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d!n*j^yM^^f(- 



/ ' MEMOIRS 

. RilV. AMMrROaERS^A. M. 

A CLERGYMAN OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

EDUCATED AT YAtE C0I.LEGE,IN CONNECTICUT ; ORDAINED 
IN TRINITY CHURCH, IN THE CITY OF NEW-YORK ; PERSE. 
CUTED IN THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, ON ACCOUNT OF 
RELIGION AND POLITICS, FOR ALMOST TWENTY YKARS ; 
AND FINALLY 

FALSELY ACCUSED A^'D IJMPBISCKED 

ID Noiwich Jail, for two years, en the charge of crimes fajd to have 
been ctnmitttd in the town ol Gritwold, in the county oJ Kew- 
Lcndofi, when he was not within about ItO miles of the 
place, and of which he Was absolutely as innocent as the 
Judge who pronounced the sentence, or as any oth- 
er person in the worId.«^[iSc€^. 147.] 

A CONCISE VIEW OF THE AUTHORITY, DOCTRINE, AND WOR- 
SHIP, IN THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, AND 
A VBUT VALUABLE INDEX TO THE HOLY BIBLE. 



COMPOSED, COMPILED AND WBITTEN BY THE SAID 

AMMI ROGERS, 

Late Rector of 8t, Peter's Church, in Hebron, Tolland Co, Conn, 

' ' ' ■» ■ — 
• «* Is this nothing to you, all ye that pass by ? Behold and see, if 
there be any sorrow like unto ttveorrcw, wbipb is done unto me."— 
Jeremiah. 

«• quis ialiafando tfwperet a lacrymis ?»»— Virgil.— i. c. " WBo 
can refrain from tears at the relation of such things V* 



ELEVENTH EDITION, 

WITH ADDITIONS, OMISSIONS, AND ALTERATIONS. 



PRINTED BY KNOWLTON &RIC1E, 

FOR THE AUTHOR. 
* ' 

1846, 



TOWN OF CORINTH».- . 

Co. of SaPhtoga, State of JV, York, Jan. 18, 1838. 
rRENEWEp 23d June 1841.] ...... ^ 

We, the undersfgneJi dojpertify that^ ^e reside m 
the nefghbdrhood of the Rev. Ammi Rc^rs, anh have beei^er^nally 
and weH acquainted with him for many years last past, (' Mr. Rogers* 
was a settled minister in this county for many years ; has resided a great 
part of the time, and been weW known and acquainted in this county 
tor more than forty years last past,') and we do consider him to be a 
man of truth and veracity, a man of integrity, punctual in his dealings, 
and, as far as we are acquainted, of pood moral character. 

And we have examined his LETTERS of ORDERS ; it appears 
from them, and from other documents produced by him, that he now 
is, (January 18, 1838, a minister of the Gospel in the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, and in good standing. 

Bemjasiin Cowj.es, Justice of the Peace. 
O B A D I A H Wood , Justice of the Peace, 
Edward Edwards, Justice of the Peace, 
WiKDilpR Brown, Justice of the Peace, amd Superm* 

sor of the Town of Corinth, 
Charles Carpenter, Toum Clerk of Corinth, 

Saratoga County, Clerk's Office, 

I, Alpheus Goodrich, Clerk of said County of Saratoga, do certify, 
that Benjamin Cowles, Windsor Brown, Edward EdwVds and Oba- 
diah Wood, Esqrs. are at this date acting Justices of the Peace in the 
town of Corinth in said county. And I further certify that Windsor ■ 
Brown, Esq. is reputed and believed to be the acting supervisor of the 
town of Corinth in said county ; and further that Charles Carpenter is 
reputed and believed to be the acting town clerk of the aforesaid town 
of Corinth, at this date. 

_, ^ In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 
fn W affixed my official seal, this 23d day of March, 1838. 

A. GOODRICH, Clerk, 
By JOHN MANNING, Deputy. 

Town of Corinth, County of Saratoga, and State of J\r. York, ss. 

M e, the undersigned, inhabitants of said Corinth, and residing in the 
neighborhood of the Rev . Ammi Rogers, do certify that frcm our own 
personal knowledge and acquaintance, and frrm undoubted testimony, 
we do hereby lully and freely concur and unite in the foregoing certifi- 
cate relative to the said Ammi Rogers. 

Nathan Mallery, J ^^^^^^^^^ ^j- ,^^ ^^^^ ^y Corinth. 
Ardon Heath, > . 

Thomas S. Carpenter, 7 Jn«;?e<r/or» of Corr.mon Schools %n 
Alfred W. Sexton, 5 Corinth, 

John Early, ^ Commissioners of Hightoays in Cor- 

WXLElAM JDB, > ^f^ 

Elijah Trdmbxjll, ) 

Town of Corinth, April 8, 1838,-1 certify that f am personally ac- 
qnainted with each individual person whose name is subscribed to the 
loregoing certificate ; that they are among the most respectable inhab- 
itants of this town, and that they new do sustain the offices annexed 
to their names respectivelv. Certified, 

CHARLES CARPENTER, Town Chrk of Cwtnihl 



Jt:.a 



TO THE READER. 

When a citizen, by groundless prejudice, by falsi rep- 
resentations and by palpable perjuries, has been made a 
victim to eclesiastical denunciations and civil prosecu- 
tions ; when the privileges arising from civil liberty 
and rcligious^freedom have been wrested from him, he 
still has one privilege left, the privilege of complaining. 
A statement of his case, and an appeal to the public, is 
the deimier resort of an injured man ; such an appeal 
supported by satisfactory evidence, secures a sentence 
in favour of the oppressed. To disregard such a sen- 
tence would not be just, and even if it were just, it would 
not be possible. 

There has been, for years past, much animadversion 
on the union of Church and State. I have practically 
felt the operation of this two fold chord which is now 
happily broken in Connecticut, and which has almost 
prostrated me in the destruction of it. But I still sur- 
vive, and amidst thtJ heavy artillery of a departed Bisfa* 
op, and the arttn^iTiachinationsand cruel batteries of « 
Connecticut Stalj\j Attorney, I have been sustained by a 
consciousness of my innocence, and By the blessing of 
that merciful Being " who tempers the vnnd to the short, 
lamby^^ I live to make this my last effort through the 
press, which. Heaven be praised, is still untrammelled, to 
evince my innocence and my integrity. 

Equal justice is due to all men, and th3 lovers of truth 
are so far the lovers of God. I cannot therefore but in- 
dulge the hope, that an enlightened and compassionate 
public will give the following pages an attentive reading, 
and an impartial consideration. To render railing for 
railing is no part of my profession, and to expose the 
real faults of my fellow-citizens is no pleasure to me, 
and 1 intend not to do it, any further forth, than a reli- 
gious regard to duty shall, compel me. All humaii tribu- 
nals, whether civil or eclesiastical, may and do err, and 
that which has been solemnly approved and sanctioned 
at one time has been no less solemnly disproved and 
discarded at another But without referring to former ex- 
amples^ those of a recent date will serve my purpose 



In the year 1819, Stephen and Jesse Bourn 'were ar* 
rested, tried and condemned, in the State of Vermont, 
for thfe murder of one Colvin, the time and place of their 
execution was appointed, and no doubt of their guilt was 
indulged : but behold, JMst before the hour of their exe- 
cution arrived, the said Colvin returned home hearty 
and well, and had not been ^injured ! Here was much 
smoke but no fire -^no murder, no crime had been com- 
mitted on the said Colvin, or on any other person by any 
one. In the year 1820, John C. Decker and Gideon 
Braman were arrested, tried and Condemned to hard la- 
bour in the State Prison of New- York during their nat- 
ural lives, for a burglary committed in Kinderhook ; and 
after having been confined and laboured there about 
four months, it was undeniably proved that the said bur- 
glary was committed by George Lanman, and that they 
were entirely ignorant and innocent of the whole trans- 
action. T'»ey were released and Lanman is now in their 
place. Here again was smoke but no fire, as it respected 
them. It IS not long, since Joseph Inman was arrested, 
tried and condemned to be hung within the jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts for the murder of Oliver Holmes : but be- 
fore the time of ex^ution arrived, Judge Arnold, in pas- 
sing through the town of Dedham, or its vicinity, met the 
said Holmes on the road, hearty and well, had not been 
injured. The Judge knew him, took him into his car- 
riage, conveyed him to the proper authority, and saved ' 
the life of the said Inman. It is not long, since a man 
of East Hartford was arrested, tried before the Superior 
Court of Connecticut for forging a note; he was declared 
guilty, condemned and imprisoned in Newgate. But i^ 
. was afterwards proved that the said note was forged by 
one Peck, and that he was innocent of the crime ; he 
was released and Peck run away. It is not long since 
two men by the name of Snow were arrested, in iho 
County of Windham and State of Connecticut, for burn- 
ing a paper mill in that place. They were tried before 
the Superior Court, declared guilty ,^ and sentenced' to 
imprisonment in^ JNewgate state prison, in Simsbury 
mines, for life, and there they both died, constantly pro- 
testing their innocence to their last breath ; and it is 



now beyond a doubt that they were faisely accused and 
unjustly condemned, and that the building was burnt by 
one Salter, who, it is said, has since confessed it.* It 
is not long since a Mr. Berger was arrested, tried, con- 
demned, and underwent the most exemplary and severe 
punishment in Baltimore, in the state of Maryland, for 
stealing |J 1,000 from a widow woman ; he was whipped, 
cropped, branded, and sentenced to six months im- 
prisonment in irons ; but within a few weeks the money 
was found and recovered from a man in Virginia ; and 
undeniably proved that Berger was entirely innocent of 
the crime. In the year 1819, James Lanman, Esq. on^ 
of the inosl violent federal Presbyterian^ persecuting men 
in Connecticut y for party ^ sectarian and political purposes; 
and to destroy me as a mitiister of the Gospel^ brought an 
information against me for committing crimes with 
Asenath Caroline Smith, a single woman, in Griswold, 
in the county of New-London, and state nf Connecti- 
cut. — In October, 1820, I had my trial, {U 't can be 
called a trial,) the particulars of which w| be stated 
hereafter. I was declared guilty, sufferet tWo years 
imprisonment in the common jail in Norwich in said 
county : and within a few months after I was released, 
I proved beyond all contradiction, before a joint commit- 
tee of both houses of the honorable Gen Assembly of 
Connecticut, in the Senate Chamber, in the City of 
Hartford, that I was not and for a long time had not been 
within about one hundred miles of Griswold, or of the 
said Asenath, where and when the crimes were commit- 
ted, ^ they were ever committed by any one: nay, sjic her- 
self appeared in person before the said committee in the 
said Senate chamber, and made solemn oath, which cer- 
tainly was true, that I was absolutely innocent of the 
whole transaction, for which, on her account, I had un- 
justly suffered two year's imprisonment: that she had 
been over-persuaded and hired by the said Lanman and 
o thers, to ac cu se me falsely, and to commit perjury, whi ch 

•On hif death bed, and not two houra before he dU^l ftaher confeaeed that 
he himieir burnt that paper-mill, and swore fiilaely against theae two men by 
wJiichthey were cpademnedand safiered death in tlie State Prisiony Sltm^ 
bHTY mines, 1* 



had broken her peace of mind^ and caused her more sor- 
row, trouble and tears^ than all the transactions of her 
life besides. 

This her confession and testimony were supported by 
the testimony of others, and my innocence could not but 
be apparent to every unprejudiced mind. , Oh, how I fear . 
how I tremble ! how I feel for those poor, unfortunate, 
miserable creatures who have committed, and been ac- 
cessary to the dreadful sin of perjury! have they indeed 
'brmed a plan! have they devised means, have they efFec- 
ceo tne dreadful purpose of the disgrace, imprisonment 
and utter ruin, in this world, of an innocent man, of a 
imnisier of the Gospel, of one who had always been 
iheir rViend ! Oh, how I lament, how I deplore and be- 
moan their sin, their ingratitude, their baseness! — ^^Oh, 
chat my head were waters and mine eyes a fountain of 
tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of 
the daughter of my people." 

For courts ol law to err is not uncommon; but the in- 
justice of which 1 here complain, is neither common nor 
smaU; I feel to forgive my enemies, persecutors, and 
slanderers, but I desire that truth and justice may come 
to light; that perjury, wickedness and vice may be sup- 
pressed. '^ He that hath an ear to hear let him hear." 
In this world the justice and goodness of the divine gov- 
ernment will oflen escape the satisfaction o^the most pi- 
ous and diligent inquirer; the innocent are oflen con- 
demned, while the guilty go clear, and with a fair char 
acter. Virtue is condemned to the punishment of vice, 
and vice receives the reward of virtue* Jesus Christ, 
bimseli, id born in a manger, while the murderous Herod 
who had put 14000 children to death, who were two 
years old and under, ascends the throne of Israel. The 

food St. Paul is a prisoner in chains, while the bloody 
Tero sways the sceptre of the whole Roman Empire. 
The good John Rogers is burnt at the stake in Smithfield, 
by thd Roman Catholics, while the infamous Bonner is 
the first Bishop in England. The good Lewis the six- 
teenth is beheaded, whUe the, ambitious and hypocritical 
Bonaparte, who had drenched Europe with blood, mur- 
dered 6000 men between Java and Gaza in Asia^ and 



I 



changed God's holy Sahhaths to the tenth day, ascends 
the throne of France. The amiable Major Andre is hang 
at West Point, like a thief, and a murderer, while the 
traitorous and detestable Arnold is a Major Genera) 
The Rev. Ammi Rogers is a prisoner in Norwich, in Con- 
necticut, while the hypocritical, coxcomical and detesta- 
ble James Laiiman, who had maliciously brought this 
prosecution, is a Senator of the United States, while the 
suborners of perjury in the case of Mr. Rogers are at 
the bar, or in the faculty; but now by the just judgment 
of God, are stripped of the small portion of respect which 
they once received. 

That equal justice is always done to all men in this 
world, is not tru^^ and on this ground, even the heathen 
philosophers very justly argued the existence of a God, 
and the immortality of the soul; for say they, if there be 
a Grod, he must be a God of justice; and since all men do 
not receive equal justice in this world, there must be a fu- 
ture state of existence, in which the righteous Grovernor 
of the Universe will evidently distinguish between those 
who love and practice that which is just and good, and 
those who do not. In this world, the best and most mor- 
al men, the very salt of the earth, are often despised and 
neglected; nay, they are insulted, scandalized, perse-^ 
cuted, imprisoned, and even put to death as the worst of 
human beings ; while cheats, thieves, liars, adulterers, 
and duellists, who are murderers; nay, the very vilest and 
most profane and immoral men, the very ofiscouring of all 
human society, are caressed and admired, are voted 
for and promoted; they ride upon the high places of the 
earth, and walk in robes or lawn, they are adorned with a 
CROWN, or a mitbjs^ and are unmindful of their mortality 
or accountability. But the venerable Dr. Watts very 
excellently describes their situation in his paraphrase 
on the 73d Psf^m^ when he says> 

"Lord, what a tfaooghtlees wretch was I 

To iv>ani aod munnar and repine. 

To lee the wicked placed on hlg^b, 

la pride and robee of honor shine. 

But Ob, their end, their dreadful end!'* kc 



In the final judgmentof the world, the justice and good- 
ness of the divine government, will be made manifest to 
every understanding. Then shall the innocent be pro- 
tected, while the guilty are confounded. Then shall the 
meek, the humble, and the persecuted be exalted and re- 
ivarded; while the proud^ the unjust, the malicious, and 
oppressive shall be brought low and punished. In that 
tiay, there will be nothing hid which shall not be made 
manifest, there will be no deception which shall not be 
detected, no injustice which shall not be rectified; and 
unless by faith and repentance we come to God, in the 
appointed means of divine grace, we shall all likewise 
perish. The justice of God must be vindicated, the guil- 
ty must be punished, the innocent must be protected and 
rewarded, or the throne of Heaven must fall. 

By the deeds of the law no flesh can live. We have 
all sinned and come short of the glory of God: but in, 
and through him ^^who died for our offences and rose again 
for our justijicationy^ every son and daughter of the hu- 
man race may obtain fbrgiveness and be forever happy 
with the Lord and with each other. 

Though from my fellow men I have not deserved the 
disgrace, the imprisonment, and the afBiction loaded, 
upon me, and upon my friends; yet before that God un- 
to whom ^'all hearts are open, all desires known, and 
from whom no secrets are hid," in other respects I have 
often offended 4n thought, word and deed and as I hope 
and expect God, for Christ's sake to forgive me ; so 1 
feel in my heart to forgive my enemies, persecutors and 
slanderers, and pray God to turn their ' hearts. Stili I 
feel it my duty, in the promotion of truth and justice, in 
the suppression of perjury, wickedness and vice, dndin 
the conveyance of that knowledge which may be honora- 
ble to God and useful to mankind, to lay before the pub- 
lic the following Memoirs, which I entreat the reader to 
peruse with attention, and consider With candor ; and to' 
believe me his persecuted friend and humble servant in 
the ministry of the Gospel of peace and reconciliation in 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

AMMI ROGERS. 

Hebron, Octoher lih, 1823. 



MEMOIRS, &c. 



CHAPTER I. 

A BIO GRAPHIC A L SKE TCH OF MY LIFE AKD 
MimSTRY. 

I, Ammi Rogers, was born in the town of Branford, in 
the county of New-Haven, in the state of Connecticut, 
on the 26th of May, in the year of our Lord, 1770. My 
father was Thomas Rogers, who departed this life in 
Branford, on the 23d of June, 1804, aged 79. He was 
the son of Josiah Rogers, who departed this life in Bran-? 
ford, about the year 1750, aged 86. He came from 
Long-Island, was a son of one of three brothers who came 
from England, and were grandsons of the celebrated John 
Rogers, a clergyman of the church of England, burnt by 
the Roman Catholics in Smithfield, in the first year of 
the reign of Queen. Mary, 1554. My grandfather was 
one of the proprietors of the town of Branford; he own- 
ed and occupied the extensive farm and mills which are 
now owned and occupied by my brother Josiah Rogers, 
and which have been in possession of the family from 
about the earliest settlement of the town. My mother, 
before she was married was Rebecca Hobart, daughter 
of Abijah Hobart, of Stonington, in New- London coun- 
ty. By him, a relation with the family of Mason is claim- 
ed; also, with the Rev. Mr. Hobart, the former Minis- 
ter of Fairfield, and his descendants. My grandmother 
Rogers was a Goodsell — my grandmother Hobart, was 
a Bartholomew. My brothers were Abijah, Rufus, 
Thomas, Josiah, Eliphalet and Hobart — my sister was 
Irene, who is married to Thelus Todd — and, except the 
false and scandalous accusations charged upon me, 
there never was, so far as I know or believe, a stain or 
even suspicion of immorality fixed upon my father or 
mother^ grandfather or grandmother, brother or sister. 



10 MEMOIRS. 

Perhaps there is not in Connecticut a family which ia 
and always has been more exempt from the practice of 
every vice, than that to which I have the honor to belong. 
In the year 1783, I entered the Academy in I^kchfield, 
under the tuition of Mr. Osborn, and boarded in the fam- 
ily of the Hon Andrew Adams, who was related to my 
father's family. In the year 1 786, I entered Yale Col- 
lege in JVew-Haven, under the direction of the Rev. 
Ezra Stiks, President. Here I became more seriously 
impressed with the importance of religion, and the awful 
concerns of eternity. My parents were pious, and strict 
in the Congregational Presbyterian Religion^ and I had 
been brought up in that way. 

From my earliest childhood I had been impressed with 
a sense of God, of his omniscience, omnipresence, om- 
nipotence, and of my own accountability. But human 
inability and human accountability were so contrary to 
the justice and goodness of God, that I sheltered myseli 
under the doctrine of unconditional election and foreor- 
dination. This was taught in my catechism, and if that 
were true, I was safe; but when I became convicted of 
my lost and undone condition by nature, and by practice, 
I perceived that if God should enter into judgment with 
his creatures, by the deed of the law, no man living 
could be justified; for cursed is every one that contin- 
ueth not in all things written in the book of the law to do 
them, and the law extends to the very thoughts of the 
heart, as well as to the outward actions of the body; that, 
we were called upon to rend our hearts and not our gar- 
ments, to be up and doing while the day lasted; that we 
were admonished, that now was the accepted time, and 
now was the day of salvation. I perceived that I had no 
power of myself, to help myself: that my sufficiency for 
any thing which was good and acceptable to God, must 
come from God, that his grace was sufficient for me and 
for all men; thereforre did he invite all the ends of the 
earth to look to him and be saved; therefore did he ex- 
postulate with his people, why will ye die, O house of Is- 
rael ! The sacrifices under the law, and the atonement 
made by Jesus Christ under the Gospel, were sufficient 
for all men^ even the greatest of sinners. I found mv 



BCEMOmS. 11 

diflfiosition changed; I found myself enlightened as to 
divine and spiritual things: I found my affections, my 
prospects, my anticipations and expectations were not on 
predestination and fore-ordination, but on the mercy of 
God, through the merits and atonement of Christ. In 
this way I became converted, and as a grateful return 
to the great Father of all mercies, I determined, and I 
thought it my duty to preach the gospel, the good news 
to all men — free salvation to every son and daughter of 
theTiuman race upon equal terms, considering the light 
and knowledge which they had; and the unspeakable 
danger to which they expose themselves, if they neglect 
so great salvation. 1 could not perceive the propriety 
of preaching free salvation to all men, if it were not pos- 
sible for all men to be saved; and if it were possible for 
all men to be saved, then the doctrine which I had been 
taught must be false. That God had, from all eternity, 
fore-ordained who should be saved, and who should be 
damned, 1 could not reconcile with the truth of his word, 
in swearing by himself that he desired not the death of 
a sinner; in inviting all the ends of the earth to look to 
him and be saved; in saying that his mercy was over 
all his works; in being the light that lighteth every man 
that Cometh into the world; in saying that this will be 
the condemnation, that light has come into the world, 
and men loved darkness rather than light; in saying that 
the grace of God, which bringeth salvation, hath appeared 
unto all men J teaching us, that denying ungodliness and 
worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and 
godly in this present world.' Now to say, that God nev- 
er designed, nor intended, nor wished, nor put it in the 
power of all mankind to be saved, was, in my opinion, 
neither honorable to God, nor useful to mankind, nor 
did I believe it to be true. But if people will do despite 
to the spirit of grace, if they will resist the Holy Ghost, 
if they will perjure themselves and pervert the cause of 
justice, mercy and goodness, if they do not use the 
means of grace, but live and die in the disposition and 
practice of what they know to be wrong, they will be 
damned, they must be miserable and wretched. Where- 
fore^ flaith the prophet^ ^4et the wicked forsake his ways 



t2 MEMOIRS. 

and the unrighteous man his thoughts, and let htm re- 
turn unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him, 
and to our God, for he will ahundantly pardon." 

The great design of all true religion, of all the holy 
scriptures, and of all good preaching, is to change the 
natural disposition of the human heart, which is deceit- 
ful above all things aad desperately wicked, and to in- 
duce all mankind to live that sober, righteous and godly 
life, while in this world, which will terminate in everlas- 
ting happiness in the world to come. 

While I was a member of College, my religious con- 
victions were strong, my impressions were deep, my con- 
version was hopeful and joyous; but my views of the doc 
trines of religion were varient from the Saybrook confes- 
sion of faith, and the Assembly's Catechism ; though at 
that time an opportunity had not occurred for me to ex- 
amine any other system. At length, I obtained permis- 
sion to attend for half a day, divine worship in the Epis- 
copal Church: and, although I was a stranger to their 
church government and worship, yet their doctrine was 
liberal, and conformable to wh£^ I had previously 
thought. This induced an inquiry into the origin of 
the religion in which I had been ed4acated, and I found 
that when our forefathers first came to this country, they 
came from England; that when they came from Eng- 
land they came from the Church of England, and were 
dissenters from thai Church, This induced an enquiry 
into the cause and ground of their separation — into what 
they gained, and into . what they lost. This brought to 
view a subject with which I was wholly unacquainted, 
viz. the government of the christian church, the author- 
ity necessary in the regular and due administration of 
the sacraments, the articles of the christian faith, and 
the worship of God as practised by churchmen and dis- 
senters. About this time appeared the letters of thfi Rer. 
Dr. Bowden to President Stiles, on the subject of a lineal 
succession of Bishops, by a valid ordination, which were 
not answered. I also r^ad Potter on Church Govern- 
ment, Cave's Lives of the Fathers, Hooker's Ecclesias- 
tical Polity, and many pther excellent writers on the 
part of the church. I also road a history of the Puritans 



MEMOIRS. 18 

ill England, the New*England Memorial, Mather's Ma2^ 
naiia, and the Cambridge and Say brook Platforms vmi 
such other books as I could find on the part of the dissen- 
ters. My earnest endeavour was to learn and know the 
truth^ and that I might have a disposition to act accor-j 
dingly. At this time I had never within my knowledge, 
seen a Baptist, Methodist or Quaker, but was fully satis- 
fied that whoever departed from the government of any 
society, departed from that society ; that whoever depar- 
ted from the government of the christian church, did, by 
• that very act depart from the church, and was in danger of 
losing the benefit of all that Christ had done, and suffered 
for him; that as no one could TawfuHy act in the name 4f 
another without his authority, so no one could lawfully 
baptize or administer the sacrament or hold forth the 
terms of life and salvation to a guilty world, in the name 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost j. 
without authority from God; that this authority could on- 
ly be obtained in an immediate and extraordinary comoiis- 
sion from Heaven, and then immediate and extraordinary 
works must be produced to prove it, for God never re- 
quires his creatures to believe that which he has not giv- 
en them evidence to believe; or it must be obtained by 
a succession. To pretend to work miracles, or to pro- 
duce extraordinary works w^s ridiculous and vain; to 
claim a succession, authentic documents must be produ« 
ced to prove it; and this could only be done in the Epis- 
copal church, which included the Greek, Latin, English, 
and other churches, but not the dissenters from the ohurch 
of England. Ma'ny very able and pious men and women 
were among them, but I could not be satisfied, that by 
their separation from the government, doctrine and wor- 
ship, of the universal church, they had gained anything 
which was honorable to Gtod, or useful to mankind; for 
in the Episcopal church they might be as able, as amia- 
ble, and as pious as they could be in their own way. Biit 
they had lost much. 

I could not but think that our forefathers were mista- 
ken in separating from the church of England, at first, 
but at the same time adopted this mode of reasonmg^ 
tiz. after diligent inquiry and fair examination I sincere- 



H WBaiOIBS. 

\y thmk that 7 au rt|^t in my relieion, as an Episeopar ' 
lian, but I claim not infallibility — I may be mistaken ; if 
I am, I hope God will forgive me ; because I sincere- 
ly think I am right : others may be as sincere in their 
religion as I am in mine. If I say that God wiU not 
forgive them, how can I expect him to forgive me, if I 
should happen to be wrong. So that whoever shall pass 
sentence of condemnation upon his fellow christian, it is 
a sentence of condemnation passed by himself, upon him* 
self, if he happens to be wrong. True it is, that two 
things, which are opposite in themselves, cannot both, 
be right at the same time, and every person who differs 
with me, must think that I am wrong, or that he himself 
is wrong ; and wo unto them who shall make no differ- 
ence between right and wrong ! But let each one say 
for himself in the language of the Poet, 

** Let not thu weak, unknowing hiadp 

Pranime thy bolts to throw. 
And deal damnation round the ]and« 

On each I deem thy foe. 

If I am riffht, oh ! teach my heart 

Still in Uie right to stay ; 
If I am wrong, thy grace impart 
To find the better way.** 

While a member of college, I left the congregationa. 
Presbyterian religion, in which my parents and I had 
been brought up, and joined the Episcopal church ; and 
I did it because I then thought, and now think it was my 
duty. I thought that the Episcopal church was of di- 
vine appointment ; that in it the sacraments were ad- 
ministered by divine and undoubted authority ; that the 
doctrines taught in that church were in every point of 
view honorable to God, and useful to man, and support- 
ed by the authority of God's word : that the worship of 
God in that church did not depend upon the discretion 
or indiscretion of any one man, and was not as various 
and as discordant as the tempers, dispositions, and abil- 
ities of all those who should lead in their devotions ; 
but was founded upon the temper and disposition of the 
gospel, and supported by the authority of the holy scrip- 
tures. In this churchy there is one Lord, one faith^ one 



HEHOIS&U 16 

baptism, one God, and Father of all, who is above all, 
and through all, and in all, working in due season, that 
we should bring forth the fruits of a virtuous and good 
life. Constantly to unite in the same forms of worship 
has a tendency to bring us all to the same disposition, 
and a sameness of disposition ereates friendship in ail 
beings ^nd in all worlds, (so far as my knowl^ge em 
tends) and by this says our blessed Saviour, shall all men 
know that ye are my disciples, if ye love one another. 

•A prayer, ' 

^^ O, Almighty and Everlasting God, who alone canst 
govern the unruly wills and affections of sinful men, make 
me and all others, I beseech thee, at all times and in all 
places, to love those things which thou dost command, 
and to desire those things which thou dost promise, that 
so, among the sundry,manifold changes of the world, our 
hearts may surely there be fixed, where true joys are to 
be found, through Jesus Christ our Lord."— Our Father 
who art in heaven, &c. 



CHAPTER II. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH COJ^TINUED. 

I was graduated at Tale College, in New-Haven, Con- 
necticut, in the year 1790 ; and soon after, was placed 
under the direction of the Rev. Mr. Jarvis in Middletown, 
(afterwards bishop Jarvis,) in the study of divinity and 
ecclesiastical history, and boarded in his family. My sit-> 
uation soon became unpleasant in consequence of his 
churlish behaviour in his family and neglect to give me 
suitable instruction. I left his house in disgust, and was 
placed under the direction, in my studies, of the Rev 
Edward 31akeslee, of North Haven, and the Rev. Doct. 
Mansfield, of Derby. At this, Mr.' Jarvis appeared to 
be mortified and displeased ; his endeavours to excite a 
disgust against me^ in the minds of some of the clergy 
and laity of the Episcopal Church, were soon commu* 
nicated to me, and I soon became sensible of the efiects 



of them. Application was madt) to me, to perf<mn di^ 
vine service, and to preach, under the direction of the 
Rev. IXoctor Man^^field, in the churches in Waterhury, 
Woodbury, and in Salem, which I did to the unanimous 
approbation of the parishes. But Mr. Jarvis, by the 
eonsent of bishop Seabury, soon sent Mr. Hart, then a 
candidate for the ministry, to take charge of these par* 
n^hes. This excited uneasiness, and a division among 
them. I declined performing service there, the church 
m Salem refused to employ Mr. Hart, and unfriendly 
feelings were excited. In the year 1791, \ attended 
the Convention or Convocation of the church in Wa- 
tertown with a view of being examined and admitted as 
a candidate, but perceiving the hostile disposition of 
Mr Jarvis, and the influence he had gained with soma 
of the clergy, I withdrew, without ofleriog myself, or 
making my intentions known. And wishing to avoia 
any thing unpleasant, I received letters of recommen- 
dation from the Rev. Doctor Mansfield) the Rev. Mr. 
Blakeslee and others; also from the church in Bran- 
lord, Northford, and others, and went into the state of 
New- York, and commenced a Reader in the churches 
m Schenectady and Ballston, under the direction of the 
Rev. Mr. Ellison of Albany. In this situation, having 
given notice to the bishop of New- York, I remainea 
until the next year, when I was recommended to the 
said bishop of New-Tork, and standing committee of the 
church in that state, for deacon's orders, by the Rev. 
Dr. Mansfield, and the Rev. Mr. Blakeslee, in whose 
families I had resided, and studied divinity and ecclesi- 
astical history; by the church in Branford, where I had 
' been bom and brought up, and where I had been known 
from my infancy, and where public notice had been 
given to the congregBtion, assembled in the church for 
public worship on Sunday, the Idth day of April, 1792, 
that in the month of June, in that year, I sbouki apply 
to the bishop and standing committee of the church, in 
the stat^ of New-York, to be ordained a di^acou; and 
they were then solemnly called upon in the name of God, 
if they knew any thing scandalous in mv conouct oi 
character^ or any just cause or feasou why I should not 



MfiBIQIBS. If 

bQ ordAtned, to let it be known within one month, that it 
might be communicated to the proper authority. I was 
also recommended as aforesaid, by the church in ]Korth« 
ford ; by the church in Guilford^ by the church in Bats- 
ton, and by the church in the city of Schenectady, where 
I then resided, and by the Rev. Mr. £Uison of Albany, 
under whose care and direction I had been employed 
as a reader <for about one year : with these recommen- 
dations, and my diploma from College, I ofiered myself 
to the aforesaid bishop and standing committee, to be 
examined and ordained a deacon ; and on the 18th and 
19th days of June, 1792, I was examined by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Provoost, and the said standing committee, 
at the house of the Rev. Dr. (afterwards bishop) Moore,' 
in the city of New- York. First, on my internal call, 
and views in regard to the ministry ; on that change of 
the natural disposition, which is necessary to fit us for 
God's heavenly kingdom ; in my knowledge and belief 
in the holy scriptures, and my earnest intention by 
God's grace to conform my heart and practice to them ; 
ia my knowledge of the £nglish, Latin, Greek and He- 
brew languages ; in my knowledge of a general system 
and body of divinity, and ecclesiastical history; in my 
! knowledge of the lives and travels of the apostles and 
^ primitive fathers of the church ; in my knowledge of 
the gener«] and liberal arts and sciences, &c . ; and after 
two days strict trial and full examination and with the 
aforesaid recommendations, I was honorably approved, 
accepted, and recommended to the said bishop . as the 
cannons directed, to be ordained. The day after this 
recommendation, the Rev. Mr. Jarvis, of Middletown, 
in Connecticut, came to New- York and informed the 
Rev. Dr. Beach, one of the said standing committee, 
that I was a very unworthy young man, and had actually 
been refused holy orders in Connecticut. 1 assured Dr. 
Beach, that Mr. Jarvis was my enemy, because I had 
left his house, and refused to live and study with him, 
and that what he had said was not true. I requested 
him to suspend bis judgement, and not to mention what 
Mr. Jarvis had said, until I could, go to Connecticut and 
obtain fiirther recommendations* and a certificate fiom 



30 ' MEMOIRS. 

the secretary, that I had not been refused orclersin that 
state. This he consented to do, and I accordingly went 
to the Rev. Dr. Dibble, of Stamford, stated my case to 
him, requested him to examine me and my documents, 
and if he should find me worthy and well qualified, to 
recommend me to the bishop and standing committee of 
New- York, to be ordained. This he very freely did, 
and at the same time expressed his astonishment at the 
conduct of Mr. Jarvis. I then went to the Rev. Mr. 
Oglesvie, of Norwalk, made the same statement and 
request, and obtained the same recommendation. I then, 
went to the Rev. Mr. Shelton, of Newfield, to the Rev. 
Mr. Clark, of Huntington, and to the Rev. Mr. Marsh, 
of New-Milford, made to them individually the same 
communication and request, and afler due examination, 
received the same recommendation from them. I then 
went to the house of the Rev. Mr. Perry, of Newton, 
who was secretary of the Convention of Connecticut, to 
obtain a certificate, that I had not been refused holy or- 
ders in that state, in order to contradict the fasehood of 
Mr. Jarvis. When I arrived there Mr. Perry was from 
home on a journey ; I stated my business to Mrs. Per- 
ry, and wished to examine the records, which 1 did in - 
her presence, and in the presence of a Mr. Isaac Da 
vis who was there, he wa& a young gentleman with whom 
I was acquainted, when I was a member of College ; 
not finding my name on the record, as I was sure it was 
not, Mr. Perry being from home, the day of my ordina- 
tion having been appointed, and nothing but tlie evi- 
dence of a plain matter of fact wanted ; Mr. Davis con- 
sented to give a certificate in the name of Mr. Perry, 
that no act of the bishop and clergy of Connecticut, 
had been passed, refusing me orders in that state ; this 
he did — and with this certificate, and with these recom- 
mendations, I returned to New- York, satisfied Dr. Beach 
(who was only one of a committee of eight, and only a 
majority was necessary,) and I was ordained a deacon, 
in Trinity Church, in the city of New-Yorkj by the 
Right Rev. Samuel Provoost, D. D. bishop of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Churcli in that state, qijl tJw i^^ty- 
fourth day of J\ine^ A. D. 1792. ^ ^ 



On the day afjler raj ordination, I calk^l on the said 
Dr. Beach for my papers and documents, as they could 
he of no use to him. Those which were directed to the 
standing committee he claimed as vouchers for his con- 
duct in recommending me, and refused to return them ; 
hut the certificate written by Mrr Davis, was not direc- 
ted to B.ny body and was returned to me. On my way 
home, which was in Schenectady, I went to the house 
of Mr. Perry in Newton, gave him the certificate which 
Mr. Davis had given me in his absence, told him how 
I came by it, and what it was given for. His reply was, 
** r am sorry that I was not at home when you was here 
before, for I should have been glad to have afforded 
you every assistance in my power, and am glad that Mr. 
Davis gave you this certificate." He then tore it in 
two, and gave me one halt of it, as we were standing near 
each other. He then said, ** to prevent any difficulty 
that may arise, I had better give you one myself, and 
then sat down and wrote the following, with his own hand, 
and which is now in my possession, viz. 

" This may certify, that no act has ever been passed 
by the Convocation of the clergy of Connecticut, pro- 
hibiting the Rev. Mr. Ammi Rogers receiving holy or- >. 
fiers in this church. ^ 

Certified by 

PHILO PERKY, Secretary of Convocation. 

July 5th, 1792." 

Soon afler my return to Schenectady, I received the 
following letter, addressed to 

T%e Rev. Jhnmi RogerSy, Schenectady. 

Mw-Yarky August! thy 1792. 
Reverend Sib, 

Suffer me to congratulate you on your ordination, and 
to wish you all possible success and happiness. From 
my acquaintance with you, I feel strongly impressed with 
an idea of your eminence. I have seen the Rev. Mr. 
Perry, of Newton, and informed him that I ha^d given 
you a certificate, and put his name to it ; he said that I 
had done right and that he had seen you since, and had 
-given you one to the same purport in his own hand wri- 
ting, and thai the one which I wrote was destroyed. I 



» MEHOIB8. 

have some expectation of being in your part of the coun- 
try this fait ; if such a thing should happen, I hope to 
have the pleasure of seeing you. 

Your sincere friend and well wisher, ' 

ISAAC DAVIS. 

My ministry was blessed beyond what I had reason 
to expect, though not to exceed my endeavors ; a sense 
of the divine Majesty, and all his adorable attributes, 
were deeply fixed in my mind, with an affecting impress- 
ion of the awful responsibility of my office; my endeavors 
were to make my hearers sensible of their lost and un- 
done situation, by the natural depravity of their minds, 
and the absolute necessity of the use of all the means 
of grace, that they might be converted and enjoy the 
comfortable and blessed hope of glory, which would be 
that peace of God, which passeth all understanding, that 
peace which this world could not give. My preaching 
and my endeavors, were to represent the God of heaven, 
whom we adore, in the most amiable and pleasing point 
of viewjpossible, and to persuade myself and my people 
to love him and to imitate him. As my preaching re- 
spected my fellow men^ it was first to inform and en- 
lighten their understanding in the most religious and mor- 
. al doctrines and duties of Christianity, and then to move 
their affections, to believe and act accordingly. 

From the 24th of June, 1792, to October, 1793, I ad- 
ministered 130 baptisms ; I married 20 persons ; and 
deposited five dead bodies of my fellow christians in the 
grave, ^^ looking for the general resurrection in the last 
day, and the life of the world to come, through our Lord 
Jesus Chirst." Within the time last mentioned, the 
buildmg of St. George's church in Schenectady, which 
during, and since the revolutionary war, had lain most 
of the time destitute, neglected, and greatly injured, was 
repaired and made comfortable. It was an elegant stone 
building, with a handsome steeple and good organ, and 
had been well finished. It would be ungrateful and un- 
just not to mention the name of Mr. William Corlett, a 
man from the Isle of Man : whose pious attentions and 
generous contributions to St. George's church, in the 
city of Schenectady, ought never to be forgotten \ for to 



hi«i example and exertions that parish is much indebted. 
During this time alsq : the church in Ballston, from on« 
]y about fourteen families, had become numerous and 
respectable, and their house of Worship was raised and 
enclosed ; the greatest friendship and harmony subsisted 
between me and all my people, and among themselves. 

In October, 1793, 1 attended the convention of the 
Episcopal Church in the state of New- York, assembled 
in the city of New- York, of which I was a member, 
and then made the foregoing returns to the bishop, re- 
ceived his approbation and thanks, within invitation to 
preach in Trinity Church, and St. Paul's Church in the 
city of New- York, which I did. I was now in love, friend- 
ship, and fellowship, with the Bishop and all the cler- 
gy, with my own parishes, and with the whole church, ex- 
cept Mr. Jarvis, and some of his particular friends. With 
his conduct I felt myself abused, though what he inten- 
ded for my injury, had eventuated in my good and pros- 
perity: for my situation in the state of New-York was 
much better than I could have expected in Connecticut. 
I was favored with thousands of blessings, and my great 
and earnest care was to make a grateful and practical 
return, by a conscientious discharge of my ordination 
vows, and a holy, humble, and exemplary walk before 
God and his people of every denomination. Oh how of- 
ten have I alone, with closed doors, on my knees, be- 
fore God, read the ordination service of the Episcopal 
church with prayers, and tears, and fasting, that God of 
his great mercy, would please to direct 'and assist me in 
all my doings, with his most gracious favor, and further 
me with his continual help, that in all my works, begun, 
-continued, and ended in him, I might glorify his holy 
name, and finally, that I, and all committed to my care, 
and the whole world of mankind, might obtain everlasting 
life and happiness, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Aiuen 



82 MEMOIRS. 

CHAPTER III. 
A BIOGRAPHICAL* SKETCH COJ^TmUED. 

The year 1794 was to me vastly important. In tha 
-year I was married to the very amiable Miss Margare 
Eloore, about 18 years old, of an excellent disposition^ 
and well educated. . She was the only daughter of Mr. 
Joshua Bloore, a gentleman from Manchester in £ng- 
laod^ who c|ime to this country and settled as a merchant 
in Albany, and afterwards moved into the county of Sar- 
atoga, where I became acquainted with him and his fam- 
ily, . His wife before he married her, was a Margaret 
Brintnal, of Langly parish in Derbyshire, England. In 
that year, I was recommended to the Bishop and stan- 
ding committee of the Episcopal church, in the state of 
New- York; was again examined by them as before, was 
recommended by the said standing committee, to be or- 
dained by the said bishop. — And in Trinity church, in 
the city of New- York, on the 19thday of October, A. D. 
1794, I was ordained a PRIEST, by the Right Rev. 
Samuel Provoost, D. D. bishop of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church in the state of New-York. Before this, it 
was known that Dr. Beach and Mr. Jarvis had become 
reconciled in regard to the falsehood communicated rel- 
ative to me; and he was left out of the said standing 
committee, though he attended and assisted at my ordi- 
nfition as a pri£St, and received the sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper with me at that time. But the same night 
after the ordination, he complained to the Bishop that i 
had brought to him a forged certificate, before I was or- 
dained a deacon. The next day the Bishop called us 
both before him, and caused an inquiry. I stated to him 
the case as it was, relative to the certificate which Mr. 
'Davis had given to me, in the absence of Mr. Perry; 
that on my way home I had called on Mr. Perry, infor- 
med him what was done, and gave him the certificate; 
that he approved of it, and gave another to the same pur- 
port, in his own hand writing, which I then laid before 
the Bishop, with the letter of Mr. Davis, dated August 



MEMOIRS. 2S 

7th 1792. Dr. Beach acknowledged, before the bishopi 
that the facts were true, as I stated them, and said he 
thought there ought to be an investigation. The bish- 
op replied, that he did not know how that could be 
brought against me as a Priest, which took place before 
I was a deacon; that Dr. Beach was present and assis- 
ted at my ordination as a priest, and if he had any ob- 
jection, then, or before, was the time to make it ; that I 
had undergone a better examination, and was amply rec- 
ommended, by more clergymen^ and more churches 
than any he had ever ordained, and the result of my 
ministry proved that he had not been imposed upon; that 
in all forgeries, there must be some falsehood, but 
in this case there is no pretence of falsehood, and it 
«rould he \ery unlikely that so many respectable clergy- 
men and parishes would recommend me to be ordained 
in New- York, if I had been refused orders in Connecti- 
cut, or if I was unworthy of the ministry; that the cer- 
tificate itself was a mere evidence of fact, such as any 
one might have given, who had examined the records; 
that i2 was obtainedy and used not to prevent truth and jus 
tiecy but to suppress an acknowledged falsehood; and he ' 
therefore decided that Dr. Beach had no cause of com- 
plaint, and dismissed the enquiry, desiring us to be re- 
conciled. Dr. Beach then, in the presence of the Bisl 
op, requested me to overlook all that had passed be- 
tween us: offered me his hand in friendship, and asked 
me to pzeach for him the next Sunday, in St. George^s 
church m the City of New-York; the whole of which I 
complied with and the matter was settled. Still there was 
not that cordiality between him and me that there was 
between me and the other clergy. 

From October, 1793, to October, 1794, 1 admmister- 
ed 184 baptisms; married 18 persons, and buried 11, and 
had preached 176 sermons; my ministerial labors had 
become very extensive, and I had reasoii to believe, very 
acceptable. When in the city of New- York, I preach- 
ed in Trinity church, in St Paul's church, and in St. 
George's Chapel, in Beekman street. Reflecting on the 
occ«rrences of this year, I feel to express myself in the 
words of the 14th hymn^inthe book of Common Prayer, 
viz. 



14 MJEMoms. 

••When &n Uiy mereies, O my Ood, 
My rising mwI sarteys, 
TraBspoited with the view I'm loft 
In wonder, love and praise," &c. 

My general {practice was to encourage family devo- 
tion every day, setting the example myself; to compose 
and write my own sermons, and the subject was taken 
from that part of the holy scriptures, which, by the es- 
tablished order of the £piscopal church, every minister 
was obliged to read to his people on that day. 

From Oct. 1794, to Oct. 1795, I administered 123 
baptisms; admitted upon their credible profession of 
faith, repentance, and an intention, by God's grace, to 
lead a new and better life, 90 persons to the holy com- 
tnunton; I joined SO persons m marriage, deposited 8 
dead bodies of my fellow christians in the grave, and de- 
livered about 160 sermons; was much given to reading, 
to study, to self-examination and to prayer. I attended 
the convention, was in great love and friendship with 
the Bishop, with my brethren the clergy and the laity. 
I preached in most of the Episcopal churches in the 
city of New- York, and returned to my parishes with" a 
renewed determination that I would, by (jrod's help, fulfil 
my ordination engagements. 

At this time my ministerial labours extended to almosi 
eyery ^art of the county of Saratoga, and to some o\ 
the neighbouring counties. 

From October 1796 to October 1796, 1 adnrijftistered 
24^ baptisms. The number of communicants'* had in- 
creased to 120. I married 32 persons, and buried 8. 

From Oct. 1796, to Oct. 179*7, 1 administered 186 bap* 
tisms ; my communicants had increased to 15^, I mar 
ried 14 persons and buried 4. 

In the year 1797, there was a very unhappy occur- 
rence. ^Delegates from the state of New- York to the 
general convention of the Episcopal church in the Uni- 
ted States, to be holden in the city of Philadelphia, were 
to be appointed, for the purpose, among other things, of 
revittng the 39 articles of religion of the church of Eng- 
land, and of adopting them in this country, or of rejec- 
ling them. It so happened that in this election the cler- 



r — 



gy were almost unanimous in my favour, and the fait'y 
were about equally divided in their choice between the 
Rev. Dr. Beach, my former opposer, and me. In this 
way they tallotted eleven times, each party adhering to 
his vote and no choice was made, when the said Dr 
Beach arose and said, ^' if my brethren the cler^ suppose 
that that young many nieahmg me, is better qualified to fill 
that tnost important station in the chwrch — one of the mos$ 
important stations in the church that ever was or perhaps 
9iver toill 6c, when the articles of religion in the whole 
f.hurch of the United States are lo be arranged and settled^ 
r now declare that I unll not accept the appointment, nor 
will lever set in this convention unih him agatn, " He then 
took his hat, went off, apjparently in anger, and I Was 
uimost unanimously elected ; went to Philadelphia on 
tiiat business, and was a member of the said general 
convention in 1797, *98 and '99. I was at the same 
time a ndember of the convention of the Episcopal chut'ch 
in the state of NeWrYork, and it is believed that few 
clergymen of my age had received more honour, more 
approbation, and more' preferments among his brethren, 
m the convention and in the church than I had. Soon 
after my return from the convention in 1797, I received 
the following lettf»r from the Rev. Dr, Moore, afterwards 
bishop Moore, viz. 

To the Rev, Ammi Rogers, in Ballston, 

New-York, Dec. lith, 1791. 
Dear Sir— 

I have been expecting for some days past a letter ei- 
ther from you or from Mr. Ellison, respecting the busi* 
ness of the Lutheran church, for the management of 
which, you know we are the committee appointed by the 
convention. I wish you would attend to it, and let me 
know the riesulf of your deliberations. 

Doctor Beach is very much displeased ai your appoint" 
menl as a delegate to the general convention. He con^ 
ceives himself msuUed by putiir/g you in the place which 
he supposes oiiyht to have been filled hy hhriselj, and seems 
to think it nectfisary to show by depreciating your clutrdc' 
ter, that the conveniion made an improper choice, I cal- 
led on him the day before yesterday to converse with 

9 



» ^ MEMOIRS. 

hiiii on the subject ; he charges you with having brought 
forged recommendations, when you applied for holy or- 
ders. I told him I should certainly state the matter to 
you ; and I wish you would give me some explanation 
of this business, so that if it be practicable, I may check 
the evil reports which some people are circulating 
among our brethren the clergy, and I have reason to 
think among the laity also. You know the high sense 1 
entertain of your industry and utility in the church ; and 
to rub off any stain which calumny may attempt to throw 
upon innocence, will be a great satisfaction to your friend 
and brother. 

BENJAMIN MOORE. 

To the foregoing letter, I sent the followinig answer ; 
2b the Rev, l)r, Benjafnin Moore, J^Tevt-York. 
Balhton, December 20th, 1797. 
Bev. and Dear Sir — . 

I received your favour of the 11th inst. this morning, 
and now thank you for taking my part in my absence. 
When Dr. Beach says that I brought forged recomen- 
dations, when I applied for holy orders, it is a notori« 
ous falsehood, and he knows it. The matter to which 
he alludes was full> inquired into by Bishop Provoost, 
some years ago, viz. on the day after I was ordained a 
PRIEST'; and was by him dismissed as unworthy of no- 
tice, and to him I refer you for information on the sub- 
ject. [Seepages 17, 18, 19, & 22.] I wish you and Mr. 
Bissitt would call on Bishop Provoost on the subject^ 
and then inform Dr. Beach and his friends what the Bish- 
op says about it ; this will make him look meaner than 
he now docs, if possible. 

As to the business of the Lutheran church, Mr. Elli- 
son and I have had a consultation on the subject, and 
are calculating to see the Rev. Mr. Quitman, when we 
will let you know more about it ; I think the prospect is 
favourable. I have a call to attend a funeral in Gal- 
way, and must bid you faiewell» and I am, dear sir, with 
every sentiment of esteem and affection, your much 
pbliged friend and brother, 

AMMI ROGERS 



HEBIQIRS. ft 

Bishop Provoost entirely satisfied the Rev. Dr. Moore^ 
and the Kev. Mr. Bissitt, on the subject of Mr. Perry's 
certificate, which Dr. Beach had most falsely and mosi 
unjustly called forged recommendations, when I applied! 
for holy orders, and I heard no more of it until 1803 ; 
six years after. • 

From October 1797, to October 1798, I administered 
254 baptisms ; my communicants were S08 ; I joined 
36 persons in marriage, and attended 19 funerals ; and 
preached about 180 sermons. There was but one coup 
try clergyman in the state of New- York, at that time, 
whose returns to the Bishop, or whose ministerial la- 
bours were so extensive as mine. 

From October 1798, to October 1799, when as usual 
I attended the convention, I administered 168 baptisms ; 
had ^10 communicants, married 16 persons, attended 13 
burials, preached about 170 sermons. 

At this time, an Anabaptist teacher had commenced 
an attack upon me, and upon the church, by publishing 
in the newspaper printed in Ballston, an anonymous 
piece against the observance of Christmas,- and the oth* 
er festivals of the church. This piece was answered 
hy me, and that again was answered by him ; and thus 
'Jhe dispute was pursued for maiiy months, with great 
Warmth on both sides ; until at length a public discus- 
sion was personally had in the Court-house in Ballston, 
in presence of many hundreds of people. The result was 
as might have been expected, no conviction of error on 
either side ; but worsted in argument, my antagonist and 
his party had recourse to personal invective ; this was 
replied to by the wardens and vestry of the church in 
Ballston and by more than forty of- my nearest neigh- 
bours, of every denomination ; in which my conduct and 
character both as a minister and a man were fully vui- 
dicated. 

From October 1799, to October 1800, I administered 
137 baptisms ; my communicants had increased to 228, 
I married 28 persons, and buried 5, and preached about 
150 sermons, exclusive of many lectures and public ex 
hortations. 

This year was to me tho beginning of sorrow I had 



devoted nqrpelf entirely to the work of the miQistrj. In 
tiie county of Saratoga, my people had increased from 
about 14 families, to about 4000 souls ; they had '^uilt a 
Dew church in Ballston^ and finished it with aji elegan* 
steeple, bell and organ. They had become incorporate, 
and built a new church with a handsome steeple, in the 
town of Milton, and also in the town 9f Stillwater. — In 
Waterford they had become a body corporate, and a 
Jarge number had joined that society ; a very respecta 
ble society was also collected in Charlton and in Gal way ^ 
Und in other parts of that county. I had some time be- 
^re resigned my parish in Schenectady to the Rev. Robt 
G. Wetmore, who was a very worthy man, and a most 
/excellent clergyman, and my labours were extended to 
Port Hunter and to Johnston. I had visited, and preach- 
ed, and administered sacjaments in Boon's settlement, 
in Utica, in Paris,, and in various parts of the county of 
Otsego ; and in many other parts of the country, did I, 
as opportunity offered, extend the knowledge of what I 
conceived to be true religion ; prosperity in the min- 
istry, and a fair reputation seemed to attend me where- 
•ver I went. 

But the time was come when I must suffer affliction. 

In the summer and fall of 1800, a sickness prevailed 
in the county of Saratoga with which many died. My 
wife was taken with it, and on the eleventh day departed 
this life, in the 26th year of her age. When she was 
taken with the disease she was in full health and strength, 
with a child only a few. months old ; medical aid was 
soon called for, and the most skilful physicians attended; 
but alas ! to no other purpose than a momentary relief. 
The day but one before she died, she wrote the follow- 
ing lines, in my absence, and they are the last words 
she ever did write. Given over by the physicians, and 
knowing that $he mwt soon die, she says : 

"Oh thou, imknown. Almighty cause. 

Of all my hope and fear. 

In whoee dread prasenoe, era an hour. 

Perhaps 1 must appear. 

If I have wander'd in ihoee paths 

Of life I ought to shun. 

As loaMtbiif , kndift m my bnm 



MEMOIRS 19 

llemoiwtrates I have done, 
Tbou know*Bt that thou hast fermed nt 
With passions wild and strong. 
And list'ning to their witching Toioe/ 
' Has often led me wrong. 
Where human weakness has come sh<Nt« 
Or frailty step'd aside ; 
Do thoa, all good, for such thoa art ; 
In shades of darkness hide. 
Where with intention I have err*d« 
No other plea I have, 
But thoa art good, and goodness still 
Deligfateth to forgive." 

Not more than two hours before, she departed this life 
hy her request, I administered to her, and to our neigh- 
bours who were present, the sacrament of>the Lord's 
supper ; the service she performed with astonishing 
strength of mind and clearness of voice, and particular- 
ly she repeated this part with uncommon interest and 
energy, saying, with a loud full voice, — 

^^ Therefore with angels^ and archangels, and with 
all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy 
glorious name ; evermore praising thee and saying. Ho- 
ly, holy, holy. Lord God of Hosts ; heaven and earth 
j are full of thy glory. Glory be to thee, O Lord Most 
fjHigh. Amen." 

^' Only a few minutes before she expired, I asked hei 
if she felt willing to die. Her reply was, '^ you and I 
have always lived happy together, and for your sake, 
and for the sake of my children, 1 wish to live ; but for . 
me, it is without doubt, to take me from some great un« 
foreseen evil, which would be to me worse than death, 
if I were to live ; it seems to be the will of God that 1- 
should die, and I feel willing to obey it." The reader 
will excuse me in dwelling upon the last words and last.' 
moments X»f a much beloved and much respected wife y 
none can tell the anguish which I f^el on this subject, 
except those who have experienced similar afBictions. 

<* To thee, mv God, and Saviour, I, 
*' By day and mgbt address my cry, 
** Voocbsafo my moumfiil voice to hear» 
^ ^ To my distress incline thine ov.*' «<« 



M MEMOIRS. 

I was lefl with three small children^ oae an infant at 
the breast, and every thing appeared melancholy and 
gloomy ,* even in my public and private devotions I was 
cast down ; my studies were dull and lifeless, and it 
seemed as if the face of all goodness was hid from me. 
In the month of October, I went on a visit to my parents 
and friends, in Branford. I generally made it my 
business, aHer I had attended the Convention in the 
city of New- York, every year to go to Branford and 
visit my ftiends, and to preach one or two Sundays. A 
wish had often been expressed to roe that I would return 
and settle there, but until now I never gave any encour- 
agement. Overtures were soon made, and i delayed 
giving an answer until I had laid the case before the 
church in Ballston, and also before the Bishop and clergy 
of New- York and of Connecticut. At this tkne I per- 
ibrmed divine service, and preached for a few Sundays 
in the church in the city of Hartford ; and was applied 
to for terms of settlement there, but refused to give any 
encouragement on account of the previous application 
made to me from Branford, and also because my peo- 
ple in the county of Saratoga were not informed of my 
inclination to leave them. I immediately wrote to Bish- 
op Provoost, to the Rev. Dr. Moore, who was soon af- 
ter Bishop Moore, and to some of the other clergy, 
statins to them my intention to leave that state. From 
the said Rev. Dr, Moore, I received the following letter, 
via. 

To the Rev. Jbnmi Rogers^ Balhton, 

Mw-York^ October 23(1, 1^800. 
My Dear Sjrj 

The day before yesterday, I received your letter by 
Mr. Morgan, and must confess, that I am not a little 
surprised to find upor perusing the contents, that yoH 
are deliberating about leaving Ballston. I have hither- 
to been of opinion that your labours have been so emi*- 
nently successful in that quarter of the ^ountry, youi 
ministrations so acceptable to the people, and- your sit- 
uation becoming so easy and comfortable, with respect 
to temporal emoluments ; from all these consideimtions, 
I imagined that nothing could induo* you to quit the 



MSMOIBB. ' n 

county of Saratoga. You aak my advice on the occa- 
sion ; it is impossible for me or any other brother clergy- 
man, to give directions or to offer persuasions on so del- 
icate a subject. You wilU no douDt, deem yourself 
obliged to exert all your abilities in advancing the king- 
dom of the Redeemer upon earth ; you will earnestly 
seek the guidance ot Him who is infinitely wise, and 
you will follow tbe dictates of conscience. Wherever 
you may think proper to fix yourself, be assured you 
have my sincere wishes and ardent prayers, for your tem- 
poral and eternal welfare. 

Your affectionate brother, 
BENJAMIN MOORE. 
In another letter from the same Bishop Moore, dated 

New-l^orkji December 2d, 1800, he says to me, — 
DfiAft Sir, 

I ifiust confess, it is not with a little ^uneasiness and 
disappointment, that I hear of your intention to leave 
this state aod settle in Coaoecticut. I have always con- 
sidered you as one of our most useful and active clergy- 
men; an(t although I know you will be equally zealous 
and industrious wherever you may fix yourself, still it 
would be a satisfaction to retain a more immediate con- > 
nection with you as members of the same Convention. ' 
* * # * Great changes in bur Ecclesiastical affairs 
will ere long take place; whatever my situation may be, 
you will be remembered with sentiments of esteem and 
afTecUon by your friend, 

BENJAMIN MOORE. 

A% about the same tii9e the Rev. Mr. Bissett and oth- 
er clergymen of the state of New- York, wrote to me the 
most dstterine letters, and ofierod the meet persuasive 
inducements for me npt to kiave that State; and would 
to God I had listened to thetf advioe; but shew mc a 
man or woman who never or^^ and I will sb»w you one 
who never dies ! 

I o%d {>reached wiljh apprehation iA all the Episcopal 
churcnes in the city of liew-Yof k^ occasionally for ten 
years V had been constm^y a membec of the convention 
of the churcjii for Ham, ymt^i was- a member ef ihm 



n IIEMC»R$. 

general convention of the Episcopal church in the Uni- 
ted States: was frequently on some of the most impor- 
tant committees oCthe church. I had been duly appoint- 
ed and constituted one of the first members of the cor- 
poration of Union College, in the city of Schenectady, 
constantly attended their meetings, and exerted myself 
for the prosperity of that institution. I had been initia- 
ted into the mysteries of Freemasonry, in that state, 
and passed through the several degrees of Entered Ap- 
prentice, Fellow Craft, Master, Mark Master, Past 
Master, Most Excellent Master, arid Royal Arch. I 
obtained the Mediterranean Pass, was dubbed a Knight 
of the Red Cross became a Knight of Malta, and was 
admitted into the encampment of Sir Knight Templars. 
When the Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons was 
first organized, I, though at that time absent, was -flee- 
ted and appointed the first Grand Chaplain of the Grand 
Chapter of Royal Arch Masons in the state of New- York . 
I had preached with approbation in all the principal cit- 
ies and towns in the northern and eastern states^ viz. 
Philadelphia, Newark, N. J. New- York, Albany and 
Schenectady; in Hartford, Boston and Providence, and 
in many other towns and places; but the time was come 
when I was determined to leave the county of Saratoga. 
I went there in the year i 79 1, it was now 1801 ; my par- 
ishes had become very extensive, and my labors ardu-~ 
ous and fatiguing: and after the death of my wife, my 
house was lonesome, gloomy and desolate. My children 
were removed where they could be taken care of, and I 
was afflicted. — l|he Episcopal church in Branford was 
vacant, the parish was perfectly unanimous and ardent 
in their wishes for me to return, and become their minis- 
ter; my parents were then living there, my brothers and 
sister, and numerous family connections were residing in 
that town; and the Episcopal church was not so gener- 
ally known and understood as I wished. At length I in- 
formed them that I was determined to leave the county 
of Saratoga. A meeting was called in Branford, East- 
Haven, and Northferd, add I was unaiiimously chosen 
Rector oi their churcoes, which was communicated to 
the Rev Mr. Jarvk, mtf fmner antagonki^ Hrho had now ! 



become JSiahop of the Episcopial church in Connecticut. 
Their choice was approved of by him according to the 
canons, and sent to me in Ballston which I laid before 
the church in that place, and requested a dismission 
from them. Silence, as if it had been the silence of 
death, prevailed, and not an eye which did not shed a 
tear. I was the first minister they ever had, most of them 
and their children had been baptized by me: they had 
l)een faithfully instructed in the faith and practice of the 
gospel, and in the concerns of their souls, and of eternity. 
They had been by me presented to the Bishop, and " 
received the apostolic rite of confirmation. They had 
by me been admitted to the holycommunionof the tord's 
Supper*,. I ha^d visited them in sickness, instructed them 
when they were ignorant^ comforted them in affliction, 
committed the dead bodies of their friends and relatives, 
their narents and children, their husbands or wives, their 
broth^^ or sisters to the awful and silent gtave, looking 
for the general resurrection and the life of the world to 
come, through our Lord Jesus Christ. I had always 
been as ready to mourn with those who mourned as I 
was to rejoice with those who did rejoice ; for tell years 
the sun had never risen upon a happier or more united 
minister and people; what I said was hot only the voice 
, of a minister, who had a tender regard for their souls, but 
of a friend who loved them sincerely. My congrega- 
tions were very large apd when I went into the pulpit, I 
had the satisfaction to think that there was not a person 
present, who would not willingly share their last loaf with 
me. Afler a long time of silence, old Mr. Bettys, the 
senior warden, with a heart ready to break, his eyes gush- 
ing out with tears, and with a faltering voice, rose and 
said, Mr. Rogers why do you wish to leave us? There 
is not a person in any of your parishes who would not 
gladly carry you in his arms, if it were necessary; we 
all respect you, and have always been glad to do every 
thing in our power for your comfort. The death of yoqr 
excellent wife, we all mourn, but it could not be preven- 
ted. Is it any thing which we have done, or which we 
have left undone, that induces you to wish to leave us.^ 
I replied that it was not: but that I was in affliction^ and 



S4 MEMOIRS. 

wished to return to my parents and to the place of my 
nativity; that I thought the religious situation, of 
Connecticut was such, "as ofTeredanopportunity of doing 
much good, and that I would endeavour not to leave 
them destitute of a minister, but would obtain some wor- 
thy person to take my place with them; that I had lived 
to see every Presbyterian Minister dismissed from that 
county, while I had been there, viz Mr. Schenk, from 
Ballston, Mr. Ripley, from Ballston, eastline, Mr. Sill, 
from Milton, Mr, Sturges, from Charlton, Mr. Linsly, 
from Gal way, Mr. Close, from Waterfbrd, Mr, Camp- 
bell, from Stillwater, Mr. Condict, from Stillwater hill, 
Mr. Smith, from Saratoga, &c. That the Episcopal 
church in that county had increased far beyond any ex- 
ample in that state; that they had within a few years, 
Duitt four new and elegant houses for public worship;- 
that in some places the meeting houses were ui^d for 
places of public worship for j^iscopalians ; that from 
14 families they had increased to about 4000 souls, and 
were now in a situation to settle ministers among them, 
and I thought I could do more good, and it would be 
more for my conifort to return to Connecticut, and now 
wished to be dismissed. Judge Walton, atod others 
spoke against it, but in very aflTectionate terms, and the 
meeting was dismissed without so much as one voice or 
vote in favor of my request, and it was the only request 
which I had ever made of them which was not granted. 
In the month of February, 1801, I called a meeting 
of -all the wardens and the vestrymen of all the Episco- 
pal churches in the county of Saratoga, and in the nor- 
thern part oT the state of New- York, and invited the 
neighboring ministers to attend. At this meeting I laid 
before them an application made to the Episcopal chur- 
ches in Ballston and Milton, for my dismission, that I 
might settle in Branford; also the vote for the scttlemen: 
of me in that place, with the Bishop's consent; and 
stated my request, that if I had been to them a faithful 
minister, and had deserved well from them, they would 
no longer object to my happiness, in not granting me a 
dismission. And I then engaged, that if they would 
grant my request, [ would not leave them, until I ha4 



M£MOIBfl. U 

obtained some one to take my place; and that an an- 
swer ^as due from them to the church in Branford. 
Whereupon Judge Walton drew up the following reso« 
*ution, which was passed, and given to me^ and also a 
copy was sent by mail to the church in Branford, viz. 

"^< a meeting of the Rectors , ChurchWardens and Fes- 
trymen of the Episcopal Church in the northern part of the 
slate of jSTeiV'Yorkj by adjournment^ held in the church in 
Ballstony February 3dy 1801. 

"Whereas application has been made to the church 
wardens and vestrymen of the Episcopal churches of 
Baliston and Milton, from the Episcopal society of Bran- 
ford, in Connecticut, requesting that they would permit 
the Rev. Mr. Rogers to leave the said churches, of which 
he is now the Rector, that he might settle in Branford, 
the place of his nativity. And whereas, the said church 
wardens and vestrymen having talien the subject into 
serious consideration, think that the removal of Mr. Ro- 
gers from their churches, would be attended with very 
great inconveniences to the same, particularly, as it is 
much to be feared that another clergyman cannot be ob- 
tained, who could unite the affections and the respect' 
of the said congregations, in an equal degree with the < 
Rev. Mr. Rogers. They cannot reflect on the depar- 
ture of the Rev. Mr. Rogers from" among them without 
sincere sorrow, as they can scarcely hope to find a per- 
son endued with sufficient activity, to support the chur- 
ches which have been established by the unremitted ex- 
ertions of their present Rector, nor can they expect to 
meet with a man who can so well resist the constant op- 
position which is made against the blessed Episcopal 
church. But as the change of situation may be condu- 
cive to the happiness and welfare of Mr. Rogers, and 
as it would be improper and unbecoming, in the highest 
degree, to obstruct the wishes of a Rector^ who has so 
well deserved from the said congregations — 

Therejore resolved^ That in case the Rev. Ammi Ro- 
gers should deem it expedient to leave the said churches, 
he has (though reluctantly,) the approbation of the said 
churchwardens and vestrymen; but in case he can re- 
main with the said churches^ without doing too greav 



86 Mf:Moms. 

injary to Iiis interest and happiness^ they would •gladly 
auord him every countenance and support^ which they 
have hitherto given him. 

HENRY WALTON, Secretary, 

Resohedy That Henry Walton be a committee to trans- 
mit a copy of the foregoing resolution, to the Episcopal 
society in Branford, iii answer to the application refer- 
red to in said resolution. 

HENRY WALTON, Secretary. 

I remained in Ballston, and preached in my parishes 
as usual, until Whit-Sunday, June 24th, 1801 ; when I 
administered the sacrament, preached a farewell sermon, 
and as their minister bid them an affectionate adieu. I 
had theii during the time of my ministry, administered 
1542 baptisms ; the name and age of each had been re-^ 
turned to the bishop of New-York, ^t the annual con- 
vention ; and are on the records of the church in Balls- 
ton. I had -admitted more than 400 persons in the coun- 
ty of Saratoga, to the holy communion, besides those in 
other places. I had joined 'more than 200 persons in 
.marriage, and had in the whole, attended more than one 
hundred funerals. I had been to bishop Jarvis in per- 
son, and stated my intention of coming into that state, 
and settling there. I had been to Bishop Provoost, and 
obtained letters permissory for Bishop Jarvis to ordain 
the Rev. Mr. Thatcher, for the purpose of coming to 
Balfston, that I might settle in Branford. This was 
known and understood to be the agreement, and for this 
purpose Mr. Thatcher was ordained a priest by bishop 
Jarvis, moved into my house, and on my farm, and took 

Possession of my parishes, and then, and not till then, 
set off for Branford. On my way to New- York I was 
obstructed by contrary winds, and went on shore at Cats- 
kill, where 1 staid ten days, performed divine service 
and preached there almost every day, sometimes twice 
and three times in a day, and gathered a large congre- 
gation. I aflerwards returned and assisted them in be- 
coming a body corporate, which has remained and pros- 
pered there to this day. A verv handsome salary was 



MKMOIRS. 37 

offered me to stay and settle there ; and application was 
made by them to the church in Branford, for that pur- 
pose but was rejected. 

In the nwnth of August 1801, I arrived in Branford, 
and took charge of the church in that place, in East Ha- 
ven, in Northford, and in Wallingford^ without a dissent- 
ing voice or vote — all were, pleased, all were happy. 
The congregations immediately arose into life, and were 
greatly increased ; many wkhin.a short time, in each 
parish, became impressed with a deep sense of the im- 
portance of religion and joined the communion. Many, 
who had hitherto neglected it, furbished themselves and 
their families, with books of Common Prayer, and joined 
heartily and devoutly rn the worship of God, as perform- 
ed in the Episcopal church : many, who had never done 
it before, now signed off from the Presbyterians, so cal- 
led, ftnd paid their taxes to the Episcopal church ;, and 
the prospect of piety, -^of increase, and of prosperity, was 
never fairer. I appeal to every person, who then be- 
longed to these parishes, for the truth of what I say : 
but at this time party politics and party religion ran very 
high in Connecticut. 

I was a Republican in principle, and totally opposed 
to the blue laws and persecuting spirit of that state. 



CHAPTER IV. ' 
COJSVEJ^TIONV^ THE CITY OF HARTFORD, 

At a Convention held m the City of 
Hartford and State of Connecticut ; 1 
arose and said: 

Mr. President — For many years I have 
thought, that to establish religion by force of 
civil law, as it is here in Connecticut, was fiot 
conducive to genuine piety and to the real 
prosperity of the Redeemer's kingdom here 



W MEMOIRS. 

on earth. It is in my opinion, wrong, essen- 
tially wrong, to compel people by force of law, 
to support that which they do not believe to 
be true ; and civil or military force, exercised 
in matters of religion, has always eventuated 
in the oppression, in the distress, and in the 
destruction of mankind. In proof, shall I call 
to your view the first crusade under Peter the 
Hermit. t)o I see one million one hundred 
thousand of the hiunan race cruelly murdered 
and slain, at one time on account of Religion. 
The history of the whole church evinces the 
truth of what I say. What was it, I beseech 
you, but a union of church and state ; that is, 
investing the church with civil power, support- 
ed by a military force, as^ it is here in Con- 
necticut, that introduced and established Po- 
pery in Europe, Mahometanism in Asia, and 
something, I am sorry and ashamed to say it,-, 
almost as bad here in New- England. A 
union of church and state is like uniting fire 
and water. Heaven and earth, God and mam- 
mon. .It is this which has established the in- 
quisition among the Roman Catholics in 
Spain, and elsewhere. It is this which has 
caused so much oppression and distress in 
England, Ireland, and Scotland. It was 
tliis which murdered the witches or Quakers, 
in Sal m, in Massachusetts ; tied Roger 
Williams, and his friends, to the tail ends of 
ox carts, and whipped them and the Bap- 
tietSy out of Boston* tt was this which has 



MEMOIRS. 89 

fined and imprisoned hundreds of our fellow 
citizens in Connecticut, because they would 
not, or could not in conscience, pay money to 
support that which they did not believe to be 
true ; and now. Sir, at this very time, no one 
can be an Episcopalian, or Baptist, or Metho- 
dist, or Quaker in Connecticut, unless he will 
go to the dominant- party, and virtually put 
off his hat, niake a -bow, and humbly ask 
them to take a certificate, and permit him to 
become a conscientious dissenter, otherwise he 
must be taxed by them. I therefore move, 

That the Bishop and Clergy, and all the members of 
the Episcopal church tn. Connectictdy unite wUh the repwf* 
Ucans ; do away these offensive laws, and give to all de- 
nominations equal rights and privileges. 

At this the whole congregational, federal, presbyteri- 
an party in Connecticut, raised a hue and cry ! that I 
was a Democrat ! and was going to break up the wholo 
religious establishment of that state ; bishop Jarvis and 
some of the clergy were also, very much displeased at 
me on this account, and thi^ has been the cause of per- 
secution, of slander and abuse, of civil prosecution, of 
distress, of imprisonment, of disgrace^ and ruin to my-- 
self, to my children and friends. 

In the first place, I was refused a seat in the conven- 
tion of the Episcopal church in Connecticut, without 
hearing or trial, and actually without my knowledge, on 
the ground that I did not belong to that state *, which if 
true, was directly contrary to the canons of the churchy 
for if a clergyman belonging to one state conducts dis- 
orderly in another he must be referred back to the state 
to which he belongs for trial. To the next Freeman's 
meeting, Bishop Jarvis, at the age of about 70 years, 
forgetting his station, the honour of the church, and the 
good of religion, went, took the freeman's oath, joined 
the federal presbyterian party, and voted against Col. 
Kirby, and all others (^ hiift own cominuiuon if they hap* 



40 >t£MOIRi^. 

pened to be on th* republican interest.* At this I felt 
myself and the church insulted ^nd abused, aiid thought 
it my duty to attend to'ray own parishes, and have but 
little to do with, any thing else. The churches in ray 
care prospered exceedingly. Their house of worship 
in Branford' was completely repaired and finished. The 
church in East-Haven was^also repaired and finished. 
The church in Norihford, which had remained ever since 
before the revolutionary, war in a statQ of decay, was 
-now repaired and finished. The churph in Wallingford, 
at this time, sent to Boston and purchased an excellent 
organ. In Durham, where the service of the church 
had never been performed until I went there, about 80 
of the taxable inhabitants certificated and joined the 
£piscopal church under my care.; they had procured 
books of common prayer, and performed the service re- 
markably well, and almost eVery one voted on the repub- 
lican interest. Rut this prosperity only excited jealousy 
and opposition in the minds oF those who ought to have 
befriended me. Bishop Jarvis visited them, and without 
their knowledge, placed the Rev. . Mr. Merriam there, 
as their officiating minister, whereby I was precluded 
preaching there without his consent. No sooner wa? 
this known, than a meeting was called and he was dis- 
missed. During this time, means were used to divide 
rhy parishes, by exciting distrust and opposition in the 
minds of ray heai-ers, and by giving the presbyterian fed* 
eral party to understand that i was not in good standing. 
I and my people claimed that I was in good standing ; 
and that the opposition to me was an infringement upon 
the established order of the church, and that it was oc- 
casioned by presbyteiian federal politic9. A petition 
from the church in Branford, in East-Haven, in North- 
ford, in Wallingford, and in Durham, was presented to 
the convention of the Episcopal church of Connecticut 
convened in Danbury, in June, 1 803 ; and another pe- 
tition signed by the Kev. Dr. Mansfield of Derby, the 
Rev. Mr. Tyler of Norwich, the Rev. Mr. Blakeslee 
of East-Hadam, the Rev. Mr . Todd of Huntington, the 
♦ I conrider Congregational PrefbyteriaoUin and Federaluini . ta be the' 
•ame in Connecticut. Federalism, accorjiag to the pretem acceptatioo ef 
Ibe tena ia AriatMnu^, aod BmpibiUs^tamm k Demooracy. 



MEMOIRS 41 

Rev. Mr. Miles of Chatham, and the Rev. Mr. Warrea 

of Middletown, &c.wa% presented to the same conven* 
tioD, in which they also stated their knowledge of me, 
of my character and standing in the church, of the un- 
ion and uncommon prosperity of the churches in my 
carie ; and prayed the bishop and clergy to be reconciled 
to me, or to bring forward their accusations, if any they 
had. In answer to which, the bishop arose, and stand- 
ing within the rails of the alter, and near the communion 
table^ in the church in Danbury, and as president .of the 
convention in 1803, declared and said, 

'^ We (meaning the bishop and clei^y) hamt nothing 
against Mr, Rogers^ we acknowledge his character and hts 
authority to be good, and on ireceiving a single line from the 
Bishop oj jyVii>- York, we would receive him - with open 
imns. The whole controversy is now brought to a- sin- 
gle point, and that a mere matter of civility or etiquette, 
a single line from the Bishop of JS^ew^Yorh, See the 
proof. * 

I, Samuel J. Andrews, of Derby, in the county of 
New-Haven, and state of Connecticut, of lawful age, 
do testify and say, that I was at the convention of the 
: Bishop, Clergy and Laity of the Episcopal church, 
Aolden at Danbury in June last.;, that in said convention 
I heard the Bishop, while acting as president of the 
same, declare that we, meaning the bishop . and clergy, 
have nothing against Mr. Rogers ; we acknowledge his 
authority and character to be good ; and that on receiv- 
ing a single line from the bishop of New-York, we would 
receive him with 'Open arms, or words to that effect. 
Further saith not. 

SAMUEL J. ANPREWS. 
JS'eW'Haven County, ss, Derby, Jan, 5th, ia04 . 

Personally appeared Samuel J. Andrews, who hath 
subscribed the foregoing affidavit, and made solemn oath 
that the same contains the truth, the whole truth, and 
nothing but the truth, as relative to the subject matter 
thereof. Before me, 

JosiAH Dudley, Justice of the- Peace. 

I hereby certify, that I was a delegate in the conven- 
tion holden in Danbury, in June, )803, and am person 
4* 



m BfEMOIRS. 

ally knowing thdt the faets stated m the ibiregoiDg affi* 
davit of Samuel J. Andre ws, n^e correct and true. 

J0SI4H DUDLBT. 

The Eev Doctor Mansfield of Derby, made solemn 
oath before John Humphrey £sq. and testified that ha 
was present, and heard the same words. 

Here is a public and official assurance given by Bish- 
op Jarvis, in behalf of himself and clergy, given as 
president of the eonvontion of the state, and solemnly 
given at the communion table, that my^ authority and my 
Character were good, thai they hod nothing against me^ 
and a solemn pledge, that on receiving a single line from 
the Bishop of New- York, (my republicanism to the 
contrary notwithstanding) be would receive me into the 
convention with open arms; but it is supposed that he had 
sent to his good friend, Dr. Beach, to prevent that line. 
This requirement was a total departure from the estab- 
lished order of the £piscopal church — it- was wha^, at 
thaft time, had never been required from any other cler- 
gyman. ^ Letters op Orders, which I had, were al- 
ways sufficient vouchers of a clergyman's character and 
standing, until he had been ri^ularly impeached and 
tried ; but here was nothing to be Jtriod for. My ciiar^ 
actei^nnd my authority were good, and there was nothing 
against me, I was not a stran^^er ; I was settled by the 
unanimous vote of the parishes in the towns and neigh- 
bourhood where I was born and brought up, and where 
J had been recommended to be ordained at tirst. But 
unreasonable, unconstitutional, and uncanonical as tho 
demand was, for peace sake, my friends were determined 
to comply with it ; and accordingly the Rev. Dr. Mans- 
field and the Rev. Ambrose Todd wrote to the Bishop 
of New-York, and received from him the following line 
.viz. 

To the Rev. Richard Mansfield, B. J). Derby, Conn. 
New'^York, June ISth^ 1803. 
Ret. Sir— 

In compliance with the request contained in a letter 
which I lately received from you and the Rev. Mr. Todd, 
I have to observe, that during the residence of Mr. Ro- 
(gers in the state of New- York, this diocess was undi^r 



KEIfOIBS. 4$ 

the* direction of my f>redeeef98or, Dr. Provoost — that I 
never heard Bishop Proneoai express any sentiment q^ dis- 
tpprobation wUh regard, to Mr, ttogers ; nor teas there at 
any time, or on any occasion^ a complaint brought up 
against him before the convention of the church in this state 
. With great respect, I remain, Kev. Sir, your faithful 
friend and servant, 

Benjaivmn Moore. 

This line was presented to Bishop Jar vis in JVevv- Ha- 
ven, by me, in presence of a c^mrnittee of the church 
tn Branford, East-Haven, Nor^hford, Wallingford, and 
Durham, and was by him, (his public and official prom- 
ise to the contrary notwithstanding) rejected — he said, 
on the ground that there was no communicatron from the 
standing committee of the church in that state ; but it 
was really because I was a republican ; I was opposed 
to a union of church and state. I was now determined 
to meet him on his own ground, and for that purpose, 
went into the state of New-York, and obtained the fol- 
lowing certificate from the standing committee of the 
church' there Viz. 

To the Right Rev, the Bishop and Clergy of the Dio 
cess of Connecticuty or any other tohom it may concern. 

This may^ certifiy, that the Rev. Ammi Rogers was 
considered as a regular ordained minister of the proies- 
tant Episcopal church, in' tlie state of New- York, and 
that he was constantly a member of Ihe Convention of 
this state during his residence here, and in good stand- 
ing, and that no complaint was at any time brought 
against him. Dated Sept. 27, 1803. 
Signed.by 
Theodosius Bartow, Elias Cooper, Johjc Charlton, 
Matthew Clarkson, William Ogden, Richard Har- 
rison, — members of the standing committee of the P. £. 
Church in the state of JV^w- York. 

The foregoing lipe from the Bishop of New* York, 
and the foregoing certificate from the standing commit- 
tee of the church in that state, were presented to Bish- 
op Jarvis in Derby, by Josiah Dudley, Esq. who was a 
member of the convention in the state of Connecticut, 
and were by Bishop Jarv^, rejected^ on the pretended 



44^ UEUOTBa. 

ground that the line from the Bishop of New-York, Wa« 
not official. I then went again to New- York, and ob- 
tained the following official line from the Bishop of New- 
York. ^ 

" To the Right Rev. Mraham Jarvis, D. JD. Bishop of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church in the stat4 of Conneclt' 
cut, 

" I do hereby certify, that the Rev. Ammi Rogers 
left the state of New- York before my consecration to 
the office of a bishop, and consequently was never pla- 
ced under my jurisdiction ; that during the time of his 
residence in this diocess, he constantly attended the con- 
ventions of the church, and that in those conventions no 
complaint was ever preferred against him, nor did he at 
any time or on any occasion fall under the censure of the 
ecclesiastical authority. 

Benjamin Moore, Bishop of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church in the state of New- York. 

January nth, 1804. 

The foregoing official line, was presented to Bishop 
Jarvis b/Gapt. Nathaniel Webb of Stamford ; and what 
could he I e quire more? his word and honor as bishop, 
and as president of the Episcopal Church in Connecti- 
cut were pledged: the honor of the whole Ghurch in 
the state was pledged, but,*alas! he how throws off the 
mask — he breaks through all former engagements, and^ 
declares, " that a man ivJio unit make religion »w/ only 
the servant) but the very scullioji of a poliiical faciioHy 
(meaning the republicans), Vfho are endeavoitng io root 
all religion and authority/ out of the state, I am dcionnined 
to have nothing to do wi//i." 

On the very next week after Bishop Jarvis received 
the foregoing line from the Bishop of New- York; ho 
got some of the clergy, who were of his party, together 
in Litchfield, and in the dead of the night, without grant- 
ing a hearing or trial, and actually \nthout my knowl- 
edge, issued and published o paper, forbidding me to 
preach in Connecticut, Against this paper I issued and 
published a solemn protest, and declared it to be with- 
out authority and of no force; because it was issued with- 



MEMOIRS. 45 

out the previous steps re|airel b jr. the authrrity of G^Ps 
wyrU ani tha outitutliii ani cifi)i» of tha E)isc>pil 
charcb to wiicb I biba^^l; bz^me it w%$.a viilitlm 
ofkis rant sohni vjoi of oJi:3, u.})i tii3 c)iliti>a of 
waieli h3 vai orJai.idl aai miia a bi^ll)7 ; b3ciiH:r, to 
isiue a pipjr ag^iinst aay mii witluit li.^ iritis or triil, 
aal actuill/ witaiat hi^ ki)virUl^3, wh i v^i->Uti>.i of ^all 
civil aol reli^iji? oiDi^t, wu di^rricifal t) his vfi^a, 
Wis crual, tyranaicil aal apjjrei^ivn iri V\* hiijmt dsrrea 
— iuJ beoiuse the pipir isiuel b/ bish>p Jir/is a^in^t 
m3, WIS a miaifest ajil shiTufal vio!ati>i of his yyjrl, 
aui solemi assuraace ^iveu to tn3, ani to m/ p3)ple, aii 
to the w>rld, as bishi^ of.tha state, aal as pp^sibi': of t'l^ 
couventioa of the Church, in DnSary, in H)3. O.i 
the satii3 grouuls tha wirJeas anl vestry^, an 1 ninety- 
one of the mist respectable ra^.mbirs of the Ciarch in 
Stamford, issued ani published their s:)lemi protest ariinst 
the paper of Bishop Jarvis issued a^iinst ma, ani de- 
clared it without auth)rity ani v>il. 0:i the sane 
grounis, the church in Branforf, inEnt Hiv^n, in Nf irth- 
ford, ani in mmy oth^r places, is?uel aal pi'o!lsh^J thiir 
solemi protest ag Must th3 sail pvp3r, is-suil ariinst me, 
aad declarei it wi)lly with vat aithority ail voil: ail 
cwld the Dijr of Alrierj, or the kinj of Persii, or the 
ia|uisition of Spiin do m)r3 or W)rs3 thin ti distroyr a 
cler^ymm with>ut hearinr or trial, ani in violatioa of the 
mist public ani solemi assurances. 

At this tim3, I1id.rem)/el from B infori to Stam- 
ford, and hii, b/ th3 uniiimns v)te of thit pvris'i, b^- 
com3 their minister. Ail here Imilce a silemi ao^^al 
to the conscience of every pirsoi w'l) hil livel uibr 
m/ ministry in the State of C)ia3cticit, or of N'^jv-Y' )rl<:, 
hive I not diligently reii ani expmnlal the h>!y scip- 
tures of the Oil ani Ni^ Testimiut, a? op,v)rtu'iUy of- 
ferel? Hive I A)t enldivorei to fashioi m/" o^i life, 
ani others, according to the do3trine4 of Cirist, ani to 
mike myself a wholesoiiJ eximple to his fliilc? Hive 
I not always reverently obivel m/" biship in all things 
which vere a^csfilnj t^ ihi aitkjnt'f of GpI's wrri, 
a*i tke canvir^ of th'i Cuf^ch, an! subm ttei m/s3lf to a .. 
godly judgoi^ot fouaded on the sama i Have I aot faith^ 



4b BfEMOIBa 

fully endeavoredio banish and drive away irom the 
church all erroneous and strange doctrines which were 
contrary to God's word ? have I not been diligent . in 
prayers, in reading the holy scriptures, and studying the 
same, and in administering the sacraments, laying asiide 
the study of the world and of the flesh ? have I not en- 
deavored to set forward quietness, peace, and love among 
all christian people, and especially among those who 
were committed to my cha(rge ? and were your congrc* 
gations ever larger, were the people ever more edified, 
were your parishes ever more prosperous, than while in 
my care ? and where is the person^ man or woman, who 
will say that to them, and in their presence, I have not 
conducted like a gentleman and a christian ? even the 
false witnesses themselves, on whose account I have 
suffered imprisonment, and the loss of all things, have 
constantly declared my innocence, except while Under 
the influence or my personal, political, and religious eo- 
emies. - 

'^ O, Lord Jestis Christ,, who at thy first coming didst 
send thy messenger to prepare thy way before thee, 
grant that the ministers and stewards of thy holy myste^ 
ries, may likewise so prepare and make ready thy way, 
by turning the hearts of the disobediont unto the wisdom 
of the just, that at thy second coming to judge the world, 
we may be found acceptable in thy sight ; and grant O 
merciful father, that thy people may both perceive and 
know what things they ought to do, and . alsp that they 
may have grace and power faithfully to fulfil the 
same, through Jesus Christ our Lord.^-Amen " 



CHAPTER V. 

.^ HOUSE OF BISHOPS. 

From the aforesaid paper, issued and published against 
me by bishop Jarvis, I appealed to the House of Bish- 
ops of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United' 
States, assembled in the city ot New-York, 1804, by 
way of petition, and aftef statii^ my ease, pray^ them 



MEMOIBS. 4a 

to decide, Ist, to which state I did canonicaUy helong, 
Uy that a paper issued and published bj Bishop Jaryis, 
against me, without hearing or trial, and wholly without 
my knowledge; contrary to the authority of God's word 
and the established order of the Episcopal ehureh ; in- 
consistent with his most solemn vows of oiBice, and in 
violation of his word and honor, publicly pledged as 
bishop, and as president of rhe convention of the church 
in Connecticut; might be recalled; and Sd, that if any 
one had whereof to accuse me, I might be served with a 
copy of all and every charge, togot4ier with the proof^ 
and that I might have a reasonable time to prepare and 
defend myself— meaning according to the canons of the 
church in that state to which they should decide I be- 
longed. 

Bishop Jarvis was a member of this House of Bish- 
ops, and a judge in his own case; common delicacy 
would have induced him to withdraw, but he did not. 
The clerical delegates from Connecticut were admitted 
to a hearing, and I was called in. They stated that I 
had called two conventions in Connecticut; one in Wal- 
lingford, and one in Branford, and that I had invited 
some ot the le'ading democrats in Connecticut to attend, 
and was endeavoring to encourage democracy and to op- 
pose the Bishop. 1 denied that I had ever called any 
convention in Connecticut, other than a meeting of the 
people in my own particular care; or that I ever had 
used any undue influence in politics, and that I was so 
far from opposing the Bishop, that I had for tho peace 
of the church, obtained documents from New- York, 
such as had never been required from any other clergy- 
man, such as he was not anthorized by any canon of the 
church to require, and such as the Bishop and commit- 
tee of New-York were not authorized to give. 

They then brought on the matter respecting Mr. Per- 
ry's certificate, see page 29. This certificate was taken 
from among my papers in Derby, the year before, with- 
out my knowledge or consent, and now they denied 
that there ever was such a paper. I remonstrated 
against any trial, except in the state to which I did be- 
and according to the canons. I remonstrated 



IS MEBfoms. 

against calling that up as>«inst me aa a Priest which 
took place before I was a Deacon; against periTiitting a 
matter to remaia 12 or 14 years which was censarabJe^ 
and then after my witnesses were dead, and when it was 
tmposgihJe to bring forward any living testimony to brjng 
it up against me; that it was-bard, it-was unjust; besides 
the matter had been fuHy inquired into in the time of it, 
by Bishop Provoost, who was the proper authority, and 
was dismi:^ed by hfm as unworthy of notice* Bishop 
Jafvis ha*lded to the delegates who were present from 
Connecticnt, a nfimber of papers. I requested cotmsel 
ond was refused-^^the house adjourned. At fevcning I 
called and reqcrested to see some of the papers which 
were handed in against nte ! whereupon they '^resolmd 
that noihino; shall be done in the bus-lness except in the pres^ 
ence of both parties.^^ I then addressed- a letter to the 
Right Rev. Kishop White, President of the House of 
Bishops in New-York, in Sept. 1804, and objected to 
any decision or determination of the said House of Hish«- 
ops relative to me, any farther forth than as it respected 
the diocess to which [ did canomcally belong, that I 
might meet the charges, if any there were, according to 
the constitution and cano^ns of the church; and then im- 
mediately left the city and state of New-. York. Atler I 
was gone^ and when bdih parties teere not present^ they 
formed and published an opiAfoil lounded o» falsehood 
and nrisrepresentation, relative to that cert iftcate and my 
conduct in Connecticut, which was rcpreseiited as high- 
ly dishonorable; but at the same time , decided on the 
first point, that I was a clergyman not ©fJVew- York biit 
of Coojiecticut, and that it was to them that I was ex- 
cltisivefy amenable; On the 2d poiftt, as astonishing as 
it may seem, th«y approved of the, conduct of Bisjhop 
Jar vis in Connecticut, i _e. / suppose he approved of his. 
dwn doings. ' On the 3d point, they directed documents 
to be furnished to both parties, as a ground of trial in 
Connecticut. 

The very next month I sent in my petition t<^ the hish-. 
op and clergy of Connecticut, praying for a trial accor- 
ding to the. cniions of the church, on what they had al- 
ledged against mc m M«w-¥4irk: ami at the same time I 



$erU in artictei cfeamplaini ^ l&e uncatkmtcal, immorai and 
ffficked conduct of Bishop JartUj and pledged myself to prooe 
tkemy ^tkey womd give me an opporhmi^ . My petition wM 
not acteo on, and Bishop Jarvis again without hearing 
or trial, and without my knowledge issued and publish- 
ed another paper ^ founded on the misrepresentations 
which he himself and his party had made to the House 
of Bishops in New- York, and which they had referred 
to Connecticut for trial. My articles of complaint re- 
main with the Secretary to this day^ untried and unin- 
vestigated. 

Soon after this last ptLper of Bishop Jarvis was pub- 
lished, a meeting of the Episcopal Society of St. John's 
church, in Stamford, was legally warned, to call and set- 
tle a minister; and by a vote of this meeting I was cal- 
led, received, and acknowledged to be the regular, or- 
dained, and settled minister and Rector of St. John's 
church in Stamford, and they agreed to pay me at the 
rate of j(558 aryear during my natural life, any order, de- 
termination, or decree of the bishop and clergy, or any 
body else, to the contrary notwithstanding. About one 
hundred lawful voters of that parish were m favor of this 
vote, and seven against it. These seven, except one, 
were near relations and family connections of Bishop 
Jarvis; they claimed that they, seven, were the society, 
and owned the church and property; and that the hun- 
dred had, by their vote, ipeofactOf ceased to be church- 
men, and had forfeited all right and title to tb^ church 
and property. 

On this ground, they seven, sued me at law, for tres- 
pass, in going into their church and preaching, after the 
bishop had forbid me. On trial I claimed that the bish- 
op had no authority to forbid any clergyman or to si- 
lence or degrade him. It was then incumbent en the 
plaintiffs to show what authority the bishop had; and to 
do this, the bishop's vows of office, on condition of which 
he was made a bishop, and the constitution and canons 
of the church, must be introduced and read in court. 

Before any person can be made a bishop in the Uni- 
ted States, he must make this promise, viz. '^tn the name 

of God, Ameny *% — —chosen bishop of the Protes- 
o 



taut Episcopal Church (ia Connecticut, or whatever 
state it may be,) do promise conformity and obedience 
to the doctrine, discipline, and worship of the Protestant 
£piscopal Church in the United States of America; so 
help me God through Jesus Christ." 

Among other things he promises, "that he will, by 
the help of God, diligently exercise such discipline as by 
the authority of God's word, and by the order," (that is 
by the constitution and canons) "of this church is com- 
mitted to him." In confirmation of this oath and prom- 
ise, he takes the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and 
on these conditions with others, he is ordained and made 
a bishop; — (see the consecration of bishops in the. book 
of Common Prayer. ) By this, the Bishop has no author- 
ity to exercise any discipline, to forbid, silence, degrade 
or even to censure any clergyman without the previous 
steps required by the authority of Go4's word, and the 
constitution and canons of the Episcopal Church. The 
authority of Grod's word is, if thy brother trespass against 
thee, go and tell him his fault tn^lween thee and him 
alone,^' (Matth. 18 th chapter) "Against an elder receive 
not an accusation but before two or three witnesses," 
(Tim. oih chapter.) 

The amsHiuiionoftheProl Epi8. Church in the United 
States — "Article 6th. In every state the mode of try- 
ing clergymen shall be instituted by the convention of 
the church therein," &c. "Article 4th. Every bishop 
of this church shall confine the exercise of his Episco- 
p^ office to his own proper diocess or district." 

Canons nuide by the convention of the Episcopal Church 
in ConnectictUy on the first Wednesday in June, 1798, tn 
cot^ormiiy to the Sth article of the constUuHon of the Epis* 
copal church in the United States, 

Canon 3di Offences for which a clergyman may be 
brought to trial in the state of Connecticut — ^Disorderly and 
immoral conduct, neglect of duty, disregarding the con- 
stitution and canons of the church, or disseminating or 
countenancing opinions which are contrary to its doci^ 
trines are offences for which a clergyman may be brought 
to trial. 



UEMOnUB. SI 

Caxon 4. T%€ mode rf iryit^ a ckrgyman in Connect 
Hcut. — ^If a minister offend in any of these respects, ap- 
plication in writing, signed by his accusers, shall be sent 
m the first instance to the standing committee, and if it 
appears to them that there is ground for the charge, they 
shall report thereupon to the bishop, who shaH call a con- 
vention of his clergy, not less than seven, and afler ^full 
kearingy and fair trial and examinationy the bishop with 
the advice of the clergy present, shall pronounce sentence 
against him.* 

Before the Hon, Judge Davenporty in ConnectictU, 
Nathaniel Webb and others vs, Ammi Rogers. 

This is an action of trespass, in which the plaintiffs 
demand of the defendant damage and their cost, for go- 
ing into their church in Stamford, in Connecticut, and 
performing ministerial duties, after he was degraded and 
forbidden by the bishop* 

^^And the defendant did of!^r then to prove in courty 
l>y the Rev. Ashbel Baldwin, who had long been, and 
at, and long before the time of rendering said sentence 
of degradation, was, and still is, secretary of the con- 
vention of the diocess of this state j and one of the stan- 
ding committee thereof-^that no application in writing 
was ever made to the said standing committee, against or 
concerning the said Ammi Rogers; and that no report 
had ever been made against said Rogers by any standing 
committee, as is required in said 4th canon; and that 
no trial of said Rogers was ever had by any convention 
of clergy in this state. The defendant claimed that the 
said testimony of said Baldwin was admissible, to shew 
that $md biihop had no power to decade the defendant 
at the Hme of issuing and pronouncing the eaine . To which 
the plaintifis did object, on the ground that the said 
bishop and clergy are a court ecclesiastical, with com- 
petent power and authority; and they only having juris- 

*lliM is the security which every Clergytlian of the Epiicopal Church lias, 
said no Bishop has authority contrary to the Ganons, more thaa a Judge or 
Jnstict has contrary to the statate laws of the state. 



n wsMowa. 

diction to try, condemn and degrade anj of the clergyr be- 
longing to the diocess of Connecticut, and that their de* 
cision is final and cannot be inquired into by the courts 
of law of civil jurisdiction; which testimony of said Bald- 
win was adjudged by this Court to he admissible — and the 
same was heard, and went to prove; and the court found 
the facts from him claimed by the defendant to be trus ." 
•^['^and the said Rogers is not silenced nor degraded; 
but has full power and authority to go into the church 
to preachy to baptize, to administer the sacrament, to 
marry, and to perform all the duties pertaining to his of- 
fice as a PRIEST in full orders and in good standing in 
the Protestant Episcopal church."] 

The foregoing is truly extracted from the bill of excep- 
tions, [before the superior courl- in Fairfield county] m 
the case of Nathaniel Webb and others vs.Axnxm Ko- 
gers; dated May S8th, 1805. Examined by me, 

£bbn£Z£r DAYENPaBT, Justico of the Peace. 

The Bishop's party sued me nme times for this same 
trespass, and there was seldom a day, for almost eight 
years, when I was not harassed, persecuted and distres- 
sed with these vexatious and unreasonable lawsuits. I 
was attacked in the most spiteful manner, and brought 
before justice courts, county courts, superior courts, 
courts of error, and in every instance I beat them, and 
recovered my cost, or they withdrew their suit and paid 
their own cost. They never did at any time, or on any 
occasion, recover from- me so much as one cent, or 
prove any thing to my dishonour or disadvantage, though 
they ransacked, ^ith the most malicious intentions, the 
most private passages of my whole life. I was obliged 
to attend court four, and six times a year, at a distance 
of twenty or twenty-five miles, with my lawyers and wit- 
nesses, and prepared for trial; and towards the end of 
the term they would get the case continued, or appeal 
or withdraw and sue again, or I would beat them. 
Their object was, without doubt, to run me down and to 
run out my property. If the reader asks why was all 
this hatred, animosity, and contention about Mr. Ro- 
gers ? I answer^ not because I had committed any crimen 



MEMOIRS. 08 

not because I was not a clergyman in regular and good 
standing, and in love and friendship with my own people; 
and the bishop himself had acknowledged my character 
and authority to be good and that he had nothing against 
me, btii I was a republican in principle. I was opposed to 
a union of church and state — -i was opposed to compelling 
people by force of law to support that which they did not 
believe to be true. In Connecticut every settled con- 
gregational presbyterian minister can send his collector 
and take any man's horse from \inder him, or his oxen, 
or cows or" hogs, or any property which he possesses^ 
(unless he has signed off,) and can sell it at the posi 
without suing him, or granting him a hearing, I have 
known them io take even a man's bible and sell it at the 
post to pay the mmister's tax. 1 have known Episcopa- 
lians, Baptist, Methodists, and others, actually locked up 
and confined in a filthy, disgraceful jail, in Connecticut, 
merely because they would not, or could not in con- 
science pay their monev to support that which they did 
not believe to be true, 1 could mention the persons, times 
and places, but I presume that no one acquainted in 
Connecticut will deny the fact. Can it then be any 
,'^ wonder if these same people should join with bishop Jar** 
;■ : vis, and cause me to be sued nine times for the same 
pretended trespass, keep me eight vears in law, and fi- 
nally on the charge of crimes which never were com- 
mitted, disgrace, imprison, and ruin me and my innocent 
children and friends. 

The Rev. Philo Shelton made solemn oath before the 
Superior Court in Fairfield county, Connecticut, 1st, 
that he then was, and for many years then last past had 
been, one of the standing committee of the Episcopal 
Church in Connecticut, and that he was one of them at. 
the time Bishop Jarvis issued and published his pa- 
pers against Mr. Rogers; 2d, that there was not then, 
and never had been any complaint against^ or hearing pr 
trial of said Rogers in any way or manner prescribed by 
the Constitution and Canons of the church to which he 
belonged; 3d, that the House of Bishops did decide thar " 



M MEMOIBS. 

he was exclusively amenable to the authority of the Epit* 
copal Church in Connecticut. 

Certified by DAVID BURR, Clerk of Court. 

The Right Rev. Bishop White of Pennsylvania, made 
frilemn oath in his deposition before the Superior Court 
ii» Fairfield County in Connecticut, 1st, that he was a 
member of the House of Bishops m the United States; 
2d, that in his opinion it does not come within the prov- 
ince of the said House ^f Bishops to try, judge or con- 
demn any clergyman, but only to refer him to the state 
or Diocess to which he does belong for a trial ; dd, that 
he did not consider the House of bishops as enjoining 
any duty upon Bishop Jarvis, or as requiring from him 
any act relating to Mr. Rogers. 

Certified by DAVID BURR, Clerk of Court. 

Bishop Jarvis's paper against me was {as he said in 
taid paper) in discharge of a duty enjoined upon, and re- 

2uired from him by the House of Bishops — now the said 
tishops make solemn oath, before the Superior Court in 
Fairfield County, in Connecticut, that they did dot en- 
join upon him any duty, nor require fiom him any act 
relating to me icj^'Eith-er then^ Bislwp Jarvis^s papers . 
against me are a skam and lie, a solemn mockerti and witf^ 
aUt auUunHy and void — or the House of Bishops stand 
perjured before the Superior Court in Connecticut — 
Dare any one deny the fact? I have the original papers 
now in m^ possession — I challenge contradiction! 

The Right Rev. Bishop Moore made solenm oath, be- 
fore the said Superior Court, that he was a member of 
the said House of Bishops, and that the case of Mr. Ro- 
gers was referred to the authority of the church in Con* 
necticut for a trial — But the^ Rev. Doct. Bronson, presi** 
dent of the standing committee of the said church in Con- 
necticut, says expressly in his fetter to the Church in 
Glastenbury, dated March 13th, 1815, there never ha9 
been any eompUnniy hearing , or trial j (fMr. Rogers , ae^ 
cording to the Constiiuiion and Canons of ^ Chun^in 
'ihis state or any ather.^^ Where then is there a member 
of the Episcopal Church, or of any other Church, Cier- 



MEMOIRS. M 

gy or Laity, wha would not be ashamed to uphold, or 
endeavor to carry into efl^ct such cruelty, such oppres- 
sion, such abominable persecution! The Rev. tjfoot, 
Mansfield, Joseph Dudley, Esq. andSamuelJ. Andrews 
Esq. made solemn oath, that they heard Bishop Jarvi? 
declare in behalf of himself and of the Clergy in Conr 
necticut, we have nothing -against Mr. Rogers j we ack- 
nowledge his character, and his authority to be good, 
(see page 40) but I was a Rejpublican, and this they dare 
not bring up as an objection. 

Afler bishop Jarvis had issued his papers against me, 
and I was settled in Stamford, as before stated ; he cal- 
led a number of his clergy together in that place, and 
sent to the wardens of the church for the key ; they re- 
plied that4he key was in the possession of the Rev. Am- 
mi Rogers, their Rector ; that if they wanted it they 
must apply to him. Bishop Jarvis then addressed a let- 
ter to Mr. Ammi Rogers in Stamford, directing the key 
to be given to the bearer. I returned an answer, that I 
knew no such a man in Stamford as Mr. Ammi Rogers^; 
that if he wanted the key of the church, he must apply 
to the proper officer, wUh the title of hit office. The key 
was not given up, and they held their meeting in the , 
sphool-house, at a few rods distant from the church. At 
this school-house bishop Jarvis himself, and some others 
of his party, had frequent meetings, while the door of 
the church was shut against them. Their object appear- 
ed to be, to divide the afiections of my people, and to 
carry into effect the bishop's papers, by propagating the 
Ciost scandalous and malicious Msehoods^ and when the 
clergy shall undertake to destroy a man's character ^ no 
mnocence, no virtue, no integrity can stand before 
them I 

After I had recof ered a verdict of J^OO^ before the 
superior court, for y^atious and unreasonable law suits, 
1 left Connecticut, and moved into Greenfield, in the 
county of Saratoga and state of New- York, where I 
had formerly been acquainted ; and collected a congre- 
gation, organized a church, had it incorporated accord- 
ing to law, and was settled there as their Rector. I 
then brought » auit againat bishop Jarvis for slander b^ 



56 * MEMOIRSr. 

ibre the circuit court- of the United States, to be holden in 
New-Haven, in Connecticut, in April, 1811. Here I 
was prepared to support my character and standing, from 
the town where I was born, from every place where I 
had resided, and from every parish of which I had the 
charge. But although 1 had iaken the words of my 
declaration, in writing, from the moolhs^f my witnesses, 
before I brought the suit ; yet now, they being in the 
neighborhood of Bishop Jarvis, and of his federal friends, - 
and in^my absence out of the state, they could not be 
made to remember any thing which he had said against 
me ; I could not prove the words of my declaration, and 
was obliged, at a great expense^ to withdraw my suit 
Soon after. Bishop Jarvis went into the city of New- 
York, I pursued him, and there arrested him with a su- 
preme writ for j^20,000 damage, in issuing papers against 
rne, without authority, thereby causing me, my children 
and friends to be disgraced, and unjustly distressed ; 
causing me to be harrassed and put at great expense 
with vexatious and unreasonable law suits ; distressing 
my parishes, breaking up my settlements, &c. 

After I had au«d bishop Jarvis in 1811, before the 
supreme court in the stat«. of New- York, I was employed 
and took charge of the Ep. church in Saybrook, Conn. 
' and preached a part of the time in Pleasant T alley in 
Lime, and remained thereuntil 1813. In April, 1813, 
my case against bishop Jarvis was brought before the 
court in the city of N. Y. The questions were, 1st, 
Did the defendant issue papers against the plaintiff ? The 
papers were ready in court to be produced. Sd, Had 
the defendant atiy authority, civil or ecclesiastical, to 
issue and publish those papers in the manner and under 
the circumstances in which he did ? Courts of li|w of 
competent Jurisdiction in the state of Connecticut, had 
already decided that he had not. 3d, What is the dam* 
age in this case, special and exemplary ? While this 
case was depending, and before a decision was obtained, 
bishop Jarvis died, and the cas0 died with him. Thus 
the matter ended so far. 

In the vear 1808, 1 went to Baltimore^ in die state of 
Harylana, and presented my petition to the general coor 



ventioa of the Episcopal church, t&en attihgthera, com- 
plaining of bishop JarviSy foi^ issuing and publishing 
papers against me, without hearing or trial ; without mj 
knowledge, and contrary to the canons of the church ; 
and pr^iying to have them revoked and declared void, as 
they were. Humble petitions from the church in JBran-* 
ford, in East^Haven, in Northford, in WalHngford, in 
Puiham, in Woodbridge, in Salem, part of Walcrbury, 
in the north society in Derby, in Stamford, in Green- 
wich, in New-Canaan, all in the state of Connecticut : 
and from the church in Ballston, in Miltqn, and in Charl- 
ton, in the stat^ of New- York, to the same amount ; 
and stating their knowledge and approbation of me and 
ray character, were also presented to the general con- 
vention at the same time. Whereupon it was resolved, 
that neither the general convention nor any bishop han 
the cognizance of the conduct of any minister, except 
in the diocess to which he belongs and conformably to the 
canons, by the convention of the church in that diocess, 
prescribed. This was the amount, if not the very words 
of their rej9olutioo. But to afibrd the red ress pray cd for, 
the House of Bishops, in their pastoral letter to every 
member of the Episcopal church in the United States, 
Issued and published at that time, the established prin- 
ciple of the church on this point in page 15, and 16, 
viz. 

" The church has made provision for the degradation 
of unworthy clergymen. It is for us to suppose that 
there arcnone of thrs description, until the contrary is 
made known to us, in our respective places, in the man- 
ner prescribed by the canons." [t. e. neither the Rev, 
•^mmi Rogers nor any other clergyman is to b$ considered 
$ileneed^ unworthy or degraded^ until he has had a full 
hearing undfavr trial ' according to the canon^ of some 
particuiar state or diocess^ to which he belongs^ ^^ and if 
the contrary to what we wish is in any instance to be found, 
[». e. if Bishop Jarvis has done this thing'] " it lies on 
you, pur clencal and lay brethren, to present such faulty 
conduct J although with due regard to proof, and above 
alU in a temper which shews the impelling motive, to be 



18 HSMOIBS. 

the glory of God, and the sanctity of the reputation of 
his church.'' ^ , 

^' Y^hile we are not'conacious of any hias, which un* 
der an official call would prevent the conscientious dis- 
charge of duty, WE WISH TO BB EXPLICIT IN MAKING 
KNOWN TO ALL, THAT WE THINK IT DUE TO GOD AND TO 
BIS CHURCH TO AVOID WHATEVER MAT SANCTION ASSUMED 

POWER, however desirable the end to which it may be di- 
rected : we have at least as weighty reasons to restraiq^ 
lis from judging without inquiry, and from censuring " 
without evidence of crime ^ these are ends to which meii 
of impetuous spirits would sometimes draw. But we 
would rather subject ourselves to the charge of indiffer- 
ence, however little merited, than be the means of es- 
tablishing precedents, giving to slander an advantage, 
against which no innocence can be a shield, and leaving 
to no man a security, either of interest or of reputation," 
[i. e..the Hou$e of Bi»kop8 would nUher hi • the gtdlty go 
- unf^uni8hedy than be ike iiuaw of ettabHshing precedents 
of Oisumed power y in declaring a eUrg^man unworthy and 
degraded without hearing or trial-according to the canons 
(f the church in that state to which he belongs ; for this 
would be giving to slander an advantagCy against which no 
innocence couM be a shield^ and it would be leaving to no 
man a security j either of interest or of reputatMm,] *' Al- 
though we have no reason to complain that sentiments 
in contrariety to these prevail among us to any consider- 
able extent," [i. t. no one but Bishop Jarvis has assumed 
this powery'] *^ yet we freely deliver our sentiments on 
this subject, in order to give us an opportunity of calling 
on all wise and good men, and we shall not call on them 
in vaii^ to aid us in resisting that mischievous spirit, ' 
which confounds right and wrongs in judging the charac- 
ter and rights of others. 

Signed by order of the House of Bishops in General 
Convention, at Baltimore, May 23d, 1808. 

William Whits, Presiding Bishop. 
Attested by . 

James WniTEHkAD, Secretary. 

Thus the papers issued against me, by ijishop Jaryis 
are wholly revoked and declared void hy thu house of bish • 



opsy the highest ecclesiastical authority in the Episcopal 
church in the United States. I am by them yirtyally 
declared a clergyman of good standing in the Episcopu 
churchy and the conduct of Bishops Jarvis-^ in regard to 
me is reprobated in language of great justice and severity* 
In the year 1813, 1 removed from Say brook, and was 
employed to perform ministerial duties in St. Peter's 
church in Hebron, in Tolland county, one part of the 
time . I also collected a congregation, and was employ* 
ed to preach a part of the time in Jewitt City, a hand- 
some village, which was then a part of the town of Pres« 
ton, and near Lisbon, but is now apart of the town 
of Griswold, in New-London county. The next year 
I was employed to preach a part of the time in Poqua* 
tanac, which is a handsome village on a bay on the east 
side, of the River Thames, ten nules from New-London| 
on the line between the towns of Groton and Preston. 
In these parishes, and in some other towns in that part 
of the state, religion and the Episcopal church were 
blessed and prospered exceedingly under my ministry. 
The congregations were large, attentive, united and I 
believe were happy. 



CHAPTER VI. 
BISHOP HOBART XY COJ^JfECTICUT, ^re- 
in the year 1816, Bishop Hobart of New-York, was 
requested by the convention of the Episcopal church in 
Connecticut, to take charge of their churches, for the 
present, and to perform Episcopal duties in the state ; 
with this request he complied ; and soon after, the Rev. 
Mr. Blakeslee of New-London, and the Rev. Mr. Tylew 
of Norwich, addressed to him the following letter, viz^ns 
JVew-i-ondon, Oct. lOtA, 1816. «e 

Right Ret. Sir, i. »ir t> 

We are located in the neighborhood of Mr. Roge 
whose standing, is not, we presume unknown to the b' 
op. To dictate any mode of proceeding, is far from 



intention; bat we beg leaye to saggest wbetber some- 
tbtog cannot be done that may conciliate the feelings, 
and produce that unity which is so desirable, and wo oaay 
say, so absolutely neicessary, to the prosperity of the 
Episcopal church. Mr. Rogers hasseverai churches in 
our neighborhood, entirely built up (under the care of a 
superintending Providence) by his own exertions, under 
all the opposing difficulties which attend him. His pa- 
rishioners, and many other gentleman, as well clergy as 
laity, seem to doubt the constituiionality of his trial, [Ju 
never had a trial, seepage d8] and the correckiess of the 
sentence of degradation which is said to lie against hun ; 
of course the decree has iKMt been regarded by great . 
bodies of people. He is now performing the stated du« 
ties of a presb3rter in the Episcopal church. His 
friends say (and we believe with strict propriety, so far 
as respects the churches in our neighborhood,) that Mr. 
Rogers has been exemplary in his conduct, zealous in 
the discharge of his duty, correct in his doctrines^ per- 
severing in the cause of the church ; and they most de- 
voutly request that the bishop would advise some meth- 
od, either by trial or reconciliation, by strict constitur 

'^.ional discipline, or by an indulgence founded on a wish 
-.0 conciliate, and a charity which inclines to mercy, 
where the technioal rules of legal administration will 
permit. And, sir, when we view this unhappy misunder- 
standing m all its bearings, we cannot but feel a wish 
that the bishop would, in his wisdom, (for we are satis- 
fied with his zeal for the promotion of the blessed Epis- 
copal church,) devise some method by which this unhap- 
py division may be healed, and the peace, honor and 
Welfare of that communion to which we belong, be pre- 
served and consummated ; and the enemios of our most 
holy faith be deprived of their boasting. 
0<> With sentiments of the most profound respect and 
dutiful submission to the direction of our ordinary, we 

.." are, Right Reveirend Sir, yours, &c. 

JoBif Ttler, 
Roctor of Christ's Church, Norwich, 
Solomon Blakeslee, 
Recto, of St. J^mes Cbureh, New-London. 



msMOiiaB. ei 

I attended the oonventum of the Epi9e<>pal ehureh 
in New-Haven, in October, 1816, when I wrote and 
•ent to Bishop Hobart the iollowing letter, viz 

Jftw-HavenyOa. 15(4, 1816. 
Right Rev. Sir, 

After what has passed, with how much reason I ean 
afiply to the goodness of your disposition, io your justice, 
to your mercy, or to tk» charity of the disciple of hiin 
who hath said, ^^ condemn not ini ye shall noi be oanr 
deamedy^^ the resuU of this communication will in some 
measure evince. It waa twenty-ibur years on the 34th 
day of last June, since I wa» ordained i>SAC0N, and it 
will be twanty-4wo years on the 19th day of the present 
month, since I was ordained a pribst. And in enters 
tng this holy and all important . ministrt, I did then, and 
do-now, humbly trust and believe that I was inwardly 
moved by that ever blessed Spirit of God, from whom 
all h<^y desires, all good counsels, and all just works do 
proceed ; that I was truly caUed according to the wiU 
of God and the canons of the Episcopal church ; and I 
have, as God has enabled me, endeavored with all faith- 
fulness rightly and truly to admi^ter the doctrines and 
sacraments of the chuich of God, and to make myself 
a wholesome example to the flock of Christ. I have 
administered, during my ministry^ about threo thousand 
baptisms to men, women and children. I have, upon 
iheir credible profession of faith and repentance, and an 
assurance of their earnest intention, by God's grace, to 
lead a new life, following the commandments of God, 
and walking fr.om henceforth in his holy ways, admitted 
to the holy communion more than five hundred persons, 
and administered to them the blessed sacrament of the 
Lord's supper. [I have administered the sacrament of 
the Lord's supper to more than eleven hundred differ 
ent persona. I have joined about two hundred persons 
in holy matrimony : and I haye deposited about one 
hundred and thirty dead bodies of my fellow christians 
in the silent grave, looking for the general resurrection 
in (he last day, and the life of the world to come, through 
our Lord Jesus pbrist. I jtm not constfious that I have 
6 



eS MEMOIRS. 

in anv respect, departed from the doctrine or vorship ^ 
he Episcopal church, nor from Us discipHne. 

My nearest neighbors and parishioners, the wardens 
and vestriea, and congregations which have been under 
my particular care, have uniformly and very unanimous* 
/ dec!ared that I have always been to them a very faith* 
ful minister, and a ^ery exemplary man ; and that al* 
though they have been constantly conversant and well 
acquainted with me for days, and weeks, and months, ' 
and years yet from their own personal knowledge they 
had not known or had reason to believe that I had or 
would depart from the rules of morality and propriety. 
This has been the amount of their uniform and very 
unanimous testimony. I now have about two thousand 
souls in my ministerial care,jmdl know no one of them 
who I think would not give this testimony if called upon. 
But when I bring my own conscience to the bar of God; 
when I consider the awful responsibility of my profes* 
sion; when I compare the inward disposition of my heart 
and my outward words and actions with the purity of 
God and the perfect rule of his word, I feel my own im- 
perfection, I blush at my unworthiness, I see the want 
of an atonement, and feel the want of forgiveness. And 
on a review of the unhappy opposition which bishop Jar- 
vis and others have raised against me, conscious of my 
own frailty, and sensible that I, like other men, have been 
liable to err, I now confess that I have oflen said and done 
that which, on reflection, I am sorry for; and now de- 
clare, that whereimjoever I have gone astray from my 
duty, whereinsoever I have done any wrong to any per- 
son by word or deed, I do now truly and earnestly repent, 
I am heartily sorry for if, and tim ready and willing to 
make restitution to the utmost of my power; and I hum- 
bly pray them for God's sake, to forgive me all that is 
past. And whereinsoever any person has done me any 
wrong, by word or deed, and I have been greatly 
abused, greatly misrepresented, greatly injured, and 
things laid to my charge which I never knew; I am 
ready and willing to forgive them from the bottom of 
my heart, and never more to mention it; and I hereby 
offer my hand ia charity and friendship to all with whom 



UEMonui. et 

I ba^e bad any controveray. Idonota$k to he reBtartd 
to the fmmstrvy for I have never been canonically cen- 
9uredj wapendedf sUencedy or degraded; nor am I absolve 
ed-fiK>m my ordination pow$; but I ask for peace and re- 
comsiliation, that the beginning of the Bishop's govern- 
mftnt of the church in this state may be like the first day 
of a new world, where every one is a friend to every 
one, where all is harmony, all is friendship, and all are 
pleased, and all are delighted with b1\ I know that 
where envy and strife is, there- is confusion and every 
evil work, and I am heartily tired with it. I religious- 
ly believe the Episcopal Church to be a divine appoint- 
ment; that it is the general assembly and church of the 
first born on earth, the medium through which we must 
become members of the church triumphant in Heaven. 
In union and communion with this church, I wish, and 
intend, by God's grace to live and die; and in it I pray 
God to give me the confidence of a sure and a certain 
faith, the comfort of a reasonable, religious and holy hope ; 
and that I may be in favour with God, and in perfect 
charity with all the world. In a court of law I expect 
impartial justice, in an Ecclenaetical Council I expect 
mercy, peaco and reconciliation. You will please to 
lay this before the clergy this evening, or on the first 
opportunity, and let me know your determination 
in the case, at Bishop's tavern in State Street, in New- 
Haven; and I am, Kight Reverend Sir, with sentiments 
of due consideration^ your most obedient and very hum- 
ble servant. 

AMMI ROGERS. 

I was not informed whether the foregoing letter and 
that of the Rev. Messrs. Tyler and Blakeslee were laid 
before the Convention by the bishop or not; but a mo^ 
ticn was made by the Rev. Mr. Rayner of Huntington, 
to drop all matters in regard to me^ and that I should be 
received as a member of that convention. This was ad- 
vocated by most of the clergy and laity from the eastern 
part of the state— and ppposed by the Rev. Mr. Bur - 
lians, Burrage Beach, and Asa Chapman, now Jud^e 
Chapman Thia last had been employed as counsel in 



some, ifnot al) the suits againet me, for serto jreara, k 
Fairfield county. Though educated at the same Col- 
lege and at the same time, he had now become iny per- 
sonal, political, and religious encyi/; at thia^nie he v^fAr 
unteered his services, and I was ii^ormed discovered 
great zeal and animosity against me; and by his influence 
and of other federals, the motion was lost by a very small 
majority .-^Could any thmg be more arbitrary, tyrranical 
and oppressive, than to deprive a clergyman of his just 
rights and privileges, without hearing or trial, according 
to the canons of the church, in any state, in the faee and 
eyes of the pastoral letter of the House of Bishops, and 
the solemn decisions of our courts of law; and to refuse 
all overtures of mercy, peace and reconciliation? Is rnH 
this persecution? But this was only the beginning of that 
dreadful plot, by which I haipfr* since suffered two years 
imprisonment, and the loss of all worldly comforts. 

In the year 1817, the Rev. Mr Blakeslee, by the d^ 
rection of Bishop Hobart, risited all my parishes, per- 
formed divine service with them, preached to them, and 
gave them public notice that the bishop would himself, 
within a few days, visit them in person; that he wOuld 
perform divine service, preach, confirm, and administer 
the holy communion to them, and desired them to pre- 
pare themselves accordingly. Soon after bis rettirnhe 
wrote, and sent the following letter, viz. 

From ihe Rev. Mr, Blakeshe of Jfeuh-Londofiyio ihe Right 
Rev, Bishop Hobart ^ New- York, 

New-London, July 14th, 1817. 
Right Rev. and Dear Sir, 

Agreeable to your request, I have made a tour through 
ihe north-eastern section of this state, and have visited 
nine parishes, preached and performed service in each of 
them. Seven of them are purely the result of Mr. Ro- 
ger's labors; the other two were but the ruins of what 
they once had been. The church in Pouquatanic, where 
I commenced my mission, was collected some fifty or 
sixty years since, by the Rev. Mr. Punderson, but ruined 
by untoward events during the Revolutionary war, and 



UKMOIRS. 65 

has never been able (though occasionally visited by the 
Rev. Mr. Tyler,) to assume an aspect of respectability. 
The building was ahnost demolished, when Mr Rogers, 
about three, years since, first visited them. From four 
to six families were tfie number of Episcopalians then 
in the parish, as stated to me by the wardens and vestry. 
The church has since been rebuilt and finished, with a 
bell to it, and the number of families noiv belonging to 
it are from ^fiy t(h sixty; — from three to four hundred 
usually attend. They speak in high terms of the piety, 
zeal and talents of their minister, and of the perfect har- 
mony and friendship which subsist among them. Here 
I met Mr. Tyler and Mr. Rogers, who attended me in 
the services of the day. 

From this place I, attended with Mr. Rogers went to 
Jewett City, about nine B^es, where the service had 
never been atteitded to but by him. Here I found a 
handsome stone chapel, finished outside, where I met a 
numerous congregation, wjio joined devoutly. in the ser- 
vice, and performed the responses in an Vudible and 
decent manner. The hearts of the good people were 
warm, and a spontaneous glow of affection told us hov/ 
; ardently they felt the force of that obligation, which, by 
your permission had been conferred upon them., I cal* 
led upon a number of genteel families, who received me 
mih marked respect, and expressed a warmth of at- 
tachment highly honorable to the zeal and faithfulness 
of Mr. Rogers. The prospect of the growth 
of the church, although affected by the failure 
of the manufacturing interest in this place, is, however, 
very flattering; and the pleasure they felt in being thus 
noticed, led them to say the village had not seen so hap- 
py a day for five years. We left the village that evening 
and proceeded about three miles^ where we were enter- 
tained with hospitality and kindness. 

Early on Tuesday morning we drove about ten miles; 
to Mr. Cleaveland's in Canterbury, wliere I performed 
service to an attentive and respectable audience, ardent 
m th*e cause of the church, and dispassionate, in their in-> 
guinea. ^, 



66 MfEMOlM 

■♦ 

From thence we drore to Hampton, about six mileiiy 
and were received with equal civility. I performed ser- 
Tice at the house of Mr. Litchfield, convenient for a pri- 
vate house; the congregation4roQ^ two to three bnndred, 
the responses audible, and the attention warm and anima^"^ 
ted. 

From this we proceeded to Stafford, about twenty-five 
miles, where I performed service ifi the aflernoon, having 
but one service on that day. The politeness with which 
we were received' by all the respectable inhabitants, to- 
gether with their devout attendance on the service of the 
day, declared plainly how ardent their feelings were ih 
favor of the church; their gratitude was loud, their ac- 
knowledgements were fervent . 

On Thursday niorhing, after discharging our obliga- 
tion of politeness to Mr. Jobjipon, owrt^r of the establish- 
ment at the springs in Stafford, for a particular invitation 
to stop and brea|tfast with him, we proceeded to Ando- 
vcr, about twenty miles, where I perfqrmed service in 
the meeting-house, (they having lately dismissed their 
clergyman,^ to an audience of several hundreds, devout 
in their appearance, and orderly in their devotions. Ex- 
pressions of approbation in favor of the Episcopal wor 
•hip were almost universal; a handsome repast was pro- 
yided by Esquire House. 

In the aflernoon we rode about six miles to Columbia, 
where I performed service ia.the ttieeting-house to an 
attentive and respectful audience, they haviftg likewise 
lately dismissed their minister. 

On Friday forenoon I performed jsetvice in Boltob, 
about eight miles, in a house purchased by Episcopaliand, 
and fitted up for a place of stated worship. In this 

?lace there has been a warm opposition to the church, 
•"cw attended beside their owa members. They ap- 
peared like a little band, girt with armour, supporting 
the cross, and bearing the standard of their blessed Mas- 
ter. They performed the service With a devotion and 
ardour that would warm the coldest heart , and inspire 
the dumbest tongue. We dined at Doct. Whitens. 

From thence we passed to Hebron, nbout six miles, 
where at four o'clock I performed my last service. Here 



ttEuonui. m 

a numerottd congregation collected from ^e scattered 
ruins of a church founded some sixty or seventy- years ago 
by the Rev. Mr. Peters, but miserably scattered during 
the revolutionary v^ar, and but barely kept alive until 
Mr. Rogers took charge of them about four years since ; 
from which it his wonderfully increased in numbers, and 
many have joined the communion. 

On Saturday, Mr. Rogers attended rne to Colches- 
ter, where I took the stage and returned to my family 
and friends. And sir, when I retrace the circuitous 
route, of at least one hundred and forty miles, which I 
performed, every stage is marked with agreeable inci- 
dents, and every toil is sweetened \vith an endearing 
recollection. If there is any pleasure in conferring an 
obligation, you, sir, must feel the expression of that 
gratitude, which animated , every heart. Your good- 
ness in authorizirig this mission, wiH long be remember- 
ed, as a monument of that charity which delights in do- 
ing good, - 

Here my communication should have ended, but for 
the pledge which I gave and an ardent desire^ which I 
feel in leaving no interest unessayed, which might tend 
to promote the interest and prosperity of the church. I^ 
have already stated, that these churches have been, 
reared into life by the care and industry of Mr. Rogers, 
and to speak with caution, they embrace a number of not 
less than two thousand souls ; many of them have re- 
ceived baptism at his hands, have come to the holy com- 
munion through his persuasion and influence, and now 
wa- with a hope and expectation of being presented by 
their own minister to the bishop, that they may receive 
the apostolic rite of confirmation. This is the only point 
which involves nit any delicacy. If Mr. Rogers is not 
possessed of ecclesiastical authority his admiiitstrations 
are of course void ; if h^ is possessed of authority and 
emuftittUionally deprived of the exercise, his admintstra* 
tion must be equally invalid. Bnt if he has unjustly, 
that is, wkhout a c&nstUiOi&nal and ctmonkal trial been for- 
bidden the lawful exertise of that authority which he €<m^ 
sftfu/ionoffy and rightfully possessed, can ^ initrdict in 
umfscmt ^%dl Ae^ri^Mher tte iht ftrMi di^pemimg^ 



08 MEMOIRS. 

arinlhe per$on$ receiving the exercUe of thai poteen ? ' / It 
may not be permitted for me to travel over decisions said 
to be bottomed on legitimate principles, but I should be 
sorry to find on the records of the church history, pre- 
cedents by which, if they should obtain the force of law, 
the whole right of trial wotdd be committed^ and constitu^ 
lional discipHne set at defiance, / / I am disposed to be- 
lieve that whatever is rightly, that is, constitutionally and 
eanonically bound on earth, is bound in heaven ; but can 
any man in his senses suppose that there is any force in a 
sentence not consiittUionaUy inflicted!! If such is the 
<;ase, the whole Protestant church stands this moment 
excommunicated ! The maxim of the Apostle is, they 
rho have a written law, shall be judged by that law, and 
i J guard this claim, it would appear that we trei^ forbid" 
aeuy by the highest ecclesia^cal authority, to achnmBU 
edge, much more to sanctionWiy assumed power, [See the 
bishop's Pastoral Letter of 1.808, page 57. 

For my part I have no hesHeUion in acknowledging , both 
the auiliorUy of Mr. Rogers and his right constitutional- 
ly to exercise iti I consider every step, excepting that 
of deciding, to what authority is Mr. JKogers exclusive- 
ly amenable ? so informal and so extra-judicial that no 
decision, of course, no consequence affecting the charac^ 
/ ter or authority of Mr. Rogers can grow out of it. And 
it has appeared to m^ that the only true ground of pro- 
ceeding in this case is to commence it de novo, [anew] or 
to pass it by as a clerical blunder^ and learn from this ex- 
ample, not to implicate the peace of the church through 
>c:donal misunderstandings* 

I should be pleased to accompany the bishop in his 
visitation of the church in Hebron, Jewitt city, and Po- 
quatanic, (three only of the nine parishes which I visit- 
ed have churches,) should the. bishop be satisfied that, it 
would be consistent with his duty to acknowledge Mr, 
Rogers' administrations, and to receive from him, as the 
curate, the subjects of confirmation, and to communi- 
cate with him in the offices of the church ; otherwise I. 
do not consider it prudent to hold myself responsible for 
any consequences that may grow out of your sincere 
wishes to serve them. This mucbi I can assure you, 



MEMOIRS. it 

Aat no mention will be made of the unpleasant airijed 
by them, but every attention and every mark of reipect 
will be most cordially bestowed, should you feel justified 
in pursuing the course I have suggested. Having pledg- 
ed myself not to lead you into any unpleasant dilemma, 
I feel it my duty not to withold any information by 
which you might be enabled to judge correctly of the 
feelings of a great proportion of society, and might be 
enabled to form an opinion and make your decision ac* 
cordingly. No people, I am sure, will more cordiatt/ 
welcome the bishop, or treat him with greater respect, 
under the forementioned conditions, than those under 
the care of Mr. Rogers. They hold out the bi'anch of 
peaccy on constitutional principles, and they feel that 
tbare can be no security lefl to the church, but by ad« 
hering strictly to its principles. And sir, I venture to 
say; that at least one half of the clergy of this state are 
of the same opinion. With the most profound assuran- 
ces of my cordial respects and dutiful submission to 
every constittUional and canonical direction, I am, Right 
Reveraod Sir, your's affectionately, 

SOLOMON BLAKESLEE 



CHAPTER VII. 

BISHOP HOBART. 

Within a few days af^cr the receipt of the foreg 
letter Bishop Hobart published, or caused to be pub^ 
eil, in all the newspapers printed in Connecticut, that 
would visit the different Episcopal churches in that st 
on such particular days as he therein designated, 
among others, that he would visit St. Peter's Churc 
Hebron, on the 20th day of August, 1817, and 
George^s Church in Jewitt City, on such a day ia 
month, and St. James's church in Pouquatanic, on aD 
er day in that month. Expectation was all alive, 
suspicion w*a8 entertained that all was not right, or th 
plan was formed for my ruin or their destruction. G 



•90 IfEHOtlUS. 

preparations were made for their own spiritual improve- 
ment in the public worship of God^ and instruction from 
his word; in confirmation, or the laying of hands, in the 
sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and God's blessing, all 
V the bishop. Great curiosity was awakened, for not 
one out of an hundred of the people in my care, had ev- 
er seen a bishop in their lives. Great preparations 
. were made to honor him and to make him welcome. I 
had taken unusual trouble in preaching lectures on the 
subject of confirmation, and in going from house to.house 
in all my parishes, to endeavor to explain it to them, and 
to solemnize their minds for the proper and worthy re- 
ception of that interesting rite. On tne night before tho 
20th of August, Mr. Ezekiel Brown, one of the church 
wardens in Hebron, came to me after dark. The heart^f 
the good man was ready to burst, the tears streamed from 
his eyes, and he was unable to speak; at length, with a 
broken and a faultering voice, he said, 1 have bad news; 
The bishop is a going to disappoint us; he says he can- 
not visit our church because you are here, if you were 
not here he would come. 

This was the first intimation that the plan was to drive me 
oflT, or to ruin mc, or to divide and scatter the churche/ 
and congregations^ which I had gathered. There was 
no time for reflection or consultation. If the Bishop did 
not intend to visit my parishes, why did he impose upon 
the Rev. Mr. Elakcslee, by directing him to preach to 
them, and to give them false notice ? Why (lid he pjedge 
himself in all the newspapers to me, to my people, and 
to the whole world ' He had received Mr. Blakeslee's 
letter, and knew upon what terms he would be received. 
He was expected in Hebron at four o'clock the next af- 
teraoon, and it was thought advisable for me to go with 
the wardens and Dr. Peters, the next morning, to the 
next town, where the bishop was, and if possible make 
some arrangements with him. This was done, and he 
alledged that a compliance with the terms of Mr. Blake* 
lee's letter, would be an interference on his part with the 
proceeding's of Bishop- Jar vis, and would be calling upon 
himself tlie resentment of his friends; and that he did not 
wish to have any thing to do with it one way or the oth« 



MEMOIRS. 71 

er; at length he agreed that he would peribnn his en- 
gagements and not disappoint the people if the wardens 
would give in writing under their bands, thai they toauld 
not cownder him as recognizing me as a minister on that 
BAT. He said expressly, that he did not wish to approve 
or disapprove of me as a mmister, but that his wish and 
intention was to leave me to-morrow as I was yesterday; 
he did not see me, lest it should , by Bishop Jarvis's 
friends be construed into an arrangement between him 
and me. Rather than to have the people disappointed, 
they consented to his proposal. He wrote a certificate 
to the amount of what he proposed, and the wardens sign- 
ed it. I wish to have it distinctly understood that he 
did not see me, nor make any arrangements with me, or 
what I should say, or do, or where I should be< In re- 
gard to this, the wardens were not authorized, neither 
did they make any arrangment or agreement; but only 
for themselves and the church, that they would not cory* 
sider him as, recognizing me as a minister on that day. 
This was the amount of their certificate, and he express- 
ly said again and again, that he did not wish to approve 
Sr disapprove ^f me, as a minister, but to leave me to- 
morrow as I was yesterday ; that is, as discharging all 
the duties of a regular priest in the Episcopal Church. 
With this certificate, he came to Hebron, in company 
with the Hon. John S. Peters, and others. With them 
he came to the door of St. Peter's Church in Hebron, 
on the 20th day of August, 1817. From 1500 to 2000 
people were, by computation, assembled for public wor- 
ship, for religious instruction, and for divine ordinan- 
ces. About 150 persons were present, who were pre- 
pared and expected to be confirmed: which is the apos- 
tolic rite of laying on of hands after baptism.^ — Great 
nurnbers were prepared to receive from the hands of the 
bishop, at that time, the sacrament of the Lord^s Sup- 
per. When he came to the door of the church, while 
he was fastening his horse and carriage, I went out and 
welcomed him to the church in Hebron; he made no re- 
ply, but said to one of the wardens, who was present, Mr. 
Kogers must withdraw; he replied, and not attend the 
church? the bishop said yes, «nd instantly mounted hui 



•U HEMOIM. 

carnage, apparently in anger, and rode off, without con- 
aulting the other warden or the yestry, without any apol- 
ogy without going into the church, and without even 
epeaking to the people. The insult, the astonishment, 
the disappointment, are indescrihahle. It was with di^ 
ficulty that many were restrained from offering him per- 
sonal violence. The federal preshyterianswere pleased 
and some of them actually triumphed and exulted at 
what was done. The church people were mortified, 
disappointed and ashafned. The bishop instead of go- 
ing to the house of the Hon. John S. Peters, where he 
was expected to spend the night, went to a . presbyterian 
tavern, had a luncheon j satisfied some of the presbyteri- 
ans (and they were easily satisfied) that he .had done 
right, and rode off. The other churches in my care he 
wholly neglected and disappointed. Thus more than 
FOUR THOUSAND Dcople in the counties of Tolland, Wind- 
ham afid New-London, in Connecticut, were in the 
month of August, 1817, neglected, insulted, and abused, 
by bishop Hd[>art. This was a matter of gi cat joy to the 
enemies of our holy religion,aod to the friends of Bishop 
Jarvis in the Episcopal church. Atthfrtime. some of 
* rmv friends and parishioners from Jewitt City, and Poqua- 
. 'tanic,towhom I had administered baptism, and the Lord's 
Supper, attended Bishop Robert's visitation in Norwich, 
and were confirmed by him, and received the sacrament 
At this time Col. Jeremiah Halsey, who had been 
brought up a separate congregational presbyterian, and 
who was a strong federal, who had for some time attended 
my ministry, with his family, but without examination, 
reccommendation, or particular profession,, now bolted 
himself in, amOng others; and was confirmed and receiv- 
ed the sacrament. After the service he had a private 
conversation with Bishop Hobart, at the house of Col. 
Tyler, and from that time, and never before, he became 
my enemy. The blue lights of Connecticut were now 
engaged; the plan of causing me to submit to an indig- 
nity in my own parish, and in the presence of my own 
people, and others, or to drive me off and scatter my 
congregations, by inducing them to believe the decisions 
•of our courtaof Iaw4ind the pastoral letter of the House 



HfinoiRs. n 

of BtdMfM wtre of no force ; and that I was not a cler 
^yman of goecl standing in the church, was well calcii- 
iated to effect the purpose of tyranny and oppression^ in 
destroying a »clergy nan, witfeo«t hearing or trial, accord- 
ing to any rule, canon or law ; and one of whom Bp 
Jaryk htuiseHThad pQblicly and officially declared, in be- 
half of the cbmrention of the whole state of Ci>nn. 
" thaft we have nothing against him,^' [for they dare not 
come 4M]t and acknofwledge that my opposition to an un* 
ion of church and state, was^heir objection,] '^ we ac- 
knowledge ius authority and character to be good.^ 
JLnd of whom the (bishop ef fi^w-York had declared 
^f that he alwi^s eonsidered him one of the most useful 
and active otergjrmen in'that i^ate, that he never iieard 
Jbishop Provoost, his predecessor, cypress any sentiments 
of disapprobation' with regard to him, and that be never 
iiad at any time, or on any occasion, fallen under tho 
censure of the ecclesiastical authority in that state ;'' 
and of whom the Rev. Mr. Tyler of I^orwich, the JRev. 
Mr. Blakeslee of New-London, and many other clergy- 
men of the first respectability in Coniiecticut, had spok- 
en in terms of great approbation, respect and affection. 
The plan, however, though it checked the prosperity of 
the church in the eastern part of the state, gave her en- 
emies great cause of triun»ph, gave them occasion to 
^peak evil of me, was a source oi unliappmess lo liio, 
and to all my people. Yet it was not effectual ; thej 
determined still to adhere to me, and support me. For 
this purpose a meeting was called in Windham, termed 
an Episcopal Confer«Hoe, at which many votes and 
resolutions were ptfcssed of great importance ; some of 
which are as follows. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

[EPIBCOPAL COJSTF^rBENCE. 

At a meeting of 4^e Commiitees of Cor^erence appoin- 
ted fary and in behatf of the members of the Episcopal 

7 



74 , MEMOIRS. 

cburch in Hebron^ ui Jewett City, in Poouatanie, in 
Canterbury, in Hampton, in Stafibrd, in Andover, in 
Bolton, and in Columbia, duly notified and convened, in 
the court-house in Windham, this 29th day of April, 
A- D. 1818, 

Capt. Andrew Mann, o£ Hebron, Moderator,. 
, Mr. Pascal Cady, of Canterbury, Clerk, 

Voted unanimously f That it is our earnest wish and 
desire, and as far a^ we know or believe, it is the earn- 
est wish and desire of the people that we represent, 
to be with the Rev. Ammi Rogers, (vfith whom we are 
perfectly saUsJied) in union and communion with the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church in the state of Connecticut 
and in the United States, submitting ourselves to its 
GovERNMRNT, when admimaiered according to the author^ 
Uy of God^s word and tiie constitution and canons of said 
churchy conforming ourselves to its doctrines and wor- 
ship-, as represented and set forth in the holy scriptures, 
and in the book of common prayer. 
^ Voted unanimously^ That we heartily thank the Rev. 
Mr. Tyler and the Rev. Mr, Blakeslee, for their very 
excellent, sensible and correct letters, to the Right Rev. 
Bishop Hobart ;. that the statements and sentiments 
therein contained, are, in our apprehension, correct aiid 
true, and that we heartily and fully concur in them. 

SJtrned by — ^Andrew Mann, Zachariah Cone, Commitp 
lee from St. Peter's church in Hebron. — Erioch Baker, 
Peleg Fry, Committee of St. George's church in Jewitt 
City. — James Cook, Peleg Rose, Committee from St 
James' church in. Poquatanic. — Jesse Parkes, Pascal 
Cady, Committee from Canterbury. — ^Uriah Litchfield, 
Rufus Fuller, Committee from Hampton. — Benning 
Mann, Richard Stroud, Committee from St afford. -^Eli- 
jah House, John Townsend, Committee from Andover. 
Seth Collins, Ambrose Collins, Committee from Colum- 
bia. — John Talcott, Aaron Farmer, Committee from Bol- 
ton. Certified by us, 

Andrew Mann ^Moderator of the said meetir^. 
Pascal Cady, Clerk. 
To the next convention, I addressed a letter, stating 
that I was solemnlv consecrated to the ministry of the 



USMOWa. 75 

Gospel, for life ; that I could truly say with St. Paul, I 
,Cor. ix, 16, " JV<fcM«/y is laidiqtonme^ yeaftooeis unto 
me if I preach not the GospeV^ I then proposed that 
they then would appoint a committee of all the clergy 
of the Episcopal church in the eastern part of the state, 
with.full power to investigate -and settle all matters re- 
specting me, of every name and nature, ever since I had 
heen 6rdained, that I would pay all the expense, and 
that I would give a bond, with good and sufficient secu« 
rity of ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS, to be well 
and truly paid to the said convention, if I did not abide 
by their decision. 

To confess that they had persecuted me for seventeen 
years, without hearing or trial, merely because I was a 
republican, and fully believed in the equal rights of all 
mankind, that there was no civil authority in this coun- 
try which Was not derived from the people, and which 
ought not, at short periods, to revert back to them ; and 
because £ was a P4rotestant Episcopalian and did not be- 
lieve there was any ecclesiastical authority which was 
not derived from God, and must be regulated according 
to his word and the eanons of the church, otherwise it 
was not his au^ority, and was of no force ; that the civil 
and ecclesiastical authorities were separate and distinct 
in their own natures, and ought not to be united ; that 
■,ne religion established by the civil law in Connecticut, 
was an infringement upon the equal rights and privileges 
of all the citizens, and was in itself wrong. To confess 
all this, and that they had mined me as a clergyman, 
without the previous steps required by the authority of 
God's word, and the constitution and canons of the church 
contrary to the direction of the House of Bishops, and 
to every principle of justice and morality — (See the de- 
cision of courts of law, page 50, and the bishop's paai> 
toral letter page 62 ;) To confess all this they were ao- 
solutely ashamed ! They had injured me too much ever to 
Jorgive me j and not to comply with these most just and 
most reasonable reauests, would be unchristian-like and 
disgracefuL My faithfulness as a minister, and my 
strict morality as a man, were fully attested in everv 
place where I had resided, and bjr every parish of which 



I bad lh& ehaigey and acknowledged hy the bisbop him- 
■olf. I DOW gave a chaUenge to investigate ail matters 
telatkve tome, aodo&redabond of $1000, with good 
securitj, to abide by. it. The secretary anDounced to 
the coaventioo^ in Bridgeport, June 1818, that he had 
such conunuaic^ioQS. J^either the requests nor the 
proposal was ffranted or rejjccted ; but another plan was 
fft operation tmick toas designed to justly Bishop Hohari 
and themselves J and would effeciuaihf ria them of all fiiT' 
^ler trouble otk ih* subject This plan, it b not claimed 
was formed or known by the convention^ or by all the 
clergy, but one of them declared to Doct« Samuel Simons 
of Hebron, that he knew something which was privatcy 
and which he was not at liberty to disclose^ but which 
would certainly drive me out of Hebron in less than one 
year. How could he know this, if it had not been 
agreed upon? Would Bishop Hobart? would the clergy 
of Connecticut ? would any people io the world; if they 
sincerely loved God, and their fellow men for his sake, 
have treated any humai^ being as I have been used ? '* 
Would they reject all pverlures of peace and reconcil- 
tation ? — would our blessed saviour and his apostles have 
refused and neglected more than four thousand precious 
and immortal souls? Would they have conducted as 
Bishop Hobart did in Hebron! a still more dreadful 
plan.was now projected. 

My mind for some years has been, at times, greatly 
distressed, from an apprehension that the inward dispo* 
sition of my heart was not right before God. I could 
not but feel I was injured and persecuted, and a resent- 
ment would sometimes arise. It was and has been for 
more than twenty years my custom, on each night, before 
I slept, to call myself to an account before G(m1, and to 
note down the particular transactions of each day ; and 
^ is a fact that I have not eat a meal, nor staid a night 
in my house, nor perfomed any miaisterial duty for more 
than twenty years, which, by turning to my journal, I 
cannot tell when and where it was. ' ^ 

<< O Almighty and Everlasting God, the protector of 
all that put their trust in thee» without whom nothing is 
strong) nothing is boly| i;iQrea3e und muhiply upon m9 



MEMOIRS. 77 

thy merey ; that thou being my ruler and mj guide, I 
may so pass through things temporal, that finally I may 
not lose the things eternal ; ingraft and continue in my 
heart the lore of thy name, increase in me true religion, 
nourish me with all goodness; and of thy great mercy 
keep me in the same through Jesus Christ our Lord— 
Amen." 
" Our Father who art in Heaven, &c. 



CHAPTER IX. 

PERSECUTIOJ>r. 

In the year 1816 Bishop Hobart was invited to tak^ 
Episcopal charge of the church in Connecticut — lad 
dressed a letter to him, [page 61^] begging for peace 
and reconciliation. In 1817 by his direction, the Rev. 
Mr. Blakeslee visited my parishes, [page 64;] on the 
20th of August in that year Bishop Hobart came to the 
door of the church in Hebron, and because I would not 
submit to an indignity in my own parish, turned his back 
upon more than 1500 people, assembled for publie 
^/worship, and disappointed more than 4000 in the 
neighboring towns and counties. — In 1818 an Episcopal 
Conference, in the north-east part of Connecticut, was 
held in Windham, at which they voted unanimously, thai 
they were perfectly satisfied toith me,— In 1818 1 proposed 
that a convention of the Episcopal Church in Connecti*. 
ciit should appoint a committee of all the Episcopal Cler- 
gymen in the eastern part of Connecticut where I lived, 
with .full power to call the wardens and vestries and con- 
gregations together, of all the parishes where I had ev» 
er resided or preached and decide upon all matters rela* 
ting to me; that X would go with them myself, that I 
would pay all the expenses^ and then offered a bond of 
^1000, wUh good ana sufficunt securityy to be we]) and 
truly paid to said convention, if I did not abide by their 
decision. But no ! a plan tDas known to some of them, 
uhith was a secret, and which they were not at liberty to; 
7# 



•n BfEMOIRS. 

disclose, and which was kept from me as the hour of 
death ; but it would certainly answer all their purpose!^ 
and drive me out of Hebron in less than one year 
What this plan could be ||p one could devise. Imagin* 
ation was all alive — something was in contemplation--^ 
what could it be ? One of Bishop Hobart's Clergymen 
from the state of New- York came into my neighborhood 
but did not call upon me. He visited Dr. Avery Down- 
er, in Preston, who was a congregational presbyterian, 
and who had quarrelled with almost all the clergy in that 
neighborhood, of every denominatioui and who then, and 
never before then, became my enemy; falsely represen- 
ting me as unworthy and degraded, cuid that I should not 
preach there. He then reported, that Zenith C. Smithy 
a single woman, to whom Dr. George Downer^ boh of 
said Jhkry DowneVy had been paying particular, attentioif 
for about two or three years then last past, had, the year 
before, been like to have a child by him, and had lost it; 
and iCjHiieir plan ivas now. found to 6e to Induce her to 
swear it falsely upon me. 

i After Bishop Jarvis had forbid me to preach m Con* 
'necticut without hearing or trial, though he declared he 
^ad nothing against me; that my character and authori* 
ty were good-rafter I had appealed to the house ofBish-' 
opsin 1804, and they had referred the case to the church 
in Connecticut for trial,-^after Bishop Jarvis had refu* 
0ed that trial, and issued another paper without granting 
a trial — ^after a meeting was called in Stamford and the 
church in that place had iphotested againsFt the proceed- 
ings of Bishop Jarvis, and voted to pay me at the rate 
of $558 a year during my natural life, any order, de^ 
termination or decree to the contrary notwithstanding-*— 
after I had been sued nine times for the same suppcmed 
trespasses, in going into my own church and .performing^ 
ministerial duties, and they never had recovered from cm* 
BO much as one cent, nor proved any thing against my 
'conduct or character^, though they ransacked the most 
'private passages of my whole liife, and that with the most; 
.malicious intentions, for almost eight yeara-^after I kad 
'sued their party for^ tiarrassing and distreasini; we witk: 
t?exatietts and unreasonable law-suits^ i^d had recovered 



ll£HOIRS. 19 

a verdict of $600 against them, befbre the Superior 
Court in Fairfield — after I- had appealed to the General 
Convention in Baltimore, and the House of Bishops had 
revoked and declared voidy andof no force ^ all the proceed- 
ings of said Jarvis in this caSe — after I had made the 
most conciliatory overtures of peace and reconciliation 
to Bishop Hobart, who sent the Rev. Mr. Blukeslee to 
visit my parishes, and had received the most favorable 
report; and then disappointed and abused more than 
- 4000 precious and immortal souls in the north-eastern 
part of Connecticut — after I had been persecuted, insul- 
ted and abused for almost twenty years by Bishop Jarvis 
and his party in Connecticut; who could get •nothing 
against me, my character and authority were good, my 
veople were perfectly satisfied with mcy and bad used all 
lawful and prudent means to promote unity, peace and 
prosperity in the Episcopal church, and I had offered a 
oond of jjJioOO, with good and sufficient security, to be 
well and truly paid to them, if I did not submit to their 
decision — yet all this would avail them nothing so long as 
they could see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king^s gate. 
Nothing but perjury! the most dreadful the most heaven- 
daring perjury and subornation of perjury! could effect- 
a purpose so unspeakably wicked, and which for almost 
twenty years they had in vain been striving to accom- 
plish. Col. Jeremiah Halsey, Doct. Avery Downbr, 
of Preston, and James Xanmaist, Esq. of Norwich, who 
had been one of the most violent federal congregational 
presbyterians in Connecticut, and was my personal, po- 
litical,, and religious enemy, and of whom the Rev. Dr. 
Tyler declared to me, that he never had known any man 
in Norwich, who had discovered such an unfriendly per- 
secuting spirit against the Episcopal church as he had 
were the persons engtiged in this dreadful project. 

J%is really is one of the most abommahle conspiraciea 
that ever was formed against any man in any country. 
And it certainly is promoting truth and justice; and it 
is suppressing perjurv, wickednesd and vice to expose it 
to public animadversion and contempt. My religion, my 
principles, and inclitorftion, forbid me to speak «vil of any 
«Be^ aay further Unth thaa a Bacred regard to truth and 



80 MEMOIRS. 

justice compel tne. How muchsoever I may have done 
and suffered for the Episcopal church, and how muchso- 
ever I believe the authority, admire the doctrine, and love 
the worship of God in that church, and how reluctant so- 
ever I may feel in exposing the real faults of my brethren, 
who are of the clergy in this case, yet to be &ilent would 
be upholding perjury, subornation of perjury, and the 
highest injustice to myself, to my children and friends, 
and to the church of Christ. So soon as this PLAJW 
was known, the church in Jewitt City appointed Messrs*. 
Enoch Baker and Peleg Fry; and the church in Po- 
quatanic appointed James Cook, Esq. and Mr. Peleg 
Kose, ^committee to inquire into the truth of this report. 
They went in person to the house at difibrent times, 
where the - crimes were said to have been committed, 
and made diligent and full inquiry and examination, of 
the said Asenath, of her mother and sister, and grand- 
father, with whom they lived; and of Perry piark and 
bis wife and family who lived in the same house with 
them, and also of the neighbors, and they found the 
whole story, as it is related to me, to be 'a palpable 
FALSEHOOD, and they so reported, and the report was ac- 
cepted by the churches. 

Downer, Halsey and Lanman, being thus foiled in 
their plan, resolved upon one expedient more, and that 
was to frighten and compel her to swear her supposed 
child, not upon Doct. George Downer, but upon me; and 
for this Halsey entered a complaint against her, before 
a federal presbyterian justice, of their party ; and m 
duced Doct. E. B. Downing, of the same class, to swear 
that he had some time the year before delivered her of a 
dead child. — Halsey and Downer then threatened her, 
if she did not swear it, not upon George, but upon me, 
she would be whipped at the public post — ^that she would 
be stripped stark naked, and sit upon the gallows with a 
rope about her neck, &c.: — The poor girl wa^ frightened 
almost to death, and privately left the town and county. 
During all this time I was in Hebron, a distance of about 
30 miles, had heard nothing of it, and knew nothing of 
it ; but on my return to I^reston, I was informed by 
James CookEsa. what h|^ been done. I then called 



SttBMOtR06 94 

upon her mother who iaformed me where lAe was; I went 
there ajad she tbea coofesaed tome the whole story, \iz. 
^^ That she had for two or three years then last past, kept 
private eompxmy wii^ Dr: George Downer, that he had 
promised, and she expected to marry hin>— that on the 
iirst day of July, 1817, she b^oame like to have a child 
by him, that he weal away to Ohio and left her, that she 
had been sick and iafism and had lost it ; and that Col. 
Halsey and old Dr. Downer had tried every method in 
their power to. induce her to swear it falsely upon me, 
that she was determined not to do it, and ^r that reason 
bad leil the county." She then gave her deposition to 
that amount, dated ii| Hampton, May 28, 1&18, and went 
to her uncles in Mass. She then wrote to James Cook, 
Esq. dated August 6th, 1818. '^ That «he never had 
known any thing in my conduct unbecoming th^ gentle- 
man, the christian or the. clergyman, and that I was no 
way justly liable to reproach in any of those matters 
which some people had lain to my charge respecting her, 
and, says she, ^^ I think it no more than fair to clear him 
of every thing of every name and nature which can in- 
volve him on my account. 

AsKfYATH C. Smith." f 
In the month of March or April 1819, Asenath C. 
Smith returned to Griswold — her mother for many months 
had been sick with a hectic fever, which is a family com- 
plaint, and soon afler died. Dr. A.very Downer w§s 
their family physician, was very unfriendly to me, and 
by misrepresentations had made them believe that I was 
their enemy, and would do them all the hurt I could. 
Maria was willing to go-all lengths — he had made them 
believe, that Halsey and Lanman and he, did not wsj^ 
to hurt them, but to drive me out of the state and out 
of the ministry, and then was the time for them tp makQ 
their fortunes. — Mr. J^anman would get from me every 
cent of property that I was worth in the w^arld, %nd they 
diould have it, and it never should cost them any thing, 
nor hurt them ; and that it would be the most foir their 
honor of any thing they could do, for the Bishop and all 
t Was there ever before, socli an inftuQoaifiilaa I or «ucb a borridpefi«v 
9«ti«l ! J . 



S2 MEMOIRS. 

hid friends, and all the prcsbyterians and baptists would 
immediatelj take their part and become their friends, 
and they would be more respected and have more friends 
than they ever had in the world, or than any other girls 
in town. Soon after this, Col. Halsey and Dr. Downer, 
came there and staid all night for the purpose of get- 
ting the said Asenath to swear her supposed child upon 
me, which she had before justly and truly charged upon 
the son of the said Downer. They took her into 
a private bedroom alone, and talked to her, they 
said, as friends, and urged and coaxed and flattered, and 
staid all night, and promised her riches, honpr, protection, 
secrecy and safety, if she would swear, to what they 
would tell her. At length she consented, and in the 
morning Col. Halsey dictated tfte story which they had 
agreed upon — rDr. Downer wiote it and she made oath 
to it. Soon afler this, within a few days, Mr. Lanmaa 
came there, about eight miles y at about 2 o'clock .P. M . 
took the said Asenath into their east chamber alone, and 
remained there until about nine or ten o'clock at night. 
She says, that he put his arms around her, and hugged 
her, and kissed her, &c. and promised her the same as 
Halsey and Downer had done before — ^that he said if I 
prosecuted her for perjury it must come through his 
hands as staters attorney, and he would pledge his honor 
and the honor of the whole state that he would stop it. 
Syhe says that she told him that she could not in con* 
science testify as she had done before Halsey and Dow- 
ner, fi>r it was not true — then he told her she could and it 
never should hurt her ; that she neied not and should not 
be called upon to testify publicly but only before a Justice 
and a few friends, and that it would be th<r best and most 
honor able ^thing that she had overdone in her life— the 
most for her honor and interest and for that of her fami- 

Col. Hals#f was an old experienced lawyer and knew 
what would do and how to contrive. Dr. Downer was 
a learned, sensible man, a noted physician, and much 
looked up to. Bishop Hobart had neglected me and 
my parishes,— a hue and cry was raised — the congrega* 
tional federalists considered me their political and reli- 



MEMOIRS 8f 

giouB enemy-^I had buiH up an Episcopal Church 
among them "^hare the service had never been performed 
before, — their cause was falling, jealousy and animosity 
were on the alert^ — Halsev had pledged his life and hia 
honor ta.^senath and Maria, (and ii was doru before 
Vfiine9sei) that it never should hurt them or cost them 
any thing-— Mr. Lanman was a great beau, a senator of 
the United States, a Connecticut State's Attorney, he 
had been there, eight miles on purpose to see them, had 
been shut up alone with Asenath from two o'clock in the 
aflernoon till nine or ten o'clock at night, he had put 
his arms around her, and hugged her and kissed her, {he 
fffoa a wieUwer) «nd promis^ her riches, honor, friend- 
ship, protection and even secrecy if she would swear 
these things upon me— -she says she told him that they 
were not true and she could not in conscience swear to 
them ; then he told her she could and it never should 
hurt her. Mr. Perry Clark, h^r uncle, was called in 
to hear the promises if she would swear against me, and 
all this is solemnly sworn to by their own wittnesses. 
Now let any young woman, like Asenath C. Smith, be 
courted for two or three years by a respectable young 
physician — let her meet with a misfortune and have it 
lEnown and sworn to — ^let such. men as Col. Halsey, no* 
ted far hiai intriguea among women — let such a man as Dr. 
Downer, who was then of respectable standing in socie- 
ty, of great art, intrigue and affability — let such a man 
as James Lanman, a Senator of the United States, a 
noted lawyer, State's Attorney, a federal preehyterian 
church member ya very handsome young widower, very 
dressy, very gay, let three such men try their skill upon 
such a poor fatherless girl as Asenath C. Smith, let them 
engage her unprincipled sister Maria to assist them, and 
who can tell what they might not induce her to say or do ? 
What might they not induce her to testify f During all 
this time I was in Hebron, a distance of 30 mi]es,had not 
heard that she had returned — ^was wholly ignorant of 
what was going on— and had no more thought they 
would bring a charge against me for committing a crime 
with her than any other person in the world.— T^ wjufl^ 
plan vos kept from me aprofownd Mceret until I came to Po» 



«^ IfiMOfitt. 

'^tnitaritc on mf regirfi^ tf<i8iiie«»i if/ken I jpna infinrni^ 
'fhat home "pttm Uras-hi motion relatirfe to in^«nd Asenath 
X). Smitd, fltnd Mr. Lttrnnftn wiA «ng9ged in the bold- 
ness, f sooti called him and found ^im boBtt}e to a degree^ 
^hat the ivhole ^lan was me^tiired, cut, dried, ^^pared, 
•atid 1 was arrested.*— In vain did I expostulate — in rain 
tSidI refefr him to tbe kivestigation of the ehurchea in 
that ^eighborbood-^^o the report of the committees^ to 
the docaments id my posaeomon — ^in vain ^id I urge him 
t0'dela7 the thne until I could fonfish hiili with satisiao- 
tory' evidence of tny innocence— no ! the deadly blow 
was ainred*^«4he whole plan was contrived and matured, 
little did I think Or know that Halaey and Downer had 
"been to see Asenath and staid all night, and that Lanman 
had been shut alone with her from two o'clock P. M. till 
ten o'clock at ni^ht-^that Halaey had contrived and 
dictated the story whieh they wished her to testify — that 
Downer had Written it and that Lanman and they had 
coaxed and flattered and hired her to swear to it. But 
Lanman now told me plainly ifeof I had done m&re if^ury 
to the presbyterian etUihiishmeni oj QoimectiCMA than any 
moffi he €V9r kneWy and that he iioas determined to drive me 
out of the ministry and out of the state. It was not bc- 
tcause I had committed any crime with Asenath C. Smith 
or with any body else, but because I had oppossed the 
federal presbyterian party in Connecticut, opposed to 
their taxing every body without th«ir consent. 

I acknowledged service, procured bail^ agreed upon a * 
day for a Court of Inquiry. The information was 
brought before Farwel Coit,Esq. own cou^n of Lan- 
man, and w|s never known to decide a ca&e against 
him or hisArohes. — He was a warm federal -presbyteri- 
an and particularly unfriendly to me for having estab- 
lishied an Cpiscopal church in Jewitt City, among his 
connections. Aiid most of them had turned Episcopali- 
ans, The 29th day of April, 1»19, was the day agreed 
upon for their inquiiT, and the place was Joseph R. Wil- 
loughby's tavern in Norwich Landing — and I had about 
10 days to prepare. Here b the iN>at^FeadlbLplot, plan, 
stratagem and conspiracy, that e^r was f<^rmed against 
any man in any country ;-^AiH>^ ^lef^rivbg me of my 



MEMOHIS. 95 

just rights and privileges without hearing or tnai, after 
^harraessing |And distressing me in law for almost 90 
' years without even a probable cause of action, after I 
had recovered a verdict of $600, against them for vex- 
atious law suitS'^-after having caused me to travel over 
a great.|!>art of the United States, at great pains and ex- 
pease, in my own defence — after having been refused 
every overture of peace and reconciliation — after Bish- 
op Hobart had, on my account, insulted and abused 
more than 4000 peo[^e in the eastern part of Connecticut, 
a conspiracy was formed, a tecret plan was devised^ and I 
was to be driven out of Hebron in less than one year. 
Ministers ofthegqspel and officers of public justice were 
in array against me — shall I like St. Peter, draw the 
sword? Shall I like the Vicar of Wakefield, take my 
bible in one hand, my gun in the other and demand jus- 
tice or death ? Shall I like St. Stephen, pray for my per- 
secutors and murderers ; or shall I like my blessed Sav- 
iour, open not my mouth to them ? O, Almighty and 
most merciful Groa, be pleased, I beseech thee, to direct 
and assist me in all my doings, and in all my sufferings, 
with thy most gracious favour ; give me all such things 
as are necessary and profitable to me ; defend me from 
all such things as are hurtful either to my body or to my 
soul ; and finally, by thy mercy, receive me into ever- 
lasting life through Jesus Christ my Lord, who hath mer- 
cifully taught and expressly commanded me and all oth- 
ers, that when vte did pray we should say, Our Father, 
who art 'jn Heaven, &c. 



CHAPTER X. 

COURT OF INQUIRY IJ^ KORWICH, COX- 
NECTICUTy APRlL,29th, 1819. 

Present— Farwel Coit, ^ Jwiict of the Peace fm 
JYeW'London Caun^, 
James Lawman £sq. County Attorney^ and 
Col. HdUe^y associated with him. 
8 



8f MEMOIRS. 

/y Jhmi Rogtr$f was called and answered. 

Mr tAmmtm then read his complaint ag^pst me, which 
'was couched in language so yery obscene and offensive 
that I am absolutely ashamed to repea:t it, but was well 
calculated to sour and prejudice the minds of the public 
against me before I was heard — ^naj, in the minds of 
the federal presbjterian establishment in Connecticut, I 
ought to be condemned right or wrong. The crimes 
charged upon me were, 

Ist. That I had in the town of Griswold, county of 
New-London, and state of Connecticut, on the first day 
of July 1817, committed a crime with Atenaih Cafioline 
SmUhj a single unmarried woman, of that town, by which 
she did then and there become Uke to have a child by 
me. And 2d, That she had, by the use of means used 
with her by me, lost that said child. 

To these charges I pleaded not guihy either in whole 
or In wnj part. 

Calwn Goddard Esq, one of the noted Hartford Con- 
vention men, a strong federal congregational presbyteri- 
an, and who was strongly opposed to me in politics and 
religion ; but who, I charitably hoped, would not betray 
the cause of his client — and Jacob B, Gurley Esq, of^- 
New-London were my counsel. They informed me that* 
any attempt to counteract any complaint of that kind 
brought by James Lanman before his cousin Farwel 
Coit Esq. would be absolutely unavailing ; but that it 
might be well to know their testimony and prepare for a 
trifil before the Superior Court. 

ffltoetses on ike part of the prosecufiofi. 

Jlsenadi CaroUne Smithy was the first witness called 
and sworn with her sister and others. She testified that 
the charees just read by Mr. Lanman against me were 
true, and then stated the circumstances. — But afterwards 
she confessed that the whole story was false — that it was 
contrived and made up by Col. Halsej, Pr. Downer, and 
James Lanman — that ope of tU^m dictated it, the otheti 
[wrote it| and that they and James Lanmaphad over-i 



filEMOmS. 87 

perauaded and hired her to swear to it, and that it was 
not true and they knew it ! ! 

Jlfat ia A. Smithy the sopposed sister of the said As6« 
nath, was the next witness. She said that I had courted 
her sister, and she expected I would marrj her — that I 
came there on a certain night, at a late hour and advised 
her sister to run away, and that on the next day Andrew 
Clark carried her away, &c. — (She afterwards made oath 
before Dennison Palmer Esq. a justice of the peaqe, 
that her whole testimony before Esq. Coit at diis time, 
was contrived and made up hy Col. Halsey, Dr. Down- 
er^ and James I^anman — that it was entirely false and 
they knew it, but that they had been over-persuaded and 
hired to come there and swear to.it.) 

Ih, E, B, Downing was the next witness. He testi- 
fied that he had at some time in Griswold, delivered 
Asenath C. Smith of a dead child*^ that it was so putre- 
fied that he could give no account of it, and that it was 
immediately destroyed — ^that he saw no mark of violence 
upon it, and that it might have been produced by sick- 
ness, infirmity or accident — that he did not hear my 
name mentioned, and that hef did not know that I was in 
that part of the state at that time — He was of the Lanman 
party y a violent federal preshyterian^ and would have been 
willing to have me destroyed right or wrong, 

Samuel Wheeler y a negro boy, testified that one mor- 
ning, at sun about half aq hour high, he was sent to Mr. 
Clark's to borrow a bag, that they sent him up stairs-^ 
that he looked through the crack of a door and saw 
Asenath and me in bed together. Question by Mr. God- 
ijjard. — Di^ you go into the chamber ? . Answer — No. Q. 
Were they covered up in bed'? A. Yes. Q. How far 
was the bed from the door? A. Clear across the chatn- 
beir. Q. Was it a large chamber? A. It was. This 
same negro has since justly suffered two year's impris- 
onment in Newgate state prison at Simsbury Mines for 
breaking open a store and stealing in North Stonington, 
Con. He was a suitable wUnesB to beemployed in this case 
by Halsey y Lanman and Downer ; "birds of a feather 
will flock together." Mr. Clark testified that the said 
negro was brought up within about 40 rods of him, that 



m MEMomd. 

he always considered hhn to be a most notorious liar and 
a thief; that he had no knowledge of having sent any 
one into his chamber, at any time, after a bag; for that 
he alfirays kept his bags, not in his chamber, bet in his 
corn house; and that he thought no confidence ought to 
be placed in his testimony . - 

iiluha Geevy grand-father of the said Asenath, was 
the next witness. He testified that he lost his wife by 
death, that I preached a sermon at his house on the oc- 
casion — that afterwards he lost his only son and I preach- 
ed a sermon on that occasion also— that he pastured my 
horse when I was in Jewitt^ City, and I was frequently 
there; but as for the crimes now charged upon me he 
never knew any thing about them, nor heard any thing 
about them tiH very lately-^about two years after they 
were said tc Have been committed. 

Mr, Pcis* Jlark and hiswifcy testified that they lived 
in the same nouse with Asenath, that they never knew 
or heard of the crime now charged upon me until short- 
ly before that time — that is two years after when Col. 
Halsey and Dr. Downer oame there and staid all night. 

ff^ekame Jt, Browning and Wth^ testified that they liv- 
ed near neighbors to the said Asenath^ — that they never 
knew nor heard any thing of the charges now brought 
against me until within a short time — that the black ^1- 
low who testified was a poor, mean^ lying thievish negro 
and that they could not believe him when he was sent 
on a common errand, and that they placed no confidence 
in his stonr — he was their negro and lived with them. 

Some of the Brewsters and the fVidow Lester y strong fed- 
eral presbyterians^ testified that they lived in the neigh- 
borhood of the said Asenath and Maria, that they knew 
nothing a^^ainst their character as to truth and veracity, 
(but on trial I was informed that they refused to testify 
any such thing, and on that account they were not Sub- 
fosnied.) 

Jf itneaset on the part of the accused, 

James Cooky Esq. was the first witness. He is a man 
who is one of the first as to character and standing in 



MEMOIRS. m 

that part of the country; the first select man of the town 
of Preston, oflen a member of the Legislature from that 
town, a justice of the peace, &c. &g. He testified that 
Mr. Peleg Rose and he were a committee appointed by 
and in behalf of the church in Poquatanic to inquire 
into the truth of the reports, which are now char- 
res against Mr. Rogers, that they went to the house of 
Mr. Elisha Geer, where the young woman resided, and 
made diligent inquiry and full examination of the said 
Asenath, of her nrother atld sister and grand father^-that 
Ihey all declared that the reports were wholly false and 
inalicious, that Mr. Rogers had never kept private com* 
Bany with Asenath, that they never had reason to think 
that he intended to marry her, that he never had conduc- 
ted any w&y improperly there, that they knew nothing 
and could say nothing against him, and that the whole 
wtory was a lie ; that he then wrote and they signed the 
following certificate,* that they then called on Welcome 
A. Browning and wife, stated their business and made 
diligent inquiry of them, who declared that they knew 
nothing and had heard nothing of the reports, that Mr;< 
Rogers always appeared like a gentleman and acted like 
a gentleman, and that they could say nothing against 
him — that they then went to Mr. Ebenezer Clark's and 
stated their business to them and made diligent inquiry 
and could find nothing agcanst Mr. Rogers — that they 
then returned and reported to the Church that they had 
been in person to the place where the ill conduct wa«' 
said to have taken place, that they had diligently inquired 
of the person implicated, and of all the family, and of the 
neighbors, and that they found the charges now againsi 
Mc. Rogers to be wholly false and that they ought not 
to be regarded, aad their report was unanimously accepted 
by the churches. ' ■ ' ■■ 

^Oritwold, Jannary tih, 1818.^- We the subscribersy hereby certify, 
dial the Ret* Ammi Eogert has obeasionally visited our &iuily two or thre^ 
years past; when we had sickness and death in the house and at otlier times; • 
that we have always considered him a worthy gentleman, an exemplaiy maqi, ' 
fl^ foithful good Clergyman, and not justly liable to reproach for any impro- 
plriety of conduce— ^signed by Aifenath C. Smitb, the principal toitnew. An- 
■a Smith her mother, Maria A. Smith, her^ter, Eltsha Geer, hier grand- 
poher^ Perry Clark, A«r- wide, Sophia Clark, htr tmntt h^Xikv CHarkt *€r 
cbtfsnt, all ivsiding in the house witli her. 
8* 



•0 aiEMOIBS. 

Mr, Peleg Rose, the next witness was a very rejspec- 
tahle man, one of the vestry of St. James' Church in 
Poquatanic, and a committee to go with James Cook 
£sc|. to inquire into the truth of the charges now against 
me, testified that he did go with said Cook and that th^ 
facts were as he had stated them, and that from said in- 
quiry he was fully satisfied that the charges against me 
were, utterly and absolutely false and ought not to be re- 
garded. 

Mrs, Prisctlla Cooky wife of James Cook, Esq. is a 
yery respectable woman, a professor of religion, and 
would be an ornament in any christian church, testified 
thi^ from her own personal knowledge, and other circum- 
stances, she had no reason to believe, and did Hot be* 
He ve that the testimony of Maria A. Smith then given in 
court was true, and stated wherein it was not true. 

Mr. Enoch Bilker y is one of the vestrymen of St. 
George^s Church in Jewitt City, a very respectable man 
and as much to be believed as any other man m town, 
tesfied that a report waa put in circulation, as near as he 
could find out, by Col. Halsey and Dr. Downer, that 
Asenath C . Smith, who resided within about one mile of 
Jewitt City, had been like to have a child by Mr. Rogers^ 
and had lost it by his means, that a meeting of the war- 
dens and vestry of the church in Jewitt City was called to 
inquire into the truth of this report, that Mr. Peleg Fry 
and he were appointed a committee for that purpose, that 
they went in person to the house where she resided and 
made full and fair examination, and inquiry of her, of 
her mother and grandfather, and of Mr Ferry Clark and. 
his wife, and of his neighbors, and that they found the 
reports, now charged against Mr. Rogers, to be whoUy 
false and nutlicious and ought not to be regarded^ and they 
80 reported to the church and it was by them unanimous- 
ly accepted. 

I Question by Mr, Lannum. Did Mr. Rogers go with 
you when you made this inqniry ? 

Answer, He did not, nor do I know or believe that 
he was at that time in this part of the state, or had ever 
been informed of what was going on 

Mr. Peleg Fry^ is also one of the vestry of St. George** 



MEMOmik 01 

church in Jewht Citj, is a respectable man and as much 
to be believed as any other man, testified, that he was a 
committee with Mr. Baker, that he went with him, that 
his statement was true, and that he had no knowledge 
or belief that Mr. Rogers waa in that part of the state, 
or knew any thing of it. 

TJiefolloioing documents were then read and* delivered 
to the justice and Lanvmiiy aa evidence in the case^ by con^ 
taU o] counsel, 

1st The deposition of the said Asenath wherein she 
did, the year before, make solemn oath, that for two or 
three years last past, she had kept private company with 
Dr. George Downer, that in hope and expectation of be- 
ing married to him, she did on that very first day of July 

1817, become like to have a child by him, and that she 
lost it by sickness, infirmity, &c. 

2d. The certificate of Eiisha Geer and family, and 
of Perry Clark and family, in which, the year after she 
was said to have been delivered of the supposed child, 
they cleared me of these charges, or of any other impro- 
priety of conduct. 

dd. The letter of the said Asenath, dated August 6th, 

1818, to James Cook, Esq. in which she says, whatever 
misfortunes may have befallen her, they are not justly '» 
chargeable to Mr . Rogers. 

4th. The certificate containing the report of the com- 
mittee of St. George^s church, in Jewitt City ; that 
they had been in person to the house of £lisha Geer, &c. 
the same as Mr. Baker, and Mr. Fry now testi^ed. 

5th, The uhanimouB vote of the wardens and vestry* 
men of St. George's church, accepting and approving of 
the said report. 

6fth. The deposition of Capt. Thomas Miller, in 
which he testified that he heard Ebenezer Lathman 
agree with Mr. Rogers to be in Jewitt City about the 
last of October, 1817, and to bid off some of his proper- 
ty, which was to be sold at auction. 

7th. The deposition of Curtis Hickox, Esq. in which 
he testified, that on that very first day of July, 1817, 
when I was accused of committing that crime in Gris- 
wold, I was at his house in Washington, one hundred 



9e .^sMoma. 

miles from Griswold, thcit he then and there paid me ^0, 
in money, and took my receipt in full, dated at his house, 
one hundred miles from Griswold, on that very first day 
of July, 1817. 

i 8th. The deposition of Dr. Wells Beardslee, in 
which he testified that I was in Kent, (near Washington,) 
one hundred miles from Griswold, on the first day of 
July, 1817, and for some time before, and that I was not 
in Griswold. 

9th. The deposition of Homer Swift, Esq. in which 
he testified the same as Dr. Beardslee. 

Dtrbyy April 2 1 »f, 1818. 
lOth, Certificate of Mr, Joel Chatfield, — I do here- 
by certify that I have been one of the wardens of the 
Episcopal parish of Union Church, in Derby, for many 
years last past, and was one of the committee wJio em- 
ployed the Rev. Ammi Rogers to preach in said church, 
which he did a part o€ the time for about seven years ; 
that I have been personally and intimately acquainted 
with him for about 14 years last past ; that about seven 
years of that time he made my hovise his home, and 
boarded in my family, when he was in the parish, and 
has occasionally made my house his home ever since, 
anS that I have always found him a very able, faithful, 
pious and exemplary clergyman ; a man of truth, honor 
and strict integrity, and no ways justly liable to reproach 
for any immorality or impropriety of conduct ; that I 
have been a member and attended sevetal of the conven- 
tions of the Episcopal church, in the state in which the 
case of Mr. Rogers was attempted to be discussed, and 
from what I myself have seen and heard in said conven- 
tions, I am fully convinced, that the ecclesiastical pro- 
ceedings against him, have been hot only unconstitution- 
al and void, but unfair, oppressive and cruel in the high- 
est degree. Joel CHAfPiELD. 

In pretence of Lemon Chatfield, Stoddard Chatfieldy Sfc, 

11th Thomas Wetls^ of Hebron, in the county of 

Tolland j and state oif Connecticut, of lawful age, depo- 

seth and saith, that he is one of the wardens of St* Pe- 

. ier's Church, in said Hebron ; that he has been well ac- 



MEMOIB0. M 

quainted with the character of the Rev. Ammi Rogers 
for between 25 and 30 years last past ; that he had re- 
lations and friends who lived under the ministry of the 
said Rogers, in the state of New- York ; that he hinn- 
seif was there, and that he considers the character of 
the said Rogers to be and to have been good ; that the 
said Rogers has resided^ and preached in said Hebron a 
considerable part of the time for between five and six 
vears last past, and is now the settled minister of the 
Episcopal church in this place ; that the deponent has 
usually attended all the society and church meetings of 
said church ; that in those meetings he has never known 
or heard of a vote or voice against said Rogers, except 
one man, who has long since sold his property -and gone 
off. — The deponent further says that he has attended fhe 
convention of the Episcopal church in this state, and 
has made particular inquiry^ and also when he was a 
member of the legislature of this state last fall at New- 
Haven, he made inquiry, and is fully satisfied that noth- 
ing has appeared in any proper manner, to the disadvan- 
tage of the said Rogers ; and the deponent says, that 
he considers the character of the said Rogers, among 
his parishioners and most intimate acquaintance, to be, 
and to have been good, as a minister, and as a man, and 
equal to that of ministers of the Gospel in general : and 
further the deponent saith not. 

Pated at Hebron, the 26th day of April, 1819. 

Thomas Wells. 
Tolland CaurUy, bs. Hebron, April 26fA, 1819. 

Personally appeared Thomas Wells, signer of the 
ibrgoing deposition, and made solemn oath that the facts 
therein stated, were the truth, the whole truth, and noth- 
ing but the truth. 

Before me, Stewart Bbebe, Juatice of Peace. 
Opened in Court, F. CoiT, JuBlice of Peace. 

Hiram Haugkiony of Hebron, in the county of Tol- 
land and state of Connecticut, of lawful age, deposeth 
and saith, that he now is, and for many years last past 
has been one of the wardens of St. Peter's church in 
said Hebron ; that he has been well acquainted with the 
character of the Rev. Ammi Rogers ever since he has 



94 MBMOIRS. 

preached in aeiid Hc^roif, and that he considers it to be 
good. The deponent says' that the said Rogers has re- 
sided and preached a considerable part of the time, for 
between five and six years last past, and is now the set-- 
tied. minister of the Episcopal church in this town ; that 
ever since the said Rogers has preached in said Hebron, 
he has made his, the deponent's house, his home, and has 
boarded in bis family when he was in the parish ; and 
that he considers the conduct of the said Rogers, as a 
minister and as a man, publicly and privately, to be good. 
The deponent says, that he has generally attended all 
the society, and church meetings of said EpiscopiU 
church ; and that in these meetings he has never known 
nor heard of a hand or a voice against said Rogers, ex- 
cept one man, who has long since sold his property and 
gone off ; that he considers the conduct and character 
of the said Rogers, among his parishioners and acquain- 
tance, to be good, and equal to that of the ministers of 
the gospel in general : and further the deponent saith 
not. — ^Dated at Hebron^ the ^6th day of April, 1819. 

Hiram Haughton. 
Tolland Counhj, bb. Hebron^ April 26<A, 1819. 

Personally appeared Hiram Haughton, sjgner of the 
foregoing deposition, and made solemn oath that the facts 
therein stated, are the truth, the whole truth, and noth- 
ing but the truth, before me, 

Stewart Beebe, JuBiice of the Peace, 

Shipman Haughton^ of the town of Hebron, in the 
county of Tolland, and state of Connecticut, of lawful 
age, deposeth and saith, that he has been well acquaint- 
ed with the character of the Rev, Ammi Rogers for 
more than twenty years last past : that he had brothers 
and sisters, and relations, who lived under the ministry 
of the said Rogers, while he resided in the state of New- 
York ; that he himself was there, and from his own 
knowledge, and from the best infor^nation which he has 
been able to obtain, the character of the said Amrai Ro- 
gers is good as a minister, and as a man, and as a chris- 
tian, &c. (the same as that of Mr. Wells and Mr. Hi- 
ram Haughton, and swore before the '- same Justice of. 
the Peace^ at the same time. J 



meMoiBs. M 

The case was suhmitted to the justice without argu- 
ment ; and he, after some deliberation ordered me to be 
bound over in a bond of $750, with good and suflicienl 
aecuritj, for a trial on the said, complaint, before the 
then next Superior Court to be holden in Norwich, in 
September then following ; and I was allowed five dajs 
to go among my acquaintance and procure bail or aecu- 
ritj for ray appearance— I supptise in the hope that I 
would run away. Thus my destruction as a minister, 
which had been attempted for almost twenty years, wa« 
DOW likely to be effected. Bishop Hobart would be 
justified in his neglect of me and of my parishes^ Bish^ 
op Jarvis' firiends would exult in their success : my par- 
ishes were mortified and confounded,^ and I was in die* 
tress. I immediately resigned my pafishes and decliiw 
ed all ministerial duties, except on extraordinary occa- 
sions. I procured bail and prepared for trial. Let me 
Jwo«. 

O, Father of mercies and God of all comfort, my oft- 
ly help in time of need, look down from heaven I humb- 
ly beseech thee, behold, visit and relieve me ; look upon 
me with the eyes of thy mercy^ comfort me with a sense 
of thy goodness, preserve me from the temptations of 
the enemy, give me patience under my affliction. Thou 
O God, who knowest the hearts of all men, knowest 
that I am not guilty of the crimes charged upon me ; in 
thy goQ^ time deliver me in thy righteiDusness ; forgive 
the dreadful perjury and the* subornation of perjury 
committed against me : of thy great mercy forgive my. 
enemies, persecutors and slaadevers, and turn their 
hearts ; lift up the light . of thy countenance upon me^ 
and give me peace through Jesus Christ our Lord* 
Amen. 

Our Father who art in heaven, &c« 

" Falw wi tomm rhh fiirged^omphittH» 

AgftiMt onr initbaoaibinM ; 
And to my ctarfe such thiogi tliej Isi^ 

As Iha4 ne'er dMign*d» 



11i0food which I to them had iom, ' . 

With evil thegr repaid; f 

Aad did with malice WKleserved/' 

IfybamUes life iavade," Ibc, 

Wh Ptalm 2dfart m tk§ Pr^it Book- 



CHAPTER XI. 

PERSECUTION. 

To impeach a aoutt of Justice is not mj intention; 
where there is no abuse of power. To err is human, to 
retract known error is nobFe, is manly, is generous; but 
with the evidence laid before the court of inquiry, where 
is there any man of good sense and strict integrity, if he 
were unprejudiced^ would have bound a respectable 
clergyman to trial for crimes so enormous, and support- 
ed by testimony so doubtful? And where is there another 
staters attorney who would have gone eight miles been 
shut up alone with a young woman, m the situac'.en 
of Asenath, from one or two o*clocl( in the afternoon un 
i,ti' nine or ten o'clock at night, and there advised, per* 
'liuaded and urged her to bring forward charges of that 
nature, and expose herself to everlasting dishonor and 
contempt! — for if their sjory which she related Were true, 
and she had consented to what was alledged,i»where is 
the woman on earth that would have told it? If it were 
' not true, who would have told such a thing against her- 
self? The story in Itself, whether true or false, is dis- 
graceful, and any woman kind ^.ho would tell it, ought 
to be despised and not to be believed, one way or the 
ether; y«t Lanman could say to this unfortunate girl, 
that it would be the test and most honorable thing thcti she 
could do; that it never should hurt her, nor <?ost her any 
thing, that she should be protected, and that she need 
not, and should not be called upon to testify publickly in 
the case; she followed his advice and broke her peace 
of mind forever, and bYought everlasting disgrace and 
ruin upon herself and others, and what good, what profit, 
what advantage haa sbe^ or the public derived from it! 



MEMOIRS. 9r 

Let others lake warning from this example, never to say 
or do that at one tiVne, of which they would have a just 
cause to be ashamed at another. 

Within a few days after I was bound over, 1 called on 
Farwell Coit, Esq. at his house in Norwich, and reques* 
ted him to return to me the foregoing papers, which I had 
delivered to him at (he binding over; at that moment Mr. 
Lanman came in ancTdirected him not to give them up,and 
insulted and abused me io that manner, of which any gen- 
tleman would be ashamed. Coit refused to give up the pa^ 
pers on tiie ground that it was his duty to keep them for 
the trial. Asenat|i was confined to the house of widow 
Lester, a strong presbyterian woman, of violent passions 
and prejudices in €rriswold, and Was guarded day and 
night, and forbidden to see me or any of my friends, or to 
speak, or to have any communication with us'. I sent 
counsel to converse with her, but he was refused a sight 
of her. — Maria was gone off to patts unknown to me. 
( received proposals which are said to have come from 
Col. Halsey, that if I would pay him 400 dollars, the 
matter should all be hushed up, and no more done about 
it. I wholly refused to pay one c^t, trusting that my 
righteousness would yet break forth as the noon-day. 
For about four months, Asenath was kept and guarded 
in this way, when she had an. opportunity of going pri- 
vately on a visit to Hampton^ about fourteen miles. — 
This wjp soon communicated to me; iTrnmediately went 
to see her. At first she was frightened and retired; with- 
in a few mohients she returned with tears of repentance , 
confessing* and lamenting that she had been over-per- 
suaded, and wickedly induced by threats and promises 
to lie and swear falsc^ly against me; that she had never 
enjoyed one moment's peace of mind since; but what to 
do she did not know; if she did not testify again at tfee 
trial as she had done, she would be' prosecuted for perju- 
ry apd suffer all its penalties; if shj? did, she should per- 
jure herself again; that she knew, that I knew, and God 
knew, that what she had t»'stiticd against me was false, 
and that she should be glad to retract, and make amends 
to the utmost of her power, 4f she could be protected. 

She then went before a justice, wrote with her own 
9 



m HfiMOlRS. 

hand, subscribed and made solemn 4>atb to the followinff 
DEPOSITION, directed to the Superior Court of Connecti« 
cut, to be holden in Norwich, Septen>ber, 1819, and im- 
nediately left the state. 

I, Asenath C. Smith, of the town of Griswold, in the 
'jounty of New-London, and state of Connecticut, of 
awful age, depose and say, that the information given, 
%nd the complaint made by James Banman, Esq. attor-^ 
ney for the state of Conneticut, to Farweli Coit, Esq. a 
justice of the peace, dated Norwich, April 12th, 1819, 
against the Rev. Ammi Rogers and his conduct towards 
rae, was then, and now is wholly, utterly, and absolutely 
false and unjust; and I depose and say, that the testimo- 
ny which I gave before the said Farvell Coit, Esq. on 
the 29th day of April, 1319, was procured and dictated, 
and I was induced by Col. Halsey, Dr. Downer and 
others, who over persuaded and induced me to say what 
I did, and for which I am now sincerly sorry, and now 
confess that my testimony on that subject was wholly oc- 
casioned by them, and that it was unjust and wron^. 

Asenath C. Smith; 

Windham county, ^. Windham, Sept. 2d, 1819. Per- 
sonally appeared the above named Asenath C. Smith, 
who subscribed and made solemn oath to the truth of the 
foregoing deposition in dud* form of law, before me. 

Abner Robinson, Justice of the Peace, 

Wihin 20 days after the foregoing deposition, Maria, 
of her own free will and accord — without my knowledge 
and when I was not within about^O miles of her, went 
before a Justice, and gave the fallowing deposition, viz.. 

To the Hon, Superior Courts &c. 
I, Maria A. Smith of Griswold, New-London county, and 
State of Connecticut, of lawful age, depose and on my 
oath say, that I very much regret that J, and my Sister, 
Asenath C. Smith, Wbre over-persuaded to testify to 
what we did before Esq. Coit, against Mr. Rogers, and 
I cannot conscientiously say it again, though I do not 
intend to implicate myself; I have no reason to believe 
that the charges against Mr. Rogers by my sister are 



HEMOIRS. ^ 99 

true, nor have I ahy personal knowledge of any improp* 
er conduct of Mr. Kogcrs; I never heard my sister 
mention these charges against Mr. Rogers until afler Col. 
Ilalscy and Dr. DcTwncr came to our house and stai 
all night. A few weeks afler my mother's dea 
which was in May last, my sister begged of me my 
vice as a friend, whether it would not be best to lo 
this place. As we were in bed together one night, 
introduced the subject in a very feeling manner, and 
pressed much sorrow for saying what she had. She 
that the complaint against Mr. Rogers respectinrr 
was hot true, and that she never should say it again, 
told me that she felt conscious that she had injured 
Rogers through the persuasion of Col. Halsey aijd 
Downer and others. I heard them urge and purs> 
her to testify against Mr. Rogers contrary to what n 
told them was her judgment aud inclination; I heard Co.* 
Halsey say to her, I pledge to you my life and honor, 
that it never shall hurt you, it will be more for your cred- 
it, shall cost you nothing, you will have more friends, 
you shall be protected, &c. I further depose and say, 
that on the- aforesaid night, my sister did acknowledge 
to me, that the letter received by Capt. Cook was her 
letter, and that she wrote it; that I have heard my sis» 
ter several times mention the subject of Mr. Rogers be- 
ing wongfully accused by, and concerning her, that she 
seemed very sorry, mortified, and ashamed for what she 
had said and done; and I depose and say, that I am ve- 
ry sorry that 1 was over-persuaded to say that which has 
caused me much inconvenience and trouble, though I 
do not intend to involve myself in any contradictions, or 
any more law business. And further the deponent saith 
not. 

Maria A. SjniTii. 

New-London County, ss. Griswold, Sept. 22d, 1819. 

Personally appeared thc'above named Maria A. Smif 
irho hath written and subscribed the foregoing depositio 



ICO MEMOIRS. 

and made Aolemn oath that the ^ same contains the truth, 
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. 

Before me, Dsnnison Palmer, JusHcetfthe Peace. 

SUPERIOR COURT, 

CoufUy of NtW'Lonton^ September ^ \Z\%. 
The case of Ammi Rogers was called. I was pres* 
ent with witnesses, and with the foregoing depositions of 
Asenath C. and Maria A. Smith; they had also each of 
them written to CaWin Goddard, Esq. who was counsel 
for me, and to Mr. Lanman also, and confessed to him 
in their hand-writing, and in the fullest terms mj inno- 
cence of the crimes and misconduct which they had been 
wickedly induced to charge falsely upon me. — ^I was pre- 
piired for trial. Mr. Lanman moved to have the case con- 
tinued. Mr. Goddardfor^reasone . unknown to me, did not 
ohjecty and the caee tpa$ continued; but no further bonds 
were required, and it was supposed that the case was 
dropped or dismissed. 

SUPERIOR COURT. 

^eW'London County ^ Norwich^ January y 1820. 

Present, the Hon. Jeremiah G. Brainard, Judge. 

Col. Halsey and Jirah Isham, Esq. counsel for the 
state, in the absence of Mr. Lanman. Calvin Goddard, 
Esq. and Jacob B. Gurley, Esq. counsel for me. The 
first day of February, 1820, was assigned for the trial. 

My witnesses were collected, my testimony laid be- 
fore the Justice at the binding over was in his posses- 
sion ; the deposition of Asenath C. Smith before Abner 
Robinson, Esq. and the deposition of Maria A. Smith 
before Denison Palmer, Esq. and their letteis to Mr. 
Goddard, were all ready. Col. JEIalsey had subpoenaed 
about forty witnesses on the part of fhe state, and they 
were pr^^^ient ; not one of them knew the truth of a sin- 

fle fact charged in the cbmplaint. The case was called ; 
answered, and put myself on my country for trial ; the 
Jury were impannelled, sworn and paid. The case was 
now in their hands, and they were under solemn oath to re- 
turn a verdict, according as the evidence should then be ' 
delivered in court ; and I was actually in jeopardy 



MEMOIRS. ^01 

Elisha Creer was the first witness who was called and 
testified : Mr. Gorley asked him if he knew that Any 
crime now charged upon me bcforo. the court was true :' 
be testified that he did not. Mr. Gurley then said, if; 
there be any witfiesd (>resent, who knows any one crime 
. charged in the information against my client to be true^' 
let him coche forward and testify. It is not yet proved 
that a crime has been committed by any one, and 1 may| 
now as well as any time make an objection. May it' 
please the court, I do now object to any testimony in* 
this case until the main facts charged be first proved. | 
I submit to the court, if it be not contrary to the estab* 
lished law of evidence, to admit colateral testimony un«' 
til the main facts charged be first proved. Mr. Isham 
replied, that the main witnesses to the crimes charged, 
were, by the accused, got out of the jurisdiction of the 
court, and their testimony could t^ot be had, that in such, 
a case, it was admissible to prove what they had testified 
at the binding over, and cited one or two authorities to 
prove it : and moved that testimony to that amount be 
then admitted. Mr. Gurley objected first, that the law 
had provided n^ans whereby witnesses might be put un- ^ 
der recognisance to remain in the state and testify their - 
knowledge in a case which was pending, and if the coun* 
sel had neglected that duty, the ma?fim in law would ap- 
ply, viz. that no man shall take advantage of his own « 
wrongs ; secondly, he said it was not yet proved that the * 
witnesses -were got out of the jurisdiction of the court - 
by his client, and that was an ofience which was not be- ' 
fore the court, and he objected to any testimony to prove '» 
it. The que$tion now before the court, and which I* 
wish to have decided is, shall colateral testiniony be ad- ^ - 
mitted until the main facts be first proved > The court 
replied, it is manifestly contrary to the taw of evidence to * 
admit testimony to prove the circumstances of a crime t»n« 
tU it be first provea that there has been a crime ; in this 
case theie is no evidence that a crime has been commit* 
ted by any one ; and until these facts be first proved i( 
18 inadmissible to prove any circumstances ; the testi- 
mony cannot be admitted. Mr. Ishman then moved to 
have the case continued. Mr. Gyrley objected, thalth« 

9* 



M MEMOIRS. 

case was now heCorc tho jury, and that they were sworn 
to givi) a verdi«'t : that the case had been continued on 
the part of the state once licAirc : that the constitution 
had provided that every person who was accused slioiild 
be Ciithled to a tpiedij trial ; and that no person shcruld 
be put in jeopardy tmce for the same oHcnce ; that if' 
.hey were not ready for trial, why did they open the 
case, and tliat it was wrong to keep any one under bonds 
from month to month, from term to term, and from year 
to year ; tha^ he did oliject to the continuance of the 
case, and if it were taken from the jury it was without 
his cofisent. The court observed thattlie admission of 
hearsay testimony in certain cases was notrel in this 
country, that he felt a dehcacy in deciding it without the 
opinion and advice of the other Jndgo^ ; he therefore 
should continue the case. 

My bail was bound with me, in a bond of $7a0, that 
I should a{)pear and answer to the charges against me, 
before the Superior Court in New-London County, in 
September, 1819. This I did. The case was then con- 
tinued, without my consent, to January, 18!20, but no 
further bail was required ; I, however, appeared, an- 
swered, put myself out of the hands of my bail and on 
ffuy country for trial, and had a tnal ; the case was ta- 
ken from the jury, and continued again without my con- 
sent, until the next September, but no further bail was 
required ; and for that reason, and for the objections 
made by Mr. Guerley, I did suppose the question to be 
tried wasinerely a question of law, and that T could not 
he ptU in jetipai'dy iioiceforthe iame offence; and espe- 
cially as it was well known that the witnesses, on whose 
testimony I was bound over, had retracted, and under 
. oath confessed my innocence, and exposed the circum* 
Stances which induced them to accuse me falsely. 



MEMOIRS. [108 

TliE TRIAL. ' 

State of Connecticut ^ 

vs. \ Sttperior Couriy A'ew-London 

Ammi Rogers. ) eouniy, October 5M, \B20. 

—PRESSNT-^ 

Hon. Asa Chapman, Judge^ (alone.) • 

James Lanman, Esq. County Attorney, i /, , - 

Jeremiah Halsey, Esq. . ^ i ^^ /^ 

Jirah Isham, Esq. S w Stale. 



Calvin Goddardy Esq. 
William P. Cleaveland, Esq. 
Jacob B. Gurle/y Esq. 
George Hill, Esq. 



Counsel for the accused 

the two first were activoi 

the last advisory. 



I, Ammi Rogers, was called, and answered to this case 
in September, 1819; then plead not guilty, either in 
whole or any part. The case was then ou motion of Mr. 
Lanman, continued to January term in 1820. I appear- 
ed and answered again, and plead not guilty as before; 
put myself on my country for trial; the jury wern cfrnpan- 
ncl led and sworn; about forty witnesses on the part of 
the state yecre sworn. Elisha Geer testified; i»nd it was 
enquired if any one present knew the truth of the facts 
charged upon me; they did not. Two important ques- 
tions were then decided by the coiirt; first, that it was 
contrary to the law of evidence to admit collateral testi 
monv until the main facts charged be first proved; se- 
comlly, that hearsay testimony could not be admitted in 
a criminal prosecution. The counael for the state again 
moved to have the case continued; my counsel objected; 
the court overruled, and the case was taken from the ju- 
ry without my consent; and they could not render that- 
verdict which they had just sworn in the presence of the 
evcrliving God, that they would do. 
I On the oth day of October, 18^, in New-Lpndon, in 
:ho County of New- London, the same case was agaia 

i This U tlie vttry mme iwdmiii win liaul suol me nirni timet (or Uie sunt 
prKflwIed trtapuM ami fur alnioit twenty jreun had been my ixirtjcttlar 



i#4 MEMOIRS. 

called, and I ao^aia appeared, and answered \ and th« 
fourth Uni«« plead not guilty either in whole or in any part^ 
riz. before the Justice at the. binding over, before the 
Superior Court in Norwich, September, IB 19, before 
the same Court in January, 1820, and now again in 
New- London, October, 1820. The following Jury were 
empannelled and sworn, viz. John P. Trott, Charles But 
for, Charles W. Wait, Eli Beardslce, George Raymoi 
Comstock Dart, James Mitchell, David Patten, Thorn 
as Palmer, Simeon Chosebrough, Grisweld 4.very, Ji 
Caleb Lyon. 

The clerk then read the following information. — 
To the Hon, Superior Cotirty Sfc, in Jiew-I^ondon County y 

Sfc, the same as before the Justice^ Page 86. 
The witnesses on the part of the' state were called and sworn 

Tt was expected that Mr. Goddard would have mad^ a 
challenge, that if there were any witnesses present who 
knew and would testify, that I ever had committed thes< 
cr any other crimes, with Asenath Caroline Smith, the} 
wouH then come forward and testify, and that he woiila 
object to any testimony in the case until that was dohe- 
Would not any lawyer who was true to his client anu 
sincerely intended to defend him, have done this? I ap- 
peal to every gentleman of the Bar; would not you hav«> 
done it? In this case, Asenath,. who was then in town, 
must have been brought forward and she. would have ex* 
posed the whole plot, or I must have been .acquitted 
with honor. But my counsel, in whose hands I had pla- 
ced myself, my cause, my character, my profession, my 
liberty, my all^ foi reasons unknown and unexpected to 
mo, did not take that stand; in fact I was deceived and 
bctraved by my own counsel. 

Elisha Geer was the first witness. Mr. Goddard in* 
formed the court that this case had been once committed, 
to a jury, witnesses were sworn and examined, and was 
opened on the part of the state, and the accused was ac* 
tually in jeopardy, that the case was taken from the jury, 
without consent; and by the constitution of the linked 
States no person could be put in jeopardy twice for the 
ttame thing or on the 9ame charge. The court decided 
that no one could be considered aa^having beea in jeop- 



MIiUtf(»It3. 105 

ard/ until a verdict had been rendered. The counsel 
did not object to the trial, an the 8tatu$ cf limitation of 
which I was at that time ignorant; the crimes alleged 
were outlawed by the state law of Connecticut. Mr.. 
Gear testified the same as in page 83. 

Question by Mr, Lauman. Da you not know that the' 
pri-»oner was courting jour grand-daughter? Mr. Ood- 
dard objected to the question as altogether irrevaleht: 
it has nothing to do with the case on trial; we presumia 
that it. is no part of my client's offence that he was court- 
ing thisgirly if it was true; courting is not an indictable 
crime, it constitutes no part of the offence charged in the 
information. Mr. Lai\.man replied, it certainly is admis- 
sible, to shew the nature of the intimacy which subsisted 
between the prisoner and this young woman; it shews 
the power and opportunity he had to commit the crimes' 
alleged against him, and the inducement he had to act; 
it is furnishing some presumption that he did commit the 
crimes charged. Mr. Goddard replied that there was 
no evidence be&re the court that any crime ever was 
committed by any person with this young woman, or with 
any body else; and I do object to any testimony to prove 
the circumstances of a crime, or the inducements to com- 
mit a crime, until it be first proved that there has been a 
crime. The court overruled and directed the witness 
to proceed : directly contrary to the decision of Judge 
Brainard in this very case only the term btfore, Mr. God- 
dard then informed Mr. Lanman and the court, that Ase- 
nath C. Smith, was then in town; and it remained with 
her to say whether the charges wq|^ true or not. The 
court directed the witness to proceed. Mr. Goddard 
objected — ^tjio court told him to go on. Mr. Geer then 
said, I had no doubt that the prisoner was courting my 
grand-daughter; they appeared like it and were very 
fond of each other, and I verily believed that he intended 
to make her his wife. This witness did not pretend to 
have any knowledge that any cnuie charged in the infor- 
mation was true, and his testimony was directly contra 
rj to what he »nd all the family had assured Mr. Rose 
and others. (See pages 89 and dOA 



IM MEMOIBS. 

Hr. E, B, Downing was the seeond witness; fae testi* 
fied the sarae as in page 87.* 

Maria A. Smith was the next witness; sh.e was the 
mipposed sister of the said Asenath^ then about twenty- 
one years of age, and. between two and three years 
younger than the said Asenath; she- was tail and a good 
figure, very handsome, had a better education as to lear- 
ning than common; she dressed well and appeared well, 
and was very fluent and impressive in speech, Iwi was a 
mosi notorious itar, and said to be unchaste. She began 
by saying, I have told so many different stories and contra^ 
dieted myse^ so often on the subject now before the courty 
that I did not think my testimony wotUd be received. Who 
then ought to receive it ! ! She made solemn oath that 
she did not think her testimony would be received. But 
the court directed her to proceed. She then testified 
that she first became acquainted with me in August, 
1815, and told a story about my courting her sister, that 
she had been to Massachusetts, that between Mr. Mer- 
cer's, and Mrs. Eaton's, I took her into a most dismal 
swamp, in a dark night, and there extorted from her a 
promise to give. a deposition in my favor— (human Ian-' 
guage never uttered greater falsehoods!) yet the court 
would and did receive it, and on it I was condemned t 
shame !^-sbame on the court, and shame ,on all who will 
uphold such conduct! The excitement of Anti-Masonry 
against Masons is not to be compared with it I Who may 
not be ruined in this. way. 

She testified that I had kept private company with 
her sister, from aboig^ Christmas, 1815, to October, 1817; 
that she had seen ui m bed together ; that in October, 
1817, £ came to their house one Tuesday evening, and 
remained shut up in a chamber alone with her sister day 
and night, until Saturday morning ; that the door was 
* kept fastened, and none of the family were admitted ; 
that on TJiursday evening she and her mother heard a 

*rbe wife ol Wilcome A. Browning, a very res^jectable woman, testified 
^at she lived \vitbin abcHit 40 rods of /lUienath, that she whs there when Doct. 
Downing came, and staid there until 10 or 11 o'clock at night, that slie bad 
no reason to believe that his testimony was true, that she was there and had 
the means of knowing, and she never had suspected or heard of such a thiii|p 
until about two years afterwards. 



UElfOIRS. lot 

roost dismal screech, and ran up stairs to know what was 
the matter ; that the door was fastened and thej deman- 
ded admittance, and ailer some delay they were admit* 
ted, when they found Asenath lying on the bed, and me 
standing by her holding a sheet over her head, and said 
she had got hysterics, and 1 would take care of her, and 
they went down and left us. [Nothing could be more 
false, and it is fully corUradicted by Perry Clarkj Sophia 
Clarky and Lester Clarky wider oaihj btd their tesUtnomu 
could not be had on tnaL] — That on Saturday morning I 
went from there, and the next week Doct. Downing 
came there and she was delivered of a dead child,[<$ee her 
deposition before Denison Palmer Esq, page 98] that on 
the Saturday night before the lirsk Monday in May, 1818, 
I came to their house about 12 o'clock at night, when 
they were in bed, that I staid about three hours, and ad** 
vised Asenath to go away — (this is fully contradicted by 
Esq. Cook and his wife,) and the next day Andrew Clark 
conveyed her to Hampton. 

At this time Mr. John . Baker, who was one of 
their witnesses, came and informed me privately, that 
Mr. Lester Clark had returned to Griswold, and desired 
him to inform me, that he knew that which would whol- 
ly destroy the testimony of Maria A. Smith, and that if 
he was sent for he would come and testify. I then said 
to the judge, there is now a witness, within a few miles 
of this^ place, and within the jurisdiction of this court, 
whose testimony is necessary in my defence ; I am now 
at the bar on trial, and have it not in my power to send 
lor him, I therefore pray the court to send for him. Mr. 
Lanman^ objected. I replied that 1 was then on trial and 
had it not in my power to send. 4^d on that ground I 
pray the court to send. The court wholly declined^ and 
directed them to proceed without him. Was there ever 
.such a thing before ? 

Andrew Clark was the next witness. The third of 
May, 1818, I think Asenath asked me to carry her to 
her uncle's in Windham. I carried her there, and she 
paid me out of a two dollar bill. By Mr. Lanman. — Have 
you any knowledge that Rogers came to your house to 
court Asenath ? Ans. I do not know ; he was there 



ttt MEMOIRS. 

frequently, and they appeared fond of each other. By 
Mr. Croddard. — Is AscVnath subject to fits ? Ahs. She is. 
By the same. — Had she any fits a short time before the 
noise was said to be heard in her chamber ? — ^Ans. I 
think she had, not a great while before that time. By the 
same. — Do you think within six months ? Ans. I sliould 
think she had within that time. [Perry Clark, Sophia 
Clark, and Lester Clark, have testified since the trial, 
that they never knew me to be shut up with Asenath a 
day or night in the world ; that they never knew or heard 
of such a noise at their house as Maria described, until 
about two years afterwards ; that at the time the noise 
was said to be heard, they well remembered that Ase- 
nath was sick, and had fits, and fell from her bed on the 
floor, and Lester then offered togo after a docter for 
her, and her mother objerted. They ail swear that in 
the summer and fall of 1817, Asenath was very sickly. 
. weakly and unwell, and had fits : and both before and 
'since the. trial she has testified that by these means, she 
supposed, she lost her child, if she ever was like to 
have one, (for she never saw it and never knew any 
thing of it only by hearsay,) she was lii toSvn ready to 
testily the same on trial.] 

r J)r. Im Daniels was the next witness : He had been 
a baptist by profession, but had left their communion, 
and had espoused the c<ius*e of Socinianism or deism.. 
He had brought Maria to court, was niuch in her private 
eompantfy but knew nothing of tlio truth of the crimes 
charged upon me ; had never iieard of them until iio- 
tween two and three years after they were said to liayc 
been committed, but manifested great zeal in supporting 
the testimony of^ Marit, and in favour of l^annian from 
whom he expected great rewards. 

Samuel Ivheelcry llie negro, was the next witness, and 
testified as in page tt7. - - 

Welcome A. Bratening was the next. He testified 
that he lived within about forty rods of Mr Geer ; tha^ 
he never saw me there but once ; that he had frequently 
seen me going to, and~coming from the house, and at 
the door ; but knew nothing of the crimes charged upon 



MEMOIRS. 109 

mey and had never heard of them until two years after- 
wards. 

William Foster, Ralph Webb, Eunice Howard, John 
Geer, 'Eunice Willoujrhby, Warren Williams, Lydia 
Williams,. Ephraim INI. Williams, were sworn and care- 
fully examined, but they knew notiiing of the truth of 
the chari^es against me and had never heard of them 
until about two years after they were said to have been 
committed. 

Here the evidence on the part of the state was closed 
for the present, ami no one crime charged in the infomia^ 
fton was proved or even attempted to be proved by any ont 
iintnesB. Even the presumptive proof was founded prin- 
cipally on the testimony of Maria A. Smith, who began 
her testimony by swearing that she had told so many dUl 
ferent stories and had contrculicted herself so often on th^ 
subject J that she herself did not think her iestmony 'trould 
be received; and Sam Wheeler, the negro, whose maste% 
declared that he could not believe him when he was sent 
on a common errand ; poor evidence to destroy a ree- 
pectable clergyman, who had ^000 soulis under his care , 
and against whom the wardens of the church in Hebron 
made solemn oath, that for six years last past they had 
not known, or so much as heaid of a voice or a vole 
against him, exce|)t one. Icy* If I had been a prcsby- 
terian minister, should I have been condemned in this 
way on such a testimony f! 

TJie court directed my counsel to bring forward their wit- 

» tu'sses. 

[And here I am astoiushcd that my counsel did not 
8u4)mit the case without a witness on my part, for there 
was tu^ evidence of any crime as charged u|)on me I J 

James Coitk^ Enq. was the first witness. He testified 
the same as in pagt* 8B. 

Here I arose and said — J^ay it please the Court y 1 
stnn<l UvTii accused of crii^ies which never came into my 
mind, mui <»f which I have no uloa that my accusers ev- 
er thought was guilty — ihcrr \vi*r<^ important papers and 
clucuiiicnts delivered to tlio .fu<tice, at the binding ov<»r, 
as evidence in cit^e and admitted* by CGtibcut of counsel^ 



ttO MEMOIftS. 

among those papers are the depositions of Asenath C 
Smith in which she has solemnly sworn that same suppo» 
Bed child, u/nm another moit, which she has since been 
wickedly suhortied to swear falsely upon me, [pagc-^K] 
^ Also the certificate signed by her and all the family, 
[page 89] also the deposition of Maria A. Smith, [page 
' §8] to prove the falsity of what she has now testified. 
AIho the deposition of Curtis Hickok, Esq. and others, 
[/lage SP to prove that I was not within lOO miles of the 
place, when and where the crimes were committed, — and 
many other papers absolutely necessary in my defence 
[see page 91] and turning to Esq. Coit, said, I wish you 
now to return them to me. Ans. I shall not give them 
up without the order of the court. I said — will the 
Court please to order them eiven up, for vnihotU them I 
cannot have a fair trial. The Judge replied, I do not 
know that. I have power to order, but I advise you to re- 
ctum them. He answered, / have not ^ot them ; then 
turning to Lanman said, have you not got them ? J^an- 
man, looking over a bundle of papers, said, I did noi 
take them. The Judge said, well, proceed in the trial ; 
bring on your next witness. [James Cook, Esq. Capt. 
John Townsend, Messrs. Peleg Rose and Enoch Bake' 
have, since the trial, made solemn oath that they saw ' 
me deliver to the court of Inquiry the papers referred to 
in page 91 — ^thatthey were present at the trial and heard 
me call for the aforesaid papers and documents — that 
they were withheld, and the court proceeded toithouf 
them,] 

Mr, Enoch Baker was the next witness ; he testified 
as in page 90 ; and that they all cleared Mr. Rogers of 
every thing improper there, and said he had never cour- 
ted Asenath nor kept her company ; that she never had 
been like to have a child by him and lost it, and that tho 
whole story was a lie, and that the certificate which they 
had signed and givch, clearing him of ail improper con* 
duct, was true, 

Mr, Peleg Fry testified that Mr. Baker and he went 
to Mr. Goer's and Mr. Browning's to enquh*o, [See 
page 90.] ^ 

Samuel Johnson, Esq. was called, but it being late at 



9|£]»OIIi%. Ill 

h^tit, ho did. not testify ; and the court adjourned. Mr. 
Johnson had come from Massachusetts in expectation 
that no cotlaieral testimony would be admittedy until the 
main facta charged wet e first proved ; but the court over- 
ruled, Asenath was not called upon to testify, and his 
testimony was not necessary. 

Friday, Oct 6«A, 1826. 

Capt. John Townsend testified, that Maria A. Smith 
came to his house last February, and called her name 
Betsey Payne ; she said she wanted to stay there a few 
days till she could get an opportunity of going to Hart- 
ford ; but he soon found her real name was Maria A, 
Smith ; that she told him what she had testified before" 
Esq. Coit against Mr. Rogers was, not true ; that she 
could not in conscience say it again, for she had never 
seen or known any improper conduct of Mr. Rogers, 
and had no reason to think that the chargos against him 
were truc^ that if she did not testify as she did before she 
should be prosecuted for perjurv; if she did, she should per- 
jure herself again and condemn the innocent, and for that 
reason she wanted to get out of the state ; that she was 
very sorry for what she had done and wanted. to gel away; 
that she was very fearful all the time she was at his house 
that some one would be afler her from Norwich. Mf. 
Willoughby and his wife brought her there ; she staid 
about eight or ten days ; her conversation and behavior 
were so lacivious with his young man and before his chil- 
dren, that he would not have her in his house. "By the 
court. — Did you inform Mr. Rogers what Maria said .^ 
Ans. I did. l&y the same. — Was he at your house while 
she was there ? Ans. He was not, to my knowledge; 
and I have no knowledge or belief that he knew she was 
coming there, or had been there, until afler she was 
gone. 

Joseph JR. Willoughby was sworn. He kept a tavern 
in Norwich, where the Court of Inquiry was held, and 
was employed by me to go and summon Maria A. Smith 
as a witness. He testified that he found her at William^' 
in Groton, and summoned her and paid her a silver doN 
lar ; that she appeared very reluctant and unwilling to 
go^ and wished to speak with him alone ; and then iik 



lia MEMOIRS. 

formed hinj that what she had tcstifio*' before Esq. Coft, 
at his house, against Mr. Rogers, was not true ; and 
that she could not in conscience say it again, for she had 
''.ever seen any thing amiss in him, and had no reason 
> think thai the charges against him were true ; that if she 
-vejit to the court and did not testify as she did before, 
she should be prosecuted and punished for perjury ; if 
she didj she should perjure herself again: and what to 
do she did not know: and seemed to be very much* affec- 
ted. He testified that he felt sorry for her, ^nd advised 
her to go home with- him, and to put to paper what 
. she could in conscience swear to, and he would car- 
ry it privately to Messrs. Goddard and Gurley, and 
Jet her know what they said, and that it need not be 
known that she was there. To this she agreed and 
came home •''*h him, and soon afler wrote to Messrs. 
Goddard ar<a liurley, and he carried it ; that they said 
it was so contrary to what she had testified before, that 
she certainly would be liable to prosecution ; and this 
he communicated, to Maria, who from that time appeared 
determined not to appear at Court, but to go away. He 
advised her to stay until Mr. Rogers should return, who 
all this time had been, gone' a journey. [Here Mr. Gur- 
ley read the letter which Maria had written and offered 
to. swear to before the superior court, the same as the 
deposition page 98. The witness testified that Marite 
appeared to be very fearful of having it known that she 
was there, and kept herself mostly confined to her cham« 
bcr, though she cat at the table with the family ; that 
Mr. Spencer was at hi? house while Maria was there, 
and he understood that he had a capias for her ; that 
ake lefl his house in the nighty and the next he heard of 
her she was in Lebanon. 

Miss Mary ^n fVilloughby-WEiS sworn; she was the 
daughter of Mr. J. R. Willoughby, a sensible, well edu- 
cated, respectable and worthy young woman, about tweni- 
ty years of age; she testified that she first saw Maria 
A. Smith at the binding over in this case; that she afler- 
wards became acquainted with her when she came to her 
father's house with him m January, 1820; that she then ' 
had considera1>le conversation with her, and at different 



HEM0KR3. 418 

times on the case of Mr. Rogers ; that sKe infomed her 
that she had never seen or knowii any thing amiss orim^ 
proper in the conduct of Mr. Rogers ; that she had no 
reason to think that the charges against him were true , 
and that she thought he was a very clever man. The wit- 
ness asked her^ if that were the case, how she came to 
testify as* she did at the binding over? that she then said 
that, at that time she took a false oath against him befoi^ 
Esq. Coit, and that old Halsey, Dr. Downer and Jim Lan- 
man, as she called them, had overpersuaded and hired her 
to do it; and that she was determined not in do it again, 
and was very anxious that it should not be known that she 
was there. By Mr. Goddard. Was this conversation vol- 
untary on the part of Maria? Ans. Yes sir, e^Uirely sOy 
and she often repeated ii; and she recollected that Mar^a 
wrote to Mr. Goddard on the subject : that her father 
furnished pen, ink and paper ; that this was in the al^«* 
sence of Mr. Hogers ; and after that, she was anxiou^ 
to get away, and was very fearful of being found by M%, 
Spencer, jfor she said he was a cunning devil. By Mi|. 
Lanman. — Did Rogers put up at your house at this time? 
Ans. He did: but was absent on a journey and. did nq^ 
return until, I think, the day she went away. By ihf 
eame.r^Dd you know when she went away from yoij^* 
house? Ans. I do not, but it was in the night, and | 
believe alone. ^ 

Mr, Shipman Haughton testified, that Maria A. Smith 
came to his house sometime last February ; that he had 
considerable conversation with her about Mr. Rogers and 
it^k^^d her (^when they were alone) to tell him as a friend 
and in con^dence.y Did Mr. Rogers court or keep private 
company with your sister ? that she replied,, he never did. 
—Did you ever see (hem in bed together and "have yoi| 
any reason to think that the child your sister was like to 
have was by him? that she answered, 1 have once sai^ 
it, but I never shall say it again.* He then asked her t9 
tell him candidly if it wa^ true ? that she then declared i\ 
was not true \ that she had never 'seen Mr. Rogers in 
bed with her sister, and that she had no reason to think 
that the child was his \ that she had often seen George 



ff4 ^ MEMOl 

««• 

Downer in bed with her, and she had every reason to be- 
lieve that the child was his ; and that it w«8 nothing but 
a plan and a plot of old Halsey, Dr. Downer, and James 
Lanman, to charge it falsely upon Mr. Rogers, to ruin 
and drive him off, and to clear Ueorge. They have once 
overpersuaded and hired nae, said she, to take a false 
oath against hiro, and I never should have done it had . 
it not been for them, but I shall never say it again; 
and for that reason she appeared very anxious to get 
out of the state, and that it should not be known where 
she was. By Mr. Goddard. — Have you seen Maria 
since you came to town? Ans. Last evening, Esq. Col^ 
lins and I went to Frink's Tavern, where she stays to 
. see her, and to hear what she would say ; it was dark 
when we went in, and Maria was talking with Col. Hal- 
sey, and appeared to be very angry, and reproached him 
for having led her into that scrape, and' said she should 
never have said and done what she did, if it had not been 
{or him ; at this time some one came in and brought a 
light, which interrupted the conversation. 

Seih ColUnSy Esq. sworn. He testified that he went 
with Mr. Haughton the last evening and heard and knew 
that to be true which' he had testified, respecting what 
Maria said to Col. Halsey ; that he heard her tell Col. 
Halsey only last evening, if it had not been for the coax- 
ing and flattering of him and Dr. Downer, she never 
i^ould have been in that unhappy scrape, and blamed 
them very much for their conduct. 

W%tn€3S€$ on ike part rfihe StaU caUed again, 

Maria A. Smith, testified that it was true that she said 
to Col. Halsey last night what Esq. Collins and Mr. 
Haughton had testified ; that the testimony of Mary 
Ann Willoughby and her father, of Capt. Townsend^Mr 
Haughton, Esq. Cook, and all my witnesses was true, 
but evaded the force of it by some apology of which she 
and every body else ought to be ashamed ! . 

Eliaa Brewster testified that he lived in the neighbor- 
liood of Sam and Maria ; that he did not consider him 
entitled to the first credit ; he did not know but he might 



MEMOIRS. 115 

be entitled to as much credit as such black boys in gen- 
eral ; that he did not piTsonally know any thing against 
the character of Maria and did not know but it was as 
good as people's ip general as to truth.. From her own 
testimony before the court, viz. thai she had told 90 many 
difftrent itoricBy and had coniradicted her at If so often on 
the subject^ that she herself, did not think her testimony 
would be received— one would think that any further tes- 
timony to prove her want of truth would be unnecessary. 

John C, Baker testified, that I boarded at his father's 
in 1819 ; that I discovered an anxiety to see Asenath, 
and said if 1 could see her, I did not doubt but she would 
tell the truth and expose the plot which had been formed 
against me. 

Mr. Lanman said, may it please the court — I deem it 
tny duty to call on Col. Halsey, who is associated with 
me in this case, as a witness. 

The court directed him to be sworn. 

JeremicJi Halseyj Esq, testified, that on the 1 1th day 
of October, 1818, he went to Elisha Geer's and I came 
there. [This is falseythe lUh day rf October ^ 1818, 
Vfas Sunday y and I preached in Hebron^ and had not been 
in Griswold for more than a week; The 11th day of 
October, 1817, was Saturday, and I was in Hebron, and 
on that day agreed with Mr. Bial Bliss to keep my horse, 
the next day wi^ Sunday, and I preached in Hebron, 
and had not been in Griswold for more than a week.] 
He testified that then and there I denied that I had ever 
courted Asenath C. Smith ; that he ever influenced Ma- 
ria TT her sister in any part of this case, any further 
than to promote public justice. [He had offered to s««t- 
tle it privately if I would give him $400, hut it must not 
be known.] He testified that Maria had always told 
the same story, that she had then sworn to ; some one 
motioned to him to sit down, for the court and almost all 
present had heard her confqss how many different sto- 
ries she had told, and how she had contradicted herself 
on the subject. 

JIfr. Lanman then moved to prove what Asenath had 
0worn at the binding over, on the ground that it went to 
^corroborate the testimony of Maria. To this Mr God* 



tl6 UEMOncb. 

dard objected, and informed the court that Asenath wa« 
then in town, and could testify for herself. The court 
decided that it was not admissible to prove wbat she had 
Baid wben she was there, and could speak for herself. 

JJr, DoiDning was called a^ain, and testified- that from 
the putrified state of the fccftus he could give no paitic- 
uFar description of it. 

Dr. Mercer^ sworn. [Mr.. Lanman had given to Ma- 
ria a paper folded up with something in it ; and he beck- 
oned her to give it to him before the court and jury with- 
out saying a word ; and he opened and gave it to the 
Doctor, saying, Do you believe that to be , ergot ? ThU 
certainly lias one of the greatest acts of injustice and 
abuse that ever was practiced upon any man^ in any coun" 
try ; there was no pretence of evidence, and it was 
not true that I ever saw that stuff before, or that 1 ever 
had it in my possession: or that I, ever saw, or had in my 
possession any thin;; like it ; iiiight he not as well (to 
prejudice the jury) have brought into court a case of 
surgical instruments, or an apothecary's shap^ and had 
them examined ? I do complain of abuse and injustice^ 
and I appeal to the whole world, if I have not reason to 
complain ? Where is- there a man or woman on earth 
who would not complain of abuse and injustice, if they 
were treated in this manner ?] and how unjust it was for 
the court to permit it ! The Doctor testified that he 
thought the paper contained a mixture of ergot and can 
tharides. By Lanman. — rif violence ^s used to produce 
an abortibn, how long would it be before it took place ? 
Ans. Sometimes immediately, or withi|i a few houis, sel- 
dom longer than forty-eight hoars. 

Dr, S. Perkins J sworn ; he testified that the paper 
contained ergot and cantharides, and agreed with Dr. 
Mercer. Lanman had artfully got tbjs, to palm a trick 
upon the jury, gave it to Maria, requested her to give it 
to him befhre the jury, had it exanii^ed before them and 
sworn to, in order to give them a false impression that it 
had been in my possession — any man who would do 
such a thing, or any judge who wppld permit it,^ ought to 
be made a public example of ra^qality 4nd contempt ! 
And then the testimony on both si^es was closed ; and 



MEMC»BS. 217 

I have represented it not fully bat fatrly against mey and 
ibr me, as it related to this case, and as it was then de- 
livered in court, on trial, (if it can be called a trial) on 
the information, according to my best recollection, iand 
according to my journal written at that time. No one 
crime charged in the information was true,' nor proved^ 
nor even attempted to be proved by any witness ' iohatever. 
I appeal to every juryman, I appeal to every person in 
the world to say, if from the evidence then delivered in 
court, any one crime charged in the information against 
me, was proved by any witness whatever ; turn to the 
information, and then examine the testimony ; who tes* 
tified there in the trial before the court, to the truth of 
any crime cfaaiged upon nie? 

eOUNSEL. 

Col. Halsey^ in a very awkward, clumsy manner, go^. 
up and opened the argument, by endeavouring to apolo- 
gize for Maria and the negro, and to make it appear 
that they ought to be believed ; and although it did not 
prove the facts charged in the information ; yet it proved 
something ; and then taking it for granted that the char« 
ges were true, he. undertook without logick, rhetorici 
or elegance, to describe the enormity of the crime charg 
ed ; when he himself had been accused of more adulte 
TYy of more seduction, and of more fornication and de- 
bauchery th^in imy man who ever hved in Preston ; and 
I appeal to every person, man or woman in that town, 
for the truth of what I say. 

Mr. Cltavland then arose, and in a smooth, easy ad« 
dress, attempted to shew that no crime charged in the 
information had been proved by any witness then ad- 
duced in court, and recapitulated the testimony, and 
said that there was no evidence before the court that I 
ever had been informed, or did know that the said Ase- 
nath was, or had been like to have a <^hild by any per- 
son, until long afler the supposed child was born: That 
the Doctor himself, who delivered her, who seemed in 
favor of the prosecution, had testified, and it was in evi- 
dence before the court, that he saw no marks of violence 
' upon the child, (if it was one,) or upon the mother, and 
that it might have been produced by sickness, by acci- 



lit lOBMOJES. 

dent or by infirmity ; and he took it upon hinw^lf to say; 
that there was no evidence before the court that it was 
not produced in that way. He then showed the improb- 
abiliiy of the truth of Maria's testimony. Would any 
mother, would any decent family, would Mr. Perry 
Olarji and his family, have suffered any man to be shut 
up alone, night and day in a chamber, with fastened 
doors, and none of the family admitted into the room 
with this young woman, from Tuesday till Saturday, and 
no one say a word against it ? Would a mother have _ 
heard the dreadful shriek which Maria had described, 
gone to the chamber, found it fastened, obtained ad- 
mittance, seeing her daughter lying on a bed, and Mr. 
Rogers standing and holding a sheet over her face, say- 
ing she had got the hysterics, and he would take care of 
her, then go down and leave them, all that night, all tb** 
next day, and all the next night ? the story is a lie in h 
self! no mother on earth would suffer such a things no 
family would permit it ; and after all, the mother and 
Maria herself, and all the family did, to Mr. Baker and 
Mr. Fry, in one instance, and to Esq. Cook and Mr. 
Rose, in another instance, solemnly declare that they 
knew no impropriety of conduct in Mr. Rogers ; that 
he had never been there courting, but only as a clergy- 
man and a friend ; that they never had any expectation 
that he would marry thq young woman ; and after all, 
Maria has volunteeTefld her service, and come from Mas- 
sachusetts, for she was not obliged to come, to testify 
. these disgraceful things against her sister, and in the 
very act of doing it, has sworn that she herself has told 
so many different stories, and has contradicted herself 
so often on the subject, that she herself did not think 
her testimony would b^ received: astonishing impu- 
dence ! unspeakable depravity ! and are our courts of 
faw to be insulted in this way ? will the jury place any, 
confidence in a witness of this cast ? [O Diiimmortales / 
ubihctm gentium summ ! quam RempubHcan habemmf] L 
e. O, Immortal Gods ! what nation are we ? what repub- 
lic have we ? No man aught to be condemned or acquit- 
ted on the testimony of such a witness : and take away 
her testimony^ what is there against my client ? Tho 



3 



tc»timony of Sam the ne^rb, if true, proves improper 
conduct, but does not prove the charges in the informa* 
tion. But the question is, whether it is to be believed ; 
Esq. Cook testifies that his master said he was a poor, 
lying, good-for-nothing fellow, and that he could not 
believe him when he was sent on a common eirand — a 
fine ivitness to.be brought before the Superior Court to rfc- 
itroy a respectable clergyman} Mr. Brewster, who ia 
brought here on purpose to support his character, swears 
he does not consider him entitled to the first credit ; and 
is it probable that a clergyman would be seen lying in 
bed with an unmarried woman in open day light, at sun 
half an hour high, with the door open — I ask you, gen- 
tlemen of the jury, is* this probable f Is it true } Well, 
take away the testimony of Maria and the nf gro, (which 
if admitted does not prove any one charge contained in 
the information) and what is there, I beseech you, against 
my client ? The testimony on the part of the prisoner 
is conclusive. The young woman herself, her mother, 
and Maria herself, her grand-father, and uncle Clark, 
and all the family have, in words and in writing, at differ- 
ent titne.4, and on different occasions, and to different 
persons and committees, fully cleared him of these crimes 
now charged upon him, and of every other impropriety 
of conduct ; and never did accuse him until 1819, two 
years afterwards ; this, gentlemen, is in proof before 
you by the most indubitable testimony, by James Cook, 
Esq. by Mr. Baker and Mr. Fry. If on the whole, you, 
gentlemen of the Jury, from the evidence now before 
you, think that th« prisoner at the bar is guilty of the 
crimes charged upon him, in the manner and form of 
the information, you will say so on your oath, and ho 
must suffer the consequence : but if you think that the 
evidence now delivered in court does not prove that he 
committed the crimes now charged upon him, and in the 
manner and form stated in the iliformation, you will say 
on your oath that he is not guilty, and he will be ac- 
quitted with honor. The foregoing are not the words of 
Mr. Cleavelard, but the substance of what he did say, 
and of what i think he should have said, if he intended 
to defend his client. 



l» MEAfOmS. 

«!tfr. Goddardihen arose, and addressed the court in 
a sensible, elegant and well arranged argument, recapi- 
tulatin^or the testimony, and showing the insufHciency of 
the evidence to prove any one crime in the information, 
and the sufficiency of the evidence to evince my inno« 
cence, drawn from th% repeated confessions of Asenath 
herself, und of the whole family, and the long tkne be- 
fore the charges were brought. He insisted ou the in- 
justice of admitting the testimony of Maria afler the 
confessions which she had made in court ; and afler her 
letter in her own hand writmg, which was proved by Mr. 
• Wiiloughby and his daughter, to have been written in 
my absence was read ; in this she confessed that what 
she had testified in this case before Esq. C<'it, she could 
not in conscience say again, that she had no reason to 
think the charges were true, &c. [why my counsel did 
md bring forward her depositions I have never been able 
to leam,'\ Mr. Goddard insisted on it, that there was 
no evidence that any crime, as charged in the informa- 
tion, had been committed by any one ; and until that was 
first proved, all otiier testimony was irrelevant. That 
the testimony of Maria ought not to be admitted in any 
case, and that thejuiy ought not to place any confidence 
in it ; he said expressly that no man ou/jht to be con- 
demned on such testimony, and the negro story carried 
its owu refutation in itself, for that no man in his senses 
would be in that situation ; his argument was cool, co!* 
Iccted, fair, and dispassionate, and he submitted it to tua 
consciences of the jury to say, if from the evidence then 
delivered in court, it was proved that any crime, as 
charged in the information, had been committed by mo ; 
he said, if it was true, it was not proved ; and he took 
it, that they ought to render a^vcrdict according to what 
was then in court proved. 

Mr. Lannum then arose to close the argument; he was 
well prepared, and displayed all the art, all the sophistry, 
and all the ability which he possessed; he had told me iii 
8o many words, [theU ht was deiermined to drive vie out of 
Ou ministry and out of the state.] He had been to EU- 
aha Geer^s, about eight miles, and closeted with Asenath 
C. Sintth from about two or three o'clock in the afler* 



noon, antil aiae or ten o^clock at night,. and had promis- 
ed her honor, friendship, protection, secrecy and safety, 
if «he would swear these crimes upon me ; she consent- 
ed and did it ; she was then confined and guarded night 
and day, at the widow Lester's in Griswold, from April 
till Sept. when she obtained permission to go to Hamp- 
ton, about 14 miles on a visit, and the very next day 
went before a justice of the peace and made solemn oath 
that these crimes charged upon ^ me, relative to her, 
were wholly, utterly, and absolutely false and unjust, and 
that she had been overpersuaded and wickedly induced 
to charge them upon me falsely, for which she was theii 
very sorry. She had constantly and uniformly adhered to 
this, and was then at court in town, ready and willing 
to testify the same on trial. Maria had also confess 
sed that she had taken a false oath against me when 1 
was ^b>ound over ; that old Halsey, Dr. Downer, and 
James Lanman had overpersuaded and hired her to do 
it ; — she. had been before Denison Palmer, Esq. and 
made solemn oath, when I was not within 30 miles of 
her : thnt she had no reason to believe that the charges 
against me were true, her sister told her soon af\er the 
death of her mother .while she was confined at th« 
widow Lest er^s that the charges against me were not 
triie; that she was sorry for what she had testified^ 
and was determined not to say it again, and wanied to 
, leave that place. Maria had constantly for about twelve 
months declared her full belief of my innocence of the 
crimes charged against me. Mr. Lanman, had now got 
her into his possession again, she had recanted and told 
the story which Halsey dictated, Downer wrote, and he 
and they had induced her to swear to and which was 
false^ — but he must now make the best of it. After an 
apology, and a profession of his pretended feeling, he 
related the story as it was contrived and laid out before 
the court of inquiry, of a young female, seduced by a 
clergyman, begotten with child, poisonous portions of er- 
got administered, a deadly instrument used, the child de- 
stroyed in embryo, she languishing, sickening, dying ; 
(not one word of which was then in proof before the 
court, not one word of it was trae,) O, that he was made 

11 « 



m UEMotsa. 

of a stronger texture ! O, that his nerves were iroa f 
In this way he arrested the attention of all who were 
present : he weeps, he sobs, he wipes his eyes, and ap- 
peals to the feelings of humanity, He appeals to the .pa* 
ternal aflfection of every parent present, to the feelings 
of every mother, of every brother, of every sister in the 
world. ' The jury are all in tears, the judge himself 
weeps, and not a heart which does not burn with indig* 
nation against the Wretch who would do these things ; 
they forget the testimony, they are ready to catch at ev- 
ery straw; they are ready to believe any thing ; the tes- 
timony of Maria is then recapitulated and dressed in the 
most glaring colors, the negro story is repeated ; the 
swamp story, the dismal swamp story — horribile dictu ! 
et amplius mirabile visu ! that is, horrible to he toldynnd 
more horrible to be seen, was portrayed in the gloom of 
death. In fact it appeared to me that Mr. Lamnan ex- 
erted himself in everyway, par fas et nefas^ i. e. right or 
wrong to answer his purpose. To beat, to come off 
eonquerer, in this case, would gratify the feelings q£ 
all my political, religious, and personal enemies; of them 
he would reap the plaudit, well done; he WQuld reap 
feme, honor, renown! to be conquered, he would be de- . 
•pised bv all. Towards the close of his plea, he wished 
to introduce Maria before the court again, and it is 
thought that she understood the case. He stated some- 
thing which he said she testified about my^ coming there 
in the night and advising Asenath to go away; my 
counsel objected, and said she did not say so. This 
afforded the opportunity he wanted of calling her again 
before the court. The case rested almost wholly on her 
testimony, and he closed with a few remarks thjit al- 
though there was no direct proof of the crimes char- 
ged upon me, yet the circumstances, (founded on the 
testimony of Maria and Sa:n) were sufficient to convince 
every person present that I was guilty, and he expected 
the jury would find me so. 1 do not pretend that i have 
repeated the words of Mr. Lanman but I have endeav- 
ored to represent the manner in nhich 1 thought he man- 
aged this ease ; that he raised a frightful and pitiful im- 
age which did not exist in truth or in evidence— that he 



mourned ovbr it himself— that he called fo|1h tfaesympa* 
thy and compassion of the court and jury, and excited a 
high indignation whereby they are ready to believe anj 
thing, and to punish the least appearance of guilt in this 
case, and to construe circumstances into the appearance 
of guilt where there was none. 

Soon aflefi the pleadings were closedy I gmd^ 
May it please the court — I stand here accused of 
crime? which never came into my mind, at which my 
heart revohs, which are disgraceful and shocking to hu- 
manity, apd of which, Sir, I am absolutely as innocent 
as your honor the judge, or as either of you, gentlemen 
of the jury. The person, on whose oath I was bound 
over for trial and on whose oath I ought to be condemn- 
ed or acquitted, the only petson in the world who can be 
supposed to know and testify whether the crimes charg* 
ed upon me were* true or false, is now in town, and it 
ready and willing to testify my entire innocence, and to 
explain every circumstance on which even a presump- 
tion of guilt can rest upon me, and I now. move that her 
testimony may be admitted and heard. By the judge- 
Where is 4she ? Ans. Within a. few rods of this place^ 
and can be here in a very few moments. By the samd 
— Why have you not offered her before ? — An&. . Be* 
cause she was not my witnt^ss, but the principal witness 
on the part of the. prosecution, and I did suppose thai 
^e court would require the highest evidence in the case^ and 
that she must and would he called upon by the State's 
Attorney ; in that case she would have disclosed the 
whole plan and the means used to effect it. By the 
judged — I do not know, it is a novel case, you have had a 
hearing of two days, and you have had an opportunity ol 
bringing her forward. Ans. And so has Mr. Lanman: if 
he had brought her forward, she could have told the whole 
truth and he could not have contradicted it. If I had 
brought her forward, he could have proved what she wa9 
induced to testify at the binding over, and I could not 
impe£ich or contradict my own witness : and. Sir, in thi$ 
way I am deprived of tJie consiititiionar right of confrctUxng 
the principal witness against me. By the judge, to Mr 
Cleveland. Have you any thing to say on this subject / 



It4 MEMOIRS. 

Ans. The counsel for Mr. Hogers have advised him not 
to bring her forward, but I should be sorry to have his 
interest suffer by the advice of iris counsels By the 
nidge J to Mr. Isham — I see that Mr. Lanman is absent, 
wd you have been employed in this case, what dj you 
ly to this application?. Ans. lam confident if Mr. 
iuanman were present, he would object to it ; and in his 
absence £ do object. By the judge — She cannot be ad- 
mitted. — I then replied — I shall think it very hard to be 
condemned with the undeniable and irresistible evidence 
of my innocence by my side, ready and willing to testify, 
but rejected by the court merely because she was not 
offered a little sooner. Mr. Lanman introduced Maria 
to testify afler my counsel had closed their pleadings. 
By the judge — she cannot be admitted. This is the 
substance sp^ in many respects the very words which 
passed betw««a me and the judge at this time. He had 
before admitted collateral testimony before the main facts 
were proved. — He had refused to send for Lester Clark, 
who would have destroyed the testimony of Maiia A. 
Smith, on which I was condemned ; he had directed 
them to proceed in the trial while the papers and doci\- 
ments, which were delivered in. evidence to the justice aft 
the binding over, were withheld and concealed. And he 
now proceeded to charge the jury in a manner, which I 
appeal to a candid and enlightened public to say, if it 
was not highly objectionable. 

The judgfi. then arose y 
And gave what some called a charge to the jury ; 
but he did not charge thecn to inquire on their oath if 
the crimes charged in the information were true as there- 
in contained and set forth. He dwelt largely upon the 
testimony of Doct. Downing, Maria, and Sam the negro! 
He had excluded the testimony of Asenath, he had re- 
fused to send for a witness in my favor, he proceeded in 
the trial when he was informed and well knew, that doc- 
uments, important documents, the undeniable evidence 
of my innocence were withheld and concealed. For SO 
years he had been my personal enemy and persecutor. 



HEMOIR9. Ill 

and he now exercised official power to gratify personal 
feeling, than which nothing can be nmire oppressive !* 
Saturday, Octobc^r 7th, 1820. 
The court met according to acQournment ; the jury at 
about eleven o'clock caind in after having been out one/ 
night and part of one day and declared me guilty. Mr. 
Goddard then moved for a new trial on the ground that 

I there was no evidence that the crimes charged in the 
information had ever been committed by any person ; 
on the ground that there was no proof agaiiftt me, 
which ought to be regarded. 

In both cases the court overruted, and would not grant 

; a new trial. I did expect that be would have moved for 
a new trial on the ground that important documents haa 
beep withheld and concealed : on the gnmnd that Mr. 
Perry Clark and his wife were out of the state and their 
testimony could not be had ; on the ground that f had 
been deprived of the constitutional right of confronting 
the principal witness against me, and of compulsory pro* 
cess to obtain a witness necessary in my defence. He 
did take exceptions to the words of the information, but 
here again the judge overruled. 

The court adjourned till one o'clock, theft te meet at 

I the Judge's chamber at Shepherd's hotel. Ai one c^clock 

[ the court was called in the Judgt^s private chamber. I ap- 

peared. The Judge said, you stand charged with a most 
heinous ofience ; the jury have declared you guilty^. It" 
now devolves upon me to pronounce the setftence ; tbk 
is a matter of discretion with the court. I understand 
that you have children who are well educated and res« 
pectable, and I am inclined t o mercy so far as Is cortsfa* 

* If the Judgt MSiMno thvpower of ndmitltiif mm] excli»riiig (rom the iury. 
•ach evidence as his own peraooal faelkigB mmy m^fM, umA they he (x>uM' 
bj enth to render a verdict according to th^ evidence then delivered incoilril 
it ii evident that the right of trmi by a Jury U perverted! In diis caee. tha 
principal witaeM wa« exckxleily tee page 141, importartt papers and docii- 
■lents were withheld and concealed, see fmgip 1^, a triok was permftced for 
bepahnedapon the Jury, see pa^ 116, a perjured person and a lyiiflf» thier' 
isk negM we»e permitted to testify, and I wa» declared guilty of oriini» 
which never cane iotu sy sindy of wfcich f itas as hinooent as ttie Judge wha 
pronounced the sentence, or ae any other pttviit io the WMrM, and wbiefl 
Hf neter were charged upoa me until two yeaun ate tlMjr ^tm said U !&«# 



12$ HEMOnUf 

tent with the welfare of society. The gentence of the 
co.**t tberefbce is, Uiut you be imprisoned in Norwich Jailj 
wiihout bail or mainprizej forihe term of two years, I^an- 
man, the state's attorney, who had maliciously brought 
this prosecution, and was one of the three, that had over- 
persuaded and hired them to swear falsely against me, 
standing by, exulting and triumphing oyer his unfortu- 
nate and distressed victim, said to the Judge, I suppose 
jrou mean Newgate; but the Judge, who had been coun- 
sel against me in the county of Fairfield, had opposed me 
in the convention of the Episcopal church, and was con- 
sidered by me as my personal, political and religious en- 
emy, and who in this very case I considered as having 
acted very unfairly, was yet more merciful^ and said, no 
I mean Norwich. 

I then addressed the^ court in these words : I thank 
the court for shewing some degree of mercy, when it was 
in your power to have gone further \ but that God who 
knowB the hearts of all men, knows that I am as' innocent 
of the crimes charged upon me as your honor the Judge 
or as either- of the gentlemen of the jury, who have de- 
clared me guilty. I think that .they Save b( n misled, 
and have declared me guilty without evidence, and I 
know without truth. From the sentence now pronoun- 
ced upon me, I appeal to the righteous tribunal of Hear- 
on, there you and I must appear, and then it will be 
Jtaownthat you have condemned the innocent ^ and that I 
suffer unjustly. In the mean time j I submit myself to 
©very insult, to every abuse, and to every injustice, 
which can be loaded upon me. Much bette; men than 
any of us have suffered before me ! 

I then settled my business at the tavern where I and 
my witnesses put up— committed my horse and carriage 
to the care of my good friend Seth Collins, Esq. got inr 
to a Wagon with a Mr. Reed, was accompanied by a dep- 
uty sheriff, went to Norwich', about 13 miles, gave my- 
self up to the Jailer, and was locked up, where I remain* 
ad seven hundred and thirty one days, without ever put- 
ting my foot on the ground, having the compassion of 
fny friends, and suffering the insults and abuse of my en* 
#nuos. % 



MEMOIItS. 127 

Here I am in jail, who have received the honors of one 
of the first universities in America, who was ordained in 
Trinity church in the city of New* York, constantly a 
member of the convention of the Episcopal church in 
that state, three years a member of the general conven- 
tion of the United States, who have preached with ap- 
probation in all the principal towns and cities in the 
■ northern and eastern states, who have enjoyed all the 
honors and degrees of freemasonry, who am now a mem- 
ber of the cocporation of Union College in the city of 
Schenectady, and was one of its first founders'* who 
was settled as a minister in my native town and state, 
without so much as one dissenting voice and vote; .who 
have performed more ministerial duties than almo^ any 
other clergyman in the United States, who have always 
endeavoured to give the best instructions, and set the 
best example in my power, -and to have always a con- 
science void of offence towards God and towards man ! 
Because I thought it best for the Episcopalians to unite 
with the republicans of Connecticut and to do away the 
olTensive blue-laws of the state, and that all denomina 
tions should enjoy equal rights and privileges according 
to their several capacities and stations; I was forbid to 
preach in the state, without hearing or trial, and actually 
without my knowledge. I was sued nine times for not 
regaridiug that prohibition, was persecuted for more 
than seven long years in Fairfield county; I was refua- 
ed a seat in the convention of my own church in the 
state, though they acknowledged and confessed that they 
had nothing against me,that m^ character and authority 
were good, but I was a ^republican in principl e, I wa$ 

• * University or the state of iNew-iork, October 28, 1831. 
— I certify the foliowingto be a true list of names of the Trustees of Unioh 
College, in the city of Schenectady, as named in the original charter, 
(granled 1795,) viz. Robert Yates, Abraham Yates, jun. Abram Ten 
Brook, Goldsbrow Banyad, John V. Henry, George Merchant, Stephen 
Van Ranselear, John Glen, Isaac Vrooman, Joiieph C. Yates, JaoiM 
Shoier, Nicliolas Veeder, James Gordon, Beriah Pakner, Samuel Smith, 
Henry Watton, Ammi Rogers, Aaron Condict, Jacobus V. C. Ronieyiv 
James Oodiran, John Frye, !>• Christopher Peek, Jonas Platt, and Jbnat 
Coe. 

GIt>EON HAWLEY, 
Seeretury tif th* Regenti of the Umottity of ITeuh York, 1831. 



us IfCMOIRS. 

opposed h a union of church and staUy and had offered io 
change the laws and customs of the state^ in taxing every 
body to support one particular denomination unless they 
would acknowledge inemuhes dissenters, - 

The Judge himself, on my trial, had been employed, 
as a lawyer against me, for many years in the county of 
Fairfield ; and for almost 2Q years had been one of my 
principal opposers — was prejudiced against me, and not 
fit to judge a casA where I was concerned, if only one' 
dollar was depending, much less where character, pror 
fession, liberty and every thing valuable in life were ai 
stake. My counsel did not defend me and mj cause as 
I expected, and as they might have done ! ! a combina* 
tion #as formed against me, I am accused of what nev- 
er came into my mind ; on trial I was refused the consti*- 
tutional right of confronting the principle witness against 
me ; the court refused to send for a witness in my favor, 
important papers and documents, the undeniable evidence 
of my innocence, were, on trial withheld and concealed, 
and the court proceeded without them ; the Judge did 
not charge the jury on the information, as I thought he 
ought to have done. 

The court refused a new trial, over^nled all objections 
of my counsel, pronounced on me a sentence of two 
years imprisonment in Norwich jail, and here. I am in 
affliction, in disgrace, and in misery. 

O, Father of mercies and God of all comfort, my on 
ly help in time of heed : look down from Heaven I hum* 
Wy beseech thee, behold, visit, and relieve thy persecu- 
ted and afflicted servant ; look upon me with the eyes of 
thy mercy, comfort me with a sense of thy* goodness, 
preserve me from the temptations of the enemy, give me 
patience and resignation under mj sufferings. O, that . 
no repininv thought may enter my heart to discompose 
rae in my duty towards thee my God,, or towards my 
'ellow men ; be pleased to forgive my enemies, pereecs- 
tors, aad slanderers, and to turn their hearts ; and O 
God> who spareth when we deserve punishment, and ia 
the midst of thy wrath rememberest mercy, I humbly 
beseech thee^ of thy great goodness, to conifort and sue* . 
cour me, and all others who are under reproach and 



MCMOIRS. 129 

misery in this or any other house of bondage , correct 
us not in thine anger, neither chasten us in^thy sore dis- 
pleasure : give us a right understanding of ourselves, 
and of thy threats and promises ; that we may neither 
cast away our confidence in thee, nor place it any where 
but in thee. Be pleased to relieve the distressed in this 
and in all other places whereever they may be ; protect 
the innocent and make their innocency to appear ; awa- 
ken the guilty, convert the unconverted, and fill the 
world with thy glory. And, forasmuch as thou alone 
canst bring light out of darkness, and good out of evil, 
grant that the pains and punishments which we thy ser- 
vants endure, here through our bodily confinement, may 
tend to the setting free of our souls from the chains of 
sin, that when this mortal life shall be ended, we may 
dwe.U with thee in life everlasting, through Jesus Christ 
our Lord ; Amen. 

For about ten years I had been a settled minister in 
a county town, and was the only minister in town, my 
congregation was generally from. 500 to 700, had 280 
communicants, lived in plain sight of the jail and court 
house, and had thought it my duty often to visit those 
who were in prison, and to comfort the afflicted. It was 
not my business to add to the sentence of law, and to neg- 
lect or afflict the afflicted; it was enough for me to know 
that they were sick or in prison ; I knew that often the 
innocent were condemned, and the guilty went clear, 
and it was my delight and my business, like the good Sa- 
maritan, to pour the wine and oil of consolation into the 
wounds of a bleeding heart. Often have I preached to 
prisoners in jail ; often have I seen the tears of gratitude 
flow from the eyes of those who had been edified by my 
instruction, who had received comfort from my sympa- 
thy, relief from my bounty, and consolation from my 
prayers ; but little did I think that I should ever be con- 
fined myself; little did i think that I should- ever need 
those kind offices of love and friendship which I had so 
often administered to others — '^ biU he who is on the high" 
est spoke in fortune'* s wheel may soon he on the lowest y and 
the wisest knows not how soon. 

Whoever will live godly in Christ Jesus shall sufiei 



m MPtfouts. 

persecBtioa. .Our blessed. Saviour himself entered not 
mto his glory until he had first suffered here on earth. 
Read the 12th chapter of Hebrews. 

The Sheriff was good enough, though very much 
against the wishes of Lanman, to give me the best room 
in the jail. The first day after my confinement I had my 
room throughly washed and cleansed. I soon sent for a 
joiner and had it repaired and shelves put up ; it was 
then whitewiushed ; a ventiduct was soon put m from the 
vault to prevent a disagreeable smell. My friend Col- 
lins brought me a bed and bedding. I had -table cloths 
and towels sent mc — table and chairs were furnished by 
the jailer — I purchased table furniture, crockery, glasses 
&c.-^my trunks and books were brought to me — a paper 
maker sent to me as a present, half a ream of good wri- 
ting paper ; and I was as comfortable as could be ex- 
pected. 

My friends wrote to me from almost every part of 
Connecticut, and from other states, and offered me any 
assistance which I might possibly want. I wa(^ permit- 
ted to have the room entirely to myself; the prisoners 
seemed solicitous not to hurt my feelings ; they were at- 
tentive to my daily devotions and religious instructions ; 
a change in their moral conduct and conversation was 
very observable ; no profane, no obscene^ no unbecom- 
ing ianguage wag heard anjong them, and here I iitaid 
two years ! 

To mention the kindness of one friend would seem to 
be a neglect of others. I was visited by people of the 
first standing in society, from different parts of Connect- 
icut, and from other states — I performed divine service 
and preached through the grates of the jail almost every 
Sunday when the weather was fair, for two years — seats 
were built up on the out side of the jail and the congre- 
gation was as laree, as • attentive and as respectful as 
could be expected. On Christmas, Easter and Whitsun- 
days the doors were opened and I preached and adminis- 
tered and received the sacrament of the Lord's supper, 
on Christmas eve's the jail was, by the bounty of my 
friends, handsomely illuminated and decorated with greea 



I 



MBMOIIta^ IS 

bows and VineSy in token of joy and rejoicing at the 
birth of our blessed Saviour. 

The jailer at that time furnished good and wholesome 
foody and ^enough of it. The sherif* often called to see 
the prisoners, and to inquire of their welfare. Mr 
Guriey was now the state's attornej, and seemed to be 
sensible of the injustice which was done to me. Mr. 
Goddard knew that i blamed him, and I have never spo- 
ken to him since my trial. 

I blame him far permitting the trial to proceed^ vfUhmt 
compelling them to bring forward their principal toitnestf 
and while my documents were vfitUuld. Uncommon ex- 
ertions were made to convince the public that I was 
guilty and justly condemned ; the newspapers were filled 
with squibd and misrepresentations. Constance F. Dan- 
iels, cousin of Ira Daniels, reported, and Mr. Green of 
New-London printed a misrepresentation of my trial- 
setting forth to the public what was proved at the binding 
over and a great deal niore ; and wholly neglecting to 
shew any thing which I proved at that time, reviling and 
reproaching me in the most false manner, and with the 
most abusive epithets ! f Illy would it become me to 
render railing for rieiiling . But to the said Daniels I 
would barely, mention the name of the amiable widow 
Wade, on whose money the poor wretch was supported 
and educated, to whom he had most solemnly promised 
marriage, but forfeited his word and honor, married an- 
other woman, was prosecuted and his poverty was his 
security — just such an one as Lanman might couple 
with Maria and Sam ! 

Benjamin Harris j Esq, of Preston, testified that he did 
not think that there was a person in Preston or Griswold, 
who was acquainted, with Maria A. Smith, that would 
take her word, or her oath for one quarter of a, dollar. 
Hon. Judge ff illiams of Groton, who lived" in the neigh- 
bourhood of the said Maria, testified that he did not 
think that any person who was acquainted with her, ought 
or would think the better or worse of any one in conse- 
quence of any thing, that she could say or swear; thattha 
first time he ever heard of her, she was in a house of 
ill fame, hugging and kissing a married man, and that if 



U2 MEMOIRS. 

»he court and jury had known her character and the 
circumstances, they certainly never would have declared 
me guilty, or pronf>unced sentence against me. 

Peny Clark and Sophia Clarky depose and say that 
Asenath and Maria A. Smith lived in the same house 
with theto in the year 1817, and long before and since 
that time — ^that they well remember that Asenath was in 
the habit of keeping private company with a young phy- 
sician — that said Perry saw him come out of her bed 
chamber between break of day and sunrise or or about 
the first day of July 1817 — that they have no knowledge 
or belief that Mr. Rogers was at their house during the 
summer of 1817 — ^that they well remember that in the 
summer and fall of that year Asenath was very unwell 
and feeble, and had fits, and particularly on the week 
before she was said to have been delivered — ^that they 
personally knew that the testimony of Maria, on the tri- 
al of Mr. Rogers, teoifalse^ particularly as to his beine 
shut up alone with her at their house, Sec. (see page 107) 
-—that they never heard of any such ' thing until about 
two years ailer wards — that the mother .of Asenath in- 
formed Mrs. Clark, who was her sister, that she never 
"suspected that Asenath was like to have a child, for she 
knew that it was not with her, as it is with v>omen in gen^ 
grai when they were in that situaiiony Sfc, Sfc, 

Subscribed and sworn in due form of law, in Norwich, 
in the County of New-London, March 26, 1822. 

Before John Hyde, Justice of Peace, 



CHAPTER Xn. 



On the 25th of January 1 822 f addressed a letter to- 
the Governor of Connecticut, inclosing a petition to the 
General Assembly of that state, stating my case with 
the foregoing depositions of Doct. Harris, Judge Will- 
iams, Perry Clark and his wife Sophia Clark, praying, 
not for a pardon of crimes which I never had committed 
or ever thought of, tut to have the sentence suspended 
until I could collect my witnesses and defend myself in 



p^tibhTand by counsel before that tton. Assembly an^ 
f^om him I received the foflowing answer viz. 

St^h of Connecticut J Litchfield^ February lUKj IB^. 
Sift~ 

I received, a few dfays since, your letter dated Janua- 
ry ?5tfu 1822, V) th a narrative in the foHn of a petition^ 
to ttte General Assembly of this State, to be convened 
at New-Haven, on the first Wednesday in May next. 
Your conscience must have informed you whether this 
narrative contains a just representation of your case. If 
it is fals^, you have greatly aggravated the offence for 
which you are now suffering imprisonment, and instead 
pf reproaching the court and its officers, you ought pen^ 
^ itently to admit that the sentence of the Judge was as 

mild as he was justifiable in pronouncing. On the con- 
trary if your narrative be true, if you have not been heard 
by yourself and counsel, \^ fon have not been confronted 
by the witnesses against you, rf you have been refused 
compulsory process to obtain witnesses in your favor^ 
if you have not had a public trial by an impartial jury, 
or have been deprived of your liberty otherwise than 
by a due course of law, the General Assembly, to whom 
you address your petition, will examine into your case, 
* and doubtless adjudge thereon in such a manner, as an 
equal regard to your rights and the laws and the honor 
I of the State shall require. 

By the Constitution of this State, " the Governor has 
power tcl reprieve, after conviction, in all cases except 
those of impeachment^ until the end of the next session 
o.' the General Assembly and no longer." If it is in- 
iccided that reprieves should be effectual in any other 
than capital cases, the law ought to provide a mode by 
which either the persons or offenders may be holden to 
abide the sentence of the law, in cases where pardons 
are not granted by the General Assembly, or that suita- 
ble forfeitures should be recovered in cases where such 
reprieved persons are not surrendered. No provision of 
this nature exists, and in my b})lnion, any bond for that 
purpose would be illegal and void. As the General As- 
sernbly alone can grant you relief, it would be useless 
for me to investigate the truth or falsity of the facta 
12 



184 MEMOIRS. 

connected with your case. I can therefore only exprpM 
to you my sincere hope, that truth and justice may pre- 
vail. I am. Sir, your most obedrent servant, 

OLIVER WOLCOTT. 

7o His Excellency Oliver JVolcoUj Esq. Governor of Con^ 
■ nscAciA^ in lAtchfitld. 

Norwich Jail^ Feb. 20/A, 1822. 
Sif— 
Ontite «dth instiuit I had the honor of receiving your 
favor jf the 1 1th, in answer to my application dated the 
23th ultimo, and now pray you not to coiisidel* me obtru- 
sive Ti .nis reply. My petition contains a plain, unadom-- 
ed narrative of the facts on which it is founded, and I 
knew no oth^r expedient more respectful, or by which I 
could so well lay my case before your excellency and the 
General Assembly, and obtain my request. Had I laid 
my case open in the form of a remonstrance, or of a 
complaint, or of an impeachment of individuals, still the 
facts must have been narrated, or they could not have 
beeii known. God and my Own conscience bear me wit- 
ness, that my narrative contains a just and true repre- 
sentation of my case. I have no pleasure in reproach- 
ing the court or its officers, and God Almi^ty forbid that 
I should do it any farther forth, than a religious regard 
to trutii and justice compel me. Your exhortation to a 
repentance of crimes which I never have committed, 
may be kind in the intention, but certainly is afflictive 
and grievous in its application. No punishment can be 
mild which is inflicted on the innocent ; and in this case, 
if the charges were true, to be contined in Norwich Jail, 
a living spectacle of reproach and disgrace, in the very 
face and eyes of all my friends and acquaintance, is 
worse than death or Newgate for life. 1 can truly ,say 
with the Roman orator, '^ quain puhlit am odium nullum 
supplicium est gravius : " i.. e. than public hatred no pun- 
ishment can be greater. Had you** Excellency been 
pleased to give advice on a diffbrent but true view of 
the subject, it would have been a great favor. It is a 
solemn and very interesting truth, that I have been 
^falsely accused, partially and unfairly tried, and unjustly 
condemned to irretrievable disgrape and ruin, with the 



v^ J 



Btfistonus. iw 

tmdeniabte evidence of mj innocence, excluded by the 
court, and cruelly and corruptly withheld and concealed 
by the State's Attorney, and perjury ! the most Heaven 
daring perjury ! a confession of which was then proved 
and acknowledged in court, was tolerated and allowed ! I 
mean, that after it was proved in court, on trial, and Ma- 
ria A. Smith then acknowledged, that she had frequent- 
ly and seriously confessed, to difierent persons and at dif- 
ferent times that she had taken a false oath against me 
before the Justice when I was bound over, and that she 
had been overpersuaded and hired to do it, the court ad- 
mitted her testimony, and evidently charged the jury, 
not on the information then against me, but on her story, 
which was utterly false by her own repeated acknowl- 
edgements, and by other circumstances. It is painful 
for me to say these things of the judiciary of my native 
state and where I was /educated ; but my rights are as 
dear to me, to my children, and to my friends, as Judge 
Chapman's or Mr. Lanman's, or the State's can be to 
them; and I sb kl be under everlasting obligations 
to the Govcir *• r bi0 mMe!& m *b?« wv <*f tm widi* 
ject, 

1 am suffering imprisonment, disgrace, and the loss 
of all worldly comforts, not for committing crimes with 
Asenath G. Smith — No, Sir, this is not the cause for 
which I am imprisoned, persecuted, and suffer the loss of 
all things, but my real crimes, my most henious sins, are 
that I have dared to be a Protestant Episcopalian ; that 
1 have dared to oppose a union of Church and State ; 
that I have dared to oppose any person's being by law 
taxed, and by law compelled to atteno and pay money^ 
to support that as God's truth which they did not believe 
to be true ; that I have dared to call in question the 
Federal Presbyterian politics of Connecticut, and to be 
a republican : that I had questioned the' morality and in- 
fallibility of Bishop Jarvis ; that I had fully espoused, 
the- doctrine, that although Bishops were the true and 
awful governors of Christ's church, yet if thty did not 
govern Christ's church according to Christ's laws, an4 
the established order of that church, their government 
was not binding : that no discipline, no sentence, no ad- 



UK MEMQIBS. 

numsCratioo of pishop Jarvi^, or of all the . Bishops in 
the tTnited States, is of any force or validity, unless it 
be founded oi> the previous steps required by the author- 
Vy of disd's word and the constitution and canons of 
as church. 

Another dreadful sin and crime in me is, that I have 
not any,, even the least, confidence in the Leather Mitten 
Ordinationy under a string of which Mr» Lanman had 
then recently enrolled himself, or in any other ordination 
which is derived of human authority.* It was then, and 
now is, my decided opinion, that there is no ecclesiastic 
cal authority which is not derived from God, and that 
there is no civil authority which is not derived from the 
people. That no one can lawfully baptize, or adminis- 
ter the sacrament, or hold forth to a guilty world the 
lerms of life and salvation in the name of the Father and 
of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, without authority 
from God *, and that this authority can be derived only 
two ways, viz. immediately from Heayen, in an extra* 

•Wiioa oiTfoiiSitfaBn fine casw to nsiutf in tlitt met oC ConnecUoiK 
VrilVttI wasbon^aseCdeoMrt wwfbniiedatdMiiiouth o'' StraUbrd rivec 
€1h SoDdays dxy med to meet fcr p«b^ie «onhip» and tfoaietiaiBs one would 
My and exhort, and flomeumefl anoiner, as taey feH dispMed. 

Th«y drew up a writing among tbem«elvet which they called a 
Cburch Covenant — they then thought it neoeasary to have a minis- 
ter, and what made a minister was the people's choosing bim, and bis 
■Mepting tlie cboice, If they oould make a minister they onold or 
dain bim, fiur it was more to make him than it was to ordain him. AcQprd- 
ingly they met andchuse one Mr. Chauncy oat of their number,. who seemed 
lo betbe most gifted, and chose three of their brethren, viz. Mr. Prindle, 
Mr. Briiiismaid and Mr. Graves to 6rdain him. On the day appointed, they 
came from their labor with tbeir leatlier^^iprons and their leathei'-mittens on, 
wfaidi was a common dress at that time, and assembled in a log barn at the 
•outh end of the point of bnd which ha.l been c*dtivated. "Eaxih of the three 
nade a prmr over Mr, Chauncy, pat their bands upon his head and toki him 
to take authority to be a minister iq the vineyara of iesds Christ. Mr. 
Brimsroaid put on his hand first, with his leatlier-mitten oo, and the other 
two IbUowed his example, heooe the Congregational fresbyterian ordination 
p Coon, has always beini termed the <* Leatlier Mitten Oniination," and it 
IS a fiict that must of the Presbytertan ordioatioRs in Oxra. have been deriv- 
ed from the common people. Mr. Buckingham wras (Nrdained by the bMre^ 
^n of his church, in Saybrook, in presence of the Council of Ministera, (as 
lliey called themselves,) and his ordination was acknowledged and received by 
them as valid^Mr. Pniddea, of Milfi>rd, and otiiers, were ordained in the 
fame way, and their ordinatioqs were acknowledged and they ordained others. 
(See T)rumMV9 JMor^ tf GomKCf^l, twL I, jkwss id6, 264, j-e. edf 



MEMOIRS. Itf 

ordinary manner, and then we mast produce immcdiata 
and extraordiaary works to prove it, such works as no 
others can produce : for God never requires his creatures 
o believe that which he has given them noreqfon to be- 
lieve ; or il must be derived from God, from him who 
had all power in Heaven, and on earth, by a direct, un* 
interrupted line of succession. No one can lawfully act 
by authority of the State of Connecticut, or of the Uni- 
ted States, without authority from them, and this can be 
derived only twq ways, viz. inimediat*»ly from the people, 
and then^ it requires immediate evidence from them to 
prove it ; or it must be derived by a succession from the 
regular constituted authority. Because a man or a body 
o£ men have the statute law of the State, they have not 
power to make a Justice of the Peace : and because a 
man or body of men have the Bible, they have not pow- 
er to make a priest. It requires as much authority to 
make a justice as it does to make a law ; and it requires 
as much authority to make, a mmister of God as it doea 
to make a Bible; 

The chvil and ecclesiastical authorities are derived 
firom different sources, and ought lo be kept perfectly 
separate and distinct ; and a union of these two authori* 
ties has caused more distress, more devastation and more- 
blood-shed, than all the wars, than all the plagues, than 
all the famines with which the earth has ever been visit- 
ed. I am also in the opinion, that the separation of our« 
forefathers, not from the civil, but from the ecclesiastical' 
authority of £nglahd, and the church of England, was* 
al !irst very unnecessary and unreasonable, and that it is 
now the imperative duty of all, to return to the Episco-^ 
pal church. It is dishonorable to God and dangerousto 
the souls of men, to depart from the authority, the doc- 
trine, and the worship of. the universal church. Those 
things in which they all agree must be derived from the 
same source. 

In regard to experimental religion, J think it essen- 
tial that the natural disposition of the human heart 
should be changed from ungodliness and worldly lusts, : 
to the love and practice of a sober, righteous and godly 

life and conversation : but in this case, as in all others* 
12* J -^ 



US MClfOISS. 

I think that no man otf woman ever acts wisely except 
'when they act reasonably. In short, 1 have opposed en- 
thusiasm, bigotry an4 superstition, on one side ; and 
1 have o[wosed infidelity^ immorality, and licentiousness, 
on the other. And these, Sir, are my crimes : — ^these 
principles and this practice haice raised upon me a host 
•f enemies, and have brought me to this jail, this place 
ef disgraceful punishment : and were the truth of it 
avowed, for it 1 could witliagly burn at the stake, I 
could sufier any punishment, here or ta Newgate, or in 
any other place, and never should relinquish till my soul 
should cease to exist. But to suflfer as I do, under the 
fiike and feigned charge of crimes which never entered 
my heart, and which for their foulness, would blacken 
ImU, is the sorest, the heaviest, and the most grievous 
affliction, that could be laid upon me. Sir, I am a per* 
#ecuted man. I am not guiHy of what is laid to my 
eharge, neither did it ever come iitto my mind. I am 
wholly ignorant and innocent of these or of any other 
crimes or misccmduct with Asenath G. Smith, and I have 
mo idea thtU mypenecuhrs -ever thought I ioas gwliy. 

That the governor should feel it necessary to put a 
construction on the constitution of Connecticut wholly 
different from what I had apprehended, is to me, a source 
of disappointment and sorrow. Thi^ instrument was, 
in my view, a supreme law of the state, contrary to 
frhich any other law, if made, would cease to be law : 
tl would ipse fadOj bo null and void in itself. By that 
instrument the governor has power to reprieve after con- 
viction in 4/1 caees except those of impeachnient, bui 
here ie a cau which is not by imptachmenty ergo, the gov- 
ernor has no power to reprieve in any other than capital 
cases. This is a kind of logic which was not taught in 
Yale College when. I had the honor of being a member 
of that institution. 

If I may not be pennitted to collect my witnesses 

nnd to prove the facts and representations contained and " 

,^0et forth in my petition, nor to disprove any thing which 

^may be said against it, an investigation, would be une« 

(qual, unfair and dangerous, as the character of falsehood 

Might be fixed upon that which n^a strictly true. Though 



umona. lo 

I hare the fullest eonfidonce in youf Excellenoy) in the 
General Assembly ,and in the state, yet it must be evident 
Uiatthe httnor of the stale is deeply concerned to di- 
minish the credibility of what I claim in this case, of what 
I know, and of what,by permiasion of the govern(l^,f could 
prove to be tr ae; without that permission I should doubt 
Ihe expediency of laying it before the General Assembly 
in its present form; it may be epitomised, and their atten- 
tion confined'to a ft^w obvious facts, merely because I may 
not b** permitted to prove or disprove any thing ; but this 
would be doing great injustice to myself; nordid I expect 
the governor to investigate the trnth or falsity of the facts 
connected with my case, any«farther forth than they ap- 
peared in the petition itself ; and for this obvious reason ^ 
that I could not be present to advocate or defend. There 
were only two witnesses in my trial who claimed to have 
any knowledge of any improper conduct of Asenath C 
Smith and me. One was a poor, mean, lying, thievish 
negro boy, whose master Heciarod that he could not be- 
lieve him when he was sent oo a common errand ; that 
he placed no confidence in hia Hory, that he liad - repri- 
manded him for it, and who only the summer before was 
actually arrested for stealing. The other was Maria A 
Smith, the supposed sister of the aatd Asenath, who on 
trial bf^fore the court, made oatk thai Mht had told so many 
JUfferent stories^ and contrtidicUd herself so often on the sub^ 
jeet that she did not think hsr testimony woM be received; 
who also acknowledged under oath before court, that she 
had frequently, and seriously confessed to diflerent per- 
sons and in difibrent placea, that she had taken a false 
oath against mo, before the justice when I was bound 
over, and who is now, this very moment, if report be true, 
supporting herself at the eicpeose of her chastity in a 
common bawdy hojuse in the ctty of New- York. To re- 
" Cot the Governor, or tho General Aaaembly, or any per- 
son in the world to such witnoskes for the truth or falsity 
^of any thinfi^, I should bo absolutely ashamed, and would 
"not now do it, had not Mr. Lanman called them into no- 
lice, and improved them for the purpose of destroying 
an Episcopal clergymaQy and a republican, by fixing' 
crimes upon mo which never oame into my miBd^ and of 



UO MUMOIRS. 

which I am atisolutel/ as innocent as the ministers of 
the upper sanctuary. Devoutly uniting in the hope ex- 
.pressed by your Excellency that truth' and justice may 
prevail, 1 am very respectfully your Excellency's most 
obedient and very humble servant. 

AMMI ROGERS. 

' On the 8th day of October, 1822,./ tccw released from 
prison in due course of law; afler having remained 
there two years on the charge of crimes which I never 
did commit, and of which I never had been informed, or 
known any thing, until about two years afler they were 
said to have been committed — and of ^hich I have do 
belief or even suspicion ihmt my accusers ever thought I 
was guilty ; after a note of more than $630 was extort- 
ed from me while I was in prison, on peril of my life -and 
liberty; against my strongest remonstrances, protesta-^ 
tions, and utter refusal; after this money had been taken 
from the public treasury, (a great part of it) by Lanman 
and Halsey under the false and feigned pretence of pay- 
ing witnesses, but which they converted to their own use 
and never did pay over to them. 

I speak and write without fear of contradiction, for 
proof is at liaad. In this case I mention Eunice How- 
ard, Samuel Dorrence, Socrates Balcome, Ephraim M. 
Williams, Lydia Williams, and others who have not re- 
ceived the money which was takidn out of the treasury 
which Lanman and Halsey have converted to their own 
private u^e and which I was then called upon to give 
my note for. In other cases Lanman took j^l5 to pay 
7jOc1 Loomis, Esq. |J10 to pay Capt. Claik of Lyme, 

cd hundreds of other;, but has never paid them. There 
are now residing in tho county of Saratoga witnesses 
who knew nothing of the case, who were dragged from 
home, were at great expense and trouble in going to 
court, in staying there and in returning. Money was 
taken from the treasury by Lanman to pay them, they 
have called for it, but he made some excuse and has not « 
paid it to this da^. Is this fair ? Is it just ? Is it hon- 
orable ? No ! the whole prosecutioti lias been false in 
the extreme, unjust, cruel and atiusive in the highest de- 
gree ! In civil society we retinquish oar natural rights 



f 



V MEMOIRS. 141 

- " ( 
for the purpose of having our civil, moral and religious 
rights secured ; how far my rights have been secured in 
Connecticut, those who have or will read the foregoing 
pages must and will judge. 



CHAPTER XIX. 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

The General Assembly of Conintci\evA convened in the 
city of Hartjordy in MaVj ISSS. 

Oh the memorial of the Kev. Ammi Rogers, a joint 
Committee of both Houses was appointed to take his 
case into consideration, to grant him a hearing, and to 
report thereon. The Committee assigned the 27th and 
28th days (»f May, 1823, f«)r the said hearing and inve»» 
igation, in the Senate Chamber^ and notice was given 
accordingly. 

Senate Chamber, Ctly of Hartford^ May 21th, 1823. 

Present, Hon. David Hill, ofthe Senate, Chairman 



J0h7^tt^i^q>--^- 



I, Ammi Rogers, appeared and said,-^ 
Gentlemen — ^1 do not come before you in the strength 
and p.iwer of Goliah of GatH, defying the armies of the 
living God ! but I come before you as a meek,* humble 
and persecuted christian ; and as a minister, of our com- 
mon Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Gentlemen, t' com- 
glain, Ist, That I have been falsely accused. 2dly, I 
ave been partially and unfairly tried. 3dly, Unjustly 
condemned and imprisoned. 4thly, And a note of more 
than $630 was extorted from me in durene, as the condi« 
tion of my liberty and life, to pay the expense of this 
abominable conspiracy. May I beseech you to grant me 
a patient and candid hearing, .and to make that rkport 
which you can justify before the bar of Grod, the bar of 
your own consciences, and the bar of all assembled crea- 
ted intelligencers. In the first place I beg permission 
to introduce the principal witness on whose oath I waa 



lit MEMOIRS. 

bound over who a]one can be suppoded to know the truth 
of the charges against me and whose testimony on trial 
was adjusted. 

Jisenaik CaroUne SmUhj the principal witness, was 
then called and sworn by the chairman, in the presence 
of a great concourse of people who 'had assembled in 
the Senate Ckambery in the city of Hartford, to hear 
this extraordinary case. She is a young woman about 
twenty-six years of age, of a good figure, though rather 
small, very handsome, dressed well, appeared well, and 
had more learning than most young women of her cir- 
cumstances. By the Ghairjpan — Miss Smith, you are 
now under the solemnity of an oath ; you will please to 
testify what you know in this case. Answer. — Mr. Rog- 
ers is not guilty of what is charged against him concern- 
ing me. He never did have carnal knowledge of me, 
either before or since his trial, and never h€is offered to 
me any thing of the kind* Before this m.isfo^-tune 
happened to me I had for two or three years kept 
private company with a young physician ; but I do not 
wish to hnplicate others. JVIr. Rogers is innocent ; and 
I never should have accused him had it n6t been for Col. 
Halsey, Dr. Downer and £sq. Lanman. Thet over- 
persuaded aiid hited me to say what I did against Mr. 
Rogers when he was bound over, and it was not true ! ! 
Here she burst into tears ! and there was hardly a per- 
son in the Senate Chamber, who did not weep. AOer a 
few moments Mr. Stanton said to her. Did you not once 
swear that it was true ? Ans. I suppose I did ; but I 
now wfth sorrow and shame^ confess that it was nol iruey 
and I never should have said it had it not been for them! 
By Mr. Stanton — ^Does not your conscience upbraid 
you? Ans. Yes,.sir, my accusing Mr. Rogers wrongful- 
ly as I did, has caused me more sorrow, tears and troub^ 
le, than all that J have ever said or done besides ; and 
my coming here of my own accord, (for I was not oblig- 
ed to come and testify against myself) is an evidence of 
my sincerity.— [Here followed a long and particular ex- 
amination by the Chairman and Mr, Reea, in which she 
fully cleared ine of every crime or misconduct with her^ or 
within her knowledge^ and then handed to the Chairman 



UEMomsr. 14S 

the following letter which she had written to the church 
in Hebron, and which she said would more fully explain 
her conduct, viz:] 

To the Episcopal Church in Hebron. 

' October 5th, 1819. 
With shame and confusion I presume to address you 
by the silent language of a pen, and it is humbly to con- 
fess my fault, and earnestly to ask your forgiveness. I 
think it is my duty to say that Mr. Rogers is certainly 
and absolutely innocent of what has been laid to his 
charge concerning me, and I certainly have been over- 
persuaded and induced by Col. flalsey, Dr. Downer and 
others, to testify and say that against Mr. Rogers which 
was very unjust and wrong. They assured ine that he 
was an important character, a cunning, artful man, and 
one that '. the Bishop and Clergy were against, and if I 
would testify against him it would be more for my honor, 
it should never hurt me, it should never cost mc any 
thing, &c. — that I should be protected, that the whole 
town would pity me and be sorry for me, that all his en- 
emies would become my friends, and that my character 
would be better than it ever was, for every body would 
take my part, would receive mo into company and treat 
me with respect, — and, that I should be respected by all 
my acquaintance. But if I did not do it, — my. father 
was dead, my mother was very like to die ; I had no 
brother to take my part, (George Downer was gone to 
the Ohio and would never return) I should be hated ana 
despir^ed by all my acquaintance and'by every body.— 
Col. Halsey and Dr. Downer came to our house and 
staid all night. Dr. Downer took me into a bed room 
alone, and there talked) to rhe,-he said as a friend, and 
advised and overpersuaded me to lay my misfortunes, not 
to his son, but to Mr. Rogers, and then for the first time 
I consented to do it, which was in March or April 1819, 
Col. Halsey dictated what they wanted me to say, and 
Dr. Downer wrote it, and they overpersuaded me to 
agree to it and to testify to it, when they knew and I 
knew that it was false. Mr. Lanman came to our house 
and ^taid till nine or ten o'clock at night, he took me 
into our east chamber alone, and though he said it would 



tl4 HEKOmS 

not do for him, in his office, to advise, yet he would say 
it would be the best and most honorable thing that I 
could do to testily against Mr. Rogers. He gave me 
his word and his honor that it never should hurt me or 
cost me any thing, and tliat I should be protected; at 
length I confess I was overpowered and overpersuaded 
to say and to do what I did, and for which I am now sin- 
cerely sorry, and humbly ask forgiveness of God, of Mr. 
Rogers, and of you. If there is any excuse or pallia- 
tion for n(e or my conduct, I pray you to consider it, &c. 

AsENATH C. Smith. 

By the Chairman — Do you swear that this letter just 
read is in your hand writing, and that it was composed 
by you? Ans. I do. By the same — ^Arethe facts con- 
tained in this letter true? Ans. They are. By the 
same — Was it written of your own accord, and without 
the agency or assistance of any one. Ans. It was, anid 
I did it because I thought it my duty. 

May it please the Committee — I wish now to introduce 
the testimony of Mr. Perry Clark, uncle of the said Ase- 
nath, having married her mothered sister, lived in the 
same house with them, and brought her up at his own 
table. — He is a man of good property — worth eight or* 
ten thousand dollars ; of good moral character, and 
whose truth and veracity have not, within my knowledge 
or belief, been called in question. On trial, he, his wile 
aiiid son, were, by stratagem, got out of the state, and 
their testimony could not be had. 

To the Hon. Gen, Assembly of Connecticut in May^ 
1823. 

I Perry Clark, of Griswold, couffty of New- London 
and state of Connecticut, of lawful age depose and say, 
that in the year 1817, and long before and since that time, 
Asenath 0. Smith and Maria A. Smith Jived in the same 
house with me ; that I do know that in the fore part of 
the summer of 1817 and long before that time, a certain 
young physician was in the hubit of coming to my house- 
and of being in private company with Asenath C. Smith; 
I well remember that not long before he went his jour- 
ney to the westward, which I think was in the month of 
July 1817, he came to my house and staid all night, and 



f personally know 4faat he came out pf the hed-chamber 
f^.tiie said Aseoath at that time between break of day 
and aim-rise ; [this is the very time when I was charge^ 
in the in£>rtnation with committing that prime with her 
ibr which I have suffered two years iipprisonment, whe^ 
in truth I was hot within lOQ miles of her, had not seen 
' her that whole summer, and' never in my whole life had 
any improper connection with her.] And I depose and 
■ay that I have no knowledge that Ammi Rogers was at 
my house during the summer of 1817, but well rcmem* 
her that for several months he was not there : and I un- 
derstood that he was gone into tho state of New- York 
after his daughter, &c.— that in 1819, (two years after 
the supposed child) Col. Halsey and Dr. Avery Downer, 
ifatber of the said young physician) came to my house 
for the purpose pf getting the said Asenath and Maria 
to testify against Mr. Rogers ; that they staid all night, 
and took the said Asenath into a private bed-room alone; 
that the next morning 1 heard the said Halsey dictate, 
and the said Downer wrote the testimony which I heard 
<the said girls give against Mr. Rogers when ho was bound 
over ; that the crimes charged upon Mr. Rogers were 
said to Have been comnriitted at my house in 1817, but 
that I never did hear the said Asenath or any of the fam- 
ily accuse him in these things until 1819 ; (nearly two 
years afterwards) and I depnse aiid say, that about thie^ 
time, James Lanman, Esq. the staters attorney, came to 
my house at about two or three o^clock in the afternoon 
and took the said Asenath into my east chamber alone| 
and remained there with her until some time in the eve- 
ning, when I called him, (he says about nine or ten 
o'clock at night!) that when he came out of the cham- 
ber he told me that for Asenath to testify against Mr. 
Rogers (and not against George Downer) would be tho 
best and most honorable thing that she could do! that 
it never should hurt her or cost her any thing! that 
she need not and should not be called upon to tcstii^ 
publicly, but only before a justice and a few friends 
&c. &c. I testify that I heard the said Halsey ana 
Downer give the said Asenath tho same assurances ai 
the time they came to my h^use and staid all night.— 

19 



140 MBMOIH. 

And I farther testify that in the flmmnier aad fall of 1817, 
I well remember that the said Aaenath was verj -aicUj, 
weak, and unwell^ and had fits, and {Mirticalarlj on ^e 
week before she was said to haire been deliYered, 
%nd in one of her fits, she fell firom her bed on to Uie 
floor, &c, — ^And fiirther the deponent saith not. 

Pfi&RT Clark. 

^etO'Londan County^ $». GrUwold^ May^Oth\ 1823. 

Personally appeared the ab'^ve nnmed Perry Clark^ 
who subscribed and made solenm oath to the truth ot 
the foregoing deposition, in due form of law. 

Before me, Jedediah BarstaWf Justice of Peace, 
M General Assembly, May, 1823, opened by me, 

Tkomae Dny, Secretary, 

The depositions of Sophia Clark, wife of Perry Clark 
and aunt of the said Asenath, and of Lester Clark her 
cousin, were then read, in which they depose and say 
substantially the same as is contained in the foregoing 
deposition of Perry Clark, and particularly that Dr. 
George DowAer did come there to see the said Ase^ 
nath on or about the first of July 1817, and that he 
staid all night, that he had been in the habit of doing so 
for two or three years — that they had no knowledge or 
belief that I was there during the whole summer of ^' 
1817, or that I ever did at any time keep private com- 
pany or have any improper connection with her — that in 
1819 Col. Halsey and Dr. Avery Downer did come 
there and stay all night &c. as stated by Mr. Perry 
Clark — also, that they never heard the said Asenath or 
any of the family accuse me of those things until that 
time — that James Lanman did come there and was shut 
up alone with her in their east chamber as stated by Mr. 
Clark — that they do know and well remember that in 
the summer and fall of 1817, the said Asenath was very 
sickly, weak and unwell, and had fits, and on a certain 
time had fits and fell fi-om the bed on to the floor. 

Subscribed and sworn in Griswold on the 20th day of 
May, 1823, before 

Jedediah BarsUno^ Justice of Peace. 

Gen Assembly 1823, opened by 

Thomas Day, Secniary. 



MEtfoniS. 147 

May it please ike Committee — I beg permission now to 
read the deposition of Curtis Hickox, £sq. to prove in 
tiie. first place that I have been falsely accused, and that 
I was not within 100 miles of the person and place where 
the crimes charged upon me were said to have been 
committed. 

To the Hon. Gen, Assembly o^ Conn, in May 1 8SS. 

I Curtis Hickox, of Washington in Litchfield county, 
of lawful age, depose and say, — ^that Ammi Rogers was 
at my house in Washington, in Litchfield county, (about 
100 miles from Gr is wold) on the first day of July, 1817, 
that I then and there paid him jj(40 in money and took 
his receipt in full of all demands ; which facts I after- 
wards stated in toy deposition iv4)ich I made before prop- 
er authority, and gave to said Rogers to be improved m 
a case which he said was pending against him in behalf 
of the state, (see page 99) and which deposition I now 
say was true ; and that the inclosed, viz. *'*' Washington, 
July 1st, 1817. This day settled all accounts and mat- 
ters, of every name and nature, with Curtis Hickox, 
and received forty dollars to my full satisfaction. Ammi 
Rogers,"— *is a true copy of the receipt which he gave 
me at my house, (about 100 miles from Griswold) on 
that said first day of July 1817, and further this deponent 
saith not. Curtis Hickox. ' 

IMchJUld Co. 88. Wa8hington May 24thy 1823. 

Personally appeared the above named Curtis Hickox, 
Esq. who subsciribed and made solemn oath to the truth 
of the foregoing^ deposition in due form of law. 

Before me, Youngs EUiot^ Justice of Peace. 

General Jissemblyy May 18^, opened by me, 

Thomas Dayy Secretary. 

By the Chairman — Was you charged in the informa- 
tion with committing that crime in Griswold on that par- 
ticular first day of July 1817, or was it on or about that 
day ? — ^Ans. It was on that day and on no other ; and 
because I was unjustly deprived of this evidence on trial, 
the jury falsely declared me guilty, and by it I have un- 
justly sufiered two years imprisonment. I then laid be- 
fore the committee a certified copy of the original in- 



U8 WSMOIMB. 

Ibrmation in the faaod' writing* of Mr. Lanman, and also 
a scandalous and msdicioua book which Lanman had 
caused to be printed, and in both the crime was charged 
to have been committed on that verj first day of Julj, 
1817^ when I was not within about 100 miles of the 
place or person, and had not beeii there that summer. 

Dr. Wells Beardsiee and Homer Swift, Esq. of the 
town of Kent, made solemn oath, deposed and said, that 
in the month of April, 1819, they gave their deposition 
to the Rev. Ammi Rogers to be improved in a case which 
he said was pending against him in behalf of the state, 
that from the records of the Episcopal church in that 
place and other writings, and from their own recollec- 
tion they were certain that on the first day of July, 181.7, 
and for some time before he was. with them in Kent, (not 
far from Washington) and that he was not in Griswold. 

Subscribed and sworn in Kent on the 23d day of 
May, 1823. 

Before Jo^n It. Swift, JusHee of Peace. 

General Jssemhltf Ma^ 1823, opened by me, 

Thomas Day, ^Secretary, 

May a please the Committer — ^The depositions of Curtis 
Hickox Es.q. of Dr. Beard^ee, and of Homer Swifl Esq. 
prove beyond all contradiction that I have been falsely 
Accused, for that I was not within 100 miles of the town ' 
of Griswold on the first day of July, 1817, where and 
when the crimes charged upon me were said to have 
been committed ; and this evidence was then in the 
hands of the civil authority of Connecticut : but because 
1 was an Episcopal clergyman and unfriendly to the re- 
ligious and political establishment of the state, it was 
wickedly and cruelly withheld and concealed, and the 
court knowing this did proceed in the trial without them. 
Will you, gentlemen, say. that this was fair, was it just ? 
was it honest or honorable ? By Mr. Reed — What proof 
have you of this ? Ans. I have abundance of proof — 
Capt. John Townsend and James Cook Esq. have made 
solemn oath, and it is certainly true, that they saw me 
deliver these papers, ^see page 91) to Lanman and Coit 
at the binding over — that on trial in New-London, Oct, 
1820, they stood very near me and heard me call for 



BfElfOms.^ 1* 

these papers that they "were witiiheld and the court 
proceeded in the trial without them. Will you gentle- 
men ! will the legislature of Connecticut ! will any de- 
cent person in the world justify such conduct ! ! and not 
only so, but extort from me,, on peril of liberty and life, 
more than $600 to pay for this abominable wicked- 
ness ! 

The Committee adjourned till to-morrow at one o^clock 
P.M. 

Hartfardy May^Bihj 1823. »^ 

' The Committee met according to adjournment. I ap« 

peared and said, Gentlemen — I beg permission to read 

the journal of the proceedings in this case on yesterday, 

which I did ; and then said, I come now to inquire more 

particularly into the conduct of Asenath, and wish to ask 

Iier some questions.— She was called.— I said, Asenath 

yesterday you solemnly testified under oath, before' Grod 

and this Eton, committee, that the charges against me 

in the information concerning you were false — that Cot 

Halsey, Dr. Downer and Esq. Lanman, had overper-' 

suaded and hired you to testify as you did against me 

when I was bound over, thai it wa9 not truey and that you 

never should have said it had it not been for them ; Do 

you now swear that what you then testified was true ? 

Ans. I dp. Do you say on your oath that the informa* 

~ tion against me ooncerniug you, on which I was declared 

suilty, and have suffered two years imprisonment, is 

&lse ? Ans. I do. Is my petition which is now before 

this Committee, and which you have heard read, so far 

as it relates to you, and so far as your knowledge extends 

true or false ? Ans. It is true. ^ 

May it please the Committee— I wish now to read the 

deposition of Mr. Perry Clark^ Curtis Hickox, Esq.. and 

others. — ^And I read them in support of the testimony 

which Asenath has now «given, and in support of the 

truth of the foregoing letter to the Church in Hebron. ' 

Mr. Reed then introduced a BOOK, containing a false 

report of my trial, printed by Mr. Green in 'New-Lon-' 

don, 1820, and said that the testimony of Maria A^ 

Smith was so correct and circumstantial that it seemed 

as if it must be true I replied, I deny that she ever 

13* 



JW KCHDHtt. ) 

did tesltfy ttfi M contained and s^ forth in that Book : 
and let me ask, who sajs she did ? Ans. The Book. 1 
ask, who is the author of that Book ? Who says it is 
true ? Ans. I do not know, it is published, x es Sir, 
and a great many falsehoods are published, and sven 
9anctumed by our CouriM of law. But to this Book I 
have seventeen objections which I have here in writing, 
and whieh I bow beg leave to read. In the first place, 
this Book is a Bastard, it has no father, there is no de« 
cent person oa earth who would not be ashamed to own 
it, — no one has put his name to it ! or pledged himself 
for the truth of it : and wiU this- committee receive it as 
evidence ? I say secondly. This Book contains a iabe 
report of my trial. By Mn HiU-^You have no proof of 
that. Tes Sir, I have abundance of proof. Capt. John 
I'ownsend, James Cook, Esq. & Mr. Enoch Baker have 
made solemn oath, and here ft is, that they were present 
when I waa bound over, and at the trial { that they hare 
r^d the book, and that they personaHy know . it to be 
fiilse and malicious. I read my objections and the book 
was ruled out, and was not admitted as evidence. 

May ii please the CoawiMffee— >-I wish to turn your atten- 
tion more particularly to the trial which was very par- 
tial and unfair. 

Capl. John Towmend of Hebron, Tolland County, 
Conn, of lawful age, depoeeth and saith, that he was 
present at the trial oi A»mt Rogers, in New-London, 
18S0 — that on trial he heard him call upon Esq. Coit for 
Che papers that were delivered to him at the binding over 
as evidence in the case, that they were withheld and 
concealed, and the Court directed the Coansel to pro* 
ceed in the trial without them — that he stood very near 
aaid Rogers on the trial when the said papers were cal- 
led for — that they were among other depositions from 
Washington and Kent, and the sertificate of Efisha Geer 
and family, &c. — that so soon as the pleadings were 
closed, Mr. Rogers moved to introduce the principal 
witness and was refused by the court, that in October 
last he went to Norwich after said Rogers when the 
time of his imprisonment had expnred, that the state's 
attorney cama into the prison afta presented him ti note 



to sign, as the condition of hts liberty — thftt he remott- 
^strated in warm terms and refused to sign it-«-that the 
attorney went otfy apparently in, anger, and said he might 
lie in jai.-^that by the interference of himself and £sq* 
Stewart said Rogers consented to sign it, but at the same 
time said it was perfectly unjust, and that be would do 
it only to obtain his liberty and to save his life, and to* 
wards evening did sign the noie in prison and came out 

John Townskitd. 
I ToUmnd Counfy, 8S. C^venirf^ Jlfoy 26/A, 1823. 

Personally appeared the above named Capt. Town- 
send who subscribed and made solemn oath to the truth 
of the foregoing deposition in due form of law. 

Before me, Isaiam Dagoktt, JuBtiee of Peace, 

Doct. £. B. Downing testified as belbre and that ha 
knew nothing of the truth ef the crimes charged upon 
me. 

James Cooky Esq. of Preston^ deposes and says that 
he was present «t the court of inquiry in the case of the 
state a^^ainst Ammi Rogers, that he distinctly recollects 
that said Rogers delivered to Esq. Coit, the justice at 
that time, a number of papers and documents, admiUed 
hyi consent of covaxul as evidence i« the ease (A«re its 
$AaJU<l what they wertf see page 91,) that he was present at 
the trial in New-L««don 1830, and heard the said Rog- 
ers call upon said Coit for those papers^ that he refus^ 
to give them up without the order of the cowrt^ that the 
court directed thoflft to be giv^ up, ihat Aey jiBerevnlk' 
heldj and that the comrt proceeded in the UritU without tiiem 
— that the character of Maria A. Smith, now Maria A. 
Packer, and Sam the n^ro, who were the principal 
witnesses in the trial of said Rogera^ were not equal to 
that of people in general to eoM tf tr%ttk 4md veracity. 

Subscribed and sworn in rreslon^ M«y 19(h> 1833> in 
due form of law, before 
X DaNisoN PALBcan, Justice of Feaee, ^ 

' Generic Assembly, May 1823, opened by me^. 

Thomas Day, Secretary. 

Demean PaXmer^ JBsg. of Preston, deooaeth and a«th 
diat in the month of September 1819, Maria A. Smith 
came before li^ and made ealeom eath^ that she had no 



M MEMoms. 

reason to think that the charges against the Rev. Ammt 
Rogers, concerning her sister were true, that she never 
heard her accuse Mr. Rogers until after Mr. Lanman, 
Col. Halsey, and Doct. Downer came there and over- 

Eersuadcd her, and told her it would be more for her 
onor and credit, and said they would pledge their lives 
that she never should be harmed if she would lay her 
child to Mr. Rogers ; that they went mto a bed room 
and held a lengthy conversation with Asenath, and when 
they came out, she heard her say for the first time, (and 
that was a^out two years alter it was supposed to have 
been bomr) that the child was Mr. Rogers's and went 
on with other accusations which "she never heard before 
-—that the character of Sam, the negro, a principal wit- 
ness in the trial of Mr. Rogers, was not then and is not 

now, that of a man of truth and veracity. 
' Subscribed and sworn in due form of law in Preston, 
May 1.9th, 1823, before me, 

James Cook, JuiHce of Peace, 

* General Jbsembfyy JIfiw 1823, opened by mej 

Thomas Day, Secretary. 
John C, Bakery of Griswold, testified that he was pres- 
ent at the trial of Mr. Rogers 1820, that Lester Clark 
of Griswold, who had just returned from the state of 
New- York, desired him to inform Mr. Rogers, that he 
Had returned, that he knew that which would destroy 
the testimony of Maria A. Smith, that if he would send' 
fi>r him, he would come and do it. The deponent says 
he did inform Mr. Rogers while he was on trial ; that 
he heard him apply to the co^ri io send for $aid Clarhy 
Mtidin^ that he wan a material witne$s—thal as he toas then 
on trtaly U was out of hU power to send himself; that the 
court wholly refused, and went on in the trial without him. 
The deponent says that the character of Maria A. Smith 
and Sam the negro, the principal witnesses in the trial 
of Mr. Rogers, was not then, and is not now, equal to 
that of mankind in general, in point of troth and vera- 
city. 

Sttbscribed and sworn in dae form of law, in Griswold, 
Hay 16th, 1823, before 

JaosDiAH BAKSToWyJittttee ^ Peace. ' 



General Jhrntmhigf t^^yOpeUki ^ «tet 

Th6ma» Dat^ Secrdcary. 

Capl. JS. M. WllltauMy of Grroton^ made soleiiiQ oath 
(bat he heard Maria A. Smith, ia speaking of the trial 
of Mr. .Rogers, say, that in some things she was miBt»* 
ken in what she testified against him ; and in other 
ikinga ahe litdf and^ a Ut neiaer had ehoahed her and did 
not choak her then. 

Mr. Samuel Tha^r made solemn oath that he heard 
Maria A. Smith say to me^ (just before the trial in New« 
liondoQ, and on being by me reproved for lying,) weU, 
I do not care, I know I have lied, and I will lie, and I 
have lied before the court, and I will again if I have a 
mind to, and you cannot help yourself. 

Mr, Leiois Collins j who is a very respectable man^ 
and keeps a respectable tavern ia Chester village, Mass* 
made solemn oath, deposed and said, that he heard Ma« 
ria A. Smith say, (on being reproved for lying and false 
swearing) Well, I do not care, I know I have lied, and 
fied under oath, and my oath is good for nothing, and I 
am glad of it. 

Subscribed and sworn in due form of law in Chester 
Dec. 4th, 1822, before, 

IVillieMk JfadeyJuMee ef Pemee. 

J, Peleg Rose of Groton, aad county of New-Londoiij 
ot lawful age, depose and say, that I was present at thef 
binding over of the Rev. Ammi Rogers in April 1819, 
and stood near him, that I saw him deliver to Farwell 
Coit, Esq . and James Lanmah, a numb^ of papers and 
documents, among whioh I well remember were th^ 
depositions of Gentlemen from Washington and Kent ill 
Litchfield county, and also a deposition of Asenath G. 
Smith,and her letter to James Cook Esq. in which she had 
charged her supposed child upon another m«n, aiKl had 
entirely exonerated Mr. Rogers of all improper conduct 
with her or within her knowledge,which papers he distinct* 
ly remembers were delivered to the justice and Lanman 
at tbat time, were kept by them for the trial, and on trial 
were called for : but wickedly and corruptly withheld 
and concealed and the court directed the counsel to pro* 
oeed in the trial without them, aad I testify thi^ th# 



m 

character of Maria A. Smith and Sam Wheeler, Ihd. 
blaclc boj, who were principal witnesses in the trial of 
Mr. Rogers, were not at that time on Ji p^r with people in 
• general in point of truth and veracity, and further saith 
not PfiLEG Rose. 

?CeuhLtmdon County j s«. Grotonj May I9thj 182S. 
Personally appeared the above named Peleg Rose, 
who subscribed and made solemn oath to the truth of. 
the foregoing deposition, in due form of law before 
roe, 

Palmer HeweUy JusHce of Peace. 
Ckneral Assembly f May 1823, opened by me, 

Thomas Day, Secretary. 

Address. 

May it please ike Honorable Committee — 
I have prayed the Hon, General Assembly of Conn, 
now convened, to grant me a rehearing on the ' mforma* 
tion brought against me by James Lanman, £sq. and to 
|ive up a note of more than $630, which was extorted 
from me to pay the cost which had arisen on account 
of that information. My petition was founded on the 
ground, that I was^rholly innocent of the crimes charg- 
ed upon me ; 2d, that I had been partially and unfairly 
tried ; 3d, that I was unjustly condemned and imprison- 
^ed, and wickedly and cruelly deprived of almost every 
thing which could make life desirable. On this memo- 
rial the Hon. Gen. Assembly have condescended to 
appoint a joint committee of both houses, which com* 
mitteej gentlemen, you are, to investigate the grounds 
on which my memorial is predicated. I have by your 
goodness, had an opportunity of exhibiting such proof 
as I thought must be conclusive. In the first place, I 
am wholly inaocent of the crimes charged upon me in 
the information. I solemnly declare this. Asenath & 
Smith herself has come before you in person, and has 
solemnly sworn that I was wholly innocent of these 
crimes charged upon me, relative to her ; and stated tko 
eircuoistance9 \ that she does not know that I knew, or 



had been informed that «he was, or had been like to' 
nave a child antil many months after she was delivered: 
Gentlemen, this is in proof now before you, and if it be 
true, will you say that I ought in justice to be imprison- 
ed, and to pay that note ? But she further testifies, that 
she was at that time and long before, in the habit x>f 
keeping private company with a certain young doctor ; 
that Le came there and staid all night, on or about the 
first day of July, 1817; that in the year 1817, she did 
not see me at home or abroad, from March or April, un- 
til some time in September, and that I never did at any 
time in my life offer her any carnal or indecent connec- 
tion ; gentlemen, this is in proof before you, and if it 
be true, ought I and my children add friends, and the 
public to suffer ? But what, I beseech yoij, is there 
against this proof ? does the witness herself confess. that 
she was overpersuaded to make oath to the contrary ; 
and therefore she oiight not to be believed ? But . Maria 
A. Smith confessed before the superior court that she had 
often acknowledged that she had taken a false oath 
against me, when I was bound over, and that old HaJsey, 
Dr. Downer, and James Lanman had hired her to do it ^ 
she made oath before Denison Palmer, Esq. and it is 
now in proof before this committee, that she had 1:0 rea- 
son to believe that the charges against me were true. 
At one time she said that she had taken a false oath a 
gainst me, yet the superior court admitted aer testimony 
to condemn me, why then will not this committee receive 
the testimony of Asenath C. Smith, who is ten thousand 
times more to be believed, to clear me ? It is now in 
proof before this committee, that Maria A. Smith, and 
Sam the negro, were not at the time of my trial, and 
are not now, persons of truth and veracity, and that 
they ought not to be believed ; Mr. Enoch Baker swears 
it, James Cook, Esq. Denison Palmer, Esq. Mr. Pe- 
leg'Rose, Mr. John C. Baker, all swear it, and this com- 
mittee must think that all these respectable men are per- 
jured, or that the said Maria and negro, ought not to be 
believed, of course that I am innocent and ought not to 
pay the note. The present testimony of the said Aoe- 
nath, is supported by other testimony which cannot bo 



U§ tfEMOIM. 

controrerted. 4Hie swears that in the piimtoer of 1817, 
and long before, she was in the hafott of keeping p]ivat0 
company with a certain young physician ; that about the 
first day of July, 1617, he came there and staid all night; 
that she was then begotten with that child, which his Ei- 
ther andothers induced hbr in 181d to swear falsely np« 
on me. 

Mr. Perry CHark swears that she lived in the sam^ 
house with him; that he {snows a certain young physi- 
cian was m the habit of coming there, and of -being in 
her private company ; that he came there about the nrst 
of July, 1617, or just before he. went his journey to th^ 
westward, and staid all night ; and he personally knew 
that ho came out of her bed chamber at that time, between 
break of day and sunrise ; that he had no knowledge or 
belief that I was there during that summer :that he nev- 
er heard her or any of the family accuse. me until 1819 ; 
that Hiilsey and Downer, father of the young doctor, 
came there and staid all night, and took her into a pri- 
vate bed room alone : that the next morning Halsey 
dictated, and Downer wrote these accusations against me; 
that Lanman was shut up a long time with her alone in 
his east chamber, and then told hm that it would be the 
best iind most honorable thing that she could do to charge 
those crimes upon me ; that she should be protected, it 
should never hurt her, and she need not, and should not 
be called upon to testify publicly in the case. 

Curtis Hickox, Esq. swears, that on that very day, 
when I was accused of committing that crime with . her 
in Gi iswold, I was at his house in Washington ; that he 
there and then paid me $40 in money, and took my re- 
ceipt in full, dated oh that very day, 100 miles from 
Griswold, and sent a copy of it. Dr. Beardslee swears 
that on that day, and for some time before, I was with hij?i 
in Kent, and not in Griswold. Gentlemen, all this 
"evidence is now legally before you, and will you, can you 
in conscience say that I am guilty of begetting Ascnatn 
'C. Smith with child, in Griswold, on the tjrst day of Ju- 
ly, or at any other time? consider the evidence, 
1 beseech you, and make that report which you can jus- 
tify before the bar of God, and the bar of yourowh con- 



MEMOIRS. ,mi 

sciences. Sbe f wears that 9^6 lost her child > hj siek- 
. ness/by iniirmity, or by accident. Dr. ^Downing who 
. delivered her, swears, and it is now in evidence before 
this committee^ that he saw no marks of violence uppi> 
it, or its mother ; that it might be lost by sickness, or 
by infirmity, or by ' accident. Mr. Perry Clark, who 
- lived in the very same house with her, swears, and it is 
now in evidec^ce before the committee, that in the sum- 
. mer and fall of 1827, he well remembers that the said 
Asenath was very sickly, weak and unwell, and had fits, 
and particularly on the week before she was said to be 
deUvered,and in one of her fits she met with an accident 
of falling from the bed on to the floor. Sophia Clark 
and Lester Clark swear the same. Does the committee 
believe this testimony ? if so, the testimony of Asenath 
is supported, and I am acquitted. 
^ But, may it please the committee, there is another 
ground on which I pray to have my note given up, and 
5iat is, that I was partially and unfairly tried. It is now 
in proof that the principal witness in this case, the wit- 
ness on whose oath I was bound over for trial, and 
on whose oath I ought to have been condemned or 
acquitted, was rejected by the pourt oti the ground that 
she was not offered sooner. I claim to be a man of 
some understanding. If the decision of Judge Brain- 
ard in this very case had been adhered to, no testimony 
would have been admitted until the main facts charged 
had been first proved ; and then Asenath must have 
been introduced by tliem, and she could have told the 
. whole story , and they could not impeach or contradict 
their own witness ; the all-night visit, the private bed- 
room conference, and the east chamber agreement would 
have come to view. Asenath says that they overpersua- 
ded and induced her to swear these crimes falsely upon 
me. That she did swear them falsely upon me is unde- 
niable : for she swore that 1 committed this crime with 
her in Griswold, on the first day of July, 1817. Is this 
true ? Curtis Hickox, Esq. swears, that on that very day 
I was at his house in Washington, 100 miles from her, 
and from Griswold. Dr. Beardslee swears, that on tiuU 
very dav. and for some time before. I was in Kent« and 
14 



* not in OriswoM. Mr. CUak nwmn tfiat lie had no 
AiowledgetlMt I was- at liw house, where she lived, dmr^ 
mg Hud whole $uimmerj and fi>r several tnontiis knows that 
I was nor there ; that he knows that another man wan 

* there and staid dl night, and he personalljr knew that ho 
' came' oat of her bed chamber at that time, between 

break of da/ and sunrise, so that it is undenible. iktd I 
' mmifaheip aceutedy and she was induced to swear these 
'mmes fameljr upon me. But the question is. Did Hal- 
'sey, I>owner, and Lanman overpersuade and induce her 
to sweiv falsely ? The misfortune happened to her in 
1817 — in 1819, Hidsey and Downer went there for the 
purpose of getting her to swear against me— she was ta- 
nen into a private bed room alone — they promised her 
honor, friendship, protection, safety, and even secrecy if 
she would swear against me— Halsey dictated the story 
and Downer wrote it. Soon after, Lanman went there, 
abo«it eight miles, was shut up with her alone for many 
-houts ; he said it would be the best and most honorable 
thing that she could do, to swear against me ; that she 
should be protected ; that it never should hurt her ; that 
the need not and should not be called upon to testily jm6- 
Uely in the case. She did swear ! and he called upon 
her to swear publicly, and ^he swore falsely ^ and she now 
swears that they overpersuaded her to swear falsely, 
and that her false swearing, which has ruined me unjust- 
ly, has caused her more sorrow, tears and trouble, than 
all the transactions of her life besides. Gentlemen^ these 
things are in legal proof be^re ybu, and can you now 
•ay with a good conscience, that the grounds of my me- 
morial are not well supported ? Can you say with truth 
that she did not swear falsely against me ? Can you 
m a good conscience say that these men did not over- 
persuade and wickedly induce her to swear falsely ? and 
can you say that the note to. pay the cost of this abomin- 
able iniquity ought not to be given up ? If on my trial 
I had brought forward this witness they could have pro- 
ved what she swore falsely against me when I was bound 
over ; I could not have contradicted or impeached my 
own witness, and I should have been condemned by her 
.former lestimonyi and in this way I ^H>uld not have the 



HEMQIU. 14i 

eoDstitutional right of confFonting the priDcipal witBesei 

ftgainst me ; and on this ground I claim that, my trial 

has heen unconstitutional, partial and very unfair. 

Gentlemen, I appeal to the common understanding 

of ail mankind, would any public officer, would 

any man who wanted nothmg biit pubhc ju:}tice, have 

done as these men have ? And. will you uphold them ? 

will you extort from me more than $630, to pay for the 

dreadful and scandalous falsehood charged upon me, for 

the unspeakably ruinous and distressing persecutiod 

which has been inflicted on me, and on my innocent chil* 

dren, and parishes by their means ? Will it 1>e just, 

will it be honorable to Connecticut ? I claim that my, 

trial was partial and unfair in that collateral testimony 

was admitted before the facts charged were proved i in 

that Asenath C. Smith, the principal witness, was not 

called on to support, if she could, the prosecution. I 

claim that my trial was partial and unfair, in that the 

court refused to send for Mr. Lester Clark, whose test!* 

timony was necessary in my defence. What can be 

more oppressive and unjust, than to call a person before 

you as a criminal, refuse him the evidence of his inno- 

cence, when it is within your power, and within a few. 

miles of you, and then condemn him to prison, to infamy. 

to utter ruin, in want of it. Has this thing been done 

in Connecticut ? Mr. John C. Baker swears it, and it 

is true. I called upon the court to send for Lester 

Clark, as a witness necessary in my defence ; the court 

declined, and he was not there. No^, you, gentlemen, 

are appointed b^ both houses of the General Assembly 

to report on this case, will you say that it is fair and I 

ousht to pay for it ^ 

I claim that my trial was unconstitutional, not only in 
that I was deprived of the privilege of confronting the 

Principal witness against me, the witness ou whose oath 
was bound over for trial, not only in that the judge re- 
fused ft send for a witness necessary in the defence of 
the accused, not only in that I was put in jeopardy twice 
for the same supposed offence j but in that the trial was put 
off on the part of the prosecution almost eighteen months, 
whereas the constitution provides that every person who 
ii accused shall have a speedy trial. I claim that the 



IM UEMOIRS. 

trial was absolutely unlaw^l, in that it w(i$ more than 
three yenr» after the crimes were said to have been commit'- 
ted, and almost two years before the prosecution was 
eommcnced so that it was outlawed by the statute of 
limitation. It is in proof before this committee, attested 
by Capt. Townsend, Esq. Cook and Mr. Rose, that im- 
portant papers and documents, the undeniable evidence ot 
my innocence, were delivered to the justice at the bind* 
ing over ; that on trial they were called for : that th%y 
were withheld^ and that the court proceeded without them. 
Will you, gentlemen, report that this was fair, and ought 
not to be inquired into, and that I ought to pay for it and 
be imprisoned and ruined in this way ? to take a clergyman 
from his beloved children and friends, from his parishes, 
consisting of more than 2000 souls; where for more than 
SIX years there had not been a voice or a vote against him, 
except one man, to take him from the pulpit, and from 
the altar of God, and the pledges of divine love, by 
the most false and infamous accusations, to refuse bira 
the privilege of confronting the principal witness against 
him ; to refuse to send for a witness necessary in his de- 
fence ; to put off the trial for eighteen months ^ to with* 
bold and conceal inportant papers and documents, the 
undeniable evidence of his innocence, and in this way 
to proceed to try him, condemn him, to imprison him^ to 
disgrace him, and to ruin him? What can be worse ? 
and I submit it to this committee to say, if from the evi« 
dence now before them, these things have not been prac- 
tised upon me, and' abundantly proved ? and will you. 
gentlemen, say, because they are done by the Honorable 
Superior Court, I shall not have a hearing in these things,, 
that they shall not be reported to the Honorable Gener- 
al Assembly ? But I pray you to give up my note, not 
only because it was unjust that I should give it, in that 
the charges against -me were undeniably false,^ and are 
so now in proof before this committee ; not only because 
my trial was unconstitutional, unlawful, partial and un-> 
fair ; not only because my condemnation was unjust, 
and my imprisonment cruel and wicked ; but because it 
was extorted from me in duresse, extorted from me while 
I was in prison, and could not help myself, it was taking 



\ 



MEIIOIRS^ l^ 

. the advantage of my^ 9ituaticm,.and aa-muoh compulsioii) 
«B it would have beea to pot a. knife to my tbrost, or % 
pistol to my breast ; in that it was demaiided and takeiii 
a»tbe only oonditioa of my liberty, and perhaps of wyi 
life< Capt Tow>nsend>swears:e3(pnes»ly, and it iS' now ii^ 
evidenea before you^ that be was.present wlien the< nolev 
waa signed ; that I then remonsia'ated in warm- terms^, 
and refused to sign it | that the State's. Attorney saidi 
that I might then lie in jaily and went off in anger ; thai) 
I said it was perfectly unjust ; (and I think, that I bavot 
abundantly proved by Aseoath C. Smith herself^ by Dr^. 
Bowniagy Mr. Penry Clark^ Gurtia- Hiokox^ Esq.: Dr. 
Beardslee and others, that it really was so) be sweantf 
that I then decilared that I would sign it only to obtain 
my liberty and perhaps my life ;. and in thift way 1 did 
sign it, hoping and believing that the HoiKurable Gm^ 
eral Assembly would afifHPdme relief ; and geiitlemcsiy> 
I BOW request you to give up tnyoof re|HHrt,:mjr irate on) 
each) and on ail tiie< before .maatMiied: giouadl^ ; and We 
justice to me, to youraelveaand tailie>pitbltc^ Lbope?a»dJ 
Deliere you mttst^and will ^do.it^ 

By the Chaurman'-^Iiave youany. dedumatits relatival 
to your fohner ataoSlig.i - Ana. I irure^ may it plaaaei 
yCMir honor ; bolMiot^dmotBd ax^eaal^to twB Genera^ 
Assembly- 

Jacob Bummdi of Branford^ New^Ha^ven County and 
state 4^ Conneoticut^ of lawful age^ dajiossetk and sai^l 
thi^ he haa bieian' for roairf yeara oa» <if the wardona e^ 
St. AndMwa* Cburoh in Branfof<i-; that tie wea^ pavi»n«» 
ally and wellaG^ltfainted wkh tfoa pat'enCaand gtand 'i^^* 
rents of the Rev. Ammi* Rogers^ be^iite he waaboni'V^ 
ihattbay wave always consldef^>amoagtke^m6et^resp««* 
taMiHbr obaraotisraad property of any efthe^lnkabitanca^ 
of this town; that he has been personally' and 'well nt^^ 
quaintad with the R^. Amtfinfi^\RbeeTflr, wbo^waa born 
aind brought' up within id>oat ^on^ mile'oftba^laee w1re^<i-' 
thia'deponeift -fass Kved ever' since Hler'said''K(%erii' Mraa^' 
bom ; tiatba^aev^erkiieir anythittg'unb^oiiHngitr the"' 
conddct^ or character of thesald' Rogettf ; iuid ihat tfa^fe^' 
n«ver was, to hia knowledge; any bkititAh* iix^ ujibfi^ 
hia character in this towit'^ fl^ fT6iri^>^' ^^^ bis^or^^ 



ie» BIEMOIRS. 

dination, this deponent and the cominitteo of the Epteco^ 
pal Church in Branford did sign and send to the Bishop 
and standing committee a recommendation for' the said 
Rogers to he ordained ; and this deponent says that 
some years afler this, the said Rogers was unanimousiy 
ehosen to be nunister of this parish ; that the congrega- 
tion were, united under him as their minister, and that he 
never knew or heard of any person in this town who had 
any just cause of complaint against said Rogers either 
8s^ minister or as a man. ^d further .this deponent 
saith not. Jacob Bonniel. 

Subscribed and sworn in Branford in due form^f law^ 
before 

Benjamiic Page, Janice of Ptaoe, 

Samuel Russdl and haac Hoadleg^ wardens of Trinitjr 
Church in Branford, certify that the Rev. Ammi Roff* 
era was born af respectable parents, and brought up in 
this town and neighborhood : that they have been con- 
stantly and well acquainted with him irom his infancy 
before he entered collidge, while at college, and ever 
since he has been in the ministry, and at no period of his 
life has any blemish been fixed upon his diaraeter; that 
He now is and always has been highly esteemed and res* . 
pected in this town; and that the-chitrch was never so 
united and so prosperous as while under his ministry. 

Bishop Jarvts himself^ ray enemy and persecutor, gave 
public and official assurancis in behalf of himself^and of 
all the £piscopal Clergy of Gonnecticat, that th^y had 
nothing turainst me, that my character, and authority- 
w#re gooo, &c., 'see the depoffkiam ofMt^ jSndnujSj Esq. 
DudleyyUndiheBev. Dr.Jdm^ld. 

Mr, Joel Chatfieidf one of jthe wardens of UniQn.* 
Church in Derby, gave the most unfAo^ptionable . testi- 
mony in my favor. 

Messrs. Tf^omas Wells and JBlirav^ flaughtof^pihe ^ar-? 
dens of St. Peter's Church in Hebron, .n[iade aoleam . 
oath, that I was the settled niinisteroC that p^ish, that . 
mj character was good, that for aix years then last pt^st^ 
4hej^ had never known or heard : q{ a voice ,or a vote > 
Against me in their parish except one ipaii^ ifj^o/baji loog., 
•ince sold his property .and go|^9 off. ., , ^ , r. ; r . . . 



Messrs, Sit Knox and Marcus Gibbs^ committee of the 
Episcopal Society in Blanlbrd, Mass. certify that* the 
Rev. Ammi Rogers has occasionally performed divine 
service and preached in this society for ten years last 
past; that for some time past, and at th« present time, ho 
is employed to perform divine service, and to ^preach 
here a part of the time ; and that we consider his char- 
acter and his standings as a minister and as a man, to 
be good. 

Dated May 29th, 1820. 

We the Committee, appointed by and in behalf of St 
James' Church in Poquatanic, (not far from Griswold) 
to inquire into the truth of certain evil reports, circulated 
by Dr. Downer, Col. Halsey and others, against the Rev. 
Ammi Rogers, on which a prosecution has been institu- 
ted,-— do certify and report, that we have been personaK 
ly to the house where the ill conduct was said to have 
transpired; that we have made diligent inquiry of the per- 
son implicated, of all the family, and of the noighbors ; 
that we have abo attended the Court of inquiry, and the 
court of trial ; and that we are fully satisfied that the 
reports, now charged, are wholly false and ought not to 
be regarded. 

James Cook, ^ Committee of St Jameses 
Pelbo Rose, f> Church, 

Poquatanic, April 5th, 1820. 

4t an annual meeltfi^ ^the parish of St. James* Church 
m Poquatanic y legally warned and held in said Churchy 
this 5tk day of dprily 1 820,-— 

Vifted unammoushfy That in the opinion of this mpet* 
ing, the papers issued by Bishop Jarvis against the Rev. 
Ammi Rogers, are wholly unconstitutional and uncan- 
onical: and whereas the said Rogers has performed di« 
vine service and preached in this church a considerable 
part qf the time since 1814, we think it due to him, to 
ourselves, and to the public, to say, that so far as we 
know, his conduct in this parish^ both as a minister, and 
as a man, has been perfectly unexceptionable. 
A true copy of Record. -% . 

Jmut^ Ebbnbzbr Gebr, Sodety^a Clerk, 
. There ia noi report of the .r<iiviiiiittee, nor preteocer; 



tsti MeMoimi 

suggested, thaMhavo not been fklsely accused, parlial- 
ly and unfairly tried, unjustiy condemned and imprison- 
ed, and wickedly and cruelly deprived of almoat every 
ihin^ which conid make life desirable^ and a note of 
more than $630 to pay the cost and expense, extorted 
from m» on peril of my liberty and life. I say the com* 
mittee have not pretended that all this was not proved, 
and that all this was not true: but that it would be a 
manifest encroachment upon the Judiciary, for the Gen. 
Assembly to grant a rehearing on the terms proposed, 
and I would not take the note on any other condition ; 
Good God of heaven ! has it come to this! can the 
citiaens of Connectiout4>e treated in this w«y and hava 
IK> redress ! 

O, Merciful Godj and Heavenly Father^ who hast 
taught.me in thy holy word that thou doest not willingly 
atiltot ^MT grieve the children of men ; look with pity^ I 
beseech thee, upon the sorrows of thy servant, who am 
now under affliction and persecution. Ini thy wiadooi 
thou hast seen fit to suffer me to be visited with trouble 
and to have distress brougbt npon^me. Remember me^ 

Lord, in mercy, sanctify thy fatherly corrections to 
me, endue my soul with patience under my afflictions^ 
and with resignation to thy besaed will: comfort me with 
a sense of thy goodness, lift up. the light of thy counte- 
nance upon me, and give me peace through Jesus Christ 
our Lord. Gr-ant^ O Lord^ that all my suffiMrings hisre 
upon earth for the testimony of ^hy truth,, and a geoA 
4^nscience, may terminate in thy glory aiul the salva*^ 
tion of my own aoul : nwy I loi*k up to heaven and , be* 
hold thy glory which shall 'be revealed hereafier : may: 

1 learn to love and* bless • my perssoutora. Father: of 
mercies, please to forgive them and >tor turn their hearia ;> 
please to bless and preserve alliGhriBtiaa*nderaand nmn 
gistrates, give them, grace' tb' exeeate-. justice^ and to; 
maintain truth ; please to relieve tberdistfessod,- pifotecl^ 
the inoocent' and make their innocence td;appe«? ; bies# 
all mankind, witb avery oeedM giflf oninnBttf the ' nncen»fi 
verted, and fill the world witb thy ^lopy ;'6astah0 bright 
beams of thy l^bfupon thy. csbwoli^ tbatuwa may ao 
fratkior (he light ^ -thy ^^tb^ kSbtm thalc:aa Ma^at^lengUi 



VEiioms; im 

attain everla^ing life through Jesus Chrut our Lord — • 
Amen. 
Oar Father who art in Heaven, &e. 

JttPt Judge of Hoavai, agsunaC mj ISom, 

.Do thiNi assert my injvu^ right; 
Q set me free, my God, from those 

Who in deceit and wrong delight. 

Bince ihou art still my ooly stay — 

Why leav*8t thou me in deep distresi^^ 
Why go I mourning all'theday, 

WUJbt me insttkiDg foea op|]i«st.«-<48d Pialm.) 

AGAIJ^ST LYING M^D FALSE SnEARmQ. 

The Eternal God hath said— Thou shalt not hear false 
witness against thy neighbor. 

Coolly and deliberately to call the God of all worlds to 
witness and to sanction that which we know to be false, 
or that which we do not know (o bo true : or to induce 
others to do the same, is pro&no, is impious, is Heaven* 
daring, is God-deiying ! O, how dreadful ( how shock* 
ing ! how dangerous for time and eternity, is fal^se 
swearing ! it hardens, the soul against all the impres- 
sions of divine love and fear ; it banishes the influenctr 
of divine grace from our hearts I It dissolves all civil 
compact. Our courts of law ought to render judgment 
according to evidence ; if that' evidence be false, the 
judgment will be false. And as it respects individuals, 
how unjust, how cruel, how abusive is false witness. It 
de|>rives us of life, and of every thing which can make 
life desirable — by it, I have suffered, and by it yeu may 
suffer. No character, no honor, no profession, no prop- 
erty, nothing valuable can- be safe ! Do I see my beloved 
father or mother, do I see a dear brother or a charming 
sister, do I see, O, Ghracious God ! do I see my wife or 
daughter, by perjury and by falsehood, torn fVom my 
bleeding bosom, from every thing honorable, pleasant, 
gay and cheerful ; dragged to a court of Justice, stript 
of honor, character and happiness ) loaded with indeli- 
ble infamy and disgrace ; my fondest hopes are blasted, 
my animatin|^ expectations are cut off, all my comfort is 
gone^ and with unspeakable sorrow and anguish my gray 



hairs ^f^biyght ^dwn to the gray ! and what i« the 
cause ? Ob, it is false swearing and perjury ! Thou fell 
monster of hell ! what hasi thou net done ! Becone, 
ffet thee hence ! begone forever thou child of the deril! 
Wbat.can make anj person appear so perfectly ridicu^ 
louSy hateful and- contemptible, as to be detected in a 
disgraceful, mean lie ? There is not a decent person on 
earth who would* not. resent even the suspicion of it.; 
there is not the meanest scoundrel wbewidksthe streets 
of New-York, or any other place, who would not be 
ashamed of it. Liars aiid hypocrites are to have their 
portion in a bad place, in the lake which bums with fire 
and brimstone f The deril himself iasaid to have been 
a liar from the beginning,and liars and perjured persons 
are children of the devil. I love and pity their souls, 
but I despise their conduct. If it be possible, O, Fa* 
ther in Heaven, to forgive so great, so henious, so de- 
structive, so dii^aceful fins against thee, and against 
all human safety and happiness, look upon them in mer- 
cy, make them sensible of their crimes and bring them 
to repentance, and to a better use of their tongues* 

Let a person posMSs all the wealth of the Indies^ or 
all the gold of Feru : let him be honored with all the 
offices and stations in the power ^ men to .bestow, yet 
if he be destitute of truth, he certainly is rotten at the 
core, he is detestable in the sight of God and man — 
look at him ! see a liar ! a false swearer ! a perjured 
person ! how mean he is ! how despicable ! how dread* 
till ! I advise parents to teach their children, above all 
other qualifications, the love and practice of truth ; 
and to impress their minds, as much as possible, with 
an inward abhorrence and detestation of falsehood and 
misrepresentation. If a person be ever so poor, if mis- 
fortunes surround him on every side, if he be afilioted 
in mind, body and estate, and is overwhelmed in sorrows 
and troubles, yet, if he be a man of truths if what he 
says may be relied on, he will be respected, he will be 
comforted and relieved. We have a silent monitor 
within us, unless, by falsehood and peijury we have 
banished him, and he will inform us what is trttth,.attii: 



what 18 not Inthni esse the word* of Fope are ezeel- 

lenty viz. 



Whftt eoMCNQMaietalef to bt 4mw, 

Or warm me not to do, 
Thb teach me more than hell to thaiy 

'Tbat» more thaa Heaf«n | 



St. Paul 8aje> our rejoicing is this, the teatimonj of a 
good coQSoieace, that in simplicity and godlj sinceritj 
we have had our conversation in the world. But con*, 
science is not an iniaJlihle guide ; how often have I 
conscientiously, and sincerely thought I was right, and 
Afterwards -been convinced that I was wrong ! and even 
. in matters of rdUgion, our consciences are greatly influ- 
enced by education and custom ! Still it is the best guide 
in the world when regulated by the holv scriptures, and 
the best information which we can obtain. O, Almighty 
and Eternal God, make me, and all mankind, I beseech 
thee, at all times, to love those things which thou dost 
conmiand, and to desire those things which thou dost 
promise ; that so, among the sundry and manifold 
changes of the world, our hearts may surely there be 
fixed, where true joys are to be found, through Jesus 
Chtist our Lord. ^ Amen. 
Our Father who art in Heaven, &c 



CHAPTER XVn. 

T^e witnesses testified before the Legislature, and 
their testimony was supported by the testimony of others, 
that Col. Halsey and Dr. Downer, and James Lanman, 
Esq. overpersuaded and hired them to testify against me 
as they did before the court, and that it was not true, 
and they knew it. Now stand still and see the judg* 
ments of Heaven upon tliese wicked men ; in less than 
three years. 

Col Jeremiah Hahey^ who had been a noted lawyer, a 
state's attorney, a man of great property and distinction, 
baa become a poor miserable vagabond » he has had 



.m JIEMOIBS. 

.-the namb palsf, his mouth drawn on one side, he spits 
snd drules : he got drunk, fell from his horse, was taken 
up out of compassion, at Mr. Abel Spicer's, where he lay 
all night, wet the bed and dirtied himself ; his son-*in-law 
turned him out of door, he has not a house to shelter 
his head ; a demand of $^0 was oflTored to me against 
him by a Mr. Kimbal for one of these books — only fifty 
' cents, I would not take it ; and he is now actually a 
town pauper ; he dragged out a miserable existence 
and . Jied on the town. 

' Dr, Avery Dpumer, of Preston, was once a noted phy- 
sician, looked upon to be a man of good' property, well 
respected and promoted in the town. In less than two 
years after I came out of jail, every cent of his proper- 
ty was sold at the post by the sherift* ; he has not 
a shelter of his own to cover his head, and now goes 
from grog-shop to grog-shop, a poor, miserable out- 
east in society, by most of his acquaintances hated and* 
despised. 

Janit8 Lanmanj Esq, was educated in the same College 
and at the same time with me ; he has been a noted 
lawyer, state's attorney, and six years a Senator of the 
U. S. Since these false accusations against me, he has 
been publicly burnt in efSi^y in the city of Hartford, 
hung in efligy in the city of New-London, drowned m 
effigy in Norwich, and publicly whipped in his own per- 
son ! in Norwich landing, by a Mr. Story on this very 
account, in presence of hundreds of his own citizens, 
and not a man to take his part, except his own son, who 
said to him ; Go home, father, for you have more ene- 
mies here than there are bees in a hive. He has been 
refused a seat in Congress, &c. left out of office, and 
I know no man who has become more universally ha- 
ted and despised, by all classes of people, in the town 
where he lives, tlian James Lanman, and it is said he 
' is more than $5,030 worse than nothing, as to property ; 
he has lately married another man's wife, and it is said 
he has got some property by her, which he is spending 
TCry fast. 

Jwigt Chapman^ who conducted the trial, and pronoun- 
ced sentence upon me, soon after sickened, languish- 



•dy died; and id now in his grave ; he never saw a wdl 
day afterwards, and never mi on the bench as Judge 
Jigain. 

Asenath C, Smith, has left the United States, and I do 
not k now^^hat has beoome of her. 

Maria A Smiih, {the euppoaed sister of •Ssenath ; ht- 
€aiuu ^e eirctmistances af her birth were suchy that her 
faiher never vonld own her ; he went to sea and has nevei' 
returned,) after my trial she returned to Springfield, with 
Ira Daniels, (who was very anxious to have me con- 
cdemned,) hiis property was aH attached, his friends had 
•fersaken him, he fled ; she returned to Oriswold, desti- 
•tate, despised and neglected — she then went to the city 
of New- York, and it is said, supported herself at the 
expense of her chastity ; returned to Grotoji, sickly, 
and diseased ; J<Jhn Packer took her part, and took her 
ia, and he has since neglected his own wife and children, 
aind has had a bastard hy his wife's sister. 

Maria — married a poor, drunken fellow, and lives 
very unhappy. 

Sam Wheeler y the negro, has since my trial, been 
convi(tted of breakihg open a store and stealing, in 
Worth Stonington ; and is now justly suffering two years 
imprisonment in Newgate State Prison, at Simsbury 
Mines. 

- John P. Trott, the Foreman of the Jury who pronoun- 
ced me guilty, soon after ray trial, sickened, and lan- 
guished and died, and is now in the grave ! is it noth- 
ing to you, all ye that pass by ? Is it not wonderful, is 
it not astonishing to view and consider the judgments 
of Heaven, which have attended the perpetrators of this 
horrid plan, these persecutors of injured innocence, 
and although they have made me enemies amonc; those 
who will judge a case without examining or knowing it ; 
yet what has become of all these abominable conspira- 
tors. I do not believe that people always receive all 
tkeir punishment in this world ; I am not a universalist, 
yet great plagues remain for the ungodly Elias Brews- 
ter, who was called to support the character of Maria 
and Sam, had an atni'able wife who hung herself the 
very next winter^ and there is hardly an individual among 

15 



J «fc9 *iaf taken part agaiml hm m this case, wlio 
1ms not been obliged io drink the bitter cnp of afflic- 
tion. Look at them ! what arere the/ once ? what are 
Ji^ -low ! 

'. As to mj own c<Hiduct and character, actions speak 
loader than words. I was ordained and settled in the 
aiaie of New -York, and remained there in the' ministrj 
' about tef o. twelve years, and was dismissed after the 
death ot m> wife with great reluctance, and only at my 
own request, and without the least fault found in me. I 
was tbeik settled in Branlbrd, the place where I was 
bom and brought up ; where my parents and grand pa- 
rents lived, and where I had been known from my in- 
£incy, without a dissenting voice or vote ; and with a 
larger salary than they had, at any time, ever given to 
any other clergyman. If there had been any thing in 
my youthful days, against roe, or my family, or my co^ 
nections, would there be no one to lift a hand or stir a 
tongue against my settlement there as a minister } Af- 
ter I had been gone from Ballston about three years, a 
meeting was called and in a congregation of more than 
700 souls, a very unanimous vote was passed (only two 
dissenting votes) for me to return and again beconfife 
their minister, with the same salary I had before, viz. 
£216 a year ; and if there had been any thing against 
me in the county of Saratoga would they want me back 
again ? 

Elisha Miller^ Joseph Von Kirky and EUazer DotoSy in- 
habitants of the county of Saratoga and state of New- 
York, being convened and duly sworn, depose and say, 
that they have been personally and well acnuainted with 
the Rev. Ammi liogers for nearly twenty years last past; 
that they were vestrymen of Chriist's church, in Ballston, 
a great part of the time the said Rogers preached in 
said church, which was about ten or twelve years ; that 
hb general conduct and character were good ; that he 
was dismissed from said church with great reluctance, 
and without the least fault found in him ; that at the 
time they regretted, and still do rtgret, his leaving them : 
and the congregation manifested the same disposition ; 
that aboui three years afler Mr. Rogers left Ballston^ 



\ 



MEfiKMRS. m 

Ihey were present at a very full meeting of the congre* 
gation of said church in Ballston, [the number of souls 
there, belonging to that parish, were then about 700, and 
the number of commuaicants about 2dOJ at which 
meeting a very unanimous vote was [Massed, only two 
dissenting votes, for him to return to Ballston and again 
become their minister \ apd further the deponents say 
not. 

Elisha Miller, Elbazer Dows, 
Joseph Van Kirk. 

Personally appeared Elisha Miller, Joseph Van Kirk, 
and Eleazer Ibws, who subscribed and made solemn 
oath to the truth of the foregoing deposition, indue form 
of law. 

Before me, ADAM COMSTOCK, one of the judg- 
es, &c. 

Messrs, Joshua Bhare J (iny wife's fatl^pr, and John 
i^orcy her brother,) Samuel Hollister, Reuben Smith. 
John Higby, Ira Betts, Levi Benedict and others or 
Ballston, depose, and on their oaths say, that they have 
been personally and well acquainted with the Rev. Am« 
mi Rogers for about twenty years last past; that they 
have severally considered him a faithful minister, and 
remarkably attentive to the several duties of his min- 
isterial office ; that they do respectfully consider him a 
man of truth, of honor, and of strict integrity ; that all 
did, and still do regret his leaving them to reside in an- 
other state ; and that they do not consider him justly lia- 
ble to reproach. 

Subscribed and sworn before 

^dam Comstocky one of the Judges, ifc\ 

In Jewitt City, one mile from the place where the 
crimes charged upon me were said to have been commit- 
ted, in 1817 -; in 1819, twe years afler, the wardens and 
vestrymen of St George's church. Voted unanimously, 
That we are not sensible, neither do we believe, that 
iLTiy blame or misconduct can be justly imputed to Mr. 
Rogers. Signed by Charles Fannifig, John Sckofield, 
Simeon Lathrop, James Burnham, Christopher Avery, 
Enoch Baker, Feleg ¥rv^ and others, wardens and vea* 
irymea - 



m 

MASONIC. 

At a regular Gommunication of Franklin Lojgey 
No. 37y in Ballslon, Couotj of Saratoga, sute of 
New- York, duly convened in their haH, and opened 
in due form, this ^Ist day of Febuary, A. L. 5826, — 
Voted, That the Worshipful Maimer, the Senior and 
Junior Wardens, and Brotners John Monro, Peter Roe, 
and Isaac Johnson, be a committee to inquire into the 
Qonduct. character and standing of our Rev. Brother, 
Ammi Rogers, and to report this evening. 

We, the committee, to whom was refened the case of 
our Rev. Brother Ammi Rogers, respectfully report, 
that after strict trial maA due examination of him, of 
his documents, and of the records of this Lodge, we 
find that in the year of our Lord 17d4, he was regularly 
initiated into the mysteries of freemasonry in this lod^P; 
that he was passed and rabed to the sublime degree of 
Master Mason; and that he now is, and for about thirtj- 
two years last past, has been a member in regular and 
in good standing in this lodge: That from public docu- 
ments, duly attested, and certified by civil authority, 
which we have seen, we are fully in the opinion that 
there has been, in the state of Connecticut, one of the 
nK>st wicked, cruel, and abominable conspiracies, tedemr 
asHcal and citfily formed and executed. against our Broth- 
er Rogers, which ever was formed against any man in 
any country; and that it is the imperative duty of every 
freemason, of every order and degree, to espouse his 
cause: and that his conduct and character in this town 
and county, where he has resided a part of the time, 
and where he has been well acquainted for about 34 
trears last past, is, and uniformly has been, so far as we 
know and believe, good and exemplary, and we hereby 
recommend him as a worthy man, a worthy minister of 
the gospel and a worthy mason. ^ 

Dated Ballston, February 21st, 1826. 

Bbmlev Pbtbrs, JIfawfer. 
^ William S^uNnEts, 8. Warden. 

N. J, SellYj J, FKari^: 



UEMOins. ITS 

- John Monro, Peter Roe, iBaac Johnson, Cominfttee of 
Franklin Lpdge, No. 37. . . 

Voted unanimously y That the foregoing report be ac- 
cepted by this L ;dge, and that the secretary be di- 
rected to furnish Brother Rogers with a certified copy of 
the same. 

Attest, John Miller, ^r.iSiecr^tonf. 

St. John's Lodge in Greenfield, the Lodge in Galway, 
Montgomery Royal Arch Chapter in Stillwater, and ma- 
ay other Lodges and Chapters in the County of Sarato- 
fa and State of New- York, also in Massachusetts and 
khode-Island, took up my case, examined my documents, 
and ailer strict trial and fair examination, gave the ful- 
lest testimonials in my favor^ and their unwavering de- 
termination to. espouse the cause of a much injured, • 
much persecuted, but worthy brother and companion; 
and to them I returned the following 

MASONIC ADDRESS, 

My much beloved and much respected 4>rethren of all 
orders and degrees in Freemasonry, please to accept my 
most sincere thanks for your kind interference in my bo- 
half, and sirffer me to congratulate myself, to congratu- 
late you, and to congratulate the whole world, that there 
Is an institution so ancient, so honorable, so well found- 
ed, and so well calculated to soflen the asperities of hu^ 
man life, to conciliate the affections, and to refine the 
manners of mankind. While in this small, dark world, 
we are by nature poor, and miserable, and blind, and na- 
ked, no beinss more destitute, without clothing or the 
implements of defence, aliens from the commonwealth of 
Israel, without God and without hone in the world. In 
this situation the blessed Sun of Righteousness arises 
with healing in his wings. He proclaims glory to Go A 
in the highest, and on earth peace and good will towards 
men ; and I heard a voice saying unto me, ask and ye. 
shall receive, seek and ye shall fiiid, knock and it shall 
be opened unto you : so that a way is now- provided fov^ 
our admission into the blessed sciciety of saints in light 
Though now, while in this small dark world we may be 
15* 



174 ItEMOIRS. 

poor, and blind, and naked ; yet if we are prepared m 
oar hearts, if we divest ourselves of M self-rishteous- 
ness, of all confidence in the flesh, or m our own accora- 
plishments or abilities j we may seek for admittance into 
this heavenly kingdom, and by being led by this Sun of 
Righteousness, who is our Friend, and whom we shall 
soon find to be our Elder Brother and Redeemer, we 
may boldly knock at the door of divine grace, and it shall 
be opened unto us ; we may seek the light of this heav- 
enly kingdom and we shall find it, we may ask to have 
and receive part of the benefits of this kingdom, and we 
shall have them. But let it never be forgotten that as 
Ihe disciples were pricked in ihe heart when St. Peter 
first preached to them this kingdom, so we must all feel 
in our naked breasts that torture which should be a 
shield to our faith, a prick to our conscience, and which 
will be certain death if we resist or do despite fo this 
spirit of grace ; this is sharper than a two edged sword, 
and must not be resisted : But we, my brethren, must 
be animated by the spirit of the living God, we must be 
led by Jesus Christ, our friend and brother, and in the ' 
presence of the all-seeing eye of God, and before the 
throne of divine grace, we must upon our bended knees, 
pray for the guidance and direction of Him who is inii« 
ilitely wise : then as we put our trust in God, our faith 
will be well founded, we may arise and fbllow Jesus 
Christ our leader, and fear no danger. We maymieet ' 
with opposition from the darkness of the- west ; the vio- 
lence of the south may oppose us ; yet by putting our 
trust in God, and following the counsels and directions 
of his Son, that invaluable Friend of human kind, we 
may go all around, and round, and round tlie world, and 
fbar no danger ; we shall be taught to take the steps of 
the Gospel, we shall, upon the right angle and square of 
our work, upon our bended knee make our vow of obe- 
dience to the God of heaven ; we $haU then be In'ought 
mUofihe darkneiarf nature ut/o iike tnoBt astonishing light 
rfthe Crospel ! We shall then clearly see, that as the 
jian rules, governs and enlightens the. day, as the moon 
rules, governs and enlightens the mgkt^ so the Son of 
Ood rules, governs and enlightens Ais tkwrch. We shall 



HSMoiits. m 

then see the great light of Grod's holj word in all its 
beauty and richness, to rule and govern our faith ; we 
shall see that, which will keep us within due bounds with 
all men, but especiaHy with those who have obtained 
the like precious faith with ourselves. We shall see 
that which will square all our actions, by teaching us 
that noblest and best of all rules, to do io others as we 
toould have them to do to ns in like circwnstances ; we shall 
see the necessity of using the Christian gavel of affection 
to knock off every turbulent passion, and every rough 
comer of the human heart. We shall see the scythe of 
time eutting down all before it ; we shall obiserve the 
hour glass and the twenty four inch guage. 

This will teach us, that as entered apprenHces in the 
work of our God, we m«lst be shod with the preparation 
of the Gospel of peace ; that we iilust be clothed with 
tte badge of innocence ; and if we thus stand, with our 
loins girt and. our lamps burning ; if we learn to have 
our conversation right, and to do as we should do, and 
to speak as we should speak ; we may then by special 
favor obtain more light ; we may then pass on to be fel 
hw laborers ofnd fellokf crafts in the work of the Gospel; 
as workers together with me, saith St. Paul. We shall 
then see that without fftith it is impossible to please God; 
by our faith and sincere obedience we shall have hope 
^ to enjoy the eternal and all glorious Godhead for ever 
and ever ; we shall have charity, the noblest and great- 
est of all christian graees ; by this we shall love God 
supremely, and our neighbor as ourselves. We shall 
remember what we once were, and have compassion for 
our brethren: we shall love as brethren, be kind, be pit* 
iful^ be courteous; not rendering evil for evil, or raihn^ 
for railing; but contrary wise, blessnig. S^that in that 
temple which is founded upon the RtKskof Age»*^which 
stands upon wisdom, strength, and beauty; we shall 
possess faith, hope wad charity. In fAtrU we shall de« 
pend upon the mercy and directioti of God through 
Christ; wo shall, in the ble^ed ko^ft of the Gospel^ 
oheerfuUy meet the scythe ef titne^ we shftU lie down 
in the silent grave, that we may awake in the glorioiui 
Horn of the resurr^tion. Jm OBAttrrr we smill iotti 



--nc MfiMoras. 

God and all his creatures ; with the trowel of charitjT 
we shall smooth overall their words and all their actions, 
we shall be unwilling to think ill, unwilling to speak ill, 
unwilling to do ill, to any one ; but we phall be perfect- 
ly joined together in the same mind, and in the same . 
judgment, and there will be no divisions among us. O^ 
blessed God ! what a happy time will this be ; and thus 
may we be raised to the sttblime degree of mctster builders 
in the spiritual temple of our God. 

Conspiracies may be'formed against us; ruffians may 
assault us and lay violent hands upon us; the world may 
cast us out as rubbish ; they may heave us over their pale 
of charity ; we may wander about in goat skins and 
sheep skins, destitute, afflicted, tormented ; we may be 
stoned and sawn asunder ; the violence of our enemies 
may smite us to the ground; yetif tee maintain our integ' 
rityy the vine, the myrtle and the cassia, shall grow 
from our grieve. Though in the Patriarchal religion : 
O Lord and my God ! the flesh may be rotten and cleave 
from the bone ; yet, in the Jewish religion, there is mar- 
row in the bone ; and in the Christian^ life and immor- 
tality are brought to light, the strong grip of the Lion of 
the tribe of Judah, who. is Jesus Christ himself, who is 
the resurrection and the life, will raise up our dead bod- 
ies and fashion them like unto his own most glorious 
body, according to the mighty working whereby he is 
able to subdue all things unto himself < 

As. Jesus Christ, who is the resurrection and the life, 
and in whom alone there is peace and safety, is called in 
scripture, the righteous branch ; as he declares of him- 
self, that he is the true and living vine ; as the dove re« 
turned to Noah^s Ark with a green Olive branch in her 
mouth, in token that the flood was over, and that there 
was peace and safety on earth ; so we, when called upon 
the melancholy task of depositing the dead bodies of our 
brethren in the grave, deposit with them greeiv boughs, 
in token, and in the blessed hope of peace^^afety and 
immortality to them. So that in the masonic order, foun- 
ded upon the great, eternal I AM, who said let there 
be light, and there was light ; founded also upon the 
great light of God's word; if our heartSi like those of 



David an4 JoatithaiL, be knit together in pure loye and 
mcere friefidship: if our C0ust»ncy be such that we can 
truly say with the holy Job, though he slay me yet will I 
tntsi in him, I will not depart mine integrity f though 
meo should heave us over the walls of this world as use- 
less mentbetrs of society, as mere rubbish ; though they 
should kill us, yet we trust, we have that within us, which 
ean never die ; our bodies shall be. raised up in the last 
day, and oilr ftames shall be written on that chief white 
corner stone which the builders in this world did refuse 
•—on which will be a new nume written, which none can 
read, except those who have learnt. 

But, ray brethren, while we are in the world, we must 
use the world, and the things of the world, as not abus- 
ing them ; aa we fa$t by, we must comimt to faithful 
men, those who have been tried and found irustvy worthy 
and well qualified ; those useful ordinances and instruc- 
tions, which God has given for the good of his people. 
We must all be fellow-laborers in the vineyard of our 
God ; we must work and labor while it is called to-day, 
and be contented with our wages ;. or else^ mark well 
what I say ! mark wdl, my brethren^ we may loose 
our reward, just in the very moment when we expect to 
receive it ; for there is a time coming tchen all impoatersy 
hinoeritea ani dtcewera ahsM be detected and brought to 
light. It will then be, that not every one that saith 
Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of Heaven ; 
but he that doeth the will of my father who is in Heav- 
en ; so that in the great work of charity, we must al- 
ways be ready and willing to step a foot out of our way to 
help a brother, to bend a knee in prayer to God for him, 
to have a breast to feel for his woes and to keep his se- 
crets, to lend him a hand to support him in all his right- 
eous undertakings, or else to warn hira of his danger 
and help him out of difficulty, and to have an ear to hear 
his complaints. 

These are some oi^the great duties of hun^n life^these 
frre some of that most excellent workmanship, which 
even the queen of Sbeba might admire, and exclaim as 
she did when she saw them, and unless we will comply 
with them, this may be the condemnation;^ that lig;ht has 



t78 UfiMOtlUI. 

come into the wotld, and we have loved darkness rather 
than light ; that though we hare heen the children of 
light, yet we have not walked as such. Then, when the 
great and dreadful day shall come, when the high arch, 
of Heaven shall be disclosed, when G<»d himself shall 
speak in thunder from Mount Sinai, and the earth shall 
shake terribly ; when the bush shall burn with -^fire, and 
the lightning shall flash from one side of Heaven to the 
other, and the thunder of God shall roll and roar, and 
the whole earth shall be summoned to stand before the 
grand Council of Heaven ; we not having holiness to 
tne Lord, either engraven in our hearts, or written oq 
our foreheads, the most excellent King will sit in - judg' 
ment against us, the great High Priest of our profes* 
sion will cast us out, and consign us to the lower vaults 
of the earth ; and the Holy Ghost, the Grand Scribe 
of HEAVEN, will record that the will of God is 
done. 

But on the other side, if we will give ourselves np to 
the guidance and direction of God^s ever blessed spirit, 
which we^houldahvays pray for and seek for ; if we will 
walk by the lights given to us ; if we will bear in mind 
the jewels and badges of our order ; if we will mind and 
regulate ourselves by the plum line, the square, the 
^ampassu the level/ the gavel, the trowel, &c, Judah 
and Benjamin may assault us, venomous beasts may fall 
.upon us, but they cannot hurt us ; if we will walk by 
the important lights of our order, we may find an en- 
campment of saints in light. The road may be long; the 
path may be hard and rugged; we may be beset by Jews, 
Turks and in^dels, yet if we fight manfully the christian 
warfare, we shall come off conquerors, and more than con- 
querors, our lighU never shall be extinguished; but in the 
peaceful encampment of Sir Kt. Templar and Saints 
above,we shall drink new wine, in that precious cup, made 
without hands; we shall find the Rock of Ages, Him who 
is the hope .of all the ends of the earth. Then in the 
blissful presence of God, we shall see the four and twen- 
ty elders, consisting of twelve Patriarchs and twelve 
Apostles, all falling down and worshipping before the 



HEMOIRS. 

throne of God, and their lights chining forth for ever 
and ever, as ihe stars in the firmaneot of Heaven ? 

Without pursuing the subjoct further at present, let 
ns all be reminded of our hich and mighty vocations, as 
Christians and as Masons, wherewith we are called ! O 
how careful ought we all to be, to aiorn in all things the 
doctrine of God our Saviour ; to knock off every turbu- 
lent passion, and ever^ rough corner of our hearts ; to 
curb every unholy desire, every licentious thought, and 
to square all our thoughts, words and actions, by the 
great light of God's word, which, as Masons and as 
Christians, should ever be open before us. O, let us re- 
member at all times, and in all places, our jewels, our 
badges, our obligations, and encourage in all our hearts 
and lives, all the workings of that divine sympathy, which 
gives to humanity so many charms. What can produce 
jnore real, substantial bliss, than the influence of that 
charity which as Christians and as Masons we are bound 
to encourage ; a consciousness of soothing the discon- 
. solate, befriending the destitute, assisting the fatherless 
and the widows, relieving oppressed virtue from contempt, 
disburdening the overcharged heart of its sorrows, wip- 
ing, with a leni ent hand, the cold sweat from the brow 
of affliction in every species of human distress — blessed 
God, what a noble employment, happy, yea, thrice hap- 
py are you my brethren, who know by experience that a 
series of geneious actions is a source of the most sub- • 
lime happiness and satisfaction that can be felt, on this 
side of Heaven ! Yes, the blessings of those who are 
ready to perish, shall forever rest upon your heads ; and 
their daily wishes and prayers in your behalf, shall as- 
cend, like a fragrant column of incense before the 
throne of God, and meet with an honorable acceptance 
with him. And is masonry a fraternity to encourage, to 
promote and to heighten every social grace and every 
Christian virtue ? is it a society to draw nearer, and still 
nearer the cords of affection ? is it an institution calcu- 
lated to befriend the poor, to espouse the cause of injur- 
ed innocence, to repel the shaAs of slander, to reinstate 
the insulted dignity, to receive into the arms of love ano 
affection every worthy, persecuted, injured brother, ano 



19 MEtfOfltS. 

le Telieve the waaCfl Qf'tfae aeedyt Hail it then ! O, hall 
it, blessed of the Lord. I coogratolate mjself/I congrat- 
ulate jon, I eongraltulate ihe whole world on the estab- 
tkhnieftt of a sbciety, not abo^re, i>at next to the religion 
lef Heaven, the most ancient, the most honorable, the 
fBost asefuly'the most loving, and by those who are most 
acquainted with it, the most beloved among the children 
of cnen. 

But while we are thus congratulating ourselves, let us 
remember that it is appointed unto all men, once to die. 
Our fathers and the phrophets, where are they ? Let us 
ever remember and pay the tribute of respect to the 
virtues of our departed brethren who have gone before 
us. Where is Washington, Warren, and Montgomery ? 
where is Franklin, Jefferson, and Clinton, ^ those ever 
respected friends and patrons of our order ! And O, how 
many dear brethren, whose charming company graced 
our social circles, have departed this life, since I first 
had the honor of being a mason ? My Lord and my 
God ! do their lights no longer shine among us ? is their 
glass oat ? has the scythe of time cut them down ? has 
the level evened them with the ground ? and is there no 
brother's widow, or orphan children, looking to us for 
ecnsolatiou, to whom we can extend the hand of charity 
and friendship ? into whose bleeding wounds we can 
pour the wine and oil of comfort, while we forget not. the- 
corn of relief ? Remember that we ourselves must also 
soon die4(; the scythe will cut us down, the level will 
even us with the ground, and we must leave our families 
and friends to those who shall come after us ; we shall 
be taken from our beloved fraternity, and from society. 
Ht>w solemn ! how awful ! how interesting is the event 
to which I turn your attention ! Does it remind us that 
there is neither age nor station that can free us from the 
unwelcome approach of death ? Die We all must ; it is 
the last debt of nature. Let us then all be prepared for 
that which we know to be so inevitably certain. May 
we ever be mindful of the All-seeing Eye of God. 
May we keep our hands clean and our hearts pure. 
May the jewels and badges of our order never be 
tarnished. And, may we, my brethren, being wash- 



MEMOIRfii, 181 

ed in the blood of the Lamb, be presented pure and spotless 
before th^ throne of God. Amen, so moji£ it be. 
. The Rev. Ammi Rogers, A. M. was the^son of 
Thomas Rogers, of Branford, Conn, who was the son of 
Josiah Rogers, of Branford, vjho was the flon of 
Josiah Rogers, of Branford, who wa« the son of 
.Josiah Rogers, of Huntington, L. I. N. Y- who was the son of 
John Rogers, of Dedham, in England, who was the son of « 
Noah Rogers, of Exeter, in England, wh6 was the son of 
JOHN ROGERS, a Minister of the Church of England, 
aod Lecturer on Divinity in St Paul's Church, in Lon- 
don, burnt by the Roman Catholics, in Smithfieid, on 
the 14th day of February, 1664, Old Style. 

• MAYOR'S OFFICE, Sandusky City, > 
State. of Ohio. 3 
This may certify that the Rev. Ammi Rogers has, Uurrng his stay in 
our town, after laying bifore us his Letters of Orders, as a cler- 
gyman of the Episcopal Church, and other satisfactory testimonials of 
his good moral character, performed divine service and preached five 
times in the EpiscoPAii Church in tRis \i\ae%i to crowded eongre- 

f actions, much to their gratification and edificfition ; and I doubt not 
ut those in other places, who. may enjoy the pleasure of listening to 
the Rev. Gentleman, wilt most cordially and sincerely respond to thisr 
expression of my opinion of the Rev. Mr. Rogers, as a preacher. 
Given undent my hand, and the Official Seed of send Cffiee, this iSth 
JDee. 1642. JOHN N. SLOAN, [L. S.} 

Mayor of the Toum of Sandusky. 
Town of Fairfield, Huron County^ Ohio, > . 
Feb. 1,1848. 3 ' 
We certify that the Rev. Ammi Rogers has made it bi6 home, and* re- 
sided a part of the time for four or five months last past in^his place* 
during which time he has performed divine service and preached here, 
and in the. neighboring towns and counties ; and as we are informed, 
and as we fully believe, to large congregations, much to their gratifi- 
cation and edification, and we do most cordially and sincerely unite 
with his Honor the Mayor of Sandusky in saying that those in other 
places who may enjoy the pleasure of listening to the Rev. Gentleman, 
will freelv and fully unife in the same opinion. We certify, from pur 
personal knovvledge and acquaintance, and from undoubted testimony, 
that we do consider the Rev. Ammi Rogers to be a clergyman of the 
Episcopal Church, In good standinfr, anr of a good moral character. 
Signed, AMBROSE - SMITH, M. D. . 

HORACE M. MOULTON, P. M. 
HOSE A B. PE ARCE, Justice of the Peace. 
ABIJAH BENSON, 
WALTER HO YT» 
SAMUEL PENFIELD, 
JOHN WAKEMAN, and dhert. 



m REUGION. 

A 8ERMOX OJf MARRIAGE, 

Genesis "Id Chnpter, ISth verse. 
And the Lord God said it is not good that man should 
be alonCy I will make him an help meet for him. 
Beloved Fellow Chrislians. — ^ 
In the beginning God created all things by the word 
of his power. The stupendous fal^ic of the universe was 
reared out of nothing, and the mighty work of creation 
was finished : But in the great plan there was one defi- 
ciency. For Adam there was not found -an help meet 
for him. The earth with all its beauty, with all its gran- 
deur, and with all its productions ; the hearens with all 
their glories and with all theij inffuences ministered to 
the service -and to the pleasure of man ; but all this 
availed but little, while there was no creature of his own 
species to whom he could communicate his thoughts^ 
and with whom he could share his happiness. This de- 
fect was quickly perceived and instantly supplied by the 
gracious Creator of the world and of our first Parents 
And the Lord God said, that it is not good that man 
should be fdoiie ; I will make an help meet for him. 
And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Ad- 
am and he slept : and he took one of his ribs, and closed 
up the flesh instead thereof : and the rib which the 
Lord God had t«ken from man, made he a woman and 
brought her to the man. And Adam said, this is now 
bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh : she shall be 
called woman because she was taken out of man. 
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, 
and shall cleave unto his^ wife, and they two shall be one 
flesh. 

From this I infer that the single man is only partially 
blessed at best, and that he who (indeth a good wife (ind- 
eth a good thing and shall And favor of the Lord. I say 
a good wife, such as Eve was when God brought her 
lo Adam ; and such a wife as one of her amiable daugh- 
ters now is, who is renewed by the grace and adorned 
k^ the virtues of the glorious gospel of Jesus Christ. 
To represent to you some of the advantages which a 



REUGION. 18a 

man derives ftotn.a virtuous and good wife ; and to sug- 
gest some piactical hints, for the regulation of the ^con-* 
duct of the single and married of both sexes In relation 
to marriage, shall be the subject of this discourse. O, 
Almighty and Eternal God, I beseech thee to illumi- 
nate my understanding, to guard me . from all error, to 
lead me into all truth, to enable me to say something 
from the words of jny text to thy honoc and for the ben- 
efit of thy people, " ' _ . 

1st, then I say a good wife will help to educate, 
your children, 2d, she will improve and increase your 
estate, 3d, she will augment all yqur joys, 4th, she will 
alleviate all your sorrows, and 5th, she will help to se- 
cure your eternal salvation. 

First, a good wife will help to educate your children, 
and education on the part of the mother commences 
from the very moment tn?it she has a prospect of being 
a mother ; and the care x)f her. own health is the first 
duty which she owes to her .child ; and on this prospect 
how greatly is her vcdue enhanced ! Her existence is 
multiplied, her duration is extended — a man child is at 
length born into the world — and what helper so meet, 
for the glad father, in rearing the tender babe as the 
mother who bare him ? there are offices which- she, and 
only she, can per form:. there are afiections which she, and 
only she, can feel ; and there are difhculties which she^ 
and only she, can surmount. The dawning of reason 
appears; the solicitude of a father awakes; what a task is 
imposed upou him ! but he is not lefl to perform it 
alone. The Lord God has provided him an help meet 
for him, one prompted by duty, one drawn by affection, 
one trained by experience to assist him in the — - 
" Delightful task to, rear the tender tbooght, 
" To teach tlie young idea how to shoot,. 
** To pour the fresh instruction o*er the mind, 

** To breatbQ the enlivening spirit, and to fix 
" The generous purpo<ie in the glowing brcast.% 

In the more advanced stages of education, after the 
pupil is removed from under the maternal wing, of what 
assistance to the father^ of what importance to the child, 
are <he delicate ideas, tlie tender counsels of a wise and 



164 REU6ION. 

virtuous woman I it 19 to he hoped that a child trained 
up in the yfay in which he should go, by a tender moth- 
er, will never depart fronr it. But should the impulse of 
youthful passion lead him astray from the holy command- 
nent, what means would be so likely to reclaim him as 
the recollection of a mother's feelings, and the consid- 
eration of her pious lessons t 

In the education of her own sex, the. mother seems 
to be m9re than a help meet for man. 'The trust chiefly, 
if not entirely devolves (ipon her, and where could it be 
disposed of so well? Tlie knowledge which she^has of 
herself, her experience of the world, and her maternal 
affections are all that she needs to qualify her for this 
arduous undertaking. A mother only can enter into the 
feelings, the weaknesses and the necessities of a young 
female, just entering on an utiknown, a varying, a tem- 
pestuous and dangerous ocean of human life, for she re- 
members how she herself felt and feared,what she needed, 
how she was relieved, assisted and carried through ; 
and to a roolher only c'dn a young female impart the 
numberless, nameless anxieties which every step she 
takes in life must necessarily excite. When she con- 
Terses with her mother she only thinks aloud. The gooo 
•onduct of a mother is one of the loveliest patterns of 
Tirtue,' and the hope of a -mother's applause is, next to 
Grod's approbation, the most powerful motive to imitate it. 
The superiority of female to male youth in respect of 
morals is clearly dcducible from the larger share which 
the mother has in their common education. Behold 
then how. much help man derives from a good wife in 
the education of their common offspring ! and what pity 
then is it that, without great necessity, it should ev^r he 
consigned to less skilful, less affectionate and less suc- 
.cessful hands ! 

Sd. A good wife will help to improve and increase - 
your estate. No man ever prospered much in the world 
without the consent and co-operation of his wife ; let him 
be never so frugal, never so regular, so industrious, so 
successful, so intelligent : all goes for nothing if his 
wife is profuse, disorderly, indolent, or unfaithftil to her 



RELIGION. ^ IS^ 

trust. By mu^h slothfulness. the building decayeth, and 
t^uough idleness of the hands the house droppethjthrough. 
ButOj how. good a thing it is, and how pleasant, when 
the grtfecious intentions of God and of nature are fulfil- 
led ; with what spirit and perseverance will a man labor 
*n his vocation when he knows that his earnings will be 
faithfully disposed of and carefully improved : with what 
confidence does he resort to his study, to his trade, to 
his iarm, to his merchandize; he will Qy over the land, 
and over the sea, >he will meet difficulty and danger, if 
he has an assurance that he is not spending his time and 
strength in vain: that all is well and safe at home : that 
indulgent heaven has crowned all his other blessings with 
an help meet for him, a discreet manager of his estate, 
a fellow laborer with him from a sense of duty, from in- 
terest and affection. This is the portrait of a good wife 
drawn by the inspiration of God in 31st chapter of Pro- 
verbs which I sincerely reconi'mend to be attentively 
read by each female in my parish, and in the world, at 
least once in every week, and may heaven bloss you, 
my fair hearers in the resemblance. 

3d. A good wife will augment all your joys. The Her- 
mit, the solitary, the single man is only half blest at best. 

" Nature in zeal for human amity 

** Denies or damps all imdivided joys. 

** Joy files monopoUsts : it calls for tvro, 

" Rich fieuit ! Heaven planted; never pluck'd by one, 

** Needful auxiliarios are our wives to give 

•* To social man true relish of himself/* 

or of any thing else in the Universe. Alone, man feels a 
double weight in all his afllictions iK^hile he only half enjoys 
the blessings of life. To enjoy the comforts of life with 
a full relish, man must have a companion, he must have 
a friend, he must be married, he must have a wife ; her 
company, her conversation, her affection, will add flavor 
to the most delicious viands ; improve the beauty of the 
most delightful prospects ; give vivacity to the social 
circle ; tranquility to solitude ; music to groves ; IVa- 
' grance to flowers ; brightness to the firmament ; and 
splendor to the sun ! social happiness ; true and essen- 
tial social happiness resides only in the bosom of love 



186 veilGtiXf. 

and in the arms of friendship, AiFectiqnate intercouiM 
produces an inexhaustable fpnd of delight; it is the per- 
ennial sunshine of the soul. With what anxiety then 
should we endeavor to find an amiable being with whom 
we may form a tender tie, a close attachment, who maj 
inspire us with unfading bliss and receive an incre&se of 
happiness from our endearments and attention ! O how 
greatly do such connections increase the kind and benev- 
olent afibctions of the human heart! how greatly do such 
dispositions, while they lead the mind to the enjoyment 
of domestic happiness, awaken all the virtues, and call 
forth all the best . and strongest energies of the mind. 
Deprived of the chaste and^endearing sympathies of Love, 
the species would sink into gross sensuality or mute in- 
difference, they would 6e^tect the improvement of their 
faculties and renounce all anxiety to please. But inci- 
ted by love, the sexes cultivate their faculties, every in- 
tellectual energy is called' ini^o action : and by endeav- 
oring to promote the happiness of others, they secure 
^eir own. 

4th. A good wife will help to alleviate all your 
afflictions. It is pleasant to have a companion in 
solitude, an assistant in labor, a fellow partner in jay : 
but human life contains varieties, painful as well as plea- 
sant — sorrow, pain, solieitude, and disappointment 
enter into* the history of man ; and he is bnt half provi- 
ded for the voyage of life who has found an associate 
for his happier days, .only, while for his <3ays of 
darkness and distress, no sympathizing partner, 
no help meet is prepared. But the provident care 
, of the Almighty meets every lawful wish, every real 
want of man : and in bestowing on him a com- 
panion for his youth, a sharer in his /elicityj-^a partner 
in his property, heaven wa» securing for him, at a dis- 
tance, a friend in old age, a solace in affliction, a part- 
ner in want, a friend that sticketh closer than a brother. 
Is the Husband persecuted ? does he incur censure 
where he hoped for applause ? does he provoke op- 
position, where he hoped for co-operation ? is his good, 
evil spoken of ? does envy shoot at him her fiery darts ? 



does calamny spread over him her monster figiired man- 
tle, does slander raise aloud her opprobrious voicOy and 
malice scar him with her insidious bo4ts ? where shall 
he fly for an asylum ? to whom shall he repair for re* 
pose ? let hhn retire to the sanctuary of his own dweU 
ling, let him flee to the bosom of his own wife : and 
though the whole world should be shut against him, she 
will feceive him with open arms : though the whole 
world should frown upon him, she will receive him with 
a smile. With affectionate assiduity she will remove ev-. 
ery object from his eye, every sound from his ear, every 
impression from his memory which is calculated to in* 
crease the painflil sensibilities of hi^. heart. She will 
strive by • her canvei^ati<tn to divert, by her smiles to 
cheer, and by her caresses to soothe him. She will re- 
mind him of the Father of mercies and the God of all 
consolation : by her influence she will draw him to the 
throne of divine grace : if he cannot pray for the an- 
guish of his spirit, she will pray for him ; and having 
found mercy for what is past and obtained grace to help 
in time of need, he will be able to rejoice in persecution 
for righteousness sake, knowing that great will be his re- 
ward in Heaven. 

Is he afHicted in body f is he wasting with pining 
sickness, or groaning under excruciating pain? his aiTec- 
tionate partner will attend him in the double capacity of 
nurse and physician — with what patience will she sit by 
him from evening to morning ! with what sympathy will 
she endeavour to alleviate the acuteness of his pain ! 
with what tenderness will she strive to sooth him to 
beneficial repose ! how easy the bed which she soflens, 
how reviving the cordial which she mingles I how po- 
tent the medicine which she administers ! and oh, how 
sweet the return of health after sickness when the help- 
meet for him has been the means of its restoration. 

5th. A good wife will help to secure your eterncal salva- 
tion. Is.the husband Walking in the way of righteousness, 
Alas ! in the world he will meet with many temptations 
to depart from it, from which she, as a woman, is exemp- 
ted, she can spend more hours in converse with Heaven 
and with God while he is obliged to attend to the earthly 



Xi^ KEUG10N. 

e^t; eh of his farm, his merchandize, or his trade. Bat 
hei Citemptions and her advantages will serve the better 
to <4»ialify her to become the help meet for her husband 
in th^ important interests of his soul and of eternity. 
Her creep and undisturbed communion with God will be 
improved in his behalf : the fruit of her retirement and 
leisure, her reading and reflection will be modestly ap- 
plied to the important purposes of directing -him in per- 
plexily and succouring him in temptation. Is he unhap- 
pily led astray from the path of rectitude, the steady ia- 
fluence of her mild, geptle unostentatious piety, like a 
friendly angel will beckon him to return to the way of 
peace and r M pleasure ; and will probably prevail 
when all other means have lost their effect. The inspira- 
tion of God says — ye wives be in subjection to your 
own husbands,, that if any obey not the word, they also 
may without the word, be won by the conversation of 
the wives, while they behold your chaste conversation 
coupled with fear. Does the Husband embrace and 
hold fastthe blessed hope of everlasting life ! this hope 
will be greatly enhanced by the animating prospect of 
enjoying it forever in hpr company, his piety will become 
:jnore ardent by being social, they will take sweet coun- 
sel and go to the house of God together in love, they 
will lift up. their hearts and / their voices together in the 
prayers and praises of the church, they will dwell togeth- 
er as heirs of the grace of life, that their prayers may 
not be hindered, and whatsoever they agfee to ask con- 
cerning the salvation of their souls it shall be granted 
them by their common Father who is in Heaven. In 
these respects and in many more which might be mention- 
ed, a good wife is really a help meet for her husband, 
she is a great blessing to him. 

I proceed now, as was proposed, to suggest a few 
practical hints to the single and married oC both sexes in 
relation to marriage. And first, This subject simply but 
very clearly unfolds the nature of woman, her station, 
her duty, her use, and the end for which she was made. 
It raises her to her proper rank and importance, and in- 
structs her how most effectually to support them. It 
forbids her to aspire after rule : it secures for her afTec- 



iR£Ltai6N. 189 

tioa and respect, for how is it possible for us to hate and 
' despise that which God and nature have made so essen- 
tial to our happiness. If the intention of the Creator 
be attended to, the respective claims and duties of the 
sexes will be settled in a single moment, and an end 
will be forever made to all unprofitable discussions of 
superiority and' inferiority, of authority and subjection in 
those whose destination and duty it i» to be mutually 
helpful, attentive and affectionate. For only observe 
i^nd remember and consider that woman was made of the 
rib of man — she was not taken out of'Tiis head to rule 
over him, she was not taken out of his feet to be tram- 
pled under foot by -him ; but she was taken from bis side 
to be his equal, from near his heart to be beloved by him, 
and from under his arm, to be protected by him ; and 
for this reason Ihe Episcopal Church directs that in mar- 
riage the man shall always stand on the right hand and 
the woman on the left hand and it is very reasonable and 
proper, that when<Dver a man and woman, but especially n 
husband and wife appear together,- or walk together, 
that the man should take the woman under his lefl arm 
as the nearest and dearest object of all his earthly affec- 
tions, and that his right arm should be atli1>6rty Ito guard 
her, to support her, to defend her, and to protect 
her. 

2d. . Young ^omen, this subject speaks to you, you 
see what is your earthly destination; it is to be helpmeets 
for man, keep this object steadily in view, let it direct 
you from your earliest days of reason, in the employment 
of your time, in the cultivation of your talents, in the 
improvement of your hearts, and in the formation of 
your manners— ^let it influence you in regard to the books 
you read, the principles you imbibe, the models you imi- 
tate, that by the grace of God you may qualiQr your- 
selves to be helpmeets for those who shall be your hus- 
bands—able to train up their children in the way they 
should go — ^to share their prosperity with moderation — 
to alleviate their afflictions by sympathetic tenderness — 
to improve their temporal interestsby your wisdom and 
your care — and to promote their eternal salvation by 
10 ur example and prayers. Ever keep in mind, my fair 



IM REUGIOPr. 

joung hearers that the proper and peculiar sphere of 
good womea and good wives is the retired vale of doines- 
tic life^study to exjcel thr.n rather in the useful,than in the 
ornamental qualities of the female character. Remem« 
her now your Creator in the days of your youth, and as 
the only basis of real, uniform, persevering, personal 
and relative virtue and happiness, endeavor to have your 
hearts established with grace in a reasonahle religion. 

.3d. Young men, this subject speaks to you. Mar- 
riage is honorable in all and the bed.unde filed, but whore- 
mongers and aduhexeirs God will judge ! say not that it 
is good for a man to be alone ! the Lord God says it is 
not, and who art thou that replieth against God.^ The 
practice of cejibacy is one of the crying sins of our age 
and of our country, and is equally unfriendly to religion, 
unfriendly to good morals, unfriendly to public spirit, and 
unfriendly to human comfort. He who says or lives as 
if he thought it were good for man to be alone gives the 
lie to his maker, he sins against the constitution of na- 
ture, dishonors his parents, defrauds another of one of 
the justest rights of humanity, and that too in a case 
where she cannot complain — and he exposes himself to 
commit crimes which I should be ashamed to mention. 
But in making choice of a partner for life : what need 
is there of prudence, of advice of your best friends and 
particularly of your parents and the direction of Heaven. 
In taking to yourselves wives, you- are forming ft con- 
nexion which nothing but death can honorably dissolve, 
you are entailing on yourselves the worst, the greatest 
earthly curse, or receiving the best, the sweetest, the 
richest temporal blessings which Heaven can bestow ! 
Guard then against the charms of external beauty, the 
brilliancy of wit and the enchantments of wealth. Con- 
sider her education, consider the ' disposition of her 
heart, the qualities of her mind, her domestic accom- 
plishments, and above all consider her piety, favour is 
deceitful and beauty is vain, but a^ woman that feareth 
the Lord shall be praised, her price is above rubies, the 
heart of her husband doth safely trust in her and she shall 
do him good and not evil all the days of his life. 

4th. Wives, this subject speaks to you : it tells you 



RtlLIGION. IN 

that you are not to hinder your husbands, but to help 
» them. A lazy, sluttish, wasteful, contentious, imperious, 
inconstant, unfaithful wife is one of the greatest misfor- 
tunes that can"" fall to the lot of any man. . I pity him 
from the bottom of my heart ! unfortunate man ! unhap* 
py man ! his- wife, instead of ati helpmeet, instead of 
the best, the richest, the sweetest of all blessings which 
Heaven could bestow, she is shackles on his feet, she is 
palsy to his hands, she is a burden on his shoulders, she 
id smoke in his eyes, she is vinegar m his teeth, she - is. 
a thorn in his side, she is- a dagger in his heart, and 
good God ! tvhat is she not !* O ye. wives ! consider 
how much yourhusbands hav« honored you, by choosing 
you in preference to all others, to be their bosom, their 
best, their conBdential friends, to take charge of their 
houses, their children, their property and their happiness, 
till death shall dissolve the.tender,the solemn, the impor- 
tant connexion. Consider how much they do and how 
much they suffer for your maintenance audxsemfort. While 
you are easy, and safe at home, they are exposed to ten 
thousand, thousand dkngers and hardships, by sea and by 
land, in the summer's sultry heat, in the winter's piercing 
cold ; confined to the receipt of custom, immured with 
in the walls of the study, buried in the boVi^els of the earth, 
tossed on the tempestuous ocean, bleeding In the field of 
war, indefatigable in their profession, tradej or occupation 
by night and by day ; and what is the chief temporal re- 
ward which they expect for all their toil, all their troub- 
le «and all their danger ? it is the obedience, it is the 
fidelity and it is the affection of their wives. Consider 
how strongly these duties are recommended in the scrip- 
tures : consider how solemnly you promised them in the 
church, or in the presence of God and of your friends, 
before the minister, before the altar on -your wedding 
dd^yl and afler all, will you be froward) will you be peev- 
ish, will you be sullen, will you be ill-natured, will you 
be unfaithful or neglectful ? No ! Heaven forbid it ; It 
IS better to dwell alone on the house top, than to dwell 

*T can have no conception of a better character or personage than that n1 
a Tirliiotts, good woman, anil I can have- no conception of a worse character 
•r pefaonage tluui that of a bad wofflan 1 shftis worjse thana.bafi maa 



19» IIKU0ION* 

with a brawling woman. in a wide house. But wives 
submit yourselv-es to your -own hugbands as it is .fit in tl^e^ 
Lord, and let the wife see that she reverence her husbana 
for the Lord God hath said I will make him an help meet 
for hitn. - • 

5th. • Husbands, this subject speaks to you. — It says 
nusbands love your wives and be not bitter against. them. 
Bitterness, ilhiature, want of kindness, tenderness and 
affection towards your wives is meanness and inhu- 
manity, yea, inhumanity , of the most monstrous kind, for 
every wound inflicted upon your wife is a wound inflic- 
ted on your own. body ; and cruelty to your wife is cru- 
elty to yourself, for ye two are one. Bitterness towards 
your wife is not only inhuman, but it is unspeakably 
mean, it is dastardly, it is cowardly, it is .ungrateful ; for 
when you first addressed her on the subjet^t of love and 
marriage, $he was coy ; you protested the sincerity of 
your passion ; she believed you but was still timid and 
reluctant.— You employed others to advocate your case; 
at length she^^onsented and confided in your ~ integrity , 
she committed her body, her accomplishments, her prop- 
erty and, I had almost said, her soul into your handst- 
and alas ! your bitterness proveip you dead to every feel- 
'ing of honor, of gratitude, of religion and utterly unwor- 
thy of such a treasure.-*-It is ingratitude to God, for in 
compliance with your wishes, in answer to your jupayers, 
Heaven has given ybu a lovely, a discreet, and amiable 
-wife to be an helpmeet for you ; anj^ you' are insensible 
of the favor, you trample it under your fbet, and thus 
you insult the goodness of God — ^your bitterness and un- 
iciadness- towards your wife is an impious and heaven- , 
daring violation of one of the plainest laws of nature, 
•and of one of the clearest precepts of the gospel ; for 
only but consider what the great Apostle to the Gentiles 
says on this subject. (Ephesians, 5th, 25th.) Husbands, 
love your wives even as Christ also loved the church, 
and gave himself for it, &c. for no man ever yet hated 
his own flesh, but nourisheth and cherisheth it even as 
the Lord did the church for we are jnembers of his body, 
of his flesh and of his bones. — For this cause shall a man 
le^ve his father and hia mother, and shall be joined unto 



RELIGION. in 

bis wfTe, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great 
mjstery^ but I speak concerning Christ and the churchy 
nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love, 
esteem, and respect his own wife, even as he does him- 
self. Without pursuing the subject let none of us ever 
forget that all our earthly connexions must soon be dis- 
soIved,and that they ought all to be improved with a view 
to eternity ; let us then now work out our own salvation 
with fear and trembling well-knowing that God has giv- 
en us power both to will and to do those things which 
are for his good pleasure — give me leave therefore to 
invite you all, single and married, young and old, to a 
spiritual union by faith, and love and good works with 
the Lord Jesus Christ— come into the ark of Christ's 
Church ; rend your hearts from every evil propensity ; 
devote yourselves to the service of God in a sober right- 
eous and godly life and conversation, all things are now 
ready, come to the wedding, amen ] 

OJ>r RELIGION. 

If people would be careful to understand and define 
the terms which they use in conveying their ideas to 
each other, on subjects of religion, it would greatly 
abate, if not entirely do away those unhappy differences 
and ^jpputes which now exist in the world. Religion is 
derived from the latin word religOy which signifies to 
bind, and is that bond or obligation which every crea- 
ture owes to its Creator ; so that every person of every 
nation, country, language and persuasion under Heaven, 
who believes that there is a God, and endeavors to live 
a life accordingly, may be said to be a religious person ; 
and his religion will be either true or false, according 
as his ideas of God are conect or incorrect : for a false 
religion is a departure from true religion. 

Enthusiasm according to our present definition of the 
term, is religious zeal and exercise carried beyond the 
bounds of sober reason and sound judgment. No one 
ever acts wisely either in religion or in any thing else^ 
except when he acts reasonably ; and the moment wa 
safiTer our feelings to run away with our judgment, either 

17 



194 RELIGION. 

in religion or politics, in astronomer or philosophy, In 
drinking or in courtship, or in any thing else, we are ^ 
▼ery liable to go astray from duty. 

Superstition is derived fiom the Latin words super 
and stOf which signify to stand upon : and it is making 
that a matter of great importance in our minds, which is 
in itself of no material consequence. It is being very 
strenuous and conscientious in some circumstantials of 
religion, while the great duties of human life are but 
little regarded. 

Bigotry, is adhering to any principle without examia- 
2ltion, without reason, and contrary to our judgment. A 
man may be firm in his opinion, but the moment he shuts 
up his mind against reason, that moment he becomes a 
bigot. 

Conversion, is derived from the Latin words con and 
vertoy which signify turning from, and is expressed in 
the 1 8th chapter of Ezckicl, viz. "when the wicked 
man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath com* 
mitted, and doth tLat which is lawful and right, he shall 
save his soul alive." And our Saviour say« to Peter — 
Satan desires to have thee, and to sifl thee as wheat, but 
when thou art converted^ i. e. when thou hast turn- : 
ed away from this temptation^ strengthen the breth- t 
ren, *^ 

Regeneration, is derived from the Latin words rj^nd 
genero, which signify to be born again ; and our oav- 
lour says it must be of water and of the spirit ; which 
the Christian church, in all nations, ages and countries, 
fcas defined to bo water in baptism, whereby the person 
is born out of the society of this world, into which he 
is born at his natural birth; into the society of Chris- 
tians : and the spirit which is given in God's good time, 
whereby the natural disposition %s changed Jrom the love 
and practice of that which is wrongs to the love and prac" 
tice of that which is good and right : and that every roan, 
woman and child, who is capable of being saved, is ca- 
pable of being born again, and ought to be baptized : 
and as we are all children of the same infinitely com- 
passionate parent of the universe, each one has an equal 
right to all the means of grace here and through them, 



REUGION 196 

to the hope of glory hereafter ; and it ts wrong to refuse 
infant children the benefits and privileges of the Gospel 
covenant because their parents are not so good and so 
exemplary as they should be. 

FEASTS AND FASTS. 

The Christian church has always divided the Chris- 
tian year into two parts, viz. from Advent to Trinity 
Sunday, and from Trinity Sunday to Advent again.— 
During the first six months, we are taught what God has 
done for us ^ and how much our salvation has been the 
care of Heaven : During the last six months we are 
taught what God requires us to do for ourselves. 

Advent, is derived from the Latin words ad and venio 
which signify coming or advancing to any place ; but as 
the word is used in the Christian church, it means our 
Saviour's coming into this world, and is always the four 
weeks next before Christmas. During these four weeks 
it is the imperative duty cf overy linmster to p . ch anu 
explain to his bearers the necessity and" b ^r 3fit of 
Christ's first coining into the world to red-cna inkzr.f , 
and the importance of his coming again in the last day 
to judge the worlds - ~ 

Christmas, is the day of our Saviour's nativity ; on 
which the Christian church joins with the Heavenly 
Hosts, in giving glory to God in the highest, that in and 
through Him, who is born into the world, as on that day, 
there may be peace on earth, and God's good will to thf» 
sinful children of men. Afler Christmas the church 
follows our Saviour through the whole course of his life, 
%o that there is no doctrine ho ever taught, no miracle 
he ever wrought, no example that he ever set forth for 
imitation and instruction which will not be duly explain- 
ed, inculcated and enjoined, and by every minister in all 
nations, countries and languages, at the same time. It 
b customary in the Episcopal Church to illuminate theii 
houses of worship on Christmas Eve, in token of joy and 
rejoicing, and to represent that internal light which h^ 
who was the light of the world, was then about to intro- 
duce : and abo, to decorate themselves and their houa* 



IM BGUGION. 

es and places of wotshlp ^itfa green boughs, and vines^ 
and roses, and fiawers, to shew that as these green boughs 
and vines, &c. live through the cold and icy embrace of 
winter, so in and through him who is bom into the worM 
as at that time, our dead bodies shall live through-the 
cold and icy embrace of death, and in the morn of the 
resurrection they shall rise and blossom as the rose.— - 
Our religion is not as the world was before it was made, 
viz. without formy and, void, and darkness up<m t/, but it 
is reduced to a regular system, so that there is no article 
of the Christian faith, necessary to be believed, and no 
duty necessary to be performed, which will not be regu- 
larly and duly pointed out, explained, and enjoined, at 
least once in every year, and by every minister at the 
same time. Most of the Old Testament is appointed to 
be read through once, and the New Testament twice e% » 
ery year, and the Book of Psalms once every month, 
and by every minister at the same time ; and it is so ar- 
ranged that the chapters and portions of scripture which 
the ministers are required to read will explain and enjoin. 
tfie articles <^ ftith neeessaxx to be believed, and the 
duties necessary to be perlormcd on that day, and at all 
times. 

» KEW-YEXRVis~6^s^?ve4rii6t bssau is the first daj 
of the year, but because it was the day on which our 
Saviour was circumcised. . On that day it is especially 
the duty of every minister to lay before his hearers the 
necessity and the advantage of being admitted into cov- 
enant with God : in the Jewish church by the rite of cir- 
cumcision, and in the Christian church by the sacrament 
of Baptism. Our commission is to preach the gospel 
to every creature, and to baptise all nations. This gos- 
pel is good news to all mankind ; it is,lhat notwithstand- 
ing, since the fall, they are conceived in sin, and are 
by nature the children of wrath ; God is now willing, in 
and through Jesus Christ, to recieve them into the arms 
of his mercy, to forgive their sins, to sanctify them with 
the Holy Grhost, to give them the kingdom of heaven, 
and a glorious res urrection at the last day : and these 
promises are offered to you, to your children and to all 
that are far off^ even as many as the Lord our Qo4 shaiU 



RMJGION. 197 

call : find he says, look unto me all ye ends of the 
earth, and be ye saved. Those who have these good 
news, and are willing to receive these great and glori- 
ous promises, are required to accept them by coming in-' 
to covenant with G9d, by promising and engaging on 
their part, that they will use their best endeavors to re*- 
nounce and avoid all kind of sin and wickedness, that 
they will constantly believe God's holy word, and obe- 
diently keep his commands. The sif^ and seal of this 
covenant is tsaier applied by lawful authority, in the 
name of the Father, and of the Soq, and of the Holy 
Ghost ; for there are. three that beair record in Heaven, 
the Father, the Word, (i. e. the Son, for he was made 
flesh, and dwelt among men,) and the Holy Ghost, and 
THESE THREE ARE ONE., And there are three that 
bear witness on earth ; the Spirit and the water, and the 
blood, — represented by the blood and wi^er that sprink- 
led upon the earth from- the side of our Savior as he 
bung upon the cross ; blood to show that an atonement 
was made for sin ; water to shov; the purifying nature 
of the gospel ; and the spirit to change the heart or a^ 
fections of mankind from the love and practice of ungod- 
liness and worldly lusts, to the love of God, and of a so« 
her, righteous and godly life, and these three agree in 
one. For this reason infant children and others are 
sprinkled in baptism, to signify the outpourings of the 
Holy Ghost, the blood and water that sprinkled from the 
side of our Savior as he hung upon the cross, and that 
we are thns planted in the likenesis, not oj his burialy but 
iff his death. But the frailty of human ftature is such, 
that we ought often to call ourselves to an account, to 
bring our consciences to the bar of God, fo become feel- 
ingly sensible of our sins, and to floe to the blood of 
Christ in the blessed sacrament of the Lord's Supper : 
there to receive all the benefits of his body broken and 
his blood shed for us, that w« may obtain the forgiveness 
of what is past, renew the covenant between God and 
our souls, and be reinstated into the divine favor and 
protection. See John vi. 53^-^^. 

Epiphany, is derived from the Greek -vord epiphaino)" 
mail and signifios appearance. It is the time when our 

17* 



vs REumoif. 

Savioar was manifested to the Crentilofl by the leading of 
a miraculous star ; when the partition wall between dewB 
and Gentiles was broken down, and free salvation was 
offered to every son and daughter of the human race up- 
on equal terms. It is the time when the wise Men came 
from the east to Jerusalem and inquired where he was 
irho was born King of the Jews &c. These wis6 men ' 
were heathen or Gentiles ; and when they came into the 
house, and saw the yteng child with Mary his mother^ 
they fell down and worshipped him: and when they had 
opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts of 
gold;, frankmcenset and myrrh — th^t is, they gave him 
gold to shew that he was a king, they gave him frankin-* 
cense to shew that he was a Gkni, and they gave hira 
myrrh to shew the lost and deplorable state of mankind 
by nature and how necessary it is that they should be 
restored to the favor of the king of glory in and through 
the incense of his offerings. At this time we consider 
die sheet which St. Peter saw let down from Heaven, 
containing four footed beasts of every kind, to represent 
all the different nations upon earth. At. this time we. 
consider the first miracle our Saviour wrought, which 
was that of turning water into wine. We also consider 
a visible manifestation of the three persons in the ^ever 
adorable Trinity of Heaven at the baptism of our *Sav* 
iour which was his ordination, or consecration to the oP» 
fice of a Priest, for he then began to be about thirty 
years of age. God the Father was manifested in the 
voice from heaven, which said, This is my beloved son, 
hear y o him. The son was manifested in the water of 
baptism, and the Holy Ghost was manifested in the form 
of a dove descending and lighting upon him : and this is 
one reason why we are baptized in .the name of the Fa^ 
tiier, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 

AsHWBDNKSDAT, is the first of the forty days and forty 
nights that our Saviour fasted and did penance fur the 
sins of mankind, and ia the first day of jL&ni which is an 
old Saxon word signifying spring, and includes the time 
of our Saviour's fasting, which was in the spring of the 
.year. 

PALM-SuiiDAT^ia the day that oan Savfowr asoendedl 



REUaioir. . i9i 

into Jerusalem the last time amidst the hosannahs of 
thousaDds, and those who went before and followed 
after, cut down branches from ihe trees; and strewed 
them in the way, &c. in the fulfilment of the phroph- 
ecy of Zachariab, ix. 9. written about 587 years be- 
fore. 

Pa^ion Week, is the week after Palm Sanday, and 
is the week of our Savtour^s cruel and unfair trial before 
the Jewish court or council. 9 

Good Friday, is the day on which our blessed Sav- 
iour died upon the cross for our redeiqption and f>nal ^blU 
vation ; and is observed as a day of humiliation, fasting 
and prayer. It is called good friday from the good ef- 
fects which resulted to mankind from his death and su& 
ferings. 

Easterdat, is the day that our Saviour arose from 
the dead as in earnest and as a pledge of the future res- 
urrection of all his faithful followers to immortai glory 
and happiness. Easter is derived from an old Saxon 
word oesty which signifies to rise, and a story a luminary 
in heaven. So that as the lightning shines from the east 
even- unto the west, so shall be the coming of the Son of 
Man ; and for this reason do all nations bury the dead 
with their heads to the west facing to the east, so that 
when Christ shall come to judge the world in the last 
day, all who are in their graves shall hear his voice, and 
come forth, their faces will bo towards him, to receive 
the joyful blessing which he shall then pronounce upon 
them saying, come ye blessed of my Father, kc. Eas- 
ter is the same to us that the passover was to the Jews : 
As they calculated their time by the moon, so are we 
obliged to have recourse to the same method of keep- 
ing time, for the Almighty, has said, Ex. xit, 14, Ye 
shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your gener- 
ations : «e 9haU keep U a feast hy an oriname fir ever. 
And St. Paul says. 1 Cor. v. 7. Christ our passoveir is 
sacrificed for us, therefore kt m keep thefetMt. 

Holt Thursdat, is what we call Ascension day ; 
tad is the day when our Saviour ascended visibly into 
leavon^ Acts i. 9. 10 and is set down at the right hand 



too REUOIOlf. 

of Grod, to intercede for us, till he shall come agtun with 
power and glorj. 

Whitsunday, is the daj when the Holy Ghost descent 
ded upon the Apostles in the form of fire ; and thejr 
were then baptized with the Holjr Ghost and with fire ; 
as was foretold by John the Baptist. It is the san^e to 
us that Penleeoft was to the Jews. 

TaiNiTf Sunday, is a day set apart to inculcate the 
great and mysteriousiloctrine of the holy and ever ado- 
rable Trinity, in whose name we have been baptized. 
That there are three persons and one God, is a doctrine 
tanght in the holy scriptures. In the first chapter of 
Genesis, God the Father spake ; the word (which was 
afterwards made fiesh,) went forth, and the spirit moved 
upon the face of the waters. In the S6th verse, the 
Almighty says, in the plural number j let us make man in 
our image, and after our likeness. Our understanding 
creates every thing that we know, it is the Creator with- 
in us, and is to us, the father of all other faculties. Our 
mcfnory is begotten by the understanding, proceeds firom 
the understanding, saves and preserves what the under- 
standing creates, and is the saviour within us. What 
the understanding creates and the memory preserves, 
our afiection will induce us to love it or to hate it : to 
pursue it or to avoid it, and will call us into action. Tell 
me how much older the understanding is than the mem- 
ory, and I will tell you how much older the Father is 
than the Son. 

This doctrine is not only taught in the Holy Scrip- 
tures, and illustrated by the understanding, the memory 
and the affection, which I have already explained ; but 
in the very formation of our bodies, which are first cov- 
ered with an epidermis^ i. e. ascafskin, the rete mth 
eosumy i. e. a substance under the scaf skin, and cutis 
veruj i. e. the real or true skin. iSKowing thirty days to 
a month, in nine months are 270 days ; so allowing the 
sails to be bones, (they are not bones^ but nearer * bane 
^n carHlege — call them bones) and there are 270 bones 
in each human body, L e. just as many bones in the hu- 
man hody as there are days in nine months* There are 
fifty-two weeks in the year, and just fifty-two bones m 



II£UC»ON. M 

HhB truiik of the bodj. There are twelre months in the 
jear, and just twelve dorsa] vertebra) or joints m the 
back. There are seven days la the week, and just seven 
eervical vertebrae, or joints in the human necK to 
bow down to labor in the week with> There are twenty- 
four hours in the day, and just twenty-four ribs in the, 
human body. There are thirty^wo points of compass, 
and jimt thirty-two bones, in each arm. and in each leg, 
to go all around the compass to gtt your living with^ 
There are thirty -two different- kinds of alimentary food, 
more or less, and just thirty-two teeth in every )?*^maQ 
mouth, where they hjive a full set to masticate that food. 
There are> but eight notes in music, and in dissecting the 
ear, we find that there are jnst eight parts on eacn ear 
^to hear those notes of mnsic. There are but seven 
primary colors, and on dissecting the eye, we find that 
there are just seven parts in each eye to see those colors. 
There are three lobes in the brain, which is the seat of 
lifcy called the cerebrum, cerebellum, and medulla ob-' 
longata, and there are three persons in the Holy Trinity 
who gave life. There are thirtyrnine books in the old 
Testament ; thirty-nine stripes were to be inflicted on 
those who should violate tbose books : and just thirty- 
pine pair of nerves to JeeL th ose stripes when they- were 
inflicted, for where there is no nerve there is no feeling. 
There are five senses, viz. hearing, seeing, tasting, smel- 
ling and feeling ; five orders of architecture, five points 
of moral fellowship, and five fingers and five toes on 
each hand and on each foot, to perform with. How 
wonderfnlly is the human body made ! how exactly is 
it formed to answer the purpose for which it was de- 
signed ! 

And thus you sc^, that to deny the doctrine of the 
Trinity is to deny yoiur own baptism ; for you were. bap-, 
tized in the name of t»e Father and of the Son and of 
the Holy Ghost, it is to deny the Holy Scriptures, for 
there are three that bear record in Heaven, the Father, 
the Word and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one — it 
is to deny your own souls, for they were maae m the 
image of God — it is to deny your own booies, for 
there are three lobes in the briiin which is the eeat of 



2Mt BEUGION. 

life — and it is to dfinj the elements of the material 
world. 

Innocent's Dat, December SSth, is the day on which 
Herod commanded 14,000 innocent children, that were 
two years old and under^ to be put to death in search of 
our Saviour; 

Conversion of St. Paul, on the 26th of January, is 
set apart to consider his conversion, life, doctrine, minis- 
try, history, &c. * 

Purification of the blessed virgin Mary, February 
2d, according to the custom of the Jewish Church, is to 
give thanks afler the birth of a child, and is what we caU 
churching of women. 

Annunciation of the virgin Mary, March 25th, when 
the angel declared that she was highly fav;ored of the , 
Lord, that she should conceive and bring forth a sor 
and should call his name Jesus. Read Luke i. 2Sj 
&c. 

Septuagesima is a latin word which signifies 70th, and 
IS about the 70th day before Easter or the Passover. 

Sexagesimo is a latin word which signifies 60th, and is 
about the 60th day before Easter. 

Quinquagesima is a latin word which signifies 50th, and 
is about the 50th day before Easter « ^ 

Quadragesima is a latin word which signifies .40th 
and is about the 40th day before Easter. The design 
of retaining these names is to show the connection be- 
tween the Greeki the Latin, the English and other 
Churches. 

Rogation is derived from the Latin word rogOy which 
signifies to ask, beg or supplicate ; and Rogation days 
are the Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays, before 
our blessed Saviour ascended into li^aven, and are set 
apart t^ supplicate God^s mercies jnd favors through his 
mediauon. 

Tke several Saint^s days are set apart to consider the 
particular virluesj pidtfy examples and histories, of those 
saints and good men who have gone before us. 

Shrove Tuesday ^ is derived from an •old Saxon word 
which signifies to confess their faults with fear^ quak* 



XEU6IOM 208 

ing and shivering, and is the day before Ash Wednes- 

tCJ^What may be done at any time will commonly 
be done at no time ; and there is certainly great propri* 
ety in setting apart certain days and seasons in every 
year to inculcate the most material articles of the chris« 
tian faith and to explain and enjoin the most material 
duties of a christian life, conversation and behav- 
iour. 

The first rfUgion of external observances, that God 
ever gave to man, was the Patriarchical Religionj ia^ 
which the father of the family, the head of the tribe, or 
the first man among them was their Priest and offered 
sacrifice to God for himself and others. This religion 
lasted from Adam to Moses, about 2430 years. 

The second Reli^an, of external observances and in- 
ternal improvements, that God ever gave to man, was the 
Jewish Religion,. in which they had High Priests^ Priests 
and Levites ; three separate and distinct orders of Clergy 
with their distinct ofhces, to offer sacrifices, &c. to God, 
for themselves and others. This Religion^ lasted from 
Moses to Christ, about 1570 years, and is set forth in the 
old Testament. 

Tlie third and last Heitgton, of external observances 
and internal graces and improvements which God gave to 
man, was the Christian Religion, in which they have 
BishopSy Priests and Deacons ; three separate and dis- 
tinct orders of Clergy with their distinct offices, to offer 
to God the commemorative sacrifice of praise and thanks- 
givmg, for the expiatory sacrifice of Christ who once 
offered himself a sacrifice for all, &c. This Religion 
bas and will 4ast from Christ's first advent to redeem 
mankind, until his second and far more glorious advent 
to judge the world. 

The Mahometan Religion originated in Asia, A. D. 
606, and their faith and external observances are con* 
tained and set forth in a book called the Alcoran. They 
believe in one God and in Mahpmmed as his prophet , 
they believe in angels and in devils : they believe m 
their Alcoran, in a future accountability and a final judg* 
meat ; they hold that God has from all eternity absolute- 



m REUGIOII. 

\y and ancotiditionally iTore-crdatned aad foferdacreed alt 
the actions of all his creatures, aftd all their happiness 
or misery to all eternity.— Their Religion requires pray- \. 
er, giving of alms, fasting and pilgrimaire to Mecca, 
&c. They abstain from usury, garnbTing, drinking 
wine, eating blood and swine's flesh. — They are di<* 
vided into different sects or parties, and are continu- 
ally condemning one' another. There are said to be 
140,000,000 of the human race who are Mahometans, 
residing in Asia, Africa, and in the south east part of 
Europe. 

Pagemism is the same as Heathenism, and embraces 
all wjio worship false Gods, or no God at alL Atheist 
is one who believes that there is no Grod, or Creator, or* 
Governor of the Universe. Deist is one who believed 
that there is a God, but does not believe the Bible to 
come from him any more than any other book, nor does 
he believe any communication from him except in his 
works of creation. 

Papists are the same as Roman Catholics, including all 
who belong to what tliey call the True Church. — I be- 
lieve in the Holy Catholic Church, embracing all who 
are sanctified, and are led by the spirit, i. e. dispositiDn 
cf Christ, of every nation, country, language and persua- 
sion under Heavens ; but I do not believe in the Holy 
Homan Catholic Church. My objections to them are, 
that the Bishop of Rome claims an authority,, which in 
ray opinion, never was given to him or to any other man, 
except to Jesus Christ, and only to him as God and man. 
In the next place 1 do not belie Ve in their seven sacra- 
ments, in transuhstantiation, in purgatory, in worshiping 
images or in worshiping God by them. * In indulgencies 
to commit sin, Slc. &c. &c. 

Epi^coi^alians are so called from the Greek word J^pw- 
hopos, which signifies a Bishop or an overseer^ who ia 
the successor of an Apostle and invested with divine au- 
thority to ordain ministers and to govern them and all 
things belonging to the Church acgprding to' Christ^s 
laws ; but by no means has he authority contrary to the 
.law tff Christ and the established order of the Church 
any more than a Judge or Justice has authority contrary 



tO; the law of the state. When Christ was upon eiu^h bo 
institutecT'and established a church to be under the goa<- 
pel dispensation in the New Testament, in conformity to 
the Church of Israel in the Old Testament. That waa 
a well organized 8<»cietv, with proper officers, to continue 
to the end of that dispensation. The Christian Church . 
is a well orgaiiized society, vnih proper officers to continue 
to the end of the world. If it be Christ's Church it 
must have been organized by him, the officers niust have 
been commissioned. by him, and they must now receive 
' their authority from him, immediately from Heaven, or 
by a regular succession. This the Chutx:h of England and 
the Episcopal Church in America claim, and in my 6pin« 
ion, they adduce abundant proof to substantiate this 
claim. In proportion to their numbers they certain// 
are one of the most learned, wealthy, pious and respec* 
table denominations in the United States. . 

Presbyterians are so called from the Greek word 
Presbutero^j ^yrhich signifies an elder, an older person, one 
who is in the second order of clergy ; and for them 
to ordain and govern the Church ft^ithout their Bishop, 
is like justices of the peace commissioning other justices, 
and governing the state without the Governor. They 
originated in Scotland about the yedr 1530, and are a 
very numerous, learned and respe!ctable body of profes- 
sing Christians, but are wonderfully divided into differ- 
ent sects and parties, so that if any should wish to be a 
Presbyterian, he would hardly know what party to 
join. 

- Congregationalists were so called because they supposed 
that all ecclesiastical authority was lodged in the Cort" 
gregcUion, and formerly niinisters wer6 ordained and mem- 
bers were admitted into the Church by a vote of the 
congregation. They were organized io England by 
one Cartwright about the year 1580, and are a very 
learned, pious, respectable body of professino Christians; 
in some cases they are highly Calvanistic, in others Ar<- 
roinian. * 

Independents were so called, because they held that 
any number of professing Christians had a right to form 
tbeinsclves into a Church, choose one of their own nun>p 

18 



308 mcieiofi. 

ber to be tbeit minister, to ordain bim and under bim 
to enjoy all ordinances of Religion, independently of any 
hodu in the world. They were first organized in £ng 
land by one Robert Brown, about the year 1590. Tbey 
bave now very generally amalgamated with the Congre* 
gatienalists. 

BapHsta were formerly called Anabaptist, because they 
baptized again those who joined them, even if they had 
been baptized, and Antipedobaptist, because they rejec- 
ted infant baptism and baptism by sprinkling or pouring 
water on the subject. Th^ originated in Germany 
about the year. 1525, though some claim to be descended 
from John the Baptist, and others from the Apostles ; but 
they are now a learned^ respectable body of professing 
Christians. 

Methodists are so called, oecause Westley and Whit- 
field their founders, adopted a particular method in. their 
reliffious exercises. They were first organized in Eng- 
land about the year 1729. They are no\v the most nu- 
merous denomination in the United States, and for elo- 
queoce, vital piety, and- strict morality, they are excell- 
ed by none. In point of doctrine they agree with the 
Church of England for the most part. 

Quakers are so called because they had a particular * 
manner in their meetings of shaking and quaking. They 
originated in England about the year 1650, and were 
founded by George Fox. Like most other denomina- 
tions, they are divided into sects and parties. Tho Uix* 
ites is a parly lately sprung up among them, and has 
caused ^reat animosity and division : they deny the di- 
vinity of Christ and the sufficiency of the Holy Scrip- 
tures. 

Universalists arc so called because they hold that 
all men will finally be siaved. They also are divided 
among themselves; some cla,*m that there will be.no pun- 
ishment afier .death for any crimes committed in this life 
*— others claim that there will be a punishment, but that 
there will be a final restoration ; but in any case, if they 
err H is on the charitable side ; if it. be a dangerous er« 
ror, as I think it is, it is a good natured one. 

Arians are so called because they originated from one 



itsuaiw. W 

Arius, in the year, S15. He taught that Christ was not 
the Eternal Grod, and ought not to be worshipped. To 
«6ofiite this error, the Nicene Council was held ; 
obmposed of all the Bishops in the known world, and thie 
Nicene creed was then adopted, A. D. 525, and hai 
been constantly acknowledged and used in the Church 
ever since. Socinians, Uniiariansy &c« agree in the 
main points with the Arians. 

ON THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. 

All denominations of Christians agree in acknowl- 
edging the Book called the Bible, to have been given 
by the immediate influence and inspiration of God : and 
that it contains and sets ibrth the articles of their faith 
and the rule of their practice. The Old Testament is 
i&cknowledged and believed by the Jews ; both the Old 
and New Testaments are acknowledged and believed by 
Christians. The general evi<jlei)ces on which they' found 
their belief in the divine authority of the Bible, are, 1st, 
miracles ; 9d, fulfilment of prophecies ; 3d, historical 
facts ; 4th, internal marks of truth, and our own coi^ 
sciences bearing witness. 

1st. I shall endeavor to shew that these miracles werd 
matters offact^ such ss men's outward senses, , their ey ef 
and ears might be judges of. 2d. That they were don^ 
publicly in the face of the world, dd. That not only 
public monuments have been kept up in memory of them, 
but outward actions have been performed. 4th. Thai 
such monument^, observances and actions, did commence 
at the time these miracles or matters of fact were done» 
Jf 1 can prove tkiiy 1 think that every Atheist, Deist, 
aiid unbeHever, must give up their doubts. , 

1st. Suppose that De Witt Clinton, or any other roan, 
should say and publish to the world, that he did yesterday^ 
hv a miractdom potoeTy divide the J^ortk Hiver in presence 
of all the inhabtiants of Albany y and conduct fhem through 
ON DRV GROUND, to Crreenbushy the water standing like 
walls on both sides ! It would be absolutely impossible 
•o persuade the people of Albany that this was true, be-^ 
eause every man, woman and child would contradict it t 



f» aBtiaiON. 

find s;^^ atdt ttfvw iioloriaadyfidie. Rfevderefbre 

manifest that no such imposition could be put upon ^e 
people at the time it was said toiiave been .done. The 
only waj then to get along with this, is to say that the 
Btory was invented some years afterwards, when the peo- 
ple yfere dead and gone, who lived when the facts was 
said to be done. Bat h^re my ^d and 4th evidences re- 
fute the plea. Suppose some one should say that 150 
years ago De Witt Clinton divided the North River, and 
all the inhabitants of Albany followed him through on 
dry ground to Greenbush, the water standing like walls 
on both sides ; that it was done on such a particular 
day and year, and from that day to this every man and 
child at the age of twelv<e years had a joint of his little 
finger cut off, that every man in Albany now had that 
mark Upon his hand, that this ^as in commemoration o\ 
their passing through the North River in the manner 
aforesaid ; that it was instituted at that time and had con- 
tinued ever since in memory of it. It would be absolute- 
ly impossible to persuade the people of Albany to be-^ 
lieve this to be true, because every person could and 
would contradict it. * 

. ^ow let m compare this wt^ Moses' and Christ, Could 
Moses persuade 600,000 children of Israel to believe, 
that he had divided the Red Sea^ and that they Jiadfollot^ 
ed him through the midst of it on dry ground^ the water 
standing like waits on both sides ? That he had fed thera 
with manna, and the other matters of fact set forth in his 
books, if they were not so ? He could hot make them 
believe it at the time wh^n it was said to have been don6 
because every man, woman and child, could and would 
contradict him. But read the 1 1th chapter of Deut. 
from the second to the 8th verse, for, says he, / speak not 
Vfiih your children which have not known and which have 
tiot seen J S^c, — But your eyss have seen all the great acts of 
tine Lord which he did^ Sfc, Now it would foe as impossi- 
ble for Moses to make the children of Israel to believe 
these things if they were not true, as it would for De , 
Witt Clinton or any other person to make the people of 
Albany believe that they had gone through the North 
River dry shod and on dry ground if it were not true 



Ri;uGioN. m 

The nioi«t then that c^n be said is^ that these books of 
M ose3 were wrote some years afler him and put out ia 
his name. But this could not be, because they speak of 
themselves as delivered by Moses and kept in the ark 
from his time. Read the 31st chapter of Deut. — Mosa 
himself^ made an end of wrUmg Hieniy and he htnuelf deliv^ 
ered them to the Levites^ and metf were hy hia order kept im 
Ae arkas the perpetual law of that people. Suppose any 
man should now write a book and call it the statute law 
of New- York, and put it into the library of the Sccreta* 
ry of State, could he niake it pass as the law book of the 
State when they had never seen it or heard of it before ? 
As impossible was it for the books of Moses to^ have 
beqn received for what they declare themselves- to be^ 
viz. the laws of that, nation — that they had owned and 
received and been governed by them, when they had 
never so much as heard of them. Nay, they must in 
pm instant forget all their former laws and usages and 
receive these as such when they had never heard of them 
before ! L^t me ask, was there ever a book of shan^ 
laws, which were not the laws of any, people, palmed 
iipon that people as their laws ? Was such a thing ever 
done ? Why then will they charge this upop the Bible ? 
The Jews are now, at this very time, 183^, here with us,, 
we know them, and they are now governed by theae> 
very lioiws. But these books not only contain certain 
laws, but a history effects on which these laws are fouQ^ 
ded, viz. the Sabbath, the Passover, the Day. of Pente* 
eost, &c. ; could any one persuade the people of the, 
United States to believe that their indepenaence was not; 
declared on the 4th of July, 1776 ? No more eould we 
persuade the Jews to believe that they did not pass, 
through the Red Sea on dry ground, when the water 
stood like walls on both sides ; that they yrere not fed 
with manna ; that they were not passed over when the 
Egyptians were destroyed, &c. .The passing of the chil* 
dren of Israel through the, River Jordan is not less mi* 
raculous than their passing through the Red Sea : and 
it was done publicly in open day light ; it was a fact th«t 
men's outward senses, their eyes and ears might hear 
•nd see, and pf which the^ might all judge, and Urn, 

18* 



tlO * . RELfGION . 

Stones, set up in Gilgal to commemorate that event r^* 
main to this daj. Read the third chapter of Joshua 9th 
▼ersd, &c. 

What I have said of Moses and the Jews in the Old 
Testament, is equally true of Christ and of Christians la 
the New Testament. 1st. The miracles of Christ were 
matters of fact, such as men^s outward senses, their 
eyes, ears and experience might judge of 2d. Thoy 
were <)one publicly in the face of the world. Sd. Pub 
lie monuments and outward observances have been kept 
up in memory of them. 4th. These observances did 
commence at the time the miracles were wrought, and 
have been constantly kept up in memory of them. Our 
Savior says, / tpahe openly to the XDorld and in secret have 
I $a%d nothing. About 3000 were converted at one time, 
and about 600Q at another time,and it was in consequence 
of what they themselves had seen and heard, and expe- 
rienced : so that the two first rules are established, and 
the two second rules are established by the observance 
of baptism, and the Lord's Supper instituted in coni-> 
memoratioA of the miraculous death, resurrection and 
atonement made by our Saviour ; also visibly to admit 
us into his family and to continue us in union with hira 
and with one another. They were instituted at the time 
the events took place, and have been constantly observr 
ed ever since. Oaa any one reasonably believe that 
the whole Christian world would unite in keeping Chrisi^ 
ma$ if Christ had never been born ; in keeping Epipha^ 
ng if he had never been manifested to the Gentiles : in 
keeping Chod Friday if he had never been crucified ; in 
keeping Easter if he had never risen from the dead ; in 
keeping Holy TTiursday if he had never ascended in* 
to Heaven ; in keeping Whit Sunday if the Holy Ghost 
had never descended upon the Apostles ? 
') The Bible contains prophecies of such thmgs as Om« 
• niscience alone could foresee ; and such events as Om- 
nipotence alone could accomplish. Amons many other 
things, it wus foretold by Isaiah expressly, in the 7th 
chapter, That a virgin should conceive and bear a sonyOnd 
ku name should be caiUd Jmmanuel, This ivas nterallv 
and strictly fulfilled in the birth of our Saviour 74% 



REUGIOX. « 911 

•* 

years afterwards : S^e Matthew i. 3d. In addition to 
this, every man's own conscience, if h^ will feadthe Bi- 
ble with candour and seriousness, must hear witness to 
the truth of it. And the effect which it has upon all na- 
tions who acknowledge and receive it as the standard of 
their faith and practice is a standing, living, external and 

Powerful evidence of its divine authority. In the Old 
^estament Moses was a type of Christ, and the Jewish 
Heii^ion was in all* material points a representation of 
the Christian Religion. It was as a light shining in h 
. dark pl.ace ; it was a lamp to our feet and a light to our 
paths. What happened to the Jews in the Old Testa- 
ment was for our example in the New ; see i. Cor. x. 
^. and all Scripture is given by inspiration. of God, and 
is profitahle for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for 
instruction in righteousness ; that the man of God may 
»be perfe^ct, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 

1st. In the Old Testament, Moses was* born into this 
world for the important purpose of redeeming andreacu* 
ing the children of Israel from the bondage of iPharaoh 
and the Egyptians, arid of conducting them through the 
wilderness to the land of Canaan. In the ISew Testa- 
ment 1570 years afterwards^ Jesus Christ was born into 
this world for the important purpose of redeeming and 
rescuing tnankind from the bondage of Satan, and our 
spiritual enemies, and cefndueting us through the wilder- 
'ness of this world to the land of everlasting life and hap* 

5iness which is the heavenly Canaan. 2d. In the 04d 
^estament Moses was preserved in Egypt when Phara- 
oh commanded all the male children of Israel to be put 
to death lest he should lose his kingdom. In the New 
Testament, 1570 years afterwards, Joseph and Mary, be- 
ing warned in a dream, fled into Egypt, and Jesus Christ 
was preserved in the same place, when Herod comman- 
ded all the male children of Israel, that were two years 
old and under, tb be put to death, lest he should lose his 
xihgdom. dd. In the Old Testament, Moses wac 
obliged to work miracles, and to show. sign9 and wonders 
to persuade the children of Israel to believe in . him and 
to follow him. In the New Testament, Jesus Christ was 
obliged to work nuracles and to »hew signs and wooden 



tit RfiUGIOlf. 

t9 persuade mankind to believe in hitn and to folloir him«r' 
4th. In the Old Tei^ament, Moaes led the childrea of 
Israel through the wateta of the Red Sea, and they wer^ 
baptized unto hina, and in the cloud before they could b^ 
secure from Pharaoh and his host. In the ^ew Testa-« 
ment, Jesu^ Christ leads mankind through the waters 
of Baptism, and we are baptized unto him and the Holy 
Ghost, before we can be secure from the power of Satan 
and his hosts. 5th. In the Old Testament, Moses went 
up into the mountain and fasted forty days and forty 
nights before he delivered his ten commandments. Ir 
the New Testament, Jesus Christ went up into a moun- 
tain and fasted forty days and forty nights before he do- 
livf^red his beatitudes, which are properly his command- 
ments, in the 5th chapter of Matthew. 6th. In the Old 
Testament, Moses and the glory of God were manifest 
ted to the children of Israel in the form of fire in a hnnw 
inff bush, when they could not loc»k upon him for the 
brightness of his face. In the New Testament, Jesus 
Christ and the glory of God wdre manifested to his di^ 
ciples in his transfiguration on the mount, when his fac« 
became like fire, above the brightness of the sun ; and 
his raiment became shining white so as no fuller ohT earth 
could white them. 7th. In. the Old Testament, the 
children of Israel wonld have famished in the wilderness 
with thirst, had it not bioen for water which Moses caused 
to flow from a rock. In the New Testament, mankind 
would famish in the wilderness of this world with thirst 
after spiritual and immortal things, were it not for the 
doctrines of life and salvation which flows frotii Jesus 
Christ and his Ciospei. Bth. In the Old 'i'estaroent, 
the children of Israel could not be supported in theii 
natural life till they could arrive to the land of ororaise^ 
without manna,' which was a peculiar bread sent down 
£rom Heaven. In the New Testament we cannot be 
supported in our spiritual life^ and nourished unto eter« 
aal life in the world to corae, without the sacraments of 
the Lord's Supper. Jesus Christ says, I am the bread 
Aat came down from Heaven. This is my body and 
this is mv blood. 9th. In the Old Testament, the chiK 
jreo of Israel could not tike posseaiion (tfthalaivi nf 



REUGIOIf. 21t 

proin4se until thev passed the river Jordan, and the walls 
of Jericho fell with the blowing of ram's horns, the sound 
of trumpets, a shout and a great noise. In thcNj9w 
Testament^ we cannot take possession of our land of 
promise, of everlasting life and happiness, until we pasa 
|he Jordan of death ; and the walls of our Jericho, which 
lire our natural bodies, fall to the ground with sighs, 
groans and convulsive agonies of death. lOth. In the 
Old Testament, there arc twelye Patriarchs. In the 
New Testament, Jesus Christ chose twelve Apostles. 
11th. ' In the Old Testament, Moses chose seventy Si- 
fters to assist him in the government of the Jewish Church. 
In the. New Testament j Jesus Christ chose seventy dis- 
ciples to assist him in the government of the Christiaii 
Church, l^h. In the Old Testament, as Moses ap- 
pointed three separate and distinct orders of clergy, viz. 
nigh Priests, Priests and Levites, in the Jewish Church, 
to continue to the end of that dispensation. In the New 
Testament, Jesus Christ appointed three separate and 
distinct orders of clergy, viz. Bishops, Priests and Dea- 
cons, in the Christian Church, to continue to the end of 
the world ; and if you argue me out of Episcopacy yon 
argue me out of Christianity. 13th. In. the Old Tes* 
merit, as the Priesthood in the Jewish Church was trans-' 
niitted in a direct uninterrupted line of succession from 
Aaron to Christ. In the New Testament, the Priest- 
hood in the Christian Church. has and will be transmitted 
in a direct uninterrupted lino of succession from Christ's 
ascension into Heaven, till his second coming to judge 
the world in the last day. 14th. In .the Old Testament^ 
as the Jewish Church was taken captive, carried into 
Babylon, and kept 70 years in slavery. In the New 
Testament, the Church of England, the Episcopal 
Church in Germany, and elsewhere, have been taken 
captive by the Roman Catholics, carried into Babylonish 
and Popish darkness, and kept for many years in slavery, 
15th. In the Old Testament as the Jewish Church was 
preserved and restored to its former glory. In the New 
Tcirtamcnt,the Episcopal Church was preserved through 
the dark ages of Popery ; and at the refbrmation restor* 
ed to itf former glory. 16th. In the Old Te^tamentj 



114 REUGIpH. 

as Korah) Dathaa, and Abiram, rose up against the cs* 
taLIished Priesthood in the Jewish Church, under a Taiit 
pretence that all the congregation were holy and puro, 
as is contained in the IBth chapter of Numbers. In 
the New Testament, Oliver Cremwell^ and his 250 Pu* 
ritan members of Parliament, more or less, v}ho were 
princu tn the aisembly^ fanunu in thteongree^ion^ w^en ^ 
renown^ rose up against, the established Friesthood in 
the Christian Church under the same vain pretence that 
the J were more holy and pure, and hence they were 
called Puritans. 17th. In the Old Testament, as the 
earth opened her mouth and swallowed them up alive, 
and all that appertained to them. In the New Testa- 
ment, Oliver Cromwell, and his associates, died a miser« 
able death ; his S50 members of parliament came to 
nothing ; the ground, in one sense, opened her mouth 
and swallowed them up alive, and all that appertained to 
them. Fire came out from the Lord and consumed ono 
party. The fire, of enthusiasm and delusion consumed 
these, and still continues to consume the sectaries, wbo 
follow their example. 

From the building of the tower of Babel, what doo« 
trine, what reproof, what correction and instruction aro 
we to gain ? It happened for our example : They, not 
contented with the way of salvation prescribed by the 
Almighty, undertook to build a tower of their own, and 
to climb up to Heaven in their own way ; but their 
tongues were divided, they were scattered, and where 
are they ? In the New Testament, people now, not con« 
tented with the way of life and salvation, as prescribed 
by the Almighty in* the Episcopal Church, which is es- 
tablished by divine wisdom, in conformity to the pattern 
under the Jewish dispensation, have separated from this 
ancient and universal Church, are building to themselves 
towers of Babel ; their tongues are divided ; there are 
no two of them that have the same prayer, the same 
psalm, the same portions of scripture, the same worship 
at the same time : and if you could hear them all at 
once, there is nothing below the heavenly world that 
would resemble the builders of the tower of Babel so 
much as they would. And where are they ? Scattereil 



li£BfOIBS. Si» 

dpnn the face of (he earth, and their tongues are still 
divided. But in the ancient Episcopal and universal 
church, are their tongues divided ? No : this is like n 
city at unity in itself ; the King^z daughter (that is, th^ 
true church) is all ghriouB iciihin — see the 45th psalm ; 
they all speak the same things at the same time ; they 
all have the same praters, for God is always the same, 
and the general wants of all mankind are always the 
same ; they all have the same psalms ; they all have the 
sf^me portions of scripture ; they all have the same wor- 
ship at the same time ; and if you could hear them all 
at once, like a column of incense, their united devotions 
would ascend to heaven ; and God, who is a God of or- 
der, and not Of conf usion, would grant them a favora- 
ble acceptance ; this is the Holy Catholic Church ; the 
General Assembly and Church of the first born in earth 
•and in heaven. 

I mean not to insult, nor to offend any one, hut in the 
bowels of mercy arid kindness, I beseech each one iot 
himself to stop, pause, think and consider what I have 
said on tlie case of Moses and Christ, on the Jewish and 
Christian Church, on Korah and his company, and Oli- 
ver Cromwell and his company, on the tower of Babel^ 
and the separation from the Episcopal Church. I asl^ 
your consciences; I ask you in the love and feai* of God, 
are these things so ? I might mention the case of Nadab 
and Abihu, who buirt mcense with strange fire, and the 
fire came out from t! e Lord and consumed them. I 
might mention the case of Micah, of Jeroboam, of Saul 
and others. The cdild^en of Israel, in passing through 
the -wilderness to the lard of promise, were designed to 
represent us in passing fh rough the wilderness of this 
world to the laiid of everlasting life and happiness, and 
what happened to them \'as for our instruction and admo^ 
nition, 

ON THE ATTTHORIiy OP THE CHURCH. 

When our forefathers first came to this country, they 
came from England ; and when they c ame from England 
ttiey came Oou'. the Church of EngWi i, and were disscn- 



•1« REUaiON. 

ters from that Church ; «nd the common apologj is tbat 
they had as much right to separate from them as thejr 
had to separate from the Church of Rothe ; hut th^ is 
not the truth ! taking it for granted, that the sentiments 
contained in my letter to Gov. Wolcott, page 136, are 
correct and true, viz. that no one can lawfully act in the 
name of another, without his authority, I proceed to re^ 
mark that our Saviour Jesus Christ Was like JVIoses^ a 
lawgiver, and expressly declared that he had all power in 
heaven and in ear.th. This he proved by the four great 
evidences of the truth of Christianity,* viz. 1st. Mira- 
cles; ^d. Fulfilment of Prophecies : 3d, Historical &ct3 ; 
4th,'Internal Marks of Truth. With this authority he 
commissioned bis Apostles to go into all the .world, to 
preach the Gospel, that is, the good news of life and 
salvation, to every creature, to baptize all nations ; and 
promised to continue witb them always, even unto the 
end of the world ; and that the gated of hell should 
never prevail against them. With this commission they 
went forth into different parts of th6 world, amoqg the 
different nations of the earth, under different forms of 
civil government, where they spoke different languages, 
and among them planted the Christian Religion and the 
Christian Church, in exact conformity to the Jewish re- 
ligion and Church in the-OId Testament. ; oiily that oiie 
was a •representation of the other, as Moses himself was 
to represent Christ. The Apostles and their successors 
were soon called Bishops, and were in answer to the 
High Priests in the Jewish Church. The Elders were 
soon called Priests, and were in answer to the Priests 
in the Jewish jChurch, and the Deacons were ordained 
Ministers, and were in answer to the Levites. ' 

Heylyn, in his Cosmography, which is a book that I 
never have heard doubted, and is as. much to be relied 
on as any other book of human composition, says in the 
third page, folio : 

** [ have taken more especial notice of the ancient and 
" present face of Christianity in all parts of the world ; 
"the planting and government of the Churches, the 
" heterodoxies and opinions of the several sects into 
'* which it doth now stand dismembered ; by which it 



REUjGriON. ni 

. ^i will appear mpst clearly, among other things, that the 
** doctrine and goverment of, the Church aire of equal 
^^ standing; that this government wais no other than that 
** of BiiliopSy and that wherever Christianity did find 
^^ any admittance. Episcopacy was also admitted as a 
*' part thereof. The Gospel being in most places firsts 
^^ preached by Bishops or growing to esteem' and strength 

. '^ under their authority. And it is found, upon ihe^f\ r#). 
^^ searches, that Episcopacy is coeval with the Cl^urcn 
"itself. 

These are the words of one of the most learned find 
pious men in the world ; a .man whose truth t never 
hav.e heard called in question. St. Peter was the first 
Bishop of Rome, where he was crucified, with his head 

. downward', by the cruel edict of Nero, A. D. 69. St. 
James was the first Bishop in Jerusalem, and finally 
sealed the truth of his religion by being beheaded there 
under the .order of Herod. St. Andrew was the first 
Bishop in Greece, where he was finally crucified under 
the edict of JSgeas: his c/oss was not in the common 
form, viz. a post set In the ground and a beam or stick 
aci'oss the top of it, with the hands nailed to each enA 
of the stick, and the feet crossed and nailed to the post ; 
but his cross was in the form of an X, with one hand 
nailed to each end of the stake, and his feet extended 
and nailed to each post below : and for this reason an X 
has always been called St. Andrt^w's cross. It might be 
•useful ai;id ent<^rtaining to give an accoiint of the life, la- 
bors, settlement and death of each of the Apostles, who 
vere the first Bishops of the Church — but this cannot be 
done without going beyond my limits, which I have ex- 
ceeded already. St. John was the first Bishop in Asia: 
St. Mark and St. Luke went into Africa : St. Thomas 
went into the East Indies, and on his way planted a 
Church in Syria, which has remained there from that day 
to this, not knowing that there were any other people in 
the world who professed Christianity but themselves ; 
and no other people k.iew of them.— They wore discov- 
ered a few years sinqe by the Rev. Clpiudius Buchanan, 
who was an Episcopal Missionary \ and to his unspeak- 
able joy, he found that in all material points of govern- 

19 



am ftEUGloif. 

bient or authoritj^, of Doctrine and of Worship, thtjjr 
agreed with the Church of England. This is one of 
the most extraordinary and interesting discoveries which 
has hcen roade within 500 years. It is a plain and unde- 
niable #>vidence of the truth of ^e Episcopal Church. 
In consequence of it, one of the most learned amd dis- 
tinguished characters in- the state pf New- York and in 
the United States, has declared in favor of the Epis- 
copal Church, and says, if he had no other proof than 
this Syrian Church, it would satisfy his mind. St. Paul 
was the first Bishop in England. Mason and Lindsay. 
Bay, that ne came tftere A. D. 69. The general account 
and opinion is, that he first preached the Gospel in a place 
then called Avingnon, nnd which -s nowc.illed Glasterv- 
bury. He continued hts ministry in England and in di& 
lerent parts of Enrope and in Asia, for 35 years, when 
he returned to Rome and was beheaded there, by a cru- 
el edict of the bloody Nerp, * in the 68th year of bis 
»ge. 

The Church of England being thus founded and es- 
tablished, not by St. Peter, but by St. Paul, continued 
in union and prosperity with the other churches. Her 
Bishops attended their meetings and Councils. The 
Church of Rome was at this time as pure as any other 
At this time there, was no such thing as Popery ; the 
Bishop of Rome claimed no superiority, he exer- 
cised no superiority; J5irf in the year 606, Phoc tt$ 
invested the Bishop of Rome icith civil authority ; 
and then he was not only Bishopy but Emperor of 
the whole Roman Empire : AND it was Tflis union of 
Church and State which began and constituted 
Popery. In 607 he srnt St. Austin into England, and 
demanded that the Bishop of England should submit to 
the Bishop of Rome, as the head of the Universal 
Church, as Bishop over all other Bishops. This was 
A. D. 607 The Bishop of England defclared, that he 
never 80 much as- heard that the Bishop of Rome ever 
pretended to have any authority in England before ; and 
wholly refused to submit. St. Auetin returni d to Rome, 
and two years afler, viz. 609, he came' over the second 
lime, ana then engaged Ethelbeit, King of the Sitxoiui, 



RRUGION. tip 

to %vage war with the. ancient Britons, and to compel 
them by force and arms to submit ; some fled to Wales, 
and some to one place, and some to anotber. At |on«^th 
they agreed to acknowledge tbe supremacy .of the Bislu 
op of Rome, and to pay whut is caHod tbe Peter pence ; 
but stiN they retained their own Bishops and Clergy, 
taught tbeir own doctrines, an<) performed their own ser- 
vice y but as the superiority of the Bishop of Rome was 
now acknowlcdgc<l,lus innovations and corruptions would 
and did prevail in £ngland ; still there appears to have 
been on the part of the ancient Britons,a constant opposi* 
tlon to the Bishop of Rome, and to his pretensions. Fre* 
quently one, and then another would dare to lid up his 
voice, but were soo|i put down .; till at length Henry the 
8th, King of £ngland\ became disgusted with the pre- 
tentions of the Bishop of Rome, and protected Crammer^ 
Ridley and Latimer, three of the best Bishops in the 
Kingdom, in rejecting the authority of the Bishop of 
Rome, and in reducing the Church of England to what it ' 
was before he had any autho'^ily in England^ and before 
there was any suck thing as Popery in the world. This is 
what is meant by the reformation ! and now we are 
told that our forefathers had as much right to separate 
from the Church of England as they had to. separate 
from the Cburch of Rome ! What a vain pretence ! The 
Church of England was of divine origin, it was of divine 
authority, established by St. Paul ; handed down by i| 
direct, uninterrupted line of succession, through the dark 
ages of Popery, as the Jewish Church was through the 
dark ages of Babylonish captivity ; that Church was re- 
stored to its former glory ; this Church is restored to ita 
former glory, and yet our forefathers would and did sep- 
arate ; biit on what grounds ? Was it because they had 
no authority ? No, certainly not ; for if the Church ♦•f 
England be nothing, and they came from nothing ; then 
they must be nothing, ex nihiln nUUlJit ; t. e. )iauglUfrom 
naught and there re^nains naugJit, Was it because their 
doctrine was either dishonorable to God, or hurtful to 
man, or contrary to the scriptures ?, Nothing of this can 
be made to appear. Was it because the worship was 
not founded upon the authority of God's word, because 



229 REUGICN 

it did not breathe the spirit of the Gospel, becd:use rt was 
not in unison with the rest of the Christian world?. Noth- 
ing of all this is clairncd,is even pretended. But the pre- 
tence of se|>uration was that they were more holy and 
niore pure than other folks, and hence they were called 
Puritmis'; but their purity did not consist in holding the 
faith, in the unity of the spirit, or in the bond of peace., 
or in more righteousness of. life than other folks. So 
Boon as they got the upper hand they murdered Charles 
the first, who, in many respects, was one of the best 
Kings that ever sat on the throne of England. Oliver 
Cromwell was proclaimed Lord Protector. Tha Bishops 
and clergy were all banished out of the kingdom ; 
Charles the second fled to France apd elsewhere, ^ law 
was made, inflicting fine, imprisonment, and even confis- 
cation -on any one who should be detected in using the 
book of Common Prayer, 'tn any church oV chapel, pri- 
vate house or family*, For the first time, he was to be 
fined five pounds sterling, for the 2d timfe 10 pounds, and 
for the 3d time to be iniprisoned one whole year and all 
his property confiscated. The kingdom, was thrown into 
confusion, and civil war, the most dreadful of all wars 
ensued. At length Charles the second wets restorcdy the 
Bishops and Clergy were recalled, the Puritans fkd ta 
America and elsewhere, and peace was restored. GroflT 
and Dixwell, tivo of the pretended judges of Charles the 
First, lived, and were supported and protected in a cave 
just west of New-Haven, in Connecticut, and within a 
few miles of where I was born. 

Blackstone, in his commentaries, 4th vol. p^e 104,. 
says, ^Uhat the ancient British church, %Das a stranger 
to the Bishop of Ronte^ and to dll his pretended avilwrHyy 
And in page l03, speaking of the Puritan zeal, says, 
"the dreadful effects of such a religious bigotry, wheii 
actuated by erroneous principles, even of the Protestant 
kind, are sufficiently evident from the history of the Ana- 
baptists in Gerniany, the Covenanters in Scotland, and 
that deluge of sectaries in England, %eho murdered tfieir 
sovereign^ overturned (he church and Monarchy , shook ev- 
try pillar of law j justice and private property y and most 
devoutly eOablished a kingdom of Saints in their stead,^^ 



REUGION. 221 

The very same spirit' dictated the Hue laws of ConnedU' 
cut ; murdered the Quakers in Salem, in Massachusetts ; 
fastened Roger Williams and his friends, to the tail-ends 
of ^oX'Carts and whipped them and the Baptists out of 
Boston. The same disposition fined and imprisoned the 
Rev. Mr. White, in Windham, in Connecticut ; silenced 
the Rev. Mr. Robbins of Branford, for more than 20 
years, without hearing or trial ; divided and broke up 
their own church in ^Valiingford ; persecuted me for 
almost 20 /ears, and finally on the charge of crimes said 
to have been committed in Griswold, when I was not 
within 100 miles of the place, and by suppressing my 
testimony, refusing to send for witnesses, overruling the 
law of evidence, admitting a perjured person and a ly- 
ing, thievish negro to testify, I was actually condemned 
and imprisoned for two who^e years, and deprived of 
almost every thing which could make life desirable. 

If we take a geographical view of every part of tho 
habitable world, where shall we find any nation or coun* 
try which have embraced the christian fafih, or do now 
embrace it ; . where the Episcopal Church has not been 
received and acknowledged as th^ true medium through 
which we must enter into the kingdom of glory ? almost 
as universally as the Bible has been received, so univer- 
sally has the government of the Christian Church by 
Bishops, as the successors of the Apostles, a^ superiors 
to the Presbyters, been received and acknowledged. 
The Episcopal Church is now and always has been the 
religion of Norwav, Denmark and Sweden, of Iceland 
and GreeHand.of uermany, Prussia and the whole Rus^ 
sian Empire^ of Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and Por 
land, of Portugal, Spain, France and Italy. TheRomaa 
Catholics are, Episcopalians, perform the same service 
that we do, and a great deal more which we say is idola* 
irons y superstitious and cmti^christian. The Greek Church 
in Turkey ,in Europe, andin A?ia is an Episcopal Church ; 
The Lutherans are Episcopalians, and so are the Meth* 
odists. England, Ireland and a great part of Scotland 
are Episcopalians. The East Indies, the West Indies 
and a great part of the United States are Episcopal ian^; 
and yet James Lanman^a county attorney in Connecticuti 



222 EEU6I0N. 

eould say in 1820, that the Episcopal Church wan onfg 
the pretended Christian Religion, the Superior Court said 
it was true, and I was persecuted in New-London Coun- 

gy and imprisoned two jears for preaching this Religion, 
ut let any man take a map of the world, and put ^his 
finger upon ' Any part of the habitable globe where the 
Christian Religion has been received and acknowledgd, 
and there the Episcopal Church has also been received 
and acknowledged as a part of it. I appeal to every man 
of common science, 'truth and candor as a witness of tho 
truth of what T say — Because there are some Republi- 
cans in England, it will not be correct to say that Eng- 
and is a Republic. Because there are some monarchists 
in the United States^ it will not be correct to say that 
they are a Monarchy. Because there are some Presby- 
terians and others in Europe, and because there are. 
some Congregational Presbyterians and others in Con- 
necticut and elsewhere, it will not be correct to say that 
the Christian Church is not an. Episcopal Church. Of 
all the difibrent denominations and pcjrsuasions, we know 
the time when they began ; we know the place where 
they began ; and we know the persons by whom they be- 
gan. iNow let any one do this of the Episcopal Church, 
short of Moses a(^d Aaron in the Jewish Church, and 
short of our Saviour and his Apostles in 'the Christian 
Church, and the controversy will be at an end. This is 
a fair offer — it is a fair challenge : — We name every^ 
High Priest insudceBsiony from Aaron to Christ, and ev- 
ery Bishop from Christ in succession to the pr^ent day. 
He has been with them always, and the gates of hell, 
according to div'ine promise, have not prevailed. ' How 
do we know that the Bible, wKich we a^cknoweldge and 
use, is the same which was used a thousand years ago ? 
I answer, because it has been acknowledged; received 
and used as such in all parts of the world ; there always 
have been some who would not acknowledge its divitie 
authority nor submit to its injunctions. Mow do we 
know that the Episcopal Church is the true Church of 
Christ ? I answer, because it has been acknowledged, 
received and used as such in all parts of the world ; — 
thete always haw been some sectaries who would not 



REUGIOIi. 22S 

acknowledge its authority, nor submit to its ordinance? ; 
but this does not prove the Church to be wrong.. If any 
denomination can trace thevr authority, as the Episco- 
palians can, we are willing to give them the right hand of 
fellowship. And think not, I beseech you, tbat this is a 
matter of small consequence; for as is our authority, 
such must be our adrlfiinistrations : and he who departs 
from the government or authority of any society does 
ipsojdcto, h e. by that very act, depart from the society 
itself. If the Episcopal government of the Christian 
Church be its true government— if the authority to 
preach, to baptize, to administer the sacrament, &c. was 
given to that Church, and has been transmitted to us by 
a succession in that Church, it must be evident that it «9 
dangerous to depart from that Church ; and that it is the 
duty and interest, yea, the immortal interest of every one 
to return to that Church from which neitber they nor 
their fathers ought ever to have separated . These arc 
the sincere sentiments of my heart ; and I beseech the 
reader not to think me his enemy, because I am not a 
hypocrite; because I do not ask his friendship at the 
dreadful expense of every thing which may be valuable 
to an immortal soul.. If I be mistaken I pray God and 
you, and the whole world to forgiye me; My excuse is 
that I have carefully examined the case in the fear of 
God ; I have jead and prated, and inquired ; and the 
result is, that I do believe the Episcopal* Church to be 
of divine authority ; that in it the,sacraments are rightly 
and truly administered ; that the means of divine grace 
are in it truly dispensed ; that the doctrines are in every 
point of view honorable to God, useful to man, and- 
agreeable to scriptures ; that the yvorship is founded 
upon the authority of God's word, is edifying and agree- 
able to the best reason of mankind, and is in unison- 
with the rest of the Christian world ; for these reasons 
/ am a churchman, and for these reasons I have endeav- 
ored to instruct and persuade others. 

THE DOCTRINES OF THE CHURCH. 

These are contained in the holy^ Scriptures of the Old 



and New Tesfamentv and ar6 summed up in the ApcMi- 
tles' Creed, viz. We believe in God the Father, who has* 
made us and all the world — We believe, in God the Son 
who has redeemed us and all mankind — and we believe in 
God the Holy Gliost who sanctifies ps ond all Ae people 
of God. The very foundation of the Christian Religion, 
is the reconciliation of a fallen^ wicked, degenerate 
world of mankind to the favor of God the Father, by the 
death and propitiation of God the Son ; thro' the sancti- 
iyin^ influence of God the Holy Ghost 

For about 1600 years the £p. Ch. of £ng. had existed 
without any other articles of religion than the Holy Scrip- 
tures, the creeds and the different officers of the Church 
But when our forefathers we.re about separating, the 3? 
articles were prepared, composed and adopted, with a de- 
signed latitude to embrace the Dissenters, and if possible 
to prevent their separation, and to guard the Church 
against the Rom^ Catholics. There were then and are 
now, FIVE POINTS OF DOCTRINE in which our forefathers 
differed materially from the Church of England.' 

1st. They held that God Almighty had from all eterni- 
ty elected one part of mankind to everlasting life and 
happiness in the other world, without any regard to their 
c6nduct in this ; and that he had in th^ same manner 
passed by and foreprdained all the rest to everlasting 
death and misery. Ii^ thejr Confession of Faith, as re- 
vised and agreed upon in Philadelphia, 1821, page 16, 
are these words, viz. " By the decree of God for the 
manifestation of his gMry, some nien and angels are pre- 
destinated unto everlasting life, and others are Joreordain- 
f4 lo everlasting death, and these men and angels thus 
predestinated and thus foreordained are particularly and 
unchangeably designed, and their number is so certain 
find definite that it cannot be either increased or dimin- 
ished ; and all of his mere free grace and love, without 
any furesight of faith, or good works, or perseverance in 
either of them, or any thing else in the creature as con- 
ditions or causes moving him thereunto." 

The Episcopal Church has always denied this dodriwi 
and held and taught, that God Almighty has determined, 
from all eternity, to bestow everlasting life and happioes* 



AELIGION. M 

after death, upon i^ll those in every nation, country, Ian* 
gua£ce and persuasion, under Heaven, who, in this life,' 
shall live in obedience to his holy laws and die in that 
faith ; and that he never will inflict everlasting death 
upon any, except thoi^e who live in sin and die without 
repentance. 

'They say in the 321st page of their Confession, re- 
punted in Utica, 1822, "That the decrees of God are 
bis eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, 
whereby for his own glory he hath foreordained whatso- 
ever comes to pass." We say, if nothing can come to 
pass but what is according to God's will, and for his glo- 
ry, then there can be no sin in the world, unless it be a 
8%n to do Gofi^s mil ; they need no repentance, they need 
no Saviour, for they are as pure as the angels themselves; 
for they can do no more than to do every thing accord- 
ing to the counsel* of God's will, and for his glory ! We 
believe that God Almighty has from all eternity freely 
and unchangeably foreordained and decreed his own ac- 
tions, i. e. that he will, in one way or another, either 
here or hereafter, reward virtue and punish vice ; but 
we do not believe that he has decreed all the actions of 
all his creatures, and then that he will punish them eter- 
nally for doing that which he had decreed they should 
do and which was according to the counsel of his will, 
and for his pwn glory. * . 

2d. They held that Jesus Christ never died for more 
than one part of mankind, and that he never redeemeG 
any but the elect only. Therefore, they ask in their 
catechisrn. Did God leave all mankind to perish ? Ans. 
God, having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eter- 

• **4f all things succeed, as alwaya deci-eeri. 
And tliat Fate and Destin^r rule us; 
• ' Then to preacli and to pray, is time thrown away 
And our teacliers do nothing but fool us ; 
But if by freewill, wd can go or stand still. 
As best suiu each present occasion, 
. Then fill up the glass, and call him an Ass, 
Who stands on Predestination. 
Amen, to be it" 
f^o ion or daughter of Adam, can be jusUy bl&med for not do'in^ thai 
V^ch God never put it into their power to do; or for doing that whieh m 
■Berly out of their power to avoid doing. 
|cjr Wbore tbcare is no (roe afency, there if nb aooomtability. 



t» REUGION. 

niiy, ek^ed sotm to everlasting life, did enter into a cove-* 
Rant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin 
and misery, and to bring them into a state of salvation by 
a Redeemer. And in the 19th page of their Confessioa 
they say expressly, " Neither are any other redeemed 6y 
Christy effectually called, iustified, adopted, 'sanctiJUd and 
$avedj biU the elect only ;'' and they are elected without 
any foresight of faith, obedience, or good works or anv 
thing else. * 

In answer, the Episcopal Church holds that Jesus 
Christ has tasted death for every one ; that he made a 
propitiation for the sins of the whole world. In the com* 
munion service we say, " That Jesus Christ, who made 
there, by his on^ oblation of himself, once oOered, a AiU^ 
perfect and sufficient sacrifice, ob)ation and satisfaction 
for the sins of the 'vhole world ;" and that every son and 
daughter of the human race, is now put into such a sit- 
uation that they may obtain eternal lite and happiness in' 
the other world, if they will only use the means which 
God has in great mercy provided for them, in and 
through the death and su^erings of his own Son in this 
world 

3(«. Iney fiuirt that mankind are now, nucwithstand- 
ing all that Chri^it has done and suffered for them, totally 
depraved ; that they are wholly inclined to all kind of 
evil, and entirely disabled to all kind of good ; that they 
are utterly indisposed, disabled and made opposite to aL 
^ood, and wholly inclined to all evil. Ip answer, the Epis- 
copal Church holds that, since Jesus Christ is the light 
which lighteth every man that cometh into the world ; since 
the manifestation of the .spirit is given to every man to 
profit withal, no son nor daughter of the human race is 
now so depraved but that he may comply with the over- 
tures of Divine mercy— and may be saved ;, even infant 
children have their original sin washed away by the 
blood of Christ, and never having committed any actu- 
al transgression, may be savfd. We hold that Divine 
grace is in proportion to Divine requirement ; that if 
God invites all men to be saved, and requires all men to be 
save4 : he puts it into the power of all men to be saved, 
and if all men are not saved, this will be their condena- 



KkUGION. 

nation, that light has come into the world, and that th^y 
have loved darkness when they might and ought to have 
done otherwise. Every man shal] be judged according to 
that he hath done, considering the light and knowledge 
that he had or might have had, for there is ho respect of 
persons with God.— They that have the law of (#od or na- 
ture, shall be judged according to the law of God or na- 
ture* and they that have th«» law of the Gosnol shall 
be judged according .o the law of the Gospel , ror to 
whom much is given from them shall much be required. 
If mankind are, as some people pretend, so totally de- 
praved, that they cannot accept the offers of grace and 
salvation, they m<»st certainly, are none the better for 
these oilers. But the Armenian principle on the other 
hand, that mankind are. not naturally more inclined to 
.evil than they ar^ to good ; and that therefore con- 
version and regeneration are not necessary, is contradic- 
ted bj( scripture and by our own daily observation. And 
it is a scRndal upon the Episcopal Church to say, that 
because they are not Calvin 'sts they are Armenians. 
The Episcopal Church sjjys expressly in her form of 
baptism, — " Forasmuch as all men are conceived and 
born in sin, and our Saviour Christ saith, none can ente:* 
into the kihudom of God, except he be regenerated am' 
bom anew of water and of the Holy Gkost?^ This is un^ 
der the Gospel, In our .General Confession we constant- 
ly acknowledge that we have followed too much the de- 
vices and desires of our own hearts; that there is no 
health in us. And in the Collect for the second Sunday 
.n Lent : Almighty God, who seest that we have no 
. power of ourselves, to help ourselves, keep us, both out 
wardly in our bodies, and inwardly in our souls, &c. But 
because we have no power of ourselves, it is Yiot to say, 
that divine grace is not given to us, and that it is not suf* 
ficient for us. ' 

4th. They held that the true and saving grace of 
God was never given to, nor designed for; more than one 
part of mankind ; and that to them it was without an/ 
foresight of faith, obedience, or good works, or any thing 
else on the part of the creature ; and that it wasabsMule- 
ly irresistible in their conversion and final salvaiioii. In 
•nswcr, we Lold, wi:h Saint Paul, that the grace of God^ 



REUGIQN 

thai yrery gnic« wiiicfa onngem »«» fatton, hath apjyeared 
unto all meuj teaching us that denying ungodliness and 
ivqrldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously and 
godly in this present world. But that this grace is given 
in such a manner that it nrny be resisted, and on that 
account the Apostle advises us not to resist the Spirit, 
not to do despite to the Spirit of grace, not to grieve nor 
quench the spirit by living in sin and hardening pur 
hearts against the overtures of divine mercy. We hold 
that the grace of God which bring eth salvation is a3 
extensive and as universal as the oflers and calls of 
salvation ; and that if people perish, it must be for 
not being saved, when they might hav^ been saved^ 
else why can they be justly blamed ' for not being sa- 
ved? 

5th. They held that if any person ever had one spark 
of this true and saving grace, they were sealed from that 
moment, unto salvation, and they never ^ could fall from 
it. That " God did from all eternity decree to ^justify 
all the eled,^^ &c. and that " they can never fall from a 
state of juatijicaiion,^^ Is not this Antinomianism ? God 
will justify the elect let them do what they will ! what 
would be a sin in othei-s would dot be a sin in them f In 
tn^Wer, the Episcopal Church hold with our Saviour, viz 
that he that endureth to the end shall be saved ; that it 
IS one tnmg to have the grace of God, and another thmg 
to perserv^ in the use of it, by bringing forth the fruits of 
it in a virtuous, good life and conversation; and unless wp 
do that, we forfeit our. inheritance. These are th«% five 
POINTS of dootrineAvhich originally caused pur forefathers 

' dissenti or s^^parate from the Church of England; and 
ey are the points in which the Congregational PresbytO' 

ians in Connecticut now differ fromthe Episcopal Church. 

THE WORSHIP OF GOD IN THE CHURCH 

Another ground on which our forefathers separated 
from the Church of England was, that they disliked the 
use of the Book of Common Prayer, in the worship of 
GoA They held that the sacrifice of prayer, adoration 
and thanksgiving, ought not to be prepared beforehand 



REUGIQ^. 1 239 

Paalm tunes were not taught, and organs and other in- 
struraents of music werb an abomination. T Temerabcr 
myself to have seen some pious people leave the meeting- 
house because the 148th psalm was sung to the tune 
of Lenox. But they can now have singing schools, 
learn the gayest tunes, use. organs and other instruments 
of music ; — Stanhole and Hopkins is laid aside ; Tate 
and Braldy is laid aside : Watts is almost laid aside : 
Barlow i« laid aside : and Dwight is now in fashion. 
Once I never heard a chapter read in one of their meet- 
ing-houses in my life j now they generally read one oT 
two chapters on each Sunday ; but mind, it is by no 
stated rule ; they read such chapters as they pleasQ : 
*and riotwo of them read the same chapter at the same 
time. Once I never saw a clerical dress upon one of 
their ministers;, now they frequently wear gowns and 
bands, and you can hardly distinguish them from those 
who are really in the holy orders. Once it was offen- 
sive to cai) their meeting-houses ' churches ; now they 
call them churches, and talk of going to church, when 
they mean meeting. Once J never heard a speech made 
by them at the grave, on a funeral occasion : now it is 
not uncommon. Once I never "heard of baptism or the 
communion administered in a private house, even to a 
sick person, among them : and now it is sometimes done. 
Once I never heard of their administering the commun- 
ion at their associations : and now it is sometimes done ; 
and now I understand ihey begin to ordavi iheir Deacons. 
Once their ministers did not baptize nor administer the 
sacrament out of their own parishes ; and now I un<tier- 
. stand they do botfj. Once they objected to the celebra- 
tion of our Saviour's nativity on Christmas ; now they 
begin to open their mteting-houses for worship on that 
day. Once they appointed their fasts in the spring, on 
Easter week, when all the rest of the Christian world 
were rejoicing at the resurrection of f>ur Saviour : now 
they, with U9, appoint their fasts on Good Friday, which 
is the day when our Saviour was crucified. Once they 
objected to kneeling in prayer, even in their family wor- 
ship : now they begin to practice it. And now they bo- 
gm to keep holy Sunday night, which once they did not 



fit VELIGIOIC. 

Jbii HuTtu hardlg any thing in which they home not 6eeii 
riven to change ; and we are commanded wd to meddle loiih 
mem thai are given to change* 

In the Episcopal Church we think it our duty to have 
our sacrifice of prayer, praise, adoration, and thanksgiv* 
ibg, prepared beforehand ; that it be neither maimed^ 
nor halt, nor blind ; but that it be founded on the au-> 
thority of God's word, and the best reason of mankind ; 
that it be perfect as human language can make it ; that 
it be well understood and duly consecrated , that each 
one present should take a public, active, audible and 
visible part in it ; that it be offered in the Church and 
elsewhere, upon the alter of our hearts, and consumed 
with the fire of love to God and good will to men, and la 
unison with the rest of the Christian world. In the 
Episcopal Church, the worship of God contains every 
thing which the Christian Religion requires it to contain: 

is contained in language which every one ean under- 
stand, and offered in such a nrianner th<it every man, 
woman and child, who can speak, may speak, and ought 
to take a public, active, and audible part in it. Every 
minister is obliged to begin the public worship of God 
with* some sentences of the Holy Scriptures and that 
they may all, in every part of the state, nation, country 
ana world, begin in the same way and with the same 
words at the same time, they are selected and placed ia 
the beginning of the daily morning and evening service 
in the prayer-book ; and so . soon as the minister thus 
b^ius, the whole congregation is required to rise and 
stand The minister always begins with the Boly Scrip- 
tures, to shew that they are the K>undation of his religion^ 
the rule of his faith and conduct. The people tirise and 
stand, to. show how willing they are to receive the word 
of God, and to go any where, and to do any thing to 
obey it, as their rising and standing naturally shew. The 
minister is then required to read slowly, audibly, distinct- 
ly and understandingly, a solemn exhortation, founded 
upon the Holy Scriptures, pointing out the different parts 
of public worship, which they are then met together to 
perform, solemnizing their minds that they should not 
utter any thing hastily before God and exhorting them 



REUGION, 2S1 

to join with & pure heart md bumble Toicein what foV 
lows. The minister and all the congregation are then 
required to kneol dowi> tlevoutly upon their knces^ and 
pnake a huipble confession of their sins before God and 
one another. The mimster says, Jilmighty and nw^ 
merciful Father: the whole congregation repeat the 
same words after him with a loud but humble voice. He 
then says. We have erred and strayed from thy ways like 
lost «^€6p; the whole congregation repeat tho same word^ 
with a Joud but humble voice. He says, He havefollotor 
ed too tmch the devices and desires of our ovm hearts : the 
whole congregation repeat it after him, &Cv In this way 
there is a general and public confession made of all our 
sins, both original and actual, made in such general 
terms, that there is no son nor daughter of the human 
race who cannot conscientiously join in it : and it is so 
particular that each one may and ought to apply it to his 
own case. .God has sworn by himself, that at the nam^^ 
of Jesus y every knee ^all borOy and et^ry tongue confess. 
Here, in the Episcopal Church, every kaee, ministi^ra 
and people, of all nations, countries and . languages ia 
all the world, does bow, and every tongue does confesst 
St. Paul says, ^' wiih Vie heart man helieveth unto righte* 
ousnessy and with the mouth cor^essionis 'tnade Unto scUvor 
tion ; intimating that it was as necessary for mankind to ^ 
confess with their mouths unto salvation, as it Was to 
believe in their hearts unto righteousness. Aft^r the< 
confession, the priest is required to arise and declase to 
the congregatipn, still kneeling, the glad tidings of thei 
Gospel in the forgiveness of Qur sins, for the everlasting* 
comfort and consolation of God's people. He declares^ 
that " Almighty God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ 
will pardon and ahsohe all those who truly repent, and U9¥^ 
feignedly f)elieve his holy Gospel^ Having humbly con-» 
fessed their ^ins, and having beard God's merciful for- 
giveness pronounced by the proper officer ;, they are 
now prepared to call upon him in prayer, as their Father,, 
not only by creation and preservation, but by recoa«ilia-» 
tion. The minister shall then kneel, and with the conn 
grcgation lift up b^s voice aloud, and with one accord, in 
the Lord's prayer, which contaiAS, in £ew wor^s^, all' thor 



2t2 ti£IJ6I0If. 

real wants of mankind, fbnnded upon the Christian pfin** 
ciple of forgiveness ; that God would forgive us our 
trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us z 
"we pray for our daily bread, which embraces all the com-^ 
forts of this liffe ; we pray that his kingdom may come, 
and his will be done on earth as it is in heaven, which 
embraces all the means of grace in this world, and the 
liope of glory in the world to come. After the Lord's 
prayer, Which our blessed Saviour has positively and ea> 
pressly commanded^ Luke xi. 2, that when we did pray 
we should say; We then pray for divine assistance, aud 
then the minister and all the congregation arise, and 
standing, he says, Glory be to the Father ^ and to the Son, 
and to me Holy Ghost ; that is, glory, honor, praise and 
thanksgiving, be to God the Father for creating us, to 
God the Son for redeeming us, and to God the Holy 
Ghost for inspiring the Htoly Scriptures, for sanctifying 
' our natures, and fitting us Tor God's holy worship and 
service. The congregation, with one voice say aloud. 
^s.it was in the beginnings is now and ever shall be] world 
without end ; that is, as there was glory, honor,* praise 
and thanksgiving, in the Jewish Church, so there is now 
in the Chrfstian Church, and there ever shall be in the 
Church triumphant in Heaven. Then shall be said or 
sung to the glory, honor and praise of God, a por- 
tion of the psalms of David, a« it is appointed; so 
that every minister and congregation shall worship God 
in the same Psalms at the same time. I'he minister reads 
or jsings one ver^e, and the congregation the next ; and 
so on till the psalm or portion of psalms is ended ; when 
tjie minister shaM say, as before. Glory he to the Fathevy 
^c, and the congregation again say. As it itms in the be* 
ginning^ S^c, Here I would observe one thing, which is 
very remarkable, and which tit is probable, that not one 
person in three thousand in this country ever thought of^ 
viz. that in aB the Bible, from the beginning 6f Genesis 
to the end of the Revelations, there is not sb much as 
one verse that is in rhyme* or metre. 1 have read the 
Bible in English, Latin, Greek, and part of it in He- 
brew, and have never* been able to discover one verso 
which was in rhyme 01 metre ; and there is tio account 



KzxiGio^ m 

that the Patriarchs/ or Noah, David, or the Prof^hc^ ; 
there is no account that our Saviour, or the Apostles or 
Primitive Christians ever did worship God in this way,-* 
The song of dieses and JUiriam^ the psalms of Davicly 
the hymns and spiritual songs in the New Testament, 
are in prose. The art of poetry, in metre and rhyme, in 
the time of our Saviour, andl in the time of the phrqph* 
ets, was in the highest state of perfection. Homer an4 
Ovid, and ViFgil and Horace, are now studied in all out 
colleges 5 and the heathen^ who used to worship Grods 
of their own invention and making, used to Worship theno 
in rhyme e^d in metre ; but those who worshipped the 
true God, always worshipped him in prose ; and in the 
£piscopal Church it is now enjoined upon us, that' %o^ 
shall say or sing th$ Psalm in frosty and in this waiy therc^ 
is no one but can join in the sacrifioe ; for if he cannot 
sing he can read ; and if he cannot read, he can leara> 
by heart ; and if he cannot learn by hearty ho c^n say 
as other folks do, Tb<» whole book of Psalms is divided 
into thirty portions, so that it will be read through •pne^ 
in every month, and each minister apd people read thflt 
same portion at the sam^ time . The New Tests^ment 
is read through twice every year, and most of th^ Old 
Testament once every year ; and it is so ordered thal^ 
every minister shall read tho same cha^^ters at the sanMI 
time. My limits will not permit me to explain the wbplo. 
worship of God in the Episcopal Church. I can only 
say, thcdtJiere are good and important reasons for (i^iery 
part of it. The Christian Church was not lofl t$fi tho 
world was before it was made, iBithoutform, an4 void, wd 
darkness was upontt^ but it is reduced to a regular sy^Utm 
As we expect our bodies and souls to be glorified 1.^ 

f ether, it is proper that we should worship God with our 
odies as well as with our sou^la. The chureh, in hQP 
worship requires three postures of body, viz^ 0tanding, 
sitting and kneeling, and these should express the inward 
feelings and sensations of the heart. Wb^n we ^tund, 
it is to shew that our hearts are elev^i^d m pvai^e and 
adoration ; when we sLt, it is to shew that we jare reeeif*. 
ving instruction from pur iffefiye4|y F^er j whey w« 
kneel, it is to sb^w our hiiKulUy imd Aur dep^d^c^. 
20* 



SM REUCrOIf. 

upon 6pd Outward forms and ceremoni^.s, without tlie 
Inward feelings of the heart, are like a body without la 
j»oul, and are- of little worth. The inward feelings of the 
heart, without outward forms and ceremonies, are like a 
soul without a body: too etherlal for such beings as we 
are ; they cannot be kept steadfast on any thing ;. we 
never know where to find them. God is always the 
same.: the general wants of all. mankind are the same: 
and the public worship of God should always be the same. 
Constantly to unite in the same form of worship is not 
designed to change the unchangeable God, but to change 
ourselves to the same disposition, and a sameness of dis-t 
pqsftion, creates friendship in all beings and in all worlds, 
and by this says our blessed Saviour, shall all men know 
that you are my disciples, if you ; love one another. 
These very prayers have been used in the Church almost 
two thousand y^ars ; they elevated the hearts, they 
warmed the affections, they prepared the souls of holy 
martyrs, and confessors, and pi'imitive Christians for 
erowAs of glory ; they were the means of gi-ace to my 
ancestors and friends who have gone before me , they 
have supported me in my troublos,and carried me through 
many temptations. O, that I could conform my soul 
more thoroughly to the disposition and sentiments which . 
they contain and enjoin. I leavethem as my best legacy 
to my children, that when they join fervently in them, 
they may kiiow how their father felt, and learn to feel in 
devotion, as he did ; and as all good Christians havo 
done who have gone the way before them. 

In the Episcopal church the minister generally per- 
forms the service in one place and preaches in another ; 
and at one time he is dressed in a white surplice, at 
another time he is dressed in a black gown. The reason 
IB, that he su^stains two different offices, viz. that of a 
Priest and that of a Prophet.— When he is pei foriiiing 
the sertice, he is exercising the office of a priest: he is 
in the reading, desk, and is dressed in white, and is then 
speaking to the Almighty in behalf of himself find of the 
people. White is to shew how pure the office of the 
prieMhood is, and how pure our heart aind lives i^hould 
be When we address a God of infinite parity and boiibess^ 



RELIGION 235 

He then goes into the pulpit and is dressed in black, s^nd 
is exercising the office of a prophet, and is speaking to 
the people in behalf of the Almighty ; warning them of 
their danger, and pointing out to them their duty. Black 
is to shew how grave the office of a prophet is, and how 
solemn the important embassy is, which he is about to 
deliver to a guilty world in God's name, and as he sus- 
tains and exercises two differerit oflJces, so it is proper 
that they should be performed in two different placed, 
and distinguished by two different dresses. 

O Almi^rhty and Eternal God, I be^ech thee to 
direct ar^ assist, us at all times, and in -all places, with 
thy most gracious favour ; guard us from all error, lead 
us into all truth and righteousness, and atjast receive us 
to thyself in glory and happiness through Jesus Christ 
our Lord who has mercifully taught and commanded us 
that when we did pray we should say? — Our Father who 
art in Heaven, &;e* 

CONCORD, N. H, FEBRUARY 1, 183S. 

We htve no whh to redder ndlinc for rtiliog, or to epeek evil of ut one ; Hut>in the OLuae of jnstioe and 
li it oar duty io laybeine the public the following tHumoiqr, and to nqneit tfaem to j«df» 



for tbemdvei* 

Thii eertifiee that T have been penonally 'i.sid wri1 toc^fcltedl wUh (be REV. AMMI HIIGEJIS, for ab^vi 
one year last pait— that he baa made ny Immlm; hli tMJciif , ind iKmnttKl ia my Fimil v, ntirn ht wu tn ^oWTi i 
that i have dealt with him to the amount of a-irr lln&a ^(10 ; ihi' * titvc altra^i' round hicn (d Ne a imti <fF 
truth, of honor, of hoseaty and of strict iatCdrilT, ud w wtj luith luliLe ia r. wurrh. eii^ef u » mtnttier 
VUaman. JONATHAN EAS^rM AN. 

Ctr*Ku^ if. H, NiTD, Inf. I*M. 
I have derit witb the aforesaid Rogers to I he: imoin;! of J3i,7? yr^thla Cfoe yuu' l4*i p^r. xti\l hjllf touem 
VI tbe opiokm of Jonathan Eastman, £•■. r^^UtJvo lo Use latd Etogcia. LI'"]"RE:R hC fAW 

Ctmuwtf. ^. It Not. tti, [JOH, 



hV 

'.il „ 

Tliis certifies that I have been personally »nd nell aoq;iiirDiFd ^vilfa IhE R^v. ^ji^ri i ILxcn E^ir ibnuc o^ 
year last pp't, thft far some weeks I lived iu ihn amr Iiciup'i anrt al ibn rnnn mhlr: ^irti hla> \ HiaL wiTtun 
ttelaMvear I bavedeait withbimtotheaninjuDl or j!3t£,l!ii llui Hi^vemLwiiri (^Li&4 iAnitfi h* a i^^n nf 
tmth, of boiioir. of honesty ana of strict intwriiy, *ni no viv Justly li^tilii tn ri<nrq^li. BAN EEL THASE:. 



:"DcW. Ti. H, r^m- Stp^h ll!3aL 

ell acanainted with the aformlid Rixen Rer Al:)ma1 nut Vi 

kave dealt witb 



I have been well acquainted with the afomilid Rnitn Rer tX^/^y nut yrxt i^v ^t., tTuntig which crme E 
'" him to the amount <rf 6S,fiO|i isd f d Ly ooncitr ib tl^e aif^rmVl riTi \iU^\iiA reLail re ii Fi ' 



ULIVER L. SA^'fl<5RN. 

Crmwrii, ;^. //, /fffp. ttn< i^M, 
I have been aeqtiainted with the afbrtaaid Rn^en fAf >1»>[)I awr ytv ]«it [i»t, aipi li ^^^ diPrt 1i -vw^ ]ji.id i* 
(fee amooBt of l5iS,G0, and ooncnr in the f6i«$ci;iig cerM Boieil ilLlRAl I L^ H I LL tc Co. 

TheiroresaldRQcencaiiMtoBiykouieabDQllliiLMiif NcHT^lSat aadl liive neeiTnl of bim m<&^ 
Ml of aU dennndsto this dat& fcc * JOHN t. iiksL 

The wbole debts 998^7 [SMftfeMJ 

Tki«1wieGr«lit966£7 



BEUaiON. 



BLUE LAWS OF CONNECTICUT. 

If any man or woman be a wtch^ or hath consulteji 
with a familiar spirit ^ they shall be put to death. If anj 
person shall blaspheme, that is, speak against God thle 
Father, Son, or Holy Ghost he shall .be put to death. 
If any person comolit adultery with a ntarried womaa 
they shall both be put to death.' If any person rise up hj 
false witness against another, he shall be put to death. 
If any man have a rebellious son, who will not obey the 
voice of his father or mother, he shall be brought into 
court and shall.be put to death.' 

And whereas diverse lacivious carriages and filthy dal« 
liances are practiced among u^, it is ordered that th^ 
court have power to proceed against them at their dis* 
crttion either by fine, publicly whipping or imprisonment, 
or by all of them. If two or three shaU speak together 
privately during the setting of the court^ they shall be 
fined twelve pence apiece. If any person shall reveal 
any secret enjoined upon hiip bythe court he shall be 
fined ten pounds. If any person shall neglect or refuse 
to teach their children the short orthodox catechism, the 
magistrates shall take such children from their parents 
or guardians and shall bind them out If any person 
shall speak or behave contemptuously toward any settled 
congregational minister he shall be set upon a block at 
least four feet high in the meeting house upon a lecture 
day, with a paper upon him, written in capital letters 
THIS IS AN OBSTINATK coNTEMNOR. If any pcrsou shall 
neglect or refuse to attend the public' ministry of the 
congregational society where he resides he shall be fined 
five shillings for every such neglect. If any person do 
not belong to said church, and be not in good standing, 
he shall not be allowed fo vote for any rSScer civil or 
ecclesiastical, nor shall he hold any ofiice in the Colony. 
If any person shall commit fornication with Any single 
woman^ they shall be both whipped on their naked body 
at the post, and shall be compelled to marry. If any 
person shall wilfully lie and propagate falsehood against 
another, he shall be fined ten shillings, set in the stocks 



three hours and be pul^licly whipped on his noked body 
twenty stripes. If any person shall refuse to pay his 
meet proportion for the support of the congregational 
n^inist^r in the place whcfe he risides, then the magis- 
trate shall assess him acf:ording to his own jjud^mentj cmd 
shM collect it by force,. If any person within this Colony 
shall use any tobacco, publicly or privately, in the street 
or highway, or barnyard, on training day, or on any other 
day, he shall be fined six pence for every such offence, 
and shall pay it without saying a word against it. Andrew 
Low, jr; was severely whipped at the post, for stealing 
strong water (i.e. rwm) fn»ra Mr. Ling's cubbard, and 
ordered to work as a prisoner with a lock about. his leg. 
Jacob M. Murlin and Sarah Tuttle were severely whip- 
ped at the post and fined 20 shillings for filthy dalliance, 
that is, he kissed her, and sh^ kissed him. John Lobdel 
was whipped at the post for filthy dalliance with Mr. ' 
Goodman's girl. Samuel Hoskins and Elizabeth Cleverly 
were both severely whipped and ordered to be married. 
Margaret Bedford was severely whipped at the post and 
ordered to be married to. Nicholas Jennings with whofti 
she had been naughty, ihany hundred other cases of a »tm- 
ilar nature might be mentwned. In 1664 a man was 
publicly whipped at the post for refusing to have his 
child baptized by a congregational minister and speaking 
against infant baptism. In 1651 John Crandal was fined 
five pounds, John Clark was fined twenty pounds and 
Obadiah Holmes was fined twenty pounds and all whip- 
ped 30 stripes with a three fold cord; for meeting in a 
private house for public worship in opposition to the con- 
gregational meeting. John Spur and John Hazel were 
publicly whipped at the post, fined forty shillings and 
imprisoned for shaking hands with a person jpxcommuni- 
cated from a congregational church. In 1729 two Quak- 
ers, two Episcopalians and 28 Baptists were imprisoned , 
for not paying a tax to a congregational minister in Re*- 
hoboth. Hundred^ of such cases might be mentioned 
but I refer the reader to page 38. . In many parishes in 
Connecticut, public whipping posts and stocks may now, 
1832; be seen standing near the Congregational meet- 
ing houses. 



INULXIw* 

INDEX to THE HOLY BIBLE. 



Blessed Lord, who hast caused all Holy Scnptares to . 
be written for our learoiaff { graat that we may ia sudi 
wise hear iheoi) read, mark, learn , and inwardly digest 
them, that by patience, and comfort of thy holy word^ 
we may embrace and ever hold fast, the blessed hope of 
everlasting life, which thou hast given us in our Saviour 
Jesus Christ : who hath mercifully taught, and expressly 
commanded tis, that when we did pray, we should say^ 
Our Father who art in HeaYen^ &c. 



6Bir.^4004yaBn beibn Christ] 

GVBATIOir, 1 

Formatiun of Man, 2 
The Fall, ' 8{ 

Death of Abel, 4i 

Genei'atioQs of Adam, 5} 

Tlie Ark, 6 

The Oeluics, 7 

Waters anoaged, 8 

"Death of Noah, 9 

Noah's Geoerationa, 10 

Babel baiU, 11 

Cktlof Abram, 12 

Abram and I»t, IS 

Battle of die Kings, 14 

Abram's Faiths 1ft 

Depnrtore of Hagar, 161 

Cimtimciiion, 17' 

Abraham and the Ai^Is. 18 j 

Destruction of Sodom^ 19 

Abraham denieth Sarah, 20 

Isaac is bom, 21 1 

Isaac offered np, 22 

Death of Sarah, 2^ 

Isaac and Rebecca mee^, 24 
Abraham's death, • £5 

Isaac blessed, 26 

Jacob and .Esao, 27 

, Jacob's vision and tow, 2Sl< 
J;icob marrieth Rachel, 
Birth of Joseph, 



CHAF. 
81 



Departnre of Jacob, 
Jacob and the Angel, . 
Jacob and Esau meet, ' 83 

Shechemites slain, 84 

Jacob's altar at Bethel, 85 

Generations of Esau, 86 

Joseph sold by his brethren, 8? 

Judah's incest, 88 

Joseph and {lis rajstfess, 89 

Pharaoh's botier,&e. 40 

Pharaoh's dneams, 41 

Joseph's brethren in Egypt, 42 

Joseph entertains his brethren, 43 

Jnsepli's Policy 'to his brethren, 44 

Joseph known to his brethren, 45 

Jacob goetb into Egypt, 46 

Joseph presents his bi-ethren, 47 

Joseph goeth to his fother^ 48 

Jacob blcsseth bis sons, 49 

Death of Joseph, 50 

BXpDUS.— [1670 B. c] 

The Israelites oppressed, 1 

Moses bom, 2 

The burning bush, 8 

God's message to Pliaraoh, 4 

The bondage of the Israelites, 5 

God's promise renewed, 6 

Moses goeth to Pharaoh, 7 

Plague of frogs, 8 

PiHgues continued, 9 

Plagues toatiooed, 19 , 



mrnEX^ioa. 



The IsnMlUef borrow jeweb, 
PaMOTer instituted, 
. Departure of the laraelitei» 
' Egyptians drowned, 
TheaonsofMoeei, 
Maiuia and quails ^nC, 
If OSes builds an altar, 
Moses meets his wife and soitt» 
God's message from Sinai, 
The ten commacdments. 
Lews asainst murder. 
Laws against dieft, kc. 
Laws against false witness, flee. 
Mnees called into the mount, 
Form of the ark. 
Curtains tur tlie ark, 
▲liar of burnt offering, 
Aaron and bis sons ausfeprieftts. 
Priests consecrated, 
Ran^m of suulp. 
If oaes receiveth the two tables, 
Cvolden calf— Tables brok^, 
God Uilketh Witli Moses, 
Tables renewed. 
Free gifb for the tabernacle, 
Peop^'s liberality rest^fained. 
Ark, Mercy-seat, fcc. 
Sum of the offerings. 
Holy garments made, 
Tabeniacle annointed, 

LEVITICUS.— {1490 B. 0.] 

Burnt-offerings, 

Mi^t-offerings, 

Peace-offerings, 

Sin-uf{erin|s, 

Tresimss-onerings, . 

Trespass-offerings, 

Law of trespara-offerings, 

Aaron and his sone consecrated, 

Aaron's sin offering, 

Nadab and Abihu slain. 

Unclean beasts. 

Purifications, 

Law of leprosy. 

Law for the leper, 

Uncleanliness of issoM, 

8in-o(!erinss, 

Blooil fbrliidden. 

Unlawful marriages. 

Repetition of laws, 

Deounciationi tarnm. 



6 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

11 

12 

18 

14 

16 

16 

17 



|Prieit^l qimltficiainnfy 
Nature of sacrifices, 
Feasts of the Lord, 
Shelomith'sion, 
The Jubilee, 
Obedience required* 
Nature of vows, 

vuM BBRi.— (1490 B. ej 



CBAF» 
21 

22 
23 
24 



20 
27 



The tribes numbered, 1 
t)rder of tlie tribes, 2 
Levites appointed priests, 8 
The service of the KohadutM, 4 
Trial of jealousy, 6 
Ltiw of tlie Nazarite, 
Ofierings of the prinoef> 7 
Levitan consecrated, 8 
Passover commanded, 9 
The Iinraeli(e> march, 10 
The Israelites loathe manna, 11 
Miriam's leproiry, 12 
Delegates search the land, 18 
The people m<urmur at the report, 14 
Sundry laws given, 15 
Korah, Dathan, &c. slain, 16 
I Aaron's rod flourisheth, 17 
Portion of the Priests and Levitei, 18 
iljaw of Purification, 10 
I M OSes siniteth the rock, 20 
>Brazen serpent appointed, 21 ^ 
Bulak sendit for Balaam, 28 
I Bal'ik 's sacri fioes, 28 
I Balaam's prophecy, 24 
Zimri and Cozbi slain, 25 
Israel numbered, 26 
4 Death of Moses foretold, 27 
Offerings to be ooderved, 28 
Ofierings at feasts, 29 
Vows not* to be broken, 80 
M idianites spoiled, 81 
The Reabenites and Gadites re- 
proved, ^ 82 
! Jonmies of the IsraeKfes, 88 
! Borders of the land appointed, M 
I €i( ie^ of refugA appointed, 85 
G iJead's inher itanoe retained, 86 



DBUTBROROMT.— [1490 B. C 1 

Moeesrehearselh God's promise, 1 
Story of tlie Edumites, 2 

lMoseiipniyethtoteeCanaan» 3 



•0 



ma^ka. 



CHAP. I 

. An exhortation to obedience, 4. 

Ten dinunantftnents, 6 

Obedienoe to the law eiuoined, 6 

fitrange conimunion forbidden, 7 

God's mercies claim obedience, 8 

. Israers rebellion rehearsed, 9 

Tlie tables restored, 10 

An exhortation to obedience, 1 1 

Bbod forbidden, 12 

Idolaters to be stoned. Id 

: Of meats, clean and unclean, 14 

Of tlie year of release, 15 

Tlie feast of tlie Passover, 16 

Tlie choice and duty of a Kmg, 17 

The priest's portion, 18 

; Cities of refuge appointed, 19 

: Tlie Priest's exhortaiioo befbre 

battle, ' 20 

. Expiation of uncertain murder, 21 

Of humanity towards brethren, 22 

Divers laws imd ordinances, 28 

Of Divorce, 24 

^ Stripes must not«xceed forty, 25 

Of tlie offering of first fruits, 26 

, The law to be written on stones, 27 
Blessings and curses declared, 
God's covenant with his peofJe, 

Mercy {iromiwd to the penitent, 80 

. Mo«HS giveth Joshua a charge, 81 

•Tlie soni( of Moses, 82 

The majesty of God, 33 

Moses vieiveth the land and di< 

eth, U 

JOSHUA.— [1451 B. C] 



•VAP. 

The lot of Benjamioj 1^ 

The lot of Simeon, 1# 

Cities of refnge, &c. ^ 

God givetli Israel rest 21 
The two tribes and half wnt 

home, 2S 
Joshua's exhortation before hie 

deaths '28 

Joshuats death and burial, 24 

JUDGiES.— [1425 B. c] 

The acts of Judah and Simeon, 1 

1'lie Israelites fell into idolatry, 2 

Tlie nations left to prove Israel, 8 
Deljorah and Barak deliver Israel, 4 
The song of Deborah and 'Barak, 5 
The Israelites oppressed by Mi- 

dian, 6 

Gideon's army, ' 7 

Tlie Gpliraimltes paciiied, 8 

Abimelech made kins, ' 9 

Tolath judgeth Israel, 10 

Jephthah's rash vow, 11 

The Epraimites slain, 12 

Samson born, )3 

Samson's marriage and riddle, 14 

Samson is denied his wife, ]5 

Delilah's falsehood to Samson, 16 

M icah's idolatry, 17 
The Danites seek an inheritance, 18 

Tlie Levite and his concubine, . 19 

The complaint of the Levite^^ 20 

BefTJamin's dissolution bewailed, 21 



JodhUa sucoeedetli Moses,' ' 1 

Rahab concealeth die spies, 2 

The waters of Jordan divided, 8 

Twelve stones fiir a memorial, 4 

Manna ceaseth, 5 

Jerichfi besieged and taken, 6 

Achan's sin punished, 7 

Joshua tnketh Ai, 8 

Tlie craft of the Gibeonitcs, 9 

The sun and moon stand still, 10 
Divers kings conquered. 

Names of Uie conqueru4l kings, 12 

Balaam slain, 13 

The iiilieriunce of the tribes, 14 

The borders of the Jot of Jcdah, 15! 

Ephraim's inlierifuKse, 16] 

The lot of Mana»eh, 17] 



RUTH.— [1312 b. c] 

Etiraelech driven into Moab, 
Ruth gleanedi in Boaz's field, 
Boaz's lx>unty to Kndi, 
Boaz uiarrieth RuUi, 

SAMUEL.— [1171 B. C] 

Samuel horn, 
I Hannah's s^ing. 



11 The Lordcalleth Samuel, 
Eli's death, 

Dagon fdleth befor^ die ark. 
The ark sent back. 
The Israelites repent. 
The Israelites desire a king, 
SaiBuel entfertaiueth Saul, 



I 
2 
3 
4 
5 

a 

1 

3 

9 



.WXBX^te 



10! 



•^Pbe Ammonites nnitttti« 
j^uniiers ioiegri^jj - , 
,fiuil reproved, 
Saul's victory, 
fiaul ipnreth Agi^f, ^ '■ 
Samuel annointe4iDi|yi4^ . 
JDavid slayethjOpIiatli, 
Jonathan*!! love to David, 
8au I's je^louBy of. Diivid, . 
David and Jonathan eonvlt* 
:Pavid feigi^ hinjielf mad* 
Nob destroyed, ,, 
flavid rescuedi Keilab,. 
Djavid spareth Said, 
The death of Samuel, 
David fii^tbS|«utas]oepft . i 
David fleeth to Gath, 
ISaol octnsults )i:iii[ilch, 
Achish dismissetli Davidi 
AmaleV^ites spoil Ziklag, . 
8anl a)id his tons sb^n, 

II. lAMUBL.— {1(KM B. €.] 

David laments Saul, 
David made king of Jqdab, 
Joah killetli Abner, 
Ish-boshcth murderad, 
David^s a^e and reign, 
Uzxah smitten, 
God's protuise-to David, 
David's officers, 
Daviil sends for Mephlbothedi 
Hanan's villany, 
Davifl's adultery, 
Natliaii's parable, 
Amnon and Tamar, 
Absolein's return, 
Abflolein's politnr, 
Shimei curseth D^vid, 
Ahithophel hanseth himself 
Absolem slain by Joab, 
Slimei is pardoued, 
Sbeba's revolt, 
Saul's sons hanged, 
David'i) thanksgiving, 
David's faith, 
David nuniboreth the people^ 

I. KINOti— {1017 B. O*] 

SokNiMm anointed king, 



David*! detttHy ' 

U) Sokmion GhooeethwiidM% 
12 3ok>mon's piyMperily^ 
18 fliramandSokNpoHagrn,^ 
14 'The buiUfiDg of tM tompl^ 
10 ^Omamenuiof the templb, 

16 The temple dedicated^ ; 

17 GodVtDQtetaflt wiUiSolonoi^ 

18 Theaiieenof Sbeba« 
10 Ahijah's prophecy, 
90 Tlie ten tribes revolt, 
21 'Jeroboam's hand witfasrad, 

Abijah's sickness and death, 

23 Jerobpaiti's sin punished, 

24 Jericho rabaih, 

25 The widow's ion raised, 

26 Eiijah obuineth rain, 

27 Elish^followelh Elijah, 

28 Samaria besieged, 

29 Naboth stoned, 
80 Ahab sediivxid, 
81 



CHJLP.i 

' 'J 

M 

■ 4 

9 

9 

7. 

8 

f 

10 

11 

IS 

18 

U 

IS 

16 

17 

18 

10 

91 

21 

22 



II. itiiTGi;— £896 B. c] 

Mbab reb^Iledi, l' 

1 EHjnh's translation, 9 

2 Moabites defeated, 8 
8 The widow's dil multiplied, 4 
4 Naaman cleansed, 6 

6 A fiimine in Samaria, . 8 
Plenty in Samaria, 7 

7 Ben-HaJad killed, 8 ' 

8 Jexeljel eaten by dogs, 9 

9 Propliets of Baal slain, 10 
lOl.Jehoasb anointed king, 11 

11 iThe .temple repaired, 12 

12 lElisha's death, 18 
18 lAmariah reigneth, 14 

14 Azariah's leprosy, 10 

15 Alias's wicked reign, 10 

16 Ten tribes taken captive, 17 

17 Rabshakeii's blaspliemy, 18 

18 Hezekiah's prayer, 10 
19| Hezekiah's death, 20 
20 Monassetli's iniquity, 21 
2i| Huldahprophesieth, 22 
22 Josiah destroyeth the idolaters, 28 
28 Ju>lab uken captive, 24 
24 The temple destroyed, 20 

1. CHRp5ICLlS.~[4004 B. C] 

Adam's hne to Noah, 1 






The poftsrityof I«ati; 8 

ThetowolrsfM, 9 

The poMerity of Jodab^ 4 

Thelineof fUBbeOy 6 

The 0OIM of Lnri,' 6 

Tlie none of Iflnchar, 7 

The atHw of Bttfijamni, 8 
Genealogm of Israel and lodab» 9 

fiaal's overthrow and dentb, 10 

David omde kiw of Itrael, II 
- Thearmies that helped Daind^ 
David fistnbed die ark, 
Hiram*! kfaidoeai to David, 
David bringechthe ark to ZioD, 
David's psalms of tbarihviviiig, 
Ifathan's message to David, 
David's victories, 
David's message iH-treated, 
Balibah taken aod spoiled. 
The plagpe stayied, 
Fueparatimi for the temple, 

Sobmon made king, 23 

The order of Aaroo'e sods, ■ 24 

The number of the singers, ' 25 

The division of the porters, 26 

The twelve captains, 27 

David's exbortHtioa, 28 

David^s reign end dead), 29 

II. CHROHlCLXf .•— [1015 B. C] 

* Solomon's offering, 1 

Solorooh sendetli to Hhwn, 2 

The buikling of tlie temple, 8 

The vessels of the temple, 4 
The temple finished, . 6 

Soionion blesseth the people, 6 

Solomon's sacrifice, 7 

Solomon buildeth cities, 8 
The queen of Sliefaa visiteth Bolfr- 

. mon, 9 

Rehoboam made king, 10 

Jndah Ftrengthened, II 

Rehuboam's reign a^nd death, ]2i 

Abijah overcometh Jereboam, 13 

Asa destroyeth idolatry, 14 

Asa's covenant with Grod, 16 

Asa's death and burial, 16, 

Jehu<4iphat'b sood raign, 17 

Micaih'd proj^iecy, 18 1 

Jehosaphat's care for jnscioe, 19 

Jehosaphat's feet and prayer, 20 

Jebonun's wicked reign, 21' 



Abasiab'bwidMd nifi^ 
JoashmadeJEiiig, 
Zechariah stoned^ 
The Edomites ovcreone» 
Uziah's lepraey, ^ 
Jotham's ^ooiCrai^, 
Alias's nvicked reign, ' 
Heiekiah's good rei^« 
The possover prodaimed. 
Provision for the priests, 
12 HeKkiah's death. 



Maoasseb'h wicked reign^ 
Josiah's good reign, ^ 
7osiah swin in tinttle, 
Jerusalem destroyed, 

szsaJ— [586 B. e.] 



m 

14 



89 
81 
82 
88 
84 
88 
88 



The proclamation of Cvras,^ 1 

The people return fixMnJBabfhm, 9 

The altar creeled, 8 

The decree of Artaxerset, 4 

Tatna's letter to Darios, 6 

'The temple fittislied, 6 

,Esra ffo^ to Jerusalem, 7 

Ezra keepeth a feast, 8 

Ezra's prayer, ^ 

Ezra's mourning, 18 

BXHEMIAH.— {146 b. C.] 

Nehemiah moumeth for JeriMi- 

lem, 1 
Artaxerxes eneourageth Nehemi- 
ah, 2 
The names of die builders, 8 
Nehemiah appointeth a watch, 4 
Reformation of usury, 5 
Sanbollat's practices, ^ 
Uanani and Hananinh's cbai^fe, 7 
The reading uf the law, 8 
A solemn fiist appointed, 9 
Tlie points ■ of the covenant, 10 
Who dwelt at Jerusafem, 11 
The high priests sucoessioo, 12 
, Divers abuses reformed, 18 

■sthxb.^621 B. c] 

Aluumerus' royal fisut, 1 

Esther kAdeqiieen, 2 

riamao despised liy Mordecai, 8 

The mounm^ of (he Jews^ 4 



mv^*^ 



JEither (j)tuiwl]r ti»ki«fV ;&vor, 
llDrd«cai*8.good wrf ica, 
Haman i^anged. 
The reioiciog of tbe jews, 
Hainan's ten mm* hvnfed^ 
Mordecai's advancemejit. 

jaB.-*-[52(>B. 0.] 



^ Job*8 loMes and temptailioMy 1 

Job smitt^ with biles,' 2 

M.cursetli the day of faai birtb» 8 

£!i|ihaz reproveth Job, ■- 4 

Afflictions are fix>in God, l» 

Job wisheth for deatli , 6 

Job exctiseth his desire of death, 7 

Bikbd sbeweth Ood's juetioe^ 8 

The innocent ofien afflicted, 9 

Job ex})ostuIateth with God, 10 

Zophar reproveth Job, 11 

God's omnipotenoe maiftt^iiied, 12 

Job's confidence in God, 18 

The conditions of man's life, 14 

Eliphaz reproveth Job, 16 

Jotj reproveth his friends . 16 

Job's appeal, to God, 17 

BMdad reproveth Job, 18 

Job's complaint of his friend, . 19 

The portion of the wicked, 20 

iThe destruction of the wicked, 21 

Job accused of divers sii|s, 22 

God's decree is immutable, 28 

Sin goeth ofWn unpunished, 24 
Man cannot be iuscified befent 

God« » 

Job reproveth Bildad, 26 

The hypocrite is wiiboat hope, 27 
Wisdom is the gift of God, 
Job beoioaoeth iiinuieK^ 

Job's honor turned to contempt* 80 

Job profesfietb his inlegritgr, 81 

Elihu reproveth Job, 82 

Etihu reasonetb with Job, 83 

God cannot be wilost, 84 
Comparison not to be made witfi 

God, 85 

The justice of God's ways, W 

God's great works, 87 

God's wisdom is unsearchable, 88 

God's.power m his creatnres, 89' 

Job humbieth himself to God, 40| 

^k>d'8 po^r in the creatkm, 41 



FtALlI 

P8ALm<^1047 B. c] 

Happing of the godly, 1 

The kingdom of Christ, 8 

Tlie security of God's protectioD, 8 

|David prayeth for audience, 4 

David's pi-ofessioo of has fiiirh, '6 

David's complaint in siekness, 6 

The destruction of the wicked, 7 

God's kive to man, 8 

God praised for His judgments, 9 

The outrage of the wicked, 10 

God's providence nnd justice, 11 

David cravech God's lielp, . 12 

David boasteth of divine sDercy, 18 

Tlie natural soan described, 14 

A citizen of Zion described, 15 

David's hope of bis caHing, 16 

David's hope and confidence, 17 

David praisedi God, 18 

l>avid praveth for grace, 19 

The chnrcb's eonfirtence in God, 29 

A thanl^giving for victory, 21 

David's complaint and prayer, 28 



David's confidence in God's grace, 28 
God's worship in the world, 
David's oonMenoc in praver, 
David resorteth unto God, 
David's loye to God's service, 
I>avid blessediGod, 
Why God. must be honored, 
David's praise for deliveranccf, 
David rejoiceth in God's nercy. 
Who are blessed, 
God is to be praispd. 
Those blessed who trust in God, 
David praveth for his safiety. 



24 
26 
26 
2f 
26 
29 
89 
81 
82 
88 
84 
88 
86 
87 



limb's age M deoith. 



The exceUenc^ of God's mercy, 
David persuadeth to patienos, 

'David moveth God to compassion 88 

The brevity of life, • 89 

Obedience the bes^ saerihce, 49 

God's care of the poor, 4l 

Davjd?s seal to serve God, 42 

David prayeth to be nestored* 48 

Tbc church's complaint to God, 44 
The majesty of Christ's kingJom, 48 

The chvrrii^ jconfidence in God, 46 

Tlie kingdom of Chnst, 47 

Tlie privi leges of the churcfa^ 48 

Wor4dly pvosperity 'Contemned, 49 

€bd'8 majesty in the church, '60 

Dnvid's prayer, and oMiJnsioB, 61 



M4 



•UlbfiX,! 



PtALHSl| 



DttTi4'ieoiifiifaBM in God, < 621 

Tbe natural man .deKribed, 63 

Dand'sprayvibr nhation, 64: 

JDaTid's oomplaiat in pnfer» -65' 

David's promiae of pnite, 66 

David b prmr fleetb to God, 67 

David dolcribctb the wieked, 68 

David prayeth for ddiveranoe, 69 
Divid's eomfort in God's promia- 

David voweth pemeCnal aenrioe, 61 1 
IVo trust in worldfjr things, 62| 

David's thimfor Gctl, esj 

David's conplaint of bis enemies, 64 
Tiie b fcs s e d uM s of God's chosen, 66 
David exhortetb to praise God, 66 
A prajrer for God's kingdom, 67 
A prayer at the removing of die 



God Id be prawd cBeciiuihr, 
David's profession of godliness 
God's mercies to be recorded, 
God blespvd for his oonstancj, 
God wonderfol in providence. 



Tbe pbgues of Egypt, 
Israel's rebellion, 
God's manifokl pmvidenoe, 
David's oonfideooe in God, 



Ark, 

David's complaint in aiBiction, 
David's prayer for the godly, 
David's prayer for 
David's prayer for 
The righteous sustained, 
Davkl prayeth for tbe sanctuary, 
Davkl reboketh the proud, 
God's nujesty in the church 
David's combat with difiidence, 
God's wrath agamst Israel, 
The psahnists complaint, 
David's png^er for the ehnrcb. 
An exhortation to praise God, 
David raproveth the judges. 
The cboroh's enemies, 
David loogeth for the sanctuary, 
David pra^ for mercies, 
David's complaint oi the nrood. 
The nature and gkiry ot the 

church, 
David's ffrevious complaint, 
God praised for bis power, 
God's providence set forth, 
Tbe sUte of the £odly, 
God pnused for bis {[reat works, 
Tbe migesly of Christ's kin^- 

doip, 
David's compkint of impiety. 
The dai^ of tempting Gbd, 
God praised for hii greatness 



68 
60 
70 
71 
72 
78 
74 
76 
76 
77 
78 
79 
80 
81 
82 
88 
84 
86 
86 

87 
8S 
89 
90 
91 



The majesty of 

All creatures exhorted I* pfaise 
God, "^ 98 



G^dtoboworriuppad, 



101 
102 
103 
104 
106 
106 
107 
108 
David's complaint of his enemies, 108 
The kingdom of Christ, 110 

€rod waned for his work?. Ill 

The happiness of the godly, 112 
,Ck>d praised for his mercy, US 

An exhortation to praise, 114 

The vanity of idols, 115 

David studieth to be thankfol, 116 
God praised for his mercy aind 

truth, 11? 

David's trust in God, 118 

Meditation, prayer and praise, 119 
David prayeth against Doeg, 120 
The safety of the godly, 121 

David's joy for the church, 122 

The go%^i con6draoe in God, 123 
TbecharehblessethGod, 124 

A prayer for the godhr, 125 

The church prayeth for merciei, 126 
Tbe virtue of OrNi's blessing 127 
Those blessed that fear God, 128 
llie haters of the church cursed, 129 



God to be hoped in, 180 
David professeth his humility, 181 
David's care for the ark, 182 
Tbe benefitt of the saints' com- 
munion, 183 
An exhortation to Mess God, 134 
God praised for bis judgments, 186 
God praised for roanifoJd mer- 
cies, 138 
The constancy of the lews, 187 
David's confidence in God, 138 
David defieth the wicked, 188 
David's prayer for deliverance, 140 
David prayeth for sincerity, 141 
David's comfort in trouble, 142 
David complaineth of his grief, 143 
David's prayer for his kiwom, 144 
God's help to the godly^ 145 
David voweth perpetual ptaise 

to God, 148 

God praised for his. providence, 147 



89 lAUeraativei should pniie Gad, l4» 



IMD15X»aM» 



M$ 



P8ALM8. 

God praised £>r bis benefit!, 149 
God praised upon instruments, 160 



THX PBOrSBBS.— £1000 B. €.] 



CUAF* I 



. The use of the proverbs, 
llie benefit of wisdom. 
Exhortation to sundry duties. 
Persuasions to obedience. 
The mr8cbie& of whoredom. 
Seven thinjps hateful to God, 
Description of a.hadot. 
The call of wisdom, 
The ddctrine of wisdom. 
Virtues and vices contrasted^ 
Continued, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 16, 

17; 13, Id, aO, 21, 22, 23, 24 
Obeervations about kings^ 
Sundry maxims. 
Sundry maxims. 
Observations of impiety, . 
or public government, 
Agur's prayer, 
LejDQUeCs lessons of cbarity. 



ISAIAB.-^760 B* cul 



CHAP. 



Tsaiah*s complaint of Jodah, 
Christ's kingduin prophesied. 
The oppression of the hileia, 
ChristlB kingdom a sanctuary, 
2] I God's jndgmeots lor sin, 
8 Isaiah's vision of (iod'sg^oiy, 
Christ promised, 
Israel and Judah threatened. 



1 

% 
.» 

4 
8 
6 
7 
8 



The church's joy in Christ^s birth, 9 



26 

261 

27( 



XCiCLBSIASTSS.— £977 B, C] 

The vanity of all humaa thingib 

Wisdom and ibll^ have one «q4* 

A* time for all things. 

The good of impieqtai^^, , 

The vanity of riches, • 

The conclusion of vanities^ 

B^medies agains^ Vfimties, 

Kinn are to be fespeffl^ 

\y isdom is better than,KiBq0d^ 

Ojtwi^om and folly. 

Directions for chanty. 

Tie preacher's care |p,i9(lii^, 

^ONG OF lOLOIfOir^lOUB.C 

Tiie church's Jove to Gbvistj 
Christ's care of tiie cburcti, 
Thf church glorieth in Cbdft^ 
T%/^ graces of the church, 
Christ's love for hiatbiph* 
Th« cliurch's fejth ia Christ, 
The graces of the church, 
TIm calling of the Gfotibi^ 

21» 



1 

2 
8 
4 
6 
6 

I 

9 
10 
11 



10 
11 
12 
IS 
14 
15 
16 
IT 
18 
19 
20 
21 
^2 
28 
24 



God s judgments upon Israel, 
Tlvs calling to the Oentiles, 
Thankfigivmg for God's nc 
Babylon tltreatened, 
Iflrfiel's restftration. 
The lamentable state «f Moab, 
Moab exhorted to obedieooe, 
Syria and Israel threatened* 
God's care of bis people. 
The confusion of £gvpt, 
^■'rypt and Ethiopia's captivity, 

liefiiUofBa.byloa, < 
The invasjon of Jewry, 
Tyre's miserable overthrew. 
Judgments of («od for air, 
T}^ propliet fVfiifsth God, 
Arsong of praise.tQ GpdL 
God's cafe q( bjs v^neymd^ . 
JCphraim th|«»tape4 ' 
Gfd'f judgmen^^P9 J^nisaJlsafl, 
Qofi's mercies tow$ur4lihifi.choi^,89 
An exbortatioQ to tuin |o God, 81^ 
DeeolatioB foreshowi. 
The privpfige«^/of the<0od]jr, 
Go4 revengeth his uburch, . 
Th« blessings of the.MpeU 
RaNhakeh la^liila^ £hmhjah, 
Hefokiah's praynr^ , . . 
UHs^ekiah's tlian|E4^i?i|ig, 
Boliylonian c«^v% fvwkAd^ 
Tlw promu^jtjou oifthef9f|N»l» 

|l Gml's mercies to.h^cbufoh, 

8' ObQiat's mission io^^.GpitJimp 

8,|UQ<| comfor|etb iyiff lohlin^ 
The vanity . of idp)% •. 

., Godcaliejb.Clyjrmg 

$ Idals not to be cympMed wiHk 
1 iC^d, , . . . 
C|«4'« judgment qpqii iBiih|rWilk 



96 
27 

•86* 
29 



88 
84 
.86 
86 
87 
88' 
89 

48 
48 



49 

47- 



u$ 



INDEX, fte. 



CBAP.I 

Hie inttnC of prophecy, 48 
Ghriirt «ent to tbe Gentiles, 
Cbrirt's wifreringi and patience, 
The certainty oTGrod'g salvacion, 
Christ's free redemption, . 
The humiliation of Christ, 

The charcb's enlarpment, oa 

The hapi^ state ofbelievera, 65 

Exhortatipn to liolinew, 66 

Qod reprofeth tbe Jews, 67 

Hvpocrisy reproved 68 

The covenant of the Redeemer, 69 

The glory of the church, 60 

The office of Qirist, 61 

Qod'B promises to his ehndi, 62 

Christ sliewelh his power to safe, 63 

The church's prayer, 64 

The callimr of tbe Gentiles, 65 

Tbe growth of tbe church, 66 

JBKIIIIAH.— [629 B. 0.] 



Hie calling of Jeremiah, . 
Israel ia spoiled ibr his sins, 
God's msitrr li> Judah, 
Israel callea to repentance, 
God's judgments upon the Jewf» 
Eaemies sent against Judah, 
Jeremiah's call for repentance 
The calamities of the Jews, 
Jeremiah's lamencatioa» 
The vanity of idMi, 
Ood's covenant proclaimed, 
Tjw prosperity of the wicked. 
Am exlMMi&iion to repentanoe, 
Kwb prophet s- prayer, 
larwuah's complaint, 
j%» niter ruin of the Jewt^ 
The eaptivtt/ of Judah, 
Tbe tm of the potter, 
Tim teolation of the Jewi* 
Fmrfmr smiieth Jeremmby 
Ncbwhadiiesar's war, 
.Tim JudgmrtK of Shallom, 
HsilDration of God'b peopfe. 
The type of good and bad fips 
MNBuab reprovelh the Jnwib 
laremiah is arraigned. 



84 

85 
89 

87 



40 
41 
42 
48 
44 
4S 
46? 
47 
48 
49 
08 
61 
63 



b's letter, 
(Tba rMam of ibo Jewi^ 
{IW nslMnt*^ of Israelt 



CBAF.' 

Jeremiah imprisoned, 83 

Christ the Branch promised, 
Zedekiah's fate foretold, 
God blcBscth the Rechabites, 
Jeremiah's prophecies, 
The Chaldeans' siege raised, 
Jeremiah cast into a duageon, 
Jerusalem is taken, 
Jeremiah set at liberty, 
Ishmael killeth Gedaliab, 
Johanan promiseth obedience, 
Jeremiah carried mto Egypt, 
Judnh's desobtion, 
Barach comforted. 
Overthrow of Pharaoh's army. 
The Philistines' destruction, 
Tbe judgment of Mnab, 
The restoration of Ebun, 
This redemption of Israel, 
God's severe judgment 
Zedekiah's wicked reign 

LA1IXVTATI01II«-H[684 B. C] 

Jerusalem's misery, . 1 

Israel** misery kmenterl, S 

Sorrows of the righteous, 9 

Zion's pitiful estate, 4 

ZHoa^a oomplaint, 5 

XZX«KL^606 B. c] 

Czekiers viaien, 1 

Eiekiel's commission 8 

Eaekiel eateA tbe roll 8 

Tbetypeofasiego 4 

The type of hair 8 

Israel threatened • 

Israel's desolation * 7 

Vision of jealousy S 

The marked preserfod 8 

Vimons of coals of fire 10 

The prinosK* presnmpCi<Mi J I 

Tbe type of removinig 18 

Lying propheli 18 

Idolators exhorted 14 

Tbe rejection of Jeramlom 18 

God's low to JeifiMilMn. 18 

Tim eagles and die Tint It 

PMrable of flour grabet 18 

Of die Ikm's whelpe 18 

Israel's rebeQiiii^ 88 

Frephecy ngaimt Jwmlm tt 



INDfiX, &ft.^ 



Mr 



Jttusalem's sins 
iUiolah and Ahollbah 
Jerusalem's d«Btrnction 
Ammonites threatened 
Tbe M of Tyrus 
I'yrus' rich supply 
Zidon threatened 
The judgment of Pharaoh 
Desolation of Egypt 
Tbe elory and ml of Anyria 
The SUI of Egypt 
E^ekiel admonished 
God*s care of hb flock 
Judgment of Seir 
Israel oomfbrted 
Vision of dry hones . . 
Tbe malice of Gog 
Israels victory over Gog 
Description of t^ templ^ 
Ornaments of the tempb 
The priests' chamhen 
Betum df God*s glorY 
The j^iesti' reproved 
Division of the land 
Ordinances of the princes 
Vision of the holy waten 
Portions of tbe twelve tribes 

DAVIII..— [W >• **1 

Jehoiakim's captivity 
Dtoiel advanced 
8badrach,Meabadi,«iid Abed- 

Dego 
NebiichadnesEar^ pride and &tt 
BelsbaxZar's impious feast 
Daniel in the Uon's den 
Vision of four beasts 
Vision of the ram 
Danid's eonfession 
Daniel comforted 
Overthrow of Persia 
Itfael's delivemspe 

sosxA.-H!785'B. «•! 

Jodgneats <br wfaoradon 
Tbe idobtrT sf the penplft 
Tbe desolatiim of Israfll 
lodgment threatened 
brad a treacberouB ptopis , 
BskoctMtioo to fffffitiHwt 



27 



80 
81 
82 

85 

86 
87 
•86 
89 
4D 
41 
42 
48 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 



Reproof of maniibld te 
Israel threatened 
Captivity of Israel 
Isracl*s impiety 
Israel's ingratitude to God 
Ephraim removed 
Ephraim*s glor^ vanished 
Blessings poomised 

JOXL.«-[800 B. c] 

Grod's sundry judgments 
EUhortation to repentance 
God*s judgments against 
people's! 



CHAP. 

7 
8 
9 
10 
it 
12 
IS 
14 



1 



▲Mos.— [786 B. o.] 

God's judgment upon Syria t . 

God's wrath a^inst Aloab 8 

JudgigneatB against Israel 8 

God reproveth Israel 4 

A lamentation ibr Israel ' 5 

Israel's wantonness plagued 6 

Judgments of the grasshoppfln 7 

Israd's end typified 8 

Israel's restoratioo promised 8 

OBADIAB.— {5^7 B. C] > > 

£4«D*s destroetionlbr tbeir prids 

and violenoe X 

JOXAR.--{962 B. c] 

Jonah sent to Nioe^ek • 1 

The prayer of Jmiiih 8 

The Ninevites' repentance 8 

Jonah iepines at God's raerey 4 

MICAtt^.— [760 B. €.] 

€k)d's wradi against Jacob I 

Against oppression 8 

The cniehy of tbe prinosa S 

The church's glory 4 

Tbe birth of Oirist S 

God's oontroveirtsy •* 

The chiiroh's complafat '7 

jrABVllH[71|B.,.6fl ,,. 



INDEX»I 



CRAF.f 

Hw majesty of dad 1 

Ood*s armies against Ninereh 2 

Tbe ruin of Nineveh 8 



KedeiDption of Zion 
The type of J<»hwa 
Tbe golden c^toaiestick 
Cvne of thieves 
Vision of the chariots 
Captives' inquiry of iastiof 
Jerusalem's rostoratioi 
The coming of Christ 
God to be sought unto 
Destniction of Jerusalem 
Jiidah's restoration 
Jerusalem's repentanes 
Jenisalcm's enemies plagued 



CRAP 

a 

M 
4 
$ 

T 
8 
9 
10 
11 
1) 
IS 
14 



MAL1.CHI.— £887 B. c] 

bnel's nnkindness 
Tbe priests reprov^ . 
The majesty of Christ 
Jodgmenu of the wicked 



I 

•S 
4 



BABAXKIXH,— {€28 M* C] 

Hahakkuk's cmnpltMnC 
Jiudgment on tbe CbaUbaot 
Hal»kkuk's prayer 

CXPRAHIAH.— [680 B. C] 

God's severe judgments 
Exhortation to repentance .! 

Janisalem sharply reproved t 

RAOOAI.-7[520 9. G.) 

Xjie people reproved . 1 

Cflory of the second temple 2 

ZXCHAR1AR.->[920'B. C.3 

EthorCataon to repentance ll 

NEW TESTAMENT. 

MATTHEW.-^ A. D. 88.) 

CraptiiiI. The generfogy of Christ. His conception and birth. H« 
II. Hie vrise men coming to Clu^ worship him. Joseph iliseth into , 

Jul. John preacbeth. His apparel, meat, and baptism. He reprehenfl- 
etb the PharisQss, and ^bapliaeth Christ in Jofrdaa. 

IV. Christ fiisteth, is ten^pted, and overcometb. lie b^inneth to preack^ 
ud calleth some lo be hb.disciplea. : 

'V. Who are bi as sed . . Apastfeaafd the light of tbe world, ^the' law 
opoonded. 

yi. Of adniir, fcayer» forgivttiflsi, £wling, onr treason, wd against 
worklly care. 

VII. Chriat, coding his f^nnon in the. mount, reprov^.rash judgment^ ^ 
Ibrbiddeth to cast holy things to dogs, a|liorteth to prayer,' to enter in at 
the strait gafB, to bewara of &4n 'prophets, and not to be hearers, but doera 
of the word. . « 

Till. Christ eleaoseth the leppr^.healeth theHsenturinn^ ser^t, Peter's 
■Mther-in-law, and many other diseaaed ^; *sheweth how. he is to be 6>\hxf- ^ 
•dj stilletb the tempest ofi the aea ; , ^eth devils ou^ of tivo mien po apcs s e d^ ^• 
ai|d suflbreth them to go into the swipe. '. ' .' ' . 

ex. Christ curetb tbe palsy, «i^di Matthew, eateth Wilh viMkaim : 
mad sinners. r '' ' , ''t 

X« llie apo^Vsp are sent to do miraqlis, and to pHeiich. ' i . ' 

XI. Johiraetadethhndkiai^ to Christ. ThetegUmodyof Oirftf'eiii^^ 



lohn. .Chriit nbbraideth the anthanlcfblMn and itopoiutMm qf 
Qiorazia, Bethsaida, and .Gapernamn, and prauetbhis Father^i wisdom in 
Rvealing the fliospel' to the pimple. 

XII. The disciples pluck tlic ears of com oo the sabbath. Blasphemy 
against the Holv Gnost shall not be Ibrgiveo. 

XIII. Of the sower and the seed. Diyen other paraUes. Why 
Christ spake in parables. 

XIV.^ Herod's opinion of Christ. The miracle of the five loaves, arni- 
ca walking on the sea. ' * 

XV^ God*s commnndments, and men's traditions. MHiatdefiletha man. 

XVI. The si^ of Jonns. The leaven of the Pharisees, and of the 
Badduoees . Chtist forcBheweth his death. 

XVII. The transfiguration ot Christ. Re healeth a kmaUck, fofsteUetb - 
his own passion, and payeth tribute. 

XVIli. Christ teacbeth to be humble. Touching ounces, and fbrgiv- 
iagoiie anotlier. 

XIX. Christ healeth the sick, answereth the Pharisees touching divorce* 
ment, and sheweth how to attain everlasting life. ' 

XX. Of the laborers in the vineyard. Christ teaoheth his disciples to 
be bwhr. 

XXL Christ rideth into Jerusalem upon an ass, and ca^iteth out the 
buyers and sellers. 

iCXlI. The marriage of the king's son. The wedding-garment. Of 
payiiur tribute, and of the resurrection. 

XAlII. The Scribes' and Pharisees' good doctrine, bnt evil examples 
of life. The destruction of Jerusalem foretold. . 

XXIV. The destruction of the temple foretold. Of Christ's coming 
fojii^meiit. 

XXV. The parable of the tea vii^ins, and of the talents. Also the 
description of the last judgment. 

XXVI. The rulers conspire against Christ. Judas selkith him. Christ 
•ateth the passover. . He is betra^ by Judas. 

XXVII. Christ is delivered to Pilate. Judas hangeth himself. Ovist 
is crucified. 

XXVIII. Clirist's resurrection. He appeareth to the women, and to 
bii disciples^ and seodech them to baptize. 

M1.RK.~<A. D. 65.) 

Chap. I. John Baptist'r office. Jesus is baptized, tempted, preachetb,^ 
caDeth Peter and others, and cureth many. 

II. C hrisc healeth one sick of the j^Usy, caUedi Matthew, and eateth 
with publicans and sinners. 

III. The withered hand healed. The apostles chosen. The Scribeo 
€onfiited. 'Who are Christ's relations. 

IV. The parable of the sower. The meaning thereof. Of the see4 
growing secretly, and of the mustard-seed. 

V. Christ castetb out the legion of devils, heals the bloody issue, and 
raises Jairus's daqgbter. 

VI. Christ is contemned of his countrymen. He walketh on the sea. 

VII. The Pharisete find iault with tlie disciples ibr eating with uo* 
washen hands. Meat defileth not a man. 

THf. Christ feedeth the people rairaonkMisIy, and refi«eth to give % 
iiga to tha Fhariseei. 



nL MmmtnmfitfonA. He fayHeOt hit deth aa4 iwmlluuj wfd 

prtth diven infCructiciM to nia diiciples. 

X. Touching divoroemeot. Litde children fanogfat to ChrkL TSm 
duwerof ridges. 

XI. Cbrnt rideth with triamph into Jerandeok He cuneth the finut- 
iMife-trae^ 

XII. The pftrable of the ▼ineyard. Toiicbinf the paying of tribnto^ 
and the renrrection. The widow and her mitee. 

XIII. The doBtructiuD uf the temple. Penecutiom for the goepeL 
Great cafamitiee to Aie Jewi. Ourist's comiog to judgment. The hour 
of it QDcertain. 

XIV. A coDfrpiracy asaingt Oirist. A woman ponreth ointment on hie 
head. JodnB aeileth, and betrayeth him.. Peter thrice denieth him. 

XV. Jeeue brought bound and accused before Pilate, is delivered to be 
croeified, hanged between two thievee, and it honorably boried. 

XVI. Christ's resorrection. He asceodetfa into heaven. 

LaKS.^(A.. o. $3.) 

Chap. I. Luke's preface. The conception of John Baptist, and of 
Christ. The .nativity and circumcision of John. The prophesy of Zacbarias. 

II. Augustus taxeth all the Roman empire. Qirist's nativity. His ciiv 
coracision. Simeon and Anna prophesy of Christ. 

III. John's preachin^^ and baptism. His testimony of Christ. Hera& 
lEBprisoneth JohiL.. Christ is baptiaed. His. genealogy. 

IV. Christ's temptation and victory. He beginneth to preach. They 
at Nazareth admire him. He ciireth aivers sick. 

V. Dirist teacheth out of Peter's ship, A miraculous draught of fishea. 
Tlie leper cleansed. The palsy healed. Matthew called. 

VI. Touching the ears of corn that were plucked by the dis^le« om 
the sabbath. Ciirist choosedi the twelve. 

VII. The centurion's faith. Christ raiseth the widow's son, aaewereth 
John's messengttie, and giveth testimony of him. Mary Magdalene anoint- 
eth Christ's f««t. 

VIII. Women minister unto (%rist The parable of the sower, and 
of the candle. The legion ot devils. 

IX. Christ sendeth out his apotctles. Herod is desirous to see him. 
His transfiguration. He healeth a lunatick. 

X. The seventy ^iwiples sent forth, aiid admonished. Blartha repre* 
l^ded, , ' . . 

XI. Clirist teacheth to p^y, and that instantly. He casteth out a dumb 
devil. He preacheth. to the people, and reprovett) the Pharisees^ scribes, 
and lawyers. 

XII. To avoid l^ppoorisy and learfulnees in publishing Christ's doctrine. 
To beware of oovetousness, and over carefulness. T^ iaitbiiii and wis» 
stovirard. 

XIII. Christ preaciieth repentance upon the punishment of the Ciali« 
leans, and others. The fig-tree cursed. .The strait gate. 

XIV. Christ teachecn numiiity, and to feed the poor. The pai-able of. 
thegreat supper^ Who cannot be Christ's diadiples. 

XV. The parable of the ioat sheep : Of the piece of silver : Of the 
prodigal-sou. 

XVI. Of the unJQst steward. The hypocrisy of. die covetous Phaiu 
Improved. The rich glutton, and lAiarus the b^pur. 



BtotM^kk 281 

J^VB. To iHoi^ ifiy^ Muk^. CKw td Cnvife anoflier. Tlie Urn 
h peiy. Of the kingdpm of God, aii4 tbe ooihing or the Son of man, 

XfUI. The imprirtmntte wKlmr. The f hariiee and poblicwu Chit 
dren brought to Christ. All to be left for Girist. 

• • SIX. The pifMfeaR' Zacdteoi. The fen pieeei of nonqr* ChrkI 
• rid^h into.Jeru^Eilem,.we^I]eth over it, and pnrg^ the temple* . 

- "XX. Chri«t avbnehedi hik afithorHy. TUe parable of the Tioeyard. Of 
fiving tribute to Qeaar. Of the reeorrectioo. 

iXi, The'dettitictitte dt the temple aad cSty ii Ibretold. The aigM 
•f the last day. 

XXJI, Judaa moved to betray ChrisL The pamver prepared. The 
Lord^B supper instituted. 

XXII I. Jef IS is accused before Pilate, who is desirona to releaaa hini. 
Vht flestraetion of -Jeraml^m ibretbld.. Christ'^ death and burial. 

XXIV. Christ*9 resurrectioa declared to the women. He hiauelf a^ 
peiureth, gS?edi a charge to the aposUes, and ascendeth. 

JOHH/— (Jl. D, 88.). 

Chaf. I. The diviitity, humanity, and office of Jew ChriM. The 
testimony of John. The calling of Andrew, Peter, It6. 

II. Christ tametlr water into wine* diepartetir into.Oepemanm, and 
Jeroinlem, and purgetb the teii^le. 

- III. Christ teaclieth Kieodennis the necessity of regeneration. Th* 
faamism, witness, and doctriuc of John coucemina Christ 

iV. Christ tfllketh with a woman of Samaria, His disciples marvel 
Christ's seal for God's glory. He depanetji into Galilee, ancl heaJeth the 
nder*8 son. , * 

y. Jesus,, on the sabbath-day, cureth bim that was diseased eivht and 
thiftj years. The Jews cavil, and perFectite him for it. 

VI. Christ feedeth five thousand He withdraweth himself. The peo* 
pie follow him, and are reproved, for their fleshly hearts. Many disciplei 
leave him. 

VII. Jesus reprovcth his kinsmen ; goelli unto the feast of tabernacles ; 
teacheth in the temple. Divers opinions of ■ Christ. The Pliarisees are 
angry at their officer*, and at Nicodemiis. 

VIII. Christ deliverelh the woman taken in adultery. He preacbetb 
himself the light of the world, nnd justifieth his doctrine. 

IX. He Uiat was bora blind is restored to sight. He is brought to the 
Fharieees. They excommunicate him. Christ recciveth biro, ana be oon- 
fossetb Christ. 

X. < hiist is the door, and the good shepherd. Divers opinions of him. 
He proveth , l)y his works, that he is t hrist. 

XI. Christ raiseth Lazarus. The priests and Pharisees gather a coun* 
«il ag:>inst him. 

XII. Jesus exciiseth Mary anointing his feet. He rideth into Jesnisalenu 

XIII. Jesits washeth his disciples' feet, and exhortetli them to humility 
and chafrity : He forewarneth Peter of his denial. 

XIV. Christ comforteth his disciples ; professeth himself the way,' the 
troth, and the life. 

XV. Phe mutual love between Christ and his members, imder the par»* 
Me of the vine. 

XVI. Christ comforteth his discipfef against tribuhitiony by the pnoua 
•r the Holy GhoiC. 



,XVII. Chrnic pri]r«di to>it F^tiiar to slori^ 1Uib» tnd t^-pnmamhm 

^foatiea in unity, ind in tnitb. 

..XVIlI. iudaf betrayeth ^om. Peter denisth him. Heiiainigned 
iribw Kbte. . 

.XI^. Chrift if loparfedf crowned witl; thomi» beftten« and cmeUiad. 
W diech', and u buried fa^ Joee|>h and Niopdemoi. 

.XX, J«io8 appcaredi onto Mai)r» and to liis diiciplee> Thomaa^-fai* 
wedkilitjr and confeision. 

XXI. , Christ, appeariif agaui| givetb Peter a charge ; and rebokach 
Idicariaeity. 

▲CTI,— ^A. D 83.) 

" tJHAF. I. '4 repetition ojf part of Chriit's hiitoi^. , MaittSiiai chom 

bto the apostfethip. 

' II. The apoetlee filled with the Holy Ghoet, qieak divert langnam, 

III. Peter and 'John reetore a fame man, aacribio| the oore to the naae^ 
of Jesus, and exhorting to ^pant^noe. 

IT. Peter and John imirisbne^ Their deieq^. They are threatened. 

y. J\» derth 4>l Ananiaa and Sapphire. The apostles iniprieoae€ 
■gain, and ie'u.ered, 

. y I. ' Deaooitf chosen. Stephen ^Isefy accnsed of Uaspbeniy. 
' yit. Step'ien answereth to his accusation. Tbsy stone him to dealhi 

yill. The church planted in Samaria* is confirmed by Peter and Johol 
ftiltp' sent to baptise an eunuchi 

IX. Saul goinz towanis IHraascos, is called to the apo s tlesh ip . Th« 
lews lay watt for him Tabitha raised. ' 

X. Cornelius seiidetli for Peter. His vision. 

XI. Peter accused, defendeth himself* 

XII. Herod persecuteth the Christians. His pride, and miserable dfiathi 

XIII. . Paul and Barnabas go u> the Oeotiles. The Gentiles believe. 

XIV. Paul and Barnabas are perKCutiod. Paul, healing a cripple, thagf 
tee repotnl as gods. 

Xv. Dissention about circo(ncision. The apostles consult about it. Ice. 
' XVI. Paul circumciseth Timothy, converteih Lydia, and ^isteth out a 
qiirit of divination. 

XVII. Paul prftacheth at Thessalonica, Berea, and at Athens. 8aam 
are convf rted. 

XVIII. Paul laboreth with his hands, and preaching alt Corinth, is en- 
eouraged in a vision. 

XIX. The Holy Ghost is eiven by PanPs hands. . 

XX. Paul goeth to Macedonia. At Troas be celebrateth the Lord*a 
Simper, prc^icbeth, and raiseth Eutychus to life. 

XXI. Paul win not be dissuaded from going to Jerusalem. Philip*a 
datjghters, proplietesses. 

XXII. Paul declareth his conversion. He escapeth scourging by tha 
privilege of a Roman. 

XXiII. Paul pleadeth his cause. Dissension among his accosen. Hi 
Is sent to Felix. 

XXIV. Paul accused by Tertullus, answereth for himself. 

XXV. Paul accused by, the Jews befure F.estus, appealeth unto Caesar. 

XXVI. Paul, before Agrippa, declareth his life, and his conveniott. 
PeiUto chargeth him with madness. 

' XXVil. Paul, shipping towanb Rone, foreteUetb the daager of llit 



jBCMaCr ice. m 

mj9g»9 but ifl not Miemd. Jhey mm iMwd vtith a tMapoC^ and we fiiip- 
wrecked ; yet all come safe to land. 

XXVIII. Paul i» entertaped \^7 fJHm bailiaiiaiii. Ha haaleth Biaii| !• 
die island. They uepart towards Rome. 

ROMAHS. — (A. O. 60.) 

Crap. I. Paul's calling commended. What his gospel k. Qoffa 
anseratsin. TbeXxentiies' aios.^ 

If. They that condemn idn in' o^am, and yet tin, are ioexousabfe* 
wbeth^ Jew(s or Gemiles. 

III. The Jews prerogative. None justified by the kw, bat all by faith. 

IV. Abqdiaw*« iaitb wws .iii\pa(ed to kirn lor righteousness, aad lo 
shall ours. 

y. Being justified ^ ftitb, ^« ba^e peamo with God, ftia and deadi 
came 'by Adam, righteousness and life by Christ. 

VI. We miist not iive ,i««iii, poT Mt tia raign m us. Death is the 
wages of sia. 

vll. No law hath power over a man longer than he livetb. The law la 
aot sin, but holy, just, and good. 

VIII. Who are free from condemnation. What harm comethof tlie 
flesh, and what good of the Spirit, and what of being God's children. 

IX. PauPs sorrow lor the Jews. JlU Abraham's seed were not the 
children of the promise. The calling of the Gentiles, and rejection of 
the Jews. 

X. The diflfereooe of the righteousness of the law, and that of faith, fib 
believer shall be confounded, whether Jew or Gentile. 

XI. God hath not cast off all Israel. 8ome wereelectiti, the rest wem 
hardened. The Gentiles may not insult upon them. 

XII. Pride forbidden. Several duties enjoined. Revenge specially 
fiurbidden. 

XIII. Of duties to magistrates. Love is the fulfilling of the law. 
Against gluttony, drunkenness, &c. 

XIV. Men may not contemn or condemn one another for things indiffi»> 
ant, but take heed of giving oflfence in them. 

XV. The strong must bear with the weak. We may not please oop- 
aelves ; but receive one anoiiier, as Christ did us all. 

XVI. Paul seudeth greeting to many, and endeth with praise and 
thanks to God. 

I, GORINTHI^VS. — (A. D. 59.) 

Chap. I. AfVer salutation and thanksgiving, he exhorteth to unity, and 
reproveth tlieir dissensions. God destroyeth the wisdom of the wise. 

II. Fh.«j declareth that his preaching far exoelleth all human wisdom. 

HI. Milk is fit for children. Against divisions. Men the temples of 
God. Against conceit. 

IV. How to account of ministers. We have nothing which we have 
not received. The apostles are our faihei-s i.i .Clu*ist, 

V. The incestuous pei'son. The old leaven nuist be purged out. Hein* 
OOB offenders are to be avoided 

VI. Of gouig to law with the bretliren. Our bodies 9ft GhH/rt*a 



iM irfDEX.fte. 

Vn. Of nnmage. It ii « remedy agmioit foniiaitioDf and not li^M^ 
«D be diMoIved. 

Yin. Te AbstMm firommaatf oftred to idob. We mort not aLoM our 
Ght'ia^ian liberty. 

IX. Paul sheweth hia liberty. Hiniiten ought to live by the gotpel. 
Life 18 like \ race. 

X. The /ems' ncramenti, typei of oon ; and their pgoiahmeDti, cor 
exampletf. 

XI O^ covering heads in praying. Of profiming the Lord's supper. 
The aposde's account of the institution of it 

XII. Spiritual gifts are diverse, yet all to profit withal ; Christians, aa 
die memberv of the bod^ natural, are one. 

XIII. Ml gifts, bow eiweUent soever, are nothing worth without diaritj. 
The praises tlvtreaf . ^ 

XIV. k'rophecy is commended, and preferred before speaking with 
tongues 

XV. By Christ's resurrection, he proveth the necessity of our resurree- 
tion. The fruit, and manner thereof, and of the change of them that shall 
be alive then. 

XVI . The brethren's wants must be relieved. Timothy commended. 
Friendly admonitions and salutations, 

n. CORIVTBIANi.— <A. D. €0.) 

Chap. I. The apostle encourageth them against troubles, and sheweth 
ibe sincerity of bis preaching. jHe excuseih his not coming to tliein. 

II . The reasons of his not coming unto them . Of the excommunicated 
person. The oiccess of his preaching in every place. 

III. A commendation of Paul's ministry. ▲ comparison betwixt the 
ministers of the law and the goipel. 

IV. Paul's sincerity and diligence m preaching, and his troubles for 
the same. 

V. In hope of immortal glory, and in expectance of it, and of the general 
jodgment, Paul laboreth to keep a good conscience. 

VI. Of Paul's faithfulness in the mini8ti7. Exhortation to avoid 
idolHters. 

VII. Paul exhorteth to purity, and sheweth what comfort be took in 
afflictions. ^ 

VIIT. He stirreth them up to contribute to the saints, commendeth Titos 
and others. 

IX. He sheweth why he sent Titus, and stirreth them up to be bountifid 
m alms, which shall yield them a bountiful increase. 

X. Paul's spiritual might and authority. Not to stretch 1>eyond our 
compass. 

XI. Paul, being forced, entereth into a commendation of himseM', and 
comparison with the other apostles. 

XII. Paul commendeth his apostleship, not b^ his revelations, but by 
his infirmities, blaming them for forcing this boasting. 

XIII Paul threateneth obstinate sinners. He aaviseth them to a trial 
Hf dieir faith. 

aALATiAltf .-HC^* ». 68.) 
Cbap I. Paul %voaderath that they have so soon aeft him and the fm^- 
pel, which be leamt»d, not of men, but of Ged. 



mDEX, Iw* HI 

n. Paul ffheweth wheo be went up agmin to Jeranleoii and wl^. 0^ 
Jufliftcation by fiiitfa, and not by works. They that are bo jtistifiod, tiiC 
not in sin. 

III. Paul asketh what moved them to leave the fkkh, and depend oa 
(he law. They that believe are juHtified, and b'essed with Abraham. 

IV. We were under the law till Christ came, but Christ fi-oed ns. W« 
are the sons of Abraham by the free-woman. 

y. Paul rooveth them to stand in tlieir liberty, and not to observe cir 
cumcision; but raiher hve. 

VL Paul willeth them to deal mildly with a brother that hath slippedf 
to be liberal to their teachers, and not to be weary of well-doing. 

XFHX811.H8.-- (a.. D. 6i.) 

Chap. I. Of election, and adoption, 'which is the fountam of man^ 
aalvation. 

II. What we were by nature, and what we are by grace. We m 
created for good works. 

III. Tlie hidden mystery, that the Gentiles should be saved. 

IV . Paul exhorteth to unity. Why men have diflferent gifts. The old 
man to be put off, with lying, and all corrupt communication. 

V. Paul exhorteth to charity, to flee fornication. The duties of wiv« 
and husbands. 

VI. The duty of children, of servants. Our life is a warfare. Tha 
Christian's armour. 

PHILIFPI1.H8.^A. D. 64.) 

Chap. I. PauPs thankfulness and prayers to God for the Philippiana. 
His readiness to suffer. He exhorteth them to walk worthily. 

II. Paul exhorteth to unity and hkimility, and to a careful proceeding io 
the way of salvation. 

III. Paul wameth them of fiibe teacher^, and to decline the wayp of 
carnal Christians. 

IV. Paul exciteth to steadfiistness in CSirist, and after some particd^ 
admonitions, exhorteth generally to religious joy, &c. ' 

COLOSSIANS. — (A. D. 64.) 

Chap. I. Paul thanketh God for their faith, prayeth for their increase 
in grace, and describeth the true Qirist. 

II. Paul exliorteth them to constancy in Christ ; to beware of philoso- 
phy and vain traditions, worshipping of angels, and legal ceremonies. 

III. Paul sliewelli where to seek Christ. He exhorteth to mortification, 
to charity, humility, and sundry general and particular duties. 

IV. Paul exhorteth to fervency in prayer, and to walk wisely towards 
Ibem tliat do not yet know Christ. 

I. TBXaSAT.ONIAKS.^(A, D. 54.) 

Chap. I. He sheweth his mindfulness ot them in thanksgiving and 
prayer, and persuasion of their sincere faith and convei-sion. 

II. How the gospel was preached unto tliem, and how they received it 
Why he was desirous to see them. 



ni. lW*»1b«« in MttdiiyTiiiioCl^toiliatt. Hit jby fir dkem, umI 
daire to seo (heos. 

lY. Paul exborteth to go pn in godlnm, to boiiiiai» to 1o«b» to qnie^ 
BOB, to modermto sorrow for tlte dead. Of tbe rtourrectfoOf and of tiitt 
last judgment. 

V. Paul proeeedeth ia die description of Cbrwt's second oomtag |» 
lodgment, and giveth divers precepts, and so eonclodeth, 

II. THE88AL0H1A.9S.— (a. D. 04.) 

Chap. I. PnnI sbe#et!r hit good ophrioA of their fitidi, love, and pac 
tience ; and oomforteth them against persecution. 

n. He willeth them to comimie steadtot in die truth received, Viewing 
diat there shall be a departure (rom tbe frith, and a discoveiy of Antichrist 
before tihe day of the Lord come. 

III. Paul cravedi their prayers, testifieth his confidence in them, ^vetb 
Aem divers praoepts, especially to shon idle and ill company. 

I. tlHOTHf .^A. D. 06.) 

Chap. I. Timothy is pot in mind of tbe charge which was given mito 
him by Pnni. The ^nd of the biw. PauPs calling to be an apostle. 

II. Prayers to be made for all men, ami tbe reason why. How women 
shoold be atthned. They are not permitted to teach. 

UI. How bishops and deacons and their wives should be qualified, and 
to what end Saint Paul wrote to Timothy of these thinss. 

IT. Panl foretelleth that in th« latter times diere ^11 be a departure 
from the foith. 

y. Rdes to be obnerted fn reproving. ,Of widows. Of eldera. 

y I. darvanls' duties* To avoid new-fiingled teachers. The gain ef 

n. TIMOTHY.— -(A. D. 68.) 

Chap. I. Paul's love to Timothy, and Timothyls foith. Paul giveth 
divers exhortations. Of Phygellos and Uermogenes. 

II. Timothy exhorteth to ooasiaoey and perseveraace, and to shew him- 
self approved. 

III, Paul advertiseth him of ttie times to conM, describeth the enemies 
of the truth, and comiQendeth die holy scriptures. 

ly. Paul exhorteth Timothy. lie willeth him to eome to him, and to 
bring Mark, and things which he wrote for. 

TIT178.-^(A. D. 65«) 

Chap. I. Why Titos was left in Crete. How ministers shoold be 
qualified. Of evil doers. 

II. Directions given to Titus, bodi for his doctrine and life. Of IHb 
duty of servants. 

III. Titos directed what to teach, to reject obstinate hereticks. The 
0onclusion. 

PHILXMOH.-^A. D. 64.) x 

Chap. I. Paul desireth Philemon to foigive his aarvaaty and kvi^glf 
to reoeive him again. 



index:. Ice. w 

\ RXBREWS.— (A.. D. 64.) 

Chap I. Christ, in these last times, coining to in from the Fatber, ii 
lareferred before angels both in person and office. 

II. We ought to be obedient unto Christ Jesus, because he ▼ouchiafed 
to take our nature upon him, as neceanr^'. 

III. Christ is more worthy than Moses ; iherefore if we believe not iK 
bim, we nhall be more worthy of punishment tlian hard-hearted Israel. 

rV. The rest of christians is attained by fiiidi. Tlie power of God's 
word. By our high prietrt, Jedus the Son of God, subject to iufirmities, bat 
not to sin, we must and may go boldly to the throne of grace. 

y. The authority and honor of our Saviour's priesthood. Negligent 
in the knowledge thereof reproveil. 

VI. Paul exhurteth not to fall back from the faith, bat to be steadfast, 
diligent and patient to wait upon God, because God is most sui^ in his 
promise. * 

YII. Christ Jesus is a priest after the order of Melchisedec, and so &r 
more excellent than the priest of Aaron's order. 

YIII. By Christ's eternal priesthood the Levitical priesthood is abolish- 
ed, and the temporal covenant by the eternal covenant. 

IX. The rites and bloody sacrifices of the law, fiur inferior to the bk>od 
and sacrifice of Christ. 

X. The weakness of the law-sacrifices. The sacrifice of Christ's body 
ODce offered, for ever hath taken away sins. ' 

XI. What faidi is. Without fiiith we cannot please God. The fruita 
thereof. 

XII. An exhortation to constant fiiith, patience, and godluien. A com* 
mend&tion of tlie new testament above the old. 

XIII. Motives to charity, to honest life, to avoid covetoosness, tors* 
tard God's preachers, to uke heed of strange doctrines, to cooieM 
Christ, &C. 

' JA.ME8.— (A. D. 60.) 

Chap. I. We must ask wisdom of God, hear the word, and do it. 
What true religion is. 

II. We must not despise the poor. Faith without works, is dead. 

III. We are not rashly nor arrogantly to reprove others : but ratbei i 
# bridle the tongue. The truly wise are mild and peaceable, without 

envying and strife. 

IV. Against covetoosness, intemperance, pride, detraction, and rash 
judgment. 

y. Wicked rich men are warned of God's impending judgments. Tlie 
brethren are exhorted to patience after the example of the prophets and of 
Job; to abstain from swearing; to pray in affliction and sickness, and 
ling psalms in prosperity. 

I. FSTKR,— <A. D. €0.) \ 

Chap. I. He blesseth God ibr his manifold spiriioa) graces; sheweth 
diat the salvation in Christ is no news, but a thing pivphesied of old; and 
czborteth them to a godly conversation. 

II. He dianiadeth Uiera from the breach of charity. He beseechedi 
Iboin also to abstain fifom fleshF^sts^ to be obedient to mafistrates ; aoi 



/ 



teacbeih lervami how to obty tfiair : 
doing, after the example of Chrint. 

UL He teacbocb tbe diity of wives and husbands; exhorting all roev to 
unity and bre, and to sufSer persecution. Tbe beoedts of Christ toward* 
Ae old world. 

lY. Peter exhorteth them to eease (rom sin by the example of Christ, 
■fid the consideration of the general end that now apprsacheth. 

T. Peter exhorteth the elders to feed theur flocks; die younger to oboy; 
•liil all tu be sober, and vratchful, &c. 

IL PETKB.— (A. D. 00.) 

Chap. I. Peter exhorteth them by faith and good works to make their 
caUing sure; as knowing tliat his death is at hand ; and wameth them to 
be constant in the faith of Clirist, who is tlie true Son of God. 

II. Peter foreteileth of Aiae teachers, their impiety and punishment ; 
from which the godly shall be delivered, as Lot out of Sodom; and mors 
fillly describeth Uie manners of those profane and blasphemous seducers. 

UI. The certainty ofClirst's coining to judgment. The manner how 
the world shall be destroyed. An exhortation to godliness. 

I. JOHN.— (A. D. 90,) 

Cbap. I. John describeth the person of Christ, hi whom we have eter- 
oal life by a oommnnion with God ; to which we must adjoin holineai. 

II. Comfort against sins of infirmity. To know God, is to keep his 
ovmmabdmt.'nts. To beware of seducers ; fltmi whose deceits the godly are 
Mifeiy preserved by foith and holiness of life. 

III. John declareth the jingular |pve . of God towards us In making na 
bii sons ; we therefore ought obediently to keep his commandments, as also 
brotherly to bve one another. 

IV. John wameth them nut to believe all teachers who boast of the 
Spirit, but to try them by the rules- of the catholick &ith ; and by mao) 
reasons exhorteth to brotherly love. 

y. He that bvetb God, loveth his children and keepeth his command- 
nents; which to the fiiithful are light, and not grievods. Jesus is the Son 
of God, able to save us, and to hear onf prayers, which we make for our- 
■elves, and for otiiers. 

n. JOHH.— (A. D. 90.) 

Chap. I. John exhorteth a certain honorable matron with her children 
to persersre in christian love and belief, lest they lose the reward of their 
former profession ; and to have nothing to do with those sedooera that hnag 
not the true doctrine. 

ni.. JOHNd — (A. D. 60.) 

Chap. I. John oommendeth Gains lor his piety, and hospitality, to 
troe preachers ; complainmg of the unkind dealiiig of aaU tioub 0ioti«- 
ffbm on the contrary idde. 

JVDX.— (A. O. 66.) 

Cbap.I. Judd«diorMhliMBtobeeoiutoMmfhdpRi«fewk)noriSuih 



XNDEX^Ite. » 

Fake tBachen tan erepc b to Mdoce them ; for whom erfl doctrine wad 
manners, horrible punishment ia prepared ; whereas the goilly by the a«ift 
ftnee of the Holy Spirit, and prayers to God, may peratnrere and gix>w m 
grace, and recover otlieni out of the snares of those deceivers. 

llXTi:i.ATIOH.^A. D. 96.) 

Chap. 1. John writedi his revelation to the seven churches of Asi% 
^ ^gnified by the seven golden candlesticks. The coming of Chri^. 
■ II. What is commanded to be written to the angels, (that is, the aSn» 
i«ters,).of the churches of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, fcc. 

III. Tha angel of the c\wrch of Sardis is reproved, of Fhihdelpliia 
•{proved, of.Laodicea rebuked. 

IV. John seeth tlie. throne of God in heaven. The foor and twenty 
elders. The four beasts full of eyes before and behind, &c. 

y . The book sealed with seven seals } which only the Lamb is worthy 
to open. 

YI. The opening of the seals in order, and what followed thereopon. 

YII. An angel sealetli ilie servants of God in their Ibreheads. Th« 
number of them that were sealed ; of all nations an innumerable multitude. 

VIII. At tlie opening of the seventh seal, seven angels have seven trum- 
pets given them. 

IX. Al the sounding of the fifth angel, a star fiilleth from heaven, to 
whom is given the k^ of the bottomless pit ; the first woe past. The sixth 
trumpet soundetiv Four angels are let loose. - 

X. A mighty strong angel appeareth with a book open ti| his hand. 
John is commanded to take and eat the book. 

XI. The two witnesses propliesy. The beast shall kill them. The 
■eoond woe past. Tiie seventh trumpet soundeth. 

XII. A woman clotlied with the sun travaileth. The great red draeon 
standeth before lier, ready to devour her child. She ileeth into the wiloer 
ness. Michael and his angels fight with the dragon, and prevail. 

XIII. A beast riseth out of tlie sea with seven heads and ten horns, to 
whom the dragpn ^iveth his power. Another beast cometh up out of the 
earth ; causeth an image to be made of the former beast, &c. 

XIV. The Ijamb standeth on m^mnt 8 ion with his company ; an angel 
preaclietli the gospel. The fall of. Babylon. The harvest of the woild. 
The wine-press of the wrath of God. 

XV. Tlie seven angels with the seven last plagues. The song of them 
that overcome tlie beast. 

XVI. The angels pour out their vials full of wrath ; the plagues that 
follow thereupon. 

XVII. A woman arrrawed in purple and scarlet, sitteth upon the beast, 
which is great Babylon. The victory of tlie Lamb. 

XVIII. Babylon is &llen. The people of God commanded to go out 
of her. The kings of the earth, with the merchants and mariners, lament 
over her. 

XIX. God is praised in heaven for judging Babyton and avenging the 
blood of his saints. Tlie marriage of the Lamb. The fowls called to the 
greatslanghter. 

Xa. Satan bound for a thousand years. The first resurrection. Satan 
let k>ose again. Gog and Magog. The devil cast into the lake of fire. 
The hst and general resurrection. 



M INDEX, Ito. 

XXL A new heavw srad a new earth. The heavenly Jeimbni, mA 

a Ibl] deecrintion thereof. She needeth no lun. 

XXtl. The river of the water of life. The tree of life. The light of 
the city of God is himaeUl Nothing may be added to this piopheqrs ^^ 
diminimed therefrom. 



OLD TESTAMENT. 

Nofflber of Books HO 

Chapten ----•-. 929 

. Venes 28,214 

— Words 692,489 

Letters 2,728,100 

The middle Book is Proverbs. The middle Chapter is Job xxix. The 
middle Verse woukl be ii. Chronicles xx. 17, if tnere were a verse more, 
and verse 18, if there were a verse less. 

The word ahd occurs 85,548 times. The word jehotah occurs 6,865 
tunes. The shortest verse is i. Chronicies i. 25. The 28d verse of the 
7th chapter of Ezra contains all the letten of the alpliabet. The 19th of 
U. Kings, and 87th chapter of Isaiah, are alike. 

NEW TESTAMENT. 

Ff amber of Books 27 

Chapten 269 

Verses 7^59 

Words 181,258 

Letters 838,380 

The middle Book is ii. Thessabnians. The middle Chapter is Romans 
XIII. if there were a chapter more, and xiT. if there were a chapter less. 
The middle Verse is Acts xtii. 17. The shortest verse is John xi. 86. 

OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT. 

Nomber of Books -....••..^ 

Chapters •->*-.. 1,189 

Verses 81,173 

• Words 773,697 

— Letters 3,5o6,489 

The middle chapter, and least m the Bible, is Psalm CXTU The middle 
terse is Psalm cxyiii. 8, 

The calculator is said to hava had thtu yearM of his life occupied in 
fermug this Table. 



TO THE READER. 

If you have read this book with becoming attention^ 
you cannot but perceive it to be one of the most extraor- 
dinary cases of persecution and abuse which has ever 
been loaded upon any man in any country. A clergy- 
man who had filled some of the most important stations 
in the Church in the United States — whose ministerisd 
labours had been wonderfully blessed and successfiil — 
against whom his very enemies were obliged to confess 
that they had nothing, and that his character and author- 
ity were good: yet, on account of politics, is by these 
very men forbidden to preach without hearing or trial — is 
by them persecuted and distressed for almost 20 years, 
though he still prevailed against them ; till at length by 
calling in the aid of the civil law to sanction the usurped 
authority of the Church — he is on the most false aLd 
base accusations which ever disgraced the calender of 
any court — tried by the very Judge who had been his 
principal persecutor — is by him deprived of the consti- 
tutional right of confronting the principal witness against 
him, — important papers and documents, the undeniable 
evidence of his innocence, were on trial, withheld and 
concealed, and the court directed the trial to proceed 
without them, — he is partially and unfairly tried — ^unjust* 
ly and cruelly taken from 2000 people, where the war- 
dens testified before the court, that for about six years 
then last past, they had never known or heard of a voice 
or a vote against him, in his parish, except one man — 
he is unjustly condemned and imprisoned in Norwich 
Jail, in Connecticut, for two years. On the 27th day of 
May 1823, the witnesses came into the Senate Chamber, 
in the city of Hartford, were sworn and examined before 
a joint committee of both houses of the Hon. General 
Assembly, and then and there did fully and freely confess 
that their whole testimony on which he had been condem- 
ned and imprisoned, was utterly false ; and that they 
had been over persuaded and hired to commit wilful and 
corrupt perjury. This testimony and confession were 
supported by the testimony of others, and the innocence 
of the accused could not .but be apparent to every un- 
prejudiced mind. 



W CONCLUSION. 

Many of the most respectable inhabitants of Middle- 
bury^ in Vermont, have seen, examined, and compared 
the original documents transcribed and referred to in 
this book, and by their certificate, dated Middlebury, Jan* 
uary 19, 18i30, they do not hesitate in declaring the said 
documents to be correct and true, and to have emanated 
from proper authority ; and that the prosecution and pro- 
ceedings were of a character the most extraordinary that 
had ever come to their knowledge. 

Signed by 
EBEN W. JUDD, J. W. COPELAND, 

DORASTUS WOOSTER, NATH^L FOSTER, 
JONATHAN HAGAR, • and others. 

We the subscribers, inhabitan^ji of Concord, in New* 
Hampshire, Certify that we have examined and compar* 
ed the documents and statements in the Memoirs of the 
Rev. Ammi Rogers with the original papers, and we have 
no hesitation in declaring our full belief, that they ar$ 
aitested by proper authority, and are entitled to entire confix 
dence ; and we freely unite with the gentlemen in Ver- 
mont, in saying that the prosecution and proceedings are 
of a character the most extraordinary that has ever 
come to our knowledge. It appears from said docu- 
ments that he is a minister of the Episcopal Church, in 
Eood standing, and that hii^ character and conduct among 
his most intimate friends and acquaintance are good and 
equal to that of ministers of the Gospel in general. 
JONATHAN EASTMAN, 
JONATHAN EAStMAN, Jr. 
ROBERT EASTMAN, 
OBADIAH KIMBALL, 
DANIEL CHASE, 
PHILBRICK BRADLEY, 
ISAAC EASTMAN, 
JOHN P. GASS. 
A. P. STINSON, 
ELBRIDGE PERKINS, 
ISAAC C. BRADLEY, 
NATHANIEL EASTMAN 
DATED Coficord, JV H. January 4, 1832. 



OOlfCLUBION. 281 

Secretary op States* Office,^ 

Coneovdy JV. H. January 7th, 1832. 
Tills Certifies, that I am personally acquaiuted with 
Jonathan Eastman, Esq. Jonathan Eastman, jr. Esq. 
and the other gentlemen whose names are subscribed to 
the foregoing instrument, and that they are bf reputable 
standing, and entitled to entire confidence and belief. 
JOSEPH ROBINSON, 
Deputy Secretary of the State of J^tvhHampshWe. 

To subscribers and purchasers of this Book : 

Please to accept my grateful acknowledgments of the 
candour, which you have manifested in lending an ear to 
hear the complaints of a felloW-citizcn, who is also a fel- 
low christian. AH mankind are naturally and mutually 
dependant upon God and upon each other. It has fallen 
to me, to appeal to you and to the world, as arbiters, ia 
a case, wherein I, my chillren and friends, claim to 
have been extremely injured, in defending oui just rights 
and those of society. How lar my complaints are well 
founded, you must and will judge for yourselves, when 
you have read this book ; and how far you are interes- 
ted in the case, may be inferred by conaidcring what 
would bo the efiect upon society, if all were to turn their 
eyes rnd to stop their ears, from the complaints of theii 
fellow-creatures. If any apology be necessary for what 
I have stated in regard to the Congregational Presbyte- 
rians in Connecticut, and in favor of the Episcopal 
Church ; let it be remembered, that Mr. Lanman, the 
State's Attorney, complained of me, for being a preach- 
er, pretendedly of the Christian Religion! as tho' the 
whole Episcopal Church was only the pretended Chns- 
tain Religion; and twelve men under ocUhy in New-London 
County, in Conn, in 1820, have declared theU it was true; 
and they said it with as much propriety, and no more, 
than they said the other charges against roe were true. 
I can truly say, that the great wish of my heart has 
been to be a good man, true and trusty. — The great 
object of my preaching is, and 6as been, to represent 
the God of heaven, in the most amiable and pleasMi 
point of view possible, and to persuade myself and ~ 



Mi Goarcujsxon. 

others, from the disposition of tlie heart, to love him and 
to imitate him. I have been beloved of my Heavenly 
Father and favoured with ten thousand blessings ; for 
which, like Joseph of old, I. have been hated by wy breA- 
iftnj and in o&e sense, seild into Egypt ; but, like Baron 
Trenck, I have eome out of Jail, and walk proudly 
bejSbre Kings and the wh^le world! My friends are glad 
to see me, and to treat me with respect ; ray enemies are 
asbaoMQiii' and afraid, and hide themselves from my pres- 
ente. More than 2000 people, east of Hartford in Con- 
necticut,, subscribed to have my Memoirs printed, and 
ibave r#ceived ihem. About 1500 in thcv county of 
£aralega, where I used to reside, and in that neighbor- 
bood, have subscribed to have them re-printed, and 
more than 3000 have been printed in Vermont, and sold; 
and hav« been read with very universal approbation and 
admiration. Tke design is to promote the canse of truth 
and justice, and to suppress lying, perjury, wickedness 
and vice. JIchmo thai ihii bookie h*ue, and there is hardly 
a tact of importance which is not supported by the testi- 
mony of witnesses who are now living, and certified by 
the civil authority of the state. AMMI ROGERS. 

^ I beseech thee, O Merciful God, to grant that this book 
may be entertaining and useful to all who will read it, 
or hear it read: be pleased to give us patience and re 
aignation in all our afflictions, to direct us in all our 
doings with thy most gracious favor ; guard us from all 
error, and lead us into all truth and righteousness, and 
at last receive us into that blessed and happy world 
where all tears shall be wiped from all eyes, and where 
one unclouded day of bliss and glory shall surround us 
forever and ever: grant it, O Heavenly Father, for 
Jesus Christ^s sake. — ^ine». Our Father who art in 
Heaven, &c. Jimen, 



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