(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Memoirs of Lenawee County, Michigan, from the earliest historical times down to the present, including a genealogical and biographical record of representative families in Lenawee County"

X 



V 



er\r\v 



:noxand 
tilds^ /oun&ations 




IIONOKAHLK W I l.l.A l;l ) STEARNS 



MEMOIRS 



■WMj^^ttH?* 



OF 



LENAWEE COUNTY 



MICHIGAN 



FROM THE EARLIEST HISTORICAL TIMES DOWN TO 

THE PRESENT, INCLUDING A GENEALOGICAL 

AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF 

REPRESENTATIVE FAMILIES IN 

LENAWEE COUNTY 



/ f ' 



RICHARD ILLENDEN BONNER, Editor 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME II 



-y 



MADISON, WISCONSIN 

WESTERN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

1909 



i'A 



« a • • 

• • * 






• • • • • . • - 

;.. :. ; •• 

, > , . • • • • • 



THE t^EW YOKK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

89J2G35A 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 
T^SeN FOUNDATIONS 

j^ 1937 L 



Index 



Ackley, Samuel 19 

Allen, Benjamin, S 821 

Allis, E. W 878 

Allshouse, John J 534 

Alverson, Dr. Josiah D 20 

Amberson, Verne C 21 

American Eclecticism 42 

Ames, Edwin W 772 

Amplilett, .John B 22 

Anderson, Andrew 22 

Anderson, Bedford P 594 

Anderson, Erwin B 23 

Anderson, John 525 

Andrews, Frank E.. M. D 24 

Andrews, .lames B 774 

Angell, Ralph W 25 

Anthony, Brayman W., D.D. LL. D. 739 

Armour, Hinman 761 

Aten, Matthias A 26 

Atkin, William T 27 

Atwell, Conrad 32 

Avery, William L 636 

Avis, George F 688 

Ayers, George W 29 

B 

Babcock, Abram M 403 

Babcock, Robert A 294 

Bacon, Georg^e D 771 

Bailey, Alonzo 462 

Bailey, Edwin H 30 

Bailey, Marcus M 738 

Bailey, Nathan A 302 

Baker, Leander 409 

Baker, Lewis C 875 

Baker, Rienzi H 806 

Baker, Vincent A., M. D 40 

Baldwin, Adelbert 312 

Baldwin, Charles B 506 

Baldwin, Vernon E 291 

Baldwin, William L 497 

Baldwin, William P 31 

Ballenberger, George F 30 

Bangs, Alanson B 698 

Barrett, Horace L 580 

Barrett, William E 581 

Bauerle, Gottlieb 33 

Bay, Frederick 34 

Beachboard, David J 35 

Beal, Frank C 817 

Beaman, Fernando C 804 

Bean. Leland F 36 

Beatty, Clarence C 434 

Beland, Frederick H 37 

Bell, Thomas J 422 

Bennett, George L 44 

Bennett, John E 835 

Betz, J. Fred 39 

Betz. John Jacob 4 6 

Binns, Frank S 706 

Binns, .Tames 379 

Binns, John K 538 

Bishop, Fletcher J 48 

Bissell. Henry 583 

Blair. Charles A., M. D 46 

Blake, Charles L, 47 



Blanchard, Charles E .joi 

Blanchard, Harlow ... '' .iso 

Bogart. Peter T '.[ ^)q 

Bohn, Henry F " 'iO 

Bonney, Dell G ".'.'.'.'.'.'" 554 

Boulton, George ' ' ' 50 

Bowen, Daniel E .....' S"? 

Bowen, George '' 716 

Bowen, Melville H . . ' 53 

Boyce, John T ['/ ' 54 

Boyd, John 63'' 

Bradish, William R 839 

Bradley, Arthur E ,377 

Breese, Edson C 47.3 

Breunig, Adolph [' 5s 

Brewer, Hoiace R 574 

Briggs, Flank J ', 444 

Britton, William 295 

Browder. Steven P 857 

Brown, Aaron W 556 

Brown, Edson C 58 

Brown, Horace J 621 

Brown, Lynn S 61 

Brown, Tliomas H 62.3 

Brown, Thomas W 68 

Brugger, John A 60 

Bucher, Philip 429 

Buck, Charles F 62 

Buck, David C 659 

Buck, Dwight C 676 

Bump, Albert H 669 

Burcli, Levi A 454 

Burch, Nathaniel 442 

Burgess, George H 484 

Burke, Andrew 712 

Burke, John M 873 

Burleson, Charles 323 

Burnett, Henry E 700 

Burnham, William H 56 

Burt, Matthew 661 

C 

Cadmus, .James E 65 

Cadmus, John 815 

Cadv, Ward N 471 

Calkins, Ashley R 498 

Camburn, Elwin M 66 

Camburn, Harmon ^69 

Camburn. Heborn 759 

Cannon, George 813 

Cannon, James 64 

Cannon, Vernor B 73 

Carey, Calvin G., D. V. S 810 

Carpenter, James L 70 

Carpenter, Manson 71^0 

Can-, John B ' ^ 

Caulkins, Jarvis j96 

Chapman, Philemon 307 

Chase, Artemas W., M. D 77 

Cheever, Jacob •''S3 

Cheney, Cullen T 355 

Cheney, William H 865 

Cherry, John M 72 

Chllds, Frank M 658 

Choate. William K 351 

Church, Charles A „'» 

Claflin, Guy M., M. D '99 

Clark, Alva B *>o^ 



Xll 



INDEX 



Clark, Alva H 742 

Clark, Eugene A 56b 

Clark. Obert B 82 

ClarksOB, Frank P °g 

Clarkson, James 3^S 

Clarkson, Richard '2s 

Clav, Frank W 592 

Clement, Ralph P 367 

Cobb. Harvey '35 

Cogswell. Edwin H 84 

Cole. Elvin D 286 

Cole. Miner T 86 

Collins. Allen ;i58 

Collins, James A '52 

Colvin, Hervey A 464 

Combs. John H 88 

Cone. Elias W 807 

Conklin. Herbert R.. M. D 573 

Conkling-. Hudson W 335 

Cook, Walter E SO 

Cook. Zacharias ^9 

Cooley, Joseph 543 

Coolev. Miles B 486 

Coon, Edwin A 90 

Corbett, Clark W 91 

Cowan. William F 92 

Cox. William B 93 

Crane. Henry E 94 

Curtis, George H 9' 

D 

Daniels, Lorenzo 730 

Darnton, Robert 793 

Davenport, George W 99 

Davidson, Minor 326 

Davis, Charles 747 

Day, James B 770 

Dean, Lee 440 

DeGraff, Peter C 99 

Deline, Marion A 392 

Demlow, William 100 

DePuy, Benjamin F 333 

Dersham. Eugene 101 

Dewey, Fayett L 499 

Dewev, Lorenzo D 102 

Dibble, Charles E 104 

Dillon, John A., Jr 858 

Diver, Daniel 105 

Doan, William N 106 

Dodge, Dr. William C 828 

Dorsey, Frank N 795 

Dowell, William D 107 

Downer. George G 825 

Drake, Steven D 729 

Dreher, Philip M 108 

Duncan, George W 109 

Dunigan, Roger 775 

Dutcher, Martha F 446 

Dutt, George M., M. D 665 

Dwyer, James H 654 

Dwyer, John 431 

E 

Eaton. Stephen A 110 

Eayrs, Charles N 841 

Eccles, Rosingrave M., M. D 96 

Eclecticism. American 42 

Elliott. Frank L 456 

Elliott. James Ill 

Ellsworth. George A 714 

Ely, Asher B 398 

El v. Francisco D 439 

Engel. Thomas G 532 

I':rhart, Julius .> 113 

Evans, Charles ■ 114 

P^verlss, Joseph E 115 

Every, Egbert 720 

F 

Fairbanks, Smith C 777 

Fancher, Seymour J 426 

Farns worth, Arry M 517 



Farnsworth. Edward G 474 

Farrah, Maurice W 119 

Ferris, Israel W 339 

First, Samuel 116 

Fisher, Peter 117 

Fisher, William F 118 

Fitch, John A 853 

Flint. Elmer E 4/7 

Fogelsong, Charles E 120 

Foote, Charles S 121 

Ford, W. Irving 122 

Forsyth, James E 123 

Fraver, William H 12i 

Frensdorf, Edward 794 

Freytag, J. Fred 124 

Fullei', Guy P 529 

G 

Gahagan, .James 769 

Gallup, Franklin 466 

Gambee, Jacob C 732 

Ganun, Xathan 125 

Gaumer, Amos A 428 

Gaumer, Charles P 833 

Gerlach. George H.. V. S 390 

Gibford. Edward B 126 

Gibson, David M 130 

Gillespie, Garland R 128 

Gillespie, Richard B 112 

Gillis, Arthur H 360 

Gimbert, Thomas 128 

Gimbert. William 129 

Gippert, Fred G 877 

Goff. Leslie T 144 

Goff. Walter S 160 

Golieen. John V 614 

Goodnow, George S 662 

Gould, Charles F 827 

Gould. George 430 

Gould. John 765 

Gove, Charles M 379 

Gove, Frank N J 699 

Gove. Freeman H 131 

Grabner, Andrew 509 

Gragg, Peter B 630 

Green. James H 467 

Green. William 727 

Greene. Julia Porter, M. D 176 

Greenleaf. Hobart H 702 

Greenwald. John G 697 

Gritnth, Orson D 133 

Grinnell, George 134 

Gunsolus, John W 860 

Gust, G. William 135 

H 

Hafer. John 488 

Hagerman. John C 298 

Haidle, Charles J 138 

Hale. Frank V.. D. 675 

Halev. Thomas 361 

Hall. Willis 137 

Halladav. Cebert M 617 

Hand. Edward P 1 40 

Hand, Horace A 634 

Hardy, Clinton D 452 

Harmon, James 756 

Harrington, Daniel B 141 

Harris, ^Vessel D 719 

Harris, William H 720 

Harrison. LaVerne C 142 

Harsh, James A 353 

Hartley, Alvin C 504 

Harwood, Lyman W 829 

Hatch, James D 647 

Hatch, Richard 867 

Hatch, Samuel 645 

Hawks, Erastus S 448 

Hayden. Levi C 208 

Hayward, Henry 321 

Hayw^ard. Ralph B 767 

Hazlett. Mary A 564 

Heath, Celestus B 731 



INDEX 



Xlll 



Heckert, George W 143 

Heckert, John W 145 

Heesen, Rudolph A 146 

Heffron, Thomas 485 

Helme, James W 451 

Hendershot, Elmer E 143 

Hendershot, James B 334 

Hendershot, Robert 757 

Hendershot, Roscoe C 625 

Henig, Frederick J 147 

Hensel, Michael W 560 

Hervey, William H 745 

Heyn, Rev. Herman B. E 148 

Hile, Nicholas V 150 

Hittle, Lloyd B 604 

Hochradel, Michael J 405 

Holdridge, Clarence E 812 

Holdridge, Horace 812 

Holdway, Edward 151 

HoUoway, George R 152 

Holloway, Kenneth G 154 

Holt, James C 682 

Holt, Oliver H 315 

Hood, Irving A 819 

Horton, George B 790 

Howe, William 154 

Howell, Jared A 155 

Howell, Seymour 640 

Howell, William F 156 

Howes, Isaac 516 

Howland, Dr. Frank A 157 

Howland, Jonathan 301 

Howland, Jonathan, Jr 157 

Hoxie, Albert 799 

Hoxie, Vernon 798 

Huff, George R 770 

Hughes, Fred E. .' 162 

Hunt, John L 740 

Hunt, William 159 

Hunter, James A 650 

Hurry, Barzillai 164 

Huyck, Allen N 508 

Hyde, Charles C, M. D 374 

Hyde, Elbridge H 573 

I 

Iffland, John C 749 

Ingalls, Charles S 407 

J 

Jackson, Nathaniel 165 

Jackson, Samuel 166 

Jackson, Thomas 707 

James, Alfred 167 

Jenkins, B. M., M. D 537 

Jenkins, John F., M. D 590 

Johnson, Lyman E 391 

Johnson, Otto E 168 

Jones, George N 169 

Jones, Leonidas M., M. D 170 

Jones, Oliver Q., M. D 170 

Jones, Wade L 172 

Joslin, Theodore M ^528 

Joughin, James S59 

Judson, Clarence E 173 

K 

Keeley, Patrick 500 

Keister, TVilliam E 679 

Kelley, William H. H 744 

Kellogg, Frank D 174 

Kempf, George 637 

Kempf, George J 176 

Kent, Richard 861 

Kerr, Charles A 784 

Kerr, William J. . .' 175 

Kies, George A 344 

Kies, James E 655 

Kimball, Sidney 732 

King, David 178 

King, Thomas D 192 

Kinney, Clarence C 413 



Kinney, Frank A 424 

Kirkpatrick, Clifford, M. D 293 

Kishpaugh, Peter 599 

Kline, Fred B 549 

Knapp, John 1 672 

Knight, Grandville 851 

Knight, Myron E 347 

Kolkloesch, Fred G 179 

Koon, Frank A 773 

Krumling, Henry A., M. D 180 

Kuder, Almon 629 

L. 

Ladd, Hugh R 289 

LaFi-augh, Wellington J 801 

Lamb, John M 182 

Lamb Wire Fence Company 181 

Lamley, David 184 

Lancaster, George H 613 

Lards, Charles H., M. D 382 

La Rowe, A. Clair 389 

Lawrence, Calvin A 768 

Lawrenson, Lawrence 548 

Lehr, Frank A 185 

Lentz, Henry C 183 

Leute, William 186 

Lewis, Alonzo 551 

Lewis, Ladd J 871 

Lewis, Parmenas, W 224 

Lindsay, George H 487 

Lindsley, George C 598 

Lilley, Lucius 656 

Linger, Rufus M 834 

Loar, David N 187 

Look, John Q 188 

Loonam, John 502 

Lowe, Coonrod L 608 

Loyster, Herbert E 666 

Luce, Henry T 586 

M 

McAllaster, Wallace 190 

McCarbery, Henry, Sr 639 

McCarberv, .James 642 

McCarbery, William 638 

McClenathen, William E 191 

McCombs, John 616 

McCrillis, O. J 844 

McGuffle, Mazzini F 195 

Mclntyre, John A 193 

McLouth, Julius J 518 

McPhail, John, Jr 198 

McWilliams, David 627 

Macham, Earl F 189 

Mallory, Orin T 193 

Mann, Albert 520 

Mark, James 611 

Marr, Thomas 725 

Marsh, .Tohn J 366 

Marshall, George H 712 

Mason, John E 472 

Meech, Peter L 831 

Mellott, Howard S 240 

Merillat, Moses 366 

Merritt, Adelbert , 870 

Merritt, William H 362 

Metcalf, John 436 

Miller, Albert E 363 

Miller, Capt. Charles R 256 

Miller, George W 761 

Miller, James F 836 

Miller, Peter 511 

Mills, Isaac C 750 

Mills, Rolf e A 753 

Miner, Daniel C 373 

Mitchell, Jacob 196 

Mitchell, Robert S 342 

Moore, Daniel R 522 

Morgan, Dayton B 350 

Morley, James C 724 

Morse, Edgar §69 

Muck, Henry 709 

Murphy, Andrew S 628 



XIV 



INDEX 



Murphy. John. D. V. D 199 

Murphy, Thomas ^»' 

Murphy. William T fi07 

Murray. John W 1 »» 

Mutschler, Delbert ^"] 

Myers, Daniel *^"* 

N 

Nash, Joseph 31 1 

N'icholson. Willard 44J 

Xickerson. Ira S. . . :J'" 

Xorcross. Eugene C -"" 

North. Lucian G.. M. D 205 

Northrup. James R 49i 

Norton, Carleton L, *"" 

Nutten. Fred ^'*^ 

O 

Older. Henry L.. M. D 202 

O-Neill. Philip J ^''° 

Onsted, B. A i^l 

Onsted. John '°l 

Onweller, Leroy °^* 

Onweller, Oliver 40b 

Onweller. William ^|" 

Osborn, Homer H ^ '^ 

Osborne, John A »4^ 

Osborne, John W - ' -j 

Osborne, Joseph W o4J 

Oswald, Leo J.t '"4 

Overton, Aaron R oi* 

P 

Page, J. Wallace ^86 

Page Woven Wire Fence Company 21 S 

Palmer, George 207 

Palmer. John V. B 2Sb 

J'ardee, Marvin J ol^ 

Pardee, Melvin J 60b 

Parker, Warren J 856 

Pearson, Edward S 'l-^ 

Peck, Allen 460 

Pegg, Huron D 36o 

Pence. Albert J i4S 

Pennin.^ton. .John M 7o5 

Pennington. John W -^l^ 

Pentlow. Frank A 220 

Perrv. Edgar A 483 

Perry, Stuart H 4.52 

Petersen, Rclnhardt 65o 

Phillips, William 30S 

Philpott. Jay G 212 

Pickford. John J S20 

Pixlf-y. Hezokiah H 668 

Piatt. Charles H 221 

Pocklington. William A 633 

Pope. Dion H 223 

Porter, George Ij 225 

Porter, Samuel S 222 

Porter, Walter S 227 

Poucher, Elmer R 821 

Powell, Joseph E ?.13 

Power, Robert ?!04 

Pullman, Jerome SIS 

Putnam. Elmer E 811 

R 

Randall. Bvron 596 

Randall. Clinton E 494 

Ttandall. Thomas E 228 

Itallenhnrv. .lolm SIO 

Reattoire. Albert IT 230 

Reed, Marshall 788 

Remil. Louis 524 

Rennison. William T 516 

Rent-/.. John 320 

Revnolds, Beniamin F 324 

Rhead. Dewey W fi03 

Rice, Darius 309 

Rlchter, Paul R 230 

Riddle, Fred L 652 



Roach, Harva T 229 

Robertson. Leslie B 338 

Roesch, Andrew 231 

Roff, Herbert D 232 

Rogers, James H 723 

Rogers, Jay R 469 

Rogers, John C oj^ 

Rogers, Robert L 544 

Rogers, William, Sr 49^ 

Rohrbach. Henry j^^ 

Romele. WMlliam M 402 

Rorick, Casper M 82b 

Rorick, George H 4^1 

Rothf uss, William 234 

Rowlson, Fred '03 

RuofE, Martin 715 

Russell, Joseph 332 

Russell, Thomas, Tecumseh tp. . . . 319 

Russell, Thomas, Macon tp 644 

Ryan. John W 864 

S 

Sammis, T\niite W 236 

Sanford, Wardel W 708 

Saunders, P'rederick A 536 

Sawyer, George 336 

Sawyer, Holloway 236 

Saxton, Frank S 237 

Savers, George 854 

Schiebel, Frank 848 

Schiebel, Leonard 850 

Schneider, Fred C 343 

Schneirla, Christian and Regina. . 340 

Sclioonover, Moses 459 

Schreder, John F 559 

Schreder, Willis G 580 

Schultz, Louis J 239 

Schuyler, George W 779 

Sebring, Edgar M 823 

Seeberger, John J 533 

Seeley, Ira A 461 

Seger, Fred R., M. D 352 

Sell, John W 241 

Selleck. Elbert L 568 

Shannon. Forest J 741 

Shaw. Hartwell J 314 

Sheeler. George W 782 

Sherman. .John B 238 

Shoemaker, William F 437 

Shull, John D 242 

Shulters, Dece D 420 

Sickles, Mrs. Lucy M 684 

Simmons, Ezra 734 

Sims, Robert N 457 

Skinner, Frank M 780 

Slater, Earl W 371 

Smalley. Arthur 243 

Smith, Carl P 513 

Smith, Charles H 244 

Smith, Charles L 245 

Smitli, Edwin A 766 

Smith. Mrs. Eva M 249 

Smith. George II 776 

Smith. Frank D 305 

Smith, George U 368 

Smith. Joseph H 246 

Smith, William H 701 

Snell, Philip C 250 

Snow, Fred J 378 

Snyder, John H 412 

Southworth, Alexander P 685 

Spear, Clinton L 419 

Si)ielman, Peter R 803 

Spooner. John B 410 

Stadler. Leonard 247 

Staup, James M 505 

Stearns, Fred E 248 

Stearns, Willard • 17 

Stevenson, Rufus W 838 

Steves. Frank C 726 

Steward. John F 535 

Stewart. Albert J 251 

Stoner, Wilfred M., D. D. S 252 

Stout, Read A 489 



INDEX 



XV 



Strong, John S 585 

Swartout, Homer L 77 4 

Swartout, James f»'^ 

Swarts, Hiram N 425 

T 

Taf t, Howard B., Rev 694 

Tayer, Frederick S 816 

Tayer. Perry E., M. D 253 

Teachout, Fred D 253 

Temple, Frank J 572 

Temple, John S 589 

Ten Biook, Judson B 375 

Tennev. George W 705 

Thiell. Charles H 542 

Thieme, Fernando D 259 

Thompson, Elmer L. 260 

Thorn, James B 263 

Tietz, George W 254 

Tillotson, William 476 

Todd, Daniel. M. D 255 

Towne, Lorenzo S., M. D 569 

Treat, David L., M. D 2fil 

Tripp, George J 394 

Tufts, Charles L 443 

Turbett, Samuel 475 

Turner, Amax.iah 696 

Turner, Carlton X 576 

Turner, Henry F 501 

Turrell. Leroy 718 

Tuttle, Oramon 453 

U 
Underliill. Joseph B 879 



Vail, Hiram J 474 

Van Auken, I^eroy 479 

Van Doren, Chester C 262 

Van Fleet. Pliny 384 

Van Sickle, Andrew J 417 

Van Tuyle, Jolm A 603 

Van Valkenburg, Amenzo 380 

Van Vleet. Edgar C 330 

Van Vorce, Charles C 433 

Vedder, Loren 297 

Vetter, John M 266 

Vogt. Louis 267 

W 

Wakefield, Charles C 400 

Waldron. Lewis M 587 

Walker. John A 265 

Walper. John 512 



Walper, John J 763 

Washburn, Ezra A 269 

Washburn, Martin E 316 

Washburn, Norman B 267 

Waterman, Ira 270 

Webb, George 273 

Wegner, "William F 762 

Weller. Horace 582 

West. Wither 274 

Wheeler, Archie T 571 

Wheeler, Barney H 3 49 

Wheeler, Clarence R 300 

Whelan, Ervin J 337 

Whitbeck, George W 670 

White, John 372 

Whitmarsh, Franklin C 271 

Whitmore. Ancil K 863 

Wickter, Louis 277 

Wightman, .lames W 577 

Wilher, Henry H.. M. D 275 

Wilcox, Charles G 526 

Wilcox, Horace 721 

Willbee, Frank E 278 

Willett, Frank J 832 

Williams, Alfred H 279 

Williamson, Charles E 578 

Willits, Darius C 480 

Wilson, Edwin M 563 

Wilson, Frank A 722 

Wilson, George S 620 

Wilson. Horatio L 432 

Wilson, Roscoe 624 

280 



Wilt, George W 

Winne, Charle B 

Winte, Henry D 

Withington, Sherman 



S. 



281 
875 
797 



Wirt, Henry J 416 

Wolcott, George E 396 

Wolf. William G 414 

Wood, Arthur F 704 

V^^ood. Frederick B 282 

Woodward, David 601 

Woolsey, Rodolph A 283 



Yeagley. John D 678 

Yoke, Albert J 691 

Youngs, Edwin 680 

Fayette C 470 



Youngs, 
Youngs, 



C. 
Z 



Zepernick, Hanson 284 

Zimmerman. John 285 

Zumstein, Jacob 306 



LIST OF PORTRAITS, W^ITH SKETCHES AS INDEXED. 



Andrews, Frank E. 
Atwell. Conrad. 
Avis, George F. 
Baker, Vincent A. 
Baker, Mrs. Vincent A. 
Bishop, Fletcher .J. 
Burnham. William H. 
Cannon. .Tames. 
Cannon. Mrs. James. 
Caulkins, Jarvis. 
Caulkins, Mrs. .Tarvis. 
Cherry, John M. 
Clav, Frank W. 
Clay. Mis. Frank W. 
Colvin. Hervey A. 
Cook, Walter E. 
Eccles. Rosingrave M. 
Gillespie, Richard B. 
Gillespie. Mrs. Richard 
Goff, Leslie T. 
Goff, "W^alter S. 
Greene, Dr. Julia P. 
Hawks, Erastus Sheldon. 
Hayden, Levi C. 
Hensel, Michael Wesley. 
Howell. Seymour. 
Howell, Mrs. Seymour. 
Joslin. Theodore M. 
King. Thomas D. 



B. 



Knapp. .lohn Ingersoll. 
Lewis, Mrs. Carrie A. 
Lewis, Parmenas W. 
Lilley, Lucius. 
Lowe. Coonrod T.,. 
Lowe. Mrs. Coonrod L. 
Mellott, Howard S. 
Miller. Charles Rollin. 
Miller, Mrs. Anna. 
Miller Residence. 
Osborne, John Warren. 
Palmer, John V. B. 
Power, Robert. 
Rentz, John. 
Rogers, Robert L. 
Rogers. Susan A. 
Sawyer. George. 
Seger. Fred R. 
Stearns, Willard. 
Turner. Carleton 
Van Fleet, Pliny 
Van Fleet, Mrs 
Wakefield, Charles C 
Walper, John. 
Willitts, Darius 
Wilson, Horatio 
Wilson, Roscoe. 
Wirt. Henry .1. 
Wirt, Clara A. 



N. 
O. 
Pliny 



C. 
L. 



O. 



MEMOIRS OF 

LENAWEE COUNTY 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



Hon. Willard Stearns, deceased, was one of the conspicuous 
members of the legal f raternit}- of Lenawee county, -and through- 
out a period of twenty-seven years he was connected with the news- 
paper circles of Adrian as the editor of the Adrian Press. He 
achieved distinction in both professions, and especially as an edi- 
tor did he gain more than a state-wide reputation, being recognized 
as a profound and able writer, and every issue of his paper bore a 
message from his vigorous brain to his many expectant readers. 
Mr. Stearns came to Lenawee county in 1851, from Cherry V^alley, 
N. Y., where he was born Oct. 3, 1838, the second son of Willard 
and Lucinda Stearns. His father had died in the July preceding 
his birth, leaving the young wife to battle alone along life's journey, 
and to a loving mother's devoted care and training was due the 
son's education and much of his success in after life. In 185 1 the 
mother married Henry Bowen, Sr., and at once came with her hus- 
band to his home in Franklin township, Lenawee county. There 
Willard Stearns passed his youthful days upon a farm until he was 
eighteen years old, when he taught his first school in the Sebring 
district in Ogden township. L^p to this time his education had 
been secured by attendance at the district schools three months in 
the year, but after he commenced his career as a teacher the way 
was opened for further advancement in scholastic lines. In the 
spring of 1858 he entered the State Normal School, and after dili- 
gently pursuing the prescribed course of study he graduated in 
that institution with the class of 1862. The Civil war was then in 
progress, and the patriotic feelings of Mr. Stearns being aroused, 
he entered the army in Jul3% 1863. He enlisted in Company H. of 
the Eleventh Michigan cavalrv, was mustered in as lirst lieutenant 
of the company, and in December left the state with his command 
for Kentucky, where the regiment was engaged in scouting during 
February and March. Lieutenant Stearns remained in the service 
until the winter of 1884, when he resigned, and shortly after his 

2-2V 



l8 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

return from the front he was secured to teach the district school 
in the Payne district, two miles north of Rome Center. He had 
decided upon the profession of law for his future career, and after 
due preparation he matriculated at the University of Michigan, in 
the law department of which he was graduated with the class of 
1867. That same year he located in the city of Adrian, where he 
ever afterward resided, and he at once formed a partnership with 
Ex-Gov. A\'. L. Greenly, which association was continued until the 
death of the latter. In 1871 Air. Stearns became the candidate of 
the Democratic party for the office of superintendent of schools of 
Lenawee county, and after a most vigorous canvass he was elected 
over his Republican competitor by a majority of ten votes in a 
total of over 8,000. The result of this election becomes all the more 
significant when the fact is stated that this was the first time in 
twenty years that a Democrat had been elected to a couny office in 
Lenawee couny. In 1872 Mr. Stearns received the Democratic nom- 
ination for the office of state superintendent of public instruction, 
and in 1876 he was on the ticket as a candidate for secretary of 
state, but his party being greatly in the minority in Michigan he 
went down in defeat with the remainder of the ticket on both oc- 
casions. He was elected justice of the peace in 1875, and he served 
twelve years on the city council of Adrian. When his party se- 
cured the ascendancy in the nation in 1885, President Cleveland ap- 
pointed him postmaster at Adrian, a position which he honored for 
a period of five years, surrendering the position onl}- when it was 
given to another in obedience to the edict, "To the victors belong 
the spoils." In 1888 he was the Democratic nominee for Congress, 
and he made the most vigorous campaign ever witnessed in the 
district, but notwithstanding the fact that he received more votes 
than had ever before been cast for a candidate for Congressional 
honors by eitlier party in the district, the opposition vote was also 
largely increased and he was defeated by Captain Allen, of Ypsi- 
lanti. In 1898 Mr. Stearns made an unsuccessful race for the office 
of circuit judge, and the following spring he w^as elected mayor of 
the city of Adrian. So successful and satisfactory w^as his admin- 
istration of municipal affairs that he \vas re-elected in 1900, and as 
a candidate for a third term, in 1901. he was defeated by only eighty- 
three votes, notwithstanding the fact that the normal Republican 
majority in the city was about 300. His interest in ])olitical and 
other affairs of a public nature induced him to enter the field of 
journalism, and in 1878 he purchased and assumed control of the 
Adrian Press. Almost immediately he took high rank as an edi- 
torial writer, and for more than a quarter of a century he conducted 
one of the most vigorous Democratic papers in the state of Michi- 
gan, his editorial utterances being widely copied and commented 
upon. Fearless in the expression of his views and thoroughlv 
posted upon the issues under consideration, he hewed to the line 
of his honest convictions and gave but little attention to the direc- 
tion in which the chips flew. Admired by his friends and respected 
by his foes in political contests, in the other affairs of life the ver- 
dict as to his hr.nor, integrity and usefulness as a citizen was 



BIOGRAPHICAL I9 

unanimous. He continued to publish The Press until April i, 1905, 
when he sold the plant and good will, and thereafter devoted his 
attention to the practice of law. He died in the closing days of 
December, 1908', deeply mourned by a circle of friends that extend- 
ed far beyond the confines of Lenawee county. Aside from his 
public career he gave considerable attention to fraternal matters, 
as is evidenced by the fact that he served as master of Greenly 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; noble grand of Adrian Lodge, 
No. 8, Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; commander of Wood- 
bury Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and as chancellor com- 
mander of Maple City Lodge, No. 39, Knights of Pythias. On May 
5, 1868, Mr. Stearns was married to Martha E. Porter, in Batavia, 
Mich., and to them were born four children: Harry P., Frances L., 
A^irginia and Jennie. 

Samuel Ackley, who has been a resident of Lenawee county 
since 1886, was born in the state of New York, Jan. 3, 1831, the son 
of Jonathan M. and Rhoda A. (Reynolds) Ackley. The parents 
removed to ^Medina county. Ohio, in 1840. and lived on a farm 
which the father had purchased until 1856, when they came to 
Michigan and located on an unimproved farm in Blissfield town- 
ship. This remained their home during the balance of their lives, 
the father's death occurring in September, 1881, and the mother's 
on Feb. 14, 1891. Seven children were born to the parents: Joseph 
died May 11, 1904; Susan (Ackley) Young now lives in Deerfield 
township; Conrad died Oct. 28, 1907; Gilbert lives in Deerfield 
village, and Charles and Jonathan live in Adrian. Samuel Ackley 
received his elementary education in the schools of the Empire 
state and finished his scholastic training with a course in the 
district schools of Medina county, Ohio. For about a year imme- 
diately thereafter he assisted his father in the conduct of the 
farm and then removed to New York, where he continued his 
residence for a period of five years. At the end of that time he 
returned to Ohio, but a year later again went to the Empire state. 
There he enlisted in Company G. One Hundred and Forty-first New 
York infantry, and saw active service with that regiment for a pe- 
riod of three years. After the cessation of hostilities he returned to 
Wood county, Ohio, and was there engaged in farming until 1886, 
when he determined to remove to Lenawee county. He located on 
the farm he now occupies and has been most successfully and lucra- 
tively engaged in his calling ever since. In the matter of politics 
he has been allied with the Republican party ever since its incep- 
tion, but the only ofBce of public trust which he has ever held 
has been that of school director, in which he served several years. 
Mr. Ackley has been married three times. His first union was 
to Miss Fannie M. Punches, daughter of Samuel and Fannie 
(Talbott) Punches, in Steuben county. New York, in 1852. 
Four children were the issue of this union, namely Jarvis, who 
died at the age of seven; Antoinette, who died at the age of 
five; Willard, who died in infancy, and Charlotte M. (Acklev) 
Martin, now living in New York state. The first wife died in 
1864 and in August. 1865, Mr. Ackley married Aliss Sarah J. Lee, 



20 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the daughter of George and Sarah Lee. Four children were born 
to this second marriage. Edith (Ackley) Stickles lives in Wood 
countv, Ohio; Frank is a barber in Cement City, Mich.; Nora 
(Ackley) Twining died Dec. 25, 1891 ; and Winifred (Ackley) 
Harris died in 1898. Mr. Ackley's third marriage occurred at 
Bowling Green, Ohio, June 21, 1881, to Miss Phoebe A. Lee, born 
Aug. 23, 1850, the daughter of Thomas and Mary J. Lee. Mr. Lee 
died on March 23, 1891, and his wife on Sept. 10, 1883. Two chil- 
dren were the issue of this third marriage, Elza L., born Jan. 25, 
1883, and Grace M., born Sept. 9, 1890. Elza L. married Miss 
Myrtle Lincoln and is a farmer in Adrian township. 

Dr. Josiah D. Alverson, the- only veterinary dentist in the city 
of Adrian, was born in the township of Wheatland, Hillsdale 
county, May i, 1844. He is the son of David and Sally 
Phenelia ( Alvord) Alverson, both born in the Empire State, where 
they were married prior to their removal to Hillsdale county in 
1835. The father was a currier and shoemaker by vocation, but 
after his removal to Lenawee county followed agricultural pur- 
suits to the exclusion of all else. He was one of the "Forty- 
niners" who became imbued with the fever for gold that swept 
the country about 1849 ^^^ went to California. He returned within 
two years and rejoined his family, which had meantime moved to 
Lenawee county. Both the father and mother died on the farm. 
Of the four sons and three daughters born to the parents Dr. 
Alverson is the only one now living in this county. He received 
his early educational advantages in the district schools of Madi- 
son township and while still a young man became interested in 
railroading. For ten years he was a resident of Canada, going 
to that country when the Canadian Southern railroad was being 
built. Altogether he has served twenty-five years in the employ 
of railway companies, most of the time as a conductor on freight 
and passenger trains. In 1886 he began the practice of veterinary 
dentistry after finishing a course in the Chicago Veterinary Dental 
School. During the first few years of his practice he traveled 
through different counties and states, but of late years his home 
practice has grown to such an extent that it has become necessary 
for him to remain at home and devote his time to his local work. 
During the Civil war Dr. Alverson was a private in Company I 
of the Eighteenth Michigan infantry and rendered distinguished 
and valorous service for nearly three years. One especial act of 
bravery and presence of mind stamped him as a man of unusual 
courage and coolness. His company was detailed to guard a 
trainload of Confederate prisoners being carried from Decatur, 
Ala., to Louisville, Ky. From his position as guard on board the 
locomotive with William Jordan, of Tecumseh, Dr. Alverson saw a 
trestle which the train was about to cross was in flames. Failing 
to attract the attention of the engineer, who was unable to see the 
danger, Dr. Alverson instantly shut ofif the steam and stopped the 
train within a few feet of the trestle. On examination it was found 
that a section of the structure, about thirty feet in length, had been 
fired by the enemy and had the train struck it, it would have meant 



BIOGRAPHICAL 21 

a disastrous wreck with a heavy loss of life. In the matter of 
politics Dr. Alverson is allied with the Republican party, and as 
a fitting reward for his work in behalf of the organization he was 
appointed deputy game warden some years ago. Fraternally he 
is allied with the Godfrey De Bullion commandery of the Knights 
Templars at Hamilton, Canada, and with Woodbury post, No. 45, 
Grand Army of the Republic. While engaged in railroading he 
was a member of the Brotherhood of Railroad Conductors. On 
May 26, 1869, Dr. Alverson was united in marriage to Miss Aura 
A. Myers, of Fairfield township, the daughter of the late Samuel 
and Elizabeth Myers. Seven children were born to this imion, 
namely: Norman C, of Dover township; Florence E., at home; 
Kittie C, the wife of James S. Fuller, of Palmyra township ; Ray- 
mond S., married and residing in Monroe, Mich. ; Grace M., now 
Mrs. M. S. Martin, of Illinois; Charles O., and Mabel A., at home. 
The eldest was born in Madison township, the next four in Canada, 
and the two youngest in Adrian. 

Verne C. Amberson, a prominent young attorney of Lenawee 
county and a resident of Blissfield, was born in Ogden township 
of that county on June 5, 1883. He is the son of Clarence and 
Nettie (Porter) Amberson, the former born in Butler county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1857, and the latter in Tucker county, West Virginia, 
in 1863. The parents located in Ogden township when quite 
young and there for many years the father was engaged as a 
school teacher. At the present time he is engaged in a clerical 
capacity in the Stadleman Hardware Company's store in Blissfield. 
Two children were born to the parents, the younger of whom. 
Goldia (Amberson) Driscoll, lives in Hudson, where her husband 
is a farmer. Verne C. Amberson received his preliminary educa- 
tion in the Blissfield schools and then went to Adrian, where he was 
graduated in the high school in the class of 1900. Shortly after- 
ward he matriculated in the literary department of the University 
of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and after he had completed two years 
of study in that department he entered the law course. In 1907 
the regents of the institution granted him the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws, when he returned to Blissfield and opened an office over 
the Blissfield State Bank, for the practice of his profession. 
Although he has been engaged but a comparatively short time he 
has a fine clientage and gives promise of becoming one of the legal 
lights of the county. In his political relations he is allied with the 
Democratic party and in the fall of 1908 was the candidate of his 
party for the office of prosecuting attorney, but with the rest of the 
ticket went down in defeat after a hard fought campaign. He now 
holds the office of village clerk. Besides his law practice, Mr. 
Amberson is the agent for one of the large fire insurance concerns 
and does a lucrative business in that line. While in college he 
became a member of Delta Sigma Rho fraternity. He is also 
prominentlv identified with the National Grange, Blissfield lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the encampment, and the 
Daughters of Rebekah. Mr. Amberson has a wide circle of friends 
who predict for him a brilliant future in his chosen profession. 



22 MEMOIRS OF LEX A WEE COUNTY 

John B. Amphlett, the efficient and genial proprietor of the 
Emporium Department Store at 29 South Main street, Adrian, 
was bom at Akron. Ohio, on Feb. 16, 1858, a son of Thomas L. 
and Ann (Owen) Amphlett. The father was born in Clockrville, 
Madison county. New York, and the mother was born in Wales, 
coming to the United States %\-ith her parents when but ten years 
of age. The parents were married in Akron and now are living 
retired at Xapoleon, Mich., in the old homestead. During his 
active life the father was a well-known maker of pottery^ For 
about a year and a half the parents made their home in Adrian, but 
some tw^o years ago removed to Xapoleon to occupy the house 
which the grandfather had built. Six sons were bom to the par- 
ents, two of whom died in infancy and are buried at Jackson, Mich. 
The eldest son, William O., has been clerk of the circuit court of 
Marshall county. South Dakota, for twenty years. Thomas G. 
and Fred J. are both druggists, the former in Chicago and the 
latter at Apacha. Okla. John B. Amphlett, the subject of this 
review, received his educational advantages in the public schools 
of Jackson and Ionia, Mich. His start in business life was made 
with his father, from whom he learned the pottery trade in Ionia, 
and when the family removed to South Dakota he was for eight 
years engaged in the general mercantile business with his parent, 
dealing also in coal, farm implements and other commodities. In 
1890 Mr. Amphlett removed to Chicago, where for fourteen years 
at different periods he conducted a drug and a grocery business, 
the former on the south side of the city and the latter at Rogers 
Park. He dates his residence in Adrian from October, 1904, when 
he opened up John's 5 and 10 cent store on West Maumee street, 
where the Crescent theatre now stands. This continued to be his 
place of business for twenty-six months, and by the end of that 
time his business had grown to such dimensions as to require 
more commodious quarters. In December. 1906, he removed to 
his present location at No. 29 South Main street, changing the 
name of his store at the same time to the Emporium Department 
Store. The establishment now occupies the first floor and base- 
ment of the building and altogether has a floor space of sixty by 
two hundred feet. In his political belief Mr. Amphlett is a Repub- 
lican but has never sought political preferment for himself. He 
has been twice married. On Oct. i. 1879. occurred his marriage to 
Miss Lillian Boyd of Erie, Pa. Three children were the issue of 
this union, one of whom died in infancy. Clair, the elder, now 
twenty-five years of age, is manager of his fathers store; and 
Louis, now eighteen years old, is studying pharmacy under his 
uncle. Thomas, at Sixty-third street and Stony Island avenue, 
Chicago. Mrs. Amphlett died in 1900. On Oct. 23, 1904. Mr. 
Amphlett was united to Miss Agnes G. Strickland, of Chicago. Mr. 
Amphlett's present place of business is the old postoffice building. 
which was occupied by the government for twenty-five vears. 
His home is at Xo. 26 Dennis street. 

Andrew Anderson, the genial secretary and treasurer of the 
Maple City Granite Company, Incorporated, of Adrian, was born 



BIOGRAPHICAL 23 

in Sweden on Xov. i6. 1863. His parents both died in their native 
land, but he has two brothers, Ole and Pher, living in Concord, 
X. H.; a sister, Mrs. John Swenson, whose husband is a quarrv 
owner and manufacturer of Concord, and another sister. Mrs. 
Charles Bynum, of Denver, Colo., whose husband is a plumber. 
After the completion of his scholastic training in the old country, 
Mr. Anderson came to America in 1883, landing in Quebec and 
proceeding thence to Concord. X. H., where he labored for six 
years in learning the trade of marble cutting. For a time there- 
after he traveled extensively all over the United States working at 
his trade and then located at Denver, Colo., in the monument 
business as a member of the firm known as the Home Industry 
Granite Company. After he had been successfully engaged there 
for six years he accepted an offer made by his brother, Ole Ander- 
son, to return to Concord and take charge of the force of seventy- 
five men employed by the brother in the granite business. The 
environment was not congenial to his family, however, and Mr. 
Anderson became traveling salesman for his brother, meantime 
casting about for some other location. While stopping at Adrian 
to sell to the dealers he became acquainted with Mr. Johnson and 
Mr. Walker and with them established the Maple City Granite 
Company, which is spoken of more extensively in the sketch of 
the president, Mr. Otto E. Johnson. Mr. Anderson is now secre- 
tary and treasurer of the concern and has come to be regarded as 
one of the leading citizens of Adrian. Although he has been a 
staunch supporter of the Republican party ever since he became a 
citizen he has never sought to become its candidate for an}- public 
office. Although he was reared in the Lutheran faith, he has since 
abandoned that church and worships at the Episcopal church. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and the \\ oodmen of the World. \\'hile a resident of Denver, 
Mr. Anderson was united in marriage to Miss Hannah Hanson, 
and to this union were born (in Denver) two children, Alice G. 
and Albert M. Mr. Anderson owns his home at 85 Broad street. 

Erwin B. Anderson. — The name borne b}^ the subject of this 
brief sketch has been long and prominently identified with the 
business interests of the village of Tecumseh, where his father 
engaged in the merchandise trade many years ago. Erwin B. was 
reared to this line of enterprise and is now associated with his 
brothers in carrying forward most successfully the business of 
which their father was the founder. The sons are well upholding 
the prestige of an honored name and are known as progressive, 
liberal and reliable business men and as loyal and public-spirited 
citizens. Erwin B. Anderson was born in Tecumseh, Sept. 4, 1854, 
and is a son of Albert Anderson, of whom more specific mention 
is made in the sketch of the life of an elder son, S. W. Anderson, 
on other pages of this work. Erwin B. /\nderson was afforded the 
advantages of the public schools of his native village and com- 
pleted a course in the high school. At the age of fifteen years 
he initiated his experience in connection with the practical affairs 
of life, bv becoming a clerk in his father's store. He duly profited 



24 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

bv the discipline gained and eventually he and his brothers were 
admitted to partnership with their father. He assumed this rela- 
tion in 1880 and thereafter the firm was known as Anderson & 
Sons until 1888, when the sons purchased their father's interest 
and assumed full control of the large and prosperous business, 
which has since been conducted under the firm title of Anderson 
Bros. Somewhat more definite information concerning the enter- 
prise may be found in the previously mentioned sketch of the 
career of S. W. Anderson. In politics Mr. Anderson maintains 
an independent attitude, exercising his franchise in support of the 
men and measures which meet the approval of his judgment, and 
he takes a lively interest in all that tends to conserve the progress 
and business precedence of his native place. He is a member of the 
Presbyterian church and is a bachelor. 

Frank E. Andrews, M. D., one of the prominent medical prac- 
titioners of Adrian, was born in that city on Jan. 25, 1857. He is 
the son of Dr. Edwin P. and Sarah (Wisner) Andrews, the former 
born in the town of Plymouth, Wayne county, Michigan, Aug. 5, 
1826, and the latter in the town of Castile, N. Y., on Aug. 20, 1832. 
The father came to Lenawee county first with his parents in 1844, 
and located in Fairfield township, where the grandfather had en- 
tered 160 acres of land under the homestead law, the deed and pat- 
ent to which is still in the possession of the subject of this review 
and is signed by President Andrew Jackson. Dr. Edwin P. An- 
drews began the study of his profession in this county w^ith Drs. 
Graham and Decker and received his degree from the Starjing 
Medical College, of Columbus, Ohio, in 1850, and the same year 
began his practice in Lenawee county, which continued until his 
demise in 1894. The maternal grandfather. Rev. Willi^^m G. \\'is- 
ner, was a minister of the Gospel of the Baptist denomination and 
for many years was pastor at Rome ; his demise occurred in 1887, 
in his eighty-seventh year. Paternally, Dr. Andrews is the direct 
descendant of a family that left Wales in 1760 for the new^ w'orld ; 
on the maternal side an ancestor, Lieutenant Wisner. migrated to 
this country from Holland in 1740. The mother and father came 
to Adrian just a year after the latter began his professional career 
and lived on the same lot at the corner of Dallas and South Winter 
streets during the remainder of their lives. Five sons were born 
to the parents, two of whom, Edwin and Clarence, the first and 
third in order of birth, are now deceased. The survivors are the 
Doctor, Fred B., in the drug business in Adrian, and Harry W., of 
San Francisco, Cal. During the time of the Civil war the father 
was one of the examining surgeons for admission to the army and 
later was a pension examiner. After completing his preliminarv 
educational training Dr. Andrews accepted a clerical position in 
the drug store of J. V. De Foe. in 1872. and later in the same year 
was tendered and accepted a similar position with Crane & Live- 
sey, whose place of business was located where King's drug store 
now stands. After a few years he entered the pharmacy depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, but subsequent- 
ly changed to the medical course in which he graduated in the 



TKE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASrO?;, LF.NO.r AND 

TILDSN' F:^T,-NDAT!0NS 

K L 



BIOGRAPHICAL 2$ 

class of 1878. He began his professional practice in Adrian, but a 
year later went to Pentwater, Mich., and some thirteen or fourteen 
months thereafter to Bear Lake, Manistee county. There- he 
remained until September, 1885, building up meantime a lucrative 
practice, and then returned to Adrian, where he was associated 
with his father until the latter's death. For the past ten years now 
he has had offices with Dr. Todd, with whom for many years his 
father was associated. Dr. Andrews espouses the cause of the Re- 
iniblican party and has done much to bring about the success of 
that party at the polls. In the campaign of 1896 he was chairman 
of the Republican County Committee, and two years later was 
chairman of the committee which effected the election of Henry 
C. Smith, as the representative of the Second Michigan district in 
tlie lower house of the United States legislature. For five years 
he was city physician and health officer. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which he was 
grand master of the state in 1900, and which he represented in the 
Sovereign Grand Lodge at Indianapolis in 1901, and at San Fran- 
cisco in 1904; the Adrian chapter of the Masonic order; the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, of which he is a past exalted 
ruler; the Independent Order of Foresters; the Order of the East- 
ern Star, and the Rebekahs. For three years, from 1883 to 1885, 
inclusive, he was a member of the pension board of Manistee coun- 
ty, and since 1897, with the exception of eight months, has held 
the same position at Adrian. Although not a member, he attends 
the Baptist church, of which his wife is a member. On March 14, 
1880, Dr. Andrews was united in marriage to Miss Margaret J. 
Turner, a daughter of Andrew and Matilda (Dundas) Turner. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Turner were born in Canada, and were residents of 
Pentwater, Mich., when their daughter was married. Mr. Turner 
died at El Paso, Tex., in 1904, and his widow is now living at Phoe- 
nix, Ariz. To Dr. and Mrs. Andrews two children were born. The 
daughter became the wife of Claude B. McClellan, of Jackson, 
Mich., on Dec. 25, 1902, and is now the mother of one child, Frank 
O. McClellan, born May 14, 1904. The other child of Dr. and Mrs. 
Andrews is Fred T.. now a resident of Adrian. The Doctor owns 
his home at 85 South Main street, one of the beautiful residence 
districts of the city. 

Ralph W. Angell, an enterprising baker of Blissfield and one 
of the prosperous business men of that village, was born in the 
city of Adrian on Sept. 6. 1875, the son of Stephen H. and Ellen 
(Hoag) Angell. The father was born in Herkimer county, New York, 
in 1841, and the mother in Lenawee county in 1846, and the latter 
died in Adrian on July 11, 1900. The father in his early life was 
a molder by vocation and in 1857 came to Adrian and became 
interested in the Angell car shops. He remained with that firm 
until they disposed of the business, and then became connected 
with the Adrian Brick and Tile Company. In 1898 he entered the 
employ of the Page Woven Wire Fence Company, with whom he 
is still associated. Three children were born to the parents. Alice 
B., born March 25. 1870, is engaged in a flourishing real-estate 



26 me:moirs of lenawee county 

and insurance business in Adrian, and Norman H., born Oct. i, 
1885, is now a student at Columbia University, N. Y.. in the general 
science course. Ralph ^^'. Angell, the subject of this review, took 
advantage of the educational opportunities afforded by the Adrian 
schools, and when he had completed the prescribed courses learned 
the printer's trade in the offices of the Adrian Times and the 
Adrian Telegram, with which publications he was employed for a 
period of two years. During the two years immediately following 
he was an employe of the Gilliland Electric Company of Adrian, 
and then with his mother conducted a bakery for four years. When 
he disposed of that interest he removed to Tecumseh and was 
engaged in the same line for a year, and then for another year at 
Goshen, Ind. When he had sold out his interest in the Indiana 
city he returned to Adrian for a short time, going thence to Bliss- 
held, where in IMarch, 1902, he purchased the bakery establishment 
of \y. E. Gilson. Since that time Mr. Angell has made Blissfield 
his home and has developed a large and lucrative business. When 
he took over the industry it was in a small frame building on a side 
street, but desiring a better location rented a place nearer the 
business center. There his trade continued to increase until in 
1906, when larger quarters again becoming a necessity, he pur- 
chased a lot in the main business block of the village and erected 
thereon the fine brick structure which his industry now occupies. 
He has recently installed one of the largest baking ovens in this 
section of the country and the output of the bakery is sent to all 
the small towns and villages in the county, where its excellent 
quality has won it high commendation. Besides his business in 
all sorts of bakery goods he carries a large line of choice confec- 
tionery, including ice cream and all sorts of ices at wholesale and 
retail. In his political belief Mr. Angell is a staunch adherent of 
Republican principles, and as the candidate of that partv was a 
year ago elected a member of the village board. For the past 
three years he has been a member of the village fire department. 
Fraternally he is a prominent member of the Royal Arch Masons, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of the 
Maccabees. His religious belief finds expression in membership in 
the Presbyterian church. On Aug. 3, 1898, Mr. Angell was united 
in marriage to Miss Anna Karl, born in Adrian on Nov. 5, 1877. 
the daughter of George and Barbara (Sacks) Karl. Mrs. Karl 
died in Adrian in 1887, and her husband is still a resident of that 
city. Three children have been the issue of the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Angell, namely: Ralph, born June 25, 1899; Karl, born 
April 13, 1901 ; and Alice, born Sept. 4, 1906. 

Matthias A. Aten, who has made a profitable business of agri- 
culture, was born in Summerfield township, Monroe county, Michi- 
gan, Sept. 4, 1852, son of John S. and Elizabeth (Marr) Aten. 
Both parents were born in Pennsylvania and the father worked 
at his calling of carpenter in the Keystone state until his coming 
to Michigan in 1848. He located first in Summerfield township, 
Monroe county, where he manufactured staves for several years. 
From 1858 to 1868 he was a resident of Tecumseh, Lenawee 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



27 



county, and for four years immediately thereafter was again a 
citizen of Summerfield township. At the end of that time he 
removed to BHssfield township and made his home with his son for 
a year. The mother died in March, 1878, and the father passed 
away in Summerfield township on May 5, 1889. Four sons and 
two daughters were born to the parents. Samuel T. lives in Deer- 
field ; Mary E. (Aten) Burton is a resident of Petersburg. Monroe 
county, Michigan; John M. lives in Norvell, Jackson county, Mich- 
igan ; Merritt L. is engaged in business in Jackson, Mich. ; and 
Katie (Aten) Bliven lives in BHssfield. Matthias A. Aten's educa- 
tional advantages were limited to the courses afiforded by the 
district schools in the vicinity of his boyhood home. For several 
years he earned a livelihood by working on the farm in summer 
and in the woods during the winter months. He continued to work 
in that way until 1900, and since that time he has devoted himself 
exclusively to his farm duties. In early manhood he mastered the 
carpenter's trade and the home which the family now occupies is a 
monument to his skill and handiwork. Recently Mr. Aten pur- 
chased a threshing outfit, and he adds to his income from the farm 
by doing the threshing for his neighbors. In the matter of politics 
he is aligned with the Republican party but has never sought 
public office of any nature. Fraternally he is allied with the 
Ancient Order of Gleaners. On July 4, 1875, was celebrated Mr. 
Aten's marriage to Miss Carrie Hall, a daughter of George Hall, 
and her family relation is mentioned more particularly in the 
sketch of Willis Hall, her brother, elsewhere in this volume. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Aten eight children have been born, and their names 
in .the order of birth follow: George P., May 6, 1876; John S., 
March 14, 1878, died March 29, 1879; Lillian L. (Aten) Groth, 
March 27, 1882, resides in Palmvra village; Walter S., Oct. 4, 1884; 
Emily D., April 12, 1887; Clifford B., Jan. 3, 1890; Harold E., Oct. 
29, T895, fli^<^ Feb. 10, 1896; and Leonard E., Oct. 31, 1897. 

William T. Atkin, a progressive agriculturist and a brick and tile 
maker of Deerfield township, was born in Cuyahoga county, Ohio, 
Oct. 20, 1861, the son of William and Mary Ann (Turner) Atkin. 
Both parents were born in England, the father on Oct. 15, 1829, 
and the mother on March 3, 1833. The father learned the trade 
of brick making in England and after coming to the United States 
in 1850 located in Cleveland, Ohio, where he engaged in the same 
line. In 1864 he removed his family to a farm which he had 
acquired by purchase in Riga township, Lewanee county, while he 
himself stayed in Cleveland and continued his brick making. In 
1867 he managed a brick yard in Palmyra township, for one year, 
continuing to reside in Riga township. While located there he 
made the brick for the first brick store erected in BHssfield village 
and for the old school house on the west side of the same village. 
In 1868 he purchased a farm in BHssfield township and has since 
resided there. Up to 1887 he conducted a brickyard in connection 
with his agricultural pursuits, but in that year he withdrew from 
active participation in the business and has since devoted his 
time to the management of his farm. Twelve children were the 



28 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

issue of the marriage of William and Mary Ann (Turner) Atkin, 
namely: Eliza (Atkin) Pratt, born Aug. 13, 1853; William, born 
Oct. 2, 1854, died in September, 1855; Lucy (Atkin) Ware, born 
Feb. 6, 1856; Clara (Atkin) Pratt, born Jan. 14, 1858; George, born 
Dec. 14, 1859; William T. ; lly (Atkin) Raymond, born Aug. 24, 
1863, died in the state of Washington, Oct. 7, 1901 ; Lewis Edward, 
born Aug. 9, 1866; Mary (Atkin) Miller, now deceased, born June 
21, 1868; Matilda, born Aug. 29, 1870, died March 23, 1893; Eva 
Viola, born June 2, 1874, died June 4, 1875 ; and Arthur Byron, 
born Dec. 22, 1877. William T. Atkin received his educational 
advantages in district school No. 4 of Blissfield township, and when 
he had completed his scholastic training he went west to Red 
Cloud, Xeb., wdiere for three years he was in the employ of Ludlow 
& Son, brick manufacturers. He accumulated a goodly sum by 
entering into a contract with the firm wherebv he made all their 
brick at a stated figure per thousand. He then returned to Michi- 
gan and with his brother, Lewis Edward, leased their father's 
brickvard. For four 3^ears the brothers successfully conducted the 
business and then William T. disposed of his interest and removed 
to the farm in Deerfield township on which he now resides. For 
a time he made over a million brick each year, but of late there 
has been less call for that product and he has devoted himself 
more especially to the manufacture of tile, the output of which 
has about trebled in the past few years. All the clay used is taken 
from his own bank, which is situated on the Raisin river about 
midway between the villages of Deerfield and Blissfield. In his 
political relations Mr. Atkin is a staunch adherent of the Demo- 
cratic party, and as such has held several positions of public trust. 
In 1897 he was first elected supervisor of the township, and held 
the office continuously for seven years ; in 1894 he was made county 
poor commissioner, but resigned before his term expired, and in 
the spring of 1905 was again elected supervisor. He has since 
been the incumbent of that office. Mr. Atkin is also a stockholder 
in the Deerfield State Bank, one of the thriving institutions of 
the county. Fraternally he is allied with the Blue Lodge of the 
Masonic order. On April 22, 1887, was solemnized Mr. Atkin's 
marriage to Miss Lena Miller, born at Sandusky, Ohio, April 6, 
i860, the daughter of Christopher and Lucy (Glaser) Miller. Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller were both natives of Germany, who located in 
Blissfield township after a short residence in Sandusky, Ohio. 
They are now both deceased, the mother having passed away on 
March i, 1904, and the father on Thanksgiving day, Nov. 29, 1906. 
Mrs. Atkin, who is a devout member of the German Lutheran 
church, received her educational advantages in the common schools 
of Blissfield township and the German school in Riga village, which 
she attended for two 3'ears. The issue of the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Atkin has been two cliildren, namely: Lorena A., born 
March 16, 1891, and Alfreda M., born May 26, 1895. Lorena A. is 
taking a course in the State Normal School at Ypsilanti, Mich., and 
Alfreda M. is attending the Blissfield High School. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 29 

George W. Ayers, attorney-at-law, of Adrian, was born in 
Fairfield township, Lenawee county, Michigan, Dec. 7, 1854, second 
child of John and Amanda (Porter) Ayers. His father was a 
native of New York state and his mother was born in Chautauqua 
county. New York. John Ayers came west with his father, Septi- 
mus Ayers, in 1837, and located on a farm in Fairfield township, 
about twelve miles directly south of Adrian. John Ayers and 
Amanda Porter were married in the town of Westfield, Chautauqua 
county, New York. He died in Fairfield township, Lenawee county, 
Oct. 9, 1866. His widow, now past eighty years of age, 
resides with her son, George W., in Adrian. Five children were 
born to them, of whom three are now living: Albert J., the oldest 
child, and George W., the subject of this review, residing in 
Adrian ; the daughter, Lida, now the wife of Charles F. Morse, a 
prosperous farmer, lives in Fairfield, near the old homestead. 
George W. Ayers received his elementary education in the Fair- 
field schools, and at the Westfield Academy at Westfield, Chau- 
tauqua county. New York ; later attended high school in Adrian, 
graduating in the class of 1877. He also attended Adrian College 
for a short time, and taught school in Ogden and Palmyra town- 
ships, in Lenawee county, and Fulton county, Ohio. Having 
determined to make the legal profession his career, he commenced 
the study of law in the city of Adrian, studying with such eminent 
lawyers as Col. B. F. Graves and Judge C. A. Stacy. After spend- 
ing some time in this legal preparation, he entered the University 
of Michigan, graduating in the year 1884 with the degree of B. L. 
He was admitted to the bar of Lenawee county in the year 1883. 
After graduating at Ann Arbor, he returned to Adrian, and entered 
the office of Capt. C. R. Miller as his assistant. After remaining 
with Mr. Miller for two or three years, he opened up an office 
for himself and has continued his practice in Adrian ever since. 
Mr. Ayers has held the office of Circuit Court Commissioner for 
four terms, of two years each, and also served as justice of the 
peace in Adrian for a short time, to fill a vacancy. In politics 
he has always been a loyal supporter of the Republican party 
and its principles. In the year 1889, together with W. H. Barrett 
and Fred H. Knapp, he organized The Adrian Building and Loan 
Association, and was elected its attorney, and has held that posi- 
tion ever since, having held his office longer than any other mem- 
ber of the Association. Mr. Ayers is a member of the Knights of 
the Maccabees, being a charter member of Adrian Tent No. 145. 
Mr. Ayers has alwa3'^s taken an active part in religious work, and 
has been a trustee of the First Baptist Church of Adrian, for many 
years. At the present time he is president of the Church Council, 
a recent organization of that church. On July 3, 1889, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Delia H. Dodge, a daughter of the 
late Thomas F. Dodge, who was a pioneer of Adrian, and one of 
its first and most prominent physicians. Mrs. Ayers was born and 
reared in Adrian, and received her educational advantages in the 
excellent schools of that city, graduating from the high school in 
the class of 1873. After finishing her studies she taught school in 



30 MKMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the count rv for several terms, and then returned to Adrian, where 
she continued the same work for twelve years. Three sons have 
come to bless the union of Mr. and Mrs. Ayers — Percy B., born 
March i8, 1890; Merle P., born Veh. 10, 1892; and Robert, born 
April 9, 1897, all of whom were born in Adrian, and are now 
attending school there. The Ayers homestead was formerly at 
Xo. 14, College avenue, but in August, 1907, they purchased the 
home at Xo. 45 E. Church street, where they now reside. 

Edwin H. Bailey, a prosperous farmer of Ogden township, 
was lx)rn in that township on Feb. 26, 1875. He is the son of 
Richard and Ruth A. (Hood) Bailey, the former born in London, 
England, in 1844, and the latter in Zanesville, Ohio, the same year. 
The father came to Aledina, Ohio, while still a youth, and shortl}^ 
afterward moved to Michigan. He was actively engaged in farm- 
ing until 1903, when he retired and removed to Palmyra, where 
he now resides. Two children were born to the parents, Edwin 
H. of this review, and Lucy, the wife of George Fogelsong, a 
farmer of Ogden township. Mr. Bailey's educational advantages 
were limited to the common schools. When he had completed the 
courses prescribed he became his father's assistant on the farm 
and worked Avith the parent until the time of his marriage. Since 
that time he has been conducting his own farm, and by the appli- 
cation of scientific methods of agriculture has made his property 
one of the most productive in the vicinity. In the matter of poli- 
tics, Mr. Bailey espouses the cause of the Repul)lican party, but 
has never sought public preferment for himself. Fraternally he is 
allied with the State Grange and the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. On Jan. 10, 1893, was solemnized Mr. Bailey's marriage 
to Miss Belle Klink, the daughter of William and Mary (Rath- 
burn) Klink, of Fairfield township. To this union were born the 
following children: Gladys Estell, born on May 21, 1895, and now 
attending school ; Richard Elwood, born March 4, 1899, died May 
18, 1902; and Marguerite, born July 22, 1900, died on March 22, 
1901. Mr. Bailey has a host of friends in the community, and his 
genial, cordial nature makes him popular with all his neighbors and 
acquaintances. 

George F. Ballenberger, one of the foremost merchants of 
Adrian, was born in that city on May 27, 1864, the son of John B. 
and Christine (Hertline) Ballenberger. His parents were born in 
Germany and came to the United States in 1854, and were married 
in 1856. They celebrated their golden wedding, the fiftieth anni- 
versary of their marriage, in 1906. The father, who is now living 
retired in Adrian, was a stone cutter by vocation. Four children 
were born to the parents, two of whom died in infancy. The sur- 
vivors are Mrs. James Winney, of Adrian, and George F. of this 
sketch. The latter received his educational advantages in the 
German schools, and finished with two months' attendance upon 
the public schools of the city. His first labors were in the employ 
of the F. R. Stebbins Company, with which he remained but a 
short time and then found employment with the Austin, Treat & 
Goodsell Comj^any. When he severed his connection with the last 



BIOGRAPHICAL 3 1 

named concern it was to accept a position in the Comstock Planing 
Mill, and later with the Penn car shops, and subsequently again 
with the Comstock people. When he gave up that position it was 
to enter the meat business with William Spielman, under the firm 
name of Spielman & Ballenberger, on Maple avenue, but the firm 
continued only a year and then Mr. Ballenberger embarked in 
the business alone and has continued in that line for more than 
twenty-six years. Fraternally he is allied with the Knights of the 
Maccabees, and in politics espouses the Democratic cause. He was 
reared in the German Lutheran faith, and today gives allegiance 
to the tenets of that faith. On May 14, 1885, was celebrated Mr. 
Ballenberger's marriage to Miss Caroline Reisig, daughter of 
Georo-e Reisig', of Adrian. Four children have been the issue of this 
union, namely ; Edward A. ; Louise, now Mrs. George Dorner, 
of Adrian ; Alma ; and Lucile, all of whom were born in Adrian and 
educated in the public schools. 

William P. Baldwin, a live stock dealer and a well-known 
agriculturist of Palmyra township, was born in Sandusky county, 
Ohio, July I, 1852. He is the son of Nelson T. and Katherine 
(Boose) Baldwin, the former born in Vermont, July 15, 1820, and 
the latter in Pennsylvania, June 2"/, 1821. The father mastered 
the blacksmith's trade when a youth, and worked at that occupa- 
tion as a journeyman until the time of his marriage. Then he 
purchased a farm in Woodville township, Sandusky county, Ohio, 
where he remained until 1906. In that year he removed to 
Clay Center, Ottawa county, Ohio, and now makes his home 
there. The mother died March 3, 1891. As a citizen of Sandusky 
county, the father served as justice of the peace and trustee. 
A\'illiam P. Baldwin received his scholastic training in the district 
schools of AVoodville township. He resided with his parents until 
he was seventeen years of age, and in the spring of 1870 left home 
to learn the trade of mason. He has worked at that occupation 
at dift"erent intervals ever since. For some years he worked 
as a farm hand and in 1887 made a trip overland to Nebraska, 
being sixty-seven da3^s on the way. He arrived in Saunders county, 
between Omaha and Lincoln, and in March of the following year 
had his wife and .children come west. For three A^ears the family 
made its home in Nebraska, and during the last four months of the 
time Mr. Baldwin worked in a large establishment in Omaha. 
AVhile in the W^est he purchased eighteen lots in Ashland, Saun- 
ders county, to which he still retains the title. On Dec. 6, 1890, 
he returned to Sandusky county, Ohio, and was for nearly fifteen 
years engaged in managing his father's farm. At the end of that 
time he came to Palmyra township and purchased the farm upon 
which he now resides. This property he ha^ greatly improved in 
the way of fences and buildings and devotes his time especially 
to the raising of pedigreed Jersey cattle and Poland-China swine. 
Fraternally he is allied with'Blissfield Lodge No. 258, and Phoenix 
Encampment No. 34, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of which 
he has held all the chairs. He is also identified with the Musco- 
vites and still retains his membership in Lodge No. 119, of the 



32 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

Ancient Order of United Workmen of Ashland, Xeb. Although 
he has staunchly upheld the men and measures of the Demo- 
ocratic party he has never sought public preferment for himself. 
On ]\Iay i6, 1877, Air. Baldwin married Miss Henrietta Feddersen. 
born in Germany on May 16, 1852, the daughter of Henry and 
Caroline (Hensen) Feddersen. Mr. and Mrs. Feddersen were both 
born in Germany, and the former came to /\merica in 1856, a year 
in advance of his family. He settled near Marblehead, Ottawa 
county, Ohio, and thereafter made his residence in that county, 
first at Oakharbor and later at Limestone. His death occurred 
on Dec. 25, 1885, and his widow passed away on March 5, 1890. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin eight children were born. Henry N., 
born Sept. 13, 1877, now employed in a clerical capacity in Wood- 
ville. married Miss Beulah Fairchild of AA'^oodville, Sandusky 
county, Ohio, and the}' have two children, Leroy, born Jan. 25, 
1904, and Cleo May, born Jan. 15, 1909; Bertha N., born March 26, 
1882, is the wife of John Wanecek, a razor strop cutter in a novelty 
works in Chicago, and they have one child, Mercides, born July 
29, 1907; Ferdinand Cornelius, born Nov. 20, 1883, is a farmer 
residing with his parents. The names and dates of birth of the 
other children, in order of birth, follow : AVilliam A., Sept. 30, 
1885; Orville H., Jan. 8, 1888; Grover C, June 6, 1890; Philinda 
Louella, Dec. 25, 1892, died Jan. 19, 1893; and Eben Leo, born 
April I, 1894. died Aug. i, 1896. William A. married Miss Pearl 
A. Johnson, of Blissfield, Mich., on Dec. i, 1908. She is the daugh- 
ter of John J. and Louisa (Heinrich) Johnson, and was born on 
Sept. I, 1883, in Moline, Wood county, Ohio. All the sons of 
Mr. Baldwin are Odd Fellows except Grover C, who intends to 
imite with the order as soon as of eligible age, and all except 
Orville H., are members of the Encampment branch of the order. 
Ferdinand C. is also a member of the Independent Order of 
Foresters. 

Conrad Atwell, residing in the village of Holloway, Raisin 
township, was born Feb. 20, 1819, in Steuben county. New York. 
Although in his ninety-first year he is in excellent health and bids 
fair to reach the century mark. He is the son of Chauncey and 
Polly (Bush) Atwell, both natives of Onondaga county. New 
York, where the former died. The latter Avas the daughter 
of Conrad and Polly Bush, the former a Revolutionary war veteran, 
who served seven years in the Continental army, for which service 
the government granted him 640 acres of land in Onondaga 
county, lying near Syracuse, and a pension for life of $8 a month. 
Some time after Conrad Bush had taken possession of his 640 acre 
tract, an agent visited him one day and demanded to know what 
right or title he had to the land. Air. Bush, without answering him, 
stepped to his closet and returned with his old flint-lock rifle, which 
he had carried through the Revolutionary war, and said: "Here is 
my authority, and if you don't make tracks, I'll serve you as I did 
the Red Coats." It is hardly necessary to say that the arrogant 
agent beat a hasty retreat and Air. Bush's title to the land was 
never again questioned. After the death of her husband Airs. At- 




CONEAD AT WELL 




PUBLIC I 







BIOGRAPHICAL T,^ 

well came west to Michigan with her son, Conrad, who later be- 
came the owner of 200 acres of excellent farming land in Raisin 
township, and there she passed the remainder of her life. Conrad 
Atwell received all of his educational training in the common 
schools of his native county, and the measure of his success 
as a farmer after coming to Michigan can perhaps best be judged 
by his standing in the community. In politics he has ever been 
one of the stanchest adherents of the principles of the Republican 
party, and as the successful candidate of that organization he has 
served as highway commissioner and town clerk. In religious mat- 
ters he and his family are identified with the Wesleyan Methodist 
church. He has been twace married. His first marriage occurred 
in 1840, to Miss Sophronia Leggett, by whom he had four children: 
Allen W., deceased ; Martha, deceased ; one that died when ciuite 
young, and Herman, who resides in the village of Palmyra and is 
the present supervisor of Palmyra township and the administrator 
of several estates. Mr. AtwelTs first wife died in February, 1892, and 
on Sept. 4, 1892, he married Mrs. Sallie (Smith) Fish, the daughter 
of James C. and Permilla (Leggett) Smith, the former of New 
Jersey, and the latter of New York state, she having been born 
near Saratoga Springs. Mrs. Atw^ell was born on Oct. 16, 1826, in 
Cohocton, Steuben county. New York, there being reared and edu- 
cated. Her first husband, David Fish, was born at Dresham, N. Y., 
Dec. 25, 1816, and died at Wayland, N. Y., Feb. 25, 1886. Five 
children were born to this marriage, the names and dates of birth 
being as follows: John H., Dec. 10, 1847, died Sept. 6, 1892; Daniel 
A., April 23, 1849; Joseph D., July 18, 1851, died in infancy; \\'il- 
liam R., Oct. 4, 1852, died in infancy, and Esther H., Aug. 10, 1859. 
Mr. and Mrs. Atwell are enjoying" the fruits of a well spent life in 
their pleasant home in the village of Holloway, where the}' expect 
to reside the remainder of their days. Mr. Atwell prides himself 
upon the fact that he has never drank a glass of liquor in any form, 
and has not drank even a cup of coft'ee for the last thirty years, 
claiming that good pure water is the only drink God intended for 
man and beast. 

Gottlieb Bauerle, a prosperous farmer in the township of Bliss- 
field, just outside the village limits, was born in Germanv, Sept. 
21, 1830. He is the son of Conrad and Charlotte (Miller) Bauerle, 
native Germans who came to this country in 1848 and located in 
Pennsylvania, where they lived until their removal to a farm in 
Riga township, this county, in 1856. The father was acti^'ely 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death in 1864. His 
widow passed away on Dec. 29, 1866, leaving five children, namely: 
Sophia (Bauerle) Vogt, who died in Oregon in 1898; Conrad. Jr., 
whose death occurred in Chicago in 1900; Christopher, who lives 
in Blissfield township; and Christina (Bauerle) Fitzer, who died in 
Riga township in 1865. Gottlieb Bauerle, the subject of this 
review, received the excellent training afforded by the German 
institutions of learning. When eighteen years of age he came to 
the United States with his parents and worked on the farm with 
his father until the breaking out of the Civil war, when he enlisted 

3-2V 



34 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

as a private in Company C, Fourteenth Michigan infantry, and 
served with that regiment until it was mustered out of the United 
States service. After the cessation of hostilities he purchased a 
tract of land in Riga township, where he lived until 1876, success- 
fully engaged in agricultural pursuits. He then came to Blissfield 
and purchased his present farm just outside the corporate limits 
of the village, and has ever since devoted his time to the conduct 
of it. Although Mr. Bauerle is a staunch adherent of the tenets 
of the Democratic party, he has never aspired to become its can- 
didate for any office of public trust. Fraternally he is associated 
with the Grand Army of the Republic. On Jan. 25, 1858, in Adrian, 
was celebrated Mr. Bauerle's marriage to Miss Juliana Plettstacer, 
born in Germany on June 20. 183 1, the daughter of William and 
Elizabeth Plettstacer. Mrs. Bauerle's parents settled in Riga 
township early in the history of the county, and there the mother 
died in 1865, and the father twenty years later. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bauerle are the parents of seven children, namely: Carrie 
(Bauerle) Beiswager, born May 29, 1859, who lives in Adrian; 
Gottlieb. Jr., born Jan. 14, 1862, a carpenter living in Adrian; 
Frederick W.. born June 26, 1864, a resident of Adrian; August, 
a farmer of Riga township, born July 20, 1866; Eliza (Bauerle) 
Reynolds, whose husband is a farmer in Riga township, born Dec. 
I, 1869; Minnie, born March 15, 1871, living at home; and John F., 
born June 15, 1873, an assistant to his father, who was married 
in Adrian on Oct. 25, 1899, ^'^ Miss Carrie Waltz, a daughter of 
George and Emma Waltz, of Pennsylvania. 

Frederick Bay, one of the prosperous farmers of Lenawee 
county, was born in Ogden township on Feb. 12, 1843, the son 
of Daniel and Catherine (Dibble) Bay. Both parents were born 
in Germany, the father in 1802 and the mother in 1804. The father 
was a shoemaker by vocation and worked at it in his native land 
until 1834. in which year he migrated to the United States. He 
took up land in section 2, Ogden township, and lived there until 
his death in October, 1877. His widow died there in July, 1883. 
Seven children were born to the parents. Caleb died in Baltimore, 
Md., in 1892; Jacob was killed by Indians in New Mexico in 1863; 
Sophia makes her home with her brother Frederick; Daniel, Jr., 
died at Coleman, Mich., in 1904; Barbara (Bay) Boone died in 
Blissfield in 1881 ; and William lives in Sylvania, Ohio. Frederick 
Bay, the subject of this review, and the sixth child of his parents, 
received the educational advantages afiforded by the common 
schools of Ogden township. At the first call for troops bv Presi- 
dent Lincoln he enlisted as a private in Company K, First Michi- 
gan infantry, and served throughout that civil struggle. After the 
cessation of hostilities he returned to Lenawee county and for two 
years was engaged in helping his father in the conduct of the home 
farm. With the money he had managed to save from his earnings 
he purchased ninety acres of wholly unimproved land and for six 
years devoted himself assiduously to clearing and improving the 
property. At the end of that time he disposed of it by sale, realiz- 
ing a good profit, and purchased 125 acres of partially improved 



BIOGRAPHICAL 35 

land adjoining- his original ninety acres. This farm remained his 
home for many years, and from it he derived each year a lucrative 
income. His principal crop was potatoes, though he fattened cattle 
for market and raised a fine grade of swine. In 1906 Mr. Bay 
disposed of this property and purchased twenty-five acres in Pal- 
myra township, where he now lives. In his political relations he 
has always been a staunch Republican, and has been the recipient 
of a number of official honors at the hands of his fellow-townsmen. 
For eight years he held the office of justice of the peace in Ogden 
township, and for seven years more was supervisor. For eight and 
a half years he was deputy oil inspector for the district. In a fra- 
ternal and social way Mr. Bay is a prominent Royal Arch Mason, 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and the State Grange. He has been twice 
married. On Nov. 13, 1866, was celebrated his union to Miss 
Athleen Bradley, born in the township of Franklin, March 4, 1843, 
the daughter of Adad and Almyra (Newton) Bradley. To this 
union was born a daughter, Laura (Bay) Dershem, now a resident 
of Adrian. Mr. Bay's marriage to Miss Eleanor Farr occurred 
in Ogden township on Oct. 27, 1874, and the issue of this union was 
six children. Alena A. (Bay) Demaree, born Dec. 28, 1875, has 
been a resident of old Mexico for the past two years ; Marion 
Ann (Bay) Richardson, born Oct. 8, 1877, lives in Green Bay, 
Wis.; Eleanor (Bay) Rothfuss, born Oct. 9, 1879, lives in Wauseon, 
Ohio, where her husband is cashier of a bank; Frederick B., born 
May 26, 1881, is in Seattle, Wash.; Ethelbert S., born Jan. 24, 1884, 
is in Wauseon, Ohio ; and the youngest, Natalie S., born Feb. 26, 
1893, is at home. Mrs. Bay is a devout member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

David J. Beachboard. — Hearty and sincere appreciation of per- 
sonal worth, offered voluntarily, during the lifetime of a man who 
has earned it, is perhaps the largest dividend that can fall to one, 
and this is the reward that has come to the honored subject of this 
review, who is one of the representative citizens of the village of 
Hudson, where he is now living essentially retired, finding ample 
demands upon his attention, however, in the supervision of his 
various capitalistic interests. David Jackson Beachboard was born 
on the ancestral plantation of the family, near Asheville, N. C., 
June 26, 1840, and is a son of Matthew and Lavissa Beachboard, 
both of whom were likewise natives of North Carolina, where the 
respective families were founded in a very early day and where 
the former was a scion of that staunch Scotch-Irish stock which 
became prominently identified with the pioneer annals of that 
favored commonwealth. Matthew Beachboard was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits during his active career, but died when still 
a young man. His wife attained to the exceptionally venerable 
age of ninety-six years and continued her residence in North Caro- 
lina until her death. Of the eight children he whose name initiates 
this article was the seventh in order of birth, and besides him two 
others of the number are yet living — James R. and Margaret, who 
are now in advanced years and who are still residents of North 



36 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Carolina. Owing to the exigencies of time and place the early 
educational advantages of David J. Beachboard were very limited, 
being confined to a short period of attendance in the countr}^ 
schools of his native county. When but eleven years of age he left 
home and found employment with Goodson M. Roberts, who was 
a wealthy planter of North Carolina, where he also conducted a 
general store and an old-time tavern. Mr. Beachboard continued 
to be thus engaged for nearly five years, and in 1859, at the age of 
eighteen years, his ambition and adventurous spirit led him to 
make the long and arduous ttip to California, where the gold excite- 
ment was still at its height. There he identified himself with the 
horde of gold-seekers, but his success was of somewhat negative 
character, and he accordingly found employment on a vegetable 
ranch at Red Blufifs, Cal., where he remained nearly three years, 
after which he was employed for a similar period in a grocery 
store conducted by George Birdsell. In 1865 he returned across 
the plains as far as Leavenworth, Kas., where he engaged in the 
grocery business, in connection with which he lost practically all 
of the money which he had accumulated through his earnest labors 
in the preceding years. In 1866 he came to Michigan and took up 
his residence in Hudson, which has since represented his home. 
For a few years he was here engaged in the retail grocery trade and 
he then established himself in business as a buyer and shipper of 
grain and produce, in which he met with definite success. Through 
well directed efifort he has acquired a competency, and he has now 
varied capitalistic interests here and elsewhere. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Boise State Savings Bank, of Hudson, and has ever been 
known as a loyal citizen and honorable and upright business man, 
so that he naturally retains the high regard of the community in 
which he has so long maintained his home. He is fond of travel 
and has journeyed widely throughout the Union. He usually 
passes the winters either in the South or in California. Mr. Beach- 
board is a Republican, but has never cared to identify himself 
actively with political operations, though he served for a few 3^ears 
as a member of the village council of Hudson. He and his wife 
hold membership in the Baptist church. On Christmas day of the 
year 1865, Mr. Beachboard was united in marriage to Miss Clotilde 
C. Sawyer, who died in 1894. They became the parents of one 
daughter and one son. The daughter. Miss Edna, is sojourning in 
Italy at the time of the writing of this article, in 1909. On June 
10, 1895, Mr. Beachboard married Miss Alice J. Perkins, daughter 
of the late John T. Perkins, of this county. No children have been 
born of the second union. 

Leland Flint Bean, a respected and prominent young attorney 
of Adrian, was born in that city on Nov. 18, 1882, the son of Seth 
and Jennie D. (Flint) Bean. The father was born in Jackson 
county, this state, Feb. 23, 1842, and for years was one of the most 
prominent and successful attorneys of Lenawee county, having 
been elected prosecuting attorney of the county on the Democratic 
ticket in 1874, and mayor of Adrian in 1890. The subject of this 
review received his elementary scholastic training in the public 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



37 



schools of his native city, graduating^ at the Adrian High School 
with the class of 1902. Having, in an early day, determined upon 
following in his father's footsteps by adopting the law as his 
avocation, he matriculated at the University of Michigan in the 
fall of 1902 and was graduated in the splendid legal department 
of that famous university in June, 1905. At college he was an 
active participant in forensic, social and fraternal circles, a member 
of the Delta Upsilon fraternity, and while assiduously delving into 
the numerous intricacies of Blackstone, Keener. Cooley, and 
various others of the acknowledged legal authorities, he very early 
made manifest those traits of mind and character which have 
since characterized his career as a practitioner, lie was admitted 
to the Michigan bar on June 22. 1905, thereby becoming entitled to 
plead the cause of his clients before the various state and federal 
courts of the commonwealth, though he did not open an office in 
Adrian until Oct. 5, 1905. At the present time he is the occupant 
of a commodious and pleasant suite of offices in the Masonic build- 
ing, and in addition to enjoying a lucrative private practice he now 
occupies the resjKjnsible office of circuit court commissioner, to 
which position he was first elected by the people of I.enawee 
county in the autumn of 1906 and was re-elected in the fall of 1908. 
Politically Mr. Ilean is closely affiliated with the Republican party 
and has ever been as staunch and aggressive a participant in all 
affairs pertaining to the promulgation of the "(Irand Old Party" 
as he has in the progressive welfare of his native city and county. 
He was an active member of the Rei)ul)lican county committee 
from 1906 to 1907; at the present time he is chairman of the 
Republican City committee, which position he has held since 1907, 
and since 1906 he has been secretary of the Lenawee County 
McKinley Chib. I-'raternally Mr. Pean is well associated, being a 
member of the Delta Upsilon fraternity, the Lenawee County Bar 
Association, and tither societies. On Sept. 5, 1908, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Louise Maria Mason, daughter of Charles J. 
and Emma A. ( Dc Azotic) Mason, of Vernon Centre, N. Y. 

Frederick H. Beland. — The old empire of German}^ has con- 
tributed to the complex social fabric of our American republic a 
most valuable and appreciative element of citizenship, from which 
source the L'uited States has had much to gain and nothing to 
lose, which can not be said concerning the influx from others of the 
European countries. Of staunch German lineage is the subject of 
this review a scion, even as is he a representative of one of the 
sterling pioneer families of Lenawee county, which has been his 
home from the time of his birth. He is the owner of a well im- 
proved and productive farm in Macon township and is a citizen 
who in loyalty and public spirit is well upholding the honors of 
the family name. He was born in Macon township, Dec. 10. 1856, 
a son of John and Catherine (Denniger) Beland, both of whom 
were born and reared in the kingdom of Bavaria, Germany. Upon 
their immigration to America the parents settled in the state of 
Pennsylvania, whence they came to Michigan and took up their 
residence in Lenawee county in the early '50s. John Beland was 



38 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

a man of ambition and industrious habits, but when he came to 
this count}' his financial resources were very Hmited. He secured 
twenty acres of heavily timbered land in Macon township, and 
here he made a clearing and erected his primitive log house, which 
served as the family home for a number of years, within which he 
made definite progress in reclaiming his land to cultivation. Suc- 
cess crowned his arduous efforts and he eventually became the 
owner of a good farm of 140 acres. He was a man of unswerving 
integrity and ever commanded the esteem of all who knew him. 
His political support was given to the Democratic party and he 
was a consistent member of the Lutheran church, as is also his 
widow who survives him. They continued to reside on the old 
homestead farm until his death on Dec. 2, 1901, when he passed 
away with the respect and esteem of the community which repre- 
sented his home for so long a term of years. His widow continues 
to reside with their son, Henry, on the old homestead. Of their 
eight children all are living except Margaret, the first-born. The 
names of the other children are here entered in order of birth : 
Frederick H., Adam, John, Eva, Anna, Elizabeth and Henry. 
Frederick Beland, whose name introduces this review, was reared 
to manhood on the home farm and his early educational advan- 
tages were those afiforded in the public schools of Macon township, 
where he also was for a time a student in a select school — a title 
commonly applied at that time to schools maintained under private 
management. He continued to assist in the work of the home 
farm until his maturity, when he initiated his independent career. 
He has given his attention to agricultural purstiits from his boy- 
hood days to the present, and in this connection has found ample 
scope for productive efifort. He has achieved a place among the 
substantial farmers of his native county, and his well improved 
farm, in Macon township, comprises 120 acres, practically all of 
which is eligible for cultivation. His home is located on rural 
mail route No. 2, from the village of Tecumseh. and his farm is 
equipped with modern facilities throughout. The buildings on 
the place are of substantial order, the large barn having been 
erected by him a few years since. He devotes his attention to- 
general farming and stock-raising and finds that his well directed 
efforts return to him due recompense from year to year. Though 
never an aspirant for public office, Mr. Beland is arrayed as a 
staunch supporter of the cause of the Democratic party, and he 
holds membership in the Lutheran church, of which his wife also 
was a devoted member. On Feb. 20, 1884, Mr. Beland was united 
in marriage to Miss Ida Martin, who was born in Macon town- 
ship, this county, Sept. 19, 1857, ^ daughter of Michael J. and Jane 
Ann (Miller) Martin, both of whom were natives of the state of 
New York, whence they came to Michigan and settled in Lenawee 
county in the pioneer days. Mr. Martin became one of the repre- 
sentative farmers of Macon township and is now living retired in 
the village of Ridgeway, this county. His wife was a daughter of 
Lewis Miller, one of the early settlers of Jonesville, Mich", where 
his wife died and whence he later came to Macon township, Lena- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



39 



wee county, where he passed the residue of his life. Airs. Belaud 
was summoned to eternal rest on Oct. 31, 1892, and is survived 
by two children: Claire C, born Oct. 11, 1885, attended the public 
schools of Macon township, after which he completed a course in 
the high school of Tecumseh, and is now engaged in farming in 
Macon township. He is a Democrat in his political proclivities and 
is a member of the Lutheran church. Florence R., born Aug. 13, 
1887. remains with her father and has had charge of the household 
affairs to a large extent since the death of the devoted wife and 
mother. .She was afforded the advantages of the public schools 
of her natixe township. 

J. Fred Betz, a foremost grocer of Adrian and a striking exam- 
l)le i)i a distinctively self-made man, was born in Adrian on Sept. 5, 
1870. More particular mention is made of his family connections 
in the sketch of his father. John J. Betz, elsewhere in this volume. 
Mr. Betz attended the Lutheran parochial and the public schools of 
Adrian, and began his business career as a clerk in the Novelty 
Store of C. B. Pennock. He remained there but a year, however, 
and then learned the trade of hardwood furniture finisher in the 
factory of B. S. Barnes, located where Clough & Warren's establish- 
ment now stands, 'iliat position he retained for six years, two 
years of the time as foreman, and when he left it was to become 
foreman for the Gilliland Manufacturing Company. Seven months 
later he left Adrian and removed to Chicago, where for six months 
he was in the employ of Manke Bros., furniture manufacturers. 
Although the work was congenial his health became impaired and 
he was advised by his physician to seek some more healthful 
employment. Mr. Betz then returned to Adrian and for two years 
worked in a clerical capacity in the drug business with Lee Millard. 
In 1892 he formed a partnership with his father under the firm 
name of J. Betz & Son, which continued for six years. Mr. Betz 
then purchased his father's interest and continued the business 
under his own name. Trade increased to such an extent that in 
1903 he began the erection of the building which he now occupies, 
known as the Betz building, at the corner of Frank and Tecumseh 
streets, and removed his stock to the new quarters on June 27, 1904. 
Under his careful guidance and direction business has continued 
to flourish, and the establishment is recognized as one of the most 
progressive of Adrian's business houses. Mr. Betz's every achieve- 
ment has been directly due to his own efforts, and his career is well 
worthy the emulation of others. Fraternally he is allied with the 
Knights of Pythias. Although he was reared and confirmed in the 
Lutheran faith, his religious nature today finds expression in 
attendance upon the services of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
of which his wife is a devout member. C)n June 19, 1901, Mr. 
Betz was united in marriage to Miss Minnie Luella Sawyer, a 
daughter of Horace Sawyer. Mr. Sawyer enlisted in the Civil war 
from Adrian, but after his return from that struggle he removed 
to Luther, Lake county, Michigan. There Mrs. Betz was born 
and received her preliminary education. Later she attended the 
Ferris Institute and was engaged as a teacher in the State Indus- 



40 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

trial School for Girls at Adrian when she met Mr. Betz. Five chil- 
dren have been the issue of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Betz, 
namely : A\'inifred Edith, born x\pril lo. 1902 ; J. Fred, born Nov. 
29, 1903; Kenneth Sawyer, born Feb. 21, 1905; Ruth Janice, born 
July 31, 1907; and Merrill Dean, born x\pril 7, 1909. Some years 
ag"0 Mr. Betz purchased the A. B. Berry house at 8 Division 
street, where his family now reside. 

Vincent A. Baker, M. D., was born in AVatertown, N. Y., 
March 30, 1833, the son of Freeborn Baker, Jr., who was born at 
Schuyler, Herkimer county. New York, July 6, 1905. The paternal 
grandfather was Freeborn Baker. Sr., born in Rhode Island in 
1776, who served as a musician in the War of 1812. Freeborn 
Baker, Sr., was of English descent, as was Jene Christian, to whom 
he was married in 1798. They reared a family of eleven children. 
From the earliest time of their history the members of the Baker 
family were farmers. Freeborn Baker, Jr., learned to make boots 
and shoes in his youth, and for some years of his life followed that 
vocation. After his marriage he purchased a tract of land in St. 
Lawrence county. New York, w^here he lived for many years. The 
surroundings and educational advantages not being satisfactory for 
his growing family. Mr. Baker sold out his place in St. Lawrence 
county, and moved to Black River village, Jefiferson county, 
where he established himself in business and remained until 1867. 
In that year he disposed of his property in New York and came 
west, locating in Lenawee county, where he lived many years. His 
death occurred May 22, 1874, at Palmyra. He was a man with a 
high sense of honor, incorruptible in the broadest sense, and his 
death was a great loss to the community in which he lived. On 
Dec. 20, 1838, occurred the marriage of Freeborn Baker, Jr., and 
Miss Julia Ann Fredenburg, the daughter of Joshua and Ruth 
Fredenburg, of Palmyra, N. Y. They became the parents of eight 
children, of whom the subject of this sketch is the eldest. The 
mother was born in Mohawk, N. Y., Aug. 10, 1810, and passed away 
in Buffalo, N. Y., April 24, 1889. Her remains were laid beside 
those of her husband in the beautiful Oakwood cemetery of Adrian. 
Dr. Vincent A. Baker, only a boy, assisted his father in establishing 
a home in what was, at that time, nearly an unbroken forest. His 
early education was received in the public schools of Jefferson coun- 
ty. New York, later he attended Evan Mills Academy and subse- 
quently went to Watertown, N. Y., where he took a course in the 
Jefferson County Institute. At an early age he determined to make 
the practice of medicine his life work and when only eighteen years 
of age he began to study for that profession. During the time he 
was at college he taught at night schools and finally graduated 
from the Syracuse Medical College in the spring of 1854, being en- 
gaged thereafter for two years as professor on Theory and Practice 
of Medicine in his alma mater. He then established himself in 
practice at Carthage, N. Y., where he remained until the fall of 
18^9. During these years the young Doctor made a name for him- 
self, and in 1859 was offered and accepted the professorship 
of physiology and physical science in the Metropolitan Medical 



THE NEV,' YO^T 
PUBLIC 



>sro?'. ! 




TILDE, 


•NATIONS 


.1 


L 



■ 


^^M 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^RD'-c'' ~ 




^^^^^^^^K 




^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^M 


^^^^^^^H ^^^^^^^^B^ '^^^^^^H 



VINCENT A. BAKEK, M. D. 




MEEUB E. BAKEE 



PUBLIC 



Tp 1 




BIOGRAPHICAL 4I 

College of New York City. For six years Dr. Baker filled this po- 
sition with great credit, but in 1866, on account of ill health, a 
change of climate was advised and he came to Michigan, settling 
in Adrian, where he has since resided. In June of the year of his 
coming, he opened ofifices in the Metcalf block, which he has kept 
until recently. For some time he has been looking for a younger 
piiysician who would be capable of taking his practice and he has 
found the man he deems fitted for this position in Dr. Mart Ham- 
mond, a physician who recently came from Ohio, and is known as 
an eclectic physician. Dr. Baker has seen wonderful changes and 
advances made in the practice of medicine during his long experi- 
ence. Bleeding, blistering, emetics and the free use of cathartics, 
was the general practice in the early 50's, but the innovation 
brought about by the new or eclectic school, of which Dr. Baker is 
a member, and the establishment of homeopathic schools of medi- 
cine, have worked marvels in moulding public opinion and modify- 
ing medical practice. This has to a large extent unified and so- 
cialized the medical profession. Dr. Baker possesses a gentle na- 
ture, but has strengtii of character, decisive judgment, and a clear, 
comprehensive conception of every case presented to him for treat- 
ment. He is modest and unassuming and his worth has been her- 
alded bv his patients and friends rather than by himself. He re- 
members the hard struggle he had to fit himself to battle with dis- 
ease, and during his life has assisted thirteen young men to secure 
a medical education, not including his own brothers, four of whom 
were graduates of medical schools. Three of the Doctor's brothers 
practiced the healing art of medicine during the War of the Rebel- 
lion, two of them being promoted from the ranks to the important 
positions of assistant surgeons, and still another was detailed as a 
special detective in the secret service. All four are now deceased. 
Dr. Baker owns six acres of land in the city of Adrian at the foot 
of North Winter street, which he calls his farm, and is also the 
owner of one of the finest residence locations in the city, at the 
corner of Broad and Toledo streets, the very heart of Adrian. The 
generosity of this man can only be realized when we come to the 
knowledge of the fact that he has $16,000 outstanding on his books 
for night work, which saps the energy and life of a physician, and 
an equal amount he has given to the public in addition to saving 
many lives. About three years ago the Doctor practically retired 
from active life to enjoy a respite from his labors, but is still called 
upon to administer to his old friends and patients. When Dr. 
Baker came to Lenawee county Adrian was the second city in the 
state of Michigan, and he has watched with interest its develop- 
ment into a great commercial center. The Doctor is essentially a 
' self-made man. On Jan. i, 1851, Dr. Baker was married to Miss 
Merub R. Hill, the daughter of Hosea and Jerusha (Aldrich) liill, 
of Natural Bridge, N. Y. This union has been blessed by two chil- 
dren, Franklin P.. who died at the age of four years, and Helen, 
whose death occurred when but one year of age. Mrs. Baker was 
born at Natural Bridge, Oct. 10, 1828, and came to Adrian with her 
husband, when he located there. She passed away April 2, 1902. 



42 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Since giving up his active practice the Doctor spends many of the 
summer months at his Lake Rest resort, at Devil's Lake, Lenawee 
county. He escapes the rigors of the Northern Avinters by travel- 
ing in Florida. Dr. Baker has prepared for this work an article on 
"American Eclecticism," which is both interesting and instructive 
and contains valuable information concerning the Eclectic School 
of Medicine. 

American Eclecticism. — I have frequently been asked the mean- 
ing of the term Eclectic, as applied to a medical school, and having 
been granted the privilege of defining it in these historical volumes. 
I avail myself of the same. Alany confound the term Eclectic with 
electricity. Eclectic literally means selecting — to choose from. In 
this sense all systems, or "isms" are Eclectic, whether church, state, 
or society — unifications of any kind. The medical profession — reg- 
ular, irregular or defective — are all Eclectic in spite of themselves, 
as all select or choose. Applied to the Eclectic Medical School, of 
which body the writer is a member, it literally means to choose 
from all sources the remedy or remedies harmonizing with the 
theory, "vires vitales sustinete," literally meaning, sustain vital 
force. Preceding the time of which I write, the old school was very 
heroic in treatment — bleeding, blistering, the use of mercurials 
(calomel) to salivation, and the free use of cathartics and emetics 
was the routine treatment, to modify which the new or Eclectic' 
school had an excuse for being, and to show a little of what the 
Eclectic or new school has done and is doing for the people, is the 
object of this paper. We think any unprejudiced mind will con- 
cede it has done a great good. It has systematized Botany and 
brought its medicinal virtues to bear specifically in the cure of the 
sick so plainl}^ that all the schools are using Eclectic remedies, har- 
mony prevails comparatively and the good work goes on. The 
knowledge that within us is an inherent curative or vital force 
tending to correct morbid or systemic conditions, restoring the sick 
without doctors or medicine, is a self-evident axiom. Bennett (old 
school), in his excellent treatise, page 932, says: "We must learn, 
amid the multitude of suggestions, the number of theories and op- 
posing statements, to reject what is worthless and adopt the truly 
useful, to preserve health as well as to cure the sick, reject errone- 
ous conclusions, etc." To cure with the least possible physical ex- 
pense is to harmonize with Nature. Cause removal all physicians 
aim to accomplish. Each of the schools difTers somewhat as to the 
means to accomplish the same ends. The Eclectic or New School 
rejects, save in extreme cases, the use of opiates to relieve pain or 
quiet refractory nerves, using instead remedies that will remove 
the cause. Morphine, cocaine, chloral, alcoholics and heroic drug- 
ging generally benumb sensibility and retard recovery; albeit, in 
extreme cases, of the two evils we need choose the least, and, if ju- 
diciously used, there are times when their use is a boon to the suf- 
ferer. But consider the army of habitues that are slaves to the 
habit, the intellects dwarfed, the useless members of society, made 
so primarily because these remedies are prescribed too indiscrim- 
inately — so subtle are these drugs in their influence that the habit 



BIOGRAPHICAL 43 

is formed and the victim continues their use long after ceasing to 
be a patient, usually to the end of life. These and other sundry 
wrongs, practiced in the past, induced a few members of the then 
existing medical practice to form an alliance and institute reform 
in methods of treating the sick. Wooster, Beach, Jones, Newton, 
King, Morrow, Payne, and others, members of the old school, were 
among these early reformers. The result was the birth of the Ec- 
lectic or New School. The benign influence of remedies obtained 
from the vegetable kingdom in curing the sick was made a special 
study and now Eclectics point with pride to the useful and exact 
remedies developed by them, and from which all schools borrow. 
The following paragraph I copy from an article entitled "Plant 
Remedies" : 

"Over seventy-five years have been devoted to the develop- 
ment of the Eclectic medicinal plant remedies. Physicians general- 
ly have now become aware of the excellence of these preparations, 
all of which are labeled under their scientific names, and are of def- 
inite valuation. Increasingly, of late, have piiysicians of other 
schools given them their attention, the list numbering the most 
valuable therapeutic agents known to the world. The Pharma- 
copoeia of every country carries one or more of these preparations 
in its pages. Eclectic physicians have always felt free to draw 
from the remedies of other schools, giving credit to whom credit 
is due. To have done otherwise would have been neither profes- 
sional, scientific, ethical, nor fair to the originators. It is a pleasure 
to know that one's effort to give and take are appreciated. When 
Dr. Thomas S. Blair, a prominent physician and author, of the ma- 
jority school, gives in his 'Materia Medica and Therapeutics' full 
credit to the remedies that originated in the Eclectic school, he 
serves both the physicians who desire the information, and credits 
himself and the branch of medicine with which he professionally 
affiliates." 

Seventy-five years back there existed a class of doctors, styling 
themselves "botanic," who did no inconsiderable business in treat- 
ing the sick. There was also a few called "Thomsonians," who 
practiced steaming and giving emetics. A waggish extract from 
a verse of the times says : 

"They puked 'em, purged 'em and sweat 'em ; 
Then if they died, they let 'em." 

All of these practitioners had a degree of success; so, indeed, 
will any method have, no matter what they call themselves or how 
unreasonable the theory and treatment advocated, as people will 
die under good treatment and get well under very bad treatment, 
or in spite of the treatment. Any "cult," however absurd, has ad- 
herents. In every civilized country there is a large number who, 
from various causes and symptoms, think they are ill and apply to 
physicians for betterment, when the real cause of their ailments is 
incorrect methods of living. They want sympathy and encourage- 
ment and can readily find it by joining any of the various "cults." 



44 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Their trouble being functional, good cheer and encouragement 
— they can if they think they can — frequently works wonderful 
"cures." Correct home-training will right all this. Anatomy, 
Chemistry, Physiology and Hygiene are the same in all medical 
schools, the difference being in medical practice, and just here 
comes in the part advocated by intelligent physicians of all schools : 
Aid Nature, put matters to rights, and she will do the rest. The 
true physician is ready for emergencies — fractures, dislocations, va- 
rious conditions from accidents, etc. — wherein self-styled '"healers" 
fail. To recapitulate : 

ist. The reform in medical practice has been brought about 
by the Eclectic and Homeopathic schools, and other influences 
and lasting benefits have been conferred. 

2d. The eschewing of opiates — as morphine, codia, chloral, co- 
caine and other dangerous and habit-forming drugs — except in ex- 
treme cases. 

3d. The avoidance of drugging heroically. 

4th. The study of drugs specifically; i. e., the tendency any 
remedy may have, singly, to induce a oneness of effect in the cure 
of disease. 

5th. A needed reform in methods of home or family education, 
discouraging the use of tobacco, especially among the 3'outh, and 
correct methods of life, generally. Home agitation and study of 
these evils will do great good and aid in stamping out the great 
"white plague." Much more can be said, but limited space for- 
bids. V. A. Baker. 

George L. Bennett, assistant to the president of the Page 
AVoven Wire Fence Company, and one of the most substantial 
citizens of Adrian, was born in Rollin township, Lenawee county. 
Michigan, Dec. 22, 1859. He is a son of Gershom B. and Maria L. 
(Rawson) Bennett, the former of whom was born in Shelby, 
Orleans county. New York, Jan. 2, 1822. and the latter in Macedon, 
Wayne county. New York, Aug. 26, 1822. The paternal grand- 
father was Deacon Matthew Bennett, born in Orange countv, New 
York, in 1778, who removed with his parents to the vicinity of 
Wilkesbarre, Pa., in 1792. His residence in the Keystone state 
continued until 1805, and in that year he returned to New York 
state, settling on a farm in Tioga county. Conditions in that region 
did not meet with his approval, however, and eleven years later, 
in 1816, he removed to Shelby, Orleans county, and purchased a 
farm. Subsequently he located at Alabama. Genesee cotmty. 
Deacon Bennett had been married while a resident of Wilkesbarre 
to Miss Nancy Brace, and their eldest son, Davis D., came to 
Lenawee county in 1828. The following year he returned to the 
New York home of his parents enthused with the prospects of the 
then far West. The grandfather determined to seek his fortune 
in the new country and after successfully disposing of his New 
York interests came to Lenawee county in 1834. Under the home- 
stead law he entered 480 acres of land in Rollin township and 
there resided until within a few years of his death, which occurred 
at Fairfield, in October, 1863, some twelve years after his wife's 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



45 



demise. The father of the subject of this review, Gershom B. 
Bennett, came to this county with his parents in 1834. He was 
schooled in the hardships of a new country, helping his father to 
erect the third house built in Rollin township and taking- advan- 
tage of such scholastic opportunities as were ofifered in the schools 
of the day. He w^as one of ten children in the family, and today is 
the only survivor. For fifty-six 3'ears he followed agricultural 
pursuits on the farm which his father had entered, the property 
being divided between the sons when they came of age. In 1880 
he removed to Adrian, but the inactivity of a city life did not satisfy 
his active nature and a year later he purchased sixty acres of land 
in Adrian township and for ten years operated that place. In 
1891 he again removed to Adrian, and resided there until 1905, 
leaving to settle in Santa Cruz, Cal., where he now lives retired. 
The mother died on Jan. 3, 1902. She was one of the most respected 
and universally loved people in the community and her death after 
fifty-eight years of married life was a deep loss to the neighbor- 
hood. Beside her husband she left three children. The eldest, 
Rev. E. R. Bennetl:, is a I'aptist minister, li\'ing at Santa Cruz, 
Cal., who attended Medina Academy, and Kalamazoo College, and 
was ordained after graduation from the Rochester Theological 
Seminary, of Rochester, X. Y. Emma, now Mrs. George A. Cook, 
a resident of Santa Cruz, attended the Clayton High School and 
the Medina Academy. The mother was descended from a line of 
patriots, one of her ancestors having participated in the Revolu- 
tionary war as a soldier in the Continental army. George L. Ben- 
nett recei\'ed his i^rimary education in the "little red school house" 
of Rollin township and the Adrian High School, graduating with 
the class of 1879. Later he took a course at the University of 
Michigan in the department of law, and" in 1883 that institution 
granted him the degree of Bachelor of Eaws. Upon his return to 
Adrian he entered upon the practice of his profession, and for fen 
years was continuously engaged in it. For two terms he served 
as circuit court commissioner, and for four years was assistant 
prosecuting attorney when Hon. D. B. Morgan was prosecuting 
attorney. After his retirement from public office he and Mr. 
Morgan occupied offices together, but did not form a partnership. 
Impaired health necessitated his retirement from the active practice 
of law, and at the earnest solicitation of J. \\^allace Page he be- 
came attorney for the Page Woven Wire Fence Company, and one 
of the first sales managers for the company. At the present time 
he is a stockholder in the company and assistant to the president. 
The Baptist church of Adrian has no more loyal worker and mem- 
ber than Mr. Bennett. He has been intensely interested in Sunday 
school work, and for a number of years was superintendent of the 
Sunday school of the Baptist Church, but ill health compelled his 
retirement in the spring of 1908. On June 28, 1905. Mr. Bennett 
was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Chesney. a daughter of 
Rev. E. Chesney, a Baptist minister now at Bucyrus, Ohio. Mrs. 
Bennett was born in Canada, but came to Kalamazoo, Mich., with 
her parents when fifteen years of age. She is a graduate of Kala- 



46 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

mazoo College in the class of 1889. The Bennett home is at No. i 
Broad street, corner of Church, one of the beautiful residence dis- 
tricts of the cit}'. 

John Jacob Betz, of Adrian, a dealer in flour, grain, baled hay 
and straw, smoked and salt meats, groceries and provisions, was 
born in Steinenberg, Schorndorf, Wurtemburg, Germany, on April 
6, 1 841. The father was also named John Jacob, and the mother 
was Mary Treiber, both born in the Fatherland, where the former 
was a weaver by occupation. There were seven children in the 
parents' family, six of whom are living and one other, Gottlieb 
Betz, lives in Adrian. John J. Betz received his scholastic training 
in the excellent public school system of Germany, and learned the 
trade of corset and woolen weaver. In August, 1869, he came to 
the United States, landing in Baltimore, whence he came direct 
to Adrian. For a year and a half after his arrival he was employed 
in the paint shops of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway. 
During the eight years immediately following he followed the 
trade of weaver, and then for a number of years did job and piece 
work at different times. On April 3, 1893, with his son J. Fred, 
he formed a partnership in the grocery business under the firm 
name of J. Betz & Son, which continued for six years. Since that 
time he has been successfull}'- and lucratively engaged in his pres- 
ent occupation at the same location, 29 Tecumseh street. Although 
he has given unswerving allegiance to the Republican party since 
he became a citizen of the United States he has never sought to 
become his party's candidate for public office of any nature. He 
was reared in the Lutheran faith and today is numbered among 
devout communicants of St. John's Church of that faith in Adrian. 
On Dec. 19, 1869, Mr. Betz was united in marriage to Miss Chris- 
tine Waibel, born in Germany, April 18, 1850. Mr. and Mrs. Betz 
had known each other in the Fatherland and had made the journey 
across the ocean on the same vessel. Mrs. Betz is the only sur- 
vivor of her family, all the rest having died in Germany. Eight 
children were the issue of this marriage, six of whom are now mar- 
ried. They are J. Fred, of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in 
this work; Carrie, now Mrs. Gustave Abel, of Chicago; John J., Jr., 
of Kewanee, 111.; Charles J., of Toledo, Ohio; Mary, the wife of 
Charles Collar, of Adrian; Bertha, now Mrs. Otis Coffin, of Ann 
Arbor, Mich. ; Otto, of Ashland, Ky., and Edith, at home. Mr. and 
Mrs. Betz have twelve grandchildren. 

Charles A. Blair, M. D., founder of the Hal C. Blair Hospital 
at Morenci, and a prominent practicing physician of Lenawee 
county, is a Canadian by birth, having been born in Smithville, 
Ont., Jan. i, 1859. He is the son of the late James Blair, the 
veteran surveyor of Lenawee coimty. When but seven years of 
age, he came to Morenci with his father, and received his early 
educational advantages in that village. When he had reached his 
sixteenth year he learned the art of sign and carriage painting, 
at which he worked for a time, but later became interested in the 
drug business and engaged in it as a clerk at Weston, there becom- 
ing a registered pharmacist. During his spare moments he studied 



BIOGRAPHICAL 47 

medicine. Dr. Blair and R. J. Dunn purchased the drug store of 
X. R. Brown, of Weston, and the firm name was changed to C. A. 
Blair & Company. He was also appointed postmaster of Weston 
by President James A. Garfield, and filled the office most 
acceptably. He was succeeded as postmaster by A. J. W^alters, to 
whom they sold the drug store, and was tendered and accepted the 
Toronto, Canada, agency for John C. A\'est & Company of Chicago, 
wholesale patent medicine dealers. Subsequently he had an oppor- 
tunity to fulfill his desire to finish a medical course, and went to 
Detroit, where in 1892 he was granted the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine hv the Michigan College of [Medicine and Sursrerv, of 
which Dr. H. C. Wyman is dean, and was valedictorian of his 
class. 'J^he same year he began his professional practice in Morenci 
and has since been most successfully engaged. On Friday, July 
24. 190S, was formally opened the Hal C. Blair Hospital, founded 
b\- Dr. Blair and now conducted by him and Dr. Claude A. Tall- 
man, and named in memory of a son of Dr. Blair, who was killed 
on July 10. 1905. Mcxlern in every detail, finely equipped and ex- 
quisitely finished, it is fully prepared to accommodate patients, and 
the well recognized skill and capacity of Drs. Blair and Tallman 
give assurance of as excellent care as can be had in any of the large 
hospitals of the countr\'. Dr. IMair is a Republican in the matter 
of politics and is now health officer of the township and the village. 
P'raternally he is allied with the Masonic order and the Knights of 
Pythias. On March 10, 1896, was solemnized. Dr. Blair's marriage 
to Miss Leo Rice, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Rice, of Ca- 
nandaigua, Lenawee county. Mrs. Blair was educated in the 
schools of Morenci and Milan. Two children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Blair, one the child who was killed as above noted, 
and Helen, who is attending school. 

Charles L. Blake, who is living retired on his farm in Ogden 
townshi]) after a well-spent and useful life, was born in Utica, N. 
Y., Feb. 13, 1842. He is the son of Charles and Rachel (Ford) 
Blake, the former born in Massachusetts in 1803, and the latter a 
native of Connecticut. The father, who was a blacksmith, mi- 
grated to New York when he was a young man and established 
himself in business in L'tica. For a time he served in the United 
States navy. Both parents passed away in 1859, leaving two chil- 
dren, Charles L. of this sketch, and Sarah M., the wife of John 
Simpson. Mr. Blake attended the public schools of Utica and 
finished the courses prescribed for t4ie grade schools. When but 
seventeen A'ears of age he started out to earn his own living and 
found employment in woolen mills and various occupations m the 
Empire state. On Nov. 19, 1864. he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany K. Eighteenth New York cavalry, rose to the rank of 
corporal, and was mustered out on Nov. 19. 1865. During his 
term of service he saw some hard campaigning and was laid up two 
and a half months in a hospital. After the war he engaged in 
farming, and in 1867 came to Ogden township, where he found em- 
ployment with Samuel Hopkins, who later became his father-in- 
law. Later he purchased his present farm, cleared and drained the 



48 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

land and made all the improvements on the property. Some 
months ago he gave up the active management of the place, which 
is now carried on with the same degree of excellence as before by 
his son Raymond S. Fraternally and socially Mr. Blake is affiliated 
with David Becker Post, No. 25, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
Ogden, Lodge. No. 269, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Of 
the first named order he is now serving his tenth year as treasurer, 
and has served one year as post commander. In the matter of poli- 
tics he is aligned with the Republican party, and has served two 
years as town treasurer and two years on the school board. On 
Jan. I, 1868. Mr. Blake was united in marriage to Miss Jennie Hop- 
kins, daughter of Samuel and Sttsannah (Loar) Hopkins, of Preston 
county, West Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Hopkins came to Ogden 
township in 1855 and purchased 120 acres of land, upon which they 
lived until within a few years of their respective deaths . They were 
the parents of eleven children, and four of the daughters beside 
Mrs. Blake live in Lenawee county. They are Mary, the widow of 
Willett Fisher, li^-ing in Palmyra; Margaret, the widow of Henry 
Dawson, living at Ogden Station ; Zula, wife of Enos T. Huey. a 
farmer of Ogden township ; and Rose, the widow of Hamilton 
Hoag. To Mr. and Mrs. Blake was born a son, Raymond S. He 
married Miss Lydia E. Sebring, daughter of George A. and Clarissa 
(Crockeft) Sebring, old and respected residents of Ogden 
township, and they have four children. Arlie C.. Carey G., 
Doris E. and Morris F., all of whom make their home with the 
subject of this review, the son having the active conduct and man- 
agement of his father's farm. 

Fletcher J. Bishop, who is now living retired in the village of 
Morenci. where he has an attractive home, is one of the loyal sons 
of the republic who went forth in its defense in the climacteric 
epoch of the Civil war. and in the "piping times of peace" he has 
manifested the same fidelity and loyalty and has gained victories 
which stand equally much to his credit and honor. Mr. Bishop was 
born in Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, May 13, 1837, a 
son of Cornelius and Catherine (Jones) Bishop, the former of whom 
was a native of England, and the latter of whom was born and 
reared in the old Keystone State of the Union, where their mar- 
riage w^as solemnized. Cornelius Bishop was a gun-smith by trade 
and he followed this vocation about thirty years, at the expiration 
of which he came from Pennsylvania to Ohio and located in AA^il- 
liams county, whence he later removed to Fulton county, where 
he became a substantial farmer and where he wielded due influence 
as a citizen of sterling character and high order of intelligence. 
Both he and his wife continued to reside in Ftilton county until 
their death, and the names of both merit a place upon the roll of 
the honored pioneers of that section of the Buckeye state. They 
were zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and in 
his political proclivities the father was a Democrat. Of the chil- 
dren who attained to years of maturity only two are now living— 
Jeannette, who is the wife of Harmong Mansfield, of Medina town- 
ship, this county, and Fletcher J., who is the immediate subject of 



> 
a 






tn 

I— I 

t— -1 

o 




BIOGRAPHICAL 49 

this sketch. Those deceased are: Rebecca, William, Harriet, 
Sarah J. (wife of James R. Gilkey, of Adrian), Emily and Cordelia 
(wife of Cyrus Baldwin, of Morenci). Fletcher J. Bishop was 
reared on the old homestead farm in Fulton county, Ohio, where 
he enjoyed such educational adAantages as were afforded in the 
common schools of the period. He continued to be engaged in 
farm work until 1859, when his venturesome spirit led him to make 
his way across the plains to Pike's Peak, Colo., to which point he 
made the journey on foot for nearly the entire distance. After his 
return to Ohio he continued to be identified with farm work until 
the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion, when his youthful patri- 
otism and loyalty prompted him to tender his services in the cause 
of the jeopardized Union. In October, 1861, at which time he was 
twenty-four years of age, Mr. Bishop enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany H, Third Ohio cavalry, with which gallant command, whose 
record is one without blemish, he proceeded to the front, where 
the regiment became a part of the Army of the Potomac. The his- 
tory of this regiment practically stands as the record of the army 
career of Mr. Bishop, who participated in virtually all conflicts in 
which his command was involved. He took part in twenty battles, 
besides numerous skirmishes and other minor engagements, and 
he continued in active field duty until December, 1864, when he re- 
ceived his honorable discharge. After the close of the war Mr. 
Bishop was engaged in the operation of saw mills in Ohio for a 
period of three years, and he then turned his attention once more 
to agricultural pursuits. He became the owner, of a fine farm in 
Chesterfield township, Fulton county, Ohio, and to the manage- 
ment of this estate he continued to give his active supervision until 
1890, when he took up his residence in the village of INIorenci, 
where he has since lived a retired life and where he is held in high 
esteem by all who know him. His political support is given to the 
principles and policies for which the Democratic party stands spon- 
sor, and while residing on his farm he served for several terms as 
supervisor of Qiesterfield township. He is a member of the Mo- 
renci post of the Grand Army of the Republic, and has been in- 
cum])ent of several ofiicial stations in the same. He is a member of 
the United Brethren church, as was also his wife, who died Oct. 
30, 1905. and wdiose mortal remains rest in beautiful Oak Grove 
cemetery at Morenci. Aug. 21, 1866, stands on record as the date 
\\'hich marked the marriage of Mr. Bishop to Miss Julia Ann Smith. 
who was born and reared in Fulton county, Ohio, and who was a . 
daughter of Henry L. and Eunice (Dunlap) Smith, both of^whom 
were natives of New Jersey, whence they removed to Fulton 
county, Ohio, in the pioneer days. ^Iv. Smith became one of the 
representative farmers of Chesterfield township and was a citizen 
of distinctive prominence and influence in the community. He re- 
mained on his old homestead until his death, as did also his wife. 
In politics he was a staunch advocate of the principles of the Dem- 
ocratic party. In conclusion is entered the following brief record 
concerning the children of Mr. and Mrs. Bishop, and it will be noted 
that all but one survive the loved and devoted mother: Arthur C. 

4-2V 



50 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

is a successful farmer in Chesterfield township, Fulton county, 
Ohio; William 'H. is identified with business interests in the vil- 
lage of Morenci ; Charles F. died in childhood ; James H. is a rep- 
resentative farmer of Medina township, Lenawee county; Blanche 
Sarah is the wife of Craig Hyslop, of Morenci ; Ralph C. resides at 
Huntington, Ind., and Ernest E. is a resident of Grass Lake, Jack- 
son county, Michigarl, where he is engaged in newspaper work. 

Henry F. Bohn, who was born in Adrian on March 8, 1871, is 
one of the leading butchers in the city of his birth. He is the son 
of Charles and Mary (Greschow) Bohn, both born in Mecklenburg, 
Germany, where they were married. The father served some time 
as a private in the German army, and also worked as a laborer 
before coming to the United States in 1868. After landing in New 
York the parents came direct to Lenawee Junction, where they lived 
for a year before coming to Adrian. The mother died on Alay 15, 
1908, and the father now lives at 91 East Maple avenue. Of the 
nine children born to the parents five survive. Henry F., of this 
sketch, is the eldest; Charles lives in Adrian; Anna is the wife of 
James Allen, of Adrian ; Christopher lives in this city ; and Fred 
makes his home in Toledo, Ohio. All the children were born in 
Adrian and received their educational advantages in the German 
parochial and the public schools. After the completion of his schol- 
astic training Flenry F. Bohn learned the butcher's trade, in which 
he has since been continuously and successfully engaged. For eight 
years he was with Peter Spielman and then engaged in the busi- 
ness imder his own name at 93 East Maple avenue, which property 
he now owns. In the matter of politics he has always espoused the 
cause of Democracy and in 1903 was elected to represent the Sixth 
Avard in the city council. In the spring of 1908 he was re-elected to 
the same position, his colleague being Joseph Michael. Fraternally 
and socially Mr. Bohn is allied with the Fraternal Order of Eagles 
and the German AVorkingmen's Society. Reared in the Lutheran 
faith, he is today one of the most devout communicants of St. 
John's Church of that denomination. On Nov. 24, 1893, Mr. Bohn 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary AVoller, a daughter of John 
and Ricka Woller, both of whom were born in Germany and came 
to the United States about 1869. Mrs. Bohn was born in Adrian 
and attended the Lutheran parochial and the public schools. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Bohn have been born the following children : Helen 
L., Meta, Elmira L., Elsie M., Irving M., and Walter G.— the eldest 
now fourteen years of age. 

George Boulton, one of the prosperous farmers of Palmyra 
township, was born in Orleans count}-. New York, March 14, 1832. 
He is the son of William J. and Nancy (Kelly) Boulton, the former 
of whom was born in London. England, June 24. 1798. and the 
latter at St. Albans, Vt., of Scotch parentage, in 1800. The father 
came from Adelaide, Australia, to America in 1812, on board a Brit- 
ish man-of-war, known as a seventy-four, and he and five others 
deserted as soon as the vessel landed at Quebec. He then made his 
way to the lower end of Lake Ontario, and at once enlisted in the 
L^nited States service in the War of 1812. For a time after the war 



DIOGRAPIIICAL 5 1 

he worked at Saint Catherine, Ontario, then went to New York, 
where lie engaged in agricultural pursuits, and while there served 
as a captain in the New York militia. In 1835 he moved west to 
Lenawee county, Michigan, and purchased the property where the 
son now resides, clearing and improving the same. He remained 
on the farm until his death, which occurred in 1886, just thirty 
}'ears after his wife's demise. George Boulton's educational advan- 
tages were limited to the courses afforded by the district schools 
of Palmyra township in an early day. \\'hen he was twelve or 
thirteen years of age he earned his first money by husking corn 
for iJan lUish. and with the wages he received he purchased a 
musket. During the following winter he was employed in cutting 
wood, and for the next few months was variously employed in 
laving track, working in a brickyard and other occupations. He 
then went to northern Wisconsin and assisted in the erection of 
sawmills at Waupaca and Stevens Point, working in the pineries in 
the winter months. In 1855 with John P>rown, the martyred aboli- 
tiiiuist. he went to Kansas, and with that famous anti-slavery 
leader participated in the fateful struggle which determined 
whether Kansas should be a slave or a free state. In 1861 he 
returned to Penawee county, expecting to make his father a visit 
of perhaps thirty days. It was at the time tlTat so many young 
men were hastening to the nation's aid at Lincoln's call, and he 
became imbued with the martial enthusiasm which was prompting 
the others. Heeding his father's desire in the matter he refrained 
from enlisting at that time, and remained with his parent until 
]H()4. Then, being anxious to have some part in the great inter- 
necine struggle, he enlitsed as a private in Company H of the Elev- 
enth Michigan infantry, and served for nine months, or until the 
cessation of hostilities. After his return from Nashville, Tenn., 
where he had received his honorable discharge, he worked his 
father's farm for two years, and for four years immediately follow- 
ing operated a place which he rented. \\'hen his lease expired 
there he purchased twenty acres of his father's original tract, 
cleared and imjjroved it and built a house in 1874. Subsequently 
he added twenty more acres to his original purchase and eventually 
took over the whole of the old homestead. He expects to make 
the place his home for the balance of his life, and has made all 
improvements with that end in view. At the present time he is 
living i)raciicallv retired, one of his sons attending to the active 
supervision of the farm. While in Kansas he became the owner 
of two farms, but disposed of them before enlisting for service in 
the Civil war. :\[r. Boulton's onlv fraternal or social relations 
are with the Palmyra Post, Grand Army of the Republic. Although 
he has strong Rep'ublican proclivities in the matter of politics he is 
generallv independent in local afifairs, exercising his right of suf- 
frage in the wav in which he thinks it will do the most for the 
betterment of the community. On Nov. 25, 1865, Mr. Boulton 
was happilv married to Miss Sarah Ann Jacklin, born in Toledo, 
Ohio, in 1844. the daughter of Edward and Jane (BufT) Jacklin. 
Her father was born in Lincolnshire, England, and her mother 



52 MEMOIRS CJF LKXAWEE COUNTY 

on the Isle of \\'ig;ht. They came to Ohio in 1844, and later to 
Adrian, where for several years he was a section foreman on the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway. Subsequently he pur- 
chased a farm and followed the calling of an agriculturist. His 
death occurred on Dec. 25, 1905, in his ninety-third year. His wife 
passed awa}^ several years before. Eleven children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Boulton ; Ella, the eldest, lives in Adrian ; Margaret 
is the wife of Richard Polly, an engineer of Toledo, Ohio ; Nancy, 
now living in Los Angeles, Cal., is the widow of Charles Patter- 
son; Isabelle is the wife of Henry A\'ilnow, a farmer of Adrian 
township ; \\'illiam is employed in a freight house at Los Angeles, 
Cal. ; Mary is the wife of Holloway Sawyer, a sketch of whom 
appears elsewhere in this volume; Charlotte is the wife of Elmer 
Parkhurst. a jeweler in Clayton, Mich.; George is unmarried and 
resides with his parents ; Xelson is married and is engaged in 
farming near Quincy, Mich. ; Grace is the widow of Albert Iser- 
man, and lives in Los Angeles, Cal. ; and James is in the United 
States marine service at Annapolis, Md. It is a remarkable fact 
that this very large famil}^ are all living and enjoying the Best of 
health, wdiich is unusual in this day and age of small families. 

Daniel E. Bowen is a representative in both the paternal and 
maternal lines of honored pioneer families of Lenawee county, 
which has been his home from the time of his'birth, and in which he 
now holds prestige as a successful farmer and stock-raiser. He 
was born in Clinton township, this county, April 16, 1844, a son 
of Nathaniel K. and Betsey Elizabeth (Spaulding) Bowen, both 
natives of Ontario county, New York, the former born on Feb. 15,' 
1810, and the latter on March 12, 1815. Their marriage was 
solemnized in the old Empire state, whence they came to the new 
state of Michigan in 1839. They located in Clinton township, 
Lenawee county, w^here the father developed a farm of seventy 
acres, the land having been virtually a forest wilderness at the 
time when it came into his possession. Here he passed the remain- 
der of his long and useful life, whose termination came on Feb. 
25, 1891, and here his loved and devoted wife and helpmeet died on 
Dec. 31, 1895. They are survived by three children. Nathaniel K. 
Bowen was a man of unbending integrity and a citizen who ever 
commanded public confidence and esteem. Though not active in 
political affairs he was known as a staunch supporter of the Repub- 
lican party, with which he became identified at virtually the time 
of its organization. He was a son of George and Parmelia (Booth) 
Bowen, the former born on July 9, 1783, and the latter on Aug. 28, 
1785. This worthy couple were married in .the state of New York, 
Dec. 12, 1805, and came to Lenawee county in 1836, about one year 
prior to the admission of the state of Michigan into the Union. Of 
their twelve children only two are now living: Mrs. Cordelia 
Allen, born Jan. 5, 1827, and who now resides in the city of Chicago, 
and Myron Bowen, born April 25, 1824, and now a resident of Man- 
ton, Wexford county, Michigan. George Bowen was a valiant 
soldier in the War of 1812, and representatives of the family were 
also found as soldiers in the Continental line during the war of 



BIOGRAPHICAL . 53 

the Revolution. Daniel E. Bowen. to whom this sketch is dedi- 
cated, was reared under the conditions obtaining in Lenawee 
county during the pioneer era, and he soon found his services in 
requisition in connection with the development of the home farm, 
while during the winter months he attended the common schools 
of Clinton township. He has never wavered in his allegiance to 
the great elemental industry of agriculture and is now the owner 
of a well improved farm of 140 acres, in Clinton township. The 
place, has modern accessories and conveniences ; the buildings are 
of substantial order, and there is ample evidence of the energy and 
progressive ideas which the owner has brought to bear in carry- 
ing forward the work of the various departments of the farm enter- 
prise. He has been duly prospered and is recognized as one of 
the substantial agriculturists and stock-farmers of his native 
county, as well as one of its sterling citizens. In politics he is 
aligned as a supporter of the Republican party. He now intrusts 
the general management of his farm to his only son, though he 
linds pleasure in personally maintaining a supervision of the work 
which engrossed his attention for so many years. On Dec. 24, 
1873, Mr. Bowen was united in marriage to Miss Mary L. Gillett, 
who was born in Monroe county, Michigan, in 1850, and whose 
death occurred on Dec. 8, 1897. She was a daughter of John and 
Lucretia Gillett, early settlers of Monroe county, where they con- 
tinued to reside until their death. Mr. and Mrs. Bowen became 
the parents of two children, both of whom survive the devoted 
mother. Zella 1., born May 4, 1877, is now the wife of Frederick 
Frost, of Detroit, and they have one child, Elwood. Roy E., born 
in 1879, was educated in the public schools of Clinton township, 
and now has the active management of the home farm. 

Melville H. Bowen, an enthusiastic and thrifty agriculturist of 
Palmyra township, was born on a farm two miles south of Janes- 
ville. Rock county, Wisconsin, April 7, 185 1. He is the son of 
John W. and Jane (Bowen) Bowen, both born in Otsego county, 
Xew York, the former at Middleheld, Aug. 29, 1825, and the latter 
in Cherry A'^alley township in 1828. The parents were married 
on Oct. 12, 1848, and in INIay of the following year moved west 
to Rock county, A\'isconsin. There the father was engaged in 
farming until 1864, and then came to Lenawee county. His first 
farm in the county was in Raisin township, but in 1876 he disposed 
of it and removed to Palmyra township, where he purchased the 
farm of 105 acres where his son Melville now resides. In 1892 he 
retired from active participation in the affairs of life and removed 
to Adrian, where his death occurred two years later. His widow 
survived him but two years. He was a prominent citizen of Wis- 
consin, and at one time was a candidate for member of the state 
legislature on the Democratic ticket. Seven children were the 
issue of the marriage of the parents. William E., born Aug. 31, 
1849, is a retired farmer living at Howard City, Mich.; Melville H. 
is the subject of this review; Abbie Frances, born Jan. 16, 1853, 
died in infancy; Dwight P., born Jan. 10, 1855, died July 16, 1888; 
Clara Belle, born April 5, 1857, is the widow of Dion H. Pope, 



54 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

of Palmyra township; Jennie E., born Feb. 6, i860, died Feb. 8, 
1891 ; and John W., born March 15, 1863, died in April, 1899. 
Melville H. Bowen's education was received in the district schools 
of Raisin township and in Tecumseh. He remained at home until 
he was twenty years of age and then went west to Junction City, 
Kas. There he formed a partnership and with his associate went 
to Texas, where they purchased a herd of cattle which they drove 
to near Abilene, Kas. When they reached that point, the herd 
was divided and Mr. Bowen kept his portion for a year. At the 
end of that time he formed a partnership with his brother in the 
cattle business, which kept them occupied for another twelve 
months. Then for eighteen months the brothers were engaged in 
the music business in Junction City. The subject of this review 
returned to Michigan, when he disposed of his interest in the last 
named venture, and engaged in farming, conducting in connection 
with his agricultural interests a cheese factory. In 1884 he began 
buying and shipping hay, and by 1893 that business had grown to 
such proportions that he sold his farm and moved to Adrian to 
devote his entire time to it. Four years later, in 1897, he returned 
to farming, but still maintained his interest in dealing in hay until 
1906. In that 3'ear he dropped it and has since given his entire 
time to the management of his farm. Fraternally Mr. Bowen is 
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order 
of Foresters, and has held all the chairs in the gift of the Palmyra 
Lodge, \\'oodmen of the \\'orld. In the matter of politics he 
espouses the cause of the Democratic party, but has never sought 
to become its candidate for any public office. ]\Ir. Bowen has been 
twice married. On Alarcli 14, 1883, was celebrated his union to 
Miss Belle Isley, born in Palmyra township on April 25, 1861, the 
daughter of Thomas Isley. She died on April i, 1892, leaving a 
son, Dwight Carroll, born Nov. i, 1884. Dwight Carroll Bowen 
married Miss Irene Jacklin, the daughter of James Jacklin, and 
the issue of his marriage Avas two sons, Harold, born March 23, 
1903, and Dwight, born July 16, 1905, died Aug. 19, 1908. On April 
23, 1898, Mr. Bowen married Miss Louie E. Day, born in Hillsdale 
county. Michigan, March 19, 1874, the daughter of Baron and 
Alice (Bulhand) Da}-. Her father was born in Hillsdale county, 
on Aug. 3, 1853, and his wife was born in New York state on Nov. 
18, 1854. The}' are still living, respected residents of Hillsdale. 
To the second marriage of Mr. Bowen was born on July 4, 1900, a 
son, Melville H., Jr. The parents of Mr. Bowen were both enthusi- 
astic and charter members of the Universalist church at Tecumseh, 
and Melville H. has ever felt partial to that denomination, although 
having never united with it. 

John T. Boyce, a resident of Lenawee county from his boyhood 
days, is a member of one of the sterling pioneer families of the 
county, and one of the representative farmers and stock-growers 
of Macon township, where he owns and operates the old homestead 
secured by his honored father more than forty years ago. He has 
served in various offices of public trust and is influential in local 
affairs — a citizen of loyalty and progressive spirit and one to whom 



BIOGRAPHICAL 55 

is accorded unequivocal confidence and regard in the community 
which has so long been his home. Mr. Boyce is a native of the city 
of Baltimore, Md., where he was born on June 24. 1853, a son of 
Thomas and Mary Jane (Wylie) Boyce, both natives of County 
Antrim, Ireland, the former born on Oct. 21, 1826, and the latter 
on Aug. 29, 1827. Their marriage was solemnized in the city of 
Baltimore, Md., to which state Thomas Boyce immigrated from his 
native land when twenty-two years of age. He was accompanied 
by his parents, John and Jane (Telford) Boyce, representatives of 
staunch old Irish stock, and about 1857 the family came to Lenawee 
county, Michigan, and settled in Macon township. There they 
remained for a number of years, after which they located on a 
farm in Clinton township, where the parents passed the residue of 
their long and useful lives. John Boyce died in 1883, and his wife 
passed away in 1889. Of their nine children, two sons and one 
daughter are now living. John A\'ylie, the maternal grandfather 
of the subject of this review, passed his entire life in the Emerald 
Isle. After his death his wife, whose maiden name was Agnes 
Sherrard, came to America, and in 1845 became a resident of the 
city of Baltimore. She passed the closing years of her life in 
Lenawee county, Michigan, where she died in 1876, in Macon town- 
ship. Thomas Boyce came to this county in 1855 ^^^ ^^st settled 
on a farm in Tecumseh township, but later removed to Macon 
township, where he purchased a farm of eighty acres, to which 
he subsequently added thirty acres adjoining, and here he devel- 
oped one of the valuable properties of the county. He continued 
to reside on this homestead during the remainder of his life, whose 
termination came on Sept. 21, 1904. His widow still resides with 
her children, from whom she is accorded the deepest filial solici- 
tude, and the same high measure of esteem which was given to her 
honored husband. The latter was a Democrat in his political 
allegiance, and from his childhood was a member of the Presby- 
terian church, of which his wife also is a devoted member. Of the 
seven children six are living. John T. Boyce, the immediate sub- 
ject of this sketch, secured his early education in the public schools 
of Tecumseh township and his entire active career has been one 
of prolific identification with agricultural pursuits, in which he has 
found ample opportunity for the attaining of definite success and 
advancement. He now operates the old homestead of no acres, 
which is improved with excellent buildings and is under a high 
state of cultivation. He is known as one of the progressive agri- 
culturists and stock-growers of Macon to\ynship. The farm is 
located on rural mail delivery route Xo. 2, from Tecumseh, and 
his home is equipped with telephone and other modern conveni- 
ences which make the life on the farm far more attractive than 
that enjoyed by earlier generations. In national and state aiTairs, 
where definite issues are involved, Mr. Boyce is a supporter of the 
principles and policies of the Democratic party, but in local matters 
he is not dominated by partisan lines. AA'hile a resident of Tecum- 
seh township he served as highway commissioner, and was for 
fifteen vears a member of the school "board. In 1907 he was elected 



56 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

supervisor of Macon township, and so satisfactory was his service 
in this important office that he was chosen as his own successor 
in the election of 1908. His second term expired in April, 1909. He 
and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church, in which he 
has held various official positions, including" that of superintendent 
of the Sunday school. Mr. Boyce is a firm believer in the policy 
that the life of the farmer need not and should not be one of simply 
toil and endeavor, but rather one in which the intellectual and 
social conditions should be of advanced order. He is therefore 
an enthusiastic member of the Grange, and for four years he served 
as master of the organization in Tecumseh township. He is also 
affiliated with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and the Knights of the Modern Maccabees. On April 12, 1882, 
was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Boyce and Miss Eva A. Lim- 
barker, who was 1)orn in the village of Tecumseh on Jan. 31, 1856, 
a daughter of William E. and Harriet A. (Plank) Limbarker, both 
born in the state of New York, the former on Sept. 29, 1829, and 
the latter on Oct. 13, 1835. They were married at Tecumseh, Mich., 
Oct. 13, 1853 by Re\'. L. Tompkins, ^^'illiam E. Limbarker came 
to Lenawee county as a young man, and here his marriage was 
solemnized. In- 1861, soon after the beginning of the Civil war, 
he enlisted as a private in Company F, Fourth 'Michigan infantry, 
with which he proceeded to the front. He sacrificed his life on 
the altar of patriotism, as he was captured by the enemy and 
incarcerated in Belle Isle prison, where he met his death in August, 
1863, being shot by one of the guards because he stepped over the 
"dead line." His wife, who is still living, is a daughter of Robert 
and Phoebe A. (Springer) Plank, both natives of New York state, 
the former born on Dec. 10. 1803, and the latter on May 19. 1812. 
They were married at Catskill, N. Y., Sept. 30, 1829, came to 
Michigan in an early day, and ended their days in Franklin town- 
ship, Lenawee county, where he died on July 4, 1891, his wife 
having passed away on July 10, 1884. On Oct. 20. 1863, Mrs. 
Harriet A. (Plank) Limbarker became the wife of Whiting Cleve- 
land, who died on Nov. i, 1900, and she now makes her home with 
the subject of this sketch. She had two children l)y her first mar- 
riage and three by the second, all living except one of the latter. 
Mr. and Mrs. Boyce have one daughter — Mildred L., who was born 
in Tecumseh township on Jan. 6, 1890, and Avas graduated at the 
Tecumseh High School as a member of the class of 1908. 

William H. Burnham, the treasurer and manager of the Lamb 
Wire Fence Company, is prominently identified with the commer- 
cial and manufacturing interests of Adrian. He was born in Adrian 
Sept. 28, 1863, the son of Parker and Jennie (Moore) Burnham. 
His father was a native of New Hampshire, born at Hinsdale, Nov. 
18, 1832, and his paternal grandparents were Ezra and Hannah 
(Richardson) Burnham, who were also born in the Granite state. 
Ezra Burnham was a Baptist preacher and later followed the call- 
ing of a farmer, serving his church until his voice failed, and from 
that time devoting his entire attention to farming. In 1873 I^^''^ 
Uurnham retired and came to Adrian, where he and his wife lived 



f 



'^t ^IK- 






THE NEW YOIvK 
PlIBMC Lf?;nAR . 



rlLDT-N' F?UNOATIONS 



BIOGRAPHICAL 57 

until their days were ended. There are two of Ezra Burnham's 
children living': Harriet, the wife of Capt. Joseph Waltman, of De- 
troit, and Parker 11., the father, who received his early education 
in New Hampshire, and at the high school at Battleboro, Vt. The 
latter came to Lenawee county in 1854 and settled in Adrian, and 
for thirty-five years was a salesman in a clothing- store and tailor- 
ing establishment. For the past seventeen years he has been en- 
gaged in the insurance business with F. J. Hough & Son, of Adrian. 
In politics he is affiliated with the Republican party and as such 
has served as alderman and as school trustee of Adrian. He is 
also active in church work and at the present time is an elder in 
the Presbyterian church of Adrian. On June 11. 1856, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Parker II. i>urnham and Jennie L. Moore, 
the daughter of William Moore, of Petersboro, N. H. The maternal 
grandmother was born and educated in Petersboro and subsequent- 
ly attended school at Xew London. X. H. Mrs. P. H. Rurnliam's 
iiKitlicr died when she was six years of age and her father passed 
away in Xew llam])shire when she was in her sixteenth year. Mr. 
and Mrs. Burnham were the parents of three children. Mrs. Fred 
H. Knai)p lives in Chicago; William H. is the subject of this sketch, 
and Edwin M. also resides in Chicago. All three children were 
born in Adrian, and received the benefit of the excellent education- 
al advantages afforded by the i)ublic schools of that city. Mrs. 
Fred Knapp graduated from the high school with the class of 1880. 
William H. Burnham left the high school at the end of his second 
year of study, and went to Cleveland, Ohio, where he was in the 
employ of the Clexeland Paper Company for two years. At the 
expiration of that time he went to OI)erlin, Ohi(\ and attended 
Oberlin College for two years. After leaving college he returned 
to Adrian and entered the offices of the Wabash railroad. He be- 
gan work as a freight checker and advanced from one important 
])osition to another until he became cashier, and for one year 
served as agent when William V. ISradley was away on sick leave. 
Mr. P.urnham severed his connection Avith the railroad to enter 
the employ of the Page Woven Wire Fence Company, in the sales 
department. After^four years, in December, 1897, he became one 
of the organizers and stockholders of the Lamb Fence Company, 
a manufacturing institution organized at that time, and of which 
more i)articular mention is made elsewhere in this volume. Mr. 
Burnham became manager of the new concern and has continued 
to fill that important executive position ever since, beside which 
he is at the present time the treasurer and one of the directors of 
the corporation. He is prominently identified with the lodge of 
the ]\Iasonic order, and is also a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. Although not a member his religious 
views find expression in attendance upon the services of the Pres- 
byterian church. On May 13, 1889, Mr. Burnham was united in 
marriage to Miss Martha L. \\'ilcox, the daughter of James AVil- 
cox, of Adrian, who is one of Adrian's grand old men, of Avhom 
the city is justly proud. Mrs. Burnham was born in Adrian, and 
received her early scholastic training in the public schools. After 



58 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

completing- a course in the high school she graduated from Adrian 
College. Two daughters have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Burn- 
ham : Bertha L. and Ethel L., who are both in school in Adrian. 
The Burnham home is at 54 South Main street, and is located in 
one of the finest residence districts in Adrian. 

Adolph Breunig is a cigar manufacturer of Adrian who has an 
extensive trade all over the county. He was born in Adrian on 
Aug. 19, 1876. the son of Adolph and Laura (Thieme) Breunig", 
both born in Germany, the former in Baden and the latter in Sax- 
ony. The father in his early manhood studied for the priesthood, 
but later determined to enter upon some other career and came to 
New York, where he was married. At the outbreak of the Civil 
war he enlisted in the Seventh New York infantry and served 
throughout the struggle. Before leaving New York he mastered 
the trade of cigar maker, but did not continue it until six years 
after his arrival in Adrian, working during that period as a car- 
penter in the shops of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern rail- 
way. In the latter years of his life he did a prosperous business 
as a cigar maker, and was thus engaged at the time of his death, 
on Jan. 7, 1898. The mother crossed the great divide on April 29, 
1907. Nine children were born to the parents, seven of whom 
survive. Fred lives in Morenci, Mich.; Mrs. Charles Stier is in 
Tacoma, Wash. ; Mrs. Charles Pepper lives in Kent, Wash. ; 
Laura is housekeeper for her brother, Adolph ; Mamie is in 
Tacoma with her sister, and Edna is in Tacoma with Mrs. 
Stier. Adolph Breunig learned the trade of cigar maker under 
the able preceptorship of his father, and has spent all his active 
career since graduation at the public schools in that trade. Since 
his father's death he has had the active management of the factory, 
which turns out three grades of five-cent cigars, known as the Red 
Man, the Hulda and the Iva Crown, and one "ten-center," known 
as the Cuban Plantation. Besides selling to retailers all over the 
county, Mr. Breunig conducts a retail store in connection with his 
factory at 22 Tecumseh street, and handles tobacco of all varieties. 
He is the owner of considerable realty, holding the title to the 
block in which his factory is located and some lots at the corner 
of Hunt and Addison streets. Although he has been unswerving 
in his allegiance to the Republican party, he has never sought 
official honors. He was reared in the Lutheran faith and is today 
one of the devout communicants of St. Stephen's church of that 
denomination. Fraternally Mr. Breunig is prominently connected 
with the Blue Lodge of the Masonic order, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles, the Knights of the Modern Maccabees, the Eastern Star 
and the Pythian Sisters. 

Edson C. Brown, the efficient and popular city marshal of 
Tecumseh, and former deputy sheriff of the county, is a member 
of one of the sterling pioneer families of Michigan, which state 
has been his home from the time of his birth to the present. He 
is one of the successful business men of Tecumseh and has gained 
this prestige through his own efforts. Mr. Brown was born at 



nrOGRAPHICAL 59 

Maple Rapids, Clinton county, Michigan, Aug. 19, 1859, a son of 
Lafayette and Lavina (Webster) Brown, the former born in the 
state of Xew York, and the latter in Massachusetts. The parents 
were ciiildren at the time of the immigration of the respective 
families to the wilds of Michigan, and the paternal grandparents 
of the subject of this sketch were numbered among the early set- 
tlers of Clinton county, where they passed the remainder of their 
lives. The maternal grandfather went from Michigan to Australia 
and after his return joined the argonauts who were making their 
way across the plains to California, where he died. His widow 
was a resident of Clinton county, Michigan, at the time of her 
death. Lafayette Brown was reared to manhood in Clinton county, 
where he learned the blacksmith's trade, to which he there devoted 
his attention for many years, having been a man of sterling integ- 
rity and one who ever commanded the confidence and esteem of his 
fellow men. He died at Mai)le Ra|)ids in 1870, his wife having 
passed away in 1861. She was a faithful and devout member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. He aligned himself as a supporter 
of the cause of the Republican party at the time of its organization, 
and never thereafter faltered in his allegiance thereto. The present 
city marshal of Tecumseh was reared to manhood in his native 
county, where his educational advantages were those afTorded in 
the public schools. He initiated his independent business career 
as a junk dealer and grocer at Bannister, Gratiot county, Michigan, 
where he ccjntinued in business for ten years, at the expiration of 
which he removed to Addison, Hillsdale county, but remained 
there only a short time. In 1896 Mr. Brown took up his residence 
in Tecumseh, where he devoted his attention to the buying and 
selling of junk until 1904. when he amplified the scope of his 
enterprise by handling coal, wood and feed, under the firm name 
of Brown & Company, which is still retained. For twenty years 
he has been a buyer of wood for the firm of L. Frensdorf & Son 
of Hudson, ]\Iich., and he has handled a large volume of business 
in this line. His firm also handles an extensive trade in the buying 
and shipping of furs and pelts. The concern maintains two offices 
in Tecumseh and is one of the leading factors in its commercial 
field of operations. Mr. Brown is a stalwart in the local camp of 
the Democratic party and has been an active worker in its cause. 
He has served six consecutive years as city marshal, of which 
office he is now the incumbent, and for six years he was deputy 
sherifl:' of the county, two years under Mr. Shepard and four years 
during the administration of Sheriff Holt. He and his wife and 
daughters are members of the Episcopal church. He is affiliated 
with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; Tecum- 
seh Chapter, No. 42, Royal Arch ]\f asons ; Blanchard Council, No. 
34, Royal and Select Masters, and the local chapter of the adjunct 
Order of the Eastern Star, of which his wife and elder daughter 
likewise are members. He is identified with Tecumseh- Lodge, 
No. 190. Knights of Pythias, and its auxiliary, the Pythian Sisters, 
as are also his wnfe and eldest daughter. Mrs. Brown is also a 
member of the Ladies of the Maccabees. June 2^, 1885, witnessed 



6o MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the marriage of Mr. Brown to Miss Emma West, who was born and 
reared in Clinton county, ^lichigan, a daughter of Samuel and 
Eliza \\'est, early settlers of that county, where ]\lr. West died 
and where his widow still maintains her home. They became the 
parents of five daughters, of whom four are living. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown have two daughters — Eolah M.. who was graduated in the 
Tecumseh High School and the Michigan State Normal School at 
Ypsilanti, and who is now a teacher in the high school at Marshall, 
Mich. ; and Bonnie A., a student in the Tecumseh High School, as a 
member of the class of 191 1. 

John A. Brugger, a shrewd and prosperous agriculturist of 
Blissfield township, was born in the city of Adrian on July 10, 
1848, the son of John and Christina (Beagle) Brugger. The par- 
ents w-e're both born in the Fatherland, and for a year after coming 
to this country, in 1836, they lived in New York. \\'hen they 
came to Michigan they lived in Monroe county for about a year 
and then moved to Adrian, where they lived until 1844. In that 
3'ear the father purchased a farm in Ogden township, but con- 
ducted it only a year, leasing it that he might return to live in 
Adrian. His residence there continued until 1868, when he removed 
to a farm he had purchased in Madison township. There he died 
on Alarch 13, 1877, and his" wife passed away in South Bend. Ind., 
Aug. 22, 1886. They were the parents of five children, the others 
beside the subject of this review being Mary M. (Brugger) Bor- 
ough, a resident of South Bend, Ind.; William H.. a hardware mer- 
chant of South Bend ; Katherine ( Brugger) Hill, living in Toledo, 
Ohio; and Louisa Brugger, who lives in South Bend. After John 
A. Brugger had completed the prescribed courses in the Adrian 
public schools he learned the cabinet-maker's trade, and for several 
years Avas successfully engaged in that line of activity. Then he 
managed his father's farm in ]\Iadison township until 1881, when 
he rented a farm near Ogden Center. In 1904 he came to Blissfield 
township and since that time has been conducting the farm he is 
now working on shares. Mr. Brugger has been verv successful in 
his ventures and has a lot of excellent live stock, which will rank 
well with any in the county. He is independent of party affiliation 
in his political relations, preferring to exercise his right of fran- 
chise according to the dictates of his own good judgment rather 
than at the behest of party leaders. He is of a deeply religious 
nature which finds expression in membership in the Free Methodist _ 
church. On April 20, 1874, Mr. Brugger was united in marriage in 
Adrian to Miss Anna Fletcher, born in New York state on Aug. 
13, 1851, the daughter of William C. and Charlotte (Huntley) 
Fletcher. Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher were natives of the Empire state 
who came west to Holland, Ohio, in 1852, wdiere they both died, the 
former in 1865, and the latter on Oct. 22. 1898. Mrs. Brugger died 
on ]\Iarch 29, 1907, leaving besides her husband eleven children, 
viz.: Carrie May (Brugger) Sayers. born Jan. 21, 1875; Mary M. 
(Brugger) Piper, born March 15. 1876; Ida Estella (Brugger) 
Andrews, born Oct. 22, 1877; William H.. born May 25, 1879; 
Minnie Myrtle, born April 6, 1881 ; Bessie Louise (Brugger) Halm, 



UIOGKAPHICAL 6l 

born April 24, 1883; Charles E., burn Alarch 2=), 1885; John Adrian, 
born April 15, 1888; Arthur F., born Jan. 7, 1890; Ezra Daniel, born 
Jan. 22, 1892; and Stanley L., born Dec. 27, 1895. 

Lynn S. Brown, propriet(n- and principal of Brown's Business 
University of .Adrian, was born in Adrian township, Eenawee 
county, on Oct. 26, i860. He is the son of Samuel H. and Rhoda A. 
(Knapj3) Brown, the former of whom was born in Salem, X. Y., 
May 2, 1825, and the latter in Penfield, X. Y., Dec. 10, 1838. The 
father came tcj Alichij^an with his parents, who settled in Seneca 
townshi]), in 1852, and subsequently removed to .-\drain township, 
and still later to Raisin township. The mother came to Adrian 
township with her parents in 1856, and was married to Samuel 
Brown Ma-rch 10, 1858. Lynn S. Brown tirst attended district 
school and afterward completed a four years" I'Lnglish and Scientific 
course at the Raisin \'alk'\- Seminarv, from which he sfraduated 
in June, 1880. Durini;" the followinj^ year he com])leted a course 
at the Detroit Business Unixersit}', and then engaged in pedagogic 
work, first teaching" district school and later jjecoming principal of 
the commercial department in the Adrian High School, and filled 
the last named position for three years. In 1884 he founded Browm's 
lUisiness University, of which more particular mention is made 
below. Mr. Brown is absolutely independent of party affiliation in 
political matters, ^nd exercises his right of franchise as his con- 
science and judgment tell him is for the best interests of the com- 
munity. On Oct. 7, 1893, Mr. lirown was united in marriage to 
Miss Clara D. I'orce, daughter of John W. and Ella (Drake) Force, 
of Adrian. i'liree children have been the issue of this marriage, 
namely: Marjorie J., born Jan. 27, 1895; ^>asil L.. born Feb. 2, 
1897; and Dorotln- E., born July i<). 1902. P>rown's Business Uni- 
versity, of which Mr. lirown is still the sole proprietor, had its 
inception on Xov. i, 1884. At that time it began its work, as an 
evening school only, in a small room on South Main street, oppo- 
site The Emi)orium Department Store, the total equipment of the 
institution costing less than sevent}'-five dollars. During the first 
year there was an attendance of thirty students. l"he course pre- 
scribed was simply bookkeeping and writing. About the first of the 
following" July much ])lcasanter rooms w'ere secured over Waldby 
&: Clay's State Bank, and day sessions were added, the subjects of 
spelling and arithmetic being added to the curriculum. The matric- 
ulation continued to increase, so that the following year there 
was more than fifty students enrolled. The increase made it appar- 
ent that new and more commodious quarters would be essential 
within a short time, and a year from the followang October the 
school was removed to the third floor of the Wheeler Block, which 
had been erected during the summer of 1886. The rooms were 
especially arranged for Mr. Brown's purposes, and during the first 
year, in this new location, the old chairs and tables were replaced 
Avith large, especially designed desks, and the rooms and equipment 
were thus made to compare favorably wnth any institution of its 
kind in the state. Shorthand, typew-riting, English grammar, cor- 
respondence and commercial law were introduced, and tw^o distinct 



62 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

courses were formulated, those of shorthand and business. Each 
year the attendance has steadily increased, until in 1900 it had 
passed the hundred mark, and it became imperative that larger 
quarters again be provided. It was determined that the school 
should have a building of its own and a plan was devised whereby 
funds were secured by selling special scholarships to the business 
men and others interested in Adrian and the vicinity. This plan 
was so heartily endorsed by the public-spirited men of the city that 
with the aid of the pupils, then in attendance, the scholarships were 
sold, the building erected, furnished and ready for occupancy by 
Oct. I, 1902. The building is at 43 College avenue, and the arrange- 
ments and furnishings were all made with a view of faciliating and 
expediting- the work of both students and teachers as much as pos- 
sible. All the rooms are large, well ventilated and finely lighted, 
and the structure is heated by steam. It is about five blocks from 
the business center of the city and one block from the car line. 
Each student is awarded a handsome diploma upon the completion 
of his or her course. Standings are marked on the basis of 100 
per cent., and in order to pass a student must rank at least eighty in 
every branch. A periodical, called The Brown Budget, is pub- 
lished in the interest of the school. The faculty of the institution 
consists of Mr. Lynn S. Brown, Mrs. L. S. Brown and W. H. 
Rowland. Mr. Brown has been continuously engaged in teaching 
for twenty-eight years, twenty-four of the time as head of Brown's 
Business University. During that time he has had several thou- 
sand 3'-oung people under his personal charge in the school room, 
and the majority of them are now occupying positions of trust 
and responsibility. His special branches of instruction are book- 
keeping, science of accounts, penmanship, business ethics, busi- 
ness forms and customs and typewriting. Mrs. Brown has been 
actively engaged in teaching Graham shorthand for the past fifteen 
years, and has been remarkably successful. Many young ladies a""d 
gentlemen who were students imder ]\Irs. Brown not more than 
three years back are now drawing salaries ranging from $600 to 
$1,000 per annum. Mr. Rowland, who teaches spelling, civil gov- 
ernment, business arithmetic and rapid calculations, commercial 
law, English grammar and business correspondence, is an instruc- 
tor of more than ten years' experience, and is recognized as a 
teacher and disciplinarian of the first rank. 

Charles F. Buck. — This is the age of the man with initiative 
power, and there is room for him in every progressive business, 
however crowded it may be. Among those enterprising and able 
business men who are upholding the industrial and commercial 
prestige of- Lenawee county stands the subject of this sketch, who 
is a native son of the county, and is one of the proprietors of the 
Morenci Roller Mills. He has made his advancement and won his 
success through his own efforts, and is well entitled to classifica- 
tion among the representative business men of this favored sec- 
tion of the state. Mr. Buck was born in the city of Adrian, this 
county, July 20, 1865, and is a son of Joseph and Caroline (Henig) 
Buck, both of stanch German ancestry. Joseph Buck was born in 



BIOGRAPHICAL 63 

Germany and was a cliild at the time of his parents' immigration 
to America. The family first settled in Pennsylvania, where the 
father followed his trade of carpenter for a short time. He then 
removed with his family to Michigan and located in the cit}^ of 
Adrian, where he established himself in the work of his trade, 
and where both he and his wife passed the residue of their lives, 
respected by all who knew them. Joseph Buck was about four- 
teen years of age when his parents took up their abode in Adrian, 
and in this city he was reared to manhood. As a youth he entered 
upon an apprenticeshij) at the cobbler's and shoemaker's trade, and 
to this he continued to devote himself during his entire active car- 
eer. Since 1905 he has lived virtually retired, and he still main- 
tains his home in Adrian, where his devoted wife died in 1908, a 
devout member of the German Lutheran church, of which he also 
has been a member from his youth. Honesty, integrity and inde- 
fatigable application have marked the career of Joseph Buck, and 
he is not onh^ well known in the county which has so long repre- 
sented his home, but to him has also been accorded at all times 
the unqualified confidence and regard of his fellow men. In poli- 
tics he is a loyal supporter of the principles of the Democratic 
party. Charles F. Buck, whose name initiates this article, secured 
his early educational discipline in the public schools of Adrian. 
From his youth he has been identified with the line of enterprise in 
which it has been his to gain so marked success in an independent 
way. He began his \'irtual apprenticeship at the miller's trade in 
the historic old "Red Mill"' in Adrian, where he learned with thor- 
oughness all details of the business. In 1889 he began his independ- 
ent operations by forming a partnership with Frank D. Kellogg and 
jnu'chasing the Alorenci Roller Mills, from James H. Cochran. He 
is in control of the business and under his direction the mill has 
been greatly improved in facilities, having the most modern equip- 
ment throughout. Its capacity has been doubled and its product 
constitutes its best advertisement, by reason of manifest supe- 
riority. The mill now has a capacity for the output of one hundred 
barrels of flour a day, and here also are handled all kinds of grain, 
feed, etc. The floor space utilized aggregates 1,300 square feet, 
and the main building is three stories in height. Adjoining this 
are the engine house and stables, and the power plant is adequate 
to meet all demands placed upon it when the mill is running to 
maximum capacity. Mr. Buck is distinctively progressive in his 
ideas and is recognized as One of the loyal and public-spirited cit- 
izens of Morenci, where his personal popularity is of the most 
unequivocal order. The cause of the Republican party enlists his 
hearty support, and he has done all in his power to further the 
best interests of the town. He has been a valued member of the 
board of education since 1897. His wife holds membership in the 
Congregational church, of whose official board he is a member. He 
is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. On Jan. 10. 1891, Mr. Buck was united 
in marriage to Miss Ida Packer, daughter of Isaac and Lavina 
(Carskaden) Packer, of Morenci. Mr. and Mrs. Packer came to 



64 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Lenawee countv from Pennsylvania and established their home on 
a farm in Seneca township. He became one of the substantial 
farmers of the county, and passed the closing years of his life in 
the villao-e of Morenci, where he died in 1897, and where his wife 
died in 1900. In a fraternal way, Mr. Packer was identified with 
the Masonit order and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. In 
the early days of his residence in the county he made a specialty 
of fruit-tree grafting, in which he was an expert and in which line 
of work his services were in much requisition throughout this 
section. After he sold his farm he conducted a livery business in 
Morenci for a number of years. Mr. and Mrs. Buck have three 
children — Alice, Arthur and Winifred. 

James Cannon, an old resident and honored citizen of Bliss- 
field, was born in that township July 26, 1844. He is the son of 
George and Ann (Saunders) Cannon, who were born in England 
in 1797 and 1798, respectively. The father w^as a carpenter by 
trade and Avorked at that vocation until 1837, when he sailed for 
the United States. After landing he came direct to Michigan, lo- 
cated in Blissfield township, Lenawee county, and purchased 80 
acres of unimproved land. With the help of his sons he cleared 
and improved the farm, which in 1861 he sold and moved to Bliss- 
field. There he died some ten years later, on Oct. 8, 1871. His 
wife survived him until 1883. Twelve children were born to the 
parents: Mrs. Harriet (Cannon) Fitch died in Deerfield ; Mark 
lives in Blissfield with his brother, James ; Mrs. Rachel (Cannon) 
Cripps died in Blissfield ; Frederick died in Blissfield in 1902 ; Ben- 
jamin died in Blissfield in 1862; Jessie died of measles on the ves- 
sel on Avhich the family came to America; Joseph died in Kansas 
in 1902 ; Susan, now Mrs. French, lives in Blissfield ; Eliza died 
when quite young; two others, twins, died in infancy, and James 
is the subject of this sketch. The last named received his educa- 
tional training in the public schools of Blissfield township, finisli- 
ing his course in 1859. F^i" ^ short time he worked on his father's 
farm and then entered the employ of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern railroad for two years. After severing his connection 
with the railroad Mr. Cannon rented his wife's grandfather's farm 
for two and a half years, at the end of which time his father gave 
him 40 acres of land in section 15. Deerfield township. In 1866 he 
built a fine house and w^ent there to live. Within a short time he 
pvu'chased 40 acres adjoining his farm, the northeast quarter of the 
southeast quarter of section 16. The deed for this 40 acres bears 
the government seal. Mr. Cannon conducted this farm until 1872. 
In that year he rented his place and worked as a carpenter for a 
year, but early in 1873 returned to the countr}^, where he again en- 
gaged in farming. In 1888 he again rented his property and bought 
a home in Adrian. For six years Mr. Cannon Avorked as a carpen- 
ter in Adrian, where he helped in the building of many of the 
houses in that city. In 1895 he went back to the farm, improved 
the buildings and again followed the agricultural calling for three 
years, when he exchanged his property in Adrian for the 12 acres 
he now owns in the village of Blissfield. Mr. Cannon is a stanch 



-,,::!f;--w YORK 



, ' I.'ND.tTIONs 




JAMES CANNON 




HELEN CANNON 



THE NEW 
PUBLIC ' ' 


YORK 


Asrop;, LF. 

TILDEN F■■"•^ 

n 


L 



BIOGRAPHICAL 65 

and hearty supporter of the policies of the Republican party. On 
Dec. 15, 1861, he was united in marriage to Miss Helen Hickok, 
the daughter of Orlando and Aurelia (Drew) Hickok. Mrs. Can- 
non's mother died at Adrian in 1852, and was survived by her hus- 
band until 1876. Mrs. Cannon was born in Monroe county, Michi- 
gan, Oct. 5, 1845, and when an infant came to Deerfield township 
with her parents. There she received the educational training af- 
forded by the public schools. One child came to bless the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cannon — Elsie, now Mrs. Brenot, of Blissfield 
township. Mrs. Brenot, the daughter of Mr. Cannon, has two chil- 
dren, Leo and Gola. Leo married on March 4, 1909, Miss Edna 
Crane. Gola was married in 1907 to Fred Payne, a farmer of Bliss- 
field tOAvnship. They have one child, Mildred R. Pa)'ne, which 
makes Mr. and Mrs. James Cannon great-grandfather and great- 
grandmother. 

James E. Cadmus, one of the representative agriculturists of 
his native county, has not found it necessary to protect his forces 
through the method of the mythological character who bore the 
same name of Cadmus and sowed in the earth dragon's teeth, which 
sprang forth as armed men. Rather has the modern devotee of 
the great basic art of agriculture found it ])ossible to sow the gen- 
erous seed in its season and in due time to bring forth the kindly 
fruits of the earth for enjoyment and profit. Mr. Cadmus is a 
member of a family founded in this county in the terri-torial epoch 
of Alichigan's history. He is a native of Macon township, where 
he was born on Aug. 18, i860, a son of William E. and Catherine 
(Vesselius) Cadmus, the former born in the state of New Jersey, 
June 5, 179'). and the latter in the state of New York, Jan. 5, 
1825. \\'illiam E. Cadmus became a resident of Macon town- 
ship, this county, in 1831, and here was solemnized his marriage 
to Mrs. Catherine (Vesselius) Cook, widow, who had borne three 
children by her former husband, of whom onh' one is now living. 
Concerning the children of the second marriage the following brief 
data are given : Priscilla J., born Dec. 12, 1852, is the wiie of Dr. 
Edward F. Chase, of Chelsea, Mich. ; Clarkson, born March 4, 
1855, died on March 21, 1883; William A., born Aug. 17, 1857, is 
associated with the subject of this review in the ownership and 
operation of the old homestead farm ; James E., whose name in- 
itiates this article, Avas the next in order of birth ; and Agnes, born 
April 5, 1863, is the wife of Lewis Brown, of Jackson, Mich. The 
honored father was a blacksmith by trade, but after coming to 
Lenawee county he gave his attention principally to farming. He 
developed his land from the virgin forest, and was one of the 
sterling pioneers of the county. In politics he was a stanch advo- 
cate of the cause of the Democratic party. His wnfe was a member 
of the Reformed church. His death occurred on Jan. 9, 1891, and 
his widow was summoned to the life eternal on March 14, 1908. 
William A. Cadmus, w^ho is associated with his brother, James E., 
as already stated, was educated in the public schools of Macon 
township. As a young man he learned the trade of carpenter, to 
which he devoted' his attention for a number of years and in con- 

5-2V 



66 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

nection with which he still continues to do a considerable amount 
of work. He is a Democrat in politics, resides with the family of 
his brother James, and has never married. James E. Cadmus 
passed his boyhood and youth on the farm which now represents 
his home, and is indebted to the schools of Macon township for 
his early educational discipline. He and his brother, ^^^illiam A., 
own the old homestead conjointly, and the same comprises 40 
acres of most arable land, devoted to general agriculture and the 
raising- of live stock. He has been identified with farming from 
his youth, and is known as one of the progressive agriculturists 
of the county. The home farm is equipped with excellent build- 
ings and has other good improvements of a permanent nature. Like 
his brother, Mr. Cadmus is a stanch advocate of the principles of 
the Democratic party. On May 2, 1888, Mr. Cadmus was united 
in marriage to Miss Etta Smith, born at Dundee, Monroe county, 
Michigan, Jan. 10, 1870, daughter of John and Lucy (Lee) Smith, 
the former born in Dundee, and the latter in Somerfield. Mich. 
In the latter place. Mrs. Smith's death occurred on Oct: 16, 1906, 
and there he continued to reside until his death on Sept. i, 1908. 
Of their three children, Mrs. Cadmus is the only one now living. 
Mr. Smith Avas a Democrat in politics, and he and his wife were 
members of the United Brethren church. Mr. and Mrs. Cadmus 
have one son, Lamont, born March 11, 1892, and now a student in 
the Tecumseh High School, where he will graduate with the class 
of 1911. 

Elwin M. Camburn has been one of the world's workers, and 
his success has been such as to gain to him a legitimate place 
among the representative farmers of his native count3^ where he 
is held in high esteem as a progressive citizen. He wa3 born in 
Macon township, Lenawee county, on Jan. 25, 1845. a son of John 
and Elizabeth (Morgan) Camburn. the former born at Barnegat, 
Ocean county. New Jersey, in 1820, the latter at Castile, Livingston 
county. New York, April 20, 1824. John Camburn was a 
son of Hebron and Lavina (Boyer) Camburn, the former like- 
wise a native of Barnegat, N. J., and the latter of the city of Phila- 
delphia, Pa. They immigrated to Michigan in 1836, the year prior 
to the admission of the state to the Union, and forthwith numbered 
themselves among the pioneers of Macon township, Lenawee coun- 
ty, where the father purchased directly from the government a 
tract of 160 acres of heavily timbered land, receiving his deed to 
it. He developed a farm from the virgin forest, and on it he and 
his estimable wife passed the remainder of their lives, esteemed 
by all who knew them. Both were birthright inembers of the 
Society of Friends, and their lives were lived in harmonv with the 
gentle and kindly teachings of this sect. Tn politics Hebron Cam- 
burn was an old-line Whig, and was a son of William Camburn. 
who passed his entire life in New Jersey, where the family was 
founded in the early colonial days, being of stanch English ex- 
traction. Hebron Camburn and wife became the parents of seven 
sons and two daughters, and of the number the only one now liv- 
ing is David, a resident of Jackson county. Michigan. John 



BIOGRAPHICAL 6/ 

Camburn was reared to maturity in New Jersey, where he received 
the advantages of the common schools, as did he later those of the 
pioneer schools of Lenawee county, whither he came with his par- 
ents as a lad of sixteen years. He assisted in the reclamation of 
the home farm, and eventually engaged in farming on his own re- 
sponsibility. He developed a good farm of 90 acres, in Macon 
township, and was one of the honored citizens of this part of the 
county, where his life counted for good in all its relations. His 
political allegiance was given to the Republican party, and he was 
well fortified in his opinions as to matters of a public nature. He 
and his wife attended the Free Will Baptist church. After long 
and useful lives both passed to their reward. Mr. Camburn received 
the final summons on July 10, 1872, and his wife on Nov. 5, 
1907. a few months before the eighty-third anniversary of her 
birth. She was a true "mother in Israel," and well may her chil- 
dren "rise up and call her blessed." Elwin M. Camburn is the 
eldest of their five children ; Charles died when about twenty years 
of age; Emma J. became the wife of Parker Allen, and her death 
occurred in Macon township; Hebron resides in Gratiot county, 
Michigan, and Mary is the wife of Isaac Smith, of Macon town- 
ship. Elwin M. Camburn was reared to manhood on the old home- 
stead farm, and his early educational advantages were those afford- 
ed in the district schools of Macon township. He has found it 
both expedient and satisfactory to continue in the vocation to which 
he was reared, and through his efforts in agriculture he has won 
a position as a successful farmer and stock-grower. He is the 
owner of one of the fine farm properties of Macon township, where 
his homestead comprises i8o acres of most arable land, maintained 
under a high state of cultivation, equipped with the best of im- 
provements throughout, including substantial barns and other farm 
buildings and an attractive and commodious residence. Near the 
close of the Civil war Mr. Camburn, who was then twenty years 
of age, tendered his services in defense of the Union. On Feb. 17, 
1865, he enlisted as a private in Company D, Eleventh Michigan 
infantry, with which he served until the close of the war, 
when he received his honorable discharge. His regiment was sta- 
tioned in the states of Tennessee and Georgia during the greater 
portion of his term of service, and he remained with the command 
for some time after the surrender of General Lee. In politics Mr. 
Camburn is found arrayed as a stalwart supporter of the cause of 
the Repu1)lican party, but he has never had aught of ambition for 
public office of any kind. He is affiliated with Beers Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Tecumseh ; and he and his wife are zeal- 
ous and valued members of the Reformed church in Macon town- 
ship. On March 12, 1878, w^as solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Camburn to Miss Myra Smith, who was born in Macon township, 
this county. May 28, 1849. Mrs. Camburn was graduated in the 
Raisin Valley Seminary, as a member of the class of 1872, and for 
some time before her marriage she was a successful and popular 
teacher in the district schools of her native county. She is a 
daughter of Herman Smith, of whom incidental mention is made 



68 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

on Other pages of this publication. Air. and Mrs. Camburn have 
had two children. Bessie, born Jan. 25, 1880, became the wife of 
Edward M. Russell, of Macon township, and her death occurred 
on Jan. 19, 1907. She is survived by one son, Arlo. Ernest H., 
born March 24, 1884, was afforded the advantages of the public 
schools of Lenawee county, including the Tecumseh High School, 
and he later took a special course in creamery management and 
butter-making in the Michigan State Agricultural College, at Lan- 
sing. He is now associated with his father in the management and 
work of the home farm. He is afifiliated with the Gleaners, the 
Grange and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is a Re- 
publican in politics. 

Thomas Wesley Brown is living retired in Palm3'ra after a 
useful and well-spent life. He was born at Fort Erie, Canada, 
April 7, 1828, the son of Israel and Jane (Clark) Brown, the former 
a native of Seneca Falls, X. Y., and the latter of New Hampshire. 
The father was a carriage-maker by vocation and worked at that 
trade in Buffalo, N. Y., and Canada. Later, failing eyesight neces- 
sitated his abandonment of the vocation and he moved to Will 
county, 111., where his death occurred some years later. The mother 
also passed away in Will count}^ 111. Thomas W. Brown, to whom 
this review is dedicated, received his educational training at Port 
Colborne, Canada. In 1844 he started to earn his own living by 
learning the molder's trade, but in 1849 he became afflicted with 
tubercular trouble and was advised to go South for the benefit of 
his health. There he mastered the calling of millwright, and 
worked as a journeyman in the South for a year. Mr. Brown was 
working as a millwright in the construction of a cotton factory at 
Montgomery, Ala., when Ft. Sumter was fired on. and being loyal 
to the Union he decided at once to return to the North. He left 
Montgomery on June 19, 1861, receiving his pay in gold amounting 
to $1,200. Upon his return north he was engaged for nine months 
at Republic, Ohio, and then for eleven years was in Toledo. From 
there he came to Palmyra township and purchased a farm within 
a half mile of the corporation limits of the village. He continued 
to manage this place to within a few years ago, when he retired 
and is now living quietly in the village. In the matter of politics 
Mr. Brown is allied with the Republican party, but has never 
aspired to hold an office of public trust. He has been twice married. 
By his first union, which occurred some years before the war to 
Miss Laura Steel, a native of New York, he was the father of one 
daughter, Julia Augusta, now deceased. On July 17, 1876, Mr. 
Brown was united to Mrs. Martha Chamberlain, the daughter of 
Abraham and Jennie (Taylor) Knapp. who lived in Virginia. A 
daughter, Jennie Blanche, who died at the age of seventeen, was 
born to this union. Mr. Brown is the stepfather of three children — 
Mary F. Chamberlain, who has been a teacher for twenty years, 
the last nine years of the time in Palmyra ; William Eugene, in 
the employment of the government as a mail carrier in Adrian ; and 
John R., employed in the pension office at Detroit. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 69 

Harmon Camburn, deceased, for many years one of Adrian's 
prominent and useful citizens, was born Feb. 4, 1842, the son of 
William Camburn. His birthplace was his father's farm in Frank- 
lin township, this county, and he was the youngest of a family of 
sixteen. He was reared in his native township and attended the 
public schools of Franklin when a young boy, and subsequently 
went to the Raisin Institute north of the city. This school was 
known for many years as Aunt Laura Haviland's, as she was once 
the popular owner of that school. When this country was torn 
asunder by the strife of Civil war Mr. Camburn responded to his 
country's call for volunteers in 1861, and became a sergeant in Com- 
pany D, Second Michigan infantry. This regiment was organized 
in Detroit in April, 1861, and was mustered in on May 25, the 
first three years regiment recruited in the state. On June 5 it left 
for the front and reported at Washington, D. C. The late Gen. 
William Humphrey was captain of the company at the time Mr. 
Camburn enlisted. Mr. Camburn engaged in many of the large 
battles of the war, as the regiment participated at Blackburn's 
Ford, and covered the retreat from Bull Run three days later. It 
took part in the Peninsular campaign, was in the siege of Yorktown 
and engaged at Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Charles City Cross- 
roads, Malvern Hill and Chantilly. It was at Harrison's Landing, 
under furious fire at Second Bull Run, and fought under Burn- 
side at Fredericksburg. In June the Second joined Grant's Army 
in Mississippi and participated in the siege of Vicksburg. Sub- 
sequently it moved to Tennessee and was in engagements at Blue 
Springs, Loudon, Lenoirs Station, and Campbell's Station and as- 
sisted in the defense of Knoxville. There Mr. Camburn was shot 
through the right lung and taken prisoner. He remained in the 
hands of the Confederates six days until an exchange was afifected 
with a number of other ])risoners, and was sent to Union Hos- 
pital, Detroit. Mr. Camburn had been in service about three years 
at this time. The wound he received was a severe one, and but for 
his rugged constitution, the constant care, and the excellent med- 
ical attention he received, he could not have recovered. When he 
had sufficient!}- recuperated he returned to Michigan and located at 
Adrian, where he was engaged in various pursuits until 1874. In 
that year he entered the service of the United States government as 
mail clerk, and held this position for thirty years. For six years he 
had what was called the long run between Cleveland and Chicago, 
and for twenty years he made dift"erent runs between these cities. 
During the last ten years of his service his duties were on the 
trains between Monroe and Adrian. Ever after the Civil war, Mr. 
Cambiu"n had never been strong, and in 1905 his health became im- 
paired ; there was a general breakdown and he was forced to aban- 
don his work and seek means of restoring his health. Accompan- 
ied by his devoted wife he went to Florida in November, where it 
was expected the balmy southern climate would prove beneficial, 
but he steadily grew weaker, and in March, 1906. returned to 
Adrian. At that time it was apparent that the end was approaching. 
His death, which occurred March 22, 1906, at his home, 61 Dennis 



^o 



-Mi:.MOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUMY 



Street, was a severe loss to the whole community. Mr. Camburn 
was a very quiet unassuming man, strictly honest, who devoted his 
life to his business and the happiness of his family. During his 
life he served as commander of the local post of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, and was also a member of Blue Lodge, No. 19, of 
the Masonic order. Only two of his fifteen brothers and sisters 
survive — T. M. Camburn, of Tecumseh, and Mrs. S. V. Hollenbeck. 
of Alma, Mich. His widow now resides in the old home with her 
son-in-law, Charles Church. Mr. and Mrs. Camburn reared a 
family of four children. Edith is a graduate of the Adrian High 
School, and has been engaged in the work of teaching in the cen- 
tral building ever since; Rev. A. T. Camburn received his pre- 
paratory education in the fine public schools of Adrian, graduated 
from the high school in 1886, subsequently graduated at Albion 
College and the Theological College of Boston, Mass.. and is now 
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church at Ridgeway, Lenawee 
county; George M. is a graduate of the Adrian High School and is 
engaged in work for Church Brothers ; Adda E. married Charles 
Church, of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in this volume. The 
Camburn family is one of the oldest in Lenawee county. 

James Leslie Carpenter was born in Norfolk, St. Lawrence 
county. New York, April 11, 1834, son of Joseph Painter and Lydia 
Tracy (Wrigltt) Carpenter. John Carpenter, one of James' an- 
cestors, resided in London, England, in the fourteenth century. 
His son, Richard, became the father of John Carpenter, the town 
clerk of London and a man who had the distinction of having done 
more for the education of the people than any other man of his 
time. His death occurred in London in 1442. The first ancestor 
of the Carpenter family to come to America was William, one of 
the "Pilgrim Eathers" who landed in Massachusetts from the good 
ship "Beves" in May, 1638. He came to this country to seek an 
asylum from religious persecution. One of the eminent Puritans 
who settled at Rehoboth, Mass., William Carpenter, the grand- 
father of James Leslie, was his direct descendant. William was 
born at Charlestown, Mass., Sept. 25, 1752, married Lucina Sum- 
ner, and moved to Swanzey, N. H., where he lived for many years. 
He was a minute man during the Revolutionary war, being called 
into the service three times, one of the occasions bringing him 
into the engagement at Bunker Hill. He also participated in the 
battle at Bennington. In 1806 AYilliam Carpenter became a Revolu- 
tionary pensioner, and with his wife and eleven children he mi- 
grated to Potsdam, N. Y. Mrs. Lucina Carpenter died there on 
Nov. 15, 1838, and was survived by her husband until July 24, 1843. 
Twelve children were born to William Carpenter, of whom Joseph, 
the father of James Leslie, was the tenth. "Uncle Jo," as he was 
known in Lenawee county, lived in St. Lawrence county. New 
York, until 1834, then moved to Michigan, settling in Kedzie's 
Grove, near Deerfield village, where he resided for seven years. 
Thence he moved to Blissfield and lived there until his demise, 
which occurred on Feb. 17, 1892. When a young man he learned 
the trade of edge-tool maker and followed that trade after coming 



BIOGRAPHICAL 71 

to Michigan. As there was not enough work in that line to keep 
him occupied he combined it with ordinary blacksmithing. Joseph 
Carpenter was a man of sterling integrity, of generous impulses, 
and he gained a high place in the esteem of his friends. He was 
married three times. His first union was to Mrs. Lydia Tracy 
Writ>-ht on Sept. 6. 1831. Seven children were born to this union, 
of whom James L., the subject of this review, was the second in 
order of birth. Mrs. Carpenter died in Blissfield. Feb. 24. 1842. A 
year later, on Feb. 19, 1843, Mr. Carpenter was united in marriage 
to Miss Celestia Stone, and one child was born to them. Mrs. 
Celestia Carpenter was born in \^ergennes, Vt., Nov. 23, 1812, and 
died in Blissfield March 10. 1845. Mr. Carpenter's third marriage 
occurred July i. 1847. when he was united in marriage to Mrs. 
Orilla (Keys') Mifier. One child was born to this union. Mrs. 
Carpenter died at Lansing, Mich., March 11, 1903. Joseph Car- 
penter was the uncle of David, Guy and Joel Carpenter, all well 
known residents of Blissfield. James Leslie Carpenter was only 
six months old when he came to Lenawee county with his parents. 
He was reared in the county and received his educational train- 
ing in the public schools. In the fall of 1851 he went to Toledo, 
Ohio, engaged in the mercantile business, and remained there until 
Nov. 5, 1862, when he returned and enlisted as a private in Com- 
panv F, Seventh Michigan cavalry. The first ten companies were 
mustered in Jan. 23, 1863. The regiment was first sent to Washing- 
ton, and later participated in several battles as a part of General 
Custer's brigade. Mr. Carpenter was later commissioned a first 
lieutenant and on the last day of the battle of Gettysburg was shot 
through the lungs while leading his company. On July 8, 1863, 
he received his commission as captain of his company, and after 
he rejoined the regiment he served in that capacity with the Army 
of the Potomac, participating in all the large battles in which that 
army engaged. After the cessation of hostilities the regiment par- 
ticipated in the grand review at Washington and then was included 
in the assignment to the far West. On May 26. 1865, James Car- 
penter was promoted to the rank of major and detailed on detached 
service at Denver. Col., as adjutant-general and post ordinance of- 
ficer, with General Upton. After a final year of service he was 
mustered out and honorably discharged at Detroit, Mich., April 
3, 1866. Upon leaving the army he returned to Toledo and re- 
sumed his position in the mercantile business with the same firm 
by which he had been employed before he left to serve his coun- 
try. In 1872 he went to St. Louis. Mo., and embarked in manu- 
facturing pursuits. Six years later, in the spring of 1878. he went 
to New Orleans. La., to engage in the same business. That was 
the year of the terrible yellow fever epidemic in that city, but 
Mr. Carpenter remained and was fortunate enough not to contra.ct 
the disease. The following year he came to Lenawee county and 
located at Adrian, but subsequently he settled in Blissfield. where 
he still resides. On Feb. 20. i860, Mr. Carpenter was married to 
Miss Mary Keys, of Williamson county, Tennessee. She was born 
in Rose, Wayne county, New York, Jan. 25, 1836. and died in 



yi MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Toledo, Ohio. Jan. 8. 1862. On Oct. 16, 1873, Mr. Carpenter 
married again. His second wife was formerly Aliss Susan M. E. 
Thompson, daughter of E. D. and Emiline (Tucker) Thompson, of 
Chapel Hill. ^Marshall county, Tennessee. Three children were 
the issue of this union. Joseph T., born in St. Louis, Mo., mar- 
ried Grace A. Parmenter, Aug. i, 1900, by whom he has one son, 
and lives in Blissfield, where he is the manager of the A. D. Ellis 
Dry Goods Company; the second child, Anna M. S., born in 
Adrian on Dec. 24, 1880, lives at home ; and Ewing L., born in Bliss- 
held on Dec. 8, 1884. died there Dec. 8, 1900. Mrs. Susan Car- 
penter was born in Rutherford county, Tennessee, June 22, 1838. 
Hers was a beautiful character, possessing all the womanly 
traits and qualities that made her beloved and respected by all 
with whom she came in contact. She was given the benefit of a 
fine education at Franklin College, near Xashville, Tenn. During 
her life she was a member of the Christian church, and was one 
of the most charitable women of its congregation, consistent in 
her belief, but free from prejudice, and ever willing to help those 
in need. She espoused and championed the cause of temperance, 
and being a natural leader was president of the Blissfield branch 
of the ^^"oman's Christian Temperance Union. Four different 
times she was elected president of the second district of Michigan, 
and was filling that high office at the time she was summoned to 
another world. Her death occurred at Blissfield, Jan. 27, 1902. 
Her passing was a distinct loss to the whole community, and she 
was deeply mourned by a wide circle of friends. Mr. Carpenter 
is a stanch supporter of the Republican party, and although he 
has never aspired to public office, he takes an active interest in 
national and local affairs. He is a prominent member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. His religious faith is expressed by 
membership in the Baptist church, of which he is a liberal sup- 
porter. 

John M. Cherry, manufacturer of handles, and one of the lead- 
ing men in the commercial circles of Adrian, was born in Wells 
county, Indiana, about six miles from Bluffton, the county seat, on 
March 18, 1857, the son of Ralph and Elizabeth (Campbell) Cherry. 
Both parents were natives of Ohio and came with their respective 
parents to Indiana, where they met and married in Wells county. 
The father was a carpenter by trade and worked at this vocation 
nearly all of his life. He ran a farm in connection with his busi- 
ness, but it was of secondary importance. In 1899 he passed away, 
and is survived by his widow, who now resides in Bluffton. Five 
children were born to the parents : Mrs. Ben Todd, of Delta. Ohio ; 
John M., the subject of this sketch; James, of Adrian, and Lulu and 
Mary, the last two of whom live with their mother in Bluffton. Mary, 
the youngest child, was born in Ionia count}-, Michigan, but the 
birthplace of the others was in Wells county, where they all re- 
ceived their educational training in the district schools. John, the 
subject of this sketch was engaged in farming after he left school 
until he reached his majority. Then he secured employment with 
a firm dealing in timber and for ten years following worked in a 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 






BIOGRAPHICAL 73 

handle factory in Indiana, mastering all of the details of making 
handles. Of an ambitious nature he was not content with a posi- 
tion on salary, and embarked in the same business for himself. For 
two and a half years he continued in that occupation in his first 
location and then moved his factory to Auburn, Ind. After six 
successful years there he decided to move to Adrian, believing 
that there was a good opening in that city. Business prospered to 
such an extent that in June, 1905, he purchased the old Higby saw 
mill and the ground on which it stood, from Henry A. Angel, of 
Adrian. The factory is located at the east end of Michigan street, 
and is now known as the Adrian Handle Factory. Mr. Cherry is 
the sole owner, and devotes himself to the manufacture of handles 
of all kinds, such as shovel, fork, hoe. rake, broom, d-stems, tele- 
graph spoon handles, etc., which are shipped all over the United 
States and Canada, and exported to Liverpool, England, and other 
parts of Europe. Since Mr. Cherry has located in Adrian the busi- 
ness has grown to such large proportions that it now employs a 
force of twenty-two men throughout the year. Mr. Cherry is a 
Republican in politics and in fraternal matters he is affiliated with 
the Auburn, Ind. lodge of the Knights of Pythias. On Nov. 5, 
7884, Mr. Cherry was united in marriage to Miss Mary Patrey, the 
daughter of Adam and Martha Patrey. of P>luffton, Ind. Mrs. Cherry 
was born in Indiana, her parents being old residents of Blufifton, 
where she received her education. Her father was a shoemaker 
and dealer in liluffton, where he and his wife resided until the time 
of their death. One child has been the issue of the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Cherry — a daughter. Dean, born at Blufifton, where 
she received her early scholastic training. Subsequently she at- 
tended the Adrian High School, graduating with the class of 1908. 
Mr. Cherry realizes the benefits derived from higher education and 
intends to send his daughter to college. The family are members 
of the First Baptist church of Adrian and contribute liberally 
toward its support. Mr. and Mrs. Cherry have a beautiful home at 
17 East Church street. ]\Ir. Cherry is the descendant of a long line 
of loyal Americans, who have played no inconspicuous part in the 
building up of this country. His father responded to the call for 
volunteers when the Union was threatened by the War of Seces- 
sion and enlisted in one of the Indiana regiments. His wife was 
fully as brave, rearing her little family all alone, while her husband 
served his country at the front. 

Vernor B. Cannon, cashier of the Deerfield State Bank, was 
born in Ueerfield. Lenawee county, Michigan. Aug. 27. 1868. His 
father, Benjamin Cannon, was a native of England, and located in 
Deerfield (then a part of Blissfield) township on a tract of land, 
in an early day, later conducted a mercantile business in the vil- 
lage of Deerfield. afterward engaged in flour milling, and still 
later was in the hardware trade in the same village, retiring from 
active business after fifteen profitable years in the last named oc- 
cupation. Joseph, whose decease took place in England, and 
Emma, who died in Adrian. Mich., were brother and sister of 
Benjamin Cannon. The mother of Vernor B., formerly .Susan M. 



74 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Smith, born in Bloomfield. Crawford county, Pennsylvania, 
resides in Deerfield, surviving her husband, whose death at an 
advanced age took place in Deerfield, on May 7, 1909. By a 
previous marriage to John Sebring, of Beaver county,, Pennsyl- 
vania, a daughter, Rosamond, was born, now the wife of Lorren 
S. \'an Antwerp, of Whittier, Cal. Besides Vernor B.. the other chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Cannon were: Forrest, deceased in 
infancy, and Virtue, who died at the age of fifteen years. The sub- 
ject of this sketch, Vernor B. Cannon, was educated in the graded 
schools and high school of Deerfield, becoming an alumnus of the 
latter in 1885, and soon afterward, entering the hardware store of 
his father, continued with him in trade till the sale of the stock 
and business in 1895, being in active charge of the firm's af- 
fairs during the greater portion of the time after entering the store. 
On retiring from the hardware trade he entered the Bank of Deer- 
field as assistant cashier, and so thoroughly mastered the business 
that in 1906, when the bank was reorganized into a state bank, he 
was advanced to the position of cashier, which station of trust 
and responsibility he occupies today. Politically his afifiliations 
are with the Democratic party, but he has never appeared in the 
role of "offensive partisan," recognizing the right of each citizen 
to worship politics according to the dictates of his own conscience. 
That his fellow citizens have faith in the integrity and executive 
ability of Vernor B. Cannon appears from the fact that he has dis- 
charged the duties of township clerk and township treasurer, was 
for several years treasiu'er of Deerfield village, and six 3'ears vil- 
lage clerk. In the matter of fraternal orders Mr. Cannon is some- 
thing of a "belonger," being a member of the Knights of the Mac- 
cabees, Odd Fellows and Masonic bodies. . His religious affiliations 
are with the Methodist Episcopal church, being active in the coun- 
cils, Sunday school and choir of the home organization. September 
9, 1 89 1, he was united in marriage to Miss Jennie Manly, who was 
born on Sept. 4. 1869, and educated in Deerfield, being the foster 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Manly, she having been left an 
orphan at the age of four years. Of an amiable and lovable dispo- 
sition, she grew in the hearts of the worthy couple till she was as 
an own daughter. She passed to the "home beyond" on April 26. 
1892, and on August 29, 1895, Mr. Cannon married Miss Gertrude 
Kirchgessner, daughter of Sebastian and Elizabeth Kirchgessner 
of Deerfield, she having been born on Sept. 20, 1868, in Deerfield, 
where she also was educated, afterward following the useful vo- 
cation of teacher for a period of fifteen years. Mr. and Mrs. Can- 
non have one child, Elva V., born in Deerfield, June 23, 1898. 

John E. Carr, cashier of the Page Woven Wire Fence Com- 
pany of Adrian, was born in Baltimore, Md., May 28, 1865, the 
son of James Carr, also born in Baltimore, Dec. 3, 1830. The 
grandparents were natives of Glasgow, Scotland, and came to the 
United States about 1828. They settled in Baltimore, which city 
henceforth was their home. James Carr, the father, lived in Balti- 
more and vicinity until 1868. While a boy he was "bound out" 
in his native city to learn the brass foundry and finishing busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 75 

ness. After mastering- his trade he entered the employ of the 
United States government at Washington, D. C, where with his 
brother he was engaged on some of the finest bronze work adorn- 
ing that city. The Goddess of Liberty which occupies a posi- 
tion on the National capitol, and the Jackson statue standing in 
front of the White Huuse are the work of the masterhand of John 
Carr, an uncle, after whom the subject of this sketch is named. 
These two particular statues were executed for Clark Mills, the 
well known sculptor and contractor of Washington. During the 
war Mr. James Carr was in the government navy yard at Nor- 
folk, Va., and while there assisted in repairing the Monitor after 
its famous encounter with the Merrimac in Hampton Roads on 
March 9, 1862. From Baltimore. Mr. Carr moved to Chicago and 
became connected with the Jllinois Manufacturing Company, re- 
moving in December. 1869, with that institution to Adrian. Leav- 
ing the Illinois Company he engaged in a restaurant business for 
a time, but about 1878 went to Cincinnati, to become foreman of 
a pattern shoj) and foundry, in a large railroad supply house, re- 
maining- there until 1883. in which year he returned to Adrian to 
engage in the manufacture of a fountain pen, of his invention, as- 
sociated with his three sons, doing business under the title of 
lames Carr & Sons. Later he was tendered and accepted a posi- 
tion in the experimental department of the Page W^oven Wire 
Fence Company, discontinuing the business that he had establish- 
ed, and at the time of his death on Jan. 10, 1903. he was still in 
the em])loy of the Page Company. On July 6. 1854, the father was 
married to Miss Ann Elizabeth Colton, the daughter of William 
and Elizabeth Colton. Eleven sons were born of this union, only 
two of whom are still living, John E, the subject of this sketch, 
and Charles H., who was born in Baltimore. Md., June 17, 1867, 
and now makes his home in Adrian, holding a position with 
the same company as his brother. The mother, wdio was born in 
Leicester, England. May 3. 1833. came to America with her parents 
when a child. The maternal grandfather, William Colton, was a 
native of London, and his wife, Elizabeth (Cooper) Colton, was 
born and reared in Leicester. England. The mother is still a re- 
spected resident of Adrian. John E. Carr came to Adrian with his 
parents in his fifth year and with the exception of several short in- 
tervals has spent his life in Adrian. He received his early scholastic 
training in the public schools of Adrian and W'est Covington, Ky. 
Between his school and college days he spent tw^o years in a law 
office in Cincinnati and then was apprenticed to learn the trade of 
pattern-maker under the able preceptorship of his father. The 
vocation, however, not being congenial, was discontinued before 
his return to Adrian in 1883, there for a time he was associated 
with the business formed with his father, looking after the sales 
and office end of the business. This he abandoned for newspaper 
work, serving as reporter for seven years with the Evening Record, 
Adrian Times and the Adrian Telegram. During this period he 
was also the local representative of both Detroit and Toledo dailies. 
Not finding the newspaper field particularly profitable, he went 



76 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

west for a time and managed a coal business at Sioux City, Iowa, 
and from there he returned to Adrian and became an attache in the 
office of the Clark Mason Wholesale Grocery. In February, 1895, Mr. 
Carr became a clerk in the office of the treasurer of the Page Woven 
Wire Fence Company, and in August of the same year, while away 
on his vacation, was promoted to the position of cashier. In 1902, at 
the reorganization of the company, he was elected to the board, 
and each year since has been chosen a director of the company. Mr. 
Carr inaugurated the system of bookkeeping that so well meets the 
peculiar necessities of the company's large and complicated busi- 
ness. In fraternal organizations Mr. Carr is prominent in Adrian- 
Lenawee Tent, No. 145, Knights of the Maccabees ; of Lenawee 
tent he was a charter member, the first record keeper, and subse- 
quently sir knight commander. He is a member of the Adrian 
Lodge, No. 19, Free and Accepted Masons, and of Adrian Lodge, 
No. 429, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also 
grand treasurer for Michigan, of the Fraternal Mystic Circle. For 
three years he served as president of the Home Comers' Associa- 
tion of Adrian, for two years was president of the Business Alen's 
Association, after having served a year as secretary to that or- 
ganization. From his boyhood days he has been a loyal supporter 
and worker in the Baptist church, with which he united at Cov- 
ington, Ky., March 5, 1882. For many years he has served the 
local church as a member of its board of trustees and for eight and 
one half years was secretary of the board. He is now president of 
the church council and was the first president of the Adrian Bap- 
tist Brotherhood. For three years he served the young people as 
president of the Baptist Young People's Union. In 1898 he was 
elected secretary and treasurer of the Michigan Baptist Young 
People's Union, and in 1902 was chosen as treasurer. A year later 
he was elected state president, serving two years, and declined to 
take the office again. He has represented this organization in its 
national gathering several times and at the meeting in Baltimore, 
1895, was given a place on the program. For nine years he edited 
a monthly publication called "Our Church," and because of his 
stick-to-it-ive-ness obstacles wxre overcome which made it possible 
for Dorcas Chapel of the Baptist church to be built. He further 
served in that work as secretary of the building committee. He 
served the Sunday school for a period of five years as assistant su- 
perintendent. He was elected a director in the Adrian Young 
Men's Christian Association in 1907 and the following year re- 
elected for a term of three years. He is serving this organization 
as recording secretary. In the matter of politics he espouses the 
Democratic cause. He was his party's candidate for mayor of 
Adrian in the spring of 1903, and was again candidate for the 
same position in 1905. Although defeated both times his popularity 
was amply demonstrated in the last named year when he came 
within thirty-nine votes of being elected in a city that usually 
gives a Republican majority of 450. At other times Mr. Carr has 
been the candidate of his party for important offices. On Sept. 6, 
1888, Mr. Carr was united in marriage to Miss Kate Decker, born 



BIOGRAPHICAL 'JJ 

in Adrian July 23, 1869, the daughter of the late John Decker and 
Kate ( Miller j Decker. John Decker was born in Wurtemburg, 
Germany, May 11, 1832. When only twenty years of age he left 
Germany, crossed the Atlantic and landed in New York. He worked 
there at the shoemaker's trade which he had mastered in the Father- 
land. In 1865 he moved west to Adrian and in March of the fol- 
lowing year was united in marriage to Miss Katherine Miller, born 
in Adrian, Feb. 7, 1847. Twu children were born to the parents: 
George E., of the firm of Decker & Kaiser and Mrs. Carr. Soon 
after coming to Adrian Mr. Decker found employment with Barse 
& King and when that firm dissolved, accepted a position with 
W'haley & Hoag and later with Mr. W'haley. When Mr. Whaley 
retired Mr. Decker withdrew from active participation in large af- 
fairs, but continued to conduct a business of his own, preferring 
some occupation to absolute idleness. Mr. Decker's demise oc- 
curred July I, 1908. He was a member of the German Working- 
men's Association and was respected and esteemed by all with 
whom he came in contact. Two children have come to bless the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. Carr: George Lee, born Feb. 12, 1890. who 
graduated from the Adrian High School in 1908. and is now pur- 
suing a Hterarv course in Kalamazoo College, and Ralph Levere, 
born July 28, 1897. The Carr home is on Broad street in one of 
the most beautifu] residence districts of Adrian. 

Dr. Artemas W. Chase, M. D., one of the leading physicians 
of Adrian and Lenawee counlw was born in Raisin township, Sept*. 
7, 1875, and is the son of A. \\'. and Mary E. (Smith) Chase, the 
former of whom was born in Raisin township. The mother first 
saw the light of day in Xew Jersey, but came to Michigan while 
still a child with her parents, who settled near Ypsilanti. The 
father followed agricultural pursuits most of his active life, but 
during the ten years immediately preceding his death he was 
employed by the Lake Shore & ^Michigan Southern and W^abash 
railroads. The mother died in 1890, and the father i)assed away 
some seven years later. To them were born three children, of 
whom the Doctor is the youngest. The eldest, a daughter, died in 
infancy, and Maud E. is now the wife of Frank Kelley, superinten- 
dent of the Monarch Fence Company of Adrian. On the paternal 
side Dr. Chase comes of a line that has done much to bring Lena- 
wee county to its present place of culture and advanced thought. 
His grandfather. Rev. Levi H. Chase, w^as a leader in the advance- 
ment of Christianity in the county and was for many years a 
prominent figure in all movements that tended to the betterment of 
the people. Born in Providence, Saratoga county, New York, com- 
ing of a long line of sturdy Americans, noted for their strength of 
limb and mind, he came to manhood in the Empire State, married 
there Oct. 24, 1826, Miss Anna Haviland, and for seven years made 
his home on a farm in his native county. In 1833 he came to Mich- 
igan, making the journey to Lenawee county by lake and cross 
country traveling. On his arrival here he obtained possession of 
a large tract of government land, in sections 28 and 33, the 
country at that time being an unbroken wilderness, and the nearest 



78 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

neighbor more than two miles away. Air. Chase was a man of 
superb intellect, a great reader and a devout and earnest student 
of the Bible. During the long winter evenings he devoted himself 
to the study of the greatest of all books and came to be known 
as an authority on scriptural matters. He had been brought up in 
the Quaker faith, but when he grew to manhood he joined the Free- 
WilTBaptists, and by his singular ability and fluency as a speaker 
and his depth as a scholar he won for himself an ordination as min- 
ister of the latter faith. As his knowledge of the Scriptures 
widened and his intimacy with the world grew greater he felt that 
to lead the time Christian life and to do the best good to mankind, 
a person must not be bound by creed, but should teach the Scrip- 
tures as nearly as he could thus understand them, in their most 
simple manner and literal sense. From year to year his influence 
broadened, and finding many converts to his belief he established 
with them a religious body which they denominated the Christian 
church. Its chief tenets were that for the remission of sins one 
must be baptized by immersion, that the world was to be purified 
by fire ; and that life eternal and the presence of Christ were only 
to be known to the faithful followers of the Messiah. Rev. Levi 
H. Chase departed this life at his home in Raisin township on Oct. 
5. 1877. leaving a heritage of faith, which has ever done much for 
the inspiration of his followers. Upon the shoulders of his son, 
Rev. Levi C. Chase, fell the father's mantle, and for more than half 
a century he labored in the fields where his father had won honor. 
Born in Raisin township on July 17, 1843, his parents discovered 
that at an early day he exhibited that deep religious nature which 
comes only to those who have a great mission to fulfill. After com- 
pleting his primary educational work in the district schools he took 
a course at Raisin Institute. Upon being called to the pulpit for- . 
merly occupied by his father he took up the work and developed it 
to its present high standard. His wnfe to whom he was united on 
March 14, 1864, was formerly Miss Sarah A. Coddington, a daugh- 
ter of John and Anna (Dedmund) Coddington, of Adrian town- 
ship. Like his father he was a deep thinker, a man of fine intellect 
and a close Bible student. Dr. Chase took his preparatory schol- 
astic work in the Raisin \^alley Seminary and graduated there with 
the class of 1896. Then he entered the Detroit College of Medicine, 
and in 1900 graduated with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
at once began the practice of his profession at Adrian andjias been 
exceptionally successful in it ever since. Throughout the country 
he is known as a student of his profession and a surgeon of more 
than ordinary skill. Politically he is allied with the Democratic 
party, but has never aspired to public office. In fraternal circles 
he is also prominent, being enrolled in the Blue Lodge of the F.ree 
and Accepted Masons, and is a major in the uniform rank of the 
Knights of Pythias. His professional associations are with the 
Adrian, the Tri-State, the Lenawee County and the State Medical 
societies. The Doctor belongs to the Church of Christ of Raisin 
township, and his wife is a member of the Christian church of 
Adrian. Both are loyal and willing workers in the Christian field. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 79 

Dr. Chase's marriage to Miss Bertha J. Smith occurred April 19, 

1900. Mrs. Chase's father is Francis Smith, formerly of Adrian, 
but now a farmer in the town of Rome. Mrs. Chase was born in 
Adrian and received her education in the public schools of that 
citv. graduating at the high school with the class of 1897. Two 
children have come to bless this union: Edith M., born Jan. 27, 

1901, and Francis L., born Feb. 11, 1902. Dr. Chase has recently- 
built a handsome residence at 61 B. College avenue, one of the fin- 
est residence streets in Adrian. Tie has offices in the new building 
of the Lenawee County Savings Bank. 

Charles A. Church, the junior member of the firm of Church 
Bros., one of the prominent manufacturing concerns of Adrian, 
was born in Seneca township, this county, three miles from Mor- 
enci. May 29. 1861. the son of Oliver and Henrietta (Stephenson) 
Church. His grandfather was Oliver. L. Church of English descent, 
who lived in Seneca county, Xew York, for many years. He was 
a blacksmith by trade and moved to Michigan at an early day, 
when it was practically a wilderness. He conducted a blacksmith 
shop in -Adrian for several years. Few horses were used in those 
earlv days, oxen being used in their stead, and his labors consisted 
chiefly of making shoes for those animals, also performing the usual 
work required l)y the patrons of a smithy at that time. Oliver 
Church, the father, was one of Lenawee county's pioneer settlers. 
He was born in Seneca county. Xew York. April 27, 1822. the 
seventh child born to his parents, and received the rudiments of a 
practical education in his native state. When only fourteen years 
of age he determined to seek his fortune on the frontier and with 
many other adventurous ones, who have paved the way for per- 
manent settlement, came to the territory of Michigan and took 
up land in the township of Madison. Lenawee county. There he 
established a home in 1836. Subsequently he moved to Seneca 
township and located on section 2^. Mr. Church had learned the 
blacksmith's trade from his father and followed that calling besides 
conducting his farm. He met Miss Henrietta Stephenson, of 
Seneca township, who was born in Paris, Oneida county. New 
York, in 1820. and they were married in Dover township. Lenawee 
county. The father took a great interest in stock and became a 
heavy dealer in blooded cattle. He was a good business man, keen 
and far sighted, and met with well deserved success. Before his 
demise he became the owner of 320 acres of the finest farming land 
in the county. Four children were born to the parents: Elizabeth, 
born in Dover township, died at the age of ten ; Andrew, also born 
in Dover township, is now a resident of Adrian, and senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Church Brothers ; Lillie E., the wife of William 
H. Shierson, of Adrian, was born in Seneca township, as was also 
Charles A., the subject of this sketch. All of the children were 
reared and educated in Seneca township, and Lillie E. and Charles 
A. attended the Morenci schools after finishing those of the district. 
Charles A. Church, to whom this review is dedicated, returned tp 
the country after leaving school and was engaged in farming_ until 
he was twenty-one years' of age. When he had attained his majority 



8o .MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

he went into the farm implement business in Alurenci. in partner- 
ship with his brother Andrew, under the firm name of Church 
Brothers. As the business increased they added a manufacturing 
plant to their industry, making- iron pumps, implements and hand- 
made fence, and for this purpose organized the Church Manufac- 
turing Company of Adrian. After some years they closed out their 
interest in that business and four years ago they built a factory on 
Center and Lawrence streets, and began to manufacture woven 
wire fence stretchers, wire splicers, fence erecting tools, pumps, 
cylinders and sprayers, under the firm name of Church Brothers. 
The business of Church Brothers is rapidly increasing and it is one 
of the leading manufacturing concerns in Adrian. The Church» 
Brothers own 240 acres of land in Seneca township, which was of 
the old homestead their father owned. In politics Mr. Chinxh is a 
Reptiblican and as such has served as treasurer of the village of 
Alorenci and of Seneca township at different times. He has acted 
as salesman for the business in which he and his brother Andrew 
are interested, as he thoroughly tmderstands the goods manu- 
factured and the demands of the trade. On June 16, 1901, was 
solemnized the marriage of Air. Church to Miss Adda M. Camburn, 
the daughter of the late Harmon Camburn, of whom a sketch 
appears elsewhere in this work. Mrs. Church received her educa- 
tion in the public schools of Adrian, her native town, and in addi- 
tion took a three-term cottrse in mttsic at Albion College, after her 
graduation at the Adrian High School in 1891. Four children have 
come to bless this union: Elizabeth E., Edith H., Charles Andrew, 
Jr., and Robert ^^^. all of whom were born in Adrian. 

Walter E. Cook, who has risen to a high place among the 
business men of Adrian, was born in that city on Jan. i, i860, a son 
of A\"alter G. and Rosmond (Ross) Cook. The father was born in 
Rochester, N. Y., and rendered valorous service in an Ohio regi- 
ment diu-ing the Civil war. The paternal grandfather was killed 
in a railroad accident near Toledo some years ago, and the paternal 
great-grandmother lived to the remarkable age of one htmdred and 
fourteen years. The mother is a native of Vermont, and was mar- 
ried in Toledo. Ohio, where she and her husband now reside. Of 
the thirteen children born to the parents, eight survive, five 
datighters and three sons. One son, S. C. Cook, is superintendent 
of the factory now owned bv his brother in Adrian, and another 
son, A\"illiam Cook, is a resident of Oshkosh, Wis. Mr. Cook re- 
ceived his edticational advantages in the Toledo and Adrian schools, 
and for fourteen years after he had completed his scholastic train- 
ing was employed as a sash, door and blind maker and a general 
woodworker. When he severed that association it was to enter the 
employ of the Gilliland Electric Company, with which firm he re- 
mained for a period of nine years. In July, 1900, he began his 
connection with Kells' foundry, becoming a partner with Amos 
M. Kells and O. \\'. Davis in the manufacture of brick and tile ma- 
chines, clay crushers and brick and tile 3^ard supplies. It is the 
manufacture of these machines that has gained for the company a 
reputation from coast to coast. The company also manufactures 




^^ .£L^^^ 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC I [""^'KY 



ASro?^, I . > AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 



BIOGRAPHICAL 8l 

iron, brass and aluminum castings, does a general jobbing busi- 
ness and makes a specialty of repair work. It is also the agent for 
the Duro Babbitt metal and for the Nagel Engine and Boiler Works, 
of Erie, Pa. The history of the Kells' foundry is one of the in- 
teresting features of the development of the city of Adrian. In the 
late sixties the late Philip H. Kells began the manufacture of a 
brick and tile machine, for which he took out patents in the United 
States and Canada. Some years later, in 1882, he erected a ma- 
chine shop and foundry which subsequently became part of the 
present plant, and admitted into partnership his three sons, Abra- 
ham, Jacob and Philip, Jr., as equal partners. Upon the father's 
death, a few years later, the three sons were left to carry on the 
business, which they did most successfully until an accident be- 
fell Jacob Kells, which resulted in his death. Upon the settlement 
of the estate the plant became the property of Jacob Kells' widow 
and her two sons, Amos M. and Alonzo. Under their management 
the business continued to prosper for a year, and then another 
change of ownership was affected, Mrs. Kells and her son, Alonzo, 
disposing of their interests to O. W. Davis and Walter E. Cook. 
Two years later Mr. Davis disposed of his interest to the other two 
partners, and in 1906 the controlling interest of the whole concern 
passed into Mr. Cook's hands. He still retains the original name 
of Kells Foundry & Machine Company, whose products are well 
and favorably known in every state and territory of the United 
States, as well as in many European countries, from the fact that 
Kells' brick and tile machines have been shipped to very nearly 
every civilized country in the world. Since the time the patents 
were first taken out nothing has been brought into use which can 
in any way effectively equal the Kells' machines. They have re- 
ceived the highest awards at many of the different state fairs, name- 
ly, the Michigan, Indiana Tri-State, the Illinois and the Wisconsin 
fairs, and at dift'erent times have been awarded diplomas at the 
great Provincial fair at Toronto. Canada, and the Great Western 
Fair, at London, Ontario. Mr. Cook has also secured the patents 
and the right to build the Cor3^ell Cement Block machine, used for 
the manufacture of hollow cement wall blocks, which have no 
equal because of the fact that the blocks made by the machine are 
absolutely frost proof. Because of his thorough knowledge of 
every detail of the industry of which he is the owner much of the 
credit for the firm's rapid and wholesome growth within the past 
few years must be credited to Mr. Cook's careful guidance and di- 
rection, combined with a keen business acumen and his scrupulous 
honesty. Beside his interest in Kells' foundry, the offices of which 
are at Nos. 82 and 84 North Main street, Mr. Cook is president of 
the Schwarze Electric Company, with offices at 58 and 60 North 
Main street. In his political views he is allied with the Republican 
party, and although he takes great interest in the elections and 
campaigns, he has little leisure, because of the pressure of his gi- 
gantic business affairs, to devote to politics. In fact, to his lack 
of time can be attributed his defeat in 1904, when he was nominated 
by his party, despite his desire to have some other man named, as 
6-2 V 



82 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

mayor of Adrian. He is prominent and popular in a social and 
fraternal way, being a Knight Templar, of the Masonic order, and 
a Noble of the Mystic Shrine of Moslem Tent of Detroit; a mem- 
ber of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights 
of Pythias, the Modern Woodmen of America, and the Knights 
and Ladies of Security. On June 9, 1881, Mr. Cook was happily 
married in the German Lutheran church of Adrian, to Miss Anna 
B. Gippert, a daughter of Fred Gippert, of Adrian. Mrs. .Cook 
passed away on Dec. 20, 1906, leaving, beside her husband, two 
children, Arthur F. and Pearl. Arthur was married on June 28, 
1906, to Miss Edith Knowles, a daughter of Cullen Knowles, of 
Adrian, and they have one son, Everett, born Aug. 18, 1907. Ar- 
thur is a machinist in his father's shop and Pearl is a stenographer 
in her father's office. 

Obert B. Clark, now serving his fourth year as supervisor from 
the Fourth ward of Adrian, was born on a farm in Palmyra town- 
ship on Sept. 7, 1874. He is the son of Owen and Caroline (Keeber) 
Clark, the former born in Ireland in 1837, ^^^1 the latter in New 
York. The father came to the United States when nine years of 
age with his parents, and with them he proceeded directly to 
Lenawee county. LTntil he was forty years of age he was engaged 
in railroad work on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern line, and 
then after his marriage purchased forty acres of land in Palmyra 
township. Later he disposed of this property by sale and purchased 
eighty acres elsewhere in the township, where he lived until his 
death, Avhich occurred in March, 1896. The mother still lives and 
makes her home on the old farm. Four sons and three daughters 
were born to the parents, and their names in the order of birth 
follow : Ella is Mrs. Eugene Dawson of Palmyra township ; Kate 
l)ecame the wife of Bert Kennedy, and died in 1895 ; Obert B. is 
the subject of this memoir; James is a student at the Detroit 
Medical College ; Fred is managing the home farm ; Bert is the 
agent for the National Express Company at Muskegon, ]\Iich. ; and 
Edna is the wife of William Martin, of Palmyra township. After 
completing the courses afforded by the district schools in the 
vicinit}' of his boyhood home, Obert B. Clark entered the employ 
of the Page Woven AVire Fence Company, devoting his time to 
weaving and repairing looms. He remained in the employ of that 
firm for ten continuous years, with the exception of the time he 
served in a Michigan regiment during the Spanish-American war. 
When he left the employ of the Page Company he purchased a 
milk route in Adrian and was very successful in its conduct until 
he sold it a short time since, realizing a good profit. Tn the matter 
of politics Mr. Clark has always been a staunch adherent to the 
tenets of the Democratic party, and his two successive elections 
as supervisor from the Fourth ward have been as the candidate 
of that party. Fraternally he is prominently identified with the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of 
America. On Jan. i, 1900, Mr. Clark was happily married to Miss 
Jennie Rickerson, a daughter of Leslie C. and Rhoda (Kirkendall) 
Rickerson, of Clinton, Lenawee countv. Mrs. Clark's father is a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 83 

carpenter by vocation and is now serving as janitor of the county 
courthouse. Mrs. Clark was born in Clinton, and is the second in 
order of birth of four daughters born to her parents. Two children 
have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Clark, namely: 
Louella Fern, born Feb. 19, 1904, and James Edward, born June 
2y. 1907. I'he Clark home is at 38 South Center street. 

Frank P. Clarkson, a representative of one of the honored 
pioneer families of Lenawee county, which has been his home from 
the time of his birth, is numbered among the successful exponents 
of the great basic art of agriculture in this section of the state, 
though he has maintained his residence in the village of Tecumseh 
for the past several years. He was born in Macon township, this 
county, March 9, 1853, a son of John J. and Mary Ann (Miller) 
Clarkson, both natives of Livingston county. New York, where the 
former was born in 1824 and the latter in 1826. The paternal grand- 
father, Daniel Clarkson, was a native of Xew Jersey, and his wife, 
whose maiden name was ]3eborah Cadmus, was born in the state 
of Xew York, where their marriage was solemnized. They came to 
Lenawee county, Alichigan, in the early '30s. prior to the admission 
of the state to the Union, and settled in Macon township, where 
Daniel Clarkson reclaimed a farm from the virgin forest, and where 
both he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives. Further 
data concerning the family genealogy is to be found in the sketches 
of James and Richard Clarkson, appearing on other pages of this 
volume. The maternal grandparents of the subject of this review 
were Stephen V. and Harriet (Van Vleet) Miller, both natives of 
the state of Xew York, whence they came as pioneers to Lenawee 
county, Michigan. They settled in Macon township, and there 
passed the residue of their lives. John J. Clarkson was a boy at the 
time of his parents' emigration from the old Empire state to the 
wilds of Michigan, and he was reared to manhood on the pioneer 
homestead in Macon township, in whose district and subscription 
schools he secured his early educational training, which was lim- 
ited, owing to the exigencies of time and place. He eventually 
became one of the representative farmers and influential citizens of 
Macon township, where he accumulated a landed estate of 320 
acres, a considerable portion of which he reclaimed from the virgin 
forest. In politics he gave his allegiance to the Democratic party, 
and both he and his wife held membership in the Reformed church. 
Mrs. Clarkson passed to the life eternal in 1900, and his death 
occurred in 1902. Their names are most consistently given place 
on the roster of the honored pioneers of Lenawee county, where to 
them was ever accorded the fullest measure of popular confidence 
and regard. They became the parents of three children : Sidney 
W., the youngest of the three, is cashier of the First National 
Bank of Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Eugene S., graduated in the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, is now engaged in the practice 
of his profession in the city of Detroit, and is associated with his 
brother Sidney in the ownership of the old family homestead in 
Macon township. Frank P., subject of this sketch, is indebted to 
the public schools of Macon township for his early educational 



84 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

discipline, and he was reared under the sturdy and beneficent influ- 
ences of the home farm, with the various details of whose opera- 
tion he early became familiar. He has ever continued appreciative 
of the dignity and independence of the life of the progressive 
farmer and has been identified with agricultural pursuits through- 
out his entire business career. He is now the owner of a finely 
improved farm of 120 acres in Macon township, and recently sold 
another farm of ninety-three acres in the same township. Since 
1903 he has resided in the village of Tecumseh, where he has an 
attractive home, but he still gives a general supervision to his 
farming interests. Though never an aspirant for public office of 
any order he is a staunch supporter of the cause of the Democratic 
part}' and takes a loyal interest in local affairs, as a progressive 
and public-spirited citizen. He attends and his wife holds member- 
ship in the Presbyterian church in Tecumseh. On June 12, 1884, 
Mr. Clarkson was united in marriage to Miss Nellie Clark, who was 
born in Monroe county, Alichigan, Jan. 14, 1855, ^ daughter of 
Eliphalet and Susan C. (Barnaby) Clark, both natives of the state 
of New York, but became residents of Monroe county, Michigan, 
in the pioneer days. There their marriage was solemnized and there 
they continued to reside until 1864, when they came to Lenawee 
count}' and located in Ridgeway township, where Mr. Clark 
became a successful farmer and where his death occurred in 1872. 
He was a Republican in politics and he and his wife, whose death 
occurred in 1905, were both devout members of the Alethodist Epis- 
copal church. Of their six children two are now living. The 
paternal grandparents of Mrs. Clarkson were Eliphalet and Eliza- 
beth (Eldridge) Clark, who were early settlers of Monroe count}', 
Michigan, where they resided until their death. The maternal 
grandparents, Ambrose and Salome (Taylor) Barnaby, were 
natives of the state of New York and they likewise became pioneer 
settlers of Monroe count}-, Michigan, in 1839, and there they passed 
the residue of their lives. Their only surviving child is Henry 
I. Barnaby, of Toledo, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Clarkson have one son, 
John Dwight, born Sept. 14, 1889. He was graduated in the 
Tecumseh High School in 1908. and is now a member of the class 
of 19 1 2 in the literar}- department of the University of Michigan. 
Edwin H, Cogswell, who is now living virtually retired in the 
city of Hudson, was long numbered among the representative 
business men of the county and through his varied operations he 
accumulated a competency — a just reward for years of earnest toil 
and endeavor. He is a citizen who has ever commanded the 
unqualified confidence and esteem of the community and is a mem- 
ber of a family which settled in Michigan in the pioneer epoch of 
the state's history. Mr. Cogswell was born in Alleghany county. 
New York, Oct. 7, 1834, and is a son of Seth H. and Nancy (Bos- 
worth) Cogswell, both of whom were born in the vicinity of 
Palmyra, N. Y. The father was reared on a small farm in the old 
Empire state, and after attaining to his legal majority he married 
and initiated his independent career. He then entered upon an 
apprenticeship at the trade of blacksmith, to which he continued 



BIOGRAPHICAL 85 

to give his attention in his native state until 1844, when- he came 
with his family to Michigan and located near Grass Lake, in Eaton 
county, where he engaged in farming, though his principal line of 
operations was in the buying and selling of land. In 1851 he came 
with his family to Hudson, which was then a small village, and 
here he continued successfully in the business of handling real 
estate for a number of years. He died near Lansing in 1899, at a 
venerable age, and his wife died in 1885. They became the parents 
of four sons and one daughter, all of whom are living except one 
of the sons. The parents were consistent members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and the father gave his support to the cause of 
the Republican party from the time of its organization until his 
death. He was a man of integrity and marked business acumen, 
and he was one of the honored pioneer citizens of Hudson at the 
time he was called from the scene of life's activities. Edwin H. 
Cogswell, the immediate subject of this review, was a lad of ten 
3'ears at the time of the family removal from New York to Michi- 
gan, and for a time he was a pupil in the pioneer district schools 
of Eaton county. After the family removal to Hudson he con- 
tinued his studies in the public schools of this village, and he was 
also afforded the advantages of a local private school. At the age 
of twenty years he left school and initiated his independent career 
by engaging in the lumber business. He went to Lowell, this 
state, where he became associated in the erection and operation of 
a saw mill, and there he continued his residence for a period of six 
years, at the expiration of which he returned to Hudson, where in 
the ensuing years he followed such lines of enterprise as proved 
expedient and remunerative. For a number of years he did a 
successful business as a contractor and builder, in which connec- 
tion he erected many houses in the village and vicinity, besides other 
buildings. He also handled lumber and was a buyer and shipper of 
live stock and various farm products, especially apples. He recalls 
with humorous satisfaction his first speculative enterprise, made 
when he was a young man. He purchased fourteen barrels of eggs 
and handled the same with such consummate discrimination that 
upon disposing of the product he realized a profit of fourteen cents, 
without taking account of his time and labor. He has lived retired 
for several years, and finds his "lines to be cast in pleasant places," 
since he is surrounded by a host of tried and true friends and is 
living amidst the associations which many years have endeared 
to him. He has never entered the arena of "practical" politics, but 
has ever been a stalwart supporter of the principles and policies 
of the Republican party, in whose cause he has rendered effective 
aid, though never a seeker of preferment for himself. He served 
two years as a member of the board of aldermen of Hudson, but 
this was essentially a case where the office sought the man and not 
the man the office. He and his wife are among the oldest and 
most zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal church in their 
home city, and their home is a center of gracious hospitality. Mrs. 
Cogswell has long been prominent in church work and in the best 
social life of the community. She holds membership in the Twen- 



86 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

tieth Century Club and the Friday Club, and her circle of friends is 
circumscribed only by that of her acquaintances. On May i8, 
1862, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Cogswell to Miss Adelia 
S. Miller, daughter of Isaiah C. and Deborah F. (Pratt) Miller, 
who were numbered among the honored pioneers of Lenawee 
county, whither they came from the state of New York. They 
settled in Rollin township, where Mr. Miller reclaimed a farm and 
became one of the representative agriculturists of the county. He 
was born in 1810 and died Aug. 7, 1893. His wife was born in 1815, 
and died Nov. 3, 1899. Of their seven children, six attained to years 
of maturity, and of the number four are now living. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cogswell became the parents of one daughter, Josephine, who 
became tiie wife of Amos Hollinger, and who died in Columbia, 
Penn., March 7, 1903. 

Miner Thomas Cole is now living retired at his pleasant home 
in Palmyra township after a well-spent and useful life, no small 
part of which was his more than four years' service in behalf of the 
nation during the great internecine struggle of 1861-65. He was 
born at Spencer, Lucas county, Ohio, July 3, 1839, the son of Aaron 
Hazen and Lydia Bloomer (Rappleye) Cole. Both parents were 
born in Seneca county, New York, the father on Feb. 26, 1813, and 
the rnother on Feb. 18, 181 7, and they were married in New York 
on March 21, 1835. Shortl}^ afterward they came west to what is 
now Lucas county. Ohio, where the father took up 240 acres of 
government land. He had been ordained a local minister of the 
Baptist church, and served as such throughout the period of his 
residence in Ohio. Lucas county constituted a portion of that strip 
of territory which involved Michigan and Ohio in what is locally 
known as the Toledo war, a boundary dispute, which was finally 
settled by giving to Ohio the strip of territory claimed by Michi- 
gan, and for several years under the jurisdiction of the then terri- 
tory, the upper peninsula being traded for that disputed strip . The 
father continued farming operations until 1864, in the meantime 
inventing what is known as the Cole wedge trace buckle. In the 
above named vear he removed to Adrian to enoag^e in the manu- 
facture of that buckle, and was thus engaged when he was sum- 
moned by the angel of death on Oct. 27, 1867. His widow passed 
away on Oct. 8, 1889, while visiting a son at Dallas, Tex. Seven 
children were born to the parents : Harriet Calista, born Dec. 20, 
•1835, died March 4, 1868; William Rappleye, born Sept. 25, 1837, 
is engaged in fruit-raising near Dallas, Tex.; Miner Thomas is the 
subject of this sketch; Adoniram Judson. born at Spencer, Ohio, 
Oct. II, 1843, died at West Barre, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1861 ; Frank 
Marion, born Dec. 25, 185 1, at Maumee City, Ohio, is a farmer at 
Chester, Va. ; Ralph Tunis, born Dec. 25, 1853, at Maumee City, 
Ohio, now a resident of Brighton, Col., where he is in the mercan- 
tile business ; and George Ide, born April 14, 1857, at Grand Blanc, 
Mich., is now a bookkeeper in the Troy Laundry at Los Angeles, 
Cal. Miner Thomas Cole, to whom this review is dedicated, 
received his educational training in the schools of Spencer and 
Maumee, Ohio, and later took a course of studv at Kalamazoo 



BIOGRAPHICAL 8/ 

College. Until he was sixteen years of age lie remained on his 
father's farm, and then for two years worked as a farm-hand in 
Grand Blanc, Genesee county, Michigan. With an older brother 
he then leased the father's farm and was engaged in operating it 
at the time of the outbreak of the Civil w^ar. On Aug. 26, 1861, he 
enlisted as a private in Company F, Fourteenth Ohio infantry, for 
a three-years term. Col. James B. Steedman commanded the 
regiment and Capt. John A. Chase the company. With his regi- 
ment Mr. Cole participated in many of the hardest fought contests 
of the war, including Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Jonesboro, 
the advance upon Atlanta, and Sherman's march to the sea. Of 
the 449 men and officers of the regiment who participated in the 
battle of Chickamauga. 233 were killed, wounded or missing; at 
Missionary Ridge it charged and captured a Confederate battery of 
three guns which (General Hardee was commanding in person, 
losing sixteen killed, ninety-one wounded and three missing. In 
the charge at Jonesljoro the Fourteenth took nearly as many pris- 
oners as the regiment numbered men, a battery of four guns, several 
stands of colors and two lines of trenches full of Confederates ; and 
it was on the streets of Atlanta when the city was burned some 
days after its capture. On the arrival of the regiment at Golds- 
boro, N. C. after marching with Sherman, Mr. Cole found a com- 
mission awaiting him as first lieutenant of the Twenty-second 
United States colored infantry, which was later sent after J. Wilkes 
Booth, the slayer of President Lincoln, and subse(|uently partici- 
pated in the obsequies of the martyred president and also in the 
Grand Review at Washington. Later Mr. Cole was in command of 
the colored troops at Brownsville. Tex., and in November, 1865, 
was honorably discharged from the service. He returned to Adrian 
and engaged with his father in the manufacture of the wedge 
buckle. Two years later he purchased thirty-seven acres "of land, 
part of his present farm, and has gradually added to it until today 
he is the ow^ner of 165 acres. While he was actively engaged in 
agriculture he made a specialty of dairying. Some years ago he 
determined to retire from active participation in the afifairs of 
daily life to enjoy a well earned respite, and since that time he has 
rented his property, although he still lives on the place. In the 
matter of politics Mr. Cole has given unswerving allegiance to the 
men and measures of the Republican party, and has been the recipi- 
ent of numerous official honors at the hands of the constituents of 
that organization. He has held all the different local offices and 
served his district two terms as a representative in the state legis- 
lature. On May 30, 1867. was celebrated Mr. Cole's marriage to 
Miss Mary Jane Taylor, born in Spencer, Ohio, Sept. 14. 1842, the 
daughter of" William and Mary (Corson) Taylor. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Taylor were born in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, and 
came to Ohio in 1835. The former engaged in farming and mill 
work and at one time served as county commissioner. He remained 
at Spencer until a few years before his death, and then disposing 
of his sawmill interests 'moved to Toledo, where he became presi- 
dent of the narrow-gauge railway between Toledo and Waterville, 



88 . MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Ohio. Mrs. Taylor died on Dec. 29, 1882, and her husband survived 
her but a short time, his demise occurring on Nov. 18, 1884. Four 
children were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Cole : 
Harriet Calista, the eldest, born Sept. 19, 1868, was united in mar- 
riage on Xov. 29, 1893, to Herbert R. Clark, a lawyer at Adrian 
and the local attorney for the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
railroad; Harley Linn, born March 20, 1874, is now employed by 
a large concern boring for oil at Old Castle, Ontario, Canada ; 
Florence Marion, born Jan. 25, 1876, has followed the calling of 
school teacher at Adrian, Reed City, Houghton and Escanaba, but 
at present is living with her parents; Mary Taylor, born Aug. 31, 
1877, became the wife of Dr. G. B. Isl. Seager. Mr. Cole's great- 
grandfather, Elisha Cole, was a soldier of the Revolutionary war, 
and his paternal grandfather, Daniel Cole, served in the United 
States army in the war of 1812. All his daughters are members 
of the Daughters of the Revolution. 

Hon. John H. Combs, the genial sales manager of the Anthony 
Fence Company and president of the village of Tecumseh, was 
born in Rome township, Lenawee county, Michigan, on Dec. 22, 
1861. His father, Dr. Henry P. Combs, was born in Onondaga 
county. New York, on June 19, 1820, the son of John and Maria S. 
(Piatt) Combs. John Combs Avas a native of New Hampshire but 
removed to New York when a voung man and there in 1816 mar- 
ried Miss Maria S. Piatt, a daughter of one of the pioneers of 
Onondaga county. Henry S. Piatt. He died there at the age of 
thirty-four years and his widow afterwards married Joseph Rhoads 
and came to Michigan in 1838 where she passed away at the age 
of sixty-two years. Dr. Combs lived with his mother until he was 
eighteen years of age and attended the district schools of his da}'. 
About 1840 he began the study of medicine and after his gradua- 
tion from the Ohio Medical College in Cleveland in 1845 ^^^ started 
his practice in Rome township. He was very popular and his 
success dated from the day when he first opened his ofifice. In 
1865 he retired from active practice and devoted liimself to public 
afifairs. taking a great interest in all that concerned the political, 
religious and educational development of the county. In his earlier 
life he was a AMiig, but after the birth of the Republican party he 
Avas allied with that organization. In 1857 he was chosen to repre- 
sent his district in the ^Michigan legislature, and in 1863 was again 
accorded the honor. He also served as school inspector and town- 
ship clerk for a number of terms and was county superintendent 
of the poor for thirteen years. In the fall of 1857 Dr. Combs was 
united in marriage to Miss Lucy A. Sharer, a native of Clyde, 
A\'ayne county. New York, where she was born on March 30, 1834. 
David Sharer, the father of Mrs. Combs, was born in Maryland 
in 1807 and brought his family to Michigan when Mrs. Combs 
was but three years old. He was the chief contractor and the 
builder of the old plank road from Adrian to Hillsdale. Dr. Combs 
died on Jan. i. 1895, ^^^^ l"!'* widow passed away on Dec. 2. i8q8, 
in the house wliich had been her home for fifty-seven years. They 
had two children, the subject of this sketch and a daughter, Alice 



BIOGRAPHICAL 89 

E., born in 1872, and who died in infancy. Hon. John H. Combs 
attended the. district schools of Rome township until he was seven- 
teen years of age. and then spent the years 1877 and 1878 at Adrian 
College. In 1881 he was graduated at Goldsmith's Business Col- 
lege of Detroit, and then returned to the farm. For five years he 
served as school inspector, township clerk five years, and as super- 
visor four years, his election each time being as the candidate of 
the Republican party. In the fall of 1900 he was the candidate 
of his party for member of the legislature and after the votes were 
coimted it was found that he had triumphed over his Democratic 
opponent, W. 11. llaydcn, of Tecumseh, Ijy 107 votes. The cam- 
])aign was hard fought throughout, and his election was a personal 
trium])h. In 1902 he was again elected to the same office, his 
majority o\er his chief opponent, Don li. C. Bowen, of Tecumseh, 
being 224. W'hile a member of the legislature he served as chair- 
man of the committee on education and was a member of the com- 
mittees on the college of mines and on apportionment. He is a 
convincing, earnest speaker and his talks have done much to bring 
about the success of the party at the polls. Mr. Combs is now the 
incumbent of the office of president of the village of Tecumseh, 
and in a business way is highly esteemed as sales manager and 
a director oi the .Anthon)- r*"ence Company. On June ii, 1884, Mr. 
Combs was united in marriage to Miss .\ellie E. Williams, a daugh- 
ter of John 1). and Mary J. (Downer) Williams, of Detroit, Mich. 
They ha\ e one daughter, Alice Elizabeth. 

Zacharias Cook, one of the oldest residents of Lenawee county, 
and a retired farmer of means, was born at N'erona, Oneida county, 
Xew York, March 26, 1824. He is a son of Benjamin Cook, born in 
the l^mpire state on March 3, 1789, wIkt served in the American 
army during the War of 181 2. and his grandfather, John Cook, was 
a soldier under \\'ashington in the Revolution. Zacharias Cook 
obtained the educational advantages afforded by the public schools 
of his boyhood days and while still a young man moved to Michi- 
gan, locating in Eenawee county. He has devoted himself exclu- 
sively all during his active career to agricultural pursuits, has man- 
aged by patience and industry to accumulate a considerable fortune, 
and owns a large farm in Raisin township upon which he now 
resides retired after a well spent and busy career. Some years 
ago. in company with his father-in-law, he made an extensive tour 
of the West, traveling most of the wav on foot to California and 
visiting all places of interest. Believing that the suppression of 
the liquor traffic is the dominant issue before the American people 
today, Mr. Cook has devoted his energies and influence to bringing 
about the success of the Prohibition party at the polls. Naturally 
of a deeply religious nature, he gives his best efforts to the material 
and s])iritual welfare of the Baptist church, of which he is a mem- 
ber. Mr. Cook has been twice married. On March 26, 1845. he was 
united in marriage to Miss Susan H. Knight, who died in 1850, 
leaving him one son. James, who served as captain's clerk in a 
Alichigan regiment during the Civil war and consequently saw no 
active fiirhtiiW. Bv his second wife he became the father of Kath- 



90 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

erine. ]^Ir. Cook is now the great-grandfather of six children. ' 
Although well advanced in years he has retained to a wonderful 
degree all his mental and physical faculties. His life throughout 
has been most exemplary and is well worthy the emulation of 
younger men. 

Edwin A. Coon, former proprietor of the Blissfield Hotel, one 
of the most modern hostelries in the state, was born at Butler, 
Branch county, ^Michigan, Aug. 5. i860, the son of James A. and 
Xancy A. (Waterman) Coon. Both parents were natives of 
Orleans county, Xew York, and located in Branch county in an 
early day, where the father purchased a farm of 280 acres, mostly 
unimproved land. He remained there until 1878, and in that year 
went to Litchfield, Hillsdale county, where he embarked in the 
mercantile business. For five years he continued his residence 
there, then, his health becoming impaired, he removed to Rock- 
wood. Tenn., in an efifort to benefit his condition, and there on 
Jan. II. 1885, passed away. His wife died in Litchfield in 1883. 
.Seven children were born to the parents, namely: Alar}- (Coon) 
Tulip, living in Jackson, JMich.; Myron, who died in Butler at the 
age of two years ; Charles, who died in Butler in his sixteenth year ; 
Churchill, who died in Butler at the age of fourteen; Cathburt B., 
now managing a ranch in Alontana ; and Lydia A. (Coon) Pinkley, 
wdiose husband is a ranch owner in Montana. Edwin A. Coon 
took advantage of the educational opportunities afiforded by the 
district schools of Butler, and when still a youth went to Nebraska. 
There for eight months he was employed in various lines and then 
purchased from one of the railroad companies, 160 acres of land, 
which he held for a year and then disposed of it at a large profit. 
Upon his return to Michigan he was engaged with his father in 
Litchfield for some time, after which he was for two years turnkey 
in the county jail by appointment of the sheriflf of Hillsdale county. 
It was about this time that the father's health became afifected and 
Mr. Coon traveled South wnth him. remaining as a faithful attend- 
ant until the parent's death in 1885. He then returned to Litchfield 
and was variously employed for about a year, and during the two 
years immediately following managed the homestead farm. Mr. 
Coon for five years thereafter was one of the trusted employes of 
the Kimbark Buggy Company of Ouincy. Branch county, and sev- 
ered that connection to accept a position in the lumber mill of 
King & Chase. In 1896 he came to Blissfield and engaged in the 
hotel business, which he successfully followed until February, 
1909, when he sold out and took a lease on the North Shore Hotel 
at Sand Lake, Mich. Fraternally Mr. Coon is identified with the 
Adrian lodges of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and 
the Fraternal Order of Eagles. In his political views he is a staunch 
Democrat, but has never sought public preferment for himself. On 
Jan. 31, 1885, at Ouincy, Mich., was celebrated Mr. Coon's marriage 
to Miss Ada Standish, born in Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, Nov. 
14, 1867, the daughter of Alfred and Millie (Hedge) Standish. 
natives of New York. Mrs. Standish, who was born in 1834. is 
still living, but her husband died in Quincy on Aug. 7, 1878. For 



IJIOGKAPHICAL 9I 



two years before her marriage, Mrs. Coon was engaged in peda- 
gogic work in the district schools. To Mr. and Mrs. Coon was born 
on April 30, 1890, a daughter, Mildred A. by name, who completed 
her high school course in June, 1909. 

Clark W. Corbett, one of the prosperous and progressive 
farmers of Palmyra township, was born in that township on Sept. 
8, 1873. Pie is the son of Chester J. and Almena (Bird) Corbett, 
the former born in Illinois, Jan. 16, 1833, and the latter a native of 
Palmyra township. They were married on April 16, 1861. The 
paternal grandfather, Clark E. Corbett, was one of the early pio- 
neers of Lenawee county and Palmyra township, where he entered 
government land and continued to reside on the farm he made 
until his death. The father worked two different farms early in 
his career and in 1848 removed to the farm where the subject of 
this review now makes his home. In 1862 he enlisted as a private 
in Company C. lughteenth Michigan infantry, and served through- 
out the Civil war. His death occurred on May 9. 1883, and his 
widow, who continued to reside on the farm until 1903, now^ makes 
her home in Palmyra village with a sister. Clark \V. Corbett is 
the only child of liis parents. His educational advantages were 
limited to the district schools of Palmyra township, and when he 
had finished his studies he began his career as a farmer in the 
emplov of his father. He remained on the home farm after the 
lattcr's death, working for the lessee until he was twenty-five years 
of age. Then he assumed the entire management and conduct of 
the property, which comi)rises fifty-six acres of fine arable land, 
and has since devoted his entire attention to bringing it to the 
highest point of efficiency. He has made many valuable improve- 
ments and additions to the farm, and by the application of scien- 
tific and modern methods of agriculture has brought the land to 
the best state of cultivation. In the matter of politics Mr'. Corbett 
is aligned with the Republican party, but has never sought public 
preferment for himself. His religious belief finds expression in 
attendance upon the services of the Methodist Episcopal church, to 
the material advancement of which he contributes liberally. On 
Sept. 19, 1900, Mr. Corbett married Miss Elva White, born in 
Ogden township, Aug. 20, 1877, the daughter of Francis M. and 
Philenda A. (Conklin) White. Her father was the' scion of a 
familv descended from Mayflower immigrants, and was born in 
.\ew York. June 21, 1843. During the Civil war he served as a 
private in Company F, Sixty-seventh Ohio infantry, and his father- 
in-law, Martin Conklin. was also a soldier in that struggle in the 
100 davs' service. His death occurred June 30, 1906, and his widow, 
who is a native of Ohio, still makes her home on the old farm in 
Ogden township. Mr. and Mrs. White had six children : Orville 
M., born May 21, 1869. died March 6, 1896; Clayton, born Aug. 14, 
1872, is a bookkeeper for the National Supply Company in Toledo, 
Ohio; Edith, born Oct. 11, 1874, is the wife of Frank Morey, a 
resident of Adrian and a fireman on the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern railway; Elva is the wiie of Mr. Corbett; Ivon. born 
Jan. 25, 1880, is a farmer residing in Ogden township; and Ella, 



92 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

born Sept. 29, 1885, lives with her mother. The issue of the mar- 
riage of ]\Ir. and Mrs. Corbett has been two children, namely : 
Leland F., born March 16, 1902, and Chester L., born May 10, 1905. 
William F. Cowan, one of the substantial citizens of Blissfield, 
was born in the state of New York on Feb. 2^^, 1852, the son of 
John and Mary (Strong) Cowan. The father was born in Ireland 
in 1818 and died in November, 1893, and the mother was born in 
New York state in 1822 and died in December, 1907. The father 
was a tanner and leather finisher by vocation and came to this 
country with his mother in 1828, locating- in New York. There he 
remained until 1859, and then purchased a farm in Pennsylvania 
which he conducted for two years. From 1861 to 1865 '^^ was 
engaged in his vocation in the Empire state, leaving there to come 
to Washtenaw county, Michigan, where he owned and managed a 
farm for three years. In the fall of 1868 he again returned to New 
York and worked at his trade until 1872, going then to Maryland 
to engage in agricultural pursuits. In 1878 he disposed of his 
interests there and went to live with a son in Pennsylvania, where 
his death occurred. Nine children were born to the parents : 
George lives in Buffalo, N. Y. ; Louise (Cowan) Frain is a teacher 
in the schools of Honolulu; Sophia (Cowan) Lamb, now Mrs. 
Saddlemeyer. lives in Oakland, Cal. ; John F. Cowan is a minister 
of the Methodist Protestant church in Honolulu, and his family 
lives in Boston, Mass. ; Charles Cowan was a resident of Galveston, 
Tex., at the time of the flood and has not been heard of since ; 
Horace Cowan is a minister in the Methodist Protestant church in 
Montana; Carrie (Cowan) Knight lives in South Dakota; and 
Harry Cowan is superintendent of the Heinz Pickle Company's 
Michigan branch. William F. Cowan received his preliminary 
educational advantages in the schools of the Empire state and grad- 
uated at the high school in Cuba, Allegany county, in the class of 
1870. The first three years after his graduation he was employed 
in a cheese factory in his native state and then came to Michigan, 
securing emplojanent in the hotel at Deerfield in which he remained 
for seven years. He leased the hostelry at the end of that period 
and for seven years conducted a modern, well equipped hotel. Dur- 
ing the four years immediately following he was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits on a farm which he had purchased in Deerfield 
township, removing thence to Blissfield to operate on a lease the 
hotel known as the Pennsylvania House. Three years later he 
returned to his farm in Deerfield township, but two years afterward 
returned to Blissfield and purchased the Pennsylvania House, 
which he successfully conducted for eight years. At the end of that 
time he sold it to E. A. Coon and purchased a farm in Deerfield 
township and a home in the village, where he now resides, the 
income from the farms in Deerfield township bringing him a lucra- 
tive income on which he lives. Politically Mr. Cowan is aligned 
with the Democratic party, and fraternally is prominently con- 
nected with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On May 10, 
1876, Mr. Cowan was united in marriage to Miss Maggie Doyle, 
born in Liverpool, England, Jan. 27, 1850, a daughter of David and 



BIOGRAPHICAL 93 

Jane (Talbott) Doyle. Mrs. Doyle was born in the County Tip- 
perary, Ireland, April 22, 1814, and died in Blissfield in 1896. After 
the death of Mr. Doyle she was married to Thomas Blacker, who 
died in Deerfield in 1885, and who for forty years prior to his death 
was a prominent a,^riculturist of Ridgeway township. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Cowan was born in January, 1881, a daughter, Loana, now a 
teacher in the Tecumseh schools. 

William B. Cox, a native pioneer of Lenawee county, is now 
living a retired life after a busy and useful career as an agricul- 
turist. He was born in Ridgeway township on July 20, 1844, and 
is the son of John and Jane (Thompson) Cox, both of whom were 
natives of Bucks county, Pennsylvania. The former Avas reared in 
Pennsylvania and resided there until he was thirty-two years of 
age, when he decided to remove to Lenawee county, Michigan, 
where he purchased a tract of government land, in section 24, 
Ridgeway township, on which he erected a log cabin and began 
developing a home. His trip from Pennsylvania to this count}^ 
required several weeks, as he came overland with teams, and in that 
day they traveled many miles on a trail through the forests with 
scarcely anything to guide them except blazed trees. They con- 
tinued to reside on the original homestead, developing it into a 
fine farm, and were in the midst of prosperity when his wife was 
called to her reward, her death occurring on Nov. 29, 1844, when 
William, the subject of this sketch, was about four months old. 
The father survived her until in September, 1871, when he passed 
away. Some years after his arrival he sold the original tract of 
land at a goodh^ advance, then purchased sixty acres of wild govern- 
ment land and resided on this, and it was on this last named tract 
that he was living at the time of his death. He was a soldier in the 
army formed to put down the Indian uprising in Illinois and Wis- 
consin which was known as the "Black Hawk" war. He was the 
father of nine children, viz : John, deceased ; Eliza, deceased ; 
Lewis, deceased ; Sarah, who is now living in Tecumseh ; Mary, 
deceased ; Charles, residing in Ridgeway township ; Theodore H., 
residing in Clinton county, Michigan ; Thomas J., deceased, who 
was a veteran of the Civil war; and AVilliam B., the subject of this 
sketch. AVilliam B. Cox received his educational training in the 
district schools of Ridgeway and Raisin townships. After com- 
pleting his education, the best that the schools of that early day 
could give, he engaged in agricultural pursuits and continued farm- 
ing until about ten years ago, when he disposed of his lOO-acre 
farm, which he had so successfully managed, and retired from 
active work. Since that time he has traveled extensively, visiting 
practically all of the interesting points in the country, and when at 
home he resides in a fine residence in the village of Holloway. 
On March 20, 1865, he enlisted as a private in Company F, Twenty- 
fourth Michigan infantry, but the cessation of hostilities soon after 
his enlistment prevented him from seeing much active service. 
Fraternally Mr. Cox is allied with the Tecumseh Lodge of the 
Masonic order, and politically he is prominently identified with the 
Republican party, but has never aspired to ofhce. He has been 



94 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

twice married. The first marriage was in 1870 to Miss Frances 
Kelly, who died in 1895, and in May, 1896, occurred Mr. Cox's 
marriage to Miss Laura E. Braman, the daughter of Samuel S. and 
Polly ^Raymond) Braman, both of whom were natives of New 
York, and who came to Michigan in an early day, locating in Raisin . 
township, where they were married in 1840. Soon after their 
marriage they removed to Ionia county, Michigan, and there on 
Aug. 2, 1858, their daughter, Laura E.. was born. When she was 
about nine years of age she accompanied her parents to Iowa, where 
her mother died and is buried in Black Hawk county of that state. 
Samuel S. Braman died on Jan. 4, 1896, at Mancelona, Mich., and 
was buried there. He and his wife had six children, viz : Ransom, 
who served in the Civil war; Elizabeth; Mary A.; Charles F., 
deceased; Charles H., and Laura E. Neither of Mr. Cox's marriages 
were blessed with children. As stated, he and his wife reside in 
their beautiful home in the village of Holloway, surrounded by 
all modern comforts, and as he secured a competency during the 
active years of his life they now take advantage of every oppor- 
tunity to travel and enjoy the pleasures incident thereto in various 
parts of the United States, but wdien they grow weary of sight- 
seeing their minds turn back to the scenes of their childhood, for it 
matters not where they go or how grand the scenery may be, there 
is no place so dear to them as their Michigan home. 

Henry E. Crane, a prominent farmer of Madison township, 
was born in the state of New York, Sept. 24, 1836, the son of Alfred 
and Catherine (Leonard) Crane. He is descended from a long line 
of sturdy patriots and pioneers, who in turn were descendants of 
an old English family. The text of "A Corner in Ancestors," writ- 
ten by Eleanor Lexington, given below, best shows the family lin- 
eage: "No family in history has a more honorable record than 
the Cranes. The earliest mention of the family appears in the 
year 1637, ^^^^ name being variously spelled Crane, Cran, Cranne, 
Crain, Craine and Crayne. Jasper Crane, who came from England 
in 1637, with Alice, his wife, was the immigrant ancestor. All 
efforts to discover Alice's family name have been unsuccessful, 
although much time and money have been spent in the search. 
Their son, Jasper Crane (second), who was born in 1651, was one 
of the prominent men of the New Haven colony, and one of the 
original settlers of Newark, N. J. His numerous descendants are 
scattered throughout the middle, western and southern states. He 
was one of the committee of safety to protect the New Haven 
colony against De Ruyter, the Dutch admiral, who cruised in the 
Long Island Sound and threatened the settlements. During the 
Revolutionary war the Connecticut colony, to increase facilities 
for coast defense, put into service three boats or galleys. One, 
called the 'Crane,' was named in honor of the family, who stood so 
loyally by the colony. It was sent to New York to assist in its 
defense under General Washington. Even the exact cost of the 
'Crane' has been recorded, £1,013, ^s, lod. Of other Cranes who 
gave their services to the country, there was Ebenezer Crane, a 
private of the militia designated as the 'Lexington Alarm.' Mem- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 95 

1)ers of the family served as privates, corporals and captains, not 
only in the Revolution and Colonial wars, but that in 1812 and the 
Mexican war. Any one who can claim a Crane as an ancestor has 
no trouble in proving eligibility to the various patriotic societies. 
Colonial Dames, or Revolutionary Daughters and Sons. Love of 
country has ever been a distinguishing trait of the family, as well 
as upright business principles. No descendant, as far as known, 
has ever been a criminal, a pauper or a suicide. When Edmund 
Andros demanded the surrender of the charter of Connecticut, 
IJenjamin Crane was one who opposed him. According to the 
records, Hcnjamin was a person of independence, or was so con- 
sidered, because he deferred his marriage until he had reached the 
ripe age of one score years and ten. Early marriages were then 
the rule, and to defer such an important event until thirty years 
of age must have required no small degree of independence. The 
general court of the Connecticut colony ordered that no young 
unmarried man, unless he was a public officer, or a servant, could 
keej) house alone except by license of the town, under a penalty of 
twenty shillings per week, and no head of a family should enter- 
tain such young men under a like penalt}-, without liberty from the 
town. The Cranes are descendants from Lord Arundel's family, 
and inherit the blood of Charlemagne and Hugh Capet, both of 
whom claimed to spring frr)ni Pharamond, and through him from 
Antenor, king of the Cimmerians, B. C. 443. Of Dame Anne Arun- 
del it is recorded that she left by will, which was proved in 1521, 
money for wax tapers for the day of her burying, and afterwards 
for use at mass; also for bells to ring dirges at her obsequies. She 
^\illed her best blue velvet gown to Clinton church, to make a vest- 
ment for a deacon. Her best black gown, furred with marten and 
lined with velvet, fell to the lot of relatives. Chilton, near Sud- 
bur}', in Suffolk, is the home of the Cranes. They lived at Chilton 
liall, a moated manor of some distinction, and were lords of the 
manor. In Chilton church is an elaborate marble monument to 
the memory of Sir Robert Crane, who was knighted by James L 
He is in armor and kneeling with clasped hands. His two wives 
are represented beside him. They, too, are kneeling in devotional 
attitude, with clasped hands. Dorothy, the first wife, lived with 
her husband in great love and amity seventeen years and will- 
ingl}- yielded up this life in expectation of a better, April 11, 1624. 
The epitaph concludes with the lines : 'If thee readest with eies 
(eyes) dry, Thou a marble art, not L' Susan, the second wife, has 
no poetry devoted to her epitaph. A John Crane was clerk of the 
kitchen to James L a position of much honor. A Robert Crane, of 
Suffolk, was one of the gentlemen chosen by King Charles H in 
1666 to be made Knights of the Royal Oak. He had an estate of 
$75,000 a year. The Cranes in England have borne five coats of 
arms, whether all of one family is not certain, although there is 
reason for believing that they were special grants made for special 
services. The several armorials are lacking in mottoes, with one 
exception. A member of the Crane family of Cheshire county, 
England, on noticing his neighbor Corbett's motto. 'Deus pascil 



96 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

corvos' (God feeds the crows), wrote for his motto, 'Qui pascet 
carvos non obliviscitur grus' (He who feeds the crows will not 
forget the Cranes). The arms are described in heraldry as argent; 
a fesse, or bar between three crosses crosslet, gules, crest, a crane." 
Alfred and Catherine (Leonard) Crane, parents of the subject of 
this review, came to Lenawee county in 1836. The father was a 
farmer and lived to see the country about him grow into one of 
the most luxuriant farming regions in the state. The mother died 
on Feb. 26, 1884, and the father's demise occurred shortly after- 
ward, on March 6 of the same year. They had a family of foin^ 
sons and two daughters. Henr}'- E. Crane received the limited 
scholastic training afforded by the district schools of Madison 
township, and when he had completed his course he turned his 
attention to agricultural pursuits. He first located on what was 
known as the Brown farm. AVhen he left the parental home he 
went to Hillsdale county and lived there four and one-half years, 
then moved to and bought a farm in Jefferson township, where he 
lived until 1867. In that year he returned to Lenawee county and 
purchased 80 acres of land in Madison township, upon which 
he still resides. He has devoted his time to general farming, and 
has made an eminent success. On Oct. 4, 1857, was celebrated 
Mr. Crane's marriage to Miss Sally Jane Bailey, born in Dover 
township, on March 9, 1840, the daughter of Samuel and Betsey Ann 
Meach Bailey. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey came to Lenawee county in 
an early day ; the latter died Feb. 23, 1895, and the former on May 
2, 1902. Three sons were the issue of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Crane. The eldest, named Elmer Dorr, died at the age of eight 
years ; Charles A., born Nov. 10, 1869. lives in Adrian ; and Frank 
B., born May 10, 1874, now manages his father's farm. 

Rosingrave M. Eccles, M. D., is one of the foremost practi- 
tioners of medicine in Lenawee county, and a resident of Blissfield. 
He was born in lona, Elgin county, Province of Ontario, Canada, 
on March 3, 1858. His paternal grandfather, Daniel Eccles, was 
a manufacturer of linen in County Tyrone, Ireland, and was en- 
gaged in that work all his life. The father, also named Daniel, was 
born in the north of Ireland, and educated at Dublin, and when 
but twenty-five years of age came to this country with his brother, 
John D. Eccles. Although he had been educated in the law, he 
did not engage in practice, but started in mercantile pursuits in 
lona Village, Elgin, Ontario. Subsequently he received an appoint- 
ment as clerk of the court, a position he retained until his death, on 
March i, 1866. The mother, Susan (Luckham) Eccles, was a daugh- 
ter of a British officer stationed at Kingston, Ontario. Three daugh- 
ters and two sons were born to the parents, and all but one son, who 
died at the age of two years, grew to maturity. Two of the daugh- 
ters are now living in Canada, and one in Pennsylvania. Dr. Ec- 
cles was the third in order of birth of the children born to his par- 
ents. He spent the early years of his life in his native town, and 
when fourteen years old he entered the high school at Park Hill, 
after w^hich he attended school at Strathroy for two years, and 
at the same time started the study of medicine. When he had fin- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 97 

ished his academic course he matriculated in the medical depart- 
ment of Trinity University at Toronto, and was graduated in the 
spring of 1879, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. In the fol- 
lowing August he located in Blissfield and began his professional 
career, and Lenawee county has ever since been the scene of his 
labors. Politically he is identified with the Democratic party, but 
has never sought public i)referment for himself. Fraternally the 
Doctor stands high in the Masonic order, being a member of the 
Adrian commandery, Knights Templar, and is also a member of 
the Blissfield Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Although not a communicant he contributes lil)erally to and at- 
tends regularly the Presbyterian church. Dr. Eccles' other busi- 
ness interests include the presidency of the Blissfield Telephone 
([Company and a directorship in the Jipson-Carter State Bank. Pro- 
fessiunall\- he is allied with the American, the Michigan State, the 
Tri-State, the Northern and the Lenawee County Medical societies, 
and served the latter as president for a period. Dr. Eccles has 
been twice married. The year following his settlement in Bliss- 
field he was united in St. Thomas, Canada, to Miss Carrie Helen 
Pritchard, born in London, Ontario, who died on Jan. 6, 1884, leav- 
ing a daughter, Mabel, who became the wife of Dr. Winn, of Al- 
vinston. Ontario. On Dec. 23, 1899, Dr. Eccles married Miss 
Clara Carpenter, a daughter of George Carpenter, of Toledo, Ohio. 
Mr. Carpenter was a prominent commission merchant during the 
early days of Toledo and was the owner of the docks at the foot 
of Jefiferson street in that city. Both he and his wife have taken 
the long journey from which there is no return. Mrs. Eccles was 
born in Toledo and received her education in that city and in Bal- 
timore, Md. She is a direct descendant of the Giles and Carpenters 
who were early ])i(ineers of Lenawee county. 

George H. Curtis is living retired in Adrian enjoying the fruits 
of a well spent and useful life. He is the son of Elijah, Jr., and his 
grandfather, IClijah, Sr., was a prominent figure in the Revolution- 
ary war. The grandfather was a native of Connecticut, born near 
P)ridgeport, Conn., in 1760. and when but fifteen years of age he 
enlisted as a soldier in the troops, being raised by Benedict Arnold 
for the Continental army. He participated in the sige of Boston 
following the battle of lUmker Hill and u])on the re-organization 
of the army was assigned to Col. John Morgan's Riflemen, and 
with them was in the series of battles which resulted in the cap- 
ture of Purgoyne's army. Later in the struggle he was in the 
South, where he fought in the battle of Cowpens. At the close 
of the war the government granted every soldier a section of land, 
and Mr. Curtis selected his in the town of Galway, Saratoga 
county. Xew York, and spent his last years at Saratoga Springs, 
where he died at the age of seventy-five years. During his later 
life he followed agricultural pursuits and acquired a comfortable 
comj^etence. Our subject's maternal grandfather, Capt. Ichabod 
Chamberlain, also won renown in the struggle for independence. 
Elijah A\'. Curtis, the father, migrated to Michigan with his family 
in 1 85 1, and located in Adrian, where both he and his wife suc- 

7-2V 



98 ME-MUIKS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Climbed to an epidemic of typhoid fever a few months later. Five 
sons were born to the parents, of whom but two are now hving, 
George H.'of this sketch, and J. E. Curtis, for some years a superin- 
tendent of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railwa}^ now 
living retired in Toledo, Ohio. George H. Curtis was born March 
26, 1836. in Saratoga county, Xew York. From the time he was 
sixteen years of age until the outbreak of the Civil war he was 
engaged in railroading. Upon the call for troops in 1861 he en- 
listed in the quartermaster's department, with which he served for 
a period of three years. He then became a member of Company 
B, Second Xew Jersey infantry, and was made first lieutenant. 
With his company he went to Richmond, Va., and at the cessation 
of hostilities, eight months afterward, was honorably discharged 
from the service. On his return he was, for six years, in the em- 
ploy of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railroad, and then 
returned to Lenawee county and was continuously and success- 
fully engaged in agricultural pursuits in Adrian and Rome town- 
ships. In 1904 he retired from active participation in the afifairs of 
daily life and has since been living quietly in his handsome home 
on Broad street, devoting himself to the management of the prop- 
erty which he has accumulated. On Feb. 13, 1866, was celebrated 
Mr. Curtis' marriage to Miss Harriet Dutton, who was born in 
Adrian on June 15, 1843, ^^^^ daughter of William and Harriet 
(Thomas) Dutton. Mr. Dutton was born in the tOAvnship of 
Lyndeborough, Hillsborough county, N. H., March 8, 1813, the 
eldest son of William and Sarah Dutton. His father died when he 
was fifteen years of age and he left home to learn the shoemaker's 
trade. At the age of seventeen he had begun working by the piece 
and by the time he had attained his majority he had accumulated 
S500. He continued to work by the piece until 1837, ^^^ then em- 
barked in the manufacture of shoes, disposing of his output 
throughout the state of Michigan. In 1841 he purchased a farm 
near AA^arsaw, in Adrian township, and there resided until the 
spring of 1865. Before the city was set off from the township Mr. 
Dutton was for five successive years assessor of the west half of 
the township and for six years was justice of the peace. Between 
the years 1854 and 1865 he represented the township on the county 
board and was also supervisor of Adrian towmship in the early 
history of the county. In the last named year he sold his farm 
and moved to the city of Adrian. When the Lenawee County 
Savings Bank was founded, in i860, he was elected one of the di- 
rectors and in 1874 was made president, a position which he held 
until ill health compelled his resignation on May i, 1882. His 
wife died on Jan. 2, 1879, and his demise occurred Oct. 30, 1884. 
Four daughters were born to Mr. and Mrs. Dutton, two of whom 
died of diphtheria in December, 1862, and the survivors are Mrs. 
Curtis and Sarah A., now Mrs. Robert C. Stewart, who lives at 
Denver, Col. To Mr. and !Mrs. Curtis were born seven children: 
Fanny L., the eldest, is at home ; AA\ AA^. is a traveling salesman 
for Bartlett & Company, wholesale grocers of Toledo. Ohio, and 
makes his headquarters in Coldwater, Mich. ; Mary was born in 



BIOGRAPHICAI- 



99 



Toledo, and is now at home; J. E. completed a course in the Pough- 
keepsie Business College of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and is now super- 
intendent of the lola Cement Company, of Tola, Kas. ; G. O. is 
purchasing agent for the Tola Cement Company and makes his 
home in lola; Evelyn was a teacher in the Adrian schools at the 
time of her death in 1894: and Ethel is at home. 

George Washington Davenport, one of the substantial citizens 
of Blissheld, was born in tliat township on Dec. 31, 1845, the son of 
Pardon T. and Erances (^^'arren) Davenport. The father was 
born in Rhode Island on March 10, 1815, and the mother in Earm- 
ington, X. Y., Eeb. 20, 181 8. The former was a stone-mason by 
vocation and worked at that trade for a time after coming to 
Lenawee county in 1835. Subsequently he purchased 120 acres of 
land in rUissfield township and by hard labor in clearing it made 
the property one of the most productive farms in the "township. 
The mother died on Dec. 5, 1899, and the father's death occurred on 
Ai)ril 17, 1901. George \V. Davenport is the only child of his 
parents and after completing the scholastic advantages afiforded 
by the common schools in the vicinity of his home he assisted his 
father in clearing and improving the farm. Eor forty-five' years 
father and son were associated together in the conduct of the 
proi)erty, and after the death of the former the son took upon him- 
self the active management of the interests bequeathed him. 
Through all these years the farm has afiforded him a lucrative in- 
come, and by industry and frugality he has accumulated a com- 
petency. Eor some years now he has been one of the directors 
and an influential figure in the Blissfield State Bank. Although he 

11 • • 

has been unswerving m his allegiance to the principles of the Re- 
publican party, he has never sought public preferment for himself. 
On Nov. II, 1869, Mr. Davenport was united in marriage to Miss 
Emeline A. Back, born in Bridgewater, \Villiams county, Ohio, 
March 29, 1846, the daughter of George H. and Almira "(Davis) 
Back. Mr. Back was born at Chaplin, Windham county, Connecti- 
cut. Nov. 2, 1820, and died in Blissfield on July 13, 1907. His wife 
died in Blissfield on March 12, 1898. Mrs. Davenport attended 
the Blissfield schools. To Mr. and Airs.- Davenport have been born 
tAvo children, namely: Xellie (Davenport) Doan, a resident of 
Blissfield ; and Harry C, who conducts a machine shop and garage 
in Blissfield. Mrs. Davenport is an earnest member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. 

Peter C. De Grafif, deceased, for many years prominent as 
postmaster and general merchant at Palmyra, was born in E'lster 
county. New York. Dec. 12, 1841, the son of Cornelius and Cathe- 
rine (Van Wey) De Grafif. Both parents were natives of Ulster 
county. New York, the father having been born there in 1812 and 
the mother in 181 1. They came to Palmyra in 1844, where the 
father first plied his trade of wagon-maker, but subsequently be- 
came a merchant and for a number of years acted as postmaster 
of the village. His death occurred in 1872 and his widow continued 
to reside on the old homestead until her death in 1900. Peter C. 
De Graft', the subject of this review, lived w^th his parents until 



100 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

1862, at which time he eiiHsted as a private in Company F, Seventh 
Michigan cavahy. He was later promoted to postmaster of the 
company, and when he was mustered out at Fort Leavenworth, 
Kan., late in 1865, he was acting brigade postmaster. When hos- 
tilities had ceased the regiment was sent west to help suppress the 
Indian outbreaks, and made its way over the plains to Denver, Col. 
He reached home on Christmas day, 1865, and immediately after 
assumed charge of the general store which his father had man- 
aged during his absence. He continued in the active management 
of this establishment until his death, which occurred on April 26, 
1904, due to heart failure. For many years he also acted as the 
postmaster of the village, and he and his father had the unique 
record of having held that office between them for thirty-five years. 
In politics he espoused the cause of the Republican party, but 
never sought to become that organization's candidate for any pub- 
lic office. He w'as a devout and zealous member of the Presby- 
terian church and contributed liberally to its welfare. Beside his 
good wife and his children he left a wide circle of friends to mourn 
his passing. On Nov. 17, 1861, was celebrated Mr. De Graff's 
marriage to Miss Melissa F. Hill, who w^as born in Chautauqua 
county, N. Y., March 18, 1842, the daughter of Ebbin S. and Caro- 
line (Edson) Hill. Mr. Hill was born in Vermont in 1803 and his 
wife in Connecticut in 1802, and her father served in the Conti- 
nental army during the Revolutionary war. Mr. and Mrs. Hill 
came to Palmyra township in 1844 and located on a farm half a 
mile east of the village of Palmyra, and there the former died in 
February, 1873, and the latter in 1881. To Mr. and Mrs. De Graff 
were born two children : Carrie Belle, who now resides wath her 
widowed mother, married Albert Mitchell and has one child, Vic- 
tor. Dean C. is now employed in the auditor's department of the 
Southern Pacific railway at San Francisco, Cal. He married Miss 
Ella IVIitchell, of Palmyra, and has a daughter, Dorothy. 

William Demlow, one of the progressive agriculturists of Pal- 
myra township, is a striking example of a self-made man. He was 
born in Prussia, Germany, Sept. 22, 1863, the son of Henry and 
Maria (Fahlhaver) Demlow. In 1883 the father came direct to 
Adrian from the Fatherland, where he was born on May 8, 1837, 
and in the spring of 1884 came to make his home with his son. The 
mother, who was some years younger than her husband, died Nov. 
14, 1896. ^^^illiam Demlow's educational training w^as all received 
in the excellent public schools of his native land. Before he was 
twenty years of age he came to the United States, and for two 
years had employment in a brickyard while acquiring a knowledge 
of American business methods and customs. For some years fol- 
lowing he made his living by working rented land, and by 1892 had 
saved sufficient of his earnings to purchase the farm of 100 acres 
w^here he now resides. By the practice of economy and industry 
he has gradually added to this until today he has 272 acres, a large 
part of which is capable of cultivation. He does not specialize in 
any one branch of agriculture, but devotes himself to general 
farming, in which he has made an eminent success. In the matter 



BIOGRAPHICAL lOI 

of politics Mr. Demlow is allied with the Democratic party, but 
has never sought public office of any nature. In religious matters 
he is identified with the Lutheran church, of North Blissfield. On 
Tan. 8, 1884, Mr. Demlow was united in marriage to Miss Adol- 
phena Bloom, born in Prussia, Sept. 18, i860. Mrs. Demlow came 
to the United States with her husband's parents and was marrie^d 
soon after her arrival. Four children have been the issue of the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Demlow. Herman, the eldest, born 
May 25, 1884, married Miss Bertha Holtz, and makes his home on 
the farm with his father; Charles is deceased; Emma, born Jan. 
20, 1899, lives with her parents; Henry, the youngest child, died 
in infancy. 

Eugene Dersham, one of the intelligent and capable agricul- 
turists of Palmyra township, was born at Williamsport, Pa., July 
2}^, i860, the son of Abraham V. and Susan (Stabler) Dersham. 
The parents were of German extraction, and were born respectively 
in Pennsylvania, in 1830, and New York, in 1835. The father, in 
his early life, was engaged as a school teacher and a clerk. In 1867 
he removed with his family to Michigan and located at Petersburg, 
later removing to Palmyra township, where he followed agricul- 
tural pursuits until his retirement some years ago, since which 
time he has resided on his farm in Palmyra township. The mother 
died on Aug. 15, 1905. Eugene Dersham, to whom this review is 
dedicated, took advantage of the educational opportunities afforded 
by the district schools, and lived with his parents until he had at- 
tained his majority. For two years thereafter he worked as an 
employee on his father's farm, and then, having accumulated a suf- 
ficient sum from his earnings, purchased forty acres in Palmyra 
township and engaged in general farming pursuits. He was thus 
successfully occupied for two years, when, having sold his prop- 
erty to his father, he moved to Seneca county, Ohio, where he op- 
erated a rented farm for another period of two years. Returning to 
Palmyra township, he purchased from his father the original farm, 
and for sixteen continuous years devoted his time and labor to its 
successful conduct. When he sold the place at the expiration of 
that time for a good profit, he rented property again. Four years 
later he purchased his present farm of seventy-two acres, and is 
now successfully engaged in a general stock raising and agricul- 
tural business. His success can in large measure be attributed to 
his habits of thrift and industry, and is the direct result of his own 
efiforts, the only assistance he has received being the help and in- 
spiration of his good wife. Although Mr. Dersham gives unbiased 
support to the men and measures of the Republican party, he has 
never been an aspirant for official honors. On Dec. 14, 1881, he 
was happily married to Miss Susan Waire, born in Seneca county, 
Ohio, May 26. 1862, the daughter of Nathan and Barbara (Brong) 
Waire. Her father was born in Pennsylvania, April i, 1826, and in 
his early life followed the vocation of a carpenter. Subsequently 
he removed to Seneca county, Ohio, where he followed the occupa- 
tion of farmer until about 1892, though he continued to reside on 
his farm there until his death in 1907, in his eighty-first year. Mrs. 



I02 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Dersham's mother died in 1902, aged seventy years. Mrs. Der- 
sham is one of a family of five children, of vv^hom three are living. 
William F. resides in Scipio, Seneca county, Ohio, and Daniel J. 
lives at Omar, Seneca county, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Dersham be- 
came the parents of six children, of whom the following brief rec- 
ord is given : Blanche E., the eldest, born Aug. 25, 1885, is the wife 
o'f Harley Klink, a finisher in a handle factory at Attica, Ohio; 
Fern E., born Oct. 25, 1890, resides at home; Daniel F. G., born 
March 17, 1896, died Sept. 9, 1897; Harold E., born Nov. 5, 1899, 
died on Jan. 8, 1900; Arthur C, born June 11, 1900, and Laverne 
E., born July 11, 1902, are at home with the parents. 

Lorenzo D. Dewey. — It is signally fitting that in every histor- 
ical compilation touching the annals of the state of Michigan 
there be entered at least brief record concerning the lives and deeds 
of those worthy pioneers who aided in laying broad and deep the 
foundations upon which have been reared the magnificent super- 
structure of opulent prosperity and progress. The subject of this 
brief review stands as a scion of a family founded in Michigan in 
the territorial epoch of the state's history, and the name has been 
one significant of honor and usefulness in all the relations of life. 
Mr. Dewey stands today as one of the oldest residents born in 
Lenawee county, and the roster of the pioneers of this favored sec- 
tion of the Wolverine commonwealth bears no more honored name 
than that of his father, who may w'ell be designated as having 
been one of the founders and builders of the county. Lorenzo D. 
Dewey, who now maintains his residence in the attractive village 
of Tecumseh, was born in Tecumseh township, this count}^ March 
6, 1838, a son of Lorenzo D. and Miranda (Olmsted) Dewey, the 
former born in Hanover, N. H., April 29, 1808, and the latter in De- 
troit, Mich., May 16, 181 5. Lorenzo D. Dewey, Sr., was reared to 
maturity in his native state, where he received superior educational 
advantages, having been graduated in Hanover College, after which 
he studied medicine, though he never engaged in the practice of 
the healing art. The Dewey family was founded in New England 
in the early colonial era and is of stanch English lineage. Repre- 
sentatives of the name were found enrolled as valiant soldiers in 
the Continental line during the war of the Revolution, and in the 
A'arious generations have been found men of prominence and in- 
fluence in the various walks of life and in widely separated sections 
of the Union. As a young man, Lorenzo D. Dewey, Sr., decided 
to cast in his lot with Michigan, which was then a territory, and con- 
sidered virtually on the border of civilization. He came to Detroit 
in the early '30s, and operated one of the early stage lines between 
that city and Chicago, while he was otherwise prominent and in- 
fluential in connection with the afl^airs of the budding common- 
wealth. Prior to the admission of the state, he purchased a tract 
of wild land one and one-fourth miles west of the present village of 
Tecumseh, in the township of the same name, and here he erected 
his primitive log cabin and set to himself the task of reclaiming a 
farm from the primeval forest. He was a man of unflagging 
energy, strong mentality and mature judgment, so that he became 



BIOGRAPHICAL IO3 

a power in the pioneer commnnity, while he so directed his efforts 
as to become one of the most successful of the early farmers in this 
section of the state. He contributed materially to the civic and 
material development of Lenawee county, and to him was ever ac- 
corded the unequivocal confidence and esteem of the community 
in which he lived so many years, and in which he labored and 
wrought to goodly ends. He wielded much influence in local af- 
fairs of a public nature and was called upon to serve in various 
offices of trust. He continued to reside on his farm for many years 
and made the same one of the best in the county. For eleven years 
he was engaged in the drug business in Tecumseh, under the firm 
name of L. D. Dewey & Co.. and his place of business was located 
on the site of the present W'hitenact store. He was a Democrat 
in his political convictions and was well fortified in his opinions 
as to matters of public policy, having been an avid reader and a 
man of broad and comprehensive knowledge. Both he and his 
wife were zealous and consistent members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He passed to the life eternal on March i, 1885, and 
her death occurred on Feb. 20, 1887. Of their six children, four 
are living. Lorenzo D. Dewey, Jr., to whom this article is ded- 
icated, passed his boyhood and youth on the old homestead farm 
in Tecumseh township, and in the common schools of the locality 
and period he received his early educational training. He early 
became inured to the labors and responsibilities of the pioneer farm, 
and he reverts in pleasant reminiscence to the formative period in 
the county's liistory and with gratification to the marvelous changes 
which have been wrought within the long intervening years of 
progress and advancement, in whose making he has played no in- 
considerable part. He was given educational advantages aside 
from those of the common schools, since it was his privilege to at- 
tend the historic old Tecumseh University, a celebrated institution 
of its day, where he had as instructors Profs. Estabrook and Xash, 
educators of ability and high reputation in the early history of 
^Michigan. Mr. Dewey did not falter in his allegiance to the art 
of agriculture as he grew to manhood, and he became in time one 
of the most successful and eminently representative farmers and 
stock-growers of his native county, where he still has a large and 
valuable landed estate of 640 acres, embraced in eight farms of 
eisfhtv acres each, located in the vicinitv of Tecumseh and num- 
bered among the most valuable and well improved places m the 
county. For forty-four years he continued to be actively identified 
with agricultural pursuits,, and for many 3'ears he was the most 
extensive dealer in poultry in this section of the state, handling a 
large volume of business annually and deriving satisfactory profits 
from his well directed endeavors. He is one of the substantial cap- 
italists of the county ; was prominent in the promotion and or- 
ganization of the Tecumseh Savings Bank, of which he is still a 
stockholder and executive officer, and in an individual way he also 
gives no little attention to the extending of financial loans on real 
estate security. Though he has never been solicitous of public 
office he has never lacked a livelv interest in all that has concerned 



I04 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the general welfare of his native county, and his aid and influence 
have been given to the promotion of worthy causes and enterprises. 
The principles of the Democratic party represent his political ten- 
ets, and both he and his wife hold membership in the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Tecumseh. The month of August, 1857, re- 
corded the marriage of Mr. Dewey to Miss Anna McCarby, a na- 
tive of Ireland, where her father died, after which the widowed 
mother came with her family to America and eventually located 
in Macon township, Lenawee county, where she passed the re- 
mainder of her life. Mr. and Mrs. Dewey became the parents of 
three children, concerning whom the following brief data are en- 
tered : Miranda, now deceased, became the wife of William Xeeley 
and is survived by one daughter, Xellie ; Xelson. one of the repre- 
sentative farmers of Raisin township, married Miss Josephine 
Schreder and they have one child, Florence; Xellie is the wife of 
Rev. Elmer ]\Iarvin, a clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and a resident of Bay Citv, Mich., and thev have one child, 
Mildred. 

Charles E. Dibble, a carpenter and general contractor, whose 
work is recognized throughout Lenawee county as of the highest 
quality, was born on a farm in Ridgeway township on June 13, 
1872. He is the son of George A. and Sarah (Lanning) Dibble, 
both natives of Lenawee county, the former a descendant of Xew 
York people, and the latter's ancestors were X^ew Jersey farmers. 
The parents are now living retired on Bent Oaks avenue, just out- 
side the corporate limits of Adrian, and the father derives a sub- 
stantial income from a farm of 140 acres in Adrian township, in 
addition to which he owns his present home. During the Civil 
war the father served two and a half years as a private in Company 
D, Seventh Michigan infantry. Besides Charles E., the parents 
have but one other child, now Mrs. Adelbert Vedder, of Comstock 
street, Adrian. Mr. Dibble received his educational advantages in 
the Raisin A'alley Seminary, his parents having moved from the 
Ridgeway farm to their present home, when he was still a youth. 
After the completion of his scholastic work he learned the carpen- 
ter's trade, at wdiich he worked successfully for a few months, 
when he engaged in the contracting business, and many of the 
present buildings in Adrian stand as monuments to his skill and 
capacity as a builder. The H. Brewer factory, now being erected 
in Tecumseh, is going up under his direction. Some five vears ago 
Mr. Dibble added to his business the making of cement blocks, 
which now occupies a large portion of his time and brings him a 
handsome income. In fraternal matters Mr. Dibble is allied with 
the Knights of the Modern ]\Iaccabees and the Masonic order, and 
in religion his views find expression in membership in the Baptist 
church. He prefers to exercise his right of suffrage at his own dis- 
cretion rather than at the dictation of party leaders, and hence is 
not affiliated with any political organization. The home which 
Mr. Dibble now occupies was built by him in 1903. On June 26, 
1895, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Dibble and Miss Edith 
Vedder, the daughter of Loren A'edder, of Adrian. Mrs. V^edder is 



BIOGRAPHICAL IO5 

deceased, and her husband now makes his home with his daugh- 
ter. Mrs. Dibble was born in Adrian, graduated in the class of 
1890 at the Tecumseh high school, and for four years prior to her 
marriage was engaged in teaching school. Two children, ]\Iarion 
A. and Velma L., have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Dibble. 

Daniel Diver, a substantial resident of Deerlield, was born in 
Monroe county, Mich., Aug. i, 1862. He is the son of John and 
Nancy (Chamberlain) Diver, both of whom were born in Monroe 
county and moved to Deerfield township on May 28, 1866. Their 
farm of eighty acres was situated two and a half miles northwest 
of the village of Deerfield. There the mother died in 1890 and the 
father seven 3^ears later. Seven children were born to the parents. 
Asa died in 1906; Richard is a farmer in Deerfield township; Julia 
died in the spring of 1867; Sarah (Diver) Tennant lives in Cali- 
fornia; Mary (Diver) Stansbury lives in Deerfield village, and M. 
Diver lives on tiie old homestead in Deerfield township. Dan- 
iel Diver's educational advantages were limited to the courses 
afTorded bv the old Black North school and the Deerfield villasfe 
schools. \\'hen he was but fifteen years of age he left home and 
went into the woods in the northern part of the state, where he 
worked for one winter. Upon his return in the spring he entered 
the emphn- of a railroad comi)any for a time and then went west to 
Nebraska, where he earned a livelihood as a carpenter. Later he did 
Ireighting for a firm, his route being from Cheyenne, Wyo., to 
Deadwood, S. D., for a winter, and in the spring started prospect- 
ing in the Black Hills. With two partners he staked out what later 
proved to be the largest gold-producing mine in the state, but by 
fraudulent methods the partners robl^ed him of his share. During 
the year 1881 he was in the employ of the Cnion Pacific railroad as 
a bridge carpenter. In the fall of the year following he returned 
to Michigan and spent the winter working in the woods. In the 
spring of 1883 he went as far west as Idaho and staked a mining 
claim, which, after twenty-one weeks of possession, he sold for 
$6,000. From there he worked south into New Mexico and hired 
out to assist in driving 11.000 sheep to Nebraska. When the live 
stock had been put aboard cars for Omaha Mr. Diver made his 
way to Carson City, Nev., where, with two companions, he pur- 
chased three saddle and two pack ponies and started on an over- 
land trip for Arizona. The death of one member of the party, be- 
fore the trip was half over, determined the other two to abandon 
their trip when they got as far as Denver, Col. From there Mr. 
Diver returned to Nebraska to spend the winter and in the spring 
following he made his way to Oregon and staked out a claim to a 
lead and gold mine. Subsequently he disposed of this for $7,000 
and went on a trip overland to Idaho and Montana. From the lat- 
ter state he went to Salt Lake City, Utah, and was in that city 
when Brigham Young died. During the next twenty odd- months 
he was variously employed, first on a ranch belonging to Col. Wil- 
liam F. Cody (Bufifalo Bill) and later prospecting with little suc- 
cess in Oregon and Nevada. In 1887 he made a big strike in Utah, 
where, with the assistance of a hired man, he took from a mine he 



I06 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

had staked out, $2,000, and at the end of eight weeks sold his claim 
for $13,000. He then entered 160 acres of land in Arkansas, under 
the homestead law, and made his residence there until 1896. In 
that year Mr. Diver returned to Michigan and conducted his 
father's farm until the spring of 1899, when he purchased a fine 
home in Deerfield village, where he has since lived. Since remov- 
ing to Deerfield he has been variously occupied. He has located 
the cement plants at Cement City, Lenawee county, Durham and 
Ottawa, Canada, and since 1906 has devoted most of his time to 
developing the Britton Brick & Tile Company, of Britton. He is 
also one of the directors of the Deerfield State Bank. Fraternally 
he is prominently identified with the Masonic order, being a Noble 
of the Alystic Shrine. On Feb. 9, 1888, occurred Mr. Diver's mar- 
riage to Miss Tennie Martin, born in the state of Louisiana on June 
22. 1868, the daughter of Lewis and Tabitha ( Bridges) Martin. 
Mr. Martin was born in Alabama and died in 1898; his widow is 
now living in Madison county, Arkansas, where the daughter was 
married. Three children have been the issue of the marriage of 
Mr. and Mrs. Diver. They are Douglas, born Aug. i, 1890; Mil- 
ton, born March 28, 1893, and Asa, born Jan. 21, 1895. All are re- 
siding at home ; Douglas is a member of the class of 1910, of the 
Deerfield High School, and the two younger sons are taking eighth- 
grade work in the schools. 

William Nelson Dean is a Canadian by birth, born in Simco 
county, Ontario, Feb. 22, 1865, the son of William and Catherine 
(Besweatherick) Doan. His father was a blacksmith by trade and 
worked at that occupation in Canada from boyhood until he came 
to Michigan in 1873. He located in Blissfield, opened a blacksmith 
shop, and became the leading man in that line in Blissfield and 
Lenawee county. He was actively engaged in business until 1899, 
when he retired from active life, having accumulated a comfortable 
competency upon which to live. It was not until he had passed 
three score years that he retired, being seventy-three years of age 
in 1899. He had much mechanical genius and was the inventor 
of a general purpose scraper, known as the Doan scraper, which 
he patented in 1883. The father was born in Simco county, On- 
tario, Sept. 15, 1826, and now resides with AA'illiam N., the subject 
of this sketch, in Blissfield. Mrs. Catherine Doan was a native of 
England, born in Cornwall in August, 1832, and died in Blissfield 
April 20, 1886, after rearing a family of twelve children. They 
were: Charles, a blacksmith in Toledo, Ohio; Harriet B., now Mrs. 
Bartley. of Superior, Wis. ; John, a merchant of Toledo, Ohio ; Mrs. 
Lucy H. (Doan) AYarner, of Providence, R. I.; Henry F., a jcav- 
eler in West Toledo, Ohio ; Efiie E., who liA^es in Toledo, Ohio, is an 
artist of more than ordinary ability, her paintings having won high 
mention ; Lewis L., a merchant of Blissfield ; Rose, now Mrs. Dye, 
resides in Buffalo, N. Y. ; Frederick E., a barber of Blissfield ; Jen- 
nie, now Mrs. Smith, resides in Toledo; Robert, who died Sept. 
20, 1901. and William N., the subject of this sketch. The last 
named received his educational advantages in the fine public schools 
of Blissfield, and after finishing his studies went into his father's 



BIOGRAPHICAL I07 

shop, where he learned the blacksmith trade. He worked with his 
father until 1899, and when the latter retired from business the son 
purchased the blacksmith shop, which he has managed ever since. 
He has increased his father's already large trade and added wood- 
working, meeting wnth gratifying success in both lines. He not 
only conducts one of the leading shops and wood-w^orking factories 
in Lenaw^ee county, but also manufactures the Doan scraper, which 
is used to a great extent in this section of the country. Mr. Doan 
is a man of sterling integrity, wdio has built up his present large 
business by fair dealing and a desire to please his customers. He 
is a stanch adherent and a liberal supporter of the Democratic 
party. On Nov. 13, 1889, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. 
Doan and Nellie M. Davenport, the daughter of George AV. and 
Emeline (Back) Davenport. Mr. Davenport was born in Bliss- 
field, Dec. 31, 1845, and his wife was born in Williams county, 
Ohio, March 29, 1846. They are both living in Blissfield. Mrs. 
Doan was born in Blissfield on Oct. 12, 1870, and received the edu- 
cational training afforded by the public schools, graduating w^ith 
the class of 1888. One child has come to brighten the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Doan. Harry Clifford, born Dec. 29, 1893. He lives 
at home with his parents. The religious belief of the family is ex- 
pressed by their affiliation with the Methodist Episcopal church of 
Blissfield. Mr. Doan is a member of Blissfield Lodge, No. 558, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and Mrs. Doan is a member of 
the Daughters of Rebekah. 

William D. Dowell, a prominent farmer of Deerfield township, 
was born in Clinton township, Fulton county, Ohio, March 25, 
1853, a son of Jacob and Margarett (Coulter) Dowell, both of 
whom were natives of Holmes county, Ohio, the former born Sept. 
14, 1826, the latter Oct. 13, 1829. The father, who was a farmer, 
immigrated to Monroe county, Michigan, about 1884, and settled 
upon a tract of 120 acres in Summerfield township. Here he resided 
until overtaken by death on Feb. 10, 1903. The mother expired 
on Nov. 25, 1897. There were six children born to this worthy 
couple : Francis, living in Deerfield tow^nship ; David, residing in 
Monroe county ; Harvey, who died at the youthful age of nine 
years ; Augusta, wdio expired at the age of three ; Howard, residing 
in Monroe county, and the subject of this sketch. The last named 
procured the rudiments of his education in the district schools in 
the immediate neighborhood of his old Ohio home. The comple- 
tion of this education was accomplished in that practical, though 
sometimes bitter school of experience. He commenced this part 
of his acquisition of useful knowledge by hiring out by the month 
to neighboring farmers and later learned the carpenter trade, which 
calling he followed for several years. Then the "railroad fever," 
of which there was an epidemic among the young men of the 
country, fastened its grip on him, and for a period of five years he 
was activelv engaged in the train service of the Lake Shore & 
jMichigan Southern railway betw^een the cities of Toledo, Ohio, 
and Elkhart, Ind. He then acquired sixty acres of woodland in the 
township of Deerfield, which, solely through his own efforts, he 
has transformed into one of the best farms of its size in the county. 



I08 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Here the practical side of that education acquired in the early days, 
makes itself manifest, for after he had made a portion of his soil 
tillable, he set about erecting the buildings which were rapidly be- 
coming a necessity. Almost single-handed he erected those com- 
modious structures which now adorn his place. In the village of 
Blissfield, Feb. ii, 1874, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Ellen, daughter of Ezra and Harriet (Ray) Pool, the former born 
in the state of New York, July 3, 1830, and the latter in Deerfield 
township. Lenawee county, April 8, 1828, having been the first 
white child born in that township. The mother is now a resident 
of Deerfield, but the father passed away on April 22, 1908. The 
following children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Pool : Philo, residing 
in Brockport X. Y. ; Louis, who died Nov. 4, 1873; Charles, who 
lives in Deerfield, and the wife of the subject of this sketch, who 
was born May 19, 1854, in Eaton county, Michigan. She received 
her early educational training in Blissfield. But one child has been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Dowell, Mrs. Bertha (Dowell) Hoffman, 
who was born May 11, 1879. She resides in the town of Deerfield, 
and her residence is the one home in which the subject of this sketch 
and his wif'e are known respectively as "grandma" and "grandpa," 
for Mrs. Hofl:'man is the mother of three children. They are: Ur- 
ban D., born Sept. 29, 1895 ; Darcy M., born July 5, 1902, and Max- 
well E., born June 18, 1906. Politically Mr. Dowell is associated 
with the Democratic party. That his judgment and executive abil- 
ity are well thought of is evidenced by the fact that for six years 
he has been a member of the board of tax review, and for one year 
he acted in the capacity of drainage commissioner. Fraternally he 
is admirably affiliated, being a member of the Knights of the Mod- 
ern Maccabees and also of the State Grange. The family is affili- 
ated with the Church of God. Such is the life of a self-made man. 
Philip M. Dreher, proprietor of the Home Bakery at 20 1-2 Te- 
cumseh street, Adrian, was born in Baden, Germany, Dec. 12, 1871. 
He is the son of Jacob and Kathryn (Witter) Dreher, both natives 
of the Fatherland, where the father was a farmer and the owner 
of 120 acres of land. The father died on Christmas day, 1907, leav- 
ing, besides his widow, six children, three boys and three girls, all 
of whom except Philip, are living with their mother inthe old 
country. After completing his education in the excellent schools 
of his native land and learning the trade of baker, Mr. Dreher mi- 
grated to the United States in 1897, landing in New York. An 
uncle, Adam Dreher, now deceased, was then living in Riga town- 
ship and it was there that Mr. Dreher made his way. Soon after- 
ward, in October of the same year, he accepted a position as baker 
in the old Pioneer Bakery under Fred and George Bowerfind, 
worked four years, meantime learning American business methods. 
Tn 1905, in partnership with Paul Sauter, he established the Home 
Bakery under the name of Sauter & Dreher, but subsequently he 
purchased Mr. Sauter's interest and has since been successfully 
conducting the business alone. In 1907 he erected the block at the 
corner of Church and Tecumseh streets, and when it w^as com- 
pleted moved his bakery to it, making his home in the apartments 



BIOGRAPHICAI- lOQ 

above the store. Mr. Dreher also holds the title to the land and 
the house at 91 Church street, next his bakery, which he built five 
years ago. In no way is he identified with any political party, but 
exercises his right of sufi^rage as his conscience and judgment tell 
him is for the best good of the community, irrespective of party. 
Fraternally he is associated with the German Workingmen's So- 
ciety and is a member of St. Stephen's German Lutheran church. 
On Sept. 8, 1898, Mr. Dreher was united in marriage to Miss Hulda 
Lindauer, the daughter of Gottlieb Lindauer, of Adrian. Mrs. 
Dreher was born in Adrian and educated in the public schools and 
Brown's Business University. To Mr. and Mrs. Dreher have been 
born three children — Edna, (iladys and Ernest. 

George W. Duncan, who has come to be recognized as one of 
the leading agriculturists of Deerfield township, was born in Met- 
amora, Ohio, April 27, 1845. He is the son 'of David and Maria 
(Gilson) Duncan, the former of whom was born in Syracuse, N. 
Y., and the latter in Vermont. In an early day they removed to 
Fulton county, Ohio, and the father cleared and improved an eighty 
acre farm. Both parents died there, the father in 1888. and the 
mother in 1887. Six children were born to the parents, ^^'illiam 
H. died while in the service of his country as a member of Com- 
pany F, of the Sixty-seventh Ohio infantry; AIcLain lives in Massa- 
chusetts ; Elmer C. lives at Metamora, Ohio ; Inez Duncan Spalding 
died at Hudson, Mich., in 1898, and a son died in infancy. George 
W. Duncan, of this sketch, attended the public schools of Metamora, 
Ohio, and then worked with his father until the outbreak of the 
Civil war. He then enlisted as a private in Company F, Sixty- 
seventh Ohio infantry, and rendered gallant service during the 
balance of the great internecine struggle. When he had received 
his honorable discharge from the service he returned to Ohio and 
lived there until 1892. In that year he removed with his family to 
Lenawee county and settled on a farm in Deerfield township, which 
he later disposed of, and then purchased the well improved farm 
where he now resides. In the matter of politics Mr. Duncan has 
been a member of the Republican party ever since he became old 
enough to vote, and he has served as a school director of district 
number six. In religious matters he is allied with the Church of 
God, and his only fraternal or social relations are with the Grand 
Army of the Republic. On Dec. 18, 1865, was celebrated the mar- 
riage of Mr. Duncan and Miss Martha Irwin, born near Metamora, 
Ohio, Sept. 21, 1846. She is the daughter of AVilliam and Jane 
(Montgomery) Irwin, both of whom were natives of Ireland, Avho 
came to Fulton county, Ohio, early in their lives, and were among 
its first settlers securing land from the government. He Avas a 
contractor on the canal from Toledo to Maumee. Two children 
were born to this union, William H. and Dora Jane (Duncan) Bax- 
ter, both married and residing in Toledo. Ernest H. Eckert, who 
has lived with Mr. and Mrs. Duncan since he was ten months old, 
seems as near and dear to them as their own children. He was 
born Xov. 18, 1881, at Ottawa Lake. Monroe county, Michigan, and 
was married at Riga Nov. 15, 1902, to Miss Louise Murbach, daugh- 



no MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

ter of Henr_v and ^Minnie (Schultz) ivlurbach, by whom he has one 
child, Ruth, born April 21, 1904. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Duncan were both born near Metamora, Ohio. William H. was 
born Sept. 27. 1866. and Dora Jane on July 30, 1868. 

Stephen A. Eaton, president of the Boies State Savings Bank 
of Hudson, Mich., is a native of the state of New York, having 
been born ten miles east of Rochester in Perinton township, Mon- 
roe county, that state, in 1825. His parents were Silas and Eliza 
(Simmons) Eaton, both of whom were also natives of the Empire 
state. The father was born in Duanesbiu'g, N. Y., and in 1810, 
when he was twelve years of age, removed with his parents to 
Monroe county and settled in Perinton township, where he con- 
tinued to reside until 1834, when he decided to remove to Mich- 
igan, coming by boat to Detroit and thence with three three-horse 
teams to Hudson township, arriving there on Sunday, Oct. 13, 
1834. while Michigan was still a Territory. He secured 160 acres 
of wild government land in Sections 7 and 8 and spent three years 
clearing and cultivating it, and then moved to a propert}?^ he had 
purchased two miles north of the present village of Hudson, 
v\'here he remained until the railroad was located through the village 
in 1839, when he removed there and engaged in carpentering, which 
trade he had learned before coming west. He was prominent in 
the politics of that day and served as township supervisor, and for 
twelve years was postmaster of Hudson. He and his wife were 
the parents of four children, three sons and a daughter, of whom 
Stephen A. is the onh^ survivor. The latter received his early edu- 
cational training in the public schools of York state, and being 
only nine years of age when he accompanied his father to Lenawee 
cotmty, he spent three years after his arrival in attending a select 
school in Adrian. One of the first positions he ever held was that 
of mail carrier between Keene and Adrian in 1838, when he was 
onl}' thirteen years of age, but his business career really began 
when he accepted a position as a clerk in a general store in Hud- 
son and then worked in the same capacity for fotu" or five years in 
Adrian, after which he engaged in the dry goods btisiness for a 
time in Hudson. On Jan. i, 1884. he became associated with Mr. 
Boies in the bank which ^Ir. Boies and brother, with Xathan 
Rude, had established in 1855, as a private banking institution. 
Mr. Boies died in August, 1891, and in the following 3'ear the bank 
was incorporated as a state institution with Mr. Eaton as president, 
which position he has since filled with eminent satisfaction to all 
concerned. The other ofificers of the bank are D. J. Beachboard vice- 
president, and Byron J. Eoster cashier. It does a general banking 
business, and under the able and conservative management of its 
officers the bank is known far and wide as one of the soundest 
financial institutions in Lenawee county. It has weathered every 
panic and financial storm for over fifty years, and possesses the 
unqualified confidence of its patrons. Although Air. Eaton devotes 
his time seduously to his business interests, he recognizes his 
political and social obligations to the community', being prominent 
in the councils of the Democratic party which has twice elected 



BIOGRAPHICAL III 

him president of the village. He is not a member of any religious 
organization, but usually attends the services of the Congregational 
church, of which he is a trustee. On Aug. 30, 1852, was celebrated 
his marriage to Miss Ani}- A. Eaton, a cousin, born in Perinton 
township, Monroe county, Xew York, and a daughter of Joshua C. 
Eaton, who resided on the old Eaton homestead, settled as pre- 
viously mentioned in 1810. Two children have blessed this union, 
Mary, who died when three years old, and Addie G., who graduated 
from Lake Forest Seminary, after which she became the wife of 
W. C. Pease, of Chicago, by whom she is the mother of a daughter, 
Kathrvn. ]\Ir. Eaton's only fraternal relations are w^ith the 
Alasonic order, and he is one of the foremost figures in the Hud- 
son chapter of that order. 

James Elliott, one of the valued citizens contributed to Len- 
awee ccnmty by the fair Emerald Isle is one of the successful 
and popular citizens of Tecumseh, where he is engaged in the 
blacksmith business. He has served as president of the village, 
and this fact alone stands as adequate voucher for the confidence 
and esteem in which he is held in the community. Mr. Elliott was 
born in County Antrim, Ireland, Aug. 28, 1848, a son of James and 
]\Iaria (Miller) Elliott, both of whom were likewise born in County 
Antrim. Iliey passed their entire lives in the Emerald Isle, where 
the father followed the vocation of blacksmith during the major 
portion of his active business career. James Elliott, subject of this 
review, secured his earh- educational discipline in the schools of 
his native country, and as a youth he there served a thorough 
apprenticeship to the trade of l)lacksmith, in which he became a 
specially skillful workman. In 1871, when twenty-three years of 
age, he came to the L'nited States, and within the same year took 
up his residence in Tecumseh, where he has since followed the 
work of his trade, and where he has a .well equipped establishment 
which controls a representative patronage. Industry and sterling- 
integrity of purpose have made him a citizen well worthy of the 
esteem in which he is held, and he has added to his personal popu- 
larity through his characteristically alert mentality and genial per- 
sonality. He is to be found arrayed as a stalwart in the local camp 
of the Republican party, and he has shown a most lively interest 
in local afifairs as a loyal and public-spirited citizen. He served 
for a number of years as a member of the village council, of which 
he was president for two successive terms, in which office he gave 
a most business-like and progressive administration of municipal 
afifairs, which grained to him uniform commendation. He and his 
wife hold membership in the Baptist church; he is affiliated with 
Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; Tecumseh 
Chapter, No. 42, Royal Arch Masons; Blanchard Council. No. 34. 
Royal and Select Masters ; Tecumseh Lodge, No. 190, Knights of 
Pythias; Tecumseh Aerie, Fraternal Order of Eagles; and the 
local organization of the Independent Order of Foresters. _ In the 
year 1873 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Elliott to Miss Rose 
Wilson, born in County Antrim, Ireland, a daughter of John Wil- 
son, who became one of the successful farmers of Lenawee county. 



112 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Upon his arrival in this county he settled in Raisin township, 
whence he later removed to Macon township, and there passed the 
remainder of his life, whose termination came in the year 1906. 
His first wife died in Ireland, and he later married Miss Rose 
Craig, who died in 1907. Mrs. Rose (\\'ilson) Elliott died in the 
spring of 1875, leaving no children, and later Mr. Elliott was 
tmited in marriage to Miss Addie Rainey, a native of the state of 
Xew York and a daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Caldwell) 
Rainey, both natives of Ireland. Her parents came from the state 
of Xew York to Lenawee cotmty, Michigan, where her father was 
engaged in farming for a number of years. He and his wife were 
residents of Homer, Calhoini county, Michigan, at the time of their 
deaths. Mr. Rainey was a Democrat in politics, and he and his wife 
were devoted members of the Presbyterian chtn"ch. Mr. and Mrs. 
Elliott have four children — Iva M., Eva, Floyd J. and Vena — all 
of whom are married. Iva M. is the wife of Arthur D. Gaisford, 
of Spokane, Wash. ; Eva is the wife of William Knodle and resides 
at Bairdstown, Ohio ; Floyd J. married Miss Marian Hall in May, 
1909, and lives in Tecumseh, and Vena is the wife of Walter Slear, 
of Jackson, Mich. 

Richard B. Gillespie, retired, a prominent and substantial citi- 
zen of Tecumseh, was born in that township on Dec. 29, 1835, the 
son of Richard B. and Clorinda (Roberts) Gillespie. The father 
Avas born in Steuben county. New York, in 1790, and the mother in 
Dansville, Livingston county. New York, in 1802. The parents 
came to Lenawee county in 1832 and entered under the homestead 
law, some government land in Clinton township, which the father 
cleared and cultivated until his death, on Jtme 16, 1870. His wife 
died on July 12, 1880. During the AVar of 1812 he served as a 
soldier in the volunteer arm}-. He was a Democrat in his political 
relations and held many of the minor offices of township and coun- 
ty. Both he and his w^ife were members of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. The father was twice married, and by his first wife, 
Margaret Gray, had two daughters. By his second marriage he 
was the father of ■ six children, namely, Gustavius, Margaret, Ann 
Elizabeth, Richard B., David Walter and John, the first three 
named being now deceased. David, a retired teacher living in Chi- 
cago, served in the Union cavalry during the Civil war, and John 
is a farmer in Clinton township. Richard B. Gillespie, the subject 
of this review, attended the public schools of what is now Clinton 
township, and when he had finished the prescribed coitrses engaged 
in farming. He was thtis actively occupied until 1902, not devoting 
himself to any one especial branch of agriculture, but doing a gen- 
eral farming btisiness which brought him a lucrative income. In 
the above named year he removed to Tecumseh and purchased a 
fine home on Pearl street, in which he now lives retired. He still 
owns the Clinton township farm of 240 acres, one of the most pro- 
dtictive pieces of property in the county. After his retirement 
Mr. Gillespie spent a year and a half in extensive travel in Cali- 
fornia and the West. In his political views Mi*. Gillespie is a stanch 
Democrat, and as the successful candidate of that party has served 



PY 




EICHARD B. GILLESPIE 




LUCY GILLESPIE 



BIOGRAPHICAL 113 

as justice of the peace and for two years as supervisor of Clinton 
township. Fraternally he is prominent in Masonic circles, being 
a member of Tecumseh Lodge, Xo. 69, Free and Accepted Masons, 
Tecumseh Chapter, No. 42, Royal Arch Masons, and Blanchard 
Council, Xo. 34, Royal and Select ^Masters. Mr. Gillespie and his 
family are members of the Presbyterian church, of which he is one 
of the trustees. He has been tw^ice married. In 1864 occurred his 
union to Miss Martha IJiddle, of Macon township, a daughter of 
(iersham and Ann (MclJarter) l>iddle. To this union was born one 
child who died in infancy. Mrs. Gillespie passed away on Oct. 11, 
1868. In 1870 was celebrated Mr. Gillespie's marriage to Miss Lucy 
Rector, a native of Ohif) and a daughter of John and Permelia 
(Raymond) Rector. Mr. and JVIrs. Rector were pioneers of Ohio 
and later in their lives came to Lenaw^ee county. He died in Te- 
cumseh in 1888 and his wife passed away six years later. To Mr. 
Gillespie's second marriage have been born five children : Garland 
R., a graduate of the college of law of the University of Michigan, 
is a practicing attorney of Tecumseh ; Grace, educated in the Te- 
cumseh schools, the Ypsilanti Xormal and the University of Mich- 
igan, was for a number of years a teacher, and is now engaged in 
the life insurance business; Ora Hlanche became the wife of John 
E. Murphy, and they now reside on the Gillespie farm in Clinton 
township ; Jennie, a graduate of the hos])ital connected with the 
medical department of the University of ^lichigan, is now a trained 
nurse, and Ralph, the youngest, died June 5. 1897. at the age of 
thirteen years and seven months. 

Julius Erhart, a thrifty farmer of German birth residing in 
Palmyra township, was born in W'urtemburg. Germany, Sept. 21, 
1844, the son of FJaltes and Falitena (Sileyj Erhart. The father 
died when Julius was but three years of age. and the mother 
brought her family to America in 1852. She located on a farm in 
Adrian townshij). where she i^assed the remainder of her days, her 
death having occurred in 1880. Julius Erhart's educational advan- 
tages were limited to the common schools of Adrian township. In 
i860 he started to earn his own living by farming, at which occu- 
pation he was busy about a year. Then he entered the employ of 
the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway as a bridge carpen- 
ter, and remained with that company until a year after his mar- 
riage. With the money he had saved from his earnings he pur- 
chased a farm, which he worked for fourteen continuous years. 
When he sold it he i)urchased the farm of 139 acres where he now 
resides, and on which he has since devoted himself to general 
farming and stock raising. Each winter he fattens cattle and dis- 
poses of them in the spring. It is now Mr. Erhart's intention to 
dispose of his present farm in the near future and purchase a 
smaller o'ne. where the labor is not so onerous, and where he may 
be freer to enjoy the fruits of his labor. His career is one well 
worthy of emulation. Everything he has achieved has been the 
direct' result of his own efforts, with no assistance save that of 
his good wife. Fraternally he is associated wath the Palmyra 
Tent. Knights of the Maccabees, and in the matter of politics 

8-2V 



114 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

he espouses the Democratic cause, but has held no office except that 
of school director in Adrian township. He was reared in the 
Catholic faith and is today one of the stanch and zealous com- 
municants of St. Joseph's Church of that denomination in Adrian. 
On March 4, 1871, Mr. Erhart was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Gody, born in Germany in 1845, ^'i^ daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Jacob Gody. Her parents came to the United States wdien she was 
but six months old and lived in Ohio for two years, removing 
then to Ida, Monroe county. Michigan, where they both died. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Erhart were born eight children. The first two died 
in infancy ; Henry is a farmer in Palmyra township ; George died 
in 1891, at the age of eighteen years and six months; Fred is a 
farmer in Palmyra township ; Carl is employed in the Lyon Fence 
Company's works in Adrian ; William is an elevator operator in 
Detroit, Mich.; Leo is a railroad man; and Stephen resides with 
his parents. 

Charles Evans, one of the prominent and progressive citizens 
of Franklin township. Lenawee county, Michigan, was born in 
Montgomeryshire. Whales, Aug. 14, 1858, the son of John and Ann 
(Swayne) Evans, both natives of the same locality, the former 
born March 10, 1825, and the latter on Oct. 4. 1828. The father was 
a farmer, and he and his wife passed their lives in their native land. 
They were the parents of seven children, only three of whom sur- 
vive. The deceased members were John. William. Mary and 
Richard, and the- survivors are Edward and Thomas, both resid- 
ing in England, and Charles, to whom this review is dedicated. The 
latter received his educational advantages in the public schools of 
the land of his birth, and in July. 1880. when twenty-two years of 
age. he came direct to Adrian from the old country. For a time 
after his arrival he worked at anything he could get to do, and by 
the practice of the strictest kind of economy, managed to save 
sufficient of his earnings to purchase a farm in Franklin township. 
Subsequently he purchased the adjoining farm and now^ owns 170 
acres of as fine farming land as is found in the county, which by 
the application of advanced scientific methods of agriculture he has 
made into one of the most profitable farms in the district. "Sir. 
Evans started the battle of life with no equipment save a capacity 
for hard work and an ambition that knew no bonds, and the meas- 
ure of his success is a fitting climax to his struggle against almost 
insurmountable difficulties. Although he has given allegiance to 
the Republican party ever since he became a citizen of the United 
States, he has never sought public office. His deeply religious 
nature finds expression in attendance upon the worship of the Con- 
gregational society; and fraternally he is identified Avith Spring 
Brook Lodge. No. 186. of the Knights of Pythias. On March 3, 
1878, in England, was celebrated Mr. Evans' marriage to Miss Mary 
Andrews, born in Montsfomeryshire, A\^ales, Oct. 3, i8=;6. the 
daughter of David and Margaret Andrews, who were natives of 
England, but they never came to the United States, and have been 
dead a number of years. Seven children were born to IMr. and 
Mrs. Evans: Edward, born April 13, 1882, died at the age of nine 



BIOGRAPHICAL II 5 

years and eight months; Lena, born Feb. 18, 1885, died at the age 
of six years and ten months ; Agnes, born Sept. 19, 1889, is the 
wife of Charles Edwards, a farmer of Franklin township; Howard, 
born July 5, 1895, '^ attending district school; and three others 
died in infancy. Four of the deceased children succumbed to 
diphtheria in 1891. 

Joseph E. Everiss, head of the firm of J. E. Everiss & Sons, 
undcriakcrs and cnil)almers of Adrian, whose place of business is 
one of the most modern and best equipped in the state, was born 
in Cheltenham, England, June 12, 1832, a son of Rev. William and 
Lois (Potter) Everiss. The father was born in France in 1800 and 
left there during the religious troubles early in the century. He 
died in England in i860. The mother was born in En^^land in 
1805, also passed away there in 1887. When but fourteen years 
of age, Mr. Everiss came to the United States and located in Troy, 
X. Y. There he served an apprenticeship as a cabinet-maker and 
worked at his trade until 1850. Jn that year he removed to New 
York city, and for a period of two years was employed at his trade, 
gt)ing thence to Patterson, X. J. In 1854 he came to Adrian and 
for a few years was engaged as a contractor, following that work 
until in 1863, hred by a martial enthusiasm, he joined the com- 
missary department of the Union Army and served in that depart- 
ment for more than two years in the campaigns with General 
Sherman. Upon his return to Adrian after the cessation of hos- 
tilities he again engaged in cabinet-making. In those times it was 
almost essential that a cabinet-maker be skilled in undertaking, and 
after some study in the art Mr. Everiss embarked in that line in 
^larch, 1867. His establishment on South Main street was a mod- 
est one, but by persistence and the courteous treatment of all with 
whom he came in contact, he managed to develop a large practice. 
In 1895 the business had grown to such an extent that larger quar- 
ters were necessary, and purchasing a choice piece of property at 
the corner of Church and South Winter streets, owned for many 
years by W. H. Cleveland, he erected a brick block to house the 
business. Within a few years he realized a large profit b}' the sale 
of this property to the Bell Telephone Compau}'^ and erected 
another block at X^o. 8 West Church street, designed by himself 
for the special accommodation of a business such as his. Today 
there is nowhere in the southern part of the state a better equipped 
nor a more perfectly arranged undertaking establishment than 
that of J. E. Everiss & Sons of Adrian. It may be truthfulh^ said 
that there can be no one more skilled in divesting the death cham- 
ber and the funeral conventionalities of their most distressing feat- 
ures than Mr. Everiss. In 1900 Mr. Everiss' two sons, Walter 
and Joseph E., Jr., became associated with their father in business 
and under his tutelage have acquired those qualities of kindliness 
and courtesy which always go so far toward softening the grief of 
the bereaved. In his political views Mr. Everiss has always given 
stanch support to the principles of the Republican party, having 
voted for General Fremont in 1856, but has never become a candi- 
date for public office of any nature, believing that a business man 



Il6 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

cannot well afford to dabble in politics. His father was a Baptist 
of the old school, and he was reared in the strictest tenets of that 
faith. Although he has been identified with practically all the 
churches of the city as chorister, he is not a member of any. Fra- 
ternally he is prominent as a Mason, having taken the rites of the 
Royal Arch degree. On April 29, 1852, Mr. Everiss was united in 
marriage to Miss Margaret Berry, of Troy, N. Y., the ceremony 
being performed by the Rev. Dr. Hadley of the Presbyterian 
church of that city. Mrs. Everiss was born in Patterson, N. J., 
as were her ancestors for several generations back. She comes of 
a line of patriots, some of her ancestors having been soldiers in 
the Revolutionary war and body guards of General Washington. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Everiss have been born four sons and two daugh- 
ters. George, the first born, lives with his parents ; Minnie is the 
wife of Edward Denio, of Rome, N. Y. ; Fred is a resident of Chi- 
cago, 111. ; Walter and Joseph E., Jr., are associated with their 
father; and Margaret F. is the wife of Albert R. Kessenger, editor 
of the Rome Sentinel and mayor of Rome, N. Y. All of the chil- 
dren, except the eldest, were born in Adrian. The Everiss honie 
at 15 Chestnut street is in one of the most beautiful resident dis- 
tricts of the city. 

Samuel First, who has been a resident of Deerfield township 
and village since 1880, was born in Fulton county, Ohio, March 
10, 1853. He is the son of Jacob and Lucinda (Geer) First, both 
of whom were born in Ohio, the former on April 18, 1818, and the 
latter on Sept. i, 1821. The father was a farmer in Ohio until his 
removal to Waverly, Kans., in 1879, and he was engaged in farm- 
ing at the latter place until his death on Sept. 3, 1889. The mother 
passed away there on Dec. 19, 1893. Nine children were born to 
the parents. The two first born were twins, Octlona and Saloma, 
the former of whom is now living in Kansas and the latter died 
there on Feb. 15, 1901 ; James H. lives in Kansas; Samuel, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Mary E., now residing with her brother, 
Samuel ; Silas lives in Wauseon, Ohio ; and Zacchaeus, George W. 
and Edmond L. are all residents of Kansas. Samuel First, to whom 
this sketch is dedicated, was educated in the public schools of 
Wauseon, Ohio. When he had completed the prescribed course 
he was engaged on the farm with his father until the latter removed 
to Kansas. In the spring of the year following, in 1880, he came 
to Lenawee county and purchased a farm of 140 acres in Deerfield 
township, where he was successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits 
until 1901. In that year his health became impaired and it was neces- 
sary that he desist from manual labor for a time. Accordingly 
he purchased a home in Deerfield village and lived there seven years 
until the spring of 1908, the farm meantime being rented. In the 
last mentioned year the general condition of his health had so far 
improved that he moved back to the farm and again assumed the 
active management of it, but it proved to be too hard on his health 
and in May, 1909, he returned to his home in Deerfield. In the 
matter of politics Mr. First strongly espouses the cause of the 
Republican party, and served for four years as a member of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 11/ 

village board. He has also served six years on the township school 
board. Mr. First's deeply religious nature finds ample expression 
in his devout membership in the Church of God. Fraternally he 
is allied with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Rebekahs 
and the Gleaners. On Oct. i8, 1877, was solemnized Mr. First's 
marriage to Miss Sarah Collins, the daughter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Miller) Collins. Mrs. First was one of two children born to 
her parents, her brother, Perry Collins, was born Jan. 5, 1863, and 
is a farmer near West Branch, Mich. Mrs. First was born on Jan. 
8, 1885, in Fulton county, Ohio, and was educated at Wauseon, 
Ohio. Her mother, who was born on March 22, 1834 in Tififin, 
Ohio, and died April 15, 1900, and her father, born on August 12, 
1833, in Iowa, now lives at West Branch, Mich. He was a veteran 
of the Civil war, enlisting in July, 1862, as a private in Company 
Jl, One Hundredth Ohio infantry, and served until August, 1865. 
when he was honorably discharged. He fought in many hotly 
contested battles, and received a wound in his right hand. Three 
children have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and ]\Irs. First. 
Bertha (First) Gerber, whose husband is a farmer in Deerfield 
township, was born Aug. 25, 1878; Jacob \\'illiam, born Feb. 27, 
1886. died Feb. 18. 1888; and Elizabeth (First) Bragg, born Feb. 
2, 1889, now lives with her parents. 

Peter Fisher, justice of the peace, and notary public of the 
village of Blissfield, is one of that class of German pioneers who 
have played such a prominent part in the development of the 
state. He was born in Germany, Feb. 18, 1838, the son of William 
and Barbara (Krueg) Fisher, both of whom were natives of the 
Fatherland. A\^illiam Fisher was a farmer in Germany who 
migrated to America with his family in 1853. Soon after landing 
on the shores of the New World he went to Erie county, Ohio, 
but the next year came to Michigan, locating in Riga township, 
Lenawee county, where he lived the balance of his life. There 
were four children in the family : Madalena now resides at Ply- 
mouth, Mich.; Henry, a retired farmer, lives, in Riga village, Lena- 
wee county ; Anna E. died at the age of eight years ; Peter, the 
subject of this sketch, was educated in the excellent schools of his 
native country and finished his course in 1853. The same year he 
came to the United States with his parents. For several years he 
worked for different farmers in Lenawee county, and then obtained 
a position with the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railroad. 
At the end of two years he severed his connection with that com- 
pany and returned to the homestead to assist his father. Mr. 
Fisher was engaged in farming until 1890. when he was elected 
justice of the peace of Blissfield township. He has been re-elected 
five times to this important office and at the expiration of his pres- 
ent term will have served continuously for twenty years. He was 
made notary public in 1894 and still acts in that capacity. Mr. 
Fisher is a hearty supporter of the Republican party and his election 
to office came as a candidate of that party. On April 14, 1859, in 
Riga township, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Fisher and 
Mi'ss Marv Palmer, the daughter of Jacob and Christina (Stadeh- 



Il8 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

man) Palmer. Mrs. Fisher was born and educated in Germany and 
came to the United States with her parents at an early day. Her 
father died in Ogden township some years ago, and her mother's 
death occurred in Riga township about 1904. Mrs. Fisher died at 
her home in Blissfield on Dec. 21, 1898. Mr. Fisher's second wife 
to whom he was united at Blissfield, April 6, 1902, was Miss Louise 
Wordell, daughter of Carl and Wilhelmina (Koltz) Wordell. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Wordell were natives of Germany, where the former 
died, and his wife passed away in Riga township, Lenawee county. 
Mrs. Fisher was born in Germany and there received her schol- 
astic training. Four children were born to Peter Fisher: Jacob, 
born in Riga township, died May 27, 1897; Mrs. Libby Raymond 
lives at home with her father; Wesley lived at home till the spring 
of 1908, when he accepted an excellent position with the Norwalk 
Canning Company, and now resides at Xorwalk, Ohio ; and Mrs. 
Cora Smith resides at Grass Lake, Jackson county, ^Michigan. Mr. 
Fisher responded to the call for volunteers at the outbreak of the 
Civil war, enlisting in Company L, First Michigan engineers. 
W^ith the other members of his company he was engaged in con- 
structing railroad defenses in Tennessee. He was taken prisoner 
near Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dec. 15, 1864, and held at Anderson- 
ville prison till the war closed. He then returned to Riga, and was 
discharged on June 12, 1865. 

William F. Fisher, whose finely improved farm of fifty-six 
acres lies just outside the corporate limits of the village of Tecum- 
seh, makes a specialty of the raising of Leghorn poultry, and in 
this field of enterprise has attained marked success and wide repu- 
tation. He is a scion of one of the well known pioneer families 
of this county and has well upheld the prestige of the honored 
name which he bears. Mr. Fisher was born in Clinton township, 
this county, Xov. 22, 1857, and is a son of John and Rachel (Hamp- 
ton) Fisher, both of whom died in this county, where the father 
became an extensive farmer and stock raiser. He owned about 
400 acres of land in the vicinity of the village of Clinton and was 
a citizen of prominence and influence in his community. His 
religious faith was that of the Baptist church and in politics he 
was a staunch supporter of the principles and policies of the Repub- 
lican party. He served for several years as justice of the peace 
and held other offices of local trust. He was born in the state 
of Massachusetts in 1830, a son of John and Elizabeth (Hill) Fisher, 
both of whom were likewise natives of the old Bay state, whence 
they came to Lenawee county in 1836, and settled in Clinton town- 
ship, where they passed the remainder of their lives. They became 
the parents of eleven children, none of whom are now living. The 
maternal grandparents of the subject of this sketch likewise were 
numbered among the early settlers of this county and were resi- 
dents of Tecumseh at the time of their death. John and Rachel 
(Hampton) Fisher had three children: Charles H., now deceased; 
William F., whose name initiates this article ; and Ella Rachel, 
wife of Frank Davis, of Lafayette, La. William F. Fisher secured 
his preliminary education in the public schools of Clinton township 



BIOGRAPHICAL II9 

and thereafter continued his studies in the high school at Tecum- 
seh. From his youth to the present he has been actively identified 
with agricultural pursuits, and his present fine little farm is one of 
the most attractive in the vicinity of Tecumseh. For the past 
fifteen years he has devoted special attention to the raising of 
White Leghorn poultry, and he has built up a large and prosperous 
business. He is a recognized connoissieur and the equipment of 
his farm for this special line of enterprise is of the best modern 
type. Though never a seeker of public office, Mr. Fisher is unwav- 
ering in his support of the cause of the Republican party, and both 
he and his wife are active members of the Baptist church in Tecum- 
seh. On Dec. 30. 1897, occurred the marriage of Air. Fisher to 
Miss Blanche Taylor, who was born at Mount Vernon, Ohio, a 
daughter of Marcus and Artimicia Marie (Harrison) Taylor, both 
born at Mount \>rnon, whence they came to Tecumseh, Mich., 
about 1876. Here Mr. Taylor was identified with the foundry 
business for many years, but he is now living virtually retired, in 
Tecumseh. He was a valiant soldier of the Union during the Civil 
war, and is a valued member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Fisher were born three children, of whom the 
first, Mildred, died in infancy. The two surviving are Marcus, 
born on Dec. 3, 1901, and William Cuyler, born on Dec. 25, 1906. 
Mrs. Fisher is an artist of distinctive talent and fine cultivation, 
having studied both oil and water-color painting under leading- 
artists of Cleveland, Ohio, and Detroit and Grand Rapids, Mich. 
She has been engaged in this line of w^ork from her girlhood days, 
and has attained a reputation of more than local order. She has 
art productions for sale at all times and also gives instructions 
to acceptable students of art. She is prominent in the social life of 
the community and holds membership in the Monday Club and 
the Research Club, of Tecumseh. Her gracious refinement has 
gained to her a wide circle of friends and her home is a center of 
hospitality. 

Maurice W. Farrah, a well-to-do dealer in live stock, was born 
on a farm in Raisin township on Dec. 12. 1862. He is the son of 
Robert and Mary (Wilson) Farrah. who came to Lenawee county 
in the early days. The father was but five years of age when the 
grandfather, Thomas, migrated west and located on land which 
had been recently entered in Raisin township by Clarkson Warner. 
After the grandfather's death the father continued to conduct the 
farm until his demise, wdiich occurred on Aug. 23, 1883. The 
mother, who was born near Leeds, England, now makes her home 
with the subject of this review. Four children were born to the 
parents, three of whom survive. Elizabeth lives in Raisin town- 
ship and Christopher T. is now in charge of the old home farm. 
Maurice W. Farrah received his educational advantages* in the 
district schools in the vicinity of his home, and from the time he 
was nineteen years of age until 1893 was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. In the last named year he removed to Adrian and has 
since devoted himself to dealing in livestock, purchasing from the 
farmers in the vicinity of the city and shipping to packing houses 



I20 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

and markets in Buffalo and elsewhere. In this business, in which 
he has been eminently successful, he is in partnership with J. W. 
Stevenson, and still maintains a financial interest in the home farm. 
Although he has ever given unswerving allegiance to the men and 
measures of the Democratic party he has never been an aspirant 
for public office of any nature. His religious nature finds expres- 
sion in attendance with his family upon the services of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. On Jan. 31, 1894, Mr. Farrah was united 
in marriage to Miss Amelia Biehl, the daughter of Lorenzo Biehl, 
of Adrian. Mrs. Farrah was born and educated in Adrian, and 
now has an interest in the Biehl Millinery Store of this city. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Farrah has been born a daughter, Louise Marie. The 
Farrah home is at 73 East Maumee street. 

Charles E. Fogelsong, a prominent merchant of Palmyra, was 
born in Palmyra township on Jan. 17. 1871. His parents, Jacob C. 
and Rebecca (Heckert) Fogelsong. were both born in Preston 
county. West Virginia, on May 27, 1833, and Oct. 12, 1834, respec- 
tively. The paternal grandfather. Peter Fogelsong, lived all but 
the last two years of his life in West Virginia, having come to 
Michigan to reside with his children before his death. The mater- 
nal grandfather Avas John G. Heckert, of whom more extended 
mention is made in the sketch of his son, John W. Heckert. The 
father learned the cooper's trade in his native state and came to 
Michigan in 1870. For a year he lived in Ogden township and 
then purchased forty acres of land in Palmyra township. Instead 
of moving upon the property at once he leased it and for two years 
was employed by the railroad in construction work, among other 
things helping to build the fences along the right of way. When he 
severed his connection with the railroad he began farming opera- 
tions and was thus successfully engaged until the time of his 
death in x\pril, 1904. For eleven years during the time he was 
engaged in farming he was interested in and operated a threshing 
outfit. During his active life he acquired more land, and at the 
time of his death he left his' widow, who is still living on the home- 
stead, eighty acres. Charles E. Fogelsong's educational training 
was limited to the courses afforded by the old Scott school in Pal- 
myra township. At the age of eighteen he started out to earn his 
own living, and shortly afterward had accumulated sufficient funds 
to enable him to purchase twenty-five acres of land in Palmyra 
township. For five years he operated this land while living at 
home with his parents, and then after his marriage was for a vear 
engaged in farming in Palmyra township. At the end of that 
period he returned to the homestead and there remained until 
1899. Having added to his original tract of twenty-five acres and 
improved it, he removed his family to it and continued to be occu- 
pied in its management until after his father's death. During the 
two years immediately following he managed the homestead 
property, and then having disposed of his original farm he removed 
to Palmyra and engaged in the mercantile business. The venture 
proved a success from the start, and today he has one of the best 
appointed stores of the kind in the county, carrying $8,000 worth 



BIOGRAPHICAL 121 

(jf stock. Ilesides his store. Mr. Fogelsong has a fine home and 
an acre of land in I'ahnyra village, and ten acres in Palmyra town- 
ship. Fraternalh' he is jirominently identified with the Independent 
Order of Odd T'ellows. and in politics he espouses the cause of the 
Republican party, but the only office of public trust which he has 
ever held is that of school moderator. His religious nature finds 
expression in attendance upon the services of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, of which his wife is a member. On Dec. 14, 1898, 
occurred the marriage of Mr. Fogelsong and Miss Alice Small, 
born in I'.lissfield on March 21. 1877. the daughter of Martin and 
]\Iariah (Hall) Small. Her father was born in Germany and came 
to iSlissfield. where he established a furniture and undertaking 
establishment, when but nineteen years of age. He is now 
employed in a store in that ])lace. ^Irs. Small died in 1898. Mr. 
and Mrs. Fogelsong have no children of their own. but have adopted 
a son. ricorgc Hmvard. who was born June 22. 1899. 

Charles Sumner Foote, an extensive landowner and apiarist, 
residing in the village of Kidgeway. was born in Seneca county, 
Ohio, Sept. 18, 1857, a son of Joseph White and Alice (Covert) 
Foote. the former a native of Schenectady. X. Y.. and the latter 
of Covert. Seneca county. Ohio. The j^aternal great-grandfather 
was born in Ireland and came early to Xew York, from which state 
he enlisted as a soldier in the Continental army in the Revolu- 
tionary war. The grandfather was likewise born in Ireland, came 
witli his father to the United States, settled hrst in Schenectady, 
X. \'., and later in Seneca county, Ohio, where he died. He was a 
cooper by trade and his son, Jose])h W.. the father of Charles S., 
also followed that occupation until his death, which occurred in 
Seneca county. Ohio. F.dward Covert, a brother of Mr. Foote's 
mother, was a member of a Xew York regiment in the Civil war 
and (lied of wounds received in battle. Charles Sumner Foote 
received his scholastic training in the public and high schools of 
Interlaken, X. Y., and at the age of twenty-three years came to 
Lenawee countv. For some years he leased a farm from his uncle, 
\\'illiani 1 1. Osborne, after which he purchased a farm in Ridgeway 
township, where he followed agricultural pursuits until he became 
the owner of the farm where he now resides. In 1883 Mr. Foote 
began in a small way the culture of bees and he has gradually 
enlarged the business' until he has one of the largest apiaries in 
the state, the honey which he produces being widely known for 
its excellent quality. The farms in Alacon and Ridgeway town- 
ships aggregate 195 acres, the greater part of which is imder culti- 
vation." As an evidence of the" standing and ability of Mr. Foote, 
it is worthy of note that he has been called upon to act as admin- 
istrator for several large estates in the vicinity. In his political 
relations Mr. Foote has always been an enthusiastic Republican 
and his popularity with his neighbors was attested by his election 
to the office of supervisor, which position he filled with signal 
ability during the vears 1893-94. Fraternally he and the members 
of his family are identified with the Order of Gleaners. Mr. and 
IVIrs. Foote both belong to the Methodist Episcopal church, the 



122 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

latter having been a member since she was ten years of age. On 
Feb. 2^, 1883, Mr. Foote was united in marriage to j\liss Mary A., 
daughter of John F. and Mary Jane (Hoagland) Temple. Mrs. 
Foote's father was born at Clybourn, \\'estmoreland county, Eng- 
land, March 9, 1821, and her mother at Ovid, Seneca county. New 
York, yiay 12, 1826. They were married at Ridgeway, Lenawee 
county. Alichigan. Xov. 23, 1852, and became the parents of the 
following children: Thomas H.. born March 18, 1854; Mary Ann 
(]\Irs. Foote), born May 31, 1856; J. Franklin, born Sept. 4, 1858; 
Eunice, born Dec. 28, 1861, died Dec. 9, 1865; Albert, born Jan. 
27, 1866, died April 15. 1900; and Clara, born Oct. 2y. 1869. Three 
children have been born to Air. and Airs. Foote: Samuel R., Alice 
Alarian and John T. The eldest, Samuel R., is in the employ of 
the Union Paper and Twine Company at Detroit ; Alice Marian is 
in her senior year in kindergarten work at the state normal school 
at Lansing, Mich., and John T. is attending the Ridgeway town- 
ship schools. 

W. Irving Ford, proprietor of the enterprising Blissfield Laun- 
dry, was born in Blissfield township on Sept. i, 1864, the son of 
Theodore D. and Mary E. (Stone) Ford. The father was born 
in Pennsylvania on May 5, 1832, and the mother in Canada on 
Aug. 15, 1841. Theodore D. Ford was a blacksmith by vocation, 
having learned the trade at Alonroeville, Ohio, where he went in 
1852. Two years later he removed to Adrian and was there engaged 
as a blacksmith for three years. At the end of that period he pur- 
chased a farm of forty acres in Blissfield township and spent some 
years in improving and clearing it. During a part of the Civil war 
he was a member of the engineering corps of the army, and when 
he was honorably discharged he returned to the farm. He con- 
tinued his residence there until 1906, when he exchanged it for a 
home in Tecumseh, where he now lives. Four children were born 
to the parents: Lillian (Ford) Wells lives in Tecumseh; Alattie 
(Ford) La Bounty lives in Tecumseh township ; and Hal C. Ford, 
who served in a Alichigan regiment during the Spanish-American 
war, is an edge-tool maker in the employ of the Lyon Wire Fence 
Company of Adrian. W. Irving Ford, the subject of this memoir, 
received his earliest educational advantages in the district schools 
of Blissfield township and later attended the West Side High 
School in Blissfield. A\'hen he had completed his scholastic train- 
ing he assisted his father in the conduct of the farm until he was 
twenty-one years of age and then leased a farm in Blissfield town- 
ship, which he successfully conducted for eight years. Between 
the years 1889 and 1891 he conducted a meat busmess at Vicks- 
burg, Mich., and then returned to Blissfield to accept employment 
in the grist mill. In 1892 he again rented the farm which he had 
so successfully conducted before in Blissfield township, and until 
1898 was engaged in agricultural pursuits. Air. Ford then pur- 
chased the laundry business in which he is now engaged and in 
the ten years in which he has been conducting it has developed 
and strengthened the business, making of it one of the most flour- 
ishing concerns in the county. In his political relations he is allied 



BIOGRAPHICAL I23 

with the Republican party, as the successful candidate of which 
he served two years on the village board and is now serving- his 
sixth year as village clerk. Ever since he took up his residence 
in the village he has been a member of its fire department and for 
three years served as a member of the board of education. Frater- 
nally he is prominently identified with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles. On Oct. 15, 1885, was solemnized Mr. Ford's 
marriage to Miss Katie Sidon, who was born in Baden, Germany, 
July 24, 1864, and came to this country with her parents, Philip 
and Anna (Garnhardtj Sidon, in 1876. Mr. Sidon passed away 
in 1888 and his widow now lives in Palmyra township. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Ford three children have been born, namely : Goodsen 
D., born Dec. 30, 1886, graduated from the Blissfield schools in 
1903 and then attended Brown's Business College of Adrian for 
three years; Irva M. Ford, born Aug. 15, 1889, living at home; and 
Henry D., also at home. 

James E. Forsyth, a prosperous lumber and coal merchant of 
Blissfield. Mich., was born in West Virginia, Jan. 16, 1869, the son 
of Alexander and Susan (Sell) Forsyth. His father was a Scotch- 
man, born in Glasgow, and was a sailor for a number of years. 
After his arrival in America in 1849 he was one of the many thou- 
sands who traveled overland to California in the rush for gold. 
He was successful in his prospecting and after acquiring a con- 
siderable fortune returned to West Virginia, w^here he purchased 
a farm of 150 acres. There he engaged in farming from the time 
of his return in 1858 to the time of his demise, which occurred 
in 1886. Mrs. Forsyth passed away in 1872. Three children were 
born to the parents : Alexander A. lives in Riga township ; John H. 
is a resident of Bayard, W. Va. ; and James is the subject of this 
brief, review. The latter was given the benefits of a practical educa- 
tion in the district schools of his native state. Upon the completion 
of his studies he came west and located in Ogden township, where 
he learned the carpenter's trade and followed that vocation for ten 
years. At the expiration of that time he embarked in the lumber 
and coal business in Blissfield, in which line he has since been 
engaged. During the eleven years Mr. Forsyth has been in Bliss- 
field he has built up a substantial and lucrative business as a result 
of his energy, integrity and determination to deal squarely with 
his customers. His political affiliations are with the Republican 
party, of which he is a staunch supporter. Mr. Forsyth is promi- 
nent in fraternal circles in Blissfield, being a member of the Blue 
Lodge of the Masonic order, a member of the Adrian Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, and the Knights of the Maccabees. On Dec. 
30, 1885, Mr. Forsyth was married to Amy D. Mead at Blissfield. 
She is the daughter of Daniel and Ellen (Dwyer) Mead, the former 
a native of Massachusetts and the latter of the Emerald Isle. The 
family of the latter immigrated to the United States many years 
ago and Mr. and Mrs. Mead resided in Blissfield for some years. 
Mr. Mead died in Minnesota in 1890, and his widow now lives with 
Mrs. Forsvth, who was born in Blissfield, June 13, 1872. 



124 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

William H. Frayer, one of the thriving farmers of Ridgeway 
township, was born in Lucas county, Ohio, Jan. 4, 1857, the son 
of Royal F. and Lydia (Jennett) Frayer. The father was born in 
New York and the mother in Ohio. The former came to Michi- 
gan in 1863, locating in Monroe county, where for many years he 
was a carpenter and a farmer. He now makes his home in Deer- 
field. The mother died some years ago. William H. Frayer 
received his scholastic training in the district schools of Monroe 
county, whither his parents had removed when he was but six 
years of age. For some years he followed general farming pur- 
suits, acquiring forty acres of land in Monroe county, upon which 
he built his home. Subsequently he disposed of that property and 
removed to the township of Ridge way. where in 1885 he purchased 
180 acres of land, mostly prairie, much of which had never been 
cultivated. Ever since that year he has devoted himself to clearing 
and improving the tract until now it is known as one of the most 
productive pieces in the community. In 1907 he purchased an 
adjoining forty-acre tract, which makes him a fine farm of 220 
acres. Throughout his career he has kept in touch with the most 
improved methods in agriculture and his practical application of 
modern theories rank him as one of the advanced agriculturists of 
the vicinity. In his political relations Mr. Frayer has been one of 
the foremost figures in the local Democracy, and has served as 
treasurer of the school district for about twenty years. Fraternally 
he is identified with the Deerfield Lodge of the Masonic order. On 
April 14, 1886, Mr. Frayer was united in marriage to Miss Carrie 
C. Cowen, a daughter of Demon and Mary Cowen. pioneers of 
Lenawee county. Ten children have been born to bless this union, 
namely: Xettie. Oscar, Ruby (died at the age of seven j, Albert 
(died at the age of two years), Henry (died in infancy), Walter, 
Martha, Arthur, Lavern and Doris. 

J. Fred Freytag, one of the members of the firm of Tietz & 
Freytag, dealers in groceries and meats in Adrian, was born in that 
city on Dec. 15, 1876, the son of Henry W. and Louise D. (Buehler) 
Freytag. Both parents were born in Germany, the father in Prus- 
sia and the mother in Wurtemburg. The father worked as a 
butcher in the Fatherland and in Xew York city as a cook. After 
his marriage in Xew York he came to Adrian in 1875 and for a 
year earned his livelihood as a cook. In 1876 he started a meat 
market at the corner of Elm and Toledo streets and was continu- 
ously engaged in that business at that place and the place which 
his son now occupies for twenty-five years. His death occurred 
on Xov. 17, 1902, leaving a widow, five daughters and two sons. 
The subject of this review is the eldest child of the family. His 
educational advantages were received in the German schools of the 
city, at which he graduated in 1890. He then entered the employ 
of his father and after he had thoroughly learned the trade, was 
engaged with him until the parent's death. For four years there- 
after he managed the property for the mother and then entered his 
present partnership with Mr. Tietz, purchasing the mother's inter- 
est. The store building is still in the mother's possession and she 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 25 

lives in the house next to it. With his partner .Mr. Freytag is a 
member of the Adrian Industrial Association, in the matter of 
religion he is a devout member of the St. Stephen's German 
Lutheran Church. Mr. Freytag is unmarried and makes his home 
with his mother. 

Nathan Ganun, who is engaged in agricultural pursuits near 
W'ellsxille, I'almyra township, was born in Putnam county, Xew 
York, Sept. 15, 1836, the son of Louis and Mary (Xiffin) Ganun. 
His father was a farmer during his acti\e career and at one time 
represented his township on the county board of supervisors. His 
death occurred in 1886, just ten years after his wife's demise. 
Nathan (ianun's educational advantages were limited to the courses 
afforded by the district schools in the vicinity of his parents' home. 
Until he was sixteen years of age he resided with his parents and 
assisted his father in the management of the home farm. When he 
left home it was to s])end three years as an apprentice in the trade 
of carpenter, and during the three years immediately following 
he worked at that trade as a journeyman. Then he went to Ohio 
and for a time was employed as a teamster. In 1866 he came to 
Lenawee county and purchased four acres of land with a house and 
a barn. Soon afterward he erected a sawmill on the property and 
for nearly two score years was engaged in manufacturing lumber. 
When he first entered the business he hired a man to manage the 
mill, but the fellow proved incompetent and Mr. Ganun took up 
the witrk himself. Jn 1904, after the supply of timber had become 
exhausted, he razed the mill, and has since devoted himself to 
agricultural pursuits. One of his cherished mementos is a photo- 
grai)h of the mill taken while the last log was being hauled to it. 
As his business increased he purchased additional land, until at 
one time he had 320 acres, but later disposed of portions of it 
until now he has but forty-two acres. In 1880 he erected the com- 
modious and handsome dwelling where he now lives. In the mat- 
ter of politics Mr. (ianun has strong Republican proclivities, but 
is generally independent of party affiliation in the exercise of his 
right of suffrage, casting his vote for the man and measures he 
belicxes will do the best by the commtmity. The only position of 
emolument he has ever held was that of postmaster of W'ellsville, 
an office he retained for thirteen years. On Christmas eve, 1857, 
was celebrated Mr. Ganun's marriage to Miss Jane A. Reynolds, 
born in A\\'stchester county, Xew York, Feb. 16, 1837, the daughter 
of jerre and Jane ( Worden) Reynolds. Mr. Reynolds was in early 
life a shoemaker, but later became an agriculturist. His death 
occurred in 185 1, five years after that of his wife. Four children 
were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Ganun : Frank L., 
born Nov. 13, 1858, is a farmer residing near his father.- He mar- 
ried Miss Carrie S. Dean, and they have ten children, whose names 
and dates of birth follow: Mabel L., July 15, 1883; Lillian M., 
Nov. 12, 1884; Oliver D., March 22, 1886; Elsie B., Aug. i, 1888; 
Bessie A., April 21, 1890; Helen F., June 22,. 1893; Marion E. 
(deceased). Tulv 28, 1895; Mildred (deceased), Jantiary, 1900; 
Cecil L., Aug. 7, 1903 ; and Raymond, Nov. 16, 1906. Addison, the 



126 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

second son of Mr. and Mrs. Ganiin, born March 3, 1861, is a car- 
penter working in Toledo, Ohio. He married Miss Clara Bancroft 
and has three children, namely: William, born Feb. 26, 1881 ; 
Ethel, born Jan. 9, 1883; and Lee. born in October, 1884. Xewman 
J., the third son, born March 7, 1863, is a carpenter in Toledo, Ohio, 
and by his marriage to Miss Ella Jones is the father of four chil- 
dren, namely: Alta H., born July 5, 1888, died Aug. 3, 1907; 
Emery, born July 16, 1892; Helen, born April 3, 1894; and Dorothy, 
born Jan. 21, 1900. Melvina, the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Ganun, born July 7, 1865, is the wife of John F. Craft, a mercantile 
dealer in Tecumseh, Xeb. To them have been born four children : 
Letha M., born Oct. 6, 1895, died May 30, 1902; Lucile, born June 
10, 1898; and Mariem E. and Irma G., twins, born Sept. 18, 1900. 
Edward B. Gibford, the genial proprietor of the Zig-Zag Strop 
Company of Adrian, and well known as a substantial business man 
of this city, was born in Fort Wayne, Ind., on July 24, 1864. He 
is one of the two surviving children born to Abraham and Angeline 
Wallace Porter Gibford, the former of whom was born in Canton, 
Ohio, and the latter in Fort \\'avne. The maternal grandfather 
removed to Fort Wayne from New York state in 1833 and was a 
pioneer of that section. Abraham Gibford located in Fort Wayne 
before the breaking out of the Civil war, and up to the time of his 
demise, which occurred in 18B8. was a leading dry goods merchant 
of that city. His widow is still a respected resident of Fort Wayne. 
Harry A\\ Gibford. the only other surviving child l^eside the subject 
of this review, is now engaged in mining in the state of Washing- 
ton. After completing his scholastic training in the Fort Wayne 
schools, Edward B. Gibford started his business career as a travel- 
ing representative for a hardware firm. This occupation was his 
means of livelihood until 1893, and in that year he came to Adrian. 
AVith the aid of local capital he organized the Gibford Manufac- 
turing Company, makers of razor strops, and the factory was the 
largest in the country. In 1906 the firm was reorganized and 
became known as the Gibford-Weififenbach Company, but the part- 
nership continued only until Alarch, 1908, when Mr. Gibford dis- 
posed of his interest in the concern. He at once set about organiz- 
ing the Zig-Zag Strop Company, and, although the business has 
been started but a short time it is alread}' on a paying basis, a 
success which has been contributed to in a large measure by Mr. 
Gibford's personal popularity, his thorough knowledge of the busi- 
ness and his absolute integrity. The peculiarity of the manufacture 
of Mr. Gibford's strops is in the finishing, a method which is wholly 
his own. The leather used is calf-skin and horse-hide, and although 
there are forty-one different styles manufactured, they are all of 
the best quality. Politically Mr. Gibford adheres to the tenets of 
the Republican party, but despite the earnest solicitation of his 
many friends, he has always refused to become a candidate for 
public office. His fraternal relations are with the Knights Templar 
of the Free and Accepted Masons, and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. On Sept. 15, 1893, Mr. Gibford was united 
in marriage to Miss Jessie Louise Walker, a daughter of the late 



BIOGRAI'HICAL 12J 

Charles M. Walker, of Adrian. Mr. Walker was for many years one 
of the prominent men and a leading attorney of Adrian, and was 
born in Farmington. Oakland county. Michigan. Sept. 24. 1834. 
His grandfather, Solomon Walker, was a shrewd Xew llamjjshire 
business man who later became «»ne of the pioneers of Oakland 
county. The father, IClihu Walker, was an exceptionally able man, 
and was a brother of the Hon. James Walker, of Chicago, who in 
his day had few equals as an attorney and railroad man. Charles 
M. was but three years of age when his father removed to Lapeer, 
Mich., and his early educatifjnal training was limited to the courses 
afforded by the schools of that vicinity. When but fifteen years 
of age he began service as an ajjprentice to a tinner, but the labor 
was not C(jngenial and he gave it up. After three vears of study 
at Oberlin College, he returned to Lapeer and entered the lavv 
office of Col. J. R. White, one of the leading attorneys of his dav. 
He devoted himself to the study of law. earning his'livelihood In- 
doing coj)ying work for X. li. I-'Idredgc. the probate judge of Lajjeer 
county. As soon as he was admitted to practice he formed a jiart- 
nership with Mr. ICldredge for the practice of \a.\v, and the following 
fall was honored with the election to the office of prosecuting attor- 
ney. Two years later he was re-elected and his term in the office 
redounded cpiite as much to the credit of the people (jf the country 
in electing liim as to his own. When the dark cloud of the war 
darkened the horizon of national union he answered the call of 
President Lincoln for \-olunteers and was made first lieutenant in 
the company of the Seventh Michigan infantry of which X. B. 
Kldredge was captain, and also served as quartermaster of the regi- 
ment. .After a year t)r more of service he was appointed provost 
marshal of the l^'ifth Michigan Congressional district and returned 
to his native state to assume the duties of that office. The labors 
were not congenial, however, as he felt he could serve his country 
to better advantage in the army, so he resigned and returned to 
active service in the field as volunteer aide to Gen. George A. 
Custer. This was the beginning of a lifelong friendship between 
Mr. \\'alkcr and the famous Michigan cavalry leader. He was with 
the General in several of the heaviest engagements of the war, and 
was near to capture twice because of his indifterent horsemanship. 
He always held General Custer in the highest regard, both as a 
military genius and as a literar\- man and never was he able to 
forgive General Grant "for his shabby treatment of General Custer 
after he gave his testimony upon the conduct of the post traders." 
^^'hen the news of the fight at Little Big Horn reached Adrian and 
he learned of Custer's death, he wept like a child. General Custer 
was anxious to have ]\Ir. AX'alker appointed captain of the com- 
missaries, and applied to the president to offer him such commis- 
sion. The commission was duly received after Mr. Walker reached 
Adrian, accompanied by a note from the General urging his accept- 
ance. It was an unusual tribute to his ability and offered vast 
opportunities to a man but thirty years of age ; but he declined to 
accept, saying in his refusal. "I would not like army life in time 
of peace, and I love home too well to surrender it for position or 



128 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

money." After the cessation of the hostiHties Mr. Walker, with 
his former law partner, removed to Adrian and resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession. Today he is remembered as a lawyer of 
exceptional ability, who would do everything reasonable in his 
power for his clientele, but was never known to use unfair means 
to influence witness, court or jury. He never held any other office 
than that of prosecuting attorney, believing that to do well in his 
profession he must devote his whole time to it. All his leisure time 
he spent in company with his family. Mr. Walker was married 
June 21, 1857, to Miss Charlotte J. Hodgson, a cultured lady of 
Lapeer. On Oct. 27, 1878, at Adrian, occurred Mr. AValker's death, 
which was a distinct loss to the whole community. Mrs. Gibford 
graduated at the Adrian High School and was married and now 
lives in the same house in which she was born. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Gibford was born on Sept. 4, 1899, ^ son, Charles Walker Gibford. 

Garland R. Gillespie, a prominent attorney-at-law of Tecum- 
seh, was born in Raisin township, Lenawee county, Aug 29, 1872, 
the son of Richard B. Gillespie, a sketch of whom appears else- 
where in this volume. His early educational advantages were 
those afiforded by the common schools and the high school at Te- 
cumseh. After graduating at the latter institution he matriculated 
in the college of law in the University of Michigan. The regents 
of the university granted him the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 
1895, and he immediately began the practice of his profession in 
Clinton. He was there successfully engaged until 1899, when de- 
siring a broader field in which to devote his energies, he removed 
to Tecumseh, and since that time has been lucratively occupied. 
Mr. Gillespie does not belong to any of the organized political 
parties, but has strong Democratic proclivities. His religious sen- 
timents find expression in attendance upon the services of the 
Presbyterian church. Fraternally he is allied with Tecumseh 
Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons, and the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. On Aug. 30, 1901, was solemnized his 
marriage to Miss Frances Snell. a daughter of P. C. and Ida Snell, 
of Tecumseh. Three children, Arlene, Geraldine and Frances, have 
been born to bless this union. Mr. Gillespie has a host of friends 
who predict him a brilliant future in his chosen profession. 

Thomas Gimbert, a foremost figure in the commercial life of 
Adrian, was born in Cambridgeshire, England, close to the city 
of Cambridge, June 29, 1852, the son of Francis and Sarah (Page) 
Gimbert, both of whom were born and reared in England. When 
Thomas was only eighteen months old his parents determined to 
take advantage of the many opportunities ofifered in the New 
World and sailed for America. After spending three months on a 
sailing vessel they landed in New York in 1853 ^"^1 came direct to 
Adrian. The father was not a skilled laborer. He worked at 
different occupations for some time and was janitor of the schools' 
for several years. Some time in the early '60s he established him- 
self in the lime business, not being the man content to remain the 
paid employe of another any great length of time. In 1873 Thomas 
was taken into the business, and his father retired from active 



niOGRAPHICAL I29 

participation in it some years before his death in 1897. ''i^ ^vife 
passed away in 1902. Three boys were born to the parents, all 
of whom are still living — William, a resident of Adrian ; John of 
Denora, Pa., and Thomas uf this review. All were born in Eni^- 
land, but they received their educational training in the public 
schools of Adrian. W illiam enlisted as a private in the Fourth 
Michigan infantry and served his country throughout the Rebel- 
lion. Thomas Gimbert started in business at the site of his present 
establishment, which he built and owns. In 1873 he saw an opening 
in the building suj^ply line, his idea being to supply all the materials 
needed in building at one place. He began in a small way, buying 
all necessary building supplies such as lime, which his father had 
handled for some time, hair, cement, plaster and other allied com- 
modities. Great changes, and it may be fairly be said, revolution, 
has come in the building suj^ply line in recent years. Hair for 
plaster has nearly been done away with, and other and better 
material — that of wood l)ulj) — substituted, which makes an artistic 
wall llnish, firm and strong, not destructible by having nails driven 
in it. Mr. (iimbert is the general agent for this plaster in Adrian 
and also for the Sackett jjlaster board, which is used instead of lath. 
In addition, he is an extensixc dealer in lime, cement, plaster and 
hard wall ])lasters. Within the last few years, cement blocks have 
almost replaced field and building stone, and Mr. Gimbert is also 
a pioneer in the cement block business, which is a specialty with 
him. In the manufacture of the blocks he uses the well-known 
and proved Ideal Cement Block machine, which is considered one 
of the best makes, as the blocks are moulded face down, giving a 
richer face sm-face. The result of this is i)ractically waterproof 
blocks on the outer face. Mr. Gimbert has built a fine cement 
house at 2 Spring street, and scores of the foundation walls in 
-Adrian have been built of cement blocks of his manufacture. He 
is also the agent for several other commodities and sells large 
quantities of supj^lies to the farmers of the surrounding country. 
Air. Gimbert has offices and ware rooms on what is known as Fish 
alley in the rear of 2^ South Main street, where he has general 
supervision of all branches of his business. In ])olitics he is a 
staunch supporter of the principles of the Republican party and 
is prominent in fraternal circles, being a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Eagles. ' Mr. Gimbert has never married and 
resides with his brother \\"illiam, who has a beautiful home at 18 
Allis street. 

William Gimbert, who is living retired in Adrian after a life 
devoted to successful business, was born in Cambridgeshire, Eng- 
land, on Xov. 27, 1845, the son of Francis Gimbert, who is men- 
tioned more particularly in the memoir of Thomas Gimbert else- 
where in this volume. He came to the United States about 1853 
with his parents and received his educational advantages in the 
public schools of this countr3^ At the outbreak of the Civil war 
he enlisted as a private in a regiment of Michigan infantry and was 
actively engaged about a year. At the end of that time his health 
became impaired, and when he had spent some months in Hospital 

9-2 v 



130 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

No. 2 at Xashville. and the Brown Hospital at Louisville, Ky., he 
received an honorable discharge from the service. When he had 
sufficiently recuperated he learned the tinner's trade of Wilcox 
Brothers, and was thus actively engaged for a number of years. 
Mr. Gimbert then returned to England and spent some time and 
when he returned to America he first located in Toledo, Ohio, 
where he worked at his trade for about two and a half years, and in 
July 1872, he located in Cleveland, Ohio, where for thirty years he 
made his residence and worked at his vocation. Twenty years of 
the time he was a member of a firm engaged in sheet metal and slate 
roofing, the name of the concern being first T. J. Towson & Com- 
pany and later Towson & Gimbert. In April, 1902, he resigned 
from active participation in business affairs to enjoy a well earned 
respite from daily toil and three months later moved to Adrian, 
where he has been living quietly retired since. Early in the year 
of his retirement he took an extensive trip through the ^^'est, chiefly 
in California. He is the owner of considerable valuable realty in 
Adrian, having erected the house in which he now resides, and also 
owns valuable property in Cleveland. In politics Mr. Gimbert 
espouses the Republican cause, but has never been an aspirant for 
public ofiice of any nature. In a fraternal way he is prominent in 
the Masonic order, having taken the rites of the thirty-second 
degree, and is allied with Woodbury Post of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. On Sept. 27, 1888, Mr. Gimbert was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mar\^ Heather, a daughter of Fred and Lena Heather, 
and a native of Germany. Mrs. Gimbert came to the United 
States with a sister when seventeen years of age, and her mother, 
who died in Cleveland in January, 1908, came to this country after 
the death of her husband. Mr. and Mrs. Gimbert have no children. 
Their home at 18 Allis street is one of the most beautiful in the 
city. 

David M. Gibson, a prominent real estate man of Deerfield, 
Mich., was born in County Antrim, Ireland, Oct. 5, 1867. His 
parents, Samuel and Mary (Darah) Gibson, were both natives of the 
Emerald Isle and came to this country in 1879 ^o settle on a farm 
in Britton village, Lenawee county. The father died in the year 
1903, and the mother on July 3, 1904. They had eleven children : 
Alexander now lives in San Francisco, Cal. ; John is residing at 
Marion, Mich.; Samuel. and James are residents of this county; 
Francis is a farmer near Britton ; Jane (Gibson) Exelby died Oct. 
23, 1908; Anna L. (Gibson) Underwood is living in Macon, this 
county; William is also a resident of Macon; Margretta (Gibson) 
Curtis died Dec. 8, 1897; ^"^ Robert died in infancy. David is the 
subject of this sketch. The last named received the rudiments 
of his education in the schools at Britton. He then pursued a 
course in the Hudson Business College at Hudson, Mich., which 
he supplemented with a term at the Davis Business College at 
Toledo. After the passing of his school days he embarked in the 
mercantile business at Sparta, Mich., and was thus engaged for 
three years. He then entered the employ of the Herald & Burch 
Shoe Company of Grand Rapids, Mich., in the capacity of travel- 



BIOGRAPHICAL I3I 

ing salesman. Wisconsin was his territory and after three suc- 
cessful years of life "on the road" he purchased a general store 
at Palmyra, Mich., in which business he was engaged for about two 
and a half years. Retiring from the mercantile business he entered 
the real estate industry in Deerfield and has now been actively 
engaged in that line for some three years. Politically he is a 
staunch Repu])lican and for the past year he has been president 
of the village board. Fraternally A^r. Gibson is affiliated with the 
Masonic order, being a member of Tracy Lodge, Xo. 167, Free 
and Accepted Masons of Deerfield. The family is closely associ- 
ated with the atYairs of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which 
they are members. On June 14, 1899, ^^ Macon, Mich., Mr. Gibson 
was united in marriage to Miss Jennie E. Underwood, daughter 
of Charles and Jane (Exelby) Underwood. She was a native of 
Ridgeway township, born Nov. 19, 1870, and passed to the great 
beyond on Se])t. 10, 1902. On June 22, 1904, the subject of this 
sketch was united in marriage with Miss Maude L. Cannon, a 
cultured young lady of this township and the daughter of James 
H. and Eliza (Cohin) Cannon. Mr. Cannon, a native of England, 
was born Sept. 21. 1845, ^"^ ^'^^ April 13, 1907. He was very 
actively engaged in the real estate business in and about this county 
for many years and left an extensive estate, in connection with 
which it has devolved upon Mr. Gibson to attend to the many 
intricate business matters. Mrs. Gibson was born in Deerfield 
township, Jan. 20, 1883. and received her elementary education in 
the schools of that place. After graduating there in the year 1900 
she entered Albion College at Albion, ]\Iich., where she was an 
assiduous student for two years. She then supplemented this 
acquisition of culture by pursuing a course in science at Adrian 
College. Mrs. Gibson was always very affectionately attached to 
her beloved sister, Miss Mabel J. Cannon, who was born on April 
6, 1874. She, too, was a woman of culture, being a graduate of 
Albion College and a teacher in this county for three years after 
her graduation. She then went to sunny California and for one 
brief year she again generously sought to impart her culture to 
others. But Fate had "destined that she should be called away from 
those she loved, and on June 29, 1901, she passed into that peaceful 
slumber which knows no earthly waking. Mr. Gibson has two chil- 
dren — Jane Glendora, by his first marriage, was born at Sparta, 
March 10, 1900; and Frances Mabel, by his second marriage, born at 
Deerfield, Jan. 19, 1907. IMr. and Mrs. Gibson and family reside 
in their commodious residence in the village of Deerfield. 

Freeman H. Gove. — Two and one-half miles west of the thriv- 
ing village of Tecumseh. and in the township of the same name, is 
located the attractive and valuable farm of which Mr. Gove is the 
owner and occupant and he is to be considered as one of the repre- 
sentative agriculturists and substantial citizens of the county in 
which he was born. The Gove family was founded in America 
about the middle of the seventeenth century and is of staunch 
English lineage. The original progenitors in the New World were 
John and Sarah Gove, who were born in London, England, about 



132 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

1604, and immigrated to America between 1647 ^"^ 1650. Free- 
man H> Gove was born in Adrian township, Lenawee county, 
Alichigan, Sept. 15, 1856, and is a son of Hiram and ]\Iary Melissa 
(Williams) Gove, the former born in Massachusetts, Sept. 15, 1820, 
and the latter in the state of Xew York, June 4, 1823. Hiram Gove 
was a son of Nathan and Almira (Whipple) (jOve, both natives of 
Massachusetts, the former born Jan. 19, 1785, and the latter on 
Dec. 26, 1804. When Hiram Gove was a child he was "bound out,"' 
as the expression then obtained, to \\"illiam H. Howland, of North 
Adams, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, and when fourteen years 
of age he came to Lenawee county, Alichigan, where he lived in the 
home of Robert Aylesworth, of Adrian township, until he had 
attained to his legal majorit}'. He eventually became one of the 
successful farmers and influential citizens of that township, and 
on his old homestead, which comprised no acres, the Adrian 
Grange hall is now located. He had a capital of but $100 when he 
initiated his independent career at the age of twenty-one years, 
and he won the boon of independence and the goal of worthy suc- 
cess through his own efforts and ability. He was a Republican 
in politics and served for several years as constable in his town- 
ship. He was reared in the simple faith of the Society of Friends, 
commonly called Quakers, and his wife was a member of the Bap- 
tist church. The latter was a daughter of Morgan Williams, who 
came to Lenawee county in 183 1, and the maiden name of whose 
Avife was Piatt. Hiram Gove died in 1868 and his wife survived 
him by nearly forty years, as her death occurred on March 18, 
1906. Of their six children, four are living. Freeman H. Gove, 
the immediate subject of this sketch, was reared to maturity on 
the old homestead farm in Adrian township, and his early educa- 
tional advantages were those oft'ered by the public schools of the 
county. As a youth he passed five years in the state of Massa- 
chusetts, and was later a resident of Colorado for six years, being 
engaged in various pursuits during these intervals. He finally 
returned to his native county, where in 1896 he purchased a farm 
of eighty acres in Tecumseh township. To this he has since added 
a contiguous sixty acres, so that he now has a fine farm of 140 
acres, practically all of which is available for cultivation and devoted 
to diversified agriculture. He also gives considerable attention 
to the raising of high grade live stock, and is recognized as an able 
business man, progressive in his ideas and operations. He pays 
allegiance to the Democratic party and takes a lively interest in 
local affairs of a public nature, though never an aspirant for office. 
He is affiliated with the Tecumseh Tent, Knights of the Modern 
Maccabees, and he and his wife hold membership in the Baptist 
church in Tecumseh. Their attractive home is notable for its 
hospitality and good cheer, and they have a wide circle of loyal 
friends. On March 30, 1892, Mr. Gove was united in marriage 
to Miss Nettie Dove, born in Tecumseh township, this county, 
Feb. 25, 1871, a daughter of Benjamin E. and Diantha (Stacy) 
Dove, the former born in England and the latter in Tecumseh town- 
ship, a daughter of George. W. Stacy, a well known pioneer of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 33 

Lenawee county. Mr. and Mrs. Gove have four sons, whose names 
and respective dates of birth are as here noted : Irving W., April 
10, 1895; Harold D., Dec. 22, 1897; Garland R., Dec. 11, 1899; and 
Ernest F., May 8, 1901. 

Orson D. Griffith is one of the venerable and honored pioneer 
citizens of Lenawee county, which has been his home from his 
boyhood days, and he is now the oldest resident to have lived con- 
tinuously in Seneca township since the Territorial epoch in the his- 
tory of Michigan. Though he is now^ living retired from active 
labors, he is well preserved in both mental and physical faculties 
and finds much of pleasure in according a general supervision to 
the fine little farm which has so long been his place of abode. 
He is enjoying that peace and contentment w^hich should ever be 
the concomitants of old age, and rests secure in the confidence 
and high regard of the community in which he has lived and 
labored to goodly ends. Mr. Griffith was born in Amherst, Lorain 
county, Ohio. Oct. 19, 1826, and is a son of Abner and Mary E. 
(Ferguson) Griffith, both natives of Canandaigua county. New 
York, where the former was born March 9, 1793. and the latter in 
April, 1802. Their marriage was solemnized in the old Empire 
State, whence they removed to Ohio in the early '20s, there remain- 
ing until 1833, when they came to ^Michigan and numbered them- 
selves among the pioneers of Lenawee county, which was then 
sparsely settled and to a large extent covered by the virgin forest. 
In Seneca township Abner Griffith secured eighty acres of govern- 
ment land, upon which he made a clearing and erected his primi- 
tive log house, which continued to be the family domicile for a 
number of years. He remained on this farm, much of which he 
reclaimed, for a period of thirty years, and then removed to Medina 
township, where he owned a farm of 120 acres. On the latter home- 
stead his death occurred 'Slay 13. 1859; his wife passed away in 
June, 1838. This sterling pioneer couple became the parents of 
eight children, of whom only two are now living — Orson D., sub- 
ject of this review, who was the third child; and George, who was 
the sixth in order of birth, and who is now a retired farmer of 
Clinton county. Michigan. The names of the other children Avere 
as follows: Phoebe J.. Patterson, Samuel, Louisa, Alonzo, and 
Ayres. The honored father was a loyal soldier in the War of 
18 12, in which he served as a private in a New York regiment, and 
his political support was given to the Democratic party. Both he 
and his wife were attendants of the Baptist church. Orson D. , 
Griffith was a lad of seven years at the time when the family took 
up their residence in Lenawee county, and his memory links in an 
indissoluble chain the scenes and incidents of the early pioneer era 
and the present days of advanced civilization and opulent pros- 
perity in this favored section of the Wolverine commonwealth. 
His early educational privileges were such as w^ere afforded in 
the somewhat primitive schools of the locality and period, and he 
soon began to assist in the arduous work of clearing land and other- 
wise aiding in the development and cultivation of the home farrn. 
He continued to be identified with the w^ork and management of his 



134 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

father's farm until he attained to the age of twenty-eight years, 
when he purchased a farm of lOO acres, in section 19, Seneca town- 
ship, where he has ever since maintained his home and where he 
is now Hving virtually retired, after many years of "ceaseless 
toil and endeavor." Much of this homestead was reclaimed from 
the forest by him, and he erected all of the buildings which now 
make the homestead one of the fine farms of this section of the 
county. His farm is devoted to diversified agriculture and to the 
raising of excellent grades of live stock, while a specialty is made 
of the dairy department. In his political allegiance Mr. Griffith 
has always been found aligned as a supporter of the principles and 
policies of the Democratic party, and he has shown a lively interest 
in public afifairs, especially those of a public nature. He served 
one term as treasurer of Seneca township and was a director of 
his school district for several years. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Baptist church, and he is affiliated with the Grange 
and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On Jan. 3, 1854, was 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. Griffith to Miss Cordera Spear, 
who was born and reared in this county and who is a daughter of 
Stephen P. and Lucinda (Powell) Spear, both natives of Palmyra 
county. New York, whence they came to Michigan and located in 
Lenawee county in 1832. Mr. Spear, who is mentioned more at 
length on another page of this volume, in the sketch of his son, 
Clinton L. Spear, spent the last years of his life in Seneca town- 
ship, where his death occurred in 1886. His wife died April 15, 
1891, at a venerable age, and both had exemplified in their daily 
lives the faith which they professed, that of the Baptist church, in 
which he was a deacon for many years. Mr. Spear was a soldier in 
the Black Hawk Indian war. and in his political proclivities was 
a staunch Democrat. Mr. and Mrs. Griffith became the parents of 
two children, neither of whom is living. On Oct. i, 1881, Mr. 
Griffith owned and platted the ground which is now North Morenci, 
but which in the early days was called Griffith. 

George Grinnell, a native of Lenawee county and one of the 
progressive farmers of Palmyra township, was born on the farm 
where he now resides, Aug. 30, 1840. He is the son of Spencer and 
Charity (Maloney) Grinnell, both of whom were born near 
Rochester, N. Y. The father was a genius in many ways, and was 
variously engaged as a shoemaker, blacksmith, and in other mechan- 
ical occupations before coming west to Michigan in the early '30s. 
He settled first in Palmyra village, but subsequently disposed of 
his interests there and purchased the farm which his son now owns. 
At that time the property was totally unimproved, and he spent 
the balance of his life in making it a highly productive farm. His 
death occurred in 1876, some three years after that of his wiie. 
George Grinnell's educational advantages were limited to the 
courses afforded by the district schools. He remained in the pa- 
rental home until he was twenty years of age, and then went to 
Palmyra village, where for a year he was employed in the grist 
mill. When he severed his connection with the milling concern he 
returned to his father's home and that winter was engaged in haul- 



P.IOGRArHICAL I35 

ing wood to Adrian with an ox team. Following that he w'orked 
as a farm hand for two or three vears, and then, havin"- in the 
meantime mastered the carpenter's trade, engaged in that vocation. 
For se\cral years he was thus occupied, part of the time as a bridge 
carpenter on the Chicago & Great Eastern railway, and from April 
to August, 1864. was employed by the government in repairing the 
damage done to the railways in the South by the Union and Con- 
federate armies. Upon his return to Lenawee county he w^orked 
for others until 1866, when he purchased tw^enty-five acres of land, 
partially imjn-oved, and on Dec. 22, 1867. purchased the bal- 
ance of the forty acres. This property he cleared, im- 
proved, and made it a highly productive piece of land. 
He continued to reside there until 1879, when, having purchased 
from the other heirs their interest in the father's estate, he removed 
to the old homestead. This has been his home ever since with the 
exception of the three }^ears following 1898, in the spring of which 
year he removed to Adrian. Since his return to the farm he has 
devoted himself exclusively to agricultural pursuits, in which he 
has made an eminent success. For twelve years he was success- 
fully engaged in dealing in live stock, from which industry he 
derived a goodly income. He has now 120 acres of land, well im- 
proved and cultivated to the highest point of efficiency, and 
recently built a large and commodious barn, 106 by ^2 feet in size. 
For the past few years he has lived retired, his son. Pearl, assum- 
ing the active management of the farm. In a fraternal and social 
way Mr. Grinnell is allied with the Fairfield Lodge of Masons and 
the Palmyra Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star, the Blissfield 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Palmyra 
branch of the State (jrange. I'olitically he gives staunch support 
to the men and measures of the Democratic party, but has never 
sought ])ublic office. Mr. Grinnell has been twice married. On 
March 8, 1868, was solemnized his union to Miss Melvina C. 
French, born Feb. 2, 1844, the daughter of John and Hannah 
French. To this union was born, Xov. 13, 1869, a daughter, Edith 
Lenore, who died Dec. 16, 1889. Mrs. Grinnell passed away Aug. 
10, 1870, and March 15, 1874, Mr. Grinnell married Miss Elmyra 
Granger, who was born in New York state, Aug. 17, 1844. Four 
children w^ere the issue of this second union : Otho Lavern, the 
eldest, born Dec. 25, 1874, died Aug. 16, 1890; Almond Pearl, born 
Jan. 15. 1877, "'^'^^' lives with his father and conducts the farm. He 
married Miss Lillian Angell, who died Oct. 31, 1904, leaving three 
children, namely: Forest Lynn, Goldie Willetta and Elsie. Ella 
Leone, the third child, born July 27, 1878. lives wnth her father, as 
does Ethel iUanche, the youngest, born Jan. 8, 1881. The mother 
of these children took the long journey Feb. 25, 1901. 

G. William Gust is numbered among the progressive business 
men and representative citizens of the thriving village of Morenci, 
where he is engaged in the hardware trade and where he conducts 
a successful enterprise in the handling of heavy and shelf hardware, 
stoves, ranges, etc., as well as coal, cement and building materials. 
He also does a general heating and plumbing business. Mr. Gust 



136 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

finds a due measure of satisfaction in reverting to the old Buckeye 
State as the place of his nativity, and, in connection, it may be 
recalled that in one of his characteristic speeches Senator Chauncey 
M. Depew made the following amusing paraphrase of a familiar 
quotation: "Some men are born great, some achieve greatness 
and some are born in Ohio." Mr. Gust was born at Castalia, Erie 
county, Ohio, April 17, 1859, and is a son of Peter and Elizabeth 
(Hoffman) Gust, both natives of Germany. Peter Gust was reared 
and educated in his Fatherland, and as a young man he severed 
the home ties and set forth to seek his fortunes in America. He 
finally located in Erie county, Ohio, and then moved to Medina 
township, Michigan, where in due course of time he acquired a good 
farm and became one of the substantial agriculturists of that sec- 
tion of the state. He continued to be thus actively engaged in farm- 
ing until about 1898, when he removed with his wife to Morenci, 
Mich., where they have since maintained their home and where he 
is living virtually retired from active business. Peter Gust mani- 
fested his loyalty to the land of his adoption at the time when its 
integrity was jeopardized by armed rebellion, for soon after the 
outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted, in 1861, as a private in Com- 
pany B, Seventy-second Ohio infantry, and he later re-enlisted, at 
the expiration of his original term, and continued in service until 
victory finally crowned the Union arms. He participated in the 
memorable battles of Shiloh and Gettysburg, besides many other 
important engagements marking the progress of the great inter- 
necine conflict, and for a time he was held a captive in Anderson- 
ville prison. He received his honorable discharge at the close of 
the war and he now perpetuates the more pleasing associations of 
his army life by retaining membership in the Grand Army of the 
Republic. He is a Democrat in his political proclivities and he 
holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church. His wife, 
who died Feb. 25, 1909, was also a consistent member of that 
church. G. \\'illiam Gust, the immediate subject of this sketch, 
passed his boyhood days upon the home farm and secured his pre- 
liminary education in the district schools, after which he prose- 
cuted his higher studies for three years in Oak Grove Academy in 
Lenawee county, later, for four years, he attended an academy at 
Fayette, Ohio, and finally continued his studies for two years in 
the State Normal School at Milan, that state. In 1882 he took up 
his residence in Morenci, and here he became a clerk in the hard- 
ware establishment of \\'akefield & Saulsbury. Later the busi- 
ness was purchased by Elias B. Rorick, with whom he remained 
in a clerical capacity for nine years, at the expiration of which, in 
1896, he purchased the stock and business from Mr. Rorick. In 
1905 he bought the coal business of the firm of Miner & Gay, and 
consolidated the same with his original establishment, which he has 
continuously conducted since the year mentioned, and to the facili- 
ties of which he has added materiall}'. His stock has been greath* 
increased and his store is modern in its equipment. His trade 
extends throughout the territory naturally tributary to Morenci 
and is of wide scope and substantial character, having its basis in 



BIOGRAPHICAL 137 

the correct business principles and fair dealing which have ever 
indicated the enterprise under his management. In politics Mr. 
Gust gives an unwavering allegiance to the principles and policies 
for which the Democratic party stands sponsor, and he has been 
given distinctive manifestation of popular confidence and esteem, 
in the various local offices which he has been called upon to fill. 
He served six years as village clerk of Alorenci, was township 
treasurer' for an equal period, was supervisor of the township for 
two years, and has been treasurer of the Morenci board of educa- 
tion for fifteen years. He is essentially public-spirited and mani- 
fests a constant and lively interest in all that makes for the progress 
and material a.nd civic prosperity of his home town. His wife 
holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he is 
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, the Masonic fraternity, and 
the Independent Order of Foresters. He also holds membership in 
the Michigan Hardware Dealers' Association, and the Retail Coal 
Dealers' Association of Michigan and Indiana. On Feb. 12, 1884, 
Mr. Gust was united in marriage to Miss Hattie A. Rockwell, who 
was born in Niagara county, Xew York, a daughter of Solomon H. 
Rockwell, who was for many years a manufacturer of pumps in 
New York state, where both he and his wife were born and where 
his death occurred in 1902, his wife surviving him. At the time 
of his death he was engaged in farming, and his widow still resides 
in Niagara county. Mr. and Mrs. Gust have two children — Carl W., 
who is engaged in the practice of law in the state of Oklahoma; and 
Rockwell, who is employed in his father's hardware establishment. 
Willis Hall, one of the prominent citizens of Blissfield town- 
ship, was born in the house where he now resides on March 7, 
1865, the son of George and Emily (Munson) Hall. His father 
was born in Massachusetts on March 12, 1833. 1" ^" early day 
the parents came to Michigan and located on the farm where the 
subject of this sketch now resides. Here the father, after having 
led a useful and industrious career, passed away on Dec. 31, 1899. 
His widow still resides in the village of Blissfield. Ten children 
were born to the parents : George C. resides in Adrian ; Carrie 
(Hall) Aten lives in Blissfield township; Etta died in Blissfield 
in 1902; Elizabeth (Hall) Goodrich resides in the village of Deer- 
field; Emma (Hall) Colyer. deceased; Jennie (Hall) Duncan 
resides in Toledo, Ohio; Willis is the subject of this sketch; Mertie 
E. (Hall) Smith, residing in Deerfield township; Frank died in his 
early youth; and Lillian (Hall) Lane resides in the village of Bliss- 
field. ^^'illis Hall was educated in the public schools of his native 
township, and after he had completed his early education he assisted 
his parents about the homestead. In 1900 he went into the employ 
of the McCormick Harvester Company in the capacity of traveling 
salesman, his territory including the southern part of Michigan 
and the northern part of Ohio. He continued to make the old 
homestead his place of residence and made a practice of returning 
to the farm on Sundays for the purpose of overseeing the general 
farmwork which was in the hands of the hired help. He severed 
his connection with the harvester company in 1905 and returned 



138 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

to the farm, where he has since looked after home matters. Mr. 
Hall has developed a dairy business and possesses a fine herd of 
Guernsey 'Cattle, which in the point of quality is "second to none" 
in Lenawee county. In fact, the herd is composed of thirty cattle of 
as fine a species as one could hope to find in the state — a fact wdiich 
would undoubtedly be emphasized by an examination of Mr. Hall's 
dairy receipts for the last few years. In addition to directing afifairs 
on his broad and fertile acres the subject of this sketch has for the 
past two years been the local representative for the Farmer's 
Handy Wagon Silo Company. His farm is admirably equipped 
in regard to modern rural conveniences. In addition to two large 
and roomy silos, he enjoys the use of two spacious and comfortable 
barns and has just built a commodious addition to his large cow 
barn. That he is a modern dairyman is further evidenced by the 
fact that he has on his place that greatest blessing of one engaged 
in his calling — a modern cream separator. This is operated by the 
employment of a gasoline engine, which source of motive power 
is also used to operate his pump, so that the presence of water in 
the tanks on his place is not dependent on the varying forces of the 
unreliable winds. Mr. Hall was married to Miss Myrtel Miller, 
daughter of Stephen and Sophia Miller, of his native township, on 
March i, 1882. His second wife was Miss Hortense Fall, a daughter 
of Clifton and Clista Fall, and a native of Ohio, whom he wedded at 
Petersburg, Monroe county, Michigan, in December, 1885. ^^^^ this 
mutual sharings of the joys and the sorrows of life were destined to 
be of but short duration, for Mrs. Hall passed away April 28, 1888. 
On Nov. 28 of that year he was joined in matrimonial union to 
Luella L. Luce, daughter of Charles B. and Elizabeth Luce, resi- 
dents of Raisin township, although Mrs. Hall was born in Palmyra 
township on Feb. 20, 1870, and was reared and educated in Raisin 
township. Five children have blessed this union : Prudence L., 
born Sept. 15, 1889; Lawrence B., born March 20, 1891 ; Russel A., 
born Aug. 30, 1893; Marian M., born Feb. 13, 1898; and Gladys W., 
born June 13, 1901, all residing at home except Prudence L., who 
is taking a course of training in Toledo, Ohio, to become a trained 
nurse. Mrs. Hall is a member of the Presbyterian Church. Frater- 
nally Mr. Hall is a Royal Arch Mason, and a member of the Adrian 
Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also 
president of the Guernsey Cattle Breeders' Association, of this 
section of the country, and this is only another manifestation of 
the high esteem in which his scientific knowledge of dairying is 
held by his neighbors. 

Charles J. Haidle, a progressive agriculturist, residing on the 
old Haidle homestead in Deerfield township, was born in Newark, 
N. J., Aug. 20, 1869. The paternal grandfather, Frederich Haidle, 
was born at Baltmansweiler, near Schorndorf, in 1806, and was 
one of three brothers, the others of whom were Adam and Jacob. 
He became the father of two sons — Conrad, the father of Charles 
J., of this review; and John, and he also had one daughter named 
Mary, who became the wife of a Mr. Schreyer, of New York city. 
The paternal grandmother was born in the year 1808 and passed 



BIOGRAPHICAL I39 

away April 15, 1876. Charles J. Haidle's maternal grandfather 
was born in 1799 and was summoned to his reward in March, 1863. 
The maternal grandmother first beheld the light of day Oct. 21, 
1802, and died June 27, 1885. The parents of the subject of this 
review, Conrad and Anna Maria (Haller) Haidle, were both born 
and reared in Germany and received the excellent educational 
training required by the schools of their native land. The father 
was born at Hofengen, near Leonberg, Wurtemburg, Feb. 16, 1830, 
and the mother at Burg, near Cannstadt, Wurtemburg, Jan. 26, 1828. 
Conrad Haidle was employed in a flour mill prior to coming to the 
United States. He landed in this country on July i, 1857, and on 
Oct. 4 of that year he was married at Newark, N. J., where he was 
engaged in the pottery business until 1876. In that year he dis- 
posed of his interests there and came west to Lenawee county, 
Michigan, settling on a farm in Deerfield township, the same prop- 
erty on which his son Charles J. now^ resides, and continued his 
residence there until impaired health necessitated his relinquishing 
active work in 1897, when he removed to Deerfield village, where 
he passed to life eternal Xov. 16. 1907. He was an upright, christian 
gentleman, intensely interested in religious matters, with which he 
kept in touch through the columns of the Christian Advocate, of 
which he was a subscriber for more than fifty years. His widow 
now makes her home with a daughter, Pauline (Haidle) Aten, who 
resides in Jackson, Mich, h'ive children were born to the parents, 
namely: Pauline (Haidle) Aten. the eldest child, who lives at 
Jackson, Mich., as above stated ; William, who is a practicing den- 
tist at Negaunee, Mich., where he has resided since 1898, is a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Uental Examiners, and acquired his pro- 
fessional degree at the University of Michigan in 1892, where he 
was for six years thereafter instructor in prosthetic dentistry and 
dental mechanism ; John, the second son, is a resident of Toledo, 
Ohio, and occupies the responsible position of purchasing agent 
for the Baumgartner Wholesale Dry Goods Company of that place, 
with which he has been associated since 1896; Wilhelmina, who 
was born Oct. 14, 1866, at Newark, and died of congestive chills on 
Aug. 27, 1879, at Deerfield, Mich.; and Charles J., of this sketch, 
the youngest of the children. The last named received his elemen- 
tary education in Newark, N. J., and in the public schools of Deer- 
field, after which he was for three years a student in Albion College 
at Albion, Mich. After having completed the junior year there his 
father's health became impaired and he was obliged to abandon 
his college course and to assume control of the old homestead, of 
which he was in charge for ten years prior to his father's death. 
By employing scientific agricultural methods, the 105 acres which 
compose the farm are cultivated to a high degree of productiveness, 
and on ever}^ side are indications of thrift and prosperity. In his 
religious views Mr. Haidle is allied with the Methodist Episcopal 
congregation at Deerfield, and fraternally with the State Grange. 
On Nov. 10, 1897, he was united in marriage to Miss Jennie M. 
Goodrich, who was born in Blissfield township. Lenawee county, 
March 17. 1866, a daughter of Charles F. and Sarah Jane (Hurlbut) 



140 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Goodrich. Mr. Goodrich was born in Georgia, Vt., June 6, 1829, 
and passed away in Summerfield township, Monroe county, April 
18, 1903, and his good wife, born in Georgia, Vt., Nov. 6, 1832, died 
at the home of her daughter, Jennie M., on Jan. 20, 1908. Five 
children were born of their union, namely: Albert J., living in 
Monroe county, Michigan ; Eugene M., a resident of Deerfield 
village ; Arthur L., a farmer of Deerfield township ; Olive, who died 
at the age of six years ; and Mrs. Haidle. Three children have been 
born to Mr. Haidle and wife, namely: Bernice M., born Sept. 27, 
1898; Norris C., born May 13, 1900; and Frances Marie, born Dec. 
23, 1908. all of whom reside at the parental home, the two eldest 
attending the district schools of the neighborhood. Mr. and Mrs. 
Haidle's pleasant home is noted for its gracious hospitality and is 
often the scene of social events in which both host and hostess 
charmingly entertain their friends. 

Edward P. Hand, of Tecumseh, is a well known business man 
of his native county, where he follows the trade of painting and 
paper-hanging, and he is a representative of one of the honored 
pioneer families of this section of the state. He was born in Tecum- 
seh, April 20, 1852, a son of Edward and Caroline M. (Burnham) 
Hand, the former born in Albany, N. Y., Feb. 15, 1815, and the 
latter at Rome, N. Y., April 30. 1821. Their marriage was sol- 
emnized in the city of Albany, on April 2"], 1837. In 1839 the par- 
ents came to Michigan and took up their residence in Tecumseh, 
which was then scarcely more than a little hamlet in the midst of 
the forest. The father was a cabinet-maker by trade, and to the 
same he devoted his attention during practically his entire active 
career. He found due requisition for his services in the pioneer 
community and eventually built up a business which gave him a 
position of independence. He was a stalwart supporter of the prin- 
ciples and policies of the Republican party, with which he identi- 
fied himself at the time of its organization, but he never sought 
or held public office. He was a citizen of loyalty and one who mer- 
ited and received the high regard of the community in which he 
so long maintained his home. Both he and his wife were communi- 
cants of the Protestant Episcopal Church. His death occurred in 
Tecumseh on Oct. 14, 1886, and his loved and devoted wife survived 
him by a score of years before she was summoned to the life 
eternal on April 14, 1906. They became the parents of five chil- 
dren, all of whom were born in Lenawee county except the eldest. 
Concerning them the following brief record is entered : Nancy M. 
was born at Nassau, N. Y., March 8, 1838; Mary E., born March 4, 
1849, died April 6. 1854; Caroline P. and Edward P., twins, were 
born April 20, 1852, and the former died on Feb. 22, 1898; and 
Howard E. was born on Jan. 23, 1856. Edward P. Hand, the imme- 
diate subject of this sketch, secured his early educational training 
in the public schools of Tecumseh, and after completing a course 
in the high school he learned the trade of furniture finishing under 
the able direction of his father. He devoted his attention to this 
line of work for some time and then became a painter and paper- 
hanger, in which connection he has long held a high reputation and 



BIOGRAPHICAL I4I 

controlled a large and representative business. Though essentially 
loyal to all the duties of citizenship and public spirited in his atti- 
tude, Mr. Hand has had no predilection for the honors or emolu- 
ments of public office. His political allegiance is given to the 
Republican party, and he and his family attend the Protestant 
Episcopal church, in whose faith he was reared and of which he is a 
member by baptism. Mr. Hand has been twice married. On May 
8, 1878, he wedded Miss Bessie Foster, who was born in the city 
of Philadelphia, Pa., July 3, i860, a daughter of George C. Foster, 
who became a resident of Lenawee county. Michigan, in 1875, and 
who now makes his home in Moline, 111. Mr. Foster served 
throughout the Civil war, as a member of a Pennsylvania regi- 
ment, and is a valued member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
To Edward P. and Bessie (Foster) Hand were born two children: 
Anna, born Jan. 8, 1879, was educated in the public schools of 
Tecumseh. including the high school ; Howard Elmer Hand, the 
younger of the two children by the first marriage, was born Oct. 18, 
1881, and after completing the curriculum of the Tecumseh High 
School learned the machinist's trade, to which he has since devoted 
his attention. He is now a resident of St. Louis. Mo. On Feb. 22, 
1900, Mr. Hand was imited in marriage to Mrs. Margaret (McKee- 
han) Brown, widow of William Brown. She was born in the city of 
Boston, Mass., June ii. i860, a daughter of John and Nancy (Don- 
nelly) McKeehan. both natives of Ireland, where the former was 
born Feb. 11. 1826, of Scotch ancestry, and the latter in 1833. Mr. 
McKeehan took up his residence in Boston about the year 1844, 
and there his marriage was solemnized. He and his wife became 
the parents of eight children, of whom four are living. Mrs. McKee- 
han was a child at the time of her parents' immigration to America, 
and the family first located in Canada, whence they later removed 
to the city of Boston. About 1866 the parents, John and Margaret 
Donnelly, came to Lenawee county, Alichigan, and they passed 
the remainder of their lives in this state. John McKeehan was a 
blacksmith and shovelmaker by trade, and about the year 1866 he 
took up his residence in Adrian, where he was engaged in the car 
shops for many years, and here his death occurred in 1893, his wife 
having passed away on Jan. 30. 1889. Mr. Hand has no children 
by his second marriage. 

Daniel B. Harrington, a progressive agriculturist of Ogden 
township, was born in that township on June 24, 1864. He is the 
son of James and Katherine (Bolton) Harrington, the former of 
whom was born in Canada in 1811 and the latter in Pennsylvania 
in 1829. The father, who was a farmer by vocation, came to Michi- 
gan in 1837 and was here married several years later. Two chil- 
dren were born to the parents — Daniel B., of this sketch, and Adie, 
who married William Marshall, of Adrian township, and has three 
children, Hal. in the insurance business in Adrian, Vera and Ells- 
worth. The father was a staunch Republican in politics, a mem- 
ber of the Victorsville United Brethren Church and a prominent 
citizen in the community. His death occurred in 1897 and his 
widow passed away in 1906. Daniel B. Harrington, of this sketch. 



14^2 ' MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

received his educational training at the Victorsville schools and 
the Blissfield High School. Until he was twenty-six years of age 
he worked for his father, and then purchased his present farm of 
seventy-seven acres. Mr. Harrington devotes his particular atten- 
tion to the breeding of swine and winter fattening of cattle, which 
brings him a goodly income. Since taking charge of the place 
he has remodeled the barn and made other important improve- 
ments. In the matter of politics he has been a life-long member 
of the Republican party, and as such has been the recipient of many 
official honors. He has served as town clerk, was justice of the 
peace for ten years, and now is the incumbent of the office of super- 
visor. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows at Blissfield, and the Grange at Victorsville. On May 
31, 1890, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Harrington and Miss 
Mary Engel, daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Staddler) Engel, 
of Palmyra. To this union have been born nine children*: Harold 
is attending the normal school at Blissfield ; Fern and Lillian are 
students in the Blissfield High School ; Margaret, Katherine, Clar- 
ence and Elmer are attending school at Victorsville, and the other 
two, Xorman and Doris, are still infants. 

La Verne C. Harrison, a progressive agriculturist of Franklin 
township, was born is that township on Sept. 15, 1867, the son of 
Luman J. and Mary M. (Gorman) Harrison. The former was 
born in Palmyra, N. Y., Nov. 4, 1833, and the latter in Jackson 
county, jMichigan, Feb. 18, 1840. The father when a young man 
became imbued with the prospects of a fortune in the gold fields 
of California and made his way thither. For a time he worked on 
a farm and was employed in a hotel in that state, and then returned 
in i860 to Ontario, N. Y., and later in that year came to Jackson 
county, Michigan. He was married on Nov. 23 of that year and 
two years later, with the money he had accumulated, he purchased 
a farm in Franklin township, Lenawee county. He was a Demo- 
crat in his politics and an influential citizen. He and his wife were 
the parents of three children, but one of whom survives, the two 
daughters, Jennie and Ruby, are deceased, the former died aged 
two and one-half vears, and the latter aged four months. The 
father's demise occurred on June o.'j,. 1908, and his widow is now 
living in Franklin township. La Verne C. Harrison, to whom this 
review is dedicated, received the limited educational advantages 
afl^orded by the district schools of his native township. AVhen but 
thirteen years of age he hired out to neighboring farmers by the 
day, and thus worked for several years. Later he was engaged 
with his father in the management of the home farm until after 
his marriage, when he assumed charge of a farm of his own. 
Schooled in a life of hardship and privation, he brought to bear 
all those qualities that make so surely for success. Although he 
has given undivided support to the Democratic party he has never 
been an aspirant for official honors. Fraternally he is allied with 
the Knights of the Modern Maccabees, the Knights of Pythias at 
Tecumseh, and the Tipton Lodge of the State Grange, and his 
religious nature finds expression in attendance upon the services 



BIOGRAPHICAL I43 

of the Methodist Episcopal church. On Sept. 15, 1892, Mr. Harri- 
son was united in marriage to Miss Lily May Vedder, daughter of 
Ciiauncey and Martha H. (Lanning) Vedder, of Raisin township, 
Lenawee county. To this union have been born two children — 
Lucy C. and Chauncey V. L., aged fourteen and eight years 
respectively (1909). 

Elmer E. Hendershot has the distinctive satisfaction of owning 
and operating the old homestead on which he was born, in Clinton 
township, and the date of his nativity was July 31, 1886. He is a 
son of John Cyrus Hendershot, known as one of the representative 
agriculturists and sterling citizens of this county. The subject of 
this review is indebted to the public schools of Clinton township for 
his early educational discipline, which was supplemented by a 
course of study in the high school in Tecumseh. He was reared 
to the invigorating life of the farm, and to him the basic industry 
of agriculture, with its allied lines of enterprise, has continued to 
appeal with so much power that he has not been inclined to direct 
his energies in other fields of activity, nor to regret his decision 
in choosing his vocation in life. He continued to be identified 
with the w^ork of the home farm in a general way until 1905. when 
he purchased eighty acres of the homestead and initiated what has 
proved to be a very successful career as an independent farmer 
and stock-raiser. He has full appreciation of the scientific prin- 
ciples and the judicious methods which must be observed to gain 
the maximum returns according to the modern and approved ideas 
of farming, and he has directed his forces with enterprise and dis- 
cernment, so that his success has been cumulative in character. 
He has made excellent improvements on the residence building, 
which is now modern in its conveniences and appurtenances, and 
in i(jo8 he erected a fine barn, 36 by 60 feet in dimensions, with 
basement 32 b)' 60 feet. He devotes his attention to diversified 
agriculture and to the raising of high grade live stock, and he is 
knowm as one of the progressive and broad minded young business 
men engaged in farming in this favored section of the old Wol- 
verine State. Tn politics he gives his allegiance to the Republican 
party, and he takes a loyal interest in public afifairs of a local nature. 
He is a member of the Reformed" church at Macon, and is affiliated 
with the tent of the Knights of the Modern Maccabees in the 
same village. He was united in marriage on Feb. 24, 1909, to Miss 
Alma Anna Feldkamp, daughter of John H. and Louise (Davidter) 
Feldkamp, old and respected residents of Sharon township, Wash- 
tenaw county, Michigan, where Mrs. Hendershot was born on 
Aug. I, 1886, and was reared and educated. 

George W. Heckert, a prosperous farmer of Ogden township, 
was born in Preston county. West Virginia, on March i, 1836. He 
is a son of John G. Heckert, of whom more particular mention is 
made in the sketch of another son, John W^. Heckert, elsewhere 
in this volume. Mr. Heckert's scholastic advantages were limited 
to the district schools of ^^'est V^irginia. and when he had com- 
pleted his course of study he worked on the farm with his father 
until he was twentv-five vears of as:e. Then he removed to Medina 



144 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

county, Ohio, to engage in farming, and there enlisted as a private 
in Company D, One Hundred Sixty-sixth Ohio infantry, on May 
2, 1864, for a three months' term. The regiment was mustered into 
service on May 13, 1864, and proceeded to A^irginia, where it did 
guard duty at Forts Richardson, Barnard, Reynolds, Ward and 
\\'orth, and was mustered out of the service on Sept. 9, 1864, its 
term of enlistment having expired. After the war Mr. Heckert 
came to Ogden township and purchased the farm of sixty acres 
where he now resides. He cleared, drained and materially improved 
it and has since devoted himself assiduously to its management, 
not specializing in any one branch but doing a general farming 
business. In the matter of politics he supports the men and meas- 
ures of the Republican party and has served the community as 
highway commissioner and school director. Fraternally and 
socially he is affiliated with the David Becker Post, No. 25, of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, at Ogden Center, and Ogden Center 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Mr. Heckert has been 
twice married. On May 29, 1861, he was united to Miss Katherine 
Waltz, the daughter of Henry and Susan (Heckert) Waltz, of 
Preston county. West Virginia, and to this marriage five children 
were born. George Wesle}- died at the age of three years ; Lucy 
is deceased; Lepha is the widow of James S. Rinehart ; Henry J. 
is a farmer in Fulton county, Ohio ; and Armina is the wife of J. 
H. Hood, an Ogden township farmer. On Aug. 13, 1882, Mr. 
Heckert married Miss Florence Ma}' Dunbar, daughter of Benja- 
min and Mary (Willett) Dunbar. Mr. Dunbar, who died in March, 
1901, was a native of New York, and the mother, whose demise 
occurred in 1898, was born in New Jersey. Eight children were 
the issue of this second union. Frank is engaged in railroad work 
and in the sugar factory at Blissfield ; the second child, a daughter, 
died in infancy ; Charles lives wnth his parents ; the fourth child, 
also a daughter, died in infancy; Ellwood is deceased; Lydia is at 
home with her parents ; Emery is attending school ; and Ellis is 
deceased. 

Leslie T. GofT, one of the prosperous farmers of Blissfield 
township, was born in that township on April I, 1845, ^he son of 
Sewall S. Goff. The father was born in Royalston, Mass., on Jan. 
29, 181 1, and when a young man he came to Michigan and settled 
in Blissfield, where he lived until his death, on Jan. 23, 1865. On 
June 13, 1830, he married Mrs. Esther M. (Frary) Buck, the widow 
of Samuel Buck and the mother of a daughter who later became 
Mrs. Frederick Cannon. Mrs. Esther M. GoiT was born Sept. 11, 
1809, and died in Blissfield on May 29, 1839. By her second mar- 
riage she was the mother of three children, AA^arner W. and Al- 
mira A. and a son that died in infancy. In 1840 Mr. Sewall S. Goff, 
the father, married Miss Lucy Frary, a sister of his first wnfe, who 
was born Feb. 5, 1820, and died in Blissfield July 31, 1850, leaving 
three sons. Philander K., born Dec. 24, 1843, Leslie T. and John H., 
born March 28, 1849. I" ^851 the father married Miss Flavilla 
Schenck, of Fulton county. New York, who came to Michigan as a 
school teacher and succumbed to consumption in December, 1852. 









Q 
O 

4 




THE NEW Y'. 
PUBLIC !^^' 



ASrOR, LESCy 
TILUEN FOUNDATIONS 



BIOGRAPHICAL I45 

In 1855 he was united to Miss Emeline Van W'ormer, who is still 
a resident of Lenawee county. Leslie T. Goff received his educa- 
tional advantages in the west side schools of l>lissfield and then 
worked on the farm with his father until the parent's death. For 
some years thereafter he conducted the place and then by different 
exchanges came into possession of the farm which he now owns 
and upon which he has lived since 1867. In his political relations 
he has always been allied with the Republican party and as the 
successful candidate of that party served two terms as treasurer of 
the township. He has also served one year as township drain com- 
missioner and one term on the school board. In religious matters 
Mr. Goff attends the Evangelical church, and also attended the 
Presbyterian church. Fraternally he is associated with the State 
Grange. Mr. Goff has been married three times. On April 10, 
1866, he married in Toledo, Ohio, Carrie D. Kellogg, born in To- 
ledo in 1848. the daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Kellogg. After her 
death Mr. Goff married on Jan. 28, 1878, Miss Clara A. La Bounty, 
born Jan. 22, 1857, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Chauncey La 
Ijounty. His third marriage, which was solemnized in Blisstield, 
on Jan. 26, 1897, was to Louise P. Kurtz, born in Ogden township 
Nov. 5, 1861, the daughter of Leonard and Dorothea (Boon) 
Kurtz. Mr. and Mrs. Kurtz, both natives of Germany, came to 
Lenawee county at an early date, and the mother died May 4, 
1874. Two children were the issue of Mr. Goff's first marriage, 
namely, Lucy M. (Goff) Smith, born April 5, 1867, now a resident 
of IMissfield township, and William H., born Nov. 4, 1871, now 
employed in the abstract office in Adrian. The only child of the 
second union, Charles L., born July 20, 1881, died in Bowling Green, 
Ohio, on Aug. 24, 1889. On May 14, 1900, a son, Leonard S., was 
born to the third union. He died on Sept. 22, 1900. 

John W. Heckert, who has been a resident of Lenawee county 
for nearly thirty years, was born in Preston county, 
AVest Virginia, July i. 1846, the son of John G. and 
Julia (A\'agner) Heckert. The father was born in Pres- 
ton county. West Virginia, in 1804, and the mother was 
a native of the same place. She died when John W. was about 
eight years old. In July, 1864, the father came to Lenawee county 
and located on the farm in Ogden township where he lived until 
his death in November, 1886. ^ By his three marriages he became 
the father of twelve children. To his first union, which was to 
Miss Bishoff, six children were born, four of whom survive, 
namely : Anna, a widow living in Tennessee ; David, a farmer of 
Ogden township ; Rebecca, the widow of Jacob Fogelsong, of Pal- 
myra ; and George W., a farmer of Ogden township. Five chil- 
dren were born to his union to Miss Julia Wagner, two of whom, 
John W\ of this review, and Israel L., a farmer residing in Ogden 
township, are still living. But one child was born to the third 
marriage, which was to Miss Lucy Hile, namely Belle, and she 
is nowthe wife of Cyrus Temple, a farmer of Ogden township. Four 
sons, John \\\, George, Daniel and Henry, served in the Union 
army during the Civil war. The last named while foraging was 

I0-2V 



146 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

given a piece of pie which contained poison by a Confederate sym- 
pathizer, and died before help could be summoned. \Mien John 
\V. Heckert had finished his scholastic training he enlisted on Aug. 
22, 1864, althought but eighteen years of age, as a private in Com- 
pany F, Sixth West Virginia infantry. On June 10, 1865, he was 
mustered out of the United States service without having partici- 
pated in any large engagements. After the cessation of hostilities 
he worked at different times and for various periods as a cooper, 
miller and sawmill employee, and early in the '80s came to Lena- 
wee county. In 1882 he purchased his present farm of fifty acres, 
and all the improvements on the place are the result of his own 
efforts. He devotes most of his attention to dairying, selling the 
cream from his herd to the cheese factory at Ogden Center. Fra- 
ternally and socially Mr. Heckert is allied with David Becker Post, 
No. 25, Grand Army of the Republic, at Ogden Center, and with 
Blissfield Lodge, No. 258, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
has been a lifelong Republican in politics, but has never sought 
public office of any nature. On Nov. 2, 1879, was celebrated Mr. 
Heckert's marriage to Miss Columbia Wilson, the daughter of 
Daniel and Neoma (Rigger) Wilson. Mr. Wilson, who had served 
as postmaster at Grafton, W. Va., was twice married, and by his 
first w^ife was the father of seven children, and to his second mar- 
riage were born four children. To Mr. and Mrs. Heckert have 
been born six children. Clarence, a carpenter by vocation, is now 
living near Merina, Logan county, Colorado ; Mamie is the wife of 
Albert J. Jackson, a mechanic at Greeley, Col. ; Blanche is the wafe 
of Hollis Frye, employed in the Reo Automobile Works at Lansing, 
Mich. ; Hazel lives with her parents ; Brace is attending Brown's 
Business University in Adrian ; and Ila lives at home. 

Rudolph A. Heesen, one of the members of the firm of Heesen 
Brothers & Company, proprietors of the foundry in Tecumseh, was 
born in Tecumseh on Oct. 11, 1866. He is the son of George and 
Engele (Nyland) Heesen, both of whom were born in Holland 
in 1832 and 1835 respectively. The father came to Baltimore in 
1848, and for a time w^as variously employed in Cleveland 
and Youngstown, Ohio, his marriage occurring in Cleveland in 1856. 
A year later he came to Tecumseh and found employment in his 
trade as a tailor. In 1872, in partnership with his brother, John, 
who had located in Tecumseh in i860, and his brother-in-law, 
Henrv Nvland. he founded a factorv for the manufacturing of hog 
rings and like farm necessities. This business was successfully 
conducted until 1898. and in that year the same partners estab- 
lished the foundry wdiich is today the business that John and 
Rudolph A. Heesen and John Nyland are conducting under the 
firm name of Heesen Brothers & Company. The father was a 
Republican in his political views, and as the successful candidate 
served as president of the village board for three years and as 
supervisor of Tecumseh. Both he and his wife were devout com- 
municants of the Presbyterian church, and fraternallv he was 
identified with the Tecumseh Lodge, Knights of Pythias. Five 
children were born to the parents — Nellie Adamson, Delia Tramm, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 147 

Rudolph A., Anna Meyer and Alfred J. — all of whom grew to 
maturity. The father's death occurred in 1902 and the mother 
passed away on March 30, 1908. Rudolph A. Heesen, the subject 
of this review, received his educational advantages in the public 
schools of Tecumseh and laid the foundation for a business career 
by a course in the Spencerian Business College of Cleveland, Ohio. 
For four years he remained in Cleveland in the employ of the 
Mcintosh Hardware Company of that city, and after that returned 
to Tecumseh to engage in the clothing business with his father. 
There he remained until the establishment of the foundry with 
which he has since been actively identified. His other business 
interests include a directorship in the Lilly State Bank of Tecum- 
seh. In politics he has given unstinted support to the men and 
measures of the Republican party, and was twice elected presi- 
dent of the village on the ticket of that party. His deeply religious 
nature finds expression in membership in the Presbyterian church, 
to whose spiritual and material growth he has contributed freely. 
On Sept. II, 1888, occurred Mr. Heesen's marriage to Miss Flora 
Roof, of South Bend, Ind., a daughter of Daniel and Rose Roof. 
Mrs. Roof died in 1902, and her widowed husband is now a much 
respected and esteemed resident of South Bend. 

Frederick J. Henig, a member of the firm of Henig, Westgate 
& Condra, proprietors of the establishment known in Adrian as 
the North ]\Iain Street Clothiers and Furnishers, was born in 
Adrian Nov. 28, 1856, the son of Jacob and Caroline (Allabach) 
Henig. Both parents were born in Germany, the father in Wur- 
temberg and the mother in Baden. They were married in Lan- 
caster, Pa., came to Adrian in 1855, and the father worked at his 
trade of shoemaker for Mixer & Aldrich until his death in Novem- 
ber. 1874. The mother died in September, 1903. Before coming 
to America the father was for ten years a captain of infantry in 
the German army. Of their children, the subject of this sketch is 
the oldest living. John, the eldest, died in 1882, leaving a son who 
is now in Little Rock, Ark. ; Frank is a machinist by trade ; Wil- 
liam died in 1875; Carrie is the wife of Albert Wild, of Adrian; 
Dora died at the age of six; August is in the real estate business 
in Toledo ; Elizabeth is the wife of Jerre Maflatt, foreman of the 
Wilcox Hardware Company's tinshop ; and Henry died in March, 
1906. Frederick J. Henig, after completing his scholastic work in 
the German and public schools of the city, worked for a number 
of years at farming, hiring out by the month to different farmers 
in Adrian township. At the age of fourteen he received fourteen 
dollars a month at work on the farm, and his entire wages for a. 
number of years went toward the support of his father's family as 
the father's health was poor. In 1875 he decided to learn the 
baker's trade in Tecumseh and successfully followed that business 
until the fall of 1877, when he was compelled to quit it on account 
of the flour dust producing a bronchial affection. He again 
returned to farm work until f88o, when he took up carpentering on 
the first buildings of the Industrial Home for Girls, later was 
engaged at car repairing in the Lake Shore railroad shops, and 



148 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

afterward engaged with Beck & Vogt, general contractors, until 
the fall of 1886, when he accepted a clerical position with Wood, 
Crane & Wood in the clothing business. During the sixteen years 
in which he remained with them he thoroughly mastered every detail 
of the business, and in February, 1903, in partnership with Messrs. 
Westgate and Condra, he established the business in which he is 
now occupied, and which is recognized as the leading clothing 
house of Adrian. The firm belongs to the Adrian Industrial 
Association, and Mr. Henig fraternally is identified with the 
Knights of the Maccabees and the Knights of Pythias. In politics 
Mr. Henig is not allied with any party, but votes for the men and 
measiu"es which in his judgment promise the best for the com- 
munity as a whole. He was reared in the German Lutheran faith, 
but is not a member of any church. Mr. Henig has been twice 
married. On April 5, 1881, was solemnized his union to Miss 
Kathryne Muck, who died on Sept. 22, 1893, leaving besides her 
husband three sons — George, now city engineer of Baker City, 
Ore., graduated at the Adrian High School in 1893, and was later 
a student at Ann Arbor. On Dec. 25, 1907, he married Miss 
Blanche Norrid, of Benton, Mo., who was born in Oklahoma, but 
reared and educated at Benton. On March i, 1909, he resigned his 
position as city engineer of Adrian to accept a similar position at an 
advance in salary at Baker City, Ore., where he is now located. 
Arthur is an electrician with the Citizens' Light and Power Com- 
pany of Adrian, and Clarence is a student in the Adrian High School. 
On Oct. 24, 1895, Mr. Henig married Miss Sophia Holtz, daughter 
of Frederick Holtz, of Adrian. Mrs. Henig was born in Germany 
and came to the United States with her parents when less than a 
3^ear old. She is the mother of one child, Gertrude, now nine years 
of age. The Henig home is at 11 East Butler street. Mr. Henig 
has spent his entire life in Adrian and its vicinity, and has wit- 
nessed its development from a small village to one of the most 
~^ enterprising cities in southern Michigan. He began life a penni- 
less boy, but by perseverance, industry and strict honesty in all of 
his dealings, he has not only assisted' in establishing a successful 
business, but has also won the confidence and respect of the com- 
munity. His early life on the farm when he was compelled to work 
at least fourteen hours a day with the hot sun beating down on 
him in the summer and with the mercury hovering around zero in 
the winter, taught him not only the hardships requisite to farm 
life, but also to sympathize fully with the poor yotmg man strug- 
gling to secure a start in life. 

Rev. Herman B. E. Heyn, pastor of St. Stephen's German 
Ltitheran church of Adrian, was born in W'est Saginaw, Mich., 
Jan. 12, 1874, the son of Ernest and Natalie (Kuehny Heyn. The 
parents were both born in Saxony, Germany, and were married 
there before coming to the United' States in 1872. After landing 
in Xew York they came direct to Saginaw, where the}^ had rel- 
atives living, and the father engaged in the butcher business. He 
is now living retired in that city, but his wife died in November, 
1898. Seven sons and two daughters were born to the parents. 



BIOGRAPHICAL I49 

and five sons are now livini^. They are the twin brothers, Max 
and Robert, living- in Saginaw, the subject of this sketch, and Wil- 
liam and Julius, of Saginaw. Rev. Mr. Heyn received his primary 
education in the public and parochial schools of Saginaw^ and then 
took a seven years" course in the theological seminary of that 
city, graduating when he was twenty-one years of age. Shortly 
afterward he was ordained to the ministry and was given his first 
charge at Freedom. Washtenaw county. He remained in that pas- 
torate one and a half years, when he received an urgent call to the 
pulpit of St. Stephen's German Lutheran church, and being 
solicited by the officers of the synod to accept the call, he came to 
Adrian. The congregation was in a demoralized condition and 
Mr. Heyn at once recognized that he had undertaken a gigantic 
task. Two pastors who had just previously hlled the pulpit had 
been asked to resign. There were but fifty-four members, and the 
school had but few pupils. Since his arrival he has done excep- 
tional work in bringing the society up to its present high standard. 
In 1899 he superintended the erection of a new school building, 
consisting- of a hall on the second floor and two school rooms on 
the first floor, at 14 Finch street. At first Mr. Heyn was obliged 
to conduct the school himself, but as it grew in size he was given 
an assistant, and during his incumbency of the pastorate has had 
four teachers under his direction. The first was R. O. Patzweld, 
the second A. Oberschulte, the third P>. Hahm, and the last, who 
is still in charge. H. Krieg. At the present time there are sixty 
pupils enrolled, and the curriculum comprises German and Fnglish 
instruction in six grades. The debt under which the church labored 
w^hen Mr. Heyn took hold has all been raised, and the number of 
voting members has been increased to no, in addition to which 
there is a large number of communicant and passive members. 
The church edifice has been remodeled and a new one is being 
planned to supplant the structure now occupied, which has been 
the home of the congregation since its organization in i860, with 
twelve members. The dedication of the new parsonage, erected on 
the site of the old one at the southeast corner of Finch and Front 
streets, occurred on Sunday. Oct. 25, 1908. The congregation, 
which filled the church to overflowing, gathered at the church at 
10 a. m. to listen to the dedicatory sermon delivered by Rev. J. 
Gauss, of Jenera, Ohio, who came to Adrian for the purpose. The 
members then adjourned to the parsonage, where the dedication 
services proper were conducted. Following the services, the house 
was thrown open to the public and all who saAv it agreed that it 
was one of the handsomest residences in the cit}-. The building, 
the construction of which cost over $4,000, is a full two-story resi- 
dence of ten rooms, including bath, sewnng, reception and chil- 
dren's rooms, and a finely equipped laundry in the basement. It is 
supplied wnth hot and cold w^ater, as Avell as rain water, gas and all 
other modern conveniences. The inside finish is in southern pine, 
artisticallv tinted. The building committee, which had the Avork 
in charge, consisted of Rev. Mr. Heyn. Frank Hoesie. Adam Fink- 
beiner. John Betz. Philip Eberlein. Conrad Becker and John Koehn. 



150 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

The' pastor is chairman and president of the congregation ; John 
Rued}^ is elder, F. Buelke and Charles Schoen are the deacons, and 
the trustees are Adam Finkbeiner, John Betz, Conrad Becker and 
H. Duerr, the latter of whom is secretary. The school is in charge 
of a committee consisting of W. C. Koehn, C. Schweikert, A. 
Radant, the pastor and the teacher. There are also a number of 
affiliated organizations in the church, such as the Ladies Aid 
Society, of which Mrs. J. Betz is president; the Young Ladies 
Society, of which Miss T. Acker is president; the Luther League, 
which meets in the hall of the school building and of which the 
pastor is president ; and the Unterstuetzung Verein, a benefit 
organization composed of the members of the church, which pro- 
vides a benefit of $1,000 for the families of deceased members. In 
the matter of politics Rev. Mr. Heyn espouses the cause of the 
Republican party, but has never sought public office of any nature. 
On April 28, 1897, he was happily married at Saginaw, Mich., to 
Miss Alma Richter, something of whose family relationship can 
be gleaned from the sketch of P. E. Richter elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. Four children have been the issue of this union ; namely, 
Natalie L., born Feb. 9, 1898; Harold R., born June 7, 1901 ; Wal- 
demar E., born Sept. i, 1904; and Hugo, born Jan. 7, 1907, who 
died four days after birth. 

Nicholas V. Hile, one of the substantial farmers of Lenawee 
county, was born in Rockingham county, Virginia. July 21, 1840. He 
is the son of Peter and Lucy (Pence) Hile, the former a native of 
Germany and the latter of Rockingham county, Virginia. The father 
mastered the carpenter's trade when a young man and later took 
to farming. He had an excellent farm in Rockingham county, Vir- 
ginia, nine miles from Harrisonburg, and lived there until his death 
in 1886. By his three wives he was the father of ten children ; two — • 
Nicholas V., of this sketch, and Margaret, the wife of David B. 
Heckert, a farmer of Ogden township — by his first, two by his sec- 
ond and six by his third. Mr. Hile attended school in his native 
county, and when he was but fifteen years of age started out to 
earn his own livelihood. His first labors were as a waiter in the 
employ of the Baltimore & Ohio railway, attending one of their 
restaurants at Cranberry Summit, ^^^ A^a. Then for about a year 
he worked on farms by the month, and in 1858 came to Mich- 
igan, seeking work first with David Heckert in Ogden township. 
When, in December, 1858, Mr. Hile landed in Ogden township, 
he had but twenty shillings in money, but he soon secured work 
at fifty cents a day, payable in trade or provisions of various 
kinds, which he turned over to his brother-in-law, David Heckert. 
His first 100 days' work netted him thirty-seven dollars, and this 
constituted his first payment on forty acres of land. As stated, by 
thrift and industry he managed to save sufficient of his earnings 
to purchase forty acres of land, which at that time was all under 
water, and it was over three months before the water subsided 
sufficiently for him to see a foot of that forty-acre tract, although 
it is now one of the finest and best drained pieces of land in the 
cotmty. Gradually he acquired more property until today he has 



BIOGRAPHICAL I5I 

a farm of 195 acres. All of the improvements on the place, includ- 
ing the draining of the low lands, the clearing of the timber lands, 
the fencing and erection of the buildings, have been made by Mr. 
Hile, with the advice and help of his good wife. His income from 
the place is derived chiefly through the winter in the fattening of 
cattle and the raising of hogs for market purposes. In the fifty-one 
years that Mr. Hile has been a resident of Ogden township, he has 
not only witnessed the marvelous transformation of what was 
considered a wooded swamp into one of the finest improved com- 
munities in the state, but to him as much as to any other man in 
the township belongs the credit of bringing about this wonderful 
development. And there, amid the scenes of his life's work, in a 
beautiful home, surrounded by every convenience essential to mod- 
ern and up-to-date rural life, he and his devoted wife are spend- 
ing their declining years, contented and happy. In the matter of 
politics Mr. Hile is a stanch supporter of the men and measures of 
the Republican party, and at different times his popularity has 
been amply proved by his election to office as the candidate of 
that organization. He served for four years as supervisor, seven 
years as town treasurer, and six years as town clerk. Fraternally 
he is identified with Blissfield Lodge, No. 114, Free and Accepted 
Masons. On Dec. 28, 1865, Mr. Hile was happily married to Miss 
Caroline L. Robertson, the daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Heckert) Robertson. Mr. and Mrs. Robertson moved from West 
Virginia to Wayne county, Ohio, where Mrs. Hile was born, and 
thence to Ogden township, this county, in 1853. Subsequently 
they removed to Florida, where Mr. Robertson died in 1898. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Hile have been born four children. James, the 
eldest, born Nov. 9, 1866, married Miss Margaret Bowerman, and 
makes his residence at Superior, Wis., where he practices law and 
is at present serving as court reporter for the circuit court. He 
is a graduate of the University of Michigan, and the father of four 
children. George P., the second son, born April 19, 1872, mar- 
ried Miss Emma Keifer, by whom he has one child, Joseph N. At 
present he is a resident of Monroe county, Michigan, but expects to 
remove shortly to his ranch near Las Vegas, N. Mex. Alpheus J., 
born Dec. 27, 1875, married Catherine Barker, by whom he is the 
father of five children. He resides on and has management of 
the home farm. Jessie Maude, the youngest, born Dec. 27. 1880, 
is the wife of Vernon L. Clapper, a carpenter by trade, but during 
the sugar season he is employed in the sugar factory at Blissfield, 
and their permanent home is at Ogden Center. 

Edward Holdway is one of the popular citizens of the village 
of Tecumseh. where he is engaged in the barbering business. His 
establishment is thoroughly modern in equipment and accessories, 
and he caters to a lai^ge and representative patronage. Mr. Hold- 
way was born in Tecumseh on Aug. i, 1866, a son of Richard and 
Louisa (Emley) Holdwa}'. the former born in Newbury, Berk- 
shire, England. Jan. 31, 1822, and the latter in Amherstburg, 
Ontario, Canada, in the year 1834. They were married in Ontario. 
Richard Holdway was first married in Berkshire, England, on July 



152 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

25, 1844, to Miss Caroline Hessey. They immigrated to America 
and took up their residence in Amherstburg, province of Ontario, 
Canada, where Mrs. Holdway's death occurred on Oct. 31, 1853. 
She left two children — Elizabeth, who married James Blair and 
is now deceased; and Julia, wife of John Bent, of Goshen, Ind. The 
children of the second marriage are : Mary, wife of Charles Stev- 
enson of Tecumseh ; Thomas, likewise a resident of Tecumseh ; 
and Edward, the immediate subject of this review. Richard Hold- 
way came with his family to Lenawee county in the year 1865 and 
established his home in the village of Tecumseh, where he held for 
some time the position of engineer in the Emley tannery. He next 
accepted the position of engineer in the sash, door and blind fac- 
tory of Wolcott & Temple, in whose employ he continued for the 
long period of twenty-two years, after which he lived virtually 
retired in this village until his death, which occurred on July 29, 
1903. He was a man of sterling integrity, and ever held the con- 
fidence and high regard of all who knew him. He was for many 
years actively identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and was a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church, 
as is also his widow, who still maintains her home in Tecumseh. 
Edward Holdway, whose name initiates this review, is indebted to 
the public schools of Tecumseh for his early educational disci- 
pline, which included a course in the high school. Upon attaining 
to his legal majority he served a thorough apprenticeship at the 
barber's trade, and for fourteen years thereafter he was here 
employed at his trade, in the establishment of David Machan. He 
then engaged in business for himself and has gained and main- 
tained a large and appreciative trade. He enjoys uniform popu- 
larity in his native village, and has the confidence and esteem of 
all who know him. His political allegiance is given to the Repub- 
lican party, and he and his wife are communicants of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal church. He is affiliated with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 
69, Free and Accepted Masons, and is a charter member of Tecum- 
seh Lodge, No. 190, Knights of Pythias. On May i. 1899, Mr. Hold- 
way was united in marriage to Miss Mary Leighn, of Tecumseh. 
They have no children. 

George R. Holloway, one of the substantial citizens of Raisin 
township, was born on the old Holloway homestead in that town- 
ship on April 19, 1852. His father. Butler Holloway. was born in 
Conway, Mass., Feb. 14, 1814, and accompanied his father. Dr. AVil- 
liam Holloway, who was born in Massachusetts in 1781 and came 
to Michigan in 1833. In 1816 Dr. William Holloway removed 
from Massachusetts to York, Livingston county. New York, where 
he practiced medicine until he came to Michigan as above stated, 
being one of the pioneer doctors of Raisin township, where he prac- 
ticed medicine with eminent success until his death on Aug. 10, 1852. 
He was married three times and became the father of nine children, 
five by his first wife and four by his second, Butler Holloway being 
the youngest son and fifth child by his first wife. He, together 
with his brothers. A\^illiam, Edwin and Silas, purchased 320 acres 
of land and later added 200 acres, making a total of 520 acres of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 53 

fine tillable land in Raisin township. The tract is so situated that 
the east and west, and north and south roads intersect near the 
center of it, the old family residence being erected on the north- 
east corner of the cross-roads, and the Holloway home has been 
familiarly' known to the people of this region for over fifty years 
as "Holloway Corners." When the homestead was divided up 
among the brothers, Butler Holloway selected for his share the 
southwest corner of section 23, which he cleared from the wilder- 
ness and eventually erected a fine brick residence with good barns 
and outbuildings and developed the land to a fine state of cultiva- 
tion by means of fifteen miles of tile drainage. Butler Holloway 
in after life often referred to his pioneer experiences, when fre- 
quently he did not know where he was to get his next meal unless 
he could kill some game with his trusty rifle. All kinds of game 
were plentiful in those days and he has often described hunting 
experiences which would thrill the heart of any sportsman. When 
hunting deer in the fall of the year, he would often leave home 
before daylight in the morning wearing gloves on his hands and 
a coat on his head to keep the mosquitoes from "bleeding him to 
death," and frequently had to carry a hickory torch to keep the 
wolves away when hunting his cows after dark. On April 2, 1846, 
he was united in marriage to Miss Ann Richard, a daughter of 
Archibald Richard, of Raisin township, both natives of County 
Antrim, Ireland, where Ann was born May 13, 1818. They immi- 
grated to America in 1828, settling first in Livingston county, New 
York, and in 1832 came to Michigan, where Archibald Richard ent- 
ered a tract of government land on which he developed a farm and 
continued to reside until his death. Archibald Richard was born 
about 1782 of Scotch ancestry, and was an extensive farmer in 
Ireland, where he married Miss Jane Haney, of County Antrim, and 
by whom he was the father of eleven children, three sons and eight 
daughters. Jane (Haney) Richard was born in County Antrim, 
Ireland, in 1796, and died in Raisin township, Lenawee county, 
Michigan, in September, 1852. To the union of Butler Holloway and 
Ann Richard three children were born; Ellen Z., born in Raisin 
township, April 11, 1849, ^^^ <^'^d there Oct. 22, 1875, when twenty- 
six years old ; George R.. the subject of this sketch ; and one daugh- 
ter who died in infancy. Ann Holloway joined the Presbyterian 
church in early 3^outh and continued a devoted member until her 
death. Butler Holloway died on the old homestead, Feb. 15, 1882, 
a useful member of the community and a lifelong adherent of 
the Democratic party. George Holloway grew to manhood amid 
the scenes of rural life, and under the eye and discipline of his 
father, he learned practical farming as is today demonstrated in 
his well equipped and improved farm. He received a good com- 
mon school education and after completing a course in the Tecum- 
seh High School he began life as a farmer and stockman, to which 
he has since most successfully devoted himself. He feeds and 
fattens two or more carloads of steers each winter, is the owner of 
290 acres of fine cultivable land and by hard work and up-to-date 
farming he has succeeded in accumulating considerable wealth. 



154 . MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

His political relations have been with the Democratic party ever 
since he became old enough to vote, and as the successful candi- 
date of that organization, he has served two years as township 
treasurer and ten years as township supervisor, and is president of 
the Hollowa}- Telephone Compan}-. He holds membership in the 
Presbyterian church, is a member of Tecumseh Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, has attained the rank of Knight Templar in that 
order, and he and his wife are members of the local lodge of the 
State Grange. In 1876 Mr. Holloway married Miss Isabel Stretch, 
who was born May 24, 1858, and is the daughter of Jesse and Ann 
(Charlton) Stretch, both natives of England, the former born in 
Cheshire, England, in 1815. He came to America in 1842 with his 
parents and located first in Palmyra township, Lenawee county, 
Michigan, then removed to Raisin township, where he died on Feb. 
2, 1891. His wife, Ann, was born in England in 1823 and accom- 
panied a relative to America. She died in Raisin township in 
December, 1884. They were the parents of eight children: Mary 
E., Emily, Edward C, Lucy, Isabel, now Mrs. Holloway, Alice X., 
Francis J. and Hartley, all of whom are living (1909) except Lucy 
and Emily. To the union of Mr. Holloway and his wife has been 
born one son, Kenneth, a brief sketch of whose life appears else- 
where in this work. 

Kenneth G. Holloway, an enterprising young farmer of Raisin 
township, was born in that township on May 19, 1880, the son of 
George R. Holloway, a review of whose career appears elsewhere 
in this work. Mr. Holloway received his primary educational 
advantages in the Raisin Vallev Seminarv and the Tecumseh High 
School, and completed his education at the Michigan Agricultural 
College at Lansing, Mich. Since that time he has devoted his whole 
attention to agricultural pursuits. He is a Democrat in his poli- 
tics and in religious matters is allied with the Presbyterian church. 
On April 24, 1901, Air. Holloway married Miss Grace Carpenter, 
by whom he has four children: Lysle B., born on April 14, 1902; 
George Ronald, born on Oct. i, 1904; Wilfred K., born on June 11, 
1907; and Ruth E., born on April 11, 1909. Airs. Holloway, daugh- 
ter of Orlando E. and Phebe (Boucher) Carpenter, was born in 
Manchester, Mich., April 19, 1881. Mr. Holloway is a member of 
the Knights of the Modern Maccabees. 

William Howe, proprietor of a modern wagon-making estab- 
lishment and repair shop in Adrian, was born in Mecklenburg, Ger- 
many. March 22, 1840. He is the son of John and Fredericka Howe, 
both of whom passed their entire lives in the old country, where 
the father was a wagon-maker. The three sons and a daughter 
born to the parents all came to the United States, and all but the 
daughter, Minnie, are now living. Fred lives in Dundee, Mich., 
and Henry is a resident of Adrian. William Howe received the ex- 
cellent scholastic training afforded by the schools of his native land 
and there learned the trade of wagon-maker under Fred Loshand, 
in Warren, his natiA^e land. In the fall of 1866 he migrated to the 
United States and after landing in New York came direct to Adrian. 
For a year he labored at anything that would bring him a livelihood 



BIOGRAl'HICAL I55 

and then secured employment at his trade with Smith, Kaiser & 
Yager, manufacturers of carriages, wagons and sleighs. For a 
good many years he was a faithful employe of that firm, and then 
he purchased a shop of his own, which he has since successfully 
conducted. During the first few years of his work in this work he 
manufactured an excellent grade of wagons, but has since devoted 
himself almost exclusively to repair work. Beside his interests in 
the city Mr. Howe owns a farm of eighty acres, three miles north 
of the city in Adrian township, where his son, Martin, carries on a 
general farming business. In the matter of politics Mr. Howe gives 
stanch suiJ])()rt to the men and measures of the Republican party, 
but has never sought public preferment for himself. His religious 
nature finds expression in membership in the German Lutheran 
church. In 1866 in Germany was celebrated Mr. Howe's marriage 
to Miss Caroline Schroeder, who died July 20, 1898. To this union 
were born eight children, five of whom survive. All were born in 
Adrian and educated in the city schools. They are Henry H. D., 
Anna, Emilie and Albert C, all of this city, and Martin L., of 
Adrian township. 

Jared A. Howell, deceased, for many years one of the promi- 
nent agriculturists of Lenawee county, was born in Victor, On- 
tario county. New York, Nov. 5, 1820. He was the son of 
Anson Howell, who was born in Suffolk county. New 
York, April 13. 1786, and there resided until he was 
about twenty years of age. Then he went to western New 
York and settled in Victor. He was a millwright, carpenter and 
joiner, and followed these trades until about 1830. In the fall of 
1827 he came west to Michigan and entered 160 acres of land in 
section 28, Adrian township, and after contracting with 
Burrows Brown and Ashur Stevens to erect a log house and clear 
twenty acres of the land, he returned to New York. In the follow- 
ing spring he returned and erected for Darius Comstock a frame 
house on his farm in the "valley," and about the first of September 
was joined by his family, consisting then of his wife and eight 
children, who settled on the farm he had selected. During the 
summer of 1829 he assisted in the construction of the "red mill," 
the first frame school house in Adrian and the old Michigan Ex- 
change, the first hotel erected in Adrian. Thereafter he devoted 
his attention exclusively to farming, built a large barn in 1831 and 
a frame house in 1838. Anson Howell was a practical, careful, 
judicious man. ever ready to assist his neighbors. It is related of 
him that he often went out with the new comers to "look land," 
while the families of the prospective settlers remained at his home 
until they could find a suitable place to locate. His death occurred 
Oct. 8. 1873, after a life of usefulness. He married Charlotte Rock- 
wood, a descendant of good Vermont stock, and at the time of her 
inarriage a resident of Perinton. Monroe county, New York. She 
died Aug. 28, 1845. leaving beside her husband ten children, of 
w^hom Jared A. was the sixth in order of birth. The subject of 
this review lived with his father until he was twenty-seven years 
of age, and was reared as a farmer. In 1848 he purchased a farm 



156 .MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

in section 35, Rome township, where he li\-ed until i860, 
and then exchanged the place for a portion of the old homestead. 
In the spring of 1880 he disposed of his holdings and subsequently 
purchased the old Tabor place which had been located by Walter 
Whipple in 1825, the first to be entered in the vicinity of the present 
site of Adrian. Mr. Howell came to Lenawee county when but 
eight years of age and Indians were plentiful. He was naturally 
thrown into contact with them and became exceedingly proficient 
in their language. As a boy he dealt with them to a considerable 
extent, trading knives, powder horns, mirrors, etc., for bows and 
arrows, pelts and other articles. On Xov. 21, 1847, Mr. Howell 
was united in marriage to Miss Amelia S. Brazee, daughter of John 
Brazee, Sr., of Adrian, and to this union were born four children. 
Mrs. Howell was born in Victor on March 27, 1829, and is of French 
and Dutch descent. She came with her parents to Adrian township 
in 1835, and is still a respected resident of the coimty. ]\Ir. How- 
ell passed away on Dec. 28. 1892. 

William F. Howell, a substantial citizen of Lenawee county, 
and a manufacturer of artificial limbs and apparatus, was born on 
a farm in Rome township on Sept. 15. 1850, the son of Jared A., 
of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in this work. He is the only 
son of his parents, and the second child in order of birth. His sis- 
ters are Mrs. Altha W'ilber, a widow of Toledo. Ohio ; Mrs. Etta 
May Poucher. of Sandcreek ; Mrs. Eva Case, whose husband is a 
herdsman at the agricultural college of the University of Illinois. 
Mr. Howell attended the Raisin \*alley Seminary and Adrian Col- 
lege, leaving the latter institution to enter Hillsdale College, of 
Hillsdale, Michigan, in the commercial department of which he 
was graduated in the class of 1871. After finishing his scholastic 
work he learned the jeweler's trade, and after he had mastered it 
he labored as a journeyman for seven years in Adrian and Clayton. 
During the two years immediately following he was in Philadel- 
phia, Pa., in the employ of B. Frank Palmer, and there learned the 
trade of manufacturing artificial limbs and apparatus for deformed 
people. Upon his return to Michigan he was for four years en- 
gaged as a salesman on the road, selling and fitting artificial limbs, 
and then for a year again worked at the bench as a jeweler, in the 
employ of Fred Irish. At the end of that time he established a shop 
for the manufacture of limbs on North Winter street, but after 
five years removed it to Toledo, Ohio. There he was in partnership 
with William BlufT for three years, and then his father's last illness 
necessitated his return to Adrian. He remained on the farm until 
March, 1898. and then established himself in his present business, 
with which he has since met with great success. Mr. Howell was 
born a cripple and has thus been more intensely interested in an 
effort to relieve suflfering humanity than he would otherwise have 
been. He became interested in the Grange movement upon his re- 
turn from Philadelphia, and has since been a potent factor in its 
progress. In 1902 he was made secretary and treasurer of the Pa- 
tron's Tvlutual Fire Insurance Company, of Lenawee county, lim- 
ited, and has since held the position. For five years also he was 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 57 

Icclurcr lor the County Grange. In the matter of politics Mr. 
ilowe!! is allied with the Republican party, but has never sought 
])ublic preferment for himself. He makes his home with his mother 
on the farm and drives ])ack and forth each dav. 

^ 

Dr. Frank Alvin Rowland, a prominent young physician of 
Adrian, was born on a farm on sections 14 and 15, Adrian township, 
on April ii, 1866, a son of Jonathan Rowland, jr., a sketch of 
whom appears elsewhere in this work. Dr. Howland received his 
preliminary educational advantages in the public schools of Adrian, 
finishing the prescribed courses in 1887. For some time he resided 
with his parents, and then determining to become a physician and 
oculist went to Chicago and matriculated in the Xorthern Illinois 
College of Ophthamtjlogy and was there graduated in the class of 
1902, with the degree of Doctor of Optics. He began the practice 
of his profession in Chicago, and at the same time entered the Ben- 
nett College of Eclectic Medicine and Surgery. His residence and 
his professional career in Chicago continued until 1907. in which 
year he graduated at the last named institution with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. Dr. Rowland then removed to Adrian and on 
Aug. 5, 1907, opened an office for the ]iractice of his profession and 
although he has been engaged but a comparatively short time he 
has built up a large and lucrative practice. In his political views 
he is allied with the Republican party, but has never sought public 
preferment for himself. Fraternally and professionally he is prom- 
inently identified with the I Hue Lixlge of the Masonic order, the 
Independent ( Jrder of Odd h'ellows. the Knights of the Maccabees, 
the Modern Woodmen of America, the city, county and state med- 
ical societies, the State Eclectic Medical and Surgical Society and 
the American Medical Associatir)n. Dr. Rowland is the medical 
examiner for the Modern Woodmen of America and the Knights 
of the Maccabees, beside a number of the old-line insurance com- 
panies. On May 22, 1889. occurred his marriage to Miss Alice B. 
Armstrong, a daughter of Richard and Jane Armstrong, of Detroit. 
Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong were both natives of Ireland, and passed 
the greater part of their lives in Detroit. To Dr. and Mrs. How- 
land was born, on Sept. 12, 1902, a son. Alvin W. Both the Doctor 
and his wife are communicants of the Presbyterian church. The 
Doctor is the owner of thirty acres of the old homestead, and his 
city home is at 6 1-2 Cross street. 

Jonathan Howland, Jr., deceased, who for many years was a 
highly esteemed and prominent agriculturist of Lenawee county, 
was born at Manchester, Ontario county. New York, Sept. 5, 1832. 
He was a great grandson of Job and (Chase) Howland, resi- 
dents of Massachusetts when that colony was a dependency of the 
British crown. They were blessed by the birth of nine children — Jo- 
seph, born Aug. 6, 1738; Edith, born March 18. 1740; Hannah, 
born Feb. 15. 1744; Mary, born May 30, 1746; Rebecca, born Dec. 
10. 1748; Job. born Feb. 3. 1751 ; David, born Nov. 27, 1753; Abra- 
ham, born Sept. 22, 1759, and Gilbert, the grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, Sept. 25, 1760, he having been a resident of 
North Adams, Mass.. until 1800, when he removed to Ontario 



158 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

county, Xevv York, where by virtue of the homestead law, he set- 
tled upon a tract of land near what is now the site of the city of 
Manchester. The country was then a trackless wilderness, there 
being" but a very few settlers in the immediate vicinity of Gilbert 
Rowland's claim. By the time homeseekers began to flock to that 
county Gilbert Rowland had cleared a considerable part of his 
claim and rendered valuable assistance to the newcomers by fur- 
nishing them with flour and seed for their first crops. Gilbert was 
united in marriage to Elizabeth Lapham, daughter of Benjamin 
and Mary (Mann) Lapham. The father was born July 24, 1715, 
the son of John Lapham, Jr.. and a grandson of John Lapham. Sr., 
the latter of whom migrated from -Devonshire, England, to Prov- 
idence, R. L, some time prior to the 3'ear 1700. Some time subse- 
quent to the outbreak of the early Indian wars this hardy pioneer 
with his wife, whom he married in Providence, removed to Dart- 
mouth, where four children were born to them. Mary (Mann) 
Lapham was born July 6, 1726, and gave birth to the following 
children: Lydia, April 6, 1750; Sarah, June 9, 1754; Stephen, Xov. 
6, 1755; Gideon, Nov. 2, 1757; George, July 5. 1759; Silas, Xov. 20, 
1762; Abigail, March 12, 1764; Benjamin, Xov. 20, 1766; Ruth, 
April 4, 1769, and Elizabeth, the wife of Gilbert Rowland, born 
Jan. 29, 1761, and died Aug. 28, 1836. The following children were 
born to this worthy woman : David, born Aug. 25, 1783, and ex- 
pired on Sept. 26, 1846; Nicholas, born June 29, 1786, and passed 
away N^ov. 17, 1857; Charles, Aug. 9, 1791, and expired Feb. 4, 1838; 
-.^ ].n'.^ I-,,, ,, |-(;;. and died Jan. 4, 1848; ]\lary, born Jan. ii, 
1795, and expired March 21, 1874; Elizabeth, born Sept. 8, 1797, 
and Jonathan, Sr., the father of the subject of this sketch, who first 
beheld the light of day Feb. 6. 1789, and passed to the great beyond 
in the month of Alay, 1871. Re was reared on his father's clearing 
in Ontario county, Xew York, and literally "grew up with the 
country," residing at the parental home until 1816, when he pur- 
chased a farm of his own in the same township, upon which he 
continued to live until 1849. During the fall of 1848 he came west 
to Lenawee county to visit a son who had previously migrated to 
this vicinity and while here he became so infatuated with the 
country that he arranged with a distant relative, Thomas Row- 
land, to trade the Ontario county farm for a tract of land which the 
relative possessed in this county. The terms of the transfer were 
unique in that they provided that each was to do a certain amount 
of the spring work, such as ploughing, sowing, etc., and that the 
trade also involved the transfer of the stock, tools and implements 
and certain articles of household furniture. The latter provision 
was made in order to avoid the numerous difficulties of transporta- 
tion, which in those davs were exceedinglv severe. Accordinsf to 
the contract each of the families moved in ^lay, 1849. Jonathan 
Rowland, Sr., resided on his farm on sections 14 and 15, in the 
township of Adrian up to the time of his death, which occurred on 
May II, 1871. In 1812 he had been married to Miss Mary Sprague, 
a daughter of Michael and Mary (Rarris) Sprague, of ^lanchester, 
N. Y., who was born in Providence, R. I., on May 4, 1794, and died 



BIOGRAPHICAL 159 

in Adrian idwnship on Sept. 28. 1849. ^^^^ parents were both na- 
tives of the state of Rhode Island, and their ancestors had migrated 
there at an early day from England. Of the eight children born 
to the parents, six, three sons and as many daughters, grew to ma- 
turity. Jonathan Rowland, Sr., provided well for his children. 
'J\t each of the two older sons he gave i6o acres of land and to each 
of the three daughters he donated a dowry of eighty acres and 
some household furniture. Jonathan. Jr., being the youngest, be- 
came the ])ro])rictor of the old homestead as his share of the father's 
estate. During the declining years of his father's life his greatest 
interest seemed to be the provision and maintenance of every pos- 
sible comfort for his aged parent. On Nov. 16, 1854, Jonathan 
Ilowland, Jr., was united in hoi}- wedlock to Miss Emeline A. 
Snedcker, a daughter of James J. and Phoebe (Van Aken) Sned- 
eker, of the township of Adrian. Mr. and Mrs. Snedeker were mar- 
ried on Feb. 14, 1834, and had four children, of whom Mrs. How- 
land is the eldest. At her husliand's death, which occurred on Dec. 
II, 1899. Mrs. Ilowland was left with four children — David L., 
born March 13. 1856; Nicholas A., born Dec. 24. 1857; Frank A., 
of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in this \olume, and Fred J., 
born Jan. 24. 1872. ^Irs. T lowland, Jr., still resides upon the old 
homestead, much respected and esteemed by her neighbors and 
other acquaintances. 

William O. Hunt, vice-president and manager of the Adrian 
Telei)honc Lt)nipany. was born in Ad]Man on Aug. 20, 1856. the son 
of William C. and Martha H. (Pierce) Hunt. The parents were 
both born in the state of New York, and each came here with their 
parents about 1836. The father was a manufacturer of pianos and 
organs in a small way, and also dealt in different makes of the 
same instruments. Ilis death occurred in April. 1880. and the 
mi^ther passed away on Thanksgiving day. 1893. Three children 
were born to the parents, of whom the subject of this review, the 
second in order of birth, is the only survivor. Adin C. the eldest, 
died at the age of four years, and Dora X. died when sixteen years 
of age. William O. Hunt attended the public schools of Adrian. 
and graduated in the high school class of 1873. For six months 
after graduation he was with the Clough & Warren organ factory 
of Detroit, learning the details of the business, and then came 
back to Adrian and became a partner in the firm of Berdan & Hunt, 
music dealers. They first bought the music store of King & Rice, 
and then purchased the music store of the Constantine Music Corn- 
pany. and for a time had a monopoly on the music business in 
Adrian. .Subsequently Mr. Hunt purchased the interest of Mr. 
Berdan and conducted the business alone until 1894. in which year 
he sold to Grinnell Brothers, of Detroit. He remained in Adrian 
as manager for the firm for two years, and then became the pro- 
moter for the Detroit & Lima Northern railway, now known as 
the Detroit, Toledo & fronton, and was influential in getting a 
right of way through Adrian. For six years he was in the employ 
of the railway, after it was incorporated and put in running order, 
as traveling passenger and freight agent, with which he combined 



l6o MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

other duties. About 1896 the Adrian Telephone Company was 
promulgated and Mr. Hunt became interested in it. In 1903 he 
severed his connection with the railroad to assume the active man- 
agement of the company, which, under his careful guidance and 
direction as vice-president and manager, has grown to be a con- 
cern of large proportions. He has been active in politics for a 
number of years, always on the side of the Democratic party. As 
the candidate of that party he served as mayor of the city from 
April, 1896, to April, 1897. ^^^ ^'^ igo2 and 1903 was a member of 
the city council, as one of the representatives of the old Fourth 
Ward, now the Third Ward. Beside his interest in the telephone 
company he is president of the Adrian Produce Company and a 
director in the Adrian State Savings Bank. Fraternally he is asso- 
ciated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the 
Blue Lodge of the Masonic order. On June 15, 1881, was cele- 
brated his union to Miss Ella D. Young, a native of New York 
and a daughter of the late William Young, a pioneer of Adrian. 
To this union was born, on Jan. 25, 1883, a son, Harold O., who 
graduated at the local high school in the class of 1901 and four 
years later received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the literary 
course at the University of Michigan. He is now associated with 
the Minnesota Trust Company of Minneapolis. Mr. Hunt is a 
talented musician and for more than twenty years was the leader 
of the opera house orchestra. As the leader of Hunt's Orchestra 
he was known locally and throughout the state as "Ollie" Hunt. 

Walter S. Goff, recent owner of the W. S. Gofif Stock and Dairy 
Farm, was born in Blissfield township, Lenawee county, March 
28, 1884, the son of Walter S. and Helen A. (Magill) Goff. His 
great-grandfather, Sewall S. Gofif, was born in Royalston, Mass., 
Jan. II, 181 1. When a young men he went to Niagara county. New 
York, living at Lewiston until 1829, when he came to Michigan 
and settled on section 29, Blissfield township, where he continued 
to reside until his death, which occurred on Jan. 23, 1865. On June 
13, 1830, Sewall S. Gofif was united in marriage to Mrs. Esther M. 
(Frary) Buck, the widow of Samuel Buck. Her daughter, born of 
her first marriage became the wife of Frederick Cannon. Three 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Sewall S. Gofif : a son, who died in 
infancy; Warner W., and Almira A., who married Almond L. Bliss, 
of Adrian. Mrs. Esther M. Gofif was born on Sept. 11, 1809, and 
passed away in Blissfield on May 29, 1839. Sewall S. Gofif's second 
wife, to whom he was married in 1840, was Miss Lucy Frary, the 
sister of his first wife. Lucy (Frary) Gofif was born on Feb. 5, 1820. 
Her father, David Frary, came to Michigan in 1817, when the Ter- 
ritory was almost an unbroken wilderness and inhabited by Indians. 
He located in Monroe county and resided there until his death on 
Oct. I, 1820. Mrs. Lucy Gofif was the mother of three children. 
Philander K. was born Dec. 24, 1843;" Leslie T., April i, 1845, ^"^l 
John H., March 28, 1849. Mrs. Gofif died in Blissfield township, 
July 31, 1850. The next year, 1851, Sewall S. Gofif was married to 
Flavilla Schenck, a native of Fulton, N. Y., who came to Michigan 
to teach school. There she met and married Mr. Gofif. She con- 



mB^m'W'Wi^M^M^ 








THE NE'A' ^"^^ 
PUBUC ! r: IIAHY 






BIOGRAPHICAL l6l 

tracted tuberculosis, from which she died in December, 1852. In 
1855 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Goff and Miss Emeline 
Van Wormer, who is still living. Warner ^^^ Goff, the subject's 
grandfather, with the exception of five years, always lived upon 
the farm where he ended his life's career. It is the old homestead 
of his parents, located just northeast of the corporate limits of 
Blissfield, on the west side. He was engaged in farming all his 
life, and was a very public-spirited man, took an active part in local 
affairs, had the honor of being justice of the peace for twenty 
years, and was also a member of the school board. On April 19, 
1853, A\'arner W. Goff w^as united in marriage to Imogene Peters, 
the daughter of James S. and Susan (Squire) Peters, of Preble, 
Courtland county. New York. Four children were born to this 
union. AYillis E. and Margaret L. died in infancy; Walter S., born 
Jime 17. 1858; and Burton L.. born Sept. 6, 1861, died May 7, 1863. 
Imogene (Peters) Goff w^as born in Preble, Courtland county, Xew^ 
York, May 27, 1836, and came to Michigan rn 1850 to live with her 
uncle, Richard Peters, the founder of the village of Petersburg, 
Monroe countv. She taught school in Monroe and Lenawee coun- 
ties prior to her marriage. Her father, James Peters, was a native 
of Johnstown, N. Y., where he w^as born on May 28, 1802, and died 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec. 27, 1853. Mrs. Goff"'s mother w'as a na- 
tive of Connecticut and a sister of Jay Gould's father. She died 
in Syracuse, N. Y., July 29, 1847. Walter S. Goff, Sr., married Aliss 
Helen A. Magill on June 20, 1883. Her parents were pioneer resi- 
dents of Michigan. William Magill, her father, was a successful 
lumberman of the state. Mrs. Helen Goff was born at Freesoil, 
Mich., April 12, 1854. She bore one son, \A'alter S., Jr., the subject 
of this sketch. Walter S. Goff, Sr., died June 26, 1886, and was 
survived by his widow^ until Feb. 19, 1894, wdien she, too, passed 
away at Hudson. Walter S. Goff, Jr., the subject of this sketch, re- 
received his education in the public schools of Blissfield, graduating 
in the West Side High School in the class of 1902. After finishing his 
studies he went West, and was married at White Oaks, X. Mex., 
Oct. 5, 1902, to Anna M., daughter of David S. and Emma C. (Ford) 
Hull. Mr. Hull w-as born in New Jersey, July 7, 1838, and Mrs. Hull 
at Eaton Rapids, Mich.. April 6, 1857. They now reside in Blissfield 
township, near the Goff farm. Mrs. Goff was born in Deerfield, May 
2j, 1883, and received her education at Petersburg, ISIonroe county. 
Six months after his marriage, Mr. Goff' returned to I'.ritton and 
engaged in farming, w'ith his father-in-law, D. S. Hull. In tlie 
fall of 1903 he bought a half interest in the Blissfield Advance, 
from John C. How^ell, then bought the other half, and for two 
years lie managed this newspaper with marked success, at the ex- 
piration of which time he was able to dispose of his interest to ad- 
vantage to H. D. Winte. For six months Air. and Mrs. Goff" trav- 
eled extensively. Their trip took them dow^n through Texas and 
into old Mexico, where they had the honor of dining with the vice- 
president, Senor Carral. They remained in Mexico several weeks, 
enjoving the sight-seeing in 'that beautiful, picturesque country, 
before passing up the western coast to San Francisco. From the 

II-2V 



l62 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Golden Gate thev sailed to the Hawaiian islands, there spent three 
weeks, and returned to the United States by the way of Vancouver. 
B. C. Mr. and Mrs. Goff were in San Francisco just previous to 
the terrible earthquake, April i8, 1906. Upon his return to Bliss- 
field ]SIr. Goff bought the farm owned by his grandfather, where 
he took up his residence. At different times he bought more land 
until he became the owner of about 300 acres of the best farming 
land in Lenawee county. He went into the dairy business upon 
a large scale, and accumulated a herd of cattle which numbered 
about forty head. He erected seven fine barns on his place and 
put up three new^ silos. He had stable room for eighty cows 
in addition to room for all his other live stock. Recently he sold 
his farm and dairy interests to Henry Ross, who is conducting the 
business along the same general lines. Mr. Ross is an energetic 
and very capable farmer and dairyman, and under his proprietor- 
ship the' business is being continued with the same vigor and re- 
sultant success that characterized it under its former owner. Mr. 
Goft' is at present connected with the Kalamazoo Tank and Silo 
Company, but still maintains an active interest in agricultural and 
dairying pursuits. Mr. Goff is a Republican in politics, and takes 
an active interest in local affairs. He is prominent in fraternal 
circles, being a Knight Templar of the Masonic Order, a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks of Adrian, and of the Eastern Star. He has al- 
ways taken an intense interest in newspaper work, and is now a 
member of the Amateur Press Association. In this Twentieth cen- 
tur}'-, Avhich is one of progress, it is the younger men who are forging 
to the front in commercial and industrial life. Although only 
twenty-five years of age, Mr. Goft' is regarded as one of the sound 
and substantial business men of this locality. Two children have 
been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Goff: Alice ^I., 
born Feb. 11. 1904, and Aubrey O., born June 5, 1908. 

Fred L. Hughes, one of the most successful business men in 
Adrian and the representative of the Massachusetts Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of Springfield. Mass., was born in Allegan 
county, Michigan, on March 27, 1867. His father was Solomon B. 
Hughes, a pioneer resident of Allegan county, born in Pennsyl- 
vania,- Feb. 2, 1826, and died Nov. 14, 1895, in Hillsdale county. 
His mother was Sarah Emma (Belden) Hughes, born at George- 
town, Madison county. New York, Feb. 21, 1833. AMien she was 
but four years of age her parents moved to Middlefield. Geagua 
county, Ohio, where she was reared and educated, the seventh 
child in a family of nine. There she met Solomon Hughes, and 
their marriage occurred at her home in 1851. The parents remained 
on the family homestead with Mrs. Hughes' widowed grandmother 
until they moved to Michigan in 1859. The father drove through 
the country with a few household possesions that the family took 
w^ith them to their new home. The mother, the aged grandmother, 
an aunt, and three small children started out to make the adven- 
turous journey to Michigan alone. They went by way of "Cleve- 



BIOGRAPHICAL l63_ 

land and Detroit to Kalamazoo, where the father met them and 
they proceeded together to Allegan county and there they estab- 
lished a home in the almost unbroken wilderness of Watson town- 
ship. At that early day the country was covered by virgin forest, 
and Mr. Hughes cleared his farm, built a home and reared a family 
of six children, the younger three of whom were born in Allegan 
county. Here on the first Michigan homestead the parents lived 
for twenty years. Mrs. Hughes' youngest daughter became her 
constant companion ; they lived at Rollin village, Seneca county, 
and for the last few years resided at Vicksburg, Kalamazoo county. 
Mrs. Hup'hes saw the friends of her vouth, middle life and later 
years pass away — father, mother, sisters and brothers, husband 
and children — and on Feb. 21, 1908, at the age of seventy-five years, 
she, too, took the long journey. On the frontier, schools were 
scarce and she was not only a mother, but also a teacher to her 
children. Interested in all the questions of the day, she was a great 
reader and took an active part for many years in the reform move- 
ments for the benefit of the community in which she lived. For 
over forty 3-ears she had been a believer in spiritualism and had no 
fear of death, as she felt that when the end of life came she would 
join her beloved ones and know no parting again. Fred L. Hughes, 
the subject of this review and the next to the youngest child in the 
family, was the youngest son. He received an excellent educa- 
tional training at the Quaker school in Rollin township and sub- 
sequently attended the Fayette Normal School. After finishing his 
studies he engaged in the mercantile business with his father, and 
after the parents' death he managed the store himself until about 
ten years ago, when he began to handle life insurance. In 1901 -Mr. 
Hughes came to Adrian and opened up an office as the representa- 
tive of the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, of 
Springfield, which was incorporated in 185 1. He has been remark- /i 
ably successful in the business, and is conceded by the home office • 
to have more business for the size of the territory he covers, tliany 
any other local agent. He has written over $3,000,000 insurance 
for 1,000 policy holders, which speaks for itself, and as he repre- 
sents but this one company, well establishes not only his business 
ability, but his personal popularity. In politics he is allied with 
the Democratic party, but while he takes an active interest in the 
welfa:re of the community he has never aspired to hold public of- 
fice. On Jan. 25, 1896, Mr. Hughes was united in marriage to Miss 
Lura M. boolittle, at Adrian. She is the daughter of Charles H. 
Doolittle, a pioneer of Hillsdale, Mich., who came to this state at 
an early day and entered government land in Wheatland township, 
where he still resides. Mrs. Hughes was born on her father's 
homestead and received her educational training in the excellent 
public schools and subsequently attended the high school at Hud- 
son, where she graduated with' honor. After finishing her studies 
she taught for nineteen terms in Hillsdale county schools before 
her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Hughes are the parents of three boys 
and one girl— Lawrence B., born Dec. 26. 1897. in Wheatland town- 
ship. Hillsdale county; Lloyd I., born Feb. 8, 1901, in the village 



l64 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

of Seneca, Lenawee county; Charles W., born March 8, 1904, at 
Adrian, and Helen M., born June 6, 1908, at Adrian. Mr. Hughes 
has his office at 3 West Maumee street and resides at 8 Park street. 
Barzillai Hurry, retired, one of the respected citizens of Te- 
cumseh. was born on a farm in Franklin township, Lenawee 
county, Twne 16, 1844, the son of John and Harriet (Pawson) 
Hurrv, both born in England. The father came to Lenawee county 
in 1834 and for a year was engaged in the construction of the Chi- 
cago turnpike. Then he purchased eighty acres of land and gradually 
added to it until at the time of his death in 1865 he owned 120 
acres of the finest farm land in the county. His wife, whose 
death occurred ten years after her husband's, came to New York 
with her mother in 1832, and subsequently came to Michigan, 
where she was married to Mr. Hurry, in 1842. The father was a 
Republican in his political belief and he and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Barzillai Hurry, the 
only child of his parents, was reared on a farm and received the 
limited educational advantages afforded by the common schools 
of his day. For some years he assisted his father in the conduct of 
the home farm and subsequently purchased the old G. D. Perry 
farm, four miles west of Tecumseh. There are altogether 170 
acres in the property and up to 1901 Mr. Hurry did a general 
farming business, making an exceedingly paying proposition of it 
by hard work and the application of modern methods. In the year 
above named Mr. Hurry removed to Tecumseh and now owns a 
beautiful home in that city, though he still retains the title to the 
farm, which he leases. In his political relations he has always 
been a staunch Republican and served the township four years 
as justice of the peace. Fraternally he is allied with Tecumseh 
Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons, and with the State 
Grange, and has the distinction of having been the first master of 
the first grange — -that at Tipton — organized in Lenawee county. 
Mr. Hurry has been twice married. On Dec. 22. 1868, was cele- 
brated his union to Miss Harriet E. Love, a daughter of ]\Ir. and 
Mrs. Austin Love, who were very early settlers in Franklin town- 
ship. Two children were born to this union, both of whom died in 
infancy. Mrs. Hurry died in 1872. and on March 12, 1874, Mr. 
Hurry was united in marriage to Miss Adella DuBois, a native of 
Mason, Mich., the daughter of Rev. Robert and Harriet (Wells) 
DuBois. Reverend DuBois, who was a minister of the Gospel of 
the Methodist Episcopal faith, was born in St. Lawrence county, 
New York, on Dec. 12, 1820, and his wife's birthday was April 9, 
1 82 1. He came to Michigan when a boy, his first charge was the 
church at Dundee, Mich., and he died in Ann Arbor, Washtenaw 
county, in i860. His widow, who came to Hillsdale county with 
her parents, Roderick and Mary (Greenleaf) Wells, in 1839, ^^'^d 
in Tecumseh on April 19, 1902. Mrs. Hurry was educated in the 
Ann Arbor schools and was engaged in teaching for six years prior 
to her marriage. The issue of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Hurrv 
has been four children. Clarence B., born July 28, 1876, was grad- 
uated at the Tecumseh High School and iii 1900 at the University 



BIOGRAPHICAL 165 

of Michigan. For five 3'ears he was employed as a statistician by 
the United States Government, but is now associated with the 
Street Railway Advertising Company of New York City. His 
uife was formerly Aliss Alice Fryer, and they have one child, 
Ross. Charles D. Hurry, born April 13, 1878, completed his course 
in the University of Michigan in 1900, and for some years was in- 
ternational secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association. 
He is now continental secretary for South America of the same or- 
ganization. His wife was formerly Miss Daisy Girton, of Madison. 
They are at present (1909) residing in Buenos Ayres, Argentine, 
S. A. Harriet Adelle Hurry, born April 4, 1880, graduated at the 
University of Michigan and has for two years been engaged as 
instructor in Latin in the Tecumseh High School. The youngest 
child, Robert Bruce, was born Feb. 4, 1883, and died Sept. 19, 1886. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hurry are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and take an active interest in the various organizations 
connected therewith. Their children were all reared in that faith. 
Nathaniel Jackson has been a resident of Lenawee count}'- for 
nearly forty years and that he is now numbered among the pros- 
perous farmers of the county is due to his own energy and ability, 
for he has been dependent upon his own resources from his boy- 
hood days and has always been one of the world's valiant army of 
workers. He is now the owner of a well improved farm of forty 
acres, in Clinton township, on rural free mail delivery route No. 3. 
His career has been characterized by inviolable integrity, hence 
he has not been denied the full measure of popular confidence and 
regard in the county which has so long represented his home. Mr. 
Jackson was born in the city of Baltimore, Md., Feb. 20, 185 1, and 
is a son of Peter and Sarah (Boyce) Jackson, both natives of Ire- 
land, where their marriage was solemnized before they immi- 
grated to America. They took up their abode in the city of 
Baltimore, where they remained until the inception of the Civil 
war, when they removed to Philadelphia, where the devoted wife 
and mother died in 1862. The father had in the meantime enlisted 
as a private in Company A, Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania infantry, 
commanded by Col. John W. Geary, who rose to the rank of briga- 
dier-general, and after the war became governor of Pennsylvania. 
He continued in active service with this regiment until the close 
of the war, and was a faithful and gallant soldier of the republic, 
but did not long survive to enjoy the advantages of the united 
nation whose integrity he had aided in preserving, as he died in 
1866. hence the subject of this sketch was but fifteen years of age 
when thus doubly orphaned. Nathaniel Jackson gained his early 
educational training in the public schools of various states and 
while yet a mere lad began to provide for his own maintenance, 
by taking up any sort of work which came to hand. He was not 
lacking in ambition and definite purpose ,and he knew the "uses of 
adversity" through his own experiences. In 1870 he came to 
Lenawee county, Michigan, and here he worked by the month until 
he had saved, through much self-denial, the sum of $1,000. With 
this capital he engaged in the buying and shipping of sheep, but 



l66 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

his operations were not successful and he met with the loss of the 
greater portion of his hard-earned savings. This did not dampen 
his courage, however, and he forthwith turned his attention once 
more to working by the month, principally on farms. In 1884, 
after he had placed' another $1,000 to his credit, he utilized his 
earnings in purchasing his present farm, which comprises forty 
acres, most eligibly located in Clinton township. He has brought 
his farm to a high state of cultivation and productiveness, has 
erected good buildings on the place and installed other modern 
improvements, while he has utilized scientific principles in the 
carrying forward of all departments of the farm enterprise. His 
energy and progressive ideas have thus enabled him to gain inde- 
pendence and to claim one of the attractive homesteads of this 
favored section of the Wolverine State. In politics, while never 
an aspirant for public office, Mr. Jackson gives an intelligent and 
active support to the principles of the Republican party. He is 
affiliated with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and both he and his wife hold membership in the Baptist 
church. On Sept. 3, 1896, Mr. Jackson was united in marriage 
to Miss Gertrude May Smith, who was born in Seneca township, 
this county. May 19, 1878, a daughter of William H. and Lucy 
(Onweller) Smith, both natives of this county, the former born 
in 1854 and the latter in 1857. William H. Smith is a son of 
Christopher and Margaret (Van Sickle) Smith, who were num- 
bered among the sterling pioneers of Lenawee county, where they 
continued .to reside until their death. James and Mary (Ahvard) 
Onweller, the maternal grandparents of Mrs. Jackson, were also 
pioneers of Lenawee county, and Mr. Onweller was a valiant 
soldier in the Civil war. He died in Morenci, Mich., and his wife 
in Ohio. William H. and Lucy Smith became the parents of six 
children, of whom three are living. Concerning the three children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Jackson the following brief data are entered : 
Sarah Lucy, born April 25, 1898, died in infancy; Lela May, born 
Sept. 9, 1902 ; and Nathaniel Wlnfield, born April 30, 1906. 

Samuel Jackson, a prominent contractor and builder of Lena- 
wee county, who resides at Blissfield, was born in Riga township, 
that county, Dec. 6. 1872, the son of John A. and Marguerite (Goll) 
Jackson. The mother, a native of Germany, was born in 1846, and 
the father was born in Queen Anne county, Maryland, in 1836. He 
was a carpenter by vocation, who came west in an early day and 
located in Northern Ohio, where for some years he was employed 
in a sawmill. In 1855 he settled in Riga township and for many 
years was engaged at his trade. In 1890 he purchased a farm in 
Riga township, on which he now resides. Six children were born 
to the parents. Lillie A. (Jackson) Randolph lives in Adrian 
township; Hattie (Jackson) Robbins lives in Palmyra township; 
William P. is a resident o^ Tipton, Mich.; Emma (Jackson) Scott 
also lives in Tipton ; and John is in the employ of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern railway, with headquarters in Adrian. 
Samuel Jackson enjoyed the limited educational advantages afford- 
ed by the district schools of Riga township, and after he had com- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 16/ 

pleted his scholastic training' he worked by the month for different 
farmers nntil he was twenty-three years of age. He then learned 
the carpenter's trade and ever since he mastered it has been lucra- 
tively employed. One of the latest structures which he has erected 
is a home of his own, modern in every detail and beautiful in its 
architectural design. Mr. Jackson is independent of party affilia- 
tion in his political views, and his deeply religious nature finds 
expression in membership in the United brethren church. On 
June 30. 1894. was celebrated Mr. Jackson's marriage to Miss I^ola 
'May Eddy, born in Riga township on March 7, 1874, the eldest 
of the four children of William and Mary (Randolph) Eddy, the 
others being Minnie (Eddy) Goodwin, a resident of Pennsylvania; 
Cora (Eddy) IJancroft, living at Cedar Springs, Mich.,; and David 
Eddy, living with his wudowed mother. Mr. Eddy was born in 
Riga township in 1854 and died in Blissfield on June 28, 1906. Tc^ 
Mr. and Mrs. Jackson was born, on Sept. 20, 1895, ^ daughter. 
Myrtle Alice. 

Alfred James, a prominent citizen of Tecumseh and a dealer 
in fire, plate glass and accident insurance, was born at Southamp- 
ton, England, May 12, 1831. He is the son of Samuel and Ann 
(DeMier) James, both born in England, the former on Dec. 27, 
1787, and the latter on Sept. 27, 1790. The father served his ap- 
prenticeship in the druggist's business in his native land and in 
1832 brought his family to Canada. In 1843 ^^ came to Ann 
Arbor, then he came to Tecumseh in April, 1845, ^"^ took up agri- 
cultural pursuits. Subsequently he embarked in the mercantile 
business, dealing chiefly in groceries and crockery, which fur- 
nished him a livelihood until the time of his death, which occurred 
in 1864. His widow^ passed away in 1889. Early in his life the 
father w^as a Whig, but later allied himself with the Democratic 
party. His father. Rev. Samuel James, was a rector of the Church 
of England, and he was all his life devoutly attached to that so- 
ciety. Five sons and two daughters were born to the parents, but 
two of whom, Alfred and Mrs. Emily B. W^right, sur\'ive. Alfred 
James, the subject of this review, received his educational advan- 
tages in the common schools of Sandwich and Windsor, Essex 
county, Ontario. After the family removed to Tecumseh he en- 
tered the mercantile business with his father, and for seventeen 
years was continuously and successfully engaged with him. After 
the parent's demise he continued the business alone for a time and 
then engaged in the insurance business, dealing in fire, plate glass 
and accident policies. For twenty-two years he has conducted the 
business which still occupies his time and attention, and in which 
he has made an exceptional success. In 1894 Mr. James erected in 
Tecumseh what is known as the James Block, a three-story brick 
structure with a floor space 41 by 100 feet, and now has his office 
in that building. Beside these' interests he is a stockholder in the 
-Vnthony Fence Company and the Tecumseh Manufacturing Com- 
pany. He has been unswerving in his allegiance to Democratic 
])rinciples and has held numerous offices as the successful candi- 
date of that party. For nine years he was supervisor and during 



l68 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

one year of the time acted as chairman of the board. He has served 
three terms as president of the village ; fourteen years as a mem- 
ber of the village board ; three years as township treasurer, and 
one term as deputy sheriff. On Sept. 6, 1831, Mr. James was bap- 
tized by his grandfather, Rev. Samuel James, in St. Mary's Epis- 
copal Church of Southampton, England, and has ever since been 
one of the devout communicants of that faith. Fraternally he be- 
came allied with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted 
Masons, in 1855, and is now also identified with Tecumseh Chapter, 
No. 52, Royal Arch Masons, and Blanchard Council, No. 34, Royal 
and Select Masters. He is also a member of Tecumseh Lodge, No. 
190, Knights of Pythias, and is one of the charter members of 
Tecumseh Chapter, No. 51, Order of the Eastern Star, which was 
organized at a meeting held at his home. On Sept. 16, 1856, was 
celebrated Mr. James' marriage to Miss Mary J. ^^^lite, a native 
of Syracuse, N. Y., and daughter of W^illiam and Eliza White, 
both of Avhom are deceased. Four children were the issue of this 
union. Samuel A., the eldest, is engaged in the wholesale glove 
and mitten business in Detroit, Mich. ; Alfred W. is a dealer in 
ladies' furs in Detroit ; Elida DeMier is the wife of Dr. E. F. 
Gamble, of Coldwater, Mich., and Walter E. is deceased. 

Otto E. Johnson, well known in the commercial life of Adrian 
as the president of the Maple City Granite Company, Incorpor- 
ated, w-as born in Sweden on June 5, 1865, the son of Anders and 
Louisa (Erickson) Johnson. Both parents were born in the old 
country and passed their entire lives there, the father being for 
forty-one years a dairyman for Lord Rojsjolt, and when he retired 
w^as granted a pension by that nobleman. Of the eleven children 
born in Sweden eight are now living, two sons and two daugh- 
ters in America. One son, Albert, lives in the state of Oregon ; 
Mrs. Hilma Johnson makes her home in Chicago, 111., and Mrs. 
Anna Cain in Lansing. Mich. Otto E. Johnson is the eighth in 
order of birth of the children of his parents. He received the ex- 
cellent scholastic training afforded by the schools of his native 
land, and w^hen twenty years of age came to the United States, 
locating in Adrian. During the first eleven months after his ar- 
rival he was engaged in agricultural pursuits, devoting his leisure 
moments to the study of the English language and American insti- 
tutions. xA.t the end of that period he removed to Adrian and 
secured employment of W. H. Harrison, of whom he learned the 
trade of granite cutting. After he had mastered the vocation he 
w-ent to Jackson and worked there as a journeyman for a short 
period. Upon his return to Adrian he became an employe of the 
Michigan Granite Company, and for fourteen years labored faith- 
fully in tlieir behalf, becoming meantime thoroughly conversant 
with every detail of the business. For a short time also he labored 
in a wider field, being associated with Cartwright Bros., of Detroit, 
Mich. In January, 1902, in partnership w^ith John A. Walker and 
Jf)hn Anderson, who remained a partner until his death, wiien his 
place in the partnership was taken by Andrew Anderson, whose 
sketch appears elsewhere in this work, Mr. Johnson established 



. BIOGRAPHICAL 169 

the ]\Iaple City Granite Company and was made president of the 
concern, so that today he is the owner of a one-third interest in one 
of the most enterprising- and flourishing companies in Southern 
^Michigan. The plant is fully equipped with the most modern and 
improved machinery, and all appliances known to the business, 
such as finishing-, polishing, carving, lettering and tracing ma- 
chines, compressed air machines and a hoisting crane, power being 
furnished by electric motor. The quality of the work turned out 
has won patronage for the concern from all parts of the state. In 
his political views Mr. Johnson is aligned with the Republican 
party, but has nexer sought public office for himself. His deeply 
religious nature finds expression in membership in tl-^e Methodist 
Protestant church, to whose material and spiritual welfare he has 
contributed liberally. Fraternally he is identified with the Knights 
of the Maccabees. On Sept. 12, 1889, was solemnized Mr. John- 
son's marriage to Miss Barbara Hoenes, a daughter of Matthew 
Hoenes. a respected pioneer of Adrian. Six children, namely, 
Leona E., Elsie, Donald, Clarence, Annie ahd Yvonne, have been 
the issue of this union. Leona, the eldest, now nineteen years of 
age, is a talented musician and has delighted many Adrian' audi- 
ences with her ability. The Johnson home is at 35 Erie street. 

George N. Jones, who for many years was connected with 
\\'aldby & Cla3'"s State Bank and is now devoting himself to the 
management of his agricultural interests, was born in Madison 
township, Lenawee county, Nov. 29. 1868, the son of John F. and 
Lucy R. (Crane) Jones. The father was one of eight children of 
Samuel and Lydia (Gardner) Jones, and was born Oct. 30, 1819, 
in De Ruyter, Madison county. New York. Previous to coming to 
Lenawee county, in 1850, he married Miss Ann E. Lliggins, of 
Pultneyville. X. Y. His first residence in the county was in Madi- 
son township, where he lived for several years. After the death of his 
wife he married, on Jan. 14. 1864, Miss Lucy R. Crane, the daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. George L. Crane, of Madison toivnship, and 
for three years they made their residence in the city. Then the 
father added more land to his holdings in Madison township and 
removed there with his family, making that his home until July, 
1876, when he returned to the city and moved into the house which 
he had erected at 24 Broad street. In addition to his farming in- 
terests he did a general business in veterinary surgery and was 
known throughout the city for his skill in that line. At his death, 
on Dec. 16, 1905. he left besides his widow, three children. Harriet 
Belle, now Mrs. Carleton S. Hoag, of Detroit ; George Xelson. of 
this sketch, and Jennie Elizabeth, now Mrs. Otis M. Peavey, of 
Adrian. Both daughters graduated at the high school. George X. 
Jones left that institution before he had completed his studies to 
enter -the employ of the Waldby & Clay State Bank as a messenger. 
From that position he was promoted to teller and later to assistant 
cashier, which place he was filling when he resigned in 1906 to 
assume the management of the agricultural interests left by his 
father at his death. His farm consists of 134 acres of excellent 
land, which he devotes to general farming and more especially to 



I/O MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

dairy work. Mrs. Hoag has lOO acres adjoining liis and Mrs. 
Peavey i6o acres in Adrian township, and Mr. Jones attends to the 
management of both these farms. In 1908 Mr. Jones was the can- 
didate of the Democratic party for county clerk, and although he 
made an active campaign and his popularity was attested by his 
running" far ahead of the other men on the ticket, he Avent down in 

O ... 

defeat with his party. Fraternally he is associated with the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Although he is not a mem- 
ber he attends divine worship at the Episcopal church, to which 
his wife belongs. On June 23. 1897, was celebrated in Christ Epis- 
copal Church the wedding of Mr. Jones and Miss Elizabeth Clark, 
a daughter of the late Fred Clark, of Adrian. To this union has 
been born one daughter, Wilma Elizabeth, now seven years of age. 
The Jones home is at No. 11 Division street, which was a wedding 
gift from Mr. Jones' father. 

Leonidas M. Jones, M. D,, a prominent physician of the 
homeopathic school, was born at Hanover, Mich., Dec. 12, 1874, 
the son of Dr. Oliver O. Jones, whose sketch appears elsewhere in 
this volume. At the age of six years the subject of this review 
came to Tecumseh with his parents, and received his educational 
advantages in the schools of that village. After graduation at the 
local high school he matriculated in the Detroit Homeopathic 
Medical College and was there graduated with the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine in 1906. Prior to graduation he served two years 
as interne in Grace Hospital, and when he started upon the prac- 
tice of his profession in Tecumseh, he was thoroughly equipped 
for an active career. Politically he is absolutely independent of 
party ties, preferring to exercise his right of franchise as his best 
judgment dictates rather than at the will of party leaders. In a 
fraternal way Dr. Jones is prominent in a number of orders. - He is 
allied with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69. Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Tecumseh Chapter, No. 42, Royal Arch Masons ; Blanchard Coun- 
cil, No. 34, Royal and Select Masons; Adrian Commandery, No. 4, 
Knights Templars, and the Tecumseh Lodges of the Knights of 
Pythias, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Modern \\^oodmeii of 
America and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. Professionally he is 
a member of the Ustion Medical Society of Detroit, and in religious 
matters is allied with the Methodist Episcopal church. In 1897 
was celebrated Dr. Jones' marriage to Miss Lena Wyrill, a daugh- 
ter of the late Thomas Wyrill, who died in Tecumseh in 1905, and 
was one of the pioneer settlers of the community. To Dr. and 
Mrs. Jones has been born a son, Oliver Quincy. Dr. Jones has a 
host of friends in Lenawee county and they predict for him a bril- 
liant future in his chosen profession. 

Oliver Quincy Jones, M. D., one of the foremost physicians 
of Lenawee county and a resident of Tecumseh, was born at Cam- 
den, Hillsdale county, Michigan, April 24, 1851. He is the son of 
Leonidas Meltidas and Charlotte Ann (Holcomb) Jones. The for- 
mer, (A Welsh extraction, was born in Painesville, Ohio, on Aug. 24, 
1822, and the latter in Canandaigua, N. Y., July 4, 1821. The pa- 
ternal grandfather, James Benair Jones, was born in Wales about 



BIOGRAPHICAL I7I 

1790. and emigrated to America about 1805, locating in Connecti- 
cut, and later at Painesville, Ohio, where he married Miss Lois 
Olds, about 1811. He served as a captain in the American army 
during- the War of 181 2, and as early as September, 1828, came 
west to Michigan. He located in Hillsdale count}- and became the 
first settler of Jonesville. the village being platted and named in 
his honor. By profession he was a civil engineer, but later de- 
voted his time to other enterprises. In Jonesville he erected the 
first hotel, which became known as the Favette House, and a^ain 
he answered the call of his countrv bv enlisting for militarv service 
in the Black Hawk war. His death occurred in Grimes county, 
Texas, in 1861, gind his widow, nee Lois Olds, a native of Ohio, 
lived with her son, Leonidas, at Brooklyn, Mich., until her death 
in 1875. They were the parents of eight children. Their only 
daughter was born on the banks of the St. Joseph river, on the 
site of the present village of Jonesville, and was the first white 
child born in Hillsdale county. Leonidas M. Jones, the father, 
came to Jonesville with his parents and received the limited edu- 
cational advantages afir'orded by the district schools of his day. 
He was for a time engaged in the hotel and grocery business, and 
on May 24, 185 1, with his family, consisting of a wife and two chil- 
dren, removed to Grimes county, Texas. He there entered 320 
acres of land under the homestead law. Subsequently he was ap- 
pointed a collector for the State Orphan Asylum of Texas, which 
position he held for five years, and during that time he visited on 
horseback every county seat in the state, some of them several 
times. AA'hile attending to his duties in this capacity he regained 
his lost health and devoted his spare moments to the study of 
medicine. W'hije traveling over the state he met a Dr. King, a 
homeopathic physician, who first interested him in the study of 
medicine in that school, presenting him with a work on homeo- 
pathy, which Dr. Jones read, and which caused him to adopt that 
school of medicine. In 1858 he was granted the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine by the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College and 
returned to Camden, ^lich.. to open an office. After two years 
he removed to Brooklyn, Jackson county, and there, on Jtdy 4, 
i860, started the practice in which he was successfully and lucra- 
tively occupied for forty-five years, or until his death on Jan. 30, 
1905. His wife died in 1883. In his early political relations he 
Avas a W'hig, but after the obsorption of that party by the Repub- 
lican organization he became a Democrat, and remained true to the 
]MMnci]:)les of that party until the Prohibition party was given birth. 
He and his wife were devout members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and he contributed to the material and spiritual advance- 
ment of that society by building at his own expense a ]^Iethodist 
chapel and b}' acting as class leader for many years. In 1851 he 
Avas made a member of the Blue Lodge of the Masonic order at 
Jonesville; in 1865 he became one of the charte.r meml^ers of the 
Brooklyn Chapter, and later was made a Knight Templar in the 
Jackson Commandery. Dr. Oliver O. Jones, the subject of this 
review, received his preliminary education in the schnnls (^f r.nM)k- 



172 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Ivn and at the age of seventeen years entered his father's office to 
begin the study of medicine, into which profession he had deter- 
mined to enter. In 1871 he matriculated at the Cleveland Homeo- 
pathic Medical College, where his father had graduated some years 
before, and on Feb. 12, 1873, was given the degree of Doctor of 
INIedicine. Upon his return to Brooklyn he became associated with 
his father and remained with him until 1874. On Feb. 19 of that 
year he was united in marriage to Miss Delia A. Sanford, of 
Brooklyn, and on Oct. 28 of the same year opened an office in Han- 
over, Jackson county, for private practice. There for seven years 
he was successfully engaged, and when he left on Oct. 28, 1881, it 
was to form a partnership with Dr. R. B. House, his brother-in-law, 
in Tecumseh. Ever since that time Tecumseh has been his home 
and the citizens of that village have come to recognize him as one 
of its ablest and most progressive men. Professionally he is 
prominently identified with the State Homeopathic Society and 
the Michigan State and the Lenawee Countv Medical societies. 
Dr. Jones was first made a Mason in 1878. He is now a member of 
Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; Tecumseh 
Chapter. No. 42, Royal Arch Masons ; Blanchard Council, No. 34, 
Royal and Select Masters ; Adrian Commandery, No. 4. Knights 
Templar; Moslem Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Detroit, 
and is a Scottish Rite Mason. On Oct. 27, 1907, he was elected presi- 
dent of the Harry R. Winn Class, Michigan Sovereign Consistory. 
Ancient, Accepted Scottish Rite, Valley of Detroit, which honor 
and distinction he holds for life. Both Dr. and Mrs. Jones are mem- 
bers of the Friends church of Tecumseh. They have one son, Leon- 
idas M., now a practicing physician of Tecumseh. 

Wade L. Jones, junior member of the firm of J. M. Jones & 
Son, merchant tailors, of Tecumseh, was born in that village on 
Aug. 4, 1884, the son of James M. and Florence L. (DePuy) Jones. 
Both parents were born in Tecumseh, the father on May 15, 1856, 
and the mother on Dec. 25, 1857. The paternal grandfather. David 
Jones, was born in Wales in 1824 and came to Tecumseh with his 
wife, nee Anne Meredith, in 1851. He, too, was a tailor, and for a 
time after coming to Tecumseh worked for a Mr. Scherer, but later 
established a business under his name. His death occurred on Aug. 
6, 1904, and his wife's demise was on Jan. 10, 1900. The maternal 
grandparents, James V. and Maria (Whitenack) DePuy, were born 
in the Empire state in 1821 and 1820, respectively, and both died 
in Tecumseh, Mr. DePuy in 1871 and his wife in 1901. James M. 
Jones, the father, received his educational advantages in the Te- 
cumseh schools and served his apprenticeship in the tailor's trade 
under the preceptorship of his father. For a period of six years 
he was in the employe of Kies Bros., and then, in 1887. engaged in 
a partnership known as Jones & Hazlett. This was continued until 
1891. and from that year until the partnership was formed with 
his son, he was in business alone. He is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, the Royal Arcanum, and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 
Wade L. Jones, the subject of this review, is the only child of his 
parents. He received his education in the public and high schools 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1/3 

of Tecumseh and when he had completed the course in the latter 
institution he learned his vocation in the employ of his father. In 
the spring of 1906, in connection with his father, he established 
the merchant tailoring establishment of J. M. Jones & Son, which 
is now recognized as one of the leading and most modern estab- 
lishments of its kind in Lenawee county. Mr. Jones has given un- 
swerving support to the men and measures of the Democratic 
party. As the successful candidate of that party he served for two 
years as township clerk and is now serving his second year as vil- 
lage clerk. Fraternally he is prominently identified with Tecum- 
seh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons, Tecumseh Chapter, 
No. 42, Royal Arch Masons, and Blanchard Council, No. 34, Royal 
and Select blasters, and is also a member of the Tecumseh Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias. On Oct. 22, 1907, was solemnized Mr. Jones' 
marriage to Miss Lena F. Smith. To this union was born, on Oct. 
I. 1908, a daughter. Mrs. Jones is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. 

Clarence E. Judson, telegraph operator at Lenawee Junction, 
was born on a farm in Raisin township, on Feb. 4, 1850. He is the 
son of Lucius V. and Mary O. (Horton) Judson, the former born 
in Monroe county, New York, Aug. 30, 1826, and the latter a na- 
tive of Orange county in the same state. The paternal grandfather, 
Lucius Judson, was a farmer by occupation and came to Raisin 
township first in 1832. The same year he entered a tract of govern- 
ment land in the township and in 1834 brought his family west. 
This continued to be his residence until his death, about ten years 
after his coming. The father continued on the same place, clearing 
and improving it, and replacing the old log cabin with a modern 
brick dwelling, the brick being made on the farm. In 1888, the 
Wabash railway having purchased a right of way through the prop- 
erty, which made it less desirable for farming purposes, the father 
sold the place and purchased another in Raisin township, w^here 
he has since resided. He continued in the active management of 
the place until a few years ago, when he retired, and although he 
still makes his home there the operations are conducted hv others. 
The father was twice married. Flis first wife died in February, 
1865, leaving two children, Clarence E., of this review, and Mary 
A., the wife of Charles A. Newton, of Addison. To his second 
marriage, which occurred in 1866. five children were born, namely: 
Alice M., wife of Frederick Hauser, a farmer near Hanover. Mich.; 
Frank V., a farmer residing in Raisin township ; Clara, wife of 
Norman Bixby, a carpenter, living in Adrian, and Fred and Floyd, 
both farmers in Raisin township. Clarence E. Judson took ad- 
vantage of the educational training afiforded by the Raisin town- 
ship district school, the Raisin Valley Seminary and Adrian Col- 
lege. When eighteen years of age he became a school teacher, the 
institution of which he had charge being near his home. Two 
years later he left home to learn the art of telegraphy at Lenawee 
Junction and has been there ever since with the exception of four 
months at Sandusky, Ohio, and six months at A\niitc Pigeon, Mich. 
He served in the double capacity of agent and operator until the 



174 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

junction was made a freight station, since which time he has acted 
as operator, a period of forty years. Within the past few months 
Mr. Judson has sold his property adjoining the railroad property at 
the junction and has purchased a farm of 125 acres one and one-half 
miles from the station. In the matter of politics he is allied with 
the Democratic part}^, but has never aspired to become an office 
holder. On July 15, 1875, Vv^as celebrated the marriage of Mr. Jud- 
son and Miss Harriet E. Calkins, born in Palmyra township on 
April 13, 1853, the daughter of Lorentus and Sophia (Hollister) 
Calkins. Mr. and Mrs. Calkins w'ere both born in New York, the 
father in Wayne and the mother in Genesee county, and the former 
was in early life a carpenter, but later became a farmer. Four chil- 
dren were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Judson : Glenn 
M., the eldest, born Jan. 20, 1879, now a railroad man, employed 
in Ohio, married Miss Kittie B. Gofif, and to them two children 
w^ere born — Clarence (now deceased), and Ronald; Lynn C, born 
July 15, 1887, graduated at the Raisin Valley Seminary in 1905, 
and Sarah Beulah, born Feb. 17, 1890, graduated at the Adrian 
High School in 1908, and now lives with her parents. Lynn C. 
married Miss Jennie Bartholomew, who was born in Pennsylvania, 
and a graduate of Raisin Valle}^ Seminary, and now lives on a farm 
belonging to Mr. Judson. Paul, the second child, born March 22, 
1883, died in infancy. 

Frank D. Kellogg has significantly manifested in his career 
that power of concentration and consecutive application which 
makes for definite success, and he is now numbered among 
the representative business men and influential citizens of Lena- 
Avee county. He is one of the proprietors of the Morenci Roller 
Mills and is a business man of aggressive polic}'-, marked discrim- 
ination and honorable methods. Mr. Kellogg is a native of the old 
Buckeye state, where the family was founded in the pioneer days 
of that great commonwealth of the Union. He was born at Swan- 
ton, Fulton county, Ohio, Sept. 30. 1857, and is a son of Darwin and 
Mary E. (Abrams) Kellogg, both natives of the state of New York, 
where the former was born May 14, 1825, and the latter Jan. 14, 
1829. Darwin Kellogg was a child at the time of his parents' immi- 
gration from the Empire state to Ohio, and the family located in 
Huron county, where he was reared to manhood and wdiere he was 
afforded the advantages of the common schools of the period. In 
his youth he learned the trade of millwright, and he followed this 
for three years at Delta, Ohio, after which he located in Swanton, 
Ohio, where he eventually became the owner of a good farm, and 
where he also ow^ned and operated a saw mill. He continued to 
reside at Swanton until 1889, when he came with the subject of 
this sketch to Morenci, Mich., where he lived virtually retired 
thereafter until his death, which occurred Dec. 24, 1905. ^His wife 
died at Swanton. Ohio, Oct. 2, 1885, and of the two children Frank 
p., of this review% is the elder; the younger son, Eugene P., died 
in childhood. Darwin Kellogg was a Democrat in his political al- 
legiance and he and his wife were consistent members of the Uni- 
versalist church. Frank D. Kellogg was reared to maturitv in his 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1/5 

native town, where he was afforded the advantages of the public 
schools, including- the Swanton High School. After leaving school 
he was engaged in farm wook for a time, and he then entered upon 
an apprenticeship at the miller's trade, in Swanton, w^iere he re- 
mained for the ensuing seven years. He then, in 1889, came to 
Morenci, Mich., where he formed a partnership with Charles F. 
Buck and effected a lease of the Morenci Roller Mills, which the 
firm continued to operate under these conditions until 1902, when 
Mr. Kellogg purchased the property from J. H. Cochran, of ^^^il- 
liamsport, Pa. The mills have been brought up to the highest 
modern standard, the capacity has been doubled, and the business 
controlled is constantly expanding in scope and importance. In 
1904 Mr. Kellogg erected his present beautiful residence in Mo- 
renci, and he has otherwise shown his loyalty to the village of his 
adoption and the one in which his interests are now centered. In 
political matters he is found arrayed as a stanch supporter of the 
cause of the Democratic party, though he has had no ambition for 
public office of any description, and he and his wife hold member- 
ship in the Congregational church. He is a member of the Mich- 
igan Millers' Association, and is affiliated with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of Adrian, 
and the Knights of P3^thias. As a citizen he is essentially public- 
spirited, and he is ever ready to lend his aid and influence in sup- 
port of measures and enterprises tending to enhance the prosperity 
of his home village and county. On April 20, 1882, Mr. Kellogg 
was united in marriage to Miss Cora M. Gibbs, daughter of Edwin 
F. and Lucretia (Munger) Gibbs, both of whom were natives of 
the state of New York, and both of whom died at Swanton. Ohio, 
where Mr. Gibbs was a representative merchant. He was a Repub- 
lican in politics and he and his wife were devout members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Kellogg have three 
children, namely : Charles Ray, Glade and Mary Rena. The elder 
son is a valued employe in his father's mill and is one of the pop- 
ular young business men of Morenci. 

William J. Kerr is a pioneer farmer of Raisin township and one 
of its Irish born citizens, having been born in the Emerald Isle 
on March 4, 1837. He is the son of Robert and Mary (Henry) 
Kerr, who passed their entire lives across the water. 'Mr. Kerr's 
educational advantages were limited to the opportunities aft'orded 
by the common schools of his native land, ^^'hen but sixteen vears 
of age, this enterprising ^'^oung character crossed the ocean and 
came to Michigan, settling in Raisin township. For a number of 
}'ears he worked at various occupations, and by the practice of 
the strictest economy and frugality managed to acctmiulate a 
sufficient competence to enable him to purchase eighty acres of 
land, which he has since farmed. Tiie measure of success he has 
attained is best judged by his standing in the commmiity, in which 
he is regarded as one of the most advanced and scientific agricul- 
turists, as well as one of the most prosperous. Mr. Kerr has given 
staimch support to the principles of the Democratic party ever since 
he became a voter, but has never found the leisure to devote to 



1/6 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

becomino^ a candidate for official honors. He is natiirallv of a 
deeply religious nature, which finds expression in membership in 
and attendance upon the services of the Presbyterian church. 
In 1873 was celebrated Mr. Kerr's marriage to Miss Nancy Mur- 
dock, a daughter of Samuel and Margaret (Graham) Murdock. Mr. 
and Mrs. Murdock were both born in Ireland and came to this 
count}' early in its history, shaping themselves a home on land 
which they purchased from the government, and there passed the 
remainder of their lives. To Mr. and Mrs. Kerr were born four 
children — Samuel J., Delia J., Minnie I. and Kenneth D., all of 
whom survive. Mrs. Kerr died in May, 1904, and her passing was a 
distinct loss to the community, which had come to revere her as a 
woman of many fine qualities. 

Julia Porter Greene, M. D., is a skilled medical practitioner, 
who has risen to a position of prominence and respect in the com- 
munity in which she resides. Dr. Greene was born in Mantua, Ohio, 
May 8, 1847, the daughter of Joseph A. and Caroline Merritt (Case) 
Porter. She received her early education in the district school of 
Chester, Ohio, and from there went to Geauga Seminary, Chester, 
where she graduated with honor. The Doctor obtained her lit- 
erary education at Hiram College, Ohio, and in 1880 and 1881 
served as head nurse at Monat Union Sanitarium, Ohio. She de- 
termined to make the study of medicine her life work and went to 
Cleveland, where she graduated from the Cleveland Homeopathic 
Hospital College, with the degree of doctor of medicine in the fall 
of 1886. Immediately after graduation Dr. Greene came to Adrian, 
where she has since engaged in the active practice of her chosen 
profession. At various times she has broadened her first course by 
taking the practitioner's course in the homeopathic department 
of the University of Michigan. Dr. Greene is medical examiner for 
the Independent Order of Foresters, the Ladies of the Maccabees 
and the Knights and Ladies of Security. She has made the dis- 
eases of women and children and skin diseases her specialty, and 
has met with marked success along these lines. Professionallv the 
Doctor is allied with the Homeopathic Medical Society of the State 
of Michigan, the Lenawee County Medical Society, and the Cleve- 
land Homeopathic Hospital College Alumni Association. She has 
held various state and local offices in the Woman's Christian Tem- 
])erance Union, since the inception of that organization, and takes 
an active interest in all questions of the day, and especially those 
concerning the welfare and progress of the community. On Nov. 
16, 1866, Julia Porter was united in marriage with A. D. Greene. 
She has two sons — Louellon H., of Newbury, Ohio, and Forest W., 
who lives at Burton, Ohio. 

George J. Kempf, of Tecumseh, is one of the representative 
contractors and builders of Lenawee county and is a member of a 
family whose name has been identified with the annals of this 
county for half a centiu-y. Here he has made his home from his 
boyhood days and has risen through his own efiforts to a position 
of priority as a successful business man and loyal and popular 
citizen. Mr. Kempf claims the old Keystone State as the place 





c^ 



THE iVEW YORK 



As^o^, lfsox and 

TILDSN FT>tJN'OAT!ONS 
R L 



BIOGRAI'IIICAL 1/7 

of his nativity, since he was born in Mercer county, Pennsylvania, 
July i6, 1854, a son of Alatthew and Elizal^eth (Hostler) Kempf, 
both of whom were born and reared in Germany, where their mar- 
riag^e was solemnized. Upon their immigration to America they 
settled in Pennsylvania, where the father's death occurred in 1857. 
Mrs. Kempf subsequently became the wife of George Kempf, a 
brother of her first husband, and the family continued to reside 
in Pennsylvania until i860, when they came to Lenawee county, 
^Michigan, and settled in ^^lacon township. There George Kempf 
purchased a farm, which he has developed into one of the valuable 
places in that section of the county and which continues to be the 
home of himself and his wife, both now venerable in years and 
numbered among' the honored pioneer citizens of the county. They 
are zealous and consistent members of the Lutheran church, and 
Mr. Kempf is a Democrat in his political proclivities. Matthew 
and Elizabeth Kempf became the parents of two children, of whom 
the subject of this review is the elder, and his sister, Catherine, 
died in 1895 in Lenawee county. Of the second marriage eleven 
children were born, seven of whom are still living-. George J. 
Kempf, to whom this sketch is dedicated, was about six years of 
age at the time the family took up their residence in Lenawee 
coimty. and he was reared to maturity on the home farm in Macon 
township, where he was duly afforded the advantages of the public 
schools of the period. He has never lost interest in the great 
basic art of agricitlture and takes pride in the fact that he is the 
owner of a well improved farm of eighty acres in the township 
which represented his home for so many years. He continued to 
be actively identified with farm work until he had attained to the 
age of eighteen years, when he entered upon an apprenticeship 
at the carpenter's trade, in connection with which he became in 
due course of time a skilled artisan. He has since been continu- 
ously identified with the work of his trade and through his ability, 
recognized integrity and well directed efforts has gained a secure 
place as one of the leading contractors and builders of the county, 
^vhere are to be found many evidences of his skill and fidelity 
in his chosen vocation. Mr. Kempf took up his residence in 
Tecumseh in April, 1896, having previously maintained his home 
on his farm, in Macon township, and this city has since been his 
place of residence and the headquarters of his business opera- 
tions. He has held contracts not only for the erection of many 
of the best residences in this section of the county, but has also 
been a successful contractor in connection with public and busi- 
ness buildings of the higher type. He was associated with Frank 
Pocklington in the erection of the Masonic Temple in Tecumseh, 
the Globe Flour Mills, the fine hall of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the addition to the Anthony Fence Company's large 
building, and many other business buildings and i)rivate residences 
in both Tecumseh and Blissfield. He is inflexible in his devotion 
to the terms of his contracts and this fact has given him a high 
reputation as a business man, while it has also been a potent factc^r 
in conserving his success. Mr. Kempf is a progressive and public- 
i2-2y 



178 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

spirited citizen, is found arrayed as a stalwart supporter of the 
principles of the Democratic party and takes a loyal interest in 
local affairs. He served two years as township treasurer of Macon 
township, but has never been a seeker of public office. He and his 
wife hold membership in the Baptist church of Tecumseh, and 
he is affiliated with the lodge and encampment bodies of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, as well as the adjunct organiza- 
tion, the Daughters of Rebekah, and is also a member of the local 
tent of the Knights of the Modern Maccabees. On Christmas 
day of the year 1878 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Kempf 
to Miss Rosamond Gregory, who was born in Steuben county. 
New York, April 7, 1858, a daughter of David and Julia Ann 
(Miller) Gregory, both natives of Steuben county, New York, the 
former born Feb. 9, 1818, and the latter on April 28, 1822. They 
were married in Steuben county. New York, on June 7, 1837; came 
to Lenawee county in 1866 and settled on a farm in Macon town- 
ship, where they passed the remainder of their lives, the father 
passing away on Feb. 22, 1896, and the mother on March 17, 1878. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kempf have four children, concerning whom the fol- 
lowing brief data are consistently entered : David G., born in 
Macon township, Nov. 8, 1880, resides upon the homestead farm in 
Macon township, and is one of the successful and popular young 
agriculturists of this section of the county. He married Miss Eliza 
Sample and they have three children — Irving, Irene and Fay. 
Andrew L., the second son of the subject of this sketch, born Oct. 
16, 1885, is a carpenter by trade and is associated with his father's 
various building operations. He married Miss Pearl Cole and they 
have three children — Rena, Charles and Rosanna. Leonard, born 
Aug. 30, 1892, and Leroy C, born Jan. 11, 1896, the younger sons, 
are residing at home with their parents. 

David King, one of the enthusiastic and enterprising agricul- 
turists of Lenawee county, was born in Palmyra township, Sept. 
23, 1857, the son of Elijah and Harriet King. Flis parents were 
both born in England and were married in that country prior to 
coming to the United States in 1847. The father was a gardener in 
his native land, but after his Arrival in this country he worked for 
others in Ohio for some eighteen months. During the two years 
immediately following he resided in Adrian, where he worked in 
a brick and tile yard and assisted in the erection of one of the city's 
largest buildings. Having saved sufficient from his income, he 
purchased the farm where his son David now resides, and lived 
there until 1879. He then determined to retire, and, leasing his 
farm, moved to Tecumseh, where he lived quietly until his death 
in 1899. His wife died when their son David was a mere infant. 
Five children were born to the parents. Samuel is a farmer near 
Clinton, Mich. ; Sarah Ann resides in Palmyra township ; David 
is the subject of this review ;• Eli is a farmer in Fairfield township; 
and Emily is the wife of Ganford Mack, now residing in \Viscon- 
sin. David King's educational advantages were such as were 
afforded by the common schools of his native township. Lntil he 
was twenty-one years of age he resided with his parents, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 79 

then for a period worked by the month. After his marriage he 
settled on the farm which his father had first occupied, and has 
since continued Iiis residence there. He now devotes himself to 
general farmitig, not specializing in any one branch of the science. 
Besides this place of sixty acres, to which he now holds the title, 
he has two farms of forty acres each, one of which his oldest son 
now conducts. Mr. King expects to reside on his present place 
the balance of his life and has made all the improvements with the 
view of making it his permanent home. His only fraternal relations 
are with the Knights of the Maccabees at Ogden Center. Although 
he has been unswerving in his allegiance to the Republican party 
he has never sought public preferment for himself. On March 22, 
1882. was celebrated the marriage of Mr. King and Miss Elveretta 
Walker, born in Ogden township, Jan. 22, 1862, the daughter of 
John M. and Elsie Elmyra (Reynolds) Walker. Mr. Walker was 
born in New York state, March 15, 1831, and his wife in Jackson, 
Mich., Jan. 26, 1838. The former was a farmer by vocation, and 
came to Fairfield township with his parents when he was but two 
A'ears of age. When he had attained to his majority he learned 
the trade of wagon-maker, and was, engaged as a journeyman for 
five or six years at Ionia, Mich. He then returned to Lenawee 
county and purchased a farm in Ogden township, where he resided 
for eighteen years, leaving it to remove to Gratiot county, Michi- 
gan, where his death occurred eight years later, Oct. 19, 1889. 
His widow passed away Oct. 16, 1906. They were the parents of 
six children. Ransom De Witt is a farmer in Gratiot county ; 
Irena is the wife of J. Z. Bettis, a farmer of Riga township ; Elver- 
etta is Mrs. King; Lydia is the wife of H. J. Garlock, a farmer 
near Carson City, Michigan, and an employe of the Grand Trunk 
Railway Company; Milton D. is deceased; and Jesse S.. who mar- 
ried Mary Sequard, is a farmer in Gratiot county. Three children 
have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. King. Ch^de 
D., born Jan. 14, 1883, married Miss Bessie Holloway, and is now 
a farmer in Palmyra township; Clair M., born Jan. 7, 1885, is a 
graduate of Brown's Business University of Adrian and now assists 
his father in the management of the farm ; and Jennie L., born 
Aug. 5, 1888, is a student in music at the Adrian Methodist Prot- 
estant College, Adrian, Mich. 

Fred G. Kolkloesch, a native son of Lenawee county and a 
member of one of its sterling pioneer families, has gained success 
through his own efforts and is now engaged in the ice business 
in Tecumseh. where he controls a large and representative patron- 
age and has facilities of the best order. Mr. Kolkloesch was horn 
in the village of Clinton, Lenawee county, June 29, 1861, a son 
of Albert and Mary (Amstrau) Kolkloesch, both born and reared 
in Germany. The father received excellent educational advan- 
tages in his native land and for some time carried forward his 
studies for the fitting of himself for the priesthood of the Catholic 
church, though he never attained to hoh- orders, fie learned the 
trade of cooper and upon coming to Clinton township. Lenawee 
county, about the year 1848, he established himself in the work 



l8o MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

of his trade, opening a shop in the little pioneer village of Clinton, 
Avhere he continued to reside until his death, which occurred in 
1868. His wife passed to the life eternal in 1870. Both were 
devout communicants of the Catholic church and were folk of 
sterling- character, commanding the respect and confidence of all 
who knew them, so that their names merit enduring place on the 
roll of the honored pioneers of Lenawee county. They became the 
parents of nine children, of whom six are living. The father 
espoused the cause of the Republican party at the time of its 
organization and ever afterward continued a stalwart supporter 
of its principles. Fred G. Kolkloesch, to whom this sketch is dedi- 
cated, was afforded the advantages of the public schools of Clinton 
township, where he was reared to maturity and where he followed 
various lines of work during his boyhood and youth. When about 
eleven years of age he went to Wisconsin, thence to Kansas and 
later returned to Michigan. After his return he served for eight 
years, first as private, then promoted to first sergeant, in Compan}- 
C, First regiment, Michigan National Guard, under Capt. Fred B. 
W^ood. In the state militia he gained his promotion through merit 
and was deservedly popular among his comrades. For a period of 
about twenty years Mr. Kolkloesch was engaged in the retail liquor 
business, but since 1906 he has given his attention to the ice busi- 
ness, in which he has met with marked success, giving the best of 
service to his patrons and being recognized as one of the energetic 
and reliable business men of the thriving and attractive little city 
of Tecumseh, where he is well known and held in marked esteem. 
He is the owner of valuable real estate in Tecumseh. and is also 
a stockholder in the Century Post Company, of this place. Mr. 
Kolkloesch is arrayed as a stalwart advocate of the principles and 
policies for which the Democratic party stands sponsor. He is a 
communicant of the Catholic church, and is affiliated with the 
Knights of Pythias and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. In the 
year 1889 Mr. Kolkloesch was united in marriage to Miss Sarah 
Campbell, who was born and reared in Ireland, where her parents 
passed their entire lives. Her death occurred in 1893, ^^d she is 
survived by one son, Harold Marion. On April 2, 1906, Mr. 
Kolkloesch wedded Miss Anna Bauer, who was born in Tecumseh, 
a daughter of Lawrence and Mar}^ (Waltz) Bauer, both natives 
of Germany, whence they came with their respective parents to 
America when children, both families having been earlv settlers 
in Lenawee county, Michigan. Mr. and Mrs. Kolkloesch have one 
son, Albert G. 

Henry Andrew Krumling, M, D., was born in Germany on 
July 14, 1838, the son of John Gotfried and Elizabeth (Schultz) 
Krumling. Both parents were born and reared in the Fatherland. 
The father was a farmer in Germany, and followed that occupa- 
tion until his death in 1838. His widow survived him until 1852. 
when she was summoned to another world, leaving a family of 
three children : John Gotfried, who died at Toledo, Ohio ; Christina, 
who also died in Toledo; and Henry A., the subject of this brief 
review. The last named received an excellent education in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL l8l 

scliools of his native country. Like so many other Germans he 
came to the Xew A\"orId about the middle of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, landing- in the United States in 1854. Mr. Krumling first 
located in Defiance. Ohio, but within a short time went to Toledo 
to live with his brother. For some years he was a minister of the 
Gospel, preaching in the German Methodist Episcopal Church, but 
his health became impaired, his lungs and throat not being able to 
witlistand the strain put upon them, and he was forced to abandon 
the ministrv. After severing his connection w^ith the church. Mr. 
Krumling took up the study of medicine and was admitted to 
practice. He came to Blissfield. Lenawee county, in 1894, and 
established himself in active professional work which he has since 
continued. The Doctor's professional career has been character- 
ized by the most careful attention to his duties, his skill as a phy- 
sician and his high character as a man having gained a prominent 
place for him in the esteem of his friends and associates. He is a 
member of the Republican party, and fraternally he is a prominent 
Royal Arch Alason. Dr. Krumling was married in Xorwalk, Ohio, 
Sept. 17, 1861, to Christina, daughter of Joseph and Johanna (Mag- 
talana) Schreiber. both natives of Germany, and both now deceased. 
Mrs. Krumling was born in Germany on April 5. 1831, and received 
her scholastic training in the Fatherland. Four children have been 
born to bless the union of Dr. and Mrs. Krumling. Andrew is a 
telegraph operator in Toledo, Ohio; Mrs. Lilly (Krumling) 
Schrader lives at Royal Oak, Mich. ; Frederick C. graduated from 
the medical department of the L^niversity of Michigan with the 
class of 1894. and is now devoting his life t(^ the work of a medical 
missionary in China, wdiere he is earnestly endeavoring to uplift 
and convert members of that race to the Christian religion ; and 
Christina L., the youngest child, lives at home wath her parents. 
The family are members of the Evangelical church. 

The Lamb Wire Fence Company of Adrian. Mich., is one of 
the largest manufacturing concerns in the Middle West. The 
plant of this company is located in the eastern part of the city, 
where it has easy access to the Wabash and the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern railroads, and is considered one of the most 
important industries in Adrian. It was organized in June, 1897, 
at Tecumseh, but was moved to Adrian in October of the same 
year. Henry T. Shattuck, deceased, John W. Allen, Charles G. 
Hart. R. L. Shaw. Otis Clapp and a few other gentlemen well 
known locallv, were the orgfanizers and original stockholders of the 
company. The original Lamb Wire Fence Company was named 
after Hiram Lamb, now of London, Ontario, and his brother Albert, 
of Adrian. In 1.897 H. R. Lamb was operating a factory in Tecum- 
seh. and it was of him that the present company bought the patents 
and experimental machines used in making the fence. In 1898 
the corporation erected its first building in Adrian, wdiich is now- 
known as loom room. Xo. I. This building contained 11.000 feet of 
floor space, and the first year the entire operations of the company 
were carried on there. Subsequently new machines were devel- 
oped and additional looms added to the original equipment. Com- 



l82 AIEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

mencing with 1899, as the business increased, additions were made 
to the plant from time to time, until the present great factory was 
completed. It is one of the largest and most complete plants in 
Southern Michigan, having an aggregate floor space of 150,684 
square feet. The present capacity of the plant is 130 miles of fence 
each day, and the pay-roll amounts to $200,000 a year. The sales 
are enormous and the business is steadily increasing. The corpora- 
tion is recognized as one of the greatest and important enterprises 
in Lenawee county and is an important factor in the commercial 
life of Adrian. The bulk of the business is carried on in the Mis- 
sissippi Valley, but large quantities are sold in all parts of the 
United States and Canada, and the agents of the company sell 
the fence all over the world. The present ofiticers and directors of 
the company are as follows: President, Charles H. Hart; -vice- 
president, James V. DeFoe; secretary, Byron L. Shaw; treasurer 
and manager, William H. Burnham; while the directors are Charles 
G. Hart, Byron L. Shaw, James V. DeFoe, A. D. Ellis, Frank W. 
Prentice, R. A. Watts, and \\'illiam H. Burnham. 

John M. Lamb, agriculturist, banker and manufacturer, is one 
of the leading citizens of Hudson, Mich., and a native of the Empire 
state, having been born in Chautauqua county. New York, Aug. 12, 
1827. In 1832, when he was five years of age, he accompanied his 
parents, Roswell and Nancy (Mills) Lamb, from New York to 
Michigan, locating near Saline, where the family resided two years 
and then removed to Lenawee county, locating on a farm in Rol- 
lin township, where the subject of this sketch was reared amid 
the scenes of pioneer life. His education was limited to about 
three months during the wdnter season each year, attending the 
district school in the primitive log school house of that early 
period. He diligently assisted his father in clearing up the home 
farm until he was twenty years of age, when he began life on his 
own responsibility, securing work by the month for the five sue-" 
ceeding years. It was during these first five memorable years, 
when engaged in as hard work as a man ever experienced, that he 
laid the foundation for his future success in life by adopting and 
rigidly observing the principles of honesty, perseverance and indus- 
try as his surest means of success, and now after reaching his 
three score and ten he realizes more than ever before that a young 
man's richest inheritance is those principles of honest frugality 
which, if carefully observed, are sure to crown his efforts with 
success. During the five years young Lamb worked by the month 
he carefully saved his money until he had a sufficient sum to buy 
160 acres of wild government land in Mt. Calm county, Michigan. 
He soon disposed of this land and bought a partly improved farm 
of 100 acres in Rollin township, Lenawee county. On Feb. 22, 
1854, he was united in marriage to Miss Eunice R. AVilliams, of 
Rollin township, who was born in Vermont, Jan. 17, 1834, the 
daughter of Thomas Williams, also a native of Vermont. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lamb began housekeeping on his loo-acre farm and ten years 
later purchased an adjoining sixty acres, which made him a fine 
homestead of 160 acres. He removed to the sixty-acre addition 



BIOGRAPHICAL 183 

in order to secure the advantages of better buildings and school 
facilities, and lived there ten years. He then sold the whole farm 
and removed to Dover township to a farm of 146 acres, one-half 
mile north of Clayton, which he had purchased at a cost of $10,846. 
There he resided thirty-two 3'ears and there his wife died Sept. 16, 
1892. Six children were born to them, all of whom are married and 
living. They are : Ida L., born April 26, 1855 ; Adda E., born Dec. 
4, 1856; Mary E., born March 4, 1859; Carrie A., born March 15, 
1861 ; Edward M., born Dec. 28, 1863; and Xina B., born Sept. 2, 
1873. After the death of his wife he continued his residence on 
the farm and was married to Mrs. Elizabeth (Comstock) Lamb 
on Jan. 8, 1896. She was born Nov. 8, 1832, in the state of Xew 
\'ork, and came with her parents to Rollin township, Lenawee 
county, when she was about a year and a half old, and was reared 
there. In Xovember, 1906, Mr. Lamb sold the homestead and 
removed to Hudson, where he has since resided and given hi.'^ 
attention to his extensive business interests throughout the county. 
He is president of the Clayton Exchange Bank, in which he owns 
a half interest; is largely interested in wire fence manufacturing in 
Adrian, being a director in the Adrian Fence Company, and own- 
ing a large interest in the Michigan Fence Company, and also in 
the Lamb Wire Fence Company. He owns a large interest and 
is president of the Hudson Electric Light Company, of Hudson; 
owns a third interest in the Morenci Electric Company, and also 
owns an interest in the Dundee Electric Company. His large 
financial interests require most of his time and attention, which is 
mainly given in an advisory capacity. He began life a penniless 
boy and has earned every dollar that he possesses, except a gift 
of $50 which was presented to him by his grandfather. Mr. Lamb 
has assisted in Ijuilding many churches and always lends his sup- 
port and assistance to every laudable enterprise which aids in 
building up the community. He is a prohibitionist and takes an 
active interest in the suppression of the liquor traffic. His only 
fraternal connection is with the Masonic order. When Mr. Lamb 
came to this country it was a wild wilderness filled with deer, 
bear and all kinds of game. He has killed deer and turkey here, 
and once had a thrilling adventure with a large black bear which 
he met near an angling road through the forest. W^hen they met, 
the bear arose on his hind feet, showed his teeth and seemed al)out 
to attack him. Mr. Lamb, being unarmed, stood still, and finally 
the bear slowly moved away, and from Mr. Lamb's account of his 
own retreat, he must liaxe run tlie fastest mile on record in .X'orth- 
ern ^lichigan. 

Henry C. Lentz, street commissioner of Adrian, was born in 
Indianapolis, Ind., April 25. 1867, the son of Conrad and Matilda 
(Schiller) Lentz. His parents were both born in Germany, were 
married there and came to the United States and direct to Indian- 
apolis soon after their marriage. The father entered some land 
near the present site of the Hoosier capital and was there engaged 
in market gardening at the time of his death. The mother is also 
deceased. Twelve children were born to the j^arents, of whom 



184 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

seven are now living-. Henry C. Lentz, to whom this review is 
dedicated, received his education in the Indianapolis schools. For 
a time thereafter he was Stewart and stock clerk in the Union 
Pacific Hotel at Huntington, Ore., and in 1887 came to Adrian to 
enofage in the hotel business. He was associated with the Com- 
mercial House, located on the site of the Electric Light Works, for 
five years and during the seven years immediately following con- 
ducted a meat market on North Main street. When he disposed of 
that interest it was to become street commissioner, a position he 
filled with great satisfaction to all concerned for four years. It w^as 
during his incumbency of that office that the first asphalt pave- 
ment, that on Main street, was laid, and that most of the important 
streets of the city were paved. When he resigned from that posi- 
tion it was to engage in the cement contracting business, a venture 
which proved successful from the start. Some twenty months ago 
he was again chosen as street commissioner, and has done much 
while in office to better the condition of the streets. Mr. Lentz 
expects to resign his official position within a few months and again 
enter the contracting business. In his political relations Mr. Lentz 
is a Democrat, and his incumbency of public office has been as 
the successful candidate of that party. Fraternally he is a Royal 
Arch Mason, a member of the Knights of the Maccabees, the 
Independent Order of Foresters, the Knights of Pythias, the Ger- 
man Workingmen's Societv, and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 
Although he is not a member he attends the services of the Ger- 
mna Lutheran church. On Nov. 14, 1888, was celebrated, in Adrian, 
Mr. Lentz's marriage to Miss Emma Reisig. a daughter of the late 
George M. Reisig, of Adrian. To this union has been born one 
daughter, who was nineteen years old on July 15, 1908. Mr. 
Lentz owns his home at 174 East Maumee street and other val- 
uable city property. 

David Lamley, an old and prominent resident of Lenawee 
county, was born in the beautiful valley of the Neckar, Wurttem- 
berg, Germany, May 7, 1840. the son of Gotlieb and Dorothea 
(Ricker) Lamley, natives of the same country. His father migrated 
to America in 1853, and was one of that class of thrifty Germans 
who have so materially aided in the development of this great 
commonwealth. After landing upon the shores of the New World, 
Gotlieb Lamley came west and located in Lenawee county, where 
he bought forty acres of woodland in section 29, Blissfield town- 
ship. With the assistance of his sons he cleared and improved this 
land and subsequently bought eighty acres in section. 37, then 
twenty acres more in section 27, and eighty acres in section 29 — 
in all 220 acres of the finest farming land in Blissfield towmship. 
Gotlieb Lamley was engaged in farming all his active life. His 
wife died on Sept. 27, 1899, and was survived by her husband until 
1903. There w^ere six children in the family — David, the subject of 
this sketch; Caleb, a farmer of Deerfield township; Mary (Lam- 
ley) Alillcr. who resides in Adrian; John, who died in Blissfield 
township in 1866; Louise (Lamley) Collier lives in Blissfield; and 
Caroline, deceased. David Lamlev received his early education in 



BIOGRAPHICAL 185 

the excellent public schools of his native land. After coming to 
the United States with his parents, at the age of thirteen years, 
he attended the district school in the winter months and assisted 
his father on the farm in the summer time. When he grew older 
he worked for different farmers in the township imtil Aug. 26, 1862, 
Avhen he enlisted as a private in Company B, Eighteenth Michigan 
infantry. This regiment was organized at Hillsdale; was mus- 
tered in on Aug. 26, 1862 ; left the state in September and was 
stationed in Kentucky until February, 1863. It took part in the 
])'.u-suit of f'egram and later moved to Nashville, where it was 
employed as provost guard. Ordered south, it reached Decatur^ 
.Ala., and in a skirmish near there on June 26, 1864, Mr. Lranley 
received a severe wound in his right arm, which necessitated its 
amputation on July 16. As soon as able to travel he returned to his 
home in Blissheld township and took charge of his farm. He con- 
tinued in that vocation until a few years ago, when he sold his 
l)roperty and bought a fine home in Blissfield, where he still resides. 
Mr. Lamley is a Democrat in politics, and while he takes an active 
interest in local aft'airs he has never aspired to hold public office. 
On May 7, 1873, in Riga township, Lenawee county, was solemn- 
ized the marriage of Mr. Lamley and Miss Catherine Schneider, 
daughter of John and Martha (Richer) Schneider. Mrs. Lamley 
was born in Germany March i, 1850. and came to America with 
her parents while still a girl. She received her educational train- 
ing at the schools near Lorain, Ohio. Seven children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Lamley — Charles G. lives in Blissfield, Mich. ; 
Elizabeth died at the age of two years ; George G. is a practicing 
physician in Blissfield and resides with his parents; Jennie L (Lam- 
ley) Lenox resides at Ithaca, Mich. ; William D. is a dentist in 
Blissfield and lives at home; Arthur E. is now attending the Phila- 
adelphia (Pa.) Medico-Chirurgical College; Herbert A. graduated 
at the high school in Blissfield with the class of 1908 and is at 
home with his parents. The family are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Mr. Lamley is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

Frank A. Lehr, whose intense activity, sagacity and executive 
ability have made him one of the conspicuous figures in the 
grocery and provision business of Adrian, was born in Monroe, 
Mich., April 9, 1861. His parents were Francis and Theresa 
(Kirchgessner) Lehr, who were born in Germany. The ])arents 
immigrated to the United States when young people and were 
married at Monroe, Mich. In 1863, when the subject of this sketch 
was two years old, his father remoA'ed to Newport, Mich., and 
resided there until 1868, when he sold his farm near New])()rt and 
returned to Monroe county and purchased a farm one mile west 
of Monroe, where Frank A. was reared and educated. When he 
first came to this country the father was a railroad man, but later 
bought a farm in Monroe county, as stated, where he was engaged 
in agricultural pursuits for forty years. He, at present, owns T15 
acres of the finest tillable land in the coimty. Some vears ago 
Mr. Lehr retired from the active labors of life and is nnw cnioving 



l86 .MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

a well deserved rest in the city of Monroe. Mrs. Lehr passed 
away in Monroe in 1901. Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Lehr, six boys and three girls, of whom five boys and two girls 
are still living. Frank, the subject of this sketch, and his brother, 
Ben, are the only ones who live in Adrian. Frank received the 
educational training afforded by the district schools of his native 
county, and after finishing the elementary schools in the country 
attended high school at Monroe. When his studies were completed 
he was engaged in farming until he decided, in 1881, to come to 
Adrian. He worked first for Joseph Fisher, the brewer, driving 
a team. Subsequently he clerked for C. Arnold & Son, grocers, 
and there he thoroughly learned the details of the grocery busi- 
ness. A\'hen Mr. Lehr left this concern it was to become the 
partner of Mr. Nufer in a grocery store, under the firm name of 
Xufer & Lehr, located at 28 South Main street. After five years 
the partnership was dissolved and Mr. Lehr was engaged in the 
same business independently, in which he has continued for the 
past twenty years. In April, 1907, Mr. Lehr bought the building 
in which he is now located, and has made many improvements in 
it to suit the needs of his trade. Mr. Lehr is prominent in fraternal 
circles in Adrian, belonging to the Modern Woodmen of America, 
Knights and Ladies of Security, and the Catholic Mutual Benefit 
Association. Reared in the Catholic faith he is today a devout 
communicant of St. Mary's Church of Adrian. On Sept. 3, 1880, was 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. Lehr and Miss Clara Nufer, who 
died in 1901. Six children were born to bless this union, all of 
whom are living. Edward is a bookkeeper at the Wabash railway 
freight office ; Lillian, Rose, Arthur, Leroy and Charles were born 
in Adrian, at the old home at 104 East Alaumee street, which Mr. 
Lehr still owns, but has not occupied since 1904. In that year he 
purchased his pleasant new home at 15 Park street, a location on 
one of the finest residence streets in Adrian. Mr. Lehr's second 
wife was formerly Miss Mary McDonald. Their marriage occurred 
October 15, 1904. One child has been born to them — Lynn. Mr. 
Lehr has built up a substantial business in Adrian by strict hon- 
esty, a desire to please his customers, and by supplying only the 
finest grade of goods. His store is located on one of the leading 
business streets of Adrian. 

William Leute, a thrifty German farmer of Palmyra town- 
ship, was born in Wurttemberg, Germany, April 15, 1872, the son of 
George and Christiana (Hagerly) Leute. His parents, born 
respectively Feb. 21, 1823, and April 8, 1834, came to Lenawee 
county direct from the Fatherland, in 1873, and located in Riga 
township. For three years after his arrival the father worked for 
others, and then purchased the farm of 100 acres where his son 
William now resides, and continued there until his death in 1889. 
The mother, who has been a helpless invalid since 1905, now makes 
her home with her son. Seven children were born to the parents. 
Mary, the wife of John Buehrer, died Dec. 23, 1885; August is 
farming in Blissfield township ; Anna, the wife of Melcher Slaterer, 
died Dec. 18, 1903 ; John is in the liquor business in Adrian ; Pauline 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 87 

makes her home with her mother and brother; Charles is a black- 
smith in Palmyra; and William is the subject of this review. The 
last named received his educational training in the school at 
Lenawee Junction and the German schools of Adrian. Ever since 
coming to this country he has made his home on his present farm, 
assisting" his father for the first few years after he had completed 
his studies. After the parents' demise he purchased the interest of 
the other heirs and has since had the sole management of the 
property. He has not specialized in any one branch of agriculture, 
iDut has devoted himself to general farming. He was reared in the 
Lutheran faith and is today one of the devout and zealous members 
of and workers in the church of that denomination at x\drian. 
Although he gives stalwart support to the Democratic party, he 
has never aspired to be the organization's candidate for any office. 
On Jan. 10, 1905, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Leute and 
Miss Lena Siley, born Oct. i, 1884, the daughter of Sebastian and 
Caroline (Raesch) Siley. Mr. Siley was born in Germany, but 
came to America with his parents when a small child and located 
near Adrian, where his parents continued to reside until their 
deaths. Sebastian Siley was reared and educated in Lenawee 
county. About 1891 he purchased a farm in Palmyra township, 
where he continued to reside until his death on March 27, 1909. 
His wiie and three children survive him. Mrs. Siley was born 
March 6, 1858, in Adrian, Mich., where she was reared and 
attended the city schools. Her parents were George and Chris- 
line (Miller) Raesch, both natives of Germany. The former came 
to America when a young man, locating in Adrian, where he fol- 
lowed the tailor's trade. Soon after coming to Adrian he met Miss 
Christine Aliller. They were united in marriage and resided in 
Adrian and vicinit}^ until their respective deaths, the former in 
1882 and the latter in 1884. Both were devout members of the 
German Lutheran church. Mrs. Siley now resides on a farm of 
forty acres in Palmyra township. To Mr: and Mrs. Leute was born 
on Oct. 19, 1905. a daughter, Helen. 

David N. Loar, who b}^ his own elTorts has made an enviable 
reputation for himself as a successful agriculturist, was born , in 
Alleghany county, Maryland, July 20, 1872, the son of Xelson and 
Ellen Jane (Davis) Loar. The father was born in Alleghany 
county, Maryland, in 1841, and the mother in the same place in 
1842. The parents came to Ogden township, this county, in 1888, 
and the father, who w^as a carpenter by trade, engaged in and has 
been farming ever since coming here. Later he purchased the 
farm in Ogden township where he now makes his home. Eight 
children were born to the parents. Albert F. lives in Ogden town- 
ship ; Sarah L. is the wife of Allan Porter, of the same township; 
\\'illiam Reed lives in Fairfield township ; Lucinda is now Mrs. 
John Sizert, and her husband is a farmer in Ogden township ; David 
N. is the subject of this review; Laura V. is the wife of Charles 
Rrown. of Adrian ; Ernest G. lives in Palmyra township ; and Robert 
E. witli liis parents. The father is a Republican in politics and 
a member of the United Brethren churcli. Tlic mother died in 



l88 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

April, 1909, on the old homestead. David X. Loar's scholastic 
training was received in the district schools of Alleghany county, 
Maryland, and in one term in the Ogden township schools. Until 
he was twenty-six years of age he lived at home, assisting his 
father in the management of the home farm. When he reached 
the above mentioned age he purchased the farm of eighty acres 
which he now owns and manages, and during the time he has been 
upon it has improved it in many ways. He devotes most of his 
attention to the raising of hogs and the winter fattening of cattle, 
and sells to local dealers who ship the live stock to the east. In 
the matter of politics Mr. Loar supports the Republican party, but 
has never sought to become the candidate of that organization for 
any public office. On Dec. 15, 1898, was celebrated his union to 
Miss Edna Rathbun, the daughter of Franklin and Mary (Boss) 
Rathbun. The mother was born in New York Dec. 15, 1844, and 
came to Michigan with her parents when but ten years of age. The 
father was born Oct. 7, 1842, and was reared in Fulton county, 
Ohio. He was the son of Amos and Margaret (Fenton) Rath- 
bun of English ancestry. Margaret Fenton's grandmother was 
Molly Pitcher of Revolutionary fame. Her father was a soldier in 
the AVar of 1812. She was born Dec. 4. 1808, and died Nov. 13, 
1906. Franklin Rathbun and Mary Boss were married in Sep- 
tember, 1868, and at the time of his death, which occurred June 
27, 1906, he resided near A\'eston, Lenawee county, and his widow 
still resides there. Mr. and Mrs. Loar have no children. Mr. 
Loar is a member of the L^nited Brethren church and Mrs. Loar is 
a member of the Baptist church. 

John Q. Look, the popular president of the Tecumseh State 
wSavings Bank, was born at Farmer's Creek. Lapeer county, Michi- 
gan, Dec. 22, 1847, son of John and Charlotte (Hopkins) Look. 
The father was born at Martha's Vineyard, I\Iass., and the mother 
in Canandaigua, N. Y., and their marriage was solemnized at the 
latter place. They came to Michigan in 1833, and the mother used 
to tell that it was six months after her arrival that she first saw the 
face of a white woman. The father entered eighty acres of land 
under the homestead law and after he had cleared it. made a fine 
productive farm of the tract. In the early days it was necessary for 
him to travel with an ox team to Kalamazoo to have his grain 
ground, the trip consuming a week. In 1850 the mother returned 
to Canandaigua, N. Y., for the benefit of her health and there passed 
away. The father died at Lowell, Mich., at the hale old age of 
ninety-tw^o in 1893. Two sons and two daughters were born to 
the parents, and but one of the number survives. John Q. Look 
attended the district schools in the vicinity of his home until he 
was ten years of age. and then spent two years at school at Nashua, 
N. H. He remained on the old farm until he was sixteen, and then 
went to Lowell to accept a clerical position in a drug store. He 
remained a resident of Lowell until 1892. working all of the time, 
with the exception of five years, in the drug business. The last 
five years of his residence there he was connected wnth the Lowell 
National Bank and the private bank of C. J. Church & Son. From 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1 89 

Lowell he removed to Sault Ste. Marie, and for live years was 
cashier of the Soo Savings Bank. Thence he came to Tecumseh 
and for nine years had been vice-president of the Tecumseh State 
Savings Bank, when he was elected president in October, 1908. In 
his political views ]\Ir. Look is a Republican, and as the successful 
candidate of that party, served one term as village treasurer. His 
religious belief finds expression in membership in the Presbyterian 
church of Tecumseh. Fraternally he is prominently connected with 
the Masonic order throughout the state, being a member of the 
lodge, chapter, council, commandery, consistory and shrine. 
He was a charter member of the Sault Ste. Marie Commandery, 
No. 45, and for two years served as eminent commander, but is now 
identified with the Adrian commandery by transfer. He has also 
served one year as grand master of the grand lodge of the state 
of Michigan. On Nov. 6, 1900, was celebrated Air. Look's mar- 
riage to Miss Jennie C. Root, a daughter of Jeremiah and Anna 
Root, of Tecumseh. Airs. Look was born in Painesville, Ohio, and 
received her educational advantages in the Tecumseh schools and 
the State Normal at Ypsilanti. Her father is deceased, but her 
mother makes her home with Mr. and Mrs. Look. The Tecumseh 
State Savings Bank is regarded as one of the safest and most con- 
servative banks in this section of the state. It was established in 
1893 and he owns the building which it now occupies. The local 
conduct of the institution within the past few years has devolved 
upon Air. Look and the cashier, J. H. Smith ; the late president, 
Capt. C. R. Miller, of Adrian, who died on Oct. 15, 1908. having 
had other interests in Adrian which restrained him from visiting 
the bank more than once a week. 

Earl F. Macham is doing a profitable farming business in Deer- 
field township, where he was born on Feb. 28, 1869. the son of John 
and Jane (Smith) Alacham. Both parents were born in Canada, 
and came thence to Lenawee county in 1868, locating on a farm in 
Deerfield township, where they resided until 1903, when they 
removed to a farm in Raisin township, where they are now resid- 
ing. Ten children were born to the parents. David lives in Tecum- 
seh ; Francis ( Alacham-Camp) Hunter, both husbands deceased, 
lives in Indiana; Albert D. is a farmer in this state; Dudley is a 
barber in Lowell, Mich. ; Thomas E. is a farmer in Deerfield town- 
ship ; Harris M. lives in Manton. Mich.; Charles is a resident of 
Grand Blanc. Mich.; Anna B. (Macham) Osborn lives in Toledo, 
Ohio; and Celia (Macham) Baum resides in Corpus Christi. 
Tex. Earl F. Macham, to whom this memoir is dedicated, attended 
the schools in Deerfield village, and when he had completed his 
scholastic training worked on the farm with his father until he was 
twenty-eight years of age, and then for two years rented a farm 
in Deerfield township. So successful was he that at the end of 
that period he had saved sufficient of his income to purchase the 
farm of fifty-seven acres which he now operates. Since taking pos- 
session of the property he has made many improvements in the way 
of buildings, etc.. and by the application of scientific and advanced 
methods of agriculture has made the farm one of the most product- 



190 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

ive in the county. The property lies along the Monroe branch of 
the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway, and is on the main 
highway between Adrian and Deerfield village, one and a half 
miles west of the latter. Although Mr. Macham has been unswerv- 
ing- in his allegiance to the Republican party the only public office 
he has ever held has been that of treasurer of the school board, in 
which capacity he is now serving his third year. His religious 
nature finds expression in membership in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and fraternally he is identified with the Knights of the 
Modern Maccabees and State Grang-e. His wife is a member of 
the Rebekahs. On Feb. 9, 1897, was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. Macham and Miss Florence L. Baker, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Richard Baker. Mrs. Macham's parents were both born in Canada, 
and after coming to this county settled first in Palmyra township 
and later in Deerfield township, where they lived until Mrs. Baker's 
death in 1905. Thereafter Mr. Baker made his home with a son in 
Fremont, Ohio, until March, 1909, when he purchased a farm in 
Deerfield township adjoining that of Mr. Macham and removed to 
it. Mrs. Alacham was born in Canada on Jan. 27, 1876, and re- 
ceived her educational training in the district schools of Palmyra 
township and Blissfield village. Two children have been the issue 
of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Macham — Russell E., born Nov. 
26, 1897; and Gerald A., born May i, 1902. 

Wallace McAllaster, a prosperous milk dealer of Blissfield, 
was born in Riga township, Oct. 7, 1862, the son of James Douglas 
and Rebecca Ann (Leach) McAllaster. The father was born in 
Batavia, N. Y., April 6, 1828, and the mother was a native of Ohio. 
Both died in Blissfield, the father on Feb. 6, 1880, and the mother 
in June, 1884. The father was a wool carder by vocation and 
earned his livelihood thus until i860, when he was selected super- 
visor of Riga township, which office he held until the close- of the 
war. Then he removed to a farm which he had purchased in Bliss- 
field township and remained there for the rest of his life. Six 
children were born to the parents. Ella, born in 1852, died in 
Blissfield in 1908; Eva (McAllaster) Riddle lives in Minneapolis, 
Minn. ; Cora is a prominent dressmaker of Toledo, Ohio ; May. who 
tatight school for a number of years, is now associated with Cora; 
and Alice died in Minneapolis, Minn., in October, 1906. AVallace 
McAllaster received his educational advantages in the Blissfield 
public schools, and at the age of eighteen years, when he had fin- 
ished his training, went to work on his father's farm. He remained 
there for more than ten years, when with the money which he had 
saved from his earnings, he purchased a farm in Ogden township. 
For fourteen years he was most successfully engaged in the man- 
agement of this place, and in 1906, finding that he could realize a 
good profit by selling it, he disposed of it and removed to the vil- 
lage of Blissfield, where he engaged in his present business, which 
has ever since afiforded him an occupation and a goodly income. 
Mr. McAllaster is independent of political affiliation. On Sept. 18, 
1886, was celebrated in Blissfield his marriage to Miss Sarah Ettin- 
ger, born in Tiffin, Ohio, Sept. 17, 1870, the daughter of Levi and 



BIOGRAPHICAL . I9I 

llannah (Baiicher) Ettinger, of Pennsylvania. There were six chil- 
dren in the Ettinger family, namely: Clara (Ettinger) Bird, liv- 
ing in Adrian; Amanda (Ettinger) Wilcox, a resident of Delta, 
Ohio; Addie (Ettinger) Palmer, who died in Wayne county, Mich., 
in 1893; Charles, living in Peoria, 111.; and Orlando in Terre Haute, 
Ind. Five children have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and 
Mrs. McAllaster — Bertha, born Sept. 21, 1887; Rena, a milliner, 
born Jan. 14, 1890; Clementina, born Aug. 21, 1893; Milton, born 
June 22, 1899; and William, born March 12, 1906, all living at home. 
William E. McClenathen, a well known and prosperous agri- 
culturist and poultry-raiser of Lenawee county, was born in the 
cit}' of Adrian on Nov. 28, 1870. He is the son of James G. McClen- 
athen, who was born in St. Martin's, Quebec, Canada, on Jan. 3, 
1830. The paternal grandfather was a farmer by vocation, who 
brought his family from Canada to Monroe county. New York, 
in June, 1834, and subsequently removed to Massillon, Ohio. There 
he lost all of his property in the financial crash of 1837, and returned 
to Canada, where he was killed the following year by a falling 
tree. After the grandfather's demise the father returned to New 
York and lived there until 1842, going thence to Providence, R. 1., 
to learn the jeweler's trade. His health became impaired after he 
had worked indoors for a time and he was given a position as 
traveling" salesman. For three years he represented Rogers Bros., 
of Hartford, Conn.; was for two years with Gorham & Com- 
pany, of Providence, R. I., and with Brainard, Geoffrey & Com- 
pany of New York for three years. During the eight years he was 
thus engaged he "made" more towns and cities than any other 
traveling salesman in the United States, and his territory also 
included Cuba, Mexico and Canada. In 1859 he abandoned that 
business and in September of that year came to Adrian, in the vicin- 
ity of which city he had purchased thirty acres of land. Eighteen 
years later he purchased the farm which he now conducts and 
where his son, the subject of this review, conducts his poultry busi- 
ness. The father is allied with the Democratic party, but has 
never sought public office. On July 26, 1855, he became a member 
of Motmt Vernon Lodge, No. 4, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Providence, R. I., and is still associated with that order. The 
father was united in marriage on Oct. 30, 1856, in Watertown, 
N. Y., to Miss Jane Elizabeth Richey, and to this union seven 
children were born. George R. is a farmer in Ogden township, this 
county ; Eunice is the wife of Caleb McAdams, a farmer of Ogden 
township ; Lewis P., a graduate of Palms' Business College of 
Philadelphia, a coal and lumber dealer at Hughesville, Pa., and his 
fiancee were killed by a train in that state five days before they 
were to be married ; John is deceased ; Robert, now living in 
Auburn, N. Y., graduated at the Watertown. N. Y., High School, 
and in the electrical engineering department of Cornell University, 
and for about ten years was in the employ of the International 
Harvester Company, but is now in the contracting business under 
his own name ; and Jennie A., who is associated with her brother 
in the poultry business, lives with her parents. \\"illiam E. 



192 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

McClenathen is the fifth child of his parents in order of birth. His 
educational advantages were limited to the common schools, and 
except two years spent in New York state he has made his home 
with his parents. For twenty-five years now he has devoted his 
entire time to the management of the farm and the breeding of 
Single Comb White Leghorn chickens, of which each year he raises 
from 400 to 600. He finds a better market for his eggs by ship- 
ping them to Xew York, and he has come to be recognized through- 
out the country as one of the most successful poultrymen of the 
day. Mr. McClenathen believes that the dominant issue before 
the people of the United States today is the suppression of the 
liquor traffic, and to assist in bringing about that end he has allied 
himself with the Prohibition party. In religious matters he is 
affiliated with the Church of Christ. Mr. McClenathen is 
unmarried. 

Thomas D. King, one of the prosperous farmers of Palmyra 
township, was born in England on March 11, 1849. His parents, 
Daniel and Mary (Sawyer) King, came direct to Adrian from 
England, and the father for ten years after his arrival was engaged 
in railroad work. From his earnings he managed by the practice 
of economy and thrift to save sufficient to purchase for $400 a farm 
of eighty acres in Palmyra township. He lived on the property for a 
time and then removed to the village of Palmyra to become stati(va 
agent for the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railroad company. 
Six years later he embarked in the general mercantile business, 
which furnished him a lucrative income for three years. At the 
expiration of that period he returned to the farm, which he again 
operated for three years. For a time he managed a saw mill in 
Ogden township, and for the two years immediately preceding his 
death, which occurred on Jan. i, 1874, he was in the retail lumber 
business. The mother's death occurred in 1898 at the home of her 
son, Thomas D. King. The educational advantages of the subject 
of this sketch were limited to the village schools of Palmyra. When 
twenty-one years of age he began work by the month with a capi- 
tal of ten dollars to start life for himself. For two years he worked 
at home at twenty dollars a month, and following that was em- 
ployed for a month and nine days at a dollar a day. Then he en- 
gaged in the business of manufacturing lumber in Ogden township. 
For nineteen years that business furnished him a lucrative occupa- 
tion, and when he disposed of his mills at the end of that time it 
was to move upon the homestead farm, having meantime purchased 
the interests of the other heirs. He has greatly improved the place, 
and today has one of the best equipped farms in Lenawee county. 
Mr. King's achievements have come as a direct result of his own 
labors, and his career is one well worthy of emulation. His popu- 
larity in the community has been fully attested by his election, 
without any solicitation upon his part, to the offices of justice of the 
peace and school director. In politics he has given loyal support 
to the Republican party as long as he has been a citizen. Fraternal- 
ly he is prominently allied with the Knights of the Maccabees. 
On May 20, 1872, was solemnized Mr. King's marriage to Miss 




THOMAS D. KING 



THE NEW y 

PUBLIC i Ry 

ASro«, LE.S'OX AxND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 



ElOGRAPIIICAL 193 

Charlotte Bailey, born in Ohio on Sept. 15, 185 1, the daughter of 
Robert and Catherine Bailey. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey were born in 
England, and in 185 1 became residents of Ohio. Later they re- 
moved to Palmyra township, where the former was engaged in 
farming until the time of his death. His wife died in her daughter's 
home a year previous to his death. To Mr. and Mrs. King werfe 
born five children. Robert D., born Dec. 18. 1875, married Miss 
Blanche Heckert, of Ogden township, and has a son, Marion, born 
in March, 1902; Albert, Thomas J., and Alice M. are all deceased, 
and Rose C, born Sept. 15, 1888, resides with her father. Mrs. 
King was an invalid for several years, and on April 4, 1906, death 
relieved her of her suffering. She was a most estimable woman, 
beloved and esteemed by all with whom she came in contact. 

Orin T. Mallory, a leading agriculturist of Blissfield township, 
is a native of Lenawee county, having been born in Blissfield 
township Aug. 31, 1872, the son of Edmund and ^vlarietta (Rogers) 
Mallory. Both parents were born in the Empire state. The father 
succumbed suddenly to heart trouble in October, 1903, in Adrian, 
and his death terminated a long and useful career in the county, 
he having come here before the war. Tiesides his Vvidow, who now 
makes her home with the subject of this review, he left two sons, 
Edwin, of Blissfield, and Orin T., of this sketch ; and a daughter, 
Mrs. Hugh Luce. All were born in Blissfield township and 
received their preliminary educational advantages in the Blissfield 
schools. Orin T. Mallory graduated at the Blissfield High School 
in the class of 1890 and for a time was employed in a clerical 
capacity in one of the stores. When the corporation was formed 
to take charge of the flour mill he secured employment there, and 
remained until after his father's death. He purchased the eighty- 
acre homestead from his mother and has since been success- 
fully conducting it, and by the application of scientific and modern 
methods of agriculture has made the property one of the best pay- 
ing in the county. Eraternally Mr. Malloy is identified with Bliss- 
field Lodge, No. 258, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and with 
Phoenix Camp, No. 84, of that order. On June 30. 1898, Mr. 
Mallory was united in marriage to Miss Josephine Norris, wlio 
died on Aug. 26, 1907, leaving two small children — Gerald E., born 
June 24, 1900; and Norris, born March 8, 1906 — besides her hus- 
band to mourn her loss. Mr. Mallory is popular with his many 
friends who desire him every success in life. He is vice-president 
of the Blissfield Guernsey Breeders' Association and is developing 
a valuable herd of Guernsey cows. 

John A. Mclntyre, who now conducts a large and prosperous 
business as a wholesale and retail dealer in hay, in Tecumseh, is 
one of the extensive land-holders of the county, and has been for 
many years prominently identified with agricultural interests in 
this section of the state. He has passed the major portion of his 
life in Lenawee county and is knoAvn as one of its substantial 
citizens and successful business men. Mr. Mclntyre was born at 
Harrisburg, Lewis county. New York, Oct. 11, 1866, son of ^^'illiam 
and Lydia (Edgehill) Mclntyre, both of whom were likewise born 

13-2V 



194 .MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

in the old Empire State of the Union, where the respective families 
were founded in an early day. The father was born in 1837 and 
the mother in 1839. They continued to reside in New York until 
about 1870, when they came to Michigan and took up their resi- 
dence in Raisin township, Lenawee county, where the father pur- 
chased a farm. He became one of the leading agriculturists of the 
township, and was a man who ever commanded the confidence and 
high regard of all who knew him. He was one of the representa- 
tive citizens of his township and took a deep interest in local affairs 
of a public nature. Though he never had aught of ambition for 
political office, he was called upon to serve in various positions of 
public trust while still a resident of the state of New York. His 
death occurred in 1886, and his widow still maintains her home in 
Lenawee county. She has long been a devoted member of the 
Baptist church, with which her honored husband also was zeal- 
ously identified. They became the parents of six children, all of 
whom are living except one. John A. Mclntyre, the immediate 
subject of this sketch, secured his early educational discipline in 
the public schools of his native county, and after the removal of 
the family to Michigan he continued to attend school for one year 
in Raisin township, in the meanwhile contributing his quota to 
the work of the home farm. He eventually engaged in farming in 
an independent w^ay and made a distinctive success in connection 
with the great basic art of agriculture. He brought to bear marked 
energy, progressive ideas, mature knowledge of practical details 
and keen discrimination, so that his efforts were crowned with 
cumulative success. He is the owner of 257 acres of excellent land, 
and of this all is located in Raisin township with the exception of 
forty acres in Clinton township. Since 1898 Mr. Mclntyre has 
made a specialty of dealing in hay, and in this line of enterprise 
his operations have reached large proportions. He continued to 
reside on his farm until 1901, since which year he has maintained 
his residence and business headquarters in the village of Teci:m- 
seh. He has various capitalistic interests in the county, including 
a considerable block of stock in the Anthony Fence Company, rep- 
resenting one of the important industrial enterprises of Tecumseh. 
In politics he is found arrayed as a stalwart supporter of the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party, and he served about two years as 
a member of the village council, ever standing ready to support 
enterprises and measures advanced for the general welfare of the 
community. He is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and he and his wife attend the 
Methodist Episcopal church at Tecumseh. On April 3. 1884, Mr. 
Mclntyre was united in marriage to Miss Hettie E. Cadmus, born 
in Raisin township, this county, Oct. 10, 1867, a daughter of John 
and Charity (Swick) Cadmus. The former born on Feb. 7, 1828, 
and the latter on July 28, 1833. They were numbered among the 
sterling pioneers of Raisin township, where their old homestead 
farm continued to be their place of residence for the long period 
of fifty-three years, and where Mr. Cadmus died on April 3, 1908, 
at the venerable age of eighty years. His widow still survives 



BIOGRAPHICAL 195 

him and resides on the old homestead in Raisin township. They 
were married in the village of Ridgeway on March 30, 1853, and at 
once began housekeeping in a log cabin on the old homestead in 
Raisin township. He was long and prominently identified with 
the ]\Iethodist Episcopal church, of which Airs. Cadmus also is a 
devout member. Mr. and Airs. Mclntyre became the parents of 
six children, of whom five are living, namely : Agnes L., born Dec. 
28, 1896; Ethel M., born Jan. 4, 1898; Helen I., born July 31, 1902; 
John Alton, born June 25, 1904; and Hattie Isabel, born Oct. 10, 
1907. 

Mazzini F. McGuffie, who is one of the large land holders and 
representative farmers of Medina township, has been a resident of 
the county for more than forty-one years and is a citizen to whom 
is accorded the high esteem of the community which has so long 
been his home and the scene of his well directed endeavors. Mr. 
McGuffie was born in Monroe county, New York, Aug. 25, 1849, 
and is a son of John and Jane (Hopkins) McGuffie, the former of 
whom was born in Scotland, Feb. 17, 1814, and. the latter of whom 
was a native of England. The father came to America when a 
young man and located in Rochester, X. Y., in which state his 
marriage was solemnized. In the late '50s he removed with his 
family from the old Empire state of the Union to Sparta, Wis., 
where he was engaged in the merchant tailoring business the 
remainder of his life, whose end came March 12, 1868. He had 
learned the tailor's trade in his native land and was a business man 
of the high type of integrity typical of the sterling race from which 
he was sprung. His wife survived him b}' many years and she 
passed the closing days of her gentle and gracious life in Medina 
township, Lenawee county, Michigan, where she died in 1907, at the 
age of seventy-nine years. Of the three children the subject of this 
sketch Avas the first born ; Helen is the wife of Dr. W. C. Hume, a 
successful physician and sitrgeon engaged in the practice of his 
profession at Corruna, Mich. ; and Hattie died in girlhood. The 
parents held membership in the Congregational church, and in poli- 
tics the father first espoused the cause of the Whig party, from 
which he transferred his allegiance to the Republican part}- at the 
time of its organization. Mazzinni F. McGuffie, whose name intro- 
duces this article, gained his early education in the public schools 
of Sparta, Wis., and there he served an apprenticeship at the trade 
of tinsmith. In 1868, soon after the death of his honored father, 
he came to Lenawee county and located in Medina township, where 
he rented a farm for a number of years. His present fine-landed 
estate, which coinprises 240 acres, he inherited from his paternal 
imcle, Archibald McGuffie, and the property has been in his pos- 
session since 1901. He has made many improvements on the home- 
stead, and the same is recognized as one of the model farms of 
Medina township. He practices rotation of the various cereal crops 
best suited to the soil and climate, raises excellent grades of live 
stock, and also secured large yields of the various horticultural 
products each year, besides fruits of diflFerent varieties. Though 
Mr. McGuffie has ever shown an intelligent and lively interest in 



196 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

all that has tended to conserve the advancement and general pros- 
perity of the community, he has never cared to enter the domain of 
practical politics and has never consented to permit the use of his 
name in connection with candidacy for public office. He accords a 
loyal support to the principles and policies of the Republican part}-, 
and is well fortified in his opinions in this field, as in other phases 
of intellectual information. His wife holds membership in the Pres- 
byterian church, and he is an appreciative and valued member of 
the Grange and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On April 
15, 1902, Mr. McGuffie was united in marriage to Miss Ella 
Enabling, daughter of George and Emma (Hopkins) Embling. of 
Rochester, N. Y. Her parents were born in England, and after 
coming to the United States her father devoted his attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits. The beautiful farm home of Mr. and Mrs. 
McGuffie is a center of gracious hospitality and their circle of 
friends is limited only by that of their acquaintances. 

Jacob Mitchell, founder and manager of the firm of Mitchell & 
Son, manufacturers of straw and rag wrapping papers, with mills 
at Palmyra, Mich., and Maumee, Ohio, and a prominent resident 
of Palmyra, was born in Rhenish Prussia, near the French border, 
Nov. 20, 1836. He is a son of Frank Joseph and Anna Maria 
(Eifel) Mitchell, born in the same country in Germany in 1800 
and 1804, respectively. The mother's cousin constructed the cele- 
brated Eifel tower of Paris, France. The father was a tailor by 
vocation, learning the trade in his native land, and after coming 
to this country worked at his calling in Milwaukee, Wis. He re- 
mained there until the outbreak of the Civil war, and being too 
old to enlist in the service of his adopted country, he sent two of 
his sons. Soon afterward he removed with the rest of his family 
to Peoria, 111., where his death occurred in 1866. While living in 
Illinois he was engaged in truck farming. The mother died in 
Peoria in 1892. Jacob Mitchell attended the public schools of ^lil- 
waukee until he was twelve years of age, and then by force of ne- 
cessity was obliged to seek employment. Subsequently he took a 
course in the night schools of the city. His first labors were in a 
paper mill in Milwaukee, the first of its kind built in Wisconsin. 
and after a year found more lucrative employment in another mill 
at Humboldt, now a part of Milwaukee. After three years of faith- 
ful service in the employ of the last named mill he removed to Il- 
linois and worked for two 3'ears for a paper concern at St. Charles. 
Subsequently he went to Appleton, Wis., to work in the first paper 
mill built in a city that has now become famous as a center of paper 
manufacture, and then returned to Milwaukee to remain until after 
his marriage. Following his sojourn there he again went to Il- 
linois and at dififerent times and for dififerent periods had charge 
of mills at St. Charles, Geneva and Clintonville. At the time of the 
outbreak of the Civil war he was employed at Three Rivers, Mich., 
whence he returned to Milwaukee to remain until about 1863. The 
oldest paper mill in the state of Michigan is at IMonroe, and there 
Mr. Mitchell found employment when he left Milwaukee. In 1871 
he disposed of his interests and came to Tecumseh, this county. 



BIOGRAPHICAL I97 

where he purchased an interest in a paper mill. At the end of a 
year he realized an excellent profit by the sale of his property, and 
moved to Adrian, where he was given charge of a like establishment 
then in course of construction. In 1874 he came to Palmyra, built 
the mill w^hich he now owns and has been in direct charge of its 
operations ever since. Business prospered to such an extent that 
in 1908 another mill was opened at Maumee, Ohio, to accommodate 
the trade of the company. Mr. Mitchell's success in life has been 
directly due to his own efforts. Prior to the outbreak of the war 
the highest wages he had ever received were a dollar and a quarter 
a day, but by thrift and industry he has risen to a position of af- 
fluence. While in Monroe he was appointed postmaster by Presi- 
dent Lincoln, and one of his most treasured possessions today is 
his commission signed by the martyred president. The only other 
oflicial position he has ever filled is that of school treasurer, of 
which he is now the incumbent. Throughout his life he has given 
stanch support to the men and measures of the Republican party. 
Fraternally he is allied with the Knights of the Maccabees and the 
IVIodern Woodmen of America. On Sept. 27, 1856, was solemnized 
at Oshkosh, Wis., the marriage of Mr. Mitchell and Miss Anna 
Maria Lite, born at Berlin Heights, Erie county, Ohio, the daugh- 
ter of the late Peter Lite. Mrs. Mitchell was but a small girl when 
her parents removed to Wisconsin and located on a farm near Mil- 
waukee, where her father purchased some government land. About 
1856 Mr. Lite removed to Appleton, Wis., and engaged in the mer- 
cantile business. A few years before his death, which occurred in 
his ninety-fifth year, he moved to Berlin, Wis. Seven children 
were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell. Charles 
A., the eldest, born at Appleton, A\"is., Aug. 27, 1857, married in 
1882 Miss Fannie D. Robison, daughter of Rollin Robison, of Pal- 
myra. For some years he was a bookkeeper in his father's employ 
and assistant postmaster. Since 1903 he has been the postmaster 
of Palmyra village, and has served for a number of years as jus- 
tice of the peace. Besides his other interests, he deals extensively 
in insurance. Albert married Miss Marie Belle De Grafif, a sketch 
of whose father, the late Peter De Grafif, appears elsewhere in this 
volume. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Mitchell now make their home with 
Mrs. De GrafT. Leonard E. Mitchell, born in 1861, is a member of 
the wholesale paper company, known as the Mitchell Paper Com- 
pany, of Toledo, Ohio, in which company his father is also inter- 
ested. He has been twice married. Pi is first imion was to Miss 
Martha Freeman, who died Dec. i, 1894. lea\'ing three children: 
Geraldine, who died at the age of eighteen years; Bradford, who 
now lives with his grandmother Freeman, in Toledo, and Margaret 
L., who makes her home with her maternal grandparents in Pal- 
myra. His second wife is a native of North Baltimore. Ohio. Hen- 
ry C. Mitchell, born in 1863, is a traveling salesman for R. A. Bart- 
ley, wholesale grocer, with headquarters in Toledo, Ohio. He mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Lum, of Palmyra. Jacob E. Mitchell, born in 
1865, is interested in the wholesale paper business with his brother 
and father, in Toledo, and is the father of two sons, Elwood and 



iy8 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

William. Ella, born in 1872, became the wife of Dean C. De Graff, 
a sketch of whose father, the late Peter De Graff, appears elsewhere 
in this work. She and her husband now live in California. Clara, 
the youngest child, born in 1880, is the wife of Harry A. Driggs, 
who is engaged in the mercantile business at Grassy Lake, Alberta, 

Canada. 

John McPhail, Jr., secretary and treasurer of the Adrian Gas 
Company, was born in Adrian, Mich., Nov. i, 1882, the son of John 
and Ellen (Campsie) McPhail. The father is the descendant of 
a long line of sturdy Scotchmen and lived in his native country 
until he was fifteen years of age. After landing on the shores of 
the United States he came w^est and located in Raisin township, 
Lenawee county. The mother was born in New York city and came 
to Michigan with her parents, who were among the pioneer resi- 
dents of Adrian. There she and the father met and were married. 
The subject of this sketch, John, was their first child, and was 
born in Adrian. Subsequently the father moved into the country 
onto a fine fruit farm of sixty acres where he still resides. Five 
other children were born to the parents, three boys and two girls. 
Roy is the cashier of the Adrian Gas Company ; Archie is a student, 
and Jessie, Ellen and Paul are at home with their parents. The 
father realized the value and advantage of a practical education, 
and sent his three eldest children to Brown's Business College in 
Adrian after they had finished their preparatory course in the dis- 
trict schools. After leaving school John McPhail, Jr., entered the 
employ of the Adrian Gas Company. After six years of faithful 
service he has become the secretary and treasurer, the position he 
at present fills. He is a well known member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and his religious faith is expressed by mem- 
bership in the Baptist church of Adrian. On June 12, 1906, w^as 
solemnized the marriage of Mr. McPhail and Miss Clara E. Morse, 
the daughter of J. J. Morse, of Adrian. Mrs McPhail was born in 
LaSalle, Monroe county, Michigan, and received her education at 
Weston, Lenawee county, and at Adrian, where she graduated with 
the class of 1902. One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Phail — Helen Louise. Mr. McPhail and his wife have a beautiful 
home at 65 1-2 Broad street, one of the most desirable residence 
streets in Adrian. 

John W. Murray, one of the members of the firm of Murray 8z 
Phillipson, proprietors of a modern and prosperous marble and 
granite works in Blissfield, was born at Freeport, Ohio, Oct. 15, 
1878, the son of Andrew and Mary (Matsinger) Murray, the former 
a native of Ohio, and the latter of Germany. The father was a 
machinist who worked at his trade until his death in 1880, leaving 
besides his widow four children. The mother married a Mr. Navan 
after the death of her first husband, and by him had three children, 
tw^o daughters and a son. When the mother died at White House, 
Ohio, the daughters were adopted by the Bassett and Pixley fam- 
ilies. Emma, the elder, is now teaching school at Swanton. Ohio, 
and Rose is attending school in Toledo. Edward Navan, the son 
of the second marriage, is living in Toledo. John W. Murray, the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 199 

subject of this review, enjoyed the educational advantages afforded 
by the common schools ol Swanton, and there learned the trade 
oi marble and granite cutter, at which he worked in Swanton for 
t\vo and a half vears after he had mastered the vocation. He then 
came to Blissfield to accept a position with the granite company 
and remained in the employ of the company for seven consecutive 
years. By 1905 he had managed by industry and frugality to save 
enough of his earnings to form a partnership with Air. Phillipson 
and purchase the business, which they have since successfully con- 
ducted under the firm name of Murray & Phillipson. Both of the 
proprietors are themselves expert in the work, and personally 
oversee the workmanship of the four men in their employ. The 
plant is equipped with the most modern devices for cutting stone 
and the quality of the product has won the firm a wide reputation, 
orders being received every day from as far east as Toledo, Ohio. 
Mr. Murray is a Republican in his political convictions, but has 
never attempted to become the recipient of public honor. Frater- 
nally he is allied with Adrian Lodge, Free and Accepted Alasons, 
and Blissfield Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
His religious nature finds expression in membership in the Presby- 
terian church. On May 20, 1903, Mr. Murray was united in mar- 
riage to Aliss Lena Robertson, born in Blissfield, April 11, 1883, 
the daughter of Joseph and Lucinda (Scott) Robertson. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Robertson are natives of New York, and although their 
home is in Blissfield, they spend the better part of their time in 
Washington, D. C, where Mr. Robertson is employed in the war 
department. 

John Murphy, D. V. D., who has been a resident of Lenawee 
county for nearly forty years, and w4io has here been engaged in 
the practice of veterinary surgery and dentistry for a quarter of a 
century, is one of the representative members of his profession in 
this section and has long controlled a large practice, while he has 
also given a general supervision to the operation of his fine farm 
in Clinton township. Dr. Murphy was born in County Antrim, 
Ireland, ]\Iay 10. 1853, a son of John and Mary (Sample) INIurphy, 
both of whom were likewise natives of the fair Emerald Island, 
the former born in 1817, and the latter in 1819. They immigrated 
to America in the '80s, came direct to Lenawee county and took 
up their residence on a farm in Macon township. Later tiiey re- 
moved to Clinton township, where they passed the remainder of 
their long and useful lives. The father passed away on Oct. 27, 
1903, and thus did not long survive the devoted wife and mother, 
who died on January i of the same year. Of their nine children 
four sons and two daughters are living. They were devout mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church, and in politics the father was a 
stanch Republican. He became one of the successful farmers of 
this county and so ordered his life in all its relations as to merit 
and receive the respect and confidence of his fellow men. Dr. Jolm 
Murphy, the immediate subject of this sketch, passed his boyhood 
days in his native land, where he was afforded the advantages of 
the national schools, securing the honors in a class of 1871. After 



200 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the family immigrated to the United States he did not continue his 
studies, except in the great school of life, until he finally took up 
the study of veterinary surgery and dentistry, having an able pre- 
ceptor and eventually becoming specially skilled in all branches of 
his profession. He became a resident of Tecumseh on May i, 1871, 
at which time he w^as eighteen years of age, and he has since con- 
tinued to reside in this county. For twenty-five years he has here 
been engaged in the active work of his profession, and upon the 
establishing of the state board of veterinary examiners he was duly 
registered as a practitioner — a formality that had not previously 
been necessary — and he has at all times kept abreast of the ad- 
vances made in his profession. On May 12, 1904, he was graduated 
in the school of the V'eterinary Science Association, of London, 
Canada, and on June 12, 1905, was graduated in the Detroit Vet- 
erinary Dental College at Detroit, Mich. His practice has been ex- 
tended over a wide area and his success has been such as to give 
him a specially high reputation. His farm, which comprises eighty- 
eight acres of most productive land, is located in Clinton town- 
ship, and is equipped with the best of improvements. Dr. Murphy 
is aligned as a stalwart supporter of the cause of the Republican 
party, and in a local way he has been an active worker in its be- 
half. He served for a time as highway commissioner in Macon 
township and later held the same office for two terms in Clinton 
township. He has also served with much acceptability as justice 
of the peace, and for nine years he was treasurer of the school board 
of his district, which he served as moderator for six years. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian church in Tecumseh ; is affiliated with 
Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; Tecumseh 
Lodge, Xo. 190. Knights of Pythias ; Tecumseh Lodge, No. 14, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and the local camp of the In- 
dependent Order of Foresters, in which he served as chief ranger 
for four years. On Dec. 9, 1873, Dr. Murphy wedded Miss Joseph- 
ine Langthorne, who was born in Macon township, this county, a 
daughter of Thomas and Eliza (Shepard) Langthorne, who were 
early settlers of this county, where they continued to reside until 
their death. Dr. and Mrs. Murphy became the parents of six chil- 
dren, of whom the sixth died in infancy. Those living are Mary 
E., John E.. James G.. Thomas L. and Eva D. 

Eugene C. Norcross, who died on his fine homestead farm in 
Franklin township, this county, March 26. 1905. was a native of the 
county and a scion of one of its old and honored pioneer families. 
His career was emphatically one of integrity and usefulness, and 
itpon the' record of his life rests no shadow of wrong or suspicion 
of evil. He lived up to the full measure of his powers for accom- 
plishment, was loyal and public-spirited as a citizen, and his course 
was ever guided and governed by the loftiest principles, so that 
to him was given the unequivocal confidence and esteem of his 
fellow men. His sterling worth of character was best appreciated 
bv those among whom he was reared and who had full knowledge 
of the various stages of his progress as one of the world's noble 
army of workers. To such men it is most fitting that a publication 



BIOGRAPHICAL 20I 

of this nature should give specific recognition. Eugene Charles 
Norcross was born in Clinton township, this county, Feb. 24, 1846, 
and was a son of Aaron and Helen (Allen) Xorcross, the father 
a native of the state of New York, and the mother of Vermont, 
which two states contributed so large and valuable a contingent to 
the early settlement of the various counties of Southern Michigan. 
Both the paternal and maternal grandparents of the subject of this 
memoir came to Lenawee county in the early pioneer epoch, and 
his paternal grandfather took up a tract of heavily timbered land 
in Tecumseh township, where he developed a productive farm. 
There the grandfather passed the residue of his life, his wife having 
died previously in Monroe county. It is but consistent that men- 
tion be made concerning them in this volume, which thus aims to 
give recognition to the worthy pioneers who laid broad and fast 
the foundations for the superstructure of a great and opulent 
count}'. Aaron Norcross was reared to maturity on the old home- 
stead in Tecumseh township, and he continued to be associated in 
its work and management until he initiated his independent career 
by purchasing a farm in Clinton township, in the vicinity of the 
village of the same name, where he continued for about six years. 
He then purchased a farm in Franklin township, near Tipton, where 
he passed the residue of his life, whose termination came on Nov. 23, 
1892. His wnfe died in 1876. They became the parents of two chil- 
dren, of whom Eugene Charles, of this sketch, was the elder; Frank, 
the younger son, is now living retired in the city of Adrian. Eu- 
gene C. Norcross was reared on the old home farm, to whose work 
he early began to contribute his quota of aid, and his preliminary 
educational discipline was secured in the district schools, after 
leaving which he completed the curriculum of the Tecumseh High 
School. Later he was for three years a student in the University 
of Michigan, and he was a man of fine intellectuality and broad 
mental ken, one who ever continued to take a lively interest in 
good literature as well as in the questions and issues of the hour. 
As a young man he did successful work as a teacher in his home 
district, and he never abated his interest in educational matters. 
He served for several years as school inspector of Franklin town- 
ship, and for five years rendered most effective service as county 
inspector of schools. He held prestige as one of the representative 
farmers and stock-growers of the county, and his operations were 
conducted with marked discrimination and judgment, involving 
the utilization of the best of modern facilities, so that he gained 
the maximum returns from his efforts. His homestead, which is 
still owned by his widow, comprises 175 acres, most eligil)ly located 
in Franklin township, and the place is improved with excellent 
buildings and maintained under a high state of cultivation. He 
also became the owner of three lots on Madison street, in the city 
of Adrian, and this property, situated opposite the grounds of 
Adrian College, is still owned l\v Mrs. Norcross. Avho also jiur- 
chased her present attractive residence property, which is located 
at No. 7 South McKinzie street. In politics Mr. Norcross was a 
loyal supporter of the Democratic party. He was affiliated with the 



202 MEAiUiKS UK LENAWEE COUNTY 

Tipton Grange, the Knights of Pythias, and was always an active 
worker in the Congregational church, of which Mrs. iNorcross also 
was a zealous member, but is now a member of the Presbyterian 
church at Adrian. His life was redolent of kindliness and he 
made for himself a secure place in the confidence and esteem of all 
with whom he came in contact in the various relations of life. On 
Jan. 29, 1879, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Norcross to 
Miss Alice Lacy, who was born in the city of Milwaukee, Wis., and 
who is a daughter of Eugene and Eleanor (Wilson) Lacy, both 
natives of Cooperstown, Isl. Y., where the former was born in No- 
vember, 1826, and the latter on March 20, 1825. In her native place 
Mrs. Lacy was reared to maturity, and there she attended the pri- 
vate school conducted by a daughter of James Fennimore Cooper, 
the celebrated author. Mr. and Mrs. Lacy were married in their 
native town, and thence they removed to the city of Buffalo, N. Y., 
where they resided for less than two years, then went to the city 
of Milwaukee, Wis., where he was associated with his father in 
general contracting and architectural work. Later Mr. Lacy es- 
tablished himself in business as a photographer. A few years later 
they returned to Cooperstown to visit the old homestead, but later 
took up their residence in Prairie du Chien, Wis. In 1884 they re- 
moved to St. Paul, Minn., where they maintained their home and 
where the father was engaged for a time in the commission busi- 
ness. In October, 1905, they came to Michigan and found a home 
with their daughter, Mrs. Norcross. Mr. Lacy died at the latter's 
home in Tipton, on Jan. 21, 1907, and his cherished and devoted 
wife was summoned to eternal rest about four weeks later, so that 
"in death they were not long divided." Of their four children, two 
are living — Herbert Wilson Lacy, a resident of St. Paul, Minn., 
and Mrs. Norcross, widow of the subject of this memoir. Mr. and 
Mrs. Norcross became the parents of two children : Helen, who 
was born April 21, 1881, is the wife of W. Clarence Fisher, one of 
the representative farmers and stock-growers of Tipton township, 
where he owns and occupies a farm near the old Norcross home- 
stead of which latter he also has charge. Eleanor Eugenia, the 
younger daughter, remains with her mother and is now pursuing a 
special course of study in Adrian College. 

Henry L. Older, M. D., has gained prestige as one of the able 
and popular ph3'sicians and surgeons of his native county, and is. 
successfully established in the practice of his profession at Morenci. 
He is a scion in the third generation of one of the old and honored 
pioneer families of Lenawee county, with whose annals the name 
has been identified from the territorial epoch in the history of 
Michigan. He was born on the old homestead farm of his father, 
in Adrian township, this county, Dec. 2. 1868, and is a son of Wil- 
liam and Eleanor (Hawley) Older, the former of whom was a na- 
tive of the state of New York, and the latter was born in Rome 
township, this county. In 1833, as a boy, AVilliam Older ac- 
companied his parents on their immigration to the Territory of 
Michigan, and his father, William Older, took up government land 
in Adrian township, where he essayed the development of a farm 



BIOGRAPHICAL 203 

from the virgin forest. He was one of the sterling pioneers of the 
county and was prominent in its civic and industrial affairs in the 
early days. He continued to reside here until his death, as did his 
devoted wife. William Older was reared to manhood on the home 
farm and his educational discipline was such as was afforded by 
the pioneer schools. He continued to assist in the work and man- 
agement of the paternal farmstead until he had attained to the age 
of twenty-three years, when he inaugurated his independent career 
by securing i6o acres of government land in Adrian township. 
The greater portion of this farm was reclaimed to cultivation under 
his direction and he became not only one of the substantial ag- 
riculturists of the county, but was also a citizen to whom was ever 
accorded the fullest measure of popular confidence and esteem. He 
was a man of forceful individuality, guided his life according to 
the strictest principles of integrity and honor, and wielded much 
influence in public affairs of a local nature. His political allegiance 
was given to the Democratic party and both he and his wife were 
members of the Congregational church. Mrs. Older was sum- 
moned to the life eternal July 4, 1905, and his death occurred June 
8, 1907. They became the parents of three children — Mary E., who 
is the widow of Norman Peters, and who still resides in this coun- 
ty ; Charles F., who is a representative farmer of Adrian township, 
and Henry L., who is the immediate subject of this sketch. Dr. 
Henry L. Older passed his boyhood days under the helpful influ- 
ences and discipline of the home farm and secured his early edu- 
cational discipline in the public schools, after which he was for 
two years a student in Adrian College. Having decided to prepare 
himself for the profession which he is now following, he was matric- 
ulated in the Michigan College of Medicine, in Detroit, having, in 
the meantime been a teacher for four years in the schools of Jasper, 
and was graduated as a member of the class of 1895, and from 
which he received his well earned degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
After his graduation he located at Canandaigua, this county, where 
he was engaged in the practice for seven months, at the expiration 
of which he established his residence and professional headquarters 
in the village of Morenci, Jan. i, 1896, and here he has built up 
a large and representative practice — one fully indicatory of his 
skill as a physician and surgeon and of his personal popularity in 
the community. He is a member of the Michigan State Medical 
Society and is a close student of his profession, in all departments 
of which he keeps in close touch with the adxances made from 
year to year. In politics the Doctor shows an abiding faith in the 
principles of the Democratic party, of whose cause he is a zealous 
supporter, and in a fraternal way he is identified with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On Jan. 
I, 1900. Dr. Older was united in marriage to Miss Mertie M. Wil- 
liams, who was born and reared in this county and who is a daugh- 
ter of Daniel S. and Sabra (Morris) Williams, the former of whom 
was born in Rome township, this county, and the latter in Seneca 
township. ^Ir. A\'illiams was for many years engaged in the lum- 
ber business in Morenci, but he disposed of his interests here in 



204 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

1906 and removed to Detroit, where he is now established in a suc- 
cessful real estate business. He was one of the influential citizens 
and prominent business men of Morenci, and served for a number 
of years as a member of the village council. He is a Republican 
in politics and he and his wife attend the Congregational church. 
Both are members of honored pioneer families of Lenawee county. 
Dr. and Mrs. Older have no children. 

Delbert Mutschler, deceased, was born in Dover township, 
Lenawee county, Michigan, and was the son of Gotfried and Jane 
(Cadoo) Mutschler. The father was a native of Germany, of Ger- 
man-French ancestry, and the mother was a native of Ireland, of 
Scotch-Irish descent. Gotfried Mutschler came to America with 
his parents when a young man and located in Adrian, Mich. When 
the Civil war began he tendered his services in defense of the 
Union and continued in the army during practically the entire pe- 
riod of the great national conflict. After the Avar he returned to 
Lenawee county, Michigan, and settled on a farm in Dover town- 
ship, where he was actively engaged in agricultural pursuits vmtil 
his death. He was a zealous member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. Mrs. Mutschler survived him until Christmas, 1902, 
when her death occurred on the old homestead. The subject of 
this review was one of three children born to Gotfried and Jane 
Mutschler. They were as follows : Delbert was the eldest child ; 
Minnie, who is unmarried, resides with her sister in Adrian and 
is engaged as a dressmaker; Myra is a resident of Adrian, Mich., 
and is the wife of Richard Hathaway, a traveling salesman for a 
fence company. Mr. Mutschler obtained his education in the 
schools in the village of Clayton and in Dover township, Lenawee 
county. On Sept. 21, 1904, was solemnized his marriage to Miss 
Lillian J. Carnahan, who was born near \\niite Pigeon, Mich., a 
daughter of Francis M. and Sarah (Bond) Carnahan, both of whom 
were natives of Pennsylvania. Her father taught school in Penn- 
sylvania for a number of years and then learned the carpenter's 
trade. He removed to Michigan about 1849 and located near 
White Pigeon, where he continued his trade of carpenter and con- 
tractor. About 1866 he removed to Adrian, Mich., where he fol- 
lowed his former occupation until his death on July 30, 1890. His 
first wife died Sept. 26, 1876, and his second wife was Miss Sarah 
Stevenson, to which union were born two children : Arthur, a farmer 
residing in Galena. Kan., and Alice, wife of Martin Moore, a brick 
and stone mason, of Moscow, Hillsdale county, Michigan. Mrs. 
Mutschler was one of six children by her father's first marriage, 
of whom five are living. The children were: Thomas M., deceased, 
Nov. 8, 1877; William C, a carpenter, who now resides in the 
northern part of Michigan; Edwin D., a resident of Adrian, en- 
gaged in carpentering; Joseph F., a farmer in PalmA'^ra township; 
Lillian J., the widow of Mr. Mutschler, and Gertrude M., wife of 
James Robbins, a resident of Hillsdale, where he is engaged as 
manager of the branch store of Grinnell Bros., music dealers, of 
Detroit. Before his marriage Mr. Mutschler was associated with 
his father in the successful management of the home farm and also 



BIOGRAPHICAI, 205 

owned a threshing outfit of which he made a profitable business, 
and at the time of his death he was the owner of forty acres of the 
old home farm in Dover township. His death on May 9, 1908, ter- 
minated a useful career in the county. Mrs. Mutschler sold the 
farm and bought the pleasant and comfortable home where she 
now resides, and which she will make her permanent home, de- 
voting a portion of her time to the dressmaker's art. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mutschler had no children. Mr. Mutschler was a Republican in 
his political views and his fraternal relations were with the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. His religious views were expressed 
by membership with the Methodist Episcopal church, of Clayton, 
Mich. Mrs. Mutschler is also a member of that denomination, and 
holds her membership in the First Methodist Episcopal Cliurch 
of Adrian. 

Lucian Gregory North, M. D., a leading physician, and one 
of the foremost citizens of Tecumseh, Mich., was born in Tompkins 
county, New York, on Oct. 29, 1850. His father, John C. North, 
was also born in Tompkins county on Jan. 5. 1820, the son of 
Joshua and Jemima (Hedden) North, natives of Pennsylvania, who 
shortly after their marriage on Jan. 5. 1808, located on a farm in 
Tompkins county. John C. North was always a farmer and was 
an honorable, sincere and unassuming character, who did his duty 
as he saw it. In i860 he came to Michigan with his family and 
after spending two years at Delhi, Ingham county, Michigan, he 
removed to Parma, Jackson county, and after a residence there of 
five years, owing to declining health he removed to Tecumseh, 
where he passed away on March 31, 1879. On Jan. 5, i860, was 
celebrated his marriage to Miss Abbie Jane Gregory, a daughter 
of Elijah and Amy (Ketchum) Gregory, of Tompkins county, New 
York, born Sept. 27, 1824. They had two children, the daughter, 
Amy, having died near Lansing, Mich., in 1861. Dr. North was 
reared on a farm until he was seventeen years of age, receiving 
the scholastic training afforded by the common schools in the vi- 
cinity of his home. On coming to Tecumseh with his parents in 
1867 he entered the high school, and for two years was a student 
in that institution. During the five years immediately following 
he was employed in a sash, door and blind factory and in 1874 be- 
gan the study of medicine in the of^ce of Dr. I. S. Hamilton. Sub- 
sequently he entered the medical department of the University of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor, and in June. 1877. the regents of that in- 
stitution granted him the degree of Doctor of Medicine. For two 
years after he remained in Ann Arbor pursuing post-graduate work, 
and during that time acted as secretary of the faculty of the medical 
department. In June, 1879, he returned to Tecumseh and opened 
an office for the practice of his profession with Dr. Hamilton. This 
partnership continued for two years and since that time Dr. North 
has been busily engaged attending to his own private practice. 
The first few years of his work he had some difficulty in making 
ends meet, but he kept his courage and by persistence and in- 
dustry has won high rank among the physicians of the county. 
Dr. North occupies a prominent j^lace in the life of the community. 



206 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

For twenty-four continuous years he was a member of the school 
board, and twenty-three years of the time acted as its secretary. 
Beside his professional practice he is interested as a director in the 
Tecumseh State Savings Bank, and the Anthony Fence Company, 
and is one of the trustees of Kalamazoo College. For more than 
thirty years he has been a prominent member of the Baptist church, 
and for twenty 3^ears of that time served as superintendent of its 
Sunday school. Professionally he is identified with the Lenawee 
County Medical Society, of which he was elected president in 1908; 
the Michigan State Aledical Society, and the American Medical 
Association, and is also local surgeon for the Lake Shore & Michi- 
gan Southern, the Detroit, Toledo & fronton, and the Detroit 
Southern railways. On Sept. 3, 1878, was solemnized Dr. North's 
marriage to Miss Ida M. Stevens, a daughter of Asahel and I^ucia 
(Bowen) Stevens. Mrs. North was born at Cooperstown, N. Y., 
Sept. 13, 1853, and her father, who was a native of Springfield, N. 
Y., was a seafaring man and before his marriage visited nearly 
every important country on the globe. Two children were the 
issue of the union of Dr. and Mrs. North. Naomi S., the elder, 
w^as born Dec. 7, 1879, graduated at Kalamazoo College, and taught 
one year in the Kalamazoo High School. On March 10, 1904, she 
was united in marriage to Charles H. Williams, of Tecumseh. 
Cuyler S. was born Sept. 7, 1882, and w^as a student at Kalamazoo 
College. While visiting at Albion, Mich., he met an untimely end 
in a railroad accident on June 6, 1903. When the Doctor's children 
entered the schools of Tecumseh he was a member of the school 
board and at the end of their twelve years' course had the satisfac- 
tion as secretary of the school board of presenting each with a cer- 
.tificate of graduation. 

Philip Joseph O'Neill, a master carpenter in the employ of the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway, was born on a farm in 
Sharon tow^nship, \A^ashtenaw county, ^Michigan, Nov. 9, 1849, the 
son of Carnelius and Esther (Matthews) O'Neill. Both parents 
were born in Ireland, the father in County Westmeath and the 
mother in County Dublin. Although they came from the old coun- 
try in the same year, 1834. they did not become acquainted until 
after they settled in New York, where the}' were later married. 
For a time they lived on Staten Island, w'here the father owned a 
small tract of land and did a general market gardening business, 
selling his produce in New York. In 1844 he disposed of his prop- 
erty and came west to Washtenaw county, Michigan, w'here he 
settled on a farm. There the mother died in i860 and the father 
twenty years later. Five sons and three daughters were born to 
the parents, of whom one daughter, Mary, the wafe of James Cor- 
win, of Oklahoma, and four sons, Philip J., of this sketch ; Flenry, 
of Sharon township, Washtenaw county ; Edward, of Toledo, Ohio, 
and William, of Los Angeles, Cal., survive. All the members of 
the family received their educational training in the district 
schools of Washtenaw county. Philip J. O'Neill learned the car- 
penter's trade when twenty years of age and has since been success- 
fully engaged in that occupation. In 1872 he entered the employ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 20/ 

of one of the large railroads as a carpenter, but after four years in 
the work, engaged in house building- and other lines of carpentering, 
and thus continued for more than ten years. Then, in 1887, he en- 
tered the employ of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway, 
as a journeyman carpenter, passed through the various grades and 
in 1894 became a master carpenter, which position he is still filling 
with credit to himself and the company. In political matters Air. 
O'Xeill espouses the Republican cause, but has never sought pub- 
lic office. Fraternally he is allied with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and although he does not belong to any religious or- 
ganization he attends the services of the Presbyterian church, of 
which his wife is a member. On Sept. 20, 1877, Mr. O'Neill was 
united in marriage to Miss Jennie Potts, a daughter of the late 
William Potts. Mrs. O'Neill was born in Napanee, Ontario, and 
educated in Kingston, where her parents removed shortly after 
her birth. To Mr. and Mrs. O'Neill have been born four children, 
viz : Nellie A., now the wife of Warren B. Van Orden, graduated 
at the Adrian High School in 1899; Josie, at home, graduated in 
1897; ]\Iary M., at home, graduated in 1904, and Philip J., Jr.. a 
student at the high school in the class of 1911. The daughters 
were all born in Manchester, Mich., and the son at Monroe. The 
O'Neill family have lived in Adrian since 1894 and since 1898 have 
occupied their present residence at No. 72 Toledo street. 

George Palmer, who owns and manages a furniture store and 
undertaking establishment in Blissfield, is a native of New York 
state, born in Dutchess county, Jan. 16, 1850. He is the son of 
John and Ruth Ann (Laut) Palmer, born in New York state in 
1827 and 1829 respectively. His mother died in Wayne county, 
New York, in 1854 and soon after his wife's demise John Palmer 
migrated to" Michigan, locating in Adrian township, Lenawee 
county, where he engaged in farming. Some years ago he left 
Adrian township and at present is a resident of Rome township. 
George Palmer, of this sketch, is the only child of his parents. He 
received his educational training in the public schools and grad- 
uated at Adrian with the class of 1866. Upon finishing his stud- 
ies he engaged in farming until 1879, when he built a sawmill, 
cutting the timber used himself, and doing custom work for other 
people. While operating the mill he bought a threshing outfit with 
which he threshed grain all through Lenawee county, meeting with 
well earned success. By good management and industry he saved 
a sufficient competence during this period to embark in the 
furniture and undertaking business in Blissfield in 1898, forming 
a partnership with A. D. Ellis, under the firm name of the George 
Palmer Furniture Company. After six years the partnership was 
dissolved, Mr. Palmer taking his partner's interest in 1904, and 
becoming sole proprietor. Since that time he has continued to build 
up the business to its present large proportions, being a leader in 
this line in Blissfield. Mr. Palmer is independent in his politics 
and exercises his privilege of franchise as his conscience dictates. 
He takes an active part in local afifairs and served seven years on 
the village board of P.lissfield. On Jan. 15, 1874. Mr. Palmer was 



208 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

united in marriage to Miss Frances Johnson, daughter of Schuyler 
and EHzabeth (Miller) Johnson. Mr. Johnson died in 1863 and 
his widow is now residing in Blissfield. Mrs. Palmer was born in 
Wayne county, New York, June 24, 1848, and came to Michigan 
with her parents when they moved to their new home in Lenawee 
county. Here she was given the advantage of a practical educa- 
tion. Four children have come to bless the Palmer home — Bertha 
is now Mrs. Saxton, living in Blissfield ; Walter assists his father 
in business ; Harr}' is a clerk in the A. D. Ellis dry goods store and 
lives at home; and Hope is also at home. The family are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. 

Levi C. Hayden — Among those to whom the thriving little 
city of Tecumseh is indebted for its business and civic prestige is 
Levi C. Hayden, who is a native son of Lenawee county, and one 
of its most honored and progressive citizens. He was born in Te- 
cumseh, March 25. 1869, and is a representative of one of the ster- 
ling pioneer families of this favored section of the state. He is 
a son of William and Sarah M. (Hosmer) Hayden. the former born 
in the state of New York, March 25, 1819, and the latter a native of 
Ohio, where her parents settled in the pioneer epoch of that com- 
monwealth. William Hayden was summoned to the life eternal 
in February, 1896, and his cherished and devoted wife passed away 
in 1900. Both were devout communicants of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church and were prominent and influential in the local parish 
of the same. Mr. Hayden was for many years a member of the 
vestry of the parish and long served as one of its wardens. Fie did 
much to forward the material and social advancement of Tecum- 
seh, and was one of the honored and influential citizens of the 
county. In politics he accorded a stanch allegiance to the Demo- 
cratic party and in local affairs of a public nature he* was a dom- 
inating figure, ever striving to promote the best interests of the 
community in which he maintained his home for nearly two-score 
years. He served as mayor of Tecumseh and held other offices of 
local trust, while to him Avas ever given the unqualified confidence 
and esteem of all who knew him. AA'illiam and Sarah M. Hayden 
became the parents of eight children, of whom four are living, viz : 
Albert S., of Toledo, Ohio; Mrs. Ezra J. Ware, of Kansas City, 
Mo.; Levi C, the immediate subject of this sketch, and J. Marvin, 
of Grand Rapids, Mich. AVilliam Hayden came from New York 
to Michigan, settling in Jackson in 1850. In 1858 he took up his 
residence in Tecumseh, where he purchased the old Globe Flour 
Mills, which were erected in 1833, by the firm of ^^^ing, Evans & 
Brown, and with the operation of which he continued to be actively 
identified until his death. The original title of the mills has ever 
since been retained and of the company now operating the mills 
the subject of this sketch is president and manager. Levi C. Hay- 
den, whose name initiates this article, was afforded the advantages 
of the excellent public schools of Tecumseh, including the high 
school, after which he became a student in the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, Boston, Mass., and soon after completing 
the course in this celebrated institution he went to Grand Rapids, 




WILLIAM HAYDEN 



THE N 


CW YORK 


pypiT- 


'^?'-"^RY 


ASir,,-^, 


L?;,<;.x .AND 


TILDSN i- 


?tJN' CATIONS 


R 


. L 



LIOGKAPHJCAL 209 

Mich., where in 1895 he engaged in the business of handling mill 
supplies in partnership with his brother, J. IMarvin Hayden, the en- 
terprise being conducted under the firm name of J. ^I. Hayden is: 
Company. In 1896 Mr. Hayden returned to Tecumseh. where he 
established himself in business as a manufacturer of the Labesta 
washing powder. He made the enterprise a distinctive success and 
continued at its head until 1898, when he sold the business to be- 
come one of the interested principals in the ownership and opera- 
tion of the Globe Flour Mills. In this enterprise his associate 
was his brother, W^illiam H., and after the rebuilding of the mills, 
which were destroyed b}^ fire on March 25, 1898, the brothers ef- 
fected the incorporation of the Globe Milling Company. William 
H. Hayden died on October 10, 1902, and since that time Levi C. 
Hayden has been in control of the thriving business as president 
and general manager of the company. The mills are thoroughly 
modern in equipment and facilities, having a capacity of 150 barrels 
a day, and the enterprise contributes in large measure to the in- 
dustrial and commercial prestige of Tecumseh. Mr. Hayden is a 
man of much initiative power and progressive ideas, his business 
afifairs are handled with discrimination and abilitv, and he has so 
ordered his course in all the relations of life as to maintain the con- 
fidence and good will of the people of his native county and all 
others with whom he has had business or social relations. He is 
the owner of a fine farm property in Macon township, and of real 
estate in the city of Tecumseh, in addition to his interest in the 
flour mills, besides being a stockholder in an insurance company. 
In politics Mr. Hayden accords allegiance to the Democratic party, 
and he and his wife are communicants of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, in whose faith he was reared. For about ten years past 
he has served as secretary of the vestry of the parish of St. Peter's 
.church. In the time-honored Masonic fraternity Mr. Hayden has 
varied affiliations, which are here noted: Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Tecumseh Chapter, Xo. 42. Royal 
Arch Masons ; Blanchard Council, No. 34, Royal and Select Mas- 
ters ; Adrian Commandery, No. 4, Knights Templar ; and Moslem 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in 
the city of Detroit. He is also identified with the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles. In the year 1892 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Hay- 
den to Miss Blanche Mead, who was born in Macon township, Len- 
awee county, Michigan. Aug. 15, 1870, a daughter of Leroy and 
Josephine (Clarkson) Mead, both of whom are now deceased. The 
father was one of the representative farmers of Macon township, 
and was a man of influence in his community. He served with dis- 
tinction as a soldier in the Civil war, in which he rose to the rank 
of lieutenant. The followiu"- children were born to Levi C. and 
Blanche (Mead) Hayden: Josephine; Leroy (deceased), Camilla 
and Perry Mead. Mrs. Hayden was called to the life eternal on 
April 9, 1904, and in February, 1906. Mr. Hayden was united in 
marriage to her sister. Miss Camilla Mead. No children have been 
born of the second marriage. 
14-2V 



2IO MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

William Onweller, who is now living virtually retired from ac- 
tive business and who maintains his home in the attractive village 
of Morenci, is one of the honored and distinctively popular citi- 
zens of the county. He is a native of Fulton county, Ohio, which 
lies contiguous to Lenawee count}-, and which is a portion of the 
narrow strip of land which was originally claimed by both Michi- 
gan and Ohio and the controversy concerning which caused what 
is known in history as the "Toledo war." The two states were in 
belligerent attitude for some time, but Michigan finally gained its 
upper peninsula upon resigning claim to the debated strip of land 
given over to Ohio. William Onweller was born in Chesterfield 
township, Fulton county, Ohio, Dec. i, 1846, and is a son of Wil- 
liam and Susan Onweller, the former of whom was born in New 
York state, as was also probably the latter, though the subject of 
this review has little authentic data concerning her family history. 
In 1834 AA'illiam Onweller. Sr., became one of the pioneers of Ful- 
ton county, Ohio, where he secured a large tract of government 
land in Chesterfield township. He became the owner of four hun- 
dred acres, and he reclaimed a considerable portion of his land to 
cultivation prior to his death, which occurred on the old homestead 
farm in Alarch, 1864. His wife passed away Oct. 19, 1849, and 
both were consistent members of the Christian, or Disciples' 
church. They became the' parents of six children, namely : James, 
who is deceased ; Samuel, who died while serving as a soldier in 
the Civil war ; Martha Jane, who is deceased ; Andrew J., who is a 
successful farmer in Medina township, this county; Susan, who 
married Hiram Van Sickel and who died, leaving three children, 
and AA'illiam, who is the immediate subject of this sketch. The 
father was a man of strong individuality and impregnable integ- 
rity — one who ever commanded the unqualified confidence and re- 
gard of his fellow men. He took a loyal interest in public affairs, 
and was a supporter of the cause of the Republican party from the 
time of its organization until his death. AA^illiam Onweller, Jr., 
whose name initiates this article, was reared on the old homestead 
farm in Chesterfield township, Fulton county, Ohio, and his early 
educational advantages Avere those afforded in the common schools 
of the locality and period. He continued to be associated with the 
work of the home farm until there came the call to higher duty, 
when the integrity of the nation Avas thrown into jeopardy through 
a mad rebellion. In April. 1864, Mr. Onweller gave rein to his 
youthful patriotism by enlisting as a private in Company D, One 
Hundred and Thirtieth Ohio infantry. He was but seventeen vears 
of age at the time and he forthwith entered active service with his 
regiment, which was a part of the Army of the Potomac. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Deep Bottom and in various other en- 
gagements which marked the progress of his command on the route 
betAveen Petersburg and Richmond, Va.. and he received his hon- 
orable discharge Sept. 22. 1864. at the expiration of his term of en- 
listment. He perpetuates the most pleasing memories and asso- 
ciations of his arm\'- life bA' retaining membership in the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and his popularity in his post is indicated 



BIOGRAPHICAL 211 

by the fact that he has served two years as- commander of the same. 
He takes a deep interest in his old comrades in arms and is one of 
the valued and appreciative members of the Grand Army Post in 
Morenci, No. 33, Col. Alyron Baker Post. After his return from 
the war Mr. Onweller resumed his association with the work and 
management of the home farm, and he eventually became the 
owner of 280 acres of the same. This fine homestead, in his native 
township, he still owns and he continued to reside upon the farm 
until 1894, when he came over' into Michigan and took up his resi- 
dence in Morenci, where he has since lived retired, save as he ac- 
cords a general supervision to his various real estate and capital- 
istic interests. In addition to his farm he is the owner of a half 
interest in a drug and grocery store in Fayette, Fulton county, 
Ohio. In politics Mr. Onweller is aligned as a loyal advocate of 
the principles of the Republican party, and he and his wife hold 
membership in the Christian, or Disciples' church, in whose faith 
he was reared. He is president of the cemetery board of Morenci, 
of which he has been a trustee for several years. He served two 
terms as commander of Morenci Post, Grand Army of the Republic; 
is affiliated with the lodge and encampment bodies of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, in the former of which he has held the 
office of noble grand, and he has filled all the chairs in the encamp- 
ment. He is also associated with the auxiliar}^ organization, the 
Daughters of Rebekah. He also holds membership in the Grange. 
Mrs. Onweller has been president of the Myron Baker Relief Corps 
for five years. On New Year's day of the year 1868, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Onweller to Miss Mary Ann Shadle, 
daughter of Joseph and Jane (Burke) Shadle, of Dover township, 
Fulton county, Ohio. The parents were born in Lebanon county, 
Pennsylvania, and were numbered among the pioneer settlers of 
Fulton county, Ohio, where Mr. Shadle took up government land 
and reclaimed a good farm. He was a carpenter by trade but the 
agricultural industry engrossed his attention during the major por- 
tion of his active business career. He died Nov. 19, 1901. at the 
age of eighty-six. years, three months and eight days, and his wife 
passed away on Oct. 28, of the same year, at the age of eighty-nine 
years and eight months. Mr. Shadle was a Republican in politics 
and he held the office of county commissioner in Fulton county, 
Ohio, for many years, besides having served as township trustee. 
He was identified with the Grange, and both he and his wife were 
zealous members of the Disciples' church. To Mr. and Mrs. On- 
weller were born ten children, whose names are here entered in 
order of birth : Arthur, Oliver, Bertha, Leroy, Clyde, Blanche, Ira, 
Nellie, Harvey and Florence L. Arthur died Oct. 13, 1907; Oliver 
is a resident of Morenci ; Bertha is the wife of Orville Donovan, 
of Chesterfield township, Fulton county, Ohio; Leroy is a farmer 
in Seneca township, Lenawee county; Clyde is engaged in the mer- 
cantile business at Lyons, Ohio ; Blanche is the wife of Albert 
Blair, of Ohio ; Ira died Sept. 29, 1881 ; Nellie is the wife of Ernest 
Dewey, of Fayette, Ohio; Harvey resides in Morenci, and Florence 
remains at the parental home. 



212 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Jay G. Philpott, one of the prominent business men of Adrian 
and a wholesale dealer in wines and liquors, was born in Broome 
county. New York, Nov. 3, 1866, the son of Thomas and Alice 
(Moshier) Philpott. The father was in the malleable iron and 
foundry business in Utica, N. Y. The mother died on Christmas 
day, 1882, some years after her husband's demise. During the 
Civil war the father served three years in a New York regiment of 
the Union army. Three sons were born to the parents. Edward 
D. now lives in Utica, N. Y., and Charles T. died in Utica some 
thirty years ago. Jay G. Philpott was the oldest of the three sons, 
and all his educational advantages were received in the schools 
of Utica. His first labors after the completion of his scholastic 
career were as a drug clerk, for which he passed the state exami- 
nation in Utica in 1885. For a time he was connected with the 
Koppitz-Melchers Brewing Company of Detroit. In 1900 he 
removed to Adrian and two years later established his present 
business, which he has since been successfully cohducting. He is 
a distributor of California wines and is a wholesale agent for the 
Koppitz-Melchers Brewing Company of Detroit. Beside his busi- 
ness interests in Adrian he is proprietor of the J. G. Philpott Liquor 
Company, wholesale wine and liquor merchants, of Port Huron, 
Mich., and spends about half his time in that city. The Port Huron 
company was started about the same time as the Adrian company, 
and the two concerns have developed to large proportions. In the 
matter of politics Mr. Philpott is a Democrat, but has never been 
an aspirant for public office. Fraternally he is allied with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and the Knights of 
Pythias. Although he is not affiliated with any religious organi- 
zation he attends the services of the Episcopal church, of which 
his v^ife is a member. On June 6, 1889, Mr. Philpott was united in 
marriage to Miss Gertrude B. Durham, the daughter of Joseph 
Durham, of Romeo, where Mrs. Philpott was born and educated. 
Mr. Philpott owns the old Pomroy homestead of twenty acres, 
beside three store buildings. He is a great fancier of finely bred 
chickens, and his pens of Houdans, Brahmas and Leghorns have 
won many prizes at the dififerent fairs and poultry shows where 
they have been exhibited. 

Homer H. Osborn, of Deerfield township, a well known citi- 
zen of Lenawee county, Michigan, has furnished the following 
facts concerning himself and ancestry, for the benefit of his de- 
scendants who may refer to these pages long after he is dead and 
gone, and thereby not only learn of an honored ancestry, but from 
their long and useful lives, gain much to emulate. Homer H. Os- 
born was born in Batavia, Genesee county, New York, Jan. 29. 1825. 
and is descended from distinguished Revolutionarv stock. His 
father, Richard Osborn, was born in Massachusetts. Nov. 16, 1784. 
With his father, also named Richard Osborn, he came to Eastern 
New York when a young man, engaged for some time in rafting 
lumber and timber on the St. Lawrence river, and was also em- 
ployed in a ship yard at Montreal, Canada. He then returned to 
his home in Massachusetts and secured the consent of the father 



BIOGRAPHICAL 213 

to remove with his family; composed of the parents, five sons and 
four daughters : Nathan, Richard, Joseph, Erasmus, William, Lou- 
isa, Electa, Eunice and Polly, to Batavia, N. Y. The father pur- 
chased a farm one and one-half miles south of that village, and 
Richard, the father of Homer H. Osborn, purchased a farm on the 
Tonawanda road, one mile west of Batavia, and built a log house on 
it in 1812. He and his brothers, Joseph and Erasmus, took part 
in the War of 1812. While with their regiment, which was located 
at the barracks near the arsenal at the junction of the Buffalo and 
Tonawanda roads, they were ordered to Buffalo, w^itnessed its 
burning and was in the fight at Niagara. Some time after the close 
of the war Richard received tardy recognition for his services by 
being granted a pension. The further military record of the Os- 
born family consists of the services of Joseph Osborn, the great- 
grandfather, and Richard Osborn, the grandfather of Homer H. Os- 
born. who fought together in the Continental army during the 
Revolutionary 'war. On Sept. 19, 1777, they were in the battle of 
Bemis Heights and also fought together on Oct. 7, 1777. at the bat- 
tle of Saratoga, which resulted in the surrender of Burgoyne's 
army to General Gates, on Oct. 17, in which battle Joseph Osborn 
was killed and Richard Osborn was so severely wounded in the leg 
that he was made a cripple for life. Of the latter patriot's children, 
Joseph, Erasmus, Electa, Eunice and Polly never married, but lived 
and died on the old home farm near Batavia, N. Y. Louisa mar- 
ried William Denslow and their only son, William Denslow. Jr., was 
born in Pembrook, N. Y., about 1818, and died at Ouincy, Mich., in 
1890. Four of his children are living, viz: George and Simon Dens- 
low. Mrs. Anthony Drake and Mrs. Frank Amsden, all of Ouincy, 
Branch county, Alichigan, except George, the eldest who resides in 
Cambridge. Lenawee county, Michigan. Nathan and William both 
married and the latter had one son, A. W. Osborn. who is at pres- 
ent cashier of the Dickerson County Bank, at Spirit Lake, Iowa. 
Richard Osborn married Miss Lydia Bristol on Jan. i, 1815, and 
began housekeeping on his farm west of the village of Batavia, N. 
Y. He was busily engaged in improving his farm for the following 
twenty-five years and in connection with that work he was also en- 
gaged extensively in quarrying and fitting large quantities of build- 
ing stone and burning lime to supply that section of the country, 
all of which necessitated the employment of numbers of men. Dur- 
ing this time the following children were born to Richard and 
Lydia (Bristol) Osborn: Melona, born Jan. 9, 1816, married Josiah 
Haines in the spring of 1834 and removed to a farm he had pur- 
chased on the River Raisin opposite Petersburg. Mich., where he 
resided until the spring of 1836, when he removed to Cambridge, 
where she died Nov. 11, 1843. leaving three children, all of whom 
are now dead. Richard T., born July 9, 1818, built the first pleas- 
tire resort at Round Lake, Mich., which he operated successfully 
a number of years, then sold out and engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness in Addison, but later disposed of that business and remo\-ed 
to a farm one mile north of Addison. He was married in the fall 
of 1855 and died on May 3. 1909, after a long and busy life of use- 



214 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

fulness, leaving" neither wife nor children. Milton Osborn, born 
Jan. 1 8, 1 82 1, came to Michigan with his sister Melona in the 
spring of 1834. Six years later he returned to New York and took 
up the study of medicine, in which he became eminently success- 
ful, practicing for over thirt}' years at Albion, Mich., and was also 
the physician for the Michigan Central railroad for several years. 
His death, in 1885, was due to an accident received from being 
tipped over while riding in a cutter. A wife and four children sur- 
vive him, two of whom are daughters, married; Charles is an ac- 
countant in the office of the Cincinnati Northern railroad, at Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio ; Jay is a graduate of dentistry, not only from the 
University of Michigan, but also from the Glasgow, Scotland, Den- 
tal College, and is now filling a three-year contract in Cape Colony, 
South Africa. Joseph B. Osborn was born Dec. 23, 1822. He 
learned the miller's trade, successfully managed a number of flour- 
ing mills, built one and run it for a time, but being constantly in 
the dust gave him the asthma, which compelled him to abandon 
that work. He then engaged in the pension and insurance business, 
and was elected justice of the peace of Woodstock township, where 
he served for seventeen years in that office, his death occurring in 
the fall of 1894. He was twice married and has two children liv- 
ing: Mrs. Kate Hare, a resident of Rollin township, and Adelbert, 
in the employ of the Lamb Fence Company, of Adrian. Homer 
H. Osborn, the date of whose birth is given at the beginning of 
this sketch, receives more specific mention further on in this sketch. 
William W. Osborn was born at Batavia, N. Y., May 10, 1827. He 
remained at home on the farm tmtil sixteen years of age, when he 
went to Jackson, Mich., hired out as a teamster, and there an in- 
cident determined his future. For a time after coming to Michi- 
gan there were no schools near their home, so the father took it 
upon himself to teach his children, would line them up along one 
side of the home shanty and "give out" words for them to spell. 
He was rigid in his discipline and ere long his children came to be 
noted as spellers, especially AVilliam W., who while in Jackson, 
learned that there was to be a contest, or spelling match, between 
the east and west side schools, and his curiosity led him to attend. 
He was chosen by the east side schools, to even up sides, with the 
result that he spelled down both schools. After this there was a 
declamation program and Ruel C. Baker, a lawyer, and one of the 
school board, called the champion speller out to declaim. He re- 
sponded by giving "The Negro's Complaint," and won the prize. 
As a result Mr. Baker prevailed on him to enter his office and take 
up the study of law, which he did. and prior to his death, in 1903, 
he had attained to eminent success, having practiced in Addison, 
Hudson, Adrian and Lansing. At the time of his death he was the 
oldest lawyer in consecutive years belonging to the Lansing Bar 
Association, the court adjourned and the bar association attended 
his funeral in a body. He was twice married and of his seven 
children, five are living, viz : Emmet, employed at the Michigan 
Central railroad freight department at Jackson, Mich.; Norman, a 
traveling salesman at Lansing, Mich."; Zanthus, a candy manu- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 21 5 

facturer at Cleveland, Ohio; Olie, now Mrs. Frank Munger, of 
Chicago, 111., and Malona, now Mrs. William Derbyshire, of Hud- 
son, Mich. Erasmus Osborn was born May 23, 1829, at Batavia, 
N. Y. He remained on the farm until he was twenty years old, 
when he came to Adrian, Mich., and learned the drug business, but 
not liking it he took up patent rights for a time and then became 
a traveling salesman, which he followed until his death at Grand 
Rapids, Mich., in March, 1907. He married on July 4, 185 1, Miss 
Eliza \Vheeler, who now resides with her only daughter, at Grand 
Rapids, Mich. The only son, Emmet, is in the harness and sad- 
dlery business at Cleveland, Ohio. Eunice C. Osborn was born 
at Batavia, N. Y., Nov. 17, 1831, and remained at home with her 
parents until 1873, when she was married to George Higdon, who 
was a grocer, of Leslie, Mich. They removed to Addison, Mich., 
in 1897, where she died in August, 1904, and he in the spring of 
1906, leaving no children. Jenett Osborn was born May 22, 1834, 
and died ten months later. Lydia A. Osborn was born in Cam- 
bridge, Mich., Dec. 30, 1835, attended school in Addison and Adrian, 
and taught several terms in the district schools. She married 
Isaac N. Hathaway on Jan. 7, 1861, at Addison, Mich., and died 
at her home there on Jan. 31, 1909, her husband having passed 
away at the same place, April 17, 1896. They have three children 
living : F. R. Hathaway, the secretary and manager of the Michi- 
gan Beet Sugar Company, lives at Detroit ; Marion L., now Mrs. 
John Landon, lives on the homestead, and Mildred C, the wife of 
Dr. Walter Peck, resides in Dallas, Tex. Julia A. Osborn was 
born May 26, 1841, attended school in Addison, taught several 
years, and was married to Charles Denio in May, 1867. They have 
four children : Bernice is the wife of Dr. Frank Gibson, of Jack- 
son, Mich. ; Carrol and Stewart are in business in Alabama, and 
Winfield R., resides on the home farm near Addison. The quarter 
of a century during which these various sons and daughters of 
Richard and L3^dia (Bristol) Osborn were born, brought its changes 
as the country was cleared up and populated. The pioneer spirit 
which seemed to be a trait of the Osborn family inspired Richard 
Osborn to dispose of his home in New York and to again become 
a pioneer in the \vilds of Michigan. Therefore on June i, 1835, he 
was ready to start with his family to Michigan, at the age of fifty- 
one, to begin pioneer life as he had done twenty-five years before. 
He came by wagon to Buffalo, N. Y., there took the steamei, 
North America, but as she could not land at Monroe, Mich., his ob- 
jective point, he was compelled to disembark at Detroit, from 
which place he had his goods shipped back by small craft to Mon- 
roe. He put his wagon together, hitched on his horses, got his 
family aboard, and started across the country to Petersburg, ]\Iich.. 
to the home of his daughter, Melona, and son, Milton. The first 
night was spent at the home of a Mr. Hawkins, a Batavia (N. Y.) 
man, who was then keeping a hotel at Ypsilanti, and the next night 
they arrived at the home of Josiah Flaines. The next day Rich- 
ard Osborn and Josiah Haines saddled their horses and started out 
to find or look for a desiral)le tract of land on which to found the Os- 



2l6 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

born homestead. They went up the River Raisin to where Adrian 
now stands and took the Territorial road for Devil's Lake. The 
road was partly opened to Rome Center and blazed through to 
Gambleville on the Chicago pike. In the extreme northwest corner 
of Lenawee county, at the head of Devil's Lake, they found Joseph 
Younglove (father of Aaron, of Adrian), who made location of 
lands a business, and with his assistance Mr. Osborn selected four 
eighty-acre lots, secured their description, went to Monroe and 
paid $500 for the 320 acres. Then again, as twenty-five years be- 
fore, he began hewing a home from the forest. His first work was 
to build a shanty, which he located near a good spring. In this 
work he was assisted by his sons, Richard and Milton. The fam- 
ily took possession of this new home on July 16, 1835, their nearest 
neighbors in any direction (except Indians) being three miles 
away. He brought with him a span of young horses, a yoke of 
oxen, two good cows and five pigs, to which he added thirty head 
of sheep the following fall. This equipment made it quite home- 
like, their neighbors though far away were exceedingly hospitable, 
and the Indians who visited them nearly every day also treated 
the family with kindness. He remained there until about seventy 
years old, during which time he sold a forty-acre lot, gave his sons 
120 acres, disposed of the remainder and removed to Addison, 
where his wife died in 1873, aged seventy-eight years. He survived 
her until Dec. 31, 1878. when he passed away at the age of ninety- 
four years. Although his educational advantages had been very 
limited in his youth, he kept abreast of the times, Avas considered 
an authority on historical events for years prior to his death, and 
though a man of energy, he died as he lived, without an enemy. 
Homer H. Osborn took his chances as his brothers had done in the 
district schools, until he was seventeen years old, when he entered 
Hance's Academy, in Adrian, and after one term, with a large class 
of students mostly from the country, he successfully passed an 
examination for teachers and taught the following winter at Wolf 
Creek. He came back to Adrian for the spring and fall terms, 
taught near Toledo, Ohio, the next winter, again returned to Adrian 
for the spring and fall terms, and the following winter he taught 
near Lima, Ohio. At the close of that term of school he returned 
to Adrian and learned the machinist's trade, after which he set up 
a score or more of engines in Southern Michigan. As a mechanic 
he climbed to the top of the ladder through efficiency and merit 
alone. His skill and workmanship were not only known in Michi- 
gan, but also in several other states, notably in Kentuckv and Ten- 
nessee. A few incidents in his career are herewith given : Ar- 
riving in Louisville. Ky.. a total stranger, he had no trouble in se- 
curing a position as a machinist and in less than three months he 
secured three advances in salary, from $3 a day to $150 per month 
and expenses, the latter position requiring both practical knowl- 
edge and tact in management. In Adrian he served seven years 
as secretary of Engine Company No. 2, sat at each meeting beside 
Sam Hart, treasurer, and with that crew of jolly fellows turned out 
more fun to the hour than all the rest of the town combined. For 



BIOGRAPHICAL 21/ 

a number of years he was a member of the Mechanics' Mutual 
Protection Society, and was on a committee with James \Y. Helnie, 
Sr., to draft a bill and draw up a petition to the Michigan legisla- 
ture to prevent teaching trades to state convicts. The bill passed, 
and as Mr. Osborn was secretary, he conducted all the corre- 
spondence concerning it. Politically he is a "Jefferson Democrat." 
and has always taken a lively interest in behalf of his party and its 
principles. He has taken an active part in several notable cam- 
paigns and his services as a public speaker were sought for by cam- 
paign managers. He made his first public speech at the age of six- 
teen years in a school debate, the question being on the merits of 
Hamilton and Jefferson. A candidate for the legislature heard him 
make that speech and was so impressed with its Jeffersonian De- 
mocracy that he engaged young Osborn to accompany him on his 
speaking tour. In the convention which nominated J. Logan Chip- 
man, he made a labor speech which attracted wide attention, and 
he was at once placed on the speaker's list with such men as Syl- 
vester Larned and Richard Travilick. of Detroit. He also stumped 
the district with Col. Eldredge when the latter ran for Congress. 
When John D. Campbell ran for mayor of Adrian he called a con- 
ference of the party leaders at his home, to which Mr. Osborn was 
especially invited to give his views on how to secure the votes of 
the workingmen. His plans were adopted and they secured a Dem- 
ocratic victory. AMiile employed in Michigan City, Ind.. in 1862, 
he boarded at the Jewel House, where the officers of the U. S. Con- 
script regiment also boarded. They observed that he read the 
Chicago Daily Times and took exceptions toTt. abusing him in un- 
becoming language, which encouraged him to take an active part 
in local politics. He at once organized a workingmen's associa- 
tion, and although the Republicans imported their most noted 
speakers, among them Schuyler Colfax, who spoke twice, and 
many other big guns. Michigan City secured the first Democratic 
majority it had had in twelve years. In Jackson. Mich., in 1868. he 
repeated his Michigan City policy and the Democrats won with a 
good majority. In the city of Louisville. Ky., in a half hour's talk 
before 750 employees he raised about $1,600 for the Chicago fire 
suft'erers. Arriving in Nashville, Tenn., a total stranger, he saw 
hand bills calling all business men to a meeting to devise means 
to induce immigration, as well as manufacturers to come to the 
South and 'locate. He attended the meeting and took a back seat 
listening to the speakers until all had spoken, when he inquired of 
the chairman if he could ask a question. The chairman assented 
and Mr. Osborn inquired whether or not they would like to hear 
the experience of one from the booming towns along the Michigan 
Central railroad. P.eing assured they did, he told them pointedly 
and emphatically that they had the finest commercial chance in 
the world if they would take advantage of their opportunities. He 
outlined to them a plan which was adopted, and at the request of 
the editor of the Xashville American, Mr. Osborn was put on the 
committee on printing and through his advice and assistance the 
plans of the committee were successful. From the time he was 



2l8 MEMOIRS OF LEX A WEE COUNTY 

seventeen years of age ]\lr. Osborn has been a contributor to news- 
papers, particularly in railroad matters, and wrote for the Railroad 
Gazette, the first railway paper in the United States. About 1850 
he was initiated into the order of Free and Accepted Masons, which 
with him. stands next to the good old "Jeftersonian Democracy." 
He does not affiliate with any church, believing that his reward for 
a well spent life will depend upon his honest and upright inter- 
course with his fellow man. He has been twice married, first to 
Joanna Brightman on Dec. 31, 1850. She died Xov. 28, 1865, and 
iiis second union was on May 8, 1867, to Mrs. Huldah E. Frey. 
There were two children by the first marriage — Ella M., who was 
married to Melvin L. Baker, of Adrian, Mich., on May 18, 1875, re- 
sides in Toledo, Ohio, and has two sons, Roy and Elmer, both of 
whom are railroad men in the Southwest; Elmer B. Osborn, born 
in Adrian, Mich., June 25, 1855. attended school until the spring 
of 1870, then went South and learned the management of the me- 
chanical and transportation departments of railroading in all of 
their practical details, as well as the theory and practice of applied 
electricity. He now holds a first class license as engineer for the 
state of Ohio and is at present looking after the running and re- 
pairs of all the machiner}' of the Libbey Glass Works, at Toledo, 
Ohio. He was married in 1880 to Miss Anna IMarcham, and has 
two sons. Rex, an electrician and engineer in the Secor Hotel at 
Toledo, Ohio, and Don R., a mold-maker at the Libbey Glass 
Works, in that city. By the second marriage there was one son, 
Homer B., living in Dayton, Ohio, where he has charge of the art 
department of the United Brethren Engraving Company. Luella 
Frey, the step-daughter of ]\Ir. Osborn, was six years old when 
her mother married the second time. She married Egbert H. Van- 
Wey, of Palmyra, and they have one son, Dean, who is engaged 
in the grocery business at Carnesville, Ga. Mr. Osborn, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-four years, is now residing on his w'ell im- 
proved farm in Deerfield township and enjoying the fruits of his 
long and eventful life. 

Page Woven Wire Fence Company. — There are few com- 
modities among the agricultural necessities of today, the gross an- 
nual purchases of which reach the vast and ever increasing expendi- 
tures being made for woven wire fencing. Yet this commodity, 
like many of the accessories of present day living, is only now ap- 
proaching the twenty-fifth anniversary of its discover}- and dis- 
closure. Pioneer among all the heavy wire enclosures for general 
farm purposes was the "Page Woven Wire Fence," now known 
all over the world. From insignificant beginnings, in 1884, it en- 
ters its jubilee year wnth a record of having been successfully in- 
troduced into every civilized nation of the globe. The Page Woven 
Wire Fence Company has. meantime, developed from an "infant 
industry" into one of the largest and most important industrial en- 
terprises of Southern Michigan. It had its genesis" in a predom- 
inating idea, and that idea in turn was born of the keen foresight 
and practical sense of the man for whom both fence and company 
are named— J. Wallace Page, of Adrian. By the southern camp"- 



UIOGRAPH IC AL 2 I [) 

fires, fed with the top rails from the nearby farmers' fences, in the 
dark days of the '60s, he foresaw that the then apparently illimit- 
able timber resources of the country would one day be exhausted, 
and that proper fencing for crops and stock would then become a 
serious problem of the landowner. At the close of the war he re- 
turned to the old farm in Rollin township and immediately gave 
himself to the peaceful pursuits of the agriculturist and stock- 
grower. But never did he quite lose the vision which had come 
to him of a great future need which some resourceful spirit must 
supply. It is not known how many years of quiet, patient study 
and investigation Mr. Page consumed in such an effort, but it was 
in 1884 that acceptable evidence of his solution of the problem 
made its appearance in the form of the first square-mesh woven 
wire fence ever produced and offered for sale in this or any other 
countrv. It is a remarkable tribute to the keen discrimination and 
practical genius of the man that the Page fencing sold today where- 
ever the soil is tilled or herds and flocks are grazing, is in every es- 
sential particular the counterpart of the fence which Mr. Page pro- 
duced by hand labor a quarter of a century ago. The history of 
the early years of the enterprise is a story of heroic struggles 
against adverse conditions, stubborn prejudices and more or less 
well meant, but harsh criticism, which would have disheartened 
any man not possessed of dogged persistency and indomitable op- 
timism. Even neighbors and closest friends endeavored to dis- 
courage and dissuade, pointing out the probable loss of savings on 
such a forlorn hope. But over all these the idea and the man have 
abundantly triumphed. The very first Page fence was made with 
a simple hand contrivance in a barn on Mr. Page's farm in Rollin, 
but a little later a hand loom of rude construction was set up in a 
small wagon shop in Rollin village, and here was turned out some 
thousands of rods of the first fences sold, much of it doing as good 
service today as during the season of its erection. The first power 
loom was erected in the neighboring city of Hudson, but in 1888 
it was removed to Adrian and set up in a small brick building, 
which still forms a portion of the Adrian plant. Four years longer 
Mr. Page conducted the business alone and against odds which 
must have broken a less resolute spirit. By 1889 it had grown to 
proportions requiring more extensive organization and larger cap- 
ital than he could alone command. In that year the original Page 
Woven Wire Fence Company was organized, and although the 
tremendous growth has necessitated two subsequent reorganiza- 
tions the general policy and plan of the business have remained 
practically unchanged. As was to be expected, prosperity and 
growth soon bred their sure crop of competitors — and some imi- 
tators. The great industrial combinations began to make them- 
selves felt as factors in the commerce of the country, and could not, 
of course, overlook so promising a field as had been laid bare by 
the Page pioneering. It is history that liberal — not to say extrava- 
gant — offers were made to induce a merger of the Page interests 
with others which were being combined into the most colossal 
consolidation of industrial organizations the world has known. It 



220 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

may not be so well understood that Mr. Page's flat and persistent 
refusal to be so merged saved to Adrian the industry which blazed 
the trail for the city's present and future prosperity. This stanch 
stand of the Page company has brought it into a unique position 
since it was thereby forced to seek independent sources of supply 
of its raw materials. This situation has resulted in the erection 
by the company at Monessen, Pa., in the heart of the greatest steel 
producing center of the world, complete mills and factories for the 
production of its wares from the furnace to the finished articles. 
There is no more complete nor more modern steel plant in the 
whole Monongahela valley, or elsewhere, embodying as it does 
every process needful to make the company independent producers. 
The high grade of wire required in fencing of the type early 
adopted by Mr. Page can be produced by only a few mills, but the 
Page plants were constructed with that exigency in view, and have 
an output of about 4,000 tons of steel per month. The capacity of 
the Monessen plant was increased some threefold during 1908, a 
growth demanded by ever widening trade. The general offices of 
the company have remained in Adrian where the original weaving 
plant was established and is still operated. Some idea of the 
growth of the company's business may be gained from a compari- 
son of the trade of 1889 (the year of the first organization) and 
1908 — an increase from $37,000 in '89 to more than 100 times that 
amount in 1908. A majority of the company's stock and the con- 
trol of the business have always been owned in Adrian. The com- 
pany has the following officers, most of whom have held their 
respective positions for a term of years : J. Wallace Page, presi- 
dent ; Charles M. Lamb, acting president and general manager; 
Austin Clement, vice-president and chairman of finance committee ; 
Arthur B. Cody, secretary; Leslie B. Robertson, treasurer and 
manager of Adrian plant ; John E. Carr, cashier ; George L. Bennett, 
assistant to president ; Elmer E. Sattley, manager of Monessen 
plant; Tom M. Collins, auditor; Robert Darnton, general sales 
manager ; besides the following district sales managers : John S. 
Bonner, Edmund Childs, W. H. Childs, E. C. Dershem. E. B. 
Knapp, E. E. Metcalf, Charles S. Park, R. M. Rogers, W. G. Smith 
and W. N. Swift. 

Frank A. Pentlow, a farmer of Ogden township, whose 
achievements in life have been directly due to his own efforts, was 
born in Palmyra township on June 16, 1875. Mr. Pentlow's 
ancestry was wholly of English extraction, and he is, therefore, 
decended from that sturdy race whose achievements in every part 
of the world have aided so materially in advancing civilization. 
He is the son of John and Mary (Sayers) Pentlow, the former 
born in Northampton, England, in 1828, and the latter in the same 
country about 1830. They came direct to Chicago from the British 
Isle, and subsequently to Adrian, where the father was engaged in 
the hotel business until the outbreak of the Civil war, when he 
enlisted in Company B. Ninth Michigan cavalry. After he had 
received an honorable discharge from that organization he returned 
to Lenawee county and engaged in farming in Palmyra township, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 221 

and later in Ogden township. The mother passed away in 1883 
and the father's demise occurred in 1901. Seven children were 
born to the parents, all of whom are living. Emma is the wife of 
Edward Carnahan, a carpenter in Adrian ; William is a farmer in 
Palmyra township; Ida is the wife of George Sawyer, of Palmyra 
township ; Edward is a farmer near Adrian ; Frank, .of this sketch, 
is next in order of birth ; Delbert is a farmer in Palmyra township ; 
and Anna is the wife of Joshua Davis, of Battle Creek, ]\Iich. 
Frank Pentlow received his scholastic training in the district 
schools of Palmyra township, and from the time he finished the 
prescribed courses in those institutions until he was twenty-two 
years of age he earned his livelihood by working by the month on 
farms in different parts of the county. Since he reached that age 
he has devoted his whole attention to the management of his own 
farm, and has made an eminent success in his chosen field of labor. 
Fraternally Mr. Pentlow is identified with the Knights of the 
Maccabees at Ogden Center, the Gleaners at Palmyra village, and 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, belonging to the lodge 
located at Ogden Center. In politics he supports the men and 
measures of the Republican party, but has never aspired to hold 
office. Mr. Pentlow's marriage to Miss Gertrude Bailev. the daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Chian (Brockway) Bailey, occurred Dec. 28, 
1897. They have no children. Mrs. Pentlow's father died on July 
10, 1906. He was a native of England, coming to America when a 
young man, and was a veteran of the Civil war. 

Charles H. Piatt, proprietor of the modern hostelry in Adrian, 
known as Piatt's Hotel, was born in that city on May i, 1872, the 
son of A\'illiam L. and Elizabeth (Trupp) Piatt. The father was 
born in New York on Oct. 16, 1833, came west to Adrian when 
but fifteen years of age and became one of the pioneers of the city. 
He was twice married, first on Sept. 30, 1855, to Miss Elmira 
Denison, and three children were born to bless the union, two of 
whom died in infancy. Mrs. Elmira (Denison) Piatt died on 
March 19, i860, and on Nov. 29, of the same year, he vas united 
to Miss Elizabeth Trupp. Seven children were born to this union, 
of whom four are now living. George F. is a farmer near Devil's 
Lake ; Cora is now Mrs. Fred A. Sloan, of Adrian township ; and 
Anna is Mrs. G. B. Derbyshire, of Spokane, Wash. The father w^as 
a man of varied commercial interests. He built Piatt's Hotel, 
bought and sold small produce, had other interests which claimed 
his attention, and at the time of his death was reputed to be in 
good financial circumstances. His death \vas due to an accident. 
While removing shingles from the roof of the Lake Shore & Mich- 
igan Southern shops on vSept. 18, 1901, he fell to the ground and 
broke his neck, death resulting almost instantlw The mother died 
Jan. 13. 1885. As soon as Charles H. Piatt, the subject of this 
review, finished his scholastic training he secured a position with 
the Gilliland Electric Company, with whom he was associated for 
some time. During the four years immediately following he 
worked in Schoolcraft's European Hotel and restaurant, and then 
for a 3'ear was the proprietor of the Select Club. Since his father's 



222 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

death he has had full charge of Piatt's Hotel, which is one of the 
favorite stopping places of the traveling public. Beside the pro- 
prietorship of the hotel he devotes a good deal of his attention to 
the management of his city property interests. Fraternally he is 
identified with the Order of Eagles, but politically is not asso- 
ciated with an}' party. He was reared in the Baptist faith, but 
the pressure of his large business interests allow him little time 
to attend divine worship. On Aug. 5, 1902, Mr. Piatt was united 
in marriage to Miss Mary Butler, born in Northern Michigan and a 
daughter of John Butler, now a resident of Maumee, Ohio. Three 
children have been born to bless this union — Thelma E., Charles 
H., Jr., and Harold, aged four and two years and eight months 
respectively. 

Samuel S. Porter, a thrifty and progressive farmer of Lenawee 
county, is a native of West Virginia, born in Preston county, that 
state/lnne 16. 1855. He is the descendant of a line of patriots, his 
paternal grandfather having served with distinction in the War of 
the Revolution. The parents, William and Susan (Sell) Porter, 
the former a -native of Maryland, never came to Michigan, but 
spent their lives on the farm in West Virginia. The father died in 
1858 and the mother is also deceased. Five children were born to 
the parents. Timothy is deceased ; John F. is a farmer, living near 
Brooklyn, Mich., and has a family of five children; James H. mar- 
ried Aliss Olive Shafifer and is now a farmer in Ogden township ; 
Samuel S. is the subject of this memoir; Katherine is the wife of 
George Evans, a farmer of West Virginia, and the mother of seven 
children. Samuel S. Porter attended the district schools in West 
Virginia and when but sixteen years of age started out to earn 
his own living. Until he came to Michigan he worked by the 
month for neighboring farmers. In 1876 he came to Michigan and 
purchased eighty acres of land in Ogden township, cleared and 
improved it and after nineteen years sold it at a goodly advance 
over what he had paid for it. Then he purchased his present farm 
of 100 acres, drained, cleared and partially improved it by build- 
ing the barn and remodeling the house. He devotes himself espec- 
ially to the fattening of cattle and the raising of a high grade of 
swine for market purposes. During six years of the time he was 
thus engaged he derived an excellent income from a wood and 
coal business in which he was interested in Blissfield. All that Mr. 
Porter has accomplished in life has been the direct result of his 
own effort, and his tenacit}- of purpose and honest industry are 
well worthy of emulation. For twelve years he served the com- 
munity as a school director, elected on the Republican ticket, to 
which part}- he has given unswerving allegiance. His deeply 
religious nature finds expression in zealous and devout member- 
ship in the United Brethren denomination and he attends the 
Zion church at Victorsville. On Christmas day, 1875, was solemn- 
ized the marriage of Mr. Porter and Miss Harriet L. Wotring, the 
daughter of Daniel C. and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Wotring, of West 
Virginia. Mr. Wotring was a farmer by vocation and for a time 
served as postmaster at Horseshoe Run. W. Va. The mother died 



BIOGRAPHICAL 223 

May 17, 1891, and the father died in August, 1897. They were 
the parents of ten children, seven of whom survive. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Porter were born seven children. Stella May, the eldest, is 
the wife of Fred Wilt, of Ogden township ; Carrie is the wife of 
W. H. Rowland, formerly of Adrian, but now a professor in a 
business college at Tiffin. Ohio ; Iva is Airs. Joel Iffland. and her 
husband is a farmer in Adrian township ; Lela is the wife of Pres- 
ton Luke, a farmer of Palmyra township ; Velma is the wife of 
Archie Bruce, a farmer of Ogden township ; William A. lives on 
and has charge of the home farm. In January, 1909, he was mar- 
ried to Aliss ^Margaret Esther Bruce, daughter of Robert Bruce, 
of Ogden township. Clementina, the youngest child, is a stu- 
dent in the Blissfield High School. In March. 1909, Mr. Porter 
removed from his farm to his beautiful home in Blissfield. where 
he intends to engage in any profitable business which offers him 
the most advantageous inducements. 

Dion H. Pope, deceased, for many years prominent as a farmer 
and lawyer, was born in Hamilton, N. Y., March 24, 1854. He was 
the son of Russell D. and Lucy (Farmer) Pope, both natives of 
the Eastern states, and they came to Lenawee county about 1858. 
They purchased the farm in Palmyra township where Mrs. Dion 
H. Pope now resides, and continued to reside there the balance of 
their lives. The mother died Feb. 20, 1878, and the father married 
Miss Kate Hillkirk, whose death occurred in March, 1907. Russell 
D. Pope was born in Burlington, Otsego county, New York, May 
8, 1820, and died in Palmyra, Sept. 20, 1898. His father, 
Arnold Pope, was born in Burlington, N. Y., March 5, 1778, and 
died in Hamilton, N. Y., Dec. 21, 1868. He was a soldier in the 
War of 1812. Gresham Pope was born in Bennington, Vt. 
Arnold Pope, in 1802. married Hannah Thompson, daughter of 
Elihu and Desira Thompson, by whom he had seven children. Dion 
H. Pope was the only child of his parents. He received the edu- 
cational training afforded by the schools of Lenawee Junction, and 
in 1875 graduated at Adrian College. He remained at home until 
after his mother's death in 1878 and then removed to Allegan, 
Allegan county, where he entered a law office for the study of the 
profession. After two years of assiduous application he success- 
fully passed the examination and was admitted to the bar. He 
was successfully engaged in his practice until the time of his mar- 
riage, supplementing his income from that source by teaching in 
the schools. When he gave up his professional career he returned 
to his father's farm and was engaged in its management until the 
time of his demise, which occurred on April 11, 1899. Since his 
death his widow and his only son have operated the farm of eighty 
acres, and have maintained the high standard of excellence estab- 
lished by Mr. Pope. Dairying is noAv the chief source of income 
and their herd of cows is recognized as one of the best in the town- 
ship. The milk is shipped to Toledo, where it has won a fine 
reputation for its purity and excellence. In the matter of politics 
Mr. Pope was identified with the Democratic cause, but never 
aspired to hold public office of any nature. On ^March 15, 1883, 



224 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Mr. Pope was happily married to Miss Clara Belle Bowen, born in 
Janesville. Wis., April 5, 1858, and who was a successful teacher 
in this county, teaching" in Palmyra and Raisin townships., A brief 
review of her family appears elsewhere in this volume, in the sketch 
of her brother, Melville H. Bowen. To Mr. and Mrs. Pope was 
born on April 5, 1886, a son. Clive Bowen, who conducts the farm. 
Dion H. Pope was a scholar and a lover of good literature. He 
was an active member of the Knights of the Maccabees, and also 
of the Grange. 

Parmenas W. Lewis. — A publication of this nature exercises 
its supreme function when it enters tribute to the memory of 
worthy citizens who have been called from the scene of life's en- 
deavors and who have left records on which rest no shadow of 
wrong or suspicion of evil. Such a one was Mr. Lewis, who was 
one of the representative farmers of Medina township for nearly 
half a century and who ever commanded unequivocal esteem as a 
man and as a loyal and public-spirited citizen. He was born in 
Sandusky county, Ohio, Oct. 3, 1835, and his death occurred on his 
fine homestead, in Medina township, Feb. 15, 1908. He was a son 
of James and Millie (Witter) Lewis, both of whom were natives 
of the state of New York, where the respective families were early 
founded. James Lewis came to the west in 1832, and located in 
Sandusky county, Ohio, where he developed a productive farm, and 
where both he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives. 
They were members of the Baptist church and exemplified their 
faith in their daily lives. They became the parents of three chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of this memoir was the first-born ; Eu- 
nice became the wife of Sanford Hofif and both are now deceased ; 
and Almenas continues to be a resident of Sandusky county, Ohio. 
Parmenas W. Lewis was reared to maturity in his native county, 
where he early became familiar with all departments of labor on 
the home farm and where he was afforded the advantages of the 
common schools of the period. He continued to be associated in 
the work and management of the old homestead until 1859, when 
he came to Michigan and took up his permanent residence in I^en- 
awee county. In the year mentioned he purchased 120 acres of 
land in Medina township, and he bent his energies and powers to 
the development of the property and to making his success one of 
cumulative order. How well he realized his ambition is shown 
in the fact that at the time of his death he was the owner of 
a fine landed estate of 400 acres. The major portion of this 
farm property was reclaimed by him and the excellent buildings 
which adorn the place were all erected by him. He made 
a specialty of the raising of sheep and horses, and was always 
progressive in his ideas, so that he kept in touch with the ad- 
vances made in the great basic art of agriculture and lived to the 
last fully appreciative of the ever-increasing benefits and privileges 
which it was his to enjoy and to whose procurement he contributed 
his due quota as a citizen and business man. His life was charac- 
terized by inviolable integrity and righteousness and offers both 
lesson and incentive to those who observe its perspective now that 



_-"f'E :^L'A' YORK 
' 'HILARY 



* • '-i-^ -vox AND 





oMyUL U^^ ^JypjzA. 




BIOGRAPHICAL 225 

he has passed to "that undiscovered country from whose bourne 
no traveler returns." In politics Mr. Lewis was aligned as a stal- 
wart supporter of the principles and policies for which the Demo- 
cratic party stands sponsor, and he was affiliated with the lodge of 
Free and Accepted Masons in the village of Hudson, where he also 
held membership in the adjunct organization, the Order of the 
Eastern Star, with which his widow is still identified. He was a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which Mrs. 
■Lewis has been a zealous worker for many years. On May i, i860, 
was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Lewis to Miss Caroline A. 
Drown, daughter of F. Hollis and Lydia (Eaton) Drown, of Me- 
dina township. Her parents were born in the state of New York, 
and became pioneers of Lenawee county. They settled in Medina 
township, where Mr. Drown developed a valuable farm and be- 
came an influential and honored citizen. He w^as captain of a com- 
pany in the Michigan militia and as such was an active participant 
in the Black Hawk Indian war. He was a Democrat in his po- 
litical allegiance, and both he and his wife were attendants of 
the Baptist church, but were not identified with any church organ- 
ization. He died in the city of Adrian, this county, March 4, 1875, 
and his wife passed aw^ay March 15, 1881. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis be- 
came the parents of three sons, Frank J., Fred A. and Fay, all of 
whom are representative farmers of Medina township. Mrs. Lewis 
still resides on the old homestead, which is endeared to her by the 
memories and associations of the past. 

George L. Porter, a practical farmer of Ogden township, w^as 
born in Preston county. West Virginia, Nov. 19, 1859. His par- 
ents were Aden C. and Verlinda E. (Wotring) Porter, the former of 
whom was born in Allegany county, Maryland, Jan. 23, 1835. and 
the latter in Preston county. West Virginia. Jan. 15. 1840. They 
were married on Tuesday, Dec. 7, 1858, Mr. Porter's young wife 
being the daughter of Daniel C. and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Wotring, 
of Preston county, West Virginia. After his marriage Aden C. Por- 
ter erected a dwelling house on a tract of moimtain land in Preston 
county and there their first son, George Levi, was born on Nov. 
19, 1859. Their second son was David H., who was born Sept. 8, 
1861, and died Sept. 25, 1861. Their third son, Alvin U., w^as born 
Sept. 5, 1862. Their fourth son, Franklin D., was born Jan. 9. 
1865, and the fifth son, Walter S., w^as born July 29, 1867. Their 
sixth son. Burton H.. was born Feb. 13, 1870, and their seventh and 
eighth being twins named Samuel Edson and John Hudson, were 
born Feb. 3, 1874. Their ninth child and only daughter, Ida E., 
was born July 22, 1880. Their fourth son, Franklin D.. was a noble 
young man and in the midst of a promising career when he met an 
untimely death through gas poisoning in the Lewis House at 
Battle Creek, Mich., March 21. 1885. He arrived at the hotel late 
on the previous evening, registered and was shown to his r^om. 
About 1 1 o'clock the next day it was noticed that he had not made 
his appearance, but thinking that he had been u]i late and ])rob- 
ably desired rest and sleep, Mr. Hastings, the landlord, did not call 
him. AMien he did not appear after dinner, an investigation was 

I5-2V 



226 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

made and the young man was discovered in an insensible con- 
dition from gas suffocation. Physicians were immediately sum- 
moned and they succeeded in resuscitating him until he talked 
freely. He stated that he blew out the flame of gas and was tired, 
but smelling a bad disagreeable odor, which he supposed came 
into his room through the open transom, he got up and closed it, 
thus leaving him in a closed room to inhale the escaping gas. 
Regardless of all of the assistance that could be rendered him and 
in spite of his vigorous youth and previous robust health, the 
inhaled poison had so permeated his system that within three days 
he passed away. Aden C. Porter, with his large family of sons, 
decided to leave his mountain home in West Virginia and in Sep- 
tember, 1864, with his brother Samuel, he arrived in Ogden town- 
ship, where he purchased a forty-acre tract of wild land and erected 
a frame house on it. Here, with the aid of his sons, he cleared 
up a farm. He and his beloved wife and helpmeet may well feel 
proud of the large family they have reared, for each of the sons 
has a good home and ranks among the representative agriculturists 
of Lenawee county. This branch of the Porter family traces its 
ancestry back to John Porter, who was born in Gloucestershire, 
England, in 1694. He immigrated to America in 171 5, but no 
record of any of his children is at hand, except of his son, John 
Porter, who was born in Allegany county, Maryland, in 1735, and 
died there in 1810. He was the first of this family of Porters in 
that county, and his children were: Michael, born in 1763; Samuel, 
born in 1765, the first Porter to settle on Pine Mountain, Md. ; 
Thomas, born in 1766; Gabriel, born in 1768; Henry, born in 1770; 
Moses, born in 1771 ; John, born in 1773; and Nellie, born in 1775. 
Samuel Porter, mentioned above, the great-grandfather of George 
L. Porter, the subject of this sketch, had three sons, namely: John 
Porter, the grandfather of George L., born in 1790; Michael Porter, 
born in 1792; and William Porter, born in 1794. Aden C. Porter, 
the father of George L. Porter, was the son of John Porter, born 
in 1790, and he was the son of Samuel Porter, born in 1765, and 
he was the son of John Porter, born in 1735, and the only son of 
record of John Porter, of Gloucestershire, England, born in 1694. 
George L. Porter received his educational training in the district 
schools and the Evans Commercial College of Adrian. From the 
time he completed his schooling until he had attained his majority 
he worked with his father on the farm. For two summers there- 
•after he was employed at farm work in Franklin township, and 
then went to Saginaw, Mich., where he spent some time as an 
employee in a lumber office. Soon after his marriage he returned to 
Ogden township and purchased forty acres of land, and in 1902 he 
purchased an adjoining forty-two acres, so that at present (1909) 
his farm consists of eighty-two acres of fine tillable land. Mr. 
Porter has made practically all the improvements on his farm and 
employs modern means and methods in tilling the soil. Through 
his own efforts, assisted in every possible way by his good wife, 
he has established a pleasant home for himself and his family and 
holds the esteem and respect of his neighbors. He devotes con- 
siderable attention to the winter fattening of cattle and the raising 



BIOGRAPHICAL 22/ 

of hogs. In the matter of politics Air. Porter is a stanch adherent 
of the Republican party. As the successful candidate of that party 
he served for two years as supervisor of Ogden township, for 
five years — from 1901 to 1906— as highway commissioner, and in 
1900 was a member of the board of review. On April 17, 1884, Mr. 
Porter was happily married to Miss Anna Bruce, the daughter of 
Robert and Mary (Elliott) Bruce. Four children have been born 
to this union, namely: Edna E., the wife of Elmer A. Beamer, a 
farmer of Ogden township ; Elmer R., at home ; Mabel A., a stu- 
dent in the Blissfield High School ; and Lena M., attending the dis- 
trict school. 

Walter S. Porter is one of the substantial farmers and popular 
citizens of his native county, and his finely improved homestead is 
located in Ogden township, on rural mail route No. 4, from Bliss- 
field, which is his postoffice address. He is an able representative 
of the agricultural industry in this section of the state and is well 
entitled to consideration in this publication. Mr. Porter was born 
in Ogden township, this county, July 29, 1867, and is a son of 
Aden C. and Verlinda E. (Wotring) Porter, the former born in 
Maryland, in 1835, ^^'-^ the latter is a native of the state of West 
Virginia, where she was born in the year 1840 (extended mention 
of their forbears will be found in the sketch of George L. Porter). 
The father followed agricultural pursuits in West Virginia until 
1864. when he came to Michigan and took up his residence in 
Ogden township, Lenawee county, landing in that township on 
Sept. 4, 1864. Here he purchased a tract of land, the larger por- 
tion of which was heavily timbered at the time, so that he was 
compelled to clear and drain much of the land before it was made 
available for eftective cultivation. He finally sold this property 
and bought other land, and while activel}- engaged in farming he 
made several changes of location in Ogden township, selling one 
farm and buving another. He labored indefatigablv during the 
earlier years and by good management and energy finally estab- 
lished himself in independent circumstances. He is now living 
retired in the village of Blissfield, where he and his wife have an 
attractive home and are held in unqualified esteem by all who know 
them. He identified himself with the Republican party at the time 
of its organization, but, in harmony with his earnest convictions, 
he has for a number of years past given his unequivocal support to 
the cause of the Prohibition party. Both he and his wife hold 
membership in the United Brethren church. Concerning their 
nine children, the following brief record is given: George L. 
(see page 225) ; David H. died in infancy; Alvin U. is a success- 
ful farmer in Odgen township; Frank D. died from gas poisoning; 
W'alter S., of this sketch, was the next in order of birth ; Burton 
H. is engaged in farming in Ogden township ; Edson and Hud- 
son, twins, reside in the village of Blissfield ; and Ida is the wife 
of William Meade, of Blissfield. Walter S. Porter was reared 
to manhood under the sturdy discipline of the home farm and was 
dulv afforded the advantages of the district schools of his native 
township, which has been his home from the time of his birth to 



228 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the present time. At the age of twenty years he initiated his inde- 
pendent career, and he has been continuously identified with agri- 
cultural pursuits during the intervening years. In August, 1898, 
he effected the purchase of his present farm, which comprises 
eighty acres, and he has made many improvements on the place, 
which is now one of the model farmsteads of Ogden township. By 
scientific drainage he has reclaimed much fertile land, and every- 
thing about his farm bears evidence of thrift and prosperity. Air. 
Porter gives his attention to diversified agriculture and horticul- 
ture and makes a specialty of feeding cattle for the market, prin- 
cipally during the winter months. He has an attractive home and 
the same is a center of gracious hospitality. In his political 
proclivities Mr. Porter is a Republican, and though he takes a 
loyal interest in all that concerns the welfare and general progress 
of his home township and county, he has had no desire for pub- 
lic office. His services, however, have been in requisition for the 
past few years in the position of school director, of which office he 
is now the incumbent. He and his wife are active and valued mem- 
bers of the United Brethren church at Victorsville. On July 19, 
1891, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Porter to Miss Carrie 
S. Wilt, daughter of Luther and Sarah (Harsh) Wilt, who came 
from West Virginia more than forty years ago and settled in 
Ogden township, where Mr. Wilt was identified with farming until 
his death, which occurred on June 5, 1903. His widow now main- 
tains her home in the village of Blissfield. Mr. and Mrs. Porter 
have two children — Leta M., who is a member of the class of 1912 
in the Blissfield High School ; and Clara A., who is attending the 
district school near the parental home. 

Thomas Elwood Randall, a prominent dealer in staple and 
fancy groceries and fresh, salt and smoked meats at 59 Broad 
street, w^as born at Lenawee Junction. March 5, 1882. He is the 
son of George C. and Alice C. (Pratt) Randall, the former of whom 
was born in Palmyra township and the latter in Adrian township, 
and their marriage occurred in Blissfield. The father died on May 
5. 1908. at Palmyra and the mother came to live in Adrian in 
October of the same 3'ear, now making her home at 27 Chestnut 
street. There were two sons in the family — C. E. Randall, of 
Palmyra, and Thomas E. Randall, of this sketch. The latter 
received his educational advantages at Lenawee Junction and the 
Raisin A'^alley Seminary. Up to February. 1908. he was engaged 
in agricultural pursuits and the next month removed to Adrian, 
where he secured employment for a few weeks with the Maple 
City Granite Works. He then purchased the grocery and meat 
business of C. H. AVillbee at 59 Broad street and has since been 
occupied in that industry. Although he has been engaged in busi- 
ness but a comparatively short time he has attained a reputation 
and a popularity that promises well for the future. In the matter 
of politics Mr. Randall is a Republican, and for two years he served 
as school inspector of Lenawee Junction. Fraternally he is identi- 
fied with the Woodmen of the World and the Grange at Palmyra. 
On May 15. 1907, Mr. Randall was united in marriage to Miss Eva 



BIOGRAPHICAL 229 

D. Doan, a daughter of O. L. Doan, of Adrian. Mrs. Randall was 
born at Fife Lake, Mich., and received her education in the Toledo 
High School and Adrian College. They have no children. 

Harva T. Roach, who is living retired in the outskirts of 
Adrian, was born in Royalton township, Lucas county, Ohio, Nov. 
30, 1840, the son of William and Mary (Rhodes) Roach. Both 
parents were born in the Empire state, the father in Orange county 
and the mother in Ithaca. The father was a farmer, and after his 
marriage in Ithaca came west to Ohio and lived in Lucas county 
for a period of five years. When he had disposed of his eighty 
acres of land there, he removed to Dundee, Mich., near which vil- 
lage he owned 700 acres of land. There he died in August, 1876, 
and the mother passed away in February, 1890, the remains of both 
being interred at Dundee. Three children were born to the par- 
ents— Harva T., of this sketch; Mrs. Matilda Slayton, of Dundee; 
and Harley P., now deceased. After Harva T. Roach had finished 
his scholastic training in the schools of Dundee he began life as 
a farmer and has since followed no other calling. For sixty years 
he was a resident of Monroe county, either in Dundee or on his 
farms. In 1875 he sold his original farm and removed to the vil- 
lage of Dundee, where he had built a home for himself, meantime 
managing also a farm of 220 acres in Dundee township, part of 
the homestead farm which he had purchased of his father. In 1905 
he disposed of his holdings and removed to Madison Center, where 
he lived about nine months. Thence he removed to Rollin and pur- 
chased eighty-eight and one-half acres of land. On May 13, 1908. 
he became a resident of Adrian, where he had purchased three acres 
of land. Besides his property in this state, Mr. Roach OAvns twenty- 
three valuable lots on Washington and Michigan streets in the city 
of Toledo, Ohio. During the war he served as a private in Com- 
pany K, Third Michigan cavalry, in Company E, Seventh Tennes- 
see infantry, and part of his term of service, which continued from 
1861 to 1864, he was a member of the secret service force. In the 
matter of politics he is unallied, preferring to use judgment in the 
exercise of his right of franchise rather than be' guided by the dic- 
tation of party leaders. Fraternally and socially he is identified 
with the William Bell Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the Republic, 
of Dundee ; the Grange at Azalia. and the Farmers' Club, of Dun- 
dee. On July 7, 1858, was celebrated Mr. Roach's marriage to Miss 
Sarah A. Shellman, of Martin. Allegan county, Mich., daughter 
of Nicholas and Louise Shellman. who were pioneers of Allegan 
county. To this union were born two daughters — Martha A. was 
married on Aug. 30. 1884, in Arkansas, to David S. Archer, now 
a piano dealer in Dundee ; and Mary Catherine, who died at the age 
of nine years. Mrs. Roach died on Feb. 14, 1902. and on Aug. 18, 
1906. Mr. Roach married ]\Irs. Matilda La Tour, of Petersburg. 
Monroe county. On the occasion of his daughter's marriage Mr. 
Roach made her a wedding gift of the home in Dundee, which had 
cost $7,500 to construct, and which together with the lot on which 
it stands is now worth $10,000. Mv. Roach's hoJne in Adrian is at 
No. 1 1 North Scott street. 



230 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Albert U. Reattoire, whose well improved farm property is 
located on rural mail route No. 2, from Tecumseh, has gained a 
position of independence through his own well directed efforts, and 
has relied upon his own resources from his boyhood days. Since 
taking up his residence in Lenawee county his success has been 
cumulative and his prosperity is well merited. As the name indi- 
cates, he is of French lineage on the paternal side. He was born 
in the province of Quebec, Canada, Dec. 29, 1854, a son of James 
and Elizabeth (Sickles) Reattoire, the former a native of Quebec 
and the latter of England. The mother died in Canada in 1855 
and in 1861 the father located in Toledo, Ohio, whence he later 
removed to the state of Tennessee, where he died in 1869. He was 
a carpenter by trade and was in the employ of the United States 
government during the progress of the Civil war. His father was 
a man of wealth and influence in Quebec, where he was for many 
years a leading physician and surgeon. James and Elizabeth 
(Sickles) Reattoire became the parents of seven children, all of 
whom are living. Albert U. Reattoire secured his rudimentary 
education in the public schools of Canada and was a lad of but 
fifteen years when the death of his father left him doubly orphaned. 
He forthwith took up the stern battle of life on his own responsi- 
bility, and from Tennessee, whither he had gone with his father, 
he went to Virginia, where he continued to reside about twenty 
years, during the greater portion of which he was identified with 
agricultural pursuits. In 1890 he came to Lenawee county and took 
up his residence in Tecumseh. For the four ensuing years he was 
employed by the month, principally at farm work, and thereafter 
he did independent farming on shares and by rental of land for 
about three years, at the expiration of which he purchased the old 
Morley homestead of sixty acres, to which he has since added 
twelve and one-half acres of the old Fisher farm. He has labored 
indefatigably and it is due to his energy and good management 
that he has placed himself among the successful and independent 
members of the agricultural community of Lenawee county. He 
has made a specialty of raising celery and onions, for which prod- 
ucts he has found a ready demand, as he has brought out the high- 
est grades and, therefore, secured an appreciative patronage. In 
politics he maintains an independent attitude and in a fraternal way 
he is identified with Tecumseh Grange. On Nov. 24, 1874, Mr. 
Reattoire married Miss Mary T. Delbridge, who was born on Oct. 
30, 1853, in Brunswick county, Virginia, and was reared in that 
state. She is a daughter of Thomas D. and Lucy P. (Waldron) 
Delbridge, both of whom were reared and died in Virginia. No 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Reattoire. 

Paul E. Richter, a young druggist of Adrian wdiose place of 
business is at 40 Tecumseh street, was born in Saginaw, Mich., 
March 14, 1884, the son of F. A. and Kathryne (Miller) Richter, 
both of whom were born in Germany. They came to the United 
States with their respective parents about the time of the outbreak 
o.f the Civil war, the father being fourteen years of age at the time 
and the mother eight. The mother died in Saginaw in 1890, leav- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 23 1 

ing three daughters and five sons, all of whom are living but F. A. 
Richter. Jr., who died in the spring of 1908. The survivors are 
Dr. E. P. W. Richter, a physician and county coroner, living at 
Saginaw; Mrs. H. E. Heyn, of Sturgis, Mich., whose husband is a 
minister of the Gospel; Albert C).. of Saginaw; Rev. Henry C. 
Richter, of Sturgis, Mich. ; Paul E., of this sketch ; Mrs. Walter 
Neidermeyer. of Newport, Mich., and Clara. The father was mar- 
ried after the death of his first wife to Miss Tillie Neidermeyer, a 
native of Monroe county, who was a teacher in the schools of 
Saginaw at the time of her marriage, and by this union is the 
father of one son, Carl. The father is now engaged in the lumber 
business at Marion, Mich. Paul E. Richter, to whom this review is 
dedicated, received his preliminary educational training in the 
schools of Saginaw, finishing the prescribed course of the eleventh 
grade. He then became a clerk in a drug store, devoting his spare 
moments to the study of the profession, and in 1900 successfully 
took the examination submitted by the state board of pharmacy, 
becoming then a registered pharmacist. Mr. Richter is also a 
graduate of the course in chemistry given by the International 
Correspondence Schools of Scranton, Pa. In July, 1908, he removed 
to Adrian and purchased the business which he is now conducting, 
and although he has been here but a short time he has won a host 
of friends and developed a trade that augurs well for the future. 
In the matter of politics Mr. Richter espouses the cause of the 
Republican party, but has never sought office. In religious mat- 
ters he is identified as a member of St. Stephen's Church. On June 
23, 1903, Mr. Richter was united in marriage to Miss Rose Hesse, 
who was born and educated in Bufifalo, N. Y., and is the daughter 
of John Hesse, of Saginaw. They have two children, Mildred and 
Dorothea. 

Andrew Roesch, one of the prominent citizens of Adrian, was 
born in that city on Sept. 4, 1859, the son of George H. and Chris- 
tine (Miller) Roesch. Both parents were born in Germany, but 
were married in Adrian. The father was a coat-maker in the Fa- 
therland and after coming here earned his livelihood in the tailoring 
business, working for one firm, Herman & May, as foreman of 
their shop for twenty-five years. When the company failed he 
purchased a farm of forty acres in Monroe county, twelve miles 
northeast of Alonroe. where he passed the remainder of his life, 
his death occurring in March, 1882. Aitev her husband's death 
the mother returned to Adrian, where she died on Jan. 8, 1894. 
The mother came from Germany when but eight years of age. mak- 
ing the journey with her parents in a sailing vessel which took 
eight weeks in the passage. Four children were born to the par- 
ents — Carrie, the wife of Sebastine Saile, a farmer owning forty 
acres of land in Palmyra township ; Andrew, of this sketch ; George, 
of Adrian ; and John, who died at the age of eighteen vcars. Andrew 
Roesch received his educational advantages in the ])ublic and Ger- 
man schools of Adrian, and when he had completed his scholastic 
work he entered the emplo3^e of Herman & May as a clerk. He 
remained with that firm as a clerk until the cnmpnnv failed, and 



22^2 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

was then engaged in a similar capacity by other houses for dif- 
ferent periods. For thirteen years he was employed by the Webb 
& Smith Clotliing Company, and for four years was in the same . 
business for Dan Benedict. At the end of that period he formed a 
partnership in the clothing business with Daniel Mulligan, under 
the firm name of Mulligan & Roesch. This venture did not prove 
successful and after four years the firm failed. In his political 
relations, Mr. Roesch is a Democrat, and as such is now serving 
his thirteenth year as supervisor from the Sixth ward of Adrian. 
Fraternally he is identified with the Knights of the Modern Macca- 
bees, and the German Workingmen's Society. Although he was 
reared in the German Lutheran faith he now attends the Presby- 
terian church, of which his wife and children are members. On 
Oct. ty, 1882, Mr. Roesch was united in marriage to Miss Carrie 
Hieber, daughter of John and Pauline Hieber. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Hieber were born in Germany, but were married in Newark, N. J., 
coming thence to Tecumseh, where their daughter was born and 
educated. Mr. Hieber is now deceased and his widow resides in 
Adrian. To Mr. and Mrs. Roesch have been born four children — 
Elsie, now the wife of Asa Hill, of xA.drian ; Edith, now Mrs. 
Charles Hoag, of Albany, Ore. ; A'label and Walter at home. The 
Roesch home is at No. 79 East Front street. 

Herbert D. Roff, an enterprising farmer of Raisin township, 
was born at Clayton, Lenawee county, Michigan, Sept. 10, 1875, a 
son of Philip and Martha M. (Sample) Rofif, the former born at 
Royalton, N. Y., April 16, 1838. and the latter at Fairfield, Huron 
county, Ohio, Oct. 16, 1841. Martha M. (Sample) Roff is the 
daughter of David and Susan (Henderson) Sample. Her father, 
born near Newark, Ohio, was the son of Samuel and Nancy (Carr) 
Sample, both natives of County Tyrone, Ireland, of Scotch-Irish 
descent. They came to America in 1792. Her mother, Susan 
(Henderson) Sample, was the daughter of James and Electa 
(Mclntyre) Henderson, both natives of New York state, where 
they were reared and married. Subsequently they removed to 
Huron county, Ohio, where they passed the remainder of their 
lives. Philip Rofif came to Union City, Branch county, Michigan, 
in 185 1, his wife's parents having traded their Ohio farm for one 
near Hudson, Lenawee county, in 1849. On Aug. 24, 1858, Philip 
Rofif and Martha M. Sample were married in x\drian, and in 1897 
they removed to a farm in Raisin township. Three years later they 
purchased the homestead farm of sixty acres in the same township, 
where Philip Rofif died on March 13, 1901, leaving besides his 
widow four children, viz. : Viola D., now the wife of Alpha Fox, 
of Dover township ; Efipie, now the wife of David Vorhees, a farmer 
of Adrian township; Herbert D., the subject of this sketch; and 
Chester I., who resides on the old homestead. Herbert D. Rofif has 
entire charge of the old home place, where he resides with his 
mother, and is generally recognized as one of the most successful 
and progressive farmers of that section of Lenawee countv. 
Recently he has been devoting a considerable portion of his time 
to the breeding of Duroc and Poland China hogs, experimenting 



BIOGRAPHICAL 233 

with the crossing of those two breeds. He has a Poland China 
brood sow from which he has raised and sold over loo head of 
hogs within the last seven years, receiving for them more than 
$1,600. In his political views Mr. Rofif is thoroughly independent, 
giving his support to men and measures that he thinks will l)est 
subserve the interests of the community or the nation. He is a 
member of Birdsall Grange, No. 793, of Raisin township, and is 
keenly alive to all matters affecting the agricultural interests of the 
country.. Through his genial disposition he has made a host of 
friends who predict for him a brilliant future in any line of work 
he may undertake. 

Henry Rohrbach, retired, one of the prominent residents and 
substantial citizens of Blissfield. was born in Germany, Feb. 21, 
1859, the son of Jacob and Martha (Keahle) Rohrbach, natives of 
Germany. His father spent three years in the Fatherland learning 
the stone-mason's trad^. at which he worked there for a number of 
years. Like so many of the ambitious young Germans, he desired 
to widen the field of his activities and determined to come to 
America where there was better opportunity, and sailed for the new 
world with his family in 1869. After landing in the United States 
they came to Michigan, where Jacob Rohrbach bought forty acres 
of land in Ogden township. Lenawee county. When the family 
were settled in their new home he began work at his trade and 
continued to follow his trade and to farm imtil the time of his 
death in May, 1880. His widow survived him until October, 1907. 
Eight children were in the family. John is a farmer in Ogden 
township ; Conrad died in Germany at the age of twelve years ; 
Justis is a farmer of Ogden township ; Daniel is a farmer of Riga 
township; \'alentine is a farmer of Ogden township; Martha, now 
Mrs. Klump, lives on the old homestead in Ogden township ; Mary 
is now Mrs. Peter Ififland and her husband is a farmer in Ogden 
township; and Henry is the subject of this sketch. The last named 
was given the benefit of the excellent educational training afiforded 
by the public schools of his native land before he came to America 
with his parents. For a short time he worked on his father's farm 
and then found employment with the farmers near his home until 
he was twenty-two years of age. Reing of an ambitious nature 
he purchased forty acres of woodland in Ogden township, Lenawee 
county, part of which he himself improved. He was able to dis- 
pose of his property to advantage within a short time and with that 
money purchased forty acres in Riga township, where he lived for 
three years. Subsequently he sold out in Riga township and 
returned to Ogden, where he again l)ecame the owner of a finely 
improved eighty acre farm. There he lived for twelve years before 
removing to Blissfield, where he built a beautiful home, but he 
returned to the coimtry again after four years to engage in farm- 
ing in Palmyra township. At the end of two years he returned to 
Blissfield, purchased a fine brick residence property and has since 
made that his residence. During his active career ]\Ir. Rohrbach 
secured a sufficient competency to enable him to retire from active 
life and enjoy a well earned respite during his last years. In poii- 



234 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

tics he is affiliated with the Republican party, and fraternally is 
popular in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On April 15, 
1880. in the township of Riga, Air. Rohrbach was united in mar- 
riag-e to Miss Maggie Iffland, the daughter of Justis and Anna 
(Lohr) Iffland, of whom more particular mention is made in the 
sketch of their son, John C. Iffland. Airs. Rohrbach was born in 
Oberlin, Ohio, Feb. 16, 1857, but received her education in Riga 
township. One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Rohrbach — 
George, born in Riga township, Feb. 5, 1888, and lives in Blissfield. 
The family are members of the Evangelical church. 

William Rothfuss, a prominent and highh- esteemed merchant 
of Blissfield, one of that thrifty class of German-Americans who 
have enacted a stellar role in the development of the great com- 
monwealth of Michigan, was born in Erie township, Monroe coun- 
ty, Michigan, March 18, 1858, the son of John and Elizabeth Roth- 
fuss, born in Germany in 1824 and 1830 respectively. His father, 
a weaver in the "Vaterland," having early resolved to take advan- 
tage of the splendid and numerous opportunities offered to young 
men of industry and thrift in this "'land of the free," set sail for 
America in 1852, being one of that great stream of hardy and cour- 
ageous Teuton immigrants who crossed the Atlantic about the 
middle of the nineteenth century. Upon setting foot upon the 
shores of the New World he came direct to Alichigan, locating 
in Alonroe county, where he resided for seven years. In 1854 his 
first wife died, leaving three children, and the following year he 
married her sister. In 1859 Mr. Rothfuss came to Riga township, 
Lenawee county, settling on a farm two and one-half miles from 
the village of Blissfield. The father passed away in 1905, leaving 
the record of a useful and well spent life as an incentive for his 
children and grandchildren to emulate. To his two marriages were 
born ten children, viz. : John F., a hardware merchant, residing 
in Blissfield; Mrs. Sophia (Rothfuss) Renklau, a resident of 
Toledo, Ohio; Rosina, now Mrs. Knapp, lives in the township of 
Ogden ; Mrs. Lona (Rothfuss) Aliller resides in Blissfield town- 
ship; Mrs. Mary (Rothfuss) Koebbe, passed away in 1906; 
Charles H. and (jeorge M., twins, the former of whom resides at 
A\'ampler's Lake and the latter lives in Blissfield ; Airs. Clara 
(Rothfuss) Hagerman lives in Adrian township; and Frank lives 
on the old homestead in Riga township. William, the subject of 
this review, received his early scholastic training in the public 
schools of Ogden, subsequenth^ attended school in Blissfield, and 
after completing his studies he was employed on a neighboring 
farm for a year. He then entered the employ of Air. Williams, a 
grocer, working for him for a period of two years at $25 per month. 
Here he readily and thoroughly mastered the principles of the 
grocery business, but as he was too ambitious to remain a paid 
employee for any considerable length of time he purchased, in 
1881, a half interest, that of Air. Wise, in the firm of Wise & Col- 
lins, dealers in drugs and groceries, and the firm soon became 
widely and favorably known as Collins & Rothfuss. They suc- 
cessfull}^ conducted the two branches of the enterprise until 1884, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 235 

when they bought out Smith & Pratt, a grocery and drug firm next 
door to them, and combined the two places of business, moving the 
drugs into one store and the groceries into the other. About 1889 
Mr. Rothfuss disposed of his interest in the drug department to 
H. M. Collins and subsequently disposed of his grocery interests. 
Twenty-five years ago he became interested in the farm implement 
business and now assiduously devotes his entire attention to that 
field of endeavor. He now occupies a large and commodious double 
store building, and nine years ago he put in a fine stock of pianos, 
organs and sewing machines in one department, while the other 
half is devoted to farm machinery, wagons and automobiles. In 
this, as in his other business ventures, he has met with imusual suc- 
cess. In addition to his other business enterprises Mr. Rothfuss is 
vice-president of the Blissfield State Bank, the leading financial 
institution of his beloved city. Politically he is affiliated with the 
Republican party, being a stanch and enthusiastic adherent of the 
principles and measures espoused by Lincoln, Garfield and ]McKin- 
ley. In May, 1878, he was united in marriage to Miss Permelia A. 
Miller, daughter of Benjamin and Saloma Anna (Ruppert) Miller, 
both natives of Pennsylvania. Mr. Miller passed away in Three 
Rivers, Mich., some years ago and Mrs. Miller now resides in Bliss- 
field. Mrs. Rothfuss was born at AVauseon, Ohio, Nov. 23, 1859, 
and received her educational training in the schools of Blissfield. 
Three worthy children blessed this happy imion— Lawrence H., 
the popular cashier of the Blissfield State Bank ; Carl \A'. graduated 
in 1909 at Kirksville, Mo., in osteopathy, having previously com- 
pleted a course in Huntington College; and Stanley resides under 
the parental roof and renders his father able assistance in his busi- 
ness enterprises; Lawrence H. is the husband of Bessie (Furman) 
Rothfuss, formerly a successful teacher in the Blissfield schools, 
by whom he has one child — Richard Russell, born Feb. 7, 1908. 
The subject of this sketch resides in the most handsome residence 
in Blissfield and he owns two beautiful summer homes — one at 
Lakeside, Ohio, the other at Wampler's Lake. The family is 
affiliated with the United Brethren church of Blissfield. and Mr. 
Rothfuss is an active and devout Christian worker, being intensely 
interested in every movement which looks to the intellectual, moral 
or spiritual advancement of the people of his community. He has 
met with a well earned success in his various fields of endeavor and 
owes his present financial and social status to his own unaided 
efiforts. Starting forth in the great "battle of life" without a dollar 
to his credit, he has through his assiduous and pertinacious enter- 
prise, great energy and thrift, his close attention to the numerous 
minor details with which his business ventures have been com- 
plicated, fought his \vay to the front, and today he is universally- 
recognized as one of Blissfield's most conservative, thorough and 
substantial men of affairs. Certainly he can approach the evening 
of life with the comforting realization that he has seized upon the 
opportunities which nature and man have thrust in his pathway to 
the best of his ability, and it would seem that his motto has ever 
been — "as ye sow so shall ye reap." AAMien the Divine One des- 



236 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

tines that he cast aside life's earthly mantle he will leave behind 
him the record of a well lived earthly career, which will be a 
precious heritage to the members of his family, both of this and 
future generations. 

White W. Sammis, a well known veterinary surgeon of Bliss- 
field, was born in Huron county, Ohio, July 5, 1873. He is the 
son of Anson and Charlotte M. (Burr) Sammis, both of whom 
were natives of Long Island, and were pioneer settlers of Huron 
county, where the father engaged in farming. The mother died on 
July 13, 1873, and was survived by her husband, who still lives in 
Huron county, and three children — Flora, now Mrs. Burkett, lives 
at Portland, Ind. ; Mrs. Martha Hillicker, a resident of Kansas City, 
Kan. ; and White W., the subject of this sketch. The latter received 
his scholastic training in the public schools of Ohio, graduating in 
1891. He worked on a farm some time and assisted Dr. Norton, 
a veterinary surgeon, at his office in Bellevue, Ohio. Mr. Sammis 
became interested in this line of work and determined to take up 
the study of the science. With this end in view he entered the 
Veterinary College of Grand Rapids, Mich., in 1889, and graduated 
from that excellent institution in 1902. The Doctor began to prac- 
tice at Big Rapids, but was there only ten months when he returned 
to the Veterinary College at Grand Rapids to become an instruc- 
tor, a position he held for one year. Upon severing his connection 
with the institution Dr. Sammis went to Belding, Mich., where 
he was engaged in the active practice of his profession for a period 
of two years. In May, 1904, he came to Blissfield, Lenawee 
county, and since that time he has built up a large and lucrative 
practice. On June 23, 1904, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. 
Sammis and Miss Lula E. Carpenter, the daughter of Alvin B. and 
Helen R. (Fish) Carpenter, old and honored residents of Grand 
Rapids, Mich. Mrs. Sammis was born in Carlton Center, Mich., 
and received her educational training in Grand Rapids, Mich. Dr. 
Sammis is a stanch supporter of the Democratic party. Fraternally 
he is associated with the Modern Woodmen of America. His home 
and office are located on Adrian street, Blissfield. 

Holloway Sawyer, a thrifty and enterprising agriculturist of 
Palmyra township, was born in that township on June 28, 1871. He 
is the son of David Sawyer, and his family relationship is men- 
tioned more particularly in the sketch of his brother, George Saw- 
yer, elsewhere in this volume. Mr-. Sawyer's educational advantages 
were limited to the district schools of his native township. Until 
he was twenty years of age he remained at home with his parents, 
and during the winter following was engaged in teaching school. 
In the spring of 1892 he entered the employ of the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railway Company as a brakeman on a pas- 
senger train, and was thus occupied until November, 1893. Then 
for a year he worked on the farm with his brother George, and 
then having disposed of his home in the village he purchased 
twenty acres of land where he now resides. Subsequently, in 1899, 
he added more than forty acres to the property, until today he has 
altogether sixty-three acres of land, constituting one of the most 



BIOGRAPHICAL 237 

highly productive farms in the township. At the present time he 
has a fine, modern residence in the course of construction. As 
soon as he is able to satisfactorily arrange his sheds and outbuild- 
ings, Mr. Sawyer expects to engage in the business of raising 
swine. i\ll he has today is the direct result of his own effort, with 
no assistance save the inspiration and co-operation of his good wife. 
Fraternally he is allied with Palmyra Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons. In the matter of politics he is a stanch supporter of the 
men and measures of the Republican party, and one of the prom- 
inent figures in the local organization of that party. As its suc- 
cessful candidate he served two years as township treasurer and 
five years as township clerk, which position he now holds. Mr. 
Sawyer was happily married on March 20, 1895, to Miss Alary 
Boulton, and by this union has one son, Howard Holly, born Oct. 
21, 1902. 

Frank S. Saxton, a substantial citizen of Blissfield, and the pro- 
prietor of the leading' livery business there, was born on a farm in 
Whiteford township, Monroe county, Michigan, Dec. 13, 1874, the 
son of John S. and Rachel (Howenstine) Saxton. The mother 
was born in Wa3me county, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1850, and the father at 
La Grange, Lorain county, Ohio, March 8, 1840. The latter served 
in the Civil war as a private in Company L Second Ohio cavalry, 
and is now a farmer in Deerfield township. Five children were 
born to the parents. Albert H., the eldest, lives in Monroe county ; 
Bessie makes her home with her parents and teaches school ; James 
B. is a student in the course in forestry at the University of Mich- 
igan, and Clara (Saxton) Bachmeyer lives in Trilby, Ohio. An an- 
cestor of Mr. Saxton, Elias Saxton by name, drove a coach for Jo- 
seph Bonaparte, a brother of Emperor Napoleon, and when he re- 
tired was presented with eighty acres of land as a reward for his 
services. Frank S. Saxton. the subject of this sketch, received his 
earliest educational advantages in the common schools of Deer- 
field township, and in a four-years' course of study at Blissfield. 
Subsequentl}' he was a student at the Tri-State Business College 
for two years. AMien he had completed his scholastic training he 
worked for a term on the canvassing board and then for five years 
was engaged in assisting his father in the conduct of the home farm. 
In 1905 he removed to Blissfield and embarked in the livery busi- 
ness, a venture which proved successful from the start. Besides 
this he is associated with his brother, Albert H. Saxton, in the ice 
business under the firm name of the Saxton Bros. Ice Company. 
Mr. Saxton also devotes considerable attention to the real estate 
business and has met with such marked success that he is at present 
arranging his business so as to give the handling of realty his en- 
tire time and attention. In politics Mr. Saxton is a Republican, 
and in religious matters he attends the Presbyterian church. Fra- 
ternally he is identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. On June 28, 1899. Mr. Saxton was united in marriage to 
Miss Bertha Palmer, born in Blissfield on Dec. 31. 1875. a daughter 
of George and Frances (Johnson) Palmer, the former of whom was 
born in New York state on Jan. 16. 1850. and the latter in the same 



238 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

state on June 24, 1848. Mrs. Saxton received her education in the 
schools of Blissfield and for six years prior to her marriage was a 
teacher in those schools. Three children have been the issue of the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Saxton, namely : Ruth H., born June 14, 
1900; Palmer G., born Dec. 24, 1902, and Wendell, born Oct. 11, 
1904. 

John B. Sherman. — From his boyhood days Mr. Sherman has 
been a resident of Lenawee county, where he has won success and 
prestige as a progressive and reliable business man and public- 
spirited citizen, being now a member of the village council of Te- 
cumseh, and an extensive buyer and shipper of live stock. Mr. 
Sherman was born in Ovid, Seneca county, New York, May 6, 1862, 
a son of John W. and Rebecca (Boyce) Sherman, both natives of 
New York state and both members of families founded in America 
in the Colonial days, the former born June 4, 1826, and died Sept. 
22, 1905, and the latter was born April 18, 1837, and died March 
8, 1905. Jesse Sherman, the paternal grandfather, was born July 
14, 1795, and his wife, Eunice Williams, was born Oct. 31, 1793. 
The grandfather was a successfid farmer in that beautiful lake dis- 
trict of the old Empire state, where he continued to reside until his 
death, which occurred on Oct. 14, 1859. His widow passed the 
closing years of her life in Lenawee county, dying Sept. 10. i88r. 
Jesse Sherman, the grandfather of John B., was the son of William 
N. Sherman, a New York pioneer, who died on Oct. 28, 182 1. The 
maternal grandparents of the subject of this review were Fulger S. 
and Rebecca (Brooks) Boyce, both of whom were likewise natives 
of Seneca county, New York, where they passed their entire lives. 
Mr. Boyce was a mason by trade. Of their six children, three are 
living — James, George L. and Darwin C. James Boyce was born 
in Seneca county, New York, April 29, 1831, and was there reared 
to manhood. He was a soldier in the Civil war, having enlisted in 
1864 as a member of Company D, Fiftieth New York engineers, 
and served until the close of the war. In 1867 he came to Lenawee 
county, Michigan, where he has since been identified with agricul- 
tural pursuits, being one of the representative farmers of the county. 
He married Miss Isabel Cobert, and of their four children two are 
living — Morgan C. and George A. John B. Sherman, the immediate 
subject of this review, was six years of age at the time of the family 
removal from New York state to Lenawee county. Lie was reared 
to maturity on the homestead farm, in Macon township, where his 
parents settled in the year 1868. His father became one of the 
prominent farmers of this township, where he developed a good 
property, and both the father and mother maintained their home 
in this county until their death. Both passed to the life eternal in 
the year 1905, honored by all who knew them. They were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, and John W. Sherman 
was known as a stalwart supporter of the cause of the Republican 
party, though he never held public office except that of constable. 
Of the ten children, three sons and four daughters are living. The 
children of John W. and Rebecca (Boyce) Sherman, with date of 
birth and the deaths of those who have passed away, follow: Isa- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 239 

belle, born July 5, 1856, died Aug". 22, 1886; Bloomfield. born 
June 8, 1858; ^lary E., born ]\Iay 18, i860; John B. born 
May 6, 1862; Monroe S.. born Feb. 26. 1864, died Aug. 14, 
1865; Scott B., born May 20, 1866; Anna Kate, born June 21, 1869; 
Addie J., born April 12, 1873; Lester O., born July 31, 1875, died 
June 19, 1901, and Martha E.. born Oct. i, 1878. Of the above chil- 
dren the first six were born in the state of Xew York, and the last 
four in Michigan. John B. Sherman duly availed himself of the ad- 
vantages of the district schools of Macon township until he was 
thirteen years of age, when he began the battle of life as a farm 
worker. His experiences were varied and duly strenuous, and he 
eventually became an independent farmer, operating a well im- 
proved farm in Macon township, and owns a well improved farm in 
Tecumseh township. At the same time he gave inception to his 
business of shipping live stock and the selling of beef at wholesale, 
so that he found ample demands upon his time and attention. He 
retired from agricultural pursuits in 1895 and has since devoted 
himself to the buying and shipping of live stock. He is an authority 
in values of stock and his discrimination, energy and insistent en- 
terprise have enabled him to gain a high degree of success in his 
chosen field of endeavor. He is a Republican in his political pro- 
clivities, and as a citizen is essentially progressive, loyal and pub- 
lic-spirited. He is now serving his second year as a member of the 
village council of Tecumseh. His wife holds membership in the 
Methodist Episcopal church and takes an active interest in the vari- 
ous departments of its work. On June 29, 1889, Mr. Sherman was 
united in marriage to Miss Lydia Gertrude Cummings, who was 
born and reared in the village of Tecumseh, a daughter of Ralph 
Spencer and Lydia Ann (Liscomb) Cummings. the former of 
whom was born Nov. 25, 1834, in ^^^^itestown, Oneida county. New 
York, and the latter Sept. 20, 1840, in Hudson, Mich. Lie came to 
Adrian at the age of seventeen, married March 6. 1861. and has 
since continued his residence in Tecumseh. He and his good wife 
became the parents of seven children, as follows, all of whom are 
married and live in or near Tecumseh : Irene L., Francis M.. Mary 
E., Gertrude L.. Myrtie B.. Ralph S.. and ^^"illiam LT. Air. and 
Mrs. Sherman have two children, Clarence Bell, born Oct. 2. 1889, 
who married Miss Mamie Smith, of Ridgeway. and resides in Te- 
cumseh, and Leroy John, born Feb. 21. 1891. who was educated in 
Tecumseh. and at the age of fifteen engaged in the butchering and 
retail meat business in his native village. 

Louis John Schultz, an enterprising young farmer of Palmyra 
township, was born on a farm in Riga township, on Nov. 8. 1874. 
the son of Frederick and Caroline (Spleatstasser) Schultz. Both 
parents were born in Germany, the father on Dec. 25. 1827. and the 
mother in Alarch. 1834. The father came to this country as a young 
man and his first employment was as a farm hand in New York, 
whence he came to Lenawee county and settled in Riga township. 
Then he removed to Toledo, secured work with the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railway Company, and assisted in fencing the 
road through Lenawee county. His labors with that corporation 



240 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

brought him into Riga township, where he made his headquarters 
during that time. Having saved a sufficient amount from his earn- 
ings, he determined to settle there and accordingly purchased ten 
acres of land. He gradually acquired more land until he had a 
well improved and equipped farm of eighty acres, and being able 
to realize a good profit by the sale of it he removed to Palmyra 
township and purchased another farm. Nine years later he ex- 
changed that property for the farm which his son, Louis, is now 
operating and resided there until his death on Feb. 13, 1901. His 
widow now makes her home with Louis J., her youngest son. Six 
children were born to the parents. Bertha is the wife of Frederick 
Bay, of Adrian ; Frederick, Jr., is a farmer in Ogden township ; 
Elizabeth, now deceased, was the wife of Edward Staup ; William, 
resides in California ; Augusta is the wife of Charles Rougett, and ' 
Louis John is the subject of this review. The last named received his 
scholastic training in the schools of Palmyra township and of Bliss- 
field. Never in his life has he worked away from home, ^^''hen he 
had become old enough he began to assist his father in the manage- 
ment of the farm and at the time of that parent's death the prop- 
erty came into his hands. Since then he has made an eminent suc- 
cess in his chosen field. He does a .general farming business, de- 
voting himself to no one branch of the science, and by the applica- 
tion of modern and improved methods has made the property one 
of the most valuable in the township. There are 240 acres in the 
farm, the better part of which is under cultivation. To his inde- 
fatigable energy, his determination and his inherent qualities of 
thrift and industry can be attributed the success which he has at- 
tained. In the matter of politics he is identified with the cause of 
the Democratic party, but has never sought public preferment for 
himself. Mr. Schultz is unmarried. 

Howard S. Mellott, the able and popular manager of the 
Morenci creamery, operated by the Ohio Dair)- Company, has been 
the prime factor in building up the successful enterprise conducted 
in the local plant, and he is known as one of the progressive and 
loyal business men of the younger generation in Lenawee county. 
Mr. Mellott was born in Bedford county. Pennsylvania, July 31, 1874, 
a son of Thomas S. and Emma (Blankley) Mellott, both of whom 
were likewise born in Bedford county, where the respective fam- 
ilies were early founded. Thomas S. Mellott became one of the 
representative farmers of his native county, where he was also 
engaged in the manufacturing of brick^ for many years, and he 
continued to reside in the old Keystone state until his death. His 
widow still maintains her home in Bedford county. Thev became 
the parerits of six sons and eight daughters, and of the number 
the subject of this review was the fourth in order of birth. Thomas 
S. Mellott was a gallant soldier of the Union during practically 
the entire period of the Civil war. He enlisted in 1861 as a private 
in the vSixty-seventh Pennsylvania cavalry, and with this command 
he continued in active service until victory had crowned the Union 
arms, wdien he received his honorable discharge. He was an ap- 
preciative and valued member of the Grand Army of the Republic 




HOWAKD S. MELLOTT 



THE I*r,« VORK 



^,,e^'-'="=^'^° 



TlLOE^ ^- 






y 



BIOGRAPHICAL 24I 

up to the time of his death, and his poHtical support was given to 
the RepubHcan party. Howard S. Mellott duly completed the cur- 
riculum of the public schools of his native county, and later he con- 
tinued his studies in turn in the Fayette Normal School, at Fayette, 
Ohio ; the International College of Science, in the city of St. Louis, 
Mo., and the Toledo Medical College. He did not complete his med- 
ical course. As a youth Mr. Mellott was identified with agricul- 
tural pursuits for some time, and for eight years he was employed 
in a cheese factory in Fulton county, Ohio, being manager of the 
business during the last two years. In 1904 he came to Morenci 
as manager of the local plant of the Ohio Dairy Company, which 
is an incorporated concern and which has maintained a branch in 
Morenci since 1900. The present finely equipped establishment 
was completed in 1905, and is modern in every particular. The 
plant has a capacity for the handling of 100,000 pounds of con- 
densed milk per day, and an aggregate of more than 20,000 square 
feet of floor space is utilized. Mr. Mellott gives his undivided, at- 
tention to this important enterprise and is a business man of 
marked discrimination and executive ability. His political allegi- 
ance is given to the Republican party, and he is affiliated with the 
Morenci lodge of the Knights of Pythias. On Feb. 17. 1904. Mr. 
Mellott was united in marriage to Miss Mamie Barber, daughter 
of Albert and Dora (Hall) Barber, of Otokee, Ohio, and she pre- 
sides most graciously over their pleasant home in Morenci. 

John W. Sell, one of the enterprising farmers of Ogden town- 
ship, was born in Preston county, AVest Virginia, on Nov. 23, 1844. 
He is the son of Enos and Elizabeth (Smith) Sell, the former born 
April II, 1820, and the latter July 24, 1817. The father was a large 
landowner and a well known agriculturist of West Virginia, who 
spent all his life in that state, where his death occurred on March 
3. 1900. The mother took the long journey about 1866. Eight chil- 
dren were born to the parents. Samuel lives at Mt. Pleasant, Ohio ; 
Margaret is the wife of Luther Knotts, of Tucker county. West 
Virginia; John W. is the subject of this memoir; Jacob is a 
farmer near Winchester, Va. ; Sarah is the wife of Edward Kime, a 
farmer near Morenci, Mich.; Simon lives in Tucker county. West 
Virginia ; Mary is the widow of Benson Stemple, and lives in Gar- 
rett county, Maryland, and Rachel died in infancy. John AA\ Sell 
attended the district school in the vicinity of his boyhood home 
and his scholastic advantages were limited to the courses afforded 
by that institution. During the Civil war he was a member of the 
state militia, but was never mustered into the United States service. 
He left the parental home when twenty years of age and was vari- 
ously engaged until he came to Lenawee county in 1870. For two 
years after his arrival he was employed by various farmers and 
managed by thrift and industry to save sufficient of his earnings to 
purchase twenty acres of land in Ogden townshi]i, which he cleared 
and improved. Subsequently he disposed of that place and jnir- 
chased the farm upon which he now resides. All of the improve- 
ments on the property, including- the draining, clearing, fencing 
and the erection of bviildings are monuments to Mr. Sell's unceas- 

l6-2V 



242 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

ing- energy. Today he devotes himself to raising live stock and 
poultry — Holstein cattle, Poland China swine and Plymouth Rock 
chickens being his specialty. In the matter of politics he is allied 
with the Republican party, and as the successful candidate of that 
organization has served as school director and township treasurer. 
He has also represented Ogden township on the board of managers 
of the count}' fair for sixteen years. Fraternally he is identified 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Rebekahs, and 
is the master of the State Grange at Ogden Center. On ]\Iarch 23, 
1865, was solemnized Mr. Sell's marriage to Miss Margaret N. 
Roth, the daughter of John and Maria (Fredlock) Roth, both na- 
tives of Germany. Seven children have been the issue of this 
union. Henry E. is deceased; Emma E., deceased, was the wife 
of John Heckert ; Walter A. lives in Fairfield township ; William 
D. is a resident of Madison township ; Alpheus J. lives at home ; 
Lola is the wife of Manford Brown and resides at Weston, Mich., 
and Hervy L. lives at home. 

John D. Shall was born in Huntington county, Indiana, Oct. 
25, 1844. John Stephen Shull, his great-grandfather, was born in 
Germany, came to America in 1770, and located in Bucks county. 
Pennsylvania. John Peter Shull, his grandfather, was born in 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, Alay 5, 1775, and Jacob Shull, his 
father, was born in Chambersburg, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
March 24, 1803. Sarah (Diehl) Shull, his mother, was born near 
Greencastle, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, Sept. 18, 1810. Jacob 
Sh.ull and Sarah Diehl were married on Dec. i, 1835. The follow- 
ing year they moved to Massillon, Ohio, and remained there until 
the spring of 1840, when the allurement of cheap "Congress lands" 
prompted their migration to Huntington county, Indiana, where 
Jacob Shull died on a farm in September, 1845, when the subject 
of this sketch was less than one year old. Sarah Diehl Shull. the 
mother, with three small children, returned to her ancestral home, 
from which she had gone as a bride eleven years before. There, in 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania, John D. Shull passed his youthful 
years at light work, attended district schools, and for three years 
was a student at the Chambersburg Academy. After leaving this 
institution he was engaged at learning the printer's trade, until 
stress of the Civil war, which surged around and about his home, 
prompted him to cast his lot with those who were battling for the 
preservation of our national integrity. His first military service 
was with the "Phil Kearny" infantry. He next joined "Lambert's 
Lancers," from which, by his own request, he was transferred to 
Company G, Eighth Pennsylvania cavalry, with which veteran 
regiment he served until the war ended. Participating in twelve 
important battles, he was wounded in the fight at Sailor's Creek, 
April 6, 1865, three days before Lee's surrender of the Army of 
Northern Virginia. He was honorably discharged from the United 
States service at Lynchburg, Va., June 27, 1865. The following 
winter he taught a district school in Huntington county, Indiana, 
after which he attended Bryant & Stratton's Commercial' College at 
Chicago. After that for a time he was employed as a bookkeeper, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 243 

first at Baltimore, Md., and later at Philadelphia, Pa. Next, he 
was engaged in the drug business from 1867 to 1883 — two years at 
Frederick, Md., five years at Topeka, Kan., and nine years at Lan- 
sing, Mich. On Dec. 18, 1873, he married, at Tecumseh, Mich., 
Mary C. Adams, daughter of Hon. Peter R. and Cordelia M. Adams. 
Since midsummer, 1883, John D. Shull has continuously resided at 
Tecumseh, Lenawee county, actively identified with various in- 
terests — business, social and political. Prior to 1897 most of his 
time was occupied in supervising farming operations, which he 
truly enjoyed. Since that date he has been engaged mainly with 
business enterprises in Tecumseh village. He was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Tecumseh State Savings Bank, and also of the An- 
thony Fence Company, having served in the first directorate of 
both these institutions. A Republican in politics, he has been re- 
warded with numerous minor offices, having been an alderman in 
Lansing, a trustee in Tecumseh village, supervisor of Tecumseh 
township, and representative in the ]\Iichigan legislature, from the 
First Lenawee district, in the sessions of 1891-92. In 1897 he was 
appointed postmaster at Tecumseh, by President William McKin- 
ley. This office he resigned in February, 1899, to accept the posi- 
tion of treasurer and general manager for H. Brewer & Co., man- 
ufacturers of clay working machiner}^ which place he continues 
to occupy at this time (1909). For the past seven years he has 
been a member of the board of control of the state public school 
at Coldwater, in which institution he is deeply interested. He is 
an enthusiastic comrade of Beers Post, No. 140, Grand Army of the 
Republic ; is affiliated with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and Chapter No. 42, Royal Arch Masons. To John 
D. and Mary C. Shull two children were born : Viola Adams, the 
elder, born at Lansing, Mich., Feb. 16, 1879, was a student at 
Painesville, Ohio, is now the wife of Faron S. Anderson, and re- 
^sides at Tecumseh ; Mary Edythe was born at Tecumseh, March 
12, 1888; graduated at the Ann Arbor Universit}' school of music, 
with the class of 1908, and now (1909), is living with her parents 
in the village of her nativity. 

Arthur Smalley, the genial village blacksmith, of Blissfield vil- 
lage, was born in Seneca township, Lenawee county, April 28, 1871. 
He is the son of Bloomer and Martha (Austin) Smalley, both of 
whom were born in Seneca township, the former on Feb. 13, 1845, 
and the latter on Jan. 4, 1849. The mother passed away on Nov. 
29, 1907, and the father, who up to a few years ago was actively 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, has rented his farm and is now 
living retired at ^Morenci. Five children were born to the parents, 
the others besides the subject of this sketch being Rosa (Smalley) 
Franklin, living in Amboy township, Fulton county, Ohio; Lillie 
(Smalley) Bilor, of the same place; Frazey B., an engineer of To- 
ledo, Ohio, and Fred D., who died on Nov. 10, 1904, in Ogden town- 
ship within twenty feet of the place where he was born. Arthur 
Smalley received the limited education afforded by district school 
No. 6, of Ogden township, and for four years thereafter was en- 
gaged in farming. He then went to Lyons, Ohio, where he served 



244 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

an apprenticeship as a blacksmith, and then worked for a year at 
the trade in W^eston, Mich. From there he removed to South Fair- 
field and embarked in the business under his own name, an enter- 
prise which he successfully conducted for seven years. In 1901 he 
disposed of his interests there and came to Blissfield, where he 
opened a general blacksmitbing shop on the main street of the vil- 
lage. He has come to have a reputation as one of the most skilled 
horseshoers in the county, and besides this he does a large business 
in repair work. Politically Mr. Smalley is allied with the Repub- 
lican party, but has never sought public preferment for himself. 
Fraternally he is prominently identified wnth the Blue Lodge of 
the Masonic order, and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On 
Oct. 19, 1895, at Wauseon, Ohio, was celebrated Mr. Smalley's 
marriage to Miss Glendora Starks, born in Blissfield township on 
Nov. 8, 1879, a daughter of Horace and Minerva (Jones) Starks, 
both born in Sandusky, Ohio, and until fifteen years ago they were 
residents of Blissfield township, removing thence to Ogden town- 
ship, where they now live. They had ten children : John, who died 
on Oct. 5, 1897; Esther E. (Starks) Ottgen, living in Adrian; By- 
ron, who died at the age of tw' enty-one months ; Ollie Maggie 
(Starks) Patterson, who lives in Ogden township; Lester, living 
in Holloway, Mich.; Blanche May (Starks) Mosher, whose hus- 
band is a farmer of Fairfield township ; Arthur G., a farmer in Og- 
den township; Rosena (Starks) De Lano, living in Adrian, and 
Finies, a farmer in Ogden township. To Mr. and Mrs. Smalley 
were born, on May 12, 1898, and April 2^], 1905, respectively, two 
sons. Earl H. and Fred D. 

Charles H. Smith, one of the thrifty, progressive agriculturists 
of Blissfield township, was born in Rome township, Lenawee coun- 
ty, April 2, 1849. He is the son of Thomas and Mary (Mills) Smith, 
both natives of the British Isles. The father learned the trade of 
shoemaker in England, and was thus engaged until he came to 
Lenawee county in 1856. He purchased a farm of 160 acres in 
Cambridge township, but after a residence there of four years dis- 
posed of it and removed to Jonesville, Hillsdale county. Four years 
later he returned to Lenawee countv, becoming first a resident of 
Madison township and later of Blissfield township, where he died 
in 1884. His widow passed away the following year. They were 
the parents of seven children: AVilliam, born Sept. 2, 1844; Annie 
E., April 12, 1847; Charles H., the subject of this sketch; Ella J., 
born Nov. 24, 1854; Abraham M.. Dec. 12, 1857; Walter T., Dec. 
19, 1861 ; George A., Sept. 14, 1864. Charles H. Smith attended 
first the public schools of Jonesville, and later the common schools 
of Blissfield township. For several years after he had completed 
his scholastic training he remained with his parents on the home 
farm, and in 1890 purchased a farm in Summerfield township, Mon- 
roe county, Michigan. He continued in the successful management 
of that place until 1904, and after disposing of his Monroe county 
property in that year came to Blissfield township, where he pur- 
chased his present farm of eighty-five acres, some three miles from 
the village of Blissfield. Although Mr. Smith has been steadily 



BIOGRAPHICAL 245 

aligned with the Democratic party he has never been an aspirant 
for political preferment. His only fraternal relations are with the 
Blue Lodge of the Masonic order, at Deerfield. On Feb. 15. 1891, 
in AMiiteford township. Monroe county, was solemnized Mr. 
Smith's marriage to Miss Mar}- Strahan, born in Ireland on July 28, 
1856, the daughter of Gordon and Mary J. (Craig) Strahan. Mr. 
and Mrs. Strahan were both born in County Antrim, Ireland, the 
former on Feb. 14, 1814. and the latter on Jan. 6, 1830. They came 
to America in 1856 and for ten years resided in Canada. Subse- 
quently they came to Macon township. Lenawee county, and nine 
years later removed to a forty-acre farm in Whiteford township, 
Monroe county, where Mr. Strahan died in March, 1881, and Avhere 
his widow is still living. They were the parents of ten children, 
namely: John G.. Anna B., Speer B., Sarah C, Marguerite J., 
Charles H.. Thomas J.. Martha (deceased). Emily R. and Mrs. 
Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have had no children of their own, but 
they have legally adopted a nephew, George J., born Feb. 8, 1889, 
whose father was drowned in Lake Superior on Oct. 11. 1907, and 
no one could be the recipient of more affection or of better advan- 
tages than this adopted son. Several years before Mr. Strahan 
emigrated to America, in 1856. he made a prospecting tour to this 
country, visiting Toronto, Canada, Niagara Falls, Rochester, N. Y.. 
where his brother. John, resides, and several other points, and 
would have located permanently, but owing to the death of his 
brother, James Strahan, the estates descended to Gordon, and he 
was compelled to return to Ireland and receive them. Soon after 
returning to Ireland he met and married Mary J. Craig, and decided 
to come to America and make it his future home. 

Charles L. Smith, an agriculturist of means, whose property 
lies in Deerfield township, is a native of Erie county, Ohio, where 
he was born on Feb. 20, 1863. He is the son of Luther and Caroline 
(Miller) Smith, the father born in New York, and the mother in 
Germany. The former left the Empire state while still a youth and 
located in Erie county, Ohio, where he was engaged in farming 
until 1864. In that year he removed to Blissfield township, Lena- 
wee county, Michigan, and followed the same calling until his death 
in 1892. The mother now makes her home with a daughter, Mrs. 
Deckler, in A\\-andotte, Mich. Five children were born to the par- 
ents. Adelma died at the age of four years; AA^illiam is farming in 
Blissfield township; Frank lives in Flint. Mich., and Carrie (Smith) 
Deckler, in Wyandotte, Mich. Charles L. Smith received his pre- 
liminary educational training in the district schools of Blissfield 
township and rounded out his scholastic career by a course in 
Brown's Business University at Adrian. From the time of the 
completion of his scholastic work until 1890 he was engaged on the 
farm with his father, and in the last mentioned year he removed 
to his present farm, where lie has since been successfully and lu- 
cratively engaged. Since removing to his present farm he has pur- 
chased additional tracts of land adjoining and near his farm until 
he now owns and controls 108 acres of fineh^ improved land. Po- 
litically he is identified with the cause of the Republican part\- and 



246 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

as the candidate of that organization was elected supervisor of the 
township in the spring of 1905 and served one year. For the past 
six years he has been a member of the board of school directors of 
district No. 2, and is now serving his fifth year as a director of the 
Patrons Fire Insurance Company. Fraternally Mr. Smith is identi- 
fied with the State Grange, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and the Gleaners. On Jan. i, 1890, occurred Mr. Smith's marriage 
to Miss Mertice Hall, born in Blissfield township, March 12, 1868, 
the daughter of George and Emily (Munson) Hall, who are more 
particularly mentioned in the sketch of Willis Hall, appearing else- 
where in this volume. Three children have been the issue of this 
union, namely: Worthy, born Aug. 13, 1892; W^eldon L., born Oct. 
16, 1894, and Stanley G., born Jan. 13, 1897, all at home. The eld- 
est two are attending school. 

Joseph Henry Smith, well known in the financial circles of 
Lenawee county, was born in Cambridge township of the same 
county on April 26, 1853. His father was AVilliam H. Smith, who 
was born in Onondaga, N. Y., on April 16, 1831, and came to Mich- 
igan with his parents when he was but two years of age. The fam- 
ily located on section four of Cambridge township in 1836, and it 
was necessary for the father to cut timber for a distance of four 
miles in order to get to their property, which was on the shores of 
Stony Lake. William H. Smith remained with his parents on the 
farm, helping to clear it, until 1851, and then started to learn the 
carpenter's trade, a vocation which he followed until the time of 
his death. In 1849 he was united in marriage to Miss Julia Her- 
rick, born in Ireland, on June 12, 1830, who came to Lenawee 
county with her brother and two sisters, in 1844. She died in Te- 
cumseh on Aug. 22, 1897. She and her husband were the parents 
of six children, but two of whom, Joseph Henry and Charles D., 
survive. The father was married a second time, and his widow 
survives him, his death having occurred at Tacoma, Wash., on 
Feb. 25, 1907. His remains are interred beside those of his first 
wife, in Tecumseh. Joseph Henry Smith can trace his ancestry 
back five generations. His great-great-grandfather, Aaron Smith, 
was born in Worcester, Mass., in 1745, and died there in 1840, at 
the age of ninety-five years ; his great-grandfather, born in Wor- 
cester in 1773, died there in 1848, and his grandfather, Henry 
Smith, was born in Worcester in 1798, migrated to Onondaga 
county and thence to Cambridge township in 1833, where he died 
in 1891, at the age of ninety-three years. Mr. Smith, the subject 
of this review, received his educational advantages in the common 
schools of Cambridge township and with a course at Adrian Col- 
lege. When seventeen years of age he became apprenticed in the 
carpenter's trade and after five years, in which he mastered the 
trade, he was engaged in contracting and building until 1883. In 
that year he removed to Tecumseh and assumed the management 
of a lumber yard and a sash and blind factory, a position which 
he retained for one and one-half years, when he became associated 
with the Tecumseh Fire Insurance Agency for one and one-half 
years. During the five years immediately following he was cashier 



BIOGRAPHICAL 247 

of the private bank of O. P. Bills & Company, and in April, 1893, 
he organized the Tecumseh State Savings Bank, and has ever 
since been cashier of the institution. Air. Smith has held many po- 
sitions of public trust. For two terms, of two years each, he was 
clerk of Cambridge township ; has been town clerk and treasurer 
of Tecumseh township, and treasurer of the village, and in Alarch, 
1903, stepped down from the ot^ce of president of the village, after 
three successive terms. For the past fifteen years he has been one 
of the trustees of the Tecumseh High School, and has recently 
been elected to serve three years more. In religious matters Mr. 
Smith is a member of the Presbyterian church, of which he has 
served as trustee for the past ten years. Fraternally he is promi- 
nently identified with the Tecumseh Lodge of the Masonic order, 
having held nearly all the chairs in the lodge, and is a member of 
the Adrian Commandery, Knights Templar. On Jan. i, 1877, was 
solemnized Mr. Smith's marriage to Miss Mary F. Rogers, a daugh- 
ter of R. L. and Susan A. Rogers, born in the town of Cambridge, 
on Aug. 22, 1854. Mr. Rogers, a pioneer of Cambridge township, 
was born on Feb. 3, 1831, in Steuben county, New York, and his 
wife was born in Erie county, Pennsylvania, on Sept. i, 1833. Their 
marriage occurred Sept. 28, 1853. Two children came to bless the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Smith : Laverne \V. was born in Cam- 
bridge township on Oct. 10, 1877, and after graduation from the 
Tecumseh High School in 1896, served five years in S. W. Ander- 
son's dry goods store in Tecumseh, and then became associated 
with \Y. C. McConnell, the Adrian merchant ; Lena F. was born 
in Cambridge township, Jan. 19, 1883, graduated from the Tecum- 
seh High School in 1900, and on Oct. 22, 1907, was united in mar- 
riage to Wade L. Jones, a merchant tailor and village clerk of Te- 
cumseh, and to them, on Oct. i, 1908, was born a daughter, Marion 
E. 

Leonard Stadler, a well known and thrifty German farmer, of 
Palmyra township, was born on July 23, 1854, on the farm where 
he now lives. He is the son of Leonard and Barbara (Wirth) 
Stadler, the former born in Germany in 1822, and the latter in the 
same country on June 10, 1832. The father served six years in the 
German army and in 1852 immigrated to this country. He first set- 
tled in Toledo, but remained only a short time, coming thence to 
Palmyra in the same year. He cleared and improved the farm and 
resided there until his death, on Jan. i, 1878. The mother now 
makes her home with her son, Leonard. Four children were born 
to the parents : Margaret is the widow of Thomas Engle, of Pal- 
myra township; Leonard is the subject of this review; Mary died 
at the age of four years ; Barbara is the wife of Edward Gray and 
lives on the adjoining farm. Leonard Stadler's educational train- 
ing was received in the district schools of Palmyra township, the 
schools of Blissfield and the German school at Riga. As soon as 
he was old enough to assist in the manual labor on the farm, he 
became an employee of his father and continued to work as such 
until the time of his parents' demise. Since that time he has had 
active charge of the management of the place, and has made of the 



248 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

property one of the most productive farms in the township. He 
devotes most of his attention to dairying, and his herd is recog- 
nized as one of the best in the vicinity. Fraternally Mr. Stadler is 
identified with the State Grange and in the matter of politics is ab- 
solutely independent of party affiliation, preferring to exercise his 
right of suffrage as his conscience and judgment dictate rather 
than be hampered by party ties. On March 12, 1888, Mr. Stadler 
married Miss Agnes Moll, born in Prussia, Germany, July 25, 1859, 
the daughter of Carl and Augusta (Miller) Moll. Mr. and Mrs. 
Moll were born on Feb. 22, 1825, and March 7, 1829, respectively, 
and came to the United States in 1861. They located first at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, where Mr. Moll plied his trade of carpenter until 1870. 
In that year they removed to Blissfield township, this county, and 
resided there on a farm which Mr. Moll had purchased until 1877. 
Thence they removed to Deerfield to live for a short time, and then 
Mr. Moll retired and returned to Blissfield, where he died in 1906. 
His widow now makes her home with Mr. Stadler. Four children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Moll. Gustave B. resides in Petersburg, 
Monroe county, Michigan; Bernard is a dentist residing in Chicago, 
111.; Richard B. is deceased, and Agnes is now Mrs. Stadler. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Stadler was born on Jan. 16, 1901, a daughter, Iva 
Lorena. By a former marriage Mr. Stadler is the father of two 
children — Edgar Thomas, born Aug. 29, 1883, now married and re- 
siding on a farm in Madison township, and Anna C, born Sept. 25, 
1885, lives with her father and has the misfortune of being totally 
deaf. Mrs. Stadler by a former marriage is the mother of a son, 
Richard Minster, born Nov. 8. 1877, now married and an employee 
in the beet sugar factory in Blissfield, when it is in operation. 

Fred E. Stearns, the popular proprietor of the Pleasant View 
Dairy Farm of the township of Deerfield, was born on Feb. 17, 
1861, in the village of Deerfield, the son of Martin and Harriet 
(Rouse) Stearns. The father, born Xov. 8, 1828, and the mother on 
Feb. 29, 1832, natives of Germany, and the former a shoemaker by 
trade, settled in the above mentioned village in an early day, and 
was there actively engaged at his calling up to a few years ago. 
Though he no longer maintains a regular place of business he 
caters to the wants of a few of his old customers. The mother is 
still living in the village of Deerfield. They have eight worthy 
sons and daughters: Florence E.. living in Toledo, Ohio; Frances 
E., residing at Owosso, Mich. ; Phylena E., residing at the parental 
home; Fred E., the subject of this sketch; Orcelia DeEtt, a school 
mistress, of Riga, Mich.; Harriet H.. living at home; Mary J. 
(Stearns) King, residing at Blissfield; and Martin H.. a railroad 
brakeman of Carey, Ohio. Fred E. Stearns received his element- 
ary educational training in the schools of Deerfield village. His 
supplementary training was acquired in the larger school — the 
school of life, which many maintain is the best place to acquire 
practical knowledge. After the passing of the days of elementary 
training, he went to Wyandotte, Mich., where for one season he 
was employed as a section hand on a railway. He then returned 
to his native village and entered the employ of the Lake Shore & 



BIOGRAPHICAI, 249 

Michig-an Southern Railway Company in the capacity of a section 
hand and served for four years. So faithfully did he discharge his 
duties that he was promoted to the responsible position of section 
foreman. For thirteen years, by day and by night, in sunshine 
and in storm, he zealously attended to the afifairs pertaining to his 
section, which was one concerning which the roadmaster of that 
division did not have cause for worry. He next assumed the role 
of a farmer on the farm of his father-in-law, the old AlcW'illiam 
place, in the township of Deerfield, upon which he remained for 
one year. In 1898 he exchanged his property in the village for 118 
acres of land situated only about three-fourths of a mile from the 
village of ' Deerfield, which place is still his residence. He at once 
proceeded to install thereon a system of drainage, which has 
materially improved the soil of the farm, and he, almost single- 
handed, erected the commodious barn which adorns the place. 
Frum the first, he took a deep interest in dairy farming, and today 
he conducts the sole milk route of Deerfield village. Politically 
he is a Democrat. That his executive ability and his judgment 
are respected by his fellow men is shown in the fact that for 
two terms, while he was a resident of Deerfield village, he was a 
member of the village council and for six years a member of the 
school board. On Christmas eve, in the year 1888, in the village 
of Deerfield, he was united in marriage to Miss A'^iola McWilliam, 
daughter of Adam and Jane (Cannon) Mc\\^illiam. The father, a 
native of Deerfield township, still resides on his farm, which is in 
the corporation limits of Deerfield village. The mother, a native of 
Fngland, passed away on Feb. 11, 1904. Mrs. Stearns was born 
on Jan. 11, 1865, in Deerfield village, and there received her schol- 
astic training. The subject of this sketch and his wife have been 
blessed with the birth of six children : Velma G.. born Xov. 19. 
1889, who graduated from the Deerfield High School on May 27, 
1909; Laura J., born June i, 1891 ; Ruth Tola, born Sept. 21, 1894; 
]\Iac A\'., born Sept. 28, 1896; Julia D., born April 5, 1901, and Ada 
P., born July 19, 1903. The family is affiliated with the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Mr. Stearns is a member of the Masonic order, 
now serving his third year as worshipful master of Tracy Lodge, 
No. 167. Free and Accepted Masons, Deerfield, Mich., and he and 
wife are both members of the Order of the Eastern Star. 

Mrs. Eva M. Smith, the founder and proprietor of the Eva M. 
Smith Hospital, which was established in 1906, is a graduate of the 
Tecumseh High School in the class of 1898. For two years she 
was engaged in teaching school and for a few months was a student 
at the University Hospital at Ann x-\rbor, Mich. She has read con- 
siderable in developing her efficiency as a nurse and has come to be 
recognized as One of the most proficient in her line. Mrs. Smith, 
whose maiden name was Eva M. Camburn, is a foster-daughter of 
Eugene Camburn, a retired farmer now living in Tecumseh, and 
her grandfather was "Uncle Joe" Camburn. a pioneer and an ex- 
tensive la'nd owner of Franklin township. She has undertaken a 
worthy enterprise in attemjning to interest the business men at 
Adrian in a community hospital, but has so far been unsuccessful. 



250 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

The needs of the city and her undaunted courage in attempting- to 
bring about the erection of the hospital will undoubtedly have the 
desired result within a few years. The hospital which she now 
conducts is full to overflowing, and among the medical practitioners 
of the citv the idea prevails that nowhere will a patient receive 
better care than under Mrs. Smith. A special department for rheu- 
matics and neurasthenics has recently been added to the hospital, 
which is located at No. 29 Park street. 

Philip C. Snell is numbered among the representative business 
men of Tecumseh, where he is engaged in the general merchandise 
trade, and his success is the more gratif3-ing to contemplate from 
the fact that it represents the results of his own efiforts as one of 
the world's gallant army of workers. ]\Ir. Snell was born in the 
town of Jay, Essex county, New York. Jan. 31. 1849, a son of 
Abram and Susan (Emmons) Snell, the former of whom was born 
in Kensington. Vt., in 1804, and the latter in Xew Hampshire, Dec. 
25, 1812. Both families were founded in America in the Colonial 
days and both now have representatives in the most diverse sections 
of "the Union. Abram Snell died at Jay, N. Y., in the year 1854. and 
his widow continued to reside there until 1865, when she came to 
Michigan in company with the subject of this sketch, and thereafter 
resided in Petersburg, Monroe county, until her death, which oc- 
curred in 1896. Of the five children three are living, and of these 
Philip C. is the youngest. John Snell, the paternal grandfather, 
was a blacksmith by trade, but upon his removal to the state of 
New York he took up government land and reclaimed a farm in 
Essex county, where he was a pioneer settler. He lived in that 
county during the residue of his life. William Emmons, maternal 
grandfather of him whose name initiates this article, was a soldier 
in the A\'ar of 181 2. He followed the lumbering business in Xew 
York, and was killed in a log rush on the Saranac river. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Parker, died in Saranac, N. Y. Philip C. 
Snell was reared to maturity in his native count}-, where he was 
afforded the advantages of the common schools,, and he was about 
sixteen years of age when he came with his widowed mother to 
Michigan. He early assumed responsibilities and initiated his in- 
dependent career as a worker on a farm. For a time he was em- 
ployed in a stave factory in Monroe county, and later he identified 
himself with railroad work, in which line of activity he continued 
for many years. In 1877 he took up his residence in Tecumseh, 
which village has since represented his home, and he continued in 
the employ of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railroad until 
1904, having commenced as a section hand and later. having held 
the position of section foreman. His ability and faithfulness gained 
him successive promotions and at the time of his retirement he 
held a responsible position with this company. On Dec. i, 1904, 
Mr. Snell engaged in the mercantile business in Tecumseh, where 
he has built up a prosperous enterprise and gained a representative 
patronage. He is the owner of his store building and other prop- 
erty in the village, and is known as a substantial and reliable citi- 
zen. His political faith is indicated by the zealous support which 



BIOGRAPHICAL 25 1 

he accords to the cause of the Republican party, and both he and 
his wife hold membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. He 
is affiliated with the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, as well as the encampment body of the order, and he and 
his wife hold membership in the adjunct organization, the Daugh- 
ters of Rebekah. She was one of the charter members of Tecum- 
seh Rebekah Lodge, No. 338, and was its first noble grand. On 
Nov. 8, 1874, Mr. Snell was united in marriage to Miss Ida M. Per- 
ry, who was born in Ottawa county, Michigan, May 28, 1851, a 
daughter of Harwick and Roana (Bowen) Perry. Her father 
was born in the state of New York, May 24, 1823, and her mother 
in Vermont. Nov. 30, 1827. Harwick Perry was a son of Booth and 
Rebecca (Harwick) Perry, who came to Michigan about the year 
1829. The former died in Ottawa county, Michigan, Nov. 29, 1868, 
and the latter in \\^ayne county in 1844. Harwick Perry took up 
his residence in Eaton county in 1853, in Avhich year he settled on 
the homestead farm which he still owns. There his loved and de- 
voted wife died in 1901, at the age of seventy-three years. They 
were married in Malwaukee, Wis., in 1846, and of their eight chil- 
dren, six sons and one daughter are still living. Mr. and Mrs. Snell 
have two children — Frances is the wife of Garland Gillespie, of 
whom mention is made on other pages of this publication, and they 
have three children — Arlene, Geraldine and Frances ; Lula is the 
wife of James A. Davis, a bookkeeper at the Solvay works, in De- 
troit. 

Albert J. Stewart, the owner of a finely improved and well 
equipped farm in Palmyra township, was born in Antrim, N. H., 
Feb. 24, 1850. He is the son of Robert C. and Caroline (Sticknev) 
Stewart, both born in New Hampshire on April 16, 1816, and Nov. 
27, 1823, respectively. The father was a shoemaker by vocation, 
but later became a farmer and did odd jobs at his trade while not 
busy at his farm labors. In 1854 he moved to a farm in Ohio, about 
nine miles distant from Ashley, and subsequently removed to 
another part of the state. The mother's death occurred on Feb. 
12, 1876, and the father from that time until his death, which 
occurred on April 22, 1878, made his home with his son, Albert J. 
Six children were born to the parents, of whom four are now living. 
Albert J., the eldest, is the subject of this review; Frank C. is a 
farmer residing near Cardington. Ohio; Carrie is the wife of Willis 
Julian, a farmer living near Marengo, Ohio ; and Henrj- L. is a 
retired farmer living at Ashley, Ohio. Albert J. Stewart's educa- 
tional training was received in the district and high schools of Ohio. 
As soon as he was of sufficient age he began "hiring out," and was 
thus employed until the time of his marriage. For two years 
thereafter he rented a farm adjoining that of his father-in-law, and 
then came to Raisin township, this county, where he worked for 
a season with Edward \\"ilson. During the next year he worked 
a farm which he rented in that same township, and the next three 
years was engaged on a farm in Palm^^ra township. At the end of 
that time he had accumulated a sufficient sum to enable him to 
purchase thirty-seven and one-half acres of wholly unimproved land. 



252 .MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

where he now resides. He cleared and improved the land, and at 
the present time has a finely equipped place. Besides this prop- 
erty, he owns a farm of thirty-two acres in Morrow county, Ohio. 
He devotes himself to no especial branch of agriculture, believing 
that general farming is the best paying proposition. Starting with 
no capital, save a determination to succeed, a fine physique and 
plenty of natural ability. Air. Stewart has attained an enviable 
position, and his example is well worthy of emulation. In 1901 
Mr. and Mrs. Stewart made an extended trip to California, visit- 
ing two of Mrs. Stewart's uncles, and also an aunt, Mrs. Anna 
Hyde. One of the uncles is editor of a periodical called Dague's 
Plain Talk, and while a resident of Iowa was a member of the 
state senate. He was the author of the famous "Tramp Bill," which 
became a law at the 1897 session of the California legislature; he 
has written extensively on the subject of capital and labor. The 
other uncle owns considerable property in Los Angeles, and now 
resides on a fruit farm thirt}- miles out of the city. In the matter 
of politics Mr. Stewart is staunch in his support of the Repub- 
lican party, but has never aspired to office. On Oct. 27, 1870, in 
Ohio, he married Miss Addessa T. Benedict, born in Bennington 
township. Morrow county, Ohio, March 30, 1848, the daughter of 
Aaron and Caroline (Dague) Benedict. Her father was born on 
Jan. 21, 1817. and in 1905 he died at the age of eighty-eight years, 
in the same home in which he was born and reared. Mrs. Benedict, 
who died several years previous to her husband, was born on May 
25, 1830. To J\Ir. and Mrs. Stewart were born two children, the 
second of whom died in infancy. Bertha, the surviving child, born 
Nov. 4. 1871, has been twice married. By her first marriage she is 
the mother of a daughter. Hazel Gilson, now living with her 
mother. Her second marriage was to Albertus Bunker, a farmer 
living in Morrow county, Ohio. Mr. Bunker was a widower with 
two sons — Lee, now attending school in Adrian, and Rolden. 

Wilfred M. Stoner, D. D. S., is prominent among the progres- 
sive and successful young professional men of Adrian. He was 
born at Arkona, Ontario, Sept. 15, 1882, the son of George and 
Isabella (Mitchell) Stoner, both of whom were born in Ontario, 
and still reside there. The father is a farmer, and beside the sub- 
ject of this sketch has one other son, Xorman, who lives at home 
and assists his parents. Dr. Stoner early decided upon a profes- 
sional career and after his preliminary education was finished he 
went to Chicago, where he graduated from the Chicago College of 
Dental Surgery with the class of 1906. Immediately after gradu- 
ation he came to Adrian in June, and established himself in the 
active practice of his profession. Dr. Stoner holds the degree of 
Doctor of Dental Surgery, and during the brief period he has 
resided in the city he has built up an excellent practice. Not only 
is he consulted by the best residents of Adrian, but people all over 
Lenawee county come to him for treatment. The Doctor is meet- 
ing with most gratifying success, which he well deserves. He has 
most progressive ideas and is always interested in public ques- 
tions. In politics he is affiliated with the Republican party, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL 253 

fraternally he is a popular member of the Knights of Pythias. 
His religious views are expressed by his membership in the First 
Baptist Church of Adrian. While in college Dr. Stoner became 
a member of the Delta Sigma Delta, a professional college frater- 
nity, and is now a member of its alumni association. The Doctor's 
office is located in the new Lenawee County Bank Ijuilding. and he 
resides at 92% North Main street. 

Perry E. Tayer, M. D., one of the youngest physicians in Lena- 
wee county, was born in Adrian on March i, 1883. The paternal 
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Tayer, came across the country to 
Adrian from New York with an ox team, and are still living in 
the city, their residence being located on Beecher street, just across 
the stone bridge. Both parents, Benjamin E. and Nellie (Parsons) 
Tayer, were born in this county, the father in Madison and the 
mother in Woodstock township. The father left the parental farm 
when a youth and worked as a laborer for a time. For six years 
he was street commissioner of Adrian, and then for seven years was 
engaged in the draying business in the same city. On ]\Iarch i, 
1908, he removed to Detroit, where is now engaged in the Sanitary 
Dust Removing Company, the "Blue W^agon" service, which cleans 
houses, churches, etc., with a combination of compressed air and 
suction. There were two children born to the parents, the Doctor 
and a sister, Louise A., who is now employed in the Michigan 
Central freight office in Detroit. Both are graduates of the Adrian 
High School, the Doctor in the class of 1902, and the sister in the 
class of 1907. Dr. Tayer's professional training was received in 
a two years' course of study at the University of Michigan, and 
two years more at the Detroit College of Medicine, and he was 
graduated at the latter institution in 1906 with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. For a year he served as an interne in St. ^^lary's 
Hospital in Detroit, in order to become more thoroughly con- 
versant with the practical side of his profession, and on June i, 
1907, he opened an office in Adrian. Although he has been engaged 
but a comparatively short time he has already laid the foundation 
for an excellent practice, his patients being among the best class 
in the city. He has neat offices on North Main street, and makes 
his home at the Y. M. C. A. building, where he has a suite of 
rooms. .In politics Dr. Tayer is an adherent of Republican prin- 
ciples, and fraternally is associated with the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. Although he is not a member, he attends 
regularly the divine worship of the Presbyterian church. 

Fred D. Teachout is prominent throughout Lenawee county 
as a horse dealer and makes his home at Tecumseh, where he is 
regarded as one of the foremost citizens. He was born on April 11, 
i860, in Cambridge township, the son of Charles and Harriet A. 
(Barrus) Teachout, the former born in New York on Feb. 2, 1837, 
and the latter in Rome township, Lenawee county, on Sept. 7, 1839. 
The paternal grandparents, William and Rachel (Wells) Teachout, 
were natives of New York who came to Lenawee count\- in 1854, 
locating on a farm in Cambridge township. There the grand- 
mother died and the grandfather spent his last days in Tecumseh, 



2'54 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

his demise occurring in April, 1870. The maternal grandparents, 
Dellencee and Emily (Smith) Barrus, were also immigrants from 
New York. Mrs. Barrus' father, David Smith, was one of the first 
settlers of Wolf Creek, in Adrian township, and had the distinction 
of being the first man to catch a bear in the county. Both maternal 
grandparents passed away at Wolf Creek. The father, Charles 
Teachout, was an agriculturist in early life, and in 1867 assumed the 
management of the Halfway House at Adrian. From there he 
removed to Rome Center, where he was engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness for three and a half years. Thence he returned to Adrian, and 
his last days were spent in Brooklyn, Mich., where he died in 1899, 
leaving, besides his widow, who is still living, two sons, Fred D. 
and Claude E., the latter now proprietor of a hotel in Brooklyn, 
Mich. The father was a Republican in his political relations and 
fraternally was allied with the Masonic order. Fred D. Teachout, 
the subject of this review, took advantage of the educational oppor- 
tunities afl^orded by the public schools and remained on his father's 
farm until he was sixteen years of age. Fie had always manifested 
a great liking for horses, and he then determined to make the 
training of and dealing in horses a life business. Between 1891 and 
1895 he was connected with the L. L Biddle Stock Farm, and the 
animals raised under his direction have become famous as trotters 
and driving horses. Since that time he has lived in Tecumseh, and 
has devoted all his time to the business of training, breaking and 
selling animals, an industry which has brought him a lucrative 
income. Mr. Teachout has always been unswerving in his allegiance 
to the Republican party and as the successful candidate of that 
party is now serving his fourth year on the village board. On Feb. 
27, 1889, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Teachout to Miss 
Cora E. Jones, a native of Tecumseh and the daughter of David 
Jones, mentioned more particularly elsewhere in this work. To this 
union have been born two children — Charles M., who will graduate 
at the Tecumseh High School in the class of 1909, and Harriet A., 
now a junior in the same institution. Mr. Teachout's fraternal 
relations are with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted 
Masons. He received the appointment of deputy sheriff in January, 
1909, from L. L. Knowles, sheriff of Lenawee county. 

George W. Tietz, a member of the firm of Tietz & Freytag, 
of Adrian, extensive dealers in meats, groceries, etc., was born in 
Toledo, Ohio, April 25, 1875, the son of William and Barbara 
(Fritz) Tietz. Both the parents were born in Germany, where 
the father served seven years in the army. He was a blacksmith 
by trade and was thus engaged in Toledo, but after coming to 
Adrian, where he died on Feb. 15, 1885, was engaged in the saloon 
business. The mother is still a respected resident of Adrian, liv- 
ing at 129 Michigan street. Two sons were born tO the parents — 
George W., of this sketch, and Fred, who was born in Adrian and 
now makes his home with his mother. George W. Tietz graduated 
at the Adrian High School in the class of 1896. On Sept. 13, 1897, 
he accepted a clerical position with J. Fred Betz in the grocery 
business and continued with him for a period of ten 3'ears. In 



y 



BIOGRAPHICAL 255 

partnership with J. Fred Freytag he opened on ]March 4, 1907, the 
establishment which they are now conducting at the corner of 
Tecumseh and East Maumee streets. The venture proved a suc- 
cess from the start and is now bringing the proprietors satisfactory 
incomes. Their goods are of the best quality and their store is 
recognized throughout the city as one of the first class. Mr. Tietz 
is a Republican and as the successful candidate of that party is 
now rounding out his fourth successive term of one year each as 
a member of the board of supervisors from the Fifth ward. For 
two years he w^as commander of the Lenawee Tent, No. 452, 
Knights of the Maccabees, and now is lieutenant commander of 
Adrian Tent, No. 145, Knights of the Modern Maccabees. Dur- 
ing the season of 1908 he was one of the directors of the Adrian 
Baseball Association. He is a member of the Adrian Industrial 
Association and, although not a member, he attends St. Stephen's 
German Lutheran Church, to which his mother belongs. On Oct. 
3, 1906, Mr. Tietz was united in marriage to Miss Delia M. Sher- 
man, daughter of Mrs. Louise Sherman, of Toledo, Ohio. Mr. and 
Mrs. Tietz live in the home at 79 Frank street, which Mr. Tietz 
erected in 1906. 

Daniel Todd, M. D., the oldest practicing physician of Adrian, 
was born in Peterborough, N. H., Dec. 17, 1827. He is the son of 
James B. Todd, born Nov. 25, 1787, w^ho in turn was the son of 
John Todd. James B. Todd lived in Peterborough until 1828, mov- 
ing in the spring of that year to Genesee county, New York, where 
he had purchased a farm of the Holland Land Company in Byron 
township. He cleared 216 acres, built good buildings, and there 
made his home until his death on May 27, 1863. On Feb. 8, 1816, 
he was married to Miss Sarah Appleton, the daughter of the Hon. 
Isaac Appleton, of Dublin, N. H., by whom he had eight children, 
two of whom died in infancy, and six grew to maturity, and the 
only survivor is the Doctor. The mother was born in Dublin on 
March 5, 1790. and lived to be nearly 100 years old. The ancestors 
of the Todd family were of Scotch-Irish mixture, and the founder 
of the American line came to this country early in the eighteenth 
century. Dr. Todd was reared on a farm and lived with his par- 
ents until he w^as seventeen years of age, leaving home then to 
attend the Alexander Seminary in Genesee county, where he 
remained for a period of two years. In the spring of 1848 he began 
liis professional study under the preceptorship of Dr. Burdett J. 
Lynde, of Byron. In July, 1849, he matriculated in the medical 
department of Harvard College, and during his vacation of the 
next year he made a trip into the West with the idea of determin- 
ing upon a place in which to locate w^hen he should have finished 
Harvard the next year. He first visited Wisconsin and on his 
return stopped for a time with his sister, Mrs. Thomas F. Moore, 
w^ho resided in Medina, Lenawee county. During that summer of 
1850 there was an epidemic of typhoid fever in the county, and Dr. 
Kibbie, of Canadaigua, induced him to spend the remainder of his 
vacation here and assist in the treatment of the victims. Dr. Todd 
had made a study of the disease at Harvard, and so his remaining 



256 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

was a great boon to those afflicted. His stay convinced him that it 
would Tdc more practical for him to finish his medical study in some 
institution nearer the scene of the field he had chosen for his labors 
and he decided to enter the Cincinnati Medical College. The illness 
of his father that fall upset his plans and he returned to his home, 
but subsequently was enabled to graduate at the Bufifalo Medical 
College in 185 1 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. In the same 
year he returned to Canandaigua and began his professional prac- 
tice. Four years later, in 1855, he determined to obtain a larger 
field and purchased a farm in Madison township just outside the 
corporate limits of Adrian, where he resided until 1870. Since that 
year he has made his home in the city and has enjoyed a large and 
lucrative practice. Notwithstanding the fact that Dr. Todd swears 
allegiance to the Democratic party in all matters relating to state 
and national issues, he is more liberal in his views on local affairs. 
He has been the recipient of many official honors. For two years 
he served Madison township as supervisor ; and his popularity 
was amply attested when in 1878 he was elected to represent the 
Fourth ward in the common council and re-elected in 1880, the first 
Democrat sent to the council from the ward in twenty years. He 
also served one term as mayor of the city. On April 22, 1854, Dr. 
Todd was united in marriage to Miss Julia S. \\^elch, born twenty 
miles south of Auburn, X. Y., who came to Canandaigua with her 
parents. Four children were born to this union. Frederick, of 
Detroit; Helen J., at home; Emma, the wife of Charles Wesley; 
and AA'illiam A\'., of Jackson. Mich. 

Capt. Charles Rollin Miller. — In the passing of Captain Miller, 
on Oct. 13, 1908, the city of Adrian and Lenawee county lost one 
of its most distinguished and respected citizens, wdiose kindly 
deeds and many excellent qualities Avill be remembered for many 
generations. Captain Miller was born at Moravia, Cayuga county, 
New York, June 7, 1835, the son of Amos and Catharine (Bart- 
lett) Miller, both of whom were also natives of the Empire State. 
The father was born in Cayuga county of parents who came to 
Central New York from Connecticut and were of Gernjan descent. 
The mother, Catharine Bartlett, was a daughter of Moses Bartlett, 
a native of Vermont, and she was born in Moravia. Her paternal 
grandfather. Colonel Bartlett, was of English descent, and was an 
officer under Ethan Allen during the Revolutionary war. In the 
spring of 1837 Amos Miller started from Moravia, N. Y., with his 
family, for Michigan, the means of conveyance being a team and 
a lumber wagon. Their journey lay through Canada, and in this 
manner they traveled the entire distance to AVashtenaw county, 
where they settled on a farm in the town of Bridgewater. There 
the family lived for some time in the rudest kind of a log cabin 
for about three years, wdien they removed to Saline. The subject 
of this review was but two years of age when his parents made 
this tedious trip to their western home, and as a boy he attended 
school at the union district schools of Saline and Lodi, in Wash- 
tenaw county. During a large portion of the time he worked on 
the farm during the summer months, attending school in the winter, 



y 



THE :■; 
PUBLIC 



AHY 









Asrc 

TILDF 

n 



-.RY 



ij 



BIOGRAPHICAL 257 

but at the early age of fifteen years he began teaching school and 
served in that capacity for four terms. Being determined to ac- 
quire a higher education he gave assiduous attention to his books 
and finally entered the Michigan State Normal School at Ypsilanti, 
in which institution he graduated with the class of 1855. He then 
matriculated in the state university at Ann Arbor, where he grad- 
uated in the literary department in 1858 and received his degree 
in the law department in the class of 1860. Soon after graduation 
he went to St. Joseph, Mo., where he practiced law for a time in 
partnership with George ]\I. Landon, who is now a resident of 
Monroe, }^Iich. In 1861 Mr. ]\Iiller held a position as clerk in the 
postoffice at St. Joseph, where he assisted in making up the first 
mail that went by stage via the overland route to the Pacific coast. 
A\'hile in Missouri he had several exciting and dangerous experi- 
ences with the secessionists. His sentiments being strongly in favor 
of the Union cause, he retnrned to Michigan in 1862 and enlisted as 
a member of the Eighteenth ]\Iichigan infantry. This regiment 
was organized at Hillsdale and was mustered in on Aug. 26, 1862. 
It left the state on Sept. 4, reported at Cincinnati, and was stationed 
at Lexington, Ky., from Nov. 1, 1862, until Feb. 21, 1863. It then 
moved to Danville, and was with the forces that retreated from 
that place on the 24th, skirmishing with those of Pegram as they 
left. On the 28th it joined in pursuit of Pegram, making a long, 
rough march to Buck creek. It returned to Stanford, then moved 
to Lebanon and thence to Xashville, where it was employed as pro- 
vost guard from Nov. 1, 1863, to June 11, 1864. Ordered south, it 
reached Decatur, Ala., in June, and was placed on garrison and 
scouting duty^ It was a part of the force that surprised Patterson's 
brigade of cavalry at Pond Springs, capturing its camp equipage, 
wagons and commissary stores, and in July it assisted in routing 
the same brigade at Courtland, being the only infantry engaged 
at either time. It left Decatur in September to reinforce the gar- 
rison at Athens, reaching there just in time to repel Roddey's com- 
mand. It joined in pursuit of Wheeler, overtaking and skirmish- 
ing with his rear^-^guard at Shoal creek, and then returned to De- 
catur. The regiment participated in the successful defense of De- 
catur against Hood's army, remaining at that place until Xov. 25, 
when it moved to Stevenson and was engaged in building fortifica- 
tions until Dec. 19. It was then ordered back to Decatur, where 
it was on garrison duty until Jan. 11, 1865, when it proceeded to 
Huntsville for post duty, remaining until the surrender. The mil- 
itary service of the subject of this review was separate and apart 
from that of his regiment to a considerable extent. Soon after ar- 
riving at the front he was assigned to the staff of Gen. John F. 
Miller. During the summer of 1863 he served on the staff of Gen'. 
Robert S. Granger, at Xashville, Tenn., then on the staff of Gen. 
Lovell H. Rousseau, commanding a division in the Arm\' of the 
Cumberland, and finally as assistant judge advocate on the staff 
of Gen. George H. Thomas, commanding the Department of the 
Cumberland. In every capacity he served his country faithfully 
and well, and was mustered out in August, 1865, with the rank of 

I7-2V 



258 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

captain. He then returned to Adrian and was immediately taken 
in as a partner in the practice of law by Norman Geddes, with whom 
he continued under the firm name of Geddes & Miller, for more 
than twenty years, or until Judge Geddes was elected to the bench. 
Mr, Miller then continued in the practice alone until 1894, when he 
retired permanently from the law, his other extensive interests re- 
quiring his entire time and attention. At an early date in his busi- 
ness career he invested largely in timber lands in the northern part 
of the state, and he owned and platted the village of Millersburg, 
in Presque Isle county, forty miles northwest of Alpena, on the 
Detroit & Mackinac railway. The place is now an incorporated 
village of more than 700 people and is growing rapidly. Mr. Miller 
was also the owner of extensive landed interests in Presque Isle, 
Cheboygan and Chippewa counties, and on Mackinac island. He 
was also interested in farming land in Lenawee county, where he 
owned and operated 1,200 acres, having been the largest owner of 
improved land in the county. In addition to his extensive farm- 
ing and landed interests he was president of the State Savings 
Bank, and the Anthony Fence Company, of Tecumseh ; was one of 
the organizers and served for a time as president of the Commercial 
Savings Bank ; was president of the Spring Brook Brewing Com- 
pany of Adrian, and was president of the Hillsdale Truck and 
Wagon Company, of Hillsdale, Mich. Always actively interested 
in the public welfare, he served as a member of the state board of 
managers of the State Industrial Home for Girls by appointment 
first of Gov. Charles M. Croswell and by reappointment of Gov. 
David H. Jerome. At the time of his death he was president of the 
Mackinac Island State Park Commission, and had served that 
same body as secretary and treasurer. At one time he was the 
unanimous choice of the Republican county delegation for the nom- 
ination as candidate for Congress. For many years he was a trustee 
of the Adrian Presbyterian church, and also served as secretary 
of the Adrian public school board for eleven years. During the 
time of his more active professional career he served two terms 
(1869-1873) as prosecuting attorney of Lenawee county. Mr. Mil- 
ler was twice married. In October, 1865, he was married to Miss 
Mary L. Becker, of Ann Arbor, Mich., daughter of Hiram and 
Sophia Becker, and to this union there were born two daughters, 
Mary S., who is an undergraduate of Wellesley College, and Jessie, 
a graduate of the University of Michigan. The mother of these 
daughters died at Adrian in 1889, and in April, 1890, Mr. Miller 
married Mrs. Anna M. Wendell, widow of Hon. J. A. T. Wendell, 
of Mackinac island. The second wife, who survives, is a Virginian, 
descended from the early colonial settlers, her ancestors having qome 
to York, Va., in 1620. She is the only daughter of the late Philip 
William Hale, of Loudon county, Virginia, a major in the Confed- 
erate army, and Mary Margaret Beale, of York county, Virginia. By 
her first marriage Mrs. Miller is the mother of two daughters, Mrs. 
W. L. Barnes, of Ionia, and Miss Romaine Wendell, of Detroit. 
Mrs. Miller is a member of the Daughters of the Revolution, the 
Colonial Dames Society and the Society of Colonial Governors' 



r; 
ft 



H 



ti: 
> 

r 

QQ 



53 




■ARY 



■ILDSN FOUNDATIONS 



^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 259 

Daughters. Mr. Aliller's death was due to basilar parah'sis, after 
an illness of two weeks. During the evening of his well-spent and 
useful life he confined his attention to his private affairs and spent 
his spare moments in the pleasant home circle, holding communion 
with the world's greatest thinkers through the medium of books 
in his carefully selected and extensive private library. 

Fernando D. Thieme, a furniture manufacturer and a prom- 
inent citizen of Adrian, born in New York city on July 12, i860. 
His father. Christian Thieme, was born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar, 
Germany, Oct. 16, 1824, and in that city learned the trade of cab- 
inet-maker. He was married in Jena to Miss Caroline Juliana 
Von Wohlfeldt, and to this union six children w'ere born, three of 
whom survive. The eldest, Mrs. Laura Breunig, now deceased, 
was born in Germany, and the others were born in New York 
city. Paul and Adolph died in infancy ; William is a piano tuner, 
living at 93 East Front street, Adrian ; and Mrs. Carrie Robbins 
also lives in Adrian. On June 15, 1848, Christian Thieme, the 
father, took command of a regiment of Revolutionists, having pre- 
viously had three years' experience in the German army. He 
fought for a German republic until Sept. 15 of that year, when he 
was made a member of the strategy board under the late Gen. 
Carl Schurz. In October he was captured in disguise and impris- 
oned in the Castle of Wartburg, the same prison in which Martin 
Luther had been incarcerated, and after a trial by court-martial was 
sentenced to be shot. The execution was delayed, however, and in 
June, 1851, by the aid of political friends, he escaped from prison. 
For three 3'ears he remained in hiding, pursued from place to place, 
until finally he made his way across the French border, and thence 
.to England, disguised as a butcher. From England he doubled 
back to Hamburg, then a free city, where he w^as joined by his wife 
and baby daughter, and sailed for New York. He remained in 
New York city working at his trade for thirteen years, and then 
came to Adrian, arriving there on Oct. 27, 1867. When he came 
west it was with some seventy other men, all of whom Avent to 
work in the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern shops. The first 
Wagner sleeping and parlor cars, one of each, had been built in 
New York and sent in pieces to Adrian, and Mr. Thieme's first 
work was in putting together these cars and making them ready 
for use. The sleeper was known as the Elkhart and the parlor car 
as the White Pigeon. The father .remained in the Lake Shore 
shops until 1878, the year the company quit doing its own fine wood- 
work. For a time thereafter he was engaged in manufacturing pipe 
organs, but the venture proved unsuccessful and he retired from 
active participation in business affairs. His death occurred on Sept. 
13, 1907. Fernando D. Thieme, the subject of this memoir, received 
all his educational training in the public schools of Adrian, and 
when but thirteen years of age became a pattern-maker for the 
Peninsular Car Compan}-. After two and a half years of faithful 
service in the employ of that company he accepted a position as 
carver and designer with the Adrian Furniture Company, with which 
concern he remained for eleven years. Mr. Thieme superintended 



26o MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the erection of the organ factory in Adrian and also the present fac- 
tory of the Adrian Furniture Compan}'. In 1900 he purchased the old 
Turner Hall at the corner of Hunt and Croswell streets, and after 
remodeling it engaged in the manufacture of furniture under his 
own name. His trade has flourished from the start, and he has 
won a wide reputation as a master designer and carver. He holds 
the title to the property on which his factory is located and also 
owns considerable other valuable realty within the corporate limits 
of the city. His office and draughting room is at the old family 
home, Xo. 91 Front street. In the matter of politics Mr. Thieme 
is aligned with the Republican party, but has never been an aspir- 
ant for public office of any nature. Fraternally he is identified wuth 
the Independent Order of Foresters. Mr. Thieme has never mar- 
ried. 

Elmer L. Thompson, a prominent agriculturist of the town- 
ship of Deerfield, was born in Aladison township, Nov. 16, 1869, the 
son of Walter and Frances (McXair) Thompson. The mother, a 
native of Madison township, is now residing with her daughter, 
Mrs. Grace (Thompson) George, of Toledo, Ohio. The father, a 
stone-mason by trade, was born in New York state ; came west 
with his father and settled in Madison township when but four 
years of age. He continued to work at his trade a great deal of 
the time until his death in February, 1902. The parents were 
blessed with the birth of seven children, four girls and three boys — 
William, living in Deerfield township ; Edgar, residing in Monroe 
county; Mrs. Hattie (Thompson) Myers, living in Toledo, Ohio; 
Mrs. Grace (Thompson) George, also a resident of Toledo; Net- 
tie, residing with her mother and sister, Grace, in Toledo ; Mrs. 
Anna (Thompson) Ostrander. also living in Toledo; and Elmer 
L., the subject of this sketch. The last named received his edu- 
cational training in the district schools of Adrian township, and of 
Monroe county. After the passing of his school da3^s he worked on 
farms until seventeen years of age, when he purchased a team of 
horses with his savings. The next two years found Mr. Thompson 
working neighboring farms on shares, and he later purchased 
twentv acres of woodland. After divesting the latter of its timber, 
the best of which he sold to saw-mill companies, and disposed of 
the remainder to his neighbors to be consumed as wood, he 
remained on this farm for four years, and then purchased the farm 
of fifty-six acres, upon which he is now residing and which is situ- 
ated only one half mile from the village of Deerfield. He erected 
on this place a fine comfortable residence and a spacious barn. In 
January, 1908, Mr. Thompson sufifered the misfortune of losing his 
barn by fire. But a man of the mold of Mr. Thompson who had 
gained his footing at the start of the race of life entirely through 
his own assiduous enterprise, was not to be discouraged by the loss 
of a barn, so he at once laid plans for the erection of another, more 
spacious and modern than his former one, and in fact it may truth- 
fully he said to be as fine as any in this section of the country. He 
has made a specialty of cattle dealing. He buys them in the autumn, 
feeds them well during the winter months, and by the following 



BIOGRAPHICAL 26 1 

spring he has them in excellent condition for the market. That the 
subject of this sketch is an "up-to-date" farmer is manifested by the 
many modern conveniences to be found about his place. Politically 
he believes in the principles of the Prohibition party. That his 
neighbors have great faith in his judgment is evidenced by the fact 
that they have delegated him to act as highway commissioner. Pie 
was united in marriage at Petersburg, Monroe county, Mich., April 
IT, 1896, to Miss Ada L. McOuarie, daughter of John and Ella 
(Hunter) McOuarie. His wife's father was born in Deerfield town- 
ship, in the house in which he now resides, May 15, 1848. Her 
mother was born in the state of New York, July 25, 1848. They 
now reside in comfort just across the way from the homestead of 
their son-in-law. Five children have graced the fireside of Mr. 
and Mrs. McOuarie — Virgil H., born July 2, 1871 ; Forest Xeal, 
born March 10. 1877; Donald E., born May 15. 1882; Frances E., 
born Aug. 24, 1885 ; and Ada L., the beloved wife of Mr. Thompson, 
born June 29, 1874. She received her early education in her native 
township and for three years prior to her marriage she acted in 
the capacity of school-mistress. Four children have been born to 
this couple, as follows: Forest Roy, Feb. 22, 1898; Richard C, Xov. 
22, 1899; Kenneth Eugene. June 20, 1901 ; and John S., Aug. 16, 
1904. Fraternally Mr. Thompson is well affiliated, being a member 
of the Knights of the Modern Maccabees, and of the Gleaners. The 
family church is the Presbyterian, with which religious organiza- 
tion they are devoutly associated. 

David L. Treat, M. D., one of the leading practitioners of 
medicine in Adrian, was born in the township of that name on 
Oct. 26. 1875. He is the son of Butler and Mary (Vedder) Treat, 
both natives of the Empire State, their homes having been near 
Utica. The father was a farmer by vocation who entered 240 acres 
in Adrian township under the homestead law in 1836, and worked 
it until the time of his demise, which occurred Sept. 30, 1888. The 
mother now makes her home with the Doctor. The parents' fam- 
ily consisted of four sons and a daughter — Fred, of Hillsdale ; 
Mary, the wife of Frank Bates, of Lansing; Frank, who now con- 
ducts the home farm ; Elmer, of Detroit ; and the Doctor. Dr. 
Treat graduated at the Adrian High School in the class of 1892, 
and for some time was engaged as a registered druggist in Adrian, 
having successfully taken the examination submitted by the State 
Board of Pharmac}-. In 1898 he graduated at the Ohio Medical 
University of Columbus, Ohio, and subsequently in order to famil- 
iarize himself as far as possible with the most advanced methods 
and theories of the profession he took post graduate work in the 
New York Post Graduate Medical School. Ever since graduation 
he has been successfully engaged in his practice in Adrian. Pro- 
fessionally he is allied with the State and the Lenawee County 
Medical societies and the American Medical Association ; and 
fraternally is prominent in the Masonic order, being a member of 
the Adrian Blue Lodge, the Adrian Consistory and the Moslem 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Detroit. He is also a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the 



262 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Knights of the Maccabees. Dr. Treat has been prominent for many 
years in the councils of the Democratic party, and is now one of 
the representatives of his district on the Democratic State Central 
Committee. He served two years as a member of the common 
council of Adrian and is the present mayor of the city. On Oct. 
21, 1903, he was united in marriage to Miss Georgia Rice, the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sim Rice, of Adrian, who graduated at 
the Adrian High School in 1894. Mrs. Rice died in 1900, and Mr. 
Rice is now a respected resident of Adrian. 

Chester C. Van Doren, deceased, who during his lifetime was 
one of the foremost merchants and a leader in the social and re- 
ligious life of Adrian, was born in Adrian township, Lenawee county, 
on Oct. 12, 1842. the son of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob E. Van Doren. The 
parents came to Michigan in June, 1835, and purchased eighty acres 
of land in section 22, Adrian township. Chester C. Van Doren 
attended what was then known as the Graham Township School, 
located near the Levi Chase place in Raisin township, and later 
graduated from the Raisin Valley Seminary. Until he was twenty- 
three years of age he lived with his parents, and then went to farm- 
ing in section 16, Adrian township. There he remained until after 
the death of his father, when he removed to the Rent Oak farm, 
situated on a main thoroughfare one and a half miles from the city, 
and recognized as one of the most fertile pieces of land in the 
county. For many years he was engaged in agricultural pursuits, 
and in 1868 took up auctioneering, devoting his spare time to that 
occupation, at which he gained a wide reputation and which 
brought many demands for his services in that line. In 1882, in 
partnership with the late Levi Roath, he engaged in the sale of 
farm implements, the first place of business being on West Mau- 
mee street. Subsequently the growth of the business necessitated 
removal to larger quarters and the firm removed to 21 South 
Winter street. In 1891 the death of Mr. Roath dissolved the part- 
nership and from that time on until his death Mr. Van Doren con- 
ducted the business under his own name. He did not remove to 
the city until 1893, and when he did it w^as that he might give his 
children the better educational advantages afforded by the city 
schools. In the latter part of 1907, I\Ir. Van Doren's health began 
to show the effects of a busy life, and, although he was not con- 
fined to his home, his friends began to notice that his usual vigor 
was lacking. During the morning Feb. 10, 1908, he made a busi- 
ness trip to Blissfield, and returned at noon. After he had par- 
taken of the noonda)^ meal he left the house to clean the ice from his 
walk and had just reached the side porch when he Avas stricken 
with apoplexy. Friendly hands conveyed him into the house, and 
a physician w^as in attendance within a few minutes, but his weak- 
ened system could not withstand the shock and he breathed his 
last at 7:30 that evening. His passing cast a deep gloom over the 
entire county, for he was known as one of its most upright and 
enterprising business men and a lovable character whose friends 
were unlimited. He contributed liberally to the spiritual and mate- 
rial welfare of the Baptist church, of which he Avas a member, and 



y^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 263 

he stro\e in his daily Hfe to make of himself a worthy disciple 
of his Master. Fraternally he was prominently identified' with 
the Knights of the Maccabees and the Masonic order. On Christ- 
mas' day, 1866. was solemnized Mr. Van Doren's marriage to !\Iiss 
Sarah Catherine W'hitacre, daughter of Aaron and Ann Whitacre, 
of Dover township. Mrs. \Miitacre died in 1891 and her husband 
in 1889. To Mr. and Mrs. Van Doren were born five children. The 
only daughter, who married Ernest C. Smith, of Adrian township, 
makes her home on Chestnut street in Adrian ; Jacob C, who, on 
Nov. 10, 1891. was united in marriage to Miss Emma L. Johnson, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Johnson, of La Salle township, Mon- 
roe county, Michigan, purchased in September, 1908, of the admin- 
istrator of the estate the agricultural implement business formerly 
conducted by his father ; Chester John, superintendent of the 
cement plant at Chanute, Kan., who on Oct. 18, 1893, married 
Aliss Alice \Mlbur, by whom he had three children — Catherine, 
deceased, Wilbur and Ilene; H. Harry, a resident of Adrian, 
whose wife was formerly Miss Maud Abbott, a daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Eli Abbott, of Franklin township ; and Hugh died in 
infancy. Mrs. A^an Doren still lives in the home at 17 Toledo 
street, and also owns forty acres of land in Adrian township, and 
a farm of 180 acres in Franklin township. 

James B. Thorn was born in Jefferson township, Hillsdale 
county, Michigan, June 25, 1846. His father, James Henry Thorn, 
was one of the early settlers of Hillsdale county, and was very 
influential in shaping its aft'airs, his ripe judgment and keen in- 
tellectual powers making him a leader among men. He was born 
Jan. 20, 1816, in Dutchess county, Xew York, and was quite young 
when his father died, leaving a large family in rather straitened 
circumstances. He, however, managed to secure a good educa- 
tion, which was useful to him in his busy and honorable career 
in after life. James Henry Thorn remained in the state of New 
York until he was eighteen years ,of age, and then ambitiously 
decided to go to some w^estern territory and make a home and 
place for himself in the newly settled country. Actuated by that 
motive he came to ^lichigan in 1834 and stopped for a while in 
Detroit. From that place he went to Ypsilanti, and from there 
to Farmington, Oakland county, where he taught school. In the 
spring of that year the school treasury was practically bankru.pt, 
and he was able to collect but $50 of the $100 that was due him. 
He then explored Bean Creek valley in search of a suitable lo- 
cation to establish a home, and finally selected the northeast 
quarter of the southeast quarter of section 13. in what subse- 
quentlv became Jefferson township, Hillsdale county. The gov- 
ernment land office, at that time, was located at Monroe, where 
Mr. Thorn walked and entered his location with the land office. 
The date of his land entry ^vas May 21, 1835, and he was informed 
by the agent that he had the entire township to choose a location 
from as he was the first entrant in that section. After paying the 
register fee he found himself Avith but ten cents in money and the 
prospect of the walk back to his location. Nothing daunted by tliis 



264 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

lack of funds, his small coin was spent for cheese and crackers, and 
the walk to Tecumseh was only an incident to one of the conquer- 
ors of the wilderness. In the spring of 1836 he commenced the 
improvement of his land by erecting a log cabin for a habitation, and 
on Oct. 15, of that year, was married to Miss Mary Alonroe. who 
became the mistress of this little home and whose devotion to his 
interests throughout wedded life was only equalled by the forti- 
tude with which she bore the privations of their pioneer days. In 
the spring of 1843 the railroad, then called "The ^Michigan South- 
ern & Northern Indiana." was completed as far as Hudson. Re- 
newed efforts on the part of Hillsdale citizens were made and 
in the autumn of the same year the road was extended sixteen 
miles to Hillsdale, and the first locomotive began its regular trips. 
The road as it enters the township of Jefferson cuts the extreme 
northeast corner of the Thorn farm. In after years Air. Thorn 
replaced his log house with a substantial frame dwelling, erected 
other good frame buildings, cleared his land and added to it by 
subsequent purchase until he had a fine farm of 160 acres beauti- 
fully located near the village of Pittsford. This remained his home 
until his death, and the farm still remains the property of his 
family. He was engaged in mercantile pursuits successfully for a 
number of years, and was the first post master of his locality, then 
called Sparta, retaining that position for more than seventeen years 
or until 1861. Mr. Thorn was always a Democrat and was repeat- 
edly called to fill offfcial positions. He was supervisor for five 
years and justice of the peace for thirteen years, and filled other 
offices with credit and ability. He was very fond of music and his 
fine tenor voice was listened to with pleasure as he sang the church 
hymns and tunes he so dearly loved. His death, which occurred 
April II. 1885. was felt as a personal loss by every one in the com- 
munity where he had so long made his home. At the time of his 
death his wife had been dead many years, her death occurring Feb. 
19, 1852. To them were born six children, two of whom, Henry 
and Mary Malvina, died in infancy; Wray T., who died at Minden, 
Neb., May 28, 1893, aged fifty-three years; Eugene \V., who died 
at Des Moines, Iowa, Aug. 18, 1902, aged sixty years; Josephine 
. E. (Snow), living at Oakland, Cal. ; and James B., the subject of 
this review. He was married a second time to Sarah A. Dillon, 
who survives him, now eighty-four years of age (1909). and to 
them were born three children : Henry, of Chicago, 111. ; Mary, 
wife of M. F. Tuck, of Petersburg, Va. ; and Waldo, of Shawnee, 
Okla. James B. Thorn, the subject of this review, grew to man- 
hood in his native town and there at the district school and later 
in attendance at a select school in 'the village of Pittsford, received 
a substantial education which was further supplemented by a year 
at Hillsdale College. At the age of eighteen he commenced teach- 
ing and taught three terms of winter school in the village of Pitts- 
ford. and also three terms of district school. When school was 
not in session he was engaged as a clerk in a Pittsford store. On 
Aug. 27. 1871, Mr. Thorn was married to Miss Ellen C. Kilborn. 
Miss Kilborn was born Feb. 6, 1846, in Concord township, Jackson 



y 



BIOGRAPHICAL 265 

countv. and is the daughter of Luther C. and Chloe P. (Thayer) 
Kilbo'rn, natives of Vermont. They came to Michigan in 1845 and 
rented land in Jackson county for a few years, and in 1849 l^ought 
a farm in Concord township and there resided till 1859, when they 
sold and moved to Pittsford. The wife of the subject of this sketch 
was the eldest of four children — Rosilla A. (Patterson), of Pitts- 
ford township; Edgar C. of Seattle, Wash.; Jenette J. (Wilcox), of 
Pittsford township ; and Ellen. After his marriage Mr. Thorn 
taught school in Pittsford township for one term and then brought 
his "wife to Hudson and made that their home. He bought an 
insurance agency and in June, 1872, entered the bank of Boies, 
Rude & Co.] as bookkeeper and retained that position for thirteen 
years, gaining the full trust and confidence of his employers by his 
faithful devotion to their interests. During that time he retained 
his insurance business, finally disposing of it in January, 1886. He 
was appointed post master of Hudson by President Cleveland, 
which position he held for nearly four years and in the discharge 
of the duties of that office gave general satisfaction to the people 
of the community. When the private bank of Boies, Eaton & Co., 
was changed from a partnership to a state bank in 1892, under the 
name of the Boies State Savings Bank. Mr. Thorn was made vice- 
president, which position he held till 1894 and was then made cash- 
ier for two years and is now a member of the board of directors of 
that institution. Politically Mr. Thorn is a Democrat and was a 
member of the Democratic State Central Committee for four years. 
Notwithstanding the fact that Hudson is a town with a large 
Republican majority, Mr. Thorn stands so high in the regard of his 
fellow citizens as a man of ability and worth that he has been 
repeatedly elected to office without regard to his political connec- 
tions. He was elected township clerk in 1882 and was tAvice 
re-elected to that position. He was elected a member of the board 
of trustees of the Hudson Public Schools in 1881, and with the 
exception of one year has served continuously since, and when his 
present term expires he will have been a member of that board for 
twenty-nine years. He has been treasurer of the board for three 
years and president for seventeen years. Socially he belongs to 
Lebanon Lodge, No. 26, Free and Accepted Masons, and Lenadale 
Lodge, No. 63, Knights of Pythias, and was Grand Master of Ex- 
chequer of the latter order for four years. His home, on Grove 
street, is one of the many fine residences of the city. 

John A. Walker, the popular vice-president of the Maple City 
Granite Company, was born at Deerfield, Lenawee county, ^lichi- 
gan, July 31, 1870, the son of Peter and Lucinda (Clement) ^^'alker. 
The father was born in Baden. Germany, in 1841, and the mother in 
Rome township, Lenawee county. The father came to the United 
States alone when but nineteen years of age. and at the breaking 
out of the Civil war enlisted as a private in Company F. of the 
Fourth Michigan cavalry. This was the regiment that together with 
a detachment of the First Wisconsin cavalry captured President 
Jefiferson Davis, of the Confederacy. After the war he settled in 
Adrian and he and his wife are still living, their home being at 



266 MEMOIRS OF LEXAWEE COUNTY 

29 Coit Street. They had six children born to them. Louis Elmer, 
the eldest, was drowned in the Raisin river here on April 5, 1885; 
George H. lives in Chicago; Mrs. W. N. Salton lives in Tacoma, 
Wash. ; AVilliam Frederick is a brakeman on the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern railwav ; Lawrence L. lives in Adrian. The 
father is a stanch Republican in his political affiliations and a prom- 
inent member of Woodbury Post, No. 45, Grand Army of the 
Republic. One of the sons, George H., was the chief bugler of the 
Thirty-first Michigan infantry during the Spanish-American war, 
and as such traveled all over the island of Cuba. John A. Walker, 
the subject of this review, is the second child of his parents and 
received his educational advantages in the common schools of the 
county. When he had completed his scholastic training he learned 
the trade of granite cutting and for a number of years was engaged 
in it in this city and elsewhere. In 1900 he embarked in the busi- 
ness under his own name, and two years later formed the partner- 
ship with Messrs. Johnson and Anderson, which has been so suc- 
cessful as the Maple City Granite Company, and of which he has 
been vice-president ever since its inception. There is no detail of 
the industry which he does not thoroughly know, and his twenty- 
one years of experience in the business speak well for the standard of 
work turned out by the company. Fraternally Mr. Walker is iden- 
tified with the Knights of the Alaccabees, is a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodman of America, and was a corporal in the local com- 
mand of the Sons of Veterans until they disbanded. On June 25, 
1903. Mr. ^^^alker was united in marriage to Miss Allie May Pix- 
ley, a daughter of Dr. G. A. Pixley, of Adrian. Mrs. Walker was 
born at Petersburg, Monroe county, and was educated in the 
Adrian schools. They have no children. The Walker home is a 
fine residence at 14 West Church street. 

John M. Vetter, a prominent dealer in wines, liquors and 
cigars in Adrian, was born in Toledo, Ohio, March 13, 1878, the son 
of Joseph and Mary (Keip) V^etter. Both parents were born in 
Germany and are now living at No. 8 Ormsby street, Adrian, the 
father being engaged as a teamster. Of the eight children born to 
the parents seven grew to maturity. They are Mary, at home ; 
Josephine, the wife of Henry Payment, who also lives with her par- 
ents ; Anna, now Mrs. Louise Meining, of Toledo ; Matilda, at 
home; Louise, the wife of Harry Lees, of Adrian; John M., of this 
sketch ; and Louis, who lives at Muskegon, Mich. All were edu- 
cated in the German Catholic School of Adrian. When John M. 
finished his scholastic training he started to learn the machinist's 
trade, but later engaged in the liquor business, in which he has 
been occupied now for the past fifteen years. Since 1905 he has 
conducted a well furnished, modern and orderly sample room at 
Maumee and Tecumseh streets, and his conscientious attention to 
business has won him well deserved success. He is independent 
of political parties, exercising his right of suflfrage for the man and 
measures he believes will do the most good for the communit5^ 
Fraternally he is identified with the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the 
German Workingmen's Society, and the St. Joseph's Society. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL 267 

is also a large policy-holder in the New York Life Insurance Com- 
pany. Reared as a German Catholic, he is today one of the stanch 
adherents of that faith. On June 13, 1902, Mr. Vetter was united 
in marriage to Miss Cynthia May White, a daughter of Elmer 
White, of Adrian. To this union have been born two children — 
Ursil and ^^'alter, now four and three years of age, respectively. 

Louis Vogt, a prominent German citizen and an undertaker of 
Adrian, was born in La Porte, Ind., on July 9, 1868, the son of 
Valentine and ]\lary (Sautter) Vogt. The parents were both born 
in Germany and were married in La Porte, and they celebrated the 
fiftieth anniversary of their wedding on April 16, 1907. They both 
came to the United States in 1854 and the father found employ- 
ment at his trade, that of upholsterer, in the shops of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern railway at La Porte, Ind. His con- 
nection with that corporation continued for forty-six years, part 
of the time in La Porte, seven years in Chicago, and the balance 
of the time in Adrian. In 1907 he retired to enjoy the fruits of a 
well spent life, and he and his wife are now living quietly in 
Adrian. Four sons and three daughters were born to the parents, 
of whom one daughter and three sons are now living. In order 
of birth the survivors are George, of Chicago ; Louis ; John, of 
Albany, N. Y. ; and Mrs. George Ulrich, of Kenton, Ohio. Louis 
Vogt, to whom this review is dedicated, received his early educa- 
tional advantages in St. Joseph's German Catholic Parochial School 
and the local high school, and then learned the upholstering trade 
of his father. In 1883 he embarked in the business under his own 
name and conducted it successfully for a number of years. In 1896 
he added to his business an undertaking establishment, and his 
trade in the. latter line has become so large within the past few 
years that he devotes practically all his time to it. Mr. Vogt does 
all the undertaking work for the Germans of the city, and is nicely 
located in a building which he owns at 80 East Maumee street, 
where he carries a full and modern line of everything essential 
to his business. He also has an ambulance and black and white 
hearses. Although he is rather independent of political parties, he 
has strong Democratic proclivities. In religious matters he is affil- 
iated with the St. Joseph's German Catholic Church. Fraternally 
he is allied with the Catholic Mutual Benefit Association, and the 
German Workingmen's Association. On April 23, 1895, ^^^- Vogt 
married Miss Elizabeth Fisher, a daughter of "the late Charles 
Fisher, of Adrian. They have one daughter — Genevieve X., now 
ten years of age. 

Norman B. Washburn is a prominent figure among the enter- 
l)rising and progressive business men of Adrian. He is a native 
of Adrian, born Aug. 13, 1849. the thirteenth child in his father's 
family. His father was Ezra Allen AVashburn. of whom a sketch 
appears elsewhere in this work. Norman B. Washl)urn received 
his education in the public schools of his native county, and in 
1865 learned telegraphy on the old United States line that ran 
through Adrian, being instructed by Seymour Murray, .but just 
as he had mastered the art the telegraph lines were consolidated. 



268 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

and he found employment with the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern raih'oad in the bridge department. For two years Mr. 
AVashburn remained with the raih'oad and then resigned to learn 
the moulder's trade, which he followed for a number of years. In 
1868 he learned bricklaying, and worked at both until 1886, when 
he gave up moulding altogether and has since been engaged as a 
contractor. Mr. Washburn has the honor of being the second 
cement sidewalk builder in Adrian. He began to work with cement 
in 1887 and now does general cement contracting of all kinds. 
Within recent years he has engaged in the manufacture of cement 
blocks, which are fast superseding stone for foundation work. He 
manufactures a block that makes a hollow wall, but the blocks 
themselves are not hollow. Such a wall will keep frost from pene- 
trating any cellar. Many of the foundations in Adrian have been 
made by Mr. Washburn and he has also built houses of his cement 
blocks, a notable example being the home of his son, Frederick A., 
constructed in 1907. Half the sidewalks in the city of Adrian have 
been laid by Mr. Washburn, who has made a great success in 
this line of cement construction. In addition to his chief business 
interests, he is a stockholder in the Page W^oven Wire Fence Com- 
pany and the Lamb Woven Wire Fence Company, both established 
in Adrian, and is also a stockholder and a director of the Britton 
Pressed Brick Company, of Britton, Mich., with main offices at 
Ann Arbor, Mich. Mr. Washburn has strong Democratic proclivi- 
ties in the matter of politics and is a great admirer of William 
Jennings Bryan, but is bound by no party. Four years ago he voted 
for Roosevelt, but in local politics he exercises his right of fran- 
chise for the man he believes will best fill the office. He formerly 
took an active part in the councils of the Democratic party, and 
in 1887 and 1888 had the honor of representing his district in the 
state legislature as the candidate of that organization. At present 
he holds the responsible position of building inspector of Adrian. 
Fraternally he is prominent in the Masonic order in Adrian, having 
taken the degree of Knight Templar. On Dec. 24, 1874, Mr. Wash- 
burn was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth A. Ashworth, the 
daughter of Frederick O. Ashworth, of Trenton, N. J., where the 
marriage was solemnized. For some months before his death Mr. 
Ashworth made his home in Adrian with his daughter. Mrs. Wash- 
burn's mother still lives with her, and although she has reached 
the hale old age of eighty-two years, she retains her faculties to 
a wonderful degree. In 1908 she took a journey from Adrian to 
Courtland, N. Y., to visit a son in the latter city. Mrs. Washburn 
was born in Trenton, N. J., but received her education in Boston, 
Mass., where her parents lived for some years. Nine months after 
her birth, her parents went to England, and upon their return 
some years later, settled in Boston, where Mrs. Washburn received 
the benefits of an exceptional educational training. Four children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Washburn. Ada is now the wife 
of Ezra D. Beck, the pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church at 
New Comerstown, Ohio ; Frederick A. is engaged in the cement 
business in Adrian, working with his father; Bertha is the wife 



BIOGRAPHICAL 269 

of Percy Sherman, a bookkeeper of the Adrian Knitting- Works ; 
and Edna is the wife of John Flatt, a printer, of Toledo, Ohio. All 
the children were born in Adrian, and the three dauohters are 
graduates of the Adrian High School. Mr. and Mrs. AX'ashburn 
live at y}^ Dennis street, where he owns his home, besides which 
he owns property on College avenue. The hrst piece of property 
he ever owned was at 13 Hunt street, and his successful career 
seems to refute the old superstition that thirteen is an unlucky 
number. 

Ezra Allen Washburn, deceased, was the descendant of a fine 
old Xew England stock. He was born June i, 1807, at Middlebury, 
Vt., where his father was a merchant. Later the father moved to 
Lockport, N. Y. The elder \\'ashburn was a public spirited man 
and took an active interest in local affairs, being elected justice of 
the peace in Lockport, in which capacity he served for some time 
and subsequently had the honor to represent the Lockport district 
in the state assembly. When the Erie Canal was built, the father 
secured some of the contracts for the construction of that very 
important highway of commerce. Upon the completion of the 
canal in Xew York, he went to Pennsylvania and made many canal 
improvements in that state. Ezra's mother was Clarissa Allen, 
through whom he traces his ancestry directly back to the famous 
Ethan Allen, the leader of the "Green Mountain Boys" during 
the War of the Revolution, and the leader who captured the forts 
of Ticonderoga and Crown Point, held by the British in 1775. 
Ezra went to Lockport with his parents and on March 21. 1828, 
was united in marriage to Mary L. Hall, the daughter of Xehemiah 
Hall, a farmer of Monroe county, Xew York. They became the 
parents of thirteen children, eight boys and five girls. Seven of 
the children are living. Eugenia M. Chase, a widow, resides in 
Adrian ; Mary F. Gifford, a widow, also resides in Adrian ; Ezra A., 
Jr., of Lansing, Mich. ; Martin E., of Adrian ; Mrs. Melvin D. Wood, 
of Adrian; Lura M. Anderson, a widow, residing in Adrian; and 
Xi^orman B., of whom a sketch appears elsewhere in this work. 
All but the two eldest brothers, Daniel G. and Roswell A., natives 
of Xew York state, were born in Adrian. The two eldest served 
during those dark days of the Civil war. In 183 1 Air. Washburn 
determined to take advantage of the greater opportunities oflfered 
in the then Territory of Michigan. With his wife and two chil- 
dren he migrated from Xew York and located in Lenawee county, 
purchasing" a government claim just south of the city of Adrian. 
After living- there some time, he sold the place to Jesse Treadwell, 
and with the money thus secured bought land from Samuel Maples, 
about one mile south of the present Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railroad station. Subsequently he disposed of this place 
with profit and moved to Adrian, where he conducted a meat 
market for some time. Having a natural desire for the work, he 
became a \eterinary surgeon, a profession in which he met with 
marked success. In 1836 Mr. Washburn was appointed sheriff 
by Stephen T. Mason, acting governor of the territory, to fill a 
vacancv. and held that office for over a vear, until Michigan was 



270 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

admitted as a state on Jan. 26, 1837. -^^ the Xovember election of 
1836, he became the candidate for sheriff on a split Democratic 
ticket, but was defeated b}^ J. H. Cleveland. In April, 1858, he 
was elected alderman of Adrian, and chosen chairman of the com- 
mittee on streets, where he performed efficient service while the 
city was building bridges, culverts, and generally improving the 
thoroughfares. Mr. \^'ashburn was a public spirited man and 
entered heartily into all suggested improvements of the city and 
its government. He was the champion of reform, whether local 
or national, and gained a high place in the esteem of the com- 
munity by his incorruptibility, impartial judgment and kind heart. 
He was liberal and willing to help those in need. He died Dec. 
26. 1862. and his wife survived him until 1894. 

Ira Waterman, the secretary and manager of the National 
Voting Machine Company, was born in Seneca county. Xew York, 
May 13. 1852. being the son of Dennison R. and Sarah A. (' Camber) 
Waterman. Both parents were born and reared in Xew York state, 
where they met and married. Mr. and Mrs. Waterman came to 
Lenawee county, ]\Iichigan, and settled in the township of Dover 
in 1853, when Ira was but one year old. The father purchased 
property one mile west of Dover Center, and there he reared his 
family of four children, of wdiom Ira, of this sketch, w^as the eldest. 
There were two boys and two girls : Ira, in Adrian ; Mrs. E. R. 
Barrett, of Jackson, Mich. ; John G., now a resident of Indianapolis ; 
and Louise, who is the wife of Irving Chase, of Gavlord. Mich. 
The three youngest children were born in Dover township and 
received their elementary education there. After passing through 
the graded schools, Ira Waterman attended the high school at 
Adrian, and subsequenth^ took a course in the state normal school 
at Ypsilanti. His father died in his eighty-third year, his death 
occurring in Addison village. The mother died at Jackson some 
time later, at the age of eighty-two, and the remains of both are 
interred at Hudson, ]\Iich. After leaving the Ypsilanti X'ormal, 
Mr. ^^'aterman taught in the graded schools for ten years, after 
which he became principal of the schools at Hudson, and held that 
responsible position for nearly eleven years. It was with great 
regret that the people of Hudson learned that ]\Ir. Waterman was 
to sever his connection with the schools when he was elected county 
clerk of Lenawee county, and w^ent to Adrian to live in 1890. Mr. 
Waterman was elected on a Democratic ticket in a county that is 
known to have a large Republican majority, and the high esteem 
in w^hich he is held by the residents of the county, regardless of 
politics, was established by his election. When he completed his 
four 3'ears' service to the county, Mr. Waterman determined to 
make his residence in Adrian. He is a very public spirited man 
and is always active in the interests that affect the welfare of the 
community. He has been one of the trustees of the school board 
of Adrian for three years and is still active in educational affairs 
in a general way. Since 1894 Mr. Waterman has been connected 
with various commercial enterprises, and is noAv the secretar}^ and 
manager of the X'ational A-'oting Machine Company, which is con- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 27 1 

ducting a large business. Fraternally he is prominently identified 
with the Masonic order, being a Knight Templar and a member 
of the Eastern Star. On Dec. 27, 1876, Mr. Waterman was united 
in marriage with Miss Ellen Bennett, the daughter of John L. 
Bennett, who belonged, to one of the old pioneer families of Rome 
township. Mr. Bennett passed away in 1899, but his widow is 
still living and resides with Mr. and Mrs. Waterman. Mrs. Water- 
man was born in Hudson township and received her early educa- 
tion there. Subsequently she attended the Medina Academy. The 
Waterman and Bennett families lived within four miles of each 
other in the country and were well acquainted. In 1861 Mr. Water- 
man's father sold his farm and bought another in Clayton village, 
which he had platted as a town and sold about 1875. He then 
bought land in Raisin township, but subsequently sold that also 
and moved to Addison, where he lived until the time of his death. 
Franklin C. Whitmarsh, a progressive farmer of Palmyra town- 
ship, was born in that township on July 31, 1867. He is the son 
of Charles C. and Adeline (Mann) Whitmarsh, the former born in 
Massachusetts in March, 1830, and the latter in Ohio in June, 1837. 
The father came to this township with his parents in 1834, and 
settled with them on the farm where he still resides, the property 
coming into his possession at the time of the grandfather's death. 
Besides the business of farming, and although eighty years of age, 
he deals in cyclone and fire insurance throughout the county. The 
mother is still living also. Four children were born to the parents. 
Jennie is the wife of Orson Archer, a farmer in Palmyra township ; 
Emma is the wife of James Weter, state senator from Richmond, 
Mich., and a member of the firm of Weter, Fanning & Company, 
wholesale produce dealers at Richmond ; George resided on the 
old homestead until his death on March 15, 1909; and Franklin C. 
is the subject of this review. The last named received his educa- 
tional training in the district schools of Palmyra township. With 
the exception of one year, when he was with his brother-in-law 
at Richmond, he remained with his parents until he was seventeen 
years of age. When he left farm work he became baggageman 
at Lenawee Junction, in which position and as extra brakeman on 
the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railway he was employed 
for two years. During the following four years he was regular 
baggageman, and while thus employed devoted his extra time to 
mastering the art of telegraphy. For fourteen years he worked 
as an operator, eight years of the time as night operator. When he 
severed his connection with the road he purchased thirty acres of 
land where he now lives, and has since been successfully engaged 
in its management, besides operating the farm of his father-in-law. 
He devotes his attention to the general business of farming, not 
specializing in any one branch of the science, and today has one of 
the best equipped and most modern places in the county. His 
success in life has been largely due to his habits of industry and 
enterprise and his ability to confine his attention to the business 
at hand. Fraternally Mr. Whitmarsh is associated with the Ma- 
sonic order and the Knights of the ISIaccabees. Although in his 



272 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

political relations he has given staunch support to the men and 
measures of the Republican party he has never been an aspirant 
for public office. On June 1, 1893, Air. Whitmarsh was happily 
married to Miss Gertrude Colvin, born in Palmyra township on 
March 26, 1865, the daughter of William and Clara (Mitchell) 
Colvin. Mr. and Mrs. Colvin were natives of the same town- 
ship, and the former, who was born in 1835, died on April 14, 1907, 
some years after his wife's demise, which occurred Dec. 25, 1903. 
Two children have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Whitmarsh, namelv : ^^'illiam Colvin, born Aj^ril 2, 1898, and Doris 
Adeline, born June 8, 1900. 

John Warren Osborn, deceased, for many years one of the 
prominent figures in the agricultural life of Palmyra township, was 
born in Sodus, N. Y., Nov. 19, 1830, a son of George and Rachael 
(Paddock) 'Osborn. The father was born at Haverstraw, Rock- 
land county, New York, Aug. 15, 1802, and died in Palmyra town- 
ship, June 13, 1872. The mother, who was some years younger than 
the father, survived him for fifteen years. When six months old, 
John Warren Osborn, the subject of this review, came to Lenawee 
county with his parents, who located on a farm in Adrian town- 
ship. Six years later they removed to a farm in Madison town- 
ship, and it was in the district schools of that township that Mr. 
Osborn received his scholastic training. The early years of his 
manhood w'ere devoted to helping his father in the management 
of the farm, but in 1861, with a party of twenty young men, he 
made a perilous overland journey to seek his fortune in the gold 
fields of California, and spent three years in the mining sections 
of the western state. ]Many adventures befell him, and in his later 
years his tales of hardship and privation proved of great interest 
to his many friends. Upon his return to Lenawee county he estab- 
lished a successful live stock business, shipping to eastern mar- 
kets, but subsequently turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, 
in which he met with an eciual success. He was a man of great in- 
herent ability, thrifty and industrious, and his efforts brought well- 
merited results. His religious belief found expression by member- 
ship in the Baptist church. Although he gave staunch support to 
the men and measures of the Democratic party, he never sought 
public preferment for himself. Fraternally he had no other inter- 
est than his membership in the Adrian lodge of the Masonic order, 
in which he always took a leading and able part. Mr. Osborn's 
death resulted from a fall from a ladder, the injuries received re- 
sulting fatally two years after the accident. He was a man of great 
kindness of heart, a loving and indulgent husband and father, up- 
right, honorable and honest in all his dealings with his fellow men. 
On Nov. 19, 1880, was solemnized Mr. Osborn's marriage to Miss 
Margaret Farquhar, a native of New York, and the daughter of 
James and Margaret (Graham) Farquhar. Her father was of 
Scotch descent, was born in 1802 and died May 14, 1877, and her 
mother, a native of Ireland and some years younger than her hus- 
band, died when in her fortieth year. They were the parents of 
five children, but two of whom, Mrs. Osborn and Samuel, a carpen- 




JOHN WAREEN OSBOEN 



THE N'EW YORK 
PUBLIC MPRARY 



ASrO!*;, LFNOX AND 
TILDSN F?UNDAT10NS 



BIOGRAPHICAL 27^ 

I 

ter residing in Peoria, III., survive. Mr. and Mrs. Osborn had no 
children of their own, but in 1896 they adopted a daughter, Gladys 
Margaret, born March 6, 1892. This daughter now makes her home 
with the widowed mother on the home farm of seventy-seven acres. 
Daniel Farquhar, a nephew of Mrs. Osborn, is staying with her and 
managing the home farm. 

George Webb, a prominent dealer in stock and grain, residing 
in Palmyra, was born in Erie township, Monroe county, Michigan, 
June 1, 1846. He is the son of William and Mary (Carroll) Webb, 
both natives of the Emerald Isle. The father followed agricultural 
pursuits in Ireland, but after coming to the United States in 1839, 
shortly after his marriage, he located at Lockport, N. Y., and found 
employment on the canal. After four years in the Empire State, he 
came to Monroe county, Michigan, and purchased a farm, which 
he operated for eleven years, when he disposed of it, and came to 
Palmyra township, landing there March 5, 1854. There he pur- 
chased a farm three miles northeast of Palmyra and resided on it 
till his death, which occurred May 11, 1860, in his forty-sixth year. 
The mother lived on the homestead until she was eighty-nine years 
of age, her death occurring on Dec. 22, 1892. George Webb's 
educational advantages were limited to the courses afforded by the 
district school. No. 1, of Palmyra township. He remained at home 
with his mother until he was nineteen years of age, and then went 
to Ohio, where for two years hes was employed in a stone quarry. 
At the end of that time he returned to the homestead, having mean- 
time purchased it of the mother and the other heirs, and for thirty 
years was successfully engaged in its conduct. Beside the general 
business of farming, he owned and operated a threshing outfit and 
a hay baling outfit, both of which brought him a goodly income 
beside that derived from the sale of his farm products. Some years 
ago he rented his farm and moved into the village of Palmyra, 
where he is now lucratively engaged in the selling and buying of 
live stock and grain. Fraternally Mr. Webb is allied with the 
Knights of the Maccabees, and his wife has for the last four years 
been the commander of the Palmyra Lodge of the Ladies of the 
Maccabees. In the matter of politics he espouses the cause of 
Democracy, and as the candidate of that party has served as town- 
ship treasurer and held various town offices. He was reared in 
the Catholic faith and is today a communicant of St. Mary's Church 
of that denomination in Adrian. Mr. Webb has been twice married. 
In 1867 he was united in marriage to Miss Debbie Howell, a native 
of Ireland, who came to the United States with her parents while 
still a child. Her father was for many years a farmer in Huron 
county, Ohio, but he and his wife are now deceased. Mrs. Webb 
died June 22, 1891, leaving four children. William A., born Scot. 
24, 1868, is the agent of the American Express Company at Toledo; 
Margaret, born March 14, 1870, is unmarried and lives in Toledo 
with her brother; Henry, born April 1, 1874, is a mechanic employed 
at Luckev, Ohio; and Mary, born March 16, 1881, is a stenographer 
employed in Toledo. On May 24, 1893, Mr. Webb married Miss 
Mary E. Lennon, born in Palmyra township, Aug. 30, 1849, the 



274 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

daughter of Patrick and Eliza (McMahan) Lennon. Mr. Lennon 
was born in Ireland on Aug. 15, 1812, and came to this country 
when a young man. The mother was also born in the Emerald 
Isle, her birth having occurred on March 15, 1817. She came to 
this country when about eighteen years of age, and was married in 
Palmyra township. Mr. Lennon mastered the trade of stone- 
mason in Ireland, and for a year after his arrival in the United 
States followed the same calling in Brooklyn. Thence he went to 
Rochester, N. Y., for another twelve months, and then came to 
Michigan. Here he purchased forty acres of land in Palmyra 
township, the transfer to him being the second from the govern- 
ment. There he resided for sixty years after his marriage, or until 
his death on Dec. 6, 1888, twenty years of the time in a log house 
which he erected near on old Indian trail in the midst of the dense 
forest on his land, and the balance of the time in a frame house 
which he later erected. Prior to his death, he purchased an addi- 
tional forty-acre tract adjoining his first purchase, and at the time 
of his death fie owned a fine eighty-acre farm. When Mr. Lennon 
built his cabin and removed to it, all kinds of game, such as bear, 
deer, wolves, foxes, squirrels and wild turke}-, was very plentiful, 
and he often depended on his trusty rifle for fresh meat. Deer 
could be seen from the cabin any day, and frequently came up with 
the cattle in the evening. Mrs. Lennon passed away just fifteen 
months after her husband's demise, her death occurring on March 
11, 1890. Five children were born to them. John Lennon is a 
farmer in Palmyra township; Edward is a passenger conductor on 
the Southern Pacific railroad, his division being between El Paso, 
Tex., and a point in Arizona, his train, "The Golden State Limited," 
being the finest passenger train on the road ; James is a resident of 
Kansas, engaged in agricultural pursuits; JNIargaret, now deceased, 
became the wife of Thomas Gahan, to them were born five children, 
and all are now deceased, including both parents ; Mary became 
Mrs. Webb. No children were born to the second union of Air. 
Webb. 

Wilber West, retired, was born in Norwich, Ontario, Canada, 
on Feb. 23, 1827, the son of Benjamin and Polly (Disbrow) West. 
The father was born in Dutchess county. New York, Nov. 14, 1782, 
and the mother on Sept. 27, 1789, in Connecticut. The home of 
the mother's parents was near the scene of one of the battles of the 
Revolutionary war, a cannon ball passing through the house. The 
father of Mr. West came to Adrian in 1844, and subsequently pur- 
chased 160 acres in Raisin township, eighty acres of which the son, 
Wilber, now owns. The mother died on Jan. 31, 1849, and the 
father's demise occurred on Oct. 6, 1859. Wilbert West received 
his education in the public schools of Canada and Michigan, and 
has followed the occupations of farming and mechanic all his life. 
For six years he was employed by one of the large railway corpora- 
tions, and four years of the time he had charge of various con- 
struction jobs. The Alexandria depot, thirty by eighty feet, the 
bridge over the White river north of Anderson, some 1,200 feet in 
length, the turntable and the four-stall roundhouse and the freight 



BIOGRAPHICAL 275 

house and depot at Anderson are monuments to his ability. During 
his last two years he was superintendent of bridges and depots. 
His wafe's brother, Allen G. Wells, was division superintendent of 
the road, and it was under him that Mr. West labored. While away 
on this work, the family continued to reside on the old homestead, 
and when he resigned his position with the corporation he returned 
to the farm and managed it until his retirement a few years ago, 
to enjoy the fruits of a well spent life. In his political relations 
he has always been a staunch Republican, and has held various 
official positions. Before he was twenty-one years of age he was a 
school director, and has also been justice of the peace, highway 
commissioner and drainage commissioner. He is a free thinker 
in religious matters, believing that the standard of right living is 
not determined by the blind following of creed or sect. Mr. West 
and his wiie at one time were members of the local lodge of the 
State Grange at Wellsville, and he also belongs to the Masonic 
order. On July 3, 1847, Air. West was united in marriage to Miss 
Comfort Caroline Wells, born in New York state on June 4, 1830. 
Her parents came to Raisin towmship in 1839, and purchased 240 
acres of land, where they lived for a number of years, and the 
mother of Mrs. West died there. Mr. Wells later removed to Bliss- 
field, where he died. To Mr. and Mrs. West came the following 
children to bless the union : Deborah May, born Oct. 3, 1848; James 
Alphonso, born Aug. 20, 1850, died in infancy; James Alphonso, 
born Dec. 19. 1852; John Alonzo, born July 24, i860, died in 
infancy; Ida A., born May 23, 1862; Adella, born April 29, 1868; 
and John Alonzo, born Feb. 6, 1871. John Alonzo, the youngest, 
is the only one of the children that now lives in Raisin township. 
In 1895 he accepted a position as brakeman on the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern railway but two years later he returned to the 
home farm. Subsequently he became a conductor on the Hocking 
Valley railroad, and held the position for a period of three years, 
resigning to return to the farm and take charge of its manage- 
ment. In politics he is a Republican and has served the district 
as school moderator. In 1897 he married Miss Ella Morey, a 
daughter of Maximilian and Anna Morey, of Blissfield township, 
natives of France. John A. West is a member of the Knights of 
the Maccabees and of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. 

Henry Harrison Wilber, M. D., a well known medical practi- 
tioner of Blissfield, was born in Onondaga county. New York, Feb. 
28, 1844. He is the son of Ransom and Hannah (Cummings) Wil- 
ber, both natives of the same county in the Empire State, where 
they were born in 1813 and 1818, respectively. The father was a 
millwright by trade and worked at that vocation in New York 
state until 1857, when he determined to take advantage of the 
opportunities offered in the new state of Michigan. He accordingly 
came west to Branch county, where he bought 160 acres of land 
and erected a saw mill. He cut the timber he used and did con- 
siderable custom work, continuing to run his mill until 1895, when 
he retired from active business and enjoyed a well earned rest from 
labor and the activities of many years until March 25, 1909, when 



'276 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

he passed away in his ninety-fifth year. He resided on the farm he 
boug-ht in 1857, near Quincy, Mich., and made his home with his 
daughter, Mary, until his death. Mrs. W^ilber died in Branch 
county, Michigan, March 3, 1894. The following children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Wilber : Charlotte, now Mrs. Loomis, of 
Coldwater, ]\Iich. ; Harvey, killed while yardmaster of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern railroad yards at Toledo, Ohio ; Sarah, 
now Mrs. Fay, who resides at East Jordon, Mich.; Mary, now Mrs. 
Germond, who lives on the old homestead ; Maria and Lovicy, who 
both died in Branch county in 1859; Edward, who lives at Owosso, 
Mich. ; Lillian, now Mrs. Sherman, living at Quincy, Mich. ; and 
Henry, the subject of this sketch. During his younger days 
Henry H. Wilber was educated in the public schools of Onondaga 
county, New York. He was thirteen years old when his parents 
came to Michigan, and after they had settled in their new home 
he worked on his father's farm in the summer season and attended 
the district school in the winter months, until i860, when he entered 
the employ of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad Com- 
pany as a fireman. After eleven months he became an extra engi- 
neer, and filled that position until the fall of 1861, when he enlisted 
in Battery C, First Alichigan Light Artillery. This regiment was 
composed of twelve ba,tteries, of six guns each. Battery C was 
organized at Grand Rapids, mustered in Nov. 28, 1861, and left the 
state on Dec. 17. It was first engaged at Farmington, Miss.; was 
in the siege of Corinth ; fought at luka in September, and per- 
formed most efficient work at the battle of Corinth in October. It 
was engaged at Lumpkin's Mill, where two 6i the enemy's guns 
were disabled, and passed the winter at Oxford and Corinth. Mr. 
Wilber was with the batter}^ in all these actions, and with it was 
stationed in Memphis during the summer of 1863. In 1864 the 
battery was under Sherman in the movement on Atlanta, partici- 
pating at Resaca, Dallas, Big Shanty, Kenesaw Mountain, Nicka- 
jack Creek, Decatur and the siege of Atlanta, and was in an engage- 
ment near Savannah in December. It left that city on Jan. 4, 
1865, for South Carolina, fought at the South Edisto river and 
Cheraw, where it assisted in the capture of eight guns. Later the 
organization fought at Fayetteville, South River and Bennington. 
It reached Washington, Alay 23, and was mustered out at Detroit 
on June 22, 1865. after four years of fighting. Upon his return 
from the army, Mr. Wilber attended the Hillsdale College one 
term, then again entered the employ of the railroad, but worked 
for that corporation but a short time before he determined to make 
the practice of medicine his life work. With this end in view he 
attended the Eclectic jMedical College, at Cincinnati, Ohio, one 
term, and first established himself at Albion, N. Y., but after thir- 
teen years returned to Quincy, Mich. There he remained until he 
came to Blissfield in 1882, where he has since resided. He built 
up a large practice and accumulated a sufficient competency to 
allow him to retire from active life some years ago, and he is now 
enjoying a well deserved rest. Dr. Wilber is what the world calls 
a self-made man, having been dependent upon his own exertion 



BIOGRAPHICAL 277 

all his life, and owes his present position to himself alone. In poli- 
tics he is independent and votes as his conscience dictates. He is a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic. On Sept. 20, 1866, 
at Ouincy, Mich., Dr. Wilber was united in marriage to Miss Ellen 
Gage, daughter of Isaac and Polly (Williams) Gage. Mr. Gage 
was a native of Vermont and his wife was born in New York state. 
Mrs. Wilber was born in Orleans county, New York, Feb. 28, 
1849, and came to Branch county, Michigan, with her parents. 
Mrs. Gage died in 1872. Her husband survived her until 1885, in 
which year he died at Ouincy. One child was born to Dr. and Mrs. 
Wilber, Freddie H., who lives in Blissfield, and is associated with 
the Wesley Dry Goods Company.* 

Louis Wickter, a substantial and thrifty agriculturist of Pal- 
myra township, was born at St. Clements, Waterloo county, 
Ontario, Canada, Oct. 4, 185 1. He is of German descent, his 
parents, Stephen and Dora (Eich) Wickter, having been born in 
the Fatherland and came to Canada about 1833. The father fol- 
lowed the mason's calling in the old country, but after coming to 
Canada he purchased a farm, upon which both he and the mother 
spent the balance of their lives. Louis Wickter was the eighth 
child in order of birth of the nine children born to his parents. The 
limited ediicational training he received was that afforded by the 
public schools in the vicinity of his boyhood home. He remained 
in the parental home until he was fourteen years of age, when the 
force of circumstances made it necessary for him to become a 
bread winner. For some years he worked at any employment 
which offered, and in 1869 made his way to Lenawee county. Dur- 
ing the first two years of his residence here he worked for a Mr. 
Allen, from whom he received the small remuneration of $20 a 
month. For a year following he was variously employed and then 
found a permanent position in the gas plant. There he remained 
for nine successive years, the last five as foreman, and by his 
practice of thrift and economy, managed to save sufffcient of his 
earnings to purchase sixty acres of land, which is a part of his pres- 
ent farm, and when he severed his connection with the gas company 
it was to engage in agricultural pursuits on his own land. Since 
that time he has added twenty acres to the original tract, so that 
now he has eighty acres of as fine arable soil as can be found in 
the county, and the place as a whole is well equipped with modern 
'improvements, etc. Mr. Wickter anticipates spending the balance 
of his life on the place and has made all the improvements with a 
view of making it a permanent home. Besides this property he 
holds the title to some valuable realty in Adrian. In' the matter 
of politics Mr. Wickter is a staunch supporter of the principles 
of the Democratic party, but has never become an as])irant for 
official honors. He was reared in the Roman Catholic faith, but 
his wife is a member of the Lutheran church, in which he now 
worships. On Sept. 18, 1877, Mr. Wickter married Miss Margaret 
Burkhardt, born in Huron county, Michigan, Aug. 7, 1856, the 
daughter of Anthony and Katherine (Colemier) Burkhardt. both 
born in Germany. The former came to the United States when a 



278 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

young man. He was a shoemaker by trade, and when the Civil 
war broke out he enlisted at Covington, Ind., as a private in an 
Indiana infantry regiment, for which he did all the cobbling during 
his three years of service. After the war he settled in Norwalk, 
Huron county, Ohio, where he died as a result of tuberculosis of 
the lungs, contracted while in the army. Mrs. Burkhardt resided 
in Norwalk for a number of years after her husband's death, and 
then removed to Toledo, Ohio, where she died in November, 1907. 
Mrs. Wickter was the eldest of the seven children born to her 
parents. Ten children have been the issue of the marriage of Mr. 
and Mrs. ^^"ickter. Emma, born June 11, 1878, is the wife of Orson 
Young, a veteran of the Spanish-American war, and now a farmer 
in Palmyra township; Lawrence, born Sept. 18, 1879, is telegraph 
operator and station agent at Sylvania, Ohio ; Joseph, born March 
6, 1881, died March 7, 1906; Margaret, born Oct. 12, 1884, is the 
wife of Thomas King, a butcher of Ogden Center, Mich. ; Georgia, 
born Nov. 3, 1886, is a teacher at Ousted, Lenawee county; Marion, 
born Aug. 18, 1888, is the wife of Clarence Bruce, a farmer resid- 
ing in Blissfield township; Dora, born Nov. 29, 1890, died Feb. 2, 
1894; Frank, born July 5, 1893, ^s attending the Adrian High 
School ; Clarence and Helen Harriet, born respectively Sept. 30, 
1897, and Aug. 11, 1900, live at home with their parents. 

Frank E. Willbee, one of the members of the firm known as 
the Willbee-AIorse Vault Company, was born in Adrian on Jan. 
25, 1865. He is the son of Charles and Elizabeth (Dickens) Will- 
bee, both natives of England, where they w^ere married. They came 
to the United States in 1856, making the trip in a sailing vessel 
which took seven weeks in the passage. From New York they 
came by boat to Dunkirk, thence by rail to Adrian. The father 
worked at various things for about a year and then secured employ- 
ment in the blacksmith shops of the Lake Shore & Alichigan 
Southern railway, where he remained until he was made sexton 
of Oakwood Cemetery in 1867. In January, 1896, he retired and 
lived quietly until his death, which occurred on Oct. 23, 1906. The 
mother died on May 17, 1868, and the father married Miss Martha 
Tredway, of Detroit, who survives him. There were no children 
born to the second marriage. Of the seven born to the first union 
one died in infancy and three others passed away within a week 
of each other during an epidemic of scarlet fever. The survivors 
are George, who conducts a machine shop at Creston. Iowa ; and 
Charles and Frank E., twins. Charles for several years was a suc- 
cessful groceryman in the city of Adrian, but disposed of his inter- 
ests early in 1908 to enter the business of vault manufacture with 
his brother and J. J. Morse. The business was started at its pres- 
ent stand in the Lenawee County Bank Building on March i, 
1908, and although it has been in existence but a comparatively 
short time it has attained wide proportions and gives promise of 
becoming a great success. Frank E. Willbee received his edu- 
cational advantages in the Adrian schools and at Brown College. 
Since his father's retirement in 1896, he has been superintendent 
of Oakwood cemetery. In politics he is a Republican and is a mem- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 279 

ber of the First Baptist Church. His only fraternal relations are 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On Dec. 2, 1891, Mr. 
Willbee was united in marriage to Miss Jennie Graham, a daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Graham, who for more than fifty years 
have been residents of Raisin township. Mrs. Willbee was born on 
a farm in that township and received her education in the Adrian 
schools. Two children, Marguerite H. and Arthur F., have been 
born to bless the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Willbee. The Willbee 
home, at 99 Locust street, is one of the beautiful residences of the 

city. 

Alfred H. Williams, who owns and operates 258 acres of fer- 
tile and productive land in Palmyra township, was born in that 
township on Feb. 25, 1862. He is the son of Elmore and Elvira 
(Hadlock) Williams, the former born in Vermont in 1799 and the 
latter at Elmira, N. Y., in 1838. The father came in an early day 
to Kalamazoo county, Michigan, where his first wife died and he 
married a second time. There is in Kalamazoo county today a 
Williams Station named in his honor. He was engaged in the 
draying business until he removed to Lenawee county to operate 
the old Alaloney farm. In 1864 he became a resident of Adrian, 
where he again entered the draying business, which he continued 
until 1884. Then he returned to Kalamazoo county, but subsequent- 
ly came back to Lenawee to make his home with his son, where he 
died in January. 1885. His second wife passed away in 1878. Fred 
H. Williams, the only child of his father's second marriage, 
received his education in the Adrian schools and the district schools 
of Madison township. When but ten years of age he began to 
make his own way in the world, working for different farmers for 
his board and the privilege of attending school. During the first 
year that he devoted his entire time to labor he earned four dollars 
a month, and the second year he received eight dollars a month. 
He had no permanent occupation until he was twenty-two years 
of age, when he began working a small piece of garden land on, 
shares. This labor occupied him for two years, when he abandoned 
it to go to the upper peninsula of the state to enter a tract of land 
under the homestead law. He remained in that district for a num- 
ber of years, two years of the time working in a clerical capacity 
in a general mercantile store, and later entering into partnership 
with his former employer. At the same time he was interested in 
the hotel business with the same partner under the firm name of 
Morrison & Williams, who also operated an iron mine known as 
the Hiawatha mine, and were also extensively engaged in the lum- 
ber industry. After eight years of residence in northern Michigan 
he determined to return to Lenawee county, and disposing of his 
interests in the northern part of the state, he purchased from his 
father-in-law the old Fisher homestead in Palmyra township and 
has since devoted his time to its management. He devotes himself 
principally to market gardening, while his tenant does the general 
farm work. His best selling and best known products are potatoes 
and melons, for which he finds a market in Adrian, and also in 
Ohio, where he has a relative in the produce business. Some of 



28o MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

his potatoes have been shipped as far southwest as Missouri, and 
a considerable portion of his melon crop goes each year to Detroit. 
He also has a large and lucrative trade in small fruits. On July 17, 
1890, Mr. Williams married Miss Carrie Eliza Fisher, born in the 
house where she now resides, June 20, 1863, the daughter of Willett 
R. and Mary L. (Hopkins) Fisher. Mr. Fisher was born in Har- 
mony, N. Y., March 6, 1834, and his wife in Preston county, Mary- 
land, May 16, 1839. Mrs. Fisher traces her ancestry to three broth- 
ers, who came to America in the Mayflower, and Stephen Hopkins, 
one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was a rel- 
ative. When he was but three years of age, Mr. Fisher came to 
Michigan with his parents, Nelson and Eliza (Spaulding) Fisher, 
and lived until his demise, Sept. 25, 1898, on the farm which Mr. 
Williams now owns. Nelson Fisher was the first man to sell mel- 
ons in Adrian, hauling them thence in a dry goods box on the front 
wheels of a wagon drawn by an ox team. His wife was the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Spaulding, a pioneer of Palmyra township. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Williams have been born eight children, whose 
names and the dates of birth follow: Mary Elvira, July 14, 1891 ; 
Ranor Alfred, Jan. 18, 1893; Dorothea A., April 8, 1894; Lester 
Elmore, July 13, 1896; Lucile Anna, Dec. 5, 1897; Carl Fritz. Dec. 
23, 1899; Dean Elliott, Jan. 26, 1902; and Gayle Loraine, Oct. 6, 

1903- 

George W. Wilt, a respected citizen and prominent farmer of 

Ogden township, was born in Preston county. West Virginia, April 
4, 1844. He is the son of Christian and Maria (Martin) Wilt, the 
former born in Preston county and the latter in Germany. The 
father was a farmer who spent all his life in West Virginia. By his 
first wife he had six children, three of whom are living, viz. : George 
W., of this sketch ; Mrs. Sarah White, of Toledo, Ohio ; and 
Harriet lives in West Virginia, where her husband is a miner. By 
his second wife, nee Caroline McFadden, he had eight children. 
George W. Wilt received his scholastic training in the district 
'schools in the vicinity of his early home, and on Feb. 26, 1863, 
when but eighteen years of age, he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany I, Third Maryland infantry. Although in the hospital with 
measles for a long time he participated with his regiment in many 
important engagements and received an honorable discharge on 
May 29, 1865. Upon his return home after the war he worked by 
the month for a time and then for two years was employed in a 
cooper shop. In 1868 he came to Michigan and for two years 
worked for various farmers in Ogden township. By the practice 
of economy and thrift he managed to accumulate sufficient funds 
to purchase some land, located two miles from his present farm, 
which he cleared and cultivated. Fifteen years later he disposed of 
the property at a good profit and purchased his present farm of 
ninety acres, where he has since been successfullv engaged doing 
general farming. Fraternally and sociall)^ Mr. Wilt is allied with 
David Becker Post, No. 25, Grand Army of the Republic at Ogden 
Center, and with Blissfield Lodge. No. 114. Free and Accepted 
Masons, having been a member of the latter organization for thirty- 



BIOGRAPHICAI- 281 

eight years. In the matter of politics he has always espoused the 
JO a^BpipuHD pijss3D0us 91}; SB puB 'X^jBcI UBOi^quda"^ aq; p asn^D 
that organization he served for two terms as township treasurer, 
and for more than twenty years was justice of the peace. On Dec. 
24, 1871, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Wilt and Miss Sarah 
Robertson, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Heckert) Robertson, 
of Ogden township. They have no children. 

Charles E. Winne, a prominent contractor of Adrian, was 
born in Cambridge township, Lenawee county, Sept. i, 1861, the 
son of Charles and Samantha M. (Lewis) Winne. His father is 
a native of Cherry Valley, N. Y., and his mother was born in the 
township in which that village is located. They were married in 
New York state and immigrated to Michigan in an early day. The 
father entered 160 acres of government land in Cambridge town- 
ship, cleared the timber and then sold it. He moved thence to 
Jackson county, Michigan, and bought a farm of eighty acres in 
Leoni township. Some years later he disposed of this property and 
carne to Adrian township, where he bought 133 acres of fine arable 
land and engaged in farming. For fifteen years the father and his 
son, Charles, were in the implement business, but when they sold 
out to Levi Roath and Chester C. Van Doren, he returned to his 
farm, which is two miles west of Adrian, and remained there until 
April 19, 1908. He then rented his place and retired from active 
life to enjoy a well earned respite from labor. Lie and his wife 
now reside at 17 Chandler street, Adrian. They were among the 
pioneer settlers of this region and have seen Adrian grow from a 
town to a thriving city. Three children were born to the par- 
ents — Mrs. George F. Smith, of Adrian township; David C, who 
died in 1877; and Charles E., the subject of this sketch. The last 
named received his earliest scholastic training in the district schools 
of Jackson county, and when his parents came to Adrian township 
he finished the country schools and then came into town to the 
high school. He attended but one year, however, as his father 
engaged in the implement business and took him into the partner- 
ship under the firm name of Charles Winne & Son. For fifteen 
years they carried on this business most successfully. After dis- 
posing of his interests in Adrian, Mr. Winne moved onto a farm 
of eighty acres in Rome township, owned by his father, where he 
engaged in farming for twelve years. About fourteen years ago 
he returned to Adrian and for eight years conducted a transfer 
business and then had charge of the trade of the Republic Oil Com 
pany for four years. He was street commissioner of the city of 
Adrian for two years, and in 1906 embarked in business for him- 
self as a cement contractor, meeting with gratifying success in 
that line. He takes an active part in politics as a member of the 
Republican party, and while he lived in Rome township was town- 
ship treasurer. He belongs to the following fraternal organiza- 
tions the Knights of the Maccabees, the Knights of Pythias, the 
Independent Order of Foresters, and the National Protective Le- 
gion. On Dec. 13, 1881, Mr. Winne was united in marriage to Miss 
Margaret Cochrane, the daughter of the late A\'illiam Cochrane, of 



282- MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Adrian. Mrs. Winne was born in Watertown, N. Y., and received 
most of her education there. After her parents moved to Adrian 
she attended Adrian College, graduating in music with the class 
of 1880. Three children have been welcomed in the Winne home. 
May died at the age of three ; Rollo, born in Rome township, Len- 
awee county, graduated from the Adrian High School with the 
class of 1907, and is attending the Michigan School of Mines, at 
Houghton, Mich. Bertha, born in Adrian, graduated from the high 
school in 1906. Mr. and Mrs. Winne have a beautiful home at No. 
17 College avenue. Mr. Winne contracts for all kinds of cement 
construction work, such as foundations, cellar bottoms, sidewalks, 
street curbs and gutters. 

Frederick B. Wood, a leading attorney-at-law of Lenawee 
county, and a resident of Tecumseh, was born in that village on 
April 28, 1858, the son of Edwin B. and Harriet (Bissell) AVood. 
The father was a descendant of a Kentucky family and was born 
in Ashtabula county, Ohio, and the mother was born in Lockpor.t, 
N. Y. The mother came to Lenawee county with her parents in 
1844, and the father, a prominent attorney, came to Adrian from 
Kentucky in 1848. He was associated with such eminent lawyers 
as Judge Cooley and Judge Beaman, and his subsequent entering 
into a partnership with Judge Stacy, then probate judge, brought 
him to Tecumseh, where he was married. That village remained 
his home during the residue of his life, and he Avas prominent in its 
public life, having held most of the local offices. His death occurred 
on Feb. 25, 1885, and besides his widow, who is still living in Te- 
cumseh, he left three children who grew to maturity, namely : Fred- 
erick B. ; Mrs. E. C. Baird, of Dayton, Ohio, whose husband is a 
civil engineer, and Mrs. Lawrence Kitchum, of Toledo, whose hus- 
band is connected with the Second National Bank of that city. 
Frederick B. Wood received his preparatory education in the 
schools of Tecumseh, and graduated at the high school in the class 
of 1877. For two years he was a student in the literary department 
of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and later took the 
law course, in which he was graduated in the class of 1884 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. Upon his return to Tecumseh he en- 
tered a partnership with his father under the firm name of E. B. 
and F. B. Wood, which continued until the parents death, since 
which time he has been practicing alone, excepting a partnership 
at Adrian with Hon. John E. Bird for six years. Mr. Wood has 
been a stanch adherent of the tenets of the old Democratic party, 
and as the successful candidate of that party served eight years as 
village clerk and four years as prosecuting attorney of Lenawee 
county, from 1891 to 1895. In 1902 he was a candidate of his party 
for election to Congress, but with the rest of the ticket went down 
in defeat. For twenty years he took an active part in the affairs of 
the national guard of the state, and during the years 1891 and 1892 
served as quartermaster-general. At the close of his twenty years 
of service he was mustered out as a brigadier-general. Mr. Wood 
is now serving as village attorney. Fraternally he is prominent in 
Masonic circles, being a member of the Tecumseh lodge and chap- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 283 

ter, and the Adrian Commandery, and Moslem Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine. He is also identified with the Tecumseh Lodge of 
the Knights of Pythias and the Adrian chapter of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. In religious matters he is a Protest- 
ant and member of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Wood has been 
twice married. By his first wife, nee Miss Louise A. Healey, he 
had two children: Frederick Bertram, the son, is a junior at Leland 
Stanford University, and the daughter, Dorothea A., is attending 
the high school. On Oct. 3, 1906, Mr. Wood was united in mar- 
riage to Mrs. Louise Ellsworth Bright, of Ann Arbor, Mich., who 
was born in Oregon and received her educational advantages in 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rodolph A. Woolsey, a progressive farmer, of Madison town- 
ship, and one of the influential figures in the State Grange, was 
born in that township on Dec. 12, 1850. His paternal grandfather, 
Richard Woolsey, was born in Delaware county, New York, Oct. 
II, 1769, but before he was of age moved to Columbia county. In 
1826 he sold his farm in Columbia county and removed to Monroe 
county. New York, where he died in 1848. In 1794 he married 
Miss Mercy Mosher, daughter of Lemuel and Abigail Mosher, born 
in Hillsdale, Monroe county. New York, Oct. 5, 1777, and died on 
March 4. 1856. Thirteen children were born to the grandparents, 
of whom Alanson Woolsey, the father of Rodolph A., was the elev- 
enth in order of birth. The latter was born at Austerlitz, Colum- 
bia county. New York, Feb. 5, 1813, and never had the advantages 
of a scholastic training. When but thirteen years of age he began 
"working out" on a farm, and his father took all his wages until 
he had attained his majority. By thrift and hard work he saved 
enough of his earnings during the first year after he became of age 
to migrate to Michigan and enter eighty acres of land in Dover 
township, Lenawee county. Shortly afterward he returned to New 
York and on Nov. 29, 1837, was united in marriage to Miss Ma- 
hala Ladd, the daughter of John and Betsy Ladd, of Victor, On- 
tario county, New York. In the fall of 1838 he returned to Mich- 
igan with his bride and settled on the land which he had previously 
entered. They remained there, however, only until Dec. 24. of the 
same year and then removed to property on section 16, Madison 
township, where the father died June 27, 1900. The mother, who 
was the third of a family of ten children, was born Aug. 7, 1818, 
and died Oct. 16, 1904. Five children were the issue of the mar- 
riage of the parents. John Wellington, the eldest, was born Aug. 
24, 1839, ^^^ "^icd May 11, 1902. William C. born Jan. 27, 1842, 
died Sept. 18. 1847. Calista T., born Feb. 2, 1845, is now the Avife 
of P. B. Chase, of Los Angeles, Cal. Charles S., born Nov. i, 1848, 
died in Chicago on March 10, 1907. He grew to manhood in Mad- 
ison township and in 1866 was a student in Adrian College. For 
several vears he was in the train service of the Lake Shore & Mich- 
igan Southern railway ; for different periods was in the shoe busi- 
ness in St. Louis, Mo., and Toledo, Ohio ; for twelve years was the 
traveling representative of a large firm ; for several years he was 
connected with the Abbott Buggy Company, and the later years 
of his life he was a manufacturer of metal specialties in Chicago. 



:284 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Rodolph A. Woolsey, of this sketch, has been for several years 
clerk of Madison township, and despite the urgent solicitation of 
his many friends has declined many times to serve his township in 
other responsible positions. He is a prominent member of the 
Grange and is now serving as master of that organization in Mad- 
ison township. During the first five years of its organization — 
from 1897 to 1902 — he served as secretary of the Patrons' Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company, and is now the incumbent in his third 
successive year of the office of president of that organization. Mr. 
Woolsey is also a justice of the peace of Madison township. He 
is the owner of 260 acres of land, upon which are located two ex- 
cellent tenant houses, beside his own modern home and the other 
farm buildings. His time is devoted to a general farming business, 
more especial attention being paid to sheep feeding and dairying. 
He feeds each 3'ear between 500 and 800 sheep and keeps fourteen 
milch cows. Mr. Woolsey 's other interests include the holding of 
stock in the Lamb and the Michigan Fence companies, of Adrian, 
and he is also financially interested in a banana plantation of 16,000 
acres in Honduras, called the Colorado-Honduras Banana Planta- 
tion, of which 5,000 acres are under cultivation. The main offices of 
the company are in the Temple building in Detroit, and in 1905 Mr. 
Woolsey went over the entire property on a trip of inspection. He 
also holds the title to several valuable pieces of realty, in Adrian. 
On Dec. 13, 1871, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Woolsey and 
Miss Libbie Douglass, who was born in Byron, Genesee county, 
New York. Her father, Edmund Douglass, w^as born in Rutland 
county, Vermont, in 1824, and now makes his home wnth Mr. and 
Mrs. Woolsey. The mother, Elsie Ann (Boyd) Douglass, who 
died in Byron, N. Y., in 1855, was the daughter of Oliver Boyd, and 
was married to Mr. Douglass in 1850. To Mr. and Mrs. Woolsey 
was born, on Nov. 25, 1872, a son, Edmund D., now a resident of 
Corcoran. Kings county, California. 

Hanson Zepernick, who is a successful agriculturist, of Ogden 
township, Lenawee county, Michigan, was born in Seneca county, 
Ohio. Oct. 26, 1851. He is the son of Daniel and Sophronia (Reed) 
Zepernick, born respectively in Columbiana county, Ohio, Nov. 20, 
1824, and Seneca county, Ohio, July 9, 1827. The father during 
his active life was in the foundry business, but ill health compelled 
his retirement in 1862, and he died a year later. His wife died in 
1855. Three children were born to the parents, two of whom. Ma- 
rietta and Ward, died in infancy. After the death of his mother 
Hanson Zepernick came to Fairfield township, this county, to 
make his home with an uncle, Hanson Reed, and remained with 
him from the time he was twelve years old until he was twenty- 
four. His educational training was limited to the schools in the 
vicinity of his boyhood home, and ended when he was eighteen 
years of age. During the twelve years he made his home with the 
uncle, he assisted him in the operation of the farm and thoroughly 
mastered every detail of the work involved. On his twenty-fifth 
birthday his uncle made him a present of forty acres of land, which 
he later sold and purchased his present farm of sixty acres. Be- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 285 

sides his farming he devotes some attention to the dairy business, 
which has proven to be quite remunerative, although his herd of 
milch cows is a small one. The cream from his dair}- he ships to 
Toledo, Ohio, where it brings the highest market price. In the mat- 
ter of politics Mr. Zepernick is a stanch supporter of the men and 
measures of the Democratic party, but has never been an aspirant 
for public office of any nature. On Sept. 16, 1879, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Harriet Underwood, the daughter of Charles 
R. and Sarah M. (Chappie) Underwood. Mr. and Mrs. Under- 
wood formerly lived in New York, and came to Palmyra township 
in 1857. where Mr. Underwood engaged in the milling business 
and in farming. Mrs. Underwood died Aug. i, 1878, and her hus- 
band died Nov. 7, 1880. To Mr. and Mrs. Zepernick have been 
born three children : Ward, who died while an infant ; Zella and 
Verne, both living at home. In the midst of Mr. Zepernick's honey- 
moon he and his wife came near losing their lives in the famous 
grand stand catastrophe, at the Adrian fair grounds, in September, 
1879. They were seated near the top row in the southwest part 
of the stand, which was packed with a joyful crowd ranging in age 
from the infant in its mother's arms to the old grandfather and 
grandmother, who were peacefully resting while viewing the beau- 
tiful horse display then taking place. A few seconds before the 
crash an usher, when seating a belated ticket-holder, remarked that 
"there is always room for one more," but ere the sound of his 
voice had died away, the collapse of the entire grand stand came 
with its awful force, and precipitated its thousands of joyful pleas- 
ure-seekers into a screaming, heterogeneous mass, amid the falling 
timbers. In some unaccountable manner Mr. and Mrs. Zepernick 
escaped serious injury, although Mrs. Zepernick was so badly 
stunned and bruised, together with the terrible shock to her nerves, 
that she was unable to be taken to her home until two or three 
days later. Mr. Zepernick escaped by a hair's breadth, for in some 
mysterious way his coat-tail was cut off smooth, but, luckily, he 
was spared. 

John Zimmerman is one of that type of sturdy citizens who 
have contrilmted to the national progress and upbuilding of the 
commonwealth of Michigan and Lenawee county. He was born 
in Riga township. Lenawee county, Nov. 8, 1874, the son of John 
and Ernestine Zimmerman. The father was a native of Switzer- 
land, and the mother was born in Germany in 1847. They im- 
migrated to the new world at an early day and settled in Riga 
township soon after reaching the United States. Mr. Zimmerman 
had been a farmer in the Fatherland. He bought a farm in Riga, 
and there he lived until his demise, which occurred in 1880. He 
was survived by his widow until Feb. 5. 1909. when she passed 
away on the old homestead in Riga township. Five children came 
to bless the union of the parents. William is a farmer in Riga 
township; Fred is a farmer, living at Manchester, Mich.; Lizzie 
is deceased; Anna, now Mrs. McCormick. lives in Riga township, 
and John is the subject of this sketch. The last named was reared 
in his native township and received all of his educational discipline 



286 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

at Riga Center, except the last year, when he attended the normal 
school at Fayette, Ohio. Upon his return from Fayette he worked 
on a farm for five years. During this time he was careful and 
saved sufficient capital to enable him to go into business for him- 
self. Removing to Blissfield four years ago, he started a shoe store, 
and has built up a large and substantial business, a well earned 
reward for his industry. He carries a large stock of fine shoes, 
does repair work and also makes shoes to order. Mr. Zimmerman 
is meeting with gratifying success, which is largely the result of 
his determination to please his customers. In politics he is affili- 
ated with the Republican party and is prominent in the fraternal 
circles of Blissfield as a member of the Knights of Maccabees and 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On June 28, 1905, Mr. Zim- 
merman was united in marriage to Clara Radesiler, the daughter 
of Henry and Magdelina (Yager) Radesiler. Mrs. Zimmerman 
was born in Riga township on Aug. 23, 1880, and received her early 
education in the district schools. Subsequently she came to Bliss- 
field, where she continued her studies. After finishing the course 
in the Blissfield schools, she was engaged in pedagogic work in the 
country for three years and then went to Fayette, Ohio, to take a 
year's course in the normal school. On her return she was again 
engaged in teaching for two years. Mrs. Zimmerman's parents 
were born in Germany. They immigrated with that great tide of 
German people which poured into this country about the middle 
of the nineteenth century. After landing on the shores of the New 
World, they came west, located in Riga township, Lenawee 
coimty. and purchased a farm, where the father was engaged in 
farming until the time of his death, in 1902. His widow still re- 
sides on the old homestead. Mr. and Mrs. Zimmerman have one 
child. Hildreth Gladys, born Feb. 11, 1907. Both Air. and Mrs. 
Zimmerman are members of the Evangelical church. 

Elvin Dayton Cole, deceased, for many years a prosperous and 
influential farmer in this county, for two years engaged in the fruit 
commission business in Addison, prominently identified with fra- 
ternal circles, former clerk of Rollin township, and assistant post- 
master at Addison at the time of his death, was another of Lena- 
wee's native sons who attained to success in life entirely through 
his own indefatigable energy and enterprise. He was born on the 
old Cole homestead in the township of Rollin, Feb. 28, 1861. a son 
of Elvin C. and Elvira (Dayton) Cole, natives of the old Empire 
State, the father having been born in Tompkins county, Dec. 4. 
1812, and the mother in Onondaga county, June 2, 1826. Elvin 
C. Cole migrated to Michigan in 1834, when twenty-two years of 
age, coming directly to Rollin township, where he purchased a 
tract of government land, then covered with a heavy growth of 
native timber. He did not remain long in the county at that time, 
but returned to his native state, where he followed agricultural 
pursuits until 1848, when he returned to Rollin township. He im- 
mediately set about to clear his land and soon had reclaimed a 
large portion of it to cultivation, and here he continued to reside 
imtil his death, Jan. 6, 1889. He was a Republican, a loyal mem- 
ber of the Baptist church, and an exemplar}^ and honored citizen. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 287 

He was thrice married, the first time, March 7, 1837, to Miss Lydia 
Tunison, daughter of Philip and Magdalene Tunison, of Seneca 
county. New York. She passed to the great Beyond on Dec. 17, 
1843, the mother of one child — Amos R., who is now a farmer in 
the township of Rollin. The second wife of Elvin C. Cole was 
Sarah Allen, daughter of Spencer and Sophia Allen, and she passed 
to her reward several years after her marriage, also leaving one 
child — Allen, who is an iron-worker in Detroit, Mich. The third 
wife, Alvira Dayton, became the mother of two children : — Emma 
C, born July 21, 1853, is now the wife of John C. Schneider, a 
traveling salesman, of Toledo, Ohio, and Elvin Dayton, of this re- 
view. After the death of her beloved husband Mrs. Elvin C. Cole 
went to live with her daughter, Mrs. John C. Schneider, then a resi- 
dent of Addison, and there she continued to reside until her death, 
which occurred May 4, 1891. The immediate subject of this sketch 
received a common school education in his native township, and in 
Genoa, Ottawa county, Ohio, and he then worked on his father's 
farm until his marriage, in 1881. He then moved onto the old Rice 
homestead, near the village of Clayton, where he continued in agri- 
cultural pursuits for two years. He then erected a home of his 
own in Addison, where for two years he was engaged in the fruit 
commission business. This experience was followed by a year's 
farming on a place situated in the township of Rollin, in the vicinity 
of the old Cole homestead, and then, because of his father's rapidly 
failing health, he moved to the Cole homestead, consisting of 160 
acres of fertile and finely improved land, upon which he resided 
continuously until 1903, when, upon receiving the appointment of 
assistant postmaster at Addison, he removed to that place and re- 
sided there until called to his reward, July 13, 1905. His was an 
industrious and successful career and he was ever recognized as 
an intelligent, honorable and public-spirited citizen, in whom his 
fellow-townsmen had implicit faith and confidence. He was twice 
elected to the office of clerk of Rollin township, and in this capacity, 
as in all others in which his busy career placed him, he brought 
to the discharge of his duties capability and honesty. Like his 
honored parent, he was ever an ardent adherent of the Republican 
party and was extremely broad-minded and liberal in all of his 
views. He was very prominently identified with fraternal circles, 
being a member of the Masonic Order, the Knights of the Macca- 
bees, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows — in which he was 
especially active — and the Modern AVoodmen of America, holding 
various offices in each of these fraternities. On March 9, 1881, was 
solemnized his marriage to Miss Alice Edna Rice, who first be- 
held the light of day in Hudson township, near Clayton village, 
June 13, 1858, a daughter of Freeman and Lucretia (VanVorhees) 
Rice, natives of Wayne county, New York. The father of Mrs. 
Cole was born Oct. 31, 1824, and died Jan. 18, 1885. The mother 
was born Sept. 12, 1819, and was summoned to the life eternal on 
July 14, 1873. They came to Michigan about 1855, locating on a 
farm near Clayton, which place was later occupied by the subject 
of this review and his wife, and there Mr. and Mrs. Rice resided 



288 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

continuously during the remainder of their days. The former at- 
tained to success and prestige as a follower of agricultural pursuits 
entirely through his own thrift and enterprise and he enjoyed the 
respect and esteem of the entire community in which he was so 
many years a resident. He never fostered ambition for public 
office, preferring to devote his entire time and attention to the farm. 
He was twice married. By his first wife he became the father of 
three children, of whom Mrs. Cole was the youngest and is the 
only one who survives; Almeron F., born Sept. 9, 1847, died in 
May, 1906, in Santa Rosa, Cal., where he had lived for many years, 
and Ancil A., born Sept. 19, 1853, passed away at his home in 
Seattle, Wash., in June, 1892, having been married but a year. Mr. 
Rice was married Sept. 20, 1874, to Mrs. Abbie C. Baker, a native 
of New York state and the widow of Moses Baker, for many years 
a resident of Rollin township. She survived Mr. Rice for several 
years, and she died at the home of her sister, Mrs. Phoebe Whit- 
more, in the village of Rollin, Dec. 11, 1892. There were no chil- 
dren by this marriage. To the happy vmion of Mr. Cole and wife 
were born two children: Nellie, who was born Aug, 31, 1883, ex- 
pired in early infancy, and Ray Freeman, born Sept. 13, 1885, ac- 
quired his preliminary education in the public schools of Addison, 
graduating at the high school there with the class of 1906, and he 
matriculated as a student in Albion (Mich.) College in the ensuing 
fall. Later he spent some time in extensive traveling and is now 
making his home with his mother in Addison, in the handsome, 
commodious residence erected by his honored father some years 
prior to his demise. ^ 

John V. B. Palmer, deceased, a highly respected and prominent 
business man of the Maple City, was born on Aug. 18, 1847, at 
East Schodack, N. Y., where he resided until 1869. On Dec. 26, 
1867, he was united in marriage to Miss Caroline Brown, of Dover, 
Lenawee county, Michigan, and two years after this event they 
migrated westward and settled at Dover, the girlhood home of Mrs. 
Palmer. After twenty-four years of successful farming at that 
place they removed to Adrian, where Mr. Palmer was closely identi- 
fied with several business enterprises and the industrial and civic 
advancement of his newly adopted city. Lie was in the employ of 
the Page Woven Wire Fence Company for several years in the 
capacity of a traveling salesman ; about 1902 he and Charles Adams 
launched forth into the cider and vinegar business, and at the time 
of his demise he was president and director of the Lleal AVire Fence 
Company of Adrian, having been closely identified with that con- 
cern since its organization. He was also interested in other busi- 
ness enterprises in Adrian. Mr. Palmer became converted when 
about seventeen years of age and joined the Lutheran Evangelical 
church of East Schodack, N. Y., when a resident of that place, 
though after coming West he never transferred his membership in 
that denomination, but became a devout and faithful worshiper at 
the Presbyterian church of Adrian, and was a member of the broth- 
erhood of that institution. He was also affiliated with the fraternal 
order of the Knights of the Maccabees. Mr. Palmer was the for- 





' ^ ^^ , /^L^/?^7-2_^,2L 



THE NEW YORK 
ni?^ ■ P.ARY 


T1LD£N 


, Lr.NOX AND 
/^UN CATIONS 

L 



BIOGRAPHICAL 289 

tunate possessor of a most genial and pleasing disposition, was an 
enthusiastic lover of his home and the things connected therewith, 
a devoted husband, a stanch and true friend, a good neighbor, ever 
ready with a cheering word or a helping hand, and an enthusiastic 
champion of all movements looking to the industrial, moral, in- 
tellectual and spiritual welfare of his beloved city. 

Hugh R. Ladd, numbered among the younger generation of 
prosperous farmers of Adrian township, was born on the farm that 
is now his home, Nov. 25, 1867. His father was Ira Ladd, a native 
of the Empire State, where he was born in 1824, and his mother 
was Mary Ann (Haight) Ladd, born in this county in 1833, the 
daughter^of David and Avis (Coffin) Haight, of Adrian township. 
Ira Ladd was the son of John Ladd, of the state of New York, and 
he came to Lenawee county in 1855, soon after his marriage to 
Ann Bigham, in New York state. He first located in Cambridge 
township, where he bought a farm of eighty acres. Cambridge 
township was his home for ten years, at the end of which time he 
sold his farm there and purchased 100 acres in Adrian township, 
the same upon which the subject of this review was born and now 
resides. The elder Ladd lived a quiet and peaceful life, never as- 
piring to hold any public office, and he won the respect of his neigh- 
bors and others throughout the county. During five years of his 
life he was engaged in the nursery business, and in 1895 he passed 
away, at the age of seventy-one. Our subject's mother was the 
second wife of Ira Ladd, and her untimely death occurred in her 
thirty-sixth year. She had been a kind and loving wife and an 
ideal mother and is remembered as a beautiful character. Ira 
Ladd's third wife, to whom he was married in 1871, was Ayesha 
Minor, daughter of William and Naomi (Renniff) Minor, and was 
born in Ea'st Cleveland, Ohio, April 15, 1830. She died Feb. i, 
1909. She was an ideal mother to the orphaned children, and they 
grew to love and respect her with the same devotion that they 
would have given their own mother. Hugh Ladd was educated in 
the district schools and has always engaged in the occupation of 
farming. Having remained at home and assisted his father until 
twenty-two years old, the next five years were spent working by 
the month for S. O. Tingley. In his twenty-seventh year he re- 
turned to the old homestead and has made his home there since. 
His ideas of farming are along general lin^es, and in his calling he 
ranks with the leaders. Politically he is a member of the Demo- 
cratic party, and to its principles he has been an adherent all his 
life. While liberal in his views regarding religion, he has always 
been a contributor to the support of churches and a firm believer 
in them as helpful institutions. Mr. Ladd is of a family of seven 
children, as follows: Elizabeth, who became the wife of Joseph 
Smith, resides in Hillsdale. Mich., her husband having died in 
1907; John died in 1904; Mary became the wife of Marion Case, 
after his death was married to a Mr. Hubbard, who is now de- 
ceased, and she is the present wife of Ira Mann, of Rome township ; 
Marvin married Delia Lamb and resides in Adrian ; Nettie is the 
wife of Edward Collins and resides in the state of Washington; 
19-2V 



290 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Guy died in his twenty-ninth year, and Hugh is he to whom this 
review is more particularly dedicated. On Aug. 22, 1893, was cele- 
brated the marriage of our subject to Miss Tina Van Valkenburg, 
who was born July 29, 1867, the daughter of John and Angeline 
(Hunter) Van Valkenburg, of Franklin township. Two children 
have been born to them, viz: Marjorie, who died Oct. 18, 1902, in 
her first year, and Nelson, who was born Feb. 18, 1904. John Van 
Valkenburg, the father of Mrs. Ladd, was born in Montgomery 
county, New York, Feb. 22, 1833. and is a son of Lambert and 
Elizabeth (Vosburg) Van Valkenburg, natives of Holland. Mrs. 
Van Valkenburg, the mother, was a daughter of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Wade) Hunter, and was born in Franklin township, July 
19, 1835. She died Aug. 14, 1908, having become the mother of 
five children : Adella. wife of George S. P3aker, of St. Louis, Mich. ; 
Eva, wife of Prof. George J. Tripp, of Morenci ; Lelia, wife of For- 
rest D. Cooley (both now deceased) ; Tina, the wife of Mr. Ladd, 
and Devillo J., who was married to Bessie M. Preston, May 26, 
1898. Mr. Van Valkenburg lives a retired life on the old home- 
stead, which is being successfully managed by Devillo, his only 
son. 

James Swartout, for many years a prominent and highly re- 
spected farmer of Woodstock township, is a native of the Empire 
State, born in Ulster county, April 13, 183 1, a son of James and 
Hannah (Every) Swartout. The father, also a native of the state 
of New York, first beheld the light of day, Nov. 7, 1792. He en- 
listed in the American army in the War of 1812 and was stationed 
at Staten Island during a large part of the conflict. In 1834 James 
Swartout, Sr., with his family, migrated to Michigan when the 
greater portion of this region was yet an unbroken wilderness and 
largely uninhabited, taking up eighty acres of government land in 
Jackson county, upon which he continued to reside for two years. 
He then sold the place to Joseph Every, another pioneer settler of 
this section of the state, and removed to Lenawee county and 
took up 120 acres of government land in Woodstock township, 
where Cement City now stands and for which he paid but $1.25 
per acre. There he continued to reside until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1846, in his fifty-fourth year. The mother of the subject 
of this review was also a native of the Empire State, born Nov. 4, 
1795, and died Aug. 11, 1874. Of this union there were ten chil- 
dren, mentioned as follows in the order of birth : The eldest, born 
Dec. 31, 1813, died in infancy; Margaret, April 21, 1815; Judith, 
Dec. 23, 1817; George W., May 5, 1820; Mary, Jan. 18, 1823; Eliza- 
beth, Sept. 24, 1825; William, Oct. 14, 1828; James, the subject of 
this review; Thomas, Sept. 27, 1834; and Joseph, March 11, 1837. 
Of these ten children, James is the only survivor. He came to 
Woodstock with his parents when he was but four and a half years 
of age, and he experienced many of the trials and privations of the 
old frontier days. He has resided in this township ever since. He 
received his educational training in an old log school-house there 
and learned the occupation of farming on his parents' place, which 
calling he has continued to follow. Politically he is a member of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 29I 

the Democratic party, though he has never taken a very active 
part in the game of poHtics and has not entertained aspirations 
for public office. For upwards of fifty-six years he has been a 
member of the Baptist church, in which he has rendered effective 
service in the cause of righteousness. In 1850 Mr. Swartout was 
united in holy matrimony to Katherine Kelley, daughter of Alan- 
son and Angelina (Every) Kelley, both of whom are deceased, and 
who were for the greater part of their lives residents of Jackson 
county, both having originally migrated from the state of New 
York to Michigan. The marital union of Mr. and Mrs. Swartout 
has been blessed by the birth of six children : Lydia, born Dec. 9, 
1857, is the wife of William Henry Harris, a farmer of Woodstock 
township, now living retired in Lansing, Mich. ; Nancy, born Dec. 
12, i860, is the wife of Hugh Daly, a real estate dealer of Detroit, 
and is the mother of one child, Florence; Elizabeth, born Feb. 23, 
1863, is the wife of Ralph Teayck, and the mother of two chil- 
dren — Mildred, the wife of George McDan, and Ethel, who resides 
with her mother; Homer, born Feb. 12, 1865, married Luella Har- 
rington and is the father of five children — Glenn, Pearl, Lynn, 
Lyle, and Clorene ; Hattie, born Sept. 22, 1868, is the wife of Harry 
Neeley, a merchant in Mason, Ingham county; and Frank, born 
Oct. 30, 1871, is married to Eva Waltersdorf and resides in Wood- 
stock township on a farm owned by his father. The subject of 
this sketch, now^ in his seventy-eighth year, is hale and hearty, and 
it is to be sincerely hoped that he still has many years of useful- 
ness before him ; and as he approaches the sunset of life he can 
derive solace in the reflection that this has been a useful, enter- 
prising and unselfish career. 

Vernon E. Baldwin, who is one of the leading dairy farmers of 
this section of the state, is the owner of the fine old homestead 
which figures as the place of his nativity and a considerable por- 
tion of which lies w^ithin the corporate limits of the village of 
Morenci. He is a representative in the third generation of one of 
the well known and highly honored families of Lenawee county, 
hnd as a citizen and business man is well upholding the prestige of 
the name which he bears. He was born on the old homestead 
mentioned. Nov. 19, 1865, and is a son of Samuel C. and Maria J. 
(Schoonover) Baldwin, the former of whom was born in Windsor, 
Mass., and the latter in Akron, Ohio, July 8, 1835. Samuel C. 
Baldwin was born Sept. 13, 1829, and when he was six years of 
age, in 1835. ^^^s parents came to the Territory of Michigan, which 
was not admitted to statehood until about two years later. It was 
very interesting to hear him tell of his childhood, when the Indians 
visited his home (there having been a trading station on the farm 
before his father purchased it) ; how the children, being afraid, 
clung to their mother; of the graves of an Indian chief and pa- 
poose ; of hunting deer and wild turkey, and of being lost in the 
woods on the farm while going after the cows. These stories are 
very dear to the children and also the grandchildren, of whom 
there are four. Elias J. P.aldwin, the father of Samuel C.. pur- 
chased 285 acres of land in Seneca township, and thus became a 



292 MEMOIRS OF Lenawee county 

pioneer of this section, where he soon gained precedence as an in- 
fluential citizen, a successful agriculturist and surveyor. He had 
followed surveying for a number of years in Massachusetts and 
found plenty of work in the same line in his new home. He sur- 
veyed a good portion of the land in and around Morenci, and his 
surveying instruments and books are now owned and highly 
prized by his great-grandson, Marvin Elias Baldwin. Elias J. 
Baldwin reclaimed much of his land from the forest and remained 
on the old homestead until his death, which occurred May i, 1884. 
The farm which he thus secured more than seventy years ago is 
that now owned by his grandson, the subject of this sketch. 
Samuel C. Baldwin was reared to manhood in this county and his 
early educational privileges were those afforded by the pioneer 
schools. He continued to be actively associated with the work 
and management of the home farm, and in 1876 he purchased the 
fine property from his father. He thereafter gave his personal 
supervision to the farm until he had attained to the age of fifty- 
five years, when he relegated the labors and responsibilities in turn 
to his son, Vernon E., whose name initiates this paragraph. There- 
after he lived virtually retired until his death, which occurred Sept. 
21, 1906. His cherished and devoted wife passed away Oct. 3, 1892, 
and they are survived by three children : Olive, who is the wife 
of James M. Fuller, of Cedar Falls, Iowa ; Vernon E., who is the 
immediate subject of this review; and Jessie N., who is the wife of 
Herbert L. Baker, of Plattenville, La. Samuel C. Baldwin was a 
man of the highest principles of honor and integrity, and to him 
was ever accorded the unqualified esteem of the community in 
which practically his entire life was passed. He was a Republican 
in his political allegiance and was animated by much public spirit. 
He served for a number of years as a member of the village council 
of Morenci and was otherwise influential in local affairs. He was 
a member of the Grange and both he and his wife held membership 
in the Methodist Episcopal church in Morenci, of which he was 
a steward for a long term. Vernon E. Baldwin was reared on the 

. .... > 

homestead farm and his early educational discipline was secured 
in the public schools of the village of Morenci. After leaving 
school he assisted his father in the work of the farm until 1886, 
when he went to the Territory of Dakota, Avhere he remained about 
one year — in a section now included in the state of South Dakota. 
After his return he assumed charge of the home farm, upon the 
retirement of his father, and in 1904 he purchased the interests of 
the other heirs and came into sole ownership of the fine property, 
which now comprises 240 acres and which is one of the best im- 
proved and most valuable farmsteads in the county. He makes a 
specialty of dairy farming, in which department of his enterprise 
he has been particularly successful, and he is known as one of the 
progressive business men and representative citizens of his native 
county. In harmony with his earnest convictions, Mr. Baldwin 
exercises his franchise and otherwise lends his influence in support 
of the cause of the Prohibition party. He and his wife are zealous 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church of Morenci, in which 



BIOGRAPHICAL 293 

he is serving as steward, treasurer and superintendent of the Sun- 
day school. In view of this statement it is not necessary to remark 
that he is active and influential in all departments of the church 
work. On Jan. 12, 1887, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Bald- 
win to Miss Jennie Marvin, who was born and reared in this 
county, and who is a member of one of its honored pioneer families. 
She is a daughter of Andrew and Anna (Ward) Marvin, the former 
of whom was born in the city of Adrian, this county, Dec. 16, 1844, 
and the latter in Monroe county, New York, Jan. 28, 1839. Andrew 
Marvin learned the trade of moulder, to which he devoted his 
attention for some time, and latter he was a miller and a farmer. 
For a number of years he conducted a successful general merchan- 
dise business in Adrian, and he is now living retired in the city 
of Detroit, where Mrs. Marvin passed away June 29, 1909. They 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he 
long served as a member of the board of stewards of the church 
in Adrian. Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin have two children, Marvin Elias 
and Anna Marie, both of whom remain at the parental home. The 
Baldwin family traces its history back to and beyond the Revolu- 
tion, one sister, Mrs. Olive Fuller, being a member of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, her right to such membership 
being established through three distinct lines. 

Clifford Kirkpatrick, M. D., w'as born at Bangor, Penobscot 
county, Maine, Alay 13, 1855, the son of Charles W. and Mary 
Thompson (Babbidge) Kirkpatrick, the former of whom was born 
in the Pine Tree State. Jan. 7, 1810, and the latter at Deer Isle, Me., 
July 22, 1814. James Kirkpatrick, born about 1776, was the father 
of Charles W. Kirkpatrick and the youngest son of John Kirk- 
patrick, who was one of the first Scottish settlers at Warren, Me., 
where he located in 1753. Dr. Clifford Kirkpatrick was orphaned 
when less than one year old by the death of his father in 1855. At 
the early age of eight years he left home and began his independent 
career. He worked at various occupations until fiften years old, 
and then he learned the granite cutter's trade at Concord, N. H., 
in which vocation he was employed for the succeeding nine years. 
Before entering upon this occupation, in the summer following his 
fourteenth birthday, he shipped on the schooner "Governor,'' of 
Deer Isle, Me., and went to the Grand Banks of Newfoundland on 
a cod-fishing trip which lasted no days, and for eighty-three days 
no land was seen. The terrible gale of September, 1869, was en- 
countered, the schooner was knocked on her "beafn-ends" and did 
not right herself for nearly fifteen minutes. All the sails were 
blown away and everything was swept from the decks, and the 
schooner was kept from foundering by throwing oil, which had 
been saved from the cods' liver and of which they had several bar- 
rels, upon the water. They encountered a sinking schooner from 
Gloucester and took off the crew. They also took the sails of the 
unfortunate ship and finally reached port, two weeks after all hope 
for the safety of the "Governor" had been abandoned by the 
owners. In the spring of 1878, Clifford Kirkpatrick came to Adrian 
and worked at his trade for the firm of J. E. Harrison & Son until 



294 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

the fall of 1879, when he entered the medical department of the 
University of Michigan. The little money he had saved was lost 
through loaning to a friend, and when he entered the university, 
after paying his matriculation fee and making the necessary de- 
posits for material to be used in the various departments for lab- 
oratory and dissecting work, he had but fifteen dollars with which 
to face the expense of a college course. He took care of Prof. 
George Frothingham's horses, kept that gentleman's office clean, 
kept the clinical record of all the eye and ear cases, took care of 
the clinical amphitheater, and worked at his trade during vacations, 
and in June, 1881, he graduated, one year ahead of his class, and 
having also in the meantime made a little over $400 above his 
expenses. In July, 1881, he began the practice of his profession in 
Adrian and has continuously been in practice there up to the 
present time. Dr. Kirkpatrick is a member of the American Medi- 
cal Association, the Michigan State Medical Society, the Lenawee 
County Medical Society, and the Wabash Association of Railway 
Surgeons. He has also for years been a member of the Lenawee 
county Board of Pension Examiners. Fraternally, he has mem- 
bership in the Masonic order, the Knights of Pythias, and the 
Knights of Modern Maccabees. In politics he gives allegiance to 
the Republican party, and his worth as a citizen was given recog- 
nition in 1895 by election to the office of mayor of the city of 
Adrian. Dr. Kirkpatrick has been twice married, first on Nov. 21, 
1883. to Mrs. Laura M. (Webb) Cole, daughter of J. Webb. The 
second marriage was solemnized on May 12, 1900. to Mrs. Isabel 
H. (Hathaway) Wheeler, daughter of Gilbert Hathaway. The 
Kirkpatrick home is pleasantly located at No. 161 West Maumee 
street, in the city of Adrian. 

Robert Anson Babcock, a prosperous and influential agricul- 
turist of the township of ^^'oodstock, is a native of Genessee 
county, New^ York, born May 21, 1855, a son of Harry and Calista 
(Fordham) Babcock. Reuben Babcock, the father of Harry, was a 
carpenter and worked at his trade in the state of New York, having 
moved there from Vermont. Flarry Babcock came to the Wol- 
verine State in 1875 and purchased and located on eighty acres of 
land in Jackson county, where he resided for seven years. He 
then sold this Jackson county farm and purchased another in the 
township of Woodstock, which he lived upon and operated for five 
years, when he sold out and took up his residence with a daughter. 
He passed away in 1902. Mrs. Babcock having died in January, 
1876, shortly after coming to Michigan. Robert Anson Babcock 
acquired his educational training in the district schools of his 
native state and at the graded school in Napoleon, Jackson county, 
Michigan, and at an early age gained an intimate knowledge of 
agricultural pursuits, which he has continued to make his chief 
occupation. In politics he is an ardent adherent of the Republican 
party, though he has never cherished aspirations for public office. 
In religious matters he has always held very liberal views and is 
not a member of any denomination. On April 2"], 1884, he was 
united in matrimony to Miss Mary Dermyer, daughter of Daniel 



BIOGRAPHICAL 295 

and Caroline (Hildebrand) Dermyer. This happy union has been 
blessed by the birth of three children, of whom two survive. Caro- 
line, born Feb. 14, 1885, died Feb. 25, 1885, aged eleven days; 
Clarence Arthur, born March 20, 1886, is unmarried and resides at 
the parental home; and Clara Anne, born Oct. 23, 1902, is also 
making her home with her parents. Fraternally, Mr. Babcock is 
af^liated with the Knights of the Maccabees, No. 145, Adrian. 
Daniel Dermyer and wife, the parents of Mrs. Robert A. Babcock, 
were both born in Germany, the respective families migrating to 
America and settling in Ijuffalo, N. Y., about 1844. There Daniel 
Dermyer and his wife were reared and were married, after which 
they came to Michigan, finally locating in Woodstock township, 
which continued to be their place of abode the remainder of their 
lives, the father dying in 1896 and the mother in 1900. 

William Britton is a prominent figure in the afifairs of Lenawee 
county, and is now serving his second term in the offtce of county 
treasurer, to which he was first elected in the fall of 1906. He is 
a native of Lenawee county and a son of John Britton, who came 
to this section of the Wolverine State as a pioneer nearly sixty 
years ago. John Britton was born on the other side of the Atlantic, 
in Yorkshire, England, Feb. 6, 1833, '^"'^1 is the youngest child of 
John Britton, Sr., also a native of that county, where he and his son 
were both reared to farming pursuits. John Britton, Sr., married 
a lady of his own county. Miss Sarah Coats, also of pure English 
ancestry, and in 1850, with his wife and four children, emigrated to 
the L'nited States. The three older children — Jane, Elizabeth, and 
Ann — were married before leaving England, and with their hus- 
bands — respectively Daniel Wiggins, Matthew Yates and Thomas 
Scott — they came to America in the same ship with their parents, 
all settling in Lenawee county and becoming prominent citizens 
in the communities in which they resided. Shortly after setting 
foot upon American soil, John Britton, Sr., and his family came to 
the West and located upon a tract of land in Ridgeway town- 
ship. The family took possession of a small log building, and the 
father entered with energy upon the cultivation of the soil. He 
succeeded in accumulating a good property, and continued on the 
homestead which had been built up by his industry and persever- 
ance until he rested from his earthly labors. His death took place 
in the spring of 1875, when he was sixty-eight years of age. He 
was a man who stood high in the estimation of his neighbors and 
townsmen, and he served as road commissioner for some time. 
John Britton, Jr., the father of the present county treasurer, at- 
tended the district school in Ridgeway, and remained a member 
of the parental household until his marriage, which took place 
March 20, 1855. The lady of his choice. Miss Sarah A. Osterhout. 
was born in Macon township, this county, Oct. 6, 1836, but at the 
time of her marriage was a resident of Hillsdale county. She is 
the daughter of Flowry and Elizabeth (Miller) Osterhout, who 
removed from Seneca county, Xew York, to Michigan during the 
early settlement of this county. Her father purchased a tract of 
land in Macon township, and, transforming it into a good farm, 



296 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

remained there until his death which occurred Aug. 29 1844. To 
Flowry and Elizabeth Osterhout there were born four children : 
Convert, who died at the battle of Pittsburg Landing, supposedly 
from heart failure, superinduced by excitement; Sarah, who be- 
came the wife of John Britton; Lyman, who is a prominent farmer 
in Cambria township, Hillsdale county, and Milo, who is deceased. 
During the progress of the Civil war, in August, 1862, John Brit- 
ton enlisted as a private in Company F, Twenty-sixth Michigan 
infantry, and the regiment was later assigned to the Army of the 
Potomac, under command of General Grant. He was promoted 
step by step until he reached the rank of first lieutenant of Com- 
pany H, and lie returned home as acting captain, receiving his hon- 
orable discharge in June, 1865. He then resumed farming and 
followed that and milling until 1880, when he was largely instru- 
mental in establishing the right of way for the Detroit, Butler & 
St. Louis (Wabash) railroad, which was being built through Ridge- 
w^ay township. He engaged with the company and remained in 
its employ for seventeen years. The road was constructed through 
his premises, necessitating the removal of his farm buildings, and 
the village that grew up at that place very appropriately was given 
the name of "Britton." Contrary to the political faith of his father, 
John Britton is a Republican, and he has been prominent in the 
affairs of the township, holding the offices of supervisor, treasurer, 
justice of the peace, highway commissioner, and constable, at dif- 
ferent times. Fraternally, he has membership in Tecumseh Lodge, 
No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; Adrian Chapter, No. 
10, Royal Arch Masons, and Adrian Commandery, No. 4, 
Knights Templar. He and his good wife are devout mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. They reside on the 
old homestead in Britton, in the full enjoyment of the knowl- 
edge of well spent lives. Of the four children born of this 
union, three are living, the oldest being he who is the immediate 
subject of this review. One died in infancy; Morris D. resides at 
the old home in the village of Britton, and Carrie E. is the wife of 
E. A. Bauchman and resides in the city of Adrian. William Brit- 
ton was born Dec. 25, 1855, and his educational advantages were 
those afforded by the district schools, which he attended in winter 
and worked on his father's farm in the summer. Thus he continued 
until he reached the age of twenty years, when he took charge of 
the farm while his father was employed at railroading. He made a 
study of agricultural pursuits, and his well improved and fertile 
farm of sixty acres is proof of "how well he may succeed who 
tries." His specialties in stock-raising are Short Horn cattle and 
Shropshire sheep, in the raising ofwh*ich he has met with more 
than ordinary success. Like his venerable father, Mr. Britton is a 
staunch advocate of the principles of the Republican party, and 
his active interest in their behalf was rewarded, in 1906, by election 
to the office of treasurer of Lenawee county. Prior to his elevation 
to this position, he had served as school trustee and had also held 
the office of highway commissioner in Ridgeway township, over- 
coming a Democratic majority of sixty when elected to this posi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



297 



tion. He served for ten consecutive years as deputy sheriff, four 
A^ears each in the administrations of Edward Wilson and William 
Shepherd, and two years under Richard Ferguson. He was for 
some time prominently identified with the Lenawee County Agri- 
cultural Society, having been a director for a number of years, and 
he served as a member of the executive committee for three years 
and until his election as treasurer of the county, when he 
signed. He is prominent in Masonic circles, being a member 
of Tecumseh Lodge, No. 69, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Tecumseh Chapter, No. 42, Royal Arch Masons ; Adrian Com- 
mandery. No. 4, Knights Templar, and the auxiliary order of 
the Eastern Star. He also has membership in the Modern 
Woodmen of America and the Maccabees. On Dec. 28, 1876, Mr. 
Britton was married to Miss Eliza Curtis, daughter of Hiram and 
Lydia (Hull) Curtiss, both of whom were natives of New York 
state, and immigrated to Michigan about 1840. Mr. Curtiss became 
a prosperous farmer in Ridgeway township and was quite promi- 
nent in the community. Mrs. Britton was born in Ridgeway 
township, Aug. 6, 1855, and there she grew to womanhood. With 
her husband she is a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and she also has membership in the Order of the Eastern 
Star. To Mr. and Mrs. Britton there have been born four chil- 
dren, specific mention of whom is as follows : Bertha E., born 
Feb. 25, 1879, is the wife of W. P. Rainey, a prominent farmer of 
Raisin township, and she is the mother of two children, Eryl and 
Marjorie; Leroy J., born Jan. 29, 1882, married Mary E. Stowell 
and lives in the village of Britton, following the occupation of a 
rural mail carrier; Jennie G., born Nov. 4, 1885, ^s the wife of L W. 
Calhoun, who is a piano salesman in Toledo, Ohio, and she is the 
mother of one child, Gilford; Ima, born Oct. 12, 1891, remains at 
home with her parents and has a wide circle of friends, among 
whom she is exceedingly popular. These children were all edu- 
cated in the Britton schools, and Ima, the youngest, also attended 
the Adrian High School. 

Loren Vedder, wdio is spending the sunset years of a useful 
life in the city of Adrian, and whose activities of early years, 
accompanied by his thrift and frugality, have made retirement pos- 
sible, was born in Adrian township. May 2, 1840. and his recollec- 
tion of the events of the pioneer times is keen. His parents were 
natives of the Empire State, that section of the East from which 
came so many of the early settlers of this community, and both 
were born in Orleans county, the father in 1808, and the mother in 
1805. Coming to Michigan in the early days — their arrival being 
in 1835 — these parents found this county almost a wilderness, and 
most of the land that was to be obtained for any purpose was pur- 
chased direct from the government. Their tract was acquired in 
this manner and their work on this new farm was well done, and at 
the time of retirement their land was cleared, fence boundaries 
were established, and the building improvements were made, all 
with a diligence and patience only found in the blazers of trails in 
new countries. This first farm was their home for the remainder 



298 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

of their days, the father passing away March 17, 1880, and his wife 
survived him till the following year, her demise taking place 
July 8, 1881, at the home of her daughter, Charlotte, who is the 
wife of Peter Onsted. The elder Vedder was a member of the 
Democratic party, but never held public office. To him and wife 
were born eight children, but two of whom survive: our subject 
and a sister, Mrs. Mariette Treat, of Adrian, the widow of Butler 
Treat. Loren Vedder was educated at the district schools of 
Adrian township and remained with his parents till his twenty- 
first year. He then worked for various farmers for six years, 
finally coming back to his father's farm, which he operated on the 
shares for thirteen years. At the death of his father the other heirs 
were bought out and the farm his father cleared and developed be- 
came his property. This was his home till the death of Mrs. 
Vedder, Feb. 22, 1907, when our subject retired from active labor 
and made his home with his daughter, Edith, who is the wife of 
Charles Dibble. Here he lives a retired life, and in the contem- 
plation of a life's work well done takes great comfort. His farm 
has always been operated along general lines and has proven a 
fine investment. Every item of Mr. Vedder's property is an accu- 
mulation of his own hands, assisted by the good wife, whose love 
and praise were ever ready, and this honored couple got from life 
all that was good. In politics Mr. Vedder is of the Democratic 
faith and served his township as treasurer for two years, also 
holding various school offices. On Nov. 20. 1867, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Vedder and Miss Sarah Beckey, who was born 
in Maine, May 7, 1844. She was the daughter of Samuel and 
Eleanor (Kennedy) Beckey. both natives of the Pine Tree State, 
the father born in 1814, and the mother in 1820. They followed 
agriculture and settled in Michigan in 1856, locating in the town- 
ship our subject resides in. Here a farm was purchased and the 
Beckey family made their home there for fifteen years. Then they 
sold out and moved to Berry county, where the father died in 1891, 
the mother having died a year previous. In their family were six 
children, but two of whom are living: James Beckey, who lives in 
Washington state, and Nancy, who is Mrs. James Eckles, of Te- 
cuniseh. To our subject and his wife were born two children, 
namely, Edith and Adelbert. Edith was born July 14, 1870, and 
is now the wife of Charles Dibble, a general contractor and builder 
of Adrian, who was born in Ridgeway township, June 13, 1872. 
Two children have been born to this couple : Marion, born Aug. 
5, 1900, and Velna, born Sept. 11, 1903. Adelbert was born Oct. 
27, 1874, resides in Adrian, and is engaged in the cement business. 
He married Ada Dibble, sister of Charles (mentioned above), and 
of this union one child has been born, Helen Louise, now deceased. 
John C. Hagerman, a native of this county, was born in Ogden 
township, Aug. 30, 1866. His parents were Joseph W. and Betsy 
(Skinner) Hagerman, both born in the state of New York, the 
father in September, 1822, and the mother April 2. 1820. In his 
sixteenth year the father came to this state with his parents, the 
trip from New York state being made by ox team, and a location 



BIOGRAPHICAL 299 

was chosen in the new country in Adrian township. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject was a millwright by occupation and 
this calling he followed for the remainder of his life. After the 
death of the paternal grandfather, our subject's father purchased 
a farm in Fairfield township and made that his home, his mother 
living with him for some years. Afterwards he sold out and moved 
farther west, locating in Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the 
lumber woods until an accident deprived him of the use of a 
foot. So serious was the accident that amputation followed, and 
after his convalescence the father returned to Michigan and located 
on a farm in this county. This farm was his home till 1901, in 
which year he sold his Lenawee county farm and moved into Isa- 
bella county, at Mt. Pleasant, where he is spending his later days 
with a son. Joseph Hagerman's first wife was Anna Johnson, and 
to them was born one child, Mary, who became the wife of \\^il- 
liam Hayes. Mrs. Hayes is now deceased and her husband lives in 
Northern Michigan. Mr. and Mrs. Hayes had two children, but 
one of whom, Arthur, now survives. Anna Hagerman died shortly 
after her daughter was born, and later Joseph Hagerman married 
Betsy Skinner, of which union were'born five children, their names 
being herein set forth in the order of birth : Charles, who is living 
in Ogden township; W^illiam, of Palmyra township; Warren, now 
residing in Isabella county; x\lbert H., of this township; and John 
C, subject of this review. Both Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Hagerman 
were members of the Free Methodist church, and in politics the 
husband was a Democrat. John C. Hagerman received his educa- 
tion at the district school of Ogden township and resided at his 
father's home till his twenty-second year. He then bought a farm 
in Ogden township, which was his residence till 1907. when he 
rented the old farm and moved to another near Adrian. This move 
was made for the purpose of getting a larger farm and keeping his 
children together. This plan was followed for a year and then a 
farm of 118 acres was acquired, where he now makes his home, 
and the farm in Ogden township was sold. All of his attention is 
devoted to his present farm, and here he follows a line of general 
farming and engages quite extensively in dairying, keeping for the 
latter purpose several head of milch cows, and it is his intention 
to make this present farm a permanent home. All of Mr. Hager- 
man's accumulations are the result of his own efforts, assisted by his 
good wife, and he is now numbered among the prosperous farmers 
of the county. Politically he is of the same faith as his father, but 
has never aspired to hold' public ofifice. On Oct. 19, 1887, was cele- 
l)rated his union to Miss Clara Rothfuss, of Riga township, who 
was born Nov. 5, 1867. Her parents were John and Elizabeth 
fKappler) Rothfuss, both born in Baden. Germany. Coming to 
this countrv, settling in Michigan, and finally locating in Riga 
township, Mr. Rothfuss followed farming for the remainder of his 
life, spending his last days in Blissfield, where he died in 1904, his 
wife, Elizabeth, having passed away in 1898. Mr. Rothfuss was 
married twice, his second wife being a sister of the first. Of this 
first union were born three children, as follows: John, who lives in 



300 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

Blissfield; Sophia, wife of Michael Ricklaw, of Toledo; and Rosie, 
who is Mrs. Fred. Knapp, of Ogden township. When his first wife 
died, Mr. Rothfuss was living in Monroe county, and at the time 
of his second marriage he came to Riga township. Of this second 
marriage seven children were born namely: Lona, now the wife 
of James Miller, of Blissfield ; William, who lives in the same vil- 
lage; Mary, deceased; Charles, living near Wampler's Lake; 
George, of Blissfield; Clara, wife of our subject; and Frank, who 
occupies the old homestead in Riga township. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hagerman have four children, namely: Elva Leora, born Aug. 15, 
1888; George Robert, born July 4, 1890; Roy Elwood, Dec. 18, 
1893; and Ruth Lorina, May 11, 1895. 

Clarence R. Wheeler, descended from some of the earliest set- 
tlers of this community, was born in Cambridge township, this 
county, April 22, 1866, and is the son of Stephen and Nancy A. 
(Russ) Wheeler. The father was born in Cayuga county. New 
York, and the mother at Pultney, Steuben county, New York, 
June 10. 1834. Our subject's grandfather, Nathaniel S. Wheeler, 
was born in Dutchess county. New York, Sept. 5, 1808. He en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits and was among the early settlers of 
this county, coming here with his father, Thomas Wheeler, and 
taking up government land, their deed from the government being 
dater Sept. 21, 1833. C)ur subject's father resided here till 1867, 
when he sold his Cambridge township farm and moved into Adrian 
township and purchased a home, making that his residence for 
the remainder of his days. His land holdings in Cambridge and 
Franklin were large, but the farms there were sold and his atten- 
tion was confined to the Adrian township homestead. The father 
died in 1885. Coming here when the Wheelers did, it was neces- 
sary for a household to be self-supporting and self-supplying, all 
materials for food and clothing being necessarily made at home, 
and some of the linen made by his ancestors is now in use at Mr. 
Wheeler's home. The flax was raised by the grandfather, carded 
and woven by the grandmother and our subject's mother, and 
the linen is today in a fine state of preservation, notwithstanding 
its half-century of use. Our subject's mother died in 1882, having 
become the mother of four children, namely: Arthur T., who is 
a blacksmith and resides at Geneva, in Rollin township; Perley J., 
a stationary engineer, making his home in Kansas City, Mo. ; Eva 
1., now the wife of John Morton, a farmer residing in Alabama; 
and Clarence R., subject of this review. The education of the last 
named was obtained at the common and the high school at Adrian, 
and he remained at home till nineteen years of age, when he 
began life's work on the farm of a neighborhood. This work was 
followed till the fall of 1887, he having in the meantime made a 
trip to Dakota, in 1886, but he returned and made Hillsdale county 
his home for a year. Returning then to the homestead, he made' 
this his residence till 1892, in which year he went to Montana and 
Dakota and returned to Michigan after a short stop in those states. 
The old homestead was again made his place of abode, and there he 
remained till March 23, 1897, when he sold that farm and removed 



BIOGRAPHICAL 3OI 

to the tract he is now occupying-. This parcel contains 120 acres 
of land and our subject cultivates it in a general way. His farm 
is equipped Avith every convenience for successful husbandry and 
our subject is quite contented to farm Michigan land, thinking it 
preferable to any tillable soil in the country. Politically, Mr. 
Wheeler is independent and has never aspired to hold public ofifice. 
Socially, he is a member of the Maccabees at Adrian and is an en- 
thusiast regarding- the success of that order. On Aug. 14, 1893, 
was celebrated the marriage of our subject and Miss Nellie M. 
Brown, a native of this township, born April 14, 1869. She is the 
daughter of James L. and Maria (Mattis) Brown, both natives of 
New York, the father born Sept. 7, 1831, and died in January, 1902, 
while the mother's birth date was March 10, 1837, and she died in 
1881. To them were born nine children. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Wheeler five children have been born, their names being here re- 
corded in order of birth: Muriel, May 20, 1894; Mildred, June i, 
1897; Glenora Nov. 7, 1899; Ivan, Oct. 12, 1902; and one who died 
in infancy. 

Jonathan Rowland, deceased, a native of the Empire State and 
late one of the prosperous farmers and prominent citizens of Adrian 
township, was born in Manchester, Ontario county, New York, 
Sept. 5, 1832. His parents were Jonathan, Sr., and Mary (Sprague) 
Howland. the father having been born in North Adams, Mass., in 
1789, and the mother was born in Providence, R. I., May 4, 1794, 
her death taking place in Adrian, Sept. 28, 1849. The senior How- 
land went to New York state with his parents at the age of eleven 
and resided there many years. In 1849 he came to Michigan, and 
here his wife died with that dread disease, consumption, shortly 
after arriving. The father's chief interest was in his family and 
he started each of his children into life amply supplied with the 
world's effects and the best education his means and opportunities 
afforded. Coming into Michigan when the country was new, he 
provided a home for all his children and lived to see them well es- 
tablished before his death. The parents of Mary Sprague were na- 
tives of Rhode Island, and their ancestors came from England 
at an early day. The father's death occurred at the home 
of his daughter, the mother of our subject. To the elder Howlands 
were born eight children, six of whom grew to maturity, and two 
died in infancy. All the children of this couple have passed away. 
Our subject was educated at the schools of Manchester, N. Y.. and 
remained with his father all the days of his father's life, looking 
after him and caring for his interests. The father's last days were 
days of sickness and for a number of 3'ears ]:)rior to his death he 
was an invalid. Our subject and his good wife attended him with 
the love of a son and daughter and eased his bed and cheered his 
spirit with a tenderness and care that are worthy of comment and 
reward. At the death of the father all the children had reached 
maturity and the ancestral estate being divided, our subject re- 
ceived a farm of 160 acres, where he thenceforth made his home, 
and where his widow now resides. Our subject passed away. Dec. 
II, 1899. For a period of ten years this worthy gentleman resided 



302 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

in Adrian for the purpose of educating his children at the schools 
of that city, but after their education was completed he removed to 
the farm and there resided for the remainder of his time. In poli- 
tics he was a member of the Republican party, and his church was 
the Presbyterian. Oh Nov. i6, 1854, was celebrated his marriage 
to Miss Emeline A. Snedeker, who was a native of this county, 
born in Palmyra township. Feb. 20, 1838. Her parents were James 
J. and Phoebe (VanAken) Snedeker, the father born in New Jersey, 
June 30, 1802, and the mother in New York state, Feb. 14. 1814. In 
New Jersey the father learned the carpenter's trade, and after- 
ward came to Michigan, where he was married in 1837. and in 
1838 he purchased a farm in Adrian township, where he made his 
home till his death. His wife then came to Adrian and first made 
her home with her son, Dwight, but later came to the home of Mrs. 
Howland and there passed the remainder of her days, her death 
occurring in April, 1896. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Snedeker, as follows: Emeline A., wife of our subject; Adeline A., 
l)orn in 1840, who became the wife of Reuben Sayers, her death oc- 
curring in 1909; and Dwight and Duane. twins, the latter of whom 
died in early boyhood and the former resides in Adrian and follows 
the trade of carpenter and builder. To Mr. and Mrs. Howland 
four children were born, namely: David L., born March 13, 1856, 
married Maria Tompkins, and has one child, Winifred, all residing 
on a farm near the old homestead ; Nicholas A., born Dec. 24, 1857, 
now living in Tecumseh, is a machinist, and is married to Cornelia 
Pangborn ; Frank A. is a practicing physician of Adrian ; and Fred 
J., born Jan. 24, 1872. resides in Jackson, where he is employed by 
George W. Lumbard, an extensive manufacturer of soft drinks. 
He is married to Mary Ina Blood, of Tecumseh, of wdiich union 
there has been born one child — Clarence C. Fred J. remained at 
home working- on the farm until his father's death. Then, after a 
short period spent at teaming in Adrian, he went to Tecumseh and 
entered the employ of the Lake Shore railroad, and he also for 'a 
time had charge of an oil business which supplied the city. In 
1906 he entered his present employment at Jackson. Mrs. How- 
land, the mother, resides on the old home place, although she has 
a pleasant home in Adrian, as she prefers the peace and quiet of 
the country, in which environment her life has been spent. [For 
the ancestral history of Jonathan Howland, see page 157 of this 
volume. — Ed.] 

Nathan A. Bailey, one of the well known farmers and stock- 
raisers of Adrian township and Avhose circle of friends, acquaint- 
ances and customers has been extended by his business of thresh- 
erman, was born on the farm that is now his home. May 20, 1841. 
His parents were Paschal D. and Mary Ann (Rowley) Bailey, both 
born in Oneida county. New York. The elder Bailey always fol- 
lowed an agricultural life and his farm was acquired direct from the 
government, his title deeds having been signed by President An- 
drew Jackson. This tract of virgin land was converted into a fine 
farm and brought to a high state of cultivation, and here where he 
labored and fought the wilderness the father passed away in 1877, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 3O3 

his wife, the mother of the subject of this review, having died 
June 22, 1855. In politics the senior was an ardent Democrat and 
had held several offices, including that of justice of the peace. Both 
parents were members of the Methodist Episcopal church. They 
had been married in the state of New York and four children were 
born to them, as follows : Caroline, widow of George lladley, a 
farmer of Manistee county, this state; Nathan A.; Elnora, who 
became the wife of Robert Sloan, now deceased, and lives in 
Adrian township ; and Herman C, who is a farmer of Franklin 
township. Nathan A. Bailey attended school at the district school- 
house and resided at home till his twenty-first year, after which 
he worked for his father by the month. This was continued for 
three years and then the farm was operated on the shares, and he 
also became interested in threshing and followed this latter pur- 
suit for twenty-five years. In 1872 a farm was purchased in 
Franklin township, which land was tilled for six years, and then 
the heirs to his father's homestead were bought out and the old 
home place has been his residence since that time. In this farm he 
has 120 acres, but in section 2 of the same township he also has 
seventy-three acres, and both are conducted from the one house. 
His principal line is stock-raising and feeding, but he is engaged in 
general farming. Each year some stock is bought and fed for the 
market and fine cattle are bred. He also takes pleasure in raising 
some good horses. The strenuous work of threshing has been 
given up and the farm now receives his entire attention. In poli- 
tics Mr. Bailey is a Democrat and has held various public offices, 
having been supervisor four terms, and he has been road super- 
visor and has held various school offices. On Oct. i, 1868, he was 
united in marriage to Miss Lydia Mapes, who was born in Frank- 
lin township. May 25, 1846. She was the daughter of David \\'il- 
son and Nancy (Hardy) Mapes, the father a native of Orange 
county. New York, born in 1811, and the mother was from the 
Granite State, where she was born in 1818. Mrs. Mapes died in 
185 1, nineteen years after the family had settled in Michigan. 
AMiile this was a territory the Mapes family came to Michigan and 
located on government land, and here the father continued till 
1868, when he went to Manistee and engaged in horticulture till 
his death in 1879. In politics Mr. Mapes was a Whig in the early 
days and afterward became a Republican, and he had been elected 
to the office of justice of the peace while in this county. Mr. 
Mapes was twice married and the father of eleven children. Mrs. 
Bailey is a daughter of the first marriage and has six full brothers 
and sisters. They are: William F., deceased; David J., a re- 
tired farmer living in Ousted; Ezra L., living in Knoxvillc, Tcnn. ; 
Cornelia A., deceased; Consider Al])honso, killed in the battle ()f 
the Wilderness while serving with the Seventeenth Michigan regi- 
ment in the Union army; and Horace J., a merchant in Missouri. 
Mr. Mapes' second wife was Miss Lucy Armstrong and four chil- 
dren were born of that union: Mary Elizabeth, who is Mrs. Luther 
Whittier, of Waukegan, Ills.; Geo'rge Marion, of xManistee; Eber 
Lincoln, deceased; and Seward Henry, who resides in Franklin 



304 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

township, where he operates a farm. To Mr. and Mrs. Bailey four 
children have been born, namely : Mary N., born July 15, 1870, now 
residing- with her parents; Mertie Estella, born June 22, 1872, is 
the wife of Benjamin Emery, and resides near Mr. Bailey's resi- 
dence; Arthur N., born Jan. 13, 1874, married Nellie Burns, now 
deceased, and is the father of two children — Lyle and Zelma — the 
former born in 1898 and the latter in 1899, both children residing 
with Mr. and Mrs. Bailey, the subjects of this review. The fourth 
child died in infancy. Mrs. Bailey belongs to the Grang-e and also, 
to the Ladies' Aid Society. 

Robert Power, deceased, for nine years superintendent of the 
county farm and later a prosperous farmer of Palmyra township, 
was born at Monroe, Monroe township, March 18, 1846. He was 
the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Power, both natives of the state 
of New York, who came to Monroe county early in its history. 
Later in their lives they came to Lenawee county and passed the 
remainder of their days with their children. Of the nine children 
born to them, six are living. Reuben is living retired in Adrian ; 
Daniel lives on his stock ranch of 800 acres in North Dakota; 
Emeline is the widow of Hiram Westgate and resides with her 
brother in North Dakota; Pauline is the wife of Nelson Westgate, 
a farmer of Raisin township ; Minerva is the wife of William Flagg, 
a farmer living near Grand Rapids, Mich. ; and Leonard is a resi- 
dent of Lenawee Junction. Robert Power, the subject of this re- 
view, attended the district schools in Monroe county. His parents 
were people of limited means and the force of circiniistances neces- 
sitated his making his owm living as soon as he was able. Up to 
the time of his marriage he w^orked for others engaged, in farm- 
ing, and then rented the farm where his widow now resides. After 
a year he removed to a farm near Sand Creek, the property being 
known as the Peter Bailey farm, and by the following year had 
accumulated sufficient to purchase a 30-acre tract in Palmyra town- 
ship. This property remained his home but a year, however, and 
then being able to realize a good profit by the sale of it he sold it 
and for the three years immediately following was engaged in farm- 
ing on rented property in Madison township. For a period of 
three years thereafter he was engaged in working leased land in 
Dover township, which he left to become superintendent of the 
county farm. After nine years in this position he purchased the 
tract of 115 acres where his widow now resides, and gradually added 
to it until at the time of his death he was the owner of 244 acres 
of some of the finest land in the township. He made most of the 
improvements and brought the soil to its highest point of pro- 
ductiveness. Since her husband's death, Mrs. Power has built a 
large and commodious barn for the purpose of storing the hay and 
grain, and has maintained the place with the same degree of ex- 
cellence that characterized her husband's management. During the 
last year of the war, Mr. Power served as a private in the Eighteenth 
Michigan infantry and participated in many of the large battles 
which marked the close of that historic struggle. In his political 
relations he was a stanch supporter of the men and measures of 




EOBEET POWER 



THE NEW 

PUE; ^ 



^Sro«, LE.N'OX A.ND 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 



BIOGRAPHICAL 305 

the Republican party, but never aspired to hold office. On March 
18, 1871, Mr. Power was happily married to Miss Sarah Fletcher, 
born at Eagleville, Pa., Dec. 24, 1846, the daughter of Andrew and 
Polly (Gardner) Pletcher. The father was a farmer and brought 
his family to Lenawee county in 1837, locating on a farm of 160 
acres near Morenci, which he conducted for a number of years, then 
for five years lived on another farm, and finally settled in Madison 
township, where he lived .until his death in 1891, three years after 
his wife's demise. Mr. and Mrs. Pletcher were the parents of four 
children, three of whom survive. Clara is the wife of Royal 
Youngs, residing near Morenci ; Sarah married Robert Power, of 
this sketch ; and Odell is a farmer in Madison township. Two 
daughters were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Power, 
namely Edith and Lottie May, now living with their mother. 
Lottie May received her education at Raisin Valley Seminary, and 
Edith attended the district schools of Madison township. 

Frank D. Smith, a successful farmer and stock-raiser of Adrian 
township, was born on the farm that is now his home, Nov. 7, 
1862. He is a son of Asa and Samantha (Maynard) Smith, both 
natives of New York state, where the father was born Nov. 18, 
1815, at Clifton Springs, Ontario county, and the mother Dec. 23, 
1821, in Broom county. At the age of twenty-one the father came 
to Michigan and acquired land direct from the government. The 
country was a wilderness, and he walked from Sylvania, Ohio, to 
his destination. This land was improved and cultivated and the 
elder Smith spent the remainder of his days here, his death occur- 
ring July 16, 1901, and his wife preceded him to the grave, her 
demise occurring Oct. 13, 1900. In politics the senior Smith was a 
Democrat, but never aspired to hold public office. Our subject 
had four brothers and sisters, their names being here set forth : 
Delophene is the widow of James N. Moore, of Jackson ; x\delbert 
resides at Cherryvale, Montgomery county, Kansas ; John A. re- 
sides at Jackson and is an engineer on the Michigan Central rail- 
way; and Luella M. is the wife of Charles B. Palmer, who resides 
on State street in Adrian, and is agent for the New York Life In- 
surance Company. Frank D. Smith was educated at the district 
schools of his native township. His entire life has been spent on 
the farm where he now resides, and from the age of fifteen he has 
practically had charge of the same. This parcel consists of 100 
acres and our subject is engaged in general farming and raises 
stock for market and dairy purposes. His cattle are of the Hol- 
stein breed, and he is a well known breeder of this strain of 
dairy cattle. Mr. Smith devotes all his energies to his farm work, 
in which line he has attained success, and it is his intention to 
spend the remainder of his days on the place where he was born. 
One of the finest herds of Holstein cattle in the county is to be 
found on Mr. Smith's farm and there are sixteen head of blooded 
stock there. Socially, Mr. Smith is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men, having been a charter member of that order in Adrian, and 
in politics he is a Democrat on all national affairs, but locally is 
independent. Never an aspirant for any office he has served his 

20-2V 



3o6 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

county as an elector only, feeling that if his ballot has been prop- 
erly cast according to his best judgment and conscience his duty 
is well done. On Jan. 4, 1883, our subject was united in the bonds 
of wedlock with Alice Gulliver, who was born in Bangor, Me., Oct. 
31. 1864. Her father, Clark Gulliver, was born in Maine in 1817, 
but died during the infancy of our subject's wife, and her recollec- 
tion of her father is only vague. Her mother, Mary (Pierce) Gulli- 
ver, was born in 1831, and died May 4, 1877, and to them were born 
six children, Mrs. Smith only surviving. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have 
three children, namely: Otis R., born Dec. 7. 1884, resides at home; 
Wilbur L., born May 18, 1890, is now employed with the Fisk 
Publishing Company of Springfield, 111. ; and Edna M., born June 
13, 1891, graduated from the Adrian High School in the class of 
1909, and lives at home. 

Jacob Zumstein, wdio within the past few years became a citi- 
zen of this comity, but whose thrift and energy have given him 
foremost rank among his brethren, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., Oct. 
I, 1858. He is of German descent, his parents having been born 
in the Fatherland, the father, Lewis Zumstein, on Aug. 15, 181 5, 
and the mother on July 6, 1821. The elder Zumstein lived a useful 
life, accumulated quite a fortune and' finally passed away in 1886, 
his wafe living a widow several years and dying March 27, 1908. 
Lewis Zumstein was a blacksmith by trade and early occupation 
and arrived in America in 1832. His first location was on a farm 
near Buffalo and there he lived till the last few years of his life, 
finally retiring from the farm, moving into Buffalo, and spending 
his last days in that city. The new country had been a land of 
promise to him and he had prospered, gathering a snug fortune and 
living his sunset days in the quiet enjoyment of his home and 
family. To him and wife were born eight children, namely : Betsey 
(Buecher), now living in Clarence, N. Y. ; Susan, Kathren and 
Louis, who reside in Buffalo, as does also Mary (Spohr), whose 
husband is deceased, and Louise (Blarr) ; Samuel W. ; and Jacob, 
who is the subject of this review. Our subject received his educa- 
tion at the schools of Buffalo and after his school days were com- 
pleted worked on his father's farm till his twenty-first year. Then 
leaving the farm he began to work at the carpenter's trade and 
he followed this work in the city of Buffalo for some time. Finally, 
he branched into the business of contracting and building and this 
engaged his attention for several years, each year being one of 
greater success than its predecessor, and in this branch of the 
building industry our subject remained till 1900. In that year he 
came to Michigan and bought a farm in Adrian township and has 
since continued to make this county his home. His farm is located 
about one-half mile west of the city of Adrian. For the first year 
or two after arriving in this vicinity he followed his building trade, 
but for the past seven years, his health being impaired, he has 
given his entire attention to his farm. On Sept. 16. 1896, in the 
city of Adrian, occurred his marriage to Miss Laura Muck, daugh- 
ter of George and Saloma (Maumiller) Muck, who were residents 
of Adrian township. Mr. and Mrs. Muck were natives of New 



BIOGRAPHICAL 307 

York State, where he was born April 25. 1836, and his wife, Sept. 
29. 1839. Their first location in that state was in Jackson county, 
and there they remained from 1853 to 1863. in which last named 
year they removed into Palmyra township, this county, and made 
their home for a like period. From 1873 to 1881 they lived on an 
Adrian township farm, but in the last-mentioned year their loca- 
tion was changed to another home in the same township and there 
they are now residing' this last home being- aljout three miles from 
the city of Adrian. Mr. and Mrs. Muck were married in Bufifalo, 
Sept. 28, 1858. and they have nine children, as follows: Cathren 
(Henick). born Sept. 22. 1859, and died Sept. 24, 1893; Laura, who 
died at the age of two years; George P., born Oct. 22, 1867; Emma 
(Deermyer), born July 12, 1869; Elizabeth (Reisig), born Aug. 
26, 1872; ^^'^lliam, born Oct. 30, 1874; Albert, born Nov. 9, 1878; 
Clara, born Jan. 9, 1877; and Laura, wife of our subject, who was 
born Aug. 6, 1865, and named for her deceased sister. Mrs. Zum- 
stein received her education at the district schools and also at the 
German school, in which latter institution she graduated in the 
spring of 1879. To Mr. and Mrs. Zumstein have been born three 
children, namely: Douglas, born May 8, 1899; Lillian S., born 
Oct. 17. 1900, and Florence, born May 12. 1903. 

Philemon Chapman, deceased, one time resident and respected 
citizen of Adrian township, was born in Pennsylvania, Dec. 15, 
1833. His parents, Collins and Katherine (Van Sickle) Chapman, 
were Eastern people, the father a native of Connecticut, and the 
mother's original home was in New Jersey. Their married life was 
spent in Pennsylvania and New York, and in the latter state they 
died and were buried. Their lives had been spent in an agricultural 
way and on their farm their son worked during his boyhood. In 
the local schools of the New York state home the son was edu- 
cated, and during his sixteenth year he left the parental roof and 
began his real work in life as a farm hand. This was followed by 
various other pursuits, among them having at divers times been 
employed at a hotel, and while engaged at these varied callings the 
next fifteen years of his life rolled around. Having in his occupa- 
tions come to Michigan in his thirtieth year, a farm was purchased 
in Seneca township of this county, and this was tilled by him for 
the next thirty-three years. Later this parcel was sold and another 
tract purchased in Adrian township. This farm contained ninety 
acres and was kept intact till shortly before the death of our sub- 
ject, when fifty acres were sold, and the remainder is now the home- 
stead of Mrs. Chapman. Mr. Chapman died May 11, 1905. His 
success in life was the result of his efforts and that of his good 
wife. Politically he was a stalwart in the ranks of the Democratic 
party, but never was an aspirant for public office. On Sept. i, i860, 
occurred his marriage to Miss Alvira Bates, daughter of Caleb and 
Malentha (Powell) Bates, who originally came from the state of 
New York. Mrs. Chapman was born in Cattaraugus county, New 
York. July 30. 1840. Her parents were natives of New York state, 
the father having been born Nov. 24. 1809. and the mother's birth 
took place at Sodus and the date. Dec. 9, 1818. They came to this 



3o8 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

county at an early day and first located in Rome township, where 
the grandfather of Mrs. Chapman had taken up g-overnment land, 
and afterward died in this county. After the marriage of Mr. and 
Mrs. Bates they removed to their own farm and this was their home 
for the remainder of their lives, and here Mr. Bates died at the age 
of ninety, his wife having died in 1897, two years previous to the 
husband's demise. Four children had been born to this couple, of 
whom Mrs. Chapman was the eldest. The others were Porter, now 
deceased ; Juliet, who became the wife of Eugene Sayers, and makes 
her home in Adrian, and Elenora, who is Mrs. William Hood, and 
resides in Rome township. To Mr. and Mrs. Chapman two chil- 
dren were born — Alva, and one who died in infancy. Alva Chap- 
man was born April 23, 1862, and married Emma Gleason, of Fay- 
ette, Ohio. To them these children have been born : Arline, who 
became the wife of Homer Van Doren, and resides in Adrian town- 
ship, the mother of two children, Carl and Kenneth, both at home ; 
and Goldie, born June 9, 1890, now Mrs. Kelsy Lawrence Powell. 
Mr. Powell was born in Rollin township, April 27, 1890, and is a 
son of Henry Powell, of Sand Lake. To Mr. and Mrs. Powell two 
children, Stanley A. and Lawrence Henry, have been born. Their 
home is with Mrs. Chapman, widow of the subject of this review. 
William Phillips, who died at his homestead, in Hudson, Jan. 
29, 1899, '^'^''^s a man who gained a position of independence and 
definite prosperity through his own energy and ability, and he stood 
as a type of loyal and useful citizenship. He was a man honest, 
candid and tipright ; he viewed life from the right perspective, and 
his entire career was such as to justify the popular confidence and 
esteem in which he was uniformly held. He was one of the pro- 
gressive agriculturists of Hudson township, w^here he maintained 
his home for many years, and it is most consonant that in this a'oI- 
ume be given a due recognition of his worthy life and fruitful in- 
dustry. Mr. Phillips was a native of the old Buckeye State, since 
he was born in Erie county, Ohio, Jan. 3, 1833. He was the sec- 
ond in order of birth of the ten children of Thomas and IMargaret 
.Phillips, the former of whom was born April 25, 1789, and the lat- 
ter June 14, 1798. His parents were numbered among the ster- 
ling pioneers of Ohio, where his father developed a farm from the 
virgin forest and became one of the honored citizens of his com- 
munity. The parents continued to reside in Ohio until they were 
summoned from the scene of life's activities. Owing to the condi- 
tions and exigencies of time and place, the early educational ad- 
vantages accorded to the subject of this memoir were very limited. 
He attended the district schools of his native county in an irregular 
way during his boyhood, but while still a mere lad he assumed per- 
sonal responsibilities as one of the world's workers. At an early 
age he entered the employ of a railroad company, first as brakeman, 
then fireman and eventually engineer, which line of pursuit he con- 
tinued to follow for several years, but he finally decided to engage 
in farming, and went to DeKalb county, Indiana, where he had 
purchased a tract of eighty acres of land, while engaged on the 
railroad, the major portion of which land was still covered with the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 309 

native timber. He set himself valiantly to the task of developing 
his farm, and upon this homestead he continued to reside about ten 
years, at the expiration of which he sold the property and removed 
with his family to Lenawee county, where his interests thereafter 
were centered until his demise. Soon after his arrival in this coun- 
ty he purchased eighty acres of land in Hudson township. Here 
he developed one of the model farms of the county, and the ap- 
pearance of the homestead today well indicates how careful and 
well directed were his efforts during the long intervening years, 
for when he assumed possession of the farm only a minor portion 
was cleared, and the improvements in other ways were of the most 
meager sort. He brought his land into a high state of cultivation. 
In 1880 he sold his farm interests and purchased a home in Hud- 
son, where he died. His industry was unflagging and his strength 
"was as the number of his days." His life work counted for good 
in all its relations, for it was not hedged in by selfishness or in- 
tolerance, and he gained a secure place in the confidence and good 
will of all with whom he came in contact. Ever loyal to the duties 
and responsibilities of citizenship, he took a deep interest in local 
afifairs of a public nature and was a stanch advocate of the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, though he never sought nor desired 
public office. He was a lifelong and consistent supporter of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, of which his widow also is a devoted 
adherent. She resides in Hudson, which is endeared to her through 
the memories and associations of many years. Since the death of 
her husband, however, Mrs. Phillips has erected a commodious and 
comfortable residence on the west side in the city of Hudson, which 
she occupies, but she still retains the ownership of the old home 
on the east side. On Jan. 15. 1852, Mr. Phillips was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Magdalena Fisher, who was born and reared in Ohio 
and who is a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Miller) Fisher. Her 
father was a successful farmer in Richland county, Ohio, and was 
one of the honored and influential citizens of his community. His 
genealogy is traced back in an authentic and detailed way to the 
Sixteenth century, and in the various generations the name has 
been most commonly identified with the great basic art of agricul- 
ture. The family was founded in America in the Colonial epoch. 
John and Elizabeth (Miller) Fisher became the parents of four 
sons and eight daughters, and of the number the only two now 
living are Mrs. Phillips and Mrs. Christina Keller, the latter of 
whom is a resident of Neodasha, Kan. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips had 
no children. 

Darius Rice merits recognition in the columns of this publica- 
tion by reason of being one of the substantial farmers of Adrian 
township, and one of the worthy representatives of an honored pio- 
neer familv of the county, where the major portion of his life has 
been passed and whence he went forth as a loyal soldier of the 
Union in the Civil war. Mr. Rice was born in Orleans county. 
New York, July 8, 1836, and is a son of Orrin and Sarah (Gerrey) 
Rice, both likewise natives of the old Empire State of the Union, 
where the former was born in 1812, and the latter in 1814. The 



3IO 



MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 



father was engaged in farming in Orleans county, New York, until 
he had attained to the age of thirty-one years, when, in 1843, he 
came with his family to Michigan. In the autumn of that year he 
located on a farm in Seneca township, Lenawee county, and there 
he passed the residue of his life. He was a man of absolute in- 
tegrity and honor, and while he never acquired wealth he was not 
denied that better tribute, the confidence and esteem of his fellow 
men. He died March 13, 1876, and his widow on June 9, 1898. Of 
their eight children two died in infancy and the subject of this re- 
view was the eldest of the number. Juliet is the wife of Moses 
Reynolds, of Branch county, this state ; Rufus was a soldier in the 
Eleventh Alichigan infantry in the Civil war, and is now deceased ; 
Silas was born July 12, 1843. and died in 1870. Darius Rice, the 
immediate subject of this sketch, was a lad of seven years at the 
time of the family removal from the East to Lenawee county, and 
his early educational advantages were those afforded in the some- 
what primitive district schools of Seneca township. After leaving 
school he finally went to Washtenaw county, where he learned 
the painter's trade, and there he also operated a small farm, in the 
vicinity of the city of Ypsilanti, which was then a mere village. 
During the major portion of his active business career he has fol- 
lowed his trade to a greater or less extent, though his regular vo- 
cation has been that of farming. In 1861 he returned to Lenawee 
county, and at the inception of the Civil war he forthwith tendered 
his services in defense of the Union. He enlisted as a private in 
Company C, First Michigan cavalry, with which he proceeded to 
the front and with which he was in active service for somewhat 
more than a year. At the expiration of his term he received his 
honorable discharge and returned to the city of Adrian, where he 
worked at his trade until the autumn of 1866, when he purchased 
his present farm of twenty-tw^o acres, in sections 19 and 30, Adrian 
township, where he has since maintained his home. He has brought 
the farm under effective cultivation and has made good improve- 
ments of a permanent nature, including the erection of the present 
buildings. Care and good management have kept the place up to 
a high standard, and Mr. Rice has reason to be proud of his home- 
stead and of the success which he has gained through his own ef- 
forts. In politics he gives his allegiance to the Republican party, 
and he is a valued member of the Adrian Post of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and also of its Home Missionary Society. In the city of 
Adrian, March 28, 1864, Mr. Rice was united in marriage to Miss 
Abigail Turner, who was born in the state of New York, Oct. 2, 
1835, and who is a daughter of Lee and Betsey (Harwick) Turner, 
the former of whom was born in Maine and the latter in the state 
of New York, where their marriage was solemnized Feb. 23, 1831. 
About 1839 Mr. Turner came with his family to IMonroe county, 
Michigan, and settled near the village of Pete'rsburg, where he en- 
gaged in farming until the death o'f his wife. May 16, 1844. He 
then started by way of the Great Lakes for a visit in New York 
state, and was drowned in Lake Erie, where a storm wrecked the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 3II 

vessel on which he had taken passage. In his family were six chil- 
dren, of whom ]\Irs. Rice was the first in order of birth ; Alonzo 
died in Kentucky during- the Civil war; Sarah (Sterns) resides in 
the city of Adrian. Betsey died when a girl of thirteen years, and 
Mary Jane at the age of ten months, and Alfonso W., who was a 
soldier in the Civil war, contracted consumption while in the ser- 
vice of the Union and later died from the effects of this dread dis- 
ease. Mr. and Mrs. Rice have no children of their own, but they 
have reared and educated as their daughter. Miss Mabel Swarth- 
out, who was born July 27, 1880, and who was taken into their 
home when she was a child of three years. 

Joseph Nash, deceased, whose latter days were spent in Pal- 
myra township, where he was prominent and prosperous, and 
whose early years were spent in commercial pursuits throughout 
this and foreign countries, was born in London, England, May ^4, 
1830. His parents were Joseph, Sr., and Nancy Nash, both natives 
of England. Joseph Nash, Sr., spent all his life in the employment 
of a large ship-building company, whose ship-yards were in Lon- 
don, and his last days were brightened with the satisfaction of 
life's work well done and the gift of a pension which his employers 
allotted to him as a reward for his faithfulness. His death oc- 
curred in London in his seventy-seventh year. Ten children 
were born to Joseph, Sr., and Nancy Nash — eight girls and two 
boys. Joseph, Jr., was the youngest of this family and two of the 
sisters came to America, one of whom is living in Cleveland, Ohio, 
and the other in Buft'alo, N. Y. Joseph Nash, who is the subject 
of this review, was educated at Updyke's School in London, where 
he was thoroughly drilled in academic and business courses. His 
first work in life was with a wine-importing house, where he acted 
as clerk. In 1849, ii'' his twentieth year, he came to America and 
went to Joliet, 111., where he obtained a position as clerk in a store 
and kept the accounts. His next position was in Lockport, with a 
firm of attorneys, and later he accepted a clerkship in Chicago with 
the Lake Shore & Alichigan Southern railroad. His work with the 
railway company was in the freight department, but the climate 
of Chicago did not agree \yith him and his rheumatism demanded a 
change. We next find him in Cuba for his health, and from there 
he went to Knoxville, Tenn., and acted as clerk to Captain Whit- 
man, who was quartermaster of the Union army in that city. Re- 
maining in this place till the close of the war. his next location was 
Nashville, in the same state, and finally in Memphis, where he be- 
came agent of the C. V. railroad, and remained there for twenty 
years. In 1877 he purchased a farm in Palmyra township and for 
the next ten years rented it, but in 1887, desiring to quit railway 
service, he came to his farm and spent the remainder of his da^'s. 
As a farm owner he was successful and owned one of the finest 
farms in this section. The buildings were large and fitted with all 
appliances for the successful handling of his produce and feeding 
large numbers of stock, and his reputation as one of the successfijl 
and affluent farmers of the county was always maintained. Some 
time was given to his township, and for several years he served 



312 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

as treasurer of the local school board. His death took place Jan. 
lo, 1907, and he is mourned by a host of friends. On Feb. 8, i860, 
Mr. Xash was united in marriage to Miss Rachel, daughter of 
William and Jeannette (Miller) Pennman, of Toledo, Ohio. Both 
the father and mother of Mrs. Nash were natives of Scotland, from 
which country they came to Quebec, Canada, and located for a 
short time. From that city they journeyed to Toronto, or near 
there, where Mr. Pennman worked at his trade of mill-wright. 
Toronto was ever after the home of Mr. Pennman and' in 1845 he 
passed away. After his death, his widow became the wife of Henry 
Snider, and her death occurred in Toledo, Ohio, in 1873. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Pennman were born five children, as follows : Agnes 
(Cavoe), now living in Adrian; Andrew, who served the Union 
during the Civil war, and died shortly after its close from disease 
contracted in the service; Marguerite (Riddle), who makes her 
home in Adrian ; Thomas, who died in 1873, in Toledo, and Rachel, 
who was born in Canada, July 15, 1840, and educated in that coun- 
try and at Monroe, Mich. No children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Nash, but two children of Mr. Nash's sister were taken and reared 
by them. These children were Susan W. Skellett, now living in 
Memphis, Tenn., and Sinclair Skellett. The latter was given a 
good education and became an opera singer, but was taken sick 
at Cleveland, Ohio, while touring with one of his companies, and 
died in December, 1908. Mrs. Nash is a member of the Free Meth- 
odist church, and resides in Adrian, 

Adelbert Baldwin is engaged in the general trucking and dray- 
ing business in the village of Morenci, where he is well known and 
enjoys unmistakable popularity. He was born in Fulton county, 
Ohio, Aug. 5, 1862, and is a son of Lucian and Celeste (Richards) 
Baldwin, the former of whom was born in Massachusetts and the 
latter in Michigan. Lucian Baldwin was an infant at the time of 
his parents' emigration from the East to the state of Ohio, where 
he was reared to maturity on the home farm and where his educa- 
tional advantages were those afforded by the common schools. He 
eventually became the owner of a valuable farm and his entire ac- 
tive career was devoted to agricultural pursuits, in which he was 
duly successful. He died in Morenci, in January, 1897, and there 
his widow now resides. The honored father is survived by four 
children: Adelbert, the immediate subject of this sketch; John, a 
resident of Morenci; Mrs. Jennie Roberts, of Jackson, this state; 
and Mrs. Gertrude Rogers, of Allen, Hillsdale county. Adelbert 
Baldwin is indebted to the public schools of Morenci for his early 
educational training, which included a course in the high school, 
and after leaving school he was here employed about one year by 
his uncle, Cyrus Baldwin, who was engaged in the draying busi- 
ness. He then became associated with farm work, but later resumed 
'his position in the employ of Cyrus Baldwin, and in 1890 he estab- 
lished an independent dray line in Morenci. He sold th.e business 
about one year later to Elmer Porter, and then removed to Defi- 
ance, Ohio, where he engaged in the same line of enterprise for 
four years, at the expiration of which he returned to Morenci, where 



BIOGRAPHICAL 313 

he became identified with farming- enterprise and the buying and 
shipping of hve stock. In 1906 he purchased the draying and 
trucking business from William Goodyear, who had succeeded Mr. 
Porter, and he has since given his attention to this business, which 
was virtually founded by him and which is now of substantial and 
profitable order. In politics Mr. Baldwin holds tenaciously to the 
faith of which the Republican party is exponent, and in a fraternal 
way he is identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
On June 30, 1883, Mr. Baldwin was united in marriage to Miss 
Lucy Jane Ferry, daughter of Benjamin and Nancy Jane ( Watkins) 
Ferry, honored pioneers of Lenawee county, whither they came 
from the state of New York. Mr. Ferry became one of the success- 
ful farmers of Blissfield township, where his father had taken up 
a tract of government land, and he continued to reside on his old 
homestead until his death, which occurred in October, 1882. His 
widow now maintains her home in Morenci. Mr. and Mrs. Bald- 
win have no children. 

Joseph E. Powell is one of the successful and progressive 
farmers and stock-growers of his native county, and is the owner 
of his father's old homestead farm, in Seneca township. He was 
born on this farm, Feb. 3, 1871, and is a son of David L. and Fmily 
(Ely) Powell, the former of whom was likewise a native of Seneca 
township and the latter was born in Fayette, Fulton county, Ohio, 
which lies contiguous to Lenawee county. Isaac Powell, grand- 
father of the subject of this review, was born in the state of New 
York, whence he came to Michigan in an early day and took up 
government land in Seneca township, this county, where he re- 
claimed a farm from the forest wilds and where he passed the re- 
mainder of his long and useful life, ever secure in the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow men. David L. Powell was reared to 
maturity in Seneca township, where he was afiforded the advan- 
tages of the pioneer schools, and here he eventually purchased the 
Norman Tuttle farm, which comprises eighty acres of the most 
arable land. He erected the present attractive residence and other 
excellent farm buildings, and became known as one of the substan- 
tial farmers of the county, where it was his to well uphold the 
honors of the name which he bore. He died Dec. 6, 1904, and his 
wife passed away on Aug. 25, preceding. Both were devout mem- 
bers of the Baptist church, and in political matters he was found 
arrayed as a staunch supporter of the cause of the Democratic 
party, though he never sought the honors or emoluments of public 
office. The subject of this sketch is the only child and tlius inher- 
ited the fine old homestead farm upon the death of his honored par- 
ents. He is indebted to the district schools for his preliminary educa- 
tional discipline, which was efifectively supplemented by a course of 
study in the normal school at I'^ayet'te, Fulton county, Ohio. His 
entire active career has been one of consecutive identification w ith 
agricultural pursuits, in connection with which he has been very 
successful, as he has brought to bear progressive ideas and_ mature 
judgment in the handling of the various departments of his farm- 
ing" enterprise, which includes diversified agriculture, the main- 



314 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

taining of a good dairy herd and the breeding of excellent grades 
of live stock. He has made numerous improvements on the farm, 
on which he has provided an effective drainage system, besides 
having reclaimed a number of acres on which the native timber 
was still standing. In politics he is not dominated by partisan- 
ship, but gives his support to njen and measures meeting the ap- 
proval of his judgment. On Sept. 28, 1890, Mr. Powell was united 
in marriage to Miss Stella Metcalf, who was born and reared in 
Seneca township, and who is a daughter of Josiah and Mary 
(Seeley) Metcalf. well known citizens of this section of the state. 
Mr. and Mrs. Powell have three children, namely: Herschel, 
Blanche, and Josiah D. 

Hartwell J. Shaw, the efficient marshal, constable and deputy 
sheriff at Blissfield, was born in Adrian township, June 22. 1855. 
He is a son of John and Samantha (Morse) Shaw, both natives of 
the Empire State, the father having been born in Orleans county 
and the mother in Dutchess county. The father came to Lenawee 
county from his native state when but sixteen years of age, and 
during the larger part of his active career was engaged in the mill 
business at Fairiield. Subsequently he removed to Fountain City, 
Ind., where his death occurred March 7, 1879, some years after the 
mother's demise, which occurred in Fairfield village. Six children 
were born to the parents. Hartford is a farmer near Clarendon, 
Calhoun county, Michigan ; Hartice Ann is married to a Mr. Hoyt 
and lives in Fairfield ; Hartulla first married a Mr. Titchneor, who 
died in 1879, and she then married Horace L. Baker and resides on 
a farm in Fairfield township ; Hartman lives at Fairfield ; and Har- 
tella, now Mrs. Lee, is a resident of Peru, Ind. Hartwell J. Shaw 
received the scholastic training afforded by the district schools in 
Rome and Adrian townships, and then learned the trade of miller 
under the able preceptorship of his father, with whom he worked 
until 1891. In that year he came to Blissfield to accept a position 
as salesman in the implement store of Wilcox & Holt, a position 
which he filled most acceptably for eleven years, until the pressure 
of his official duties necessitated all his attention and he resigned. 
In his political views Mr. Shaw has always been a staunch Repub- 
lican, and two years after coming to Blissfield was the successful 
candidate of his party for election as constable of the township. 
For fifteen years he has filled that position Avith great satisfaction 
to every one concerned. Since 1896 he has also been marshal, by 
appointment, and in 1905 Sheriff O. H. Holt, of the county, com- 
missioned him deputy sheriff' for Blissfield, and he was re-commis- 
sioned Jan. I, 1909. by Sheriff L. Lafayette Knowles. He is the 
only guardian of the peace in the village and township, and the 
orderly, wholesome condition of the community speaks most highly 
for his capacity as an officer. Fraternally Mr. Shaw is promi- 
nentlv identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Rebekahs. In 1874 occurred Mr. Shaw's marriage to Miss 
Josephine Carter, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jewell Carter. Mrs. 
Shaw died on May 10. 1877, leaving one child, Celia, who is the 
wife of Don Davenport, now associated with the firm of Noss 



BIOGRAPHICAL 315 

Brothers, manufacturers, at Fort Wayne, Ind. On March 28, 1880, 
Mr. Shaw was united in marriage, at Morenci, to Miss Ellen Phet- 
terplace, born in Madison township, June 22, 1858, the daughter of 
James and Ann (Still) Phetterplace. Mr. Phetterplace was born 
in Seneca county, New York, March 9, 1826, and died in Fairfield 
in 1877. and his widow is now living in Fayette, Ohio. Two chil- 
dren were the issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Shaw, namely : 
Leonard J., a resident of Blissfield, and Nellie, who died in infancy. 
Oliver H. Holt, ex-sheriff of Lenawee county, and one of its 
prominent and influential citizens, was born in Lyons, Ohio, Dec. 
25. 1852, the son of Frederick and Jane (Gilmore) Holt. His 
father was born in Germany, within eighteen miles of Berlin. 
Learning of the many opportunities open to young men in America, 
the father, when only sixteen years of age, left his native country 
and came alone to the LTnited States. After landing in New York, 
he came west and settled in Lyons, Ohio, where he met and married 
Jane Gilmore, a native of Pennsylvania, and after his marriage 
he engaged in farming near Lyons. Before permanently locating 
in Ohio, the father enlisted for service in the Mexican war. He 
became a member of Company H, First Michigan infantry, but was 
subsequently transferred to Company G, of the same regiment. 
A\'hile in Mexico he was taken sick and was in the hospital in 
Cordova for some time, and was honorably discharged from the 
service at Detroit, Mich. Frederick Holt lived on his farm near 
Lyons all of his life, with the exception of the last two years, . 
which he spent in the village of Lyons, enjoying a well earned 
respite from toil. The parents died within six weeks of each other, 
in 1900. They reared a family of four boys and two girls, of whom 
three sons and one daughter are now living. Oliver H., the sub- 
ject of this sketch, is the eldest; J. C. is now a retired farmer 
of Blissfield and a member of the village council there; Charles 
is a retired farmer, living at Lyons, Ohio, and Harriet is the wife 
of Perry Carpenter, who lives at the same place. All the children 
were born and received their education at Lyons. After Oliver H. 
had finished the course afforded by the Lyons schools, he attended 
Oberlin College, at Oberlin. Ohio, but abandoned his studies at 
the end of two years and engaged in farming. Tn 1871 he moved 
to Riga township. Lenawee county, and there he lived until 1890. 
When he purchased his land it was covered with a heavy growth 
of timber, and it was in a practical wilderness, no road having 
been made to the farm by which to lake in materials and carry 
out the wood. Mr. Holt himself cleared the 120 acres of land, 
improved it and developed one of the finest farms in the county. 
In the above mentioned year he decided to give up farming, and 
he moved to Blissfield. making that village his headquarters during 
the five years he was a traveling salesman for the Smith tS: Pumroy 
Company, of Kalamazoo, dealers in windmills and windmill su])- 
plies. At the close of that period he embarked in the imi)lement 
business and his thorough knowledge of that line made the venture 
a success. He also acted as salesman for the McCormick Har\-ester 
Comjjan}-, hiring men to look after his local lousiness while he 



3l6 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

was on the road. Mr. Holt has always been a public-spirited man, 
and while living in Riga township served at different times as 
town clerk and highway commissioner, devoting much time and 
attention to the welfare of the township. On Jan. i, 1905, Mr. Holt 
removed to Adrian, the county seat, having been honored by his 
■constituents with election as sheriff of Lenawee county. In poli- 
tics he gives staunch support to the men and measures of the 
Republican party, and his election to office has always been as a 
candidate of 'that organization. He is a prominent member of the 
Masonic body, belongs to the Blissfield Chapter of that order. His 
father and mother were members of the Disciples church when 
living, and in the faith of that church he was reared. In March, 
1871, Mr. Holt was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth, the 
daughter of A. H. Jordan, one of the pioneer residents of Fulton 
county, Ohio. Mr. Holt's marriage took place at Morenci, Lenawee 
county. Two children have come to brighten the Holt home. 
Harley J., who now lives in Adrian, and who acted as deputy 
sheriff under his father, but now is a traveling representative of a 
furniture manufacturing concern of Adrian, married Miss Zoe 
Finch, the daughter of Charles Finch, an old settler of Deerfield, 
Lenawee county. For many years Mr. Finch was a conductor 
on the railroad, but is now engaged in farming, and his daughter 
Avas born and received her educational training in Deerfield. 
Xellie, the daughter of Mr. Holt, lives at home with her parents. 
She and her brother were both born in Riga township and educated 
in the Blissfield schools. Mr. Holt held the office of sheriff for four 
years, and has gained a high place in the esteem of his fellow men 
by his sound judgment and warm heart. 

Martin E. Washburn is a well known railroad man of the city 
of Adrian, where he has been a lifelong resident, excepting only 
short periods when his occupation caused him to take up a tempor- 
ary residence elsewhere. He was born in Adrian, March 14, 1842, 
and is the son of Ezra Allen Washburn, who is given more extended 
mention on another page, in the sketch of N. B. Washburn. The 
subject of this review received his education in the schools of his 
native city, and after leaving school he became engaged in the 
railroad business, which he has followed a great deal during an 
exceedingly active career. He has been in the employ of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern road the greater part of the time, 
1)ut for a short period he ran on the Panhandle between Logans- 
port and Chicago. For a number of years, he was engaged in the 
livery business in x^drian, having erected a barn on Washburn 
street. He was elected marshal of the city in 1874, and was re- 
elected each year until 1879, serving in this important office with 
distinction and satisfaction for five consecutive years. He was 
engaged in the saloon business in Adrian for a period of about 
thirteen years, but was decidedly a poor customer at his own bar, 
as he never took a drink in his place of business during that time. 
In politics he gives allegiance to the basic principles of the Demo- 
cratic party, and fraternally he has membership in the Knights of 
the ^Maccabees, the Blue Lodge of the Masonic order, and the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 317" 

auxiliary order of the Eastern Star. On Oct. 6, 1880, ]\Ir. Wash- 
burn was married to Mary Elizabeth Clegg, daughter of James 
Clegg, a former highly respected citizen of Adrian. Of this union 
two daughters were born : Unella, the wife of George Linvell, 
of Muskegon, Mich., and Estella C, who married Harry E. Lowes, 
and also lives in Muskegon. Mrs. \\'ashburn was born in Adrian, 
and received her education in the high school of the place and in 
the Raisin Valley Seminary. The family home is pleasantly 
located at No. 10 AVest Butler street. 

John Wesley Pennington is a representative of one of the early 
pioneer families of Lenawee county and one whose name has here 
been honored through three generations. He himself has been a 
resident of the county from the time of his birth, and his present 
finely improved farm, in Macon township, is a part of the old home- 
stead secured from the government by his father more than half a 
century ago. On this farm John Wesley Pennington was born, 
and the date of his nativity w^as Jan. 21, 1850. He is a son of Joseph 
and Amanda (Ayres) Pennington, the former of whom w^as born 
at Perinton, Alonroe county, New York, May 4, 1820, and the 
latter was born at Sparta, that state, in 1821. Joseph Pennington 
was a son of John and Hannah (Willits) Pennington, both natives 
of the state of New Jersey, where the former was born Aug. 25, 
1778, and the latter Jan. 31, 1789. Both families were founded in 
America in the early Colonial era of our country's history. John 
Pennington came with his family to Michigan in the early years 
of the Nineteenth century, and in 1829 he became a resident of 
Lenawee county, first settling in Raisin township, but securing 
from the government a tract of heavily timbered land in Macon 
township, wdiere he took up his residence in the year mentioned. 
He was practically the first settler in this township, and his was 
the first crop to be raised within its borders — in 1830. ^^"ith the 
aid of his sturdy sons he was enabled to reclaim his farm to culti- 
vation, and he was one of the honored pioneers and representative 
citizens of Macon township, where he lived and lal)ored to goodly 
ends and where he contributed his quota to the development of the 
county in a material and civic way. He remained on his home- 
stead until his death, wdiich occurred Dec. 29, 1860, and his devoted 
wife and helpmeet passed to the life eternal March 26, 1864. They 
became the parents of four sons and two daughters, all of whom 
are now deceased. They were devout members of the Dutch 
Reformed church and were persons of that honest worth which so 
distinctly characterized the noble pioneers of this now favored 
section of a great state. Joseph Pennington was a lad of about 
nine years at the time when his parents took up their abode in 
Lenawee county, and his early educational advantages were limited 
to a somewhat desultory attendance in the primitive log school- 
house of the pioneer days. He waxed strong in mental and physical 
powers under the sturdy discipline of the farm, in whose reclama- 
tion he aided, and in due time he became one of the independent 
and successful agriculturists of the township to whose development 
he had thus contributed. His homestead comprised 160 acres, and 



3l8 MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 

in connection with general farming and stock-growing he also 
maintained a well equipped nursery on his farm for a number of 
years. He was a man of sterling attributes of character and ever 
commanded the high regard of all who knew him. He gave his 
support to the cause of the Republican party from the time of its 
organization until his demise, and his wife was a devout member 
of the Baptist church. They became the parents of three sons and 
one daughter : Hannah is the wife of Daniel Allen, of Ridgeway 
township; Israel, who was a soldier in the Civil war, as a member 
of a regiment of Michigan volunteers, died in the city of Detroit ; 
John Wesley, of this sketch, was the next in order of birth ; and 
Joseph is a resident of Grand Rapids, this state. The devoted wife 
and mother was summoned to eternal rest March 12, 1877, and the 
father passed away March 15, 1896, at the age of seventy-six years. 
John \\"esley Pennington, whose name initiates this article, secured 
his earl}'- education in the district schools of Macon township, and 
here he has ever maintained his home and been actively engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. He owns 136 acres of the old homestead 
farm, and under his direction many desirable improvements have 
been made on the place, which is one of the model farms of this 
part of the county and which is devoted to diversified agriculture 
and to the raising of excellent grades of live stock. Mr. Penning- 
ton manifests the same loyalty and public spirit that character- 
ized his honored father and grandfather, and his political allegiance 
is given without reservation to the Republican party. His wife 
holds membership in the Methodist Episcopal church at Macon 
village. On Oct. 28, 1873, Mr. Pennington was united in marriage 
to Miss Maria Remmington, who was born in Alacon township, 
Feb. 18, 1852, and who is a daughter of James Leonard Remming- 
ton and Elizabeth (Wheeler) Remmington, the former of whom 
was born at Hancock, Mass., June 21, 1814, and the latter was a 
native of the state of New York, whence they came to Lenawee 
county in 1839. Mr. Remmington developed a farm of 140 acres 
in Macon township, and here he continued to reside until his death, 
which occurred May 26, 1894. His wife survived him by several 
years. Of their twelve children, five are now living. Mrs. Rem- 
mington was a daughter of James and Sarah (Chambers) Wheeler, 
who were numbered among the very early settlers of Alacon town- 
ship, where they passed the residue of their lives. Mr. Remming- 
ton was a Republican in politics and he served for a number of 
years in the ofifice of highway commissioner. He and his wife held 
membership in the Methodist Episcopal church. In conclusion is 
entered a brief record concerning the children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Pennington : Mabel, who completed her education in the Tecum- 
seh High School, is the wife of Hovey Xeedham, of Saline town- 
ship, Washtenaw county, and they have two children — George and 
Ruth ; Grant resides in California, is married and has three chil- 
dren— -Glenn, Maria and Gladys; William H. is likewise a repre- 
sentative farmer in Livingston county, Michigan, married Miss 
Lena Dreyer, and they have two children— Lewis and Howard; 
Rocella, who was afforded the advantages of the Tecumseh High 



BIOGRAPHICAL 319 

School, is the wife of Ray Gihiiore, of Macon township ; Ellen is 
the wife of Wilmot Collins, of the same township ; Morris W. is 
associated with his father in the work and management of the home 
farm, and married ]\liss Julia M. Pratt, of Saline township. Washte- 
naw county, Michig-an, May 5, 1909. 

Thomas Russell is numbered among the substantial farmers 
and stock-growers of Lenawee county, where he is the owner of a 
well improved farm, located in Tecumseh and Raisin townships, 
and where he has achieved his present position of independence 
through his own efforts, which have ever been directed with energy 
and discrimination. The fair old Emerald Isle, renowned in song 
and story, figures as the place of Mr. Russell's nativity since he 
was born in County Antrim. Ireland. March 13, 1856. In the same 
section also were born his honored parents. Thomas and Sarah 
(Scott) Russell, in 1813 and 1819. respectively, and both families 
are of staunch Scotch-Irish origin. In his native land the father 
followed farming as his principal vocation, but finally, like many 
another of his countrymen, he decided to establish his home in 
that far-distant land to whose progress, stability and civic enlight- 
enment those of his nationality have contributed in so liberal and 
loyal a measure. He accordingly emigrated to America, about 
the year 1862. and came to Lenawee county and settled in Tecum- 
seh township, wdiere he continued to be identified with agricultural 
pursuits during the remainder of his long and honorable life, whose 
termination marked as its date May 31, 1888. His devoted wife, 
who had been a true helpmeet and devoted companion, survived 
him by nearly a score of years, as her death occurred Dec. 11, 1907. 
They became the parents of four sons and four daughters, all of 
whom are living, except one of the sons. The parents were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church and they exemplified their faith 
in their lives of faithfulness and kindliness. Thomas Russell, the 
immediate subject of this sketch, was afforded in his boyhood and 
early youth the advantages of excellent schools in his native land 
and after the family came to Lenawee county he continued his 
studies for a time in the public schools of Raisin township. In 
initiating his independent career he began working by the month, 
principally in connection with farming, and he continued to be thus 
engaged for a number of years, in the meanwhile carefully conserv- 
ing his resources, as he was determined to gain for himself a posi- 
tion of independence in connection with the normal and legitimate 
activities of life. Thus, in 1891. he was enabled to measurably 
realize his ambitions, for in that year he purchased his present 
homestead farm of iii acres, of which eighty acres are in Tecumseh 
township and thirty-one in Raisin township. He has since bent 
his energies resolutely and with discrimination to the culti\ation 
and improvement of his farm, which is now one of the valuable 
properties of the county and which is equipped with good buildings 
and with the modern accessories which facilitate the work of the 
agriculturist and add to liis returns from the efforts put forth. 
His farm is devoted to diversified agriculture and to the raising 
of excellent grades of live stock. He has brought to bear unflagging 



320 



MEMOIRS OF LENAWEE COUNTY 



energy and mature judgment, and in all departments of his farm 
enterprise he exemplifies that thrift which marks the man of 
resources and correct business principles. The Democratic party 
enlists the support of Mr. Russell, though he has never aspired to 
even local offices of a public nature, and his religious faith is that 
of the Presbyterian church, of which both he and his wife are mem- 
bers. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with Tecumseh Lodge, No. 
190, Knights of Pythias, and the Tecumseh Camp of the Modern 
Woodmen of America, and these affiliations indicate the high 
esteem in which he is held in the county which has represented the 
scene of his endeavors from his youth to the present. Sept. 3, 1879, 
marked an important event in the career of Mr. Russell, since on 
that date was solemnized his marriage to Miss Zeldia McCarberry, 
Avho was born in Macon township, Sept. 24, i860, and who is a 
daughter of Smith and Diana (VanDeventer) McCarberry, the 
former of whom was born in County Antrim, Ireland, March 4, 
1829, and the latter of whom was born July 11, 1828. They located 
in Macon township, about 1858, and the father became one of the 
substantial farmers of this locality. His wife passed away July 11, 
1873, and his death occurred Dec. 14, 1899. Of their seven children, 
three are living. To Mr. and Mrs. Russell also have been born 
seven children, two of whom died in infancy. Of the surviving 
children, the names and respective dates of birth are here indicated : 
Millard S., Aug. 9, 1880; Ina B., May 17, 1885; Floyd, June 24, 
1890; Florence. Jan. 24, 1892; and Ethel, May 21, 1894. 

John Rentz, manager of the Blissfield Telephone Company and 
president of the village of Blissfield, was born at Greenville, Dark 
county, Ohio, on July 9, 1840, the son of Anthony and Elizabeth 
(Baumgardner) Rentz. Both parents were born in Baden, Ger- 
many, and came to the United States shortly after their marriage 
in the early thirties. They settled near Chickasaw, Mercer county, 
Ohio, where the father was actively engaged in farming u