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Full text of "Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland : from the dissolution of the last Parliament of Charles II, until the sea-battle of La Hogue"

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piiToIutfon of the Jaft Parliament of Charles % 
until the Sea-Battle off La Hogue. 


Confiding chiefly of 

Letters from the French AmbafTadors in England^ to their 
Court ; and from Chgrles II. James IT. King William and 
QHeen Mary, and the Minifters and Generals of thofe Princes. 

Taken from the 

pe|>6t des Affaires etrangeres at Versailles, and King Wit liam^ 
private Cabinet at Kensington. 

^Oterfperfed with Hiftorlcal Relations, neceflary to conned. 
the Papers together. 


ef e quid falfi dicere audeat, ne quid veri non audeat» C x c e r c, 

(r- DUBLIN: 

printed by the Executors of Da vip Hay, Afiignee 
of the late Boulter Grierson, at the King's 
Arms in Parliament-Street. 1773. 


■ ''1 




PART I, continued. 

TETTER from King James io the Prince bf Orange"^ 
concerning Monmouth' s rebellion j P. t' — 25. 

Letters after Monmouth's rebellion, which fhew the 
attempts of fames to get money from Louis j the re'- 
fufal of Louis \ a confequent coldnefs between thefe prin-^ 
ceSi and the fever ity of James's temper -y 25—60. 

Letters from Barillon, after MonmoutFs defeat, which 
demonjlrate the refolution of James to rule by willf and 
not by the cen/iitutien ; P. 60— '67. 

a a Leitert 




Zetters from B'arillon, %fter Monmoutl/s defeat, which 
demonjirate the refolution of James to fsttlt popery in 
England, and that lord Sunderland concurred with him j 
P. 67—75. 

Litters carried by monfieur Dyckvelt to the Prince of 
Orange^ from lord Halifax, lady Sunderland, lord 
Churchill, colonel Bellafys ; the lords Sunderland, Not- 
t Ingham, Clarendofi, Roch^fter ; Mr/ Fitzpatrick \ the 
lords Danby, Devon/hire, Shrewjbury, Sir George 
JH'-Kenzie, the bijhop of London, and the old earl of 
Bedford, which contain the intrigues of Dyckvelt in 
England, in the fummer ^f the year 16%"^, for bring- 
ing about the revolution ; P. 75 — 101, 

Letters carried hy count Tfidiejfein^ to the Prince of Orange, 
from the lords Mordaunt, Nottingham, Danby Halifax, 
and'the bijhop of London, which contain the intrigues 
of count Tiuliejiein in England, iti the autumn of that 
yeary far the fame purpofe ;'?, iQi' — 113. 

^Jj'etters carried by other perfons than Dyckvelt and Tjuliejletny 
to the prince about the fame time, from lord Dfvonjhire, 
lady Sunderland, the bijhop of London, the marquis of 
IVincheJier, the lords Shrewjbury, Da?iby, and Ha- 
lifax -, P. 113 — 128. 

■King fames^s attempts upon individuals about the tejls % 
P. 128— 131. 

Letters to the prince from admiral Hirlert, the lords 
Shrewjbury^ Lumhy^ Mr* Sydney, the lords Latimer^ 



Pemhroke, Clar-endon^ Rochejler, Halifaxi and Not^ 
iingham j admiral Rujfel, the bijhop of London^ and 
lord Churchill 'y together with the ajfociation of feveriy 
which contain the intrigues of the Prince of Orange in 
England in the fummer of the year 1688, conduced by 
Mr^ Sydney and count Zuliejieini P. 131— 150. 

Intrigues of the Prince of Orange with the Pope, the 
Emperor, and the Ele£for of Brandenburg, previous ta 
his expedition I P. 150-^—171. 

Letters from Barillon to his courts which Jhew that King 
James intended to break the a£i of fettlement in Ire" 
land, and had three Popijh regiments in England in the 
pay of France', P. 171— 283. 

Intrigues of lord Sunderland ; V, 183—210. 

King James's lafl Utters to the Prince of Orange ; 
P. 210 — 220. 

The Prince fs .Anne's letters to her fijier immediately befor& 
the revolution \ with a letter from doSlor Chamberlain 
to the Princefs Sophia, concerning the pretender's birth ; 
P. 220 — 240. 

■Letters and memoirs relative to the intrigues of the fleet at 
the revolution y P. 240—260. 

Letters relating to the conduSl of the Kiyig and Prince of 
Orange^ after the Prince landed ; P.- 260 to the^iid. 


.^' C O N T E N T .S» 


Letters to King William from lord Sunderland, and lord 
Godolphiuy foon after the revolution j P. i — 16. 

Epitaph upon lord Dundee 5 letters between him and lord 
Strathnaver ; King James's fpeech to the Scotch officers 
when formed into a company of centinels, and a letter 
from the Princefs Sophia to King TVilliam j P„ 16—240 

JDuh of Schomher^s difpatches from Ireland in the cam-^ 
paign of the year 1689 ; P. 24 — 91. 

Letters from Sir "John Trevor.^ the marquis of Wharton^ 
Mr. Hamden, and lord Delamer^ to the King, upon his 
differences -with parliament 'y P. 9i'"-«-ii5. 

Lord AnnandaWs confejjion of the firjl confpiracy ; and 
letters from the lords Caermarthen and Nottingham con- 
cerning it ; and from, Torrington concerning his 
defeat j P. 115— 131. 

Thirty-feven letters from ^een Mary to King William 
during his ahfence in Ireland, and from the lords 
Shrewjbury and Caermarthen at that time ; alljhewing 
the diJiraSfed Jiate of England -y P. 131- — 208. 

Letters from the lords Caermarthen, Sydney, Brandon, and 
Nottingham, to King William in Holland, conqerning 
the Jlate of England,^ and the fccond confpiracy 5 
P, 208 — 322. 



Letters from Secretary Stair, the lords Drumlanrlg^ MeU 
ijtlle, Mnrchmont, Tarbat^ lord B a ftl Hamilton, an,d 
Mr. Fletcher of Saltan, concerning thejiate of parties 
in Scotland, and the affair of Glencoe ; P. 222~— 263. 

Letters from the lords Marlborough, Sidney, GodolpMn^ 
admiral Ruffel, Prince George, the Princefs Anne, and 
lord Shrevojbury, concerning their difcontents, with Sir 
John Femvick's and Mr. Cook's confeffions 5 P. 263— « 

Letter from lord Rocbejier, concerning the conduSi of ih^ 
war after the battle off La Hogue ; and from the mar'* 
quts of Normanby, complaining to the King of his breach 
of faith ; with charaSier and anecdotes of King Wil- 
liam j P. 286 to the end. 


P P E N D I 

T O 

Sir John Dairy mple's Memoirs 

o F 



Vol. Ili. A 


James the lid to the Prince of Orange. — Vexed that ArgyWs 
Jhips have ejcaped. 

May 12, 1685. 

ON Saturday lafl I had yours of the i5t:h,by which 
I fee the orders were given for fending thofe fu- 
gitives out of your country, and I make no doubt but 
that you will do your part to have it well put in execu- 
tion, you feeing how neceffary it is it fhould be done. I 
fee, by the fame letters, how vexed you are, that the 
three fhips, laden with arms and ammunition, from Am- 
fterdam, got out to fea, notwithftanding the orders you 
had given to flop them. I hope you will do your part 
that no more follow them, and that you will en- 
deavour to know whether the Duke of Monmouth be 
gone with them, or remains ilill in Hoirand, as it is re- 
ported. I have fent all the neceffary orders both into 
Scotland and Ireland, in cafe they land there, and for 
England, I fuppofe, they will hardly think of doing it. 
As for other matters, all things continue very quiet 
here ; and the parliament being fo near, I have fo much 
bufinefs upon my hands, that I have not time to fay 
more, but that you fhall flill find me as kind ae you 
can defire. 

"James the J Id to the Prince of Orange. On the fame 


Whitehall, May 19, 1685. 

IH A V E now two of yours to anfwer, the one of 
the 2 2d, the other of the 25th, and do eafily bcr 
lieve if you had been at the Hague, the Lord Argyle, 
A 2 with 


wi'th his three fhips, had not got out ; and fee, by the 
fame letter, that what I had defired of the States, con- 
cerning my fugitive fubjecl:5 was ordered, which I take 
as kindly as can be defired, and as you fay, I am fure 
you will look to its being well executed. Lord Trea- 
furer fhewed me the paper you mentioned in yours of the 
25th : I believe the intelligence is true, and the rather, 
becaufe yeflerday I had letters from -Scotland that gave 
me an account of Lord Argyle's having been at the Iile 
of Orkney, in. his way towards the weft of Scotland, or 
north of Ireland: he failed from thofe ifies the 8th, 
old ftile, fo that I expect every day to hear of his being 
landed. I have reafon to believe the phanatick party 
have a defign to rife if they can in fome part of England, 
and that the Duke of Monmouth is already privately 
here ; 1 am taking the beft care I can to prevent it ; 
and now you fee how little tnift is to be given to what 
the Duke of Monmouth fays. The parliament meet this 
day, the Lords were all fworn, the Commons chofe 
their Speaker, I approved him, but it will be Friday 
before they can enter upon any bufinefs, for till then 
they will hardly have made an end of fwearing and tak- 
ing the teft. I have not time to fay more, butto af- 
fure you, you fnall always find me as kind to you as you 
can defire. 

'fame: lid to the Prince of Orange. — Dcfircs three Scotch 
rcgime7its to ue fcnt to Scotland. 

V/hitehall, May 22, 1685. 

YOU will hear from others how well the parliament 
have behaved themfelves this day, after I fpoke 
to them, fo that I need iTot repeat it. This morning 
I had letters from Scotland, v/hich gave mc an account 
that Argyle was landed at a place called Dunftafnage, 
in the (hire of Lome, in the weft Highlands, where, 
with the help of the arms he carried with him, and the 
intereft he had heretofore in that part of the country, 

I believe 


I believe he will get a good number of diiaffefted men 
together ; and thoujh I make i.o doubt, by God's help, 
that the rebels will foon be maftered, yet there is no 
harm of providing for the worft, and therefore I have 
charged ]\j[r. Skekon to propofe to youj the lending me 
the three Scotch regiments that are in your fervice, to 
be fent over into Scotland ; and if this is a thing you 
can do, the fooner it is done, the more reafon I fhall 
have to take it very kindlv of you. What elfe I have 
to fay I muft refer to him, not having time to fay more, 
but that you ihall always find me as kind to you as yoii 
can defire. 

James lid to the Prince of Orange. — Refufes to accept the 
Princess offer to go to Scotland ujjth the Scotch regimeiits. 


Whitehall," June 2, .1685. 

LAST night I bad yours of the 5th, by which I 
fee vou had received mine, in which I defued you 
to lend me the three Scotch regiments to be fent to 
Scotland, ar-d v/as the next day to propofe it to the States, 
which, I hope, by the next, to hear that they agreed 
to; for though I have reafon to believe, that the rebels 
there will be in time reduced, yet fuch a body of good 
men as thofe three' i^iments are, will help very much 
towards it. 1 take very kindly of you what yo'j ofFer 
concerning yourfelf ; but befides that you cannot be 
fpared from where you are, this rebellion of Argyle is 
not confiderable enough for you to be troubled with it; 
however,. I am as much obliged to you, as if I had ac- 
cepted of the offer you made me as to yourfelf. The 
lafl: letters I had from Scotland were of the cSth, 
vhich gave me an account that Argyle was in Kintir^j 
and had fummoncd all his men to come thither to him on 
the 26th ; fo that I am apt to believe, that if fome of 
the frigates I fer.t for that coail have not got thither by 
that time, he is by this landed in Ayre or Gallo- 
A -i >^'av. 


way, or fome of the weftern Ihires, which is the only 
thing he has to do ; but the parliament having done fo 
well, and all things being io quiet here, will difcourage 
all the rebels wherefoever they are. My daughter, the 
Princefs of Denmark, was this day brought to bed of 
a girl. I have not time to fay more now, but to affure 
you I fhall always be as kind to you as you can defire. 

yames the Second to the P'^ince of Orange. — Actount of 
Argyle's motions. 

Whitehall, June 5, 1685. 
^N Wednefday night I received yours of the 9th, 
by which I fee how much I am obliged to you and 
the States, for lending me the three Scotch regiments, 
which I always acknowledge to be a very great obligati- 
on. I ordered immediately a man of war from the 
Downs to make the beft of her way to fee if fhe could 
get time enough to the mouth of the Maefe to convoy 
themtoLeith. As for the rebels in Scotland, by letters 
I had from thence yefterday morning, of ,31 ft, from 
Edinburgh, and the 30th from Aire, from Lord Dum- 
barton, I heard that Argyle was making a fliew to land 
at Largs in Cunningham, which is about twenty miles 
from Glafgow, and that Lord Dumbarton was march- 
ing thither with the troops he had with him ; but I am 
apt to believe it is but a feint, and that Argyle only does 
it to draw Lord Dumbarton as far as he can from Gallo- 
way, and then go with all the men he has thither in his 
fhip's and boats, by which means he may get thither four 
or five days at leaft before Dumbarton can be with him, 
and increafe his numbers with the common people of 
that country, v/hich are moft of them of his mind ; 
and this fuie is the beft party he can take, if fome of 
my frigates be not there time enough to hinder him. I 
expea this night, or to-morrow, to hear more from 
thence, and v.-ry foon what is become of the Duke of 
Monmouth, and the ftiip he bought at Amfterdam. 



All thiugs are, God be thanked, very quiet here, and 
the feveral countries feem very ready to draw together 
and oppofe him wherefoever he land» Yeflerday, a let* 
ter from Poole in Dorfetfhire, for an officer of the cuf- 
torahoufe, informed, that a frigate of mine on that 
coaft had taken a veflel with four or five thoufand arms 
in it ; but hearing nothing more of it this day, I doubt 
of the truth of it. My daughter, the Princefs of Den- 
mark, was taken ill this morning, having had vapours^ 
and other accidents which fontetimes trouble women in 
her condition, which frighted us at firft ; but now, 
God be thanked, our fears are over : flie took fome or- 
dinary remedies, and has flept after them moft of this 
afternoon and evening, and is in a very good way ; which 
is all I fhall fay to you now, but to aflure you of my 
being as kind to you as you can defire. 

"James the Second to the Prince of Orange.-— — Account ef 
Argyle and Monmouth. 

Whitehall, June 12* 1685. 

I Have received your's of the 15th, in which you 
give me an account of your having feen the Scotch 
regiments. 1 thank you for the care you took of ap- 
pointing a convoy for them, though I believe the fri- 
gate I fent for the fame purpofe, got to the mouth of 
the Maefe before they were ready to fail. I do not hear 
any thing of the Duke of Monmouth fmce he failed 
from the Texel ; if he be gone through the channel for 
Scotland, fome of my frigates, that I have fent that 
way, may chance to light on him ; if he had defigned 
to have landed any where in the weft of England, as 
fome thought he intended, as the winds have been fince 
he failed, I muft have heard of it ; fo that I think he . 
muft be gone for Scotland, through St. George's Chan- 
;Tnel, or intends to land fomewhere in Cheihire, or Lan~ 
caftiire, where I have taken the beft care I can to hinder 
his doing much harm. From Scotland I had news, that 
A 4 Argyle^ 


Argyle, inftead of landing at Largs on the main, was 
gone to the Ifle of Bute, and that three of my frigates 
were come to the road before Aire on the 5th ; and that 
within two or three days they defigned to attack Argyle's 
ihips, of which I expe6^ very foon an account, and be- 
lieve, he. Lord Argyle, wi.l be in an il! condition be- 
fore Monmouth get up to join him. All things, God 
be thanked, continue very quiet here. I thought to 
have faid more, but have not now time to do it, and 
afliire you I Ihall always be as kind to you as you can 

"James the Second to' the Prince of Orange.-— The Dike of 

MonmoutFs motions, 

Whitehall, June 15, 1685. 

THOUGH the Duke of Monmouth landed at 
Lyme in Dorfetfhire on Thurfday evening, I 
got not notice of it till Saturday morning ; he found 
jiobo'dy in the town, I mean of the militia, and fo pof- 
felTed himfelf of it : befides the Ihip he was in himfelf, 
there came with him two other fhips of about one 
hundred ton each ; and by what I have been yet inform- 
ed of, I do not hear he brought on fhore with him 
above two hundred men, fince which feveral of the 
common fort of people have flocked in to him, who he 
has aimed, having brought with him great {lore, and 
by a fpy I had lately amongft them, they give out they 
are three thoufand, but he tells me they are not half fo 
ftrong, and that then there was never a gentleman came 
in to him, but one Trenchard that I had fent to feizc 
fome davs before Monmouth's landing, and had got 
away, and was one of the late confpiracy with him, and 
had got out upon the Habeas Corpus aft. The militia 
of the neighbouring countries are by this got together, 
and marching to him, and I have icnc down nine com- 
panies of foot, four troops of horfe, two of dragoons, 
which are all to be at Salisbury by to-morrow night, with 



feven fmall field-pieces, to march forward if occafion 
be. There has been fome little fighting already be- 
tween the rebels and fome of the Dorfetfhire militia, at 
a place called Bridport, fome three miles from Lyme, 
into which quarter, fome two hundred foot, and one 
hundred horfe of the rebels fell, and at firfl killed 
one Mr. Strangavais, and another gentleman, and took 
two or three more 5 but more help coming to the militia, 
they beat back the rebels, killed fome, and took five, 
with feveral arms they flung away in their hafty retreat. 
This happened on Saturday, and every moment I expe6t 
to hear of fome more action, and in a few days I hope 
to fend you a good account of this affair. He now takes 
upon him to be King, as you will fee by the declaration 
he has put out, which by order of the Lords was burnt 
by the hands of the hangman. Sure there was never a 
more lying, malicious paper than that. I was this day 
at the parliament in my robes, to pafs two money bills, 
two private ones, and another for attainting of the Duke 
of Monmouth, and 1 hope, in a few days, he will not be 
in a very good condition. I have not time to fay any 
more, but to affure you of my being as kind to you as 
you can defire. I had forgot to tell you I had received 
yours of the 19th.'* 

James the lid to the Prince of Orange. — Dejlres the three 
Engli/h regiments to be fent ovtry hecauje Monmouth is 


Whitehall, June 17, 1685. 
" T "T T H R N I wrote to you yeflerday, I tlwught 
y Y the militia would have kept the Duke of 
Monmouth fhut up within Lyme, but by the fault of 
thofe of Devonfhire or Somerfetfhire, he has opened 
his way towards Taunton, which is a very fasStious 
town, and where he may increafe his numbers ; and 
though with thofe troops I have raifed, and am railing, 
I make no doubt of maftering him in fome fmall time, 


lo APPENDIX. Parti. 

yet to make all fure, I define you to lend me the three 
Englifh regiments that are in your fervice, and they 
may be fent over with all pofllble fpeed. I have charg- 
' ■ -ed Mr. Skelton to fpeak to you at large upon this affair, 

and fo fnall fay no more but to affure you of my being 
as kind to you as you can defire." 

Janies the lid to the Pr'mce of Orange. Monmouth's 


Whitehall, June 19, 1685. 
" ^^J-^HE rebels, by the fault of the country militia, 
_£_ have opened their way to Taunton, where 
their numbers will no doubt increase. It was lad night, 
as I am informed, before the Duke of Monmouth got 
thither. The Lord Churchill with fome of my horfe 
and dragoons, with the militia of Dorfetfhire, were to 
join the Duke of Albemarle with his Devonihire men 
to follow the rebels to-morrow. I intend to fend Lord 
Feverfham v/ith three battalions of the foot guards, one 
hundred and fifty of the horfe guards, fixty grenadiers 
on horfeback, two troops of horfe, and two of dra- 
goons, to march towards the rebels. I am raifing ftore 
of horfe and foot, and men come in very faft, and the 
nobility and gentry are very zealous for my fervice ; 
and offer me to raife me men enough, they being very 
fenfible, that they defign nothing lefs than their deflruc- 
tion, as well as that of the monarchy ; but by God's 
affiflance, I make no doubt in fome time to put an end 
to this rebellion. I have not time to fay more at pre- 
fent, but that I fhall always be as kind to you as you can 


Part I. APPENDIX. n 

"James the lid to the Prince of Orange. On the fame 


Whitehall, June 23, 1685. 
" ^~|~^HE Holland letters are not yet come, but the 
H wind being now good, expeft them every 
hour. As for news, the Gazette will tell you all that 
was here till it came out, concerning the Duke of Mon- 
mouth, who was then at Taunton ; but by letters I had 
this morning from the Duke of Albemarle from Wel- 
lington, I hear, that he, the Duke of Monmouth, was 
marched from Taunton to Bridgewater, and To intend- 
ed to continue his march towards Briftol, where, I be- 
lieve, he will find good refiftance, for, by this. Lord 
Feverfham, with the horfe and dragoons with him, may 
be either at Brillol or the Bath, as he pleafes, and will 
have with him feveral of the militia troops, who when 
alone do not do well, but will make a good fhow and 
fight, when they have old troops to fhew them the way. 
Lord Churchill will be up with Lord Feverfham within 
a day or two, and then there will be likelihood of fome 
aQ:ion, which I make no doubt, by God's bleffing, will 
be for my advantage. In the mean time I am getting 
what troops lean together here, to be in a good pofture. 
The Duke of Monmouth now has taken upon him the 
title of King, and figns as I do, and wrote the other 
day to the Duke of Albemarle to perfuade him to lay 
down his arms and fubmit to him ; which not being 
done, the Duke of Monmouth caufed' him to be pro- 
claimed a traitor to him. As to the particulars of Ar- 
gyle's being taken, you can fee it in this printed paper, 
fent from hence, by v/hich the rebellion in that country 
will foon have an end. I have not time to fay more 
now, but to affure you, I {hall always be as kind to 
you as you can defirc." 



P P E N D 1 X PartL 

James the IB to the Prince of Orange. — Declines accent- 
ing the Prince's offer to come ever to England. 

London, June 30, 1685* 
«t ATT^WO days fmce I had yours by Monfieur Ben- 
1 tinke, v/ho has given nne a full account of all 
you had charged him with, and I take very kindly from 
you all the offers you made me by him, and I make no 
doubt, but by God's help, your fending me the three 
regiments I defired of you (the three Scotch being ar- 
rived this day at Gravefend) to put a fpeedy end to 
this rebellion. As to your coming over, which he told 
me you were ready to do, if there were any neceffity 
of it, I do not at all think it proper at this time for our 
common interefl, it being as neceffary for you to flay in 
Holland at this conjuncture, to keep all things well there, 
as it is for me to flay herein London. I have difcourfed at 
large with M. Bentink uron this fubje£t, who will alfo 
give you an account of it. However, I take it as kind- 
ly from you as if you had come, and am as fenfible as you 
can defire, of what you have already done. As for news. 
Lord Feverfham followed the rebels the day after they 
marched from before Bath, and being advanced with 
feme command of foot, and fome of his horfe and 
dragoons, found the rebels at a place called Phillipfnor- 
ton. He fent his foot on to fee how they were pofled, 
and what could be done upon them ; who found the re- 
bels very well pofted in a very flrong ground, not to be 
forced, v/ilh fo few men ; and fo drew up before them, 
and hindered their march, and when the reft of his men 
came up to him, thought it not fit to engage, and went 
to Bradford, which was not far off, to refrefh his men, 
who were very much harraffed, having marched nine 
days without any refl. In this fmall cccafion, the Duke 
of Grafton, who went on with, and commanded the 
detachment of foot, had like to have been cut off by a 
party of the rebels' horfe, who came out to fall into his 


Parti. APPENDIX, S3 

flank, but were charged and beaten by the grenadiers 
on horfeback, and Mathews, that commanded the re- 
bels* horfe, killed hy Lieutenant Vaughan. Of my men 
only feven or eight were killed, and fome twenty wound- 
ed ; not one officer had any harm, and but one volun- 
teer killed. I have not time to fay more, but aflure you, 
Ihall ever be as kind to you as you can defire." 

jar/7es the lid io the Prince of Orange. Much pleafed 

%uiih the regiments fent by the prince. Monmouth- 


Whitehall, July 3, .1685- 
Received on Wednefday your's of the 6th, by 
which I fee the Englifh regiments were to be 
embarked by the beginning of this week, and muft 
again thank you for them, and if they be but as good as 
the Scotch regiments, which I faw this morning, I 
lliallbe doubly pleafed ; for as to thefe I have feen, there 
cannot be, I am fure, better men than they are, and 
they do truly look like old regiments, and one cannot 
be better pleafed with them than I am, and muft again 
thank you for them. They quarter this night in Souih- 
wark, and are to march to-morrov/ for Konnflow, and 
fo forwards, as I fhall have news of the rebels' motion. 
I heard yefterday they had been at Wells, which they 
had fufficiently plundered, church and all, and were 
marching to Gafenberry, I believe in their way to 
Bridgewater, to get near the fea-fide there, having a 
mind as I believe to fpeak with his fliip fomewhere there- 
abouts ; but it will be ill fortune if fome of my flilps 
do not light upon her, for I have two, I caufed fit out 
at Briftol, going to look out for her that way, and 
others v/hich are going about the Land's end after her. 
I have not heard from Lord Feverfham this day, but 
believe he marched yefterday from Frome after the re- 
bels ; he did not march after them the day before to be 
fure which way they bentj he being to cover Briftol, 


14 APPENDIX. Parti. 

.md to fee they give him not the flip this way ; if they 
go weft, he will prefs them hard. They, the rebels, 
defert apace ; which is all I fliall fay now but to affure 
you I fhall always be as kind to you as you can defire." 

James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Monmouth 


Whitehall, July 7, 1685. 
'^' ^ Am fure it v/ill pleafe you very well to hear that 
^ it has pleafed God, to give my troops good fuc- 
cgfs againfl the rebels here in England, as well as in 
Scotland. The Duke of Monmouth was got with all 
his troops to Bridgwater, and had fummoned all the 
country to come in to him to fortify it ; upon which 
' Lord Fe\'errnam marched on Sunday lad from Sommei'- 
ton to a village called Weflon, whieJi is within fome 
two or three miles of Bridgwater, near which he 
camped, with what he had of my old troops, which 
confided of about two thoufand foot, in fix battalions, 
and fome feven hundred horfe and dragoons, and eighteen 
fmall field pieces : the Earl of Pembroke with fome 
horfe and foot, of the militia, were quartered in a vil- 
lage behind him, having not tents, to camp with. On 
Sunday night the Duke of Monmouih came out of 
Bridgwater over the bridge, with all his troops, him- 
felf at the head of the toot, and Lord Grey command- 
ed his hoife, and came on with that great order and 
filence, that our parties which vi^ere out to fee if he 
marched, did not hear them, and drew in battle upon 
the plain, and advanced flraight on to our camp, hop- 
ing to furprife them, and about two in the morning en- 
gaged our foot with great vigour, and were as well re- 
ceived ; they had but three. pieces of cannon with them, 
which they brought up, within piflol fliot of our foot. 
Our horfe in the mean time drew up on the right jiand 
of our foot, the left being fo covered that they could not 
betaken by the flank, and charged the rebels horfe, which 


Parti. APPENDIX. 15 

confifted of fifteen troops, and beat them, at the firft 
charge, but did not purfue them far, but fell back in- 
to the rear of the rebels foot, which made great reilfl:- 
ance, but at laft were all cut to pieces, their cannon , 
and two and twenty colours taken. How many were flain 
of them was not then known, nor how many prifon- 
ers ; juft now I have heard again from Lord Fcverlham, 
of laft night ten o'clock, in which he gives me an ac- 
count that he was mafler of Bridgwater, that what< 
horfe of the rebels which efcaped, had taken their way 
towards Briflol, that he had fent two parties of horfe, 
the one to Canfham and the other to Bradford, to fee 
to intercept them ; that as to the Duke of Monmouth, 
he believed he got off only with forty horfe. I have 
reafon to believe now that the countries will rife upon 
them, fo that he will have difficulty enough to get away. 
Lord Feverfham has left fome men in Bridgwater, and 
is marched to Wells, where he is to be this night : 'tis 
fo late that I can fay no more, but to aflure you you, 
Ihall always find me as kind to you as you can dsfire." 

"James the lid to the prince of Orange. Monmouth 


Whitehall, July 10, 1685. 
" yN my laft I told you how Lord Feverfham had 
I totally defeated the Duke of Monmouth. Now 
I can tell you that it hath pleafed God to let the Duke 
be taken ; he and Lord Grey, fo foon as their horfe 
were beaten, went away and left their foot; and fome 
hours after, with two others, put themfelves in 
difguife, and went as far as their horfes would carry 
them towards Poole ; when they were tired, they quit- 
ted them, and endeavoured to get on foot to the fea- 
fide; but Lord Lumle}', with fome of the Suffex mi- 
litia, had the good fortune to take them both, the Lord 
Grey on the 7th, and the Duke of Monmouth on the 



8th, with a Brandenburgher, that was with them, whofe 
name I do not yet know. I have ordered them to be 
brought up hither under a ftrong guard; which is all I 
have time to fay to you now, but that you fhall al- 
ways find me as kind to you as you can defire." 

"James the lid to the Prince of Orange.- — Mis interviews 
tvith Monmouth and Ltrd Grey. 

' Whitehall, July 14, 1685. 

HAVE had yours of the 17th, and now the 
Duke of Monmouth is brought up hither with 
Lord Grey and theBrandenburgher. The two firft de- 
fired very earneflly to fpeak with me, as having things 
of importance to fay to me, which they did, but did 
not anfwer my expectation, in what they faid to me : 
the Duke of Monmouth feemed more concerned and de- 
firous to live, and did behave himfelf not fo well as I 
€xpe6i:ed, nor fo as one ought to have expected, from 
one who had taken upon him to be King. I have fign- 
ed the warrant for his execution to-morrow. For 
Lord Grey, he appeared more refolute and ingenious, 
and never fo much as once afked for his life ; his execu- 
tion cannot be fo foon, by reafon of fome forms which 
are requifite to be complyed with. 'Tis fo late that I 
have not time to fay more, but that you fhall always 
find me as kind to you as you can defire," 



ya?nes the lid to the Prince of Orange. Monmouth'' s 


Whitehail, July 17, 1685. 
^' y Find by yours of the 21 ft, that you heard of the 
j|^ defeat of the rebels, and before this you will 
have been informed of the Duke of Monmouth having 
been taken and brought hither. He was very folicitous 
to have gained more time, and did many things towards 
it, not very decent for one who had taken on him the 
title of King. He was beheaded on Wednefday on the 
Tower-hill. He died refolutely, and a downright en- 
thufiaft. Mr. Bentick will foon be with you, who will 
be able to inform you of all the particulars, which are 
too long for a letter ; Richard Goodenough is taken in 
Devonihire, they are in hopes to have Fargufon alfo, fd 
that few of the chief rebels areefcaped: I have not time 
to fay more, and be aflured I fhall always be as kind to 
you as you can defire. 

King 'James's ^een to the Prince of Orange. — Rejoices 
that the rebellion is ended. 

"Whitehall, July 19, 1685. 
" nr\ H E kind meffage you fent to the king by Mr. 

]^ Bentinck, and your good wifhes, I believe 
brought us good luck, for God be thanked here is an end 
of all troubles, and in fuch a manner as that we hope 
never to fee the like again as long as we live. I have de- 
fired this bearer to give you a thoufand thanks for all 
the marks you give me of your friendfhip, both by him, 
and in your letter. I am extremely pleafed with it, and 
defire nothing more than the continuance of it, of which 
I will not doubt, being refolved to (hew myfelf upon all 
occafions, truly and fincerely yours." 

M. R. 

For my fon, the Prince of Orange. 

Vol. III. B . James 


James the lid to the Prince of Orange. -Lords Brandon 

and Stamford Jei^ed. 

Whitehall, July 24, 1685. 
" T Had this evening yours of the 27th, and certainly 
^ you are very much in the right, in what you fay 
concerning the late Duke of Monmouth. I have now 
made further difcovery, and have fent this evening lord 
Stamford to the Tower, and have ordered lord Brandon 
to be taken up and fent thither alfo, I was yefterday 
at Hounflow to fee fome fix thoufand men were there. 
It is fo late that I have not time to fay more, but to af- 
fure you of my being as kind to you as you can defire.'' 

Notwithftanding thefe fmooth letters from King 
James to the Prince of Orange, Barillon writes to his 
court 2 1 ft of May, 1685, that the King complained to 
hifn that the Prince of Orange had permitted lord Argyle 
to fail. On the 7th of May he writes, that the King 
faid he was to keep on fair terms with the Prince only 
till the feflion of parliament (hould be over ; and at an 
after period near the time of the revolution he writes, 
that King told him, it was very lucky there had been 
no occafion for trying the fidelity of the regiments 
which the Prince of Orange bad fent over in the Duke 
of Monmouth's rebellion ; for that moft of the officers 
were difaffected. 

Lord Dartmouth's manufcript-note on pap-e 631, 
Vol.1, of Bifnop Burnet's hiflory, is in thefe words : 
*' Fletcher told me he had good grounds to fufped, that 
the Prince underhand encouraged the expedition with 
defign to ruin the Duke of Monmouth." The autho- 
rity is high. Fletcher was in a fituation to know, and 
he was incapable of lying. 

The effeft of the King's fufpicion foon appeared in 
his infifling to appoint the commander of the fix Britifii 


PartL A P P E N t) i X» 

regiments in the Dutch fervice, in the place of Mr, 
Sidney, whom he had recalled. At firil: he propofed 
that lord Pembroke fliould have the command. The 
prince confented ; but the appointment did not take place. 
Afterwards the King recommended lord Carlingfordj, 
a Roman catholic. But the Prince pofitively refufed 
his confent, and fhie King yielded in his turn. 

The correfpondence on this fubjeft is in King Wil" 
liarti's box, as follows. 

yames the lid to the Prince of Orange, Pfopofes Lord 

Pembroke to command the Brltijh trovps in the Ihitcb 

Whitehall, July 29, 1685. 
" "^ Have fpoken my mind fo freely to this bearer Mn 

J^ Bentick, and fo freely inftru6ted him of all things 
here, that I need fay little to you by him. Richard 
Goodenough is brought hither, and confirms very ex- 
actly vt^hat the late Duke of Momouth and Lord Gray \ 
have faid : I have not fpoken to him yet, but I am to 
examine him myfelf to-morrow. I need not fay more 
to you now, but to aflure you of my being as kind 
to you as you can defire. 

I have charged this bearer to make a propofal to you 
concerning the Earl of Pembroke, who confidering all 
things I think very fit for the command 1 propofe to 

James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Prefjesfor Lord 

J^embroke's command. h to make a camp at 


Whitehall, Auguft lO, 1685* 

" T Had not time the laft poll to let you know that I 

X had received yours of the 6th from Dieren, by 

which t am glad to fee you were fo fatisfied with what 

B 2 Mr. 

APPENDIX.- Parti. 

Mr. Eentick hadfaid to you from me, and fhall not alter 
from it. As to w hat you defire to have concerning fome 
authentick proofs againft fome in Amfterdam, at prefent 
I can fay no more than the note I gave Mr. Bentick has 
informed you, but now when the trials come on of feve- 
ral of the rebels, fhall fee what further light can be got. 
As to what concerns lord Pembroke's affairs which I re- 
commended to you fo earnedly, I hope that if you prefs 
the States to it, they will agree to it, efpecially when 
you may tell them no penfion will be delired, now in 
time of peace ; and for a regiment, that as I keep Canon 
here, he lord Pembroke may have it. 'Tis true he has 
feen no fervice, he is a flout, ingenious, and induflrious 
man, and one on whom I can entirely rely, and fo will 
be fure to propofe none, nor recommend any to you, 
but fuch as are truly loyal, which is of great confequence 
to me ; for as they are yet compofed, there are fome 
officers, and many foldiers, were better out than in 
thofe regiments ; and befides that, he has really ferved 
me eminently well in this lafl affair, againfl the Duke of 
Monmouth ; all which confiderations will I hope prevail 
with you, to do your part to get it done, and then fure 
the States will not be againfl it. As for news, all things 
continue very quiet here, and are like to continue fo, 
though the republican and prefbyterian party are as wil- 
ling as ever to rebel, only want an opportunity. I fhall 
have mofl of my new foot at Hounflow by the next 
week, where I intend they fhall all camp, for fome time; 
which is all I have to fay, but to afTure you of my being 
as kind to you as you can defire." 

"James the lid to the Prince of Orange Thanks for 

Lord Pembroke's affair. Coimnends the appearance 

of the troops encamped at Hounflow. 


Windfor, Augufl 25, 1685. 
HAVE received yours of the 27th, by which I 
am very glad to find you do agree to what I pro- 



pofed to you concerning the Earl of Pembroke, and thank 
you very kindly for doing it, and {hall fend to advertife 
him of it, that he may make Avhat hafle he can over to 
you, to thank you for your kindneffes to him. As for 
the names of any of the magiftrates of Amflerdam, 
v/hen I can get any authentic proofs againfl them, I 
I ihall let you have it, which, I fear, v^^ill be hard to be 
got, though 'tis certain fome of them knew of the Duke 
ofMonmouth's defign. On Saturday laft I faw fome of 
my troops at Hounflow, they eonfifted of ten battalions 
of foot, .of which three were cf the guards, and the 
other feven new raifed regiments ; of horfe there were 
twenty fquadrons, and one of grenadiers on horfeback, 
and really the new troops of both forts were in very 
good order, and the horfes very well mounted: I was 
glad that the Marefchal d'Humieres fav/ them, for feve- 
ral reafons. I have not time tq fay more, but that you 
Ihall always find me as kind to you as you can de- 

For my fonne the Prince of Orange. 

Prince of Orange to Monf. Bent'mck. 

" X E. fuis en un extreme embarras de ce que le Roy 
^ a trouve bon de me nommer le Comte de Car- 
lingford pour commander les fix regimens de fes fujets 
qui font en ce fervice icy, puis qu'il n'y a rien au monde 
que je defire plus que de fatisfairefa Majefle en tout ce 
qui pouroit dependre de moy. Mais comme le dit 
Comte eft Catholique, et que cela me fairoit un tort 
extreme en ce pais-ci fi je donnois commandement de 
ces fix regimens a une perfonne de cette religion ; et 
que vous vous fouvienderez fans doute que je fus oblige 
de faire la meme reprefentation au feu Roy a I'egard 
du Comte de Dunbarton; et que fa Majefte eut la 
bonte de n'y plus infifter, je me trouve force de vous 
prier de reprefenter cecy au Roy, efperant que fa Ma- 
jefte aura la meme bonte, et qu'elle ne voudra pas que 
B 3 je 


je mc faflfe un fi grand tort en ce pais, dont elle ne peut 
tirer aucune fervice. J'aurois fait direfitement eette 
reprefentation au Roy, fi je n'avois cru qu'il etoit plus 
refpeQ:ueux de \c faire par votre moien ; dontje vous 
prie de prendre la peine, et eela de la maniere que vous 
jugerezleplus convenable; et voux obligerez extreme- 
uientcelui qui fera toujours entierementa vous.'' 


Prince of Orange to Mmf. Bent'inck.- Refufes to givfi 

■ the command of the Englijh regiments in the Dutch 

fervice to Lord Carlingford, recommended by the 

f* T A M under an extreme embarraffment from the 
X King's thinking proper to name the Earl of Car- 
lingford to me for the command of the fix regiments of 
his fubjeOis who are in this fervice, begaufe there is no- 
thing in the world I defire more than to give fatisfa£tion 
to his Majefty in every thing that depends upon me. 
But as the Earl is a Catholick, and it would hurt me 
extremely in this country if I gave the command of thefe 
fix regiments to a perfon of that religion ; and as I was 
obliged, v/hich no doubt you will remember, to repre- 
fent the fame thing to the deceafed King with regard to 
the Earl of Dunbarton ; and as his Majefly had the gopd- 
nefs upon that not to infift upon it any longer, T find my- 
fclf forced to ref>refent all this to the King, in hopes that 
■ his Majefly will have the fame goodnefs, and that he 
will not wifh to dp mc fo great an injury to myfelf in 
this country, without bringing any advantage to h^. 
I would have made fhis reprefentation diredly to the 
King, if I had not thought that it was more refpciSlful 
to do it by your means. I int.reat you to take the trouble 
of it, and that in whatever manner you think proper, 
and you will oblige extremely him who will be always 
entirely yours." 



Ltrd Sunderland to the Prince of Orange. Prejps h'vn.^ 

frcm the Kingy to give the command of the BritiPD troops 
in the Dutch fervtce, to Lord Carlingford, a 

" TN obedience to your Highnefs's commands, which 
X I received by your letter of the 19th of this 
month, I have reprefented to the King what you di- 
re6:ed me concerning my Lord Carlingford, and the 
prejudice it would be to your Highnefs if he command- 
ed the King's fubjeSts in Holland ; upon which his Ma- 
jefty has ordered me to affure your Highnefs that he 
will never defire any thing of you that can pofiibly be 
difadvantageous to you ; and if my Lord Carlingford's 
being at the head of thofe troops could be fo, he would 
never have writ to you about it, nor would continue to 
prefs it as he does. His Majefty not thinking it unrea- 
fonable for him to recommend a man of quality and ho- 
nour fuch a one as he likes to be over his fubjefits, and 
that his being a Catholick is no argument againft it, 
fince men of that religion have been fo often employed 
in all places and at all times. That when my Lord Dun- 
barton was propofed by the late King, the noife of the 
plot and the clamour of the fa61:ion Avere at the height, 
which was the reafon his late Majedy preffed it no fur- 
ther ; but all that being over long ago, and his prefent 
Majefty employing Catholicks where he finds they are 
fit, he cannot but defire that my Lord Carlingford may 
command thofe regiments, and thinks the alteration of 
times and perfons ought to be confidered. This his Ma- 
jefty has directed me to write to your Highnefs, to 
which I have nothing to add, but that I am fure the King 
would be very well pleafed if this might be done, and 
that he will take it extremely well of your Highnefs if 

B4 you 


24 APPENDIX. Parti. 

you could comply with him in it. For my particular^ 
I am very forry that you fhould defire any fervice of me 
put of my power, being, with the greateft refpe6t and 
fubmiflion poffible, 

Your Highnefs's 
Windfor, Moft faithful, moft humble , 

Aug. 24, 1686. And moft obedient fervant. 


Prince of Orange to Lord Sunderland. 

ADieren, ce 12 deSept. 1686. 
"AI recu, la jour avant mon depart de la Haye, 
celle que vous avez pris la peine de m'ecrire du 

^^^ ° - '^ ~ - par ordre du Roy fur I'affaire de milord Car- 

lingford. II ne feroit pas bienfeant, et j'ay trop de re- 
fpe6: pour fa Majefte, d'entrer plus avant en raifonne- 
ment fur cette matiere ;. ainfi je n'ai qu'a vous prierde 
vouloir de ma part fupplier fa Majefte tres humblement 
d'avoir labonte de ne plus infifter fur cette affaire, etje 
le prendrai comme une grande grace. Je fuisbien mar- 
ri d'etre oblige de vous donner tant de peine ; je vous 
prie de ne le pas trouver mauvais, et de me croire tou- 
jours, &c. 


Prince of Orange to Lord Sunderland. — Refufes pofttively 
to give the command of the Britijh troops , in the Dutch 
fervice, to Lord.Carlingford. 

Dieren, September 12, 1686. 
*' 'nrt HE day before I left the Hague I received the 
1 letter which you took the trouble to write to 

me on ~^^/f- upon my Lord Carlingford's affair. It 
would not be decent, and I have too much refpe£l for 
his Majefty to enter further into reafonings on that mat- 

Part 1. APPENDIX. 35 

ter ; and therefore I have only to beg you will humbly 
intreat his Majefty, on my part, to have the goodneis 
not to infifl: upon this affair, and I will take it as a great 
favour. I amforry to give you To much trouble, and I 
crave you not to take it amifs, and to believe rue al- 
ways, &-C, '' 

In the mean time. Lord Churchill not having fuc- 
ceeded at Paris in getting money for his mafter from the 
French court. King James and his Minifters renewed 
their attempts with Bariilon. The following difpatch 
relates the particulars. I print the whole of it, though 
long, becaufe, I prefume, the effeft of it will be, to 
make every Britifh reader, even at this day, fhudder, 
when he refleQs what an efcape from arbitrary power 
our anceftors made at the Revolution, 

ExtraSf d^une depeche de M. Bariilon au Roy, i6^<s 
Mars 26. 

''A I eii plufieurs conferences depuis quelques jours 
avec le Roy d'Angleterre, et avec fes miniftres, 
dans les quelles j'ai et^ fort prefle de reprefenter a votre 
Majefle I'etat au quel font les affaires de ce pays cy, et 
de lui demander en meme tems un fecours qui puifTe 
mettre fa Majefle Britannique en etat de fe foutenir, et 
de ne pas fuccomber fous Jes efforts qu'on doit s'attendre 
que feront fes ennemis des que I'occafion s'en prefente- 
ra : milord Rochefler, milord Sonderland, et milord 
Godolphin me font venu trouver enfemble, et m'ont 
explique les befoins qu'avoit le Roy d'Angleterre d'un 
fecours prefent ; c'eH: a dire d'une fomme confiderable 
d'argent pour pouvoir fe conduire avec la fermete necef- 
faire envers le parlement, et ne lui accorder aucune des 
conditions prejudiciables a fon autorite, qui lui feront 
indubitablement propofees en lui accordant le revenu 
dent le feu Roy d'Angleterre jouiffoit. lis me dirent 


2^ APPENDIX, Parti. 

que la refolution etoit prife de ne point accepter cc que 
le parlement voudroit accorder pour un terns limite, 
parceque ce feroit etablir une neceffite d'aflcmbler le par- 
lement, qui changeroit la forme du gouvernment, et 
qui rendroit le Roy leur maitre entierement dependant 
de cette affemblee ; que pluflot que de tomber dans cet 
inconvenient, il en taudra venir d'abord aux remedes 
extremes, cafler le parlement, et fe maintenir a force 
ouverte dans la jouiffance des revenus accordes au feu 
Roy d'Angletere pour fa vie feulement ; qu'on ne doit 
pas prefumer que cela puifie etre fait fans oppofition; 
et qu'il faut etre en etat de reprimer d'abord les premiers 
troubles qui feront excites ; qu'on ne peut les prevenir 
en levant de nouvelles troupes avant la fean^e du parle- 
ment, ni en faiflant venir des forces etrangers qui, dans 
le commencement que le parlement fera cafTe, caufe- 
roient plutot une revoke generale en Angleterre, qu'elles 
neferviroienta reduire les rebelles ; qu'ainfile feul renne-^ 
de eft que fa Majefte Britannique foit en etat de faire un 
grand effort, et de fe foutenir avec une fomme d'argent 
qui facilitera tous fes deffeins, au lieu que s'il faut at- 
tendre le fecours dont ou aura befoin, le tems fe pafTera 
avant qu'on en puiffe tirer les avantages qui feront in- 
dubitables d'abord. 

Les trois miniftres s'etendirent fur la gloire qu'auroit 
votre Majefte de conferver la couronne peu affermie en- 
core fur la tete du Roy leur maitre, et n'obmirent aucu- 
ne des raifons qui doivent porter votre Majefte a le met- 
tre en etat de lui devoir la confervation et le bonheur de 
fon regne. La concluficn fut qu'ils ne doutoient pas 
que votre Majefte ne voulut bien dans la fuite accorder 
le merae fubfide au Roi leur maitre qu'elle avoit accor- 
de au feu Roy, et meme ne rien diminuer fur les deux 
dernieres annees des trois corame on avoit fait ; c'cft a 
dire un fubfide de deux millions par chaque annec pen- 
dant trois ans ; qu'outre ce fubfide, il etoit d'une abfo- 
lu neceffite que votre Majefte voulut envoyer icy avant 
raftemblee du parlement un fonds de deux millions, qui 
feroient avec ce qui refte du de I'ancien fubfide une fom- 

Fart I. APPENDIX. $1 

me de trois millions ; que I'etat des afFaircs du Roi m 
demaTid<?it pas un moindre fecouFS ; et que votre Majefte, 
voulant lui tem,oigner une amitie fineere et effective, 
feroit plus par ce fecours prefent que par tout ce qu'elle 
pourroit faire dans la fuite. 

Je tentioignaietrefurpris d'entendre la propofitiond'une 
fooMcie fi confiderable, et en menie terns celle d'un fub- 
fide regie; je leur dis qu'une demande plus moderee fe- 
roit plus convenable dans les commencemens, puifque 
I'on pouvoit etre affure que le fecours de votre Majefte 
ae raanqueroit pas au befoin, et qu'on avoit vu que votre 
Majede avoit prevenumeme la demande qu'on lui pou- 
yoit faire, des qu'elle avoit pu croire que fa Majefte 
Britannique pouvoit en avoir befoin : que je trouvois 
aufli qu'il n'etoit pas neceflaire de regler des a prefent . 
un fubfide, avant que de voir ce qu'il arriveroit de I'af- 
femblee du parlement, et fans favoir fi il ne fe porteroit 
pas a donner au Roy d'Angleterre la jouiffance de tons 
les revenus pendant fa vie, au quel cas il fe trouveroit 
en etat de fe foutenir plus aifement et de maintenir fon 
autorite. La replique a cela fut, quoiqu'il arrivat du 
parlement on ne dsvoit pas s'attendre, que le Pvoy leur 
maitre fut en etat de pouvoir fubfifter par lui meme en 
I'etat ou il devoit etre pour fa fiirete; qu'il auroit befoin 
de faire encore une augmentation dans fes troupes, et de 
rernettre fes vaiffeaux en bon etat ; que fa refolution 
etoit prife de demcurer toujours attache a votre Majefte, 
et ainfi qu'il ne crai^noit pas de s'engager a demander 
yn i\sbfide pendant plufieur^s annees, faehant bien que 
votre Majefte feroit contente de fa conduite en tons les 
terns, et ne fe repentiroit pas de le mettre en pouvoir 
de lui temoigner fa reconnoifiance. Le meme jour que 
j'eus cette conference, le Roy d'Angleterre me mena 
dans fon cabinet; il me repeta ce que fes miniftres 
ra'avoient dit;, et y ajouta tout ce qui peut perfuader 
on attachement inviolable de fa part aux interefts de 
votre Majefte. J;e lui dis que je ne pouvois pas lui par- 
ler de la part de votre Majefte fur ce que fes miniftres 
m'avoient dit, ne I'ayant pas prevu ; que je le priois 



de mon chef de confidcrer cc que votre Majefle avoit 
fait d'abord pour prevenir fes befoins ; que je croiois 
que cette epreuve le devoit porter plutot a laifTer a votre 
Majefte le choix de ce qu'elle defiroit falre, que de lui 
demander avec emprefTement une fomme confiderable 
comme une chofe d'unc abfolue neceflite ; que la fixa- 
tion d'une fubfide me paroiflbit aufli etre prematuree ; 
et qu'une entiere confiance en votre Majefte ne I'en- 
gageroit pas moins qu'une demande precife et formelle ; 
que je croiois que la maniere d'agir de votre Majefte a 
fon egard, doit auffi attirer de lui une maniere differen- 
te de ce qui fe pratique ordinairement ; et que fi j'ofois 
• le confeiller, je croirois qu'il ne feroit pas neceflaire 
dans ce commencement de faire autre chofe que d'eta- 
blir une confiance reciproque, et une entiere intelligence 
fur tout ce qui pent arriver. 

La reponfe du Roi d'Angleterre a ete, qu'il penferoit 
a ce que je lui difois ; qu'il me parleroit encore a fond ; 
et que je vifie milord Rochefter, pour pouvoir convenir 
avec lui de ce qu'il feroit plus a propos de faire prefente- 
ment. Je vis milord Rochefier, et j'efTayai de lui per- 
fuader que la demande d'une fomme fi confiderable, 
jointe a celle d'un fubfide, ne feroit pas un fi bon effet 
aupres de votrp Majefle, que fi on fe contentoit de re- 
prefenter I'etat des affaires, qu'enfuite on remit a ce 
que votre Majefte jugeroit plus convenable a faire de fa 
part ; qu'il importoit dans le commencement de fon mi- 
niftere d'etablir une confiance entiere entre votre Ma- 
jefte et le Roi fon maitre, et que rien ne fut refufe de 
ce qui feroit demande ; que fi je ne connoiflbis fes bon- 
nes intentions par une longue experience, js croirois 
qu'il auroit infpire le confeil d'une demande fi forte, 
pour jetter yotre Majefte dans I'inconvenient de refufer 
la premiere chofe qui lui eft demandee par fa Majefte 
Britannique ; qu'il devoit croire que je parlols de mon 
chef et fans ordre,,. n'ayant pu prevoir que I'aftaire dont 
il eft queftion dut etre agitee ; que j'aimois mieux pre- 
venir des difficultes qui pourroient furvenir que de faire 
efperer icy plus qu'on ne doit attendre. 


Parti. APPENDIX. agi 

Milord Rochefler me dit qu'il croioit inutile de me 
parler de fa conduite paffee, puifque noug avions, lui et 
moi, pendant quatre ans manage feuls et fans la parti- 
cipation d'autres perfonnes, des interefts aflez difficilea 
a concilier ; que j'etois temoin de fon precede tant qu'il 
avoit eu la conftance du feu Roy d'Angleterre ; qu'il 
efperoit que je lui rendrois cette juftice de n'avoir rieit 
vu en lui de I'incertitude et des changemens fi frequens 
en ceux qui I'avoienJ: precede dans les affaires ; qu'il ne 
pretendoit pas tirer vanite de ce qui s'eil paffe pendant 
les quatre dereres annees ; qu'il croioit que le feu Roy 
d'Angleterre avoit fait fort fagement et fort utilement 
pour fes interefls de s'unir etroitement avec votre Majef- 
te; que votre Majefle de fon cote avoit trouve de la fa- 
cilite a I'execution de tous fes deffeins, pour ne rien dire 
de plus avantageux de fa liaifon avec le feu Roy d'An- 
gleterre ; que tant que les finances ont ete entre fes 
mains, il a laifle aller les payemens des fubfides en la 
maniereque je I'ai voulu, et que par ce moyen, il s'eft 
pafle une annee entiere fans qu'il ait ete queftion de la 
continuation de ce fubfide, quoique dans cette derniere 
annea Luxembourg ait ete pris, et la paix faite en la 
maliiere que votre Majefte la voulu prefcrire a fes ennemis ; 
qu'en tout cela il croit avoir bien fervi fon maitre, fans 
avoir rien fait de contraire aux interefls de votre Majef- 
te ; qu'ainfi il merite qu'on prenne a prefent confiance 
en lui, et que ce qu'il peut confeiller foit bien interpre- 
te ; que fon deffein n'eft pas de diminuer I'opinion que 
je puis avoir de fon credit, mais que je connois le Rov 
fon maitre, et que je vols clairement qu'il agit en tout 
par lui meme, et que perfonne ne fcait mieux que lui 
I'etat de fes affaires ; que fa refolution eft prife de de- 
raeurer inviolablement attache a votre Majefle; qu'il 
n'y aura ni changement ni variation dans fa conduite, et 
que votre Majefle peut faire un fond affure fur lui a 
I'avenir ; qu'avec le fecours prefent, et la promefie du 
fubfide, le Roi ^on maitre fera en etat de reprimer 
les premiers effdrts qui fe feroHt contre lui, et qu'apres 
s'etre bien etabli, il dirigera toute fa conduite au dehors, 




pour l"e coiiferver unc amitie et une protefiioH a laqu'elle 
il devra hi conrervation et la profperitc de fes affaires ; 
qu' a Ton egard dc lui, je le connollTois aficA pour favoir 
qu'il ne croioit pas de la dignite et des vrais interets ds 
Ton maitrc dcmarchander a\cc votrel^vlajefte, ni de lui 
demander trois millions pour en obtenlr deux ; que le bc- 
foin etoit preflant, et qu'il n*etoit arrive de longtems 
unc conjondlurc pareiilc a cellc-ci ; que votre Majefte 
jouilToit d'unc paix glorieule apres avoir donne le repos 
a I'Europe par une fagelle plus digne d'admiration encore 
que fes cdnquetes : qu'il avouoit de bonne foi, que la 
conduite de votre Majefte en tout, attire une profonde 
veneration, que perfonne rt'en eft plus rempli que lui ; 
qu'il efpere que votre Majefte nc voudras pas diminuer 
quelque choie de ce qui lui eft demande en une occafion 
ou il s' agit de tout pour le Roy Ton inaitre. 

J'ai eu depuis celaune longue conference avec le Roy 
d'Anglcterre dans laqu'ellc il rtii'expliqua a fond fes def- 
leins et I'etat de fes affaires ; il me dit, qu'il connoiflbit 
I'^verfion que le peuple d'Anglcterre avoit pour la reli- 
gion catholiquc, mais qu'avec le fecours dt votre Majefte 
il efperoit furmonter cet obftaclc ; que fon unique but 
ctoit d'y travailler ; et qu'il favoit aKtt que jamais il 
ue feroit en une cntiere furete que la religion catholique 
3ie tut etablie en Angleterre de fav'on a ne pouvoir etre 
ruinee ni detruite ; que cela ne fe pouvoit faire qu'aveG 
le terns, et en prenant dc grandes precautions pour 
I'avenir ; qu'il avoit beaucoup de vues fur cela, dontje 
ferois informe quand il en feroit terns ; que prefentment 
il s'agiflolt de jetter les fondemens de fon regne et de 
s'ctablir ; que le fecours dont il avoit befoin m'avoit et^ 
explique ; que fon humeur etoit fort oppofee a faire des 
demandes exceffives, mais qu'il n'hefitoit pas aufli a ex- 
poler ies beloins a votre Majefte, avant bien refolu 
d'etre tout fa vie attache a fes interefts : que quand il 
laura iur quoi il peut faire un for.dcmcnt affure, il en- 
treprenura des chofes a quoi il n'ofera^fonger, s'il n'eft 
pas en etat de les foutenir. Que tout ce que votre Ma- 
jefte a fait de gloricux pour fa perfonne, et d*avantageux 



pour fon etat, nc I'eft pas d'avantage que le leront les 
fuitesde cc que votre Majefte fera prefentement en fe 
faveur, parcequ'un fecours prefent, et I'opinion qu'on a 
deja de I'appi:! de votre Majefte pour lui, le mettront 
en etat de venir a bout de tous fes bons defleins ; qu'il le? 
conduira avec la participation de votre Majefte, et con- 
formemtnt a fes intentions ; que ie re'.abliflement de la 
religion catholique enAngleterre ne peut reiiflirque fotis 
la protection et par les fecours de votre Majefte; que 
Dieu la mife en un etat de grandeur et de puiflance, ou 
aucune Roy de France n'a ete depuis piufieurs fiecles, 
pour etre le reftaurateur de la religion en Angle- 

Je dis a. ce Prince que je reprefenterois a votre Ma- 
jefte ce qu'il me difoit ; que je le priois cependant de fe 
remettre a ce que votre Majefte refoudra, et de ne fe 
pas tellement fenfermer a aucune demande precife, que 
votre Majefte ne connoiffe qui'l foumet a fon jugement 
et a fa decifion'la conduite d'une affaire de fi grand poids, 
etqui demande tant de precaution et de ft puiflaps fe- 
cours ; que je fuis aftez informe que votre Majefte ne 
defire rien d'avantage que le retabiiflement de la religion 
en Angleterre, mait que cette entreprife eft remplie de 
difficultes, et fera traverfee fortement fi elk n'eft conduite 
avec tout la prudence poflible ; que c'eft ce qui fe doit 
concerter avec votre Majefte, et prendre des mefures fo- 
lides qui ne puifTent manquer ; qu'ainfi ileftjuftede 
s'en rapporter a votre Majefte. Je vis encore bier au 
foir le Roy d' Angleterre, il me preffa de rendre compte 
a votre Majefte de ce qu'il m'avoit dit, et me fit connoi- 
tr r qu'il attendra avec impatience cz que votre Majefte 
aura determine, parceque toute fa conduite doit etre di- 
rigee fur la refolution que votre Majefte voudra 

J'aieu unelongue conference en partjculier avec rr.s- 
lord Sonderland ; il me paroit informe a fond des inten- 
tions et des defleins du Roy fon maitre ; il le croit entie- 
rement refolu de s'attacher votre Majefte, et de ne 
mcnager M. le Prince d'Orange qu'autant qu'il eft ne- 




ceffarle prefentement, pour nelui pas fournir desoccafi- 
ons de faire eclater fa mauvaife yolonte ; il m'a dit, 
que ceux qui voudroient reunir le Roy d'Angleterre et 
M. le Prince d'Orange feroient fort aife que votre Ma- 
jefte ne fit pas prefentement pour le Roi d'Angleterre 
tout ce qu'il peut defirer, pour pouvoir dans la fuite 
trouver quelque moyen de la faire pancher du cote du 
Prince d'Orange, ce qui deviendra entierement im- 
pofTible, fi votre MajedQ repond a ce que fa Majefte 
Brifannique attende prefentement de fon amitie." 

ExtraSl of a difpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louis the 
XlVth. — ■—'James afks a fupply and fuhfidy from. 
France. — His vieius. — Conferences with Godolphin, Ro- 
chejierf and Sunderland^ and their views. 

March 26, 1685. 
" TXTITHIN thefe few days, I have had many 
Y y conferences with the King of England, and 
his'minifters, in which I have been much prefled to re- 
prefent to your Majefty the ftate of affairs in this coun- 
try, and at the fame time to ailc fuch a fupply of money 
as may put the King of England in a condition to fupport 
himfelf, and not fink under the efforts which it is ex- 
pedited his enemies will make, as foon as an occafion of- 
fers. Lord Rochefler, Lord Sunderland, and Lord 
Godolphin, c^me to me together, and explained the 
need the King of England had of a prefent fupply, that 
is to fay, of a confiderable fum of money, in order to en- 
able him to conduQ: himfelf with a neceffary firmnefs 
towards his parliament, and not to grant any of thofe 
conditions prejudicial to his authority, which undoubt- 
edly will be propofed to him at granting the revenue 
which the deceafed King enjoyed. They told me the 
refolution was taken not to accept what the parliament 
would grant for a limited time, becaufe it v/ould 
eftablifli a neceffity of affembling the parliament, which 



would change the form of government, and render the 
King, their maftcr, entirely dependent on that aflembly. 
That rather than fall into this inconvenience^ it would 
be better to have recourfe directly to violent remedies; 
diflblve the parliament; and maintain himfelf by open 
force in the enjoyment of the revenues granted for life 
to the deceafed King of England ; that it ought not to 
be prefumed this can be done without oppofition, and 
they ought to be in a condition of oppofing inftantly 
the firil difturbances which Ihall be raifed :. That they 
cannot prevent them by levying frefh troops before the 
fitting of parliament, nor by bringing in a foreign force, 
which on the firft diflblution of the parliament would 
rather caufe a general revolt in England, than ferve 
to reduce the rebels; that thus the only remedy is> that 
his Britannic Majefty be in a condition of making one- 
grand effort, and of fupporting himfelf with a fum of 
money which would facilitate all his defigns ; on the 
contrary, if he mufl wait for the fupply he ftands in 
need of, the time will be gone before any advantages 
can be drawn from it, but which are undoubted, if the 
fupply be immediate. 

The three minifters enlarged upon the glory your 
Majefty would acquire by preferving the crown as yet 
but tottering on their mailer's head ; and omitted no 
reafons which could induce your Majefty to put him on 
a foot of owing the prefervation and happinefs of his 
reign to you. The conclufion was, they did not doubt 
but your Majefty would henceforth grant the fame fub- 
fidy to the King their mafter, which you had given to 
the deceafed King, and even not leflen the twolaft years 
of the three, as had been done ; that is to fay, a fubfidy 
of two millions per annum, for three years : That be- 
fides this fubfidy, it is abfolutely neceffary that your Ma- 
jefty fend here before the meeting of parliament a fund 
of two millions, which will make, with what remains of 
the old fubfidy, a fum of three millions : That the ftate 
of the King's affairs required no lefs a fupply ; and that 
your Majefty, by fhewing him afmcere and effeftual 
Vol. III. C " friendfhip. 


friendflilp, would do more by this prefent fupply, than 
by all that could be done hereafter. 

I fnewed my furprize at hearing the propofal of fo 
confiderable a fum, and of a regular fubfidy befides. I 
told them a lefTer demand would have been more proper 
in the beginning, fince they might be affured that your 
Majefty's air ftance would not be wanting in time of need; 
and they had already feen, that your Majeily had even 
prevented the demand that m-ighc have been made, as 
foon as vou believed his Britannic Majefty v/as in need: 
That, moreover, I did nor think it necefiary to regulate 
at prefent a fubfidy before it v.'as feen what would Iiaopen 
on the parliament's meeting, and without knowing if 
they were inclined to give the King of England the en- 
joyment of all the revenues during his life, in which cafe 
he would be in a condition to fupport himfelf more eafily, 
and maintain his authority. The reply to this was, that 
whatever might arife from parliam.ent, it was not to be 
expected that the King, their mafter, would be able to 
fubful: by himfelf in the manner he ought for his fafety; 
that it would be necelTary to make an augmentation of 
his troops, and put his fliipsin a good condition ; that his 
refolution was taken to remain always a'ltached to your 
Majevly, and therefore he v/as not afraid to afic a fubfidy 
for feme years, well knowing that your Majefly would, 
at all times, be contented with his conduft, and not re- 
pent putting it in his power todiew his gratitude. 

The fame day I had diis conference, the King of 
Jlngland took me into his clofet, and repeated to me 
what his miniflers had faid, adding every thing that 
cculd perfuade me of the mod: inviolable attachment to 
your Majefty's interefts. I told him, I could not fpeak 
to him, on the pare of your Majefty, upon what his 
minillers had fiid to me, not having forefeen it ; that I 
begged of him, in my own particular, to confider what 
your Majefty had already dene • o prevent his wants ; 
that 1 thought this proof fliouM rather lead him to leave 
your Majefty the choice of what you inclined to do, 
than to importune you for a large fum as a thing of abfo- 



iute neceflity ; that the fixing of a fubfidy appeared to 
•me to be premature ; and that an entire confidence in 
your Majelty would not lei's ens;3ge you than a precife 
and formal demand ; that I thought the manner in which 
your Majefty hadafted towards him, ought alfo to induce 
him to take different methods than are ordinarily 
praftifed ; and if I dared to advife him, I believed it 
would not be necefl'ary, in the beginning, to do any thing 
more than to eflablifh a reciprocal confidence, and an 
entire correfpondence upon future emergencies. 

The anfwer the King of England made, was, that he 
wauld think upon what I had faid ; that he would fpeak 
to me again fully, and that I fhould fee Lord Rochefter 
to agree with him on what would be moft proper at 
prcfent. I faw Lord Rochefter, and er.deavonred to 
perfuade him, that the demand of fo confiderable fum, 
joined to that of a fubfidy, would not have fo good 
an effeft with your Majeily, as being contented with re» 
prefenting the ftate of affairs, and then referring to what 
your Majefty may judge mod: fit to be done on your 
part ; that it behoved him, in the beginning of his mini- 
flry, to eflablifh an entire confidence between yourMa- 
jefly and the King, his mafter, and that nothing which 
•could be refufed, fliould be afeed ; that if I did not know 
his good intentions from a long experience, I fhould 
have believed that he had advifed fo great a demand 
with A view to throw your Majefty into the inconve- 
nience of refufing the firft thing his Britannick Ma- 
jefty had afked of you ; that he ought to believe I fpoke 
from myfelf and without orders, not having been able to 
forefee the affair in queftion would be agitated; that I 
loved more to prevent difficulties which might arife, 
than to give greater hopes here than they ought to ex- 

Lord Rochefter faid, he believed it unnecefTary to 
fpeak to me of his paft conduct, fince he and I had for 
four years managed alone, and without the participation 
of any other perfon, interefts fufficiently difficult to be 
reconciled ; that I was a witnefs of his conduct as long 
C z as 


as he had the confidence of the deceafed King of England; 
that he hoped I would do him the juftice to think I had 
never feen in him that incertainty and thofe changes fo 
frequent in the perfons who had preceded him in the 
management of affairs : that he did not pretend to be 
vain upon what had pafled during the iaft four years ; 
he believed the deceafed King of England had a6:ed very 
wifely and veryadvantageoufly for his interefts by unit- 
ing himfelf flrl6tiy with your Majedy ; that your Ma- 
jefty on your fide had found a facili':/ in the execution 
of all your defigns, to fay no more of the advantages of 
your a liance with the deceafed King ; that whilfl: the fi- 
nances were in his hands h^ let the payments of the 
fubfidies be juit as I pleafed, and by this means a whole 
year had pa (Ted over without any mention being made of 
the continuation of this fubfidy, although in this laft- 
year Luxembourg was taken, and the peace made in 
fuch a manner as your Majefty prefcribed to your ene- 
mies : that in all this he believed he had ferved his 
Rafter well, without having done any thing contrary to 
the interef^s of your Majefty ; that he therefore deferved 
to have confidence placed in him at prefent, and what 
he advifes fliould not be mif-interpreted : that he does 
not mean to leflen the opinion I may have of his own 
, credit, but that I knew the King his mafter, and clearly 
faw he a£ted in every thing of himfelf, and nobody 
knows better than he does the flate of his own affairs ; 
that his refolution was taken to live inviolably attached 
to your Majefly ; that there will be neither chanEje, nor 
wavering in his condutf, and that your Majefly might 
have a pofitive dependence upon him for the time to 
corne ; that with a prefent fupply, and the promife of a 
fubfidy, the King his mafler would be in a condition to 
repel the firfl efforts that can be made againfl him, and 
after being well eflablifhed at home, all his condii<9: 
will be directed abroad to preferve a fricndihip and pro- 
tection to which he will owe the prefervation and prof- 
perity of his affairs ; that as for himfelf I was well 
enough acquainted with him to know what he did not 



believe it was for his ma<ler's dignity or true interells to 
has;gfe with your A'lajefty, nor to afic of you three mil- 
lions to obtain two ; that the neceility was Dreffina;, and 
for a long time there had r.o- happened a conjunfiure pa- 
rallel to this ; that your Majefty enjoyed a glorious 
peace after having given repofe to Europe by a wifdom 
more worthy of admiration than your conquefts ; that he 
fincerely declared your Majefty's conduQ; in every thing 
deferved a profound veneration, and that nobody was 
more filled with it than himfelf ; that he hoped your 
Majefty would not diminifh anything of what was afked 
of you on an occafion where the King his mailer's all 
was at flake. 

Since that, I have had a long conference with the king 
of England, in which he explained to the bottom his de- 
ligns, and the ftate of his affairs ; he told me that he 
knew the averfion the people of England had to the ca- 
tholic religion, but with fupport from your Majefty he 
hoped to furmount this difficulty ; that his fole aim was 
to bring it about, and that he fufHcien-ly knew he 
could never be in entire fafety till the catholic religion 
was eftablifhed in England in fuch a manner as not to be 
ruined or deftroyed ; that this could not be done but 
with time, and by taking great precautions for the fu- 
ture ; that he had many views upon it, of which I 
fnould be informed when it was time ; that at prefent 
the bufmefs was to lay the foundations of his reign and 
to eftablifh himfelf; that the afliflance he ftood in need 
of had been explained to me ; that it was very oppofite 
to his inclination to make excefllve demands, but he alfo 
did nothefitate to expofe his neceflities to your Majefty, 
having firmly refolved to be all his life attached to your 
interefts. That when he knew v/hat he might certainly 
truft to, he would undertake things which he would 
not dare to think of, unlefs he be in a capacity to 
fupport them. That all your Majefty had done glo- 
rious for your perfon, and advantageous to your ftate, 
will not be more fo, than the confequ^nces of what 
your Majefty Ihall at prefent do in his favour, becaufe 
C 3 a prefent 


0. prefent fuppty, and the opinion already conceived 
of your Majefty's fupporting him, will put him in- a 
condition to bring all his defignS to fueceed. That he 
wilt conduci them with your Majefty's participation, 
and conformable to your intentions ; that the re-efta- 
blifhment of the catholic religion in England cannot fue- 
ceed but under your protedion, and by the help of your 
Majefty's fupplies ; that God has put you in a &zie of 
greatnefs and power, to which no King of France for 
many ages arrived, in order to your being the reftorer 
of religion in England. 

I told this Prince, that I would reprefent to your Ma- 
jefty what he had faid ; in the mean while I begged of 
him to refer himfelf towhat your Majefty might refolve, 
and not attach himfelf fo much to any precifc demand, as 
to hinder your Majefty from feeiug that he fubraits to 
your judgment and decifion the ccndufl: of an affair 
of fuch vveight, and v/hich requires fo much precaution^ 
and fo powerful an affiftance ; that I am fufficiently iir- 
fofmed your Majefty deftres nothing more than the re- 
cftabliftiment of religion in England; but that this iln- 
dertaking is full of difficulties, and will be ftrongly op- 
-pofed, if not condu6led with all poffible prudence ; 
that as this is what ought to be concerted' with your 
Majefty, and fuch folid mea fares taken as cannot fail, it 
is but juft to refer himfelf to your Majefty. 

Yefterday evening I again faw the King of England ; 
hehadprefledme to giveyourMajefty an account of what 
he faid to me, and told me that he fiiould wait with im- 
patience for your Majefty's determination, becaufe all' 
iiis condu6l will be directed by the refolution which 
your Majefty will take. 

I have had a long conference in private vvith Lord 
Sunderland; he appeared to me to be informed to the 
bottom of the intentions and defigns of the King bis 
Mafter. He believes him entirely refolved to attach 
himfelf to your Majefty, and to keep meafures with the 
Prince of Orange only as far as it is at prefent n'ecefl"ary not 
tofurnilh him with occafioas for making his ill will break 


la the Depot. 


forth. He told me, that thofe who were for reunituig 
the King of England and the Prince of Orange would 
be very glad that your Majefty fliould not do at prefent 
what the King of England defires of you, in order to 
be able hereafter to find fome means of making him 
lean to the Prince of Orange's fide, which will become 
entirely impoflible if your Majefty yields to what his 
Britannick Majefty at prefent expeQ:s from your friend- 

Several of Barillon's difpatches befides this one prove 
that James had formed a determined refolution to levy 
the late King's revenue, whether parliament fhould 
grant it or not. Barillon writes thus to his cou^t^ 
March i, 1686. *' Cependant la poffefTion fait une 
efpece de droit, et fa Majefte Britannique paroit fort 
refolu de s'y maintenir a quelque prix que ce loit." 
** PoflTeffion, however, gives a fort of right, ai:d his 
Britannick Majefty appears very refolved to maintain 
it, be the confequence what it will." On the g.h April, 
he writes thus to his court. " Li; Roycor':nue a "*^ ^^'"' 
agir avec beaucoup de fermete et d' hauteur, il ne me 
paroit point meme avoir d' Inquietude de 1' avenir, 
quand leparlement ne lui accord'-rcit les revenues dont 
le feu Roy fon frere jouifiljit, et fa refolution femble 
prife de s'y maintenir et d' en continuer la jouifTance." 
*' The King continues to a6: with much firmnefs and 
haughtinefs, he does not even appear uneafy for the fu- 
ture, even though parliament fhduld not grant him the 
revenues which the King his brother enjoyed, and his 
refolution feems determined, to maintain and continue 
the poffefTion of them." 

Even when James fubmitted to a£t by a parliament, 
he fcorned to court the members. Barillon writes thus 
to his court on the 30th of April, 1685. " Ce n'eft In the Depot. 
pas le chemin que ce Prince pretend tenir ; et rien n'eft 
plus oppofe a ce qu'il a deffein de faire, II aura une con- 
duite ferme et refolue. L' jntroduSion faite par le 
Comte de Danby d' acheter les voix du parlement a fi 
mal reufli, qu'on ne fonge plus 1 s'en fervir j et a dire 
C 4 la 


la verite, fi on recommenroit a le mettre en praflique 
on tomberoit dans les memes inconveniens. Le Roy 
d' Angleterre veut que fes affaires fefaffent, par la necef- 
fite ou le parlement fe trouvera de lui accorder ce qu'il 
eft refolue de prendre, fi on ne lui 1' accorde pas ; c'eft 
a dire les revenus dont le feu Roy jouilToii:." " This is 
not the road which this Prince intends to follow ; and 
nothing is more oppofite to what he defigns to do. He 
will keep a firm and refolute conduft. The method intro- 
duced by the Earl of Danby of buying votes in parlia- 
ment fucceeded fo ill, that it is no longer thought of, 
and to fpeak the truth, if it fliould again be attempted 
to be put in praftice, the fame inconveniences would 
attend it. The King of England wants to do his bufi- 
nefs by putting the parliament under a necefllty of 
granting him what he is refolved to take, if they do 
not; that is, the deceafed King's revenues." And on 
the 13th of December 1685, he writes thus: " Le 
grand treforier vaudroit auffi qu' on employat de 1' ar- 
gent a gagner des voix dans le parlement. Le Roy de 
la Grande Bretagne a de la repugnance a prendre ce 
chemin, ayant connu quels inconveniens il en eft arrive 
par le paffe, parceque tous ccux qui vouloient avoir de 
r argent ou des charges fe fignaloient contre la cour 
pour y parvenir." The Treafurer was alfo for employ- 
ing money to gain the votes in parliament. The King 
of Great Britain was againft taking this ftep, having 
. formerly known the inconveniences which happened 
from it ; becaufe all thofe who wanted money or pofts 
diftinguiflied themfelvcs againft the court to obtain 

Barillon's difpatch of the 30th of May 1685, men- 
tions that he had fome time before received a remit- 
tance of one million 500,000 livrcs, and that h'C had 
told King James it was to be employed in his fervice if 
needed. But Barillon's private inftru6lions were not 
to give it unlefs in the event of the King's diflblving 




his parliament, and being obliged to ufe force againd 
hislubjeds. For on the 17th of May 1685, Barillon 
writes thus: ** Votre Majefte me permet, parfaderni- 
ere depeche, de donner toute la fomme que je pourray 
avoir entre les mains, fi je vois le parlement cafle, et 
que le Roy d' Angleterre foit reduit a contraindre fes 
fujets par la force a fe foumettre." *' Your Majefty 
permits me, by your laft difpatch, to give all the fum 
that I may have in my hands, if I fee the parliament 
diUblved, and the King of England reduced to make 
his fubjeOis fubmit by force." 

It appears from Barillon's difpatch of the i6th of 
April 1685, that his objeds were to get the King to ^" ^^^ ^'^"' 
a.&. without parliaments, and tofeparate himfelf from 
Plolland, and that the lures he threw out were the afilft- 
ance of France to eflablifh the King's authority and 
the Roman catholic religion ; that James and lord 
Rochefter converted thefe lures into reafons for France's 
giving an immediate fupply of money ; but that Sun- 
derland (who probably faw better where France pointed) 
went farther, and direSlly propofed an alliance with 
France, and a total feparation from the Prinqe of 
Orange and the houfe of Auftria; and that Lord 
Godolphin in all thefe matters fleered a moderate 
courfe. In this difpatch he fays he had told James, 
that the intentions of France were" de 1' ayder a main- 
tenir fon autorite, et a etablir la religion catholique ; 
que ces chofes paroiffoient unies, et ne fe pouvoient , 

feparer ;" ** to affift him to fupport his authority, 

and eftablilTi the catholic religion ; that thefe things ap- 
peared united and unfeparable :" That James prefled 
for money from France faying he could not ob- 
ferve " une conduite ferme et haute, fi on n' eft bien 

affure d' un fecours qui ne puifle manquer ;" *« a 

firm and high conduct if he was not fecured of a fup- 
ply which could not fail :" And that lord Rochefter in 
afking money alfo from France for his mafter, ufed 
thefe words : " Qu'il etoit queftion prefentement 
4' etablir fon autoritCj et de donner une forme afture au 

ffouvernement ; 


A P P . E N D I X. 

ffouvernement ; qaeje connoilTois affez combien il ira- 
corte d' eire en etat icy, de donner la loy et non pas de 
la re^evoir." " That the queftion at prefent was, to 
eflahlilh his (i. e. the King's) authority, and give a 
hvm form to government ; ■ that I fufficiently knew of 
what itUpGrtance it was to be in a condition here of 
giving the law and not receiving it." 

The difpatch then relates the fentiments of lord Sun- 
derlacd and lord Godolphin, as follows : 

Extrait a' utu depeche de M. Banllon au Roy. 

Avril i6, 1685. 
*^ 1\ /rilord Sonderland a corapris d'abord qu'il etoit 
JlVA bien plus a propos de prendre des engagemens 
formels et reciproques ; que le Roy fon maitre doit re- 
cbercher tout ce qui lui peut aflurcr I' amitie de votre 
Majefte. II pofe pour un fondement aflure, que le par- 
lement, le Prince d' Orange, et la maifon d' Autriche 
doivent etre confideres comnie ayant des interefts infepa- 
rables, et qu'il eft impoffible de defunir ; qu' ainfi pour 
etre bien avec votre Majefle, il faut non feulement 
s'abftenir de toute liaifon ^veceux, mais meme s'en fe- 
parer avec eclat, et lever le mafque quand il en fera 
terns; c'eft adire, apresque le parlement aura accorde 
les revenus. je i'uis demeure dans une grande retenue 
fur les nouveaux engagemens qu' on pourroit prendre ; 
je me fuis contente d' infinuer la propofition que votre 
Majefte m'a ordonnede faire a cet egard, et j'ai cru de- 
voir la faire naitre plus con:;me une fuite naturelle de 
ce qui fe traitoif, que comme une ouverture de la part 
de votre Majefte. Milord Godolfin m'a parle dans le 
meme fens que milord Rochefter; quoiqu'il foit du fe- 
cret, il n'a pas grand credit, et fonge feulement a fe con- 
ferver par une co.:duite fage et moderee. Je re penfe 
pas que s'il en etoit cru, on prit des liaifons avec votre 



Majefte, qui pufient aller a fe paffer entierement de 
parlement, et a rompre nettement avec le Prirxe 
d' Orange. 


Extras of a df patch from Monf. de Barilhn to Louis 

the XlVth. ■ Different counfeh of Sunderland mid 


April 1 6, 1 68 5. 
*' T O R D Sunderland was direOily" of bpmioD, 
I . V that it was much more proper to take formal 
and reciprocal engagements ; that the King, his mafter, 
ought to court every thing which could enfure him of 
your Majefly's friendiTiip, he iixes it for a fundamental 
principle, that the parliament, the Prince of Orange, 
and the Houfe of Auftria ought to be confidered as hav- 
ing infeparable interefls, and that it is impoiTible to dif- 
unite them ; and that theretore to be well with your 
Majefty, it is necefiary not only to refrain from all al- 
liance with them, but even to feparate from them with 
eclat, and take off the mafk when it Ihall be time, that 
is to fay, when the parliament fliall have granted the 
revenues. I kept upon the referve concerning the new 
engagements which might be taken ; I contented myfelf 
with infmuating the propofition which your Majefty 
ordered me to make on that head, and thought it was 
better to let it arife as a natural confequence of what 
was treating, than as an overture on the part of your 
Majefly. Lord Godolphin talked to me in the fame 
ftile with Lord Rochefler ; though he be in the fecret, 
he has no great credit, and thinks only to keep him- 
felf in by a wife and moderate conduct. I do 
not think that if his opinion was trufted, that they 
would enter into engagements with your Majefly to go 
on entirely without a parliament, and to breal; totally 
with the Prince of Orange." 


After Monmouth's rebellion v/as quelled, and the 
parliament had fettled a vaft revenue upon James, he' 
ilill continued, as Barillon relates, to beg a fubfidy 
from France. A dlfpute between him and France, at 
this time, fiiews the minute attention of his genius to 
money. It was mentioned in chapter 3d of the Ap- 
pendix to the Review, that James, when Duke of 
York, had offered to lend his own money in France, 
as a mark of his confidence In Louis, and to facilitate 
a money treaty with his brother, vv^hich was then in 
profpeft. Barillon now writes, on the 1 3th of Sep- 
tember, 1685, that the Duke's money had been lent 
"out, in Courtin's name, to the Hotel de Ville at Paris, 
that James was dcmariding it from Courtin, that Cour- 
tin in accompting for the money, deduced ten or twelve 
thoufand livres becaufe the fund was fallen, but that 
James infilled the fum lent fhould be remitted without 
any deduftion. Barillon adds, *' II s'agit des dix ou 
douze milles francs de plus ou de moins. Cette perte 
quoigue modique feroit regar.le ici avec chagrrln, et 
commeun manque de confidera.ico pour fa Majefte Bri- 
tannique." " The difpute is about ten or twelve thou- 
fand livres, more or lefs. This lofs, ahhough mode- 
rate, would be looked upon here wi^h chagrine, and 
as a want of confideration for his Eritannick Majefty." 
About the fame time Barillon received orders from his 
court, to let James know, that they would give no fub- 
fidy at prefent, becaufe they thought he ilccd in no need 
of it. And Barillon writes, on the 25 th OQrober, 1685, 
that he had paid in all to James only 800,000 livres. 

The remittances from France above-mentioned, did 
not efcape the vigilance of Lord Prefton, the King's 
ambaffador at Paris, who had been kept ignorant of 
them by both courts. Among Lord Preflon's letters 
there is the following one. 



Lord Prejhn to Y^lng- 'James. Jdvifes him of remit- 
tances cf money from France to England. Speaks of 

French parliamentary penf oners in the late reign. 

A private advice to the King. 

Paris, April 28, S. N. 1685. 
'« "^/"OUR Majefly may be pleafed to remember, in Mr. Gra- 

¥ that fome weeks fmce I acquainted you with ham's poiieirion. 
an advice which I had received, that a confiderable 
fum of money was returned from hence into England 
immediately after the death of the late King ; I am 
now. Sir, afiured of the truth of it, and that it was 
remitted by the court banquier, Monf. Grufle. I can- 
not poflibly aflj^n the fum to your Majefty, but by con- 
jedures, which are fomething probable, it fhould have 
been about a million of this money, which is about 83 
or 84000 pounds of ours. I know alfo that one of 
Monf. Grufle's fervants went about that time into Eng- 
land, he being not willing, as is likely, to have trufted 
fuch an affair to the ordinary poft. That I might have 
better grounds for v/hat I inform your Majefly of, I 
have privately informed myfelf by fome banquiers how 
the exchange went about that time betwixt London and 
this place, and they all agree, that fome weeks after 
the King's death, the exchange fell confiderably, be- 
caufe that the great neeed which they who remitted the 
money had of bills, obliged them to take them at any 
rate. But the remitting was quickly at a flop, and in 
eight or ten days the exchange mounted to its ordinary 
train. I will not prefume to write my conjectures to 
your Majefly for what ufe this money may be defigned, 
and I wifh and hope, with all my heart, that my jea- 
loufies may be vain. But, perhaps, your Majefly will 
think fit to have an eye that no praflices may be fet on 
foot with our new members of parliament. I hope, 
however, no great ill of that kind can be done, fince, 



by good fortune, we fhall have very few of their old 
penfioners amongfl us." 

Soon after this, fames renewed the defenfive treaty 
with the Dutch, and Bariilon, in his letters of 26th 
November, and 13th December, 1685, imputes it to 
France's having refufed him the fubfidy he aiked. In 
the laft of thefe etters he represents James as extreme- 
ly out of humour with France on this account, and that 
he talked of holding the balance of power in his 

Thefe things created a coldnefs for fome time between 
France and Jaraes. During this interval James applied 
to the court of France in defence of the principality of 
Orange ; but Louis and his minifters treated his appli- 
cation with a haughty difregard. 

Xhere are the following letters on this fubjeO; in King 
William's box. 

Jjcrd Sjunderland to the Prince of Orange. The King 

inter pojes about t^ie prifidpality of Orange, 

** IT Have received the lionour of your Highnefs's 
_J^ letter of the 30th of January, upon which the 
King commanded me to write to Sir William Trumball, 
and I did fo, in the following words. ** His Majefty 
would have you let Monfieur de Croifly know, that he 
cannot think that the anfwers you have received upon 
your memorials and inflances conc^ning the proceedings 
at Orange, are fuch as he ought to be fatisfied with ; 
and that therefore his Majefty hopes the moH Chrifiian 
King will, upon further confideration, have more re- 
gard to the inflances his Majefty has made in behalf of 
the Piince of Orange's jufl: pretenfions." This the 



King commanded me to write as being fit, though he 
does not expeO; much from it. The greateft happinefs 
I can ever propofe to myfeif, is to be able to ferve your 
Highnefs on this or unf other occafion, by which you 
might fee with liow much zeal and refpe^, I am 
Your Highnefs's 
Whitehall, Mc{k faithful, moft humble, 

Jan. 26, 1685-6. And mofl bbedient krv ant, 


Extras of feveral letters from Sir WiUiam Trumb&U at 

Paris. Concerning his Application in favour of the 

principality of Orange. 

December 5, 16S5. 
HAVE communicated the affair of the princi- 
pality of Orange to the Dutch Ambaflador, and 
received an account from him. of the feveral inftances he 
has made from time to time to this court, but without 
any efFeQ:. The fame day I entered into that matter with 
Monf. de Croifly, who told me, that the Moft Chrifti- 
an King had fent orders to Monfieur BarlUon to fpeak 
with his Majefty about it : that he could give me no 
other anfvver than what he had often given to the Dutch 
ambaflador and others, .which was, that the King ac- 
knowledged no fovereignty there ; that although he 
had left the Prince of Orange for fome time in quiet, fo 
long as his conducl might deferve it, yet now bavins; 
oppofed his Moft Chriftian Majefty fo openly, he did not 
think fit to keep any longer the fame meafures, and that 
all was now done there, his troops being come away.. 
When I urged the treaty of Nimeguen, by which the 
Prince of Orange v/as reftored to his faid principality, 
with all the rights, &c. in the fame condition and the 
fame manner that he had enjoyed before ; and that I de- 
fired the Moft Chriftian King to confider further, the 
near alliance between his Majefty and the Prince ot 
Orange, obliged his Majefty to interpofe in a matter of 


December iz 


fuch confequence; he replied, that he would fpeak to 
the King of it, and reprefent what I had faid." 

" As to the affair of Orange, he faid, this King 
could give me no other anfwer, than to the fame 
purp.ofe he himfelf had given me before, that all was 
now done there, and-the troops come away ; that this 
King refolving to have but one reUgion in his country, 
thought himfelf obliged, in confcience and juftice, to 
take order for their converfions in that place as he had 
done in others ; which being done, the temporal jurif- 
di6tion was left in the fame condition that it was before. 
That he hoped the King, my mafter, would be fatisfied 
with this anfwer, and not interpofe in a thing wherein 
he had no intereft, but leave this King free to do as he 
thought fit in his own dominions. 

This was the fubftance of his anfwer ; adding, that 

the right of fovereignty did not belong to the Prince of 

Orange, but to the houfe of Longueville, which the 

King had taken care to put into a courfe of trial before 

a competent judicature, and would be determined in 

due time." 

" I gave in yeflerday feveral memorials : That con- 
January a. b J J ry . 

cerning the Prince of Orange, Monf de Croiffy feem- 

ed extremely to refent, that his Majefty fhould again 
interpofe in a matter, which, he faid, did not at all con- 
cern him." 
, " The anfwer I received yefterday about the princi- 

pality of Orange, is, in all refpeSs, the fame I had 
before, whereof having given your Lordfliip an ac- 
count at large, I need not repeat any part of it. The 
King's troops are come again into that town (as your 
Lordfhip will find by the extract I fent the laft port) and 
the minifters ftill detained in prifon, which proceeding 
is more rigorous than the others received here, all the 
minifters being ordered to go out of the kingdom, which 
is what thofe of Orange defire." , 



Lord Sunderland to the Prince of Orange. On the 


Whitehall, February I2th, 1685-6. 
*' T Have acquainted the King with what your High- 
]^ nefs was pleafed to write me in your letter of" 
the 12th : upon which his Majefty <:ommanded me to 
fend your Highnefs a copy of Sir William Trumbairs 
laft memorial ; and to affure your Highnefs, that his 
Majefty has done what he could poflibly think fit to do 
in this affair of Orange, towards your fatisfaftion, hav- 
ing fpoke to the ambafTador of the French King here, 
as warmly as his envoy had order to fpeak there ; and 
he does now defire to know what your Highnefs would 
have done farther, being very intent upon doing all he 

It is a great mortification to me, that a bufinefs 
which pafies through my hands, and that is of fo great 
concern to your Highnefs, Ihould have fuch ill fuccefs. 
If any pains or endeavours of mine could contribute to 
your fervice, I Ihould think them well employed, wifli- 
ing for nothing fo much in the world as to be able to let 
your Highnefs fee how zealoufly and how truly I am^ 

Your Highnefs's 

Moft faithful, moft humble, 
And obedient fervant, 


¥oL, IIL D Kxtragf 


ExtraSf of a letter from Sir William Trumbull to Lord 
Prefident Sunderland.— On the fame fubjeSf. — France 
refufes fatisfaSiion. 

Paris, Feb. 17-27, i685--6. 
"Onfieur de Croifiy continues flill indifpofed 
with the gout, and yeflerday gave audi- 
ence in his bed concerning the memorial I had prefent- 
^d about Orange, He told me he had reprefented it to 
the King, who continued ftill in his former refolution, 
that he acknowledged no fovereignty of Orange to be- 
long to the Prince, and that although, for fome reafons, 
he did forbear to have that right adjudged, yet that it 
ivas his inconteftibly, and that he had no othe:r a'nfwer 
to give me ; adding this late occafion of difpleafure, 
by reafon of the Prince's refufal to deliver the children 
of one Monf. Bofe (a counfellor of the parliament of 
Tholoufe,' and formerly of the proteftant religion, but 
lately changed). MonC Bofe had fent his children thi- 
ther, intending afterwards to efcape himfelf: But fince 
he made inftances by Monf. d'Avaux to have them fent 
back, which, be faid, the Prince denied, and inflfted 
farther to keep what money they had brought with 
them, as a provifion and fubfiflance for them. He told 
me the King had given orders to flop the Prince's re- 
ceiving any part of his revenue? of Orange, till he 
had given fatisFaSiion in this matter." 

James, however, being bent upon the eftablifhment 
of popery and of his own power at home, refifted, 
during his whole reign, the endeavours of the Prince 
of Orange to engage him in meafures or alliances hoftile 
to France. The following, among other letters from 
liim to the Prince of Orange, in King William's box, 
fiiew how dcjicrmined he was upon peace with France j 
• • and 


and that the only war he approved of was againfl thq 

yames the lid to the Prince of Orange. — Deftrcus of peace 
in Europe. 

Windfor, September i, 1685. 
f /'^N Saturday laft I had yours of the 30th of Au- 
\^ guft and the 3d of September both together ; 
by the firft of which, I find, you then had received an 
account of the good news from Hungary, which was 
as welcome to me as any body ; and I make no doubt 
will contribute as much to the peace and quiet of Eu- 
rope, as the good condition it has pleafed God to put 
my affairs in ; and I am fure I will ftill do my part, that 
the peace Chriftendom now enjoys may be continued. 
I have not time to fay more now, but that I {hall flill 
be as kind to you as you can defire." 

James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Deftrous of 

peace in Europe, and of friendjhip with the States. 

Whitehall, November 6, 1685. 
'^' T HAVE had yours of the 9th from Loo, and 
I am glad to find you fo well fatisfied with the ac- 
count you had from the ambafladors, and I fhall ftill do 
my part to preferve peace in Chriftendom, and the 
good underftanding which is betv/een the States and me. 
As for news, there is little ftirring here. On Monday 
the parliament is to fit. I have fo much bufinefs now 
upon my hands, that you muft not wonder if my letters 
be not longer ; and you may be aflured you fhall al- 
ways find me as kind to you as you can defire. 
For my fonne, the Prince of Orange.'* 

D 2 James 



James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Anxious to 

preferve peace. 

Whitehall, February 2, 1685-6. 
"HAVE had yours of the 5th, in which you fay, 
fome, where you are, begin to be alarmed at a 
voyage the King of France is to make this fpring. All 
that \ can fay upon it is, that I dp not think he v/ill 
do any thing to drfturb the peace of Chrifl:e^domforfeve- 
. ral reafons, and his minifters here fay it alfo ; and I do 
what I can to let them fee the inconveniencies that may 
happen to their mailer, fhould he begin a war, and 
will flill do what is in my power to prevent it. As for 
news, the Duke of Grafton had this morning the mif- 
fortune to kill Jack Talbot, the Earl of Shrewfbury's 
brother ; it was Talbot gave the firft offence, and fent 
the challenge, as I am told. The Duke of Grafton is 
withdrawn, and I have not heard what the Coroner's 
inqueft have found it. It is late, and 1 have not time to 
fay more, but that I fnall always he as kind to you as 
you can defire. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Oran2;e." 

King- James to the Prince of Orange. -On the fame 


"Whitehall, February 16, 1686. 
*' 1" HAD yours of the 19th by the letters which 
^ came on Friday lad, but fo late that I had not 
then time to anfwer it, I fee by it, you have flill fome 
apprehenfions, as if France intended, by themfelves, or 
fome of their allies, to interrupt the peace of Chrif- 
tendom ; I confefs I hardly believe it, I am fure I hope 
they will not, and they endeavour to perfuade me they 
have peaceable intentions. As for news, there is little 
{lirring here, and b^fides I am galled away to go to the 



play, fo have not time to fay more, but that you fhaij 
ever find me very kind to you. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King James to the Prince of Orange. — Is not jnoved by 
French encroachments, — Dejires only war againji the 

Whitehall, Oaober 19, i685. 
" TT Have now tvi^o of yours to anfwer ; the firft of 
\ the 14th, which I had by Mr. Skelton, and the 
other of the i 7th, which I had not time to anfwer by 
the laft pofl ; fince when I have got a blow with a twig 
in my left eye, as I was a-hunting on Saturday laftj 
which made my eye a little fore, and though it be now^ 
God be thanked, pretty well, yet I dare not write 
much ; fo that all I fhall fay upon what you fay, as to 
the affair of Namur and Hunningueiij is, that as to the 
firfl, the Spaniards have had a very civil and fatisfaftory 
anfwer to it ; fo that that is at an end. For the other, I 
do not think it of fuch confequence, as. to the Germans^ 
as to fet all Chriftendom in a flame, except that they 
have a mind to fall upon France ; and I am ftill of the 
fame mind I was to do my part, that there may be no 
war but agalnft the Turk. You Ihall always find me 
as kind to you as you can dfefire. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

^^'^g 'James to the Prince of Orange. To the fame 

pu pofe. 

Whitehall, March 8, 1687. 

Have now received yours of the nth from J)ie- 

ren, and by it find you expeded my daughter 

there with you that night. I fuppofe you have by this 

feen the anfwer the emperor's envoy in France had to 

the memorial he gave in to that King, by which you 

D 3 wili 



will fee the truce is not like to be broken, (o that the 
war againft the Turk may be ftill carried on. I fhall 
Hill do my part to preferve the peace of Chriflendom. 
It is late, fo that I have not time to fay any more, but 
that I fhall always be as kind to you as you can defire. 
For my fonrxe, the Prince of Orange." 

King 'James to the Prince of Orange. — h deftrous to gud" 
rantee the twenty ye'ars truce. 

Whitehall, May 10, 1687. 
^' TT Have had yours of the 13th, by which I findj; 

^ that you in Holland are not alarmed at the King 
of France's journey to Luxembourg. Thofe who are 
jealous of it, will, I am confident, be foon out of 
their pain. I fuppofe Mr. Dyckvelt will give you an 
account of two memorials have been given me, the 
one by the Cotant Caunitz, and the other by the Spa- 
nifti ambaflador, both of them to defire me to endea- 
vour to perfuade the King of France to let me be gua- 
rantee of the truce. You may be fure I will do my 
part to perfuade the King to it, finee nothing can con- 
tribute more than that to contimle the peace in Chrif- 
tendom. I have not time to fay more, but that you fhall 
ftill find me as kind as you can defire. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King fames to the Prince of Orange. — Rejoices atfuccefs 
againji the Turks. — Intent on the peace of Chrijlendom. 

Windfor, September 10, 1687. 
" T" Received yours of the 15th juft before I left the 
X Bath, but coming then away for this place, I 
could not let you know it fooner. I have had a full 
account of what has pafled in Flungary, and hope by 
the next letters from thence to hear what advantage the 
Germans have made of their vidory, and that at leaft 



ihey will get good winter quarters by it. The good 
fuccefs the Venetians have had in the Morea, will^ 
I hope, alfo have a good effect as to the peace of Chrif- 
tendom, which is what I always fo much defire fliould 
be continual. I came to this place on Saturday, and 
hunted in my way to Winchefter hither, had a very 
good chace^ and got to my journey's end before night. 
The Queen is yet at Bath, and will come from thence 
fo foon as Ihe has ufed the remedies there as long as ufu- 
ally they do. This place affords no news, and fo have 
no more to fay, but that you fhall flill find me kind to 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

There are in King William's box the following let- 
ters from King James to the Prince of Orange, con« 
cerning the profecution of the Duke of Monmouth's 
adherents. , ^ 

"James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Calls the 

Wejlern circuit 'Jeff'erys's campaign. 

Windfor, September lo, 1685. 
Received yours of the 1 3th fo late on Tuefday 
lad, that I had not then time to let you know 
I had it, by which, I find, you were well fatisfied 
with the review you had made of your troops. I have 
now but little news to tell you, all things being verv 
quiet at prefent here, though the prelbyterian and re- 
publican party are flill very bufy, and have as much 
mind to rebel again as ever. Lord Chief Juftice is mak- 
ing his campaign in the weft, and when the parliament 
meets, fome of the peers which are in caftody v^^iU be 
tried. I intend to go to Winchefter on Monday next, 
and from thence to Portfmouth, and to be back here 
the Saturday following, which is all I have to fay now, 
but that you fhall always find me to be as kind to you 
as you can defire." 

D 4 Jam^s 

56 A P P E ]Sr D I 5^, ' 

fames the Second to the Prince of Orange. — Calls the Wejl- 
em circuit Jefferys's campaign. — Enumerates the detail 
of fever ities. 

WIndfor, September 24, 1685. 
" OtiNCE I came back, from Winchefter I received 
^]^ yours of the 21ft from Loo, by Mr. Sidney, 
and having been a fox-hunting on Tuefday laft, ' had 
not then time to let you know it: I was this day again 
at the fame fpwt, the weather being now very proper 
for it, having ended flag-hunting the day I returned hi- 
ther. As for news there is little ftirringj but that Lord 
Chief Juftice has almofl done his campaigne ; he has 
already condemned feveral hundreds, fome of which 
are already executed, more are to be, and the others 
fent to the plantations ; which is all I have now time 
to tell you, but that I fliall always be as kind to you as 
you can defire. 

fames lid to the Frinee of Orange. — Inter efts hijnfelf for 
Orange. — Intends to get Saixjion pilloried by one trial and 
hanged by another. 

Whitehall, January 15, r686. 
•^^ TT Charged my daughter by the laft poft, to let you 
a know, how I came not to write to you theuj, 
in anfwer to yours of the 1 1 th, fince when I have had 
yours of the i8th, and you may eafily believe I am for- 
ty Sir William Tfumbul has had no better an anfwer 
to the memorial he gave in concerning the affair of 
Oran|e ; I fliall ftill continue doing my part in preffing 
it. Lord Delamer was tried yefterday, and quitted by 
his p^ers, he had good luck, as well as ju{f judges, that 
the only pofitive witnefs which came in againft him, was 
proven to have fworn falfely, for though the reft o!: 
the evidence againil him was only hear-fays, yet all the 
world was fatisfied, he did defign ta have rifeii with 



Lord Macklesfield and Lord Brandon. As for Saxfton, 
which was the perjured witnefs againiT: Lord Delamer, 
I have ordered he fhall be firft profecuted for perjury, 
that he may keep company with Oates, and then after 
he has flood in the pillory^ to be tried for being with 
the Duke of Monmouth in arms." 

King y antes to the Prince of Orange. Complains of the 

Prince for giving refuge to the rebels in Holland. 

Whitehall, March 7, 1686. 
" T Would not let this bearer return into Holland 
J[. without writing to you by him, and muft need 
tell you that it does really feem llrange to me that fo 
many of the rebels fhould be connived at Amflerdam, 
and other towns in Holland, and other of the provin- 
ces, and permitted to live fo publicly as they do : I 
have charged the bearer to fpeak to you more at large 
tipon this affair, which is of great concern to me ; for 
fo long as thofe rebellious people are permitted to flay 
there, they will flill have the opportunities of corref-* 
ponding with the difaflfediled here and flirring them up 
to fedition, whereas if they were driven out of the fe- 
ven provinces, they could not be fo dangerous. Pray 
eonfider of this, and how important it is to me, to have 
thofe people deftroyed : but of this and what elfe I have 
to fay mufl refer it to this bearer, and to afTure you, you 
ihall always find me as kind to you as you can defire." 

King fames to the Prince of Orange. — Pleafed that the 
rebels are to be expelled from Holland. — Is to make an 
encampment at HounJJow. 

Whitehall, May 7, 16860 
HEN I came from Newhall on.Tuefday 
night, where I had been a-flag-hunting and 
had very good fport, I found both yours of the 7th and 



58 A P P E N D I 5i. 

icsth here, by the lafl: of which I find the States of 
Holland had agreed to comply with the treaties in ba- 
nilhing out of their provinces thofe of my rebellious 
fubje£ts, which have fheltered themfelves fo long there ; 
and by what you fay make no doubt but that the States 
General will do the like, and I am fure you will do your 
part to have it effe6tually put in execution, it being a 
thing of the laft confequence for the peace and quiet 
of my kingdoms to have thofe turbulent men driven 
out of the feven provinces, for when once removed 
from thence, they can do no mifchief, tho' the repub- 
lican fpirit increafes -every day amongft us here ; but 
' ihould they be but conived there, they would flill be 
contriving new defigns to difturb me, for that reftlefs 
and rebellious party will never be quiet. I am now pre- 
paring to go to Windfor next week, for moft of the 
Summer, and on the 20th of this month I am to have 

twelve battalions of foot encamped on Houndflo^-heath, 


as for the horfe and dragoons I do not intend to have 
them there till the middle of next month ; as for the 
news you had out of Spain as if the French fquadron 
was arrived in the bay of Cadiz, it was a miftake, for 
I have a frigate, newly come from thence, in a fort- 
night's time, that faw none of them there when he fail- 
ed thence. By the lafl letters from Paris I hope that 
affair will be accommodated, which is all I Ihall fay 
now, but that you fhall ever find me as kind to you as 
you can defire." 

King James to the Prince of Orange.' To the fame 

pitrpofe. . 

Windfor, May 18, 1686. 

" OjINCE I wrote to you by the laft poft I have had 

l3 three, the one by the poft of the 21ft, by 

which I find the States General had refolved to banifh 

my rebellious fubjeds out of the feven provinces, and I 



make no doubt of your doing your part to have it ptit 
in execution, fince you know of how great concern it 
is to me, to have thofe feditious people fent away from 
thence. I have another letter from you from captain 
Steuart of an older date, and one from you alfo by M. 
General Mackay, with whom I have fpoken fully with, 
upon all the feveral heads you charged him to fpeak with 
me of, and to affure you that I eafily believe all he has 
faid to me from you, and you need not fear that it is 
in any body's power to do you ill offices with me. As 
for what concerns the brigade of my fubjefts which are 
with you, he will give you a particular account, of 
what paft between us upon that fubjefit. Having not 
time now to do it myfelf, nor to fay any more, but 
that you Ihall always find me as kind to you as you can 

Barillon in his difpatch of the 26th of July 1685, 
fays that he faw the Duke of Monmouth pafs through ^nthe A^.% 
the apartments of the palace to his interview with the 
King ; that his arms were tied behind, .but his hands 
free ; that none but the two fecretaries of ftate were pre- 
fent at the interview ; and in his letter of the 30th of 
July, that the Duke gave no information againfl: the 
Prince of Orange. 

Barillon fays, that the Duke in the Tower defired to 
fee his Dutchefs, that fhe refufed unlefs Lord Clarendon 
fhould be prefent, and that when fhe went, the conver- 
fation was ** aigre de part et d' autre." " Sharp both on 
the one fide and the other." 

In the Memoirs to which the prefent papers are an 
appendix, there is an anecdote related upon tradition of 
King James's having paid a vifit to the Dutchefs of 
Monmouth on the morning of her hufband's execution, 
and left with her a grant of his forfeiture. Barillon's 
difpatch of the 17th of June i685, confirms one part In tktDefot. 



of the flory. It contains thefe words, " Touts les biens 
de M. le Due de Monmouth en EcofTe et en Angleterre 
lui (/. ^.the Dutchefs) ont ete rendu." " All the Duke 
of Monmouth's eflate in Scotland and England has been 
reftored to his Dutchefs." 


P P E N D I X. 6r 


UPON the defeat of Monmouth's rebellion, King 
James became intoxicated with his profperity. 
Inftead of difbanding his army he encamped it on Hounf- 
low-Heath, and refolved to make it the great inftrument 
of his power. 

Barillon's difpatches are firewn thick with the ex- 
preflions of an arbitrary difpofition, which flew from 
James when he felt himfelf no longer under any con- 

The rebellion was no fooner begun than Barillon In 
his letter of the 25 th of June 1685, informed his court in the De^t, 
of the ufe which James was to make of it. The words 
of the difpatch are: " II me paroit que le Roy d' An- 
gleterre, a ete fort aife d' avoir une pretexte de lever 
des troupes, et qu'il croit que I'entreprife de M. le Due 
de Monmouth ne fervira qu' a le rendre plus maitre de 
fon pays." ** It feems to me that the King of England 
is very glad to have a pretence for raifing troops, and 
he believes that the Duke of Monmouth's enterprize 
will ferve only to make him ftill more mafter of his 

On the 30th of July 1685, Barillon writes thus to 
his court : ** Le projet du Roy d'Angleterre eft d'abolir in the Depot. 
entierement les milices, dont il a reconnu I'inutilite et 
le danger en cette derniere occafion, et de faire s'il eft 
poflible, que le parlement etablifle le fond deftine pour 
les milices a I'entretien des troupes reglees. Tout cela 
change entierement I'etat de ce pays ici, et met les An- 
glois dans une condition bien differente de celle ou ils 
ont ete jufques a prefent. lis le connoiffent, et voyent 
bient qu'un Roy de differente religion que celle du pays, 
et qui fe trouve arme, ne renon9era pas aifement aux 
avantages que lui donne la defaite des rebelles, et les 



troupes qu'il a fur pled." ** The King af England';? 
fcheme is to abolifli the militia entirely, the ufeleffnefs 
and danger of which he found on this laft occafion, and 
if poffible to make the parliament apply the fund in- 
tended for the militia, to maintain the regular troops. 
' All this entirely changes the ftate of this country, and 

puts the Englifh in a different condition from what they 
have been in till now. They know it, and perceive 
very well that a King of a different religion from that 
of the country, and who is armed, will not eafily re- 
nounce thofe advantages which the defeat of the rebels, 
and the troops he has on foot, give him." 

On the 6th of Augufl 1685., Barillon writes to his 
court thus : 'f Le Roy d'Angleterre m'a dit, que quoi 
qu'il arrive, il confervera les troupes fur pied, quand 
meme le parlement ne lui donneroit rien pour les en- 
tretenir. II connoit bien, que le parlement verra raal 
volontiers cet etablifTementj, mais il veut etre affure du 
dedans de fon pays, et il croit ne le pouvoir etre fans 
cela." " The King of England told me, that let 
what would happen he would keep the troops on foot, 
even though the parliament fhould not give him any 
thing towards their maintenance. He knows very well 
the parliament will very unwillingly fee this eftablifh- 
ment ; but he wants to be fure of himfelf at home, and 
believes be cannot be fo without it." 

■On the 8th of July 1686, Bariilon writes, " II 
careffe beaucoup les officiers de fcs troupes, et s'expli- 
que affez ouvertement, qu'il n'en confervera point donfe 
il ne fe croit entierenient affure." " He careffes the 
oncers much, and explains himfelf openly enough, 
that he will keep none but thofe on whom he may en- 
tirely depend," 

King James could not conceal even from the Prince 
of Orange thepleafure which he felt from the encamp- 
ment of his army at Hpunflow, 

P P E N D I X, 63 

King yames to the Prince of Orange. 

Windfor, June 29, 1689- 
Was forry to find by yours of the 2d of July, tha^ 
you had had fore eyes, but am very, glad to find 
it now over, and had lafted but fo fhort a time ; I be- 
lieve it was the extreme heats which caufed it. All the 
troops I intended to have at Hounflow are now camped 
there, in the new camp I defigned they fhould be ; they 
continue very healthy there, having been but four bu- 
ried fince the firfl: camping of the foot upon that heath. 
I was there yefterday and faw them for the firft time in 
battalle altogether; they are all good men, and the 
horfe and dragoons well mounted, and very orderly„ 
To-morrow the Queen's and my daughter are to dine 
with me at the camp. I have not time to fay more, the 
poft being ready to go, but affure you of my being as 
kind to you as you can defire. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 


On the 29th of October 1685, Barillon writes to 
his court. *' II (James) ajouta, que fon deffein etoit 
de faire reyoquer par le parlement 1' A£te du Tefte, et 
FAiEle de Habeas Corpus ; dont I'un eft la deftruStion 
la religion catholique, et I'autre de I'autorite royale." " He 
(James) added, that his defign was to make the parlia- 
ment revoke the Tell A£t, and the Habeas Corpus z6k ; 
one of which was the deflruction of the catholic reli- 
gion, and the other of the royal authority." 

On the loth of December 1685, Barillon repre- Imht Depots 
fents the fentiments both of Charles and James upon 
the habeas corpus aO:, that great charter of Englifli li- 
berty : *' Le feu Roy d'Angleterre, et celui cy, m'ont 
fouvent dit, qu'un gouvernement n? peut fubfifter avec 
une telle loy." '* The deceafed King of England, 
and the prefent one, have often faid to me, that a o-q- 
^/^rnment could not fubfifl: with fuch a law." 


64 A P* P E N D I X. 

Tames had the idea of converting even his fleet into 
IxitheDefoi. an inftrument of his power at home. Barillon writes 
thus to his court on the 19th December, 1686. *" Le 
Roy d' Angle terre continue a faire travailler avec foin au 
re-eftabliffement de fes vaifleaux. II n'y a nulle appa- 
rence que ce foit dans le deffein de faire une guerre au 
dehors ; mais ce Prince eft perfuade, qu'il eft fort con- 
veoable a fes interets de remettre la marine de I'Angle- 
terre en meilleur etat qu'elle n'etoit, et qu'il viendra 
bien plutot a bout des chofes qu'il defire de fes peuples, 
quand ils le verront avoir une armee et une flotte prete 
pour fe faire obeir au dedans, et pour empecher que les 
faflieux ne puiflent recevoir des fecours confiderables du 
dehors, fi les affaires venoient au point d'une rupture 
ouverte dans le dedans de I'Angleterre." *' The King 
of England continues to carry on the refitting of his 
ihips with diligence. There is no appearance that this 
is defigned for a foreign war ; but he is perfuaded, that 
it is very neceflfary for his interefts to put the marine of 
England in a better ftate than it was, and that he Ihall 
much fooner gain what he defires from his people, when 
they fee he has an army and fleet ready to make himfelf 
obeyed at home, and to prevent the fa£l:ious from re- 
ceiving any confiderable afliftance from abroad, if aflairs 
fhould come to t;he point of an open rupture in Eng- 

is the Dtpot. ^" ^^^^ ^9^^^ °^ l^^y 1686, Earillon writes to his 

court, " Le Roy d'Angleierre temoigne ouvertement 
fa joye de fe trouver en etat de faire des coups hardis et 
d'autorite. II recoit avec plaifir les complimens qu'on 
luifait fur cela. II m'en a fort parle, et m'a fait enten- 
dre qu'il ne fe relachera point." The King of England 
openly fhews his joy at fiiiuing himfelf in 3 condition to 
ftrike bold 3nd authoritative ftrokes. He receives with 
pleafure the compliments which are made him upon it. 
He has fpoken much -to me about it, and given me to 
underftand that he will not relax." 



Lord Rochefter faw too late the confequences of the 
(iodrine of the King's independefnce upon parlia- 
ment, with which he had flattered him in the firft 
months of his reign ; and wifhed, but in vain, to re- 
pair the mifchief. Barillon, on the iith March 1686, 
relates a converfation between the King and Lord Ro- 
chester on this head : " Que fon fentiinent etoit tou- 
jours, qu'on Rov d'Angleterre etoit bien plus confidera- 
ble, et bien plus heureux, quand il eloit d'occord avec 
fon parlement, et qu'il pouvoit en tirer les fecours dont 
il a befoin." Sa Majefte Britannique a repondu, " Que In the tief^. 
fon fentiment etoit, que le parlement d'Angleterre feroit 
plus foumis, et plus difpof6 a fe bien conduire quand il 
verroit que fans Ton fecours on feroit venu a bout de tant 
des chofes importantes ; et que fa refolution etoit de ne 
pas regner precairement." ** That he (i. e. Rochefter) 
always thought a King of England was much more con- 
fiderable, and much more happy, when he was upon a 
good footing with his parliament, and that he could 
draw from them what fupplies he flood in need of." 
His Britannick Majefty anfwered, " That he was of 
opinion, the parliament of England w^ould be more 
fubmiflive, and more difpofed to behave well, when they 
/aw that vi?ithout their alTiftance, fo many matters of 
importance could be cflfe^uated ; and that his refoluti- 
on was, not to reign precarioufly." 

Barillon, in the 29th of November 1685, to his Inthe2?^/>of, 
court, defcribes thus the external manner of James, 
when Tie prorogued his parliment. ** Le prince repon- 
dit aufli avec des marques de fierte et de colere fur le 
vifage, que faiffoit affex connoitre fes fentimens." 
" This Prince gave his anfwer likewife with marks of 
haughtinefs ^nd anger upon his face, which made his 
fentiments fufficiently be known." 

There is in King William's box, the following letter 
from the King to the Prince of Orange upon this pro- 

Vol. in. E Janus 


James the lid to the Prince of Orange.- — Complains of par- 

Whitehall, Dec. i, 1685. 
" 'W Have had yours of the 4th, in which you write 
J^ to me about your concerns of Orange. I had 
this day anaccount from Sir William Trumbull, that he 
had fpoken to Monfieur de CroifTy about it, according 
to his orders, and I (hall by the next order him to infift, 
and prefs it ftill, and will alfo fpeak this night' to Mr. 
Barillon about it, and will continue doing my part that 
you may have fatisfa6ition. I am as forry as you can be, 
that I was obliged to prorogue the parliament ; I hope 
■when they meet next, they will be in better temper, 
and confider the true interefl of the nation, and not be 
deceived by fome ill men who fill their ears with fears 
and jealoufies. As for news. Lord Brandon received his 
fentence on Saturday laft, and was to have been executed 
on Friday, but I have reprieved him, upon his having 
petitioned me for my mercy, and acknowledged his 
crimes, which is all I fliall fay now, but that you ftialj 
always find me as kind to you as you can defire. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

There Is alfo in the box the following letter from the 
King to the Prince concerning Lord Halifax, whom the 
King had difmiffed from his fervice, becaufe he would 
not give his confent to the abolition of the Tefts. 



James the lid to the Prince of Orange. Has remov-- 

ed herd Halifax. 

Whitehall, Oa. 20, 1685. 

SINCE the iaft poft went hence, I have had 
yours of the 22d and 25th from Dieren; and 
if you have had as good weather v/here you are as we 
have had here, you will have had good hunting weather. 
As for news I have found it neceflary for my fervice to 
lay afide Lord Halifax, now that the parliament is fo 
near, for reafons beft known to myfelf. Lord Cham- 
berlain is fallen very fick at his houfe in the country, and 
I am told is in great danger. It is fo late I have not 
time to fay more to you, but to affure you of my be- 
ing as kind to you as you as you can defire." 

The King's, zeal for popery kept peace with his at- 
tempts to arbitrary power. Barlllon writes to his court -^^ 'J'e ^"j*-' 
on the 30th April, 1^85, that James had defired the 
Lords Sunderland, Godolphin and Rochefler to attend 
him to the door of the chapel, where he was to go with 
his guards and officers to his court ; that the two firfV 
con fen ted, but the Iaft refufed. 

It is probable that Lord Sunderland, even from the 
beginning, adopted his mafter's fentiments in favour of 
popery. There is in the Depot the following difpatch 
on this fubjeci, fo early as the month of July, 1685. 

Extrait d''une depeche de Ivl. Barillon an Rcy, 

'ILORD Sonderland eft entre fort avant avec 

moi, et ra'a paru informe a fond de ce qui 

s'eft paffe entre le Roy d'Angleterre et moi fur le fujet 

de la religion cathoUque. Ce miniftre m'a dit, je ne 

ffais pas fi on voiten France les chofes comma elles font 

E 2 icy. 

In the Defet 


icy, mais je defie ceux qui les voyent de pres de ne pas 
connoitre que le Roi mon maitre n'a rien dans le coeur fi 
avant que d'ctablir la religion catholique ; qu'il ne peut 
meme felon le bon lens et la droit raifon avoir d'autre 
but ; que fans cela il ne fera jamais en furete, et fera 
toujours expofe au zele indifcret de ceux qui echaufe- 
ront les peuples contre la eatholicite, tant qu'elle ne 
fera pas pleinement etablle. If y a une autre chofe cer- 
taine, c'eft que ce plan la ne peut reuffir que par un 
concert et une liaifon etroite avec le Roy votre maitre ; 
c'eft un projet qui ne peut convenir qu'a lui, ni reuffir 
que par lui ; toutes les autres puiffances s'y oppoferont 
ouvertement, ou le traverferont fous main. On f9ait 
bien que cela ne convient pas au Prince d'Orange, mais 
il ne fera pas en etat de I'empecher, fi on veut en 
France fe conduire comme il eft necefTaire, c'eft a dire, 
menager I'amitie du Roy d'Angleterre et le foutenir dans 
fon projet. 

Je vols clairement I'apprehenfion qu'ont beaucoup 
d© gens d'une liaifon avec la France, et les efforts qu'on 
fait pour I'affoiblir ; mais cela ne fera au pouvoir de per- 
fonne ft on n'en a pas envie en France ; c'eft fur quoi 
il faut que vous vous expliquiez nettement, et que 
vous fafliez connoitre que le Roy votre maitre veut ai- 
der de bonne foi leRoy d'Angleterre a etablir fermement 
icy la religion catholique." 




Extras of a d'lfpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louis the 

XlVth. Lord Sunderland engaged thoroughly in the 

inter ejh of popery. 

July 1 6, 1685. 
'* T ORD Sunderland has entered very far with me, 
f J and appears to be informed to the bottom of 
what has pafled between the King of England and my- 
felf upon the fubjed of the catholic religion. This 
minifter faid to me, I do not know if they fee things in 
France as they are here, but I defy thofe who fee them 
near, not to know that the King, my mafler, has no- 
thing fo much at heart, as to eftablifh the catholic re- 
ligion ; that he cannot, even according to good fenfe 
and right reafon, have any other end ; that without it 
be will never be in fafety, and always expofed to the in- 
difcreet zeal of thofe who will heat the people againft 
the catholic religion as long as it is not fully eftabliftied. 
There is another thing certain, which is, that this 
plan cannot fucceed but by a ftrift concert and union 
with the King, your mafter ; it is a proje61: which is 
fuitable only to him, and which cannot fucceed but 
through him ; all the other powers will openly oppofe 
it, or counteract it under hand. It. is well known that 
it is not fuitable to the Prince of Orange, but he will 
not be in a condition to hinder it, if they conduft 
themfelves in France as is receflary ; that is to fay, if 
they manage the King of England's friendftiip, and 
fupport him in his defign. 

I fee clearly the apprehenfion many people have of an 
alliance with France, and the efforts they make to weak- 
en it ; but that will not be in the power of any one, if 
France does her part ; it is upon this you muft explain 
yourfelf clearly, and make it known that the King, 
E 3 your 


your mafler, will fincerely afuft the King of England In 
eftablifhing the catholic religion firrnly here." 

In this difpatch Barillon repe?.ts the following expref- 
fions of King James to him, '^ Qu'il avoit ete eleve en 
France, et mange le pain de votre Majefte, et que Ton 
coeur etoit Fran90is." " That he had been brought up 
in France, and eat of your Majefty's bread, and that 
his heart was French." 

On the 26th March, 1686, Barillon gives his 
ourt the following account of the council of feven, 
mentioned in the Memoirs to which the prefent 
papers are an Appendix. '* Le Comte de Puez a ete 
joint aux autres Seigneurs Catholiques, que le Foy 
d'Angleterre confulte, et qui s'affemble fouvent avec 
milord Sonderland, pour deliberer fur les affaires qui fe 
prefente ; c'efl un efpece de confeil, independent de 
tout autre, et dans lequel les refolutions les plus impor- 
tantes fe prennent ; c'efi: a dire, celles qui regardent la 
religion." The Earl of Powis has been joined to the 
other Catholic Lords, whom the King of England 
confults, and who often meet at Lord Sunderland's, to 
deliberate upon matters that ofTer ; it is a fort of coun- 
cil, independent of any other, and in which the mod 
important refolutions are taken ; that is to fay, thofe 
which relate to religion." 

In King William's box there are the two following 
letters from King James to the Prince of Orange, which 
if not contradifted by other evidence, would do honour 
to his fpirit of toleration. 



King James to the Prince of Orangey Jan. li^th, 1686. 
— — —Intreats him to give prote£iion to regular Priejis 
in Holland. 

" 'W MUST now write to you about an afFair, which, 
Jl^ as a Chriftian, and one who is concerned for you, 
I could not omit doing ; it is to defire you to hinder, by 
your authority, the banifhing out of Rotterdam, and 
other towns in Holland, the regular prieds, I mean the 
Monks, Friars and Jefuits; fince it will not only be a 
great hardfliip to the poor Catholics, but will be a real 
prejudice to your trade and commerce by driving out fo 
many as will leave the country, if they cannot have the 
regulars with them, and that will certainly be the confe- 
quence if the regulars be fent away : and methinks that 
though in France the Huguenots are fo feverely dealt 
with, thatlhould not make you in Holland follow fuch 
an example, which muft be really prejudicial to the true 
intereft of your government, I could fay much more on 
this fubjefii:, but have not time, and fo mufl end with 
affuring you of my being as kind to you as you can 

James the lid to the Prince of Orange. — Pleafed that the 

Prince has faved the prie/is. The King s Jpirit of 


Whitehall, January a6, 1686. 
" T HAVE received yours of the 30th, in anfwer to 
-■' one I had written to you concerning the regular 
priefts, and am very glad to find by it that they will not 
be fent away, and hope you will ftill continue of the fame 
mind, and do eafily believe you are not for profecuting 
any merely for their religion: I always was, and will 
be of that mind ; and am of your opinion, that it was 
the very hard ufage the Huguenots had, and have flill in 

E 4 France, 


France, which made that affair of the regulars be talked 
on where you are, and hope, as to that, you will conti- 
nue of the fame mind you are. As for news. Lord 
Arran, the Duke of Ormond's fonne, died yefterday of 
a fever, and Lord Digby of the fame diftemper a day or 
two before. We have had pretty hard fro-fts every 
morning, and clear weather for fome days paft, but the 
ice is not thick enough to be cut to be put into the ice- 
houfes; which is all I have to fay now, but to affure 
you, that I fhall ever be as kind to you as you can dcr 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

But men oftimes deceive themfelves. While James 
■was boafting of thefe fentiments of toleration to the 
Prince of Orange, he was congratulating the French on 
the want of it, in revoking the edicSt of Nantes. Baril- 
lon writes thus to his court on the 4th of October, i6Sy 
** Sa Majefte Britannique a auiTi entendu avec joye, ce 
quejelui ay dit du progrez marveilleux dont Dieubenit 
le« foins de votre Majefte a I'egard des converfions de fes 
fujets ; n'y ayant point d'exemple qu'il foit arrive une 
pareille chofe en aucun terns, n'y en aucun pays, avec 
tant de promptitude. Sa Majefte Britannique croit bien, 
qu' un ouvrage fi important ne demeurera pas imparfait, 
et que Dieu fera la grace a votre Majefte de I'achever 
^ntierement." " His Britannic Majefty alfo heard 
with pleafure, what I told him of the v/onderful progrefs 
with which God had bleffed your Majefty's cares with 
regard to the converfion of your fubjeds ; there being no 
example of a fimilar thing happening at any time, or in 
any country, with fo much promptitude. His Britan- 
nic Majefty believes, that fo important a work will not 
remain imperfed, and that God will grant you the favour 
to finifli it entirely." And on the i8th Auguft, 1686, 
Barillon writes thus, *' Monf. Adda a fait part au Roy 
d'Anglcterre de ce que le Pape a dit dans le cofiftoire 
fur le fujet de votre Majefte ; et de ce qu'elle a fait pour 
^extirpation de I'herefie en France. Sa Majeft6 Britan- 



nique m'en a parle comme d'une chofe qui lui fait un 
grand plaifir." ** Mr. Adda (that is, the Pope's 
Nuncio) has communicated to the King of England what 
the Pope faid in the confiftory upon the fubjeO: of your 
Majefty; and what you have done to extirpate herefy in 
France. His Britannic Majefty fpoke of it as a thing 
that gave him great pleafure." 

Barillon, in his difpatch of the ift of July, 1686, re- In the Defet. 
prefentsthus the fentiments of James upon the difappoint- 
ment which the oppofition of the Scotch parliament, 
in matters of religion, had given. " Le Roy d'Angle- 
terrem'a dit, que les affaires d'Ecoffe n'avoient pas pris 
le chemin qu'il avoit efpere d'abord, et que la caballe 
des fa6lieux avoit empech6 les gens bien intentionez de 
faire ce qui 6toit raifonable, et qu'ils avoient refolus ; 
quecependant il tireroit un grand avantage d'avoir connu 
ies veritables defleins des uns et des autres ; qu'il pou- 
voit par I'autorite que les loix lui donnent en Ecofle, 
etablir en faveur des Catholiques la liberie que le parle- 
ment n'avoit pas voulu accorder," '' The King of Eng- 
land told me, that the affairs of Scotland had not taken 
the turn he at firft expe6Ved, and that the faftious cabal 
had hindered the well intentioned from doing what was 
reafonable, and what they had refolved upon; that ne- 
verthelefs he fhould drav/ a great advantage from know- 
ing the true defigns of both ; and by the authority which 
the laws give him, he could eftablifti in Scotland that 
liberty in favour of the Catholics which the parliament 
refufed to grant." 

In this difpatch Barillon relates, that the Scotch who 
oppofed in parliament James's fchemes about religion, 
faid, " That they muff by refufing to fell their God, 
wipe off the reproach of having fold their King." 

In the year t586, James broke the Duke of Queenf- 
berry's proteftant miniftry in Scotland, and filled that of 




Lord Clarendon in Ireland with papiils. In King Wil- 
liam's box there is the following imitation of this flep by 

the King to the Prince. 

Kwg James to the Prince of Orange, Changes made in 

Scotland and Ireland. 

Whitehall, March 2, 1 68 6. 
Received yours of the 8th, by which I find you were 
then juft going from the Hague, and that you are 
llill apprehenfive that there will be fomething attempted 
by France to difturb the peace of Chriftendom, and that 
you may be attacked. I confefs I cannot believe either, 
efpeciaily the laft, knowing upon what good terms Hol- 
land and this country are together. I had not time to 
tell you the laft poft of fome alterations I have made in 
Scotland, having put the Treafury into commiflion, and 
made the Duke of Gordon mafter of the caftle of Edin- 
burgh, both of which I thought very neceffary for my 
fervice ; and now that Lord Clarendon is fettled in Ire- 
land, am going to make a new Chancellor, and to change 
fome of the Judges in that kingdom. All things continue, 
God be thanked, very quiet here, which is all I have to 
fay now, but that you fliall always find me as kind to 
you as you can defire." 

King James, at length, in December, 1686, avowed 
his intention of obferving ceremony no longer in favour 
of his religion, by difmilTing Lord Rochefter, who had 
refufed to be converted by a conference between popifli 
and proteftant divines. Barillon, in his letter of the 
1 2th of December, 1 686, defcribes thus the ftatc of rrjen's 
minds while the iffue of that conference was in fufpence. 
*' Cette affaire eft fi importante, et doit avoir des fuites 
fi confiderables, qu'elle tient toutes les autres en fuf- 
" pence." " This affair is fo important, and ought 
to have confequences fo confiderable, that it keeps all 
others in fufpence." 


P P E N D I X. 75 

BOOKS V. and VI. 

TH E papers to which I have had accefs in King 
William's cabinet, and at Verfailles, enable me to 
give the public an account of the intrigues by which the 
Revolution was brought about in England with fome de- 
gree of precifion and certainty. The arranging of the 
papers on this head is the moll pleafing part of my talk, 
and, I hope, will be fo to others ; becaufe there are few 
great families in this country, who will not find that 
their anceftors (of whatever party they were) had a hand 
in it in one way or other. 

Two months after the difmiiTion of Lord RocheHer, 
King James fent the Marquis d'AUbeville ambaffador to 
the States, under pretence of removing fome jealoufies 
between him and them, but with private inftrudions to 
found if the Prince of Orange could be brought to con- 
fent to the abolition of the tefts. The Prince took ad- 
vantage of this to fend Monf. Dyckvelt, anceftor to the 
Earl of Holdernefle, ambafTador into England ; a man of 
extraordinary abilities, and who had been conneded vs^ith 
the popular party in England ever fince he had been 
ambaffador there in the fecond Dutch war. The pre- 
tence of this embaffy was alfo to remove jealoufies be- 
tween the nations, but his private infl;ru6tions were to 
found the minds of the Englifli, and to affure them of 
his protedion in favour of their religion. The confe- 
quence of thefe embaflies was, that the Prince refufed to 
confent to the abolition of the tefts, and King James 
was difpleafed with Dyckvelt for having intrigued in his 



The ccrrefpondence on this fubje£l is in King Wil- 
liam's box as follows. 

King yames to the Prince of Orange. Allbeville 

fent ambajjador to Holland. 

Whitehall, December 30, 1686. 
«* y HAVE now difpatched this bearer, M. 
J[_ d' Allbeville, my envoy to the States, and would 
not let him go without writing by him to you, to aflure 
you of the continuance of my kindnefs to you, and the 
defire I have to continue in a very good correfpondence 
with the States, of both which I have charged him to 
fpeak with you, and of feveral other things of concern, 
and defire you will give him entire credit in what he 
(hall fay to you from me, fo that I need not repeat any 
of them to you, and affure you I {hall always be as kind 
to you as you can defire." 

King yames to the Prince of Orange. Dyckvelt comes 

amhaffador to England. 

Whitehall, February 18, 1687. 
** T AST night late I had yours of the 2 1 fl, by 
1 J which I find Monf. d' Abbeville was to have 
his audience of the States as laft Monday, fo that now 
M. Dycvelt may have his audience when he pleafes ; 
which when he has, he fhall find, notwithflanding fo 
many foolifli and malicious reports, that I have not al- 
tered my mind, but continue my refolution of living 
with a perfeft good underftanding with them. But of 
this more when I have fpoken with him. It is late, and 
I am to rife early to go a hunting tomorrow morning, 
and fo muft end ; which I do, with afluring you of be- 
ing as kind to you as' you can defire. 
For my fonne, the Prince of Orange. 



King yames to the Prince of Orange. Has prorogued 

parliament f and is to give liberty of conscience. 

Whitehall, March i8, 1687. 
" Y H AD yours of the 2 ill from the Hague, fo late 
X on Tuefday laft, that I could not then let you 
know I had received it. 1 fee by it that you were fa- 
tisfied that the peace of Chriftendom would be preferved 
at leaft for this year. I am of your opinion too, and 
you know was all along of opinion, that France would be 
quiet, believing it not their interefl: to be otherwife. 
I have this day refolved to prorogue the parliament till 
the 2 2d of November next ; and that all my fubjeSts 
may be at eafe and quiet, and mind their trades and pri- 
vate concerns, have refolved to giveliberty of confcience 
to all diflenters whatfoever, having been ever againft 
perfecuting any for confcience fake. I have not time to 
fay more, but that you Ihall always find me as kind to 
you as you can defire." 

King fames to the Prince of Orange. The nation is. 

plea fed with the declaration of liberty of confcience. 

Whitehall, April 22, 1687. 
** T Had yours of the 25 th before the laft poft went 
A away, but fo late, that being to hunt next morn- 
ing, I could not then let you know it : I find by it you 
was foon to go to the Hague. I am very glad all things 
continue fo quiet, on your fide of the water ; they are 
fo here, and I find my declaration contributes much to it, 
the generality of the nation being fatisfied with it and at 
eafe by it. As for news, the Duke of Buckingham is 
dead; what will become of his encumbered eftate no 
body as yet can know, and befides, there will be feveral 
pretenders to it. I have no more to fay, but that you 
(hall always find me as kind to you as you can defire. 
For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 



King y antes to the Prince of Orange. To the fame 


Windfor, May 20, 1687. 
*^ T Came to this place lafl; night, and had fo much 
i bufinefs on Tuefday lafl, that I could not then 
let you know that I had received yours of the 20th, by 
which I am forry to find you think the Chriftian army 
in Hungary is not like to be fo flrong as to do much 
campaigne ; and if the feafon be as backward and the 
drouth as great there, as 'tis here, fourage will be very 
fcarce, for here, without it rain within a week or ten 
days, there will be .but little grafs or hay. As for news, 
all here is very quiet, and my declaration has put peo- 
ple's minds much at eafe, and I have great reafon to be 
well pleafed with having put it out. On Wednefday 
morning early there happened a fxre near the Tower, 
which burnt near thirty houfes, and amongft the reft 
part of the victualling office, where I loft about five 
thoufand pounds worth of cafk and pipe ftaves, but by 
the care of thofe that were there, and the blowing up 
of fome houfes, the reft was faved, I have no more to 
fay, but that I fliall be always as kind to you as you can 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King yanies^s ^ueen to the Prince of Orange, Sent hy 

Mr. Dyckvelt. A letter of compliments. 

Windfor, May 29. 
" ^ I ^ H E Fame reafon that kept you fo long 
J_ without writing to me has hindered me all 
this while from anfwering your letter ; for if you be- 
lieve that your letters can be troublefome to me, I muft 
needs think that you judge by yourfelf, in finding mine 
fo, or elfe you could never wrong me fo much as to have 
that thought of me. I have defired Mr. Dyckvelt, 
who is the bearer of this, to aflure you, that I have all 



the dcfire in the world to do you fervice, having as 
much efteera and friendfhip for you as I ought to have, 
and as I (hall always endeavour to (hew you upon all oc- 
cafions, being more than I can exprefs, what I hope you 
will believe me, truly yours. 

M. R.'' 

King James to the Prince of Orange. Dyckvelt returns 

to Holland, and is to let the Prince know what the King 
experts of him. N. B. TVhat the King expe^fed was 

, his confent to the abolition of the Tejls. 

Windfor, May 28, 1687. 
** T Would not let this bearer Mr. Dyckvelt return 
X without writing to you by him. I have fpoken 
to him of your private concerns, of which he will give 
you an account, as alfo of the public affairs here, and 
have fpoken very freely to him of them, and told him 
(what I think I have reafon to expeft from you, for the 
good of the monarchy, as well as our family, which he 
has promifed to tell you, fo that I need not write it, 
but referr you to him, and though, may be, fome per- 
fons, that are not well affefited to me, nor the govern- 
ment, have mifreprefented fome things to him, and find 
fault with my proceedings in feveral things, yet I am fa- 
tisfied I have not made one ftep, but what is good for 
the kingdom in general, as well as for the monarchy, 
and have more reafon every day than other to bepleafed 
with having put out my declaration for liberty of con- 
fcience ; which is all I fliall fay now, but that you Ihali 
always find me as kind to you as you c^n defire." 




The Prince of Orange to King James. In anfwer 

to the foregoing letter. Au Roy. 

Juin 17, 1687. 
«« IT T N peu apres le depart du dernier courier, Mon- 
^ j fieur de Dycvelt eft arrive, qui m'a rendu la 
lettre que votre Mnjefte m'a fait I'honneur de m' ecrire, 
et m'a informe de la bonte qu'elle avoit de vouloir pren- 
dre foin de mes interefts particuliers ; dont je lui rens 
tres humbles graces, et la fupplie de s'en fouvenir dans 
les occafions qu' elle jugera convenable ; au refte il m'a 
rendu compte de ce que votre Majefte lui avoit en 
charge de me dire de fa part, fur quoi elle me permettra 
de repeter ce que cy devant j'ay eu 1' honneur de lui 
ecrire, qu'il n'y avoit perfonne au monde qui pouvoit 
avoir plus d'averfion que j'avois pour toute forte de per- 
fecution au fait de religion, et qu' aflurement je ne vou- 
drois de ma vie y donner les mains ; mais aufll je ne 
ppurois jamais me refoudre a faire quelque chofc con- 
traire au bien et a 1' inter et de la religion que je profefle ; 
et qu' ainfi je ne puis concourir en ce que votre Majefte 
defire demoy ; ceque j'efpere elle ne trouvera pas mau- 
vaisquand eUe confiderera fur quel fondementje le fais, 
et qu'en tout autre chofe elle ne pourra tfouver perfonne 
qui fera plus attache a fes interets, et qui la fervira avec 
plus de fidelite, fouhaitant paflionement de trouver des 
occafions a le temoigner a votre Majefte par les effeQ:s, 
et que je ferai toute ma vie avec un profond refpe£l ce 
que je dois." 




The Prince of Orange to King James the lid. in 

anfwer to the foregoing letter. Refufes to concur iri 

abolijhing the Tejis. 

June 17, 1687. 
*' A Little after the arrival of the lafl courier, Mn 
xX Dyckvelt came here, who gave me the letter 
which your Majefty did me the honour to write to me, 
and informed me of yourgoodnefs in wifhing to take care 
of my particular interefts, for which I give you humble 
thanks, and entreat you to remember them upon proper 
occafions. As for the reft, he gave me an account of 
what your Majefty gave him in charge to fay to me on 
your part, Upon this head your Majefty will give me 
leave to repeat, what I formerly had the honour to 
write to you, that there is no perfon in the world wTio 
has more averHon than I have for all fort of perfecution 
on the fcore of religion, and that certainly I will never 
in my life put my hand to it ; but at the fame time that 
I can never refolve to do any thing contrary to the in- 
tereft of tlie religion which I profefs ; and that therefore 
I cannot concur in what your Majefty afks of me. This 
I hope you will not take amifs when you confider upon 
what foundation I do it, and that in every other thing 
you will find no body who will be more attached to 
your interefts, and who will ferve therri with more fideli- 
ty, v/hich I wifh paflionately for occafions of teftifying to 
your Majefty by effeds, and that I Ihall be all my life 
with a profound refpeft what I ought. 
Vol. Ill, F ■ King^ 


King yames to the Prince of Orange. Vexed that the 

Prince will not confent. Complains of Dyckvelt. 

Windfor, June i6, 1687. 
" T Had yours of the 1 7 th fo late on Tuefday laft, 
Jl thati coul dnot then anfwer it. Since when, I have 
had alio yours of the 20th, and write now becaufe I in- 
tend to hunt to-morrow, and am forry to find by it, that 
you fay you are againft perfecuting any for confcience fake, 
and yet that you cannot be for taking off all thofe laws, 
and the Tefts which are fo very fevere and hard upon all 
Diflenters from the Church of England ; and fince what 
Mr. Dyckvelt faid to you from me, could not alter your 
mind as to that, I cannot expe6: that a letter fhould pre- 
vail with you ; fo that I Ihall fay no more on that fub-^ 
je6t now, and only tell you that you will find that he 
Mr. Dyckvelt has not taken right meafures of affairs 
here, by giving fo much credit to fome that do not wifh 
lAe and the monarchy well, and continue their old me- 
thods of creating fears and jealoufies. I have not time to 
fay more now, and fhall always be as kind to you as 
you can expeft." 

Before Dykvelt came to England, the Prince of Orange 
had privately applied to Lord Halifax to know his 
fentiments upon the ftate of things in England. 

In King William's box there are the two following 
letters from Lord Halifax upon this occafion. 



Lord Halifax to iht Prince of Orange. Adv'ifes the 

Prince to remain quiet ; and wait for accidents. 

December 7, 1689. 
" A ^^^'' ^° '^^S" ^^^F'^e, your Highnefs will allow 
jf~\ me to make ufe of the privilege of prefenting 
my duty to you, and to put you in mind that my con- 
jedures concerning the parliament have proved true, 
and if you will give me leave to make my gueffes of 
what is to come, I am of opinion that the meeting ap- 
pointed in February, will not hold, there being no fteps 
made to make it more advifeable at that time than it was 
laft motith. Befides, the condition the King of France 
is in, which is looked upon here as defperate, is a circum- 
ftance of that weight, that it muft probably either pro- 
duce a new fcheme, or make very great alterations in the 
old one. Your Highnefs feeth of what ufe it is to ftand 
firm and quiet, neither to yield nor to give advantage 
by aaing unfeafonably. Accidents come that either re- 
lieve, or at leaft help to keep off the things we fear for 
a longer time; and that is no fmall matter in the affairs 
of this world. I mull give you my moft humble thanks 
for your HighnefTes favours to my fon, who is, as be- 
cometh him, extremely proud of them, and will I hope 
make it his ambition, as well as it is his duty, to deferve 
them; if he fhould not, he muft renounce the reft of his 
family, and particularly your Highnefs's eternally devote 
ed fervant." 

Lord Half ax to the Prince of Orange. To the fame 


January 18, 1686-7, S. V. 

YOUR Highnefs will give me leave to acknow- 
ledge your goodnefs to my fon, in giving him 
^uch favourable admittance, which hath made him vet 

F - 

^ -' more 


more ambitious to deferve the countenance you have 
been pleafed to afford him. I hope you will put him in 
the lift of thofe who are to be difpofed of by you, fince it 
is a tenure by which I and mine fhall ever hold. He is 
fg full of his veneration for your Highnefs, that he 
doth himfelf a very good office for me, by fuch an effe£t 
of his judgment ; yet I will not anfwer for it fo far, but 
that he may have been guilty in the manner of paying 
his rerpeds, in which if he hath failed, his youth and his 
good intentions muft be his excufe. He will bring your 
comm.ands carefully to me, which will be fo much the 
more welcome, by giving me the alTurance ihat I ftill re- 
tain the fame place in your Highnefs's thoughts, though 
I have not of late had fo frequent opportunities of re- 
commending myfelf to them. In one thing I have had 
the luck to gueis right, and not to miflead you by a 

, wrong conjedure ; that is, about the meeting of the par- 

liament, which you fee is to be prorogued, notwith- 
ftanding the pofitive difcourfes to the contrary. The 
motion of public things, at prefent, hath not only va- 
riety but fome kind of contradiftion in it. It is very 
rapid, if looked upon on one fide, if on the other, it Is as 
flow ; for though there appeareth the utmoft vigour to 
purfue the defign which hath been fo long laid, there 
feemeth to be no lefs firmnefs in the nation, and aver- 
fion to change; fo that converfions arefo thin, and thofe 
which are, fo little fit to be examples, that the prevail^ 
ing party is not a little difcountenanccd by making no 
quicker progrefs; for that reafon it is believed they will 
mend their pace ; and if fo, every day will give more 
light to what is intended, though it is already no more 
a myftery. Whatever happeneth, nothing muft 
ever alter my refolutions of being devoted to your 
Highnefs's fervice." 

Soon after Mr Dyckvelt arrived in England, the 
Couniefs cf Su ndc^Hand fent a mef^cnger to Holland 
with the iolic /ing Letter to the Prince of Orange, of 



the afFeSation and myfterioufnefs of which the reader 
will form what judgment he thinks proper. My own 
fufpicion is, that the letter was her hulband's didion, 
and the poftfcript her own. The reader will fufpend 
his judgment of Lord Sunderland till he has feen tb? 
fubfequent papers relating to him in this Appendix. 

Countefs of Sunderland to the Prince of Orange. — Afmgu- 
lar letter. 

" /% T the diflance that Mr. Sidney is I am in a j tf • tys 
XY, great ftreight how to let your Highnefs know Ham's box, 
a matter which appears to me very neceflary you 
Ihould be acquainted with ; and however ft range it may 
feem to you my undertaking to write to you, which is 
what I never did before, and upon a fubje<3: you may 
think unfit for me to meddle in, had I the honour to be • . 

known to you; I think it better not to trouble you any 
farther with apologies, but humbly beg a fufpenfion of 
your opinion of me till yqu fee Mr. Sidney, who will do 
me the right, I am fure, to tell you I am not apt to 
meddle in thefe affairs ; and as I do only truR him, fo I 
think nothing but your fervice could tempt me to break 
through a difficulty of this kind that may feem bold to 
you, and if by any accident in the way fhould be known, 
ruin to myfelf. But I fhall pafs by all that to let yoij 
know the bufinefs now on foot here. Your Highnefs is 
not ignorant I am fure what endeavours have been ufed 
here to gain votes in parliament for repealing the Teil 
and penal laws, upon which, as I fuppofe you know, fe~ > 

veral have and do quit their places rather than fubmlt to ; 
which makes the Roman catholics fee they are no'c 
likely to carry it that way ; which brings me to that 
which I think of importance you (hould know ; that th§ 
laft eflay they will put in pradice as to the parliam.ent, 
is to flatter Monfieur Dixfield with a great many fine 
things, that there fhall be an entire union between Eng- 
land and HvUand, nay farther, I am fure they intend to 
F 3 piakc 


make you the fineft ofFers in the world, as your having 
a full po'ver in military and civil affairs by naming all 
officers ; that Ireland fhall be put into vi^hat hands you 
will ; and for all this they a& you to bid MonfieurDix- 
field, and Monfieur Citers declare in your name, that 
you w'iih the parliament vt^ould take off thefe laws, and 
that you think it reafonable they {hould do fo. By this 
means they fancy they may compafs their point, which 
when done, I think 'tis plain the article on your part is 
upon record, theirs only verbal ; your Highnefs is the 
bed judge of the likelihood of its being performed. But 
with fubmiflion to your better judgment in all things, 
I muft beg leave, being here, and hearing many of 
your faithful fervants, that are acquainted with 
the temper of the nation, at prefent talk of this 
matter of the induftry that is ufed to take off thefe laws, 
to give you both theirs and my own opinion in this mat- 
ter ; that if there were a poffibility for you to be brought 
to do what they will a{k of you, it will only have this ef- 
fect, that it will create Jealoufies of your Highnefs here, 
which may be of very ill confequence to you, 
and even your joining in it would never do their 
bufinefs, I mean the repealing the laws. Another 
point is, it is poffible it would gain the making peo- 
ple jealous of you, which I believe is the fecond point 
'they value in this commerce. Buj: I have not apprehen- 
fion enough of your being caught with thefe fine offers, 
fo have given you this trouble. But how far the offers 
may touch the ambaffadors i did not know, for I am fure 
there is no offers no nor dangers, that will not be very 
artificially fhewed Monfieur Dickfield. For the lafl I 
am fure there is nothing they need apprehend ; and I 
think the offers are full as flight: But a negociation on 
any commerce of this kind cannot be to your advantage ; 
but infinitely the contrary ; which is the only inducement 
I have in fending this man with this intelligence, in 
which I have been fo'cautiovis that the bearer does not 



know he comes from me, or that he has any letter of 
mine. I have only writ to Monfieur Bentick a letter 
about my garden, and inclofed one for the Princefs, in 
which I have made bold to put this, for which I moft 
humbly beg you will afk her pardon, and beflow yours 
upon the faithfuUeft and humblefl of your fervants. 


Imuft beg leave of your Highnefs to inelofe a letter 
for Mr. Sidney, who I hope will be with you very foon, 
and till he comes I befeech you make no anfwer to my 
letter, for fear of accident. For this had gone to you 
two pofts ago, but that an accident happened that I 
thought was better to let pafs over. Some Papifls the 
other day that are not fatisfied with my Lard, faid, that 
my Lord Sunderland did not dance in a nett : for they 
very well knew, that however he made the King believe, 
he thought of nothing but carrying on his bufinefs ; 
there was difpenfations from Holland as well as from 
Rome ; and that they were fure I held a correfpondence 
with the Princefs of Orange. This, Sir, happened the 
day I firft heard of their defign to make thefe propo- 
fitions which I have writ, which made me defer fending 
till the King had fpoke to me of it, which he has done ; 
and as I could very truly, fo I did affure his Majefty, I 
never had the honour to have any commerce with the 
Princefs, but about treakle water or v^^ork, or fome luch 
flight thing ; fo I did likewife as truly alTure his Majefty, 
that if there had ever been any commerce, I ihould ne- 
ver be afhamed, but on the contrary proud to own it, 
feeing he muft be fure that the Princefs could never be 
capable of any thing with any body to his differvice. 
Now how this fancy came in their heads I cannot 
imagine ; but that they have a mind to do mifchief ; 
for as your Highnefs knows, I never had the hon- 
nour to write to you at all till now ; fo the Prin- 
cefs knows I have been fo unhappy to have very little 
acquaintance with her, till of late I have had the obli- 
F 4 ^atioji 


gation to my Lady Semple and Mr. Sidney to have had 
an occafion of writing to her, which I value, and will 
endeavour to continue and improve by all the zeal atid 
efteem for her that I am capable of to my laft breath. I 
"have the ill luck to write a very bad hand, which if your 
Highnefs cannot read plain, which few can, I humbly 
beg you will keep it till Mr. Sidney comes, who is ufed 
to my hand. If at this man's return I can but hear my 
letter came fafe, and that vou pardon the liberty I have 
taken, I fhall be very much at eafe. If, by the bearer, 
vour Highnefs will be pleafed to let me know my letter 
came fafe to you, I ihall think myfelf very happy." 

T\Ionf. Dyckvelt carried over v/ith him among other 
letters the following from Endand to the Prince of 
Orange. It is fingular that moft of them are from men 
of the Tory partv. The letters are interefling to Eng- 
iifli readers, becaufe they difplay the various characters 
and views of the writers. The letters are all in King 
William's box. 

Lord Churchill to the Prince of Orange. AJfures him 

the Princejs Anm and himfelf are to /.and firm to their 

S I R, 
** f I A H E Princefs of Denmark having ordered me 
Jl to difcourfc vrith Monf. Dvckvelt, and to let 
him know her refolutions, fo that he might let your 
Highnefs, and the Princefs her fitter, know, that fhe was 
refolved, by the afliftance of God, to fuffer all extremi- 
ties, even to death itfelf, rather than be brought to 
change her religion. I thought it my duty to your 
Highnefs and the Princefs Royal, by this opportunity of 
Monf, Dyckvelt, to give you affurances under my own 
hand, that my places and the King's favour I fet at 
nought, in the comparifon of the being true to my reli- 


Pion. In all things but this the King may command me. 
I call God to witnefs, that even with joy I fliould ex- 
pofe my life for his fervice, fo fenfible am I of his fa- 
vours. I know the troubling you, Sir, with thus 
much of myfelf, I being of fo little ufe to your High- 
nefs, is very impertinent, but that I think it may be a 
great eafe to your Highnefs and the Princefs to be fatis- 
fied that the Princefs of Denmark is fafe in the trufting 
of me ; I being refolved, although I cannot live the 
life of a faint, if there be ever occafion for it, to Cicw 
the refolution of a martyr. I am, with all refpeft. Sir, 
Your Highnefs's 
May 17, 1687. Moft obedient fervant, 


Colonel Bellafys to the Prince of Orange. Boajls of his 

loyalty, and ajfures the prince of his fervice. 

May 27, 1687, Old Stile. 
*' T" Have prefumed by this worthy bearer, to give 
\ your Highnefs the affurance of my devotion to 
your fervice in particular ; the teilimony I have given 
10 the world of my loyalty and fufferings for the crown, 
obliges me in duty to pay the fame to thofe who are fo 
nearly related to it as the Princefs Royal and your High- 
nefs. Though my hand be weak to expreis it, or en- 
large myfelf upon this fubjecl:, ray heart fhall fupply 
that defeft, in the profeflion I rnake, with all fubmifll- 
pn, of being 

Your Highnefs's moil obedient. 

And mod humbly devoted fervant, 

B E L L A S Y S.'' 



Lord Sunderland to the prince of Orange. Refers to 

%vhat Monf. Dyckvelt has to fay from him. 

" X Received the honour your Highnefs was pleafed 
\^ to do me by Monf. Dickvelt with all the re- 
fpe6i: I owe, and will ever payto your commands, which 
I fhall on all occafions, exaftly obey. He is too well 
informed of every thing here, to pretend to give you an 
account of what has pafled fince his coming ; and if he 
does me right, as I doubt not but he will, he muft af- 
fure your highnefs, that no man in the world is with 
more refpeO: and fubmiillon than I am 
. Your Highnefs's 
Windfor, Moft faithful, moft humble 

May 28, 1687. And moft obedient fervant. 


Lord Nottingham to the prince of Orange. — Refers to what 
' Dyckvelt has to fay. — The prince has the univerfal at- 
tachment of the protejiant inter efl to him. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
" ^% iHE ^reat ambition I ever had of ferving your 
\ Highnefs, made me m.oft readily obey the 
commands I received from you by the Heer Van Dych- 
velt, who has encouraged me to the prefumption of this 
humble addrefs to your Highnefs. 

I have taken feveral opportunities of difcourfing with 
him about thofe things, which I thought might be of 
ufe or fatlsfaction to you ; I (hall not trouble your 
Highnefs with any account of affairs here at this time, 
for he has fo fully informed himfelf of them, that he can 
give you a very exact account of them : and of one 
thing efpecially he may affure you, and that is, the 
univerfal concurrence of all Proteftants in paying the 
utmoft refpeSt and duty to your Highnefs, for you are 
the perfon on whom they found their hopes, as having 



already feen you a refuge to the miferable, and a mofl 
eminent defender of their religion. 

And among the many votaries your Highnefs has here 
for your long life and increafe of honour, none can be 
more zealoufly fo than myfelf, who am refolved, with 
the greateft fidelity, to endeavour, by all the aflions of 
my life, to obtain the title of 

London, Your Highnefs's 

May 18,1687. Moft obedient and moft humble fervant, 

l^ord Ckrendm to the prince of Orange. j4 letter of 


*' t il AHOUGH I have nothing worth giving your 
j Highnefs the trouble of a letter, yet I mud 
not omit the opportunity of laying myfelf at your High- 
nefs's feet by Monf. Dyckvelt, who, I doubt not, will 
do me the juftice to affure you of my moft obedient 
duty. I fhould take it for a great honour to have any 
commands from your Highnefs, and ambitious of no- 
thing more than a fhare of your good opinion, as a 
perfon perfectly devoted to your fervice. Monf. Dyck- 
velt will give your Highnefs fo full an account of all af- 
fairs here, that I need add nothing to what he is fo well 
informed of; I fliall only take the liberty to fay, that 
as his conduQ: here has been very grateful, fo all good 
men are troubled he ftays no longer with us. That 
God would profper your Highnefs in all your undertak- 
ings, and give you all the comforts in this world, fuit- 
able to your merits, is the conftant prayer of. Sir, 

London, Ycur Highnefs's moft faithful 

May 28,1687. And moft obedient, humble fervant, 





Lord Roche fter to the prime of Orange.— —Ggneral ajfur^ 

ances of good luillf but avoids entering into particu- 

*' IV T O W that Monfieur de Dycvelt is returning 
X^ to your Highnefs, I prefume to prefent my 
humble thanks to you for the very gracious and kind 
letter your Highnefs v/as pleafed to write to me by him, 
upon a fubje8:, that unlefs it had been by a fure hand, 
it was not fafe to fay any thing ; and by what hand fo- 
ever, was much beyond what I could expefl ; but what 
good opinion I have gained on that occafion, I fliall en- 
deavour not to lofe upon any other. In the circumftan- 
ces I am, as to my retirement, both on the public and 
my particular account, your Highnefs cannot expe6t that 
I fhould fay much to you ; and if it were otherwifc, 
Monfieur de Dycvelt hath had fo good means of know- 
ing every thing, and hath fo very good qualities, that 
it were very unneceflary to write, where he is going : I 
am confident that he will do me right, that I have not 
been referved towards him, when he hath done me the 
honour to communicate any thing to me. All that I 
can fay more, is that my wifhes are very good, but 
neither row, nor for fome time, before every body 
elfe faw it, could they fignify much. In what conditi- 
on foever I am, I beg your Highnefs to be ieve, that I 
fhall always continue, with all my duty and fubmifiion^ 
to be as I ought to your Highnefs." 

New Park, May 29, 1 68 7. 



Mr. Fitzpatrici to the prince of Orange. Protejianis 

of all parties have opened themfelves to Dyckvelt. 

SIR, May 30, 1687. 

" / I AH E many obligations I have to your Highnefs, 

Jl and the fincere paflioni have for your fervice, 
emboldens me to acquaint your Highnefs with the great 
importance that I think it vi^ould be not only to your 
Highnefs, but the States, if Monf. Dickvelt might be 
fent ambaflador here in the room of Monf. Van Citers ; 
his great prudence, and the zeal that he is believed to 
have for your Highnefs and the Princefs, has got him 
the univerfal good opinion of all parties here, thp' dif- 
fering never fo much in their religions, which your 
Highnefs will eafily find by the freedom with which 
they have communicated their innermofl thoughts, 
hopes and fears to him, and I am fure will do dill, 
when there is any occafion for it. The thoughts of 
•which I fubmit to your Highnefs's great wifdom, beg- 
ging pardon for this liberty, and the continuance of your 
favour to the perfon in the world that is mofl ambitious 
of an opportunity to exprefs his gratitude, and manifeft 
how much he is. Sir, 

Your Highnefs's mofl obliged. 

And moft faithful fervant, 


Lord Danby to the prince of Orange. Recounts Dyck- 

veW s fervices to the prince in England. Propofes a 

perfonal intervitw ofjome of the Englljh tt/lth the prince, 
that overtures might he made. 

London, May 30, 1687. 
** JV T the arrival of Monf. Dyckvelt in this place, 
±'\, i «i'J by him receive the honour of being re- 
member td by your Highnefs. He alfo then told me, 





that your Highnefs had been pleafed to name me, 
amongft fome ethers, with whom it v/as your pleafure 
he ftiould confer on fuch occafions as he fhould think 
were for the fervice of your Highnefs. I am, therefore, 
in the firft place, obliged to return your Highnefs my 
humble thanks for fo great an honour, and next to do 
that juftice to Monf. Dyckvelt to affure your Highnefs, 
that as you could have employed nobody here who 
would have been more agreeable to your well-wifhers 
in this country, fo I am confident that nobody could 
have discharged themfelves better than he hath done, 
both in his deportments to the King, and with all the 
fatisfaclion that could have been wifhed to thofe with 
whom he has converfed concerning your Highnefs (of 
which both the numbers and quality have been very 
confiderable ;) his chief bufmefs having been to give af- 
furances to your Highnefs's great firmnefs in the pro- 
teflant religion, and to make known not only your 
wifhes, but endeavours, tliat no alteration maybe made 
amongft us, otherwife than by parliament, and as our 
law direfits. By his prudent management of thefe dif- 
courfes, he has done your Highnefs great fervice, and in 
all other things your Highnefs's worth and merit were fo 
well known before, that there needed nothing tofet them 
forth more than your own a£tions have already declar- 
ed them to the world. 

I am forry he is able to bring your Highnefs no bet- 
ter an account of our fervices during his flay here, but 
you know that our prefent ftations do render mofl of us 
but little capable of doing any thing which can deferve 
to be thought confiderable. I confefs, that could there 
be a convenient opportunity for fome of us to have a 
perfonal conference with your Highnefs, it is not only 
my opinion, but the opinion of others, who have the 
honour of correfponding with your Highnefs, that 
fome overtures might be made which would be of ufe 
to your fervice, and I hope from thefe hands your High- 
nefs is well informed of their thoughts who are devot- 
ed to your fervice. For my owd part, 1 am fo tied to 



be of that number by what I have done already (befidea 
my continued indinations to be fo) that if I wercdifpof- 
ed to alter that chara6ter, I fhould not be able to make 
myfelf believed, unlefs your Highnefs would contribute 
to it by fome proof of your difpleafure towards me, 
which I can never fear, becaufe I ara equally aflured of 
your juftice, as I am of my own integrity to your fer- 
vice, and of the fatisfactipn I have received by thofe 
happy fuccefles 1 have had in it, to which I am iure no 
competitor can pretend an equal fhare ; and therefore, if 
in this, I prefume to fay more than I ought, I hope I 
may be pardoned a little vanity, having been the happy 
inftrument of fo great a public good, as, I doubt not, it 
will at laft prove, as well as a particular one to your 
Highnefs. I am glad to find that Monf. Dyckvelt, who 
is fo able to ferve your Highnefs, Is fo well eftablifhed 
in your confidence, as I underftand by Lord Hallifax, to 
whom you gave him fuch credentials as made me willing 
to fpeak much more freely to him than otherwife I fhould 
have done ; but yet I mull: confefs to your Highnefs 
(which I rely upon your juflice to keep to yourfelf), that 
finding his Lordfhip, who received thofe credentials, 
not willing to impart fome things to him which are not 
very proper to be written, I thought it lefs prudent for 
me to fay to him all that I could wifh your Highnefs 
were truly informed of. I fay not this with the leafl: re- 
flexion upon my Lord Halifax (who, I am confident, is 
truly zealous in your fervice) but to (hew our unhappi- 
nefs, who dare not, by fecond hands, fpeak what was 
neceflary for your knowledge. 1 have only to add, that 
if I can, in any kind, be fervlceable to your Highnefs, 
your commands will meet with fo great obedience and 
faithfulnefs, that I Ihall not confider myfelf, if your 
Highnefs fliall think me worthy of the continuance of 
that favour I have formerly received, and which, I am 
fure, I have not juftly forfeited. In the mean time, I 
beg the honour of being prefented by your Highnefs, 
with all duty, to the Princefs's memory, and that I 



may imagine 'tis your Highnefs's opinion, as I truly 

Your Highnefs's moft obedient. 

And devoted fervant, 

D A N B Y.'* 

Lord Halifax to the prince of Orange. There is lit- 
tle fear that popery will prevail. 

May 31, 1687. 
" "W" Deferred my thanks for the honour of yourHigh- 
^ nefs's letter, till I could pay them by the fame 
hand that brought it. Having had the opportunity of 
difcourfing frequently, and at large, with Monf, Dick- 
velt, it would be lefs proper now to enter into particu- 
lars, or to make repetitions of that, which he will be 
fo much better able to explain. I (hall, therefore, 
only put your Highnefs in mind, that my conjectures 
about the meeting of the parliament have not hitherto 
been difappointed ; and if I may be allowed to conti- 
nae them, I am of opinion there will be none in No- 
vember, neither this, nor a new one, though that is 
threatened upon a fuppofition, tha.t it fhall be made up 
of Diflenters, and that they will comply with whate- 
ver fhall be expected from them. Neither of thefe 
will be found true, in my opinion, if the trial fhould 
be made : there are a great many circumftances which 
make fuch a fcheme impra6ticable, and the more they 
confider it, the nwre they will be difcouraged from at- 
tempting it ; befides, the cafe, in (hort, is this ; the 
great defign cannot be carried on without numbers ; 
numbers cannot be had without converts, the old ftock 
not being fufficient ; converts will not venture till they 
have fuch a law to fecure them as hath no exception to 
, it ; fo that the irregularity, or any other violence of 

the law, would fo entirely take away the effeft of it, 
that men would as little run the hazard of changing 
their religion after the making it, as before ; this rea- 



Ton alfo fixeth my opinion ; though other arguments afS 
not wanting ;Hand upon this foundation I have no kind 
of apprehenfion, that the legiflative power can ever bb 
brought to purfue the prefent defigns. But our affairs here 
depend fo much upon what may be done abroad, that our 
thoughts, though never fo reafonable, may be changed 
by what we may hear by the next poft. A war in Ger- 
many, and much more if one nearer to us, will have 
fuch influence here, that our councils muft be fitted to 
it ; and whether or no we (hall have an avowed part in it, 
it is pretty fure we fliall have a leaning to one of the 
parties ; and our refolutions at home are to be fuited to 
the interefts abroad, which we ihall happen to efpoufe. 
Mens jealoufies here are fo raifed, that they can hardly 
believe the King of France's journey to Luxembourg 
to have no more in it than bare curiofity to fee it ; but 
your Highnefs hath your eyes fo open, and your thoughts 
fo intent upon every thing that moveth, that, no doubt, 
you either fee there is no myflery, or, if there is, you 
have fearched to the bottom of it. Monf Dickvelt will 
entertain your Highnefs with all his obfervatioas, which 
he hath made with great diligence, having converfed 
with men of all complexions, and by that means he 
knoweth a great deal of the prefent ftate of our affairs. 
The opportunities he hath had, will make him the- 
more welcome here again, whenever there fhall be 
a fair occafion of bringing him. His free way of 
converfing giveth him an eafier admittance than he 
would have, if he was too referved ; and his being 
known to be a creature of your Highnefs, encourageth 
men to talk with him with lefs reftraint. May your 
Highnefs continue well and fafe, and may no ill hap-* 
pen to you, till I ceafe to be the moft devoted of yoftr 

Vol. IIL G Earl 

98 A P P E N D I 

Earl of Devon/hire to the Prince of Orange.-^-Refers 
zvhat Monf. Dyckvelt has to fay. - 


" TJRESUMING that your Highnefs has heard of 
J^ an unlucky accident that has happened to me 
lately, I think myfelf obliged humbly to befeech your 
Highnefs not to believe me capable of intending any 
rudenefs- to the King's palace, having, on the contrary, 
endeavoured all I could to avoid it, and hope no action of 
my life can render me fufpecled of want of refped: to[his 
Majefly, or the Royal Family. I could heartily wifh,Sir, 
that affairs in England were according to your High- 
jiefs's fatisfaftion. Monf. Dyckvelt has been pleafed to 
acquaint me with your Highnefs's intentions as to many 
things, and among thoufands here that would be glad 
to receive your orders on any occafion, none can be 
more cordially, nor with greater refpeQ:, Sir, 

Your Highnefs's mofl faithful. 
May the 31ft. And moft humble fervant, 


Earl of Shrewfbury to the Prince of Orange. Strong 

affurances of his fervices. 

SIR, London, May 30, 1 68 7. 

*' T Fear you will think this an unpardonable pre- 
JJL fumption in one that is fo inconfiderable, and 
fo much a ftranger to your Highnefs ; but I was unwil- 
ling to let pafs the occafion, without afluring you, that 
tho' I hope you have a great many fervants and friends 
in this place, yet there is not one more entirely and 
faithfully fo than myfelf. It is fo much every honeft 
man's intereft, not only to fay, but be fo, that I hope 
you will the eafier believe what I fpcak is not a compli- 

A P P E N D t X. 

ment, but Ihe truth of my heart; The great, and on- 
ly confolation that we have left is, that you are fo ge- 
nerous to countenance us in our misfortunes. Sir, at the 
fame time we here know you approve we are in the right. 
Your commands is the rule I have fet myfelf to con- 
duQ: the reft of my life ; and whenever I fhall be fo 
happy as to receive them, they fhall be obeyed with that 
duty that becomes. Sir, 

Your Highnefs's moft humble. 

And moft obedient fervant^ 


Sir George Mackenzie to the prince of Orange. — — ^fpi~ 
rited letter. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
** T" Have adhered to the principles of the Proteftant 
j|_ religion, and the intereft of the royal fainily 
from a due fenfe of duty and honour, atid therefore I 
neither value popularity nor expeQ: rewards; But, Sir, 
your great virtue and exemplary firmnefs obliges me to 
affure your Highnefs, that there is none in this Ifle of 
Britain more devoted to your fervice than. 
May it pleafe your Highnefs, 

Your Highnefs's moft humble fervantj 
And moft fincere well-wiflier, 

Edin.June 9, 1687. G E O. M A C K E N Z I E 

h3yin« r 

The bijhop of London to the prince of Orange.— — The 
king may come to trouhky and the prince will he his 
only fupport, 

SIR, June 16 

** X Have prefumed to recommend a young French 

X gentleman to you by the hands of Monilleur 

Bentingk, and beg your pardon for it. I was very glad 

to receive fo good affurance of your welfare as Monfieur 

G 3 Dickvelt 



Dlckvelt brought over. It is not only for yournear re- 
lation to the crown, that you are fo much prayed for 
liere ; but for your ufefulnefs to it. For if the King 
fliould have any trou'ble come upon him, which God 
forbid, we do not know any fure friend he has to rely 
upon abroad, befides youffelf, whom therefore God long 
preferve a bleffing to the King and kingdomi, which 
fhall ever be the prayer of. 

Your Highnefs's 

Moft obliged humbfe fervant, 

"The old Earl of Bedfotd to the Prince of Orange. — Ld- 
ments his own misfortunes. — Attached vjith his family tS 
the prince. — Prays for tim. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
" ^^ R E A T and furprifing honours the more joy 
^Tl" they give, the more they difable us to ex- 
prefs it, and I am not afhamed to. own I cannot fin(J 
words to reprefent the deep fenfe and juft gratitude with 
which my heart abounds, for thofe affurances Monfieur 
Dyckvelt has given me of your Highnefs's companion 
for my late calamity, and gracious difpofition to com- 
fort an unfortunate family, which I (hould be lefs con- 
cerned for than I am, if I could doubt any branch of tt 
vt^ouVd ever fail in any point of duty to your Highnefs's 
perfon, which is here univerfally held in the higheft ve- 
neration for thofe Chriftian and princely virtues that 
make you worthy of whatever your high birth has gi- 
ven you, or may entitle you to. That it would pleafe 
God to give you long life, and to continue all his blef- 
fings to you, is the hearty prayer of him that has the 
wtmoft devotion to your fervice, and is, with all humi- 
lity' . , ': ' 
May it pleafe your Highnefs, 

Your Highnefs's mofl faithful^ mod: obedient^ 
And mofl: humble fervant, 

B E D F b R Do 



Upon Monfieur Dyckvelt's departure, the Prince of 
Orange took advantage of the Queen's having notified 
to him her mother the Dutchefs of R^odena's death, 
to fend over Count Zuliften (anceftor to th,e Earl of Roch- 
ford) with compliments of condolence ; a perfon the 
more dangerous, becaufe, under the appearance of q, 
man of pleafure and a foldier, he had great talents for 
bxifinefs, and becaufe he was entitled to a degree of 
confidence from the Englifh malecontents proportione4 
to his near relation to the Prince. He flayed three 
weeks in England, 

Lord Mordaunt, with the impetuofity which was 
■natural to him, had advifed the Prince to an attempt 
.upon England, though with the inconftancy which was 
alfo natural to him, he afterwards changed his mitid, 
both of which will appear from his letter below. 
But thePrince,who was fubje6i: to neither weaknefs, gave 
it in charge to Zuliften to find out from thofe whom he 
confulted, whether there was any probability that the 
King, who hadjuft diflblved the parliament, would 
call a new one ; knowing well that the legal and confti- 
tutional mode of redrefs was by parliament, and that 
whilft there were hopes of it, all others were impro- 

The letters about Zuliften's coining over from Hol- 
land, or which were written in anfwer to letters or mefla- 
ges which he brought from the Prince, are as foUoWj 
in King William's box. 

King 'James's ^een to the Prince of Orange.- — Notifies 
the Dutchefs of Modena's death. 

Windfor,Auguft 2, 16870 
*' A I ^HE friendftiip you have ftiewed me on all occa- 
\ fiops, and the part that I have always flatter- 
ed myfelf, you took In my concerns, makes nie hope 
1 may have a great fhare of your compallion in the great 
^rie.f I ncv/ lie under, for the death of the Dutchefs of 
G 3 Alodena 


Modena my mother ; in which nothing can comfort me, 
but the hopes I have of her happinefs in the other world. 
Next to this I think it fome eafe in one's affliftions to 
have the pity of one's friends, which makes me hope 
for yours at this time, affuring you that in what 
condition foever I am, I fliall always be with all fince- 
^■ity truly yours." 

M. R. 

King 'James to the Pririce of Orange. — Count Zuliflen is 
come over ivith cofnpliments of condolence. 

Windfor, Aug. 15, 1687. 
\S "W" Have received yours by this bearer M- Zuliften^ 
\^ in which you let me know the part you take in 
the death of the late Dutchefs of Modena ; I would not let 
him return without a letter, and have only time to tell 
you now, being to fet out early to-morrow for Portf- 
mouth and fo forward on my journey, and it being late, 
thaj: you fhall always find me as kind to you as you can 
defire." ' ^ ' 

King fames' s ^ueen to the Prince of Orange.— Thanks 
for bis condolence by Zulijlen who returns. 

Bath, Auguft 21, 1687. 
Have fo many thanks to return to you for the 
part which M Zuliften has afTured me you take 
in my juft grief for the lofs of my mother, and for 
fending him to affure me of it, that I know not where 
to begin, nor how to exprefs to you the fenfe I have of 
it : I hope you are fo juft to me as to believe it much 
greater then I can make it appearin this paper. I have 
defired this bearer to help me to perfuade you of this, 
and to affure you, that I do defire above all things the 
continuance of your frierdlhip, which I cannot but 
think I do a little deferve by being with all the fmcerity 
and affedion imaginable,, truly yours, M. R. 



Lord Mor daunt to the Prince of Orange. In defpon^ 

dence. Dijfuades him from taking the hold courfes he 

had formerly advifcd him to. 

** T F as to that particular afFair I had the honour to 
J[ give your Highnefs an account of, (and that you 
were pleafed fraakly to ingage in, my expeSations are 
fo far diminifhed, that I find myfelf obliged to own I am 
become very doubtful of the fuccefs of it, and for that 
reafon muft rather difuade from, than perfuade to the 
expence thofe for whom I have, and ought to have the 
laft refpeQ:, and whofe intereft I would manage with a 
tendernefs, equal to my defire of ferving them, yet I 
think myfelf fufEciently recompenfed for any private dif- 
appointment by the profped of public affairs, and the 
hopes I have your Highnefs's intereft increafes every 
day more and more in ftrertgth^ and do not doubt will 
grow ftronger even by the endeavours of the court to 
weaken it, and be paft being fhaken by their tricks, or 
by their power. MonfieurZuliften (perhaps more pro- 
per^ as not taken for a man of bufinefs, but a particular 
fervant of your Highnefs's for what he was fent about) 
came in a very lucky time, and it was no little fatisfac- 
tion to me to find upon the whole, he will very near 
give your Highnefs an account of affairs, as I had the 
honour to reprefent them to you. Sir, I may eafily fall 
into miftakes, but my unfeigned wifhes for your profpe- 
rity, and being entirely convinced we ought toferveyour 
Highnefs to the utmoft of our power, if only on the prin- 
ciples of felf Jove, and prefervation, but thefe opinions 
too agreeing with my inclinations, will make me I am 
fure never offer to your Highnefs but the true and fin- 
cere thoughts of a heart, that I proteft. Sir, is entirely 
yours. I take the liberty to fend a little pa^riphlet as it 
came to my hands, though Monfieur Zullflen not going 
tpday as he intended, I believe he will carry fome of 
G 4 them 


them over in print, which may be eafier read, Thofe 
who fent it me concluded I believe the defign would 
pleafe me, and as I was intimating to your Highnefs 
that I thought fome of our church would do well to 
take this fubje6t in hand, I was glad to fee it not ill ex- 
ecuted. I hope it will both pleafe and fatisfy your 
Highnefs when you read it. I flatter myfelf I fhall not 
belong abfent from Loo, my old pafports ftands good 
flill, (my dear Roman catholic friends not being able to 
quit their greedy hopes, but perfifting in their defires to 
me, and entreating me every hour to proceed in this afr 
fair, though I fear, not with good reafons of their fide, 
of which 1 fent M^r. Sidney at large my thoughts, hot 
changed fince, no more than my refolutions of following 
your- Highnefs's directions in it, which way foever they 
incline, with all pleafure and readinefs.) So, Sir, I do 
"" ' not trouble you with any more of public affairs, but that 

1 find lord Halifax pofitive in his opinion of no parlia- 
ipent: I prefume daily care will be taken, that they 
rhay have lefs reafon every moment to hope to fucceed 
in \vhat alone they would have it met for, and fo it may 
become probable that the feffion may not be long, but it 
is beft erring of the furer fide, and conclude that a par- 
liament may fit, ihat the beft means may be taken to 
prevent its being fatal to us, for blows given by parlia- 
ment are deadly ones. Your Highnefs I fear will think 
you have reafon to judge quite differently of me from 
what other people do, appearing to you thus upon all 
occafions timorous, ^nd defponding.. I own. Sir, where 
your interefl-, or the public is concerned, I may be liable 
to needlefs tears, out-qf diffidence that naturally follows 
a fjncere, and real concern ; but in the executing part of 
any commands I iliall ever receive from your Highnefs, 
you will give me leave to anfwer for myfelf, and affure 
you, your Highnefs fhall never find a fault or hefjtation 
in. Sir, your Highnefs's moft obedient, humble and r^- 
fpeftful fervant, ' . 

SpptcmUer the 4th, our flyle« 



Sir, you will excufe this poftfcript ; of greaf confe- 
quence 1 think it is not, but fince I writ my letter, I am 
informed they are fending a privy feal for Sir Rowl 
Gwinn. As he loves talking of bufinefs I fear he may 
have been indifcreet, or elfe it is to endeavour to fright 
him from coming into England, to (land for parliament 


Lord Nottingham to the Prince of Orange.— -In anfwer to 
the Prince^ letter. — The Prince has put queries by Count 
Tuulejleyn whether there was a probability of a parliament^ 
and what would be the fuccefs of one. — Thinks there is 
an intention to. call a parliament, but that it will not 
e ventured. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
<« T W A S much furprifed to receive the honour of 

\ a letter frqm your Highnefs by Mr. Zuylefteyn; 
your acceptance of my fervice obliges me to the utmofl; 
fidelity, and is an ample reward of it too. 

I underfland by Mr. Zuylefteyn that your Highnefs 
would know what likelihood there is of the calling 
and meeting of a parliament ; and, if there fhould be 
one, what probably ma,y be the fuccefs of fuch a 

'Tis very hard to foretell what will be the iflue of 
the prefent councils ; for though the end at which they 
aim is very plain arjdvifible, yet the methods of arriving 
atthatendhave been very variable and uncertain ; fo that 
although in other times the heft prophecies are the con- 
jectures of wife men, yet now perhaps they are the 
worft, and to guefs right is rather luck than wifdom, ' 
which makes me prefume to lay before your Highnefs 
my apprehenfions, and to hope for your pardon if I 
ihould be miftaken, fmce wifer men may be fo too, 

I think it is very probable t)iat the prefent refolution 
js to have a parliament ; the fudden and furprifing decla- 
ration of indulgence to men, who a little before were 



hated, and laboured under great feverities; the placing 
them in offices of trufl: in corporation towns ; the encou- 
ragement of them to fland for members of the next 
parliament, and the particular reafon that is given them 
for it, which is to repeal the penal laws, in which the 
Proteftants and Papifts feem to have a joint interefl: ; 
and this, that it may appear the more fpecious without 
abrogating the teft : all thefe are evidences of their in- 
tention to advife the calling of a parliament, and toge- 
ther with the King's progrefs into the country, look pre- 
paratory to it. 

Neverthelefs, when I confider what little hopes they 
can juftly have of any fruits of thofe endeavours when a 
parliament (hall rneet,I do conclude that they will change 
their councils, and that there will be no parliament this 

For it is very likely, that if a parliament fhould be 
fummoned, the members of the church of England, hav- 
ing already- given fufficient evidence of their zeal for 
their religion and laws, will, upon that account, as well 
as being the major part of the nation, prevail in moft 
elecStions ; fo that few Diflenters, upon whom the Pa-r 
pifts do now depend, will be chofen ; and further, I an^ 
apt to think, that few Diflenters will attempt it, as 
eafily forefeeing, that if they do not comply in all things 
that are expeQed, or fhall be afked of them, they will 
expofe themfelves to great difpleafure, and fo run the 
hazard of forfeiting that toleration which they are well 
pleafed to enjoy, though they like not the method bv 
which it is given them. 

And it may reafonably be expeShed, that fuch. Diflen- 
ters as fhall be chofen, will not, in their prefent circurn- 
ftancesj concur to the repeal of fo much as the penal 
laws : for this has been their opinion in former parlia- 
ments, in which they never vs^ould give that eafe to the 
Papifts, which they defired for themfelves, and to do it 
now^,-' might encourage the Papifts to greater attempts ; 
and fhc DuTenters would never recover the reproach of 
having been factors for popery, and the unhappy inftru- ' 



ment of prejudicing the proteflant religion ; and confe- 
quently will not have fuch reafon to expe<£t a like in- 
dulgence in other times, as their prudent behaviour in 
this conjunflure will juftly intitle them to ; and which, 
they hope, will then be eftablifhed to them by a more 
firm and lafting fccurity. 

But after all, notwithftanding the pretences of fome 
Papifts and their agents, yet if the Non-conformifts 
would repeal the penal laws, it is very probable it would 
not be granted, unlefs the teft were taken away too, 
which is the great obftruQion to the Papifts defigns ; 
for though rnany of the nobility and gentry of that 
party would acquiefce in the enjoyment of their religion 
and eftates ; yet if there be reafon to think, that the 
zeal of fome men would go much further, efpecially of 
thepriefts, who can have no intereft in flopping here, 
furely they will never contra.di^ their former artificesj 
and fufFer the Diflenters to be freed from the terror of 
the laws, which is the moft probable inducement tp 
them to join with the Papifts, and without fuch an uni- 
on, the Papifts cannot expe^ to abrogate the teft, and 
complete their defigns. 

And yet if this repeal of the penal laws would be 
granted, there are fo many other things that will be 
taken into confideration by a parliament, and of a na- 
ture fo contrary to the prefent intereft and humour of 
the Papifts, that it will be next to impoflible that there 
fliould be time to bring fuch a bill to perfedion, how 
zealoufly foever it may be profecuted in the Houfe of 
Commons, or otherwife encouraged. 

All which difficulties the Papifts cannot be fo blind 
as not to forefee, or fo vain as to contend againft them, 
as yet, in a parliament. 

All which I moft humbly fubmit to your Highnefs, 
and muft intreat your pardon for the trouble, and the 
many other faults of fo long a letter, of which nothing 

' <?ouW 



could have made me guilty, but my great zeal, upon 
all occafions, to fhew myfelf 

London, Your Highnefs's mofl obedient, 

Sept. 2, 1687. • And mofl humble fervant, 

N O T T I N G H A M." 

Earl ofDanby to the Prince of Orange, in anfwer to one 
from the Prince. — 'LuyleJleyrC s fervices. — Repeats his 
defire for perfonal interview with the Prince. — Re- 
fers to Zuylefleyn. ' 

Wimbledon, Sept. 4, 1687. 
*' T W A S very proud to receive by Monfieur Zuy- 
X lefteyn the honour of a letter from your High- 
nefs, and to find in it fo great a condefcenfion as to re- 
member the fervices of one, who is now fo little able tq 
pay any. The charaf^er your Highnefs gives of Monf. 
Zuylefteyn would give me the confidence to fay any thing 
to him, which I would not venture to fay to any body but 
yourfelf ; nor would I forbear, upon that recommenda- 
tion, to fay to him any thing which were fo material to 
your Highnefs's fervice, as might receive any prejudice 
by the delay ; but I can fay nothing which is fo prefling 
in point of time, nor would I commit to writing what 
the thoughts of others are befides my own, without their 
confent, for which I have had no opportunity fi.nce I re- 
ceived your letter, which was but on the 2d inflanto 
I am fure your Highnefs will receive all neceffary ac- 
counts of things from hence as the occafions require, 
an4 Monf. Zuylefleyn will inform you of the prefent 
pofture of all things amongft us. I confefs I could wifli 
that the underftanding, both on your Highnefs's part 
and ours, were more perfe6t, in relation to fuch future 
events as may probaj^ly happen (and which are too long 
to be expreJTed by letters) ; but I have touched upon 
fome things of that kind to Mon'". Zuylefleyn, as quelli- 
ons which I have been allced by others, and he made me 
fuch anfwers as I was ^lad to hear, and v/hich he faid 
\\& was inflruQed to give, in cafe any fuch enquiries were 



made, of which he will give your Highnefs an accouiit. 
I made fome open attempts the laft fummer, and fome 
private ones in this, to have feen if I could have gained 
leave to go into Holland with the fame indifFerency 
that it is permitted to many others; but I ftill found 
defigns were laid to do me more prejudice by that jour- 
ney, than I could have done fervice to your Highnefs. 
I mufl, therefore, deny myfelf the honour of waiting 
upon your Highnefs, till my attendance may be as ufe- 
ful, as fuch an occafion would be agreeable to me ; and 
then nothing fhall be an hindrance to 

Your Highnefe's moft obedient. 

And faithful fervant, 

Ijo'rd Halifax to the Prince of Orange. — Thinks no parli- 
ament will be called f and that the nation will not receive 
popery. — Advifes caution. 


Augufl: 25, 1687. 
*' TT would be lintieceflary to give your Highnefs a 
A recommending character of my Lord of Shrewf- 
bury, who hath already fo good a one eftablifhed and 
allowed in the world ; I fhall only fay^ in fhort, that he 
is, without any competition, the mofb confiderable man 
of quality that is growing up amongft iis ; that he hath 
right thoughts for the public, and a moft particular ve- 
neration for your Highnefs ; he is loofe and untyed from 
any faOiion that might render him partial, or give a 
wrong bias to his opinion; and I do h6t doubt, but 
.upon the firft difcourfe you (hall have with him, you 
will be encouraged to tre^t hi;n without any manner of 
referve. There is fo little alteration here fmce Monf 
Dickveltleft us, that I can hardly acquaint you of any 
thing of nrioment which would be new to you, I have 
told my Lord Shrewibiiry my thoughts, who is very 
well able to improve and explain them to your High- 
i^efs. It is not to be imagined but that a certain defign 
will ftill go on ; all that is to be hoped is, that it will be 


no Appendix. 

fo crippled with the difficulties it every day mfeeteth 
with, that it will be difabled from making fo fwift a pro- 
grefs as is neceffary for the end it aimeth at. There 
arc fome things that can never prevail upon men's 
minds, if they have time allowed to confider them ; ' 
this may be the prefent cafe, the whole kingdom being 
now fo well informed, that all men are fettled in their 
diflike of the unwelcome thing that is endeavoured to be 
impofed on them : this confideration alone freeth me, 
in a great meafure^, from the fears I might otherwife 
have ; not that it throweth me into fuch a fecurity as to 
make me neglefil the means that fliall, from time to 
time, be thought mofl reafonable for our prefervation, 
towards which ydur Highnefs feemeth to us to be in 
the beft method that can be imagined, in being firm to 
your true intereft, immoveable in every thing that is 
eflential, and cautious to give no advantage which 
might, with any colour of reafon, be made ufe of 
againft you.- This condu6t being continued, can hardly 
fail, there being fo many things that concur to make it 
fucceed. I find by Monf. Zuleyftein, that your High- 
nefs is inclined to believe there will be a parliament ; 
upon which, being encouraged in my good luck in guef-* 
fing right hitherto upon the fame fubje6l:, I take the li- 
berty to tell you that I do not think any will be called, 
till, by fome accident, it fhall become neceffary and un- 
av6idable t my reafons for it will be better repeated by 
my Lord of Shrewfbury, fo that I fhall not now give 
your Highnefs the trouble of them. We are full of 
the news from Hungary, which is not equally welcome 
to the feveral Princes in Chriftendom. We think it 
may have a confiderable influence upon this part of the 
world, and if the feafon was not too far advanced, we 
are apt to believe France might this very year give 
fome trouble to its neighbours. What part we here 
might have in it, I cannot tell, but fuppofe we fhall be 
flow to engage in a war, which, befides the expence, 
to which we cannot furnifli, is liable to fo many acci- 
dents, that we IhaU n<Jt be eafily perfuaded to run the. 



hazard of it. Your Highnefs hath your thoughts intent 
upon every new thing that arifeth in the world, and 
knoweth better than any body how to improve every 
conjun6l:ure, and turn it to the advantage of that intereft 
of which you are the chief fupport ; and as your care 
and fkill will never be wanting, fo, I hope, they will 
meet with their juft reward of good fuccefs, which is 
the top of my wifhes, as it is the utmofl of my ambition 
to be ferviceable to a Prince to whom I am eternally 

London, Augufl: 25, 1687. 

Lord Halifax to the Prince of Orange. — To the fame 
purpofe. — Zuleyfiin' s fervices. 

September i, 1687. 
" TTAVING fo latejf written to your Highnefs by 
Xl my Lord^of Shrewfbury, who is able to give 
you a particular account of things here, I have nothing 
to acquaint you with by Monf. Zuleyflein, who feemeth 
to deferVe the good opinion you have of him, his cha- 
tafter agreeingfo well with his recommendation, that his 
he is extremely welcome to all thofe he converfeth with j 
neither is he wanting to make fuch obfervations as may 
be ufeful for your fervice, by which he layeth a founda- 
tion of being fo well informed of our matters here, 
that he may prove to be a very good inftrument to be 
further employed when the occafion fliall require it. 
The King has returned from his progrefs as far as Ox- 
ford, in his way to the Bath ; and we do not hear that his 
obfervations, or his journey, can give him any great en- 
couragement to build any hopes upon, as to the carry- 
ing on fome things, which appear every day to be more 
againft the grain. Befides the confiderations of confci- 
ence and the public intereft, it is grown into a point of 
honour, univerfally received by the nation, not to change 
their opinio:-, which will make all attempts to the con- 
trary very inefFedual. A parliament is ftill talked of, 
but I find no caufe to alter my judgment in that matter, 




it being flill the fame I have already told your High- 
nefs, and of which I have defined my Lord of Shrewf- 
bury to give you fome of the reafons that induce me to 
it. I have no more to add, but that I am, and ever will 
be, unalterably devoted to you " 

Bijhop of London to the Prince of Orange. ^-In anfwer to 
a letter from the Prince. — The church of England fieady. 
• — The Diffenters, he hopes^ will open their eyes. 

SIR, September 5. 

*' "\/'OUR remembrance of me by Monf. Zuiliflin, 

A has obliged me to acknowledge that great 
honour by this means ; and though I have nothing of 
moment proper to communicate by writing, neverthe- 
lefs it is of moment to me, not to lye under the impu- 
tation of ingratitude, left I fhouldjuftly lofe fo great a 
fatisfafition, as fometimes to be owned amongft your 
moft humble fervants. If you fhall find by the ac- 
count Monf. Zuiliften gives you, that I have communi- 
cated nothing to him worthy that confidence you were 
pleafed to recommend, I befeech you not to believe that 
it has proceeded from any refervednefs, where I had fo 
flrong an aflurance from yourfelf, but that I had no 
more to fay ; for fince my misfortune of lying under 
his Majefty's difpleafure, 1 frequently retire into the 
country out of reach of the great news, and when I am 
in town I meet with little but what is fo public, that it 
would be impertinent for me to repeat it. We have 
daily complaints how bufy the priefts are amongft the 
conventicles, but we hope a few difcoveries will make 
that party wifer. The clergy continue very firm^ to 
their principles, very watchful over their flocks, and 
very dutiful to the King ; and, next to my allegiance, 
I can confidently aver, that there is no duty u-hich f 



ftiall not mofl: chearfuliy pay to your fervice, and pray 
God for your profperity all the days of my life. 

Your highnefs's mofl faithful. 
And obedient fervant, 

H. L O N D O N." 

There is no doubt that the petition and imprlfonment 
of the Bifhops were the immediate caufes of the de- 
thronement of King James, becaufe they fet the fpirits 
of men, which were moving only flowly before, in an 
inftant in a ferment. Between the time of Dyckvelt*si 
return to Holland, and the petition of the Bifliops, the 
Prince received, among other letters, the following 
from England. They are all in the box. 

TT?^ Earl of Devon/hire to the Prince of Orange. — Com- 
plains of his own injuries ^ the nation's and the Prince's. 


" Y Wiih my prefent circumftances would allow me 
JL to be any ways ferviceable to your Highnefs ; but 
as they are, if I did not believe you had much better 
intelligence from other hands than I am able to give, 
I fhould prefume now and then to fend your Highnefs 
an account of aflFairs according to my weak apprehenfl- 
on of them. And to that end (if your Highnefs per- 
mit) I have thought of a private way of writing, which 
Mr. Forrefler will acquaint you with. I have been 
hardly enough ufed in my own particular, but I con- 
ceive the whole nation is not much better ; and for 
any thing appears to me, I cannot but think, as things 
are like to be carried, both here and in Ireland, your 
Highnefs's interefl: is like to fuffer. I dare not enlarge 
upon particulars, but beg of your Highnefs to believe. 
Vol. III. H that 

t.14- APPENDIX. 

that I wifh my liberty for nothing more, than to have 
forne occafion to (hew myfelf, Sir, 

Your Highnefs's moft devoted, 
July 10, Old Stile. And mofl humble Servant, 


The Bijhop of London to the Prince of Orange, in anfwer 
to the Prince's letter. — Thanks for his ajfurances to the 
church of England. 

SI R, Oaober 27, 1687. 

*' 'TT^ H E terms by which you were pleafcd to ex- 

JL. prefs yourfelf in reference to the church of 
England, were every way fo obliging and fatisfaOiory, 
that 1 look upon myfelf as bound in duty to acknow- 
ledge the deep fenfe I and every true member of the 
fame church ought to have of fo great a blefling. And 
though you are at prefent at a diftance from us, and not 
fo well able to partake of the fruits of fo good intenti- 
ons, yet when we fhall have ferved this King with all 
fidelity, fo long as it fhall pleafe God to continue him 
amongfl: us ; as none that know you will queftion the 
fincerity of your performance, fo, I make no doubt, but 
you will foon find the benefit of having taken up fo wife 
refolutions. For, Sir, you that fee all the great moti- 
ons of the world, and can fo well judge of them, know 
there is no reliance upon any thing that is not fteady to 
principles, and prefers not the common good before pri- 
vate intereft. I pray God continue to be gracious to 
you, and to direfl and profper all your councils, and to 
crown the endeavours of your life with the confummati- 
on of all happinefs ; which fhall ever be the mofl: hearty 
prayer of. Sir, 

Your Highnefs's mofl: faithful. 
And obliged fervant, 




Lady Sunderland to the Prince of Orange ^ in anfwer ia 
the Princess letter. JJjfurances of her attachment. 

" ^^r 7" H E N there Is fuch an occafion as Mr. Sid- 
V V iiey has offered me, of writing by one of 
your Highneis's ferv^ants, I could not forgive myfelf if I 
did neg!e£t returning you my humble thanks for the 
honour of your letter by Mr. Sidney. I do think my- 
felf very happy to have done any thing you like and ac- 
cept, and which I can never fail of, if ever it were in my 
power to exprefs my zeal and afFe£tion for your fer- 
vice, which can never alter but with my life. Till this 
opportunity I durft not fo much as return your High- 
nefs my thanks for your favourable reception of my in- 
tentions ; and I have at prefent fo great a head-ache, 
that I have writ, if poflible, a ftranger hand than ordina- 
ry ; but yet I could not lofe this opportunity of afluring 
you of my being, with all the duty, as well as inclinati- 
on, Sir, 

Your Highnefs's moft faithful, 
Dec. 23, 1687. Humble, and obedient fervant^ 


Earl of Devon/hire to the Prince of Orange. 


JE n'ay garde de laiffer pafler cette occafion d'aflurer 
votre AltefTe de mes tres humbles fervices, et de 
prendre la liberte de luy temoigner en peu de mots mes 
penfees fur la lettre qui a paru icy depuis quelques joiirs 
fous les nom de Monfieur Fagel. On efl ravi d'y trou- 
ver les fentiments de votre Alteffe et de Madame la 
Princefle en matiere de religion, non feulement fi equi- 
tables, mais fi conformes a I'interefl; et au gout de toute 
la nation, fi ce n'cft de ceux qui par une pretendue liberte 
de confcience, cherchent Toccafion de la detruire entiere- 
ment, comme en effet on le voit en tooj^Jes lieux ou ils 
Ha . on£ 


ont depouvoir de la faire. On y remarque une diilinc- 
tion tout a fait judicieufe,des loix appelle Penales, a cel- 
ks du Tefl: ; puifque ces dernieres ne regardent que, U 
maintien de la religion et du gouvernement, qui fans ce 
boulevart courent grand rifque d'etre renverfes. Ce 
qui me regarde en particulier, ne vaut pas la peine d'en 
importuner votre AltefTe ; cependant je ne fouhaitte pas 
qu'elle le futpas d'autres voyes, avant que je me don- 
naffe Thonneur de lui en toucher quelque chofe. Je 
prens done la liber te de lui mander, que le marriage de 
men fils avec la fille de Madame Ruflel eft fur le point 
d'etre conclu ; auquel jefupplietres humblement Pagree- 
ment de votre Altefle, ce que reglera toujours la con- 
duite de Monfeigneur, 

De votre Altefle le tres humble, 

Et tres obeiffant ferviteur, 



The Earl ofDevonJhire to the Prince of Orange. — Congra- 
tulates him on his conduSf about Fagel and Stuart's 

My Lord, 
T Cannot let this occafionpafs of afluring your Highnefs 
"^ of my moft humble fervices, and to take the liberty of 
teftifying to you, in a few words, my thoughts upon the 
letter which has appeared here a few days ago under the 
name of Mr.Fagel. People are in raptures to find the fenti- 
ments of your Highnefs and of the Princefs in matters of 
religion, not only fo equitable, but fo agreeable to the 
intereft, and to the tafte of all the nation, except thofe 
who by a pretended liberty of confcience feek the op- 
portunity to deftroy it intirely, as in effeft is feen in all 
places where they have the power to do it. People re- 
mark in the letter a diftinQ:ion altogether judicious be- 
tween the laws which are called Penal, and thofe of the 



Teft ; feeing thefe lad have no regard but to the main- 
tenance of the religion and government, which without 
this bulwark run a great ri{k of being overturned. What 
regards me in particular, is not worth the while to trou- 
ble your Highnefs with ; yet I do not wifh that you 
fhould know it from others, before I do myfelf the ho- 
nour to touch upon it to you. I take then the liberty 
to inform you, that the marriage of my fon Avith the 
daughter of lady Ruffel is upon the point of being con- 
cluded ; to which I beg the approbation of your High- 
nefs, which will always regulate the condu€t of. 
My Lord, your Highnefs's moft 

obedient, and moft humble fervant, 


The Marquis of Winchejier to the Prince of Orange^ by 
Mr. Howe, in anfwer to a letter from the Prince. — His 
gratitude for the honour of it. 


<* T Am fo fenfible of the great honour that your High- 
J- nefs is pleafed, by my dear nephew Howe, to 
exprefs for me, and likewife the great grace and favour 
he received from your Highnefs, that I hold myfelf 
obliged (with all humble fubmiffion for the prefumption) 
to declare my gratitude under my own hand, intreating 
your Highnefs to believe, that my prayers and beft 
wilhes are and ever (hall be for your increafe of glory 
and happinefs fuitable to your bravery and merit, and 
that high efteem your Highnefs has over all this part 
of the world, which (hall always have the firft place in 
the heart of. 

Your ferene Highnefs's moft dutiful, 
jBafing, Feb. 20, And obedient, humble fervant, 


H 3 Earl 



Jiarl cf Shrsivfiury to the Prince of Orange^ by Mr. 
Howe, in anj'wer to a letter from the Prince. — Is to be 
with the Prince injummer. The Fang makes no progrefs 
either in England or Scotland. 

London, March 14, 1687-8. 
" Y C^'*^ "^-> Sir, let Mr. Howe, who goes away 
j| this afternoon, part without making my humble 
acknowledgements to your Highnefs for the kind ex- 
preffions in your letter j if the flate of our affairs here 
will any ways permit, I will not fail this fummer to pay 
them in peifon, and ihall he difappointed of a journey 
. i very earnellly fet my heart upon, if things fhould 
come to fuch an extrem.e as to prevent me. The only 
confiderable news! can learn here is," that there has a dif- 
agreement happened between my Lord Sunderland and 
Fra. Peters ; how that may be compofed, or what con- 
fequences it will have if it continues, I dare not decide. 
Though we conftantly talk of a parliament, yet I ima- 
gine our mlnfters are a little at a fland in their councils, 
when they confider- hov\; unanimous t'/ie anfwers have 
been through all the counties ; neither have they met 
'vvith much better fuccefs, as I am informed, in Scot- 
land. I have this very morning, Sir, met with a report, 
which though I hope it is not true, yet it has renewed 
the fears I very often had for you : we are told there is a 
man feized at the Ha^ue for attempting to poifon you. 
Though I have not this from fo fure hands as to give 
abfolute credit to it, yet I cannot help putting your 
Highnefs in mind how poflible it is, and beg in the be- 
half of millions that you will take care cf yourfelf; it 
i'eems hard that one fhould be folicitous for others fake, 
when one is naturally not fo for onefelf. But the fame 
generofity that in ordinary cafes makes one defpife a life, 
in fo extraordinary a circumflance as yours obliges you 
to be careful, fmce the fecurity and happinefs not only of 
many men but many nations depend upon it ; be, Sir, but 
as zealous to preferve yourfelf for the common good, as 
you have been forward to cxpofe it for the iame caufe, 



and all your fervants will remain fatisfied with your 
care: that it may be effe6tual, jfhall be the daily and 
hearty wifli£s of. 

Sir, Your Highnefs's moft obedient. 

And faithliil, humble fervant, 


Marquis of Winchejier to the Prince of Orange, by Mr. 
Ho-we, in anjkver to a letter from the Prince. — Probably 
a cant letter ajfuring the Prince ofhisfervices. 

*' T Received your moil ferene Highnefs's letter, and 
^ fince you are pleafed to defire the conclufion of 
the match propofed, to {how your Highnefs how ready I ' 
am on my part in obeying your commands, I have im- 
mediately fent over a gentleman to make out what I have 
promifed (which I will perform) by Captain Howe my 
dear nephew, and I do not doubt but that the Marquis 
of Montpelier, my ancient friend and acquaintance, will 
do the fame, and then this gentleman I fend has power 
to conclude. I am infinitely obliged to your Highnefs 
for your many kind expreffions to me, which I will al- 
ways own by all the duty and fervice that ever can be 
paid to your mod ferene Highnefs, 

Bafing, By your moft dutiful and obedient, 

April j6, 1688, And moft obliged humble fervant, 


Marquis of Winchejier to the Prince of Orange.-^Sends 
over his two fans to vijit the Prince, 

Bafing, April 23, 1688. 

" T Cannot omit any opportunity humbly to prefent 
X my duty and fervice to your moft ferene High- 
nefs by a fafe hand. This I know to be fo, having had 
great experience of my friend captain Man's fidelity and 
H 4 ingenuitie. 




ingenuitie, having intruded him in many matters of great 
moment, in which I always received full and ample fa- 
tisfa6lion ; I therefore have humbly recommended Yyim 
to your Highnefs's favour, which he is very ambitious 
to have, I hope this fmall eflay of my fervice will be 
agreeable to Youf moft ferene Highnefs, offered with all 
duty, by 

Your Higfinefs's moll: dutiful. 

Obedient, and moft obliged, humble fervant, 

i humbly defire leave to prefent my humble duty and 
fervice to her royal Highnefs. 

My fon Wilts will foon pay his own and my duty to 
your moll: ferene Highnefs, going over this w^eek ; my 
fon William is impatient to do the fame, and though I 
am loath to part with hira before his brother returns, 
yet I have that defire that all mine fhould fhew their 
duty to your Highnefs, that I will deny my own in- 
clination, (as foon as I can overcome it) and fend him 
to lie at your feet, for he is fully devoted to your 
fervice and intereft. I envy my fon's happinefs, which 
nothing but my ill health could hinder me from enjoying, 
but I freely fubmit to God's will to be deprived of that 
great pleafure I defire earneftly." 

pjrt of a letter from Lord Danby to the Prince of Orange. 
— Infinuates fufpicions of the ^ieen^s pregnancy. — The 
nation wants only an opportunity to Jhetv their %eal for 
his fervice. 

London, March 27, 1688. 
ANY of our ladies fay, that the Qiieen'? 

_ great belly feems to grow fafter than they 

have obferved their own to do ; and becaufe it is fit her 
Majefty fhould always have the greateft perfons near 
her in this condition, I hope the Princefs will take care 
that the Princefs Anne may be always within call ; and 
efpecially to fee (vv^hen the time is near) that the mid? 



wife dlfcharges her duty with that care which ought to 
be had in a cafe of fo great concern. Our zeal here for 
the Protcftant religion does apparently increafe every 
day in all parts of the nation, and the examination of 
the minds of the nobility and gentry has made fuch an 
union for the defence of it through the Kingdom, that I 
verily believe they begin to defpair of fupplanting it by 
violent means, and it is certain they can do it no other 
way. The conftancy and firrnnefs which both the Prin- 
cefles have fhewed in their religion, and your Highnefs's 
mind in relation to things here (which was fo prudently 
made known by Monfieur Fagel's letter) has fo contri- 
buted alfo to add courage to that union, that I look upon 
our fecurity to be much frrengthened by it, as well as 
both your highneffes interefts raifed here beyond your 
own expe£tations, infomuch that I am confident there 
wants only an opportunity to thegreatefi: part of the na-t 
tion to Ihew their zeal for your fervice. I mufl beg 
your Highnefs's excufefor fo tedious a letter, and yet I , 
am defirous to have faid much more, but that without 
fome difcourfe to explain myfelf, I might be liable either 
to have my meaning miftaken, or not fully underftood, 
which v/ould only be to give your Highnefs an ufelefs 

I have one thing only to lament, that although our 
union in general be very great, yet particular diftrufts 
are fo great alfo, as render many good intentions very 
ineffectual. I am, with all that duty and refpeO: I 
ought to be, your Highnefs's moit faithful and obedient 

fart of Lord Danby's letter to the Prince of Orange. — The 
King's fufpicions of the Prince. 

London, March 29, 168S. 

" "T Am forced to give your Highnefs the trouble of 

j[^ this fecond letter, to inform you, that upon my 

fon's afking the King's leave to go beyond fea, his Ma • 



jefty granted the leave, but faid with fome heat. Pro- 
vided it be not into Holland, for I will fuffer nobody to 
go thither. My Ton anfwering that he had no defign 
of any thing but to fee a country he had not feen ; the 
King anfwered. Perhaps fo, but he had relations who had 
other defigns there, and he knew there were thofe in 
Holland Avho gave themielves hopes of feeing fome 
Engliih Lords at the head of feme of their fquadrons, 
but he would take care to prevent it. After this dif- 
courfe to my fon, which was in a room next to the 
bed-chamber, he came out into the bed- chamber, and 
my Lord Dumbarton and Lord Litchfield being only 
there, the King faid to my Lord Dumbarton, I find they 
are much furprifed in Holland with my raifing three 
new regiments; tO which my Lord Dumbarton anfwer- 
ed, that he wondered why they fhould be fo ; the King 
replied, they would be furprifed much more before he 
had done with them. This was on the 27th at night, 
and on the 28th my fon went to court to get his pafs 
from one ol the Secretaries of State, and the King hap- 
pening to fee him, called him to one fide of the room, 
and faid. My lord, I had newly received fome news laft 
nio"ht when you fpoke to me, which had difturbed me, 
and made me fpeak to you in fome diforder, therefore I 
would not have you take notice of any thing I then faid 
to you, for I dare truft you to go where you will; but faid. 
If you go only for curiofity, you might as well fatisfy 
that elfewhcre as in Holland." 

EarlofDevonJhire tothe Prince of Orange. 


« XE n'ay py trouver une occafion avant le depart de 
^ Monfieur Howe de temoigner ma tres humble 
reconnoiflance a votre Altefle de toutes les bontes qu'elle 
a pour moy. Les affaires icy font a peu pres dans le 
meme etat. Le Roy declare toujours fon intention de 
convoquer un p;;rlement, quoique les affaires ne femblent 



^ii€rres difpofees a cela. On croit que ce pourra etre 
eaviron le terns des couches de la Reyne. Les catholi- 
ques Romains voulans abfolument que ce foit d'un fils, 
et d'ailleurs 1' armeede Hounflow fera dans le voifinage. 
Ce ne fon que des conjectures, et votre Altefle ne peut 
pasmanquer de lumieresbien plusauthentiques que cel- 
Jesqueje fuis capable de luy donner. Mais il eft con- 
ftant, qu' on s'attend a de grandes extremites. Toutes 
nos efperances font fondees fur la feurete de votre per- 
fonne, et de celle de Madame la Princeffe, lefquelles 
Dieu preferve de toutes fortes de machinations et d' at- 
tentats. Perfonne le fouhaitte avec plus d' ardeur et de 
pailion que fait, Monfeigneur le plus obfequieux et le 
plus humble de tous vos ferviteurs 

D E V O N S H I R E." 
Le 13 me deMars, V.S, 


Earl of Devonjhire to the Prince of Orange, by Mr. 
Hovje. — Infnuates fifpicions of the ^eeii' s pregnancy. 

My Lord, 
f^ "^ Have not found an occafion before the departure 
j[ of Mr. Howe to teftify my humble gratitude 
to your Highncfs for all your goodnefs to me. Affairs 
here are almoft in the fame ftate. The king declares al- 
ways his intentions to affemble a parliament, although 
matters do not feem difpofed for it; they believe that it 
will be about the time of the Queen's being brought to 
bed. The Roman Catholics incline abfolutely that it ' 
fliould be a fon ; and befides, the army at HounfloviT will 
be in the neighbourhood. Thefe are only conjectures, 
and your Highnefs cannot want lights much more au- 
thentic, than thofe which I am capable of giving. But 
it is certain, that we expe6l great extreimites. AH 
our hopes are founded upon the fecurity of your perfon, 
and that of the Princefs, both of whom may God pre- 
^erye from all plots and attacks. Nobody wifhes ii 




with more ardour and paffion, than does, my Lord, 
the mofl obfequious and the moft humble of all your 

1 3th March, Old Stile. DEVONSHIR E." 

Lord Hall'ifax to the Prince of Orange.- — —The King 

gains nothing on the nation.- "Advifes to cautious 


*' T Avoid giving your Highnefs unneceflary trouble, 
X and though this hath a good convenience, yet it 
may, perhaps, be fo long in its way to you, that it 
will not be pertinent to repeat what you will have had 
from other hands. There hath been little that is new 
this great v«?hile, fince either the old methods have 
continued, or elfe what appeareth to be new, is at leaft 
not ftrange, being produced by a natural confequence, 
and therefore to be reafonably expected and forefeen. 
In fome particulars, to men at a diftance, the engine 
feemeth to move faft, but by looking nearer, one may 
fee it doth not flir upon the whole matter, fo that here 
is a rapid motion without advancing a ftep, which is 
the only miracle that church hath yet fhewed to us. 
Every attempt turneth back upon them. They change 
the magiftracy in the corporations, and ftill for the 
worfe, as to their defigns. The irregular methods 
have fpent themfelves without efFe<5l ; they have run fo 
faft that they begin to be out of breath, and the exer- 
cife of extraordinary powers, both ecclefiaftical and 
civil, is fo far from fixing the right of them, that men 
are more united in objecting to them. The world 
is flill where it was, with this only difference, that it 
groweth every day more averfe to that which is endea- 
voured to be impofed upon them. The very Papifts 
who have eftates, a£t like preffedmen, and have fuch 
an eye to what may happen in a revolution, that their 
prefent advantages hardly make amends for their fears; 
wpon the whole, they are fo divided between the fear 



of lofing their opportunity by delay, or fpoiling it with 
too much hafte, that their fteps are wavering and un- 
certain, and diftrufting the very inftruments they ufe, 
they are under great mortifications, notwithftanding the 
appearance of carrying every thing without oppofition. 
Being thus difcouraged by their ill fuccefs in their at- 
tempts, fome fay they are altering their fcheme, and 
not finding their expeflations anfwered by the DilTen- 
ters, th&y have thoughts of returning to their old friends, 
the High Church Men ; but the truth is, the Papifls 
have of late been fo hard and fierce upon them, that 
the very fpecies of thofe formerly miftaken men is de- 
ftroyed ; they have fo broken that loom in pieces, that 
they cannot now fet it up again to work upon it : in 
the mean time the men at the helm are certainly divid- 
ed amongft themfelves, which will produce great ef- 
feQ:s, if men will let it work, and not prevent the ad- 
vantages that may be expeded, by being too unquiet, 
or doing things out of feafon ; the great thing to be 
done now, is to do nothing, but wait for the good 
confequences of their divifions and miftakes. Unfea- 
fonable ftirrings, or any thing that looketH like the 
Proteftants being the aggreffors, will tend to unite them, 
and by that means will be a difappointment to thofe 
hopes, virhich otherwife can hardly fail : nothing, 
therefore, in the prefent conjunSture can be more dan- 
gerous than unfkilful agitators, warm men, who would 
be a8:ive at a wrong time, and want patience to keep 
their zeal from running away with them. It is faid by 
fome, that there is an intention of making a new at- 
tempt to beget a better underllanding with your High- 
nefs ; that in order to it, the prefent Envoy, as lefs ac- 
ceptable, is to be removed, and another fent, who, if 
he fhould be lefs. known, may, perhaps, for that very 
reafon, be the more dangerous : if this fhould be true, 
and thatfofter propofals fhould be made from hence, it 
will deferve all your caution to receive them fo as nei- 
ther to give advantage by rejeding them too roughly or 



one fide, or on the other, by giving any colour for 
them to pretend there is a confent given to any thing 
that may be inconvenient. After the reports raifed here, 
without any manner of ground, firft of your Highnefs 
being a Pap'ft, then of your being defirous to have the 
Teft repealed, there is nothing of that kind which may 
not be thought poflible ; fo that if there fhould nou- be 
any nearer treaty, it might, perhaps, be made ufe of 
with more advantage by them, to miflead men at a 
ditlance into a wrong belief In lower inftances, it 
hath not been unufual, in fuch cafes, to fet propofals on 
foot, of which no other effeS is expe6ted, than to bring 
men under doubts and fufpicions from their own friends. 
The inftruments that fhall be made ufe of, their inter- 
efts and dependencies being well confidered and examin- 
ed, will give a great deal of light, if any thing of this 
kind fhould be attempted ; and it happeneth well, that 
they will have to do with one who knoweth fo well how 
to judge of men and things, as not to be within the 
danger of being eafily furprifed, neither by any upon 
this occafion, nor by any other of our countrymen who 
fpeak what is diftated to them by men of feveral inter- 
efts, or endeavour to value themfelves upon their cor- 
refpondencies and influences here, which, I doubt, have 
feldom foundation enough for your Highnefs to build 
upon. There can be nothing better recommended to 
you, than the continuance of the method which you 
prafilife ; neither comply in any thing that is unfit, nor 
to provoke further anger by any aft that is unneceflary. 
This will not, perhaps, be fufficient to prevent ill will, 
but it will, in a great meafure, fecure you from the ill 
effe6ls of it. Your Highnefs muft allow me to applaud 
my good fortune in not having hitherto made a wrong- 
conjecture about the fitting of the parliament : not- 
withftanding the difcourfes that have been made by the 
great men, with thp greateft afiurance, that it would 
meet one time after another, lever thought it imprafti- 
cable, confidering the riieafures that are taken, and I 



am now as much an unbeliever for October, as T was 
for April, which was the time prefixed for the meeting ; 
with all this your Highnefs muft expefl:, that it will 
ftill be given out, there will be one ; it is not, perhaps, 
thought convenient, neither indeed would it be fo, that 
all foreign Princes andftates fhould conclude, there ne- 
ver will be a parliament in England in this King's 
reign ; a great deal would depend upon fuch an opinion 
received, which vi^ould have an influence upon their 
manner of treating with us ; but according to the mod 
rational conjeQ:ure, how extraordinary foever things 
may appear which have been done, the letting a par- 
liament meet as matters now Hand, would fo undo theai 
all, that it is hardly to be fuppofed poflible. The 
other great point which at prefent maketh the difcourfe, 
is, whether England will have a war with the States ; 
in this, the more thinking fort of men are of opinion 
there will be none. There is difpofition enough for it, 
for reafons which need not be explained ; but there are 
fo many difcouraging circumftances, and the prejudice 
from ill fuccefs would be fo much greater than the ut- 
mofl which can be hoped in cafe of profpering, that 
the men in power muft go againft all the common me- 
thods of arguing, if they venture upon an experiment 
which may be fo deftruftive to them. I have tired your 
Highnefs fo long, that it is time forme to clofe with my 
wifhes for your own and the Princefs's health, which 
are of that confequence to the world, that nothing can 
be defperate whilft you are well and fafe. For myfelf, 
I muft ever be unalterably devoted to you. 

London, April 12, 1 

Some of the preceding letters mention the vain at- 
tempts of the King to gain over individuals to agree to 
the abolition of the Tefts. The following papers are 
authentic evidences of this. 




In the Duke of 
Hamilton's pof- 

King ya?nes to the Duke of Hamilton.' Deftres a poji- 

tive anfwer whether he will agree to the abolition of 
the Tejls. 

Whitehall, Feb. ii, 1688. 
*' T3 EFO RE this gets to you, you will have had 
A3 time to dircourfe with fome cue of the law, as 
well as of the gofpel, concerning the Teft and Penal 
laws, fo that you may as well now, as at any time, 
give an account if you can comply with what I defire, 
and join with thofe of my loyal fubjeOis who are for the 
repeal of thefe laws and Teft, and for fettling an entire 
liberty of confcience, which you know is what I drive 
at, and make no doubts of bringing about in all my 
dominions. You fee the eondefcenfion I had for you, 
in not expeSting an anfwer from you before you left 
this place, and that now I do not let this queftion be 
afked you by any but myfelf ; but now I muft do it, and 
expeQ: your pofitive anfwer as to thefe points I have 
mentioned to you, and of which I difcourfed with you 
before you went, and that by letter to myfelf. If you 
come the length of what I defire, of which I can make 
no doubt, then I leave it to you to let the reft of thefe, 
I truft in my affairs there, know it or not, as you think 
beft. But in cafe you cannot comply, then you are to 
let nobody know it but myfelf and Lord Sunderland, 
who fends this to you : and I exped your pofitive an- 
fwer within two or three days after your having re- 
ceived this. 


In the Duke of 
Hamilton's pof- 

"The Duke of Hamilton to King James, in anfwer to the 
foregoing. Defires time to confider. 

** 'VT OUR Majcfty's letter did extremely furprife 

X me, to find I had miftaken the time 3^our 
Majefty had allowed me to confider of the repealing 


A p p E :Sr D I X. 529 

our Penal laws and Teft* Since I came to this place I 
have had very ill health, and this being the laft week 
of the feffion, I have not had the opportunities (o to 
difcourre with any one of the law or gofpel, as to re.. 
ceive that fatisfa6tion as I can give your Majeflya po- 
fitive anfwer how far I may join in the repeal of the 
Penal laws and Tell for fettling an entire liberty of con- 
fcienCe. I have been ever and am ftill of the fame opi- 
nion, that none lliould fuffer for confcience-fake ; and 
that every peaceable fubjeQ: fhould be allowed the ex- 
ercife of their own religion ;i, but how this is to be done 
with fecurity to the Proteftant religion, our laws, and 
oaths, is in my humble opinion what will deferve feri- 
ous confideration, and is above what I can prefently 
determine myfelf in. Therefore I do moft humbly beg 
of your Majefty to pardon my not being more pofitive 
in my anfwer, and allow me a forbearance till I wait ori 
you, and your Majefty may be aflured, as on earth I 
defire nothing fo much as your favour ; fo it will be no 
earthly confideration will make me do any thing to lofe 
it, which would be the greateft affliction could come 
to. Sir, 

Your Majefty's 

Moft humble, moft faithful. 

And moft obedient fubjed, and fervailt." 

In Lord VrtfiorCi copy-book of dtfpatches there is the 
following order„ 

" r'l'"^ H A T the Lord Lietitenant of the counties in Mr. Gra= 
1 ^f Cumberland, and Weftmoreland do call be- i^^"»'^ P^^^^''^'^- 
fore him, all the depUty-lieutenants, and juftices of the 
peace, within his lieutenancy, either jointly, or fepa- 
tately, as he ftiall think beft, and afk them, one by one, 
the following queftions. 
Vol. III. I If 


1. If in cafe he (hall be chofen Knight of the Shire, 
or Burgeffe of a town, when the King fhall think fit 
to call a parliament, whether he will be for taking oft 
the Penal laws, and the Tefts. 

2. Whether he will affift, and contribute, to the 
election of fuch member, as (hall be for taking off the 
Penal laws, and Tefls. 

3. Whether he will fupport the King's declaration 
for liberty of confcience, by living friendly with thofe 
of all perfuafions, as fubjeds of the fame Prince, and 
good Chriflians ought to do. 

As he (hall afk thefe queilions of all deputy -lieuten- 
ants, and juftices of the peace ; fo he (hall particularly 
write down what every one anfwers, whether he con- 
fents, refufeth, or is doubtful. 

That he likewife do bring the King as good an ac- 
count as he can of all the feveral corporations within the 
lieutenancy. What perfons, of fuch as are willing to 
comply with thefe meafures, have credit enough of 
' their own, to be chofen parliament men, or may be 
chofen, if aflfifled by their friends. 

And laftly, what Catholicks, and what dilTenters are 
fit to be added, either to the lift of the deputy-lieu- 
tenants, or to the commKTion of the peace, throughout 
the faid lieutenancy. 

After the petition of the Bi(hops, the connexion of 
the Prince of Orange with the friends of liberty in 
lEngland was carried on chiefly by Mr. RulTel afterwards 
Earl of Orford, and Mr. Sidney afterwards Earl of 
Romney, until the birth of the Prince of Wales, when 
the carelefs air of count Zulil^en was a fecond time 
made ufe of upon an errand of ceremony, to congratu- 
late the birth of the Prince of Wales. But the real 
intention of his journey Xvas to concert with the Prince's 
friends, his intended expedition to England. 

From the time of the Biilaops prefenting their peti- 
tion in the middle of May 1688, till the beginning of 



Auguft, when Mr. Sidney went to Holland, and count 
Zuliften returned to it, there are in King William's 
box the following letters, among others, to the Prince 
of Orange. 

Admiral Herbert to the Prince of Orange. Upon thi 

prince's invitation communicated by Kujfel^ isfoon to go 
to Holland. 


tx -K-n^ jg ffQj^ your Highnefs's great generofity, that 
JL I muft hope for pardon for prefuming to write 
in fo unpoiiilied a flile, which will not furnifh me with 
words fuitable to the fenfe I have of your Highnefs's 
goodnefs to me in the midft of my misfortunes. Sir, 
it is from Mr. Ruffel I have underflood it to be your 
pleafure I fhould come over, where I may be affured of 
your Highnefs's protection ; it is a favour I mean very 
foon to embrace, though lean nex^er fufficiently acknov/- 
ledge it either by expreffion or afition, and therefore 
can only fay, 1 have a life entirely at your devotion^ 
and that I fhail think every hour of it loft that is not 
employed in your Highnefs's fervice, to which if t can 
any ways contribute I fhall no longer think myfelf un- 
fortunate : this is what I moil humbly beg your High- 
hefs will believe, and that I am with great fincerity. 


Your moft humble, and moft faithful fervant, 

London, May AR. HERBERT." 

the 24th. 

1 2 Lord 


Lord Shreivjbury to the Prince of Orange, Anxious for 

a pretence to go to the Prince. 

London, May 14, 1688. 
** T T TE live here, Sir, in a country where one 
\j\ muft be of a very temperate ,con{litution, 
not to meet with vexations that will more than try one's 
patience. I confefs I had fo fet my heart upon the hopes 
of kifllng your Highnefs's hands this fummer, that it is 
with great regret that I fee myfelf in danger of being 
difappomted of what I fhall always efteem my pleafure 
as well as my duty : but wifer people affure me, that 
the jealoufies of our fuperiors augment fo faft, that fuch 
a journey would be unferviceable to you, as well as un- 
fafe to me. There is not a day that Mr. Sidney and I 
do not heartily lament this difappointment, and when 
one confiders, that thefe fufpicions are merely grounded 
Hpon their own actions, and the refentment they guefs 
we may have of them, but not upon any occafion we 
have given, it feerris a little too fevere to be puniflied 
and reflrained, becaufe one has been already ill ufed. 
If I am a little warmer upon this fubjeft than I ought, 
you would foon pardon me, if you knew how much I 
abominate all excufes ; becaufe commonly they are but 
ihifts ; and now to be forced to make one to your High- 
nefs, who of all men living I honour and efteem the 
mofl, is a hardftiip I cannot eafily forgive ; but I will 
not yet abfolutely defpair, there are many accidents may 
happen to give me a pretence, and the leaft plaufible 
one I affure you fhall ferve my turn ; and in what part of 
the world foever I am, I fhall always be. Sir, 
Your Highnefs's moft faithful. 

And obedient, humble fervant, 




Lord Lumley to the Prince of Orange With an offer 

of his fervicesp 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
" rnr^HE refpe£t and duty of all that can fafely call 
J themfelves Englillimen is fo much due to your 
Highnefs, that to defer any opportunity of (hewing it 
were to negieO: that interefl: which can only make us 
happy. This, Sir, encouraged me humbly to offer 
to your Highnefs the utmoftof my fervices, and to af- 
fure you that there is no man in England, on whom 
your Highnefs may more certainly depend for whatever 
fervice I am capable of doing you. Until fuch time 
as I may have the honour of receiving any dire6:ions 
from your Highnefs, the good of my country fhall be 
by all means endeavoured by me, on whofe fate your 
Highnefs's does not a little depend. That happinefs 
may enfue to both, Ihall be always the endeavour of 
your Highnefs's 

Moft devoted and humble fervant, 
Mayaifl. LUMLEY." 

There is in the box the following key to names in 
the hand-writing of Mr. Sidney, inclofed in one of his 
letters at this time to the Prince of Orange, without 
which the cyphers in fome of the letters could not be 

-' Lord Halifax - - - 


Lord of Nottingham - - _ 


Lord Devonjhire 


Lord Shrew/bury - - - 


Lord of Danhy . _ - 


Lord Lumley 


Lord of Bath 


Bifnop of London - - 


Mr. Sidney - - - 


Mr. Rujfel - - 


This I defire you to keep by you." 

L3 Notwithflanding 



Notwithftanding the Prince of Orange's defire to go 
to England, he avoided indulging it until he fhould re- 
ceive an invitation ftom feme of the great Englifli fami- 
lies. The following letter written either in a woman's 
hand, or in a hand feigned like a woman's, relates to 
fuch an invitation then in ag-itation. 

To the Prince of Orange. — The invitation he expels not 
yet feady. — Lord Halifax backward. 

June 1 8, 1685. 
HIS I fuppofe will be fp.fely delivered,^ but 
yet I {hall not fay much ; in a few days you 
will receive another, wherein you will know the mind 
of your friends. I believe you expeSed it before now, 
but it could not be ready ; this is only in the name of 

Netting Shrewfb. Danby. 

your principal friends, which are • 

23. 25. *7. 

©. of London. Sidney. 

■ to defire you to defer making your 

31. 33. 

complement till you have the letter I mention ; what 
they are likely to advife in the next, you may eafily 
guefs, and prepare yourfelf accordingly. I fhall write 
by Mr. Fo{]:er, who hath a mind to be employed, and 
will talk to you of things of importance; you know 
how he is to be managed, therefore I need give no 
further caution. The Lords 1 believe will zQl vigorouf- 
ly in the bufinefs of the billiops ; they (tjie bifhops) 
refolve when they come to their tri.^d to deny thejurif- 
diQiion of court, which will anger extremely, and 
draw great punifliment upon ihemfelves. Then the 


Lords will petition in their behalf. hath been 

ai. ■ 


backward in all this matter. hath been with 


me this afternoon, and I find will be entirely your friend." 



Earl of Shrezv/bury to the Prince of Orange.— He is as 
much his fervant on the iSib, as he was on the gthof 

London, June i8, 1688. 
" TJ ATHER than dlfoblige Mr. Fofter, I am forc- 
J[\k. ed to trouble your Highnefs. I promifed to 
write by him, and had then a- profpeft of faying more 
than I am now able to do, but I hope that will not be 
deferred many days. I have the honour and happinefs 
to know your humour too well to fill up a letter with 
compliments, having nothing fubftantlal to fay, but tha^ 
I am this eighteenth of June as I was the ninth. 
Your Highnefs's mpfl; devoted. 

And obedient, humble fervant, 


The expreffion in this letter that he was as much 
the Prince of Orange's at the date of the letter, is fin- 
gular. It either refers to fome meeting of the partv 
which had been on the 9th of June, or it implies that 
the birth of the Prince of Wales, which was on the 
loth of June, had made no alteration in his fenti- 

At length the invitation for the Prince to come over, 
or lather the afibciation for joining him when he fhould 
come, v/as figned on the 30th of June 1688, by Lord 
Devonfhire, Lord Danby, Lord Shrewsbury, Lopd 
Lumley, the Bilhop of London, Admiral Ruflel, and 
Mr. Sidney. Immortal feven ! whofe memories Bri- 
tain can never fufficiently revere. The original is in 
Sidney's hand in King William's box, as follows. 

I 4 The 


1-6 4 P P E N D I 

^l)e ajjociation Jigned only by feven^ inviting the prince of 
Orancre over. 

June 3Q, 1688. 

'E have great fatisfa£lion to find by 35, and 
fince by Monf. Zuleftein, that your High- 
re'^5 Is fo ready and willing to give us fuch aftiftances a 
they have related to us. We have great reafon to be- 
lieve, we (hall be' every day in a worfe cpndition than 
we are, and lefs able to defend ourfelves, and therefore 
we do earneftly wifh we might be fo happy as to find a 
remedy before it be too late for us to contribute to ouc 
own deliverance ; but although thefe be pur wiflies, yet 
we will, by no means put your Highnefs into any ex- 
peftations which may mtfguide your own councils iri 
this matter; fo that the beft advice we can give, is to 
inform your Highnefs truly both of the (late of things 
here at this time, and of j:he difficvihies which appear 
to us. As to the fir ft, the people are fo generally dif- 
fatisfied with the prefent condu6l of the government, in 
relation to their religion, liberties and properties (all 
which have been greatly invaded) and they are in fuch 
expectation of their profpefts being daily worfe, that 
your Highnefs may be afTured, that there are nineteen 
parts of twenty of the people throughout the kingdom,* 
M'ho are defirous of a change ; and who, we believe, 
would willingly contribute to it, if they had fuch a pro- 
tection to countenance their rifmg, as would fecure 
them from being deftroyed, before they could get to be 
in a pofture able to defend themfelves ; it is no lefs cer- 
tain that much thegreateft part of the nobility and gen- 
try are much diflatisfied^ although it be not_iafe to 



fpeak to many of them before hand ; and there is no doubt 
but that fome of the moft confiderable of them would 
venture themfelves with your Highnefs at your firft 
landing, vvhofe interefts would be able to draw great 
numbers of them, whenever they could prote6l them 
and the raifing and drawing men together ; and if fuch 
a ftrength could be landed as were able to defend itfelf 
and them, till they could be got together into fome or- 
der, we make no queftion but that ftrength would quick- 
ly be increafed to a number double to the army here, 
although their army ihould all remain firm to them ; 
whereas we do upon very good grounds believe, that 
their army then would be very much divided among 
,£hemfelves ; many of the officers being fo difcontented 
' that they continue in their fervice only for a fubfiftance, 
(befides that, fome of their minds are known already) 
and very many of the common foldiers do daily Ihew 
fuch an averfion to the Popilh religion, that there is the 
greateft probability imaginable of great numbers of de- 
ferters whjch would come from them, fhould there be 
fuch an occafion ; and amongft the feamen, it is almoft 
certain, there is not one in ten ^ho would do them any 
fervice in fuch a war. Befides all this, we dp much doubt, 
whether this prefent ftate of things will not yet be much 
changed to the worfe before another year, by a great 
alteration which will probably be made both in the offi- 
cers and foldiers of the army, and by fuch other chan- 
ges as are not only to be expe6ted from a packed parlia- 
ment, but what the meeting of parliament (in our pre- 
fent circumftances) may produce againft thofe, who 
will be looked upon as principal obftru6:ers of 
their proceedings there ; it being taken for grant- 
ed, that if things cannot then be carried to their 
wifhes in a parliamentary way, other meafures wilj 
be put in execution by more violent means ; and al- 
jhough fuch proceedings will then heighten the difcon- 



tents, yet fuch courfes will probably be taken at that 
time, as will prevent all poflible means of relieving our- 

Thefe confiderations make us of opinion, that this is ' 
a feafon in which we may more probably contribute to 
our own fafeties than hereafter (although we muft own 
to your Highnefs there are fome judgments differing from 
ours in this particular) in fo much that if the circum- 
ftances ftand fo with your Highnefs, that you believe you 
can get here time enough, in a condition to give alTift- 
2nces this year fufficient for a relief under thefe circum- 
• /lances which have been now reprefented, we who fub- 
fcribe this will not fail to attend your Highnefs upon 
your landing, and to do all that lies in our power to 
prepare others to be in as much readinefs as fuch an 
action is capable of, where there is fo much danger in 
communicating an affair of fuch a nature, till it be near 
the time of its being made public. But as we have al- 
ready told your Highnefs, we mull alfo lay our difficul- 
ties before your Highnefs, which are chiefly ; that we 
know not what alarum your preparations for this expe- 
dition may give, or what notice it will be neceffary for 
you to give the States before hand, by either of which 
means their intelligence or fufpicions here, may be fuch, 
as may caufe us to be fecured before your landing ; and 
we muft prefume to inform your Highnefs, that your 
compliment upon the birth of the child (which not one 
in a thoufand here believes to be the Queen's) hath 
'•<one you fome injury ; the falfe impofmg of that upon 
ihe Princefs and the nation, being not only an infinite 
exafperation of people's minds here, but being certain- 
ly one of the chief caufes upon which the declaration 
of your entering the kingdom in a hoftile manner, muft 
he founded on your part, although many other reafons 
aje to be given on ours. If, upon a due confideration of 
all thefe circumftances, your Highnefs (hall think fit to 
adventure upon the attempt, or at leaft to make fuch 
preparations for it as are neceffary, (which v/e wifti you 



mayj there mufl: be no more time loft, in letting us 
know your refolution concerning it, and in what time 
we may depend that all the preparations will be ready, 
asalfo whether your Highnefs does believe the preparati- 
ons can be fo managed as not to give them warning here, 
both to make them increafe their force, and to fecure 
thofe they fliall fufpe6t would join with you. We need 
not fay any thing about ammunition, artillery, mortar 
pieces, fpare arms, &c becaufe if you think fit to 
put any thing in execution, you will provide enough of 
thefe kinds, and will take care to bring fome good engi-- 
neers with you ; and we have defired Mr. H. toconfult 
you about all fuch matters, to whom we have commu- 
nicated our thoughts in many particulars too tedious to 
have been written, and about which no certain refolu- 
tions can be taken, till we have heard again from your 

25. 24. 27. 29. 31. 35. 33. 

Sh. Dev. Danby. Lumley. London. RufTel. Sydney. 

Mr. Sidney to the Prince of Orange.— Exprpffes fears of 

the defign. Jdvlfes him to horroin Schomberg. ■ 

Nottlngha?n^s heart has failed, him. 


June 30, 1 1 

« r~jry HE bearer hereof carrying with him a letter 
JL from the mo{l prudent and mod knowing per- 
fons that we have in this nation, and he himfelf being 
well in{lru6^ed in the condition of our affairs, it is a 
prefumption in me to think of adding any thing elfe ; 
but you having ever given me leave to fpeak freely to 
you, I have ever told you every thought of my heart. 
I am too much concerned for your interef}, your life, 
and your reputation, to fay a word of perfuafion to 
you to undertake this matter ; you know your own bu- 
finefs beft, what power you have over the fleet and the 
army, and whether you can tranfport men with priva- 
cy j 



cy ; for it is moft certain, that if it be made public 
above a fortnight before it be put in execution, all your 
particular friends will be clapped up, which will terrify 
others, or at leaft make them not know what to do, 
and will, in all probability, ruin the whole defign. If 
you go on with this undertaking, I think I (hall not do 
amifs, to put you in mind of one man that, I believe, 
will be very ufeful to you ; it is the Marefchal Schom- 
berg, who (by what you told me of him, and by what 
he writ to me) I do not doubt but he will be ready to 
ferve you ; he hath the reputation all the world over of 
being knowing in his profeflion, and befides he is ex- 
tremely beloved in this cotintry, fo that if you could 
borrow him for a while, it would be of great advan- 
tage to this affair. I give you many thanks for yours 
by Monf. Zuleflein, and the particular favour in it ; I 
am indeed of opinion, that if you think fit to go on 
with this bufmefs, that after three weeks I (hall be more 
ferviceable to you near your perfon, than I can be here ; 
and if you are of that mind, I defire you will command 
me to come to you, or elfe it may be fome of my afTo- 
ciates v/illnot like my going, though one of them hath 
already told me it is abfolutely necefTary. When I 
know your pleafure, I will endeavour to be with you 
in a few days, with leave or without. Your friends 
have defired Monf. Zuleflein to flay here till you fend 
an anfwer to the letter, and to avoid giving fufpicion, 
he is advifed to go into the country for fome days. This 
letter being writ in my own known hand, I hope you 
will burn it as foon as you have read it, and the other 
being fo too, I define you v/ill have it copied, or elfe I 
may fuffer for it (even years hence. You will wonder, 

I believe, not to fee the number — among the other 


figures ; he was gone very far, but now his heart fails 
him, and he will go' no further ; he faith 'tis fcruples of 
confcience, but we all conclude 'tis another paffion ; 
every body elfe is as well as one can wifli, and I pray 



Ood they may live to do you the fervice (o much defir- 
ed by all honefl men." 

The two following letters from Lord Latimer and 
Lord Pembroke, though without dates, were probably 
written about this time. 

Lord Latimer to the prince of Orange^ in anfwer to the 
prince's. Ajfures him of his fervice s. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
" T Do with all humility imaginable acknowledge 
X the great honour of your Highnefs's letter, and 
do with no lefs joy receive from your Highnefs's own 
• hand the affurance of being in your Highnefs's good opi- 
nion. If any occafion could make me fo happy as to 
give your Highnefs a teftimony fuitable to my defires, 
I am fure my actions would afford no caufe to leffen your 
Highnefs's favour towards me, and I hope, (befide the 
nearnefs of relation in blood betwixt my matter and your 
Highnefs) the warmnefs of intereft will be fo great a 
confideration oh both fides, as may give opportunity to 
fuch as intend my matter's good, to make one of the 
beft fteps towards it by promoting your Highnefs's ; and 
for what fervices I may be capable in my own particu- 
lar, I beg your Highnefs to believe that nobody fhall 
exceed me, as, in truth, none can now, in the high ef- 
teem which all the world mutt acknowledge to be due to 
your great merit. I dare trouble your Highnefs no 
longer, than to declare the great ambition I have to re- 
ceive any commands from your Highnefs, and to aflure 
your Highnefs they fhall be moft readily obeyed with all 
duty and refpeQ:, as becomes, may it pleafe your High- 
nefs, your Highnefs's moft obedient, and moft humble 



5 4-2 

P E N D I X. 

Lord Pembroke to the Prince of Orange. To the fame 


** X/^ OUR Highnefs will not wonder why I give 
A you the trouble of a letter now, but rather it 
I ftiould notjconfidering the opportunity that offers itfelf 
by one to whom I have been very much obliged, and by 
one from whom I had the fatisfaftion of being affured 
of your Highnefs's favourable opinion of me. Though 
your Highnefs (for many reafons) can never want fo in- 
confiderable a fervice as mine, yet you will be pleafed to 
give me leave (till I can teftify my fervice fome other 
way) to fubfcribe myfelf, your Highnefs's moft humble 


I^art of a letter from Lord Clarendon to the Prince of 
Orange^ in anfwer to a letter from the Princefs, — A 
letter of compliment. 

July 7, 1688. 
*' TT A V I N G lately had a letter from the Prin- 
JLjL cefs with the gracious afliirance in it, that 
your Highnefs is pleafed to approve of my conduct in 
our late affairs, it is fo great a confolation to me, that I 
hope you will not be offended at this my prefumption, in 
returning your Highnefs my moft humble acknowledg- 
ments, and I befeech you to believe, that I am incapable 
of doing any thing to difpleafe you ; no man is free from 
ill offices being done him, but I am fure your Highnefs 
is too juft to fuffer them to make impreffion in you to 
;any man's prejudice, without enquiring into the truth, 
and when you do that, you will find all mifreprefenta- 
tions of me, to have more of malic ■ in them, than of 
fervice to your Highnefs ; fo that I take myfelf to be 
very fecure in your favourable opinion, which I will 

■ ftudy 


ftudy always to preferve ; and that my brother Ihould not 
be fo, \s an unfpeakable mortification to rac ; but I will 
not prefume to give your Highnefs any trouble concern- 
ing him. 

Lord Rochejler to the Prince of Orange. Makes apolo- 
gies for his paji condu£i. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
" T Mofl: humbly beg your Highnefs's pardon for 
X prefuming to write to you, after I know how- 
much I am in your difpleafure ; but your Highnefs be- 
ing ufed to receive petitions from thofe that ofFend you, 
may be pleafed to look upon this letter in the nature of 
a very humble one to your Highnefs, tobefeech you that 
what ground foever you have had for your anger, you 
will have the goodnefs to think it hath lafled long 
enough againft a man in my circumftances, which as on 
one hand they are too low to be long taken notice of by 
fo great a Prince, fo on the other, they are fuch as do 
now, and will ever make me have as great a duty to your 
perfon as any man living can have, I hope your High- 
nefs can forgive any faults that are not malicious, and if 
you will be pleafed to refle6l whatintereftlcan have con- 
trary to your Highnefs's, I amfure you will conclude, what- 
ever my offences are, they rnufl be the effefil of folly 
and indifcretion, rather than of wilfulnefs to difpleafe 
you : I fay whatever they are, becaufe I find it is for 
diverfe reafons that your Highnefs is unfatisfied with me. 
I call God to witnefs, that except my not paying my 
duty to your Highnefs when I was laft out of England, 
I cannot accufe myfelf of any thing difrefpeStful or un- 
dutiful towards you ; and whatever I may have to fay for 
myfelf for that very great fault, I do mod humbly a(k 
your pardon for it, and will do fo for the others too, if 
your Highnefs Ihall condemn me, whenever you have 
heard me. And I do moft humbly befeech you, that 
fmce I would every day of my life do any thing to 





ferve you, I may not have the mortification to fee hovr 
little you value it. I have written to her Royal High- 
nefs the Princefs upon this fubjeSt ; and though I have 
had occafion to write on one account more particularly 
to her, than it is poffible for me to offer to your Highnefs, 
yet I humbly defire you to believe I look upon your in- 
terefts as one ; and your Highnefs may be confident I 
will be honeft, jufl: and dutiful to you both, 1 fubmit 
myfelf to your pleafure, and whatever you determine, I 
will always continue with the humbleft dilty. 
May it pleafe your Highnefs, 

Your Highnefs's moft humble^ 
New-park, Moft obedient, 

July lo, 1688. . And moft faithful fervant,) 


The Prince of Orange gave orders that Lord Halifax 
ihould not be trufted with the fecret of the intended ex- 
pedition. It is not likely that the fpirit of diflertation 
in the following letter from lord Halifax, was more 
than in his former letters, very pleafingto a perfon,who 
always loved deeds more than words. 

Letter from Lord Halifax to the Prince of Orange, — Slovo 

July 25, 1688. 
*' O O many things have happened of late, that it is 
KJ reafonable enough to conclude, upon the firft ap- 
prehenfion of them, that they fhould produce great al- 
terations in reference to the public ; and yet with all 
this, upon a ftrict obfervation of all circumftances, I fee 
nothing to raife more hopes on one fide, or incline 
the other to defpair. I find that every new attempt 
bringeth a frefh difadvantage upon the great defign, 
which is expofed and difappointed by fo many repeated 
miftakes j the world is fo much confirmed, that there is 
every day lefs danger of being over-run j the feveral par- 


tics, though differing never fo much in other things^ 
feem to agree in their refolutionof preferving, by all le- 
gal means, the fecurity of their religion and their laws. 
The bufinefs concerning the bilhops, hath had fuch an 
effect, that it is hardly to be imagined ; the confe- 
quences are not feen to their full extent by the men in 
power, tho' they are not a little mortified by the ill fuc- 
cefs of it : I look upon it as that which hath brought all 
the Proteftants together, and bound them up into a knot, 
that cannot eafilybe untied. It is one of thofe kind of 
faults that can never be repaired: All that can be done 
to mend it will probably make it worfe, as is feen already 
by every ftep that hath been fince made to recover the 
reputation they have loft by it. It is given out, that 
there will be yet fome further proceedings againft the 
bifhops ; but in that I am an unbeliever, as well as con- 
cerning the meeting of parliament ; my opinion being 
ftill the fame as I gave your Highnefs in my laft, the 
continuance of the difcourfe of it, and even by thofe 
who are prefumed to know beft, doth not at all make 
me alter my judgment. A parliament can never be an in- 
ilifferent thing, and therefore it is a very weak argument 
to fay that it will be tried, and if it doth not comply, it 
fhail be diflblved. Things of this kind are not to be fo 
handled ; the confequences may be too great to make 
the experiment, without better grounds to expefit fuc- 
cefs than at prefent appear.- In fhort, I ftill remain per- 
fuaded that there is no effeStual progrefs made towards 
the great defign ; and even the thing that party relieth 
upon, is fubje6t to fo many accidents and uncertainties, 
that according to human probability we are fecure, not- 
withftanding the ill appearances which fright moftj 
when they are leafl examined. I wifh your Highnefs all 
happinefs, and to myfelf the continuance of your good 
opinion, which cannot be niore valued by any man liv- 
ing, than it is by your moft devoted fervant.'* 

K Lord 


Lord Nottingham to the Prince of Orange. Injinuat^s 

for a delay. Sorry if he differs from others. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
t( / I S \{ E honour of being in your Highnefs's good 
-»■ opinion, and the continuance of your favour^ 
of which you were pleafed to aflure me in your letter 
by Mr. Zuliften, would make me undertake any tafk to 
render me worthy of it, if I could hope to perform it 
to your fatisfa£tion ; but to give your Highnefs a juft 
account of affairs here not as news, but to judge right- 
ly of them, is fo very difficult that I muft not pretend 
to it ; neverthelefs, in obedience to your commands, I 
have acquainted Mr. Zuliften with my apprehenfions of 
fome of the lateft occurrences here, that he may hum- 
bly reprefent them to your Highnefs. 

The birth of a Prince of Wales, and the defigns of 
a ^further profecution of the biihops and of new mo- 
delling the army and calling of a parliament, are matters 
that afford various refleftions. But I cannot apprehend 
from them fuch ill confequences to our religion, or the 
juft interefls of your Highnefs, that a little time will 
not effectually remedy, nor can I imagine that the 
Papifts are able to make any further confiderable pro- 
grefs ; and the reafons of this opinion, I have difcourf- 
ed with Mr. Zulillen, that I might not trouble your 
Highnefs with too long a letter ; but if they Ihould 
not be fatisfa£lory to your Highnefs, or lliould differ 
from the fentiments of others, I befeech you not to 
mifcondrufl: my opinion as proceeding from any want of 
zeal to the fervice of your Highnefs, upon whom de- 
pends not only the welfare of this nation, but the fate 
of Europe too ; for I fliall always difcharge my duty to 
you with the utmofl fidelity, and have no greater am- 
bition than to be your Highnefs's 

T I V , Mod obedient, 

London, July 27, j a u ui r 

^qA ^ ' and molt humble iervant, 

loau. . NOTTINGHAM." 



The following cant letter to the Prince, appears to 
hie to be Ruflel's hand; 

Admiral Rujfel to the Prince of Orangec 

S I R, 
'ic irry n £ honour your Highnefs was pleafed to do 

X me by Monfieur Zuliften, I can never enough 
acknowledge. I muft beg your Highnefs to believe me 
a man fo fenfible of the favours you have been pleafed 
to do me, that my life and fortune is abfolutely at your 
idifpofal. It fhall be my whole bufinefs and ftudy, to 
render you all the fervice I am capable of ; and if my 
fuccefs be not anfwerable to my intentions, be pleafed 
to believe it proceeds from ill fortune, and not want of 
inclination. I hope your Highnefs finds your new vifi- 
tor (probably Admiral H^erbert) anfwers the charafiler 
you have had of him ; the King is moil extremely an- 
gry with him, and I have fome reafon to believe he 
difappointfed the court, they having fome thoughts of 
making offers for him to take employments. Since I 
came into England, Mr. Roberts is grown fo warm, 
that I can hardly prevail with him to flay for his being 
turned out. He is now refolved not to talk of the Teft, 
and Penal laws, nor indeed any thing they would have 
him do ; I believe, he is at this time fo ill at courts> 
that his reign there will hardly laft a month ; he has 
defired me to afiure your Highnefs of his utmoll fer- 
vice. When Monfieur Dickfield went away, he writ 
to you, but you v/ere pleafed never to take any notice 
of it ; if you think it convenient, a letter to him of 
your good opinion, relating to himfelf, would not be 
amifs; but I fubniit to your better judgment. You 
v/ill hear by the bearer, all the news we have. When 
your Highnefs thinks the time proper for Mr. Roberts 
miftrefs to know your thoughts, be pleafed to let him 
tell it her, it will be better, in my humble opinion, 
K 2 than 


than by letter. The number of your friends here daily 
increafe ; but fome perfons on your fide the water, take 
fuch liberty in writing news, and naming people, that, 
I fear, it may give the court occafion to be angry with 
them, much to their prejudice, and not much to your 
fervice. I will not trouble you longer on this fubjeft, 
only beg you will pleafe to believe me your Highnefs's 
moft faithful, humble fervant." 
London, July 28, 1688. 

Bijhop of London to the Prince of Orange, in anfwer 

to a letter from the Prince concerning ihefeven Bijhops. 

S I R, 
** T^ H ^ honour your Highnefs did me in laying 
A the charge upon me, to communicate to my 
Lords the Bifhops, how much you were concerned in 
their behalf, had its juft efifefl upon them, for they 
are highly fenfible of the great advantage both they and 
the church have, by the firmnefs of fo powerful a 
friend ; and as I dare undertake, they fhall never make 
an ill ufe of it, fo I am very fure they will entirely rely 
upon it on all juft oecafions. I dare likewife take upon 
me to alTure you, that both they that fuffered, and the 
reft who concurred with them, are fo well fatisfied of 
the juftnefs of their caufe, that they will lay down 
their lives, before they will in the leaft depart from it. 
I fhould fay fomething of myfelf, but I hadfo lately 
an opportunity of making my mind known to you, that 
it can be to no purpofe to fay more now to you, than 
that I am under all the obligation in the world of ap- 
proving myfelf. Sir, your Highnefs's moft devoted, 
and faithful fervant, 

H. L O N D O N." 



Lord Shrew/bury to the Prince of Orange. — Upon the de- 
parture of ZuU/ien. — The Prince's friends increaje. 

London, July 28, 1688. 
** "1% /r Onfieur Zuliften, Sir, will go away fo well 
JlVA inftruSed in all particulars relating to our af- 
fairs, that it would be but impertinence to add any 
thing to what he has learned from better hands : I hope 
he will reprefent them in fuch a pofture as will not dif^ 
pleafe your Highnefs. The papers you mention are 
preparing with all expedition. If the violence of my 
wlihes do not deceive me, I flatter myfelf you never 
had more friends in England than now : may they in- 
creafe till they are as numerous and as faithful as he 
wilhes, that is, with all fincerity and refpe6t. Sir, 
Your mod obedient, humble fervant, 


Lord Churchill to the Prince of Orange. A fpirited 


SIR, Auguft 4, !( 

*' TV^ R- Sidney will let you know how I intend to 
_J.VJL behave myfelf: I think it is what I owe to 
God and my country. My honour I take leave to put 
into your Royal Highnefs's hands, in which I think it 
fafe. If you think there is any thing elfe that I ought 
to do, you have but to command me, and I (hail pay 
an entire obedience to it, being refolved to die in that 
religion that it has pleafed God to give you both the will 
and power to proteft. I am, with all refpe<St, Sir, 
Your Royal Highnefs's obedient fervant, 

C H U R C H I L L.'^ 

K 3 While 



While thefe intrigues were carrying on in Englandj 
the Prince, who was not daunted either with the vari- 
ations in Lord Mordaunt's opinions, or the anxious, 
though friendly fears of Sidney, of the learned indolence 
of Hallifax, or the fudden failure in the nerves of Lord 
Nottingham, kept on ftraight forward and fteady in his 

The following letters will fhew the arts by which 
the Prince of Orange impofed upon the Pope to ad- 
vance money for an attack, as he thought, upon France;, 
but which was afterwards turned againft England. Co- 
pies of the letters were given me by Mr. Lumefden, 
a gentleman formerly in the fervice of the Stuart fami- 
ly at Rome, the misfortunes of whofe youth have loft 
one of the mod ingenious of his countrymen to Britain. 
He told me the originals were in the Depot des Affaires 
iif-angeres at Paris. I am aihamed to own I forgot to 
afk for them when I was there. 

Extrait de deux lettres ecrites par le Cardinal d^EjlreeSy 
AmhaJJadeur extraordinaire de Louis XIV, a la cour de 
RonUi touchantes la ligus d'AuJhourg. 

AMonfieurde Louvois. Du i8 Decembre, 1687. 
*' y E 12 de Decembre, 1687, Le Petit * donna 

-■— ' un memolre a la porte de St. Pierre au Gut, f , 
parlaquelle il me donna avis, que celui qui va parler 
au Comte Caflbni tons !es jours deguise de la maniere 
que j'ecrivis a fa Majeftele 1 5 de Novembre pafle, etoit 
un HoUandois, mais qu'il ne fcavoit pas fon nom. II 
ne faut pas douter que ce ne foit le Bourgemeftre Ouir. 


* Commis de M. Caflbni, Secretaire du Pape Innocent XI. 
f C'etoit un gentilhomme de la chambre de J-ouis XIV, qui faifolt 
Tefpion a la cour de Rome, 


J*en ay avertis le Gut du Roy. Vous apprendrez a ia 
Majefte que defque fon Gut fut afTure que Ouir etoit 
celui qui conferoit avec Caffoni, il prit la refolutionjfans 
me la communiquer, de s'aller flanquer avec fes deux 
valets X a dix pas de \d porte d' Antonio Ferri, ou ce 
Bourgemeftre logeoit, pour voir fortir Ouir. En effet, 
environ I'heure de minuit il le vit tout a coup a ia rue, 
qui fermoit la porte de Ferri, deguife en crocheteur 
qu'on appeMent ici fachino. II le fuivit jufque a ce 
qu'ilentra dans le Vatican, pour fe rendre a i'aparte- 
ment de Caflbni. Le Gut fe mit en fentinelle avec fes 
deux valets jufqu'a ce qu' Ouir fortit du Vatican. Sur 
les trois heures apres minuit, le Gut avec le Gafcon et 
le Breton fes valets le fuivoit de loin, et des qu'il com- 
menca a entrer dans la Longara, le Breton qui s'etoit 
avance lui fauta deffus. Le Gut y fut dabord avec le 
Gafcon. Le Gut lui prefenta un poignard a la gorge, 
et lui dit, que s'il faifoit la moindre mouvement il etoit 
mort, et qu'il le poignarderoit. Pendant que le Gut le 
regaloit de ce compliment, les deux valets lui fouillerent 
par tou en peu de tems, et bterent les lettres et les pa- 
piers qu'il avoit fur lui. Des que le Gut du Roy eut 
les ecrits efn fa puiflance il relacha Ouir, et s'en vint 
chez moi, ouvrit la porte de mon palais avec fa clef, 
pafla par I'efcallier derober, fit avertir mon maiilre 
d'hotel par un des mes valets : I'on me vint eveilier : je 
me levai en me mettant en robe de chambre. J'entrai 
dans mon cabinet, ou je trouvai notre Gut tres content 
d' avoir fait le coup, que je viens de vous marquer. Je 
lui fis apporter a manger, car il mourit de faim ; et il 
m'avoua qu'il y avoit 1 8 heures qu'il n'avoit pas mange; 
Des qu'il eut foupe, il me remit les lettres qu'il avoit in- 
terceptees a Ouir. Nous ouvrimes le paquet, et nous 
vimes que les lettres de Caflbni s' addreflerent a I'Em- 
pereur & a Monfieur le Due de Loraine. 

Ce fecretaire du Pape apprenoit au Due de Loraine, 

que le Pape avoit receu une toute p^rticuliere d'appren- 

K 4 drc 

X L'un de cet valets du Gut s'appeiloit le Gafcon, Tautre le Breton, 



dre que fa Majefte Imperiale avoit porte prefque tous 
les Princes d'Europe a fe liguercontre le Roy de France: 
il lui marquoit, que ce que donnoit affez de peine au 
Saint Pere, etoit d'avoir apris que les Anglois etoient 
refolus de detroner leur Roy, s'il ne prennoit une ferme 
refolution de faire la guerre a la France, et d'abimer 
entierement la religion catholique, et de fe joindre a la 
ligue d'Aufbourg. 

Cependant Caffoni difoit, qu'un de- defirs de fa 
Saintete etoit que I'une des premiers chofes que I'Era- 
pereur feroit, des que la guerre feroit declaree, ce feroit 
d'aflieger toutes les places que la France avoit prifes a 
l'Ele6teur de Cologne pour en faire avoir la rejouiffance 
a M. le Cardinal de Furfteniberg en cette qualite ; 
quoique fa Saintete ne I'ait jamais voulu avouer ni re- 
connoitre pour tel, mais encore la population : et que 
le Saint pontife etoit tres aife que M. le Prince 
d' Orange paffat en AUetnagne pour foutenir a la tete 
des deux armees les interets de I'Empereur et de fa 
Saintete contre fe Cardinal de Furftemberg et centre la 
France en meme terns. Pour cette efFet, le C. Caffoni 
promet de la part du Pape d'envoyer a I'Empereur de 
groffes fommes d'argent, fans en fpecifier la quantite, 
pour la donner au Prince d'Orange, a fin que I'un et 
I'autre puiffe continuer }a guerre plus aifement, contre 
le Roy tres chretien. 

Des quej'eusluet relu tout ce I)ean projet, et dans 
les lettres de Caffoni et dans les papiers qui furent pris a 
Ouir, nous y virnes les£tions que I'Empereur, le 
Due de Loraine, et le Prince d'Orange avoient donne 
au bon Bourg-maiftre, les quelles rouloient toutes fur ce 
que je viens de vous ecpire, et que vous verrez dans 
ies lettres du C. Caffoni. Je vous le redis, nous fumes 
extremement furpris de voir que fa Saintet venoit de 
conclure un traite avec I'Empereur contre le fib aine de 
I'Eglife, qui ne travaille qu'a foutenir fqs interets ; et 
que fa Saintete eut approuve une ligue que fefalfoit par 
la plus part des Princes de I'Europe contre le Roy de 
France. Apres avoir un peu reve, je prIs la refolution 


de faire fcavoir la fubflance de ces affaires a le Petit, 
uvec ordre de faire fon poflible pour decouvrir ce que 
fe paiToit dans le cabinet de M. Caflbni. II m'apprit le 
14, qu' avec beaucoupde peine il avoit trouve dans les 
papiers de ce Secretaire du Pape dans une coin fecret 
de fon petit cabinet, ou il tient les papiers dont il ne 
s'efl pas encore fervi, que les Anglois font d'accorde 
avec le Prince d'Orange pour detroner le RoyJaquesTL 
et elever fur le trone la PrincefTe d'Orange fa fiUe, et 
par confequent fon mari Guillaume ; que les Anglois 
font auffi refolus d'oter la vie a leur Roy et au Prince 
de Galles, fi la Reine accouchoit d'un fils, et que le 
Prince d'Orange ne doit pas aller en AUemagne com-r 
mander les troupes de I'Empereur ; que ce n'eft qu'une 
pure pretexe pour amufer le Pape et les peuples, a fin 
qu'on n'ait aucun foupfon que ce Prince veuille s'elever 
fur le trone d'Angleterre ; et que tres affurement le 
Saint Pere ne fait rien de cette intrigue fatale contre le 
Roy Jaques lid, car on lui a fait feulement accroire que 
le Prince d'Orange doit pafler en AUemagne. Le Petit 
ne doute point que cette affaire nefoit ainfi, puifque les 
memolres qu'il a trouve ne font pas au rang de ceux qui 
ont eta veus et approuves du Pape ; et que de toutc 
cette affaire il n'y avoit rien paru fur la table de Ic 
Secretaire ,pour les faire cotter par numero, a fin de 
trouver d'abord ce que eft neceffaire au Secretaire du 
Pape, fur ce qu'il a traite et arrete avec fa Saintete des 
qu'il en a befoin ; qu' a prefent ii ecrivoit et travailloit 
fur tout ce que le Saint Pontif venoit de permettre a 
I'Empereur, au Due de Loraine, et au Prince d'Orange, 
qui devoit aller en AUemagne commander les troupes de 
fa Majefte Imperiale, et que ce commandement ne fera 
qu' une fable. 

Des que j'eus appris I'attentat horrible qu'on veut 
faire fur la tete duRoy Jaques, et fur la Famille Royale,. 
je fis avertir le jeune Milord Norfolk, qui etoit ici in- 
cognito comme vous fcavez, pour tacher de decouvrir 
les intrigues du Vatican, qu'on craint qu'on ne tramcnt 
contre fon maitre : ce MUord a depeche inceffament 




deux couriers a fa Majefle Britannique, I'un par terre, 
I'autrepar mer, pour I'avertir de tout que je viens de 
vous dire. 

Vouz fcavez que la Holiande, les Ele6teurs, et 
FEfpagne fe font declares centre nous^ Je crains fort 
que le Due de Savoye ne nous falTe aufli la guerre ; 
j'en ay quelque prefentiment par de certain difcours que 
j'ay appris, que je ne vous ecris pas encore a caufe que 
je ne fuis pas encore affez bien eclaire : fais qu'on prcn- 
ne guard de pres a lui. 

Nos Cardinaux fecrets font avertis du perfonage qu'ils 
doivent jouer. Le Petit efl; un habile homme, et le 
Gut I'eft in fuperlativo gradu. Ces deux perfonages 
font la caufe de toute cette decouverte : car ce que nous 
en f^avions auparavant etoitdans une grande incertitude. 
Le Gut qui foupa hier avec moi, m'a prie de vous pren- 
nez la peine de fairef9avoir au Roy, qu'il n'abandonne- 
ra pas Ouir pour ffavoir decouvrir tous les endroits de 
Rome qu'il pratiquera. Le Breton me rendit de la 
p^rt de Gut fon maitre un billet, par lequel il m'aver- 
tiflbit qu' Ouir avoit leve Boutique en place Navone, 
ou il vendoit toutes fortes des fleurs et des fruits artifi- 
ciels, et de petites enfants de cire, et qu'il avoir un 
gar9on Venetien qui travailloit a ces ouvrages marveil- 
leufement bien." 

Le Cardinal d'Etrces au Roy, Du 29 Juin, 1688, 

** /~\ N efl fort en peine dans le Vatican comme 
. V_y quoi votre Majefte a pu f- avoir fitot le projet 
ct tous les articles de la ligue d'Aufbourgh. L'Ambaf- 
fadeur d'Efpagne en a ele malade, et il en eft encore 
tout trouble. II cherche les moyens pour decouvrir 
ceux qui en ont donne avis a votre Majefte. 

Par la derniere lettre que j'ecrivis a M. Louvois, je 
lui marquai ration que le Gut de votre Majefte fit au 



Barigelle et a toutes les troupes des Sbiris, au nombre 
4e 50, des qu'il les entendoit s'approcher des endroits 
ou il s'etoit mis pour voir qui entroit chez le Cardinal 
, qui eft le confeil de Caflbni, II com- 
menca a appeller fes deux valets le Breton et le Gar9on, 

et leur fit crier — — ** Vive le Royde France." 

Aprez il leur fit dire- ** Arretez a la porte de k 

cour Vive le grand Louis, — — perifiTent tous fes 

ennemis.'* Ces trois hommes obligerent le Barigelle 

et fes 50 Sbiris a s'en fuir au plus vite, et fe mettre a 
I'abbris fous la garde du Pape, laquelle fe mit toutes 
fous les armes a la fourdine ; et votre Gut eut le plaifir 
de refter dans un endroit d'ou il pouvoit voir cette poul- 
trone compagnie, qui ne fortit du pofte qu'elle avoit 
prls, jufqu'a ce qu'il fut jour. 

iLe 24 du currant, le Petit etant alle a Notre Dame . 

des Neiges, et le Gut en fun6tion, il lui remit une 
lettre par laquelle il I'avifoit que Ouir devoit fe rendre 
chez C. Caflbni pour prendre des lettres, qui fe trouv- 
roient dans des fruits qu'il faifoit femblantde luivendre, 
et qu'il eut a prendre fes mefures. 

Le lendemain 25, votre Gut> Sire, fans me rien 
cominuniquer de fon defiein, ne manqua pas de s'aller 
mettre en fentinelle pres de la maifon d'Ouir, de fa^on 
qu'on ne pouvoit pas le decouvrir. II vit fortir le Bour- 
gemeftre avec le boete pendue au col ; il le fuivit juf- 
qu'a ce qu'il fut entre chez M. Caflbni ; dansce mo- 
ment il entenda fonner onze heures. Ouir en fortit a 
une heure et demie apres minuit. Le Gut s'habillat 
cette nuit en crocheteur avec fes deux valets. Ces trois 
perfon^ges fuivrent ce Bourgcmeftre. Des qu'il fut 
eloigne de mille pas du Vatican, ils virent qu'il prenait 
le long d'une petite rue. Des qu'il fut entre, ils avan- 
cerent le pas, I'attraperent, et lui fauterent defllis, lui 
prefentant le poignard a la gorge. Des que Ouir fut a 
leur difcretion, le Gut le fouilla et ne lui trouva rien, 
ceque I'obligea a lui oter fa boete pleine des fruits arti- 
ficiels. II la donna a Breton qui me I'apporta. J'at- 
tendois. Sire, avec impatience votre Gut, a caufe 



qu*il m'avoit envoye dire qu'il viendroit fouper avec moi, 
mais qu'il feroit tard. Je me doutai alors qui'il 
s'agiffoit de quelque entreprife pour votre fervice que 
je ne pouvois pas diviner. Son valet entrant dans ma 
chambre, il me remit la boete que le Gut avoit ote a 
Ouir. EUe ne fut pas plutot ouverte que de ma vie je 
n'ai rien vu de mieux travaille: j'admirai ces fruits un 
peu de terns, et je les rangai fur ma table : des que j'en 
achevai, j'tntendis votre Gut qui ouvroit la porte, de 
derriere demon cabinet, ce que m'obligea d'y entrer, et 
il m'apprit, que apres avoir ote la boete a Ouir il le con- 
duifoit jui'qu' a lo pas de fa porte; et re fut en cet en- 
droit qu'il lui dit, qu'il le fuivit depuis le tems qu'il etoit 
a Rome, et c'etoit la Signora Hortenfia qui lui avoit fait 
enlever fes lettres et fes papiers il y avoit quelque tems, 
et que c'etoit elle auffi qui lui avoit fait fait enlever fa 
boete, et que fi pourtant le jour qui etoit pret d'arriver 
il ne fortat pas de Rome, elle le feroit jetter dans le 

Apres que le Gut m'eut appris fon adventure, et qu'il 
avoit toujours parle HoUandois au Bourgemeftre, il vou.- 
lut fouper, ce qu' etant fait, il m'a demande ce que je 
voulcis faire dela merchandife d'Ouir. Je lui repondis, 
queje la trouvois fi belle que je la deftinois pour votre 
Majefte. Le Gut me repliqua qu'il la vouloit toute 
ouvrir, et en meme tems il la fit apporter par mon mai- 
tre d'hotel qui nous avoit fervi, et il rompit tous les fruits 
en ma prefence. Ill n'eut pas plutot fait ce coup, que 
j'avouai qu'il avoit raifon ; puifque nous trouvames tout 
autour de ces fruits des fils d'archal fous des foyes verts 
qui les environoient, et qui entroient dans les citrons, 
lespommes, les figues et les raifins, avec des petites ban- 
derollesde papier ecrit en chiffres. Le Gut les prit et 
les rangait felon leur numero et les dechiffra, et nous y 
rrouvames les proje.ts et les bonnes intentions que M. le 
Due de Savoye a pour la ruine de vos etats. 

Le dellein de cette akefie n'efl pas de prendre ouverte- 
ment la part de vos ennemis, comme vous le verres ; et 
-;e crcis que fi votre Maiede faifoit menager ce iPrince, 
' " elle 


elle pourroit I'obliger a fe tourner du cote de la France, 
oude refter neutre. La fuite des lettres de Cafibni nous 
apprit les forces que I'Empereur, I'Angleterre et la Hol- 
lande doivent mettre fur pied contre vous. Sire, et les 
foucours que I'Empereur et le roy d'Efpagne doivent 
donner an Due de Savoye lorfqu'il en fera terns, Le 
nombre des Barbotes et nouveaux convertis, felon leur 
fupputation, ira a plus de loo mille hommes, qui font le 
nombre de ceux qui font fortis des vos etas ; et tons les 
autres generallement qui font reftes dans le royaume doi- 
vent prendre les armes contre votre Majefle, des que la 
trompette devosennemis fonnera. Votre Majefle doit 
connoitre par la combien le miniflre du Pape lui fait en- 
tendre des chimeres. puifque a I'heiireque j'ai I'honneur 
de vous ecrire, fa Saintete croit la France perdue par le 
moyen de toutes les fables que le comte de Caflcni lui a 

Votre Majefle recevra done dans ce paquet toutes les 
banderoUes qui etoient dans les fruits d'Ouir, avec une 
lettre du Gut, pour vous marquer. Sire, de quelle ma- 
niere il les faut ranger. Vous verres aufll le foin avec 
lequel Ouir et CafToni les avoient accommode, pour don- 
ner a vos ennemis le moyen de les lire fans peine. Apres 
que le Gat eut acheve fa lettre, il me pria d'aflurer 
votre Majefle que fi elle veut faire tenir deux de fes gal- 
leres a Civita Vecchia, il s'oblige, a peine d'avoir le col 
coupe d'enlever Caflbni au milieu de Rome, ou dans fa 
chambre, pourveu qu'elle le veuille et qu'elle lui donne 
20 gentilfhommes et autant de guardes marines, et pro- 
met qu'il aura plutot fait embarquer Caflbni dans une de 
ces galleres et conduira a Marfeilles ou a Toulon, ou en 
autre endroit qu' el le voudra, qu'on ne fcache dans Rome 
ce que ce fecretaire fera de\renu. II me dit encore, que 
s'il ofoit, il vous feroit bien, Sire, I'offre que M. de 
Lyonne vous fit autrefois, de venir a Rome poignarder 
Dom Mario frere du Pape Alexandre Vllth, apres I'at— - 
tentat que les Corfes commirent fur la perfonne de Ma- 
dame rAmbalTadrice de Crequi dans fa carofTe : mais f9a- 
chant que votre Majefle abhorre le fang, il fe contente 



A P P E N D I X. 

de vous offrir au peril de fa vie de mener en tel lieu qu'i! 
vousplaira le eomte Cair.oni lie et garotte, pour lui faire 
payer par fa detention la foUie en chere de mauvais con- 
feils qu'il a donne. Oiiir n'a plus paru dans Rome, de- 
puit le 26me. La pretendue boutique eft fermee, ainfi 
cu il s'eft cache ou il eft parti." 


ExtraSi of two letters written by Cardinal d'Ejireesy am- 

baJJ'ador extraordinary from Louis the XlVth, to the 

court of Ro7ne, concerning the league of Augfbourg: — In- 

. trigues of the Emperor, Pope, and Prince of Orange^ 

previous to thd revolution. 

To Mr. de Louvois; December 18, 1687. 

IHE 1 2th of December, 1687, le Petit* gave 
a note, at the gate cf St. Peter, to Gutf, by 
which he avifed me, that the perfon who went every 
day difguifed to Gaflbni in the manner I wrote your 
Majefty the 15th of November paft, was a Dutchman, 
but he did not know his name. There is no doubt of 
his being the Burgomafter Ouir. I informed le Gut of 
it. You will inform his Majefty that as foon as le Gut 
was certain that Ouir was the perfon who conferred 
with Caflbni, he took the refolution, without communi- 
cating it to me, to place hlmfelf with his two valets % 
at ten paces from Antonio Ferri's door, where this Bur- 
gomafter lodged, to fee Ouir come out. About mid- 
night he faw him all at once in the ftreet, ftiutting Fer- 
ri's door, difguifed as a porter, which they call here 
fachino. He followed him till he entered the Vatican, 
to go 10 Caffoni's apartment. Le Gut with his two 
valets placed themfelves as centinels till they faw Ouir 
come out of the Vatican. About three in the morning, 
le Gut v/ith le Gafcon and le Breton folio wed him at a 

* Clerk to M. Caffoni, fecretary to Pope Innocent the eleventh 

f He was a gentleman of the bed-chamber to Louis the XiVth, and 

aftedas a fpy at the court of Rome. 

t One of thefe fervants of le Gut was called le Gafcon, the other 

Je Braton. 



diftance, and as foon as they faw him enter into la Lon- 
gara, le Breton who was foremoft leaped upon him. 
Le Gut and le Gafcon came up immediately. Le Gut 
prefented a dagger to his throat, and told him, that if he 
made the lead motion he was a dead man, for he would 
ftab him. Whilft le Gut regaled him with this compli- 
ment, the two valets fearched him from head to foot in 
a little time, and took all the letters and papers he had 
about him. As foon as le Gut had the writings in his 
pofieflion, he releafed Ouir. He came to me, opened 
the door of my palace with his key, went up the back 
flairs, and gave notice to my maitre d' hotel by one of 
my valets : They waked me ; I got up and put on my 
night-gown. I went into my clofet, where I found 
Gut very well pleafed with the fuccefs of his attempt, 
which I have juft told you of. I ordered him fome vic- 
tuals, for he was almoft famifhed. He declared to me 
that he had not eat for 1 8 hours. As foon as he had 
fupped, he gave me the letters he had intercepted upon 
Ouir. We opened the paquet, and faw that Caflbni's 
letters were directed to the Emperor and the Duke of 

The fecretary to the Pope informed the Duke of Lor- 
rain, that his Holinefs had received a particular joy upon 
learning that his Imperial Majefty had brought almoft 
all the Princes of Europe to league themfelves again ft 
the King of France . he remarked to him, that what gave 
the holy Father a good deal of pain was, to hear that 
the Englilh were refolved to dethrone their King, if he 
would not take a firm refolution to make war againft 
France, abolifh the catholic religion entirely, and join 
himfelf to the league of Augfbourg. 

However Caflbni faid, that one of the firft things his 
Holinefs wifhes the Emperor to do, after the war is 
declared, is to lay fiege to all the places which France has 
taken from the Elector of Cologn with a defign to giv^e 
the pofTefTion of them to cardinal Furftemberg in the 
quality of Elector, though his Holinefs would never own 
nor acknowledge him as fuch, nor yet confirm the poftu- 

lation 'f 

j6o appendix. 

lation ; and that the holy Pontiff was very glad that the' 
Prince of Orange was to go into Germany to fuftain at 
the head of two armies the interefts of the Emperor and 
his Holinefs againft Cardinal Furftemberg, and France 
at the fame time. To effed this. Count Caffoni pro - 
mifes on the Pope's part to fend the Emperor large fumS 
of money, without fpecifying the quantity, to be given 
to the Prince of Orange, to the end that they may both 
continue the war more eafily againft the moft Chriftian 

Upon reading over and over this fine project both in 
CafToni's letters, and the papers taken from Ouir, we 
there faw the inftru<£lions which the Emperor, the 
Duke of Lorrain, and the Prince of Orange had given to 
the worthy Burgomafter, the whole of which turned up- 
on what I have juft wrote you, and you will fee in 
Count CafToni's letters. I repeat it, we were extreme- 
Iv furprifed to fee that his Holinefs had juft concluded a 
treaty with the Emperor againft the eldeft fon of the 
church, who only fought to maintain his own interefts , 
and that his Holinefs had approved of a league made 
by the greater part of the Princes of Europe againft the 
King of France. After having confidered a liitle, I took 
a refolution to make knovyn the fubftance of thefe mat- 
ters to le Petit, with orders to ufe his utmoft endeavours 
to difcover what pafied in the cabinet of Mr. Caflbni. He 
informed me on the 14th, that with a great deal of trou- 
ble he had found amongft the papers of his fecretary to 
the pope, in a fecret corner of his fmall cabinet, where 
he kept the papers which he had not yet ufed, that the 
Englifh had agree^d with the Prince of Orange to de- 
throne King James the Second, and place the Priocefs 
of Orange his daughter upon the throne, and confequent- 
ly her huftjand William ; that the Englifli were alfo re- 
folved to take away 'the life of their King and of the 
Prince of Wales, if the Queen was brought to bed of a 
fon ; and that the Prince of Orange was not to go into 
Germany to command the Emperor's troops ; that it 
was only a mere pretence to amufe the Pope and the 



■public, in order that they might have no fufpicion of this 
Prince's wanting to raife himfelf to the throne of Eng- 
land; and that for certain the holy Father knew nothing 
of this fatal intrigue againft King James the fecond, 
for he had been only made to believe that the Prince of 
Orange was to go to Germany. Le Petit makes no 
doubt that the matter ftands fo, fmce the memorials that 
he found are not ranged with thofe which the Pope had 
fecn and approved ; and that of all this affair nothing 
appeared upon the fecretary's table to refer to them ac- 
cording to their endorfements, which is neceflary for 
the Pope's fecretary, that he may direQ:ly find thofe ar- 
ticles which he has treated and finifhed with his Holi- 
nek as foon as he wants them : that at prefent he is 
writing and working on what the holy Pontiff has juft: 
promifed to the Emperor, the Duke of Lorrain, and the 
Prince of Orange, who was to go into Germany to 
command his Imperial Majefty's troops ; but that this 
command was only a fable. 

As foon as I learnt the horrible attempt that was in- 
tended againft King James and the Royal Family, I in- 
formed the young Lord Northfolk of it, who was here 
incognito, as you know, to endeavour to difcover the in- 
trigues of the Vatican, which it was to be feared were 
forming againft his mafter: my lord immediately dif- 
patched two couriers to his Britannick Majefly, one by 
land, the other by fea, to inform him of all I have told 

You know that Holland, the Electors, and Spain have 
declared againft us. 1 fear alfo that the Duke of Savoy 
will alfo make war upon us. I have fome forefight of 
it, from certain difcourfes which I don't yet write you, 
becaufe I am not yet fufficiently informed : He fhould be 
Watched very narrowly. 

Our confidential cardinals are informed of the part 
they are to play. Le Petit is an able man, and le Gut 
is fo in the fuperlative degree. Thefe tv/o perfons are 
the caufe of all this difcovery ; for what we knew be- 

VoL. Hi. L fore 


fore was extremely uncertain. Le Gut, who fupped 
with me yefterday, has defired me to write to you to beg 
you will take the trouble to let his Majefly know that 
he will not quit Ouir, till he difcovers and knows all the 
places in Rome he frequents. Le Breton gave me, on 
the part of his matter le Gut, a note by which he in- 
forms me that Ouir had opened a fhop in the place 
Navone, where he fold all forts of artificial flowers and 
fruits, and little wax images ; and that he had a Vene- 
tian boy who worked wonderfully well at this fort of 

Cardinal d' Etrees to Louis the XlVth. June 29, 1688. 

*' ^ B ^ HEY are in much pain in the Vatican to 
j_ know how your Majefly could fo foon be ac- 
quainted with the proje6t and all the articles of the 
league of Augfbourg. The Spanifli AmbafTador has 
been fick upon it, and is yet much difordered. He tries 
every means to difcover thofe who have given your Ma- 
jefly the information. 

By the lafl letter I wrote to Monfieur Louvois, I in- 
formed him of the a£lion which your Majefly's le Gut 
did to the captain of the town-guard and all his troop of 
Sbirl to the number of 50. As foon as he heard them 
approach the place where he had placed himfelf to fee 
who went to Cardinal who is CafToni's 

advifer, he began by calling his two valets, le Breton and 
, le Gafcon, and made them cry out, — " Long live the 

King of France." After that he made them fay, 

— " Stop at the gate of the court.— Long live 

Great Louis — may all his enemies perifh." Thefe 

three men obliged the captain and his 50 Sbiri to fly in 
the greatefl; hafl:e, and to take fhelter with the Pope's 
guard, who put themfelves under arms as fafl: as they 
could ; and your Gut had the pleafure to remain in a 
place from whence he could fee this rafcally company, 



who did not leave the poft they had taken, till day- 

The 24th inflant, le Petit being gone to Notre Dame 
desNeiges, and le Gut being upon duty, he gave him a 
letter by vs/hich he advifed him that Ouir was to be with 
CalToni to take his letters, vi^hich would be found in the 
fruits which he pretended to go to fell him, and left him 
ta take his meafures. 

Nest day, the 25th, your le Gut, Sire, without com- 
municating to me his defign, did not fail to go and place 
himfelf as a centinel near to Ouir's houfe, in fuch a man- 
ner that he could not be difcovered. Hefawthe burgo- 
mafter go with his bafket hanging about his ne'ck. He 
followed him till he went into Mr. Caffoni's : at this ' 
moment he heard the clock flrike eleven. Ouir came 
out an hour and an half after midnight. Le Gut dreffed 
himfelf this night as a porter, with his two fervants : 
Thefe three perfonages followed the burgomafter. As 
foon as he was about a thoufand paces from the Vatican, 
they fav/ he took his way along a fmall ftreet ; as foon 
as he was entered they mended their pace, overtook him 
and feized him, prefenting a dagger to his throat. As 
foon as Ouir was at their difcretion, le Gut rum- ^ 
maged him, but found nothing on him: this obliged 
him to take away his baflcet full of artificial fruits : 
He gave it to le Breton, who brought it to me. I wait- 
ed. Sire, with impatience for your le Gut, becaufe he 
had fent me word he would come and fup with me, but 
that it would be late. I then thought that he was about 
fome enterprise for your fervice, whichlcould not divine. 
Plis valet entering my room, gave me the bafket that 
le Gut had taken from Ouir. It was no fooner opened 
than in my life I never faw any thing better executed. 
I admired the fruits a little while, and then ranged them 
upon my table. As foon as I had finiflied, I heard your 
le Gut, who opened the back door of my clofet, which 
obliged me to go into it ; and he informed me, that af- 
ter having taken the baflcet from Ouir, he condufiled 
him to about ten paces from his door, and on that fpot 
L 2 told 


told him, that he had followed him ever fince he had 
been at Rome, and that it v/as Signora Hortenfia who 
was the caufe of his letters and papers being taken from 
him fome time ago, and it was Ihe alfo who had occafi- 
onedthe lofsof his balket; and if during the courfe of 
next day he did not quit Rome, fhe would caufe him to 
be, thrown into the Tiber. 

After It Gut had acquainted me with his adventure, 
and that he had always fpoken low Dutch to the burgo- 
mafter, he alked for fupper, which being finifhed, he 
afl'ied me v/hat I would do with Ouir's merchandize. I 
told him I thought it fo fine that I defigned it for your 
Majefty. Le Gut replied that he would open the whole, 
and in the mean time made my maitre d'hotel, who 
waited on us, bring them. He broke all the fruits in 
my prefence, which he had no fooner done, than I own- 
ed he had reafon. We found all round thefe fruits brafs 
wires under green fiik that covered them, and which 
v/ere flruck into the lemons, figs and grapes, with little 
flag's of paper writ in cypher. Le Gut took and ranged 
them according to their number, and decyphered them, 
and th.ere were found the fcheraes and good intentions of 
the Duke of Savoy for the ruin of your dominions. 

The defign of his Highnefs is not openly to take part 
with your enemies, as you will fee : and I think If your 
Majefty deals properly with this Prince, you may oblige 
him to turn to the fide of France, or remain neuter. The 
feries of CalToni's letters fhows the forces which 
the Emperor, England, and Holland are to employ 
againft you. Sire ; and the affiftance the Emperor and 
the King of Spain are to give to the Duke of Savoy 
when it fliall be necelTary. The number of Barbotes 
and new converts, according to their computation, will 
amount to more than one hundred thoufand men, which 
is the number of thofe who are gone out of your domi- 
nions; and all the others in general who remain in the 
kingdom, are to take arms againft your Majcily as foon 
as the trumpet of your enemies founds. Your Majefty 
njay know by this how much the Pope's minifter amufes 


A P P E N D I X. 

him with chimeras, fince at this hour that I have the 
honour to write to you, his HoHnefs beUeves France ru- 
ined, by means of all the fables which Count Caffoni 
has entertained him with. 

Your Majefty will receive then in this pacquet all the 
flags which were in Ouir's fruits, with a letter from le 
Gut, to fnew you, Sire, in what manner to range them. 
You will alfo fee the care with which Ouir and Caffoni 
have adjufted them, to give your enemies the means of 
reading them without trouble. After le Gut had finifhed 
his letter, he begged me to affure your Majefty, that if 
you will keep two of your gallies at Civita Vecchia, he 
obliges himfelf under penalty of lofing his head^ to carry 
off Caffoni from the midft of Rome, or from his cham- 
ber, provided your Majefty defires it, and will let him 
have twenty gentlemen and as many guardes ma- 
rines ; and promifes he will get Caffoni put aboard one 
of the galleys, and jcondufl: him to Marfeillesor Toulon^ 
or any other place you pleafe, before any one in Rome 
knows what is become of this fecretary. He farther 
faid to me, that if he dared, he would make the offer. 
Sire, which Mr. de Lyonne formerly made, of going to 
Rome to ftab Don Mario, brother to Pope Alexander 
the feventh, after the attempt that the Corficans made 
upon the perfon of madam the Ambaffadrefs de Crequi 
in her coach ; but knowing how much your Majefty ab- 
hors bloodflied, he contents himfelf with offering, at 
the peril of his life, to bring the Count Caffoni to what 
place you pleafe bound and gagged, to make him pay, 
by his confinement, for the foljy of the bad councils he 
has given. Ouir has not appeared in Rome fince the 
26th ; the pretended ftiop is ftiut ; fo that he is either in 
biding or gone." 

The credit given in the firft of thefe letters to a wild 

ftory of a concert in England to murder the King and 

his fon, if he fhould have one, is a ftrong inftance of 

the miftakes of foreigners, with regard to the charafter 

L 3 of 


of a people, who, becaufe they are more high-fpirited, 
are therefore more honourable in their refentmentSj 
than the reft of mankind : Yet perhaps thefe letters may 
account for the ridiculous fear which James was under 
at the revolution, for his own life and that of his fon. 
The letters are probably right with regard to the inten- 
tions of the Prince of Orange to mount the throne of 
England. In _ King William's box there is a letter 
to him from the Elector of Brandenburg, from which 
there is reafon to conje£ture, that at his interview with 
the Eleftor at Minden, a few months before he failed 
for England, fuch anobjecl had not been altogether out 

Tbe Eletiov of Brandenburg to King William. 

Momlegneur;, mon tres honore coufin et frere, 
^* TE ne puis exprimer la grandeur de ma joye que me 
^^ caufe I'accompliiTement des fouhaits que j'ay 
fait depuis quelques annees, et particulierement il y a fix 
mois a Minden, pour votre elevation au trone d'Angle- 
terre, qui vous cfl du egalement et par le fang, et par le 
bien-falt que I'Angleterre et touts ies Proteftans enfem- 
ble, mefme toute I'Earope, recoivent par votre moyen. 
J'en viens feliciter votre Alteffe de toute mon arae, et 
fouhaite que le grand Dieu qui I'a mis miraculeufement 
fiir ce trone, lui conferve longues annees, et y adjoute le 
bonheur d'une heureufe lignee. Je me promets cepen- 
dant de mon cofle aupres de votre Alteffe, Ies memes 
fentiments de bente et tendreffe qu'elle a tousjours eu 
pour moy, qui ferai a jamais, Monfeigneur, mon tres 
honore coufin et frere, 

De votre Alteffe le tres humble, 

De Berline, Et tres devcue ferviteur, 

27 Fev. 1689. / FREDRICK ELECTOR." 




The Eleilor of Brandenburg to King TVilliam.— Mentions 
the ivijheshe had formed at the interview at Minden for 
his elevation to the throne. 

My Lord, my mofl: honoured coufin and brother, 
** T CANNOT exprefs the greatnefs of the joy caufed 
i in me, by the completion of the wifhes which 
fome years ago I had formed, and particularly fix months 
ago at Minden, for your elevation to the throne of 
England, which is due to you equally by blood, and by 
the advantage which England, and all the proteftants 
together, even all Europe, receives by your means. 
I felicitate your Majefly with all my foul, and wifh that 
the great God, who has miraculoufly put you on this 
throne, may preferve long years to you, and add to 
them the good fortune of an happy ifTue. In the mean 
time I promife myfelf on my fide from your Majefly, 
the fame fentiments of goodnefs and tendernefs which 
you have always had for me, who fhall be for ever, my 
dear and moft honoured coufin and brother. 
Your Highnefs's mod: humble, 
Berlin, And mofl devoted fervant, 

27th Feb. 1689. FREDRICK ELECTOR." 

But if the Prince of Orange in coming to England 
had really tTie intention of mounting the throne, he de- 
ceived the Emperor as well as the Pope. In his box 
there is a copy of the following letter from him to the 
Emperor a ftiort time before he failed. 

L4 The 

768 ' APPENDIX, 

The Prince cf Orange to the Emperar. 


'E n'ay pu n'y voulu manquer de donner avis i, 
votre Majefte Imperialcj que !es mefintelligenceSj, 
qui font depuis quelque terns entre le Roi de la Grande 
Bretagne et fes fujets, font venues a des extremitez 11 
grandes, qu'etant fur le point d'eclatter par une rupture 
formelle, elles m'ont oblige de me refoudre a paffer le 
iner, a caufe des inflances vives et reiterees qui m'en 
ofit ete faites par plufieurs pairs et autres perfonnes con- 
fiderables du royaume, tant ecclefiaftiques que feculiers. 
I'ay cri> fort necelTaire d'y mener quelques troupes d'in- 
fanterie et de cavaliere, a fin de n'etre point expofe aux 
jnfultes de ceux qui par leurs mauvais confeils, et par les 
violences qui s'en font enfuivies, ont donne lieu a ces 
meruiteliigences extremes. J'ay voulu, Sire, aUurer 
par cette lettre votre Majefte Imperiale que quelques 
bruits que I'on puifle avoir deja femez, et non-obftant 
ceux que i'on pourra fairc courir a I'avenir, je n'ay pas 
la moindre intention de faire aucun tort a fa Maje{le 
Britannique, n'y a ceux qui ont droit de pretendre a la 
•fuccefTion de fes royaumes, et encore moins d'empifiter 
moy meme fur la couronne, ou de vouloirmel'aproprier. 

Je n'ay non'plus aucun dellein d'extirper les Catho- 
liques Romains, mais feulement d'employer mes foins 
pour tacher de faire redj'eiTer les defordres et les irregu- 
lariies, qu'on a fait centre les lois de ces royaumes par 
les mauvais confeils des mal-intentionnez. 

Je tacheray auiTi de prccurer, que dans uii parlement 
lontimement affemble et compofe de perfonnes deiiement 
quallfiees felon les lois de la nation, les affaires foient 
reglees d'une telle maniere que la religion proteftante, 
avec les libertes et les droits du clerge, de la noblefle, 
et du peuple foient mis dans une entiere furete ; par ce 
moyen feulement il y a lieu d'efperer qu'il s'enfuivra 
ane bonne union et une fincere confiance entre le Roy 
ct fes fujets, a fin d'etre en etat de pouvoir contribuer 
puilTement au bien publique. J'ajoute que dans le 



defiein que j'ay de taclier aufli de prevenir le continuati- 
on de ces mefintelligences, et d'afFermir une fi bonne 
union furdesfondemens folides, je dois prier votre Ma- 
jefte Imperiale de s'affurer, que j'employeray tout mon 
credit pour moyenner que les Catholiques Romains de 
ce pays le jouiffe de la liberte de confcience, et foient 
mis hors de toute inquietude d'etre perfecutcz e caufe de 
leur religion ; et que pourveu quils en faflent I'exercife 
fans bruit et avec modeftie, ils ne foient point fujets e 
aucuns punitiez, 

J'ay eu de toute terns une tres grande averfion pour 
toute forte de perfecution en matiere de religion parmi 
ies Chretiens. 

Je prie Dieu qui eft letout puiflant, de vouloir benir 
cette mienne fincere intention, et j'ofe me promettre 
qu'elle ne deplaira pas e votre Majefte Imperiale. 

Jeprie aufli Dieu de la vouloir combler de fes meilleurs 
benedidions, Jefuis avec toute forte de refpefil:." 


The Prince of Orange to the Emperor. — Affures him, thai 
in his expedition to England, he has no intention to de- 
throne King James, or to injure the Roman Catholics. 

" Y" Could not fail to give information to your Impe- 
Jl^ rial Majefty, that the mifunderftandings which 
have fubfifted for fome time between the King of Great 
Britain and his fubjefts are come to fo great extremities, 
that being upon the point of breaking out into a formal 
rupture, they have obliged me to pafs the fea, on ac- 
count of the lively and reiterated inftances which have 
been made to me by many Peers and other confiderable 
perfons of the kingdom, as well ecclefiaftical as fecular. 
I think it neceffary to carry fome troops of infantry and 
cavalry there, that I may not be expofed to the infults 
of thofe, who, by their bad counfels, and by the vio- 
lences which followed them, have given occafion to thefe 



extretne mifunderftandings. I aflure your Imperial 
Majefly by this letter, that whatever reports may have 
been fpread, and notwithftanding thofe which may be 
fpread for the future, I have not the leaft intention to do 
any hurt to his Britannic Majefl:y, or to thofe who have 
a right to pretend to the fucceflion of his kingdoms, and 
dill lefs to make an attempt upon the crown, or to de- 
fire to appropriate it to myfelf. 

Neither have I any defire to extirpate the Roman 
Catholics, but only to employ my cares to endeavour to 
redrefs the diforders and irregularities which have been 
committed againft the laws of thofe kingdoms by the bad 
councils of the ill intentioned. 

I will alfo endeavour in a parliament lawfully aflera- 
bled, and compofed of perfons duly qualified according to 
the lav/s of the nation, to procure the regulation of af- 
fairs in fuch a manner, that the proteftant religion, with 
the liberties and rights of the clergy, nobility, and peo- 
ple, may be put in entire fecurity. By this means alone 
there is place to hope, that there will follow a good 
union and fmcere confidence between the King and his 
fubjeOis, that they may be in a condition of being able 
to contribute powerfully to the common good. I muft 
add, that in the defign which I have of endeavouring to 
prevent the continuation of thefe mifunderftandings, and 
to flrengthen fo good an union upon folid foundations, 
I ought to intreat your Imperial Majefty to be affured, 
that I will employ all my credit to provide, that the 
Pvoman Catholics of that country hiay enjoy liberty of 
confcience, and be put cut of fear of being perfecuted on 
account of their religion ; and provided they exercife 
their religion without noife, and with modefty, that 
they (hall not be fubjefit to any punifliment. 

I have at all times had a great averfion to all fort of 
perfecution upon religious matters among Chrijlians. 

I pray God, who is powerful over all, to blefs this 
my fincere intention, and I dare promife that it will not 
difpleafe your Majefty, 

I pray 


I pray God alfo, that he may cover you with his 
beft blefling. I am with all fort of refpeQ:." 

The common vindication of the intrigues of King 
James's fubjefits againft him is, that the Revolution was 
a meafure of expediency in the then flate of things. 
But there are fafts in Barillon's difpatches fufficient to 
juftify it as a matter of abfolute neceflity. An Englifh 
reader may not be furprifed to hear, that King James 
had refolved to make void the aO: of fettlement in Ire- 
land, in order to have it in his power to make ufe of 
Irilh Catholics for the eflablifhment of his authority in 
England. But he will be aftoniflied to learn a fa £1 hi- 
therto unknown and unfufpeQed, that towards the end 
of the reign of King James, there were in England three 
Popifh regiments regularly paid by France. 

Lord Tyrconnel was the perfon who firft fuggefted 
this projed, and connefted it with another equally 
pleafmg to the King, to wit, that the Britifh regiments 
in the Dutch fervice fhould be recalled from that fer- 
vice. The fecrets of thefe things are to be found in th* 
following difpatches. 

Extraite d'une httre de M. BarUm au Roy. 1687, 
OSf. 13. 

*' TAX ete averti par Milord Sonderland que le Roy in the Depo 

*l fon maitre devoit me parler d'une affaire de con- 
fequence, et qu'il m'expliqueroit de quoi il eft queftion 
a fin que je fuffe prepare quand fa Majefte Britannique 
me le communiqueroit. 

Le fait eft que le Roy d'Angleterre eft refolu de re- 
tirer les troupes de fes fujets qui font au fervice des 
Etats Generaux : il s'attend bien qu'il demeurera un 
grand nombre d'officiers et de foldats en HoUande, mais 
aufli une bonne partie pourra revenir icy, et principalement 
les Catholiques, et tous ceux qui ne font pas entiere- 
ment gagnes par M. le Prince d'Orange : quelqu' envie 


172 A P P £ N D ^I X 

que fa Majefte Britannique ait de rappeller ces troupes, 
il lui eft difficile de le faire fans avoir un moyen facile 
de faire fubfifter ceux qui feront rappelles, et de les con- 
ferver enfemble dans un meme corps. L'expedient d'aug- 
menter les norabres des troupes qui %nt fur pied icy 
feroit le plus naturel, mais il y en a deja un aufli grand 
nombre que le Roy d'Angletterre ne peut entretenir : fa 
penfee done eft de propofer a votre Majefte de prendre 
a fon fervice un regiment d'infanterie compofe d'offi- 
ciers et des foldats qui feront rappelee de HoUande ; ce 
regiment feroit entierement dans la difpofition de votre 
Majefte, fuppofant cependant que quand le Roy d'An- 
gleterre en auroit befoin dans fon pays, votre Majefte 
ne refu feroit pas de-le renvoyer. 

Les raifons qui obligent ce Prince a faire cette pro ' 
pofition font, que par ce moyeQ il y auroit un nouveau 
corps fur pied qui fe maintiendroit mieux, et feroit mieux 
difcipline, que ceux qui font en ce pays cy ; que fe fe- 
roit une pepeniere pour elever et former des foldats ca- 
tholiques, qui ne feront pas inforraes des maximes dan- 
gereufes pour la royaute repandues par toute I'Angle- 
terre, et dont meme les Catholiques ne font par toute 
e fait exempts ; que fans cela il lui fera difficile de rap- 
peller fitot les troupes qui font en HoUande, ne pouvant 
pas aifement les faire fubfifter enfemble, quoiqu'il con- 
noifle combien il lui eft de confequences de ne pas laif- 
fer plus longtems fubiifter un corps de troupes de fes 
fujets, dont le plus grand nombre n'eft pas dans fes in- 
terefts, et feroit contre lui fi I'occafion s'en prefentoit. 

Milord Sonderland m'ayant explique cela m'a dit, qu'il 
jugeoitbien que cette affaire n'etoit epas aif e a obtenirde 
votre Majefte ; que dansun terns de paix votre Majefte; 
ne fongeroit pas facilement a prendre un corps de trou- 
pes etrangeres, dont la depenfe excedera celie d'un pa- 
reil nombre de fes fujets ; qu'on favoit bien ce qui 
etoit arrive il y a qu'elques annees fur le fujet des trou- 
pes Angloifes et qui etoient en France ; et que votre 
Majefte etoit peutetre degoutee pour tojours d'en 
prendre fon fervice, et de faire une depenfe extraordi- 


nalre pour laqu'elle on ne voit pas de raifons aflez fortes 
pour y engager votre Majefte prefentement ; que ce- 
pendant en confiderant I'etat des afFaires d'Angleterre 
en^particulier, et celles de I'Europe en genera), votre 
Majefte jugera peutetre que la propofition qui lui eft 
faite doit etre admife, premierement parceque c'eft une 
chofe extremement importance pour le bien de la reli- 
gion catholique, a Pavantage de laqu'elle principale- 
ment ce regiment feroit leve et fubfifteroit ; qu'en cela 
votre Majefte obligeroit fenfiblement le Roy fonmaitre, 
et lui donneroit une marque d'amitie efFeftive et folide 
dans un terns ou il pent de fon cote donner des marques 
a votre Majefte de fon attachement a fes interefts ; que 
la propofition qui eft faite, marque une refolution de- 
terminee de la part du Roy d'Angleterre de conferver 
line liaifon etroite avec votre Majefte, et que cela me- 
me rendra cette liaifon publique, et peut produire des 
effets qui ne feront pas inutiles au fervice de votre 
Majefte, que ce fera un deplaiiir mortel pour M. le 
Prince d'Orange de voir paffer au fervice de votre Ma- 
jefte des troupes rappellees d'HoUande ; que les Etats 
Generaux prendroit meme de la de nouveaux fujets de 
jaloufie centre le Roy d'Angleterre, et connoitront 
qu'il eft fort eloigne d'entrer en aucune liaifon ni con- 
cert avec eux ; que le maifon d'Autriche croira par la 
qu'il y a entre votre Majefte et le Roy d'Angleterre une 
liaifon encore plus etroite et plus etablie quelle n'eft, et 
que cela ne peut qu' etre utile dans la conjonSure pre- 
fente •, qu'en fin, ce regiment etant a votre fervice doit 
etre regarde comme un gage d' une confiance entiere de 
la part du Roy fon maitre ; et que c'eft un commence- 
ment pour venir dans la fuite a toute ce que votre Ma- 
jefte pourra juger etre convenable a fes interefts. 

J'ai dit a milord Sonderland, que je ne pouvois lui 
fien repondre de mon chef fur une chofe nouvelle et de 
fi grand confequence ; que je lui dirois que je la croiois 
fort difficile ; el que lui meme connoiffoit les raifons qui 
pouvoient empecher votre Majefte de prendre des 





troupes etrangeres afon fervice dans un terns au quel 
votre Majefte a licentie un fi grand nombre de fes fu- 
jets. Le Roy d'Angleterre ne m'en a point encore 
parle, mals je ne doute pas qu'il ne m'en parle au pre- 
mier jour, et qu'il n'ajoute encore d'autres raifons a 
celles qui ont ete alleguees par milord Sonderland. 


ExtraSf of a letter from Mr. Bart lion to Louis the XlVth. 

King fames is to propofe that France Jhould take 

into his pay a regiment fanned of the Britijh troops^ 
to be recalled from Holland. The views of this. 

O6lober 13, 1687. 
O R D Sunderland acquainted me that his 
matter was to fpeak to me about an affair of 
cortfequence, and that he would explain it to me, to 
the end I might be prepared when his Britannic Ma- 
jefty ihould communicate it to me. 

The fa£l: is, that the King of England is refolved to 
Avithdraw his troops which are in the fervice of the 
States General : he experts indeed that a great number 
of the officers and foldiers will remain in Holland, but 
alfo a good part may return here, and principally the 
Catholics, and all thofe who are not entirely gained by 
the Prince of Orange. However defirous his Britan- 
nic Majelly may be to recall thefe troops, it is difficult 
for him to do it without having eafy means of fubfift- 
ing thofe who fhall be recalled, and keeping them toge- 
ther in one body. The expedient of augmenting the 
troops which are on foot here would he the moff natu- 
ral, but there is already as great a number as the king 
of England can maintain. His thought therefore is, 
to propofe to your Majefty the taking into your fervicc' 

a regiment 


a regiment of infantry, compofed of the officers and 
foldiers to be recalled from Holland ; this regiment 
will be entirely at your Majefly's own difpofal, it being 
underftood neverthelefs, that when the King of Eng- 
land fhall have occafion for them in his own country, 
your Majefty will not refufe to fend them back. 

The reafons which oblige this Prince to make this 
propofal are, that by this means there would be a new 
corps on foot, which would be better kept up and bet- 
ter difciplined than thofe which are in this country ; 
that it will be a nurfery to educate and form catholic 
foldiers, who will not be informed of the dangerous 
maxims to monarchy, which are fpread throughout all 
England, and from which even the Catholics are not 
entirely exempt ; that without this, it will be difficult 
for him to recall fo foon the troops which are in Hol- 
land, he not being able to fubfifl them eafily together, 
although he knows of how much confequence it is to 
him not to permit to exifl any longer a corps of troops 
of his own fubjeds, the greateft number of whom are 
not in his interefts, and would ferve againft him if the 
occafion offered. 

Lord Sunderland having explained this, faid, he 
judged this affair was not eafily to be obtained of your 
Majefly; that in time of peace your Majefcy v/ould 
not eafily think of taking into your fervice a body of 
foreign troops, the expence of which would exceed that 
of a like number of your own fubjeflis ; that it was 
well known what had happened fome years ago with 
regard to -the Englifli troops which were in France ; 
and that your Majefly had perhaps formed for ever a 
diflike at taking them into your fervice, and making an 
extraordinary expence, for which there appeared no 
ftrong reafons to engage you at prefent ; that however 
confidering the flate of affairs in England in particular, and 
of Europe in general, your Majefty will perhaps judge 
that the propofal vi'hich is made to you, ought to be 
admitted j fird, becaufe it is a thing extremely impor- 



tant for the good of the catholic religion, for the ad- 
vantage of which principally this regiment would be 
levied and maintained ; that in this your Majefly would 
fenfibly oblige the King his mafter, and give him an 
effeOiual and folid mark of friendfhip, at a time when 
he might, on his fide, give proofs to your Majefty of 
his attachment to your interefts ; that the propofal 
which is made, fhews a determined refolution on the 
part of the King of England, to preferve a ftriQ: con- 
ne6tion with your Majefly, and it will even render this 
connexion public, and may produce efFe£ts which will 
not be ufelefs to your Majefty's fervice ; that it will be 
a mortifying difpleafure to the Prince of Orange to fee 
the troops recalled .from Holland pafs into your Ma- 
jefly's fervice ; that even the States General will from 
thence form new fubje6ls of jealoufy againfl the King 
of England, and perceive that he is far from entering 
into any connection or concert with them ; that the 
Houfe of Auflria will from trhence believe, that there 
is between your Majefly and (he King of England a con- 
nefliion more flri£t and more eflablifhed than there is, 
which cannot but be ufeful in the prefent conjuncture ■» 
that, in fine, this regiment being in your fervice, ought 
to be looked upon as a pledge of an entire confidence 
on the part of the King his mafler, and that it is a be- 
ginning to lead in the end to all that your Majefly may 
judge convenient for your interefls. 

I told Lord Sunderland that I could not of myfelf 
give him any anfwer to a thing fo new, and of fo great 
confequence ; that I could tell him, 1. believed it would 
be very difficult ; and that he himfelf knew the rea- 
fons which might hinder your Majefly from taking 
foreign troops into your fervice at a time when you 
had difbanded fo great a number of your own fubjefls. 
The King of England has not as yet fpoken to me 
about it, but I don't doubt he will upon the firfl occa- 
fion, and that he will add other reafons to thofe which 
have been alledged by Lord Sunderland." 



Extrait d'une depeche de M. Barillon au Roy. 

Odobre i6, 1687. , 
** T'Ai ffu de milord Sonderland que milord Tirconel in the Depou 

3 eft celui qui a, le plus preffe le Roy fon maitre 
d'avoir un regiment de fes fujets en France, et qui lui 
en a fait envifager les coniequences; cela m'a donne 
lieu d'entrer fur les affaires d' Irlande : Milord Sender- 
land m'a dit que ie Roy fon maitre eft refolu de ren- 
verfer 1' etabliffement fait des biens des Irlandois Catlio- 
liques aux Anglois Proteftans apres le retour du Ro^ 
d' Angletterre ; que cela eft encore tenu fort fecret ; 
mais qu'on y travaillera bientot, et que les mefures 
font prifes pour en venir a bout. Le renverfement de 
cet etabliffement fait en faveur des rebelles, et des 
ofiiciersde Cromwel, eft regarde icy comme ce qu'il y 
a de plus important ; et s'il pent etre execute fans op- 
pofition, ce fera une entiere feparation de 1' Irlande 
d' avec V Angleterre pour 1' avenir. C'eft le fenti- 
ment general de tous les Anglois." 


Extras of a d'tfpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louis XlVth. 
fames is to refcindthe aSf of fettlement in Ireland. 

Oaober 16, 1687. 
" T Know from Lord Sunderland that Lord Tirco- 

X nel v/as the per fon who preffed the King his 
mafter moft to have a regiment of his fubje<£ts in France, 
and who has pointed out to him the confequences of 
it ; this gave me an opportunity of entering upon the 
affairs of Ireland : Lord Sunderland told me that the 
King his mafter is refolved to reverfe the aft of fettle- 
ment which was made of the Irifti catholicks eftates to 
the Englifli Proteftants upon the return of the late 

Vol. III. M King 


King of England ; that this was as yet kept very fe- 
cret ; but it would foon be gone about, and that mea- 
fures are taken to accomplifh it. The reverfing this 
fettlement, which was made in favour of rebels and 
Cromwell's officers, is looked upon here as the moft 
important of all things, and if it can be executed with- 
out oppofition it will be an entire feparation of Ireland 
from England for the future This is the general fen- 
timent of all the Englilh." 

In this letter Barillon further fays, that King James 
had prefied upon him Lord Sunderland's project for 
taking into the French fervice the Roman Catholicks 
who fhould leave the Dutch fervice, alledging that a 
foreign force of his own fubje£ts ready at his call, 
would be the befl means of eftablifliing Popery. 

Barillon in his letter to his court of the 6th of No- 
vember 1687, mentions his having received orders 
from Louis to decline receiving into France the troops, 
which fhould be recalled from Holland, but to ofFer 
to maintain them in England. On the loth of No- 
vember he writes, that he had communicated his orders 
to King James, and made a farther offer of what 
troops James fhould want from France, *' Pour op- 
primer fes ennemis, et fe faire obeir de fes fujets." 
** To opprefs his enemies, and make himfelf be obeyed 
by his fubje<^s." 

James having accepted the offer of maintaining the 
troops from Holland on French pay in England, his 
gratitude to Louis is to be feen in the following dif- 

Extrait d'une dipiehe de Barillon au Roy, 

Dec. 8, 1687. 

" T E Roy d' Angleterre me dit il y a deux jours, 

-^-^ que Milord Sonderland lui avoit rendu compte 

deceque je lui avois dit de la part de votrc Majefte 

fur I'entretien de deux mille hommes qui feroient rap- 



pellee d' Hollande ; qu'il I'acceptoit avec beaucoup de 
joie et de reconnoiflance ; qu'il ne pouvoit aflez me 
dire combien il reflentoit cette nouvelle marque de 
I'amitie de votre Majefte ; qu'il me chargeoit de 1' en 
remercier de fa part ; que I'entretien de quelques 
troupes de fes fujets en France lui avoit paru avantageux 
a ces deffeins, mais que ce que votre Majefte fait I'efl: 
fort auffi, et le met en etat de pourfuivre hardiment les 
refolutions qu'il a prifes en faveur de la religion catho- 

Je dis a ce Prince que votre Majefte n'avoit pas 
hefite d'accorder ce qui lui avoit ete propofe ; et que 
j'avois des ordres bien precis de I'affurer que quand il 
auroit befoin des troupes de votre Majefte, il en paffe- 
Toit bientot une plus grand nombre que n'auroit ete le ^ 
corps de fes fujets qui y. auroit eie entretenu. LeRoy 
d' Angleterre m' interrompit, et me dit, je me tiens 
pleinement aflure de I'amitie du Roy votre Majefte, 
je tacherai d'en meriter la contirmation, et il connoitra 
en toutes occafions combien j'ai d'attachement a fa per- 
fonne et a fes interefts. 

J'ai vu depais milord Sonderland qui m'a dit que 
I'ofFre de votre Majefte d'entretenir deux mille hommes 
a produit le meilleur effet qu'on en puifle attendre dans 
I'efprit du Roy fon maitre, et qu'il n'a pas manque 
de lui faire remarquer avec quelle promptitude votre 
Majefte avoit accordecequi avoit ete feulement infmue 
comme une chofe qui lui feroit agreable. 


ExtraSf of a difpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louis the 

XlVth. James thanks Louis for keeping the 2000 

Papijis in his pay in England. 

December 8, 1687. 
" 'TT^ H E King of England told me two days ago 
A that Lord Sunderland had given him an ac- 
count of what I had faid to him on your Majefty's part, 
M 2 concerning 


concerning the keeping up in this country two thoufand 
men to be rcsalled from Holland, that he accepted it 
with a great deal of joy and gratitude ; that he could 
not fufficiently tell me how much he efteemed this new 
mark of your Majefty's friendfliip ; that he charged me 
to thank you for it on his part ; that the keeping on 
foot fome troops of his fubjefl:s in France had appeared 
to him advantageous to his defigns, but that what your 
Majefty does is likewife highly fo, and puts him in a 
condition to purfue boldly the refolutions which he has 
taken in favour of the catholic religion. 

I told this Prince that your Majefty had not hefitated 
in granting what had been propofed ; and that I had ve- 
ry precife orders to affure him, that when there fhould 
be occafion for your Majefty's forces, you would foon 
caufe a much greater number to pafs over than the body 
of his fubje8:s would have been, which were to have 
been kept on foot in France. The King of England in- 
tewupted me, and faid, I hold myfelf fully aflured of 
the King your matter's friendftiip ; I fliall endeavour 
to merit the continuation of it, and he fliall know on 
every occafion how much I am attached to his perfon 
and interefts, 

I have fince feen Lord Sunderland, who told me that 
your Majefty's offer of keeping up the two thoufand 
men had produced in the King his Mafter's mind a bet- 
ter effeiSt than could have been expefl:ed from it ; and 
that he had not omitted to make him obferve with what 
readinefs your Majefty had granted, what had only 
been infinuated as a thing that would be agreeable to 

There are in King William's box the following let- 
ters from King James to the Prince of Orange,' con- 
cerning the recall of thefe troops from the Dutch fer- 



King jfames to the Prince of Orange. Recalls the fix 

Brit'ijh regiments in the Dutch fervice. 

Whitehall, Jan. 17th, 1688. 
** TT Have charged my envoy, Monf. d' Abbeville, who 
\ will give you an account that I think it for my 
fervice to call for home the fix regiments of my fub- 
jefts, which are under your command, in the States 
fervice ; and have written to the States to the fame pur- 
pofe, and hope you will do your part to further their 
being embarked as foon as may be : what elfe I have to 
fay upon this fubje£t, I refer to my envoy ; which is all 
I (hall fay now, but that you Ihall dill find me as kind 
as you can defire." 

King James to the Prince of Orange. Angry that the 

States have given leave to the officers hut not to the foU 

Whitehall, Feb. 16, 1688. 
« XTESTERDAY I received yours of the 20th, 
f and at the fame time the States anfv/er about 
the regiments of my fubje6ts which are in their fervice ; 
by v/hich I was furprifed to find they make a difficulty 
to let the common foldiers have the fame liberty which 
they grant the officers, they being all equally my fub- 
jefts. I had no reafon to expeft fuch ananfvver; what 
I have further to fay to yon upon that affair, I mud re- 
fer to my envoy, whom I have alfo ordered to fpeak to 
the States upon that fubje^l; which is all I Ihall fay now, 
but that you fhall find me as kind to you as you have 
j^eafon to expeQ:." 

M 3 . King 


King 'James to the Prince of Orange. — To the fame 


Whitehall, March 2, 1688. 
Had not time by the lafl: poll; to let you know I 
had received yours of the 2d, by which I found 
the reafon why I could not then expefi: an anfwer to Mr. 
Abbeville's fecond memorial concerning my fubje6:s in 
the fix regiments. The next letters may I think bring 
me the anfwer of it, which I cannot doubt will be 
fuch a one as in reafon I ought to expeQ:, the common 
foldiers being as much my fubjeQs as the officers. You 
will have feen, before this gets to you, the copy of the 
capitulation you made with the late Lord Oflbry, which 
is very home to this point ; fo that fure, if it was not 
done before, there will be no further difficulty made of 
letting fuch of the common men come over as are wil- 
ling, I (hall fay no more now, but that you ihall find 
me as kind to you as you can expefit.'* 

King James to the Prince of Orange. To the fame 


Whitehall, March 13, 1688. 
" O I N C E I wrote laft to you I have had two of 

k3 yours ; and having been a hunting this day, and 
come home late, am fo fleepy that I can only tell you 
that I did not expect to have had fuch anfwers from 
the States to the memorials lately given in by my en- 
voy, efpecially where your influence is fo great ; and 
fure 'tis the firfl: inftance, and I believe will be the l^ft 
wherever fubje£ts were refufed the liberty to return 
back when demanded - to ferve their Prince. ^ I fhall 
always be as kind to you as you have reafon to expefl." 

Notwithftanding the refufal of the States (or rather 
of the Prince) to permit the Britilh foldiers in their 



feryice to obey King Jarijes's recal, many oi thenn made 
their efcape and returned into England. Of thefe, and 
other popifli foldiers, three regiments were formed in- 
ftead of the two which had been a httle before intend- 
ed; for on the 26th July, 1688, Barillon writes to his 
court, that he had given Lord Godolphln 93,440 Uvres 
tournois, for the firft two months pay of the three regi- 
memts, and that he was to continue the fame paymeat at 
the end of every fecond month. 

On the 6th of December, 1685, Louis the XlVth, intheZJe/or. 
in a letter to Barillon, ordered him to give a penfion to 
Lord Sunderland of 20,000, or even 24,000 crowns : 
*' Tant qu'il contribuera tout ce que depend de lui au 
maintien d'une bonne correfpondence entre moy et le 
Roy fon maitre, et a eloigner tout engagement qui pou- 
voit etre contraire a mes interefts." — *' As long as he 
{hall contribute whatever depends upon him to maintain 
a good correfpondence between me and the King his 
mafter, and to remove every engagement which can be 
contrary to my interefts." 

After James had thanked Louis XlVth for comply- 
ing in part with Lord Tyrconnel's projcQ: for recalling 
the Britifh troops in the Dutch fervice, and putting them 
in the pay of France, the refolution for recalling them ^ 
was fufpended for fome time ; and about the fame time 
Skelton, who was ambaflador in France, fuggefted to 
the French couit his fufpicions that Lord Sunderland 
was fecretly in the interefts of the Prince of Orange. 
Barillon, upon this, got orders from Louis the XlVth 
to watch narrowly the motions of Lord Sunderland j and 
to report what he obferved. Upon Barillon's attempt- 
ing to found him, he who had been the caufe of getting 
the recal fufpended, agreed to give his intereft for having 
the fufpenfion removed, provided a large gratification 
in money (hould be added to his penfion, for doing To ; ♦ 
thus, by a refinement of profligacy, deceiving Barillon 
into the belief that he was engaged in no intereft but his 
ovm. The two following difpatches, the firft of v/hich 
M 4 contains 


contains an account of his afking a gratification, and the 
fecond of his getting one, though fmaller than he ex- 
pected, fhow to what an extraordinary degree Barillon 
was duped by him. 

Depeche de Mr. 'Barillon ^ au Roy, Janvier 5, 1688 • 

J' A I obferve exa8:enient ce que votre Majefte m'or- 
donne par fa depeche du 1 3 Decembre dernier, de 
ne temoigner aucun empreffement pour le rappel des 
troupes qui font en Holiande. J'ai pris aufli tout le 
foin que je dois pour decouvrir de qui vient le retarde- 
ment de la refolution qui paroiflbit prife pour le rappel 
de ces troupes ; et je n'ai rien obmis pour penetrer fi le 
foup9on que paroit avoir le Skelton a quelque fondement 
folide. Je ne me fuis tenu a ce que milord Sonderland 
ni'a dit que les principaux Catholiques etoient d'avis 
que ce rappel ne devoit etre fait qu'apres I'aflemblee 
d'un parlement. J'ai fu d'un ami intime de milord 
Puez, que milord Arondel et lui croioient que ce feroit 
gater les affaires que de rapeller les troupes qui font en 
Holiande prefentement : la queftion eft de favoir s'ils 
ont penfe cela de leur chef, ou fi milord Sonderland 
leur a infpire le fentiment qu'ils ont, ou s'il a pris le 
parti de retarder une affaire qu'il a preffee d'abord fort 
vivement, et qu'il parol ffoit avoir fort a cceur aufli bien 
que le Roi fon maitre ; c'eft ce qui n'eft pas aife a pene- 
trer ; mais ce qu'il y a d'affure, c'eft que le retardement 
du rappel des troupes d'HoUande apres la feance du par- 
lement rend ce rappel incertain, et qu'il pourra arrivcr 
beaucoup de chofes qui rempecheront. Votre Majefte 
en jugera plus aifement quand je lui aurai rendu compte 
de ce qui s'eft paffe dans cette affaire depuis quelques 

■ Milord Sonderland ayant entrevu que je ne faifois 
aucune nouvelle inftance pour le rappel des troupes de 
Holiande, m'a parle plus ouvertement qu'il n'avoit en- 
core fait : il m'a dit que les principaux Catholiques 
regardoient ce rappel des troupes comme une rupture 



avecles Etats Generaux, et principalement avec le Prince 
d'Orange ; et qu'ils avoient ete d'avis que cela ne fe 
pouvoit faire qu' apres qu'on auroit efiaie ce qui fe 
pourroit obtenir d'un parlement, parceque fi on venoit 
a bout de faire revoquer les loix penales et le Teft, il 
n'y auroit point alors de peril ni d'inconvenient de ra- 
peller des troupes dont on pourroit avoir befoin, pour 
maintenir ce qui auroit ete etabli en faveur des Catho- 
iiques, et empecher les efforts des faStieux, aux quels 
il ne refteroit plus d'autre reffource que celle d'exciter 
des troubles et des difordres en Angleterre : que fi ces 
troupes etoient rappellees prefentement, ce feroit re- 
doubler les foupcons qu'on a deja en ce pays cy, que le 
deffein eft forme de rompre avec les Etats Generaux et 
avec le Prince d'Orange, et par consequent de s'unir 
etroitement avec la France ; que beaucoup de ^ens bien 
intentionnes pour I'autorite royale et pour la revocation 
des loix penales craindroient qu'on ne s'engageat trop 
avant contre la Hollande, et que ce ne fiJt un projet fait 
pourl'etabliffement de la religion Catholique, et pour la 
ruine de la Proteftante, et que cela les empecheroit de 
favorifer les deffeins de fa Majefte Britannique dans le 
parlement ; qu'il feroit beaucoup plus prudent d'attendre 
ce que le parlement fera, ct de ne point mettre d'obfta- 
cle aux refolutions qui s'y peuvent prendre. 

Milord Sonderland ra'a fait entendre que ces raifons 
avoient fait quelqu' impreffion fur I'efprit du Roi fon 
raaitre et I'avoient empeche de fe determiner a rappel- 
ler prefentement les troupes de Hollande ; qu' a fon 
egard de lui, il n'eftimoit pas que les raifons alleguees 
fuflent folides,et qu'il croyoit les pouvoir obtenir et faire 
prendre la refolution de rappeller les troupes d'H'ol- 
lande inceffamment ; qu'il en avoit envifage toutes les 
confequences, et qu'il connoiffoit bien ce qui en pouvoit 
arriver ; qu'il pretendoit faire connoitre au Roi fon mai- 
tre, que I'envie demefuree qu'ont les principaux Catho- 
liques d'obtenir d'un parlement la revocation des loix 
penales, leur fait apprehender mal a propos ce rappel des 
troupes ; que I'offre que votre Majefle fait d'entretenir 
(deijx mille hommes de ces troupes, marque un defir 



fincere d'obliger le Roi fon maitre ; qu'il la regarde auffi 
comme une preuve certaine de fes bonnes intentions 
pour rafFermiflement de fon autorite, et pour I'avance- 
ment de la religion Catholique en A ngleterre ; que la 
maniere don votre Majefte avoit accorde ce qui lui a 
ete demande, a produit tout I'effet qu'on en pouvoit 
attendre dans I'efprit de fa Majefte Britannique ; que 
tout cela n'empeche pas que votre Majefte ne fuive en 
cette occafion fes veritables intereils, et qu'elle ne fafle 
un coup important pour fon fervice, en mettant une fi 
grande divifion entre I'Angleterre et ies Etats Gene- 
raux ; que I'entretien de deux mille hommes couteroit 
a votre Majefte deux cent mille ecus ou fort peu davan- 
tage, et que pour cette fomme le-Roi fon maitre entroit 
dans un engagement aufli formel et auffi fort qu' avoit 
fait le feu Roi d'Angleterre pour des fommes bien plus 
confiderables ; que quand ce premier pas feroit fait, on 
fuivroit exaftement de la part du Roi fon maitre la con- 
duite que votre Majefte pouvoit defirer ; que ce fecret 
de 'I'entretien de deux mille hommes n'etoit encore fu 
que de lui feul, et qu'il ne le feroit apparemment dans 
la fuite d'aucun autre, qu'il croioit du moins qu'il fera 
confie a fort peu de gens ; qu'il feroit fort facile de faire 
connoitre au Roi fon maitre qu'il s'engage tout a fait 
avec votre Majefte pour deux cent mil ecus par an, et 
d' infinuer qu'il faudroit demander une fomme plus con- 
liderable, mais que ce n'etoit pas la conduite qu'il veut 
tenir ; que fon deffein au contraire eft de faire que le 
Roy fon maitre fe content de ce qui eft offert, et entre 
dans tous Ies engagemens qui en font Ies fuites necef- 
faires ; que Ies troupes d'Hollande pourroient etre rap- 
pellees inceffamment ; et qu'il s'expoferoit a ce qui %n 
pourroit arriver fi ce rappel des troupes produifoit des 
effets contraires a ce qu'on attend d'un parlement ; qu'il 
favoit bien qu'on le regardoit comme I'auteur de cette 
refolution, et que ceux: qui ne I'approuvent pas trouve- 
ront aifement Ies moyens de s'en difculper aupres de M. 
le Prince d'Orange, et de remettre tout fur lui ; qu'il 
vouloit bien en courir le hazaid^ mais qu'en meme terns 



il croiolt devoir etre affure d'une protefilion ple'ine et 
entie're de la part de votre Majefle ; qu'ainfi il me diroit 
franchement que le peril au quel il s'expofe I'oblige a 
prendre quelque precaution, et a demander que votre 
Majefte entre en confideration de fes fervices, et lai 
donne de nouvelles marques de fa bienveillance en lui 
accordant une gratification, et lui continuant fa penfion 
ordinaire ; qu'il nedemandoit rien de cette gratification 
qu'apres que les troupes d'HoUande feroient arriv es 
icy ; qu'il ne cragnoit point de lui avoir cette nouveile 
obligation dans le deffein ou il efl d'entrer genefalement 
dans tout ce qui peut convenir aux interefts de votre 
Majefle ; que c'etoit a moi a reprefenter le fait comme 
il efl, et a- lui faire favoir les intentions de votre Ma- 
jefte, a fin qu'il s'y puifTe conformer. 

Je repondis peu de chofe a ce difcours, parceque je 
fus fort furpris de la propofition qui m'etoit faite : Je 
ne m'engageai pas d'abord d' en ecrire ; je dis feulement 
a milord Sonderland qu'il m'avoit dit beaucoup de cho- 
fes de grand confequence qui meritoient beaucoup de 
reflexion ; que je croyois feulement lui pouvoir dire 
qu'il ne devoit pas capituler avec votre Majefle, et qu'il 
feroit plus convenabie de faire de fa part ce qui peut etre 
agreable a votre Majefle, et que dans la fuite il fera en 
droit de demander et d'attendrc des graces qu^il aura 

Nous eumes bier un fecond entretien dans lequel ce 
miniftre repeta ce qu'il m'avoit dit, et me fit entendre 
que fon dellein n' etoit pas de fe prevaloir de la conjunc- 
ture prefente pour en tirer fes avantag;es particuliers ; 
qu'il demeuroit dans les engagements qu'il a pris d' etre 
toujours dans les interefls de votre Majefle j que j'ai vu 
de quelle maniere il s'efl conduit en toutes les occafions 
qui fe font prefentees ; que je conoois quelle part il a 
dans la confiance de fon maitre ; que fi le rappel des 
troupes d' Hollande convient a votre Majefle, elle vou- 
dra bien que celui qui lui rend ce fervice en foit recom- 
penfe, puifque par la il s'expofe beaucoup plus qu'il n'a 
encore fait j que cela doit etre reprefentee d'une manie- 


re pleine de refpeSl et de foumifllon de fa part, mais que 
dans les affaires d' importance il faut s'expliquer nette- 
ment, et favo'r aquoi s'en tenir, a Hn d' agir plus fure- 
ment et plus hardiment ; qu'il efpere que votre Majefte 
voudra bien lui accorder une fomme qui le mette en etat 
d' envifager avec moins d' inquietude les revolutions qui 
arrivent (i fouvent erv Angleierre ; il ne s'eft point ex- 
plique precifement de la fomme qui'l demande, mais je 
crois qu'il s'attend a quelque chofe de confiderable ; et 
il paroit perfuade qu'il rendra un grand fervice a votre 
Majefte en faifant rappeller les troupes d' Hollande. 

J'ai fait mon poffible pour le detourner de faire cette 
demande, et je lui ai reprefente que s'etant deja engage 
dans les interefts de votre Majefte, il devoit faire tout 
ce qu'il croit lui devoir etre agreable, et ne pas mettre 
votre Majefte dans la neceftite de lui accorder ce qu'il 
demande, ou de le degouter par un refus. 

Ma remonftrance a produit peu d' eflet, et il m'a re- 
plique, que fi votre Majefte, juge qu'il eft avan tageux a 
fon fervice de faire rappeller ces troupes, elle ne fera 
pas fachee de lui accorder une fomme qu'elle croira bien 

II me reftre a rendre compte a votre Majefte de ce 
qui concerne le foup^on que le Monfieur Skelton croit 
pouvoir tomber fur milord Sonderland d'une liaifon fe- 
crete avec M. le Prince d' Orange ; je n'ai rien penetre 
qui puifle le faire croire; je vois au contraire que ce 
miniftres'engage tous les jours d'avantage dans tout ce 
qui peut etre le plus oppofe aux interefts de M. le 
Prince d' Orange, et qui'l tient une conduite qui ne 
s'accorde pas avec le deflein qu'on pretend qu'il auroit 
de le menager. C'eft lui qui a depuis long tems prefle 
avec ardeur toutes les refolutions ce qui peut condu'fre 
les affaires a 1' abolition des loix Penales et du Teft, qui 
eft ce que M. le Prince d' Orange craint d'avantage ; je 
crois favoir qu'il eftr^folu de fe declarer catholique quand 
le Roy fon maitre le voudra : tout cela eft difficile a con- 
cilier avec un engagement fecret dans les interefts de 
M. le Prince d' Orange. II me paroit garder fort peu 


de menagement fur les chofes importantes qu'il me con- 
fie, et il hazarderoit beaucoup s'il y en avoit quelques 
unes de connues : il fe pent faire que je fois pre- 
venu en fa faveur, et qu'aiant avivre dans unecour dont 
il occupe le principal pofte, je me laiflealler trop aife- 
ment a croire ce qui m'efl: le plus agreeable, et ce qui fa- 
cilite d'avantage lefucces des affaires dont je fuis charge. 
Jene laiflerai pas d'avoir les yeux ouverts pour pouvoir 
decouvrir la verite ; cependant il me femble que mi- 
lord Sonderland fe livre tous le jours d'avantage a moi, 
et fe met pour ainfi direentre les mains de votre Majeile. 
C'efl: lui qui a entame avcc moi I'affaire du rappeldes 
troupes, et qui a pris toutlefoin pofTiblede la faire reuffir : 
il eft vrai que I'execution de ce rappel eft retardee, que la 
propofition qu'il fait d'une gratification extraordinaire 
pourroit faire croire qu'il a retarde le rappel des troupes 
pour fon intereft particulier ; il croit du moins s'en de- 
voir fervir pour venir a fes fins. C'eft a votre Majefte 
de juger ce qui eft le plus convenable a fon fervice. Les 
raifons que le Marquis d' Abbeville a alleguees dont j'ai 
envoye copic a votre Majefte marquent affez qu'il eft de 
I'intereft du Roy d' Angleterre de rapeller ces troupes d' 
Hollandc ; mais ces raifons n'ont pas ete fuffifantes pour 
en faire prendre la refolution. Si votre Majefte juge 
qu'il foit de fon fervice d'entrer dans ce qui eft propofe 
par milord Sonderland, je ne fais aucun doute que les 
troupes ne foient inceffament rapellees, et que ce minif- 
tre ne donne bientQt cette marque de fon credit ; mais fi 
votre Majefte laifle agir le Rov d'Angleterre felon qu'il 
le jugera plus a propos, et qu'elle fe remette a ce qu'on 
voudra 'determiner icy fur le tems de ce rappel, il fera, 
ce me fe 'ible, neceiTaire de parler a milord Sonderland 
d'une maniere qui adoucifle le chagrin d' avoir efluie 
un refus, et qui lui laifle une porte ouverte pour traiter 
les affaires en la maniere qu'il a fait jufqu' a prefent. 
J' attendrai ce qu'il plaira a votre Majefte d'ordonner 
pour I' executer pon£l:uellement. 

11 y aura des prieres publiques ordonnees par tout 1' 
Angleterre a un jour qui fera marque, pour I'heureux 




fucces de la groffefle de la Reine d' Angleterre; lesprle- 
res de catholiques feront fort fmceres ; on ne s'attend pas 
quece foit la meme chofe dans les eglifes Proteftantes ; 
rfiais les evefques et les pafleurs n'oferont fe difpenfer 
d'obeir a la proclamation. Je fuis, &c." 


Difpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louis the XlVth. — ^ufpi- 
cions of lord Sunderland. — Barillon duped by his flatte- 
ry.— Sunderland- a/ks a gratificatioln beftdes his penfion. 

January 5, 1688. 
" T Have exaflly obferved what your Majefty order- 
i ed me by your difpatch of the i8th of Decem- 
ber laft, not to fhew too much eagernefs for recalling 
the troops which are in Holland. I have alfo taken all 
the pains I could to difcover who has been the occafion 
of fufpending the refolution which appeared to be ta- 
ken for recalling thefe troops ; and I have omitted no- 
thing to find out if the fufpicion Mr. Skelton appears 
to have has any folid foundation. I do not build any 
thing upon Lord Sunderland's telling me, that the prin- 
cipal catholicks were of opinion that the recall ought 
not to be made till after the meeting of a parliament. 
I know from an intimate friend of Lord Powis, that 
Lord Arundel and he believe that recalling the troops 
which are in Holland at prefent would fpoil matters : 
The queflion is to know if this opinion is their own, or 
if Lord Sunderland has infinuated it to them ; or if he 
has taken the part to retard an affair which at firft he 
prefled very ftrongly, and feemed to have much at heart 
as well as the King his mafter ; this is not eafy to be 
penetrated ; but what is fure is, that the delay of re- 
calling thefe troops from Holland till after the feffion of 
parliament, renders the recall uncertain, and many 
things may happen to prevent it. Your Majefty will 
judge better of this, when I have given you an account 



of what has paffed upon this affair within thefe few 

Lord Sunderland having obferved that I made no 
new inftances for recalling the troops from Holland, 
fpoke to me more openly than he ever yet did : he 
told me that the principal catholics looked upon this 
recall of the troops as a rupture with the States Gene- 
ral, and principally with the Prince of Orange ; and 
that they were of opinion it could not be done till af- 
ter a trial had been made of what might be obtained 
from a parliament ; becaufe if they could bring about 
the revocation of the Penal laws and the Tell:, there 
would then be neither danger nor inconvenience in re- 
calling fuch troops as they might have occafion for, in 
order to maintain what fhould be eftablifhed in favour 
of the catholics, and prevent the efforts of the fa^i- 
ous, who would have no other refource left than that 
of exciting troubles and diforders in England; that if 
the troops were recalled at prefent it would redouble 
the fufpicions already entertained in this country, of a 
formed defign to break with the States General and the 
the Prince of Orange, and confequently of a flrifit 
union with France : that many people well intentioned 
to the Royal Authority, and the revocation of the Pe- 
nal laws, would be afraid of being too far engaged 
againft Holland; and that it was a fcheme concerted 
for the eftablifhment of the catholic, and the ruin of 
the proteftant religion, and that this would hinder them 
favouring the defigns of his Britannic Majefty in par- 
liament : that it v/ould be much more prudent to wait 
for what parliament will do, and not put an obftacle 
in the way of the refolutions which may be taken 

Lord Sunderland made me underfland that thefe rea- 
fons had made fome imprefTion upon the King his ma- 
iler's mind, and had prevented him from determining at 
prefent to recall the troops from Holland ; that with re- 
gard to himfelf he did not efteem the reafons given folid, 
and that |ie believed he might prevail, and caufe a refo- 




iution to be taken for recalling thefe troops from Hol- 
laod immediately ; that he had looked at all the confe- 
quences, and very well knew what might happen : That 
he would convince the King his mafter that it was the 
immoderate defire of the principal catholics to obtain 
from parliament the revocation of the Penal laws, 
which made them apprehend this recall of the troops to 
be ill«timed ; that the offer your Majefty made, to keep 
two thoufand men of thefe troops, fliews a fincere de- 
fire to oblige the King his mafler ; and that he regards 
it alfo as a certain proof of your good intentions for 
the eftabliihing of his authority, and the advancement 
of the Catholic religion in England ; that the manner 
in which your Majefty granted what had been afked 
of you, had produced all the effeO: which could be ex- 
pefted from it in the mind of the King of Great Bri- 
tain ; that your Majefty would at the fame time in this 
follow your true interefts, and ftrike an important blov/ 
for your fervice, by making fo great a divifion between 
England the States General ; the fupporting two thou- 
fand men will coft your Majefty two hundred thoufand 
crowns, or very little more, and that for this fum his 
mafter would enter into an engagement as formal and as 
ftrong as the deceafed King of England did for much 
more confiderable fums. That when this firft ftep was 
taken, there would be followed on the part of the King 
hi,s mafter, that conduct which your Majefty could de- 
fire; that the fecret of keeping two thoufand men in 
pay was known to him alone, and, in all appearance, 
would not be to any other, at leaft he believed it would 
be trufted to very few people ; that it would be eafy to 
make the King his mafter fee that he engages himfelf 
entirely to your Majefty for two hundred thoufand 
crowns per annum, and to infinuate that he ought to 
afk a more confiderable fum, but that this is not the 
condu£l he chufes to follow ; that his defign, on the con- 
trary, is to make the King his mafter contented with 
what is offered, and enter into all the engagements 
which are the neceffary confequences of it ; that the 



troops in Holland might be recalled immediately, and 
would expofe himfelf to whatever may happen, if this 
recall of the troops ftiould be any ways prejudicial to 
what maybe expected from a parliament ; that he knew 
very well he was looked upon as the author of this re- 
folution, and that thofe who do not approve it, will ea- 
fily find means to exculpate themfelves to the Prince 
of Orange, and throw the whole upon him ; that he 
was very willing to ruH the hazard, but at the fame 
time he thought he ftiould be affured of a full and en- 
tire protection from your Majefly ; that upon this ac- 
count he would freely tell me, that the danger to which 
he expofes himfelf obliged him to take fome precaution, 
and to defire your Majefty to take his fervices into con- 
fideration, and give him fome new marks of your good- 
nefs by beftowing upon him a gratification, and CQnti= 
nuing to him his ordinary penfion ; that he would afk 
no part of his gratification till after the troops from 
Holland fliould arrive here ; that he was not afraid of 
owing this new obligation to you, as his defign was to 
enter generally into whatever might be fuitable to the 
interefls of your Majefty ; that it was my part to re- 
prefent the fad as it is, and to let him know your Ma- 
jefty's intentions, in order that he might a6t accord- 

I anfwered very little to this difcourfe, becaufe I was 
much furprifed with the propofal he made me : I did 
not undertake at once to write of it, I only told Lord 
Sunderland that he had faid many things to me of great 
confequence, which merited more reflexion ; that I 
thought, I could only tell him, he ought not to treat 
upon terms with your Majefty, and that it would be 
more fuitable on his part to do what might be agree- 
able to your Majefty, and that afterwards he would 
have a right to afk and expeO: the favours he fliall have 

We had yefterday a converfation, in which this mi- 

nifter had repeated what he had faid to me, and gave 

me to underftand, that his defign was not to avail him- 

Voulll. N fclf 



feif ot the prefent eonjunfture to draw his own advaff^ 
tage from it ; that he continued in the engagements he 
h^d taken to be always in your Majefty's interefts; that 
1 had feen in what manner he had condu6ted himfelf on 
all occafions which had offered ; that I knew what part 
he has in his matter's confidence ; that if recalling the 
troops from Holland fuited your Majefly, you would 
not be unwilling to recompenfe the perfori who renders 
you that fervice, fince he thereby expofes himfelf much 
more than he had yet done ; that this ought to be re- 
prefented in a manner f uU of refpeO; and fubmifllon on his 
part, but in affairs of importance it was neceffary for 
him to explain himfelf clearly, and know what he had 
to depend upon, to the end he might a£t more furely 
and more boldly ; that he hoped your Majefty would 
gracioufly beftow upon him fuch a fum, as might put 
him in a condition to confront with lefs anxiety the re- 
volutions v/hich fo often happen in England : he did not 
precifely explain himfelf upon the fum he afked, but 
I believe he expeOis fomething confiderable, and he ap- 
pears perfuaded, that he fhall render a great fervice 
to your Majefly in caufing the troops to be recalled from 

I did all I could to difTuade him from making this de- 
mand, and I reprefented to him, that being already en- 
gaged in your Majefly's interefls, he ought to do every 
thing he thought might be agreeable to you, and not 
put your Majefly under the neceflity of granting what 
he afked, or difgufling him by a refufal. 

My remonflrance produced little effeO., and he re- 
plied, that if your Majefly judged it advantageous to 
your fervice to have thefe troops recalled, you would 
not grudge him a fum which you believed well em- 

It remains for me to give your Majefly an account of 
what relates to the fufpicion which Mr. Skelton thinks 
may fall upon Lord Sunderland of a fecrct connexion 
with the Prince of Orange ; I have difcovered nothing 
that can make it be believed; on the contrary, I fee 



{hat this minifter engages himfelf every day more In 
whatever can be mod oppofite to the interefts of the 
Prince of Orange, and that he holds a conduct incon- 
fiftent with the defign which it is pretended he has, to 
keep meafures with him. He is the perfon who for a 
long time pafl, has ardently prefTed all the refolutions 
which have beeh taken in favour of the Catholics ; he 
purfues with firmnefs whatever can lead to the abolifh- 
ing the Penal Laws and the Teft, which is what the 
Prince of Orange fears the mo{i. I know that he is 
refolved to declare hiriifelf a Catholic, when the King 
his rriafter vi^ill have him. All this is difficult to recon- 
cile with a fecret engagement in the interefls of the 
Prince of Orarge. He appears to me to preferve very 
little referve upon the important things he trufts me 
with, iind hazards a great deal if fome of them were 
known. I may, perhaps, be prejudiced in his favour, 
and that living in a Court, the principal employment 
of which he fills, I am too eafily led to believe what is 
moft agreeable to me, and what moft facilitates the fuc- 
cefs of the affairs with which I am charged ; I Ihall not, 
however, fail in keeping my eyes open to difcover, if 
pofllble, the truth. In the mean time, it feems to me, 
that Lord Sunderland gives himfelf up to me more and 
more every day, and puts himfelf, if I may fay fo, in- 
to your Majefty's hands. It was he who fet on foot the 
affair to me of recalling the troops, and who had ta- 
ken all poflible pains to make it fucceed : it is true the 
execution of this recal is retarded, and the propofal he 
makes of an extraordinary gratification, might make it 
believed that he has delayed the recal of the troops for 
his own private interefl ; at leafl he believes he may 
make ufe of it to bring about his ends. Your Majefty 
is to judge what is mofl fuitable to your fervice ; the 
reafons which the Marquis d' Abbeville makes ufe of, (of 
which I have fent your Majefty a copy) prove fufficient- 
ly thatitis the King of England's intereft to recal thefe 
troops from Holland, but thefe reafons have not been 
fufficient to caufe the refolutions to be taken. If your 
N 3 Majefty 


Majefty thinks it may be for your fervice to enter Intt? 
what is propofed by Lord Sunderland, I make no doubt 
but the troops' will be recalled without tofs of time, 
and that this minifter will fpeedily give this proof of his 
credit ; but if your Majefty fhall leave the King of 
England to a£t according to what he fhall judge mofl: 
proper, and fhall refer yourfelf to what they may de- 
termine here with regard to the time of the recall, it 
will, I believe, be necefTary to fpeak toLord Sunderland 
in fuch a manner, as may foften the chagrin of having 
met with a refufal, and leave a door open to him for 
managing affairs in the manner he has done hitherto. I 
fhall wait for what it may pleafe your Majefly to order, 
that I may execute it pun6tually. . 

There will be public prayers ordered throughout En- 
land upon a day to be named, for a happy ifTue to the 
Queen of England's pregnancy ; the prayers of the 
Catholics will be very fincere ; the fame is not expeft- 
ed in the proteftant churches ; but the bifhops and mi- 
nifters will not dare to excufe themfelves from obeying 
the proclamation. 

I am, &c. 

Ext rait d'une depeche de Barillon au Roy, Janv. 26, 

5n th B ^' /^-^ "'^^ P^^ ^^"^ peine que j'ai reduit la perfonne 

V-4 dont il eftqueftion a fe contenter de ce que votre 
Majefle me prefcrit par fa depeche du i 7 Janvier ; il 
s'eft a la fin rendue aux afTurances que je lui ai donnees 
de la part de votre Majefte, que dans d'autres occafions 
plus convenables et plus avantageufes aux interefts de 
votre Majefte, elle entrera en confideration de ce qui fe 
fera pour fon fervice. J'ai fait valoir comme j'ai du 
I'ofFre d'une gratification extraordinaire, fans rien exi- 
gcr de lui prefentement. Je n'ai fait paroitre aucun em- 
prefTement pour le rappel des troupes d' HoUande, et je 
I'ai laifTe dans une-entiere liberie de le hater ou de le re- 
tarder J j'ai meme allegue les raifons, portees parle de- 


peche de votre Majefte, pour lui perfuader que votre 
Majefte n'a aucune raifonde preffer ce rappel, etqu'elle 
fe rapporte a ceque le Roy d'Anglciterre jugera en cela 
devoir etre fait pour fon propre interefl. La cqnclufion 
a ete que celui a qui je parlois a accepte la gratificati- 
on extraordinaire, et a pris de nouveaux engagemens 
d'etre entierement dans les interefts de votre Majefte, 
et de chercher avec foin les oecafions de lui en donner des 
marques. Je ne puis pas direcependant qu'il foit pleine- 
ment content ; il avoit con^u I'efperance d'un avantage 
confiderable dont il a peine a le departir ; il s' ima- 
gine ne pas trouver fitot une occafion pareille a celle cy 
de meriter de votre Majefte ; je lui ai fait entendre qu'il 
s'en prefenteroit affex a I'avenir, et qu'aianc beaucoup 
de bonne volonte et un grand credit aupres du Roy fon 
maitre, on trouveroit dans la fuite des conjonfturesj, eii- 
core plus favorables et plus importantes. 


ExiraSl of a Utter from Mr. Bar'iUon to Louts the XlVth. 

Lord Sunderland gets a prefent gratification from 

France befides his -pevfion. 

January 26, 1688. 
ii TT v/'as not without trouljle that I brought the per- 
JL fon in queftion (i. e. Lord Sunderland) to con- 
sent himfelf with what your Majefty prefcribed to me 
by your difpatch of the 17th of January; at laft he 
fubmitted himfelf to the affurances I gave him on your 
Majefty's part, that on other oecafions more fuitable 
and more advantageous to your interefts, you would 
enter into the confideralion of what he fliall do for your 
fervice. I (hewed him the importance of your Maje- 
fty's offer of an extraordinary gratification, without 
exa£ting any thing from him at prefent. I expreflfed no 
eagernefs for recalling the troops from Holland, and 
left him entirely at liberty to haften or to retard it ; I 
N 3 ^vei| 



even made ufe of the reafons contained in your Maje- 
lly's difpatch, to perfuade him that you had no caufe to 
prefs the recall, and that you refer to what the King of 
England fhall judge fhould be done for his own interell:. 
The conclufion was, that the perfon to whom I fpoke 
accepted the extraordinary gratification, and -has enter- 
ed into a frefh engagement to be entirely in your Ma- 
jefty's interefls, and to feek with care for occafions to 
give proofs of it. I cannot, however, fay that he is 
fully contented ; he had conceived hopes of a more 
confiderable reward, which he can hardly quit. He 
imagines he will not foon find fuch an opportunity of 
deferving well of your Majefty. I told him, that enoua;h 
w*ould offer in time to come, and that having much of 
/the good will of the King his mafter, and a great credit 
' with him, conjunflures would be hereafter found fiill 
more favourable and more important." 

In thtDej>oi. Barillon in his difpatches of 26th February, id, 4th, 

1 1 th and 22d March, 1 2th April, and 24th May, 1 688, 
gives his court accourtts, that he afkcd Kingjames to fit 
out'twenty-five (hips of war to fupport Denmark : that 
Sunderland long oppofed this armament, alledging it 
would involve England in a quarrel with Holland; but 
that James, in confideration of 200,000 crowns to be 
paid him by France, having at laft, with Sunderland's 
approbation, agreed to what was afked, Sunderland 
made a merit of his mafter's confent, to infinuate an 
cxpeftation of another gratification to himfelf. " Je 
ne dois (fays Barillon) cacher a votre Majefte que mi- 
lord Sonderland croit en cela avoir bien merite de vo- 
tre Majefie, et qu'il pent efperer des marques de fa bi- 
enveillance par une gratification extraordinaire.'* ** 1 
ought not to conceal from your Majefly, that Lord 
Sunderland thinks he has deferved well of your Majefly 
in this, and that he may hope for marks of your good- 
nefs by an extraordinary gratification." 

In the Depn, ^^ account of Barillon's difburfements, dated 26th 

July, 1688, contains thefe two articles. 

*' Surqqoi 


** Surquolj'ai donnepour les fix premiers mols de cette 
anne de la penfion que fa Majefte a accorde a milord 
Sonderland, la fomme de trente mille livres Tournois. 

Plus a la memeperfonne pour gratification extraordi- 
rjaire par fa Majefte la fomme de trente mille livres 

" Of which I have given for the firfl fix months of 
this year, of the penfion vi-hich your Majefiy has grant- 
ed to Lord Sunderland, the fum of 30,000 livres 

More to the fame perfon for extraordinary gratificar 
tion by your Majefty^ the fum of 30,000 livres Tour- 
n.ois," _ 


Le Marquis d' Abbeville, wliom Lord Sunderland 
chofe to fend ambaflador to Holland, at the time when 
the foundations of the Revolution were laying, was as 
profligate as himfelf. 

Barillon in his letter 2d cf September, 1686, re- 
minds Louis the XI Vth that he had, upon a former oc- 
cafion, engaged Albeville in his interefts, and afks a 
power to do fo again. He adds thefe words, *' Mon- 
fieur le Prince d'Orange faij-a ce qu'il pourra pour le 
gagner." ** The Prince of Orange will do what he 
can to gain him." 

On the 5th of September, 1686, Barillon writes, 
** L'Ambaffadeur d'Hollande (i. e. d'Avaux) croit que 
Monf. le Princ ■ d' Orange pourra, s'il en a bien envie, 
I'engager dans fes interefts." " The ambaflador of Hol- 
land (i. e. d'Avaux) believes that the Prince of Orange 
will be able, if he has much defire for it, to engage 
him in his interefts." 

Oh the 23d September, 1686, he writes, that he is 
to pay 300 guineas to Albeville ; he adds, " II a pris 
avec moy toutes les engagemens poflibles." *' He has 
taken with me all pofiible engagemens." And in his 
account of difburfements of the loth of March, 1^87, 
fit {lates 300 guineas more to Albeville, 

N 4 l>ord 


Lord Sunderland, as may be feen in the Memoirs, to 
Vhich the prefent papers are an Appendix, got the com- 
mand of the foreign correfpondence, by procuring an 
order from the King to his ambafladors in foreign parts, 
not to write news of importance to theordinaryminifters. 
Among others, Albeville got this order, but he made a 
merit of it to Barillon, as if himfelf had procured it. 
Bariilon, in the fame letter of the 23d September, writes 
thus : *' II (i. e. Albeville) a rendu une fervice ccnfider- 
able depuis trois jours, ayant obtenu du Roy fon maitre, 
que lorfqu'il feroit en Hollande, il ecriroit les chofes 
generales et qui doivent etre publiques a milord Middle- 
ton ; mals que les chofes fecrettes et importantes feroient 
addreffees a milord Sunderland : c'eft mettre les affaires 
d'Hollande dans fes rriains, et les tirer de celles de milord 
Middleton, cela pent etre utile en beaucoup d'occafi- 
ons." *' He (i. e. Albeville) has done confiderable fer- 
vice within thefe three days, having obtained of the 
K-ing his matter, that when he is in Holland he may 
write to Lord Middleton general things, and which 
ma}^be made public; but that fecret and important af- 
fairs, fhould be addrefled to Lord Sunderland : this is 
putting the affairs of Holland into his hands, and tak- 
ing them out of Lord Middleton's, which may be ufe- 
ful on many occafions.'' 

After this, Barillon in his difpatches frequently fends 
news to France, which he got from Albeville in Hol- 

James was lulled into a fatal fecurity by Sunderland 
and Albeville. 

Louis the XlVth, in a letter to Barillon of the 7 th 
of June, 1688, ordered him to warn James to be on 
his guard againft the States of Holland, and to make 
an offer of joining fixteen French Ihips to the Engliih 
fleet. ' 

Barillon anfwers, on the loth of June, that James 
had accepted the offer^ and that Lord Sunderland pro- 




pofed the offer fhould be made public, to intimidate the 

Barillon writes, on the 14th June, that James had Jnthc Dej,3t. 
altered his mind, and thought the junQ:ion needlefs. 
*" II ne paroit pas perfuade jufqu'a prefent que cette 
junction pui0e etre neceflaire cette anne, ni qu'il y s^ 
apparence d'aucune enterprife de la part des Etats Ge- 
neraux centre lui." *' He does not appear perfuaded 
that this juncture can be neceflary this year, or that 
there is an appearance of any enterprize on the part of 
the States General againft him." 

Notwithftanding this, Louis, in his letter to Baril- In the. D^pa. 
Ion of 24 of June, 1688, writes that he is to keep his 
Ihips ready. The following paffage in the letter, marks 
the vain-glprious" character of that monarch. *' Et j'ai 
lui de croire, que le feul bruit qui s'en repandra fera 
■fuffifant pour retenir le Prince d'Orange, et I'empe- 
cher de rien entreprend re." *' And I believe the re- 
port of this alone will be fufficient to reftrain the Prince 
of Orange, and prevent him from attempting any 

The loofenefs of Albeville's difpatches were calcu- 
lated to continue the deception of James and his court. 
Barillon, on the 2d Auguft, 1688, writes thus of them : 
" II ne me paroit pas que fa Majefle Britannique ni fes 
principaux miniftres foient fort allarmez des avis de 
Monf. le Marquis d'Albeville, n'y en ayant point d'aflez 
circonftantie." — *' It does not appear to me that either 
his Britannick Majefty or his principal minifters are 
much alarmed with the informations of the Marquis 
of Albeville, none of them being circumftantiate 

Even the French court were little fedulous to let 
James know all his danger, being probably not unwil- 
ling to fee a family and a civil war among the only 
powers they had to dread, though little deeming it was 
to end fo foon. Barillon got no accounts from his court 
of the extent of the Prince of Orange's preparations 

In the Defet. 

In the Depot 
In the Depot, 

la the De[6t. 


till the 1 2th of Auguft, when Louis indeed gave him 
a full detail of them in a letter of that date, and charg- 
ed him to beg James to prepare himfelf, '* Par terre 
et par mer." — " By land and by fea." 

On the 23d and 26th of Auguft, 1688, Barillon 
writes to his court that James is at length come to believq 
in the Prince of Orange's intentions, and has defired the 
French fhips to be kept ready at Brell: for his affiftance. 
Yet on the 30th of Auguft James had been brought 
back to his original ideas of fecurity ; for Barillon, of 
that date, writes : II me dit qu'il avoit encore peine a. 
croire que Monf. le Prince d'Orange entreprit de faire 
une defcente en ce pays ci." — *^ He (i. e. James) told 
me that he had ftill difficulty to believe that the Prince 
of Orange could attempt making an invafion upon this 

On the 2d of September Barillon writes that he had 
advifed James to fend to Ireland for the troops which 
were there ; that James approved, but Sunderland made 
difficulties He adds: ** Ce miniftre paroit perfuade 
que le Prince d'Orange n'ofera entreprendre une de- 
fcente." — ** This minifter appears perfuaded that the 
Prince of Orange will not dare to attempt an inva- 
fion.'* ' : 

la ihc Dep^u ^" ^^^ ^^^ °^ September Barillon writes thus of the 

incredulity of James and his court: Sa Majefte Britan- 
nicfje et fes principaux miniflres ne croyent point que 
Monf. le Prince d'Orange ofe faire une defcente en An- 
gleterre." — " His Britannick Majefty and his principal 
minifters do not believe that the Prince of Orange dare 
m.ike a landing in England." 

In this laft letter Barillon informs Louis the XlVth, 
that James was willing the Irifh troops fhould come ; 
but that Sunderland objected they would alarm England ; 
that they could not arrive in time enough if the Prince 
fhould make an attempt ; that Ireland ought not to be 
left defencelefs, becaufe the Prince perhaps intended to 
^ lani 


land there ; and that at any rate the confent of parlia- 
ment ought to be waited for. 

Louis the XlVth being aftonifhed at the flumber of 
Jame^, fent over Bon Repos, one of his courtiers, on 
purpofe to roufe him to a fenfe of liis danger, to prefs 
him to recall his troops from Ireland for his defence, 
and to offer an inftant junction of the French to the 
Englifh fleet. Bariilon writes, on the 9th September, 
that Bon Repos was arrived, and that the King had ac- in the T>tput, 
cepted the offer of the French fleet, and directed Lord 
Sunderland to take meafures for its junQ:ion with his 

Yet, on the 13th of September, James lofl again the 
fenfe of his danger ; for Bariilon, of that date, writes : 
*' Sa Majefle Britannique et fes plus confidents miniflres 
ne croyent pas que Monf. le Prince d" Orange ait deffein 
de tenter une defcente en Angleterre dans la conjonfture 

prefente." *' His Britannick Majefly and his mofl 

confidential miniflers do not believe that the Prince of 
Orange has a defign to attempt an invafion of England 
in the prefentconjun6i:ure." 

The following letter from Monf. Bariilon to his court, 
fo late as the i8th of September, fhows to what a 
flrange degree King James was fafcinated by Lord 

Extra'it cHune depeche de Mr. Bariilon au Roi, 18 Sep- 
tembre, 1688. 

*' TE recus avant hier au foir la depeche de votre Ma- 

O jefte du 13 de ce mois, par un courrier expres ; ^^^'^^I^<po'' 
j'allai a I'inflant trouver le Roi d' Angleterre, et lui dis, 
que fur les derniers avis re^us de Hollande votre Majefte 
lui avoit voulu donner une nouvelle marque de fon ami- 
tie, et de la part fmcere qu'elle prend a ce qui le touche ; 
que cela I'avoit oblige de depecher un courrier expres, 
qui ne m' avoit rien apporte de nouveau. Le Roi d' An- 
gleterre jme temoigna etre fort fenfible ace que je lui 




^s, et fans entrer en matiere fur ce qui le regarde, il 
me demande ce que je favois de l'aQ:ion des troupes de 
votre Majefte: jeluidis que votreMajefte ne m'en man- 
doit rien, parcequ'il n'y avoit encore rien qu'elle peut 
favoir ; mais que j'avois ordre de lui dire qu'il feroit le 
premier averti de refolutions que votre Majefte prendra 
fur les mouvemens que feront fes ennemis, Sa Majefte 
entra enfuite dans la difcuffion des avis venus d' Hollan- 
de, et me dit que dans des affaires fi importantes il ne 
falloit rien negHger, mais que fon opinion n'etoit pas 
que Mr. le Prince d'Orange ofat entreprendre rien con- 
tre I'Angleterre dans la conjon6:ure prefente ; et qu'il 
ii'y avoit pas apparence qu'il put engager les Etats 
Generaux en meme terns dans une guerre contre 
votre Majefte et contre lui; que fon fentiment me- 
me n'etoit pas que les troupes des Etats entrepri- 
fent rien qui peut etre repute aiSte d'hoftilite, et qu' 
ainft il ne feroit pas impoflible que la guerre ne fet fit 
pas fitot, quoique les affaires paruflent fort engagees de 
part et d'autre. 

J'ai eu enfuite un long entretien avec Milord Son- 
derland ; fon fentiment eft femblable a celui du Roi fon 
maitre ; ils ne croient ni I'un ni I'autre que Monfr. le 
Prince d'Orange ait deffein de faire une defcente en An- 
gleterre, etils s'imaginent que s'il la fait, aucun homme 
j{m ait quelque bien fe declarera pour lui." 




Extrafl of a difpatch from Mr. Barillon to Louts the 
XlVthy September i8, 1688. — The King and Lord 
Sunderland do not believe the Prince of Orange will 
make an attempt upon England. 

" T RECEIVED the evening before laft your 
J. Majefty's difpatch of the 13th of this month by 
an exprefs ; I went that inftant to the King of England, 
and told him, that upon the bft advices received from 
Holland, your Majefly had wifhed to give him a frefli 
mark of your friend fhip, and of the fmcere part you 
took in all that concerned him, and that this had oblig- 
ed you to difpatch a meflenger exprefs, but v^^ho had 
brought me no accounts of any thing new. The King 
of England Ihewed himfelf very fenfible of what I faid 
to him, and without entering into what regarded him- 
felf, he afked me what I knew of the motion of your 
Majefty's forces ; I told him your Majefty had written 
nothing to me about it, becaufe there was nothing 
which your Majefly could as yet knpw ; but that I had 
your orders to tell him he fhould be the firft to be in- 
formed of the refolutions which your Majefty will take 
upon the motions of your enemies. His Majefty then 
entered into a difcuflion of the advices come from Hol- 
land, and faid that in fuch important affairs nothing 
ought to be negle6ted, but that his opinion was the 
Prince of Orange did not dare to undertake any thing 
againft England in the prefent conjunfture ; and that 
there was no appearance he could engage the States 
General in a war againft your Majefty and him at the 
fame time ; that he even thought the troops of the 
States would not undertake any thing which might be 
confidered as an a£t of hoftility j and that therefore it 
is pofTible the war may not be fo foon, however far ad- 
vanced the difputcs on both fides may feeni. 

I had 

2o6 A P P E N D I X. 

t had afterwards a long converfation with Lord Sun- 
derland ; his way of thinking is the fame as the King 
his mailer's ; they neither of them believe that the 
Prince of Orange has any defign to make a defcent in 
England, and they imagine if he does, no man who has 
any property will declare for him." 

On the 1 8th and 23d of September, and the i8th 
of 0£i:ober, 1688, Barillon writes, that King James 
was negle£ling to fend for the troops from Ireland. 

On the 18th of OQiober Barillon writes, that the 
troops were at lafl: ordered, both from Ireland and 
Scotland : a period when it is plain their march could 
only tend to leave thefe countries open, but not to join 
James in time enough to refift the firft impreffions ol 
the Prince of Orange. 

Barillon writes on the 25th of OQiober, that James 
laid upon Sunderland's counfels the blame of the difa- 
vowal of d'Avaux's memorial, and the imprifonment 
of Skelton. 

Kut the grofleft of all Sunderland's artifices to de- 
ceive his mafter and Barillon, was his making a public 
profeffion of the Roman catholic religion, at a time 
when he knew the Prince of Orange was coming to 
England to remove all thofe who profeffed it, froni all 
objeQ:s of ambition. Barillon gives the following ac- 
count of this matter. 

Eictralt cV me depiche de M. Barillon au Roy. 

Juillet 8, 1688. 
■^^ Ti ^ ILORD Sonderland s'eft declare ouvertement 
J.Va catholique ; le Roy d* Angleterre en a te- 
moigne beaucoup de joie, et en a parle dans un confeii 
tenu avec les principaux catholiques, comme d' une 
chofe utile a fes affaires, et dont il tirera des avantages 
pourAe fucces de fes deffeins, quoique milord Sonder- 
land fut deja dans le premier pofte, et eut plus de part 
que perfonne a la confiance d'j Roy fon maitre> ce qu'il 



vient de faire donne encore uri nouvel eclat a fa faveur, 
et augmente en ce pays cy 1' opinion de fon credit. Ce 
miniftre m'a parle comme ne defirant rien d' avantage 
que de meriter la proteftion de votre Majefte, et d'en 
etre aflure. II pretend a cet egard redoubler fes foins et 
Ion application a faire tout ce qu'il croira pouvoir con- 
venir aux interefts de votre Majefte. Au travers des 
efperances que lui donne 1' etat prefent des affaires par 
la naiffance d' une Prince de Galies, il connoit bieil 
que c'eft toujours beaucoup hazarder pour I' avenir de 
fe declarer catholiquc dans un pays ou les loix faites 
centre eux fubfiftent encore ; mais il a cru de voir 
cette declaration premierement a fa confcience, ayant 
eie depuis longtems perfuade que la feule veritable re- 
ligion etoit la catbolique ; et outre cette confideration 
qui a du etre la plus forte, il a voulu fermer la bouche 
a fes ennemis, et leur oter tout pretexte de dire qu'il 
peut entrer quelque menagement dans fa conduite pour 
le parti de M. le Prince d'Orange. On parle fort a la 
cour depuis deux jours de ce qu'a fait milord Sonder- 
land ; et on croit que fa Majefte Britannique s'en fer- 
vira pour prefler d' autres gens qui font attaches a lui • 
de faire la meme chofe. Milord Sonderland n'a point 
fait de nouvelle abjuration de herefie, V ayant faite il y 
a plus d'un an entre les mains du Pere Pitres." 


Extras of a difpatch from Mr. Bar'illon to Louis the 

XlVth. Lord Sunderland'' s reafons for the public 

declaration of his Popery. 

July 8, 1688. 
^* T O R D Sunderland has openly declared himfeU 
-»— ' a catholic ; the King of England expreffed a 
great joy at it, and has fpoke of it in a council held of 
the principal catholicks, as a circumftance ufeful to his 
afi'.ilr';, and from which advantages will be drawn for 



the fuccefs of his defigns ; although Lord Sunderland 
•was already in the firfl: employment, and had a greater 
fhare than any perfon in his mafter's confidence, what 
he has done gives ftill a new luftre to his favour, and 
augments in this country the opinion of his credit. 
This minifter fpoke to me as if he defired nothing more 
than to deferve your Majeily's prote6tion, and to be 
aflured of it. Upon this confideratioa he propofes to 
redouble his care and his application to do whatever 
he believes may be fuitable to your Majefty's interefts. 
Notwithflanding his hopes from the prefent ftate of 
affairs bv the birth of a Prince of Wales, he well 
knows, that he riiks much for the fiiture, by declaring 
himfelf a catholic in a countrv, where the laws made 
againll: thtm are flill in being ; but he thought he owed 
the declaration of his religion, firit to his confcience, 
he having been long perfuaded that the only true religi- 
on was the catholic; and befides this confideration, 
which ought to be the flrongeft, he was willing to fhut the 
mouths of his enemies, and take from them all pre- 
tence of faying there could be any refers^e in his conduct 
in favour of the Prince of Orange's party. What Lord 
Sunderland has done has been much Ipoken of at court 
thefe two days, and 'tis thought his Britannic Majefty 
will make ufe of it to prefs other perfons who are at- 
tached to him, to do the fame thing. Lord Sunder- 
land has made no new abjuration of herefy, having^ 
done it more than a year ago in the prefence of father 

The following paffage from Lord Dartmouth's notes 
upon Burnet's hiflory, gives an inftance of the affecta- 
tion of zeal for James by which Lord Sunderland en- 
deavoured to deceive others as well as that Prince. 
The period to which it relates, is the birth of the Prince 
of Wales. 

" The old Earl of Bradford told me he dined in a 
grent deal of company at: the Earl of Sunderland's, who 
declared publickly, tha: they were now fure of their 

eame ; 

Appendix. ao9 

game ; for it would be an eafy matter to have a houfe 
of commons to their minds, and there was nothing elfe 
could refill them. Lord Bradford a&ed him if they 
were as fure of the houfe of lords, for he believed they 
would meet with more oppofition there than they es- 
pe61:ed. Lord Sunderland turned to Lord Churchill 
whq fat next him, and in a very loud ihrili voice, cried, 
O Silly, why your troop of guards fhall be called to the 
houfe of lords." 

Lord Sunderland concluded all his hypocrify by pre- 
tending to alk refuge in France, at a time when he had 
refolved to take it in Holland. 

Barillon writes on the 7th of October, that Sunderland ^^ '^^ ^^^' 
told him he would be ruined if the Prince of Orange fuc- 
ceeded ; and that he had applied to him for a refuge 
in France. He writes on the 6th of November, that 
Sunderland had renewed his application, and that he, 
Barillon, had promifed him a retreat in France. 

But though thofe around King James were by means ^^ ^^^ ^^'' 
of Lord Sunderland's having the command of the foreign 
correfpondence, kept in the dark as to the preparations of 
the Prince of Orange, there v.-ere not wanting men of 
honour to warn him of the mifchiefs which his ideas of 
arbitrary power would bring upon him. Lord Dart- 
mouth's manufcript notes on Burnet, contain the follow- 
ing paflage. 

" P. 590. Not long before his (Bifhop Morley's) 
death (for he then kept his chamber) my tather carried 
me with him to Farnham caftle. I was not above 
twelve years old, but remember the Bifhop talked much 
of the duke, and concluded with defiring my father to 
tell him from him, that if ever he depended upon the 
doftrine of non-refiftance he would find himfelf de- 
ceived, for there were very few of that opinion, though 
there were not many of the Church of England that 
thought proper to contradict it in terms, but v/as very 
fure they would in pra^ice. My father told me he had 
Vol. IIL O frequently 


frequently put King James in mind of Morley's laft mef- 
fage to him, ihcugh to very little p -pofe: for all the 
anlwer was, that the bifhop v/as a very good man, but 
grown old and timorous." 

While tempefts were on all hand^ gathering around 
King James, he interefted himfelf only in reconciling the 
King of France with- the holy fee, and in the fate of a 
war againil the infidels. 

While the Prince of Orange was in the heart of his 
kingdom, Bariilon writes to his court uir the 22d of No- 
vember, that ^a.nes had fent forhimv/it'^ joy to inform 
him of a letter he had received from Lord Thomas 
Howard, to let him know that the Pope had accepted his 
mediation in the affair of Franchifes. 

The following letters (except a few alre^'dy printed 
concerning the recall of the Dutch troops) are the laft 
•which King James wrote to the Prince oi Oiarge. 
They come down fo low as the i 7 th of September, and 
to the erui are full of the other folly of a war againft 
the infidels. It is obfervable however, of all thefe letters 
after the Prince's refufal to part with the Britiih troops 
in the Dutch fervice, that the exprefiion of his affur- 
ance of kindnefs at the end of the letters is changed. 
For whereas his former way of giving that aflurance, 
was by faying he would be as kind to the Prince, *' as 
the Prince could defire," he now fays, " as the Prince 
could expeQ." The letters are in King William's box. 

King "James to the Prince of Orange. — Defires peace in 

Whitehall, Jan. 10, 1688. 
Had not yours of the 12th till this dav, and know not 
by what accident thofe letters which v/ere v/ritten 
the poft atter were here two days fooner. I fee you ap- 
prehend fome things which have been tranfacted lately, 



tnay caufe trouble in Europe. Nobody defires more 
the continuance of the peace than I do. It has been a 
treafury day with me, and is now fo late that I can fay 
rjo more, than that you fhall ftill find me as kind to you 

as you can defire." 

King James to the Prince of Orange.— He is againji peace 
with the Turks. 

Whitehall, April 3, 1688. 
H E N I came from hunting yefterday, I re- 
ceived yours of the 7 th, and find by it, you 
have as ill weather, and that the fpring is as backward 
with you, as it is here, and had a very cold hunting of 
it abroad. There is very little news flirring here, all 
things being very quiet, and I hope will continue fo, not 
only in this country, but on your fide of the fea alfo, I 
mean in Chriftendom ; for if there fhould be peace with 
the Turks, I fear a war would breakout in fomepartof 
other of Europe. I have no more to fay to you nowj 
but that you fhall find me as kind as you can expe£l:. 
For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King James to the Prince of Orange.'— About the weather 
and a fruit feafon. 

Whitehall, May it, 1688. 
''"1\ /f ^ S^'"? ^^ Chatham on Tuefday lafl hinder- 
J.VJL ^d n^- from writing to you by that day's poft^ 
to let you know I had received yours of the nth. I 
found my fhips and flores in very good condition, and 
chofe one of the new three rates, to be fitted out to carry 
the Queen Dowager, when (he goes for Portugal. I came 
back hither yeflerday morning, and found the Queen had 
not been well, and was in fome fears of coming before 
her time, but God be thanked Ihe was very well all day 
yeflerday, and continues fo now, fo that I hope Ihe will go 
O a out 



out her full time. The weather is now very feafonable, 
and there is hke to be great ftore of fruit this year. I 
have no more to fay, but that you fhall find me as kind 
to you as you can expe£t. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King James to the Prince of Orange. — Likes the Turkijh 

Whitehall, May 15, 1668. 
*' X Have received yours of the 18th, by the which I 
X find the Earl of Suffex was gone from the Hague, 
and had been with you on board the f;i':ps which were be- 
fore Schevelins;, which muft needs have been a new and 
pleafing fight to one who lives fo far from thefea. lam 
now fetting out my fummer guard, though there will 
be little for them to do, except the French who are 
gone, or agoing to Algiers, oblige thofe people to make 
peace with them, and then of courfe they muft fall out 
with me, though they have already war with you. For 
my part, I continue ftill of the mind I was, and will en- 
deavour to fuppoit the peace of Chriftendom, that the 
Emperor and Venetian may profecute the war againft 
the Turks. I intend to have a camp as ufual at 
Hounflow the beginning of next month, which is all I 
have to fay, but that you fhall find me as kind to you 
as you can expe£t." 

King 'James'' s ^een to the Prince of Orange. An 

apology for not zvriting to him. 

St. James's, May 19. 
Am fo alhamed to have been fo loner without an- 
fwering your obliging letter, that 1 know not what 
to fay for myfelf. I well believe you know me too well 
to fufpe^t it want of kinunefs, and therefore I hope you 



will think it asit was, want of time, or at the v/orftalittle 
lazinefs, which being confelTed, I hope will be excufed, 
forelfel did long to return you a thoufand thanks, as I do 
now for your kind wifhes, v/hich I hope you will conti- 
nue, and believe that I am with allfmcerity, truly yours, 

M. R." 

King ^amesto the Prince of Orange. — Common news. 

Whitehall, May 29, 1688. 
Have received yours of the firft of June, and am 
of the opinion that the Algerines will not break 
with me, unlefs they make peace with you, for they do 
not care to have to do with both of us at once ; the 
Queen Dowager being refolved not to go for Portugal, 
will fave me the charge of a great third rate I was fit- 
ting out for her, and the continuing oj oi fome other 
Ihips longer than I had at firfi: deiigned them. The 
Queen was let blood this morning, having a great cold 
and being fomewhat feverifli ; fhe is now better than 
fhe was, and I hope will be quite well to-morrow. I 
have not time to fay more, but that you (hall find me as 
kind to you as you can expe^l. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King James to the Prince of Orange. — Anxious about the 
TurkiJ}) war. 

" T Have had yours of the nth, and am afraid that the 
JL death of th? Elector of Cologne, may in time caufe 
fome diflurbance. I fhould be glad it did not, being ftill 
defirous there fhould be no war araongft Chriftians. And 
by letters of the 2d of May, from my ambaffador at Con- 
ftantinople, I am informed that the Turk can have no 
confiderable army in the field this year, by reafonofthe 
great diforders they have had amongft themfelves ; fo 
that the Imperialifts have a fair opportunity of taking 
O 3 Belgrade 


Belgrade this fummer. I intended to have faid more, but 
it is fo late that I cannot, and fo mufl end, which I do 
with alluring you of mj being as kind to you as you 
can expefl:. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orangs." 

King James to the Prince of Orange. — The Prince ofWaki 
born. The Turkijh and Algerine -war. 

St. James's, June 12, 1688. 
« '"in H E Queen was, God be thanked, fafely deliver- 

A ed of a fonne on Sunday morning a little be- 
fore ten ; fhe has befen very well ever fince, but the 
child was fomewhat ill this laft night of the wind and 
fome gripes, but is now, blefTed be God, very well 
again, and like to have no returns of it, and is avery ftrong 
boy. Lafl night I received yours of the 18 th, and hope 
by this the campaign is well begun towards Belgrade. 
I etpe6l every day to hear what the French fleet hag 
done at Algiers, having heard they were jufl; arrived 
before that place. 'Tis late, and I have not time to 
fay more, but that you fhall find me to be as kind to 
you as you can expeft. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

Kif^g fames to the Prince of Orange — Sorry for the floixi- 
wefs of the Turkijh war. 

St. James's, July 13, 1688. 
?' Y HAVE had 3-ours of the 13th, and am forry things 
A go on fo {lowly in Hungary ; the Duke of Lor- 
raine's having been indifpofed has been very advanta- 
geous to the Turk. I came back lafl night from 
Windfor, after having hunted there. This next week I 
intend to go down to the buoy of the Nore, to fee the 
fmall fquadron of fiiips I have out, having ordered them 
to come thither for that purpofe ; and about the 24th 


of this month, intend for Windfor, to ftay there the re- 
maining part of the fummer. My troops are flill en- 
camped at Hounflow. When Mr. Zuliften goes back 
he will give you an account of them, I ji ave not time to 
fay more, but that you fhall find me as kind to you as 
you have reafon to expect." 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King James to the Prince of Orange.-— —A dry anfwer to 
the Prince'' s congratulation dn the birth of the young 



St. James's, July 22d, 1688. 
HAVE had yours by M. Zuleftein, and who 
has, as well as your letter, affured me of the part 
you take on the birth of my fon ; and would not let him 
return without writing to you by him, to affure you I 
fhall always be as kind to you as you can with reafon 

King James's ^een to the Prince of Orange. On the 


St. James's, July 24th, 1688. 
*' /" I 1 HE compliments Mr. Zuliftein mad^ me from 
\ you, and the letter he brought me are fo 
obliging, that I know not which way to begin to give 
you thanks for it. I hope he will help me to affure you 
that lam very fenfible of it, and that I efteemand defire 
nothing more than the continuance of your friendfhip, 
which I am fure fhall always deferve one way mine, by 
being with all the fincerity imaginable truly yours. 

" M. R." 

O 4 King 


King "James to the Prince of Orange. — The Turkijh war. 

Windfor, Auguft 31, 1688. 
PI AVE received yours of the 30th from Loo, 
and by it find you had had the good news of the 
Elector of Bavaria's having pafled the Sane, and, I hope, 
the next letters from that army will bring the.nev,^s of 
the taking of Belgrade. When the Emperor is once 
mafter of that place and Gradifca, he will have a very 
good frontier towards the Turks. This place of itfelf 
affords little nev/s, for 'tis none now to tell you when the 
parliament is to meer, and till then we are to exped 
what news we have from your fide of the water. I fliall 
now fay no more, but that you fhall find me as kind to, 
you as you can expeft. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange." 

King Jajnes's loft letter to the Prince of Orange. The 


Windfor, September 17, 1668. 
HAVE received yours of the 17th from the 
Plague, by which I find you were come back thi- 
ther from a voyage you had made into Germany, to 
fpeak with fome of the Princes there. I was very glad 
to hear, by an exprefs which came to the Spanifh am- 
baffador here, of the taking of Belgrade, which, with the 
taking of Gradifka, will fecure the Emperor's conquefts 
in thofe parts. I am forry there is fo much likelihood of 
war upon the Reyn ; nobody wifliingmore the peace of 
Chriftendom than myfelf. I intend to go to-morrow to 
London, and the next day to Chatham, to fee the con- 
dition of the new batteries I have made in the Medway, 
and my fhips which are there. The Queen and my 
fonne are to be at London on Thurfday, whicji is all 

I fhall 


I fiiall fay, but that you fhall find me as kind to you as, 
you can expe8:. 

For my fonne, the Prince of Orange, 

James's difavowal of d' Avaux's memorial at the HaguCj 
and.the imprifonment of Skelton, who had fuggefted it, 
provoked the pride of Louis, and he left James tohisfatCo 
The following letter from Louis to Barillon, bothlliews 
his pique, and gives full evidence that there was no for- 
mal treaty between Louis and James. 

Lett ere du Roy a Mr. Barillon, Septembre 30, 1688. 

"ONS. Barillon, votre lettre du 23me de ce i„thcZ)rtef. 
mois m'informe des precautions que le Roy 
d'Angleterre prend pour fe garantir d'une defcente du 
Prince d'Orange en Angleterre; et je fuis blen aife 
d'apprendre qu'il ne naglige rien pour faire repentir ce 
Prince d'une fi injufte entreprife ; mais je fuis d'autant 
plus furpris de toutes les demarches que le dit Roy fait 
aLondreset la Haye pour faire voir qu'il n'a aucu- 
ne part a la dclaration que le Sieur d'Avaux a faite par 
raes ordres aux Etats Generaux. II ne doit pas douter 
-que fi quelque chofe efl capable de detourner le Prince 
d'Orange de paffer en Angleterre, c'efl: I'interefl que je 
temoigne prendre a tout ce qui regarde le dit Roy ; et 
qu'encore qu'il n'y ait pas de traite de figne entre moi et 
lui, neanmoins les liaifons de convenance en ont forme 
depuis fon avenement a la couronne une plus etroite que 
fi elle avpit ete flipulee par un traite folemnel ; et d'ail- 
leurs quelque moyen que j'aie de repouffer par mes 
feules forces toui mes ennemis, je ferai toujours bien 
aife que les Princes qui auront quelqu' afFe£lion pour 
ma couronne declarent la guerre a mes ennemis fans que 
je les en recherche ; en fin de quelque cote qu'on exa- 
mine les declarations que le Roy d'Angleterre a faites 
fur ce fujet aux Etats Generaux, on y reconnoitra tou- 



jours une foiblefle capable d'encourager le Prince 
d'Orange dans fes pernicieux deffeins. 

J'approuve auffi la maniere dont vous avez, parle au 
Roy d'Angleterre, et au Comte Sonderland touchant le 
rappel du Sieur Skelton ; cet envoye meritoit plutot 
une reccmpenfe qu'une difgrace aufli eclatanteque celle 
d'un fi prompt retour en Angleterre pour y aller rendre 
compte de fes afitions. Sur ce, &g." 

^ Tranjlation. 

Letter from Lorn s the XlVth to Mr. Bartllon. — Is piqued 

by James's difavcwing d'' Avaux' s memorial. No 

formal treaty bet-ween fames and Louis. 

September ?o, 1688. 
■R. Barillon, Your letter of the 23d of this 
month informs me of the precautions the 
King of England takes to guard himfelf againft an in- 
vaf]on by the Prince of Orange in England ; and I am 
very glad to learn that he negle<£ts nothing to make that 
Prince repent of fo unjuft an enterprize; but I am, on 
that account, the more furprifed at all the ftep thefaid 
King takes at London and the Hague, to fliew that he 
had no part in the declaration which the Sieur d'Avaux 
made by my orders to the States General. He ought 
not to doubt that if any thing is capable to divert the 
Prince of Orange from paffing into England, it is the 
interell: which I Ihew I take in all that regards the faid 
King ; and though there is no treaty figned between me 
and him, neverthelefs the ties of agreement fince his 
coming to the throne, have formed a more ftriO; one than 
ifflipulated bya formal treaty ; and moreover, whatever 
means I may have to repel, with my forces alone, all 
my enemies, I ihall always be very glad that the Princes 
who have any afiedion for my crown, fhould fhew 
hoftility to my enemies without my afking it of them ; 
in fliort, in whatever light the declarations which the 
King of England has made to the States General are 



examined, there will always be found a weaknefs capa- 
ble of encouraging the Prince of Orange in his firft 

I approve aifp of the manner in which you have talked 
to the King of England and the Earl of Sunderland 
concerning the recall of Mr. Skelton ; this Envoy ra- 
ther deferves arecompence, than a difgrace fo public as 
that of being obliged to return immediately to England 
to give an account of his a8:lpns," 

King James to his dying hour complained of his ene- 
mies for alledging that there was a formal treaty be- 
tween him and France, and aflumed merit from his in- 
nocence of the charge : a flrong inftance how the 
mind of man may iuipofc upon itfelf. Many papers in 
this Appendix fhew that the conneSlion was flricSter be- 
tween him and Louis than any formal treaty could 
create ; and the words of Louis in this lafl letter, 
prove that Louis thought fo. 

Amongft Lord Dartmouth's notes on Bifhop Bur- 
net's hiftory there is the following one. 

Page 783. '^ The Duke of Chandos told me, as a 
thing he knew to be true, that the King of France 
wrote to King James to let hirn know that he had cer- 
tain intelligence that the defign was upon England, and 
that he would immediately befiege Maftrick, which 
would hinder the States from parting with any of their 
forces for fuch an expedition, but the fecret mufl be 
kept inviolable from any of the miniflers. Soon after 
the States ordered fix thoufand men to be fent to Mafl:- 
rick, upon which the King of France defired to know 
of King James if he had revealed it to any body, for 
he himfelf had to none but Louvois, and if he had 
betrayed him fhould treat him accordingly. King 
James's anfwer was, that he never told it to any body 
but Lord Sunderland, who he was very fure was too 
much in his intereft to have difcovered it. Upon which 
the King of France faid, he faw plainly that King 
James was a man cut out for deftruQion, and there was 
no poffibility of helping him." 



The Earl of Hardwicke was fo obliging as to give 
me the following curious notes from the Princefs 
Anne's letters to her fifler, which were taken from the 
originals by the late DoiSlor Birch. 

DoSfor Birch'' s notes from the Princefs Anne's letters to 
her Sijier. 

Cockpit, Dec. 29, 1687. 
O R R Y people have takea fuch pains to give 
fo ill a charafiler of Lady Churchill .... I be- 
lieve there is nobody in the world has better notions of 
religion than Ihe has. It is true, fhe is not fo ftrifl as 
fome are, nor does not keep fuch a buftle with religi- 
on ; which I confefs, I think, is never the worfe, for 
one fees fo many faints meer devils, that if one 
be 'a good Chriflian, the lefs fliew one makes, it 
is the better 'in my opinion. Then, as for moral 
principles, it is impoiTible to have better ; and without 
that, all the lifting up of hands and eyes, and going 
often to church, will prove but a very lame devotion. 
One thing more I muft fay for her, which is, that ilie 
has a true fenfe of the do6lrine of our church, and ab- 
hors all the principles of the church of Rome ; fo that 
as to this particular, I affure you fhe will never change. 
The fame thing, I will venture, now I am on this 
fubje£t, to fay for her Lord ; for though he is a very 
faithful fervant to the King, and that the King is very 
kind to him, and, I believe, he will always obey the 
King in all things that are confident with religion ; yet 
rather than change that, I dare fay, he will lofe all his 
places, and all that he has. 

Yi. once talks to her upon religion, upon occafion of 
her talking to fo-ne lady, or looking another way, 
when a pried faid grace at the King's table. 



Report of Lord Treafurer's being to be put out of 
his place. The King tells her that this morning. 

Lord Treafurer told me the other day, the King 
commanded him to hear a difpute ; and that he heard 
one between two of their prieils, and Dr. Jane and 
Dr. Patrick of our fide ; and by it, that he was the 
more confirmed of the truth of our religion. 

January lo, 1687-8 

AFRAID to fend a letter by Mr. d'Albeville, 
he having alwavs had a very odd charafiier. 
-He has always been counted a fpy, that you may 

have a care of him. 

Lady Tyrconnel is going to-morrow. 

Very forry that the King encourages people of that 
religion fo much. 

Lord Clarendon, as to his own affairs, has been a 
very ill manager, v\^hich I cannot help being forry for 
on my mother's account; for as for himfelf, he has not 
behaved himfelf fo well to me as I think he had reafon, 
nor no more indeed has any of that family, which one 
may think a little extraordinary. 

Cockpit, Jan. 31, 1687-8 
A M forry the King encourages . the Papifts 
fo much ; and I think it is very much to be fear- 
ed, that the defire the King has to take off the Tefl, 
and all other laws againfl them, is only a pretence to 
bring in Popery. 

I am forry the King relies fo much upon Lord Sun- 
derland and Lord Godolphin ; for every body knows, 
that once they were as great enemies as any he had, 
and their own hearts can only tell what converts they 
are. As for the firfl; of them, by all outward appear- 
ance, he mufl: be a great knave (if I may ufe that ex- 
preffion of a minifter) for he goes on fiercely for the 
interefts of the Papifts, and yet goes to no church, 
and has made no public declaration of his religion, 




whatever it is, I fear he has not much of any. All 
we can do in thefe matters, is to pray to God to open 
the King's eyes, and to order all things for the bed, that 
this poor nation may not be overthrown by Popery. 

The Cockpit, March 13, 1687-8, 
** 'T^HIS letter going by fure hands, 1 vi^ill now ven- 
X tore to write my mind very freely to you. 

Denied the fatisfaflion of feeing her fifter this 
fpring, though the King gave her leave when fhe firft 
afked it. Imputes this to Lord Sunderland, for the 
King trufls him with every ihing ; and he going on 
fo fiercely for the intereft of the Papifts, is afraid you 
fhould be told a true character of him. 

You may remember, I have once before ventured to 
tell you,, that I thought Lord Sunderland a very ill 
man, and I am more confirmed every day in that opi- 
nion. Every body knows how often this man turned 
backward and forwards in the late King's time ; and 
nov/, to complete all his virtues, he is working with 
all his might to bring in Popery. He is perpetually 
with the priefts, and flirs up the King to do things faf- 
ter than I believe he would of himfelf. Things are 
come to that pafs now, that, if they go on fo much 
longer, I believe, in a little while, no proteftant will 
be able to live here. 

The King has never faid a word to me about reli- 
gion fince the time I told you of; but I expert every 
minute, and am refolved to undergo any thing rather 
than change my religion. Nay, if it Ihould come to 
fuch extremities, I will chufe to live on alms rather than 

This v/orthy Lord does not go publicly to mafs, but 
hears it privately at a priefl's chamber, and never lets 
any body be there, but a fervant of his. 

His lady too, is as extraordinary in her kind ; for 
fhe is a flattering, diflembling, falfe woman ; but fhe 
l^as fo fawning and endearing a way, that fhe will de- 


ceive any body at firft, and it is not poffible to find out 
all her ways in a little time. She cares not at what rate 
Ibe lives, but never pays any body. She will cheat, 
though it be for a little. Then fhe has had her gal- 
lants, though may be not fo many as fome ladies here ; 
and with all thefe good qualities, , ilie is a coidant 
church woman ; fo that to outward appearance one 
would take her for a faint, and to hear her talk, you 
would thnik (he were a very good Proteftant ; but ihe 
is as much one as the other ; tor it is certain that her 
Lord does nothing without her. 

. . . One thing there is, which I forgot to tell you, 
about this noble Lord, which is, that it is thought, if 
every thing does not go as he would have it, that he 
will pick a quarrel with the court, and fo retire, and 
by that means it is poflible he will think he makes his 
court to you. 

There is one thing about yourfelf, which I cannot 
help giving my opinion in, which is, that if the King 
Ihouid defire you and the Prince of Orange to come 
over to make him a vifit, I think it would be better (if 
you can make any handfome excufe) not to do it ; for 
though I dare fwear the King could have no thought 
againfl either of you, yet fince people can fay one thing, 
and do another, one cannot help being afraid ; if ei- 
ther of you Ibould come, I fnould be very glad to fee 
you ; but really if you or the Prince ihouid come, I 
Ihould be tiightened out of my wits for fear any harm 
ftiould happen to either of you." 

The Cockpit, March 14, 1687-8. 
Cannot help thinking Manfell's Wife's (i. e. the 
Queen) great belly is a littie fufpicious. It is 
true indeed, flie is very big, but fhe looks better than 
ever fhe did, which is not ufual ; for people when they 
are fo far gone, for the moil part, look very ill : be- 
fides, 'tis very odd, that theBalh, that all the beft Doc- 



tors thoughtwould <lo her a great deal of harm, fhoutd 
bave had fo very good efFe6l fo foon, as that flie fliould 
prove with child from the firll: minute fhe and Manfell 
met, after her coming from thence. Her being fo po- 
fitive it will be a fon, and the principles of that religion 
being fuch, that they will ftick at nothing, be it never 
fo wicked, if it will promote their intereft, give fome 
caufe to fear there may be foul play intended. I will do 
all I can to find it out, if it be fo ; and if I ftiould 
make any difcovery, you fhall be fure to have an ac- 
count of it." 

The Cockpit, March 20, 1687-8. 
" T Hope you will inftruQ: Bentley, what you would 

X have your friends to do, if any alteration fhould 
come, as it is to be feared there will, efpecially if Manfell 
has a fon, which I conclude he will, there being fo much 
reafon to believe it is a falfe belly. For methinks, if it 
were not, there having been fo many ftories and jefts made 
about it, file fhould, to convince the world, make ei- 
ther me, or fome of my friends feel her belly ; but 
quite contrary, whenever one talks of her being with 
child, fhe looks as if fhe were afraid one fhould touch 
her. And whenever I have happened to be in the room, 
as fhe has been undrefling, fhe has always gone in the 
next room, to put on her fmoek. Thefe things give me 
fo much ju(l caufe of the fufpicion, that I believe, when 
fhe is brought to bed, nobody will be convinced ^tis 
her child, except it prove a daughter. For my part, 
I declare I fhall not, except I fee the child and fhe 

I can't end my letter without telling you, that Ro- 
gers's wife (i. e. Lady Sunderland) plays the hypocrite 
more than ever ; for fhe goes to St. Martin's, morning 
and afternoon (becaufe there are not people enough to 
fee her at Whitehall chapel), and is half an hour before 
other people come, and half an hour after every body is 
gone, at her private devotions. She runs from church 



to church after the famoufefl preachers, and keeps 
fuch a clatter with her devotions, that it really turns 
one's ftomach. Sure there never was a couple fo well 
matched, as fhe and her good hufband ; for as flie is 
throughout in all her aflions the greatcft jade that ever 
was, fp is he the fubtilleft workingeft villain, that is on 
{:he face of the earth." 

The Cockpit, March 26, 1688. 
King angry with the Princefs of Orange for having 
taken Lord Copte into her family. 

Richmond, April 11, 1688* 
Account of her manner of life. 

The Cockpit, April 29, 1688. 
Firmnefs to her religion. 

«^ T Abhor the principles of the Church of Rome 
X as much as it is poffible for any to do, and I as 
much value the doftrine of the Church of England. 
And certainly there is the greatefl reafon in the world to 
do fo, for the dodrine of the Church of Rome is wick- 
ed and dangerous, and dircdly contrary to the Scrip- 
tures ; and their ceremonies, mod of them, plain 
downright idolatry." 

Richmond, May 9, 1688. 
" T T^^-'^ ^^^ King's proceedings againfl: the Uni- 

KJ verfity of Cambridge. By this, one may ea-^ 
fily guefs, what one is to hope for henceforward — fince 
the priefts have fo much power with the King. to make 
him do things fo direflily againfl the laws of the land, 
and indeed contr^-ry to his own promifes. It is a me- 
lancholy profped that all we of the Church of England 
Jh^ve. All the feftaries may now do what they pleafe. 
Every one has the free exercife of tiji^ir religion, on 

Vol. III. P ' purpofe.. 


porpofe, no doubt, to ruin us, which, I think, to all 
impartial judges is very plain. For my part, I expe6t: 
every minute to be fpoke to, about my religion, and 
wonder very much I have heard nothing of it yet. 

. . . This laft honour the King has conferred on 
Lord Sunderland, will, I doubt not, make him drive 
on our deflru6lion with more hafte. His Lady too, is 
now in all appearance like to be a favourite with the 
Queen ; for now, that Lady Rochefter is dead, there 
is nobody to put the Queen in mind, often, how ill a 
woman Lady Sunderland is. Though the Queen of 
late had no good opinion of Lady Rochefter ; yet the 
truth fhe told of Lady Sunderland, did certainly keep 
her from growing great with the Queen while fhe lived. 
But now (he is dead. Lady Sunderland, what with her 
fawning infinuating way, and the court her Lord makes 
to the Queen, is to be feared will grow in great favour ; 
and then no doubt fne will play the devil, for fhe has no 
religion, though fhe pretends to a great deal ; and fo 
flip is great, fhe cares not who Ihe ruins. And 
to fay truth, ihe does not want wit or cunning, and that 
with her ill-nature together, may make her capable of 
doing a great deal of mifchief. The Queen, you mud 
know, is of a very proud haughty humour ; and though 
fhe pretends to hate all form and ceremony, yet one 
fees, that thofe that make their court that way, arc 
very well thought of. She declares always, that flie 
loves fincerity, and hates flattery ; but when the groff- 
eft flattery in the world is faid to her face, fhe feems 
extremely well pleafed with it. It really is enough to 
turn one's ftomach, to hear what things are faid to her 
of that kind, and to fee how mightily fhe is fatisfied 
with it. All thefe ways Lady Sunderland has in per- 
feftion, to make her court to her. She is now much 
oftner with the Queen than flie ufed to be. 

It is a fad, and a very uneafy thing to be forced to 
live civilly, and as it were freely, with a woman that 
one knows hates one, and does all fhe can to undo 
every body ; which fhe certainly does. 


APPENDIX. ' ■22'j 

One thing, I muft fay of the Queen, which is, that 
Ibe is the moft hated in the world of all forts of people j 
for every body believes, that fhe preffes the King to be 
more violent than he would be of himfelf j which is 
not unlikely ; for fhe is a very great bigot in her way j 
and one may fee by her, that fhe hates all Proteftants. 
All Ladies of quality fay, fhe is fb proud, that they 
don't care to come oftencr than they mufl needs, jufl 
out of mere duty. And indeed, fhe has not fo great a 
court, as fhe ufed to have. She pretends to have a great 
deal of kindnefs for me ; but I doubt it is not real ; for 
I never fee proofs of it, but rather the contrary. 

Apprehends that the King will fpeak to her about re- 
ligion, when the Prince goes to Denmark at the end of 
the month." 

The Cockpit, June i8, 1688. 
" T\ /r Y dear filler can't imagine the concern and 
.JLVX vexation I have been in, that I fhould be fo 
unfortunate to be out of town when the Queen was 
brought to bed, for I (hall never now be fatisfied, whe- 
ther the child be true or falfe. It may be it is our bro- 
ther, but God only knows, for fhe never took care to 
fatisfy the world, or give people any demonflration of 
it. It is wonderful, if fhe had really been with child, 
that nobody was fuffered to feel it flir, but Madam 
Mazarin, and lady Sunderland, who are people that 
nobody will give credit to. If out of her pride, fhe 
would not have let me touch her, methinks it would 
have been very natural for her fometimes, when fhe 
has been undrefTing, to have let Mrs. Roberts, as it 
were by chance have feen her belly ; but inflead of en- 
deavouring to give one any fatisfaftion, fhe has always 
been very fhy both to her and me. The great buflle 
that was made about her lying in at Windfor, and then 
refolving all of a fudden to go to St. James's, which is 
much the propereft place to a6l fuch a cheat in ; and 
Mr. Turone's lying in the bed-chamber that night fhe 
fell in labour, and none of the family befides being 
P 2 removed 


removed from Whitehall, are things, that give one 
great caufe to be fufpicious. But that, which to me 
feems the plainefl thing in the world is, her being 
brought to bed two days after fhe heard of my coming 
to tov/n, and faying that the child was come at the full 
time, when every body knows, by her own reckoning, 
that Ihe Ihould have gone a month longer. ^After all 
this, 'tis poffible it may be her child ; but where one 
believes it, a thoufand do not. For my part, except 
they do give very plain demonftrations, which is almofl 
impoflible now, I ihall ever be of the number of un- 
believers. I don't find that people are at all difhearten- 
ed, but feem all of a mind, which is a very comforta- 
ble thing at fuch a time as this. 

All the time the bifhops were in the Tower, every 
body flocked to fee them ; and there was great joy -at 
their coming out. As many Lords as could without 
falling into apremunire, intended to petition the King, 
but their not having done it yet, . makes me fear they 
will flay till 'tis too late. One cannot help having a 
thoufand fears and melancholy thoughts ; but whatever 
changes may happen, you fhall ever find me firm to 
my religion, and faithfully yours." 

Windfor, June 22, 1688. 
Aving heard, that in Scotland every body has 
taken new commiflions for their places, with- 
out taking the Teft, and thinking it of very great con- 
fequence, becaufe all that has been done there, has 
been but a fore-runner of what in a fhort time has been 
done here, I thought myfelf obliged to fend one a pur- 
pofe to give you notice of it, as foon as it was pofTible, 
that you may, if you can, do fomething to put a flop to 
it, before it is gone too far ; for I am wholly of your 
mind, that in taking away the Tefl:, and Penal laws, 
they take away our religion ; aud if that be done, 
farewell all happinefs ; for when once the Papifts have 
every thing in their hands, all we poor Proteflants have 
but tlifmal times to hope for. Though we agree in 



thefe matters, yet I can't help fearing, that you are not 
of my opinion in other things, becaufe you never an- 
fweredme to any thing that I have faid of Rogers, nor 
of Manfell's wife." 

The Cockpit, July 9, i ( 
H E Prince of Wales has been ill thefe three 
or four days ; and if he has been fo bad as 
iome people fay, I believe it will not be long before he 
is an angel in heaven. 

You wilt not have many more ktters frorrr me, from 
hence, this fummer; for I intend next week, an it 
pleafe God, to go to Tunbridge, which the doHors 
tell me is the bed thing I can do to hinder me from raif- 
carrying, when I am with child again. I confefs I am 
very glad I am advifed to go thither, for it is very un- 
eafy to me to be with people, tha't every moment of 
one's life one mufl: be diffembling with, and put on a 
face of joy, when one's heart has more caufe to ake ; 
and the Papifts are all fo very infolent, that it is infup- 
portable living with them. There is no remedy but 
patience; but you may eafily imagine, that as the 
world goes riow, W a fincere mind, the court mufl be 
very difagreeable. 

This going with the packet-boat, I (hall not write 
to you, by to-morrow's poft. 

^ejiions fent by the Princefs of Orange, to the Princefs 
Ann of Denmark. 

July 21, 1 688. 
Hether the Queen defired at any time any 
of the Ladies, in particular the Princefs 
of Denmark, to feel her belly, fmce fhe thought her- 
felf quick ; and who thofe ladies are ; and when that 
was, whether in the beginning of her being quick, or of 
late? P 3 

a. Whether 


2. Whether the milk that, as is faid, was in the 
Queen*s breafts, was feen by many, or condufted in a 
myftery ? 

3. Whether the aftringents, that the Queen is faid 
to have taken, were taken by her openiy, or if a myf- 
tery was made of that ? 

4. "Whether the treating of the Queen's breads for 
drawing back the milk, and the giving her clean linen, 
has been managed openly, or myflerioufly ? 

5. At what hour did the Queen's labour begin ? 

6. At what hour was the notice of it fent to the 
King? Whether the King did not lie at St. James's, 
or with the Queen that night ; or if he was gone back 
to Whitehall ? 

7. Whether upon fending to the King, the thing 
was let fly over St. James's and Whitehall ; or if the 
notice was fent fecretly to the King ? 

8. Whether did the King fend about for the privy 
counfellors ; or if he took thofe that were by accident 
at Whitehall ? 

9. At what time came the King with the council inta 
the Queen's chamber .'' 

10. Whether was there a fcreen at the'foot of the 
bed, between it and the reft of the room, or not ? , 

11. Whether did any women, befides the confidents, 
fee the Queen's face when (he was in labour ? And 
whether fhe had the looks of a woman in labour ? Who. 
was in the room, both men and women ? What time 
they came in, and how near they flood ? 

12. How long was the King talkingto the privy coun- 
fellors, after the child was carried into the next 
room, before he went to look upon it ? and in this, as 
well as in the other queftions, relating to the point of 
time, a critical anfwer, as near to a minute as it is pof- 
fible, is defired. 

1 3. What women, of one fort or other, were pre- 
fpnt ? And if no \yoman was called in to hold the Queen ? 

14. Were 


14. Were no Ladies fent for ? or who were fent for ? 
and at what time the meffage was fent to the Queen 
Dowager ? Alfo at what time fhe came ? 

15. Whether in any former labour the Queen was 
delivered fo myfterioufly, fo fuddenly, and fo few being 
called for ? 

16. If many obferved the child's limbs being flender 
at firft, and their appearing all of a fudden to be round 
and full ? 

17.1$ the Queen fond of it ? 

18. How Mrs. Dawfon, Mrs. Bromley flands with 
the Queen ? Which of her bed-chamber women are 
mod: in favour ? 

Ad. 12. Who took the child, when it was born ? 

Ad. 13, If the King did not ufe to be nearer the 
bed, and hold the Queen in former labours ? 

Ad. 16. If every body is permitted to fee the child 
at all hours, drefled and undrefTed ? 

Ad. 1 6. Who Is about it, rockers and dry nurfe ? 

Ad. 3. What doctors were confulted about the 
Queen, before, and fmce her being at the Bath. Whe- 
ther Dodor Waldgrave alone, or others with him, 
knew the particulars of her condition, all along." 

The Princefs Anne of Denmark's anfiver. 

The Cockpit, July 24, 1688. 
^^ T Received yeflerday, yours of the 19th, by which 
X I find you are not fatisfied with the account I 
have given you in my laft letter ; but I hope you will 
forgive my being no more particular, when you conil- 
der, that not being upon the place, all I could know, 
mull; be from others ; and having then been but a few 
days in town, I had not time to enquire fo narrowly 
into things, as I have fmce ; but before I fay any more, 
I can't help telling you, I am very forry you ftould 
think I would be negligent in letting you knowthir gs of 
P 4 any 



any confequence. For though I am generally laiy ; and 
it is true indeed, when I write by the poU, for themoft 
part, I make thofe letters very fiiort, not daring to tell 
you any news by it ; and being very ill at invention, yet 
I hope you will forgive my being lazy, when I write 
fuch letters, fince I have never miffed any opportunity 
of giving you all the intelligence I arn able; and pray be 
BOt fo unjuft to believe I can think the doing any thing 
you can defire, any trouble ; for certainly I would do a 
great deal more for you, if it lay in my power, than the 
anfwering your queftions, which I fhali do now as ex- 
actly as you defire. 

J. I never heard any body fay they felt the child ftir | 
but 1 am told Lady Sunderland, and Madam Mazarin 
fay they felt it at the beginning. Mrs, Dawfon tells me 
ihe has feen itftir, but never felt it. 

2. I never faw any milk; but Mrs. Dawfon fays fhe 
lias feen it upon her fmock, and that it began to run at 
the fame time it ufed to do of her other children. 

5. For what they call reflringing draughts, I faw her 
drink two of them ; and I don't . doubt but fhe drank 
them frequently and publicly before her going to the 
Bath. Dr. Waldgrave was very earned with Sir 
Charles Scarburgh, to be for her going thither ; but he 
was fo fierce againft it, that there was another confulta- 
tion of doctors called. Sir Charles Scarburgh, Dr. 
Waldgrave, Wetherby, Brady, and Brown. After that, 
there was only Sir Charles Scarburgh and Dr. Waldgrae, 
and for the firill believe he knew but little) excepting once, 
when fhe was to be let blood, and when fhe was to have 
gone to Windfor. Then fome of the others were called 
in to give their opinions. 

4. All I can fay in this article is, that once in difcourfe, 
Mrs. Bromley told MiiS. Roberts, one day Rogers's 
daughter came into the room, Avhen fsArs. Manfell was 
putting off her clouts, and fhe was very angry at it, be- 
<;aure flie did not care to be feen when (he was fhifting. 
fy She fell in labour about eight o'clock. 

6. She 


6. She fent for the King at that time, who had been 
up a quarter of an hour, having lain with her that night, 
and was then dreffiiig. 

7. As foon as the King came, he fent for the Queen 
Dowager, and all the council. After that, it was known 
all over St. James's. 

8. Molt of the other tiien, I fuppofe, that were there* 
was at the King's rifing. 

9. They came into the room prefently after the Queen 
dowager came, which is about half an hour before fhe 
was brought to bed. 

10. There was no fcreen. She was brought to bed 
in the bed flie lay in all night, and in the great bed- 
chamber, as fhe was of her laft child. 

11. The feet curtains of the bed were drawn, and the 
two fides wefe open. When fhe was in great pain, the 
King called in hafte for my Lord Chancellor, who came 
up to the bed-fide to fhew he was there ; upon which the 
red of the privy counfellors did the fame thing. Then 
the Queen defired the King to hide her face with his 
head and periwig, which he did, for fhe faid flie could 
rot be brought to bed and have fo many men look on 
her ; for all the council fliood clofe at the bed's feet, and 
Lord Chancellor upon the ftep. 

12. As foon as the child was born, the midwife cut 
tlie navel- (Iring, becaufe the after-burthen did not follow- 
quickly ; and then fhe gave it to Mrs. Labadie, who, as 
Ihe was going by the bed-fide, crofs the ftep, to carry it 
into the little bed-chamber, the King flopt her, and faid 
to the privy-counfellors, that they were witneffes there 
was a child born, and bid them follow it into the next 
room and fee what it was, which they all did ; for till 
after they came out again, it was not declared what it 
was ; but the midwife had only given a fign that it was a 
fon, which is what had been done before. 

13. When the Queen Dowager firft came into the 
room fhe went up to the bed-fide, but after that flood all 
the while by the clock. There was in the room Lord 



234 A P P E N D I X. 

Chancellor, Lord Prefident, Lord Privy Seal, the two 
Chamberlains, Lord Middleton, Lord Cran , Lord 

Huntingdon, Lord Powis, Lord Dover, Lord Peterbo- 
rough, Lord Melfort, Lord Dartmouth, Sir John Ern- 
. , ley. Lord Preilon, Sir Nicholas Butler, Duke of Beau- 
fort, Lord Berkeley, Lord Murray, Lord Caftlemain ; 
thefe were of the council : And for others, there was 
Lord Feverfnam, Lord Arran, Sir St. Fox, and Mr. 
Griffin, befides pages of thefcack-ftairs and Priefts. The 
women that were there, were Lady Peterborough, Lady 
Bellafis, Lady Arran, Lady Tyrconnel, Lady Rofcom- 
' mon,Lady S. Buckley, Lady Fingal, Madam Mazarin, 
Madam Bouillon, Lady Powis, Lady Strickland, 
Lady C ,, Mrs. Cran, two of the Queen 

Dowager's Portuguefes, Mrs. Bromley, Mrs. Dawfon, 
Mrs. Waldgrave, Lady Wentworth, and Mrs. Feraine. 
All thefe flood as near as they could. Lady Bellafis 
gave the midwife the receiver, and Mrs. Dawfon flood 
behind a Dutch chair that the midwife fat upon to do 
her^ work All the time the child was parted, I do not 
hear of any body that held the Queen except the King, 
and he was upon the bed by her all the while. 

14. I don't hear that any Ladies were fent for but 
the Queen's own, and they were called prefently after 
the X^ecn Dowager. She came a quarter after nine : 
Where fne flood, and at \\'hat time fhe was fent for, I 
have already told you, 

I 5. Her labour never ufed to be fo long. 

16. I never heard what you fay of the child's limbs. 
As for feeing it drefl or undrefl, they avoid it as much 
as they can. By all I have {een and heard, fometimes 
they refufe almoll every body to fee it; that i$, when 
they fay it is riot well ; and methinks there is always a 
myfcery in it, for one does not know whether it be really 
fick, and they fear one fliould know it, or whether it is 
well, and they would have one think it is fick, as the 
other children ufed to be. In fhort, it is not very clear 
any thing they do ; and for the fervants, from the higheft 
to the loweft, they are all papifls. 

17. The 


I 7. The Queen forbid Lady Powis to bring the child 
to her before any company ; but that, they fay, (he ufed 
to do to her other children. I dined there the other 
day, when it was faid it had been very ill of a loofenefs, 
and it really looked fo; yet when fhe came from prayers 
fhe went to dinner without feeing it, and after that played 
at comet, and did not go to it till Ihe was put out of the 

18. I believe none of the bed-chamber women have 
any credit with the Queen but Mrs. Tureine ; but they 
fay Mrs. Bromley has an intereft with the King. 

I am going to Tunbridge ; but if I was to ftay here I 
could not watch the child, for it is to be at Richmond. 
Lady Churchill does not go with me at firft, and as long 
as {he ftays here I am fure fhe will do all in her power 
to give you and I an account if any thing happens that is 
worth knowing. 

I have done my endeavour to inform myfelf of every / 
thing ; for I have fpoke with Mrs.Dawfon, and aflced her 
all the queftions I could think of: for not being in the 
room when the Queen was brought to bed, one muft en- 
quire of fomebody that was there ; and I thought fhe 
could tell me as much as any body, and would be lefs 
likely to fpeak of it ; and I took all the care I could, 
when I fpoke to her, to do it in fuch a manner that 
I might know every thing ; and in cafe fhe fhould be- 
tray me, that the King and Queen might not be angry 
with me. 

It was fhe that told me what I have faid in the 5,6, 
7, 9, 12, 13, 14, and 1 5th Articles. She told me, 
befides, that when fhe came to the Queen, fhe found 
Mrs. Tureine and the midwife with her. AH that fhe 
fays feems very clear ; but one does not know what to 
think; for methinks it is wonderful if it is no cheat, that 
they never took pains to convince me of it. 

I hope I have anfwered your letter as fully as you de- 
fire ; if there be any thing elfe you would know, pray 
tell me by the firfl fafe hand, and you ihall always find 



me very diligent in obeying you, and fhewing by my ac- 
tions how real and fincere my kindnefs is. 

One thing I had forgot, which is, that the laft time 
fhe was brought to bed, the reafon of her being delivered 
in: the great bed was becaufe fhe was catched ; and this 
time, Mrs. Dawfon fays, though the pallet was up, the 
Queen would not go into it becaufe the quilts were not 

Windfor, Aug. i8, 1688. 
AM in as great expeOiation of being tormented as 
ever, for I can never believe that Manfel would 
go ofl fo violently, if ,he had not fome hopes that in time 
he may gain either you or me." 

The Princefs Aniie, in the above letter, of 1 3 March, 
1688, mentions a vifit fhe intended to have paid her fif- 
ter iji the fpring of that year. Banilon writes to Louis 
the XlVth, on the 13th of March, 1688, that Prince 
George hsd applied to King Jaiiies for leave to go to 
Denmark-, .ind that the Princefs flioMld in the mean time 
pay a vifit to her fifter in Holland, ar.d that the King 
had at firft confented, but afterwards changed his mind. 
Barillon writes, on the i 7th March, 1688, that the 
Princefs Anne had herfelf applied to the King, but had 
herfclf got a refufa!. There can, I Imagine, remain lit- 
tle doubt what the intention of this interview v, as. 

The Ingenious and learned Mr. Duan was fo oblig- 
ing as to communicate to me the following letter, in 
his poffefrion, from Dr. Chamberlayne to the Ele(5brefs 
Sophia, concerning the birth of the Pretender, 



Dr. Hugh Chamberlayne to the EleSfrefs Sophia. J^c- 

count of the Pretender' s birth. 

May it plcafe your Royal HIghnefs, 
** T Should not have prefumed to interrupt your bet- 

A ter fpent hours with my rude and unpoliflied 
lines, had I not been£ncouraged by your gracious com- 
mands, Cent by the Rev. Heer Meufchen, minifter of 
the gofpel to the Lutheran church in the Hague. He 
was pleafed to give me a fhort account of a difcourfe pad 
in your Royal Highnefs's prefence, wherein my name 
was mentioned upon two different fubjects, of which I 
think it my duty to give your Royal Highnefs the beft 
fatisfafiiion I can.-'— The firft related to my attendance 
at the birth of the Pretender to the crown of Great 
Britain, now firmly fettled by law on your Royal High- 
nefs. In this I perceive the Heer Meufchen -was mifled, 
confounding my difcourfe with him, on this matter, to- 
gether with the converfation he might have with others, 
occafioned by pamphlets, then here current, pretending 
an account how far I had been therein engaged, to which 
feveral falfehoods were added ; one of thofe papers 
was writ by Mr. Burnet, fon to the bifhop of Salifbury. 
■—--The matter of fa6l follows : 

On Sunday morning, the day of the month and year 
occurs not at prefent to my memory, the Queen fent 
early a footman to fetch me to St. James's ; but late the 
night before being gone to Chatham to vifit a patient, 
he miffed me ; a poft was immediately difpatched, and 
I haflened and found a child newly born loofe, and un- 
dreft in Lady Powis her lap, and, as I was informed, 
brought forth an hour before I came. I was not lonp- 
in the chamber when came the late Duke Hamilton, then 
Lord Arran ; more, as to this particular, I cannot of- 
fer on my own Knowledge, but (hall fubjoin a few pro- 
bable circuraftances ; for inftance, the Dutchefs of 
Monmouth having fome time before fent for me, 



and being in the mean time gone to the Queen's levee, left 
order I fhould wait her Grace's return ; when arrived, 
fhe was pleafed to make this excufe for my waiting ; 
that (he had been with her Majefty, faw her fhifted 
and her belly very big, which I fuppofe nothing can (o 
foon reduce as the bearing a child ; other tumors re- 
quiring for a compleat abatement, weeks, months, or 
years This relation being wholly occafioned by a 
chance, and mentioned by one at that time difobliged 
by the court, I take to be genuine, without artifice or 
difguife, fo that I never fince queftioned it. Another 
circumftance in this cafe is, that my being a noted whig, 
and fignally opprefTed by King James, they would ne- 
ver have hazarded , fuch a fecret as a fuppofititious 
child, which, had I been at home to have immediately 
. followed the fummons, I muft have come time enough 
to have difcovered, though the Queen had ufually very 
quick labours. Next morning meeting the King com- 
ing through the Park to St. James's, he was pleafed to 
tell me that when he fent I v/as abfent : To which I hum- 
bly replied, more warning had been neceflary : But 
he told me they were furprifed, for the Queen cxpeft- 
ed to go a fortnight longer : Whereupon I anfwered, 
that if his Majefty had given me three four months 
warning as formerly, I would not have left the town 
without their Majefties knowledge and leave. The 
King told me further, that Dr. Brady, one of his phy- 
ficians, and phyfick profeflbr in Cambridge, had in- 
formed him no woman exceeded eight and thirty weekj 
with child : To which, with a modeft fmile, I replied. 
It might be true, though I could not guefs how he, I, 
or another, could know it to be fo without having been 
guardians to a feraglio. I confefs I was a little piqued 
that befides former flights, neither the King nor Queen 
themfelves had fpoke to me to attend : indeed. Lady 
Sophia Buckley told me, in her Majefty's prefence, 
fome weeks before, that fhortly there would be occafi- 
on for me ; but I did not take that for fuiBcient orders. 
At another time Lady Jefferies alking whether I had 



commands to attend her Majefty ? I brilkly anfwercd, I 
thought I fhould, unlefs their brains were in diforder. 
A third material circumflance may be admitted ; that 
during my attendance on the child, by his Majefty's 
directions, I had frequent difcourfe with the necelTary 
woman, who being in mighty dread of Popery, and 
confiding in my reputed vvhiggifm, would often com- 
plain of the bufy pragmaticalnefs of the Jefuits, who 
had placed and difplaced whom they pleafed, and for 
her part Ihe expe(9:ed a fpeedy remove, for the Jefuits 
would endure none but their own party : fuch was our 
common entertainment ; but about a fortnight after the 
child was born, a rumour being fpread through the cityj 
that the child was fuppofititious, fhe cried, Alas ! will 
they not let the poor infant alone ? I am certain no 
fuch thing as the bringing a ftrange child in a warming 
pan could be praftifed without my feeing it, attending 
conftantly in and about all the avenues of the cham- 

Other remoter accidents might be alledged, which 
being of fmaller moment, are forborne ; but neither the 
laws nor prafitice of England allow other hereditary right 
to the crown, or private eftates, than what upon good 
grounds the nation hath power to alter, and often do." 

To defend the Revolution upon a pretended fuppofiti- 
tious birth, is to affront it ; it ftands upon a much 
nobler foundation, the rights of human nature. The 
fuppofititious birth was a mere lie of party, and was in- 
tended to have been made ufe of fix years before, if 
King James's Queen had then been brought to bed 
of a fon. 

In The Obfervator, No. 194, printed Wednefday, 
Auguft 23d, 1682, is the following remarkable paf- 

** If it had pleafed God to give his Royal Highnefs 
tlie bleffing of a fon, as it proved a daughter, you were 



prepared to make a Perkin of him. To what end 6.14. 
you take fo much pains elfe, by your inftrpments and 
intelligences, to hammer it into the people's heads that 
the Dutchefs of York was not with child ? And fo, 
in cafe of a fon, to reprefent him as an imppftor ; where- 
as you now have taken off the ma{k in confefling the 

daughter. 1 would have the impreffion of this cheat 

fink fo far into the heads and hearts of all honefl men, 
as never to be defaced, or forgotten. For we muft ex- 
peO:, that the fame flam ftiall, at any tinje hereafter, be 
trumpt up again upon the like occafion," 

Compare alfo Lord Clarendon's Diary as follows. 

Diary of the Earl of Clarendon, 1688, p. jio. 

*' Jan. 15th. In the morning, I went to St, James's 
church ; this is the thankfgiving day appointed for the 
Queen's being with child ; there were not above two or 
thr§e in the church who brought the form of prayer 
with them. It is ftrange to fee how the Queen's great 
belly is every where ridiculed, as if fcarce any body 
believed it to be true. Good God help us 1" 

Lord Hardwicke was fo obliging as to give me the 
ufe of manufcript memoirs in his pofleflion, of Byng 
Lord Torrington, which throw confiderable light upon 
a part of the flory of the Revolution, hitherto very 
little underllood. 

In this manufcript there are the following paflages. 


A P P E N t) I X„ 

ExiraSls from the AfS. memoirs of Byng Lord Tornngtou. 

The intrigues of the fleet with the Prince of 


Extract firji. 

" Lord Dartmouth remained three weeks with the 
fleet at the Nore, and then judging it moft proper to 
lye off the Gunfleet, he therefore failed with it there.. 
Here my Lord called a council of war, when it was 
propofed, and much infifted on by fome, that the fleet 
fhould go over to the coafl; of Holland, and there wait 
the motions of the Dutch. But this propofition had 
no efl^e6t ; for the greater number of Captains were 
fteady in their principles^ for the King, yet the chiefeft 
and moft confiderable of them were otherwife inclined, 
and were in frequent meetings and cabals at this 
time. By their management they brought over a ma- 
jority of the council to think it was hazarding the fleet, 
to lye on that dangerous coaft at this time of the year> 
and therefore much better to remain where they were, 
fending fome frigates over to obferve the Dutch fleet. 
So that to this opinion the council adhered, and the 
fleet only removed without the Ship Walh, Lord 
Dartmouth fending three frigates to obferve them. This 
was a point artfully gained by thofe that were Induftri- 
ous to poflefs the fleet in favour of the Prince of Orange, 
and in ridiculing all the meafures taken to prevent 
his defigns. The Captains they were mofl; defirous of 
bringing over to their party were, Afliby and Woolfred 
Cornwall, both of them zealous fer the King, and had 
great credit in the fleet : it was therefore agreed, that 
Mr. Byng fliould break it to them, for Afhby being 
his Captain, he had a particular regard for him, and' 
Cornwall was his moft intimate friend. Mr. Byng him- 
felf had been early entruftcd with what was then doing; 

Vol. III. CL for 



for at a meeting in London, where the Duke of Or- 
mond. General Kirk, Captain Aylmer, and others, 
wefe confulting of the defigns then on foot, and upon 
mentioning who of the fleet could be trufted. Kirk had 
recommended Mr. Byng as a perfon he would anfwer 
for, and Captain Alymer was to acquaint him with it, 
which he did, as they went down to the fleet, in the 
beginning of Oflober, trufl;ing himfelf with him upon , 
General Kirk's affurances of his faithfulnefs to them. 
Mr. Byng replied, that Mr. Kirk fliould lofe no honour 
by what he had faid, aflTured him he would not betray 
him, defired him to confider about joining with them, 
and finding by further difcourfe, that General Kirk, 
Mr. Ruflel, and other particular perfons, were going 
over to the Prince of Orange, he then became willing 
to agree with them in their undertakings, and from 
that time was entrufled by them. Afliby was not foon 
prevailed on, thinking that in their profcflion they were 
not taught to turn againfl: the King. But after fome 
difcourfe with Mr. Byng alone, and upon his telling 
him that he knew the difpofitions of the mofl: confider- 
able perfons in the fleet, and fliewing.the neceflTity there 
was to free themfelves from popifti oppreflion, he then 
yielded fo far as to become a well wiflier to the caufe. 
Mr. Cornwall was more difficult to be perfuaded. In 
a difcourfe he expreflTed the obligations of himfelf and 
family to the King, and thought it a villainy in thofe 
who attempted any thing againfl him ; but when Mr. 
Byng named fome perfons that were engaged in it, that 
were his mofl; intimate and particular friends, he was 
furprlfed, and when convinced of it he gave up his 2,eal 
for the King, and from that time no man was more 
heartily in the cauie, ufing his endeavours to bring 
over feveral in his own fhip, and continued heartily 
attached to the Revolution principles to the day of his 

Nov. 3. While the fleet lay oflf the Ship Wafli by 
the Gunfleet, with the yards and topmafls down in a 



hai*d gale at E. S. S. the Dutch fleet pafled by them^ 
making the beft of their way to the weftward, and 
though it was foggy weather, yet fix of their (liips 
were within fight of the Englifh fleet early that morning, 
upon which they got up their yards and topmafls, and 
three fhips flipped immediately, and plyed to difcover 
them, and foon after made the fignal of feeing the enemy's 
fleet ; but Lord Dartmouth could not fl:ir with his, not 
only from the lee tide, but the wind blew hard and con- 
trary for him to purfue them, which kept him at anchor 
all that day and night, while it favoured the Dutch 
fleet, carrying them into Torbay. 

The next day the Lord Dartmouth failed with the 
Englifh fleet, {landing after that of the Dtitch. It was 
well known that my Lord was to follow them, fb there 
was a meeting of fuch Captains as were inclined to the 
Prince, to confult what meafures they fhould take upon 
coming up with the enemy. Some of them were of 
opinion, that if my Lord attacked them, that in honour 
they fhould do their duty againfl; them ; but the opinion 
to which they agreed, was upon fuch an occafion to leave 

ExtraSi fecond. 

*' The fleet remained nine days in the Downs, wheii 
Lord Dartmouth failed again to the weftward with thirty 
men of war and eighteen fire fhips ; but when he came 
off of Portland, they met with fuch bad weather as fepa- 
rated and forced them back into St. Helens and Spithead, 
which was, perhaps, from wantof fkill, for it is thought 
they might have ftretched over, and got to windward, 
as did the Defiance, within fight of Alderney. Captain 
Afliby finding himfelf on the French coafl;, he was in- 
clined to carry over his fhip to the Prince, He was 
ftanding on our coafl; to look for the Dutch fleet, when 
meeting with Sir Roger Striftland, he could not avoid 
going with him into Spithead. When the fleet was 
0.3 hercj 


here, and at the time the Prince of Orarige was on his 
march from Exeter, thofe of the fleet who were well in- 
dined to him, thought it time to fhew themfelves, and 
even fome that were timorous and filent hitherto, at a 
meeting they had, they determined to fend him a mef- 
fage, and to aflure his Highnefs of their afliftance and 
readinefs to obey his orders. This was to be done in 
fecrecy, and by word of mouth, and Mr. Byng was to 
undertake to execute this mefiage, and to that pur- 
pofe firft addfeffed himfelf to Mr. Ruffel, who came 
with the Prince from Holland. Accordingly Mr. Byng 
obtained leave of Lord Dartmouth to be abfent, on pre- 
tence of going into- Huntingdonfhire upon affairs that 
verv much concerned him." 

ExtraSf third. 

*i The Prince of Orange had pafTed Exeter, in his way 
to Saliftjury, and was at the Earl of Briftol's houfe, at 
Sherborne, v/hen Mr. Byng came to him. The firft 
perfon he met with that knew him, was my Lord 
Churchill, who was that day come with the Prince of 
Denmark, and from the ftairs head alked him, what he 
did there ? Mr. Byng defired he would afk no queftions, 
but carry him to a private room, where he might fee 
Mr. RufTel ; who coming to him, he acquainted him 
with his mefiage, and was then by him conducted to the 
Prince of Orange, all the company then retiring except 
Mr. RufTel, and he then delivered to his Highnefs the 
meffage from the officers of the fleet, naming thofe who 
had engaged themfelves to aflifl: him. The Prince ex- 
prefTed great fatisfaftion at fuch welcome aflurances, re- 
ceived Mr. Byng with courtefy, and promifed him, if 
he fucceeded, he would take care particularly to remem- 
ber him. He fent him back with an anfwer to the offi- 
cers of the fleet, and with a letter to Lord Dartmouth, 
to acquaint him of the neceflity of his coming over, and 
of his intentions to continue him at. the head of the 



fleet, with promifes that Admiral Herbert (between 
whom there was fome variance) fhould not be advanced 
over hirn. This letter the Prince advifed Mr. Byng to 
put into the (luffing of his faddle, left, in cafe he was 
feized, it fliould be found upon him ; but he thought it 
beft to quilt it in the rowlers of his breeches ; fo Mr. 
Byng, taking his leave, returned fafely to the fleet again. 
There was fome difficulty how to give this letter to 
Lord Dartmouth, whofe zeal to the King was well 
known ; and therefore Mr. Aylmer undertook it, and 
onemorning took an opportunity privately to lay it upon 
his toilette. This letter had fome effect on him, for 
from that time he feemed inclinable to the Prince's party, 
though his real thoughts could no ways agree with the 
meafures then taken ; yet he was terrified at the difpofi- 
tion of the nation, and of the fleet, that he thought it to 
no purpofe to oppofe them, and knew not what might 
be the confequences to himfelf, fmce the Prince of 
Orange advanced with fuch fuccefs, and all the people 
were daily rifing againft the King. He was the more 
cautious in his behaviour from a defign that was difco- 
j/ered tQ feize him on board the com- 

manded by Captain Haftings, who had invited him to 
dinner for that purpofe, in which cafe they intended to 
give the command of the fleet to the Duke of Grafton. 
But Captain Davy Floid, who had found himfelf ne- 
glcded by his old friends, and from the favour he was in 
with the King's party, having knowledge of it, difco- 
vered their defign to Lord Dartmouth, by which means 
he avoided their putting it in execution by excufmg him- 
felf from going. He continued in great doubt how to 
behave with regard to the Prince's party in the fleet, 
and to a£l according to his principles, and confiftent with 
his duty to the King, feeing himfelf in the power of 
.thofe of the other party, and not able to refufe his afllf- 
tanceln an attempt of the moft dangerous confequence; for 
the young P. of Wales had been brought down to Portf- 
mouth, to go in a yacht to France with Sir R. Stri6i:- 
land, which being known to feveral Captains of the fleet, 
. CL3 they 


they were refolvcd to feize him, and reprefenting to Lord 
Dartmouth the confequence it might be to himfelf to 
fufFer his efcape when the nation was in confufion, and 
the government unfettled, they obliged him to give or- 
ders to Captains Aylmer, Haftings and Shovel, to inter- 
cept the yachts as they Ihould come out of Portfmouth, 
in ca'e he fhould elciipe Captain Cornwall and Mr. 
Byng, who were appointed to go with armed boats to 
w?.it his coming off, to lay that yacht on board where 
the Prince of Wales fhould be ; and in cafe of refiftance, 
thefe three fhips were ready to take him in cafe he elcap- 
cd from them. Upon this defign Captain Cornwall 
and Mr. Byng were employed, taking it by turps each 
night to remain in the armed boat, while the other re- 
mained in the town, to get intelligence of the time of 
his going off, appointing a place to confer at upon oc- 
<iafion over the town wall. At the time Captain Corn- 
vt^all was in town, he cbferved a great hurry in Mr. 
Ridge's houfe, where the Prince was lodged, and who 
was then on the flairs going to embark, where he tound 
the Duke of Powis's (Governor of the town) coach and 
fix horfes at the door, and approaching them in the dark, 
felt their legs which he found dry, which made him 
conclude it was not a coach come in, but going out of 
i town. He was furprifed at this, and found an end of 

" their enterprife, the Prince of Wales going in the Duke's 

coach to London. They were nigh fuccecding, fince all 
the baggage and neceiTaries for the child were then on 
board, and he certainly upon the point of going off. 
This was a. great difappointment io tho'e who had pro- 
jetlied the defign; yet they afterwards thought their 
zeal had carried them beyond their policy, and that 
they were fortunate by their ill fuccefs in fuch an at- 
tempt; fince their being poffeffed of the Prince's pf rfon 
mufl: have perplexed the affairs then in hand. It was 
thought this difcovery was made by Lord Dartmouth, 
who could neither avoid giving the orders he did, nor 
fuffer them to be put in execution, and that by giving 
notice of it to the King, the Prince might efcape. 



The Prince of Orange making great progrefs in his 
march to London, and all the country joining with 
him, the King abandoned by thofe he moft confided 
in, and the Queen fent with the young Prince away to 
France, deferted by his army, and feeming himfelf to 
have no remedy but in his flight, circumftances that fo 
terrified my Lord Dartmouth, that he wrote a letter to 
the Prince of Orange, offering the fleet to his High- 
nefs's fervice, and fent it by Captains Aylmer, Haftings 
and Byng." 

The opportunity which the Duke of Grafton had 
of ferving the Prince of Orange's interefl: in the fleet, 
is confirmed by a letter from BariUon to his court, of 
the 6th Nov. 1688, in which he fays, that the Duke In the 2?«/»r. 
of Grafton had afked leave to go down to the fleet as 
volunteer under Lord Dartmouth, and was gone there. 

The Earl of Dartmouth was alfo fo obliging as to 
communicate to me the following letters, relative to 
his anceilor's condufit in the command of the fleet at 
the Revolution, and the part which he a(^ed with re- 
gard to the tranfporting cf the young Prince into 

Letters which pajjei between King James and Lord Dart- 
mouthy whilji Lord Dartmouth lay with the fleet at the 

jnouth of the Nore. 

Extrail of King James's Utter to Lord Dartmouth ^ 
dated TFhitehall, Oif.^, \6m. 

** You will have an account from Mr. Pepys of 
what is done about the victuals, and what Sir R. Had- 
dock and the reft of them faid to me" this evening ; 
which if fo, you may be foon ready to fail with moft 
of your fhips, and though all that are in the Hope 
ihould not be quite ready, confidcr well whether you 
Ihould lofe the opportunity of this wefterly wind to 
Q-4 get 


get out from'^among the fands, or venture to have the 
Dutch come and find you pofled fomewhere near the 
buoy of the Ozeedge among the fands, for you muft 
expe£l they will come out, and be looking for you with 
the firil eafterly wind, &c." 

Exiradi of Lord Dartmouth'' s letter to King yatnes^ dated 
Buoy of the Nor e. Goober ii, 1688. 

" I am infinitely fenfible of the great trufi your Ma- 
jedy is pleafed to put in my conduct of this fleet, which, 
to the beil of my underilanding, fhali be fairhfully per- 
formed for your fervice. Your Majefly cannot be 
more defirous to have me from among the fands, than 
I am impatiently endeavouring to get out. I judge it 
much more for your fervice to unite while we have 
time, than to drop out in parcels with the hazard of 
being feparated, efpecially knowing myfelf here in the 
befl place to do my bufinefs while thefe winds continue ; 
' and be affured, Sir, I fhall be at fea upon the firil al- 
teration. And, Sir, though it is your Majefly's great 
goodnefs to truft fo great a concern to me, yet I hum- 
bly beg leave to lay my thoughts before you, that your 
Majefl-y may pleafe to judge better, and to give me 
your commands, if you pleafe to approve or difap- 
prove of my prefent intentions, which cannot be final 
till lam at fea, and, with the humbleil fubmiflion may 
jvltcr with the opportunities I may meet, being hard to 
take any refult but as the place and occafion may offer. 
None of the Portfmouth fliips are yet con:e to me, 
therefore, at mv firfl: going out, I will look towards 
the Downs, and fee what fliips I can get from thence, 
and leave dire«5tions with thofe (hips that are to follow, 
to come thither firfl, where farther orders fhall lye rea- 
dy for them : with vvhat I have with me I intend to 
keep the fea as much. as pofTible I can, thinking that 
much fafer for this fquadron, than to venture being any 
where embayed, or trufllng myfelf to be fet upon in 
any road, and if it fhall be necefTary forme to ride at 
any time in iheJDownf, I will always put to fea upon 
. . ■- any 


any eafterly vvinds. As fpon as I get a reafonable fqua- 
dron together, I believe it for your Majefty's honour 
and fervice, if the weather be any thing reafonable to 
ihew myfelf upon their coaft, as near as 1 conveniently 
can in the day time, ftill {landing off to get good fea 
room every night, while I fee it reafonable to flay 

Extras from King 'James's letter to Lord Dartmouth 
dated Whitehall, OSloher I i^^ 1 68 8. 

*' I make no doubt but that God will protect me, 
and profper my arms both by land and fea. I need fay 
no more to you, being fure you will do what is bed 
for my fervice, which you that are on the place are 
the only judge of, and mud govern yourfelf according 
to the enemies motions, and as wind and weather will 

Extract from Lord Dart/i.outh' s letter to King James, 
dated Oa% Edge, OSfoher i'], i688. 

" We are all now of opinion that upon the firfl 
flatch of wind and fair weather, we fhall fall down to 
the Gunfleet, where though it be hard roading, yet the 
ground is good, and we {hall be well formed: there we 
fhall be ready to cover Harwich as well as the river 
Thames ; be able to go to fea, if occafion be ; or we 
can but come up again at v/or/l ; we {hall be ready to 
look towards the channel, have very good anchoring 
between the Kentifh knock and the North fands-head, 
and the Downs always to friend upon bad weather. 
This, Sir, with the hnmbie{l fubmiillon to your Ma- 
je{ly's better judgment, is the prefent meafures I think 

of, till any thing better offers for your fervice. 

Upon the caution your Maje{ly hath given me, I will 
not venture over on the coaft of Holland, without I 
fee fettled fair weather, which is not impofTible after fo 
much bad." 




Extras from Lord Dartmouth's letter to King James, 
daie4 Gunjieet, OSloher 24, 1688. 

^ " I thank God I am at laft got hither, with your 

Majefty's fleet fafe, and in as good condition for the 
time as could beexpe£led, whatever may be fuggefted 
to the contrary ; and our coming out not fooner hath 
been hitherto for the beft, as I hope all things will do 
for your advantage. Sir, we are now at fea before the 
Dutch after all their boafting, and I mufl: confefs I can- 
not fee much fenfe in their attempt, with the hazard 
of fuch a fleet and army, at the latter end of Octo- 
ber, and if they can make ufe of this moon, it is as 
good for us as them/' 

ExtraSl from Lord Dartmouth'' s letter to King jfames^ 
dated Gunfeet, O^ober 2g, 1688". 

*' — I thank God your Majefty's fleet is in very 
good condition, arrd (confidering the whole matter 
your Majefty hath been fo gracioufly pleafed, to leave 
to 'me) I will endeavour to ktep it fo, &c." 

ExtraSi from Lord Dartmouth's letter to King JatneSj 
dated Gun-fleet O£fober 2,0, 1688. 
*' Since mine to your Majefty yefterday, the wind 
came up laft night, between 9 arid lo o'clock to the 
N. and continued moft of the night between the N. and 
N. N. E. About 4 o'clock I gave the fignal for un- 
mooring, and we are juft now under fail with the tide 
of ebb, and the wind at S. S. K. and hope to get clear 
of the Galloper before night. On Friday laft the 
Prince of Orange and Herbert were both feen at Helvo- 
etfluys, fo that they coLild not be ftirring, as the winds 
have been, till laft night and this morning ; no doubt, 
they will get all to fea this day, and I hope by to-mor- 
row, to give your Majefty a better account of them. 
I have my fcouts out, and I b?:!ieve it impoflible for us 
to mil's fuch a fleet. God profper your Majefty, and 
fend you vi6:ory over your enemies ; I am fure ] will 
endeavour heartily my part towarJs ii." 



Copy of Lord Dartmouth'' s letter to King "James, dated 
Nov. 5, 1688. 

'^* O I N C E mine to your Majefly on Tuefday lafl, 
O by Mr. Bridges, I came that night to an anchor 
at fix o'clock, the Nar bearing W. and Balzy Church 
N. W. and by N. with a very freili gaie oF wind, at 
due E. Befidesthe 3 cruizers I had out before, I fent 
out the Suadado's to ply to the northward, upon the re- 
ceipt of the abftra^l from Marquis d'Albeville's let- 
ters. The Katherine yacht I ordered to ply ofF to 
the Eallward, and the Kitchen to the Southward ; the 
King-fifher Ketch was likewife fent to Oftend, with 
letters from captain Rooth. But all this, as the wind 
flood, and as it blew fo hard, availed me nothing ; 
for on Thurfday our Frigates that wer^ fent a cruizing 
were drove back, and came to an anchor in our offing 
at a league and a half to the windward of us ^ one of 
them came in without a foretopmafl, and another 
wanted his maintopmaft. It blowed fo very hard that 
we were forced to flrike ail our yards and topmafts, and 
rid with two cables and a half out, the wind fretting 
and never varying above one point either way. Jufl at 
break of day on Saturday morning, we faw 13 fail 
about three leagues to windward of us ; the 3 frigates 
that lay without us cut, but could fetch but one fly- 
boat that had loft her rudder ; fhe was taken by the 
Forefight, and fent into the Downs with the Swallow, 
who it feems fprung a leak, fo that I fear I fhall have 
little good from her. Major Colondfby of colonel 
Babington's regiment with 290 men were in the fly- 
boat, and as I am told, the common men rejoiced 
when they were taken, but I do not find the officers fo, 
though the Major pretends a great deal. I got all ready 
to fail with the fleet on Saturday, but the fea came in 
fo heavy, and the tide fell fo crofs, that we could not 
till yefterday morning. We got under fail at 8 o'glock, 


25:i A P P E N D I X. 

with the wind E.S.E. a topfail gale. About lo captain 
Clements came in to us, with the Katherine yacht, 
which was the firft news we received of the Prince of 
Orange, for the Forefight returned not to us till 2 this 
afternoon, to give an account of the fly-boat. We 
made all the fail pofTible we could lo the Northward, 
the weather came very fair, and the wind continued at 
E. S. E. a fteady gale. By 8 at night we got about <the 
Southfands-head ; about 12 we got the length of the 
Nefs, and I hauled in with the ihore, left they ftiould be 
in Rye Bay ; but it pirred fo little wind from 1 2 o'clock, 
that when the flood came in we. could fcarcely ftem it, 
and got no further than Beachy by 9 this morning; but, 
this ebb I hope we , fliall make better of it. Thus I 
have given your Majefty a true account of all my pro- 
ceedings, which are fo far from the vain hopes I had, 
that I take myfelf for the moft unfortunate man living, 
though I know your Majefty is too juft to expe6l more 
than wind and weather will permit. 

Sir, finding that the Dutch failed by Dover en Satur- 
day in the afternoon, and that they had a frefh gale all 
that night, and a fair wind all yefterday, and fuch wea- 
ther for their purpofe and fo little for mine to day, 1 am 
in great apprehenfions they will be landed before we tetch 
them; and if their fleet lie at St. Helens, whilft the reft 
land in Stokes Bay and Hampton water, their fleet being 
fo m.uch fuperior, as I find they are, both in number and 
quality, I am at a ftand what to do; for on calling the 
flag officers and commanders, they unanimoufly advife 
me againft attacking the Dutch fleet, if all pofllbility of 
jiindering their landing be over ; though every body I af- 
iure you. Sir, 1 think are fo exafperated at the Prince 
of Orange's proceedings, that I am once more confident 
they will venture their lives very heartily in your Ma- 
jefty's fervice. I confider the fuccefs of their landing, 
and beating your only fleet, together with thedeftru61ionp 
as I may fay, of the flower of the Englifh fleet, or fo 
fnany of them at leaft as are ; here prefent, Sir, I confefs 
the thoughts of this, with the confequence it may have in 



London, and all over England, checks my inclination of 
fetting upon them without your Majefty's further or- 
ders ; butlrefolve to endeavour to fall in with the Ifle 
of Wight at break of day to-morrow morning, and fee 
what advantage it will pleafe God to offer me, taking 
the caution not to fhoot too far to the weftward in the 
night, nor to engage your fleet unreafonably, or at leaft 
that I fee fome hopes of doing it. 

Juft as I was finifhing this, Sir Roger Strickland, Sir 
Jo. Berry, and Captain Davis came all together to me, 
and earneftly preffed that I would not proceed to make 
the Dutch with the whole fleet, in confideration that 
the fquadron is at prefent fo Aveak ; fhewing v/hat are 
now wanting of what I fliould have vi^ith me, which are 
the Swallow andTyger in the Downs; the Dover, Bo- 
nadventure, and Suadado's not yet come to us fromcruif- 
ing with the Forefight ; fince we came into the channel, 
the Speedwell and Sally Rofe firefhips mifling, as is all 
the fmall craft, except one ketch and the two yachts, 
befides the Yorke, A^'oolwich, St. Albans, and New- 
caftle ; fo that at prefent we want twelve. They further 
urged, they are doubtful that upon our appearance their 
whole fleet would come out to us, and either force us to 
a difadvantageous battle, or a difgraceful going from 
them ; fo that I have now refolved with them to ply 
off and on, and joggon eafily till the fcouts I have nowy 
upon their advice, fent to the weftward, bring me an 
account of the enemy, and that the fhips a-ftern (or ra- 
ther left behind for the preent) come up to me; and 
that I know your Majefty's pleafure what you would 
have me do ; which I humbly defire may be as foon 
as is convenient, for the cafe is much different now, and 
from what it would have been if we had been fo happy 
to have met them before they were difcharged of their 
great convoy. The places I am likely to come to an 
anchor at, are the Nefs or the Downs, where I believe 
fome of our fhips may be that are m.ifling. I underftand 
the Prince of Orange changed his meafures upon his 
laft coming aboard, v/hen he heard your Majefty's fleet 




was at the Gunfieet ; for before that he intended for 
the river. Pray God Almighty direct and protect your 
Majeily ; and notwithflanding all this, I hope, by his 
blelling, yet to be able to render your Majefty goodfer- 
vice from this fquadron, as time and opportunity offers ; 
for I am faithfully and heartily devoted to your Majefly 
to my life's end." 

Extra^ from King Jamcs^ s letter to Lord Dartmouth^ 
dated Whitehally November ^y \6%%. 

" I had lad night your's by Captain Rooth, but had 
not then leifure to anfwer it, and am fully fatisfied you 
did all that you could, and that nobody could work 
otherwife than you did. I am fure all knowing feamen 
mud be of the fame mind, and therefore be at eafe as to 
yourfelf, and confider of the befl means of fecuring the 
fquadron you have with you, and of being in a condition 
of taking fuch advantages upon the enemy which may 
offer themfelves to you," drc. 

I found among Lord Preflon's difpatches, in the pof- 
feffion of Mr. Graham, the following letter from Lord 
Preflon to Lord Dartmouth, which fliews both the fen- 
timents which the King entertained of Lord Dartmouth's 
not having betrayed the command with which he was 
trufled, and the averfion of thefe Lords to the Popifli 
counfels of their mafler. 

Lord Pre/ion to Lord Dartmouth. — Complains of Popijh 
counfels. — The King pleafed with Lord Dartmouth'' s 


My Lord, London, Nov, nth, 1688. 

« Y H A V E received your Lordfhip's very kind let- 
X ter of the fifteenth inflant, and was very glad to 
find bv it that you were in good health, which I hope 



God will continue to you. I wifh you all the fuccefs 
that may be in whatfoever you undertake, and I muft af- 
fure you that notwithftanding the malice of a party at 
court, which hath already almoft wrought our deftruc- 
tion, your lordfhip is extremely fafe and happy in the 
King's juftice to you ; who knoweth, and hath declared 
publickly and privately, that it was impoffible for you 
to take other meafures than you did when the Dutch 
pafl'ed by you. He is this afternoon gone for Windfor, 
and hath taken the Prince with liim in order to have him. 
at Portfmouth. 

The Queen ftayeth here for fome time. 

God give him good fuccefs, and grant him a fafe re- 
turn.— God of heaven fend us a good meeting, and pre- 
ferve you. You may be affured that I fhall be watch- 
ful over whatever concerns you. I fhall ever remain. 
My dear Lord, 
Your Lordlhip's mofl afFeftlonate friend, 
and mofl: humble fervant, 


Letters between King James and the Earl of Dartmouth^ 
concerning the tranfporting the young Prince inta 

Andover, Nov. 25, 1688. 
*' T S E N D this to you by the Lord Dover, whom 
•*■ I fend to Portfmouth to command in chief there. 
I am going back to London my felf, intending to be there 
to-morrow ; and have ordered all my army to quarter 
along th; river, beginning at Mario. He will tell you 
how Lord Churchill and Duke of Grafton are gone 
over to the enemy with fome others. I have charged 
Lord Dover alfo to fpeak with you of my intentions 
concerning my fen, and you mufl follow Lord Dover'.-i 
dire£lions as to what concerns our faid fon, by being af- 
filling to him in what diredions I have given him hy 
V'ord of mouth. I have not time to fay more. 

J A M E S, R." 


Whitehall, Nov. 29^ 1688. 
*' /THHiS is the fecond letter I write to you upon the 
JL fubjecl of my Ton, though the other was from 
Andover, as I remember; it will not have been deliver- 
ed to you iboner than this; that was not given to you 
iboner, hoping dill things would not have been fo very 
bad as they are. 'Tis my Ton they aim at, and 'tis my 
fon I muft endeavour to preferve, whatfoever becomes 
of me; therefore I conjure you to affifl; Lord Dover in 
getting him fent away in the yachts, as foon as wind 
and weather will permit, for the firft port they can get 
to in France, and that with as much fecrecy as may be ; 
and fo that trufty men may be put in the yachts, that 
he may be expofed to no other danger but tJiat of the 
fea ; and know I fhall look upon this as one of t;.,; 
greateft pieces of fervice you can do me» 


** Nov. 30. Since the writing of what is before, I 
have altered my mind as to the delaying of it a little, 
as you will fee more at large by mine to Lord Dover, 
to which I refer you, and do again conjure you to ufe 
your utmoft endeavours to have my fon fecured, as in 
the firft part of this letter, and to have all things ready 
when *tis proper for him to embark, as I have already 
faid in mine to Lord Dover. 

J. R." 

Whitehall, Dec. i, 1688. 

*< "T T PON the receiving of this you are immeJiate- 

\J ly to put in execution the orders I have already 

given you and Lord Dover, for the fending away of 

ray fon, the Prince of Wales. 




Whitehall, Dec. i, 1688. 9 at night. 
" 1\ ^ R. Pepys writes the news to you, fo that this 
XVX is only to tell' you I had this morning yours 
of the 28th and 30th ; and though, as you fay in it, I 
have reafon to miftruft mankind, yet I aflure you, 
though all the reft of thofe about me ftiould betray me, 
I could never fufpeft you, as you may have feen by 
fome letters of mine, which I hope will have been 
given you before this gets to you. Let me know by 
this meflenger, when he returns, when you received 
them : I fhall be very impatient till I know you have had , 
them, and put thofe orders in execution. 

J. R." 

Thefe four letters, together with another, dated 
Nov. 29, relating only to the difpofition of the fleet, 
are together in one parcel, on the outfide of which is 
the following endorfement, viz. 

** Thefe three letters received not till the' 2d of De- 
cember ; two by the hands of Lord Dover, the other 
as indorfed in Mr. Pepys's pacquet : The other two 
being dated the i ft December, were brought to me 
foon one after the other, on the 3d in the morningo 
All thefe five letters were anfwered on that 3d of De- 
cember, and delivered to my Lord Dover, and by 
him fent with a meflenger on purpofe. Refolved, be- 
tween us both, not to do any thing in carrying away 
the Prince of Wales till we have his Majefty*s further 
order, and an anfwer to my letter." 

Lord Dartmouth to King James. — His reafon for declining 
to carry the young Prince to France. 

Spithead, December 3, 1688. 
« '^7'Efterday in the afternoon Lord Dover came 

X aboard me, and brought me two letters from 
your Majefty, one dated at Andover the 25th of No- 

VoL. IlL R vember. 


vember, the other at Whitehall of the 29th, with a 
poftfcript of the 30th, on the fubjeft of fending away 
the Prince of Wales, wherein you were pleafed to {hew 
thoughts of delaying your intentions therein, and I muft 
confefs I was in hopes, if your Majefty took the leail 
time to confider, you would find fo many undeniable 
reafons to the contrary, as would foon oblige your Ma- 
jefty to alter your refolutions, and therefore I forbore 
fhewing my Lord Dover the furprife I was at firfl in ; but 
by two letters dated from Whitehall yefterday, (which 
I received this day foon after another) with the greatefl: 
dread and grief of heart imaginable, I underftand your 
Majefty perfifts in your former intentions and confulta- 
tion held with my Lord Dover, in fending away the 
Prince, and conjures me to be afllfling therein. I need 
not tell your Majefty how ftri6l the laws are in this 
matter, nor after fo many experiences of my duty, and 
loyalty to your perfon, lay before you frefh aflurances 
of giving ready obedience to any commands within my 
power ; but to be guilty of treafon to your Majefty and 
the known laws of the kingdom, of fo high a nature as 
this, when your Majefty fliall further deliberate on it, 
I moft humbly hope you will not exa6t it from me, nor 
longer entertain fo much as a thought of doing that, 
which will give your enemies an advantage, though 
never fo falfely grounded, to diftruft your fon's juft 
right, which you have afferted and manifefted to the 
world (in the matter of his being your real fon born of 
the Queen) by the teftimonies of fo many apparent 
witnefles. Pardon me therefore, Sir, if on my bended 
knees, I beg of you to apply yourfelf to other councils; 
for the doing this looks like nothing lefs than defpair, 
to the degree of not only giving your enemies encou- 
ragement, but diftruft of your friends and people, who I 
do not defpair buc will yet ftand by you, in the defence 
and right of your lawful fucceflbr. Your Majefty 
knowe I have always profefled myfelf of the Church 
of England, and I humbly appeal to you if I ever gave 
you promifes of being of any other ; and therefore as 



ikcli, and a faithful fervant, fubjeSt and councellor, I 
beg leave to advife you, and give you my humble opi- 
nion, that fending away the Prince of Wales, without 
the confent of the nation, is at no time advifable, and 
therefore the doing it at this time efpecially, and that 
to France, being what I dread will be of fatal confe- 
quence to your perfon, crown, and dignity, and all 
your people will (too probably) grow fo much concern- 
ed at this your great miftruft, as to throw off their 
bounden allegiance to you, which God forbid ; there- 
fore pray, Sir, confider farther on this weighty point : 
for can the Prince's being fent to France, have other 
profpefl than the entailing a perpetual war upon your 
nation and poflerity ; and giving France always a temp- 
tation, to moleft, invade, nay hazard the con^quefl: of 
England, which I hope in God never to fee, but that 
we may have this Prince of your own loins, to rule 
over us. The moft I can apprehend your JVTajefty may- 
be jealous of, is his being brought up in the religion of 
the Church of England, and that ought (for his Royal 
Highnefs's fake efpecially) to be the prayer of every 
honed loyal fubjefit. Pardon me therefore. Sir, that I 
mofl; earneftly implore you, not to make me the un- 
happy inftrument of fo apparent ruin to your Majefty 
and my country, as an aft of this kind will be ; and I 
hope your Majefty will not fuffer it to be done by any 
other, for I can forefee nothing lefs from it, than the 
putting in hazard your own facred perfon and the 
Queen's, and making England the moft miferable na- 
tion in the world. 

Remember I pray. Sir, how prophetically I have 
foretold you your misfortunes, and the courfes you might 
have taken to have avoided them, which I do not men- 
tion to reproach you, but to put you in mind of doing 
it now at laft ; and for heaven's fake. Sir, as you have 
made a great flep towards reconciliation by pubiifhing 
your Royal intentions of calling a parliament, treat (if 
your condition be no better) and that fairly ; God in 
. his infinite mercy will preferve you, and your Royal 

R 2 Iffue, 


IITue, and the Church of England will defend you in 
all your juft rights, and remove the difturbers of your 
peace, and fettle you as great and firm on your throne, 
as any of your predecefTors, Pardon me, Sir, for be- 
ing thus free with you, for it proceeds from a fmcere 
heart, and concern for you and yours ; and what has 
pafl between us on this unfortunate fubje£t (hall never 
be an injury to you, by being made known from me, 
and I know your goodnefs is too great to think ill of 
your conftant faithful fervant, or to impute to me any 
difobedience ; for what I have thus moft humbly laid 
before your Majefly, is really and honeftly, from the 
utmoft and extreme care and concern I have for yours, 
the Queen's and Prince's real prefervation ; for as I will 
not be inflrumental in, nor fufFer him to be carried into 
France, if by any means I can prevent it, fo on the 
other hand, I will frankly venture my life in your Ma- 
jefty's and his defence ; and as the lafl: expedient, I can 
at prefent propofe nothing more efTential to your Ma- 
jefly's great fervice, than in delivering him fafe into 
your own Royal cuflody, and the fooner your Majefty 
gives me order for it, it will be the better : Sir, I 
am afraid if I go from hence, the Dutch fleet will foon 
be here, and I likewife. fear the Prince of Orange's 
forces may cut between you and Portfmouth, therefore 
I defire your Majefty will give me order for bringing 
the Prince to you fpeedily, and that you will pleafe to 
recolle6t yourfelf, and apply reafonable means to pre- 
vent what you feem to be under fuch dreadful appre- 
henfions of. Your Majefty may fee in what confufion 
I am, fo that I can fay no more, but my daily prayers 
to God Almighty, to direfit and profper you." 

Lord Dartmouth to King 'James. — Upon his firji Flight. 

Spithead, the 2d. 
" T T is impoftible for me to exprcfs the grief and 
JL anxious cares I am in for your Majefty, and the 
news of your withdrawing was the greateft furprize of 



my life ; for I did humbly hope, my dutiful fupplica- 
tions to your Majefty would with your own confiderate 
thoughts have wholly altered your intentions of fending 
away the Prince of Wales, and did think it impoffible 
ever to enter into any body's thought, that had the 
lead inclination of duty to your Majefty, to give you 
fo pernicious and deftru6itive counfel as to go away 
yourfelf ; and if your Majefty had been drove to fucli 
a defperate courfe (which was morally impoffible, at 
leaft in my thoughts) as to abfent yourfelf, Sir, could 
you have been with more honour and fafety, than in 
your own fleet, who would always unanimoufly (I dare 
fay) have protefted and defended your facred perfon, 
from any violence or unhallowed hands ; but this looks 
like fo great miftrufl of me, that many can witnefs it 
hath almoft broke my heart. Your Majefty knows 
what condition you left the fleet in, and me in the 
utmoft unfupportable calamity of my life ; what could 
I do but fend to the Prince of Orange, when I found 
the whole nation did, and received orders from the 
Lo-'ds, which were communicated to the fleet, and 
removed all Roman Catholic officers. I have had yet 
no return from the Prince of Orange, but I hope all 
will end in your Majefty's happy re-eftabliftiment. 
Mr. Pepys will acquaint your Majefty with the ftate 
of the fleet, and Mr. Vaudry, I hope, will do me juf- 
tice of my care of the Duke of Berwick, garrifon and 
harbour of Portfmouth, with all the great fliips ; but 
withal, my confufion is fo great, that I am only able 
to beg God Almighty's protedion of your Majefty, 
and to deliver you out of all thefe troubles, which ftiall 
not only be the prayers, but hearty endeavours of a 
heart that never ftudied any thing but your real fervice, 
and will ever do to my unfortunate life's end." 

In King William's box there are, among many 
other letters written to him, or by him, upon his 
<:oming to England, the following ones. 

R 3 Copy 


Copy of three letters from the Prince, without ad- 
drefs, in Lord Portland's hand-writing. 

Letter firjl. 

A Exeter ce 1:1 de Novembre, 1688= ■ 
E fay le zele que vous avez pour votre religion, 
et I'intereft que vous avez au bien de ces roy- 
aumes ; ainfi je ne doutte pas que vous vous joindrez 
avec moy pour contribuer tout ce qui fera en votre 
pouvoir pour cet efFet. Je fuis d'avis que vous ne de- 
vez point bouger du lieu ou vous etes, et ne vous en 
point laiffer diffuade'r ; c'eft a vous a favoir qui eftes 
fur les lieux les mefures que vous devez prendre, ne 
pouvant vous I'ecrire d'ici. Je vous prie d'etres 
afiure qu'il eft impoiTible d'etre votre ferviteur pluspaf- 
fionement que je le fuis, et je le temoigneray en toutes 

Letter fecond. 

A Exeter, ce 41 Novembre, 
*' T ' E S P E R E que vous approuverez la caufe qui 
*9 m'amene icy, et je ne doutte pas que quand vous 
I'aurez bien examinee que vous vous trouverez etre 
autant interefTe que moy; ainfi j'efpere que vous an- 
rez la bonte d'y concourir et ine joindre le plutot que 
vous le jugerez convenable pour travaillera une fi bon- 
ne et jufte fin; je vous en auray une obligation tres 
grande que je tacherai de reconnoitre en toutes occafions 
ou je vous pourrai temoigner combien paffionement je 
fuis votre ferviteur." 



Letter third. 
A Exeter, ce i| de Novembre, i68S. 
*' T ' O N ne fauroit avoir plus d'obligation que je 
-■— ' vous ay de la maniere que vous en ufes avec 
moy, et des affurances que vous continues a me donner 
a m'aflifler a procurer a ce pais I'eftabliffement de leur 
religion et Uberte^ Je vous prie de me joindre le plu- 
tot que vous le jugerez convenable, laiflant a vous de 
prendre votre temps ; mais il fera neceffaire de confi- 
derer combien des gens fcavent I'afFaire, qu'il eft dan- 
gereux d'attendre trop long terns ; cependant il fera ne- 
ceffaire de m'envoyer de nos amis le plus que vous ju- 
gerez convenable, puifque cela donne un bon exemple 
pour des autres a nous venir joindre ; et vous prendrez 
toutes les precauticais qu'il fera poftible en ce que vous 
m'avez fait, et envoyer ce que I'on a requis. Je 
marcheray en avant le plutot qu'il fera faifable et ne 
perdray aucun temps, mais il faut confiderer I'eloigne- 
ment, les mauvais chemins,^ et que nous n'avons pas 
tous les chariots que nous fouhaiterions. Je vous prie 
d'eftre affeure de mon amitie, et que je n'oublieray 
jamais les obligations que je vous auray. Je vous prie 
de faire les memes affurances de ma part a nos bons 

TranJIatlon. Letter firjl. 

Exeter, 12 — 22 November, 1688. 
" T Know the zeal which you have for your religion,. 
jL and the intereft which you have in the good of 
thefe kingdoms, therefore I do not doubt that you will 
join with me to contribute all that fhall be In your 
power for this effe£t. I am of opinion that you ought 
not to ftlr from the place where you are, and not to al- " 
low yourfelf to be diffuaded from it. You who are 
upon the fpot, know beft the meafures which you ought 
to take, as I cannot point them out to you from this. 
I entreat you to be affured that it Is impoffible for me to 
be your fervant more paflionately than I am, and will 
fhew on all occafions." 

R 4 Letter 

26a appendix 

Letter fecond. 

Exeter, 12-22 November, 
Hope you will approve the caufe which brings me 
here, and I doubt not that when you have well 
confidered it, you will find yourfelf as much interefted 
in it as I am : I hope, therefore, that you will have 
the goodnefs to concur in it, and to join me the fooneft 
that you fhall judge convenient to help fo good and juft 
an end. I fhall have a great obligation to you for it, 
which I will endeavour to acknowledge upon all occafi- 
ons, -where I can fhew how paffionately I am your fer- 

Letter third. 

Exeter, November 12-22, 1688. 
*' ^^TOBODY can be under greater obligations than 
X^ I am to you for the manner of your pro- 
ceeding with me, and for the aflurances which you 
continue to give me to afllfl: me in procuring to this 
country the eftablifhment of its religion and liberty. I 
pray you to join me the fooneft that you fhall judge pro- 
per, leaving you to take your time. But it will be neceflary 
to confider how mar.y people know the affair, and that it 
would bedangerous to wait too long. In the mean time it 
will be neceflary for you to fend me as many of our 
friends as you fhall judge proper, fince that gives a good 
example to others for joining us, and to take all pre- 
cautions pofTible in what you have done, and to fend 
what has been afked. I will march forward the foonefl 
that is feafible, and wiil lofe no time : but you mufl 
confider the diftance, the bad roads, and that we have 
not all the waggons we fhould wifh. I beg you to be 
afTured of my friendfhip, and I fhall never forget the 
obligations which I have to you. I pray you to give 
the fame afTurances to our good friends." 



The princefs Anne to the Prince of Orange. — Prince 

George is to join him. Uncertain whether to continue 

where Jin zV, or to repair to the city. 

The Cockpit, November i8. 
" T TA V I N G on all occafions given you and my 
XJL fifter all imaginable aflurances of the real 
friendfhip and kindnefs I have for you both, I hope it 
is not neceflary for me to repeat any thing of that kind; 
and on the fubje£t you have now wrote to me, I fhall not 
trouble you with many compliments, only in fhort af- 
fure you, that you have my wiihes for your good 
fuccefs in this fo jufl an undertaking ; and I hope the 
Prince will foon be with you, to let you fee his readi- 
nefs to join with you, who I am fure will do you all the 
fervice that lyes in his power. He went yefterday with 
the King towards Salifbury, intending to go from thence 
to you as foon as his friends thought it proper. 1 am not 
yet certain if I fhall continue here, or remove into the 
city ; that fhall depend on the advice my friends will 
give me ; but wherever I am, I ihall be ready to fhew 
you how very much I am your humble fervant. 

ANN E." 

The Bijhop of London to the Prince of Orange.- J cu^ 

rious letter to be written by a Bijloop. The Princefs 

Anne thinks of joining the prince of Orange, 

SIR, Nottingham, December 2- 

** '\1I7'E are juft arrived here, and find the gentle- 

y V men here much difpofed to go in to you. 
Her Highnefs has a defire to go with them, that flie may 
be under your protedion : that you may therefore con- 
trive how to fecure her paflage to you, it is fit you 
Ihould know the condition of our troops here ; they 
are very raw, and defefitive of good officers. We fhall 



march a thoufand, and increafe every day very muchj 
but ftill Ave are very weak in difcipline. I befeech you, 
therefore. Sir, to advife beft of this matter what for- 
ces will be neceiTary for you to fend, and wherever I 
ftiall meet them, and when. 
I am. Sir, 

Your Highnefs's mod obedient fervant, 
H. L O N D O N." 

Lord Devonfnire to the prince of Orange. The princefs 

Anne wants to join him. 

Nottingham, Dec. 2d, at midnight. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
^"^ 13 Y this exprefs your Highnefs will receive notice 
JLJ from the Princef?,and likewife from the Bifhop 
of London, that fhe intends to join your Highnefs as 
fooft as fne can. I (hall prefume to add nothing more, 
only to give your Highnefs, as near as I can, a flate of 
our force. We are (reckoning the gentlemen that are 
with us) in all about a thoufand horfe, but both our offi- 
cers are unexperienced, and our men new raifed ; of 
thefe we fhall make about two troops of dragoons, and I 
am afraid \^o more. We can have great numbers of foot, 
if we had arms, and fubmil: to your Highnefs whether 
you will order me to march with fuch. If not, in my 
humble opinion, it would be abfolutely neceflary that a 
detachment were fent to meet the Princefs at fome cer- 
tain place, for at this time we are in perfe6l; ignorance 
(at leaft I am in my particular) where your Highnefs 
is. I likewife humbly beg that your Highnefs would 
appoint every day's march. I am, with all duty and 
refpe-Sl-, Sir, 

YourHicrlmefs's mofl obedient 

And mofl humble fervant, 




Earl of Bath to the Prince of Orange. — Is to obey the 
Prince'' s dire£ltons. 

May it pleafe your Royal Highnefs, 
" T D O with all pofllble gratitude acknowledge the 

X great honour of your late moft gracious letter, 
with fo many fignal marks of favour and goodnefs to- 
wards me, which I fhall endeavour to deferve by all 
the faithful fervices and a6lions of my life. Having 
now fully difcourfed with my moft worthy friend the 
bearer, and particularly imparted to him the method* 
and meafures that I have prefumed to think fitteft to be 
taken in this jun6ture, with my refolution to fubmit all 
things to your pleafure and great wifdom, I crave leave 
moft humbly to refer myfelf to his relation, and fhall 
ever yield perfe6l obedience to your commands, and 
improve my utraoft intereft with all zeal for your fer- 
vice, who am, with all duty and refpefit, may it pleafe 
your Royal Highnefs, your Royal Highnefs's 
Moft humble, moft faithful, 

and moft obedient fervant, 

Nov. 18, 1688. B." 

^he Bijhop of Brijiol to the Prince of Orange. — In anfwer 
to a letter from the Prince. — Concurs in his enterprise. 

May it pleafe your Highnefs, 
*' T Received the great honour of your Highnefs's 

JL letter, and beg leave to return you my moft hum- 
ble thanks for thofe kind opinions you have been pleafed 
to conceive of me, which I fliall endeavour ftill to 

My Lord Shrewftjury (with whofe condu<5t: we are 
all extremely pleafed) will give you a full account of 
what has been done here, which if your Highnefs fliall 
approve of, it will be great fatisfa£tion to me, that I 
have bore fome part in the work which your Highnefs 
has undertaken with the hazard of your life, for the 



prefervation of the proteflant religion, the laws and the 
liberties of this kingdom. 

I defire Almighty God to preferve you, as the means 
of continuing to us the exercife of our holy religion 
and our laws ; and humbly befeech your Highnefs to 
believe me very ready to promote fo good a work, and 
on all occafions to approve myfelf your Highnefs's 

Briftol, Moll obedient, faithful, humble fervant, 
Decembers. J. BRISTOL.'* 

Bijkop of St. Jfaph to the Prince of Orange. — Irritates 
the Prince againjl the King. — Has tried in vain to 
get the Bijhop of Ely to adopt the idea of a cejfion of 
the crown by the King. 

SIR, ' December 17, 1688. 

*' T DID not find the Bifhop of Ely at home, but 
M, I looked him out, and broke the matter to him 
with all pofllble care, that he might not difcover what 
I faid to be any more than my own thoughts ; and it 
was well I ufed this caution, for I found him ftrongly 
poffefied with a proje£t of accommodation. He told 
me what my Lord Halllfax faid he had fpoken to his 
Majefly formerly, when the King was fending him 
commiffioner to his Highnefs, and told his Lordfhip he 
was willing to make large conceflions for peace. 
' He told his Majefty he could not expe61: that the Prince 
would accept of any lefs conceffions than fuch as would 
put it out of his power to do fuch things as he had 
done heretofore againfl; the laws. The Bifhop faid, that 
now he believed his Majerty was willing to do all that 
could be required of him, and even to be reduced to 
the {late of a Duke of Venice, committing all the 
power of war and peace, and of making all officers, 
ecclefiaftical and civil, to the Prince for his life-time ; 
or that he would confenr to bills in parliament for that 
purpofe, and to all other bills that {hould be offered 
for the fecurity of religion and civil rights. I did not 
think it worth the while to aflc him what reafon he had 
to believe this, both becaufe I was not inftruded on 



that fubjeQ:, and alfo becaufe I did not think the church 
and kingdom would be very fafe in fuch an accommo- 
dation. I was not provided to anfwer what he faid, 
that this way was moft agreeable to his Highnefs's de- 
claration. But how unfafe it would be, I fhevved him 
by all the reafons in my in{lru£tions, which he was not 
able to anfwer. Yet I could not perfuade him to pro- 
pofe the other way of ceflion, he has too great a ten- 
dernefs for that, and befides, he defpaired of doing 
good in it. If there be any good way of bringing his 
Majefty to this, it muft be by fome of the criminals 
that are in danger of the law ; they are the men that 
have always had the greateft power with him ; and 
now their power is like to be fo much the greater, be- 
caufe he looks upon them as his fufferers, though, in 
truth, he is theirs. And they have not done with him 
yet ; for, as I am certainly informed, there was a throng 
of Papifts about him laft night, with Monf. Barillon 
at the head of them ; and this day there were thirty 
or forty at his Majefty's dinner, and no other prieft but 
a Jefuit to fay grace. 

I befeech God to dire6: his Highnefs in all thefe diffi- 
culties, and to blefs all his councils with fuccefs ; and 
the fame gracious God to continue your health, and to 
fill you with all comforts. 
I am. Sir, 

Your moft faithful, humble fervant, 
W. ASAP H." 

But the moft material letter of all is the following 
anonymous one, which feems written by a perfon of 
condition, and fuggefts dircdly to the Prince to aftume 
the crown. I cannot find out the hand writing. 



Anonymous letter to the Prince of Orange , urging him to 
take the crown. ■ 

" / I ^HE occafion of my prefenting this to your 
X Highnefs, arofe from my Lord Halifax com- 
ing on Friday laft to me, to let me know that he and 
my Lord Nottingham and Lord Godolphin were ap- 
pointed by the King to go commiflioners to treat ^vith 
your Highnefs ; and that he received the employment 
with fome trouble. I freely told his Lordfhip that he 
had reafon fo to do, for he would give very unhap- 
py fufpicions that he was engaged in a defisrn to give a 
flop to your Highnefs's advancing to this place by the 
delays of a treaty, and the miftaken notion of an ac- 
commodation ; for I plainly told him that nothing of 
that would be endured, for there was no room left for 
truft, and every thing miift be built upon new founda- 
tions** He feemed then fully to agree with me, and af- 
fured me he would not aft fo as :o deferve the leafl: cen- 
fure of this nature. 

Yeflerday, being Saturday, he came again to me in 
the evening, and told me, that though the trumpet 
that was fent to your Highnefs for a paflport was not 
vet returned, yet they were ordered to go next morn- 
ing (which is this Sunday) to Windfor, and next day 
to Reading, and to expe£l to meet the trumpet by the 

I perceived by this hade that they were reduced almoft 
to a dependency on this defign, and, therefore, by the 
advice of fome confiderable perfons here, whofe inte- 
refl; in the city and parliament will be very great, I have 
prefumed to give your Highnefs this account, that you 
may not only be prepared to judge of his proceedings, 
but alfo that you may be prefentcd with the general 
fenfe of things here as near as I can colle6t them ; and 
1 may prcfunie to alfure your Highnefs, that any delay 



caufed by the notion or pretence of a treaty, will caft 
a damp on the fpirits of people, who are now raifed 
with the mighty expe6tation of your advance, and 
are fo far from having any thoughts of fettling things 
by an accommodation, that they only fix upon hopes of 
remedy by the total change of perfons; judging it the 
greateft: folly to graft any thing upon the old flock ; 
taught by too fad experience that the difference of re- 
ligion makes it irreconcileable to truft though but the 
name of power with it ; for all limitations of power 
are but notions that may be raifed to interrupt or hin- 
der that bleffing to us all, which nothing but miftakes 
of fuch a nature can now prevent; and, therefore, as 
your Highnefs has come to redeem us from the threaten- 
ing miferies of Popery and Slavery, we can never fuf- 
fer the name or trufl of power in any other perfon. 

I doubt not but your Highnefs has in your clearer 
judgment difcerned all this, and perhaps you have re- 
ceived accounts of the fame nature from other hands ; 
yet I, and thofe friends I advife with, thought we could 
not difcharge our duties to your Highnefs, and this 
great caufe, in which we are all fo deeply concerned, with- 
out our humble reprefentation of this to you, which, 
if it be agreeable to your fenfe, we doubt not but your 
Highnefs will prevent all defigns that may give the leaft 
delay or interruption to your proceedings ; for all things 
are in fuch a pofture here to receive you, that we have 
reafon to fuppofe -that you will find little oppofition 
from force, and therefore all other artifices will be at- 
tempted, which we doubt not but your great judgment 
and prudence will prevent. 

The city keep themfelves prudently quiet, but are 
very well inclined, and refolve upon your approach to 
appear in your afliftance, which I receive now from a 
confiderable perfon of it, who alfo believes, that if I 
can get releafed by that time of this fit of the gout, 
that has now held me this three weeks, I may proba- 
bly be of fome ufe to them. 



a^s APPEND! X. 

Your Highnefs will have an account of the Duke of 
Norfolk's appearing very confiderable in that coun- 

Laftly, give me leave to prefent to your Highnefs 
the perfon I fend this by, Mr. Richard Ophile, he is 
my wife's brother that died ; at prefent a cornet of 
horfe in the King's army, who has been ready to em- 
brace any occafion that I fhould direft him in to ferve 
your Highnefs. I have fo good an opinion of him in all 
refpe£ts, that I ufed him in this bufmefs ; and humbly 
defire your Highnefs to believe, that in any thing you 
command him he will not deceive your expe£tation." 

There are alfo in the box letters from the Lords 
Delamer, Stamford, and Brandon (three perfons whofe 
lives had been called in queftion by the King) making 
apologies to the Prince for their want of fpeed in join- 
ing him : offences, however, which he never after- 
wards forgave. 

Lord Montague to King William. JJks a Dukedom. 

Enumerates hisfervices in the quejiion of the Re- 

SIR, London, May i8th, 1694- • 

Did ftot think it very good manners to trouble 
your Majefty in the middle of fo great affairs as 
you had at your going away, elfe I fhould have made 
it my humble requefl that you would have been fo gra- 
cious as to have done my family the fame honour you 
have done to my Lord Clare, Bedford, and others. This 
requefl had been made to you by the old Duke of Schom- 
berg, who thought himfelf under fome obligation to 
me for the encouragement I gave him to attend you in 
your expedition into England, but that I did not think 
it reafonable to afk the being put over the Duke of 
Shrewfbury's head ; but now. Sir, that you have given 
him that rank, which the greatnefs of his family and 
perfonal merit has dnferved, I may, by your Majefly's 



grace and favour, pretend to the fame dignity as well as 
any of the families you have promoted, being myfelf 
the head of a family that many ages ago had great ho- 
nours and dignities, when I am fure thefe had none ; 
and we having loft them by the civil wars between York , 
and Lancafler, I am now below the two younger 
branches, my Lord Manchefter and Sandwich. I have 
to add to my pretenfion the having married the Duke of 
Newcaftle's eldeft daughter ; and it has been the prac- 
tice of all your predeceffors, whenever they were fo 
gracious to keep up the honour of a family by the fe- 
male line, to beftow it upon thofe who married the 
eldeft, without there were fome perfonal prejudice to 
the perfon who had that claim. I may add. Sir, another 
pretenfion, which is the lame for which you have gi- 
ven a Dukedom to the Bedford family ; the having 
been one of the firft, and held out till the laft, in that 
caufe which, for the happinefs of England, brought, 
you to the crown. I hope it will not be thought a lefs 
merit to be alive and ready on all occafions to venture 
all again for your fervice, than if I had loft my head 
when my Lord Ruflel did. I could not then have had 
the opportunity of doing the nation the fervice I did, 
when there was fuch oppofition made by the Jacobite 
party, in bringing my Lord Huntington, the bifhop of 
Durham, and my Lord Aftiley, to vote againft the 
Regency, and for your having the crown ; which was 
carried but by thofe three voices and my own. I ihould 
not put you in mind of this, but hoping that fo fortu- 
nate and fo feafonable a fervice as this, may fupply 
all my other wants of merit ; and which, fince you 
were pleafed to promife me in your bed-chamber at St. 
James's before you were King, never to forget, you 
will not now that are fo great and fo gracious a one. 
The Duke of Shrewftiury can further fatisfy you what 
perfecution I fuffered, and what lofTes I fuftained in the 
Vol. HI. S two 


two lafl: reigns, which muft make the mortification 
greater if this humble fuit be refufed to, 
Sir, your moft dutiful 

and obedient fubjeft and fervant, 
M O U N T A G U." 

This letter is fingular in feveral refpefils : Flrft, It fup- 
pofes that Ruffel's confpiracy had been agreeable to the 
Prince of Orange. Secondly, It infinuates that Lord 
Mountaguhad been a party to it, whereas it is certain 
he was not. I found, in Barillon's correfpondence, that 
infinite pains were taken in England to fijf his accellion 
to that confpiracy, upon him, but in vain. But it muft 
be doubly curious to thofe who, in this Appendix, have 
feen the intrigues of Mountague with the French court in 
the reign of Charles the Ild. King William refufed the 
requeft of this letter. 

Barillon's remaining difpatches, after the Prince of 
Orange's landing, contain the following anecdotes. 

His letter of 25 November, 1688, mentions a force 
of French troops being ready at Dunkirk and Calais to 
fail for England. 

His letter of ifl December, relates that Lord Mel- 
fort had preffed James to feize all the principal perfons 
of the whig party, as foon as the Prince of Orange had 

Letter of 1 1 th December, exprefles King James's 
aftonifliment at the defertion of Douglas's Scotch regi- 
ment, becaufe, of all his regiments, he trufted it the 

In this letter, and that of 27th December, Barillon 
fays James had ordered Jefferies to refide in the palace, 
in order that the Great Seal might be at hand to be car- 
iied off; and that James believed the lofs of the Great 
Seal could not be repaired, and that the conftitiition muft 
fall loofe by his difappearance. 



Letter of 1 3th of December, defcribes the various 
and contradictory advices with which King James was 
tormented from all quarters. 

Letter of 22d Decemb. defcribes the indignation of 
the Englifh common foldiers upon hearing Lord Fever- 
fliam's order for diftanding them read. 

Letter of 24th December, relates that when King 
James was difcoveredbythefisrmen in his firll flight, 
one of them knelt and wept ; that upon this James 
wept, and the other fifhermen who had behaved ill to 
him before, at the fight of his tears, fell upon their 
knees ; and that at Feverfham the common people be- 
haved to him with far more refpe8: than thofe of better 
condition ; for which Barillon afligns this reafon, that; 
thefe laft were afraid of the Prince of Orange, 

Lord Dartmouth's notes on Bifhop Burnet's hifloryj 
contains the following anecdotes of the tinie in queftion. 

ExtraSi ijif from Lord Dartmouth's notes. 

Note on p. 790. of Bifhop Burnet's hiftory. *• The 
Duke of Shrewfbury told me, the Prince was much fur- 
prifed at his backwardnefs in joining with him, and be- 
gan to fufpe<£l: he was betrayed, and had fome thoughts 
of returning ; in which cafe he refolved to publifh the 
names of all thofe that had invited him over, which he 
faid would be a juft return for their treachery, folly, 
and cowardice. Lord Shrewfbury told him he believed 
the great diffi,culty amongfl them was, who fhould run 
the hazard of being the firfl, but if the ice were once 
broke, they would be as much afraid of being the lafl 5 
which proved very true." 

ExtraSi 2d. 

Note on p. 819. " There was a great meeting at 
f:}ie Earl pf Devonlhir^'s, v;here the difpu|:e ran very 


high between Lord Halifax and Lord Danby; one for 
the Prince, the other for the Princefs : at lafl Lord 
Halifax faid, he thought it would be very proper to 
know the Prince's own fentiments, and defired Fagel 
would fpeak, who defended himfelf a great while, by 
faying he knew nothing of his mind upon that fubje(£t, 
but if they would know his own, he believed the Prince 
would not like to be his wife's gentleman-ufher ; upon 
which Lord Danby faid, he hoped they all knew enough 
, now, for his part he knew too much, and broke up 
the affembly, as Sir Michael Wharton who was prefent 
told me.'* 

ExtraSi ^d. 

Note on p. 808. " The Duke of Leeds told me^ 
that Lord Tyrconell fent feveral meflfages to King 
William, that he was ready to deliver up Ireland, if he 
would but give him a decent excufe, by fending any 
thing that looked like a force to demand it : but Lord 
Halifax told him, that if Ireland was quiet, there would 
be no pretence for keeping up an army : and if there 
was none, he would be turned out, as eafily as he had 
been brought in ; for it was impoflible to pleafe Eng- 
land long, and he might fee they began to be dif~ 
contented- already." 



T O 

Sir John Dalrymple's Memoirs 

o F 





B O O K I. '■ 

Letter of Lord Sunderland to King William, dated Sm^ 
Jierdam, Alarch Sth, immediately after the revolution.—^ 
Anxious about bis swn fate — 'reminds King William of 
his fervices in the revolution. 

May it pleafe your Majeflj, 

IF I had not followed the advice of my friends ra^ 
ther than my own fenfe, I fhould not have been 
out of Enoland at this time ; for I thcu;2:ht I had 
ferved the publiclc fo importantly in contributing what 
lay in me towards the advancing of your glorious un- 
dertaking, that the having been in an odious miniftry 
ought not to have obliged me to be abfent : but nothing 
makes me repine fo much at it, as that I could not 
give my vote for placing your Majefty on the throne, 
as I would have done with as much joy and zeal as any 
man alive : and riow mofi: heartily wifh you all the 
greatnefs and profperity you deferve, which is to wifh 
you more than any man eVet* had. I mufl now beg 
leave to offer to your Majefty my moft humble ac- 
knowledgments for your juftice and grace in ordering 
me to be fet at ULerty. I came into this couhtry be- 
caufe I defired to be intirely in your power, and will 
coniinue in it till you forbid me, which I hope in cha- 
rity your Majefty will never do. I fhould be fureyou 
never would, if my condition were worthy of your con- 
fideration. Whereever I am in the world, your corn-^ 
mands, as they ought, fhall be moft exadly obeyed by^ 

May it pleafe your-Majefty, 
Your Majefty's moft faiihful, moft humble, 

and moft obedient fubjedt and fervant, 
March the 8th. SUNDERLAND*, 

[In King William's cheftc] 

A3 , JLadj 


Lady Sunderland to King JVllllam.'-^A Jimilar letter. 


TH E relief I had by your Majefty's jufllce and 
grace from the fharpcft apprehenfions that ever 
I lay under, may, I hope, be allowed a fufficient pJea 
for the liberty I now take to prefent you n^y moft 
humble acknowledgments for that great charity of 
yours : I dare not impute it to any other motive; but 
however unfortun;;te my prefent circumftances are, I 
have this to fupport me, that my thoughts as well as 
actions have been, are, and I dare fay ever will be, 
what they ought to be to your Majefty ; and not only 
upon the account of the duty I now owe you. But 
long before your glorious undertaking, which was 
founded upon fo many great and eftimable qualities in 
you, that I can never change my opinion, whatever 
my fortune may be in this world ; and may I but hope 
for fo much of your Majefty's favour as to live quietly 
in a country where you have fo rhuch power, till it 
fliall pleafe God to let me end my days at my own 
home, i (hall ever be moft truly and humbly thankful. 
Nothing can make me more than I am already, 
S IR, 

Your Majefty's moft hum.ble, 
obedient fubje£t and fervantj 
March nth. A. SUNDERLAND. 

[Ill King William's cheft.] 

Letter of Lord Sunderland to King JVilliam.^ — Jnxiotts 
about his fate. 

May it pleafe your Majefty, 

YOUR difpleafure is of all things the moft grie- 
vous. 1 deferve pity upon many accounts. That 
I befeech you do withdraw, and forgive my failings, 



and difpofe of me for ever as you fhall think fit. God 
Almighty preferve you for ever. I am, 
May it pleafe your Majefty, 
Your moft faithful, moft humble, and 
Thurfday. moft dutiful fubjecH: and fervant, 


[In King William's cheft.] 

Remark.'] The above three letters fliew the difficult 
fituation into which the double condudl of lord and 
lady Sunderland (as double-dealing always does) had 
thrown both themfelves and King; William. 

Remark.] In memoirs written by fir John Lowther, 
iirft lord of the treafury to King William, part of 
which fir James Lowther was fo obliging as to 
fhow me, there is a very ftrong picture of the di- 
flrefles which King William was under in England, 
from want of money. 

But the flrongeft piSture of all is in a letter in King 
William's cheft, from lord Godolphin to King Wil- 
liam, without a date, but appearing from its con- 
tents to have been written in the year 1693, This 
letter containing the true ftate of parties and of the 
King immediately after the revolution^ and being 3 
very capital one in many refpefts, I print the whole 
of it. 

For the KING. 

"AVING according to my duty made it my 

bufinefs not only to give a conftant attendance in 

this houfe all this feflions, but at all meetings to which 
I was called, to confider how to carry on your affairs % 
and having thereby had an opportunity to make feye- 
taI ohfervations that may prove for your Majefty's fer- 

A 3 vice 

4 A P P E N D I X, 

vice to know, I think myfelf obliged with all ims- 
ginable fubmiffion, to lay them before your Majefty. 

And it being generally difcourfed as if your Majefly 
Jiad a peace in profpe£l, you'll pardon me, Sir, if from 
thofe obfervations, in the firft place, I prefume to fay 
how much, in my poor opinion, it will contribute to 
your future happinefs, if it fhould, if poflible, be per- 
fe6ted before the meeting either of this or any other 

When your Majefty confiders the prefent ftate of the 
kingdom, and the factions that are in it, you'll find 
that the twq great points that require more efpecially 
your care, are how to manage the partyes Co as to main- 
tain yourfelf againft your enemies abroad, and at the 
fame time fo to preferve your authority at home, that 
the neccility of doing the one may not bring yoq to 
fueh circumftances that it will he impoflible for you to 
keep the other j and this tafk is more difficult becaufe 
the Toreys, who are friends to prerogative, are fo 
mingled with Jacobites, that they are not to be con- 
fided in during the war; and the whigs, who are, for 
that reafon, of neceffity to be employed to fupport your 
caufe againfl: the common enemy, will at the fame time 
endeavour all they can to make ufe of that opportunity 
to leiTen your juft power. And let them prt-tend wliat 
they will to your Majefty, the feveral ioftances they 
have given this fefiions of their intentions that way, 
put this matter out of all doubt to any perfon u'ho has 
taken the leaft pains to obferve them, and it's beyond 
all difpute manifeft, that though they will give money 
to keep out King James, yet they'll never give you one 
- vote to fupport your juft right in any point where (what 
they pleafe to call) the intereft of the people is con- 

This being the condition of your partye, which I 
prefume your Majefty will allow to be too true, I aiT^ 
confident, when you look into the funds that are given 
for the fervice of this year, and confider how much 
•ihey leflcn and incumber your hereditary revenue j and 



-^hcn you know, Sir, that if the war continue. It will 
he impoflible to fave the cuftoms (which is the only tax 
now left you can expert will ever be given for a lon- 
ger time than from year to year) from being likewife 
pawned for five years at leaft : I prefume to fay, Sir, 
jhtfe tilings confidercd, your Majefty will be of opi- 
nion that it is more your intereft, with relation to your 
affairs at home, to have a peace this fummer, than 
ever it was fince you fat upon the throne of England ; 
aiad that if you have it not, as things have been ma- 
naged, the next year's expences v/ill fo anticipate thofe 
branches of the revenue that ever have been kept hi- 
therto for the ordinary fupport of the government, that 
it will be fcarce poffible that your Majefly fliould ever 
fee an cafy day, though it fliould pleafe God hereafter 
to give you fuch a peace as yourfelF could wifh : and 
the ground-work on which I build this affertion is, that 
it ever was and ever will be lmpra£licable for any king 
of England to be the leaft happy, who muft depend 
upon a parliament every year to give a million of mo- 
ney for his common and necefiary fupport j and that 
this will be your Majefty's circumftance, if the war be 
another year continued, will, I fear, by the following 
account of expence of this year, and by the guefs or 
computation of what may the funds for the next, ap- 
pear to be very near a demonftratioap 

The funfls for 94. 

Lan<l-tax, befides what is paid thereout to 
the defecfl of the poll, to this year's 
charge, — 1,500,000 

2d, Ninepenfe upon the excife granted for 
16 years, to commence from May, 97 ; 
the fait to make good the fund in the 
mean time, to rais by way of lottery for 
this year's fervis, ——-,-- > . .. 1,000,000 


, , , A 4 3d, Nine* 


Brought over 2,500,000 
3d, Ninspenfe upon the excife, granted for 
97 years, to commence from May, 97. ; 
the tunag being to fupply the fame in 
the main time, to rais upon perpetual 
intereft and lives for this year's fervice, 1,500,000 
Quarterly poll given for — — — 700,000 
Hackney coaches to be licenfed for 21 years 100,000 
Paper a6l for four years, 230,000 

Note, The 2 ninepenfes granted this year upon the 
excife, with that which was laft year given upon the 
fame revenues, for raiflng a million of money upon 
lives, are allowed to fink the hereditary excife above 
250,000 per annum j and the remainder being made 
a collateral fecurity, that the fait and tunage fhall an- 
fwer 280,000 per annum, till May, 1695, will, in 
probability, be thereby, funk about 100,000 a-year 
more for that j from the fait branch muft not hereafter 
be expefted more then 300,000 per annum; though 
formerly it yielded when the half crown flood fingly, 
(and that is only hereditary) 650,000/. a-year. I take 
it for granted that if the war continue, it will be im- 
poffible for your Majefty to leffen your charge, for as 
the confederats murt take it ill if the land forces are noE 
the fame, for the parliament will never fufFer the navy 
to be decreafed, therefore I compute the money necef- 
fary to be given to be likewife 5,000,000. 

A guefs at the funds for 95, 
Four Shillings in the pound upon land, 
unlefs it be more equally affeft, (and 
that the major part of the houfe will 
never allow) will not yield above 
1,800,000, and of that then will pro- 
bably be anticipated by the claufes of 
credit given this year about 600,000, 
fo that to next year's charge muft not 
fee expected more than - ^^^j^ - ■- ;--- 1,200,000 



The pole can't poffibly be repeated next year, in 
regard it will be in colle<Stion in April next, nor more 
can be got upon trade, fince the tunnage is now 

There can be no more money ralfed by protefts for 
want of funds, there being no revenew out of which 
to make any, but the fmall remainder of the hereditary 

For that not only the cuftoms mufi: be pav/n'd for a 
confiderable time, but a further charge upon land, and 
feveral heads of excifes muft be brought to make up 
the fum wanting; and when the cuftoms are fopawn'd, 
the hereditary excife part leffened for ever, and an other 
part made a colatral fecurity for three years, toils preju- 
dice 100,000 per annum j and the ninepence (that ufed 
to be given to the crown in cafes of neceffity) fettled 
two of them for 99 years, and the third for 19 years 
to come, nothing is more plain, than that your Ma- 
jefty has not a revenew of your own to depend upon 
at prefent, of above 400,000 per annum, nor will there 
be any other in profpeft when ■ the ufual ones are dif- 
pofed on as abovefaid ; for that computing the necefTary 
charge of the government, in time of peace, at 
1,400,000 a year, which is the loweil it has been efti? 
mated at, a million muft conftantly be raifed out of 
your fubjeits pockets, by extraordinary ways for your 
fupport, and how uneafy that will make your govern- 
ment to yourfelf, 1 leave your Majefty to judge, I 
fhall only add, that it is manifeftly the defigns of fome 
people to keep neceffities always upon you, and it was 
from fuch that the reverfion of the 600,000 upon the 
Eaft India company, and the refolutions to charge the 
cuftoms this year, proceeded. And nothing, I can 
afTure your Majefty, prevented the latter but the 
warmth you fpoke with on that fubjedt to the fecre- 

A new 


m A P P E N t) 1 X. 

A new parliament will not help this matter, for let 
who will be the givers, there will remain ftill the fame 
ways of giving ; and let what fort of men ibever be 
chofen, I dare anfwer for't, a majority of them will be 
much rather for mortgaging the revenue of the crown, 
than their own land ; and this makes me have reafon 
to fear your Majefty will never again have fuch an 
offer as was made you this feffions ; and refufed by 
tbofe that pretended to be your friends, and foon after 
repented that it was ever tendered, by thofe that were 
your encmys ; when, upon thinking on't more tho- 
roughly, they found of what infinite advantage it would 
have been to your government. 

But, Sir, flnce I have mentioned a new parliament, 
and knowing you will be prefs'd by the whiggs to have 
ene, being fanguine enough to imagine they fliall be 
able to get a greater majority in the next than they can 
pretend to in this, you'll pardon me for troubling you 
with a word or two on that fubje£l:, and in my hum-i. 
blc opinion it feems to be unqueftionably your inte- 
reft, if the war continue, to continue the parliament ; 
and if the war ends, to let that end with it. And my 
reafons for this opinion are : 

I ft, Thefe are the fame men that engaged yoiir Ma-? 
jefty in the war, and are obliged by their votes to fup- 
port you in it. 

adly. The experience you have that this houfe will 
do it, ought to be an unanfwerable argument againft 
parting with it, for a new one, when you do not know 
whether they will be for you or not. 

3dly, The great reafon that's given for diflblving 
this, being, becaufe it's faid they have an ill reputa- 
tion, ought not to fway in this affair, but the con- 
trary ; fince that is only a fcandal raifed by the ene- 
mys of the government ; and the fupporting your Ma- 
jefty being the crime they lay to their charge, your 



Majefty's friends ought to efteem them for that, for 
which they are hated by their enemys. 

4thly, Your Majefty has for this 4 years laft paft 
been giving all employments to members of the houfe, 
which though it has not fignified much in any party 
bufinefs, yet in the grand affair of carrying on the 
war, they have been of mighty fervice, for there is 
but very few inftances of any of them but which upon 
occafion appear tp be hearty for your government, in 
relation to the foreign difpnte, and many of thefe will 
be left put in a new choice, which will be no fmall 
prejudice to your Majefty, confidering that moft of 
your enemys in the houfe of commons are made foj 
becaufe they have not places like the reft. 

But what's the moft dangerous confequence of a 
pew eledlion is, that it will throw the ballance too much 
on the one fide or the other, for either the Whigs willj 
according to their expe£i:ation, get it into their hands in- 
tirely, and then I fear your Majefty will think the im- 
pofitions they'll be laying upon you unreafonable ; or 
otherwife the Torys will have the. afcendant, and then 
it's to be doubted that they, in revenge to the Whigs, 
will, for the major part, be governed by the ar- 
tifices of the Jacobites, and from fuch a misfortune 
nothing lefs than deftruftion can proceed. 

Whereas, ag the houfe is now conftituteJ, the Whigs 
are not ftrong enough to make ufe of the neceffitys of 
your government as much as they are inclined to do ; 
neither are the Tories numerous enough to refent your 
Majefty's favouring the Whigs, Sir, upon the whole 
I ftiall prefume to conclude as I began, that the par- 
liament that begun with the war, ihould likewife end 
with it, and not before, . 

And if it pleafed God to grant your Majefty an ho- 
nourable peace, and you would then be pleafed to fett 
up for a party of your own, and let all people fee that 
if they expe^ed your favour they muft depend uporj 




you for it, and not lett any one hope for promotion for 
being true to a faction, but by ferving of you ; 1 pre- 
.' fume to fay that the war being ended, a new parlia- 
ment called, and fuch meafures purfued, your Majefty 
would quickly find, that the Jacobites would turn mo- 
derate churchmen, and loyall fubjefits, and the Whigs 
much more obfequious courtiers, and eafier fervants, 
than they now are, 

I ihall now conclude with begging your Majefty's 
pardon moft humbly for the trouble I have prefumed to 
give you, and I am perfuaded if you knew with what 
zeal this is intended for your fervice, you would not 
yefufe to grant it to, 


Your Majefly's moft dutifull 
and obedient fubjedl and fervant, 


Remark.'^ While King William was engaged in his 
projeft of reconciling the religious differences of 
England, he was at great pains to find out the pro- 
portions between churchmen, diffenters, andpapifts. 
In his cheft there is the following curious report in. 
confequepce of an enquiry upon that head. 


Conformifts. Non-conformifls. Papifts. 

Province of Cant. 2,123,362 93>i5i 11,878 

of York 353,892 15,525 1,978 

in both, 2,477,254 108,676 13,856 



Conformifts, 2,477,254 

Nonconformifts 108,676 

Papift, 1 3*856 

In all England, 2,599,786 

According to which account, the proportion of 

Conformifts to Non-conformifts, is 22 1 jtponc. 

Conformifts to Papifts, is ^7^1% 

Conformifts and Non-conformifts toge- 
ther to Papifts, is i86| 

PAPISTS in the feverall provinces above'the age of ib, 

Canterbury — 142 

London, — ■ — 2,069 

Winchefter, ■ ~_— 968 

Rochefter, ' — — • 64 

Norwich, ■ ■ 671 

Lincoln, •■ - - ij244 

Ely 14 

Chichefter, 385 

Salifljury, *— — 548 

Exeter, '- 298 

Bath and We, Is, 176 

Worcefter, — — 719 

Coventry and Litchfield, • Ij949 

Hereford • 714 

Gloucefter » 124 

Briftol, 199 

Peterborough, ■ ■ - • 163 

Oxford, ~— — — 358 

St. David's, — — 217 

Landaff, — 551 

Bangor, " >-■ * — 19 

St. Afaph, ' 275 

Total of thefc, 11,867 



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There are in the province of Canterbury 23740 
papifls, half of thefe is under the age of 16 years, viz. 
11870; a feventh part of thefe are aged, and above 
339T. Taking out of the faid number of papifts the 
two lafl fums, which make in all 15261 ; there remains 
then 8479, of which the one half is women : there re- 
mains thjcrefore in the province of Canterbury^ fitt to 
bear arms, 4239 papifts. 

The province of York bears a fixth part of the 
taxes,' and hath in ir a fixth part of the people a& that of 
Canterbury hath, (viz.) 3956, whereof half are under 
the age of 16, (viz.) 1978 ; and a feventh part above 
60, (viz.) 1^65 ; and oi the aforefaid fiXth part one half 
is women. 

The total therefore of the papifts of the priovince of 
York fit to bear arms is 701 ; joining which to the 
total of the papifts in the province of Canterbury fitt 
to bear arm«, makes the total of the papifts throughout 
all England fitt to bear arms to be 4940. 

There being every where as many under the agfe of 
16 as above it, the total of the whole papifts in the 
whole province is 23 740. 

^n Account of the Province of Canterhufy, 

In the taking of thefe accounts we find thefe things 
obfcrvable : 
I. That many left the church''upon the late indulgence 

who before did frequent it. 
2- The fending for thefe enquirys hath caufed rtiariy to 

frequent the church. 

3. That they are Walloons chiefly that make up the 
number of difl'enters in Canterbury, Sandwich, and 

4. That the prefbyterians are divided, fome of them 
come fometime to church, therefore fuch are not 
wholly diffenters upon the 3d enquiry. 

5. A confiderable part gf diffenters are not pf any fed 

6. 01 


6. Of thofe that come to church very many do not 
receive the facrament. 

7. At A-fliford and at other places we find a new fort of 
hereticksj after the name of Muggleton, a London 
taylor, in number 30. 

8. The reft of the diffenters are prefbyterians, anabap- 
tifts, independants, quakers, about equal numbers, 
only 2 or 3 called felf-willers profefledly. 

9. The heads and preachers of the feveral factions are 
fuch as had a great (hare in the late rebellion. 

The Rev- Dr. Percy was fo good as to give me a few- 
memorandums in the hand writing of Lord Nottingham 
fecretary of ftate to King William, among which was 
the following : 

Memorandum hy Lord Nottingham, 

April 9th. Letter from King James to the Queen, 
that he had hitherto been willing to make excufes for 
what had been done, and thought her obedience to her 
hufband, and compliance with the nation, might have 
prevailed, but that her being crowned was in her own 
power ; and if fhe did it, while he and the prince of 
Wales were living, the curfes of an angry father would 
fall on her, as well as of a God who commanded obe- 
dience to parents. Princefs of Denmark had a Letter 
alfo. King William declared there is nothing he has 
done, but he had the queen's advice and approbation. 




DOCTOR PITCAIRN, one of the firft of mo- 
dern Latin poets, wrote the following fine epitaph 
upon lord Dundee : 

tJItime Scotorum, potult quo fofpite folo 

Libertas patriae falva fuifle tuae : 
Te moriente, novas accepit Scotia cives, 

Accepitque novos, te moriente, deos. 
Ilia tibi fuperefle negat, tu non potes illi • 

Ergo Caledonise nomen inane vale. 
Tuque vale, gentis prifcae fortiflime duAor, 

Uitime Scotorum, atque ultime Grame, valeJ 

Thus tranflated by Mr. Dryden. 

Oh laft and heft of Scots ! who didft maintain 
Thy country's freedom from a foreign reign. 
New people fill the land, now thou art gone. 
New gods the temples, and new kings the tlirone. 
Scotland and thou did in each other live ; 
Nor wouldft thou her, nor could Ihe thee furvive. 
Farewell, who dying didft fupport her ftate. 
And couldft not fall but with thy country's fate. 

The following letter from lord Strathnaver, to lord 
Dundee, and lord Dundee's anfwer, Were given to 
me by my worthy fellow labourer in hiftorical en- 
quiries. Sir David Dalrymple. 

Vol. III. B lord 


Lord Strathnaver to Lord Dundee. •• Advifes Dundee 
to make his peace* 
My Lord, 

TH E concern that many equally interefted in us 
both, has for your lordfhip, abll:ra6ting from 
that rerpe6t which your own merit made me have, 
cannot but occafion regrate in me, to fee that the 
courfes you take, tend inevitably to the ruin of you 
and yours, if perfifted in. I cannot therefore but wifh, 
that you would follow the duke of Gordon*s example, 
and I am perfuaded it will be found the beft courfe ; 
neither fhall your friends who at this time dare not well 
meddle, be wanting ' to (how their afFeftion to you, 
and intereft in the {landing of your family, and I hope 
you will do me the juflice to believe that none wi{hes it 
better, or will more efFedually lay himfelf out in it, 

Invernefs, My Lord, ^-c. 

3d of July, 1689. STRATHNAVER. 

: Lord Dundee to Lord Strathnaver,' — — His fpirited 

My Lord, Struan, 15 th July, 1689. 

YOUR lordOiip's, dated the 3d, I received the 13th, 
arid would have returned an anfwer before now, 
had I not been called fuddenly to Enverlochie, to give 
orders anent the forces, arms, and amunition fent from 
Jrland. My lord, I am extreamly fenfible of the obli- 
gation I have to you, for offering your endeavours for 
me, and giving me advice in the defperate eflate you 
thought our affairs were in. I am perfuaded it flows 
from your fincere goodnefs and concern for me and 
mine, and in return, I affure your lordfliip, I have had 
no lefs concern for youj and was thinking of making 
the like addrefs to you ; but delayed it till things fhould 
appear rnore clear to you. I am forry your lordPaip 



ihouM be fo far abufed as lo think, that there Is any 
ihadow of appearance of (lability in this new ftrufture 
of government thefe men have framed to themfelves : 
they made you, I doubt not, believe, that Darie (Lon- 
donderry) was relieved three weeks ago. By printed 
accounts, and I can allure you, it never was relieved, 
and now is taken. They told you, the Inglifh fleet and 
Dutch were mailers of the Tea. I know for certain the 
French is, and in the Chanel ; in teftimony whereof 
they have defeated our Scots fleet. For as they came 
alongft they fell on the two fnggats, killed the captains, 
and feifed the fhips, and brought the men prifoners to 
Mull. They tell you Schomberg is going to Irland to 
carry the war thither. I afifure you the king has landed 
a confiderable body of forces there, and will land him- 
felf amongfl: our friends in the wefl: (whom I am forry 
for) very foon. So, my lord, having given you a clear 
and true profpedt of afi^airs, which I am afraid amongfl: 
your folks you are not ufed with, I leave you to judge 
if I or you, your family or myn, be moft in danger. 
However, I acknowledge francly, I am no lefs obliged 
to your lordfhip, feeing you made me an offer of your 
afliftance in a tyme when you thought I needed it. 
Wherein I can ferve your lordfhip or family at any 
tyme you think convenient, you may freely employ 
me. For, as far as my duty will allow me in the 
circumftanccs we ftand, I will ftudy your well as be- 

My Lord, ' 

Your mofl: humble fervant, 


Remark.'] The following fpeech of King James, at St. 
Germains, to the Scotch officers when reduced to a 
company of centinels, is a ftrong infl:ance, how a 
mind naturally fevere and weak, may be humanizfed, 
and even elevated by misfortunes, 

B 2 I^in^ 


King James's fpeech to the Scotch officers^ when reducd 
into a company of centinels at St. Germaim. 

' Y own misfortunes are not fo high my heart as 
yours. It grieves me beyond what I can ex- 
prefs, to fee fo many brave and worthy gentlemen, 
■who had once the profpeft of being the chief officers iti 
my army, reduced to the ftations of private centinels. 
Nothing but your loyalty, and of a few of my fubjefts 
in Britain, who are forced from their allegiance by th& 
prince of Orange, and who I know will be ready on all 
occafions to ferve me, and my dillfefled family, Could 
make me willing to live. The fenfe of what all of you 
have done, and undergone for your loyalty, hath made 
fo deep an imprefhon in my heart, that if ever it pleaffe 
God to reftore me, it is impofllble I can be forgetfull of 
your fervices and fufFerings. Neither can there be any 
pofts in the armieis of my dbrriinions, but Whai you 
have jufl: pretenfions to. As for my fon, and youf 
princCj he is your own blood, a child capable of any 
impreflions ; and as his education will be from you, it 
is not fuppofable he can forget your merits. 

At your own defires, you are now going a long 
march, far diftant from me. I have taken care to pro- 
vide you with money, fhoes, (lockings, and other ne- 
cefTarys. Fear God and love one another. Write your 
wants particularly to me, and depend upon it always ttf 
lind me your parent and king.- 




N King William's cheft there is the following letter 
from the Princefs Sophia to King William, upon 
occafion of that prince's endeavouring to bring the fa- 
mily of Hanover into the line of fucceffion. 

Xhe Princefs Sophia to King William. —Thanks for en^ 

dmvouring to bring her family into the fucceffion, 


C'EST un advantage fi grand pour moy de me voir 
honnore des marques de la bienveillance de Votre 
IVIajefte, que j/ofe prendre la liberte de vous en temoig= 
jier ma tres humble reconnoiflance. Le chevalier Colt 
m'a dit fort particulierement I'obligation que je vous ai. 
Je veux croire que ceux qui font contraire a la volonte 
cfe V. M. ont une faculte prophetlque qui leur infpire 
qu'il ne leur manquera point cie fucccfTeur. en Angle^ 
terre, d?s perfonnes royales que le parlement a deja 
nomme. Pour fiioys je ne vivrai pas aflfez longtems 
pour en voir I'iflue ; mais tant que je ppurrois rcfpirer 
fe ferai devouee, avec tons les miens, au fervice de V. 
lyl. pour m'attirer la continuation de I'honneur de fes 
bonnes graces, et qu'elle me puiffe conter toujouEs 



De V. M. 

La tres humble et tres obeiflanfe fervante, 



' T is fo great an advantage for me to fee myfelf ho- 
noured with marks of your majefly's goodnefs, that 
I prefume to take the liberty to teftify to you my hum- ' 
ble gratitude for it. The chevalier Colt has told me^ 
B 3 very' 


very particularly the obligation which I am under to 
you. I am apt to believe that thofe perfo^is who act 
contrary to your majefly's intentions, have a propheti- 
cal faculty which gives them the infpiration that there 
•will not be wanting a fucceffor in England, from amongft 
thofe royal perfons whom the parliament has already 
named. As for me, I fhall not live long enough to fee 
the iffae : but as long as I breathe, I and all mine (hall 
be devoted to the fervice of your majetly, in order to 
driw to me the continuation of the honour of your good 
graces, and that you mav ahvays count upon me for, 
S I R, ' 

Your Majefly's 
moft humble and moll obedient fervant, 


In the fame cheH: there is a letter from the Princefa 
Sophia to King William upon his elevation to the 
throne; the tendernefs of which, to an unfortunate 
though guilty prince, dees honour to her memory. 

TTi? PriKcefs Sophia io King JVillir.m upon his elevation tty 
the throne — her icy — her pity for King yames- — her at' 
iackment to the Protejiant religion, 


APRES la profeffion que j'ay toujours faite d'etre 
une tres humble fervante de Votre Aiajefie, je 
crois qu'elle ne fcauroit douter de la part que je prens 
en tons ce qui contribue a fon elevation et a fa gloire : 
ce n'eft pas que je ne plaigne le Roy Jaq.ue, qui m'hon- 
noroit de fon amite. Je craindrois que Votre Majefle 
auroit mechante opinion de ma fincerite fi je luy cachois 
ce fentiment, Je fuis meme perfuade que ma franchife 
VOL'S dcnnera melieure opinion de moy ; et que Y. M. 
croira plus facilement Ja proteftation que je luy fait de 
mes voeiix peer fa profperite, et de I'opinion qtjej'ay 
qu'elle merite la courcnne qu'elle porte, par mille en- 
droits que je ne veus nommer de peur de chequer fa 



modeflie. Cependant, comme il a plut a Dieu de faire 
Votre Majefte le protecleur de notre religion, j'efpere 
qu'il la mettra aufli dans un etat a avoir les bras libre, 
pour pouvoir aflifler nos autres pauvres mcrtels, qui 
aprochons, par la defolation de nos voifins, de la bete 
mugifante qui tache a nous devorer, afin que tous ceux 
qui ne font pas papiftes puiffent par fucceflion 
maintenir la religion jufqu'en eternite en Angleterre et 
ailleurs, dont nous faflbns profeffion, et que V. M. me 
puifle center parmy une des plus zelees, qui fera tout 
fa vie, 


De Votre Majefle, 
La tres humble et tres obeiflante fervante, 

" Tranjlation. 


AFTER the profeffion which I have always made 
of being an humble fervant to Your Majefty, I 
believe you cannot doubt of the part which I take in 
every thing that contributes to your eVevation and your 
glory : yet I lament King James, who honoured me 
with his friendlhip. I Ciould be afraid that Your Ma- 
jefty would have a bad opinion of my fincerity if I con- 
cealed from you this fentiment. I am even perfuaded 
that my candour will give you a better opinion of me, 
and that your Majefty will the more eafily believe the 
proteftation which I make you of my prayers for your 
profper.ity, and of the opinion I have, that you deferve 
the crown which you wear, in a thoufand refpefls 
which I am unable to name, from the fear of fliocking^ 
your modefty. However, as it has pleafed God to 
make Your Majefty the protedor of our religion, I 
hope you will put it alfo in a ftate to have its arms free, 
to aflift us poor mortals, who, by the defolation of our 
neighbours, are near to that roaring beaft which endea- 
B 4 vours 


vours to devour us, in order that all thofe who are not 
papifts may fucceflively maintain the religion we profefs 
to ail eternity, in England and elfewhere ; and that 
Your Majefty may count among the moft zealous, one 
who fliall be all her life, 

Your Majefty's 
, moft humble and mufl: obedient fervant, 



IN King William's chefl: are the difpatches of the 
duke of Schomberg, in Ireland, to King William. 
I print the following ones becaufe they paint in lively 
colours the flate of the army in that country, clear 
Schomberg of the imputation of inactivity, which has 
been unjuillv thrown upon him, and do honour to the 
talents of a man who wrote with the elegant fimplicity 
of Caefar, and to whofe reputation and condu6l, next 
to thofe of King William, the Enghfti nation owes the 

Part of a letter from the Duke of Schomberg to King WiU 
Ham, — Things not in order. 

Heyleek, 9 Aouft, 1689. 

LES vaifleaux de vivres defiines pour Londonderry 
et pour Kirck n'ont pu panirque ce matin. Ce 
qui caufe bien de I'ambaras eft, qu*il ny a pas d'ordre 
icy de I'amiraute, pour les vivres des vaifteaux de 
guerre, qui font prefque finis ; il a falu en prendre des 

Jay ete force de faire donner prefque a touft les regi- 
ments cinq centt moufquets ©u fufils, tant parce que 



*es nouveauxfoldatsles rompent, que parce qu'Hs font 
afles mal fails, et fort vieils, et que peutetre fieur Henry 
Shells, qui en a eu l'infpcQ:ion, peut avoir pris des 
prefents pour recevpir de mechantes armes. 


Heyleek, 9 Aug. 1 6^9. 

THE veflels vit^ provinons intended for London- 
derry and for Kirck could not fail till this morn- 
ing. It caufes much embarraflrnent that there is no 
order of the admiralty here for provlfions for the fliips 
of war. Their provifions are almoft finifhed ; they 
have been obliged to take fome of ours, 

I have been forced to give five hundred mufkets to 
almoft every regiment, both becaufe the new foldiers 
break them, and becaufe they are ill enough made, an^ 
very old, and becaufe perhaps Mr. Henry Shales, who 
had the infpeQ:ion of them, may have taken prefents to 
receive bad arms. 

part of a letter from Duke Schomberg to King William^, 
•■^-Dif agreement among officers. 

Carickuergus, le 26 Aouft, 1689* 

JE ne puis pas pafler fous filence que Meflrs. Goulon, 
et Cambon m'ont donne beaucoup de peine. II fe 
trouve que le premier eft un peu brutal, et que le der- 
nier eft chicanneur fur fes mathematiques ; a cela ce 
joint une ancienne rancune, qu'ils ont I'un contre I'autre 
depuis Holande. Je les ay pourtant un peu prefTe de 
demeurer a, leur devoir, et que ce qu'on ne leur fouffri- 
roit pas en France, ou ils ont fervy, je ne leur foufFri- 
rois pas aufll icy. Cambon m'ayant dit, qu'il ne vou- 
loit par fervir d'ingenieur, je lui ay repondu, qu'on fe 
pourroit pafier de luy, aufly bien que d'etre colonel d'un 
regiment Francois ; et s'il ne fe tenoit point en fen de=, j'en avertirois V. Mte. 



Carickfergus, 26 Aug. 1689^ 

I CANNOT pafs over in filence that Meffrs. Goulon 
.. and Cambon have given me a great deal of pain. 
The firft is a little brutal, and the lail is a mathematical 
chicaner ; befides, there has been an ancient grudge be- 
tween them fince they were in Holland. I have howevep 
prefled them a little to keep within their duty ; telling 
them that I would not fufFer them to do there, what 
they would not be fuffered to do in France, where they 
have ferved. Cambon having told me, that he did not 
like to ferve as an engineer, I anfwered,, that we could 
do without him in that ftation, as well as in that of hia 
being colonel of a French regiment ; and that if he did 
not do his duty, I fhould inform Your Majefty of it. 

J*art of Duke Schomberg's. letter to King JVilliam — '-The 
burthen of every thing lies on him. 

Caricfergus, du 27 Aouft, 1689. 
E croy qu'il faudra laiffer icy Sir Henry Ingkfby 
avec fon regiment, qui n'efl pas des meilleurs. 
J'avois eu quelque defTein de le faire brigadier ; mais 
j'ai trouve qu'il y a trop long tems qu'il eft hors 
(d'aftion. J'ay fait fervir dans ce fiege Mr. de la Me-. 
loniere comme brigadier : nous aurions befoin encore 
de quelques autres ; mais je n'en voy point dans cett 
armee icy. On m'a dit que dans les. regiments qui font 
avec Kirck, le colonel Stwart pouroit y etre propre. 
Voire Mte. me mandera fur tous les deux fa volonte ; 
car jufques icy, il a falu avoir tout le foin des vivres, 
des vaiffeaux, de I'artillerie, de la cavallerie, de tous 
les payements, et de tout le detail de I'attaque de la- 
place. Si on venoit plus pres d'un ennemy, on auroit 
peine dc fournira tout cela ; les officiers d'artillerie font 
ignorans, parefTeux, et craintifs. Je decouvre que dans 
cett artillerie il y a beaucoup de tromperie : les bombes 
mal charges, les canons d'une mechante fonte, les 
aymes mal faites;, et bien d'autres chofes, qui font trop, 



longues a dire a V. Mte. a quoi je croy que Sieur Henry 
Shell a beaucoup contribue ; car jafques aux mineurs., 
on ne les a pas pu attacher a la muraille; un officier et 
quatre foldats Francois I'ont entrepris, et en font venus 
about, dont trois ont ete bleffes par nos gens. 

J'ay fait faire la charge de quartier maitre general a 
Sieur deCanabon; nous n'en avons pas de meilleur icy 
pour cela. 

Jufques icy les cheveaux et le bagage de nos officiers 
n*eft point arrive ; cela nous ambarraflera un peu pour 
^vancer au de la deBelfafl:. 


Carickfergus, 27 Aug. i689« 
BELIEVE I muil leave Sir Henry Inglcfby, who is 
none of the beft here, with his regiment. I had 
fome thoughts of making him a brigadier ; but I found 
that it is too long fince he was in action. I made Mon- 
fleur de la Meloniere ferve as brigadier in this Cege. 
V/e have need of ftill more, but 1 fee none in this army. 
I have been told, that in the regiments which are with 
Kirk, colonel Stewart may be a proper man : for hi- 
therto I have been obliged to take upon me all the bur- 
den of the provifions, the VeiTels, the artillery, the 
cavalry, all the payments, and all the detail of the 
attack of the place. If we came nearer the enemy, 
we fnould have difficulty to furnifh officers for all thefe 
duties. The officers of artillery are ignorant, lazy, 
and timorous. I difcover that in the artillery there has 
been a great deal of roguery : the bombs ill charged, 
the cannon ill cafl:, the arms ill made, and many other 
things too long to tell Your Majefty ; to which, I be- 
lieve Mr- Henry Shales has contributed much ; for 
even the miners could not be got to fix themfelves to 
Xht walls : an officer and four French foldiers did it, 
and fucceeded : thr^e of them were wounded by our 
owji people. 

I have 


zB A P P E N D I X, 

I have given the charge of quarter mafter general to 
Mr. Caa.bon. We have no better here to employ. 

The horfes and the of5cers baggage are not as yet 
arrived, which will embarrafs us in going beyond Bel- 


Duke of Schomberg to King William.—' — Pofttion of the 
annies.-'^-^Complaints of the new army* 

A Dundalk, le 20 Sept. 1689. 

VOTRE Majefte recevra par Mr. de Sgravemour 
deux de mes memoires, et s'il court la pofte, elle 
fera encore mieux informee par luy. Depuis quatre 
jours qu'il eft party, il ne s'eft rien paflee de confidera- 
ble. On a fourage a la veiie de la garde des ennemys, 
cela n'efl pas fort difEcile a faire, puifque ce eft un pays 
traverfe de petit marets, les chemins et les champs ren- 
fermes par des pierres et de la terre. Je ne fcay fi cela 
eft la^caufe que ics ennemys n'ont pas avance depuis 
quatre jours : je croy qu'il eft difficile d'en venir a une 
baraille en ce pays icy, quoy qu'ils ayent une armee a ce 
qu'on pent voir fort etendiie. 

Je ne yoys pas que de notre cote nous devions auflt. 
rien hazarder Nous avons une petite riviere devant 
noi;s, et eux une. Etant atler ce matin trouver le 
comte de Schonberg, qui etoit afles proche des vedettes 
des ennemys, nous avons veu avancer un gros de caval- 
lerie, qui ne nrarchoient point en efcadron, q^ui nous a 
paru etre le Roy Jaques, ou divers officiers generaux. 
lis ont dela pu voir notre camp ; mais je croi que ce qui 
leur aura le plus depleu eft, qu'ils ont veu arriver onze 
vaiffeaux a la rade de Dundalk, par ou ils auront pu 
iuger qu'ils auront peine a nous aft'amir icy, comme ils 
I'efperoient. II eft difficile de juger ce qu'ils entrepren- 
dront, apres avoir campe cinque jours a deux mille de 
cett armee, avec un fi grand nombre du monde qu'ils 
ont ramaffe de tous c6tes, et fait courir le bruit qu'ils 
venoient nous attaquer. II y en a qui croyent a prefenfe 


* A ^ ^ £: N b 1 X, 29 

^ue c'eft pour detruire et manger tous les fourages entre 
tette place et Drogheda, pour nous empecher d'en 
pouvoir en fuitte approcher avec notre armee. Cela 
he lailTera pas de nous embaraffer, et il fembleroit par 
la, que s'ils demeuroient deriere Drogheda, ou ils 
trouveront de fourage et des vivres, ils nous tiendront 
arreftes, fans beaucoup pouvoir avancer ; et d'autant 
plus que Mr. Shals ne nous a pas ehcore envoye les 
chevaUx, ni les chariots pour porter nos vivres. Il nous 
manque memeunepartie deschevauxde I'artillerye et des 
tquipages d'officiers, comme aufll des officiers Francois 
de cavallerie, qui attend il y a long terns pour pafler. 
Cependant la faifon s'avance pour camper fous deS 
tentes, et cela deviendra dans un mois aflez dificile. 

Deux cavailiers des ennemys, qui vienneht de fe 
irendre, difeht, qu'ils ont rencontre cinq de nos foldats, 
qui alloient aux ennemys. Par les habillements, je 
juge c'eft de My lord Mee. On dit que les ennemys 
font afluree de deux de nos regiments, iet que il nous en 
approchons, il s'iront rendre. S'ils pretendent nous 
afFamir ce ne fera pas a I'egard des hommes, nos vaif- 
feaux etant arrives dans cette baye ; mais ce fera nos 
chevaux, pour lefquel on fe trouvera indubitablement 
dans un grand embaras. Ce matin un party des ennemys 
ell venu aiTes preft de la garde ; un detachement de 
vint-cinque dragons les ont repouffe, et leur ont lue un 
homme et un cheval. Ils font fort au guet pour voir fi 
nous fourageons de leur cote. Le regiment de dragons 
de Lu9on eft celui qui fert le mieux icy. Les troupes 
d'Ini(killing, qui font en partie arrivees, paroilTent de 
bonne volonte ; et je croy qu'il y aura plus de fond a 
faire fur elles que fur les regiments ces Mylords Irlan- 
dois. Herbert eft aufli arrive, nous aliens travailier 
avec luy pobr etablir un paye pour ces troupes d'Jnilkil- - 
ling. II vaudroit mieux cafler quelques regiments de 
ces nouvfclles leves d'Anglererre, dont je viens de parier, 
et conferver tous les Inifl^-illings. j'efpere que leurs 
habits viendront bientot, ils paroitront beaucoup mieux. 
Ih me paroiffent tous fort adrcits a tirer, s'ils avoicnt 



des fufils. Ce que nous manquons le plus dans cette 
armee font des fouliers et des fers de chevaux. Je 
fouhaitro'is que les troupes de Dannemark et celles que 
Voire Majeft^ a crdonne qu'ils vinflent d'Ecoffe fufTent 
arrivees. Avec cela nous nous aprocherions fort pres 
d'eux. II ny a pas un officier dc tout la cavallerie ca- 
pable d'etre employe comme brigadier ; cependant le 
Comt de Schonbefg auroit befoin d'en avoir un de quel- 
que conduite, pour en etre foulage. Si Sir Jean Lanyer 
vient, il poura en etre ayde dans I'infanterie. On a ete 
obligee pour tenir quelque ordre d'en etablir quatre, 
fcavoir, Sir Henry Belys, la Melonniere, Stuard, et Sir 
Jean Efhuard. 

Il faut aufli faire fouvenlr Voire Majefte d'un article 
que j'ay mis dans mon memoire, de Robert Broadnax, 
major du regiment dc Mylord de la Mer ; ce regiment 
deperit entierement ; et le major n'efl: pas digne de le 
commandir, comme le Sieur de Sgravemour le poura 
dire a V. Mte. qui I'a connu en HoUande. J'ay cru 
qu'il etoit bon d'envoyer a V. Mte. un petit papier, 
ou elle verra les officiers que Mylord de la Mer luy a 
mande de remplacer au lieu de ceux qui manquent. Je 
tacherai de voir 11 dcmain je puis perluader le dit 
Broadnax de s'en aller trouver le fieur Blathuet, pour 
faire luy meme fes propofitions ; et je croy qu'il fera 
bon qu'il ne rcturne plus. II y a bien encore d'autres 
officiers que je voudrois qu'ils fuffenjt en Anglefirre. Je 
n'en ay jamais veu de plus mechants et de plus inte- 
reffes : tout le foin des colonels n'eft que de vivre de 
leurs regiments, fans aucun autre application. 

Duke of Schomherg to King lVillia?n. 

Dundalk, 20th Sept. i6Sg. 

YOUR Majefty will receive by Monfieur Sgrave- 
mour two of my memorials, and if he takes pofl, 
you will get ftill better information from him. Since he. 


A P t^ E N D I X. 31 

went from this, which is four days ago> nothing Confi- 
derable has pafled- We have foraged in the view of the 
enemies guard, which is not difficult, becaufe the 
country Is cut with Httle bogs, and the roads and fields 
inclofed with ftones. I don't know if this is the reafon 
why the enemy have not advanced thefe four days. I 
believe it is difficult to come to a battle in this country, 
although, according to what we fee, they have a very 
extended army. 

I do not fee why we fhould rife any thing on our 
fide. We have one little river before us, and they 
another. Having gone this morning to find Count 
Schomberg, who was pretty near the vedettes of the 
enemy, we faw a body of cavalry advance, which did 
not march in fquadron, and which appeared to us to be 
, 'King James, or feveral general officers. From thence 
they could fee our camp; but I believe the fight which 
has difpleafed them the moft, was the arrival of eleven 
veflels in the road of Dundalk, from whence they might 
fudge that they could fcarce ftarve us here, as they 
hoped to have done- It is difficult to judge what they 
will attempt, after having been encamped five days, 
within two miles of our army, with fo great a number 
of men, whom they have gathered from all parts, and 
fpread a report that they came to attack us. Some be- 
lieve that the intention of this is to deftroy and eat all 
the forage between this place and Drogheda, in order 
to prevent us from approaching it afterwards with our 
army. This would embarrafs us; and it would appear 
, by that, that if they fhould fix themfelves behind 
Drogheda, where they will find forage and provifions, 
they could flop us from advancing much farther, and 
the rather, becaufe Mr. Shales has not as yet fent us 
horfes nor carts for carrying provifions. We even want 
a part of the horfes for the artillery and the baggage of 
the officers, and alfo the horfes of the officers of the 
French cavalry, which have been waiting a long time 
for a paflage. In the meantime, the feafon advances 



for encamping under tents, and that will be difficult 
enough in a month. 

Two troopers of the enemy, who have furrendered, 
fay, that they met five of our foldiers going to the ene- 
my ; by the drefs I judge they are my lord Meath's 
men. They fay that the enemy are fare of two of our 
regiments, and that if we approach they will furrender. 
If they pretend to ftarve us, it will not be on account 
of the men, our veffels being arrived this day ; but of 
the horfes, for whofe maintainance we are under great 
cmbarrafsment. This morning a party of the enemy 
came pretty near the guard; a detachment of 2^ dra- 
goons drove them back, and killed a man and a horfe. 
They patrole much to fee if we forage upon their fide. 
The regiment of Lucon's dragoons ferves befl of any 
here. The Inifkilling troops appear to have good will 
to the fervice, and I believe one may depend more upon 
them than on the regiment of the Irifh lords. Harbord 
is arrived; I am going to work with him to eftablifh a 
pay for the Inilkilling troops. It would be better to 
bre^ak fome of thefe regiments newly raifed in England, 
of which I am fpeakingj and to keep all the Ini&iliners. 
I hope their clothes will come foon ; they will then 
appear much better. They appear to me to fire well if 
they had fufees, of which there is a want : what we 
w^ant moft in this army are fhoes for the men and horfes* 
I wifh that the Danifli troops and thofe which Your 
Majefty has ordered from Scotland were arrived ; with 
thefe we could approach very near the enemy. There 
is not an officer of all the cavalry capable of being em- 
ployed as a brigadier ; yet count Schomberg will have 
need of one of fome condu61: to relieve himfelf. If fir 
John Lanyer comes, he will get his afliftance. In the 
infantry, we have been obliged, in order to preferve 
fome order, to eftablifli four, viz. fir Plenry Bellafis, la 
Melonnier, Stewart, and fir John Stewart. 

I muft alfo remind Your Majefty of an article in my 
memorial, relating to Robert Broadnax, major of lord 
de la Mer's regiment. This regiment is entirely wafted 



away, and the major is unworthy of commanding it, 
as Monfieur Sgravemour, who knew him in Holland, 
can tell Your Majefty, I thought it right to fend Your 
Majefty a fmall paper, where you will fee the officers 
whom lord de la Mer has ordered to fucceed upon va- 
cancies. I ihall endeavour to-morrow to perluade 
Broadnax to go to Mr. Blaithwait and make his propo- 
fals ; and I believe it will be right that he fhould not 
return. There are many other officers whom I could 
wifh in England. I never faw more wicked and more 
interefted. All the care of the colonels is to live by 
their regiments, without applying to any other thing. 


Duke of Schomberg to King William. Treachery in. 


21 Septembre. 

CE matin quelques efcadrons des ennemys ont paru 
proche de ce camp, un marais entre deux, et en- 
fuitte trois ou quatre regiments d'infanterie, dont nous 
avons veiie les drapeaux, et par leur cris nous avons 
juge que le Roy Jaques paffoit devant leur battaillons. 
Ces troupes la ont demeure a notre veiie fur un coteau 
jufques a deux heurs apres midy, qu'elles ont com- 
mence a fe retirer- Je croy que dans tons ces mouve- 
mentsla, il y a quelques defleins pour tacher d'attirer 
quelques deferteurs de notre armee, ayant fait jetter 
meme quantite de billets imprimes, Anglois et Fran- 
9ois. Cela m'a oblige d'examiner de plus pres les regis, 
d'infantrie Fran9ois, et y ay trouvez que la plupart des 
recriies qu'on a fait des deferteurs du cote de Bruxelles 
et Frankfort etoient des papiftes, et que parmy eux il 
s'en eft trouvez un qui a ete capitaine de cavallerie en 
France, le quel avoit ecrit une lettre a Roy Jaques et 
une a Mr. d'Avaux, qu'on a trouve entre les mains d'un 
tambour, qui les devoit porter. Leur proces fera fait 
demain. Apres avoir decouvert cela, et qu'il y avoit 
dans ces regimts. quantite de papiftes qui avoient cache 
Vol. III. C leur 



leur religion, j'en ay fait arrefter la nuift paflee plus de 
cent vingt, que j 'ay fait conduire a Carlingfort, pour 
les mettre dans les vaifleaux de guerre, qui doivent 
returner a Heyleck, et ay ecrit au gouverneur de 
Chefter de les garder furement, jufque a ce que Votre 
Majefte en difpofe ; ils meriteroient qu'on les envoyaft 
aux Indes, comme ils ont envoye les proteftants en 
Amerique. Non obftant ce retranchement et cette exa- 
inination, les bataillons ne laiflent pas encore d'etre plus 
forts que ceux des Anglois. 


2 1 ft September. 

THIS morning rome fquadrons of the enemy ap^ 
peared near this camp, a bog being betwixt us> 
and then three or four regiments of the infantry, whofe 
colours we faw, and judged by their cries that King 
James was pafling before their battalions- Thefe troops 
remained in our view upon a coteau till two hours after 
fnid'day, when they began to retire. I believe that all 
fhefe movements are intended to draw fome deferters 
from our army ; they having fpread about a quantity of 
Englilh and French printed billets. This has obliged 
me to examine more narrowly the regiments of French 
infantry, and I find that the greater part of the recruits^ 
•which were drawn from deferters about Bruffels and 
Francfort, were papifts ; and amongfl: them there was 
found one who had been a captain of cavalry in France. 
This man had written a letter to King James, and ano- 
ther to Monfieur d'Avaux, which were found in the 
hands of a drummer, who was to deliver them. They 
^ill be tried to-morrow. Upon difcovering this, and 
that there were in thefe regiments many papifts,whohad 
concealed their religion, I eaufed to be arrefted above an 
hundred and twenty of them lafl night, whom I ordered 
to be conduded to Carlingford to be put on board the 
(hips of war which are returning to Heyleck ; and have 
v.-.trcr: to th-^ governor of Ghefler to guard them 



fl:ri6tly, till your Majefty {hall difpofe of them- They 
deferve to be fent to the Weft Indies as they fent the 
proteftants to America. Notwithftanding this lofs and 
this examination, the battalions are ftill ftronger than 
thofeof the Englifh. 

Duke of Schomberg to King IVdliam,—— '-'State of the 
two armies, 

Le 27 Septembre. 

MR. Shals etant enfin arrive a Carlingfort, Mr, 
Herbert et moi avons ete d'avis d'attendrc que 
nous le vifllons parler pour fcavoir ce qu'il a amene, 
L'on a ete avant hyer au fourage fans que les ennemys 
ayent parO ; mais hyer ils font venus avec leur cavallerie 
ct quelque infantrie bfufler le fourage qui reftoit entre 
eux et nous, fur leur droit tirant vers la mer. J'ay 
evite de faire ce fourage, aprehendant que toute leur 
cavallerie ne ine tombaft fur les bras, pendant que t©us 
nos fourageurs feroieht epars dans la campagne. lis 
I'ont meme bruflejufque affez proche de leur camp, et: 
deux ou trois petits villages entre eux et nous, par ce: 
qu'onpeut apprendre de deux rendus. Ils ont aufH leut 
manquements. Le pain ne fe pent pas donnef regu- 
lierement dans leur armee a tant de peuple ramaffe, qui 
a cru qu'on en viendroit d'abord icy a une bataille. On 
ne peut pas bien conter fur tout cela, puifque d'un autre 
cote, ces peuple ramaffe vivent encore de quelque 
betail, et bruflent la paille ou eft le grain, le quel par 
la fe dourcit et en font de la farine, et enfuite dea 
gallettes a la mode du pays. Nos manquements jufque 
icy font en habits et en fouliers> ce que je croy contribue 
autant a la maladie des foldats, que la bierre nouvelle a 
quoy contribue grandement le pcu de foin de leurs 
colonels, quoique je leurs en parJe fouvent, Cela m'a 
fait juger a propos de faire une reveue a toute I'armee, 
a fin que Mr. Herbort puifle payer la delTus, J'en en- 
Voyeray I'etat a votre Majefte, 

C a Cc 


Ce que je puis juger de I'etat de I'ennemle, eft que 
le Roi Jacques ayant ramafle en ce royaume tout ce 
qu'il a pu, vaudroit bien en venir aune bataille 
avant que fes troupes fe puflent difliper parla mau- 
vais faifon dans laquelle nous allons entrer. Pour 
cela il me femble que nous devons tenir bride en main 
icy, fi Votre Majefte I'approuve ainfy, puifque il nous 
doit encore arriver des troupes d'Ecofle et ceux de Dan- 
nemark meme ; et le meme raifon qui empeche les en- 
nemys de pouvoir m'obliger a une bataille, puifqu'il 
faut qu'i'iS viennent a moi, par deux ou trois grands 
chemins feulement, le refte etant entrecoupe de ma- 
raisj m'empeche aufly d'aller a eux, ayant une petite 
riviere et quelques montagnes devant eux. Si neanmoins 
ils I'opiniatrent de demeurer en ce pofte, le fourage 
pour la cavallerie pourra nous manquef ; en ce cas je 
feray oblige d'en envoyer la plus grande part a vingt 
milles d'icy, du cofte de Charlemont, que je pourray 
faire ailieger en meme temps, pour n'avoir rien deriere 
nous qui nous incommode, et en me retranchant un peu 
miei3X que je ne le fuis encore, je pourray bien de- 
meurer en ce camp icy, fans que les ennemys m'y puif- 
fent for9er. 

L'armee du Roy Jacques s'etant veneiie prefenter 
diverfes fois affez proche de ce camp, femble avoir eu 
quelque efperance que quelques troupes pouroient plus 
facilement s'aller rendre aluy, j'ay eu quelque foup^on 
du regt. de My lord Mee, parcequ'ils s'etoient alles 
rendre quelques foldats les nuits auparavant- Pour 
m'oter cette inquietude, le Colonel Wfley m'a propofe 
d'envoyer ce regimt. a Inifkilling, et de faire venir un 
regiment de la en fa place. 


27th September. 
'R. Shales having at lafl: arrived at Carlingford, 
Mr. Harbord and I thought it befl to wait till 
we faw him, to know what he had brought. The day 



before yefterday we foraged without the enemy appear- 
ing ; but yefterday they came with their cavalry to 
burn the forage that was left between them and us, 
drawing towards the fea upon their right, I avoided 
foraging, left all their cavalry might fall upon us 
whilft the foragers were fcattered in the country. They 
have burnt even pretty near their camp, and two or 
three little villages, as we have learnt from two who 
furrendered. They alfo have their wants. They are 
not able to give bread regularly in their army to (o 
many people gathered together, who thought that im- 
mediately there would have been a battle. However 
we cannot count upon all this, fince on the other hand 
this collection of people have ftill fome cattle to live 
upon, and burn the ftraw in which the grain is, by 
which it becomes hard, and corn is made of it, and 
then they make it into a bread, according to the cuftom 
of the country. Our wants hitherto are in clothes 
and Ihoes, which I believe contributes as much to the 
maladies among the foldiers, as the new beer, of which 
there is indeed but little, owing greatly to the little care 
which their colonels take, although I often fpeak ta 
them of it. This makes me think it right to make a 
review of all the army, in order that Mr. Harbord may 
pay on that footing. I will fend the ftate to Your Ma- 

So far as I can judge from the ftate of the enemy, 
and King James's having colledled here all the force 
that he could in this kingdom, he wants to come to a 
battle before the troops feparate, on account of the 
bad feafon, which will foon begin ; for this reafon it 
appears to me, that we fticuld lie here upon the defen- 
fiye, if your Majefty approves of it, fince there are 
troops to arrive from Scotland and Denmark ; and the 
£ame reafon which hinders the enemy from forcing me 
to u battle, fince they can only come to me by two or 
three great roads, the reft being cut with bogs, hinders 
me from going to them, who have befides a little river, 
and fome mountains before them : however, if they 

C 3 perfift. 


perfift in continuing in this poft, forage for cavalry may- 
fail us ; in that cafe I Ihall be obliged to fend the 
greateft part twenty miles from this, towards Charle- 
moht, which I may caufe to he befieged at the fame 
time, in order to haye nothing behind that can incom- 
mode us J and in entrenching myfelf a little better than 
I am, I can continue in this camp, without the enemy 
being able to force me. 

King James's army having prefented itfelf feveral 
times near this camp, appears to have had fome hopes 
of facilitating the defertion of fome troops. I had 
fome fufpicion of my lord Meath's regiment, becaufe 
they had permitted fome foldlers to defert fome nights 
"before. To remove this uneafjnefs, colonel Woofley 
has propofed to me to fend this regiment to Inifkilling, 
and to bring another from thence in its place. 

Vart of a letter from Duke Schojnherg to King TVilUam.—-'^ 
Rtafons for his not fghting. 

A Dundalk, le 3me OSobre, 1689. 

3E fuis de I'opinion de V. M. que I'armee ennemye 
ne nous attaquera pas icy ; mais il ne fsra pas moius 
dificile, que nous la puilHons attaquer dans le pofte 
oii clle eft. Elle eft campee ende9a d'Atherdee a une 
iieue de nous, une petite riviere devant elle. A trois 
ou quatre gues, qu'il y a, ils ont fait des retranche- 
ments ; et je ne doute pas, comme V. M. le dit dans 
jfa lettre, que leur deftein eft de couvrir Dublin, et que 
le manque de fourage nous obligera de reculer. Quand 
je n'auray que I'infantrie feule avec moy, ils ne pou- 
ront pas me faire fortir d'icy ; mais je feray oblige, 
dans peu de jours, d'envpyerla plus part de la cavallerie, 
qui n'eft pas en grand nombre, dans le comtede Downe, 
d'ou, en deux petites journecs, on la peut toiijours 
avoir icy ; et comme il y a un gue au deflus de Carling- 
ford, on peut meme I'avoir en moins de terns. Les 
chevaux, par le couvert qu'ils y trouveront, fe confer- 
Veront un peu mieux qu'icy : les officiers en prenant, 



outre cela, peu de foin, laiffant toujours aller leuFS ca- 
valiers a toute bride, at ne fcavent pas fourager, ny 
faire des trouffes, ce qui a ete caufe que nous n'avons 
jamais pu faire de provifions plus que pour deux jours. 

Pour ce qui eft de pouvoir marcher aux ennemysj 
Jufques icy cela ne s'eft' pas pu faire, n.'ayant pas eu 
un feul chariot pour porter des vivres : et quant au 
chemin qu'il faudra tenir, touftes gens du pays pou- 
ront dire a V. M. q^u'on eft toujoujrs oblige de defiler 
par un grand chemin, des marets a droit et a gauche : 
il ne s'eft jamais veu un tel. pays : et pourpouvoir aller 
Jijfques a Nauan, que V. M. verra fur la carte, il faut 
faire un fort grand tour, et les ennemys, en deux pe- 
tites journees de marche, y arrlveront deux jours de- 
vant nous. Par la gauche on ne peut point marcher 
que le long de lamer; mais lesennemys n'auront qu'a 
defcendre le long de leur dviercj pour nous en empecher 
le pafTage, 

II y a dans cettarmee environ mille malades, com- 
pris quelques blefles, qu'on a laifle a, Belfaft : lis com- 
atiencent a en revenir, et il en meurt peu, 

J'ay peine a croire que lesennemys n'ayent aufly des 
noakdes, et qu'il ne leur coute plus de peine a porter 
leur vivres de Dublin, que nous de les tirer des vaif- 
feaux, qui font icy proche, et a conferver {es troupes 
avec la monoie de cuivre, pendant quecejle deV. Mte. 
eft bien payee. Votre Mte. mande qu'elle envpy^e 
quelques troupes d'Ecofle ; pendant que qelles la arri- 
vcront, peutetre celles de r)annemarck vjendront-elles. 
Par la on hazarderoit moins en leur donnant une ba- 
taille, et la guerre s'en finiroit plus furement. Ce 
n'eft peutetre pas I'opinion du confeil des commites 
d'Irlande, ny de quelques perfonnes de Londre, qui 
croyent qu'il ny a que donner battaille pour la gagner. 

Monfieur Herbert s'eft charge d'envoyer a V, Mte la 
revile que j'ay fait faire depuis deux jours de I'armee 
de V. Mte. Elle y paroitra plus nombreufe quelle 
n'eft, les colonels etants fort habiles . en matiere .de 

C 4 Quoyquc 


Quoyque les troupes d'lnifkilling ne paroiflent pas, 
a caufe de leures habits ; elles font neanmoins afles vi- 
goureufes : elles ont defFait quelques troupes des en- 
nemys du cote de Boyle et Jameftoun. Ce fera aufli Mr. 
Herbert, qui rendra compte a Votre Majefte du traite 
que nous avons fait avec eux j mais il me femble qu'ils 
ne s'en contentent pas, pretendans ne pouvoir fervir a 
ce petit prix, ainfy que V. Mte verra par un ecrit qu'ils 
m'ont donne en prefence du fieur Herbort, le quel s'eft 
charge de luy envoyer. J'ay donne le regimt. de Nor- 
folk a Mr. Bellafis, ainfi que V. M. me I'a ordonnee. 
Le lieutenant-colonel, qui eft un jeune homme, de ce 
nom, fe plaint fort : je I'ay exhorte de ne pas quitter, 
et que V. M. feroif quelques chofe pour luy dans les 
premieres occafions. 

Je dis hyer a My lord Methe, que j'avols eu ordre 
cxpres de V. M. de donner les regiments a ceux, que 
je croirois les mieux apliques au fervice, quand je ver- 
rois que leurs colonels les negligent. 


Dundalk, 3d Odober, i68g. 
A M of your Majefty's opinion, that the enemy's 
army will not attack us here ; but it will not be 
lefs difficult for us to attack them in the poft they are 
in. They are encamped on this fide Atherdee, at a league 
diftance from us, with a little river on their front. At 
three or four fords which the river has, they have caft 
up entrenchments \ and I do not doubt, as your Ma- 
}t^j fays in your letter, that their defign is to cover 
Dublin, and that the want of forage will oblige us to 
fall back. \{ I had nothing but infantry with me, 
they could not force me from hence ; but in a {tvi days 
I fhall be obliged to fend the greateft part of my cavalry, 
which is not numerous, into the county of Down ; from 
whence, in two days, I can always bring them here ; 
and as there is a ford above Carlingford, I can have 
them even in lefs time. The horfes, by the cover 



which they will find there, will be better preferved than 
here ; befides, the officers take little care of them here, 
allowing their troopers to go at full gallop ; and know- 
ing nothing of the way of foraging or of making 
trufies. This has been the occafion of our never hav- 
ing had provifions for above two days. 

With regard to our marching to the enemy, that could, 
not be done hitherto, as we had not a fingle cart to 
carry provifions ; and as for the roads, all the people of 
the country can tell Your Majefty, that we ihould be 
obliged to defile through a great road, with bogs to right 
and left : fuch a country was never feen. And as for 
going to Navan, which Your Majefty will fee in the 
map, we fhould be obliged to make a great tour ; and 
the enemy, in two Ihort days march, would be there 
before us. By the left we can march only along the 
f-a i but the enemy would have nothing to do but to 
come down along the river to flop our paflage. 

There are in this army about a thoufand fick, com- 
prehending fome wounded men, left at Belfaft : thefe 
begin to come back from thence, and few of them die, 

I have difficulty to believe that the enemy have not 
fick alfo, and that it does not give them more trouble to 
carry their provifions from Dublin, than for us to receive 
them from our veflels, which are at hand, and to keep 
their troops together with copper money, while Your 
Majefty 's are well paid. Your Majefty intimates that 
you are fending fome troops from Scotland : whilft 
thefe are on their way, perhaps thofe from Denmark 
may come too. In that cafe there would be lefs hazard 
in giving battle, and the war would be finiftied with 
Jefs rifk. This perhaps is not the opinion of the com- 
mittee for Irifh aff'airs, nor of fome perfons in London, 
who believe that one has only to give battle to win it. 

Mr. Harbord has engaged to fend Your Majefty a re- 
view of the army which I made two days ago ; by that 
it will appear more numerous than it is, the colonels 
being very able at makuig up mufters. 




Although the lalfkilling troops do not appear, on 
account of their clothes, they have however a good 
deal of vigor. They have defeated fome troops of the 
enemy, on the fide of Boyle and Jameftown. Mr, 
Harbord will alfo give Your Majefty an account of the 
agreement we made with them j but it appears to me, 
that they are not contented with it, pretending they 
are not able to ferve upon fo fmall pay, as Your Ma- 
jefty will fee by a writing which they gave me in pre- 
fence of Mr. Harbord, who engaged to fend it to you. 
I gave the regiment of Norfolk to Mr. Bellafis, as 
Your Majefty ordered me. The Keutenant-colone}> 
•who is a young maa of the fame name, complains much. 
I exhorted him not to quit the fervice, for that Your 
Majefty would do fomething for him ot\ the firft occa- 

Yefterday I told my lord Meath., that I had an ex- 
prefs order from Your Majefty, to give the regiments 
to thofe who I believed gave the moft application to the 
fervice, when I faw that their colonels negle<9:ed them^ 

I)uke of Sehomherg to King JVilliam, — Reafom for ,n6t 

A Dundalk, le 6me 0<5tobre, 16890 

VOTRE Majefte ppura voir par le memoire que 
j'ay ecrit de ma main du quatre, que ces raifons 
la m'ont fait penfer a marcher vers la riviere du Shanon 5 
ce fera peutetrc encore le mcillcur de ce qu'on poura 
faire, aumoins que d'aller chercher les ennemys, et leur 
donner une battaille j car il me paroift que V. Mte. eft 
du fentiment que Ton les pouffe, avant quecett'armee 
deperifle par les maladies, ou que les fecours qu'ik 
pouroient efperer de France vienne. J'aurois fort envic 
de faire les chofes, pour les quelles V. Mte. montre 
plus de penchant, et j'aurois mar'che des demain ; mais 
comme V. Mte. aura veu, par les avis de officiers ge- 
neraur, que toute I'acmee eft fans fouliers, ct qu on 
Xit feroit pas deux journees de marche que la moitie 



demeurroit pied nud ; il faut attendre qu'il nous en 
yienne d'Angleterre, ou Mr. Herbert a envoye ; cela 
nous fait perdre roccafion de marcher en meme tems, 
|ur h droite, vers la riviere de Shanon, pendant que 
les ennemys I'eloignent de nous. Je laifle a part les 
autres difficultes, qu'il faudra tacher de furmonter Ic 
^lieux qu'on poura. J'en ay fait mention dans mon 
memoirc, qui font, que les chariots de v'vres ne font 
pas tous arrives, les chevaux de ceux qui le font, font 
meme en fort mechant etat. Shals dit qu'il a ete 
oblige de s'en fervir touftes jours a Chefter, n'en ayant 
pas pii trouver a loiier. J*a deja dit qu'il n'avoit 
aufli pris foin de faire ambarquer fix vingt chevaux de 
I'artilleriCj qui rcftent encore la, . 


Dundalk, 6th OSober, 1689, 

YOUR Majefty vi^ill fee by the memorial of my^ 
hand-writing of the 4th, reafons which made me 
think of marching to the river of Shannon, It will 
perhaps be the beft thing that can be done except feek- 
ing the enemy and giving them bstile. For it appears 
to me that Your Majefty is of opinion that we {hould 
pufli them before this arrny perifhes by difeafes, or the 
fuccours arrive which the enemy expedl from France. 
1 fhould defire much to do the things which Your Ma- 
jefty is fo eager for, and I would have marched to- 
morrow ; but as Your Majefty will fee by the opinion 
of the general officers, that all the army is without 
fhoes, and that it could not march two days without 
half of them being barefooted, it is neceflary to wait 
till ftioes corne from England where Mr. Harbord has 
fent for them. This has made us lofe the occafion of 
marching upon the right towards the river of Shannon, 
while the enemy are removing from us. I fpeak not 
of the other difficulties which it will be neceffarv to 
furmount the befl: that we can. I mentioned them in 
piy memorial. They are, That the provifion waggons 



are not all arrived, the horfes of thofe which are, ar« 
in a very bad ftate. Shales fays, that he was obliged 
to make ufe of them at Chefter, becaufe he could not 
find any to hire. I have already faid that he did not 
even take care tb embark one hundred and twenty ar- 
tillery horfes which are ftill left there. 

Duke of Schomberg to King Wtlliam. Cannot comply^ 

with the King's deftre that he Jhould fight. 

A Dundalk, le 8me Oao. 1689. 
jUANDje relisles deux dernieres lettres de V.Mte» 
des 2 et 6. O6lobre, je trouve qu'elle auroit envie 
qu*on pouflat Ics erinemys. Je lui ay deja mande que 
cela etoit difficile a faire, en un pays ou on ne peut 
aller a eux que par deux ou trois grands chemins, le 
refte etant partage par des marais et des montagnes ;, 
mais il y a encore d'autres circonftances a. reprefenter a 
Votre Majefle qui font que j'ay peine a commettre foti, 
arraee centre une autre, qui eft, comme toute le monde 
fcait, en ce pays icy au moins double en nombre de la. 
notre, d'ont une partie eft difciplinee et affes bien armee, 
et jufques icy mieu nourrie que la notre en pain, viande, 
et biere ; mais ce qu'il y a de plus facheux eft que les 
colonels qui ont nouvellement leve des regiments, et 
particulierement les Mylords Irlandois, n'ont regarde 
que avoir des gar9ons a bon marche. C'eft ce que j'ay 
bien preveu, lorfque on leu donna leur commiftions : 
ct j'en parlai dans le confeil des comitees d'Irlande a 
Votre Majefte, rnais I'avis de Mr. Halifax, fut plutot 
fuivy que le mien. Je ne parle point de fouliers, en 
ayant deja fait mention en tous mes memoires. Mais 
ii I'incapacite de ces officiers eft grande, leur inaplica- 
tion et leur pareffe I'eft encore d'avantage : Qj^ioyque 
la cavallerie ne foit pas (1 nouvellement levee, les offi- 
ciers ne prenent neanmoins point foin des chevaux de 
leurs cavaliers, et tous font fi acouteme il loger dans 
les cabarets, partout ou ils marchent, que cette maniere 
<J,e guerre les ettonne, Je fuis fache d'importuner 
■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ' V. M. 


V. M. de tous ces details ; mais je croy que c'eft mon 
devoir de Ten informer, afin qu'elle voye par la les 
raifons, pourquoy j'ay peine de me refoudre a decider 
de tout par une bataile. 

J'efpere qu'a tout heure cequi nous refte de chevaux 
d'artillerie, et de vivres, et les troupes Ecoflbifes arri- 
veront, et que les fouliers qui font achetes il y a plus 
de deux mois, fe retrouveront. Sans faire valoir mes 
fervices, n'y mettre en conte les chagrins que j'ay eu, 
ce n'a pas ete fans peine que je fuis venu icy, et d'y 
avoir pu demeurer prefque fans pain. II auroit ete bien 
dificile d'aller en avant fans aucun chariots de vivtes. 
Etcomme il y avoit un ruiffeau entre les enemys et nous, 
j'aurois peutetre ete oblige de faire un pas en arriere, 
qui auroit eu de mechantes fuites. 

A ce que Ton peut juger, les ennemys tachent de 
confommer et brufler tout le fourage qui eft autour 
d'eux, et qu'ils continueront de faire de meme jufque 
aupres de Drogheda. 


Dundalk, 8th Oaober, 1689. 

WHEN I read over again Your Majefty's two laft 
letters of the 2d and 6th 0£lober, I find you 
have a defire that the enemy fliould be pufh'd. I have 
already wrote that that was difficult to do in a country 
where one cannot go to them but by two or three great 
roads, the reft being divided by bogs and mountains. 
But there are flill other circumftances to be reprefented 
to Your Majefty ; that I am uneafy to venture your 
army againft one which is, as all the world here 
knows, at leaft double the number of ours, of which 
a part is difciplined, and pretty well armed, and hi- 
therto better nourifhed with bread, meat, and beer 
than ours. But what is flill more uneafy is, that the 
colonels who have lately raifed their regiments, and par- 
ticularly the Irifh lords, thought of nothing but to have 
boys at a cheap rate. I forefaw this when their com- 



rnifllons were given them, and I fpoke of it to Youf 
Majefty at the meeting of the committee for Irifti af- 
fairs ; but Lord Hallifax's advice was rather followed 
than mine. I do not fpeak of flioes, having men- 
,tioned them in all my memorials; But if the want of 
capacity of the officers is great, their want of applica- 
tion, and their lazinefs, is ftill greater. Although the 
cavalry are not fo lately raifed, the officers, however, 
take no care of the horfes of their troopers, and are all 
fo accuftomt'd to lodge in inns wherever they march, 
that the prefent kind of war aftoni&es them. I am 
vexed to importune Your Majefty with all thefe details, 
but I think it is my duty to inform you of them, that 
you may fee the reafons why I am unwilling to refolve 
to decide all by a' battle. 

I hope every minute, that the reft of our artillery 
horfes and provifions and the Scotch troops will arrive, 
and that the fhoes which were bought above two months 
"ago will be found again. Without enhancing my fer- 
vices, or bringing into the account the chagrins which 
I have fuffered, it is not without difficulty that I have 
come thus far, and continued here almoft without bread. 
It would have been very difficult to advance without 
any waggons or provifions : and as there was a rivulet 
between the enemy and us, I might perhaps have been 
obliged to fall back, which would have had bad con- 

As far as one can judge, the enemy endeavour to 
confume and burn all the forage around them, and will 
continue to do the fame as far as Droo-heda. 


Duke of Schomberg to King TVilliam. — To the fame pur^^ 
pofe. — PrejJ'es for a diver fion by the fleet upon the coaji, 

12 oaob, 

JE voye par la lettre de Votre Majefle qu'elle eft in- 
formee que nous avons beaucoup plus de malades 
dans cette armee qu'il ny en a, et pour ne pas attendre 
qu'il y en ayt d''avantage, il faudroit poufTer les chofes 



)t plus qu'on peut, en hazardant quelque chofe. Si 
V. Mte etoit bien informee de I'etat de notre armee, 
de celle des ennemys, du pays, et de la fituation de leur 
camps, je ne croy pas qu'elle vouluft qu'on fe hazardat 
a I'attaquer. Si ccla ne reuciflfoit pas, Tarmee de 
V. Mte feroit perdu fans refource. Je me fers de ce 
terme la^ nc croye pas que fi le defordre s'y etoit 
line fois mis, qu'il fut aife de la retablir. Rien ne 
fcauroit donner a Votre Mte une plus forte idee de toue 
cecy, que le fouvenir de toutes les troupes nouvellc- 
ment levees, dont generallement cett' armee eft ccm= 

Je voy auffi par la meme lettre de V. Mte, que fl on 
ne hazarde rien prefentementi cette guerre tireroit eh 
longeur. Je fuls bien fache de ne pouvoir pas trouver 
des expedients pour la finir. II y auroit a craindre 
qu'en hazardant le tout pour le toutj et que cela ne 
reuflit pas, que les ennemys feroit bientot maitres de 
toute rirlande. Je ne comprens pas^ qu'un fi grande 
flotte d'Angletcrre et d'Holland n'ayant rien fait tout 
cet efte ne puifle au moins garder les coftes d'Irlande> 
et y faire un diverfion par une defccnte, comme V. Mte 
I'avoit toujours projette, et par la nous donner le 
temps d'attendre les troupes de Dannemark pour fe 
fervlr de toutes fes forces, puifque V. Mte les deftine 
pour icy ; lefquelles ne feroient plus d'un grand fecours, 
fl nous avions perdu une bataille avant leur arrivee. 
Pour ce pofte icy, dont V. Mte me parle, je puis bien 
]e conferver avec I'infantrie feulc,jufques a ce queShals 
aye un peu mis fes chariots de vivres en meilleur etar, 
comme auffi les chevaux d'artillerie, qu'on ufent de me 
dire etre arrives. Je crois que tout cela fera en etac 
dans huit jours, apres quoy, fi les ennemys s'oppinia- 
tTent a demeurer a Atherde ou derriere Droghcda, V. 
Mte put bien juger, que je ne puis faire autre chofe 
que marcher fur la riviere de Shannon, qui efl le pays 
apres Dublin, qu'ils confiderent le plus. 

A I'egard de ce que V. Mte me mande des grands de- 
fordres, que les foldats commettcnr, fur tput les Fran- 
cois i 



cols ', quand je fuis arrive dans ce royaume, je n'avois 
que fix mille hommes, aucuns equipages, les officicrs 
<ie I'armee pas un cheval. Apres m'eftre rendu maiftre 
de Belfaft, j'ay marche auflitot pour affieger Carrick- 
fergus. J'ay etc bien aile que Jes troupes trouvaflent 
acheter quelves chevaux. Cela ne fuffifoit pas au be- 
foin. Tout is defordre qui peut s'etre commis, n'a 
ete que prendre de petits chevaux qu'ils trouvoientdans 
]es champs, pendant que ceux de Londonderry et 
d'lnifKilling pilloient de leur cofte, et des payfans dans 
les glinns du leur. Parmy ceux qui ont pris quelques 
chevaux, il y peut avoir eu des Francois. Et je croy 
qu'on eft bien aife, par les letters qu'on ecrit d'icy, de 
mettre cela fur eux. Comme je ne prens le party ny 
des uns ny des autres, il taut pourtant dire a V. Mte, 
que fl nos colonels Irlandois etoient aulE habiles a la 
guerre, comme a envoyer piller dans le pays, et ne pas 
payer les foldats icy, V. Alte en feroit mieux fervie ; 
elle pourra etre informee par d'autres, que les trois re- 
giments d'infantrie et celui de cavallerie Fran9ois, font 
mieux le fervice que les autres. J'ay travaille toute 
cette femaine a regler ce que les capitaines doivent don- 
rer a leurs foldats, pour tacher d'empecher les chicanes 
qu'ils leur fon:. Les colonels prennent fi peu de foin 
de leur regiments que lamoitie des piques font rompues, 
et les fufils et moufquets de meme, de forte que je fuis 
force prefentement de leur en donner d'autres de ceux 
que j'avois aporte avec moy. 

Si on accordoit le conge a autant d'officiers, qu'il en 
ufent pour le demander, une grande partie d I'armee 
demeurroit fans ofiiciers, les plus part affectant des in- 
commodites, ou des maladies, qui n'ont d'autres fon- 
dement que dc s'ennuyer beaucoup icy. 

Venant d'entretenir Mr. les Comte de Solms de la 
pcnfee que j'avois d'envoyer la plupart de notre caval- 
lerie du cote d'Ardmagh, il a trouve une raifon, q'ji 
eft confiderable, que I'ennemy pourroit fe mettre 
entre elle et nous, et qu'il \audrcit mieux at- 
tendre encore quelfques jours, en donnant ds I'avoine 

a notre 


a notre cavallerie des vaiiTeaux, et voir fi les ennemys 
ne marcheront pas d'Altherde a Drogheda, ou que 
peutetre en attendant un peu, les troupes de Danne- 
mark arriveroient, et cependant ou pourvoiroient les 
foldats des fouliers, et de meilleurs habits. En tout 
cecy, je croy qu'un plus habile homme y feroit beau- 
coup embaraffe ; car les ennemys ne font pas feulement 
forts en nombre, mais aufll font bien difciplines, et la 
fituation des camps aufli bien choifie que des generauX 
les plus habiles pourroient faire. 


12th O£tober, 

I SEE by Your Majefty's letter, you are informed 
we have a greater number of fick in this army 
than we have, and that to prevent our having more, we 
ought to pufli matters as much as we can, in hazarding 
fomething. If your Majefty was well informed of the 
ftate of our army and that of our enemy, the nature of 
the country, and the fituation of the two camps, I do 
not believe you would incliiie to rilkan attack. If we 
did not fucceed. Your Majefty's army would be loft 
without refource. I make ufe of that term ; for I do 
not believe if it was once^piit in diforder, that it could 
be re-eftabliftied. Nothing can give Your Majefty a 
clearer idea of all this, than the remembrance of the 
nature of all new raifed troops, of which this army iS 
chiefly compofed. 

I fee aUo by the fame letter from Your Majefty, that 
unlefs fomething is rilked now, the war will draw out 
to length. I am forry it is not in my power to find 
expedients to finifti it. There is reafon to fear, that if 
we had hazarded all for all, and had not fucceeded, the 
enemy would have been immediately mafters of all 
Ireland. I do not underftand why fo great an Englifli 
and Dutch fleet, which has done nothing all fummer, 
fhould not be able at leaft to guard the coafts of Ire- 
land, and to make adiverfion in it, by adifcmbarkation. 

Vol. III. D as 


as Your Majefty always projefted, and thereby gite ui 
time to wait for the Danifti troops, (o that we may 
niak« ufe of all our forces : but thefe troops would 
have bieen of little ufe if we had loft a battle before 
their arrival. As to this pioft which Yodr Majefty 
fpeaks of^ I can keep it with the infantry alone^ till 
Shales has put his waggons for the prOvifions into bet- 
ter order, as alfo the artillery horfes, which he h in 
the ufe of telling me are arrived. I believe all this 
will be ready in eight days, after which, if the enemy 
refolve to ftay at Atherdee or Drogheda, Your Ma- 
jefty may judge that I can do nothing elfe than march 
to the river Sharinon^ which is the country which# 
next to Dublin, they value the moft. 

With regard to what Your Majefty favs of the' grc^t 
diforders which the foldiers commit, and above all the 
French; when they arrived in this kingdom, I had 
not more than 6coo men, no equipages, and the 
officers of the army not one horfe. After making my- 
felf mafter of Belfaft, I marched immediately to be- 
JiegeXJarrickfergus. I was happy that the troops found 
feme horfes to buy. Thefe did not anfwer our nccefli- 
ties. All the diforder that could be comir.itted, was irt 
taking the little horfesj which were found in the fields, 
■while the troops of Londonderry and Inlfkiilirig piF^ 
laged on their fide, and the peafants o:! theirs. Amongft 
thofe who took fome horfes, there are Frenchmen, and 
I believe people are very glad, in the letters which they 
write from hence, to lay the blame upon them. 1 do 
not take a fide either way j 1 muft however tell Your 
Majefty, that if our Irifli colonels were as able in war 
as they are to fend to pillage the country, and not to 
pay the foldiers. Your Majefty would be better ferved 
by them. You may be informed by others, that the 
three regiments of French cavalry and their regiment 
o^ cavalry, do duty better than others. I have 
worked all this week, to regulate what the captains 
ftiould give to their foldiers, to prevent their cheating 
the men. The colonels take (q Utile care of their re- 

A P P 1£ N D I X. 

^sments, that the half of the pikes are broke, and alTo 
ttf the fufees and mufkets; fo that I am at prefent 
forced to give them others from amongft thofe which t 
brought with me. 

If leave of abfence was given to as many officers as 
afk it, a great put of the army would be without offi- 
cers, the greateft part affefting to be out of order, or 
iinder difeafes, which have no othef foundation than in 
their wearinefs at being here. 

Having cbnirriunicated to Cotint Solms a thought 
which I had, to ferid the greateft part of our cavalry on 
the fide of Ardmagh, he has found an argument which 
is confiderable, viz. that the enemy may put them- 
ffelves between it and us, and that it would be better to 
wait fome days, giving oats from the veflels to the ca- 
valry, to fee if the enemy will not march from Ather- 
dee to Drogheda, or that perhaps in waiting a little^ 
fome of the Danifh troops may arrive, and that in the 
taea.n time, fhoes and better clothes may be providing 
for the foldiers. In all this I believe an abler man 
would be much embarrafled : for the enemy are not 
only ftfong in number, but alfo well difciplined, and 
the fituation of their camps as well chofen as the ableft 
generals could contrive^ 

Part of the DuJie of Schomberg's letter to King JVilliam^ 

The Scotch troops arrived. — ^—Tet it is impoj/iblf 

to advance,-— -— Schomberg's unhappinefs. 

A Dondalk te 4 de Novr. 1689. 

LES ttouppes qui font Venus d'Ecofle confiftent en 
quatre regiments, dont les chevaux font fort fa- 
tigues ; celuy de Haiftings n'a pas trois cent foldats. 
Quand I'on ^uroit marche avec ces trouppes icy, le 
-pays eft faite d'une maniere que I'ori ne peut obliger 
Un enemy a en venir a une battaille, s'il ne le vent. II 
feroit a fouh^iter que Votre Majefte eut parle a un 
D a homme 



hottime qui coignoit bien ce pays icy autour. II n'efl 
pas moins difficilie que la Flandre, pour obliger un 
enemy a donner une battaile- Tant qu'il n'y aura pas 
un eftabllfTement fait avec des perfonnes a certains prix 
'pour fournir le pain de munition, comme on fait en 
France, Flandre, et aiileurs, ii ne fera pas poffible de 
foutenir cette guerre, des que I'on s'eloignera de la 
mer. Voila le principal article. Je ne diray rien icy 
des autres defauts de cette armee. Je me fuis donne 
bien des peines et des fatigues pour y remedier. La 
chofe n'eft pas aiflee avec de tels officiers. Et il n'y a 
que la paflion, les obligations, et le parfait devoutment 
pour le fervice de Votre Majefte, qui puifleme fairc 
fupporter les chagrins, et les peines, oii je me trouve. 


Dundalk, 4th Nov. 1 6S9, 

THE troops arrived froni Scotland confift of four 
regiments, of vi'hich the horfes are extremely 
fatigued. That of Haftings has not three hundred 
foldiers. Though we could march with thefe troops, 
the country is of fuch a form that an enemy cannot be 
forced to battle againft his will. I wifli Your Majefty 
would fpeak to a man who knows the country here- 
abouts well. It is not lefs difficult than Flanders for 
forcing an enemy to a battle. As long as there is not an 
eftablifhment made with people at certain prices for 
furnifhing ammunition bread, as is done in France, 
Flanders, and elfewhere, it will not be poflible to fuf- 
tain this war, whenever we remove from the fea. 
This is the principal article- I will fay nothing of the 
other deficiencies of this army. I have given myfelf 
much pain and fatigue to remedy them. The thing is 
not eafy with fuch officers. And there is nothing but 
the paffion, the obligations, and the perfect devotion 



which I have for your Majefty, that could make me 
bear the chagrins and the pains which I have fufFered. 

Part of the Duke of Schomberg's letter to King Willianit 
V * — Bad arrangement in every department, 

A Liftorne, du 26 Decembre, 1689. 

PUISQUE j'ay commence a parler de I'artillerye, il 
faut dire a Votre Majefte que je n'ay jamais veu 
tant de mechant officiers qu'il y en a. Ce qui peut 
avoir contribue a cela, c'eft la parefle et inapplication 
aux details de Goulon. Je veux croyre qu'il entend a 
faire des mines et I'ufage de la poudre, mais c'efl le 
tout. Je croye etre oblige en confcience a dire la verite 
a Votre Majefte, le feul homme que j'ay icy dont je 
fuis foulage c'eft le commiffaire Hallo way, lequel j'ay 
fait controlleur a la place d'un nomme Clerk qui vient 
de mourir, ayant des miniftres avec lui, mais n'a pas 
voulu prier Dieu. 

Pour les recrelies de I'infanterye, je fuis toujours 
d'opinion que Votre Majefte les fera faire meilleurs en 
Angleterre. Du temps de Cromwell il avoit cette 
commodite qu'il avoit plufieurs regiments en Angle- 
terre, d'ou il tiroit la moitie ou le tiers des foldats pour 
fes recreiies icy, lefquels f^avoient deja manier leur 
armes. A quoy je dois encore ajouter cette confidera^F 
tion, que Ton fait courir le bruit en Angleterre, que la 
pefte eft en Irelande, et ainfy et les foldats et les offi- 
ciers leve parcy par la dans la pays, quand ils arriveront 
proche de Chefter, aprenant par les gens mal intention-* 
ner, que la pefte eft dans ce pays cy, ils deferteront. 
Mais quand la moitie d'un regiment tout leve, armee 
et exerce fera envoye par Votre Majefte a Highlake, ii 
en defertera peu. Les regimens venus d'Ecofle n'au- 
ront pas moins befoins de recreiies, etant arrivez icy 
fort foibles. Les colonels Irlandois ont plus d'inclina- 
tion pour les gens de leur pays, non pas parcequ'ils les 
P 3 connoiflen£ 


iGonn'o'iflent plus braves dans un occafion, mais pour 
tirer plus de profit de leur regiments. Nous avons vtie 
par experience que vers le mois de Septembre les Irian- 
^ois defertoient tous pour aller faire leur moiflbns. 

Les regiments d^ Lifburne, Sanky, Rofcommons, 
Drogheda, et Bellafis font fort foibles. J'ay ete oblige 
tie retirer ces deux derniers d'Armach, n'y ayant pas 
irois cents hommes dans les deux. 

Quant a la cavalerie, nous avons examine en prefence 
(de Meflrs. Scravemour, Lanier et Kirke leur etat, et 
fait un reglement, et en la maniere que I'on doit faire 
les recriies. Les officiers ne prennent pas foin de leurs 
cavaliers, et a les obliger de prendre foin de leur che- 
yatix qu'ils ne fe donhe pas la peine de penfer- 

Pour les fariiies, bifcuits et avoines, Yanhumery tra- 
vaille a faire uYie etat de ce que nous avons, et ce que 
nous avons befoin. Je nc vdy pas les peuples fort dif- 
pofez^ a labourer leurs terres, quoy qu'ils vendent bien 
tout ce qu'ils ont, et Ton tient une difcipline fi exalte 
quMs ne tire que du profit du logement des gens de 
guerre. Cependant, je crains que les peuples manque- 
lont du pain dans le printemps j mais a mon avis on 
pourroit prevenir ces manquemens icy, en permettanit 
aux marchands de tranfporter d'Angleterre icy, du 
bled, de I'avoine et des farine, fans payer de droits, 
jTon fculement icy mais auffi du cofte du nord, pour les 
peuples auffi bien que pour les foldats, du cofte de Bel- 
leck et Bellichanon, Je fuis oblige aufll d'informer 
^otre Majefte que la negligence de les officiers eft caufe 
que les foldats ont perdue beaucoup d'armes, nonob- 
ilant le reglement que j'avois fait que les capitaines 
feroient obliger 6*en racheter a leurs depens : et leur 
ricgligence a ete fi grande qu'ils font venus en cc roy- 
aume fans porter une tente avec eux, fe fervant decelles 
43[u'on leur avoit donne pour les foldats. Les grand 
pluyes ayant prefque -tout pourry les dites tentes, ii 
ppdra en faire venir d'autrcs„ 



Comme je ne me fuis jamais trouve dans un^armee,, 
ou il y alt tant d'ofliciers nonveaux et parefleux, Voh-e 
JViajefte n'aura pas peine a croire que cela me donne 
beaucoup de peine et de chagrin. Si on caflbit touj 
ceux la pour pe fujet comme ils le nieritent, il en refte- 
foit peu. 

J'ay remarque dans toqs ces ambarquements icy, 

qu'il manquoit de gens appliquez, pour avoir foin des 

yaifleaux njarchands a Highlake pour ambarquer les 

foidats, quoy qu'il y eut quelque envoye de i'amiraute 

pour cela, il feroit tres neceffaire auffi pour le fervice 

et I'epargne de Votre Majefte, qu'il y en eut deux icy 

pour avoir |e befoin de faire decharger promptement 

toutes les denrees qu'ils apporte, pour les renvoyer ou 

decharger, fi Ton n'en a p)"us befoin. Cela me foulagera 

vn peu des foins qu'il a fallu que j'ay pris. Comme 

auili les petites vaiffeaux de guerre qui prennent tou- 

jpurs le pretexte qu'il leur manque quelque chofe pour 

n'aller pas au mer. Votre Majefte a aulli befoin 

d'oflSciers de juftice pour regler les defordres qui fe 

commettent parmy les peuples, qui font pareffeux, et 

ne vive que de vols et de pillage. Je ne trouve pas 

audi que les miniftres ecclefiaftiques foient appliquez a 

leur devoir, pendant que les pretres Romains font fort 

pallionez a e^horter les peuples a combattre pour I'eglife 

Romaine, et a, fe mettre a leur tete. Je croy que ce 

zele du peuple Irlandois fe trouvera a ce printemps un 

peu relenty, par la quantite de gens qu'on apprende qui 

irieurt du cofle des ennemys, de la fatigue de la cam- 

pagne pafTee. 

Les ofBciers de cette armee me demandent avec 
grand empreflement Ipur congee pour aller en Angle- 
terre. Je les ay remis la plus part fur ce qua j'ay tcrlt 
$ Votre Majefte pour luy en demander la permiffion, et 
que je I'attens; et qu'une partie de ceux la pourront 
aller aux recreiies, a quoy je croy qu'il n'y a pas de 
ierpps a pefdre, fur tout pour ce que rcgarde rinfante- 
• ■' - P 4 ryej 



rye ; car pour la cavallerye elle arrlvera affes a temps 
vers la fin d'Avril, cpmme aufli celle de Danemark. 

M. Herbert doit avoir rendu compte a Votre Ma- 
jeft6 de Petat des regiments du pays de Londonderry et 
Inifkilling. Nous avions menage cette paye en la fai- 
fant moins forte que celle des troupes Angloifes qui font 
yenu en ce royaume. Et je croy que comme ils 
n'avoient rien du tout auparavant, ils devroient etre 
content de celle qu'ils ont prefentement. Car quoy que 
ceuxd'Inifkilling ayont acquis quelque reputation dans 
le combat qu'ils gagnerent, il y a eu bien du bonheur 
de. leur cofte, et de la confufion d?s ennemys qui 
n'etoient point enfemble. Lorfque j'ay envoye des 
trouf^^s d'lnifkilling du cofte de Sligo, I'affair a man- 
que, par ce que la plus part des foldats etoient tous allez 
ehez eux= Et je fuis d'opinion qu'on fe pent fervir de 
I'exemple des royaumes de France et d'Efpagne, ou on 
ne donne pas a beaucopp pres tant de paye aux foldats 
du pays qu'aux corps etrangers. 

M. Herbort eft party fans nous avoir laifle de I'argent 
pour payer les troupes. II faut efperer, comme il m'a 
jnande de Highlake, qu'il en envoyera de Chefter ; 
mais il nous a laifle dans une grand confufion. A I'egard 
des officiers, il n'a point fait aucun deconte avec eux. 
Ils s'excufent la deflus. qu*ils n'ont point d'argent pour 
. ' leur fubfiftance, ny pour foulagcr leur foldats. Je croy 

que je menage a moins I'argent de Votre Majefte, 
comme elle pourra voir par le contingent money; 
mais M. Herbort, dans les depenfes generalls, a de la 
peine a dc defaire de I'argent qui eft juftement due ; 
dont le retardement ne pent porter que de la confufion. 
Depuis qu'il eft party, j'ay fajt difficulte dc figner les 
payments que les commis font : luy meme, auffi bien 
que moy, ayant decouvcrt, que fes dits commis fe font 
kits agents de tous les regiments Anglois de cette 
armee, et par Id ils fe mettent dans les interefts des: 
colonels. Jamais on n'a vxie tant des gens avoir envie 
de voler. Pour la compagnie de M. Herbort, je ne Tay 
point encore vtie que I'etandard dans fa chambre. On 



dit que les officiers le fervent de fecretaire et de commis. 
Je ne voye pas, que Herbert aye bien examine leg 
comtes du major genl. Kirk, ou qu'il n'a pas ofe les 
finir, a ce que j'apprens le dit Mr. Kirk n'apportant 
point de quittance du payment des regmts. qui etoient 
avec luy. Je croy aufli, qu'il eft necelTaire de faire 
fouvenir V. Majefte, a faire examiner a qu'elle 
prix I'argent fe donne icy. Si cela eft au profit de 
M. Herbort, avec les droits qu'il tire fur les payments 
qu'il fait a i'armee, comme treforier, cela va a une 
fomme fort confiderable par an. 

Je fuis bien fache d'importuner Votre Majefte d'un 
fi long memoire. On ne peut pas fe difpcnfer de le 
faire, et encore de la prier qu'elle ne le laiffe pas lir© 

'Tranjlation, ^ 

Lifborne, 26th December, 1689. 

SINCE I am fpeaking of the artillery, I muft tell 
Your Majefty that I never faw fo many bad offi- 
cers as there are in it. What may have contributed to 
this, is Goulon's lazinefs and want of application. I be- 
lieve he underftands the making of mines and the ufe of 
powder, but that is all. I think myfelf obliged in con- 
fcience to tell truth to Your Majefty. The only man. 
here who has given me relief, is commiflary Halloway, 
whom I have, made controller in the place of one named 
Clark, who is juft dead, having had minifters with 
him, but refuling to pray to God. 

With regard to the recruiting the infantry, I am al- 
ways of opinion it would be better to do it in England. 
In the time of Cromwell, he had the conveniency o£ 
fcveral regiments in England, from whence he draughted 
the half or third of the foldiers for recruits here, who 
underftood to manage their arms : to which I ought tO 
add this confideration, that a report is fpread in Eng- 
land, of the plague being in Ireland ; and thus, wbeti. 
^he foldiers, whom the olBcers raife here and there in. 



the country, come near Chefter, and are told by peo- 
ple of bad intentions, that the plague is in Ireland, 
they will defert : but when the half of a regiment, ail 
raifed, armed, and exercifed together, fhall be fent by 
Your Majefty to Highlake, few of them will defert. 
The regiments from Scotland have no lefs need of re- 
cruits, having come here very weak. The Irifh colo- 
nels have more inclination for the people of their own 
country, not becaufe they know them to be more brave 
upon an occafion, but to draw the greater profit from 
the regiments. We have feen by experience, that to- 
wards the month of September the Irifti all deferted. 

The regiments of Lifborne, Sankey, Rofcommon, 
Drogheda, and Bellafis, are very weak. I have been 
obliged to withdraw thefe two laft from Ardmach, there 
not being three hundred men in the two. 

With regard to the cavalry, we have examined their 
ftate in prefence of Meffieurs Scravemore, Lanier, and 
Kirck, and made an eftablifhment, and likewife in the; 
mann^ir of their recruiting. The officers take no care 
of their troopers, or of obliging them to attend to their: 
horfes, which they are not at the pains even to bloodV 

With regard to the grain and bifcuits, and hay. Van 
Humery is making a ftate of what we have and what 
we need. I do not fee the people much difpofed to ]a-» 
hour their grounds, although they fell well all that they 
have : and fo exaft a difcipline is kept, that they draw 
nothing but gain from giving lodging to the foldiers. 
However, I am afraid the people may want bread in the 
fpring ; but in my opinion, thefe wants may be pre- 
vented, if the merchants were permitted to carry grain 
and bread, and hay, without paying duties, not only 
here, but alfo in the North, for the people as well as 
for the foldiers, on the fide Belleck and Bellechanon. I 
have alfo to tell Your Majefty, that the negligence of 
the officers is the caufe why the foldiers have loft many 
of their arms, notwithftanding the regulation I made, 
that the captains fhould replace them at their own ex- 
^ence : and their negligence has been fp great, that they 
* • ■ , ' ar<i 


are come into this kingdom without Sf, tent with them, 
and make ufe of thofe which were given them for their 
foldiers. Thje great rains have rotted the tents j it is 
jipccflary that others be fent. 

As I never was in an army where there are fo many 
new and lazy officers, Your Majefty will have no dif- 
ficulty to believe that this gives me much trouble and 
chagrin. If all were broke who deferved it on this ac- 
count, there would be few left. 

I have remarked in all tfie embarkations here, that 
there are wanting people to have an eye ypon the mer- 
chant veflels at Heylake, in the ernbarkation of the fol- 
diers. Although tl]ere was one fent from the admiralty 
for this purpofe, it would be necefTary for the fervice, 
and a faving to Your J\4ajefty, that there were two here, 
to take care for the fpeedy landing of the proyifions, 
and to fend them back or difpharge them if there was no 
need of them. This would relieve me a little of the atr 
tentjon vvhich J am obliged to pay. They ought like- 
wife to have an eye upon the fmall yeflels of war, who 
ufe always the pretext that they want fomething or 
pther for not going to fca. Your Majefty has alfo nee4 
of officers qf juftice, to reprefs the diforders among 
people who are lazy, and live only by theft and pil- 
lage. I alfo do not find that the minifters apply them- 
felves enough to their duty, whilft the Romifh priefts 
are paffionate to exhort the people to die for the churcji 
pf Rome, and in putting themfelves at their head. I 
believe that the zeal of the Irifh people will cool it- 
felf a little this fpring, on account of the numbers who, 
we learn, have died on the enemy's fide of the fatigues 
pf laft campaign. 

The officers of this army are very prelfing for leave 
of abfence. I put moft of them off witl^ my having 
I wrote to Your Majefty, to afk your leave, and that I 
wait for it ; and that a part of them may go to recruitor 
There is no time to be loft in this laft fervice, efpecially 
for the infantry j fof as to the cavalry, it will com^ 


time enough in the iend of April, as alfo that from 

Mr. Harbord will have given Your Majefty an ac- 
count of the ftate of the regiments of Londonderry 
and Inifkilling. We fpared upon the pay, in making it 
lefs than that of the troops which came from England j 
and as they had formerly nothing, they fhould be now 
content with what they have. For though the Inifkil- 
liners acquired fome reputation in the battle which they 
won, there was much good luck on their fide, and 
confufion on that of the enemy, who had not got toge- 
ther. When I fent the Inifkilliners towards Sligo, 
the affair failed, becaufe moft of the foldiers were gone 
home : and I think we may make ufe of the examples 
of France and Spain, where they do not give fo much 
pay to native as to ftranger corps. 

Mr. Harbord is gone without leaving us money to 
pay the troops, I hppe that he will fend it frori^ 
Chefter, as he writes from Heyleck he will do : but he 
has'left us in great confufion. With regard to the 
officers, he has paid them no arrears. On this account 
they excufe themfelves, that they have no motiey for 
their fubfiftence, or the relief of the foldiers. I at 
leaft fpare Your Majefty's money, as you will fee by 
the bill of contingencies, But Mr. Harbord, in the 
general expences, makes a difficulty to part with money 
which is juftly due ; a delay which muft bring on con- 
fufion. Since he is gone, I have made a difficulty to 
fign the commiflaries payments j he as well as I having 
difcovered that thefe commiffaries are agents to all the 
Englifh regiments of this army, by which they put 
themfelves in the intereft of the colonels. Never were 
fo many people feen fo defirous of ftealing. As for Mr. 
Harbord's company, I never faw any part of it but the 
llandard in his chamber. They fay that his officers 
ferve him in the qualities of fecretary and commiffary. 
I find that Harbord has not well examined major ge- 
teral Kirk's accounts, or that he has not dared to finifh 
thewj as I learn that K"wk did not bring with him his 



difcharges for the payment of the regiments which he 
had with him. I believe it is alfo neceffary to remind 
Your Majefty to caufe examine the value of money 
here. If the difference goes to the profit of Mr. Har- 
bordj with the percentage, which as treafurer he draws 
upon the payments of the army, it muft go to a greaC 
fum in the year. 

I am troubled to importune Your Majefty with fo 
long a memorial. I could not avoid doing it, and beg- 
ging Your Majefty not to allow it to be read in public. 

Duh of Schomberg to King William. — He falls ill—~his 
indignation at the complaints from England again/i him* 

Lifborne du 27 Decembre 1689. 

J 'A Y bien fait des reflexions fur ce que Votre Ma- 
jefte m'a fait la grace de m'ecrireda ^o. Decembre, 
et fans Tennuyer de I'etat de mon indifpofiiion, je puis 
FaiTeurcr que mon cnvie d'aller en Angleterre, n'effi 
venu que de la, et que les medecins croyent que I'air et 
ies eaux chaudes me gueriroient de ce mal dont mon 
fils I'aura entretenu a prefent. II y en a en Angleterre 
qui croyent que je me fers de ce mal pour une pre- 
tcxte, qui que cela ne foit pas vray. J'avoiie, fire, 
que fans une profonde foumifRon que j'ay aux volontes 
de Votre Majefte, que je prefererois Thonneur d'etre 
foufFert aupres d'elle au commandement d'utie armee 
en Ireland commc etoit compofee celle de la campagne 
pafle : et fi j'eufle hazarde une bataille (ce qui etoic 
difEcile a faire fi les enemis eufTent voulu demeurerdans 
leur camp) j'aurois peutetre perdu tout ce quelle a dans 
ce royaume, fans parler des confequences qui en feroit 
enfuivies en Ecofl'e jufques en Angleterre, M'etanC 
trouve dans un tel etat, aide de fort peu de perfonnes, 
charge d'une infinite de details qui m'occupoient, 
pendant que d'autres generaux ne fongent qu'au plus 
. important d'une guerre. Je dis, fire, qu'il n'y a qtre 
mon devoiiement pour les commandemeiits de fon fcr- 
vice. Je fouhalte feulement que ce mal ne m'empeche 


pas d'agir comme je le voudrois. Lorfque jc I'ay p6 
faire, je me fuis prefque charge de tout ; n'etant pas 
heaucoup foulage des officiers generaux Anglois ou 

D'ailleurs ce qui peut rebutter le plus de cet em- 
ploy icy, c'efi que je vols par le pafle, qu'il fera dif- 
ficile a Tavenir, de contenter les parlements et Ics peu- 
, pies, qui font preveritis qu'tin foldat Anglois quoy ique 
nouvellement leve en battra plus de fix de ennernys. 
L'on auroit tort dc m'envier cet employ pour les profits 
que j'en tire. Je n'ay pas encore trouve cette inven- 
tion ; quand je I'aurois decouvert, je ne le pratiquerols 
pas, me contentant des appointrrients que Ton me doririe, 
tt que i'on voit bien icy que j'en depenfe le double, 


Lifborne, 27th December, 1689. 

I HAVE made many reflexions on what Your Ma- 
jefty had the goodnefs to write on the 1 5 of De- 
cember, and without tiring you with the ftate of my 
sndifpofition, I can alTure you, that my defire to go to 
England arifes only from that caufe, and that the phy- 
Scians believe the air and the hot waters will cure me 
of that ailment which my fon informed you of. There 
are people in England who believe that I make ufe of 
this ailment as a pretence, although that is not true. 
1 confefs, Sir, that without the profound fubmiffioii 
which I have for Your Majefly's will, I would prefer 
the honour of being permitted to be near your perfori, 
to the command of an army in Ireland compofed as 
that of laft compaign was. And if I had rifked a bat- 
tle, (which was difficult to do if the enemy inclined to 
keep in their camp,) 1 might perhaps have loft all that 
you have in this kingdom, not to fpeak of the confe- 
quences which would have followed in Scotland, and 
even in England. Finding myfelf in fuch a ftate, af- 
Jifted by very few perfons, charged with an infinity of 
details which occupied me, while other generals attend 



Only (o the important part of the war : I fay, Sir, 
^here is nothing but my devotion for your Majefty's 
comnbands, which obliges me to facrifice the health I 
have left to your fervice. I wifh only that this ailment 
may not hinder me to a£t as I wifti. Whilft I viras 
able I took the charge of every thing upon me, not 
being much relieved by the Englifh or Scotch general 

Befides w^hat fhoclcs oh'e the moft in this employment 
is, that I fee by the paft, it will be difficult for the 
future, to content the parliament and the people, who 
have a prejudice that an Englifh new raifed foldier can 
beat above fix of his enemies. People are in the wrong 
to envy me this employment for the profits which I 
draw from it. I have not as yet fallen upon thiat in» 
vention ; and though I Ihould difcover it, I fhould not 
pradtife it ; being contented with the appointments' 
which are given me, and becaufe people fee well here 
that I fpend the double of them. 

Part of a Letter from the Duke of Schomherg to King 
William i ■ Condition of the army, in winter, 

Lifborne, du 30 Decembre, i68g. 

GOMME j'allois fair partir plufieurs memoires 
pour Votre Majefte, un exprefie m'apporte de 
fa partfon billet du ^^ Decembre, parlaquel Votre Ma- 
jefte m'a mande qu'elle trouve la faifon trop avancep 
pour envoyer Trelany avec fes troupes du code de Kork, 
et qu'elle m'envoyera I'infanterye Danoife icy, pour 
nous fortifier dans nos quartiers. Cela empechera les 
ennemys a s'en approcher. Les maladies commencent 
a fe diminuer. Votre Majefte trouvera par les roUes 
des montres, que nous fommes plus forts que nous ne 
fommes pas. Je croy que 11 Votre Majefte faifoit chaf-^ 
fer tous les commiflaries des montres, ce feroit le mieux, 
Les officiers pour de I'argent en font ce qu'ils vejilent* 
Et fe fervir de la methode d'Hollande, les capitaines de 
i'armee s*obligeants i tenir leurs compagnies complete 



tes le premier de May, et ehatier ceux qui y man- 

My Lord Lifborne, dont le regiment eft le plus foi- 
ble, I'a fait pafler fort. II y a mefle 200 Irlandois. Je 
luy ay dit que I'intention de Votre Majefte n'etoit pas 
de meler des Irlandois parmy les regiments Anglois, 
mais de laifler les Irlandois aUS regiments d'Inifkilling 
tt Londonderry. La conduite du mylord Lifborne 
n'eft pas bonne. II pafTe la vie a jouer et boire. Peu 
de vin I'enyvre : apres cela, il rient des difcodrs avec les 
officiers, qui vont jufque aiix foldats, qui font perni- 
cieux aufervice. Puifque Votre Majefte lui a permis 
d'aller en Angleterre ; je cro'y qu'il vaudroit mieux 
qu'il y demeura, et que fon regiment fut mis dans un 
autre. Pour les regiments a reformer, je les feray exe- 
cuter comme Votre Majefte me I'ordonne. Et j'efpere 
qu'elle ne defaprouvera de ce que j'ay fait, par I'avis 
des majors generaux Scravemour, Kirket L'Annier, de 
mettre le regiment de Drogheda dans celui de Goorj 
puifque il n'y a pas de colonel ny lieutenant colonel, et 
en laifler le commandement a mylord Drogheda. I'en- 
voye aufficy joint, I'etat des regiments leve en Irlande, 
et la redudion de la cavallerie. J'efpere que votre 
Majefte I'approuvera, et I'etat de leur payement. II nt 
faut pas faireetat fur ees troupes la que comme fur les 
cravattes. Un jour d'une bataille ils fe jetteront tou- 
jours fur le premier pillage. M. Herbort en penfa fairc 
I'experience : ayant voulu aller avec le C. de Schon- 
berg la nuit en partie, arme de fon moufqueton, tomba 
en bas de fon chevaU Cinque ou fix cavaliers de Inif- 
killing commencerent a le deftiabiller et de le depoiiil- 
ler, quoy qu'il cria qu'il etoit le pay-mafter, qu'il don- 
neroit de I'argent afin qu'on le ramena au camp. Un 
officier Francois en paftant I'ayant reconnu, les Inifkil- 
lings le ramerent. Mais de cette hiftoire il faut pafler 
a une plus ferieufe, qui eft qu'il s'en eft alle fans nous 
laifler d'argent pour les troupes. Cela caufe deja du 
defordre dans les quartiers ou il y en a qui ne payent 
pas leur hoftes, Je m'en vais travailler a voir ft je puis 



emprunter quelque argent des doiiannes de Votre Ma- 
jtfte dont le revenu commence a etre confiderable. 

J'aye epargne a votre Majefte, fur le train d'artillerie, 
depuis que je fuis icy, trois milles ]ivres ftedingsj elle 
le trouvera de meme fi elle fait examiner les comptes 
du contingent money ; commeje n'aime pas a piller, 
je tache autant que je puis que Votre Majefte ne le 
foit pas par des gens qui ne penfent qu'a cela icy. 

Ayant examine le memoire que j'envoye a Votre 
Majefte, par le paquet que j'envoye a M. Blathwayt, 
de la maniere qu'on payoit icy les officiers du temps du 
Roy Charles Second, la paye y eft aufTy haute que celle 
des officiers en Angleterre, cela ne me paroift pas jufte. 
Votre Majefte pourroit en diminuerau moins un quarts 


Lift)ornej 30th December 1689. 
"Hllft I was going to fend feveral memorials to 
Your Majefty, an exprefs brought me a 
note of ^5 December, by which your Majefty intimates 
that you find the feafon too far advanced to fend Tre- 
lawny with the troops to Cork, and that you would 
fend me the Danifti infantry to fortify our quarters. 
This will prevent the enemy from approaching us. 
The difeafes begin to diminifti. Your Majefty will 
find by the mufter rolls that we are ftronger than we 
really are. I believe if your Majefty would drive away 
all the commifiaries of mufters, it would be better. 
The officers for money do with them what they pleafe. 
It would be better to make ufe of the Dutch method, 
which is to oblige the captains to have their compa- 
nies compleat on the firft of May, and to chaftife thofe 
who fail. 

My lord Lifborne, whbfe regiment is the weakeft, 
made it appear ftrong. He mixed two hundred Irifti 
in it. I told him your Majefty's intention w'as not to ' 
mix Irifh amongft the Englifli regiments, but to leave - 
the Irifti to the Inifkilling and Londonderry regiments. 
My lord Lift)orne's conduift is not good, He paffes his 

Vol. Ill, E life 

66 A f* P E N O I JC. 

life at play and the bottle ; a little wine fuddles him." 
After this he holds difcourfes with the officers which 
go even to the foldiers, that are pernicious to the fer- 
vice. Since your Majefty has given him leave to go to 
England, I believe it would be better he Ihould con- 
tinue therCj and that his regiment was put into other 

With regard to the regiments to be broke, it (hall be 
done as your Majefty orders. And I hope you will 
not difapprove of what I have done by the advice of the 
majors general Scravemore, Kirk, and Lanier^ in put- 
ting the regiment of Drogheda into that of Gdwer^ 
fincc it has neither colonel nor lieutenant colo- 
nel, and in giving the command of it to my lord 
Drogheda. I fend likewife annexed the ftate of the 
regiments levied in Ireland and the reduction of the 
cavalry. I hope your Majefty will approve of it, and the 
ftate of their pay. One muft count upon thefe troops 
only^as fo many cravates. In the day of battle they 
will always throw themfelves upon the firft plunder. 
Mr. Harbofd had the experience of this, for having 
gone one night with his fowling-piece upon a party with 
Count Schomberg, he fell from his horfe ; five or fix 
Ini(ki!!en troopers began to itripand rob him, although 
he cried that he was pay-mafter, and that he would 
give them money to carry him to the camp. A French 
officer, in paffing, having known him, the Inifkille- 
ners then brought him back. But from this ftory I 
muft go to a more ferious one^ which is that he has gone 
oft without leaving us money for the troops. This 
canfes diforder already in the troops, where there are 
people who do not pay their landlords, I am goi^ng to 
fee if I can borrow money from your Majefty's cuf- 
tomhoufes whofe revenues begin to be confiderable, 

I have fpared your Majefty fince I came here, 3000 
pounds upon the artillery, and the fame upon the con- 
tingent money, if you will look at the accounts. As I 
don't love to pillage, I do what I can to prevent others 
from doing it, who think of nothing clfe. 



Having examined the memorial which I fent to your 
Majetty by Mr. Blaithwait's packet, concerning the 
manner in which the officers were paid in the time of 
Charles II. the pay there is as high as that of the offi- 
cers in England, which does not appear to bejuft. 
Your Majefty may diminish at leaft a quarter. 

Duke of Schomberg to King Will'iam. — Lord D.lamir 
and other colonels in England, their negleil of their regi- 

Le 4me Janvier, 1689. 

VOyant le regiment de la Mer en fi mauvais ordre, 
j'ay ete oblige d'en donner le commandement au 
colonel Rouflel, Peutetre mylord de la Mer le trou- 
vera t-il mauvais de moy, fi votre Majefte ne luy din 
qu'elle me la commande. Celuy qui en eftoit major 
s'etant retire, (acaufe du lieutenant colonel Brodnax 
qui s'en eft alle,) je luy ay fait ecrire de venir. Si V. 
Mte I'agree, on le fera lieutenant colonel. Mylord de 
la Mer auffi bien que d'autres colonels en Angleterre, 
envoyent icy des memoires avec des gens d'Angleterre 
pour les faire officiersj parmi lefquels il y en a peu qui 
meritent de TetrCi 


lEIng Lord de Ja Mer's regiment in fo bad order, I 
was obliged to give the command of it to colonel 
Ruflell. Perhaps lord de la Mer may take this amifs of 
mc, if your Majefty does not tell him I have your or- 
ders for it. The major of it having retired (on account: 
of lieutenant colonel Brodnax who is gone away) I have 
caufed him to be writ to to come here* If your Majefty 
pleafes he may be appointed lieutenant colonel. Lord 
de la Mer, as well as the other colonels in England, 
fend memorials here with people from England to be 
made officers, among whom there are few who deferve 
to be h, 

E a Part 


Part of a letter from the Duke of S chamber g to King JViU 
liam.~ — — Things continue in a bad /late. 

'*" Lifbofne, le ge Janvier, i68j'^. 

'AY preiie de partir le capitaine St. Saveur afin que 
votre Majefte fut informe de Tambaras ouje me 
trouve, de ce que M. Herbert nous a laifle fans argem^ 
II m'a fait deux ou trois tours de meme a Dondalk. 
Quand les affaires vont mal, il s'echape. La frayeur 
le prit de tomber malade, II prit le pretexte d'aller a 
' BelfafI-, pour y prendre foin que les malades n'y man- 
quaffent de rien. ■ Huit jours apres j'appris qu'il etoit 
allez a urte affes belle maifon pour y refpirer un bon 
air, fans avoir envoye feulement un de fes gens a Bel- 
fail pour s'informer de I'tat de i'hofpital. Je ne fuis 
icy aide de perfonne. Je ne fcay fi votre Majefte ert 
fera bien fervy ; c'efl: un homme qui penfe trop a fes 
interefts particuliers. 

Je fuis bien aifeque la cavalerye Danoife ne vient pas 
fi tot, car je craihs que nous n'ayons pas affez de paille 
et de foin icy pouT la cavallerie que nous y avons. 
Pour de I'avoyne, il ne tiendra qu'a Van Humery de 
nous en faire venir, mais c'eft un petit genye pour un 
telle afFaire, Son alTocie ne vient pas d'Angleterre, et 
Van Humery n'a pas \>v. fol que quelque peu d'argent 
que je luy ay fait prefter. Je luy ay dit de mander a 
fon aftbcie d'acheter une grand quantite d'avoyne, dont 
on en peut aufiy faire vendre aux officiers d'infanterye. 
S'ils ne font pas un meilleur equipage que I'annee, ils 
ne feront pas capable de fervir la campagne prochaine. 

Si les regiments d'infanterye Frarcoife avoient pu 
obtenir de I'argent de Herbert, ils auroient deja fait 
partir pour des recreiies en SuifTe. De ces trois regi- 
ments et de celuy de cavallerye, votre Majefte en tire 
plus de fervice que du double des autrcs. 

Votre Majefte aura vu par mon precedent memoire, 
les raifons que j'ay fait comprendre a ces troupes d'lnif- 
killing et Derry, qu'il u'etoit pas jufte qu'ils eufferit 

' ieuf 


leur paye aufly haute que les Anglois qui ont etc en- 
voyez par votre Majefte en ce royaume. lis ne s'ea 
eloignent pas. Mais ayant bien examine le paye des 
officiers Irlandois, elle eft prefque aufTy haute que celle 
des officiers Anglois. Ce qui me femble eft trop pour 
des officiers, dont les plupart font des payfans, 

II eft deux ou trois regiments d'infanteries Fran9oire 
en fubfiftence feulemcnt, fans pader du deconte des 
officiers environ mille livres Sterlings chacun, Comrge 
le foldat ne peut rien acheter au marche, cela le met 
dans une grande. diifette, et en fait tomber beaucoup ma- 
lade. Les colonels n'ont pas laiiTe de faire partir des 
officiers pour faire des rccreiies en Suifie j mais il fau- 
droit qu'on leur donna quelque argent fur bon compte 
' de ce qui leur eft deu. lis ont ecrit a M. Leftang, afin 
qu'il re9oive les ordres de votre Majefte fur cette ai-, 
licle : car pour Mr, Kerbort, il ne ftnit jamais quand 
i.l eft queftion de payer les troupes, comme je I'ay man-, 
de a votre Majefte ; a quoy je fuis oblige d'ajouter, 
que ce qui nous a fait manquer de rnedicine lacampagne 
pafle, c'eft que Herbert n'a pas voulu donner de Far- 
gent a. I'apoticaire Augibaut, a Londres, quoyqueje en ay paile fouvent, et envoye chez luy. Ily a 
d'autres plaintes icy de luy, cela feroit trop long. Son, 
avarice n'a que trop paru, particulierement en ce point, 
qu'il n'a pas fait de deconte de pas un regiment, ce qui., 
nous caufe icy une grande confufion. 

Votre Maiefte auroit bien befoin icy de quelque per- 
fonnes de juftice : ceux qui j'ay voulu employer icy ne, 
fongent qu'a leur intereftsj et on fait plus deconfufipn, 
que de bien, 

M. Duglafs, lieutenant-genpralj . m'a mont^e une . 
lettre de M. le compte de Solms, par laquelle il luy 
Diande qu'il a obtenu de votre Majefte fon conge pour 
allcr a Londres, J'y mande Jans un de mes memoires 
a votre Majefte, qu'il ne s'etoitpas fait aimer danscette 
armee, on i'a trouvee fort fier. C'eft de quoy on ne 
fe mettroit pas tanten peine, ft cela etoit repare par une 
grande capacite, Jc ne voy pas icy d'ofticiers generaur. 
I E ^ capable 


capable de commander une aifle d'une armee le jour 
d'une battaille. 

M. Duglafs pourra dire a votre Majefte, que les re- 
giments qui font fur la frontier d'Armagh, Teinan, 
Clannifti, et Newry, foufFrent un peu de n'etre pas bien 
logez, et de coucher fur la paille. Mais £i nous aban- 
donnions ces places, cela etrefiiroit nos quartiers, et 
donneroit lieu aux ennemys de s'en prevaloir, qui ne font 
pas plus a leur aife que nous, et dont il en meurt tous 
les jours beaucoup et de leur payfans. La nation An- 
gloife eft fi delicatement elevee, que d'abord qu'ils font 
hors de leur pays, ils deperiflent partout ou je les ay 
vfi fervir, dans les pays etrangers, les premiers cam- 

Je croy, Sire, etre de mon devoir dire encore un mot 
fur le fujet de M. Herbort, dont j'ay deja parle a votre 
Majefte dans un des mes memoires. C'eft a I'egard des 
guinees et des cabs. Ceux qui favent mieux cajculer 
ces^ chofes la que moy, m'ont fait entendre, que 1-e 
profit qui fe retire la deflus, fur toute la depenfe que 
Ton fait pour Tarmee, il y a un gain de plus de qua- 
rante mille livres fterlings par an. Pourveu que cela 
aille au proffit de votre Majefte, je fuis fatisfait. 11 fe- 
Toit bien neceiTaire qu'il y eut en ce pays cy comme un 
intendant qui eut une infpeftion generale, cela empe- 
cheroit bien des gens a voler. 

M. de Scravemour a ete voir la cavallerye du coft6 de 
la comte de Doune, comme il en informera fans doute 
votre Majefte. Je n'ay rien a ajouter, finon que les re- 
giments de la Mere, Devonfhire, et Hewett font tous 
compofez. d'officiers qui n'ont jamais veu de campagne, 
qu^la dernier. M. Beyerlay, qui eft lieutenant-colonel 
du regiment d'Hewett, me paroift un honnefte hommc, 
et de plus appliquez, mais je ne croy pas qu'il ayt ja- 
mais veu tirer un coup de piftoUet. II feroit a defirer, 
que fi votre Majefte luy donne le regiment, qu'elJe y 
met un boa lieutenant-colonel. On en trouveroit bien 
icy qui feroient propre a cela parmy les officiers Fran- 



fols, mais de moy meipe, je n'en; met pas parmy les 
Anglois, a moins qu'ib ne le demandent. 

J'ay parle a" votre Majefte peutette trop fpuvent des 
moycns pour porter des vivres avec rarmee. Van Hu- 
mery, cotnme \e luy a dit aui5» ^^ P^^ capable pour la, 
campagne. Cepepdant, je voy que M,. de Scravemour 
Je prend fort a fa prote6lion ; ii en faifoit de meme de 
Shales. Je ne pretend pas entrcr dans ce fecret pour 
quoi i.I. le fait ; mais jecroy au/Ty qu'il eft de rnon de^ 
voird'en avertir votre Maj.efte, comnie j'ay fait auflytot 
que j'ay debarque icy avec les troupes. Depuis que 
Shales eft en prifon, ct qu'il a ete examine par fir 
John Tapom, qui. a vifite fes papiers, il y a troiivecette 
lettre, que je n'ay pas j.yge a prppos qq'il lai^a parmy 
d'autres papiers, pour enyoyer en AngJeterrej mais 
qu'il falloit mieux queje I'envoyaiTe dans mon paquett 
a votre Majefte, laquelle elle peut bruler apres I'avoir 
leii ft elle juge a propos. J'aurois fait partir le dit . 
^halesj n'ctoit qu'il eft rnalade ayffi^. 

Lifborne, 9th January, 1^89. 
PR^SSEI^ Captain St. Sauveur to leave this, that 
your Majefty may be informed, of the embarraflV 
ment I am undetj by Mr. Harbord's leaving us with- 
out money. He played me two or three, of the fame, 
tricks atDundallc. When affairs go ill, he makes His 
cfcape. He took fright that he f|iould fall; ilL He ufed 
as a pretence for going to Belfaft, that he was to take 
care the fick fhould want nothing, ^ight days after, 
I learnt that he was gone to a fine houfe to breathe a 
good air, without having fen,t even one of his people ta, 
^elfaft, to get a ftate of the hofpital. I am not aftift- 
ed here by any body. I do not, know if he will ferve 
^our Majefty well : he is .a m,an who looks too much to 
l|is Qyfn intereft. 

E, 4., I. .ana* 


I am glad that the Daniih cavalry does not come fo 
foon, for I fear that we have not enough of ftraw and 
oats here for the cavalry which we have. As forhay^ 
it will Hand at Van Humery to make it come ; but he 
has a fmall genius for fuch an affair : his partner does 
not come from England, and Van Humery has not a 
penny but v/hat I have lent him. I have told him to 
write to his partner to buy a great quantity of hay, of 
■which he may fell a part to the officers of the infantry. 
If they do not provide better equipages than they did 
laft year, they will not be capable of ferving next cam- 
paign. If the regiments of French infantry could 
have got money from Harbord, they might alrea- 
dy have fent into SwiiTerland for recruits. Your 
Majelry gets more fervice from thefe three regiments,, 
and from that of their cavalry, than from twice the 
number of any others. 

Your Majelty will fee by my laft memorial, the rea- 
fons which I gave to the troops of InifKilling and 
Derry, to {how them it was not juft they fhould have 
as high pay as Englifn troops fent into this kingdom. 
They feem to yield to them ; but the pay of the Irifh 
officers being well examined, it is almoft as high as the 
iSngUfh. This appears to be too much for officers, 
molt part of whom are peafants. 

There are two or three regiments of French infantry, 
who have only fubfidence money, not to mentiori 
30Co/. due to each of them, for the arrears of the of- 
ficers. As the foldier cannot buy nny thing in the 
market, this reduces him to famine, and mckes many 
of them fall ill. The colonels have not neglected to fend 
the officers to SwifTerland for recruits : but they ought 
to have had fome of the money that is due to them. 
They have written to Mr. Le Stang to receive your 
Majt fly's orders upon this article; for as to Mr. Har- 
bord, he never brings things to an end, when the qucf- 
tion is to pay the troops, as I told your Majefty; to 
which I am obliged to add, that what made us want 
medicines laft campaign was, that Mr. Harbord vvoyld 



jiot give money to the apothecary, Augebautj though 
I fpolce to him of it, and fent to him. There are other 
complaints of him here, which would be too lono-. 
His avarice has appeared too much, particularly in his 
not having paid the officers' arrears, which caufes a 
great confufion here. 

Your Majefty will need here fome officers of juf- 
tice. Thofe whom I employed here think of nothing 
but their intereft, and create more confufion thaa 

Lieutenant general Douglas (hewed me a letter from 
count Solmes, in which he tells him that he has got 
your Majefty 's leave of abfence. I told your Majefty, 
in a former memorial, that he was not beloved in this 
army, he being thought too haughty. This might be 
overlooked if he made up for it by great capacity. I 
do not fee any general cfHcers here capable of com- 
manding the wing of an army in the day of battle. 

Mr. Douglas will tell your Majefty that the regi- 
ments on the frontiers ofArdmagh, Tunan, Clannifli, 
Newry, fufFer a little from not being well lodged, 
and lying on ftraw. But if v/e abandon thofe places, 
it would ftraiten our quarters, and enable the enemy to 
make ufe of them, who are not more at their eafe than 
us. Many of them and of their peafants die every day. 
The Englifli nation is fo delicately bred, that, as foon 
as they are out of their own country, they die the firft: 
campaign, in all the foreign countries where I have 
feen them ferve, 

I think it. Sir, my duty to fay a word of Mr. Har^ 
bord, of whom I have fpoken in a former letter : it is 
with regard to the guineas and cabs. Thofe who un- 
derftand the calculation of thefe things better than me, 
tell me, that the profit upon thefe, on the expence of 
the whole army, amounts to above 40,000 /. a year. 
If that is faved for your Majefty, I am fatisfied. It 
will be neceftary, that there was in this country an 
intendant, who had a general infpe^ion. This would 
prevent many from ftealing. 



74 appendix: 

Mr. Scravemore has been to fee the cavalry in the 
county of Down, as he will doubtlefs have informed, 
your Majefty. I have nothing to adj, but. that the 
regiments of de la Mer, Devonfhire, and Hewet, are 
all compofed of officers who never faw a campaign but 
the laft. Mr. Beverly, the lieutenant-colonel of 
Hewet's regiment, appears to be an honourable man, 
and to have application : but I do not believe that he 
ever faw a piftol fired. It were to be wiflied, if your 
Majefty gives him the regiment, that you would put 
into it a good lieutenant-colonel : feveral proper for it 
might be found among the French officers. But 1 
never of my own accord put any French amongft the, 
Englifh, unlefs the Englifh thcmfelves defire it. 

I have fpoke to your Majefty, perhaps too often, up-, 
on the methods of carrying provifions to the army a 
VanHumery, as I mentioned alfo, has little capacity for 
a campaign j however I fee Mr, Scravemore takes him, 
much under his prote£lion. He did the fame to Shales. 
1 do^ not pretend to enter into the fecret why he does, 
it i but I think it my duty to let your Majefty know it, 
as I did as foon as I landed here with the troops. Since 
Shales was in prifon, and examined by Sir John Top- 
ham, who infpe£led his papers, this letter was foundj^ 
which I did not think right fbould be left to Ke fent 
among the other papers to England, byt thought it 
better to fend by my packet to your Majefty, who, 
may burn it after haying read it, if you think pro- 
per. I would have fent off Shales if he had not been ilL 

^art of a letter ftrem the Duke of Schomherg to King^^ 
William.'-— -'Detail of fervice,''-— Complaints. 

De Liftjorne, le lo Fevrier, 1690. 

IL y a un article dans cettc depeche du committe, 
d'Irlande, qui eft de payer les regiments de London- 
derry et Inifkilling fur le meme pied que les regiments 
Anglois. Fuifque c*eft la I'intention de Votre Majefte, 
ij faudra qu'iU fe mettent fur un mellieur pied ; car_ 



Jufques icy ces troupes la etoient fur un pied de liberti- 
nage, et de voler, et piller. C'eft ce qui a ete catife 
que le colonel Rouflel ne put mener avec lui toutes les 
troupes d'Inifkilling, que j'avois fait partir pour fe 
faifir du pofte de Slego, et de le naaintenir. 

Le lieutenant-colonel Rofs, du regiment de dragon 
de Wynn, s'en va en Angleterre pour y acheter quelques 
felles et brides, pour raccommoder ce regiment; lequel, 
aufly bien que toute cette cavalerye et dragons d'Iniflcil- 
ling, font fort mal montez, beaucoup d'officiers et des 
foldats mal faits ; mais puifque Votre Majefte leur fait 
une grace fi particuliere de les vouloir payer comme 
dg5 troupes levees en Angleterre, on obligera les olB- 
ciers des dits regiments a avoir des officiers et foldats 
mieux faits. Votre Majefte ordonnera, s'il luy plaift, 
que M. Herbort donne quelque argent au lieutenant- 
colonel Rofs, pour acheter les chofes neceflaires, et 
pour revenir promptement. 

Je me fuis deffendu de donner conge a tous ceux 
quM ^ ete poffible de s'en difpenfer, car tpus les officiers 
de cette armpe pnt ujie grange envie d'aller en Angle- 

My lord Lifburn part prefentment, aufli fur la per- 
miflion qu'il a obtenu par une lettrede my lord Shrews- 
bury. Je luy ay dit fuivant ce que Votre Majefte m*a 
mande, qu'il. pouvoit garder les bons ihommes, qu'il 
avoit levez depuis peu en ce pays icy, mais qu'on ne 
vouloit plus de fes miferables gardens Anglois et Irian- 
dois, dont ils font far^y leur regiments quand ils fon£ 
pafTe icy. 

II eft arrive icy un miniftre, qui dit avoir obtenu une 
commiflion en Angleterre, pour etre le chapelain du 
regiment du colonel Rouflel. J'avois deja remply cette 
place d'un autre chapelain 11 y adeuxmois: Votre 
Majefte me mandera ce qu'elle veut que je fafie en 
cela : les ecclefiaftiques de ce pays font des gens peis 
attachez a leur paroifles- 

Vptre Majefte me permettra que je luy faffe fouvenir 
de ce qui regarde le train de i'artillcrye icy, afin de 



mefetre un bon officier a la place de Glaum, qui ei^ 
mort. Celui qui prefentement gouverne tout ce train 
s'appelle Aileway, qui eft controlleur, et je croy le feul 
bon officier que nous y ayons. II fera aufly neceffaire 
que Votre Majefte mande quel nombre de canpn elle 
veut qu'on mene a I'armee, puifque je voy par quelques 
lettres que Votre Majefte pourroit venir fe mettre a la Ton armee. II me femble qu'il feroit neceffaire 
qu'on mena plus de canon en campagne. Glaum 
m'avoit parle d'un equipage d*artlllerye que Votre Ma- 
jefte a en Hollande, qu'elle a fait faire pour elle, ou il y 
a meme quelques hawitzers, lequel feroit fort util icy. 
Cela eft contenu dans le memoire que j'ay fait avec 
Glaum avant qu'il partit d'icy. 

J*auray foin de ne point laiffer manquer de poudre, 
Mais comme ce canon pent etre d'un calibre qui n'a pas 
tout-a-fait rapport a celuy de la Tour, il fera necefiaire. 
que Votre Majefte donne ordre aus dits officiers de la 
Tour de s'en pourvoir. II eft vray que ceux qui y font 
entendent fort peu ces chofes la, pas meme a examiner 
les fiifils que les ouvriers leur delivre tous les jours, qui 
font fort ma! faits, mal montez, et ont de mechants 

Le colonel Cambon m'a montre une lettre de Lon- 
dres, par laquelle Ton voit que M. Herbort n'eft pas 
content de luy. Cela eft venu d'une lettre de change 
que Cambon avoit tiree de M. Herbort a Dundalk de 
huit cent guinees, qu'il lui donna la pour faire rendre a 
Londres afon agent, pour payer les habits de fon regi- 
ment. Les marchands qui avoient porte le lettre de 
change chez les gens de M. Herbort nc I'ayant pas voulu. 
acquitter firent leur proteft. Cela a tellement offenfe 
M. Herbort qu'il en a voulu mal a toutes les troupes 
Francoifes icy, et qu'il a dit que le regiment de Cambon 
n'etoit pas de 150 hommes. Je puis affeurer Votre 
Majefte, que quoy qu'il'en foit mort beaucoup depuis 
qu'ils font entrez dans leur quartier d'hyver, qu'il en, 
reftoit encore plus de 460 en fante, et depuis huit jours 



il luy eft arrive un fort bonne recreiie de Londres de 70 
hommes qui ont ete levez du cofte de la Suifle. 

Ily auroit beaucoup a dire fur le fujet de M. Herbert. 
Je croy qu'il eft connu eh Angleterre comme il eft icy 
prefentement fur le fujet de I'intereft, et je ne puisaflez 
exagerer le prejudice que cela a apporte au fervice de 
Votre Majefte, de ce qu'Il n'a jamais vou'u faire le 
deconte aux colonels et capitaines des regiments. Je 
croy qu'il feroit neceffaire pour le fervice de Votre Ma- 
jefte, qu'elle envoya icy un ordre aux commis de la tre- 
forerye qu'il a laiflez de faire ce deconte ; car quand on 
parle aux ofEciers d'avancer quelque chofe a leur com- 
pagnie lorfque I'argent manque, ils difent que comme 
on ne leur a point fait de deconte depuis qu'ils font dans 
ce royaume, ils n'ont pas un fol pour fubfifter eux 
memes. Oh etoit dans une grande difette d'argent, 
quand depuis dix jours les trente mille livres fterlings 
fontarrivez, lefquels j'ay fait diftribuer a toutes les 
troupes de I'armee fur bon compte. Je fupplie Votre 
Majefte que cette article -le M. Herbert ne foit leu que 
par elle. 

Je fuis fort aife d'apprendre que Votre Majefte a fak 
faire un traitte avec Pereyra, pour les vivres, et pour 
ics chariots pour les porter avec I'armee, qui eft la 
chofe le plus effentielle. C'eft a Pereyra a voir que 
ces chariots et charettes ne foient pas fi pezantes comme 
on les fait a Londres, et d'avoir de bons chartiers qui 
fachent fourager. 

J*ay ecrit fouvent aux ofEciers de la Tour, et a M. 
Bertie le treforier, de nous envoyer de I'argent ; car il 
en eft deu beaucoup. Et j'ay entretenu icy le train par 
des emprunts que j'ay fails, en tirant des lettres de 
change fur la Tour, qui n'ont point pu etre aquittees. 
Je fupplie tres humblement Votre Majefte d'ordonner 
qu'on donne de I'argent aM. Bertie afin qu'on les puifte 
aquitter, et que nous ne dependions point de M. Her- 
bort, puifque la charge de treforier de I'artillerye n'a 
Jamais dependu ny en Angleterre ny icy du treforier de 



Lifburhe, ioth Feb- \6go. 

THERE is an article bn the difpatch of the Ififll 
committee, ordering the Inifkilling and London- 
derry regiments to be paid In the fame way with the 
Englifh regimeiits. Since this is Yoiir Majefty's inten- 
tion, it will be neceflary that they put themfelves upon 
a better footing ; for hitherto tbefe troops have been 
upon the footing of a licence both to rob and fteal ; 
^hich was the feiafon why colonel RulTel could not 
carry with him all the Iniikilling troops whom I had dr- 
dered away to feize and maintain the port of Sligo. 

Lieutenant-colonel Rofs, of Wyrin's dragoons, is 
going to England for faddlfes and bridles to put the re- 
giment in order. That regiment, as well as all that 
cavalry, and the Ihifkilling dragoons, are very ill 
mounted, arid many of the officers and foldiers ill 
ihade. But fince Your Majefty does them fo particular 
a favour, as to pay them like troops raifed in EnglarSd, 
they fhould be obliged to have officers and foldiers better 
made. Your Majefty, if you pleafe, will order Mr. 
Harbord to give money to colonel Rofs, that he may 
be enabled to buy the things that are neceflary, and 
come foon back. 

I have reftrained myfelf as far as was poffible from 
giving leave of abfence. For all the officers of this 
army have a great defire to go to England. 

My lord Lifburne goes away immediately, upon the 
leave he has obtained by my lord Shrewfbury's letter. 
I told him, as Your Majefty ordered, that he might 
keep the good men whom he had lately raifed in this 
country, but that we did not want thefe miferable Eng- 
lift\ or Irifli boys with which they larded their regi- 
ments when they came here. 

There is a clergyman come here who fays he has got 
a commifllon in England to be chaplain to colonel 
Ruffers regiment. I had filled the vacancy two 



months ago with another chaplain. Your Majefty will 
order me what to do in this matter. The clergy of 
this country are people that are little attached to their 

Your Majefty will give me leave to remind you with 
regard to the train of artillery, to fend a good officer in 
the place of Glaum who is dead. The perfon wha 
governs all that train at pfefent is Hallo way the comp- 
troller of it, and I believe the only good officer we 
have. It will be alfo neceflary that Your Majefty fend 
me word what number of cannon you want to be 
brought to the army, fince I fee by fome letters> that 
Your Majefty may come to put yourfelf at the head of 
your army. It appears neceflary to bring more cannon 
into the field. Glaum fpoke to me of an equipage of 
artillery which Your Majefty had in Holland, mad« 
for yourfelf, in which are fome field pieces which 
would be very ufeful here. This is contained in a me- 
morial which I made up with Glaum before he left this. 

I fliall take care there ftiall be no want of powder. 
But as this cannon may be of a bore which does not 
agree with that of the Tower, it will be neceflary that 
Your Majefty give orders to the officers of the Tower, 
to make provifion accordingly. It is true the people 
who are there underftand thefe things very little, even 
the examination of the mulkets which the workmen 
deliver them every day, which are ill made, ill mount- 
ed, and have bad locks. 

Colonel Cambon ftiowed me a letter from London, 
by which it appears that Mr. Harbord is ill pleafed with 
him. The caufe of this is a bill of exchange for 800 
guineas which Cambon had got from Mr. Harbord for 
money payai)le at London, to Cambon's agent, for 
paying the cloaths of his regiment. The merchants 
who carried the bill to Mr. Harbord's people, upon their 
not paying it, took a proteft. This has fo much of- 
fended Mr. Harbord, that he has taken an ill-will at all 
the French troops here, and has faid that the regiment 
of Cambon had not i£o men. t can aflure Your 



Majefty, that though many of them have died fince 
they came into winter quarters, there ftiU remained 460 
ci them in health, and within thefe eight days there 
came from London a good recruit of 76 men who had 
been levied in Switzerland. 

There would be much to fay upon the fubje£t of Mr. 
Harbord. I believe he is known in England as well as 
here to be interefted. And I cannot exaggerate how 
much prejudice Your Majefty's fervice has received 
from his not paying the arrears to the colonels and cap- 
tains. I believe it would be neceflary for Your Ma- 
jefty's fervice that you give an order to the commifla- 
lies of the treafury whom he left here, to pay thefe 
arrears. For when the officers are fpoke to, to advance 
any thing to their companies when there is a want of 
money, they fay, that as no arrears have been paid 
them lince they came into this kingdom, they have not 
a penny to fubfifl: themfelves. There was a great want 
of money when, ten days ago, 30,0001. came, which 
I fairly diilributed among all the troops in the army. I 
beg Your Majefty that no one but yourfelf may read 
this article about Mr. Harbord, 

I am glad to learn that Your Majefty has made a 
contra£t with Pereira for the provifions and waggons to 
carry them with the army, which is the mofl; eflential 
thing. It lies at Pereira to take care that they be not as 
heavy as thofe made at London, and to get good carters 
who underlland foraging. 

I have written often to the officers of the Tower> 
and to Mr. Bertie the treafurer, to fend us money ; for 
there is much due. And I have fupported the train by 
money I have borrowed upon bills of exchange upon 
the Tower, which have not been paid. I humbly en- 
treat Your Majefty to order money to be given to Mr. 
Bertie, in order that he may be able to difcharge them, 
and that we may not 'depend upon Mr. Harbord, fince 
the office of treafurer of artillery has never depended 
either in England, or here, upon that of the army. 

Duke of Schomberg to King William ,-^Vant of arms^ 

De Drombre, le 146 Fevrier, 1690. 

J' AY ecrit fouvent a la Tour pour faire de meilleurs' 
armes, et de noiis eri envoyer inceflamment. Car 
on n'a jamais veu une armee avoir feu fi peu de foin de 
conferver leurs armes. Mais il fera necellaire que 
Votre Majefte donne des ordres exprez pour que I'ori 
delivre de I'argent a M. Bertie. Car j'ay emprunte icy 
tout ce que j'ay pu trouver d'argent pour faire fubfifter 

Dromofe, 14th February, 1690. 

I HAVE written often to the Tower to make better 
arms, and to fend them immediately. For no body 
ever faw an army take fo httle care of preferving their 
arms. But it will be neceffary for Your Majefly to 
give exprefs orders for the dehvery of money to Mr. 
Bertie. For I have borrowed all the money that I 
could for the fubfiftence of the artillery. 

Duke of Schomberg to Kijig JVilliam.- — Want of mmey%. 

De Lifburnej le 3me Mars, \6^o^- 

PAR mes derniers memoires Votre Majefte voit ce 
que le iuy ay mande fur le manquement d'argent* 
La necefTite m'oblige encore d'avantage a Iuy reprefen- 
ter, que je voys avec regret que fes troupes au lieu de fe 
racommoder fe ruinent manque d'argent, et que Votre 
Majefle venant icy n'aura pas la fatisfa6tion de les voir 
retablis commeje le fouhaiterois- Les lettresde Londre 
etant venue hier par EcofTe, je ne voy rien dans les 
miennes qui me faffe efperer que nous en ayons fi-tot j 
et ayant demande a un des treforiers de M. Herbord, fi, 
il ne Iuy avoit pas ecrit qu'on eut envoye de I'argent a 
Chefter, il m'a dit que non. Si M- Herbord n'en donne 
pas auffy pour \%% recre'iies a la cavalerye, et a I'infan- 
VoL. Ill, F tcrye. 


terye, il eft a craindre que les troupes ne fe mettront 
pas en bon etat. Car les petites fommes d'argent que 
nous tirons des doiiannes de temps eii temps n'eft pas 
faffifant pour en donner aux foldats. Les capitaines et 
les officiefs fubalternes en prennent pour eux rnemesi 
'6tant obligez d'en vivre aufTy, puifque depuis fept mois 
lis n'ont point receii de paye ; et fi on ne leur paye pas 
leurdeco.nte de bonne heurej ils n'auront pas le temps 
de s'acheter quelques chevaux de charette ou de bas 
pour faire la campagne. 

Mon devoir m'oblige d'en dire autant a. Votfe Ma- 
jefle fur le fujet de I'artillerye. L'argent que j'ay em- 
prunt^ icy pour la faire fubfifter n'a point ete acquirte^ 
fur mes lettres de change que j'ay envoye a la Tour, 
J'ecris a fieur Henry Goodrick d'en parler a Votre Ma- 
jefte de luy propofer ce qui s'eft pratique fouvent, que 
I'on donne qulqu' affignation fur un fond, quoy que les 
payements ne fe font que de quelque mois apres, les 
ouvriers ne laiiTcnt pas pour cela de trouver du credit 
pour' fubfifter. J'ay mande a mon homme d'aflFaires 
d*offrit' mille ou 1200!. fierling pour etre avancez aux 
arquebufiers. Et s'il arrivoit qu'iis n'tuffcnt point 
d'armes faites, comme je I'appreheride ainfy que je voy 
par la lettre de Votre Majefte, ne pourroit elle pas 
ordonner qu'oh tira trois ou 400ofufilsd'Amftfeidam et 
d'Utrecht ? car Votre Majefte ne peut pas faire grand 
fond fur les piques. ElleS etoient fort vieilles, et fe 
font achevees de pourrir pendant les pkiyes de la cam- 
pagne paftee. Pour les troupes d'lnifkiliing, ils ne s'en 
peuvent pas fervir.. Ils en difent de meme dei mouf- 

Liftiurne, 3d March, 1690. 

BY my laft memorials Your Majefty fees \vhat I 
told you of the want of money. Neceflity obliges 
me to reprefent to you. again, that 1 fee with regret that 
the troops, in place of recovering, are ruined tor want 
of money, and that when Your Majefty comes here 
you will not have the fatisfa£tion of feeing them re- 



eftablifhcd as I would wifh. The letters from London 
being come yefterday through Scotland, I fee nothing 
in mine which can make me hope for money foon ; 
and having afktd one of Mr. Harbord's treafurers, if 
Mr. Harbord had not wrote him that there was money 
fent to Chefter, he told me he had not. If Mr. Har- 
bord does hot give money to recruit the cavalry and the 
infantry, it is to be feared that the troops will not be in 
a good condition. For the fmall fums which we draw 
from the cuftomhoufes from time to time are not fuffi- 
cient to give the foldiers. The captains and the fubal- 
tern officers take it to themfelves, being obliged to live 
upon it, Tince they have received no pay for fevea 
ftionths. And if their arrears are not paid them (oovp 
they will not have time to buy cart or has horfes for the 

My duty obliges me to fay as much to Your Majedy 
upon the fubjedl of the artillery. The money which I 
borrowed here to fubfifl; it, has not been paid upon my 
bills of exchange which I fent to the Tower. I wrote 
to fir Henry Goodrick to fpeak of it to Your Majefty, 
and to propofe, what is often prafliled, to give fome 
affignation upon a fund, although the payments are not 
made for fome months after, notwithftanding which 
ithe workmen find credit upon that account for their 
fubfillence. I wrote to my men of bufinefs, to offer 
loool. or 1200I. of advance to the gunfmiths. And 
if it happens that they have no arms ready made, 
which T am apprehenfivc of by your letters, could not 
Your Majefty order 3000 or 4000 fufees to be drawri 
from Amfterdam and Utrecht ? for Your Majefty can? 
not truft to the pikes. They were very old, and be- 
came more rotten during the rains of lad campaign. 
As for the InifkilUng troops, they cannot ufe theirs at 
all, and they fay as much of their mulkets. 

F a £>uke 


Duke of Schomberg to King William. All things $ui 

of order,-^-^ — Schomberg' s generous offer. 

De Lifburne, le 7e Mars, 169c. 

COMME la faifoh avance, et que Votre Majefte 
pourroit arBiver icy et ne pastrouver toutes chofes 
en etat, j'aurois uh extreme regret, fi quelque chofe 
pouvoit retarder fes defleins ; et je croy devoir liiy dire 
ce que j*ay trouve par experience depuis que je fuis party 
de Londres, que I'on ne peut point compter jufte fur 
les officiefs de Tarmee qu'on employe, ioit dans les 
troupes, dans les vivfes, ou dans I'artillerye. Et comme 
je fuis refponfable encore plus particulierement de la 
derniere, je trouve qu'en ce que s'y eft fait depuis quel- 
ques annees on y a beaucoup trompe. Je ne mets 
point dans ce rang la les vieux moufquets, n'y les 
vieilles piques, qui etoient pourries; mais meme cequi 
a ete' fait depuis peu d'annees en 9a. Le canon a ete 
mal fondu comme cela fe voit par les pieces qui ont 
creve au fiege de Carrickfergus, ou I'on voit la me- 
chante coirpofition du mefail. Il ne nous en refte 
• qu'un. J'ay ecrit a la Tour qu'on nous envoye de$ 
pieces de 18 et de 24. Les officiers de la Tour font C\ 
longs a preparer les choies, je crains qu'ils n'arriveront 
pas devant Votre Majerte. Si j'avois feulement quatre 
demy canons prefentement, j'affiegerois Charlemont, 
ou on ne peut pas laifler les ennemys derriere, quand 
Votre Majefte s'avancera avec fon armee fans en etre 
beaucoup incommode, Avant que de finir Particle de 
rartijlerye, il faut redire un mot a Votre Majefte fur le 
manque d'argent qu'il y a a |a Tour, afin qu'elle or- 
donne aux treforiers qu'ils en delivre au fieur Bertie, 
treforier de la Tour. Lequel etant pourveu de quelque 
argent il puifie payer, les chofes neceflaires que Votre 
Majefte a ordonne, et pour celles que j'ay ecrit et les 
faire partir incelTcment, parmy lefquels font les tentes de 
la cavallerye et de rinfanterve^ dont on a precifement 



Ipefoin. Et comme les vaifTeux cnt un grand tour a 
faire, leur ^rriy4 eft uncertain, et ieur manquement 
ret^rderoit ia marche de Votre Majefte. C'eO: pourquoy 
je la fupplie tres humblement d'ordonner qu'on donne un 
convoy aux vaifleaux de la Tour qui feront chargez, afin 
qu'ils puiffc^nt partir incefljbment. 

Le Sr. Robiffon eft arrivee icy hier au foir, je I'ai 
fort entretenu fur les moyens de fournir dez a pr^ient ie 
pain de munition a toutes les troupes, et d'autant plus 
qu'il n'y a point d'argent pour les payer. En leur fai- 
(ant fournir du pain et de fromage il faut qu'ils ayent 
patience. Mais a Tegard des officiers j'en fuis fort en 
peine. S'il y avoit de I'argent pour faire leur deconte, 
Votre Majefte leur donnera moyens de le preparer pour 
la campagne ; car ils manque de tout. 

Je ne devrois pas une njeier de fi loin d'qu provient 
le manquement de I'apgent, et je m'ettone que parmy 
de gens qui en on tant a Londres, il ne s'en trouvent 
point qui pfFrent d'en preter a Votre Majefle. Je 
jj'oferois me vanter de rien ; mais. Q j'avois entre mes 
mains les cent mille iivres fterling que Votxe Majefte 
m'a fait la grace de me donner, je les ferois delivrer. a 
celui qu'elle voudroit pour lepayement de fon arm^e. 

Lifburn, 7th March, 1690. 

AS the feafon ^advances, and Your Majefty may ar^- 
rive here without finding every thing in order^ 
I ftiould be extremely forry. if any thing retarded your 
defigns. And I think I ought to .tell you that i have 
found by experience fince I left London, that there is 
no counting with certainty upon the officers employe;!, 
either in the troops, the prgvifipHs or the artillery. 
And as I am refponfible more particularly for the l^f}, 
I find that for feme years pal} there has been much ro- 
guery in it. I do not put in this.rgnk the old mulkets 
and old pikes, which were rotten ; but what has been 
made within thefe few. years. The cannon was ill caft, 
as may be obferved by the pieces .which burft at.thje, 
ficge of Carrickfergus, in. which one may fee the bad , 
F 3 compofition.. 


ttompofitibn of the metal. There is only one of them 
left. I wrote to to the Tower to fend us pieces of 
eighteen and twenty-four pounds weight. The ofiicers 
6f the Tower are fo long in preparing things, that I 
am afraid they will not arrive before Your Majefty. 
If I had only four demi-cannons at prefent, I would be- 
fiege Charlemont, where we cannot leave the enemy 
behind, when Your Majefly advances with your army, 
without being put to much inconveniency. Without 
leaving the article of the artillery, I rouft repeat a 
word to Your Majefty upon the want of money in the 
Tower, with a view that Your Majefty may order the 
treafurers to deliver jt to Mr. Bertie, the treafurer of 
the Tower. When he has got money, he may pay 
the neceftary things which Your Majefty has ordered, 
and thofe which I wrote of, and make them fet off in- 
ftantly ; among which are the tents of the cavalry and 
infantry, of which there is immediate need. As the 
vefTel^s have a great tour to make, their arrival is un- 
certain, and their failure would retard Your Majtfty's 
rnarch. Qn this account, I humbly beg you to give 
orders for a convoy to the vefiels of the Tower loaded 
with thefe things, that they may fail immediately. 

Mr. Robinfon came here yefterday in the eyening. I 
have tallced with him much upon the means of furnifti- 
jng from henceforth ammunition bread for all the troops; 
and the more fo, b'ecaufe there is no money to pay 
them. When they get bread and cheefe they mufi: 
have patience. But with regard to the officers, 1 am 
much in pain. If there was money to pay their arrears, 
Your Majefty wouid give them the means of preparing 
for the campaign ; for they want every thing. 

I ought not at this diftance to enter into the queftion, 
whence arifes this want of money, and I am aftoniflied, 
thar amongft thofe who have fo much at London, there 
fhould be found none who offer to lend it to Your Ma- 
jefty. 1 dare not boaft of any thing ; but if I had in 
Kiy hands the ioOjOGG/. which Your Majefty did me the 

fa V cur 


favour to give me, I would deliver it to whoever you 
pleafe for the payment of your army. 

Want of money and cannon;. 

De Lifburn, le 22 Mars, 1689, 

CETTE depeche va par le fieur Hamilton, kquel 
M. Herbort employe dans la treforerye, II dit 
que c'eft pour preffer M. Herbort de fong,er a envoyer 
promptement de I'argertt. Je croy qu'il a quelque 
affaire pafticuliere, mais le pretexts qu'il prer^d ^e laiflTe 
pas d'etre fort neceilaire ; car apres tout ce qiue j'ay 
mande a V. M. de la grande neceflite ou les, tEoupes 
font faute d'argent. Je n'ay plus rien a ajoutei feule- 
ment que j'ay un extreme regret de voir le prejudiGe 
que cela fera au fervice de V". M. et les accidents qui 
nous peuvent arriver icy, de laifler des troupes fi long- 
temps fans argent, fi proches d'un ennemy qui eft fl 
plein d'intrigue, et dans un pays ruine, ou le foldat 
ne trouve rien a fubfifter chez fon hofte, dont la pluf- 
part n'a rien ppur faire fubfifter fji famille. Ce man- 
quement d'argent eft. caufe que je remets a afTieger 
Charlemont ; quoyque nous n'ayons que deux; pieces 
de canon de 18, le refte etant ereve, etant de fort me- 
qhant metail, au fiege de Carriclcfergus. J'en ay ecrit 
fouvent aux officiers de la Tour, afin qu'ils fuppliaf- 
fent Votre Majefte, d'or donner, qu'il y eut un convoy 
pour nous mener d'autre canon et des bombes icy, mais 
ils s'excufent par toutes les lettres, qu'ils n'oni point 
d'argent, pas memes feulement pour en avanccr aux 
arquebufiers, pour continuer afaire travailler aux fuzils 
que je leur ay ordonne. 

En ecrivant cecy, j'ay receu une lettre de Carrick- 
fcrgus, par laquelle on me mande qu'il eft arrive trois 
vaifleaux chargez de vivres, et un ou il y a quelque 
poudre et bombes^ II y a fix mois qu'ils font charge z, 
et arrivent prefentement. 

Le Due de Wirtenberg eft venii de fon quartier. icy. 
ILeft aufli en peine de ce qu'il arrive tous le? jours des 

F 4 vaifleauK.. 


vaiffeaux de Highlake, et que I'argent qui eft deftine 
pour la troupes qu'il commande ne vient poinf. II me 
paroift un efprit fort doux, patient, et qui a envie de 
bien faire, 



Lifburn, 22d March, 1689. 

THIS difpatch goes by Mr. Hamilton, whom Mr. 
Harbord employs in the treafury. He fays he 
goe? to prefs Mr. Harbord to think of fending money 
immediately. I believe he has bufinefs of his own, but 
the pretence which he ufes is not for that the lefs necef- 
iafy ; for after all that, I have told Your Majefty of 
the great neceffity of the troops for want of money. I 
have nothing to add, but that I have an extreme regret 
to fee the prejudice which that will do to Your Ma- 
jefty's fervice, and the accidents which may happen here 
from jeaving the troops fo long time without money, 
fo near an enemy who is full of intrigue, and in a ru- 
ined country, where the foldiers find nothing to fubfift 
upon in the houfes of their landlords, of whom the 
greateft part have no fubfiftence for their families. This 
want of money is the reafon why I put off the fiege of 
Charlemont. We have only two pieces of cannon of 
eighteen pounds, the reft having burft, becaufe they 
"were of very bad metal, at the fiege of Carrickfergus. 
I have written often to the officers of the Tower, that 
they might entreat Your Majcfty to order a convoy to 
bring other cannon and bombs here : but they excufe 
themfelves in all their letters, that they have no money,, 
not even to advance to the gunfmiths for their conti- 
nuing to work at the fufees which I ordered, 

Whilft I am writing this, I have received a letter 
from Carrickfergus, by which I have information of 
the arrival of three veffel-s loaded with provifions, and 
in one of which there is fome powder and bombs. It 
is fix months fmce they were loaded, and they arrive 
only novvo 



The Duke of Wirtenberg is come here from his 
quarters. He is alfo in pain, becaufe every day vcfTels 
arrive from Highlaice, and no money for the troops 
which he commands. He appears to me of a fpint 
gentle, patient, and defirous of doing well. 

The following letter was given me by my ingeniou-s 
friend Doctor Percy. 

Letter luritten foon after the Revolution by Daniel Finch ^ 
earl of Nottingham. The Spanijh Friar mentioned Is- 
low was a£ied in fu^e 1689. Court Scandal, 

A M loth to fend blank paper by a carrier, but am 
rather willing to fend fome of the tattle of the 
town than nothing at all, which will at leaft ferve for 
3n hour's chat, and then convert the fcrawl to its pro- 
per ufe. 

The only day Her Majefty gave herfelf the diveriion 
of a play, and that on which fhe defigned to fee an- 
other, has furnifhed the town with difcourfe for near 
a month. The choice of the play was the Spanifh 

Fryar, the only play forbid by the late k . Some 

unhappy ixpreffions, among which thefe that follow, 
put her in fome difcrder, and forced her to hold up 
her fan, and often look behind her and. call for her pa- 
latine, and hood, and any thing fhe could next think 
of, while thofe who were in the pit before her turned 
their heads over their fhoulders, and all in general di- 
re6led their looks towards her, whenever their fancy led 
them to make application of what wag faid. In one 
place, where the queen of Arragon is going to church 
in proceflion, 'tis faid by a fpedator, Very good, fhe 
ufurps the throne, keeps the old king in prifon, and at 
the fame time is praying for a bleffing on her army.— 
And when faid, That 'tis obferved at court who weeps, 
and who wears black for good king Sancho's death ; 
'tis faid, Who is that, that can flatter a cour.t likes 

this ? 


this ? Can I footh tyranny, feem pleas'd to fee tnf 
royal matter murtheted ; his crown ufurped ; a diftafF 
in the throne : and what title has this queen butlawlefs 
force; and force muft pull her down. — Twenty more 
things are faid, which may be wrefted to what they 
were never defigned ; but however the obfervations 
then made, furnifhed the town with talk, till fbme- 
thing elfe happened which gave as much occafion of 
difcourfe ; for another play being ordered to be a(3ed, 

the q came not, being taken up with other diver- 

£on. She dined at Mrs. Graden's, the famous woman 
in the Hall, that fells fine ribbands and hcad-drefles ; 
from thence flie went to the Jew's that fells Indian 
things, to Mrs. Fergufon's, De Vetts, Mrs. Harrifon'sj 
and other Indian houfe; but not to Mrs. Potter's, tho"! 
in her way, which caufed Mrs. Potter to fay, that fhe 
might as well have hoped for that honour as others, 
confidering that the whole defign of bringing the queen 
and Icing was managed at her houfe, and the confuta- 
tions held there ; fo that fhe might as well have thrown 
away a little money in raffling there, as well as at the 
other houfes ; but it feems that my lord Devonfhire has 
got Mrs. Potter to be laundrefs ; (he has not much 
countenance of the queen, her daughter ftill keeping 
the Indian houfe her mother had. The fame day the 
queen went to one Mrs. Wife's, a famous woman for 
telling fortunes, but could not prevail with her to tell- 
any thing, though to others fhe has been very true, 
and has foretold that king James fhall come in again, 
and the duke of Norfolk (hall lofe his head : the laft I 
fuppofe will naturally be the confcquence of the firft. 
Thefe things, however innocent in themfelves, have 
paffed the cenfure of the town. And befides a private 
reprimand given, the king gave one in public, faying 
to the queen that he heard fhe dined at a bawdy-houfe, 
and defired the next time ihe went he might go too. 
She faid (he had done nothing but what the late queen 
had done. He alked her, if (he meant to make her 
Ijeir ejf.ampico More was faid on this occaficm thaa 



ever was known before, but it was borne with all the 
fubmiflion of a good Wife, who leaves all to the di- 

redlion of the k , and diverts herfelf with walking 

fix or feven miles a day, and looking after her build- 
ings, making of fringes, and fuchlike innocent things j 
and does not meddle in government, though (he has 
better title to do it than the late queen had. 

In King William's box there are two letters to the 
king concerning the diflblution of the firfl parliament j 
one on the tory and the other on the whig fide. The 
firft is in the hand writing of fir John Trevor j there 
is reafon to believe the other was written by Mr. 
Wharton, afterwards duke of Wharton, 

THE matter wherein Your Majefty bath been pleafed 
to command my weak opinion, doth in my ap- 
prehenfion confift of two points. Firft, whether it be 
moft for Your Majefty's intereft to hold on this par- 
liament ; and if fo, to what purpofes ? Secondly ; If 
Your Majefty, in your great wifdom, fhall think it ne- 
ceflary to diflblve this parliament, then what Ways and 
methods are to be taken to get a good parliament, and 
to make it ufefiil to your eftablifhment ? Sic. 

As to the firft part of t e firft queftion, whether it 
be moft for Your Majefty's intereft to hold on this par- 
liament ? I am with all humble fubmiffion of opinion, 
that Your Majefty's beft courfe is to hold on this par- 
liament for a time, and to try them for a fpeedy and 
certain fupply, that may anfwer and defray the charge 
of the government, during fuch time as will be necef- 
fary to call and prepare for a new parliament, which 
will take up feven weeks at leaft. 

The continuance of this parliament can be of no 
other ufe to Your Majefty but to gain fuch a fupply, 
for all Other benefits and expectations from this parlia- 
ment are loft and gone : the authority of the chair, 
the awe and reverence to ordefj and the due method 

9* A P P E N r> I X» 

of debates being irrecoverably loft by the diforder and 

tumukuoufaefa of the Houfe ; the managers having- 
faiaU credit, the rancour and rage between the oppofitc 
fa^oas being irreconcileabie, the natioa, in general 
grown weary of them, andexpeSing anew parliament. 
The DiiTenters being now under fome apprehenilons of 
Your Majefty, and Your Majefty having undeniable 
reafons and proofs to fufpecl and diftruft them, the 
confidence on both fides is grown lefs : the Church 
party difcouraged and alraoft in defpair : they will never 
agree to unite your fubjects by an Acl of Indemnity ; 
but-they may agree to tear away your miaifters, which, 
• is. a {s.fe method (under colour of redreiEng grievances) 
to arraign and eipofe your government to your people. 
and the world, which methods have heretofore produced 
very dangerous confequences, efpecially in the begin- 
ning of a new reign, all which mifcfaiefs a new parlia- 
ment will difappoint, heal and mend ; and lay a furer 
founjatirn for Your Majefty 's happLnefs than can be 
expecied from this piefent parliament j therefore 1 do. 
humbly conclude, that the fitting on of this parlia- 
ment can be of no other good ufe to Your Majefty 
(but quire contrary) unlefs to grant to Your Majefty a. 
fpeedy and certain fupply. 

To sain fuch a fupply will be the next coniideration.. 
The fupply demanded muft be tenderly handled : it 
muft be reafonable and proportionable to fuch prefent 
ufe and occafion as Your Majefty fball declare you. 
have for. fuch fupply, otherwile it will give the DitTen- 
ters a jealoufy ; and Your Majefty to amufe them had 
better a(k lefs than too much, and thereby leave them 
fome confidence, that you ftill depend upon them. 

Such fupply muft be alfo certain, and be made a 
fund for credit, and not uncertain orunufualj for fuch 
projecls will take up much time in debates, more time 
in drawing and framing a bill (wherein your council, 
are not very fkllful) and may meet with captious ob- 
ftructions in pafling both Houfes, which wafte of time 
is (as I humbly conceive) inconftftent with Your Ma-r 
jgfty's prelling occaiions i for by fuch lofs of time Your 



Majefty will become more ncceiEtous, and the Diflerr- 
ters will probably take advantage thereof, and will grow 
into fuch power (wherein they are indefatigable, and 
never to be fatisfied) that I fear it will be very difficult 
for Your Majefty to extricate yourfelf out of their 
hands, Sec. 

The fupply follows next to be confidered ©f. I 
humbly propofe for the quantity and quality of fuch a 
fupply, a concurrent afleflment for fix months, after 
the rate of feventy thoufand pounds a month, which 
with Your Majefly's growing revenue, may (I hope) 
be fufficient to anfwer the charge of the government 
during the interval of parliament. 

The way to efFeft this fupply, is to order your ma- 
nagers to confider the abfolute neceflity Your Majefty 
lies under to fupport the government and them j and 
to prefs them hard in it ; wherein great care mufl be 
taken, not to give them any new fiifpicion of ima- 
gining Your Majefly to part with this parliament, 
which they know is to part with themfelves ; and to 
that purpofe Your Majefly may intimate to them, that 
at the higheil computation, the Two Shillings bill 
will not exceed twelve hundred thoufand pounds. 
That very near two thirds thereof is already appro- 
priated. That Your ^lajefly cennot have credit upon 
the remainder thereof till the lafi quarter, which will 
not be till nine months hence. That there remains 
due to Ycur Majefty (according to this computation) 
eight hundred thoufand pounds, to make up the two 
millions promifed to Your Majefty, whereof this fix 
months afTefTment will anfwer four hundred and twenty 
thoufand pounds, and Your Majeftv may bid them 
take their own time, and let them employ themfelves to 
find out new methods and ways for the raifing the other 
remaining four hundred thoufand pounds, which Your 
Majefty muft alfo earneftly infift to be carried on and 
difratched, the better to cover ycur intentions. 1 con- 
ceive that fuch an aficfTment may go eafilv into the 
houfc, if the managers will cfpoufe it heartily, this 




calculation having already been opened to the houie, arid 
the fix months afleflrnent having been likewife moved 
for by Foley and fir Lewfon Gore, and there are very 
cogent reafons to be given for this prefent fupply, more 
proper for the tnanagers to give, as having more of 
Your Majefty's urgent neceflities in their knowledge 
than any other, and indeed this muft be wholly managed 
by them to avoid jealoufy ; and the church party to 
make a faint Oppoflton. This fupply may be begun on 
Wednefday next, or if the call of the houfe fhould be 
infifted on, then the Wednefday after, and may be 
iinifhed in a week. But if Your Majefty cannot pre- 
•Vail for fuch a fpeedy and certain fupply. Your Ma- 
jefty, in my poor judgment, will hazard much by the 
continuance of the parliament, and lofe that time in 
this, (without any fufficient fupply) which would be 
better beftowed on calling a new parliament, which, 
under God, I conceive to be the only means to anfwer 
all your ends, and to fupport and fecure your throne 
and royal authority, and to reconcile and unite your di- 
If your Majefty vided and diftraded fubjedls. If Your Majefty fliould 
fucceds, the be unfuccefsful in this afleflrnent. Which I hope you will 
on the excife not, I could wifti Your Majefty had a claufe of credit by 
may eafiiy and ^ ftiort bill upon the excifc, which was very ftrangely 

properly be in- , r, , , , i Mi rr r t i 

ferted inthefup- neglected, when the revenue bill was palung, tor 1 took 
ply b»ii. jj ^Qj. granted that fuch a claufe was to be ; for both Mr. 

Garraway and fir Robert Howard declared it : but I 
am afraid that the opinion remains ftill with fome peo- 
ple, that they are not fafe in their power and greatnefs, 
Unlefs Your Majefty depend upon them. But had a 
bill of afiTeflment pafled inftead of the Two Shilling 
bill, Your Majefty had been above all thefe difficulties, 
and out of the hands of thefe men j and it is plain that 
this opinion has obftruded Your Majefty's eftablifti- 
ment) he. But fuppofe, (which God forbid) that the 
houfe ftiould neglect or delay this fo reafonable and ne- 
ceffary a fupply, and fpend their time in fpecious and 
frivolous inquiries into projc<Sts and methods to raife 
money, under pretence of faving their land, and fall 



Into h^at, and run upon your minifters for mifmanage- 
ment, (the lords having provided feme materials for 
them) and leave Your Majefty's Englifli army unpaid, 
{which occafions great clamours ahd heart-burning) 
and the Irifti afFairs in a languifhing condition, which 
muft caufe great confufion in Your Majefty's afFairs at 
home, and difcredit abroad, and will encourage your 
enemies : What is then to be "done ? I do with all 
humble fubmiffion to your Majefty's great wifdom and 
experience, and with the deepeft fincerity of my foul 
conceive, that Your Majefty has no other courfe nor 
remedy under heaven, unlefs you will abfolutely throv/ 
yourfelfand your crown upon the diflenters, but imme- 
diately as foon as Your Majefty has made this laft rryal 
in all gentle manner, without farther lofs of time to 
dilTolve this and call a new parliament j and in order 
thereunto, to take thefirft meafures to maintain and keep 
the peace of the kingdom, And to provide for the fub- 
fiftance of the government during the interval of par- 
liament, and to make fuch other wife methods, whereby 
the church party may be fo encouraged, and yet the 
diffenters be affured of their indulgence and your fa- 
vour. But fuch a fcheme muft firft attend Your Ma- 
jefty's refolution in that point, and then my humble 
thoughts how fuch an alteration may be beft brought 
about and effected, fliall be ready in two or three days 
time for Your Majefty's perufal. Humbly craving Your 
Majefty's gracious and favourable conftru£lion of my 
great weaknefs, but good intentions, herein difclofed. 

Anonymaus letter to King William^ believed to be written 
by Mr. afterwards duke of Wharton.''-'-'=-'B.e^roaches 
of the King's ingratitude to the Whigs. 

SIR, 25 December, 1689. 

lElNG a proleftanti a true Englifliman, and one 
that wifties to fee Your Majefty happy and glo- 
rious, as a reward for the proteftion you gave to our 
sligion and laws> in driving out a tyrant who endea- 


vourcd to deftroy both, I think it my duty to lay bcfbft 
you the defperate condition you are brought into, by 
the flatterers, knaves, and villainsi you have the mif- 
fortune to employ. 

You will forgive my fpeaking plainly, fince both 
your own ftate, and the nation's require it j for i( you 
do not, without delay, wholly change your condu<ft, 
you are inevitably loft and undonCi 

Many thoufands of your abl'-rft feamenj are eithef 
dead, or taken prifoners, and the reft fo enraged by 
their ill uiage, that it will be difficult to perfuade them 
to ferve you next yeare. 

Your army, your very guards^ laft raifed^ are much 
difafFefted, and will help to ruin you on the firft occa- 

That parliament^ which fett the crowne uppon your 
head, is grown coldj and alienated in their affections 
from you. 

Scotland is fo far difcontented^ that you muft expedi 
a warr thence next yeare. 

You have loft the hearts of great part of your peo- 

You have an expenfive and dangerous warr upon 
your hands, and no revenue fettled nor money to carry 
It om 

And what is yet worfe, your court and your coun* 
cils, are filled and guided by fuch men as moft of ail 
feek your ruin. 

Thefe fad truths need no further demonftration, they 
are vifible to the whole world, and I wilh it were as eafy 
to propofe a remedy, as to know the difeafe. 

It would be an endlefs worke to lay before you all 
the particular mifearriages and misfortunes, yet will I 
mark out fome of the principal), which feeme to have 
caufed fuch a change in your affaires. 

Firft, gathering together king James's army, which 
was difperfed, and refufing the fervice of thofe honeft 
men, who came to you, merely out of principles and 
affedion, Thefe would have been true to you, and 



might by this nme, have made as good, if not better" 
troups than the others, who knew nothing but living 
diflblutely, and were hated over the nation > your good 
fortune, not their love, made thofe old troops come 
in to you, and whenever that finks they will be as ready 
to forfake you. Thofe were not your friends for your 
caufe, but their own interefl, feeing they had not si 
head would lead them againft youj and that the whole 
people were for you. If any of them were difcontented 
before, it happened from private feafons, either that 
their ambition was not anfwered, or that they were like 
to be laid afide ; in fhort they are corrupted in their 
principles, nothing can make them faithfuU to youp 
and thofe that remain of the old gang, will infe6l what 
men may be added to them. 

In the next place, that marty of king James's friends^" 
and others, knowne enemies to the laws and govern- 
ment of England, were receaved into your councills^ 
and promoted to places of greateft truft. 

This was thought a fatallity upon your Majefty, that 
you ihould pick out the moft obnoxious men of all 
England for your Miniflers, when the declaration you. 
publifhed at your coming over, was principally againft 
evill miniftersj and that yoU made maleadminiftration 
the chief ground to juftify your taking arms j there is 
fcarce one word againft king James in your declara- 
tions, the evil minifters are alone complained of, yet 
king James alone is punifhed, and the fame evil mi- 
nifters^ or wotfe, are employed, when you might havd 
found honeft men to have ferved you in all places. 

This hath beeti of unfpeakable prejudice to you, for 
it is vifible to all men, that the meaneft people feafona 
uppon itj that we muft expedl the fame councils and 
the fame government, from the fame men. If you 
did not come over to fupport our religionj and repairs 
the breaches that were made in our lawes and conftitu- ' 

lion, what can you urge but force, tojuftifye whatyoa 
-have done ; which would deftroy the ^^ory of your 

Vol. Ill, G tnterprize? 


enterprise ? Wee have made you king, as the greateft 
returne we could make for fo great a blefling, taking 
this to be your d^figrte, and if you intend to governe 
like an honeft man, what occafion can you have for 
knaves to ferve you ? Can the fame men who contrived 
and wrought our ruin, be fitt inftruments for our fal- 
vations ? or with what honor can you employ thofcj 
againft whom you drew your fword ? 

The pretehce of their being experienced, is very 
weak, their experience was only in doing ill, and our 
lawes have fufficiently chalked out the funftions of all 
civil minifters att home, plain honeft men of good 
underftandirigs and principles, fuitable to the ends you 
declared you came hither for, might have performed 
thefe duties, efpecially fince Your Majefty's great wif- 
dom can well fupply their defeats in foreign affaires. 

We have the charity to believe that this one falfe 
ftep -'hath occafioned all the reft, and that (miftaking 
your men) you have been mifled in your meafures. 
We are willing to lay all faults at their doores, if Your 
Majefty will not protedl them, and take all upon your^ 
felf : This is a rock we hope you will avoid, for it 
hath been fatall to fevferal kings of England. 

What or who but fuch men, could have made Your 
Majefty fufpedled to your people ? Thofe who would 
twelve months fince have poured out their hearts blood 
■ to ferve you, have facrificed their fortunes and all the 
hopes of their familieSj for your fake, do now grudge 
every penny that is given for the neceffary defence of 
your government, and repent their too forward zeal 
for a njan who defpifes his beft and only true friends, 
and miftakes the right way to advance both his own and 
his people's intereft and glory. 

They ftand amazed to fee that your Majefty, who 
came in upon one principle, ftiouldi, for the moft p^rt, 
employ men who have ever profefTed another ; that the 
glorious prince of Orange, who had rendered himfelf 
fo renowned in the worldj for his fteadinefs to truthj, 



juftice, the laws and liberty of his country, and the 
Proteftant religion, fhould, when he became a king* 
think himfelf lefs obliged to purfue thofe great and noble 
ends. The world was filled with your fame, when 
you landed in England ; your friends adored you, and 
your enemies melted before you j there was nothing 
wanting to declare you, in the opinion of all mankind, 
to be the greateft and moft glorious prince that had ap- 
peared for many ages, but your own refolution to give 
a finiftiing firoke to that character ; In THIS YOU 

I will fay no more on this fad fubjedt, nor accufe or 
name particular perfons, whofe villainous councils have 
almoft ruined you and us ; left I may be thought an 
enemy to their perfons, rather than their councils : but, 
fir, I befeech you to call to mind what advice every 
man hath given you ; and what paths *thofe you have 
been guided by, chalked out for you to walk in ; the 
fuccefs of their councils will tell you what opinion to 
have of them, whether they love you, and have ferved 
you faithfully. 

Could they intend your fervice or fafcty, that ad- 
vifed your Majefty to entertain king James's army, 
thereby making you liable to their great arrears, and 
putting your perfon and caufe into the hands of the 
enemy. You have not much reafon to think better of 
them by their behaviour fince that time. And then» 
fir, you may well remember, there did not five hun- - 
dlred men of all king James's troops come over to your 
fide till he left them and ran away; and many of thofe 
too forfook him, as rats do a falling houfe, feeing 
the fouls of the nation againft him, and that his own 
heart had failed him. 

Can you think, fir, that any of thofe men who were 
raifed by him out of the dirt, and have ferved him in 
all interefts, with all their hearts and might, could be 
Jfuch villains as to leave him, but that they faw it ab» 
folutely ncceflfary, for their own fafety, not love for 
G 2 you .? 

ICO A ? P E N D r X. 

you? and doubtlefs they have fo much honou^, aixl 
gratitude, as to betray you to him whenever they can : 
no man of reafon can think otherwife of them. 

Can they be your friends, vvho have recommended 
perfons to rnoft employments that hate yoii and yoik 
government, and can never be faithful to you j and 
where they could not put in afl fueh, as in fome of 
the great commiffions, yet have they prevailed for a£ 
leaft one or two of their friends,- who delay and en- 
tangle your bufmefss and make it rmpoffrble for the 
reft to ferve you as they ought,- let them defign it 
€ver fo fincerely ? by' the means of thefe men your ene- 
mies never vvant intelligence how all your bufinefs goes 
every where. 

If youf Majefty wrll pleafe to look into the charters^ 
. of your commifiioners of the treafary, admiralty, cuf- 
toms, navy, and excife, you will find in every place 
fomef whom all England are amazed to fee employed,' 
and trufted by you ; and believe you ftrangefy tmpofed 
upon in having recommended to you men who are 
marked to the world for infamous and corrupt knaves 
on every change and turn of government. 

But what furprizes yet more is, that many of thent 
were confidents of king James's, and afted as miich- 
to carvi^ on his intereits and defigns as it was pofiible 
for them j I wifh they did not fliil, or that they were 
not in a condition to render him greater fervice, where 
they are, than they were capable of all their life-tim-e 

Thefe men poifon and trouble yeur bufinefs in its 
firfl: motion, and it can never go well while they have 
the direStion. 

Almoft all their imps are as bad as they, and many 
in your own family of the fame ftamp. Some of thofe 
who daily ferve, wifh every bit you eat, and drop you 
drink, may poifon you. Though it feemsvery ftrange, 
that any manftiould have the imprudencfe to recommend 
fuch perfons to your Majefty, yet we ceafe to wonder, 
when we fee the corruption of jour court and minif- 



tcrs. The whole town is filled with infamous fiories, 
how they fell all employments^ more publickly and 
with ftiaiTie^ than in either of the two laft reigns. 
Good God, Sir, what a difhonour is this to your Ma- 
jefty ! at this rate, in a little time, the bafeft and 
vileft of men, and the moft inyeterate of your ene- 
mies, will buy theniifelves into all places about you ; 
your minifters will be detefted and abhorred, your 
court deferted by all honeft men^ and your government 
grow cheap and defpifed. 

Can they be you friends, who laboured to replace 
Icing James upon the throne, and bring your Majefty 
ito terms with him, when he had no power to fupport 
himfelf? Being not able to prevail for thjs in the Con- 
vention, they defired a regency ; that being rejefled, 
they fet up the pretended prince of Wales his title, and 
demanded evidence of his being fuppofititiousj that being 
jiot thought neceflary. < 

They would have vefted the royal power in the queen 
alone, without your Majefty, thereby making the huf- 
band fubject to the wife, contrary to the law of God j 
but that being carried againftthem. 

They would have made you both queen and king, 
giving the queen ftill the preference ; and that being 

They would have made your Majefty king, and her 
iqueen, fettling the royal power equal in both. 

So that, Sir, they ftruggled for every thing that could 
be devifed againft you, before they would agree to 
snake you king aloi^e i and it is remarkablcj they never 
yielded any one point, until your friends did, as well 
by threats as arguments, oblige them to comply. 

You fee by this, Sir, how they fet themfelves againft 
you. In that great affair, there could not happen a 
greater occafion to try who were your friends and ene- 
mies, and it was hoped you would make your judg- 
ment of men by it ; for thofe who would not have you 
king, were it in their power would have made you 


I cannot forbear acquainting your Majefty with what 
was faid at that time in the Houfe of Lords, by the ear! 
of Nottingham, though perhaps you may have heard it 

He confefled that England was much obliged to the 
prince of Orange, and that he was confident his high- 
nefs propofed nothing to hiajfelf but the glory of free- 
ing us ; and that he had too much honour, juftice and 
religion, to aim at the crown. If that were expected, 
it was not in our power to give : the reward was too 
great in itfelf, and we fhould pay too dearly for our 
liberty. For fuppofing the worft, king James was an 
old man, and could riot live long } and the prince of 
Wales was a child : fo that the adminitlration muft fall 
into the hands of the nation, and they might eafily re- 
flore the government to themfelves. 

I (hall obferve upon thefe queftions, that it will be 
found upon inquiry, that the perfons who efpoyfed 
them,' in both Houfes, (though fome have been pre- 
ferred, and trufted by your Majefty) have fince oppofed 
your Majefty's fervice and intereft in every debate. 

And that I think it next to an impoffibility for any of 
them to be fincerely in your intereft, or that you ought 
in prudence to truft them. 

It was the beft fervice that could be done at that 
time for king James, for while they delayed your Ma- 
jefty's from being declared king, they both obftru6ted 
your poflcftlng yourfelf of Ireland, and making the ne- 
ceflary preparations for the war in due time. 

While the rebels ftrengthened themfelves there, and 
the French king fent them the late king to head them 
^gainft you, and fupplies of all forts ; had it not been 
for thefe traitors to your Majefty and the Proteftant re- 
ligion, Ireland would have been maftered with little 
expence ; and they ought to have anfwered for the trea- 
fure that fliall be fpent in reducing it. 

Can you believe, Sir, that they who would have made 
terms for king James againft you, will not be ready, if 
jiny change happens, to make terms with him, for 



tbemfelves, though it were by delivering your Majefty 
up to him ? 

You fee, Sir, how king James is fupported by the 
French king j and with what infolence papifts, and 
many others, have carried thernfelves againft you and 
your government ; many thoufands talk againft you in 
^11 publick places, who not only declare thejr hopes of 
feeing king James here very fuddenly, but feem aflured 
jhat the nation will rife to reftore him as unanimoufly as 
they did to bring you in. 

This confidence cannot be without fome grounds, 
either from the afTarances given by his friends in your 
councils, or that they fee your bufinefs fo ill managed, 
that it is impoflible for the government to fubfift. 

At this conjundtureyou ought certainly to truft none, 
but fuch as you can entirely confide in j fuch alone 
whofe integrity is known to the world, whofc princi- 
ples have brought them to your fervice and intereft, 
^nd whofe fafety and welfare is bound up with yours ; 
pot fuch who would be in the fame poils, or bet- 
ter fhould king James be re-eftablifhed, and have be- 
trayed you to him ever fince you employed them. 

This fpirit that hath rifen up againft you is fpread 
over England, as well as about the town j and though 
you may not think the militia of much ufe againft dif- 
ciplined troops, yet if your Majefty will put it into fuch 
hands as you can truli, they will be able to prevent any 
rifings or tumults that can be in the country, and fecure 
your peace at home : therefore. Sir, it cannot be ill 
advice to fettle it all over England as foon as poflibly 
you can : they are paid by the country, and do not 
coft you one penny. 

There is another part of your condu^, which hath 
been of great prejudice to you j that you have carried 
yourfelf with fuch coldnefs, flownefs, and indiff*erence 
in all bufinefs, and between all parties ; the hands and 
hearts of your friends have been thereby vveakened, and 
your enemies ftrengthened againft you, 

Ga U . 


It was cxpefled by gll men, when you tool; the go- 
vernment upon you, that you would have fettled it both 
with wifdom and vigour, that you would have made 
yourfelf fafe from your foes, and put all power into the 
hands of your friends, Your enemies gave over all 
hopes, but thofe of your mercy, and would never have 
thought of difturbing your peace, had they not been in? 
vited to it by the ill conduct of your affairs. 

It is no wonder that fo many of them are crept in a- 
bout you, and that fome have gained fuch credit with 
you, fmce you begin very early to forget your friends 
who had beft ferved you, and iliowed more kindnefs to 
thofe who had moft oppofeu you. Certainly, Sir, you 
gre the firft king fet up by power, that ever fought to 
be fupported by his enemies. 

Were they not fit to be entrufled and employed by 
you, who had hazarded their all for you ? or could you 
^hink thofe who had placed the crown upon your head 
not able to keep it there ? thofe are doubtlefs two 
very good arguments for their fidelity and power toferve 

Your coldnefs and flownefs in bufinefs hath made 
your enemies think you are afraid of them ; and your 
trimming between parties is beneath you and your 
caufe. Had you made ufe of thofe men alone who aU 
ways appeared true to the intereft of England, your 
enemies would not have had the confidence to have op- 
pofed you in any thing; 3'our bufinefs would have 
gone on fmooth and undiflurbed, and your reign would 
have been glorious : but. employing a medley of men, 
who can never aS: heartily together, your friends could 
iiot ferve you, and your enemies were encouraged to 
intrigue againfl: you. 

The wjfeft and beft thinking men do not comprehend 
what your Majefty can propofe to yourfelf from that 
fcheme of rneafures which feems to be laid before 



Can It be for your Majefty's fervice to truft or cm- 
ploy any of king James's creatures? 

Or any who are notorioufly known to be dlfhonefl: 
men ? 

Or fuch whofe malr-adminiftration heretofore made 
them hated by the people ? 

Or any of thofe who had a hand, in the two laft 
reigns, in bringing us into the mifery your Majefty 
hazarded your all to deliver us out of ? 

You fee. Sir, into what an ill condition they brought 
your affairs in one year. Is it not manifeft that fomc 
of them have betrayed you, that others have cheated 
you, and that altogether they put your bufinefs into 
fuch confufion, that you know not which way to turn 
yourfelf ? Your friends are hereby much difcouragedj^ 
and rendered uncapable of ferving you ; for they nei- 
ther can, nor will, a6l in the company, or under the 
(dirciftion of fuch villains. 

Your whole people complain, and your parliament 
is difcontented at it. If the parliament had not feea 
thefe men employed, I dare affirm they would have 
fettled upon your Majefty and the Queen the revenue 
for li/e. In the laft feffions they complained of thefe 
people, yet were then willing to give the revenue for 
five or (even years ; but now they fee fo much treache- 
ry, and the mifcarriages grown to fuch a bulk, that 
they can no longer bear them. Your Majefty fuffers 
hy it, for they will not truft while thefe men are a= 
bout you. 

Who would have thought it poffible, that the peo- 
ple of England would fo foon grow jealous of you, 
their great deliverer, as not to truft you with the re* 
venue for more than one year ? Thefe men are the 
onlycaufe of it ; and, firft or laft, you will find it ab- 
folutely necefTary to part with them. 

If they loved your Majefty, they would withdraw 
themfelves for your fakes and if they were wife menj 
they would retire for their own : for if they bring us 


to confufion, again, they will be certain facrlfices to 
the publick. 

Doubtlefs they endeavour to mifreprefent the parlia- 
ment to your Majefty, as if they defigned to lefTen your 
power when they queftion thofe about you, or are dif- 
fatisfied with any you employ ; thereby hoping to fliel' 
ter tbemfelves under your prerogative, and, prevail with 
your Majefty to proteQ; them upon thefe fpecious pre- 

This hath ever been the trick of wicked minifters, 
and as often their ruin. 

But, Sir, we hope it will not be in the power of 
any to fix thoughts in your Majefty in prejudice of your 
parliament. No king of England can be great or happy 
without a perfect good underftanding between him and 
his. people : their intereft is the fame ; and they are 
enemies to both who endeavour to<livide them. 

We cannot doubt your Majefty's afFedion for the 
proteftant religion and the people of England, fince 
you have fo much expofed yourfelf to fuccour them : 
and we hope, that neither the difappointments you 
may have met with on the one hand, nor the infinua- 
tion of ill men on the other, will divert you from finifli^ 
ing the good you intended us. 

It is true you have an aftergame to play, yet we hope 
it may be retrieved, if your Majefty pleafes to take 
meafures accordingly. 

Open your heart to your people, let them fee that, 
you fincerely defire their good, and that it is your mis- 
fortune, not choice, that you have employed perfons 
you find them diflatisfied with ; tell them you are rea- 
dy to quit whoever they diilike, and that you will 
never keep any about you who are fufpefled to them. 

The piitting away all thofe who are complained ofj 
cannot have any dangerous confequence j for their in? 
itereft is fo fmall, that altogether they cannot bring an 
hundred men either for or againft you„ 


This will regain ycu all the hearts you have loft ; 
this will fill the Ifland with acclamations in your praife; 
this will make the parliament give you all the money 
you can want or defue, and your name renowned to all 

We are fully perfuaded that your Majefty does real- 
ly intend the good of England ; and fince you 
do, why fhould you not take the moft ready courfe to 
make yourfelf and us eafy snd happy ? 

Since it hath not pleafed God to blefs you with chil-' 
dren, you will by this means raife yourfelf a name more 
glorious to pofterity, than if you had children to make 
princes over many nations.^ 

And if you had children to fucceed you here, yet 
this would be the way to eftablifh your throne ; 'for no 
king can be fo great in England as he that reigns in the 
hearts of his people ; and he that fincerely delires th^ir 
good may command the laft penny they have to give, 
and every drop of their blood toferve him. 

The propofal of fettling a revenue, by z6t of parlia- 
ment, upon the Princefs Ann of Denmark, was for- 
tunate for your Majefty, for thereby you faw the num- 
ber of your friends j and that if you take right mea- , 
fures, you may carry any thing in this houfe of com- 
mons. Your enemies could not have a more plaufible 
queftion to draw in as many to their fide as can be 
brought againft you on any occafion j yet you heard 
how weak they were ; the defign was plain to give the 
princefs a great revenue, and make her independent up- 
on your Majefty, that ftie might be the head of a party 
againft you. 

This was laboured by the to.rles and high church 
men, and carried for you by the honeft old Whig in- 
tereft : fo that. Sir, you have clear demonftration, 
which is the ftronger ; and we hope you will no lon- 
ger delay efpoufing the honefter part of the nation. 

Thofe who made you king, and thofe who keep your 
power from being eclipfed, defire you to lay afide the 
obnoxious men about you j and, Sir, we hope you 



yi'ill gratify us in a requeft that is both for your honour 
and intereil. 

Your circumftances are fuch, by reafon of enemies 
at home, and your wars abroad, that you will always 
want to be fupported by parliaments, therefore it is 
neccflary that you do \yhat you can to fatisfy your peo- 
ple, and do nothing to difoblige them to bring yourfelf 
into difputes with them, for it may be of moft dan- 
gerous confequence. 

It is obfervable, in the reigns of king James the 
Firft, king Charles the Firft and Seconds and the late 
|cing, that when they once came to have differences 
with their parliaments, they could never after call any 
new parliament that would do any thing for them ; 
^nd, on the contrary, that queen Elizabeth's com- 
pliance and affability made \]er wonderfully beloved, 
and her parliaments grant whatever Ihe defied. 

If your Majefty likes this advice, there be fome 
honeft men about you whom you may confult wifh to 
improve it ; tho* I proteft that none of them know of 
this paper's coming to you, and am confident they will 
think thefe the only means to recover your almoft lofl; 
game ; and it is what was done by king Henry the 
Fourth, a great prince, before you. 

I entreat your Majefty's pardon for this prefumptionj, 
and remain 

Yourmqft dutiful and loyal 

Subject and fervanto 
December ^5th, 1689. 

In king William's box there Is, in his own hand writ- 
ing, a fpeech he intended to make to his firft parlia- 
ment, when he prorogued it, with a refolution to 
diffolve it. It may be curious to an Englifh reader 



to compare this intended fpeecH with that which his 
minifters formed for hini. The two copies follow. 

The fpeech which king WiUiam intended to have fpoketi 
when he dijfohed his firji parliament -^ in his own hand. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

I H A V E all the reafohs in the world to give you mf 
hearty thanks for your readinefs in fupplying me to 
carry ort the wars I am engaged in : you may be af- 
fured that the nioney you have given me has and will 
be employed towards it^ as far as it will go ; and 'tis 
rhy greateft grief to fee my good people fo much charg- 
ed, and therefore would do all what lies in my power 
to fee them eifed ; and the fpeedy reducing of Ireland 
being of that great importance for the good of this 
kingdom j I am refolved to go in perfon, to endeavour^ 
under the blefling of God Almighty, to reduce that 
kingdom, that it may be no longer a burthen to this ; 
and as I have ventured my life fot the prefervation of 
the religion, lawsj and liberties of this nation, fo I 
am ready to do it again for the fcttlemeht of the fame* 

i . . i . And the time of the year being already 

fo far fpent^ that there is but a very little left to make 
all preparations neceflary to take early the field, which 
can't be done during the feffion of a parliament, fo that 
I am obliged to make an end of this, and do prorogue 
you till the firft of April. 

' My Lords and Gentlemenj 

I am fo fenfible of the readinefs you have fhown to 
fupply itie with money for the carrying on the wars I 
am engaged in, that I am glad of this occafion to give 
you thanks for your chearfull difpatch, which was ab- 
iblutely neceflary f jr the common fafety. The beft re- 
turn I can make to your kindnefs is, to afllire you that, 
as far as it will go, it Ihall all be employed to the pur- 
pofes it was given. 



It Is a very fenfible afflitSlion to me, to fee my good 
people burthened with heavy taxes ; but fmce they^t^- 
dy recovering of Ireland is, in my opinion, the only 
means to eafe them, and to preferve the peace and ho- 
nour of the nation, I am refolved to go thither in per- 
fon, and, v;^ith the blefling of God Almighty, endea- 
vour to reduce that kingdom, that it may no longer be 
a charge to them. 

And as I have already ventured ?ny life for the prefer- 
vation of the religion, laws, and liberties of this nati- 
on ; fo I am now willing again to expofe it, to fecure 
you the quiet enjoyment of them. 

The fpring draws on, and it being requifite I fhould 
be early in the field, I muft immediately apply my 
thoughts to the giving orders for the neceffary prepara- 
tions, which, that I may have the more lelfure to do, 
I have thought convenient now to put an end to this 

In king William's box there is the following letter 
to him, in the year 1.689, which feems written by 
Mr. Hampden, difluading him from going to 

YOur Majeftie having been pleafed, as I am inform- 
ed, to communicate to feveral perfons your refolu- 
tiorii) of going into Ireland, the great objedlions that 
occur to me arc fuch, that the infinite zeal I have for 
your Majefty's fervice, makes me prefume, in all hu- 
mility, to lay them before you. 

Firft, Sir, It is greatlie to be feared, that fince al- 
moft no bodie hath efcaped ficknefs that hath gone 
thither, your Majefty will hardly efcape it j and how 
fatal that may be, not only to England, but to Eu- 
rope, every body knows, Ireland bearing no propor- 
tion to the concern and intereft the world hath in the 
prolongation of your Majertie's life, the reafons where- 
of are plain, but too long for this paper. 



2dly, The great numbers of men which it will be 
necejOTary for your Majefty to carry over, and the many- 
volunteers wiho will be defirous to follow your Ma- 
jeftie, and will be compofed of fuch as are moft affec- 
tionate to your royal perfon, will expofe thefe two 
kingdoms too much to the defigns of turbulent and 
difafFedied perfons, too many whereof appear to be in 
England, as well as Scotland, who no doubt have an 
underftanding together ; and 'tis to be feared they do 
but wait for fuch an opportunity to execute their de- 

3dly, It appearing manifeftlie alreadie, that all 
things allmoft for the fupport of the armys, muft be 
fupplied from hence, and how difficult it is to do it, 
even when we have had the royal authority to command 
it to be done : yourMajeftie will eafily believe, that it 
will be next to impoffible, when that is wanting, to 
furnifh in time, and fufficiently, for an army near three 
times as big as this was this laft year» 

4th)3', The difficultys will be infinite in fettling the 
adminiftration of the government during your Majefty's 
abfence. If your Majefty intrufts your councills to a 
few, there exception will be taken, and jealoufies will 
increafe, though perhaps as unreafonably as hitherto they 
have done. If your Majefty make a full counfell, then 
faflions and mifunderftandings will arife amongft 
them, which will obftruft bufinefs, befides that 
it cannot eafily be refolved whether there ought to 
be any parliament or not, cv;n upon the greateft oc- 

Laftly, The expence of treafure will be fo great 
that it feems to put the whole fate of Europe upon the 
fuccefs of the expedition, which can never be certain, 
from the fituation of the country, the unhealthy wea- 
ther, the want of provifion, and many other diflS- 



That I may explain the reafon laft ofFeredj give m6 
leave humblie to lay before your Majeftie the ftate of 
the treafurcj and your charge for the next year* 

The land forces will coft •^— ^ — - 21,500,000 

Yournavy^ -^ — -— — ^ 1,400,000 

The civil lift, — » — - — - 0,600,000 

The debt already contracted, -^— 1,400,000 
The contingent charges of tranfports, clo- 
thing, magazines, hay, artillery, and 

carriagesj &Ci ■— - -- — ^ 300,000 

Total 6,200,000 

Towards this thefe appears a profpeft only 
of tvi^o millions, granted by parlia-> 
ment and the revenue in all, 3,000,000 

So there will be a debtj — — * — — - 3,200,000 

This debt amounts to fo formidable a fum, that the 
cfFefts of it appear terrible ; for firft, the want of 
money will be fo great, that your army will be in a 
great meafure unpaid t 2dly, it is almoft certain thaj 
it will create obftru6lions in all neceflary fupplies to the 
army from time to time, on which the fucc; fs of the 
whole bufinefs will depend ; and your Majeftie's honor, 
and the glory of your name, and the welfare af thefe 
kingdoms, are things of too great moment to be ha- 
zarded againft fuch apparent difficulties : but 3dly, k 
is to be feared that the merchants who are to furnifii 
powder and ftores, and the navy and vi£luals, will 
have fo loft their credit, that it is to be doubted, whe- 
ther it will be poffible to fett out a fleet another year^ 
which added to the danger of a mutinie, which may 
juftly be feared in an army fomuch unpaid, as this muft 
be, feems to reduce your Majeitie's affairs in thefe 
kingdoms to the laft diftrefs. 



And fhould the beft thing that can, happen, not* 
Withftanding thef- apparent dangers, which is the total 
reduction of Ireland, this debt would be fo great, that 
the parliament will certainly quarrel with the ill hufbai,- 
dry, and fay it might have been done for lefs, and the 
fadlious will certainlie make ufeof that argument, and 
the diftrefles your Majeftie's affaires will be in for want 
of money, to offer things more ungrateful to your Ma- 
jeftie than hitherto they have done. To cure all this 
in my poor opinion there is but one way, which is to 
reduce the charge, whatever the confequences be, to 
fuch a proportion, that the warr may be carried on^ 
and the government fubfift, and the armies and fl,et 
well paid, and thereby depend and be affefiionate to 
your Majeftie's fervice, though lefs numerous by this 
means. So Ireland will infallibly fall into your Majef- 
tie's hands the next year, if it doe not this. Your 
Majeftic will be free from clamours for money, and all 
the uneafie confequences of it j your mind will be at 
eafe, and your affairs, though not fo raifed in their 
vi£lories, wili be more fafe, and if a difappointment 
happen, it will be lefs afflidling, and eafier repaired; 
and whatever happen of objedlion from the parliament, 
there is this anfwer obvious, that your Majeftie hath, 
done all that the fupplies they furnifhed you with, 
could enable you to do. Butj Sir, if with this leffer 
armie and fleet, you fliould happen to be fo viftorious, 
but to a degree of getting Dublin, then. Sir, as the 
glorie would be greater, fo every body that had mo- 
ney, would be readie ta lay it out upon adventures of 
land there, to a degree of fupplying your treafure, 
whatever the parliament doe. To explain all the hap« 
py effects of fuch an accident, would be too long here. 
There is one thing more, which feems abfolutely ne- 
ceffary, which is, that after the raifing of the parlia- 
ment, your Majefty go into Scotland, to fettle that 
kingdom j at which journey your Majefty will doubt- 
lefs take fuch care as that your Majefty will be fafe 
for many years from having difturbance from thence. 

Vol . III. H and 



and fo defeate thofe that depend upon them here^ I 
ought here to have offered your Majeftie a fcheme for re- 
ducing the charge of the next year to the proportion 
1 mentioned, but not knowing how far your Majefty 
will approve this humble opinion, .and befides there 
being fo many abler men to make it, I do not iiere of- 
fer it, but if your Majeftie pleafes to encourage my 
zeal, fo as to command my thoughts, I will lay them 
before your Majeftie, with that integrity and true 
loyalty, which I mud always have to your Majeftie's 

In King William's box there Is a letter from lord 
Delamer to the marquis of Caermathen, in the year 
1689, on the fame fubjefl with Mr. Hampden's. 
Part of it is as follows : 

THE fmall regard which the king has given to mf 
advice and opinion, as well in relation to things 
as perfons, is an unanfwerable argument to me, that 
I ought rather to be filent than unafkt to offer my 
fentiments upon his going into Ireland j but whether 
fuch /legledl of me has proceeded from a mean opinion 
of my underftanding, or a diftruft of my Sincere incli- 
nations to his fervice, or elfe from a greater reliance 
Jiis Majefty may have in your abilities, and the inte- 
grity of others, I know not, yet I cannot but declare 
that it grates the harder upon me to fee a preference 
given to thofe who have juftly rendered themfelves fuf- 
pe6ied, by oppofing his having the crown, and ob- 
ftfu6ting every thing that tends to the feitling of it 
fmce it was upon his head. 

They are not many who will not allow me to have 
a competent meafure of fenfe, and the numbe'r is not 
greater that think I adb againft my judgment; and 
niuft it not then be a moft fenfible trouble to be regard- 
ed as if I were a knave or a fool, and by him, with 



whom voluntarily and unaHct I ventured all I had in tlie 
world, and wafted a great part of it, and have exerted 
the utmoft of my underftanding and intereft to make 
him eafy, fafe, and great ; but I have this to fupport 
me, that I have not done any thing to give him the lead 
caufe to diftruft me, nor ever ofFered him any advice 
which the iflue of it did not prove I was in the right. 


In King William's box is lord Annandale's confefllon of 
the Scotch part of the firft confpiracy againft Kiiig 

A full and faithful account of the confpiracy William earl 
of Annandale was with others engaged in againjl th& 
government^ written from the earVs own mouth by Sir 
William Lockhart, and delivered by the earl to the 
keen's moji excellent Majejly^ the i&^th day of Au" 
gujl^ 1690, 

FTER the firft adjournment of the Scotch par-*' 
liament in the year, 1689, the earl of Annandale^ 
Itjrd Rofs, fir James Montgomery of Scallmorlie, came 
to London, contrary to the king's exprefs command, 
and prefented an addrefs to his Majefty, which (with a 
paper called the vindication of it, written by Mr. Ro- 
bert Fergufon, as fir James Montgomery told the earl, 
who furniflied him the materials) gave fuch offence to 
the king, as made us quickly fee we had totally loft the 
king's favour. Thus the earl continued in London 
without entering into anydefign till the beginning of 
December, about which time fir James Montgomery, 
who is perhaps the worft and moft reftlefs mati alive, 
H 7, came 


came to the earl, and propofed to him, that* feeing 
there was no hopes of doing any thing with the king, 
we ought to apply ourfelves to King James, who was 
our lawfull prince, and who would no doubt give us 
what preferments and employments we pleafed. To 
this purpofe feveral days we difcourfed, and the earl 
having agreed to the propofition, it was thereafter pro- 
pofed by fir James to the lord Rofs, who after much 
difficulty engaged therein. Then did we meet, and 
confider the moft proper ways of making our applica- 
tion to the late king ; but fir James Montgomery had 
already fo ordered that matter, that the lord Rofs and 
the earl had little more to do but to fay Amen- For at 
this time he produced three papers, all writt with his 
own hand. Firfl, A commiflion for one to reprefent 
the late king in parliament. Second, InftruQ:ions to 
his commiflloner, confifting, to the beft of the earl's 
memory, of 32 articles. The third, A declaration 
calculated for Scotland ; all which were to be fent to, 
and figned by the late king. The perfon who was to 
carry this extraordinary meflage, and which feemed of 
greateft difficulty, was as ready as the reft, who was 
one Simpfon, whofe acquaintance the lord Rofs and the 
carl owed to fir James. Some days after, the earl was 
conducted by fir James to the Fleet prifon, where they 
again difcourfed the whole affair with Simpfon and Nevil 
Payne, and declares he was, in all, three times there 
with the fame company, only the lord Rofs was once 
■with them. Thereafter the earl had two other meet- 
ings on this fubjeft, the one in his own lodgings, and 
the other at the Globe tavern near Northumberland 

. houfe, where were prefent fir James, Mr- Simpfon, 
capt. Williamfon, fir Robert Clerk, and the lord Rofs, 
who was only at one of them, but does not remember 
which. Williamfon and Clerk did at this time refolve 
to go to France with Simpfon. The next and jaft 
meeting the carl had in England on this affair, was at 
capt. Williamfon's houfe near Hyde Park, where all the 

. above named perfons, except Nevil Payne, were pre- 


lent. We looked over all the papers were tp go with 
Simpfon, and the credentials he was to have from us 
was figned there, which was produced under fir James 
Montgpmery's hand in black ink, and writ over in 
white ink either by Clerk or Williamfon, and figned 
with white ink by the earl, lord Rofs, and fir James. 
The fubftance of it was, that they were forry they had 
departed from that du^y and allegiance they owed to 
King James, great afTurances to be faithfuU for the fu- 
ture, telling the neceflity of fatisfying the people of 
. Scotland in the method prefcribed, and that there might 
be full credit given to the bearer, which with the fore- 
mentioned papers were at this time delivered to Simp- 
fon, who carried them to Ireland by the way of France, 
This is all the earl remembers tp have been tranfafted 
in England in this matter. And the earl does declare 
that the whole of the proje6t was bottomed on thi? 
ground, that we were able to bring home King James 
in a parliarnentary way, being, as we believed, the 
majority of the parliament j for though we durft not 
make any infinuation to the diflenters of bringing home 
King James, they really abhorring that thought, yet 
many of them we knew would concurr to force the 
king to yield to thofe demands which he had fliewed his 
diflike of, or fo to oppofe the king's meafures, that 
(though they defircd not the parliament diffplved) yet 
would certainly oblige the king to do it, which would 
fo have ferved the defign that the earl can with great 
sffurance declare, that not only the country would 
have been in confufion, but that when the king fhould 
liave been neceffitated to call another parliament, the 
plurality would have called back King James, That 
this projeft might be managed to the beft advantage^ 
the earl and fir James Montgomery, about the end of 
December, went to Scotland, the lord Rpf? having 
gone tvi^o days before; and it was at this, time that fir 
James did fettle a correfpondence with Nevil Payne^,, 
wnder the direction of Archibald Moor, Patrick John? 
Jon, and Jame? fiarailton. The earl declares, that Tq 


foon as they arrived at Edinburgh, fir James and he 
■waited on the earl of Arran, and told him all they had 
tranfaSed at London, in fending the meflage to the 
late king, which he then approved of, and was willing 
to do any thing would bring home his old mafter. Thus 
matters w^ent on in Scotland, the Jacobites and we 
joyning cordially in the defign of obftrufting the king's 
affairs, fo as fhould oblige him to diflblve this parlia- 
ment. To this end all endeavours were ufed to oblige 
thofe who were for King James to come in, and take 
the oaths, fo that from the number of Jacobites that 
"were to come in on the one hand, and the appearance 
we made for the liberty of the fubje<9: on the other, by 
which we had many diflenters, and the advantage we 
received from the frequent adjournments, gave us good 
hopes of fuccefs ; but quickly we were difappointed, 
for when the parliament had fitt fome days, we plainly 
favv that the diflenters had got fuch a confidence in the 
earl of Melvill's fincerity, both for the interefl: of the 
king, and liberty of the people, and feeing us openly 
appear with thofe they concluded Jacobites, they left 
us almofl: in every vote. So that the Jacobites finding 
there might great inconveniences arife to them from fo 
publick an appearance againft the intereft of the king 
and fettlement of the nation, they told us plainly, they 
would leave us, and concurr in the money bill, which 
was the chief thing which from the beginning we ail 
refolved to oppofe. Thus the meafures of getting the 
parliament diflTolved being broke, we broke among our- 
selves, and every one looked to his own fafety. Whilit 
thefe things were tranfading in parliament, Mr. Simp- 
fon comes to Edinburgh with the return of his meffage 
from King James, and to the beil of the earl's remem- 
brance it was upon the being her Majefty's 
]3irth day ; he brought with him a great bundle of papers 
fealed up in a large leather bag with the late king's own 
feal. It was delivered to fir James Montgomery and 
opened by him in his own chamber, without calling 
either Rofs or the earl^ who were equally concerned in 



the meiTage ; fo that fir James might have taken out 
what papers he pleafed without controul. The earl, 
according to the bell of his memory, gives m the fol- 
lowing lift of what papers he faw under the late Ring's 

1. A commiffion to himfelf to reprefent King James 
in parliament. 

2. Inftruflions to him in a large parchment, and 
many particular infi:ru£tions apart. 

3. A commiffion for a council of five, very ample, 
to the earls of Arran and Annandale, lord Rofs, 
fir James Montgomery ; and whether Argyle's 
name was in for the fifth, or a blank, he does not 

4. A commiffion of council, wherein duke Hamilton 
and moft of the old privy councellors were named^ 
with a blank, for the council of five to infert 
whom they pleafed. 

5. A commiffion for the feffion, wherein fir William 
Hamilton and fir James Ogilvie were named, and 
feveral others which the earl does not remember. 

6. A commiffion of judiciary. 

7. A commiffion to James Stuart to be lord advo- 

8. A general indemnity, fix perfons only excepted | 
the earl of Melville, lord Leven, lieutenant-gene- 
ral Dougiafs, major-general Mackay, fir John 
Dalrymple lord advocate, and the bilhop oi 

9. A great many letters, writ with King James's 
own hand, to moft of the confiderable men in 
Scotland, and above 40 more fuperfcribed by him 
to be dire6ted and delivered as the council of five 
Ihould think fitt. 

10. A letter to the three that fent the meflage. 

J I. A particular letter to Annandale, and a com- 
miffion to command the caftle of Edinburgh j and 
^ patent for a marquifs. 

P 4 JS. TJ|§. 


12, The earl has heard that fir James had a particu- 
lar letter ; but he Taw a commiffion to be fecretary, 
and a patent to be an earl. 

13. The lord Rofs had a commiffion to be colonel of 
the horfe guards, and an earl's patent. 

The earl declares that many of thefe papers are burnt, 
feme yet extant, and that what are in his own cuftody, 
he fhall deliver to whom Her Majefty fhall appoint. 
The earl of Annandale does further declare, that 
although he had talked with the earls of Linlithgow, 
Balcarras, Breadalbine, lord Duffus, lord Prefton, lord 
Boyne, and fir James Oglebie, fir William Scott, about 
the bringing home King James, and affuring them he 
■was in his intereft, yet the particular mefTage from 
London he only communicated to the marquifs of 
Athole and the earl of Arran, and declares that the 
meflfage having come upon the Thurfday, it remained 
with fir James Montgomery untill the Saturday morn- 
ing, that he and the earl carried all the papers above- 
mentioned to the earl of Arran's lodging in Holyrood- 
lioufe, where Arran and Rofs were, and there did con- 
iult what papers were proper to fliow to the reft of the 
cabal who were that afternoon to meet at the earl of 
Breadalbin's • lodgings. It was here refolved, that 
nothing fhould be communicated to them but King 
James's commiffion to his commiflioner, the 32 articles 
of inftruftions, and the particular letters, becaufe we 
apprehended the reft would have taken umbrage at the 
extraordinary truft given to us by the commiffion of the 
<council of 5, and commiffions for the greateft trufts 
and firft offices of the kingdom, which fome of them- 
felves had in the late king's reign enjoyed. So in the 
afternoon, according to appointment, we met at the 
carl of Breadalbin's lodging, where were prefent the 
marquifs of Athole,- the earl of Linlithgow, Annan- 
dale, Balcarras, Breadalbin, lord Rofs, fir James 
Montgomery, who after having confidered the papers, 
•were not fatisfied with them, and were ill pleafed that 
the declaration fent to France was not returned, and all 



of them did extremely blame us who h^d fent the 
meflage, for thinking it was poflible to do JCing James's 
bufmefs in this parliament, and that in place of thefe; 
papers, we ought to have writ for ammunition and 
arms and forces if they could be obtained. So we 
parted, and the papers continued in Breadailbin's hands, 
untill the Monday, at which time fir James Montgo- 
mery and the earl returned to Breadalbin's lodgings, 
who fent for one Cambell a writer, who had the keep- 
ing of the papers ; and we being fatisfied that th«y 
could be of no import for king James's fervice, and 
might prove deflru6live to us if they fhould come into 
the hands of the government, we in Breadalbin's bed-* 
chamber burned them. 


In king William's box are the three following letters 
from the marquis of Caermarthen and lord Notting- 
ham, about the firfl: plot againft king William, 

Marquis of Caermarthen to king William. 

SIR, London, 13th June, 1690. 

i:7'ESTERDAY I received the honour of Your Ma- 
X jefty's letter of the loth, and this day we had the 
news of Your Majefly's being embarked on the nth, 
with fo good a wind that I doubt not but Your Majefty 
arrived in Ireland on the 12th, where I hope you will 
find your vi6tories as eafy as your pafl'age. 

The wind has flood fo well ever fince the loth, that 
I hope it will have remedied the miftake of thofe fhips 
which are gone to Kircudbright, and it may have car- 
ried the fleet wherever they would go ; only they will 
be retarded awhile by flaying to take up lord Pembroke's 
regiment on board at Portfmouth. I iniparted Your 
Majefly's commands to the queen concerning the parli- 
ament, about which I found you had 'given her feme 
intimation ; but it will be neceflary, before the time of 
jts meeting, to let her have your exp^efs diredions on 


that matter ; to the end her Majefty may deliver It aa 
fuch to the great council. 

It hath been expeded that before this time feme in- 
' formations would have come from Scotland, by whic-h 
fir John Cohrain and Mr. Fergufon might have been 
detained in cuftody. There hath little appeared by 
their papers, faving a conflant correfpondence betwixt 
them and fome of the club, and fir John's having been 
ordered to buy fome ferviceable horfes for my lord Rofa 
in April laft ; in which month it appears by feveral 
letters, which have been taken in other hands, that 
fomething was expected to have been then done which 

All things here feem to be in a very peaceable pof- 
ture ; and the dean of Paul's and I do intend to attempt 
the making fome Teconciliations in the city, amongft 
fuch as are beft able to contribute to your fervice there, 
if they can be brought to agree with one another. 

I acknowledge Your Ma^efty's great goodnefs and 
condefcenfion in having been pieafed to afford me ext 
prefTions fo far beyond what is poflible for me to de- 
ferve ; and I am fure that if I had not been already 
devoted to Your Majefty's fervice with fuch an entire 
refignation as is not poflible to be greater, I muft necef- 
f^rily have been fo, from the date of that letter which 
comes from an hand fo faqred both for truth and great-^ 
nefs of mind. 

I am forry that my fon's interefl: feeming to interfere 
with major Wildman's, makes it lefs fit for me to refle8: 
upon his aSings : but there are divers paffages which 
make it highly probable that Mr. Wiidman is privy to 
whatever has been a£i:ing againft the government in 
Scotland, and particularly his burning very many of his 
papers, as he did certainly the fame night after Fergufon 
and his papers were feized ; with whom I find he ufed 
to be conftantly in private twice or thrice every week. 
His proceedings alfo with fir Samuel Moreland, which 
are too tedious to trouble Your Majefly withal, and 
afjout which he gave fir Samuel a particular flri6t charge 


that I fhould know nothing. Upon that whole matter, • 
I do truly believe him to be a very dangerous man to 
the government ; and that neither Your Majefty's nor 
the Queen's letters do efcape his fearch, if he can get 
to them : infomuch that I am in my confcience of opi- 
nion, that of all the hands in England the poll-office 
ought the leall: to be trufted in his ; efpecially at this 

I beg leave to conclude with this aflurance to Your 
Majefty, that I am, both by obligation, inclination, 
and duty, SIR, 

Yours, Sec 


Lord Nottingham to king William.—-— -Lady Dorcheflef 
and Mr. Graham fpies to government. — - — TVeak JlatS 
of the kingdom. Prejfes the king to return, 


THINK it my duty to acquaint Your Majefty with 
fome informations I have lately had from perfons 
that are privy to all matters relating to the interefts of 
the late king, as Your Majefty will eafily believe, when 
I tell you they are my lady Dorchefter and Mr. James 
Grahme : the latter will now take the oaths of fidelity, 
and gives me this reafon for it : that though he has done 
all he could to ferve king James, yet, fince there is now" 
no further poflibility of doing him any good, but the 
quarrel is now more immediately between England and 
France, he will behave himfelf as becomes a true lover 
of his country, and a faithful fubjeft of Your Ma- 
jefty's ; concluding, that if the French king ftiould 
fucceed in any attempt here, it would be no advantage 
to his old mafter, who, by his behaviour in Ireland, 
muft needs have loft all that refped which ever the 
court of France pretended to ftiew him. This is what 
he fays ; but I guefs, that the taking the oaths being 
xieceflary to entitle him to Your Majefty's general 



pardon, tkis is at leafl one motive to induce him to llts 
j)refent refolution. 

He fays he will never be an evidence, nor would wil- 
iingly name any perfons ; but promifes me he will dif- 
cover every thing that he hears of the French defigns ; 
and if any letters fhould be intercepted, he will explain 
the meaning of them. 

He tells me, that almoil all the perfons of any quality 
in Scotland are in aconfpiracy againft the government ; 
and though all are not for the late king, yet they arc 
contented to join with his friends to overthrow the pre- 
fent conflitution ; ray lady Dorcheiler added, that my 
lord marquis of Athol had received 1200 1, to carry on 
this delign, but did not diflribute it as he (hould have 
done- She named alfo my 4ord Belcarris, who was to 
have gone lately into France, but wanted money. 

As to the French defigns, they, in profpeSt of the 
fuccefs of their fleet, intended to have invaded England 
with 40,000 men, part from France, and part from 
Ireland, where they expeQed the war would have been 
prolonged by avoiding a battle ; but whether the defeat 
there will alter their meafures as to the time of this in- 
vafion, he knows not : for they have ready great num- 
bers of tranfport fhips, and particularly for 2000 horfe ; 
and there are feme perfons gone into France to give an 
account of Your Zvlajefly's great fuccefs in Ireland, and 
of the poilure of affairs here. And Mr. Grahme has 
promifed to inform me of the refolutions taken there- 
upon in France, whether to delay or haften their attempt 
upon England : and I beg leave humbly to offer my 
thoughts to Your Majeftv, that it will be in a few 
days or not at all ; for though the defign was at firft 
laid to be executed towards the end of the campaign, 
vet it was upon a fuppoficion that their fleet would have 
wholly dellroyed that of Your Majefliy by furprizing 
them before they v/ere joined, and that the war of Ire- 
land would have lailed much longer ; and that their 
frigates would have deilroyed your tranfport fhips : but 
being difappointed in the two firf!:, (and I hope in the 



kft too) and knowing that it is poflible for Your Ma- 
jefty*s fleet to be at fea in three weeks time, and that 
Your Majefty is at liberty of returning yourfelf, and 
bringing a great number of troops, they muft conclude 
they fiiall not be able to make the attempt of landing 
here, and much lefs of fucceeding in it, unlefs they 
immediately undertake it, while there is nothing by 
fea, and little by land, to oppofe them ; and befides 
thefe reafons, I have a pofitive oath of a French fifher- 
man taken lately by the Crown frigate, that great num- 
bers of troops were drawing together to St. Malo's 
from feveral parts of France, and it was publickly 
talked of that they were defigned to invade England : 
and my lord Marlborough tells me, that colonel Tal- 
maih writes the Marfhal Humieres is drawing a great 
army to join the duke of Luxemburgh, but more pro- 
bably to be embarked at Dunkirk, towards which coaft 
fome French men of war were feen to be detached after 
the battle; and my lord further tells me, that it is . 
difcourfed here among the difaffe6led, that Humieres is 
coming hither with 18,000 foot and 2000 horfe. 

How ill a condition v^e are in to refift them Your 
Majefty can judge ; the fleet cannot be expeOied at fea 
thefe three weeks at the leaft, and, I fear, not near fo 
foon ; and though vice admiral Killigrew be arrived at 
Plymouth, yet his fliips are fo foul, that he can't avoid 
the enemy if he fliould attempt to come up the chan- 
nel ; and the difficulty therefore of joining the fleet is 
almoft infuperable : the troops that can be drawn toge- 
ther, will not be above five thoufand foot and a thou- 
fand horfe and dragoons ; and the reft of our ftrength 
is in the militia, on which Your Majefty will not 
much rely, and the moft conflderable part of that, 
which is in London, makes difficulty of marching out 
of London. Their auxiliaries cannot prefently be 
raifed, and expe6t to be armed as ufual, by the crown, 
and their offers of one thoufand dragoons and four hun- 
dred horfe moft certainly cannot be efFefted in fo ftiort 
a time as is neceflary, much lefs can they be fo difci- 



pllned as to be ufefull ; fo that, if the French fhould 
fuddenly land, they might in a few days be mafters of 
London, and from thence of all your fhips in harbour, 
and with the help of their fleet, of the others alfo that 
are at the Buoy in the Nore. 

I fhould not have faid thus much, had it been my 
own opinion fingly, but I think all the reft of my lords 
of the committee concur with me in it. 

Your Majefty knows the officers you have left here, 
and how few there are that have any experience ; but I 
am bound to tell you, that I hear there will be fome 
difficulty made of fubmitting to the chief ; I cannot fay 
with any reafon; but fuch an humour only is fufficient 
to difcompofe a greater ftrength than we can make. 

And I humbly hope Your Majefty will pardon me, 
that I tell you, there are not wanting difaffefted per- 
fons, who, although they will not rife in arms againft 
you, yet give oecafion of difcontents and murmurings, 
by faying, that Engla,nd is at the yearly charge of five 
millions, and has near 80,000 men in pay in the defence 
of Ireland, Scotland, and Flanders, and is itfelf naked 
and deflitute of the means of its prefervation. 

All which makes Your Majefty's return fo neceflary, 
that nothing fhould delay it, but the impoflibility of it 
with fafety to your; perfon ; but however, I prefume 
YourTVlajefty will fend a very confiderable body of your 
troops, and think it much better to hazard them than a 
whole kingdom. 

The meilenger is returned from Bath, where my lord 
Annandale was at his arrival there, and through folly or 
knavery has fuffered him to efcape. 

Whitehall, lam, 

July i$th, 90. YourMajefty's moft obedient fubje£t. 




Part of a letter from the marquis of Caermarthen to King 

JViUiam^ 12. Auguji^ 1 690. Sufpiciom of many in 


I SUPPOSE Your Majefly is informed by others 
what fcruples fome of the admiralty raife upon all 
occafions, and that as fome of them have refufed to 
fign the commiffion for the prefent admirals (though 
contrary to the exprefs orders to have it done) fo they 
row raife numbers of doubts about forming a commif- 
fion for trial of my lord Torrington, and are defigning 
to bring that matter into parliament, and to be tried 
there by a faction, if they can encompafle their defigns 
in that, as they hope to do in other things. 

I know not whether the Queen does give Your 
Majefly any account of my lord Annandale's confeflion 
to her this day, concerning the tranfadlions which have 
been fince December laft, betwixt the late king and 
fir James Montgomery, my lord Rofs, and himfelf. 
He fays he Ihall recoiled more than he has yet faid ; 
but he does acknowledge their having treated with the 
late king, and received commiflions from him ; and 
that one fir Robert Clark, captain Williamfon, Neale 
Paine, and one Sympfon have been their chief agents 
and meflengers. That Fergufon was privy to it, and 
others in England whom he does not know. That 
they did firft defign to have carried it on in Scotland 
by a parliament, but finding that to fail, their bufinefs 
was then to interrupt the progrefs of all affairs in par- 
liament. He fays fir James Montgomery is now in 
town, notwithftanding his having newly promifed the 
commiflioner in Scotland, that he would come diredlly 
to the Queen, infomuch that the committee writ but 
ten days ago to the Queen, that he had promifed fir 
James hefhould be fafe from any reftraint, and befought 
the Queen that his promife might be kept with him : 
but it now appears that he hath only cheated the com- 
miflioner, thereby to fecure himfelf from being taken, 
whilft he negociates with his confederates here, who 




have made fome of' themfelves appear, by refufing to 
fign my lord Rofs his commitment. 

I fear Your Majefty will find a great many fuch 
friends amongft us, and I believe you have not found 
the difficulties fo great in the conqueft of your adver- 
faries abroad, as you will do how to deale with a peo- 
ple at home, who are as fearful of your being too prof- 
perous as any of your enemies can be ; and who have 
laid as many ftratagems in your way as they can to pre^ 
vent it ; and if by your prudent condudl Your Majefty 
can furmount their defigrts, I fhall not doubt of your 
being as great a king, and we as happy fubjedts, as I 
wifli both, and will contribute towards, as far as can 
be in my fmall power. 

Remark.} The expreffion in this letter that thofe who 
refufed to fign lord Rofs's commitment were his 
aflbciates, is very fingular ; confidering, that from 
the queen's letter to king William, afterwards to be 
printed, of date July ||, 1690 : it appears that thofe 
who refufed to fign, were the duke of Bolton, the 
marquis of Winchefter, lord Devonfliire, and lord 

In king William's box is the following letter from l6rd 
Torrington to lord Caermarthen. 

Accour.t of the battle off Beachy Head„ 


I THIS day received your lordfhip's, at an unfor-- 
tunate place and at an unfortunate time ; for yef- 
terday morning, according to her Majefty's order re- 
ceived Sunday in the afternoon, we engaged the enemy's 
fleet with the wind eafterly, a frefh gale ; we bore 
down upon them. The Dutch had the van. By that 
time we had fought two hours it fell calm, which was 
a great misfortune to us all, but moft to the Dutch; 


APPENDIX. ^ 129 

who being moft difabled, it gave the French art oppor- 
tunity of deftroying all their lame {hips, which I hi- 
therto have prevented, by ordering them to anchor^ 
falling with the red fquadron,. by the help of the tide^ 
between all but one of their lame (hips and the enemy, 
that fingle fhip, for want of anchoring, is, v/ithout i 
maft, fallen into the pov/er of the French : we rid 
within three miles one of anotherj till the fleet came^ 
and then weighed. The French rid faft, which has 
given us the opportunity of getting about five leagues 
from the body of their fleet. We have the Dutch 
lame fhips in tow, and will endeavour to get rherri 
into the river, or Portfmouth : feveral of the Englifh 
fhips are very much difabled, and have lofl many men, 
of which I cannot yet give your lordfhip the particu- 
lars : others have had better fortune, myfelf for one 5 
for I have not lofl: many more than twenty men, that 
I can yet hear of, and eight cannon difmounted by the 
enemy's rtiot, and pretty many fevere (hot under water* 
Mofl: of the officers behaved themfelves very well ; but 
the Dutch, in point of courage, to admiration, I fend 
your lordfhip, inclofed, a copy of their defeds, as I 
received it from admiral Evert^en. as he delivered ie 
me this morning. Many of them, I believe,- have 
loft many men. Captain Noordley, rear admiral Jan 
Dick and Brackell killed. We have loft captain Bo- 
tham j and I doubc captain Poairoy will die ; two ma* 
rine captains in my regiment, and feveral fea and land 
lieutenants, and other officers. 

We have taken up a French guard marine, that tells 
me he was fliot overboard with the tafFarel of the fliip 
he belonged to. He alTures me (and if I may believe 
my eyes he fays true) that the French fleet confifts of 
eighty-two men of war, of which the leaft carries fifty 
guns, and not above fix of them lefs ; they have thirty 
firefliips : that feveral of their fhips have received da-^ 
mage is certain, for they have bore away from us j 
it is that makes me hope we fhall be able to make our 
Vol. Ill, i recreaS 


retreat good with our lame ihips, -which is tstterfy jm= 
pofTible if they prefs us ; pray God fend us well off. 
It has been faid they are ill mann'd ; but I do affure 
you the oldeft feaman that lives never faw quicker firing : 
it will be reafonable to take feme quick refolution about 
the Datch, whether they (hall go home to refit, or be 
refitted in the river. What the confequence of thts 
■unfortunate battle may be, God Almighty only knows : 
tut this I dare be pofitive in j had I been left to my 
liberty, I had prevented any attempt upon the land, 
and fecured the weftern Ihips Killegrew and the mer- 
chantmen. I have feiit the Mary galley to order 
Shovell and all merchant Ihipps he meets, to fecure 
shemfelves in the firft port of ftrength they can fetch. 
My intentions are, if poflTble, to retire into the river^- 
and there make what defence I can, if they comfi (o 
far : many of our fhips want (hot for their upper gtins,, 
and the Dutch have very little left. Had I undertaken 
this of my own head, I fhould not well know what to 
fay I but its being done by cortimand^ will, I hope» 
free me from blamco 

OiF of Beachy, July the if!. 

One in the afternoon. I am, &Co 


In king William's box are the following letters from 
queen Mary to king William in Ireland j all of 
which I print, becaufe they fhew the diftra£^ed ftate 
of England at the time ; and perhaps may enable the 
reader to form fome idea of the character of a prin- 
cefs, who was in one of the moft iingular fituations 
known in hiftory. 



^een Mary to king JVllliam. — ^—Her vexatidn at his 
leavifig her. 

Whitehall, June \%, i690» 

YO U will be weary of feeing every day a letter 
from mcj it may be ; yet being apt to flatter my- 
felf, I will hope you will be as willing to read as I to 
write. And indeed it is the only comfort I have in 
this world, befidcs that of truft in God. I have no-^ 
thing to fay to you at prefent that is worth writing, 
and I think it 'unreafonable to trouble you with my 
griefj which I muft continue while you are abfent, 
though I truft every poft to hear fome good news or 
other from you j therefore I fhall tflake this very fhort, 
and only tell you I have got a fweli'd face, though not 
quite fo bad yet^ as it was in Holland five years ago, 
I believe it came by ftanding too much at the window^ 
when I took the waters. I cannot enough thank God 
for your being fo well paft the dangers of the fea 3 I 
befeech him in his mercy ftill to preferve you fo, and 
fend us once more a happy meeting upon earth. I long 
to hear again from you how the air of Ireland agrees 
with you, for I muft ovi^n I atti not without iliy fears 
for that, loving you fo entirely as I doj and fhall till 

^leen Mary to King William. — Complaints of the ^eeH 

Whitehall, lHI}iilL 1690, 

• ! ^ ' July I, ^ 

1 Received yefterday, with great joy, your dear let^ 
ter of the -i|th, from Belfaft, from wheftce I fee 
you intended, if pleafed God, to march laft Thurfday, 
I pray God you may ftill find the Irifti air better and 
better ; I hope he will of his mercy give you all th« 
fuccefs we can defire. I muft now tell you a thing at 
Urge, which I foppofe you may haTC heard of laft 

I 2 pofts 

13: A P P £ N D 1 X= 

pc{t ; for after I had writ my letter and I'er.t it a^^-srj 
lord Nctt. lord chamberlain, a:id lord Alaribcroug'h 
came :o me. The lords of tne cabinet council had 
recommended fome perfons to be reprieved in order to 
tranfportition ? and lord Ch. prefs'd extren.eiy that 
M'Guire might be pardoned. 1 told him, that having 
ipoke to vbu about him, the laft anfwer you gave was, 
that Jie rnuil: be hanged, having deferved it j but he 
aC-red me that jou had receiyed other information 
fince, and would certaiulv pardon him were yoii here ; 
fo that at laft I faid I would confent he {hould be tranf- 
ported with the reft; v.hich I thought was all I could 
do upon his importunity after what you had faid. In 
?ny other cafe than that of a man's life, you may be furc 
I would not have been perfuaded fo f^ after what you 
bad faid, but I thought there was too much cruelty in 
refjfmg that for the time : but lord Nott. told me, 
you had taken a refolution never to pardon burglary^ 
2nd he defired that he might tell every body fo, that I 
might be no more importuned. I fhall not trouble you 
v?ith every thing thefe lords faid to me at this time, but 
the chief thing was that they had had theparfon in ex- 
amination, upon a report that lord Feverlham had for- 
bid him faving the prayer for your fuccefs at Somerfet- 
houfe :' Upon which be went ro him, and afked him if 
it were his order ? Lord Ftveriham told him. Yes : for 
it may be, faid he, if the <^ hears this prayer is ufed, 
fhe may take it for a pretence to forbid any prayers at 
sil in that place, ilnce fne is not obliged to have any 
thing but mafs there : but this {he connives at ; and 
lord Feverihara and the reft of the Protettant fervants 
contribute to the paying the miniiter, who they fay is 
zn honeft man, and does not omit any thing in his 
parifti : but he believing he muft obey lo.'-d Feverfham, 
did leave it out fome days ; upon which many of the 
Q_ D. fervants would not go to prayers there, but told 
it ; ye: lord Feverfham, upon Wednefday laft, ordered 
the whole office for the faft to be ufed. This is fo 
uCaccountable a way of proceeding, that I think there 


A P P E N D I X. 
is as much fol'y as any thing eJfe in it ; but I was ex= 
treme angry, which thofe lords faw, but I fhali not 
trouble you with it. I told them I thought there was 
no more meafures to be kept with the queen herfelf 
after this ; that is, if it were her order, as no doubt 
it is J but firft lord Nott. was to fend for lord Fev. 
to him ; I defired him to fpeak as angrily as it was 
poffible, which he prcmifed ; but lord Fev. was uith 
him as foon as he got home, having heard the parfon 
had been examined. He was it feems in pain ; when 
lord Nptt. told him all I had faid, he feem'd much 
concerned, and defired to come, throw himfelf at my 
feet, and own all the matter as a yeiy great fault in 
him, but done out of no ill defign : to be fhort, he 
came yefterday in my bed-chamber^ at the hour there 
was a great deal of company, (I mean then juft befors 
clinntr) he feemed extreamly concerned, lookt as pale 
as death, and fpoke in great diforder ; he faid, he 
muft own it a very great fault, fince I took it fo : but 
he begged me tp believe 'twas not done out of any ill 
intention, nor by agreement with any body : he aflured 
me the Queen herfelf knew nothing of it ; he faid 
^twas a fault, and a folly, an indifcretion, or any thing 
I would call it : I told him, after doing a thing of that 
nature, the beft way was not to be about excufing it ; 
that 'twas impoflible, fince to call it by the moffc 
gentle name I could give it, 'twas an unpardonable 
folly, and v.'hich I did not expeil, after the protefta- 
tions he had made ; upon which he faid abundance of 
syords. I doubt whether he himfelf knew what he 
meant by them, but I am fure I could make nothing 
of them ; till at laft he fpoke plajn enough, that I 
iinddtood : he faid, God pardoned fmners when they 
repented, fo he hoped I wQuld= I tcld him, God faw 
the hearts, whether the repentance was fincere, which 
Cnce I could not do, he muft not find it flrange if L 
would truft only to actions, and fo I left him : this is 
all I think to a fyllable what I faid to him, and as 
2?iuGh gs I could make fenfe of that he faid to me 4 



bat though I pitr the poor iran for being obliged thus 
to take the queen dowager's faults upon tin:', yet I could 
uot bring myfelf to fcrgive hiin. This I reir^err sber I 
did fay Tnore, that if it had been to myfelf, I could have 
pardcned hinr?, but when it imnaediately concerned your 
perfon, I would, nor could cot. The Q^D. fent me a 
compliment yefterday, upon my fwelled face, (which I 
do not know if I hive v> nc you word of, but yel^erday 
I had leeches fet behind my ears for it, which has done 
but little good, fo that it meeds but ilowly, and one of 
mv eves being again f re, I am fain to write this at fo 
many «ime5, that I fear you will make but ijl fenfe of 
it) and will ccme to day to fee me, but defined an hour 
trhen there was leaft companv ; fo-that I imagine {he 
"ci'l fpeak fcraething of herfelf ; and that which in- 
clines me the more to this opinion is, that (he has fenc 
for lord Halifax, and was fhut up in her chamber about 
buiiners with him, and others, the whole morning : I 
ihaJl give you an account of this bfefore I feal up my 
letter : in the mean while I ihall tell you, that having 
had a letter from M. Schulemborgk, about his moneVj, 
without which, he and M. ces Marefb both write me 
word, his credit is ioft. Lfpoke of it this morningj at 
the cabinet counril, and lord Nott. had alfo a letter 
from Mr. Eccart, about the fame. Lord Marlborough 
took great care to fhew that honour wa: engaged, and 
a great many more ccnfequences of it. I fuppofe an 
exad account is given you of all this, fo that I need 
lay no more, but that I hope I have done well to prefi 
it as much as inay be : 'tis refolved to give an anfv?er 
next Tuefday. Lord Fitzharding having at prefent no 
citate in Somerfetfhire, and not living there, fears he 
may not be fo able to ferve you as he ought, thettfore^ 
if you pleafe, wili be content with the cuftos rotulo- 
rum, without the lieutenancy : upon this occahon I {hall 
only name one who defired it ; though I told him I was 
engaged to fpeak for another, that is the D. of Bolton, 
\rho I think will lofe nothing for want of alkingj but 
spon my anfwcr, he told ms it was not for hirafeJf* 


hut his fon Wincheller, he would have it. The Q. 
Dow, has been here, but did not ftay a momenr, nor 
fpake two words ; fince (he went I have been in the 
garden, and find my face pretty well j but it is now 
candlelight, therefore I dare fay no more. I haye ftill 
the fame complaint to make,~that I have not time to 
cry, which would a little eafe rny heart ; but I hope 
in God I ihall have fuch news from you as wilj give 
nie no reafon ; yet your abfence is enongb, but fince 
it pleafes God I muft have patience ; do but continue 
£0 love me, and I can bear all things elfe with eafe. 

I fend you the letter of M. D. Ablancourt, becaufe 
I don't know who he means, and 'tis fo fhort 'twill 
take you up no time to read^ 

Lord Marlborough tells me 'tis almoft time to think 
of proroguing the parliament j I wifh you would give 
yourfeif the trouble to write your mind very particu- 
larly upon the fubje^. 

^teen Mary to K'-'^g William — iipcn the arrival of thi 
French fleet on the Coaji, 

Whitehallj the -ii^lliL i6qo, half 11 at night. 
Z2 June, < ° 

THE news which is come to-night of the French 
3eet being upon the coaft, makes it thought ne-= 
celiary to write to you both ways j and I, that you 
may fee how matters ftand in my heart, prepare a let- 
ter for each. I think lord Torrington has made no 
hafte : and I cannot tell whether his being fick, and 
flaying for lord Pembroke's regiment, will be a fuffici- 
ent excufe : but I will not take up your time with my 
reafonings, I (hall only tell you, that I am fo little 
afraid, that I begin to fear I have not fehfe enough to 
apprehend the danger j for whether it threatens Ireland, 
or this place, to me 'tis much at one, as to the fear; 
for as much a coward as you think me, I fear more for 
your dear perfon than my poor carcafs. I know who is 
i»Qft neceflary in the world. What I fear moll at pre- 

I ^ fent 


fent is not hearing from you. Love me whatever hap- 
pens, and be affuied I am ever intirely yours till death, 

3ueen Mary to King William — upon the fame fubjeSI. 

'Whitehall, the l]pl. i6qo, at half lo at nisht. 
' zz June, ^ ' 

AS I was ready to go into my bed, lord Nott. came 
and brought me a letter, of which he is going to 
give you an account ; for my own part, 1 fhall fay no- 
thing to it, but that I truft God will preferve us, you 
where you are, and poor I here, Methinks lord Tor- 
yington has made no hafte ; they fay he ftays for lord 
Pembroke's regiment : he alfo has not been very quick;, 
for he received it at 8 this evening, and kept it till now, 
^hat he has fent it open to lord Nott, I thank God I 
^m not much afraid ; I think too little; which makes 
me fear 'tis want of apprehending the danger. 1 hat 
"which troubles me moft of all things is your abfence 
:pnd the fear | am irij fomething may be done to hinder 
us from hearing from you j in that cafe I don't knon.' 
ivhat will become of us. I fllll truft in God, who is 
our only help. Farewell, | will trouble you with no 
more, but only defire you, whatfoever happenSj tolove 
pie as I fliall you to death. 

^een Mary to JVUltam-^iipon the fame fuljeSf^. 

- Whitehall Pl±. i6qo; 

June 24, -' 

SINCE I writ to you about the coming of the 
French f|eet upon the coaft, the lords have been 
very bufy ; I fhall not go about to give you an account 
of things, but fhalj tell you fome particular pafiages : 
One happened to day, af the great council, where I 
•was by advice, and when they had refolved t<5 
feize upon fufpe<Sled perfons, in naming them. Sir H. 
Capel would have faid fomething for lord Clarendon 
(whofe firfl wife you Hrow was his fsfter) j tszx^^ body 


ilared at him, but nobody preparing to anfwer, which 
I thought they would not do may be in my regard, I 
ventured to fpcak, and tell fir' H. Cap. that I believed 
every body knew as I did, that there was too much a- 
gainfl: him to leave him out of the lift that was making : 
I can't tell if I ought to have faid this, but when I knew 
your mind upon it, and had feen his letter, I believed 
it is as necefi'ary he fhould be clapt up as any, and there^ 
fore thought myfelf obliged to fay fo ; but as I do not 
know when I ought to fpeak, and when not, I am as 
filent as can be, and if I have done it now mal a propos, 
I am forry, but I could not help it, though at the fame 
time I muft own, 1 am forryer, than it may be will be 
believed, for him, finding the Dutch proverb true which 
you know, but I fhould fpoil in writing. Lord Mon- 
mouth and his officers were with me yefterday, with 
their declaration as they call it, about which I writ to 
you before. I hope the eafterly wind is the only caufe 
I do not hear from you which I am very impatient for 
now, and when I confider that you may be got a great 
way if you began to march laft Thurfday, I am in a 
million of fears, not knowing when you may be in dan- 
ger : that alone is enough to make me the greateftpain 
imaginable, and in comparifon of which all things elfe 
are not to be named, yet by a letter from lord Torring- 
ton, dated at 3 yefterday in the afternoon, I fee he 
thought this day was like to decide a great deal there. 
I cannot but be in pain, it may be I do not reafon juil 
upon the matter, but I fear befides the difhe^rteoing 
many people, the lofs of a battle would be fuch an en- 
couragement to difafFe«5ted ones, that might put things 
here in diforder, which in your abfence, would be a 
terrible thing, but I thank God I truft in him and that 
is really the only confolation I have. I was laft night 
at Highpark for the firft time fmce you went : it fwarmed 
with thofe who are now ordered to be clapt up. Yefter- 
day lord Fev. came to lord Nott. to tell him he had put # 
Q^ D. off^ of the Hamburgh voyage ; but flie would go 
to the Bath 3 after which he came again, and faid that 



feeing it might now be inconvenient to have guards 
there, llie defired to go {o Iflington, but lord Marl, 
defired the anfwer might not be given a day or two ti{l 
we heard fomething of the fuccefs of the fleet. Since I 
have writ this, I was called out to lord Nott. who 
brought me your dear letter of the || h, which is fo 
welcome that I cannot exprefs it, efpecially becaufe you 
pity me, which I like and defire from you, and you only. 
As for the building, I fear there will be many obftacles ; 
for I fpoke to iir J. Lowther this very day, and hear fo 
much ufe for money, and find fo little, that I cannot 
tell whether that of Hampton-court will not be a little 
the worfe for it, efpecially fince the French are in the 
channel, and at prefent between Portland and us, from 
whence the ftone mufl: come ; but in a day or two, I 
hope to give you a more certain account, this being only 
my own conje6lure. God be praifed that you are well 
I hope in bis mercy he will continue it. I have been 
obliged to write this evening to M. Schulemberg to de- 
fire him to advance money for the fix regiments to 
inarch, which they fay is abfclutely neceflary for your 
fervice as well as honour. The lords of the treafury 
have madg me pawn my word for it, and that tomorrow 
20,600 pounds will be paid him. It is now candle light, 
■ and I dare fay no more but that I am ever and entirely 

^ueen Mary to king WilUam, Fears about lord Tor^ 

ring ton. — Complaints of being neglected by the minijiers. 

Whitehall, J^^lli. i6gOe 

June a6, ■^ ■ 
Y this exprefs I fhall write freely and tell you what 
great fufpicicns encreafe continually of major 
Wildman. Lord Nottingham I believe will by the fame 
write to fir R. Southwell, that upon any extraordinary 
thing which be neceflary to be kept a fecret, he (hould 
fend him an exprefs directed immediately to him. It 
wculd be too long to tell you all the reafons of fufpi- 


cion, but this one inftance I will give, that fi nee your 
going from hence there is not one word come from Scot- 
land, neither from lord Melvin, nor colonel Mackay, 
to lord Marborough, which methinks feems unaccount- 
able, though it is this day 3 weeks fince lord Notting- 
ham writ preffingly for a fpeedy anfwer : Yet lord 
Monmouth has letters, and give intelligence which does 
not always prove true. I told lord Nottingham that 
I thought the only way was to fend an exprefs, that he 
write to lord Melvin, and lord Marlborough to Mackay, 
and let them know they have not once heard from them. 
Upon this lord Prefident and lord Nottingham defire4 
I would fign letters to the governors of Berwick and! 
Carlifle, not to let any perfons go by who had not a 
pafs, that they fhould flop the mails, and fend word 
how many were come from thence in this time. TJiis 
I have done, and the exprefs is to be immediately fent 
away. I ever fear not doing well, and trufttowhat no- 
body fays but you, therefore hope it will have your ap- 
probation. It is a ftrange thing, that laft night fir R, 
Holmes writ to lord Nott, and Mr. Blaithwait both, 
that the fleets were brilkly engaged, which he could fe© 
from the hills, which letter was writ at 6 yefterday morn- 
ing, fince which we have not a word from him ; but 
another to fir H. Goodricke from Portfmouth, dated at 
3 in the afternoon, afiures then there had been no en- 
gagement, but fomefhooting between the fcouts. What 
to think of this nobody knows, but it feems to me every 
one is afraid of themfelves, for fir R. H, defires mightily 
fome fuccours, or elfe the Ifle of Wight is lofta Lord 
Bath is very backward in going down, but with much 
ado he fends his fon, who only fays he flays for a let- 
ter of mine, which is figned this morning, to impower 
him to command at Plymouth in his father's abfence, 
which he tells me you promifed before you went, and 
it is upon your leave lord Bath pretends to ftay here 
till the term is over; but I told him I fuppofed you 
had not forefcen the French being fo near, P. of Bol- 

I4Q A P - P E N D I X. 

ton alfo tells me laft night, you had given him leave t& 
raife fome horfe volunteers for which he fliould have 
had a commifiion, but that you went away, therefore 
he would have me give it ; but I put it off; and lord 
Marlborough advifes me not to give it. Lord Preildent 
fome time fince told me the fame thing, but I will not 
give any pofitive anfwer till you fend me your direc- 
tions. I muft alfo give you an account of what lord 
Nott. told me yefterday ; he faid lord Stuard was very 
angry at lord Torrington's deferring the fight, and pro-? 
pofed fomebody fliould be joined in commiffion with 
him. But that the other lords faid cou d not be done, 
Ip lord Monmouth offered to take one whofe name I 
have forgot ; be is newly made I think commiflioner of 
the navy, and as lord Nottingham tells me, you had 
thoughts of having him command the fleet if lord Tor^ 
rington had not : This man lord Monmouth propofed 
to take and go together on board lord Torrington's fhip 
^s volunteers, but with ^ commiffion about them to 
command in cafe he (hould be killed. I told lord Nott. 
I was not willing to grant any commiffion of that 
nature, not knowing whether you had ever had any 
thought of that kind, fo that I thought he was only to* 
be thankt for his offer ; I added that I could not think 
it proper, that he being one of the 9 you had named 
Ihould be fent away, upon which he laughed and faid, 
that was the greatefl compliment I could make him, to 
fay I could not ufe his arms, having need of his coun- 
fell. I fuppofe they are not very good friends, but I 
faid It really as I meant, and befides to hinder propo- 
fitions of this kind for Mr. Ruffell ; for I fee lord Car-^ 
marthen has upon feveral occafions to me alone, men- 
tioned the fending Mr. RufTell, and I believe it was 
only to be rid of him ; for my part after what you told 
me of all the 9, I fhould be very forry to have him 
from hence. Lord M. indeed I think might as well be 
fpared, but I do not think it was your intention any of 
uhofe 9 fliould be out of the way j I defire you woul(4 


fay fomething to this that I may know your mind in 
cjife of ncceffity ; and indeed it would be well it was 
known alfo in lord Torrington's regard, for he may dye 
as well as another man : And now I have named Mr. 
RufTell, I mufttell you that at your firft going, he did not 
come to me, nor I believe to this hour, vvould not have 
afked to have fpoke with me, had not I told lady Ruflell 
one day, I defired it. When he came I told him freely 
that I defired to fee him fometimes, for being a ftrari- 
ger to bufinefs I was afraid of being too much led or 
perfuaded by one party. He faid he was very glad to 
find me of that mind, and alTured me fince I gave him 
that liberty, he would come when he faw occafionj, 
though he would not be troubleibme. I hope I did 
not do amifs in this, and indeed I faw at that time 
nobody but lord Prefident, and was afraid of myfelf. 
Lord Carmarthen is upon all occafions afraid of giving 
me too much trouble, and thinks by little and little to 
do all ; every one fee how little I know of bufinefsp 
and therefore I believe, will be apt to do as much as 
they can. Lord Marlborough advifed me to refolve to 
be prefent as often as was poflible, out of what inten- 
tion I cannot judge, but I find they meet often at the 
fecretary's office, and do not take much pains to give 
me an account. This I thought fitt to tell you, pray 
be fo kind to anfwer me as particular as you can» 
Qiieen D. has been to take her leave, in order to go- 
ing to Hammerfmiih, where fhe will ftay till Ihe can 
go for Windfor. I have tired you with this long let- 
ter, and it is now ftayed for ; I {hall fay no more, but 
beg you to believe it impoffible to love more than I dOg 
don't love me lefle. 




^ueek Mary, to King JVilllam, en lord Torrington's de- 
clining to fight. -= Lord Monmouth offers to go to the 

Jleet. Sufpicions of him. 

Whitehall, -^^ — '- i6qOs at 8 o'clock in the morning:. 

' June 28 . , 

SEeing I cannot always wiite when I will, I muft 
do it when I canj and that upon fome things which 
happened yefterday; as for lord Torrington's letter 
you will have an account of that and the anfvcrer froni 
lord Nott. I fhall tell you as far as I could judge 
what the others did. Lord Carmarthen was with me 
■when lord Nott. brought the letter ; he was mighty 
hot upon fending Mr. Ruflel down to the Beet j I con- 
fefs I faw, as I thdughtj the ill confequence of that^ 
having heard you fay they were not good friends, and 
believing lord Torrington being in the poft he is in; 
and of his humour, ought not to be provoked; befides, 
I believe lord Prefident was willing to be rid of Mr. R, 
and 1 had no mind to that ; fo that I faid what I could 
againfl: itj and found moft of the lords of my mind 
when they met, but lord Monmouth was not with 
them. Mr. RufTel drew up a pretty ftiarp letter for us 
to fign I but it was foftcned, and the only difpute was, 
whether he fliould have a piofitive order to fight : at 
laft it was wrote in fuch terms as you will fee, tcs 
which all agreed, but lord Steward, v/ho faid it was 
his duty to tell his thoughts upon a fubjeiSlof this con- 
fequence, which was, that he believed it very dange- 
rous to truft lord Torrington with the fate of three 
kirigdoms, (this was his eXpreffion) and that he was ab- 
folutely of opinion, that fome other fhould be joined 
in commifiion with himj to which Mr. Ruflel an- 
fwered, you muft fehd for him prifoner then ; and all 
the reft concluded it would breed too much difturbance 
in the fight of the enemy, and would be of dangerous 
confequence. So the letter was figned, and lord Nott. 
writ another letter, in which he told him our other ac- 


counts we have received of the fleets from iht Ifle of 
Wight, I was no fdoner in bed but lord Nott. canrae 
to me from the lords, who were moft of them ftill at 
his office, and where lord Monmouth was come very 
late', but time enough to know all. He offered his 
fervics immediately to go down poft to Portfmouth, 
fo the admiralty would give him the commiffion of a 
captain, and fit out the beft Ihip there, which he be- 
lieves he can do with more fpeed than another, with 
which he will join lord Torrington ; and being in a 
great paflion, fwears he will never come back more if 
they do not fight : upon his earneft defire, and tha 
approbation of the lords that were prefent, lord Nott» 
came up to alk my confent. I alkt who was there, 
and finding; four befides lord Monmouth and lord Nott. 
of which I remember but three, which were lord Pre- 
fidentj lord Steward, and fir John Lowther, the fourth 
was either lord Pemb. or lord Marl, I thought in my™ 
felf they were two thirds of the committee, fo would 
carry it if it were put to the vote; therefore, feeing 
they wefe as earneft as he for it, I thought I might 
confent ; befidesj I own to you I had a thought im- 
mediately upon it, which I would not own, tho' I find 
ibme of them have the fame, that the lemon letters, 
which I fuppofe you have heard of, which comes fo 
conftantly and are fo very exaft^ the laft of which told 
even the debates of the committee as well as if one of 
the lords themfelves had writ them ; this I think looks 
fomewhat odd^ and I believe makes many, forward for 
this expedition ; arid for my own part, I believe he may 
be the beft fpared of the company ; tho' I think it a 
little irregularity, yet I hope you will excufe it, and 
nobody elfe can find fault, 

10. at night. Since my writing this, there has 
come a great deal of news. As 1 was going to the 
cabinet council in the morning, fir Wm. Lockhart 
came with a letter from the committee there i 
when we rofe, lord Steward told me, that he had 
been fpeaking to Mr. Sefeuk upon the affairs of the 



times, who had made great complaint of his afage, and 
faid fo much, that he fancies he may turd informer j 
I doubted, but advifed him to continue his difcourfe, 
as though by chance, while I fliould write you word to 
know how far you would have him engage, which 1 
have now done, and defire your anfvver. Lord Mon- 
mouth was there, after having been in the city, where 
he has found one major Born, I think his name is, who 
has the commiflion of captain, and not himfelf, he 
defiring his intentions may be kept as fecret as may be, 
left he fliould come too late ; in the mean while, his 
Iregiment's being at Portfmouth is the pretence. He 
made great profeflions at parting, and defired me to be- 
lieve there are fome great deilgns. We had anothef 
lemon letter, with things (6 particular, that none but 
fome of the lords could know them, efpecially things 
that Were done at the office late laft night ; upon which 
all fides are of the fame mind. Befar-.: I went out of 
the room, I received your dear letter from Lough- 
bricklin, but I cannot exprefs what I then felt, and 
ftill feel, at the thoughts that liow it may be you are 
ready to give battle, or have done it. My heart is 
ready to burft. I can fay nothing, but pray to God 
for you. This has waked me who was almoft afleep, 
and almoft puts me out of any poflibility of faying any 
more, yet I muft ftrive with my heart to tell you, that 
ahis afternoon the ill news of the battle of Fleury came j 
1 had a letter from the prince of Waldec, wnth a copy 
of the account he fent youj fo that I can fay nothing, 
but that God, in whofe hands all events only are, 
knows beft why he has ordered it fo, and to him wc 
muft fubmit. This evening there has been a perfon 
with me, from whom you heard at Chefter, (probably 
earl of Broadalbin) and whom you there ordered to 
come to me, as he fays j he believes you will 
know him by this, and will by no means be named', 
and, what is worfe, will name nobody, fo that 1 fear 
there is not much good to be done, yet I won't give 
over ioo I muft end my letter, for my eyes are at pre- 


fent in fomewhat a worfe condition than before I re- 
Ccived your letter : my impatience for another from you 
is as great as my love, which will not end but with my 
life, which is very uneafy to me at prefent j but £ 
truft in God, who alone can prefeTve you and com- 
fort me. 

^een Mary to King TVilliain " ■ ■- upon the defeat at 

Whitehall, July the Vj 1690, 7 in the morning* 

I AM forry there is not as pleafmg news to fend you 
from hence, as what 1 had laft from you j I would 
iiot write laft night by the poft^ being alTured the mef- 
fenger this morning fhould overtake him, before they 
came to Hylake. Here has been great things done^ 
but that fo unanimoufly, that I hope when you have 
an exa6i account from lord Nott. you will approve of 
it. I muft confefs I think they were in the right, but 
if I had riot, I ihould have fubmitted liiy judgment 
where I faw all of a mind. What lord Torringtoil 
can fay for himfelf I know not, but I believe he will 
never be forgiven here ; the letters frbm the fleet, be- 
fore and fince the engagement, ftiew fufficiently h6 
viras the only mah there had no mind to fight, and his 
not doing it was attributed to orders from hence: tho/« 
which have been feht and obeyed have had biit \try ill 
fuccefs, the news of which is come this morning. Iwill 
siot ftop the mefienger with flaying for my letter j and" 
"tis unneceffary for me to fay much, only as to the part 
of fending Mf . RulTel away. I believe it was a great 
irregularity, andj for my own part^ I was forry tomifs 
him here, after what you told me^ and the fear I am ia 
of being impofed updn^ but all were for it^ and I could 
fay nothing againft it : I confefs I was as forry lord 
Monmouth came fo foon back, for all agree in the 
fame opinion of him. Mr. Ruflel was overtaken be- 
fore he came to Canterbury, fo the nine are again ta»> 
Vol. III. K geiher^ 



crether. As fur the ill fuccefs at fea, I am .more cor?* 
cerned for the honour of the nation than any thing 
elfe ; but 1 think it has pleafed God to punifh them 
juftly, for they really talkt as if it were impoffible they 
fhould be beaten, which looks too much like trufting 
in the arm of flefh ; I pray God we may no more de- 
ferve the puniftiment ; that fame God who has 
done fo much, can flill do what is beft, and I truft he 
will do more than we deferve. This afternoon 1 ^m 
to go to the great council, to take order about the 
prorogation of the parliament, according to your or- 
ders. I long to hear again from you, which is my 
only comfort. I fear this news may give courage to 
thofe Vwfho retired before ; but God can difappoint them 
iall, and I hope will" take care of his own caufe : he of 
his mercy fend us a happy meeting again, that will be 
a happinefs to me beyond all others, loving you more 
than my life* 

Remark.'] The nine, often mentioned in thefe letters 
were, the lords Pembroke, Devonfhire, Marlbo- 
roughj Godolphin, Caermarthen, Nottingham} 
Monmouth, admiral Ruffel, and fir John Low- 

^ueen Mary to king IViUia77i on the fame occafion.' — Dif-^ 
putes in council who jhould go down to the Jieet. — Suf- 
picions of lord Montnoiith^ 

Whitehall, July ^^3^ 169O. 

IF you knew in what fear I am that my letter I writ 
yefterday morning did not overtake the poft, you 
■would pity me j for though it is but one day's dif- 
ference, 3-et r would not for any thing feem to have 
mifs'd an opportunity of writing to you; and indeed 
as fleepy as 1 was a Tuefday night, 1 would have writ 
had not lord Nott. aiTured me the mcfTage fhould fol- 
Jow the next morning early, and fo he was certain it 


^ou]d come time enough j but when the letter came in 
from lord Torrington, and what was to be done being 
thought neceflary to acquaint you with, he ftopt the 
meflenger without telling me. This I trouble you with 
for my own juftificationj and I hope if the poft fliould 
have got long before the meflenger, you will forgive 
me ; I (hall never be fo carelefs more ; for I own it 
was that too much, and the care of my eyes Ihall never 
more hinder me, as you will fee by this that I write a£ 
a time when it does them no good. As for what 
has been done this morning you will have a particu- 
lar account ; I fhall only acquaint you with my part 
in it. When the lords had unanimoully agreed to fend 
two of their number, and would have me choofe themj> 
I defired help^ and that they would name j upon whicli 
lord Prefident offered his fervice. Lord Monmouth faid 
he believed he might be excufed, upon his relation to 
lord Torrington, efpecially fince they were not to com- 
mand the fleet : Mr. Rufiel faid he had ferved long 
under him, and it would feem fomething indecent ia 
him to be forward in off'ering his fervice in this parti- 
cular, though there wasnothing which could bethought 
fit but he would do, yet he fuppofed others might as 
well. The reft offered except iord Nott. and lord 
Marl, who faid afterwards they thought it would-be 
ridiculous in them to do it. Upon this I ventured to 
give my own judgment, for the firft time, and chofe 
lord Devonfliire and lord Pemb. i thought I could not 
fail in this, for there was not much choice, and thefe 
feemed the moft proper to me upon what I had heard 
them fay, and the manner they faid it. 1 told lord Pre- 
fident, when 1 named them, that he could not be 
fpared, but I faw he looked ill fatisfied ; fo that when 
the council was up I fpoke to him, and bid him remem- 
ber how neceflary he was ; he faid he did not look on 
himfelf as fo tied, but he might go av/ay upon occa- 
fions. I told him if he were not by place, yet being 
the perfon you had told me whofe advice I fhould fol- 
low and rely the mofl: on, I could not fpare hini. 
K 2 There 


A P P f: 1^ D i x„ 

There is another thing I mt^ acquaint you with by 
the bye that I believe will anger him, which k that 
jieither Mr. Hambden nor Mr. Pelham will fign 
ythe docket for lady Plymouth's eight thoufand pounds : 
he complained to me i I promired to aflc them a.bout it^ 
vWhidi I bawe done^ and both of them arun<ler have tbld 
lue lihe fura was too great to be /pared at pcefent, when 
dfnoney is fo much wanted, and indeed I th'mk they 
are in the right. I hope yoa will let me know your 
mind upon it ; but they fay ftr Stephen Fox owns to 
have figned it by furprize, and is of their mind : the 
only thing I .could fay to this was, that you had figned 
the warrant before you went, which 1 thought was 
enough ; but they fay they had not time to reprefent 
it to yoUj and would only take time to do fo : but to 
return to this morning. I fpoke alfo to lori Mon- 
mouth, who I faw was diflatisfied ; and told him I 
knew it was not fit for him to go to fea, who was a 
feaman, without having the command ; and that, he 
heard, was by all agreed for the prefent, fir John Aih- 
by fhould have, for an encouragement to the reft to 
behave well^ as he had done in this occafion : he told 
me he thought he had reafon to expe6l it, becaufe you 
once^ had thoughts of fending him to command, but 
he was content with any thing as hefaid; as for that I 
never heard you fay it, and if you knew what I fliall 
Sell you, if I ever live to fee you, you will wonder. I 
make many compliments to lord Steward, and fome 
fewer to lord Pembroke. By advice 1 writ a letter to 
admiral Ever tzen j I forgot to tell you I did fo by Mr*. 
RufTell, and then not knowing he fpoke Englifh-, with 
much ado I writ it in Dutch, fo as I believe he could 
have underflood me, but 'tis come back to be burnt.- 
Lord Shrewfbury was at my dinner ; I told him I was 
glad to fee him fo well again ; he faid he had been at 
Epfom for the air, or elfe he would have been here 
fooner j he flayed not long but weat away with Mr. 
Wharton, who I have not feen once at council, and 
but feldom any where, J^ord Shrewibqry was again 


A p p E isr D r X. 

here at my, fupper, and as I thought took pains to talk, 
which I did to him as formerly by your diredtions. 
Though by rhy letter it may be you would not think 
me fo much in pain as 1 am, yet I muft tell you I am 
very much h^ but not for what lord Monmouth would 
have me ; he daily t«Hs me of the great dangers we aire 
in, and now has a mind to be fent to Holland (of 
which you will hear either this or the next poft). i 
fee every one is inclined to it for a reafon I have menv 
tioned before j but to let that pafs I muft tell you a- 
gain how he endeavours to fright me, arid indeed 
things have but a melancholy profpe<5it ; but I am fully 
perfuaded God will do fome great thing or other, and 
}t may be; >^?hen human means fail, he will fhew his 
power : this makes me, that I cannot be fa much afi-aid 
as it may be 1 have reafon for 5 but that which mak^s 
ine in pain is for fear what is done may not pleafe you* 
I am fare it is my chief defirej.hut you^ know I muft do 
what others think fit, and I think they all dellre as much, 
as may be to act according to your mind. I long to hear 
from youj and knov/ in what we have failed j for my 
own part, if I do any thing that you don't like, 'tis 
my misfortune and not my fault; for i love you more 
than my life, and defire only to pleafe you» 

^een Mary to Kin^ J^illiam — '— - her fmdnefs far Mmo. 

Whitehall, July the Va 1690. 

THI S is only to tell you I have received yours of 
the 28th, Old Stile, which puts me in many 
troubles that I {hall not trouble you with at prefentj 
to-morrow night an exprefs fhall go to you that cannot 
poflibly be difpatched to-night, and I am not forry ; for 
at this time I dare fay but little by candle-light, and 
*tis to-morrow the firft Sunday of the month. I have 
really hardly had time to fay my prayers, and was 
feign to run away to Kenfigton, where I had three 
|>ours of <|uietj which was more th^ I have had to= 
K ? gethe? 


gether fince I Taw you. That place made me think 
how happy I was there when I had your dear company ; 

but now I will fay no naore, for I fnall hurt my 

©wn eyes, which I want more now than ever. Adieu ; 
think of me, and love me as much as I fhall you, who 
I love more than my life. I ihould have fent this lafl: 
pofl ; but not feeing Madame Nienhuys, hindered me 
thens and makes me fend it you now, which I hope you 
will excufe. 

^{een M-ary to King William on his being wounded.———- 
Difptites about the command of the jieet. 

Whitehall, July '-/, 1690. 

I CAN never give God thanks enough as long as I 
live for your prefervation ; I hope in his mercy that 
this is a fign he preferves you to finifh the work he has 
begun by you ; but I hope it may be a warning to you, 
to let you fee you are expofed to as many accidents as 
others ; and though it has pleafed God to keep you 
onee in fo vifible a manner, yet you mufl forgive me if 
I tell you that I fhould think it a tempting God to 
venture again without a great neceflity : I know what I 
fay of )his kind will be attributed to fear ; I own I have 
a great deal tor your dear perfon, yet I hope I am not 
vnreafonabie upon the fubjecl, for I do trufl in God, 
and he is pleafed every day to confirm me more and 
more in the confidence I have in hinj ; yet my fears are 
jiot lefs, fince I cannot tell, if it fliould be his will to 
fuffer you to come to harm for our fins, and when that 
might happen : for though God is able, yet many times 
lie puniflies the fins of a nation as it feems good in his 
fight. Your writing me word how foon you hoped to 
fend me good news, fhews me how foon you thought 
there might be fome aflion, and that thought put me in 
perpetual pain. This morning when I heard the ex- 
prefs was come, before lord Nott. came up, I was taken 
with a trembling for fear, which has hardly left me yet. 

and I really dont know what I do. Your letter came 
juft before I went to chapjsll ; and though the firfl thing 
lord Netting, told me was, that you were very well, yet 
the thoughts that you expofe yourfelf thus to danger, 
fright me out of my wits,' and make me not able to 
keep my trouble to myfelf : but for Qod's fake let me 
beg you to take more care for the time to come ; con- 
fider what depends upon your fafety ; there are fo 
many more important things than myfelf, that I think I 
am not worthy naming among them. But it may be 
the word: will be over before this time, fo that I will 
fay no more. I did not anfwer your letter by the pod 
Jail night, becaufe the exprefs could not be difpatched ; 
and I believe more hindrances are come, for lord 
Steward and lord Pembroke write word they will be 
here to night; but I can fay very little upon the fubje(^ 
at prefent, for really I had my head and heart- fo full of 
you, I could mind nothing elfe. 

It is now paft 10 o'clock ; I don't tell it you for au 
excufe, for I am not fleepy ; my impatience is too 
great to hear from you again, that' I am not mafler of 
jt, nor indeed of myfelf j fp that you muft excufc me 
from faying more than is juft neceflary. Lord Nott. 
will give you an account of all that has been done. Lord 
Carmarthen will write to you about a thing he has put 
in my head, and fince I thougfit of it, I only fear that, 
and nothing elfe : I defired he would writ? it himfelf, 
believing what he faid would have mpre weight with 
you than if it came from me, for you would believe I 
fpoke mod out of felf-interefl. I wif]i to God he could 
prevail. The lords are come back from the fleet, of 
that I leave alfo lord Nott. to write j but I have under^ 
took to fay another thing to you^ which is about who 
fhall command it, for I find every bpdy is fo animated 
againfl; lord Torrington that 'tis not to be imagined 5 
whether you will think fitt to confine him after his be= 
h^viour, I don't know, but all the lords believe you wilj 
not. Lord Monmouth tells me himfelf that he lia? 
feafon to expe<5t the command of it, upon which I told 


him that I fiiould not undertake to pitch upon any 
body ; it was a thing would allow us time enough to 
know your pleafure, and I thought it of too great eon- 
fequence to be refolved of by any here, but that I 
fliouM write to you to know your will. After this I 
believed that if it was mentioned in the committee, it 
might anger him too much if any clfc fhbuld be nam- 
ed } therefore I forbid it, and told brd Nott. he (hould 
write to y©u in generar, and I would name thofe who 
ihoi^d be named to me. I have not had time nor op- 
|>ortJumty to fpeak myfetf to Mr. RuSell about it ; but 
X ani told he declines it; now wherfier that may ht 
oaly modefty, I cannot tdl. The others which they 
name, are fir Richard Haddtck and fir John Afhby ; 
the firft of tbefe, fays, he wiflies it might be put in 
commifiion of three perfons, whereof twa might be 
feamen, and the jd fome perfon of quality. Somebody 
named lord Pembroke for the figure he might make, 
and fir R. Haddick and fir J. Ailiby to be joined with 
him ; others would have the duke of Grafton put in in- 
^ad of lord Pembroke, that he might be encouraged 
for his behaviour, which they hty was very brave in 
this lafl bufinefs, and alfo learn, believing he will give 
his whole mind ti3 it, and fo in time be good fbrfome- 
thing': Others are for having Mr. Ruflell put with the 
two before-mentioned ; but it may be he would not 
like it. They tell me Shovel! is the beft officer of his 
age, but he is behind thefe other two ; and fo is Killi- 
gr^w, who it is much wondered is not come yet, which 
fome think a fault to be punifhed, believing he has ftaid 
for merchant (hips. Thefe are all the names I remem- 
ber, and when I have tolU them you I think I might as 
■well have let it alone ; it was only that they thought it 
■feetter I fiiould put you in mind of any bodyelfe; you 
will pleafe to reiblve what fhall be done as foon as px)f- 
fible; Tfiope you will' forgive me if I forget half what 
I' have Lt» fay, for really my concern for you has got 
tbz maitery, and I am notable to think of any thing 


elfe, but that I love yoa in more abdndance than fny 
own life. 

^^een Mary to K. William^ on the battU of the Boyfje.->^ 
Singular piSiure of the keen's mind, — *Lor4 JkloA' 
mouth's intrigues. 

Whitehall, July \7, 1690. 

HO W to begin this letter I don*t know, or how 
ever to render God thanks enough for his mef- 
cys J indeed they are too great, if we look on our de- 
ferts J but, as you fay, 'tis his own caufe : and fince 
'tis for the glory of his great name, we have no reafon 
to fear but he will perfect what he has begun : for my- 
felf in particular, my heart is fo full: of joy and ackiiow- 
ledgement to that great God, who has preferved you, 
and given you fuch a viftory, that I am unable to ex- 
plain it. I befeech him to give me grace to be ever 
fsnfible, as I ought, and that I and all may Uve fuitable 
to fuch a mercy ai this is. I am forry the fleet has done 
BO- better, but 'tis God's providence, and we muft not 
murmur, but wait with patience to fee the event. 
I was yefterday out of my fenfies with trouble, I am 
BOW ateioftfo with joy, fo that I can't really as yet tell 
what P have to fay to you, by this bearer, who is im- 
patient to returni. I hope in God, by the afternoon, 
to be iir a condition of fenfe enough tafay much more, 
but for the prefent I am not. When I writ the fore* 
going part of this, it was in the morning, foon after I 
had received yours, and now 'tis 4 in the afternoon' ; 
but r am not yet come to myfelf, and fear I Ihall Idfe 
this opportunity of writing all my mind, for I am ilill 
itn fucfa a confufion of thoughts, that I fcarce know 
what to fay, but 1 hope in God you will now readily 
confent to what lord Prefident wrote lafl: night, fbr me-i* 
thinks there is nothing more for you to do. I will 
haffen Kenfington as much as it's poflible, and I will 
alfaget ready for you here, for I will hope you may 
come before that is donev I muft put you in mind of 


one thing, believing it now the feafon, which is, that 
you wou'd take care of the church in Ireland. Every, 
body agrees that it is the vvorll in Chriflendom : there 
^re now biftacpricks vacant, and other things, I beg you 
^ould take time to confider who you will fill them with. 
You will forgive me that I trouble you with this now, 
but I hope you will take care of thofe things which are 
of fo great con fequence as to religion, which I am fure 
will be more your care every day, now that it has 
pleafed God flill to blefs you with iuccefs. I think I 
have told you before, how impatient I am to hear how 
you approve what has been done here ; I have but little 
part in it myfelF, but I long to hear how others have 
pleafed you. I am very uneafie in one thing, which is 
wani of fomebody to fpeake my mind freely to, for it's 
a great conftraint to think and be filent, and there is fo 
much matter that. I am one of Solomon's fools, who 
am ready fo buril. I believe lord. Prefident and lord 
•Nott. agree very well, tho' I believe the firil pretends 
to govern all ; and I fee the other is always ready to 
yield to .him,.an^d me to have a great deal of 
deference, for him ; -whether they always agreed or not 
I can'.t tell. Lord Marleborough is much with them., 
iind lofes no opportunity of coming upon all occafions 
uith the others. As yet I have not found them differ, 
or ableafl fo little, that I was furprized to find it fo, I 
mean the whole nine ; for it has never come to put any 
thing to the vote, but I attribute that to the.great dan- 
ger, I believe all have apprehended, which has made 
them of a .mind. The three I named have all the fame 
opinion of lord Monmouth, that he tells all to Major 
\Vildman, and think feveral letters we have had, which 
I believe I mentioned before, were writt by the laft. I 
was unwilling to believe this, and thought there might 
be fomething of a party in it, till I afked Mr. Ruffel 
what he thought of thofe letters, who told me, that 
certainly they were writt by Wildman. I afk'd what 
could be the meaning ; he faid, to amufe us, or to give 
fHfpicion that fome of the company betrayed us j fo?- 



he faid Wildman was of the commonweahh party, and 
his whole defign was to make ftirs, in hopes by that 
means to bring it about ; and he knew lord Monmouth 
had no referve for him, which made him glad with all 
Jjis heart he was gone (that was when he was fent to 
Portfmouth.) This is their opinion, and indeed is now 
mine ; for I fee plainly that while he was away, there 
came none of thefe letters. Wildman faid the people 
were gone, but now they begin to come again ;, and I 
had a converfation with lord Monmouth t'other morn- 
ing, in which he faid what a misfortune it was that 
things went thus ill, which was certainly by the faults 
of thofe who were in trufl ; that it was a melancholy 
thing to the nation to fee themfelves fo thrown away ; 
and to fpeake plain, faid he, do you not fee how all 
you do is known, that what is faid one day in the cabi- 
netr council! is wrote next day to France ; for my part, 
faid he, I muft fpeake plainly, I have a great deal of 
reafon to efleem lord Nott. I don't believe 'tis he, but 
'tis fome in his office ; then he fell upon Mr. Blaithwit. 
I owned I wondered why you wou'd let him ferve here, 
Hnce he wou'd not go with you, but I faid I fuppofed 
you knew why you did it; and when he began to talk 
high of ill adminillration, I told him in the fariie free- 
dom he feemed to fpeake to me, that I found it very 
flrange you were not thought fitt to choofe your own 
minifters ; that they had already removed. lord Halifax, 
the fame endeavours were ufed for lord Carmarthen, 
and wou'd they now begin to have a bout at lord Nott. 
too ; it wou'd fhow they wou'd pretend ever to controll 
the King in his choife, which, if I were he, I wou'd 
not fufferr, but wou'd make ufe of whom I pieafed. I. 
can't tell if I did well or no in this, but in the free way 
we were of fpeaking, I cou'd not help it : upon this he 
faid, he had indeed been an enemy to lord Halifax, but 
he had done what he could to fave lord Carmarthen, 
out of perfonal friendfhip, as well as becaufe he be- 
lieved him firm to our interefl : upon which I took oq- 
cafion to remember jny obligations to him upon the ac- 



cdunt of bar marriage, from which he ftill went on, 
rhat he thought it neceffary the nation fhou*d be f^tis- 
fied : I a&t him if he thought it pofllble ; he fairf he 
con'd tell me much about that fubjed:, but we were 
lialled to the Council!, fo our difcourfe ended for that 
time. A$ fdr lord Pern. I ntvtr fee him but there : 
lord Cham, comes as little a.s he can with decency, anrf 
feldom fpeaks ; but he never viijts tht; cabinet counciH. 
Xxjrd Sttiard, j'ou know, will bt a cdurtier among la- 
dys : fpeaking of him put me in mind that M. Sefafc, 
liefore we w^^nt to cards, came and made me a very 
handfome compliment upon your vi^ory and wound, 
and affured me, no m^an living wifhi! us a longer and 
happier reign. But to returrt ta that lord, who, (I 
ihink I have named all,) I moft fay once my opraion^ 
thit lord Nott. feems to be very hearty in all affairs ; 
and, to my thinking, appears to^ be fincere, tho* he 
dats net tak6 much pains to perfwade me; of it, upon 
ill occafions, as others do ; for he never fpoke but oncei 
of bimfelf, yet I confefs I incline to have a good opi- 
niort of hirn ; it may fee his formal, grave look deceives 
me ; h< bronght me your letter yefterday, and I could 
l!ot hold, fo he faw me cry, which I have hindered my- 
felf, from before every body tifl then, that it was im- 
poffibb ; and thb morning, when I heard the joyfull 
news from Mr. Butler, I was in pain to know what wa3 
become of the late king, and dtirft not a& hira ; but 
■when lord Nott. came, I did venture to do it, and I had 
the fatisfaclion to know he was fafe. I know I need 
not beg you to lett him be taken care of, for I am con- 
fident you will for your own fake ; yet add that to alt 
your kindnefs, and, for my fake, let people know you 
would have no hurt come to- his perfon. Forgive me 
rhis. The lords of the treafury have defirerf me, that 
if there is any thing to be done, I would hear them alf. 
You gave me no directions in this, but to the contrary, 
Jo that I have declined it hitherto ; but if I muft fign 
atry vr arrant, it mufl conie fo it, 

! have 


1 have writ this at fo many times that I fear you will 
hafdil/ make ferfe of it. I long to hear what you will 
fay to the propofition that will be fent you this night by 
the lords, and do flatter myfelf mightily with the hopes 
to fee you, for which I am more impatient that can be 
exprefled ', loving you with a paffion which cannot end 
but with my life. 

RemarkJ^ The propofition from the lords to the King, 
and concerning which the marquis of Caermarthen 
afterwards wrote to him was, that he Ihould return. 

^een M^ to King ffilliam - ■ 'bos been teoTud by Isrd 

Whitehall, July the ^, 1690. 

BEING refolved never to mifs a poft, I write now 
to let you know I have received yours by Mr* 
Grev, who came at nine in the morning, and was 
dreffing till one before he brought it ; to-morrow I think 
to write again by him. Now, I {hall only tell y©u I 
have been fatisned with the fight of lord Lincoln, 
which I have fo often wifh'd for in vain : I met him as 
I came from prayers, with a hundred people at leafS 
after him. I can't reprefent to you my furprize at {o 
imexpeded an objeO:, and fo ftrange a one ; but what 
he faid, was as much fo if it were poflible. He called 
lord prefident by name, and all in general who are in 
truft, rogues ; told me I muft go back with him to the 
council to hear his complaint, which I think was' 
againft lord Torrington : he talked fo like a madman 
that I anfwered him as calmly as I could, looking on 
him as fuch ; and fo with much ado got from him. I 
fliall fay no more now, but that I am fo T.eepy I caa 
fcarce fee ; but I Ihall live and die entirely yours. 



ijs A p p E k; D I X. 

^een Mary to King William-^ FaSiiom and fufpicions 

in council. 

Whitehall, July the |f, 1690. 
WROTE to you a Tuefday night by the pod:, only 
to fliow th£it I would mifs no opportunity of doi^g 
it, and have kept Mr. Gray ever fince, having nothing 
tvorth writing or troubling you with- I fhall now begin 
■with anfwering your letter by him, and thank God with 
all my foul for the continuance of your good fuccefs, 
and hope that you will have no more to do but come 
back here, where you are wifh'd for by all that love 
you or themfelves : I need not fay m.ofl by me, it 
•would be a wrong to me to fuppofe you doubt it- If the 
iirfl: part of ypur letter was extreme welcome, the next 
was not lefs fo ; for next to knowing your health and 
fuccefs, that of your being fatisfied with what has been 
done here is the beft news, and till then I was very 
much in pain. You will fee alfo that we have had the 
good fortune here to have done jufl as you would 
have had it yourfelf, in fending M.t. Ruffel down 
to the fleet; but that was prevented, as you will know 
before this. I told Mr. Ruffel what your defign was 
then, and afked what I might write upon it now ; he 
told me, he fhould be always ready to ferve you any 
way, and feemed mightily pleafed with what 1 told him. 
I did not fay it openly at the committee, becaufe I knew 
how much lord Monmouth would have been troubled. 
But I told it lord prefident aS you writ him word, and 
lord Nott. and lord Marl. It feems he flill wifhes for a 
commiflion to other people, and not to be alone. The 
day that I received yours by Mr. Gray, which was 
Tuefday noon, the great council was called extraordi- 
narily, being thought fit to acquaint them vv'ith the 
good news : but feeing you had left me to the advice 
of the committee when to go, I afk'd them in the 
morning if they thought it neceilary, that for my own 


A P P E N D I ^. 159 

part I did not ? lord prefident faid, No : and none elfe 
faid a word. But in the afternoon when the council 
was met, all began, it feems, to afk if I came. Lord 
Prefident faid. No ; upon which there were fome who 
grumbled. Sir R. Howard made a formal fpeech, 
wherein he hinted many things as if he thought it not 
reafonable I (hould not come, and was feconded by the 
D. of Bolton. In the mean while lord Stuart and lord 
Monmouth came to me to defire me to come. I was 
furprifed at it, for they fertt for me out of my clofet. I 
will not trouble you with all they faid, but thev were' 
very preffing; and lord Stuard told me, there were 
many there who abfolutely told him they would not 
fpeak but before me ; that they were privy counfellors, 
eftablifhed by law ; and did not know why they fhould 
be refufed my prefence. I anfwered them at firfl as 
civilly as I could, and as calmly, but being much pref- 
fed, Igrew alittle peevifh, and told them, that between 
us I mufl own I thought it a humour in fome there, 
which I did not think myfelf bound to pleafe : for fhould 
I come now for this, I fhould at lafl be fent for, when 
any body had a mind to it ; and that I wondered they 
who had heard me in the morning fay I would not 
come, fhould now be fo importunate : but all 1 could 
fay would not fatisfy them ; and had not lord Nott. 
come in, I believe they would not have left me fo foon. 
I cannot tell if I did well or no, but I think I did : this 
was the fame day lord Lincoln was here,_as I wrote yoa 
Word before, and he fat in the gallery, crying aloud, 
that five or fix lords fhut me up, and would let nobody 
elfe come near me, yet never afk'd it all the while. 
Lord Nott. will give you an account of lord mayor's 
being called next day to the great council where I was, 
but I muft needs obferve that he came with his anfwer 
ready wrote, and pulled out his paper and read it, upon 
which many of thofe who came with him look'd upon 
one another as amazed ; and the more, becaufe lord 
prefident did not defire it till Friday, Another thing 


i6o A P P E N D I Xi 

hapipened thit I mufl: tell : lord Nott. had fecured lord 
RofTe, and iio;^ defired the council, he might be ferit 
to the 'Tov-'^as well as fo many others. All confented. 
Duke of, liolton aflcM why ? lord Nott. faid, there was 
infora^ons againft him ; and morcj his own letters to 
fir JonK Cochran : upon which all faid, a watrrant 
ihould be drawn ; but wheri it came to be figned, duke 
of Bolton wotild not, and hindered lord Devon by a 
■whifper, and his fon by a nod. Lord Montague would 
not fign it neither. If this be ufual I can't tell, but 
fnethinks it ought not to be fo. tJpon this I muft tell 
you that lord Monmouth canie to Sir W. Lockhart, 
■who told it me himfelfj and was very earneft for lord 
RofTe's being fecured, as well as further difcoveries 
about Ferguffon ; that he wondered how lord Melvill, 
■who all the wbrld knew had been in the Diflenters 
intereft, would now go, and do any thing againft them ; 
that he 6ught in honour and confcience to hide their 
faults, and not difcover therh ; and more to this pur- 
pofe. He told me that he believed if fir James Mont- 
gbmery came up, he would certainly endeavour to con- 
found us by fome lies, for he was very cunning and very 
malieiouSj and delighted in mifchief (thefe were his 
■words); and therefore he tvas confident, that infteadof 
making uffeful difcoveries, he ^ould aecufe perfons 
whom he thought might do hi§ party a mifchief, though 
there was no likelihood of their joining. Laft night 
lord Marlborough came to mcj and made me an offer 
from lord Shrewfbury, lord Montague, lord Godolphin, 
Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Jepfon, to raife 1200 men im- 
mediately at their own charges, fo I would but give my 
word they mould be reimburfed wheti it was conveni- 
ent. He defired me I would propofe it this morning at 
the committee^ without naming the perfons ; but after 
I had had time to think upon it, I told him that I did 
not think it proper to tell things to the committee fo by 
halves ; they would aik how they could advife without 
knowing the perfons ; that many had offered, while all 
were unwilling to accept. He told me he had confi- 



dered it himfelf fince, and found they could not be 
ready under fiX weeks. In which time either you would 
come yourfelf, or fend feme troops, and the danger 
■would be over ^ fo we refolved he iTiouId give them 
many thanks for their offer, and give that for a reafon, 
and the only one of not accepting it. But I told him 
plainly that I did not doubt but you would approve of 
trufting any fiich thing in lord Shrewfbury's hands, yet 
1 did not know if all eife might be employed- I confefa 
i did not like lord Montague, fo he faid indeed ti^re 
were perfons he believed you would milfruft, and 
named him. I faid I could not tell particular perfons, 
for I did not know them myfelf. He faid they did not 
defire to have, this known, and therefore he did not 
know if I would take notice of it to them ; but he be- 
lieved I would do well to do fo to lord Shrewfbufy. I 
Was of his mind, and refolve when I have an opportu=' 
rity for it to do fo. I hope you will not difapprove of 
, this, being my own a£t ; I am mofl: concerned ; I need 
fay nothing to you of the particulars of what was done 
this morning. Lord Nott. will tell you all, only I 
muft fay that I hope there is no harm done in flopping 
25 of the 70,000 which was going to you, fince it is fo 
very neceffiry here ; and 1 hope to have it made up be- 
fore it can be wanted there. I was extreme loath to 
confenf-, but I mUfl: fubmit toothers judgment; and in 
tliis I believe I was in the right to do fo, though my 
inclination to do juft what you would have me, is ever 
ftronger. I have no more at prefent, and believe this 
letter is not fo long as it is, though I have fhortened it all 
I can, by faying as little as I poflibly could upon each 
fubjeQ:. You don't know how I pleafe myfelf with the 
thoughts of feeing you here very foon, but I muft tell 
you that it is impoflible to be yet awhile at Kenfington. 
Ypur clofets here are alfo not in order, but there is no 
fmoke in fummer, and the air is much better than in 
another feafon. Pray let me have your orders, if not by 
yourfelf, then tell lord Portland, and let him write. I 
fee I can hardly end, but I muft force myfelf without 
you III, h faying 


faying a word more but that I am ever yoursj more 
than ever, if that be poffible, and (hall be fo till 

^een Mary to King William.— ~^Want of money ^ 

Whitehall, July the i^, 1690. at 11. at night. 

YOU will excufe me from anfwering your letter t 
received yefterday morning, which was writ on 
fundaylaft, when you know that I have been this morn- 
ing at Hampton court, and back again by noon, and 
ever fince have had one or other to fpeak to me, of 
which I will give you an account when I have more 
time ; now I fliall only tell you, that things go on 
there very flowly ; want of money and Portland ftone, 
are the hindrances, and indeed in a time when there 
are fuch prefling necefHtys I am almoft afhamed to 
fpeak about Jt, and yet it is become fo juft a debt that 
it ought to be paid. I mean the privy feal which you 
pafled long ago. Sir Ch. Littleton has fent to me to 
offer to give up his commiffion which I expe£i now, 
and am glad of, for reafons too long to tell now : Pray 
fend word who (hall have the government, for it is 
judged neceffary to be filled up as foon as may be. I 
fancy the joy at St. Patrick's church was greater than 
can be expreft, and wifti I had been with you. But 
though at a diflance, none ever praifed God fo heartily 
for many reafons, chiefly that of your wonderful deli- 
verance, upon which event the Q^ Dowager fent lady 
Arlington to compliment me. I am now in my bed 
having bathed j and am fo fleepy I can fay no more 
but that I am ever and entirely yours. 

^een Mary to King William^— ExpeSis him over, 

Whitehall, July the ||, 1690. 

I AM info much hopes of your coming hither that I 
muft flatter myfelf by the time this comes to you, 
jj^ou will be ready to leave Ireland ; ail my fear is the 



French flilps which are going to St, George's channel, 
and are already at Kinfale ; if thofe fhould hinder you 
■what will become of me ? I think the fright would 
take away my reafon ; but I hope the exprefs which 
goes this evening to fir CI. Shovel will come time 
enough to prevent any furprize, and I hope may do 
good ; and that I may foon fee you here, which is 
what I long extreamly for. This morning I received 
yours of the V by which I am extream glad you ftill 
approved of what had been done. I have faid nothing 
to Mr, Ruflell (indeed I have not feen him) nor don't 
intend to fpeak till I have your anfwer to my letter 
TLipon the fubje<St, though I don't think what I write 
will make you change your mind, yet then you will be 
determined in your choice, and I (hall not lofe my la- 
bour. I have writ to day to Ad. Evertzen to delire 
iiim to come up, for I hear he makes difficulties to 
fend his fhips up to be repaired. I fear Mr. Harbord 
will have but ill fuccefs in his negociation by what 
you write. I told lord Prefident what you bid me, 
and read part of your letter to him ; but he is ftill of 
the fame mind that the French have a defign upon 
Portfmouth. I am the moft impatient creature in the 
world for an anfwer about your coming, which I do 
hope will be a good one, and that I ftiall fee you, and 
endeavour myfelf to let you fee, if it be pofllble, that 
my heart is more yours than my own. 

^teen Mary to King TVilliam. Scotch affairs. 

Her concern for religion. offered 200,000 /. ifjhe 

would diffolve the parliament. 

Whitehall, July the ||, 1690; 

I HOPE I Ihall not be difappointed in my hopes of 
feeing you quickly, and indeed I do fo flatter my- 
felf with it that I can hardly refolve to write any thing, 
believing it labour loft ; yet now I muft do it for fear, 
and it is better I Ihould venture the writing to no 
purpofe, than that I hazard your not knowing what I 
L 2 have 


have prora'ifed to acquaint you with ; firft, from iit 
Wm. LfOckhart, who begs you to confider the want 
there is of horfe upon the borders of Scotland. He 
fays M. G. Mackay is in the highlands, and will have 
■work enough to do there, lb that he can fpare none to 
keep them in fome order, who want it very much. I 
have the moft lamentable letters m the world from lord 
Melville J I fuppofe you have fo too; but I fancy he 
takes more care to hide his fear to you than me. I have 
been alfo dciired to beg you not to be too quick in 
parting with confifcated eftates, but confider whether 
you will not keep fome for public fchcols, to inftrufi 
the poor Irifh; for my part, I muft needs fay that I 
think you would do very well if you would confldet 
what care can be taken of the poor fouls there ; and 
indeed, if you give me leave, I muft tell you, I think 
the wonderfull deliverance and fuccefs you have had 
ihould oblige you to think upon doing what you can-, 
for the advancement of true religion, and promoting 
the GofpeL 

I bad yefterday an offer made me of two hundred 
thoufand pounds, to be lent upon a note under my 
hand, that it Ciould be paid as foon as the parliament 
gave money, but it was only on this condition, that 
the parliament {houid be dilTolved ; I told lord Mon-* 
znouth, who made me the propolition, that was a 
thing I could not prom ife, it being of that confequcnce^ 
that though all the lords of the great council Ihould 
unanimoufly agree to, yet I would not venture upon 
it without knowing your pleafure ; dierefore, unlsfs 
they would lend fome money (which is really molt ex- 
treamly wanted) upon other terms, I muft go without 
it : for I would not bv anv means ens-age for what I 
could not perform; we had beildes this, much dif- 
courfe, all which would be too long to trouble you 
with, only that he began to fpeak of lord Shrewfbury 
(who by the way is gone to Tunbridge) j he faid he 
faw he was concerned as well as his friends at what he 
had done, and he believed would be very glad to ferve 



you again ; that he himfelf had obferved you were 
unwilling to part with lord Shrewfbury ; and now de- 
fired to know if there was no way of reftoring him. 
I a!l:t if he had any to propofe, but he faid he had no 
commiffion to fpeak this : he faid many extraordinary 
things in this difcourfe, which I referve to tell you, 
I never write but what I think, others do not; fo I 
fhall do HOW, and muft tell you I had writ to admiral 
Evertzen (by advice, as you may believe) to come up ; 
he has been with me this very night, and though he 
will fay nothing pofitive, nor blame lord Torrington, 
yet he fays fo much, that as unequal as the fleets were, 
had the Englifh fought like the Dutch, they fhould at 
leaft have fo fhattered many of their fhips, that they 
muft have left the fea for their own fafety. Lord Nott. 
I fuppofe will let you know the good anfwer we have 
had from Holland. They have engaged me to go to 
Hyde-park, to fee the militia drawn out next Monday. 
You may believe I go againft my will. I fttil muft 
come back to my firft faying, which is, that I do hope 
and flatter myfelf that you will be come back, if it can 
be with fafety ; I'm fure if that can't be, I fhall wifh 
you may rather ftay where you are, tho' I long never 
fo much to fee you, than that you fhould venture your 
dear perfon, which is a thoufand times more fo to me 
than my own felf, and ever will be fo while I breath* 

^een Mary to King jyilluitr.,'-''^ — sxpeciing him aver, 

Whitehall, July 11, 1690. 

LORD BELOMONT torments me to write by 
his brother, which I do, though I have nothing 
tp fay more than what I wrote laft night. I am all- 
tvays glad of an opportunity of putting you in mind 
of me, tho' I hope 'tis not abfolutely neceflary. All 
the news of the town yefterday, was, that you were 
landed at Chefter, pray God it were true, tho' I think 
there is no likelyhood of it, yet I thought it pleafing, 
and the more, becaufe they have really faid feveral 
L 3 things 


things which have come to pafs. I hope it may be fo in 
this. I will not fay more now, but that the bilhop 
of Salifbury has made a long thundering fermon this 
morning, which he has been with me to define to print, 
which I could not refufe, tho' I fhould not have or- 
dered it, for reafons which I told him. I am extreme 
impatient of hearing from you, which I hope in God 
will be before I fleep this night ; if not, I think I fhall 
not reft ; but if I fhou'd meet with a difappointmenc 
of your not coming, I don't know what I fhall do, for 
my defire of feeing you is equal to my love, which 
can not end but with my life. 

^ueen Mary to King JVilUam his and her opinion of 

difcords in council. 

Whitehall, July If, 1690- 

EVERY hour makes me more impatient to hear 
from you, and every thing I hear ftir, I think 
brings me a letter. I fhall not go about to excufe my- 
felf ; I know 'tis a folly to a great degree, to be fa 
iineafy as I am at prefent, when I have no reafon to 
apprehend any ill caufe, but only might atribute your 
illence to your marching farther from Dublin, which 
makes the way longer. I have ftay'd till I am almoft 
afleep in hopes j but they are vaine, and I muft once 
more go to bed, and wifh to be waked with a letter 
from you, which I Ihall at laft get, I hope. Till I 
know whether you come or no, I can not refolve to 
write you all that has paft this day, till which time I 
thought you had given me wrong chara6lers of men, 
but now I fee they anfwer my expedlation of being as 
little of a mind as of a body. Adieu, do but love me, 
and I can bear any thing. 


A P P E N D I X» l5) 

^een Mary is king William.— D if cords in 


Whitehall, July ||., 1690, 

COULD you but guefs at my impatience for a let- 
ter, you would be able to judge of my joy at the 
receiving yours from Timolin. I hope by to-morrow 
' to have fuch an anfw^er as we all defire to thofe by Mr. 
Buttlcr. At prefent I ftiall fay nothing to you, but 
that I have at laft feen the council in great heat, but 
ihall flay till \ fee you to tell you my mind upon it. 
Lord Nott. will fend you the account the commiflioners 
have brought from fea, of the affurance of the fleet be-» 
ing ready Wednefday next. Lord Lincoln was with 
me this afternoon no lefs than an hour and half, re- 
forming the fleet, corre£ting abufes, and not fhy of 
naming perfons ; he talk'd fo perfe6lly like a madmaa 
as I never heard any thing more in my life j he made 
me the extravaganteft compliments in the world, but 
was by no means fatisfied that I would do nothing he 
defired me. He had an expreflion that I have heard 
often within thefe few days finee it is wanted, which is, 
that I have the power in my hand, and they wonder I 
will not make ufe of it : and why fhould I ftay either 
for your return, and whether I fhould lofe fo much time 
as to write you word or no, is doubted ; that is, when 
they muft flay till an anfwer can come. I fliall tell 
you more of this when I fhall he fo happy as once more 
to fee you, or when I can write a longer letter, for I 
have taken the vapours, and dare not to-night ; but 
you know whatever my letters arej, my heart is mor^ 
|ours than my own. 



^een Mary to king IVilliam: TZv council fplit ahoui 

the command of the fleet, 

Whitehall, -^- i6qo. 
12 July, 

LAST night I receiv'd your letter frorn Vvels wiih 
fo much joy, that it was feen in my face by thofe 
who knew the fecret of it that you were coming. I 
will not take up more of your time with endeavouring 
to tell you what is impoflible to be esprtfs'd ; but you 
know how much I love you, and therefore will not 
doubt of my delight to think I Ihall foon fee you. I 
will not this time tell you any thing that can be writ 
you by others, but I mu(l let you know that when I 
fpoke to Mr. Ruflel, he anfwered me at firft almoft the 
fame thing as this morning, till which time he took fo 
confider. He afTured me there was nothing he would 
not do to ferve you i but he does not think himfelf 
proper for to command the fleet in fuch a time as this. 
He fays your meaning of faying fir R. Haddock fiiould 
be under him, can be no other than in commiirion, 
■wherein himfelf fhould be the firft ; no other way fir 
R. H. can poffibly go. He tells me. not only the eye 
and expectation of all Englandj, but all Europe, efpe- 
cially Holland, is upon this choice : that he does not 
think there is a man in England capable at this time to 
do it alone j that his opinion is, it ought to be in a 
commiffion of no lefs than three. I told him that was 
your intention if he would not go with fir R. H. He 
excufed himfelf from ^11, as believing it might be for 
your fervice ; and told me he thought it fhould be put 
in the hands of two feamen and a man oi quality : the 
man of quality he thought fhould be lord Pembroke, if 
he defired it ^ but himfelf rather wiftied for lore? 
Shrewsbury, of whom lord Marl, writ you word fome 
time fince ; he begg'd of all things it might not be the 
duke of Grafton, faying he knew only enough to make 
foim ungovernable, and is of fo rough % temper, ;t 



could never fuit with the feamen at all : there was an- 
other he feared yet more, which is lord Monmouth, 
and indeed I believe nobody would fpeak for him : fome 
thought lord Steward would ofFer himfelf, and that was 
to be fear'd. Upon the whole I confulted lord prefi- 
dent, but had at firft defired lord Nottingham to talk 
with lord Pemb. and hear whether he would defire it. 
Lord prefident told me lord Monmouth had afked his 
advice, who as a friend had counfel'd him not to afk it 
alone, not judging any one man fit for it : t'other pre- 
tended to thank him, but in a paffion begg'd not to be 
named as one who would go in commiflion ; fo that 
was over. While we were talking, came lord Nott. 
who told me lord Pemb. would not afk it or defire it, 
nor would not be willing to go. 'Tis too tedious to 
tell you their difcourfe (which was only as from lord 
Nott, himfclf ) but lord Pembroke difapproved having 
a man of quality to go, faying it was only to fend him 
to be knock'd of the head, without the hopes of having 
any credit of what was well done. Upon which lord 
prefident offered to go himfclf : I put that off with com- 
pliments, and faid, I thought the befl would be to 
name the two feamen, which could be no other but fir 
R. Hadock and fir J. Aftiby, being now the firft in the 
fleet, and leave the third perfon to your naming, who 
certainly will be here before it can go out, which I faid 
was a reafon to be given the committee, who knew of 
your coming. The reft of the world fhould only know 
the third was not yet named, and need not be informed 
if it {hould be a man of quality or a feaman. This I 
faid I thought would ferve the end for which it was 
thought prefling as to time, fince thefe two could as 
well order all things neceflary as if the third were with 
them. This lord prefident approved, and thought it 
beft to tell the committee at once, that they might 
only fpeak their minds upon the two ; and I defired it 
might be fo, to prevent lord Steward's offering him- 
felf : and indeed though I did not tell them nothing 
of lord Shrewlbury, yet I had told Mr, R, and lord 
'" MiirL 


Marl, who approved it upon that account, becaufe 
they hoped when you came you would name lord Sh. 
which they thought would find oppofition now from 
lord prefident and lord Nott. I confefs remembering 
what I have heard you fay j and your wifhing fo ear- 
neftly he had not been out, makes me apt to think 
you will employ him ; and Mr. Ruflel affuring me it 
would be of fo. general a fatisfadlion, makes mc wifh 
it. This was done this afternoon in the committee, all 
generally approving the two men, and that the third 
^fliould ftay your coming, only lord Monmouth, who 
was filent and uneafy. Lord Nott. and Mr, Ruflel 
had feverally wifh'd to me alone that ICilligrew might 
be one, but durlt not propofe it, becaufe of what hap- 
pened yefterday in the great council, as you will hear. 
I thought this bufinefs had been over, but was furprized 
at my return from Kenfington to find lord Pemb. with 
the whole admiralty, except Mr. Ruflel and captain 
Priftman ; they told me, they came to let me know 
the inconveniency they believed it would be to put this 
bufinefs in commiffion, and therefore to defire that Mr, 
RuflTel might have the fole command. Sir T. Lee was 
very earneft in it, and indeed alniofi: the only fpeaker, 
though for form fake lord Pemb. began ; lord Carbury 
fpoke once and no more. I told them it was according 
to your direfitions in a letter to me myfelf, feeing Mr. 
RuflTel had excufed himfelf, and that I did not knovr 
what more could be done ; writing to you again, after 
you had writ your mind fo plainly, was lofs of time, 
which I thought might be prejudicial to your affairs at 
prefent j but they would not be fatisfied. I defired time 
to confider ; 'twas late when they went from me. Lord 
prefident was gone home j fo 1 fent to lord Nottinghana 
to have the committee appointed to-morrow morning 
extraordinary upon this, and have fent to Mr. Ruflel 
to come to me firfl:. Lord Nott. and lord Marl, who 
was here, told me it was fir T. Lee's hatred to Ha- 
dock. I think it will be to no purpofe to refer the 
thing by letter to you : you will be here yourfelf before 



an anfwer, and I don'c know if this long letter will 
come to you ; at leaft I hope 'twill meet you upon the 
way. After this long letter I muft tell you, that 'tis 
impoiTible for Kenfington to be ready for your firft co- 
ming, though I will do my beft you fhall not ftay long 
for it. When you are come, I will make my apology 
for the matter when I fee you. I fhall now only tell 
you I am in great pain till I know if I have done well 
in this bufinefs or no. I am almoft faft afleep, for *tis 
very late. Pardon all my faults, and believe I will com- 
mit none willingly ; and that I love you more than my 

^ueen Mary to King William.' Heats about the com* 

mand of the feet. — The admiralty difobey her, 

Whitehall, f^iLK i6qo. 
July 24, 

THOUGH I hope in God you will come quickly, 
and that I flatter myfelf you may be come away 
yeflerday or this day, yet I cannot reft without fend- 
ing this exprefs, in cafe any accident might happen, or 
feme retardment, as many are apt to believe by lord 
Portland's letters, which may make you longer a com- 
ing ; fo that it is fit you fliould know what happened 
yefterday. I writ you word how thofe of the ad. had 
been with me the night before to recommend Mr. Ruf- 
fel, and the anfwer I gave them, as alfo that I had fpo- 
ken to lord Nott. to call the lords together next morn- 
ing which was yefterday ; they came accordingly, but 
I firft fpoke to Mr. Ruflel, who was ftill of the fame 
mind, and aflured me he could not go any way, even 
though he had thofe with him who could help him with 
their advice. He faid the blame muft ftill fall upon 
him, if any thing happened, though merely acciden- 
tal, yet he faid the minds of all men were fo exafpe* 
rated now, that it would be his ruin ; you may believe 
I could not prefs him after that, nor indeed at all, as 
the comm. of the ad. woiild have it, fmce in both your 




letters, by which you may be fure I fhould only go, 
you faid Mr. Ruflel and fir R. Hadock under him : ib> 
Mr. RufTel and I parted, he very well fatisfied as I 
thought with the two before named, I flill in hopes you 
would chufe lord Shrewfbury for the man of quality, 
though he owned he did not fo much care for fir R. 
Hadock. When the commitee met, I defired lord Pem- 
broke to tell them what the ad. had faid to me the night 
before, that I might have the advice of the lords, which 
he did ; and I faw none that thought there could be 
any change made, Mr. Ruflel having repeated all his 
reafons again to excufe himfelf. Lord Mon. was the 
only perfon who was filent ; fo the comm. of the ad. 
were fent for ; when they came, lord Prefident told 
them what the refolution was. Sir T. Lee grew as pale 
as death, and told me, that the cuftom was that they 
ufecj to recommend, and they were to anfwer for the 
perfons, fmce they Were to give them the commiflion, 
and did not know but they might be called to account iri 
parliament ; I fliall not repeat all that was faid : Lord 
Prefident argued with them j at laft fir T. Lee came tq 
fay plainly, Hadock was the man they did not like. 
Lord Pern, fpoke for him, fo did fir J. Lowther. Mr. 
Ruflel was gone out. Priftman fpoke againfl: it, fa 
did lord Carbury, and fir R. Anfloe ; at lafl: fir T. 
Lee faid, it could not be, I might give them a com- 
miflion if I pleafed, but they could not ; and virhen I 
faw he talkt long, and infiflred upon their privilege, I 
faid, that I perceived then the king had given away his 
own power, and could not make an admiral which the 
admiralty did not like ; he anfwered, No, no more he 
can't. I was ready to fay that then the king fhould give 
the commiiTion to fuch as would not difpute with him, 
but I did not, though I muft confefs I was heartily an- 
gry ; it may be I am in the wrong, but yet I cannot 
think fo. Lord Prefident after more difcourfe defired 
them to retire. When they were gone, I faw all ge- 
nerally agreed I was to perfifl:, efpecially fince the man 
they found fault with was he you had named now, and 



as I was aflured by all, was the perfon you had refblved 
upon, when lord Torrington would not go j and every 
one approved of fir J. Afhby, and concluded nothing 
but Killigrew could hinder him, and his abfence was 
the main thing that made him not be thought of by 
moft, though fome were againft him, upon the account 
of fufpicions they have, which don't feem to be well 
grounded. Upon this it was refolved, the commifli- 
oners fliould be called again, and told pofitively they ' 
might prepare the commiffion, and fo we parted ; but 
fir T. Lee, lord Carbury, and fir R. Anfloe fent to me 
to excufe their not figning : I aflct lord Prefident what 
anfvver was to be fent, for he brought me the meflage ; 
I told him I was much furprized; he was very angry, 
and talkt at a great rate ; but I flopped him and told 
him I was angry enough, and defired he would not be 
too much fo, for I did not believe it a proper time ; 
he faid, the beft anfwer he could give from me was, 
that they would do well to confider of it. I defired he 
would add that I could not change my mind, if it were 
proper to fay fo much j he faid it was rather too little : 
what pafTed at the great council you will hear; but as 
to this, I faw Mr. Ruflel this morning, and found him 
very much out of humour ; excufed fir T. Lee, and 
would not believe he had faid fuch a thing as I told yor, 
I faid jo^eed that had angered me very much, but he 
endeavoured to talk it over, and faid fir R, Hadock was 
liot acceptable to them, becaufe they believed lordNott. 
had recommended him, and they did not like that : I 
faw he ftiifted off the figning the commiffion, by faying 
there was not a compleat board this morning : he began 
again to find difficulties of precedency between Hadock; 
and Afliby, and indeed I never faw him out of humour 
before : there was company by, fo I had no fair op- 
portunity of faying more to him ; he only preft the 
naming lord Shrewfbury for a third, as the beft means 
to allay all thefe things. But as I had not time nor 
convenience to fay more to him then, I was fain to leave 
off the difcpurfe at a place I would have faid more uponj 



which I had the opportunity of doing this afternoon to 
lord Marl, who came to me about the fame thing. I 
told him I was refolved to fend away this exprefs in 
hopes of a fpeedy and pofitive anfvver, and I told him 
why I fhould be unwilling to name Shrewfbury myfelf. 
1 thought it would not be proper for me by any means 
to name a perfon who had quitted juft upon your going 
away ; though I was perfuaded you would truft him, 
and had a good opinion of him, yet for me to take 
upon me alone (for we concluded none would be for it 
but thefe two who are only truftcd with the fecret, I 
mean lord Marl, and Mr. Ruffel, and lord Cham.) for 
me I fay now fo to name him without being aflured of 
your approbation, I thought not proper j therefore I 
defire you will be very pofitive in your anfwer ; for I 
begin to fear lord Prefident may be in the right, that 
you cannot poflibly be here fo foon even as yourfelf 
thought ; and if not, pray fend an anfwer to this third 
perfon, and likewife to the behaviour of the commif- 
fioners of the ad. I pray God fend you here quickly, 
for befides the defire I have to fee you for my own fake, 
(which is not to be named) 1 fee all breaking out into 
flames. Lord Stewart was with me this afternoon from 
fir T. Lee to excufe himfelf to me. He faid the rea- 
fon was, becaufe he faw this was a bufinefs done be- 
tween two or three, a concerted thing, and that made 
him he could not confent, I told him he himfelf could 
have aflured fir T. Lee it was your own orders in your 
letter to me, at which he (haked his head ; I afkt if he 
or fir T. Lee did not believe me j he faid fir T. Lee 
thought he was, that is fir R. Hadock, was impofed 
upon the K. I faid I did not believe that was fo eafy ; 
I mean, faid lord Devonf. recommended by perfons 
who they don't much like. Indeed, my lord, faid I, 
if they only diflike fir R. Hadock, becaufe he is re- 
commended by fuch as they don't approve, it will con- 
firm me in the belief he is a fit man, fince they can 
make no other objedion againft him : I confefs, faid T, 
my lord, I was very angry at what fir T. Lee faid 



yellerday ; but this is to make me more fo, fince I fee 
'tis not reafon, but pafiion, makes fir T. Lee fpeak 
thus : upon which we fell into difcourfe of the divi- 
fions, which both lamented, and I think we both were 
angry, though not at one another. He complained 
that people were too much believed that ought not to 
be fo, and we could not agree. I Ihould never have 
done, Ihould I fay all I hear upon fuch matters, but 
what I have faid I think abfolutely neceffary for you 
to know : if I have been too angry I am forry for it : 
I don't believe I am eafily provoked, but think I had 
reafon now, and if I may fay fo, I do not think peo- 
ple fhould be humoured to this degree. Mr. Ruflel 
again defired the d. of Grafton (hould not be in 5 and 
lord Nott. who was one, of thofe who mentioned him 
before, defired me to let you know he is concerned at 
it, having fince been informed how unfit he is. One 
thing more I muft dcfire to know pofitively, which is 
about Kcnfington, whether you will go there, tho' my 
chamber is not ready. Your own apartment, lord 
Portland's, Mr. Overkirk's, and lady Darby's are done, 
but mine impofllble to be ufed, and nobody's lodgings 
elfe ready. The air is now free from fmoke, but your 
clofet as yet fmells of paint, for which I will afk par- 
don when I fee you. This is the true ftate of your 
two houfes, but if you will go lye only at Kenfington, 
for I fuppofe your bufinefs will keep you here all day, 
pray let me know. You may be fure I fhall be very 
willing to fufi^er any inconvenience for your dear com- 
pany, and wifii I could fufFer it all, tor I deferve it, 
being fomething in fault j tho' I have excufes which 
are not lyes. I hope this long letter will meet you fo 
near, that you may bring your own anfwer j if not, if 
you love me, either write me a particular anfwer your- 
felf, or let lord Portland do it for you ; for you fee the 
ncceflity of it for the public ; do a little alfo for my 
private fatisfa^tion, who loves you much more than my 



^een Mary to king William — about Hampton- court. 
Whitehall, ^^- 1690, 

July 26, 

LAST night I received yoiirs from Benit-bridge, 
by which I find you defigned to fummon Water- 
ford laft Moiiday, I befeech God give you good fuccefs, 
and fend you fafe and quickly home ; there was order 
taken yefterday in councill for the prorogueing the par- 
liament for 3 weeks. I have been this evening at Ken- 
fington, for tho' I did believe you would not be willing 
to ftay at Whitehall, yet I confefs what you write me 
word, makes me in a million of fears, efpecially fince 
I muft need confefs my fault, that I have not been 
prefling enough till it was too late. The outfide of 
the houfe is the fidling work, which takes up more 
time than one can imagine ; and while the fchafolds 
are up, the windows muft be boarded up, but as foon 
;. as that is done, your own apartment may be furnifhed ; 

and tho' mine cannot polTibly be ready yet awhile, I . 
have found out a way, if you pleafe, which is, that I 
may make ufe of lord Portland's, and he jy in fome of 
the other rooms ; we may lie in your chamber, and l 
go tKrow the council room down, or els drefs me there ; 
and as I fuppofe your bufinefs will biingyou often to 
town, fo I may take fuch times to fee company here, 
and that part of the family which can't come muft ftay 
here ; for 'tis no matter what inconveniencys any els 
fufFers for your dear fake; and this way I think the 
only one yourfelf will have, will be my lying in your 
chamber, which you know I can make as eafy to you 
as may be : our being there will certainly forward the 
work. I hope this letter will not come to your hands, 
but that you will be upon your way hither before this. 
My greateft fear is for your clofets here ; but if you 
will confider how much fooner you come back than one 
durft have hoped, you will forgive me, and I can't but 
be extreme glad to be fo deceived. God in his mercy 



ftnd us a happy meeting and a quick one, for which I 
am much more impatient than I can poflibly exprefs. 

^een Mary to King William. The divifions continue 

about the command of the fleet. ExpeSfs he is to be^ 

in London in a day or two. 

Whitehall, , , ' ' 1690. 

' July 30. ■' 

O tJ will not wonder that I did not write lai^ 
night, when you know that at noon I receivec 
yours, by A'Ir. Butler, whofe face [ fliail love to fee 
ever hereafter, fince he has come twice with fuch good 
news. That he brought yefterday was fo welcome to 
me, that I won't go about exprefling it, fince 'tis im- 
pofllble : but for my misfortune, I have now another 
Teafon to be glad of your coming, and a very ftrong 
one, if compared to any thing but the kindnefs I have 
for your dear felf, and that is the divifions which, to 
my thinking, encreafe here daily, or at leaft appear 
more and more to me. The bufinefs of the commiffion 
is again put off by Mr. Ruffell ; for the day before 
yefterday the com. of the ad. were again called upon ; 
and, for any thing I fee, can give no good account for 
their flownefs : rhey were again defired to haften all 
they could, and fir J. Lowther faying It was neccflary 
Aflihy {hould have help, gave occafion to afk why the 
commiflion was not figned, for which they could give 
but ill reafons ; the lords all agreed they {hould be a- 
gain ordered to do it, and that immediately, which 
they went away for. Mr. Ruffel was not here, but 
when he came to the adm. board, he defired it might 
be put off till an anfvver of a letter he writ to KiJli- 
grew could come. Yefterday morning lord Prefident 
told me of this, before I went to the cabinet council, 
and I faw then was very much out of humour, which 
1 fhall referve till I fee you. Mr. Ruffel himfelf fpoke 
to me of it, and faid he believed I would not find it 
reafonable to venture at this time the lofing fuch a man 
Vol. Ill, M as 




as KilHgrew, and fo gave it a veryhandfome turn,- tho*^ 

I think he has no mind to Hadock. I told him I was 

not fo unreafonable as to find fault with deferring this 

matter upon that account ; but that I could not bear 

with fir T. Lee's way. He went to excufe him, I faid 

that I muft own to him, that were I in your place, I 

would not have borne his anfwer ; but when he had in 

fuch a manner refufed to fign the commiffion, I fliouW 

have put it into fuch hands as v/ould have done it. Mr, 

Ruflell faid, he hoped 1 would not think of it now : I 

told him no ; he might be fure in your abfence I 

would not think of any thing of that nature, efpecially 

Jrtot without your orders for it j and when I told Mr. 

RuiTell the reafons fir T. Lee had fent me, which 

were, that he had nothing fo much againft the man asr 

againft thofe who recommended him, he faid indeed 

that was an ill argument : when the cabinet council 

did meet, thi^ bufihefs was left thus, at Mr. Ruflel's 

defire 5^ but he himfelf and all agreed, that lord Nott. 

fliould fend for fir R. Hadock, and teM him he was to 

go, that he might prepare for it ; but ftill there is fome 

difficulty about the precedency between fir jf . Alhby and 

him; for I hear that laft night Mr. Killigrew's an- 

fw^ came, who would rather be in his own fijation 

than one of the three. Thus the matter is, and thus 

you will find it, for fince you are fo near coming, I 

think it will not be proper to do- any thing that is not 

abfolutely neceflarvy and when you do come, you will 

then be the beft judge of the whole matter. At my 

coming from the council, I was told of Mr. Butler's 

being come, who foon brought me your letter, and 

cho' I was in hourly expe^ation, yet being fure you 

were coming did really tranfport me fo, that yet I 

hardly have recovered ity and there is fuch a joy every 

where, that it is not to be expreft. I went laft night 

to Kenfington, and will go again by and by : they pro- 

mife me all fliall be ready by Tuefday next, and this 

is Wednefday ; that is the night, by Mr. Butler's 

ireckoninga with a fair wind, you may be here, tho* I 



think, by your dear letter, it is poflible you may 
come a day fooner; at moft, if you ]ye here two 
nights; the third you may certainly, if it pleafeth 
God, be at Kenfington. I will do my endeavour that it 
may be fooner j but one night I reckon you will be con- 
tent to lye here. I writ you word in my laft, how I 
thought you might fhift at Kenfington, without my cham* 
ber, but I have thought fince to fet a bed (which is al- 
ready ordered) in the council chamber, and that I can 
drefs me in lord Portland*s,and ufe his clofet^ M. Nein-- 
burg is gone to get ready other rooms for him : thus I 
think we may fhift for a fortnight, in which time I hope 
my own will be ready ; they promife it fooner. This 
letter will, I hope, meet you at Chefter; it (hall ftay 
for you there, fo that if there be any thing elfe you 
would have done, do but let me know it by one 
Word, and you {hall find it fo, if it be in my power. 
I have one thing to beg, which is, that if it be pofli^ 
ble, I may come and meet you upon the road, either 
where you dine, or any where elfe, for I do fo long to 
fee you, that I am fure had you as much mind to fee 
your poor wife again, you would propofe it ;' but do as 
you pleafe : I will fay no more, but that I love you fo 
much it cannot encreafe, elfe I am fure it would. 

^een Mary to King William."— '-^Difappolnted upon his 
delayi?ig to return, 

Whitehall, Aug. \^, 1690, 

UNLESS I could exprefs the joy I had at the 
thoughts of your coming, it will be in vain to 
undertake telling you of the difappointment 'tis to me 
that you do not come fo foon; I begin to be in gieat 
pain left you had been in the ftorm a Thurfday nightj 
which I am told was great (though its being a t'other 
fide of the houfe hinder'd my hearing it) but was foon 
delivered by your letter of the 29th from Ch. Iconfefs I 
deferve fuch a flop to my joy, fince may be it was too 
great, and I not thankful enough to God, and we all 
M 2 b^f® 



here apt to be too vain upon fo quick a fuccefs. Bxtt-l 
have mortification enough to think your dear perfon • 
may be again expofed at the paffage of the Shannon, as 
it was at that of the Boyne : this is what goes to roy 
heart ; but yet I fee the reafons for it fo good,, that I 
will not murmur, for certainly your glory would be 
the greater to terminate the war this fumraer, and the 
people here much better pleafed, than if they muffc 
furnifli next year for the fame thing again. Upon thefe 
confiderations I ought to be fatisfied, and I will endea- 
vour as much as nr.ay be to fubmit to the will of God 
and your judgment j but you muil: forgive a poor wife, 
who loves you fo dearly, if I can't do it with dry eyes j 
yet fince it has pleafed God fo wonderfully to preferve 
you all your life, and fo miraculoufly now, I need not 
doubt but he will ftill preferve you ; yet let me beg you 
not to expofe yourfelf unneceflarily, that will be too 
much tempting that Providence which I hope will ftrll 
watch over you. Mr. Ruffel is gone down to the fleet 
lall Thurfday to haften as much as may be all things 
there, and will be back a Monday ^ when there is a 
great council appointed. I don't doubt but this com- 
million will finid many obftacJes 3 and this naming 
Killigrew among fuch as don't like him will be called 
in queftion, as well as the other two ; and I {hall hear 
again that 'tis a thing agreed among two or three, I 
wlil not write now no more than I ufed to do -uhat 
others can ; and indeed I am fit for nothing this day ; 
my heart is fo oppreft I don't know what to do. I have 
been at Kenfington for feme hours quiet, fo-morrcw 
being the firft Sunday of the month j and have made 
iife of lord Portland's cit,fet as I tcJd you in my laft I 
Would. The houfe would have been ready by Tuef- 
~^ day night, and I hope wiU be in better order now ; at 
leaft it (hall not be my fault if 'tis not. I fhall be very 
impatient to hear again from you, till w hen I (hall be 
in perpetual pain and trouble, w^hich I think you can't 
■wonder at, knowing that you are dearer to me than my 



^ieen Alary to King IFilliam. '—'Joy that he has af' 

proved of her condu£i with regard to the admiralty, — <=> 
People difcontented whatever he does. 

Whitehall, Aug. the y, 1690.- 

LAST night I received yours of the 3d July, and 
with great fatisfadion that it was fo plain ; your 
approving my anger is a great eafe to me, and I hope 
Enay make things go on the better if it be poflible ; 
tiiough there are great pains taken to hinder the per- 
fons named either from ferving at all, or from agree- 
ung, but I hope to little purpofe. They now begin to 
engage Mr. Citters in the bufinefs, and tell him ftories 
which will be worth your hearing when you come 
back ; and fir R. Hadock is now faid to rail at the 
Dutch, of which he has, I think, cleared himfelf. Po- 
fitive orders were given lord Pembroke this morning to' 
have the commifTion immediately figned, but fir T. Lee 
is again at other ways to oppofe it : yet Mr. Ruflel 
being come back this night from the fleet, to-morrow 
inorning they will have a full board, and fo no excufe; 
Lord Torrington has writ to the ofScers that they 
Ihould make an addrefs in his favour, and takes great 
pains by letters among them ; but this is a fecret : a§ 
for his trial, the only thing can be done is the admi^ 
ralty's giving a commiffion for it, which they have 
already orders for ; but that, as all things elfe with 
them, goes very flowly j and many difputes and nice- 
ties themfelves find about it : for my part, I muft con- 
fefs I fl^ould think if he were now acquitted, it would- 
be worfe both in regard of Holland and the bufinefs 
here, than if the preparations are made, and the going 
out of the fleet hinder it being put in execution for a 
while. I fhould not write you this thought of mine, 
if I did not find feveral of my mind, which makes me 
apt to believe I am not quite in the wrong ; but that 
you know better j and you may believe I fliall do as 
?euch as lies in my power to follow your dire^ions iia 
M ^ ^hal 


that and all things whatever, and am never fo eafy as 
when I have them. Judge then vi'hat a joy it was to 
me to have your approbation of my behaviour, and the 
kind way you exprefs it in, is the only comfort I can 
poflibly have in your abfence : what other people fay I 
ever fufpedl, but v^^hen you tell me I have done well, I 
tould be almoft vain upon it : I am fure I have all the 
reafon in the world to praife God, who has fuftained 
me in things fo difficult to flefh -and blood, and has 
given me more courage than I could have hoped for : I 
am fure 'tis fo great a mercy that I can never forget it : 
we have received many: God fend us grace to value 
them as we ought ; but nothing touches people's hearts 
here enough to make therri agree ; that would be too 
much happinefs, Lord Nott. will give you an account 
cf all things, and of fome letters which by great luck 
are fallen into our hands. I have been at Kenfmgton 
this evening, and made it now fo late that I am very 
ileepy, and fo can't fay much more : I fhall only 
aflure you that I take all the pains I can, Kenfington 
is ready ; that had you come this night as I did flatter 
myfelf you would have done, you could have lain 
there j that is to fay, in the council chamber, and 
there I fear you muft lie when you do come, which 
God grant may be foon. I muft needs tell you upon 
the fubjed, that when it was iirft known you intended 
to come back, 'twas then faid. What, leave Ireland 
unconquered, the work qnfinifhed I now upon your not 
coming, 'tis wondered whofe council this is, and why 
leave iis thus to ourfelves in our danger ? Thus people 
are never fatisfied j but I muft not begin upon the fub- 
jeft which would take up volumes ; and, as mucl^asj 
was prepared, furprizes me to a degree that is beyond 
expreffion, I have fo many feveral things to fay to 
you if I live to fee you, that I fear you never will 
have patience to hear half: but you will not wonder if 
I am furprized at things which though you are ufed to, 
are quite new to me. I am very impatient to hear 
^gain if you are over the Shannon 5 that paffage frights 



me. You muft excufe me telling my fears ; I love you 
too much to hide them, and that makes all dangers 
feem greater it may be than they are,. I pray God in, 
his mercy keep you, and fend us a happy meeting here 
©n earth, firft before we meet in heaven. 

If I could take more pains to preferve your kindnefsj 
that which you write would make me do it j but that 
has been ever fo much my defire, that 1 can't do more 
for you, nor love you better. 

^een Mary to King WiUiam.— Scotch affairs^ !«' 

Difficulties in England. Complains of whig party » 

Whitehall, Aug. y, 1690. 

IBEG!>3' to grow extreme impatient to hear froni 
you again, and till I do fhall have little reft; for the 
paflage af the river runs perpetually in my head. God 
grant I may hear good news. As for what paffes here, 
the commiilion is at laft paft, but only four have figncd 
it ; which was lord Pembroke, Mr. Ruflel, fir J. Low- 
ther, and captain Priflman, which it feems makes a 
|)oard : thefe have always been ready to do it, and the 
other three continue obftinate. The commiflion for the 
trial of lord Torrington was alfo prefsM extremely, and 
ordered yefterday in council that the commiflion of the 
admiralty Ihould make one of fuch officers now in fer- 
yice, though they were not in the fight, I was defired 
yefterday to let you know that though Mr. Caftairs be 
gone to Ireland to prefs you that the parliament in 
Scotland might fit, yet that the inconvenience would be 
fo great to have the forfeitures now look'd into at this 
time, that you are begged to confider of it. I muft not 
name the perfon ; he defired me not by letter, but 
when I fee you you will know all. I have likewife been 
defired to tell you an imperfefl: ftory of the ill condition 
<of the treafury. I defired it might be fent you exactly 
from thence, which they promife to do. I find people 
make fo many new difficulties every day in every things, 
tfeat 'tis a melancholy bufinefs to think of it. God only 
M 4 ' , ca® 


can cure fnch matters, and I trull he will, though we 
don't deferve it. I will not trouble you with a longer 
ktter at prefent ; God give you quick fuccefs, and a 
fpeedy return, are my conllant prayers with due fub- 
iniflion. I am unreafonable upon this fubje^, loving 
you too well to be at any eafe till I hear again from 

As I had finifhed this, lord Nott. and lord Marl, comes 
to tell of a projefl they have, which I think lord Marl. 
is to write to you ; for which reafon an exprefs is lent. 
And that gives me the liberty of telling you 'tis fir Wm. 
I^ockhart w ho begs you to confider the matter concern- 
ing Scotland. He fays he mufl: ever fpeak what he 
thinks moft for your fervice, and has fpoke with lord 
Prefident about it, who is to write to you of it ; but fir 
Wm- hopes he fhall never be known in the matter, 
becaufe of lord Melvill. Mr. Hampden is the perfon 
"U'ho tells fuch fad ftories of the ireafury, which I fear 
■u'ill prove but too true. We have had to-day a great 
difpute about the parliament, whether you fhould not 
call a new one or no. They would have me do it, but 
that I think improper for me. I think I writ you word 
of this before, that lord Monmouth preft me much in 
it, and offered, as I am confident you have heard from 
jne, a loan of 200,000 1- upon that condition, and 'tis 
certain that party have done all they could to hinder 
any money at all coming in ; and lord Prefident is of 
fjpinion they will leave nothing untryed, but he thinks 
it will not have the effeQ: they feem to defire, but that 
the fame perfons will go near to be chofe again- I fin4 
I am like to hear a great deal of this matter ; but I have 
Your abfence to anfwer it with ; I wifh I had not that 
j?!iy longer, but that you were here to do it foryourfelf. 
This is meer ftlf-intereil, longing of all things in the 
\vorld to fee you here again. 



J^-teen Mary to King William. Her anxiety about 

his pajjing the Shannon. 

Whitehall, Aug. i^, 1690. 

I HAVE had no letter from you fince that of the 31ft, 
from Chapelford ; what I fufFer by it you cannot 
imagine. I don't fay this by way of complaint, for I 
do believe you write as often as 'tis convenient or necef- 
fary, but yet I can't help being extreamly defirous of 
hearing again from you. This paflage of the river 
runs much in my mind, and gives me no quiet night nor 
day ; I have a million of fears, which are caufed by 
that which you can't be angry at, and if I were lefs 
fenfible I fhould hate myfelf, though I wifh I were not 
fo fearfull, and yet one can hardly go without t'other ; 
but 'tis not reafonable I fhould torment you with any of 
this. Lord Stuart defires me to let you know he has 
had a letter from M. et Mad. de Grammont, about her 
brother Mr. Hamilton ; they defire earneftly he may be 
exchanged for lord Montjoy. I told lord Devonf. that ■ 
I knew nothing of this Mr. Ham. faults (which I fee 
he is very apprehenfive the parliament will take into 
confideration, it he be not out of their power) but that 
upon his earneft defire I would let you know it. I 
would have had him write it you himfelf, but he begs 
me to do it. As for lord Mountjoy, I hope you will 
confider if any thing can be done for him. I can never 
forget that I promifed his fon's wife to fpeak to you, 
and {he really died of grief, which makes me pity her 
cafe; his family is in a miferablc way, and I am daily 
folicited from his eldeft daughter about him : if you 
would let lord Portland give me fome anfwer to this, I 
Ihould be very glad, for I can't wonder at people's de- 
firing to know fome anfwer, though I am tormented 
myfelf. The bufinefs of the commiffion for lord Tor- 
rington's tryal flicks flill at the admiralty, who are ap- 
pointed Monday morning to meet the civilians at coun- 
cil. I have ft^id till I am ready to go to bed^ and now , 



can put off fealing my letter no longer. I pray Ood 
give me patience and fubmiflion ; I want the firft ex- 
ceedingly, but I hope ail is well, efpecially your dear 
felf, who I love much better than life. 

^ten Mary to King JVilliam. y-lVhigs want a 

new parliament. 

Whitehall, Aug. ||, 1690. 

YO.U cannot imagine the miferable condition I was 
in laft night ; I think had not your letter come as 
it did, I fhould have fallen Tick with fear for your dear 
perfon ; but all that trouble made your news of the 
French having left Limmerick the more welcome, I 
will not fay your letter, for thofe are ever fo. I arr> 
fure this news affords new reafon of praifing God, fmce 
I hope it will prevetit any more fighting. You fpeak 
of your coming back now in a way which makes me 
hope not only that it will be quickly, but that you come 
willingly, and that is a double joy to me, for before I 
eonfefs, I was afraid to have feen you diflfatisfied when 
you were here, and that would have been very unplea- 
fant ; but now I hope in God to fee you foon, and fee 
you as well pleafed as this place will fuffer you to be, 
for I fancy you will find people really worfe and worfe. 
Lord Stuart was with me this afternoon, with whom J 
had a long converfation, which will be worth your 
knowing iivhen you come ; but he has made me promife 
to write you word now fome part pf it, which is, that 
he begs you to confider if you will not have a new par- 
liament, for this he is fure will do no good ; this he 
fays is his opinion. I fee it is a thing they are mightily 
fet upon. Lord Prefident methinks has very good ar- 
guments to try this firft, but of all this you will judge 
beft when you come. I can't imagine how it comes to 
pafs that you have not received my letter of the 26th of 
July ; I am fure I writ, and that you will have had it 
by this time, or elfe there muft be fome carelefsnefs in 
it which muft be lookt after- I have had this evening 


lord Anandale who is to tell all, and then I am to pro- 
cure a pardon from you, but I think I Ihali not be (o 
eafily deceived by him, as I fear lord Melvill has been 
by fir James Montgomery ; but thefe are things to talk 
of when you come back, which I pray God may be 
very foon. 'Tis the greateft joy in the world to hear 
you are fo well. I pray God continue it. I hope this 
will meet you uport your way back, fo it goes by an 
exprefs that it may not mifs you. I can't exprefs my 
impatience to fee you ; there is nothing greater but that 
which it proceeds from, which will not end but with 
my life. 

I have (een Mr. Hop, and Mr. Olderfon, but have 
time to fay no more. 

You will have an account of the buiinefs of the ad- 
miralty from lord Nott. 

^een Mary to King William, — Difpuies begin in coun- 
cil about naval promotions, 

Whitehall, Aug. the §-|, 1690. 

THOUGH I have nothing to fay to iyou worth 
writing, yet I cannot let any exprefs go without 
doing it ; and Mr. Hop, it feems, believes the bufinefs 
«f the Sweedifti fhip too confiderable to ftay but till to- 
morrow. The commiffioners of the admiralty have re- 
folved to come to me to-morrow, with fome names for 
flags : Mr. Ruflell recommends Churchill and Ellmor, 
becaufe he fays nothing has been done for them, tho* 
they both were trufted when you came over, and have 
been ever very true to your intereft ; but I think, if it 
be pofllble, to let them alone till you come, though 
Mr. Ruffel feems to think it cannot be delayed ; I (hall 
hear (if it muft be fo) what the other commiffioners 
think, and do as well as I can. I have been this day at 
Kenfington, which looks really very well, at leaft to a 
poor body like me, who have been fo long condemned 
to this place, and fee nothing but water or wall. 

I have 


I have received a letter from lord Durfley, who I 
fuppofe will write of the fame thing to yourfelf, and 
therefore I (hall not do it. I am very impatient for 
another letter, hoping that will bring me the news of 
your coming back ; 'tis impofilble to believe how impa- 
tient I am for that, nor how much I love you, which 
will not end but with my life, 

^een Mary to king IVilUam. 

Whitehall, Aug. the §|, 1 690. 

J ONLY write for fafhion fake, for I really have no- 
thing in the world to fay, yet I am refolved never 
!o mifs an opportunity of doing it while I live. To- 
morrow I am to go to the great council, where my lord 
mayor and aldermen are to come to be thanked for their 
«wo regirnents, and releafed of them ; when that is over 
I go, if it pleafe God, to Hampton-court, which I fear 
■will not be much advanced. It has been fuch a dorm 
of wind and rain this whole day, that I thankt God with 
alt my heart you could not be near the fea. I hope thg 
i\\ weather will fpend itfelf now, that when you do 
come you may have a quick paflage. I have feen Mr. 
Zuleftein to-day, who is fo tanned he frights me. I 
was heartily glad to fee him, believing you would not 
have fent him here, but that you refolved foon to fol- 
low. Adieu ; continue to love me and I {hall be happy, 
and 'tis the only thing can make me fo. 

^een Mary to King William, Lord AnnandaWs 


Whitehall, Aug. |f. 
'T^HIS time I write with a better heart than the laft, 
-*- becaufe it goes by an exprefs, which muft find 
you out, which it may be the conjmon poft may not fo 
well do; there was then nothing to write: this time I 
ii^e a paper to fend you, which lord Notj. is to copy, 



which is what lord Annandale has made fir William 
Lochart write, becaufe he was not willing it (hould 
be feen under his own hand. I think I writ you word, 
or {hou'd havedorte, that he fent by his wife to firWm, 
he woii'd furrender himfelf, if he might be fure not 
to be made an evidence of', upon which fir Wm. drew 
up conditions, that he ftiou'd tell all, and then he 
Ihould be made no evidence, and has my word to get 
your pardon. I think I writ you this before, but to 
be fliort, he is come in, and 1 have fpoke twice with 
him ; the fecond time was laft night, when he gave me 
that paper, and feems to be in earneft : he tofd me, 
that after the time the papers were burnt, wherewith 
this ends, fir J. Montgomery propofed fending a fecond 
meffage by the fame Simfon, but he rejected it as much 
as he durft, but v/as afraid to tell him plainly hewou'd 
not ; fo having a mind to get out of this, he pretended 
bufinefs at his ov/n houfe in the country ; but his cold- 
nefs made fir J. Montgomery the warmer in it, and 
afiure him he would fpend his life and fortune in that 
intereft : thus they parted, and he knew no more till 
lord Breadalbine came to fee lord Annandale, in his 
way to Chefter, when he went to meet you ; he told 
him fir James had certainly fent another mefTage, but 
that he was not engaged in it, and believed nobody was 
befides, but lord Arran, tho' he cou'd not be pofitive if 
lord Rofs were not likewife in : this he told me laft 
night, and defires to be afkt more queftions, not know- 
ing but that he might yet remember more than at pre- 
fent he can' think of : thus he feems to deal fincerely ; 
but to fay the truth, I think one does not know what 
to believe, but this I am certain of, that lord Rofl'e did 
not keep his word with me, much lefs has fir J. Mont- 
gomery with lord Adelvill, for he has been in town ever 
fince this day was fevenight, and I have heard nothing 
of him, which is a plaine breach of the conditions. I 
hope in God I ftiall foon hear from you, 'tis a long 
while fince I have; but I am not fo uneafie as I was 
laft time, yet enough to wifh extremely for a letter, 



D'lone Is to fend lord Portland, by this poft, a copy 
of a letter from Mr. Prieftman, in which you will fee 
what need you have of that divine protedlion, which 
has hitherto fo watched over yoUj and which only can 
make me eafy for your dear falce. The fame God who 
has hitherto fo preferved you, will, I hope, continue, 
and grant us a happy meeting here, and a blefled one 
hereafter. Farewell j 'tis too late for me to fay any 
more, but that I am ever and intirely yours, and (hall 
be fo till death. 

^een Mary to King William.- Cbntraji between 

the fenttments of the Dutch and Englijh with regard to 

Whitehall, Aug. the Ifth, 1696. 

LAST night, when it wasjuft a week fince I had 
heard from you, I received yours of the T§th, af- 
ter I was a^bed : I was extreamly glad to find by it you 
had paft theShanon, but cannot be without fears, fmce 
the enemys have ftill an army together, which, tho' it 
has once more run away from you, may yet grow def- 
perate, for ought I know, and fight at laft : thefe are 
things I can't help fearing, and as long as I have thefc 
fears, you may believe I can't be eafy ; yet I muft look 
over them, if it be poilible, and force myfelf to talk, 
or prefently every body thinks all loft. This is no fmall 
part of my penance j but all muft be endured as long 
as it pleafes God, and I have ftill abundant caufe to 
praife him who has given you this new advantage. I 
pray God continue to blefs you, and make us all as 
thankfull as we ought ; but I muft own the thoughts 
of your flaying longer is very uneafy to me. God give 
me patience, I hope you will be fo kind to write 
oftener j while you are away, it is really the only com- 
fort this world affords, and if you knew what a joy It is 
to receive fo kind a one as your laft, you wou'd by 
that, better than any thing eife, be able to judge of 



mine for you, and the belief that what you fay upon 
that fubjeift is true, is able to make me bear any thing. 
When I writ laft I was extream fleepy, and fo full of 
my Scotch bufinefs, that I really forgot Mr. Harbord ; 
he wrote to fir R. Southwell, as he told me, but he 
has a great deal to fay : he pleafcd me extremely to 
hear how much people love me there ; when I think of 
that, and fee what folk do here, it grieves me too mueh^ 
for Holland has really fpoiled me in being fo kind to 
me ; that they are fo to you 'tis no wonder, I wifh to 
God it was the fame here j but I afk your pardon for 
this, if I once begin upon this fubje£l, I can never have 
done to put it out of my bead. 1 muft put you once 
more in mind of the cuftos rotulorum for lord Fitz- 
harding, he thinks his honor depends much upon it, 
having been fo long in his family. I did once tell you, 
that he did not defire to be lord lieutenant, but now 
fome gentlemen therein the country have wrote to him 
about it, which makes him defire to be it; if you think 
it for your fervice^ I fuppofe you will do nothing in ie 
till your return, 'tis only that you may remember it, 
and not be engaged before he fpeaks. Lord Marl, is 
alfo very earneft with me to write to you what has been 
done to-day, and the eommiflionefs of the admiralty 
,have been here in a body, at the cabinett council!, to 
name 4 perfons, out of which they defired me to chufe 
two flags. Lord Marl, defired me to name 'em to you 
in order, which is Churchill, Aylmer, Wheeler, and 
Mitchell ; he fays lord Prefident may write to you about 
one Carter, and 'tis like enough he will, for he tells 
me he is much an older officer, and will quit if thefe 
come ovet his hea4, and fays all goes by partiality and 
faction, as indeed I think it's but too plain in other 
things, how it is in this you will be beft able to judge. 
I writ you word before what Mr. Ruffel faid of the two 
firft J you will do in it as you pleafe, for I told the 
commiflioners myfelf, that I hoped yoa wou'd be here 
fo foon, that I did not fee why this matter ftiou'd not 
Hay for your coming, and fo I refolve to leave it, if 





it's poffible, but cou'd not refufe my lord Marl, nor 
indeed myfelf, the writing you the matter as it is, the' 
he expeds I (hould write in his favour, which the' 1 
would not promife, yet I did make him a fort of com- 
pliment, after my fafhion. I need not repeat either 
how much I love you, nor how impatient I am to fee 
you, you are kind enough to be perfwaded of both, and 
I fhall make it my endeavour, while I live, never to 
give you caufe to change your opinion of me, no more 
than I fliali my kindnefs for you, which is much above 

^een Mary to King William — --^ on the report of the 

lofs of his artillery at Limerick. 

Whitehall, Aug. the lift, 1690: 

TH I S is only to let you know that I have received 
your duplicate of the 14th, which came by Wa- 
terford, and got hither lafl night by 9 o'clock. There 
was no time loft in obeying your orders, but I have fe- 
veral remarks to make another time. Sir R. Southwel's 
letter fpeaks of a misfortune to the artillery, which he 
refers to your letter, that is coming by Dublin ; I can- 
not^imagine the reafon 'tis not come yet, nor can 1 help 
being very impatient for it. The meflenger te Is an 
imperfedl ftory, which makes a great noife in the town, 
and does not leflen the defire of knowing the truth ; 
befides, 'tis fuch a comfort to hear from you, that I 
can't be blamed for wiftiing it. This is all I will fay 
to-night j for fliould I begin to tell my fears, that you 
will not be backfo foon as I could wifti, I ftiould trou- 
ble you, and vvrite myfelf afleep, it being late. You 
know my heart, I need fay nothing of that, 'tis fo en- 
tirely yours. 


A l> P E k D i X 

i^een Mary to king JVilliam — upon his raijing the fiege 
of Limerick. — Great heats about naval promotions, — «= 
Vppofttion to lord Marlborough's expeditii^n to Kingfale. 

Whitehall, ^^S^:-h- i6qo 

' Aug. ?.2, *D9(J'> 

THIS day at noon I received yoiirs, which came 
by the way of Dublinj and am forry to fee the 
rneirenger's news confirmed ; but it has pleafed God to 
biefs you with fuch a continued fuccefs ail chis whilcj 
that it is, may be, neceilary to have (ovtiC little crofSo 
I hope in God this will nbt prove a great one to the 
main bufinefs, tho' '^tis a terrible thought to me, thac 
your coming is put cff again for fo long time j I think. 
it fo, I'm fure, and have great reafon every manner of 
way. I will fay nothing of what my poor heart fufFers^ 
but muft tell you, that I am now in great pain about 
the naming the flags. Mr. Ruflel came to mc laiJ: 
hight, and faid it would now be abfolutely neceflary j 
when I infifted upon flaying till I heard from you, hd 
defired to know if I had any particular reafon ; I told 
him plainly, that fince 1 could not pretend to know my« 
felf who were the fitteft, it troubled me to fee all were 
hot of a mind ; that I was told by feveral perfons, that 
there v^^ere ancient officers in the fleet, who had flOw be° 
haved themfelves very well this laft time, and would 
certainly qtiit if thefe ivfere preferred ; fo that he could 
not blame me if I defired, in this difBculty, to flay for 
your anfwer, to whom 1 had wrote : to this he anfwered 
in more pafTion than ever I faw him, that Carter and 
Davis, which he kncvv Iprd Prefident and lord Nott„ 
would fpeak for, were two pitiful fellows, and very 
mean feamen ; that next fummer he would not com- 
mand the fleet if they Hiould have flags. After a long 
difpute about this matter, I have put him ofF till the 
lafl nnoment comes, when they are to fail j he fays^j 
then he mufl: fpeak of it to the comm. and hfiar who 
will fpeak againfl it, by which I may judge, \ fee lord 
Vol. III. N Marl, 




Marl, heart is very much let upon this matter, and Mk 
Ruffell, as you may fee .by what I write, on t'oth'sr 
lide. Lord Prefident fays, if Churchill have a flag, he 
will be called the flag by favour, as his brother is cal- 
led the general of favour : he fays abfolutely this Car- 
ter will quit, and commends him highly; but I muft 
tell you another thing, which is, that he is mightily 
difiatisfied with the bufmefs of Kinfaie. I fee he does 
not oppofe it, for he fays 'tis your order, and there- 
fore muft be obeyed ; but I iind he raifes many diffi- 
culties to me ; what he does to others i can't tell, but, 
among other things, he endeavours to frighten me by 
the danger there is of being fo expofed, when the fleet 
and 5000 men are gone, which he reckons all the 
force ; tells how eafy it will be then for the French to 
come only with tranfport fhips, and do what they will, 
but with all this, is very defirous to forward all things. 
You will have an account from lord Nott. v/hat has 
been done this day and yefterday. I know you v/ill 
pity me, and I hope will believe that if your letter had 
been lefs kind, I don't know what would become of 
me, 'tis that only makes me bear all that now fo tor- 
ments me, and I give God thanks every day for your 
kinSnefs j 'tis fuch a fatisfadtion to me to find you are 
fatisfyed with me, that I c:innot exprefs it j and I do 
fo flatter myfelf with the hopes of being once more 
happy with you, that that thought alone, in this world, 
makes me bear all wi^h patience. I pray God prefer\e 
you from the dangers 1 hear you expofe yourfelf daily 
to, which puts me in continual pain. A battle, I fancy, 
Is foon over ; but the perpetual Ihooting you are now in, 
h an intollerable thing to think on ; fjr God's fake 
take cai'e of yourfelf ; you owe it to your own and this 
country, and to all in general. I mufl not name my- 
felf where church and Itate are equally concerned, yet 
I mufl: needs fay, you owe a little care for my fak&, who, 
I am fure, loves you more than you can do me : and 
4he little care you take of your dear perfon I take to 

A P j» E N D I X. 

^)e a fign of it : but I muft ftill love you more than 

^ueen Mary to King IVilliom. Btate of her owrt 

mind, — Oppofttion to lord Marlborough's expedition te 
Kingfale.—Her dijlike of lady Marlborough, 

Whitehall, ^2iii 1690/ 

Aug,26, ^ 

°\7"ESTERDAY I was very much difappointed 
JL when lord Nott. brought me a letter from yoUj 
to find it was only the duplicate to a former which 
brought your orders to lord Mar!. So that I have now 
received three of yours of one date j you may be fure 
ihey are all extremely welcome, but I confefs that 
which came yefterday would have been more fo, had 
it been of a frefher date. I have been juft now wri- 
ting to your aunt, the princefs of NalTau, in anfwer 
to one which fhe wrote, to let mc know of her daugh- 
ter being to marry the prince of Saxenfchnach. I be- 
lieve you will be glad for your coufm's fake, that (he 
ivill be difpofed of before her mother dies ; and I ever 
heard it at the Hague that this young man was good- 
natured, which will make him ufe her well, though 
fae is fo much older : and for his good fortune, {he has 
enough I believe to govern him more gently than an- 
other coufin of yours does her fpoufe. I can't helfi 
laughing at this wedding, though my poor heart is 
ready to break every time I think in what perpetual 
danger you are ; I am in greater fears than can be ima- 
gined by any who loves lefs than myfelf. J count the 
hours and the moments, and have only reafon enough 
left to think, as long as I have no letters all is well. I 
believe, by what you write, that you got your cannon 
PViday at fartheft, and then Saturday 1 fuppofe you be* 
gan to make ufe of them ; judge then what cruel 
thoughts they are to me to think v/hat you may be ex- 
pofed to all this while. I never do any thing without 
thinking now, it may be, you are in the greateft dai^i- 

N % gefSj 


1^6 APPEND! X. 

gers, and yet I muft fee company upon my set days : I 
muil play twice a week ; nay, I mud laugh and talk, 
tho' never (o much againfl my will : 1 believe I dilTem- 
ble very ill to thofe Who know me, atjeafi: 'tis a great 
conftraint to myftlf, yet I mull endure it : all my mo- 
tions are fo watch'd, and all I do fo obferved, that if 1 
eat lefsj or fpeak lefs, or look more grave, all is lofl in 
the opinion of the world ; fo that i have this mifery 
added to that of your abfence and my fears for your 
dearperfon, that 1 muft grin when my heart is ready to 
break, and talk when my heart is fo opprefs'd 1 can 
fcarce breathe. In this I don't kn-.w what I (hould do,- 
were it not for the grace of God v^hich fupports me : 
I am fure I have great reafon to praife the Lord while I 
Jive for this great mercy, that I don't fink under this 
affliction j nay, that I keep my health ; for 1 can nei- 
ther fleep nor eat. I go to Kenfmgton as often as I 
can for air, but theh I can never be quire alone ; nei- 
ther can I complain, that would be fonse eafe ; but I 
have nobody whofe humour and circumftances agrees 
with mine enough to fpeak my mind freely to : be- 
■>. Ildes, I muft hear of bufinefs, which being a thing I 
am fo new in, and fo unfit tor, does but break my 
braifls the more, an! not cafe my hear^. I fee 1 have 
infenfibly made my letter too long upon rny own fi-lf, 
but I am confident you love enough to bear with it for 
once : I don't remember that 1 have bren guilty cf th«j 
like fault before, fince you v/enr ; und tliat is now thret; 
months, for v/hich time of almoft perpetuai kzr and 
trouble, this is but a ll:iorr account, and fo I hope may 
pafs ; 'tis fome eafe to me to write my pain, and 'tis u 
great fatisfa£tion to believe you v.'ill pity me, it will be 
yet more when I hear ir from yourfclf in a letter, as I 
am fure you mufl: if it were but out of common good- 
nature ; how much more then out of kindnefs, if you 
love me as well as you make me believe, and as I en- 
deavour to deferve a little by that fincere and lafting 
kindnefs I have for you : but by making excufes I do 
but take up more of your time, and therefore muft tell 



you that this morning lord Marl, went away; as little 
veafon as I have to care fcr his wife, yet I muft pity 
her condition, hiiving lain in but eight days ; and I 
have great compafiion on wives when their hufbands go 
to fighr. There has been a great debate this morning 
in the cabinet council, whether the commifHoners of the 
admiralty fhould be trufted with the fecret. Mr. Ruf- 
felf thought it was no matter if the whole town knew 
it ; lord Prefident thought the w hole fuccefs depends 
upon it being a fecret, and would not have th<: com- 
niiflloners of the admiralty told it by no means : moil 
were of his opinion, efpecially lord Monmouth ; biit 
'lis too tedious to write more of this : you will have an 
account from lord Nott. of all that has been done be- 
fides to-day„ li the wind continues fair, I hope this 
bufinefs will fuccecd ; though I find if it do net, thofe 
who have advifed it will have an ill time, all except lord 
Nott. being very much againft it : lord Prefident only 
complying becaufe it is your order j but not liking it, 
and wondering England fnould be fo expofed, thinking 
it too great a hazard. There would be no end fhould 
I tell you all I hear upon this fubjefl:, but I thank God 
I am not afraid, nor do I doubt of the thing, fmce 'tis 
by your order. I pray God the weather does not cbEnge 
with you as it does here ; it has rained all night and 
this day, and looks as if it were fet in for it. Every 
thing frights me now, but were I once more fo happy 
as to fee you here, I fancy I ibould fear nothing, I 
have forgot to tell you that in the Utrecht courant they 
have printed a letter of yours to the States, in which 
you promife to be foon Vi^ith them ; I can't tell hov/ 
many ill hours I have had about that in the midft of 
all my joy; when I thought you were coming home, 
it troubled me to think you would go over and fight 
again there. And now I am upon this, I muft tell you, 
that Mr. Johnfon writes that Mr. Danckleman has 
writ the Ele<9or word, that you received the news very 
coldly that he was come to the army, which they lay 
^ext him : I have writ to himj 'tis already fome 
N 3 time 


time ago, in anfwer to a letter I had from him, which 
I wifh vou had feen '; it was full of fo many extraor-? 
dinary ihings, but fo like him. I have had a prei'enC 
from him of an amber cabinet, which I :hink is not 
neceflary to write. Now my letter is already fo long, 
but 'tis as if I were bewitched to-night, I can't end for 
my life ; but will force myfelf now, befeeching God 
to blefs you and keep you from all dangers whatfoever ; 
and fend us a happy meeting again here upon earth, 
and at lad 3 joyfi:!! and bicfled one in heaven in his 
good time. Farewell ; do but continue to love me, 
and forgive the taking up fo much of your time to 
your poor wife, who deferves more pity than ever any 
creature did, and who loves you a great deal too much 
for her own eafe, though it can't be more than you de-^ 

^leen Alary to King IVilliom^ ufgn hU reiuming from 
Ireland. — Her dijlike to the queen doivagcr^ 

Whitehall, Sent, the ^th, 1690. 
ORD Winchefter. is defirous to meet you, whicK 
you may believe I will never hinder any one, 
Whifther I ought to fend him out of form fake I can't 
tell, but it may pafs for what it ought to the world, 
and to ycur dear felf at leaft I fuppofe it is indifFeretit. 
Nothing can exprefs the inipatience I have to fee you, 
nor my joy to think it is fo near j I have not flept all 
this night for it, though I had but five hours fleep the 
night before, for a reafon I fhall tell you. I am now 
going to Kenfmgton to put things in order there, and 
intend to dine there to-morrow, and expert to hear 
when I fiiall fett out to meet you, I had a compliment 
Jalt night from Q. Dowager, who came to town a Fri- 
day ; (he fent it I believe with the better heart becaufe 
Limmericke is not taken : for my part I don't think 
pf that or any thing elfe but you ; God fend you a good 
journey home, and make me thankful] as I ought for 
&il l^is mercjes. ^ 


Gne of lord Dartmouth'' s memorandums on h'lfoop Burnet's 
hi/lory y Vol. II. p. 134. — Anecdotes of ^e en Mary. 

THE duke of Leeds told me, that King William, 
before he went abroad, told him, that he muft 
be very cautious of faying any thing before the queen, 
that looked like a difiefpefl to her father, which fhe 
never forgave any body : and the marquis of Halifax 
in particular had loft: all manner of credit with her for 
fome unfeafonablejefts he had made upon this fubje6t. 
That he, the duke might depend upon what (he faid 
to him to be fcriftly true, though fhe would not always 
teU the whole truth ; and that he muft not take it for 
granted that Ihe was of his opinion every time flie did 
not think fit to contradid him. The earl of Notting- 
ham, who was much in her confidence, told me, he 
was very furs if fhe had outlived her hufband, ihe 
would have done her utmoft to have reftored her father; 
but under fuch reftridlions, as (hould have prevented 
his ever making any attempts upon the religion or li- 
bprtys of his country. 

In lord Hardwicke's manufcript of the memoirs of Byng 
lord Torrjngton, there is the following account of 
lord Torrington's motions before the battle of Beachy 

De Tourville was joined at Breft, by the 
■" count of Chateau Renaud, who, incoming 
through the freights, had milled Killlgrew's fquadron, 
that v/as looking out for him, with a great fleet con- 
fifting of the largeft and bed of the French fliips. M. 
de Tourville failed from Breft, and coming into the 
channel, hovered on the Englilh coaft, expecting the 
effedls of the defigned confpiracy which was to break 
out about this time. The Englifh and Dutch had not 
bjsen long rendezvoufed at St, Helen's, when the lord 
" N 4 Tor- 


ICG A P P- E N D I X. 

Torrington received advice of the French flest ap- 
pearing on the back of the Ifle of Wight, which fur- 
prized him, as not believing them forward enough to be 
put fo foon ; and therefore had fent no fcouts to the 
wellward to obferve their motions. Upon this he im- 
rnediately got under fail, and was joined the next day 
fcy admiral Evertfen, and feyeral Dutch ihips with him. 
When he made the French fleet, they were to leeward 
of him, and drawing into a line of battle, bore down 
upon them j but a thick fog coming on, the Englifh 
and Dutch anchored, 'till it cleared up, when he faw 
the French fleet again, confifting in all of lOO fail. 
The lord Torrington then made the fignal for the blue 
fquadron tp lead the van towards them, but when he 
was come within 4 leagues of them, it growing night, 
he brought to, and both fleets anchored. 

In a council of war lord Torrington held upon this 
pccafion, it v/as the general opinion they were too 
weak to engage the enemy, the fentimcnts of which 
He fent up by exprefs to t;ie queen. In tiie mean timie 
|)oth fleets, in Tight of one another, weighed and drew 
into a line, but it proving little wind, they anchored 
again ; but in the evening lord Torrington flood up 
the channelj and the French fleet was not in fight all 
the next day ; and the day after, he came ofF peachy 
Head, where he |:ept forhetinies under fail, and fome- 
times at anchor. 

While the two fleets kept thus in fight of each other, 
the court was very uneafy that (he enemy fiiould be ort 
the coaft while fijch a confiderable fleet was at fea^ 
therefore pofitive orders were fent to lord Torrington^ 
not to let the French fleet go aw^y unfought, which or- 
der he received the evening of the 29th of June, and 
immediately communicated them to the council of vvar^ 
who were of opinion, that fince he had fuch pofitive 
orders to fight the enemy, it fhould not be delayed 
while they had the wind of them : and that it would 
he befl, when they attacked them, to go clofe up to 
them 3 the admiral of the Dinch joining with thsm 



\n the fame opinion. So that lord Torrington got un- 
der fail the fame evening, being three leagues ofF of 
Beachy Head." 

In the fame manufcript there is the following account 
of the French motions after the battle, 

*' 'T'HE French continued their purfuit for four 
-^ days, which had they done in formal line of 
battle, but every beft failor left to a6b, at leaft all the 
difabled fhips of the fleet had been taken by them ; but ' 

through this failure, and by not obferying, or not be- 
ing well acquainted with our tides, which the Englifh 
fleet made fuch advantage of, that when they got off 
of Dover, the French, though in fight, were fo far 
behind, that they defifted following ic any further, as 
not thinking it advifeable to go after them, on theb^ck 
of the Goodwin, and in amongfl: the fands towards 
the Thames, where the Knglifh fleet was retireing, an4 
came to an anchor at the Nore in great confufion, and 
expelling that the French might attack them. All the 
buoys were taken up, and other neceflTary difpofitions 
made, as foon as they got there." 

Jn the fame manufcript there is the following account 
of lord Torrington's trial, 

** "F T was by a court martial held at Sheernefs, on 
J_ the loth of December, in which he was una- 
nimoufly acquitted, though it was thought by fome it 
fhould have been the houfe of lords, as being a peer. 
It is fuppofed this was chiefly done as fome fatisfaiStion 
to the Dutch, who had much fufFered in the battle. 
The only blame to be laid on lord Torrington, *' was 
*« his ftanding to the fouthward at the beginning of 
?' the engagement, and by not going nigher to the 
^* French with the reft of the fleet, as he had admo- 
** nifhed all the other commanders to do, at the coun- 
l^ c'll of war held before the battle ; yet though his 

*'= fquadroHg 

203 A P PEN D I X. 

" fquadron, which was the firongedr, bad behaved as 
'' the reft did, it is unreafonable to think he could 
*• have obtained an)' v'l&ory over the French, whofe 
*' ftrength was fo much fuperior both in the number 
*^ and quality of their fhips, the enemy being 70 odd 
^' fail, and the Englifli and Dutch only 50." The 
Dutch admiral, who went very nigh the enemy, and 
behaved himfelf very bravely, committed likewife a 
miftalce, by not going to the headmoft fhips of the 
enemys line, which had prevented their ftretching a- 
head and tacking on him, which gave occafion to the 
jH confequences that followed. As thefe were the 
miftakes of the confederates during the battle, fo was 
not the French without theirs after it ; for had they an- 
chored at firft, as the Englilh did, they had not been 
fo much to the weftward of them, or had they weighed 
fo early as them, it is thought the whole fleet might 
have been endangered, they being near twice as ftrong, 
after that of the Dutch was difabled. But the Englifh 
gained (o much on them, that they thought it in vain 
to purfue them further, and thereby loft the advantage 
of a victory they might have obtained. 

The lofs of this battle, and the apprehenfions.of a 
defcent, and feveral rifings in the country, occafioned 
a great confternation in the people. But from the 
queen's wife adminiftration, and application to bufmefs 
during the king's abfence, joined to her conftancy of 
mind, prevented all their fears of danger : and the 
vi6i:ory g:iined by the king at the battle of the Boyne, 
which happened on the very next day after that of 
Beachy, put a fudden and effe6lual ftop to all the de- 
figns of the difcontented party." 



Lord ShreWjbury to lord Carmarthen. — Offers to take the Tn King WII- 
command of the jieet upon the defeat off Beachy Head. "^'"^ °*' 

My Lorc^s Southborrow, July the 12th, 90. 

*' I ^HIS place, as much as I can fee yet of it, has as 
-^ much the air of real folitude, as the mofl: romantic 
grove you ever read of ; vt^hether it be my lord Tor- 
rington or Mr. Tourville's fault is not yet decided, but 
yefterday we met fo many Dutch Teamen upon the road, 
that that fubjedl fills me with compaflioi), but at the 
fame time leads me to what I fat down with intention 
to write upon, which 1 defirc you will keep to your- 
felf, unlefs you fee a fit opportunity, and withal that ' 
you think my propofal neither too vain nor too foolifli. 
If I do not very much miftake Mr. RufTePs inclina- 
tions, I think he is not very fond nor ambitious of un- 
dertaking this expedition at fea, not being, I believe, 
confident enough of his own experience to de- 
fire the command alone, nor yet willing to undergo fo 
much trouble and danger as fuch a bufinefs requires, 
when he is only to fliare the honour with other com- 
miflioners. If he does not go, I conclude no other 
finglc man will be trufted with the fleet, there being 
obje£lions againft every body can be named, either 
for want of fkill, or fecurity of their inclinations to 
the government. If the fleet be commanded by 
eommiflioners, I imagine there will be appointed one 
man of quality and twofeamen. If my lord Pembroke 
defires it, no body can difpiite what is fo much his 
due j but by feveral people I have fpoken with, there 
appears too great a backward nefs in every body to un- 
dertake the regaining this loft game, that I doubt whe- 
ther any will offer themfelves who are fit to be accept- 
ed : it is only in this cafe, and no other, that I think 
myfelf obliged to let you know, that if there fhould 
any fuch great want be, as that I could be ferviceable 
(which is hardly credible) I would venture with all the 
jreadinefs imaginable, and prpmifeyou, that as I fliould 


be able to do little good, I would do as little hurtj, 
which is all can be expei^ed from the beft you can 
fend," if joined with two able mettled feamen, which I 
am fure are the only people can recover this difgrace. 

I cannot help being fo ridiculous as to be mightily 
picqued at the affront the nation has fufFered, and thirik 
it fo much concerns the intereft as well as reputation of 
every man that calls himfelf an EngliQiman, not to 
fufFer this domineering fleet to go home without a re- 
venge, and call themfelyes ever after fovereigns of the 
fea, that 1 am very foUicitous to hear good men are 
jiamed for this command, that it might be fomebody's 
bufinefs who is fufficiently concerned in the fuccefs, to 
fee thi» fleet equipped with diligence and care. This 
long letter is writ contrary to all orders of a regular 
water-drinker, and in great hafte. If what I have of- 
fered be very wrong, I hope you will have tlis charity 
to conceal the follies of 

Your lordfhip's 

Moft faithfuls humble fervant, 


InKingWil- Ma7'quis of Caermarthen to king WilUam.—^Sufpldons of 

lord Monmouth^ 

SIR, London, i6th June, 1690. 

MY former of the 13th did not go ?s I expedied, 
becaufe I underftood it would have no other 
conveyance than by the ordinary pofl-, by which not 
only myfelf dare not write, but my lord Marlborow 
and others (who know lefs than I do of that matter) 
have declared publickly that they will not write but by 
cxpreiTes, having reafon to believe that major Wild" 
man has exadl impreflTions of moft people's feals, and 
that he makes ufe of his art. 

He does now produce le-tters which he pretends to 
iintercept every poft, which are interlined with white 
ink, with the beft intelligence which can be given of 

■ ' ■■ YoMT 


l^our Majefty's councils and affairs : they are always dl- 
re(5ted to Monf. Coutenay, at Amfterdam ; and I re- 
rhember my lord Monmouth told me of fuch a direc- 
tion above two months ago ; but we never faw any of 
thefe tijl one about four days before Your Majefty's 
departure, and they are fo much of one ftrain, that I 
cannot hinder myfelf from fufpcfting them to be fham. 
letters, either to bring fome of your council under 
fufpicion of betraying fecrets, or to ptit a value upon 
Mr. Wildman's great diligence in your fervice at this! 

I cannot but alfo acquaint Your Majefiy with a pri- 
vate difcourfe of my lord Monmouth's to me on the 
14th, which did miich furprize me j but although I 
now believe there is no fuch danger, yet it is fit for 
Your Majefty's knowledge. It was that he did then 
believe we fhould in a few hours from that time hear 
that 5000 French foot were landed irt Scotland, to 
which a great number of Scotch were joined by that 
time. I told him if he knew it to be true, he ought 
to acquaint the queen with it ; which he faid he would 
have done, if he had been very fure of the truth of it ; 
but he was confident it would be found true in a few 
hours longer : but hearing nothing of it the next day, 
1 afked him, why he had faid fo before ? he anfvvered, 
that the news had been brought by a man who came 
poft out of Scotland in forty-eight hours, and had rid 
himfelf aimoft dead ; but faid he did not know the man, 
nor how to' enquire after him : and upon further dif- 
courfe he faid, he had told Your Majefly that he would 
endeavour to get what intelligence he could out of Scot- 
land for your fervice, and that he would endeavour to 
pt-event all things there which might tend to your dif- 
fervice, but that he would be torn to pieces before he 
would name any perfons, and that you were contented 
to give him that liberty. In (hort — -although I hope 
he wifhes vy^ell to Your Majefty, I believe him to be 
abufed by Wildman : and he was in as much diforder 
as ever I h'^Ni when Fergufon's papers were fearched^ 


and went about a dozen times to his Jodging, where 
Wildman was all the time. 

I fay not this with any refleftion upon my lord, 
(who in my confcience I do believe means well to yout 
intereft) but I believe he has been privy to moreof thft 
Scotch defigns than he now wifhes he had known. 

Le'rd Caermarthen io King TVlUiam^ upon the defeat a* 
Beachy Head. — 'Prejfes him U return from Ireland. 

SIR, Londohj 7th July, 1690. 

I WRIT (o at large to Your Majefty yefterdayi 
that I ought not to trouble you fo foon again, were 
it not to congratulate Your Majefty's victory over your 
enemies at Drogheda, which I hope I need not go 
about to perfuade Your Majefty of my rejoyceing in as 
truly as any of your fubjedls. It is pity that fo much 
bravery and greatnefs as Your Majefty fbews in all 
kinds, fhould meet with any fuch repulfe as you have 
done at fea ; but I hops that may be repaired if thofe 
will do their dutys to whom it belongs. 

However, as the prefeni cafe is, without Your Ma- 
jefty's fpeedy returne (befides many inconveniences 
here which would be prevented by it) I do to the uc- 
moft degree apprehend its being made impradlicable, in 
fome little time hence, for you to returne this fum- 
jner, if you would, efpecially with any force, of whicli 
I think there is appearance enough that there will be 
need here, and yet how great foever that need bee, it 
feems unreafonable to defire troops from you whilft 
your perfon is there. Your great councill do generally 
hope, that having lefiencd your enemies army, you 
will fend back fome troops, the fears here being very 
great, efpecially whilft the French fleet are about the 
Downs, where it is expe£ted they will anchor this 
night. I will prefume to trouble Your Majefty nd 
furthefj but to befeech you to confider the importance 

. of 


of your return, whilft it is in your power. I aiHj 
with all duty and efteem, 


Your Majefly's moft faithful 

and moft obedient fubjefl: and fervantj 


Since I had writt this letter, the cabinet council being 
met to confider about the fleet, and the debate giving 
occafion to fpeak of the general ftate of our affairs^ it 
was thought of abfolute neceffity by them, to defire 
that fome troops might be fent back out of Ireland 
immediately ; and, upon the whole, it was agreed 
unanimoufly, that as far as it could be done with good 
manners, Your Majefiy fhould be preflt to returne with. 
all imaginable fpeed ; all agreeing that it would other- 
wife be impracticable in a little time time longer, and 
very unfafe both to Your Majefty's perfon and the 
nation, if you did not comply with our defires. Your 
Majefty vv'ill accordingly receive our humble requefts 
by my lord Nottingham, with the ftate of our condi- 
tion and motives for our requefts, whch I hope will 
prevail with you. Your Majefty will alfo find, that 
in hopes of Your Majefty's being of our opinion in 
thi;3 matter, we have ordered the fquadron under Sho- 
vell to a ftation where he ftiould not bee, but that we 
take it to be of the firft importance to fecure Your 
Majefty's paftage to us. We have fworn one another 
to fecrecy in this matter, and the admiralty thinks we 
have ordered Shovell's fquadron only to prevent the de- 
sign of the 28 Breft fhips burning our tranfport veflels. 
Your Majefty will be plea'fed to fend us the moft fpeedy 
anfwer to this that is pofliblej and to keep it private as 
long as may be." 


2og APPEND! X. 

Marquis of Cdermarthen to King JVilliam^ on his re^ 

turning to the army in Ireland, Complaints of the 


SIR, London, 19th Aug. 1690. 

I THANK God, all things are fo quiet here, that 
I have nothing to trouble Your Majefty withal), 
but to congratulate your happy progrefs, which the let- 
ter bring us an account of this day. 

I am glad Your Majefty has been pleafed to delay 
your return to this time, of which I hope you will find 
the good efFe£ts here, as well as in Ireland, unlefs we 
can be brazen- faced in our ingratitude, which I hope 
the very Mobile will not fuffer us to be, what evert 
our natural inclinations might otherwife difpofe us to. 

We have ordered an additional provifion to be made, 
and fent both from Chefter and BriHoI a few days pro- 
vifions for the army, from each place, for fear of any 
want, which is the only thing I can now apprehend irt 
Ireland 5 for we dare not depend upon the Plymouth 
provifions coming in time, being liable to fo many ac- 
cidents to prevent it ; and amongfl the many other mif- 
tarriages of the board of admiralty, one hath been, 
the not fending thofe provifion fiiips from Plymouth 
to Ireland, with fir Cloudefly'Shovell, we having given 
them orders for it in due time, and was omitted thro' 
perfe£l neglecfl. 

It is pity to take up any of Your Majefty's time im- 
pertinently, and therefore, with my prayers for your 
profperity, I beg to be efteemedj as I moil truly am, 


Your Majefty's moft dutiful!, and 
entirely devoted fubjed and fervant^ 


APPENDIX. ^ ' 200 


Marquis of Caermarthen to King William. Sad Jiafein'K.\n%Vl]i\U 

of Ireland. Offers to go lord lieutenant -genera L——^'"^^^^'' 

Difcontents of people with government, 

SIR, London, Feb. 20th,, i^po-t* 

CAN fay nothing of matters here, but what Your 
Majefty is informed of at large, by my lord Sidney; 
but your affairs in Ireland feem to be in fo ill a pofture, 
and fo likely to be worfe rather than better (unlefs fome 
other courfe be taken than is now) and it is fo certain, 
that your bufinefs in the next parliament will go better 
or worfe, according to your fuccefs the next fummer 
there ; that I prefume to give Your Majefly my opini- 
on of the necefTity of your fending fomebody thither, as 
lord lieutenant, with the accuftomed powers of that 
place, whofe quality, as well as authority, may give a 
countenance to his aflings, and may make him be 
more willingly ©beyed than thefe lords juftices are or 
will be. 

I confefs the cure is difficult, becaufe Your Majefly 
has no Englifh fubje6t who is fitly qualified for the em- 
ployment, (and yet you can employ no other) but I do 
truly believe your affairs would do better in an indiffe- 
rent hand of fuch quality, affiffed with good councel- 
tors, and fome good military affiftants (although thofe 
were foreigners) than they can do by any commifllon of 
juftices, as the prefent ftate of things are in that king- 

Now as I am of this opinion, fo I think my lord 
Shrew{bury, my lord Chefterfield, my lord Pembroke, 
my lord Moulgrave, or my lord Godolphin, are capa- 
ble of doing Your Majefty this fervice, if Your Majefty 
fliould approve any of them, and that they would un- 
VoL. IIIo O dertake 


dertake it. Nay, fo abfolutely neceflary I think it t* 
that fomething of this kind fliould be done, that rather 
than it would not, I do offer myfelf to Your Majefty 
for that fervice, altho' I am lefs fit than any of thofe I 
have named. — Your Majefty will eafily believe that, my 
circumftances conddered, I fhould not have named my- 
felf, but that I would rather perifli in endeavouring to 
fave this government, than live to perifh with it, which 
(as infirm as I am) I may probably do, if Ireland fliould 
cofl: another year's war. Another reafon why I offer 
myfelf is, becaufe 1 think it yet to be prevenfed by arr 
"induftrious care, and fuch provifion made for it as is 
ivithin Your Majefty's power. — What would certainfy 
prevent this danger is Your Maje{ly*s going thither m 
perfon: but I fear your other affairs (being wanted 
every where) will not permit you to do it this year ; 
atid no more time muff be loft (the year being fo far 
advanced) in fixing your refolutions about this matter ; 
•but if Your Majefty fliould approve of this method, 
your orders muft be immediately fent to whoever yoii 
fliall employ in that fervice. 

I befeech Your Majefty to take this affair of Ireland 
thoroughly into your <:onrideration, being what the 
"whoje profperity of your government depends upon in 
thefe kingdoms ; and forgive me for telling Your Ma- 
jefty fo bold a truth as it is, that men's affeflions to the 
-government do apparently decreafe amongft all parties | 
and nothing but a morevigorous conduft of affairs can 
retrieve it, the effe6ts of which muft appear this next 
fummer, either at fea, or in Ireland, or both ; and a 
mifcarriage in either will be probably fatal to the chief 
commanders (how innocent foever they be) and deeply 
prejudicial to Your Majefty. 

Although I have writ all this to Your Majefty as my 
own opinion, I find it to be alfo the opinion of all thft 
thinking men that I converfe with, and it is fuch a daily 
<lifcourfe (even amongft us who are of the committee 
for Irifli affairs,) how impoffible it is for things to fuc- 
ceed in Ireland under the prefent conduct of them, thae 



t believe it to be the reafon why we can fo feldom get a 
number fufficient to make a committee, of which my 
lord Sydney and I are always two, and commonly fir 
Hen. Goodrick the third ; (but which is yet worfe) if 
any others do chance to come, they feem to a<9: like 
pyoneers, for pay, rather than by inclination. If Your 
Majefty fliall think all this impertinent, I hope you wilJ 
lake no notice it was ever writ^ but fotgive^ 

SI Ri 

Yours, &-C. , 


Lord Caermdrthen to King tf'^ilUam -—^ Complai?!^ £/"In^ingWilik 

71 /T rr i J aiti's box. 

Mri Ha?npden. 

SIR, i']ih. j'eb. 1690-1= 

AM glad I have but little io trouble Your Majefty 
withall from hence, all things going on very well a$ 
to the fleet, which is our principal concern. The city 
loane alfo, of 200,000 1, (which we were feht to bor- 
row) is in a good forwardnefs, notwithftanding the dif- 
coufagement given them by Mr. Hampden in parlia- 
ment, who there faid, that thofe had lent Your Majefty 
leaft who had lent you moft upon former loanes ; but 
the common council did only take notice of it, with a 
declaration that it fhould not hinder this loane^ and that 
they would not for the future be obliged to pay their 
rhoney to the chambeflaine of the city, but that every 
br\Q would lend in what manner they pleafed, and did 
deilreto have a lift out of the ehamberlaine's books,; 
ivho had been the former lenders upon each fund, and 
what fums every man had lent j to which my lord Maiof 
gave them no ahfwen 

As to the affairs of Ireland, Your Majefty, will have 
received a large paicquett by the laft poft, from the lords 
jufiices and lieutenant generals. Ginkleand we are do- 
ing all we can to fend over oats and other provifions 5 
O 5s lyjt' 

412 A P p. E N D I X. 

but all credit being loft, and nothing to be bought hdt 
with ready money, the want of that delays things very 
much ; and I find that Your Majefty's clothing of the 
army yourfelf will turn but to an ill account to Your 
Majefty, as well as to the foldiers, both being much 
abufed as it is now done. 

In Kin? Wil- Part of lord Sydney's letter to King William.— Account 

fom's Box. gj council. 

Feb. 27, 1690-1- 

TH E difplacing major Wildman is all the difcourfe 
of the town, and generally people are very well 
fatisfied with it, and fo they are with the choice the 
Queen hath made to fucceed him. It would have been 
for your fervice if it had been kept fecret till thefe gen- 
tlemen were ready to take poffelTion of the office, but 
fomebody among us- could not keep counfell, and fo it 
was ill over the town befare fir Rob. Cotton came fro 
it. Mr. Frankland is a great way off, and cannot be 
expected in feveral days : I do not much know him, but 
he hath fo good a chara£ter, that I do not doubt his 
deferving the favour that is fliow'd him. I find my lord 
Prefident does not approve of the choice, and his 
chief objeflion is, becaufe one is a Whig and the 
other a Tory, which he faith is the moft deftruc- 
tive method Your Majefly can take. I confefle I 
cannot agree with him in this opinion ; but befides, 
this is not the cafe, for they are bo h very moderate 
men. He hath been of late very peevifh, and continu- 
ally complaining ; I am not his confident, and he hath 
almoft told me that he would retire in a very little time. 
My lord Marlborough behaves himfelf much better 
than he did at firll after Your Majefty's going away ; he 
is now pretty diligent, and feldom fails the committees. 
My lord Godolphin comes not often, but he hath a 
good excufe for it, which is the treafury. 




Lord Godolphin to King JVilliam. '■Lord Goi^/- ^" ^'"K WilU- 

phins bad opinion of the ?narquis of Caermartben. 

March 20, 1690-1. 
I R Rob. Howard was lail: week very like to die of 
the gout in his florpach ; the reverfion of his place 
is granted by patent to the prefent earl of Danby. This 
patent I have often been told is not good in law, and I 
believe it; befides, fir Rob. Howard has two offices in 
the exchequer, whereof one only is grantable by the 
King, and the ©ther is in the gift of the treafury. I 
take it for granted that Your Majefty, unlefs you were 
obliged to do it by law, would never chufe out the earl -^ 
of Danby, of all England, to fill that officer's place, ' 
thro' whofe hands all your own revenue, all the public 
money of the kingdom, and all the accompts of both 
the one and the other are to pafs ; and for thefe rea^ 
fons, if the cafe does happen, I fhall think it my duty 
to refufe to admit him (as far as, it depends of me) till 
the right of the patent be determined, unlefs Your Ma- 
jefty fhould be pleafed to fignify your pleafure, that you 
•would give the place to him, tho' there were no patent; 
in the cafe, which, I confefs, I think you vi^ouid no 
more do than you would make him a bifhop. 

Fart of a letter from the marquis of Caermartben to King, in KIngWi|^ 
William. Complains of the oppofmg party, *""'* ^^^ 

aad May, 1691. 
WHILST Your Majefty is contriving fchemes how 
to fave us, and expofing your perfon for us,^ 
fome are no lefs bufy here in drawing their fchemes to 
put all things in diforder when a parliament ftiall meet, 
and their principal defigns are to lelTen your power and 
increafe their own ; infomuch that without fuch a fuc- 
cefs as will be valued here, it is already apparent that 
our condition will be very deplorable : but I hope the 
lame providence which hath condu<^ed Your Majefty^ 
O 3 throughi 


through fo many great actions, will help you to fur- 
mount all difficulties, and make you as happy and great 
^s is mod truly wilht by, Sir, &c. 

Lord Brandon to King WtHiam. — -^Complains of k'^aiug 
been negh£led, 

'HEN I confider how true an affe£lion I have ever 
had for Your Majelly's perfon, and how early 
piy zeal was fhown to fettle and fupport your govern- 
ment, I cannot but think myfelf very unhappy nev^r to 
have received the leafi: mark of Your Majefty's favour- 
I am the more uneafy under this neglefi and difcounte- 
jiance of Your Majef^y, fince it has been the occafion 
of my lofing my rank in the army, where I think I 
Should be moft capable to ferve you. I know npt hov/ 
I was mifreprefented to Your Majefty at your firft com- 
ing into England, but fure Your Majefly could not 
think the worfe of me for being faithful! to a king tc 
whom I owed my life, and whofe comrniilion i there- 
fore believed I ought not to refufe when 'twas ofFeretl 
me ; but this I thought myfelf obliged in honour to be 
true to my truft : both my principles and my inclinati- 
ons were always on Your Majefty's fide ; and when 
King James was gone away, I am fure no man came 
to you with a more fincere intention to ferve you than 
myfelf; what difcouragemeuts I have met with fince, J 
flefire not to remember, as I hope Your Majefty will 
pleafe to forget any miflake I may have made in the 
way I have taken to carry on your fervice and promote 
your intereH, which has been at ail times my defigtis 
how much foever I may have mifapprehended the man- 
ner of doing it. Not to troubleyou, fir, too long, my great 
ambition is to ferve Your Majefty in the arniy, becaufe 
I think I can there do you moft fervice ; and if Your 
Majefty would not have me believe I am quite loll: in 
your thoughts, I humbly defire Your Majefty will pleafe 
to plac? me there in fuch a poft as is fuitabie to what I 



may juflly pretend, of which I fliall defire to make 
Your Majtdy, who is the bed able to be fo^ the fole 
judge. I fuppofe, fir. Your Majefty knows I have 
lerved abroad under the prince of Conde; that after 
that I was firft a lieutenant-polonel, then a colonel 13 
years ago ; that no man except my lord of Oxford, 
and fsr John Laniere was colonels before me. I do but 
juft mention my pretenfions to lay them at your feet, 
and to fubmit them wholly to you ; and as I cannot but 
expe<El all kind of right from Your Majcfty's juftice, fo 
I do affiire Your Majefty, when I am once by Your 
Majefty's favour placed in the army in fuch a rank as is 
proper for me, I will never afk Your Majefty to raife 
me higher till Your Majefty fhall yourfelf judge it for 
your fervice to do fo. I am with the utmoft refpefi 
jjnd duty. 

Your Majefty's moft faithful!, and 

mofl obedient humble fubjeO: 

and fervant, to command, 

B R A N D Q N„ 

l,ord Sidney to King William^ about the fecond confpi- in King WUIiU 
racy, — -Pens confejfton, ^""'^ ''®*' 

SIR, Feb. the 27 th, igpo-i. 

ABOUT ten days ago, Mr. Pen fent his brother- 
in-law, Mr. Lowther, to me, to let me know- 
that he would be very glad to fee me, if I would give 
him leave, and promife him to let him return without 
being molefted ; I fent him word I would, if the queeu 
would permitt it : he then defired me not to mention, 
it to any body but the queen ; I faid I would not : a 
Monday he fent to me to know what time I would ap- 
point ; I named Wednefday in the evening, and ac- 
cordingly I went to the place at the time, where \ 
found him juft as he ufed to be, not at all difguifed, but 

O 4 in: . 


in the fame cloaths, and the fame humour I formerly 
have feen him in : it would be too long for Your Ma- 
jefty to read a full account of all our difcoiirfe, but in 
ihort it was this, that he was a true and a faithfull fer- 
Vant to King William and Queen Mary, and if he 
knew any thing that was prejudicial! to ihem or their 
government, he would readily difcover it ; he protefted 
in the prefence of God that he knew of no plot, nor 
did he believe there was any one in Europe, but what 
King Lewis hath laid, and he w'.is of opinion that King 
James knew the bottom of this plot as little as other 
people : he faith, he knows Your Majefty hath a great 
many enemies, and fome that came over with you, and 
fome that joyned you foon after your arrival, he was 
fure, were more inveterate againft you, and more dan- 
gerous than the Jacobites, for he faith there is not one 
man amongft them that hath common underftanding. 
To the letters that were found with my lord Prefton, 
and the paper of the conference, he would not give any 
pofitive anfvver, but faid if he could have the honour to 
fee the king, and that he would be pleafed to believe 
the fincerity of what he faith, and pardon the ingenuity 
of what he confefTed, he would freely tell every thing 
he krfew of himfelf, and other things that would be 
much for his Majefty's fervice and interefl: to know, but 
if he cannot obtain this favour he mufl be obliged to 
quit the kingdom ; which he is very unwilling to do. 
He faith he might have gone away twenty times if he 
had pleafed, but he is fo confident of giving Your Ma- 
"^efty fatisfa6tion if you would hear him, that he was 
refolved to expe6t your return before he took any fort 
of meafures. What he intends to do, is all he can do 
for your fervice, for he can't be a witnefs if he would, 
it being, as he faith, againft his confcience and his 
principles to take an oath. This is the fum of our con- 
ference, and I am fure Your Majefty will judge as you 
cught to do of it, without any of my refleflions. 

The difpiacing major Wildman is all the difcourfe of 
^hc tpwn, and generally people are very well fatisfied 




with it, and fo they are with the choice the queen hath 
made to Tucceed him. 

Part of the marquis of Caermartheti s letter to King JVil- In King Willi- 
liam, on the fame fubjeSi. — Lord Prejion's confejfion.'-^^'^^^ ^°^ 
Political life to be made of it, 

3 Feb. 1690-I. 
Y lord Prefton hath, fince his laft paper, made 
feme addition to his confeffion, though not very 
confiderable ; viz. that fir Edward Seymour told him 
that king James was betrayed by James Porter, and that 
lord Nottingham had faid a peace would be made with 
France exclufive of king James. That lord Weymouth 
was with him, together with fir Edward Seymour, and 
that both of them knew of his going into France. That 
lord /^nnandale and fir James Montgomery had been at 
his houfe in their way to Scotland, where they fpoke 
very difcontentedly againfl: your government. That 
he met Neale Paine in his way to Scotland, who told 
him he had commiffions for divers perfons in that king- 
dom from king James. The faid Paine told him that 
Fergufon had his pardon, and managed things for them 
at London ; and that Wildman was a well-wifher to 
their caufe. That duke Hamilton had his pardon, and 
Jord Argyle was their friend ; and I think faid he had 
his pardon, but I am not certain, having not yet {^e^n 
his laft confeffion in writing. This being what my lord 
has faid already, and that perhaps he may yet recoUefl: 
more, I fubmit to Your Majefty whether it may not be 
more for the fervice to continue him (as he now is) till 
further order, without any reprieve, till the meeting of 
parliament ; where his declaration of thefe matters will 
break the teeth of fir Edward Seymour, but of that 
whole party, from doing your bufinefs any harm in 
parliament. It will alfo be an ingredient to put a par- 
liament into an humour for your fervice. It will alfo 
fliew the defigns intended in Scotland, and Paine's ne* 


-^5x8 APPENDIX. 

gociations there ; and you may referve what part of 
ehat matter you fball think fit. 

He is alfo the only witnefs both againft my lord Cla- 
rendon, the bifhop of Ely, and Pen, whereas by his 
execution you difappoint all thefe ends ; and in my 
opinion it will not be to Your Majefty's difadvantage, 
if you (hould think fit to fhew your clemency, rather 
than draw any more blood on this occafion. 

iJaKing Willi- Lord Nottingham to king William.' '^ Crone and lord 

^ s box. Prejlon^s confejjion. -Opinion of judges taken. " «» 

Political ufe to be made of the confejjions, 


MR. Crone has njade oath of the truth of all that is 
contained in the papers of which I lately fent 
copies to my lord Sydney : and Mr. Attorney has made 
his report of what perfons are accufed by my lord 
Prefton or Crone, and of the nature of their feveral 
crimes, which is high treafon in all, except my lord 
Halifax, whofe offence is only mifprifion. 

Againft the earl of Clarendon, Mr. Grahme, and 
Mr. Pen, there are two witneffes which are fufficientin 
law to conviSfc then:> ; but againft the lady Dorchefter, 
the lord Dartmouth, Layton, Lawton, and the bilhop 
of Ely, there is but one witnefs, which is not fufficient 
to conviQ; them of treafon, no more than my lord Ha- 
lifax of mifprifion ; but Mr. Attorney added, that they 
might neverthelefs be profecuted for mifdemeanor, 
which laft is a point of fo great importance, being never 
known before the cafe of Mr. Hampden, in the late 
reign, that the queen thought fit, by the advice of the 
committee, to require the opinion of all the judges 
•upon it ; and this morning my lord chief juftice ac- 
quainted her majefty, that four judges (of which hini- 
klf was one) were pofitive in their opinion, that 4 
perfon accufed by one witnefs only of high treafon^ 
eould not be indited for it as a mifdemeanor ; two judges 
Elmore, though doubtful, inclined to the fame opinion ; 



one was altogether doubtful ; and the other three de- 
clared themielves in the affirmative: hereupon her ma- 
jeily does not think it advifeable to revive a method of 
profecution which in the late reign was look'd upon as 
odious, though the then judges called it legal- Since 
therefore they cannot be proceeded againft for treafon 
for want of another witnefs, nor for mifdemeanor be- 
caufe their crime is treafon or mifprifion : the next 
confideration was whether they fhould be feized and 
committed : this is not a queflion of law, for 'tis clear 
they may, but of prudence: and the committee inclines 
for the prefent at lead, 'tis better not to do it ; becaufe 
'tis certain they cannot be brought to a trial ; and after 
fome time, and an inefFe8:ual attempt to bring them to 
it, they will be difcharged ; and none of the confiderable 
perfons, except the bifliop of Ely, are running away, or 
]ik.e to do fo, and therefore may at any time be arrefted, 
and fo will be, if any fuch misfortune fhould happen to 
Your Majefly's armies or fleet as might encourage an 
infurre6:ion : but if Your Majefty thinks it more ufeful 
to the fervice to have all or any of them feized, your 
orders (hall be immediately obeyed: but I beg leave to 
offer one thing to Your Majefty's confideration, which 
I have mentioned to the queen only, and it is> that pro- 
bably fome of thefe may defign to obflruCt and difturb 
your affairs in parliament ; but this they will not dare 
to do while they are under apprehenfions of being profe- 
cuted themfelves, which they will no longer be after 
they have been confined, and find there is no matter or 
no proof againfl them ; and fince people do expert to 
fee great fruits of my lord Preflon's difcovery, they will 
be very much difappointed to fee it reduced to fo narrow 
a compafs, and that fo little can be done upon it ; and 
for this reafon it may perhaps be better to keep it fecret 
a little longer, and this may alfo keep others in awe 
who know themfelves, though we do not know them, 
40 be guilty. 

As for Grahme and Pen, againfl: whom there are two 
•^itnefles, Mr. Attorney has orders to profecute them to 


an outlawry, by which they will be attainted, and 
though the late bifhop of Ely be accufed by one only, 
yet there being fome material circumftances againft him, 
and it being likely that he will not dare to appear, he 
will undergo the like procefs too. 

But the committee thinks it will be beft to delay the 
trial of my lord Clarendon, not only for what I humbly 
offered to Your Majefty in my laft, but becaufe there 
paft a vote in the Houfe of Lords, that a peer cannot be 
tried out of parliament, which though it be illegal, and 
can never be fupported in the matter or form of making 
it, yet may probably influence many lords, who were 
zealous for this vote, to decline attendance at his trial, 
which would be very prejudicial to your fervice : and 
this may prove an occafion of reverfing this vote, which 
will be more ufeful than the prefent profecution of th^ 
igarl of Clarendon. . 

I humbly wait Your Majefty's commands in thef§ 
inatters, and am, with great duty and fubmifiion. 

Your Majefly's mod obedient, and 

moft faithful fubjed, and fervant, 

Whitehall, NOTTINGHAM, 

June 26, gi' 

In King Willi- P^^^ °f ^ l^t^^^ /row the marquis of Caermarthen to kin^ 
am's box. JVtlliam, — More, of the confpiracy. 

iith Sept. 1691. 

I SUPPOSE my lord Nottingham gives Your Ma- 
jefty an account of fome intercepted letters, which 
fhew what tampering there is betwixt fome Scotchmen 
and fome Englifti for promoting the late King's intereftj 
by which it is to be feen that fome men ar? not to be 
made honeft by obligations. 



^/> Prober t Howard to Kin^ William. Afudden attack In King Willi- 

•^ -^ . am s box. 

to be tnade in parliament upon bis prerogative. 

May it pleafe Your Majefty, 

IT has been a great afflifition to mee, that by foe 
long a fitt cf the gout I have been hinder'd from 
waitinge on Your Majefly ; but while I live, the affec- 
tion and duty I have to your perfon and government, 
fhail never faill of their attendance, whenevef any occa* 
fion requires it. 

That which now happens to be the caufe of givinge 
Your Majefty this trouble I have communicated to my 
lord Godolphin, with whofe approbation and opinion I 
humbly prefentit, and to whom I have committed this, 
to be fafely convey'd to Your Majefly. 

The bufineffe (which I have feceived from very good 
intelligence by particular friends of mine) is a defigrl 
carry'd on by a very great party, that the war both by 
fea and land fhould be managed by a comrhittee of par- 
liament, and this intelligence feems to be made good by 
the manner of the proceedings of the commilTioners for 
accounts, who aO: foe unlimited, and in many things 
exceedinge there povv'r, that it feems plainly to be a 
method in order to fuch a defigne; and as formerly arl 
abjuration of any other pow'r has been refufed, this 
feems an abjuration of Your Majeftys. 

I am likewife informed, that the fame partys will 
make all the ftrength they can to oppbfe the givinge of 
excifes, and this prefent parliament has. appeared very 
refractory in that matter, without which 'twill be v&rf 
difficult to carry on the war, or to difcharge the debts 
in peace. 

I humbly fubmit it to Your Majefty's confideration, 
whether a new parliament may not be a prevention of 
fuch defigns, and probably proceed fooner to the bufi- 
neffe of mony than this, where the contrivance is al- 
jjready lay'd for many things to preceed the giving of it. 

I hope 


t hope I need not beg Your Majefty's pardon for thiif 
prefumption, flnee you have been ever pleas'd foe gra- 
cioufly to receive the teftimonys of the fincere duty and 
fervife of 

^ Your Majefty's mcfl dutiful!, and 

mod obedient fubjeft^ 

' . July the lafl, 1691. RO. HOWARD. 

Among lord Nottingham's memorandums, in DoSof 
Percy's hands, there is the following : 

FROM Paris 'tis faid there is an account that the 
king of Fr. told the late queen, i'no. mufl excuf<e^ 
him if he no longer gave any account of King James his 
affairs, only of his health fhe fhould be informed; but 
that advice was fent to England, and that he could lay 
his finger oil fome had done it, tho' he would not name 
them ; however, 'tis faid fuch hints were given that 
my lady Sophia Buckley is under an arreft, and fome 
fay put in the Baftile, for holding correfpondence with' 
my lord Godolphin. There are others who give other 
leafons, and fay, la. Sophia was very curious in prying 
into all that part at St. Germain's, and fending accounts 
of all to Ireland. 

In the duke of Sir John i>atry?nple^ afterwards fecretary Stair, ta tht 

Hamilton's pof- ^^^^ of Hamilton.'-^ Beginning of differences beiweeji 

the duke of Hamilton and lord Stair. 

May it pleafe your Grace, London, May 18, 1689. 

I HAD the honour to receive your grace's, though I 
came here on the Wednefday, yet my brethren went 
without me to Hampton-court, where they delivered 
the letter and what elfe was committed to us ; and now 
I underftand, by what was moved in the convention^ 
that this was premeditated, though not approven in the 



Secretary Stair to the duke of Hamilton, RefpeSlfulto In the <j«ke of 

the duke ; yet infmuating the fufpicions entertained ^/"pofleriion, 

May it pleafe your Grace, London, May, 30, 1689. 

I HUMBLY acknowledge the honour of your fe- 
cond ; the letter fronm the committee gives no fatis- 
fadion here. It is underftood that your grace did mo* 
derate the forwardnefs of fome in the convention ; but 
the very propofals infinuate diffidence in the king's ma- 
fiagement. The confequences of miftakes at this time, 
when our deliverance is not perfefted, may be fatal, 
Thefe fent here, feeing the king is determined, have 
looked about for a balance in our government, and to 
take their own fhares. I do not beheve it in the power 
of your grace's enemies, or malice itfetf, to prevail 
with the king to negleQ: the fervices you have done, 
and are capable to render him. I confefs it's hard to 
receive inftruftions at fecond hand, but I fhould be 
heartily forry, both upon the account of the publick, 
and your grace's intereft, if any thing fhould induce you 
to mar fo fair a work ; it might juftify the furmifes 
your grace points at, and gratify thofe who infinuate, 
your grace had more regard to yourfelf than the pub- 
lick, fhould you ftop upon the refentment that you have 
Jiot been advifed in the difpofal cf the publick offices or 
trufts. This feflion cannot be long ; the king and the 
world muft be fenfible, that none befides your grace, 
can bring this feffion to a happy and peaceable conclu- 
fion, upon which very much depends : for my father he 
lives in thecoCrntry very abftra^, and yet I fee fom« 
flill retain their humour againft him. For myfelf I have 
taken occafion to fignify very little. But I am fure, t 
did not fail to avouch the fenfe I had of the great fervice 
your grace hath done to the crown, and your country, 
in the convention, and how well you did acquit yourfelf 
there. I cannot doubt when your grace attends the 




king, all your concerns will be adjufled to your fatis- 
faftion, which fhall be welcome to none mere, than tOj 

May it pleafe your grace, &c. 

Hamiico?s°°^ Secretary Stair to the duke of Hamilton. The kings 

pofleffion. fentiments of toleration in Scotland. 

Hague, Feb. 13, O. S. 1690-T. 

May it pleafe your grace, 

HAVE fent the doubles of two letters from his Ma- 
jefty for your grace's ufe. We were at firft fur- 
. prifed here, when the notice came, that the coqimifTion 

of the general aflembly did fit during his Majeity's ab- 
- fence, and that they had depofed five minirters at the 
firft down-fitting. Now we do underftand that the 
king's pleafure anent their adjournment, was not inti- 
mated to them, fo they cannot be blamed for their dif- 
obedience ; but I wifh they may confider for the future, 
what they mufl: fee to be the king's fentiments, that 
they do unite with fuch of thofe who formerly ferved 
under epifcopacy, and are worthy to be retained in the 

In King Wil- Part of the marquis of Cacrmarthen^ s letter to Kin7 WiU 
hams box. J •' .,.. ./- 

ham. Lord Caermarthen s fentiments on the fame 


27 Feb. 1690-1. 
HOPE Your Majefty has true informations of things 
from Scotland, and if you have, I doubt not but you 
will give fpeedy dire<^ions to put a ftop to the giddy 
proceedings of the commiilioners of the slTemhly againll: 
all the epifcopal clergy of Scotland at one blow ; who 
are to be turned out of doors with their families, unlefs 
they will renounce prelacy, to which they are fworn, 
fo that they are not to keep their livings unlefs they will 
preferve them by perjury. 

"I have given my lord Sidney a memorial, which . I 
have received fronts two Scots minifters who were fent to 



A P P E N D 1 X. 'a.2S 

Your Majefty by a great number of the cplfcopal 
clergy, but they came here after your departure, by 
which Your Majefty will fee, that the commiflioners 
were to begin their progrefs the firft of March, guarded 
with two troops of horfe ; but they cannot be gone fo 
tar in their work, before Your Majeily's orders may 
reach them, but if youplcafe they may be ordered not 
to proceed further in that matter till Your Majefty's 
pleafure be knownj and truly I believe that the fpeedy 
doing of this may be of no lefs confequence than the 
preventing a rebellion, and at a time when nothing but 
the folly of clergymen would have put it to a venture. 

Secretary Stair to the duke of Hamilton,— -^-—Jpoloiry for ^" ^^^ ^"^e of 

,. , ; . 7 , , . , • f. ^-^ ■' Hamilton's 

tju bebaviaur to the duke in the convention parliament. poffeffion. 

May it pleafe your graccj LondoOj Jan. 13, 1691; 
EN are ofttimes carried by their circumftances 
beyond their intentions or intercft. It's undenia- 
ble I have hoih received and given your grace caufe of 
refentment and complaint. As I frankly forgive what- 
ever I got of that nature, fo I humbly afk your grace's 
pardon for what injurys I have offered you, which never 
went beyond words. I do believe it on your grace's 
part, and I dare fay for myfelf, thefe were not the effect 
of malice or defign, but fudden emotions arifing from 
the different apprehenfions of the ends or methods we 
did then purfue ; and the office of king's advocate did 
oblige me to challenge every body without diftindion, 
that had not our word-. 

Lord Drumlanrig to King tVilUam.^ — -The State <j/'in King WiHi- 

Scotland.-^ — Great heats, Complains of the King's ^'"'^ ^'^' 



O have written fooner to Your Majefty, had 

been with lefs certainty, and theftfore I delayed 

FoL.IIL P ■ i£ 


it till now. I have taken pains to dffcover the conditiorf 
6f Your Majefty's affairs here, whereof in fo far as P 
• can learn I fhali now give a juft account. I find this 
country mightily divided, not fo much for or againft 
Your Majerty's intereft and government, as about the 
methods of ferving you, and the perfons employed' 
therein: for the firll, the too precipitant and hard pro- 
cedure againft the clergy has difobliged very many, and 
the mifery thofe men fo turned out are under, rncreafes 
their compaflion for them, and thereby their diflike at 
thofe who they look upon as the authors of it : befides 
this, the governrnent is not iri vety good hands, they 
being generally men who never before were in bufinefsj 
and the weaknefs both for interefl and parts of mofl of 
them, ieflens their authority, fo that, ii''s thought, what 
trouble Your Majelly meets with from this kingdom^ 
IS in a great roeafure to be afcribed to their mifmanage- 
ment ; when I have the honour to tvait upon Your 
Majefty, I fhall be more particular ahoUt this and other 
things, if you think fit to command me. The club, as 
it's called here, are extreamly diligent, and feem very 
confident to carry the plurality in this parliament ^ Your 
Majefty's commiflioner and thofe with him, feem not to 
l>e out of hopes to carry what their inftru6tions bear, 
only I can affure Your Majefty if they do, it will be 
with ftruggling. I have fpoke fully to my father irt 
Your Majefty's concerns, and to be impartial and free 
with Ycur Majefty, whofe intereft t prefer to all things 
in the world,! muft tell you, that I find him much dif- 
obliged, thinking himfelf under the feet of thofe in the 
government ; he ufcs greater referve , with me now than 
formerly, the reafon of which I will make bold to ac- 
quaint YourMfijefty with, when I have the honour to 
kifs your hand : by what i can underftand, he is not yet 
determined whether to go to the parliament or not ; but 
if he goes, I am afraid he will differ with your commif- 
fioner and his party, about the model they have put your 
affairs in here; he protefts to me that it's out of refpeft 
to Your Majefty, and concern for your fervice, makes 



him do fo j however I will appeal to Your Majefty*3 
commilTioner to bear witnefs for me how much I have 
laboured to beget a good underftanding between himi 
and thofe you are pleaftd to entruft at this time, that 
your affairs at prefent fuffer not by their differences, but 
all is like to prove ineffectual, which makes me wlfh to 
be gone from this place. I have not feen any of Your 
Majefty's forces here, except thofe in this town j they 
are not well cloathed, and do promife very little j I am 
told they are all of a piece. The Danifli troops which 
I faw in their way to Ireland, are v.'ell mounted and ia 
good order. Forgive, fir, this trouble 5 I prefume ra- 
ther upon your pardon for it, than be wanting in my 
duty to contribute all in my power for your informa- 
tion at this di(l::iace. I am, with all duty and refpecl, y, 


Your Majefly's 
Ed''. March moft faithfull, mofl humble, and 

29, 1690. moft obedient fubjeCt, and fervanf, 


Lord Melmlle to King William. — On the fame fubje£f,-^lnK.{nzWim^ 

Great heats, ^Complains of the oppofers of the mi- 


May it pleafe Your Majeftie, 20 March, 1690, 

N obedieace to Your Majefty's commands in your 
letters wherewiih you honoured me, I called a coun- 
cil yefterday, where Your Majefty's letter for adjourn- 
ment of the pari, was read, and a proclamation ordered 
for adjournment until the 15th of April, thefJ-e were but 
few contrary votes, Yefter was not in council, nor the 
^arls of Annandale, Dundonald, lord Rofs, fir James 
Montgomery and one or two more, the council was 
very full : this adjournment hath occafioned a greac- 
confternation, and fuch who are not defirous of a fet- 
-tlement, endeavour to make a very bad improvement of it, 

P 2 8"^ 

A P ^ £ N b I x, 

ind to abufe the people ; at firft they reprefented liie 
as the author of the adjournment, and that it was con- 
certed before I came from London. When they fee 
that would not take with rational menj they now woiild 
lay it at my lord Stair's door, at whorii the great fpeat 
runs, not fo much from reafon, as out of pike arid 
humour ; bdt I wifli he were fo wife, as willingly to 
lay himfelf afide, though this would not fatisfy fome j 
feut there feems an infatuation upon people, for we are 
neither thankfuU for mbrciesj nor fenfible of our dan- 
ger as wc ought. 

I queftion not but Ydur Majefty has had very weighty 
and good reafons that moved you to this adjournment, 
■knd I partly fee them. But I was very hopeful, arid oh 
very probable grounds, I had carried your affairs m 
parliament if it had fit, to Your Majefty's fatisfaftionj 
notwithftanding all the endeavours arid big talk to the 
contrary : what effects this prorogation may have, I 
cannot yet give Your Majefty any account j but ihill 
be laying myfelf out to the iittermoft, to prevent the 
inconveniencies like to follow upon this emergent, for 
fome ill-minded men have been at great pains to inflame 
"the country, and thofe nioft affedioriate to your fer- 
vice, and to mifreprefent Your Majefty to them, under 
the worft charafters, and to perfuade them that all the 
favours pretended and offered to them was but a fham j 
'tbat there was never a dsfign the pari, fliould fit, &c- 
and now they make ufe of this adjournment as a con- 
firmation of what they formerly afterted and fuggefted ; 
this poor country is at prefent in the moft confufed and 
diftrafted condition that a nation can be in, not adlually 
to be all in war. The Jacobites, as ihey call them, are 
very numerous and barefaced ; the prefbyterians, as 
they are termed, (at leaft the common people of that 
ibrt, who are riot fit judges to diftinguifh betwixt rea- 
lities and fair fpecious pretences) are alarmed, and abufed 
by falfe reports and running infinuationsi by men who 
Jove to iifli in troubled waters, and are but making 


tools of them to ferve their own defigns : thpfe is an 
army without pay, the country poor, and grumbling, 
and yet in the opinion of all who wifh well to Your 
Af ajefty's fervice, there is an inevitable danger of dif~ 
banding it at this time and without pay, even though 
they be not fo well appointed as were to be wifhed : 
Yieu'f. gen. Douglafs profefles to be fully of this opinion, 
and not to be fatisfied with his brother the duke Q^ fo 
docs his fon, and often faid they can fay nothing for 
him, fo I fiiail fay nothing concerning him. He is de- 
firpus now to confer with my eldeft fon. What pafTes, 
or fhall be the refult, I fhall acquaint Your Majefty 
with. I fee well enough the defigns of both the dukes 
and of fome of the ring-leaders of the club, whq are 
in ibme concert, as alfo of their being fo likewife 
v^ith fome of the Jacobites, who have heretofore fhowri 
themfelves diffatisfied to Your Majelly's government j 
apd feverals of them who ftpcd out formerly, were 
come to attend the par!, and refolved to fwallow the 
paths, as I am informed, put of np good defign. It's 
in Your Majefty's power, not fo much in mine, to 
fruftrate their defigns, but in my humble opinion, it 
were fit you fhould make both the dukes know you are 
not fatisfied with their carriage as to your fervice, nor , 
that you will not be forced to make ufe of men againft 
ypur will. I ftiall forbear to infift on this head, leafl 
I fhould be thought partial. I have fent fon^e additi-- 
onal ii|ftruSions to be fuperfcribed and fubfigned by 
Your Majefty, as alfo a letter for the parliament at it's 
opening ; and if you think fit, two letters to the two 
dukes : but this I leave altogether to yourfelf. If Your 
Majefty thinks it any ways convenient, you may caufe 
my fon tranfcribe them 3 the others woul4 be haftene4 
againft the down-fitting of the parliament. Though I 
dare not propofe it, yet I think it were very ufeful to 
Your Majefty's fervice to let this regiment of Danes 
hprfe llay in this country, and take more of ours in 
Eeu of them ;o Ireland, for it's fcarce to be imaginecj 

P 3 thi 



the bad condition this poor kingdom is in at prefenr," 
for many feems to be infatuate. I humbly beg Your 
Majefty's excufe for this confufed and bad writing, 
having but little time j and wilTi you all health and 
pr&rperity. I am, 

Msy it pleafe Your M?.jefty, 
Your Majefiy's mod humble, faithful!, and 
Edinb. 20 March obedient fubje^, and fervant, 
at 3 in the morning. MEL V ILL, 

Is^KingWilii- Jjord Melville to King William. — Great heats — PreU'es 

the King for prejhytery. 

May it pleafe Your Majefty, 

27 April, 1691. 

I HAVE received yours, wherewith Y'our Majefty 
hath honoured me with additional inftruQions, 
which be carefully and faithfully obferved, in as far as 
in my power, and confident with Your Majefty's fer- 
vice. Affairs here have altered much of late, but it's 
only what was covered over before, nov>' more openly 
appears j there is nothing of it nev/ to me, though it 
be 'to others : fir William Lockhart, or my fon, will 
give Your Majefty an account of the proceedings in 
parliament yefterday, and how affairs ftand here. There 
was never a nation, or people I believe, more infatuate 
than we feem to be at prefent ; the Jacobites being 
joined with the club, have brought in all their ftrength 
to the pari, except a very few 5 fome three or four no- 
blemen yet fcruple the oaths. \i they had done this 
laft year in the convention, the throne might have been 
yet to declare vacant, as to K. Ja. Whether they will 
be able to out vote us or not, I' know not, but hopes 
not ; but they gained ground by the adjournments, 
which I know Your Majefly did on weighty confidera- 
tions, though it had bad cffe£ls here. There was but 
one vote paft in the houfe yefterday, and your friends 
carried by a great many y it's true three or four of the 



dub went along when they fee it going. I touch't the 
a6l: 1689, refcinding the adl 1669, concerning the fu- 
premacy j by this time, however it may be mifrepre- 
fented, (which I lay my account with) Your Majefty 
loofes nothing which I am confident you would defire : 
the reafons which forced me to give the royal aflent to 
!hofe two votes paft a day or two fooner than Your 
Mdjefty mentiojied was, becaufe, if it had been de- 
layed, it had given the oppofite party great advantage, 
and we had loofed many of our own, and would have 
encreafed the jealoufies of the people to that height, 
£hat it might have been difficult, if not impoffible, to 
retrieve ; Ail the wit and malice of men, I may fay of- 
hell, feems to be fet at work to do mifchief, and with 
letting things go on too long, by reafon of Your Ma- 
jefty's affairs in England, and my being reftrained for 
a time, the combination is become ftrong, that I do not 
think it fafe at prefent to follow thefe methods which 
otherwife micrht have been fit and convenient : not fo 
much that I fear their firength in itfelf, though the 
party be numerous, but becaufe, by lies and forgeries, 
they had much abufed the people. Duke Hamilton was 
the firft propofer and prefler, that this adl concerning 
the fupremacy, fhould be touched ; he alfo was the firft 
propofer, that an afl might be brought in for liberty of 
jfpeech. I fhall make no inferences on this, but I like 
not the fmell of it i and yet to flop it, will make a 
gfeat nqife in England. 

I am perfuadedofa cgrrefpohdence betwixt fome here 
of different parties, and fome in England j and it's not 
only expe<Sation from Iceland and France^but that in- 
telligence which helps to keep up people in oppofition 
to Your Majefty's intereft, and fettling of the, 

I am forry for the limitation Your Majefty gives, on 
your own account, and not out of bigotry ; but I (hall 
endeavour to obferve what Your Majefty commands. I 
3m ftr?iitened how to find a way to make a breach upon 

P 4, another 



another bead rather than this, for this would do Your 
Majefty an irreparable prejudice, and give your ene- 
mies an extraordinary advantage ; fo I leave it to Your 
Vlajefty's ferious confideration what to do in it : for 
jny part, I fee no remedy, if Your Majefty do not 
fpeedily fatisfy your people, but all muft go in confu- 
lion. Sir, I know I am in hazard to be extremely mif- 
reprefented in giving this advice, and that if I did not 
ferve the beft mafter in the world, I might ruin myfeif 
by doing it, efpeciaUy if any thing difpleafing fhould 
follow it ; but I fpeak my true fentiments as to what 
I think YourMajefty's intereft, abrtraded from all par- 
ties and perfuafions as in the fight of God Almighty. 
You know I ufe not to be fo ; but I am very pofitive 
in this, if all the ftatefinen in Britain fhould be of an- 
other fentiment, that it is truly Your Majefty's intereft 
at this time not to difpleafe the people on this head as 
to their church government ; for nothing elfe can fa- 
tisfy. I am difpleafcd enough with many of that pro- 
fefllon, and they are prejudging themfelves ; but Your 
Majefty need not apprehend, what I find, by Mr. Car- 
itairs, you do. You have enough in your hand to re- 
train ail exorbitancies ; the affair is mightily mifre- 
prefented in the world, and but by few underftood. I 
am, notwithftanding all this, as little for the pragma- 
ticalnefs of churchmen as any man in Britain. I think 
they often need a bridle : I look upon their work as 
relating to the fouls of their people ; that they are to 
tsfe perfuafion and no coertion : it's in the magiftrate's 
power,notwithftanding their general aflemblies be granted 
them, to keep them within their bounds ; and it is the 
iietter for themfelves they be fo. I might fay enough 
fo clear further this, and take off what Tarbat, fir 
George Mackenzie, and feveral others often fay in this 
affair, but it's mod prejudice and biafs moves them. 
But I weary Your Majefty, and 1 am not to juftifjr 
churchmen's mifcarriages. You brought two from 
poIJand, one of one perfuafion, and one of another, 



lias done more mifchief than thoufands : but I fay this 
only, though there were greater ground to apprehend 
prejudice than there is, it feems altogether neceflary to 
give way to it at this time if the people prefs it, even 
though Your Majefty were inclined to alter all. If the 
country were once come to a fettlement, men will 
change in many things. I beg ten thoufand pardons 
for this prcfumption, but the weightinefs of the affair 
prefTes me ; for to lofe the people whom you can only 
confide in, when you have none to truft befide, were 
of very dangerous confequence. 

Remark,'] The two clergymen here meant were Burnet 
and Fergufon. Carftairs was the friend of lord 


Sir Patrick Hume, afterwards earl of Marchmont, to Tn King WiU 
king William. Preffes to fettle moderate prejbytery, ^'^""'^ ^°^' 

HAVE written fully to the E. of Portland hov/ 
things pafled in parliament fince the ift of May : 
now that the adt concerning committees is paft, and 
that committees are refolved to be chofen upon feverall 
motions, as the fetleing of the church, the fupply to 
beraifed for the army, and the freedom of the members 
of pari, the ftrength of our fide appears fo confidera- 
ble, as puts it out of doubt, that Your Ma. and thefe 
who cordially ferve your intereft and the nation's, have 
matters in their hands, to difpofe of them to the beft 
advantage : The happy victory got over Your M. ene- 
mies in the north upon the ift of May laft, and the 
advantages we had this day in the houfe, have fo ani- 
mated friends, and fo damped enemies and violent or ir- 
ritated fpirits, that the firft are almoft freed from fears, 
confiding in God and in the comfort and fupport which 
they expeft from Your Ma. yet our oppofits are fo per- 
tinacious in their mifchievous pains, that now they bufie 




rfiemfelves in fpreading reports, upon pretended ac- 
counts from England, that Your Ma. will not fetle the 
church government here^ being apprehenfive of the 
piower of general! afFemblies, but will put a long ad- 
journment upon the pari. There is no way in the 
\vorId fo apt to make the multitude heft affected to Your 
Ma. to ftartle, as this is % therefor whatever may be 
fujgefted to Your Ma. about that matter, I fhall here 
lav before you both what is intended, and what I doubt 
not fhall be got accomplifhed, if Your Pvla. allow this 
pari, which is now fo well fixed to your intereft, to 
continue fitting and ailing : i®, The defign in the 
church fetlement is, that no general aflembly have anjr 
power legiflative over the liedges, this being folely in 
the hands of the King and pari, but that their power 
ihall only extend in the way of judicature in judging 
and fentencmg thofe of their own communion, in re- 
ference to doctrine and difcipline, and their fentences to 
take no ciyil efFe£l either againft one's perfon or goods j 
only to debar, or at moft cut off from their church com- 
munion : 2°, That the King have power to call ge- 
nerall aflemblies upon emergent occafions, if he think 
fitt ;,and that in generall affemblies, whether called by 
the King,, or conveened by authority of the church, 
the King, if he fo pleafe, may have his commiiTioner 
to fitt with them, to fee to their diligent and orderly de- 
portment and procedure : 3% That all fort of perfecu- 
tion upon church differences be prevented and fecured 
zgainit : If thefe things be provided for in the church 
fettlement, it is hardly poffible that the government in 
the church keeping within thefe bounds, can ever clafii 
or interfere with the civil policy and government of the 
nation ; I am perfwaded Your Ma. needs not, upon 
any fuch jealoufie, delay to finifh the eftablifhing that 
forme fo much defired by your good people, and which 
will fo unite their hearts to your fervice : Indeed, if 
Your Ma. affaires there neceffarly require a delay of 
thoi'e things here, it is a misfortune for which I am 




heartily fory ; but if it be unevitable, I befeech Your 
Ma. to let your commlfTioner know it timcoufly, and I 
wifli my feife alfo to know it, that according as maybe 
poflible, the beft may be made of it, which I am afFraid 
may be bad enough ; but the utmoft endeavours fhall 
not be wanting to fitt and accommodate all the requi- 
lites of Your Ma. affairs there or here : as to the fup- 
ply of money, 1 hope it fliall be brought to a confide- 
rable pafs, yet more as a fond of credit, than a prefent 
Turn in cafh ; for it will take fome time to raife that, 
therefore, as I wrote laft to my lord Portland, if 
fome money could be furnifhed, for the prefent need, 
from thence, it would be of great ufe ; and I am con- 
fident, in a fhort fpace, we fhall have this kingdom in 
a condition, that Your Ma. may well reckon upon it as 
a confiderable flay to reft upon, in reference to all your 
affairs both at home and abroad; but I fhall trouble 
Your Ma. no farder at this time, only praying for 
Your Ma. long life, happinefs, and profperity. I re- 

Pleafe Your Ma. 
Edinbourg, Your Ma. moft obedient fubje<3:, 

8 May, 1690. and molt faithfull fervant, 


Sir Patrick Hume^ afterwards earl of Afarchmont, to In King Willi- 
King JVilliam.-"— State of parties in Scotland. 


I HAVE hitherto delayed writing to Your Ma. (fave 
one petition which I fent) finceour parlement mett, 
knowing that accounts were given by the commifTioner. 
Now I conceave it necelTary to lay before Your Ma. 
what I do evidently difcerne in your affairs here, and of 
the pretenders to your fervice. The houfc of parlement 
divides in two parties ; the one is made up of about 52 
of thefe called addrefTers, and 43 others that joined not 
jin that addrefs, 'm all about 95, who go one way with 



Ycur Ma. commillioner in what concerns your ferylce 
and the publick good : the other party is made up of 
about 20 of the addreflers and 46 others, who are 
efteemed the favorers of the late king, in all about 
66. In reality all thefe, to the exception of a few, not 
exceeding 20 at moft, are fuch as either have too great 
kindnefs for the late king, or too little for Your Ma. 
and the country. There are among thefe fome men 
able and crafty, who leave no means untryed to run 
this kingdom in confufion, which has given good men 
much labour to counterworke : they have prevailed 
MJith aim oft all the Jacobites to come in to the parlia- 
ment, and to fwallow down the oath of allegiance, that 
they may be capable to mar what is defigned for Your 
Ma. intereft. The whole pack, whatever is in their 
hearts, pretend to be the patrons of the kingdom's li- 
berties, and beyond others zealous for the prefbyterial 
government in this church ; they would have Your Ma. 
commiflioner, and thefe who go along with him, be- 
lieved to be reconciled to prelacy and to arbitrary go- 
vernment alfo, provided it be put in Your Ma. hands : 
While we labour for a true and moderate prefbytery, 
confiftent with the civil government, they call that a 
jninceing, and cry up that which, by the acknowledg- 
ment of all moderate men, had deborded unto great 
excefles, as the government in the pureft times, as the 
beft curb to the exorbitancies of monarchy that can be : 
while we plead for maintaining and paying the army, 
they fay grievances muft be firft redrefled. In the 
mean time, your Ma. may guefs by whofe means ru- 
mours are fpread, that there is no intention of fettling 
the church, of redrefling any grievances, but when mo- 
ney is got to diflblve this parliament. Thefe things 
have put us in great difficulties. Indeed Your Ma. 
commiffioner and many others have been at much pains, 
and by the jealoufies raifed by that party, in much dif- 
ficulty till now, that the giving the royal aflent to the 
a£t refcinding the ecclefiaftic fupremacy, an4 to that 



reftoring the outed minifters, which the Jacobite party 
prefled earneftly, thinking it would not be granted, has 
much fatisfied the people, and removed the jealoufy 
as to the church government, I cannot think but all 
Your Ma. affairs will carry ftrongly here, if you are 
pleafed to truft your commiffioner, who is as cordially 
concerned as I think any man can be for Your Ma. 
intereft, with inftrudions and truft ample enough for 
occafions that may fall in. I muft fay he takes rtiy 
opinion much in ail things ; I hope Your Ma. fervice 
ihall not fare the worfe j he can tell Your Ma. what 
part I have adted j I will fay nothing of that, but fhall 
iludy to be as good as my word to Your Ma. This 
is what I have to fay in general, and I fhall very foon 
give a more full and particular account. Now I pre- 
sume to kifs Your Ma, hands, as, 
Pleafe Your Ma. 

Your Ma. moft obedient fubjeft, 
Edinbourgh, and moft faithful fervanf, 

25 April, 1690. PAT. HUME. 

Lord Tarbaty afterwards earl of Cromarty, to King in King Willi- 
William — on thejiate of parties in. Scotland. ^'^^ '"^*' 

May it pleafe Your Majefty, 

IH A V E not heard from co!. Hill, fince he went 
North, nor could he fo foone have any returne from 
any of thefe cheefs, and untill 1 heare from him (for 
by him I did writt to them) I can fay nothing of im- 
portance as to that matter. 

1 need not tell how unexfpedled fuccefTe Your Ma- 
jeftie's commiffioner hathhad hitherto in this pari, it hath 
aftoniihed thofe who were oppofite to Your Maj. fer- 
vice, and yett I cannot fay that they have given over 
there defigns, for he hath as great difficulty to retaine 
thofe he gained, as in the gaining of them at firft ; for 
ihefe prefbiterians are fo bigotted and hott Iti there 



humor, as that no midle thing will pleafe them : his 
firft ftepp was of neceffity to touch the a6t refcinding 
the aft of fupremacy, 1669, or to loffe a great number, 
who had weell neare joined the clubb, on his demurring 
on it for a day. That of refcinding the articles, was 
the next condition of their adherence. And by thefe 
hitherto he hath not only caried the plurality by many, 
contrare to a confidence in his opponents, but alfo he 
hath difcouradged, divided, and brought over feveralis 
of the other fide. But, Sir, until he eftablifh prefbitry 
to a great hight, he cannot afrirrn them as fure to Your 
Majeftie's fervice ; for his adverfares are inceffantly 
rafeingjealoufies in them, as if this were not defigned; 
and if it be not, it's like they will cary over him what 
is yett to -be done for Your Maj. fervice : and I am ap- 
prehenfive they will likewife have the patronages of 
churches taken away. 
^ It*s true. Sir, thefe are great conceiliones ; but as 

matters are now ftated, there may be exceeding danger 
-in diibblieging them ; for what courfe fo violent a peo- 
ple may take is not eafily forefeen ; and fome who in 
that cafe will lead and influence them, are, I fear, of 
no principle, fufficient to regulat ether there ambition 
or malice j and if once thefe hot people be ftirred, they 
are with eafe driven to excefTes and extravagances, tho' 
to their owne ruine. 

And at the famne time the Jacobines are not only nu- 
merous, but very much increafced ; and will not mifie 
to make ufe of thefe diflatisfadiones in the prcfbiterian 
- party, to hurt Your Maj. intereft:. So Your Ma. may 
be pleafed to weigh the inconvenience of haveing the 
major part of the pari, as yett to go olf from your com- 
mifT. and the evils that will follow on that, whilftyow 
have no other party afTured to yow, wherby jow will 
gett none or litle money to pay your army j the courfe 
that the difcontented will take is uncertaine ; and Your 
Maj. enimies will be incouradged and ftrengthened ; 
with the the evils on the other fide, by quitting perhaps 



iiecefTare prerogatives of the crowne, and glveing too 
loofe reins to a clergy, both which may be retrived, 
when Your Maj. great effaires are in better circumftan- 
ces, and when yow get a confiderable part of the pow- 
erful! nobility and gentry of this nation to joine cor- 
dially in your interefts ; and it is hot to be doubted^ 
but that the commifT. will grant as litle as is poffible, 
without lofTeing them ; and he is now indeavouring to 
bring over fuch noblmenand gentlmen as will give any 
propable afTurance of fidelity to Your Maj. tho' hitherto 
ihey have (hewed too indifcreet diffatisfadiion, the' they 
deny it to be from any attachment to K, James, which 
a litle tyme will more difcover. In this 1 am imploying 
my felf, for except to be in parliam*^. when alleadgance 
was given to Your Maj, I have not been in it, both be- 
€aufe the leiTe I appeare with the comm. the more i£ 
pleafes feverals of the hotter heads ; and alfo becaufe I 
nether would concurr in the refcinding of the fupre- 
macy or articles^ nor will I concurr in eftablifhing the 
defignd prefbitry, nor takeing avk^ay of patronages, as I 
told Your Maj. when I had the honor to wait on yow, 
and as yow then allowed me, tho' I heare fome of my 
good friends wold even in this mifreprefent me. But I 
feare no malice, fince I reft confident in Your Maj eflie's 
favour to me and my fidelity to Your Majefty and your 
rcj'all intereft. 

Sir, I doubt if the commifT. can tell definitely what 
he could have your warrand for, the humors he hath to 
doe with is fo uncertaine ; fo that a latitude is necef- 
faire for him, if you doe not refolve to have the pari. 
rife in diflatisfadion, which at this tyme, and when 
Your Maj. hath fo little afTurance of the other fide, 
were ane advice that no faithfuil man dare give. 

I find the D. of Queenfberry, E. Lithgow, E. Bal- 
cares, E. BroadaIbin,and feverall others, much changed 
to the better; and fome of them have this day employed 
me to indeavour an underftanding betwixt the comm. 
and them : he is cautious, and on good grounds, for 



there are many of the weaker people who now joinej, 
and make his number in parliam^ who would defert 
him, if they thought he would affociat with wicked us:- 
but he hath allowed me to try ic quietly ; and as tfieir 
ingenuity appears, fo he will move : but if on the one 
hand he cary the.parliam*. and on the other he bring 
ofF feverall confiderable perfones, both from the Jaco- 
bines and clubb, I will adventure to fay, he hath ferved 
Your Maj. above what was poflible for any other to doe 
(that I know) in our prefent ftate. His fonne the lo. 
Raith hath refolved to lett his commiition of treafurer 
deput ly for fome tyme, left it give umbrage to any In 
this criticall tyme, unlefs he find it ufefull for Your 
Majefliie's fervice, to publifti it prefently ; for if peo- 
ple be conftant, the comm. hath enough of plurality ; 
arid this generofity in Raith is the more, that he could 
not be perfwaded to declare it now, leaft it fhould lofTe 
one vote to Your Maj. albeit all of us thought he might 
©wne it. 

Your majefty's command for giving this kind of trou- 
ble raifed a boldnefs for dooing it, in. 

May it pleafe your majefty. 
Your majefty's moft humble, 
Edmb. moft faithfull, and moft obedient 

13 May, 1690. fubjt<5l and fervant, 


Intliedukeof £5;-^ Bafil Hamilton to his father. — The duke has taken 
feffion. ^ ' offence hecaufe not made chancellor, -^^JVarhs him againjl 
differing with fecretary Stair, 

London, 12 t)ec. 1691. 
DOUBT not but you have heard of great changes 
that were made in the Scotch affairs, and particu- 
larly that there was to be a chancellor. I took occa- 
fion to fpeak to the king upon it, and told him that I 
heard he was going to make fuch alterations in his af- 
fairs in Scotland, which would put your giace out of 



all condition of ferving him any longer in the govern- 
ment, ifit was true that I heard, of his going to make 
a chancellor. He told me he had taken no fuch refo- 
lution, nor was refolved yet upon anything j and upon 
fome things that I was faying to him of ill offices that 
fome people did your grace, he thought I meant the fe- 
cretary Staires, and told me he had always found him 
very much your friend. I anfwered that I was fure 
that the difference betwixt you did his Majefty'sinterefi: 
no good ; and for my part, I would always do what lay 
in my power towards it. I cannot believe but you 
wrong that man extremely. I fhall not pretend to 
know much of Scotch affairs, but I cannot fee by all I 
can perceive here, that there is any body in the govern- 
ment you would have had better quarter with than him, 
I believe his credit here, as yet, is as great as any body's, 
though I hear that Tarbat gains ground every day. To 
tell your grace the truth of all the parties that are here, 
I find very few that do not their endeavours to make a 
government without your grace. You know the pro- 
verb, ,Out of fight out of mind. I fhall flriv-e to give 
your grace an account by the next poll of what is the 
king's thoughts as to your particular. In the mean 
time I wifli your grace would not exclaim at prefent, 
nor be fo violent againft Staires and his fon. 

Lord Bafd Hamilton to the Duke of Hamilton— =on the in the duke of J 

London, 19th Dec. 1691. 

THE Mafter of Stairs complains extremely that 
your grace fhould be fo much, upon all occa- 
lions, doing of him all the ill offices lies in your power, 
I know not if I be impofed on by him, but I am fure 
he has convinced me, that he has done your grace no 
ill offices to deferve your anger ; and that Tweedle's 
being chancellor is none of his making, if it fliould be 
Vol. Ill, q, lord 


Ih the duke of Lord Bafil Hajhilton to the duke his father. The duke 

poffeffion,* affronted by the appomttneni of .a chancellor. 

London, 5th January, 1692. 
AM ferry I cannot give your grace fo full an anfwer 
to your long letter of the 29th of December, as I 
intended, for I could have no time with the fecretary, 
he is fo bufy ; but I hope by the next poH: to give your 
grace a fuller accourit of all ou^ Scotch aftairsj though, 
I am afraid, not to either of our fatiifaiSion ; for the 
E. of Tweedle is certainly chancellor, and his patent 
fio-ned to-day. I afked the king to have fpoken to 
him, but he fliunned it ; for he doubted what I had 
to fay, and I believe had not an anfwer ready. I fhall 
not fay much at this time; but my opinion is, that 
whatever the king does, you fhould not fhow any re- 
fentment, nor write of your demitting, till you hear 
more of it ; and really I think the beft you can do, 
would be to go to the country at this conjuncture, and 
not be in town. I hope your grace will parJon me, 
if I put you in mind of patience at this conjuncture, 
for I am fare there is need of it ; and whatever hap- 
pens, I am fure it will be to your advantage to take it 
rather fo than otherwife. I have fpoke to lord Car^ 
michell, and afked him about his being of the opinion 
oftheneceffity of there being a chancellor, and againft 
your being it : he protefted he never either faid, of 
thought any fuch thing ; and indeed, I muft confefs, 
I have always found him very friendly, and I believe 
he has been very juft to your grace fince his coming 
hither. He told me he never heard you mentioned as 
to that place ; and that he had obeyed your commands 
in telling the Mafter of Staires, that if there was a 
chancellor put over your head, you would not continue 
in the government any longer. 


A P P Ei N D I X. 24^ 

Lord Bafil Hamilton to the duke his father. "-"^Entreats "^^ the duke of 
,. ^ , . f. r i- • • • Hamilton's pef- 

hifn not tojhew bis jenje 6j injuries, ifeflien, 

London, 12th January, 1692. 
HAVE had yoiir grace's of the 5th of this month, 
I (liaii not deny but I am very little acquainted with 
what pafies j but if I have no greater reafon to com- 
plain of the Mafter of Staires than the not knowing of 
the adjournment of the parliament till the 5th of April, 
we (hall agree very welL I faw my lord Carmichell 
to-day, who told me he hoped my lord Lothian will 
have convinced your grace how much both of them 
were wrohged by thofe that told your grace they were 
againft your being chancellor. I cannot write your 
grace arty further account of things than 1 did by my 
hft ; for 1 do not hear there is any thing more refolved 
as to oiir afFairs : and I having already told the king of 
my going to Scotland, and that 1 waited for nothing 
but to know from him what I Ihould fay to your grace 
Upon this conjundlure, I know it is needlefs to be 
preffing : for 1 am perfuaded, that till they are at more 
certainty how things will goj I fhall get no anfwer 5 
they fay they are at fuch uncertainties, that they change 
every day^ and know hot where to fix. I know no- 
thing I can fay to your grace more upon this head, 
only that moft people are of the opinion, that you 
fbould not be rafti of what you refolve j and though 
things be come to that length, that you are at prefent 
not fatisfied withj yet it is thought you ought rather 
to abfent yourfeif than to declare yet j and I hope you 
will do fo, till I have the honour of feeing you. 

Lord Bafil Hamilton to the duke his father, to the fame ^^ the duke of 


. , r ' ' Hamilton's d«f4 

purpoje, ' - *^ 


Loo, lOth April, 1692. 
INCE my laft I have fpoke to E. Portland, who 
told me, that it was true that your grace had the 
Q, 3 admijara 


admiral's place given you. I told him that I had {een 
it in the Gazette, but that I heard nothing of it from 
your grace ; fo I did not know whether you would ac- 
ccpt of it or nbti He anfwered, that you would be 
very much in the wrong to refufe it, for he believed it 
' was only a place of honour, and had nothing to do 
i^ith the affairs of ftate ; fo that, whatever you do as 
for the reftj you ought not to refufe this ; for this 
brought you under nobody ; fo that having no eorref- 
pondence with the other difficulties, he hoped your 
grace would not refufe it. He fpoke more favourably 
this time concerning you, than I have found him. 

In my laft I wrote to your grace^ that Mr. Carftairs 
Was not here, but that evening I found I was miftaken^ 
for I faw him at night ; but, not feeing him before, 
made me believe he was not here. I told him what your 
grace had wrote to mes and defired he would reprefent 
things to my lord Portland. He told me he had not 
had an opportunity of fpeaking to my lord yet, but 
he would endeavour to do it before the poll goes, and 
give me an account what jjafles, which if he does, I 
fhall write it to your grace, I find he is much for 
yoUr grace's not quitting the government for all that is 
done, and he fays he is very fure that things will come 
to your hand j but he Having fpoke to ybu himfelf, I 
need not fay any thing more of itj nor do I know really 
how to fay any thing to your grace about it, for I am 
as fenfible as is poflible of the hard rheafures you meet 
with J but I am fure that all that your enemies defire is j 
that you fhould retire — that they may fay, you do it to 
countenance the difcontented party of the country, 
and that you have always been an oppofer to all kings, 
and will ever be fo. I do not fay this, that it has been 
faid from any body to me^ nor have I heard any thing 
of that nature j only I am afraid that, if you do retire^ 
it will be the conftrudion your enemies will put upon 



Lsrd Bafil Hamilton to the duke. — The duke refufes //^'f In the duke of 
place of lord admiral of Scotland. S!""' ^°^'' 

Hague, 7th of May, 1692. 

TFfE talk of King James coming over, with all 
the Irifli and fome French, makes a great noife. 
But I do not hear yet, that the king will change thofc 
meafures he has already taken. I fee a letter of your 
grace's to-day, to the fecretary here, with the abfolute 
refufal of the being admiral of Scotland ; the fecretary 
has not feen the king yet, fo I know not how it i§ . 
taken here : but fo foon as I doj I fliall write to your 

l,ord Bafil Hamilton to the duke his father.— —^ Has de- In the duke of 
fended the duke againji fufpicions. SffionT'^''^* 

Since my laft from Breda, I have feen Mr. Carftearsj 
who told me he would write to your grace ; he 
fays that your enemies begin already to fay, that the 
reafon why you are fo abftra^ from bufinefs, was that 
you would not meddle till you fee the efFedl of this 
campaign. I told him, that could but fliow malicej 
and not do you hurt with any reafonable body, for youi 
had dipped your fingers too deep in the pye, to begiji 
to juggle now; befides, it is not your humour, 
BrulTels, 19 May, 1692. 

Mr. Fletcher of Saltan' s fpirr^.ed letter to, the duke of Ha~ In the duke of 
milton.^—Freffes him to forget his oivn injuries, '''^^fcflioru""*^''" 
defend his country. 

Edinburgh, 29th of April, 1692. 
May it pleafe your grace, 

K N OW you will be furprifed to receive a letter 
from me ; but my writing to you in fuch an exi- 
gence, fhews the high efteem I muft have ©f you 5 and 

<^3 • ®? ' 


of the true love you bear your religion and country. 
If, laying afide all other coniiderations, you do not 
come in prefently, and ftflift in council, all things will 
go into confufion, and your prefence there will eafily 
retrieve all. The cafble has been very near furprifed, 
i^nd an adyertifement which fecretary Johnftpn had 
from France, and wrote hither, has fayed it. When 
things are any ways compofed, you may return to 

I your former meafures, for I dp approve of them. I 

clo advife your grace to the moft honourable thing you 
can do J and without which your country riiuft pe- 

♦ Yoqr grace's, moft humble fervant, 

(Signed) a/ FLETCHER. 

Xii the duke of Secretary Stair to the duke of Hamilton. — Their animo' 
Hamiltpn's pof- /J^/^j, — Vindication of the ireatv with the Highlanders. 

St. Gerard, Aug. Vr, 1691. 
May it pleafe your grace, 

IH A D the honour to receive a letter from your 
grace laft poft. It's needlefs to fall again into a 
fubjedl which is out of the field ; but I muft fay, where 
there is little confidence, miftalces eafily arife : and 
yeally I believe I had been as little hafty as your grace, 
though I cannot but obferve, what hints were at me. 
IBut they have not hit, and i am not haunted with rc- 

I have fent your grace a copy of the conceflions to 
the Highlanders j the application of the money is by 
l)uying in from niy lord Argyll, and fromMackintofti, 
thofe lands and fuperiorities, which have been the 
occafion of trouble in the Highlands thefe many years. 
When your grace does confider, that the expence comes 
not from us, that the apprehenfions of danger were 
great when it was begun, and that the king could not 
yeftle, with the eafe we may have of two or three re- 
• giments which we cannot pay, and that the French 



may be the more earneft to get a footing in Britains 
that they are likely to lofe Ireland, I hope your grace 
will find the fettlement not (o ill, nor fo ill turned, as 
to be either diftionourable to the king, or ufelefs to the 
country, at this juncture. I wiih the affairs of our 
kirk were as well fettled, and then I ihall hope for 
fome quiet to pur poor country. 


In King William's box there are letters from lord 
Tarbet to the king, concerning the execution in- 
tended againft the Highlanders if they fhould not 
take the oaths. In one of them to the king, with- 
out a date, but appearing to be written in the year 
1691, Lord Tarbet tells him that the laft Highland 
campaign had cpft 150,000/ j that it would not be 
the work of two or three years to force the High- 
landers to peace ; and gives an account of the mea- 
fures taken to treat with them. In another, alfo 
without date, but written about the fame time, he 
gives a farther account of negociations with the 
Highlanders, and adds, " Colonel Hill informed my 
lord commiflioner apd me frequently of thcfe peo-- 
ceedings ; but the major general was then near, to 
be in readinefs for a Highland expedition, and he 
was not for capitulation, fmce he doubted not to 
reduce them by force ; and the earl of Argyll was 
•againft fuch condefcenfions as would prejudge 01: 
Icfien his expeftations ; and feveral of Your Ma- 
jefty's counfellors did think it diflionour to treaf 
with them j and all thefe concurred to think it 
better to root them out by war, than tq give theni^ 
^ny favour." 

Q^ 4. Secretary 


In the pofleffion Secretary Stair to lord Breadalhane, — Trufls in his conduSl 
of the earl of ,. . • , i tt , i , 

Breadalbane. of the treaty with the Highlanders. 

From the camp at Approbiax, June ||, 1691, 
My lord, 

CAN fay nothing to you, all things areas you 
wifli, but I do long to hear from yqu. Do not 
trouble yourfelf with any difcouragements you may fee 
defigned againft you. By the king's letter to the 
council you will fee he hath ftopt all hoftilities againft 
the Highlanders, till he may hear from you, and that 
your time be elapfed without coming to fome iflue, 
which I do not apprehend ; for there will come nothing 
to them. D. Berwick is here, and if it will not do, 
I am fure yen will return quickly to give the account 
of the negotiation, to teftify you have done your part, 
both for their Majefties intereft, and for your friends : 
but if they will be mad, before Lammas they will re- 
£: pent it ; fipr the army will be allowed to go into the 

Highlands, which fome thirft fo much for, and the fri- 
a ;' gates will attack them : but I have fo much confidence 

]■ of your conduQ: and capacity, to let them fee the 

ground they ftand on, that I think thefe fuppofitions 
are vain. I have fent you your inftru£lions. My dear 
lord. Adieu, 

Ir. the pofl*effion Secretary Stair io the earl of Breadalbane. — Prejfes him 
bane'"' ^'^^'^'^"" *^ conclude the treaty. Sufpicions of lord Argyll's 


Nancour, Aug. 24, O. S. 169 1. 

My lord, 

I HOPE this comes to your hands well at London;, 
where I doubt not my lady will foon difpatch you, 
that your journey in return do not fall in the winter. 
I came that night I faw you laft, to this place, and 
ihere underftood you had palTed this way. I did regret 
I had not fo much more of your company. The more 



I do confider our affairs, I think it is the more necef- 
fary that your lordfhipdo with all diligence poft from 
thence, and that you write to the clans to meet you at 
Edinburgh, to fave your trouble of going further : they 
have been for fome time excluded from that place, fo 
they are fein, and will be fond to come there. The 
fooner the king (hall know of their anticipating the time 
for taking the indemnity, and oath of allegiance, it's 
the better for his refolutions, both in relation to the 
fettling the civil government, and the ordering of the 
army. I join my entreaties with my lady's to you, 
to haft back as foon as you can, by the firft of 0£lo- 
ber. If you can fee and fix Argyll, it would magnify 
you, though that cannot be required at your hands. I 
am fure you are able to make him fenfible, confidering 
what the king knows, that his part of the terms are 
very kind and advantageous } and it muftmake clear to 
the world his engagements elfewhere, if he does obftru£l 
his own conveniency, and the king's fervice in this 
fettlement. I know it will need no more to fatisfy all 
your people, but to fee them ; therefore, my dear lord, 
let it be foon, and fhort, that we may have you again. 

Secretary Stair to lord Breadalbane^ on his leing accufed of^^ '"''^ Bread 
,,,,,. . , i> J J bane's poffef- 

aouble-dealing in the treaty. fiOTi. 

My lord. Loo, Sept. ||, 1691. 

HAVE been vaguing thefe three laft pofts. I got 
yours from London, as foon as the charge given in 
againft you, which is flill with the fecretary of Eng- 
land's baggage. So the king hath not fecn the princi- 
pal letter, but we have, and know the contents. No 
body believes your lordfhip capable of doing either a 
thing fo bafe, or that you could believe there could be 
any fecret in your treaties, where there were fo many 
ill eyes upon your proceedings ; but the truth will always 
hold faft. The king is not foon ihakenj and this, at- 

2^0 Appendix, 

tempt agalnfl: you is Co plain, that it will recommend 
and fatten you more in his favour, when the iflue clears 
the fincerity of your part. And I hope it's not in any 
body's power to deprive you of the fuccefs to conclude 
that affair in the terms the king hath approven. But 
it will require more pains and difpatch. To return, 
the king will be over the beginning of Oftober, and 
I hope to fee you before it end j and I have heard there 
are endeavours ufing to make the Highlanders either 
Qwn thefe bafe terms, as promifed by your lordfhip j 
or elfe to declare their peaceablenefs did not proceed on 
your account, pr for your negotiation, but becaufe of 
the endeavours of others. I am not ready to believe 
thefe projefis will have great efFedl. Let not any thing 
difcourage you, but believe all thefe devices will tend 
to magnify your feryice, when you finifti your under- 
taking. It's reprefented that the flighlanders do not 
intend to take the allegiance, but that they come down 
to the low-lands to debauch people, and make parties, 
during the interval till the ift of January, which is 
too long. I fee what advantage will be made of this. 
But thefe who are not ready, or prefently willing tq 
take the oath, fliould keep at home in their own coun- 
try, till they be going to take the oath : for it were 
not fair, nor proper, that any man who hath been ip 
rebellion, fliould go to Edinburgh, and appear there, 
and do what he pleafes, till the firft of January ; and 
then to be uncertaine whether he will take the oath or 
not. The bell cur? of all thefe qi^ttefs is, tl?at the 
chieftains do take it as quickly as can be, which wiU 
take off the tricks, or fufpicions againfl the reft. I 
doubt not it will be minded that my lord Argyll fliould 
not meddle with the garrifons of Mull, or that men 
fhould be defired to render upon the profpe£l of being 
prifoners, in cafe they take not the oaths : They fliould 
once be free, and have the time allowed to deliberate ; 
but in that fpace Ihould not be ufed to infult the go- 
vsrnmenti or to aQ: againft it in the mean time. I 



think you have brought this matter (o good a lengthy 
that I doubt not the reft, and then I believe the king 
will forgive bygone arrears of cefs to thefe, fo foon as 
he hears they are coming in frankly. 

My dear lord, adieu. 
I wrote to my lord Atholl as I faid. 

Secretary Stair to lord Breadalbane. -^-—'Difficulty in the In the pofffflioij 
•^ • , , -" •' of lord Breadal- 

treaty, bane. 

My lord, Deeren, Sept. |9, 1691. 

I HAD your's from London, fignifying that you had 
not been then difpatched, for which I am very un- 
eafy. I fpoke immediately to the king, that without 
the money the Highlanders would never do ; and there 
have been fo many difficulties in the matter, that a re- 
fol'ution to do, efpecially in tnoney-matters, would not 
fatisfy. The king faid they were not prefently to re- 
ceive it, which is true, but that he had ordered it to 
be delivered out of his treafury, fo as they need not 
fear, in the leaft, performance ; befides, the paper be- 
ing figned by his majefty's hand, for fuch fums fo to 
be employed, or the equivalent. There never was any 
l^dy that could fay the king had failed in his pofitive 
promifes, and therefore I hope thefe people will nqt 
fufFer themfelves to be abufed ; nor will your lordihip 
confider the retardments put in your way to hinder yoa 
to effeftuate fo good fervice both to your fovereign and 
country : they fee all the reft that they fear depends 
very much upon the fuccefs of this, and I know I need 
not prompt your lordfhip to finifh what upon many 
confiderations is fo neceffary. There wants no ende»- 
vonrs to render you fufpicious to the king, but he aiked 
what proof there was for the information ? and bid me 
tell you to go on in your bufinefs \ ihe beft evidence 
of fincerity, was the bringing that matter quickly to ^ 
conclufion. We now vi^ould fain fancy the time is too 
Jong, and that it will be abufed in the interim by thefe 



who intend not to take the allegiance, but to come down 
to debauch the low countries, and infult the govern- 
ment. I wrote to you in my laft, that they fhould keep 
at home till they are clear to take the benefit of the in- 
demnity, in the terms propofed. I did expe6t the king's 
anfwer to the council might have determined that mat- 
ter fo, but there is yet no anfwer, nor will be this 
poft ; in which time I hope your lordfliip ftiall not only 
keep them from giving any offence, but bring them to 
take the allegiance, which they ought to do very chear- 
fully ; for their lives and fortunes they have from their 
majefties. It will be about the tenth of October before 
the king be at London. By that time fome will be 
wearied, and I hope others will be there about that 
time. I need not tell you how much it concerns you, 
ijoth in your honour; and interefl, to get evidence you 
both have dealt fincerely, and are able, in (^efpite of 
oppofition, to conclude the Highland affair. 
My dear lord, adieu. 


In the pGffeffion Secretary Stair to lord Breadalbane.' — Treaty breaking off". 

of lord Breadal- 

bancc . ^ 

My lord, London, Nov. 24, 1691. 

O T hearing from you fo long after your confe- 
rence the loth pafl, I conclude things have not 
anfwered your expedlation. Now I do believe our pub- 
lic matters (hall be fettled before we hear any thing from 
you of the fuccefs of your negotiation} perhaps they will 
be pretty right. I fancy more endeavours are tried to 
retard you, as if all did depend on your fuccefs. No, 
my lord, you ferve a prince not fo hard as to confider 
nothing but fuccefs, nor not fo little penetrating as not 
to obferve it was not your want of faithfulnefs, but of 
others who did ferve him, that hath delayed the con- 
clufion of that affair. I muft fay your coufin Lochiel 
hath not been fo wil^ as I thought him, not to mention 
gratitude ; for truly, to gratify your relation, I did 
comply to let his fhare be more than was reafonablcj 



there was no pleas betwixt him and Argylc to be 
bought in, and I well know he, nor Keppoch, nor 
Appin cannot lie one night fafe in winter, for the gar- 
rifon of Fort William. I doubt not Glengarry's houfe 
will be a better mid-garrifon betwixt Invernefs and In- 
verlochy, than ever he will a good fubjefb to this go- 
vernment. I am glad it hath not failed on the king's 
fide, for all his fuccefs j but I Ihall advife your lord- 
fhip to keep up the remiflions, and let them ftand as 
faft as they pleafe (though in this I have no peremptory 
command from the king). But I am fatisfied that clan 
deferves no favour, and that having ufed you fo, and 
flighted the grace offered, they are an eafy and a proper 
objeft of his majefty's feverity and juftice. This is 
only to advife you, that neither your own thanks, nor 
the public fettlement, depends on them, and that you 
do not too far prefs or engage yourfelf: for I appre- 
hend my next will be to found the retreat, and leave 
thefe honeft wife people to their own politics ; for 
though nothing you have done will be retradled, con- 
form to your orders, yet not one deferves to be added 
to thefe who could import no more, but their unwil- 
lingnefs, by their lingring. The faireft way to let this 
matter fall will be your returning to Edinburgh, or 
hither, except you do find your lordftiip fixed in a poft 
in the government there. You will allow me to change 
with thofe circumftances, though never to you who I 
doubt not have done your part ; but I wifli you had 
Written oftner. Since the ninth I had nothing from 

My dear lord, farewell. 
Though Lochiel were as he fhould have been, yet he 
muft to the bargain difpone that mofs that lies nearell 
to Fort William, for a place conftantly to provide fewel 
to that garrifon. 



In the pofleffion Secretary Stair to Lorci Breadalbane,— Preparations for 
of lord Breadal- '' -^ 

bane, execution. 

My lord, London, EJec. 2, 1691. 

YOUR's of the i6th pad was very uneafy j it's a 
little qualified by that of the igth. — 1 know not 
by what I was moved to write to you eight days ago^ 
as if I had known what thefc letters b