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Full text of "Memorial addresses on the life and character of Dudley C. Haskell (a representative from Kansas), delivered in the House of representatives and in the Senate, Forty-eighth Congress, first session"

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JOINT EESOLUTION for tlu- luintiiij; of certain culoKies ilelivurcd iu Coiiniess upon the 
late Dudley C. Haskell. 

Resolved hy the Senate and House of Kejyrcsentatives of the United States of America 
in Congress aesembled, That there be printed of the eulogies delivered iu Oon- 
j^ress upon the late Dudley C. Haskell, a Representative elect to the Forty- 
eighth Congress from the State of Kansas, twelve thousaud five hundred 
copies, of which three thousand shall he for the use of the Senate and nine 
thousand five hundred for the use of the House of Kepresentatives. And the 
Secretary of the Treasury be, and be is hereby, directed to have printed a por- 
trait of the said Dudley C. Haskell to acooiupauy said eulogies, and for the 
purpose of engraving or printing said portrait the sum of five hundred dollars, 
or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated out of any 
moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. 

Approved March 13, 1884. 



Death of Dudley C. Haskell 


In the House of Representatives, 

December 17, 1883. 

Mr. Anderson. Mr. Speaker, it'is with great sorrow I perform 
the sad duty of'annoiiiicing to the House the deatli of my lameuted 
colleague, Hou. Dudley C. Haskell, late a Representative from 
the State of Kansas, who died at his residence in this city on yes- 
terday morning, the l(5th instant, at twenty-eight minutes past 4 

With the earliest tints of that sacred day which typifies to the 
Christian the resurrection of the dead, his spirit was severed from 
the jurisdiction of this Congress of the United States of America, 
and joined that sublime general assembly of representatives from 
all nations, continents, and centuries. As the babe sleeps, so he 
slept out of lite and awoke in that immortality given and vouch- 
safed by our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Mr. Haskell served through the last three Congresses with 
ever increasing ability, fidelity, and efficiency. Had he been spared 
to occupy this seat, now draped with the emblems of mourning, 
but brightened with the flowers of the Christian's hope, he would 
have taken high and deserved rank in the Forty-eighth Congress. 

Of his never questioned purity of life and force of character, of 
his ripe legislative experience and broad statesmanship, this is not 
the time to speak. On some future day the House will be asked 
to suspend its ordinary proceedings and pay fitting tribute of re- 
spect to the memory of one whose words and deeds have become an 
inseparable part of its history. 


4 /.//•'/•-• ,tM) rllAKACTEl: OF llCDI.ICY C. HASKELL. 

Anil now, ill lii'luilf ol' my colUairucs, and LX|)ressiiiir tlie unani- 
mous wisii uC tiiat constituency wliicli so lonj^, .so ably, and so earn- 
estly Mr. Haskkll lia.s represented, and wliidi loved him so well, 
Task for the action of the House upon the resolutiDiis which I send 
to the Clerk's desk. 

The Clerk read as follows : 

llemlved, That the lldiisi; has hoard with profonnd sorrow the announcciiu'iit 
of the death of Hon. 1Jii>licy ('. Haskkll, late :i Kciircseiitutive from tlie 
.State of KaiLsas. 

liiKulved, That, the Clerk coiiiiiiiiniiate these proeeediuys to the Senate. 

Resolved, That, as a token of resi)eet to the nieULory of the (U^eeased, the 
House do now adjourn. 

The resolutions were adopted unanimously. 

Before announcing the result, the Speaker appointed the follow- 
ing as members of the conmiittee to escort the remtuns of ]\Ir. 
Haskell to his place of residence: Mr. Russell, of Ma.ssachusett.s; 
Mr. Kasson, of Iowa; Mr. Browne, of Indiana; Mr. Ryan, of 
Kansas; Mr. Le Fcvre, of Ohio; ^Ir. Burnes, of Missouri; Mr. 
Hanback, of Ktmstis, and Mr. (J raves, of Missouri. 

Then, in accordance with the vote on the above resolutions (at 
12 o'clock and 15 minutes p. in.), the House adjourned until 
Wednesday next. 

In the Senatic ox- 'iiiE IT.nited Statics. 

JDecemhd- 17, 1883. 

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Clark, 
its Clerk, communicated to the Senate the intelligence of the 
death of Hon. DtrnLRY C. Haskell, late a member of the House 
from the State of Kansas, and transmitted the resolutions of the 
House thereon. 

The Pi!K.siDENT j)ro tempore. The Chair feels it to be a duty, 
according to ])revious custom, to lay before the Senate the resolu- 
tions just received from the House of Rej)resentatives. The reso- 
lutions will be read. 

The resolutions were read as follows : 


Hesolved, That the House has hoaiil with profouuil sorrow the auiionnee- 
luent of the death of Hon. C Haskkll, kite a Representative from 
the State of Kansas. 

liesolved, That the Clerk commuuicate these proceedings to the Senate. 

liesolred, That, as a token of respect to the memory of the deceased, the 
House do now adjourn. 

Mr. Ingalls. Advised yesterday while in Massachusetts, hy 
telegraph, of the uutimcly, though not wholly unexpeeted, death 
of niv colleague in the House of Representatives, I hastened to 
Washington and liuve arrived, to learn that the sad proces- 
sion bearing his remains to his home has already departed. 

This is not the time to recount his many virtues, nor to rehearse 
the services which he has rendered tiie Kepuhlic. Suffice it nnw 
to say that in his death the House lias lost a most efficient mem- 
ber, the nation has been deprived of the services of an eminent 
statesman, his State mourns a distinguished and Jionored ])ul)lic 
servant, while I, Mr. I'resident, suffer in his departure a personal 
bereavement tiiat is irreparable. 

In accordance with the usual observance upon such mclanchoiy 
occasions, I move that the Senate do now adjourn. 

The Pre.sidext jjro tempore. The Chair will ask the Senator 
from Kansas whether he desires that a committee of Senators shall 
l)e named to attend the funeral, as the custom has been, and which 
was arranged for by his colleague [Mr. Plumb] ? 

Mr. Incjalls. I was not aware, in consecpience of my very re- 
cent arrival, that tliat action had not already been taken. If it 
has not, I would suggest that a committee of three Senators be 
designated by the Chair for that purpose. 

The President pro tempore. The Senator from Kansas asks 
that the Chair designate a conunittee of three Senators to attend 
the obsequies of the late member of the House of Kepresentatives 
from Kansas. Is~ there objection? The Chair hears none. The 
Chair will name the Senator from Kansas [Mr. Plumb], the Sen- 
ator from Missouri [Mr. Cockrell], and tlie Senator from Massa- 
achusetts [Mr. Dawes]. The Senator from Kansas [Mr. Ingalls] 
moves that tiie Senate do now adjourn. 

The motion was agreed to; and (at 12 o'clock and 35 minutes 
p. m.) the Senate adjourned. 


In the House op Representatives, 

February 28, 1884. 
Tlie SrKAKKii. Tlie (Jink will read (lie special onlcr fur this 

The Clerk read as tiillows: 

Ordered, That Thursday, February 28, at 2 o'clock p. m., be fixed as the time 
for delivering tributes to the memory of the late Dri>LEY C. Haskkll, late a 
Representative from the Staie of Kansas. 

Mr. Ryan. Mr. Speaker, this being the hour fixed by special 
order bv the House to pay a]>pro])riale tril>ute to the memoiy of 
the late Hon. Dudley C. Haskki;l, a Representative-elect to this from the second Congressional district of Kansas, I offer 
the following resolutions: 

The Clerk read as follows : 

Resolved, That the ordinary l)iisin<'ss of the House belaid .aside in order tb;it 
api>ropriate tribute nuiy lie paid to the memory of Dt'in.KY C. Haskki.i., late 
a Representative from the State of Kansas. 

Hftnolred, That in the untimely death of Mr. H.vskei.l the House has lost a 
couspicuons and faithful uieuibcr, his constituents a zealous and capable serv- 
ant, and the country a citizen of exemplary life, patriotic devotion, .and rare 
promise. ' 

Jiesolred, That as an additional nnirk of respect for his memory and sorrow 
for his loss,, at the conclusion of these ceremonies, shall adjourn. 

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate. 

After addresses by Mr. Ryan, Mr. Kelley, Mr. Tucker, Mr. 
Keifer, Mr. McKinley, Mr. Rice, Mr. Russell, Mr. Biirnes, ISfr. 
Browne of Indiana, Mr. Relford, Mr. Hanback, Mr. I'ettibone, and 
Mr. Perkins, 

The Spj:aker. The question is on the adoption of the resolu- 

The resolutions were unaiiimiinsly adcjpted, and accordingly tlii' adjourned. 

proceedings in the senate. 7 

In the Senate of the United States, 

March 3, 1884. 

Mr. John B. Clark, Jr., tlie Clerk of the House of Represent- 
atives, appeared at tlic bar of the Senate and said : Mr. President, 
the House of Representatives lias passed a series of resolutions as 
an a])propriate tribute to the niomorv of Dudley C. Haskell, 
late a Representative from the State of Kansas ; whicli I am directed 
to communicate to the Senate. 

The President -pro tempore. The Chair, as is usual in such 
cases, asks unanimous consent to lav before the Senate the resolu- 
tions from the House of Repre-ientatives. If there be no objection 
the resolutions will be read. 

The Chief Clerk read the resolutions, as follows : 

Resolved, That the ordinary business of the House he laid aside in order that 
appropriate triUute may be paid to the memory of Dudley C. Haskkli,, late 
a li'eiiresentative from tlie State of Kansas. 

Remlred, That iu tlie untimely death of Mr. Haskkli, the House has lost a 
eons]iienous and faithful member, his constituents a zealous and capable serv- 
ant, and the country a citizen of exemplary life, patriotic devotion, and rare 

RfKolved, That as an additional mark of respect to his memory and sorrow for 
his loss, the House, at the conclusion of these ceremonies, shall adjourn. 

Renolved, That the Clerk communicate these resohitions to the Senate. 

Mr. Plumb. Mr. President, I offer the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That the Senate has received with profound sorrow the announce- 
ment of the death of Hon. Dudley C. Haskell, late a member of the House 
of Ri^presentatives from tlie State of Kansas. 

Resolced, That the business of the Senate be now suspended that opportunity 
may be given for fittins;; tributes to the memory of the deceased and to his emi- 
nent public and private virtues, and that as a further mark of respect the 
Senate, at the couclusio'.i of such remarks, shall ailjonrn. 

After addresses by Mr. Ingalls, Mr. Dawes, Mr. Cockrell, i\Ir. 
Morrill, and Mr. Plumb, 

Mr. Plumb. Mr. President, I ask for the adoption of the res- 

The President jji o tempore. The question is on agreeing to the 
resolutions proposed by the Senator from Kansas [Mr. Plumb]. 

The resolutions were agreed to ; and accordingly the Senate 



Death of Dudley C. Haskell 



Address of Mr. Ryan, of Kansas. 

Mr. Speaker : I enter upon this sad duty with a sorrow made 
poignant by the memory of years of uninterrupted friendsiiip. 

Dudley C Haskell was my associate and colleague in Con- 
gress from 1876 to the date of his death. We entered upon Con- 
gressional life at the same time. Our relations were always cordial, 
and were never interrupted by liasty word or unpleasant incident. 
We conferred concerning our personal interests and public duties 
with the fullest confidence and without reserve. His sympathy 
and aid in the discharge of the trusts assigned me I could always 

j\Iv friend and colleague is no more! After a long and heroic 
.struggle against resistless disease, he died at his rooms in this city 
about half past 4 o'clock of the Sabbath morning, the Ifith day of 
December last. 

]\Ir. Haskell was Iwrn at Springfield, Vt., ]\Iarch 23, 1842, 
and was, as will be seen, still a young man when cut down. He 
was the son of Franklin Haskell and Almira Cliase. His father's 
family is traditionally traceable to Saxony. Tiiey came to America 
from Scotland, and were among the first who settled in tiie historic 
town of Salem, Mass. Subsequent settlements were made by some 



ortlu'iii in Coiiiioctii'iit ami N'rrinoiii. His inotlicr 1k'1iiiij;c(1 to an 
old and numerous New England family of that name, some of 
whom attained to considerahle distinction. His jiarcnts moved to 
IVrassaehusetts when he was but two years old, where th(?y eon- 
tinned to reside until September, 1854, when his fatiier went to 
Kansas, followed by his mother and himself the ensuing ^^an■Il. 

In IS")? he went baeU to Springtield, \'t., where heattende<l >el 1 

alioiit a year, and then returned to his home and engaged in trade. 

Soon alter, however, and at the early age of soveuteeu years, he 
was moved by the prevailing excitement resulting from gold dis- 
coveries in Colorado to go to " Pike's Peak," the name by which 
that attractive i-egiou was then generally but somewhat vaguely 
known. Prickle fortune withholding her i'avor, he again sought 
his home in the fall of 1861, soon after the civil war had come to 
deluge the land with the blood of kindred. lie entered the niili- 
tarv service a lad of but nineteen years, and his sujierior qualities 
did not long await recognition, for he was soon assigned to the im- 
portant position of superintendent of transportation of his <li virion. 

In January, 1S()3, he retired from the military service, an<l in 
the Ibllowing March entered school at East Hampton, Mass. Ke- 
maining there for a time, he was admitted to Yale College, and 
took a special scientific course. 

In November, 1 8(55, he married Miss Harriet M. Kelsey, of I5erk- 
shire County, Massachusetts, a lady of culture and refinement, to 
whose beautv of ehai'acter, untiring devotion, jyatient courage, high 
order of intellect, and s])lendid mental ecpiipment ]\Ir. HasIvIOI.i, 
was largely indebted for his subsetpient brilliant success. 

Inunediately after his marriage he returneil with his young bride 
to his Kansas home, in the city of liawrence, where he engaged in 
mercantile pursuits, in which he continued witii inditferent success 
until l.S7<). He entered political life, however, in 1871, when he 
was electetl to the lower of the Kansas legislature. At that 
time it was not his purpose to remain in public life, but rather to 
enter the i)rofession of the law, a field of service for which he was 
exceptionally well fitted b\- his remarkable perce]>tive powers, ana- 
lytic fiieulties, t(>rseness and cogency of logic, and perspicuity and 


affluence of diction. Subsequent events diverted him from this pur- 
pose and gave his remaining years to the business of legislation. In 
1873 he was again elected to the State legislature, and still again in 
1875, when he was chosen speaker of the house. As member and 
speaker he gave evidence of abilities and developed an aptitude for 
legislative duties that suggested his candidacy for Congress, and in 
1876 he was elected to the lower House of the Forty-fifth Congress, 
and was successively chosen to the Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh, and 
Forty-eighth Congresses. 

When Mr. Haskei>i> entered the Forty-fifth Congress many im- 
portant interests of his district were greatly in need of legislative 
relief. To this work he at once applied himself with such diligence 
that before he had completed his second term ample legislation for 
that purpose had been secured. He was vigilant and active re- 
s])ecting allmatters of interest to Kansas, and there is little of Fed- 
eral legislation affecting her development upon which he has not 
left iiis impress. 

He was fond of his constituents and jimud of his State. In con- 
versation he delighted to dwell iqion the early struggles and tri- 
Minplis of the young Commonwealth. He indulged a just pride in 
having borne a j)art in all her vicissitudes. When but a lad of 
thirteen years he participated in the contests and shared in the pri- 
vations of the period. Fresh from his New England home, imbued 
with a love of freedom and promjjted by the zeal inspired by tlic 
passions of the time, he shouldered his rifle and with his command 
marched forth to battle for human liberty. 

Mr. Haskeli. was gifted with a splendid physic^ue, being con- 
siderably over six feet high and symmetrically proportioned. His 
bodily strength was great, and he was passionately fond of athletic 

In thought, speech, and action he was vigorous and aggressive. 
It seemed impossible for him to be lukewarm or apathetic in the 
]ierforraance of any task or the discharge of an}' duty. Though it 
were but a friendly office in one of the Departments of the Govern- 
ment for some humble constituent, he undertook it with cheerful 
alacritv. If the recognition- of the presiding officer were sought, it 


was willi tone so comMiaiKlinji and \itiur ol' jjiirpose so evident, tliat 
till' Cliair found it easier to rcs])cct than to ignore. Whether 
dehatint;- a (|nesti()ii of order or discnssinij a great pnhlie ineasni'e, 
lie summoned all the resources of body and mind, and <lireeted 
tlieni against the position of his advei-sarv with an energy tiiat 
must have put his nerve Dower to serious test and niateriallv im- 
paired his vital forces. 

Mr. Haskei.l was a diligent student, especially of history and 
political economy. With the entire hi.story of his own country 
and its legislation he made himself as thoroughly familiar as 
though he had lived through it and home a part in it. 

For the legislative arena he was in all respects splendidly 
etjuipped. To every duty assigned him he brought the most 
thorough preparation. He made himself master of every prin- 
ciple, every detail, and every accessible fait pertaining to the sub- 
ject. Just in his pur[)ose, with preparation never inadc((uate, with 
a sagacity that always chose the strongest position, and a courage 
that was invincible, he proved himself on this floor to be a '' foe- 
man worthy of the steel" of the ablest and the most undaunted. 
It was only after the fullest investigation and the most careful de- 
liberatiini that he reached important conclusions, and then he was 
as unyielding in his convictions as he was zealous iii their defense. 
Though often impetuous, ardent, and nervously energetic in wiiat 
he undertook', he was yet cool, prudent, wise, and sagacious in 
counsel. He was 

A <'oniliiiiati«ii and iifoiiii, indeed, 
Wlierc every god did .seem to set his seal, 
To give the worhl assurance of a man. 

There were two great subjects to which my late colleague gave 
exhaustive study and ]>rofound thought — ])o]ygamy in the Territo- 
ries and the system of protection to American industry. 

He regarded polygamy not merely as a crime against society, 
defiling and ]ierverting those faniilv relations and home ties which 
are the very flower of our civilization, but as an organized and de- 
fiant enemy of our (iovernmeni and its inslitntious. Tims beliijv- 
ing, he detei'mined tn aKack it with alltlie legislafiv(^ powers that 


it was practicable to invoke for its destruction. When the Forty- 
seventh Congress met he moved against it promptly, planting him- 
self upon the broad proposition that to send to this body a polyga- 
mous representative of that great crime was an oiit'iise against the 
honor antl dignity of the House of Representatives. After a mem- 
orable struggle he was sustained and the Delegate-elect refused a 
seat. He subsequently championed the bill for the suppression of 
polygamy iu the Territories, and i)ursued it with marked parlia- 
meutary skill and energy to a successful issue. 

But it was the subject of tariff revision which so largely engaged 
the attention of the House at the closing session of the last Con- 
gress that brought into active exercise his rarest taleut for debate 
and his consummate skill in the application of parliamentary law. 
It was that notable parliamentary struggle that brought him con- 
spicuously before the country as one of the ablest expounders and 
strongest advocates of that great economic system. To this sub- 
ject he doubtless devoted profounder study and more thorough 
investigation than to any other that had ever challenged his atten- 
tion. He represented an agricultural people, and the great prob- 
lem presented for his solution was the effect and influence of the 
system of protection upon the chief industry of his own people. 
To this end he traversed the domains of history, science, philoso- 
phy, and precedent, and it was the light thus gained that made 
his pathway clear and determined his purpose beyond fear or 
cavil. Those present who were members of the last Congress 
need not be reminded with what force of logic, comprehensiveness 
of information, and patient mastery of details he supported his 
matured convictions on this floor. Nor can it be doubted that 
the intense mental strain, long continued, and the excessive labor 
which characterized the part he bore in that memorable contest 
sapped his vital forces, destroyed his capac^ity for natural and 
healthful repose, and left him an easy prey to insidious and fatal 

Dudley C. Haskell's private life was without a stain. From 
boyhood his was a career of religious fervor. His faith was im- 
plicit and sublime. He knew his God as surely as he knew the 


traiKjuil beuiity of" tlie stars or tliu iiRTidiaii splendor of" tlic sun. 
No linseriiiir doiiht disturbed liis beliof in llic diviiiitv ol' .Itwiis 
Clirist and a f'nture stati; of" etcnial Ijliss. To iiitu doatii was tlic 
gatowav to an eternity of pnrity, serenity, and joy. Tiie work of" 
tlic ciuii'<'li and till' Salilialli seluioi was to liini a laixir of love. So 
liigli anil jiiire were tlie order and i|iia]ity of liis eiiaructer tiiat lie 
was an easy master of every temptation. 

His liome was to him the one spot on earth of supreme felieity, 
typical of that higher home and more numerous family to which 
h(! has been summoned. His great heart was entirely eou.scerated 
to his family. His affection for wife and children was as sweet 
and j)iire as a mother's kiss. His' was the home of peace, conti- 
denee, and contentment. No vision of glory could dim the luster 
of his fireside, no ambition didl the calm doligiits of his hearth- 
stone. It was the abiding place of all the domestic virtues. 
Chief and empress of them all reigned Love, aroitnil wiiose 
throne shone the mellow light of Christian charity — 

The spot where angels tiuil a resliug place 
When, bearing blessings, they descend to earth. 

Mr. Haskell was a steadily and even a rapidly growing man. 
Each succeeding effort surjiasscd the last. Jn him were j)ossil)ili- 
ties that pointed to the best and proudest results of statesmanship. 
He relied iipDii hard W(irk rather than upon gi^niiis. His dciini- 
tion of ability was intelligent industry. He regarded genins and 
talent as infant energies that could only be developed into robust 
mauiiood by the severest toil. 

His early death nuist be considered a national calamity. Tiie 
great ])rinciples he so ardently csjwused and so powerfnily main- 
tained have sustaiiie<l a grievous loss. Tiie vigorous and 
wart young State he in part re[)rcsente(l with sn nimli hniKir and 
fidelity bows under the burden of iior great bei'eavenient. Just, 
genial, honorable, and artless, he has gone to liis reward. 

His lifi' wa.s •;cMtlc: aud tl'C i-liMiR'nta 

So mixed in liiiii that nature niiglil stand up 

And say to all the worhl — '' This is a man!" 


I seem to see now in fancy my departed friend on that far sliore, 
liis once soaring spirit in peaceful repose at last, basking in the 
ti'lad sunlight of an eternal morning. From that infinite height 
may we not fancy him conij)rciK'nding in the vast sweep of his 
perfected vision tlie places, events, and interests that attracted his 
thoughts and engaged his energies in life? So shall he look down 
upon a grateful country, her reverent millions paying the tribute 
of tears to one who served their interests faithfully, whose devotion 
to the cause of social regeneration and whose championship of the 
rights and dignity of American labor challenged their sincere ad- 
miration. In the van of them all will lie behold the sorrowin<i- 


hosts of his own State, watering his grave witli tears and bedeck- 
ing it with lily and immortelle. When these flowers flide and their 
fragrance perishes, surviving attection will rear a sculptured coliinni 
above his dust, and the enduring marble itself shall c.ruml)lc and 
decay ere his name and fame fade from recollection. 

Address of Mr. Kelley, of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Speaker : The premature death of so enlightened and cour- 
ageous a legislator as Hon. Dudley C. Haskell was an event 
to be solemnly commemorated. It was more than a bereavement 
to his family and friends. It ^vas a national calamity. 

When, at the close of the Forty-seventh Congress, on the 4tli of 
March last, I parted from him it was with a feeling of affectionate 
gratitude for the generous manner in which he had assumed in the 
Committee on Ways and Means and in the conduct of the business 
of the conjmittee on the floor of the House duties which belonged 
to me, l)ut for tlie energetic performance of which a hideous disease 
was day by day disqualifying me. I felt that after years of pleas- 
ant and, to me, instructive association, our pathways now finally 
diverged ; that he, with his giant frame, his active and cultivated 
intellect, his indomitable energy and simple habits of life, went 
forth to long years of usefulness while I should seek the repose and 
endearment of home with an abiding apprehension that my tenure 
of life would not endure until Congress should reassemble. 

16 /,//•'/•; .1X1) cnAHAVTEi! or nrDi.Kv c haskei.i.. 

Let no ni;m :it(('m]i( (o loi'clcll the mysterious issiius of lili' Mini 
(loatli, for it is true now as it was before tlie flood that of two in a 
field oi' two <;rin(iinfr at a mill, one shall be taken and the other 
left. In this case the vigorous youth hiis gone and the diseased 
old man, resloicd to health, lives to mourn the loss of his gifted 
and yt>ung eolaborer. 

Mr. Haski;i,i,'s life was one (jf ceaseless activity, ('onscioiis of 
the power with which he was endowed, he regarded it as a 
held ill use for others, and though his form was that of Hcrctdes 
his meutid energy and indomit;djle will exhausted it at so early an 
age as to justify us in asserting that death claimed him prematurely. 

Born in Vermont, he received his elementary education in his 
native town, Springfield, and emigrated with his mother to Ivaw- 
reuee, Kans., wheu but thirteen years old. In less than two 
years from his settlement in Lawrence he enrolled himself in 
what was known as Rtubb's militia, and bore his ])art' in the labors 
and perils of those turbulent days of border life as heroically as 
did the brawniest man in the corps. Released from military serv- 
ice, he returned to Springfield in 1857, ent(!red the high school, 
and remained as a pupil for something more than a year, when 
he returned to Lawrence and found employment in a commercial 
house. He enjoyed the excitement of extreme frontier life during 
the summers of 1859 and 18(30 in Colorado, then known as Pike's 
Peak, and in 1861 found an acceptable field of labor in the 
Quartermaster's Department of the Union Arinv, in which he 
rendered two years of faithful service. Notwithstanding his love 
of adventure it never (picnched his yearning desire for knowletlge, 
and, having obtained further preparatory education, he entered 
Yale College and passed about two yeai's in a special scientific 
course of instruction and of commercial education. 

Having married Miss Kelsey, of Berkshire, Mass., in Decem- 
ber, 1865, Mr. Haskell again returned to Lawrence and engaged 
in business. His was not, however, to be a life of quiet and 
domestic ha])piness, for \vhich he was abundantly fitted, as was 
shown by the affectionate dignity with which he ever treated his 
wife, and the tender affection he lavished upon his two little 


daughters. He seems to have been predestined to legislative life. 
His representative career began in 1872 and was cut short by his 
demise in 1883. Meanwhile he had been elected three times con- 
secutively to the legislature of Kansas; and had in 1876 been 
spontaneously chosen speaker of the house of representatives. In 
the fall of that year he was chosen to represent the second district 
of the State in the Congress of the United States, to which body 
he was re-elected in 1878, 1880, and 1882. 

When first elected to Congress he was but thirty-four years of 
age. His district was large in territory, and his unusually numer- 
ous constituency increased with a raj)idity possible only in the 
most fertile and accessible of our frontier States. It was a purely 
agricultural district, but the interests involved in this department 
of industry in connection with those growing out of Indian affairs, 
railroad operations, the settlement of immigrants under pre-emp- 
tion and homestead laws made demands upon him exacting enough 
to test the strength and jraticiiee of tlie most vigorous and devoted 
Representative; yet, while neglecting none of these interests, Mr. 
Haskell found time to study diligently and with appreciative 
interest the economic laws which promote the progress of nations 
in population, wealth, and intelligence. 

Looking beyond the district he had been chosen to represent, 
and the magnificent young Commonwealth of which it was a part, 
he was ever ready to give careful and conscientious consideration 
to the most minute interest of the citizens of any State which 
might be affected by proposed legislation. He had read the writ- 
ings of the masters of the British school of political economy, and 
his tenacious memory was charged with the language in which 
most of the specious fallacies they announce as self-evident truths 
had been expressed ; but his treucliant habits of investigating 
theories, by whomsoever propounded, had saved him from their 
intellectual domination and given to the doctrines of social science 
and national economy, as distinguished from political economy, a 
ca])able and courageous propagandist. 

He was fond of illustrating the absurdity of the accepted dog- 
mas of political economy by reference to one of the fundamental 
H. Mis. 46 2 


])ro])ositioiis vi' il.s most gi^U'rally accepted teachers, .Maltliiis and 

The fuiidaiuental assiinij)fioii im whicli these masters based 
much of" theii system, and on tlie correctness of which they were 
aecej)ted as tlie hii::hcst Britisli antliorities, was, tliat guided hy an 
unerring instinct dl' >cii-intcrcst, men always settle Krst iipcm the 
richest huids lutd when these are occn|)ic(l their successors arc forced 
to spend their lalxir on infiTiorand ever-incrcasingly iiiflTior lands, 
so that liy this " inflcxii)lc law" the means of human sustenance 
would increase in l)ut arithmetical progression while jieople to re- 
quire sustenance wonlil increase geometrically. From this assump- 
tion, the falsity of which the early history of every country dis- 
plays, these accepted authorities had reached the conclusion that 
war, pestilence, and famine are beneficent agencies provided by a 
kind Providence to prevent mankind from passing through civili- 
zation into can libalisni as the result of the ovcrpopulatiou of the 

Mr. Haskell'w was a devoutly religious nature, and though he 
may not at first have been able to successfully dis|)ute the premises 
or overthrow the logic of ^Malthns and Kicardo he doubted thei* 
pi-emises and shrunk from the impious conclusion that an all-pow- 
erful and beneficent God, in ordering His providence, had so adjusted 
it that the horrors of overpopulation nuist forever cloud the social 
atmosphere ; and that the sole agent for correcting this false ad- 
justment of means to ends provided by the Almighty was the 
ghastly trinity of war, pestilence, and famine. 

On the fertile prairies and slopes of Kansas young Haskell 
found nature's demonstration of the absurdity of this " dismal" 
assumption, and her refutation of the logic by which this impious 
assault on the goodness of God had been enforced. The j)roof 
Kansas furnished the seemingly sterile slojics and hills of Colorado 
corroborated. Observation taught him that neither individual im- 
migrants nor colonies ever settled first upon the best lands of the 
country into which they go as pioneers. These lands have ever 
been, as they now are, the bottom lands, which can not be adapted 
to the uses of social life till population and capital have accurau- 


luted in force and power sntticient for their adequate drainage and 
tlie application of other costly prerequisites to healthful occupa- 
tion ; primitive settlement always takes place on uplands, which 
natural drainage prepares for human occaipation. The study of the 
progress of the early settlement of the British Islands and of the 
topography of early British traffic and post-roads would have saved 
ftFalthns and Ricardo from the amazing blundei' of predicating 
their pretentious works on so glaring a fallacy. 

The discussion of the problems of national economy was a pas- 
sion with Mr. Haskeli- ; and yet he never carried with him on 
the stump a protectionist authority. His favorite book for cam- 
paign purposes was Bastiat's Sophisms of the Protectionists. His 
method was, so he told me, to read one or more of Bastiat's most 
plausible propositions, and then to proceed to refute them by appeals 
to the personal knowledge and experience of his auditors. Repre- 
senting an agricultural constituency and State, he believed devoutly 
in the maintenance of a protective tariff as the only effective means 
of developing all the resources of the country and of cementing its 
unity by that law which produces the most perfect harmony of inter- 
ests as the result of the widest possible diversity of pursuits ; and his 
intelligence and the zeal with which he sought to ])ropagate his 
economic faith had persuaded mo that there lay before him a career 
of national usefulness which ])ersonal aptitudes and the course of 
events open to but few men of a generation. 

Mr. Haskem,, with his herculean frame, his deep voice, and his 
sometimes sternly Puritan visage, was a genial companion and in 
all the honorable strifes of public life a generous foe. An inci- 
dent, which I may without impropriety mention, will serve to 
show the frankness and generosity of his nature. The time ap- 
proached for closing general debate on the tariff bill, which the 
Committee on Ways and !Means had rejrorted to the House with a 
favorable recommendation. This honorable duty belonged to me 
as chairman of the committee that had reported the bill ; but in 
view of the physical a'nd nervous prostration from which I was suf- 
fering I shrunk from its- performance, and would have gladly con- 
fided it to either Mr. Haskell or Major McKinley of Ohio, be- 


twecn wlioni luid myself tlierc was most porfwt accdi-d. JJiit wliilc 
I rejoiced in tiie fact tliat I liad tliose two tliorouglily instrufted 
and tnistwortliy colleagues upon wliom to devolve tlieduty, I could 
not determine to wliicii the iionor belonged, and submitted tlie 
question to the ])arties themselves for settlement. Upon what 
grounds it was determined I have never heard; but it was agreed 
that Mr. Haskell should make the closing speech. 

Early on the 27th of January, 1883, Major McKinley submit- 
ted his views to the House and commanded an unusual measure of 
attention. Sound in argument and aptl)' illustrated by facts 
drawn from our past and current history and that of foreign mami- 
facturing nations, the speeeli exhil)ited ids complete mastery of the 
great sul)ject of economic science. As he took his seat members 
crowded about him to thank and congratulate him. Early among 
these was our friend Haskell; his tall figure towering above 
those who ]jreceded him, and witli his long arm outstretched above 
them toward the hero of tiie occasion, he said with much earnestness, 
"McKinley, I shall make the last speech in favor of the bill, but 
you have clo.«ed the dcl)atc, and I thank you for your splendid 

This generous incident was tliorougidy characteristic of tlie man; 
but he who would fully appreciate the generous impulse that 
prompted it should read the speech with which its author did, in 
less than two hours, proceed to close the debate. It abounded in 
facts, each statement of wliicli was uttered as an illustration of 
well-considered doctrine; and though it contained no allusion to 
the impious doctrines of Malthus and his disciple Uicardo, it is in 
itself their specific refutation. One of its leading object? was to 
show that the agricultural States needed diversification of employ- 
ments; that the workshop and the factory should be located in the 
midst of diversified agriculture ; that farming connnunitics which 
depended on distant markets for tiicii- productions were coni|)eIletl 
to sell the vital elements of tlieir soil and to tlius dimiiMsh the 
rewards of their future labor; and that the establishment of mann- 
I'arturiug and commercial center.^ In the inid~t of agricultural com- 
uuniities, l)y furnishing markets for green crops, spring vegefa- 


hies, lamb, veal, eggs, and other small products of the flirm, not 
only enhanced the value of land, hut increased its productive 
power by producing natural fertilizers, so that instead of increase 
of population tending to famine, in connection with good hus- 
bandry it tended to increase of production and more abundant 
means of subsistence. 

That speecli was an illustration of the power and noble aim of 
Dudley C. Haskell, and .-iionld be distributed M-idelv enouoh 
to keep ids memory green in every homestead of the State he 
loved so well and in tlie service of whose people he sacrificed his 
life by unresting toil that exhausted a young giant's vital forces. 

Address of Mr. Tucker, of Virginia. 

Mr. Speaker : When death stills forever the heart of its victim 
calumny and enmity stand silent, partisan and personal animositv 
are hushed, and friendship and charity unite to weave garlands of 
amaranthine flowers for the new tomb, to commemorate the virtues 
and to signalize the immortality of the lamented dead. This House 
meets to-day to pay a merited tribute of honor and respect for our 
departed comrade, Hon. Dudley C. Haskell. 

I knew Mr. Haskell, not from jiersonal intimacy, but from my 
relations to his public service in this House and upon the Com- 
mittee on Wavs and Means during the Fortv-seventh Congress. 
He was a native of Vermont, but in early life sought as his resi- 
dence the new State of Kansas, which came into the Union after 
unusual disturbances of its peace and order during its territorial 
life. Mr. Haskell was an earnest Republican, and no doubt par- 
took somewhat of the intense feelings which had marked the early 
history of Kansas; and these gave decided direction to his politi- 
cal opinions. He was a strong partisan, and yet kind and liberal 
in his personal intercourse with his political opponents. 

I found him on committee very diligent, practical, and earnest 
in all its labors. Decided in his convictions, he had the courage 
whicii they inspire in maintaining his opinions. He took a very 


proiuiiieiit part in tlie last Congress in the debutes in committee 
and in tlic House upon the tariff question, and manifested great 
zeal and industry in the investigation of the faets, statistics, and 
principles which, in his view, should guide the policy of the Gov- 
ernniet upon that very controverted question. 

Upon questions involving the rights and interests of his own 
people, including those of Indians inhabiting the State of Kansa.s, 
he was vigilant and uuliring. He spoke always with great ear- 
nestness and with abilities which were practical, direct, and instruct- 
ive. He was remarkable for great industry, and acquired with 
diligence all the information which in his judgment would reflect 
light upon the subject under discussion. 

In all my relations with him we were friends. No word or ac- 
tion on either part was ever designed, I am sure, to wound the feel- 
ings or to disturb these cordial sentiments ; and with this happy 
retrospect of our friendship I am glad on this occasion to pay this 
brief and imperfect tribute to the public and private integrity, to 
the patriotism and ability of an honored citizen, and to the ])ri- 
vate virtues of my departed friend. He has left an honorable 
public record, the character of au honest and upright man, and the 
memory of private and domestic virtues which will keep his mem- 
ory green in the hearts of the people of his State, of his personal 
friends, and, above all, of his bereaved and loving household. 

Address of Mr. Keifer, of Ohio. 

Mr. Speaker : By the death of Dudley C. Haskell the coun- 
try lost an eminent statesman and this House a valued member. 

It is proper that the ordinary course of legislation should stand 
still, and that we should pause in our own daily course to honor his 
memory, imbibe a lesson from his example in life, and take heed 
from his early death. 

Others will speak of his last hours. I will only attcnq)t to bear 
testimony, in brief words, to his excellent life. 

Savs a famed writer (Johnson) : "It matters not how a man dies, 
but how Ik; lives." 


Mr. Haskell died young and in the full bloom of a useful pub- 
lic life. Born March 24, 1842, he died December 16, 1883, less 
than forty -two years of age. Though of New England parents and 
birtli, lie was at thirteen years of age upon the plains of Kansas, 
and in an essential sense engaged at the beginning of the long and 
bloody battle for human freedom, which ended only after half a 
million of men were slain by the surrender of the insurgent armies 
in 1865. I have heard him speak of standing with his hand in 
his mother's, behind the rude parental habitation in Kansas, when 
but a youth, to avoid the bullets fired by those who sought to carry 
slavery into the fair territory west of Missouri. 

From patriotic, freedom-loving lips of parents and in the fierce 
struggle to stay aggressive slavery in its threatening eiforts to se- 
cure supremacy Dudley C. Haskell early learned heroic lessons 
which guided him through life. He was a volunteer soldier in the 
late war. 

He served three terms in the house of representatives of the State 
of Kansas, the last term as its speaker. He was a distinguished 
public educator. He served tlirce full terms in this House, includ- 
ing the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty-seventh Congresses, 
and he was here, though prostrated on his death-bed, with hopeful 
anxiety to take the oath of oftice and enter upon a term in this 
House to which he had been by his constituents elected. Through 
his friends he besought the Si)eaker to find some justifiable prece- 
dent or constitutional right to go to his bedside and qualify him as 
a member of this House by administering to him the oath pre- 
scribed by law and the Constitution. He had a colleague select 
liim a seat, which lie prayed to be spared to occupy. He, prompted 
by duty to iiis constituents and to his country, besought the privi- 
lege, tlirougli a colleague, to otter a large number of bills he had 
prepared, so that they might go early to committees. His thoughts 
in his last hours were of duty here, though his malady was of a 
kind that caused him much bodily pain. 

Death brought peace and trancpiillity to a busy, restless soul, and 
changed duty on earlh and to his fellow-mun to other and higher 
duties in realms above. 


He WAS a firiii believer m fiod and a bettor life beyond the grave, 
and ho lived an honest, pnre, Christian life, wortliy of oxain|(le to 

He was a man of firm oonvietions and keen ]ieree|)ti()iis of the 
right. He was opjxjsed to slavery, U> polygamy, and to every evil 
that degraded the linman race. He was no fanatic. He gave a 
reason for his belief, and generally found the right one. His san- 
guine temperament gave hira the appearance at times of being hasty 
in reaching and expressing conclusions on grave questions. But 
he was a student, and made his researches patiently and generally 
alone; and when his mind was satisfied he zealously tried to im- 
press his views upon others. He gave little, if any, time to idle 
speculation over important subjects, but preferred by study to ex- 
haust them before he" talked much about them. 

He was temperate in his habits, and only intemperate in his cease- 
less toil. He had little time for social life, not tliat he was averse 
to it, but because he regarded it time lost. Pei'haps more of social 
{•(inimiugling and less of constant application to what he regai'dcd 
his higher dutv would have prolonged his life and his usefnlnoss. 

His great, strong body was too seldom relaxed, and, as a conse- 
quence, physical exhaustion came, followed by death. 

The sum of his work in his six years of Congressional life is great, 
and in point of material usefulness to his country equals the best of 
his colleagues or predecessors. 

In the beginning of the American Congress a member of this 
House represented about 30,000 inhabitants. Mr. Haskell 
received, when elected to the Forty-seventh Congress, 30,758 
votes, and there were cast in his district at the same election 54,495 
votes, representing a popidation of probably 275,000, enough to 
have given above nine Kei^reseutatives in the first Congress. The 
average population of a disti-ict, based on the population of 1880, is 
151, ill 2. 

It is not in the matter of population alone that we find evidence 
-of multiplied duties for members of this House over those of mem- 
bers of earlier days. It is ,more marked in the new, multiplied, 
and diversified interests of the present as compared with those of 


tlio earlier and simpler days of the Republie. The duties of a mem- 
ber now exceed the necessary duties of a member in earlier days so 
much that comparison is hardly possible. His duties then and now 
can more appropriately be placed in contrast than in comparison. 

We look to remote times for the higher types of statesmanship 
because we are too apt to revere, indiscriminately, men and things 
of the past. I believe modern statesmen are purer, abler, harder- 
worked if not wiser men than their predecessors. 

M'hei) ^Ir. Haskiili- was made a member of the Ways and 
Means Committee of this House in the last Congress, he was not 
speciallv familiar with the details of the important business to be 
brought before it, yet when it ended its labors with the C!ongress 
he was master of the subjects before that committee. None excelled 
him. His labors bore fruits which have ripened in the sunshine 
of material progress and have been garnci-ed by a busy, prosperous 
nation. He loved and clung to his wife and children. They loved 
him. Mr. Haskell fell at his post of life's duty. He so lived 
as to be ready and prepared to die. He successfully tried to do his 
duty to his country, his family, and to his God. His body was 
borne from the scene of his toil and public life here to his Western 
home, and buried there with honor in the midst of a people who 
knew, loved, and trusted him. They were proud of him in life; 
he of them. Dead, the}' honor and revere his memory. He fought 
for the rights and liberties of man, and went down in the fore 
front. His whole career blossomed with patriotism and love for 
his fellow-men. He lies buried amcjng a restless, dauntless, am- 
bitious people. This is eminently fitting and proper. 

Let the sound of those he wrought for, 
And the feet of those he fonght for, 
Echo round his bones for evermore. 

And further, in the words of England's laureate : 

Such was he: liis work is done ; 

But while the races of mankind endure, 

Let his great example stand 

Colossal, seen of every land, 
And keep the soldier Hrni, the statesman pure, 

Till in all lands and thro' all human story 

The path of duty be the way to glory. 

26 J^n''K jyj) cirAiiACTEU of Dudley c. iiaskell. 

Address of Mr. McKinley, of Ohio. 

Mr. Speaker : I cannot permit this occasion to ])ass witlioiit 
adding a word expressive of my liigli appreciation of tiie cliaracter 
and (juaiitics of our late associate, and of the deep sorrow I feel in 
conimon with many others at his early and premature death. 

1 knew Dudley C. Haskell well and intimately. We en- 
tered Congress at the same time, seven years ago, and early in our 
service here became friends. This friendship gi-ew warmer, closer, 
and more confiding until the day of his death. Dnring the last 
Congress it was my fortune to be a fellow-member of the same 
committee, and almost daily for months we sat side by side in tlie 
conmiittee room. It was there I came to learn his virtues and ap- 
preciate his high qualities of head and heart. He was a valued 
friend, uuselfish and always manly, and a steady ally in committee 
or on the floor of the House. He was a man <if pure thought and 
lofty purposes, keen perception and clear judgment, whose life was 
helpful to all who came within the circle of his iuflueuce, and whose 
strong individuality impressed itself upon the affairs in which he 
took part. 

He was a man of great integrity. There were no dark corners 
in his character to be hid from sight; his life was an open book of 
rare worth, without blur or defect. His politics, like his religion, 
were born of genuine conviction. He loved liberty, and hated op- 
pression and proscription in every form. He woidd become elo- 
quent and his words glowed with rare fervor in his recital of the 
early struggles of his State for liberty and free government. He 
had convictions and they pierced and possessed his .soul. Tlicy were 
a part of him, and he never lacked the courage lo utter them. H(! 
was a man of steru will and unremitting industry. He never 
spared himself or shirked duty, responsibility, or labor. He was 
an indefatigable worker, often touching the e.\treme limit of physi- 
cal possibilities. He was not only a student but lie was a scholar; 
however, most of his intellectual ecpiipment was self-acquired and 
earned outside of college walls. He never stopped until he had 


mastered the subject iu hand. He built fruiu tlie bottom, digging 
deep, and he always builded well. 

He was a strong debater, with a voice which could penetrate 
every part of this Hall; with great readiness, a commanding pres- 
ence, and a well-stored mind, ho .stood in the front rank of tiie ablest 
and best of his fellow-members. 

In the Forty-seventh Congress he took a high place among his 
associates, and had he been permitted to take his seat in this Con- 
gress he would have stood abreast of those to whom we gladly accord 
the rank of leadership. 

Death claimed him at the very threshold of a great career — at 
the moment when he seemed best prepared for wider usefulness 
and for the achievement of higher triumphs, when he appeared best 
fitted to serve his State and country. But he is gone. Dudley 
C. Haskell is no longer among us, called by a wise Providence 
from this presence. We bow to this decree, pausing only a little 
while to-day, not to question the inscrutible mysteries of that Provi- 
dence or to challenge His ordering, but to pay our last tribute, give 
our heart offerings to oue who in life' we loved and honored, and 
who, though removed from these scenes forever, leaves behind 
naught but memories most pleasing and reflections most instructive, 
and the record of a life the study of which cannot fail to make us 
better citizens, wiser and more faithful re])resentatives of tlie peo- 
ple. His family have lost the devoted husband and the affectionate 
and generous father, his district and State a strong Representative 
on this floor, the country at large a wise and patriotic public serv- 
ant, and all of us a faithful friend and valuable associate. 

Address of Mr. Rice, of Massachusetts. 

Mr. Speaker: Mr. Haskell was born iu Vermont in 1842. 
When he was less than a. year old his father moved to Massachu- 
setts. The father was a strong, energetic, restless man, of that 
peculiar New England type who have carried and planted the 
principles and institutions of the Puritans from Plymouth to Ore- 


o(in. During- tlic ten years lie lived in Massachusetts he was a 
resident in half as many different towns, making his mark in all 
as a man of spirit and vigor but finding a settled home in none. 
At last, in 1853, he canie to North ]5rookfield, a town in my own 
county, then, as now, famous for the manufacture of boots and 
shoos. In that beautiful village, under the shadow of the largest 
boot factory in the world, he rested in his wanderings and faueied 
he had found permanent shelter and home. Dudley attended the 
])ul)]ic .-ehool during its sessions, and worked in the boot factory 
in odd hours and vacations. Pegging maciiines, except of human 
flesh and blood, had not then been invented, and the little fellow 
j)egged brogans made of unbleaciied russet leather for the Southern 
market. He was industrious and earned good wages, but is still 
remembered as sometimes apparently forgetting his work and los- 
ing himself in reverie. He was called absent-minded. Was he 
dreaming of the tiiue when he should stand, the central figure to 
thousands of eyes, uttering words to be read by millions, influen- 
tial in shaping the laws of the Republic, freest and most imperial 
of history? 

With ciiaracteristic enterprise, the lather invested all his re- 
sources in constructing from an abandoned church a four-tenement 
house. It was nearly finished for its new purpose, when, on the 
night of July 4, 1854, it was burned to the ground. The father 
was ruined, financially, by the calamity; to the son it opened the 
career which was to lead on and u]) to the high places of the land. 

In 1851 Kansas was a wilderness. The tide of emigration had 
reached the great rivers; all along its path the struggle had been 
waged, with varying fortune, between the spirit of freedom and of 
slavery. On the borders of the new Territory the rival forces 
nuistered for desperate conflict — shoidd Kansas be slave or free? 
It seemed as if on the answer to that question hung the mighty 
issue whether freedom or slavery should forever rule the Kepublic. 
Far away on the Atlantic coast, Massachusetts watched the conflict 
and essayed her best endeavors that Kansas should be free. An 
ei7iigrant aid association was organized ; Eli Thayer of Worcester 
was its projector, Amos Lawrence of Boston its banker, Charles 


Robinson of Fitchburg its pioneer. A surveying party was sent 
out in the spring of 1854 who selected a site for a city and named 
it Lawrence. In August, 1854, tlie second party of emigrants left 
Worcester under the lead of Charles Robinson ; they were tall 
men and strong; they were inspired by that strange, fierce instinct, 
that love of adventure mingled with devotion to a cause, which has 
impelled the Saxon race westward from the center of Northern 
Europe over ocean and continent, planting everywhere the pillars 
of a civilization higher and stronger than the world had known 

In this company of emigrants was Mr. Haskell, senior. The 
mouth before, all his worldly wealth had vanished in smoke and 
ashes. With undaunted heart he turned his back upon his past, 
his face set towards an unknown and perilous future. I saw him 
that summer afternoon as he commenced his journey for a new 
home and a free one. In one hand he carried his blanket, in the 
other his Sharps rifle. 

He did not return; but, in the following March, Dudley and 
his mother, with another company, joined tiie earlier settlers, and 
found their home in Lawrence. 

The father survived but three years. An elder brother stepped 
into the vacant place, and was to Dudley both brother and father. 
He urged and helped him to study, and thereby fitted him for the 
useful and conspicuous life — all too brief — for which he was des- 
tined. At the age of thirty-four he was the honored Representa- 
tive in Congress of the great State with nearly a million people 
which was an unpopulated wilderness when, a boy of fifteen, he 
first set foot upon its soil. 

First elected to the Forty-fifth Congress, he was prevented by sick- 
ness from taking the oath on the first day of the session. Many 
days later he made his appearance, and we saw for the first time his 
tall, erect, stalwart figure on this floor. 

I can see his face as I saw it then, fixed, earnest, resolved, and 
as I recall it I fancy that I discern that absent, far-away, dreamy 
expression his comrades saw on it w^hen he was a boy. 

From his entrance here lie was a marked man. His command- 


ini;; fijiun! niul jKiworf'nl voice cimhlcd liini to foi-cc liis wav to 
tlie front in tlie !<torniy debates in wliicli he so often took a part. 
Sonietinies in the early part of liis serviee we niifrlit tliink that he 
spoke too often ami with too little forethought, but we soon learned 
that he was sincere and earnest; that he never spoke without an 
honest purpose, and that his very vehemence wsis but the effort of 
his strong but not thoroughly disciplined int<'llect to force its 
thoughts int(( proper and (diisistent |)lirase. No man grew more 
T-apidly than he in confidence, esteem, and influence. He soon 
ceased to be a scout, a skirmishei-, a sharp-shooter, and became a 
leader of the center columns. About him were men, veterans in 
service, who had made party issues, questions of political economy, 
their study for scores of years; others trained and disciplined bv 
the tough contests of professional life, and others polished and re- 
fined by the highest culture of this most cultured age; but among 
them all none were more conspicuous in the great debates of the 
last Congress than this young man of Kansas, who, through an 
unsettled childhood, a destitute orphanage, a hand-to-hand strug- 
gle for bread and a place among his fellows, at forty years seemed 
to have reached Init the beginning of his develo])ment. 

Six brief, Itright years of public service, and, " weary with the 
march of life," he fell — and perished? No, he lives yet — we may 
not say in what other spherc^he lives here, in the memorv of 
what he did, teacher, example, guide to the young men of the 

Without early advantages he did not despond, but constantly 
pressed forward in usefulness and distinction. Engrossed in ex- 
acting occupation, li(> never (iirgot the wife and children who loved 
him for his unseKish, iinreniitting tlioughtfulness and care. Poor, 
wanting many things, sometimes hardlv pressed, he was always 
honest; no bribe ever crossed his hand, no thought of illicit gain 
ever sullied his pure and upright manhood. 

lie was ambitious. Let us not deny it. " He bore the Ijunuer 
with the strange device, excelsior." Let us not blame, but 
him for it. Ambition is one of God's best srifts to men. It forces 
them out of low surroundings, out of ignorance and sloth, into the 


liiglier sunlight oil the hills. It has its victims. De Long, dying 
ill the snow, was one ; Gordon, going alone to the succor of outly- 
ing posts of civilization, may be another; but the world is better 
for them ; it builds temples to their memory, sacred places wherein 
we worship and give thanks that patience, heroism, and high as- 
|)ira(ion are still omnipotent in the soul of man. Haskell was 
ambitious to serve well and deserve much. He accomplished his 
wish, but in doing it he assumed burdens he could not carry long. 
Fallen in his prime, we mourn fur iiim as a friend ; but we are 
jiroiid of him as another example of what can be done in this free 
land, in self development anil advancement, by those who will and 

Address of Mr. RusSELL, of Massachusetts. 

Mr. Speaker : We pause from our legislative duties to-day to 
pay homage to no ordinary man. 

Dudley Chase Haskell, the (]c])arted statesman, whose loss 
tlic whole countrv deeply inciurus, possessed qualities of head and 
heart which commanded respect and admiration, not only at his 
home and in his State, where he was longer known, but in this 
arena which so severely tries and tests all men. 

Mr. Speaker, I.eanuot claim an intimate acquaintance with Mr. 
Haskell, as I saw but little of hiui in the private walks of lite ; 
but born as he was in my native State, Vermont, I had a watchful 
interest and natural pride in his public career. In the Forty-sixth 
Cono-ress I only knew him as a ready and fearless debater on the 
floor of the House. The earnestness with which he espoused every 
great cause that came before Congress impressed his associates that 
he was interested and actuated by conscientious motives. A most 
striking illustration of this is his brilliant and powerful speech in 
the first session of the Forty-seventh Congress, in which he so ably 
discussed and denounced in such scathing terms that wicked sys- 
tem of polygamy, which has so long tarnished and disgraced our 
national reputation. 

In the last Congress, where we were thrown together in the 


Committee on Ways and Means, I lpc<anic iiitiniate witli liim. I 
saw him wrestle dav Ity day for several weeks, witli all the power 
and enthusiasm of his nature, with that great eetmomie |)r()blem — 
the tariff. This committee, owing to the short time it had to re- 
vise the work of the Tariff Commission, gave no public hearings, 
which forced the representatives of the numerous interests to be 
atfeetwl by tariff legislation to seek personal interviews with the 
members of the committee. The daily attendance of members at 
the sessions of the committee and House necessitated those inter- 
views at the homes of the members, which tended to leugtiien the 
days and shorten the nights, testing their physical rapacity almost 
bevond endurance. It was this long and incessant labor which 
laid, it is believed, the foundation of an illness from which Mr. 
Haskell never recovered. He was untiring in his labors, and 
appeals to him to investigate the facts in relation to any interest 
touched by the bill then under consideration were never thrust 
aside; but his readiness to undertake and his capacity to under- 
stand were a marvel to all who caiiie in contact with him. 

As a representative from au agricultural State; he occupied a 
somewhat advanced position on the question to which he devoted 
the last days of his Congressional life. Rut having spent his 
earlv life in Xew England, where he awpiired his education, and 
where he had seen so fully illustrated the benefits and advantages 
of the protective tariff system, he espoused that cause, and ever 
after supported it with all his power, believing that it was not only 
for the best interest of his own State but for the whole country. 

Tiie bill which he helped to formulate in committee and so ably 
defended and advocated on the floor of the House became a law, 
and Congress adjourned. Rut that did not bring to Mr. Has- 
KKIJ. needed rest. Having a somewhat doidjting constituency he 
devoted a large part of his vacation to carrying on, in ]iublic 
meetings and in print, the tariff discussion. Tims deprived of 
the ojjportunity to regain his wasted energies, when he came to 
Washington in November to resume his duties he was broken in 
health. Though he gradually failed after his arrival, neither his 
phvsician nor his immediate; friends anticipated so sudden an end. 


He passed silently and ])eacefully away in tlie early dawn of Sun- 
day, tlie lOtli of December. The pnhlie liad had no warning and 
were both shocked and surprised at his deatii. 

This Ijreai'iing up of strong men is a sutHcient answer to the 
jjopular dehision tiiat a Congressman's life is one of pleasure and 
idleness. If one yields to the demands of legislative duties and 
to tiie various ap[)eals of his constituents it will most thoioughlv 
test tiie ability and physical endurance of the strongest. 

Mr. Haskell's life, though short in years, was large in accom- 
])lishmout. He had served his country in the Arniv, his State 
with distinction as legislator, as speaker of the house, and in Con- 
gress for six years. To our limited view it would ajipear that at 
this early age, forty- one years, he was cut down at the thresliold 
of his greatest usefulness. 

In the presence of a higher wisdom and pi.wer we wonder, we 
regret, and reverently submit. If he was to be removeil from us, 
I was glad of the privilege to be ww to bear his remains to their 
last resting-place, and accom|)any that bereaved and stricken flunilv 
to their small but beautiful cottage on that eminence overlooking 
the city of the living so long his home, and the city of the dead 
where he was laid. 

There was something especially pleasant and attractive ai)out the 
homestead he had provided for his family, and it seemed now tit- 
ting that it was situated next adjoining that of his older brother, 
his only surviving relative, between whom and himself there had 
always existed the most intimate and devoted attachment. The 
widow and the fatherless children may here live under the protect- 
ing shadow of their remaining staff, a brother's pnitecting care. 

The love for our deceased fellow-member and the esteem in 
which he was held in the commtmity in which he lived were shown 
by the general suspension of business and the draped private and 
|)ublic buildings on the day of his l)urial. 

Mr. Haskei^l's true ('hristian character was not only appre- 
ciated and understood by his neighbors and the church to which 
he belonged but was known and felt by all who came within liis 

H. Mis. 46 3 

.•^4 /.///■.' (v/i i'/i.ii;.i'Ti:i; or urin.KY c iiasi<i:i.i.. 

Tlioiitili (iiir IVicnd liMs pa^scil ;nv:iy, liis piu'c ami iiprijilit pi'i- 
vate and ])ul)]i(' liU,' imist leave an inflnenee fiirf^ood, and liis ra))id 
advancement and l)rilliant career may bean inspiration to tlie young 
men of liis State and tiic country. 

In Mr. Haskell's death tiiis Congress has lost an able mem- 
ber, the country a broad and jirotiiTssive statesman, Kansas one of 
her largest-minded and noblest citizens, the widow a true and fond 
husband, the childnMi a devoted aivl loving father. 

Mr. 8j)eakcr, since we were selected from the peo|)lc for this Con- 
gress seven of our number have been called to that undiscovered 
country whence no traveler returns. Certainly we are not without 
admonition or warning of the uucartainty of human life and that 
the grim messenger, Death, is no respecter of persons nor waits 
any allotted length of life. 

Address of Mr. BuRNKS, of Missouri. 

Mr. Speaker: Dudley C. Haskell was my neighbor. His 
late constituents are neighbors of ni}- constituents. Just across 
the mightiest and longest river on this continent he lived from 
boyhood to middle-age under my observation. 

I cannot hope on this occasion to express satisfiictorily the height 
or depth of ray appreciation of his pure and exalted character, but 
silence would be a disappointment to the good people I have the 
honor to represent and an injustice to my State. A wide divergence 
in political sentiment creates no prejudice against the ])osscssor of 
high personal integrity and profound moral worth. 

Every intellect ])cr]ia])s is dr)minated by some ideal man who 
exists and can only exist in the imagination. Outward circum- 
.stances and surroundings reduce the ideal at lust to the practical, 
and myriad Utojiias are forever abandoned and uncolonized. Mr. 
Haskelt, had ideals and ideals, but he was never a dreamer. He 
.sought not a limit in the limitless, a period in eternity, an eternity 
in human achievement. He believed in creation, but it was in 
the creation of labor, genius, and activity, ^\'ith him speech was 


for liu-Iit ■iiul culiuiitciinient ; and lie lu'ld it vain and meaningless 
unless accompanied by constant, earnest work for tlie benefit and 
elevation of mankind. When Omnipotenee determined upon the 
wonderful creations in, above, and around us, everything re((uired 
time and labor save ligiit. Tliis He spake into existence by tlie 
divine command, "Let there be light!" 

Mr. Haskell, was at once a believer and a worker. He be- 
lieved in God and in labor also; in everything that was true and 
beautiful, and in every good work. He believed in his State and 
loved her. He believed in his people, and confided in and trusted 
them without reserve. He believed in his home, and made it, for 
himself and all its loved inmates, the holiest, happiest place on 
earth, loved and prized away above and beyond all the glamour 
and fiscination with which the world allures. He believed in and 
loved the sunset, for he had seen it in Kansas, as it is seen no- 
where else on the earth, reflected back through the golden Ixiwels 
of the Rocky Range. ^ 

He was essentially the growth and product of Kansas. Born in 
a State which has been said to be the best in the Union to emi- 
grate from, he carried with him to his new home on the banks of 
the Kaw all the sturdy elements of the New England character, 
whose groundwork is faith, patience, and perseverance. When 
scarcely ten years old he heard the whispered words of preparation 
for the historic struggles that drove African slavery from Kansas 
and added Ad nMra per aspera to the Federal constellation. He 
had seen the assault, the charge, and the torch in his beantifid city 
of Lawrence; and further on had heard in the streets the murder- 
ous shouts of Quantrell and his demoniac legion I'ioting in the 
innocent blood of a hundred victims. Had he not been a C'liris- 
tian scenes like these might have made him a revengeful monster; 
but when the excitement was over, kneeling reverently in the 
midst of the dead and dying, if his lips did not utter, his heart 
res])onded to God, even in that terrible hour of death and ruin, 
" Father, forgive them; they know not what they do." 

He was the growth and product of Kansas ; he was more. He 
was thoroughly Western and American besides. Anything that 

;((1 /.//••/•; AMI iii\i;a(II:i: nr niin.i.y c ii 

mail hail f\fy ilmir li'' lidicxcd llial man Cdiilil slill ilii. Scll-IT- 
liaiil aliiiii-t tci raslincs.s, lie ik'v<t lifsitatcd in tlii' liiu^ of duly in 
leacli out fur tlie jjossible. His iiivustiiration of a siii)ject riidid 
only ill its mastery. To obscure or eonf'use it was alike iinpossililc 
and iiiiiiceessary. He was ainliitioiis, and liad a rit;lil In lie In 
pnlilie life lie found a restless yet faseinatinn' pleasure. Success 
atleixled liiin. To the honors of eollen'iate laiiiir were soon adile(l of his State and eoiinlry. Worthily won, they were honor- 
ably worn. Aeliieved by honest merit, tiiey were enlarifed ami 
burnisiied liy honest toil and |)atriotie sacrifices. The trusts re- 
posed in him were sacredly execnteil. His ])led<::ed word was in- 
violate. His j)olitieal honor, equally with his personal honor, he 
kept sacred and spotless. True, brave, and steadfast^, hisaeipiaint- 
aiices became his friends, and the latter were iiinltiplied. His 
constituents followed him with ))ride. He was fit to lead. His 
arguments in this forum were repeated to them without evasion or 
ajtology. Frank and honest with Jiis])eople, he could but be frank 
and honest with his colleag'ues on this floor. Seeking to represent 
faitiifully his district and State, ]w yet had less of the laudiblesel- 
fisiiness of local or geographical interests tiian any of his compeers, 
and was never unmindful of the trreat duties he owed to liic whole 
country. He studied and toiled and struggled. Thorough in 
investigation, accurate in detail, logical in argiunent, and often elo- 
quent in ap])licati()n and conclusion, he grew strong in <lebate, and 
advanced toward the leadci'sliip of his partv. He was becoming 
a giant. 

Elected a member of this Congress, his res])onsil)ilities were en- 
larged bv the general I'ecogiiition of" his iiiicllcciual power. He 
seemed to I'calize the tiict, and prepared himself to meet il. Xo 
command of his physicians, no a])peal of his anxious friends, could 
swerve him from what he believinl to be the path o'' duty. He 
believed the mind should dominate the body, whatever the stress 
or strain. He had thought much upon legislation, and s;i\v, or 
thought he saw, the work of his hands in former Congresses about 
to be reviewed by his political adversaries. The sharp, keen con- 


flict of mind with iniiiil and .-iystcni \\ itli system was already be- 
fiii'e his eyes. He saw tlie cdmini; all-night vigils, and the glare 
and heatof the fierce onset — tlie thrust, tlieparry, and the parliamen- 
tary blow. The tunuilt ofaetion and cheers of victory resounded 
in his ears as, unconsciously, his vital for(« was departing, pitifully 
(iiiiinous of tile end. At iiis post of duty, overtaxed and overbur- 
dened by the peculiar exactions of Congressional life in this House, 
the lamented Haskei.f,, liUe many another, died a martyr to his 
moral convictions of oHi<Mal oliliiiatioii. 

His life, in all of its relations, was singidarly pure, winning, and 
lovable. As a neigidwr, not adrop of Levitical blood was ever lodged 
in his veins. As a Christian, he was the same on the street as at the 
altar; on the lastsix days of the weeU as on the first. He reverenced 
his lu)nored parents, and ever rendered them a cheerful obedience. 
I lis tenderness and unselfish love for his true and faithful wife 
gicw into conjugal idolatry ; and his absolute devotion to his gifled 
brotlier marked every word and act of his life. "Sir," said an old 
fVicnd of the family, on the day of the funeral, "the father must 
have oft rei)eated to his sons thi fal)le of the old man and the bun- 
dle of sticks, for never have I known l)rothers so loving and de- 
voted to each iither as John and Dudley Haskell." Whatadivine 
panegyric upon both I 

Sir, there was no drought of tears in Kansas when your commit- 
tee tenderly deposited the remains of DrDi.EY C. Haski:ll in 
r the warm and generous bosom of his beloved Commonwealth. 
Every home wore the emblems of a tearful bereavement; from 
every eye fell pearly drops of sympathy, and in every heart was 
a throb of love for the living and the dead. Thus the grave closed 
over him beneath "an arch of steel." 

The twill homes, side by side, on the limits of the beautiful and 
historic city of Missouri's neighboring sister, are sorely stricken. 
Not niort'thc head of one than the light of the other, and the love 
of both, he is alreadv seated in a higher congress than this, over 
which Jesus, our Saviour, in love and mercy unerringly presides. 


Address of Mr. Browne, of Indiana. 

To our roll-call, Mr. Speaker, Dudley C. II.\ski:i.i. no longer 
answer*. He will meet us in council no more. His very silence 

a liiioiiislics us tliat our days are cr(i\v(l<'(l witli shitows, that joy 
palls, hope /iiisleails, and that 

Lifo is but a walking ,sIi;h1o\>'. 
It (caches US tiic lesson of tolerance and liuiiiilily, I'cliukes our 
pride, ])oiuts us from a faded past, and bids us hope the glowiug 
radiance of a future life. 

My aixjnaintancc with Haskell began with the Forty-lifth 
Congress. We entered that Congress together, and from that time 
until his death, a period of seven eventful years, I was an almost 
daily witness of the ability and courage which he brought to the 
discharge of his oflicial duties. When he took his seat in this body 
111' was a young man of Ijut thirty-five, in vigorous health, with 
niiiscle hardened by the athletic games and s])orts of his college 
days, the hardships of a camp life, and the activities of an exacting 
business. Among all his associates of the House none seemed to 
have a firmer hold or a longer lease on life. He appeared to be 
one whom Fate had reserved for a bright and useful manhood. 

But he was called to rest as he wa.s being fidly equipped for 
labor. His life ended before its work had fairly begun ; but short 
as was his cancer it had <lemonstratcd a capacity for usefulness and 
gave promise of an illustrious future. When Death called him he 
was not 

All ii)il man, lirnUcii witli tlie Nim-iiis of state, 
but was in the vigor of a just riixning manhood. It came when 
the heart beat high, when ambition wa- on the wing, when coming 
vears were glowing with hrightiie-s. 

All! what is liinnan litV ? 

How, like thr dial's larilv iiioviii;; sliaiie, 

Day after day slides IVoiy us iiiipeieeived ! 

Tlic (1111111111; liii^itive i.s swift by stealth ; 

Tiki subtle is the luoveiiieiit to be .seen ; 

Yrl soon the lioiir is up, and weave ^oiie. 


Public men have sometimes livc<l too long, lived until the weak- 
nesses of age entrapped them into a mistake that obscured the rec- 
ord of their earlier achievements; but he of whom we speak died 
all toosoou. His resources had never been fully brought out. He 
had not been permitted- to gather wiiat he had sown, nor had he 
wrought a full day of labor. He had not attained the fullness of 
his intellectual growth. Before the opportunity came for bringing 
out his highest rapabilitics he was gone, and the world now can 
only measure him by the work he has letl behind him. In the 
luunble tribute I pay his memory to-day I will retijr briefly to some 
of his traits of character as they impressed me during my ac([uaint- 
ance with him in this body, but the most I know of him I learned 
from the friends of his youth and of his manhood, whose eyes moist- 
ened and whose lips quivered as they gave me the story of his life. 

Before coming here Haskell had served with distinction in the 
general assembly of his State, and was well trained in the methods 
of legislative proceedings. He was from the beginning of his Con- 
gressional career recognized as among the foremost (jf his party. 
As an evidence of the estimate put on his ability by those with 
whom he served, he was assigned places upon the most important 
committees of the House. He was equal always to the duties he 

In debate Haskell talked well. He seldom wandered from his 
subject, and never fell below the level of the occasion. He was of 
a robust and well-disciplined mind, and capable of striking vigor- 
ous blows for what he believed to be right. In the declaration of 
his opinions he was bold and frank, and he maintained his views 
with great zeal. Of an activeand aggressive temperament, he some- 
times asserted his convictions with an earnestness that seemed dic- 
tatorial, but he was ever unconscious of a purpose to offend. San- 
guine as he was he kept his temper under good control, and was 
seldom, even in the fiercest debate, betrayed into an offensive or 
intem[>erate expression. He asserted himself with much positive- 
ness, and was unwilling to seek success through concession or sur- 
render. To him doubts were traitors, and h(^ never allowed them 

40 /.//'/' I.V/' ( IIMIMTEI! OF UrilLKV C. IIASKKI.I.. 

to eiitci' llir (IdiiKiin i>t' liis liclicls. He \v;i-^ (|iii<'k in llioiiiilil :iiicl 
|ir(iiii|it ill ncliiiii. 1 lis was 

The; keen 8]piiit 

Tliiit seizes the. jiroiiiiit occasion — iii;il<('s tln' ll ^lit 

St;iit into instant a<^tion, and at once 
I'lans anil luTl'orins, icsoIvcm and executes. 

He was a workir. His was a o;enius that mil only liinii-licd its 
"(iwii t'licijiiit liuiitcil its own tiru." He nrviT allnwcil iiis cncroiL's 
to staijnatc. 

Tliosc of ns wliii served witli iiiiii in the l'^ll■tv-seventll ('(in- 
gress will not soon f'ol'o-et hnw, thr(iiii;h the weary days of the tarill' 
and revenue diseussion, iieeanie every niornintr to the contest with 
his armory full of weapons both offensive and defensive. Hi.-. 
nio;iits were devoted to stmly, his days to work. When the House 
adjourned he became a learner ; when it met he was a teaeber. To ine 
it seemed tliat he Iiad mastered tiie minutest detail of tiie complex 
measure under consideration. Tiie fullness of his information, the 
exactness ()f his kiiowledj^e of every liramli nf the sulijeet, was a 
snr])rise to all who did not know his inllexilile purjmse and un- 
tiring energy. 

It is more than probable that tiiese labors so severely taxed his 
]ihvsieal resources as to hasten his deatli; but as man's life-work is 
all lie lias to front eternity with, it is no cause for sorrow that the 
deatli wound is received on the field of duty. To kiinw a man's 
real character, to pass correct judgment on his inner lift — his lite 
of motive, of affection, of devotion to duty — we must learn in 
what esteem he is held by those who have in prosjierity and adver- 
sitv seen bis dailv walk and eoii versa! ion. Ijoth adversity and 
pros|)eritv trv the forces of man's s])iritnal nature. H.\ski:i,i. 
had seen both; had been depressed by the one and eiieoiii-ageil 
and comforted iiv the other. On the one hand liu^iiH--s mi-for- 
tunes had overtaken him, while on the other political prcfi'rment — 
through the cxju'cssiou of a people's eonH<leiiee — had crowned him 
with honor. 

.\t everv step he had been ( iinfVonted b\- a dill\' rei|iiirilig for it~ 


performance a courageous manhood, and liis neiglibors wlio liad 
witnessed these struggles bore cheerful testimony to their raanfnl- 
ncss. His (lays wore not all calm and bright ; clouds gathered 
over them and shrouded them in shadow and darkness; but, sfand- 
iiiti' within these shadows, he took the measure and method of 
tiio world's selfishness, felt the full force of the disaster that re- 
duced liim and his loved ones to the verge of poverty, but tiiroiigh 
it all his integrity and uprightuess of character were not tor a 
moment under a cloud. Ho never made money a god ; never 
veteranized in the war for gold or became soul-scarred in the 
scramble for wealth. It )>ecanie my .sad duty, under the direc- 
tion of this House, to accompany those who bore his remains to 
the citv of his home, to the peo])le among whom he had long 
lived and labored, and by whom he had been four times chosen 
a Representative here. The grief of his people was unmistak- 

A largelv-attended public meeting of the citizens of Jiawrence 
and surrounding country liad met and given suitable expression of 
their .sorrow for the loss of their honored fellow-c:itizen. The 
city was draped in mourning, and, as was said of Mirabeau, the 
people crowded "about the house of their tribune as if to catch 
inspiration from his coffin." In ids death some had lost a coun- 
.selor, some a leader, all a frientl. The funeral services were held 
in the church in which he had been for years a worshiper, and 
here those who had wrought with him in the church and the Sab- 
bath-school spoke feelingly and eloquently of the purity of his 
life and his faithfulness to every Christian duty. 

H.\SKELL was an active worker in the church and a firm be- 
liever in th'e gospel of Jesus of Nazareth. His pastor and liis 
colaborers spoke of his life as a lovely example of Christian 
puritv, and <in(; that was in the highest and best loyal to its 
professed faith. His faith in the Christian system was deep and 
abiding; it was the anchor to his hope of the life eternal. To him 
a confession of unbelief was a wail of |win and despair. He had 
an undoubting fiiith in man's immortality. To the incjuiry of the 


iiatriai-rli, '• If a man dir, shall lie live a<:aiir.'" lie wmiM have 
answerod : 

Shall I be li'ft l'i)i-;;(>tteii in tin; dust, 

Wheu Fate, rek^ntiiif;, lots the flower revive? 
Shall Nature's voice, to man alone iiiijiist, 

Bid him, th<)Mi;h dooin'd to perish, liope to live? 

Is it for this fair Virtue oft must strive 
With disappoiutmeiit, peL'iiry, and pain ? 

N >! Heaven's immortal spring; sliall yet arrive, 
And man's niaj<'stio beanty bloom again 
Hright tlironj;li tli' eternal yi'ar of trinnipliant rciftn. 

But lii.s mute lips «iu send us no message. He has jjassed 
throuo-li tlie gates and is solving the great mystery. One who 
went before him said : 

It cannot be that earth is man's only abiding-place. 

It cannot be that life is a bubble east n[i by the ocean of eternity to float a 
moment npon its waves and sink into nothiuguess. 

Else why these high and glorious aspirations which leap like angels from 
the temple of our hearts, forever wandering uusatistied ? Why is it that the 
rainbow and clouds come over with .a beauty that is nut of earth and theit 
pass olf to leave us to muse on their loveliness ? Why is it that the stars hold 
their festival around the midnight throne or set above the grasp of our limited 
faculties, forever mocking us with their unapproachable glory ? 

And, finally, why is it that the bright forms of human beanty are presented 
to our view and taken from us, leaving the thousand streams of our ati'ections 
to flow back in Al[>ine torrents upon our hearts? 

We were born for a higher destiny thau earth. 

There is a realm where the rainbow never fades, where the stars spread out 
before us like the islands that slumber on the ocean, and where the beautiful 
tilings that pass before us like shadows will stay forever in our presence. 

In this beautiful fiiith Haskeli- lived and died. 

Some in this day, I know, regard the term " Christian states- 
man " as one of reproach, but I am glad to know that in political 
life there are, oftener than men think, grand characters, who, 
through tin' l>liiiding glare of wealth and glamour of temptation, 
can see (i<A and follow Ilim, :ind who, above the angry alterca- 
tions of scheming and ambitious partisans, al)ove the tumult of 
the mol) that would cnicity truth ami deify falsehood, can iiear 
(iod calling to duty and courageously dbcy ITim. 


As I conversed with his neighbors I found the loveliness of 
Haskei,i/s domestic life the theme of every tongue. To make 
his family circle bright and joyous was his uppermost desire. To 
him affection was not simply a name and love a mere passion of 
tlie hour, but he ever wore the image of his wife and children, 
like beautiful flowers, next his heart. He filled his cottage home 
with smiles and melody, and even in the fierce tumult of his {polit- 
ical struggles that quiet little home among the forest trees was the 
goal of his earthly joys ami hopes. It was the Mecca to which his 
heart made constant pilgi'image. That home, once so light and 
joyous, is darkened now. The angel of death has shadowed it with 
his wing and turned it into a house of mourning. And now, Mr. 
Speaker, as we pay tribute to the memory of the dead we may pause 
and send a message of sympathy to the widowed wife and orphaned 
children who are stricken by an incurable grief. The place that 
was hallowed by a father's and husband's presence is silent and sad, 
and that broken and bereaved family, in agonizing tears, stand by 
a fresh-made grave. But tiie weaty body, broken by disease, lies 
where no storm can disturb it. The wrecked bark rides at anchor 
without a disturbing wave. 

A throng of people — friends, neighbors, and strangers — followed 
the hearse of their honored dead to the beautiful cemetery close by 
the city. I was one of that sad cortege. It was a drear December 
day when, with bowed heads and sad hearts, we lowered his body 
to its final abode. His grave was made on a gentle knoll, in sight 
of his cottage and overlooking the steepled city. On it the morn- 
ing sun will rise and eveningtwilight fade. There the hand of affec- 
tion will plant the rose and the myrtle. As the years go by the stars 
will shine upon it and the gloom of the nights that>are starless robe 
it in blackness. The winter winds will shriek above it, and in the 
spring-time the melody of the bird-song and the perfume of the flow- 
ers will environ it. There in the solemn calm of the grave we left 
him to await the call of the ano-els. 

44 till' -i.v/' ifi.ti!.irri:r; or uriii.r.v c. iiaskei.i.. 

Address of Mr. Belford, of Colorado. 

Mr. SrEAKKli: Aiiiiiiiij; llic sweet legends of tlie past we Icn-n 
i)f two isliuids located in an nTd<ni)\vii sea. Tlie one was called the 
island of llic livinij, and the ollici- lliat nfliic dead. Into (lie Inr- 
Mier death nesxT could enter. Its city was resplendent witli 
licantv, and in its i;-ardeiis anil parks no flower lost its flush, no 
vioht its hne, and no lily was evt'r luiinhed liy the hard hand 
of frost. But disease was allowed to visit it> inhabitants. They 
were hle.-^t with the attrihiitcs of immortality, yet cursed with the 
infirmities of liiiniaiiity. There was immense wealth in this island, 
and all the festivities and festoons that it couM afford. There were 
drum-heats of glory, and the whirls of the dance, and the soft lute- 
tones of gayety. But the inhabitants of this island wearied of its 
joys and activities and sought re|vose lieneath the shadows of th<' 
island of death. Sleep had taught them that tluu-e might lie a sur- 
cease from sorrow ;uid that tiie weary lind)s and tired sonls might 
somewhere find repose. They constructed their harks and entering 
on their uncertain voyage struck for the shores of thi' other isle and 
R'aching them were at rest. 

Does not this legend typify the relations of those who dwell in 
the aiHials of time to those who rest in the realms of eternity? 
The weariness of life inspires the enjoyment of death, and Ham- 
let expressed but an instinctive fear when he declared in his s(jlilo- 
(juy that we must not fly from the bunlens of to-day to the uncer- 
tainties that might occur to-mori'ow. "That which is universal 
cannot be an evU." 

The dread of deatli is but an aiumal iustiuet. The falling of 
the leaf is death; tlie withering of the flower is death; the chang- 
ing of the foliage in thc^ forest is death. 

The wrinkles on our faces, the increasing gray in our hair, are 
but the indications of the coming of the great Master who gives 
us, repose. Mis hand, after all, is soft as the dews of the morning. 
Kven the condemned in his prison eats a he;irty meal .and sleeps 

.H)Diii:ss (IF MI!. j!i:iF(UH>. nr colouado. 45 

qiiietlv tin' iiiiilit that pi-eceilus his execution. It is iint death that 
is terrihle, hiit it is tiie separation from friends, the inahiiity to 
eiinverse with those tiiat are liere and those that have departed. 
Dvini^ is hut a disappearing mist from the crest of tlie mountain, 
to he followed by the sunshine of a better life. Oh, what a mys- 
terv is tiiis art t)f living! Is it not greater than the mystery of 
(lying? Does one bring more hearty anxieties and solieitudes 
than the other? 

The field of infinite and inniieasnrable s])aee into which we drift 
is but the domain of naked conjecture. Hut here we have the 
substance where the cactus and poisonous weeds grow and flourish. 
How manv shi])s with full sails go out into the bosom of tlie ocean 
only to return battered and worn! How many hearts commence 
life joyful and gladsome, to afterwards lieat irn-gular ticks, like a 
clock out of time! How many things there might have l>cen for 
which the hungry heart sighed and failed to acquire! 

Then; are manv faces in early life gladdened with the joyance 
of hope and courage, and yet we have seen their smiles fade Into 
gloom and sink below the horizon. Does this life, after all, fur- 
nish us with anvthing but hope inspired and hope disappointed? 
When we contemjilate the problem which each of us must solve 
cannot we realize that our departed brother is folded in the i-ealm 
of eternal kindness, and has escaped the per[)lexities with which 
we are aunoved, and that he is looking upon this world without 
the red rust of tears that we notice in each other's eyes. M'e 
vainlv struggle to reach and measure the deep things hidden from 
our mortal sense. We seek to count the stars, but the most of 
them arc out of our telescopic view, and our dull and stupid souls 
do not know the deep things that are hidden from us. There is 
but one sure platform on which we can stand, and that is this: 
" That God has chosen for the best." 

The aching heart and the sorrowful soul look forward to a 
sweet "Bv-and-bye," where a pure ideal of what they might have 
been may be realized, and the faults that debased us here may be 
])urged and corrected there; where the drooping flower of this 
life may be the erect and stalwart of the ages to come ; where the 

4fi /.//■'/■.' ,1X1) iinuMTEi! OF iirniFA c. 1 1. IS! hi: 1. 1,. 

crooked ways of this world may l)i' made the straight ones in the 
next; wiidre the sorrows that shroud the weary soul here may he 
illuminated liy the Eternal Sun that will make them res|)lcndont 
foi'ever, and that every eye gazing upon them will jx'rceive tiiat 
flie liiz:ht of God's eonntenanee shines tliroui^ii each soul, and will 
ultimately make it beautiful and serene. Tliis is no vain hope, 
because it is the harbinger nnd sunset of the millennium, whose 
arch and s])an are made up of tlu; promise of beauty and rest. 

Dudley C. Haskell was great and noble-hearted ; his thoughts 
and his deeds blended together like the notes that spring from the 
various strings of a harp. He was courageous and manly in de- 
bate, and wise and judicious in council. He was atfable in his 
manners, loving, trustful, and honest in all his associations. In his 
experience he had learned and felt the sentiments expressed bv the 
German poet : 

Who never knew misfortune. liTed bnt lialf ; 

Who never wept, ne'er heiirfily flirt lan<;h: 

Who never failed, could scarce have striven and wroujiht ; 

Who never doubted, hardly could have thought. 

Through the gradations of labor and poverty he readied this 
House. He was a conspicuous member on its chief committee and 
devoted the energies of his mind and the honesty of his heart lo 
revise those great laws which affect the industrial interests of the 
Republic. His lips were too white to utter a lie and his hands too 
pure to accept a bribe. Why a man thus constituted should in 
the heyday of his youth have been garnered by the harvester 
Death passes my comprehension. I feel, and I contemplate tiic 
event, like Schiller felt when he wrote his poem entitled " The 
Battle," and wherein he exclaimed: 

Brothers, tiod graut when this life is o'er, 
. In the life to come that we meet once more. 

Oh, how mournful arc the groans that echo from ihc cliiiinbei's ot' 
death! Of all tiie sad notes wiiiclt human ears have liearil are the 
death-notes that accompany the departure of our friends. 

He was plucked from us in the very spring-time of his days, with 

.IVDHESS of MB. BELVORT), OF €01.011, iDO. 47 

(he pulses of thought strong, vigorous, and clear. Is Nature in 
conihination with human souls to enal)le them to reach the height 
of perfection in the blush and bloom of their youth and vigor"? How 
enchantingly the rainbow of future promise must have appeared to 
him, and with what endearment he must have embraced the proph- 
ecies of the future. It is inexpressibly sad to witness the scissors of 
death severing the threads that bind the human soul to this earth, 
where so much joy and bliss are found. What hopes are crushed ; 
what anticipations are frosted ? But is it not a compensation that 
in the grav(> our rest is undisturbed? Xo sorrow, no slander, no 
venom, and no temptation can touch us then. The ocean that sep- 
arates this world froiu the next no human eye can penetrate. Tiie 
shadow of the future is on the shore of the present, and what lies 
in that shadow no soul can tell. Oh, how sweet it would be if on 
this ocean that divides time from eternity, and on which souls are 
the ships of passage, we could freight these spiritual vessels with 
messages of love to that " bourne from which no traveler returns! " 
We would send letters fragrant wMth the supremest aifectious of the 
human soul. W^e would send bouquets of flowers as beautiful as 
those that first appeared in the garden of Paradise. But we simply 
grasp the air and find our hands empty. We look at the .sea and 
find it is shoreless. We speak to the departing messenger and find 
that to his hands we can consign no commission. My dear, de- 
parted friend, let me express in the language of one of the world's 
greatest men and sweetest poets my own sentiments : 

Fare thee well, oh. thou to niomnry dear, 

By our blessings lulled to slumbers sweet; 
Sleep on calmly in thy prison drear, 

Sleep on ealnily till again we meet. 

Till the loud almighty trumpet sounds, 

Echoing through these corp3e-encuuil)ered hills; 

Till God's storm-wind, bursting through the bounds 
Placed by Death, with life those corpses fills. 

Till, impregnate with Jehovah's blast, 

Graves bring forth aud at His menace dread. 

In the smoke of planets melting fast. 
Once again the tombs give up their dead. 

48 /•//■'/•; iM> ( ii.\i AcTKi; of hi iii.i:y <■. ii ish/:ij.. 

W'lial a w Miiili'i-lnl siiilit we -liall snmc tiiiK' sec wlicn llic i^rral 
oi' the cartli arc all j;atlirri'(l ilicrc; wlirii the lainvis nt' vic((irv aii<l 
tlic cypress of defeat are iiilert\\iiie(l widimit (lie sliiriilcst rei;;ret. 
In the sweeter time to colilc, when the lilnssuiiis all lilmini ami the 
iiiliriuities of tliis life lie fiir;;dtteM, we will realize that the soul is 
the Jewel of all thiiii;s, and that the cireiinistances which encoiiipass 
lis here simply tend to hrigliteii an<I hnrnisii it; that the oilii'e of 
the shadow is to intensity the siiidi<:;lit. And if there is nltimatelv 
to lie a jierfectibility of the hiiiiiaii soul, we will he across the river 
what we might have been here. 

< 111, what is (k'uth hut a reliirth into that lar<i;er life where we <jo 
on fiii-c\'er! Who can measure the eoinjiass of onr existence? We 
come here withont our consent, and depart withont lieiiiL'' eoiisidted. 

Is it possilile thai our rest is to come in the hosoni of the planets 
that illumine the sky? Are w'e to realize ultimately that the sun 
which warms the earth with its heat and makes the grass grow in 
its vigor and greenness is l)ut a typt! of the Heavenly Father who 
connts the nnmber of onr hairs and notes the dropping of a sparrow ? 
These, indeed, are puzzling qnestions, and no man can solve; either 
the riddle of life or death. The pagan religion to the <lying had 
no terrors. The intelligent thought of to-day in contemplating 
death brings no dismay to thoughtful souls. Once we were un- 
known an<l nnincarnated, and all of us came into this worlil in- 
dicating our ap[)earance with a cry. ()ni' nicithei-s, who ImM the 
doorway of life, love ns when w'e come and weep when we go out. 

Does not the mystery of life increase with every thought touching 
itti conditions ? How an.xioiisly we stand on the shore of this ot«aii, 
and lift our eyes to the heavens above ns, and clasp our hands and 
ask, " When will the departed return?" Yet it is all in vain and 
hopeless. Over the ripples of this boundless sea fhere is no rustle 
of air that brings us a response: 

AVc long for tlie touch of a vanislied liaiul, 
And the sound of a voice that is still. 

Can it be possible that the strong attractions of this lili' l)v wav 
of personal friendships are but the reproduction of loves and aflec- 


tions that existed in tlie ages before when our sjHritual incasemeiits 
were entirely difterent? On this subject I can think of notliing 
sweeter or better tlian the poem of Colonel Joyce, entitled " Un- 
known," which I repeat: 

I gazed on tlie babe at its niothei's breast, 

And asked tor the secret of life and rest; 

It turned with a siuile that was sad and lone, 

And ninrmured in dreaming, "Unknown, nnknown." 

I challenged the youth so hold and so brave 

To tell me the tale of the lonely grave, 

But he sung of pleasure in musical tone, 

Aud his echoing voice replied, "Unknown, uiikuowu." 

Then I questioned the gray-haired man of years. 
Whose lace was furrowed with thought aud tears, 
And he paused in his race to simply groan 
The soul-chilling words, "Uukuown, unknown." 

I asked the lover, the poet, and sage 

In every clime and every age. 

To tell mo the truth, and candidly own 

If, after death, 'tis all unknown, unknown? 

I soared like the lark to the boundless sky, 
Sighed in my soul for the how and the why ; 
The angels were singing and just had tlown, 
I heard but the echo, " Unknown, unknown." 

We come like the dew-drops and go like the mist. 
As frail as a leaf by antuuni's wituIs kissed ; 
Fading away like the roses of June, 
Wishing and waiting to meet the nnknown. 

Nature, oh ! Nature, the God I adore. 
There's light in thy realm, I ask for do more ; 
From the seed to the fruit all things are grown. 
Yet, while we know this, the cause is unknown, 

When matter and mind are perished and lost, 
And all that we see into chaos is tossed; 
From nothing to nothing we pass out alone, 
Like a flash or an echo— " Unkimwn, nnknown." 

H. Mis. 46 4 

50 Lll-'Ii AXl> C/I.IH.irTEIl OF DVIH.r.Y C. HASKELL. 

We grope in t lie dark and ini|iiirc wliy we have iK'cn liroiight 
lierc, and m'o vainly study what is t(i hi' the end oldnr being, and 
wiiediLT we sliall attain a definite oljjeet or miss it altogetlier. Ten- 
nyson in the folliiwing lines lias expressed tiie desjiair and tiie hope 
of every human sou! : 

Behold, we know not anjtliin^; 

I can but trust that good shall I'all 

At last — far ofl' — at last, to all, 
And every winter change to spring. 

Sornns my dream; but what am If 

An infantcrying in the night; 

An infant crying for the light; 
And with no language but a cry. 

Oil, how tlie great of this earth, from tlie times of Zoroaster and 
Christ to of Swcdenborg and Wesley, have struggled to .solve 
the problem, " What am I, and why am I ? " No .satisfaetory 
solution has been found. Descartes summed up his philosophy by 
declaring, "I think, therefore I am." Seneca, staggering in the 
dark, shouted out, "If only one might have a guide to truth." 
" We must wait," Plato declared, " for one, be it a God or God-in- 
.spired man, to teach us our religious duty." An<l C».sar declared 
in the Roman Senate that there was no God and that the future 
was more than a blank. The world, after all, must on its 
growing faith, and as man gets better and sweeter and more vir- 
tuous in his life his god assumes these attributes, just as the Grecian 
gods took on the character im|)arted to them by the Athenians. It 
would seem to me that in the mazes of this life we might receive at 
least an occasional revelation that would quiet our anxieties and 
give our souls actual a.ssurances of a positive iunnortality. 

But if there be a personal God we Ciuniot judge of the wisdom 
of his designs until we know the end he seeks to accomplish. I 
remember once to have stood by the side of a loom where they 
were weaving lirussels car]iet. The design of the Weaver was un- 
known, and the tigiiri- but lialf'eoiiipleted. T said there was too 
much black and too little white, too much pink and too little yel- 
low. Turning to me, a lady remarked, " without knowing the 


design your critioism is unjust." Tliis weaver but typifies the 
Almighty weaver, who has all our human souls like so many threads 
on His infinite loom, and when the carpet that he is making is 
spread on the floor of eternity and illuminated by the light of His 
countenance, it will be found that tiiere is not one thread of white 
too much nor of black too little. 

Address of Mr. Hanback, of Kansas 

Mr. Speaker : More than sixteen years ago two towns in my 
State of Kansas were arrayed against eaeii other upon a (juestion 
of small import to the world, but at that time of much impor- 
tance to those two young municipalities of the young Common- 
wealth. A thousand people gathered there upon the open plain 
to witness eighteen young and stalwart men engaged in a contest 
at base-ball, and of that number, bright and brave, stood Dudley 
C. Haskell, the cliief of his nine. 

And tiiere fur the first time I met him in that friendly conflict. 
From thence on we grew in aciiuaintanre which rijiened into friend- 
ship such as few men enjoy in this world. I knew him in the 
pride of his manhood, when the siiadows were falling far behind 
his back, and when his eye was 'bright with hope as he looked 
into the future. I knew him when he was struggling in adver- 
sity, while engaged in a lawful and honorable calling in merchan- 
dise in his city, when bankruptcy, long deferred, stared him in 
the face, and at last fell upon him and blighted his business pros- 
pects and darkened his home. But in that hour the face of that 
man was sublime, serene, and perfect, because his hands were as 
wiiite as the snow which fell upon his grave that drear Decem- 
ber dav, when the citizens standing around gave their blessing 
and their tears to him and to his. 

He was not successful in a business point of view. His life 
was created for another purpose, and the time came when he was 
lifted out of the slough of despond into which he had been thrown. 

52 i.iFi: ixn cn.urirrKU of Dudley c. h.iskic/.l. 

He was sent to llie legislature of his State, and tiien for tiic first 
time he stood a master among men. Witii one accord and with 
unanimous voice of his party he was selected to ])reside over the 
deliberations of tliat body; and it is to his high credit, and was 
always a matter of jiridc with him, liiat no decision he made during 
his term of office as speaker was reversed by the house. He went 
down from ids high jilace receiving the ]>laudits of all men, whether 
they differed from him or not on the jiolitical (|uestions of the day. 

In the summer of 1<S7(J, after a close contest in the Congres- 
sional convention of his district, he was chosen as the nominee of 
the Republit'an party. Against him in the contest was pitted a 
man who was known with distinguished credit to himself in that 
State; a man coming fresh from the Halls of Congress, who had 
acquitted himself honorably and creditably in that capacity, and 
who bore upon his party ensign not the name of Rej)ublican, but 
that of Democrat. He was a man well known and resjiected, 
who bore a proud name among the people whom he had served; 
a man whose counsels were judicious and wise, and who had pre- 
sided as a judge in a district composed of a large jiortion of that 
Congressional district for many years. This was the man with 
whom the young candidate for the suffrages of the jwople was to 
lock hands iu a contest that would be to the death. 

I remember well the da\- when the ensio;n of victorv floated over 
the head of Dudley Haskell, and his future was assured. Five 
thousand people were assembled at Olaf he in his district. His op- 
ponent spoke, and others spoke; general debate was in progress, 
and yet HASKELii was not there. And T rcmemberthe sneer that 
went forth as they said he did not dare to come. J]ut he was com- 
ing ; he was coming by a slow freight train, for come he would, and 
there was no other train available. At 3 o'clock in tht afternoon a 
team driven madly on came up, and Haskeli-, covered with dust and 
smoke, leaped ujion the platform ready to grap])le with his antag- 
onist. The victory for a while had seemed doubtful; it had wav- 
ered and pointed the other way, but in a moment all was changed. 
Throwing his coat aside, Haskici^l stood forth in the ]irescnce of 


tlie throng in all his magnificent niauhoixl to present his powerful 
views of the great questions of the clay to the expectant crowd. I 
tell you when the contest was over, when the debate was done, the 
future of that man was assured, the future of the contest in that 
district was assured, and all men yielded to that opinion. 

Called by the voice of the people of that district to come here as 
their Representative in this House, he came at their behest, although 
deathly sick, grasping for a fresh hold on life, almost then gone; 
aufl vet he was raised up under the providence of God to become 
the honor of the State and the honor of all the nation, entitled to 
its love and respect. 

Mr. Speaker, I have but few words more to say of our dead 
friend. T was with him in every contest he had in his district. 
We traveled together side l)y side. We communed together upon 
the great questions that were to be presented, upon the political 
condition of the country, the legislation that was demanded ; and 
yet, in all the days and nights I was with him, I never heard him 
say an unkind word of any living man. His heart was spotless 
and void of offense toward his fellow-men. Abuse and misrepre- 
sentation he could trample uj)on and defy, while still maintaining 
the purity of his manhood ; and it was the white mantle of love 
which enwrapped him as he lay dead in his home here in Washing- 
ton. It was the same white mantle of love that enfolded him as 
we went with his dead body, with swiftly-moving pace, to Lawrence, 
there to be greeted ^\ith lamentations, sighs, and tears by thousands 
of his old acquaintances, constituents, and friends, over the loss 
that had befallen them, and I thought as I stood there and witnessed 
their grief that many of them had come to know perhaps for the 
first time that a great man had fallen in Israel. 

There is no question in my mind, Mr. Speaker, as to where his 
ship is floating to-day. There is no question in my mind as to 
what harbor it has entered with fluttering sails, and flag floating 
transcendently beautiful. I know, as you know, as we all know— 
for it is emblazoned in our hearts — that we shall live again. The 
men who stood with the Republic, who fought for it, who made it, 


.'iiiil mainlaiiicil it, tlii' men wIki <li(Ml a( Iicxiii;;t(iii, ami iIhisc wlio 
(lied with the hist shut that was lind at the hcait <il' the iiatii)ii, 
arc living to-day. 

To-day o'er our flag tliey are keeiiiiiji; 

As faitliliil a {juard as of yore. 
No sc^iitiiiul spirit is slcc'ipiiii;, 

That iiicketn the line of the shore. 
The voices of iiiusie are riiifjiiif; 

111 accents of sweetness aliroad : 
The sanctified army is singing 

The praise of America's God ! 

Friend of my early days, companion, coimsclor, I greet thee; T 
greet thee ; I greet thee ! 

Address of Mr. Pettibone, of Tennessee. 

Mr. Speaker: I ask the indulgence of the House for a few 
moments while I, too, join my voice with of his older a.sso- 
ciates upon this floor to add my testimony in giving cnipha.sis to 
the sterling and manly ciiaracter of Dnni,EY Haskei.i,. 

]\Iv offerino; of euloLiv is verv brief and hiimhle, hut it certainlv 
is heartfelt. Others who knew him longer and more intiinatel\- 
than T have given us the details of his life's story. What J knew 
about him I learned mostly by close observation w hilc he was with 
U.S and of us. I first knew him in the Union .Army. Like 
myself and all our comrades, he W'as then a young volunteer. It 
was during what we of the old ".\rmy of the I'^rontier " called the 
Prairie Grove campaign. 

Bright, active, brave, and handsome, in the fnll glorv an<l binsli 

of his earlv and splendid manhood, I secern to s(>e him now as 1 saw 

him then, when in jiriilc and honor and heart's devotion he wore 

un.soiled his country's uniform of bln(>. 

nltlWfl^ evident to his <-oiiirades in those old davs, as it was later 


to tliose wlio kiK'w liim in this Chamber, that he had courage and 
integrity in iiis lieart, as he certainly iiad ])o\vcr on liis brow. 

. I next met him on this floor in the first days of the Forty-seventh 
Congress. He impressed me always as few men ever did ; and as 
the months wore away close observation convinced me that not only 
were his intellections keen, not only were his powers great, but 
that his heart was pure, and his purposes patj'iotic and as stainless 
as a star. 

How he laljored during all of the last session only those can 
know who, like my friend from Pennsylvania [Mr. Kelley], saw 
him as, dav by day, lie did a Titan's work while we shared in his 
hopes, convictions, and anxieties. 

I waive the question whether or not he Mas right. I believe he 
was. Yet I sincerely believe he sacrificed his life to the conscien- 
tious discharge of duty as he understood it, and from siieer over- 
work he died in the stern discharge of duty ! Can eulogy say more 
than that? 

He believed, with the faith that makes heroes and martyrs, that 
it is alike wise and patriotic to save the American markets for the 
handiwork and wares of American workmen, in order that comfort 
and plenty may always fill and bless American homes. He be- 
lieved that the laborer is worthy of his hire, and that " Peace hath 
her victories no less renowned than War." 

But, sir, lie is dead! The Conunonwealtli that honored him, as 
he in his intetrritv certainlv served and honored her, now holds all 
that is mortal of our friend. His career on earth is ended, as all 
careers must end ! To his widow and now fatherless children he 
has left a legacy ricii in the record of a noble life and a spotless 
name! " He was born; he died." That, in brief, is the history 
of man ! 

But, sir, our friend was a most manly man, because ho was a 
Christian man. He always was ready to spend, and be spent in 
the cause of truth, justice, humanity — and that surely is the cause 
of Christ! 

As I think of him in the plenitude of his power on this floor 

56 inn<: andjiiaiiaitki! of iudlicy c. haskell. 

as a debater aind as a law-maker, aud remember that he is gone, the 
lines of Barrv Cornwall rise unbidden to memory: 

Day (lawiifd ! Within a curtained room, 
Filled to faintness with perl'nnie, 
A lady lay at poinl of doom. 

Day closed! A child had seen the light; 
But for that lady, fair and bright, 
She slnmliered in nnending night. 

Spring.^! And liy her grave so green 

A little hoy, with thonghtfnl mien, , 

On .Slimmer eves was often Heen. 

Years passed! Ho grew in manly grace, 
He mingled in the world's rough race. 
And won hiinsidf a lolly place. 

And then he died. Behold before ye 
Hnmanity's poor sum and story, 
Life, death, anil all there is of glory! 

Sir, within the sacred preeincts of'thatdtsdiatc lioiiie in Kansas I 
would not presume to enter an uninvited and an unknown guest. 
To the widow in her weeds, whom T never saw, T can only say. Look 
up! Dear old Whittier has, in his desohition, j)cnncd these lines: 

And yet, dear lieart! reiiiemberiiig thee. 
Am I not richer than of old '. 
Safe in thy immortality. 
What change can reach the wealth 1 hold? 
What chance can mar the pearl and g(dd 
Thy love hath left in with me ? 
And while in life's late afternoon. 
Where cool and long the shadows grow, 
I walk to meet the night, which soon 
Shall shape and shadow overltow, 
I cannot feel that thou art far. 
Since near at need the angels are. 
And when the sunset gales unbar, 
Shall I not SCO thee waiting stand, 
Aud white against the Ev<Miiiig Star, 
The welcome of tliy beckoning hand? 


Address of Mr. Perkins, of Kansas. 

Mr. Speaker : On the 2;3d day of March, 1842, Dudley 
Chase Haskell was born iu the quiet village of Springfield, in 
the State of Vermont, and removing with his parents to the Ter- 
ritory of Kansas when but thirteen years old, he grew into a 
.strong, sturdy, athletic, vigorous man, and seven years ago, with 
long strides and strong arms, he entered this Chamber to as.sume 
the duties and take upon himself the respou.sibilities of a legislator 
for this nation. 

How ably he performed those duties and how conscientiously he 
discharged those responsibilities has been attested here to-day; and 
now, when he should have been but in the prime of life and in the 
full vigor of his intellect and manhood — when, as life is ordinarily 
allotted to man, he .should have been in his seat looking with con- 
scientious solicitude after the interests of his constituents and the 
well-being of his country — the busy duties of this House are sus- 
pended, the gavel of the Speaker is laid aside, and the acrimonious 
debate is hushed that all may certity to the worth and honor of the 
departed, and that some may laurel his grave with a rhetorical 
offering of sympathy and affection. 

That grim messenger which comes but once to man halted Mr. 
Haskell as he was entering Congress for the fourth consecutive 
term, and bade him give up his duties, set aside his aspirations, 
forego his interests, bid farewell to friends and loved ones, quit his 
scenes of home and kindred, and follow him to that silent bourne 
from which none are permitted to retur:ito tell us of the departed. 
Why this was none can tell. Why one so young, so devi ted to 
duty, so strong and athletic, so capable of work and accomplishing 
good, so conscientious and fearless in the denunciation of wrong 
and in the advocacy of what he believed to be right, so andaitious 
and desirous of aiding his country and of doing that which would 
contribute to the happiness of man, should be stricken down and 


his powers destroyed tlms early in liis pilgrimage none can tell ; 
and wliv the final summons should have Iteen served as he was at 
the vestibule of his usefulness and but rapidly climl)iiig to the apex 
oC \\\> |iii\\('i- and opportunity is one of the iiis()lul)lc proljlcins (if 
mortal life. ]>ntthus it is and ever hath lieen. 

(loing to Kansas when but thirteen years of age, from the green 
iiilL~ and libcrtv-loving jH'oplc of \'enn(inl, he became at once in- 
tei-ested and aroused for free government on the plains of his newly- 
adopted home, and the aggressions of the slave ]iower and the 
efforts of the national administration to fasten Ai'ricaii bnndage 
upon the people of the new Territory aroused the velieuient oppo- 
sition of his impassioned nature and called forth every resistance 
his young but enthusiastic temperament could command. He wit- 
nessed the violence and turbulence of that contest, aud love for 
freedom and hatred of slavery and human bondage grew into every 
muscle and (il)er of his being and became a constituent ])art of his 
manhood, and when that contest was followed by war against his 
country ; when States where shooting from their political orbits 
like erratic meteors from the sky; when the wild alarm of war was 
sounded aud the <lruni-bcat was marshaling the loval legions to 
stav the fratricidal hands raised for the ovi'rthrow of our ( iov- 
crnment, Dudley C. Haskeij. tendered his services to liis 
country, and in an luunble and subordinate capacity did what he 
could to nationalize liberty, extirpat(; slavery, and preserve his 

IJnt all those days of mingled light and shadow, of hopes and 
fears, of great virtues and great sins are gone, and how our hearts 
shoidd overrun with gratitude that the nation needs no more sacri- 
fices for such a conflict, but asks now for a connnon brotlicrhood, 
moved bv Christian charity and bound together aud cemt'nted by 
good deeds. 

And perhaps in years not far away tiie van(|uishe(l — the South 
herself — when she shall look with j)ride upon hei- cidarged cities 
and new industries, and upon her increased millions, rich, free, and 
happv, as her sky is gentle, blue, an<l propitious, will count among 
her friends those who wore the blue and seemed to her such reck- 


less enemies, as tliey struggled to preserve the Government tor 
freedom and to break the chains that held the bondsman as a slave. 

When Mr. Haskeli- quit the service of his country in the field 
he went to Williston's Seminary, at Easthamptou, Mass., to con- 
tinue his education, and concluded it hy a scientific course at Yale. 

In December, 1805, he was married at Stockbridge, Berksiiire 
County, Massachusetts, to Miss Hattie Kelsey, an accomj)lished 
and cultureddescendant of Cotton Mather, who with two little girls 
are left to survive him. 

Almost immediately after he was mariicd ^Ir. Haskell re- 
turned to his prairie home and engaged in business, but he took a 
deep interest in local concerns and interests, and in those social, 
commercial, and political problems which lay at the foundation of 
our Government, and being a clear thinker, a ready and aggressive 
debater, anil a courteous and intelligent controversialist, it was not 
long until he found himself in the front rank of local politics, and 
in 1<S72 he was elected to the legislature of his State. 

But his political and business experiences have been given by 
my colleague and I will not enlarge upon them. His labors, his 
growth, his accomplishments as a member of the Forty-fiftii, 
Forty-si.xth, and Forty-sevcntii Congresses is known to many of 
you, and has been commented upon to-day. Of temperatis habits, 
of untiring industry, and possessing a spl4;ndid physical organiza- 
tion, and moved by an honorable ambition to excel, he did not 
realize there was a limit to his powers of endurance, or to his 
jihysical capacity for work, and being poor he attempted almost 
uiiaitlcd to do tiiat which no member of this Chamber can do and 
live — to run all the errands and look after the wants and corre- 
spondence of a very large and exacting constituency, and yet per- 
form in a competent and thoroughly intelligent manner the de- 
manding and multitudinous duties of this House, and the chair of 
Dudley C. Haskell is vacant to-day and his body moldering 
in sepulchral dust from overwork; crushed by the exacting de- 
mands and labor of his position as was the Trojan priest of Nep- 
tune, Ijaocoon, and his children crushed by the serpents of Tenedos. 

Throngs gathered in the courts of Hypatia discussing "What 


am I, :iii(l wlicnco caiiio IV" and fVoiii tliat (irc'ciaii i-iiltiire t(< tlio 
pri'SL'iit tlie jicnerations have (liscimrscil lliat iiKirc iiiscnitililc (|1il's- 
tioii .still, " Whitlier go I?" 

But nut so with him wlmni \vc nionrn to-dav. 

Bom of Christian i)an'nts, Jiis convictions wcro formed in oarly 
years, and .strengthened w ith his growth. He believed in tJie car- 
penter of Nazareth, in tlu' divinity of, in the immortality 
of the soul, in the resurrection and tlie better life. To iiini (he 
accomplishments of man, the monumental glories we have won, 
were not given to or .secured by a race of descendants who trace 
their genealogy to gibbering specimens of tljc animal kingdom 
or to the lower strata of animal life; but to beings "little less 
than the angels," who shall find incorrnption and immortalitv, 
when the corruptii)le, mortal nature is laid aside, wearv and ex- 
hausted in the work of life. Mr. Ha.skki.l was but little given 
to abstractions and sjieculations — to him practice was worth more 
than theory, and in tiie investigation and consideration of the 
economic questions of the day he preferred to ascertain and heed 
results i-ather than inchdge in theorizing and philosophical specu- 
lation regardless of cou.sequences. 

As has been already said he po.ssesscd a fine pliysiquc, and when 
he first entered this Chamber he was the ]neture of health and 
jihysical vigor. As was eloquently .said of him by his ])astor in 
this city in the brief had on the morning the cortq/e 
moved for his Western home, " he was six feet three inches tall, but 
every inch a man." 

Springing from the, his .sympathies wei'c with the labor- 
ing people, and his heart beat nwponsive to their importunities; 
but for all he only desired that which was right, and in all tiie 
relations of life, as day-laborer, as soldier, as scholar, as business 
man, as politician, as statesman, he stood by his convictions, and 
died as he had lived — an honest man. How tersely he ex])re,ssed 
tliis characteristic of his life when, in almost the last conver.sation 
he had with his devoted friend, Hon. Ed. li. Smith, of Kansas, 
who had been clerk of the Committee on Indian Alliiirs — the Com- 


mittee of which Mr. Haskell had been chairman — lie said, " I tell 
voii, Ed., it pays to be honest, and I tliank God my hands are 
dean." But it was as luisband and father that Mr. Haskell 
excelled. Kind and devoted, it was at tiie fiiniily iiearthstone with 
wife and little ones that he shone resplendent. Tlierc he should 
have been seen and known to have been fully appreciated. There 
his feelings were full of tenderness and his fiice lauf^hed as with 
the jovs of early life, " when the days are all sunny and the months 
all June;" and there hearts throb for him that now must bleed 
until they too are summoned to share with him the ecstacies of a 
better land. 

But I will not rend the veil and trespass upon the sanctity of 
that beautiful home-life excejit to call your attention to the wcep- 
inj; wife and desolate children as tliey sit in tiie prairie home he 
hncd so well, cherishing the ashes of the departed, and wee]nng 
for him who comes not. How inexpressibly sad is their condition 
in weeds and mourning tiiese cheerless days of winter when con- 
trasted with that of October last, when they left home cheerful, 
buoyant, hopeful, happy, expecting that with a little rest and re- 
laxation in the hills of New England the bloom of health would 
return to his cheeks and elasticity to his steps, and they would 
witness him, as he grew in strength and usefulness during this ses- 
sion of Congress, gaining new laurels, achieving new triumphs, 
and adding new honors to iiis already distinguished name. 

For six years I, in common with the people of the second dis- 
trict of Kansas, was honored by our Representative nj)on the floor 
of this House; and as a constituent who knew him well, who 
respected his integrity and wortii, who admired his capacity and 
sincerity, who sympathized with him in his political convictions 
and afliliations, and who competed M'itli iiim for the honor of repre- 
senting the district in the convention in which he was first nomi- 
nated for Congress, I, in conclusion of these exercises, pay this 
feeble tribute to his worth, with a tear of sympathy and regret at 
our irreparable loss. 


Address of Mr. Ingalls, of Kansas. 

Mr. I'ltEsiDENT; DiDLK^' ( 'iiAsK IIasici;i,i. \\a,~ liiiralh- ami l)\- 
nature a Puritan. Had lie lived in that spl^nditl cpdcli of Enj^lisii 
history when the race to which we belong reached its meridian; 
when genius culminated in SliaUespeare, reason in Baoon, heroism 
in Raleigh, courtesy in Sydney, loveof liberty in Hampden, niilitarv 
and civic leadership in Oliver Cromwell; he would, like his an- 
cestors, have exiled himself from home, friends, possessions, crossed 
the implacable seas, and laiil in the savage solitudes of an eiiiptv 
continent the foundations of a Christian commonwealth, " for the 
common good, for the protection, safety, pr(jsj)erity, and hap|)iness 
of the people, and not for th(' pi-ofit, honor, or private interest of 
any- one man, family, or class of men ;" a state builded ujion the 
Bible as its chief corner-stone, and liavint;- for the chartii- of its 
liberties the Golden Rule. 

No political experiment ever appeared less fonnidalile at the ont- 
set than the colonization of Massachusetts Bay, but none ever had 
such momentous, such far-reaching consequences. The ideas of 
those fugitives from intolerance and |)roscription possessed incon- 
ceivable energy. The mind of man, released from the bondage of 
caste and precedent, conscious at last of its ])owers, has achieved re- 
sults in letters, in science, in war, iu government, which are not 
less a revelation than a prophecy. 

The feeble colonists lingered for awhile by the coast, wresting 
scanty subsistence from the sterile soil and the stormy sea; but mov- 
ing slowly westward, the great column in two centuries has crossed 
thecontinent, overcoming all obstacles, conquering all adversaries, till 
at last, among fifty million ])cople under self-government, freedom 
is universal, civil and j)()litical equality is the funilamental law, the 
safety of life, the preservation of liberty, the protection of property 
are effectually guaranteed, tiie means of education are ditfused as 
M'iilely as the desire to know, and the opportunities for haj) 
are commensurate with the capacity to enjoy. 


Xoiie (if till' traits and attributes, physical, intellectual, or moral, 
wln'cli (listini;iiislKHl tlie original emigrants to New England were 
wanting in Mr. Ha.skei.l, and in his relations to the politics and 
society of his State and the nation he exhibited the same qualities 
which characterized his progenitors two hundred and fifty years 
ago. Could he have assumed the garb and vestment of that ancient 
time, his great stature, the sedate dignity of his demeanor, his 
stately presence, an aspect of authority, and the serious gravity of 
his features would have rendered him the striking semblance of a 
worshipful magistrate of the colonial period. 

To applause or censure ibr its own sake lie was stoically indif- 
ferent. There was no insensibility to lame or blame in his nature, 
but he preferred the approval of his conscience to the ajijirobation 
of mankind. He adliered strenuously to iiii|iiij>iilar friends, to his 
own detriment, rather than incur sus[)icion of personal disloyalty. 
He advocated unpopular doctrint's which commanded the assent of 
his reason or his couscience, ratiier tlian gain votes by silence or 
dujilicity. Conscience, whic^h is said to make cowards of us all, 
luade no coward of him ; it made him courageous rather, and dar- 
inglv aggressive and defiant intellectually in his support of jirinci- 
j)les which he considered essential to the well-being of the people. 
He believed in the appeal of truth to time, and aspired to be a real 
leader of opinion rather than to obtain the cheap and casual ap- 
plause which reward the demagogue, the impostor, and the char- 

Politics and religion are popularly supposed to be incompatible. 
So manv assertions must be denied, so many purposes must be con- 
cealed, so many calumnies must be refuted, so many temptations 
must be resisted, that the most rigid and censorious moralists 
are disposed to mitigate the severity of judgmcmt; but uo such for- 
bearance was required for Haskell. He did not deny his Master. 
He bore his religion with him in every presence, in all contests. 
He was from earliest youth devout, reverent, chaste, pure in spirit, 
active ifl all work for the elevation of society. Everywliere and 
in all directions his influence was beneficent and ennobling. The 
world was better for his having lived, and his death was a sub- 

64 Lll^lC A.\D VIJAi. , i)F DUDLEY C. IIASKICI.L. 

traction from the nioi'al fiirci-^ wliidi iipliolil and sustain man- 

He came to Wasliini;ti)n to take iiis seat as a Representative in 
the Ft)rty-fiftli Congress at tlie special session in i)ctoI)(!r, 1877. 
He was immediately attacked by a disease from wliich few recover, 
and wliiili iiis jiiiysicians considered mortal. My apprehensions 
increased as he rapidly declined from day to day, till I was sum- 
moned to his bedside one morning at daylight, and found that he 
had sunk into unconsciousness, from which he could not be rouse(J. 
Before noon he rallied sufficiently to converse, and was told l)y the 
physicians that if his affairs rcjqiiii-cd attention he had better ar- 
range them before evening, as he might sink into sleep from which 
he would not wake. He recognized the gravity of the situation 
and asked if there was no hope. They thought there _was none, 
but told him he had a chance for life. He replied: "I will take 
that chance. Do your duty and I will do mine." The struggle 
was long and doubtful, but skill and courage triumphed for a time 
over his malady, though he never seemed to me to be wholly re- 
stored to his pristine strength and vigor. He blanched rapidly 
and looked pallid and haggard at times, as though his vital forces 
were well-nigh spent. I5ut I mention the incident to show the 
metal of which the man was made. He sometimes spoke of that 
awful hour, of the solemnity with which he contemplated the dark 
abyss, and of the consolation atf()rded by faith and hope. And yet 
his great work \vas done in the succeeding six years, after he had 
risen almost from the dead. 

He entered public life without professional training or special 
discipline. But he had indomitable j)erseverance, energy, deter- 
mination to excel, and gradually toiled upward, amid many dis- 
couragements, till at the close of the Forty-seventh Congress he had 
fairly won his place in the front rank of thought an<l debate, espe- 
cially upon economic questions, and could reasonably anticipate a 
broad career of increasing influence and national renown. 

His oratory was energetic and fiircible, but without decoration. 
He indulged in none of the ornaments of discourse, quotation, 
anecdote, wit, hiuuor, fancy, badinage, or repartee. His weapon 


was tlie broad-sword, not tlie rapier. He dealt in facts, in figures, 
in statistics, in arguments and deductions. He was a diligent, 
patient student, with that higher gift than genius, the capacity for 
assiduous and persistent labor, witliout wliich the most brilliant 
powers, after brief and fitful corruscation, uselessly expire. He 
did nothing at random. There was no diffusion in his career. He 
was not distracted by pleasure, passion, sense, or appetite, from the 
path of duty. He traveled steadily along the beaten and dusty 
highway without loitering, and so came at last to his journey's end. 
That a life so pure, so valuable, so exemplary, rich in noble 
achievements, but far richer in every prophecy of approaching dis- 
tinction, should be thus abbreviated adds one mure to the inscrut- 
able mysteries that perplex us here. He fell in the vestibule, and 
not at the altar. For his wife, children, and kindred, inconsolable 
in their bereavement, for the friends who loved him, for the great 
constituency that laments him, for the State that he honored, for 
the nation that he served, he " should have died hereafter." 

Address of Mr. Dawes, of Massachusetts. 

Mr. President : There are many reasons why I may be par- 
doned for adding a few words to the abundant and fitting eulogy 
already paid to the rare qualities and great worth of Mr. Haskell. 
He was of New England stock, and those early years of mental 
molding and muscle-training in wliich ail after-life is shapened 
were passed in my own State. And he had hardly essayed the 
battle of life in that infant Commonwealth, to whose very exist- 
ence my own State had contributed so much that Kansas might 
almost be said to have sprung from the loins of Massachusetts, 
when he returned and chose from among mv own neighbors one 
of her daughters to walk with him that pathway which the untried 
future was opening up before him. 

By this transplanting the home life of Mr. Haskell, and 
largely his public career, became an illustration of the effect of that 
broader horizon and freer spirit of pioneer experience upon the 

H. Mis. 46 5 

66 i^Jpr- -tyri cHAHAcriiii of dudlky c. baskell. 

stern tcacliiiiir* ami tuiiujli liher wliicli tlic I'uritaii and tlic l'ilL;i'im 
wove into the cliaracter and stamped ii])<in tlic iorinnn ul'cacli .son 
of tlieirs wlierevcr his foot rested. Ind((<l, llie town nf i^awrenee, 
wliere lie huilt liis home, and where lie now sleeps, does not bear a 
name more distinetly New England than it does a character whose 
basis and rnlinf!; color were brought over in th(! ^favrtower, and 
which was, with prc<ioiis little of latter-day polish on toning, taken 
bodily from Worcester and i\riddlesex in my own State to the 
sharp, quick, and bloody but final conflict for freedom of bodv and 
sou! in a new empire. A New Englander, loyal to the stitl' and 
stout (pialities ingrain in her nature, and proud of her aggressive 
spirit, dotninated by an iron will on whatever soil it sets its stake, 
reads plainly enough in the just tributes paid to the marked qual- 
ities of this deceased statesman of what stuff this man was made 
when they recite the simple story that he was born in Vermont 
and was taken to Massachusetts in the first year of his life, and 
that a true descendant of the mingled colonies of Winthro]> and 
and Carver took him, when only eleven, with one hand and a 
Sharps rifle with the other, and with the Bible and a spelliin''- 
book in his pocket, led him forth to pitch his tent and assert his 
convictions on the plains of Kansas. 

The founders of that State were not only heroes but far-seeing 
statesmen also. They made im])crishable history, written in blood 
and in the living light of princijjle and of a duty to posterity, once 
and forever to be discharged. The youth of whom \ye speak, witli 
only two or three more j'cars of parental teaching and guidance, 
was by the death of his father pushed out alone to further equip 
himself as best he could and stand upon his own feet, and by the 
strength of his own arm to hew his own way through life. And 
yet it was not his own way he was to hew, for he never succeeded 
in laying up riches as the world counts riches, but died ])oor. The 
life which was s])ared him was devoted to the public service. Here 
he planted and watered and reared and pruned, and those who 
come after him shall gather more wholesome fruit because he has 

Mr. Haskell came into Congress a little more than six years 


aujo. Nearly all that time the cuinnnttec' wcirk which fell to my lot 
here brought me into fre(|tieiit and intimate eonsultation and co- 
operation with him. I soon camc' to value his counsel and rely 
upon his judgment. This intimacy rij)ened into the friendship and 
attachment of associates and companions. In a common work 
devolved upon us by the two Houses respectively, it was our pleas- 
ure to fiud ourselves working in harmony, moved by a common 
purpose toward a single end. Last August he had accepted my 
invitation to accompany a conuiiittee of this body charged with the 
duty of investigating certain phases of the Indian question among 
the Indians themselves. But failing health compelled him to turn 
away from this duty to medical treatment in a distant State, and 
I never saw him again. 

I mourn to-day the death oi" a friend I could not spare, of a co- 
laborer who cannot be replaced, and I feel that those who need 
help, of whatever race and how<'ver bound or cast off, have lost a 
strong arm, ever stretched forth to succor; a clear intellect, ever 
alert, well balanced and directed to the wisest methods, aud a heart 
as big as his native hills, ever responsive to the appeal of the lowly. 
I see, but I cannot comprehend the mystery of a well-ordered life, 
full of earnestness and hope and promise, equipped for great exi- 
gencies aud animated by lofty and noble aims, closed almost at the 
threshold and before the work men would have him to do had 
hardly been begun. A'erily, inscriilable are the ways of Him who 
holds in His hands the destiny of individuals and of nations. 

And yet such a life, so brief, and to human sight so incomplete, 
is nevertheless of great value to tlie individual and the nation — to 
the individual as an example and to the nation as a product. The 
power he was able to wield and the good he had time to accomplish 
were the reward of labor. Neither genius nor the graces of rhet- 
oric nor the fascinations of oratory made him the able debater he 
was, but patient and thorough investigation, tireless labor, gave him 
the ability to sift out the kernel and blow away the chaif. He 
uttered thoughts, not words, and they seemed to come up from a 
deep well, always full. He had convictions, and he dealt in noth- 
ing else. It seemed to him a duty to convince others, not to push 


or carry llicin. Heucu all ho lunl to say was arjiiinicnt, often 
nakuil, never deeUed or adorned Avitli flowers of idietoric or figures 
of speeeli. 'JMiere was no art or i^uile or stajje etteet in liis ora- 
tory. If lie liad no reason for tlie faitli that was in him he did 
not trouble others with it. A elear, loi^ieal, and well-stored mind, 
an ardent temperament, and a profound eonvietion of the sound- 
ness of his position, gave him great jjowcr in deljate and placed 
him in the first rank of efficient and reliable leaders in the House. 

The whole biography of this man is written in a single word — 
fidelity, the noblest Avord, after all, in the English language. It 
was true of him in every trust of his life. He wa.s true to him- 
self and to all the faculties intrusted to him. He wrought with 
them all, and he strengthened and equipped them all for the best 
work attainable. He discharged to the uttermost every duty, pidj- 
lic or private, and faithful to the end he died at his post. It is 
thought by some that the labor he undertook exceeded his strength 
and hastened his death. If that be so, it M'ould be worth far 
more, it seems to me, to leave the record of a life filled up be- 
yond its measure and borne down with the weight of a too ex- 
hausting struggle than to leave an empty record of a life pro- 
longed into weary and purposeless days of fruitless existence. 

Mr. Haskell was a product of our institutions all too rare in 
this day; when place anil power in the public service are so often 
sought and maintained by questionable means and for unworthy 
ends. He was not born to politics or place, but to poverty and 
privation. He did not belong to the class set apart \vhen they 
were born for the public service and educated in the school of 
politics and in theories and ideals of government. He came, in- 
stead, of practical politics, and was himself a proiluct of their 
needs. He became a builder, because he had himself handled the 
trowel and knew the quality of the mortar rather than the style 
of the architecture. Such men lay the foundations and build the 
walls, a little rough it may be, but still solid and abiding long 
after a more elegant finish shall have faded and perished. Our 
politics will suffer and our institutions will lose in rugged strength 
when such men fail of recognition and appreciation in the public 


Our friend was in personal intercourse the true gentleman. 
He hated all pretense and was alwaj's what he appeared to he. If 
he was angrv he left no one in doubt, and when he extended his 
hand every one knew that it was warm. No one was ever put on 
his guard by a suspicious smile, or stood in f(\ir of lurking hate. 
In social and in private life, as well as in public, he was direct, 
plain, and simple, and won a place iu our hearts made desolate by 
this be reavemout. 

^:And now, Mr. President, we shall best profit from the lesson 
taught us by the character we have been contemplating if we turn 
from unavailing sorrow over the grave of a statesman we have 
honored and a friend we have loved, and, closing up our ranks, 
press on to the performance of that work in which he labored so 
faithfullv while he was with us, mindful that the night soon 
Cometh in wliich no man can worlv. 

Address of Mr. Cockerell, of Missouri. 

Mr. PiiESiDEXT : It was my privilege to become acquainted witii 
Hon. Dudley Chase Haskell soon after entering upon his du- 
ties as a member of the Forty-fifth Congress, and to maintain this 
acquaintance during his Congressional career in the Forty-fifth, 
Fortv-sixth, and Forth-seventh Congresses. 

It is to me a sad pleasure to join in these last memorial services 
and to unite with those who knew him more intimately in all his 
personal and official relations in paying this last tribute to his mem- 
ory, his personal worth, and faithful, exemplary performance of all 
his official duties. 

Dudley Chase Haskell was born March 23, 1842, at Spring- 
field, Vt., and was the first member of the Forty -eighth Congress, 
summoned after the assembling, from the scenes of his earthly 
labors to enter upon the realities of an unending existence beyond 
the o-rave. He was the descendant of an old Saxon family loctited 
in Scotland, and migrating to Salem, Mass., at an early period in 
the settlement of that place, and in his boyhood attended the com- 


nion scliiiols in Xcw l*"iiL;lanil. M'licii (liini'on vcars old, in l.S5o, 
his jmrciits locatod near I jawroncc, Kans., wlicrc lie attended the first 
coniniiin school taught in his town. In 18.j7 and I.S.IS he returned 
to Springfield, At., and attended school tliere. 

lletnrning home, he was em])loyed in the fall of 1858 and win- 
ter of 185n in a clothing store, and accnmj)anied his etn])ioyer to 
Colorado. In the fall of 1861 lie was employed in the transporta- 
tion department of the rnion Army in Kansas, and so continued 
in 18(;2. 

In .Taiiuarv, ISIi."), he attended school at Easthanij)ton. ^lass., aiid 
ill the fall of that year entered ii])<in a sjieeial course at Yale Col- 
lege and took a course in a iiiisiness college in New Haven in 1864. 
While at Easthani])ton he joined the Congregational C'htirch, of 
which he remained a consistent and exemplary meml)er up to his 
deatli, and tlicre also formed the ac(|naintaiice of Miss Ilattie M. 
Kelsey, whom he married in the fall of 1864, and then returned to 
Lawrence, Kans., and engaged in mercantile pursuits until elected 
to the Forty-i^fth Congress. 

lu 1872, 1875, and 1876 he was a memlier of the State house 
of representatives, serving as speniker in the last term. In 1874 he 
was nominated for governor by the Temperance party of his State, 
hut declined. He was elected a member of the Forty-fifth Con- 
gress, and successively elected to the Forty-sixth, Foi'ty-seventh, 
and Fortv-eiohth Conffresses. Such is a cnrsorv review of his ac- 
tive outward life liefore the world. 

Success being the test of merit, surely there was real merit in Mr. 
nASKKI..L. He had not enjoyed the advantages and opportiiuities 
cnjovef] by so many young men Tif our country, but he had care- 
fully im])roved every opportunity for the cultivation and develop- 
ment of a sound body and vigorous mind, inherited from his wor- 
thy parents. He was the architect of his own fortune, and from 
the scanty materials within his grasp builded wisely and skillfully 
the attractive fabric of a noble, intellectual, moral, and physical 
manhood. He was a true gentleman in th<' broadest .sense. Life 
with him was real. He was of earnest jjurjiose anil strong convic- 
tions, siiiccr(>, steadfast, courageous, and ])ersevering. 


lu his private life he was blameless and his charaeter above re- 
proaeh; a true friend, a dutiful sou, a devoted and faithful hus- 
band, a tender and affectionate father, a true Christian, earnest and 
devoted to the cause and interests of his church and Christianity. 
In his business life he was upright, industrious, and attentive. 

However engaged, he was a close student and diligent in the ac- 
qnisition of information of a practical and useful character, such as 
would prepare him for the faithful and efficient performance of 
every duty and trust in life. 

As a legislator his integrity was not questioned. Dignified in 
his bearing, commanding in his ap])caran<'e, with a clear voice, well 
intornied, ready in debate, careful of tiie interests of his constitu- 
ents, and not offensively partisan, he was a model legislator. 

Tn the debates in the Forty-seventii Congress he gained a na- 
tiimnl n'putation In- the foi'ce and al)ility witli which he presented 
tlic views of his party on the tariff issues. 

I'o show the high estimate entertained for him, I read the fol- 
Idwing editorial from the Washington Daily Post of December 17, 


Hon. Dudley C. Haskkll, of the secoud Kansas district, is the first mem- 
ber of the iieivly-oii^aiiized Congress to lie suminoued fi;om his post of duty 
by death. He liad lieeii ,a iiriMiilier of the House lor three successive terms, 
always the U'ading Represeiitativi! from his own State, and always command- 
in;; more than oi'dinary respect ap(ni the lloor. In politics he\vas a Repuhli- 
can of the strictest sect, but not offensively partisan. As a legislator he was 
pi'aclical and conscientious, bringing to tin; support of his positions a wide 
range of information, undoubted courage, and a careful regard for the inter- 
ests of his constituents. He had great ambition and the promiso of a long 
life, but the liigher aims of the one perish with the other, and it is to be re- 
gretted that a record so honorable was not permitted to reach its full-rounded 

I also read an editorial from tii(> National Republican of the same 

date : 

In the death of Hon. D. C. Haskkll, of Kansas, the Honse loses one of its 
brightest and most active members. In the taritf debates in the last Con- 
gress he showed himself to be singularly well informed in the details of the 
question at issue, and his ready grasp of gri'at public interests won him un- 
disputed rank among the leaders on the Republican side. Cut off in his |)rime 
iiy the unsparing reaper, his country is deprived of one whose future prom- 
ised to be of great usefulness. 


He was appreciated, honored, and lovrd liy the good pidjile of 
Lawrence and Ids adopted State, wlio knew Inni well and best, and 
among wiiorn lie had spent his boyhood and niatnrer years. 

It wa-s my privilege to attend his remains to their last resting 
place in the beantif'ul cemetery near his home, and to witness the 
evidences of admiration, honor, and love cherished for him bv his 
neighbors and the people of his State. They were earnest and sin- 
cere, and manifested with gennine sympathy and tenderness by all 
classes — fitting tribntes to the noble dead. 

Address of Mr. Morrill, of Vermont. 

Mr. Pkesident: The tender and trnthful tributes which liave 
been already paid to the deceased leave little more for me to add. 

Mr. Haskell was born in Vermont; and this fact, perhaps, 
has brought to me the honor of an invitation to add a leaf here to 
the l)rief ceremonies of the hour in commemoration of our deceased 
friend who was last vear aniono- us, with all the robust and elastic 
vigor of health and ripe manhood, fitly repre.senting a notable dis- 
trict of a great and pro.sperous State. He then stood as the equal 
of the foremost for his practical knowledge and unflagging industry 
in the di.scussion and arbitrament of the leading question of the 
day. Unfortunately, as it appears to us, his career has been sud- 
denly closed — too suddenly for his flimily, or for his friends and 
country. No one familiar with the voluminous record of the recent 
tariff debate, with the ever inhering difficulties and complicated 
problems of the subject, will hesitate to admit, whether agreeing 
to the principles he promulgated or not, that it has fallen to the 
lot of few men to ajiproach more nearly at one session of Congress 
to the general ma.stery of the subject than was done by this labori- 
ous Kepresentative from Kansas. Not that he a]i])(art'd in long 
and eloquent orations and then retired from the field, but tiiat he 
was at all times ready with the lucid e.xplauatidiis and apt speech 
of a well-equipped and strong man. His stalwart frame seemed 
to exempt him from brain-weariness. Strong a.s he appeannl, it is 


now evidiMit tliat his excessive labors were pursued at the peril of 
his health, and yet pursued with undiminished diligence and un- 
diminished courage. He knew how to die, Itnt not how to sur- 

Young Haskell's removal from the fine old and peaceful town 
of Springfield, in Vermont, to Kansas, in tiie days of his hoyliood, 
hut when old and strong enough to shoulder a rifle in behalf of 
the free-State cause, brought him into a new arena of a more stir- 
ring and eventful life, which was well calculated to fire his heart 
and make him forever thoroughly earnest in the avowal and de- 
fense of his opinions. He was there to see the birth of a State 
and there to follow the flag of the Union in 1861. 

His subsequent training at scientific schools and his later mer- 
cantile experience, if not leading him to the acquisition of personal 
wealth, lead him to study deeply the most eifrctive systematic 
methods bv wliich the ha])piness and prosperity of great agricultu- 
ral coinniunities could be built up and solidly sustained. He had 
no faitli in anything siiort of a home market and the harmony of 
diversified industries. There was nothing excellently done by 
labor elsewhere that he was not ambitious to have better done in 
America. He was justly ])r(nid of his adopted State, of its marvel- 
ous wealth-producing prairies, and full of faith in its liberty-lov- 
ino- people and in their rapidly growing numbers; but he would 
also have Kansas as much esteemed for all the virtues of a Chris- 
tian State as for the fertility of its soil or the thrift of its people. 
As a leader at home he aimed, both by example and precept, to 
elevate the intelligence and purity of character as well as the ma- 
terial prosperity of his State ; and here his life showed that he did 
not lose sight as a national legislator of the same ideal statesman- 
ship. His political duties and religious faith were equally binding 
upon his conscience and never lacked harmonious relations. 

In the committee of conference upon tiic tariff bill, during the 
closing days of the last Congress, an o])portUDity was afforded to 
me to notice some of the prominent traits in the character of Mr. 
Haskell. He was true to his convictions, and lacked neither in- 
formation nor courage to enforce them. He was outspoken in his 


o])inions, hut not (l(iu;m:itie, and wlieii ovcrlxn-no hy the majority, 
wliich rarely liai)|)C'ne(l, gracefully yielded. He seemed to recojr- 
nize every interest of the eonntry, however widely sejiarated, as en- 
titled to be heard with the most respeetfid considei-ation, and was 
not only ready but eager to offer e(]ual justice to all. A patient 
listener to otiiors, not soon tired Ity a review of the most unattract- 
ive details, his conclusions, always commanding respect, appeared 
to be based upon an unseltish adherence to the j^rinciples he re- 
garded essential to the pei-manent advancement and greatest good 
of the whole country. 

I bear willing testimony to his distinguished services; services 
which entitle ids name to a loving remendjrance not onlv by the 
citizens of Kansas and of his native State but by the nation. His 
place in the Congress of the United States, it is to be fiarcd, will 
not soon be supplied, and his decease must be lamented not onlv bv 
his friends as a i)ersonal bereavement, but by all those who were . 
acquainted with his merits it must also be lamented as a national 
loss. Had he lived longer his reputation might have mounted 
higher. As it is, history, wliich remedilessly ignores the multi- 
tude of mankind, will not suffer his name to be forgotten. Hence- 
forth the distinction he so fairly earned will remain secure in the 
annals of his country. 

Address of Mr. Plumb, of Kansas. 

Mr. President: Kespect for the dead is a |Krvadiiig instinct of 
our common humanity. To honor the memory of the de|)arted is re- 
garded as a sacred trust, to the iaithfid discharge of which affection 
and frienilship are irrevocably comnn'tted. Nor is any good man's 
fame and memory left to the sole guardianshi|> of those who knew 
and loved him in life. There is something in the silent helpless- of the coffin and the sepnloher that a]) with peculiar and 
])athetie force to the chivalry of hinnan nature. The discord of 
])arty passion, the conflict of individual interests, the tierce rivabv 
of ()ersonal aud)itions, and all that is base and unworthv in the 


easi'or stnigi:;lo for precedence and supremacy retire in silence t'mni 
tliat presence whose irastery over tlie conihined forces of natnre is 
attested 1)V the iinnnnibered dead of all the ages. 

If these proceedings to-day were but a meaningless ceremony, il' 
tlic public business had been susi)en(led that we might take ])art in 
a mere empty pageant, we should do but scant honor to the uKun- 
orvof him whose early and lamented death is the theme of the oc- 
casion. Brought face to face to tlie sum and end of human hopes, 
so far as they center in this life, who shall say that the contempla- 
tion of that result may not guide us to loftier heights of ])urposc 
and effort, and by inspiring us with i'resh zeal and devotion make 
lis titter for tlie time when we, too, shall be the text of funeral dis- 
course ".' 

The oreat iState which honors me with a seat in this ('haniber 
is in mourning. One ol' tiic abU^st and most distinguished of her 
sons has fallen ; for he was peculiarly a son of the State. His 
earlv youth was spent among tlie shifting and exciting incidents 
of lici- "uneasv civilization," and he broadened into manhood just 
as she was laying aside the insignia of territorial vassalage for the 
nobler emblems of sovereignty. 'I'hus with almost every step of 
her progress he had personal identification, and thus as the years 
advanced and the early honors conferred upon him were more than 
iustificil, the boundaries of his influence were enlarged and people 
who had never looked upon his face watched his career with pride 
from the remotest corners of the commonwealth. 

Others have told in fitting terms the life-story of my dead col- 
league and friend, and I need not retraces that ground. 

It is a well-known fact in philoso]ihv and experience that the 
characters of men and races are influenced and molded by their 
surroundings in the natural world. Strong natures, physical, in- 
tellectual, and moral, are nurtured under wintry skies and upon 
ruo-o-ed soil. Mr. Haskei.i. carried with him to what was then 
the "fiir west " the vigor and industry, the native shrewdness, and 
the force of character to give it scope and purpose, Mhich he had 
imbibed with the air of his native hills. Of the traditions, pur- 
poses and ])riuciples of New England he was at once the product 


and oxoinplar ; cand tlie little city wliii'li hmiorcil him in life and 
wliicli now so keenly mourns liis dcatli i)eiir.s a proud New Knj^- 
land name, and boasts no small mcasiiri! of those sterlin<^ qualities 
that have made New P^ngland homes and New England rnterprise 
a theme of envy and a pattern for imitation. 

Much has been said — too much cannot be said — of tiio intellect- 
ual side of Mr. Haskell's nature and of tiie honoi- tliat he had 
proved himself worthy to wear and wiiich he seemed destined 
si)eedily to win in the field of politics and statesmanship. But 
there are those among his old neighbors and scattered all over the 
State which he honored who will prefer to remember him as the 
faithful friend and vigilant ally of every useful, every noble work. 
To the temperance cause he gave an example of life-long abstemi- 
ousness and ever-ready advocacy. In the Sabbatli-school he was 
a patient, zealous, untiring worker. He honored religion bj* a 
blameless life, and strengthened the church of his choice bv the 
earnestnesss of his labors and the elevating influence of iiis cliar- 
acter. In social life he was fit to be a leader, and, as the head of 
that sadly stricken family, he was worthy of all tiie measureless 
love that centered there. 

Mr. Haskei^l was an ambitious man, l)ut his was the amI)ition 
to excel, and thus to liuild upon the solid foundation of his own 
merits. He had none of the arts of the demasjojiHe, and to the 
trickeries and littlenesses of politics he was an absolute stranger. 
He appealed for support on grounds of j)rinciple and the highest 
party expediency, and in his jM)pular addresses eschewed charla- 
tanism and personalities. He fortified himself for his public 
efforts by study and labor, and was thereby enabled to illumine 
them with a wealth of illusti'ation and a prt)fusion of analogies. 

He gave to whatever he undertook tiie entiiusiasm of his nature 
— not that tidal entiiusiasm as conspicuous in itsel)l)as in its flow, 
but tiiat steady, ardent, genial force before which obstacles that 
might withstand the fury of a spasmodic assault gradually but 
surely disappear. 

Strong in his purposes, unyielding in his convictions, insensible 
to fear, vigorous in assault, and skillful in defense, Mr. Haskell 
combined the chivalry of ihe knighl with ihe tenderness of a wo- 


man. He contributed to partisanship no malignity, but was toler- 
ant of" differences and was a sincere admirer of able and conspic- 
uous political opponents. 

Mr. Haskell's power of concentration was something remark- 
able. If others excelled him in range and variety of informa- 
tion, he was tlie equal of any in the capacity to summon all his 
faculties to the attack or defense of a single position. He was 
therefore able to give to any undertaking in which he engaged all 
the energies of his nature. "Thorough" was his motto, and when 
he espoused a cause he studied it minutely, with a view to deter- 
mine how it might be the most signally promoted and the most 
successfully defended. 

This devotion to the matter in hand, whether great or small, was 
a striking characteristic of his whole life. His wholesome, hearty 
nature delighted in manly sports, and during his college life and 
subsequently the amiable ardor of his temperament was not less 
conspicuous in the athletic and chivalrous pastimes of the day 
than in the more serious concerns of life. 

No man less obnoxious to the suspicion of being influenced by 
improper considerations ever lived. A prominent figure in nu- 
merous heated political controversies, and a champion whose blows 
were as harmful to opponents as they were helpful to allies, no 
whisper of personal reproach was ever breathed against him. In 
an atmosphere of political perturbation and unrest he was .serene 
and guileless, advancing toward the end in view in the sunlight 
and by processes seen and known of all men. To what he con- 
ceived to be vicious notions of finance and economic administra- 
tion he gave no countenance, but fearlessly and sturdily main- 
tained his own convictions at every hazard of personal popularity. 

His courtesy was as sincere and cordial as it was plain and art- 
less. He cultivated no grace at the expense of his sincerity, nor 
simulated a pleasure that he did not feel. He had no special def- 
erence for rank or wealth or station, but was as kindly to the 
lowly who implored his aid as to the proud who sought his coun- 
sel. The kindliness of his soul beamed through mild blue eyes, 
and was traced in lines of tenderness upon his expressive counte- 


Mr. I Faskeij. was einpliatically a j^i-itwiiijr man. The cxx-asioii 
wouUl not justify invidious comparisons, nor is extravajjant '■ulc'v 
tliL' office of true frientlsliip ; but I venture tlie opinion that no 
man of his age in puiilic life gave fairer promise of eminent use- 
fuhiess, or could more justly look forward to the recognition and 
reward to which genuine merit is ever entitled to as[)ire. 

For tlie first time in the iiistory of Kansas deatli lias invaded 
the circle of her representation ])resent at the capital of the nation. 
The l)low wiiieh came with unex])ected suddenness to anxious 
friends here fell wilii stunning force upon teas of thousands of 
hearts in distant homes. The aspiring mind and noble soul of my 
colleague were domiciled in a physical organization that seemed 
especially designed to give them fitting shelter. lie was regarded 
as a strong man in every sense, and his friends and admirers were 
justified in anticipating for him length of days as well as fullness 
of honors. What commentary on the niiitahility (jf iiuman affairs 
and tlie perishable nature of liuiiuiii iiopes could be more sadly 

^o matter what may be the nature of the consolations left to 
the survivors, an ended life, wlietlu!r it be that of the infant ur the 
patriarch, is ever a matter of serious contemplation. It is pecu- 
liarly and sadly so when iu that life centered brilliant hopes and 
extensive possibilities. To his latest hours of consciousness mv 
dead colleague looked out upon tlie world as upon a field in w hii li 
adecpiate rewards are reserved for conscientious labor, lie was 
confident iu his own capacity, and meditated large |)lans of useful- 

And so Dudley Chase Haskei,l came to the close of his too 
brief career at a time grievously premature to his countr}- and to 
his friends, but under circumstances not wanting in precious con- 
solations. He had so lived as not to fear death. A laggard iu 
the race for wealth, he had gained a richer inheritance, and dying, 
left the partner of his life and home dowered with the fragrance 
of an exemplary life, and his cliiiilien ricli in the patrimonv of 
his stainless name.