Skip to main content

Full text of "Memorial addresses on the life and character of Richard W. Townshend, a representatives from Illinois, delivered in the House of representatives and in the Senate, Fifty-first Congress, first session"

See other formats






Z/^ ./ £^'&^'-f> 



5 1ST Congress, 1 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. f Mis. Doc. 

fst Session, f \ No. 262. 






House of Representatives and in the Senate, 



A\' .A. S H I N G T C) N : 


]•■ 1 C E 


!>y^ -^ 


Joint resolution to proride for printing the eulogies delivered in Congress 
upon the late Richard W. To\vxshen"d. 

Resoh'ed by the Senate iind House of Hepresetifatiren of the United 
States of America in Congress ussembled. That there Ije printed of the 
eulogies delivered in Congress upon the late Richard W. Townshend^ 
a Representative in tlie Fifty-first Congress from tlie State of Illinois, 
twenty-five thousand copie';, of which six thousand copies shall be for 
the use of the Senate and nineteen tliousand copies shall be for the use 
of the House of Representatives : and that the Secretary of the Treasury 
be, and he is hereby, directed to have printed a portrait of said Richard- 
W. TowNSHEND to accompany said eulogies : and for the purpose of en- 
graving and jjrinting said i)ortrait the sum of one thousand dollars, or so^ 
much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated out of any 
money in the Ti-easury not otherwise appropriated. That of the quota to 
the House of Representatives the Public Printer shall have fifty copies 
bound in full morocco with gilt edges for the use of the widow of the 

Approved. June .'). 1890. 

P^UG 6 »yO« 



December 18, 1889. 

Mr. Williams, of Illinois. Mr. Speaker. I rise to. per- 
form the sad duty of anuouncing to this House the death of 
my distinguished friend and predecessor, Hon. Richard W. 
TowNSHEND, late a Representative from the State of Illinois. 
Mr. TowNSHEND died at the Riggs House, in this city, on 
the 9th of March last. I now send to the desk resolutions I 
desire adopted. At some future time I shall ask an oppor- 
tunity for members to express their tribute of respect to the 
memory of the deceased. 

The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That this House has heard with profound sorrow the an- 
nouncement of the death of Hon. Richard W. Townshend. late a Rep- 
resentative from tlie State of Illinois. 

That in the deatli of Mr.- Townshend the countiy lost a patriotic citi- 
zen and the people a faithful public servant. 

That the Clerk transmit a copy of these resolutions to the family of the 
deceased and communicate the same to the Senate. 

That as further mark of respect to the memory of the decea.sed the 
House do now adjourn. 

The Speaker. The Chair will put the question on the 
several resolutions. 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Address of Mr. IVilliams, of Illinois, on the 


February 15, 1890. 
Mr. Williams, of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, I desire to pre- 
sent resolutions, which I send to the desk, and ask their 
adoption at the conclusion of the ceremonies iixed for to-day. 
The Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, Tliat the business of the House be now suspended, that a)ipro- 
priate honors may be paid to the memory of Hon. Richard Wellington 
TowNSHEND, late a Representative in Congress from the State oi IlUnois. 

That in the deatii of Mr. Townshend his district and State lost an able 
and faithful public servant and the country a legislator and statesman 
who stood liigh in its councils. 

That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased, the 
House, at the conclusion of these ceremonies, shall adjourn. 

That the Clerk transmit a copy of these resolutions to the Senate. 


Mr. Speaker: These resolutions are presented for the 
consideration of this House, that we may pause in our legis- 
lative proceedings and pay a proper tribute of respect to the 
memory of the deceased. So frequently has the messenger 
of death called for members of the present Congress that we 
are more deeply than ever impressed with the thought that 
the paths of glory lead but to the grave. Among those 
thus summoned from their high positions of public trust 
during this short period appears the illustrious name of my 
worthy predecessor, Hon. Richard Wellington Town- 
shend, late a distinguished Representative from the Nine- 

Life and Character of Richard W. Townshend. 5 

teentli district of Illinois. Mr. Townshend, after a brief 
illness, died at the Riggs Honse in this city on the 9th of 
March last, leaving his wife, a daughter, and a son to mourn 
the irreparable loss. 

Although a stranger upon this floor, I feel that I would be 
untrue to the jjeople I have the honor to represent should 
I fail to rise and record their high appreciation of Mr. 
Townshend as their neighbor, their friend, and Represent- 
ative in Congress. Mr. Townshend was born in Prince 
George's County, Md., on the 30th of April, 1840, came to 
the city of Washington at the age of ten years, and was 
here educated at public and private schools. While serving 
as a page in this House he made the acquaintance of Judge 
Samiiel S. Marshall, then a prominent member of Congress 
from the State of Illinois, and who afterward proved to be 
a very dear and valuable friend to Mr. Townshend. 

Judge Marshall, attracted by the ability and energy of 
young Townshend, induced him to go to Illinois, which he 
did in 185S. After having taught school for a short time he 
studied law in the office of Judge Marshall, at McLeans- 
borough, was admitted to the bar, and soon began its i)rac- 
tice. From 1863 to 1808 he was clerk of the circuit court of 
Hamilton County; from 1868 to 1873 he was prosecuting 
attorney for the twelfth judicial circuit of Illinois, embracing 
nine counties, and it was in this position that he became so 
well and favorably known throughout his district. He was 
at once recognized as an able lawyer, an effective advocate, 
and fearless prosecutor. So successful was he in his con- 
victions that the criminals arraigned in his courts always 
dreaded his presence before the jury. In 1864, 1865, 1874, 
and 1875, he was a member of the Democratic State central 

In 1872 he was a delegate to the Democratic national con- 

6 Address of Mr. Williams^ of Illinois, on the 

ventiou at Baltimore. In 1876 Mr. Townshend was elected 
to the Forty-fifth Congress as a Democrat by a plurality of 
nearly 4,000 votes, notwithstanding the Democratic nominee 
two years previous had been defeated by an independent 
candidate. He was reelected to the Forty-sixth, Forty- 
seventh. Forty-eighth, Forty-ninth. Fiftieth, and Fifty- 
first Congresses. Thus did the page and student of Judge 
Marshall soon become his worthy successor at this 

Mr. Townshend brought to his duties in this House that 
same integrity, energy, and courage so conspicuous in all 
his official life. While others may have been more able and 
prominent in the legislation of this body, none were more 
honest, none were more industrious, none were more faith- 
ful in the discharge of their duty as public servants than 
Mr. Townshend. 

But I leave it to those who were associated with him in 
this Chamber to speak more fully of his services as a na- 
tional legislator. As one fresh from his district, I wish to 
assure his brothers in this House of the high regard in 
which he was held by those people to whom he had given so 
many years of useful service. They found in him many 
noble attributes to admire and remember. In his great 
kindness and gratitude to his constituents how often he 
went oiitside the ordinary province of a Representative to 
serve their private interest. I doubt that there was ever a 
Representative in this Hall who within the same length of 
time did more real, hard service for his constit^^ents than 
Mr. Townshend. Nor do I believe that any member was 
ever nearer the hearts of the people he represented. No 
Representative had more of the confidence and love of the 
people (jf his own Congressional district than Mr. Town- 
shend. And as an evidence of such regard his constituents 

Life and Character of Richard II '. Tcrwiisheiid. 7 

kept him in Congress for over twelve years by almost a 
xinanimous choice, and their deepest regret was that he could 
not live to serve them longer in the place he had filled so 


His death was such a sudden and unexpected shock to his 
constituents that they scarcely yet realize that he is gone, 
that they shall see his friendly and familiar face no more 
forever. AVell do I remember that melancholy hour in 
which his district received the sad news that Dick Town- 
SHEND was dead; it brought a grief to every heart, a gloom 
to every brow. His constituents in all parts of the district, 
regardless of political sentiment, assembled in multitudes 
to mourn the loss of a friend and Representative dear to them 
all. And especially did the old soldiers weep in their deep 
affliction, for they felt that in the death of Mr. Townshend 
they had lost a true friend and tried champion, always re- 
sponsive to their appeals, always liberal to their cause. 
There was a common feeling throughout the district that 
there was no one to take his jdace. The able and efficient 
manner in which he had performed every duty in this high 
office could only give additional embarrassment to his suc- 
cessor in this new field of service. 

Death is always an unwelcome messenger, but especially 
when he calls from among us one so devoted to his family, 
so attached to his friends, and so useful to his country. 

How iinfortunate for his constituents that he should be so 
suddenly taken from their necessities at the very zenith of 
his usefulness, and with what significance can we say. in the 
language of another — 

We expect the sun to go down in the evening; we expect tlie flower to 
wither in the fall; we expect the stream to be frozen in the winter; but 
that the sun should go down at noon, that the flower should wither in 
the summer, that the stream of life should be frozen before the chill of 
old age had come upon it, this is sad. 

8 Address of Mr. Williams, of Illinois, on the 

But this is the case of our departed brother. At the merid- 
iau of life, with a future full of ijromise, he was summoned 
to his Master. 

There is a lesson in the life of Mr. Townshend that ap- 
peals to the ambitious young men of the country. At one 
time a poor orphan page upon this floor, without any capital 
save his young ambitious mind, westward he went his way 
in search of wider fields for future glory, and by persistent 
industry and a faithful adherence to jKiblic duty he soon 
returned to this same Hall as one of its most useful mem- 
bers. Let the pages of this House and the yoxmg men of 
the countr}% with that same kind of pluck and energy, en- 
deavor to follow so bright an example in whatever vocation 
they may select, for — 

The heights by great men reached and kept 

Were not attained by sudden flight; 
But they, wliile their companions slejDt, 

Were toiUng upward in the night. 

In the death of Mr. Townshend his family lost a devoted 
husband and a loving father, whose pi'esence always made 
home supremely happy; his neighbors, a kind and courteoits 
friend, whose warm heart and cordial hand they were always 
glad to meet; his district and State, an able and industrious 
Representative, who was true to every trust. 

Upon the loss of such a husband, such a father, and such 
a friend, how sweet is the thought that there is no death. 

The stars go down 

To rise upon some fairer shore; 
And bright in Heaven's jeweled crown 

They sliine forever more. 

Yes, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Townshend is gone; gone from 
the glories of this life to the crowning glories of eternity; 
gone from his seat in this Hall to a higher and happier seat 

Life and Character of Richard IT. Tinciishcnd. 9 

in tlie halls of immortality, but his memory still lives and 
will continue to live in the hearts of the people he repre- 
sented so long, so faithfully, and so well. 

Address of Mr. Holman, of Indiana. 

Mr. Speaker: I can not permit this occasion to pass with- 
out adding my tribute of respect to the memory of Richard 
W. TowNSHEND and expressing my great esteem for his 
virtues and worth as a man and of the value of his services 
as a Representative of the people. I was not a member of 
this House during the first two terms of his service. I first 
became personally acquainted with Mr. Townshend at the 
ojjening of the Forty-seventh Congress, although I had 
known him well before that time by reputation. During 
the sessions of the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses 
we were associated together on the Committee on Appropri- 
ations, and during this period I became not only intimate 
with Mr. TowxsHEXD, but we became warmly attached to 
each other, and it is a great i^leasure to me to remember 
that that attachment and the kindly sentiment which ex- 
isted between us continued uninterrupted during his life. 

Mr. Townshend was in many respects a very remarkable 
man. His energy, mental and physical, seemed inexhaust- 
ible. He had at different times the control of very im- 
portant bills under the jurisdiction of the Committee on 
Appropriations, which, as chairman of subcommittees, he 
managed on the floor of the House and on committees of 
conference. He was painstaking, careful, and judicious in 
the preparation of his bills. He became thoroughly con- 
versant with all the details, and when he came upon the 

10 Address of Mr. Ho/inan, of Indiana, on the 

floor of the House, as gentlemeu who served with him will 
remember, he was a complete master of the subjects pre- 
sented and always prepared to defend every detail. 

Mr. TowNSHEND, while one of the most affectionate men 
I ever knew, a man of kindly impulses, affectionate and 
generous nature, was at the same time exceedingly positive 
in his convictions. In debate he never sought to placate his 
adversary or avoid antagonisms; he neither gave nor sought 
quarter. He presented his views forcibly and fearlessly, 
never hesitating to express his convictions, no matter what 
hostility they might provoke, and yet after a heated debate 
he never hesitated, in a kindly spirit, to meet his opponent 
and erase forever any ill-feeling the debate may have engen- 
dered, an admirable quality alike of head and heart. As a 
member of the Committee on Appropriations, and after- 
wards as chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs of 
this House, Mr. Townshend rendered very valuable serv- 
ices to the country. He participated in debate upon nearly 
all of the great questions which arose during the whole time 
he was a member of the House. 

He was a man of large views. His friends may claim for 
him that he was possessed of real breadth of statesmanship. 
And in evidence of this he was at an early hour an advo- 
cate of the policy of uniting together in an American Zoll- 
verein, an ''American commercial union," all the States on" 
this continent from Behring Sea to the farthest extreme of 
South America. 

I believe he brought into Congress the first Avell defined 
expression of such a policy in the form of a bill proposing a 
congress of all the States of America, with a view of freer 
commercial relations and breaking down all the barriers 
and restrictions on trade and commerce between the nations 
of this continent. This measure was pending in this House 

Life and Cliaracter of Richard W. Townshend. 1 1 

at the time the last Congress expired, t have before me the 
bill introduced by him as far back as the 4th day of Jan- 
uary, 1888, in which his views are carefully and fully ex- 
pressed. It has been said that Mr. Clay during the period 
of his public service suggested such a convention of repre- 
sentatives of all the States of America. It is well knoAvn 
that the present distinguished Secretary of State made a 
similar suggestion dm-ing the adminisk-ation of Mr. Gar- 
field; but so far as I am aware Mr. Townshend was the 
first who brought it in a definite form into the Congress of 
the United States. It would have been gratifying to him 
and it would have been a source of gratification to his friends 
had he lived to see the present meeting of a congress of the 
American nations on the general plan that he suggested, but 
not so comprehensive, not so broad, as that which he sought 
to accomplish, though still in the same line as his policy 

Mr. Townshend's death in the very vigor of manhood, 
when his manly powers were just fully developed, was a very 
sad event. It is imjiossible for us to understand the ways 
of Pi-ovidence, but we must feel that the Being who guides 
and directs the whole frame of nature cares for all of His 
creatures and doeth all things well. We humbly bow to 
the decrees of the all-wise and merciful Ruler. And yet the 
providence by which, in the very vigor of manhood, the 
very jaeriod of life of the greatest usefulness to his family, 
his friends, and to his country, the hour of departure of our 
friend came, is inscrutable to us; but I hope and believe the 
hour will come when we shall all see that all of the affairs 
of this world and of the universe are directed by an all-wise 
and merciful Father. 

Mr. Townshend's record in this House is honorable and 
valuable, without a blemish, and it is pleasant to remember 

12 Address of Mr. Spinola, of New York, on the 

that it will endure on the records of Congress as long as our 
race shall survive. Peace to his dust; honor to his memory. 


Mr. Speaker: Death, passing all barriers and scorning 
all human resources, has entered the Hoiise of Representa- 
tives and removed from its ranks one of the oldest in service 
of us all. 

Richard W. Townshend was born in Maryland, but 
became a resident and Rejjreseutative from the State of 
Illinois. He was preeminently and always a citizen of the 
great Republic, and during twelve years of continuous serv- 
ice illuminated the debates of this Hall and shared the 
burdens of its committees with indefatigable zeal for the 
public good. 

He began his life (if it may be so described) where others 
of this and the coordinate branch of Congress began theirs: 
as a page in the Capitol. 

His brightness, earnestness, and ability attracted the at- 
tention of the Hon. S. S. Marshall, then a Representative 
from a southern Illinois district; and seeing the capacities 
of young Townshend he invited him to make his home in 
the West. In the West Mr. Townshend studied law, and 
speedily embarked in business entei'prises which identified 
him with some of the largest operations in his section of the 
State, [u those business enterjirises he met full measure of 
.success; and liei'e, too, awaited him that greatest success 
which can befall a man: he met a true woman, who became 
his bride, and who survives him to-day, supported by her 
children, the sorrowful witness of these obsequies. 

For an instant I turn from the dead to the living, that I 

Life and Character of Richard W. Townshend. 13 

may record the gracious and fragi-ant act of Hon. Mr. 
Williams, his successor on this floor. No more gracious per- 
sonal act could have been done than when Mr. Townshend"s 
successor, knowing the desire of his heart, appointed his son 
to the Military Academy. 

In the name of Mr. Townshexd's friends and his family; 
in the name of the widow whose lot he has softened, I thank 
his generous successor for his thoughtful act. Of such are 
the beautiful deeds that soften sorrow, and make us proud 
of our kind. 

But from the pleasures of domestic life and from the en- 
grossment of private business. Mr. Townshend turned with 
natural aptitude to public affairs, and in the year 1876 was 
elected a Representative from what is now the Nineteenth 
district of his State. Himself a young man. he entered this 
Hall when gigantic presences filled it and voices were heard 
here that sounded to the remotest bounds of the nation. 
Some of those strong men remain with us. some have joined 
the silent majority, and others have been transferred to the 
Senate Chamber. But, with and among all these. Town- 
shend took part as the brave, bright man that he was, and 
speedily won their confidence, affection, and regard. 

One characteristic which was impressed upon all who met 
Mr. Townshend was his indefatigable industry in his piib- 
lic duties. I know of no man who so ceaselessly went to and 
fro in the interests of his constituents or who so untiringly 
labored for the good of those who had elected him; no man 
bore more closely to heart the claims, the sorrows, and the 
rights of his constituency. His life has been a complete 
refutation of the idle statement that an American Congress- 
man is a person of ease and luxuriousness. 

Mr. Townshend's life was a never-ending round of toil ; 
toil that met him when he went among his people; toil which 

14 Address of Mr. Spiiiola, of New York., on the 

accompanied him to Washiugtoii; toil that environed him 
by day and by night. He listened with dutifnl regai-d both 
to the plaintive cry of the solitary snppliant for justice and 
to the solemn and imperious demand for recognition of the 
great interests and issues of his times. 

His was the typical life of the member of this House. At 
his door in the morning stood clamorous need and claimed 
his aid; through all the day it stalked by his side from De- 
partment to Department, begrudging him the time he spent 
in hasty meals, and at night, invading the precincts of his 
home, it scourged him to his couch with its words of trouble 
and fretful reproach. 

To the multiplicity of such labors and cares — which have 
aged and burdened many of us — is due his final taking off; 
and in the prime of manhood he fell a sacrifice beneath the 
burdens of his high office, as distinctly as though he had 
perished upon the front line of battle. 

Mr. Speaker, the same sacrifices are made to-day in the 
Hall of this House. Men come here as did Mr. Townshend, 
full of hope, broad aspirations, country-loving desires, and 
of the noble ambition to stand well in the affections of their 
countrymen. Around them gather ten thousand cares. 
Righteous ambition is dimmed by the multitudinous demands 
of exacting jjrivate interests, which will not be neglected or 
deferred, and at the end of many careers that opened with 
high and proud hopes, strengthened by ardent friends, full 
of augury and kind omen, is a broken life and energies, ex- 
haiisted by bearing petty burdens. 

For this condition of affairs the Representatives must and 
will provide efficient remedy, trusting to the great and 
thoughtful citizens back of them for appreciative considera- 
tion. And surely the 60,000,000 who constitute this greatest 
of nations, a nation of boundless resources, whose Treasury 

Life and Character of Ridiard W. Towiisliciid. 15 

is overflowing with wetiltli and whose only dangers arise from 
abundance, will not always deny to the public servants the 
aid their offices imperatively demand. 

But during his career and in the midst of his arduous and 
exacting cares Mr. Townshend kept a steadfast eye upon 
the larger interests of liis country. He helped to settle the 
mighty issues that grew out of our troubles and war ; he 
Iielped to frame the laws upon wliicli the Republic's spread- 
ing domain stands ; and looked with a far-seeing eye to the 
important future that was to give the opportunity for a 
great continental union, where, unembarrassed, trade and 
liberty of commerce might seek their higher development. 
And so. for years, he devoted himself to a study of the rela- 
tions existing between the United States and the other States 
of this continent, bringing forward liill after bill and meas- 
ure after measure tcj secure an American federation, the 
result now happily within our attainment. 

The record of Mr. Towxshend"s labors and his speeches 
upon this subject have been indelibly carved upon the granite 
tablet of our history, and. whoever may bear this subject 
fill-ward to fruition, it will Ije found that the master hand of 
the dead Rejjresentative worked upon its foundation and 
helped to make it secure. 

Personally I knew him from the opening of the Fiftieth 
Congress. I fi)und iiim in every relationship, private or 
public, a kindly, genial gentleman: glad to give me the re- 
sult of his experience; glad to advise me when I should re- 
quire it; glad to listen to me when I desired to speak. I 
found him the counselor and friend, and always able and 
sagacious. He welcomed me into these halls, did what he 
could to make the path of legislation smooth for me, and 
extended to me every courtesy and facility. 

He whose past we review this day was devotedly attached 

16 Address of Mr. Compion, of Maryland, 07i the 

to the principles of his great party ; for them aiid it he 
wrought ceaselessly, and, while we differ in our estimate of 
those views, we all accord him a prominent place in their 

Through the great organization he loved, he saw advanced 
his country's glory and increasing fame; he was one of its 
leaders and helped to create its jjower and extend its useful- 
ness. Higher than party with him was his country, and he 
loved the Union with a lover's love, and rejoiced in its growth 
and power. 

And now we leave him to his deep repose; no more an 
actor in these scenes, he has joined the ranks of the immortal, 
awaiting the reward of ttjil and thought and speech, in the 
great hereafter, which is with God. The considerate judg- 
ment of his peers and former associates assigns him a noble 
place among the thousands who have here wrought with 
singleness of purpose for the public good; in the memory 
and affections of the people he served he will live while any 
of this generation survive; from his place of rest he will 
see that this patriotic devotion to the cause of his country and 
his kind will be rewarded by the greatness of the one and 
the continued regard of all. 

Address of Mr. Compton, of Maryland, 

Mr. Speaker: As the Representative of the Congressional 
district and a resident of the county in which Richard 
Wellington Townshend was born, I enter the list of those 
who ijropose to do honor to his memory by these memorial 
ceremonies, impelled by the obligations of a melancholy 
duty, as well as by the impulses which the partiality of per- 
sonal regard inspires. Maryland cherishes the memory of 

Life and Character of Richard IT. Toivnshend. 17 

her worthy sous with the temleruess and constancy of ma- 
ternal love, and, as she points with the jjride of a Roman 
mother to her precious jewels, in the Iouk roll of her cher- 
ished ones she recognizes the name of liiui whose virtues 
we commemorate to-day. 

In the bright morning of life he left the State of his 
nativity, never more to return to it as a resident; but, sir, 
before doing so he had imbibed from the moral and social 
atmosphere which surrounded liiui at the place of his birth 
the impress of precepts and tlie influence of the example of 
men who measured their conduct by a code of ethics as high 
and correct as any probably that ever obtained in any com- 
munity in this countrJ^ 

I venture in this presence the assertion that in no section 
of the original thirteen States was the standard of manhood 
and the touchstone of men's conduct more elevated and 
exacting than in that section of tlie State of Maryland in 
which his life began. 

Among tliose men, to falter where courage was required 
was to forfeit the resjiect of his fellows, high and low ; to 
equivocate was to sacrifice the esteem of liis neighbors: to 
seek to prosjoer by the arts of modern (so-called) smartness 
was to incur the condemnation of all whose good opinion 
was worth possessing; to take advantage of the weak or im- 
pose upon the defenseless was to provoke the contempt of 
all. These were with them as the laws of the Medes and 
Persians, imperishable and never to be violated with impunity. 

It was in this school that our departed friend learned tlie 
first and most enduring lessons of liis life, and their control- 
ling intlnence characterized and marked with em])hasis liis 
conduct in his intercourse with all men. Sir, there are two 
considei'ations whicli suggest themselves in this connection 
in whicli I speak whicli it may not be amiss to record. 
H. Mis. 2G2 a 

18 Address of Mr. Coinpton, of Maryland^ on Ihc 

In no era of recorded liistorj- can there be fonud a type of 
manhood which compares with that developed and displayed 
by tlie men of this country during the first fifty years of our 
independence as a nation. This was the product of a com- 
bination which, under the circumstances which procured it, 
made the result both natural and certain. 

The simplicity of a stern dignity which rebuked all levity; 
the earnestness of convictions unyielding and unconquer- 
able; the intensity of abhorrence of tyranny which went to 
the extreme of persecution for repression sake, as illustrated 
by the intrepid Puritan of the North in contact on the tented 
field and in the forum of high debate in support of a com- 
mon cause, with the chivalric coui'age. the courteous bear- 
ing, the generous sympathy, the unselfish heroisin of the 
gallant Cavalier of the South, begot a style of manners and 
a code of morals out of which grew a type of manhood 
which the world has never seen surpassed. Nowhere was 
this type more strongly marked oi- more robust than in the 
middle latitude of the old thirteen, where our late friend 
first breathed the air of heaven. 

And now, sir, as to the second thought which occurs to 
me — anotlier class of notable men. and of whicli class Mr. 
TowNSHEND was a representative specimen. Sir, it is the 
strongest and boldest of the hive whicli ventures farthest 
and remains away longest. So it has ever been the .strong- 
est and l)oldest of the youth of the Eastern States who have 
.shaken the dust of their native hills from their feet, severed 
the ties of home and kindred, and ventured to breast the 
billows and challenge the chances of fortune in the unde- 
veloped West, Southwest, and Northwest. And behold the 
marvelous result I Not only mighty emi^ires springing into 
being as by magic, Init emijires peopled with a race of men 
who have been and are giants in their day and generation. 

Life and Cliaractci of Ricliard ]]'. To'a'iisliciid. 19 

The Atlantic Coast States still Lave, arid ever will have 
while free American States exist, their men of mark, tall 
and imposing oaks in any forest; but the West, Northwest, 
and Southwest, in the persons of the descendants from this 
stock, is ornamented with whole foi'ests of such. 

But, Mr. Speaker, the distinguishing characteristics of 
Richard W. Towxshend were such as would have won for 
him distinction and success in any locality or community. 

Generous almost to a faiilt. C(jurageous, persevering, 
true to trusts and to friends, self-asserting, and having well- 
grounded convictions, while in his intercourse with his fel- 
lows he accorded to all, high and low, the generous cour- which is their due, he walked with head erect aiid 
demanded an<1 commanded at all times the consideration 
which was his due. 

He treated with passionate contempt the truckling spirit 
of those who woiild fawn upon or flatter the creatui-es of 
ostentatious wealth. He respected merit wherever found 
and loved the people. 

Never, sir, in the histoiy of this House did any member 
ever devote himself with more untiring zeal in the discharge 
of every duty attaching to the position, and a contented and 
generous constituency estimated him at his real value. With, 
an enlightened conscience he respected sacred things; he 
interpreted the Constitution as meaning what it said, and 
relied upon the enfoi'cement of democratic })riuciples as the 
only guaranty for the perpetuation of " liberty regulated by 
law." and was an enthusiast in his creeds, because he believed 
the converse of these propositions meant the ultimate tri- 
umph of infidelity, despotism, and anarchy. Well trained 
and vigorous, he was armed for the defense of his princi- 

Standing thus at the zenith of his worth and in the pi-ime 

20 Address of Mr. Compton, of Maryland, on the 

of life, the fell stroke of the fatal destroyei- came. When 
the sun of his life shone brightest it paled suddenly and dis- 
appeared forever. Foi-ever, did I say ? Nay. sir, let us hope 
only to reappear in a purer ether to shine with imperishable 
glory in the world eternal. With this hope let the unavail- 
ing tear be dried. And who woi;ld reliuqviish this ho])e ? 
Why shrinks the soul back upon itself and startles at de- 
struction ? Are we but as the beasts of the field and the 
grass that withers ? Is it to live, to die, and be buried that 
we were created and endowed with Godlike attribtites ? Are 
' ' the vain pomp and glory of this world " the acme of human 
hopes ? Is the feai- of • ' falling into naught " or the ' ' dread 
of something after death" to chill our efforts or dwarf our 
aspirations ? If so, then hope bids the world farewell, our 
civilization is a mockery, and the maxim of the fool, ' ' Let 
us eat, drink, and be merry," is the suminum bonum of hu- 
man happiness and the ne iJlus ultra of human wisdom. 

But, " while that which we know is little," "' are we not of 
nobler substance than the stars" and "have we not faculties 
while they have none ?" 

Dust thou art, to dust returnest, was not spoken of the soul. 
Whether in ignorance and groping in the midnight of bru- 
tish savagery or on the highest peaks of intellectual attain- 
ments, man has not and never will renounce the hope kindled 
by the spark of divinity mthin him. 

Why weep, tlien, for him who serenely to his final rest has passed, wliile 
the soft memory of liis virtues yet lingers, like twilight hues when the 
bright sun has set ? 

Life and Character of Richard IV. Townshcnd. 21 

Address of Mr. Henderson, of Illinois. 

Mr. Speaker: I can not permit this occasion to pass with- 
out paying some tribute of respect to the memory of my hxte 
colleague and friend, Hon. Richard W. Townshend. For 
twelve successive years Mr. Townshend and myself served 
together in this body a.s Representatives from the same 
State; and during all that time, while differing as we did, 
and sometimes widely, on political questions, yet our per- 
sonal relations were ever of the most friendly character. 
And to-day, looking back over our long association here, I 
well remember many acts of kindness which I received from 
his hands; for all of us, Mr. Speaker, have it in our power 
at times to assist each other in the performance of our va- 
ried and oftentimes perplexing duties as members of this 
body; and it gives me pleasure to say on this occasion that 
Mr. Townshend was, during all of our association in the 
public service, my personal friend, and that I never ap- 
pealed to him in vain for assistance when it was in hisjjower 
to render it. Grateful as he was for favors received, Mr. 
Townshend was ever prompt and ready to return them 
when the opportunity was offered. 

Mr. Speaker, Richard W. Townshend was, to a great ex- 
tent, the architect of his own fortunes. At the age of ten 
years he was attending school in this city, and I have been 
informed that in his boyhood he was a page in this body. 
At the age of eighteen years he went with Hon. Samuel S. 
Marshall, for many years a distinguished Representative in 
Congress from the State of Illinois, to that State and read 
law in his office. He was a little later elected clerk of the 
circuit court bf the county in which he lived, and served in 

22 Address of Mr. Henderson, of Illinois, on the 

tliat capacity for several years. Theu lie was elected State's 
attorney, and served for a time in that capacity. In 1876 
he was elected a Representative in Congress from the State 
of Illinois, and served as such to the day of his death, having 
been successively elected a member of the Forty-fifth, Forty- 
sixth, Forty-seventh, Forty-eighth, Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, 
and Fifty-first Congresses, biit departed this life just after 
the expiration of the.Fiftieth Congress. 

But it is not my jiiirpose, Mr. Speaker, to S23eak at length 
of the public service of my late colleague on this occasion. 
That will be better done, I am sure, by others. I desire, 
however, to add my testimony to the fidelity and ability 
with which he served his constituents and his country, to 
his kindness of heart, and to the warmth and sincerity of liis 
friendship. Eichard W. Townshend, Mr. Speaker, was 
an earnest, able, and faithful Representative, always active 
and energetic in the discharge of his piiblic duties and in 
doing whatever he believed to be for the best interests of his 
constituents and the country. 

He was not, in my opinion, a strong man physically, bait 
he was a man of great mental activity and of more than 
ordinary ability, and during his long service here he served 
his constituents not only with great fidelity, but witli un- 
tiring, iinceasing energy and industry. 

Mr. Speaker, it was with deep sorrow and regret that I 
heard of the illness and death of my friend and colleague, 
and to-day my heart is full of sorrow and sympathy for his 
bereaved widow and family. Cut down, as he was, in 
the vigor of his manhood and in the midst of his activity 
and iisef ulness, his decease is deeply deplored by his constit- 
uents and friends and by the State whicli he represented in 
part with distinguished ability for so many years as a mem- 
ber of this House. 

Life and Character of Richard IT. Townshend. 23 

But he is gone, Mr. Speaker, and how soon we shall follow 
him none of us know. But we do know that death has been 
busy with the members of the Fifty-first Congress, and that 
some of the most distinguished and useful of our associates 
have been taken from us. We can not to-day speak of the 
death of Richard W. Townshend without remembering 
that the lamented S. S. Cox, Judge Kelley. and others have 
since followed him to '-the undiscovered country, from 
whose bourn no traveler returns." 

It is sad, indeed, to think that the voices of these dis- 
tinguished men, heard so often in these halls during my 
service here, will be heard no more forever. They were 
able and faithful Representatives and public servants, and 
it will be well for us if we imitate their virtues and dis- 
charge our duties here with the same fidelity and honesty 
which characterized them in their long and faithful i:)ublic 
service. Then it can be said of us, as I am sure we may all 
say of them. 

Well doue, thdii good and faithful .servants. 

ADDRESS OF Mr. Hooker, of Mississippi. 

Mr Speaker: When requested by the gentleman from 
Illinois [Mr. Williams], the immediate successor of our de- 
ceased friend, to take part in these obsequies of our lamented 
brother, I responded that I would regard it not only as a 
duty to do so, but one which, in view of the relations which 
existed between Mr. Townshend and myself, I should feel 
myself remiss if I did not consent to perform. And though 
I have no written speech to deliver commemorative of the 
virtues and public services of our fi'iend and brother, I have 

24 Address of Mr. Hooker, of Mississippi, on the 

a word to say in reference to my connection witli liim in the 
rendering of those services. 

Sir, deatli to the old or those whom Providence has afflicted 
with infirmities seems natural, but when it comes to those 
who are in the meridian of life and at the very acme of their 
usefulness, it is hard for frail humanity to exclaim : 

The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name of 
the Lord. 

Mortality is the fate of all, but he whose magic hand 
swept across the chords of the human heart with a touch 
probably never equaled by another has told us that even in 
this case — 

Tlie weariest and most loathed worldly life 
That age, ache, penury, and imprisonment 
Can lay on nature is a paradise 
To what we fear of death. 

That sentiment of the great English poet may be true, Mr. 
Speaker, but there is another equally true— that to him who 
has met the duties and obligations of life and discharged 
them faithfully death comes but once, and once only to the 
brave, come when it may. Thus it came most unexpectedly 
to our deceased brother. 

I was associated with him in many Congresses in which 
he served, and in the Fiftieth Congress, which had just 
closed. Only a few days before his death I met him in these 
Halls and had familiar social intercourse with him. He 
looked the picture of health, and he was animated, as his 
distinguished colleague. General Henderson, has said, by 
the hope, the elastic spirit, and the fine temper which al- 
ways distinguished him. little apprehending that he in his 
turn, and in a few days, must pay the debt of mortality 
which all humanity must pay. And I was grieved ere yet I 
had reached my home to learn by the telegraphic wire that 

Life and Character of Richard IV. ToiuJis/ieiid. 25 

he whom I had left in such robust health, in such vigorous 
physical condition, and such hopeful frame of mind had, 
alasl passed away in the prime of his manhood. 

It was my fortune. Mr. Speaker, to he associated with Mr. 
TowNSHEND from his first entrance into these Halls. Thehis- 
tory of his life has beeu given by his distinguished successor 
from his own Congressional district, and given, too, by my 
friend from Maryland [Mr. Compton], who represents the 
district in wliich Mr. ToWNSHEND was born. At an early age 
he left tlie home of his nativity and came to this city, ex- 
hibiting even in his boyhood those marvelous traits of his 
character— zeal, intrepidity, energy, fidelity, and honesty in 
the discharge of wliatever duty was devolved upon him. 

Moved by the spirit which moves so many of our young 
men in the Eastern and Middle States, he sought his fortune 
in the great West. Making his home in the State of Illinois, 
he was there the recipient of many honors. Admitted to the 
bar at the age of twenty -two, elected to the responsible posi- 
tion of representing his constituency in the central execu- 
tive committee for several years; elected as a delegate to 
the convention which met in ISr^; and then. sir. the same 
spirit that animated him in the discharge of these duties 
recommended him to the constituency in whose midst he 
lived, and he had the honor to be selected by a large major- 
ity to the Forty-fifth, the Forty-sixth, the Forty-seventh, 
the Forty-eighth, the Forty-ninth, the Fiftieth, and the 
Fifty-first Congresses. In all these positions he discharged 
the duties that devolved upon him with wonderful zeal and 

When he was nominated by the Speaker of the last House 
of Representatives as chairman of the Committee on Mili- 
tary Affairs I must confess that I felt some anxiety, some 
trepidation as to how he would meet the responsibilities of 

26 Address of Mr. Hooker^ of Mississippi, on the 

the grave position to which the Speaker had assigned him; 
for I had not understood that he had been so situated as to 
acquire kno\v-ledge of military affairs. But I was more than 
gratefully disappointed when I, as an humble member of 
that committee, associated with him in the last Congress, 
found that he brought to the discharge of the duties of the 
chairmanship of this great committee, having in its care the 
Army of the United States and the laws which govern it — 
I found that by zeal and industry and study and familiarity 
with military men. whose society he always courted, he had 
made himself preeminently familiar with the questions com- 
ing before him in the position to which the Speaker of the 
last House had assigned him. 

No man has exhibited on this floor a greater knowledge 
of the laws which should govern the country in providing 
for its soldiers and officers. He familiarized himself most 
thoroughly with all the laws that liad been enacted on this 
subject. In the debates on this floor when he imagined, and 
probably imagined correctly, that the particular jurisdiction 
of his own committee was invaded by others, he defended it 
with all the zeal and earnestness, and even, I may say. ag- 
gressiveness, which characterized him whenever he spoke 
upon any subject. No public position was ever filled with 
greater honor, fidelity, zeal, and courage than his chairman- 
ship of that committee. 

The honorable gentleman [Mr. Ciitcheon] who l>as now 
the honor to preside over that committee was associated with 
us in the last Congress. The best that I can make for 
him is that in the administration of his great duties he may 
imitate the zeal, the ability, the learning, and the bravery 
which distinguished our deceased comrade in the discliarge 
of those responsible duties. 

Others have s^joken of Mr. Townshend's private and 

Life and Character of Richard IV. Toivnshcnd. 27 

social virtues. It was my fortune to be witli liim in tlie 
Forty-fifth Congress, the Forty-sixth and the Forty-seventh, 
and to be with him again in the Fiftieth Congress. It is a 
source of profound regret to me that I can not have the 
pleasure of being with him in the present Congress. 

But early as he departed this life, soon as the great de- 
stroyer mowed him down, he has left behind him a name 
and a record upon the Congressional history of this country 
that will cause him to be forever remembered in the estima- 
tion of those with whom he associated and the constituency 
whom he served so faithfully and bravely. 

Long as was my association with him, Mr. Speaker, I did 
not discover that he had a single vice or fault. If he had, 
intimate association for several years never disclosed it to 
me. We may now commit his remains to the bosom of our 
common mother, the earth, with the declaration that no 
man knew him so intimately as to discover that he was ever 
afraid to speak his sentiments, ever afraid to announce his 
views. Performing faithfidly all the duties of life, if he 
had any faults I did not know them; and if there were such 
we commit them with him to the judgment of that Great 
Author of our common being who holds the scales of justice 
to weigh us all with even balance and omnipotent power. 
We commit them to the keen gaze of Him — 

Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, and meted 
out lieaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the eartli in a 
measure, and weighed the mountains in scales and the hills in a balance. 

28 Address of Mr. Cutc/ieon^ 0/ Michigan, on the 

Address of Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan. 

Mr. Speaker : Success among men is not measured so 
much by the absolute elevation that is gained as it is by the 
distance traveled; not so much by the honors that are at- 
tained as by the obstacles which are overcome and by the 
character which is developed in overcoming those obstacles. 
Some men are born with all the adventitious aids of wealth, 
of powerful friends, of influential connections. To such 
there is no excuse for not succeeding, except the want of 
ability to succeed. But others are obliged to contest every 
inch of ground and grow strong with battle; and in such, 
courage and vigor are developed by the conflict. Of this 
latter class of men, Mr. Speaker, men who have grown 
strong by conflict, was Mr. Richard W. Townshend, our 
deceased colleague, in whose memory we speak to-day. 

It is not necessary for me. sir, to repeat the history of 
his life. I shall merely recall some of the steps of his prog- 
ress in order that we may therebj^ measure the strength of 
his character and the power of his will. Born in an adjoin- 
ing county of Maryland, almost if not quite within sight of 
the dome of this Capitol, he was at two years of age, by the 
death of his father, left an orphan, the youngest but one of 
nine children. With his mother he removed while still a 
child to this city, in order that the children might enjoy bet- 
ter advantages for an education than could be obtained in the 
country where they were residing. It was here in this Cap- 
ital that he gained whatever schooling he received. While 
still in early life he became a clerk in Shillington's book- 
store in this city, which then occupied the corner of Four- 
and-a-half sti-eet and Pennsylvania avenue, and it was there 

Life and Character of Richard ]]'. Townsheiid. 29 

that he met and became acquainted with the great states- 
men of the day. about the time of the great agitation over 
the repeal of the Missoiiri compromise and the enactment of 
the Kansas-Nebraska bill. 

It was there, Mr. Speaker, that Mr. Towxshend was accus- 
tomed to hear the voices of such statesmen as Douglas and 
Cass and became inspired with the hope and purpose that 
he might himself participate in the councils of the nation. 
At a later date, through the assistance of one of the lionor- 
able Representatives of the State of Illinois, he received an 
api^ointment as page upon the floor of. this House, during 
the Speakership of our venerable colleague who but a few 
moments ago sat here upon my right. General Banks. 
Through the advice and counsel of Hon. S. S. Marshall, of 
Illinois, he was induced, like many other young men of the 
day, to try his fortunes in the great, growing, and inviting 
Western country, and with Mr. Marshall he went to Illin<_)is, 
and after a temporary stay at Cairo he settled at McLeans- 
borough, where he remained until 1873. Four years after 
his movement westward, having occupied himself mainly in 
teaching and the study of the law. he was admitted to the 
bar of that State, and liis next step in the of life 
was his election as clerk of the county in which he resided, 
and, on the expiration of his term in tliat office, he was 
elected prosecuting or State's attorney for the twelfth ju- 
dicial distinct, comprising, I believe, .some six counties. At 
the end of that period of service, having removed in the 
meantime to Shawneetown, which remained his home until 
his lamented death, for some four years he engaged in the 
business of his profession as a practitioner of the law and 
also in the banking business. 

But the industry which he had displayed in the offices to 
which lie had already been called pointed to him as a man 

30 Address of Mr. Ciitcheon^ of Michigan, on the 

fitted for a higher and wider spliere of action, and so in 1876 
the constituency of that Congressional distinct called upon 
him to become their standard-bearer as the representative 
of the Democratic party and to come to this Capital as their 
Representative in Congress. At each successive election 
after that date he was again and again returned until death 
took him from the scene of iisefulness and activity which 
he so well occupied. 

I have thus, Mr. Speaker, very briefly recounted the out- 
ward aspect of his life and growth, not so much to dwell 
upon his several successive stages of activity, as to indicate 
thereby the growing and increasing c(jnfidence which the 
people with whom he came in contact reposed in him. 

In this House he was called to various fields of activity. 
He served upon the Committee on the Judiciary, and for a 
number of terms upon the Committee on Appropriations, 
and finally as chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. 
It was not until the Forty-eighth Congress, when I took my 
seat in this body, that I became personally ac(iuainte(l with 
Mr. TowNSHEND, and not until the Fiftieth Congress that 
the acquaintance ripened into anything that could be called 
intimacy between i;s. We sat upon opposite sides of this 
Hall. Ovlt opinions differed widely and very frequently 
clashed, and yet I learned to know Mr. Townshend as a 
man of earnest, strong conviction, fearless in the expression 
of what he believed to be right, and one who always had 
the courage of his convictions. 

At the organization of the Fiftieth Congress it became ap- 
parent to the then Speaker of the House that Mr. Town- 
shend was entitled to an apijointment among the higher 
or more important chairmanships of the committees of the 
House. The gentleman who would have been the senior mem- 
ber on the Democratic side of the Committee on Military 

Life and Character of Richard J I'. To'iOishcud. 31 

Affairs in the Fiftieth Congress was General Wheeler, of 
Alabama. But I presume that the fact that his colleague, 
Colonel Herbert, also of Alaliama. was already at the head 
of the great Committee on Naval Affairs was the reason 
why another was selected to fill the chairmanship of Mili- 
tary Aft'airs, and that honor and responsibility fell upon our 
lamented colleague. 

It was, perhaps, as has been indicated by my friend, Gen- ^ 
eral Hooker, a bold thing for a man who had seen no mili- 
tary service and who had never served on the Committee on 
Military Affairs, to accept the chairmanship of that very 
important committee, amongst associates composed almost 
entirely of nnlitary men, and numbering among them such 
veterans as Generals Hooker and Spinola, and especially Avas 
this so when we look back at the long line of distinguished 
soldiers who have served at the head of that committee since 
the beginning of the late war. The first of these was Gen- 
eral Robert C. Schenck, a major-general of volunteers. He 
was succeeded by the lamented James A. Garfield, a major- 
general of volunteers and afterward President of the United 
States. Then came General John A. Logan, of Illinois; 
General John Coburn. of Indiana; General Henry B. Ban- 
ning, of Ohio; General W. A. J. Sparks, of Illinois; Gen- 
eral T. J. Henderson, our distinguished colleague who has 
just .spoken; ilaj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, for a long 
time at the head of the Army of the Cumberland, and Gen- 
eral Edward S. Bragg, of Wisconsin, the galhuit com- 
mander of the "Iron Brigade." These were the men who 
had held position as chairman of the Committee on Military 
Affairs from ISfil until the beginning of the Fiftieth Con- 
gress, and to this illusti'ious line our friend and colleague, 
Mr. TowNSHEND, was called. I must confess, Mr. Speaker, 
that for one, serving then my third term on that committee, 

32 Address of Mr. Cufckcoti, of Michigan, on the 

I felt some misgivings as to liis success in carrying the bur- 
dens which this apiioiutment imposed, not from any want 
of conhdeuce in his ability, but from a distrust of his famil- 
iarity with the aflf airs of that important committee and with 
the special line of legislation intrusted to it. 

But all such apprehensions were soon dissipateil. He as- 
sumed the position to which he was assigned with confidence 
in himself and in his ability to meet 6very just requirement, 
and with an industry, a modesty, a discernment, and an im- 
partiality which very soon gained him the c<mfidence of every 
member of that committee. Strong partisan as he was in 
party contests uijon this floor, within the committee-room no 
member of that committee could ever have discerned to which 
political party he belonged. He apjjlied himself at once and 
in earnest to acquire the necessary knowledge and familiar- 
ity, not only with the duties of the office, but with the great 
questions that came before the committee, until he made him- 
self master of the situation. We all shall remember the 
earnest fight Mr. Townshend made for what he believed to 
be the just rights of his committee in the Fiftieth Congress. 
I refer to the matter of seacoast defense. His committee 
had reported a bill upcm this subject which was upon tlie 
Calendar, and when it was proposed to take this juris- 
diction from his committee and transfer it to another we 
shall ever remember the vigor, the earnestness, and the cour- 
age with which he contended for what he believed to lie the 
right. We shall also remember another fight which lie made 
in the Forty-ninth Congress ui)on the Mexican pension bill. 
His name will be ever intimately connected with that legis- 

There were other measures that were very dear to his heart, 
one of which has already been allnded to: the bill to bring 
about a conference or congress of tlie American nations. I 

Life and Character of Richard IT. Townshend. 33 

can not say that the idea originated with liini. I believe that 
honor belongs to Henry Clay, and after him to Stephen A. 
Douglas, of his own State; Init it has had no warmer friend 
and no more zealous advocate in Congress since I have had 
the honor to be a member of the House than was our col- 
league, Mr. Townshend. 

Mr. Speaker, I am glad to have had this opi^ortunity to 
bear my testimony to his iidelity and patriotism, and to ren- 
der this inadequate tribute to his character and work. 

Our eulogies will not be long remembered, their breath 
will pass like the perfume of a fading flower, but his work 
will abide and his memory will be cherished long after the 
last echo of our praises shall have passed into oblivion. 

Mr. Speaker, it is no light responsibility to be a member of 
this House. When we consider the number and the breadth 
of the questions which are here to be discussed and decided, 
the responsibility is indeed a great <me. To take charge of 
one of the great committees of this House is a larger responsi- 
bility. But when you come to test the real power of a 
man, it can best be done when you try his hold upon the 
people from whom he comes, and the fact that Mr. Town- 
shend was returned to this House by a great constituency 
that knew him well for seven successive Congresses is suffi- 
cient and adequate evidence that he came close to the hearts 
of his people. He was a gentleman in his bearing, always 
urbane, always friendly, and whenever he went among the 
people he had a friendly word and a cordial gi-asp of the hand 
for every one. 

I shall remember with pleasure, and with pleasure only, 
my association with him on the Committee on Military Af- 
fairs. But he has gone from us. I shall never forget the 
last time that I met him. apparently in the fullness of 
health and in the zenith of a successful career. 1 met him 
H. Mis. 262 3 

34 Ad(/rtss of Mr. Maish^ of FViuisylvciiiia, on the 

at a reception wliich was given in this city to a former Vice- 
President of the United States. Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, of 
Maine. We parted that night for the last time, and almost 
before I was aware tliat he was ill came the stunning intelli- 
gence that he had passed away. Having tarried in the city 
after the adjournment of Congress it was my fortune to be 
one of those who Ijore him to his last resting place. On the 
romantic and picturesque banks of Rock Creek we laid him 
to his rest — 

After work well done, 

After battle well won. 

A patriotic citizen, a clean-handed and far-seeing states- 
man, a loving and affectionate father and liusband— in the 
broadest and fullest sense of the word a good man— we laid 
him to his rest. May he sleep in peace! 


Mr. Speaker: We withdraw for a short time from the ex- 
citing scenes of legislative strife to pay the last sad rites to 
a departed brother. It is fitting that we should do this; pre- 
eminently so when in honor of a good man and faithful pub- 
lic servant. Our late brother merits our highest homage, 
for he ad(jrned every public station he was called upon to fill. 

I first met him at the opening of the Forty-fifth Congress, 
his first appearance here as a Representative. Our acquaint- 
ance soon ripened into a warm personal attachment which 
continued unbroken until death removed him from our midst. 
At the end of the Forty-fifth Congress I retired from pub- 
lic life, and returned to it again at the Fiftieth Congress. 
My old friend, who had been here uninterruptedly all the 
time, cordially welcomed me back to this Hall, and for the 

Life and Character of Richard W. Town she iid. 35 

two sessions that we served together in that Congress he 
was my daily companion. His death, therefore, was to me 
more than an ordinary loss. A friend whose adoption I had 
tried and whom I had grappled to my soul with hooks of 
steel has passed from time into eternity. I dare not trust 
myself to dwell longer upon my personal relations with 


The road to public station in our country is opened to all. 
The opportunity to reach it is afforded by our free institu- 
tions; bvitfor this very reason genuine merit is most certain 
to win, and therefore it is safe to conclude that the man who 
succeeds in public life is the one who most deserves success. 
The people, who are the fountain of power in this country, 
are not slow to discern the merits of a competitor for public 
honor. This is strikingly illustrated in the career of Mr. 
Tov^TNSHEND. Without the advantages of a thorough educa- 
tion, he rose by gradual steps from the position of a page in 
this House to the exalted office of Representative in Con- 
gress. The bald summary of the principal events of his 
life as given in the Congressional Directory will give you 
the successive steps of his ascent, and I will read it, for it is 
replete with instruction: 

Richard W. Townshend, of Shawneetown. was born in Prince 
George's County, Md., April 30, 1840; came to Washington City when 
ten years of age, and was there educated at public and private schools; 
removed to Illinois in 185S; taught school in Fayette County; studied law 
with S. S. Jilarshall at McLeansborough; was admitted to the bar in 1862. 
and has since practiced; was clerk of the circuit court of Hamilton County 
1863-1868; was prosecuting attorney for the twelfth judicial circuit 1868- 
1872; removed in 1873 from McLeansborough to Shawneetown, where he 
was an officer of the Gallatin National Bank; was a member of the 
Democratic State central committee of Illinois 1864, 1865, 1874, and 187o; 
was a delegate to tlie national Democratic convention at Baltimore in 
1873: was elected to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, Forty-seventli. Forty- 
eighth. Forty-ninth, and Fiftieth Congresses, and was reelected to the 
Fifty- first Congress. 

36 Address of Mr. Maish^ of Pennsylvania., oit the 

Such continiied pi'eferment by his coustitueuts is the best 
evidence of his worth. He was their trusted servant, and 
the longer he continued in their service the stronger became 
their attachment for him. What a touching spectacle was 
presented in his district when the sad intelligence of his 
death reached it. His grief-stricken people assembled in 
the churches, in the courthouses, in the schoolhouses to do 
honor to his memory, and in solemn language gave expres- 
sion to the love and esteem in which they held him and the 
deep sense of the loss they sustained. No higher testimony 
could be produced of the deep place he occupied in the 
hearts of his people. 

I have no doubt that it was fortunate for Mr. Townshend 
to have commenced life in a book-store in this city, as he did , 
for whilst there he acquired an insatiable thirst for English 
literature, a passion that never deserted him during his act- 
ive and busy life. There it was that he laid the ground- 
work of his future success. In that little store he formed 
the acquaintance of some of the great statesmen of those 
days, and their example filled him with high and laudable 
aspirations. As he once told me, he left his humble station 
liere to seek his fortune in the West with the firm resolution 
that he would return to the Capital of his country as a Rep- 
resentative in Congress. He had read much, and inwardly 
learned and digested what he had read. He was, therefore, 
according to Lord Bacon, both a full and a ready man, and 
such undoubtedly he was. 

The personal characteristics of our brother were all calcu- 
lated to contribute to his success in life. So thoroughly did 
he, under all circumstances, maintain his integrity, that 
suspicion never dared to whisj^er his name. He was always 
actuated by the highest sense of duty. Expediency could 
not swerve him from it nor party advantage induce him to 

Life and Character of Richard IV. To-a'iishcnd. 37 

abandon it. To him its call was always imperative. He 
was an in.lefatigaljle worker. He had the genins of method- 
ical application, and that enabled him to do the work of two 
ordinary men. Great labor is the price of success, and he 
paid to the very farthing its exacting price. 

He often participated in the discussions of this body, and 
his addresses give evidence of the great care and researcli 
he bestowed upon their preparation. He possessed many of 
the highest qualities of the orator. He was gifted with a 
singularly melodious voice. Clear as the notes of a lute, it 
could be distinctly heard in every part of this Hall. Though 
he knew no other language but his mother tongue, of this, 
however, he was a master. To these qualities lie added a 
most agreeable manner. His delivery was easy and grace- 
ful. He was highly endowed with the faculty of impromptu 
speaking, and hence he was a ready and forcible debater. 

He was cut down with his armor on in the very prime of 
life. To what honors he would have reached had he lived 
another score of years no one can conjecture. When we 
contemplate the wonderful success he already achieved and 
his great resources, we can not doubt, to borrow the lan- 
guage of another — 

That in his left hand would have been uncounted riches and abundant 
honor, if only length of days had been given to his right. 

Mr. Speaker, all that was mortal of poor DickTownshend 
lies beneath the sod, but the immortal lives and whispers to 
ear and heart in the old sweet, gentle tones of the joy of a 
coming reunion. 

38 Address of Mr. Lane, of Illinois, on the 

ADDRESS OF Mr, Lane, of Illinois. 

Mr. Speaker: It is said that in life we are in the midst 
of death. At the eud of every life there is an open grave. 
Life passes through us; we do not possess it. It is the off- 
spring of death, and one life is but a gleam of time between 
two eternities. 

There is nothing of which we are so fond and withal so 
careless as life. God is the Giver, and life is with us a part- 
nership, and the great problem of life is to make the ideal 
real, and connect the divine at the summit of the mountain 
with the human at the base. It is written that "all men 
must die." No lawyer has ever yet perfected an appeal or 
sued out a writ of error from the judgment which dooms us 
to deatli. From it no appeal lies. 

The mandate and sentence are issiied from a court of last 
resort. People come and go as the grass of the field or the 
leaves of the forest, and the countless millions that throng 
the world to-day and dispose of its business will to-morrow 
melt as snow before the meridian sun. But is this all? Is 
death to be the end? The grave withoiit hojie? If there is 
no morning to dawn upon the night of death's sleep then 
sorrow has no consolation and life is without a meaning. 
Can we only agree with the poetess when she says: 

Life, I know not what thou art. 
But I know that thou and I must part; 
And when, or where, or how we met, 
I own to me "s a secret vet. 
* * * * 

'Tis liard to part when friends are dear; 
Perhaj3s "twill cost a sigh, a tear; 
Then steal away, give little warning; 

Choose thine own time, say not good night, 
But in some brighter clime bid me good morning. 

TJfc and Character of Kicliani ]]'. lomtsJ/finL 39 

In the beautiful drama of Ion the instinct of immortality, so 

eloquently written by the death-devoted Greek, finds a deejj 

response in every thoughtful soul. When about to yield his 

young existence as a sacrifice to fate, his beloved Clemanthe 

asks liim if they should not meet again; to which he rejilied: 

I have asked that dreadful question of the hills that look eternal: of the 
eti'eams that flow forever ; of the stars among whose fields of azure my 
raised spirit has walked in glory. All were dumb. But wliile I gaze upon 
thy face I feel that there is something in that love that mantles through its 
beauty that can not wholly perish. We shall meet again, Clemanthe. 

It was asked many generati(_)ns ago: 
If a man die, shall he live again ? 

Later on it was answered by the blessed Master, who said : 

He that believeth on Me hath everlasting Ufe. 

It is not all of life to live, nor all of death to die, and every 
man has lived long enough who has gone through life with an 
nntarnished character. So it was with my friend Richard 
W. TowNSHEND. He died like a hero; he fell at his post, 
contending for the right. What better ending of a human 
life could there be ? Mr. Townshend was himself and no 
one else; he was no imitator; he said and did what no one 
but Richard W. Townshend could say and do. Such a 
character as his could not l)e constructed or i)ut together. 
It needs first of all a principle that is animated, and one, 
therefore, that is animating. It wants an impidse, glowing, 
determined, and passionate, and these were possessed in an 
eminent degree by Mr. Townshend. 

The last time I saw him in this Chamber he was engaged 
in a protracted debate with that distinguished statesman and 
prince of parliamentai'ians, now unfortunately absent from 
this House, Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania. That evening, 
as we shook hands and parted at the door of this Chamber, 
I congratulated him on the splendid effort he had made in 
the defense of his committee. He told me he was very tired. 

40 Address of Mr. Laiu\ of Illinois^ o/i the 

and thus we separated fur the night. The next morning he 
was taken sick, and in a little over one week from that time, 
when, at my home in Illinois, his friends wired me that he 
was dead, I could scarcely believe my senses; yet it was true. 
I could only see him as he contended on this floor for more 
than two hours in debate in that memorable contest that I 
have mentioned, in the full meridian of his manhood and iii 
the very zenith of his power. He had taught school when a 
young man in one of the counties in the district which I now 
have the honor to represent on this floor, and he was very 
well acciuainted there, and when it became known that he 
was no more every head was bowed in sorrow and every 
heart went out in loving sympathy to his heartbroken widow 
and his orphan children. He was well known all over the 
State of Illinois, but more particularly in the southeru part, 
where he resided, and in the Nineteenth district of that State, 
which for so many terms he represented on this floor. 

He moved to Illinois when he was but eighteen years of 
age, and without money and by his own exertions he rajjidly 
rose to eminence and was in the true sense of that term a 
self-made man. From a clerk in a book-store to a page in 
Congress; from a page to a school teacher; from a teacher 
to a lawyer; from a lawyer to a clerk of a circuit court: from 
clerk of the circuit court to prosecuting attorney for the 
twelfth district of Illinois, and from prosecuting attorney to 
a seat in Congress, to which place he was five times reelected. 
He was a true embodiment of Amei'ii^an progress and man- 
hood, and an examjjle to every aspii'ing, moneyless young 
man in this nation, as to the boundless possibilities that are 
open before him. 

In what country in the world could a child of poverty have 
risen to the highest honors of the State? In what land and 
under what civilization but our own could like results be 

Life and CJiaractcr of Richard IF. 7\ra'iis/ifiid. 41 

accomplislied? And, Mr. Siieaker, panloii mo for the allu- 
sion when I say that, the great State of Illinois has contrib- 
iited its full quota of such men to the nation and to the 
world, prominent among whom were a Douglas and a Lin- 
coln. But death has no res])ect for greatness. The strong 
and brave are stricken down side by side with the feeble 
and the timid. The rich and poor, peasant and king, are 
subject alike to his fatal shaft. It is so ordered by our heav- 
enly Father, and I bow my head in humble submission, and 
on this occasion I pay my simple but heartfelt tribute of 
respect to the memory of my departed friend, one whom I 
could always trust and whose conduct was uniformly marked 
by dignity, courtesy, and kindness. 

His friends and associates, the members of this House, the 
whole people of tlie State that he loved and served so well, 
have joined in lamenting his death and honoring his mem- 
ory. Oh, that my confused mind could conceive and my 
poor stammering tongue express in some fitting words the 
deep sense of the loss my sad heart feels at the death of him 
we mourn to-day. But I am cheered when I see that my 
colleagues here to-day, who knew our departed friend more 
intimately than I. have done ample justice to his memory 
in their eloquent eulogies. We know that the mortal body 
of our friend lies in the silent city of the dead; but that is 
not death, for the immortal soul is safe in the abode of the 
blessed, beyond the reach of praise and censure, where it 
shall enjoy a state of eternal felicity forever. 

There is no death ! The stars go down 

To rise upon some fairer shore. 
And liri^ht in lieaven's jeweled crown 

They sliine for evermore. 

There is no death ! But angel forms 

Walk o'er the earth with silent tread; 
They bear ovu- liest k)Ted things away 

And then we call them dead. 

42 Address of Mr. Henderson, of loiva, on the 

Address of Mr. Henderson, of Iowa. 

Mr. Speaker: Death, though no more mysterious than 
birth, is the most fearful word known to human si^eech. No 
matter what may be your religion, it brings terror to life's 
busy circle. 

Be you the trustful Christian, believing without a doubt 
in another state of existence where we can recognize the ob- 
jects of our earthly loves, or be you one who sees in death 
only the closing scene in life's drama or tragedy, and hoping 
only for mental sleep and rest, with swift alliances with 
other forces, but all unconscious of the former self: believe 
or think or hope whatever you will, death is "the king of 
terrors," and few, a sad, sad few, may bid him welcome. 

And yet death, always approaching — cold, relentless death, 
is ever just, and nature's kindest messenger to man. 

It strikes the mighty leader in the battle's front. It strikes 
the mightier leader in the field of thought. We see it 
entering the poor man's home and leave a wife and little ones 
without a shield from jioverty and want. The sweetest face, 
the brightest eye, and loveliest form are powerless, even for 
an instant, to keep back the falling blow. It toiiches the 
cradle and the pretty baby wakes no more. It walks 
through your city to-day and to-morrow you are a stranger 
in your own home. 

We tax philosophy, call out the last reserve of courage, ■ 
lean on religion and appeal to hope, and yet how hard it is 
to say amen, amen! 

And yet I do repeat that death, cold, .seeming cruel, is 
ever just and kind, and tender as the mother's kiss upon her 
baby's face. 

Life and Characicr of Richard ]]\ To'ciishciid. 43 

The last year, it seems to me, has been more than full of 
death's unexpected visits. In twenty-five years the last 
twelve months have seemed to bring more than the usual 
number of destroying calls. I do not speak from autlientic 
data, but yet it has been my observation that the blows, to 
an unusual extent, have fallen on the strong, the active, 
and those whose strength and years seemed full of promise 
for a long and active life. Of this class Hon. R. W. 
TowNSHEND was a conspicuous example. He had left us 
even before we could believe that this active, vigorous. 
plucky man could really be in danger. Of all our number 
none seemed further removed from the assaults of fatal ill- 
ness. His death leaves a great gap in our circle here, and 
who can estimate the loss of so devoted a husband and 
father? In this city his loss was deeply felt and pro- 
foundly moiirned. 

He was an earnest, reliable, and warm friend of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. Here is a great city, filled with a most 
intelligent and moral people, and yet without direct repre- 
sentation on this floor. Interests pressing from home upon 
Representatives cause us to Ije indifl'erent to the great wants 
of these people. Mr. Townshend was a bright exception 
to this rule, and never failed, by vote and voice, to fight for 
and defend the interests of the citizens of this District. 

He was not content wdth following others in legislation, 
though reliable and never faltering in support of party 
issues. But he had the ability, industry, and ambition to 
enter large fields. I instance his investigations and elab- 
orate speech touching Pan-American interests, a speech 
that vouches for much hard work and painstaking investi- 
gation. It showed that he was a man who comprehended 
extended Ainerican interests, and that he was in the 
advance guard of those favoring more intimate commercial 

44 Address of Mr. Henderson.^ of loica, on the 

relations lietween all the countries of North and South 
America. His activity as to interests that have called 
the great Pan-American Congress to ovir national capital 
attest the progressive and aggressive bent of his vigoi'ous 

All will admit the integrity of our deceased brother. In 
his long term of service in this House who ever heard his 
integrity as a law-maker and as a man called in question ? 
He leaves a spotless name to his descendants. 

He was a Democrat of the strongest type. He was an un- 
compromising partisan, and he fought for his jJarty as if 
fighting for his life. In non-partisan matters he was kind 
and obliging to a degree worthy of imitation. 

Socially he had but few equals. Full of clean, generous 
mirth and a happy humor, he was always a rich addition to 
a so -ial gathering. He had the true gift of conversation, 
which is to find points of agreement and not points of 
difference. No man ever left a comi^any of which Mr. 
TowNSHEND was a part feeling wounded by unkind or even 
thoughtless observations by him. He was ever the genial, 
warm-hearted, happy friend. 

He was a self-made man, and grew stronger because of 
the difficulties and single-handed struggles of early life. 
His success attested the opportunities in this Republic for 
pluck, courage, and ability to climb in spite of poverty and 
adverse early conditions. 

He was a keen debater and a ready talker. 

He was a close observer and quick to understand the pub- 
lic pulse, and in an eminent degree possessed that industry 
so vital to real success, whether in private or in public life. 

We have lost a strong man from oiir numbers, and one 
deserving the tributes this day paid to his memory. While 
sjjeaking of Mr. Townshend to-day we can not forget the 

Life and Character of Richard W. Imviishcnd. 45 

lamented Cox, tlie lamented Kelley, and others who have so 
long been conspicuous as members of this body. I trust 
that we shall all take a lesson from the death of these distin- 
guished men, and that at least we shall endeavor, while we 
remain here, to discharge our puldic duties with the same 
fidelity which they exhibited, and with the same entire devo- 
tion to our constituents and to our country. 


Mr. Speaker : No word can fittingly describe the calam- 
ity a family sustains when its head is taken. No human 
tongue can express the loss that a country sustains when a 
wise patriot falls. But these two impossibilities, Mr. 
Speaker, will not deter me from coming and, in my humble 
way briefly, on this sad occasion, laying ray oflFering of 
affectionate regret and high appreciation upon the tomb of 
Richard W. Townshend. You have already been told 
how he struggled in early youth in Maryland and in this 
city, and how later on he went to the Mississippi Valley, 
the most marvelous valley of the whole earth-, which 
Napoleon predicted when selling it to us would cause its 
possessor to be the greatest nation in the world. He went 
there and pitched his tent beside its most beautiful waters. 
It did not take a discriminating people, a people who loved 
a " government of the people, by the people, for the people." 
long to see that in Mr. Townshend they could have a fit- 
ting Representative and that with him could be safely 
lodged their dearest interests. So that we see his life epito- 
mized by a statement that, although he was cut down at the 
untimely age of forty-eight, although lie had ])assed but 
twenty-seven years from his majority until his death. 

46 Address of Mr. McMi/liii, of Tennessee., on the 

twenty-one of those years had been spent in the piiblic serv- 
ice, and in all that twenty-one years ej'^e hath not seen nor 
ear heard a single man who ever raised his voice against 
the intelligence, the integrity, or the industry of this man. 

And, Mr. Speaker, whilst I do not believe that for a free 
American citizen there ought to exist an aristocracy of any 
kind, while I believe that individual citizenship and indi- 
vidual worth are the things most to be lauded and most to 
be sought as characteristics of the citizen, 1 do hold that if 
there were one at the feet of which an American could prop- 
erly bow, it would be found in a combination of such intel- 
ligence, integrity, and industry as were possessed by our 
lost friend. He was elected by the people a member of this 
House and sent here, and it was my fortune for ten years to 
be intimately associated with him. On committee, in the 
House, in the city, everywhere, he was the same man, the 
same great good man, the same man with two sides to his 
life, one of velvet, to be presented in love and affection 
to his family and friends; another, with a coat of mail and 
a mailed hand to be raised wherever right cried out, and to 
smite wherever wrong should be smitten. He served on the 
Committees on Revision of the Laws. Judiciary, Appropria- 
tions, and as chairman of the Committee on Military Af- 
fairs. He and I were together on the first-named commit- 
tee, and together worked on the Supplement to the Revised 
Statutes of the United States, comparing its provisions with 
the original statutes, and I found him ever vigilant and effi- 

Of his public service hei'e you liave already been told. 
Those who have served here will agree, I think, that I do 
not overdraw the picture when I say that in all the earth 
there is no spot where it is so hard to succeed as on the floor 
of the House of Representatives of the United States. There 

Life and Character of Richard If. Toicnshcnd. 47 

is no otlier place in the world Avliere all of the honors one 
may have deserved and won, where all of the distinctions that 
may have crowned him, and all of the intellectuality he may 
have evinced go for so little in the estimate that is made of 
him, and where he is put so tlioroughly upon his own re- 
sources to see what he can now do, as in this Hall. Many 
great intellects fail to achieve the success expected of them 
here. This trying ordeal Mr. Towxshend met. and met 
successfully. He was recognized here as a leader and he 
deserved to be so recognized. He held to the sense of duty 
so beautifully expressed by Mr. Webster: 

Witli conscience satisfied with the iliscliarge of duty, no consequences 
can liarm us. 

A sense of duty pursues us ever. It is omnipresent like the Deity. If 
we take to ourselves the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost 
parts of the earth, duty performed or duty violated is with us for our hap- 
piness or our naisery. If we say that darkness shall cover us, in the dark- 
ness, as in the light, our obligations are still with us. They are with us 
in this life, will be with us at its close, and in that scene of inconceivable 
solemnity which lies yet farther onward, we shall still find ourselves sur- 
rounded by a sense of duty, to paiu us wherever it has been violated and 
to console us where God in his mercy has given us grace to perform it. 

This sense of duty our deceased friend lived by and died 
by. He might truly say, Mr. Speaker, as did the great car- 
dinal of France when his "enemies"' were mentioned: 

I have no enemies save the enemies of the State. 

If it be true, as has been very beautifully said, that — 

We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts, not breaths- 
then may it be truly said that the life of our f ri' nd was a full 
one. At all times and under all circtimstances he was the 
same painstaking, patient, intelligent public servant, know- 
ing only the discharge of his duty, knowing only love to his 
country and love to his friends. 

It has been said, and truly said, that he had strong politi- 
cal convictions. Yes; he was of those who hail intelligence 

48 Address of Mr. Springer, of Illinois, on ihe 

enough to hav« convictions and boldness enougli to avow 
tliem. Tliis was only a result of his intense love of country 
and his anxiety for its good; but he had at the same time 
that feeling of brotherhood which rises above politics, which 
has been the comfort of us all, and without which ofttimes 
the bickerings and the hot contests of this Hall would be 
almost unendurable. Mr. Speaker, I know I voice the senti- 
ment of every one who knew our departed friend when I say 
that no one who ever served with him here does not have a 
bleeding heart this day for the irreparable loss his family 
and his country have sustained. 


Mr. Speaker: After all that has been said on this occa- 
sion in reference to the life and character of our deceased 
friend and brother, it seems unnecessary for me to say any- 
thing further. But at the risk of wearying the House I 
miist add my humble tribute to his memory. 

Richard Wellington Townshend was born in Prince 
George's County, Md.. April 30, 1840, and died in the city 
of Washington, in March, 1889, having scarcely reached the 
age of forty-nine years. He came to this city when only 
ten years of age, and resided here until 1858. He then went 
to Illinois, being })ut eighteen years old at the time. 

In his choice of a home in Illinois he was largely influ- 
enced by Hon. Samuel S. Marshall, who was at that time a 
member of Congress from the district afterwards repre- 
sented by Mr. Townshend. Judge Marshall was a mem- 
ber of this House from 1855 to 1859, and from 18G5 to 1875. 
He was one of the ablest members of this body, and is a 
gentleman of the highest character and noblest impulses. 

Life and Characlcr of Richard W. Toivnshcnd. 49 

Soon after lie entered Congress he formed the acquaintance 
of young TowNSHEND, who was then only fifteen years of 
of age and was one of the pages of this House. 

A mutual attachment sprang up between the statesman 
and the page, which grew with advancing years, each year 
uniting them firmer than before in the bonds of friendship. 
Mr. TowNSHEXD studied law in Judge Marshall's law office 
at McLeansborough, and when the judge retired frijm Con- 
gress, after fourteen years of distinguished service, having 
attained the distinction of leadership of his party in this 
House, it was his earnest desire that Mr. Townshend should 
succeed him. His wishes were gratified, and at the Congres- 
sional convention of his party in 1870, Mr. Tovtnshend, 
then only thirty-six years of age, was unanimously nomi- 
nated as the Democratic candidate for Congress. This, it 
will be remembered, was a Presidential year. 

Mr. Tilden was the Democratic candidate, and a tremen- 
dous effort was put f(jrth by his party supporters to secure 
his election. It was important that the ablest men in the 
party should be selected, in a time like this, to lead the 
party in the local Congressional contests. The selection of 
Mr. Townshend, at this important epoch in his party's his- 
tory, for so responsible a position, was the highest testimony 
which could be given to his ability and his integrity. It is 
needless to add that he was elected. He proved wortliy of 
the important trust confided to him, and was continued in 
Congress until the day of his death. He had at that time 
completed six terms of service and liad entered on the 
seventh. He enjoyed the confidence of his constituents to 
the fullest extent, and, had he lived, would undoubtedly 
have remained in Congress as long as he desired to do so. 

His service in this House has been important and valuable 
t(j the country. His committee assignments attest the high 
H. Mis. 202 4 

50 Address of Mr. Springer, of Illinois, on the 

appreciation of his ability by the Speakers and the House. 
In the Forty-fifth Congress, the first in which he served, he 
was assigned to the Committees on Patents and Private 
Land Claims ; in the Forty-sixth, to the Committees on 
Patents, the Revision of the Laws, and to the chairman- 
ship of the Committee on Exijenditures in the Navy De- 
partment ; in the Forty-seventli Congress, to the Committee 
on the Judiciary; in the Forty-eighth and Foi-ty-ninth 
Congresses, to the Committee on Appropriations; and in 
the Fiftieth Congress, to the chairmanship of the Commit- 
tee on Military Affairs. 

While a member of the Appropriations Committee he was 
chairman of the subcommittee on the Army appropriation 
bill, and his earnest and able services on this committee and 
on the Military Committee are remembered and appreciated 
by those who served in the House at that time. He was al- 
ways deeply interested in the measures under liis manage- 
ment, and was quick to repel assaults and fearless in defense 
of the action of his committee. He did not hesitate to attack 
his assailants, whether on his side of the House or on the 
other. But he did not indulge in denunciations, but hurled 
his facts and arguments at his opponents with a zeal and 
force that never failed to conv^ince the House of the sincerity 
of his purpose. 

While in the heat of debate he apjjeared at tiriies as if 
moved by passion, yet he preserved the proprieties of debate, 
and never carried or treasured up personal resentments. His 
earnestness in debate evinced his integrity and the deejj 
conviction of the justness of his cause. But socially his 
amiability and good nature won for him the good will and 
confidence of all who knew him. He was the soul of honor. 
He was incapable of doing a mean thing. He was kind to a 
fault, and lost no opportunity to serve his friends or respond 

Life and Character of Richard W. Tozvushcnd. 51 

to the demands of his constituents. His correspondence was 
very large, and generally carried on by himself witliout the 
aid of a clerk. He was a hard workei-. 

Every request from his constituents was granted promptly 
and witliout waiting to be called upon. He flooded his dis- 
trict with documents, speeches, and otiicial reports. He be- 
lieved in furnishing information to the people on all the 
great measures pending in Congress. Upon the adjourn- 
ment of each session he repaired to his home in Illinois and 
devoted his time to public speaking in his district or in per- 
sonal \'isits to friends in the several counties. His whole 
time, while in Congress, was given to the public service. 

In his doinestic relations he was happily- situated. 
His faithful wife and affectionate children made his home 
attractive and inspired him with a laudable ambition to earn 
a reputation and leave behind him a name which they would 
delight to honor. He was attentive to their every want, 
and naught ever occurred to mar the happiness or disturb 
the sweet simplicity of wedded love. They were all in love 
with each other, and exemplified that fact in every word, 
thought, and act. In their great grief at his untimely 
death there must be some consolation in the reflection that 
in his lifetime there was no unpleasant inemories to disturb 
their minds or unkind words to add new pangs. On the 
contrary, his very name is dear to them; his memory will 
bring back the happiness of the past and will strew with 
flowers the desolate paths of the future. 

To me Mr. Townshend's death is a personal loss as well 
as a great bereavement. He was my friend. We counseled 
with each other, we worked together, we sympathized with 
each other in defeat, and rejoiced together in success. I 
never could quite understand the mysterious providence 
which called him hence at a time when he could accomplish 

52 Address of Mr. Springer, of Iliiitois. 

so much for the betterineut of mankind and for tlie good of 
his country. But it is not necessary that I sliould under- 
stand it. 

God moves in a mysterious way 
His wonders to perform. 

He permits tyrants to be exalted upon thrones and per- 
mits His saints to be led to the block. He cuts down the 
great and good in the midst of their usefulness and permits 
the wicked to multiply their days. But His infinite wisdom 
is not to be measured by our ignorance. His designs are 
not to be criticised by our feeble minds. As well might we 
attempt to "bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose 
the bands of Orion.'" It is enough for us to know that He 
that created the universe and guides the stars in their course, 
that counts the hairs of our head and notes the sparrow's 
fall, will order and direct our ways so as best to accomplish 
His purpose. He has seen fit to take from us, from his fam- 
ily, from his constituents, and from his coimtry, one whom 
we all loved and honored and whose death we all deplore. But 
to him who lives, as did our deceased friend, an iipright life, 
death has no terrors and can not destroy. He still lives in 
the hearts of his countrymen, in the sacred memory of his 
wife and children, in the bosom of his God. 

The question being taken on agreeing to the resolutions 
submitted by Mr. Williams, of Illinois, they were unani- 
mously adopted. 

And theii, on motion of Mr. Williams, of Illinois, the 
House adjourned. 


December 10. 1889. 

Mr. CULLOM. I ask that the resohitions of the House of 
Kepresentatives in reference to the death of Hon. Richard 
W. TowNSHEND, late a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, be read. 

The Vice President. The Chair lays before the Senate 
the resolutions referred to, which will be read. 

The Chief Clerk read as follows: 

Ix THE House of Represent ATrvES, December 18, 1889. 

Resolved, That this House has heard with profound sorrow the an- 
nouncement of the death of Hon. Richakd W. Townshexd, late a Repre- 
sentative from the State of Illinois: 

That in.the death of Mr. Townshend the country lost a patriotic citizen 
and an able and faithful public servant; 

That the Clerk transmit a copy of these resolutions to the family of the 
deceased and commimicate the same to the Senate: 

That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased this 
House do now adjourn. 

Mr. CuLLOM submitted the following resolutions; which 
were read: 

Resolved, That the Senate has lu'ard with profound sorrow the an- 
nouncement of the death of Hon. RICHARD W. TowNSHEND, late a Repre- 
sentative from the State of Illinois. 

Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased the 
Senate do now adjourn. 

The Vice-President (at 4 o'clock and 25 minutes p. m.). 
The Senate stands adjourned until to-morrow, Friday. De- 
cember 20, at 12 o'clock meridian. 


5^ Proceedings in the Senate. 

March U, 1890. 

Mr. CuLLOM, of Illinois. I desire to call up the resolu- 
tions of the House of Representatives in relation to the 
death of the late Mr. Townshend, of my State. 

The PRE.SIDING Officer. The Chief Clerk will read the 
resolutions of the House of Representatives. 

The Chief Clerk read as follows: 

In the House of Representatives, Febrnon/ 15. 1890. 

Resolved, That the business of the House be now suspended that 
approjiriate honors may be paid to the memory of Hon. Richard Wel- 
lington Townshend. late a Representative in from the State of 
Illinois. That in the death of Mr. Townshend his district and State 
lost an able and faithful public servant and tlie coimtry a legislator and 
statesman who stood high in its councils. 

That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased tlie 
House, at tlie conclusion of these ceremonies, shall adjourn. 

That the Clerk transmit a copy of these resolutions to the Senate. 

Mr. CuLLOM. I offer the resolutions I send to the desk 
for consideration and adoption. 
The Presidixg Officer. The resolutions will be read. 
The Chief Clerk read as follows: 

Resolved, That the Senate shires with the House of Representatives in 
its expressions of sorrow at the death of Hon. Richard W. Townshend, 
late a Representative in that body from the State of Illinois. 

Resolved. Tliat as a mark of sympathy toward the family of the de- 
ceased the Secretary of the Senate be directed to transmit to them a copy 
of these proceedings. 

Life and Character of Richard U: Toivnshcnd. 55 



Mr. President: I ask the attention of the Senate while I 
submit some remarks appropriate to the occasion suggested 
by the resolution just read. We are again called upon to 
pay our tribute of respect to the memory of a deceased mem- 
ber of Congress, Richard Wellington Townshend, a Rep- 
resentative from the State of Illinois. It is fitting that the 
Senate shall pause from its ordinary labors and express its 
appreciation of the life and character of the deceased. 

Mr. President, the death-roll of the present Congress has 
been unusually large, and. in language not to be misunder- 
stood, reminds us '• that in the midst of life we are in death." 
Richard W. Townshend, whose death we mourn to-day. 
was born in Prince George's County, Md., April 30, 1840, and 
died in this city March 9, 1S89, being nearly forty-nine years 
old, having scarcely reached the zenith of his manhood. 

In early youth, while yet a boy. an orphan boy. he came 
to this city, where he attended the schools, and for a time 
was a page-boy in the House of Representatives, of which 
body he subsequently became, and continued for many years, 
a distinguished member. While young Townshend was a 
page in the House. S. S. Marshall, then an honored mem- 
ber from Illinois and now an honored citizen of tliat great 
Commonwealth, became attached to him and advised him to 
go to Illinois, which he did in 1858. There he taught school 
for a time, and finally studied law in the judge's law office. 
He was subsequently licensed to practice law, was soon 
elected clerk of the circuit court, afterwards elected prose- 
cuting attorney for the judicial circuit in which he lived, 
and became known as an able lawyer und prosecutoi'. 

56 Address of Mr. Ciillom^ of Illinois., on tJie 

In those days, when the State was less densely populated, 
a judicial circuit conijirised many more counties than now, 
and the ability and valuable services of Mr. Townshend in 
protecting the peace and good order of the people made hhn 
a tower of strength in his section. 

He was always an uncompromising Democrat, and was 
ready to defend his party and its principles and policies on 
any proper occasion. He was a man of courage, was honest 
in what he avowed, and was therefore aggressive in dealing 
with his ijolitical enemies. He held various positions at the 
hands of his political friends before he was elected to Con- 
gi'ess. As I have said, he was circuit clerk, prosecuting at- 
torney, and was also long a member of the Democratic State 
committee, and once or more a delegate to the Democratic 
national convention. He was prominent in the councils of 
his party because he was recognized as wise and sagacious as 
a leader. In ]S7G his career as a member of Congress began, 
by his election in his district, in which he was elected sis 
successive times, the last time in 1888. In all this period of 
service he grew more and more in public favor, and stronger 
as a legislator and in the e.steem of his colleagues and all 
who knew him. 

Mr. President, there have been few public men so devoted 
to the interests of the people of their districts as was he: 
never tiring, always on the alert, ever watchful, ever toiling, 
to work for his constituents was to him absolutely a labor of 
love. He was an honest, generous, able man, sincere in his 
convictions and strong in his adherence to what he believed. 
Under our constitutional Government the Senators and Rep- 
resentatives bring from their several States and districts the 
sentiments, views, and expressed desires of the people they 
most directly rej^resent touching national affairs and national 
legislation, and by so doing a consensus of public opinion of 

Life and Character of Richard IF. Tcra'tishend. 57 

every section is voiced in our legislative action as nearly as 
may be, and it is true more exactly, perhaps, in the House 
of Representatives than in the Senate. Towxshend always 
sought to reflect in liis legislative action what he believed 
was the voice of a majority of his people at home, and such 
a course made him strong. lu a government by the people 
the duty of their representatives, either in this body or the 
other branch of Congress, is to represent and carry out the 
wishes of the people, so far as the Constitution will permit. 
Mr. TowxsHEND acted upon that idea, that it was his diity 
as a Representative elected by the people of his district to 
come here and faithfully, honestly, and devotedly carry out 
their wishes so far as he was able to do. 

It was my good fortune to be somewhat intimately 
acquainted with Mr. Townshend for many years. As a 
citizen, as a lawyer, and as a public servant, he was faithful 
in all the relations of life. 

It is a solemn duty to pay the last tribute to our departed 
friends who have been identified with us in the performance 
of any public trust. I think that the bond of friendship 
becomes stronger between men who share the resi)onsibility 
of i)ublic duty together tlian it does between men in the 
common walks of life. The attachment that grows and 
strengthens with years between men who have been in the 
Army and stood shoulder to shoulder in battle becomes 
strong and undying as life itself; so, perhaps, in a less 
degree do the friendships become strong between men 
thrown together in the discharge of public duty in civil 

Mr. Townshend's services as a member of Congress were 
valuable, and were more and more appreciated from year to 
year. A reference to the record of the Congresses in which 
he was a member shows that at each succeeding Congress 

58 Address of Mr. CuUow^ of Illinois, on Ihc 

greater responsibilities and more onerous duties were placed 
upon him by the body to which he belonged. He was a 
member of many important committees at different times, 
such as tlie Judiciary and Appropriati(jns, and during the 
last Congress, if not in more than one Congress, was chair- 
man of the Committee on Military Affairs. He took great 
pride in the latter position, and was liberal in his considera- 
tion of the needs of the Army, and appreciated its important 
relation to the Government. He was greatly interested in 
the National Military School at West Point, where, as 
members of the Board of Visitors, we met with others but 
a few years ago to investigate its condition and needs. 

He was greatly interested in and strongly advocated the 
congress of the American States which is now in session in 
this city and which I trust and believe will result in binding 
together socially, commercially, and politically the people 
of the United States, the Republic of Mexico, and all the 
States of Central and South America. 

I can not undertake, on an occasion like this. Mr. Presi- 
dent, to make even a passing reference to the many meas- 
ures of imblic utility with which 3Ir. Towxshend was 
closely identified. On the 9th of March last, now a few 
days more than one year ago, his labors, struggles, and con- 
flicts ended, and he passed forever from sight. His work 
was done, he finished his course, and he has gone, I trust. 
where suffering and conflict are no more. 

Mr. President, these sad occasions seem to occur so often 
in Congress that we are apt to pass over them lightly. The 
Senate will be called upon to pause several times before this 
session closes to pay tribute to those who were elected to the 
present Congress and who have passed away: Cox, that bril- 
liant leader of the Democratic side of the House and friend 
to humanity in the broadest sense, is gone; Kelley, that 

Life and CJiaractcr of Richard U\ Toiviislicnd. 59 

great advocate of protection to American labor and indus- 
try, has gone; Newton W. Nutting, of New York; James 
Laird, of Nebraska; and Edward J. Gay, of Louisiana, 
have passed away, making six in number tlius early in the 
present Congress who were elected to it and are now no 

Such occasions are solemn, Mr. President, and to me the 
more often they occur the more startling and solemn they 
seem. Mr. Townshend was a man of great social qualities. 
He was fond of his friends and to have them around him. He 
was kindly and friendly in his nature and souglit to make 
all his friends. He was a devoted husband, and loved liis 
children as the apple of his eye. He left behind a heart- 
broken wife, a grown soji, and a beautiful, loving daughter. 

Mr. President, I have sometimes thought that death would 
have comi^aratively few terrors, so far as this world is con- 
cerned, if we wei'e not so dependent uijon each other. The 
happiness of one depends upon others ; so the life of this 
stricken family household — widow, son. and daughter — 
seems euA^eloped in gloom and darkness since the hi;sband 
and father died. He was their head, their pride, their life. 
He is gone; peace to his ashes ! 


Mr. President: The insoluble mystery of death again con- 
fronts us. In its presence rhetoric loses its charm and logic 
reaches no conclusion. 

It has been said that the greatest terror in death is the 
dread of annihilation; but more terrible than this is the 
absolute isolation of the grave. Every man must die alone. 

60 Address of Mr. I'cs/, of Missouri^ on the 

When we pass tlii'oiigh that shadowy portal no human voice 
can cheer ns upon the dark pathway, no caressing hand can 
lead or assist; we must make that journey alone. 

Sir. in the presence of the profound mystery and the 
tragedy that ends a human life, with all its passions and, 
temptations and sorrows and joys, in the presence of the 
fact that we know so little why that life began and know so 
little why that life has ended, exaggerated encomium is as 
futile and as out of i:)lace as criticism or censure. 

My acquaintance with Richard W. Townshend began 
eleven years ago, when I entered the Senate. We were from 
the same section of the country. I afterwards came to 
know him well, and he impressed me as a strong, earnest, 
brave man, with large heart and large brain. He was 
devoted to the district he represented, and understood fully 
all the wants of its people. He was a typical Western Eep- 
resentative, aggressive in debate, but kindly and generous 
in word and deed. The constituents he represented were 
composed of those sturdy, self-reliant, and independent men 
of the prairies before whom no i:)ublic official either timid 
or dishonest could survive. The i^roudest epitaph that I 
could announce for him to-day is that for six consecutive 
terms he possessed the absolute confidence of such a con- 

In every home in southern Illinois the name of Dick 
Townshend, as they loved to call him, is to-day a house- 
hold word. He was a perfectly natural man. Children 
came to him at sight and nestled in his arms as if he were 
an old and familiar friend. To the poor, the oppressed, the 
unfortunate, he was tender and patient. If all those to 
whom he spoke kindly words and for whom he did kindly 
acts were gathered together it would be a vast multitude, 
and if each of those who were happier by reason of his life 

Life atid Character of Ricluxrd \]\ Toicnshcnd. 61 

could cast oue leaf u^Jon his grave he would sleej) now be- 
ueatli a wilderness of foliage. 

Sir, compared with this, how poor a monument of granite 
or a shaft of spotless marble I His place in the councils of 
the nation is worthily filled, but his place in the hearts of 
the thousands who loved him will be vacant until they, too, 
shall have passed through the ever-open gates of the silent 

ADDRESS OF Mr, Hale, of Maine. 

Mr. President: My acq^^aintance with Mr. Towxshexd 
began with the Forty-fifth Congress, in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, of which he and I were tlien members. 

He was new in service and young in years for the House, 
but he soon attracted my attention, as he did that of old 
members, and he immediately made friends there, who after- 
wards watched with satisfaction his constant increase in 
power and influence in the body. 

His mental and pliysical organization was such that wliile 
he was imusnally clear and direct and persistent in his course 
upon subjects where he took special interest in legislation, 
his nature was so affectionate and his ways were so pleasant 
that all who were associated with him felt an interest in his 

He had both boldness and ambition, and these pushed 
liini on, but he constantly inci'eased in mental stature, and 
whenever I met him I was imjn'essed with the growth in 
the reach of his mind. 

His industry was so patent that all wliu have spoken of 
him have made mention of it; and in the great work wliich the 
House of Representatives performs he bore a more and more 
conspicuous part. His service upon important committees 


Address of Air. Hale, of Maine, on (he 

there shows the estimation in whicli lie was held, and the 
people whom he served attested their confidence in him by 
giving him what few men have ever had in this country, 
seven successive elections. 

I can well believe that sadness pervaded his district, Mr. 
President, when the people heard of their great loss and knew 
that the man who had so faithfully and ably represented 
them had been cut down in his prime. 

To all appearance one month before his death Mr. Town- 
SHEND might count upon a most enviable future public life. 
He had an admiring, unquestioning constituency. He had 
laid broad and deep the foundations for wide influence 
in Congress. He was a man of the people and trusted by 
the people. He had filled his mind with special knowledge 
derived from close study into social, economic, and financial' 
Ciuestions, and had broadened it by wide general reading. 

To the ordinary view few men had better promise of a 
far-reaching political career, crowned with the Republic's 
higher honors; but no man. Mr. President, with whatever 
'•eagle eyes" he may ".stare" at the ocean of the future 
can tell when his voyage there may be interrupted. He of 
whom we speak to-day was suddenly snatched from his high 
vantage ground, and in what we call his untimely eclipse 
went out whatever there might have been for him otherwise 
of honor or glory to come. 

He only heard Fame's thunders wake. 

His friends love to think of him and his genial ways and 
kindly deeds. Those nearest and dearest to him will never 
lose the sad pleasure which comes from the recollection of 
scenes brightened by love. 

All of us who met him here in public or private life, 
especially the members of that great body where he took so 

Life and Character of Richard W. To'wiisheiid. 


active a part, will miss him loug, and long regret him. 
During the fourteen years over which my acquaintance 
with Mr. TowxsHEND extended, every incident of our inter- 
course has left with me nothing but pleasant memories, and 
my brief tribute to his merit is most sincerely given. 

ADDRESS OF Mr. Jones, of Arkansas, 

Mr. President : Upon occasions like this, when the 
usiial course of public business is suspended, and for a time 
the important public interests and the political demands of 
a great nation are laid aside, and the representatives of peo- 
ple and of States assemble to pay the last sad tribute of 
respect to one who was of us, but who is not, and to solemnly 
bear public testimony to his worth and merit to the end . 
that those who come after us may know that we were not 
unmindful of his public services and private virtues, we are 

forcibly reminded that — 

To our graves we walk 
In the thick foot-prints of departed men. 

To one to whom life offers nothing, for whom disappoint- 

' ment has blasted hope, in whose bosom ambition is dead, 

or to one who is compelled todragoiitan existence rendered 

miserable by misfortune or disease, for whom no loving 

hands smooth the rough places of life, for whom there is no 

rest, no peace, the grave is doubtless welcome, and that — 

Sinless, stirless rest. 
That change which never clianges — 

is a merciful release, a hapjiy dispensation for him, and a 
calamity to no one. But to one in the prime and vigor of 
mature manhood : in the full enjoyment of his matured but 
scarcely ripened powers ; just in the summer and approach- 

64 Address of Aft: Jones, of Arkansas, on (he 

ing the autuuiii of his life, when tlie riijening fruits of liis 
years of toil are about to be garnered ; blessed by Provi- 
dence with a happy family, the pride of his life and the 
solace of his heart ; full of hope and ambition for his coun- 
try, his family, and himself, to be suddenly cut off is terri- 
ble and makes those who witness it to shudder. Such was. 
the life and death of Mr. Townshend. 

Few men had more to live for or a better right to expect 
many years of success, prosperity, and happiness. No 
thought of his early departure from the walks of life en- 
tered the minds of those who knew- him, and the sad an- 
nouncement that he had "gone from the earth forever," was 
a shock to every one of his hosts of friends. 

Such things bring home to us all with crushing force the 
vanity of all human calculations, but — 

Men drop so fast ere life's mid stage of life we tread 
Few know so many frietids alive as dead. 

Even in this world, however — 

We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts, not breaths; 
In feeUngs, not in figures on a dial. 
We should count time by heart throbs. He most lives 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best. 

Measured l)y this standard, the life of Mr. Town.shend 
filled a larger space than that allotted to nio-t men. 

The very first day of my exjjerience in Congress, amid the 
bustle and confusion incident to the organization of the 
House of Representatives, in the wilderness of strange 
faces and the stirring scenes of such an occasion, my atten- 
tion was attracted to him, and though I at the time had no 
idea who he was, I never lost sight of him afterward. 

Fearless and aggressive in the advocacy of the right as he 
saw it, he ne^'or occujned a doubtful position, but boldly and 
effectively presented his views whenever occasion required. 

Life am/ Character of Richard II '. To-iOisIiciid. 65 

Keenly attentive to the current of public affairs liere and 
abroad, he was a valuable and conspicuous representative of 
JbB jjeople, and the esteem in which his qualities and endow- 
ments were held by his associates in the House is indicated 
by tlie fact that while Hon. Samuel J. Randall was chair- 
man I if the Committee on Appropriations he always had Jlr. 
TowN-jHEXD associated with him upon that most imijortant 
; ■ responsible committee. A ready debater, a hard worker, 
Miiiliar with the whole current of public affairs, he was 
usteil and relied upon by his committee in all their con- 
\ I ;)on the floor. He left his impress upon jjublic affairs, 
■■1 of his work as a i)ublic man which is an honor to 
his State, and his constituents, and which is a rich 
' to his family; but the distinction which he would 
■I ha\-e prized most, of which he would himself have 
lie proudest, is the sincere love and affection for him and 
.lemory which warms the hearts of those amongst wjiom 
• 1. fi' whom he was best known, and to whose service 
( i his life. In the long years to come his name and 
ly will be remembei'ed and cherished by thousands 
'X friends and admirers in his far-away praii-ie home. 
lit- 1 have had so deep and firm a hold on the confi- 
' ticir constituents as he. Coupled with the qualities 
i.-tinguished him as a public man he had personal 
which bound him as with ••hooks of steel "" to those 
:new him best. I often had occasion \o notice his 
>>us and kindly demeanor towards those occupying the 
l'>wly walks of life, and no man was freer than he from 
characteristic of ignoble men. sei-vility to place and 
•r and arrogance towards the humble and lowly; but, 
ig a thorough man of the people, he saw and respected 
ujan, in utter disregard of the trappings of position or 
dra-wbacks of a humble station. I happen to know how 
H. M-:. -JO-? 5 

♦iS Address of Mr. Jones, ofArka^. r^ f. 

uijon an occasion he won the admiration an sincere esteem 
of an old lady traveling a long distance alon. '\:x his constant, 
delicate, and coiirteous attentions. She ne^•l•!• I'orgot him or 
liis thoiightful kindness to her, and she ne^ ■ ; -will. 

His accurate knowledge of what Mr. Lin( 'In called "o 
plain, common people," his familiarity wit ^ i heir domes! 
life, with tlieii' hopes and fears, his intimai Imow-ledge of 
their struggles and their hardships, and h i.nnd sin- 

cere sympathy with them in all these won l : i h ■ ; . 

in tlu'ir love and confidence which he enjo,\', .. ;Urou"-h 
and which will '''keep his memory green" jilt.i- ileath. 

To one whose life was thus devoted to the j t of hjf '■ - 

low-men in every public duty and whose j'^ i ite life : 
daily walk were marked by words of good cli v to the f. 
hearted and deeds of unselfishness to all, out ' i, in a ' 
devoted himself to the good of his fellow-m 

There is no death. What seems so is trai . i : 
This life of mortal breath 
*Is but a suburb of the life elysian 
Whose portal we call death. 

The Presiding Officer. The question v. .,a. agreeii: 
the resolutions submitted by the Senator from IltiiitTii*^ 

The resolutions were agreed to unanimously. 

Mr. UuLLOM. I move as a further mark of respect tc. . ia. 
memory of the deceased that the Senate do now adj';uru. 

The motion was agreed to unanimouslj^ : and the Sen ^i 
adjourned until Monday, March 17, 1890, a' ii o'ci 

( D /I !ir