LIFE AND CHARACTER
JOHN FRANKLIN MILLER,
(A SENATOR FROM CALIFORNIA),
DELIVERED IN THE
SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
FORTY-NINTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION,
MAY 28 AND JUNE 19, 1886,
FUNERAL SERVICES AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, MARCH 13,
AND AT SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., MARCH 21, 1886.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
CHAP. 636. An act to authorize the printing of the eulogies delivered in Congress upon
the late John F. Miller.
Be it ena'ted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That there be printed of the
eulogies delivered in Congress upon the late John F. Miller, a Senator
from California, prepared under the direction of the Joint Committee on
Public Printing, twelve thousand copies, of which four thousand shall be
for the use of the Senate and eight thousand for the use of the House of
Representatives ; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to
have printed a portrait of said John F. Miller, to accompany said eulo-
gi:s : and for engraving and printing said portrait the sum of five hun-
dred dollars, or so much as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated out
of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Approved, July 6, 1886.
JOHN FRANKLIN MILLER.
FUNERAL SERVICES AT WASHINGTON AND SAN FRANCISCO,
On Monday, the 8th day of March, 1886, General JOHN
FRANKLIN MILLER, a Senator of the United States from the
State of California, died at his residence on Connecticut
avenue, in the city of Washington, after a long and painful
illness, which he bore with heroic fortitude. The remote
cause of his death may unquestionably be traced back to
wounds he had received while fighting the battles of his
country during the war of the rebellion, and especially a gun-
shot wound received in June, 1863, while leading his brigade
in a charge on the enemy's entrenchments at Liberty Gap,,
Tennessee. This wound destroyed the sight of his left eye>.
the ball an Enfield rifle bullet remaining in the bones back
of the eye, and in contact with the brain, for over twelve
years, when it was extracted by the surgeons. During all this
time he suffered intensely and his system was racked and
weakened by pain, so that he fell an easy prey to disease,,
which found nothing to resist its ravages but an indom-
itable will, whose strength doubtless prolonged his life for-
At a regular session of the Senate held on that day, Mr.
LELAND STANFORD, a United States Senator from the State
of California, arose in his place and made the following an-
Mr. STANFORD. Mr. President, it becomes my painful duty
to inform you of the death of my colleague, General JOHN
4 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
F. MILLER, who departed this life this afternoon at twenty
minutes past 2 o'clock, after a long and severe illness. I move
that the Senate, out of respect to his memory, adjourn.
Mr. GIBSON. Mr. President, I rise to second the motion.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is moved and seconded
that the Senate, in respect to the memory of our colleague
who has recently died, do now adjourn.
The motion was agreed to ; and (at 3 o'clock and 20 min
utes p. m.) the Senate adjourned.
On the same day Mr. WILLIAM W. MORROW, a Representa-
tive in Congress from the State of California, arose in his
place in the House of Representatives and announced Senator
MILLER'S death, in the following words :
Mr. MORROW. Mr. Speaker, the melancholy duty de-
volves upon me to announce the death of Senator JOHN F.
MILLER, of California, who died in this city after a prolonged
illness. Congress will undoubtedly set apart some day here-
after for the purpose of giving expression to the sentiment
entertained for the character and great public services of
Senator MILLER. As a mark of respect for the memory of
the deceased Senator, I move the adoption of the following
Resolved, That the House has received with profound sorrow the intel-
ligence of the death of Senator JOHN F. MILLER, of California.
Resolved, That out of respect to his memory this House do now adjourn.
The resolutions were unanimously adopted ; and accord-
ingly (at 4 o'clock and 5 minutes p. m.) the House ad-
On Wednesday, the llth day of March, the following pro-
ceedings were had in the Senate :
Mr. STANFORD. Mr. President, I ask the unanimous con-
sent of the Senate to offer a series of resolutions at this time.
Funeral Services. 5
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The resolutions will be read.
The resolutions were read, as follows :
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death,
of Hon. JOHN F. MILLER, late a Senator from California.
Resolved, That a committee of five Senators be appointed by the Presi-
dent pro tempore of the Senate to take order for superintending the
funeral of Mr. MILLER, and that, as a mark of respect entertained by the
Senate for his memory, his remains be removed from Washington to
California in charge of the Sergeant-at-Arms and attended by said com-
mittee, who shall have full power to carry this resolution into effect.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate communicate the foregoing
resolutions to the House of Representatives.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The question is on the adop-
tion of the resolutions.
The resolutions were agreed to unanimously; and Mr.
JONES of Nevada, Mr. FRYE, Mr. CULLOM, Mr. BUTLER, and
Mr. GRAY were appointed as the committee under the second
Mr. FRYE submitted the following resolution ; which was
considered by unanimous consent, and agreed to :
Resolved, That the Secretary invite the House of Representatives to
attend the funeral ceremony of Hon. JOHN F. MILLER, late a Senator from
the State of California, in the Senate Chamber on Saturday, March 13, at
12 o'clock m.
Mr. FRYE submitted the following resolution; which was
considered by unanimous consent, and agreed to :
Resolved, That invitation be extended to the President of the United
States and the members of his Cabinet, the Chief-Justice and the asso-
ciate justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the diplo-
matic corps, to attend the funeral ceremony of JOHN F. MILLER, late a-
Senator from the State of California, in the Senate Chamber on Saturday,
the 13th of March, at 12 o'clock.
The foregoing having been reported to the House of Rep-
resentatives on the same day, the following proceedings were
had there :
($ Life and Character of John F. Miller.
Mr. MORROW. Mr. Speaker, the resolution reported from
the Senate concerning arrangements to be made for the
funeral escort of Senator JOHN F. MILLER, of California,
contemplates that similar action be taken on the part of
the House, and that a committee be appointed to co-operate
with the Senate committee in accompanying the remains to
California. I therefore offer the resolution which I send
to the desk and ask its present consideration.
The SPEAKER. The resolution will be read.
The Clerk read as follows :
Resolved, That a special committee of seven members of the House be
appointed by the Speaker to accompany a similar committee appointed
by the Senate to escort the remains of Senator JOHN F. MILLER from Wash-
ington to California.
The resolution was agreed to.
On the 12th of March the Senate resolution inviting the
House of Representatives to attend the funeral ceremonies
of Senator MILLER having been presented by the Chair, the
following proceedings were had :
Mr. MORROW. I offer the resolution which I send to the
desk in relation to the subject-matter of the Senate resolu-
The Clerk read as follows :
Resolved, That the House accept the invitation of the Senate and attend
in a body the funeral services of the late Senator JOHN F. MILLER, of Cali--
fornia, in the Senate Chamber on Saturday, March 13, at 12 o'clock m.
The resolution was agreed to.
During the session of the Senate the same day there was
received a message from the House of Representatives, by
Mr. T. O. TOWLES, its Chief Clerk, announcing that the
Speaker of the House had appointed Mr. JOSEPH McKEXXA,
of California; Mr. J. THOMAS SPRIGGS, of New York ; Mr.
Funeral Services. 7
J. A. LOUTTIT, of California; Mr. J. B. MORGAN, of Missis-
sippi; Mr. WILLIAM P. HEPBURN, of IOWA; Mr. POLK LAF-
FOON, of Kentucky, and Mr. SETH L. MILLIKEN, of Maine,
the committee on the part of the House to accompany a sim-
ilar committee on the part of the Senate to escort the remains
of the late Senator JOHN F. MILLER from Washington to
On the morning of Saturday, March 13, after a brief
prayer by the Rev. Dr. LEONARD at the house, in the pres-
ence only of the family and a few of the immediate friends of
the deceased, the casket containing his remains was escorted
from his late home on Connecticut avenue to the Capitol
by an imposing cortege, headed by the Marine Band, playing
dirges, and marshaled by the Commandery of the Loyal
Legion for the District of Columbia. The route of the pro-
cession lay south on Connecticut avenue to K street ; east
on K street to Massachusetts avenue ; along Massachusetts
avenue to Delaware avenue ; thence south on Delaware
avenue to the Capitol grounds, where it halted in front of
the main entrance to the Capitol. Here, while the band
played " Nearer, my God, to Thee," the casket was borne by
the pall-bearers up the broad flight of steps, followed by the
family and friends, and escorted into the Senate Chamber,
where it was placed in front of the President's chair. The
pall-bearers were Messrs. STANFORD, BECK, HOAR, VOOR-
HEES, and HARRISON, on the part of the Senate ; Messrs.
FELTON, MORROW, RANDALL, HISCOCK, and TUCKER, on
the part of the House of Representatives ; and Dr. J. M.
BROWN, U. S. N., General ABSALOM BAIRD. U. S. A., Ad
miral T. A. JENKINS, U. S. N., General A. B. BIRNEY,
General W. S. ROSECRANS, General GREEN B. RAUM, Gen-
eral N. L. ANDERSON, and General R. B. MUSSEY, on the
part of the Loyal Legion.
8 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
The casket, of solid copper, inclosing a cedar silk-and-
satin-lined case, was similar to that in which the remains of
General Grant were interred. A plate-glass top afforded a
view of the features of the deceased. A silver plate bore
simply the full name and dates of birth and death.
The funeral services were held in the Senate on Saturday,
The Chaplain, Rev. E. D. HUNTLEY, D. D., offered the
" Let us pray.
"Almighty God, help us to come into Thy presence with
thanksgiving, and into -Thy courts with praise; for that
Thou art good, Thy wondrous works declare ; and Thy
goodness extendeth even unto us, for as individuals Thou
hast greatly blessed us, and as a nation Thou hast set us as a
city upon a hill whose light can not be hid.
"Grant, we pray Thee, that the light which is within us
may never become darkness, but may it be so replenished that
across the darkest night our institutions may flash signals of
encouragement and cheer to the weary, heavy laden peoples
of the earth.
"Again Thy servant Death has come among us and brought
a glad relief to a weary, patient sufferer. We thank Thee
that our brother was enabled through grace to triumph in
the presence of forces which dissolved this earthly taber-
nacle and hastened his moving into the building of God, that
house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. Help
us to live like him, that like him we also may know, when
our heart and our flesh faileth, what it is to have Thee as the
strength of our heart and our portion forever.
" We beg the sweet ministries of grace for the afflicted
family. Accompany them on their sad, long, lonely journey
to their distant home; and in Thine own good time may they
Funeral Services. 9
be permitted to rejoice again in the companionship of him
who has preceded them into the region of the blessed, the
land of the hereafter.
"We ask it in the name of Jesus Christ, our Mediator
and Redeemer. Amen."
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. By order of the Senate the
usual business will be suspended this day to enable the
Senate to participate in the funeral ceremonies deemed
appropriate on the death of Jo. N F. MILLER, late an
honored member of this body from the State of California.
At five minutes past 12 o'clock the members of the House
of Representatives, preceded by the Sergeant-at-Arms and
Clerk, and headed by the Speaker and Chaplain, entered the
Senate Chamber. The Speaker was escorted to a seat at the
right of the President pro tempore of the Senate; the Clerk
and Chaplain at the Secretary's desk; and the members of
the House were escorted to the seats on the floor provided
They were soon followed by the Chief -Justice and associate
justices of the Supreme Court of the United States clad in
their robes, the diplomatic corps attired in full court cos-
tumes, and the President and his Cabinet Ministers, who
were respectively escorted to the seats assigned them on the
floor of the Senate Chamber.
At half past 12 o'clock the casket containing the remains of
the deceased Senator was brought into the Senate Chamber,
preceded by Rev. WILLIAM A. LEONARD, D. D. , rector of
Saint John's Church, of Washington City, and escorted by
the committees of arrangements of the two Houses and pall-
bearers selected from the Loyal Legion; and followed by
members of the family and friends of the deceased.
The burial service of the Episcopal Church, with appro-
priate collects from the offices of the church, was read by
Rev. Dr. LEONARD.
10 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
The benediction was pronounced by Rev. Dr. HUNTLEY,
Chaplain of the Senate.
The PRESIDENT pro iempore. The funeral ceremonies
deemed appropriate to this occasion in the Senate Chamber
are now terminated. We consign all that is mortal of our
brother to the custody of an officer of the Senate and a com-
mittee of its members, to be conveyed to his home on the
Pacific, and there committed for burial to those who have
honored him and loved him so much when living. The Sen-
ate as a body will now attend the remains to the station.
Mr. CONGER. I move that the Senate adjourn with a view
to attend the funeral to the station.
The motion was agreed to ; and (at 12 o'clock and 5 min-
utes p. m.) the Senate adjourned.
On this occasion the Senate paid an extraordinary mark
of respect to the memory of their deceased colleague by fol-
lowing on foot his remains to the railway station, whence
they were to be taken to California. The only other time in
all its history that this action has been taken by the Senate
was on the occasion of the funeral of Charles Sumner, a Sena-
tor from Massachusetts.
The Marine Band headed the procession, which comprised,
besides the Senate, the Loyal Legion Com.man.dery, and
thousands of citizens of the several States, who thus testified
the respect in which they held the memory of the deceased
The testimonials of respect to Senator MILLER were
widespread, and extended from Washington City to San
Francisco. Everywhere that the funeral train bearing his
remains halted, friends flocked to drop flowers and tears on
the casket and to tender words of sympathy to the family.
The demonstrations of grief and expressions of synipa-
Funeral Services. H
thy were national in their character, because Senator MIL-
LER'S reputation was national, and because he had friends
in every State and Territory.
The funeral train had hardly begun the descent of the
western slope of the Sierra Nevada Mountains when the
people of the Pacific Slope came out with uncovered heads to
meet it and to place a guard of honor over the remains of
their beloved Senator.
At Colfax a delegation from San Francisco waited with a
special car to join the funeral train. In that party were
General DIMOND, General C. R. THOMPSON, and Colonel A.
G. HAWES, representing the Loyal Legion, and the general
committees and management of the Grand Army of the Re-
public and Sons of Veterans. Senator JOHN P. JONES, of
Nevada, on behalf of the Congressional delegation accom-
panying the remains, transferred their charge to the mili-
tary organizations with these words :
" Mr. Chairman of the Committee of George H. Thomas
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, and Gentlemen : Obedi-
ent to the commands of the Senate of the United States, we
have accompanied the remains of your late distinguished rep-
resentative to the &tate which had honored him and which
in turn he had honored by faithful and intelligent services.
It is less than six years since California commissioned him
to represent her in the Senate, but his career was so crowded
with brilliant and varied services that the time seemed longer.
" The esteem in which he was held by his associates found
expression in his early assignment to the chairmanship of
one of the most important committees of the body. This
is neither the time nor place to pronounce his eulogy. The
Senate will, in accordance with time-honored usage, set
apart a day upon which it will place imperishably on the
record its high appreciation of his character and the patri-
12 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
otic services which he has rendered the country. The griev-
ous wounds which he received in his country's defense wore
heavily upon him and shortened his life's journey. While,
under the providence of God, he did not die amid the roar
of battle and the din of charging squadrons, yet he yielded
up his life at his post of duty in the National Capital of a
happy and reunited country. Our mournful mission is ended
by committing to the charge of his comrades of the Grand
Army of the Republic the mortal part of JOHN FRANKLIN
At Sacramento the funeral party was joined by another
large military and civic delegation. The train halted at the
capital city for an hour or two, and hundreds of people,
among whom were many old soldiers, gathered around the
train with uncovered heads. When the train reached San
Francisco a great crowd on foot and in carriages awaited it
and formed an escort for the party to the mortuary chapel
of Trinity Church, where the casket was deposited. While
the remains lay in state they were visited by thousands of
people, the whole Pacific Slope seemingly joining in the ex-
pressions of grief, and at the funeral, on Sunday, March 21,
1886, every town of importance was represented by its dele-
gation of citizens.
The funeral took place at Trinity Church on Sunday after-
noon, at 2 o'clock. It was one of the most remarkable dem-
onstrations of the affection of the people for a friend and
trusted leader ever witnessed on the Pacific Slope. The floral
offerings that filled the chancel of the church were numerous,
fitting, and superb. The dim aisles bloomed like a magnifi-
cent green-house, and the mild air that pulsed with the ma-
jestic melancholy of martial funeral dirges was as heavy
with sweet odors as it was with sad strains.
At 11 o'clock in the morning people began to gather about
Funeral Services. 13
the church door. The crowd kept swelling until it extended
in quadruple lines on both sides of the roadway from the
portals of the church to the entrance to Laurel Hill Ceme-
tery, where the interment took place.
The services in the church were brief, beautiful, and im-
pressive. After the casket had been deposited in front of
the chancel, the choir sang the burial anthem of the service,
and afterwards "Rock of Ages " was rendered by a quartet.
The Rev. Dr. BEERS, pastor, spoke as follows:
' ' I speak in compliance with a request, which in this case
amounts to a command. My words are as well the prompting
of admiring and loving friendship, but at the same time the
utterances of sober truth. This is one of the rare occasions
when truth is eulogy and the language of panegyric does not
outmeasure the just meed of appreciation due to high per-
sonal character, large and well-applied endowments, and
great public services. This is proved in the present case by
the widespread shock caused by the death of Senator MILLER
and the universal sorrow experienced at a loss not soon nor
easily repaired. If human sympathy can ever avail to alle-
viate the pangs of irreparable bereavement, these mourning
ones may remember that they are encircled with the heart-
felt and loving sympathy of a whole people, and that the
tears of a community, a State, and a nation mingle with those
they shed. Though called away in the meridian of life, our
friend lived long enough to outstep the bounds of local and
State recognition, and to become a conspicuous figure on the
stage of national activities. It will be difficult to recall a
parallel in modern times of a Senator almost from the first
day challenging recognition as a man of mark in so august
and able a body as the upper house of Congress, and having
had accorded him so responsible and honorable a position as
the chairmanship of Foreign Affairs. We may also recall
14 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
the fact that to him is largely due the widespread attention
now given by statesmen and thinkers to the question of Mon-
golian immigration, as touching some of the deepest and most
vital interests of present and future generations. His
achievements as a soldier preceded by his career in civil life.
His coolness, judgment, and daring in battle brought him
warm commendation from his comrades and superiors. But
Senator MILLER manifested in various ways, official and per-
sonal, his fidelity and consistency in another sphere of life
and duty. He ' adorned the doctrine of God, our Saviour, in
all things,' and was a good soldier of Christ, and when words
were no more possible, signified by gesture that his faith did
not fail or falter. And so, full of honors but not of years,
with all earthly ministries that could make life desirable a
home the abode of peace and love, and troops of friends,
great gifts, abundance of wealth and wide influence our
friend has passed away, leaving those who survive the price-
less heritage of an example as perfect and pure as possible to
the frailty of man. Senator MILLER died a martyr to duty.
What the bullets of Stone River and Liberty Gap failed to
do, unmeasured application to the most difficult and delicate
work assigned to him accomplished. And so the stateliness
of earth soldier, Senator, citizen, Christian a modern Bay-
ard, without fear and without reproach. ' Blessed are the
dead who die in the Lord, for they rest from their labors and
their works do follow them.'"
The service closed with Dyke's hymn, "Lead, Kindly
Light," by the full choir, and the reading of a passage from
Scripture. As the casket was borne out " Nearer, my God,
to Thee" was sung.
The route from the church to the cemetery was several
miles in length, but it was lined with spectators, and sym-
bols of mourning were observed in all directions. Flags
Funeral Services. 15
floating at half-mast, furled banners of the Grand Army
posts, drums covered with black cloth, and many other
tokens attested the reason for the immense gathering on the
thoroughfares. The spectacle presented by the procession
as it went over the swelling hills was extremely impressive.
All the National Guards of San Francisco and Oakland
marched at its head to the music of funeral dirges and the
beat of muffled drums. The Third and First Regiments
followed with reversed arms. At the head of the posts of the
Grand Army of the Republic, with whom marched the Con-
federate Veterans of California, an old negro carried the
banner of the Department of California. Surrounding the
hearse were the pall-bearers, Governor GEORGE STONEMAN,
ex-Governor F. F. Low, ex-Senator NEWTON BOOTH, ex-
Senator A. A. SARGENT, Judge LORENZO SAWYER, General
CHAUNCEY MCKEEVER, Commodore RUSSELL, Louis SLOSS,
LEWIS GERSTLE, WILLIAM KOHL, G. NIEBAUM, WILLIAM
ALVORD, W. T. COLEMAN, WILLIAM L, MERRY, W. W.
MONTAGUE, JULES CERF, IRVING M. SCOTT, WILLIAM T.
GARRATT, CHARLES S. SUMNER, WILLIAM T. PEABODY,
Chancellor HARTSON, Judge JOHN CURRY, Colonel J. P.
HOGE, General W. L. ELLIOTT, Colonel A. G. HAWES,
CHARLES E. WILSON, General W. H. DIMOND. Preceding
the hearse, which was followed by carriages containing the
family and near relatives, were four carriages in which rode
the Congressional delegation. The Loyal Legion and the
Veteran Guard of the George H. Thomas Post acted as a
special escort to the remains. The funeral procession was
something more than two miles long.
The spot selected for the interment of Senator MILLER'S
remains is about half way up the sloping and verdant hill
side that forms the larger part of Laurel Hill Cemetery, one
of the most beautiful burying-grounds in the country. The
day was perfect. The odor of springtime filled the air.
16 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
The consequence was that a large throng of spectators
poured into the cemetery and pressed about the grave.
When the military companies and Grand Army of the Re-
public posts arrived they formed in line along the roadway
to the place of burial.
The services at the grave were conducted by the Thomas
Post. When the casket, which was draped with the flag of
the post and loaded with white flowers, was set over the'
mouth of the grave, Dr. BEERS read the Episcopal burial
Commander WILSON, of the post, then said :
" We are assembled to pay the last sad rites to the mem-
ory of a soldier of the Republic. The chaplain will offer
After Chaplain MATTHEWS had done so, and the Masonic
Quartet had sung " The Lord is My Shepherd,'' Commander
WILSON spoke, saying :
" Memory carries us back to the time when shoulder to
shoulder we fought for the dear old flag. May the dangers
encountered and bravely overcome by our dead hero be an
encouragement to the youth of this country when called
upon to fight in its defense. As a soldier he was loyal,
patriotic, and brave ; as a statesman, he was able and vigor-
ous, and true to every trust reposed in him ; as a citizen,
he was upright, charitable, and humane; and in all the rela-
tions of life he was the noblest work of God, an honest man.
He has left behind the aroma of a worthy life. Tenderly,
reverently, and affectionately do we commit his body to the
General GOULD then said: "On behalf of the Grand
Army of the Republic I place this tribute on our comrade's
coffin as a symbol of undying love." He deposited a wreath
on the casket.
Funeral Services. 17
"As a symbol of purity," said Comrade T. H. GOODMAN,
laying a white rose tied with ribbon on the coffin, " I place
this, here. May future generations emulate the character of
him whose ashes lie below."
General W. H. L. BARNES put the laurel on the coffin and
said in sonorous tones : "As a token of affection for our de-
ceased comrade in arms, I crown his remains with this em-
blem of victory."
Chaplain MATTHEWS read the Grand Army service, the
Masonic Quartet sang " Thy Will Be Done," and after the
prayer the casket was lowered into the vault, where it was
placed under the slab on which rests the remains of the
young son of the deceased. The three companies of the
National Guard, commanded by Colonel WILDER, fired three
volleys over the grave.
Many of the large and elaborate floral offerings which
had been placed in the church were set about the grave.
The remains of the dead Senator were literally buried in
9318 MIL 2
PROCEEDINGS IN THE SENATE,
The 27th day of May having been designated and set apart
by the Senate as the day upon which addresses in commem-
oration of the life and services of General MILLER should be
delivered, the following proceedings were had there :
Mr. STANFORD. Mr. President, in accordance with the
notice given some time ago that on this day I would move
certain resolutions in reference to my late colleague, JOHN
F. MILLER: I beg to offer resolutions.
The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The resolutions will be
The Chief Clerk read as follows :
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of JOHN F. MILLER, late a Senator from the State of California.
Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased, the
business of the Senate be now suspended to enable his associates to pay
proper tribute of regard to his high character and distinguished public
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate communicate these resolu-
tions to the House of Representatives.
The resolutions were agreed to unanimously.
Address of Mr. STANFORD, of California.
Mr. PRESIDENT : The Senate is asked this afternoon to sus-
pend its regular business in order that the last tributes to
the memory of Senator JOHN F. MILLER can be paid by his
former associates of this body.
20 Life and Character of John F. 3liller.
The character and public services of the distinguished de-
ceased are deserving of public and official recognition. The
people of California have already performed this office. The
expressions voiced by them have been that the nation has
lost a worthy, faithful, and devoted servant, an exemplary
citizen, and an honored Senator.
On the afternoon of the 8th of March, Senator MILLER
passed from mortal life after a long and painful illness. We
had been led to believe and had hoped that he would be able
to attend this session of the Senate. When he came to this
city, in December last, from his distant home in California,
he had strong hopes of resuming his official duties, but it
was ordered otherwise. During his illness I frequently saw
him, and found him always hopeful for the best and extremely
desirous of resuming his Senatorial labors. As the winter
closed he thought that with the incoming of spring he would
gain strength enough to resist the ranges of his disease for
a short time, even if he did not permanently regain his full
health. At one time it seemed as if his will power and
strength would be sufficient, but his strength failed him.
He passed into the other world surrounded by those most
dear to him on this earth.
General MILLER was descended from two of the most re-
spected families of Virginia, and was of Swiss-Scotch ex-
traction, his progenitor on his father's side having left Switz-
erland to find in America what was denied him in the land
of his birth the freedom to worship God in accordance with
the dictates of his own conscience; while his paternal grand-
mother's family were from Scotland. In the first decade of
the present century his grandfather and father, who were
then located in Franklin County, Virginia, decided on leav-
ing that State, and before doing so manumitted their slaves.
It may be easily supposed that the strong appreciation of
liberty and the rights of man possessed by JOHN F. MILLER
Address of Mr. Stanford, of California. 21
came to him as a natural heritage from a father and grand-
father whose sense of justice and liberty was so great as 1 to
impel them to make a voluntary sacrifice at a time when
slavery was by many held to be lawful and right.
Having started out from Virginia, the first halting place
of the Miller family was at a point in Kentucky on the Ohio
River, near Maysville, where, after a short stay, they built
flatboats upon which they floated down the Ohio to the
present site of Cincinnati. Subsequently the family home
was chosen in Union County, Indiana, near Indian Creek,
in the great Miami Valley.
By a coincidence, the maternal branch of JOHN F. MIL-
LER'S family was of the same name as the paternal. His
mother's father, John Miller, was a colonel commanding
volunteer forces in Indiana and Ohio during the war of 1812,
and won an extensive reputation for his successful warfare
against the British and their Indian allies. His father was
a man of great force of character, a natural leader, and ex-
ercised a wide and powerful influence in the State of his
adoption. Here, in Union County, Indiana, a few miles from
Cincinnati, JOHN F. MILLER was born. A short time after his
birth the family removed to South Bend, where his early days
were passed. He received an academical education at South
Bend, and at Chicago was fitted for college; but prefer-
ring to embark as soon as possible upon his life career, he
chose to enter at once upon the study of the law, in which
he graduated at the New York State Law School at the age
of twenty-one. He began the practice of the law at South
Bend in the same year, achieving early success. In the year
1853 he first came to California, and, locating at Napa, re-
sumed the practice of his profession with marked success.
In the winter of 1855-'56 he was summoned back to Indiana
by the news that his mother was dangerously ill. Happily
this was a mistake, and Mrs. Miller lived to see her son
22 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
prosperous, happy, and highly honored. She passed away
last fall at the mature age of seventy-four.
Mr. MILLER, however, remained in Indiana, re-engaging
in the practice of law, and 1861 found him a member of the
senate of that State. In 1857 he had married Miss Mary
Chess, of Pennsylvania. Of their marriage two children
were born; the daughter survives her brother, who nassed
away in San Francisco in 1878 at the age of seven years.
Mr. MILLER was one of the first to respond in behalf of
the Union at the breaking out of the rebellion. Governor
Morton, the great war governor of Indiana, appointed him
colonel of the Twenty-ninth Indiana Infantry, and he re-
signed his seat in the legislature of the State. Few men
are better fitted for a soldier's career than was JOHN F. MIL-
LER. He had a cool head, great personal bravery, and in-
domitable energy, as well as the other traits that go to make
up a successful soldier. As the conflict progressed, deserved
promotion for "conspicuous bravery" was given him, and
the close of the war found him brigadier and brevet major
general. On his return to Indiana, Governor Morton pre-
sented him a sword which he had promised the soldier of
the State who distinguished himself the most and reflected
the greatest credit on his State and country. The details of
his honorable military career may well be left to his comrades
in arms, several of whom are members of this body.
When the sound of the conflict had passed away, General
MILLER was offered a commission as colonel in the regiilar
Army, but he declined it. He was a soldier only because
there was a war, and preferred to return to the more active
and to him more desirable competition of professional and
political life. He returned a second time to California, and
President Johnson offered him the position of collector of
the port of San Francisco. He accepted, and performed the
duties of that important office for four years with great
Address of Mr. Stanford, of California. 23
credit. He surrendered the office at the end of his term, de-
clining a reappointment. After that he took an active in-
terest in the management of the Alaska Commercial Com-
pany ; was a candidate for presidential elector in 1872, 1876,
and 1880, and his election to the United States Senate fol-
lowed in 1881. He took his seat in this body March 4 of that
year. The responsible duties of this position he discharged
in such a manner as to satisfy his constituents and secure the
respect and esteem of his brother Senators.
At noon on Saturday, March 13, there were held in this
Chamber impressive funeral ceremonies in his honor, in
the presence of the President, the members of the Senate
and House of Representatives, the Supreme Court of the
United States, the diplomatic representatives of foreign
countries, members of the Loyal League and other organiza-
tions. Every available place in both Chamber and galleries
was filled. At the conclusion of the ceremonies the remains
were escorted by members of this body, accompanied by a
committee from the House of Representatives, to the depot,
whence later in the evening the committee appointed by this
body and the House of Representatives accompanied them
to San Francisco, where, on March 21, funeral ceremonies
again took place in the presence of an immense concourse
of his sorrowing fellow-citizens.
On the occasion of the funeral there, Rev. Dr. Beers, of
the Episcopal church, said of the deceased : "This is one
of those rare occasions when truth is eulogy and the lan-
guage of panegyric does not outmeasure the just meed of
appreciation due to high personal character, large and well-
applied endowments, and great public service. This is proved
in the present case by the widespread shock caused by the
death of Senator MILLER and the universal sorrow experi-
enced at a loss not soon nor easily repaired. If human sym-
24 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
pathy can ever avail to alleviate the pangs of irreparable
bereavement, these mourning ones may remember that they
are encircled with the heartfelt and loving sympathy of a
whole people, and that the tears of a community, a State,
and a nation mingle with those they shed. Though called
away in the meridian of life, our friend lived long enough
to outstep the bounds of local and State recognition, and to
become a conspicuous figure on the stage of national activi-
ties. * * * His achievements as a soldier preceded his
career in civil life. His coolness, judgment, and daring in
battle brought him warm commendation from his comrades
"But Senator MILLER manifested in various ways, official
and personal, his fidelity and consistency in another sphere
of life and duty. He 'adorned the doctrine of God our
Saviour in all things,' and was a good soldier of Christ, and
when words were no more possible signified by gesture that
his faith did not fail or falter. And so, full of honors, but
not of years, with all earthly ministries that could make life
desirable a home the abode of peace and love, and troops
of friends, great gifts, abundance of wealth, and wide in-
fluence our friend has passed away, leaving those who
survive the priceless heritage of an example as perfect and
pure as is possible to the frailty of man. Senator MILLER
died a martyr to duty. What the bullets of Stone River
and Liberty Gap failed to do, unmeasured application to the
most difficult and delicate work assigned him accomplished.
And so the stateliness of earth soldier, Senator, citizen,
Christian a modern Bayard, passed away without fear and
without reproach. ' Blessed are the dead who die in the
Lord, for they rest from their labors and their works do
follow them.'" .
These sentiments, so beautifully expressed, find a cordial
indorsement from all who knew him as a private citizen, a
Address of Mr. Edmunds, of Vermont. 25
legislator in Indiana, a soldier of the nation, and a Senator
General MILLER'S life was a success. The work he under-
took he did well, whether in camp, in commerce, or in Con-
gress. He gained commendation on every side and in every
path of duty in which he walked. His persuasive eloquence,
earnest, able, and logical reasoning, was recognized in this
Chamber. He took an active interest in everything that
looked to the welfare of his State, his party, and his country.
He was a progressive man and a warm friend. In politics
he was a Republican and a partisan, and never sought to
He believed that "he who serves his country best serves
his party best." He is gone. Impartial history will delight
to place his name, as a private and public citizen, high
among those who are worthy examples for their country men
to admire and imitate.
Address of Mr. EDMUNDS, of Vermont.
Mr. PRESIDENT : I must beg permission to pay my heart-
felt tribute to the memory of our late associate and our
I did not have the pleasure of knowing him during his most
honorable and conspicuous career in the Army of the United
States in the darkest hour of its destiny, but all that history
tells of it, all that his surviving comrades tell of it, all that
his then foes but now friends tell of it, unite in showing how
brave and wise and prudent a soldier he was. I have to say
rather what I have known of him here in this Chamber, and
what I have known of him as a friend and neighbor in our
associations during our stay in this city.
26 Life and Character of John F. Millar.
It was my pleasure and privilege to be for a long time his
associate as a member of the Committee on Foreign Rela-
tions, of which he was the chairman a committee as you
know, Mr. President, and as all the Senators know, that
often has to do with questions not only of great practical
importance but of extreme delicacy. Senator MILLER
brought to that duty, coming as he did from the field of
business, of politics, and of war, and not from a career of
previous diplomatic experience or instruction, a tact, and a
quality of suiting things to each other, and of harmonizing
difficulties so far as consistent with truth and justice and
national honor which would have done credit to any man
who had spent his whole life in the training of diplomatic
and international intercourse.
Never excited, never astray, patient, persistent in that as
he was in his previous career in the Army, he contributed
as much certainly, if not more than any other member of
that committee or any other member of the Senate, to the
satisfactory progress and adjustment of the affairs that
were intrusted to that committee, which, as you know, is so
often and so necessarily in conference with the Executive
and his Secretary of State respecting a great many affairs
that are never even brought to the attention of the whole
body of the Senate. .
So I can say of him with a truth and an eulogy that is not
exaggerated, that in that most delicate and conspicuous
and responsible position he was a man equal to the respon-
sibilities of the place.
His career here we all know, in the public legislation and
operations of this body never a frequent speaker, never a
long speaker when he had occasion to address the Senate,
but always the man of thought, the man of attention, the
man of industry, the man of practical sagacity^ who brought
Address of Mr. Edmunds, of Vermont. 27
to the solution of every question, whether legislative or ex-
ecutive, the patient and persistent energy and intelligence
that should produce for his country and for his State the
I think such an American citizen is a' model for us all, is
an inspiration to all who are to follow us here, or who are
to perform the equally important duties of American citi-
zens in their respective spheres.
But. Mr. President, outside of this Chamber and in the in-
tercourse of social and friendly life that intercourse which
gives nearly all the sweetness and happiness and hope that
there is in the somewhat weary ways we travel I think Mr.
MILLER was peculiar in the circumstance that with this
positiveness of character, this persistence of energy, this
solidity of opinion, which did not yield except for good rea-
son, the social and the private side of his character was as
sweet and gentle as that of a woman. I knew him well,
and with a sincere sensibility I pay this tribute to that part
of his life that was not seen in this Chamber.
I saw him often during the distressing hours of his last
days. In all the pain and misery that his mortal disease
gave to him there was the same steadfast calmness of per-
sistent patience that had exhibited itself on the active
side of his life. With no murmuring, no grief, no sorrow
except that natural one of leaving behind him those he
loved, he faced the door that opens to that mysterious land
we all hope to see, and greeted with, a happy hope, I am
sure, when the door at last opened, that spacious sunshine
far from pain to which he felt and knew he was so soon
I lay upon his grave the tribute of my most affectionate
28 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
Address of Mr. VoORHEES, of Indiana.
Mr. PRESIDENT : The distinguished soldier and civilian
whose death we mourn and whose memory we cherish won
and wore in his lifetime, and in full and abundant measure,
the honors of two great States, far distant from each other.
Fifty-five years ago in the beautiful valley of the White-
water, in Eastern Indiana, JOHN F. MILLER was born. He
grew to manhood's bright estate and equipped himself for
his brilliant career under the favorable and progressive
influences of his native State. He first appeared in connec-
tion with public affairs as a member of the Indiana State
senate from Saint Joseph County in 1860. He was then
twenty-nine years of age, handsome in face and person, and
attractive in manner. Those who saw him then could best
appreciate when they met him in after years the changes
wrought by wounds, suffering, and time. He remained but
a short time in the civil service of Indiana. The ill-omened
roar of artillery at Sumter in April, 1861, startled men from
the repose of peace and inflamed their blood for battle as no
other opening act of war ever did in the history of nations.
The people of the North and of the South instinctively
knew the desperate and fatal meaning of those dread echoes,
and they simultaneously sprang to arms for that irrepres-
sible conflict which in the high councils of Almighty God
was decreed to be settled by the sword. In that first rush to
the field General MILLER was among the foremost. He re-
signed his seat as a member of the senate in the Indiana leg-
islature and took command as colonel of the Twenty-ninth
Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. From that day until the
war closed he appeared at all times and under all circum-
stances as the highest and best type of an American soldier
Address of Mr. Voorhees, of Indiana. 29
Two hundred thousand of the youth and flower of Indiana
took their part in the harvest of death from the Potomac to
the Gulf and to the ensanguined plains beyond the Missis-
sippi. Their record is brilliant and conspicuous for courage
and endurance wherever the flag was planted.
But in all the bright array of Indiana soldiers no name has
a prouder place or does more honor to the history of his
native State than that of JOHN F. MILLER. I need not de-
tail his military services. They are preserved in the annals
of his country and cherished in the hearts of his country-
men. He was brevetted a major-general for conspicuous
courage in battle, and merited and should have received a
major-general's commission and full rank. The future im-
partial historian will notice and record the fact that the
military officers of Indiana during the great conflict between
the sections did not, as a rule, receive such promotion and
advancement to high rank and command as their abilities
and services demanded. With material in the field equal to
any from Ohio, Illinois, or any other State, yet the just
claims of hard-fighting colonels and brigadiers from Indiana
were but sparingly recognized by promotion. This, how-
ever, is not the time nor the occasion to assign the reason for
the fact I have stated.
With the return of peace General MILLER sought the Pa-
cific coast and made his home in that wonderful State whose
discovery, development, and wealth have flashed upon the
world more like a bewildering romance than a stupendous
reality in human history. In the midst of the strong and
pushing people of that remarkable. Commonwealth where
"the survival of the fittest" is a practical daily law and not
a mere speculative theory, General MILLER went to the front
and there maintained himself. Indiana may be pardoned
for her interest and pride in her sons in distant States. It
30 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
is a somewhat singular circumstance that when he entered
this body he succeeded the accomplished and eloquent Booth,
also a native of Indiana.
As a Senator moving here in the midst of his associates,
General MILLER was admired, respected, and beloved. His
abilities were of a high order, and he brought to the dis-
charge of his duties the habits and methods of a trained and
cultivated mind. His demeanor was full of quiet, dignified
courtesy toward all. He was always a gentleman. General
MILLER had been for many years an intense sufferer, and
there is no doubt that his life was shortened by the shock
and severity of his wounds. In the ordinary course of nature,
and by reason of a strong physical constitution, death should
long have spared him to his family, his friends, and his
country. But though prematurely called he met the great
inevitable change with the firmness and the faith of a soldier
and a Christian. Sir, how thick and fast come the warnings
to us all that this earth is not our abiding home ; that our
lives are as fleeting shadows a moment here on the shore-
less, illimitable ocean of time, then gone forever ! On every
hand, and keeping time with the days and almost with the
hours, our friends and comrades depart, recede from our
longing embrace, and disappear from our tearful gaze. How
empty and vain appear all the honors of this world at such
a time, and how pitiful the conflicts and asperities of human
Sir, it seems but yesterday when General MILLER walked
and thought and toiled in our midst, but we shall see him
no more amongst living men. On the far-off Pacific coast
all of him that was mortal will repose forever. Indiana
joins California as a mourner for the honored dead, and lays
an evergreen garland of gratitude for his services, and
affection for his memory on his grave.
Address of Mr. Logan, of Illinois. 31
Address of Mr. LOGAN, of Illinois.
Mr. PRESIDENT : In the death of JOHN F. MILLER, of
California, a loss to the country has been sustained the full
extent of which can now only be realized by those whose
good fortune it was to know him intimately. He had arrived
at that position in life when, having conquered the difficul-
ties Avhich confront youth at the beginning of its career, he
was ready to enter upon a field of broad usefulness, in which
he would have earned a brilliant and lasting place in the
national annals of his period. But he was fated to be like a
gallant general who, after having carried the ramparts of an
enemy's works, is stricken down upon the very threshold of
well-earned victory. In this Chamber, where he was known
and honored, the sentiment that his death was untimely is
general and deeply rooted.
The parents of the late Senator MILLER were, originally,
citizens of the State of Virginia, whence they emigrated to
Indiana at a time when the latter was considered fairly en-
titled to be designated as the Far West. In this new State,
which, in reference to its then recent admission to the Union,
may be said to have been still in its teens, JOHN F. MILLER
was born, in the year 1831. His youth was passed f.mid
those frontier scenes which have developed some of the
strongest characters of American history. At an early age
he evinced an unequivocal aptitude for books ; and his
parents, resolving to give him all of the limited advantages
of an education then accessible to the Western boy, sent
him to an academy in South Bend, where he obtained such
preliminary education as it was possible to furnish. At the
age of eighteen he began the study of law, and in the year
1852 graduated with much credit from the New York State
32 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
Law School, to which he had gone to avail himself of its
course. Returning to his home in Indiana he began the
practice of law, but soon being seized with the California
fever, then fully developed, he joined the immense concourse
of people who were flocking to the new El Dorado.
Pursuing the practice of law for a few years on the Pacific
coast, he returned again to the home of his youth, resolving
to spend the remainder of his days among the friends who
loved him so well. In the year 1860 he was elected to mem-
bership in the Indiana State senate, but upon the inaugura-
tion of the rebellion, being then only thirty years of age, he
entered the Union Army, and was at once made colonel of
the Twenty-ninth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. Evinc-
ing military ability of a high grade, he was soon placed in
command of a brigade, and served at different periods under
Generals Sherman, Rosecrans, and Thomas.
At the battle of Stone River General MILLER exhibited
this ability in a very conspicuous manner. Two days be-
fore this engagement he had been painfully wounded and
was still suffering acutely from the effects of the wound.
Having been ordered to the support of General Crittenden's
corps, at Stone River, he took position with his brigade upon
the left of the railroad in an open field, and near the bank
of the stream. About 4 o'clock in the afternoon a furious
attack was made by the enemy upon General Beatty's or
VanCleve's division, which was then across the river. The
latter was compelled to retreat to the other side again
through General MILLER'S lines. The enemy had followed
the retiring Unionist and were now upon the opposite bank,
directly facing General MILLER'S brigade.
A spirited action at once, took place between the two bod-
ies of troops across the stream. Under the dreadful fire of
General MILLER'S force the enemy began to waver and then
Address of Mr. Logan, of Illinois. 33
to fall back. General MILLER perceiving his advantage,
determined to follow it, and gave orders for an immediate
advance. At this moment an order came to him from a gen-
eral officer, not his immediate commander, to desist from
the attempt to cross the river. "With the self-reliance mark-
ing independent natures, General MILLER dashed across the
river with his troops, the enemy flying before him in order
to gain the cover of the batteries in his rear. On went the
Unionists under the lead of the gallant MILLER. Nothing
pould withstand their intrepidity. A charge was made upon
a battery of four guns, with the fire of the pieces fairly blaz-
ing in the faces of the attacking party. A hand-to-hand
conflict took place ; the battery was captured, and with it
the colors of the regiment serving it.
The movement of General MILLER was perilous in the ex-
treme ; but the importance of the result obtained fully justi-
fied the daring attempt. The check received by the enemy
through General MILLER'S audacious bravery undoubtedly
contributed as much if not more than any other thing in
turning the tide in favor of our troops at this battle and pre-
vented the enemy from occupying the heights overlooking
He was severely wounded at Liberty Gap, and after*
ward commanded a large force at the battle of Nashville,
where he gained great distinction.
These incidents are selected from the military career of
General MILLER in order to illustrate the strong character
and ardent patriotism of the man whose loss we have so
recently been called upon to mourn.
With no previous military education he entered the Union
Army at the beginning of the war, and simply through force
of his marked personal characteristics, backed by the fitness
for arms which the life of a free-born American citizen is so
9318 MIL 3
34 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
well calculated to create, lie left the Army at the termina-
tion of the conflict with the rank of a brevet major-general.
The military career of the lamented MILLER furnishes
another interesting example of the resources of the United
States when forced to the dread alternative of war. For-
tunately, the country has not often been called to accept
this alternative during the course of its peaceful history;
but old England, the most warlike of nations, and old Mex-
ico, the most powerful of the Hispano- American republics,
have alike had cause to marvel at the military strength of
our country, almost without an army or a military establish-
ment, and traditionally devoted to a career of peace.
The concealed military power of the United States, if I
may so express it, has been remarkable, and an unpleasant
development to all of the nations of the world, whose sov-
ereigns have been accustomed for so long a period to regard
a standing army as the only true measure of the power of
the people. Such a spectacle as the American volunteer
soldier has never been seen in the history of governments.
Behold a man, quietly following his peaceful avocation,
surrounded by family and friends, and with no thoughts
save those connected with the routine of an unostentatious
life and the faithful fulfillment of the obligations of citizen-
ship. Sixty million people every day, in this broad and
happy land, to the call of such peaceful duties and the round
of such an eventful life. Not a banner, nor a military trap-
ping, nor the beat of a drum can be seen or heard to break
the even tenor of industrial and domestic pursuit. But hark !
The shrill note of the bugle has broken the stillness of the
air. Look again, and behold a marvelous transformation !
The quiet man. who mayhap was clad in homespun vest-
ments and engaged in following the sloAV course of a plow
over a forbidding field, has vanished ; and there now stands
Address of Mr. Logan, of Illinois. 35
in his place a grim soldier, attired in the uniform of his reg-
iment and examining the deadly qualities of his rifle. The
air is filled with martial music, and the roads and streets
resound to the tramp of the American volunteers as they go
forth to certain triumph. The ringing of the steel ; the even
tread of moving regiments ; the clatter of horses' feet ; the
rolling of artillery wheels ; the swelling strains of the bands ;
the waving banners ; the shouting of the masses all indi-
cate the irresistible moving of an army that has sprung into
martial completeness with the suddenness of the birth of
Minerva from the brain of Jove.
This is no strained figure of a patriotic imagination. An
actual fact is represented, which has demonstrated upon
more than one occasion the utter disparity between a merely
hired soldiery and an army of freemen, moving with all the
elements of successful war to the defense of their principles,
their homes, and their cherished institutions.
It is safe to say that no foreign power can subdue a nation
thus defended ; and so long as the free spirit of American
institutions is preserved untainted and untrammeled, so
long as the people continue to feel that they are the sover-
eigns and the directors of the Government of the United
States, so long will that Government continue invincible to
the attacks of enemies, whether they be foreign or domestic.
At the termination of the late war General MILLER found
himself still suffering from the effects of wounds received
during the course of his honorable service. One of these
was of such a nature as to induce the diseased action which
ultimately put a premature end to his useful life.
In the year 1866 General MILLER was appointed collector
for the port of San Francisco, and this appointment led to
his permanent removal to the Pacific coast. Of energetic
character, he believed that his field of activity would be
36 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
enlarged in a section of country still needing strong arms,
broad minds, and courageous hearts for its permanent de-
velopment. From the date of his arrival General MILLER
became a prominent man upon our Western coast, both in
its industrial and political progress. His official adminis-
tration won for him the good- will of all parties and classes,
guided as he ever was by the strict principles of honor and
His efforts, however, were not limited to the mere per-
functory discharge of the duties of his Federal office. At
all times and at all seasons he was ready to aid with his
influence and his means every feasible plan for the unfolding
of the industrial and social interests of the Pacific Slope.
Firmly believing with the quaint writer, Swift, that ''who-
ever could make two ears of corn or two blades of grass to
grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before
would deserve better of mankind and do more essential serv-
ice to his country than the whole race of politicians put
together," he sought to call into development previously
unknown elements of wealth ; and when finally freed from
the cares and restraints of office he became the leading spirit
of a business enterprise that has largely added to the wealth
and commercial interests of our whole country.
But a man of such activity and of such large capability
could not remain unsought to aid in the political interests of
his party. In 1872, in 1876, and in 1880 he occupied a place
upon the California Republican electoral, ticket. In 1879 he
was elected by a handsome vote to be a member of the con-
vention to form a State constitution. In 1881 he was selected
by the California legislature to represent that State in this
body, and his service in the capacity of Senator dates from
the 4th of March of that year, when he took the oath of office.
From that time to the date of his death his colleagues here
Address of Mr. Logan, of Illinois. 37
became familiar with the man whose career, though previ-
ously bristling with usefulness, was now about to yield its
fullest fruition. An active worker, a far-seeing counselor,
a genial friend, a magnanimous opponent one and all
came to respect and love him for his strong mind, his manly
worth, and his gentle qualities of heart.
During the five years that he held membership in this
body Senator MILLER was a silent sufferer from the wound
he had received in the defense of his country ; and it was
this suffering alone that prevented him from filling the
sphere of activity offered by his national character as fully
as he certainly otherwise would have done.
The progress of his malady at length began to demon-
strate that the career of our colleague was doomed to suffer
untimely abridgment, like
The bud bit with an envious worm,
Ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air,
Or dedicate his beauty to the sun.
Suddenly, upon an inhospitable day, when the very ele-
ments seemed hung with weeds of sorrow, the frost came
and with ruthless touch withered a life that held within its
clasp probabilities extending far beyond the limits of any
Senator MILLER was a true type of the American free-
man, of manly form, strong of mind, with quick perception
and rapidity of decision; with iron courage, and a gentle
nature, that melted enmity into friendship and opposition
into compliance, he was a marked man among his fellows.
He was at home among the humble, and always a peer of
His life was full of promise, and his sudden death was
rounded by melancholy disappointment. The life was in-
structive, and the death suggestive to his friends.
38 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
We are here to-day to render a tribute of appreciation and
of sorrow in presence of a calamity which extends beyond
the limits of the family threshold and invades the circle of
the national interest. We are here to drop the tear of sym-
pathy, and to pronounce the encomium, "Well done, thou
good and faithful servant." In bewailing our colleague's
loss we cannot be unmindful of the circumstance that death
is the common lot of all. To play our parts well upon life's
great stage is worthy of. the loftiest ambition. But the time
comes when, standing in presence of such a catastrophe as
we are now contemplating, we are profoundly impressed by
the reminder of the immortal dramatist :
Our revels now are ended. These our actors,
As I foretold you, were all spirits, and
Are melted into air, into thin air;
And, like the baseless fabric of this vision,
The cloud-capped towers, the gorgeous palaces,
The solemn temples, the great globe itself,
Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,
And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,
Leave not a rack behind. We are such stuff
As dreams are made of, and our little life
Is rounded with a sleep.
Departed colleague, sleep on ; thou hast earned thy rest,
and thy country is better that thou hast lived. The nation
mourns thee and thy friends bewail thee ; but having passed
the portals of the mysterious realm they would not call thee
back. Thy work belongs to thy country, and thy rest to
thee. To thy colleagues is left the remembrance of thy
gentle spirit ; but to them also is given the exquisite pain of
pronouncing the most terrible of all words :
For in that word that fatal word howe'er
We promise, hope, believe there breathes despair.
Address of Mr. Fair, of Nevada. 39
Address of Mr. FAIR, of Nevada.
Mr. PRESIDENT : In the brief time that I shall occupy the
attention of the Senate I will be unable to give a fitting
tribute to the life and services of Senator MILLER. I cannot,
however, allow this occasion to pass without giving expres-
sion to the feelings of respect and admiration I have for his
It was my good fortune for a number of years to know
Senator MILLER well, and we became warm friends. His
death, therefore, to me was not simply the passing away of
a distinguished citizen, but was a personal bereavement.
JOHN F. MILLER has passed away at the age of fifty-five
years. How much of effort, achievement, yea, of suffering,
have been crowded into that short period of time.
Mr. President, the career of this man may well be pointed
to as an example and incentive for the rising generation of
the Republic. Few men of our time have filled as he has,
with heaping measure, the requirements of every public and
private station. With the true ambition for success and
fame, he early fitted himself for the great intellectual strug-
gle of life.
Entering upon the practice of law in his native State of
Indiana, he soon conceived the idea of establishing himself in
California, whither he went and remained for a period of three
years. He then decided to return to Indiana, where he was
soon chosen to the honorable position of State senator. He
occupied this position at the time that the opening of our
great civil war startled the country. Resigning his duties
as a legislator he entered with patriotic enthusiasm into the
great struggle for the Union and led to the field a regiment
I will not descant at length upon his military career ; but
40 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
it is well known that in this field of endeavor he displayed
those noble traits of character coolness, courage, and re-
sources which in time of war make heroes of men.
At the great three days' battle of Stone River it fell to his
lot to occupy the key of the position. With the true mili-
tary instinct, he took in the situation, and without orders he
made an assault which opened the way to victory, and in
this terrible struggle he received the wound from which he
suffered so much and which no doubt finally contributed to
his death. This, however, did not end his military career.
At Nashville he was intrusted with a larger command and
with conspicuous gallantry aided in the overthrow of Hood's
Successful in war, it was left to him to be equally success-
ful in peace. Again becoming a citizen of California, he
was chosen to conspicuous and responsible positions under
the National and State governments, and was finally chosen
to represent that great State in this Chamber. Here his
ability received a fitting recognition when he was placed at
the head of one of the leading committees of the Senate.
As a man of business and of affairs he was always recog-
nized as possessing large ability. In the private walks of
life and in the social circle he made hosts of friends. In
fact it may be said that here was a conspicuous and distin-
guished man without an enemy. It would seem that the
life of Senator MILLER was a series of unbroken successes ;
this statement necessarily includes the idea that his combi-
nation of good qualities entitled him to succeed.
He was a man of fine intellectual endowments ; he pos-
sessed an admirably balanced mind, and a heart full of con-
sideration for his fellow-man. He was a man of patriotism,
of honor, and honesty, and I join with his warmest friends
in deploring his untimely death.
Address of Mr. Harrison, of Indiana. 4.]
Address of Mr. HARRISON, of Indiana.
Mr. PRESIDENT: There seemed to be an appropriateness in
the suggestion made to me some days ago by the senior Sen-
ator from California that the representatives of the State of
Indiana in this Chamber should take part in these memorial
exercises. JOHN F. MILLER was born in Union County, In-
diana; received his education and spent his early manhood
in that State. It was there that he entered public life as a
senator from the county of Saint Joseph, and from that
State, bearing the commission of its great war governor, he
went into the Army of the Union in August, 1861, as colonel
of the Twenty-ninth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infan-
try. He did much to make the name of the State illustrious
in that great and protracted struggle. Indiana will always
cherish his memory, and will write his name high upon that
tardy monument which she is yet to build to the memory of
her dead soldiers. The highest achievements of his conspic-
uous and useful life are associated with the history of his
native State. His removal very soon after the close of the
war to California gave to that State the high privilege of
crowning his service and sacrifice for the Union with the
highest civil honors in the gift of a State. He was worthy
of this high preferment, and had already in the Senate given
evidence that he was a leader in the field of thought and
statesmanship as well as in the field of arms.
When the war broke out General MILLER was a member
of the State senate of Indiana, and when that body was assem-
bled in special session to devise such measures as were nec-
essary to collect and equip the war quota of the State he at
once, though a very young man, attracted the attention of
his colleagues and won the confidence of Governor Morton.
42 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
A defensive campaign was not compatible with his bold and
aggressive spirit. He was impatient with timidity and half-
heartedness. He defended the cause of the Union in debate
as he afterward defended Nashville, by going out of his in-
trenchments and whipping the enemy that was gathering to
besiege him. The debates at this session of the Indiana sen-
ate were sometimes characterized by great excitement and
acrimony, and the part taken by Senator MILLER quickly
gave him a reputation for ability and courage. He was,
while still in the senate, appointed aid to Governor Morton
with the rank of colonel, and gave most efficient help in
organizing the first troops that were sent into the field.
But his high spirit was not long content with a home serv-
ice. He organized the Twenty-ninth Regiment of Indiana
Infantry, and in August, 1861, was mustered in as its col-
onel. It is not my purpose to follow the military history of
General MILLER. A few incidents will suffice to show how
rapidly, almost intuitively, this young lawyer, untrained in
military schools, became a skillful and successful commander.
I do not doubt that if the severe wound received at Liberty
Gap, resulting in the loss of an eye, had not forced his retire-
ment for a time from severe military duty, he would have
risen to the command of an army. His personal courage
was of the highest order, yet no man was more free from
brag or bluster. He was reserved in speech, but spirited
and resolute in action. In the battle of Stone River he
received a severe and almost fatal wound in the neck, but
refused to leave the field. Tying a handkerchief about the
wound, he was seen the next instant riding in the thick of
the fight encouraging his men to hold the desperate situa-
tion confided to him. At Liberty Gap, while leading his
brigade, he received a bullet wound in the eye, which was
at first thought to be fatal. The sight of the eye was de-
Address of Mr. Harrison, of Indiana. 43
stroyed, and it was not until many years after the war that
the bullet was found to be lodged in the eye-socket and ex-
From a military sketch of General MILLER, in the second
volume of Indiana's Roll of Honor, I take two or three ex-
tracts relating to the part taken by him in the battle of Stone
Speaking of the desperate assault made upon his line dur-
ing the first day's fight, the author says:
During this entire engagement and under all these terribly appalling
circumstances Colonel MILLER displayed the most admirable coolness and
bravery, setting an example of heroic daring and cool courage that has
seldom been equaled, never surpassed, and could not but find a response
in the hearts of his gallant men. Though severely wounded he persisted
in remaining on the field, despite the remonstrances of the surgeon; and
had his resistance to the enemy been less obstinate, and had they suc-
ceeded in forcing a passage through his lines, the whole right whig of the
army, which had been driven back, would thus have been cut off from
all support and either captured or dispersed: but they were enabled by the
fierce, protracted, and gallant struggle of Colonel MILLER to gain the rear
of the army and there reform their shattered lines.
Of the gallant and timely countercharge afterward made
by Colonel MILLEK'S brigade, when assaulted by an over-
whelming force, the same author says:
It is now generally conceded by most military men that this bold and
dashing bayonet charge into the very heart of the enemy's lines, which
was conceived, ordered, and led by Colonel MILLER, and carried into ex-
ecution solely upon his own responsibility, was the great event of the
battle, and tended, perhaps more than any other, to dishearten the
enemy and to crown our standards with another glorious victory.
Too much cannot be said of the skill and ability, nor the distinguished
bravery of the colonel in this bloody battle, nor of the gallantry of his
These qualities were recognized and appreciated by the commander-in-
chief , General Rosecrans, who awarded the post of honor to the Seventh
Brigade in being the first to enter Murfreesborough, and telegraphed to
the President from th3 field of battle, recommending Colonel MILLER'S
promotion for " gallantry on the field."
44 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
But few officers have been so fortunate in securing the love, respect,
and confidence of their troops as General MILLER, and history, which
sooner or later awards justice to all men, will wreathe around his gallant
deeds in this great struggle for freedom and nationality an immortal halo
But the skill and dash, of General MILLER had perhaps its
best display in the defense of ISTashville, Tenn., where he had
an independent command. His sudden and successful dashes
upon the enemy at Gallatin, La Vergne, Neeley's Bend, and
other points, in all of -which he was successful, tended to
maintain the spirit and efficiency of the garrison and at the
same time to impress the enemy with a wholesome respect for
this isolated but plucky command. At times food and forage
became very scarce, so much so that the inhabitants were
suffering and the troops upon half -rations. The only source
of supply was the surrounding country, which was occupied
by the enemy. General MILLER was compelled many times
to go out with half his command as an escort to a foraging
train, but his movements were so skillfully concealed and
so quickly and boldly executed that they were always suc-
The last active service rendered by him was in the great
battle of Nashville in December, 1864. He was given by
General Thomas, who thoroughly trusted him, a prominent
command, and throughout that severe engagement bore
himself with the same gallantry that characterized his early
After the close of the war he went again to California, and
after exercising for some years high official trusts under the
Government with fidelity and credit, he was in 1880 elected
a Senator from that State.
Immediately upon his entrance into the Senate General
MILLER took a position of influence not often awarded to new
members of that body. Every one who was brought into
Address of Mr. Harrison, of Indiana. 45
contact with, him observed his quick and fine perception and
his clear and logical judgment. He had evidently studied
with great care and research many public questions, especially
those affecting the commerce of the Pacific coast in its rela-
tions to the nations of South America and the East. He was
bold enough to give hospitable entertainment to the most
progressive ideas, and believed that the time had come when
the kindly but powerful influence of the United States should
be exerted in bringing about closer commercial and polit-
ical relations with the Governments of Central and South
To him a diplomatic tradition of our younger and weaker
days was not a necessary rule of action for a nation of fifty
millions. That European influence should be dominant in
the near-lying American republics fretted him. That Euro-
pean merchants should fill with their wares the markets so
much needed for our own surplus, and by neighborhood so
clearly our own, stimulated him to seek for the cause and a
remedy. He was not sparing of himself, and the hours of
early morning often found him at his desk. He had always
risen in effort and achievement with every promotion in life,
and the demands which his onerous and dignified position as
chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Senate
made upon him were responded to with spirit and fidelity.
He was not a frequent or a fluent speaker, but always spoke
with the most careful and ample preparation and with re-
markable force and clearness.
In his private relations General MILLER was loved by all
who knew him. His heart was full of sympathy and all kind
impulses, and his hand was its willing and generous servant.
His affection for wife and child was not effusive, but it was
very tender, watchful , and enduring. His sense of honor was
high and imperative. As an adversary he was open and brave;
46 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
as a friend he was true and steadfast. His love of country
was a passion; its unity, its honor, and its prosperity were
dearer than life to him. He had twice shed his blood in its
defense. He did this because he loved his country; and we
can not doubt his love for the flag, the Constitution, and the
Union were deepened and intensified by the sacrifices he had
made in their defense. Another of the great soldiers of the
war has departed. Wrapped in the flag he loved, and cov-
ered with laurel wreath and flowers, his scarred body has
been laid to rest by loving hands. Indiana mourns her son,
the nation one of its most gallant defenders, and we a friend.
Address of Mr. DOLPH, of Oregon.
Mr. PRESIDENT: It is not my purpose to attempt anything
like a biographical sketch of our deceased brother. I shall
leave that to others who were more intimately associated with
him in social life and in the labors of this body and are better
qualified for the task; but I can not forbear on this occasion
to give expression to the deep sense of the loss I feel at the
death of him we mourn to-day, and to add to the eloquent
eulogies already pronounced my feeble tribute to his mem-
When the last session of Congress, during which our la-
mented brother had been one of the most active and useful
members of this body, closed, how bright his future seemed.
Fortune smiled upon him, and everything which could min-
ister to his comfort and pleasure and gratify a cultivated and
refined taste were his. Honored and trusted by the people
of his State, beloved and respected by his fellow Senators, in
the prime of life, his star in the ascendant, his career as a
Senator apparently just begun, how little we then thought
Address of Mr. Dolph, of Oregon. 47
that lie would never again occupy the seat in this Chamber
he had so honorably filled and would never more enter this
Senate Hall alive. But death is no respecter of persons. The
strong and the brave are stricken down side by side with the
feeble and the timid; rich and poor, noble and base, peasant
and king, are subject alike to his fatal shafts and meet upon
the level of the tomb. Indeed, often the poetic sentiment
appears to be justified that,
Like other tyrants, death delights to smite
What, smitten, most proclaims the pride of pow'r
And arbitrary nod. His joy supreme,
To bid the wretch survive the fortunate ;
The feeble wrap the athletic in his shroud ;
And weeping fathers build their children's tomb.
As was said by one of the greatest of American statesmen:
One may live as a conqueror and king or a magistrate, but he must
die as a man. The bed of death brings every human being to his pure
individuality, to the intense contemplation of that deepest and most
solemn of all relations, the relation between the creature and his Creator.
Here it is that fame and renown can not assist us, that even friends' affec-
tion and human love and devotedness can not succor us.
For, as was said by an eminent writer:
Nature intends that at fixed periods men should succeed each other
by the instrumentality of death. They are allowed to keep it at bay up
to a certain point, but when that is past it will be of no use to make new
discoveries hi anatomy or to penetrate more and more into the secrets of
the structure of the human body ; we shall never outwit nature ; we shall
die as usual.
My personal acquaintance with Senator MILLER com-
menced in 1879, in Oregon, upon the occasion of the visit of
General Grant and party to that State, of which General
MILLER and family were members, and although casual from
that time until I became associated with him in the Senate,
it was of the most pleasant character. During the Forty-
eighth Congress he always manifested a warm interest in my
personal welfare; and in the measures presented by me to
adyance the interests of the State I in part represented I had
his hearty co-operation and valuable assistance.
48 Life and Character of John F. MiUer.
When I reached this city in February, 1883, he was one of
the first to welcome me to and to extend to me the hospitalities
of his home. It was my good fortune to meet him during
the recess of Congress, early in July last, at Port Townsend,
Wash., where, while waiting for the sailing of the Alaska
steamer, he and his family were sojourning in the hope of
recruiting his already failing health. We were fellow-pas-
sengers upon that July trip to Alaska. During the long and
pleasant days spent together upon that more than delightful
voyage we had several conversations, embracing a wide
range of subjects, but more particularly relating to national
questions and matters appertaining to the Pacific coast. He
was enthusiastic concerning the future of the coast, well in-
formed as to its resources and wants, and thoroughly inter-
ested in every practical scheme for its development. I left
him, when our routes separated upon our return, invigorated
by the trip and hopeful for the future.
The improvement in his health proved to be only tempo-
rary. He believed his presence was required at the capital
of the nation, and, as the time for the opening of Congress
approached, he made the journey from his distant home with
the expectation of occupying his place in the Senate, an ex-
pectation never to be realized. The last enemy of the human
race, the insatiate archer, had already sent the fatal shaft,
with unerring aim, which was to pierce the citadel of his life.
Neither his indomitable will, the skill of physicians, nor
the kind offices of loving friends could do more than to post-
pone for a time the final catastrophe. He desired to live to
serve his State and to enjoy the society of his loved ones, and
manfully clung to hope from the first, and heroically endured
the pain and confinement of his illness. With great forti-
tude he strove against the progress of the disease, and with
thoughtful solicitude encouraged his wife and daughter to
Address of Mr. Dolph, of Oregon. 49
hope for his recovery. But as lie neared the end, evidently
conscious of that fact, he is reported to have said. "It is not
worth the fight," and with perfect resignation yielded to the
last of human foes; no doubt realizing, as he reviewed the
incidents of his life ere his spirit winged its flight, that " every
man has "lived long enough who has gone through all the
duties of life with unblemished character," and that "that
life is long which answers life's great end."
Death is sad to contemplate at best. Even under the most
favorable circumstances "we start and fear to die." But
death is relieved of half its terrors when the dying, as was
our departed brother, are surrounded by friends and receive
those kindly offices which only affection can suggest and pass
from their presence across the boundary that separates the
living from the unknown beyond.
Senator MILLER achieved great distinction as a soldier.
When the angry clouds, which had been gathering in our po-
litical sky for three-quarters of a century, burst in the storm
of civil war and the fate of the Union hung upon the fearful
arbitrament of battle, and when, animated with one purpose
the preservation of the Union from farm and shop and fac-
tory and office and store the patriotic sons of the North hur-
ried to its defense, Senator MILLER, then a lawyer and State
senator in Indiana was commissioned colonel of the Twenty-
ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, by Governor Morton, of
that State, and took the field.
His personal bravery, firmness, and skill soon won for him
the confidence of his superior officers and the affection of his
men. He participated in the battles of Stone River, Liberty
Gap, and Nashville, and greatly distinguished himself on
those fields. He was wounded in the neck at the battle of
Stone River and severely wounded at Liberty Gap. Retir-
ing from the Army and removing to California, by enter-
9318 MIL 3
50 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
prise and energy he acquired a competence and became one
of the foremost men of the coast, and his election to the Sen-
ate of the United States was a just recognition of his ability
and merit. It is supposed that his life was shortened by the
wound he received in the war. He was a man who preferred
to wear out rather than to rust out, and it is possible that
his days were cut short by overwork. There is so much
indolence and so many aimless and purposeless lives in the
world that I can hardly consider an excess of energy a fault.
Our lives are measured by deeds, not years; and how more
than true is it that "fame is not won on downy plumes nor
under canopies; the man who consumes his days without
obtaining it leaves such mark of himself on earth as smoke
in air or foam on water. "
Rather than one who is content to drift with the current
down the stream of life
Give me a spirit that on life's rough sea
Loves to have his sails filled with a lusty wind
Even till his sailyards tremble, his masts creak,
And his rapt ship runs on her side so low
That she drinks water and her keel plows air.
The leading characteristics of Senator MILLER were great
energy, a strong will, and a high sense of honor, but with
all an extreme modesty, which upon a casual acquaintance
created an impression of stiffness of manner, but which dis-
appeared upon better acquaintance. He was well informed
and possessed decided opinions upon public questions, and
expressed himself with fluency, freedom, and force. I have
been told that when he canvassed the State previous to his
election as United States Senator, although he made numer-
ous public addresses no two of them were alike.
He did not often occupy the time of this body, and when
he did address the Senate there was little attempt at rhetoric.
His speeches were the earnest expressions of well-matured
Address of Mr. Dolph, of Oregon. 51
opinions and strong convictions, and, without circumlocu-
tion, were directed to the points involved; and if they did
not always carry conviction they never failed to convince
all who listened to them of the earnestness and sincerity of
the speaker. He was honest, just, faithful, direct, unosten-
tatious, modest, considerate, kind, and courteous; true to
country, his constituents, and himself. Such characters
always have and always will command respect and homage.
His was an example worthy of imitation by the youth of the
land. His life illustrated the possibilities which, under our
form of government, lie within the reach of the humblest.
The history of his life and of his gradual rise to fame, fort-
une, and position would be but a repetition of the history of
the lives of many of the illustrious men of this country.
Such experiences as his are more valuable to make men
suited for great emergencies, qualified to control great en-
terprises, and to fill responsible public positions than all the
aids of birth, fortune, schools, and influential friends.
These oft-recurring occasions in this body naturally awaken
serious reflections. We are reminded that death is the inex-
orable law of our being, and that as it is with our brother,
whose loss we to-day deplore, so will it shortly be with us.
The bow is already drawn and the arrow let loose which is
to pierce the citadel of our mortal lives. Would we escape
from the fatal archer, we cannot. "Death is everywhere,
and procured by every instrument. " In such an hour, when
our thoughts are withdrawn from the labor and conflict
which so absorb us, and directed to the end of all human
labor, successes, and conflicts, and we are brought face to
face with the "unsparing grisly king of terrors, sole univer-
sal monarch whose powers no prowess can resist, whose per-
emptory call no artifice can evade," how insignificant seem
the greatest human achievements, how unsatisfactory the
52 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
rewards of business and political endeavor; how the prayer
of the Psalmist comes unbidden to mind and is breathed in
silent accents from the lips: "Lord, teach us to so number
our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom."
Brave soldier, honored statesman, true friend, farewell !
Peace to thy ashes ! Over their last resting-place in the beau-
tiful "city of the dead," at the great metropolis of the Pa-
cific, fanned by the breath of the tropics, may flowers bloom
earliest in spring and linger latest in autumn, and by the
people of a grateful country may thy memory, as a sweet
fragrance, long be cherished. Neither the din of the great
city nor the roar of the ocean waves that break on the shores
of the Golden Gate can disturb thy repose. Though the
body is mortal, we know the soul is immortal, and that, safe
in the abode of the blessed, beyond the reach of praise and
censure, of the mutations of time and the ills of life, thou
shalt enjoy a state of eternal felicity. From that bright
abode, if it is permitted to the spirits of the departed to be-
hold the affairs of earth, look down upon our sorrow, exalt
our minds from fond regret and unavailing grief to the con-
templation of thy virtues. Those we must not lament; it
were impiety to sully them with a tear. To cherish their
memory, to embalm them with our praises, and, if our frail
condition will permit, to emulate thy bright example will be
the truest mark of our respect, the best tribute we can offer.
Address of Mr. HEARST, of California.
Mr. PRESIDENT: The Senators who have preceded me have
spoken of Senator MILLER as a soldier and a statesman. It
now becomes my privilege to speak of him as a citizen, in
which capacity also he served his country.
He and his associates were the recipients of one of the
Address of Mr. Hearst, of California. 53
most important franchises in the gift of the Government.
Out of this grew an enterprise which has been carried on to
the best interests of all parties therein concerned, in proof of
which the books have ever been open for the investigation
of any authorized agent; in fact, to my knowledge such in-
vestigation has always been invited.
The management not only protected the Government, but
a system was created which enabled the helpless and igno-
rant Indians engaged in the work to save such a proportion
of their earnings that there is to-day to their credit in the
banks of San Francisco $100,000, which amount might have
gone into the coffers of the company for the simple consid-
eration of five barrels of bad whisky.
This instance alone is sufficient to show the purity and
integrity of the man's life. Such an example should be writ-
ten on the mile-posts of the highway, chiseled in the cliffs
along the trails of the Rocky Mountains, graven on the gran-
ite of the Sierras, hewn on the tall pines of the Pacific slope,
and commemorated in the flowers in the valleys of the dead
Senator's adopted State.
Now, Mr. President, as an additional mark of respect to
the memory of the deceased, I move that the Senate adjourn.
The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 3 o'clock
and 37 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned to Friday, May
28, at 12 o'clock m,
PROCEEDINGS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
In the House of Representatives, the 28th of June having
been set aside for this purpose, the following proceedings
were had there :
Mr. MORROW. Mr. Speaker, in accordance with the no-
tice given heretofore, I now call up for consideration the res-
olutions of the Senate in relation to the death of Hon. JOHN
F. MILLER, late a Senator from California, and ask that they
The Senate resolutions were read, as follows :
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, May 27, 1886.
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of JOHN F. MILLER, late a Senator from 'the State of California.
Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased the
business of the Senate be now suspended to enable his associates to pay
proper tribute of regard to his high character and distinguished public
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate communicate these resolu-
tions to the House of Representatives.
Resolved, That as an additional mark of respect to the memory of the
deceased the Senate do now adjourn.
Mr. MORROW. In connection with the resolutions which
nave just been read I desire to offer the following resolutions
and ask their present consideration.
The Clerk read as follows :
Resolved, That the House of Representatives has received with great
sorrow the official announcement of the death of JOHN F. MILLER, late a
Senator from the State of California.
Resolved, That the business of the House be now suspended, that oppor-
tunity may be afforded to members to give expression of the sentiments
56 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
they entertain for the life, character, and public services of the late Sen-
ator MILLER, and the loss sustained by the country in the death of so able
and faithful a public servant.
Resolved, That at the conclusion of these tributes to his memory the
House stands adjourned.
Address of Mr. GROSVENOR, of Ohio.
Mr. SPEAKER: I rise to advocate the adoption of the reso-
lutions which have just been read. At the same time I de-
sire to offer brief testimony of my own personal regard for
the memory of JOHN F. MILLER, as well as to call the at-
tention of the House to some of the salient characteristics of
that distinguished citizen as they fell under my own personal
observation during my acquaintance with him.
JOHN F. MILLER was born in the State of Indiana. He
came to manhood at a time when the great questions which
culminated ultimately in the civil war were agitating the
people of that State. In common with a large body of the
younger men of Indiana, he espoused heartily everywhere
the cause of the Union and the proposition to uphold the su-
premacy of the Constitution; and when the war broke out
the call of the Government for troops came to him as a bap-
tism, and he entered the Union Army imbued with the true
sentiments of the period in which he lived. He went into
the war as a Union man.
Whatever may be said now, looking backward over that
period of time, JOHN F. MILLER lived in the present of that
time and not in the prospective future; for it is within my
own personal knowledge that he accepted in the fullest de-
gree the idea of the martyred President, that the war was
to be waged as a war for the preservation of the Union, and
he adopted, without reservation in the present or prospec-
tive enlargement in the future, the utterance of Lincoln, ' ' I
Address of Mr. G-rosvenor, of Ohio. 57
would save the Union with, slavery if I can, but if I can not
save the Union without destroying slavery, I will save the
It was under the inspiration of that sentiment, the real
Union sentiment of 1861, that JOHN F. MILLER joined the
armies of the Union. I first became a subordinate to him
at a time when neither of us had received or witnessed the
baptism of blood; and the first day that i ever reported to
him for duty was at a time when he had received an order,
during the memorable eight weeks of what we have termed
the blockade of Nashville in the fall of 1862, to proceed with
his command, by night march, to attack an outpost of the
enemy at Lavergne. I speak of Jjavergne because I have
treasured it always in my memory. It was at Lavergne, or
on our way to it, that I heard the first whistle of a bullet
fired by an enemy of the flag of my country, and I know
that the same deep impression was made upon him as upon
me, for when I visited California I learned that the beautiful
home which he had reared for himself in the magnificently
beautiful valley of Napa was called Lavergne, indicating
that the impressions were upon him as they had been upon
me, and were most lasting in their duration.
I remember very well the circumstances of that march. I
remember very well the early daylight attack upon the
enemy. With a vastly superior force we surprised the
small force there, and captured the most of them and stam-
peded the rest. It was an insignificant battle as compared
with the great battles which followed; it was insignificant in
the numbers engaged; it was insignificant in the blood which
was shed, and insignificant in its results; but yet it gave
to the Army of the Cumberland, or that portion of it which
was engaged, an opportunity to mark the first step in the
direction of actual war on the part of the men who were
58 Life anil Clifirarfcr of John F. Miller.
afterward to become famous during that struggle. I re-
member the plaudits of the Army of the Cumberland that
were showered upon JOHN F. MILLER after his distinguished
career at Stone River. It was an early exhibition on the
part of a mere colonel of infantry, of a spirit which im-
bued the Army of the Cumberland later when, without the
orders of the commander, and even against the suggestion of
General Grant himself, they passed the rifle-pits at the foot
of Missionary Ridge, charged to its top, and won a victory
a victory won by the private soldiers of the Army in obedi-
ence to orders which no general officer of the Army has been
able to find a record of and no officer claims to have given.
The orders were the sound of the enemy's guns the orders
which carried gallant old JIM STEEDMAN to the glory he won
At Stone River JOHN F. MILLER made a demonstration
of the same character, and crowned his career in that battle
with a result grandly significant and valuable to the Union
Army. He was wounded. It was supposed that he was per-
manently disabled. But six months afterward, when the
great army under Rosecrans refitted and reorganized, and
in magnificent battle array, on the 24th day of June, 1863,
poured out from their camps at Murfreesborough and moved
by divers lines of communication in the direction of the Ten-
nessee River, JOHN F. MILLER rode out at the head of his
brigade, the incarnation of war in the person of a volunteer
officer, and with a bright view ahead of him. His career up
to that time had given a promise that nobody doubted the
fulfillment of. But in an insignificant engagement incident
to the long march to Tullahoma and Manchester he fell
again, terribly wounded, in the affair at Liberty Gap. I re-
member well when he was being carried back to the rear
with a wound that ultimately terminated his life. I re-
member the look that was on his face, and I remember a
Address of Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio. 59
single utterance. Hopeful words were being spoken to him
as to his recovery, and consolation was being administered
to him by his comrades around him, and he said just this :
" I estimate no importance so far as my own personal future
is concerned, as compared with the disappointment that I
shall not participate to the end in this great campaign. "
A career that would have been second to that of no volun-
teer officer in the Union Army, in my judgment, was by
that bullet, that fatal bullet, turned aside, and General MIL-
LER was assigned to a duty which took him out of the active
command of active troops in the front. Very few men
would have remained in the service under such circum-
stances. Patriotism inspired him to hold on. A high sense
of duty, a high sense, as he termed it, of gratitude to his
State and to his country that had conferred the honors upon
him, induced him to stay and do what he might do to still
further promote the interests of the Union Army.
He was assigned to the very important and delicate posi-
tion of Nashville. Nashville at that time contained more
property belonging to the Government than any other place
south of the Ohio River. The population was a mixed one.
It was made up of citizens of strong rebel tendencies and
citizens with strong Union tendencies, and there were bitter
antagonisms. Out from Nashville radiated the power of the
Union, and out of Nashville also radiated the influence of
our enemy. The friends of many a fighting Confederate re-
mained there, and property rights and confusion of all kinds
pressed upon the commander of the post.
Conflicting interests arose everywhere, and General MIL-
LER became a sort of civil or quasi-civil commander. No
man ever did his duty better; no man ever more justly
won the high esteem and confidence of the people of a city
or of his commanders in the army or of his whole people
than did JOHN F. MILLER. He was- unflinching in the dis-
60 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
charge of duty and yet always considerate of the rights of
men; and to-day his memory is green among the men who
loved the Union in Nashville, and he is held in high regard
among the people who at that time were the enemies of the
He was there with the Army of the Cumberland under
Thomas when it won its grandest victory. He contributed
by the organization of the forces in the city and the sur-
rounding positions greatly to the efficiency of the army
which on the loth and 16th of December, 1864, encountered
the army under Hood in the last great struggle for suprem-
acy in Tennessee. And from the top of Overton Hill,
JOHN F. MILLER, disfigured and almost destroyed by the
bullets of the enemy, looked out upon the broken masses of
Hood's army as they retreated shattered and disorganized
toward Brentwood, and understood, as we all understood,
that his career in the Army had ended. Well had he done
his work, and well had gained rank, fame, and the gratitude
of his country.
I did not rise to speak at any length of JOHN F. MILLER as
a citizen. Others will do that who knew him better. Others
will speak of his career since the war. I came here simply
to testify to his character and attainments as a soldier and
to give them my meed of praise. He was strictly a volun-
teer soldier. He had no training in arms; and yet within a
year and a half after he joined his regiment his military
attitude, his military bearing, his military character was
formed, and he showed to the world that he had in him the
stuff, the elements that make a great military commander.
Since that time his career has been that of a civilian. He
achieved success everywhere, rapid success, which crowned
his efforts on behalf of the Union, crowned his efforts on be-
half of his country. Afterward he carried from his native
State and handed over to the Golden State of California an
Address of Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio. 61
allegiance that never faltered, and he became identified with
and an advocate of her interests with the same zeal, the same
courage, the same high purpose that he had brought to the
discharge of every duty that he had ever attempted the per-
I testify from my own knowledge of him that he was a
patriotic citizen, that he was a successful soldier, that he
made the highest sacrifice that any man could make for his
country, that in civil life he was clear-headed and patriotic,
always standing by the right, never flinching, never compro-
mising, never yielding his convictions of duty and justice.
In social life among his friends and in his family he was a
gentle, kind, good man. Out upon the shore of the Pacific,
in the soil of the State that he loved, and to which, as I have
said, he carried his ripest allegiance, he lies to-day, his career
ended. Over his grave the tears of affection will be shed.
Upon his grave will be heaped the laurels of affection for
many a year to come. May the time never come when his
example shall not be to the people of this country a bright,
a burning, a shining light.
Address of Mr. HOLMAN, of Indiana.
Mr. CHAIRMAN: JOHN F. MILLER, late a Senator of the
United States, was a native of Indiana, and it seems proper
that the voice of that State should be heard in this public
expression of sorrow for his death. Mr. MILLER was of Vir-
ginia descent. His ancestors were Virginians. His father
emigrated from that venerable Commonwealth to the then
new State of Indiana, where JOHN F. MILLER was born and
educated, enjoying, as I have been informed, such educa-
tional advantages as are common to the young men in a
62 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
comparatively new settlement. His father and mother were
eager to furnish him every opportunity that their circum-
stances would permit. He studied law under favorable con-
ditions, entering upon the practice of that profession at an
early age. In 1860, for the first time, so far as I am in-
formed, he became prominent in tne politics of the State,
but before that time had visited California and practiced his
profession in that State. No political contest in the history
of Indiana was ever of more interest than that of 1860.
An unusually large number of young men came to the
front who identified themselves with the fortunes of the Re-
publican party, then in its early vigor. The great question
soon to involve the nation in war was arresting the attention
of all men, and gave unusual animation, anxiety, and ear-
nestness to that contest throughout the whole Union, but in
no State more than in Indiana. Mr. MILLER was elected to
the senate, I think, from the county of Saint Joseph, at that
time one of the strong young counties of Indiana. I was
then a member of this House, and residing remote from his
section of the State my knowledge of Mr. MILLER was slight;
I only knew him as one of the promising young men who
had just entered public life. He occupied in the Senate a
position with a number of young men of unusual ability,
some to become known in arms and civil affairs.
He was not specially active or prominent in the current
business of that body, for, from the time the senate to which
he was elected assembled, the hurrying, remorseless events
which were soon to involve the land in the misfortunes of
civil war were arresting the attention and filling the minds
of all men. When the tocsin of war was sounded he resigned
his position in the senate and hastened into the Army of the
Union without a moment's hesitation. Enough was known
of Mr. MILLER 'at that time to' warrant the belief that, if life
Address of J/r. Holman, of Indiana. 63
were spared him, lie was entering upon a brilliant career.
The gentleman from Ohio [Mr. GBOSVENOR] has rehearsed
in eloquent terms his honorable and heroic record in the
Army. I will not dwell upon that record. The gentleman
from Ohio, his comrade in arms, has well and ably pre-
sented the leading events of that honorable record, but I can
testify that the hopes of his friends were fully realized in his
honorable career in the Army.
Entering the Army as colonel of the Twenty-ninth Regi-
ment of Indiana Volunteers, with the manly and gallant
deportment and those qualities and sentiments of honor,
courage, and prudence which secure respect, confidence, rep-
utation and distinction alike in civil and military life, Mr.
MILLER rapidly rose to the rank of brigadier-general and
a higher grade by brevet for heroic deportment in battle.
He attained that high position not by any favoritism, but by
the force of character and qualification and capacity for mil-
itary affairs. After the war was over Mr. MILLER, having
previously resided for a short time in California, returned
to that State. I think the last time I saw him in the city of
Indianapolis was shortly before he left Indiana for Califor-
nia. I then saw that the man of 1860 had grown in every
respect. Possessed of very fine social qualities and marked
energy of character, he was then displaying that broad ca-
pacity, especially for business affairs, which afterward, even
more than his career in politics, seems to have distinguished
About the year 1870 Mr. MILLER came to this capital in
connection with legislative matters affecting the State of his
adoption enterprises on the Pacific the State which then
seemed even more dear to him than the great State from
which he had emigrated. While in Washington I saw him
frequently. He called on me as an Indianian. He fre-
64 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
quently appeared before one of the committees of the House
of which I had the honor to be a member, and I was still
further impressed with the scope and breadth of the views
which he entertained and expressed touching the great inter-
ests of the Pacific coast. He saw clearly the magnitude of
the resources to be developed there in the then early future;
he comprehended the situation thoroughly, and seemed pre-
pared and qualified to enter into all the great enterprises of
the Pacific coast with the energy, hopefulness, and confi-
dence which had marked his character in earlier life; so that,
from the observations I made of Mr. MILLER at that time,
I was not at all surprised when, soon afterward, he became
prominently identified with the political as well as business
affairs of the State of California.
His election to the Senate of the United States seems to
have been the result of the confidence inspired by his intelli-
gence, force of character, capacity, and patriotism. His
career in the Senate is known to the country. He died in
comparatively early life, at the period, perhaps, when most
public men have but fairly entered upon the real usefulness
of a public career. The death of an eminent and useful citi-
zen connected with public affairs at such a period in life, be-
fore the weight of age has rested heavily upon him, is always
a melancholy event, to be deplored not alone in the home
circle or the State of his residence but by his whole country.
It would have been strange if the career of Mr. MILLER
had not been a marked one. His abilities were of a very
superior order. From my earlier acquaintance with him I
should not have thought that he would be as eminent in
statesmanship as in the field of business and affairs. He
seemed to me to possess the capacity of comprehending in
their widest extent, as well as in their minutest details, the
great affairs of business, the enterprises that make and open
Address of Mr. Holman, of Indiana. 65
opportunities, that create great industries, that develop a
great and prosperous community.
His capacity and powers as seen by me were of that char-
acter, rather than such as give men prominence in politics
or statesmanship. He did not teem to me to be a man who
would engage earnestly in political contests and rise to emi-
nence by devotion to the principles and fortunes of a politi-
cal party, but one who would achieve reputation and distinc-
tion in business enterprises and commercial affairs. He
entered the Army, as I inferred from what I knew of his
views, not so much by any special antagonism to the insti-
tution of slavery, the cause of that fearful contest, as by
devoted attachment to the Union, a sentiment that filled the
hearts of the young men of Indiana.
The men who migrated to Indiana from Virginia and
others of the older States were in many instances strongly
anti-slavery in their sentiments, but the great mass cf the
young men of that section of the country who rushed for-
ward to support the tottering fabric of the Union were influ-
enced more by a living sentiment of devotion to the Union
of the States than by any settled convictions as to whether
slavery should be abolished or not The preservation of the
Union of the States inspired them. The motive seemed
then sufficient to inspire the grandest heroism, but how
much grander now than even then !
In later years, however, as I inferred from a brief conver-
sation with him on the Pacific coast last summer, his views
had become much more confirmed and positive upon politi-
cal subjects, and he seemed to cordially and heartily indorse
the principles of the great party with which he had been
associated from early life. And yet he seemed to me more a
man of business and affairs than a politician or statesman.
I can only add, Mr. Speaker, that the death of a man of
9318 MIL 5
66 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
his broad views, his capacity for affairs, his devotion to
country, is a great misfortune to the whole Union, and that
in no one of the great sisterhood of States will the expres-
sion that will be made by this House, and has been in the
Senate (so appropriate to the loss of so great a citizen), of
appreciation of the qualities which made JOHN F. MILLER
eminent, honored, and distinguished alike in war and in
peace, find a larger body of earnest sympathizers than in
the State which I have the honor in part here to represent.
Address of Mr. CUTCHEON, of Michigan.
Mr. SPEAKER : A leader has fallen. A man is gone! We
pause to-day for a little while in the midst of our public
duties to contemplate a life and a lesson which, if given due
consideration, may tend quite as much to the welfare and
honor of the Republic as if the hour were given to the ordi-
nary tasks of legislation.
We stand to-day in the presence of that most impressive
phenomenon, a finished life a completed life-work ; in the
presence of that greatest mystery of all our being, the disso-
lution of that subtle tie which binds the soul to the mortal
frame, and which being unbound the form which has been
a thing of power and beauty lapses to corruption, and the
masterful spirit, unchained from its fetters of flesh, flies
whither all sense fails to discern and faith alone can follow.
That noblest work of God, an honest man, as an actual
presence, has ceased from among men.
Except as a memory and an influence his life is ended, his
work is complete to our limited perceptions. The eye that
flashed with intelligence is dark ; the voice that quivered
with emotion or inspired like the summons of a trumpet in
the crash of battle is silent ; the hand of might is nerveless;
Address of Mr. Outcheon, of Michigan. 67
the presence which was familiar in court and camp and
council is seen no more among men. A power that moved
men, that wielded communities, that shaped destinies, has
ceased to manifest itself. In brief, a man is gone ! And
yet it is because he is not wholly gone that we pause to cel-
ebrate this memorial to-day.
The fountains which he touched still flow ; the trains of
events which he set in motion still operate ; lives which he
molded and directed still multiply and extend his influence;
blows that he struck still resound throughout the land;
winged words that he uttered still fly from lip to lip, over-
leaping the narrow boundaries of mortal life.
The present century has been full of great thoughts and
great words, and among the greatest has been the thought
and the word " evolution." And there is no grander field
for study than the evolution of a life of life from life.
I do not mean this in the narrow sense of the evolution of
natural or animal life, the mere relighting of a torch from
the embers of a dying fire. I mean rather the study of the
development of character from the action and interaction
of all the forces and agencies that impinge upon and pene-
It is because the deceased Senator had become a factor in.
this process of evolution of national life that the business of
the House is suspended, that we may dwell upon the event
and study the character of him whom we commemorate.
Here we contemplate him stripped of all adventitious sur-
roundings. He was a Senator. He is a Senator no more.
He was a military leader. He is a general no longer. He
commanded great enterprises. He commands them not now.
Whatever he may have been by virtue of rank or office or
station, he is now simply a man, a character. As such let
us speak of him.
68 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
The late Senator MILLER was not personally known to me
except as a public man. I knew him only as we all know
men who touch the multitudes, the masses of men ; as we
know the men who by strong powers are lifted up into
sight of the many.
Let us measure this man, if we can, and ascertain what it
was in his life that made him what he was ; that gave him power
to command and gained him the confidence and love of a great
Commonwealth, whose commission he bore.
First let us glance at the outside of his life.
He was born in 1831, in Southern Indiana, of parents who
had removed, first from Virginia, then from Kentucky, and
who were of Scotch and Swiss descent two strong and lib-
He was nurtured in the school of independence and self-
support. He was well cultured in youth and trained to a
knowledge of the law.
When he had scarcely more than attained his majority he
cut .oose from home and old friends and struck out into the
romantic, the almost mythical, the golden West the modern
In the broad, free, and somewhat unpolished spirit of that
rough, new laud he grew into the firm mold of a strong,
self-reliant, and adventurous manhood.
Recalled by the demands of filial duty, to which he was
ever responsive, he returned to his former home and to the
practice of his exacting profession.
It was at a time when ancient parties were breaking up
and going to pieces in the fierce throes of a mighty moral
In the heat of this smithy of the gods, where thunderbolts
were forging, the character, well modeled by heredity,
shaped by education, strengthened and broadened by travel
Address of Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan. 69
and experience of rude frontier life, was tempered and hard-
ened into enduring texture.
The cry of the oppressed, of the millions deprived of the
common rights and privileges of humanity, came up to him
with an irresistible appeal that smote upon his conscience
and his volition as the voice of God.
Then the divine ichor that had been distilled into ancestral
blood within sight of the majestic vision of Mont Blanc, or
the awful heights of the Jungfrau, or that had hardened the
sinews of some progenitor at Bannockburn, stirred within
his veins, and ths august summons of Liberty to do battle
in her cause found in young MILLER a ready and obedient
So we find him in 1860, at the age of twenty-nine, a member
of the senate of his native State, as a representative of that
young and burning and puissant party which demanded that
no more virgin Territories should be laid in the arms of the
unholy Moloch of slavery. We shall never forget that
year. It was the Lincoln year. It was a year when men
seemed to break away from all the traditions of their lives
and surrender themselves to the control of one overpowering
sentiment, that now or never was the time to stay the further
spread of human slavery in this land.
Men may reason as they please as to the origin and the
causes of this wonderful wave of enthusiasm which swept
over the country, and which bore us with a resistless im-
pulse, first to a political revolution, and then into the dread-
ful throes of war, from which we emerged bloody and chast-
ened, but freed from the "body of death" of slavery; but
as for me, I can only believe that the time had come in the
eternal counsels of God when the consummation of His
divine purpose for the good of the race required that slavery
should perish from this land, and He raised such instru-
mentalities as He could to execute His purpose.
70 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
As was so eloquently said not long sinco in this House by
the gentleman from West Virginia [Mr. WILSON], "As I
look back to that dread panorama after the r lapse of twenty
years I see, or I seem to see, the stately stoppings of that
Providence which was using the wrath of man to work out
His own comprehensive and beneficent purpose."
Into the resistless sweep and swirl of impulses and events
of that great crisis young MILLER was drawn unresisting.
He recognized at once the part and the place to which he
was called, and accepted it. While serving in the senate of
his State the war came. He had not reached his thirtieth
year. He recognized the fact that in a popular government
the will of the majority must be supreme. He recognized
the further fact that the responsibility of the ballot in peace
implies the responsibility of the bayonet in time of war.
The very institution of popular government implies that
minorities will be submissive to the will of the majority
and seek the rectification of supposed grievances only at
the ballot-box. But suppose that minorities do not submit,
but resort to armed combinations too formidable to be re-
pressed by the civil power, what then ? There remains but
one alternative the conflict of arms or the death of popular
In common with the manhood of the North, Mr. MILLER
felt that this Union and these institutions were a sacred and
solemn trust for unpeopled States and for unborn centu-
ries a trust which it would be base to betray and cowardly
I shall never forget how, in the spring of 1862, 1 one morn-
ing heard an Italian organ-grinder upon the streets of a
Michigan city plying his vocation. Even his organ had
' been set to the popular impulse and was wailing forth the
Address of Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan. 71
strains of The Star-Spangled Banner, and as again and again
the familiar refrain
Oh, say does the Star-Spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave ?
floated out with plaintive and apprehensive cadence upon
the morning air I fancied that in it I heard the voice of all
the oppressed peoples of all climes and all ages beseeching us
that the great Republic, the great experiment of "govern-
ment of the people, by the people, and for the people," might
not perish from the earth. We can not doubt that our
friend heard that same voice and answered that same im-
Thus in the evolution of this life the strong, well-nurtured,
well-cultured, self-reliant, and tempered young citizen and
statesmen became a soldier.
Military command was foreign to his life and habit, yet
he had all the elements of a commander. I venture to say
that when he threw himself into the ranks of war the ques-
tion of command or rank scarcely occurred to him. He
simply took the place to which he seemed to be called, the
place to which he was fitted.
So from the Senate he stepped to the head of a regiment,
the Twenty-ninth Indiana, and soon found himself com-
mander of a brigade. It was not that he was ambi-
tious not that he was self-seeking. It was the outwork-
ing of his formed character, of his natural powers.
I stood, a few days ago, in the midst of that silent city of
the dead, on the prest where the waves of war broke in fire
and blood along the hills of the Antietam, and gazed in admi-
ration upon the colossal statue in granite of the private sol-
dier of the Union. There, chiseled upon the enduring rock,
is the sentiment which mustered armies, which won bat-
tles, which restored the Union, "Not for ourselves, but for
our country." Oh, glorious sentiment of patriotism, which
72 Life and Character of John' F. Miller.
forgets self, which puts aside pleasure and profit and peace
to battle and suffer and die for the coming millions !
Senator MILLER became General MILLER. It is not my
purpose to follow him in his military career, for I am study-
ing character rather than annals. A single instance will
suffice. At the battle of Stone River, December, 1862, there
came a time when it seemed to him that the result hung
trembling in the balance. Van Cleve's division, impetuously
assailed, had yielded and fallen back, until the weight of
the attack came upon MILLER'S line. The enemy showed a
disposition to break through and divide our army in twain.
MILLER had the river in his front. Most men would have
awaited the attack with such defensive preparations as they
could make. But that was not Colonel MILLER'S way. Au-
dacity and daring were the characteristics of the man.
Without orders from any superior officer he dashed across
the stream, attacked and drove the enemy's infantry, rushed
upon and captured his guns and colors, restored the center,
and saved the right wing of the army from disaster.
He assumed a very grave responsibility. Had the move-
ment failed he might have been court-martialed. But it
succeeded, and a grateful commander, recognizing how much
he owed to this gallant and self-reliant officer, telegraphed
the President from the field of battle recommending his pro-
motion "for gallantry on the field."
In this action, though severely and dangerously wounded,
Colonel MILLER refused to leave the field, seeing that as he
had taken the responsibility and made the venture he should
stay by his brigade until the victory was assured. This
courage, or, as the speech of the plain people has named it,
"pluck," was characteristic of his whole career as a soldier.
A wound, which well nigh proved fatal, received while
leading his brigade at Liberty Gap, deprived him of the
Address of Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan. 73
sight of an eye, and for a time retired him from his com-
mand. With many this would have excused them from
further service in the field; but not so with MILLER. With
the leaden bullet still lodged in the eye-socket he returned
to the field and to command, to share with the gallant and
sturdy Thomas in the complete overthrow of Hood at Nash-
ville, which was the definite beginning of the end the col-
lapse of the armed resistance of the Confederacy.
At the close of the war he was offered a high commission*
in the regular Army. But he was not a soldier by profes-
sion or by choice. War with him was only the road to peace.
To him the performance of military duty was only discharg-
ing one of the great obligations of citizenship. He declined
the appointment. Through the years of excitement pre-
ceding the war, and throughout the grim and trying experi-
ences of the war itself, he had never forgotten the dream of
his youth of a home on the sunset side of the continent.
Civilization marches with the sun. Its cradle was in the
Orient, and with a stately tidal sweep it has rolled around
the planet until it has touched and filled the Occident.
By some occult impulse in all ages men have been im-
pelled to "go west." General MILLER was under this spell.
Whether it was the charm of the climate, or music and
balm of " the Pacific Sea," or the love of being a factor in a
new and rising empire that attracted him, I know not.
Perhaps all these. Something impelled him in the path of
empire, and beyond the Sierras was to be his home, to build,
to work, to die. There the President of the United States
made him the chief fiscal agent of the Government upon
the Pacific coast. Here he proved himself as efficient and
faithful in peace as he had been brave and patriotic in war.
He held the position of collector of customs for San Fran-
cisco for four years and declined reappointment.
74 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
In this, as in every other trust confided to him, another
trait of his character was prominently illustrated his strict
integrity. But he did not confine himself to the simple dis-
charge of his official duty. The "breadth, energy, and pro-
gressiveness of his mind impelled him to take an active part
in all the great social, political, and industrial movements
of his State and section.
Three times he was elected by his party to represent it
upon the electoral ticket, and in 1879 he became a member
of the constitutional convention to relay the foundations of
But he was pre-eminently a man of affairs. With the
commercial and industrial development of the Pacific coast
he was closely identified. He was among the first to appre-
hend the resources of our Alaskan possessions and seek their
intelligent development. Everywhere he exhibited the
traits which made him which he had grown to be courage,
firmness, persistence, self-reliance, patriotism, and integrity.
In 1880 he was summoned by his adopted State to take his
place in the nation's highest council. With that capacity for
growth and adaptation which was characteristic of him in
every position to which he was called he stepted quietly and
easily into the new sphere and turned all the acquirements
of his previous life as student, lawyer, Senator, soldier,
and man of affairs to account in the discharge of his new
studies. What he lacked he set himself with industry and
persistence to acquire, and discharged the delicate duties of
chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations with credit
to himself and honor to his country.
But the zenith had been reached.
The shock which his constitution had received from the
wounds and exposures of war had left their ineffaceable
mark, their inevitable weakness.
Address of Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan. 75
He had risen with strong and steady step through the gra-
dations of honor and usefulness only at the summit to feel
the world sink under him.
He had achieved all that heart could wish of earthly
good. Wealth, honor, fame, friendship, and the love of
In the midst of all, the final summons came.
Leaves have their time to fall,
And flowers to wither at the north wind's breath,
And stars to set; but all,
Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O Death!
"It is given unto all men once to die." Whatever else
we may be doing, whithersoever else our feet may be tend-
ing, one thing is absolutely sure, that every day and every
hour we come nearer to
The undiscovered country from whose bourn
No traveler returns.
It is but a question of a few years, a few days, a few hours.
And when they are past years dwindle to the span of hours.
The main question is not when or where, but how. No
time, no place, no circumstance is inapt for dying when man
dies for humanity; and when, in March last, JOHN F. MIL-
LER, in this city of Washington, gave up his life, he but
completed the offering which he made to his country in 1861.
This, then, is the character which we have disclosed, and
which has entered into and become a part of the nation's
A boy born with the sturdy independence and love of lib-
erty of his Swiss and Scotch ancestry mingled with staunch
and staying qualities of the Anglo-Saxon race.
A youth well nurtured and molded for manly effort and
achievement by the blessed necessity which has been upon
our American boys of making their own way in the world.
A young manhood adventurous and courageous, firm-knit
76 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
and fibrous, reaching out into new fields for work and con-
A manhood strong, masterful, dutiful, patriotic, holding
not his life dear for his country's sake, audacious at need,
puissant among men, subduing obstacles to his will, in the
fight to stay until the dawn of victory and peace should
come with its cooling dews and tender sunshine to soothe
and heal the wounds of war. A man of affairs without
stain and without reproach. A statesman of broad views,
possessed of the confidence of his people and the respect of
his colleagues. Truly this is an American character of the
best type, an evolution of government by the people.
Though he has fallen when, in the ordinary course of
events, years of honorable and useful life should have lain
before him, we can not say that it is an unfinished life.
Virtue, not rolling suns, the mind matures ;
That life is long which answers life's great end.
The future of this Republic shall be better, safer, grander
for the life of JOHN F. MILLER. In that rising empire by
the Pacific which now hymns his requiem, may many a
young man arise who shall emulate his manly virtues and
repeat his life.
Address of Mr. TUCKER, of Virginia.
Mr. SPEAKER : The death of Hon. JOHN F. MILLER, Sen-
ator of the State of California, severs the tie of a pleasant
friendship, not intimate, but real, between him and myself.
At the request of his colleagues in this House, I have a
melancholy satisfaction in saying a few words to testify my
respect for the citizen, soldier, and Senator whose loss the
country and his native and adopted States sincerely deplore.
His paternal stock was Virginia, a fact which creates a
Address of Mr. Tucker, of Virginia. 77
kinship no Virginian can ignore. From Franklin County,
one of the most southern of those in Piedmont Virginia, his
father emigrated to Southern Indiana, where Mr. MILLER
was born in 1831.
His robust nature was nurtured to a hardy manhood in
the schools of his native State, and he received his legal
training at a law school in the city of New York, whence
he emigrated to the then new Commonwealth of the Pacific,
in whose service in the United States Senate he died.
In the meantime he had returned to Indiana and taken
honorable position in her legislature ; and at the breaking
out of the civil war he accepted the commission of colonel
in one of her regiments. During the four years of war he
performed his part in that dread drama with unsurpassed
heroism, and, bearing on his person the scars of honorable
wounds won in many battles, he retired at the close of the
struggle with the distinctions of numerous brevets for
courage and good conduct, and the well-earned rank of a
He returned ,to civil life in California, and was in 1881
sent by that State to the Senate of the United States as suc-
cessor to Mr. Booth.
It was here that I first knew him, and our relations were
cordial and close during the period of the debates on the
Chinese question, in which he took prominent position in
the Senate and I took the same side on this floor.
In the maturity of his powers and prime of his life, he
yielded as a Christian hero to the summons of death, and
closed, as I humbly trust, a well-spent life in the hope of a
blessed immortality, inspired by the faith in a Divine Author
of our Christian religion.
In his origin, nativity, and life his experience took in the
extremes and the great middle valley of the continent.
78 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
From the ancestral home in an Atlantic State to that of his
birth in the Mississippi Valley, and, finally, to that on the
Pacific shore, he was an American citizen of the truest
type. His destiny was, by origin, birth, and life, with the
As a Representative of Virginia in this House and as a
citizen of Virginia during the period of civil convulsion,
when his attitude was in antagonism to all my opinions, I
find no difficulty in paying unstinting tribute to his merits
as a soldier and a statesman. Differences of opinion breed
diverse convictions as to duty, but when the one are honestly
formed and the other are conscientiously maintained the
natural outgrowth of a chivalrous magnanimity is a sin-
cere and genuine mutual respect and esteem. The man who
is sincere and devout even in the maintenance of error is a
nobler being than the man who is insincere and false in his
advocacy of truth. Infallibility is not given to man. " To
err is human," biit sincerity, the love of truth, and a con-
science void of offense toward God and man are admirable
and noble though they be allied to error.
On this high plane once enemies, now friends, once
aliens, now allies and fellow-citizens of this great Union of
republican Commonwealths we can, we must, let us vow
on the altar of a common country we will, forget and for-
give the past, will cease criminations and recriminations,
and will with hearty respect for honest differences of opinion
and convictions henceforth unite in an honorable emulation
to make the reunion of the States more glorious than the
old Union, in conserving the liberties of the people, and in
promoting the welfare and progress of our whole country in
the great future of its destiny.
I believe that such were the feelings of the Senator whose
memory we this day honor. His character and his abilities
were broad and large enough to embrace the whole Union.
Address of Mr. Butterworth, of Ohio. 79
His courage, as a personal quality, was unquestionable.
It Avas of the aggressive type. He felt the gaudium certa-
minis when war raged. To him danger was delight, his ex-
posure to it an exhilaration. When prudence prompted
hesitancy in others his undaunted spirit impelled him to
audacity to achieve what doubt deemed impossible. The
story of his military career is replete with all that makes
the history of a dashing cavalier and a knightly hero.
But when war closed and peace came his combative spirit
rested beneath the shadow of its wings. The arm uplifted
in battle embraced his former foe in the grasp of a restored
brotherhood. He gave the solid talents and the heroic char-
acter he had devoted to his country on the battlefield to the
healing of the wounds of war and to the culture of the arts
May we not hope that those who survive him may follow this
noble example. Let us exorcise from our debates the demon
of hate and bitter memories and link the earnest efforts of
the living to the patriotism and magnanimity of the lamented
dead, in preserving the Union for which he fought, with all
the rights of the States and the people under the Constitution,
for which we should all contend, as the heritage of his and
our posterity to the remotest generations!
Address of Mr. BUTTERWORTH, of Ohio.
Mr. SPEAKER: General JOHN F. MILLER, late United States
Senator from California, was the son of a pioneer in the great
West. He was a farmer's boy and learned stability at the
plow. His father, and he with him, encountered early in life
those vicissitudes which develop and strengthen character
and fit men for important duties in life. At the hearthstone
80 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
at which General MILLER was nurtured there were none but
healthful influences. His father belonged to the yeomanry
of the land, that sterling class that gives to our country its
strength in peace and its valor in war. There came to his
home neither the poverty that pinches nor the wealth that be-
comes a burden. Through industry and frugality the elder
Miller was enabled to dispense charity, which he did without
Senator MILLER'S mother was a woman who possessed
splendid native ability, and realized, of a truth, that those
who hold the guiding-strings above the children at the hearth-
stone exercise a mightier influence in the Republic than those
who make its laws. She knew, as did her husband, that at
the hearthstones of America the sure and lasting foundations
of our free government are laid. She realized as well that
the country could not safely trust the man whose palate had
a quicker sensation than his heart, and that in our country
pure hearts are mightier for the defense of freedom than
strong arms. She, with her husband, appreciated the advan-
tages of liberal education; and hence, though opportunities
for schooling were not ample as now, yet the children of that
household went forth with minds well trained and stored
with useful knowledge. They did not bear with them wealth
which is estimated in shekels, but had for their portion a bet-
ter heritage, rich mental furnishing, hearts devoted to duty,
untiring industry, all supplemented and upheld by a rugged
honesty that does not wear away by use.
With such surroundings, it is not strange that the children
who went forth from the Miller homestead after having
grown to manhood should each have become a blessing to the
community in the midst of which he cast his lot. Blessed
with great physical strength and a sound mind, and with a
quickened sense of duty to God and his fellow-men, General
MILLER began his career in life. I will not trace that career;
'Address of Mr. Butter 'worth, of Ohio. 81
others have; and others will bear evidence that it was in many
things brilliant, in all things worthy. I was not intimate
with him, but our families were so related through marriage
that I had opportunity to learn something of the character-
istics of the family and the stern virtues which marked the
character of the general.
An intimate acquaintance with General MILLER was not
essential to learn that he was a man of mark. I do not mean
to say that he was brilliant. His intellect shone rather with
a sure and steady light. His mind was well balanced, and
of him I think it can be as truly said as of any man in public
life that in deciding upon a course of action duty was supreme.
Our country does not find its greatest security in the fact that
there are men among us who are transcendently brilliant;
whose exploits in the field and in the forum challenge the at-
tention and admiration of the world. They come but to per-
form a service which requires possibly but a day or a year,
or at most a half a score of years a service that involves but
one controlling thought; and not unfrequently the heart is not
co-laborer with the hand, and the voice too frequently but
echoes sentiments that are the obvious outgrowth of existing
conditions, and which are not coined from the crucible of se-
rious thought and reflection, nor come of inspiration which
sometimes springs from a life devoted to duty.
The greater security is found in the development of those
moral and intellectual conditions which are born of the influ-
ences which surrounded and pervaded the home of General
MILLER'S childhood. He had been taught to listen to the
"still small voice" that comes in the hush of the night and
teaches as never man taught. He had learned to lean upon
that stronger arm, and as into the valley and shadow he walked
that voice comforted him and that arm sustained him even
to the end. He has passed away from among us. That MIL-
82 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
LER lived and that lie died we know; but what that death
portends, what it is, except that under its strange influences
the heart ceases to beat, the lips become dumb, the eyes sight-
less, and the ears stopped up, and the flesh grows cold and
crumbles into dust, we do not know. That we, too, must die
we also know. That it is better to live well seems clear even
according to the world's philosophy, that which is most ma-
terialistic; for whether death ends all or is but the beginning
of another life, the experience of mankind would seem to
leave no doubt that things are so ordered that our chief joy
will be found in the faithful discharge of duty.
This I know to have been the abiding faith of General
MILLER. It was his struggle to walk in the light and to bear
testimony in his life (not pretending to be free from frailties)
to the truth that was great within him. The calm resigna-
tion he manifested on his approaching dissolution, the perfect
confidence he had that this life is but the germ of immortality,
enabled the believer to say, "It is well with him." As I
stood beside the dead, I found myself repeating the words of
It must be r o, Plato, thou reasonest well !
Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire,
This longing after immortality?
Or whence this secret dread, and inward horror,
Of falling into naught? Why shrinks the soul
Back on herself, and startles at destruction ?
"Tis the divinity that stirs within us ;
Tis heaven itself that points out an hereafter,
And intimates eternity to man.
Whether in the field where sin is atoned by the shedding
of blood, whether in the Senate or in the quiet walks of life,
JOHN F. MILLER was guided and upheld by an unwavering
belief in the precepts and example of the Nazarene. Sup-
ported by that Christian faith, he placed his own in the
mighty but unseen hand of the Eternal Father, and with
Address of Mr. McKenna. of California. 83
unfaltering step and cheering hope he walked through the
shadows into that land from which, though separated from
us by a thin veil which a straw might rend, no echoes come.
General MILLER won fame on the field of battle. He won
distinction and honor in the Senate. He won riches in the
field of business enterprise. His fame may not outlast this
generation, the honor he won be forgot, his riches must per-
ish, but the sublime faith I have mentioned abides with him
still. It is immortal as the spirit it leavens. His last wit-
ness was that compared to this faith the honors he had won
were dross were nothing. It is a pleasure to do honor to
the memory of such a man as General MILLER, whose private
and public life was full of usefulness and without reproach.
Such lives are too few, the influence of such examples too
Address of Mr. McKENNA, of California.
Mr. SPEAKER : Theodore Parker said, " It is no merit in a
man to die." Grief will not pause to dispute it. The de-
ceased is not concerned. "Nor praise, nor blame, nor love,
nor hate, nothing can touch him further." But death may
instruct the living. To most of us life is the greatest bless-
ing ; whatever of happiness we enjoy is in it. Whatever is
tangible in hope or expectation can only be realized through
it, and even the Christian gentleman, whose faith assures
him of eternal bliss, shrinks shuddering from that which he
yet deems the portal of paradise.
It is a wise provision that death, though as "common as
the most vulgar thing to sense," and always to be expected,
yet is always sudden. In its suddenness is the emphasis of
its lesson. It admonishes by shock mortality of immortality.
It points from time to eternity, and its victim must have
84 Life and Character of John F. Miller. '
indeed passed a barren existence if he leave not precept to
assist to endure earth or deserve heaven.
In Senator MILLER'S life there were sweet lessons for both.
In every place and office he was adequate ; in every relation
exact and dutiful. His ability was animated and urged by
good intention. He disdained showing effect ; he dreamed no
dreams; he sought results and accomplished them. Whether
we depict him as citizen or soldier or Senator or husband or
father, in private station or public place, praise swells to
eulogy and a nation applauds.
Mr. Speaker, I have been summoned at the latest minute
to take another's place. I could not refuse. I dislike to
refer to it. I dare not apologize. Had I longer time to pre-
pare and greater ability I should have been anticipated and
excelled by the eloquent gentlemen who have preceded me
in tribute to the dead Senator, and every mark of respect-
California is eager to show her departed representative will
be satisfied by my colleague who succeeds me. Mine is a
suitable but subordinate part. Others have the gracious
office of eulogy : mine is to describe the performance of a
I was deputed with others, the country's proxy, to convey
the remains of Senator MILLER to the Pacific coast. We
executed the trust. Starting from the nation's capital, where
his life was rounded and completed, yet ended, we speeded
to the Mississippi and over it, to the Missouri and over it,
across the plains and over the mountains, through snow-
sheds and tunnels ; on, on, at the rising of the sun, under his
meridian beams, and at his setting ; on, on, under the solemn
stars ; on, along the path of empire to its limits at the ocean,
compassing a continent in a deed of tributary love.
At Colfax, on the western slope of the Sierras, midst the
snow silently falling, we fulfilled the nation's denotation by
Address of J/r. Morrow, of California. 85
delivering our charge to the soldier comrades of the departed
general, prefigured the resurrection, and consoled wife and
daughter and friends with the blessed hope of reunion in
heaven. Loving hands bore him to the grave. Loving
hands placed him in it ; and there he peacefully reposes in
the State he loved and served, overlooking its fair city and
to ocean view while its waters as they beat against the coast
sound everlasting earthly farewells, everlasting earthly fare-
Address of Mr. MORROW, of California.
Mr. SPEAKER : The tribute of respect already paid to the
memory of the late Senator MILLER by those who were im-
mediately associated with him in public affairs testifies how
worthily he had discharged the public duties he had assumed
to perform in one of the most important and honorable sta-
tions in the Republic. His career was an active and an
eventful one, and the distinction he attained among his
fellow-men was the result of honest, laborious, and well-
directed efforts in public service.
The leading incidents of his life may be briefly told.
Born in Union County, Indiana, in the year 1831, he passed
his youth and school days in the midst of scenes and adven-
tures always associated with the occupation and development
of a new country.
He was perhaps spared some of the privations encountered
by many young men in the West by reason of the fact that
his parents were able to give him the advantages of a good
education before he took his start in life ; but even under the
most favorable circumstances no young man could grow to
manhood in the West at that time without having his mettle
tested in many ways. That young MILLER went through
86 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
the usual ordeal with credit to himself is shown by the self-
command and perfect confidence in himself he displayed in
after years when confronted with new and unexpected emer-
He began the study of law at an early age, and graduated
with distinction in 1852 from the New York State Law School.
The next year we find him in California, practicing his pro-
fession with success at a bar noted for the ability of its law-
yers and the wide range of its litigation.
In 1855 he returned to Indiana in consequence of the sup-
posed serious illness of his mother, to whom he was greatly
devoted. Her early recovery gave him the opportunity of
resuming his professional and business relations in California,
but the attractions of his family home and the inducements
there offered him were sufficient to prevent his immediate
return to the Golden State.
At the breaking out of the rebellion Mr. MILLER was a sen-
ator in the Indiana State legislature, where he had achieved
an enviable reputation for close attention to official duties
and had demonstrated his capacity as a man of affairs.
He thus early in life won public confidence without any of
the meretricious devices of the politician, and gained respect
and esteem without any compromise with his dignity or self-
His valor and patriotism drew him into the Army in 1861.
Like many of our heroes of that period, he exchanged the
duties of civil life for the dangers of the field without hesita-
tion. The transition was easy and in accord with his active
disposition, his undaunted courage, and his faith in the
integrity and perpetuity of the Union.
His military career was one of honorable distinction from
first to last. Entering the Army as colonel of the Twenty-
ninth Indiana Volunteers, he attained the rank of brevet
Address of Mr. Morrow, of California. 87
major-general, rendering gallant services in every rank and
station to which he was assigned. At Stone River, Liberty
Gap, and Nashville he was particularly conspicuous as a brave
and skillful commander. It will not be necessary for me to
repeat the incidents of his splendid military service. They
have been outlined in military orders, preserved in the rec-
ords of his regiment, brigade, and division, and have become
a part of the brilliant and enduring history of this great
At the close of the war General MILLER declined further
employment in the Army, and, although suffering from
severe wounds, he proceeded to California to engage in the
active duties of his profession. It was at this period that I
first met him, and the acquaintance then formed soon ripened
into a friendship that continued down to the day of his death.
Soon after General MILLER arrived in California he was
appointed by President Johnson collector of the port of San
Francisco. He held the office for four years, discharging its
duties with great efficiency and good judgment, and gaining
the entire confidence of the business community.
For ten years he was a leading officer of the Alaska Com-
mercial Company, a well-known corporation on the Pacific
coast. The character and policy of this corporation has often
been commended, officially and otherwise, for its just and
honorable dealings with the Government and its wise and
generous treatment of employe's. General MILLER'S associa-
tion with an enterprise of this reputation shows that in pri-
vate business as well as in public service he earned the grati-
tude of good people by furnishing an example worthy of
It is also worthy of mention that General MILLER never
neglected his duties as a citizen. In all his business relations
he was public spirited and generous. He was an ardent
Republican, and always ready to labor for the success of his
88 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
party, believing in its principles and having faith in the
ability of the people to reach reform in the administration
of Government affairs through party organization.
In 1879 he was elected a member of the constitutional con-
vention of California and participated in the formation of
our present constitution. In 1881 he was elected a United
States Senator by the legislature of California for the term
of six years. As a Senator his services were characterized
by great attention to the detail of Congressional business in
which the people of his State were interested. He was in the
habit of responding promptly and pleasantly to every de-
mand made upon him for a proper service. But with all his
kindness of disposition he did not permit himself to be occu-
pied with trifling matters to the exclusion of more important
He was deeply interested in the welfare of his State and
looked forward with great anxiety to the time when Con-
gressional legislation or other action on the part of the Gen-
eral Government would solve some of the difficulties per-
taining to our peculiar position on the Pacific coast. He was
eminently a statesman of enlarged views, and, being well in-
formed on all the leading questions of the day, was able to
render to the nation most important service.
His fame as a soldier and a statesman was not the gift of
fortune or the chance of reckless adventure, but the hard-
earned reward for faithful devotion to the welfare and glory
of his country. He grew to commanding position with an
adaptability of capacity which always marks the vigor of
well-equipped manhood where the social forces are active
He was perhaps known to but few members of this House,
but the place he occupied in the affairs of the country was
distinctly marked and his influence everywhere felt. This
House, therefore, performs its solemn duty on this occasion
Address of Mr. Morrow, of California. 89
with the full knowledge that a page in its history is being
given to one who achieved renown as the just distinction
accorded to heroic and patriotic public service.
Mr. Emerson, in one of his admirable essays, discourses
on the fact that many men of great figure are known to his-
tory by deeds which do not appear to justify their fame.
" We cannot," he says, "find the smallest part of the personal
weight of Washington in the narrative of his exploits," and
he mentions Philip Sidney, the Earl of Essex, Sir Walter
Raleigh, and others, as men of distinction who accomplished
but few deeds worthy of historical mention. It is a fact that
the character of a man cannot be determined by the mere in-
cidents of his life, no more than can the mass of the mount-
ain be ascertained by measuring the altitude of its promi-
nent peaks. In human nature, as elsewhere, the magnitude
of force and power is not always disclosed by what is seen.
Back of the visible action there may be a mental and moral
combination, moving with certainty and winning success
with apparent ease in grave emergencies. A man thus or-
ganized has character, and he may have genius. "He con-
quers because his arrival alters the face of affairs."
Senator MILLER possessed this latent power in a remark-
able degree, and always commanded respect and confidence,
not so much because of what he said or did, but because it
was apparent that he could say and do much more if it were
The career of Senator MILLER was incomplete. The full
measure of his capacity had not been attained. He had plans
for the future, and had his life been spared his mature judg-
ment and large experience would have been of untold value
in the councils of the nation. He felt that he could be of
service to his country, and even when his malady had become
dangerous he refused to lay aside his work for needed rest.
With the restless spirit of the wounded but gallant soldier
90 Life and Character of John F. Miller.
who hears a summons in the notes of preparation for the
coming battle, Senator MILLER came from his distant home
at the commencement of the present session of Congress to
engage in the active duties of legislation.
He knew the Angel of Death had come very near to him
And wondered why he stayed his dart,
Yet quailed not, but could meet him so,
As any lesser friend or foe.
Such serene courage might again dismiss the unwelcome
messenger. He could not weakly surrender even to the in-
evitable, but the struggle was all in vain. The energies of
his scared and overtaxed frame had broken from their natural
channels and no human skill could restrain their wasting
The end came, and the spirit of a brave man found rest.
Fair life to pulseless silence wed.
We all remember the solemn ceremony in this Capitol in
memory of the deceased Senator, and the mournful pageant
escorting his remains to their final sepulcher at Lone Mount-
ain, by the restless sea. It was a fitting and deserved tribute
to one whose life and character are worthy of all praise.
Kind father, devoted husband, faithful friend, patriotic citi-
zen and statesman, farewell ! California has had other sons
fall on the field of duty, but the waves of the Pacific have
chanted no sadder requiem than they do to-day over the
remains of JOHN FRANKLIN MILLER.
The question being taken on the resolutions, they were
And then, in accordance with the concluding resolution, the
House (at 4 o'clock and 35 minutes p. m.) adjourned.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
THIS BOOK IS OLE ON THE LAST DATE
100M 1 1/86 Series 9482
UC SOUTHERN REGIONAL LIBRARY FACILITY
AA 000923276 o