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Full text of "Memorial biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Towne Memorial Fund. v. 1-9: 1845-97"

4 

2m 
9 
73627 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 






3 1833 00055 4078 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 




http://archive.org/details/memorialbiographOOnewe 



MEMORIAL 



BIOGRAPHIES 



OF 



THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC 



GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY 



TOWNE MEMORIAL FUND 



Volume TX 



189O— 1897 



BOSTON 
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 

18 Somerset Street 

I908 



Stawbope jpcess 

H. GILSON COMPANY 
BOSTON. U.S.A. 



1473627 

MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

RICHARD SIMMS, M. A. 

Mr. CHARLES HENRY COOTE. 

Mr. EDMUND JAMES BAKER 

Mr. WILLIAM WILKINS WARREN 

Mr. ALEXANDER BEAL 

GEORGE WASHINGTON WARE, Jr., A.M., LL.B 

Mr. CARMI EMERY KING 

Mr. THOMAS SPOONER. By H. A. Hill, A.M. 45:322 

Mr. WILLIAM SMITH ELLIS 

Mr. JOHN JORDAN, Jr. 

xMr. SAMUEL ADAMS TURNER 

PHILIP SLAUGHTER, D.D. 

Mr. EZRA FARNSWORTH 

JOHN CALVIN DODGE, A.M., LL.D. 

Mr. FREDERICK COLEMAN SANFORD 

Mr. DANIEL WALDO SALISBURY 

AI BAKER THOMPSON, A.M. 

Rev. CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D. 

Mr. BENJAMIN HILL DEWING 

ISAAC WEARE HAMMOND, A.M. 

FREDERICK BILLINGS, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. Henry A 

Hazen, D.D. 45:259-267 
Mr. MOSES CONANT WARREN 
Rev. WILLIAM PHILLIPS TILDEN, A.M. 
Mr. WILLIAM FRANCIS WHEELER 
Mr. LEBBEUS STETSON 
GEORGE MORGAN HILLS, A.M., D.D. 
JOHN LOCKE ALEXANDER, A.M., M.D 
HENRY MARTYN DEXTER, A.m!, D.D., LL.D. By H. A 

Hill, A.M. 45:252 
NATHANIEL HOLMES MORISON, A.M., LL D 
JOSEPH WHITE, A.B., LL.D. 
JOHN JORDAN LATTING, A.M. 



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iv 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 



Mr. EDWARD ISAIAH THOMAS. By H. A. Hill, A.M. 45 : 320 

Mr. FRANKLIN CHASE 

Mr. JOSHUA HUNTINGTON WOLCOTT 

ALBERT LORENZO EASTMAN. By H. A. Hill, A.M. 45 : 321 

GEORGE BANCROFT, A.M., Ph.D., L.H.D., D.C.L., LL.D., F.S.A. 

CHARLES ADDISON RICHARDSON, A.M. By H. A. Hill, 

A.M. 45:253 
Mr. FREEMAN HARLOW MORSE 
JOHN APPLETON, A.M., LL.D. 
Mr. ROBERT DUNCAN WILMOT 
Mr. SAMUEL CROCKER COBB 
Mr. JOHN BROOKS RUSSELL. By William Richard Cutter, 

A.M. 
EDWARD SILAS TOBEY, A.M. 
Mr. EDWIN HUBBARD. By Mrs. Fanny Wilder Brown. 

52:473-475 
RALPH WILLARD ALLEN, D.D. 
AUGUSTUS THORNDIKE PERKINS, A.M., LL.B. 
NATHANIEL FOSTER SAFFORD, A.B. By Rev. George 

Madison Bodge, A.M., D.D. 47:9-19 
EDWIN DAWSON BUCKMAN, M.D. 
Mr. JAMES COGSWELL CONVERSE 
BENSON JOHN LOSSING, A.M., LL.D. 
CHARLES BRECK, A.M., D.D. 
Mr. EDWARD STEARNS 
HANNIBAL HAMLIN, LL.D. 
Mr. WILLIAM HENRY KENNARD 
AUSTIN WELLS HOLDEN, A.M., M.D. 
LYMAN COPELAND DRAPER, A.M., LL.D. 
Mr. JOHN HAZLEHURST BONEVAL LATROBE 
GEORGE BAILEY LORING, A.B., M.D. 
Mr. JOHN WOOLREDGE 
Mr. WILLIAM COLEMAN FOLGER 
THOMAS HILL, A.M., D.D., LL.D. 
WILLIAM WARLAND CLAPP, Jr., A.M. 
Mr. ALFRED HUBBARD BATCHELLER 
Mr. GEORGE LUCIEN DAVIS 
JEREMIAH COLBURN, A.M. By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

47:425-433 



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MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS V 

PAGE 

Mr. WILLIAM WILDER WHEILDON 65 

JOHN GEORGE METCALF, A.M., M.D. 66 

Mr. CALVIN TILDEN PHILLIPS 67 

BENJAMIN SCOTT, F.R.A.S. 68 

GEORGE HENRY SNELLING, A.M. 68 

Rev. ADDISON KINGSBURY, D.D. 69 
Rev. THOMAS RICKER LAMBERT, A.M., D.D. By John Ward 

Dean, A.M. 47:293-296 69 

LEWIS HENRY STEINER, A.M., M.D., Litt.D., LL.D. 71 

Rev. GEORGE BEATSON BLENKIN, M.A. 72 

JOHN DAWSON GILMARY SHEA, LL.D. 73 

Mr. ROBERT MORRIS BAILEY 74 

Mr. WALDO ADAMS 75 

EDWARD AUGUSTUS FREEMAN, M.A., D.C.L., LL.D. 76 

Mr. WILLIAM EVARTS FIELD 77 

Rev. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS FARLEY, A.M., D.D. 78 

SAMUEL BICKERTON HARMAN, D.C.L. 78 

Mr. ELIHU OLIVER LYMAN 79 

CHARLES DANIEL DRAKE, LL.D. 79 

Rev. ARTEMAS BOWERS MUZZEY, A.M., D.D. 80 

GEORGE HENRY MOORE, A.M., LL.D. 82 

Mr. JOHN SMITH FOGG 83 

PLINY EARLE, A.M., M.D. 83 

CHEVALIER GIOVANNI BAPTISTA DI CROLLALANZA 84 

Hon. JAMES WILSON CLARK 84 
AUGUSTUS RUSS, A.M. By Rev. George Madison Bodge, 

A.M., D.D. 48:228 85 

Mr. JOSEPH FENNELLY BALLISTER 86 

FREDERICK DABNEY, A.B. 87 
GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS, A.M., L.M.D., LL.D., By Rev. 

G. M. Adams, D.D. 47:228 87 

DANIEL STEELE DURRIE, A.M. 89 

Mr. JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER 90 

Hon. JOHN RODMAN ROLLINS, A.M. 91 

Mr. MATTHIAS DENMAN ROSS 91 

Mr. WALDO THOMPSON 92 

Mr. JAMES SMITH BUCK 93 

Mr. WILLIAM STOWE. By Mrs. Margaret L. Sears 93 

Mr. ELISHA BASSETT 94 



VI MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGK 

THOMAS CHASE, LL.D. 9.5 

Mr. JOHN TODD MOULTON 96 

Mr. JOSEPH WILSON LAWRENCE 97 

EDMUND TUCKER EASTMAN, A.M., M.D. By Rev. George 

Madison Bodge, A.M., D.D. 49:358 P. '96 97 

Mr. ALFRED FAWCETT 99 

Mr. DAVID WILLIAMS PATTERSON. By Henry R. Stiles, 

M.D. 47:228 99 

Sir JOHN BERNARD BURKE, C.B., LL.D., M.R.I.A. 101 

Hon. LEOPOLD MORSE 102 

Mr. HENRY AUGUSTUS CHURCH 103 

EBEN NORTON HORSFORD, A.M. By Rev. G. M. Adams, D.D. 
| 49:85 103 

Mr. LINUS PIERPONT BROCKETT. By Rev. Ezra Hoyt 

Byington, D.D. 48:354 106 

RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES, A.M., LL.B., LL.D. 

By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 47:227 107 

Bishop PHILLIPS BROOKS. By Rev. E. H. Byington. 

47:226 108 

Mr. WILLIAM TAYLOR GLIDDEN. By Mr. Francis E. 

Blake. 47:370 109 

Mr. EDWARD BOUTELLE BLASLAND. By Mr. Oliver B. 

Stebbins. 48:473 110 

Mr. NATHANIEL GATES CHAPIN. By Rev. E. H. Byington. 

48:358 111 

Mr. ROWLAND ELLIS. By G. M. Adams, D.D. 47: 373 113 

GEORGE WHITEFIELD AVERY, M.D. By Mr. Francis E. 

Blake. 48:86 114 

FRANCIS ORMOND FRENCH, A.B., LL.B. By Rev. E. O. 

Jameson. 48:356 115 

HENRY WHEATLAND, A.M., M.D. By Abner C. Goodell, Jr., 

A.M. 48:226 116 

Mr. ARTHUR WELLAND BLAKE. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:87. P. '96 117 

WILLIAM LEE, M.D. By Rev. G. M. Adams, D.D. 47:372 118 

BERNARD BEMIS WHITTEMORE, A.B. By Caleb W. 

Loring, A.M. 49:91 120 

ANDREW PRESTON PEABODY, A.M., D.D., LL.D. By Rev. 

E. H. Byington. 48:84 121 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS yii 

PAGE 

HORATIO GATES JONES, A.M., D.C.L. By Rev. Charles C. 

Carpenter, A.M. 48:355 122 

EDWARD RUPERT HUMPHREYS, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. G. M. 

Adams, D.D. 47:488 123 

ASA MILLETT, M.D. By Rev. C. C. Carpenter, A. M. 48: 86 125 
GEORGE CHEYNE SHATTUCK, A.M., M.D. By Rev. Caleb 

Davis Bradlee, D.D. 48:277-280 126 

ABRAHAM AVERY, A.M. By Mr. Francis E. Blake. 48:87 127 
Mr. RANDALL GARDNER BURRELL. By Rev. G. M. Bodge. 

48:360 128 

Mr. BENJAMIN HOMER HALL. By Henry Williams, A.B. 

47:371 129 

WILLIAM INGRAHAM KIP, A.M., D.D., LL.D. By Rev. 

Leonard Kip Storrs, D.D. 47:487 130 

Mr. HENRY TRUMAN BECKWITH. By Rev. E. H. Byington. 

48:354 131 

Mr. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN NOURSE. By Rev. E. H. Bying- 
ton. 48:471 132 
Mr. EDWARD CHASE WILSON. By Mr. Francis E. Blake. 

47:372 133 

Mr. JOSEPH HENRY STICKNEY. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 47:367 134 

Mr. DAVID CLAPP. By William R. Cutter, A. M. 48 : 145-156 135 
GEORGE CHANDLER, A.B., M.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 47:368 138 

Rev. CHARLES MORRIS BLAKE, A.M., M.D. By Mr. Francis 

E. Blake. 48:88 139 

HENRY DELEVAN PAINE, M.D. By E. H. Byington, D.D. 

50:231. P. '96 140 

ABBOTT LAWRENCE, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 47:487 142 

Rt. Rev. ALEXANDER GREGG, A.M., D.D., LL.D. By George 

A. Gordon, A.M. 50:91. P. '96 143 

Mr. ETHAN NELSON COBURN. By George A. Gordon, 

A.M. 49:92 145 

CHARLES COLCOCK JONES, A.M., LL.B., LL.D. 145 

Rev. RICHARD MANNING CHIPMAN, A.B. By Rev. Henry 

A. Hazen, D.D. 49:92 146 



viii MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGE 

JOHN JAMES BELL, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 48:225 147 

Mr. CHARLES WILLIAM PARSONS. By Amos Perry, LL.D. 

48:475 148 

FREDERICK LOTHROP AMES, A.B. By Rev. Edmund B. 

Willson, A.M. 50:365. P. '96 149 

EDWARD DUFFIELD NEILL, A.B., D.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:84 152 

JOHN SAMUEL HILL FOGG, A.M., M.D. By George A. . 

Gordon, A.M. 50:90. P. '96 153 

Mr. JAMES ROBINSON NEWHALL. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:80. P. '96 156 

FRANKLIN HAVEN, A.M. By Rev. George M. Adams, D.D. 

48:474 157 

SAMUEL JAMES BRIDGE, A.M. By Rev. E. H. Byington. 

49:83 159 

Mr. ALVAH AUGUSTUS BURRAGE. By Rev. E. O. Jameson. 

48:358 160 

CHARLES FREDERICK CREHORE, M.D. By Rev. E. O. 

Jameson. 48:357 161 

FRANCIS PARKMAN, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 48:84 162 

CHARLES HENRY BELL, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. Edmund F. 

Slafter. 49:9-23 163 

ROWLAND HOLMES, A.M., M.D. By Rev. Edward G. Porter, 

A.M. 50:93. P. '96 166 

Mr. WILLIAM HENRY EMERY. By Rev. Silvanus Hayward, 

A.M. 50:98. P. '96 167 

DAVID THAYER, A.M., M.D. 169 

Mr. DAVID BRAINARD WESTON. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:84 169 

FRANCIS MINOT WELD, A.M., M.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:83 170 

Mr. WILLIAM STEVENS HOUGHTON. By Rev. B. M. Fuller- 
ton, A.B., D.D. 49:357. P. '96 171 
TRYON EDWARDS, A.M., D.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:353. P. '96 172 

Ma. WILLIAM GORDON MEANS. By George A. Gordon, 

A.M. 49:358. P. '96 173 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS IX 

PAGE 

STEPHEN MERRILL ALLEN, A.M., LL.B. 175 

WILLIAM GASTON, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 48:351 175 

Mr. GYLES MERRILL. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 48 : 225 176 
JOHN PATRICK PRENDERGAST, B.A. By Rev. E. H. Bying- 
ton, D.D. 49:352. P. '96 177 
LYMAN MASON, A.M. By Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., D.D. 

50:91. P. '96 179 

Mr. JOHN BROOKS FENNO. By David H. Brown, A.B. 

50:99. P. '96 181 

Gen. EDWARD WINSLOW HINCKS. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 49:87 182 

Mr. SAMUEL KIDDER. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 48 : 353 183 
Mr. JOHN HEARD. By Rev. Anson Titus, A.B. 50 : 99. P. '96 184 
WILLIAM FREDERIC POOLE, A.M., LL.D. By William I. 

Fletcher, A.M. 49:89 186 

Mr. FRANCIS GREENLEAF PRATT, Jr. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 48:353 187 

JAMES MONROE KEITH, A.B. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:88. P. '96 188 

JAMES HOWARD MEANS, A.M., D.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 48:470 189 

Mr. EDWIN FORBES WATERS. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

48:354 190 

WALDO HIGGINSON, A.M. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

50:79. P. '96 191 

HENRY COLMAN KIMBALL, A.B. By Rev. B. M. Fullerton, 

D.D. 49:224. P. '96 193 

Mr. IRA JOSEPH PATCH. By Rev. Edmund B. Willson, A.M. 

49:354. P. '96 194 

CHARLES AUGUSTUS GREENE, M.D. By Rev. E. H. Bying- 
ton, D.D. 50:88. P. '96 196 
Rev. JOHN CORDNEPL LL.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

48:473. 197 

Mr. BENJAMIN DOUGLAS. 198 

Mr. PETER BUTLER. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 49: 462. 

P. '96 198 

DAVID PULSIFER, A.M. By John Ward Dean, A.M. 50: 100 

P. '96 200 



X MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGE 

Mr. JOSEPH BURNETT. By Rev. Waldo Burnett, A.M. 49 : 85 203 
Mr. MATTHEW ADAMS STICKNEY. By Rev. Edmund B. 

Willson, A.M. 49:224. P. '96 204 

Mr. AjVIZI BENEDICT DAVENPORT. 206 

Mr. JAMES WHEATON CONVERSE. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 49:88 206 

Mr. WILLIAM EDWARD COFFIN. By Rev. E. H. Byington. 

49:354. P. '96 207 

Mr. DANIEL RAVENEL. By Hon. William A. Courtney. 

50:365. P. '96 209 

Mr. ELISHA CLARK LEONARD. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:81. P. '96 211 

Mr. SAMUEL HENRY GOOKIN. By Rev. B. M. Fullerton, 

D.D. 49:356. P. '96 213 

Mr. ARIEL STANDISH THURSTON. By Rev. E. O. Jameson. 

49:90 214 

Mr. FREDERICK DEANE ALLEN. 49:225. P. '96 215 

GRINDALL REYNOLDS, A.M., D.D. By Rev. B. M. Fullerton, 

D.D. 49:222. P. '96 217 

JAMES ANTHONY FROUDE, M.A., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:82 220 

PETER THACHER, A.M. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

49:221. P. '96 221 

Mr. SAMUEL HAMMOND RUSSELL. By Rev. Anson Titus, 

A.B. 49:463. P. '96 224 

ROBERT CHARLES WINTHROP. A.M., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:81 225 

Mr. THOMAS EMERSON PROCTOR . By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:462. P. '96 227 

Mr. HENRY AUGUSTUS GOWING. By Rev. Silvanus Hay- 
ward. 50:100. P. '96 229 
Mr. DUDLEY FOSTER. By Rev. William W. Nason. 49: 355. 

P. '96 230 

EBEN FRANCIS STONE, A. M., LL.B. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:220. P. '96 232 

CHARLES CANDEE BALDWIN, A.M., LL.B., LL.D. By Rev. 

E. H. Byington, D.D. 49:222. P. '96 234 

Mr. DANIEL BATES CURTIS. By Mr. O. B. Stebbins. 49 : 357. 

P. '96 235 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS xi 

PAGE 

Mr. WARREN LADD. By Hon. Herbert W. Ladd, A.M. 

50:96. P. '96 237 

Mr. MOSES KIMBALL. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 49 : 219, 

56:335-40. P. '96 239 

Mr. JOHN HOWARD REDFIELD 242 

Col. ROLAND GREENE USHER. By Rev. George M. Bodge, 

A.M. 50:92. P. '96 242 

Mr. WILLIAM NOEL SAINSBURY. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:352. P. '96 245 

Mr. LEONARD BOLLES ELLIS. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

50:84. P. '96 246 

PELEG EMORY ALDRICH, LL.B., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:350. P. '96 247 

GEORGE GOUNDRY MUNGER, A.B. 249 

AUSTIN JACOBS COOLIDGE, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. Silvanus 

Hayward A.M. 50:94. P. '96 250 

Mr. SAMUEL ATHERTON. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 

49:353. P. '96 251 

WILLIAM MASON CORNELL, A.M., M.D., D.D., LL.D. By 

Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 49:353. P. '96 252 

LEVERETT SALTONSTALL, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:351. P. '96 253 

GEORGE MORGAN BROWNE, A.B. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:86. P. '96 255 

HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:349. P. '96 256 

Mr. JOHN FLETCHER WILLIAMS. By Warren Upham, A.M., 

52:382. P. '96 259 

JOHN FORRESTER ANDREW, A.B., LL.B. By Rev. George 

M. Bodge, A.M. 50:103. P. '96 261 

HENRY PHILLIPS, A.M., Ph.D. 264 

Mr. CHARLES JARVIS PICKFORD. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 50:87. P. '96 264 

Rev. EDMUND BURKE WILLSON, A.M. By E. H. Byington, 

D.D. 49:461. P. '96 265 

ALONZO AMES MINER, A.M., S.T.D., LL.D. By Rev. E. H. 

Byington, D.D. 49:464. P. '96 267 

WILLIAM COWPER PETERS, A.M. 270 



XU MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGE 

Mr. JOHN WILKINS CARTER. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 
50:85. P. '96 270 

GEORGE NEWTON THOMSON, M.D. 272 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE, A.M., LL.D. By Rev. Brad- 
ford M. Fullerton. 50:89. P. '96 272 

BENJAMIN PIERCE CHENEY, A.M. By Rev. Charles H. 
Pope, A.M. 50:95. P. '96 275 

Mr. JAMES CARNAHAN WETMORE. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 
D.D. 50:82. P. '96 277 

Mr. SAMUEL WALLIS WINSLOW. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 
D.D. 52:150. P. '98 279 

HENRY OSCAR HOUGHTON, A.B., A.M. By Rev. E. H. Bying- 
ton, D.D. 50:77. P. '96 280 

Mr. JOHN SIMPSON EMERY. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 
50:86. P. '96 283 

ISAAC FRANCIS WOOD, A.B. 284 

WILLIAM WETMORE STORY, A.M., LL.B., D.C.L. By Rev. 
E. H. Byington, D.D. 50:79. P. '96 285 

Mr. FRANKLIN LEONARD POPE. By Rev. Charles H. Pope. 
50:85. P. '96 287 

JAMES WALKER AUSTIN, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. E. H. Bying- 
ton, D.D. 50:82. P. '96 289 

BENJAMIN CUSHING, A.B., M.D. By Rev. E. H. Byington, 
D.D. 50:84. P. '96 291 

Mr. OLIVER AMES. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 50:83. 
P. '96 292 

Mr. EBEN DYER JORDAN. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 
50:87. P. '96 294 

Mr. WILLIAM JOHN POTTS. By Rev. E. H. Byington, D.D. 
50:102. P. '96 295 

Mr. ARTHUR BATES ALDEN. By Mr. Joseph E. Beals. 
51:231. P. '97 297 

WILLIAM HENRY FURNESS, A.M., D.D. By Rev. George M. 
Bodge, A.M. 51:231. P. '97 299 

WILLIAM GOODWIN RUSSELL, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. By T. R. 
50:490. P. '97 301 

DANIEL DENISON SLADE, A.B., M.D. By Charles] R. East- 
man, Ph.D. 51 : 9-18. P. '97. 304 

Mr. AMOS STONE. By Rev. Anson Titus. 50: 494. P. '97. 307 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS x iii 

PAGE 

Mr. NATHANIEL WING TURNER. By David H. Brown, A.B. 

51:83. P. '97 308 

Mr. HENRY CHANDLER BOWEN. By Rev. Anson Titus. 

50:364. P. '97 309 

Mr. CHARLES FRANCIS POTTER. By Mr. Henry Austin 

Potter. 51:84. P. '97 310 

CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN, A.M. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 50:289. P. '97 311 

CLIFFORD STANLEY SIMS, D.C.L. By William Nelson, 

A.M. 50:425. P. '97 315 

Mr. HENRY PENNIMAN BLISS. By Rev. George M. Adams, 

D.D. 51:231. P. '97 318 

THOMAS HUGHES, B.A., Q.C., F.S.A. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 50:364. P. '97 319 

WILLIAM HOLCOMB WEBSTER, A.M., LL.B. By David H. 

Brown, A.B. 50:492. P. '97 321 

Gen. THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY, U.S.A. By Rev. Silvanus 

Hayward, A.M. 50:431. P. '97 322 

Mr. WATERMAN STONE. By Rev. George M. Adams, D.D. 

51 : 232. P. '97 325 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN TWEED, A.M. By Mr. I. Gilbert 

Robbins. 50:493. P. '97 326 

Mr. WILLIAM GORDON WELD. By Hon. George W. Johnson. 

51:81. P. '97 • 327 

JOHN HOPKINS^MORISON, A.M., D.D. By John Ward Dean, 

A.M. 51 : 232. P. '97 329 

Mr. WARREN FISHER 331 

DAVID GREENER HASKINS, A.M., D.D., S.T.D. By Rev. 

Silvanus Hayward. 51:79. P. '97 331 

Mr. GEORGE POTTER BARRETT. By Hon. Josiah H. Drum- 

mond. 51 : 365. P. '97 333 

WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL, A.B., LL.B., LL.D. By John T. 

Wheelwright, Esq. 51 : 365. P. '97 334 

JOSEPH MEREDITH TONER, M.D. By Hon. M. F. Morris. 

51 : 80. P. '97 338 

Mr. ARTHUR AMORY CODMAN. By Mr. Charles E. Hurd. 

51 : 365. P. '97 340 

Mr. JOHN HAIGH, Esq. By Mr. John S. Hayes. 51:82. 

P. '97 341 



xiv MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGE 

Mr. GARDNER ASAPH CHURCHILL. By Rev. George M. 

Bodge, A.M. 51 : 366. P. '97 342 

Mr. BENJAMIN SHREVE. By Rev. Silvanus Hayward, 

A.M. 52:150. P. '98 345 

LUCIUS ROBINSON PAIGE, A.M., D.D. By Rev. A. E. White, 

A.M. 52:297-307. P. '97 347 

Mr. CHRISTOPHER AMORY HACK. By Rev. S. Hopkins 

Emery, D.D. 57:366. P. '97 349 

JOHN GARDNER WHITE, A.M. By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

P. '97 350 

Mr. WILLIAM HENRY WARDWELL. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 51:367. P. '97 352 

GEORGE BOWN MILLETT, M.R.C.S. By Rev. Silvanus 

Hayward, A.M. 52:150. P. '98 353 

Mr. CHARLES PERKINS TRUMBULL. By J. Henry Lea, 

Esq. 51 : 78. P. '97 355 

Mr. AARON DAVIS WELD FRENCH. By Mr. Charles E. 

Hurd. 51:77. P. '97 357 

Mr. AUGUSTUS DODGE ROGERS. By Mr. Gilbert L. 

Streeter. 51 : 367. P. '97 359 

Rev. LEANDER THOMPSON, A.M. By William R. Cutter, 

A.M. 51 : 83. P. '97 360 

WILLIAM ADAMS RICHARDSON, A.M., LL.D. By John 

Ward Dean, A.M. 53:153-162. P. '97 362 

Mr. JOHN ALLISTER McALLISTER 364 

Mr. JOHN HOFFMAN COLLAMORE. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 51 : 368. P. '97 364 

ALONZO HALL QUINT, A.M., D.D. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. P. '97 365 

Mr. CHARLES HENRY GUILD. By Rev. Charles E. Havens. 

51 : 368. P. '97 367 

Mr. GEORGE THOMAS LITTLEFIELD. By George S. Little- 
field, Esq. 51 : 368. P. '97 368 
BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D. By Seth 

C. Chandler. 51:369. P. '97 370 

Mr. HENRY LILLIE PIERCE. By Rev. George M. Adams, 

D.D. 51:369. P. '97 373 

Mr. GEORGE OLIVER CARPENTER. By Rev. G. M. Adams, 

D.D. 51:367. P. '97 375 



MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS XV 

PAGE 

JOHN MEREDITH READ, A.M., LL.B., F.S.A., F.R.G.S., 

M.R.I.A. By Rev. G. M. Adams. 51 : 370. P. '97 377 

HORATIO HALE, A.M., F.R.S.C. By Rev. G. M. Adams, D.D. 

51:370. P. '97 379 

Gen. FRANCIS AMASA WALKER, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D. By Rev. 

Silvanus Hayward, A.M. 52:152, 52:69-72. P. '98 381 

Mr. FRANCIS FAULKNER EMERY. By David H. Brown, 

A.B. 52:148. P. '98 384 

Mr. SAMUEL LELAND MONTAGUE. By Rev. George M. 

Bodge, A.M. 52:151. P. '98 385 

ALBERT BOYD OTIS, A.M., LL.B. By Hon. Joseph William- 
son, Litt.D. 52:152,52:9-12. P. '98 387 
Mr. CYRUS HENRY TAGGARD. By Rev. Anson Titus, A.B. 

52:151. P. '98 390 

Mr. ERASTUS EMMONS GAY 391 

Mr. JOHN ISRAEL BAKER. By David H. Brown, A.B. 

52:149. P. '98 391 

Mr. TIMOTHY WADSWORTH STANLEY. By William R. 

Cutter, A.M. 52:150. P. '98 394 

GEORGE OTIS SHATTUCK, A.B., LL.B. By Rev. Anson Titus, 

A.B. 52:152. P. '98 396 

Mr. SAMUEL CLARKE CLARKE. By Mr. Thomas Curtis 

Clarke. 52:150. P. '98 397 

Mr. GEORGE WELLMAN WRIGHT. By Rev. Joshua W. 

Wellman, D.D. 52:152. P. '98 398 

Rev. LUTHER FARNHAM, A.M. By John Ward Dean, A.M. 

52:405-408. P. '98 401 

JAMES, F REDERICK DUDLEY, A.M. By Rev. William S. 

Heywood. 52:383. P. '98 404 

DARWIN ERASTUS WARE, A.M., LL.B. By Rev. Anson 

Titus. 52:151. P. '98 406 

Mr. GEORGE AUGUSTUS KENDALL. By David H. Brown, 

A.B. 52:148,385. P. '98 407 

Mr. JOHN FOSTER. By William R. Cutter, A.M. 51:436- 

437, 52:152. P. '98 408 

Mr. THOMAS LARKIN TURNER. By Mrs. Fannie Wilder 

Brown. 52:382. P. '98 410 

JOHN RUGGLES, A.M. By Rev. William S. Heywood. 

52:383. P. '98 413 



Xvi MEMORIALS AND AUTHORS 

PAGE 

CALEB DAVIS BRADLEE, A.M., Ph.D., D.D. By Rev. George 

M. Bodge, A.M. 52:153-162. P. '98 415 

ROBERT SEWELL, A.M. By David H. Brown, A.B. 52: 384. 

P. '98 418 

JOHN LOWELL , A.M., LL.D. 52: 381. P. '98 419 

LORENZO SAYLES FAIRBANKS, A.M. By Rev. George 

M. Adams, D.D. 52:384. P. '98 422 

Mr. EDWARD JUDKINS HILL 424 

Mr. JOHN BEARSE NEWCOMB. By Rev. George M. Adams, 

D.D. P. '98 424 

Mr. SAMUEL RUSSELL PAYSON. By William R. Cutter, 

A.M. 52:383. P. '98 425 

Mr. GEORGE SILSBEE HALE. By Rev. Silvanus Haywood, 

A.M. 52:386. P. '98 427 

Mr. FREDERIC DAWSON STONE. By Mr. Thomas Allen 

Glenn. 52:381. P. '98 • 430 

Mr. WILLIAM BACHE. By David H. Brown, A.B. 52:149. 

P. '98 432 

Mr. AARON HEYWOOD BEAN. By Rev. William S. Hey- 

wood. 52:385. P. '98 433 

ANDREW OLIVER, A.M., D.D. 435 

Mr. THOMAS DOANE. By William R. Cutter, A.M. 52: 149. 

P. '98 435 

Mr. BYRON ANASTASIUS BALDWIN. By Rev. George M. 

Adams, D.D. 52:385. P. '98 437 

HENRY THAYER DROWNE, A.M. By John W. Drown, Esq. 

53:224. P. '98 439 

EDWARD WALFORD, M.A. By Mr. William Prescott 

Greenlaw. 52 : 382. P. '98 443 

SIMS and COOTE. The fact was overlooked when these deaths were 
reported that notices of Messrs. Sims and Coote were already printed in the 
REGISTER, vol. lix, supp., pp. lviii-lix, and lxi-lxii. A slight excuse for 
the notice of Sims is that it presents some facts from his letter of acceptance 
which do not appear previously. 



PREFACE 

The present volume is the ninth, and last, of the series of 
"Memorial Biographies," published by the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society at the expense of the "Towne Me- 
morial Fund." The period covered is the decade beginning 
in 1890, and ending with 1897. The number of notices is over 
three hundred. The notices since 1898 are now regularly incor- 
porated in the Register, the periodical published annually by 
the Society. Two notices of 1898 and 1899, recently reported, 
are included at the beginning of this volume. 

For several years after 1888 the series of obituary notices was 
allowed to lapse. The attempt has been made in the present 
volume to supply the deficiency from newspapers. These 
notices, in some cases rather brief, present, however, the salient 
features of a man's life and character. 

The work of the several historians of the Society, Hill, Bying- 
ton, and Adams, and their associates, has been respected, 
and, as far as possible, followed in general idea, though many 
liberties have been taken by the present editor, in adapting 
their statements to the typographical exigencies of the present 
publication, and the condensation required to bring their arti- 
cles within the prescribed limits. Many articles have been alto- 
gether rearranged and rewritten. 

Mr. Arthur Greene Loring, a member of the Society, has 
kindly assisted, as before, in the examination of a number of 
lineages of the deceased members whose obituaries are presented 
in this volume. 

WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER, 

Historian. 



ijtafcmatt 

WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER, A.M. 



CALEB BENJAMIN TILLINGHAST, A.M., Litt.D. 
DON GLEASON HILL, A.M. 
CHARLES KNOWLES BOLTON, A.B. 
FRANCIS EVERETT BLAKE 
EDMUND DANA BARBOUR 



MEMOKIAL BIOGRAPHIES 



RICHARD SIMS 



RICHARD SIMS 

Richard Sims, of London, England, a Corresponding Member 
from 1856, was born in Oxford, England, in the year 1816, and 
died in Oxford, November 24, 1898. He was descended from 

Robert 1 Sims of Marston, Oxfordshire, through 2 , 

and Richard 3 Sims, his father, who married Mary Anne, daughter 
of William Fletcher, of Oxford. 

He was educated at New College School in that University, 
and, at the recommendation of Rev. Dr. Bliss, of Oxford, 
entered the public service in 1841 as an attendant in the Man- 
uscript Department at the British Museum. On the ascension 
of Mr. Bond to the keepership of manuscripts, in 1868, he was 
further promoted to the class of senior assistants in the same 
department. 

In 1849 he published an " Index to the Heralds' Visitations;" 
in 1854 "A Handbook to the Library of the British Museum;" 
in 1856 "A Manual for the Genealogist, Topographer, Anti- 
quary, and Legal Professor;" in 1855, in conjunction with 
Mr. F. Netherclift, Jr., the " Autograph Miscellany;" in 1860-61, 
"The Handbook to Autographs: being a ready guide to the 
Handwriting of Distinguished Men and Women of every 
Nation;" and in 1864-65, "The Autograph Souvenir." He 
had been for some time engaged in preparing for the press "A 
Classical Catalogue of Manuscripts relating to British Heraldry 
and Topography, deposited in the Public and many of the 
Private Libraries of the Kingdom," as well as a second edition 
of the afore-mentioned "Index to the Heralds' Visitations.' ' 

He married Helen Louise, only daughter of John Wisely, of 
the Fourth Dragoons. 

When he accepted his membership in this Society, he was in 
the service of the trustees of the British Museum. He be- 

l 



2 CHARLES HENRY COOTE 

longed, he said, to the family of Sims of Oxfordshire. His 
great-great-grandfather, Robert Sims, lost a large property by 
gaming. His grandfather was a laborer upon the alienated 
estate, and died in humble circumstances. His father Richard 
was the youngest of three sons, John and William being the 
names of the others. Richard married Mary Anne, daughter of 
William Fletcher, of Wadham College, Oxford, and had three 
sons, Richard, Robert, died in infancy, and William. The 
last named was the clerk of schools in Oxford, and married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Haldon, of New College, Oxford, 
and had two sons and one daughter. Richard married Helen 
Louise, only daughter of the late John Wisely, of the Fourth 
Dragoons, as above stated: no children. 



CHARLES HENRY COOTE 

Charles Henry Coote, of London, England, a Corresponding 
Member from 1881, was born June 15, 1839, and died in London, 
April 30, 1899. 

Note. The deaths of Sims and Coote were not reported to the Society 
until the year 1907. 



EDMUND JAMES BAKER 



EDMUND JAMES BAKER 

Edmund James Baker, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1871, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
November 15, 1804, and died in Dorchester, January 15, 1890. 

He was the son of Edmund and Elizabeth (Vose-Lillie) 
Baker. His line was Edmund James 7 , Edmund 6 , James 5 , 
James 4 , John 3 , John 2 , Richard 1 Baker. 

He received an academic education, and for some years 
followed the mercantile business, but preferring an out-of-door 
occupation, he took up that of surveying. One of his early 
surveys was of the towns of Dorchester and Milton, it being a 
part of the general survey of the State, the law requiring every 
town to furnish a map of its territory. For some years he was 
a resident of Milton, and from 1838 to 1842 was postmaster of 
that town, and in 1837 its representative in the Legislature. 
He was one of the founders of the Dorchester Antiquarian and 
Historical Society, in 1843, and from 1873 its president. He 
was also president of the Dorchester Fire Insurance Company. 

He was the author of a " Genealogy of Richard Baker," pub- 
lished in the Register, vol. xliii, pp. 279-290, from which the 
above facts regarding his life are gleaned. 

He married Mrs. Sarah Howard Sherman, of Augusta, Maine, 
September 1, 1847. She died June 27, 1870. They had two 
children. 



WILLIAM WILKINS WARREN 



WILLIAM WILKINS WARREN 

William Wilkins Warren, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1877, was born in West Cambridge, now 
Arlington, Massachusetts, April 11, 1814, and died in Boston, 
January 23, 1890. 

He was the son of Isaac and Frances (Wilkins) Warren, and 
was a descendant of John 1 Waren, of Watertown, Massachu- 
setts; thus, John 1 , Daniel 2 , Ensign John 3 , Deacon John 4 , Elisha 5 , 
Amos 6 , Isaac 7 , William Wilkins 8 Warren. He was married, 
October 17, 1837, to Rebecca Bennett, daughter of Joshua and 
Eleanor (Richardson) Bennett, of Billerica. 

His mother was a daughter of Dr. William Wilkins. 

His early years involved family misfortunes, and in 1828 
he left his studies to apprentice himself in the printing office of 
John B. Russell, the publisher of the "New England Farmer, 
and Horticultural Journal." When Mr. Russell relinquished 
his printing office to establish the first seed store in Boston, in 
connection with the first agricultural warehouse, Mr. Warren 
followed him, and became a clerk. In this store the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society held its first meetings, and he 
had charge of its library. 

In 1830 he had the offer of a place with his brother-in-law, 
Russell Smith, a jewelry importer at the West Indies, and he 
sailed for the Island of St. Thomas, where, in a few years, he 
was in a prosperous business for himself, having been taken into 
partnership by his employer at the early age of nineteen. He 
soon had nearly the whole management of the business, as Mr. 
Smith embarked in the lumber trade on his own account. 

In 1840 he closed his business in St. Thomas, and for the rest 
of his life became identified with Boston. After six years of 
extensive real estate business, he established, in 1846, the first 



ALEXANDER BEAL 5 

house for importing direct from the manufacturers in Europe, 
the richest articles of luxury for the household. The account 
of his visits to Europe were told in the letters he wrote to the 
" Boston Atlas.' ' This business was afterward relinquished, 
in order to have more leisure for travel, but he reembarked 
for a time in the real estate business. At the breaking out of 
the Civil War he assisted in getting off the first Massachusetts 
regiments, and subsequently gave his time, for some weeks, 
in the adjutant-general's Department. Although he rather 
avoided public office, in 1863, 1864, and 1865, he served on the 
City Council. 

He spent a number of years in travel abroad and wrote many 
letters of description to the Boston press. His book on "Nile 
Travel" went through many editions. He also wrote "The 
Autobiography and Genealogy of William Wilkins Warren." 

He was a member of the Bostonian Society and of the Ameri- 
can Historical Society ; he was president of Washingtonian Home, 
and an active member of the Unitarian Club and Art Club, and 
of the Second Church. 



ALEXANDER BEAL 

Alexander Beal, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1855, died in Dorchester, Massachusetts, January 
25, 1890, aged seventy. 



CARMI EMERY KING 



GEORGE WASHINGTON WARE, Jr. 

George Washington Ware, Jr., of Belmont, Massachusetts, 
a Resident Member from 1870, was born in Boston, October 3, 
1837, and died in Boston, February 12, 1890. 

Mr. Ware was a well-known lawyer of Boston, and was grad- 
uated at Amherst in 1859, and at the Harvard Law School in 
1861. He formerly resided in Belmont, and served on the town 
school committee, and as the town's representative in the 
Legislature of 1872. 

He married, December 14, 1865, Alice S M daughter of Ex- 
Postmaster Edward S. Tobey, who survived him. 



CARMI EMERY KING 

Carmi Emery King, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Mem- 
ber, elected in 1863, was born in Norton, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 4, 1810, and died in West Newton, Massachusetts, 
February 16, 1890, in his eightieth year. 

He was the son of Philip, Jr., and Polly (Hodges) King. 

For many years he conducted the dry-goods business on Wash- 
ington Street, Boston, at the corner of Temple Place, and also 
at the head of Franklin Street. Afterwards he was in the whole- 
sale trade on Summer Street, until the big fire, when he retired 
from business. He was for several years president of the Mount 
Vernon National Bank. 

He left a widow and one daughter. 



THOMAS SPOONER 



THOMAS SPOONER 

Thomas Spooner, of Reading, Ohio, a Corresponding Member 
and a Life Member, elected in 1861, was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, January 17, 1817, and died in Glendale, March 10, 1890. 

He was a son of Reed and Abigail (Lewis) Spooner, and was 
descended from William Spooner of Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
1637, who removed to Dartmouth between 1658 and 1662. 

He was brought up to business and was engaged in business 
until his election, in 1857, as clerk of the courts of Hamilton 
County, Ohio. At the close of his term of office he was ad- 
mitted by the District Court as attorney and counsellor at law 
and solicitor in chancery. In 1861 he was appointed first 
collector and organizer of the office of internal revenue for Cin- 
cinnati. He was a member of the Chicago Convention which 
first nominated Mr. Lincoln for the presidency. 

In 1879 he retired from business, and removed to Glendale 
He was elected mayor of the village for two terms. He was 
active and prominent in the order of Odd Fellows. 

He was married three times; first, to Sarah L., daughter of 
Rev. Zenas L. and Sally (Fisk) Leonard, of Sturbridge, Massa- 
chusetts; second, to Frances Morin, a sister of his first wife; 
third, to Sarah Abby, daughter of Rev. Francis W. and Mary 
A. H. (Leonard) Emmons, of Sturbridge. She survived his 
death, with ten of his children, who were the offspring of his 
three different marriages. 



SAMUEL ADAMS TURNER 



WILLIAM SMITH ELLIS 

William Smith Ellis, of Charlwood, Surrey, England, 
Corresponding Member from 1867, died March 22, 1890. 



JOHN JORDAN, Jr. 

John Jordan, Jr., of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1855, died March 23, 1890. 



SAMUEL ADAMS TURNER 

Samuel Adams Turner, of Scituate, Massachusetts, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1845, died June 7, 1890. 



PHILIP SLAUGHTER 



PHILIP SLAUGHTER 

Philip Slaughter, of Mitchell's Station, Virginia, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1880, died June 12, 1890. 

Philip Slaughter was born in Springfield, Virginia, October 
26, 1808. He was the son of Philip Slaughter, captain of the 
Eleventh Continental Regiment, 1776-81, and Elizabeth (To wles) 
Slaughter, daughter of Colonel Thomas Towles, of Spottsylvania, 
Virginia. He was descended from Robert 1 Slaughter, first 
church warden of St. Mark's Parish in 1730; through Colonel 
James 2 and Philip 3 , his father. 

He was educated at home by tutors until he was fourteen 
years of age; afterwards at Winchester Academy, at University 
of Virginia, and was licensed in law at twenty years of age. 
He entered the Theological Seminary of Virginia in 1833, and 
was ordained in 1834. He was rector of Dettinger Parish, 
Virginia, in 1834-35; of Christ Church, Georgetown, District of 
Columbia, 1837-40; Middlebury, Virginia, 1840-43; St. Paul's 
Church, Petersburg, 1844-47; traveled in Europe, 1848-49. 
He established a periodical, "The Virginia Colonizationist/ ' at 
Richmond, to influence the Legislature on that subject. He 
retired in ill-health to Mitchell's Station, Virginia, where he 
built a church on his own account. During the Civil War this 
church was destroyed, and his house was made uninhabitable. 
He went to Richmond and started the "Army and Navy Mes- 
senger " for religious instruction of soldiers in the field, camp, 
and hospital. After the war he returned to his home and con- 
ducted church services in his parlor, which he had made as much 
like a church interior as possible. 

He published, "History of Bristol Parish," in 1846; "History 
of St. George's Parish," 1847; "The Virginian History of African 



10 EZRA FARNSWORTH 

Colonization," 1856; "Man and Woman," 1860; "History of 
St. Mark's Parish," 1877; "Life of Randolph Fairfax," 1878; 
" Memoirs of Colonel Joshua Fry," 1888. 

He married, June 10, 1834, Anna Sophia, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas and Sophia (Potts) Semmes of Alexandria. 



EZRA FARNSWORTH 

Ezra Farnsworth, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1870, was born in Groton, January 5, 1813, and died 
in Boston, July 4, 1890. 

At the age of seventeen he came to Boston, and soon became 
a member of the firm of Farnsworth and Shaw. In 1850 he 
became connected with the dry-goods commission house of 
Parker, Wilder and Company, and there remained until his 
death. He is credited with being the first bale commission 
merchant in Boston. 

He joined the Park Street Church, and for some time was 
senior acting deacon there. Largely through his efforts the 
sale of the historic old building was frustrated. In the con- 
struction of the Congregational House he was chairman of the 
Finance Committee, and for three years served as president of 
the Board of Missions. He held the office of trustee of the 
Massachusetts General Hospital for seven years. He was a 
member of the Boston Board of Trade from its formation in 
1854, and was elected Vice-President in 1873. He was a Di- 
rector of the Boston National Bank from 1856, and President 
of the Security Safe Deposit Company. He was greatly inter- 
ested in Bradford Academy, and gave it many liberal gifts. In 
1856 he was a member of the Boston Common Council. 

He was twice married, his first wife being Sarah M. Parker, 
daughter of his business associate, and his second wife, who sur- 
vived him, being Mrs. H. A. Taylor. Six children survived him. 



JOHN CALVIN DODGE ^1 



JOHN CALVIN DODGE 

John Calvin Dodge, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1871, was born in Newcastle, Maine, November 
6, 1810, and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 17, 1890. 

He was the son of Isaac and Rachel (Ring) Dodge. His line 
runs thus: Richard 1 , Richard 2 , Richard 3 , Paul 4 , Paul 5 , and 
Isaac 6 Dodge. 

He was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1834; A.M., LL.D., 
1875. He came from Maine in 1842, and resided in Cambridge, 
practicing law in Boston. He was a member of the State Senate 
of Massachusetts in 1862, and an overseer of Bowdoin College 
from 1872 to 1888. 

He married at Edgecomb, Maine, May 15, 1843, Lucy, daughter 
of Joseph and Mary (Ring) Sherman. Their children were, 
Frederic (Harvard College, 1867), William Walter (Harvard, 
1870), Edward Sherman (Harvard, 1873). 

Mr. Dodge was a prominent lawyer. In 1842 he opened an 
office in Boston, and made maritime law his specialty. He was 
one of the founders of the Union Club, and was several times 
called to public office by his fellow-citizens. He represented 
Cambridge in the Massachusetts House of Representatives 
and the district in the State Senate. For some years he was 
one of the overseers of Bowdoin College, and was also presi- 
dent of the board. — Daily Paper. 



12 FREDERICK COLEMAN SANFORD 



FREDERICK COLEMAN SANFORD 

Frederick Coleman Sanford, a Resident Member from 
1873, was born in Nantucket, February 3, 1809, and died 
August 13, 1890. 

He was the son of Giles and Margaret Sanford. 

He attended the various schools on the island until he was 
fourteen years old, and then made a voyage to the Pacific Ocean. 
On his return, he learned the watchmaker's trade, and in 1828 
began business for himself in Nantucket. He also went into 
shipping and whaling enterprises, and retired in 1856. 

When the California gold excitement occurred in 1849, he 
fitted out four ships for San Francisco ; and in 1850 went there 
himself. He remained away two years. In 1855 he went to 
England to receive the " Great Republic," the largest ship 
afloat at that time. He chartered her to the French government, 
and was in that employment fourteen months. 

He was chairman of the Humane Society for twenty-five 
years, and was president of the Pacific National Bank of Nan- 
tucket for twenty-two years. 

He was married in Nantucket, October 7, 1831, to Mary 
Coleman, daughter of William C. Allen. Of this marriage 
there were seven children, all deceased at the time of his death, 
except Amelia Coffin Sanford, who married Thomas A. Scott, 
of Boston. 



AI BAKER THOMPSON 13 



DANIEL WALDO SALISBURY 

Daniel Waldo Salisbury, of Boston, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1871, died in Leominster, Massachusetts, 
August 18, 1890. 

Mr. Salisbury was treasurer of the Brookline Gas Light 
Company. He was a quiet, retired citizen, and was best known 
in his earlier years as a merchant in Boston. He was a graduate 
of the Boston Latin School, having entered that institution in 
1828. — Daily Paper. 



I 



AL BAKER THOMPSON 

Ai Baker Thompson, of Concord, New Hampshire, a Resident 
Member from 1882, was born in Holderness, New Hampshire, 
in 1833, and died in Concord, September 12, 1890. 

He was graduated at Dartmouth College in 1858. At the 
opening of the Civil War he enlisted and became a lieutenant in 
the Second New Hampshire Regiment. He was promoted a 
captain in the Eighteenth United States Infantry in 1861, and 
brevetted major in 1862, for meritorious conduct at the battle 
of Murfreesborough, and was retired in 1864, on account of 
disabilities. He was inspector in the provost marshal general's 
office, Department of the Ohio; was assistant provost marshal 
general of New Hampshire, and served on court-martial duty 
in Richmond, being also a sheriff there. 

He read law and practiced his profession a short time in 
Concord. He was Deputy Secretary of State for several years, 
and was Secretary of State from 1877 to his death. He was a 



14 CHARLES ROGERS 

member of the Constitutional Convention of 1876. He was 
president of the Capitol Fire Insurance Company, a trustee of 
St. Mary's School for Girls, trustee of the New Hampshire 
Savings Bank, member of the Episcopal Board of Diocesan 
Missions of New Hampshire, and past department commander of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, of New Hampshire. 
He left a wife, son, and daughter. 



CHARLES ROGERS 

Charles Rogers, of Forest Hill, Surrey, England, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1873, died September 18, 1890. 

Charles Rogers was born at Manse of Dunino, Fifeshire, Scot- 
land, April 18, 1825. He was the son of the Rev. James Rogers, 
minister of Dunino. 

He studied at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, and 
received the degree of LL.D. from Columbia College, New York, 
in 1854. 

He was chaplain of Sterling Castle from 1855 to 1863. He 
was the founder and secretary of the Grampian Club, and of 
the Royal Historical Society. The erection of the National 
Wallace Monument, near Sterling, was due to his efforts, and also 
the monument at Yarrow to James Hogg, the Ettrick Shep- 
herd. Through his efforts, Presbyterian chaplains were placed 
on the same footing (as commissioned officers) with those of the 
Anglican Establishment. During a period of twenty years he 
did much to benefit and relieve many suffering literary persons 
connected with Scotland. 

He published many works; the most important being "Me- 
moirs and Poems of Sir Robert Aytoun," in 1844; "Modern 
Scottish Minstrel," 1855-57; "Lyra Britannica, with Lives of 
the Hymn Writers," 8 volumes, 1867; "Facts and Stories of 
Scottish Life," 1869; "A Century of Scottish Life," 1871; "Mon- 



BENJAMIN HILL DEWING 15 

uments and Monumental Inscription in Scotland," 1872; "Life 
and Songs of the Baroness Nairne," and "History of the Scot- 
tish House of Roger." 

He married, December 14, 1854, Isabella Bain, daughter of 
John Bain, Esq., of St. Andrews, Scotland. There were no 
children. 



BENJAMIN HILL DEWING 

Benjamin Hill Dewing, of Revere, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1883, died in Revere, September 28, 1890, 
aged seventy-nine years. 

He lived in Revere the greater part of his life, and held nearly 
every office in the town, from constable to selectman. He was, 
previously to the Civil War, for several years a member of the 
Legislature. He left three sons and three daughters. — Daily 
Paper. 



16 ISAAC WEAKE HAMMOND 



ISAAC WEARE HAMMOND 

Isaac Weake Hammond, of Concord, New Hampshire, a 
Resident Member from 1888, was born in Gilsum, New Hamp- 
shire, July 9, 1831, and died in Concord, September 28, 1890. 
He was a son of Otis G. Hammond. 

In early life he went to Concord, where he began mercantile 
life as an accountant, and was afterward in trade for himself. He 
enlisted as a private in the Second New Hampshire Volunteers, 
and was transferred to the Fifth Regiment and appointed com- 
missary sergeant, and served three years in the Army of the 
Potomac. After the war he resided for a time in Manchester, 
where he served on the Board of Selectmen. Later he removed 
to Concord, which was afterward his home. In 1870 he was a 
deputy United States ^census marshal. In 1876 he was a dele- 
gate to the New Hampshire Constitutional Convention. From 
1877 to 1887 he was Deputy Secretary of State. In 1881 he 
was appointed state historian, and during his term he compiled 
and edited eight volumes, four of them being those of the Revo- 
lutionary War Rolls. He also edited several other historical 
publications. In 1887 he was elected librarian of the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, and was a member of the Publi- 
cation Committee. He was a member of the American Acad- 
emy of Political and Social Science of Philadelphia, and a 
member of Blazing Star Lodge of Freemasons, and of the 
Sturtevant Post of the Grand Army of Concord. 

In 1883 Dartmouth College conferred upon him the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts. 

He married, in March, 1863, Martha W. Kimball, of East Con- 
cord, who survived him with three sons. 



FREDERICK BILLINGS 17 



FREDERICK BILLINGS 

Frederick Billings, of Woodstock, Vermont, a Resident 
Member from 1888, was born in Royalton, Vermont, September 
27, 1823, and died in Woodstock, Vermont, September 30, 1890. 

He was the son of Oel and Sophia (Wetherbee) Billings. His 
New England line of ancestry is traced to William Billings, and 
the Old English ancestry is traced back still farther, till the line 
of Frederick is carried back fifteen generations. William, above, 
was William 9 , in this order. Thus the line would be in this 
country, William 9 , William 10 , Joseph 11 , Samuel 12 , John 13 , Oel 14 , 
Frederick 15 . Oel, the father of Frederick, was for the greater 
part of his life a resident of Woodstock, Vermont. 

In 1839 Frederick entered Kimball Union Academy, and in 
1844 he was graduated from the University of Vermont. He 
then read law. In 1849 he undertook a voyage to California. 
Here the young lawyer found a golden opportunity. He opened 
the first law office in San Francisco, and his firm took first rank. 
Trenor W. Park was one of the members, and General Halleck, 
afterwards General in Chief of the Army of the Union, was 
another. Mr. Billings accepted the responsible position of 
attorney-general of California, but held no other political office. 

He was married, March 31, 1862, to Julia, daughter of Dr. 
Eleazer Parmly, of New York City. They had seven children. 
Soon after his marriage he left San Francisco, and in 1864 made 
his home again in Woodstock, Vermont. 

He was interested in transcontinental railways, and devoted 
himself to the advancement of the Northern Pacific. Such occu- 
pation made it necessary for him to live much in New York, 
where he had his winter home. 

The Billings Library at Burlington was one of the many en- 
terprises of a public nature with which he was connected, and by 



18 MOSES CON ANT WARREN 

which his memory will be perpetuated. His estate was one of 
the most beautiful in Vermont. 

His gifts to the University of Vermont amounted to a quarter 
of a million of dollars, including the Billings Library Building, 
with an endowment fund of $50,000, and the library of George 
P. Marsh of 12,000 volumes, which he gave. He also gave 
$50,000 to Dwight L. Moody's School for Boys at Mount Hermon, 
in memory of his son, Ehrick, and $50,000 to Amherst College, to 
endow a professorship in memory of his son Parmly, who was 
graduated there. 

An extended memoir of Mr. Billings, by Rev. Henry A. Hazen, D.D., and 
others, was published in the Register, vol. xlv, pp. 259-267. 



MOSES CONANT WARREN 

Moses Conant Warren, of Brookline, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1871, died in Brookline, October 1, 1890, at 
the age of seventy-three. 

He was a well-known hardware merchant on Dock Square, 
Boston, from 1841. He left a widow and children. — Daily 
Paper. 



WILLIAM PHILLIPS T1LDEN 19 



WILLIAM PHILLIPS TILDEN 

William Phillips Tilden, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1863, was born in South Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, May 9, 1811, and died in Milton, Massachusetts, 
October 3, 1890. 

His father was a ship-builder, and he gave his son as careful an 
education as could be obtained at the district school. At the 
age of thirteen he persuaded his parents to allow him to ship for 
a mackerel voyage, and for six or seven years he was a fisher- 
man. Then he joined his father in the shipyard. 

But after marriage, he decided to remove to Medford, and 
there, influenced by the sermons of Rev. Caleb Stetson, he de- 
cided to enter the ministry. He returned to Scituate, and took 
up his studies again during his leisure hours, intending to enter 
the Theological School at Cambridge. He studied with Rev. 
Samuel May, while he still worked at his trade or taught school, 
and in four years he was approbated to preach by the Plymouth 
Bay Association. He was ordained in the Unitarian Church at 
Norton, Massachusetts, in 1841. From there he went to Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, then to Walpole, New Hampshire, and 
from there to Fitchburg, Massachusetts. 

He came to Boston in 1862, remained at Church Green, on 
Summer Street, until it was destroyed by the great fire, and then 
became pastor of the New South Church at the corner of Tre- 
mont and Camden streets, over which he officiated until his 
voluntary resignation in 1883. 

From Boston he went to Meadville Theological School,where he 
lectured two years, and then he organized the Unitarian Society 
at Plainfield, New York, where he was preaching when taken ill. 

He was twice married, his second wife and three children 
surviving him. 



20 WILLIAM FRANCIS WHEELER 



WILLIAM FRANCIS WHEELER 

William Francis Wheeler, of Lincoln, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1886, was born in Lincoln, March 11, 
1812, and died in Lincoln, October 10, 1890. 

He was the son of Charles and Julia (Stearns) Wheeler, and 
grandson of Rev. Charles Stearns, D.D., the second minister of 
Lincoln. 

He obtained his education in the district school of his native 
town, and also in the academies of Concord and Northfield. For 
thirteen years he taught school in different towns in Massachu- 
setts. He served many years as selectman, as town treasurer, 
and as chairman of the school committee. For forty years 
he was treasurer of the Unitarian Society. He prepared a 
historical sketch of Lincoln, which was published in Drake's 
"History of Middlesex County." 

He married, October 4, 1838, Hannah Crowell Paddock 
daughter of Judah and Mary (Crowell) Paddock. Mrs. Wheeler 
died in 1858, leaving one son, Charles Stearns Wheeler. He 
married, second, October 16, 1864, Martha Jane Allen, daughter 
of Rev. Morrill and Hannah (Dean) Allen, of Pembroke, Massa- 
chusetts. 

. In 1853 he was in the Massachusetts Legislature, and in the 
same year was in the Constitutional Convention. A widow and 
one son survived him. 

For the materials of this sketch the complier is indebted in part to a longer 
sketch in Hurd's " History of Middlesex County," vol. ii, pp. 638-639. 



GEORGE MORGAN HILLS 21 



LEBBEUS STETSON 

Lebbeus Stetson, of Somerville, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1870, died in Somerville, October 13, 1890. 

Lebbeus Stetson was born in Boston, Massachusetts, October 
16, 1810. He was the son of Lebbeus and Sarah (Bates) Stet- 
son. He was descended from Robert 1 Stetson, of Scituate, who 
came to this country in 1634; through Benjamin 2 , Benjamin 3 , 
Abijah 4 , John 5 , and Lebbeus 6 , his father. 

He never sought or held a public office of any kind, but served 
in the army in the Civil War about a year and a half, receiving a 
lieutenant's commission. 

He married, October 13, 1836, Sarah A. Bates, daughter of 
Daniel Bates, of East Windsor, Connecticut. By this marriage 
there were five children. 



GEORGE MORGAN HILLS 

George Morgan Hills, of Burlington, New Jersey, a Cor- 
responding Member from 1886, died October 15, 1890. 

George Morgan Hills was born in Auburn, New York, October 
10, 1825. He was the son of Horace and Almira (Wilcox) Hills, 
and was descended from Elisha Hills. 

He was prepared for college in select schools 'and under pri- 
vate tutors. He was graduated with honors at Trinity College 
in 1847; A.M., 1850; D.D., 1871. 

He was ordained deacon in Buffalo, New York, in 1850; rector 
of Grace Church, Lyons, New York, 1850-53; ordained priest in 
1851; Trinity Church, Watertown, New York, 1853-57; St. 



22 GEORGE MORGAN HILLS 

Paul's Church, Syracuse, New York, 1857-70; traveled in 
Europe in 1861-62; laid corner-stone of Christ Church, Jordan, 
New York, 1863; inaugurated a mission among the Onondaga 
Indians, 1867; rector of St. Mary's Church, Burlington, New 
Jersey, from 1870; founded the Church of St. Mary-by-the-Sea, 
Point Pleasant, New Jersey, 1880; trustee of the General Theo- 
logical Seminary, New York, 1862-84; president of standing 
committee of the diocese of Central New York, 1868-70 ; dean 
of Burlington, 1874-88; Fellow of Trinity College, 1873-83; 
trustee of Burlington College, from 1876, and lecturer on history, 
1879-80. 

He wrote and published, "Letters from Europe," 1861; "The 
Wise Master-Builder," 1865; "A Step Between Us and Death," 
1866; "A Mother in Israel," 1867; "The Record of the Past," 
1868; "Mission Service for the Six Nations of Indians," 1868; 
"An Historical Sketch of St. Paul's Church, Syracuse," 1870; 
"History of the Church in Burlington, New Jersey," 1876; and 
several sermons. 

He married, October 7, 1852, Sarah, daughter of John Dows, 
of New York City. There were six children, Ernest, Adriana, 
John Dows, Reginald, George Heathcote. and Constance. 



HENRY MARTYN DEXTER 23 



JOHN LOCKE ALEXANDER 

John Locke Alexander, of Belmont, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1869, was born in Winchester, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1806, and died in Belmont, November 9, 1890. 

He entered Groton Academy in 1827, and was graduated at 
Amherst College in 1831. After attending a course of lectures at 
the Medical College of South Carolina, in Charleston, he took up 
his practice in Florida. Later he attended another course at the 
Berkshire Medical Institution, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where 
he was graduated in 1835. From 1855 to 1859 he was post- 
master of Belmont, before it was incorporated as a town. 

He was the first postmaster of Belmont, and a member of the 
school committee. He was the author of a sketch of Belmont, 
which appeared in Drake's "History of Middlesex County." 



HENRY MARTYN DEXTER 

Henry Martyn Dexter, of Boston, a Resident Member from 
1862, was born in Plympton, Massachusetts, August 13, 1821, 
and died in New Bedford, Massachusetts, November 13, 1890. 
He was the son of the Rev. Elijah and Mary (daughter of Hon. 
Nathaniel Morton, of Freetown, Massachusetts) Dexter. 

He was graduated from Yale College in 1840, and from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1844. He was ordained pas- 
tor of the Franklin Street Church, Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire, in November, 1844. In 1849 he was settled as pastor of 
Pine Street Church, now Berkeley Street Church, Boston. He 
resigned this charge in 1867, to devote himself to the editor- 



24 NATHANIEL HOLMES MOKISON 

ship of the "Congregationalist," with which he had been 
connected from 1851. He was one of the editors of the 
"Congregational Quarterly" from 1859 to 1866, and he was acting 
pastor of the Pilgrim Church in Dorchester from 1869 to 1871. 

Dr. Dexter was the chief historian and the ardent defender of 
Congregationalism, and therefore was considered an authority 
upon the subject of the founders and early history of New Eng- 
land, and especially so in reference to the ecclesiastical polity 
which they established. His investigations on both sides of the 
Atlantic were notable. 

He was a member of the American Antiquarian Society and of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. He received the degree 
of D.D. and LL.D. from Yale College. 

He was married November 19, 1844, to Emeline, daughter of 
Simeon and Mary (Caldwell) Palmer, of Boston. She survived 
him, with one son, Rev. Morton Dexter (Yale College, 1867). 



NATHANIEL HOLMES MORISON 

Nathaniel Holmes Morison, a Corresponding Member from 
1884, and elected an Honorary Member in 1890, was born in 
Peterborough, New Hampshire, December 14, 1815, and died in 
Baltimore, Maryland, November 14, 1890. 

He was the son of Nathaniel and Mary Ann (Hopkins) Mori- 
son, of Peterborough, and was descended from John 1 Morison of 
Windham, New Hampshire, through John 2 , Captain Thomas 3 , 
Deacon Robert 4 , and Nathaniel 5 , his father. 

He was educated in the district school, attended Phillips 
Exeter Academy for two years, and entered the Sophomore Class 
at Harvard College, graduating in 1839. He was a member of 
the Harvard Union, the Hasty Pudding Club, and the Phi 
Beta Kappa Society. 

After graduating he went to Baltimore, to become the prin- 



NATHANIEL HOLMES MORISON 25 

cipal teacher in a fashionable girls' school. In 1841 he opened 
a girls' school on his own account. In 1840 he began the study 
of divinity with the Rev. Dr. G. W. Burnap, and was licensed to 
preach at Keene in 1843. His school, which for an entire term 
consisted of two pupils, soon became so prosperous that he 
gradually gave up the idea of devoting himself to the ministry. 
In 1867 he accepted the position of provost of the Peabody 
Institute in Baltimore. He devoted himself to the library, 
which then contained about 15,000 volumes, and under his ad- 
ministration the number became over 60,000, and the library 
was regarded as one of the best reference libraries in the country. 

He was for many years a trustee of the First Independent 
Church, of Baltimore. He was one of the board of governors and 
visitors of St. John's College, at Annapolis, from which, in 1871, 
he received the honorary degree of LL.D. 

In 1872, when he gave up all interest in the school in Balti- 
more, he sent his philosophical apparatus as a gift to the high 
school of Peterborough. 

He published in 1843, " Three Thousand Questions in Geog- 
raphy," also " Punctuation and Solecisms," of which an enlarged 
edition was printed in 1867, under the title of a " School Manual." 
In 1871 he wrote a pamphlet on the management and objects 
of the Peabody Institute, and also compiled fourteen annual 
reports of the Institute. 

He married, December 22, 1842, Sidney Buchanan Brown, of 
Baltimore. Of this marriage there were six children, Frank, 
George Brown, Ernest Nathaniel, Robert Brown, William 
George, and John Holmes. 



26 JOSEPH WHITE 



JOSEPH WHITE 

Joseph White, of Lowell, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1858, was born in Charlemont, November 18, 1811, 
and died in Williamstown, Massachusetts, November 21, 1890. 

He was educated at Bennington Academy, Vermont, and was 
graduated from Williams College in 1836. He taught for a time, 
and studied law at Troy, New York. He was tutor at Williams 
College in 1839-40, and was admitted to the Bar in 1841, prac- 
ticing for seven years. He then moved to Lowell, where he 
became manager of a manufacturing corporation. He was in 
the State Senate in 1857, and in 1858 was appointed bank com- 
missioner, holding the position for two years. In 1860 he was 
appointed secretary of the Board of Education, and was actively 
engaged in promoting the school system till 1877. He was 
elected trustee of Williams College in 1848, and treasurer in 1859. 
He was in the State Legislature in the lower house again in 
1875. 

He married, not long after his graduation from college, 
Hannah Danforth, of Williamstown, who survived him. 



JOHN JORDAN LATTING 27 



JOHN JORDAN LATTING 

John Jordan Latting, of New York City, a Corresponding 
Member from 1873, was born in Lattington, Long Island, March 
31, 1819, and died in New York City, December 16, 1890. 

He was graduated from Middlebury College, Vermont, and 
studied law in the office of Francis Cutting. He was admitted to 
the Bar, and entered into partnership with Caleb S. Woodhull, 
afterward mayor of New York. In 1856 he was a member of 
the firm of Wakeman, Latting, and Phelps. Subsequently the 
firm was Wakeman and Latting. After his retirement in 1885, 
because of a stroke of apoplexy, he went to Europe for his 
health, and was apparently much benefited. 

He married Harriet A. Emerson, daughter of the Rev. Brown 
Emerson, of Salem, Massachusetts. 



28 EDWAED ISAIAH THOMAS 



EDWARD ISAIAH THOMAS 

Edward Isaiah Thomas, of Brookline, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1888, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
November 19, 1833, and died in Brookline, December 26, 1890. 
His father, grandfather, and great-grandfather bore the name of 
Isaiah; the last-named was the founder and first president of 
the American Antiquarian Society. 

He was educated in Ohio. He came to Boston in 1854, and 
entered the employ of Butler, Keith, and Hill, dealers in hard- 
ware at No. 118 State Street. The firm afterward removed to 
No. 120 Milk Street, and its name was changed to Butler, Sise, 
and Company. He remained with it as long as it continued in 
business, his department being that of accounts and finance, in 
which he was an expert. 

He took up his residence in Brookline in 1862, and from that 
time forward was active in the management of town affairs. He 
was a member of the House of Representatives from 1877 to 
1881, and of the Senate in 1882 and 1883. During most of this 
period he was chairman of the committee on banks and bank- 
ing, and in 1881 a member of the committee on the revision of 
the Statutes. 

He gave much time and strength to philanthropic work. He 
was the means of raising a considerable sum of money to sustain 
a mission among the Metlakahtla Indians in the Northwest ; and 
during the last few years of his life he interested himself in the 
Italian population in Boston. 

He left a wife and three daughters ; two of the latter were mar- 
ried, — Mrs. Livingston Cushing and Mrs. Samuel C. Bennett. 



FRANKLIN CHASE 29 



FRANKLIN CHASE 

Franklin Chase, of Tampico, Mexico, a Corresponding 
Member from 1859, died in New York, December 27, 1890. 

When young he went to the United States of Colombia and 
served as an officer in the Colombian Navy. He reached the 
rank of captain, and resigned, and went to Tampico, Mexico, 
engaging in business there. He was appointed United States 
consular agent, later became vice-consul, and subsequently 
consul. 

While there, the Mexican War broke out. He sent out infor- 
mation which resulted in the capture of the town, without the 
shedding of blood. It was estimated that the American govern- 
ment was saved $1,000,000 by this act. Later, when the French, 
Spanish, and German consuls were recalled, he was asked to 
fulfil their duties, which he did ; thus being consul for four nations 
at one time. He was consul altogether for a period of thirty- 
seven years. 



30 JOSHUA HUNTINGTON WOLCOTT 



JOSHUA HUNTINGTON WOLCOTT 

Joshua Huntington Wolcott, of Boston, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1847, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, 
August 29, 1804, and died in Boston, January 4, 1891. 

He was the son of Frederick Wolcott, judge of probate, and 
grandson of Oliver Wolcott, one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. His first American ancestor settled in Milton 
in 1630. 

At an early age he removed to Boston, and entered the em- 
ploy of the mercantile house of A. and A. Lawrence and Com- 
pany, and while still a young man, was made a partner in the 
firm. This house carried a leading part in the development of 
the great manufacturing and commercial enterprises of New 
England, and he was thoroughly identified with its work. He 
was treasurer of the Boston Sanitary Commission during the 
Civil War. In 1851 he became a citizen of Milton. 

He married, November 12, 1844, Cornelia, daughter of 
Samuel Frothingham, of Boston. She died five years after her 
marriage, and he subsequently married her sister, Harriet 
Frothingham, who survived him with one son, Roger Wolcott, 
later governor of Massachusetts. Another son, Lieutenant 
Huntington F. Wolcott, served in the Civil War, but at the 
age of nineteen, died on the eve of Lee's surrender, from the 
results of camp fever. 



ALBERT LORENZO EASTMAN 31 



ALBERT LORENZO EASTMAN 

Albert Lorenzo Eastman, of Hampstead, New Hampshire, 
a Resident Member from 1884, was born in Hampstead, October 
17, 1815, and died there, January 12, 1891. He was son of Tap- 
pan and Susannah (Boynton) Eastman. 

He received his education in Newburyport and at the old 
Haverhill Academy. He began his business career with Jacob 
Howe, of Haverhill, and was afterward in Boston, Louisville, 
and Philadelphia. He finally settled in New York, and estab- 
lished the firm of Eastman, Sheldon, and Townsend, importers of 
ribbons and fancy goods. Mr. Sheldon was lost at sea, on a 
return voyage from Europe, and the firm took the name of East- 
man, Bigelow, and Dayton. 

Mr. Eastman always retained his citizenship in his native 
town, and his interest in its prosperity. He represented it in 
the Legislature of New Hampshire in 1876, 1877, and 1881. He 
was a presidential elector on the Garfield and Arthur ticket, and 
served on Governor Cheney's staff. He was a trustee of the 
Hampstead High School, and a member of St. Mark's Lodge 
of Masons, of Derry. 

He married Mrs. Mary (Kent) Irving, widow of John D. 
Irving, and she survived Mr. Eastman's death. 



32 GEORGE BANCROFT 



GEORGE BANCROFT 

George Bancroft, the eminent historian, of Washington, 
District of Columbia, was an Honorary Member of this Society, 
and elected to membership in 1845. 

He was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, October 3, 1800, 
and died in Washington, January 17, 1891. He was the son of 
Rev. Aaron Bancroft, an eminent Unitarian clergyman of 
Worcester; was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, and was 
graduated at Harvard College in 1817. He was sent by the 
college to study at Gottingen, in order that the teaching at Har- 
vard might be strengthened. One of his professors was Heeren, 
the greatest historical critic in Europe. His influence is trace- 
able in Bancroft's writings. He received the degree of Ph.D. 
from Gottingen, and proceeded afterwards to Berlin, to study. 

Having made the round of the German Universities, he trav- 
eled in France, Italy, and England, and returned to his tutor- 
ship at Harvard. Finding himself trammeled in his attempts 
to introduce German methods, he resigned, and in company 
with Dr. Cogswell, he founded the Round Hill School at North- 
ampton, Massachusetts. He prepared text-books and published 
a volume of poems and translated Heeren's " Politics of Ancient 
Greece," and his " History of Political Systems in Europe." In 
1834 the initial volume of his " History of the United States" 
was issued. 

In 1838 he was collector of the Port of Boston; in 1845 he 
was Secretary of the Navy, and established the Naval Academy 
at Annapolis; in 1846 he was minister to England, and in 1849 
the University of Oxford conferred upon him the degree of 
D.C.L.; he next devoted himself to the continuation of his great 
historical work, and published volumes v to x, during the 
years 1850 to 1874; in 1867 he was minister to the German 



CHARLES ADDISON RICHARDSON 33 

Empire; and in 1868 the University of Bonn conferred upon 
him the degree of LL.D. 

Among his minor writings were "The Necessity, Reality, and 
the Promise of the Progress of the Human Race;" "A Plea for 
the Constitution of the United States;" "The Culture, the Sup- 
port, and the Object of Art in a Republic;" "The Office, Appro- 
priate Culture, and Duty of the Mechanic;" "Eulogies on 
Lincoln, Andrew Jackson, Prescott, and Washington Irving." 

George Bancroft was descended from Lieutenant Thomas 1 Bancroft, of 
Reading, Massachusetts, by Deacon Thomas 2 , Captain Samuel 3 , Esquire 
Samuel 4 , Rev. Aaron 5 , and Lucetta (Chandler), George 6 . (See "History of 
Reading," p. 45.) 



CHARLES ADDISON RICHARDSON 

Charles Addison Richardson, of Chelsea, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1884, was born in Franklin, Massachu- 
setts, October 9, 1829, and died in Boston, January 18, 1891. 
He was son of Elisha and Harriet (Blake) Richardson. 

Charles Addison Richardson was a descendant of John 1 
Richardson, of Medfield, Massachusetts, through John 2 , John 3 , 
John 4 , Elisha 5 , and Elisha 6 Richardson, his father. (See 
" Richardson Memorial," p. 781.) 

His early years were spent on a farm, where he worked hard, 
picking up, by the way, such learning as he could obtain in the 
local schools and academies. He ardently desired a collegiate 
education and a ministerial career, but he lacked the requisite 
means, and his health was poor. However, he studied for some 
time in the state normal schools at Westfield and Bridgewater, 
and then taught for several years in Dedham and other towns. 

He came to Boston in 1854, and spent a year or two in the 
employ of John P. Jewett and Company, who had just become 
famous as the publishers of Mrs. Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin." 
In 1856 he connected himself with a religious newspaper called 



34 FREEMAN HARLOW MORSE 

the "Congregationalist," and took the position of managing 
editor, and from that time, until his death, his personal history 
was identified with it. 

In 1866 he published a volume called "Household Readings," 
which contained a selection of articles from his paper. The 
"Recorder," a religious paper, established by Dr. Jedidiah 
Morse in 1816, was consolidated with the "Congregationalist" 
in 1867. 

He received the honorary degree of M.A. from Dartmouth 
College in 1885. 

He married at Westfield, May 3, 1852, Mary Jane Phipps, 
daughter of John Silas and Mary Jane (Knapp) Phipps; she 
survived his decease, with two of his children, four other children 
having died previously. 



FREEMAN HARLOW MORSE 

Freeman Harlow Morse, of London, England, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1863, was born in Bath, Maine, in 1807, 
and died in Surbiton, Surrey, England, February 6, 1891. 

He was mayor of Bath for three years. He served in the State 
Legislature from 1840 to 1844 and in 1853 and 1856. He was 
elected to Congress in 1843, and served three terms. He was 
United States consul-general in London from 1861 to 1870, 
and continued living in England after his retirement from the 
consulate. 



JOHN APPLETON 35 

1473627 

JOHN APPLETON 

John Appleton, of Bangor, Maine, a Corresponding Member 
from 1845, was born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, July 12, 
1804, and died in Bangor, Maine, February 7, 1891. 

He was the son of John and Elizabeth (Peabody) Appleton. 
He was a descendant of Samuel 1 Appleton, of Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, through Captain Samuel 2 , Major Isaac 3 , Isaac 4 , Fran- 
cis 5 , and John 6 , his father. 

He was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1822, studied law, 
and entered into partnership with Elisha Allen, afterwards chief 
justice of Hawaii. In 1852 he was appointed a justice of the 
Supreme Court of Maine; in 1862 was chosen chief justice; and 
in 1869 and 1876 was reappointed justice. He retired from the 
bench in 1883, and engaged in private practice till 1885, when 
the infirmities of age caused him to retire. 

He was one of the most eminent jurists in the State. As re- 
porter of decisions, he compiled two volumes of "Maine Reports" 
(1841), and he was the author of " Appleton on Evidence" 
(1860). Many important statutory changes in the laws of evi- 
dence and other branches of jurisprudence resulted from his 
efforts. 



36 ROBERT DUNCAN WILMOT 



ROBERT DUNCAN WILMOT 

Robert Duncan Wilmot, of Fredericton, New Brunswick, 
Corresponding Member from 1883, died February 12, 1891. 

Robert Duncan Wilmot was born in Fredericton, October 16, 
1809. He was the son of John McNeil and Susan Harriet (Wig- 
gins) W T ilmot. Lemuel Wilmot, his grandfather, was a resident 
of Connecticut. 

He was educated at the grammar school in St. John, which he 
left in 1824. He was engaged in mercantile and manufacturing 
business until 1851; part of the time in St. John, and also in 
Liverpool, England. In 1851 he removed to the family property 
at Belmont, New Brunswick, and engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. 

He was elected a member of the House of Assembly of New 
Brunswick, as a representative of the city and county of St. 
John, in 1846; was mayor of St. John, 1848-49; surveyor-general 
of New Brunswick, with a seat in the House of Assembly, from 
1851 to 1854; and a member of the Executive Government, pro- 
vincial secretary of New Brunswick, 1856-57; and a member of 
the Executive Council in 1865 and 1866 ; a delegate to represent 
the Province of New Brunswick at the Commercial Council of 
Trades, held at Quebec, in 1865, and a delegate to London in 
1866 and 1867, for the purpose of agreeing to an act for the 
Confederation of the Provinces of British North America; a 
member of the Senate of Canada in 1867, and Speaker of the 
Senate in 1878, and lieutenant-governor of the Province of New 
Brunswick, in 1879. 

He married, December 17, 1833, JSusan Elizabeth, daughter of 
David Mowatt. The children were John David, Robert Dun- 
can, Charlotte Gertrude, Susan Harriet, Henry, Edward Ashley, 
Elizabeth Black, and Anna. 



SAMUEL CROCKER COBB 37 



SAMUEL CROCKER COBB 

Samuel Crocker Cobb, of Roxbury, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1860, was born in Taunton, Massachusetts, 
May 22, 1826, and died in Boston, February 18, 1891. 

He was a descendant in the sixth generation from Austin (or 
Augustine) Cobb, of Taunton, 1670. He was grandson of Gen- 
eral David Cobb, and son of David George Washington and 
Abby (daughter of Hon. Samuel Crocker) Cobb. 

He attended the private school of Rev. E. M. P. Wells, in 
South Boston, and was fitted for college at Bristol Academy, in 
Taunton. He expected to enter Harvard College in 1842, but 
was obliged to give up his studies and begin earning his own 
living. 

In 1842 he became a clerk in the service of Messrs. A. and C. 
Cunningham, foreign shipping merchants, at No. 15 Rowe's 
Wharf, in Boston. In 1847 he formed a business connection 
with a former clerk, J. Henry Cunningham, under the firm name 
of Cunningham and Cobb. In 1848 Charles, an older brother of 
Henry Cunningham, was admitted as partner, and the firm 
name was changed to Cunningham and Cobb. This firm was 
dissolved in 1850, and in 1851 Mr. Cobb formed a partnership 
with Josiah Wheelwright, in the foreign shipping and commission 
business. From 1858 to 1878 he carried on business alone, and 
in his own name, on Central Wharf. 



38 JOHN BROOKS RUSSELL 

In 1860 he was a member of the Roxbury Board of Aldermen, 
and in 1867, on the annexation of Roxbury to Boston, he was 
elected to the Boston Board. He was mayor of Boston in 1873, 
and for two terms afterwards. He was a member of the Board 
of Directors of the Institute of Technology; a director of the Old 
Colony Railroad Company; a trustee of the Bay State Trust 
Company, and of the Forest Hills Cemetery; chairman of the 
commission to select a site and build the Danvers Hospital for 
the insane; and treasurer of the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel among the Indians; and President of the Massachusetts 
Society of the Cincinnati. 

He was married November 21, 1848, at Belfast, Maine, to 
Aurelia L., daughter of William and Jane D. Beattie, of East 
Thomaston, Maine. 

For the materials of this sketch, the editor is indebted to "The Profes- 
sional and Educational History of Suffolk County/' vol. ii, p. 533. 



JOHN BROOKS RUSSELL 

John Brooks Russell, of Washington, District of Columbia, 
a Corresponding Member from 1873, was born in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, in the part afterwards West Cambridge, and now 
known as the town of Arlington, in the year 1801, and died in 
Indianapolis, Indiana, March 11, 1891. 

He was born John Russell Estabrook, and in 1820, for 
family reasons, had his name changed by act of the Legislature 
to John Brooks Russell. His parents were John and Anna 
(Russell) Estabrook, and his father died in 1802, shortly after 
the son was born. 

When John Brooks Russell was sixteen he left for Boston to 
learn the printer's trade. He cultivated a literary taste in early 
life, and became a great reader of history and biography. From 
1813 to 1815 he read everything worth reading in the old village 



JOHN BROOKS RUSSELL 39 

social library, of a little more than one hundred volumes; also all 
the books which he could borrow, as books were then scarce. 
The village clergyman was librarian. 

Through his mother he was a descendant of the Jason Russell 
who was killed in his own house by the British during their re- 
treat from Concord, on April 19, 1775. His line was William 1 , 
Jason 2 , Hubbard 3 , Jason 4 (the above Jason of Lexington battle), 
Thomas 5 , Anna 6 (married John Estabrook), John Russell 7 
Estabrook, — otherwise John Brooks Russell, by change of 
name. 

In 1815 he was a student at Westford Academy, and in the 
same year he went to school in Woburn, Massachusetts, for two 
weeks, to the celebrated explorer, Hall J. Kelley. In Woburn 
he boarded with a Mr. Thompson in a house where Count Rum- 
ford was born. 

From 1824 to 1832 he was the publisher of the "New Eng- 
land Farmer, " and also the proprietor of a seed store, in which 
he was succeeded by the well-known firm of Joseph Breck 
and Son. 

In 1828 or 1829 a letter was received by Mr. Russell, urging 
the formation of a horticultural society. Acting on the hint 
thus received, he suggested to the numerous visitors to his office 
the formation of such a society, and it is believed by good 
authority that this was the first formal proposal of such an or- 
ganization in Massachusetts. He was also one of those selected 
by the new society to obtain subscribers to the project, and also 
lived to tell of the occasion many years afterwards. He was thus 
one of the founders of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 
He was also elected, being then a resident of Boston, one of the 
board of councillors. 

He was appointed the general agent of the society, and was the 
first person to hold the position. As such he helped form the 
nucleus of its valuable library. He also wrote some reminis- 
cences of the establishment of Mount Auburn Cemetery. 

A portrait of Mr. Russell was presented to the Horticultural 
Society in 1871. 



40 EDWARD SILAS TOBEY 

In 1879, he resided in Newmarket, New Jersey, when, as one 
of the four surviving founders of the Horticultural Society, he 
was invited to join in the semi-centennial anniversary of its 
organization. He was present. 

He afterwards became a celebrated journalist in the Western 
States. He was also connected with different newspapers, the 
" Christian Register" among others. He furnished valuable 
additions to Cutter's " History of Arlington," his native town. 
He was a practiced writer, in a style remarkable for its use of 
simple words. For many years he lived in Washington, where 
he was connected with the Smithsonian Institution. 

He was married, and left a family of children. 

See " History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society," p. 56. Compare 
also Tilton's "Journal of Agricultural," vol. vii, for articles by Mr. Russell 
on the subject of his connection with the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 



EDWARD SILAS TOBEY 

Edward Silas Tobey, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Mem- 
ber, elected in 1868, was born in Kingston, Massachusetts, April 
5, 1813, and died in Brookline, Massachusetts, March 29, 1891. 

He was a son of Silas Tobey, of Berkley, and grandson of Hon. 
Samuel Tobey, judge of the Court of Common Pleas, of Taunton. 

He began his education in the Mason Street School in Boston, 
and finished it in the high school at Duxbury. He had in- 
tended to enter Harvard College, but ill health forced him to 
change his plans. 

In 1830, on his return from a voyage to Spain, he reentered 
the counting-room of his grandfather, who was the senior partner 
of the firm of Phineas and Seth Sprague, shipowners. He con- 
tinued there until 1860, having been taken into the firm in 1833. 
In 1838 he was chosen director in the United States Insurance 
Company of Boston; in 1839, a director of the Commercial Bank; 
and was a director in the Union Bank in Boston from 1842 to 



EDWARD SILAS TOBEY 41 

1866. He was also a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Suffolk Savings Bank. He was one of the founders of the 
Boston Board of Trade, and was vice-president of the board in 
1859, and president in 1861-62, and 1863. In 1861 he became a 
director of the Union Steamship Company, and chairman of the 
building committee for the construction of two iron steamships 
of 2,000 tons each. He was also a director in the Boston and 
Southern Steamship Company, and during the Civil War was 
a member of the committee on harbor defenses. In 1861 he 
was president of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association, 
and as chairman of its army committee, was actively engaged in 
distributing supplies to the soldiers, to the value of $1,000,000. 
Soon after the close of the war he became one of the hundred 
corporators of national asylums for soldiers, at Hampton, Vir- 
ginia, Dayton, Ohio, and Togus Springs, Augusta, Maine. 

In 1886 he was elected to the Massachusetts Senate. 

In 1875 he was appointed postmaster of Boston by President 
Grant, and was reappointed by Presidents Hayes and Arthur. 

He was the first president of the Fall River Boat Company, 
and was the first treasurer of the Russell Mills, Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts. He held official relations to the Congregational Asso- 
ciation, American Missionary Association, American Peace 
Society, Discharged Soldiers' Home, Pilgrim's Society, Dart- 
mouth College, Bradford Academy, and Webster Historical 
Society, and the Institute of Technology. 

In 1883 he moved to Brookline. He left a widow, three sons, 
and two daughters. 



42 EDWIN HUBBARD 



EDWIN HUBBARD 

Edwin Hubbard, a Corresponding Member from 1846, was 
born in Berlin, Connecticut, July 29, 1811, and died in Benning- 
ton, Vermont, April 11, 1891. He was the son of Harvey and 
Jennie Doane (Galpin) Hubbard. His line was Edwin 7 , Har- 
vey 6 , Abijah 5 (Revolutionary soldier), Samuel 4 , Samuel 3 , Sam- 
uel 2 , George 1 , of Middletown, Connecticut. 

He married in Berlin, October 14, 1832, Hannah Root North, 
daughter of Lemuel and Rebecca (Goodrich) North. They had 
ten children, of whom four alone survived their childhood, and 
these four died long before the death of their parents. The 
family lived in various places, and in 1859 went to Chicago. In 
1883 he returned to Vermont. His wife died in 1893. 

He was in different kinds of business, and at one time was 
president of a bank, but his attention throughout his life was 
devoted mainly to genealogical research. He collected data 
from boyhood to his old age about his own and numerous other 
families. He invented " ancestral registers," or printed tabular 
forms for copying data into. He made a specialty of " ancestral 
research," or the tracing out of as many ancestors as it was possi- 
ble for one to find. 

He was attracted to the pursuit of genealogy when a mere boy, 
by hearing a man say that he did not know the maiden name of 
his own grandmother. He has been called by another, a "born 
genealogist." 

The above sketch is condensed from a memoir, by Mrs. Fanny Wilder 
Brown, published in the Register, vol. lii, pp. 473-475. 



RALPH WILLARD ALLEN 43 



RALPH WILLARD ALLEN 

Ralph Willard Allen, of Maiden, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1881, was born in Enfield, Connecticut, February 
16, 1812, and died in East Boston, April 16, 1891. 

He was a successful and honored minister for fifty-eight years 
in New England. He joined the Methodist Episcopal confer- 
ence in 1833, and was appointed to the church at Hingham. His 
other appointments in the regular pastorate were as follows: 
North Maiden, now Melrose; Southbridge; Manchester, Connec- 
ticut; New London, Connecticut; Providence, Rhode Island; 
Warren, Rhode Island; St. Paul's Church, Fall River; Saugus; 
Saratoga Street Church, East Boston; Dorchester; Centenary 
Church, now St. John's, South Boston; St. Paul's Church, Lynn; 
Newton Upper Falls and Cliftondale. He was twice presiding 
elder, and in each case served four years. During the later days 
of his life he supplied the churches at Maplewood, Bradford, 
and Winthrop. 

He induced the great evangelist, Rev. James Caughey, of Eng- 
land, to come to this country. Dr. Allen, himself, was the author 
of a number of interesting Sunday-school books which had an 
extensive sale. 

He was married in 1835, to Mary Jones Tower, of Hingham. 
She died in Maiden in 1884. He left three sons and three 
daughters, one daughter being the wife of Rev. Dr. E. B. An- 
drews, at one time president of Brown University, and Willard 
S. Allen was one of his sons. 



44 AUGUSTUS THORNDIKE PERKINS 



AUGUSTUS THORNDIKE PERKINS 

Augustus Thorndike Perkins, of Boston, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1863, was born in Boston, September 28, 
1827, and died there, April 21, 1891. 

He was the grandson of Hon. Thomas Handasyd Perkins, and 
a son of Thomas Handasyd and Jane Fraser (Dumaresq) Perkins. 

When young he entered the commission house of Messrs. 
Francis Skinner and Company, from which he withdrew and 
completed his education, graduating at Harvard College in 1851. 
He received his degree of A.M. in 1860, and took his degree at the 
Law School at Cambridge in 1853. He was grand marshal of 
the Porcelian Club. He never practiced law, but was interested 
in business affairs, and was, for a time, president of the Douglass 
Axe Company. He was a gentleman of literary tastes, and was 
the author of a "Life of Copley." 

He married, March 4, 1861, Susan H. Timmins, who with sev- 
eral daughters survived him. 



NATHANIEL FOSTER S AFFORD 45 



NATHANIEL FOSTER SAFFORD 

Nathaniel Foster Safford, a Life Member, elected in 1873, 
was born in Salem, Massachusetts, September 19, 1815, and died 
in Milton, Massachusetts, April 22, 1891. 

For more than fifty years, as a member of the Bar, he held an 
honorable place as a lawyer of eminent ability. From his early 
years of practice he was appointed to important positions of 
public trusi. His deep interest in this Society, and his valuable 
services to it of many years, were notable, and he did much to 
build up its interests. Resolutions were passed by the Society 
at the time of his death, expressing the deep sense of his loss. 

His immigrant ancestor was Thomas 1 Safford, an early settler 
of Ipswich, Massachusetts. The line from him was by John 2 
Thomas 3 , Stephen 4 , Nathan 5 , to Nathaniel Foster 6 , father of 
Nathaniel Foster 7 Safford, the subject of this sketch. The 
mother of Mr. Safford was the second wife of his father, viz., Han- 
nah, daughter of William and Mary Woodbury, of Hamilton, 
Massachusetts. Mr. Safford's wife was Josephine Eugenia 
Morton, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Wheeler) Morton, of 
Milton, to whom he was married February 10, 1845. Of this 
marriage there was one son, Nathaniel Morton Safford, who was 
bora January 31, 1848, and who, with his mother, survived his 
father's death. 

He attended as a child the private schools of Miss Abigail 
Mason and Mr. James S. Gerrish, and later the Latin grammar 
school, of Salem. His father was recalled by a local antiquary, 
as "very respectable in appearance." He was "a dealer in iron, 
grindstones," etc. The son graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1835. He was one of the youngest members in his class. 

Upon graduation from college he began the study of law in 
the office of Hon. Asahel Huntington, of Salem. He was ad- 



46 EDWIN DAWSON BUCKMAN 

mitted to the Essex County Bar in 1838. He next opened an 
office at the "Milton Lower Falls' ' village, in a building standing 
where the chocolate mill now stands. This was equivalent to 
his going to Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1839, as stated else- 
where. In the eighteen hundred sixties he removed his office 
to Boston, and practiced there till his death. 

In the early part of his practice he was appointed a master in 
chancery, and acted as a magistrate. He was much interested 
in local town affairs, and excelled as a presiding officer. He was 
chosen representative to the General Court from the town of 
Dorchester for the years 1850 and 1851. He was chairman of 
the Board of County Commissioners for Norfolk County, and 
held the office for fifteen years. In 1872 he was again elected 
to the board, and again chosen chairman, for six years, making, 
in all, a term of twenty-one years. 

The above sketch is prepared from a memoir by Rev. George Madison 
Bodge, A.M., published in the Register, vol. xlvii, pp. 9-19. 
Register, vol. xlvii, p. 14. 



EDWIN DAWSON BUCKMAN 

Edwin Dawson Buckman, of Bristol, Pennsylvania, a Cor- 
responding Member from 1857, died May 22, 1891. 

Edwin Dawson Buckman was born in the state of Pennsyl- 
vania, June 2, 1823. He was a son of James and Mary Buck- 
man, and was descended from William Buckman, who came 
from England with William Penn in 1682. 

He married, March 22, 1848, Rebecca, daughter of James and 
Mary Lownes. 



JAMES COGSWELL CONVERSE 47 



JAMES COGSWELL CONVERSE 

James Cogswell Converse, of Abington, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1870, was born in Weatherfield, Ver- 
mont, September, 1806, and died in Greenfield, Massachusetts, 
May 24, 1891. 

He began his education with the intention of attending col- 
lege, but soon entered upon service in a store in Putney, Ver- 
mont, and subsequently came to Boston, where, for many years, 
he was senior member of the large jobbing house of Converse, 
Blanchard, and Company. During this period he was instru- 
mental in establishing the steamship line between Boston, 
Norfolk, and Baltimore; also the New Orleans line, and the cele- 
brated American Steamship Company. He was connected with 
the Boston Board of Trade, as director, and for a time as presi- 
dent, and he was the first chairman of the Board of Railroad 
Commissioners. He was president of the National Tube Works, 
and was a director of the Troy and Greenfield Railroad. His 
summer home was at Greenfield, where he was interested in 
stock raising. 



48 BENSON JOHN LOSSING 



BENSON JOHN LOSSING 

Benson John Lossing, of New York City, a Corresponding 
Member from 1851, and elected an Honorary Member in 1890, 
was born in Beekman, New York, February 12, 1813, and died in 
Dover Plains, New York, June 3, 1891. 

He attended school for a short time, and was apprenticed to a 
watch-maker in Poughkeepsie, with whom he afterwards went 
into partnership. In 1835 he became an owner and editor of 
the Poughkeepsie " Telegraph." In 1836 the concern began the 
publication of a periodical called "The Casket." He then 
learned the art of wood engraving in New York, and in 1838-40 
was editor and illustrator of the "Family Magazine." In part- 
nership with William Barritt, he conducted the largest wood 
engraving business in New York City, 1843-68. He conceived 
and executed "The Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution," 
published by Harper and Brothers (30 parts; 1850-52), visiting 
the historic localities, writing the text for the work, making 
the drawings on the wood, and doing much of the engraving. 

In 1868 he retired to a farm near Dover Plains, New York, and 
devoted himself to historical research. He was made an Honor- 
ary Member of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, 
in 1844. He received the honorary degree of A.M. from Hamil- 
ton College in 1856, and from Columbia in 1869, and that of 
LL.D. from the University of Michigan in 1872. 

Besides numerous illustrated contributions to American and 
foreign periodicals, chiefly on the history and legends of the Hud- 
son River, he compiled with Edwin Williams, "The Statesman's 
Manual," 1868; edited and annotated the "Diaries of Wash- 
ington," 1859; and "Recollections and Private Memoirs of 
Washington," by G. W. P. Custis, 1860; and was also the author 
of a large number of books, among the more important of which 



CHARLES BRECK 49 

were: "Outline History of the Fine Arts," 1841; "Lives of the 
Presidents of the United States," 1847; "Seventeen Hundred 
and Seventy-Six," 1847; Lives of "Zachary Taylor" and "Win- 
field Scott," 1847; "The New World," 1847; "Lives of the Sign- 
ers of the Declaration of Independence," 1848; "History of the 
United States," 1854; "Biographies of Eminent Americans," 
1855; "Mount Vernon," 1859; " Vassar College and its Founder," 
1867; "The Hudson River," 1867; "Pictorial Field-Book of the 
War of 1812," 1868; "Mary and Martha Washington," 1886; 
"Two Spies: Nathan Hale and John Andre," 1886; "The Em- 
pire State," 1887; and "Cyclopaedia of United States History," 
with 1,000 illustrations. 



CHARLES BRECK 

Charles Breck, of Wilmington, Delaware, a Corresponding 
Member from 1863, died June 12, 1891. 

Charles Breck was born in Philadelphia, August 19, 1816. 
He was the son of George and Catharine D. (Hewitt) Breck. 

He was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1835, 
and at the New York General Theological Seminary in 1838. 
He was ordained deacon, and appointed as a missionary to the 
counties of Tioga, Bradford, and Potter, in Pennsylvania. He 
was ordained priest in 1841, in St. Stephen's Church, Harrisburg. 
He removed to Delaware County, Pennsylvania, in 1845, and 
took charge of Calvary Church, Rockdale, and St. John's, 
Concord. In 1853 he removed to Wilmington, Delaware, and 
took charge of Trinity Parish. 

He married, in 1839, Jane Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel and 
Mary S. Goodwin. By this marriage there were two children, 
Daniel and Mary S. Breck. 



50 HANNIBAL HAMLIN 



EDWARD STEARNS 

Edward Stearns, of Lincoln, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1883, was born on Bunker Hill, Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, June 17, 1817, and died in Lincoln, June 20, 1891. 

He entered the insurance business as a clerk when seventeen 
years of age, and remained in that line of work fifty-seven years, 
gaining his early experience in several companies ; then starting 
in business for himself; and, since 1867, forming a member of the 
firm of Stearns Brothers. He was a prominent Mason, and was 
much interested in fraternal society work. He was also deeply 
interested in literature, especially in the English classics. He 
was a leading member of the Mercantile Library Association, and 
always retained his interest in the society. 

He was never married. 



HANNIBAL HAMLIN 

Hannibal Hamlin, a Corresponding Member, elected in 1847, 
was born on Paris Hill, Oxford County, Maine, August 27, 1809, 
and died in Bangor, Maine, July 4, 1891. 

He was Vice-President of the United States. 

For an obituary notice of Vice-President Hamlim, by Charles E. Hamlin. 
A.B., see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. xlviii-xlix. 



WILLIAM HENRY KENNARD 51 



WILLIAM HENRY KENNARD 

William Henry Kennard, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1887, was born in Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, and died in Boston, July 6, 1891. 

He was the son of 0. P. Kennard and brother of M. P. Ken- 
nard, who formed the business connection with Bigelow Brothers, 
namely, the firm of Bigelow, Kennard and Company in 1846. 
His great-grandfather was a sea-faring captain under Sir 
William Pepperell. 

He entered the house of Bigelow, Kennard and Company 
about 1855, having previously been a clerk in a jewelry store in 
Charlestown. At the time of his death he was the senior 
member. 

He was interested in the Mercantile Library Association, and 
had served as its president. He was also vice-president of the 
Penny Savings Bank, Past Master Columbia Lodge, F. and A.M., 
Past Eminent Commander of St. Bernard Commandery, K.T., 
and a member of the Masters' Association. He was prominent 
in the church of Rev. Dr. E. E. Hale. 

His wife died in 1890, and four children survived, the two 
oldest sons residing in Waukegan, Illinois, while the youngest 
son was in business with his father. One daughter married 
Judge Underwood, of New York. 



52 AUSTIN WELLS HOLDEN 



AUSTIN WELLS HOLDEN 

Austin Wells Holden, of Glens Falls, New York, a Corre- 
sponding Member from 1868, died July 19, 1891. 

Austin Wells Holden was born in White Creek, New York, 
May 16, 1819. He was the son of Jonas and Eliza (Holden) 
Holden. 

He was county superintendent of common schools for Warren 
County, New York, in 1845-46. He was graduated at the 
Albany Medical College in 1848. He was commissioned captain 
of Company F, in the Twenty-Second Regiment of New York 
Volunteers, in 1861. He was transferred to the medical staff, 
as assistant surgeon of the same regiment, in 1862, and was 
mustered out in 1863. He was appointed assistant surgeon in 
the United States Army in 1863, served in hospitals at Fred- 
erick and Cumberland, Maryland, and Troy, New York, until 
May, 1865, when he resigned, and returned to practice. 

He married, April 24, 1851, Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. 
Horatio Buell, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. There were 
two children, Horatio Buell and James Austin Holden. 



JOHN HAZLEHURST BONEVAL LATROBE 53 



LYMAN COPELAND DRAPER 

Lyman Copeland Draper, a Corresponding Member from 
1854, was born in Hamburg (now Evans), Erie County, New 
York, September 4, 1815, and died in Madison, Wisconsin, 
August 26, 1891. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Draper, by Rev. Charles Henry 
Pope, A.B., see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. xlix-1. 



JOHN HAZELHURST BONEVAL LATROBE 

John Hazlehurst Boneval Latrobe, of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, a Corresponding Member from 1864, was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, May 4, 1803, and died in Baltimore, 
September 11, 1891. 

He was a son of Benjamin Henry and Mary E. (Hazlehurst) 
Latrobe, and grandson of Rev. Benjamin Latrobe. His father 
was the architect of the Capitol at Washington, and of the Bank, 
at Philadelphia. 

He attended school in Washington, and Georgetown College, 
District of Columbia, and St. Mary's College, Baltimore. He 
took part of the course at the United States Military Academy at 
West Point, resigning in 1820, on account of his father's death. 
He studied law in the office of General Robert Goodloe Harper, in 
Baltimore, and practiced in that city, 1825-91. 

In 1828 he was engaged by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
Company to secure the right of way for the road from Point of 
Rocks to Williamsport, and he remained with the company as 
its counsel till his death. He was the sole survivor of the party 



54 JOHN HAZLEHURST BONEVAL LATROBE 

that accompanied Peter Cooper on the trip with the first locomo- 
tive used in the United States. When Samuel F. B. Morse was 
making Ms early experiments with his system of magnetic teleg- 
raphy, Mr. Latrobe was the first man in a place of influence to 
recognize the utility of the scheme. In 1842 he accompanied 
the sons of Ross Winans to Russia, to construct and equip a rail- 
road from St. Petersburg to Moscow. 

He was president of the Maryland Colonization Society, and 
on the death of Henry Clay, succeeded him as president of the 
national society. He became a founder of the Republic of 
Liberia, and prepared the first map of the region. He also in- 
duced the Maryland society to establish a Maryland colony at 
Cape Palmas. A form of government for the colony was pre- 
pared by him ; and after an independent successful existence of 
more than twenty years, the colony was merged with the Liber- 
ian Republic. 

He was president of the Board of Visitors of the United States 
Military Academy, and president of the Maryland Historical 
Society. With all his activity in legal, railroad, and public 
affairs, he found time to gratify a natural taste for invention, 
and to his genius is due the existence of the " Baltimore Heater." 
He was the originator of the park system of Baltimore, and was 
a founder or director of its leading financial and charitable 
institutions. 

He was also an accomplished artist and writer. Besides a 
series of juvenile books, 1826, four novelettes, and an address on 
"The Capitol and Washington at the Beginning of the Present 
Century," 1881, he published a "Biography of Charles Carroll, of 
Carrolton," 1824; "Justices' Practice," 1825; "Scott's Infantry 
and Rifle Tactics," 1828; "Picture of Baltimore," 1832; "His- 
tory of Mason and Dixon's Line," 1854; "Personal Recol- 
lections of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad," 1858; "Hints for 
Six Months in Europe," 1869; "Odds and Ends," a volume of 
poems, 1876; "History of Maryland in Liberia," 1885; and 
"Reminiscences of West Point" (in 1818-22), 1887. 



GEORGE BAILEY LORING 55 



GEORGE BAILEY LORING 

George Bailey Loring, of Salem, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1887, was born in North Andover, Massachusetts, 
November 8, 1817, and died in Salem, September 14, 1891. 

He was the son of the Rev. Bailey and Sally Pickman (Osgood) 
Loring, and she was the daughter of Hon. Isaac Osgood, of 
Andover. 

He attended Franklin Academy, and was graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1838. He studied medicine with Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, and was graduated at Harvard Medical 
School in 1842. He was surgeon of the Seventh Regiment of 
State Militia in 1842-44, and of the Chelsea Marine Hospital in 
1843-50. He was appointed commissioner to revise the United 
States Marine Hospital System in 1849. 

He removed to Salem in 1851, and was postmaster from 1853 
to 1857. While employed with these duties he began a practi- 
cal and scientific study of agriculture, established an experi- 
mental farm of 450 acres, and became widely known as a lecturer 
and authority on agriculture. He founded the New England 
Agricultural Society in 1864, and was its president from 1864 to 
1891. He was a representative in the State Legislature, 1866- 
67, and was president of the State Senate from 1873-76; a 
delegate to the Republican National Conventions, 1868, 1872, 
and 1876; Massachusetts Centennial Commissioner in 1872; a 
representative in the forty-fifth and forty-sixth Congresses, 
1875-79; United States Commissioner of Agriculture, 1881-85; 
and United States minister to Portugal, 1889-90. 

Besides numerous addresses, he published "The Relations of 
Agriculture to the State in Time of War," 1862; "Classical 
Culture," 1866; "Eulogy on Louis Agassiz," 1873; "The Farm- 
Yard Club of Jotham," 1876; "The Cobden Club and the 



56 JOHN WOOLDREDGE 

American Farmer," 1880; "Address to the Atlanta Cotton 
Convention," 1881; and "A Year in Portugal," 1891. 

He was twice married; first, in 1851, to Mary F. Pickman, who 
died in 1878, and secondly, in 1880, to Nina S. Hildreth. 

His line of descent from Thomas 1 Loring, of Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, was by Thomas 2 , Lieut. Thomas 3 , Nathaniel 4 , William 5 , 
and Rev. Bailey 6 , his father. 



JOHN WOOLDREDGE 

John Wooldredge, of Lynn, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1870, was born in Marblehead, Massachusetts, January 
23, 1823, and died in San Francisco, California, October 7, 1891. 

He learned the shoemaker's trade and came to Lynn when a 
young man, and went into manufacturing on his own account. 
He associated himself with George E. Bartlett, and the partner- 
ship continued for twenty-five years. 

In 1852 he saw in the old Singer patent a revolution in the art 
of shoemaking, and he was the first to put in the sewing-machine 
and manufacture machine-stitched shoes. In 1858 he also led in 
the introduction of steam power into a shoe factory. He early 
saw the future possibilities of the Eastern Railroad as the short 
line from Boston to Portland, and subsequently became its presi- 
dent. For many years he was president of the First National 
Bank, of Lynn, and took an interest in the Old Market House 
Company, which gave to Lynn its Music Hall. He invested 
generously, at one time, in real estate in Lynn, and took an active 
part in the laying out and extension of Central Avenue. 

The Wooldredge Cadets, Company I, Eighth Regiment, took 
their name from him, in appreciation of his patriotic contribution 
to aid in the sending of one of Lynn's companies of volunteer 
soldiers to the front. 

He met with a succession of reverses after his withdrawal from 



THOMAS HILL 57 

the Eastern Railroad. He was then the owner of one of the 
loveliest estates in Lynn, and he was subsequently obliged to 
give it up. He passed a number of years in Europe, and on re- 
turning, went to California, where he settled upon a ranch in 
San Diego. 
He was twice married. Two sons survived him. 



WILLIAM COLEMAN FOLGER 

William Coleman Folger, of Nantucket, a Corresponding 
Member from 1851, died November 10, 1891. 



THOMAS HILL 

Thomas Hill, an Honorary Member, elected in 1862, was born 
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, January 7, 1818, and died in 
Waltham, Massachusetts, November 21, 1891. 

He was the son of Thomas and Henrietta (Barker) Hill, and 
grandson of Samuel Hill. 

He was left an orphan when very young, and when he was 
twelve years old, he was apprenticed to a printer for three years. 
He then attended Lower Dublin Academy, near Philadelphia, 
for one year, and was next apprenticed to a New Brunswick 
apothecary. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1843, at 
the Divinity School in 1845, and received the degree of A.M. in 
1846. He became pastor of a Unitarian church in Waltham in 
1845, where he remained fourteen years. In 1859 he was presi- 
dent of Antioch College, Ohio, and was, at the same time, in 
charge of the Church of the Redeemer, at Cincinnati. In 1862 



58 THOMAS HILL 

he was made president of Harvard College. He resigned in 
1868, and removed to Waltham. In 1871 he accompanied 
Louis Agassiz on his coast survey expedition to South America, 
and on his return, accepted the charge of the Unitarian Church, 
at Portland, Maine, and held that position until his death. 

While president of Harvard, he advocated the elective system. 
He was a noted mathematician, and among several mathematical 
machines that he invented was the occultator, by which occul- 
tations visible west of the Mississippi were calculated for publi- 
cation in the American Nautical Almanac for several years. He 
received the degree of D.D. from Harvard in 1860, and LL.D. 
from Yale in 1863. 

He delivered Phi Beta Kappa addresses at Harvard on " Lib- 
eral Education," 1858, and at Antioch on "The Opportunities of 
Life," 1860. He was the author of "Christmas and Poems on 
Slavery," 1843; "Arithmetic," 1845; "Geometry and Faith," 
1849; "Curvature," 1850; "First Lessons in Geometry," 1854; 
"Second Book in Geometry," 1862; "Jesus, the Interpreter of 
Nature, and Other Sermons," 1859;" Statement of the Natural 
Sources of Theology," 1877; "In the Woods and Elsewhere," 
1888. 

He was married, in 1845, to Anne Foster, daughter of Josiah 
and Mary (Sparhawk) Bellows, of Walpole, New Hampshire. 



WILLIAM WARLAND CLAPP 59 



WILLIAM WARLAND CLAPP 

William Warland Clapp, a Life Member, elected in 1859, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, April 11, 1826, and died 
December 8, 1891. 

The "Clapp Memorial" shows his line to be this: Thomas 1 , 
Samuel 2 , David 3 , Joshua 4 , Bela 5 , and William W. 6 , and Hannah 
W. (Lane) Clapp. His father was a practical printer in Boston, 
where, in 1813, he issued proposals for the publication of the 
" Boston Daily Advertiser," the first daily paper in the city, 
which he started and sold subsequently to Nathan Hale. He 
was also proprietor of the " Saturday Evening Gazette" for 
thirty years. 

William W. 7 Clapp resided abroad two years, completing his 
education, and became, in 1849, sole proprietor of the "Saturday 
Evening Gazette," which he sold in 1865, when he purchased an 
interest in the " Boston Journal," and became one of its manag- 
ing editors. He held several positions in the militia, serving on 
the staff of Governor Andrew. He was a member of the Common 
Council, Board of Aldermen, and the State Senate. In 1850 he 
wrote a work, entitled, "A Record of the Boston Stage." 

He married, September 30, 1850, Caroline, daughter of George 
Dennie. They had a son and two daughters. 



60 GEORGE LUCIEN DAVIS 



ALFRED HUBBARD BATCHELLER 

Alfred Hubbard Batcheller, of Boston, Massachusetts, 
a Life Member, elected in 1870, was born in North Brookfield, 
July 23, 1830, and died December 22, 1891. 

He was the son of Ezra and Relutia (Parks) Batcheller. His 
line ran from Joseph 1 Batcheller, of Wenham, Massachusetts, 
through John 2 , David 3 , Abraham 4 , Ezra 5 , and Ezra 6 Batcheller, 
his father. 

He was a boot and shoe manufacturer, and head of the firm 
of E. and A. H. Batcheller and Company. 

He married, June 18, 1857, Emeline Walker, daughter of 
Amasa and Hannah (Ambrose) Walker. There were six chil- 
dren: Francis, Alice, Robert, Alfred, Helen, and Edith. 



GEORGE LUCIEN DAVIS 

George Lucien Davis, of North Andover, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1875, was born in Oxford, Massachu- 
setts, June 17, 1816, and died in North Andover, December 23, 
1891. 

He was the son of Jonathan and Betsy (Gilbert) Davis. He 
was descended from William Davis, of Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
through John 2 , Samuel 3 , Edward 4 , Jonathan 5 , and Jonathan 6 , 
his father. 

His boyhood was spent upon a farm. He was educated in the 
common schools, and enjoyed for a short time the privilege of a 
select school. When eighteen years of age he taught the village 
school in Sutton, Massachusetts. Deciding on a business career, 



GEORGE LUCIEN DAVIS 61 

he left home, with his parents' consent, for Andover, Massachu- 
setts, where he went to work, in 1835, for a firm of machinery 
builders, known by the name of Barnes, Gilbert, and Richardson. 
In 1836 the firm removed their business to North Andover. In 
1841 he became the junior member of the succeeding firm of 
Gilbert, Gleason, and Davis. This firm was dissolved in 1851, 
and was succeeded by the firm of Davis and Furber, which con- 
tinued the business of building wool machinery at the same 
place. 

Mr. Charles Furber, the partner, died in 1857, but the firm was 
continued under the old name, with a series of partners, until 
1882, when the Davis and Furber Machine Company was formed, 
This company employed a large number of men, and has contrib- 
uted much to the prosperity of North Andover, where Mr. 
Davis was a widely influential man. He was also for about 
twenty years president of the Bay State National Bank, of Law- 
rence, Massachusetts. He also served in the State Senate in the 
years 1859-60, and 1875-76. 

He married, October 27, 1841, Harriet K. Roberts, of Andover, 
by whom he had twelve children. 

The above sketch is prepared from a more extended one in Hurd'e 
"History of Essex County, Massachusetts," pp. 1693-1694. 



62 JEREMIAH COLBURN 



JEREMIAH COLBURN 

Jeremiah Colburn, a Life Member, elected in 1857, was born 
in Boston, January 12, 1815, and died there, December 30, 1891. 

His father was Calvin Colburn, whose father was Nathan. 
The family belonged in Leominster, Massachusetts. His mother 
was Catherine Sybil (Lakin) Colburn, and she was the daughter 
of Isaac and Mary (Lawrence) Lakin, of Groton, Massachusetts. 

He received his education at the public schools of Boston, 
and among the schools which he attended were the Bowdoin in 
Derne Street and the Mayhew in Hawkins Street. 

He became a clerk in the store of Seth J. Thomas, a dealer in 
hats. In 1840 Mr. Thomas gave up this business to engage in 
other pursuits, and Mr. Colburn succeeded him. He carried on 
the business for twelve years. In 1853 he was appointed an 
appraiser in the Boston Custom House. He retired from this 
office in 1861. After this time he engaged in no regular business, 
but devoted himself to literary and antiquarian pursuits. 

At an early age he had developed a taste for collecting coins, 
minerals, and shells, and this taste was extended later to books, 
autographs, manuscripts, portraits, and engravings relating to 
America, including colonial and continental money, and paper 
tokens. He also began a collection of bank notes, including 
those of broken banks and the counterfeit bills of the period, it 
being the belief that the day would come when paper money 
would be among the things of the past, or at least of great rarity. 

His collection of coins and medals in 1863, after spending a 
third of a century in gathering it, had become extensive and 
valuable, and in that year he disposed of a large portion of it. 

His library of historical books and pamphlets relating to 
America was large, but his collection of autographs and prints was 
more remarkable. It was especially rich in American specimens. 






JEREMIAH COLBUEN 63 

Mr. Colburn thus became an expert in the subject of his 
studies, and his opinion was sought as to values. As he made no 
pretense to knowledge which he did not possess, his opinion 
could be relied upon. 

He was one of the founders of the Boston Numismatic Society, 
and in 1865 its president. He held this office over a quarter of 
a century, till his death. 

He was also one of a committee to assume the publication of 
the " American Journal of Numismatics." This committee con- 
tinued the publication for twenty-one years, from 1870 to 1891. 

He was a contributor to the "Historical Magazine," estab- 
lished in 1857, and also to the Register, for more than a quarter 
of a century. He served in this Society on the finance committee 
from 1859 to 1862, and on the library committee from 1862 to 
1877, and on the committee on publication from 1874 to 1889. 
He was chairman of the committees on finance and the library. 
For twenty-seven years, from 1862 to 1889, he was a member of 
the Board of Directors. He was a member of the Register 
Club from 1865 to 1874. 

He began, in 1866, to compile a catalogue of works on the 
local history of Massachusetts, which was published first in the 
Register, and later as a book, with the title of "Bibliography 
of the Local History of Massachusetts." He attempted the prep- 
aration of a new and enlarged edition of the work, but did not 
complete it. 

He was a founder of the Prince Society, and one of its vice- 
presidents, and for ten years its treasurer. He superintended 
the publication of the second volume of its series, namely, 
Wood's "New England Prospect." 

He was also one of those who met to form the "Boston Anti- 
quarian Club," later existing under the name of the "Bostonian 
Society." He was a member of several historical and numis- 
matical societies, and was a "foreign associate" of the Royal 
Belgian Numismatic Society. 

In 1869 AYilliams College conferred on him the degree of 
Master of Arts. 



64 JEREMIAH COLBURN 

In politics he was a firm and zealous believer in the principles 
of the Jacksonian Democracy, but he was never a bigoted par- 
tizan, and many of his political opponents were his personal 
friends. 

He was a keen observer of men and manners, and his recollec- 
tions of Boston of former days were extremely vivid. He could 
describe the celebrities with rare skill, and place them, and their 
peculiarities, distinctly before your eyes. 

Mr. Thomas, who knew him from his boyhood to his death, 
said of him: "The biography of Jeremiah Colburn may be 
written in a few words, yet much good may be said of him. He 
had no place with the conspicuous. He did not travel much; 
but he early sought wisdom and found it right here at home. He 
was honest in the bone. In act and speech he was sincere. His 
nature was kindly. With his other getting he got understanding. 
His insight was clear. He saw virtue in riches honestly acquired, 
and he got rich honestly. He cared for his widowed mother and 
his younger and dependent brother, and they called him blessed. 
He lived frugally and soberly. He saved a part of what he 
earned. He was careful in his investments. . . . His home was 
beautiful, his grounds charming, and his house a pattern of ele- 
gance and refinement. If one asked, How is it that one with so 
small an income became rich? the answer was : He saved every 
year a part of what he earned." 

Dr. Samuel A. Green, whose acquaintance with him lasted 
nearly fifty years, said, "I was considerably his junior in age, 
but I remember well the kindly interest he took at that time in 
my boyish tastes. He was a born "collector" and a true anti- 
quary. He did not gather his treasures and then hoard them, 
but always tried to place them where they would be appreciated, 
and where they naturally and rightfully belonged." 

He married, April 30, 1846, Eliza Ann, daughter of John 
Blackman, of Dorchester, Massachusetts. They had one son,who 
died in infancy. Mrs. Colburn survived her husband's decease. 

The above sketch is prepared from a memoir by John Ward Dean, A.M., 
published in the Register, vol. xlvii, pp. 425-433. 



WILLIAM WILDER WHEILDON 65 



WILLIAM WILDER WHEILDON 

William Wilder Wheildon, a Resident Member from 1870, 
was born in Boston, October 17, 1800, and died in Concord, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 7, 1892. 

In 1825 he became a legislative reporter on the " Boston 
Statesman," and in 1827 established the " Bunker Hill 
Aurora/' in Charlestown, which he published for forty-four 
years. In 1828-29 he studied law, but he never sought admis- 
sion to the Bar, and in 1846 removed to Concord. 

His publications include: " Curiosities of History;" "Siege 
and Evacuation of Boston and Charlestown, with a Brief 
Account of Pre-Revolutionary Buildings;" " Sentry or Beacon 
Hill, its Beacon and Monument;" "Paul Revere's Signal 
Lanterns;" and a "New History of the Battle of Bunker Hill," 
in which he undertook to correct several alleged errors in 
Frothingham's and Lewis's accounts. 

He married Juliet Rebecca Gleason, daughter of Benjamin 
and Rebecca Wilder Gleason. 



66 JOHN GEORGE METCALF 



JOHN GEORGE METCALF 

John George Metcalf, of Mendon, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1852, was born in Franklin, Massachusetts, 
September 10, 1801, and died in Mendon, January 12, 1892. 

He was graduated at Brown University in 1820, and at the 
Harvard Medical School in 1826. He was the oldest surviving 
graduate at the time of his death. 

He was a member of the Thurber Medical Society, of Milford, 
the American Antiquarian Society, of Worcester, and the 
Worcester and Massachusetts Medical societies, and was the 
author of the "Annals of Mendon," published in 1880. He 
had held some town offices over sixty years, being treasurer 
twenty-five years, and a member of the School Committee forty 
years. He was a State Senator in 1858 and 1859. 

He left three adult children. 



CALVIN TILDEN PHILLIPS 67 



CALVIN TILDEN PHILLIPS 

Calvin Tilden Phillips, of Hanover, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1880, died January 15, 1892. 

Calvin Tilden Phillips was born in Hanson, Massachusetts, 
March 3, 1836. He was the son of Ezra and Catherine Hitchcock 

(Tilden) Phillips. He was descended from \ of Plymouth, 

through Thomas 2 , of Duxbury, Blaney 3 , of Pembroke,- Lot 4 , 
Ezra 5 , and Ezra 6 Phillips, his father. 

He was educated at the common schools in Hanson, with the 
exception of attending a few terms at a private high school kept 
by Benjamin F. Willard, and at Hanover Academy. He taught 
school one winter in Hanover, and then went into the office of 
E. Y. Perry and Company, tack manufacturers, where he re- 
mained until he went to the Legislature in 1873. In 1874 Mr. 
Perry retired from the business, and a new firm was formed, 
consisting of his father, brother, and himself (E. Phillips and 
Sons). He was clerk of the Hanover Branch Railroad from its 
organization. 

He married, October 31, 1865, Maria Evelyn, daughter of 
Algernon Josselyn, of Hanson. 



68 GEORGE HENRY SNELLING 



BENJAMIN SCOTT 

Benjamin Scott, of London, England, a Corresponding 
Member from 1867, died in London, January 17, 1892, aged 
seventy-four. 

He was fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and cham- 
berlain of London. He was the son of B. W. Scott, once chief 
clerk to the chamberlain. 



GEORGE HENRY SNELLING 

George Henry Snelling, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1877, was born October 16, 1801, and died in 
Newport, Rhode Island, January 18, 1892. 

He was the second oldest surviving graduate of Harvard 
College. 

He entered the Boston Public Latin School in 1810-11, and 
was graduated at Harvard in 1819. He obtained an honorary 
degree of A.B. from Yale in the same year he left Harvard. He 
then practiced law. 

He was unmarried. 



THOMAS RICHER LAMBERT 69 



ADDISON KINGSBURY 

Addison Kingsbury, of Putnam, Ohio, a Corresponding 
Member from 1855, died January 25, 1892. 



THOMAS RICKER LAMBERT 

Thomas Ricker Lambert, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1865, was born in South Berwick, Maine, 
July 2, 1809, and died February 4, 1892. 

He was of the seventh generation in descent from Francis 1 
Lambert, an early settler of Rowley, Massachusetts; through 
Thomas 2 , Thomas 3 , Thomas 4 , Thomas 5 , and William 6 , his father, 
whose wife was Abigail, daughter of Captain Ebenezer Ricker, 
of Rollinsford, New Hampshire. 

He studied at the South Berwick and Exeter academies, in- 
tending to enter Dartmouth College, but receiving an appoint- 
ment as a cadet in the United States Military Academy at West 
Point, he exchanged his intended collegiate course for a military 
education. Ill health compelled him to resign his cadetship. He 
then began the study of law in the office of the Hon. Levi Wood- 
bury, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and remained with him 
till the spring of 1831. He finished his studies in the office of the 
Hon. Ichabod Bartlett, and was admitted to the Bar in 1832, 
and began practicing in Great Falls, New Hampshire. 

After practicing for a short time, he studied theology with the 
Rev. G. W. Olney, of Maine, and became a candidate for orders 
in the Episcopal Church. In 1834 he was appointed chaplain 



70 THOMAS RICKER LAMBERT 

in the Navy, and in 1836 he was ordained by the Right Rev. 
Alexander Griswold. 

After his appointment in the Navy, he made many voyages 
in government vessels, and saw much of the world. He served 
under Commodores Wadsworth and Rousseau, and Captain Wil- 
kinson, in the frigates " Brandy wine," " Constitution," and 
" Columbia." During one of his vacations he instituted the parish 
of St. Thomas, at Dover, New Hampshire. 

In a later, and longer, leave of absence he officiated as rector 
of Grace Church, New Bedford, Massachusetts, for about four 
years. In 1845 he resumed his chaplaincy in the Navy, serving 
at the Navy Yard, in Charlestown. After ten years of service he 
resigned the chaplaincy, and became rector of St. John's Church, 
in the same city. Here he officiated for twenty-eight years, 
resigning the rectorship in 1884. 

He received *the honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1845, 
from Brown University, and from Trinity College in 1852. The 
degree of Doctor of Sacred Theology was conferred upon him, in 
1863, by Columbia College. 

He delivered a Fourth of July oration at Great Falls in 1833; 
an address before the Seaman's Widow and Orphan Society at 
Salem in 1842; and another before the New Bedford Port 
Society in 1843. He also delivered several lyceum lectures. 

His principal published discourses have been two on the Civil 
War of 1861-65; one on his decade as rector of St. John's Church; 
and another on the death of his senior warden, Peter Hubbell. 

He married, in 1855, Mrs. Jane Standish Colby, daughter of 
Hon. John Avery Parker, and widow of the Hon. Harrison G. 0. 
Colby, of New Bedford. She died some years before her hus- 
band's death. They had a son, William Thomas Lambert. 

This sketch is prepared from a memoir in the Register, vol. xlvii, 
pp. 293-296. 



LEWIS HENRY STEINER 71 



LEWIS HENRY STEINER 

Lewis Henry Steiner, a Corresponding Member from 1884, 
was born in Frederick City, Maryland, May 4, 1827, and died in 
Baltimore, February 18, 1892. 

He was a son of Christian and Rebecca (Weltzheimer) Steiner, 
grandson of Henry and Elizabeth (Brengle) Steiner, and a de- 
scendant of Jacob Steiner, who came to Frederick about 1730. 

He attended Frederick Academy, was graduated at Marshall 
College in 1846, and at the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania in 1849, and settled in Baltimore in 1852. 

Between 1852 and 1861 he held the chairs of Chemistry and 
Natural History in Columbia College, of Chemistry and Phar- 
macy in the National Medical College, Washington, District of 
Columbia, and was lecturer on Applied Chemistry and Natural 
Philosophy in the College of St. James. 

He was an active Unionist at the beginning of the Civil War. 
He assisted in raising troops, and was chief medical inspector 
of the United States Sanitary Commission in the Army of the 
Potomac till the close of the war. The abolition of slavery 
opened to him a new field of labor, and he interested himself in 
the establishment of schools for colored children throughout 
Maryland. 

In 1871, 1875, and 1879, he was elected a State Senator, in 
1876 was a delegate to the National Republican Convention, and 
in 1882, on the establishment of the Pratt Free Library, in Balti- 
more, he was selected for librarian, which office he held until his 
death. 

He was for many years connected with the management of the 
" American Medical Monthly;" he contributed frequently to the 
Mercer sburg "Quarterly Review,' ' " Southern Quarterly," and 
other periodicals. His publications, besides special reports, in- 



72 GEORGE BEATSON BLENKIN 

elude "Physical Science," 1851; "The Marvelous in Modern 
Thought;" and "Abraham Lincoln," an address. 

He received the honorary degrees: A.M., from College of St. 
James, 1854, and from Yale, 1869; LL.D., Delaware College, 
1884, and Litt.D., from Franklin and Marshall College, 1887. 
He served as a trustee of the latter institution from 1869 to 1883. 

He was married, October 30, 1866, to Sarah Spencer, daughter 
of Ralph Dunning and Rachel Stone (Seward) Smyth, of Guil- 
ford, Connecticut. Their son, Bernard Christian Steiner, suc- 
ceeded his father as librarian of the Pratt Free Library, at 
Baltimore. 



GEORGE BEATSON BLENKIN 

George Beatson Blenkin, of Boston, Lincoln, England, a 
Corresponding Member from 1874, died February 21, 1892. 

George Beatson Blenkin was born in Kingston-upon-Hull, 
England, March 4, 1822. He was the son of George and Mary 
(Beatson) Blenkin. 

He was educated at Beverly Grammar School, and was gradu- 
ated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, in 1845, and received 
the degree of M.A. in 1848. 

He was inducted to the Vicarage of Boston in 1850, and was 
installed prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral in 1858. He was 
appointed rural dean of North Holland, Lincolnshire. 

He published sermons, " Historical Notices of Boston," and 
Poems and Translations. 

He married, July 18, 1855, Maria Swan, daughter of the Rev. 
Francis Swan, B.D., prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral. By this 
marriage there were four children: Maria Charlotte, George Wil- 
frid, Emily Susan, and Grace Isabella Blenkin. 



JOHN DAWSON GILMARY SHEA 73 



JOHN DAWSON GILMARY SHEA 

John Dawson Gilmary Shea, a Corresponding Member from 
1859, and elected an Honorary Member in 1890, was born in New 
York City, July 2, 1824, and died in Elizabeth, New Jersey, 
February 22, 1892. 

He was the son of James and (Upsall) Shea. 

After attending the Columbia Grammar School, he took a 
clerkship with a Spanish merchant in New York City, where he 
mastered the Spanish, French, Italian, and German languages. 
He was admitted to the Bar in 1846, and after practicing two 
years, determined to enter the order of the Jesuits. He was a 
student at St. John's College, Fordham, New York, from 1848 to 
1854, and afterwards devoted himself to literary work, serving 
as editor of the " Historical Magazine" from 1859 to 1865; of 
the " Catholic News," 1887-92; and as an associate and chief 
editor in Frank Leslie's publishing house, up to the time of his 
death. 

He was a charter member and first president of the United 
States Catholic Historical Society. The honorary degree of LL.D. 
was conferred on him by the College of St. Francis Xavier, New 
York, by St. John's College, Fordham, and by Georgetown Col- 
lege, and he received an honorary medal from the University of 
Notre Dame, Indiana, in 1883. 

His publications include: "The Discovery and Exploration of 
the Mississippi Valley," 1853; "History of the French and Span- 
ish Missions among the Indian Tribes of the United States," 
1854; "Early Voyages up and down the Mississippi," 1862; 
"Novum Belgium: An Account of New Netherland in 1643 
and 1644," 1862; "The Operations of the French Fleet under 
Count de Grasse," 1864; a translation of Charlevoix's "History 
and General Description of New France" (6 vols.), 1866-72; 



74 ROBERT MORRIS BAILEY 

Hennepin's "Description of Louisiana ;" Le Clercq's "Estab- 
lishment of the Faith;" Penalosa's "Expedition to Quivera;" 
editions of the Cramoisy series of "Relations" and documents, 
in French, bearing on the early history of the French-American 
colonies (24 vols., 1857-68); "Washington's Private Diary," 
1861; Colden's "History of the Five Indian Nations," 1727, 
edition, 1866; and Alsop's "Maryland," 1869; "The Catholic 
Church in Colonial Days," 1883; "The Story of a Great Nation," 
and "Life of Father Isaac Jogues," 1885; "The Hierarchy of the 
Catholic Church in the United States," 1886; "Life and Times 
of Archbishop Carroll," 1888; find three volumes out of five pro- 
jected on "The History of the Catholic Church in the United 
States." 



ROBERT MORRIS BAILEY 

Robert Morris Bailey, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1868, was born in a small town in Pennsyl- 
vania, and died in Boston, March 5, 1892. 

Mr. Bailey, whose home was in Dedham, died at the Hotel 
Berkeley in Boston. 

He was long associated with the woolen interests in Boston. 
He was connected with the financial management of the Hookset 
Manufacturing Company, of Hookset, New Hampshire. He twice 
built the Arlington Mills of Lawrence. He was also president 
of the Turner-Beard Brake Company. 

He left a widow and one son, who was treasurer of the Hook- 
set Mills. 



WALDO ADAMS 75 



WALDO ADAMS 

Waldo Adams, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident Member 
from 1875, was born in Boston, in May, 1836, and died in Boston, 
March 9, 1892. 

He was the son of Alvin Adams, of the Adams Express 
Company. 

He was educated at the Brimmer and Quincy schools, and 
afterward attended a private school on Decatur Street. He left 
school at an early age and went on a voyage to France. He soon 
returned, and immediately started for Australia on business for 
the company, which then had a banking business there. On his 
return from Australia he went at once into the office of his 
father, whose express business had become a prosperous one. He 
was first office boy, and later on he kept the driver's accounts 
and drove a team himself. His rise was gradual, but steady. 
After a time he was made superintendent, and in 1888 he took 
the position of manager for New England, which position he 
held at the time of his death. 

During the Civil War he made up a special train on the 
Boston and Worcester Road to carry all the freight to the sol- 
diers, going himself in charge of the train. He was lieutenant- 
colonel on the staff of Governor Andrew, and was appointed 
assistant quartermaster-general. One of his chief characteris- 
tics was a desire to do good and help the poor in an unostenta- 
tious way. The annual Thanksgiving dinners to the poor at 
Faneuil Hall were given partly as a result of his generosity. 

He married, in 1857, 1. H. Burnham, daughter of Walker Burn- 
ham, who survived him. 



76 EDWARD AUGUSTUS FREEMAN 



EDWARD AUGUSTUS FREEMAN 

Edward Augustus Freeman, of Wells, Somerset, England, a 
Corresponding Member from 1885, and elected an Honorary 
Member in 1890, was born in Harborne, a suburb of Birming- 
ham, in 1823, and died in Alicante, Spain, March 16, 1892. 

He was the only son of John Freeman, of Pedmore Hall, 
Worcestershire, but both his parents having died when he 
was quite young, he was brought up by his grandmother, in 
Northamptonshire. 

He was educated at a small private school at Ewell, in Surrey, 
and was graduated at Trinity College, Oxford, in 1845, remaining 
there as a fellow until 1847. He was examiner in the School of 
Law and Modern History at Oxford, 1857 and 1858, 1863 and 
1864, and in the School of Modern History, 1873. In 1884 he 
succeeded Dr. Stubbs in the regius professorship of Modern 
History at Oxford, and was elected fellow of Oriel College. He 
resided for many years at Somerleaze, Somersetshire. 

He contributed for a number of years to the " Saturday 
Review," and wrote extensively for the leading periodicals on 
political as well as historical and archeological topics. He was 
a member of learned societies in different parts of the world, and 
was decorated by the governments of Greece, Servia, and Mon- 
tenegro, in recognition of his sympathy with the cause of inde- 
pendent nationality in those provinces. In 1883 he visited the 
United States on a lecturing tour. He was joint editor, with 
Rev. William Hunt, of "Historic Towns." 

His death occurred while he was traveling in Spain, for the 
purposes of recreation and research. 

His greatest work was "The History of the Norman Conquest 
of England: Its Causes and Results," the first volume of which 



WILLIAM EVARTS FIELD 77 

appeared in 1867, and the sixth, and last, in 1879. His other 
published works were "The History and Conquests of the Sara- 
cens," 1856; " History of Federal Government, from the Forma- 
tion of the Archaean League to the Disruption of the United 
States," 1863; " Old English History for Children," 1869; " His- 
tory of the Cathedral Church of Wells," 1870; " General Sketch of 
European History," 1872; "Growth of the English Constitution, 
from the Earliest Times," 1872; "The Unity of History," 1872; 
"Disestablishment and Disendowment : What are They?" 1874; 
"The Turks in Europe," 1877; "How the Study of History is Let 
and Hindered," 1879; "Sketches from the Subject and Neigh- 
bor Lands of Venice," 1881; "An Introduction to American In- 
stitutional History," 1882; "Lectures to American Audiences," 
1882; "English Towns and Districts," 1883; "The Office of the 
Historical Professor," 1886; "The Chief Periods of European 
History," 1887. 
He was married in 1847. 



WILLIAM EVARTS FIELD 

William Evarts Field, of Newton, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1883, was born in Arlington, Massachusetts, 
May 29, 1848, and died at sea, March 19, 1892. 

He was the son of John and Sarah A. (Baldwin) Field. His 
line was John 1 , Robert 2 , William 3 , William 4 , John 5 , John 8 , John 7 , 
John 8 , and William E. 9 His mother was the second wife of his 
father. 

Mr. Field died on board the "Teutonic," while on his way to 
Europe. 

He was a member of the leather firm of Allen, Field, and Law- 
ence. He was a man of literary tastes, and had been a great 
raveler. He had a very fine library, containing a valuable col- 



78 SAMUEL BICKERTON HARMAN 

lection of rare works and many art souvenirs, which he had 
collected abroad. He was a member of the "Club of Odd Vol- 
umes," a Boston organization. 

A widow and three children survived him. 



FREDERICK AUGUSTUS FARLEY 

Frederick Augustus Farley, of Brooklyn, New York, a 
Corresponding Member from 1859, was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 25, 1800, and died in Brooklyn, New York, 
March 24, 1892. 

He was graduated from Harvard in 1818, and was at the time 
of his death the oldest living alumnus of the institution. In 
1821 he was admitted to the Bar, and after practicing for sev- 
eral years, he was graduated at Cambridge Divinity School in 
1827. He was ordained pastor of a new Unitarian Church in 
Providence, Rhode Island, where he preached until 1841. He 
then began ministering to the Second Unitarian Church in Brook- 
lyn, with which he remained for nineteen years. He then re- 
signed his charge, and was chosen pastor-emeritus. 



SAMUEL BICKERTON HARMAN 

Samuel Bickerton Harm an, a Corresponding Member, 

elected in 1852, was born in Brompton, England, December 20, 

1819, and died in Toronto, Canada, March 26, 1892. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Harman, by Rev. George M. Adams, D.D. 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., p. 1. 



CHARLES DANIEL DRAKE 79 



ELIHU OLIVER LYMAN 

Elihu Oliver Lyman, a Corresponding Member, elected in 
1868, was born in Norwich, now Huntington, Massachusetts, 
June 12, 1817, and died in Chester, Ohio, March 27, 1892. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Lyman, by Rev. Ezra H. Byington, D.D., 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., p. li. 



CHARLES DANIEL DRAKE 

Charles Daniel Drake, a Corresponding Member from 1882, 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 11, 1811, and died in Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, April 1, 1892. 

He studied at St. Joseph's College, Kentucky, and at Par- 
tridge's Military Academy, in Connecticut. In 1827 he was 
appointed a midshipman in the United States Navy, where he 
served three years, beginning the study of law while so em- 
ployed. He was admitted to the Bar in Cincinnati in 1833; 
practiced in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1834-47; in Cincinnati, 
1847-50, and then returned to St. Louis. 

In 1859 he was elected to the Legislature, where he subse- 
quently opposed the Secession movement ; in 1863 he was a mem- 
ber of the State Convention, and in 1864 vice-president of the 
State Constitutional Convention. He was elected a United 
States Senator in 1867, but resigned his seat in 1870, on being 
appointed chief justice of the United States Court of Claims, 
which office he held until 1885. 

He was a conspicuous member of the Presbyterian Church in 
the West, was a member of the General Assembly (0. S.), 1869, 
served on the Committee of Conference on Reunion, and was 



80 ARTEMAS BOWERS MUZZEY 

chairman of the committee by which the long-standing contro- 
versy regarding the Theological Seminary in the Northwest was 
settled. 

In 1854 he published "A Treatise on the Law of Suits by 
Attachment in the United States/ ' and in 1880 presented a 
paper on " Christianity, the Friend of the Working Classes," 
before the Second General Council of the Presbyterian Alliance. 



ARTEMAS BOWERS MUZZEY 

Artemas Bowers Muzzey, a Resident Member from 1875, 
was born in Lexington, Massachusetts, September 21, 1802, and 
died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 21, 1892. 

He was son of Amos and Lydia (Boutelle) Muzzey; his line 
ran from Benjamin 1 Muzzey, through Benjamin 2 , Amos 3 , Amos 4 , 
and Amos 5 Muzzey. 

He was graduated at Harvard in 1824 ; received the degree of 
A.M. in 1827, and was graduated from the Harvard Divinity 
School in 1828. He was ordained as pastor of the Unitarian 
Church at Framingham, Massachusetts, in 1830, but resigned 
his pastorate three years later. He was pastor of the Unitarian 
churches in Cambridgeport for a number of years, and in 1854 
became pastor of the Unitarian Church, in Concord, New Hamp- 
shire. From 1857 to 1865 he was in charge of the Unitarian 
church at Newbury port. He then resided in Cambridge, but 
supplied the pulpit of the Unitarian church at Chestnut Hill, 
Brookline, for ten or twelve years. He was an overseer at Har- 
vard, 1860 to 1866; a member of the State Board of Education, 
and received the degree of D.D. from Tufts in 1890. 

He published over two hundred books, sermons, and essays, 
among which were the following: "The Young Man's Friend," 
1836; " Sunday-School Guide," 1837; "Moral Teacher," 1839; 
"The Young Maiden," 1840; "Man a Soul," 1842; "The Fire- 



ARTEMAS BOWERS MUZZEY 81 

Side: An Aid to Parents," 1849; "Sabbath-School Hymn and 
Tune Book," 1855; "Christ in the Will, the Heart, and the Life," 
1861; "The Blade and the Ear: Thoughts for a Young Man," 
1864; "The Value of the Study of Intellectual Philosophy to the 
Minister," 1869; "Leaves from an Autobiography," 1870-72; 
"The Higher Education," 1871; "Personal Recollections of Rev. 
Dr. Channing," 1874-75; "Immortality in the Light of Scripture 
and Science," 1876; "Personal Recollections of Men in the Bat- 
tle of Lexington," 1877; "Truths Consequent upon Belief in a 
God," 1879; "Prime Movers of the Revolution known to the 
Writer," and "Education of Old Age," 1884. 

He was twice married; first, June 26, 1831, to Hepsabeth, 
daughter of Enoch Patterson, of Boston; and secondly, to Lucy 
J. Moseley, of Newbury port, who died a few months before her 
husband. Henry W. Muzzey, his eldest son, read law and prac- 
ticed in Boston. 



82 GEORGE HENRY MOORE 



GEORGE HENRY MOORE 

George Henry Moore, a Corresponding Member from 1855 
and elected an Honorary Member in 1890, was born in Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, April 20, 1823, and died in New York 
City, May 6, 1892. 

He was a son of Jacob Bailey and Mary Adams (Hill) Moore. 
His father was at one time librarian of the New York Historical 
Society. 

He was educated at Dartmouth College, and at the University 
of the City of New York, where he was graduated in 1845. While 
a student at the university he was appointed assistant librarian 
of the New York Historical Society. In 1849 he succeeded his 
father as librarian there, and from 1872 till his death was super- 
intendent of the Lenox Library. He was a member of the 
council of the University of the City of New York, 1871-83, 
and was appointed professor of Law in 1860, but never served as 
such. The honorary degree of LL.D was conferred on him by 
this university in 1868. 

He was the author of "The Treason of Charles Lee/' 1860; 
"Employment of Negroes in the Revolution," 1862; "Notes on 
the History of Slavery in Massachusetts," 1866; "Notes on the 
History of Witchcraft in Massachusetts," 1866; "History of the 
Old State House in Boston"; "History of the Jurisprudence of 
New York," 1872; "Washington as an Angler," 1887. 

He was married, October 21, 1850, to Mary Howe, daughter of 
John Givan. 



PLINY EARLE 83 



JOHN SMITH FOGG 

John Smith Fogg, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1870, was born in Meredith, New Hampshire, in 1817, 
and died in South Weymouth, Massachusetts, May 16, 1892, 
where he had resided for fifty years. 

He was a well-known banker and manufacturer, and was one 
of the pioneers in the shoe trade. — Daily Paper. 



PLINY EARLE 

Pliny Earle, a Life Member, elected in 1886, was born in 
Leicester, Massachusetts, December 31, 1809, and died in North- 
ampton, May 17, 1892. 

He was son of Pliny and Patience (Buffum) Earle. His line of 
descent was from Ralph 1 Earle, of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
through William 2 , Ralph 3 , who removed to Leicester, Massachu- 
setts, Robert 4 , Robert 5 , and Pliny 6 Earle, his father. 

He was graduated at the Pennsylvania University, and spent 
several years abroad, studying the treatment of the insane. He 
was appointed superintendent of the Friend's Hospital for the 
Insane at Frankford, Pennsylvania, in 1840, and was physician 
in the Bloomingdale Asylum from 1844 to 1849. He was 
appointed professor of Psychology in Berkshire Medical Insti- 
tution at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 1852, and was superintend- 
ent of the Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane from 
1864 to 1885, when he retired, because of advanced age. He 
was the founder of the American Medical Association. He is 
said to have been the first person that ever addressed an insane 



84 JAMES WILSON CLARK 

audience on any subject that was not wholly religious, and his 
policy of combining instruction and amusement as a remedial 
agency has been adopted in all modern insane institutions. He 
wrote numerous works on the general subject of mental disor- 
ders. He bequeathed $60,000 to the city of Northampton, as a 
fund, the interest of which was to be used toward maintaining 
the Forbes Library in that city. 



GIOVANNI BATTISTA DI CROLLALANZA 

Giovanni Battista Di Crollalanza, Chevalier, of Bari, 
Italy, was born at Fermo, Italy, March 19, 1819, and died 
May 18, 1892. 

He was elected a Corresponding Member of this Society in 
1880. 

For an obituary notice of Signore di Crollalanza, by George A. Gordon, A.M., 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. li-lii. 



JAMES WILSON CLARK 

James Wilson Clark, a Life Member, elected in 1855, was 
born in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, April 13, 1802, and died in 
Framingham, Massachusetts, June 5, 1892. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Clark, see Register, vol. lviii. pp. lviii-lx. 



AUGUSTUS RUSS 85 



AUGUSTUS RUSS 

Augustus Russ, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1882, was born in Boston, February 6, 1827, and 
died there, June 7, 1892. 

He was the son of Daniel Russ, of Damariscotta, Maine, and 
Sarah (Bakeman) Russ, who was born at Castine, Maine. 

He attended the old Boylston School on Fort Hill, and also the 
school on East Street, until he was nearly twelve years of age, 
when, from some trouble with his eyes, he gave up his studies. 
The only education he received afterwards was gained from 
general reading and contact with men. 

He was employed, for some time, in the hardware store of 
Oliphant Brothers, on Pearl Street, Boston, where he gained 
some knowledge of old-time methods, and learned bookkeeping. 
In 1851 he went to California, by way of the Isthmus, and 
joined Moses Ellis, in business in San Francisco. Some time after, 
with a cargo of merchandise, he went to the Sandwich Islands, 
and there established himself at Honolulu, where he remained 
about two years. He then returned to San Francisco, and again 
joined Mr. Ellis. 

Later he returned to the East, but while in Boston, was per- 
suaded by John C. Danforth, law partner of Hon. John C. Park, 
to enter the practice of the law. He studied in their office, and 
later was admitted to the Bar. 

Subsequently he became a law partner of Mr. Danforth. This 
connection lasted several years. Mr. Russ then opened an office 
alone, at No. 14 Tremont Street. From there he removed to 
Pemberton Square. He was associated at different times with 
R. W. Nason, Esq., Hon. J. W. McKim, Judge J. M. F. Howard, 
and W. G. Pattee. Finally he was connected with Hon. M. 0. 
Adams. 



86 JOSEPH FENNELLY BALLISTER 

His clientage was extensive, permanent, and of the best class. 
Great interests and important trusts were left to his administra- 
tion and counsel. Some of the most important cases tried before 
the courts of Suffolk were conducted by him. He was a promi- 
nent member and officer of the Boston Bar Association. He was 
one of the founders and promoters of the Boston Yacht Club, 
president of the Old School Boys' Association, and a trustee of 
the Warren Street Chapel. Dartmouth College conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1886. He was 
unmarried. 



JOSEPH FENNELLY BALLISTER 

Joseph Fennelly Ballister, of Newton, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1880, died in Newton, July 7, 1892. 

Joseph Fennelly Ballister was born in Boston, October 23, 
1819. He was the son of Joseph Ballister. 



GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS 87 



FREDERICK DABNEY 

Frederick Dabney, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1891, was born in Boston in 1846, and died there, 
July 24, 1892. 

He was graduated at Harvard in 1866. Until 1884 he prac- 
ticed law in Boston, and then removed to New York, where he 
became a wholesale dealer in lamps. In 1885 he was admitted 
to the New York Bar; but one year later he removed to Phila- 
delphia. In 1888 he returned to Boston and engaged in the 
insurance business. 

He married in Boston, November 8, 1882, Mrs. Isabelle G. 
Vezin, daughter of Constant Guillon, of Philadelphia, and widow 
of Alfred Vezin. 



GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS 

George William Curtis, of New Brighton, New York, a 
Corresponding Member from 1883, and elected an Honorary 
Member in 1890, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, Feb- 
ruary 24, 1824, and died in West New Brighton, New York, 
August 31, 1892. 

He was a son of George and Mary Elizabeth (Burrill) Curtis. 

At the age of fifteen he became a clerk in a mercantile house 
in New York. When eighteen, he, with his older brother, joined 
the community of Brook Farm, in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
remaining there about two years. Then they spent one or two 
years on a farm in Concord, Massachusetts. In 1846 he went 
abroad, spending some time as a student at the University of 



88 GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS 

Berlin, and traveling in a leisurely way through southern Europe, 
Egypt, and Syria. In 1850 he returned to New York and 
entered upon a literary life. He was connected with the 
" New York Tribune' ' for a short time. 

From 1853 to 1856 he was editor of " Putnam's Monthly." In 
1857 the firm failed, and he relinquished his private property, and 
devoted his income for the next fifteen years to paying, in full, 
the debts of the firm. 

He took the stump for Fremont in 1856; was a delegate to the 
second National Republican Convention at Chicago in 1860; 
became political editor of "Harper's Weekly" in 1863; was 
made a regent of the University of the State of New York in 
1864; was non-resident professor at Cornell University for four 
years; in 1867 was a delegate at large to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of New York, in which he was the chairman of the 
Committee on Education; and he was a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention of 1876. He declined the position of 
consul-general in Egypt in 1862, and also that of minister to 
England, and later that of minister to Germany. He was for 
many years president of the National Civil-Service Reform 
League, and of the New York Association. 

His principal publications were: "Nile Notes of a Howadji," 
1851; "The Howadji in Syria," 1852; "Lotus Eating," 1852; 
"Potiphar Papers," 1853; "Prue and I," 1856; "Trumps," 1862; 
and papers, entitled, "Editor's Easy Chair," which he contrib- 
uted to "Harper's Monthly" from 1853 to the time of his death. 

Among his published addresses are the following: "Eulogy 
upon Charles Sumner," before the Legislature of Massachusetts 
in 1874; "Centennial Oration," at Concord, Massachusetts, 1875, 
and at Schuylersville, New York, 1877; " Discourse upon William 
Cullen Bryant," before the New York Historical Society, 1878; 
"Oration upon Unveiling the Statue of Burns". in Central Park, 
1880. 

He received the degree of A.M. from Brown University in 1853; 
that of LL.D. from Madison University in 1864, from Harvard 
University in 1881, and from Brown University in 1882. 



DANIEL STEELE DURRIE 89 

He married, in 1856, Anna, daughter of Frank George Shaw, 
and had three children: Frank George, Elizabeth Burrill, and 
Sarah Shaw Curtis. 



DANIEL STEELE DURRIE 

Daniel Steele Durrie, a Corresponding Member from 1859, 
was born in Albany, New York, January 2, 1819, and died in 
Madison, Wisconsin, August 31, 1892. 

He was the son of Horace and Johannah (Steele) Durrie; 
grandson of John Durrie, who came from England in 1781 ; and a 
descendant of John Steele, the first secretary of the Colony of 
Connecticut, and of William Bradford, governor of Plymouth 
Colony. 

He attended a seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts, and 
was afterward employed in a bookstore in his native city. He 
established a bookselling business on his own account in 1844, 
remaining in Albany until 1850, when he removed to Madi- 
son, Wisconsin, and was engaged there in the same occupation, 
1854-57. In 1856 he retired from business to become the libra- 
rian of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, and held that 
position until his death. 

His published writings include: " Genealogy of the Steele 
Family," 1859; " Genealogy of the Holt Family," 1864; "Bibli- 
ographia Genealogica Americana, an Index to American Genealo- 
gies," 1868; " History of Madison, Wisconsin, including the Four 
Lake Country of Wisconsin," 1874; " History of Missouri" (with 
W. B. Davis), 1876; "History of Iowa" (with C. R. Tuttle), 
1876; and many historical works in pamphlet form. 



90 JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER 



JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER 

John Greenleaf Whittier, of Amesbury, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1868, was born in Haverhill, Massachu- 
setts, December 17, 1807, and died in Hampton Falls, New- 
Hampshire, September 7, 1892. 

He was descended from Thomas 1 Whittier, or Whittle, of 
Salisbury, Newbury, and Haverhill, Massachusetts, through 
Joseph 2 , Joseph 3 , and John 4 Whittier, his father, who married 
Abigail Hussey, daughter of Joseph Hussey, of Somersworth, 
New Hampshire. 

He was a famous American poet. "A Quaker in religion, he 
was remarkable for his consistency and the purity of his life ; 
he was one of the earliest and most influential abolitionists, sev- 
eral times mobbed for his opinions. He was at different periods 
editor of several journals, among them (1838-40), the ' Pennsyl- 
vania Freeman,' an abolition publication, and the leading con- 
tributor to the ' Washington National Era,' 1847-59. He was a 
member of the Massachusetts Legislature, 1835-36, and one of 
the secretaries of the American Anti-Slavery Society, 1836. He 
took great interest in politics. His home, after 1840, was at 
Amesbury, Massachusetts. 

'Among his best-known poems are: 'Skipper Ireson's Ride/ 
1860; ' My Playmate*,' 1860; ' Barbara Frietchie,' 1863; 'Laus 
Deo,' 1865; 'My Birthday,' 'Snowbound,' 1866; 'Maud Muller,' 
1866; 'The Tent on the Beach,' 1867. 

"Perhaps no other of our poets, not even Longfellow, has 
so reached the popular heart." — Library of the World's Best 
Literature. 



MATTHIAS DENMAN ROSS 91 



JOHN RODMAN ROLLINS 

John Rodman Rollins, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1851, was born in 1817, and died in East 
Derry, New Hampshire, September 13, 1892. 

He was mayor of Lawrence in 1857-58, served on the School 
Board for thirty-five years, and was an honored and useful 
citizen. A new schoolhouse was named in his honor. He 
raised a company of volunteers during the Civil War, and it was 
made a part of the Fourth Regiment. 

He wrote the sketch of Lawrence for Hurd's "History of 
Essex County, Massachusetts." 



MATTHIAS DENMAN ROSS 

Matthias Denman Ross, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1868, was born in Boston, October, 1819, and 
died in Jamaica Plain, September 14, 1892. 

He was the founder of the Boston Thread and Twine Company, 
and acquired much wealth in business enterprises. He was con- 
sidered the father of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
for it was he who hired the room where the institute met before 
it had a building of its own, and he was connected with its gov- 
ernment till his death. He had much to do in bringing about the 
establishment of the present park system of Boston, the kinder- 
gartens, the Museum of Fine Arts, Columbus Avenue and its 
corresponding system of streets, with the projected aquarium, 
the Eliot School, and other public institutions. His last months 
were spent in studying the rapid-transit problem of Boston, and 
in elaborating a scheme for the better drainage and water supply 
of Chicago. 



92 WALDO THOMPSON 



WALDO THOMPSON 

Waldo Thompson, of Swampscott, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1881, was born in Woburn, Massachusetts, 
December 7, 1813, and died in Swampscott, or Lynn, September 
25, 1892. 

He was of the eighth generation from James 1 Thompson, of 
Woburn, and own brother of the late Leonard Thompson, a well- 
known member of this Society. His line of descent is James 1 , 
Jonathan 2 , Jonathan 3 , Samuel 4 , Samuel 5 , surnamed the Squire, 
Leonard 6 , Colonel Leonard 7 , and Waldo 8 . His mother was 
Hannah Wyman, first wife of Colonel Leonard Thompson, and 
daughter of Daniel Wyman, of Woburn. 

Mr. Thompson was employed in his young manhood, in common 
with a large number of the men of those days, in the "shoe busi- 
ness," until failing health compelled him to make a change. In 
1838 he removed to Swampscott, and for some time followed the 
business of fishing. In 1843 he opened the first country store in 
the town. In 1844 he was elected a member of the School Board 
of Lynn, and in 1846 he was active in securing the organization 
of the church, now the First Congregational Church, in Swamp- 
scott, at the same time being superintendent of the Sabbath- 
School, and assisting in the erection of the church edifice. He 
also procured the establishment of a post-office, and for fifteen 
years was postmaster. In 1849 he was appointed a justice of the 
peace. In 1852 he drew the first town warrant for the first town 
meeting in Swampscott, at which he presided. In 1856 he pro- 
cured the establishment of a lighthouse by the United States 
government on Egg Rock, near the town. In 1863 he removed 
his buildings and family over the town line into the city of Lynn, 
and was actively engaged in business at No. 6 Ocean Street, in 
that city. 



WILLIAM STOWE 93 

He interested himself in historical and antiquarian re- 
search, and in 1885 published a volume, entitled, "Sketches of 
Swampscott." 



JAMES SMITH BUCK 

James Smith Buck, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, a Corresponding 
Member from 1860, died September 27, 1892. 

James Smith Buck was born in Lyman, New Hampshire, 
November 9, 1812. He was the son of Professor Amasa and 
Polly (Smith) Buck, and his grandfather was Deacon Amasa 
Buck, of Somers, Connecticut, and Bath, New Hampshire. 

He married Maria J. Adams, of Henniker, New Hampshire. 



WILLIAM STOWE 

William Stowe, a Resident Member from 1867, was born in 
Marlborough, Massachusetts, September 23, 1816, and died in 
Arlington, Massachusetts, October 4, 1892. 

He was descended from John 1 Stowe, who came to Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, from England, in 1634. Thomas 2 Stowe, of Con- 
cord, Massachusetts (1640), is probably a son of John 1 , followed 
by Samuel 3 Stowe, of Marlborough, John 4 , John 5 , William 6 , and 
Truman 7 . 

William 8 Stowe, the son of Truman and Hannah Sawin (Man- 
son) Stowe, was the pioneer in the netting industry in this coun- 
try, having, with Steven and Jonathan Nickerson, established 
the American Net and Twine Company at Boston, which, from 
very humble beginnings, became the largest house in its line of 
business in the United States. Mr. Stowe was its president for 
forty-one years. 



94 ELISHA BASSETT 

Mr. Stowe was a writer for the press for many years, and was 
widely known as such in the British Provinces. He also wrote 
much for the Boston papers, especially the " Transcript" and 
" Advertiser." 

He visited Europe and traveled extensively in the Provinces 
and Newfoundland. For many years he was a member of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, of Boston, elected in 
1867, but always declined public office, though actively inter- 
ested in public affairs. 

Mr. Stowe was twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth 
Sargent, of Boston, Massachusetts, and had three children: 
William E., Mary E. (Rice), and Eugenia (Willis). 

His second wife was Mary D. Rice, of Wayland, Massachusetts, 
and she had two children: Ellen G. and Susan G. (Gray). 

He wrote and published several articles in the " Gloucester 
Telegraph," covering the history of the Old Fishmongers' Com- 
pany, London. 



ELISHA BASSETT 

Elisha Bassett, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1871, was born in Ashfield, Massachusetts, June 6, 
1818, and died in Newton, Massachusetts, October 5, 1892. 

At twenty-two years of age he went into the office of Clerk 
Bassett of the District Court, as an assistant. In 1887 he was 
promoted from deputy to clerk. On March 19, 1890, he com- 
pleted fifty years of service in the office of clerk of the United 
States District Court, and the occasion was made memorable 
by the gathering of lawyers and members of the United States 
Court Bar. Owing to ill health, he was obliged to tender his 
resignation in 1891, and afterwards lived in retirement in 
Newton Centre. 



THOMAS CHASE 95 



THOMAS CHASE 

Thomas Chase, of Providence, Rhode Island, a Resident 
Member from 1891, was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, 
June 16, 1827, and died in Providence, October 5, 1892. 

He was graduated at Harvard University in 1848, and was 
tutor there from 1850 to 1853. He studied in the University of 
Berlin in 1854, and in the College de France in 1855. He was 
called to the chair of Greek and Latin at Haverford College, 
Pennsylvania, in 1855, and was president there from 1875 till 
1886, when he resigned, on account of failing health. He then 
spent more than a year in visiting the universities and other 
educational institutions in Europe, and during the last few 
years applied himself to literary work, and acted, at times, as 
professor in the classical course at Brown University. 

He was a member of the American Committee for the revision 
of the New Testament, and was also a member of the Philo- 
logical Congress, held in Stockholm, in 1889. 

His publications included an edition of " Cicero on Immor- 
tality," 1881; " Virgil's iEneid," 1868; " Hellas: Her Monu- 
ments and Scenery," 1863; "Horace" 1869; "First Six Books of 
the ^Eneid," 1870; "Four Books of Livy," 1872; "Juvenal and 
Perseus," 1876; and "A Latin Grammar," 1882. He also pub- 
lished Latin text-books, numerous essays, including "Words- 
worth," the "Homeric Question," "Curtius's History of Greece," 
"Goethe and Schiller," "Orations on Abraham Lincoln," "The 
Poetry of Whittier," and a memorable address delivered at the 
opening of Bryn Mawr College, on "Liberal Education: Its Aims 
and Methods." 



96 JOHN TODDMOULTON 



JOHN TODD MOULTON 

John Todd Moulton, of Lynn, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1873, was born in Lynn, August 7, 1838, and died 
there, October 17, 1892. He was a very prominent citizen of 
Lynn, and a morocco manufacturer. He was the son of Joseph 
Moulton, long known in Lynn as a successful tanner and 
morocco manufacturer. His mother's name before marriage 
was Relief Todd. 

He did a great deal of pen work, for which he will receive the 
thanks of future generations. Among other things, he had all 
the inscriptions in the old burying-ground copied and printed 
in durable form, with an introduction. He was an accurate and 
intelligent genealogist, and he also produced some metrical 
pieces of merit, and his name is included in the list of writers 
who have given Lynn a worthy reputation in literature. 

His ancestor, Robert Moulton, was sent to New England by 
the London Company, in 1629, to Governor Endicott, as master 
shipwright, with six journeymen, to begin the shipbuilding 
business at Salem. 

John Todd Moulton graduated from Lynn high school in 1855. 
He relinquished his idea of going to college, on account of his 
failing health. He spent several j^ears in his father's nursery in 
attending to the cultivation of trees. He succeeded his father, 
in 1864, in a firmly established business, the manufacture of 
morocco leather. 

He served as trustee of the Public Library and as treasurer 
of that board. He was treasurer of other local organizations. 

He married, in December, 1867, S. Fannie Sweetser, and had a 
son and two daughters. 

A sketch of Mr. Moulton is published, with a portrait, in Hurd's "History 
of Essex County, Massachusetts," pp. 372-373. 



EDMUND TUCKER EASTMAN 97 



JOSEPH WILSON LAWRENCE 

Joseph Wilson Lawrence, a Corresponding Member from 
1877, was born February 28, 1818, and died in St. John, New 
Brunswick, November 6, 1892. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Lawrence, by David Russell Jack, see 
Register, vol. lviii, supp., pp. lx-lxi. 



EDMUND TUCKER EASTMAN 

Edmund Tucker Eastman, of Boston, elected a Resident 
Member of this Society, February 8, 1858, was a son of Joshua 
and Susan Chase Eastman. He was born in Hampstead, New 
Hampshire, November 6, 1820, and died in Boston, November 7, 
1892. 

His father, Deacon Joshua Eastman, was a descendant in the 
sixth generation from Roger 1 Eastman, an original proprietor of 
Salisbury, Massachusetts, through Benjamin 2 , Edmund 3 , Ed- 
mund 4 , Joshua 5 . Dr. Eastman's father, the above-mentioned 
Deacon Joshua 6 , was born in Hampstead, and his wife, Susan, 
was born in West Newbury, Massachusetts. 

His early life was spent upon his father's farm, and he attended 
the district school of Hampstead until he was seventeen years 
old, when he entered Atkinson Academy, and after a term of 
study there went to Phillips Academy, at Andover, where he 
fitted for college. He entered Harvard and was graduated in 
1846. He soon after entered the Harvard Medical School, from 
which he graduated in 1850, and soon entered upon his practice 
as a physician, and continued in practice till his death. Dr. 



98 EDMUND TUCKER EASTMAN 

Eastman was active in public affairs in various directions. He 
was a Republican in politics, and represented his ward, No. 17, 
in the Legislature, in 1882 and 1883. He was influential in edu- 
cational matters also, and served on the School Committee for 
eleven years. He was interested in the charitable work of the 
city, and was a member of the Board of Overseers of the Poor 
for three years, and held the office of dispensary physician for 
five years, and of warden four years. He was also a director of 
the Howard Benevolent Society, and a distributing agent of its 
charity for more than thirty years. He was deeply interested 
in historical studies, and was faithful in his attendance, and 
useful in his service to this Historic Genealogical Society. He 
was also a life member of the Webster Historical Society. Ever 
ready to take part in the advancement of moral and religious 
life, he served in the Old South Church as superintendent of the 
Sunday-School for six years, was an active member of that 
church from 1857 to his death, and held a life membership in 
the Young Men's Christian Association and the American 
Sunday-School Union. He was chaplain of Massachusetts Lodge 
of Free Masons for many years. He was an earnest advocate of 
all real civil and social reforms, a member of the Massachusetts 
Total Abstinence Society, and an efficient officer of the Law and 
Order League. 

In these various directions of activity Dr. Eastman was always 
helpful, holding his positions for service and not simply for the 
honors. 

Dr. Eastman married Mrs. Clara Augusta Eastman, of Chelsea, 
widow of Joseph Leonard Eastman, and daughter of George and 
Abigail (Hanson) Clark. She survived him. He left one son, 
Edmund Chase Eastman, who, in 1888, married Mary Bassett, of 
Chelsea. 



DAVID WILLIAM PATTERSON 99 



ALFRED FAWCETT 

Alfred Fawcett, of Chelsea, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1871, died November 11, 1892. 



DAVID WILLIAM PATTERSON 

David William Patterson, a Corresponding Member from 
1865, was born in Union, New York, July 15, 1824, and died in 
Newark Valley, New York, November 18, 1892. 

He was the son of Hon. Chester and Mary Ann (Elliott) 
Patterson. 

He removed with his parents to Newark Valley in 1839; and 
obtaining a good common school education, he studied dentistry 
at Rochester, New York, and commenced its practice at West 
Winsted, Connecticut, in 1846. Here he became interested in 
the study of American genealogy and local history; which so 
grew upon him, that finally, upon his removal to Newark Valley, 
in 1865, he abandoned dentistry, and devoted himself (aside 
from the management of his small paternal farm) entirely to his 
favorite pursuit. 

Of the great extent and value of his-work comparatively little 
is known, even among his fellow-laborers in the same field; for 
most of it was done for others, and his share in the compilation 
of many of our best genealogies is indicated only by a line in the 
preface, or an occasional foot-note. The only published works, 
avowedly his, are: " A Letter of Directions to his Father's Birth- 
place," 1865; " John Watson, of Hartford, Connecticut, and his 
Descendants," 1865; "Memorables of the Montgomeries," 1866; 



100 DAVID WILLIAM PATTERSON 

"Slosson Genealogy," 1872; "John Stoddard, of Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, and his Descendants, 1642-1872," 1873; "The 
Isbell and Kingman Families," 1889; "Brockway Family," 1890; 
"The Grant Genealogy," 1893; "The Whitney Family, Connec- 
ticut, 1649-1878," 3 vols. The compilation and arrangement 
of this work was the greatest monument of Mr. Patterson's 
industry and skill; and he prepared, also, enough more material 
to have made another large volume, which, however, was not 
published. He also published "Susquehannah Association His- 
torical Notes." 

In manuscript form, he left many valuable works, a list of 
which is given in the Register, vol. xlvii, p. 230. 

He married, June 8, 1853, Helen Maria, daughter of Otis and 
Sarah (Slosson) Lincoln, of Newark Valley. She survived him 
with their four children, Anna, Lincoln Elliott, Sterling Wood- 
ford, and Ralph Thacher. 



SIR JOHN BERNARD BURKE 101 






SIR JOHN BERNARD BURKE 

Sir John Bernard Burke, a Corresponding Member from 
1851, and elected an Honorary Member in 1862, was born in 
London, England, in 1815, and died in Dublin, Ireland, December 
13, 1892. He was a son of John Burke, an Irish genealogist. 

He was educated in the college at Caen, Normandy, and was 
called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1839. He edited for 
many years at first, in conjunction with his father, and alone, 
after his father's death, the "Peerage" and "Baronetage." He 
was author of "The Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland," 
a work afterward republished under the title of "History of the 
Landed Gentry;" "General Armory;" "Visitation of Seats;" 
"Family Romance;" "Anecdotes of the Aristocracy;" "The 
Historic Lands of England;" "Vicissitudes of Families;" and 
"Reminiscences, Ancestral and Anecdotal;" besides other books 
on heraldic, historical, and antiquarian subjects. He was ap- 
pointed Ulster King of Arms in 1853, was knighted in the follow- 
ing year, and had the charge of the arrangements and procedure 
connected with the ceremonies and pageants of Dublin Castle. 
He became also keeper of the Irish State Papers in 1874. 



102 LEOPOLD MORSE 



LEOPOLD MORSE 

Leopold Morse, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber from 1884, was born in Wachenheim, Rhenich, Palatinate 
Bavaria, in August, 1831, and died in Boston, Massachusetts, 
• December 15, 1892. 

At the age of seventeen he came alone to America in a sailing 
vessel, to join an elder brother who was in business in New 
Hampshire. Coming to Boston in 1849, he found employment in 
a store on Milk Street, as errand boy. Soon after, he went to 
work for Henry Herman, a clothing dealer, who encouraged 
him and his brother to open a clothing store in New Bedford. 
The Morse brothers returned to Boston, after a time, however, 
and bought out Mr. Herman's business. Prosperity followed, and 
Mr. Morse sent to Germany for his mother, three sisters, and 
four brothers. He successively transferred his business from 
North to Milk Street, and thence to Dock Square, and finally, 
purchasing the Brattle Square Church property, he built upon 
the site the substantial block at the corner of Washington and 
Brattle streets. 

Without having served the usual political apprenticeship in 
the city government and State Legislature, he was nominated 
for Congress by the Democrats of the Old Fourth District in 
1872. He was again elected in 1876 and 1878. Three more re- 
elections followed. He was one of the strongest advocates of a 
national bankruptcy law, and was identified with the cause of 
civil service reform in Congress. He was also a leading supporter 
of tariff reform. In 1888 he might have had the Democratic 
nomination for governor of Massachusetts, if he had but said 
the word. He was twice a delegate to National Democratic 
conventions. 



EBEN NORTON HORSFORD 103 

He was prominent in many charities, having founded and en- 
dowed the Boston Home for Aged and Infirm Hebrews and an 
Orphanage. He was president of the Suffolk Club, and was, at 
one time, president of the Boston Post Publishing Company. 

For the above sketch the editor is indebted to the work entitled, " Massa- 
chusetts Men of To-day." 



HENRY AUGUSTUS CHURCH 

Henry Augustus Church, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1881, was born in Fairhaven, and died in 
Boston, December 23, 1892. He was the son of Nathan Church. 

For a long time he was in the whaling business with his father. 
In 1862 he removed to Milton. He was for many years treas- 
urer of the Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad Com- 
pany, with headquarters in Boston, and also a trustee of 
William Brown's heirs. 

He left a widow and six children. 



EBEN NORTON HORSFORD 

Eben Norton Horsford, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1860, was born in Moscow, New York, 
July 27, 1818, and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, January 1, 
1893. 

He was a son of Jerediah and Charity Maria (Norton) Hors- 
ford, of Goshen, Connecticut, and she was the daughter of 
Ebenezer Norton, who served in the War of the Revolution. 
Jerediah Horsford went from Vermont to Moscow, as a mission- 
ary to the Seneca Indians. 



104 EBEN NORTON HORSFORD 

He was sent to the best schools, and at the age of nineteen 
graduated as a civil engineer from the Rensselaer Institute of 
Troy, New York. He was then employed on the Geological 
Survey of the State of New York, and from 1840 to 1844 was 
professor of Mathematics and the Natural Sciences in the 
Albany Female Academy. One of the most highly valued of the 
tokens of success which from time to time came to him, was a 
gold medal, received in 1841, from the Young Men's Association 
of Albany, for a prize essay on "The Mechanical Powers." 

In 1844 he went to Germany to stud}' chemistry, and spent 
two years at Giessen under Baron Liebig. On returning to 
America he was elected to the Rumford professorship of the 
Application of Science to the Useful Arts, in Harvard University. 
His investigations in chemistry led to inventions which proved 
to be of large use and of great commercial value, and in 1863 
he retired from this position, and gave his attention to manufac- 
tures based upon these inventions. In 1847 he was elected a 
resident fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
In 1873 he was United States Commissioner to the Vienna Ex- 
hibition. In 1876 he served as a juror at the Centennial Exhibi- 
tion at Philadelphia. He was twice appointed an examiner of 
the United States Mint. He was one of the Board of Managers 
of the Sons of the Revolution. He visited Norway in 1880, and 
was at Carlsbad in 1890. 

He usually spent his summers at Shelter Island, New York, 
in the old manor house, which had belonged to his wife's family. 
He interested himself in studying the antiquity of the island, and 
erected a monument to the Quakers, who found shelter there 
from Puritan persecution. In the comparative leisure of his 
later years he became deeply interested in endeavoring to trace 
the routes of the Northmen, who early visited this continent. 
He studied the sagas, pored over the ancient charts, explored 
the coast of New England, and at length became assured that 
he found, in Cambridge, the location of the house built by Leif 
Ericson, and that at Watertown, on the Charles River, he had 
discovered the long-lost Norumbega, the settlement of the Ice- 






EBEN NORTON HORSFORD 105 

landic voyagers. Here he erected a substantial stone tower to 
mark the spot. 

In 1891 the Scandinavian societies of North America, in tes- 
timony of their appreciation of his efforts to demonstrate the 
discovery and colonization of America by the Northmen, pre- 
sented him, in their annual assembly, an engrossed address, 
framed in wood from Norway, and elaborately carved by a 
Norwegian lady. In 1892 the king of Denmark created him a 
Knight Commander of the third grade of the Order of Danneborg. 

Wellesley College was the object of his largest benefactions. 
He was from the beginning president of its Board of Visitors. 
He established there, by a large endowment, the system by 
which the leading professors, without loss of salary, are to have 
every seventh year for a period of rest and European travel. He 
enlarged and endowed the college library, and provided a fund 
for scientific apparatus. 

His publications include the following volumes: " Discovery 
of America by Northmen," " Discovery of the Ancient City of 
Norumbega," "The Problem of the Northmen," "The Defenses 
of Norumbega," "The Landfall of Leif Erikson," and "Leif's 
House in Vineland," published since his decease. Besides these 
volumes he published a large number of pamphlets and printed 
articles in the scientific periodicals. When the Cochituate water 
was introduced into Boston, he prepared a paper containing the 
results of an exhaustive investigation into the best material for 
water pipes. 

He married, in 1847, Mary L'Hommedieu Gardiner, daughter 
of Hon. Samuel Smith Gardiner, of Shelter Island, New York. 
Four daughters were born of this marriage: Lilian; Mary Kath- 
erine; Gertrude Hubbard, who married Andrew Fiske, of Boston 
and Mary Gardiner, who married Judge Benjamin R. Curtis. 
Mrs. Horsford died in 1855. In 1857 he married her sister, 
Phoebe Dayton Gardiner, who survived him. The only child 
of this marriage was a daughter, Cornelia. 



106 LINUS PIERPONT BROCKETT 



LINUS PIERPONT BROCKETT 

Linus Pierpont Brockett, a Corresponding Member from 
1847, was born in Canton, Connecticut, October 16, 1820, and 
died in Brooklyn, New York, January 13, 1893. 

He was educated in the Connecticut Literary Institution, and 
at Brown University. He was graduated from the Yale Medical 
School in 1843, and continued a number of years in the practice 
of medicine. His physical strength was not sufficient for the 
exacting work of his profession, and he turned aside to the pur- 
suit of literature. From 1847 to 1857 he was in the publishing 
business in Hartford. In 1854 he was appointed a commissioner 
by the State of Connecticut to investigate the condition of idiots, 
and the best methods of dealing with them. This occupied him 
two years. From 1856 he was connected with several religious 
papers. He published more than forty distinct works on bio- 
graphical, geographical, historical, literary, and religious sub- 
jects. He contributed toward the first edition of the " American 
Cyclopaedia." He wrote a "History of the Civil War;" 
"Woman's Work in the Civil War;" and "Men of Our Day," 
1868. He was one of the leading contributors to the "New 
Encyclopaedia of Missions." His largest usefulness was in con- 
nection with Christian Missions in foreign lands. Amherst 
College conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts in 1857. 



RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES 107 



RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES 

Rutherford Birchard Hayes, the nineteenth President of 
the United States, an Honorary Member, elected in 1877, and an 
Honorary Vice-President of the Society from 1S79 to 1889, was 
born in Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822, and died in Fremont, 
Ohio, January 17, 1893. 

He was of the sixth generation from George 1 Hayes, of Windsor, 
Connecticut, who came to New England about 1680, through 
Daniel 2 , Ezekiel 3 , Rutherford 4 , and Rutherford 5 , his father, who 
married Sophia Birchard, the mother of President Hayes. 

He received his early education at Norwalk, Ohio, and Middle- 
town, Connecticut, and was graduated from Kenyon College, 
Gambier, Ohio, with the highest honors, in 1842. He entered 
the Law School of Harvard University, and was graduated in 
1845. He began the practice of law in Fremont, Ohio, but re- 
moved to the city of Cincinnati, where he soon became eminent 
in his profession. He was city solicitor of Cincinnati a number of 
years before the Civil War. He enlisted as a volunteer in the 
Army of the United States in 1861, receiving a commission as 
major. He was in active service during the whole of the war, 
was severely wounded at South Mountain, in 1862, was 
promoted brigadier-general in 1864, and major-general by 
brevet in 1865. After the close of the war he served in the 
House of Representatives from 1865 to 1867, when he was 
elected governor of Ohio. He was re-elected in 1869 and in 
1875. In 1876 he was elected President of the United States. 

The most important events during his administration were 
the withdrawal of the United States troops from the Southern 
States, the resumption of specie payments, and the progress of 
civil-service reform. After his retirement to private life he was 
active in educational and charitable work, serving for many 



108 PHILLIPS BROOKS 

years as president of the National Prison Reform Association, 
trustee of the Peabody Educational Fund, and of the John F. 
Slater Fund. 

Besides the practice of law, and the duties of his political life, 
he gave much attention to literary and historical studies. He 
was one of the founders of the Ohio Historical Society, and 
a Corresponding Member of various historical and literary 
societies. He received the degree of LL.D. from Kenyon Col- 
lege in 1868, from Harvard in 1877, and from Yale and Johns 
Hopkins in 1880. 

He married, December 30, 1852, Lucy Ware Webb, by whom 
he had eight children. 



PHILLIPS BROOKS 

Phillips Brooks, Bishop of Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber from 1892, was born in Boston, December 13, 1835, and died 
in Boston, January 23, 1893. 

He was a son of William Gray and Mary Ann (Phillips) Brooks, 
and a descendant of Thomas Brooks, who came from England in 
the early years of the Puritan emigration. On the side of his 
mother he was descended from Rev. George Phillips, a graduate 
of the University of Cambridge, who came from England in the 
"Arbella," with Governor Winthrop, in 1630, and also a descend- 
ant of Judge Samuel Phillips, one of the founders of Phillips 
Andover Academy, and whose brother was the founder of Phillips 
Exeter Academy. 

He was prepared for college in the Boston Latin School, was 
graduated from Harvard in 1855, and studied divinity at Alex- 
andria, Virginia. He was ordained to the ministry in the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church in 1859; was rector of the Church of 
the Advent in Philadelphia, until 1862, when he was transferred 
to the Church of the Holy Trinity in the same city. He became 



WILLIAM TAYLOR GLIDDEN 109 

rector of Trinity Church in Boston in 1869, and after a ministry 
of twenty-two years in this church he was consecrated Bishop of 
Massachusetts in 1891. 

He was interested in everything that related to the history of 
New England. He was the author of a number of volumes, 
which had a wide circulation. He was the friend and helper of 
men of all sorts and conditions, but he will be remembered chiefly 
for his gift of eloquent and persuasive speech. 

The ancestral line of the Rt. Rev. Phillips Brooks is more particularly 
as follows: Thomas 1 Brooks, of Concord, through Caleb 2 , of Medford, 
Captain Samuel 3 , Samuel 4 , Rev. Edward 5 , Cotton Brown 6 , and William 
Gray 7 Brooks, his father. For Phillips: Rev. George 1 Phillips, of Water- 
town, Rev. Samuel 2 , Samuel 3 , Rev. Samuel 4 , Hon. Samuel 6 , Hon. Samuel 6 , 
Colonel John 7 , and Mary Ann 8 Phillips, his mother. 



WILLIAM TAYLOR GLIDDEN 

William Taylor Glidden, a Life Member, elected in 1870, 
was born in Newcastle, Maine, September 22, 1805, and died 
there, January 28, 1893. 

He was the son of John and Sarah (Shove) Glidden, and was 
descended from the Gliddens, of New Market, New Hampshire, in 
1643, from which place they removed to Maine in 1750. 

Very early in life he went to sea, and by the time he was twenty- 
one he had attained the rank of captain. He subsequently 
made many voyages in the China and European trade. 

In 1848 he removed to Boston, and the following year formed 
a partnership with Hon. J. M. S. Williams, of Cambridge, and the 
firm of Glidden and Williams became extensively known in the 
shipping trade between Boston and San Francisco. They were 
owners of and interested in a large fleet of the then famous clipper 
ships, and the business tact and systematic management dis- 
played, gained for them the confidence of shippers, resulting in 
an extensive and prosperous business. In 1877 the firm was 



110 EDWARD BOUTELLE BLASLAND 

dissolved, and he, although residing in Boston during the winter, 
made his home in his native town until his death. 

He was greatly interested in genealogy, and, when in England, 
spent much time in tracing the lineage of the family, and in 
visiting scenes once familiar to his ancestors, especially the 
"Glidden" at Hambleden, Hampshire, where is still standing 
the old manor house built in the style of the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries. 

He was a member of the Maine and Virginia Historical Socie- 
ties, Boston Marine Society, Pine Tree State Club, and the 
Union Club, of Boston. In his native town he endowed a 
Protestant Episcopal Church which was built upon land originally 
granted to his ancestors when they moved to Maine. 

He married, first, Susan Cotter, by whom he had three chil- 
dren: William Henry, Frances Cooper, and Susan Cotter Glidden. 
He married, second, in 1840, Catherine C. Glidden, daughter of 
Colonel John and Mary I. (Lovett) Glidden. By this marriage 
there were four children: Emma Field, John M., Simon Handley, 
and Mary S. Glidden. 



EDWARD BOUTELLE BLASLAND 

Edward Boutelle Blasland, of Boston, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1885, was born in Boston, October 9, 
1838, and died there, January 29, 1893. 

He was a son of Thomas and Lucretia (Boutelle) Blasland, and 
grandson of William Blasland. His mother was the daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mary (Hill) Boutelle, and granddaughter of John 
Hill, who served at the battle of Lexington. 

He received his earliest education at the primary and gram- 
mar schools of South Boston, graduating with honor as a medal 
scholar at the Hawes Grammar School in 1852. He then went 
to the English High School in Boston, where he remained until 



NATHANIEL GATES CHAPIN 111 

1855. Soon afterwards he was employed by the firm of Bates 
and Goldthwait, carpet dealers on Washington Street, near Corn- 
hill, Boston. 

In 1861 he was a member of the Boston Light Infantry Bat- 
talion, which was stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. 
When the Massachusetts Thirty-Third Regiment was organized, 
in 1862, he received a captain's commission, and commanded a 
company enlisted from Lowell. 

He was with his regiment in the battle of Fredericksburg, 
Chancellors ville, Beverly's Ford and Gettysburg, and was badly 
wounded at Wanhatchie. At Bentonville he captured the 
colors of the Twenty-Sixth Tennessee Regiment. 

He was promoted major in 1864, and brevet lieutenant-colonel 
in 1865. 

Returning home, he was appointed messenger at the Boston 
Custom House in 1872, and was soon after promoted to the 
position of assistant to the deputy surveyor. In 1882 or 1883 he 
was appointed to a position in the collector's department at the 
Boston City Hall, holding the office until his death. He was 
chosen department inspector of the Grand Army of the Republic 
under the department commander. He was a member of the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery Company, Thirty-Third Regiment Association, Bostonian 
Society, Columbian Lodge of Free Masons, Orpheus Club, Boston 
Club, Royal Arcanum, and Independent Order of Red Men. 



NATHANIEL GATES CHAPIN 

Nathaniel Gates Chapin, a Life Member, elected in 1863, 
was born in Walpole, New Hampshire, August 20, 1817, and died 
in Boston, January 27, 1893. 

He was a son of Nathaniel and Fanny Bowen (Brown) Chapin, 
and a descendant of Samuel 1 Chapin, of Roxbury and Spring- 



112 NATHANIEL GATES CHAPIN 

field, Massachusetts, through Josiah 2 , Seth 3 , Seth 4 , Josiah 5 , Levi 6 , 
and Nathaniel 7 , his father. 

He was educated in the public and private schools at Bel- 
lows Falls, Vermont, and frequently was called upon to hear 
recitations. 

When he was seventeen he came to Boston and secured a 
place in a wholesale dry-goods establishment. A branch was 
established in New York, and he was sent there as a clerk. 
About 1840 he started a commission business in Boston, form- 
ing a partnership with a wholesale grocery house in Cleveland, 
Ohio. In 1846 he became a partner in the provision business 
with his wife's father, Jabez Fisher, the firm name being Fishers 
and Chapin. 

In 1842 he bought the old Sumner estate in Brookline, a house 
containing Revolutionary associations, having been built in 
1740. 

In 1855 he spent most of the year traveling in Europe. He 
was a director for a quarter of a century in the New England 
Mutual Insurance Company. About 1862 he was chosen a 
director in the Massachusetts Bank, which position he held for 
nearly thirty years. The firm of Fishers and Chapin suspended 
business in 1875. 

Mr. Chapin was treasurer of the Eastern Railroad until the 
road was leased to the Boston and Maine Railroad, when he was 
chosen vice-president of the Massachusetts National Bank. He 
was a Life Member of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

He married, August 31, 1843, Harriet Louisa Fisher, daughter 
of Jabez and Susanna Fisher, of Boston. 



KOWLAND ELLIS 113 






ROWLAND ELLIS 

Rowland Ellis, of Newton, Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber from 1884, was born in Boston, November 26, 1807, and died 
in Newton Centre, Massachusetts, February 16, 1893. 

He was the son of Joshua and Sarah (Lewis) Ellis. 

His education was in private schools in Boston, and in the 
Boston high school, which he entered at its opening in 1821. 
The most of his life was passed in the city of Boston, which he 
served in various official capacities, — on the old Primary 
School Board, in the City Council, and as a representative in the 
Legislature. 

He had an unusually retentive memory of persons and places; 
and he was an authority on all subjects relating to historic Bos- 
ton. He lived many years on Hanover Street, and knew from 
intimate acquaintance every street and alley at the "Old North 
End." He could tell the history of every family that had had its 
permanent home there during the century, and point out the 
exact location of every historic building. When a boy he had 
attended the same church as Paul Revere, and could accurately 
describe him as he appeared when he used to stride up the aisle. 

He married, in Boston, October 30, 1831, Eliza Ann Coburn, 
daughter of Thomas Coburn. The children of this marriage 
were Eliza Ann Coburn, Sarah Frances, Anna Cornelia, Martha 
Josephine, and Adelaide Louisa. 

He was married a second time, at Pepperell, Massachusetts, 
August 16, 1849, to Harriet Green, daughter of John Green. She 
died, leaving no children. 



114 GEORGE WHITEFIELD AVERY 



GEORGE WHITEFIELD AVERY 

George Whitefield Avery, a Life Member, elected in 1868, 
was born in Hampton, Connecticut, September 27, 1836, and 
died in Hartford, Connecticut, February 23, 1893. 

He was a son of David and Rebecca (Morgan) Avery, and 
grandson of Rev. David Avery, a descendant of one of the early 
settlers of Groton, Connecticut. Rev. David Avery was graduated 
at Yale College in 1769, and served in the Revolutionary War. 

He expected to make teaching his life work, but was led to 
undertake the study of medicine, and graduated in 1861 at the 
Yale Medical School. He was there made house physician at 
the New Haven Hospital. 

At the opening of the Civil War he was appointed assistant 
surgeon of the Ninth Connecticut Volunteers. In 1862 he went 
with General Butler to New Orleans, and in 1863 was placed at 
the head of the St. James Hospital, and for two years he had 
charge, under General Butler, of all the sanitarj' arrangements 
of the city. He was appointed surgeon of the First New Orleans 
Volunteers, and subsequently held, during his ten years' resi- 
dence in New Orleans, various important offices, civil and mili- 
tary, among others, that of high sheriff. 

In 1871 he removed to Hartford, Connecticut, where he held 
positions of trust. For several years he was surgeon of the 
First Regiment National Guards, examiner for the Soldier's 
Home, and a member of the Pension Examining Board. He 
was also a member of the Hartford Medical Society, and from 
1874 was attending physician at the American Asylum for the 
Deaf and Dumb. 

He was twice married, first, in 1872, to Lydia L. Shipman, of 
Jewett City, Connecticut, and second, in 1884, to Elizabeth P. 
Keep, of Hartford, who, with his four daughters, survived him. 



FEANCIS ORMOND FRENCH 115 



FRANCIS ORMOND FRENCH 

Francis Ormond French, a Resident Member from 1883, 
was born in Chester, New Hampshire, September 12, 1837, and 
died in Tuxedo, New York, February 26, 1893. 

He was a son of Benjamin Brown and Betsey Smith (Rich- 
ardson) French, and she was a daughter of Chief Justice William 
Merchant Richardson, of Chester, New Hampshire. His grand- 
father was Hon. Daniel French. He was descended from Edward 1 
French, of Salisbury, Massachusetts, through Joseph 2 , of Ipswich, 
Joseph 3 , of Salisbury, Joseph 4 , Daniel 5 , Gould 6 , of Epping, 
New Hampshire, Daniel 7 , and Benjamin Brown 8 , his father. 

He prepared for college at Phillips Exeter Academy, and 
entered the Sophomore class at Harvard in 1854, where he was 
graduated with honors in 1857. He was admitted to the Bar in 
1860. In 1862 he was appointed deputy naval officer of customs 
at Boston, and in 1863 was appointed deputy collector of the 
same port. He resigned in 1865, to enter the banking firm of 
Samuel A. Way, of Boston. In 1870 he went to New York, to 
enter the firm of Jay Cook and Company. After the Cook fail- 
ure, he represented the London firms of McCullough and Com- 
pany, and Melville, Evans, and Company, in New York. In 
1874 he, with others, secured the control of the First National 
Bank of New York, and engineered the funding operations of 
United States Loans. In 1880 he retired from business, but in 
1888 accepted the presidency of the Manhattan Trust Company. 

He was married, in 1861, to Ellen, daughter of Hon. Amos 
Tuck, of Exeter. By this marriage there were three children: 
Elizabeth, who married Colonel the Hon. Herbert Francis Eaton, 
of the Grenadier Guards in England ; Amos, who was connected 
with the Manhattan Trust Company; and Elsie, who resided with 
her mother in Tuxedo, New York. 



116 HENRY WHEATLAND 



HENRY WHEATLAND 

Henry Wheatland, of Salem, Massachusetts, a Correspond- 
ing Member from 1846, was born in Salem, January 11, 1812, and 
died there, February 27, 1893. 

He was the son of Richard and Martha (Goodhue) Wheatland, 
and grandson of Peter Wheatland, of Wareham, England. 

At the age of sixteen he entered Harvard College, graduating 
there in 1832. He studied medicine under Dr. Abel L. Peirson, 
of Salem, and received his medical degree at Harvard in 1837. 
His studies of the animal organs and tissues encouraged him to 
undertake deeper researches in comparative anatomy and 
biology, and thus he was led to abandon his purpose of practicing 
the medical profession. To the young he was a useful instructor 
and guide in every department of natural history. 

The great work of his life was the upbuilding of the Essex Insti- 
tute, which was formed by uniting the Essex Historical Society 
and the Essex County Natural History Society. He was vice- 
president and one of the original trustees of the Peabody Acad- 
emy of Science for the County of Essex; a trustee of the Peabody 
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology of Cambridge ; a member 
of the American Antiquarian Society, and of the American His- 
torical Association; a member and one of the founders of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science. 

He married, February 3, 1858, Mary C, daughter of Hon. 
Elisha and Catherine (Orne) Mack, of Salem. They had no 
children. 

Dr. Wheatland made extensive collections for the cabinets 
of scientific institutions in Salem. These were obtained in his 
own neighborhood and during voyages to South America and 
Europe. He was superintendent of the museum of the East 



ARTHUR WELLAND BLAKE 117 

India Marine Society from 1837 to 1848, or, until the Essex In- 
stitute was formed, of which he was the president, and to which 
he untiringly gave the greater portion of his life. In his lat- 
ter days he devoted himself to local history and genealogy, in 
which he achieved a great reputation. 



ARTHUR WELLAND BLAKE 

Arthur Welland Blake, of Brookline, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member of this Society since 1885, was born in Boston, 
November 5, 1840, and died in Brookline, February 28, 1893. 
His father was George Baty Blake, born in Brattleborough, Ver- 
mont, May 19, 1808. His mother was Anna Hall. He was a 
lineal descendant, in the eighth generation, from William Blake, 
who was baptized in Pit minster, England, July 10, 1594, and 
who came to New England as early as 1636. He lived in Dor- 
chester, and is spoken of in the old records as a useful and in- 
fluential citizen. The line is as follows: William 1 , Edward 2 , 
born about 1625, probably in England; Solomon 3 , of Boston; 
Joseph 4 , born 1709, also of Boston; Joseph 5 , born 1739; John 
Welland 6 , born 1759; George Baty 7 . 

His father was a banker and broker, who did business in Bos- 
ton, under the firm name of Blake Brothers and Company. 
Arthur Welland Blake was prepared for college in the Boston 
schools, and entered Harvard College in 1857. He left during 
Freshman year to go into business. In 1861 he became a mem- 
ber of the firm with his father, and continued in business up to 
the time of his death. He lived in New York about ten years, 
where the firm had a branch of its business. He returned to 
Boston about fifteen years before his death. 

He was a member of the Boston Stock Exchange, and of St. 
Botolph Club in Boston, the Union Club in New York, and a 
number of other organizations. He owned one of the most 



118 WILLIAM LEE 

beautiful estates in Brookline, and was one of its wealthy 
citizens. 

Mr. Blake always cherished an interest in Harvard. He gave 
$1,000 toward the Class Memorial window in Memorial Hall, and, 
more than any one else, insured the success of the undertaking. 
He had been an invalid the past two or three years of his life, 
during which time he did not take any active part in the business, 
which was cared for by the other partners, John P. Marquand, 
J. E. Brown, George R. Harris, and Howland Davis. 

He married, April 25, 1878, Frances Greenough, daughter of 
Henry Greenough, of Cambridge. His wife and two daughters 
survived him. 



WILLIAM LEE 

William Lee, of Washington, District of Columbia, a Resi- 
dent Member from 1883, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 
March 12, 1841, and died in Washington, March 2, 1893. 

He was the son of William Barlow and Ann (Whitman) Lee. 

His early education was in private academies in Boston. 

From 1858 to 1860 he was attached as civil assistant to a corps 
of United States Topographical Engineers, and in this service 
was, in 1859, one of the first party of white men who crossed the 
great American desert from Salt Lake City to Genoa, Nevada. 
In 1861 he was one of the first to volunteer to dress and care for 
the wounds of the Massachusetts troops, who were wounded 
when passing through Baltimore. He continued in the hospital 
service for six months as acting medical cadet of the United 
States Army. 

He received the degree of M.D. from the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons in New York in 1863, and was resident physician 
at Bellevue Hospital from 1863 to 1865. Soon after this he 
established himself in the practice of medicine in Washington. 
In 1872 he became professor of Physiology in the medical depart- 



WILLIAM LEE 119 

merit of Columbian University in Washington, and filled that 
chair for more than twenty years. He was associate editor of the 
"National Medical Journal " in 1872, and in 1883 was associate 
editor of the " Journal of the American Medical Association." 

He was president of the Medical Society of the District of 
Columbia, 1892-93, and was a member of the Philosophical, 
Anthropological, and Biological societies of the District, also of 
the Medical Association of the District, and of the American 
Public Health Association, the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, and the American Archaeological and 
Numismatic Society. He was also connected with the Cosmos, 
and other clubs in Washington. 

Besides several pamphlets and contributions to medical pub- 
lications, he published, in 1888, a volume of 499 pages, entitled, 
"John Leigh of Agawam (Ipswich), Massachusetts, 1634-1671, 
and his Descendants of the Name of Lee." 

He married, April 9, 1885, Mary Augusta Gadsby, of Wash- 
ington. 



120 BERNARD BEMIS WHITTEMORE 



BERNARD BEMIS WHITTEMORE 

Bernard Bemis Whittemore, of Nashua, New Hampshire, a 
Corresponding Member from 1854, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, May 15, 1817, and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
March 5, 1893. 

He was a son of Bernard and Jane (Holmes) Whittemore, and 
grandson of Nathaniel Whittemore, a Revolutionary soldier. 

His boyhood days were spent in Peterborough, New Hamp- 
shire, where his parents removed in his infancy. His college pre- 
paratory education was at Phillips Exeter Academy, and he 
graduated from Harvard College in 1839. He studied law, and 
was admitted to the Hillsborough County Bar in 1842. After 
practicing law a short time in Palmer and Amherst, Massachu- 
setts, he removed to Nashua, New Hampshire, and here his real 
life work was taken up. 

With his brother, F. P. Whittemore, he purchased the "Weekly 
Gazette," and assumed the editorial charge in 1846. For nearly 
forty-three years he was the editor of that paper. In 1872 a 
daily edition was first put out, which he and his brother con- 
tinued to publish, in connection with the weekly, until 1889. He 
then retired from the active duties of a newspaper man. 

At the incorporation of the city of Nashua, in 1853, he was 
the first Democratic candidate for mayor; and although his 
party was not victorious, he received a highly complimentary 
vote. In 1852-53 he was a member of the New Hampshire 
Senate. He was an alderman of the city in 1860, and city treas- 
urer in 1861. He was a trustee of the public library from the 
day of its formation to his death. He published a genealogy of 
the Whittemore family. He never married. 



ANDREW PRESTON PEABODY 121 






ANDREW PRESTON PEABODY 

Andrew Preston Peabody, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1883, was born in Beverly, Massachu- 
setts, March 19, 1811, and died in Boston, March 10, 1893. 

He was of the sixth generation from Lieutenant Francis 
Peabody, who came to New England to Ipswich, in 1635. This 
ancestor removed to Hampton, New Hampshire, and later to 
Topsfield, Massachusetts, the line being Lieutenant Francis 1 
Peabody, Joseph 2 , Zerubbabel 3 , Andrew 4 , Andrew 5 , the father 
of Andrew Preston 6 , whose mother, the wife of Andrew 5 , was 
Mary Rantoul, sister of Hon. Robert Rantoul, Sr., of Beverly. 
Andrew 5 was a teacher. 

He was graduated at Harvard in 1826. He was a private tutor 
at Meadville, Pennsylvania, for some years, after which he en- 
tered the Divinity School at Harvard, and was graduated there 
in 1832. He was tutor in mathematics at Harvard in 1832. He 
was ordained and installed pastor of the South Church, in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, in 1833, and continued in that office 
for twenty-seven years. In 1860 he was appointed Plumer pro- 
fessor of Christian Morals in Harvard College, and preacher to 
the University. He resigned these positions in 1881. He was 
acting president of Harvard in 1862, and again in 1868-69. He 
was editor of the " North American Review " from 1853 to 1863. 
He was a frequent contributor to the "Christian Examiner," 
the "Whig Review," the "New England Magazine," the "North 
American Review," and to various other publications. He pub- 
lished a number of volumes of lectures and sermons. His most 
elaborate work, published in 1887, was entitled, "Lectures on 
Moral Philosophy." 

A very full sketch of Dr. Peabody, with a portrait, was published in 
Hurd's " History of Essex County, Massachusetts," pp. 757-761. 



122 HORATIO GATES JONES, JR. 



HORATIO GATES JONES, Jr. 

Horatio Gates Jones, Jr., a Corresponding Member from 
1852, was born in Roxborough, Pennsylvania, January 9, 1822, 
and died there, March 14, 1893. 

He was son of Rev. Horatio Gates and Deborah (Levering) 
Jones, and was descended from David 1 Jones, who came from 
Cardiganshire, Wales; through Morgan 2 , Rev. David 3 (known as 
"the fighting parson" in the Revolutionary War), and Rev. 
Horatio Gates 4 Jones, his father. 

He was educated at the Roxborough public schools, at Had- 
dington College (a preparatory school long since extinct), and at 
the University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1841. 
He was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1847, and continued 
in that profession throughout his life, his practice being largely 
in the Orphans' Court. He was for several years a member of 
the upper house of the State Legislature, where he introduced 
the "Religious Liberty Bill." 

His ample means allowed him to give much time to historical 
research, and to publish many valuable papers. Among them 
were, "Life of Andrew Bradford, the Founder of the Newspaper 
Press in the Middle States of America;" "Memoir of Henry 
Bond, M.D.;" "Diary of S. J., or Journal of a Country Baptist 
Minister;" "History of the Great Valley Baptist Church;" 
"History of the Brandy wine Baptist Church;" "Biographical 
Sketch of the Rev. David Jones, A.M.;" "History of the 
Levering Family of Roxborough;" "History of Roxborough 
and Manayunk;" "An Account of the Early Paper Manufacture 
in Pennsylvania." 

He was a member of the Pennsylvania Historical Society from 
1848, and for many years was one of its secretaries, and after- 
wards a vice-president, until his death. To that society he 



EDWARD RUPERT HUMPHREYS 123 

left all his historical papers. He was also a member of the 
American Antiquarian Society, the Western Reserve Historical 
Society, the Moravian Historical Society, and of several State 
historical societies. Brown University gave him the honorary 
degree of A.M. in 1863, and Judson University that of D.C.L. 
in 1880. 

He was president of the Philadelphia Baptist Association, 
and a trustee of Crozer Theological Seminary. He took a deep 
interest in the Welsh, and spoke their language fluently; was 
president of the Welsh Society, of Philadelphia, and bequeathed 
to it his Welsh books, and a fund for the support and relief of 
needy and deserving Welshmen. He was associated with George 
H. Stuart, of the executive committee of the United States 
Christian Commission in 1865. 

He married, May 27, 1852, Caroline Elizabeth Vassar Bab- 
cock, daughter of Rev. Rufus and Olive Bicknell (Smith) Bab- 
cock, of Poughkeepsie, New York. 



EDWARD RUPERT HUMPHREYS 

Edward Rupert Humphreys, a Resident Member from 1860, 
was born of English parentage in Dublin, Ireland, March 1, 1820, 
and died in Boston, Massachusetts, March 20, 1893. His father 
was a distinguished clergyman of the Church of England. 

After passing through the usual public-school education of 
England, he entered the University of Cambridge, where he 
attained distinction as a classical scholar. On graduating from 
the University he studied surgery and medicine, but soon de- 
voted himself to the occupation of an educator and educational 
writer. In 1844 he was made director of education of Prince 
Edward's Island. He became head master in classics in Mer- 
chiston Castle Academy, near Edinburgh, in 1848, and held a 
similar position in the ancient grammar school of Cheltenham 



124 EDWARD RUPERT HUMPHREYS 

from 1852 to 1859. In 1859 he came to Boston, and soon took 
a high place among scholars and educators. He was for three 
years an assistant editor of the " Boston Post." But his chief 
work was the preparation of young men for college. His " Col- 
legiate School" in Boston gained a high reputation, and he sent 
out from it in the long period of his educational career many 
boys who were prominent in public and professional life. He 
was an authority on any point concerning Hebrew, Greek, or 
Latin literature. 

While at Prince Edward's Island he published an edition of 
Horace, and some minor classical works. While in Scotland and 
Cheltenham he published "Lyra Latina, or Translations from 
Modern English and American Poets into various kinds of Latin 
Verse;" "Lyra Hellenica, or Translations from Modern Poets 
into Greek Iambic Verse;" " Exercitationes Iambicse, or Original 
Exercises in Greek Iambic Composition;" "The Third Decade 
of Livy, with Notes and Illustrations," 1857; also Manuals of 
"Latin and Greek Prose Composition," of "Civil Law," of "Po- 
litical Science," of "Moral Philosophy." After coming to 
America, he published "Lessons on the Liturgy of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church," 1860; "Essays on the Education of Military 
Officers," 1862; "The Higher Education of Europe and America," 
1870; "America, Past, Present, and Prospective," 1870. He was 
a prominent contributor to the "National Quarterly Review," 
and other magazines. 

He received the degree of LL.D. from King's University and 
King's College, Aberdeen, in 1850. 

He left a widow, several sons, and one married daughter. 



ASA MILLET OR MILLETT 125 



ASA MILLET or MILLETT 

Asa Millet or Millett, a Resident Member from 1865, was 
born in Leeds, Maine, June 22, 1813, and died in East Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts, March 21, 1893. 

He was descended from Thomas 1 Millet, who settled in Dor- 
chester in 1635, and afterwards in Gloucester; through Thomas 2 , 
of Leeds, Maine, and Zebulon Parsons 3 Millet, his father, who 
married Deliverance Rich, of Sandwich, Massachusetts. 

He fitted for college at Monmouth and Waterville academies 
in his native State, and took a partial course in Waterville Col- 
lege (now Colby University) in the class of 1836. After a few 
years spent in teaching he devoted himself to the study of medi- 
cine, graduating from the Medical School of Maine, at Bowdoin 
College, in 1842. He began the practice of his profession in 
Mattapoisett, Massachusetts, removing, in 1847, to East Bridge- 
water. From 1854 to 1862 he resided in Abington, and from 
1862 to 1873 in Bridgewater; returning in the latter year to 
East Bridgewater, where he remained till the close of his life. 

He was a member, and, at one time, a vice-president, of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society. He belonged also to the Society 
of the Sons of the American Revolution. He was elected by the 
Legislature to fill a vacancy, caused by resignation, on Gov- 
ernor Andrew's Council, in 1865. He served in the army for a 
short time as contract surgeon, in 1861, until sickness compelled 
him to return home; but as member of the Surgical Aid Corps he 
made several visits to the front during the progress of the war. 

He married, in 1843, Huldah Allen Byram, daughter of Cap- 
tain Branch and Anne (Washburn) Byram, of East Bridgewater. 
She survived him, with two daughters and three sons, all gradu- 
ates of Harvard, viz., Frank D., the artist, Josiah B., and 
Charles S. Millet, M. D. 



126 GEORGE CHEYNE SHATTUCK 



GEORGE CHEYNE SHATTUCK 

George Cheyne Shattuck, of Boston, a Resident Member 
from 1883, was born in Boston, July 22, 1813, and died there, 
March 22, 1893. 

He was the son of Dr. George Cheyne and Eliza (Cheever) 
Shattuck. 

He attended a grammar school in Boston and entered the 
Latin School at the age of nine, and remained there three years. 
He was then sent to the " Round Hill School," in Northampton, 
Massachusetts, under the care of Dr. Cogswell. He entered 
Harvard College in 1827, and graduated in 1831. He entered 
the Law School and studied for one year; he afterwards received 
the degree of M.D., in 1835, and almost all of his professional life 
was spent as an instructor. 

For nearly twenty years he was a professor in the Harvard 
Medical School; professor of Clinical Medicine, 1855-59, and 
professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, 1859-73. 
For a large number of these years he was the dean of the Medical 
Faculty. 

For thirty-six years he was one of the visiting physicians of the 
Massachusetts General Hospital. He was also president of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society, 1872-74. He was a fellow of 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the Ameri- 
can Statistical Society. He gave medical instruction by lec- 
tures, in St. James College, Maryland, and in Trinity College, 
Connecticut. 

He was the founder of St. Paul's School, in Concord, New 
Hampshire, and gave, during his life, $100,000, or more, for its 
advancement. 

He gave very largely to a school in Minnesota that bore his 
name. 



ABRAHAM AVERY 127 

To the Church of the Advent, where he worshiped, he made 
large donations, continually, and at one time his gift was 125,000. 

On April 9, 1840, he married Anne Henrietta Brune, of Balti- 
more, Maryland, who was the daughter of Frederick William 
and Anne (Clarke) Brune. His wife died January 6, 1894. Two 
sons and a daughter survived. 

A memoir, by his relative, Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, D.D., was published 
in the Register, vol. xlviii, pp. 277-280. 

Vide Memorial Biographies, vol. ii, pp. 164-171. 



ABRAHAM AVERY 

Abraham Avery, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1865, was born in Wilbraham, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber, 15, 1824, and died in Boston, April 3, 1893. 

He was the son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Bliss) Avery, and 
was the fourth to bear the name. 

For many years he was a member of the well-known firm of 
Rand, Avery, and Company, printers and publishers, Boston, 
from which he retired in 1877. He never entered public life, his 
tastes being for literary pursuits. The degree of Master of Arts 
was conferred upon him by Wesley an University in 1879. 

He married, November 19, 1851, Margaret Cook, daughter of 
William S. and Margaret Camp, of Middletown, Connecticut, by 
whom he had three children, two daughters surviving him. 



128 RANDALL GARDNER BURRELL 



RANDALL GARDNER BURRELL 

Randall Gardner Burrell, a Resident Member from 1872, 
was born in Bucksport, Maine, July 24, 1816, and died in Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, April 4, 1893. 

He was the son of Randall and Zillah (Smith) Burrell, and was 
descended from a long line of Cape Cod and Nantucket ancestors. 

He was educated in the schools of his native town of Bucks- 
port, and at the age of eighteen went to Bangor, Maine, and 
served an apprenticeship for the trade of carpenter and builder 
for a term of three years. He then went South and located 
at Apalachicola, Florida, where he was employed for five years ; 
after which he returned North. He located at Boston, where he 
engaged in the business of pianoforte manufacturing, in the 
establishment of Mr. Gilbert, where he remained until the "gold 
fever" of 1849. He went to California and endured the hard- 
ships until 1854, when he returned again to Boston, and resumed 
his former business. Later he was associated with Mr. Charles 
H. Dennett in the firm of " Burrell and Dennett," piano-case 
manufacturers. 

He was an active member of the Charitable Mechanic 
Association, and belonged to the Massachusetts Lodge of the 
Ancient Order of Free Masons. He was also a member and pro- 
moter of the Boston Natural History Society. 

In 1892, finding his health failing, he started on a journey to 
the South, and thence to the Pacific coast, but, on his return, 
was taken ill at Washington, where he died. He left one son, 
Dr. Herbert L. Burrell. 



BENJAMIN HOMER HALL 129 



BENJAMIN HOMER HALL 

Benjamin Homer Hall, of Troy, New York, a Corresponding 
Member from 1861, was born in Troy, November 14, 1830, and 
died there, April 6, 1893. 

He was a son of Daniel and Anjinette (Fitch) Hall. John 1 
Hall, the founder of the family in this country, came from 
Coventry, England, and settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
in 1630. He was descended from him through John 2 , Joseph 3 , 
Daniel 4 , Lot 5 , Lot 6 , and Daniel 7 Hall, his father. 

He received his early education in private schools in Troy, was 
prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachu- 
setts, and was graduated at Harvard in 1851 . While a student 
at Cambridge he published a work entitled "A Collection of 
College Words and Customs," of which a revised edition was 
called for a few years later. After his graduation he spent some 
time at the family home in Westminster, and in 1858 he pub- 
lished "A History of Eastern Vermont from its Earliest Settle- 
ment to the Close of the Eighteenth Century," an octavo volume 
of 799 pages. In 1860 he contributed an exhaustive article on 
Vermont to the Bibliography of that State, and in 1865 he edited 
" A Tribute by the Citizens of Troy to Abraham Lincoln." He 
was editor and proprietor of the "Troy Whig" for several years, 
and was a frequent contributor to the "Troy Times." 

He studied law, and was admitted to the Rensselaer County 
Bar in 1856. In 1858 he was appointed city clerk, which office 
he held for one year. In 1874 he was appointed chamberlain of 
the city, and served in that capacity till his term expired in 1877; 
and he again served from 1884 to 1888. He was at one time a 
director in the Vermont Central Railroad, and also a director in 
the old Bank of Troy, later the United National Bank; and for 



130 WILLIAM INGRAHAM KIP 

many years he was one of the leading spirits in the Young Men's 
Association, of which he was president in 1859. 

He married, June 1, 1859. Margaret M. Lane, daughter of Jacob 
L. Lane, who, with two sons and two daughters, survived him. 



WILLIAM INGRAHAM KIP 

William Ingraham Kip, a Corresponding Member from 1871 , 
was born in New York City, October 3, 1811, and died in San 
Francisco, California, April 6, 1893. 

He was descended from Hendrick DeKuype, who was sent to 
this country in 1635, by the Foreign Country Company, for the 
exploration of the northeast passage to the Indies. He soon 
returned to Holland, but left three sons in this country. William 
Ingraham Kip was the son of Leonard and Maria (Ingraham) Kip. 

He was graduated at Yale College in 1831, and he took up the 
study of law. His tastes subsequently led him to study theology, 
and four years later he graduated from the General Theological 
Seminary, New York. He was first called to St. Peter's Church, 
Morristown, New Jersey, and later served as assistant at Grace 
Church, New York. In 1838 he became rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Albany, where he remained until 1853, when he was 
chosen missionary bishop of California. He was the first bishop 
of that State for nearly forty years. 

He had decided literary tastes, and his book entitled "The 
Double Witness of the Church," reached its twenty-third thou- 
sandth edition. Other books of his were "Christmas Holidays 
in Rome," "The Lenten Fast," "Early French Missions in North 
America," "Catacombs of Rome," etc. 

He married Maria Lawrence, daughter of Isaac Lawrence, 
president of the United States Bank, New York. His wife sur- 
vived his death, with two sons, Colonel Lawrence Kip, of New 
York, and William Ingraham Kip, of San Francisco. 



HENBY TRUMAN BECK WITH 131 



HENRY TRUMAN BECKWITH 

Henry Truman Beckwith, a Life Member, elected in 1855, 
was born in Providence, Rhode Island, December 22, 1818, and 
died in Providence, April 7, 1893. He was a son of Truman and 
Alice Dexter (Brown) Beckwith. 

He was for two years a member of the class of 1838 of Brown 
University, but did not graduate. After a few years he went from 
Boston to Calcutta, as supercargo of a ship. The first voyage 
was made in 1841, and the last return voyage in 1843. He then 
spent the next two winters in Macon, Georgia, as a buyer of 
cotton. In 1845 he became bookkeeper for his father, who was 
in the cotton business, and filled this position until his death. 

He was a member of the Franklin Society and the Rhode 
Island Historical Society. He held various offices, of which the 
treasurership of the Providence Athenaeum was the most impor- 
tant. His holidays were spent in travel. He was always travel- 
ing to see things; from Westminster Abbey to a bowlder in 
Johnston. 

He kept everything, photographs, maps, letters, autographs, 
pieces of wood, brass and iron, each connected with some asso- 
ciation in his mind. He was interested in very many things; 
especially in parks. 

He was never married. His father was for many years actively 
engaged in the cotton business. He received a salary as book- 
keeper, and after his father's death kept his own books, and 
lived on the income of the handsome estate his father left him. 
When poor, and when rich, he gave away a considerable portion 
of his yearly receipts for benevolent objects. His sightseeing 
was only limited by his physical endurance. One has said of him : 
"He was a good man, certainly full of crotchets, but they were 
all innocent and most of them useful ones." 



132 BENJAMIN FRANKLIN NOURSE 



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN NOURSE 

Benjamin Franklin Nourse, a Life Member, elected in 1870, 
was born in Orrington, Maine, August 2, 1816, and died in 
Boston, April 7, 1893. 

He was descended in the seventh generation from Francis 1 and 
Rebecca Nurse, who settled in Salem in 1640. Rebecca Nurse 
was accused of witchcraft and publicly executed, and her death 
caused the reaction which terminated the delusion. His line 
continued through Samuel 2 , Samuel 3 , Francis 4 , Benjamin 5 , and 
Benjamin 6 , his father, who was married to Sally Aiken. 

He graduated from the common school when he was twelve 
years of age. He never went to college, but was a student all his 
life. He went to Apalachicola, Florida, at the age of nineteen, 
and engaged in the cotton business. A few years later he became 
a partner in the firm of Nourse and Brooks, which was for a long 
time one of the leading houses in the cotton trade in the South. 
In 1857 he removed to Boston, and continued in the cotton busi- 
ness until his death. At the beginning of the Civil War he was 
strongly urged by Jefferson Davis and other leaders in the South 
to join them, but he steadily refused, and did what he could 
with his pen and his purse to strengthen the cause of the Union. 

He served for a few years as an alderman of Apalachicola, 
and as mayor of that city. He was president of the Chamber of 
Commerce; afterwards president of the Boston Board of Trade, 
and vice-president of the National Board of Trade. He served 
as vestryman in Trinity Church, Boston, for twenty-two years. 
In 1867 he was appointed honorary United States commissioner 
to the Paris Exposition. He prepared a valuable report on the 
cotton trade, which was published by the Department of State. 
On economic questions he was regarded as an expert, and was 
frequently summoned as such before the committees of Con- 
gress. It was said that he did more than any other man, in 



EDWARD CHASE WILSON 133 

public or private life, to prepare the way for the resumption of 
specie payments. As a cotton statistician he was regarded as 
the ablest in the world. He published no books, but wrote 
much for the press on matters relating to the cotton trade, the 
tariff, currency, and other economic topics. In 1878 he was 
appointed a commissioner to the International Monetary Con- 
ference at Paris, but he was not able to accept. He married 
Laura Elizabeth Little. 



EDWARD CHASE WILSON 

Edward Chase Wilson, a Life Member, elected in 1865, was 
born in Dover, New Hampshire, February 19, 1815, and died in 
Brookline, Massachusetts, April 19, 1893. 

He was the son of John and Sarah (Chase) Wilson, and was 
descended from Michael 1 Wilson, through Miles 2 , of York, Maine, 
and John 3 Wilson, his father. 

The family removed from Dover, New Hampshire, to Bruns- 
wick, Maine, and thence to South Berwick, where, at a very 
early age, he began his business life. About the year 1840 he 
removed to Springfield, Massachusetts, where he opened the 
largest dry-goods store then to be found in the western part of 
the State. Relinquishing this business in 1849, he removed to 
Boston, where he found a wider scope for his business activity, 
and became a member of the firm of Turner, Wilson, and Com- 
pany, wholesale dealers in dry goods, subsequently Wilson, 
Hamilton, and Company. In 1866 he retired from active busi- 
ness. For over forty years his home was in Brookline, although 
he traveled extensively in Europe a portion of the time. To 
the end of his long life he maintained his interest in the current 
events of the day. 

He married, in South Berwick, Maine, June 15, 1841, 
Emmeline Griggs, of Brookline, by whom he had four daugh- 
ters and one son, William G. Wilson, of New York. 



134 JOSEPH HENKY STICKNEY 



JOSEPH HENRY STICKNEY 

Joseph Henry Stickney, a Corresponding Member from 
1882, was born in West Brookfield, Massachusetts, August 6, 
1811, and died in Baltimore, Maryland, May 3, 1893. 

He was the son of Thomas and Mary (Ward) Stickney, and of 
the seventh generation from William Stickney, who was a resi- 
dent of Boston in 1638. 

He left Hopkins Academy in Hadley, Massachusetts, and 
began a business life when about twenty years of age. After a 
year spent in Boston, as an apprertice, and a year in New York, 
he went to Baltimore, in 1834, and entered into business as a 
commission merchant. For almost sixty years he was connected 
with the business of Baltimore. He was a stanch New England 
man in a Southern city. The fact that he lived outside New 
England may have developed his interest in the history and the 
institutions of the State of his birth. 

He prepared and published a pamphlet entitled, "The Town- 
ship System, with a Consideration of its Advantages." He also 
published pamphlets relating to the Colonial Period of New Eng- 
land history. He succeeded in establishing in Baltimore, a New 
England church, after the faith and polity of the Puritans. 

He was one of the generous and regular contributors to the 
various monuments to the Pilgrims. It was his custom for 
many years to make an annual visit to Plymouth; and it was 
by his advice and pecuniary aid, in a large degree, that so much 
was done to gather and preserve the memorials of the Fathers 
of New England. 

He was never married. He left $1,000 as a bequest to this 
Society, besides many other bequests for historical objects. 



DAVID CLAPP 135 



DAVID CLAPP 

David Clapp, of Boston, for many years the printer of the 
Register, was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, February 6, 
1806, and died in Boston, May 10, 1893, aged eighty-seven 
years. 

His ancestry is traced in the Clapp genealogy, which he printed, 
his line being Nicholas 1 , of Dorchester, England, and Dorchester, 
New England, Nathaniel 2 , Jonathan 3 , David 4 , and David 5 , his 
father. David 8 was the son of David 5 and Azubah (Capen) 
Clapp. 

The writer of this sketch was very well acquainted with David 
Clapp, the printer, — as he was familiarly called, — and can 
bear testimony to the excellence and generosity of his character, 
and to the obligation he was under to him for many kind favors. 
When I first knew him, many years ago, he had in his employ 
many aged men, who had been in his office for very many years, 
and who from their appearance had come down from a previous 
generation. Some of these, I was told, had served him for fifty 
years, for thirty years, and so on, down to briefer periods. In 
his serene disposition there was much charity and forgiveness 
for the faults of others, — and it was the universal verdict of all 
his helpers that he was a good employer; and he retained his 
help during their lives. Such a man, in his quiet way, was a 
benefactor to the community; and he, himself, worked along 
with his workers to the last of his life. He was a particularly 
faithful and skillful proof-reader, eminently practical, and a good 
one to serve under or to learn from. 

For a period of fourteen years I was daily in his office; but, 
as I understand, very little is known of his early life; he was not 
a talker, but when occasion suggested it, he would express in a 
few words the remembrance of some incident which had im- 



136 DAVID CLAPP 

pressed him in his youthful days. For instance, the coarseness 
of speech, and the rude actions of some who attended the old- 
fashioned military muster. He also expressed admiration for the 
pastor of his early days, the Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris. 
There is not the slightest doubt that Mr. Clapp was brought up 
under the best of influences. He was undoubtedly a good boy, as 
well, as he afterwards proved to be a good man. He was con- 
scientious and studious, as well as a lovable character. He was 
excellent in spelling, as a child, when he took a prize for his supe- 
riority in that art. He went forth from a plain and simple home, 
as well as attended a plain and simple school. 

At first he went to work in a tannery, for %1 a month. In 
1820, when fourteen years old, he engaged to serve a Mr. James 
White, for $5 a month. He then began to keep a diary, in 
which the spelling, punctuation, and composition were remark- 
able; much of it suitable to put in print without alteration or 
correction. He renewed his schooling with " Master" Pierce, 
and later returned to Mr. White. In 1822, at the age of sixteen, 
he became an apprentice at the printing business, with John 
Cotton, Jr., of Boston, and boarded in Water Street. 

He began early on book work in that office, and for a time 
worked alone in the composing-room. He later formed a part- 
nership under the name of Clapp and Hull ; next under the name 
of D. Clapp, Jr., and Company; next under his own name from 
1834 to 1861; he having been located at No. 184 Washington 
Street, corner of Washington and Franklin Streets — as a worker 
and proprietor for thirty-nine years. Later he was located at 
No. 564 Washington Street, later at No. 35 Bedford Street, later 
at No. 115 High Street. 

In 1864 his son, John Cotton Clapp, was taken into partner- 
ship, and has continued the old firm. Mr. Clapp, Sr., retired 
from active business in 1892. 

The "Boston Directory" was printed in the office of this firm 
from 1829 to 1846, and the "New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register," from 1866 to 1906. A specialty of genealogi- 
cal, historical, and medical publications has been their forte, and 



DAVID CLAPP 137 

much pamphlet and book work has borne their imprint. Mr. 
David Clapp was, in a sense, the sponsor, if not the actual author, 
of the volume on his own family, entitled the "Clapp Memorial;" 
and to my certain knowledge, he wrote, or rewrote, much of the 
material furnished for it. Among many other works he printed 
the " History of the Cutter Family," and also printed and pub- 
lished Cutter's " History of Arlington;" these works being the 
first occasion of my long acquaintance with him. Among other 
works during my active connection with his office, he printed 
the "Peirce Genealogy," by General Peirce of the Old Colony; 
the " Preble Genealogy," by Admiral Preble; the " Chandler 
Genealogy," nearly all of which was destroyed in one of the 
great Boston fires; and the " Boston Medical and Surgical 
Journal," a successor of the " Medical Intelligencer," which he 
began printing in 1823. Of this medical periodical he> became 
the owner in 1834, and it remained in his hands till 1874, when 
he sold it to a company. 

Mr. Clapp was a Resident Member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society from 1866. 

He was married, April 9, 1835, to Mary Elizabeth Tucker, of 
Milton, Massachusetts. They had six children, all of whom sur- 
vived his death. His widow died October 2, 1893, aged eighty- 
five. 

For an estimate of Mr. Clapp's ability as a proof-reader, see statement by- 
David W. Lothrop, in Register, xlviii : 154-155. An extended memoir of 
Mr. Clapp, by William Blake Trask, A.M., was printed in the Register, vol. 
xlviii, pp. 145-156, and was afterwards published separately in an enlarged 
form. 



138 GEORGE CHANDLER 



GEORGE CHANDLER 

George Chandler, a Life Member, elected in 1858, was born 
in Pomfret, Connecticut, April 28, 1806, and died in Worcester, 
Massachusetts, May 17, 1893. 

He was the son of Major John Wilkes and Mary (Stedman) 
Chandler, and a descendant of the sixth generation from William 
and Annis Chandler, who came to Roxbury in 1637. 

At the age of seventeen he was a student in the academy in 
Dudley, Massachusetts, and was afterwards in the academies at 
Leicester, Massachusetts, and Woodstock, Connecticut. He 
entered Brown University in 1826. Two years later he entered 
Union College, where he was graduated in 1829. He received 
his medical degree from Yale College in 1831. 

He began the practice of medicine in Worcester. The larger 
part of his professional life was devoted to the care of the insane, 
first at the State Lunatic Hospital in Worcester, where he was 
the assistant of Dr. S. B. Woodward from 1833 to 1842. In 1842 
he was appointed superintendent of the State Lunatic Asylum 
in Concord, New Hampshire. In 1846 he was recalled to Worces- 
ter, to succeed Dr. Woodward. He was at the head of this hos- 
pital for ten years. 

He retired from professional service at a comparatively early 
age, and devoted the remainder of his life to travel, and to his- 
torical and literary pursuits. He made two extended trips to 
Europe and the East, each keeping him from home about two 
years. 

He was a member of the American Antiquarian Society, and 
of the Massachusetts Medical Society. In 1859 he was one of 
the representatives of the city of Worcester in the General Court. 
In 1862 he responded to the call for volunteer surgeons, and 
went to Fortress Monroe. 



CHARLES MORRIS BLAKE 139 

He devoted much time to the collection of materials, and 
to a genealogy of the Chandler family; and a book of 
1,238 pages had been printed, and was in the binder's hands, 
when the whole edition, except forty-one copies, which had been 
delivered to him, was destroyed in the Great Boston Fire of 1872. 
After a short respite from his labors, he resumed work on the 
genealogy, and in 1883 a new edition of 1,323 pages was issued. 

He was twice married. First, on May 4, 1852, to Josephine 
Rose, who died in 1868, leaving two children. Second, on April 
8, 1874, to MaryE. Douglass, the widow of Charles D. Wheeler. 
She survived him. 



CHARLES MORRIS BLAKE 

Charles Morris Blake, of San Francisco, California, a Cor- 
responding Member from 1880, was born in Brewer, now Hold en, 
Maine, December 24, 1819, and died in San Francisco, June 3, 
1893. 

He was the son of Charles and Mary (Winchester) Blake, and 
descended from William 1 Blake, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
through Edward 2 , Jonathan 3 , John 4 , John 5 , and Charles 6 Blake, 
his father. 

He graduated at Bowdoin College in 1842, and at Jefferson 
Medical College in 1845. He studied theology under Dr. Albert 
Barnes, of Philadelphia, and in 1855 was ordained a Presby- 
terian minister at Valparaiso, Chili, where, for several years, he 
was pastor and preacher to the Scotch miners. In 1849 he went 
to California, and from 1851 to 1857 was the editor of the " Pacific 
News" in San Francisco. He received the degree of M.D. from 
the University of California in 1876. He was commissioned chap- 
lain of United States Volunteers in 1861. In 1863 he received 
a commission as captain of the Third United States Colored 
Troops, and was wounded in the head at the siege of Fort Wagner. 



140 HENRY DELEVAN PAINE 

From the effects of this wound he suffered the remainder of his 
life. Later, he again served as chaplain at various hospitals and 
posts, being a greater part of the time on the frontier. In 1882 
he became a resident of San Francisco, 

For many years he was interested in genealogy, and freely 
expended money and labor in tracing the lineage, not only of the 
Blakes, but also of other families, in which he was specially 
interested. To him the credit belongs of making known the exist- 
ence of the records of the baptism and marriage of William 
Blake, the emigrant to New England, which were found at Pit- 
minster parish, Somerset County, England. 

He married, August 18, 1844, Charlotte A. Farrington. Of his 
five children, two only survived, Charles E. Blake and Charlotte 
A. Brown, both of them physicians in San Francisco. 



HENRY DELEVAN PAINE 

Henry Delevan Paine, of New York, a Corresponding Mem- 
ber of this Society since 1857, was born in Delhi, Delaware 
County, New York, June 19, 1816, and died in New York, June 
11, 1893. His earliest ancestor in this country was Stephen 
Paine, who came to New England in 1638, and settled in Hing- 
ham. He removed to Rehoboth in 1641. The line of descent 
has been as follows: Stephen 1 , Stephen 2 , Stephen 3 , Stephen 4 , 
Ezra 5 , Asahel Ellsworth 6 , M.D., married Anna Beers, died 1821, 
Henry Delevan 7 , M.D. 

Dr. Henry Delevan Paine was the son of a reputable physician. 
He received an English and classical education at Delaware 
Academy, Delhi. At the age of sixteen he went to New York, 
and entered the office of Dr. Amos G. Hull, an eminent physician 
of that day. He was graduated from the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of New York in 1838. He began the practice of 
medicine in Newburgh, on the Hudson. In 1848 he removed to 



HENRY DELE VAN PAINE 141 

Albany, and in 1865 to the city of New York. During his resi- 
dence of almost twenty years in Albany, he acquired a large 
practice, and became a leader among physicians of the homoeo- 
pathic school. He was one of the founders of the American Insti- 
tute of Homoeopathy in 1844, and of the State Homoeopathic 
Medical Society in 1850. He was a professor for a number of 
years in the New York Homoeopathic Medical College. In 1880 
he was appointed by the regents of the University of the State 
of New York a member of the First State Board of Medical 
Examiners. 

He was a frequent contributor to the journals of his school of 
medicine. He visited Europe, with his family, in 1884, and 
remained abroad two years. Dr. Paine gave much time to genea- 
logical studies. He was concerned in the publication of the 
"Paine Family Register" in 1858 and 1859, and of the "Paine 
Family Records," 1878-1882. He was a devout member of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. 

Dr. Paine was twice married. His first wife was Eliza Hale, 
daughter of Elisha Hale, of Newburgh. They had two children. 
His wife died in 1854, and in 1858 he married Lucy, daughter of 
Hon. Albert Gallup, of Albany, by whom he had a son, Henry G. 
Paine, who was the managing editor of "Harper's Weekly." 



142 ABBOTT LAWRENCE 



ABBOTT LAWRENCE 

Abbott Lawrence, a Resident Member from 1874, was bom 
in Boston, Massachusetts, September 9, 1828, and died in Nahant, 
Massachusetts, July 6, 1893. 

He was the son of Abbott and Katherine (Bigelow) Lawrence, 
and of the seventh generation from John 1 Lawrence, who came 
to Watertown in 1635; through Deacon Nathaniel 2 , John 3 , 
Lieutenant Amos 4 , Major Samuel 5 , and Hon. Abbott 6 Lawrence, 
his father. 

He was prepared for college in the Boston public schools and 
was graduated from Harvard University in 1849. He pursued a 
course of study in the Law School, and did not engage in the 
practice of the law, but for about ten years, was a member of a 
firm engaged in manufacturing. For many years he was presi- 
dent of one of the largest manufacturing corporations in the 
city of Lawrence. He was also a director in several other corpo- 
rations, and gave a large part of his time to a careful supervision 
of their affairs. 

He spent several years in foreign travel, and found time for 
literary work and historical investigations. He edited the 
"Diary" of his maternal grandfather, Timothy Bigelow, a noted 
lawyer of Groton, which was published in 1876. He was a mem- 
ber of a number of historical societies. 

He married, April 12, 1853, Harriette, daughter of J. W. Paige, 
of Boston. They had six children. 



ALEXANDER GREGG 143 



ALEXANDER GREGG 

Alexander Gregg, of Austin, Texas, a Corresponding Mem- 
ber of this Society since 1876, was born at Society Hill, Darling- 
ton District, South Carolina, October 8, 1819, son of David and 
Athalinda (Brocky) Gregg, grandson of Captain James and 
Mary (Wilson) Gregg, and great-grandson of John and Elinor 
Gregg, of Williamsburg, South Carolina. He was graduated 
with the highest honors of the South Carolina College, at Colum- 
bia, in 1838, studied law, was admitted to the Bar, and opened 
an office at Cheraw, South Carolina. A course of historical read- 
ing led to a change in his conception of duty, and he became a 
candidate for orders in the diocese of South Carolina, was or- 
dained deacon in 1846, priest in 1847, and bishop in 1859. In 
1847 he was called to the rectorship of St. David's Church, 
Cheraw, and remained there till his election by the diocese of 
Texas, in 1859, as their first bishop. He was consecrated at 
Richmond, Virginia, in 1859, and straightway departed for his 
bishopric. He organized the new diocese and remained its 
bishop for thirty-three years. He died at Austin, Texas, on 
July 10, 1893. 

Bishop Gregg's ancestry was from the Scotch Presbyterians, 
who were placed, by Oliver Cromwell, in possession of the north- 
ern section of Ireland after the battle of Drogheda. A century 
later, in 1752, John and Joseph Gregg obtained from the pro- 
vincial authorities of South Carolina grants of large tracts of 
land on the waters of the Pedee River, in that province. With 
their associates they constituted the colony of Williamsburg. 
John Gregg was the father of four sons and three daughters. As 
a family they had no special loyalty for the House of Hanover. 
They entered heartily into measures for the defense of the rights 
of the people, resisted the Stamp Act, and other aggressions of 



144 ALEXANDER GREGG 

the king's cabinet, and on the outbreak of hostilities rendered 
efficient service under General Marion. Before the war was 
fairly afoot in South Carolina, John Gregg died, near the close of 
the year 1775. He was the bishop's great-grandfather. His 
grandfather, Captain James Gregg, lived on the west side of the 
Pedee River, and was an earnest and valuable officer in the Amer- 
ican Revolution. He married Charlotte Kollock, of Cheraw, 
whose father went to South Carolina from Wrentham, Massa- 
chusetts, and married a southern lady. 

Bishop Gregg had five sons and two daughters, and perhaps 
others who died young. 

Besides his work in his chosen profession, Bishop Gregg was 
the author of an historical work, the more gratifying that it was 
thoroughly local, and preserved from oblivion the character and 
deeds of men of a high order of nobility of character, dwellers in 
a locality removed from the scene of important military action, 
but unfaltering in their devotion to the spirit of liberty. This 
work was entitled " History of the Old Cheraws." He was 
author, also, of several papers in magazines and encyclopedias on 
various historical features of Texas and the church in the South- 
west. In 1859 he was honored with the degree of D.D., which 
was followed by that of LL.D. He was chancellor of the Univer- 
sity of the South, at Sewanee, Tennessee. His popularity in 
his diocese extended far beyond the limits of the church. The 
length of his incumbency, the wisdom of his administration, his 
courtesy and kindliness of spirit towards all, warranted the 
epithet with which he was honored, "The best loved man in 
Texas." 



CHARLES COLCOCK JONES 145 



ETHAN NELSON COBURN 

Ethan Nelson Coburn, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member, elected in 1871, was born in Fairlee, Vermont, 
April 13, 1821, and died in Charlestown, July 13, 1893. 

He was a son of Lemuel and Hannah (Post) Coburn. 

He was an undertaker at Charlestown, and long prominent as 
a citizen. For many years he was a member of the Board of 
Overseers of the Poor, and in 1873 was a member and chairman 
of the Common Council — the last council of the separate city 
government of Charlestown. He was one of the committee^that 
edited and printed the two volumes of the late Thomas B. 
Wyman's " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown." He de- 
voted much attention to the collection of genealogical and his- 
torical works, and had a profound knowledge of published 
Americana. He was a great reader; fluent in conversation, and 
widely conversant with Charlestown history. 

He married, April 23, 1845, Huldah Ellen Bruce, by whom he 
had six children. 



CHARLES COLCOCK JONES 

Charles Colcock Jones, a Corresponding Member from 1883, 

was born in Savannah, Georgia, October 20, 1831, and died in 

Summerville, Georgia, July 19, 1893. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Jones, by William Harden, see Register, 
vol. liv, supp., pp. lii-liv. 



146 RICHARD MANNING CHIPMAN 



RICHARD MANNING CHIPMAN 

Richard Manning Chipman, a Corresponding Member from 
1848, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, January 12, 1806, and 
died in Devon, Pennsylvania, August 15, 1893. 

He was a son of Richard Manning and Elizabeth (Gray) Chip- 
man, and was descended from John 1 Chipman, through Deacon 
Samuel 2 , Rev. John 3 (Harvard College, 1711), Captain Samuel 4 , 
John 5 , and Deacon Richard Manning 6 Chipman, his father. 

He was educated at Kimball Union Academy, Dartmouth 
College, 1832, and Princeton Theological Seminary. He was 
pastor at Harwinton, Connecticut, 1835-39 ; at Athol, Massachu- 
setts, 1839-51; at Guilford, Connecticut, 1852-58; acting pastor 
at Wolcottville, 1859-61; at Middle Haddam, 1861-63; at Hyde 
Park, Massachusetts, 1864-66; at East Granby, Connecticut, 
1866-70; at Lisbon, 1871-79; without charge, Hyde Park, Massa- 
chusetts, 1879-83: at Philadelphia, with his son Richard Harri- 
son Chipman, after. 

His interest and skill in genealogical studies was unabated 
through life. He published a record of the Chipman line, also, 
"A Discourse on Ecclesiastical Prosperity," 1839; "On Free 
Discussion," 1839; "On the Maintenance of Moral Purity," 1841 ; 
"Memoir of Eli Thorp," 1842: and "History of Harwinton, 
Connecticut," 1860. 

He married, June 1, 1835, Mary, daughter of Rev. Frederick 
and Elizabeth (Bunnell) Harrison, of Roxbury, Connecticut, who 
died March 28, 1893. 



JOHN JAMES BELL 147 



JOHN JAMES BELL 

John James Bell, a Resident Member from 1868, was born 
in Chester, New Hampshire, October 30, 1827, and died in Man- 
chester, New Hampshire, August 22, 1893. 

He was the son of Samuel D. Bell, LL.D., chief justice of New 
Hampshire, and a grandson of Samuel Bell, LL.D., justice of the 
Superior Court, governor of the State, and United States Senator. 

He received a thorough academical education, and was grad- 
uated from the Harvard Law School in 1827. He received the 
degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College. 

He was president of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
and a member of the American Antiquarian Society. He had a 
great fondness for historical studies, and he delivered a number 
of valuable historical addresses. He was an able lawyer, though 
his tastes led him to turn aside from his profession at various 
times. He was, for some years, a prominent member of the 
Legislature of New Hampshire, and also a member of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of that State. He was president of a num- 
ber of railroads, and a director in several business corporations. 

He married, April 13, 1881, Cora L. Kent, of Exeter, who 
survived him. 



148 CHARLES WILLIAM PARSONS 



CHARLES WILLIAM PARSONS 

Charles William Parsons, a Resident Member from 1881, 
was born in Providence, Rhode Island, September 6, 1823, and 
died there September 2, 1893. 

He was a son of Dr. Usher Parsons, who had charge of the sick 
and wounded at the battle of Lake Erie, and who was a vice- 
president of this Society. His mother was Mary Jackson 
(Holmes) Parsons, a daughter of Rev. Abiel Holmes, D.D., of 
Cambridge, and a sister of Oliver Wendell Holmes. He was 
descended from Joseph Parsons^ who settled in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1635, and afterwards resided in Northampton. 

Losing his mother before he was two years old, he became a 
member of his grandfather's family at Cambridge, where he had 
his home for many years. Such was his progress in the pre- 
scribed course of study that he became a member of the Fresh- 
man class of Harvard College before he was fifteen years of age. 
After receiving his academic and medical degrees from Harvard, 
he became associated with his father in the practice of medicine 
in the city of Providence, where he spent the rest of his life. 

His favorite resorts in Providence were the Athenaeum, the 
College Library, and the Historical Cabinet. His numerous 
brief essays upon a variety of interesting subjects were well 
written. He did much to honor his profession and promote the 
cause of good learning, history, science, and humanity. He 
received honors from Brown University, Rhode Island Medical 
Society, Rhode Island Historical Society, and other institutions 
in and out of the State. 

He married, in 1853, Mary Hallowell, daughter of John Lane 
Boylston. She died in 1887. 



FREDERICK LOTHROP AMES 149 



FREDERICK LOTHROP AMES 

Frederick Lothrop Ames, the only son of Oliver and Sarah 
(Lothrop) Ames, was born in North Easton, Massachusetts, 
June 8, 1835, and died while passing over Long Island Sound, 
September 13, 1893. 

The first of his ancestors in America was William Ames, who 
came in 1635 from Bruton, in Somersetshire, England, to Brain- 
tree in the Massachusetts Colony. His line of descent from 
him was: William 1 , John 2 , Thomas 3 , Thomas 4 , John 5 , Oliver 6 , 
Oliver 7 , Frederick Lothrop 8 . His mother was a daughter of 
Hon. Howard Lothrop, of Easton, and sister of George Van Ness 
Lothrop, United States minister to Russia, under the first ad- 
ministration of President Cleveland. Mr. Ames was descended 
in the sixth generation from Urian Oakes, the fourth president of 
Harvard College. Hon. Oakes Ames was his uncle, and Ex- 
Governor Oliver Ames was his cousin. 

Captain John Ames, the great-grandfather of Frederick L. 
Ames, was the beginner in a small way, as a maker of shovels in 
West Bridgewater, of what has become one of the most extensive 
and noted of the industries of New England : carried on at North 
Easton first by Oliver Ames & Sons, — the sons being Oakes 
and Oliver Ames, — and, since a reorganization in 1876, under 
the title of Oliver Ames & Sons Corporation. 

Educated in the wholesome home training and neighborhood 
schools of Easton at the start, then for a time in a school in Con- 
cord, Massachusetts, and afterward fitted for college in the 
famous preparatory school at Exeter, New Hampshire, Phillips 
Academy, he passed from that school to Harvard College, and 
was graduated in 1854. 

At his graduation his inclination was to the study of law. 
But there was a call for him in the large family business. Yield- 



150 FREDERICK LOTHROP AMES 

ing his own preference to his father's wishes, he took his place 
with his older kinsmen, and engaged at once in the service of the 
company at North Easton, making himself acquainted with 
their already widely extended and still extending business enter- 
prises. He became a member of the firm in 1863, and its treas- 
urer in 1876, when the reorganization took place. This office he 
continued to fill to the end of his life. At the death of his father, 
which occurred March 9, 1877, he succeeded to his position as the 
head of the house. His advance as a man of business was from 
the first steady and sure, soon carrying him beyond the limits of 
the manufacturing plant at North Easton. Among the many 
New England men who have distinguished themselves in their 
section of the country by building up an exceptional prosperity, 
he has had few equals in the capacity for seeing with a clear 
judgment and grasping with a firm hand the conditions of suc- 
cess. The construction of railroads in all parts of the country 
was developing its resources, and these resources as they were 
developed demanded additional facilities for transportation and 
travel. Vast capabilities for opening and improving unoccupied 
regions presented themselves to far-seeing men. And now the 
country, plunged suddenly into a civil conflict for very exist- 
ence, had desperate need of expeditious communication between 
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. But such enterprises involved 
extraordinary risks. Among the most sagacious of those who 
comprehended both the magnitude and the importance of these 
enterprises, and, at the same time, the risks, were the brothers, 
Oakes and Oliver Ames. Patriotic observers all over the land 
welcomed their aid, applauded and endorsed their leadership. 
Frederick L. Ames was of the same blood. Not rashly, but 
boldly, he entered this field, took on himself with a rare coolness 
and confidence, heavy responsibilities in undertakings, the re- 
sults of which even the sanguine scarcely ventured to predict. 
His expectations were justified. And so conspicuously was his 
ability manifested, so approved his foresight by events, that 
his cooperation was sought at all points by those who 
had large, complicated, and difficult projects of this nature 



FREDERICK LOTHROP AMES 151 

in hand, till "he held directorship in about threescore rail- 
road companies." 

To some of these solicitations, widely away from the trans- 
actions of business, he lent a sympathetic ear, accepting official 
trusts and responsibilities in educational, charitable, and re- 
ligious organizations, in which he took a sincere interest, bringing 
to them the clear head, so necessary as the complement to the 
warm heart. He was president of the Home for Incurables, a 
trustee of the Children's Hospital, of the Massachusetts General 
Hospital, of the McLean Insane Asylum, and "was very con- 
stant and faithful in his duties to those institutions.' ' He was a 
fellow of Harvard College, and, as a loyal son, was devising 
liberal things for her benefit, the fulfilment of which only his 
death prevented. He was a stanch upholder of his church, and 
both Unity Church in North Easton and the First Church in 
Boston had his reverent affection and support. 

Mr. Ames was as far as possible from a devotee to the accu- 
mulation and dispensing of wealth. As his most intimate friends 
describe him, there were in him not only the elements of the 
naturalist and the artist, of the student of literature and disciple 
of science; these had a developed life in him, and a leading in- 
fluence with him. In the thick of his busiest engagements they 
claimed a just portion of his time, had his care, showed their 
ruling presence in his conversation and in his character. He not 
only let the accomplished architect build for him : he meditated 
and studied the structure for himself as an idealist. He not only 
bought and placed the picture that others approved and admired: 
he too admired it, and knew wherein it was admirable. He not 
only spent money in beautifying his grounds ; he did not leave it 
all to the gardener: he selected among the things that might 
grow there what his taste preferred, and caressed his favorites. 
His books not only ornamented his shelves: he had them down 
and read them. When he came home he left his business out- 
side, not seeming merely to have turned in for rest and refitting 
for the next campaign among the competitors for fame or for- 
tune. He was a politician in the best sense, in that he loved his 



152 EDWARD DUFFIELD NEILL 

country, studied its institutions and policies, and put himself at 

its service in any place where he was needed. Mr. Ames was 

elected a Resident Member of the Society, January 5, 1881, and 

became a Life Member in 1885. 

On June 7, 1860, Mr. Ames was married to Rebecca Caroline, 

only child of James Blair, of St. Louis, Missouri. Six children 

were born to them, of whom five survived his decease, namely, 

Helen Angier, the wife of Robert C. Hooper, of Boston; Oliver, 

who married Elise A. West, of Boston; Mary Shreve; Lothrop; 

and John Stanley. 

For a memoir of Mr. Ames, with portrait, see Register, vol. xlix, pp. 
273-275. 



EDWARD DUFFIELD NEILL 

Edward Duffield Neill, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, a Cor- 
responding Member from 1877, was born in Philadelphia, August 
9, 1823, and died in Minneapolis, September 26, 1893. 

He was the son of Dr. Henry and Maria (Duffield) Neill, and 
was descended from John 1 Neill, who settled in Delaware in 
1739, through Dr. John 2 , and Dr. Henry 3 Neill, his father. 

He entered upon his college course at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, but was graduated at Amherst College in 1842. He 
was a student at Andover Theological Seminary one year, and 
completed his theological studies under Rev. Albert Barnes 
and Rev. Dr. Thomas Brainard, of Philadelphia. He was or- 
dained in Illinois in 1848, and organized the First Presbyterian 
Church in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1849, and remained there until 
1855. In latter years he left the Presbyterian Church, and was 
connected with the Reformed Episcopal Church. 

The most important work of his life was performed in con- 
nection with schools and colleges, and in historical literature. 
He took the lead in establishing schools in St. Paul, and in 1853 



JOHN SAMUEL HILL FOGG 153 

founded the Baldwin School, and later the College of St. Paul, 
of which he was president. He was chancellor of the University 
of Minnesota, 1858-61. During the Civil War he served as chap- 
lain of a Minnesota regiment, and in 1864 he became one of 
President Lincoln's private secretaries. 

In 1869 he was appointed consul to Dublin, Ireland. He re- 
signed this position after two years, and returned to his adopted 
State. He founded Macalister College, and was its president 
from 1872 to 1884. Later, he served the same college as pro- 
fessor of History, Literature, and Political Economy. 

In 1858 he published a " History of Minnesota;" and in 1867, 
" Threads of Maryland Colonial History;" in 1868, " Virginia 
Vetusta;" in 1871, " English Colonization of America;" in 1876, 
" Founders of Maryland;" in 1885, "Virginia under James the 
First ; " and in 1886, " Virginia Carolorum." He was a prominent 
member of the Minnesota Historical Society, and made many 
contributions to its publications. 

Lafayette College conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity in 1866. 

He married, October 4, 1847, Nancy Hall, of Snow Hill, Mary- 
land, who survived him. 



JOHN SAMUEL HILL FOGG 

John Samuel Hill Fogg was a native of Eliot, Maine, and 
bore the names of his grandfathers. The immigrant ancestor of 
the family was Samuel Fogg, who settled at Hampton, New 
Hampshire, in 1638, and remained a citizen there till his death 
in 1672. His farm, known as Bride Hill, is still held in the family, 
possession passing by inheritance. No deed of conveyance has 
covered the property since the original grant. By his wife Anne, 
daughter of Roger and Anne Shaw, he had a family of four sons 
and one daughter, of whom the youngest, Daniel 2 Fogg, born at 



154 JOHN SAMUEL HILL FOGG 

Hampton, 1660, became a blacksmith, and removed about 1680 
to Black Point (Scarborough), Maine, where he married Hannah, 
daughter of John Libby. The incursions of Indians forced re- 
moval, and he was at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, for a period ; 
but in 1700 he purchased a farm on Sturgeon Creek, in that 
part of Kittery, now Eliot, Maine. There he remained till his 
death in 1755. He was an original member of the Sturgeon 
Creek (Congregational) Church, organized in 1721. His family 
of nine children were severally born at Scarborough, Portsmouth, 
and Kittery. The youngest of the family, James 3 Fogg, born at 
Kittery, 1704, married Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon James 
and Mary (Woodman) Fernald, of Kittery, inherited the home- 
stead and passed his life on it as a farmer. He died in 1787. His 
family of ten children consisted of four sons and six daughters, 
of whom the youngest surviving, John 4 Fogg, born at Kittery, 
1731, married Abigail, daughter of Deacon William and Kath- 
erine (Rogers) Leighton, continued the occupancy of the home- 
stead and the ancestral occupation of husbandry, till his decease 
in 1827. He had a family of nine children, of whom William 5 
Fogg, born at Kittery, 1790, married Elizabeth Deed, only child 
of Samuel and Rebekah Hill, of Eliot. He inherited a portion of 
the paternal homestead and cultivated it till his death. He was 
a prominent citizen, filling various public offices. Of his family 
of five children, the only one who married was the subject of this 
notice, John Samuel Hill 6 Fogg, born at Eliot, May 21, 1826. 
He was educated at the South Berwick Academy, Bowdoin Col- 
lege, and Harvard Medical School. He married first, 1850, Sarah 
Frances, daughter of Captain John 5 Stockbridge and Frances 9 
Gordon, of Exeter, New Hampshire, who deceased in 1870. 
They had three sons born in Boston, viz. : William John Gordon 7 
Fogg, born 1851, was graduated at Harvard, A.B. 1873, M.D. 
1876; married, 1880, Ella Frances, daughter of Henry E. and 
Louise Bradlee, of Calais, Maine. He died February 27, 1894 
Charles Joseph Fogg, born 1853 died 1856. Francis Joseph 
Fogg, born 1857, died March 10, 1871, a pupil in the Boston 
Latin School. 



JOHN SAMUEL HILL FOGG 155 

Dr. Fogg married second, 1872, Mary Griselda, daughter of 
Rev. Joseph Hart Clinch, D.D., rector of St. Matthew's Church, 
South Boston, who survived him. 

Dr. Fogg settled in the practice of his profession in South 
Boston directly upon graduation in medicine, and practiced his 
profession with conspicuous success till he was disabled by paral- 
ysis. He represented the city of Boston in the Legislature of 
1855. He served on the school committee from 1869 continu- 
ously to 1873. He became a member of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society in 1858, and remained such to the close 
of his life. On the retirement from his professional duties he 
entered with zeal upon genealogical and historical study and 
investigation, and achieved a remarkable success. He inherited 
a strong love for history from his father, who was conspicuous 
as a local historian. Dr. Fogg, with indefatigable industry, col- 
lected valuable documents. He possessed the rare faculty of 
rightly estimating such values. He was seldom at fault in his 
judgment, and became a skilled expert in matters of colonial 
history, and the personalities of the prominent men of those days. 
Bright in intellect, cheerful in spirit, patient in suffering, he never 
flinched from acceptance of the awful affliction which visited him. 

Dr. Fogg increased the moderate patrimony which he inherited, 
and left, subject to the life interest of his widow, a considerable 
property to public uses in his native town, and to the Historical 
Society, of Maine. He died at his residence in South Boston, on 
Monday, October 16, 1893. 



156 JAMES ROBINSON NEWHALL 



JAMES ROBINSON NEWHALL 

James Robinson Newhall, of Lynn, a Resident Member of 
this Society, elected 1883, was born in Lynn, December 25, 1809, 
and died in Lynn, October 24, 1893. 

He was a descendant of Thomas Newhall, who came from Eng- 
land in 1630, and settled in Lynn a year or two after the town 
was begun. His second son, Thomas, born in 1631, was the first 
white child born in Lynn. His son, Joseph, was born 1658. He 
is said to have perished in a great snowstorm. His son, Benja- 
min, was born in 1698. He had fourteen children. His son, 
James, born in 1731, was a magistrate. He was the father of 
Benjamin, born in 1774, who was the father of Judge Newhall, 
the historian of Lynn, of whom we are writing. The family of 
Newhall is very numerous in Lynn. At one period there were 
eight men there who bore the name of James Newhall, not one 
of whom had a middle name. 

Judge Newhall was a self-made man. His father had a large 
family to provide for, and his mother died when he was a child. 
He left home, to make his way in the world, at the age of eleven. 
He attended the public schools as much as he was able; but in 
his fifteenth year he entered the office of the " Salem Gazette," 
to learn printing. Before he was twenty-one he was employed as 
foreman in one of the principal book offices in Boston. In 1829 
he was employed in the "Confidence" office in New York. At 
the age of twenty-two he returned to Lynn, and was employed 
in the office of the " Mirror." He afterward purchased the office, 
and was for some years engaged in the printing and newspaper 
business. In 1844 he began the study of the law, and was ad- 
mitted to the Bar in 1847. He opened an office in Lynn, and 
secured a good business as a lawyer. In 1869 he was commis- 
sioned as judge of the Lynn Police Court, an office which he held 



FRANKLIN HAVEN 157 

for ten years. In 1882 he took an extended tour abroad, visiting 
the most important cities in Europe. 

Mr. Newhall was not much in public life excepting as judge of 
the Police Court. He was, however, at one time chairman of the 
School Board, and president of the Common Council. He de- 
voted a large part of his time, in his late years, to historical 
studies. He published " Lin; or Jewels of the Third Plantation,' ' 
a book which George W. Curtis compared to the Sketch Book, 
by Washington Irving. The " History of Lynn," published in 
1865, bears on its title-page the names of Alonzo Lewis and 
James R. Newhall. A large part of this work is from the pen of 
Judge Newhall. He also published " Centennial Addresses" in 
1876, and " Lynn — Her First Two Hundred and Fifty Years," 
by invitation of the city authorities, at the anniversary in 1879. 
He contributed to the History of Essex County and to that of 
Worcester County. His " Annals of Lynn," published in 1883, 
brought the history of the city to that date. He was for several 
years president of the Lynn Press Association. 

He was twice married. In October, 1837, he married Dorcas 
B. Brown, of Salem. His second wife was Elizabeth Campbell, 
daughter of the late Josiah Newhall, who survived him. 



FRANKLIN HAVEN 

Franklin Haven, a Life Member, elected in 1855, was born 
in Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 30, 1804, and died at Beverly 
Farms, October 31, 1893. In 1807 his parents removed to 
Boston, where he attended the public schools. At the age of 
twenty he was appointed teller of the Globe Bank. In 1831 the 
Merchants' Bank was chartered, and he was made its cashier; 
and, five years later, its president; an office which he held for 
forty-six years. He was pension agent for Massachusetts from 
1838 to 1854, and United States sub-treasurer from 1849 to 



158 FRANKLIN HAVEN 

1853. He was a confidential friend of Daniel Webster, and was 
named by Mr. Webster, in his will, as one of the trustees of the 
Marshfield estate. In 1851 the Legislature of Illinois appointed 
him one of the original Board of Directors of the Illinois Central 
Railroad, which office he held for thirteen years. In 1858 he 
was appointed chairman of the State Board of Commissioners 
for Public Lands. Under direction of this board the Back Bay 
was filled, the Public Gardens enlarged, and Commonwealth 
Avenue and the adjoining streets laid out. He was for many 
years a director of the Eastern Railroad, and was an early advo- 
cate of the Boston Clearing House, and its first president. 
During the Civil War he rendered valuable services to the gov- 
ernment. In 1861 and 1862 he was chairman of the committee 
of Boston Banks to collect subscriptions for government loans. 
He was repeatedly summoned to Washington to confer with the 
Secretary of the Treasury and the House Committee of Ways 
and Means, upon questions of public finance, and his suggestions 
were not infrequently the basis of official and legislative action. 
He married, in 1828, Sarah Ann Curtis, daughter of Samuel 
Curtis, of Boston, who survived him, with three daughters, Mrs. 
Sarah Ann Pierpont, Mrs. Waldo 0. Ross, and Miss Mary E. 
Haven; and two sons, Franklin Haven, who succeeded his father 
in the presidency of the Merchants' Bank, and Edward Belknap 
Haven. 



SAMUEL JAMES BRIDGE 159 



SAMUEL JAMES BRIDGE 

Samuel James Bridge, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member, elected in 1850, was born in Boston, June 1, 1809, and 
died in Roxbury, Massachusetts, November 6, 1893. 

He was the son of Samuel Bridge, and he was of the seventh 
generation from John Bridge, who came to this country with the 
Braintree Company, and was assigned to Cambridge in 1632. 

The subject of this sketch presented to the city of Cambridge 
a bronze statue of his ancestor, and it is believed that this was 
the first statue of a Puritan pioneer erected in New England. 

His father, Samuel 6 Bridge, was a merchant in Boston, and 
son of Edmund 5 , Samuel 4 , Matthew 3 , Matthew 2 , John 1 . 

He was educated in the public schools, and was sent at the age 
of twelve to Wiscasset, Maine, and placed under the tuition of 
Rev. Dr. Packard. He completed his preparation for college in 
the Latin School in Boston, but the lack of money prevented him 
from entering. He became a business man in Boston, and ac- 
cumulated a large fortune, which he used in promoting various 
important public enterprises. In 1841 he was appointed prin- 
cipal appraiser in the Custom House in Boston. After twelve 
years' service there he was made appraiser-general of the 
Pacific coast, and continued to serve seven and a half years. 
His work consisted of the supervision of all the customs on the 
Pacific coast, including California, Oregon, and Washington. He 
traveled extensively in all parts of the world. 

Harvard College conferred upon him the degree of Master of 
Arts in 1880. 

He was never married. 



160 ALVAH AUGUSTUS BURRAGE 



ALVAH AUGUSTUS BURRAGE 

Alvah Augustus Burrage, a Life Member, elected in 1855, 
was born in North Leominster, Massachusetts, May 30, 1823, 
and died in Boston, November 6, 1893. 

He was a son of Captain Josiah and Ruth (Kilburn) Burrage, 
and he was descended from John 1 Burrage, who was in Charles- 
town in 1637, through Thomas 2 , Thomas 3 , William 4 , and Josiah 5 
Burrage, his father. 

He attended the district school for a few weeks in summer and 
winter, until sixteen years of age. In 1839 he entered the store 
of Messrs. Richardson and Burrage, to learn the sale of woolen 
goods, at which date began his mercantile life in Boston, where 
he ever afterwards resided. In 1846 he became one of the firm 
of Wilkinson, Stetson, and Company, and continued this partner- 
ship until 1852. 

In 1853 he became a partner with Noble H. Hill, and his 
brother Charles H. Burrage, constituting the firm of Hill, Bur- 
rage and Company; this continued for six years. In 1859 the 
firm became Burrage Brothers and Company. In 1873 he re- 
tired from business. 

He took a deep interest in public reforms and in political mat- 
ters. He was identified with the anti-slavery cause when it was in 
public disfavor, and took an active part in the Free Soil party. 
He was elected a representative to the General Court in 1867, 1868, 
and 1869 ; a member of the Boston Board of Aldermen in 1875 
and 1876; and was chosen to the State Senate in 1878 and 1879. 

He wrote articles and letters for the press on current topics of 
the day. He published "The Burrage Memorial" in 1877, a 
book of 265 pages. He was an admirer of Theodore Parker, and 
gave much time and money towards the erection of the Parker 
Memorial Building. 



CHARLES FREDERIC CREHORE 161 

He married, May 17, 1849, Elizabeth Amelia Smith, of Groton, 
Massachusetts. They had eight children. His widow, one son, 
and three daughters, survived him. 



CHARLES FREDERIC CREHORE 

Charles Frederic Crehore, of Newton, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1891, was born in Newton Lower Falls, 
June 18, 1828, and died there, November 8, 1893. 

He was the son of Lemuel and Mary Ann (Clark-Dodge) Cre- 
hore, and was in direct line of descent, in the seventh generation, 
from Teague Crehore, of Irish origin, who appeared in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, about 1650. 

He received his preparatory education at Milton Academy, 
Milton, Massachusetts, and at W. H. Brooks's private school, 
Boston, and at other private schools. He entered the Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, in 1847. He left 
it in 1849, and joined a party of engineers upon the Rutland, Ver- 
mont, Railroad. He was at home from 1851 to 1852; in Europe, 
1852-53; and in Minnesota, 1854-57, having charge of the 
Big Sioux and Mankato military road, then being constructed 
under Captain James Simpson, United States Topographical 
Engineer. He studied medicine and was graduated at Harvard 
Medical School in 1859. He practiced medicine in Boston till 
May, 1861; served as surgeon upon the armed steamer "Cam- 
bridge," 1861; as assistant surgeon in the Twentieth Massachu- 
setts Volunteers in 1861 and 1862; and as surgeon in the 
Thirty-Seventh Massachusetts Volunteers from 1862 to 1864. 
During this time he was one year medical inspector of the Sixth 
Army Corps, surgeon-in-chief of division, etc. From that time 
until his death he resided in Newton, carrying on the business 
of manufacturing press paper. 

He was a member of the Massachusetts and other Medical 



162 FRANCIS PARKMAN 

Societies, and also of the Boston Society of Natural History. 
He prepared a genealogy of his branch of the Crehore family, 
which was published in 1887. 

He married, September 29, 1857, Mary Wyer, daughter of 
Henry and Elizabeth Faris (Tracy) Loring, of Boston. His 
widow, a son, and a daughter survived him. 



FRANCIS PARKMAN 

Francis Parkman, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1865, was born in Boston, September 16, 1823, and 
died in Jamaica Plain, November 9, 1893. 

He was a son of the Rev. Francis and Caroline (Hall) Park- 
maq . and was descended from Elias 1 Parkman (son of Thomas of 
Sidmouth, England), who settled in Dorchester in 1633, through 
Elias 2 , William 3 , Rev. Ebenezer 4 , Samuel 5 , and Rev. Francis 6 
Parkman, his father. 

He was graduated at Harvard in 1844, and studied law for two 
years after graduation. He was attracted towards literary pur- 
suits more strongly than towards a professional career, and before 
completing his course at the law school, he decided to devote 
himself to historical studies. He went abroad for a time, and 
after his return spent several months among the Rocky Moun- 
tains, living among the Dacotas and other tribes of Indians. His 
health was broken by the exposure of these journeys, and he was 
a sufferer for the remainder of his life. His first book was an 
account of the Rocky Mountain Region and its inhabitants. 
Four years later he published "The Conspiracy of Pontiac, and 
the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada." His third book 
was a novel, with the title " Vassall Morton.' ' In 1866 he pub- 
lished his "Book of Roses." During the same year, "The 
Pioneers of France in the New World" was published. In 1868 
he published "The Jesuits in North America in the Seventeenth 



CHARLES HENRY BELL 163 

Century"; and in 1869, "La Salle and the Discovery of the 
Great West." He also published "The Old Regime in Canada," 
in 1874; "Count Frontenac and the New France under Louis 
XIV," in 1877; and, "Montcalm and Wolfe," in two volumes, 
in 1884. 

He was professor of Horticulture at Harvard, 1871-72; and 
overseer, 1868-71, and a fellow, 1875-88. He was vice- 
president of the Massachusetts Historical Society, to which he 
bequeathed his valuable manuscripts; a fellow of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences; Honorary Member of the 
Society of Antiquity, London; and a member of the Royal His- 
torical Society of Great Britain. 

The honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred upon him by 
McGill University in 1879, by Williams College in 1885, and by 
Harvard in 1889. 

He married, in 1850, Catherine, daughter of Dr. Jacob 
Bigelow, of Boston. She died in 1858, leaving two daughters. 



CHARLES HENRY BELL 

Charles Henry Bell, of Exeter, New Hampshire, a Life 
Member, elected in 1868, was born in Chester, New Hampshire, 
November 18, 1823, and died in Exeter, November 11, 1893. 

His immigrant ancestor was John Bell, a native of Ireland, 
but of Scotch descent, and a settler of Londonderry, New Hamp- 
shire. John, his son, of the second generation in this country, 
was the father of John, of the third generation, governor of the 
State, in 1828, who was the father of the subject of this sketch. 

Charles Henry Bell at the age of twelve was sent as a student 
to Pembroke Academy, where he remained two years. In 1837 
he entered Phillips Exeter Academy, but returned in 1838 to 
Pembroke. He entered Dartmouth College before he was fif- 
teen years of age, but withdrew after a short stay. During his 



164 CHARLES HENRY BELL 

absence he devoted a part of his time to the study of civil engi- 
neering, under the direction of James Hayward, whose office was 
in Boston. In 1840 he re-entered Dartmouth, where he became 
captain of the college military corps, and served for one year, 
1843-44, the latter year being the date of his graduation. 

He began the study of law with Hon. James Bell, of Exeter, 
and completed his study with Hon. Samuel Dana Bell. He was 
admitted to the Bar in 1847, and began practice in Chester. In 
1849 he entered into partnership with Nathaniel Wells, of Som- 
ersworth, New Hampshire, in the village of Great Falls. Here 
he practically began his career as a lawyer. In 1854 he removed 
to Exeter, where he passed the remaining years of his life. 

In 1856 he was appointed solicitor of Rockingham County, 
which office he held for the period of ten years. After twenty- 
one years' experience, in 1868 he retired from active practice at 
the Bar. He was often appointed a referee after this period. 

In 1858, and in four other years, he represented Exeter in the 
State Legislature. He was also State Senator for two terms. 
He was speaker of the House in 1860, and president of the Sen- 
ate in 1864. In 1879 he became a member of the United States 
Senate, to fill a vacancy. He was governor of New Hampshire 
for two years, 1881-83. In 1889 he completed his public ser- 
vice by presiding over a convention to revise the State 
Constitution. 

He took an active personal interest in education. He was a 
trustee of Dartmouth College, of the Robinson Seminary, and of 
Phillips Exeter Academy. He also wrote and delivered numer- 
ous discourses on education. His first literary venture was the 
"Life of William M. Richardson, LL.D.," published in 1839, 
only four months after the author had completed fifteen years of 
his age. He delivered an oration in Derry, New Hampshire, in 
1869, at the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of that place. 
In 1871 he published "Men and Things of Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire,' ' and in the same year he delivered a discourse at the 
dedication of the Society's House, in Boston, at the invitation of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 



CHARLES HENRY BELL 165 

In 1873 he delivered an address before the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, on its semi-centennial anniversary. 

He also published " Exeter in 1776," and a memoir of Rev. 
John Wheelwright, for " John Wheelwright, his Writings," issued 
by the Prince Society. 

He contributed to the " Memorial Biographies" a memoir of 
Daniel Webster, and he delivered on different occasions memorial 
addresses on various persons and subjects. 

He published, in his later life, "The Worship of Success; " "The 
Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire ; " a " Memoir of Dr. 
John Taylor Gilman; " "The Exeter Quarter-Millennial; " "The 
History of the Town of Exeter, New Hampshire; " a "Discourse 
on the Battle of Bunker Hill; " and the " Bench and Bar of New 
Hampshire," his last work. 

He made a collection, among other things, of books and 
pamphlets printed in Exeter. 

Dartmouth College conferred on him the degree of LL.D. in 
1881. 

He was president of the New Hampshire Historical Society for 
nineteen years, and a vice-president of the Prince Society. 

He was a member of the American Antiquarian Society, also of 
the Royal Historical Society of Great Britain, and a Correspond- 
ing Member of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and of 
many others. 

He married first, May 6, 1847, Sarah Almira Gilman , daughter 
of Ni cholas Gilman , of Exeter; second, June 3, 1867, Mary Eliza- 
beth Gilman, daughter of Harrison Gray, of Boston, and widow 
of Joseph Taylor Gilman, of Exeter. By the first wife he had 
two daughters. 

The above sketch is prepared from a memoir, by Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, 
D.D., published in the Register, vol. xlix, pp. 9-23. 



166 HOWLAND HOLMES 



HOWLAND HOLMES 

Howland Holmes, of Lexington, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member, elected 1875, was born in Halifax, Plymouth County, 
Massachusetts, January 16, 1815, the son of Howland and Huldah 
(Copeland) Holmes. He traced his ancestry to John Holmes, of 
Plymouth (1632), and on his mother's side to John Aid en. 

He attended school at Bridgewater and at Phillips Exeter 
Academy, and was graduated at Harvard in 1843, taking his 
medical degree in 1848. He taught school at Belmont, Charles- 
town, and elsewhere, in the intervals of study. He spent a year 
in Europe, attending medical lectures in Paris, and visiting the 
hospitals of London. 

Dr. Holmes began practice in West Cambridge (Arlington), 
Massachusetts, where he found his wife, Sarah Maria Wellington, 
daughter of William Cotting. They were married August 28, 
1849, at Albany, New York. In 1851 they moved to Lexington, 
and made that their permanent home. 

By his skill and sympathy, Dr. Holmes acquired an extensive 
practice. He was always willing to respond to the calls of the 
poor. As a citizen, he participated freely in municipal affairs, 
having plans and convictions of his own, which he was always 
ready to advocate. Few subjects of importance came up in 
town meetings upon which he did not have something to say. 
He was a zealous promoter of several public measures, which 
were of distinct advantage to the town. He originated a society 
for planting shade trees in 1853, and was an early member of the 
Farmers' Club. He served on many town committees, and was 
an efficient member of the School Board. He was interested in 
the organization of the Cary Library in Lexington, and founded 
the Holmes Library in his native town. He enjoyed his member- 
ship in the Massachusetts Medical Society, the Middlesex East 



WILLIAM HENRY EMERY 167 

District Medical Society, and in the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society, and attended the meetings with great 
regularity. Several of his papers on medical subjects were 
published. 

Dr. Holmes inherited the sturdy qualities of his ancestors. 
Having been brought up on a farm, he acquired that love of out- 
door work which was a characteristic of his whole life. His 
fruit and flower garden was one of the best in the village. 

He was social, generous, hospitable, of medium stature, of a 
ruddy complexion, and active temperament. His wife, a son, 
and a daughter survived him. 

He lived nearly fourscore years — more than a quarter of the 
entire period covered by our country's history. In his child- 
hood he might have listened to some one who had known a man 
who had talked with the Pilgrim Fathers. 

The manner of his departure was noteworthy. On the 16th 
of November, 1893, he drove down to Medford to take a basket 
of fruit of his own raising to some friends, and upon his return, 
as he crossed the Mystic River — how significant the name! — at 
the same moment he passed over Jordan, and his spirit took its 
flight. The simple vehicle in which he had so often driven on his 
earthly ministrations bore him at last to his journey's end. 



WILLIAM HENRY EMERY 

William Henry Emery, of Boston, was born in Biddeford, 
Maine, March 22, 1822, and died in Newton, Massachusetts, 
November 28, 1893. He was elected a Resident Member of this 
Society in 1877. He was descended from John Emery, one of 
the early settlers of New England. The family line is as follows: 

William Henry Emery 8 , Isaac 7 , Thomas 6 , Thomas 5 , James 4 , 
James 3 , Anthony 2 , John 1 . Anthony 2 came to this country in 
1635, in the bark "James," of London. Isaac Emery 7 was aid 



168 WILLIAM HENRY EMERY 

to Governor Paris, of Maine, and a member of the committee to 
receive Lafayette in 1824. He was also a member of Governor 
Boutwell's council, and one of the founders of the John Hancock 
Life Insurance Company. His mother, Faith Bigelow, was a 
descendant of the noted Ann Hutchinson, also of Philip Savage, 
chairman of the "Tea Party" meeting in the Old South Meeting- 
house, December 16, 1773. 

Mr. Emery was educated at Thornton Academy, Saco, Maine. 
At the age of eighteen he engaged in the coal trade, which after- 
wards became his life business, though he was for some years 
entry clerk in the Custom House. He was a man highly respected 
and sought for to fill positions of trust. He was a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity and a trustee of the Franklin Savings Bank. 
He gave a good deal of time to genealogical researches. He had 
those traits of character which made him a great favorite, excep- 
tionally popular in an extended social circle, "a man to be sadly 
missed," honorably known as a business man. His fellow- 
tradesmen testify that "he earned and well maintained the title 
of a good citizen, an upright merchant, and an honest man, who 
could always be relied upon in the various duties and trusts in 
life." 

He married first, October 5, 1847, Sarah R., daughter of 
Thomas Haviland, of Boston. She died October 16, 1855, leav- 
ing two daughters, Mary Haviland and Helen Bigelow. He next 
married, October 22, 1856, Eliza Bishop, daughter of Nathaniel 
Holmes Bishop, of Medford, Massachusetts, by whom he had 
Eliza Kate, William Bishop, and Heber Bishop. 



DAVID BRAINARD WESTON 169 



DAVID THAYER 

David Thayer, a Resident Member, elected in 1857, was born 
in Braintree, Massachusetts, July 19, 1813, and died in Boston, 
December 14, 1893. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Thayer, by David H. Brown, A.B., see 
Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. liv-lv. 



DAVID BRAINARD WESTON 

David Brainard Weston, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member from 1882, was born in Londonderry, Vermont, 
May 29, 1815, and died in Boston, December 22, 1893. 

He was educated in the public schools, and at Lawrence 
Academy, Groton. His father died when he was very young, 
and he was left, more than most young men were, to make his 
own way in the world. He became a useful and prosperous 
citizen of Charlestown, and was elected to positions of responsi- 
bility and honor from year to year, until the time when Charles- 
town became a part of Boston. 

He married, May 30, 1853, Lucy Hutchinson, daughter of Dr. 
Hezekiah and Lucy Hutchinson. They had one son, Rev. Henry 
C. Weston. 



170 FRANCIS MINOT WELD 



FRANCIS MINOT WELD 

Francis Minot Weld, of Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member, elected in 1889, was born in Dalton, New 
Hampshire, January 17, 1840, and died in Jamaica Plain, Decem- 
ber 31, 1893. 

He was descended from John 1 Weld, through Eleazer 2 , William 
Gordon 3 , and Thomas Swan 4 Weld, of Dalton, New Hampshire. 

His parents removed from New Hampshire to Jamaica Plain 
when he was a boy. He was prepared for college at the Eliot 
School, and was graduated at Harvard College, with high rank, 
in 1860. He studied at the Medical School for about two years, 
when he entered the service of the United States as a surgeon. 
He served at the Naval Hospital, Chelsea, and at the Port Hos- 
pital, Grafton, West Virginia. In January, 1863, he was assigned 
to the monitor "Nantucket." In December he was ordered to 
the frigate ''Wabash." He thought it best, however, to resign 
his commission, and take time to complete his medical studies. 
He was graduated in 1864, and was soon after commissioned as a 
surgeon. He served in General Grant's campaign of that year. 
He was with General Terry's corps at Fort Fisher, and then 
joined General Sherman's army near Raleigh. He was at differ- 
ent times brigade and division surgeon, and had charge of 
various field and port hospitals. 

When he was mustered out of service in 1865, he returned to 
Jamaica Plain, and began the practice of his profession. A year 
later he engaged in business in New York. After a time he re- 
turned to the practice of medicine, and was attending and con- 
sulting physician in various hospitals and dispensaries. 

He retired from practice in 1887, and made his home in 
Jamaica Plain. He was a member of a number of organizations, 
and was especially active in the formation of the New York 



WILLIAM STEVENS HOUGHTON 171 

Harvard Club, serving as its president. From 1882 to 1889 he 
was an overseer of Harvard College. He received the degree of 
M.A. in 1871. 

He married, April 11, 1872, Fanny Elizabeth Bartholomew, 
who survived him. They had three children, two sons and a 
daughter. 



WILLIAM STEVENS HOUGHTON 

William Stevens Houghton, elected a Resident Member in 
1870, and made a Life Member the same year, was born in Box- 
borough, Massachusetts, June 20, 1816, and died in Boston, 
January 3, 1894. His grandfathers were Asa Houghton, of 
Harvard, and Deacon Oliver Mead, of Boxborough. He was a 
son of Reuben and Elizabeth (Mead) Houghton. In 1849 he 
married Abba Frances Goodridge, daughter of Joseph Goodridge, 
of Boston, and in 1859, Sarah Jane Topliff, daughter of Samuel 
Topliff, of Boston, became his second wife. The names of his 
children were Elizabeth Goodridge, William Topliff (deceased), 
Samuel Topliff, Clement Stevens, and Edwin Arnold. In early 
life he went into business in Boston, and became a member of 
the firm of Houghton and Coolidge. This firm was prominent on 
Pearl and High streets for forty years. For thirty years he was 
one of the Board of Deacons of the Central Congregational 
Church, in Boston. He was a trustee of Wellesley College and of 
the Northfield schools, a member of the corporation of the Gen- 
eral Theological Library, and a director of the Webster Bank 
and of several benevolent institutions. Although very generous 
towards churches and institutions of learning in all parts of the 
country, he preferred that his name should not be mentioned as 
the donor of his gifts. 



172 TRYON EDWARDS 



TRYON EDWARDS 

Tryon Edwards, of Detroit, Michigan, was born in Hartford, 
Connecticut, August 7, 1809, and died in Detroit, January 4, 1894. 

He was a great-grandson of President Edwards, of Northamp- 
ton. The first of the Edwards family in this country was William 
Edwards, who came from England, young and unmarried, early 
in the seventeenth century. His son was Richard Edwards, who 
married Elizabeth Tuttle, of New Haven. His eldest son, 
Timothy Edwards, was the minister of Windsor, Connecticut, 
almost sixty years. He was the father of Jonathan Edwards, 
the famous metaphysician and divine, who was born October 8, 
1703. His son Jonathan, the younger, was born in Northampton, 
May 26, 1845. His son Jonathan Walter, a lawyer of distinction, 
was the father of Dr. Tryon Edwards. 

Tryon Edwards was graduated from Yale College in 1828, 
studied law two years in New York, and studied theology at 
Princeton, graduating in 1830. He was ordained as a minister 
in the Presbyterian Church in July, 1834, at Rochester, New 
York, and continued his work as a pastor in that city till 1844. 
From 1844 to 1857 he was the pastor of a Congregational Church 
in New London, Connecticut, and from 1867 to 1873 he was 
pastor of a Presbyterian Church at Hagarstown, Maryland. 
While at Hagarstown he was successful in an effort to establish 
the Wilson Female College, of which he was for a time the presi- 
dent. His last pastorate was at Governeur, New York, from 
1874 to 1879. His later years were passed in Detroit, Michigan. 

Dr. Edwards was a man of great ability, very extended and 
accurate information, and of fine presence, with the manners of 
a cultivated gentleman of the old school. He was credited by 
his friends with a great shrewdness which often enabled him to 
control the actions of men in carrying out his plans. As an author 



WILLIAM GORDON MEANS 173 

he attained a high rank, and some of the books that he pub- 
lished will have a permanent place in American literature. 

He published an edition of the complete works of his grand- 
father, the younger President Edwards, with an extended 
memoir, 2 vols., 1842; a memoir of Dr. Joseph Bellamy, pub- 
lished with his works, 1850; " Select Poetry for Children and 
Youth," 1851; "The World's Laconics/' 1852; "Wonders of the 
World," 1855; "Light for the Day," 1879; and a number of 
other books. 

He received the degree of D.D. from Wabash College, Indiana, 
1848. He was elected a Corresponding Member of this Society 
in 1847. 



WILLIAM GORDON- MEANS 

William Gordon Means, a Life Member, was born at Amherst, 
New Hampshire, on April 27, 1815, son of David MacGregor and 
Catherine (Atherton) Means. He was a great-grandson of 
Thomas Means, of Stewartstown, County Tyrone, Ireland. His 
grandfather, Colonel Robert Means, was a weaver from the north 
of Ireland, who established himself in business in the town of 
Amherst, New Hampshire, where he enjoyed a long and suc- 
cessful career as merchant, colonel, representative, and town 
officer in various capacities. One of his daughters became wife 
to Hon. Jeremiah Mason, and another wife to President Apple- 
ton, of Bowdoin College. Mr. Means's father succeeded his father 
in business at Amherst, and had an equally successful career, as 
colonel in the militia, representative to the Legislature, town 
official, and justice of the peace. 

Mr. Means's education was obtained in the common schools of 
his native town and at the Pinkerton Academy at Derry, New 
Hampshire. At the age of fifteen he came to Boston and served 
as a clerk in mercantile business for seven years. His aptitude 
for his chosen life work, an inheritance from an unusually capable 



174 WILLIAM GORDON MEANS 

ancestry, immediately gave him prominence among the young 
merchants of Boston, and when the Amoskeag Manufacturing 
Company was established at Manchester, New Hampshire, he 
was elected clerk. He accepted the situation, removed to the 
new city, and there remained in active discharge of important 
duties till 1859. In 1854 he resigned his clerkship and became 
treasurer of the Manchester (New Hampshire) Locomotive 
Works, which he held till his death. While a citizen of Man- 
chester, Mr. Means served as an alderman of the city and as its 
representative in the Legislature. In 1858 he was elected 
treasurer of the Salmon Falls (New Hampshire) Manufacturing 
Company. As the duties of these treasurerships made his busi- 
ness largely in Boston, where the offices were located, Mr. Means 
removed his residence to Andover, Massachusetts, and ulti- 
mately to Boston, where he died on the 4th of January, 1894. In 
1882, being elected president of the Salmon Falls Manufacturing 
Company, he resigned the treasurership of that corporation. He 
was for many years a director in the New England Bank. 

Mr. Means was elected a member of this Society in 1873, and 
became a Life Member in 1882. From 1884 to 1889 he served 
the Society as a director. 

Prominent and influential as Mr. Means was in the field of 
business, as a financier, and in the management and disposition 
of large monetary interests intrusted to him, wherein his integ- 
rity and fidelity walked hand in hand with his industry and 
sagacity, he was endeared to his friends by his generous impulses 
and his unselfishness. He was a well-informed observer of 
public events, well read in the history of his country and her 
public men, unswerving in his devotion to the predominant 
political party of his section, earnest for the establishment of 
sound ethics in the popular mind, and ready with his service and 
his purse to forward measures which he conceived to be just. 
This Christian gentleman exhibited a diligence in business, a 
wisdom in charities, a friendly regard for all beneficiaries, which 
made his acquaintance and friendship dear to many who will 
cherish his memory so long as life endures. 



WILLIAM GASTON 175 



STEPHEN MERRILL ALLEN 

Stephen Merkill Allen, a Life Member, elected in 1853, was 
born in Albany, New Hampshire, April 15, 1819, and died in 
Charlottesville, Virginia, January 19, 1894. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Allen, by George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., see 
Register, vol. lviii, supp., pp. lxi-lxii. 



WILLIAM GASTON 



William Gaston, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber from 1871, was born in South Killingly, Connecticut, October 
3, 1820, and died in Boston, January 19, 1894. 

He was the son of Alexander and Kesia (Arnold) Gaston, and 
was descended from John 1 Gaston, who settled in Connecticut 
in 1730, through John 2 , and Alexander 3 Gaston, his father. 

In 1838 his family removed their residence from Connecticut 
to Roxbury, Massachusetts. He was prepared for college in 
Brooklyn, Connecticut, and at Plainfield Academy, and was 
graduated from Brown University in 1840. He began the study 
of law in the office of Judge Francis Williard, of Roxbury, and 
completed his course with Charles P. and Benjamin R. Curtis, of 
Boston. He was admitted to the Bar in 1844, and began the 
practice of law in Roxbury. In 1865 the law firm of Jewell, 
Gaston and Field was formed, with offices in Boston. He con- 
tinued in this firm until he was elected to the office of governor of 
the Commonwealth. In 1879 he formed a new law firm, by the 
name of Gaston and Snow. 

He was city solicitor of Roxbury for five years, and was mayor 



176 GYLES MERRILL 

of that city in 1861 and 1862. In 1853, 1854, and 1856, he was 
a member of the Legislature, and in 1868 a member of the Sen- 
ate. He was elected mayor of Boston in 1870, and re-elected in 
1871. The great fire occurred during his term, and he acquitted 
himself in such a way as to endear himself forever to the sufferers 
by that great calamity. In 1874 he was elected to the office of 
governor as a Democrat. 

After his retirement from the office of governor, he devoted all 
his time to his profession, and to historical studies. In 1875 the 
degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him by Brown 
University and by Harvard College. 

He married, May 27, 1852, Louisa A. Beecher, daughter of 
Laban S. and Frances A. (Lines) Beecher. They had three 
children who survived him: Sarah Howard, William Alexander, 
and Theodore Beecher. 



GYLES MERRILL 

Gyles Merrill, of Haverhill, Massachusetts, a Resident 
Member from 1878, was born in Haverhill, March 13, 1816, and 
died there, January 23, 1894. 

He was descended from Nathaniel 1 Merrill, who settled in 
Newbury in 1635, through Daniel 2 , Deacon Moses 3 , Deacon 
Moses 4 , Rev. Gyles 5 , of Haverhill, and Moses 6 Merrill, his father. 

He received a good common school education, and spent his 
early years on the farm, teaching school in the winter season. 
In 1840 he became the bookkeeper of a firm engaged in building 
the Boston and Maine Railroad. In 1847 he removed to Rox- 
bury, and took a position in the office of the Norfolk Lead Com- 
pany. In 1852 he became an officer of the Sullivan Railroad in 
New Hampshire. In 1859 he was chosen superintendent of the 
Vermont Central, and Vermont and Canada railroads, which 
position he held until 1873, when impaired health compelled him 



JOHN PATRICK PRENDERGAST 177 

to relinquish the arduous duties of his position. He removed to 
the old home of the family in North Haverhill in 1874. 

He was fond of reading, and of historical investigation, and 
made a tour of Europe in 1878. 

He married, November 28, 1849, Eliza Watson Newbury, of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts. She died in 1890. They had four 
sons, of whom two survived the father's death. 



JOHN PATRICK PRENDERGAST 

John Patrick Prendergast, of Dublin, Ireland, a Corre- 
sponding Member of this Society, was born in Dublin in 1808, 
and died February 6, 1894. 

He belonged to an ancient and distinguished family, which had 
furnished a succession of eminent men, useful in civil and military 
life, and in literature. 

He was graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, 1825, and was 
called to the Irish Bar in 1830. In 1836 he was appointed agent 
of Lord Clifden's Irish estates, a position which had been held by 
his father and his grandfather before him. He determined early 
in his life to employ his leisure in some historical pursuits con- 
nected with his professional work. In 1846 he was asked to make 
some researches concerning the pedigree of an Anglo-Norman 
family in the county of Tipperary. This opened the way for 
him to give his attention to the settlement of Ireland at the time 
of the Restoration, after the overthrow of the Commonwealth. 
To do this it was necessary to study the Cromwellian settlement, 
and this opened the way to a series of historical researches which 
he continued until a few years before his death. The story is 
told in the preface to the first edition of his great work, "The 
Cromwellian Settlement," published in 1865 (see Register, 
p. 296, 1867). The same year Mr. Prendergast was made 
Master of the Rolls, to select, for transcription, the official papers 



178 JOHN PATRICK PRENDERGAST 

referring to Ireland, from the Carte manuscripts. In this work 
he was associated with Dr. Russell, the president of Maynooth 
College. The two worked together until 1877, when Dr. Russell 
was disabled by an accident. Their report, presented in 1871, 
is full of interest and information. 

In 1868 he published "The Tory War in Ulster." In 1887 he 
published " Ireland from the Restoration to the Revolution." 
His main interest lay in a certain epoch of Irish history. His 
knowledge of the history of Irish families was equal to that of 
any one in the country. He was also an authority in archaeology . 
In politics he was a Liberal all his life. He desired reform for 
Ireland, and believed that the disestablishment of the Church 
and the amendment of the laws relating to the tenure of land 
would remove the causes of complaint in Ireland. He was, 
therefore, a stanch Unionist, believing that the British Parlia- 
ment alone could rule Ireland properly. He was a friend and 
admirer of Mr. Lecky, and an antagonist of Mr. Froude. 

He left one son who became a naturalized citizen of this coun- 
try. By his will he bequeathed to the King's Inn Library a 
score or more of manuscript volumes concerning those periods of 
Irish history in which he was especially interested. 



LYMAN MASON 179 



LYMAN MASON 

Lyman Mason, of Boston, Massachusetts, elected a Resident 
Member in 1852, was born in Cavendish, Vermont, April 2, 1815, 
and died in Boston, February 9, 1894. 

He was the youngest of the eight children of Daniel and Betty 
(Spalding) Mason, and a direct descendant from Captain Hugh 
Mason, the emigrant (who came from Ipswich, England, in 1634, 
and settled at Watertown with his wife Esther), through John 2 , 
Daniel 3 , Samuel 4 , of Newton and Watertown, and Daniel 5 , above- 
mentioned. His mother, Betty (Spalding) Mason, was the eighth 
child of William and Esther (Dutton) Spalding, of Westford, 
Massachusetts, and a lineal descendant of Edward Spalding, of 
Braintree, the immigrant. 

Daniel and Betty (Spalding) Mason were married at Caven- 
• dish, Vermont, and settled there upon a large farm, some three 
miles from the village. There the large family was reared. The 
father died when Lyman was six years old, and he was then 
brought up by his mother, who was a woman of forceful char- 
acter and spirit. Mr. Mason seems to have inherited from her 
his literary tastes and desire for an education. Among the hills, 
on the farm, he lived the life of a New England boy of his time, 
attending the district school in winter, working upon the farm 
the rest of the year. He attended the Duttonville Academy, in 
Cavendish, several terms, and there fitted for college. Mr. 
Mason entered Dartmouth College in 1835, and had the expe- 
rience of many farmers' boys, whose ambition outran their finan- 
cial means; he had to teach school during a portion of his years, 
and work hard to "make up" his studies. During the last two 
years his vacations were spent in the study of law, in the office of 
Mr. French, a neighboring lawyer. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1839. In the autumn of 1839 Mr. Mason re- 



180 LYMAN MASON 

ceived an appointment at Western Reserve College, Hudson, 
Ohio, as a teacher of mathematics and Latin. After a year 
of hard work he resigned this position and entered the law office 
of G. N. Cumming, of Zanesville, Ohio, a native of Windsor, 
Vermont. In May, 1841, he was admitted to the Bar, at Spring- 
field, Ohio. Mr. Mason wrote to a classmate, at this time, 
that he did not consider his course of study sufficient prepara- 
tion for the successful practice of the law, but that it seemed 
expedient in his case to take admission. Finding his health 
greatly impaired by confinement in the office and excessive study 
he engaged in canvassing for a subscription agency, which gave 
him an opportunity to travel through parts of Ohio, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Virginia. One year of this stirring outdoor life 
restored his health so that he returned to Vermont in 1842, and 
was admitted to the Bar in Woodstock, Vermont, the same year. 
In the fall of 1842 he was appointed tutor in Dartmouth College, 
in which position he remained two years, and in this time entered 
his name, and pursued his law studies under the direction of 
Hon. Richard Fletcher, of Boston. In August, 1844, he came 
to Boston and opened an office, and began the practice of law in * 
the old " Tudor Building," where he remained until 1881, when 
the building was tornd own. He then removed his office to No. 
24 Congress Street, where he remained until his death. 

Mr. Mason was an able and trusted counsellor and attorney, 
and besides his general practice held the care of several large 
estates for many years. He did not seek public office, but in 
1874 was elected to the State Legislature ; and he served on 
the Boston School Committee from 1868 to 1874. He was 
treasurer of the American Statistical Society for many years, 
and a member of the Natural History Society. During the 
late years of his life he attended the "Old South Church" in 
Boston. Mr. Mason was of fine presence and impressive man- 
ners, carrying the conviction to all of the true gentleman. Many 
men who have been successful have cause to remember a kindly 
hand of help in their time of struggle. 

Mr. Mason married at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 25, 1853, Mary 



JOHN BROOKS FENNO 181 

Lucretia, daughter of Dr. Reuben D. Mussey. Mrs. Mason 
died March 19, 1889. Mr. Mason, though feeble in health for 
two years, continued his practice until a few days before his 
death. Three daughters survived him: Katie Mussey Mason, 
Mary Lyman Mason, and Elizabeth Spalding Mason. 



JOHN BROOKS FENNO 

John Brooks Fenno, a Resident Member, elected in 1873, 
was a son of John and Temperance (Harding) Fenno, and was 
born in Charlestown, March 3, 1816. He was sixth in descent 
from John Fenno, one of the earlier settlers of Dorchester, who 
came there with his mother, Rebecca Fenno, she being a widow, 
his line being Rebecca 1 , John 2 , Ephraim 3 , John 4 , Samuel 5 , John 6 , 
John Brooks 7 . 

He was named for Governor John Brooks, who was the family 
physician. He was educated in the public schools of Boston, 
graduating at the English High School in the class of 1832, and 
winning two Franklin medals during his school course. After 
his graduation he became connected with the importing house 
of Thomas and Edward Motley, and remained till the dissolution 
of that firm. In 1841 he went into partnership with John Wether- 
ell and George A. Whitney, under the firm name of Wetherell, 
Whitney and Company, which did a dry-goods business at No. 
59 Kilby Street. In 1844 the firm was changed to Whitney and 
Fenno, subsequently to Fenno, Foster, and Badger, and later to 
Fenno and Jones. He went into the general commission business 
in 1864 with John L. Childs, forming the firm of Fenno and Childs, 
afterwards Fenno, Abbott and Company, and in 1874 Fenno, Son, 
and Company. In 1879 he retired from business, and remained 
out of active business life till his death, February 14, 1894. 

In politics he was an ardent Whig, and later a stanch Repub- 
lican, but declined to accept any public office. He was not a 



182 EDWARD WINSLOW HINCKS 

member of any club, but was a member of the Bostonian Society, 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society, and the Natural History 
Society. He was a member of Trinity Church and a vestryman 
for several years. 

He married, in 1844, Sarah [Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Smith, of Smithtown, Long Island, New York, who inherited the 
lands purchased by his ancestors of the Indians, the previous 
owners, also granddaughter of General Nathaniel Woodhull, who 
was killed in the battle of Long Island in the war of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. They had four children: Edward Nicholl, 
Lawrence Carteret, John Brooks, and Florence Harding. The 
two eldest sons succeeded to their father's business. The 
daughter married Walter Carey Tuckerman, of New York. 



EDWARD WINSLOW HINCKS 

Edward Winslow Hincks, a Resident Member from 1872, 
was born in Bucksport, Maine, May 30, 1830, and died in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, February 14, 1894. 

He was a son of Elisha and Elizabeth Hopkins (Wentworth) 
Hincks. 

He received a common school education, and at the age of 
fifteen went to Bangor, where, from 1845 to 1849, he was an 
apprentice in a printing office. He then went to Boston, and 
was in the printing and publishing business until 1856, when he 
was appointed to a position in the office of the secretary of the 
Commonwealth, and prepared for publication the State Census 
of 1855. He was a representative from Boston in the Legislature 
of 1855, and was also a member of the City Council. In 1856 he 
removed to Lynn, still retaining his position in the secretary's 
office, and studying law with Hon. Anson Burlingame. In 1859 
he was appointed adjutant of the Eighth Regiment of Massa- 
chusetts Militia. 



SAMUEL KIDDER 183 

In 1860 he offered his services for the defense of Fort Moultrie. 
In 1861 he urged the governor to accept the Eighth Regiment 
as part of the Massachusetts quota of 1500 men called for by the 
President. He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel. He took 
possession of the Baltimore and Washington Railroad, and put 
it in running order. He reached Washington, and was appointed 
second lieutenant of cavalry in the regular army, that being the 
only grade in which an officer could enter the regular service at 
that time. After the battle of Antietam he was brevetted colonel 
in the regular army, and after the assault on Petersburg he 
received the brevet of brigadier-general. 

After the close of the war he held important commands until 
1870, when he was retired from active service for disability, 
resulting from his wounds. In 1866 his home was changed from 
Lynn to Cambridge, Massachusetts. From 1870 to 1880 he was 
governor of the Soldiers' Homes, at Hampton, Virginia, and at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After his return to Cambridge he was 
repeatedly chosen on the Board of Aldermen of the city. 

He was twice married, and had two children, but neither wife 
nor children survived him. 



SAMUEL KIDDER 

Samuel Kidder, of Lowell, Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber from 1878, was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, August 
3, 1821, and died February 15, 1894. 

He was educated in the common schools and in the academies 
at Medford and Woburn. He was an active and successful busi- 
ness man. He began life as a druggist in Lowell. In 1865 he 
entered the firm of Page, Kidder and Company, in Lowell, 
dealers in flour and grain. For many years he was a director in 
the Lowell Institution for Savings, and in the Wamesit National 
Bank, of Lowell. 



184 JOHN HEARD 

He was a well-read man. He was very familiar with modern 
ecclesiastical history, especially with the history of New Eng- 
land ministers and churches. He had a large fund of anecdote 
about the clergymen of this and other generations. 

He was twice married: first, October 24, 1846, to Ellen Coggin, 
daughter of Rev. Jacob Coggin; second, September 24, 1857, to 
Mary Jane Davis. She died in 1880. Five daughters survived 
him. 



JOHN HEARD 

John Heard, a Life Member since 1870, was born in Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, September 14, 1824, and died in Boston, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1894. He was the son of George W. and Elizabeth Ann 
(Farley) Heard. His mother was a granddaughter of General 
Michael Farley of the Revolutionary Army. Mr. Heard descends 
from Luke Heard, an early settler of Ipswich. In his youth he 
received training at Greenleaf 's School, Salem, thence he went 
to the Andover Academy, and on the removal of his father to 
Boston, he entered its public schools. His eyes were a source of 
trouble and he gave up school, making voyages to Cuba and 
Russia. He soon entered the employ of his uncle, Augustine 
Heard, and accompanied him to Hong Kong in 1841. The opium 
war was then in progress. Mr. Heard soon became a partner, and 
before he was twenty-one was the head of the Augustine Heard 
and Company, Tea House in China, his uncle returning in 1844. 
Mr. Heard remained in China until 1852, when he was absent 
four years, during which time he came to America and traveled 
in India and Europe. A year after the treaty had been made 
with Japan, in 1859, Mr. Heard was invited to go with Hon. 
Townsend Harris, the American Minister to Yeddo. He was the 
first civilian to enter Japan, and his ship, which came to take 
him back, was the first merchant vessel that had ever passed the 



JOHN HEAKD 185 

Straits of Uraga. He was also the first civilian to go up the 
Yangtse River. In 1861 the war culminated in a treaty by which 
China agreed to open three ports on the Yangtse River. Lord 
Elgin with a small squadron made an expedition to look at his 
new possessions, and Mr. Heard went soon after to Hankow, a 
distance of six hundred miles, in a steamboat belonging to his 
house. The river was entirely unknown, and before them no 
foreigners had been admitted into the interior of China. In 1861 
he was made the Portuguese consul, also the Russian consul, 
and received honors from each of these governments. After 
1862 Mr. Heard did not return to China, excepting for a brief 
trip in 1876. 

Mr. Heard married, in 1867, Alice Leeds, daughter of the Rev. 
George Leeds, D.D., rector of St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia. 
A daughter and two sons were born to them, one of which sons 
died. Mr. Heard died at his winter home, No. 43 Chestnut 
Street, Boston, and his remains were interred in the family 
tomb, Ipswich, where he maintained a residence. Mr. Heard 
was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Public Library, 
Ipswich, which library was founded by his uncle. Though many 
years were spent in China, yet there was no spot so beautiful to 
him as his native town. He rejoiced in all her interests, and New 
England with its peculiar institutions was a source of pride. 



186 WILLIAM FREDERIC POOLE 



WILLIAM FREDERIC POOLE 

William Frederic Poole, a Corresponding Member from 
1882, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, December 24, 1821, 
and died in Evanston, Illinois, March 1, 1894. 

He was the son of Ward and Eliza (Wilder) Poole, and a de- 
scendant from John Poole, of Reading, England, who became a 
proprietor in Reading, Massachusetts, 1635. 

He attended Leicester Academy, and entered Yale College in 
1842, but his studies being intermitted for three years, while he 
taught school to earn money for their completion, he graduated 
in 1849, and received the degree of A.M. in 1852. 

He was assistant librarian of the " Brothers in Unity," a 
literary society at Yale, and prepared an index to reviews and 
magazines, which was published in 1848. He became assistant 
librarian at the Boston Athenaeum, 1851-52; librarian of the 
Boston Mercantile Library, 1852-56, and librarian of the Boston 
Athenaeum, 1856-69. He became a professional expert for the 
organization of libraries, and was connected with the Bronson 
Library, Waterbury, Connecticut, the St. Johnsbury Athenaeum, 
Vermont, the Newton and East Hampton libraries, Massachu- 
setts, and the United States Naval Academy Library, Annapolis, 
Maryland. In 1869 he became librarian of the Cincinnati Public 
Library, which he left in 1873, to undertake the building up of 
the Chicago Public Library. In 1887 he took charge of the new 
Newberry Library in Chicago. 

He was one of the founders, and for two years president of the 
American Library Association, and a constant contributor to the 
"Library Journal," and was looked to as a leading authority on 
all library matters. He was a member of the American Histori- 
cal Association, and its president, 1887-88; a member of the 
American Antiquarian Society and of the Essex Institute. He 



FRANCIS GREENLEAF PRATT 187 

received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Northwestern Uni- 
versity in 1882, and was a member of its corporation at the time 
of his death. 

Besides his "Index to Periodical Literature," which was repub- 
lished in 1853 and in 1882, he was the author or editor of "The 
Popham Colony," 1866; "Wonder-Working Providence of Sion's 
Savior in New England;" "Cotton Mather and Salem Witch- 
craft," 1869; "Anti-Slavery Opinions before 1800," 1872; "The 
Ordinance of 1787," 1876; and "The Kentucky and Virginia 
Resolutions." 

He married, November 22, 1854, Fannie M. Gleason. 



FRANCIS GREENLEAF PRATT 

Francis Greenleaf Pratt, Jr., of Boston, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member and a Life Member from 1890, was born in 
Middleborough, Massachusetts, August 8, 1850, and died in 
Boston, March 20, 1894. 

He was the son of Rev. Francis G. and Charlotte Elizabeth 
(Eddy) Pratt, and was a descendant of the ninth generation from 
Matthew Pratt, of Weymouth, Massachusetts. 

He was educated in the high school in Middleborough, the 
Normal School in Bridgewater, and Phillips Academy, Andover. 
He left school at an early age to engage in business. He was six 
years with Lee and Shepard, and afterwards became connected 
with the "Youth's Companion," and worked his way to the prac- 
tical direction of its business affairs. 

He was interested in the history of New England, and pre- 
pared, in connection with others, the genealogy of the Eddy 
family, published in 1880, and the genealogy of the Pratt family, 
published in 1889. 

He was never married. 



188 JAMES MONROE KEITH 



JAMES MONROE KEITH 

James Monroe Keith, of Boston, had been a Resident Mem- 
ber of this Society thirty-four years, having been elected Sep- 
tember 5, 1860. He was the son of Bethuel and Mary (Pearson) 
Keith, and was born in Randolph, Vermont, April 19, 1819. He 
died very suddenly at his home in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
April 12, 1894. 

He was prepared for college partly at Randolph Academy and 
partly at the Academy in Royalton, Vermont. He was gradu- 
ated at Brown University in 1845. He studied law with David 
A. Simmons, of Roxbury, and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, 
June 3, 1848. Later he opened an office in Boston. He was a 
member of the Legislature, from Roxbury, in 1851. Before 
Roxbury was annexed to Boston he was president of its Common 
Council. In 1855 he was appointed district attorney for the 
district composed of Norfolk and Plymouth counties. The next 
year the office was made elective, and Mr. Keith was chosen for 
three years, but resigned in 1858. 

\- During the war he was a prominent member of the Roxbury 
Relief Association. In 1868 and 1869 he was a member of the 
Boston Common Council, and the same years he was a trustee 
of the Boston Public Library. On several occasions he had been 
chairman of the Democratic State Convention, and on one of 
these he made one of the most noteworthy political speeches in 
the history of his party in this State. In 1868 he was a delegate 
to the national convention of the Democratic party. He was a 
member of the Boston Board of Health from 1877 to 1883. Mr. 
Keith had long been recognized as one of the ablest lawyers in 
Boston. He was a man of integrity and of great practical wis- 
dom. He rilled every position well, and left an honored name. 
He was three times married. In 1849 he married Adeline 



JAMES HOWARD MEANS 189 

Wetherbee, of Boston. In 1856 he married Mary C. Richardson, 
of Boston. His third wife, married in 1863, was Louisa J. Dyer, 
of Providence. 



JAMES HOWARD MEANS 

James Howard Means, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1856, was born in Boston, December 13, 
1823, and died in Dorchester, April 13, 1894. 

He was the son of James and Joanna (Howard) Means. 

He was prepared for college at the Boston Latin School, and 
was graduated at Harvard College in 1843, and from the And- 
over Theological Seminary in 1847. He was licensed to preach 
by the Suffolk North Association in 1847, and became an assist- 
ant of Rev. Dr. Codman, in the Second Church of Dorchester. 
Dr. Codman died the next year, and Mr. Means was at once 
chosen as his successor. He continued in that church for thirty 
years, retiring from active service in 1878, on account of im- 
paired health. 

He was for many years a trustee of the Perkins Institution for 
the Blind; secretary of the Boston City Missionary Society; 
president of the trustees of Armenia College in Turkey; and of 
the trustees of Bradford Academy, Massachusetts ; and a corpo- 
rate member of the American Board. Williams College conferred 
on him the degree of D.D. in 1874. 

He was a contributor to the best literary and theological jour- 
nals, and was a careful student of New England history. One of 
his historical articles was delivered at the seventieth anniversary 
of his church in 1878, and was published with the proceedings of 
that anniversary. He published a volume of sermons in 1865. 

He married, June 6, 1849, Charlotte Abigail Johnson, of 
Boston, who died in 1893. Four children survived: three sons, 
J. Means, C. J. Means, F. H. Means, and a daughter, Marion B. 
Means. 



190 EDWIN FORBES WATERS 



EDWIN FORBES WATERS 

Edwin Forbes Waters, a Life Member, elected in 1877, was 
born in Petersham, Massachusetts, July 7, 1822, and died in San 
Francisco, April 18, 1894. 

He learned the trade of a printer, and at the age of fourteen 
secured work in a newspaper office in Portland, Maine. He came 
to Boston a few years later, and in 1864 he purchased an interest 
in the " Boston Daily Advertiser." He continued the publisher 
of the "Advertiser" for eighteen years, retiring from the busi- 
ness in 1882, having made the paper a financial success, as well as 
a strong factor in politics. He was at one time chairman of the 
Republican State Central Committee. He was a member of a 
number of political and historical societies. 

He married Mrs. Clara Erskine Clement, well known as a writer 
upon art. 

Soon after his marriage, in June, 1883, he started on a trip 
around the world, which occupied him two years. 



WALDO HIGGINSON 191 



WALDO HIGGINSON 

Waldo Higginson, of Boston, was bom in Boston, May 1, 
1814, and died in Boston, May 4, 1894. He was a descendant of 
the Rev. Francis Higginson, who was educated at the University 
at Cambridge, England, and received the degree of B.A. in 1609, 
and M.A. in 1613. He was born in 1587, and came to New Eng- 
land in 1629. He was the first minister of Salem; a man of learn- 
ing and piety. 

Mr. Higginson was the son of Stephen and Louisa (Storrow) 
Higginson. His maternal ancestors included the first of the 
three Governors Wentworth, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 
He was prepared for college in a private school in Cambridge, 
of which William Wells was the teacher. He was also, for a time, 
under the instruction of Ralph Waldo Emerson, and was also at 
the celebrated school taught by George Bancroft and J. G. Coggs- 
well, at Round Hill, Northampton. He was graduated from 
Harvard in 1833, having a part at Commencement, and being a 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa. He was for many years the 
secretary of the class. The records of his class, which he had 
kept with great care, were destroyed in the Boston fire of 1872. 
He was at much pains to restore jthese records in subsequent 
years, and he caused them to be printed in a volume, at his own 
expense. 

He spent the first year after graduation in Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia, chiefly in the family of his brother-in-law, Rev. Reuel 
Keith, D.D. Returning to Boston, he studied law for a time in 
the office of Judge Jackson. Without completing his studies, he 
decided to become a civil engineer, and spent the summer of 
1837 in Georgia, on the State railroad across the Alleghanies. 
Later he was assistant engineer, under Colonel J. M. Fessenden, 
in building the Eastern Railroad, afterwards establishing him- 



192 WALDO HIGGINSON 

self as a civil engineer in Boston. Between 1845 and 1853 he was 
agent and engineer for the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corpora- 
tion, resigning this employment because of a stroke of paralysis 
produced by overwork. In 1856 he became president of the New 
England Mutual Insurance Company. After some years he 
advised the discontinuance of this company, as he had become 
satisfied that the principle of mutual insurance was not adapted 
to railroad people. The affairs of the company were wound up 
without loss to those insured. 

He was for a long time president of the Arkwright Insurance 
Company, for manufacturing establishments. On his resigna- 
tion, in 1891, a vote was passed by the directors of the company, 
which set forth in the warmest terms the respect and affection 
which they cherished for their associate and friend. They bore 
witness to the value of his services and the wisdom of his coun- 
sels; to his " profound and beneficent influence in smoothing 
away the difficulties which have sometimes arisen in the course 
of the work," his " judicial friendliness," "the even balance to 
which all deferred," his "sincerity and tact in removing slight 
causes of friction." 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1845, 
resigned on account of business engagements in 1853, and was 
re-elected thirty years later. He was one of the overseers of 
Harvard University from 1869 to 1873, and was a prominent 
member of the committee which raised the means for erecting 
Memorial Hall. He served for a long time as chairman of the 
Committee of Overseers to visit the Theological School, which his 
father, Stephen Higginson, while steward of the college, had en- 
larged and strengthened. Our associate also founded, in the 
University, the George D. Sohier prize for scholarship in modern 
languages, giving to this prize the name of a brother-in-law. 

He married, December 29, 1845, Mary Davies, daughter of 
William Davies Sohier, of Boston. They had no children. 



HENRY COLMAN KIMBALL 193 



HENRY COLMAN KIMBALL 

Henry Colman Kimball, elected a Resident Member in 1864, 
and became a Life Member in 1881, was born in Hingham, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 20, 1820, and died May 10, 1894. His 
grandfather was Daniel Kimball, first lieutenant of Captain 
Foster's Company of Colonel Wales' regiment of the war of the 
Revolution. Benjamin Gage, major of Colonel Gerrish's regi- 
ment, of the same war, was his great-grandfather. His mother's 
name was Betsey Gage, who was a daughter of Benjamin. The 
Rev. Daniel Kimball, principal of Derby Academy, in Hingham, 
was his father. The son fitted for college at the home school 
which his father established in Needham in the son's boyhood. 
He was graduated with the Harvard class of 1840. For some 
years afterwards he was the principal of Westford Academy, 
spending a year in foreign travel at the conclusion of this prin- 
cipalship. In 1848 he took charge of the Lancaster Academy, 
remaining several years, and while there marrying Harriet C. 
Fisher, of that town. In connection with the outbreak of the 
Civil War he was appointed to a position in the Internal Rev- 
enue Department, finally taking up his residence in Stoughton, 
where he passed the remaining thirty years of his life. There 
he was a member of the school committee, superintendent of 
schools, trustee of the public library, and town clerk. To the 
last place he was elected the twentieth time just before he died. 
Mr. Kimball belonged to the Massachusetts Society of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. He was a man of simple tastes, of 
great dignity and strict integrity, and yet almost womanly in 
sweetness of temper and patience. He was drowned at sea, on 
his way to Philadelphia, off Block Island, probably falling 
overboard. 



194 IRA JOSEPH PATCH 



IRA JOSEPH PATCH 

Ira Joseph Patch, elected a Resident Member in 1890, was 
born in Salem, Massachusetts, April 27, 1835, and died in Salem, 
June 6, 1894. 

Mr. Patch traced his descent from Nicholas and Jane Patch, 
of South Petherton (or Pedderton), in the hundred of that name, 
in Somersetshire, England. Nicholas 2 , son of Nicholas 1 , was born 
in South Petherton, June 26, 1597, and with his wife, Elizabeth 
(Owley), whom he married September 17, 1623, came to America 
and settled in Beverly, Massachusetts. The line of descent from 
Nicholas 1 to the subject of this record is as follows: Nicholas 1 , 
Nicholas 2 , James 3 (baptized in South Petherton, September 18, 
1626), James 4 (born in Salem, April 21, 1655), John 5 , James 6 , 
Joseph 7 , Ira Hamilton 8 , Ira Joseph 9 . 

He was educated in the Salem schools, leaving the high school 
before completing his course there, February 18, 1851, to be em- 
ployed in the office of the Clerk of the Courts of Essex County, the 
office being then held by Ebenezer Shillaber. As an assistant to 
Mr. Shillaber and afterwards to his successor, Hon. Asahel 
Huntington, he recommended himself by an efficient and con- 
scientious discharge of his duties. In 1859 he became bookkeeper 
to a Boston firm, Batchelder and Breed, doing a large business 
in shoe findings, with whom he remained several years, carrying 
more than the usual labors and responsibilities of such a position 
on account of the absence of the senior member of the firm in the 
army. When this firm dissolved he removed to Salem, and after 
an interval became the manager of the office of the " Salem 
Press," doing a printing business, especially in the lines of scien- 
tific and historical literature. This brought him into close rela- 
tions with Dr. Henry Wheatland, the well-known genealogist, 
antiquarian, and president of the Essex Institute, and with Pro- 



IEA JOSEPH PATCH 195 

fessor Frederic W. Putnam, the distinguished archaeologist. 
While in the office of the clerk of the courts he rendered valuable 
service for history and genealogy "by transcribing or rather 
translating," says Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Esq., "the obscure 
chirography of the early records of Essex County, particularly 
the file of the witchcraft trials. The copy of the latter now used 
in the clerk's office is in his handwriting; and to him W. Elliot 
Woodward was indebted for the 'copy 7 for his Record of Salem 
Witchcraft, etc., printed in 1864." Mr. Patch also contributed 
to the "Historical Collections of the Essex Institute" extracts 
from the first book of records of births, marriages, and deaths 
for the town of Salem, and similar records for Lynn, besides ab- 
stracts of wills, inventories, etc., from files in the office of the 
Clerk of Courts in Salem, and a copied list of deaths in the 
East Church of Salem, from 1785, recorded by Rev. Dr. Bentley. 
His large acquisitions made in these seldom-traversed ways of 
research caused him to be much consulted as an authority in 
genealogical matters, by members of Essex County families for a 
dozen miles around; and to his trustworthy accuracy and 
thoroughness many family histories are greatly indebted, "nota- 
bly the most recent, Dodge genealogy;" while his own family 
lineage was traced out both lineally and in its branches, with 
marked care and to unusual fulness, as the store of material 
collected and left by him amply testifies. 

Mr. Patch was, by nature, of quiet and retiring habits, and he 
gladly devoted to his home all the time that he could reserve 
from the daily exactions of business. He courted publicity 
neither for himself nor for the results of his labors. From his 
church and social obligations, however, he withheld neither time 
nor service. As a member, first, of a Congregational Church, 
and afterwards of the Wesley Church in Salem, he was easily 
and naturally recognized in those fellowships as one on whom it 
was suitable to lay large and responsible official trusts. Fond of 
music, he took especial satisfaction in the choir service. For any 
duty required of a faithful citizen, any sympathy asked for a 
moral, social, or charitable enterprise, he could be counted upon. 



196 CHARLES AUGUSTUS GREENE 

Mr. Patch was married to Harriet Millett Jackman, June 27, 
1861. Of their five children only two (daughters) survived his 
death. Two sons of promise died; the elder, Harry Hamilton, 
under specially painful circumstances, having been drowned, 
August 16, 1880, at the age of eighteen. He was the eldest, born 
August 23, 1862. Lizzie Millett was born September 14, 1864; 
Ira Edwin, born May 2, died October 13, 1878; Hattie Rust, 
born July 3, 1870, died the same day; Mabel Abbott, born May 
12, 1872. 



CHARLES AUGUSTUS GREENE 

Charles Augustus Greene, M.D., of Arlington, Massachu- 
setts, was born in Batavia, New York, April 19, 1824, and died 
in Arlington, June 15, 1894. He was a descendant, in the seventh 
generation, from Thomas Green, who came from England before 
1653, and settled in Maiden, Massachusetts. His father was 
Samuel Dana Greene, who was born in Leicester, Massachusetts, 
February 9, 1788. Dr. Greene was educated in the schools of 
Batavia and in those of Boston. He also attended the academy 
at Monson, Massachusetts, where he was prepared for college. 
He studied medicine in the medical school at Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and was graduated in 1848. He was a practicing 
physician for a number of years in Philadelphia. Later he resided 
in Harrisburg, from which city he removed to the vicinity of 
Boston. Dr. Greene was an independent student and practi- 
tioner. He adopted, in early life, original views in regard to 
medical practice. He was the author of a pamphlet entitled 
"Omnipathy," in which he set forth the principles of his method, 
to which he gave the name "omnipathy." He followed this 
method through his whole career as a physician. 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1888. 

He married Helen E. Hubbard, daughter of Willis H. Hubbard, 
April 18, 1855. 



JOHN CORDNER 197 



JOHN CORDNER 

John Cordner, a Corresponding Member from 1859, was born 
in the North of Ireland, July 3, 1816, and died in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, June 22, 1894. i 

He was the son of William and Mary Ann (Nelson) Cordner. 

He was educated at the Royal College, Belfast, Ireland, and 
was graduated from the Theological School connected with the 
Remonstrant Synod of Ulster in 1843. In 1844 he came to 
Montreal, Canada, and was ordained as pastor of the Unitarian 
Church in that city, which office he held for thirty-five years. He 
received the degree of LL.D. in 1870 from McGill University, of 
Montreal. 

He was a prolific writer for the press all his life. Many of his 
articles related to discussions which have less interest at this 
time than they had when they were written, but others were of 
permanent value. In 1869 he published a volume of sermons, 
entitled, "A Memorial of Twenty-Five Years' Ministry." 

He removed to Boston in 1879, but was not connected with any 
church as its pastor. The establishment of the Unitarian Asso- 
ciation in its present building was due, to a large extent, to his 
efforts. 

He married, October 2, 1852, a daughter of Francis Parkrnan, 
LL.D., who survived him, with two children. 



198 PETER BUTLER 



BENJAMIN DOUGLAS 

Benjamin Douglas, a Resident Member, elected in 1869, was 
born in Northford, in the town of North Branford, Connecticut, 
April 3, 1816, and died in Middletown, Connecticut, June 26, 
1894. 

For an obituary notice of Hon. Benjamin Douglas, by Rev. Ezra H. Bying- 
ton, D.D., see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. lv-lvi. 



PETER BUTLER 

Peter Butler was born in Oxford, Massachusetts, January 
6, 1820, and died in Boston, July 1, 1894. He became a Life 
Member of this Society in 1869. The family has been connected 
with the history of Oxford for more than a century. His pater- 
nal ancestor, Stephen Butler, came from England about 1640, 
while a child, with his mother, who was a widow. James, one of 
the descendants of Stephen Butler, was a member of the Boston 
Latin School in 1749, and in 1779 removed to Oxford, where he 
kept a country store, and carried on the hatting and fur business 
for twenty-five years. He was a licensed innholder from 1780 
to 1805. He is spoken of as a good citizen, of enterprise and 
influence. His son Peter, born December 16, 1774, succeeded 
him in the various lines of business in Oxford. His name ap- 
pears in connection with the business of the town as selectman, 
town treasurer, as one of the committee to build a meeting- 
house and a parsonage, to raise the salary for the minister, to 
enlarge the social library of the village, and in various other posi- 
tions. It is stated in the " History of Oxford" that he was a 



PETER BUTLER 199 

man of "much strength of character, with a remarkable memory, 
well stored with the productions of English writers and with 
local traditions, and endowed with rare powers of conversation.' ' 

His third son, Peter, began his active life as a clerk in the store 
of his uncle, James, at Rutland, Vermont. After a few years he 
went to Boston, and was employed in the store of John C. Proc- 
tor, a hardware merchant. He proved to be a very efficient and 
valuable clerk, and, while still a young man, he became a part- 
ner. He married, September 5, 1843, Lucia, the daughter of 
Deacon John C. Proctor, the senior member of the firm. After 
the financial crisis of 1837 and 1838, the old firm was dissolved 
and a new firm was formed, with the name of Proctor and Butler, 
occupying the store at No. 89 State Street. In the forties 
this firm was among the principal shippers of goods to the 
great West, then filling up rapidly with settlers. When Deacon 
Proctor retired, Mr. Butler, with the two principal clerks, formed 
a new business firm, known as Butler, Keith, and Hill. Subse- 
quently Mr. Butler was at the head of the firms of Butler, Sise, 
and Company, and Butler, Johnson, and Company. These 
firms were very enterprising, and did much to build up the for- 
eign and domestic trade of Boston. 

Mr. Butler became interested in the plans for building rail- 
roads in New Hampshire and Vermont, and Canada, to perfect a 
line of communication between Boston and the St. Lawrence. 
He was intimately associated with the projectors of the Boston, 
Concord, and Montreal, the Vermont Central, the Connecticut 
and Passumpsic, and the Ogdensburg railways. He was also 
interested with General Whitney, in 1865, in starting a line of 
freight steamers to New York. He lost heavily in the great 
fire, and retired from trade soon after. 

He resided for more than thirty years in Quincy, at the Quincy 
Mansion, one of the oldest mansions in the country. He had a 
choice library and a large collection of rare and curious relics of 
the past. 

In politics he was a Webster Whig, and was an intimate friend 
of that statesman. On the dissolution of the Whig party, he 



200 DAVID PULSIFER 

joined the Democratic party. He was not prominent as a can- 
didate for any public office, but he had great influence in the 
councils of his party, and he contributed funds for campaign 
expenses. In his personal and business relations Mr. Butler 
was much esteemed, and there was never any question as to his 
business integrity. He left a number of children, one of whom 
was graduated at Harvard College and the Harvard Law 
School, was second comptroller of the treasury under President 
Cleveland, and a successful lawyer in Boston. 



DAVID PULSIFER 

David Pulsifer, a Resident Member, elected June 2, 1847, 
died at Augusta, Maine, August 9, 1894, in his ninety-second 
year, and was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, in that city, 
by the side of his wife. He was the fourth son of Captain David 
and Mrs. Sarah (Stanwood) Pulsifer, of Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
in which town he was born, on September 22, 1802. He began 
going to school when he was four years old. The school was 
kept in the house where Rev. John Norton lived, who was settled, 
in 1636, as colleague of Rev. Nathaniel Ward, author of the 
" Simple Cobler of Aggawam," which book Mr. Pulsifer edited 
and published nearly two centuries after the author's death. 

"When I was about six years old," Mr. Pulsifer wrote, "I was 
sent to the Middle District School. W T hile there, when I was 
about eleven years old, our master, Rev. Ebenezer Hubbard, 
called to me from his desk, 'David, don't you want a book to 
read? ' I went to the desk and he handed me a volume of 
Mavor's Voyages, in which was an account of Sir Walter Ra- 
leigh's Voyages, which interested me in Sir Walter exceedingly. 
. . . When President James Monroe visited New England, I 
stood with my schoolmates in honor of the President while he 
rode slowly by us with his hat in his hand. 



DAVID PULSIFER 201 

"When I was fifteen years of age I went to Salem to learn the 
art of bookbinding, of Mr. Isaac Cushing. While there, Benja- 
min R. Nichols, Esq., brought all the original records of Ply- 
mouth Colony, from 1620 to 1686, and had them interleaved 
and newly bound. He also brought the copies that he had made* 
and Hazard's Historical Collections, containing the Acts of the 
Commissioners of the United Colonies. I made copies of the 
Plymouth Charter, Myles Standish's Will and Inventory, and 
some Quaker l Railing Papers.' 

"Rev. William Bentley came to the bindery occasionally, and 
would bring a book and stay till it was done, saying, as he 
came, 'I have brought a book to be stabadoed,' meaning not to 
be taken apart. He was very much interested in the Plymouth 
records.' " 

Before Mr. Pulsifer was twenty-one years old he entered the 
office of Ichabod Tucker, clerk of the Essex County Courts. There 
he remained about eight years. In February, 1841, he came to 
Boston, and was employed as a bookkeeper by James Munroe 
and Company, publishers and booksellers. He was afterwards 
employed in the offices of the Clerk of the Courts and Registry of 
Deeds in the County of Middlesex, and transcribed several of 
the ancient books of record in each office. He had then become 
familiar with the handwriting of the seventeenth century, and 
gained a high reputation for his skill in deciphering it. He also 
copied the records of the old County of Norfolk, which comprised 
the portion of the present County of Essex north of the Merri- 
mac and a part of the present State of New Hampshire. For 
the American Antiquarian Society he copied the first volume of 
the Massachusetts Colony Records, a part of which was pub- 
lished by that society in the third volume of its Transactions. The 
printing of the records was discontinued, when in May, 1853, the 
Massachusetts General Court voted to print its early colony 
records. Hon. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., was appointed 
editor of the work, and Mr. Pulsifer was employed as copyist. 
Mr. Pulsifer's copy of the first volume was purchased of the 
Antiquarian Society by the State, and was used in printing the 



202 DAVID PULSIFER 

work. After the issue of the Massachusetts Colony Records to 
1686 was completed in five volumes, the State authorized the 
printing of the Plymouth Colony Records, and Dr. Shurtleff was 
appointed editor. Mr. Pulsifer copied a large portion of both 
works, though others assisted. In 1858, after the issue of six 
volumes (bound in four) of the Plymouth Records, Mr. Pulsifer 
succeeded Dr. ShurtlerT as editor, and completed the work in 
twelve volumes. The tenth and eleventh volumes of these 
records comprise the Acts of the Commissioners of the United 
Colonies, and the editing of them is a model of thoroughness. 
Nearly the whole of two or more volumes, which do not bear his 
name as editor, were edited by him, the title-pages and a few 
pages of the text of each work having been stereotyped before 
his appointment. An account of the printing of these records 
and Mr. Pulsifer's connection with it may be found in the Reg- 
ister for July, 1885, p. 284-286. See also notices in the 
Register for October, 1858, p. 85, by Hon. Timothy Farrar, 
LL.D., and the editor, Samuel G. Drake, A.M. 

Mr. Pulsifer continued to be a clerk in the office of the Secretary 
of State till about a dozen years before his death. He married, 
in 1867, Mrs. Lucie Whaer, whose maiden name was Safford. 
She was a daughter of James and Mary Safford, and was born at 
China, Maine. She died at Boston, October 28, 1887, aged sixty- 
five, and was buried at Augusta, Maine. 

He published: 1. " Inscriptions from the Burying Grounds at 
Salem," 8vo, 1837. 2. " A Guide to Boston and Vicinity," 12mo, 
1860. This was based on "Sights in Boston and Suburbs," by 
the lateR. L. Midgley, whose copyright and plates he purchased. 
3. "Account of theBattleof Bunker Hill, with General Burgoyne's 
Account," 18mo, 1872. He also edited an edition of "The 
Simple Cobler of Aggawam," by Rev. Nathaniel Ward, 12mo, 
1843; "A Poetical Epistle to George Washington," by Rev. 
Charles H. Wharton, 12mo, 1881; and "The Christian's A, B, C," 
written by an unknown author in a previous century, 1883. 

Mr. Pulsifer was librarian of this Society from 1849 to 1851, 
and recording secretary in 1857. He transcribed for the early 



JOSEPH BURNETT 203 

volumes of the Register, the records of Boston, and contributed 
other articles to this work. 

He was an active member of the Masonic fraternity, being a 
member of the Winslow Lewis Lodge. He was a fellow of the 
American Statistical Association, elected in 1848, and was its 
librarian, 1863-65. He was a contributor of valuable articles to 
the early volumes of the Register. In 1863 Amherst College 
conferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. 

He was a resident of Boston till a few years before his death, 
when he removed to Everett, Massachusetts, and subsequently 
to Augusta, Maine. 



JOSEPH BURNETT 

Joseph Burnett, a Life Member, elected in 1876, was born in 
Southborough, Massachusetts, November 11, 1820, and died 
there, August 11, 1894. 

He was a son of Charles and Keziah (Pond) Burnett. 

He received his education in the district schools of his native 
town, and afterwards attended the English and Latin School, at 
Worcester, where he lived for two years. 

In 1837 he moved to Boston, and was associated as clerk and 
partner with Theodore Metcalf, on Tremont Street. He left this 
business in 1854, and established the well-known firm of manu- 
facturing chemists, Joseph Burnett and Company, at No. 27 
Central Street. 

In 1850 he built "Deerfoot" on the extensive lands of Deer- 
foot Farm, which he owned, and on which he kept one of the 
finest herds of Jersey cows in this country. In 1862 he built, 
and gave to the parish, the stone church of St. Mark's, in the 
village of Southborough. He afterwards founded and gave St. 
Mark's School. He was, during his life, vestryman of St. Paul's, 
Hopkinton; St. John's, Framingham; Holy Trinity, Marlborough; 



204 MATTHEW ADAMS STICKNEY 

and a member of the original corporation of the Church of the 
Advent, Boston. 

In 1878 and 1879 he was president of the Boston Druggists' 
Association. He was appointed prison commissioner, and w T as 
chairman of that body when it built the Reformatory Prison for 
Women at Sherborn. 

He married, June 20, 1848, Josephine, daughter of Edward and 
Ruth (Torrey) Cutter, of Boston, by whom he had twelve chil- 
dren: Edward (Harvard, 1871); Harry (Harvard, 1873); Robert 
Manton; Rev. Waldo (Oxford University, 1878); Josephine; 
Esther; Ruth; Charles Cutter; Richard Torrey; John Torrey; 
Louisa; and Elinor. 



MATTHEW ADAMS STICKNEY 



Matthew Adams Stickney, made a Corresponding Member 
in 1847, was born in Rowley, Massachusetts, September 23, 1805, 
and died in Salem, August 12, 1894. 

He was of the seventh generation from William Stickney and 
his wife Elizabeth, who came to Boston, and were of the original 
settlers in Rowley, where a grant of land in the first apportion- 
ment was made to William Stickney in 1643. Matthew traced 
his descent from William through Amos 2 , Benjamin, 3 Samuel 4 , 
Jedediah 5 , and Dudley 6 . His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of 
Charles and Elizabeth (Fowler) Davis, of Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts. He was twice married : first, on April 7, 1833, to Mary 
Elizabeth Smith, who died May 9, 1834; and second, December 
25, 1838, to Lucy Waters, who died February 13, 1847. Three 
daughters by his second wife survived him. 

On what seemed to him satisfactory ground for a solid infer- 
ence, he believed Stickney, a village in Lincolnshire, nine miles 
north of Boston, to have been the English home of the family at 
some time, and that they probably came from Normandy in the 
train of the Norman conqueror. 



MATTHEW ADAMS STICKNEY 205 

In 1869 he published a volume of 526 octavo pages, "The 
Stickney Family," containing the genealogy and history of the 
family; in 1883, a volume of 247 octavo pages, entitled "The 
Fowler Family" [that of his mother]; "A Genealogical Memoir 
of the Descendants of Philip and Mary Fowler, of Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts; ten generations, 1590-1882." Besides these he left 
in manuscript the genealogies and histories of the families of 
Robert Calef (the author of "More Wonders of the Invisible 
World"), and of William Waters, a householder of Boston in 
1652. These two genealogies would make a work of over six 
hundred pages in print, and are in form for publication. Robert 
Calef and William Waters were ancestors of his living children. 

He also contributed valuable papers to the Register, the 
"American Journal of Numismatics," and the Essex Institute 
Historical Collections. 

Mr. Stickney was more than a genealogist, he was emphati- 
cally a collector. At ten years of age he had collected nearly two 
thousand birds' eggs, a §ign of the coming man. Of ancient fur- 
niture, wedding-rings, family records, Indian relics, and alma- 
nacs, he had great store. His almanacs, commencing with 1666, 
perhaps make the most complete collection to be found. Auto- 
graphs and letters of the signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, and of Washington and his generals (including many of 
the French officers), of statesmen and men of note of the Revo- 
lutionary period, fill a long and orderly array of volumes upon 
his shelves. As a collector of coins and a numismatist especially 
he was most widely known, having begun his collection at an 
early age, and possessed himself 'in the course of his long life of a 
very great number of coins, including the rarest and most sought 
after. For early issues of American paper money he was also a 
keen and successful forager. 

Mr. Stickney was not of that class of collectors who are satis- 
fied with mere accumulation. He was an intelligent and dis- 
criminating authority upon the relative merits and value of the 
coins, "curios," and ancient relics which he gathered. He was 
acquainted with books; and the study of early New England 



206 JAMES WHEATON CONVERSE 

history was his solace in many an hour of suffering, as his health, 
never firm, brought to him in the latter years of life many weary 
hours, which at once accounted for his habits, which were those 
of a recluse, and afforded him such occupation as suited his con- 
dition, and protected him from the sense of vacancy and useless- 
ness which is often the lot of the invalid solitary. He was never 
at a loss for something to do. 



AMZI BENEDICT DAVENPORT 

Amzi Benedict Davenport, a Corresponding Member, elected 
in 1850, was born in New Canaan, Connecticut, October 30, 1817, 
and died in Brooklyn, New York, August 24, 1894. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Davenport, by his son, Prof. Charles Benedict 
Davenport, A.M., see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. lvi-lviii. 



JAMES WHEATON CONVERSE 

James Wheaton Converse, a Life Member, elected in 1870, 
was born in Thompson, Connecticut, January 11, 1808, and died 
in Swampscott, Massachusetts, August 26, 1894. 

When he was six years old, he removed with his parents to 
Woodstock, Connecticut, and two years later to Dover, Massa- 
chusetts, and from there to Needham. At the age of thirteen 
he came to Boston, where his uncles, Joseph and Benjamin Con- 
verse, gave him employment, and seven years later assisted him 
to begin business for himself in the Boy 1st on Market. In 1832 
he entered into partnership with W 7 illiam Hardwick, in the boot, 
shoe, and leather business. In 1833 he joined Isaac Field in con- 
ducting a hide and leather business, under the firm name of 



WILLIAM EDWARD COFFIN 207 

Field and Converse. Five years later Isaac Field retired, and his 
brother John Field took his place. In 1870 Mr. Converse re- 
tired from the business to give attention to his growing railroad, 
banking, real estate, and other interests. 

He was a director of the Mechanics Bank, of Boston, from its 
organization in 1836, and its president from 1847 to 1886. In 
I 1870 he was appointed receiver of the old Hartford and Erie 
Railroad, and piloted that corporation through a perilous time. 
He was president of the Boston Rubber Shoe Company, of the 
Colorado Smelting Company, and of the Boston Land Company. 
He had large investments at the West, especially in and around 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. He was liberal in his gifts to the needy 
and to educational and benevolent institutions. 

He married, in 1833, Emeline, daughter of Nathan Coolidge, of 
Boston. She died a few years before her husband. They had 
three children: James W., Jr., died in 1876; Costello Coolidge, 
and Emma Maria Converse. 



WILLIAM EDWARD COFFIN 

William Edward Coffin, of Boston, a Life Member of this 
Society since 1870, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 1, 1812, and died at Savin Hill, Dorchester, August 29, 
1894. 

The family traces its descent from Peter Coffin, of Brixton, 
County of Devon, England, who died in England in 1628. Tris- 
tram, his eldest son, was born in Brixton in 1605. He married 
Dionis Stevens, and in 1642 emigrated to America, with his large 
family. He lived alternately in Salisbury, Haverhill, and New- 
bury, until 1659, when he removed to Nantucket, where he died 
in 1681. His grandson, Peter Coffin, came from Newbury to 
Gloucester in 1688, and occupied a tract of land that his father 
had purchased. His grandson, also named Peter, lived in 



208 WILLIAM EDWARD COFFIN 

Gloucester from 1747 till his death in 1796. He was one of the 
leading citizens of the town, an active patriot during the 
Revolutionary War, and the principal acting magistrate in town 
for many years. William Coffin, his son, born in 1756, was an 
esteemed physician in Gloucester for nearly half a century. 
Edward Langdon Coffin, son of Dr. William, was a shipmaster 
in Gloucester. 

His son, William Edward Coffin, was educated in the schools 
of his native town of Gloucester, and engaged in business in 
Boston. He became identified with the great iron industry, in 
the days when the city was aglow with the light of furnace fires. 
He was easily the foremost iron manufacturer of Boston, ener- 
getic, enterprising, liberal, and popular; and he amassed a large 
fortune. He was a principal owner in the Boston Machine Com- 
pany, the Pembroke Iron Works, and the Franconia Iron Works. 
He became one of the merchant princes of Boston. By a series 
of misfortunes, which were due rather to the changes in the 
course of the iron business than to any fault or failure of his own, 
he lost his fortune, and lived in narrow circumstances, through 
a peaceful and honored old age. He bore the strange reverses of 
fortune with remarkable fortitude, and continued to the end the 
same brave, kind-hearted, loyal, and loving gentleman that he 
had been in the more prosperous years. 

He was one of the early antislavery men, a personal friend of 
Garrison, Phillips, and Sumner, and a generous contributor to 
the cause of freedom. 

He married Marguretta Cotton, daughter of Joseph Cotton, 
June 18, 1840. 






DAOTEL RAVENEL 209 



DANIEL RAVENEL 

k 

Daniel Ravenel, of Charleston, South Carolina, a Corre- 
sponding Member of this Society, was born September 5, 1834, 
and died in Charleston, September 4, 1894. He was of the sixth 
generation of a Huguenot family, honorably identified with 
South Carolina for more than two centuries. 

It is not generally known, but is, nevertheless, an historical 
fact, that as early as the 10th of February, 1629, French Protes- 
tant refugees in England were in communication with Charles I 
for planting a colony in what is now South Carolina, and that the 
patent issued to Sir Robert Heath,* as sole proprietor of this 
extensive region, grew out of the proposals of Soubise, Due de 
Fontenay, representing French refugees in England, whose name 
is indissolubly associated with Rochelle, France, and of Antoine 
de Ridouet, Baron de Sance, his secretary. 

In 1630 a colony of French Protestants actually sailed from 
England for Carolina, and, as this most interesting record shows, 
in the ship " Mayflower." Could it have been the same vessel 
that carried the Puritans to Plymouth Rock? 

These unfortunate French colonists were forced to endure 
sacrifices and disappointments. For some unexplained cause 
they were landed in Virginia, and although the owners of the 
vessel were made to pay £600 damages for the miscarriage of 
this hopeful voyage, it was insignificant, in comparison with the 
loss of an early and promising founding, forty years in advance of 
the Ashley-river settlement, in the spring of 1670. 

The Huguenots were among the earliest settlers under the 
grant of Charles II to the Eight Lords Proprietors. Between 
1670 and 1680 they were in numbers equal to the founding 
of a church in Charleston, and the lot at the southeast 

* "Genesis of South Carolina," Charleston, South Carolina, 1895. 



210 DANIEL RAVENEL 

corner of Queen and Church streets in that city has been 
occupied since 1680-81 by church buildings of the French 
Protestants. 

Among those who arrived in 1685 was Rene Ravenel, who was 
born at Vitre, Bretagne, France, September 26, 1656. In 1687 
180 families arrived. These French emigrants and many others 
purchased lands from the numerous and powerful tribe of Santee 
Indians, and " lived in their midst with remarkable and continu- 
ous friendship, doing them no injustice or wrong." 

Rene Ravenel married Charlotte de St. Julien, demoiselle de 
Meslin, on October 24, 1687. She was a daughter of a French 
refugee. Of his sons, Daniel Ravenel, born in 1692, lived at 
Summerton plantation, in St. John's, Berkeley, near the present 
"Black Oak" P.O. His wife was Elizabeth Damaris de St. 
Julien, a native of Charleston, whose father had emigrated from 
Vitre. 

At the Summerton plantation, the chief burial-place of the 
Ravenels remains to this day. Daniel Ravenel, of " Summerton," 
had a son, " Daniel of Wantout" plantation, born May 4, 1732. 
His son Daniel was born April 11, 1762, died August 15, 1807. 
He was the father of Henry Ravenel, born October 10, 1795, who 
married Miss Elizabeth Peronneau Coffin, born February 24, 
1806, who was descended from the Coffin and Amory families of 
Massachusetts. 

Daniel Ravenel was educated at the classical school of the 
late Christopher Cotes, an English gentleman of marked ability 
as a teacher, and subsequently graduated at the college of Charles- 
ton. He entered upon business life in the then widely known 
house of Ravenel Brothers and Company, his uncles, conducting 
a very extensive business at home and abroad. 

He was a man of literary tastes. In his select library could be 
seen every book or pamphlet relating to South Carolina or 
Huguenot history that was available on either side of the Atlan- 
tic. All the early maps and rare plates of Carolina he had also 
gathered up. His tastes were all on refined lines. He was well 
informed in numismatics, that seemingly attracts so few devo- 



ELISHA CLARK LEONARD 211 

tees, and yet is so instructive and so beautiful. His collection of 
book plates was certainly the largest in number, the most valu- 
able in rarity, and the most captivating, in the South. These 
precious collections were not selfishly held — "lights hid under 
a bushel." Library, coins and medals, book plates, all were 
open to their respective lovers, to make free use of them. How 
grateful now, these pleasant memories! 

Mr. Ravenel became a member of the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society in 1875, and remained so to death. He 
manifested a strong interest in the objects of the society, was a 
donor to its collections, and always a trustworthy and ready 
source for any information in this possession. 

Mr. Ravenel married, on January 24, 1866, Harriet Parker, of 
Columbia, South Carolina, daughter of Dr. H. W. Parker. Mrs. 
Ravenel, a son, and a daughter (the seventh generation), sur- 
vived him. 

A memoir was also published in Register, vol. xlix, pp. 297-299. 



ELISHA CLARK LEONARD 

Elisha Clark Leonard, of New Bedford, Massachusetts, was 
born in Rochester, Massachusetts, September 3, 1819, and died 
in New Bedford, September 7, 1894. He was elected a Resi- 
dent Member in 1866. 

The Leonards of Massachusetts are descended from an 
ancient English family. It is said that the Leonards of England 
were interested in the iron works at Bilston, Stafford County. 
The three brothers who came to this country about the middle 
of the seventeenth century were sons of Thomas Leonard, who 
seems to have lived at Pont y pool, Monmouth County, Wales. 
Henry Leonard, son of Thomas, was at Lynn in 1642, and it is 
supposed he was engaged in the iron works in that town at that 
date. In 1652 the town of Taunton voted that Henry Leonard 



212 ELISHA CLARK LEONARD 

and his brother James have free consent "to set up a bloomery 
work on the Two-Mile River." This was the first iron manu- 
factory in the Old Colony. The Leonards were interested in 
iron works in various places, so that it used to be said that 
" where you can find iron works, there you will find a Leonard.'' 

The ancestral line of our associate in this Society runs thus : 
Thomas 1 ; James 2 , who married in Lynn, and was made a free- 
man in that town in 1668; Benjamin 3 ; Joseph 4 , born 1692; 
Philip 5 ; George 6 ; Nehemiah 7 , who married Hannah Tinkham 
(Clark) ; and Elisha Clark 8 . 

Mr. Leonard was a successful business man, a genealogist, and 
an antiquary. He was educated in the Friends' Academy in 
New Bedford, and the Peirce Academy in Middleborough. 

In his early manhood he was engaged in the oil business with 
his father in New Bedford. In 1850 he engaged in the same 
business in Springfield, with Francis Rodman. In 1856 he en- 
gaged in the carpet business in New Bedford. In 1857 he was 
a member of the City Council. In 1871-72 he was United States 
assistant assessor, and in 1873-76 he was deputy collector of in- 
ternal revenue. After that time he was not in active business. 

He wrote a number of valuable papers for the Old Colony His- 
torical Society, of which he was for many years a director. 
Among his historical papers were: "Reminiscences of the 
Ancient Iron Works and Leonard Mansions of Taunton, and 
King Philip's Gift to James Leonard." He left a fine collection 
of family records, and much valuable material concerning ancient 
boundaries and landmarks. 

He was also a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and occupied a number of honorable positions in that order. 

Hon. William W. Crapo, of New Bedford, spoke of Mr. Leon- 
ard, at a memorial meeting held in Historical Hall in that city, 
as the most gifted historical student in the community: "He 
loved the Old Colony, its history, its traditions, its men. No 
incident of the early times was too minute for his patient inves- 
tigation. Give him a clew, and he would hunt and delve until he 
found the answer." 



SAMUEL HENRY GOOKIN 213 

Mr. Leonard married, November 24, 1842, Elizabeth Bourne 
Ellis, daughter of Thomas and Rosetta Howland Ellis. A son 
and two daughters survived him. 



SAMUEL HENRY GOOKIN 

Samuel Henry Gookin, who was elected a Resident Member 
in 1869, and became a Life Member in 1870, was born in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, May 21, 1820, and died at Lexington, 
Massachusetts, September 23, 1894. He was the seventh in 
direct descent from Major-General Daniel Gookin, of Virginia, of 
the first quarter of the seventeenth century, later living in Bos- 
ton and Cambridge. His grandfather was John Cotton Gookin, 
of Portland, Maine, and his father was Colonel Samuel Gookin. 

His mother was Mary Patterson, daughter of Captain William 
Patterson, of Salem, Massachusetts. In his youth he came to 
Boston to live* Ultimately he became a member of the dry- 
goods firm of Sweetser, Gookin, and Company, who were suc- 
ceeded by Sweetser, Gookin, and Swan, and they again by S. H. 
Gookin and Company. He was one of the prominent jobbing 
merchants of this city. In 1857 his house was obliged to sus- 
pend, but went bravely along until 1861, when it again had to 
bow to adverse circumstances. However, as he was a man of 
untiring energy and great courage, he made a third fortune 
before the decade had passed, when he retired from active busi- 
ness, becoming interested in some successful and some unsuc- 
cessful railroad enterprises. His interest in the politics of the 
south and west parts of Boston, where he had his residence, was 
always unselfish, yet warm. In the William Henry Harrison 
campaign he "took the stump for the Whig candidate." 
Genial and social, energetic and charitable, he drew about him- 
self many friends. He was married twice ; his first wife being a 
sister of Mr. True M. Ball, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and 



214 ARIEL STANDISH THURSTON 

his second, a sister of Mrs. Ball (Miss Sistare), of New York. 
His children were Mr. C. B. Gookin, of Joy, Langdon, and Com- 
pany, of Boston, and Miss Gookin and Mrs. William K. Munroe, 
of Lexington. For several years Mr. Gookin lived quietly in 
Lexington, where he died. 



ARIEL STANDISH THURSTON 

Ariel Standish Thurston, a Resident Member, elected in 
1868, was born in Goffstown, New Hampshire, June 11, 1810, 
and died in West Braddock, Pennsylvania, September 23, 1894. 

He was the son of Stephen and Philomelia (Parish) Thurston. 

He prepared for college at the Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, New Hampshire. He entered Amherst College in 1828, 
but left at the end of one year, and began the study of law, being 
engaged meanwhile in teaching school. He began to practice 
law in 1836, and settled in Elmira, New York. He soon won a 
local reputation, and had a wide and lucrative business as a 
partner of the law firm of Wisner and Thurston. In 1850 he 
was appointed judge and surrogate of Chemung County. He 
retired from this position after five years, and in 1859 he was 
appointed State assessor and a member of the Board of Equal- 
ization. He served as a supervisor of the erection of the county 
buildings, and for a long period as one of the Board of Managers 
of the New York Reformatory. At the suggestion of the super- 
intendent, he drew the act providing for indeterminate sen- 
tences to that institution, which became known as the " Elmira 
system." Later, he was senior partner of the law firm of Thurs- 
ton, Hart, and Benn, and also Thurston, Hart, and McGuire, 
which had the largest practice of any in the county. After re- 
tiring from these partnerships, he still had his law office, and con- 
tinued to practice his profession. 

He was married three times: first, September 8, 1836, to Julia 



FREDERICK DEANE ALLEN 215 

Clark Hart, who died in 1844, and by this marriage there were 
three children; second, May 7, 1846, Cornelia Sophia Hull, who 
died in 1865, leaving five children; third, April 12, 1867, Mrs. 
Georgiana (Converse) Gibson, who, with five of his eight chil- 
dren, survived him. 



FREDERICK DEANE ALLEN 

Frederick Deane Allen, of Boston, a Resident Member, 
elected in 1865, died September 28, 1894, at the age of eighty-six 
years. He was the son of Deacon Otis Allen and his wife 
Susanna (Deane), of Mansfield, Massachusetts. He was born 
on July 8, 1808. He was the seventh of a line of New England 
ancestry, each of whom had held the office of deacon. The first 
of this line was Samuel Allen, who lived in Braintree, and died 
in 1669. His descendants in direct line were Samuel, 2d, 
Josiah, Micah, Micah, 2d, and Otis, the father of the subject of 
this sketch. 

Frederick Deane Allen was but seventeen years old when he 
came to Boston from Taunton, where he had lived two years. 
He entered the employ of Mr. Holbrook, on Washington Street. 
At the early age of twenty-one he entered into partnership with 
William Fowle, under the style of Fowle and Allen, and they car- 
ried on a wholesale dry-goods business at the corner of Milk and 
Kilby streets. 

In 1839 the firm was dissolved, and succeeded by Allen and 
Minot, which was again followed by the firm of Allen, Whiting, 
Lane, and Washburn. In 1865 the firm became Allen, Lane, 
and Company, which was replaced in January, 1894, by the 
corporation entitled " The Allen Lane Company." Mr. Allen was 
in active business as a member of a firm for sixty-five years, and 
for forty years of this time had Hon. Jonathan A. Lane as his 
partner. 



216 FREDERICK DEANE ALLEN 

His remarkable vigor and activity up to the age of fourscore 
and six years were the surprise and admiration of all who met 
him in active business. 

He was one of the directors of the National Bank of the 
Republic at its formation, and remained so until his death. He 
served the Old South Church for many years as its deacon; was 
all his life interested in Sunday-School work, and for seventy 
years, without intermission, acted either as Sunday-School 
teacher or superintendent. He was especially kind to the 
poor, and many mourn him as their most faithful friend in 
trouble. • It is significant of the place he held in the business 
community that twenty-one leading commission houses of 
Boston closed their stores during the hour of his funeral service. 

His fellow-directors in the Bank of the Republic paid the fol- 
lowing tribute to his memory: — 

"His associates in the bank for many years, with a deep sense 
of personal bereavement, desire to place on the records of this 
bank their high appreciation of his character as manifested in 
all the relations of his long and useful life ; as a kind and sympa- 
thetic friend; a father, honored and revered in the family; an 
exemplary merchant, 'diligent in business,' and of the highest 
integrity in all business intercourse; a charitable and public- 
spirited citizen, giving freely of his time and means for the fur- 
therance of every good work in the community and in the 
church. " 

The minutes of the church committee of the Old South Church, 
Boston, also contain the following words : — 

"He was a devoted and consistent disciple of the Master from 
his youth, and a venerated officer of this church since 1870. 
. . . We enjoyed his companionship, we trusted his judgment, 
and respected his counsel. Genial and sympathetic in temper- 
ament, it was a pleasure to meet him and receive his cordial 
greeting. He was never happier than when serving the church 
he so dearly loved. His memory will ever be tenderly and affec- 
tionately cherished by us who survive him." 

On June 17, 1833, he married Mary Richmond Baylies, daugh- 



GRIND ALL REYNOLDS 217 

ter of Thomas Baylies, of Taunton. She died in 1883. He 
left three children, a daughter and two sons, Rev. Frederick 
Baylies Allen, superintendent of the Episcopal City Mission, and 
Francis R. Allen, architect. He also left six grandchildren and 
two great-grandchildren. 



GRINDALL REYNOLDS 

Grindall Reynolds, a Resident Member, elected in 1875, 
was born in Franconia, New Hampshire, December 22, 1822, 
and died in Concord, Massachusetts, September 30, 1894. He 
was the second child of his parents, Grindall and Cynthia Rey- 
nolds. His mother's family name was Kendall. His father was 
a soldier of the Revolution, in turn private, ensign, lieutenant, 
and captain. When his son was born, he was manager of some 
large iron works. The child learned his letters at his mother's 
knee. There also he learned to read the Bible. At the early age 
of four he was sent to the district school, in a rudely constructed 
schoolhouse, with its desks primitive and hacked, its seats 
hard, the discipline harsh. When he was five his family took him 
with them to Boston, and he lived there successively on Essex 
Street and at Fort Hill. He attended a primary school on the 
corner of Federal and High streets until he was seven. Pro- 
moted then to the Washington Grammar School, he graduated 
there at twelve with the Franklin medal. Next he went to the 
English High School, where for a large portion of his three years' 
course he was under the tuition of the well-known Thomas 
Sherwin. His graduation there was at the age of fifteen years 
and six months, again with a Franklin medal. For the four 
years and a half ensuing he was with the dry-goods merchants, 
Thomas Tarbel and Company, passing from errand-boy to book- 
keeper in their employ. In 1843 he left business to study a year 
and a half with the Rev. Chandler Robbins in preparation for the 



218 GRIND ALL REYNOLDS 

Cambridge Divinity School, which he entered in 1844, and from 
which he was graduated in 1847. He was ordained the next year, 
and became the pastor of the Unitarian Church at Jamaica Plain, 
remaining there a little more than ten years. At that time he 
accepted a call to the First Parish at Concord, Massachusetts, 
and labored there for twenty-three years as the active pastor, 
afterwards being pastor emeritus until his death. In 1881 he was 
chosen the secretary of the American Unitarian Association, and 
held that office as long as he lived. Harvard University gave 
him the degree of Doctor, of Divinity in 1894. 

As an author he produced for denominational magazines eight 
or ten articles, for the " Atlantic Monthly" about the same 
number, and as many pamphlets bore his name. His discourses 
impressed one with his " vigor and spiritual muscularity." What 
he wrote for the press showed " conscientious thoroughness and 
structural strength." " He was a severe censor of his own liter- 
ary work, revising and rewriting till his page reflected the exact 
measure and shading of his thought." Even his extemporaneous 
utterances had much of the solidity and careful accuracy of his 
written words; "and there were occasions when he was roused 
to remarkable power, and his statement came swift, strong, 
square, unanswerable, settling the matter in debate beyond 
dispute." 

Judge E. R. Hoar, who drew the resolutions passed by the 
Concord parish on the occasion of his death, said of him: "No 
call to larger duties or a more conspicuous position has ever 
changed his relation to this parish or this town. He has lived 
and died our minister, and he loved us, and we loved him to the 
end." 

These sentences from a paper written by one of the Second 
Congregational Parish, formerly a deacon of the church con- 
nected with it, and read before a social club in Concord, give a 
local estimate of the subject of this sketch: — 

"A man of noble presence, cordial and hearty in his manners, 
kindly always, he would suffer a wrong — never do one. He 
was a wise counsellor, a sincere and steadfast friend. . . . His 



GRINDALL REYNOLDS 219 

genuine sympathy was manifest in his acquaintance with the 
personal history of the boys in blue of the Concord quota — their 
experiences and needs. When the bullet or disease brought 
sorrow to our homes and hearts, his great heart was poured out 
in sympathy and consolation. No soldier's obsequies lacked his 
timely and grateful word. . . . He was the best man of his time 
on the [school] committee, and his interest in the schools did 
not cease with his retirement. ... He was an enthusiastic biog- 
rapher. The Social Circle in Concord owes him a deep debt of 
gratitude for the untiring zeal with which he sought out the facts 
and prepared the biographies of many of its deceased members. 
This society dates back to 1782, and was the peace product of 
the ' Committee of Safety' of the Revolution, organized 'to 
strengthen the social affections, and disseminate useful com- 
munications among its members.' ... He was broad and lib- 
eral. . . . When told on his way to attend the funeral of an 
estimable lady that she had recently embraced some peculiar 
views, his reply was : l Her views do not make the slightest dif- 
ference/ ... In his former field of labor, it was not custom- 
ary to make remarks at funerals, but coming to this town, 
where the old custom still obtains, he at once conformed with the 
usage, and so wise and comforting and just were his words, that 
he was sought to officiate by many outside his own charge. 
There are many living to-day who had hoped Mr. Reynolds 
would survive them and attend their funeral. ... He was a 
man of pure and lofty aims, of sincere and sympathetic friend- 
ship, of broad charity, of unswerving fidelity to truth and right 
and justice, fearless and modest, a Christian gentleman.' ' 



220 JAMES ANTHONY FROUDE 



JAMES ANTHONY FROUDE 

James Anthony Froude, of London, England, a Correspond- 
ing Member from 1886, and elected an Honorary Member 
in 1890, was born in Darlington, Devonshire, England, 
April 23, 1818, and died in Salcombe, Devonshire, October 
20, 1894. 

He was a son of Archdeacon Froude, of Totnes. 

He was educated at the Westminster School, and at Oxford, 
where he took his bachelor's degree in 1840, and won the Chan- 
cellor's English prize essay in 1842. He was elected to a fel- 
lowship in 1842, and was ordained a deacon in the Established 
Church in 1844. He was, at that time, interested in the tractarian 
movement at Oxford, under Newman, and the other great leaders, 
and he contributed to its literature in his " Lives of the Saints." 
But there came a sudden change after a few years, and in 1848 
he published "Nemesis of Faith," a book which lost its author 
the fellowship, and a valuable position as an educator, and 
brought upon him the condemnation of the Church. He had 
little interest in clerical work at any time, but continued "in 
orders," until 1872, when the passage of the Clerical Disabilities 
Act gave him the occasion for a formal renunciation of the 
ministry. 

He made his mark first as a writer for "Fraser's Magazine," 
and his brilliant articles were collected in the volumes, entitled, 
"Short Studies on Great Subjects." The "History of England 
from the Fall of Cardinal Wolsey to the Defeat of the Spanish 
Armada," a work in twelve volumes, occupied him about fifteen 
years. His later historical works were: " Divorce of Catherine of 
Aragon," the "Spanish Story of the Armada," "Becket," 



PETER THACHER 221 

" Caesar," "The English in Ireland in the Eighteenth Century," 
and "The Life of Erasmus.'' He was also the author of several 
volumes of a different character, such as "Oceanica," a narra- 
tive of his voyage to Australia ; the "English in the West Indies ;" 
"John Bunyan;" "Lord Beaconsfield ; " "Reminiscences of 
Thomas Carlyle;" "The First Forty Years of the Life of Thomas 
Carlyle;" and "Carlyle's Life in London." His period of author- 
ship extended over fifty years, and the number of his volumes was 
not much short of sixty. 

He was made rector of St. Andrew's in 1869, and was 
appointed regius professor of Modern History at Oxford in 
1892. 



PETER THACHER 

Peter Thacher, of Newtonville, was born in Kennebunk, 
Maine, October 14, 1810, and died in Newtonville, October 21, 
1894. He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 
1872. 

Mr. Thacher belonged to an honored New England family, 
which was descended from Rev. Peter Thacher, who was born 
in England about 1588. He received the degree of B.A. from 
Corpus Christi College, Oxford, in 1608, and the degree of M.A. 
in 1611. He became a fellow of the college in 1613, and vicar 
of the parish of Milton-Clevedon in 1616; and in 1622 rector of 
the Church of St. Edmunds, in Salisbury He was a man of 
talents, a non-conformist in the Established Church. The 
leaders of the parish, at that time, were Puritans. The bishop 



222 PETER THACHER 

also favored the Puritans. The following inscription is upon his 
tomb: "Here lyeth y e body of Mr. Peter Thatcher, who was a 
laborious minister in preaching yfj Gospel of Jesus Christ to y e 
people of Edmonds by y e space of XIX yeares who departed this 
lyfe on y e Lord's Day at night, being the XIV of February 1640. 
Let noe man move his bones. T. D." 

His son Thomas, who was born May 1, 1620, was prepared for 
the university by his father. But he already shared the Puritan 
principles of his father, and he could not conscientiously make 
the subscriptions required of those who entered the universities. 
He preferred to cross the sea, that he might enjoy liberty of 
conscience in the wilds of New England. His parents readily 
consented, as they intended to follow him. This was prevented 
by the death of his mother. Thomas Thacher came to Massa- 
chusetts in 1635, at the age of fifteen. As Harvard College was 
not yet in operation, he placed himself under the tuition of the 
learned and Reverend Charles Chauncy, afterwards president of 
Harvard College. He received his education through him, and 
was prepared for the ministry. He is said to have been proficient 
in Latin and Greek, and also in Hebrew, Syriac, and Arabic, and 
to have been "well skilled in the Arts, especially in Logic." He 
published a Hebrew grammar and lexicon. In 1644 or early in 
1645 he was ordained at Weymouth, and was the pastor of the 
church in that place for about twenty years. He studied medi- 
cine as well as divinity, and for many years he was a practicing 
physician in Weymouth. Removing to Boston, he became emi- 
nent in the medical profession in that town. When the Third 
Church (now the Old South) was founded, he was chosen its 
pastor, and was ordained again, and installed the first minister 
of the church in 1670. He continued in that station till his death 
in 1678. Two of his sons were ministers. The list of his descend- 
ants includes a large number of distinguished men, physicians, 
lawyers, ministers, and business men. 

Hon. Peter Thacher was of the fifth generation from the first 
pastor of the Old South Church. His father was Stephen Thacher, 
who was graduated from Yale College in 1795, and married 



PETER THACHER 223 

Harriet Preble, a sister of Judge William P. Preble, of York, 
Maine, and removed to Maine, where he had a distinguished and 
useful career. His second son, Peter, was prepared for college 
at Washington Academy, East Machias, Maine, and was gradu- 
ated from Bowdoin College in 1831, in a class which included a 
number of men who have since been famous in literature, law, 
and political life. He studied law in Portland with his uncle, 
Judge Preble, and was admitted to the Bar in 1837. He prac- 
ticed law in Machias fifteen years, and sixteen years in Rockland. 
He was appointed a commissioner of bankruptcy while he lived 
in Maine, and later he was register in bankruptcy. He was also 
United States commissioner for a number of years. In 1871 he 
removed to West Newton, Massachusetts, and opened an office 
in Pemberton Square, Boston, and later in Milk Street. He 
resided in West Newton twenty-two years, and was solicitor for 
the city of Newton from 1876 to 1881. He practiced law in 
Boston until 1892, when he gave up active work. 

He was for more than twenty years an active and useful mem- 
ber of this Society. He served on important committees, and 
contributed in various ways to its prosperity. He was greatly 
interested in compiling the genealogy of the Thacher family. 
He caused extensive researches to be made in England, and pub- 
lished a valuable paper on the family history in the old country, 
from which some part of this sketch has been drawn. 

He was for many years a member of the Board of Overseers of 
Bowdoin College; he was also a member of the Maine Historical 
Society. He always took a lively interest in reforms, and was an 
abolitionist from his early youth; he was an active member of 
the Old Whig party, joined the Free-Soilers, and then the Repub- 
licans, and ever after was an Independent in politics. 

In 1841 he married Margaret Louisa , daughter of Judge Barrett 
Potter , of Portland, Maine. His widow survived him, with four 
sons and five daughters. 



224 SAMUEL HAMMOND RUSSELL 



SAMUEL HAMMOND RUSSELL 

Samuel Hammond Russell, a Resident Member of this 
Society, elected in 1876, was born in Boston, January 3, 1823, 
and died at his home, No. 135 Beacon Street, October 24, 1894. 
His father was Nathaniel Pope Russell, and his mother Hannah 
Dawes Hammond, the daughter of Samuel Hammond, merchant. 
His paternal emigrant to New England was Robert Russell, a 
foremost promoter of Andover, through his son Joseph, who 
married Susanna, daughter of Ezekiel Cheever, the Puritan 
schoolmaster, who became a merchant in Boston; Benjamin, who 
married Elizabeth Belknap ; Ezekiel Russell, who married Sarah 
Hood, of Salem; and in turn of Nathaniel Pope Russell, born 
1779. Mr. Russell married, April 22, 1847, Louisa Ann Adams, 
daughter of Benjamin Adams, and great-granddaughter of Rev. 
Dr. William Walter,* rector of Trinity and afterwards of 
Christ Church, Boston. Two daughters were born to them, — 
Edith and Alice. The former married Sir Lyon, now Lord 
Play fair. One of the sisters of Mrs. Russell married Edward B. 
eldest son of Hon. Edward Everett, and another married Robert 
C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M. 

Mr. Russell was a merchant in Boston until 1847, when he 
began the trusteeship of estates, especially the properties of his 
grandfather and father-in-law. From 1847 to 1876 he was 
treasurer of Bunker Hill Monument Association, and after- 
wards, till his death, a director. He was a member of the City 

* Rev. William Walter, D.D., was the third rector of Trinity Church, 
Boston, and was installed July 22, 1764, his predecessors being Rev. Adding- 
ton Davenport and Rev. William Hooper. Dr. Walter resigned March 17, 
1776, and left Boston. He returned in 1791, and was inducted May 28, 1792, 
rector of Christ Church, which office he held till his death, December 5, 1800. 
(See Register, vol. viii, p. 209.) A window to his memory has been placed 
in the chancel of Trinity. A. T. 



ROBERT CHARLES WINTHROP 225 

Council in 1874. He was ever connected with church interests, 
whether in Boston or at his summer home at Nahant, and was a 
devoted believer in the great essentials of Christianity, and a 
promoter of them in daily conduct. He was an organizer and 
constant supporter of the Bostonian Society; was a member of 
its Executive Board, honoring it by his watchful attentions. 
The history of Boston, with which so much of the lives of his 
ancestors was associated, and so much of his own active career, 
was a seurce of delight to him. His funeral services took place 
from Trinity Church, and burial at Mount Auburn. 

In the Register, 1882, p. 324, Mr. Russell queried concerning 
the parentage of his ancestor, Joseph Russell, who married 
Susanna Cheever, there having been published erroneous inter- 
pretations of data. Mr. Russell, with characteristic persever- 
ance, proved the above Joseph Russell not to have been a son of 
Rev. John Russell, but of Robert Russell, of Andover. 



ROBERT CHARLES WINTHROP 

Robert Charles Winthrop, of Boston, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1847, was born in Boston, May 12, 1809, and 
died there, November 16, 1894. 

He was a descendant of Governor John 1 Winthrop, of the 
Colony of Massachusetts Bay; through John 2 , Wait Still 3 , John 4 , 
John Still 5 , and Lieutenant-Governor Thomas Lindall 6 Winthrop , 
his father, who married Elizabeth Temple. A pedigree pub- 
lished in Drake's " History of Boston," p. 72, shows the lines 
more fully. 

He entered the Boston Latin School in 1818, and was grad- 
uated at Harvard College in 1828. He studied law in the office 
of Daniel Webster, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831. In 
1834 he was chosen a representative to the General Court, and 
four years later was elected speaker of the House of Represen- 



226 KOBERT CHARLES WINTHROP 

tatives. He was a member of Congress for ten years from 1840, 
and in 1848-49 was speaker. He was defeated as a candidate for 
speaker in 1850, by two votes, after more than sixty ballotings. 
The same year he was appointed a senator to succeed Daniel 
Webster. In 1854 he was chosen one of the presidential electors. 

He published "The Life and Letters of John Winthrop," in 
two volumes, and three large volumes of speeches and addresses. 
Among the most notable of his public addresses was the oration 
on the laying of the corner-stone of the National Washington 
Monument in 1848, on the " Life and Services of James Bowdoin," 
in 1849; the "Obligations and Responsibilities of Educated 
Men," before the reunion of Harvard University, in 1852; and 
the oration at Yorktown on the one hundredth anniversary of 
the surrender of Lord Cornwallis. In 1845 he made his great 
speech in Congress against the annexation of Texas, and in 
1850 he delivered his last important speech in the Senate, in 
opposition to the fugitive slave law. 

He was president of the Massachusetts Historical Society for 
thirty years; president of the Peabody Education Fund; a mem- 
ber of the American Antiquarian Society, the Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and a large number of other societies. 

He received the degree of Doctor of Laws from Bowdoin Col- 
lege, and from Harvard University, and at a later date from the 
University of Cambridge. 

He was married, first, in March, 1832, to Eliza Cabot, daughter 
of Francis and Marianne (Cabot) Blanchard, of Boston. By this 
marriage there were three children: Robert C, John, and Eliza 
C. Winthrop. He married second, a daughter of Hon. Francis 
Granger, of Canandaigua, New York. 

This last marriage occurred November 15, 1865, and the death 
of his second wife occurred June 16, 1892. Her name was Adele 
Granger, and before her marriage to Mr. Winthrop she had been 
the widow of John Eliot Thayer, of Boston. 

A memoir of Robert C. Winthrop, prepared for the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, by Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., was published by Little, Brown, 
and Company, Boston, 1897. 



THOMAS EMERSON PROCTOR 227 



THOMAS EMERSON PROCTOR 



Thomas Emerson Proctor, of Boston, a Life Member of this 
Society from 1886, was born in South Danvers (now Peabody), 
Massachusetts, August 29, 1834, and died in Boston, December 
7, 1894. He was the son of Abel and Lydia Porter ( Emerson ) 
Proctor, both of whom were born in South Danvers. 

The Proctor family in this country is descended from John 
Proctor, who came in 1635 from London, in the ship " Susan and 
Anne," at the age of forty, with his wife Martha, aged twenty- 
eight, and two children, — John, aged three years, and Mary, 
aged one year. He settled in Ipswich, and later removed to 
Salem. He died, probably in 1672, as his will was proved in 
November of that year. He left seven children. His son, 
John, born in England about 1632, married, in 1662, Elizabeth 
Thorndyke, and after her death married Elizabeth Bassett. He 
had nine children. During the excitement relating to witch- 
craft in 1691 and 1692 his second wife was accused of being a 
witch, and was brought to trial and condemned. Her husband, 
"for showing proper regard to her," as Hutchinson says, fell 
under suspicion of the same crime, and was also tried and con- 
demned. (See Hotchinson, vol. ii, pp. 25 and 55.) He was put 
to death August 19, on what is now known as Gallows Hill, 
Salem. His wife was reprieved on account of her pregnancy, 
and before the reprieve expired, the excitement had so far 
subsided that she was not executed. Two, or perhaps three, of 
their children were also sent to prison under suspicion of the 
same crime, but they were discharged without a public trial. 
Four years later the Legislature had to be petitioned to order 
the release of her husband's property from forfeiture. (See 
Felt, vol. ii, 484.) It has been suggested that the charge of 
witchcraft was brought against Mr. Proctor on account of his 



228 THOMAS EMERSON PROCTOR 

sturdy opposition to the views then prevailing in respect to 
witchcraft. Dr. Nichols, who wrote the historical poem for the 
Centennial day of the town of South Danvers, has this couplet 
of the Proctor family : — 

"The Proctors, they say, 
Will have their own way." 

The Proctor family has been widely scattered over New Eng- 
land and beyond. It has included a large number of vigorous 
and successful men and women, who have done their part in the 
world as honorable and useful citizens. 

Thomas Emerson Proctor attended the public schools in South 
Danvers, and at the age of thirteen was sent to Kimball Union 
Academy, Meriden, New Hampshire, where he remained two 
years. He was an excellent scholar in Latin and Greek, and in 
mathematics. At fifteen he became a clerk in his father's store, 
and at eighteen he was a member of the firm. He developed a 
remarkable capacity for business, and acquired a large fortune. 
He was a generous and public-spirited citizen, of wide influence, 
but he did not desire to occupy any political position. It is said 
of him that he declined the nomination of mayor of Boston, 
which was tendered him more than once by his fellow-citizens. 
He was cool and collected where others were excited. When 
notified that his property in Peabody was burning, he first found 
his insurance papers, and then went to the fire, ready to rebuild. 
His powers of body and of mind were always under control. He 
had no bad habits. He retained the men in his employ a long 
time, one of them as many as forty years. When his mind was 
made up he was inflexible in his purposes. 

He was president of the United States Leather Company in 
Boston at the time of Ms death. He anticipated an advance in 
the price of leather, and made his plans to take advantage of the 
advance. It is said that his company made a large sum after 
his death by following his directions. He was a director of the 
Eliot Bank, Boston, and a trustee of the Massachusetts General 
Hospital for many years. He was also a regular visitor at the 



HENRY AUGUSTUS GOWING 229 

McLean Asylum for the Insane, and was for many years greatly 
interested in it. By his will he left 1100,000 to this asylum. 
The town of Peabody accepted his offer of eleven acres for a 
park, to which gift was added another, from his sister, for the 
same park. 

Mr. Proctor married Emma Howe, of Newark Valley, New 
York, September 1, 1865. 



HENRY AUGUSTUS GOWING 

Henry Augustus Gowing, son of John Hill and Sophia Viles 
(Bigelow) Gowing, was born in Weston, Massachusetts, August 
2, 1834; married, September 8, 1859, Clara Elizabeth, only child 
of Dr. Franklin Fletcher and Mary Ann (Wentworth) Patch; 
and died in Boston, December 14, 1894, leaving a widow and 
two children, — Mrs. Mary Sophia Richardson and Franklin 
Patch Gowing. His earliest ancestor in America was Robert 
Gowing, from Edinburgh, Scotland, who settled in Lynn, was 
made a freeman at Dedham in 1639, and married Elizabeth 
Brock in 1644. The line of descent was Robert 1 , John 2 , Samuel 3 , 
James 4 , Samuel 5 , John Hill 6 , Henry Augustus 7 . 

Mr. Gowing was educated in private schools at Waltham and 
Boston. In 1853 he obtained a position with J. W. Blodgett and 
Company, dry-goods merchants of Boston, where he remained 
five years. He then accepted the position of bookkeeper with 
Dodge Brothers and Company, and became a member of the 
firm in 1868. He continued in the business under changing 
names of the same firm, which at the time of his death was " Gow- 
ing, Sawyer, and Company, of Boston and New York." He held 
a high position in trade as a man of business capacity and 
thorough integrity, whose "word was as good as his bond." His 
wide acquaintance, long experience, and well-earned popularity 
contributed largely to the great success of the firm. 



230 DUDLEY FOSTER 

In politics Mr. Gowing was always a Republican, having cast 
his first vote for Fremont for President; but he never desired a 
public office. He was an earnest Christian citizen, and an enthu- 
siastic promoter of whatever he believed to be for the best good 
of the country, State, city, or town in which he lived. 

He belonged to the Sons of the Revolution, to the Boston Art 
Club, and to the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
having been elected a Resident Member in 1870. 

He was fond of nature, delighting in the simple pleasures of 
gardening, and all outdoor life, and had a wonderful love of 
flowers, especially when growing wild in field and forest. For 
many years he made his summer home in the old house where he 
was born, and here found his most restful and happy recreation. 

He joined the Baptist Church in early life. His religious belief 
was " broad and settled," gladly accepting the best in all denomi- 
nations. In his daily life he always trusted to a Higher 
Wisdom for guidance, and gave God the glory for all he received. 

A bowlder carried from his own farm to Forest Hills marks the 
place of his burial. 



DUDLEY FOSTER 

Dudley Foster, of Billerica, Massachusetts, a Resident Mem- 
ber, elected in 1878, was born in that town, November 15, 1809. 
He was the fourth son of Samuel and Annie (Whitney) Foster, 
and a lineal descendant of Reginald Foster, who early came to 
Ipswich from England. His father was commissioned captain 
of militia in 1812, and was honored in 1840 by election as repre- 
sentative to the General Court. His grandfather, Joseph Foster, 
of Beverly, was a sea-captain, who retired to a farm in Billerica, 
and his great-grandfather, Joseph, was prominent in his day as 
town clerk of Beverly and deacon of the Congregational Church. 

Dudley Foster received his education from Pemberton, after- 



DUDLEY FOSTER 231 

wards Billerica Academy, then under the care of the Rev. 
Bernard Whitman. When quite young he learned the trade of 
shoemaking, a business successfully conducted at that time by his 
father. Soon, however, he turned his attention to insurance and 
real estate, acquiring large possessions of land in Billerica and its 
environs. In 1855 he was chosen to the office of town treasurer, 
and served his town in this capacity for a period of forty years. 
He was town clerk upwards of thirty years, and for thirty-three 
years was connected with the Middlesex Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, of Concord, both as agent and director. Mr. Foster 
was also trustee of the Lowell Five Cents Savings Bank, and the 
last of the original trustees of Howe School, appointed by its 
founder, Dr. Zadoc Howe. He was for many years the respected 
treasurer of this institution, and by his strict integrity, his devo- 
tion and faithfulness to every trust committed to him, he readily 
won the esteem and confidence of his townsmen, was repeatedly 
chosen to office, and became the custodian of many private as 
well as public properties. During the Civil War he visited Wash- 
ington on important business for the State and town, and in 1868 
was elected representative to the Legislature. 

His first wife was Louisa Pollard, whom he married May 21, 
1835. She was descended from Thomas Pollard, who came to 
Billerica from Coventry, England, in 1692, and took up a grant 
of land on the Concord River, two miles to the north of Billerica 
Centre. Asa Pollard, first to fall at Bunker Hill, was a member 
of this family. 

The children of Mr. Foster by his first marriage were Frank D., 
of North Andover, and John Howard Foster, of Billerica. August 
28, 1884, he married Mary Alice Parker, daughter of Daniel 
Parker, M.D., of Billerica, who survived him. 

By nature Mr. Foster was of an even temperament, in manner 
quiet and unassuming. He inherited, no doubt, the sturdy 
qualities of his New England ancestry — mens sana in cor pore 
sano — and was seldom known to be out of health or in ill 
humor. His simple habits of life were conducive to health and 
happiness. In early manhood he possessed a fine tenor voice, 



232 EBEN FRANCIS STONE 

which gave him prominence in the local church choirs and 
musical circles. 

Along with gardening, always a favorite pastime, he cultivated 
his taste for literature, read with avidity the leading magazines 
and newspapers, took a lively interest in questions of political 
and historical importance, and in this way, even to the latter 
days of his life, kept himself well informed and abreast of the 
times. He was a constant attendant upon the regular meetings 
of this Society. He attended the annual meeting of the Society 
in 1894. His death occurred suddenly, January 3, 1895, and his 
burial took place the Sunday following, with quiet ceremony, 
from his late residence, the homestead of the Foster family, in 
Billerica. 



EBEN FRANCIS STONE 

Eben Francis Stone, of Newbury port, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member of this Society, elected in 1875, was born in 
Newburyport, August 3, 1822, and died there January 22, 1895. 
He was the son of Ebenezer Stone, of Newburyport, and Fanny 
Coolidge, of Boston. He belonged to one of the oldest families 
of New England, tracing his descent through six generations to 
Elias Stone, of Charlestown, who was the first of the name in 
Massachusetts. The family resided in Charlestown in the seven- 
teenth century, but removed to Newburyport. 

Colonel Stone was graduated at Harvard College in 1843, and 
at the Harvard Law School in 1846, and began to practice his 
profession the next year. As a lawyer he attained much distinc- 
tion. Everybody confided in his judgment and integrity. He 
was the intimate friend of Caleb dishing, and was an associate 
of Choate, Rantoul, and other distinguished lawyers of old 
Essex. He was a strong ant isla very man, enjoying the friend- 
ship of Whittier, Garrison, and Phillips. He represented his 



EBEN FRANCIS STONE 233 

native city in the House of Representatives of Massachusetts 
four years, and was three years a member of the Senate. When 
the Civil War broke out he enlisted as a private, but recruited a 
company, and was soon commissioned colonel of the Forty- 
Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and served through 
the war with distinction. 

He returned to Newburyport after the war, and resumed the 
practice of the law. In 1867 he was mayor of the city. He was 
elected a member of Congress in 1880, and served three terms, 
and was an active and influential member. He was among the 
few Republicans who enjoyed the personal confidence of Presi- 
dent Cleveland at that time. 

Few men ranked higher in Newburyport than Colonel Stone. 
He was a fair-minded man, of excellent good sense, and of con- 
siderable learning, and was an authority in matters of local 
history. He was an eloquent speaker and a vigorous writer. He 
published several historical pamphlets, among them an address 
before the Essex Bar, February 2, 1889, in which he gave sketches 
of three extraordinary men, natives of Essex County; namely, 
Choate, Cushing, and Rantoul. (See Register, vol. xliii, p. 334.) 
He was a valued contributor to the Register. 

He married Harriet F. Perrin, of Boston. 

The following resolutions, prepared by Rev. Samuel C. Beane, 
D.D., were adopted by the Society at its meeting in February. 

11 Whereas, Our estimable associate, Honorable Eben Francis 
Stone, of Newburyport, has been called from us by death since 
our last meeting, and it is our approved custom to put on record 
some memorial of our valuable members who pass away; 

11 Resolved, That in the death of Colonel Stone we experience 
the loss of one who heartily contributed to the purposes of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society, as a careful inves- 
tigator of the beginnings of society on these shores, and as an 
able and judicious writer on biographical subjects, while he rep- 
resented in his own person the best traditions and influences of 
New England." 

We recall his valuable public services in the highest offices of 



234 CHARLES CANDEE BALDWIN 

his own city, in both Houses of the Massachusetts Legislature, 
and in the national House of Representatives. We likewise pay 
our tribute to his patriotism as shown by his enlistment as a 
private soldier in the army of the Union, and his honorable 
record as commander, in active service, of the Forty-Eighth 
Massachusetts Regiment. 

We mourn him as a man of exalted character, who, with a 
reverent interest in the past, served well, and in many ways, 
the times in which he lived. 



CHARLES CANDEE BALDWIN 

Charles Candee Baldwin, of Cleveland, Ohio, was elected a 
Corresponding Member of this Society November 3, 1869. He 
was born in Middletown, Connecticut, December 2, 1834, and 
die*d in Cleveland, February 3, 1895. 

He was of the seventh generation from Sylvester Baldwin, who 
came from the parish of Acton-Clinton, in Buckinghamshire, 
England, in 1638. He died at sea on the passage from England. 
His son Richard, born in Acton-Clinton, and baptized there, 
August 25, 1622, was one of the first settlers of Milford, Con- 
necticut. Barnabas, the son of Richard, was born in 1665. His 
son Sylvanus was born in 1706. Charles, of the next generation, 
was born in Milford, 1751. Seymour Wesley, son of Charles, was 
born in Meriden, Connecticut, June 29, 1807. He was a successful 
merchant in Middletown, but removed to Ohio in 1836. 

His son, Charles Candee, was prepared for college in Middle- 
town, under Daniel H. Chase, LL.D., and was graduated from 
Wesleyan University in 1855, and from Harvard Law School in 
1857. He was admitted to the Bar the same year, and began the 
practice of the law in Cleveland. His success in his profession 
was rapid and signal. He gave his attention chiefly to corpora- 
tion and banking law, and in these departments he was an 



DANIEL BATES CURTIS 235 

authority. In 1870 he was obliged to give up for a time his pro- 
fessional work on account of the failure of his health, and at this 
time he traveled extensively in Europe. 

He was elected judge of the Circuit Court of Ohio for three 
successive terms, and died in the midst of his usefulness during 
his third term. There was not much time at his command for 
studies outside his profession, but he was especially interested 
in historical studies. He was one of the founders of the Western 
Reserve Historical Society, and was one of its officers. He was 
for many years a director of the Cleveland Library Association, 
and was a trustee and lecturer in Baldwin University. He made 
some valuable contributions to historical publications relating 
to the Western Reserve. 

He married, September 8, 1862, Carolina, daughter of Charles 
W. Prentiss, of Brooklyn, New York, and granddaughter of the 
distinguished senator, Samuel Prentiss, of Vermont. His wife 
and two children survived him. 



DANIEL BATES CURTIS 

Daniel Bates Curtis, a Resident Member from 1857, was 
born on Washington Street, Boston, on January 6, 1819. He was 
one of eleven children of Samuel and Mildred (Bates) Curtis. His 
father, Major Samuel Curtis, born in 1775, was major of the Third 
Regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel Messinger, 
Third Brigade, First Division of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia from 1810 to 1817, and served a short time with his regi- 
ment in the War of 1812 at Boston, during July, 1814. He was 
a glove-maker on Washington Street, Boston Neck. He died in 
1820, at the age of forty-five. 

The son received his rudimentary education at a private school 
on Harvard Street, taught by a Mrs. Simpson, where he was sent 
at the age of seven years. Subsequently he was sent to the 



236 DANIEL BATES CURTIS 

Franklin School, where he remained, until, at the age of four- 
teen, he sought employment, working at various occupations 
until 1852, when he was appointed to a position in the Custom 
House. In 1853 he received an appointment as assistant super- 
intendent of the Boston Internal Health Department, afterwards 
known as the Board of Health. In this position he remained 
for thirty-three years, retiring in 1886 with the reputation of a 
faithful and conscientious city official. 

Mr. Curtis lived for many years in the earlier period of his life 
at South Boston, where he was a well-known and popular citizen. 
In July, 1850, he was married to Henrietta Moody Bedlington, 
daughter of Timothy Bedlington, of South Boston, whose part- 
ner, Charles Ewer, was the first president of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society. Two sons were the result of this 
marriage, one of whom died in infancy. The other, Francis M., 
born 1853, married, and resided at Quincy, Massachusetts. 

Upon the organization of the Mattapan Literary Association, 
at South Boston, in 1848, Mr. Curtis was elected its first president, 
and some years subsequently, in 1856, was again chosen to the 
same position. He was much interested in the local history of 
his native city, and was a member of the Bostonian Society. He 
took much pleasure in yachting, and was a member of the Boston 
Yacht Club and of other social organizations. He was also a 
member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

His death, at the age of seventy-six, on February 5, 1895, was 
the result of an accident to his hip, which was broken. Pneu- 
monia set in, proving fatal. Mr. Curtis was a kindly, genial man, 
and liked by all who knew him. 



WARREN LADD ■ 237 



WARREN LADD 

Warren Ladd, a Resident Member from 1884, died in New 
Bedford, Massachusetts, on February 20, 1895. New Bedford 
thus lost one of her most highly esteemed citizens, and the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society a valued member. Mr. 
Ladd was specially interested in genealogical research, and two 
years before his death published a book of three hundred pages 
on the Ladd family. He was in the front ranks of progress and 
reform in all municipal, social, and political movements. He 
was born in that part of Bradford, Massachusetts, now Grove- 
land, July 21, 1813. His line ran back to Daniel Ladd, who 
came to this country in the "Mary and John" in 1633, and who 
was one of the original settlers of Haverhill. On his mother's 
side he was a descendant of Richard Ingersol, who came from 
Bedfordshire, England, in 1627, and settled at Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. His mother was Sarah Ingersol, a daughter of Colonel 
Zebulon and Ruth (Moody) Ingersol. Her father was a soldier 
in the Revolution. Another ancestor was Rev. James Noyes 
of the early period of New England. The father of Mr. Ladd 
was a prominent citizen of Groveland, held many of the offices 
in the gift of the town, was postmaster, and a leading member 
of the Congregational Church. 

Warren Ladd was educated at the public schools of Bradford 
and at the Merrimac Academy. He went to New Bedford on 
July 1, 1840, and entered the employ of the New Bedford and 
Taunton Railroad Company as clerk in its freight office. Soon 
he became freight agent, and then general agent. In 1862 he was 
appointed general superintendent of the road, a position which 
he held until 1877, when the consolidation with the Boston, 
Clinton, and Fitchburg Road resulted in an entire change of 
management. His connection with the road covered the entire 



238 WARREN LADD 

period from its opening till its consolidation with the other road, 
— an extent of about thirty-seven years. In April, 1877, he was 
elected president and superintendent of the New Bedford and 
Fairhaven Street Railway, and remained in that place till the 
company surrendered its charter. He was connected with sev- 
eral corporations as a director, and was one of the trustees of the 
Five Cents Savings Bank, of New Bedford. 

Mr. Ladd always took a deep interest in public affairs, and was 
constant and faithful in the performance of his duties as a citizen. 
His spare time in his early life, and indeed so long as he lived, 
was earnestly devoted to reading on every subject which could 
store his mind with useful knowledge. He early became inter- 
ested in municipal affairs, and for many years was prominent in 
their direction. Four years — 1851, 1852, 1853, and 1857 — he 
was a member of the Common Council, of New Bedford, and in 
one of them its president, and five years — 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 
and 1865 — he was a member of the Board of Aldermen. In 
November, 1868, he was elected a member of the School Com- 
mittee, but resigned before the expiration of his first year, saying 
that he had not the leisure to discharge its duties with satisfac- 
tion to himself or with that fulness and faithfulness which his 
constituents had a right to expect. For many years he was a 
trustee of the Free Public Library. 

Mr. Ladd was a determined advocate of the introduction of 
water into the city of New Bedford, when the idea was not pop- 
ular. At that time the opposition was exceedingly powerful. 
He was one of the three commissioners under whose direction the 
water works were built. 

He was foremost in the improvement of the fire department, 
introducing into the Common Council the first order for the ap- 
pointment of a committee to consider the expediency of procur- 
ing a steam fire-engine. In this matter, more than that of the 
water works, he had to encounter a stubborn conservatism. 

In politics Mr. Ladd was originally a Whig, but he became a 
Republican early in that party's history, and adhered to it till 
his death. For many years he was a member of the Republican 



MOSES KIMBALL 239 

city committee, and for a time its chairman. In 1876 he was 
presidential elector for the first Congressional District. He con- 
tributed largely to the newspapers on political and other 
subjects. 

Mr. Ladd cherished a deep interest in historical and genea- 
logical matters. He was a member of the Webster Historical 
Society and the Old Colony Historical Society. 

He was married, November 22, 1842, to Lucy Washburn King- 
man, a daughter of the Hon. Abel and Elizabeth (Manly) King- 
man, of North Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and their golden 
wedding was celebrated in 1892. They had five children. 

One of his children, Hon. Herbert Warren Ladd, was for two 
years governor of the State of Rhode Island, chairman of the 
New State House Commission, and widely known as the head of 
one of the large dry-goods establishments in Providence. 



MOSES KIMBALL 

Moses Kimball, an enterprising citizen of Boston, and a gen- 
erous benefactor of this Society, was born in Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, October 24, 1809, and died in Brookline, Massa- 
chusetts, February 21, 1895. 

The Kimball family is descended from Richard and Ursula 
Kimball, who came from England in 1634, and settled in 
Watertown, removing later to Ipswich. They came from Rat- 
tlesden, in Suffolk. The line of descent to Moses was as follows: 
Richard 1 , Caleb 2 , Caleb 3 , John 4 , Nathaniel 5 , David 6 , to Moses 
Kimball 7 . 

Mr. Kimball was a self-made man. He was educated in the 
public schools in Gloucester, to which place his parents removed 
when he was a child. At the age of fifteen he came to Boston to 
find a place in a store. In 1833 he was able to purchase the 
"New England Galaxy,' ' which he published a number of years. 



240 MOSES KIMBALL 

He published a number of famous engravings, such as " Stuart's 
Washington" and " Signing the Declaration of Independence." 
A few years later he established a " lecture room" in Lowell, 
where theatrical exhibitions were given, and where curiosities 
of special interest were exhibited. About 1840 he purchased the 
New England Museum in Boston, and a year later opened what 
is now the Boston Museum, in a building on the corner of Tre- 
mont and Bromfield streets. The present building was erected 
five years later, at a cost of about $250,000. To this famous 
museum he gave the best years of his long life. For a long time 
it was one of the leading attractions of Boston. 

Outside his large private business, Mr. Kimball was interested 
in political affairs. In the earlier years he was a member of the 
old Whig party. He became a strong antislavery man, and 
when the Republican party was formed he was early a member 
of it. He was elected to the Common Council of Boston in 1849 
and 1850, and the next year was a member of the Board of 
Aldermen. He was elected to the Legislature sixteen times 
between 1850 and 1876, and was an active and influential mem- 
ber, serving on the most important committees, and taking a 
leading part in the most important legislation. He was the 
first chairman of the State Board of Health, Lunacy, and Charity. 
He was also a member of the Board of Directors for Public Insti- 
tutions, a member of the Water Board, and a director in several 
railroad corporations and banking and insurance companies. 
He will be remembered for his liberal gifts for public uses, 
especially for the bronze emancipation group which now stands 
in Park Square. This elaborate work of art was designed by 
Thomas Ball, and cast in Munich. It was unveiled December 
6, 1879. A poem by John G. Whittier was read, an address was 
delivered by Mayor Frederick O. Prince, and prayer was offered 
by Rev. Phillips Brooks, D.D. 

Mr. Kimball was elected a member of this Society in 1878, and 
was a generous contributor to its funds. By his will he left to 
it a legacy of $5,000. He married, June 25, 1834, Frances 
Lavinia Hathaway, daughter of John Hathaway, a prominent 



MOSES KIMBALL 241 

merchant of Boston, by whom he had two sons and five daugh- 
ters. The sons died young. 

At the meeting of the Society, March 6, the following reso- 
lutions, prepared by the Hon. Martin Parry Kennard, were 
adopted : — 

"Resolved, That by the recent death of the Hon. Moses 
Kimball, of Brookline, Massachusetts, this Society is called to 
mourn the loss of a greatly esteemed member, who was ever 
warmly interested in its work. In his passing away, this Society 
has also to deplore the absence of a distinguished and valued 
citizen, whose patriotic spirit burned with constant manifesta- 
tions of generous public interest during his long and active career, 
which was especially notable for his devotion to our city and 
State, illustrated by his valuable and extended seasons of service 
in their counsels, again and again repeated in obedience to 
popular ballot; and it is also 

"Resolved, That this Society deems it fitting that this mod- 
erately appreciative, mention of this esteemed citizen may be 
placed on its records, recalling also his unflinching adherence to 
the Union cause in past times of divided counsels, and again his 
public spirit manifested at his death by the munificence of his 
testamentary bequests to public charity.' ' 

A memoir of Mr. Kimball, by Charles A. Cummings, was published in the 
Register, vol. lvi, pp. 335-340. 



242 ROLAND GREENE USHER 



JOHN HOWARD REDFIELD 

John Howard Redfield, a Corresponding Member from 1861, 
was born in Cromwell, Connecticut, July 10, 1815, and died in 
Philadelphia, February 27, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Redfield, see Register, vol. lviii, pp. lxii- 
lxiii. 



ROLAND GREENE USHER 

Roland Greene Usher was born at Medford, January 6, 
1823, and died at Lynn, March 5, 1895. He was elected Resi- 
dent Member of this Society in 1869, and became a Life Member 
in 1875. 

Colonel Usher was descended in direct line from Robert 1 
Usher, the English emigrant of this branch, who came, with his 
brother Hezekiah, to Massachusetts previous to 1638. He soon 
removed to Connecticut and settled at Stamford, where he lived, 
a man of wealth and influence, until his death, in 1669. His 
son Robert 2 settled at Dunstable (now Nashua, N. H.), and had 
a son John 3 , who had a son Robert 4 , who lived at Merrimack and 
Medford, Massachusetts, and whose youngest son was Eleazer 5 . 
Eleazer 5 lived at Medford, married Fannie Bucknam, October 6, 
1799, and by her had eleven children, of whom the youngest was 
Roland Greene 6 Usher, the subject of this sketch. 

At ten years of age young Usher removed, with his older 
brothers, James and Leonard, to Lynn, where they engaged in a 
bakery business in a small way, the younger brother assisting, 
and having some time to attend school. His health being very 



ROLAND GREENE USHER 243 

frail, he was sent for two years to live with his sister Lydia, at 
Londonderry, New Hampshire, after which he returned to Lynn, 
and was apprenticed to John Lovejoy to learn the morocco- 
dresser's trade, which calling he followed for seven years. He 
married, June 5, 1844, Caroline M., daughter of Daniel L. Mudge, 
of Lynn, to whose loving care was due in large measure his restor- 
ation to health and the development of the qualities which made 
him so useful in many ways to his fellow-men. 

In 1847 Mr. Usher engaged in the business of ready-made 
clothing, a novel pursuit then, but with his care and devotion to 
it he achieved fair success. In 1861, at the breaking out of the 
war, his interest in military matters, and prominence in public 
affairs, withdrew him from a business career and held him, dur- 
ing his after-life, in public office. As early as 1840 he had joined 
the "Lynn Light Infantry," and was afterwards elected first 
lieutenant of the company, and upon the organization of the 
Eighth Regiment was appointed lieutenant-colonel. When this 
regiment left for Washington, April 17, 1861, Colonel Usher was 
placed upon the staff, as regimental paymaster. In July, 1861, 
he was commissioned by President Lincoln as a paymaster in the 
United States Army, in which office he served until the close of 
the war, holding successively the appointments of paymaster- 
in-chief of the "Department of the Gulf," the "Department of 
Annapolis," the "Department of Virginia and North Carolina," 
and, lastly, the " Department of New England." After the war, 
and upon the reorganization of the State Militia, in 1866, Colonel 
Usher was appointed aide-de-camp to Major-General B. F. 
Butler, and held that office for ten years. In January, 1866, he 
was elected mayor of Lynn, and served in that office three years, 
during which time great improvements were made in the re- 
organization of the police force, the new City Hall was erected 
and dedicated, and a complete system of sewerage was begun. 
He was elected and served as a member of the Massachusetts 
Council through three years, under Governors Bullock and 
Claffin. March 3, 1871, he was appointed by General Grant — 
then President — United States marshal for the district of Massa- 



244 ROLAND GREENE USHER 

% 

chusetts, and was reappointed in 1875. February 14 he was 
appointed by Governor Butler, warden of the State Prison, and 
held that position until 1886. 

Colonel Usher was a member of the Masonic order, and received 
the Master's degree, October 27, 1856, in Mount Carmel Lodge, 
in Lynn. He received the Knight Templar degree in Olivet Com- 
mandery, February 3, 1875. In February, 1844, he was initiated 
a member of Siloam Lodge of Odd Fellows, in Boston, and after- 
wards joined the Bay State Lodge, of which he became Noble 
Grand in 1847. 

He was a comrade of General Lander Post 5, G.A.R. He was 
a valued member of St. Stephen's (Episcopal) Church, and took 
a warm interest in its prosperity. 

Colonel Usher was public-spirited and ever ready to give of his 
time, talent, and means to whatever cause concerned the public 
welfare. 

Two of the four children of Colonel Usher survived him: 
Edward Preston and Caroline Mudge, wife of Rev. Allen Harlow, 
of Trenton, New Jersey. 



WILLIAM NOEL SAINSBURY 245 



WILLIAM NOEL SAINSBURY 

William Noel Sainsbury, of London, England, a Correspond- 
ing Member of this Society for thirty-five years, died at his resi- 
dence at Sutherland Avenue, London West, March 9, 1895, in his 
seventieth year. 

Mr. Sainsbury was formerly assistant keeper at the Public 
Records. Between 1860 and 1884 he compiled six volumes of 
State papers connected with the history of the English Colonies 
in America, the East Indies and the West Indies, and also with 
China and Japan. He was the editor of a volume entitled 
''Original unpublished Papers illustrative of the Life of Peter 
Paul Rubens, preserved in Her Majesty's State Paper Office, 
London." (8vo, pp. xxiv, 394.) The editor of this work was 
commended by the ''London Athenseum" of 1859, and by the 
"North American Review" of July of the same year. His Cal- 
endar of State Papers, Colonial Series, 1574-1660, is a work of 
special interest for American readers, although all his volumes 
are full of valuable information. 

Mr. Sainsbury published some books of a more popular char- 
acter, such as "Hearts of Oak," "Stories of Early English Adven- 
ture." He was a member of the American Antiquarian Society 
and of a number of other historical societies. 



246 LEONARD BOLLES ELLIS 



LEONARD BOLLES ELLIS 

Leonard Bolles Ellis, of New Bedford, Massachusetts, was 
born there, March 11, 1838, and died in the same city, March 13, 
1895. 

His father was Caleb L. Ellis, a prosperous man of business in 
New Bedford. The family line reaches back several generations 
in this country, and the descendants are very numerous. 

Mr. Ellis was educated in the public schools. He completed a 
three years' course of study in the high school, which was of very 
great service to him in the work of his life. In 1859 he entered 
into business in company with his father. The Civil War inter- 
rupted the business for some years, and he turned his attention 
to the manufacture of picture frames. In 1866 he bought the 
picture business of Orlando T. Marvin, and opened a store for the 
sale of works of art. He had the nature of an artist, and his store 
was for many years a very attractive place for those who loved 
art. It became a social center for persons of culture in the city. 
Many famous paintings were brought to New Bedford by his 
enterprise, and he had much to do in developing a taste for art. 
In later years the changes in business interrupted the sale of 
many things in his line, but he was to the last interested in paint- 
ings and engravings. He remained in this business twenty-five 
years. 

His artistic temperament gave him a special interest in music. 
He was for many years the president of the Choral Association. 
of New Bedford. He published a series of articles on the history 
of music in that city. He was for many years a trustee of the 
Free Public Library, and a faithful public servant in that- 
capacity. 

Mr. Ellis's tastes led him into historical studies, and he left 
two valuable books: a " History of the Fire Department of New 



PELEG EMORY ALDRICH 247 

Bedford," which was first published in successive numbers of the 
" Evening Standard" of that city, and a "History of New Bed- 
ford," which was said by good authorities to be one of the best. 
Both of these works show the patient industry of their author, 
and his skill in weaving great masses of facts into interesting 
and truth-telling narratives. He was also the author of a number 
of detached historical articles, the latest being his " History of 
Methodism in New Bedford." 

Mr. Ellis was a man devoted to the best ideals of life, and had, 
to an unusual degree, the respect and confidence of all who knew 
him. An insidious and fatal disease hung over his life for many 
years, but he continued his work to the last. He was a promi- 
nent member of the Masonic fraternity for many years. He was 
long a member of the Methodist Church, and for some years was 
superintendent of its Sunday-School. 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1895. 



PELEG EMORY ALDRICH 

Peleg Emory Aldrich, of Worcester, was born in New Salem, 
Massachusetts, July 24, 1813, and died in Worcester, March 14, 
1895. He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1892. 

Judge Aldrich was a lineal descendant from George Aldrich, 
who came from England in 1635, and settled first in Dorchester, 
and afterward in Mendon, Massachusetts. The descendants 
from this family are very numerous, and are now living in nearly 
every State of the Union. It has had its representatives in all 
the learned professions and in both Houses of Congress. Several 
of them have been judges in the courts of different States. Some 
have been known in literature. The majority have been farmers 
for seven generations. 

Mr. Aldrich did not receive a collegiate education, although, 
after leaving the academy, he pursued by himself a course of 



248 PELEG EMORY ALDRICH 

study equal to that of a New England college. He was graduated 
from the Harvard Law School in 1844, receiving the degree of 
LL.B. He was admitted to the Bar in Richmond, Virginia, in 
1845, and in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1846. He began the 
practice of law in Barre, Massachusetts, and continued there 
seven years. For three years he was editor and publisher of the 
" Barre Gazette." He removed to Worcester in 1854, and entered 
into partnership with Hon. Peter C. Bacon, which partnership 
continued until he left the Bar for the bench, in 1873. He was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention, from Barre, in 1853, 
and was a representative from Worcester in the State Legisla- 
ture in the years 1866 and 1867, and took an active part in the 
debates and business of the House. In 1862 he was mayor of 
Worcester, and was interested not only in the ordinary duties of 
his office, but in the large number of soldiers who were at that 
time in the army, from Worcester. He visited them in their 
camps and hospitals, and used the means within his command to 
promote their comfort and efficiency. In 1870 he was appointed 
by Governor Claflin a member of the State Board of Health, a 
position which he continued to hold until his appointment to the 
bench. 

He was eminent as a judge of the Superior Court. He had a 
capacity for doing an enormous amount of hard work, and doing 
it rapidly, without apparent labor on his part. He was a well- 
read lawyer, and had his resources well at his command. If he 
was somewhat stern and severe in his manner, he was always 
guided by his sense of justice. He was a judge of undoubted in- 
tegrity and of remarkable insight. He was in the eighty-second 
year of his age when he presided at the long winter term of the 
Superior Court in Worcester, which adjourned on the 20th of 
February. He had not missed a day or a session, and he had 
walked every day to and from the Court House. 

He published in 1885 a work on Equity Pleading and 
Practice. 

He was for many years a trustee of the Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute, and when he visited Europe in 1887 he gathered a 



GEORGE GOUNDRY MUNGER 249 

large amount of information in regard to foreign institutions of 
that sort, for the advantage of the institute. 

Judge Aldrich was for many years a member of the American 
Antiquarian Society, and one of the council of that venerable 
and learned body. He prepared and read several papers on his- 
torical, legal, and literary subjects, which have been published 
with the proceedings of the Society. During the three years that 
he had been a member of our Society he had occasionally at- 
tended its stated meetings, and at the last meeting at which he 
was present he was called upon to preside, in the absence of the 
president. He received the honorary degree of LL.D. from 
Amherst College in 1886. 

In 1850 he married Sarah, the eldest daughter of Harding P. 
Woods, of Barre, who survived him with two sons and three 
daughters. 



GEORGE GOUNDRY MUNGER 

George Goundry Munger, a Corresponding Member from 
1860, was born in Morrisville, New York, in 1828, and died in 
New York City, March 14, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Judge Munger, by William R. Cutter, A.M., see 
Register, vol. lviii, pp. lxiii-lxiv. 



250 AUSTIN JACOBS COOLIDGE 



AUSTIN JACOBS COOLIDGE 

Austin Jacobs Coolidge, son of Deacon Josiah and Mary 
(Hastings) Coolidge, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
April 18, 1824; married, April 23, 1862, Susan Gibson, daughter 
of William and Susan (Spurr) Marshall; and died, without issue, 
in Watertown, Massachusetts, March 20, 1895. His earliest 
ancestor in America was John Coolidge, who settled in Water- 
town about 1630, where are still standing the gravestones of 
himself and his wife Mary. The name is traceable to "de Coul- 
inge" of the time of Edward the First, and is probably derived 
from the village of Couling in Cambridgeshire, England. The 
griffin and fleur-de-lis seem to have been connected with the 
family arms. Austin J. Coolidge traced his descent through four- 
teen generations in direct line to Thomas Colyng, of Arrington, 
England, as follows: Austin Jacobs 14 , Josiah 13 , Joshua 12 , Joseph 11 , 
Simon 10 , Obadiah 9 , Simon, 8 John 7 , William 6 , Simeon 5 , John 4 
(Colyng), Thomas 3 , John 2 , Thomas 1 . 

Mr. Coolidge fitted for college at the Worcester Academy, and 
graduated from Harvard College in 1847, and from the Harvard 
Law School in 1850, and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar in 1852. 
He engaged in teaching after graduating from college, but soon 
turned to the law, which he practiced more or less through life, 
though his last twenty years were almost wholly devoted to com- 
mercial pursuits. He was at the head of the New England 
Machine Company in Boston, and for many years secretary of 
the Mount Auburn Corporation. 

He was elected a Resident Member of the New-England His- 
toric Genealogical Society in 1859. His training and tastes fitted 
him specially for historical work. In 1860 he published, as joint 
author with John B. Mansfield, the first volume of "A History 
and Description of New England, General and Local," embrac- 



SAMUEL ATHERTON 251 

ing Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. The outbreak of the 
Civil War unfortunately prevented the appearance of the remain- 
ing volume, which had been prepared for the press. 

He was a public-spirited citizen and a stanch Republican 
from the beginning of the party. He was a member of several 
social organizations, and greatly interested in educational and 
religious work. He was for a time on the School Board of Cam- 
bridge, and for seventeen years the very efficient clerk of the Old 
Cambridge Baptist Church, of which he was an original member. 
He was always genial, kindly, and unselfish, more mindful of the 
welfare and happiness of others than of his own personal interests. 



SAMUEL ATHERTON 

Samuel Atherton, of Dorchester, a Life Member since 1871, 
was the sixth in descent from Humphrey Atherton, who came 
from England in 1630. His father was Samuel Atherton, a promi- 
nent citizen of Stoughton, Massachusetts, where his son Samuel 
was born January 26, 1815. He came to Boston to prepare him- 
self for business. He began his business life as a clerk in a shoe 
store. Four years later he was employed in the larger store of 
Caleb Stetson. A year later he was admitted to the firm as a 
partner. In 1850 he was a leading member of the firm of Ather- 
ton, Stetson, and Company, a concern which took a place in the 
front rank among dealers in the shoe and leather trade. He was 
one of the original corporate members of the John Hancock In- 
surance Company, and he was a director from 1862, and a vice- 
president from 1874. He was a director in the National Hide 
and Leather Bank, and also in the Massachusetts Loan and Trust 
Company, and president of the New England Bank. He repre- 
sented Dorchester in the Legislature in 1867, 1870, and 1877. 
He was known as one of the most substantial and honorable 
business men of Boston. 



252 WILLIAM MASON CORNELL 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1870. 
His name was among the liberal subscribers to the funds of the 
Society. He died in Dorchester, April 3, 1895. 



WILLIAM MASON CORNELL 

William Mason Cornell, of Boston, a Corresponding Mem- 
ber from 1859 to 1869, and a Resident Member from 1856 to 
1859, and again elected a Resident Member in December, 
1869, became a Life Member in 1876. He was born in Berkeley, 
Massachusetts, October 16, 1802, and died in Boston, April 14, 
1895. 

Dr. Cornell was graduated from Brown University in 1827, 
studied theology, and was ordained January 16, 1830. He was 
pastor of a Congregational church in Woodstock, Connecticut, 
1830-34, was installed as pastor at Quincy, Massachusetts, 
August 20, 1834, and continued there until 1839. 

He had taken a partial course in medicine before he became a 
minister. The failure of his voice, in 1839, made it inexpedient 
for him to continue to preach, and he resumed his medical studies, 
graduating from the Berkshire Medical School in 1844. He 
engaged in the practice of his profession in Boston. In 1846 he 
became the editor of the " Journal of Health," a position which 
he filled for three years. He subsequently became professor of 
Anatomy and Physiology in Western University. 

He received the degree of LL.D. from Western University in 
1863, and that of D.D. from Jefferson College in 1865. 

He entered with great energy into the antislavery discussions 
of his time, and became widely known as an abolitionist. He 
was a frequent contributor to periodicals, and was the author of 
a number of books, among which are the following: " Grammar 
of the English Language;" " Consumption Prevented;" " Robert 
Raikes, the Founder of Sabbath Schools," 1860; "The Sabbath 



LEVERETT SALTONSTALL 253 

made for Man;' 5 "Life and Public Services of Horace Greeley," 
1872; "Charles Sumner, Memoir and Eulogies," 1874; "History 
of Pennsylvania," 1876. 

Dr. Cornell was an active and useful member of this Society. 
He served as recording secretary in 1858 and 1859, and during 
the same years he was a member of the Board of Directors. 



LEVERETT SALTONSTALL 

Leverett Saltonstall, of Newton, Massachusetts, was born 
in Salem, Massachusetts, March 16, 1825, and died at Chestnut 
Hill, Newton, April 15, 1895. 

Mr. Saltonstall was descended from Sir Richard Saltonstall, 
who came to this country in 1635, and became the leader in the 
settlement of Watertown, Massachusetts. His descendants 
have been distinguished in the different professions and in busi- 
ness life. A number of them have become eminent men. Leverett 
Saltonstall, Sr., was a distinguished lawyer, speaker of the 
House of Representatives, president of the State Senate, member 
of Congress, the first mayor of Salem, and a member of the Board 
of Overseers of Harvard College. He was the father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

Leverett Saltonstall was prepared for college in the Salem 
Grammar and Latin schools, and was graduated from Harvard 
College in 1844. He was the sixth in lineal descent to graduate 
from Harvard College, and his son was the seventh. (See Sib- 
ley's "Harvard Graduates," vol. ii, p. 8.) He studied law at 
the Harvard Law School, and was admitted to the Bar in 1850 
Before this time he had traveled abroad for two years and a half, 
visiting the countries of Europe and of the Orient. 

He practiced law in Boston for ten years with success and 
distinction. He was active in the political affairs of the country 
before and during the Civil War. He was a war Democrat, and 
made speeches on Boston Common to encourage enlistments and 



254 LEVERETT SALTONSTALL 

to aid in carrying on the war. He presided at two or three 
Democratic State Conventions, and had a wide acquaintance 
among the political men of the country. He took a leading 
part in the presidential campaign when Mr. Tilden and Mr. 
Hayes were the candidates. He believed that Mr. Tilden was 
rightfully elected, and during the contest that followed the 
election he was sent to Florida to see that fair play was accorded 
by the Returning Board. 

In 1876 Governor Gaston appointed him commissioner for 
Massachusetts to the Centennial, and he spent the summer of 
that year at work in the interest of exhibitors from Massachu- 
setts. In 1885 he was appointed, by President Cleveland, col- 
lector of the port of Boston, and held the position till February, 
1890. 

Mr. Saltonstall was for two years president of the Unitarian 
Club of Boston. He was trustee of the Perkins Institution for 
the Blind. He was a member of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society for many years. He was elected a Resident Member of 
this Society in 1856. 

A number of those who knew him best have borne witness 
since his death to the purity of his character and to the usefulness 
of his life. The Hon. Winslow Warren said: "Mr. Saltonstall 
was one of the most true-hearted, honest, genial men in American 
politics. He so hated anything that was mean or corrupt, that 
his vigorous indignation could not be controlled in the presence 
of anything savoring of dishonesty. A thorough gentleman, of 
the old-school type of manners, he was loved and respected by 
all who knew him, and he filled a place in Massachusetts that 
few can occupy." 

He married, October 19, 1854, Rose S., daughter of John C. 
and Harriet Lee. They had six children, five of whom survived 
him. 



GEORGE MORGAN BROWNE 255 



GEORGE MORGAN BROWNE 

George Morgan Browne, of Washington, District of 
Columbia, elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1881, was 
born in Lisbon, formerly part of Norwich, Connecticut, May 7, 
1811, and died at his home in Washington, April 25, 1895. 

He was the son of Tyler 6 and Rhoda (Morgan) Browne, both of 
whom were natives of Preston, Connecticut. His grandfather 
was William Browne 5 , who was the son of Samuel and Phebe 
(Wilbur) Browne. His grandmother on the maternal side was 
Joanna (Brewster) Morgan, a lineal descendant from Jonathan 
Brewster, who was a son of Elder William Brewster. His great- 
grandfather, Samuel Browne 4 , was the son of Daniel 3 , who was 
the son of Thomas 2 , who came from Lynn to Stonington in 1684. 
He was the son of Thomas 1 , born in 1628, and Mary (Newhall) 
Browne. 

Mr. Browne was prepared for college in Plainfield, Connecticut, 
and was graduated from Yale College in 1836. He studied law 
with Hon. Calvin Goddard, of Norwich, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 1839. He began the practice of his profession in Boston 
in 1841, and so long as he devoted himself to the law he was a 
successful lawyer. He was a member of the House of Represen- 
tatives in 1857 and 1858, and took an active part in the discus- 
sions of that body. He was president of the Eastern Railroad 
Company from 1854 to 1871. Those were the years of the great- 
est prosperity of that corporation. He visited Europe in 1872, 
remaining abroad more than a year. The visit was repeated in 
1877. 

He published articles in the reviews, among which were: "Po- 
litical Elements of the Constitution," and " Annexation," in the 
''American Review" of 1845. His argument on the trial of Rev. 
A. G. Prescott for heresy, before an ecclesiastical court, in 1851, 



256 HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL 

was published in the "Christian Witness." He published an 
address as president of the Connecticut Association in 1857; a 
speech in the Legislature on the Kansas Resolves (1857); "The 
Sinking Fund," a pamphlet in 1874; Review of Muller's "Lit- 
erature of Greece," and an article on Nice, in the "Literary 
World," 1876. 

His first wife was Caroline, daughter of John Linett. She 
died in 1847. He married Mary A., daughter of Henry Andrews. 
She died in 1858. He married Caroline, daughter of Edward 
Cabot, of Boston. He left one son, George Morgan Browne. 



HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL 

Hamilton Andrews Hill, of Boston, died very suddenly 
April 27, 1895. The distinguished services which he rendered to 
this Society, and the high position which he attained as an his- 
torian and a man of letters, make it proper to do honor to his 
memory. 

He was the son of Hamilton and Anna Andrews Hill, and was 
born in London, April 14, 1827. The family can be traced back 
to the sixteenth or seventeenth century in English history. 
Clement Hill, of Paddington, England, was married in 1640. 
Hugh Hill was baptized in 1664. His son William was baptized 
in 1698. William Hill, of Exeter, the second of the name, was 
baptized in 1726, and the third William was baptized 1759. His 
son Hamilton was the father of our late associate. He was 
formerly a merchant in London. In consequence of his well- 
known sympathy with the cause of antislavery in the United 
States, he was invited to come to America and take the position 
of treasurer of Oberlin College, at Oberlin, Ohio. He accepted 
the position, and brought his family to this country. He was 
treasurer of Oberlin more than twenty-five years, and during 
those years he exerted great influence in the Western Reserve, 



HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL 257 

entering vigorously into various movements then in progress for 
social and political reform. 

His eldest son, Hamilton Andrews, received his early education 
in the public schools of London. After the family came to 
America he studied for a time at the College in Oberlin, Ohio. 
He left before completing the full collegiate course. In 1849 
he entered business in Boston as a shipping and commission 
merchant. Later he was a member of the commission house of 
Sears and Hill. In 1867 he was made secretary of the Boston 
Board of Trade, and held the position till 1873. He was secre- 
tary of the National Board of Trade from 1868, for more than 
twenty years. He was commissioner on European Emigration, 
of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad, from 1873 to 
1875. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 
Boston, from 1878 to 1881, serving as chairman of the Com- 
mittees on Finance and on Harbors and Public Lands. In 1878 
and 1879 he was a member of the Board of State Charities. These 
honorable positions which he filled show not only the great ability 
of Mr. Hill, but his public spirit, and his devotion to the best 
interests of this city and of his adopted country. 

His later years, of comparative leisure from business, have 
been given in large part to literary pursuits. He was a fine his- 
torical scholar, with a wide and accurate knowledge of New 
England history, and a real interest in the Puritan age. As he 
did not have the advantages of a theological training, he was 
perhaps unable to appreciate at its full value the theology of the 
fathers of New England, and to write as discriminatingly as a 
theological expert might have done in regard to their religious 
views. But the massive volumes which he has left are invaluable 
contributions to the religious history of New England. 

He was the author of a number of historical pamphlets, some 
of which he read at the stated meetings of this Society. He was 
the author of an important chapter in "The Memorial History 
of Boston," on the Trade, Commerce, and Navigation of Boston, 
1780-1880. His two most important works are "A Memoir of 
Abbott Lawrence," a book of 243 pages, published in 1883; and 



258 HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL 

a "History of the Old South Church of Boston," published in 
1890 in two large volumes, which contain together about 1,300 
pages, and cover the period from 1669 to 1884. The life of Mr. 
Lawrence was suggested by a sketch which Mr. Hill was 
appointed to prepare for a volume of our Memorial Biographies. 
The History of the Old South was prepared from the original 
records. After he had written several chapters of the first volume, 
an important manuscript came to his knowledge, during a visit 
to New Haven, which made it necessary to rewrite a large part 
of the history. It is a monumental work, and shows the great 
historical ability of the author. It will always be consulted as 
one of the most accurate and reliable authorities relating to our 
history. 

Dr. Hill was a member of the American Philosophical Society, 
vice-president of the American Statistical Association, treasurer 
of the American Social Science Association, a director of the 
Bostonian Society, a member of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society and of a number of other similar associations. He was 
elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1870, and became 
a Life Member in 1891. He was a member of the Board of 
Directors from 1887 to 1889, and a member of the Council for 
three years following. He served as corresponding secretary 
from 1887 to 1889, and as historiographer from 1889 to his 
resignation in 1892. His contributions toward the memoirs of 
our deceased members were numerous and valuable. 

The degree of A.M. was given him at Oberlin in 1867. The 
next year Williams College gave him the same degree, and in 
1894 the University of Pennsylvania gave him the degree of 
LL.D. 

He was married in Roxbury, May 4, 1859, to Miriam Phillips, 
daughter of Samuel Walley. She died in 1862. His second 
marriage took place May 27, 1869, with Anna Frances, daughter 
of Charles Carruth. 



JOHN FLETCHER WILLIAMS 259 



JOHN FLETCHER WILLIAMS 

John Fletcher Williams, of St. Paul, Minnesota, a Corre- 
sponding Member of this Society, elected in 1872, was born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, September 25, 1834, and died in Rochester, 
Minnesota, April 28, 1895. He was of Welsh descent, being the 
last in the family of eight children of Samuel Williams, who 
removed from Pennsylvania to Ohio in 1807. 

In his boyhood and youth Fletcher Williams was exceptionally 
fond of books and made rapid progress in his school studies, 
attending the Woodward High School of Cincinnati, and gradu- 
ating from the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio, 
having taken its scientific course in 1852. 

He came to St. Paul, Minnesota, which city was thenceforward 
his home, in 1855, and entered newspaper work, being engaged 
as a reporter during fourteen years. This experience in journal- 
ism gave him acquaintance with all the prominent men of the 
State, and laid the foundation for his future life work. 

Having acquired much reputation for his sketches of the his- 
tory of Minnesota, and for biographic notices of the early pio- 
neers, Mr. Williams was elected by the Minnesota Historical 
Society in January, 1867, as its secretary and librarian, in which 
position he continued more than twenty-six years, until the ac- 
ceptance of his resignation in September, 1893. He brought to 
this work special qualifications of executive and literary ability, 
with an increasing love for historical, genealogical, and antiqua- 
rian researches; and he gave to the Society, and to the upbuilding 
of its library, an ardent and unselfish devotion. 

In 1873 Mr. Williams was appointed by President Grant 
United States Centennial commissioner from Minnesota for the 
Philadelphia Exposition; and he spent much time in the duties 
which thus came to him during the next three years. He was 



260 JOHN FLETCHER WILLIAMS 

corresponding secretary of the Minnesota Old Settlers' Associa- 
tion, a member of the American Historical Association, and was 
elected a corresponding or honorary member of thirteen histori- 
cal and genealogical societies in the United States. 

The annual report of the American Historical Association for 
1889 contains (pp. 372-374) a bibliographic list of Mr. Wil- 
liams's principal published writings. This list contains thirty 
titles. The most important volume, and a worthy summation 
of his historical researches during the previous twenty years, is 
his "History of the City of Saint Paul and of the County of 
Ramsey, Minnesota," comprising 475 pages, which was pub- 
lished by the Minnesota Historical Society in 1876 as the fourth 
volume of its Collections. 

Second only to Mr. Williams's interest and devotion for this 
Historical Society were his very active and useful services to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Minnesota, of which he 
was grand scribe during a continuous term of twenty years. 

The writer of a biographic sketch which appeared in a St. 
Paul newspaper, two days after his death, said: "Mr. Williams 
was a man of simple life, generous and kindly impulses, endur- 
ing in friendship, positive in his opinions, but modest in enforcing 
them upon others. His services, wherever bestowed, were invalu- 
able. He surrendered health and finally life in his devotion to 
the labors he undertook, many of his tasks being self-imposed. 
No one ever knew him but to respect him, and upon intimate 
acquaintance to love him. He was in all things the soul of honor 
and rectitude." 

In July, 1865, Mr. Williams married Miss Catherine Roberts, 
who, with three children, survived him. 



JOHN FORRESTER ANDREW 261 



JOHN FORRESTER ANDREW 

John Forrester Andrew, a Resident Member, elected in 
1872, was born in Hingham, Massachusetts, November 26, 1850, 
and died at his home, 32 Hereford Street, Boston, May 30, 1895. 

Mr. Andrew was a lineal descendant of Robert and Grace ( ) 

Andrew, through their son Joseph and his second wife, Mrs. Abi- 
gail Walker (daughter of John Grafton), whose son, Nathaniel 
Andrew, married Mary Higginson and had a son John, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Watson, of Salem, and had Jonathan, who re- 
moved with his father's family to Windham, Maine, there settled, 
and married Nancy Green Pierce, and had John Albion, the illus- 
trious war governor of Massachusetts, who was born in Windham, 
May 31, 1818, and died October 30, 1867. Governor John A. 
Andrew married Eliza Jones Hersey, of Hingham, and had five 
children, of whom John Forrester, born in Hingham, as above 
noted, was the second. The boy received the rudiments of his 
education at the Phillips School, on the back side of Beacon Hill, 
and after passing the lower grades was fitted for college at a 
private school. 

He was graduated from Harvard in the class of 1872, and soon 
after went abroad with his mother, sisters, and younger brother, 
passing a year in travel through England, Germany, Italy, Swit- 
zerland, and France. Returning, he entered the Harvard Law 
School, and graduated in 1875. Immediately entering the law 
office of Messrs. Brooks, Ball, and Story, he was admitted to the 
Suffolk Bar the same year, 1875. He then began the practice of 
law in Boston, in the same office which his father had formerly 
occupied, 244 Washington Street. In a few years Mr. Andrew 
had acquired quite an extensive practice, and was considered a 
wise counsellor and a safe and able advocate. His public spirit 
led him inevitably to take an active interest in all questions of 



262 JOHN FORRESTER ANDREW 

popular concern. His own personal qualities, as well as his 
name, soon drew him into political activity. In 1880 he was 
elected as representative to the General Court by the Republi- 
cans of Ward 9, Boston, and served in that position until 1884, 
when he was elected to the State Senate by the largest majority 
ever received by any candidate in that district. During his first 
year in the Senate he was chosen a delegate to the Republican 
National Convention, but after the nomination of Blaine and 
Logan, he, with many other of the young Republicans of New 
England, became convinced that duty lay in the direction of the 
"Independent" movement, which he soon joined, thus sacrific- 
ing his renomination by the Republicans. He was chosen presi- 
dent of the " Young Men's Independent Club," of Boston, and 
took the stump for Cleveland. He received a nomination for the 
Senate on the ticket of the Independent Republicans, and, being 
also indorsed by the Democrats, was elected by a large majority. 
The record of Mr. Andrew's five years in the Legislature is very- 
honorable. During that time he served on many important com- 
mittees with credit and fidelity. On the Judiciary Committee, 
especially, his personal independence and courage were shown 
by his position against the Metropolitan Police Bill, and his 
unyielding defense of the Civil Service Law. He declined the 
offer of a nomination to Congress by the Democrats of his dis- 
trict in 1884, still considering himself a Republican. After the 
close of his term in the Senate he accepted the Democratic 
nomination for governor, and came nearer an election than any 
candidate of that party had for years. In 1888 he was elected to 
Congress by the Democrats of the third Massachusetts district, 
and again in 1890; but in the exciting contest of 1892 he was 
defeated. 

Mr. Andrew was an honest and earnest advocate of free trade, 
and it was upon the issue of " tariff reform" that he was elected 
to Congress. He stood consistently and firmly by his standards, 
advocating, particularly, "free raw material." In all his public 
career he was the unfailing champion of "Civil Service Reform," 
and an equally strong advocate of a sound "currency." He will 



JOHN FORRESTER ANDREW 263 

long be remembered also as a faithful friend of the veterans of 
the war, and endeavored to secure legislation in their favor. As 
his father had been, so was he, always the true friend of the 
colored race. In all the relations of his public life he won the 
respect of both friends and opponents by his strict integrity and 
sincerity of purpose. He was especially known for his generous 
activity in many benevolent institutions. He was president of 
several of our benevolent associations, including that of the 
Massachusetts Infant Asylum, that for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children, and the Home for Aged Colored Women, 
besides being active in various others. He was greatly interested 
in the improvement of Boston's public grounds, and rendered 
efficient service upon the Park Commission. He was also an 
active member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
of which his father was an honored president. Mr. Andrew had 
a host of warm and sincere friends, who were greatly shocked 
and deeply pained at his sudden and altogether unexpected 
death. Apoplexy was undoubtedly the cause, but of this no one 
had any intimation of the danger. Flags at half mast through- 
out the city, and the throngs which gathered at his funeral, tes- 
tify to the high honor which the public paid to his memory, and 
to the real affection of his friends and associates. Governor 
Greenhalge and Mayor Matthews, with many other officials of 
the State, city, and public institutions, joined in tributes of 
sorrow and sympathy with the stricken family. He will be 
greatly missed in all directions wherever his kindly and helpful 
influence extended. Of his father's family, the mother, a brother, 
and two sisters survived him; to these, and his young motherless 
daughters, his loss was irreparable. 

Mr. Andrew was married in Boston, October 11, 1883, to Har- 
riet, daughter of Nathaniel and Cordelia (Van Rensselaer) 
Thayer. Mrs. Andrew died in 1891, leaving two daughters, Cor- 
nelia Thayer Andrew and Elizabeth Andrew. 

The funeral of Mr. Andrew was at the First Church in Boston, 
June 1, his pastor, Rev. Stopford W. Brooke, officiating. The 
burial was at Mount Auburn. 



264 CHAKLES JAR VIS PICKFORD 



HENRY PHILLIPS 

Henry Phillips, a Corresponding Member, elected in 1881, 
was born in Philadelphia, September 6, 1838, and died in that 
city, June 6, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Phillips, by Rev. Ezra H. Byington, D.D., 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. lviii-lix. 



CHARLES JARVIS PICKFORD 

Charles Jarvis Pickford, of Lynn, Massachusetts, was born 
in Kennebunk, Maine, May 24, 1833, and died in Brookline, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 7, 1895. He was the son of John Kay Liver- 
more and Elizabeth (Shepard) Pickford. He lived in Worcester 
from 1833 to 1864. In 1864 he engaged in the shoe business in 
Lynn. The firm wasWinslow and Pickford. A few years later 
he engaged in the real estate and insurance business in that city. 
He retired from active business, on account of the failure of his 
health. He had been connected with religious and philanthropic 
movements, and was a man of wide influence. He was for many 
years a leading deacon in the Washington Street Baptist Church. 
He was also superintendent of its Sunday-School. He was a 
trustee of the Baptist Theological Seminary in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. He was also a trustee of the Tolman Temperance Fund. 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1893. He 
was also a member of the Massachusetts Society of the Colonial 
Wars. 



EDMUND BURKE WILLSON 265 



EDMUND BURKE WILLSON 

Edmund Burke Willson, of Salem, Massachusetts, late vice- 
president of this Society for Massachusetts, was born in Peters- 
ham, Massachusetts, August 15, 1820, and died in Salem, June 
13, 1895. 

He entered Yale College, but left before completing the course, 
and entered the Cambridge Divinity School, from which he was 
graduted in 1843. He was ordained, January 3, 1844, in Grafton, 
Massachusetts, where he preached for a number of years, and 
where he was remembered with interest and affection. He was 
installed as pastor in West Roxbury, July 18, 1852, where he 
remained until he was called by the North Church in Salem 
(Unitarian), where he was settled, June 5, 1859, and where he 
remained till his death. 

Mr. Willson was a typical New England minister, — a studious, 
cultured man, with a fine presence, grave, yet genial and gracious, 
the friend and counsellor of his people, an earnest preacher for 
more than half a century, and a zealous and faithful pastor. 
One wrote of him : — 

"He was loved and honored by all the citizens of Salem, re- 
gardless of creed, and his presence at any gathering lent added 
impressiveness to it. He seemed like a veritable patriarch; he 
was a benediction in himself. When the Methodists of Salem 
gave the great reception to Bishop Foster, Mr. Willson was 
selected to speak the welcome of the Salem pastors, and he did it 
as few men could have done it." 

He cultivated an interest in every good cause. He found time 
to enter heartily into a great variety of studies and labors out- 
side his professional work. He was engaged in prison and labor 
reform, and in a variety of enterprises of a charitable nature. 
He was interested in the schools, and served on the Salem School 



266 EDMUND BURKE WILLSON 

Board in 1859, 1860, 1861, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, and 1869. He 
was a valuable member of the State Legislature in 1883 and 1884, 
and served on the Committee on Education. He was the author 
of the Free Text-Book Law, which did so much to increase the 
attendance of the children of families in moderate circumstances, 
at the public schools, especially the high schools. He was presi- 
dent of the Salem branch of the Massachusetts Prison Associa- 
tion. After the death of President Wheatland, Mr. Willson was 
elected to succeed him in the presidency of the Essex Institute, 
a position of honor and of responsibility which required much 
active work. In January he was elected vice-president of our 
own Society, for Massachusetts, to fill the place left vacant by 
the declination of Chief -Justice Field. In this new position he 
accepted cheerfully a number of important services for the So- 
ciety. The Register for the same year contained three sketches 
of deceased members from his facile pen. 

Mr. Willson visited Europe in 1878. He was one of the found- 
ers of the Salem Fraternity — an institution which filled the 
place of the Boston Christian Union. He was active in sustain- 
ing the American Unitarian Association. 

He left five children — three daughters and two sons: Robert 
W. Willson, instructor in Astronomy at Harvard University, 
and Edmund R. Willson, both of whom were graduated from 
that institution. 

He was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1859. 



ALONZO AMES MINER 267 



ALONZO AMES MINER 

Alonzo Ames Miner, of Boston, a Resident Member of this 
Society, elected in 1884, was born in Lempster, New Hampshire, 
August 17, 1814. His father was Benajah Ames Miner. His 
mother was Amanda Cary. 

The name Miner has been traced back to the time of Edward 
III, who gave a coat-of-arms and the name of " Miner" to a man 
who fitted out a company of one hundred men, armed with battle- 
axes, many of them laborers in his mines, for the king, to be used 
in his wars with France. The first " Miner " died in 1359. Thomas 
Miner, who came to Boston with Governor Winthrop in 1630, 
was descended from the first Miner. Grace Miner, granddaughter 
of Thomas, married Samuel Grant, Jr., April 11, 1688, from 
whom General Ulysses S. Grant was descended. Charles Miner, 
of the fifth generation from Thomas, was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier. At the close of the war he removed from Connecticut to 
New Hampshire. 

Alonzo Ames Miner was the second in a family of five children, 
and the only son. He was an invalid in his earlier years, and 
unable to pursue an extended course of study. As he became 
stronger, he attended for a few months the academy at Hopkin- 
ton, New Hampshire. Later he attended school at Lebanon, at 
Franklin, New Hampshire, and at Cavendish, Vermont. He 
began the work of teaching at the age of sixteen. At the age of 
twenty he was associated with the principal in the care of the 
academy at Cavendish. The next year he became the principal 
of the Scientific and Military Academy, a new institution at 
Unity, New Hampshire, a position which he held four years. He 
began to preach in 1838, and in June, 1839, he was ordained. 
The same year he became pastor of the Universalist Church in 
Methuen, Massachusetts. In July, 1842, he became pastor of the 



268 ALONZO AMES MINER 

Second Universalist Church in Lowell, Massachusetts. In 1848 
he was called to Boston, and became pastor of the church on 
School Street, a position which he held till his final resignation of 
the active pastorate in 1891. In 1851 the church edifice was 
enlarged and Mr. Miner took the opportunity to make a trip to 
Europe. In 1872 his church dedicated the large and beautiful 
house of worship at the corner of Columbus Avenue and Claren- 
don Street, and under his wise and vigorous ministry it entered 
upon a new era of prosperity. 

Besides his work as a clergyman, Dr. Miner was connected 
with Tufts College for more than forty years. He was one of its 
founders. He subscribed generously to its funds. He made the 
address at the laying of the corner-stone in 1853. He was inau- 
gurated as president of the college July 9, 1862, and held the 
office until 1875, when at the urgent request of his congregation 
in Boston he resigned the presidency. During the time when he 
held this office he had an associate in the pastorate. Apart from 
this he was the sole pastor until 1891. 

Dr. Miner was a many-sided man. From early years he de- 
sired to enter the Christian ministry. His best and most per- 
manent work was perhaps as a pastor, and his last words were 
addressed to his brethren in the ministry. But he was all his 
life connected with institutions of learning. He excelled as a 
teacher. He was twenty-four years chairman of the State Board 
of Education, and twenty years chairman of the Board of Visi- 
tors of the State Normal Art School. He was for many years a 
trustee of Tufts College; was president of the Board of Trustees 
of the Bromfield School; president of the Trustees of Dean 
Academy at Franklin, where he delivered the diplomas to the 
graduates the day before he died. He was president of the 
Board of Directors of the Universalist Publishing House on West 
Street. 

He was one of the "Hundred Boston Orators." He was a 
member of the American Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ence, and of the Executive Committee of the American Peace 
Society. 



ALONZO AMES MINER 269 

He was most widely known as a reformer. He had the spirit 
of his Puritan ancestors. He was all his life fighting the evil 
which had entrenched itself in the laws and customs of society. 
He was engaged in the temperance work for fifty years. He often 
appeared before legislative committees to urge the passing of 
laws to limit or prohibit the sale of intoxicating drinks. His 
argument in 1867 before the legislative committee, against the 
repeal of the prohibitory law, was a great speech, full of facts and 
arguments. He occupied a leading position among those who 
were seeking to secure a better observance of the Sabbath. To 
his latest years he was ready, at any time, to enter the lists 
in behalf of those principles which his Puritan conscience 
commended. 

He received the honorary degree of A.M. from Tufts College 
in 1861; S.T.D. from Harvard in 1863; and LL.D. from Tufts 
in 1875. 

He was a ready writer for the press. Among his best-known 
books were: " Bible Exercises,' ' published in 1854 and 1884; 
"Old Forts Taken," 1878 and 1885. 

He was a valuable member of this Society. He rendered im- 
portant services as chairman of committees. He presided a 
number of times in the absence of the president. In important 
discussions he took a prominent part, and his influence was very 
great in directing the practical policy of the Society. 

He married, August 24, 1836, Maria S. Perley, daughter of 
Edmund and Sarah Perley. He died June 14, 1895, in his eighty- 
first year. His wife survived him a little more than a month, and 
died on the 27th of July following. 



270 JOHN WILKINS CARTER 



WILLIAM COWPER PETERS 

William Cowper Peters, a Life Member, admitted in 1870, 
was born in Boston, August 12, 1827, and died in Jamaica Plain, 
Boston, June 14, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Peters, by Rev. Ezra H. Byington, D.D., 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., p. lix. 



JOHN WILKINS CARTER 

John Wilkins Carter, of West Newton, Massachusetts, a 
Resident Member, elected in 1891, was born in Boston, June 30, 
1843, and died at Harwich, Massachusetts, July 5, 1895. He 
was the son of Richard Bridge Carter, who was born in Lancas- 
ter, Massachusetts, August 30, 1808. His mother, Lucy Lazelle 
Hobart, was born in Abington, Massachusetts, October 4, 1817. 

Mr. Carter was descended, on his father's side, from Rev. 
Thomas Carter, who came from England about 1630. He traced 
his descent from Rev. Thomas 1 , of Woburn, Massachusetts, Rev. 
Samuel 2 , Samuel 3 , Ephraim 4 , Oliver 5 , Richard Bridge 6 , to John 
Wilkins 7 . On his mother's side he was descended from Edmund 
Hobart 1 , who came from England to Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
in 1633, Thomas 2 , Aaron 3 , Isaac 4 , Colonel Aaron 5 , Benjamin 6 , 
to Lucy Lazelle 7 . 

He attended private and grammar schools up to his twelfth 
year, when he was sent to Mr. Hunt's Crystal Lake Seminary for 
two years. He was prepared for college in the Boston Latin 
School, and entered Harvard College in 1861. After his Fresh- 
man year at Harvard he enlisted in the Forty- Fifth Regiment, 



JOHN WILKINS CARTER 271 

Massachusetts Volunteers, from which he re-enlisted into the 
Seventeenth Infantry Regiment of the regular army. He re- 
ceived a commission and participated in all the severe cam- 
paigns of the army of Virginia, until December, 1864, when he 
resigned, because his health had been seriously impaired. 

After leaving the army he spent two or three years with the 
firm of Dunbar, Hobart, and Whidden, in Abington, Massachu- 
setts. He returned to Boston in 1867 and entered the firm of 
Carter Brothers, manufacturers of paper and ink. After the 
Boston fire of 1872 he sold his interest in the manufacture of 
paper, and took charge of the manufacture of inks, under the 
firm name of Carter, Dinsmore, and Company, in which business 
he continued until his death. 

He married, January 21, 1874, Helen Burrage, daughter of 
Johnson Carter Burrage, by whom he had four children, two 
sons and two daughters. 

Some time after his return from the army his college degree 
was given to him out of course. He served a number of years as 
a member of the Board of Aldermen in Newton. He devoted a 
great deal of time to the study of sewerage, and was chairman 
of the Committee on Sewerage. He crossed the sea to gain fresh 
information, and on his return he made a report which was full 
of information in regard to modern methods of sewerage, and 
many of his ideas were incorporated in the system finally adopted 
in the Garden City. He was one of the most active members of 
the Newton Tariff Reform Club, and was for ten years secretary 
of the Massachusetts Reform Club. 

He made a number of visits to the Old World, and devoted 
much time to independent investigation. During the last 
summer of his life he was spending some weeks with a large 
family party at the seaside, and was drowned while bathing in 
the surf at Harwich. 



272 ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE 



GEORGE NEWTON THOMSON 

George Newton Thomson, a Resident Member from 1871 
and a Life Member in 1874, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, December 29, 1808, and died in Boston, July 13, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Thomson, by Rev. Ezra H. Byington, D.D., 
see Register, vol. liv, supp., p. lx. 



ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE 

Alexander Hamilton Rice, a Resident Member, elected in 
1858, was born in Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts, August 
30, 1818, and died at the Lang wood Hotel, Melrose, Massachu- 
setts, July 22, 1895. His father was Thomas Rice, who was the 
proprietor of a paper mill at Newton Lower Falls. The first part 
of his education was received in the public schools of his native 
town, and in the neighboring academies of Needham and Newton, 
presided ov^ei respectively by Rev. Daniel Kimball and Mr. Seth 
Davis. After graduating from these schools he became a clerk 
in a dry-goods store in Boston, where he performed his duties 
with such laboriousness and assiduity that Ins health gave way 
and he was obliged to stay at home for two years. Upon his 
return to Boston he was employed by the firm of Wilkins and 
Carter, who were wholesale dealers in paper, and publishers of 
music books and dictionaries. He remained here three years. 
During this time he united with the Mercantile library Associa- 
tion and acquired such a taste for literature that he determined 
to go to college. In 1840 he entered Union College at Schenec- 
tady, New York, and was graduated in 1844. While in college 



ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE 273 



he was a very careful student, his motto being that which is 
implied in the word " thorough," and received the highest honors 
of his class. He meant to become a lawyer, but was prevented 
by ill health, and instead became a member of the firm of his 
last employers. He continued in business during his life, asso- 
ciating with himself Charles S. Kendall, and establishing the 
well-known firm of Rice, Kendall, and Company, paper dealers 
and manufacturers; the firm name was changed, after about a 
half century's prosperity, to that of the Rice-Kendall Company, 
with Mr. Rice as president. 

From the first of his engaging in an active business life, Mr. 
Rice took a large and serious interest in public affairs. In 1850 
he was one of the Board of Visitors of the Lunatic Hospital. In 
1853 he was elected to the Common Council of Boston, and was 
a councilman two years in succession, the second year being 
president. In 1854 he was president of the Boston School Com- 
mittee. In 1856 and in 1857 he was mayor of the city of Boston. 
During his administration many important public improvements 
were made and several others begun. In 1858 he was elected to 
Congress, and was a member of the thirty-sixth and the three 
succeeding Congresses, serving there in the troublous times of the 
war, and for several years of his career there occupying the posi- 
tion of chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs. He was 
always an influential member of the House. In 1875 he was 
elected governor of Massachusetts, and was twice reelected. As 
chief executive of the Commonwealth he acquitted himself well, 
and was a credit to the State. 

Mr. Rice was president of the Keith Manufacturing Company 
of Turner's Falls, Massachusetts, a director of the American 
Loan and Trust Company, and of the Massachusetts National 
Bank, and a trustee of the Mutual Life Insurance Company, of 
New York. 

He made many formal addresses, as, for example, at the open- 
ing of the Peace Jubilee in 1869; on the unveiling of the eques- 
trian statue of Washington in the Public Gardens the same year; 
at the unveiling of the Sumner statue in the Public Gardens in 



274 ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE 

1878; as chancellor of Union College in 1881 ; a Butterfield lecture 
at the same college in 1892; and at the setting up of the Farragut 
statue, Marine Park, South Boston, in 1893. 

As instances of his many-sided interest in things, it may be 
mentioned that he was a member of the American Archaeological 
Society ; a fellow of the American Geographical Society, of New 
York; a member of the American Historical Association; vice- 
president of the Webster Historical Association; a director of 
the Bunker Hill Monument Association and of the Commandery 
of the Loyal Legion; an honorary life member of the Farragut 
Naval Veteran Association; a trustee of the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and of 
the Episcopal Theological School, at Cambridge; president of the 
Sailors' National Home, and past honorary chancellor of Union 
College. He was also the first president of the old Central Club, 
of Boston. He was a member of the St. Botolph, the Algon- 
quin, the Commercial, and the Thursday clubs. 

Mr. Bice's first wife was Augusta E. McKim, a sister of Judge 
McKim, of the Suffolk County Probate Court; his second wife 
was Angie Erickson Powell, of Rochester, New York. 

In 1847 he received the degree of A.M. from Union College, 
and in 1876 that of LL.D. from Harvard University. 

Mr. Rice was about five feet, eight inches high, and weighed 
about 165 pounds. He was erect and steady, and had promi- 
nent and expressive features. His manner and speech were 
always courtly. He walked to his office in a closely buttoned 
frock coat and a silk hat. His only relaxation was driving. He 
was careful and painstaking in the discharge of business, convinc- 
ing and often eloquent in speech, a debater of large ability, and 
popular with the people. Ex-Governor Long called him "A 
striking representative of Boston citizenship as merchant, 
scholar, magistrate. He was a man at once of great business 
sagacity, of ornate and attractive eloquence, and of high char- 
acter. He has been an ornament to the city and the State." 



BENJAMIN PIERCE CHENEY 275 



BENJAMIN PIERCE CHENEY 

Benjamin Pierce Cheney, a Life Member from 1870, born in 
Hillsborough, New Hampshire, August 12, 1815, was son of 
Jesse and Alice (Steele) Cheney. He was named for the village 
squire, ex-governor of the State, the father of one of the presi- 
dents of the United States. He received a present of three 
sheep in recognition of the naming. The sheep had to be killed 
because of a great drought, and the boy had no other dowry; but 
he entered life's tournament with the courage and sagacity of 
the Cheney family. Hard times made it impossible for his 
parents to furnish him any extended schooling or the least 
capital. But he found something to do and did it well. As a 
young man he handled the reins so skilfully and treated passen- 
gers so politely that he became a popular stage-driver on the 
route to Boston. His chief success was as traveling banker, 
conveyor of valuable parcels, particularly those containing 
money. Here he showed rare fidelity and ability, and won such 
fame that the united stage companies of the Montreal and Boston 
lines selected him to reside in Boston and manage their whole 
business of forwarding money and goods. Not rendered vain 
by such a position and a salary larger than any bank cashier in 
the metropolis was then receiving, he kept on systematizing and 
improving his methods and developing an industry. He profited 
by the example of W. F. Harnden, who created and gave the 
name to the " express" business in its modern form, and of 
Alvin Adams, who was engaged in it from 1840 onward; and 
while he stood by old employees and old principles, he availed 
himself of every new mode of transportation and opening for 
business. He keenly perceived favorable prospects in real es- 
tate or railroad interests and discriminated sagaciously when 
new projects were suggested. Operating with various associates 



276 BENJAMIN PIERCE CHENEY 

he at length rose to be treasurer of the great United States and 
Canada Express Company. He also possessed heavy shares in 
some of the most prosperous railways of the country. 

He always recognized the rights of others, and took the great- 
est care of all that they entrusted to him. Many prospered 
because he protected their wealth; it was fair that he should 
become wealthy in such a course. He gave $12,000 to erect in 
Concord, New Hampshire, a bronze statue of Daniel Webster, 
and $50,000 to the great college of his native State. These are 
shining samples of his beneficence. His charming gardens and 
grounds at Dover, near Wellesley, so much enjoyed by multi- 
tudes, indicated his refined tastes. He well deserved the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts which Dartmouth conferred upon him, 
for his achievements in business were an art, and he patronized 
and grew in all true culture. It has been said of him that "he 
had no aspirations for public office; that in religion he never for- 
got the foundation, namely, that of being a sober, energetic, 
industrious, honest, humble, God-fearing man." 

When new towns were springing up along the line of the 
Northern Pacific Railway, the name of our honored associate 
was given to an enterprising settlement, twenty miles south of 
Spokane, in eastern Washington, near the Montana line. And 
Mr. Cheney gave to this namesake a handsome donation in aid of 
its academy. The town has nourished well; and the educational 
work, so generously fostered, will be a perennial monument to 
the donor. 

He was in the eighth generation (Jesse 7 , Elias 6 , Tristram 5 , 
John 4 , John 3 , Peter 2 ) from John 1 and Martha Cheney, who came 
in 1635 to Roxbury and removed in 1636 to Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts, where they were valuable members of church and 
community. The intermarrying lines were among our worthiest 
New England people. His wife was a descendant of Rev. Samuel 
Whiting, of Lynn, Massachusetts, and Elizabeth St. John, who 
traced her lineage back to ten European sovereigns. But he 
made no boast of family. He felt and proved the truth of that 
motto of the English Cheneys, Fato prudentia major, which 



JAMES CARNAHAN WETMORE 277 

may be paraphrased thus: Wise energy is mightier than 
circumstances. 

He married, June 6, 1865, a representative of one of the best 
Dorchester families, Elizabeth Stickney, daughter of Asahel and 
Elizabeth S. (Whiting) Clap, distantly related to him through 
the Clap line. They had five children: Benjamin Pierce, Jr., 
Alice, Charles P., Mary, and Elizabeth, all of whom survived 
him. He resided a portion of the time in his Marlborough 
Street home in Boston, and part at his country villa. He died 
at his residence in Dover, Massachusetts, July 23, 1895, having 
rounded out a long, useful, successful life. 



JAMES CARNAHAN WETMORE 

James Carnahan Wetmore, of Columbus, Ohio, was born in 
Whitestown, New York, May 1, 1813, and died in Elizabethtown, 
New Jersey, August 13, 1895. He was descended from Thomas 
Wetmore, who was born in the w^est of England in 1615 and came 
to New England in 1635, and settled, it is supposed, in Wethers- 
field, Connecticut, though he removed subsequently to Hartford. 
He was made a freeman in Middletown, Connecticut, in 1652. 
The ancestral line is as follows: Thomas 1 ; Izrahiah 2 , born in 
Middletown; Judge Seth 3 , who married, as his third wife, Hannah, 
daughter of Rev. Timothy Edwards, of East Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, who was the father of President Edwards; Deacon Oliver 4 , 
born at Staddle Hill, near Middletown, and who married Sarah, 
daughter of Elisha Brewster, a descendant of Elder Brewster; 
Rev. Oliver 5 , born at Staddle Hill, and a home missionary many 
years, died in Utica, New York, 1852 ; James Carnahan 6 . 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the common schools 
in Oneida County, New York, and at an academy near his early 
home. His life was for the most part devoted to business. At 
the age of fifteen he was employed in a store in Utica, where he 



278 JAMES CARNAHAN WETMORE 

spent two years. He had a better situation for the next two 
years, though he did not like the business. In 1832 he went to 
New York City, where he secured a situation with a jobber of 
cotton goods. He was four years in New York, and then re- 
moved to Mississippi, and after some years to New Orleans. 
While there, the Mexican War broke out, and he accompanied 
General Taylor to Mexico, and was engaged in the battle of 
Buena Vista. After the war he went to San Luis Potosi, and 
was the first American to bring goods by that route to that city. 
Later he removed to the city of New York, became a member of 
the Stock Exchange, and opened an office in Wall Street. In 
1847 he removed to Ohio. During the Civil War he was the 
military agent for Ohio, at Washington. 

In 1861 he published "The Wetmore Family," a very thor- 
ough genealogical, biographical, and historical work, of 670 
pages. It is full of historical information, which the author had 
collected from ancient records and letters, as well as from books. 

He married, May 29, 1851, Catherine Mary de Hart, daughter 
of the Hon. William and Mary (Barber) Chetwood, of Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey. They had one son, John Chetwood Wetmore. 

Mr. Wetmore was elected a Corresponding Member of this 
Society in 1861. 



SAMUEL WALLIS WINSLOW 279 



SAMUEL WALLIS WINSLOW 

Samuel Wallis Winslow, of Boston, a Resident Member 
from 1877, was born in Boston, May 17, 1820, and died at the 
Mansion House in Andover, Massachusetts, where he was passing 
the summer months, August 18, 1895. He was of the seventh 
generation from John Winslow, a younger brother of Governor 
Edward Winslow of the Old Colony. 

The family line is as follows: John 1 , who came to Plymouth 
in the ship "Fortune," November 9, 1621. He married Mary 
Chilton, who was a passenger in the "Mayflower." They were 
married in Plymouth, before 1627, and removed to Boston in 
1657. Their tomb and monument is in King's Chapel Burying 
Ground. Edward 2 , who was born in Plymouth in 1634, and 
died in Boston, 1682. Edward 3 , son of Edward and Elizabeth 
(Hutchinson), was born November 1, 1669. He was high 
sheriff of Suffolk County, 1722-42, judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas 1743-52. His home was at the corner of 
State and Congress streets, on the site of the Tremont Bank. He 
died in 1753. Isaac 4 was born 1709, graduated at Harvard, 
1729, and died in New York in 1777. Samuel 5 was born 
June 9, 1757, and died January 20, 1814. Charles 6 was born 
in Portland, Maine, in 1782, and died in Boston in March, 1845. 
He married Maria Miller Wallis, daughter of Samuel Wallis, of 
Boston. He was a dry-goods merchant in Boston in the early 
part of the century, and he was one of the subscribers to the 
fund for building St. Paul's Church. Samuel 7 Wallis Winslow. 

He was educated at the Franklin School, and at an early age 
went into the hardware store of Tuckerman on Dock Square or 
Washington Street. After the failure of this firm he was a 
clerk, and afterwards a partner in a drug store on the corner of 
Tremont and Eliot streets. In 1845, or thereabouts, this store 



280 HENRY OSCAR HOUGHTON 

was burned, and he established himself in business at the corner 
of Beach Street and Harrison Avenue. Two years later he 
became a partner in the wholesale drug store of George S. Wins- 
low and Company. In 1870 he retired from the firm, and de- 
voted himself to the care of his real estate. 

He gave much time to genealogical and scientific pursuits. 
He was a member of the Art Club, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, the Masonic Fraternity, and of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company. 

Mr. Winslow was never married. His two unmarried sisters 
and himself constituted his household until the death of his elder 
sister in 1893. In 1894 he had a severe attack of the grippe, and 
he was never as strong as before this illness. He died from heart 
failure after a very brief illness. 



HENRY OSCAR HOUGHTON 

Henry Oscar Houghton, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, a 
Life Member of this Society, was born in Sutton, Vermont, 
April 30, 1823, and died in North Andover, Massachusetts, 
August 25, 1895. 

He was a descendant of John Houghton, who was born in Lan- 
caster, England, and came to New England in the early years of 
the settlement of Massachusetts. The ancestral line was John 1 , 
John 2 , Jacob 3 , Jacob 4 , Abraham 5 , and William 6 , who was the 
father of Henry Oscar 7 . 

When he was ten years of age his parents moved to Bradford, 
Vermont. His elder brother had entered the University of Ver- 
mont, and his example furnished a stimulus to Henry to gain a 
liberal education. He attended the local academy a few terms, 
and at the age of thirteen determined to go to Burlington, the 
college town, and learn the trade of a printer. He became an 
apprentice in the office of the " Burlington Free Press," and 



HENRY OSCAR HOUGHTON 281 

learned to set type. With the assistance of his brother the 
apprentice boy was prepared for college, and he entered the 
Freshman class. He returned to the printing office, and used 
every hour he could spare from his studies in earning his living. 
He was graduated in 1846. Not succeeding in obtaining a posi- 
tion as a teacher, he went to Boston and entered a printing office. 
His first work there was to assist in reading the proofs of Pro- 
fessor Torrey's translation of Neander's "Church History," which 
was then being published by Crocker and Brewster. His classi- 
cal knowledge fitted him to correct the Latin and Greek quota- 
tions. He made an engagement in the office of the "Boston 
Evening Traveler," where he was employed in setting type, 
reading proof, and reporting public speeches. Three years later 
he was able to purchase the interest of one of the partners in the 
firm of Freeman and Bolles, at that time engaged in printing in 
Cambridge. After three years more the other partner retired, 
and the firm of H. 0. Houghton and Company was formed. They 
occupied an old building, which had been erected for an alms- 
house, on the banks of the Charles River, as their printing house. 
That was the starting-point of the Riverside Press. Mr. Hough- 
ton determined to do better printing than had been done in this 
country. He imported his inks from England, and selected the 
better grades of paper, and did the proof-reading himself. In 
these ways he obtained the best work of the best publishers. 
Ticknor and Fields gave him a share of their printing. He 
printed the first number of the "Atlantic Monthly," which was 
issued in 1857, — a magazine which he afterwards owned. 

In 1864 he determined to add to his business as a printer that 
of a publisher. He formed a partnership with Mr. Hurd, of New 
York, under the name of Hurd and Houghton. They brought out 
fine editions of Dickens, Bacon, Carlyle, Macaulay, and others, 
and soon gained a high rank among publishers. The next step 
in his prosperity was secured by the union of his firm with that 
of J. R. Osgood and Company, in 1878, under the firm name of 
Houghton, Osgood, and Company. Two years later Mr. Osgood 
retired, and the new firm of Houghton, Mifflin, and Company 



282 HENRY OSCAR HOUGHTON 

was formed. These firms published the books of the foremost 
authors of New England : Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes, Emer- 
son, Lowell, Thoreau, Hawthorne, and others. Mr. Houghton 
was from the first the leading spirit. 

The relations of Mr. Houghton with authors were very inti- 
mate. His office on Park Street was a gathering place for literary 
men. It was his custom to celebrate the seventieth birthday of 
the leading contributors to the " Atlantic Monthly" by a break- 
fast or a dinner, or a garden party, at which he gathered large 
numbers of his literary friends. 

On his fiftieth birthday his copartners and his employees pre- 
sented to him a costly fountain, erected in front of the Riverside 
Press. On his seventieth birthday his employees presented him 
with a silver loving cup, with a beautiful inscription. 

His interest was not limited to his business. He gave much 
time to the interests of the public. He was elected a member of 
the Common Council in Cambridge in 1868, and of the Board of 
Aldermen in 1869. In 1872 he was chosen mayor of Cambridge. 
For many years he was president of the Vermont Association in 
Boston. 

He was a leading member of the Harvard Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, in Cambridge, and for thirty years super- 
intendent of its Sunday-School. He was known as a man of pro- 
found religious convictions, and of simple faith and trust. The 
great sorrow of his life was the death of his wife, April 13, 1891. 
Soon after her death he made an extended foreign tour, visiting 
not only the countries of Europe, but Egypt and the Holy Land. 

He loved his business, and preferred it to any other. He had 
realized the ambition of his life in becoming a leading publisher 
of the best class of books. It was a special satisfaction to him 
that he had been able to carry the art of book-making to such 
perfection in this country. His success was due to his admirable 
taste and unwearied diligence. 

He was a Corresponding Member of the Vermont Historical 
Society. He was also a member and an officer of the Massa- 
chusetts Society of the Colonial Wars. He was a generous 



JOHN SIMPSON EMERY 283 

contributor to the funds of this Society, and watched its growth 
with an intelligent interest. 

Mr. Houghton was married, September 12, 1854, to Nancy 
Hyer Manning. He left one son, H. 0. Houghton, Jr., and three 
daughters. 



JOHN SIMPSON EMERY 

John Simpson Emery, of Boston, a Resident Member from 
1877, was born in Sullivan, Maine, September 13, 1816, and died 
in his native place, August 28, 1895. 

He was the eldest son of Hiram Eddy and Rachel (Simpson) 
Emery. He was descended from Anthony Emery, who was born 
in Romsey, Hants, England, and who sailed from Southampton, 
in the ship " James," of London, with his brother John and their 
families, and landed in Boston, June 3, 1635. The family line is 
as follows: Anthony 1 , James 2 , Job 3 , Joseph 4 , William 5 , Hiram 6 , 
John Simpson 7 . 

Mr. Emery in early life learned the trade of a blacksmith. 
Later he went to sea for a few years. In 1849 he came to Boston, 
and was in business as a ship-broker forty-one years, being the 
principal in the well-known firm of John S. Emery and Company, 
168 State Street. At the time of his death he was a director in 
the China Mutual Insurance Company, of Boston, and also in the 
Boston Marine Insurance Company, and president of the East 
Boston Dry Dock Company. 

He was educated in the common schools of his native town. 
He was a man of broad sympathies, liberal in his opinions and 
with his means; a friend of the needy and distressed, of wide 
influence and acknowledged integrity. He was an intelligent 
friend of the shipping interests of his own country. Although 
interested in public affairs, he never sought or held a public office. 
He had a strong attachment for his early friends and for his 



284 ISAAC FRANCIS WOOD 

native town. He enlarged and kept up his father's old home- 
stead, where he died. He contributed towards a town hall, for 
a schoolhouse, for the maintenance of the village cemetery, and 
for other interests connected with the old town. He was a mem- 
ber of the Pine Tree State Club, and an Honorary Member of the 
Boston Marine Society. He contributed a number of articles to 
the" Bangor Historical Magazine," and to some other publications. 

He had a leading part in the preparation of the genealogical 
records of the Emery family. He was a member of the executive 
committee of the family meeting of the Emerys for a number of 
years while the work was in preparation. He was also chairman 
of the genealogical committee. He aided this committee not 
only by his own researches among the ancient records of the 
family, but by his generous pecuniary aid. He left by will to this 
Society one hundred bound volumes of newspapers. 

He married Prudence Simpson, December 1, 1850. They had 
no children. 



ISAAC FRANCIS WOOD 

Isaac Francis Wood, a Corresponding Member, elected in 
1875, was born in New York City, July 15, 1841, and died in 
Rahway, New Jersey, September 25, 1895. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Wood, by William Nelson, A.M., see Regis- 
ter, vol. liv, supp., pp. lx-lxi. 



WILLIAM WETMORE STORY 285 



WILLIAM WETMORE STORY 

William Wetmore Story, of Rome, Italy, an Honorary 
Member of this Society, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, 
February 12, 1819, and died in Vallombrosa, Italy, October 6, 
1895. 

His father was Joseph Story, who was born in Marblehead, 
Massachusetts. He was a judge of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, and is accounted one of the greatest of American 
jurists. His grandfather, Dr. Elisha Story, was one of the famous 
" Boston Tea Party," and later was a valuable surgeon in the 
army of Washington. His great-grandfather, William Story, 
was register in the Court of Admiralty at the time of the Revolu- 
tion, and for years before. 

Mr. W. W. Story was graduated at Harvard in the class of 
1838, and from the Law School, where he pursued his studies 
under the direction of his father and of Professor Greenleaf, in 
1841. For five years he devoted himself to his profession as a 
lawyer, and gave promise of a career as great as that of his father. 
He published, 1842-47, three volumes of reports of cases in the 
Circuit Court of the United States for the First Circuit, and in 
1844 a treatise on the law of contracts, and in 1847 a treatise on 
the law of sales of personal property. His health was broken by 
his intellectual work, and he went abroad to study art, and from 
that time devoted himself to sculpture and to literature. He is 
one of the small number of men who have been eminent in three 
departments of intellectual activity, — the law, literature, and 
art. 

His publications were too numerous to be named in this 
notice. In 1844 he delivered, at Harvard, a poem on Nature 
and Art, before the Phi Beta Kappa. In 1851 he published the 
Life and Writings of his father, in two volumes; a volume of 



286 WILLIAM WETMORE STORY 

poems in 1856; "Roba di Roma," in 1862; "Graffiti d'ltalia," 
1869; " Tragedy of Nero," 1875; "Excursions in Art and Letters," 
1891 ; and a number of others at various times between 1847 and 
1891. 

He was a painter of no small merit; but his reputation in art 
depends chiefly upon his work as a sculptor. He received from 
the friends of Mr. Justice Story at the Bar a commission to exe- 
cute a statue of him as a memorial. He studied the works of the 
great artists at Rome as a preparation for this service. His 
statue, which is now in the chapel at Mount Auburn, represents 
his father in his judicial robes, with a book in his hand. 

Mr. Story resided in the old palace of the Barberini in Rome, 
and many of the members of this Society have been welcomed 
to his studio. He was an American in his tastes and sympathies, 
although his reputation as an artist is perhaps higher in England 
than in this country. He served as commissioner of the United 
States on the Fine Arts, at the World's Fair at Paris, in 1879. 
He kept up his acquaintance with his own country by frequent 
visits, although his home was in Italy. In 1877-78 he delivered 
courses of lectures on Art in Boston and New York. Among his 
best-known works are the statue of Edward Everett, that of 
George Peabody, and that of Josiah Quincy. His most famous 
work is his Cleopatra, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 
New York. He held for some years a professorship in Rome. 
He received the degree of D.C.L. from Oxford. 

His wife, to whom he was married in Boston in 1843, was a 
member of the Eldridge family. They celebrated their golden 
wedding. They left three children, — Waldo, who was a sculp- 
tor, Julian, and a daughter who married Signor Peruzzi, a 
descendant of a famous family of Florence. 



FRANKLIN LEONARD POPE 287 



FRANKLIN LEONARD POPE 

Franklin Leonard Pope, a Resident Member, elected in 
1887, was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, December 2, 
1840. He was of the line of Thomas Pope, a resident of Plym- 
outh, Massachusetts, in 1632, afterwards one of the founders of 
Dartmouth, Massachusetts. He was a son of Ebenezer (Captain 
Ebenezer 6 , Seth 5 , Seth 4 , John 3 , Seth 2 ) and Electa Leonard (Wain- 
wright). He married, August 8, 1873, Sarah Amelia, daughter 
of Captain M. Fayette and Hannah (Williams) Dickinson, of 
Amherst, Massachusetts. Three children of this marriage sur- 
vived: viz., Hannah Dickinson, Amy Margaretta, and Franklin 
Leonard Wainwright. 

Mr. Pope was a telegraph operator in 1857 in his native town, 
and then in Springfield, Providence, and New York. Here, 
during the draft riots of 1863, he personally joined the fragments 
of demolished wires to establish communication between New 
York and Boston. He was made assistant engineer of that party 
which undertook to establish a telegraph line between San Fran- 
cisco and Russia by way of Behring's Straits; which made the 
first exploration of the country between the Skeena, Stickeen, 
and Yukon rivers, 1865-67. He made important inventions in 
printing, telegraph, and electric matters; was a prominent patent 
solicitor in these subjects, and an expert consulting engineer in 
all electrical affairs, whose services were appreciated highly by 
Westihghouse and other strong operators. With Edison in 
1870 he invented the one- wire printing telegraph or " ticker," 
and in 1872 he invented the rail circuit for automatically con- 
trolling block signals. He was president of the American 
Institute of Electrical Engineers in 1885-86; was editor of "The 
Electrical Engineer" several years. The reconstruction of the 
Great Barrington electrical plant was one of his undertakings. 



288 FRANKLIN LEONARD POPE 

He wrote many articles for the magazines, these being some- 
times scientific theses, but oftener simple statements of the 
marvels of electricity. His published works were : " Modern Prac- 
tice of the Electric Telegraph," New York, 1869, of which the 
fourteenth edition was issued in 1891 ; " Life and Works of Joseph 
Henry," 1879; "The Western Boundary of Massachusetts, a 
Study of Indian and Colonial Life," 1886; "Evolution of the In- 
candescent Lamp," 1889; "Captain Ebenezer Pope, of Great 
Barrington," privately printed; "Genealogy of Thomas Pope 
(1608-1683) and Some of his Descendants," 1888. 

He resided many years at Elizabeth, New Jersey, having his 
office in New York City ; the last year of his life he spent at Great 
Barrington, in the house his ancestors had occupied, and which 
he had remodeled and converted into an elegant residence, 
where he died, October 13, 1895. 

Death came to him while he was adjusting an electric light 
apparatus. The family found him lifeless under the power of 
3,000 volts of electric current ; a conspicuous victim of that force 
he had so deeply studied, so clearly explained, so extensively 
controlled, but against which even the wisest and wariest cannot 
be infallibly insured. 






JAMES WALKER AUSTIN 289 



JAMES WALKER AUSTIN 

James Walker Austin, of Boston, was born in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, January 8, 1829, and died in Southampton, Eng- 
land, October 15, 1895. He was the son of William Austin, who 
was born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, March 2, 1778, and was 
graduated at Harvard College in 1798, and was a member of the 
Suffolk Bar. A volume of his writings, with the title of "The 
Literary Papers of William Austin," with a biographical sketch 
by his son, James Walker Austin, was published in 1890. His 
mother was Lucy Jones, of Charlestown. 

The family was descended from Richard Austin, of Bishop- 
stoke, England, who came to Charlestown in 1638. The family 
line is as follows: Richard 1 , Richard 2 , Ebenezer 3 , Ebenezer 4 , 
Nathaniel 5 , William 6 , James Walker 7 . 

He was prepared for college in the schools of Charlestown and 
at the Chauncy Hall School, Boston, and was graduated from 
Harvard College in 1849, and from the Law School two years 
later, and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar in 1851. He went in 
1851 to California, and thence to the Sandwich Islands. He was 
attracted by the beauty and fertility of the islands, and he de- 
termined to settle there. He was admitted to the Bar in that 
country, and in 1852 was appointed district attorney. He was 
elected to the Hawaiian Parliament, and reelected for three 
sessions. He was speaker of the House one session. In 1868 
he was appointed judge of the Supreme Court by a special act of 
the Legislature, and he was chosen to revise the criminal code of 
the islands, in connection with two other judges of the Supreme 
Court. He had been a member of the commission to revise the 
civil code two years before. These codes were modeled on 
those of the State of Massachusetts. He was the guardian a 
number of years, of Lunalilo, heir to the throne. 



290 JAMES WALKER AUSTIN 

He returned to the United States in 1872 for the education of 
his children, after a residence at the Sandwich Islands of twenty- 
one years. He became a member of the Suffolk Bar, and con- 
tinued to practice law. 

Judge Austin was a man of strong character, and of many 
accomplishments. His integrity was unimpeachable. He had 
a large circle of friends at the islands, where he had much to do 
in building up a vigorous and well-ordered community. 

He married, July 18, 1857, Ariana Elizabeth, daughter of 
John S. Sleeper, ex-mayor of Roxbury. He went to Europe the 
last year of his life, with his wife and daughter, and they were 
with him at the time of his death. One of his sons graduated at 
Harvard in 1887, and became a member of the Suffolk Bar. 
Another son was a member of the firm of Austin and Dot on, 
merchants in Boston. 

Judge Austin was elected a Resident Member of this Society in 
1874, and became a Life Member in 1878. He served as one of 
the directors of the Society twelve years, from 1877 to 1889, 
and contributed very much to its growth. 






I 



BENJAMIN CUSHING 291 



BENJAMIN CUSHING 

Benjamin Cushing, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, who was 
elected a Resident Member of this Society in 1887, was born in 
Hingham, Massachusetts, May 9, 1822, and died in Dorchester, 
October 16, 1895. His father was Jerom Cushing. His mother 
was Mary Thaxter. He was descended in the seventh genera- 
tion from Matthew Cushing and Nazareth Pitcher, who came 
from Hingham, England, in 1638, and settled in Hingham, 
Massachusetts. On the Thaxter side, his great-grandfather 
was Major Samuel Thaxter, who was at the capture of Fort 
William Henry. 

After the death of Jerom Cushing, his widow, with her chil- 
dren, came to live in Dorchester, with her unmarried brother, 
Dr. Robert Thaxter. 

Dr. Benjamin Cushing was prepared for college at Derby 
Academy, in Hingham, and was graduated from Harvard Uni- 
versity in 1842. During his college course he spent a winter in 
Cuba, for the benefit of his health. He went to Calcutta, on a 
sailing vessel, after he left college. In 1846 he was graduated 
from Harvard Medical School, and went to Paris for a year's 
further study of his profession. The discovery, by Dr. Morton, 
of Boston, of the surgical use of ether was made while Dr. Cush- 
ing was in Paris, and he saw the first two operations there in 
which it was used. 

He began the practice of medicine in Dorchester, on his return 
from Paris, in 1847, being associated at first with his uncle, Dr. 
Thaxter. All his professional life was in Dorchester. During 
the Civil War he volunteered to act as surgeon, and was sent to 
Fortress Monroe. After the close of the war he made a second 
trip to Europe, in 1866, and a third in 1875. 

Dr. Cushing was a faithful and very skilful physician. His 



292 OLIVER AMES 

heart was always open to the calls of suffering. He was a true 
friend, full of public spirit, wise in counsel and generous in his 
gifts. He was a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society, 
and was chairman of the Visiting Board of the Danvers Hospital 
for the Insane. He was also one of the consulting physicians of 
the City Hospital. He was much interested in certain proposed 
reforms in the treatment of dipsomaniacs. He served for a 
long time on the School Board of Dorchester. 

He married, in 1848, Anna Quincy Thaxter, of Hingham. 



OLIVER AMES 

Oliver Ames, of North Easton, Massachusetts, a Life Mem- 
ber of this Society since 1883, and a very liberal contributor to 
its funds, was born in North Easton, February 4, 1831, and died 
there October 22, 1895. 

His father was the celebrated financier and congressman, 
Oakes Ames 4 , born January 10, 1804, who married Eveline 0. 
Gilmore. His grandfather was Oliver 3 , who was the son of John 2 , 
who was the son of Thomas 1 . 

Governor Ames was educated in the public schools of his 
native town, and in the academies at Attleborough, Leicester, 
and Easton. He served an apprenticeship of five years in his 
father's manufacturing establishment, mastering the business in 
its most minute details. After his apprenticeship he entered 
upon a special course at Brown University. His favorite studies 
were history, geology, and political economy. In 1863 he be- 
came a member of the firm, and for several years superintended 
the mechanical business of the establishment. At his father's 
death, in 1873, he became directly connected with various cor- 
porations, banks, and other institutions, in which his father had 
been interested. He paid the indebtedness of his father's estate, 
amounting to $8,000,000, and legacies amounting to a million 



OLIVER AMES 293 

more. He was concerned in erecting the Oliver Ames Library- 
Building and the Memorial Hall at North East on, both splendid 
structures, which he and his relatives presented to the town. 

In 1880 Mr. Ames was elected a member of the State Senate, 
and reelected in 1881. In 1882 he was elected lieutenant- 
governor of Massachusetts, as a Republican, although the can- 
didate for governor on the same ticket was defeated. He was 
reelected to the same office in 1883, 1884, and 1885. In 1886 he 
was elected governor. His rare abilities as a business man were 
of great service to Massachusetts, and his administration was a 
very useful one. He was reelected in 1887. It was Governor 
Ames who recommended the enlargement of the State House. 
He laid the corner-stone of the new building, December 21, 1890. 
It was one of the last of his public acts. He had been an invalid 
for several years, and had not been much in public life. 

Governor Ames was a man of literary taste and culture. 
Architecture was with him a special study, and he had a fine 
appreciation of music and painting. He owned a choice collec- 
tion of paintings and statuary. His house on Commonwealth 
Avenue is a monument of his architectural taste. He was a 
hospitable man, faithful in his friendships, and generous in his 
benefactions. He was very popular with the working men in 
his factories. His estate was a very large one. 

On March 14, 1860, he married Anna C. Ray, of Nantucket. 
His children were two sons and four daughters. 



294 EBEN DYER JORDAN 



EBEN DYER JORDAN 

Eben Dyer Jordan, of the firm of Jordan, Marsh, and Com- 
pany, of Boston, a Life Member of this Society since 1869, was 
born in Danville, Maine, October 13, 1822, and died in Boston, 
November 15, 1895. 

The life of Mr. Jordan was devoted to business, and he was 
said to rank next to A. T. Stewart as a successful man in lines of 
business that were quite similar. He was a poor boy, left an 
orphan and penniless at the age of four. As soon as he was old 
enough to work he was hired to labor on a farm in Roxbury, 
at $4 a month. At sixteen he was employed in the store of 
William P. Tenney and Company for two years, and the third 
year he earned a salary of $275, a part of which he saved. When 
he was nineteen, a friend, Mr. Joshua Stetson, set him up in 
business in a small way, and his sales the first year amounted to 
$8,000. At the end of four years his sales had amounted to 
$100,000. He sold his business at the age of twenty-five, and 
spent the next two years in the prosperous store of James M. 
Beebe, gaining a knowledge of the methods of a large business 
establishment. In 1851 the firm of Jordan, Marsh, and Com- 
pany was formed, with a capital of $5,000. By industry, enter- 
prise, and skill a large business was built up within the next few 
years. The crisis of 1857 taxed the firm severely, but it lived 
and prospered. In 1861 the firm added a retail department to 
its large wholesale trade. The growth of the retail store was 
marvelous, and it employed at the time of his death nearly 3,000 
persons in its various departments. 

Mr. Jordan was a man of public spirit, though not an active 
politician. In the latter part of his life he made a tour around 
the world. Some years earlier he made a trip to Europe with 
twenty-five of the employees of the establishment. They were 



WILLIAM JOHN POTTS 295 

received by John Bright, by President Grevy, and by many 
other famous men in different countries as representatives of 
the enterprise and intelligence of American merchants. 
Mr. Jordan left a widow and two sons and two daughters. 



WILLIAM JOHN POTTS 

William John Potts, of Camden, New Jersey, was born in 
Philadelphia, October 14, 1842, and died in Camden, November 
18, 1895. He was elected a Corresponding Member of this So- 
ciety in 1874. 

He was the son of Robert Barnhill and Sarah Page (Grew) 
Potts. His father was a manufacturing chemist, having exten- 
sive works in Camden, to which place he removed in 1850. His 
mother was the daughter of John Grew, of Boston. He was the 
sixth in descent from David Potts and Alice Croasdale. David 
Potts was born about the year 1671, in or near Llangurrig, North 
Wales. He was a Quaker, and was probably of Quaker parentage. 
He came to Pennsylvania about 1690, and died 1730. John 
Potts, his second son, died in Pennsylvania in 1766. Thomas, 
the second son of John, was several times a member of the 
Assembly of New Jersey, was an iron manufacturer, and died 
in 1777. William Lukens Potts, his son, was an iron merchant, 
and a Quaker, and died in Philadelphia in 1854. 

William J. Potts was also the seventh in descent from Captain 
John Hughes, a leading man in Pennsylvania in its early years. 
He was the eighth in descent from Peter Larson Cock, born in 
Sweden, 1611, died in Kipha, Pennsylvania, 1688. 

John Grew, his mother's father, was born in Birmingham, 
England. He was educated in Bedfordshire, England, and was 
a man of great intelligence. His ancestors were people of intelli- 
gence and influence in the old country. 

William John Potts attended school in Camden and in Phila- 



296 WILLIAM JOHN POTTS 

delphia. He attended lectures on. chemistry at the University 
of Pennsylvania, and at the Polytechnic College of Philadel- 
phia. For some years after completing his education he was 
an analytical chemist in Camden. He went abroad twice, 
spending several years in foreign countries. He visited Eng- 
land, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, France, Belgium, Germany, 
Switzerland, Italy, and Austria, Russia, Sweden and Norway, 
and Egypt. 

He devoted himself for several years to literary pursuits, and 
especially to historical investigation. He wrote frequently for 
the Register, and for "Notes and Queries," the "Pennsylvania 
Magazine of History," and for many other periodicals and news- 
papers. For thirty years he made researches concerning the 
Potts family, both here and abroad, and collected a mass of 
valuable material. He was engaged in preparing a dictionary of 
medical biography. He contributed valuable materials to Dr. 
Stephenson's "History of Medicine in New Jersey." He fur- 
nished valuable material for the Memoirs and Letters of Captain 
W. Granville Evelyn, of the Fourth Regiment of the "King's 
Own." Mr. Potts gained important information concerning 
the battle of Lexington for this volume. The authors of 
several other books published in England gave credit to Mr. 
Potts for securing very valuable material for their use from 
America. 

He was a member of the American Philosophical Society, the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Numismatic and Anti- 
quarian Society of Philadelphia, Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, Sons of the Revolution of Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey Historical Society, American Folk Lore Society, and the 
Wisconsin Historical Society. 

In 1889 he published a brochure on Du Simitiere, artist, anti- 
quary, and naturalist. In 1895 he published a valuable paper 
on Hon. Thomas H. Dudley, United States consul at Liverpool 
during and after the war of the Rebellion. 

Mr. Potts was never married. He was a man of remarkable 
industry and skill in antiquarian research, and he left many of 



ARTHUR BATES ALDEN 297 

his plans unfinished, on account of his death. He was a genial 
companion, agreeable in conversation, and gentle and patient 
in enduring the long-continued physical suffering of his last 
years. In his religious convictions he was an Episcopalian. 



ARTHUR BATES ALDEN 

Arthur Bates Alden, elected a Resident Member in 1895, 
was the son of Albert and Charlotte Bates (Comey) Alden, and 
was born in Foxborough, Massachusetts, April 18, 1849. His 
mother died when he Was but a few weeks old. He was a descend- 
ant of John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, of Pilgrim name and 
fame, in the following direct line: Arthur Bates 9 , Albert 8 , Otis 7 , 
Daniel 6 , Samuel 5 , Samuel 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 , John 1 . His father 
was the son of Otis and Harriet (Adams) Alden, and was bom 
October 24, 1817, and still survives the son. 

In 1858 Mr. Albert Alden came to Middleborough, and estab- 
lished the business known as the Bay State Straw Works, for 
the manufacture of bonnets and hats. After removing to Middle- 
borough the son was educated in the public schools, in Peirce 
Academy, at the Bryant and Stratton Commercial College, and 
from 1865 to 1868 attended the school of Messrs. Thudichum 
and Lotheissen in Geneva, Switzerland. 

He enlisted in the United States army in July, 1864, and was 
discharged for disability in November, 1864. 

After his return from Switzerland he entered the employ of 
his father in the straw business, and became a member of the 
firm in July, 1871, the business being conducted under the name 
of A. Alden and Company, until 1876, when the Bay State Straw 
Works were consolidated with the Union Straw Works, of Fox- 
borough, and incorporated as the Union and Bay State Manu- 
facturing Company. He became the clerk of the corporation, 
and held that position until its dissolution six years later. The 



298 ARTHUR BATES ALDEN 

firm of A. B. Alden and Company was then formed, and continued 
until it was terminated by his death, December 12, 1895. Ill 
health and the perplexities of business, with the times hard and 
growing harder, so wrought upon a sensitive disposition that 
his mind gave way under the strain, and with a pistol shot, by 
his own hand, an honorable life was terminated in an instant. 

In his later years he had given considerable study to the gene- 
alogy of his own and other families with which he was connected, 
and was quite successful in working out many of the problems 
which perplex the genealogist. 

He was married, November 25, 1874, to Mary Harlow Soule, 
daughter of John Martin and Betsey B. (Harlow) Soule. She 
was born March 23, 1852. They had the following children: 
John Henry Harlow, born October 8, 1875, graduated from 
Brown University in 1896. Arthur Leslie, born May 27, 1882, 
died April 21, 1884. Betsey, born July 17, 1883. Albert, born 
November 28, 1890. 

He had served for a term of three years as a member of the 
School Committee of Middleborough, and at the organization 
of the Middleborough National Bank was chosen one of its direct- 
ors. He was also at the time of his death one of the auditors 
of the Middleborough Cooperative Bank. 



WILLIAM HENEY FURNESS 299 



WILLIAM HENRY FURNESS 

William Henry Furness, a Corresponding Member, elected in 
1859, was born at 16 Federal Street, Boston, April 20, 1802. 
He was the son of William Furness and Rebecca Thwing (daugh- 
ter of James and Martha Clapp Thwing), and a descendant of 
Roger Clapp, of Dorchester. His father was a clerk for many- 
years in the old Union Bank on State Street. He was a fellow- 
pupil with Emerson at the " Dame's School," and afterwards 
entered the Latin School, of which he wrote in his later 
years: — 

"When I entered the Latin School, the schoolhouse, some- 
what back from the street, and surmounted by a belfry, was a 
little churchlike structure, standing where the Parker House 
now stands. It was pulled down in my school days, and a three- 
story granite-front building erected in its place; and the Latin 
School was transferred to the third story. William Biglow was 
head master, and Benjamin A. Gould was another teacher, in the 
time." Mr. Furness entered Harvard College at fourteen and 
graduated in the class of 1820, of which he had been for many 
years the sole survivor. 

He graduated from the Harvard Divinity School in 1823, and 
during the fall and winter preached in several places in Boston 
and other towns near. In the spring of 1824 he was called to 
assist Rev. F. W. Greenwood, at Baltimore, for three months, 
and, returning through Philadelphia, was invited to preach for 
the small society which Dr. Priestly had organized in 1796, but 
which had never (for thirty years) had any settled minister. He 
was invited to take charge of this society, accepted, and was 
installed January 12, 1825. 

For fifty years he was the sole pastor of the society; at the end 
of that time, in 1875, he resigned peremptorily, but a few years 



300 WILLIAM HENRY FURNESS 

later was elected as pastor emeritus. Dr. Furness won a place 
of wide influence in the community in which he lived, and far 
beyond. He was never controversial as a preacher, and when 
he engaged in the discussion of the great questions of his day, 
while he spoke his convictions fearlessly, he avoided personalities. 
He was opposed to denominationalism, and stood aloof from or- 
ganizations which aimed at closer lines and limits for the denom- 
ination to which in name he belonged. He was deeply engaged 
in the antislavery movement, and during the years preceding 
the war it is said that the burden of his preaching was almost 
constantly the misery of the slaves, the wickedness and injustice 
of the institution. In all the interests and efforts of the aboli- 
tionists he was engaged heart and soul. As a writer of theological 
or doctrinal books he was diligent and intensely in earnest. He 
began as early as 1834 to sound the keynote of that which was 
to engage his enthusiasm in theological study during his life. 
He produced six large volumes and many minor books and pam- 
phlets, nearly all centering in the four gospels and the life and 
works of Jesus. The object or point of all was to prove the his- 
torical authenticity of the gospels by their naturalness, and to 
show that Jesus, in all that he was or said or did, was natural. 
His influence upon the thought of all to whom his books have 
come was very far-reaching, without being consciously received. 
Dr. Furness was a fine German scholar and took great delight in 
the literature of that country, and his translation of Schiller's 
"Song of the Bell" still holds its place as the best. He wrote 
many excellent hymns, among the most familiar of which are the 
two beginning respectively: "Slowly, by God's hand unfurled," 
and "Feeble, helpless how shall I learn to live and learn to 
die ? " 

In his refined tastes for pictures and the best of new books and 
new fields of thought he retained the freshness and enthusiasm 
of youth. He died January 30, 1896, at the great age of ninety- 
four years, loved and honored by all. 

Dr. Furness married, in 1825, Miss Annis Pulling Jenks, of 



WILLIAM GOODWIN RUSSELL 301 

Salem. She was granddaughter of Major Pulling, friend of Paul 
Revere, and the man who hung 

" The lantern aloft in belfry tower 
Of the Old North Church as a signal light." 

Mrs. Furness was born the same year with her husband and 
died at the age of eighty-three years. She was a noble woman, 
of fine presence, forceful and devoted. Their four children were 
William Henry, Horace Howard, Annis Lee (married Mr. Wis- 
tarn), and Frank. 



WILLIAM GOODWIN RUSSELL 

William Goodwin Russell, elected a member of this Society 
in 1891, was born on November 18, 1821, in Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, and died in Boston, February 6, 1896. He was the son of 
Thomas and Mary Ann (Goodwin) Russell, and came of Pilgrim 
stock, tracing his ancestry back to Miles Standish, John Alden, 
and Richard Warren, of the passengers in the " Mayflower." 
His earliest ancestor of the name of Russell in this country was 
John Russell, a merchant who came from Greenock, Scotland, 
and settled in Plymouth about 1745. 

Mr. Russell received his early education in the schools of 
Plymouth, and for a few months before entering Harvard College 
came under the tuition of John Angier Shaw, of Bridgewater. 
He entered Harvard College at the age of fourteen, and graduated 
in the class of 1840, assisting in paying the expenses of his college 
course by teaching school during the long vacations. 

After graduating he taught a girls' school in Plymouth for a 
time, and was for a year master of the Academy of Dracut, 
Massachusetts, where he succeeded the late Benjamin F. Butler. 

He studied law in the office of his brother-in-law, William 
Whiting, and at the Harvard Law School, from which he grad- 



302 WILLIAM GOODWIN RUSSELL 

uated in 1845, and was admitted to the Bar of Suffolk County in 
July of that same year. He at once entered into partnership 
with Mr. Whiting, and formed the firm of Whiting and Russell, 
which continued until the death of Mr. Whiting in 1873, when 
Mr. Russell took into partnership with him George Putnam, con- 
stituting the firm of Russell and Putnam, which continued until 
Mr. Russell's death. 

At the time of Mr. Whiting's death, Mr. Russell was already 
recognized as one of the leading men at the Bar, and on the death 
of Mr. Sidney Bartlett he became the undisputed leader, a posi- 
tion which he rilled to the day of his death. This position caused 
him to be consulted by men of all ranks and positions in the 
profession, who sought him as a friend and adviser in the many 
questions occurring in the practice of the legal profession that lie 
outside the province of courts and juries to decide. They 
always found him busy, but with time to listen and take an earn- 
est interest in their difficulties and give his best thought to the 
solution thereof. 

Mr. Russell, though taking a lively interest in public matters, 
had no desire for public office, and confined himself to the reg- 
ular practice of his profession, refusing on several occasions 
judicial office; the last occasion being in 1881, when he was ten- 
dered the chief-justiceship of Massachusetts by Governor Long. 

He served as overseer of Harvard College from 1869 to 1881, 
and from 1882 to 1894, and was at different times president of the 
Association of Alumni of Harvard College, president of the Bar 
Association of Harvard College, and of the Social Law Library, 
and trustee of the Boston Art Museum, and held other similar 
offices. He received the degree of LL.D. from Harvard College 
in 1878. 

Mr. Russell's legal residence was in Boston from the time he 
began the practice of law until his death. His summer home he | 
made in Plymouth, returning each year to the old house belong- ! 
ing to his wife's parents, which was always to him a second 
home. 

An earnest, absorbed worker, devoting his whole energy to his 



WILLIAM GOODWIN RUSSELL 303 

profession, he yet had a great love for nature and for out-of-door 
life, and especially for the sport of fishing, and every summer 
holiday would see him either in the bay off Plymouth after 
mackerel or codfish, or off the rocks of Manomet fishing for tau- 
tog; or, with his light boat, which could be carried on wheels 
from pond to pond, trying every lurking-place of the trout in 
Forge Pond, which he knew, from a boyhood passed in its 
vicinity, almost as well as its finny denizens; or fishing for bass 
or perch in the many ponds of the Plymouth woods, returning at 
evening sometimes with a good string -of fish and sometimes 
without, but nearly always with a bunch of whatever wild flowers 
might be in season in the special locality which he visited. 

His enjoyment of the beautiful in nature and art was keen, 
and his eye was as quick to detect a new flower or shrub, while 
driving through strange or familiar country, as it was to pick out 
a good picture in a gallery or a choice piece of glass or pottery in 
a collection. 

He was a reader of the best literature of the day, and while not 
a great raconteur or brilliant conversationalist, his talk was 
always interesting and commanded attention from the wide 
scope of his information and the soundness of his views and the 
simple clearness of his statements. 

On October 6, 1847, Mr. Russell was married to Mary Ellen, 
daughter of Thomas and Lydia Coffin Hedge, who died on Sep- 
tember 13, 1886. They had three children, two daughters and 
a son, who survived them. 






304 DANIEL DENISON SLADE 



DANIEL DENISON SLADE 

Daniel Denison Slade was born in Boston, May 10, 1823, 
and died at Chestnut Hill, February 11, 1896. His father was 
Jacob Tilton Slade, a Boston merchant, and son of Benjamin 
Slade, of Portsmouth. His mother, Elizabeth ( Rogers ) Slade, 
was a daughter of Daniel Denison and Elizabeth (Bromfield) 
Rogers. 

Mr. Slade was prepared for college at the Boston Latin 
School, where he received a prize for the best Latin poem. He 
entered Harvard when seventeen years of age. The four years 
of his undergraduate experience proved to be a great formative 
period in his career. During this period were nurtured and 
strengthened those tastes which remained dominant in him 
throughout life, especially his fondness for literary, historical, 
and scientific pursuits. He was president of the Harvard 
Natural History Society and contributed to it his enthusiastic 
support. The friendships, too, that were formed during his 
college days proved to be the closest and truest of his whole life. 
A classmate of such men as Francis Parkman, Leverett Salton- 
stall, George S. Hale, J. 0. Dalton, and B. A. Gould, the mutual 
attachments initiated during their college course grew warmer 
and firmer with increasing years. 

After graduating in 1844, Mr. Slade entered the Harvard Med- 
ical School. On receiving his doctor's degree in 1848, he was 
appointed house surgeon at the Massachusetts General Hospital, 
where he served for one year. He then went abroad, remaining 
three years in Europe, most of his time being devoted to the study j 
of his profession in Dublin and in Paris. Returning in 1852 he j 
began practice in his native city, where he continued to reside 
until 1863. During these years numerous articles on medical | 
subjects proceeded from his pen, and he was the successful 






DANIEL DENISON SLADE 305 

competitor for four medical prizes — the Boylston for 1851, the 
Massachusetts Medical for 1859, and the Fiske Fund for 1850 
and 1852. 

At King's Chapel, on May 27, 1856, he was married to Mina 
Louise, daughter of Conrad and Lisette Hensler. In his wife he 
found a helpmeet of rare devotion, who entered with enthusiasm 
into all his projects, and upon whose counsel and encouragement 
he was accustomed to depend for a period of nearly forty years. 
Four sons and seven daughters were the fruit of this union, of 
whom one son* died. 

During the war Dr. Slade was appointed one of the inspectors 
of hospitals under the Sanitary Commission. In 1863 he re- 
moved with his family to Chestnut Hill. After this time he 
began to relinquish gradually the practice of his profession, and 
to devote himself more uninterruptedly to literary and horti- 
cultural pursuits. He was passionately fond of flowers and 
plants, and it was his invariable habit to spend one or more 
hours each day in his garden or conservatory. His contributions 
on the subject of horticulture are numerous, including a charm- 
ing little volume entitled " Evolution of Horticulture in New 
England," and he was prominently identified with the Newton 
and the Massachusetts Horticultural societies. 

In 1870 Dr. Slade was appointed professor of Applied Zoology 
at the newly established Bussey Institution, at Jamaica Plain. 

In 1885 the scene of his labors was transferred to Cambridge, 
owing to his appointment as assistant in Osteology at the 
Agassiz Museum. This position, with the coincident one of 
giving lectures in Comparative Osteology in Harvard College, 
he continued to hold up to the time of his death. The college 
was further benefited by his foundation of the Slade Scholar- 
ship, which represented a gift on his part of $5,000. 

As a lecturer, Dr. Slade was extremely popular, owing to his 
charm of speech and manner, and power of stimulating original 
observation on the part of his students. 

But it was at his own fireside and within the circle of his own 
intimate friends that Dr. Slade's innate nobility and refinement 



306 DANIEL DENISON SLADE 

of nature were revealed at their best. His warm-hearted, sensi- 
tive disposition, his rare sympathy and capacity for feeling, his 
culture, love of intellectual pursuits and companionship, his in- 
tense admiration of nature in all its forms, his perfect sincerity, 
uprightness, and high moral principles, — these were among his 
most marked characteristics. One who stands high in uni- 
versity circles and was long and intimately associated with the 
doctor has spoken of him in the following words: "His simpli- 
city, directness, and moral earnestness were strikingly apparent, 
and his strong desire to be of service was one of his chief char- 
acteristics. He was just and considerate in his relations to 
others, and he had a modest estimate of his own powers and 
labors. He was faithful in labor, friendship, love, and duty." 

" His life was gentle : and the elements 
So mix'd in him, that Nature might stand up 
And say to all the world, This was a man!" 

— Shakespeare, "Julius Caesar. " 

Dr. Slade was a member of the Bostonian Society and (since 
1870) of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. He 
published " Twelve Days in the Saddle," Boston, 1884, and "The 
Evolution of Horticulture in New England," New York, 1895, 
besides a large number of articles in medical, scientific, historical, 
and other magazines. 

This article is condensed from a memoir, with portrait, in the Register for 
January, 1897, by Charles R. Eastman, Ph.D. 



AMOS STONE 307 



AMOS STONE 

Amos Stone, a Resident Member, elected January 7, 1874, 
was born August 16, 1816, in Weare, New Hampshire, and died 
at his home in Everett, Massachusetts, February 13, 1896. His 
parents were Phineas 8 and Hannah (Jones) Stone. On his 
paternal side he descended from Samuel 1 Stone through Gregory 2 , 
John 3 , Nathaniel 4 , Ebenezer 5 , Silas 6 , and Silas 7 . His father was 
born in Harvard, Massachusetts, removed to Weare in 1803, and 
in 1824 removed to Charlestown, Massachusetts. Mr. Stone was 
educated in the schools of Charlestown, and assisted his father in 
the grocery trade. In comparative young manhood he began 
dealing in real estate, and became an authority on the titles of 
land in his city. When Charlestown became a city in 1847 he 
was elected its treasurer and collector, which offices he held 
seven years, when he was elected treasurer of Middlesex County, 
and until 1886, without a clerk or assistant, filled this important 
trust. He was treasurer of the Charlestown Five Cents Savings 
Bank, of which his brother Jonathan was president, from 1854 
onward; president of the Bunker Hill National Bank, and was 
actively connected with the Mutual Protection Fire Insurance 
Company, and also with the Mystic River Land Company. His 
brother Jonathan Stone was the last mayor of Charlestown, 
previous to its annexation to Boston. Mr. Stone was a public- 
spirited man, with keen foresight, and regarded the permanent 
well-being of the community. In 1861, with twenty-one citi- 
zens, he equipped the first three military companies from Charles- 
town, and hastened them to the defense of the Union. He was 
also active in Masonic circles. In 1872 he removed to Everett, and 
entered at once into the improvement of that growing suburban 
city. He married, in 1866, Miss Sarah E. Mills. He left no 



308 NATHANIEL WING TURNER 

children. For further literature upon his ancestry and career 
vide " Histories" of Weare, New Hampshire, and of Harvard, 
Massachusetts. 



NATHANIEL WING TURNER 

Nathaniel Wing Turner was born at Waquoit, town of 
Falmouth, Cape Cod, May 13, 1810, and died at Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts, February 22, 1896. He was a Life Member of 
this Society, being elected to membership in 1871. 

He was the son of Walter and Lydia (Swift) Turner. He 
learned the trade of carpenter, and in 1832 married Celia Crocker 
West, a daughter of Josiah Blossom West, of Barnstable, and 
settled in New Bedford, working at his trade in that town. 

In 1836 he removed to Chelsea and built a number of houses 
and several churches. 

About 1840 the Boston Gas Light Company commenced busi- 
ness, and he was engaged as foreman, and continued in that 
position till May, 1851, when he purchased of them the gas- 
fitting and fixture department of the business and established 
his salesroom for gas fixtures at 21 Bromfield Street, Boston. 
He was the pioneer in the business, and fitted and furnished 
some of the largest buildings in Boston and vicinity. He also 
superintended and built the gas works in Chelsea, and was a 
director in the company until a short time before his death. He 
was a director of the Tradesman's Bank, afterwards the First 
National Bank of Chelsea, and was a Life Member of the Massa- 
chusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, serving as one of the 
Committee of Relief for three years. 

He was also a member of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society for several years. 



HENRY CHANDLER BOWEN 309 



HENRY CHANDLER BOWEN 

Henry Chandler Bo wen, Corresponding Member since 1858, 
died at his home, 90 Willow Street, Brooklyn, New York, Feb- 
ruary 24, 1896. He was born in Woodstock, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 11, 1813, and was descended from Griffith 1 Bowen, the 
immigrant (see Register, xlvii, p. 453), through Henry 2 , Isaac 3 , 
Henry 4 , Matthew 5 , William 6 , and George 7 , who married Lydia 
Wolcott Eaton, a daughter of Dr. John Eliot Eaton. His ancestors 
for the most part resided in Roxbury, Pomfret, and Woodstock. 
At the age of twenty he went to New York City, finding employ- 
ment in the silk house of Arthur Tappan and Company. In 1839 
began the firm of Bowen and McNamee, later Bowen, Holmes, 
and Company, which conducted the dry-goods business until the 
Civil War, when they were obliged to suspend. The firm several 
years before, in a historic card, gave notice to the trade at large 
that "our goods and not our principles are on the market." In 
young manhood he began an active religious life, and was fore- 
most in promoting the enterprises of the Congregational Church. 
In 1848 with others he began the "Independent," becoming full 
proprietor in 1861. With retirement from trade he gave him- 
self to its business management. In 1862 he was appointed col- 
lector of internal revenue by President Lincoln, continuing 
five years. During the history of the " Independent " its influ- 
ence has been in behalf of the best causes. In antislavery days, 
the trying times of the Civil War, the period of reconstruction, 
and all the larger interests of peace, education, reforms, and 
Christian missions, the "Independent" has been a leading force. 
Mr. Bowen was its soul and life. He attracted able writers, and 
by wise management secured a patronage making the "Independ- 
ent" probably the ablest and widest-read religious periodical in 
America. Among the editors whom he employed, of world-wide 



310 CHARLES FRANCIS POTTER 

reputation, were Rev. Drs. R. S. Storrs, J. P. Thompson, Joshua 
Leavitt; Henry Ward Beecher, Theodore Tilton, and Rev. Dr. 
William Hayes Ward. In recent years it was his delight to 
gather at Roseland Park, his gift to Woodstock, on each succes- 
sive Independence Day, a company illustrious in every depart- 
ment of the world's better ways. These famous celebrations 
have been highly productive of the historic and patriotic spirit 
of our day. Mr. Bowen married first, June 6, 1844, Lucy Maria, 
a daughter of Lewis Tappan, by whom he had ten children, eight 
of whom were living at the time of his death. He married second, 
December 25, 1864, Ellen, a daughter of Dr. Hiram Holt, of 
Pomfret. 



CHARLES FRANCIS POTTER 

Charles Francis Potter, a Resident Member, elected in 
1884, was a lineal descendant of one of the oldest Concord fami- 
lies, was born at Concord, Massachusetts, March 29, 1829, and 
died at Maiden, March 1, 1896, after a long illness. He came to 
Boston several years before the war, and was engaged in various 
commercial pursuits; at the outbreak of the Civil War he was in 
the wholesale and retail shoe business under the firm name of 
Bodwell and Potter. The unsettled condition of the market 
caused the firm to dissolve, and some years afterwards Mr. 
Potter entered the wholesale watch and jewelry business, in 
which he remained until a few years before his death. During 
this long period he was connected with the house of H. T. Spear 
and Son. 

The strong religious tendencies of his youth were developed in 
his early manhood, and he associated himself earnestly and with 
eager conviction with the Universalists. He held, as a lay mem- 
ber, many offices in the religious and social organizations of that 
sect. He was an officer in the Universalist Sanday-School Union, 



CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN 311 

which embraces twenty different schools, for twenty-eight con- 
secutive years, including the secretaryship for ten years, and 
for several years he was president of that body. At the time of 
his illness he was also secretary of the Universalist Club, which 
office he had ably rilled for six years. A lameness from boyhood 
had always prevented his participation in active life, and had 
developed the mathematical and statistical abilities for which 
he was well known among his own circle of friends. 



CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN 

Charles Carleton Coffin was descended, as are most of the 
Coffins of this country, from Tristram Coffin, who came from 
Brixton, near Plymouth, England, to Massachusetts, in 1642, 
with his widowed mother, Joanna Thember Coffin, and his sisters 
Mary and Eunice. He settled at Newbury, where he built a 
house and remained till 1660, when he removed to Nantucket 
and died there in 1681, leaving five sons. Captain Peter Coffin, 
a descendant of Tristram, and the grandfather of Charles Carle- 
ton, removed in 1769 from Newbury to Boscawen, New Hamp- 
shire, where he was prominent in public affairs, especially in 
energetic resistance to the oppression of the mother country. 
He fought at the battle of Bennington. His son, Thomas Coffin, 
married Hannah Kilborn, daughter of Deacon Eliphalet Kilborn, 
of Boscawen. 

The youngest of their nine children — Charles Carleton Coffin 
— was born in Boscawen, New Hampshire, July 26, 1823. His 
boyhood was passed on the farm, with early rising and hard labor. 
His education was in the district school, with a few terms at 
Boscawen Academy and Pembroke Academy. He acquired some 
knowledge of surveying, and assisted in laying out the Northern 
Railroad and the Concord and Portsmouth Railroad. February 
18, 1846, he married Sallie Russell Farmer, daughter of Colonel 



312 CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN 

John Farmer, of Boscawen. In 1851 he constructed the tele- 
graph line from Cambridge Observatory to Boston, by which uni- 
form time was given to the Massachusetts railroads. During the 
following winter and spring he set up the Telegraphic Fire Alarm 
in Boston, under the direction of his brother-in-law, Professor 
Moses G. Farmer. In connection with Professor Farmer he had 
taken out a patent for a contrivance connected with the electri- 
cal battery, which proved to be valuable and was sold, Mr. Coffin 
receiving for his share $2,000. The possession of such a sum of 
money encouraged him to strike out for a new home in the 
vicinity of Boston, and he rented a house in Maiden for $100 a 
year. 

He had been, for a few years, writing for the newspapers occa- 
sional articles, both in prose and in poetry. The favor with 
which these were received drew him more and more toward lit- 
erary and editorial work. His first engagement in Boston was 
as assistant editor of the " Practical Farmer," a weekly agri- 
cultural paper. In 1856 and 1857 he was connected with the 
editorial work of the " Daily Atlas," the organ of the anti- 
slavery wing of the Whig party, and of the " Atlas and Bee." In 
1858 he came into a connection with the " Boston Journal," 
which was to continue, in one form or another, for many years. 
Upon the breaking out of the war in 1861, Mr. Coffin was sent to 
the front as correspondent of the "Journal." He saw the engage- 
ment at Blackford's Ford, and at the first battle of Bull Run 
narrowly escaped capture by the Confederate cavalry. In De- 
cember, as all seemed likely to be "quiet on the Potomac," he 
obtained letters of introduction from the Secretary of War to 
General Grant and General Buell, and hastened west. At Louis- 
ville he presented his letter to General Buell, only to have it 
tossed aside with a contemptuous remark and a refusal. Then 
he made his way to Cairo, seeking General Grant. In the second 
story of a dilapidated building he found a man in a blue blouse, 
sitting on a nail keg, at a rough desk, and smoking a cigar. Pre- 
senting his letter from the Secretary of War, he requested the 
man to hand it to General Grant. Instead of turning to the inner 



CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN . 313 

office, the supposed orderly read the note and, rising, extended 
his hand and said, "I am right glad to see you. Please take a 
nail keg." Mr. Coffin was at once on the best of terms with the 
general, who gave him all needful facilities for obtaining infor- 
mation. He witnessed the surrender of Fort Donelson, and was 
with the fleet during the operations at Island No. 10, and later 
at the capture of Memphis. Then he came east and made report 
of the seven days' battles before Richmond. His account of the 
battle of Antietam was very highly commended. An immense 
edition of it was disposed of in the army. Another of his reports 
which became somewhat famous was that describing the three 
days' struggle at Gettysburg. It was reprinted far and wide in 
America, and translated and republished in France and Ger- 
many. He continued his sendees as correspondent to the end of 
the war, witnessing and making record of all the principal engage- 
ments of the army of the Potomac under General Grant. 

In 1866 Mr. Coffin went to Europe as correspondent of the 
"Boston Journal." Mrs. Coffin accompanied him on this jour- 
ney, which finally became a tour around the world. After a year 
and a half in Europe, he visited Turkey, Syria, Egypt, India, 
China, Japan, and California, reaching Boston in December, 
1868, after an absence of two years and five months. His travel- 
ing experiences furnished interesting material for public lectures, 
and for some years after his return he was one of the popular 
lyceum speakers. He delivered a course of lectures before the 
Lowell Institute. He is said to have given, first and last, two 
thousand public addresses. In 1870 Amherst College conferred 
upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. 

His later years were largely devoted to authorship. His pub- 
lished works number nineteen volumes, besides eight or ten pam- 
phlets. He was a member of the Legislature of Massachusetts 
in 1884 and 1885, and sat in the Senate in 1890. He was an Hon- 
orary Member of the New Hampshire Historical Society and a 
member of the American Geographical Society, of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, of the Massachu- 
setts Club, of the Boston Congregational Club, and from 1865, 



314 CHARLES CARLETON COFFIN 

of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. The last- 
named society celebrated its semi-centennial anniversary April 
19, 1895, and Mr. Coffin was the orator of the occasion. 

On the 18th of February, 1896, a distinguished company as- 
sembled at the house of Mr. and Mrs. Coffin in Brookline to cele- 
brate their golden wedding. The esteem in which the venerable 
author was held had large and joyous expression. Hundreds of 
friends from far and near brought their congratulations. Mr. 
Coffin was apparently in the fulness of health and vigor. Two 
weeks later, on the 2d of March, he suddenly and peacefully 
passed away. 

Mr. Coffin was an admirable example of what New England 
ancestry, and New England training, and New England courage 
and energy can bring to pass for a poor boy, under narrow condi- 
tions and opportunities. His life is a word of cheer to every 
young person who proposes to make the most of himself and to 
accomplish something for which the world shall bless his memory. 
From his boyhood Mr. Coffin was possessed with a kind of ambi- 
tion of which there is never too much in the world — an ambi- 
tion to do his best in the duty just before him, and to make that 
a stepping-stone to something higher. He was hopeful, alert, 
enthusiastic. His frankness, honesty, faithfulness, were prover- 
bial. He was never ashamed of his early struggles. In all the 
success and honor of his riper years he remained simple, unos- 
tentatious, transparent, pure, — a whole-souled Christian 
gentleman. 

A fuller memoir of Mr. Coffin, with a portrait, may be found in the Regis- 
ter for July, 1896. 



CLIFFORD STANLEY SIMS 315 



CLIFFORD STANLEY SIMS 

Clifford Stanley Sims was born February 17, 1839, at 
Emeline Furnace, near Dauphin, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania 
He was the son of John Clarke Sims and Emeline Marion (Clark) 
Sims. . 

The line of descent (in part) is — Rev. John 1 Sims, of Aspatua, 
Cumberland, England; Launcelot 2 Sims, born 1687; his great- 
grandson, John 5 Sims, born 1769, came to America 1793, died 
1826, at Uniontown, Pennsylvania; John Clarke 6 , born 1807; 
Clifford Stanley 7 . Clifford's grandfather in the maternal line, 
Dr. John Ross, was major of the Second New Jersey Regiment 
in the war of the Revolution. Dr. John Ross's father, Dr. 
Alexander Ross, born in Scotland in 1713, served as surgeon in 
that war, and was one of the original members of the New 
Jersey Society of the Cincinnati. 

Clifford Stanley Sims was educated at the Episcopal Academy 
in Philadelphia, began to study law at the age of seventeen, and 
was admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar in 1860. He was elected 
a Corresponding Member of the New England Historic Gene- 
alogical Society, July 3, 1861, when but twenty-two years of age. 
Still earlier, March 9, 1857, he had become a member of the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania. July 4, 1861, he was admitted 
to the New Jersey Society of the Cincinnati, of which he became 
president in 1883. 

In 1862 he entered the United States Navy as captain's clerk 
on the steam frigate "Colorado," and the following year was 
commissioned acting assistant paymaster. In this position he 
took part in a number of scouting expeditions, capturing pris- 
oners and intercepting the communications of the enemy. He 
was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Fourth Arkansas 
Infantry, U. S. Volunteers, June 22, 1864, but only two days 



316 CLIFFORD STANLEY SIMS 

later had the misfortune to sustain a slight wound in an engage- 
ment at Clarendon, Arkansas, where he was taken prisoner, and 
consequently was never mustered into service. He remained a 
prisoner for some time, and was then released on parole, but was 
not exchanged until the close of the war, when he resigned, June 
10, 1865. September 13, 1864, he was appointed judge advocate 
general of Arkansas, with the rank of colonel, by Governor Isaac 
Murphy. 

At the close of the war he removed to Tennessee, where he 
married Mary Josephine Abercrombie, daughter of Charles 
Steadman Abercrombie, M.D., of Roseland, Tennessee, at Mem- 
phis, August 2, 1865. He was licensed to practice law in Ten- 
nessee shortly thereafter. 

Various causes induced him to return to Arkansas, where he 
had made many friends during the military occupancy of that 
State. He accordingly settled in Desha County, Arkansas, and 
engaged in cotton planting. In 1866 he was commissioned 
United States deputy marshal for eastern Arkansas. 

Taking a deep interest in the work of reconstruction, he was 
elected a delegate to the constitutional convention of Arkansas, 
November 5, 1867. 

February 12, 1868, he was appointed a commissioner to pre- 
pare a digest of the laws of the State, and a month later was 
elected a member of the new Legislature. Soon after Governor 
Powell Clayton appointed him judge advocate general of the 
State, with the rank of brigadier-general. 

In 1869 Colonel Sims was appointed United States consul for 
the district of Prescott, Canada, embracing Ottawa, the capital 
of the Dominion. 

He discharged the duties of this important office with charac- 
teristic ability and fidelity until 1878, when he resigned to accept 
the more lucrative position of secretary of the Pennsylvania 
Company, and of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Rail- 
way Company, — both connected with the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road system. 

Upon retiring from the Canadian consulship he took up his 



CLIFFOKD STANLEY SIMS 317 

residence at Mount Holly, New Jersey, and there he spent the 
remainder of his life. In 1894 he was appointed judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals of New Jersey. 

He brought to the bench a mind thoroughly trained for the 
exercise of the judicial function, and in every respect he fulfilled 
the highest anticipations of his friends in that position. In 
the same year he was licensed to practice law in New Jersey, 
and thus had the peculiar distinction of having been admitted 
to the Bar of four different States. In 1895 he received the 
degree of D.C.L. from St. Stephen's College, New York. He 
was a deputy from the diocese of New Jersey to the general 
convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in 1889, 1892, 
and 1895. 

In addition to his membership in the historical societies 
already mentioned, he was elected a Resident Member of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, January 15, 1885, and a Corre- 
sponding Member of the New York Historical Society, October 
6, 1888. 

He published: "The Origin and Signification of Scottish Sur- 
names," Albany, 1862; "The Institution of the Society of the 
Cincinnati, together with the Roll of the Original, Hereditary, 
and Honorary Members of the Order, in the State of New Jersey, 
from 1783 to 1866," Albany, 1866; a new edition of Noy's 
"Grounds and Maxims; and also an Analysis of the English 
Laws," with a biographical sketch of the author, Albany, 
1870. 

There was about Judge Sims a masterfulness, a strength of 
will, a superior mental force, all modified, yet strengthened by 
his thorough training and scholarship, that caused him to be 
recognized as a man among men. His inflexible integrity, his 
high-mindedness, were the natural outcome of an instinctive 
purity that was childlike in its transparency. These qualities 
won for him a host of friends among his numerous personal, 
business, social, and political associates in New Jersey, Phila- 
delphia, and New York, and to these the intelligence of his 
sudden death, at Trenton, March 3, 1896, while on his way to 



318 HENRY PENNIMAN BLISS 

sit in the Court of Errors and Appeals, came with the sense of 
shock of a personal bereavement. But 

"To live in hearts we leave behind 
Is not to die." 

This notice is condensed from a memoir, with portrait, in the Register for 
October, 1896, by William Nelson, A.M. 



HENRY PENNIMAN BLISS 

Henry Penniman Bliss was born in West Brookfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 1, 1820, and died in Boston, March 6, 1896. 
He was the son of Jesse Bliss and Mary (Penniman) Bliss, whose 
home before marriage was in Hard wick, Massachusetts. His 
ancestry is traced to Thomas 1 Bliss, of Balstone, Devonshire, 
England, who was born about 1550 or 1560. The family from 
time immemorial had beeninclined to Puritanism, or rather to that 
method of faith and practice which came at length to be denomi- 
nated Puritanism. When Charles I began the oppressive meas- 
ures which cost him his life, two sons of Thomas 1 Bliss, Jonathan 
and Thomas 2 (born about 1580 or 1585), were especially obnox- 
ious to him and his court, and were fined a thousand pounds for 
nonconformity, and thrown into prison. At length, to escape 
further persecution, Thomas 2 , in 1635, with his son Samuel 3 , then 
a boy of eleven years, and other children, came to Massachusetts. 

The family were first at Braintree, Massachusetts, and after- 
wards permanently at Hartford, Connecticut. Then followed 
Thomas 4 , of Springfield, Massachusetts, Ichabod 5 , of Brimfield, 
Massachusetts, and Thomas 6 , of Brimfield. Thomas 6 , born in 
1742, was a soldier in the old French War, at Crown Point. He 
was the father of Jesse 7 , and grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch. Henry Penniman Bliss was educated in Monson Acad- 
emy, and came to Boston in 1839. From that time till 1886 he 
was connected with the wholesale dry-goods business, a member 



THOMAS HUGHES 319 

for many years of the firm of Cushing and Bliss on Franklin 
Street. The strong characteristics of his long line of Puritan 
ancestors were reproduced in him. He was much interested in 
music and in art, and was a member of the Boston Art Club. He 
lived in Cambridge from about 1849 to 1879, after that in Boston. 
He became a member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society in 1891. 

He married (1) Hannah L. Warren, of Grafton, Massachusetts; 
(2) Adelia Maria Warren, daughter of John and Susan Warren, of 
Grafton. His surviving children were Laura W. (married George 
A. Miner, of Boston), Edward P. (merchant in Boston), Harriet 
M., Delia F. (married Charles W. Huntington, of Lowell), Mary 
E., and Henry W. (merchant in Boston). 



THOMAS HUGHES 

Thomas Hughes was born at Uffington, Berkshire, England, 
October 20, 1823. He was the son of John and Margaret Eliza- 
beth (Wilkinson) Hughes. He was educated at Rugby under 
Dr. Arnold, and at Oriel College, Oxford, where he took his B.A. 
degree in 1845. He was called to the Bar in 1848, and was made 
a Queen's Counsel, 1869. In 1882 he was appointed judge of the 
County Court. From 1865 to 1874 he was in Parliament, where 
he was classed as an advanced Liberal, and gave his chief atten- 
tion to what he called " social-political questions." He was 
known as an energetic friend of the working classes, seeking their 
social and educational improvement. In 1870 he made a tour of 
the United States. He had stood up boldly for the Union in the 
darkest days of our Civil War, and when he came to visit us he 
received a most enthusiastic welcome. One of the results of this 
visit appeared some years later in the "New Rugby" colony in 
Tennessee. Mr. Hughes was deeply interested in the plan, as one 
offering a home under favorable conditions to young English 



320 THOMAS HUGHES 

people, for whom the outlook in England had less of encourage- 
ment. A large tract of land was purchased on the Cumberland 
plateau, and English families numbering about two hundred 
persons came over. Mr. Hughes came to this country a second 
time in 1883, chiefly on business connected with the colony. 

He will probably be longest remembered as the author of "Tom 
Brown's School Days," which was published in 1856 and ran 
through several editions. It has been called the most successful 
book of the century for boys. A French version was published 
in Paris in 1875. He was also the author of "The Scouring of the 
White Horse," 1858; "Tom Brown at Oxford," 1861; "Religio 
Laici" (afterwards printed as "A Layman's Faith"), 1861; "The 
Cause of Freedom : Which is its Champion in America, the North 
or the South?" 1863; "Alfred the Great," 1869; "Memoir of a 
Brother" (George C. Hughes), 1873. 

He married, in 1847, Anne Frances, eldest daughter of Rev. 
James Ford, prebendary of Exeter. She, with three sons and 
three daughters, survived him. Mr. Hughes was elected a Cor- 
responding Member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society in 1861. He died at Brighton, England, March 22, 1896. 



WILLIAM HOLCOMB WEBSTER 321 



WILLIAM HOLCOMB WEBSTER 

William Holcomb Webster, elected a Resident Member in 
1870, and admitted a Life Member in 1874, was born in Burling- 
ton, Hartford County, Connecticut, January 24, 1839. He was a 
son of William Bumham Webster, born in Harwinton, Connecti- 
cut, in 1808, and Sarah Adelia Hull, born in North Haven, Con- 
necticut, in 1817, and was eighth in descent from Governor John 
Webster, of Hartford, one of the founders of the Connecticut 
Colony. 

In 1857 he was admitted to Trinity College at Hartford, and 
was graduated in 1861. He entered the military service at once, 
and was commissioned second lieutenant of Company I, Fifth 
Regiment of Connecticut Volunteers, Colonel 0. S. Ferry, July 
10, 1861. August 9, 1862, he was promoted to the rank of first 
lieutenant, but on account of disability resigned April 6, 1863. 
His health having improved, he was appointed first lieutenant in 
the Veteran Reserve Corps in January, 1864, and was assigned 
to the Freedman's Bureau and abandoned lands, serving four 
years in Louisiana, during the reconstruction period. In June, 
1869, Lieutenant Webster was appointed a clerk in the Pension 
Office in Washington, and in 1875 was appointed chief of the 
Widows' Division of the Pension Office. Two years later he 
was placed at the head of the Old War and Navy and Bounty 
Division, where he remained till 1886, when he was appointed 
by President Cleveland chief examiner of the Civil Service Com- 
mission, to succeed Mr. Lyman, who had been appointed commis- 
sioner. He was not a candidate for the place, but his experience 
on the departmental Board of Examiners, and his recognized 
ability, preeminently fitted him for the position, and he was 
chosen, though the place was eagerly sought by many others. 
He performed the duties of the new position with great success, 



322 THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY 

till his sudden death of heart disease, March 23, 1896. In addi- 
tion to his work at the Pension Office, he studied law and gradu- 
ated at the Columbian Law School in 1871. He had prepared a 
history and genealogy of his ancestor, Governor John Webster, 
and descendants, but did not live to publish it. He aided the 
adjutant-general of Connecticut in recovering some of the army 
rolls giving the names of Revolutionary soldiers of Connecticut, 
and was greatly interested in genealogy. 

He was married in Washington in 1871, and his wife and a 
daughter survived him. He was a member of the Loyal Legion, 
Grand Army, Sons of the American Revolution, Society of 
Colonial Wars, and New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

A memorial service was held in Washington, March 25, by the 
Civil Service Commissioners, Board of Examiners, and others con- 
nected with this part of the government service, in memory of Mr. 
Webster, and in recognition of his high character, marked ability, 
and great services during the thirty-five years of his public life. 



THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY 

Thomas Lincoln Casey was born at Madison Barracks, 
Sackett's Harbor, New York, May 10, 1831, and died at Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia, March 25, 1896. His earliest 
known ancestor, Thomas Casey, was at Newport, Rhode Island, 
probably as early as 1658. The line of descent was Thomas 1 and 
Sarah , Adam 2 and Mary (Greeman), Thomas 3 and Com- 
fort (Langford), Silas 4 and Abigail (Coggeshall) , Wanton 5 and 
Elizabeth (Goodale), Silas 6 and Abby Perry (Pearce), Thomas 
Lincoln 7 Casey. His father, General Silas Casey, was graduated 
at West Point in 1826; served with distinction in the Seminole 
and Mexican wars, and the war of 1861-65, being several times 
brevetted for gallantry in battle, and was retired in 1868 as 
major-general in the regular army. 



THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY 323 

Thomas Lincoln Casey was appointed by President Polk a 
cadet at large at West Point, where he was graduated in 1852 at 
the head of his class, among whom were many who became dis- 
tinguished in the service. On his graduation he was appointed 
second lieutenant of engineers, and soon after superintended the 
construction of Fort Delaware. From 1854 to 1859 he was 
assistant professor of Engineering at West Point. For the next 
two years he was engaged on the Pacific coast ; but on the out- 
break of the Rebellion he was first stationed at Fortress Monroe, 
serving on the staff of General Butler, and was afterward in 
charge of the permanent coast defenses of Maine. In March, 
1865, he was brevetted colonel for faithful and meritorious ser- 
vice during the war. After March, 1867, he was on duty at 
Washington, where he developed a remarkable talent for accu- 
rate supervision of large enterprises, and a positive genius for 
reliable estimates. His great work was finishing the Washing- 
ton monument, of which he took charge in 1878, and placed the 
capstone in December, 1884. The monument had been started 
in 1848, and left without a stroke for twenty-two years. The 
general opinion was, that it would have to be torn down and a 
new foundation laid, or the height of 555 feet abandoned. The 
old foundation was too small and too shallow, entirely inade- 
quate to support the immense weight of the gigantic shaft of the 
original design. General Casey decided to dig beneath the 
foundation, underlaying it with another covering one and a half 
times as much area, and deeper than the old one. On this 
excavation and filling he labored for two years amid the sneers 
and derision of high officers and expert engineers. He then rap- 
idly completed the obelisk. No one now doubts his wisdom, or 
fears for the ridiculed foundation on which rest many thousand 
tons of masonry. The engineers of the world regard it "as one 
of the most remarkable pieces of work ever accomplished, one of 
the engineering marvels of the century." While completing the 
monument, he was also superintending the construction of the 
building occupied by the War and Navy departments, one of 
the finest edifices in Washington. The care and anxiety inci- 



324 THOMAS LINCOLN CASEY 

dent to the completion of the monument brought on nervous 
prostration, from which he never fully recovered. In 1888 he 
was appointed brigadier-general and chief of engineers. At the 
time of his decease he was in charge of building the Congres- 
sional Library. 

In announcing his death, Secretary Lamont said: "His 
absolute honesty, thorough devotion to public duty, and rugged 
force of character won for General Casey the supreme confidence 
of the country, and contributed in a marked degree to the high 
reputation of the corps of which he was long a distinguished 
member." 

General Casey was a man of fine literary tastes and acquire- 
ments. He wrote many articles of great value and interest on 
engineering subjects, and his reports are in constant use as works 
of reference. Generosity, a high sense of honor and integrity, 
and an ardent love of justice were prominent traits of his char- 
acter. He was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati of 
Massachusetts, of the Loyal Legion of the United States, of the 
National Academy of Sciences, and in 1890 was created an officer 
of the Legion of Honor by President Carnot of France. 

General Casey married, May 8, 1856, Emma, daughter of Pro- 
fessor Robert Weir, of West Point, who was born June 2, 1834, 
and survived her husband. They had four sons, of whom the 
eldest and youngest were still living at the time of his death; 
Thomas Lincoln, captain of engineers, and Edward Pearce, an 
architect of New York, who was associated with his father in the 
construction of the Library Building. At the graduation of the 
former from the Military Academy, his father and grandfather, 
both graduates of the institution, were present. 

As a member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, to which he was elected in 1882, General Casey was 
highly esteemed. He conducted genealogical investigation with 
the careful attention to detail characteristic of his professional 
work. 

This notice is condensed from a memoir in the Register for October, 1896, 
by the Rev. Silvanus Hayward, A.M. 



WATERMAN STONE 325 



WATERMAN STONE 

Waterman Stone was born in Cumberland, Rhode Island, 
March 10, 1847. He was the son of Lemuel Morse Ellis Stone, 
and Caroline Lucretia (Phetteplace) Stone. The family suppose 
themselves to be descended from Deacon Gregory Stone, who 
came from England about the year 1635. When Waterman 
Stone was about ten years of age he removed with his father to 
North Providence, Rhode Island. Here he attended the public 
schools and took a course in civil engineering in the private 
school of Messrs. Mowry and Goff. When he was nineteen years 
of age he entered the service of the Providence, Warren, and 
Bristol Railroad, of which his father was superintendent. The 
son was connected with this road for twenty-four years, passing 
through all grades of service from freight clerk to superintendent. 
In 1889 he removed to Kansas City and became superintendent 
of the elevated and street railways of that place. After remain- 
ing there four years he established an office in New York City. 
Afterwards he constructed the electric road from Fall River to 
New Bedford, and lines within the former city, being engaged 
upon the power house when he was taken ill. 

He was prominently connected with the projected electric line 
from Providence to Taunton, and was expecting to begin its con- 
struction. Mr. Stone stood in the front rank of civil engineers 
of the country, being a member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers and the Boston Society of Civil Engineers, and was re- 
garded as an authority upon matters pertaining to his profession. 

He was for many years secretary of the American Society of 
Railroad Superintendents. In 1881 he became a member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society. He married, 
January 3, 1872, Emily Clark Steere, of Gloucester, Rhode 
Island, who survived him. Their surviving children were: Mary 



326 BENJAMIN FRANKLIN TWEED 

Winsor, married Edward D. Ellison, of Kansas City; Charles 
Waterman; Elizabeth; Waterman; Marguerite Bernon; and 
Katherine Phetteplace. 

Mr. Stone's home and the residence of his family for the last 
years of his life was at Lawrence, Kansas. He died after a brief 
illness at the residence of his mother, in North Providence, 
Rhode Island, March 30, 1896. 

One well qualified to speak of him says: "Mr. Stone was the 
most modest of men, of a frank and open-hearted nature, and brave 
and cheerful spirit, even when contending with much to trouble 
and perplex. Generous in disposition, faithful to every trust, of 
indomitable will and perseverance, he never spared himself when 
there was work to be done or obligations unperformed." 



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN TWEED 

Benjamin Franklin Tweed, elected a Resident Member in 
1875, was born at Reading (South Parish), Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 17, 1811, and died at Cambridge, April 2, 1896, aged eighty- 
five years, two months, and sixteen days. He was third of the 
four sons of Joshua and Elizabeth (Pratt) Tweed. Beginning 
as a shoemaker, while seated at his work the South Reading 
Academy was but a short distance away, and with teachers 
and pupils passing was in full view. There the inspiration was 
received for an education, which was subsequently obtained at 
that institution. 

He taught winter terms of school in Lynnfield, Hyannis, and 
Cotuit, and yearly terms at Medford, Cambridge, and Charles- 
town; was resident of South Reading for many years, and during 
1851, 1854, and 1856 served the town upon its School Committee, 
as his father did in 1818 and 1823. He was professor of Rhetoric, 
Logic, and English Literature in Tufts College, 1855-64, and 
of English Literature in Washington University, St. Louis, 



WILLIAM GORDON WELD 327 

Missouri, 1864-70; superintendent of schools, Charlestown, 
1870-76, and a supervisor of schools, Boston, 1876-80. In 1853 
he received the honorary degree of A.M. from Harvard 
University. 

He was the author of Tweed's Grammar and a partner in 
Tower and Tweed's (private) school, which was kept under 
Park Street Church. 

He was twice married; first to Clara Foster, of Danvers, who 
bore him one child, later the wife of Judge John W. Hammond, 
of the Superior Court of Massachusetts, a former preceptor in 
South Reading Academy. His second wife, Mary J. Herrick, 
also of Danvers, was a niece of the first Mrs. Tweed. 

Of his brothers, Joshua prepared for the ministry, but early 
deceased ; Harrison was for many years the well-known head of 
one of the largest iron foundries; and Austin was a judge in 
California. All excellent vocalists, the people of Wakefield re- 
membered with pride the rich harmony of their united voices. 



WILLIAM GORDON WELD 

William Gordon Weld, born in Boston, November 10, 1827, 
was the son of William Fletcher Weld and Mary P. (Bryant) 
Weld, of that city. He was a direct descendant, in the seventh 
generation, of Captain Joseph Weld, who came from Sudbury, 
County of Suffolk, England, in 1635, and settled in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts. 

At the age of twelve or thirteen he entered the Boston Public 
Latin School with the intention of fitting for Harvard College. 
His tastes and opportunities, however, combining to make a 
business career appear more attractive and profitable, he left the 
school before graduating and began a training in commercial 
affairs in the office of his father, who was at the head of the 
firm of W. F. Weld and Company. The firm enjoyed at that 



328 WILLIAM GORDON WELD 

time a great reputation for the number and excellence of its 
ships, and for the magnitude of its commercial transactions. 

Showing an aptitude for affairs, he was entrusted with the 
duty of conducting negotiations requiring tact and ability, and 
when still quite young was given an interest in the business and 
a place in the firm, a connection which continued until he retired 
from business about the year 1871. 

Mr. Weld was of an impulsive, energetic temperament, and 
enthusiastic and diligent in whatever he undertook. In 1855 
he, with a few others of his own age, was active in establishing a 
free evening school for boys on Pitts Street, Boston, of wmich he 
for some time acted as superintendent. He and his colleagues 
devoted two evenings in each week to the work of teaching those 
who would otherwise have had no opportunity to obtain even 
an elementary education. For nearly five years, sometimes 
under discouraging conditions, Mr. Weld prosecuted his work with 
unabated ardor, neither business nor pleasure being allowed to 
interfere with a faithful and punctual performance of this labor 
of love. In many instances boys who attended this free evening 
school visited Mr. Weld and his coworkers, in later years, to bear 
testimony to the value of the service rendered them. This un- 
dertaking was one of the initial steps to the public evening school 
afterwards established by the city of Boston. 

After his retirement from active business he did not lead a 
wholly inactive life. In the management of his father's large 
estate, as one of the executors and one of the trustees under the 
will, and as a director in the several institutions and corpora- 
tions with which he was connected, he found ample and congenial 
employment for all the time he desired to devote to such pur- 
poses. For many years previous to his death he resided in his 
beautiful home in Newport, Rhode Island, but he still retained 
and occupied during the winter months his home on Common- 
wealth Avenue. He was one of the trustees of the Old Ladies' 
Home, at Boston, and one of the directors of the Butler Hospital 
for the Insane at Providence, Rhode Island, and remembered 
both these institutions in his will. He was a member of the 






JOHN HOPKINS MORISON 329 

Arlington Street Church Society. He became a member of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society in 1874. 

He was married, January 1, 1854, to Caroline L. Goddard, 
daughter of Charles Goddard, of Brookline, who survived him. 
He died April 16, 1896. They had two sons, Dr. Charles G. 
Weld and William F. Weld, the latter of whom deceased before 
the father's death. 



JOHN HOPKINS MORISON 

John Hopkins Morison, a Resident Member, elected in 1860, 
the eldest son of Nathaniel and Mary Ann (Hopkins) Morison, 
of Peterborough, New Hampshire, was born in that town July 
25, 1808. In his autobiography, printed in Smith's " History of 
Peterborough," pp. 186-193, he says: "I remained at home till 
April 15, 1820. At the age of three I began to attend school in the 
summer, but after I was six years old my services on the farm 
were thought too valuable to be dispensed with, and from that 
time forth till Iwas sixteen I went to school only in the winter, from 
eight to twelve weeks a year. In the autumn of 1819 my father 
died and left his family in great affliction and in very straitened 
circumstances. From 1820 to 1824 I lived with different farmers 
in the town, working hard, faring as well as they did, and receiv- 
ing but scanty wages, never, I think, more than $50 a year, even 
when I did nearly a man's work." 

In 1824 he went to Exeter and lived with Mr. Joseph Smith 
Gilman, and worked in a small grocery store. While here he 
attended an evening school kept by Richard Hildreth, afterwards 
the well-known author. Later he lived a while with Hon. Jere- 
miah Smith, of Exeter. In August, 1829, he was admitted to the 
junior class in Harvard College. He was graduated in 1831. In 
March, 1832, he opened a small private school for young ladies, 
in New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he remained a year. In 



330 JOHN HOPKINS MORISON 

1833 he entered the middle class of Cambridge Divinity School, 
but did not graduate. He supported himself as a private teacher 
till May, 1838, when he was settled as associate pastor with Rev. 
Ephraim Peabody, at New Bedford. Here he was married, in 
October, 1841, to Miss Emily Hurd Rogers, of Salem. In 1845 he 
resigned his office at New Bedford, and was installed, January 
18, 1846, as pastor of the First Congregational Parish at Milton. 
After a pastorate of twenty-five years, at his request a colleague 
was chosen, namely, Rev. Francis T.Washburn, who was installed 
March 2, 1871. Mr. Washburn died December 29, 1873, and was 
succeeded, as colleague pastor, by Rev. Frederick Frothingham. 

In 1880 Dr. Morison resigned his pastorate. In 1858 the de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon him by Harvard 
College. He was the author of " Disquisitions and Notes on the 
Gospel of Matthew," 1841; "Life of Jeremiah Smith, LL.D.," 
1845; "Life of Robert Swain," 1847; and various sermons and 
addresses. 

A sketch of his life which appeared in the "Christian Register," 
May 7, 1896, thus characterized him: "As a preacher, Dr. Morison 
was both impressive and inspiring. Though he was a firm Uni- 
tarian of the conservative type, his drift was chiefly towards 
the spiritual life and the universal truths of the religion of Jesus." 
He died at Boston, April 26, 1896. 



DAVID GREENE HASKINS 331 






WARREN FISHER 

Warren Fisher, a Resident Member, elected in 1870, and a 
Life Member from 1871, was born in Boston, September 26, 1825, 
and died in the same city, April 30, 1896. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Fisher, by John Ward Dean, A.M., see 
Register, vol. liv supp., p. lxi. 



DAVID GREENE HASKINS 

David Greene Haskins, second son of Ralph and Rebecca 
(Greene) Haskins, was born in Boston, May 1, 1818. Ralph 3 was 
the sixteenth and youngest child of John 2 and Hannah (Upham) 
Haskins. Robert Haskins 1 , the father of John 2 , came to Boston 
from Virginia in the early part of the last century. Ralph was a 
well-known Boston merchant in partnership with Theodore 
Lyman. Rebecca Greene was the eldest daughter of David 
Greene and his wife Rebecca, daughter of John Rose, of Antigua, 
West Indies, and was a direct descendant of John Greene, an 
associate of Roger Williams in the Providence purchase. 

Dr. Haskins was cousin of Ralph Waldo Emerson, whose 
school in Roxbury he attended in boyhood. Pie graduated at 
Harvard in 1837, and was then employed for two years as assist- 
ant in the academy of his uncle, Charles W. Greene, at Jamaica 
Plain, where he had fitted for college. He was, for part of the 
junior year, a member of the class of 1841 of Andover Theological 
Seminary, but obtained his principal theological training, a few 
years later, under the private instruction of Dr. Howe, afterwards 
bishop of Central Pennsylvania. He was for three years precep tor 



332 DAVID GREENE HASKINS 

of the academy at Portland, Maine, and while studying for the 
ministry had a private school for girls at Roxbury, and several 
years later established, and for ten years successfully conducted, 
a school for young ladies at the South End, Boston. Always suc- 
cessful as a teacher, his heart was in the work of the ministry, 
from which he partly turned aside, only on account of vocal weak- 
ness. Notwithstanding this hindrance, his ministerial record is 
beyond the average of those of the same calling. Ordained in the 
Episcopal Church, in 1847^8, his first charge was at Gardiner, 
Maine. He afterwards established new churches in Med ford, 
Brighton, and Arlington, Massachusetts ; was for two years chap- 
lain at the McLean Asylum in Somerville; and in his later life, 
from January, 1889, had charge of St. Bartholomew's Church in 
Cambridge. His eminence as a teacher and churchman was 
fittingly recognized by his election as dean and professor of 
Ecclesiastical History in the Theological School of the Univer- 
sity of the South, at Sewanee, Tennessee, which position he 
declined, but accepted appointment as commissioner of educa- 
tion at the same university. Columbia College conferred on him 
in 1877 the degree of S.T.D. 

He was elected member of the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society in 1869; was for several years chairman of the 
Committee on Papers and Essays, and often served the Society 
on special committees. His literary ability is shown by the fol- 
lowing books and pamphlets from his pen: " Selections from the 
Old and New Testaments for use in Families and Schools," "The 
French and English First Book," "Confirmation," "The Study 
of the Larger English Dictionaries," "The Religious Education 
of Children in New England," "The Requisites for a Church 
School for Girls, " and "The Maternal Ancestors of Ralph Waldo 
Emerson." His mental versatility is shown in the fact that 
during his last years he had given much attention to scientific 
matters, conducting interesting and valuable investigations 
relative to propelling vessels by novel devices, and had not only 
written quite extensively on the subject, but had patented sev- 
eral inventions. 



GEORGE POTTER BARRETT 333 

Dr. Haskins married, December 20, 1842, at Portland, Maine, 
Mary Cogswell, daughter of the Hon. Charles Stuart Dayies and 
his wife, Elizabeth Taylor, daughter of Governor Gilman, of 
Exeter, New Hampshire, and died at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
May 11, 1896, leaving a widow and three children: one son, 
David G. Haskins, Jr. (Harvard, 1866), a lawyer in Boston; and 
two daughters, Mary C, who married James 0. Watson, of 
Orange, New Jersey, and Frances Greene Haskins. 



GEORGE POTTER BARRETT 

George Potter Barrett was born in Portland, Maine, March 
24, 1837. His earliest ancestor in this country was James Bar- 
rett, who was in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1643, but removed 
to Maiden. 

The line of descent has been as follows: James 1 , born in Eng- 
land, married Hannah or Anna Fosdick, died in Maiden; James 2 , 
married Dorcas Green, of Maiden, died about 1679; (Deacon) 
John 3 , of Boston, married, first (by Rev. Cotton Mather), Sarah 
Eustace or Eustis, second, Mrs. Rebecca Wells, died 1721, buried 
in Copps Hill; John 4 , born in Boston, married (by Rev. John 
Webb) Rebecca Collins; John 5 , born in Boston, married (by Rev. 
Andrew Eliot) Elizabeth Edwards, lived in Middletown, Connec- 
ticut, removed to Springfield, Vermont, was lieutenant-colonel 
of the Upper Regiment of the Cumberland, of which Seth Warner 
was colonel, Revolutionary Army, died in Springfield, 1806; 
John 6 , born in Middletown, Connecticut, graduated at Harvard, 
1780, received degree of A.M. from Dartmouth, also lawyer, 
married Martha Dickenson, of Hatfield, Massachusetts, died in 
Northfield, Massachusetts, 1816; Charles Edwards 7 , born in 
Northfield, Massachusetts, 1804, graduated at Bowdoin College, 
1822, lawyer by profession, but left it for banks and railways, 
married Elizabeth Mary Baker, of Portland, Maine, died in Port- 



334 WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL 

land, 1894; George Potter 8 , born in Portland, March 24, 1837, 
unmarried, banker, died June 3, 1896. 

Mr. Barrett prepared for college in the Portland high school 
and the old Portland Academy; entered Brown University in 
1853; remained there three years, pursuing a selected course of 
study, but not taking a degree ; entered the service of the Grand 
Trunk Railway Company, in the treasurer's office, in 1857 ; from 
there went to the First National Bank of Portland, of which he 
became paying teller in 1867; with the late Francis K. Swan, he 
established the firm of Swan and Barrett, bankers and bond 
dealers; withdrew from the firm in 1878, his health calling for 
rest. He was a man of fine business capacity and unquestioned 
integrity, disliked publicity, was charitable, generous, but not 
inclined to acknowledge his good deeds. He took a deep interest 
in local history and genealogy, in which he was careful and accu- 
rate. He was good authority on the old families and buildings 
of Portland. Member of the Maine Historical Society and of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society (since 1884). A 
sister and one brother survived him. 



WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL 

William Eustis Russell was born in Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, January 6, 1857, and died in St. Adelaide de Pabos, 
Province of Quebec, Canada, July 14, 1896. He was the ninth 
child and the fourth and youngest son of Charles Theodore Russell 
and Sarah Elizabeth (Ballister) Russell. He was educated in 
Cambridge, and prepared for Harvard at the Cambridge high 
school. He entered the university in 1873, and took the degree of 
A.B. in 1877. He was a member of the Institute of 1770, the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon, and the Hasty Pudding Club, and he was 
elected class secretary, a life office. In the autumn of 1877 he 
entered the Boston University Law School, from which he gradu- 



WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL 335 

ated in 1879. He gained the first summa cum laude degree con- 
ferred by this school, and at the same time he won the Lawrence 
prize for the best legal essay, and delivered the valedictory. 

In 1880 he was admitted to the Suffolk Bar and at once 
became a member of the firm of Russell and Russell, then com- 
posed of his father (Charles Theodore), his uncle (Thomas H.), 
and his brother (Charles Theodore, Jr.). 

He was mayor of his native city for the four years 1884-87. 
The term of the Cambridge mayoralty is one year, so that he 
was four times chosen, and in two of these elections there was no 
candidate nominated against him. 

During these years he maintained the public order through a 
troublesome strike of the employees of a street railway, and he 
managed the affairs of the city with great prudence and ability. 

His administration was made memorable by the gift to the 
city, by Mr. F. H. Rindge, of a Cambridge Public Library build- 
ing and site, a worthy site for a high school building to be 
erected by the city, City Hall building on a site provided by the 
city, and the Industrial School building. 

The Harvard Bridge was also built by the cities of Boston and 
Cambridge, by a commission upon which he served with the 
mayor of Boston for the time being. 

Mr. Russell was a Democrat in national politics. He first 
became known as a strong speaker in the State campaign of 1886, 
when John F. Andrew was defeated by Oliver Ames, when he 
began the remarkable series of speeches upon the tariff and local 
self-government, which soon made him the leader of his party in 
this State. 

In 1890 he was elected governor of Massachusetts, although 
the rest of the successful candidates upon the State ticket were 
Republicans. However, a majority of the members of Congress 
elected from Massachusetts were Democrats. 

The Republican Legislature carried out many of the sugges- 
tions made by him while he was governor. It voted to abolish 
the poll tax as a prerequisite to voting, and the property quali- 
fication for governor. It also passed, at his recommendation, a 



336 WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL 

measure to regulate the lobby, and another forbidding the issue 
of passes to members of the Legislature by the railroad corpora- 
tions. It was from his veto of the bill which authorized the Con- 
necticut River Railroad to increase its capital stock, that the 
wise legislation preventing stock-watering in quasi-public corpo- 
rations found a place in the statutes. 

It did not, however, follow Governor Russell's repeated request 
to make the different commissioners of the State responsible 
directly to the governor. He was in 1891 and 1892 reelected 
governor, and in each case this was a personal triumph, a tribute 
to his sincerity and to his fairness as a chief magistrate, and to 
the faithful manner in which he had performed his duties. 

At the end of his third term as governor he returned to the 
practice of his profession. Since 1885 he had been, save for two 
years, in high public office, and had given up active practice, so 
that it was necessary that he should now devote himself to pro- 
viding for his family. 

To this task he gave all his energies, with an instant suc- 
cess, and in the short time which was given him he was as 
successful at the Bar as he had been in public life. He was single 
in his devotion to the interests of his clients. He prepared his 
cases with great thoroughness, never leaving a loose end or 
grudging any labor which would strengthen his case. As an 
advocate he was shrewd and eloquent. His arguments were like 
his public speeches, — marked for clearness of arrangement, — 
and he marshaled his facts with consummate skill. Through all 
this work he kept up his keen interest in outdoor life. He loved 
all sports and healthful exercise; he enjoyed nature in her every 
mood ; and he found his best recreation in the forest and on the j 
ocean. To his friends and his family his charming nature was i 
inexpressibly dear; and friends he had gained by the thousand • 
wherever he went, for he was absolutely sincere in his affec- 
tionate regard for his fellow-man. 

In the spring of 1896, the Democracy of the Northeast, in 
many State conventions, named Governor Russell as their choice 
for a presidential candidate; but it soon became clear that no 



WILLIAM EUSTIS RUSSELL 337 

sound-money man could be the nominee of the party. In this 
exigency Russell stood firmly by his convictions. He went to 
Monticello, and at the tomb of Jefferson, before a hostile audi- 
ence, urged that the people should not be cheated by a clipped 
dollar, and later at the Chicago convention, in his last public 
utterance, just a week before his death, he called upon the 
Democracy to follow the path of honor. 

He returned, worn out by strenuous exertions and by keen 
disappointment at the result of the convention, and went with 
his brother Henry and Francis Peabody, Jr., for salmon-fishing, 
to a camp on the Little Pabos River, five miles above St. Ade- 
laide de Pabos, Province of Quebec. He was much refreshed by 
the voyage, and after his arrival at the camp went to bed early. 
In the morning it was found that he had died while sleeping. 

William E. Russell was married, June 3, 1885, to Margaret 
Manning Swan, of Cambridge, daughter of Rev. Joshua A. and 
Sarah (Hodges) Swan. Their children were William Eustis 
Russell, Jr., Richard Manning Russell, and Margaret Russell. 
In 1891 Williams College conferred the degree of LL.D. upon 
him. He took only two extended journeys in his life: in 1882 to 
California, and in the summer of 1890 to Europe, visiting Eng- 
land, Germany, and France. 

Mr. Russell was descended from William Russell, who came to 
Cambridge from England in 1645. He became a Life Member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society in 1891. 



338 JOSEPH MEREDITH TONER 



JOSEPH MEREDITH TONER 

Joseph Meredith Toner, of Washington, District of Colum- 
bia, a Corresponding Member, elected in 1893, was born in Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania, April 30, 1825, and died at the Mountain 
House, Cresson Springs, Pennsylvania, July 30, 1896. He was 
the son of Meredith Toner and Ann Layton, both natives of 
Pennsylvania, and of Welsh and Irish descent. 

After his early education at the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania and Mount St. Mary's College, at Emmetsburg, Mary- 
land, he began the study of medicine in 1847, in the office of 
John Lowman, M.D., at Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Subse- 
quently, in 1849, he attended lectures at the Jefferson Medical 
College in Philadelphia, and in 1850 at the Vermont Medical 
College at Woodstock, from which, in June of that year, he re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

He began his medical practice at a little village known by the 
name of Summit, on the line of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 
where that road crosses the highest range of the Alleghany 
Mountains, and, singularly enough, within three quarters of a 
mile of the place to which he came, fifty-six years afterwards, to 
die. The Pennsylvania Railroad was then in course of con- 
struction, and Dr. Toner's practice became at once very large 
and extensive. In 1853 he removed to Pittsburg, where he had 
remarkable success during the cholera epidemic of 1854. In 
November, 1855, he established himself in Washington, and in 
the course of a long and busy professional life of forty years 
there, became noted as one of the foremost medical practitioners 
in the United States, and probably no practitioner in America 
was better known to the medical profession than Dr. Toner. 

He became prominently connected with the American Medical 
Association, of which he was elected the president in 1873. On 



JOSEPH MEREDITH TONER 339 

the occasion of his election he delivered a remarkably able and 
well-considered address, which procured for him commendatory 
notices, not only from the medical journals of the country, but 
likewise from the press generally. 

In 1872 Dr. Toner donated a fund for the establishment of 
lectures in Washington for the advancement of science. These 
were known as the " Toner Lectures," and enlisted the services of 
many men eminent in the medical and scientific world. 

Latterly he devoted himself largely to literature, gradually 
withdrawing himself from medical practice, which, however, he 
never wholly abandoned. Besides a large and valuable medical 
library, he collected the largest private library in America of 
local American history; and the whole comprising about 28,000 
volumes, exclusive of about 18,000 pamphlets, he presented in 
1882 to the people of the United States to be retained in the 
Library of Congress at Washington, under the name of the 
" Toner Collection." For this generous donation he received 
the thanks of Congress. 

His publications, mostly upon medical or hygienic subjects, 
were numerous, although none of them were voluminous. He 
devoted himself very ardently to an elucidation of the life of 
George Washington, some of whose journals and diaries he pub- 
lished with valuable notes and comments. 

He was a member of numerous societies, medical, scientific, 
and historical, to all of which he contributed largely; for nothing 
ever came to him that appeared to him to be conducive to the 
enlightenment or welfare of humanity which did not enlist his 
hearty cooperation. For the same reason he became deeply 
interested in many of the charitable institutions of Washington, 
some of which he aided in founding. His home on Highland 
Place in Washington was always the scene of a generous hos- 
pitality. 



340 ARTHUR AMORY CODMAN 



ARTHUR AMORY CODMAN 

Arthur Amory Codman was born in Roxbury, July 14, 1833, 
and was the son of Henry Codman and Catherine Willard (Amory) 
Codman, and grandson of Stephen Codman. Henry Codman 
was a well-known lawyer of Boston, who had a country place at 
Roxbury, and who for his time was a man of wealth as well as of 
position. He took a lively interest in military affairs, and was 
at one time commander of the Boston Light Infantry. Instead 
of taking a collegiate course, Arthur Codman entered the house 
of William Ropes and Company, who were then in the Russian 
trade. Here he received his earliest commercial training. Later, 
for a time he was in the East India House of William C. Codman, 
on Kilby Street. His health was never good, and having suffi- 
cient means he retired from business more than twenty-five 
years before his death. 

He married, in Philadelphia, June 5, 1861, Mary Elizabeth 
Belknap, of New York City, and went abroad, and for many 
years resided in Switzerland and Germany, making occasional 
visits to this country, and at one time he resided for a consid- 
erable period on a farm he had purchased near Bristol, Rhode 
Island. He had two children, both of whom died early. His 
wife survived him. 

Mr. Codman died August 12, 1896, at the Chateau of Laufen- 
burg, on the Rhine, in the Duchy of Baden. So beloved by the 
common people had he become during his residence there, that at 
his funeral all work and business were suspended, and his re- 
mains were followed by a long procession of peasantry. 

He was essentially a modest man, and there were few, even in 
his native city, who knew him well. His health and a naturally 
retiring disposition kept him from social and public life. After 
the death of hfe brother, John Amory Codman, he adopted the 



JOHN HAIGH 341 

middle name, and after that always used it in his signature. 
Although living abroad for so many years, he never forgot the 
city of his birth, for which he always retained a strong affection. 
In a series of letters signed "Blaxton," and contributed at in- 
tervals for years to the " Boston Evening Transcript," he set 
forth his plans for an ideal Boston, and though some of his ideas 
were impracticable, many of them were sound in theory, and if 
carried out would add largely to the beauty of the city. He 
was a man of strong charitable impulses, and did much with the 
means he was so fortunate as to possess. 

Mr. Codman became a member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society in 1879, while he was a resident in Bristol, 
Rhode Island, and though he never took active part in its pro- 
ceedings, he was always deeply interested in its objects. 



JOHN HAIGH 

John Haigh, of Somerville, Massachusetts, a Life Member, 
elected in 1887, died in Somerville, August 20, 1896. 

He was the son of George and Hannah (Parkinson) Haigh, 
and was born in Dukenfield, Cheshire, England, December 31, 
1832. For over thirty years he resided in America, his adopted 
country. Although engaged in business before leaving England, 
it was here, by close application, continuous industry, and busi- 
ness tact, that he accumulated his property. He had no special 
opportunities for an education in his younger years. But from 
his youth throughout his life he had been a careful observer, and 
a student of books. His remarkable career in his Masonic affilia- 
tions attested the vigor of his mind as well as his personal popu- 
larity. But outside the study of Masonry, for which he had one 
of the best-selected and extensive libraries, he was devoted to 
the study of history. He was particularly interested in Africa, 
reading all works of any value and availing himself also of the 



342 GARDNER ASAPH CHURCHILL 

researches of the Egypt Exploration Society, of which he was a 
member. His connection with various historical societies in 
Boston brought him into contact with men of tastes kindred to 
his own, and gave him access to many books he might not other- 
wise have been able to consult. His knowledge of numismatics 
was remarkable, and it was delightful to witness his own delight 
in the examination of some curious coin. He was well versed in 
general literature, and had an intelligent interest in the current 
affairs of the day, but had no taste for the contentions of politics. 
He was married in Perkins, Maine, April 12, 1859, to Lucy Jane 
Tallmon, who survived him. Apart from his business duties 
and his obligations to Masonic and other societies, he found his 
chief felicity in his home. He was a man of attractive presence. 
His genial, kindly, sympathetic, and intelligent face was in- 
dicative of the man. Without profusion he was liberal, and he 
added to the value of his gifts by inbred courtesy. Let his 
memory be cherished, and from his life may we see the value 
of Ruskin's admonition, when he says : — 
"Let us do the work of men while we wear the form of them." 



GARDNER ASAPH CHURCHILL 

Gardner Asaph Churchill, a Resident Member from 1884, 
was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, May 26, 1839, and was 
the eldest son of Asaph and Mary (Brewer) Churchill, and a 
lineal descendant of the emigrant John Churchill (of Plymouth 
as early as 1643) and his wife, Hannah Pontus. Mr. Churchill 
received his early education in the schools of Dorchester. 

In his youth he went upon several voyages as a sailor, part of 
the time upon a ship engaged in the East India trade. From 
his experience and his study of navigation, he was fitted to fill a 
position of trust ; and when, during the Civil War, he enlisted in 
the United States Navy, he was appointed acting ensign by the 






GARDNER ASAPH CHURCHILL 343 

Secretary of the Navy, Hon. Gideon Welles, December 15, 1862. 
After a period of training in gunnery on board the " Macedonian," 
he was assigned duty on board the United States ship " Release, " 
and served as sailing-master on that vessel, and afterwards in 
the same capacity on the United States steamers "Memphis" 
and "Shawmut" (with an interval of a few months of ill health), 
until the surrender of Lee, when he resigned his office, April 4, 
1865. 

Mr. Churchill was an efficient and gallant officer, and on one 
occasion, by his coolness and prompt action, saved the "Mem- 
phis" from destruction by a rebel torpedo-ram, in the North 
Edisto River, March 6, 1864. In the rush and hurry of the 
closing months of the war, Mr. Churchill did not receive the pro- 
motion due his gallant service, but later on he received from both 
Captain Patterson and the Secretary of the Navy personal testi- 
monials of his "energy, promptness, and bravery, which saved 
the ' Memphis' from destruction," as well as a commendation as 
a "competent and efficient officer." 

After the war Mr. Churchill engaged in the business of printing 
with the firm of Rockwell and Rollins, and on the death of Mr. 
Rollins in 1869 he became junior partner of the firm of Rockwell 
and Churchill, in which progressive and prosperous house he 
remained till his death. Mr. Churchill was a man of excellent 
taste in all matters connected with his business, and of quick 
perception and profound judgment in all affairs in which he 
took an interest. He served with credit for two terms in the 
lower branch of the State Legislature (1875-76) . He was deeply 
interested in genealogical studies. In the Churchill and con- 
nected ancestry, his researches were diligent and his corre- 
spondence extensive, and he left a manuscript genealogy of the 
Churchill family in almost complete form for publication. 

He was a member of several of the hereditary societies, The 
Massachusetts Society of Colonial Wars, Sons of the American 
Revolution, and Sons of the Revolution; a Free Mason of 
Union Lodge, Dorchester, and a Knight Templar of Boston 
Commandery, he held his place in both with dignity and honor. 



344 GARDNER ASAPH CHURCHILL 

As a member of Post 68, G.A.R., of Dorchester, he became post 
commander in 1872, and junior vice-commander of the Depart- 
ment of Massachusetts in 1873. Besides these organizations he 
held a prominent place in many other societies, — The Loyal 
Legion, Royal Arcanum, The Master Printers' Club, The 
Franklin Typographical Society, The Massachusetts Mechanics 
Charitable Association. He rendered efficient service to the 
State, in the years 1877-79, as one of the trustees of the Dan- 
vers Insane Asylum. While in his later years his time and 
energy, outside of business hours, were devoted to genealogical 
studies, he never lost interest in outdoor sports and athletics, 
in which, formerly, he was an enthusiastic participant. 

Conscious for many months that his health was failing, and 
warned by his physician that he must rest, he went with his 
family in July, 1896, to East Gloucester, where he spent^ three 
weeks very pleasantly, and was making preparations to return 
home when he was suddenly stricken with apoplexy, and 
quietly passed away on the 21st of August, 1896. 

Mr. Churchill married, April 16, 1862, Ellen Brastow Bassett 
of Wrentham, and she with their three children, Mary Brewer, 
Asaph, and Ellen Barrett, survived him. 



BENJAMIN SHEEVE 345 



BENJAMIN SHREVE 

Benjamin Shreve was born in Salem, Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 17, 1813. His father, Isaac Shreve, came from Alexandria, 
Virginia, and his mother, Hannah (Very) Shreve, of Salem, was a 
relative of the literary genius, James Very. The Shreve family 
settled in New Jersey in colonial times, and for more than a cen- 
tury a farm in Mount Holly, New Jersey, has been owned by a 
Benjamin Shreve. Colonel Israel Shreve, who commanded the 
" Jersey Forces" in the Revolution, and Henry Shreve, inventor 
of the "snag boat," and from whom Shreveport, Louisiana, was 
named, belonged to the same family. 

Benjamin Shreve was educated in the schools of his native 
town, til), at the age of fifteen, he went to reside at Saco, Maine, 
with his sister, Mrs. John Calef, and attended the academy in 
that place. Here also he learned the trade of watch-maker and 
jeweler, and was in business there and at Salem till about 1849, 
when he became a member of the wholesale jewelry firm of 
Kingsley and Shreve, in Maiden Lane, New York City. In 1853 
he joined the firm of Jones, Ball, and Company, in Boston, and 
remained a member through the many changes of that firm, till 
the present corporation, " Shreve, Crump, and Low Company," 
was formed in 1888, of which he was president at the time of his 
death. His business took him much abroad, so that he was 
acquainted with all the principal cities of the old world. 

His efficiency and integrity were recognized in all business 
circles, and he was for many years a director, and several years 
president of the Merchants Bank in Salem. He was an ardent 
Republican, but never sought nor held political office. He was a 
man of literary tastes, and a Life Member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society since 1871. 

Earnest activity characterized his whole life. One of the 



346 BENJAMIN SHREVE 

founders of Grace Church in Salem, he was its senior warden from 
its beginning, and " soberly, piously, and honestly filled the posi- 
tion" till his death, thirty-five years later. In times of difficulty, 
"the last appeal was to Mr. Shreve," and he never failed "to 
come to the rescue." He was a very busy man, "never omitting 
a day," but the hour that called him to the station on Monday 
morning was no more imperative to him than both forenoon and 
afternoon hours of church service on Sunday. 

Mr. Shreve was a man of amiable and kindly disposition, 
whose pleasant salutation is missed by many of only casual 
acquaintance. He was a kind and devoted husband and father, 
refined in thought and expression, a man of sterling integrity, 
and respected by all who knew him. After a long and useful life, 
he died at his home in Salem, August 23, 1896. 

Benjamin Shreve married first, Elizabeth Perkins Shannon, of 
Saco, Maine, who died at Salem, Massachusetts, December, 1874, 
leaving one son, Dr. Octavius B. Shreve, a practicing physician 
in Salem. Mr. Shreve married second, in February, 1877, Mary 
Levis Gardner, of Bristol, Rhode Island, who survived him with 
one son, Henry M. Shreve. 



LUCIUS ROBINSON PAIGE 347 



LUCIUS ROBINSON PAIGE 

Lucius Robinson Paige died at his residence in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, September 2, 1896, in the ninety-fifth year of his 
age. He was born in Hard wick, Massachusetts, March 8, 1802, 
and was the youngest of the nine children of Timothy and Mary 
( Robinson) Paige, of that town. His ancestry, in both the male 
and the female lines, was of the best Revolutionary and Puritan 
stock. He received his education in the schools of his native 
town and at Hopkins Academy in Hadley, Massachusetts. 
He entered the ministry of the Universalist denomination in 
1823. His first pastorate was in Springfield, Massachusetts. His 
second pastorate was in what is now Rockport , Massachusetts. In 
1832 he was called to the church in Cambridge, where he remained 
until 1839, when, owing to failing health, he was compelled to 
resign all pastoral charge. In all his pastorates he was distin- 
guished for ability, zeal, and faithfulness. 

He held the office of town clerk of Cambridge from March, 
1839, to January, 1840, and again from March, 1843, to May, 
1846. From May, 1846, to October, 1855, he was the city clerk, 
and from 1844 to 1847, an assessor of taxes. He was treasurer 
of the Cambridgeport Savings Bank from 1855 to 1871, and at 
the time of his death its vice-president and one of its directors. 
Of the Cambridgeport Bank (now a National Bank) he was the 
cashier for about seven years, its president three years, and one 
of its directors from 1857 to his decease. 

He was from his early years a frequent contributor to the 
religious press, and was the author of two works which had a 
wide circulation in his own denomination, namely, his " Selec- 
tions from Eminent Commentators," and his " Commentary on 
the New Testament." He was the author, also, of a " History of 
Cambridge" and a " History of Hard wick," each containing a 



348 LUCIUS ROBINSON PAIGE 

" Genealogical Register" of the early settlers and their descend- 
ants. Both of these volumes are regarded as authorities. 

He was early and prominently identified with the Masonic 
fraternity, and held some of the highest offices in that body. Of 
Tufts College he was one of the founders and a trustee, and was 
generous in labors for and gifts to that institution. The dormi- 
tory of its Divinity School is named in his honor — " Paige Hall." 
From this college he received, in 1861, the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity. From Harvard College he received, in 1851, the hon- 
orary degree of Master of Arts. 

Dr. Paige bequeathed to his native town his library and maps, 
and the sum of $10,000 for the founding of a public library, on 
certain conditions, failing which his library is bequeathed to the 
Ladies' Free Library Association of Hardwick, and the $10,000 is 
to become the property of the trustees of Tufts College. He also 
bequeathed 12,000 to the college to found a permanent scholarship. 

He was one of the representatives of Cambridge in the General 
Court in 1878 and 1879. 

He was four times married, and was the father of five children, 
whom he survived. His first wife was Clarinda, daughter of 
Ezekiel Richardson, of Brookfield, Massachusetts. She died in 
1833. His second wife, Abby R., daughter of Joseph Whitte- 
more, of Charlestown, Massachusetts, died in 1843. Lucy, his 
third wife, a daughter of Barnabas Comins, of Charlton, Massa- 
chusetts, and the widow of Solomon Richardson, of Brookfield, 
died in 1864. His fourth wife, who survived him at the age of 
ninety years, was the widow of the Hon. David T. Brigham, of 
Keokuk, Indiana, a daughter of Robert M. Peck, and a grand- 
daughter of the Hon. Joseph Allen, of Worcester, Massachusetts. 
She was also a grandniece of Samuel Adams, the Revolutionary 
leader. 

Dr. Paige was a member of several historical societies. He 
was the first elected member of the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society (January 21, 1845), and at the time of his decease 
was its oldest living member. His interest in its work and his 
services in its behalf were continuous and devoted. 



CHRISTOPHER AMORY HACK 349 

In every position, and in every relation of life, he was wise, 
efficient, and useful, and he secured and retained the respect and 
affection of all among his associates and acquaintances who 
proved worthy of his confidence. 

A fuller memoir of Dr. Paige by Rev. A. E. White, A.M., was published in 
the Register, vol. lii, pp. 297-307. See also same, p. 375. 



CHRISTOPHER AMORY HACK 

Christopher Amory Hack died in Taunton, Massachusetts, 
September 3, 1896, in his ninetieth year, having been born in 
that town December 19, 1806. His early education was in the 
public schools of Taunton and in Bristol Academy. As a young 
man he entered the printing office of the Danforths, publishers 
of the first Taunton paper, the "Old Colony Reporter," in 1821. 
With another apprentice, Edmund Anthony, Mr. Hack, in 1820, 
assumed control of the paper, and thus his name is associated 
with the publication of Taunton's first newspaper. Printing 
was his life work. The printing house of C. A. Hack and Son, 
dealing largely in commercial and artistic work, was well known. 

Mr. Hack married Sarah, daughter of John Seaver, February 
8, 1832. They had four children, of whom only Henry Seaver 
survived the father. The son was associated with him in business. 

Mr. Hack was interested in family genealogy, and intended 
issuing a history of the Hack family. In 1872 he went to Eng- 
land, chiefly for the purpose of gathering material, which, how- 
ever, he never used. 

He traced the Hacks to Hampshire County, England, in the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and in coming to this 
country in 1660, when William Hack, supposed to be the ances- 
tor of all the Hacks in New England, became a resident of 
Taunton. This William had a son William, who married and had 
two sons and three daughters, the eldest son bearing the name of 



350 JOHN GARDNER WHITE 

William. This third William had six children, the second of 
whom, a son, was named Nathan. This Nathan, an officer in the 
Revolution, was twice married, and had seven children, the 
fourth of whom was also named Nathan, and was the father of 
the subject of this sketch. Thus his descent from the first 
William was William 2 , William 3 , Nathan 4 , Nathan 5 . 

Mr. Hack was one of the earlier members, and at the time of 
his death the oldest member, of the Old Colony Historical Soci- 
ety. He was elected to the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society in 1876, and became a Life Member in 1877. 



JOHN GARDNER WHITE 

John Gardner White, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, a Life 
Member, elected in 1856, died at his residence, Phillips Place, 
Cambridge, September 7, 1896. He was born in Boston, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1833, and was the son of Ferdinand Elliot White, a 
prominent Boston merchant, and of Dorothy Hancock Gardner, 
his second wife. His ancestor was Edward White, who with his 
wife, Martha King, came from Cranbrook, County of Kent, to 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1635. 

He entered the Boston Public Latin School in 1846. While at 
that school he was a contributor to the " Juvenile Gazette," pub- 
lished in 1848, and edited by his classmate, William Roscoe 
Deane, and two others of his fellow-scholars. Influenced by his 
brother, the Rev. Ferdinand Elliot White (Harvard College, 
1835), an Episcopal clergyman, he entered Trinity College at 
Hartford, Connecticut, where he was graduated in 1854, and 
from which he received the degree of Master of Arts in 1857. 

After leaving college he went to Florida, and was engaged in 
the survey of the Florida and Alabama Railroad. He gave up 
the profession of civil engineering and returned to Boston. A 
year or two later he entered the English banking-house of Brown 



JOHN GARDNER WHITE 351 

Brothers and Company, of Boston. From 1850 to 1863 he was 
a commission merchant in Boston. In the latter year he entered 
into partnership with William G. Howe, under the firm of White 
and Howe, and carried on the business of coal mining for many 
years. For several years, and at the time of his death, he was 
the Boston agent of the house of Beach and Company, of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, importers of dye-stuffs. 

In 1862 he married Mary Beach, daughter of George Beach, 
president of Phcenix Bank, of Hartford. In 1863 he removed to 
Cambridge, and bought a house in Phillips Place, which re- 
mained his home till his death. He was a member of the Epis- 
copal Church, and one of the best-known Massachusetts laymen. 
He was active in the mission work in the early years of his life 
at Boston, and maintained close relations to the end of his life 
with some of the missions he was influential in founding. He 
was warden at Christ Church, Cambridge, for several years, and 
a delegate to the Church Convention. He was also one of 
the Board of Visitors of the Episcopal Theological School, at 
Cambridge. 

He was an active and influential member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, and served with fidelity on many 
important committees. In January, 1878, the president of the 
Society, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, LL.D., recommended that a 
volume of biographies of deceased members be prepared and 
published at the charge of the Towne Memorial Fund. A com- 
mittee was chosen the March following, of which Mr. White was 
elected secretary. The committee entered at once on the dis- 
charge of the duty assigned them, and in 1880 the first volume 
of " Memorial Biographies " was published. Other volumes have 
since been issued. As the first secretary Mr. White had charge 
of inaugurating the work and securing the cooperation of authors 
specially qualified for writing the various memoirs. He was 
eminently fitted for the position, and to him the success of the 
undertaking was in a great measure due. He edited the first 
two volumes and a part of the third, when he was compelled by 
other engagements to resign the secretaryship of the Committee 



352 WILLIAM HENRY WARDWELL 

on Memorials and also the editing of the volumes of "Memorial 
Biographies." 

His wife and three sons survived him. The sons were Rev. 
Greenough White, A.M., B.D., professor of Ecclesiastical History 
at the University of the South, and Francis Beach White, A.M., 
and Frederick Clement White, both of Cambridge. 



WILLIAM HENRY WARDWELL 

William Henry Wardwell was born in Lyndeborough, New 
Hampshire, October 24, 1818. He was the son of Dr. Daniel 
and Sarah (Osgood) Wardwell. His mother was from Andover, 
Massachusetts. His ancestry is given briefly as follows : Thomas 
Werdall came from Ipswich, England, and took oath as free- 
man in Boston, 1635. Samuel Wardle, his son, was born in 
Boston, married Sarah Hawkes, and removed to Andover. Solo- 
mon, his son (or grandson), had nine children. The eighth was 
Dr. Daniel, born in Hollis, New Hampshire, 1784. 

William II . Wardwell received his education in the public 
schools and at Phillips Academy in Andover. After engaging 
for ten years in the book trade and printing at Andover, he re- 
moved to Boston, and was successively associated with John P. 
Jewett and Company and Grant, Warren, and Company. Out 
of the latter partnership grew the firm of S. D. W^arren and 
Company, with which his connection continued nearly forty 
years. In these relations he was highly esteemed for strict in- 
tegrity and careful attention to such business as came to his 
charge. In 1880 he was elected a director of the Congregational 
Sunday-School and Publishing Society, and for a decade had the 
position of chairman of its Finance Committee. Safe and 
cautious counsel, efficient attention to financial affairs, and the 
bearing of a gentleman characterized his whole course. 

A friend said of him : " Mr. Wardwell was a generous man. It 



GEORGE BOWN MILLETT 353 

cost him no effort to give. Contributions in full proportion to 
his ability, for objects of benevolence, were prompt and most 
cheerful. Modest and gentle, fond of quiet and simplicity, he 
seemed always to act under the control of religious principle." 

Mr. Ward well was married three times: (1) Sophia Matilda 
Eames, who died October 30, 1848; (2) Abigail Frye Eames; 
(3) Minna Augusta Scheirge, daughter of Edward E. Scheirge, of 
New London, Connecticut. He became a Resident Member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society in 1879. He 
died in Brookline, Massachusetts, September 10, 1896, leaving a 
widow and one son, Timothy Osgood Wardwell, of North An- 
dover, Massachusetts. 



GEORGE BOWN MILLETT 

George Bown Millett, a Corresponding Member of this 
Society from 1887, was born at Penzance, Cornwall, England, 
June 27, 1842. Excepting his grandmother, his ancestry was 
wholly Cornish, as follows: Christopher 1 and Honor Angwine; 
I Martin 2 and Ann Borlace; Martin 3 and Mary Urtiche; John 4 and 
Dorcas Trevorion; Richard 5 and Sarah Towers; Richard 6 (so- 
licitor) and Anne Nichols, only daughter of Peter Bown Harris, 
captain Royal Cornwall Militia; George Bown 7 Millett. 

Dr. Millett was educated chiefly under private tutors, Dr. 
Willan of Penzance, and the Rev. Thomas Gibbons, at Peter 
Tavy, Devon. After serving apprenticeship to Mr. Francis 
Boase, surgeon at Penzance, he passed the preliminary exami- 
nation of the Royal College of Physicians, of London, and was 
'entered as a student at St. Mary's Hospital. Having passed the 
final examination, he was admitted a member of the Royal 
{Society of Surgeons of England in 1865, and the year following 
became a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries, London, and 
of the Royal College of Physicians, of Edinburgh. He then 



354 GEORGE BOWN MILLETT 

returned to Penzance, where he settled in the practice of his 
profession. 

Dr. Millett held a large number of offices, many of them honor- 
ary. He was curator, librarian, and for more than twenty years 
secretary of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall ; for seven- 
teen years honorary curator and secretary of Penzance Natural 
History and Antiquarian Society; afterwards president and then 
permanent vice-president of the same; president of Penzance 
Institute; also connected officially with the Church of England 
Temperance Society, the Y. M. C. A., and other philanthropic 
organizations. He was honorary consulting surgeon to West 
Cornwall Infirmary and Dispensary, and from 1877 medical 
officer of health to Penzance and other neighboring places. 

With fine historical and literary tastes and acquirements, Dr. 
Millett was also a musician and a poet of no small ability, and 
became well known as an author, and his name is included in the 
volume of " West Country Poets," published by Mr. Wright. He 
published the parish registers of Madron and Gulval, also two 
volumes entitled " Penzance Past and Present." His longest 
poem is "Vox Lapidis, a Plaint heard in St. Mary's Churchyard, 
Penzance," which was printed for private circulation. Among 
the songs, of which words and music are both his own, and which 
have been "exceedingly popular in the west of England," are 
"Up, Boys!" "Fifty Years Ago," "Roses," "Mistress Baines," 
"The Walking Gentleman," and especially "The Mayor of 
Market Jew." He also wrote several plays never published, but 
successfully used for private theatricals. 

Dr. Millett was "a great collector of books, pictures, china, 
etc., his home at Penzance being a veritable museum." He 
never married, being of "delicate health" and subject to "many 
illnesses," and in 1878-79 spent more than a year in continental 
travel for the sake of his health. He died at his home, Septem- 
ber 17 1896. 



CHARLES PERKINS TRUMBULL 355 



CHARLES PERKINS TRUMBULL 

Charles Perkins Trumbull, elected a member of this Society 
in 1892, was born at the Trumbull mansion on Trumbull Square, 
Worcester, Massachusetts, September 12, 1830. He was fourth 
son and eighth child of George Augustus and Louisa (Clap) Trum- 
bull, and was seventh in lineal descent from John and Elinor 
(Chandler) Trumbull, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, who 
came to America in 1639, settled at Roxbury, afterward at 
Rowley, and whose posterity in every generation since then have 
occupied a prominent position in the political, social, literary, or 
artistic life of the colony and the republic. 

He was educated in the common schools of Worcester and at 
a boarding-school at Bridgeport, Connecticut. In company 
with his elder brother Joseph he went to California in the gold 
fever of 1849, meeting with the usual disappointment, and 
returned home after visiting the Hawaiian Islands. He was 
engaged in the book and publishing business at Worcester in 
1856, and later in the same business at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 
where he failed in the disastrous year of 1857. After this he was 
for a brief period a clerk with his brother-in-law, Henry Lea, then 
a merchant in Alton, Illinois, but shortly returned to Worcester, 
where he became bookkeeper in the Mechanics Bank. He was 
among the first to respond to the call to arms in 1861, and accom- 
panied the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment in its famous march 
through Baltimore, April 19, 1861. On June 10, 1862, he enlisted 
in the Thirty-Fourth Regiment M.V.M., and in August of the 
same year was promoted to quartermaster sergeant, in which 
capacity he served throughout the war. He was in 1866 ap- 
pointed storekeeper and clerk in the Boston Custom House, but 
resigned in 1887, when his failing health obliged him to retire 
from active business. From 1875 he resided at Beverly, Mas- 
sachusetts. He twice visited Europe, the first time in company 



356 CHARLES PERKINS TRUMBULL 

with his brother Joseph in 1872, on a pleasure trip; and again 
in 1893 he took a voyage to the Mediterranean, in the vain 
pursuit of health. 

He married, October 12, 1875, Mary, daughter of Rev. Francis 
and Adeline A. (Choate) Norwood, of Beverly, who died January 
19, 1886. June 1, 1887, he married Sarah Hartwell, daughter of 
Amos and Lydia (Buck) Hey wood, formerly of West ford, Mas- 
sachusetts, who survived him. He had no issue by either 
marriage. 

He left three surviving sisters — Elizabeth, widow of General 
William S. Lincoln, of Worcester; Miss Susan Trumbull, of the 
same place; and Isabella Frink, wife of George Franklin Harts- 
horn, of Taunton, Massachusetts. He was the only survivor of 
five brothers, who all died without male issue, so that with him 
the name becomes extinct in the Massachusetts line. The Con- 
necticut branch of the family is still represented by Jonathan 
Trumbull, of Norwich, Connecticut, great-grandson of Governor 
Jonathan Trumbull and fourth cousin of Charles Perkins 
Trumbull. 

He was a* member of the following societies: The Worcester 
Light Infantry Veterans, the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 
Association, the Thirty-Fourth Massachusetts Regiment Associa- 
tion, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, of Boston, 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society, the Essex Insti- 
tute, of Salem, the Sons of the Revolution, and the Order of the 
Cincinnati. 

His right in the two last-named was derived from the maternal 
grandfather, Captain Caleb Clap, who fought at 'Lexington and 
Bunker Hill, and served throughout the war, part of the time as 
General Washington's aide-de-camp, and was one of the charter 
members of the Cincinnati. His death, in 1812, without surviv- 
ing male issue, left his right in abeyance until claimed by his 
eldest grandson, George Clap Trumbull, who, dying in 1885, 
was succeeded by his brother, the subject of this sketch. It may 
be noted as an interesting coincidence that Mr. Trumbull, like 
his grandfather, drew his sword at the first call to arms, and, like 
him, only sheathed it when the war was ended. 



AARON DAVIS WELD FRENCH 357 

Of a quiet and retiring disposition Mr. Trumbull mingled little 
in society, but found his chief pleasure in his home and friends. 
A great pedestrian in his younger days, he passed many of his 
leisure hours alone or with some congenial associate, wandering 
over the hills or through the woods, on which excursions his keen 
and intelligent appreciation of the beauties of nature made him 
a most delightful companion. Passionately fond of flowers, he 
rarely returned from these rambles without some botanical 
prize of a rare or curious plant, whose haunts he sought out by 
an intuitive instinct that never failed him. 

He died at his residence, 60 Lothrop Street, Beverly, October 
8, 1896, after a long and suffering illness, which he endured with 
great fortitude. His remains were interred at West ford, Massa- 
chusetts, in the Hey wood family lot. 



AARON DAVIS WELD FRENCH 

Aaron Davis Weld French, son of Jonathan and Hannah 
Weld (Williams) French, was born in Boston, December 15, 
1835, in the house of his grandfather, John Davis Williams, which 
stood on the site of the present Catholic Cathedral at the corner 
of Washington and Maiden streets. He inherited the broad, lib- 
eral business views of his grandfather, while his education at 
Newport, Rhode Island, by the Rev. John Overton Choules, the 
author of several scholarly works, early sowed the seeds for his- 
toric research. In 1851 he visited Europe in the company of 
Mr. Choules, the trip being chronicled in the " Young Americans 
Abroad." In 1854 he entered the counting-house of Phineas 
Sprague and Company, in Boston, where he had his first expe- 
rience in the China business. 
He joined the independent company of Cadets on November 
| 13, 1856, and in 1859 made his first voyage to China, while in 
1860 he represented the business firm of Wetmore, Williams, and 



358 AARON DAVIS WELD FRENCH 

Company, at Yokohama, Japan. In 1862 he established the 
second Boston commission house at Nagasaki, Japan, and was 
for a time the representative member of the United States in the 
Foreign Council Municipal of that place. 

In 1867 he returned to Boston, bringing with him the first 
Japanese officers who completed their education here, and for a 
time he made Boston one of the centers for the education of the 
Japanese. In 1869 he, with two other travelers, was the first to 
announce in Japan the completion of the Union Pacific Railroad, 
they having made the trip from New York to Yokohama in 
thirty traveling days. Before returning home in August of that 
year the Foreign Office of Japan appointed him the financial 
agent of the Japanese government at Boston, as well as official 
bearer of despatches to the United States. In 1871 he engaged 
in business in New York City, but three years later returned to 
Boston. His historic literary researches are shown by his works 
on "The Surname and Coat of Arms of the Williamses;" " Index 
Armorial," published in 1892; " Frenches of Scotland," published 
in 1893; " County Records of the Surnames of Francus, Franceis, 
French in England," published in 1896. He was fellow of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, member of the Scottish His- 
tory Society, of the New England Historic Genealogical Society 
(elected in 1883), Sons of the Revolution, Veteran Corps of 
Cadets, and of the Union Exchange and Country Clubs. He 
married, February 8, 1877, Elizabeth French Davis, daughter of 
George H. Davis. She was born in Boston, November 18, 1848, 
and died there, September 21, 1891. 

He died in Boston on October 5, 1896. 

Personally and socially Mr. French was one of the most agree- 
able of men. His tastes were scholarly. Quiet and unobtrusive 
in his manners, he yet was possessed of a large fund of informa- 
tion upon special subjects, which he was always glad to share 
with other workers in the same direction. During his later years 
he took a strong interest in genealogical work. Besides the three 
volumes published, he had another in preparation at the time of 
his death. 



AUGUSTUS DODGE KOGERS 359 



AUGUSTUS DODGE ROGERS 

Augustus Dodge Rogers was born in Salem, Massachusetts, 
February 20, 1822, and died there, October 5, 1896. He was a 
son of Nathaniel Leverett and Harriet Wait Rogers , both parents 
being members of old and highly respectable families in that city. 
He was educated in private and public schools in his native place, 
and was prepared for Harvard College in the Latin Grammar 
School, then in charge of Oliver Carlton, Esq. He entered col- 
lege in 1839. After pursuing his studies about a year his health 
began to fail, and he decided to leave the college. Seeking a more 
active life, in July, 1841, he entered the counting room of his 
father, who was then doing a large commercial business, under 
the firm name of N. L. Rogers and Brothers. He very soon after 
sailed in the ship "Grotius" for Australia (then New Holland), 
New Zealand, and around the world. A voyage of about seven- 
teen months corrected his predilections for the sea, and he sailed 
no more. He next entered the law office of the late Hon. Na- 
thaniel J. Lord, and subsequently joined the Law School at 
Cambridge, where he enjoyed the advantage of attending the 
lectures of Judge Story and Professor Simon Greenleaf. Here 
he passed two terms, which he always regarded as the most 
profitable and delightful period of his life. He was afterwards 
admitted to the Essex Bar, and practiced in Salem for several 
years. He had little taste for public life, but served for a while 
in the City Council in Salem, and also on the School Committee. 
But his health was not good, and in a few years he was obliged 
to abandon his professional pursuits. He retired to private life, 
and soon became a confirmed invalid. In his later years he was 
practically a recluse, and seldom left home. Mr. Rogers had, 
however, an active and studious mind, and he gave great atten- 
tion to historical and genealogical matters, to relieve the tedium 



360 LEANDER THOMPSON 

of his confinement. He became a recognized authority upon 
these subjects, and as the results of his assiduous studies, made 
copious notes and writings, some of which have been published 
in magazines and newspapers. He was elected a Corresponding 
Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society in 
1847, at the age of twenty-five. He kept up correspondence, 
even to the last, with antiquaries in this country and abroad. 
Mr. Rogers was of an amiable and social disposition, and was 
well fitted, mentally and morally, to enjoy the intercourse of 
friends and acquaintances, had his health permitted it. 



LEANDER THOMPSON 

Leander Thompson was born in Woburn, Massachusetts, 
March 7, 1812, the son of Charles and Mary (Wyman) Thompson. 
He was a descendant of James Thompson, one of the original 
settlers of Woburn, who was the first ancestor in this country of 
Count Rumford (Benjamin Thompson). 

His early education was obtained in the village schools, and 
he was fitted for college at the Warren Academy, Woburn, and 
entered Amherst College in 1831, and was graduated in 1835» 
and took a theological course at Andover Theological Seminary, 
where he graduated in 1838. 

He supplied a pulpit in Granby, Massachusetts, for a year, 
and not long afterward sailed from Boston for Syria and the Holy 
Land, with others, in January, 1840, as a missionary of the 
American Board of Foreign Missions. While there he was a 
teacher in the high school at Beirut, and besides his duties as 
a missionary preached in turn with others on Sundays at the 
American consulate. 

While he was thus engaged that country was convulsed with 
the first in a succession of sanguinary outbreaks, and the mis- 
sionaries were obliged to flee. After a time he returned to Beirut, 



LEANDER THOMPSON 361 

but he had scarcely settled down to his work before another 
disturbance broke out, and this was followed by a third and 
fourth in less than four years, but he pursued his work till he 
was seized with illness which finally compelled his return to 
America, after having been under the direction of the Board of 
Missions about four years. 

After his return he was a pastor in South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, for seven years; in West Amesbury, now Merrimac, Mas 
sachusetts, for thirteen years; and preached for some years in 
Wolfsborough, New Hampshire, and in Woburn. 

In his later years he engaged largely in literary pursuits, devot- 
ing much time to historical research, especially in local history. 
He was a careful and accurate writer and expressed himself in 
chaste and vigorous English. He wrote a " Memorial of James 
Thompson and of Eight Generations of His Descendants;" a 
" Memorial of Rev. Benjamin F. Hosford;" an able and exhaus- 
tive Ecclesiastical History of Woburn, which appeared in Hurd's 
1 History of Middlesex County" in 1890; and many articles for 
monthly and quarterly magazines. He was one of the founders 
of the Rumford Historical Association, and always took active 
part in its exercises. His membership in the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society dates from 1887. 

He married, November 6, 1839, Anne Eliza Avery, daughter 
of Samuel and Mary Avery, of Wolfsborough, New Hampshire, 
who survived him. He left one son, Samuel A. Thompson, of 
North Woburn. The firstborn of his five deceased children is 
buried in Jerusalem. Mr. Thompson died in Woburn, in the 
house in which he was born, October 18, 1896. 



362 WILLIAM ADAMS RICHARDSON 



WILLIAM ADAMS RICHARDSON 



William Adams Richardson, an Honorary Member, was the 
second son of Hon. Daniel and Mary (Adams) Richardson and a 
descendant from Ezekiel Richardson, who was an early settler 
of Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he joined the church with 
his wife in 1632, but afterwards removed to Woburn, Massachu- 
setts. The line of descent is Ezekiel 1 , Josiah 2 , Josiah 3 , 
William 4 , Daniel 5 , Hon. Daniel 6 , William A. 7 He was born at 
Tyngsborough, Massachusetts, November 2, 1821. His mother 
was a daughter of William Adams, Esq., who served in two 
campaigns of the Revolutionary War. He was prepared for col- 
lege at Groton, now Lawrence, Academy, and at the time of his 
death was the senior trustee of that institution. He was gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1843, and in 1846 at the Harvard Law 
School. He was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, July 8, 1848, and 
began the practice of the law in Lowell, Massachusetts, in part- 
nership with his elder brother, Daniel S. Richardson. He 
married, October 29, 1849, Anna Maria Marston, daughter of 
Jonathan Marston, of Machiasport, Maine. They had one child, 
Isabella Anna, born at Lowell, December 21, 1850, who sur- 
vived him, the wife of Dr. Alexander F. Magruder, of Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia. Judge Richardson's wife was born 
in Machiasport, and died at Paris, France, March 26, 1875, aged 
forty-eight. From 1850 to 1859 he was associated with Judge 
Joel Parker in the revision of the General Statutes of Massachu- 
setts enacted in 1860. He was appointed judge of probate for 
Middlesex County in 1856, and held this office till 1858, when a 
Court of Probate and Insolvency was established and he was 
appointed the judge for Middlesex County. In April, 1869, he 
was appointed judge of the Superior Court, but declined the 
honor, as he had been appointed assistant secretary of the 



WILLIAM ADAMS RICHARDSON 363 

United States Treasury. In 1871 he was sent abroad to nego- 
tiate the new government loan, and was very successful. In 1873 
he was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, and resigned the 
office in June, 1874, to accept a seat on the bench of the Court of 
Claims, of which court he was appointed chief justice in 1885. 
This office he held at his death, October 19, 1896. He rendered 
important service by his labors on the revision of the statutes, 
both of Massachusetts and the United States. In the reorganiza- 
tion of the Massachusetts Courts of Probate (see Register, vol. 
xlix, p. 69), the principal details were his work. He received 
the degree of LL.D. from Dartmouth College in 1886. He re- 
ceived the same from Georgetown College in 1881, and Howard 
University in 1882. 

He was the author of the following works: "The Banking 
Laws of Massachusetts," 1855; "Practical Information concern- 
ing the Public Debt of the United States," 1872; "The National 
Banking Laws," 1872; "History, Jurisdiction, and Practice of 
the United States Court of Claims," 1882; second edition, 1885; 
"Rules of the Court of Claims, and of the Supreme Court, relat- 
ing to Appeals," 1895. He contributed some valuable articles 
to the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register," a 
few of which were reprinted in pamphlet form. His last contri- 
bution was entitled, "The Government of Harvard College, Past 
and Present," which appeared in the number for January, 1897, 
a few months after his death. A proof of the article was sent to 
Judge Richardson and seen by him, but he was too ill to make any 
changes. 

He was elected a Resident Member in 1857, and an Honorary 
Member in 1893. From January, 1873, to January, 1889, he was 
honorary vice-president for the District of Columbia. 

A fuller memoir was published in the Register, vol. liii, pp. 153-162. 



364 JOHN HOFFMAN COLLAMORE 



JOHN ALLISTER McALLISTER 

John Allister McAllister, a Corresponding Member, elected 
in 1857, was born in Philadelphia, September 20, 1822, and died 
there, October 22, 1896. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. McAllister, see Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. 
lxi-lxii. 



JOHN HOFFMAN COLLAMORE 

John Hoffman Collamore was born in Boston, November 
21, 1816. He was the son of Gilman and Maria Eliza (Hoffman) 
Collamore. 

The father was an importer and dealer in china and crockery 
ware. The son had his education in the old Salem Street Acad- 
emy and in Chauncy Hall School. 

In his youth he was exceedingly fond of travel, and had a 
special love for the sea. He made one voyage as a common sailor. 
He crossed to Europe in the sloop-of-war " Jamestown," and 
remained there nearly twenty years, tramping over the continent 
and canoeing up the great rivers, such as the Seine and the Rhone. 
Having influence with the French government, he was permitted 
to accompany its army during the Franco-Austro-Italian war, 
and was an eye-witness of the battles of Solferino and Magenta. 

Recrossing the ocean, he traveled through the United States, 
Mexico, the West Indies, South America, and the Hawaiian 
Islands, always walking when it was possible to do so. At length, 
feeling the approach of age, he returned to Boston, made himself 
a home on Columbus Avenue, and settled down amid books and 



ALONZO HALL QUINT 365 

works of art. He was one of the trustees of Mt. Hope Cemetery. 
He was a well-known member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company. In 1890 he joined the Masonic Fraternity, 
and passed rapidly through all its grades, to the highest. He 
was very generous in his relations to the order. There is hardly 
a Masonic organization in Boston or its immediate vicinity that 
has not received substantial tokens of his regard. In his will he 
bequeathed sums amounting to $64,000 to the charity funds of 
various Masonic bodies. 

Mr. Collamore became a member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society in 1894. He was never married, but left 
three adopted children. He died in Boston, November 3, 1896. 



ALONZO HALL QUINT 

Alonzo Hall Quint, son of George and Sally W. (Hall) Quint, 
was born in Barnstead, New Hampshire, March 22, 1828, his 
parents' residence being Dover, New Hampshire. His mother 
was a granddaughter of Elder Randall, who founded the Free 
Will Baptist denomination in New Durham, New Hampshire. 
He graduated at Dartmouth in 1846, studied medicine one or two 
years, when, becoming convinced that his calling was in the 
ministry, he went to Andover and graduated there in 1852, re- 
maining for a post-graduate year. He was a pastor of the Central 
Congregational Church, Jamaica Plain, Boston, from 1853 to 
1863, chaplain of the Second Massachusetts Infantry from 1861 
to 1864, pastor of the North Congregational Church, New Bed- 
ford, 1864-75. From 1881 to 1884 he had charge of the 
Broadway Church, Somerville, and from 1886 to 1890 was pastor 
of the young church in Allston, and did much to secure its rapid 
growth. He was a member of the Massachusetts Board of Edu- 
cation from 1855 to 1861, and of the New Hampshire Legislature 
from 1881 to 1885. He served as a manager of the Congrega- 



366 ALONZO HALL QUINT 

tional Publishing Society twenty-one years, as a director of the 
American Congregational Association twenty-five years, as sec- 
retary of the Massachusetts General Association twenty-five 
years. 

Dartmouth College gave him the degree of D.D. in 1866, and 
in 1870 made him one of her trustees. He was the first chaplain- 
in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, chaplain of the 
Massachusetts Grand Lodge of Free Masons from 1869 to 1880, 
chaplain and preacher for the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company in 1884. In 1866 he preached the election sermon 
before the Legislature of Massachusetts. 

Besides various sermons and addresses, he published "The 
Potomac and the Rapidan," "The Record of the Second Massa- 
chusetts Infantry," and "The First Parish, Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, 1633-1883." From 1859 to 1876 he was an editor and a 
proprietor of "The Congregational Quarterly." 

He was a Corresponding Member of the New Hampshire and 
New York Historical societies, and of the Maine Genealogical 
Society. He was elected to the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society in 1850, while he was still a student at Andover, 
being then, and for some years later, its youngest member. 

Dr. Quint married in Boston, January 31, 1854, Rebecca P. 
Putnam, daughter of Allen and Eliza (Page) Putnam, of Salem, 
she surviving him. Five children were born to them: George 
Putnam (deceased); Clara Gadsden (deceased); Wilder Dwight 
(connected with the "Boston Traveler"); Katherine Mordantt 
(Wellesley, 1889, A.M. Dartmouth, 1896) ; and John Hastings. 
Dr. Quint died in Boston, November 4, 1896. 



CHARLES HENRY GUILD 367 



CHARLES HENRY GUILD 

Charles Henry Guild was born in Roxbury, June 11, 1825. 
He was a son of Chester and Harriet (Fiske) Guild. He was a 
lineal descendant of John Guild, who was born in England about 
1616, and came to Dedham in the year 1636. John Guild was 
admitted to the church in Dedham, July 17, 1640. The house he 
built was occupied by himself and descendants more than two 
hundred years. He was made a freeman, May 10, 1643. He 
married, June 24, 1645, Elizabeth Crooke, of Roxbury. 

The subject of this sketch married, November 21, 1848, Mar- 
garet Jane Fox, daughter of William and Abigail (Eaton) Fox, 
of Woburn, Massachusetts. He received his education in the 
schools of Roxbury and Chauncy Hall School, of Boston. 

From the age of fifteen to twenty-one he was in Woburn, 
learning the leather business. He was then, with his brother 
Chester, admitted as a member of the firm of Chester Guild and 
Sons. 

He was a resident of Somerville for many years, and served the 
town in various public capacities: as member of the Board of 
Selectmen, of the School Committee, president of the Board of 
Trustees of the Public Library, and three times elected a repre- 
sentative to the State Legislature. He also served on the Parish 
Committee of the Franklin Street Congregational Church. In all 
public, religious, and educational enterprises he was a zealous 
worker and liberal giver. 

In 1888 Mr. Guild became a resident of Newton Highlands. 
Here he came to be universally respected and beloved, for his 
quick and ready sympathy with all that promotes the best inter- 
ests of the community, for his genial qualities, for his uniformly 
kind and gentlemanly bearing. In these last years he was a 
generous supporter of the church and a warm friend of the public 



368 GEOKGE THOMAS LITTLEFIELD 

school. He retired from business in 1876, and devoted his time 
to the collection and study of rare books. He became a member 
of this Society in 1869. He died November 17, 1896. Mrs. 
Guild and one son, Charles Arthur, survived him. 



GEORGE THOMAS LITTLEFIELD 

George Thomas Littlefield was born in Randolph, Massa- 
chusetts, February 11, 1823, and died in Lexington, Massachu- 
setts, November 18, 1896. 

He was the son of Thomas and Lucinda (Sherman) Littlefield. 
His mother was granddaughter of Roger Sherman, one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence; her father, John 
Sherman, being the eldest son of Roger. The widow of John 
Sherman (grandmother of the subject of this sketch) lived to 
the advanced age of ninety-seven. Among his ancestors on his 
mother's side were John Alden and Moses Mann. He also had, 
from this side, blood of Thayer, Tucker, Bass, and other distin- 
guished Old Colony families. 

His ancestry could be traced in the direct Littlefield line for 
seven generations, the names, back of Thomas, his father, being 
Moses, Aaron, three Nathaniels, to the original Littlefield who 
settled in Wells, Maine, the widow, Agnes or Annis; the family 
tradition being that she came from England in a sailing vessel, 
with five sons, who formed the nucleus of the vast number of 
Littlefields, who almost constituted the town of Wells. In Mas- 
sachusetts Special Laws may be found the Act of Incorporation 
of the First Baptist Society of Wells, then a part of Massachu- 
setts, in which the preponderance of this family is clearly indi- 
cated by the list of corporators. 

Mr. Littlefield was a graduate of Bridgewater Normal School, 
under Master Tillinghast, and at the age of seventeen began 
teaching, following his profession in the district schools of Nor- 



GEORGE THOMAS LITTLEFIELD 369 

folk County, in Randolph, Milton, and Braintree. Having a 
decided taste for mathematics, he was selected as head of that 
department in Chauncy Hall School, then in charge of Gideon 
F. Thayer and Thomas Cushing. After two years he returned 
to the ranks of public school teachers, being one year in Chelsea, 
six in Watertown, and fifteen in Somerville. He began in 1864 
seventeen years of service in the Prescott School, Charlestown, 
remaining principal after the annexation of that city to Boston. 

At the age of fifty-eight, having taught forty-one years and 
acquired a fair competency of this world's goods, he retired to 
private life, spending most of his winters in Florida, and his 
summers at Winchester, Massachusetts, until about a year and 
a half before his death, when he removed to Lexington. He 
became a member of the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society in 1871. 

He married Anna, daughter of Eliphalet and Ruth (Fenno) 
Thorpe, of Athol, Massachusetts, who survived him. Their only 
surviving child was George Sherman Littlefield, born in Water- 
town, April 27, 1851, a resident of Winchester, a lawyer practic- 
ing in Boston ; for seventeen years upon the School Committee of 
Winchester, and a special justice of the Fourth District Court 
of eastern Middlesex. He married, June 29, 1874, Georgiana 
Stevens, of Somerville, daughter of George C. and Mary (Ayer) 
Stevens. They have children: (1) Anna Sherman littlefield; 
(2) Arthur Stevens Littlefield. 



370 BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD 



BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould was born in Boston, September 
27, 1824. He was the son of the noted educator of the same 
name. The line of descent is as follows : Zaccheus 1 , came to New 
England about 1638; John 2 ; Zaccheus 3 ; John 4 ; Captain Benja- 
min 5 , fought at Lexington, Bunker Hill, Bennington, and was 
present at the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, October 17, 
1777; Benjamin Apthorp 6 ; Benjamin Apthorp 7 . 

Young Gould entered the Boston Latin School in 1836, and 
graduated from Harvard College, with high distinction, in 1844. 
After teaching for a year in the Latin School, he decided to de- 
vote himself to a purely scientific career. As a preparation for 
this, he went to Europe in July, 1845, to study astronomy, work- 
ing a year each at the observatories of Berlin and Gottingen, 
and shorter periods at Altona, Gotha, Greenwich, and Paris. 

He returned home in 1848. In 1852 he was appointed to take 
charge of the longitude determinations of the Coast Survey. He 
organized, developed, and extended this service, retiring in 1867. 
Meanwhile, in 1855, he became director of the Dudley Observa- 
tory in Albany, equipped and organized the institution, and 
carried it on without remuneration and at his private expense 
until 1859. 

In that year he published his discussion of the places and 
proper motions of circumpolar stars, for use as standards in the. 
Coast Survey. These, as revised by him in 1861, together with 
his similar list of clock-stars, were adopted as the standards for 
the American Ephemeris. 

In 1866 he planned and executed the work of establishing by 
the Atlantic cable the relation in longitude between European 
and American stations. 

In 1865 he became intensely impressed with a desire to ex- 



BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD 371 

plore the southern celestial hemisphere. This project assumed 
at first the~form of a private astronomical expedition, for which 
his friends in Boston had promised the pecuniary means; but, 
under the enthusiastic support of Mr. Sarmiento, at first as Ar- 
gentine minister to this country, and later as president of that 
republic, it rapidly broadened, and finally led to the establishment 
by Dr. Gould of a permanent National Observatory at Cordoba. 
This marks an epoch in modern astronomy, the equalization of 
our knowledge of the two celestial hemispheres. The institution 
and its work form an impressive monument to his memory. 

It is impossible in brief space to describe the marvelous work 
here accomplished by Dr. Gould during the fifteen years of 
self-imposed exile from his native land. The records of those 
observations in fifteen volumes attest the matchless ability, 
enthusiasm, and energy of their author. 

Dr. Gould had an enthusiasm for the advancement of his 
beloved science far wider than the limits of what he could by 
personal investigation accomplish. Early in his career he keenly 
realized that astronomy had reached a stage of development in 
America which entitled it to a higher claim than had yet been 
accorded to it, and that a journal worthily supporting the dig- 
nity of a pure science would have very great influence upon its 
future progress. Accordingly, in November, 1849, he established 
the " Astronomical Journal, "offering it to the use of astrono- 
mers for the publication of exclusively original investigations. 

We may say, without fear of being controverted, that Ameri- 
can astronomy to-day is a different thing from what it would have 
been without Gould's predominant influence, deep and quiet, 
but strong, to upbuild it and to free it from the clumsiness and 
imperfections which still impede it, even in some of the other- 
wise most enlightened nations of the world. The new atmos- 
phere which he brought with him from Germany, where he had 
caught the spirit of the great masters, under whom he studied, 
became gradually transfused upon this side the sea. His enthu- 
siasm for the introduction of better means and methods of 
research was caught by his compatriots, their courage to regen- 



372 BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD 

erate our science was sustained, and transmitted through vari- 
ous channels to the next and to the present generation. It is 
under his leadership that American astronomy has climbed to 
where it looks with steady and level eye upon that of Germany, 
which occupies perhaps a larger, but not a loftier plane. 

True to his blood, Dr. Gould took special interest in genealogy 
as a side study and in 1872 published "The Family of Zaccheus 
Gould of Topsfield," an octavo volume. 

He married, in 1861, Mary Apthorp Quincy, daughter of the 
Hon. Josiah Quincy. She died in 1883. Her sympathy with 
and influence upon his life work may be most reverently spoken 
of by recalling the lines of his dedication of the " Zone Catalogue :" 

"This catalogue of Southern Stars, the fruit of nearly thirteen 
years of assiduous toil, is dedicated to the beloved and honored 
memory of Mary Apthorp Quincy Gould, to whose approval and 
unselfish encouragement the original undertaking was due, by 
whose sympathy, self-sacrifice, and practical assistance its exe- 
cution was made possible, who bravely endured privation, exile, 
and afflictive bereavement that it might be worthily finished, 
but who has not seen its completion." 

Dr. Gould received the degree of Ph.D. from Gottingen in 1848, 
and that of LL.D. from Harvard in 1885, and from Columbia 
in 1887. During his illustrious career he was the recipient 
of the highest honors that Europe has to bestow, to an extent 
scarcely vouchsafed to any other American. A few only will be 
named here: Mem. Roy. Soc. (London); For. Assoc. Roy. Astr. 
Soc. (London) ; Cor. Mem. Acad. Sci. (Institut de France) ; Acad. 
Imp. Sci. (St. Petersburg); Kon. Akad. Y/iss. (Berlin); Kon. 
Ges. Wiss. (Gottingen) ; Kais. Akad.Wiss. (Vienna) ; Bur.d. Long. 
(Paris). He was knighted, of the Order Pour le Merite, by 
Prussia, a distinction shared only with George Bancroft and 
William Dwight Whitney among Americans, and which is ex- 
ceedingly rare even in Europe. 

He became a member of the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society in 1885, and was its vice-president for Massachu- 
setts in 1892. He died in Cambridge, November 26, 1896. 



HENRY LILLIE PIERCE 373 



HENRY LILLIE PIERCE 

Henry Lillie Pierce was born in Stoughton, Massachusetts, 
August 23, 1825. His father, Colonel Jesse Pierce, was a man of 
considerable distinction as a teacher, a member of the General 
Court, and a pioneer in the antislavery movement. His mother, 
Eliza S. (Lillie) Pierce, was a daughter of Captain John Lillie, a 
gallant officer in the War of the Revolution. As word presented 
to him by Lafayette is now in the possession of the family. Mr. 
Pierce was probably descended from the "John Pers, weaver," 
who is recorded in an ancient document in the English Exche- 
quer, bearing date April 8, 1637, as "desirous to passe" with his 
wife and children "to Boston in New England to inhabitt," and 
who appears to have been admitted a freeman at Watertown in 
March, 1637-38, under the name of John Pierce. Henry Lillie 
Pierce received a good English education in the public schools 
of his native town, at the academy in Milton, and at the State 
Normal School in Bridgewater. In 1850 he became connected 
with the chocolate manufactory of Walter Baker and Company. 
Four years later he took charge of the entire business, and from 
that time till his death was the sole manager. He was represen- 
tative in the General Court from Dorchester in 1860, 1861, 1862, 
and 1866. In 1872 he was elected mayor of Boston, being the 
choice of the citizens without regard to party. A few months 
later he was elected to Congress from the third district, by an 
almost unanimous vote. There he maintained a somewhat 
independent position, refusing to join in any action of his own 
party which did not commend itself to his judgment and sense of 
right. He served a second term as mayor of Boston in 1878. 
After that he declined nomination for public office and devoted 
his time chiefly to business, with occasional trips to Europe or 
through the West. 



374 HENRY LILLIE PIERCE 

Mr. Pierce was never married. He left one brother, Hon. 
Edward L. Pierce, of Milton, Massachusetts. 

He was a trustee of the Massachusetts Life Insurance Com- 
pany and of the Museum of Fine Arts, a member of the Manhat- 
tan and Reform clubs, of New York, and of the Algonquin, St. 
Botolph, Union, and Thursday clubs, of Boston ; also of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, and of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society. His connection with the last-named 
Society dates from 1870. 

Mr. Pierce acquired a large property, which he used in the 
most generous manner. His private secretary says the amount 
of his public and private donations during his lifetime was some- 
thing enormous. By his last will, after providing amply for his 
nearest relative, he left in legacies to more distant relatives, 
friends, and employees, about half a million dollars, and to public 
institutions and charities more than half a million, besides an 
unknown " residuary" sum. His fine farm of four hundred acres, 
on the southern edge of the Blue Hill reservation of the public park 
system, was given, subject to certain life estates, to the Metro- 
politan Park Commissioners, to be added to the Boston park 
lands. 

Mr. Pierce died in Boston, December 17, 1896. 



GEORGE OLIVER CARPENTER 375 



GEORGE OLIVER CARPENTER 

George Oliver Carpenter was born in Boston, December 
26, 1827. He was the son of George and Mary Bentley (Oliver) 
Carpenter, both of whom were natives of Boston. 

The father held an office in the Custom House, where he was a 
contemporary with Nathaniel Hawthorne. 

In 1834 young Carpenter entered the Eliot School on North 
Bennet Street, of which David B. Tower was principal. He was 
graduated in August, 1840, and was one of six who received the 
Franklin medal. He next entered the English High School, 
where he remained a part of one year in the third class, ill-health 
causing him to relinquish his studies, June 1, 1841. 

The business career of Mr. Carpenter dated from June 5, 1841, 
when he entered the house of J. N. Barbour and Brothers on 
Lewis Wharf, commission merchants and pioneers in the Texas 
trade. 

A few years later he became a partner in the firm of Banker, 
Crocker, and Company, dealing in paints and oils. 

In 1851 this house was succeeded by Banker and Carpenter, 
and so continued until 1864, when it became Carpenter, Wood- 
ward, and Morton. In 1893 the house was incorporated under the 
name of the Carpenter-Morton Company, of which Mr. Carpen- 
ter became president. 

During these years Mr. Carpenter became interested in the 
insurance business, and with his son conducted one of the large 
insurance agency houses in Boston. 

Notwithstanding the press of business matters with which he 
concerned himself from the time he left school, Mr. Carpenter 
still found time to devote himself to the development of many 
of the commercial, philanthropic, literary, and social institu- 
tions of Boston. He was a member of the Massachusetts Chari- 



376 GEORGE OLIVER CARPENTER 

table Mechanics' Association, and served as a trustee of that 
institution for three years. He was one of the incorporators of 
the South End Industrial School. He passed through all the 
degrees of Masonry, including the thirty-third, and was one of 
the directors of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. In 1869 and 
1870 he was elected a member of the Board of Aldermen. For 
twenty-five years he was a director of the Eliot National Bank 
of Boston; was a director of the National Bank, of South Reading 
(Wakefield), Massachusetts, a vice-president of the Home Savings 
Bank, Boston; vice-president of the South Reading Mechanics' 
and Agricultural Institution; president of the Old School Boys' 
Association, of Boston; one of the original members of the Paint 
and Oil Club, of New England, and its president in 1891-92; a 
member of the Art Club, of the Algonquin Club, and of the Com- 
mercial Club, of which he was one year president ; president of the 
Board of Fire Underwriters; a director of the Bostonian Society; 
one of the organizers and president of "The Vowels," a club of 
past presidents of the Eliot School Association. 

In 1868 he held the office of commander of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company, and he held the same office in the 
Old Guard of Massachusetts, which is composed of commis- 
sioned officers, past and present, of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia. 

Since 1860, in connection with his business, he made many 
trips abroad, where he traveled extensively. 

He married, February 6, 1850, Maria Josephine Emerson, of 
South Reading. Two sons were born to them. One, Colonel 
George 0. Carpenter, Jr., became connected with a St. Louis 
business house. The other, Frederick B. Carpenter, engaged in 
the insurance business with his father, forming the firm of 
George 0. Carpenter and Son. Both of them survived their 
father. Mr. Carpenter became a member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society in 1892. He died in Boston, 
December 25, 1896. 









JOHN MEREDITH READ 377 



JOHN MEREDITH READ 

John Meredith Read was born in Philadelphia, February 
21, 1837. He was the son of John Meredith Read, LL.D., judge 
of the Supreme Court, of Pennsylvania. Judge Read was the son 
of John, and grandson of George, who was a signer of the Decla- 
ration of Independence. 

Mr. Read was educated at a military school and at Brown 
University, where he graduated in the class of 1858. He com- 
pleted his studies in the Albany Law School in 1859, and was 
admitted to the Bar the same year at Philadelphia. He studied 
international law in Europe and subsequently removed to Al- 
bany, New York. He was adjutant-general of the State of New 
York from 1860 to 1866, and did eminent service during the Civil 
War. He received the thanks of the War Department for his 
ability and zeal in organizing, equipping, and forwarding troops. 
From 1869 to 1873 he was United States consul-general for 
France and Algeria, and during the Franco-German War was 
consul-general for Germany. He was warmly praised by the 
French government for his services in ministering to the wants 
of the Parisian population, which was shut up in Paris during 
the two sieges in 1870-71. In November, 1873, he was appointed 
United States minister-resident in Greece. One of his first acts 
was to secure the release of the American ship " Armenia." 

He was also successful in obtaining from the Greek govern- 
ment a revocation of the order forbidding the sale and circula- 
tion of the Bible in Greece. He was very efficient in protecting 
the persons and interests of Americans in the dangerous political 
crisis of 1878, and received the thanks of his government for suc- 
cessful efforts in this direction. Soon afterwards Congress, from 
motives of economy, refused the appropriation for the legation 
at Athens, and General Read, feeling that the time was too criti- 



378 JOHN MEREDITH READ 

cal to withdraw the mission, carried it on at his own expense 
until September, 1879. In 1881, when, owing in part to his efforts 
after his resignation, the territory adjudged to Greece had finally 
been transferred, King George created him a Knight, Grand 
Cross of the Order of the Redeemer, the highest dignity in the gift 
of the Greek government. 

He was named Honorary Member of the military order of the 
Loyal Legion in recognition of his services to his country during 
the Civil War. 

He was president of the Social Science Congress at Albany in 
1868, and vice-president of the Congress at Plymouth, England, 
in 1872. He was one of the original trustees of Cornell Univer- 
sity; a member of the Albany Institute, and of the American 
Philosophical Society; Corresponding Member of the American 
Ethnological Society, and of the Historical Societies of Maryland, 
Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, 
Minnesota, and Long Island; fellow of the Royal Society of 
Northern Antiquities, Denmark. 

He published in 1860 "The Relation of the Soil to Plants and 
Animals," and in 1866 "Historical Inquiry concerning Hendrick 
Hudson," an octavo volume. This work gained for him a high 
reputation in Europe and America. He was also the author of 
occasional poems, and other contributions to periodicals. He 
made a series of rich collections of unpublished historical docu- 
ments in each country where he resided, and prepared them for 
publication. 

He was elected a Corresponding Member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society in 1867. His death occurred in 
Paris, France, December 27, 1896. 






HORATIO HALE 379 



HORATIO HALE 

Horatio Hale was born in Newport, New Hampshire, May 3, 
1817. He was the son of David and Sarah Josepha (Buell) Hale. 
His mother was very prominent in philanthropic and literary 
circles, and was the author or editor of a large number of works. 
Mr. Hale was a descendant of Thomas Hale, a landholder in 
Watton, Hertfordshire, England, who came to Massachusetts in 
1637 and settled at Newbury, where he died in 1682. The line of 
descent is Thomas 1 ; John 2 ; Henry 3 , born in Newbury, 1667; 
Edmund 4 ; Joseph 5 ; David 6 , enlisted at the age of eighteen and 
served two campaigns in the Revolutionary War; David 7 ; Hora- 
tio 8 . After the early death of his father, Horatio Hale came 
with his mother to Boston, and was assisted in his education by 
Hon. Abbott Lawrence and Gideon F. Thayer. He graduated at 
Harvard in 1837. He was then already developing his marked 
philological tastes. In his Freshman year at Harvard some 
Indians of the Penobscot tribe found their way to Cambridge 
and encamped on or near the college grounds. Young Hale went 
among them and made out a vocabulary of their language. Hav- 
ing some knowledge of printing, he put this in type with some 
introductory remarks, and printed a pamphlet of which some 
copies were distributed among persons interested in Indian phi- 
lology. The title was " Remarks on the Language of the St. John 
or Oolastukweek Indians, with a Penobscot Vocabulary/' with 
the imprint " Boston, 1834." The pamphlet is very rare and 
much prized by collectors. This publication led to the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Hale, soon after his graduation, as a member of the 
scientific corps attached to the United States Exploring Expedi- 
tion to the South Seas (1838-42) under Captain (afterwards 
Admiral) Charles Wilkes. 

The quarto volume on " Ethnography and Philology,' ' forming 



380 HOKATIO HALE 

the seventh volume of the series relating to that expedition, was 
prepared by Mr. Hale and published in 1846. Soon after the 
return of the expedition, he was admitted to the Bar in Chicago. 
Some property in Canada, which had descended to his wife, 
requiring attention, led to his removal to Clinton, Canada, for 
what he expected to be a brief sojourn. But he became interested 
in the traditions and languages of the Huron-Iroquois Indians 
in Canada, and finally spent the remainder of his life there. He 
published numerous memoirs on anthropology and ethnology, 
was a member of many learned societies in Europe and America, 
and in 1886 was vice-president of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, presiding over the section of 
anthropology. Besides the works already named, he published 
"Indian Migrations as evidenced by Language," Chicago, 1883; 
"The Iroquois Book of Rites," Philadelphia, 1883. 

Mr. Hale was elected a Corresponding Member of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society in 1882. He married at 
Jersey City, New Jersey, January 21, 1854, Margaret Pugh, 
daughter of William Pugh, Esq., of Clinton, Canada, who sur- 
vived him. They had three children: Florence (married Richard 
Ransford); William Buell, electrician in Chicago; and Charles 
Bernard. Mr. Hale died at Clinton, December 28, 1896. 



FRANCIS AM AS A WALKER 381 



FRANCIS AMASA WALKER 

Francis Amasa Walker, a Resident Member from 1883, was 
born in Boston, July 2, 1840, and died there January 5, 1897. 
His father was Amasa Walker, LL.D., lecturer on Political 
Economy at Oberlin and Amherst, and author of the " Science of 
Wealth." His mother was Hannah, daughter of Stephen Am- 
brose, of Concord, New Hampshire, a woman remarkable for a 
rare combination of Puritanic strength of character with refined 
literary tastes. His first American ancestor was supposed to be 
Captain Samuel Walker, of Lynn, Massachusetts, who came to 
this country about 1630. The ancestral line is stated as follows: 
Francis Amasa 8 , Professor Amasa 7 , Deacon Walter 6 and Priscilla 
Charpentier (of French Huguenot stock), Captain Phineas 5 and 
Susanna Hyde, Nathaniel 4 and Submit Brewer, John 3 , Samuel 2 
and Sarah Reed, Samuel 1 . 

Francis Amasa Walker began the study of Latin at the age of 
seven, and entering Amherst College at the age of fifteen, gradu- 
ated in 1860, having received prizes for composition and extent 
pore speaking. He then entered the law office of Devens and 
Hoar at Worcester, but a few days after attaining his majority 
enlisted under Colonel Devens, as sergeant major in the Fifteenth 
Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteers. Enthusiastic in military 
service and " almost fiercely loyal," he performed his duties with 
such faithful efficiency and marked personal bravery, that he 
was rapidly promoted till he became adjutant-general of the 
Second Corps under General Hancock, who said, " Colonel 
Walker is the best adjutant-general that I ever knew." He took 
part in many battles, notably at Fredericksburg and Chancel- 
lorsville, where he was severely wounded, and in the campaigns 
of the Wilderness and the siege of Petersburg. At Ream's 
Station, while carrying dispatches in the evening, he was cap- 



382 FRANCIS AM AS A WALKER 

tured and confined in Libby prison six weeks. Broken health 
compelled him to retire from the army early in 1865, having won 
the highest encomiums of his superior officers, with the brevet 
title of brigadier-general, conferred on request of General 
Hancock. 

After a few months' rest at his father's home in North Brook- 
field, Massachusetts, he taught Latin and Greek at Williston 
Seminary for two years, was assistant editor of the " Spring- 
field Republican" for one year, when he was placed by President 
Grant at the head of the Bureau of Statistics in Washington. 
His eminent fitness for the position led to his appointment as 
superintendent of the census of 1870, in which work at this time, 
and again in 1880, he surpassed all his predecessors. 

In 1871 he was Indian commissioner, but after one year 
accepted the professorship of History and Political Economy in 
the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale, where he remained eight 
years. In 1878 he published " Money," probably his most im- 
portant book, " referred to by English economists as first of its 
kind." He was chief of the Bureau of Rewards at the Centennial 
Exposition at Philadelphia, and represented the United States 
at the International Monetary Conference in Paris in 1878. 

In 1881 he became president of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, where he accomplished his most important work, 
elevating a small technical school to a great scientific university, 
famous throughout the land. Honored and beloved by his asso- 
ciate teachers, he inspired the students with admiration and 
respect. They believed in him not only as a great man of im- 
mense resources, but as a personal friend. Though he had little 
to do directly in the classroom, he knew them individually, and 
for them his office door was every day ajar, and his kindly advice 
and assistance were always ready. 

Stricken with apoplexy, he died without a moment's warn- 
ing, undoubtedly the victim of overwork. The death of very 
few men could have brought so much sorrow throughout the 
civilized world. City and national officials, and learned societies 
at home and abroad, vied with each other to do him honor. The 



FRANCIS AMASA WALKER 383 

"London Times" said, "The death of the American economist, 
General Walker, will be regretted in this country almost as much 
as in the United States." 

Besides "Money," already mentioned, General Walker pub- 
lished some twelve or fifteen books, statistical, historical, finan- 
cial, and economic ; among the most important of which are the 
"History of the Second Army Corps," "Principles of Political 
Economy," and "International Bimetalism." 

Always modest and unassuming, unselfishly seeking to serve 
his country and mankind, he was "fairly loaded" with unsought 
honors. 

In his own city and State he was continually called to impor- 
tant posts. He was a member of the Massachusetts Historical 
.Society, president of the Massachusetts Military Historical So- 
ciety, chairman of the Massachusetts Board of Managers at the 
World's Fair, eight years member of the Massachusetts Board of 
Education, three years member of the School Board, of Boston, 
president of the Society of Arts and trustee of the Art Museum, 
six years chairman of the Massachusetts Topographical Survey 
Commission, four years member of the Park Commission, and 
trustee of the Public Library. He was president of the American 
Statistical Association from 1882 till his death, also seven years 
president of the American Economic Association, vice-president 
of the National Academy of Sciences, also of the American 
Society for the Promotion of Profit Sharing. He was Honorary 
Member and "president adjoint" of the International Statistical 
Association, Honorary Member of the Royal Statistical Society, 
of England, correspondent of the Central Statistical Commission, 
of Belgium, Corresponding Member of the British Association 
for the Advancement of Science, an officer of the French Legion 
of Honor, and correspondent of the Institute of France. For his 
statistical atlas of the United States in 1875 he received a medal 
of the first class from the International Geographical Congress 
of Paris. 

He received the Ph.D. from his alma mater, also from Yale 
and Halle. Amherst conferred also the LL.D., which was re- 



384 FRANCIS FAULKNER EMERY 

peated in turn by Yale, Harvard, St. Andrews, Dublin, and 
Edinburgh universities. 

On August 16, 1865, General Walker married Exene E., 
daughter of Timothy Stoughton, of Gill, Massachusetts, who 
survived him with seven children and two grandchildren. Their 
son Francis was appointed professor of Political and Social Sci- 
ence at Colorado College, and had the degree of Ph.D. from 
Columbia. 

This notice is condensed from a memoir in the Register for January, 1898, 
by the Rev. Silvanus Hayward, A.M. 



FRANCIS FAULKNER EMERY 

Francis Faulkner Emery, born in Boston, March 26, 1830, 
was a son of Francis Welch Roberts and Sophronia (Faulkner) 
Emery. He was elected a member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society in 1880, and became a Life Member in 1882. 
He was of the seventh generation from John Emery, who with 
his wife and brother Anthony came from England to Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, in 1635, but settled in Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and helped build the second grist mill in that town. 
His line of descent was John 1 , Jonathan 2 , Jonathan 3 , Joshua 4 , 
Joshua 5 , Joshua 6 , Francis Welch Roberts 7 , Francis Faulkner 8 
Emery. His mother was a descendant of Edward Faulkner, 
one of the first settlers of Andover, Massachusetts, in 1634, and 
also a lineal descendant of Ezekiel Richardson, one of the foun- 
ders of Woburn, Massachusetts. 

His father built Music Hall and other important buildings in 
Boston. 

Francis Faulkner Emery was for some time a student at 
Phillips Academy, Andover, but graduated from the English 
High School, Boston, in 1848. He then entered the employ of 
J. P. Thorndike, a leather merchant, but a year later went to 
California, where he remained two years and was quite successful. 



SAMUEL LELAND MONTAGUE 385 

On his return to Boston he engaged in the manufacture of shoes, 
and in 1853 became a member of the firm of Frederick Jones and 
Company, doing a business of a half a million dollars yearly, and 
during the war making an immense quantity of shoes for the 
army. He was a man of great energy and intensity of purpose 
and strong convictions, quick to perceive and to resent all forms 
of injustice. He took deep interest in public affairs, though he 
was not a candidate for office. He did much to promote the 
organization of the Shoe and Leather Association and to advance 
the commercial interests of Boston. In early life he was a Whig, 
but became a Republican when that party was organized. On 
September 18, 1855, he was married to Caroline Sweetser Jones, 
daughter of Frederick and Maria (Sweetser) Jones. She died in 
1890. He left one daughter, Maria Sweetser Emery, and two 
sons, Francis Faulkner Emery, Jr., and Edward Stanley Emery. 
He died in Stoneham, Massachusetts, January 15, 1897, at the 
home of Dr. A. H. Cowdrey, whose wife was his sister. 



SAMUEL LELAND MONTAGUE 

Samuel Leland Montague, elected a member in 1882, was 
the son of Simeon and Sibyl (Leland) Montague, and was born in 
Montague, Massachusetts, May 4, 1829, and died in Cambridge, 
January 16, 1897. His parents removed to the far West when 
he was about eight years of age, and settled in what was then a 
wilderness, some twenty miles west of Jackson, Michigan. In 
1837 the place was incorporated as Springport. The family 
remained in the West only two years, when they returned to 
Massachusetts. Mr. Montague spent his boyhood on farms in the 
towns of Hopkinton, Ashland, and Westborough, and was edu- 
cated in the common schools of those towns, and finished at 
Hopkinton Academy and the Baptist Academy in Worcester. 
He began his business life as clerk, in Boston, in a store on the 



386 SAMUEL LELAND MONTAGUE 

corner of Pearl and Purchase streets. After eight years of hard 
work and small pay he formed a partnership with Horace 
Haskins, in the old metal business, which gradually grew into a 
large commission trade in cotton, hides, and various Southern 
products. In this prosperous trade the firm amassed a fortune, 
and dissolved in 1889, after thirty-five years of success, in order 
that Mr. Montague might assume active management of several 
cotton and woolen mills, which the firm had built in Maine, and 
also that he might oversee his interests in two or more corpora- 
tions in Lowell and Lawrence. Failing health necessitated his 
relinquishing the active management of these mills, though he 
remained president of the corporations until his death. 

Mr. Montague was active in originating the Charles River 
Street Railway, and was a director, before and after consolida- 
tion with the Cambridge road, and until it was bought by the 
West End. Mr. Montague removed to Cambridge in 1859, and 
became active in public affairs, was chosen to the City Council in 
1873 and 1874, and to the Board of Aldermen in 1875 and 1876. 
He was chosen mayor in 1878 and 1879, and made an excellent 
administration. He was a trusted officer in his public capacity, 
and respected as a man of eminent good judgment and executive 
ability in many directions, as is testified by the important 
stations he was called to fill. He was a trustee of the Cambridge 
Public Library for seventeen years, and chairman of the Board 
for ten years. He was chosen one of the supervisors of the Cam- 
bridge Manual Training School, and was one of the gentlemen 
selected by Mr. Frederick H. Rindge to supervise the distribu- 
tion of his bequests to the city of Cambridge, including the City 
Hall, Public Library and this training school. He was for many 
years a director in the Cambridgeport Savings Bank, was ap- 
pointed local commissioner of civil service in 1880, and in 1894 
a principal assessor. Active in Masonic affairs, Mr. Montague 
was past master of Mizpah Lodge, a member of Cambridge 
Chapter Royal Arch Masons, Boston Council, and De Molay 
Commandery, Knights Templar. Due honor was paid to his 
memory by the authorities of the city whose public interests he 



ALBERT BOYD OTIS 387 

had so long and faithfully served, and high tributes were paid 
him at the meetings of the various boards called by the mayor 
upon news of his death. Both branches of the city government 
voted to attend the funeral in a body. The closing section of 
the resolutions passed by the Cambridge city government at 
this special session above mentioned is comprehensive, and pays 
a tribute expressing the feelings of all who knew Mr. Montague : 
"We recognize and appreciate the value of his public services, 
the rugged New England virtues of which he was the embodi- 
ment and exemplar, his conscientious fulfilment of every duty 
assigned him, his sturdy, unwavering honesty and love of truth 
for its own sake, and, withal, the constant and unfailing friend- 
ship which bound him to so many hearts." Mr. Montague mar- 
ried, December 23, 1853, Ann Maria Bucksted, of Boston. She 
died September 12, 1854. He married, May 4, 1856, Mary Eliza- 
beth Bucksted, who survived him, with a son, Charles H. Mon- 
tague, of Cambridge, and a daughter, Miss Annie S. Montague. 



ALBERT BOYD OTIS 

Albert Boyd Otis was born June 24, 1839, in Belfast, Maine, 
where he died January 17, 1897. 

His father, Samuel Otis, born in Wiscasset, Maine, May 25, 
1805, was for over half a century a merchant in Belfast. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Eliza M. Nickerson, born in 
Belfast, July 28, 1812, was married December 27, 1832. His 
paternal grandfather, David Otis, was born in Bristol, Maine, 
October 22, 1766. Thirty years later the removed to Wiscasset, 
where he married Jane, daughter of Colonel Samuel Boyd, of 
that town. David Otis was a master mariner of ability and en- 
terprise. Samuel Otis, father of David, first resided in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts. He emigrated to Nova Scotia in 1761, 
and lived in the township now called Yarmouth. His name 



388 ALBERT BOYD OTIS 

appears in the membership of a committee appointed to divide 
the forfeited lands of that township, under the act of August, 
1761. Returning to New England about 1765, he settled on 
Katherine Island, now Rutherford Island, in Bristol, Maine, 
which he afterwards purchased. In 1775 he became chairman 
of the Committee of Safety, and in that capacity addressed a 
letter to the Provincial Congress, which is preserved among its 
records. There is little doubt that the family descends in a direct 
line from John Otis — Ottis — or Outtis — who came to Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, in 1632, from Glastonbury, near Wells, in 
Somersetshire, England. 

On his mother's side Mr. Otis had a like honorable line of 
ancestry. Her father, Salathiel Nickerson, born in Chatham, 
Massachusetts, November 1, 1789, was a soldier in the War of 
1812, and a successful merchant. His wife, Martha Rogers 
McClure, was a daughter of James McClure, a Revolutionary 
officer, whose father came from the north of Ireland in 1727, 
and with two others made the first settlement of Hillsborough, 
New Hampshire. The father of Salathiel Nickerson also lived 
in Chatham. He was a Revolutionary soldier, a representative 
to the General Court of Massachusetts, and a member of the 
Constitutional Convention in 1820. His grandfather, William 
Nickerson, was an early immigrant to Massachusetts. The 
Admiralty records of London show the examination of William 
Nickerson, of Norwich, in Norfolk County, weaver, aged 33, and 
Annie, aged 28, with four children, all intending, April 8, 1637, 
to go to Boston, New England, "to inhabit." It is said that he 
first went to Watertown. He subsequently settled in Chatham. 
His wife, whose name was Anne Busby, was descended from Elder 
William Brewster and also from Stephen Hopkins, both signers 
of the Mayflower compact in 1620. The ancestry of Mr. Otis 
therefore embraces two of the Pilgrim Fathers. 

The early education of Mr. Otis was obtained in the public 
schools of Belfast and at Westbrook Seminary, near Portland. 
In 1859 he entered Tufts College, and four years later took the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts at that institution. His natural 



ALBERT BOYD OTIS 389 

ability, fondness for study and close application won for him the 
highest honors. He received the Goddard prize for English com- 
position, and at the termination of his college course was chosen 
a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, which, as is well known, 
admits only the first scholars in its several branches as mem- 
bers. After graduating he read law for a year with the Hon. 
Nehemiah Abbott, of Belfast, then engaged in an extensive prac- 
tice, and having passed another year at the Law School at Har- 
vard College, was admitted to the Waldo County Bar in 1865. 
Desiring to obtain a still higher standard of legal equipment, he 
devoted an additional year to study at the Dane Law School, 
receiving, in 1866, the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and in the same 
year the degree of Master of Arts from his alma mater. 

Immediately commencing practice in Boston, he was for sev- 
eral years connected in legal business with the late Ex-Governor 
John Albion Andrew (Bowdoin College, 1837), and after the 
death of the latter, with the governor's son, the Hon. John For- 
rester Andrew (Harvard University, 1872). 

As a man, friend, and neighbor, Mr. Otis was greatly esteemed. 
His sincerity and candor commanded the respect of all who 
came within his influence. In conversation there were few sub- 
jects which he did not illustrate by fascinating and brilliant 
remarks. He had gathered a large library of the books which he 
loved, and of which he was a constant reader, and his literary, 
criticisms were just and sagacious. The memory of his endear- 
ing qualities will always be cherished by those who knew him. 
He was never married. An only sister survived him. 

He became a Resident Member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society in 1869, and for several years acted as one 
of the committee on Papers. and Essays. From 1885 he was on 
the roll of Corresponding Members of the Maine Historical Soci- 
ety. In the objects of these organizations he ever manifested a 
deep interest, and constantly contributed to them, not only with 
his pen, but by donations of books and ancient documents. 

This notice is condensed from a memoir in the Register for January, 1898, 
by the Hon. Joseph Williamson, Litt. D. 



390 CYRUS HENRY TAGGARD 



CYRUS HENRY TAGGARD 

Cyrus Henry Taggard, of Boston, a Life Member, elected in 
1871, was born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, July 27, 1822, 
and died in East Boston, Massachusetts, January 18, 1897. He 
was the son of Samuel and Sarah (Hart well) Taggard. The 
father was born in 1788, and the mother in 1786, at Concord, 
Massachusetts, a daughter of Samuel and Ruth (Hosmer) Hart- 
well. The grandfather of Mr. Taggard was Lieutenant William 
Taggard, a veteran of the Revolution, whose wife was Sarah 
Mead. Mr. Taggard married, September 6, 1849, Anna E. Phil- 
lips, a daughter of John Phillips, of Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
They had no children. 

He came to Boston in young manhood, established himself in 
the provision trade, which he gave up in 1861, when he entered 
upon dealing in real estate. About 1885 he removed to East 
Boston. At the time of his death he was rated among the heavy 
realty holders of East Boston property. 

Mr. Taggard was a self-made man in all that term implies, and 
in his dealings, his honesty and integrity were never questioned. 
He had a very retentive memory, and was well informed upon 
the questions of the day. He took much interest in the welfare 
of this Society, and appreciated every effort on its part to pre- 
serve and perpetuate the character and influence of old-time 
New England. 






JOHN ISRAEL BAKER 391 



ERASTUS EMMONS GAY 

Erastus Emmons Gay, a Corresponding Member, elected in 
1865, was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, May 9, 1820, and died 
in Burlington, Iowa, February 1, 1897. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Gay, by Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., see 
Register, vol. liv, supp., p. lxii. 



JOHN ISRAEL BAKER 

John Israel Baker was elected a member of this Society in 
1851, and became a Life Member in 1863. He was born in Beverly, 
Massachusetts, August 16, 1812, and was a son of Joseph and 
Lucy (Bisson) Baker. His immigrant ancestor, John Baker, 
came from Norwich, England, to Ipswich, in 1635. His line is 
John 1 , Captain Thomas 2 , Captain Thomas 3 , Thomas 4 , Joseph 5 , 
Joseph 6 , Hon. John I. 7 Baker. He was also a lineal descendant 
of Deputy Governor Samuel Symonds and Samuel Appleton, of 
Ipswich, Judge William Hathorne and John Woodbury, of Salem, 
Barnard Capen, of Dorchester, and other founders of New 
England. 

When only twelve and a half years of age Mr. Baker left 
school and became a clerk in a store, and at the age of fourteen 
years was apprenticed to learn the shoemaker's trade, and worked 
at that occupation for several years, subsequently becoming a 
shoe manufacturer. At one time he engaged in rubber manu- 
facturing, and did much as surveyor and arbitrator, and in the 
settlement of estates. He was elected town clerk at the age of 
twenty-three, and held the position for nearly twenty years; he 



392 JOHN ISRAEL BAKER 

was selectman for seventeen years, member of the School Com- 
mittee and chairman for many years, connected with the fire 
department and the militia for several years, and county com- 
missioner for sixteen years. In 1840 he was elected a represen- 
tative to the General Court from his native town, and served for 
eighteen years at different periods up to 1884, in eight of which, as 
senior member, he called the House to order and presided till the 
organization was completed. He was elected to the Senate in 
1863 and 1864, and was a member of the council under Governor 
Banks and also under Governor Andrew. As a member of Gov- 
ernor Banks's council, he aided in settling the Rhode Island 
boundary question, and in Governor Andrew's council rendered 
important service in fitting out the Massachusetts troops during 
the first year of the Civil War, as a member of the committee of 
the council on military affairs. He was present when General 
Butler offered his services to Governor Andrew to defend the 
government, and became from that time General Butler's de- 
voted friend and admirer. He was appointed justice of the peace 
by Governor Everett in 1838, and was continuously reappointed. 
Governor Briggs made him special railroad commissioner in 
1845. Governor Andrew appointed him inspector of fish in 1865, 
and he was made State liquor commissioner in 1866. He was a 
Whig till the organization of the Republican party in 1854, at 
Worcester, when he served as secretary of the convention. 

Early in life Mr. Baker took his position as an antislavery 
man, and as an advocate of temperance and total abstinence 
from intoxicating drink. He was a strong advocate of the right 
of women to vote and hold office, and also urged the importance 
of granting adequate rewards to labor. He was identified with 
the Republican party till 1870, when he joined the independent 
temperance movement. In 1875 and 1876 he was candidate for 
governor of the Prohibition party, but later supported General 
Butler's candidacy for governor. Mr. Baker was appointed harbor 
and land commissioner in 1883, and reappointed in 1886, 1889, 
1892, and 1895. During the protracted and determined struggle 
to divide Beverly and organize Beverly Farms as a separate town, 






JOHN ISRAEL BAKER 393 

Mr. Baker stood strongly for the integrity of the town and was 
indefatigable in his efforts to prevent the division. It was 
largely through his influence that the bill was defeated in the 
Legislature, and when a little later, in 1894, a city government 
was chosen, he was elected the first mayor of Beverly and aided 
the old town in starting on its new career. 

Mr. Baker was called "the blue-eyed philosopher of Beverly." 
He was certainly a man of exceptional ability and of the highest 
character. For a considerable part of the sixty years of his 
active life he served his town and county with entire faithful- 
ness in every department, and he served the State for forty years 
with great zeal and efficiency. Though he lived to be an old man, 
he was always young in his sympathies and always progressive 
in his ideas. He had a remarkable faculty for making friends 
and retaining them. In religion he was broad in his views, be- 
lieving in the fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man. 
He was identified with the Baptists, but was not a member of 
the church. 

He married Mary Cressy, daughter of Maxwell and Joanna 
(Green) Cressy. She died in 1861, and subsequently he married 
Ellen Masury, daughter of Captain Stephen Masury. His wife 
survived him, and he left two children by his first wife, viz., 
Bessie Allen Baker and John S. Baker, both residents of Beverly. 
He died February 17, 1897. 



394 TIMOTHY WADSWORTH STANLEY 



TIMOTHY WADSWORTH STANLEY 

Timothy Wadsworth Stanley, a Resident Member January 
5, 1870, Life Member 1872, died in Granby, Connecticut, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1897, where he had lived the last seventeen years. He 
was the seventh child of Amon and Abi (North) Stanley, and 
was born at New Britain, Connecticut, July 13, 1817, the native 
place of his parents, and in that town and city the larger and 
most active portion of his life was passed. He first learned the 
printing business with G. and C. Merriam, of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, and spent about two years at his trade in Boston. 
Subsequently he engaged in various branches of manufacturing, 
chiefly of hardware, and later for several years was a hardware 
merchant in New Britain. He was long a director in the Stanley 
Rule and Level Company, and from its beginning a director in 
the New Britain Savings Bank, of which he was one of the origi- 
nal corporators, and vice-president for seventeen years. He was 
president at one time of the Union Manufacturing Company, of 
New Britain. He was a member of the Connecticut Legislature 
for several sessions, and was identified with all measures for pro- 
moting the prosperity of the town. 

Indeed, so thoroughly was he identified with the growth and 
development of this town and city, and so abiding was his inter- 
est in all that concerned or affected them, that his citizenship 
seems never to have been removed, though for some years his 
residence had been changed. To him and his associates who 
laid the foundations of what are now the great industries of New 
Britain, that community is indebted for much that it has of 
churches and schools and books, and of all things that add to 
the convenience and comfort of its daily life. 

In business matters his advice was sound and worthy of con- 
sideration, while his genial temper and native kindness of heart 



TIMOTHY WADS WORTH STANLEY 395 

made him a most agreeable and helpful associate. He possessed 
rare qualities of mind and soul. His intellectual vigor, cultivated 
tastes, and sunny spirit, his high moral sense and spotless integ- 
rity, his faith and hope and charity, united to form a personality 
as charming as it was noble. 

His name was recommended to membership in this Society by 
the Hon. W. A. Buckingham, the famous war governor of Con- 
necticut, and his portrait and genealogy are presented in the 
volume entitled "The Stanley Families in America," by Israel P. 
Warren, D.D., published in 1887. 

Mr. Stanley married first, October 24, 1841, Adaline G. Corn- 
well, who died March 16, 1878, and second, October 16, 1879, 
Mrs. Theresa B. Stanley, widow of Mortimer H. Stanley, who 
survived him. By the first marriage there was a son, Francis 
Wadsworth Stanley, born January 24, 1843, who died of wounds 
received in the battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana, at the age of 
twenty, on May 29, 1863, when he was a sergeant in the Thir- 
teenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. The remains of the 
son were buried in New Britain, August 5, 1863. Two other 
children by the first marriage died young. By the second mar- 
riage he had two children, Philip Bartholomew and Maurice. 

The circumstances of Mr. Stanley's death were as follows : He 
had been in New Britain all day, and returned home apparently 
in good health about six o'clock. When his wife went to call him 
to supper she found him dead on the sofa. The cause was pro- 
nounced by medical authority to be apoplexy. 



396 GEORGE OTIS SHATTUCK 






GEORGE OTIS SHATTUCK 

George Otis Shattuck, a Resident Member, elected in 1891, 
was born in Andover, Massachusetts, May 2, 1829, and died in 
Boston, February 23, 1897. He was the son of Joseph and 
Hannah (Bailey) Shattuck. Both of his grandfathers were sol- 
diers in the War of the Revolution, and his great-grandfather 
Bailey was killed at Bunker Hill. His paternal line of ancestry 
for several generations bears the name of Joseph, and descends 
from William Shattuck, the founder of the family in New Eng- 
land. His remaining lines of ancestry connect him with the 
Abbot, Johnson, and Chandler families, of Andover. He prepared 
for college at Phillips Andover Academy, graduated at Harvard 
University in 1852, and from the Harvard Law School in 1854. 
He established himself in Boston, and at times was associated 
with such men of prominence in the profession as Honorables 
J. R. Coolidge, Peleg W. Chandler, W. A. Monroe, and Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, Jr. For a long series of years he was a member 
of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University. He was a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and of the Colonial 
Society of Massachusetts. In 1857 he married Emily, daughter 
of Charles and Susan Copeland, of Roxbury. His wife and 
daughter Susan, wife of Dr. Arthur Tracy Cabot, survived him. 
Professor J. B. Thayer said of him: "He has lived a strong and 
useful life. He had come to be a leader strong and trusted and 
honored. He began with none of those supports of fortune and 
powerful friends, which are so helpful. But he had brought with 
him the qualities of a vigorous ancestry, and he planted himself 
firmly, and steadily grew. First of all, Mr. Shattuck was and meant 
to be a lawyer. He felt an interest in public affairs and discussed 
and dealt with them in a large way and after the manner of a 
strong and competent thinker. He was offered a place on the 



SAMUEL CLARKE CLARKE 397 

Federal Bench, and again on the Supreme Bench of Massachu- 
setts, but he declined these opportunities and found his duty 
and happiness at the Bar. It was in his calling that he wrought 
steadily out his honorable and successful career.' ' Judge 0. W. 
Holmes, Jr., before the Suffolk Bar paid a beautiful and glowing 
tribute to his memory. 



SAMUEL CLARKE CLARKE 

Samuel Clarke Clarke became a member of the New Eng- 
land Historic Genealogical Society in 1867. He was born in 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, now part of Boston, February 27, 
1806, and died in Marietta, Georgia, February 26, 1897. He 
was the son of Dr. Samuel Clarke, an eminent physician of 
Boston, and of Rebecca Parker Hull, daughter of General William 
Hull, an officer of the Revolution. He was a brother of the Rev. 
James Freeman Clarke, the celebrated Unitarian clergyman of 
Boston, and step-grandson of Dr. James Freeman, the first 
ordained Unitarian minister in this country. He was in the 
sixth generation of direct descent from Thomas Clarke, mate of 
the "Mayflower." 

He was educated at the Boston Latin School, was engaged 
in the drug business in Boston from 1820 to 1830; in South 
America 1833; in the East Indies as supercargo 1834-36; in 
Chicago 1839-64. He was during many years of his life a martyr 
to rheumatism, which finally compelled him to give up business, 
and he passed the remainder of his life in leisure in Boston, until 
1876, and in Marietta, Georgia, until his death. 

His favorite pursuits were angling and genealogical researches. 
He printed a genealogical history of the families of Clarke, Hull, 
Curtis, and Fuller, and wrote many historical notes in the news- 
papers. Some reminiscences of Newton, written by him, were pub- 
lished in S. F. Smith's "History of Newton," pp. 824-829. He 



398 GEORGE WELLMAN WRIGHT 

also published a monograph on "Fishes of Southern Waters," 
which is highly esteemed, and several articles on fishing, in 
" Forest and Stream," and in the magazines. He fished on the 
Florida coast until eighty-three years old, when his infirmities, 
but not his inclination, compelled him to stop. He was the 
author of several articles in historical magazines on the surren- 
der of Detroit, in which he showed from documentary evidence 
that the action of General Hull was deserving of praise rather 
than of blame, as it averted an Indian massacre of the scattered 
settlers of Michigan. He was a member of the Massachusetts 
chapter of the Cincinnati, in descent from General Hull. 

He was a man of very wide and varied information, and never 
forgot anything he had read or heard. His familiar letters and 
conversation showed such genial humor, and were always so 
interesting and instructive, that those who knew him wished 
that he had published more. But his favorite saying was "all 
books are too long." He was a good husband and father, and a 
faithful friend, beloved and respected by all who knew him. 



GEORGE WELLMAN WRIGHT 

George Wellman Wright, a member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society since 1889, died at his residence 
in Duxbury, Massachusetts, March 6, 1897. He was born 
August 22, 1824, in Boston, son of John Stratton and Mary Rus- 
sell (Wellman) Wright. He was a descendant in the eighth 
generation of the immigrant, Deacon Samuel Wright, who, born 
in London, England, was one of the early settlers in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, served on the first jury impaneled in that town, 
December 14, 1639, and died in Northampton, in the same State, 
October 19, 1665. The father, John Stratton Wright, for a whole 
generation a well-known merchant in Boston, and distinguished 
for his integrity, ability, and large success in mercantile life, was 



GEORGE WELLMAN WRIGHT 399 

bom June 30, 1788, at Plainfield, New Hampshire, and died 
June 29, 1874, at Brookline, Massachusetts. He married, Octo- 
ber 14, 1812, Mary Russell Wellman, who was born December 13, 
1792, at Piermont, New Hampshire, daughter of a distinguished 
physician, Dr. Samuel Wellman, and his wife, Esther Steele 
(Russell) Wellman. John S. Wright was himself also the son of 
an able physician, Dr. Ebenezer Wright, who was born April 11, 
1756, at Rockingham, Vermont, and died October 28, 1798, at 
Plainfield, New Hampshire, where he had practiced in his pro- 
fession. Dr. Wright married, May 27, 1781, at Cornish, New 
Hampshire, Martha Wellman, who was born in Sutton, 2d Parish 
(now Millbury), Massachusetts, August 11, 1763, and died No- 
vember 5, 1839, at Hanover, New Hampshire. She was sister 
of Dr. Samuel Wellman, of Piermont, New Hampshire, and 
daughter of Rev. James Wellman, who graduated at Harvard 
College in 1744, and was the first minister settled in the 2d Parish 
of Sutton, Massachusetts, and the first minister settled in Cor- 
nish, New Hampshire. 

George W. Wright was also a descendant, through his mother, 
Mary Russell (Wellman) Wright, of Hon. William Whiting, 
treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut, 1641-47; and of his 
son, Rev. John Whiting, who served as chaplain in King Philip's 
War; likewise of Rev. John Russell, who succored for a time the 
regicides, Goffe and Whalley, who acted as judges in the condem- 
nation of Charles I, and afterwards fled to this country. Mr. 
Wright's grandfather, Dr. Ebenezer Wright, served in the Revo- 
lutionary War, and other ancestors of his served in the French 
and Indian wars. 

After finishing his education, Mr. Wright entered the office of 
his father's firm, " Parks, Wright, and Company," in Boston, 
where he remained until 1849, when he went to New York, and 
founded the house of Dale and Wright. In 1859, on the death 
of his brother Joseph at New Orleans, he succeeded him as pur- 
chaser of cotton for mills and shipment, under the name of George 
W. Wright and Company, of New Orleans and Memphis, and he 
represented the firm of John S. and Eben Wright, of Boston and 



400 GEORGE WELLMAN WRIGHT 

New York. After a time, however, he retired from business, 
secured a beautiful estate in Duxbury, Massachusetts, which he 
made more beautiful, and there he resided with his family the 
remainder of his life. 

Mr. Wright married, October 12, 1858, Georgeanna Buckham, 
of New York City, daughter of George Buckham, Esquire, a 
prominent lawyer in New York, and Anna (Traphagen) Buck- 
ham, his wife. Mr. Wright's wife, a son, and two daughters, 
survived him. 

One who knew Mr. Wright well has written of him as follows : 
"Of an impulsive temperament, Mr. Wright as a young man 
entered into business and social life with great earnestness, and 
during his residence in New York, Boston, New Orleans, and 
abroad, made many friends. He had pleasant club and other 
associations, but upon retiring from business he relinquished 
many of these, and his strong domestic tendencies became domi- 
nant. Locating in Duxbury, Massachusetts, many years ago, 
his thought was bestowed upon the development and beautify- 
ing of his home, and making it more attractive to his family and 
their guests, to whom he dispensed the hospitality of the genial 
host that he was. 

"Mr. Wright identified himself with the best interests of the 
town, and to his influence were largely due the improvement of 
roads, the introduction of the telephone, the building of a bridge 
greatly needed, and other material developments, while in all 
intellectual and moral activities he was liberal with his means 
and personal encouragement. 

" For many years he was unable to travel or read much, owing 
to failing eyesight, but his delight was to follow up the improve- 
ments which he desired for the embellishment of his home and 
the comfort of his family. Mr. Wright was of a reticent dispo- 
sition, a good listener, and, when occasion required, ready to 
assume responsibility. To his employees about the place he was 
considerate and kind, and in his charities thoughtful and gen- 
erous. He has left a good name to his family, which is better 
than material resources." 



LUTHER FARNHAM 401 



LUTHER FARNHAM 

Luther Farnham, of Boston, a Life Member, was a son of 
Ephraim Farnham, of Concord, New Hampshire, and his wife, 
Sarah Brown. He was born in Concord, February 5, 1816, and 
died in Boston, March 15, 1897. He prepared for college at the 
Kimball Union Academy, in Meriden, New Hampshire, and was 
graduated at Dartmouth College in the class of 1837. He was 
principal of the academy at Limerick, Maine, for one year, and 
for a short time assistant teacher at the academy at Pembroke, 
New Hampshire. He studied divinity at the Theological Semi- 
nary at Andover, Massachusetts, graduating in 1841. He was 
licensed to preach August 9, 1842, at Concord, New Hampshire, 
by the Hopkinton Association. He was ordained pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Northfield, Massachusetts, November 
20, 1844. In 1845 he removed to Boston, where he resided till 
his death. "For some years he supplied, for brief periods, 
churches in the vicinity of Boston. He was assistant editor of 
'Christian Alliance,' 1845-47, was the Boston correspondent of 
the 'New York Journal of Commerce,' for twelve years previ- 
ous to 1861, and was a frequent contributor to the 'Massachu- 
setts Ploughman,' 'Boston Post,' 'Puritan Recorder,' and 
'New York Observer.' 

"He was secretary to the Southern Aid Society, 1853-56. It 
is stated that he first suggested the establishment in Boston of 
alumni associations of Dartmouth College and Kimball Union 
Academy." * 

Rev. Mr. Farnham will best be remembered for his work in 
building up the General Theological Library. The corporation 
owes its existence to an able article which appeared in the spring 
of 1859 in the Boston "Courier." The article bore the signature 

* "Andover Theological Seminary Necrology," 1896-97, p. 244. 



402 LUTHER FARNHAM 

of "Philobiblus," but is known to have been written by Rev. 
Charles Burroughs, D.D., of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 
Through the influence of this communication a meeting was held 
in Mercantile Hall, Boston, on April 9, 1860, for the purpose of 
organizing such a library. This was the first meeting in behalf 
of the society, of which records are preserved, though there had 
been one or two meetings earlier. At this meeting about twenty 
persons were present. Rev. Dr. Burroughs presided. Mr. Farn- 
ham was one of those who attended. Dr. Burroughs presented 
a written report of a form of a constitution prepared by him in 
behalf of a committee previously appointed. At the next meet- 
ing, April 20, the library was legally organized and Rev. Dr. 
Burroughs was chosen president. Mr. Farnham was one of the 
seven members named in the instrument incorporating the insti- 
tution. 

The first report of the directors was written by Mr. Farnham 
and was presented at the annual meeting, April 20, 1863. From 
that report is made the following extract: "A person [Rev. 
Luther Farnham] whose name is among the seven employed to 
legally incorporate the General Theological Library, about six 
years ago suggested to a friend [John Ward Dean] the need of an 
extensive theological library to be established in Boston. He 
presented to him the leading features of such an institution, 
which were similar to those embraced by this library; and his 
mind was led to those considerations by the dearth of theological 
literature in the public libraries of Boston, and by his own need 
of such a collection of books as a student and writer." 

Mr. Farnham was chosen secretary of this association, and held 
the office of secretary and librarian till his death. Rev. Edmund 
F. Slafter, D.D., wrote to Rev. C. C. Carpenter concerning Mr. 
Farnham's work in behalf of the library : " The death of the late 
Rev. Mr. Farnham will be a great loss to the General Theological 
Library. His life for many years was identified with its strug- 
gles and its success. Feeble in its beginning, slow in its growth, 
it has finally become an important and, indeed, a necessary insti- 
tution. Mr. Farnham's hand may be seen in every stage of its 



LUTHER FARNHAM 403 

progress. He was emphatically the father of the corporation. 
He had the sagacity to plan, the wisdom to organize, and 
the energy and zeal to carry forward the work in the presence of 
obstacles which, to most men, would have been insuperable. He 
saw far beyond the obstacles that lay in his path. He knew that 
they were temporary and would soon pass away, as the porten- 
tous clouds that gather on a summer's day. He seemed to see in 
the distant future a great library, rich in its manifold depart- 
ments of learning, the ingathering of sacred literatures of all 
time and in all languages, offering to the scholar the best thought 
and the achievements of the profoundest study in the whole 
circle of theological science. For this object Mr. Farnham labored 
on, year after year, dignified, courteous, self -poised, turning neither 
to the right hand nor to the left, removing the obstacles in his 
immediate presence, and always making a clear and well-defined 
progress in his undertaking. Thus he laid the foundation and 
reared the superstructure of our Theological Library as it exists 
to-day in Boston. When the ideal of a great library, as he saw it, 
shall be realized, as it doubtless will be, the credit and the honor 
of laying its foundation will be justly given to the Rev. Luther 
Farnham." * 

Mr. Farnham published "A Glance at Public Libraries," 
Boston, 1855; and a " Sermon before the First Battalion of Mas- 
sachusetts V. M.," 1852. He was elected a Resident Member of 
this Society in 1853, and was made a Life Member in 1879. He 
was chosen recording secretary in 1854, and held the office till 
his resignation in 1856. 

On June 25, 1845, Mr. Farnham was married to Mrs. Eugenia 
Frink Alexander, daughter of Deacon Levi Fay, and widow of 
Francis Alexander, of Northfield, Massachusetts. She died May 
22, 1892. Their only son died in 1854, at the age of eight years. 

*Rev. C. C. Carpenter's "Necrology of Andover Theological Seminary," 
1896-97, p. 244. 

A memoir of Mr. Farnham, by John Ward Dean, A.M., was published in 
the Register, vol. lii, pp. 405-408. 



404 JAMES FREDERICK DUDLEY 



JAMES FREDERICK DUDLEY 

James Frederick Dudley, a Resident Member of this Society 
from 1893, was the son of John and Elizabeth L. (Ilsley) Dudley , 
of Hampden, Maine, in which town he was born February 1, 
1841. His immigrant ancestor was Thomas Dudley , who suc- 
ceeded John Winthrop as governor of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony in 1634, and was elected to the same office in 1640, 1645, 
and 1650; the line of descent being as f olio ws : Thomas 1 , Samuel 2 , 
Stephen 3 , James 4 , Samuel 5 , James 6 , John 7 , James Frederick 8 . 
He was liberally educated, having been a graduate of Bowdoin 
College in the class of 1865, and began his active career in life as 
principal of an academy in his native town. He went thence to 
Thomaston, Maine, where he had charge of the public high 
school. 

After a few years' experience in teaching, he deemed it wise to 
abandon that vocation and engage in underwriting, as a business 
better suited to his tastes and ambition. Pursuant thereto he 
obtained a situation in the local insurance agency of B. F. Blake, 
at Bangor, Maine, where he displayed such an aptitude for the 
work in hand and such executive ability in prosecuting that 
work, that in 1875 he was offered the position of special agent 
of the iEtna Insurance Company, of Hartford, Connecticut, for 
the State of Pennsylvania, which offer he accepted. At a later 
date his field of service was transferred to eastern New York, 
when he established an office at Albany and took up his residence 
there. 

At the expiration of ten years, being, as he said, " tired of trav- 
eling and of the separation from his family necessitated by the 
nature of his duties," he left the service of the iEtna to become 
assistant manager of the North British and Mercantile Insurance 
Company. In September, 1888, he was recalled to the former 



JAMES FREDERICK DUDLEY 405 

company, having been elected its assistant secretary, and four 
years afterward was promoted to the office of secretary. In 
December, 1893, he was chosen a director and vice-president of 
the company, positions which he continued to hold till the time 
of his decease — that event occurring suddenly at New Orleans, 
Louisiana, March 19, 1897. The marked prosperity and growth 
of the Mtna were said to have been largely due to his influence 
in the management of its affairs. His colleagues record their 
estimate of his personal qualities and worth in the following 
terms: "He was an unusually competent underwriter, a student 
in the business, whose opinions and counsels were sought, an 
excellent executive, a true friend of the many, of high Christian 
character, a loved and trusted associate, public spirited, and 
most loyally devoted to the welfare of this company." 

Mr. Dudley was a highly esteemed and repeatedly honored 
citizen of Hartford, Connecticut, his place of residence during 
the latter portion of his life. He held the office of director in the 
Farmers and Mechanics National Bank and in the Connecticut 
River Banking Company, and was a member of the Board of 
Park Commissioners. 

He married, December 30, 1869, Nettie S. Reade, of Thomas- 
ton, Maine, who bore him one child, Clara Louisa, September 9, 
1876. Both wife and daughter survived him. 



406 DARWIN ERASTUS WARE 



DARWIN ERASTUS WARE 

Darwin Erastus Ware, a Resident Member, elected in 1891, 
was born in Salem, Massachusetts, February 11, 1831, and died 
at his home, 237 Marlborough Street, Boston, April 2, 1897. He 
prepared for college at the public schools of Salem and gradu- 
ated in the class of 1852. Later he graduated from the Law 
School. He was admitted to the Bar in 1856, and established 
a large legal practice. He served in the State Legislature and 
Senate. He was a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard 
University for many years. Mr. Ware practiced extensively 
in the United States courts, standing high as an authority on the 
Federal laws concerning customs, revenue, and shipping. As an 
authority in these matters, he received recognition from the 
United States Secretary of the Treasury, McCulloch, in 1866, when 
the latter appointed him one of the two commissioners for the 
codification of the customs revenue and shipping laws. Mr. 
Ware served on this commission from 1866 to 1874, when he 
resigned. He continued actively in the profession of law, and 
during twenty years was among the most respected as well as 
the most accomplished gentlemen of the American Bar and 
Boston Bar associations. During the administration of Presi- 
dent Hayes Mr. Ware became one of the most zealous advo- 
cates for the reform in civil service, and was among the pioneers 
who organized the Civil Service Reform Association, and was 
one of its earliest presidents. He was also active in the organi- 
zation of the New England Reform League, as well as the Mas- 
sachusetts Tariff Reform Club. He was prominent in several 
literary and charitable organizations, ever regarding the wel- 
fare of the unfortunate as well as the favored. He was married, 
May 26, 1868, to Adelaide Francis Dickey, who, with a son, 
Richard D. Ware, Esq., survived his decease. He ever regarded 
the history of New England with delight. 



GEORGE AUGUSTUS KENDALL 407 



GEORGE AUGUSTUS KENDALL 

George Augustus Kendall, a Resident Member, elected in 
1886, died at Newton, Massachusetts, April 8, 1897. He was a 
son of George Augustus and Cordelia (Richards) Kendall, and 
was born in Temple Place, Boston, July 8, 1840, though subse- 
quently the family lived in Pemberton Square. He was a de- 
scendant from Francis 1 Kendall, of Woburn, through Thomas 2 , 
Lieutenant Samuel 3 , Jonas 4 , Abel 5 , George Augustus 6 , his father. 
One of his earliest recollections was of a visit to China when he 
was four years old. His father had retired from business with a 
competency, and being in poor health chartered a vessel for a 
voyage to China, on the advice of his physician, and took his 
family with him. His father wished him to go to college and 
placed him in the classical and mathematical school of William 
H. Brooks, of Boston, but on account of the death of his father, 
in 1854, his plans were changed, and he did not enter college. 
In 1856 he entered the employ of J. M. Beebe, Richardson, and 
Company, but broke down in health and was obliged to leave. 
He went to Colorado in 1860, and traveled extensively in that 
and other territories. When the Civil War broke out he raised 
the larger part of Company C of the First Colorado Infantry, 
but did not enter the service, as on account of his physical 
condition he was not approved by the surgeon. His health 
improved, and he came East and spent two years in Chicago, 
and later accepted a position in New York, but he broke down 
again. In 1880 he and George W. McCrillis organized the firm 
of McCrillis and Kendall, wholesale dealers in feathers, curled 
hair, etc., Boston, and in that business he continued till his 
decease. 

In 1873 he was married to Achsah Hawes Stone, daughter of 
Dr. Ebenezer Stone, of Walpole, and a descendant of Gregory 
Stone, by whom he had three children, Edith Stone, George 



408 JOHN FOSTER 

Augustus, and Charles Faulkner Kendall. For several years he 
resided in Walpole, and took much interest in local matters, 
being for six years chairman of the Board of Trustees of the 
public library. In 1884 he removed to Jamaica Plain, where he 
resided with his family till two or three years before his death, 
when he removed to Newton. 



JOHN FOSTER 

John Foster was born at Hudson, New Hampshire, Decem- 
ber 30, 1817, and died after a long illness at his residence, 25 
Marlborough Street, Boston, April 9, 1897. 

He was the son of John and Lucy (Hastings) Foster. His 
parents soon removing to Warner, New Hampshire, he resided 
there till 1836, when, seeking a business start in Boston, he 
entered a wholesale grocery store, and in 1839 began in this city, 
with Horace B. Taylor, a grocery firm under the name of Foster 
and Taylor. Later this became a firm for general merchandise, 
remaining unchanged till 1871, when it was dissolved and the 
partners retired from active business, having both become 
wealthy and interested in holding real estate in Boston. 

The retirement of this old firm from its general business after 
thirty-two years' continuous existence was the subject of favor- 
able comment in the various daily papers, for the sagacious and 
successful management of its affairs from the start. There was 
an honorable liberality and unflinching energy about it that 
enabled it to sustain even unsuccessful enterprises, as evidence 
the following : — 

" Foster and Taylor, owners under foreclosure of mortgages 
of a block of houses in Tremont Street, between Dedham and 
Canton streets, having realized and secured to themselves the 
full amount of their advances of $79,000, with interest and all 
charges, have presented a surplus to the undersigned amount- 



JOHN FOSTER 409 

ing to $21,660.53, which covers in full our losses, for labor and 
materials, by the failure of the builder of said houses. 

Boston, June 1, 1867. 'Wm. Washburn' and 12 others." 

No other explanation is necessary than to say that the houses 
named were built during the early years of the Civil War, and 
they would have sold at the time of the foreclosure for a sum 
sufficient to have amply secured the owners for all advances and 
charges, yet through their large means and larger hearts they 
persisted in holding them until they should realize a fair value 
and accomplish the result above stated. This was not an excep- 
tional act of like character, even on a larger scale, by the same 
parties. 

Thus two country lads, the senior from Warner, New Hamp- 
shire, and the junior from Newfane, Vermont, who became room- 
mates by accident in "Old Father Colburn's" boarding-house 
on Howard Street, Boston, in 1837, after two years of city life, 
without backers, and comparatively without money, formed a 
copartnership which made both eminent Boston merchants. 

Mr. Foster was an original stockholder and director in the 
Exchange Bank. The development of old Broad Street into 
large granite warehouses was due greatly to his energy and 
example. In business and private life his manners were par- 
ticularly affable. Current charities and art interests found in 
him a liberal patron. He was interested also in the success and 
enlargement of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and 
gave a considerable contribution towards erecting one of its 
buildings. He gave $5,000 by will to the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, and made other public bequests, amount- 
ing to $121,000, as follows: $30,000 to the City of Boston to 
erect a statue to the late William Ellery Channing; $3,000 to the 
town of Warner, New Hampshire, and a similar amount to the 
Congregational Society of that town; $5,000 to the town of 
Hudson, New Hampshire, and $5,000 to each of the following: 
Home for Aged Men, Home for Aged Women, Warren Street 
Chapel, Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals, Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 



410 THOMAS LARKIN TURNER 

to Children, Boston Training School for Nurses connected with 
the Massachusetts General Hospital, Perkins Institute for the 
Blind; $10,000 was left to each of the following: Boston Young 
Men's Christian Union, Institute of Technology, and Massachu- 
setts General Hospital. Mr. Foster was a Life Member of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, to which he was 
elected January 6, 1869. 

He was a descendant in the seventh generation of Reginald 
Foster, of Ipswich. For the particulars of his genealogy, see a 
notice of his half brother, Hon. Herman Foster, of Manchester, 
New Hampshire, in the Register for July, 1875 (29: 322). Mr. 
Foster married, in 1843, Harriet Sanford, of Boston, who died 
in 1885. A son and daughter died in 1851. One daughter, Miss 
Fannie Foster, survived. 

A sketch of the life of John Foster, Esq., of Boston, by William R. Cutter, 
A.M., was published in the Register, vol. li, pp. 436-437. 



THOMAS LARKIN TURNER 

Thomas Larkin Turner was born in Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, August 17, 1812. He was the son of Captain Larkin 
and Sally (Gould) Turner, of Lexington, Massachusetts. Cap- 
tain Larkin 8 was the son of Joshua 7 and Lydia (Drury) Turner, 
the line of Turner ancestry being through Joseph 6 , three Ja- 
pheths 5 , 4 , 3 , and a John 2 , to Humphrey 1 , who came to Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, from England, about 1630. Captain Larkin 
Turner, a man of singular force of character, master of a ship 
at the age of twenty-two, visited, during his career of forty 
years, as merchant and captain, nearly all parts of the world. 

Thomas Larkin Turner entered Harvard College at the age of 
sixteen, but left to complete his studies with the well-known Dr. 
Hurd, of Charlestown. At twenty he sailed to the East Indies 
in one of " Billy" Gray's famous East India merchantmen under 






THOMAS LARKIN TURNER 411 

his father's command. On his second voyage, which was in the 
"Henry Ibank," the captain becoming insane, Mr. Turner was 
made second executive officer of the ship. During the years 
which followed he visited many foreign countries ; his keen obser- 
vation and retentive memory both alert to store his mind with 
an accumulation of knowledge possessed by but few. 

Upon his return he studied surveying with Felton, one of the 
best-known surveyors of that time. On finishing his course he 
was sent to superintend the laying out of a government road 
through Georgia, and so gained a deep insight into southern life. 

Many years later, when there was a great discussion about the 
best mode of going from Charlestown to Boston, he drew plans 
for a tunnel which was to have passed under Charles River. At 
one time the adoption of these plans was seriously considered, 
but they were finally laid aside as incurring too great expense. 

Returning to his earliest choice of profession, that of medicine, 
we find him registered in the Boston Directory, in 1839, and for 
twenty years after, as a druggist on Cambridge Street, and sub- 
sequently, for almost as long a period, on Tremont Street. Dur- 
ing this time he manufactured many well-known proprietary 
medicines, and was one of the best-known men at the West End 
among business, professional, and literary people. 

His first marriage was with Elizabeth Deffiner Whiton, daugh- 
ter of Royal Whiton, of Hingham, April 3, 1843. She died in 
December, 1879, and in 1881 he married Sara A. Loomis (daugh- 
ter of Daniel Loomis, of Braintree, Vermont), who died April 13, 
1896. 

From 1843 to 1891 his home was on or near Beacon Hill in 
Boston. In 1891 he removed to North Weymouth, where, until 
his death, April 10, 1897, he spent his time in quiet retirement 
with his books, and in the loved companionship of his niece, Miss 
Mary A. Flint, who for eight years filled the place of a daughter 
in the home. 

Dr. Turner was warmly interested in New England history 
and genealogy, and was for many years an active and honored 
member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. He 



412 THOMAS LARKIN TURNER 

had a peculiar fondness for anything relating to the family 
history of the Turners, and his library contained a valuable col- 
lection of publications by those of that name, both here and 
abroad. During his untiring research of fifty years he collected 
and preserved a vast amount of information in regard to the 
family, and also in regard to the history of Boston, its homes 
and its people. His neat and careful arrangement, the accuracy 
of his statements and the legibility of his characteristic hand- 
writing, made his manuscripts, interspersed as they were with 
carefully mounted illustrations, of much value. 

Dr. Turner became a member of the Massachusetts Pharma- 
ceutical Association in 1853; he was the oldest member of the 
Boston Fusileer Veteran Association; a member of the St. John's 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of Boston, and a thirty-second 
degree Mason, Scottish rite. 

Such, in brief, are some of the facts in regard to the varied life 
of a man of rare ability and experience. The world is richer for 
his life and labor, and many a man and woman is nobler for 
having had him as a friend 



JOHN RUGGLES 413 



JOHN RUGGLES 

John Ruggles, son of John and Betsey (Wadsworth) Ruggles, 
of Milton, Massachusetts, was born in that town May 28, 1816, 
and died in Brookline, Massachusetts, April 29, 1897. 

Inheriting from his parents a healthy mental and moral con- 
stitution, he was favorably conditioned by nature to build for 
himself a true and noble character, and to gain the honors of a 
useful and meritorious career. Refined and scholarly tastes were 
early manifested in him, producing habits of study which, under 
wise guidance in the home and at school, enabled him to enter 
Harvard College when but sixteen years of age, graduating in 
1836. "A conscientious, diligent, persistent student," he be- 
came qualified for effective service as an educator and dis- 
ciplinarian for many years afterward, in which he achieved 
praiseworthy success. 

His first experience in teaching was at Marblehead, Massachu- 
setts, where he was principal of the academy a few years, going 
thence to Brighton, Massachusetts, to take charge of the high 
school of that town. There, with the exception of a brief period 
spent in a similar position at Taunton, he remained till 1860, 
when he resigned for the purpose of entering upon duties con- 
nected with the management of the National City Bank, of 
Boston, in the performance of which duties he continued until 
he reached the age of seventy years. He then retired, to spend 
the remainder of his earthly days in the comparative freedom 
and quietude of domestic and social life, under circumstances 
well calculated to contribute to his contentment, comfort, and 
happiness. 

The literary and scholastic attainments of Mr. Ruggles ob- 
tained a wide and honorable recognition. He was called to serve 
on the examining committee of his alma mater, and was a mem- 



414 JOHN EUGGLES 

ber of the Harvard Phi Beta Kappa Society. He was elected 
to the school boards of Milton, Brighton, and Brookline, and 
held important connections with the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. On February 15, 1860, he became a Resident 
Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. For 
some time he filled the office of president of the Brighton Savings 
Bank. In every position of responsibility and trust occupied by 
him, as in the less obtrusive walks of private life, he was an 
example of fidelity, integrity, and honor. 

Mr. Ruggles married, in 1844, Mary Louisa, daughter of the 
Hon. Stephen P. Gardner, of Bolton, Massachusetts, by whom 
he had two children: a son, John, who died December 4, 1866, 
aged sixteen years; and a daughter, Mary G., who died February 
8, 1867, aged nineteen. His domestic ties were very strong and 
tender. The loss of his children, on whom he lavished his heart's 
warmest affections, caused him profound grief, from the effects 
of which he never fully recovered. 

He was a man of sympathetic and generous nature, ever hos- 
pitable and humane, a cheerful benefactor of the suffering poor, 
and a willing contributor to the causes of philanthropy and 
reform. The judicious and liberal bequests he made to benevo- 
lent and charitable institutions were but indications of a pre- 
dominant trait in his character. 

Nor were his religious instincts and impulses less active and 
commanding as forces to mold and animate his daily, constant 
life. He was an esteemed and influential member of the First 
(Unitarian) Parish, of Brighton, much interested in church work 
and in the Sunday-School, of which he was for a long time super- 
intendent. 



CALEB DAVIS BRADLEE 415 



CALEB DAVIS BRADLEE 

Caleb Davis Bradlee was elected a member of this Society 
in 1856, and became a Life Member in 1867. He was born in 
Boston, February 24, 1831. His birthplace was a house on 
Avon Place, now Avon Street, the site now covered by a part 
of the store of Jordan and Marsh. Mr. Bradlee's parents were 
Samuel Bradlee and Elizabeth Davis (Williams) Bradlee, 
daughter of Jeremiah Williams. Both parents were born and 
reared in Boston. 

Caleb Davis Bradlee was baptized in Hollis Street Church by 
Rev. John Pierpont, March 26, 1831. In childhood he attended 
a private school kept by a Miss Bacon, but at five years of age 
entered the preparatory department of the Chauncy Hall School, 
where he continued for twelve years, with the exception of a few 
months, when he was the pupil of the Rev. Richard Pike, of Dor- 
chester. He graduated from Harvard College in the class of 
1852, and having spent a year and a half in the Divinity School, 
completed his preparation for the ministry under Rev. F. D. Hunt- 
ington, D.D., and Rev. Rufus Ellis, D.D. Mr. Bradlee began to 
preach under a license from the Boston Association of Ministers, 
in 1854, supplying several pulpits at different times, and in Sep- 
tember of that year he was called to the Allen Street Church, 
of North Cambridge, over which he was ordained December 11, 
1854, and served until December 6, 1857. After his first pas- 
torate he did not for several years settle again, but supplied 
many different pulpits, much of his ministry in this time being 
a " labor of love." The North and South End missions, Plymouth, 
Fall River, Nantucket, and Sterling, were some of his supplies. 
Mr. Bradlee was always deeply interested in historical matters, 
and after he joined this Society, was earnest and serviceable in 
its activities, being corresponding secretary for several years, and 



416 CALEB DAVIS BRADLEE 

holding other important positions. His regard for this Society 
was practically shown later by a gift to it in his will of $500. In 
1861 he took charge of the Unitarian Church at East Boston in 
the absence of Rev. Warren II . Cud worth for three years at the 
war. His next pastorate was over a newly organized society at 
the South End, Boston, called "The Church of the Redeemer, 
and lasted from April 6, 1864, to April 22, 1872. 

After Mr. Bradlee's father died, in 1867, he became possessed 
of ample means to live in luxury and ease. Such a life was not, 
however, to his mind. He required only a modest and frugal 
living for himself, while he spent himself and most of his means 
in various ways of charity and benevolence. He was called to 
the Christian Unity Society, June 7, 1872, accepted, and was 
installed as permanent pastor, April 2, 1873, holding the office 
until July 1, 1875. June 4, 1876, he became pastor of the " Harri- 
son Square Society," and labored with untiring zeal and great 
success until the society had grown beyond his strength, and he 
resigned his place so far as constant work and reception of a salary 
were concerned, while he remained senior pastor, with the Rev. 
William R. Lord as junior pastor. This new arrangement began 
October 29, 1887, and terminated at Mr. Bradlee's request, June 
1, 1890. Dr. Bradlee soon began new labors with a small move- 
ment on Norfolk Street, Dorchester, where he soon built up an 
active society, erected a fine chapel, and held the office until he 
had prepared it for another, and then, March 10, 1892, resigned. 
The state of his health now enforced a rest, but he was active 
again in April, 1893, when he began to organize the movement 
in Longwood, which, after several years of earnest work and 
sacrifice, resulted in a strong society. In May, 1897, his fast 
failing strength made it necessary to resign this, the last ministry 
of his life. 

Dr. Bradlee was greatly interested in historical societies, and 
was a member of a great number, in both America and Europe. 
He was very generous in his donations to public institutions, to 
libraries, hospitals, and all charitable institutions. The Home 
for Aged Couples was particularly dear to him, and he was con- 



CALEB DAVIS BRADLEE 417 

stant in his help to its support and enlargement. He was a life- 
long member of the Boston Association of Ministers, and mod- 
erator for some time. He published many single discourses, and 
in his last years two handsome volumes of sermons. Many 
poems also came from his pen. The prescribed limits of this 
memorial cannot admit a tenth part of the simple facts of so 
full, generous, and useful a life as his was. His loving sacrifice 
lives on in the churches and other institutions he gave himself 
to upbuild, and his faithful friendship abides in hundreds of 
lives which have felt its touch. Harvard University conferred 
on him the degrees of A.B. and A.M. ; Galesville (Wisconsin) Uni- 
versity in 1888, the degree of D.D. and Ph.D., and Tufts College, 
in 1891, the degree of D.D. A complete and detailed life of Dr. 
Bradlee, written by Rev. Alfred Manchester, has been published.* 

Dr. Bradlee married, June 7, 1855, Caroline Gay, of Boston, by 
whom he had three children, two of whom died in infancy. Mrs. 
Eliza Williams (Bradlee) Smith, wife of Walter C. Smith, with 
her mother, survived him. Dr. Bradlee was active to the last 
day of his life, and then, Saturday, May 1, 1897, he passed sud- 
denly and unexpectedly, but peacefully, to the higher life. 

* Vide Register, vol. Hi, pp. 153-162. 



418 ROBERT SEWELL 



ROBERT SEWELL 

Robert Sewell, made a Corresponding Member in 1896, 
died in New York City, May 1, 1897. He was a son of Thomas 
and Isabella Eleanor (Joyce) Sewell, and was born in Castlebar, 
County of Mayo, Ireland, October 2, 1831. 

His father and his grandfather, Thomas Sewell, were born in 
Cumberland County, England. His mother's father, William 
Butler Joyce, was some time a captain in the Fifth Dragoon 
Guards of the English Army. 

Robert Sewell was educated in the grammar school, and took 
a course of modern languages at Queen's College, Belfast. He 
came to this country in 1850, was naturalized, March, 1856, 
and was admitted to the Bar, May 15, 1860. During two years 
of the late war he was on the staff of Governor Oldens, of New 
Jersey, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, his principal duty 
being to take charge of the wounded soldiers coming from the 
army and assign them to hospitals. After that he practiced at 
the New York Bar, and was a lawyer of prominence and one 
of the founders of the New York City Association of the Bar. 
For many years he was connected with the New York 
Mutual Life Insurance Company as one of its trustees and its 
counsel. 

He was a member of the Union League and an ardent sports- 
man, dividing his spare time between fishing, shooting, and 
literary pursuits. In July, 1885, the College of New Jersey con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. He 
held no public office, but was the author of a " Treatise on the 
Pension Laws" and "Titles to the Beds of Ponds and Streams 
in the State of New York." 

His only brother, William Joyce Sewell, of Camden, New 
Jersey, who came to this country with him, became brevet 



JOHN LOWELL 419 

major-general of United States Volunteers, and is now serving 
his second term in the United States Senate from New Jersey. 

April 24, 1860, Robert Sewell was married to Sarah Van Vorst, 
daughter of Cornelius and Sarah (Brower) Van Vorst, of Van Vorst, 
New Jersey, and seventh in descent from the emigrant of the same 
name who came to this country in 1640. Their children were 
Robert Van Vorst Sewell, born May 9, 1861, and Cornelius Van 
Vorst Sewell, born February 13, 1865. They resided at No. 48 
West 45th Street, New York City, and had a summer residence 
at Tarrytown, where they spent about six months of the year. 

Mr. Sewell's wife and sons survived him, the oldest son being 
an artist residing at Tangier, Morocco. 



JOHN LOWELL 

John Lowell, a member of this Society since 1891, was born 
in Boston, October 18, 1824, and died in Brookline, Massachu- 
setts, May 14, 1897. He was one of the most distinguished 
jurists in New England, and came from a family that has been 
eminent in the law and in the defense of human rights ever since 
the second John Lowell, when a delegate to the convention that 
framed the constitution of Massachusetts, insisted upon the 
incorporation therein of the clause "all men are born free and 
equal." Later the Supreme Court of Massachusetts held that 
this clause was of legal force, and slavery was abolished in Mas- 
sachusetts because this eminent lawyer was shrewd enough to 
rightly read the trend of events and persistent enough to have 
his interpretation adopted. 

The first John Lowell was the first minister of Newburyport. 
He died in 1767. The second John Lowell was born at Newbury- 
port, June 17, 1743, and died at Roxbury in 1802. The third 
John Lowell, born at Newburyport, October 6, 1769, graduated 
at Harvard in 1786. There are many reasons why the name of 



420 JOHN LOWELL 

this John Lowell will be remembered in Massachusetts. It was 
largely through him that the Boston Athenaeum was founded. A 
good naturalist himself, he was the associate and correspondent 
of the most eminent naturalists of this country and of Europe. 
In the next generation came John Lowell, Jr., who founded the 
Lowell Institute in Boston, and endowed it so amply that it has 
been enabled to carry out the noble work which he planned. 
John Amory Lowell, who died in 1881, was the father of Judge 
Lowell, and was another conspicuous member of this distin- 
guished family, and was one of Boston's most respected and 
cultivated merchants. During his life he managed the Lowell 
Institute, and it was while doing so that he persuaded Mr. 
Agassiz to come to this country. 

Judge Lowell, the subject of this memoir, was educated in the 
private school of Daniel G. Ingraham, a noted Boston school 
in its day, and at Harvard College, from which he graduated in 
the class of 1843. He studied law in the Harvard Law School 
(graduating therefrom in 1845), and in the office of Charles G., 
F. C, and C. W. Loring, and in 1846 was admitted to the Suffolk 
Bar. He began the practice of his profession in Boston, and for 
a number of years was associated with William Sohier. In March, 
1865, he was made judge of the District Court of the United 
States by President Lincoln, in place of Judge Sprague, resigned; 
and thirteen years later (December 16, 1878) he was appointed 
by President Hayes justice of the Circuit Court for the first 
circuit, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Judge Shepley. 

In May, 1884, he resigned, and returned to general practice, 
with offices in Boston. After his return to practice his services 
were much sought as referee and special master in important 
cases, his judicial impartiality and ability being widely recog- 
nized. He did not try jury cases, but confined his work to cases 
before a single judge in equity, admiralty, etc., and to argu- 
ments before the Appellate courts of the United States and 
Massachusetts. He also heard many cases as referee and com- 
missioner. He was the leading authority in the United States 
on all questions of bankruptcy and insolvency, and he had in 



JOHN LOWELL 421 

preparation a text-book on this branch of the law, which was to 
have been published by Little and Brown, had the bankruptcy 
bill passed in his lifetime. 

At the meeting of the trustees of the Peabody Fund in New 
York, September 25, 1895, Judge Lowell was elected a member 
of the Board of Trustees of the Peabody Fund, to take the place 
of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop . June 30, 1896, he was appointed 
member of the taxation commission by Acting Governor Wolcott. 

Judge Lowell was personally endeared to every one who came 
in contact with him, either in business or socially. His person- 
ality was unique, inspiring the greatest confidence in his judg- 
ment and uprightness, so that one felt at all times that he was a 
great man in the largest sense. There is no one whose loss will 
be more felt by every one who knew him, and no one had a 
larger acquaintance. He was deeply respected by all his brother 
members of the Bar, not only in Massachusetts, but throughout 
the United States, as his business brought him in contact with 
most of the leading lawyers and judges of the country. His de- 
cisions were of the best, and in several instances, when he was a 
judge in the United States Circuit and District courts, they have 
led the Supreme Court of the United States to reverse former 
decisions. 

What distinguished Judge Lowell as a lawyer among his 
fellows was his simplicity and directness and his unvarying fair- 
ness and equity. He always endeavored to see first what was 
right and just, and then how the law could be applied to accom- 
plish justice and equity. He was most ingenious in adapting 
decisions to the accomplishment of this result. When his first 
volume of decisions was published, one of the best reviewers, 
now an able and distinguished judge, criticised his opinions upon 
the ground that Judge Lowell seemed to have decided upon the 
exception instead of the rule, and that he had not followed other 
decisions as much as was usual, but had decided each case as 
seemed to him right, even though his decision was in conflict 
with others that had gone before. When the second volume of 
Judge Lowell's decisions came out, this same lawyer wrote another 






422 LORENZO SAYLES FAIRBANKS 

review, in which he said that it was refreshing to read Judge 
Lowell's opinions, as they were simple, clear, and were founded 
upon the general principles of the law, but in each case the judge 
had seemed to apply the law in such a way that he did justice 
and equity between man and man, instead of blindly following 
an unimportant precedent. 

Judge Lowell married, May 19, 1853, Lucy B. Emerson , 
daughter of George B. Emerson, LL.D., and Olivia (Buckminster) 
Emerson. They had two sons and two daughters : John Lowell, 
Jr., a member of the Suffolk Bar, and associated with his father 
in practice; James Arnold, graduate of Harvard College, 1894; 
Lucy Buckminster, and Susan, who married William H. Aspinwall. 



LORENZO SAYLES FAIRBANKS 

Lorenzo Sayles Fairbanks, elected a member of this Society 
in 1896, was born in Pepperell, Massachusetts, March 16, 1825, 
and died in Boston, May 22, 1897. He was the son of Joel and 
Abigail (Tufts) Fairbanks and a descendant in the eighth genera- 
tion from Jonathan Fairebanke, who came from Sowerby in the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, England, to Boston in 1633, and in 
1636 settled in Dedham, and built there the noted "Old Fair- 
banks House," which is still standing. The line of descent is 
Jonathan 1 , John 2 , Deacon Joseph 3 , Joseph 4 , John 5 , Abner 6 , a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War, Joel 7 , Lorenzo Sayles 8 . 

The parents of Lorenzo removed in the year of his birth to 
New Boston, New Hampshire, and there he was reared and 
received his early education. He was ambitious to obtain a 
college training, and by virtue of hard work he accomplished 
his desire. He left his farm life and entered Dartmouth College, 
graduating with honor in the class of 1852, having paid all his 
expenses from the beginning of his preparatory course. 

He studied law in New York City, and was admitted to the 



LORENZO SAYLES FAIRBANKS 423 

Bar in 1853. After three years he removed to Iowa, settling in 
Davenport. This step was unfortunate. The times were unpro- 
pitious. The crisis of 1857 was approaching, and, above all, 
the legal profession was overcrowded, and there was but a poor 
opportunity for newcomers, who had no foothold. Very reluc- 
tantly he resolved to leave his profession for the time being. 
Receiving a favorable offer, he went to Philadelphia to take charge 
of an established commercial school. He became a partner at 
the expiration of a year, and he afterward set up an establish- 
ment of his own, with some marked improvements. The suc- 
cess of the new institution was phenomenal. The patronage was 
steadily maintained till he retired from the business in 1868. 
During this period he prepared and published an elaborate 
treatise on bookkeeping, an octavo volume of 444 pages. Sub- 
sequently he published in New York a business arithmetic, con- 
taining some novel features. 

In 1874 he came to Boston, and resumed the practice of his 
profession, which he continued to the time of his decease. He 
was an expert in penmanship, and his testimony as such was 
often relied on in intricate cases in the courts. In 1877 he pub- 
lished a small book on "The Marriage and Divorce Laws of 
Massachusetts," which had a large local sale, and a revised 
edition was issued in 1882. For the last five years of his life he 
was engaged in compiling the "Genealogy of the Fairbanks 
Family in America," an octavo volume of nearly one thousand 
pages, issued after his death. It will be a lasting monument to 
his memory. 

He married, in New York City, May 15, 1856, Sarah Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel S. and Rebecca (Pearl) Heath, of Bradford, 
Massachusetts. His wife died in 1894. He left two daughters, 
Miss Clara Fairbanks and Mrs. Willard Dow, of Braintree, 
Massachusetts. 



424 JOHN BEARSE NEWCOMB 



EDWARD JUDKINS HILL 

Edward Judkins Hill, a Resident Member from 1865, was 
born in Billerica, Massachusetts, December 20, 1833, and died 
in Billerica, May 24, 1897. 

For an obituary notice of Mr. Hill, by Rev. Henry A. Hazen, D.D., see 
Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. lxii-lxiii. 



JOHN BEARSE NEWCOMB 

John Bearse Newcomb was born in Fabius, Onondaga 
County, New York, July 1, 1824, and died in Elgin, Illinois, 
July 2, 1897. He was the son of Obadiah and Molly (Bearse) 
Newcomb, and a descendant in the eighth generation from Cap- 
tain Andrew Newcomb, a shipmaster, who came from England 
before 1663, and married in that year in Boston, Massachusetts, 
his second wife, Grace Rix, a widow. The line of descent is as 
follows: Captain Andrew 1 ; Lieutenant Andrew 2 , a son of Cap- 
tain Andrew by his first wife, whose name is not known ; Simon 3 ; 
Deacon Hezekiah 4 , whose wife and the mother of Peter was 
Jerusha Bradford, great-granddaughter of Governor William 
Bradford, of the Plymouth Colony ; Peter 5 ; William 6 , who served 
nine months in the War of the Revolution; Obadiah 7 ; John 
Bearse 8 . 

The subject of this sketch emigrated with his family in 1837 
to Franklin, Illinois, where his parents died three years later, 
leaving him an orphan at the age of sixteen. He then removed 
to Elgin, Kane County, Illinois. He married, in 1850, Arethusa 
Gould, daughter of Samuel and Patience (Wilbur) Gould, of 



SAMUEL RUSSELL PAYSON 425 

Hanover, Illinois. Mr. Newcomb was connected with the inter- 
ests of education in northern Illinois for nearly thirty years, 
most of the time as teacher or school superintendent. He was 
a member of the Board of Education of the city of Elgin. He 
took much interest in genealogical researches, and was from 1864 
a Corresponding Member of the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society. He published in 1874 a " Genealogical Memoir 
of the Newcomb Family," a volume of six hundred pages. 



SAMUEL RUSSELL PAYSON 

Samuel Russell Payson, of Boston, admitted a Resident 
Member in 1869, became a Life Member, 1871, and died at 
Belmont, Massachusetts, July 12, 1897. He was born in Fox- 
borough, Massachusetts, February 2, 1813, where his father 
was a successful manufacturer. He was a descendant in the 
sixth generation of Edward Payson, first of Roxbury, through 
James 5 , Swift 4 , Rev. Phillips 3 , Samuel 2 , Edward 1 , and was de- 
scended from a long line of ministerial ancestry, as the direct 
line indicates. 

He became a member in early life of the firm of J. C. Howe 
and Company, woolen commission merchants of Boston, a large 
and prosperous house, which went out of business in the fall of 
1873. He was a director of the National City Bank, of Boston, 
in 1864, and its president from 1883 to 1886. He was also one 
of the trustees of the Boston Five Cents Savings Bank. In 1874, 
when the Manchester, New Hampshire, mills were sold, Mr. 
Payson bought them, organizing a new company in which the 
old stockholders were received on advantageous terms, and of 
which he was made president. Under his administration the 
corporation had a most prosperous career. He acquired large 
wealth, and having purchased the famous Cushing estate in 
Watertown, in the part now Belmont, he laid it out on a scale so 



426 SAMUEL RUSSELL PAYSON 

liberal as to attract visitors from all sections. The grounds were 
thrown open to the public, the conservatories became famous 
for their tropical fruits and flowers, and he was a regular ex- 
hibitor at the exhibitions of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society, of which he was a prominent member. Out of distressing 
complications, which grew from a tragic source in 1886, his 
fortune was seriously impaired, and an assignment followed. 
At great personal sacrifice he paid off all his obligations, dollar 
for dollar. He, however, remained at the head of the Manches- 
ter Mills till the death of his son, in 1891, when the connection 
ceased. He disposed of his Belmont estate, now known as Pay- 
son Park, and his faculties becoming impaired, followed by the 
death of his wife, about a year before his own, his cup of sorrow 
seemed to be full. He was a man of the strictest business integ- 
rity, quiet and unostentatious in his habits of life, and had a large 
circle of devoted friends. 

He married Hannah Gilbert Cushing, by whom he had chil- 
dren: Adelaide Eliza and Gilbert Russell, H. U. 1862, died in 
1891, in Watertown. The daughter is the wife of John C. Palfrey, 
of Belmont. 



GEORGE SILSBEE HALE 427 



GEORGE SILSBEE HALE 

George Silsbee Hale was born at Keene, New Hampshire, 
September 24, 1825. His father, Hon. Salma Hale, was a man 
of distinction; a lawyer, editor, and politician; a member of the 
fifteenth Congress, declining a reelection; and the author of a 
History of the United States which passed through many edi- 
tions, not only in this country, but also in England and Scotland. 

Mr. Hale's grandfather served in the Revolution, and his 
grandmother was kin to Mrs. Hannah (Emerson) Dustin, of 
Haverhill fame. His ancestral line, as far as traced, is as follows : 
Thomas Hale 1 and Joan Kirby, of England ; Thomas 2 and Thom- 
asine, who settled at Newbury, Massachusetts, in 1635; Sergeant 
John 3 (born in England) and Sarah Somerby; Henry 4 and Sarah 
Kelley; Edmund 5 and Martha Sawyer; Joseph 6 and Mrs. Abigail 
(Smith) Wire; David 7 and Hannah Emerson; Hon. Salma 8 and 
Sarah Kellogg King; George Silsbee 9 . 

After attending the public schools of his native town, Mr. 
Hale continued his preparatory education at Walpole, Concord, 
and Exeter, New Hampshire, and graduated from Harvard 
College in 1844. He then entered the Cambridge Law School, 
where he remained one year. He was for eighteen months assist- 
ant teacher in a large school for girls at Richmond, Virginia, 
where, having continued his legal studies, he was admitted to the 
Virginia Bar. After an extended foreign tour, he returned to 
Boston, and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar in 1850. In 1885 
Dartmouth College conferred the honorary degree of A.M. 

The many important positions held by Mr. Hale indicate the 
esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens. He was for three 
years a member, two of which he was president, of the Common 
Council, of Boston. He was president of the Board of Trustees 
of Exeter Academy; for seventeen years trustee of the Massa- 



428 GEORGE SILSBEE HALE 

chusetts Asylum for the Blind, having been secretary and 
treasurer of that board, and at the time of his death its first 
vice-president. While overseer of the poor in Boston he was 
appointed chairman of a special commission, whose report on the 
treatment of the poor is a valuable authority on that subject. 
At the time of his death he was president of both the Reform Club 
and the Union Club. 

With inherited literary and historical tastes, he became a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts and the New Hampshire Historical 
societies, the New England Historic Genealogical Society (in 
1866), and the American Social and Statistical Association. 
Eminent in his profession, he edited with others three volumes 
of the Boston Law Reporter and one of the United States Digest, 
and was sole editor of three volumes of the latter. He prepared 
a " Manual for the Overseers of the Poor," a sketch of the " Char- 
ities of Boston," which is preserved in the " Memorial History 
of Boston," and a biography of Justice Theron Metcalf, which was 
published by the Massachusetts Historical Society. He wrote 
also many articles for law magazines, among which are Memoirs 
of Chief Justice Joel Parker, "The Origin and History of Seals," 
and notably, "American Secession and State Rights," which ap- 
peared in the "London Law Magazine," 1864, and is considered 
the most careful and thorough discussion of this subject extant. 

Mr. Hale was a man of broad and finished culture, remarkable 
for an extensive familiarity with the best literature. It has been 
said that Bartlett's " Dictionary of Quotations" was unnecessary 
if Mr. Hale were at hand for consultation. His style was clear 
and precise. He said exactly what he wished to say, and no more. 
Though with his characteristic modesty he made light of his 
talent for poetry, yet his friends knew, and from the few speci- 
mens that escaped into print the public discerned, that he had 
poetic gifts of no mean order. One of the most striking traits of 
his character was manifest in the faithful, painstaking exact- 
ness with which he carried out in spirit and letter every trust 
that came to his hands. His scrupulous fidelity, added to Ms fine 
scholarship and keen intellect, not only made him a successful 



GEORGE SILSBEE HALE 429 

lawyer, but also secured universal confidence and respect beyond 
that of most men in his profession. Independent in politics and 
religion, none better than he could claim the motto, Nullius 
addictus jurare in verba magistri. Manly independence and 
unflinching integrity controlled his life and made him a power 
for good in the community where he lived. He refused even 
wealthy corporations as his clients when they would not consent 
to be governed by his high standard of honest dealing. 

Mr. Hale was a member of the First Church in Boston, often 
president of its standing committee, and always a leader in moral 
and charitable work. He was for eight years president of the 
American Unitarian Association, performing the duties of that 
office with the same diligent faithfulness which he brought to 
whatever he undertook. He was an active worker among the 
poor, and a thorough expert in all subjects which relate to the 
improvement of the condition of the poor in cities. 

Mr. Hale was married, November 25, 1868, to Mrs. Ellen 
(Sever) Tebbets, widow of the Rev. Theodore Tebbets, and 
daughter of Colonel John Sever, of Kingston, who held a high 
position in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. He was a lineal 
descendant of William Sever, who was prominent in the Colonial 
History of Massachusetts. Mr. Hale died suddenly at Schooner 
Head, Bar Harbor, Maine, July 27, 1897, leaving a widow and 
two sons, Robert Sever and Richard Walden, all residents of 
Boston. 



430 FREDERICK DAWSON STONE 



FREDERICK DAWSON STONE 

Frederick Dawson Stone was born in Philadelphia, April 
8, 1841, and died in Germantown, August 12, 1897. He was of 
English ancestry, his grandfather, Charles Stones, having emi- 
grated to Pennsylvania in 1795, and died of the yellow fever, 
August 10, 1798. Charles Stones (whose descendants called 
themselves Stone) married Margaret Steele, of Cheshire, England, 
and had a son, John Stone, who became a successful merchant 
and importer of Philadelphia. 

Frederick Dawson Stone was the youngest son of John by his 
second wife, Mary McMahon, widow of Robert McMahon, and 
daughter of Robert Whittle, of Germantown. Young Stone 
received his education at the Old Union Academy, a famous 
school of that day, and upon the expiration of his scholarship, 
his father being dead, entered the counting house of his 
brothers. 

During the Civil War he enlisted in D Company, Gray Re- 
serves (now the famous First Regiment), and was present at 
the fight at Carlisle and several minor skirmishes, in all of which 
he distinguished himself by marked bravery. At the close of the 
war he returned to mercantile life, in which he continued until 
shortly before his election to the librarianship of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Stone had always exhibited a very decided interest in the 
history of his native State, an interest which gradually widened 
until it comprehended the history of all the American colonies. 
He was elected a member of the Historical Society, March 16, 
1863, and was chosen as its librarian in 1876, which position he 
continued to occupy until his death. His appointment in this, 
to him, new field of action, offered a wide opportunity for the 
exercise of that peculiar talent for research with which he had 



FREDERICK DAWSON STONE 431 

been endowed, and at the same time gave room for the full exer- 
cise of his executive ability. 

The Historical Society, at the time Dr. Stone was installed, 
although it had already lived a long life, was, in reality, just be- 
ginning its career as a public institution, and the new librarian, 
or more correctly speaking, " manager," making a careful study 
of its needs, mapped out a policy that built up its membership 
with surprising rapidity, and promptly induced a more extended 
usefulness. He early recognized the growing interest in geneal- 
ogy and its intimate relation to history, and it was always his 
aim to make that department of the library as complete as pos- 
sible. His "Plea for the Study of Genealogy," the last paper 
that he ever read, gives, in a most entertaining manner, his 
views upon this subject. 

His knowledge of colonial affairs was most extended, and 
there were few circumstances connected with the early history 
of America with which he was not intimate. 

Dr. Stone was appointed a member of the Valley Forge Park 
Commission, June 8, 1893, and reappointed by Governor Hast- 
ings, January 29, 1895. He was elected a member of the Ameri- 
can Philosophical Society, May 17, 1895, and in June of that 
year received the degree of Doctor of Letters from the University 
of Pennsylvania. He was a member of the History Club, Philo- 
biblon Club, Honorary Member of the Genealogical Society of 
Pennsylvania, Corresponding Member of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society (since 1877), and a number of other 
kindred associations. Among his literary works may be men- 
tioned as of especial merit: "Pennsylvania and the Federal 
Constitution" (edited by John Bach McMaster and Frederick 
D. Stone), Philadelphia, 1888; "The Founding of Pennsylvania," 
in Justin Winsor's "Narrative and Critical History of America," 
vol. iii, pp. 469-516, Boston, 1884; "The Struggle for Delaware," 
ibid.; "First Congress of the Scotch-Irish," 1890; "Philadelphia 
One Hundred Years Ago," 1879; "Penn's Treaty with the 
Indians;" "Howthe Landing of Tea was Opposed," 1892; "The 



432 WILLIAM BACHE 

Battle of Brandywine;" "A Plea for the Study of Genealogy/' 
1897. 

Dr. Stone married, November 9, 1865, Annie E. Witner, of 
Paradise, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. One son, Witner 
Stone, survived him. 



WILLIAM BACHE 






William Bache, a Corresponding Member, elected in 1857, 
then a resident of Philadelphia, died in Bristol, Philadelphia, 
August 18, 1897. He was a son of Colonel Louis and Mary Ann 
(Swift) Bache, and was born in Philadelphia, March 16, 1812. 
He was a lineal descendant of Benjamin Franklin through his 
daughter Sarah (Franklin) Bache and Louis Bache, father of 
William. Louis Bache was a colonel in the War of 1812, but 
died when William was seven years old. His mother had died 
previously, so he was left an orphan, and at the age of about 
sixteen he was obliged to depend upon himself. 

He seems to have had a very meager education, but like his 
distinguished great-grandfather he was apprenticed to the print- 
ing business, and followed it nearly all his life. In 1838 he went 
to Harrisburg, and was foreman in the printing establishment 
of Clark and Thompson, the State printers, and remained there 
two years. Removing to Philadelphia he took an active part in 
political affairs, and was appointed collector of taxes and clerk 
in one of the municipal departments. He removed to Bristol, 
Philadelphia, in 1849, and established the Bristol "Gazette," 
and later the Bucks County "American," and in 1859 "Bache's 
Index," but neither enterprise proved financially successful. 
After his removal to Bristol he took an active part in municipal 
matters, and became a member and clerk of the council. Of late 
years he had been manager of the "Practical Farmer," and | 
wrote for other papers. He was author of "Historical Sketches 



AARON HEYWOOD BEAN 433 

of Bristol Borough from 1681 to 1853," and of the "Life and 
Trials of John Fitch," the inventor of the steamboat. He pub- 
lished the pedigree of his distinguished ancestor, Benjamin 
Franklin, in the Register for 1857, vol. xi, pp. 17-20. 

He married, December 9, 1841, Antoinette Benezet, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Anthony Benezet, of Beusalem, Philadelphia. Seven 
children were born to them. She died some years earlier than he. 



AARON HEYWOOD BEAN 

Aaron Hey wood Bean, son of Aaron and Sarah (Gooch) 
Bean, was born in Boston, August 22, 1814, and died in the city 
of his nativity, where he had always resided, September 3, 1897. 

His paternal grandfather was Joshua Bean, born in Brent- 
wood, New Hampshire, in 1713, and he was probably the grand- 
son of the immigrant, John Bean, who came from Scotland as 
early as 1660, and settled at Exeter, in the same State. When 
four years old, Aaron Hey wood entered a private school taught 
by a Miss Fox, which was located at the corner of Washington 
and Castle streets. He was subsequently, until ten years of age, 
under the tuition of a Miss Stimpson and Mr. Simeon Child. He 
was then transferred to the old Franklin School, from which 
institution he graduated as a medal scholar in 1828. 

The next year he entered the service of Thomas Dixon, a 
Dutch merchant doing business on India Wharf, with whom he 
remained six years. On the first of January, 1836, he became a 
clerk in the National Insurance Company, of which institution 
he was elected secretary a year and a half later, and president 
in 1861, — a position held by him till October, 1871, when he 
resigned. He was elected president of the Faneuil Hall Insur- 
ance Company, in January, 1872, continuing in that office two 
years. He seems to have been an expert in insurance affairs, 
and to have gained so high a place in the confidence of leading 



434 AARON HEYWOOD BEAN 

men engaged in that business, as to be chosen superintendent of 
Surveys and Rates of the Boston Board of Underwriters, in 
January, 1874, the duties of which position he relinquished at 
the expiration of eighteen months. 

He had previously (in 1866) become connected with the 
Hamilton National Bank as a director, was promoted to the 
office of vice-president in 1871, and to that of president in 1883, 
which position he continued to occupy till his decease. 

Mr. Bean was in the lower branch of the city government 
during the years 1850, 1851, 1852; also an active member of the 
old Boston Fire Department for some years, and of the Wash- 
ington Light Infantry, afterwards the Washington Phalanx. 

He was married to Mary, daughter of Jabez Bullard, of Boston , 
November 14, 1837, by whom he had nine children. Four of 
these, two sons and two daughters, survived him. His wife 
died February 5, 1892, at the age of seventy-eight. His own 
death was occasioned by a misstep at his own door, which threw 
him to the ground, producing such a shock to his system, that, 
though apparently enjoying good health up to that moment, 
he lived but a short time afterward. 

Mr. Bean was a man of substantial moral worth and an hon- 
orable, as well as an honored, citizen. In business circles he 
enjoyed an enviable reputation, not only for executive ability, 
but for scrupulous integrity, absolute trustworthiness, and 
unsullied honor. 

He grew up in the Hollis Street Church, during the pastorate 
of that eloquent champion of religious liberty and moral reform, 
Rev. John Pierpont, but later in life connected himself with the 
South Congregational Church, for a long time presided over by 
the Rev. Edward E. Hale, D.D. In this church he was for many 
years an active and exemplary member and officer. 

Mr. Bean was elected a member of this Society in 1870, and 
was a generous contributor to the fund raised for the purchase 
and improvement of the property on Somerset Street. 



THOMAS DOANE 435 



ANDREW OLIVER 

Andrew Oliver, a Corresponding Member from 1887, was 
born in Hanover, New Hampshire, February 18, 1824, and died 
in New York City, October 17, 1897. 

For an obituary notice of Dr. Oliver, by Rev. William S. Heywood, see 
Register, vol. liv, supp., pp. lxiii-lxv. 



THOMAS DOANE 

Thomas Doane, a Life Member since 1890, died at West Town- 
send, Vermont, October 22, 1897. He was born at Orleans, Cape 
Cod, Massachusetts, September 20, 1821. In his later years his 
residence was at No. 8 Pearl Street, in Charlestown District, 
Boston, Massachusetts. His father, Hon. John Doane, was a 
native of Eastham, and his mother was Polly Eldridge, of Yar- 
mouth. He was a descendant of Deacon John 1 Doane, through 
John 2 , Samuel 3 , Simeon 4 , John 5 , Timothy 6 , and Hon. John 7 
Doane. He married, November 5, 1850, Sophia Dennison Clark, 
daughter of Rufus and Sally (Goodenough) Clark, who died 
December 1, 1868. November 19, 1870, he married a second 
wife, Louisa A. Barber. By his first wife Mr. Doane had the fol- 
lowing children: Helen, married Rev. D. Brainerd Perry, presi- 
dent of Doane College, Crete, Nebraska; John, married Alice W. 
Cowles; Caroline, married Rev. William 0. Weeden; Frances, 
married Henry B. Twombly, Esq., of New York City; and 
Thomas, who died in infancy, March 5, 1864. Rev. John Doane, 
the son, was pastor of a church in Lincoln, Nebraska. 

From a statement made by Mr. Doane himself are copied the 



436 THOMAS DOANE 

following items: "I was the eldest of eight children. My father 
was a lawyer. I attended a private academy in Orleans, from 
the age of eight to that of nineteen years. In 1841 and 1842 I 
was a student at Andover Phillips Academy, and graduated with 
the valedictory. I entered the office of Samuel M. Felton, No- 
vember 1, 1842, as a student of civil engineering. I helped to 
grade, fence, and step the Bunker Hill Monument grounds and 
streets. I was a rodman on the construction of the Fitchburg 
Railroad at Lincoln, resident engineer on the Vermont Central 
Railroad construction at Hartland, Vermont, and the same on 
the Cheshire Railroad at Walpole, New Hampshire. I opened 
an office for general engineering work in Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1849. From 1863 to 1867 was chief engineer of the 
Hoosac Tunnel, during which time all the experimental work was 
done, introducing electric simultaneous blasting, nitro-glycerine, 
pneumatic drills, and compressed air power. From 1869 to 1873 
was in Nebraska, then the ' Great American Desert,' and built 
two hundred and forty miles of the first railroad built there by 
the C. B. and Q. R. R. system, reaching as far west as Fort 
Kearney. From 1873 to 1877 was consulting engineer of the 
Hoosac Tunnel and Troy and Greenfield Railroad, and drove 
the first locomotive through the tunnel from east to west, soon 
after the tunnel was finished in the winter of 1874. The tunnel 
lines met within three eighths of an inch, the grades within one 
inch, and the length within less than one foot, in a total length 
of 25,081 feet. In 1879 and 1880 I was consulting and acting 
chief engineer of the Northern Pacific Railroad, during which 
time I made the location of that road across the Columbia Plains, 
now called the Pend d' Oreille division. 

"I have been much interested in education, and did much 
to establish an academy at Crete, Nebraska, in 1871, which 
became the root of a college established there in June, 1872, to 
which my name was given, because of my endeavors in its be- 
half. It was the first college established in Nebraska. 

a I never held any office, except that of deacon and justice of 
the peace. For many years I was president of the Boston 



BYRON ANASTASIUS BALDWIN 437 

Society of Civil Engineers, which was organized in 1848. I am 
also a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. For 
several years I have been a director in the Board of Associated 
Charities, of Boston, and president of the Charlestown branch 
of that society." 

By Mr. Doane's will his estate was given to trustees who were 
to pay the net income to his wife and other relatives for a term 
of years. When his youngest grandchild attained the age of 
twenty-one years the principal of the trust fund was to be paid 
to Doane College. 

His wife and four children survived. 



BYRON ANASTASIUS BALDWIN 

Byron Anastasius Baldwin was born in Erie, Pennsylvania, 
September 16, 1838, and died November 8, 1897. He was the 
son of Lodrick Ives Baldwin, and a descendant in the eighth 
generation from Nathaniel Baldwin, who came to this country 
from Cholberg, Buckingham, England, with the New Haven 
company, and settled in Milford, Connecticut, in 1639. The 
line of descent was Nathaniel 1 , Samuel 2 , Nathaniel 3 , Samuel 4 , 
Enos-Stanley 5 , Remus 6 , Lodrick Ives 7 , Byron Anastasius 8 . 

Mr. Baldwin was educated in the common schools of Erie, and 
learned the printer's trade under the direction of the late Judge 
Joseph M. Sterrett, who was founder and editor of the Erie 
"Gazette." He did not follow this occupation long, however, 
but entered the drug business, which he carried on with his 
father in Erie, from 1857 to 1861. While in Erie he made a 
balloon ascension and came down in Lake Erie ten miles from 
the land, and was rescued by a passing steamer. 

Mr. Baldwin was married to Henrietta Sterrett, youngest 
daughter of the late Judge Sterrett, July 16, 1861, and went to 
Milwaukee, where he engaged in the paint and oil business, but 



438 BYRON ANASTASIUS BALDWIN 

removed to Chicago in 1866, and opened a hotel at the corner of 
Van Buren and Clark streets, which was destroyed in the great 
Chicago fire of 1871. He was one of the few fortunate ones who 
were able to collect a large portion of the money due them from 
insurance companies, and with this capital he removed to St. 
Louis, where he opened and conducted a hotel for three years; 
then sold out and came back to Chicago, entering the employ of 
the Jno. M. Masury Paint and Oil Company as manager of their 
western branch, and built up a large and lucrative business. 
In 1886 he left the Masury Company, and entered the real estate 
business, about which his interests centered principally during 
his later life. He was active in forming the Real Estate Board, 
which he served in various capacities until illness came upon 
him in 1895. He was also prominent in the affairs of the People's 
Building and Loan Association, serving as director and treas- 
urer from 1882. He was a member of the Menoken Club, the 
American Legion of Honor, the National Union, and other 
associations. 

In 1872 he became a Life Member of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society, in the objects of which he took deep 
and unflagging interest. He was a frequent contributor to the 
columns of the Register, furnishing among other articles one 
published in 1871, concerning his immigrant ancestor, Nathaniel 
Baldwin, and one line of his descendants. At the time of his 
death he was engaged upon an account of the early Baldwins of 
England. By his will Mr. Baldwin provided that, in case of the 
death of his two children without issue, $10,000 should pass to 
this Society, the income to be devoted to the publication of por- 
traits of deceased members or other illustrations in the Memorial 
Volumes of the Society. 

Mr. Baldwin's wife died in 1890, leaving two children: Walter 
Sterrett Baldwin, of Chicago, born April 12, 1862, and Katherine 
Stewart Baldwin, who married, in 1892, Charles Finley Eiker, of 
Chicago. In 1892 Mr. Baldwin was married to Caroline Ross, 
daughter of James Ross, of Pictou, Ontario, who, with the son 
and daughter, survived him. The esteem in which Mr. Baldwin 



HENRY THAYER DROWNE 439 

was held by his associates was warmly expressed in resolutions 
adopted by the Menoken Club, the Chicago Real Estate Board , 
and other organizations. 



HENRY THAYER DROWNE 

Henry Thayer Drowne, a Corresponding Member from 1877, 
died at his late residence in New York City, December 10, 1897. 

He was born at Woodstock, Connecticut, March 25, 1822, and 
was a lineal descendant of Leonard Drowne (born 1646), the 
immigrant ancestor of this family, who came to America from the 
west of England soon after the accession of Charles II, married 
(1679-80) Elizabeth Abbott, at, or near, Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, and had eight children (Deacon Shem Drowne, of 
Boston, being among the number). He settled at Sturgeon's 
Creek, where he carried on shipbuilding until the Indian war 
obliged his removal, about 1690, to Boston, where he died, Octo- 
ber 31, 1729, and was buried in Copp's Hill burying-ground. 
His eldest son, Solomon Drowne, first (born 1681; died 1730), a 
shipbuilder at Bristol, Rhode Island, married, in 1705, Esther 
Jones, and had twelve children. The eldest of these, Solomon 
Drowne, second (born 1706; died 1780), a well-known merchant 
and statesman of Providence, Rhode Island, married (1st), June 
16, 1732, Sarah Tillinghast, and (2d), July 2, 1749, Mercy (Til- 
linghast) Arnold, and by the latter had three children. The 
second of these, Dr. Solomon Drowne, third (born 1753; died 
1834), the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was a some- 
what remarkable man. 

He studied medicine, and received degrees from the University 
of Pennsylvania and from Dartmouth College; served as surgeon 
in the Revolutionary army (1776-80), and by his professional 
skill won the esteem of Lafayette, Rochambeau, and other 
French officers in Rhode Island. 



440 HENRY THAYER DROWNE 

He married, 1777, Elizabeth Russell, and had nine children, 
the youngest of whom, Henry Bernardin Drowne (baptized 
April 6, 1799; died February 7, 1873), possessed many of his 
father's tastes, and in 1835 with his sisters founded Fruit Hill 
Classical Institute, at North Providence, Rhode Island. 

He married, April 24, 1821, Julia Ann Stafford, daughter of 
Thomas and Polly (Rhodes) Stafford, of Warwick, Rhode Island, 
and of their seven children the subject of this sketch was the 
eldest. 

Henry Thayer Drowne received his early education at public 
and private schools in Providence, and in the winter and spring 
of 1834-35 attended the high school of Mr. Jonas Wilder, at 
Brighton, Massachusetts, where, it is interesting to note, he 
first acquired a fondness for New England history. 

In June, 1835, he attended the Fruit Hill Classical Institute, 
previously mentioned, where he remained several years, and 
these associations, coupled with a careful home nurture, together 
with the advantage of passing several years of his boyhood with 
his grandfather, soon developed that taste for classical, historical, 
and antiquarian literature which afterwards distinguished him. 

In March, 1841, he became a resident of New York City, being 
a clerk for several years, principally in the dry-goods commission 
house of Caleb Fiske Harris. This position he left June 23, 1855, 
to accept an appointment as secretary of the "Old" National 
Fire Insurance Company. He filled the office with ability until 
May 11, 1869, when he was elected president of the company, 
continuing as such until his death. 

He married, December 24, 1851, Sarah Rhodes Arnold (daugh- 
ter of George Carpenter Arnold and Phebe Rhodes, of Provi- 
dence), born March 2, 1832, and she, with their only son, Henry 
Russell Drowne, survived him. 

Mr. Drowne, as might be expected from such inherited tastes, 
was largely identified, by membership and personal activities, 
with many leading historical, scientific, and patriotic societies 
and institutions. 

In 1847 he was elected a Resident Member of the New York 



HENRY THAYER DROWNE 441 

Historical Society; in 1863 a member of the American Ethnologi- 
cal Society, of which for many years he was secretary of the 
executive committee and librarian; in 1866, Life Member of the 
New England Society, of New York City; in 1875, a member of 
the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, which he 
served for many years as president; in 1877, a Corresponding 
Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. He 
was also a fellow of the Royal Society of London, England; of 
the American Geographical Society; member of the historical 
societies of Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Georgia, 
Vermont, Chicago, and Kansas; of the American Historical and 
Numismatical Society, of Philadelphia ; of the Prince Society, of 
Boston, and others. 

In 1861 he was one of the originators, with Rev. Dr. Francis 
Vinton, George William Curtis, and others, of the Sons of " Rhode 
Island in New York," an organization designed to forward the 
interests of Rhode Island troops then in the field in the defense 
of the Union. For, although a native of Connecticut, Mr. Drowne 
was always claimed as a "Son of Rhode Island," from the fact 
of his long residence in the latter State. 

July 4, 1878, by right of his grandfather, Dr. Solomon Drowne, 
surgeon in the Continental army, he became a member of the 
Rhode Island Society of the Cincinnati, and was at the time of 
his death assistant treasurer-general of the General Society of 
the Cincinnati, having in his keeping the original article of incor- 
poration of the society in 1783, signed by Washington and the 
Revolutionary generals. 

In 1886 he became a member of the "Sons of the Revolution," 
in New York, in which he held several offices. 

Mr. Drowne's religious affiliations were with the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, he having been for thirty-three years a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Transfiguration ("The Little Church 
around the Corner"). 

Although Mr. Drowne, with his characteristic modesty, had not 
committed himself to any considerable literary work, yet his 
contributions to American biography and genealogy were ample 



442 HENRY THAYER DROWNE 

witness to his abilities in this line. He was frequently called 
upon to assist in the procuring of information or the verification 
of facts, and he was never found wanting, for it may be truly 
said of him that he was never happier than when rendering to 
others (and frequently strangers) those courtesies which, how- 
ever slight he affected to think them, were of such inestimable 
value to the literary scholar. 

He was also, in a quiet way, an enthusiastic illustrator of 
books, having enriched numerous volumes by his taste and 
perseverance. 

Engravings, especially in the line of portraiture, had a special 
charm for him, and his collection of Washington portraits, and 
those of Louis XVI, as well as of the English, French, and American 
officers of our Revolutionary period, was extensive and valuable. 

In conclusion, it may be said of Mr. Drowne, that his delicate 
sense of courtesy, springing from an inherited quality of refined 
taste and genuine kindness of heart, and his unselfish spirit of 
helpfulness, had contributed largely, though most unostenta- 
tiously, to the welfare of every association with which he had 
been connected; and had drawn about him a large circle of 
friends, who sincerely mourned his departure. 



EDWARD WALFORD 443 



EDWARD WALFORD 

Edward Walford was born in Hatfield Peverel, in Essex, 
England, February 3, 1823. In the male line, his ancestors are 
traced to the time of Elizabeth, when the family was found at 
Finchingfield, near Braintree, in Essex. His father, the Rev. 
William Walford, M.A., rector of St. Runwald's, Colchester, 
graduate of Oriel College, Oxford, was son of Rev. William Wal- 
ford, B.A., rector of Boreham, near Chelmsford, who was also a 
graduate of Oriel College. His earlier ancestors for several 
generations were baize manufacturers at Booking, in Essex, 
where some of them acquired considerable property. Memorials 
of these may still be seen in the churchyard there. 

On the maternal side, Mr. Walford was descended from Sir 
William Pepperrell. In a letter to Dr. Slafter, accepting mem- 
bership in this Society (dated June 19, 1882), he writes: "I feel 
the more pleasure in this unsolicited honor, on account of my 
maternal descent from Sir William Pepperrell, who chose the 
losing side in a war which ought, I think, never to have risen; 
it being clearly against the English Constitution to tax colonies 
which are not represented." His line of descent, as shown by 
Dr. Usher Parsons (Register, vol. xx, pp. 3-5), was through 
his mother, Mary Anne Moreton, who was daughter of Rev. 
William and Elizabeth (Hutton) Moreton, granddaughter of 
Rev. Henry and Elizabeth (Pepperrell) Hutton, and great-grand- 
daughter of the second Sir William Pepperrell, the loyalist. 

Mr. Walford was educated at the Charterhouse School and at 
Balliol College, Oxford, winning at the latter an open scholar- 
ship in 1841, and taking his degrees B.A. with classical honors, 
in 1845, and M.A. in 1847. He won the University Prize for 
Latin verse in 1843, the Denyer Theological Prize in 1847 and 
1848, and was proxime accessit for the Ireland University Schol- 



444 EDWARD WALFORD 

arship in 1844, Professor Connington being the successful 
candidate. He was ordained, but resigned without holding a paro- 
chial charge. In 1853 he was admitted to the Church of Rome, 
and after having returned to the Church of England in 1860, he 
was readmitted to the Church of Rome in 1871. During the year 
1846 he held the Composition Mastership at Tunbridge School, 
later he was an examiner in classics at Harrow, Charterhouse, 
and Marlborough College, and was often employed in preparing 
pupils for Oxford. 

The literary career of Mr. Walford began in 1847, when he 
issued his first work, " Progressive Exercises in Latin Elegiac 
Verse," which reached a tenth edition in 1863, and was followed 
by about twenty-five other text-books, the most of which related 
to the classical languages. He was a prolific writer of biographi- 
cal, antiquarian, and topographical articles for various magazines 
and newspapers. Among the other works which he wrote, the 
most important were : " Greater London," 2 vols. ; " Londoniana," 
2 vols.; volumes 3, 4, 5 and 6, of "Old and New London;" "The 
County Families of the United Kingdom," issued annually since 
1860; "Tales of Great Families," 1st and 2d series, 2 vols, in 
each; "Chapters from Family Chests;" "Annual Biography," 
for 1856 and 1857; "The Pilgrim at Home;" "Pleasant Days in 
Pleasant Places;" "Holy Days in Home Counties;" "Jubilee 
Memoir of the Queen;" and lives of the Prince Consort, Lord 
Palmerston, Earl Russell, Earl of Beaconsfield, Earl of Chatham, 
and Napoleon. 

He was editor of "Lodge's Peerage" annually from 1861 to 
1889; Knight's "London," 6 vols., 1870; Brawley's "History 
of Surry," 4 vols., 1875; "Once a Week," 13 vols., 1859-68; 
"Gentleman's Magazine," 5 vols., 1866-68; "The Antiquary" 
(which he planned and founded), the first two vols., 1880, and 
the "Antiquarian Magazine," 1882-85. 

Mr. Walford was elected a Corresponding Member of this 
Society in 1882. He was also a member of the Royal Historical 
Society, The British Archaeological Association, the Archaeologi- 
cal Institute, the Society for Hellenic Studies, the "Sette of Odd 



EDWARD WALFORD 445 

Volumes, " and the Society for preserving the Memorials of the 
Dead. 

He married, first, August 3, 1847, Mary Holmes, daughter of 
John Gray, Esq., of Clifton, by whom he had one child, Mary 
Louisa; second, Julia Christina, daughter of the Hon. Sir John 
Talbot, G. C. B., by whom he had five children, viz., Julia Mary, 
Edith Mary, Ethel Mary, Edward Arundell Talbot, and Philip 
Moreton. 

After a full half century of literary work, his life came to a 
close at Ventnor, in the Isle of Wight, November 20, 1897. 






INDEX 



INDEX. 

Names of those whose memoirs are printed in the nine volumes. 



Abbot, Ephraim, 6, 394. 
Abbott, John Stevens, 8, 51. 
Adams, Alvin, 7, 260. 

Charles, 8, 259. 

Charles Frederick, 3, 166. 

Edwin Forster, 6, 450. 

George, 6, 124. 

Henry, 8, 132. 

John Quincy, 1, 102. 

Josiah, 2, 156. 

Robert, 2, 398. 

Samuel, 7, 316. 

Simeon Pratt, 8, 2. 

Waldo, 9, 75. 
Alden, Arthur Bates, 9, 297. 

Ebenezer, 8, 34. 
Aldrich, Peleg Emory, 9, 247. 
Alexander, John Locke, 9, 23. 
Alger, Horatio, 8, 72. 
Allan, George Hayward, 8, 254. 
Allen, Frederick Deane, 9, 215. 

Joseph, 7, 45. 

Nathan, 8, 373. 

Ralph Willard, 9, 43. 

Stephen Merrill, 9, 175. 

Thomas Prentiss, 6, 300. 

William, 6, 283. 

William Henry, 8, 110. 
Allibone, Samuel Austin, 8, 406. 
Alofsen, Salomon, 7, 219. 
Ames, Ellis, 8, 190. 

Frederick Lothrop, 9, 149. 

Oakes, 7, 56. 

Oliver, 7, 239; 9, 292. 

Samuel, 6, 129. 
Ammidown, Holmes, 8, 132. 



Amory, James Sullivan, 8, 181. 

Thomas Coffin, Jr., 8, 405. 
Anderson, John Farwell, 8, 325. 
Andrew, John Albion, 6, 246. 

John Forrester, 9, 261. 
Andrews, Ebenezer Turell, 1, 337. 

William Turell, 7,344. 
Anthony, John Gould, 7, 265. 
Appleton , John, 9, 35. 
-f- Nathan, 4, 286. 

Samuel, 2, 62. 

William, 7, 235. 
Armstrong, Edward, 7, 92. 

Samuel Turell, 1, 232. 
Arthur, Chester Alan, 8, 280. 
Atherton, Samuel, 9, 251. 
Austin, James Walker, 9, 289. 
Averill, Roger, 8, 163. 
Avery, Abraham, 9, 127. 

George Whitefield, 9, 114. 

Babcock, Samuel Brazer, 7, 79. 
Babson, John James, 8, 258. 
Bache, William, 9, 432. 
Bachelder, Josiah Giles, 8, 106. 
Bacon, Ezekiel, 6, 401. 

Francis Walker, 8, 241. 

John William, 8, 337. 

Leonard, 8, 82. 

William Johnson, 8, 399. 
Bagby, George William, 8, 162. 
Bailey, John Eglington, 8, 356. 

Lewis Brooks, 8, 367. 

Robert Morris, 9, 74. 
Baker, Edmund James, 9, 3. 

John Israel, 9, 391. 



449 



450 



INDEX 



Baker, William Emerson, 8, 330. 
Baldwin, Byron Anastasius, 9, 437. 

Charles Candee, 9, 234. 

John Dennison, 8, 147. 
Ball, Abel, 7, 223. 
Ballard, Joseph, 7, 273. 
Ballister, Joseph Fennelly, 9, 86. 
Ballou, Frederic Milton, 8, 390. 
Bancroft, George, 9, 32. 
Barnes, Albert, 6, 413. 
Barr, George Lyman, 7, 245. 
Barrett, George Potter, 9, 333. 
Barry, William, 8, 199. 
Barstow, John, 5, 376. 

Zedekiah Smith, 7, 46. 
Bartlett, John Russell, 8, 265. 

Shubael, 2, 186. 
Bartley, Thomas Wells, 8, 213. 
Bassett, Elisha, 9, 94. 

Francis, 7, 151. 
Batchelder, Samuel, 7, 319. 
Batcheller, Alfred Hubbard, 9, 60. 
Bates, Benjamin Edward, 7, 278. 

Caleb, 3, 193. 

Isaac Chapman, 7, 169. 
Battles, Frank Forbes, 8, 408. 
Baury, Alfred Louis, 6, 131. 
Baylies, William, 6, 121. 
Beal, Alexander, 9, 5. 
Beaman, Charles Cotesworth, 8, 

146. 
Bean, Aaron Heywood, 9, 433. 
Beckwith, Henry Truman, 9, 131. 
Beebe, James Madison, 7, 183. 
Beecher, Henry Ward, 8, 288. 
Belknap, Rufus Richardson, 7, 280. 
-Bell, Charles Henry, 9, 163. 

John James, 9, 147. 

Samuel Dana, 6, 287. 
Bellows, Henry Whitney, 8, 88 
Benham, Henry Washington, 8, 179. 
Bent, Samuel Tucker, 8, 227. 

Silas, 8, 310. 
Bethune, George Washington, 5, 29. 
Bigelow, John, 7, 277. 
Billings, Frederick, 9, 17. 



Binney, Horace, 7, 163. 
Binney, William Cushing, 8, 104. 
Blake, Arthur Welland, 9, 117. 

Charles Morris, 9, 139. 

George Baty, 7, 162. 

John Lauris, 3, 182. 

Mortimer, 8, 195. 

Pynson, 4, 409. 

Samuel, 6, 219. 

Stanton, 8, 386. 
Blasland, Edward Boutelle, 9, 110. 
Blenkin, George Beatson, 9, 72. 
Bliss, Henry Penniman, 9, 318. 
Bolton, Robert, 7, 264. 
Bond, Henry, 3, 369. 

Joseph Blackburne, 8, 114. 
Bonsall, Spencer, 8, 341. 
Borden, Nathaniel Briggs, 6, 93. 
Botfield, Beriah, 5, 264. 
Bourne, Edward Emerson, 7, 75. 
Boutelle, John Alonzo, 8, 25. 
Bouton, Nathaniel, 7, 292. 
Bowen, Edward Eaton, 8, 289. 

Henry Chandler, 9, 309. 
Boyd, John, 8, 73. 
Bradbury, John Merrill, 7, 201. 
Bradford, Lewis, 1, 282. 

WiUiam Bowes, 6, 97. 
Bradish, Luther, 5, 268. 
Bradlee, Caleb Davis, 9, 415. 

Thomas, 7, 279. 
Bradley, Charles William, 6, 88. * 
Brayton, George Arnold, 7, 372. 
Breck, Charles, 9, 49. 

Samuel, 5, 101. 
Brevoort, James Carson, 8, 322. 
Brewster, George Gaines, 7, 28. 

Lot Edward, 1, 164. 
Bridge, Samuel James, 9, 159. 
Briggs, George Nixon, 4, 297. 
Bright, Jonathan Brown, 7, 349. 

William Ellery, 8, 94. 
Brinley, Francis William, 3, 381. 
Brockett, Linus Pierpont, 9, 106. 
Brodhead, John Minor, 7, 362. 

John Romeyn, 7, 55. 



INDEX 



451 



Brooks, Edward, 7, 284. 

Gorham, 2, 470. 

John Wood, 8, 63. 

Phillips, 9, 108. 

Sidney, 8, 291. 

William Gray, 7, 317. 
Brown, Frederick, 8, 253. 

George Henry, 6, 102. 
Browne, George Morgan, 9, 255. 
Bruce, William Downing, 7, 174. 
Bruns, John Dickson, 8, 140. 
Bryan, John Randolph, 8, 311. 
Bryant, David, 6, 240. 

William Cullen, 7, 296. 
Buck, James Smith, 9, 93. 
Buckingham, William Alfred, 7,135. 
Buckman, Bowen, 6, 59. 

Edwin Dawson, 9, 46. 
Budington, William Ives, 7, 345. 
Bulkley, Joseph Edmund, 7, 340. 
Bullock, Alexander Hamilton, 8, 87. 
Burgess, Ebenezer, 6, 409. 
Burke, John Bernard, 9, 101. 

William Alvord, 8, 295. 
Burnap, George Washington, 3,447. 
Burnett, Joseph, 9, 203. 
Burnham, Samuel, 7, 62. 
Burrage, Alvah Augustus, 9, 160. 
Burrell, Randall Gardner, 9, 128. 
Burrill, James, 8, 308. 
Bush, Edward, 6, 166. 

Francis, Jr., 7, 113. 
Bushnell, Charles Ira, 8, 7. 
Butler, Caleb, 2, 266. 

Peter, 9, 198. 
Buttrick, John Adams, 7, 324. 

Cady, Charles Warner, 2, 478. 
Caldwell, Merritt, 1, 136. 
Campbell, Charles, 7, 214. 
Capen, Nahum, 8, 240. 
Carlton, William Tolman, 8, 349. 
Carpenter, George Oliver, 9, 375. 
Carr, Samuel John, 1, 63. 
Carter, John Wilkins, 9, 270. 
Cary, Edward Montague, 8, 358. 



Casey, Thomas Lincoln, 9, 322. 
Cass, Lewis, 6, 163. 
Caswell, Alexis, 7, 227. 
Chace, Isaac Borden, 8, 315. 
Chadbourne, Paul Ansel, 8, 128. 

Thomas, 5, 420. 
Chamberlain, Dexter Harrington, 

8, 312. 
Champney, Addison Weld, 7, 221. 

Samuel Trowbridge, 8, 226. 
Chandler, George, 9, 138. 

Seth, 8, 409. 
Chapin, Edwin Hubbell, 8, 27. 

Nathaniel Gates, 9, 111. 
Chapman, Frederick William, 7, 

216. 
Chase, Franklin, 9, 29. 

Jotham Gould, 8, 193. 

Thomas, 9, 95. 
Chauncey, Nathaniel, 6, 81. 

William, 6, 389. 
Cheney, Benjamin Pierce, 9, 275. 
Chester, Joseph Lemuel, 8, 101. 
Chickering, Thomas Edward, 6, 428. 
Child, Daniel Franklin, 7, 218. 

Dudley Richards , 8, 137. 

Isaac, 8, 238. 
Chilson, Gardner, 7, 272. 
Chipman, Richard Manning, 9, 146. 
Choate, Rufus, 3, 383. 
Church, Henry Augustus, 9, 103. 

Samuel, 2, 240. 
Churchill, Gardner Asaph, 9, 342. 
Clapp, David, 9, 135. 

Ebenezer, 8, 51. 

Otis, 8, 275. 

William Warland, Jr., 9, 59. 
Clark, Aaron, 4, 293. 

David Oakes, 8, 164. 

James Wilson, 9, 84. 

John, 6, 396. 

John Taylor, 8, 17. 

Joshua Victor Hopkins, 6, 335. 

Luther, 8, 189. 

Oliver Richardson, 8, 287. 

Randolph Marshall, 7, 75. 



452 



INDEX 



Clark, Samuel Fulton, 4, 187. 

William Smith, 8, 250. 
Clarke, Dorus, 8, 170. 
Henry Steele, 5, 313. 
Hovey Kilburn, 8, 402. 
James Freeman, 8, 348. 
Samuel Clarke, 9, 397. 
Clay, Henry, 1, 357. 
Cleaveland, Charles Harley, 5, 302. 
Cleveland, Charles Dexter, 6, 352. 

Charles Douglas, 7, 187. 
Clifford, Nathan, 8, 59. 
Cobb, Samuel Crocker, 9, 37. 
Coburn, Ethan Nelson, 9, 145. 
Cochrane, Gerry Whiting, 8, 166. 
Codman, Arthur Amory, 9, 340. 
Coffin, Charles Carleton, 9, 311. 
Joshua, 6, 1. 

Nathaniel Wheeler, 6, 354. 
William Edward, 9, 207. 
Coggeshall, William Turner, 6, 236. 
-^Cogswell, Joseph Green, 7, 6. 
* William, 1, 237. 
Colburn, Jeremiah, 9, 62. 
Colby, Harrison Gray Otis, 2, 9. 
Coleman, Lyman, 8, 95. 
Collamore, John Hoffman, 9, 364. 
Collins-Trelawny, Charles Trelawny, 

7,287. 
Colton, Chauncey, 7, 208. 
Comstock, William Ogilvie, 8, 134. 
Conant, Charles Francis, 8, 269. 

Ezra, 8, 365. 
Congar, Samuel Hayes, 7, 30. 
Converse, James Cogswell, 9, 47. 
James Wheaton, 9, 206. 
Joshua Perkins, 7, 200. 
Cooke, Joseph Jesse, 8, 55. 
Coolidge, Austin Jacobs, 9, 250. 
Cooper, Peter, 8, 133. 
Coote, Charles Henry, 9, 2. 
Copeland, Elisha, 6, 58. 
Copley, John Singleton (Lord Lynd- 

hurst), 5, 279. 
Copp, Joseph Addison, 6, 362. 
+ Cordner, John, 9, 197. 



Cornell, William Mason, 9, 252. 
Craft, George, 8, 148. 
Cranch, William, 2, 446. 
Crane, Andrew Fuller, 8, 197. 

Silas Axtell, 7, 29. 
Crehore, Charles Frederick, 9, 161. 
Crocker, Alvah, 7, 130. 

Samuel Leonard, 8, 125. 

Uriel, 8, 305. 
Crollalanza, Giovanni Battista di, 

9,84. 
Crooks, James Warham, 6, 237. 
Crosby, James, 6, 235. 

Nathan, 8, 204. 
Crozier, Hiram Parker, 8, 129. 
Curtis, Daniel Bates, 9, 235. 

George William, 9, 87. 

Nathaniel, 7, 82. 
Cushing, Abel, 6, 149. 

Benjamin, 9, 291. 

Caleb, 7, 314. 

Christopher, 8, 67. 

James Royal, 8, 50. 

Theodore, 1, 227. 

William, 7, 176. 
Cushman, David Quimby, 8, 410. 

Henry Wyles, 5, 291. 
Cutler, Curtis, 7, 122. 

Samuel, 7, 378. 
Cutts, Hampden . 7, 148. 

Dabney, Frederick, 9, 87. 
Daggett, John, 8, 232. 
Dale, Ebenezer, 7, 8. 
Dalrymple, Edwin Augustine, 8, 69. 
Dame, Abraham Annis, 7, 309. 
Damon, Albert Foster, 8, 290. 

Samuel Chenery, 8, 203. 
Dane, Francis, 7, 159. 
Daniels, George, 8, 36. 
Darlington, William, 5, 202. 
Darrah, Robert Kendall, 8, 211. 
Davenport, Amzi Benedict, 9, 206. 
Davids, Thomas William, 8, 173. 
Davis, Benjamin Baker, 7, 257. 

Charles Henry, 7, 236. 



INDEX 



453 



Davis, Edward Swain, 8, 307. 

George Lucien, 9, 60. 

George Thomas, 7, 252. 

Isaac P., 2, 327. 

John, 2, 172. 

Nathaniel Morton, 1, 141. 

William Jackson, 5, 355. 
Day, Thomas, 2, 335. 
Dean, Amos, 6, 265. 

Nicholas, 2, 484. 
Deane, Charles, 8, 415. 

John Bathurst, 8, 302. 

William Reed, 6, 445. 
Dearborn, Edmund Batchelder, 8, 
242. 

Henry Alexander Scammel, 1, 
277. 
Deblois, Stephen Grant, 8, 343. 
Dennett, Thomas Simes, 5, 277. 
Denny, Daniel, 7, 17. 

George Parkman, 8, 200. 
DePeyster, Frederick, 8, 108. 
Derby, Elias Hasket, 7, 365. 
Dewey, Charles Augustus, 6, 178. 

Francis Henshaw, 8, 323. 
Dewing, Benjamin Hill, 9, 15. 
DeWitt, Thomas, 7, 104. 
Dexter, Henry Martin, 9, 23. 

John Haven, 7, 226. 
Dickerson, Mahlon, 2, 95. 
Dickinson, William Leverett, 8, 157. 
Ditson, Oliver, 8, 372. 
Dix, John Adams, 7, 325. 
Doane, Thomas, 9, 435. 
Dodd, Stephen, 3, 11. 
Dodge, John Calvin, 9, 11. 
Doggett, William Elkanah, 7, 204. 
Doolittle, Mark, 2, 473. 
Dorrance, Oliver Brastow, 7, 77. 
Douglas, Benjamin, 9, 198. 
Dow, Joseph, 8, 418. 
Drake, Benjamin, 6, 417. 

Charles Daniel, 9, 79. 

Daniel, 1, 448. 

Josiah, 8, 324. 

Samuel Gardner, 7, 155. 



Draper, Abijah Weld, 7, 97. 

Daniel, 6, 229. 

Lyman Copeland, 9, 53. 
Drowne, Henry Thayer, 9, 439. 
Drury, Otis, 8, 155. 
Duane, William, 8, 117. 
DuBois, Robert Patterson, 8, 91. 

William Ewing, 8, 56. 
Dudley, George Anson, 8, 249. 

James Frederick . 9, 404. 

William, Jr., 7, 330. 
Dunham, Josiah, Jr., 7, 249. 
Dunning, John Frederic, 5, 57. 
Dupee, James Alexander, 8, 278. 
Durfee, Calvin, 7, 343. 

Job, 1, 37. 

Nathan, 7, 205. 
Durrie, Daniel Steele, 9, 89. 
Duyckinck, Evert Augustus, 7, 303. 

George Long, 5, 182. 
D wight . Benjamin Woodbridge . 8, 
407. 

Theodore, 6, 198. 

Earle, Pliny, 9, 83. 
Eastman, Albert Lorenzo, 9, 31. 

Edmund Tucker* 9, 97. 
Eaton, Lilley, 7, 13. 
Eddy, Robert Henry, 8, 293. 
Edwards, Henry, 8, 224. 

Jonathan, 8, 267. 

Tyron, 9, 172. 
Eliot, William Greenleaf, 8, 286. 
Ellis, Leonard Bolles, 9, 246. 

Rowland, 9, 113. 

William Smith, 9, 8. 
Elton, Romeo, 6, 373. 
Ely, William, 1, 263. 
Emerson, And, 6, 442. 
Emery, Francis Faulkner, 9, 384. 

Isaac, 7, 158. 

John Simpson, 9, 283. 

William Henry, 9, 167. 
Endicott, Charles Moses, 5, 306. 
Engelhardt, Conrad, 8, 73. 
Everett, Edward, 6, 74. 



454 



INDEX 



Ewer, Charles, 2, 113. 
Peter Folger, 2, 319. 

Fabens, Francis Alfred, 7, 23. 
Fahnestock, George Wolff, 6, 305. 
Fairbanks, Horace, 8, 336. 

Lorenzo Sayles, 9, 422. 

Stephen, 6, 184. 
Fales, Stephen, 2, 234. 
Farish, Greggs Joseph, 8, 81. 
Farley, Frederick Augustus, 9, 78. 
Farnham, Luther, 9, 401. 
Farnsworth, Ezra, 9, 10. 

James Delap, 2, 312. 
Farrar, Timothy, Jr., 7, 125. 
Farrington, Ebenezer Trescott, 8, 1. 
Farwell, Stephen Thurston, 7, 37. 
Fawcett, Alfred, 9, 99. 
Fearing, Albert, 7, 150. 
Felt, Joseph Barlow, 6, 356. 
Felton, Cornelius Conway, 4, 444. 
Fenno, John Brooks, 9, 181. 
Fessenden, Guy Mannering, 7, 4. 

John Milton, 8, 124. 
Field, David Dudley, 6, 226. 

William Evarts, 9, 77. 
Fillmore, Millard, 7, 95. 
Finotti, Joseph-Maria, 7, 318. 
Fisher, Warren, 9, 331. 
Fiske, George Jenckes, 6, 307. 
Fletcher, Calvin, 6, 152. 
Flint, Charles Louis, 8, 377. 
Fogg, Francis Brinley, 7, 368. 

John Samuel Hill, 9, 153. 

John Smith, 9, 83. 
Folger, William Coleman, 9, 57. 
Folsom, George, 6, 326. 
Foote, Elial Todd, 7,271. 
— Henry Wilder, 8,394. 
Forbes, Robert Bennet, 8, 416. 
Foster, Dudley, 9, 230. 

Herman, 7, 138. 

John, 9, 408. 

William, 5, 173. 
Fowle, William Bentley, 6, 80. 
Fowler, Moses Field, 8, 366. 



Fowler, Samuel Page, 8, 369. 

William Chauncey, 8, 32. 
Fox, Gustavus Vasa, 8, 156. 

John Lawrence, 6, 71. 
Francis, Convers, 5, 191. 

John Wakefield, 4, 181. 
Freeland, Charles William, 8, 165. 
Freeman, Edward Augustus, 9, 76. 
French, Aaron Davis Weld, 9, 357. 

Benjamin Vinton, 4, 49. 

Eli, 6, 286. 

Francis Ormond, 9, 115. 

Jonathan, 3, 140. 
Frost, John, 3, 478. 
Frothingham, Richard, Jr., 7, 359. 
Froude, James Anthony, 9, 220. 
Fuller, Benjamin Ap thorp Gould. 
8, 201. 

Elisha, 2, 353. 

Henry Holton, 1, 410. 

Henry Weld, 8, 404. 
Furness, William Henry, 9, 299. 
Futhey, John Smith, 8, 368. 

Gallatin, Albert, 1, 203. 
Gammell, William, 8, 383. 
Gardner, Johnson, 6, 369. 

William SewaU, 8, 342. 
Gaston, William, 9, 175. 
Gay, Erastus Emmons, 9, 391. 
Gentlee, Thomas Preston, 7, 191. 
Gibbs, George, 7, 53. 

Nathan Bourne, 8, 21. 
■^Gilbert, Daniel, 1, 199. 
Glidden, William Taylor, 9, 109. 
Glover, Lloyd, 5, 70. 
Goddard, Delano Alexander, 8, 86 
Goodwin, Eben, 7, 264. 

Nathaniel, 2, 358. 

William Frederick, 7, 20. 
Gookin, Samuel Henry, 9, 213. 
Gordon, George William, 7, 271. 
Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 9, 370. 
Gowing, Henry Augustus, 9, 229. 
Graham, James Duncan, 6, 133. 
Grant, Ulysses Simpson, 8, 217. 



INDEX 



455 



-J- Gray, Frederick Turell, 2, 340. 

George Frederick, 7, 364. 
Green, James Diman, 8, 109. 

Joshua, 7, 154. 

Walter Cooper, 7, 147. 
Greene, Albert Gorton, 6, 260. 

Charles Augustus, 9, 196. 

William, 8, 131. 
Greenleaf, Alfred, 7, 41. 

Daniel, 2, 34. 

Jonathan, 6, 99. 

Simon, 2, 106. 
Greenwood, William Pitt, 1, 268. 
Gregg, Alexander, 9, 143. 
Gregory, James, 7, 120. 
Grigson, Francis, 8, 276. 

William, 7, 336. 
Griswold, Charles Edward, 5, 426. 
Groves, Henry Bott, 7, 247. 
Guild, Charles Henry, 9, 367. 
Guizot, Francois Pierre Guillaume, 
7, 116. 

Hack, Christopher Amory, 9, 349. 

Haigh, John, 9, 341. 

Haines, Elijah Middlebrook, 8, 390. 

William Pickering, 7, 381. 
Hale, George Silsbee, 9, 427. 

Horatio, 9, 379. 

Robert Safford, 8, 79. 

Salma, 6, 210. 

Theodore Poole, 7, 322. 
Hall, Andrew Townsend, 7, 189. 

Benjamin Homer, 9, 129. 

Charles Bingley, 8, 136. 

Dudley , 6, 298. 

Edwin, 7, 263. 

Hiland, 8, 233. 

Samuel, 6, 405. 

Samuel Holden Parsons, 7, 238. 
Hamblin, David, 2, 480. 
Hamlin, Hannibal, 9, 50. 
Hammond, Isaac Weare, 9, 16. 
Hapgood, George Grant, 7, 212. 
Harbaugh, Henry, 6, 258. 
Harding, George Warren, 8, 306. 



Harmon, Samuel Bickerton, 9, 78. 
Harrington, Leonard Bond, 8, 379. 
Harris, Caleb Fiske, 8, 66. 

Luther Metcalf, 6, 78. 

Robert William, 8, 281. 

William Thaddeus, 2, 294. 
Harrod, Henry, 6, 423. 
Harvey, Matthew, 6, 143. 

Peter, 7, 253. 
Haskell, Daniel Noyes, 7, 127. 
-Haskins, David Greene, 9, 331. 

Ralph, 1, 465. 
Hastings, Walter, 7, 339. 
Hatch, Jarvis Malatiah, 5, 75. 
Haughton, James, 8, 329. 
Haven, Franklin, 9, 157. 

Henry Philemon, 7, 209. 

Samuel Foster, 8, 62. 
Hawkins, Alfred, 2, 197. 
Hawley, Charles, 8, 320. 
Hayes, Francis Brown, 8, 188. 

John Lord, 8, 292. 

Rutherford Birchard, 9, 107. 

Thomas McCulloch, 6, 320. 
Hayward, Elijah, 6, 41. 
Hazard, Samuel, 6, 385. 
Healy, John Plummer, 8, 84. 
Heard, John, 9, 184. 

John Trull, 8, 19. 
Hebard, Learned, 7, 267. 
Henry, Matthew Schropp, 4, 439. 
Henshaw, Daniel, 5, 237. 

David, 1, 483. 

George Eddy, 5, 45. 

Joseph Lyman, 7, 69. 

Joshua Sidney, 3, 364. 
Hersey, Alfred Cushing, 8, 335. 
Higginson, Waldo, 9, 191. 
Hildreth, Samuel Prescott, 5, 254. 
Hill, Edward Judkins, 9, 424. 

Hamilton Andrews, 9, 256. 

Thomas, 9, 57. 
Hills, George Morgan, 9, 21. 
Hilton, William, 8, 328. 
Hincks, Edward Winslow, 9, 182. 
Hinman, Royal Ralph, 6, 294. 



456 



INDEX 



Hoar, Samuel, 3, 105. 
Hobart, Henry Linsley, 7, 70. 

Peter, Jr., 7, 332. 
Hobbs, Frederick, 2, 280. 
Hockey, Joseph, 5, 289. 
Hodges, Almon Danforth, 7, 306. 

Richard Manning, 7, 301. 
Holden, Austin Wells, 9, 52. 
Holley, Alexander Hamilton, 8, 313. 
Holme, John Stanford, 8, 188. 
Holmes, Howland, 9, 166. 
Holton, David Parsons, 8, 144. 
Homans, Charles Dudley, 8, 272. 

Isaac Smith, 7, 105. 
Homes, Henry Augustus, 8, 318. 
Hooker, Anson Parker, 7, 84. 
Hooper, John, 6, 135. 

Robert, 6, 269. 

Robert, Jr., 8, 154. 

Samuel, 7, 137. 
Hoppin, Nicholas, 8, 249. 
Hornblower, Joseph Coerten, 5, 443. 
Horsford, Eben Norton, 9, 103. 
Hough, Franklin Benjamin, 8, 212. 
Houghton, Henry Oscar, 9, 280. 

William Stevens, 9, 171. 
Howard, John Seaver, 6, 90. 
Howe, Appleton, 6, 398. 

Joseph, 7, 57. 
Howland, Asa, 6, 392. 

John, 2, 305. 

John Andrews, 8, 413. 
Hubbard, Edwin, 9, 42. 

Fordyce Mitchell, 8, 357. 
f- Samuel, 1, 86. 
Hudson, Charles, 8, 44. 
Hughes, Thomas, 9, 319. 
Humphrey, Francis Josiah, 8, 150. 

Henry Benjamin, 7, 18. 

James, 6, 161. 
Humphreys, Edward Rupert, 9, 

123. 
Hunt, Benjamin Peter, 7, 234. 

Freeman, 3, 200. 

Wellington La Garonne, 8, 413. 
Hunter, Joseph, 4, 280. 



Huntoon, Benjamin, 5, 404. 

Daniel Thomas Vose, 8, 282. 
Hutchings, William Vincent, 8, 355. 
Hyde, George Baxter, 8, 401. 

In galls, William, 1, 328. 
Irving, Washington, 3, 461. 

Jaques, Feancis, 8, 194. 
Jenks, William, 6, 204. 
Jenness, John Scribner, 7, 334. 
-f-Jennison, Samuel, 4, 31. 
Jerome, George Henry, 8, 270. 
Jewell, Harvey, 8, 76. 

Marshall, 8, 126. 
Jewett, Charles Coffin, 6, 262. 

Jeremiah Peabody, 6, 390. 
Jillson, David, 8, 403. 
Johnson, Francis Marshall, 7, 299. 

William Otis, 7, 71. 
Johnston, John, 7, 346. 

William Edwin, 8, 247. 
Johonnot, Andrew, 4, 118. 
Jones, Charles Augustus, 8, 172. 

Charles Colcock, 9, 145. 

Eliphalet, 7, 50. 

Frederick, 8, 298. 

Henry, 7, 308. 

Horatio Gates, Jr., 9, 122. 

James Athearn, 2, 204. 

James Hemphill, 7, 371. 

Josiah Moore, 8, 175. 
Jonson, George Washington, 8, 1. 
Jordan, Eben Dyer, 9, 294. 

John, Jr., 9, 8. 

Keep, Nathan Cooley, 7, 144. 
Keith, James Monroe, 9, 188. 
Kellogg, Day Otis, 7, 111. 

Martin May, 8, 414. 
Kendall, George Augustus, 9, 407. 
Kennard, William Henry, 9, 51. 
Kent, James, 1, 67. 
Ketchum, Silas, 7, 373. 
Kettelle, Jacob Quincy, 6, 127. 
Kidder, Edward, 8, 205. 



INDEX 



457 



Kidder, Frederic, 8, 235. 

Henry Purkitt, 8, 243. 

Jerome George, 8, 118. 

Jerome Henry, 8, 384. 

Samuel, 9, 183. 
Kilbourne, Payne Kenyon, 3, 437. 
Kimball, Daniel, 7, 105. 

Henry Colman, 9, 193. 

John Rogers, 8, 153. 

Moses, 9, 239. 
King, Carmi Emery, 9, 6. 

Daniel Putnam, 1, 255. 

John Alsop, 6, 232. 
Kingman, Eliab, 8, 123. 
Kingsbury, Addison, 9, 69. 
Kingsley, James Luce, 1, 396. 
Kip, William Ingraham, 9, 130. 
Kirtland, Jared Potter, 7, 274. 
Knox, Samuel Richardson, 8, 160. 
Kuhn, George Horatio, 7, 320. 

Ladd, John Savillian, 8, 273. 

Warren, 9, 237. 
Lafontaine, Louis Hypolite, 5, 329. 
Lamb, Thomas, 8, 316. 
Lambert, Thomas Ricker, 9, 69. 
Lamson, Alvan, 6, 19. 
Lancaster, Daniel, 7, 374. 
Lane, Ebenezer, 6, 157. 
Lapham, Increase Allen, 7, 167. 
Larned, Joseph Gay Eaton, 6, 387. 
Latham, Williams, 8, 158. 
Lathrop, William McCracken, 7, 

217. 
Latrobe, John Hazlehurst Boneval, 

9,53. 
Latting, John Jordan, 9, 27. 
Lavalle, Jose Antonia de, 8, 365. 
Lawrence, Abbott, 2, 401, 9, 142. 

Amos, 1, 500. 

Amos Adams, 8, 271. 

Edward, 8, 225. 

Joseph Wilson, 9, 97. 

William Richards, 8, 223. 
Lawton, William, 8, 43. 
Leavenworth, Elias Warner, 8, 319. 



Lee, Henry Washington, 7, 119. 

William, 9, 118. 
Leeds, Benjamin, 6, 146. 

Joseph, 8, 12. 
Leland, Phineas Washington, 6, 371. 

William Sherman, 6, 347. 
Lemon, Robert, 6, 215. 
Leonard, Elisha Clark, 9, 211. 

Levi Washburn, 6, 66. 

Manning, 8, 219. 
Leverett, Charles Edward, 6, 303. 
Lewis, John Allen, 8, 228. 

Winslow, 7, 161. 
Lincoln, George Edwin, 8, 81. 

Solomon, 8, 75. 
Linsley, Joel Harvey, 6, 272. 
Littell, Eliakim, 6, 381. 
Little, James Lovell, 8, 395. 

Lemuel, 7, 280. 
Littlefield, George Thomas, 9, 368. 
Livermore, Isaac, 7, 341. 
Locke, John Goodwin, 6, 341. 
Long, Samuel Pierce, 7, 326. 
Loring, Charles Greely, 6, 242. 

George Bailey, 9, 55. 

James Spear, 8, 174. 

Langford Whipple, 6, 274. 
Lossing, Benson John, 9, 48. 
Loud, Jacob Hersey, 7, 360. 
Lovering, Nathaniel Phillips, 8, 

314. 
Low, Ariel, 8, 239. 
Lowe, Abraham Thompson, 8, 353. 
Lowell, Charles, 4, 134. 

John. 9, 419. 
Lower, Mark Antony, 7, 203. 
Ludewig, Hermann Ernst, 3, 136. 
Lyman, Elihu Oliver, 9, 79. 

Theodore, 1, 169. 
Lynch, Charles Stephen, 7, 51. 
Lyon, John Emery, 7, 285. 

McAllister, John, 7, 275. 

John Allister, 9, 364. 
McConihe, Isaac, 6, 248. 
McKenney, David, 7, 328. 



458 



INDEX 



McLean, John, 4, 270. 
McLellan, Hugh Davis, 7, 312. 
McRee, Griffith John, 7, 21. 
Madden, Frederick, 7, 47. 
Makepeace, William, 8, 40. 
Mansel, Henry Longueville, 6, 449. 
Marsh, Jonathan, 4, 375. 
Martin, Noah, 5, 230. 

Silas Nelson, 7, 232. 
Marvin, Abijah Perkins, 8, 411. 

Theophilus Rogers, 8, 99. 
Mason, Jonathan, 8, 168. 

Lyman, 9, 179. 
f- William Powell, 6, 252. 
Mather, William Williams, 3, 339. 
Mayer, Brant z, 7, 321. 
Mayhew, Aaron Claflin, 8, 10. 

William Edwards, 4, 40. 
Mayo, Charles, 3, 272. 

Robert, 6, 48. 
Meade, William, 4, 454. 
Means, James Howard, 9, 189. 

William Gordon, 9, 173. 
Meriam, Ebenezer, 5, 352. 
Merrill, Gyles, 9, 176. 

James Cushing, 2, 88. 
Messinger, George Washington, 6, 

380. 
Metcalf, John George, 9, 66. 

Theron, 7, 185. 
Milk, Henry Franklin, 8, 369. 
Millett, Asa, 9, 125. 

George Bown, 9, 353. 
Milliken, Ebenezer Coolbroth, 8, 

414. 
Miner, Alonzo Ames, 9, 267. 
Minot, George, 3, 214. 
Mitchell, Nahum, 2, 69. 
Montague, Samuel Leland, 9, 385. 

William Henry, 8, 392. 
Montgomery, Hugh, 8, 130. 
Moore, Charles Whitlock, 7, 83. 

Edward Bucknam, 7, 117. 

George Henry, 9, 82. 

Jacob Bailey, 2, 75. 

Martin, 6, 136. 



Moreau, John Bostwick, 8, 252. 
Morison, James, 8, 100. 

John Hopkins, 9, 329. 

Nathaniel Holmes 9 24. 
Morris, Oliver Bliss, 6, 435. 
Morse, Abner, 6, 112. 

Freeman Harlow, 9, 34. 

Leopold, 9, 102. 
Morton, William Saxton, 7, 1. 
Moulton, John Todd, 9, 96. 

Joseph, 7, 42. 
Mountfort, George, 8, 177. 

Napoleon Bonaparte, 8, 161. 
Mudge, Alfred, 8, 107. 

Enoch Redington, 8, 65. 
Munger, George Goundry, 9, 249. 
Munroe, Nathan, 6, 169. 
Munsell, Joel, 7, 355. 
Murdoch, Beamish, 7, 198. 
Murphy, Henry Cruse, 8, 121. 
Murray, Nicholas, 4, 170. 
Muzzey, Artemas Bowers, 9, 80. 

Nash, Gilbert, 8, 344. 

Nathaniel Cushing, 8, 4. 
Nason, Elias, 8, 299. 
Neal, Theodore Augustus, 8, 68. 
Neill, Edward Duffield, 9, 152. 
Newcomb, John Bearse, 9, 424. 
Newhall, Cheever, 7, 282. 

James Robinson, 9, 156. 

Josiah, 7, 353. 
Newkirk, Matthew, 6, 279. 
^Newton, Edward Augustus, 5, 88. 
Nichols, John Gough, 7, 80. 

Lyman, 7, 305. 
Norcross, Otis, 8, 112. 
Nourse, Benjamin Franklin, 9, 132. 
Noyes, George Rapall, 6, 281. 

Horatio Smith, 8, 150. 

Stephen Buttrick, 8, 208. 

O'Callaghan, Edmund Bailey, 7, 

376. 
Oliver, Andrew, 9, 435. 
Onderdonk, Henry, 8, 268. 



INDEX 



459 



Orr, John, 6, 318. 
Osgood, Isaac, 6, 114. 

Samuel, 7, 369. 
Otis, Albert Boyd, 9, 387. 

Amos, 7, 178. 

Harrison Gray, 1, 146. 

Horatio Nelson, 8, 47. 
Oviatt, George Alexander, 8, 297. 

Packaed, David Temple, 8, 18. 
Page, David Perkins, 7, 87. 

Kilby, 6, 275. 
Paige . Lucius Robinson . 9, 347. 
Paine, Henry Delevan, 9, 140. 

Martyn, 7, 268. 
Palmer, Joseph, 6, 432. 
Parke, Benjamin, 8, 103. 
Parker, Daniel Pinckney, 1, 260. 

Foxhall Alexander, 7, 329. 

Isaac, 3, 217. 

James, 7, 85. 

John Wells, 7, 153. 

Leonard Moody, 2, 223. 

Samuel Trask, 7, 328. 

Willard, 8, 176. 

William Albert, 8, 116. 
Parkman, Francis, 9, 162. 
Parsons, Charles William, 9, 148. 

Samuel Holden, 6, 430. 
-f Usher, 6, 309. 

William, 8, 215. 
Patch, Ira Joseph, 9, 194. 
Patterson, Albert Clark, 7, 124. 

David Williams, 9, 99. 
Paver, William, 6, 447. 
Payson, Samuel Russell, 9, 425. 
Peabody, Andrew Preston, 9, 121. 

George, 6, 359. 

William Smith, 7, 255. 
Pearson, Jonathan, 8, 301. 

Thomas Scott, 3, 126. 
Pease, David Harlow, 7, 11. 

Frederick Salmon, 6, 224. 
Peaslee, Charles Hazen, 6, 187. 
Peck, Asahel, 7, 327. 

Ira Ballou, 8, 351 . 



Peck, John Mason, 3, 208. 
Peirce, Benjamin Osgood, 8, 159. 

Jonathan, 6, 238. 

Joshua Winslow, 7, 100. 

William, 8, 141. 
Penhallow, Pearce Wentworth, 8, 

231. 
Perkins, Augustus Thorndike, 9, 
44. 

Horatio Nelson, 8, 145. 

William, 8, 304. 
Perley, Ira, 7, 93. 
Perry, Gardner Braman, 3, 472. 

Oliver Henry, 8, 96. 
Peters, George Haswell, 8, 419. 

William Cowper, 9, 270. 
Phelps, Ansel, Jr., 4, 86. 

Noah Amherst, 7, 32. 

Samuel Wright, 7, 335. 
Philbrick . John Dudley . 8, 244. 
Phillipps, Thomas, 7, 16. 
Phillips, Calvin Tilden, 9, 67. 

Henry, 9, 264. 

Jonathan, 4, 93. 
Phoenix, Stephen Whitney, 8, 70. 
Pickford, Charles Jarvis, 9, 264. 
Pierce, Henry Lillie, 9, 373. 

John, 1, 213. 
Pike, James Shephard, 8, 120. 

Richard, 5, 162. 
Piper, Solomon, 6, 194. 
Pitkin , Timothy . 1, 76. 
Plimpton, Moses, 2, 257. 
Plumer, William, 2, 246. 
Plummer, Avery, 8, 293. 
Pomeroy, Benjamin, 6, 212. 
Poole, William Frederic, 9, 186. 
Poor, John Alfred, 6, 452. 
Pope, Franklin Leonard, 9, 287. 
Porter, James Madison, 5, 138. 

William Smith, 6, 153. 
Potter, Chandler Eastman, 6, 288. 

Charles Francis, 9, 310. 

Elisha Reynolds, 8, 97. 

Moses, 6, 85. 
Potts, William John, 9, 295. 



460 



index; 



Powell, Charles Thuillier Mallapert, 

8, 394. 
Pratt, Eleazer Franklin, 8, 362. 

Francis Greenleaf, Jr., 9, 187. 

George Williams, 7, 194. 

Stillman, 5, 115. 
Preble, George Henry, 8, 206. 

Henry Oxnard, 6, 443. 
Prendergast, John Patrick, 9, 177. 
Prentiss, Henry James, 6, 329. 

John, 7, 58. 
Prescott, William, 7, 177. 

WiUiam Hickling, 3, 322. 
Preston, Jonathan, 8, 353. 

Joshua Putnam, 7, 224. 
Prime, Samuel Irenaeus, 8, 216. 
Procter , Thomas Emerson , 9, 227. 
Proctor, Israel Putnam, 1, 339. 
Pulsifer, Bickford, 7, 361. 

David, 9, 200. 

John Stanwood, 6, 181. 
Punchard, George, 7, 366. 
Putnam, Albigence Waldo, 6, 316. 

Dana Boardman, 8, 38. 

Israel Warburton, 6, 276. 

John Phelps, 8, 85. 

Quincy, Josiah, 6, 10. 

Thomas Dennie, 8, 39. 
Quint, Alonzo Hall, 9, 365. 

Rafn, Carl Christian, 6, 53. 
Raisbeck, Charles William, 7, 34. 
Rand, Edward Sprague, 8, 167. 
Randall, Andrew, 3, 70. 
Ranlett, Charles Augustus, 7, 286. 

Charles Augustus, Jr., 7, 89. 
Ravenal, Daniel, 9, 209. 
Read, James, 6, 411. 

John Meredith, 9, 377. 
Redfield, John Howard, 9, 242. 
Reed, Jacob Whittemore, 6, 365. 

Levi, 6, 357. 

Silas, 8, 277. 

WiUiam Bradford, 7, 199. 
Reynolds, Grindall, 9, 217. 



Reynolds, John, 6, 104. 

Rice, Alexander Hamilton, 9, 272. 

Henry, 6, 245. 

Lewis, 7, 240. 
Rich, John Fairfield, 7, 38. 
Richards, James Bard well, 8, 246. 

John, 3, 358. 
Richardson, Benjamin Parker, 6, 
407. 

Charles Addison, 9, 33. 

George Carter, 8, 263. 

Jeffrey, Jr., 4, 122. 

Joseph, 6, 322 ; 7, 2. 

Thomas, 7, 40. 

William Adams, 9, 362. 
Riddel, Samuel Hopkins, 7, 213. 
Riker, James, 8, 400. 
Rindge, Samuel Baker, 8, 134. 
Robbins, Nathan, 8, 360. 

Thomas, 3, 77. 
Robertson, Charles Franklin, 8, 261. 
Robinson, Alphonso Jerome, 8, 389. 

Edward, 5, 146. 

John Parmelee, 8, 105. 
Rockwood, Thomas Temple, 7, 36. 
Rogers, Augustus Dodge , 9, 359. 

Charles, 9, 14. 

Daniel Augustus . 7, 225. 

John, 8, 182. 

John Kimball, 8, 333. 

WiUiam, 6, 313. 
Rolfe, Enoch Carter, 7, 146. 
RoUins, Edward Ashton, 8, 222. 

John Rodman, 9, 91. 
Root, James Edward, 7, 169. 
Ross, Matthias Denman, 9, 91. 
Ruggles, John, 9, 413. 

Stephen Preston, 7, 375. 
Rupp, Israel Daniel, 7, 291. 
Russ, Augustus, 9, 85. 
Russell, Edward GrenviUe, 7, 363. 

John Brooks, 9, 38. 

Samuel Hammond, 9, 224. 

William Eustis, 9, 334. 

WiUiam Goodwin, 9, 301. 

WiUiam Shaw, 5, 168. 



INDEX 



461 



Sabine, Lorenzo, 7, 246. 
Safford, Nathaniel Foster, 9, 45. 
Sainsbury, William Noel, 9, 245. 
Salisbury, Daniel Waldo, 9, 13. 

Stephen, 8, 187. 
Saltonstall, Leverett, 9, 253. 
Sanford, Frederick Coleman, 9, 12. 
Sanger, Ralph, 4, 76. 
Sargent, John, 8, 22. 

John Turner, 7, 243. 

Lucius Manlius, 6, 231. 

Nathan, 7, 133. 

Winthrop, 6, 383. 
Savage, William, 1, 272. 
Sawyer, Frederic William, 7, 165. 

Nathaniel, 2, 84. 

Samuel Elwell, 8, 417. 
Schroeder, John Frederick, 3, 168. 
Scott, Benjamin, 9, 68. 

Martin Bowen, 7, 15. 
Scull, Gideon Delaplaine, 8, 387. 
Sears, David, 6, 419. 

Richard Willard, 8, 6. 
Sedgwick, Charles Frederick, 8, 91. 
Sergeant, Thomas, 4, 69. 
Sever, James Warren, 6, 421. 
Sewall, Benjamin, 7, 337. 

Joseph, 1, 252. 

Samuel, 6, 267. 
SeweU, Robert, 9, 418. 
Shattuck, George Cheyne, 2, 164; 
9, 126. 

George Otis, 9, 396. 

Lemuel, 3, 290. 
Shaw, Lemuel, 4, 200, 230. 

* Robert Gould, 2,38. 
Shea, John Dawson Gilmary, 9, 73. 
Sheffield, George, 8, 196. 
Sheldon, George, 8, 53. 

Henry Olcott, 8, 122. 
Shepard, Charles Augustus Billings, 

8, 374. 
Shepley, Stephen, 7, 357. 
Sheppard, John Hannibal, 7, 64. 
Sherwin, Thomas, 6, 343. 
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, 8, 114. 



Shreve, Benjamin, 9, 345. 
Shurtleff, Benjamin, 1, 32. 

Nathaniel Bradstreet, 7, 123. 
Silliman, Benjamin, 6, 62; 8, 198. 
Simmons, George Arthur, 8, 169. 
Simonds, Artemas, 2, 288. 
Sims, Clifford Stanley, 9, 315. 

Richard, 9, 1. 
Slack, Charles Wesley, 8, 209. 
Slade, Daniel Denison, 9, 304. 
Slater, Nelson, 8, 262. 
Slaughter, Philip, 9, 9. 
Sleeper, Jacob, 8, 381. 

John Sherburne, 7, 310. 
Smalley, Elam, 3, 242. 
Smets, Alexander Augustus, 5, 42. 
Smith, Asa Dodge, 7, 256. 

Ballard, 6, 192. 

Buckingham, 6, 415. 

Charles Perrin, 8, 123. 

George, 8, 92. 

George Archibald, 8, 398. 

George Girdler, 7, 313. 

Henry, 8, 48. 

John Jay, 8, 64. 

John Spear, 6, 207. 

Joseph, 7, 230. 

Ralph Dunning, 7, 114. 

Thomas Carter, 8, 8. 

William Rudolph, 6, 291. 
Smithett, William Thomas, 8, 339. 
Smyth, Thomas, 7, 73. 
Snelling, George Henry, 9, 68. 
Snow, David, 7, 193. 

George Knowles, 8, 220. 
Snowden, James Ross, 7, 281. 
Somerby, Gustavus Adolphus, 7, 
333. 

Horatio Gates, 7, 38. 
Sparhawk, George, 3, 195. 
Sparks, Jared, 6, 139. 
Spaulding, Solomon Robinson, 7, 

113. 
Spooner, Alden Jermain, 8, 60. 

Thomas, 9, 7. 

William Brown, 8, 16. 



462 



INDEX 



Sprague, Peleg, 8, 13. 

William Buell, 7,210. 
Squier, Ephraim George, 8, 345. 
Stackpole, David Dunlap, 7, 323. 
Stanhope, Philip Henry, 7, 192. 
Stanley, Clinton Warrington, 8, 
192. 

Timothy Wadsworth, 9, 394. 
Staples, William Read, 6, 296. 
Stearns, Charles, 4, 55. 

Edward, 9, 50. 

Josiah Atherton , 8, 152. 
Steiner, Lewis Henry, 9, 71. 
Stetson, Caleb, 8, 202. 

Joshua, 6, 344. 

Lebbeus, 9, 21. 
Stevens, George, 8, 180. 
Stickney, Joseph Henry, 9, 134. 

Matthew Adams, 9, 204. 

Two, 5, 63. 
Stone, Amos, 9, 307. 

Eben Francis, 9, 232. 

Frederic Dawson, 9, 430. 

Waterman, 9, 325. 

William Fiske, 3, 179. 
Storer, Henry Gookin, 8, 361. 
Story, William Wetmore, 9, 285. 
Stowe, William, 9, 93. 
Streeter, Sebastian Ferris, 6, 27. 
Strong, Alexander, 8, 54. 
Sturgis, Russell, 8, 317. 
Sullivan, Richard, 4, 384. 
Sumner, Austin, 7, 338. 

William Hyslop, 4, 329. 
Sutton, William, 8, 98. 
Swain, David Lowry, 6, 293. 
Swan, Gustavus, 4, 11. 
Sweet, John Davis, Jr., 6, 350. 
Swett, Samuel, 6, 201. 

Taggard, Cyrus Henry, 9, 390. 
Tappan, John Gallison, 8, 151. 
Tarbox, Increase Niles, 8, 346. 
Taylor, Oliver Alden, 1, 341. 

William Rogers, 8, 385. 
Tefft, Israel Keech, 5, 60. 



Temple, William, 8, 255. 
Tenney, Jonathan, 8, 334. 
-Thacher, Peter, 9, 221. 
Thatcher, Henry Knox, 7, 367. 
Thayer, David, 9, 169. 

Elisha, 4, 89. 

Gideon French, 5, 362. 

Nathaniel, 8, 129. 

Samuel White, 8, 119. 
Thiers, Louis Adolph, 7, 261. 
Thomas, Edward Isaiah, 9, 28. 

William, 7, 26. 
Thompson, Ai Baker, 9, 13. 

Albert, 8, 113. 

Benjamin Franklin, 1, 161. 

Edwin, 8, 266. 

Leander, 9, 360. 

Leonard, 8, 30. 

Newell Aldrich, 7, 102. 

Pishey, 5, 123. 

Strong Benton, 8, 3. 

Waldo, 9, 92. 
Thomson, George Newton, 9, 272. 
Thorndike, George Quincy, 8, 285. 

Israel, 6, 223. 
•jf* Thornton, James Brown, 7, 44. 

John Wingate , 7, 294. 
Thurston, Ariel Standish, 9, 214. 

James, 7, 12. 
Thwing, Supply Clap, 7, 250. 
Ticknor, William Davis, 5, 396. 
Tilden, William Phillips, 9, 19. 
-jKFileston, Edmund Pitt, 7, 60. 
Tillinghast, Amos Atwell, 3, 356. 
Tirrell, Minot, 8, 83. 
Tobey, Edward Silas, 9, 40. 
Tolman, Thomas, 6, 337. 
Toner, Joseph Meredith, 9, 338. 
Torrey, Ebenezer, 8, 359. 
Towne, Ebenezer Bancroft, 8, 214. 

Jonathan, 7, 90. 

William Blanchard, 7, 207. 
Townsend, Elmer, 6, 437. 

Robert, 6, 175. 

Thomas Davis, 7, 358. 
Tracy, Frederick Palmer, 4, 125. 



INDEX 



463 



Train, Charles Russell, 8, 218. 
Trench, Richard Chenevix, 8, 256. 
Trowbridge, Philo Mallory, 7, 86. 

Thomas Rutherford, 8, 294. 
Trumbull, Charles Perkins, 9, 355. 

Gurdon, 7, 172. 
Tucker, George Herri ot, 4, 441. 

Joseph Warren, 8, 210. 

William Warren, 8, 230. 
Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, 7, 9. 
Turell, Charles, 5, 221. 
Turner, John Newton . 5, 434. 

Nathaniel Wing, 9, 308. 

Samuel Adams, 9, 8. 

Thomas Larkin, 9, 410. 
Tuthill, William Henry, 8, 5. 
Tuttle, Charles Wesley, 8, 57. 
Tweed, Benjamin Franklin, 9, 326. 
•f Twichell, Ginery, 8, 149. 
Tyler, John, 4, 414. 

John Steele, 7, 196. 

William, 7, 171. 
Tymms, Samuel, 6, 439. 
Tyson, Job Roberts, 3, 226. 

Underwood, Adin Ballou, 8, 331. 
Updike, Wilkins, 6, 216. 
**Upham, Charles Wentworth, 7, 157. 
Nathaniel Gookin , 6, 366. 
Upton, George Bruce, 7, 109. 
Usher, Roland Greene, 9, 242. 

Valentine, David Thomas, 6, 324. 
Varnum, Joseph Bradley, 7, 132. 
Vattemare, Alexandre, 5, 391. 
Vetromile, Eugene Anthony, 8, 61. 
Vinton, Alexander Hamilton, 8, 42. 

Francis, 7, 35. 

John Adams, 7, 269. 
Vose, Frank, 4, 26. 

Waddington, John, 8, 11. 
Wadleigh, George, 8, 185. 
Wait, Luther, 1, 60. 
Waite, Morrison Remick, 8, 338. 
Wales, Thomas Crane, 8, 24. 



Walford, Edward, 9, 443. 
Walker, Amasa, 7, 180. 

Francis Amasa, 9, 381. 

James, 7, 128. 
Walley, Samuel Hurd, 7, 258. 
Walworth, Reuben Hyde, 6, 250. 
Ward, Andrew Henshaw, 5, 323. 

Henry Veazey, 7, 49. 

James, 3, 91. 

Joseph Harrison, 8, 331. 

Townsend, 8, 221. 
Wardwell, William Henry, 9, 352. 
Ware, Darwin Erastus, 9, 406. 

Ephraim Groves, 5, 136. 

George Washington, Jr., 9, 6. 
Warner, Andrew Ferdinando, 3, 74. 
Warren, Charles Henry, 7, 107. 

George Washington, 8, 139. 
i- John Collins, 3,28. 

John Wright, 6, 311. 

Moses Conant, 9, 18. 

William Edward, 7, 229. 

William Wilkins, 9, 4. 
Washburn, Eli, 7, 351. 

Emory, 7, 242. 
«*• Israel, 8, 138. 

Nehemiah, 7, 42. 

Peter Thacher, 6, 376. 
Wason, Elbridge, 8, 309. 
Waterman, Charles Cotesworth. 

Pinckney, 8, 191. 

Thomas, 7, 142. 
Waters, Edwin Forbes, 9, 190. 
Watson, John Lee, 8, 186. 
Webber, Samuel, 8, 23. 
Webster, Daniel, 1, 430. 

John Gerrish, 8, 245. 

William Holcomb, 9, 321. 
Weld, Aaron Davis, 8, 389. 

Francis Minot, 8,244;9, 170. 

Stephen Minot, 6, 254. 

William Fletcher, 8, 77. 

William Gordon, 9, 327. 
^Wendell, Jacob, 6, 117. 
Wentworth, John, 8, 363. 

Philip Henry, 8, 257. 



464 



INDEX 



Weston, David Brainard, 9, 169. 

William Low, 8, 375. 
Wetmore, James Carnahan, 9, 277. 
Wheatland, Henry, 9, 116. 
Wheaton, Laban Morey, 6, 76. 
Wheeler, John, 5, 11. 

William Francis, 9, 20. 
Wheelwright, George William, 7, 

347. 
Wheildon, William Wilder, 9, 65. 
Whipple, Oliver Mayhew, 7, 22. 
Whitcomb, James, 1, 423. 

Samuel, Jr., 7, 323. 
White, Albert Smith, 6, 34. 

Ambrose Haskell, 8, 49. 

Daniel Appleton, 4, 248. 

Henry, 8, 12. 

John Gardner, 9, 350. 

Joseph, 9, 26. 

Pliny Holton, 6, 332. 
Whitehead, William Adee, 8, 183. 
Whiting, Nathaniel, 7, 5. 

William, 7, 67. 
Whitman, Ezekiel, 6, 172. 
Whitmore, Charles Octavius, 8, 229. 
Whitney, Frederick Augustus, 8, 
14. 

Henry Austin, 8, 375. 

Thomas Edwin, 7, 222. 
Whittemore, Bernard Bemis, 9, 120. 
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 9, 90. 
Whitwell, William, 6, 404. 
Wiggin, John Kimball, 7, 164. 
Wight, Orlando Williams, 8, 365. 
Wilbor, Otis, 3, 285. 
Wilde, Samuel Sumner, 2, 368. 
Wilder, Marshall Pinckney, 8, 283. 

Moses Hale, 7, 342. 
Wilkins, John Hubbard, 4, 368. 
Wilkinson, Ezra, 8, 89. 
Willard, Joseph, 6, 110. 

Moses Thompson, 8, 143. 



Willard, Paul, Jr., 6, 289. 
Williams, Charles Kilborn, 2, 17. 

Eleazer, 3, 252. 

James Fouquet, 8, 278. 

John Fletcher, 9, 259. 

Stalham, 7, 52. 

Stephen West, 2, 389. 
Williamson, William Durkee, 1, 13 
Willis, Clement, 8, 397. 

William , 6, 378. 
Willson, Edmund Burke, 9, 265. 
Wilmot, Robert Duncan, 9, 36. 
Wilson, Edward Chase, 9, 133. 

Elisha Tyson, 7, 24. 

Henry, 7, 188. 

William Martin, 5, 470. 
Winslow, Almerin Henry, 8, 262. 

Edward, 8, 142. 

Samuel WaUis, 9, 279. 
Winthrop . Robert Charles, 9, 225. 

William, 6, 339. 
Wise, William Gray, 8, 274. 
Wolcott, Joshua Huntington, 9, 30. 

Samuel, 8, 248. 
Wood, Isaac Francis, 9, 284. 

John, 7, 377. 
Woodbury, Levi, 1, 295. 
Woodman, Cyrus, 8, 380. 
Woodward, Ashbel, 8, 237. 

Royal, 8, 115. 
Woodwell, Charles Henry, 6, 426. 
Wooldredge, John, 9, 56. 
Wooley, Charles, 8, 279. 
Wright, Eben, 8, 41. 

George Wellman, 9, 398. 

John Harvey, 7, 352. 

John Stratton, 7, 108. 

Thomas, 7, 276. 
Wyman, Thomas Bellows, 7, 289. 
Wynne, Thomas Hicks, 7, 140. 

York, Jasper Hazen, 7, 98. 



INDEX. 

Names of persons and places incidentally mentioned in Volume IX. 



-, 181, 396. 



Abbott, — 

Elizabeth, 439. 

Nehemiah, 389. 
Abercrombie, Charles Steadman, 
316. 

Mary Josephine, 316. 
Aberdeen, Scotland, 124. 
Abington, Mass., 47, 125, 270, 271. 
Acton-Clinton, England, 234. 
Adams, Alvin, 75, 275. 

Benjamin, 224. 

George M., 78. 

Harriet, 297. 

I. H., 75. 

Louisa Ann, 224. 

M. O., 85. 

Maria J., 93. 

Mary, 362. 

Samuel, 348. 

William, 362. 
Agassiz, Louis, 58, 420. 
Agawam, Mass., 119, 200, 202. 
Aiken, Sally, 132. 
Albany, N. H., 175. 
Albany, N. Y., 52, 89, 104, 130, 
141, 166, 317, 370, 377, 
378, 404. 
Alden, A. B., 298. 

Albert, 297, 298. 

Arthur Leslie, 298. 

Betsey, 298. 

Charlotte Bates, 297. 

Daniel, 297. 

Harriet, 297. 

John, 166, 297, 301, 368. 

John Henry Harlow, 298. 

Joseph, 297. 

Mary Harlow, 298. 

Otis, 297. 

Priscilla, 297. 

Samuel, 297. 
Aldrich, George, 247. 

Peleg Emory, 249. 

Sarah, 249. 



Alexander, Eugenia Frink, 403. 

Francis, 403. 
Alexandria, Va., 10, 108, 191, 345. 
Alfred the Great, 320. 
Alicante, Spain, 76. 
Allen, , 77. 

Elisha, 35. 

Francis R., 217. 

Frederick Baylies, 217. 

Hannah, 20. 

Joseph, 348. 

Josiah, 215, 

Martha Jane, 20. 

Mary Coleman, 12. 

Mary Jones, 43. 

Mary Richmond, 216. 

Micah, 215. 

Morrill, 20. 

Otis, 215. 

Samuel, 215. 

Susanna, 215. 

Willard S., 43. 

William C, 12. 
Allston, Mass., 365. 

Alsop, , 74. 

Alton, 111., 355. 
Altona, Germany, 370. 
Ambrose, Hannah, 60, 381. 

Stephen, 381. 
Ames, Anna C, 293. 

Elsie A., 152. 

Eveline O., 292. 

Frederick L., 150, 151, 152. 

Helen Angier, 152. 

John, 149, 292. 

John Stanley, 152. 

Lothrop, 152. 

Mary Shreve, 152. 

Oakes, 149, 150, 292. 

Oliver, 149, 150, 152, 293, 335. 

Rebecca Caroline, 152. 

Sarah, 149. 

Thomas, 149, 292. 

William, 149. 



465 



466 



INDEX 



Amesbury, Mass., 90. 

Amherst, Mass., 6, 120, 287, 381. 

Amherst, N. H., 173. 

Amory, , 210. 

Catherine Willard, 340. 
Andover, Mass., 55, 61, 97, 129, 
174, 187, 224, 225, 279, 
331, 352, 360, 384, 396, 
401, 403, 436. 
Andre, John, 49. 
Andrew, Abigail, 261. 

Cornelia Thayer, 263. 

Eliza Jones, 261. 

Elizabeth, 261, 263. ' 

Grace, 261. 

Harriet, 263. 

John, 261. 

John A., 59, 75, 125, 392. 

John Albion, 261, 389. 

John F., 335. 

John Forrester, 262, 263, 389. 

Jonathan, 261. 

Joseph, 261. 

Mary, 261. 

Nancy Green, 261. 

Nathaniel, 261. 

Robert, 261. 
Andrews, Anna, 256. 

E. B., 43. 

Henry, 256. 

Mary A., 256. 
Angwine, Honor, 353. 
Annapolis, Md., 25, 32, 186, 243. 
Anthony, Edmund, 349. 
Antigua, W. I., 331. 
Antioch, O., 57, 58. 
Apalachicola, Fla., 128, 132. 
Apple ton, , 173. 

Elizabeth, 35. 

Francis, 35. 

Isaac, 35. 

John, 35. 

Samuel, 35, 391. 
Arlington, Mass., 4, 38, 40, 77, 93, 

166, 196, 332. 
Arnold, , 319. 

George Carpenter, 440. 

Kesia, 175. 

Mercy, 439. 

Phebe Rhodes, 440. 

Sarah Rhodes, 440. 
Arrington, England, 250. 
Arthur, Chester A., 31, 41. 
Ashfield, Mass., 94. 
Ashland, Mass., 385. 
Aspatua, England, 315 



Aspinwall, Susan, 422. 

William H., 422. 
Athens, Greece, 378. 
Atherton, Catherine, 173. 

Humphrey, 251. 
Athol, Mass., 146, 369. 
Attleborough, Mass., 292. 
Auburn, N. Y., 21. 
Augusta, Me., 3, 200, 202, 203. 
Austin, Ariana Elizabeth, 290. 

Ebenezer, 289. 

James Walker, 290. 

Lucy, 289. 

Nathaniel, 289. 

Richard, 289. 

William, 289. 
Austin, Texas, 143. 
Avery, Anne Eliza, 361. 

David, 114. 

Elizabeth, 127. 

Elizabeth P., 114. 

Lydia L., 114. 

Margaret Cook, 127. 

Mary, 361. 

Rebecca, 114. 

Samuel, 361. 
Ayer, Mary, 369. 
Aytoun, Robert, 14. 

Babcock, Caroline Elizabeth 
Vassar, 123. 

Olive Bicknell, 123. 

Rufus, 123. 
Bache, Antoinette, 433. 

Louis, 432. 

Mary Ann, 432. 

Sarah, 432. 
Bacon, , 281, 415. 

Peter C, 248. 
Baden, Germany, 340. 

Badger, , 181. 

Bailey, Hannah, 396. 
Bain, Isabella, 15. 

John, 15. 
Bakeman, Sarah, 85. 
Baker, Bessie Allen, 393. 

Edmund, 3. 

Elizabeth, 3. 

Elizabeth Mary, 333. 

EUen, 393. 

James, 3. 

John, 3, 391. 

John Israel, 392, 393. 

John S., 393. 

Joseph, 391. 

Lucy, 391. 



INDEX 



467 



Baker, Mary, 393. 

Richard, 3. 

Sarah, 3. 

Thomas, 391. 

Walter, 373. 
Baker Genealogy, 3. 
Baldwin, Barnabas, 234. 

Byron Anastasius, 438. 

Carolina, 235. 

Caroline, 438. 

Charles, 234. 

Enos-Stanley, 437. 

Henrietta, 437. 

Katherine Stewart, 438. 

Lodrick Ives, 437. 

Nathaniel, 437, 438. 

Remus, 437. 

Richard, 234. 

Samuel, 437. 

Sarah A., 77. 

Seymour Wesley, 234. 

Sylvanus, 234. 

Sylvester, 234. 

Walter Sterrett, 438. 
Ball, , 214, 261, 345. 

Thomas, 240. 

True M., 213. 
Ballister, Joseph, 86. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 334. 
Balstone, England, 318. 
Baltimore, Md., 24, 25, 47, 53, 54, 
71, 72, 118, 127, 134, 183, 
299, 355. 
Bancroft, Aaron, 32. 

George, 33, 191, 372. 

Lucetta, 33. 

Samuel, 33. 

Thomas, 33. 
Bangor, Me., 35, 50, 128, 182, 284, 
404. 

Banker, , 375. 

Banks, , 392. 

Bar Harbor, Me., 429. 
Barber, Louisa A., 435. 

Mary, 278. 
Barbour, J. N., 375. 
Bari, Italy, 84. 
Barker, Henrietta, 57. 
Barnes, , 61. 

Albert, 139, 152. 
Barnstable, Mass., 308. 
Barnstead, N. H., 365. 
Barre, Mass., 248, 249. 
Barrett, Anna, 333. 

Charles Edwards, 333. 

Dorcas, 333. 



Barrett, Elizabeth, 333. 

Elizabeth Mary, 333. 

George Potter, 334. 

Hannah, 333. 

James, 333. 

John, 333. 

Martha, 333. 

Rebecca, 333. 

Sarah, 333. 
Barritt, William, 48. 
Bartholomew, Fanny Elizabeth, 

171. 
Bartlett, , 428. 

George E., 56. 

Ichabod, 69. 

Sidney, 302. 
,368. 



Bassett, 



,94. 



Elizabeth, 227. 

Ellen Brastow, 344. 
Batavia, N. Y., 196. 

Batchelder, , 194. 

Batcheller, A. H., 60. 

Abraham, 60. 

Alfred, 60. 

Alice, 60. 

David, 60. 

E., 60. 

Edith, 60. 

Emeline, 60. 

Ezra, 60. 

Francis, 60. 

Helen, 60. 

John, 60. 

Joseph, 60. 

Relutia, 60. 

Robert, 60. 
Bates, , 111. 

Daniel, 21. 

Mildred, 235. 

Sarah, 21. 

Sarah A., 21. 
Bath, Me., 34. 
Bath, N. H., 93. 
Baylies, Mary Richmond, 216. 

Thomas, 217. 
Beach, , 351. 

George, 351. 

Mary, 351. 
Beaconsfield, Lord, 221, 444. 
Beal, Alexander, 5. 
Bean, Aaron, 433. 

Aaron Heywood, 434. 

John, 433. 

Joshua, 433. 

Mary, 434. 



468 



INDEX 



Bean, Sarah, 433. 
Beane, Samuel C, 233. 

Beard, , 74. 

Bearse, Molly, 424. 
Beatson, Mary, 72. 
Beattie, Aurelia L., 38. 

Jane D., 38. 

William, 38. 
Beckwith, Alice Dexter, 131. 

Truman, 131. 
Bedfordshire, England, 237, 295. 
Bedlington, Henrietta Moody, 236. 

Timothy, 236. 
Beebe, J. M., 407. 

James M., 294. 
Beecher, Frances A., 176. 

Henry Ward, 310. 

Laban S., 176. 

Louisa A., 176. 
Beekman, N. Y., 48. 
Beers, Anna, 140. 
Beirut, Syria, 360. 
Belfast, Ireland, 197, 418. 
Belfast, Me., 38, 387, 388, 389. 
Belgium, Holland, 383. 
Belknap, Elizabeth, 224. 

Mary Elizabeth, 340. 
Bell, Cora L., 147. 

James, 164. 

John, 163. 

Mary Elizabeth, 165. 

Samuel, 147. 

Samuel D., 147. 

Samuel Dana, 164. 

Sarah Almira, 165. 
Bellamy, Joseph, 173. 
Bellows, Anne Foster, 58. 

Josiah, 58. 

Mary, 58. 
Bellows Falls, Vt., 112. 
Belmont, Mass., 6, 23, 166, 425, 426. 
Belmont, N. B., 36. 
Benezet, Anthony, 433. 

Antoinette, 433. 

Benn, , 214. 

Bennett, Eleanor, 4. 

Joshua, 4. 

Rebecca, 4. 

Samuel C, 28. 
Bennington, Vt., 26, 42, 370. 
Bentley, , 195. 

William, 201. 
Berkeley, S. C, 210. 
Berkley, Mass., 40. 
Berlin, Conn., 42. 
Berlin, Germany, 32, 88, 370, 372. 



Beusalem, Penn., 433. - 

Beverly, England, 72. 

Beverly, Mass., 121, 194, 230, 252, 

355, 357, 391, 392, 393. 
Beverly Farms, Mass., 157, 392. 
Biddeford, Me., 167. 
Bigelow, , 31, 51. 

Catherine, 163. 

Faith, 168. 

Jacob, 163. 

Katherine, 142. 

Sophia Viles, 229. 

Timothy, 142. 
Biglow, William, 299. 
Billerica, Mass., 4, 230, 231, 232, 

424. 
Billings, Ehrick, 18. 

Frederick, 17. 

John, 17. 

Joseph, 17. 

Julia, 17. 

Oel, 17. 

Parmly, 18. 

Sophia, 17. 

William, 17. 
Bilston, England, 211. 
Birchard, Sophia, 107. 
Birmingham, England, 295. 
Bishop, Eliza, 168. 

Nathaniel Holmes, 168. 
Bishopstoke, England, 289. 
Bisson, Lucy, 391. 
Black Oak, S. C, 210. 
Black Point, Me., 154. 
Blackman, Eliza Ann, 64. 

John, 64. 

Blaine, , 262. 

Blair, James, 152. 

Rebecca Caroline, 152. 
Blake, Anna, 117. 

Arthur Welland, 118. 

B. F., 404. 

Charles, 139. 

Charles E., 140. 

Charlotte A., 140. 

Edward, 117, 139. 

Frances, 118. 

George Baty, 117. 

Harriet, 33. 

John, 139. 

John Welland, 117. 

Jonathan, 139. 

Joseph, 117. 

Mary, 139. 

Solomon, 117. 

William, 117, 139, 140. 



INDEX 



469 



Blake family, 140. 
Blanchard, , 47. 

Eliza Cabot, 226. 

Francis, 226. 

Marianne, 226. 
Blasland, Lucretia, 110. 

Thomas, 110. 

William, 110. 
Blenkin, Emily Susan, 72. 

George, 72. 

George Wilfrid, 72. 

Grace Isabella, 72. 

Maria, 72. 

Maria Charlotte, 72. 

Mary, 72. 
Bliss, , 1. 

Adelia Maria, 319. 

Delia F., 319. 

Edward P., 319. 

Elizabeth, 127. 

Hannah L., 319. 

Harriet M., 319. 

Henry W., 319. 

Ichabod, 318. 

Jesse, 318. 

Jonathan, 318. 

Laura W., 319. 

Mary, 318. 

Mary E., 319. 

Samuel, 318. 

Thomas, 318. 
Blodgett, J. W., 229. 
Boase, Francis, 353. 
Bocking, England, 443. 
Bodge, George Madison, 46, 391. 

Bodwell, , 310. 

Bolles, , 281. 

Bolton, Mass., 414. 
Bond, , 1. 

Henry, 122. 
Boreham, England, 443. 
Borlace, Ann, 353. 
Boscawen, N. H., 311, 312. 
Boston, England, 72, 204. 
Boutelle, Lucretia, 110. 

Lydia, 80. 

Mary, 110. 

Nathaniel, 110. 

Boutwell, , 168. 

Bowdoin, James, 226. 
Bowen, Ellen, 310. 

George, 309. 

Griffith, 309. 

Henry, 309. 

Henry Chandler, 310, 

Isaac, 309. 



Bowen, Lucy Maria, 310. 

Lydia Wolcott, 309. 

Matthew, 309. 

William, 309. 
Boxborough, Mass., 171. 
Boyd, Jane, 387. 

Samuel, 387. 
Boylston, John Lane, 148. 

Mary Hallowell, 148. 
Boynton, Susannah, 31. 
Bradford, Andrew, 122. 

Jerusha, 424. 

William, 89, 424. 
Bradford, Mass., 43, 237, 423. 
Bradford, Vt., 280. 
Bradlee, Caleb Davis, 127, 416, 
417. 

Caroline, 417. 

Eliza Williams, 417. 

Elizabeth Davis, 415. 

Ella Frances, 154. 

Henry E., 154. 

Louise, 154. 

Samuel, 415. 
Brainard, Thomas, 152. 
Braintree, England, 443. 
Braintree, Mass., 149, 169, 179, 

215, 318, 369, 423. 
Braintree, Vt., 411. 
Brattleborough, Vt., 117. 

Brawley, , 444. 

Breck, Catherine D., 49. 

Daniel, 49. 

George, 49. 

Jane Elizabeth, 49. 

Joseph, 39. 

Mary S., 49. 

Breed, , 194. 

Brengle, Elizabeth, 71. 
Brentwood, N.H., 433. 
Brewer, Mary, 342. 

Submit, 381. 
Brewer, Me., 139. 
Brewster, , 277, 281. 

Elisha, 277. 

Joanna, 255. 

Jonathan, 255. 

Sarah, 277. 

William, 255, 388. 
Bridge, Edmund, 159. 

John, 159. 

Matthew, 159. 

Samuel, 159. 
Bridgeport, Conn., 355. 
Bridgewater, Mass., 33, 125, 166, 
187, 301, 368, 373. 



470 



INDEX 



-, 392. 



Briggs, — 

Brigham, David T., 348. 
Bright, John, 295. 
Brighton, England, 320. 
Brighton, Mass., 332, 413, 414, 

440. 
Brimfield, Mass., 318. 
Bristol, Me., 387, 388. 
Bristol, Penn., 46, 432, 433. 
Bristol, R. I., 340, 341, 346, 439. 
Brixton, England, 207, 311. 
Brock, Elizabeth, 229. 
Brockway family, 100. 
Brocky, Athalinda, 143. 
Bromfield, Elizabeth, 304. 
Brompton, England, 78. 
Brooke, Stopford W., 263. 
Brookfield, Mass., 348. 
Brookline, Mass., 18, 28, 40, 41, 
80, 112, 117, 118, 133, 239, 
264, 314, 329, 353, 399, 413, 
414, 419. 
Brooklyn, Conn., 175. 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 78, 106, 206, 235, 

309. 
Brooks, , 132, 261. 

Caleb, 109. 

Cotton Brown, 109. 

Edward, 109. 

John, 181. 

Mary Ann, 108. 

Phillips, 109, 240. 

Samuel, 109. 

Thomas, 108. 

W. H., 161. 

William Gray, 108, 109. 

William H., 407. 
Brower, Sarah, 419. 
Brown, , 226, 350, 421. 

Alice Dexter, 131. 

Charlotte A., 140. 

David H., 169. 

Dorcas B., 157. 

Fanny Bowen, 111. 

Fanny Wilder, 42. 

J. E., 118. 

Sarah, 401. 

Sidney Buchanan, 25. 

William, 103. 
Browne, Caroline, 256. 

Daniel, 255. 

George Morgan, 256. 

Mary, 255. 

Mary A., 256. 

Phebe, 255. 

Rhoda, 255. 



Browne, Samuel, 255. 

Thomas, 255. 

Tyler, 255. 

William, 255. 
Bruce, Huldah Ellen, 145. 
Brune, Anne, 127. 

Anne Henrietta, 127. 

Frederick William, 127. 
Brunswick, Me., 133. 
Bruton, England, 149. 
Bryant, , 297. 

Mary P., 327. 

William Cullen, 88. 
Buck, Amasa, 93. 

Lydia, 356. 

Maria J., 93. 

Polly, 93. 
Buckham, Anna, 400. 

George, 400. 

Georgeanna, 400. 
Buckingham, W. A., 395. 
Buckman, James, 46. 

Mary, 46. 

Rebecca, 46. 

William, 46. 
Buckminster, Olivia, 422. 
Bucknam, Fannie, 242. 
Bucksport, Me., 128, 182. 
Bucksted, Ann Maria, 387. 

Mary Elizabeth, 387. 
Buell, , 312. 

Elizabeth, 52. 

Horatio, 52. 

Sarah Josepha, 379. 
Buffalo, N. Y., 21. 
Buffum, Patience, 83. 
Bullard, Jabez, 434. 

Mary, 434. 

Bullock, , 243. 

Bunnell, Elizabeth, 146. 
Bunyan, John, 221. 

Burgoyne, , 202, 370. 

Burke, John, 101. 
Burlingame, Anson, 182. 
Burlington, Conn., 321. 
Burlington, Iowa, 391. 
Burlington, N. Y., 21, 22. 
Burlington, Vt., 17, 280. 
Burnap, G. W., 25. 
Burnett, Charles, 203. 

Charles Cutter, 204. 

Edward, 204. 

Elinor, 204. 

Esther, 204. 

Harry, 204. 

John Torrey, 204. 



INDEX 



471 



Burnett, Josephine, 204. 

Keziah, 203. 

Louisa, 204. 

Richard Torrey, 204. 

Robert Manton, 204. 

Ruth, 204. 

Waldo, 204. 
Burnham, I. H., 75. 

Walker, 75. 
Burrage, , 160. 

Charles H., 160. 

Elizabeth Amelia, 161. 

Helen, 271. 

John, 160. 

Johnson Carter, 271. 

Josiah, 160. 

Ruth, 160. 

Thomas, 160. 

William, 160. 
Burrage family, 160. 
Burrell, Herbert L., 128. 

Randall, 128. 

Zillah, 128. 
Burrill, Mary Elizabeth, 87. 
Burroughs, Charles, 402. 
Busby, Anne, 388. 
Butler, , 28. 

Benjamin F., 114, 243, 244, 
301, 323, 392. 

James, 198, 199. 

Lucia, 199. 

Peter, 199, 200. 

Stephen, 198. 
Byington, Ezra H., 79, 198, 264, 

270, 272. 
Byram, Anne, 125. 

Branch, 125. 

Huldah Allen, 125. 

Cabot, Arthur Tracy, 396. 
Caroline, 256. 
Edward, 256. 
Marianne, 226. 
Susan, 396. 
Caen, Normandy, 101. 
Cairo, 111., 312. 
Calais, Me., 154. 
Calcutta, India, 131, 291. 
Caldwell, Mary, 24. 
Calef , John, 345. 
Robert, 205. 
Cambridge, England, 72, 191. 
Cambridge, Mass., 11, 19, 38, 80, 
103, 104, 109, 116, 118, 
120, 121, 129, 148, 157, 
182, 183, 191, 213, 250, 
251, 274, 280, 281, 282, 



Cambridge, Mass., 305, 312, 319, 
326, 330, 332, 333, 334, 
335, 337, 347, 348, 350, 
351, 352, 359, 372, 379, 
385, 386, 387, 427. 
Cambridgeport, Mass., 80, 347, 386. 
Camden, N. J., 295, 296, 418. 
Camp, Margaret, 127. 

Margaret Cook, 127. 

William S., 127. 
Canandaigua, N. Y., 226. 
Canton, Conn., 106. 
Capen, Azubah, 135. 

Barnard, 391. 
Cardiganshire, Wales, 122. 
Carlsbad, Austria, 104. 
Carlton, Oliver, 359. 
Carlyle, Thomas, 221, 281. 

Carnot, , 324. 

Carpenter, C. C, 402, 403. 

Frederick B., 377. 

George, 375. 

George O., 377. 

George O., Jr., 377. 

Maria Josephine, 377. 

Mary Bentley, 375. 
Carroll, , 74. 

Charles, 54. 
Carruth, Anna Frances, 258. 

Charles, 258. 
Carter, , 271, 272. 

Ephraim, 270. 

Helen, 271. 

Lucy Lazelle, 270. 

Oliver, 270. 

Richard Bridge, 270. 

Samuel, 270. 

Thomas, 270. 
Cary, Amanda, 267. 
Casey, Abby Perry, 322. 

Abigail, 322. 

Adam, 322. 

Comfort, 322. 

Edward Pearce, 324. 

Elizabeth, 322. 

Emma, 324. 

Mary, 322. 

Sarah, 322. 

Silas, 322. 

Thomas, 322. 

Thomas Lincoln, 323, 324. 

Wanton, 322. 
Castine, Me., 85. 
Castlebar, Ireland, 418. 
Caughey, James, 43. 
Cavendish, Vt., 179, 267. 



472 



INDEX 



Chancellorsville, Va., 381. 
Chandler, , 396. 

Annis, 138. 

Elinor, 355. 

John Wilkes, 138. 

Josephine Rose, 139. 

Lucetta, 33. 

Mary, 138. 

Mary E., 139. 

Peleg W., 396. 

William, 138. 
Chandler family, 139. 
Chandler Genealogy, 137. 
Channing, William Ellery, 81, 409. 
Chapin, Fanny Bowen, 111. 

Harriet Louisa, 112. 

Josiah, 112. 

Levi, 112. 

Nathaniel, 111, 112. 

Nathaniel Gates, 112. 

Samuel, 111. 

Seth, 112. 
Charlemont, Mass., 26. 
Charles I, 209, 318, 399. 
Charles II, 209, 439. 
Charleston, S. C, 23, 209, 210, 211. 
Charlestown, Mass., 50, 51, 65, 69, 
70, 129, 145, 160, 166, 169, 
181, 183, 232, 270, 289, 307, 
326, 327, 333, 348, 362, 369, 
384, 410, 411, 435, 436, 437. 

Charlevoix, , 73. 

Charlottesville, Va., 175. 
Charlton, Mass., 348. 
Charlwood, England, 8. 
Charpentier, Priscilla, 381. 
Chase, Daniel H., 234. 

Sarah, 133. 
Chatham, Earl, 444. 
Chatham, Mass., 388. 
Chauncy, Charles, 222. 
Cheever, Eliza, 126. 

Ezekiel, 224. 

Susanna, 224, 225. 
Chelmsford, England, 443. 
Chelsea, Mass., 33, 55, 98, 99, 170, 

308, 369. 
Cheltenham, England, 123, 124. 
Cheney, , 31. 

Alice, 275, 277. 

Benjamin Pierce, 276. 

Benjamin Pierce, Jr., 277. 

Charles P., 277. 

Elias, 276. 

Elizabeth, 277. 

Elizabeth Stickney, 277. 



Cheney, Jesse, 275, 276. 

John, 276. 

Martha, 276. 

Mary, 277. 

Peter, 276. 

Tristram, 276. 
Cheraw, S. C, 143, 144. 
Cheshire, England, 430. 
Chester, N., H. 115, 147, 163, 164. 
Chester, O., 79. 

Chestnut Hill, Mass., 304, 305. 
Chetwood, Catherine Mary de Hart, 
278. 

Mary, 278. 

William, 278. 
Chicago, 111., 42, 88, 91, 186, 337, 
380, 397, 407, 438, 439, 441. 
Child, Simeon, 433. 
Childs, John L., 181. 
Chilton, Mary, 279. 
China, Me., 202. 
Chipman, Elizabeth, 146. 

John, 146. 

Mary, 146. 

Richard Harrison, 146. 

Samuel, 146. 
Chipman family, 146. 
Choate, , 232, 233. 

Adeline A., 355. 
Cholberg, England, 437. ' 
Choules, John Overton, 357. 
Church, Nathan, 103. 
Churchill, Asaph, 342, 344. 

Ellen Barrett, 344. 

Ellen Brastow, 344. 

Gardner Asaph, 343, 344. 

Hannah, 342. 

John, 342. 

Mary, 342. 

Mary Brewer, 344. 
Churchill Genealogv, 343. 
Cincinnati, O., 7, 28, 57, 79, 107, 
180, 186, 259. 

Claflin, , 243, 248, 

Clap, Asahel, 277. 

Caleb, 356. 

Elizabeth S., 277. 

Elizabeth Stickney, 277. 

Louisa, 355. 
Clapp, Azubah, 135. 

Bela, 59. 

Caroline, 59. 

David, 59, 136, 137. 

Hannah W., 59. 

John Cotton, 136. 

Jonathan, 135. 



INDEX 



473 



Clapp, Joshua, 59. 

Martha, 299. 

Mary Elizabeth, 137. 

Nathaniel, 135. 

Nicholas, 135. 

Roger, 299. 

Samuel, 59. 

Thomas, 59. 

William W., 59. 
Clapp Genealogy, 135. 
Clapp Memorial, 59, 137. 
Clarendon, Ark., 316. 
Clark, , 432. 

Abigail, 98. 

Emeline Marion, 315. 

George, 98. 

Hannah Tinkham, 212. 

Mary Ann, 161. 

Rufus, 435. 

Sally, 435. 

Sophia Dennison, 435. 
Clarke, Anne, 127. 

George Kuhn, 175. 

James Freeman, 397. 

Rebecca Parker, 397. 

Samuel, 397. 

Thomas, 397. 
Clarke family, 397. 
Clay, Henry, 54. 
Clayton, Powell, 316. 
Clement, Clara, 190. 
Cleveland, Grover, 149, 200, 233, 

254, 262, 321. 
Cleveland, 0., 112, 234, 235. 

Clifden, , 177. 

Clifton, England, 445. 
Cliftondale, Mass., 43. 
Clinch, Joseph Hart, 155. 

Mary Griselda, 155. 
Clinton, Canada, 380. 
Cobb, Abby, 37. 

Augustine, 37. 

Aurelia L., 38. 

Austin, 37. 

David, 37. 

David George Washington, 37. 
Coburn, Eliza Ann, 113. 

Hannah, 145. 

Huldah Ellen, 145. 

Lemuel, 145. 

Thomas, 113. 
Cock, Peter Larson, 295. 
Codman, , 189. 

Catherine Willard, 340. 

Henry, 340. 

John Amory, 340, 341. 



Codman, Mary Elizabeth, 340. 

Stephen, 340. 

William C, 340. 
Coffin, , 210. 

Charles Carleton, 312, 313, 314. 

Dionis, 207. 

Edward Langdon, 208. 

Elizabeth Peronneau, 210. 

Eunice, 311. 

Hannah, 311. 

Joanna Thember, 311. 

Lydia, 303. 

Marguretta, 208. 

Mary, 311. 

Peter, 207, 311. 

Sallie Russell, 311, 313, 314. 

Thomas, 311. 

Tristram, 207, 311. 

William, 208. 

William Edward, 208. 
Coggeshall, Abigail, 322. 
Coggin, Ellen, 184. 

Jacob, 184. 
Coggswell, J. G., 191. 

Cogswell, , 32, 126. 

Colburn, , 409. 

Calvin, 62. 

Catherine Sybil, 62. 

Eliza Ann, 64. 

Jeremiah, 64. 

Nathan, 62. 
Colby, Harrison G. O., 70. 

Jane Standish, 70. 
Colchester, England, 443. 

Colden, , 74. 

Collamore, Gilman, 364. 

John Hoffman, 365. 

Maria Eliza, 364. 
Collins, Rebecca, 333. 
Columbia, S. C, 143, 211. 
Columbus, O., 277. 
Colyng, John, 250. 

Thomas, 250. 
Comins, Barnabas, 348. 

Lucy, 348. 
Concord, Mass., 20, 39, 65, 87, 88, 
93, 109, 149, 217, 218, 219, 
231, 310, 390. 
Concord, N. H., 13, 16, 19, 80, 82, 
126, 138, 276, 381, 401, 427. 
Concord, Penn., 49. 
Coney, Charlotte Bates, 297. 

Connington, , 444. 

Converse, , 47. 

Benjamin, 206. 

Costello Coolidge, 207. 



474 



INDEX 



Converse, Emeline, 207. 

Emma Maria, 207. 

Georgiana, 215. 

James W., Jr., 207. 

James Wheaton, 207. 

Joseph, 206. 
Cook, Jay, 115. 
Coolidge, , 171. 

Emeline, 207. 

Fanny, 232. 

J. R., 396. 

John, 250. 

Joseph, 250. 

Joshua, 250. 

Josiah, 250. 

Mary, 250. 

Nathan, 207. 

Obadiah, 250. 

Simeon, 250. 

Simon, 250. 

Susan Gibson, 250. 

William, 250. 
Cooper, Peter, 54. 
Coote, Charles Henry, 2. 
Copeland, Charles, 396. 

Emily, 396. 

Huldah, 166. 

Susan, 396. 

Copley, , 44. 

Cordner, Mary Ann, 197. 

William, 197. 
Cordoba, 371. 

Cornell, William Mason, 253. 
Cornish, N. EL, 399. 
Cornwall, England, 353, 354. 

Cornwallis, , 226. 

Corn well, Adaline G., 395. 
Cotes, Christopher, 210. 
Cotter, Susan, 110. 
Cotting, Sarah Maria Wellington, 
166. 

William, 166. 
Cotton, John, 136. 

Joseph, 208. 

Marguretta, 208. 
Cotuit, Mass., 326. 
Couling, England, 250. 

Coulinge, de, , 250. 

Coventry, England, 129, 231. 
Cowdrey, A. H., 385. 
Cowles, Alice W., 435. 

Cramoisy, , 74. 

Cranbrook, England, 350. 
Crapo, William W., 212. 
Crehore, Lemuel, 161. 

Mary Ann, 161. 



Crehore, Mary Wyer, 162. 

Teague, 161. 
Crehore family, 162. 
Cresson Springs, Perm., 338. 
Cressy, Joanna, 393. 

Mary, 393. 

Maxwell, 393. 
Crete, Neb., 435, 436. 
Croasdale, Alice, 295. 
Crocker, , 281, 375. 

Abby, 37. 

Samuel, 37. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 143. 
Cromwell, Conn., 242. 
Crooke, Elizabeth, 367. 
Crowell, Marv, 20. 
Crown Pointy N. Y., 318. 

Crump, , 345. 

Cud worth, Warren H., 416. 
Cumberland, Md., 52. 
Cumberland, R. I., 325. 
Cumming, G. N., 180. 
Cummings, Charles A., 241. 
Cunningham, A., 37. 

C, 37. 

Charles, 37. 

J. Henry, 37. 
Curtis, Anna, 89. 

Benjamin R., 105, 175. 

Charles P., 175. 

Daniel Bates, 236. 

Elizabeth Burrill, 89. 

Francis M., 236. 

Frank George, 89. 

George, 87. 

George William, 157, 441. 

Henrietta Moody, 236. 

Mary Elizabeth, 87. 

Mary Gardiner, 105. 

Mildred, 235. 

Samuel, 158, 235. 

Sarah Ann, 158. 

Sarah Shaw, 89. 
Curtis family, 397. 

Curtius, , 95. 

Cushing, , 233, 319, 425. 

Anna Quincy, 292. 

Benjamin, 291. 

Caleb, 232. 

Hannah Gilbert, 426. 

Isaac, 201. 

Jerom, 291. 

Livingston, 28. 

Mary, 291. 

Matthew, 291. 

Nazareth, 291. 






INDEX 



475 



Cushing, Thomas, 369. 
Custis, G. W. P., 48. 
Cutter, Edward, 204. 

Josephine, 204. 

Ruth, 204. 

William R., 40, 137, 249, 410. 
Cutter family, 137. 
Cutting, Francis, 27. 

Dabney, Isabelle G., 87. 

Dale, , 399. 

Dalton, J. O., 304. 
Dalton, N. H., 170. 
Damariscotta, Me., 85. 
Danforth, , 349. 

Hannah, 26. 

John C, 85. 
Danvers, Mass., 38, 292, 327, 

344. 
Danville, Me., 294. 
Darlington, England, 220. 
Dartmouth, Mass., 7, 287, 387. 
Dauphin, Penn., 315. 
Davenport, Addington, 225. 

Charles Benedict, 206. 
Davenport, Io., 423. 
Davis, Charles Stuart, 333. 

Elizabeth Taylor, 333. 

Mary Cogswell, 333. 
Davis, , 61. 

Betsy, 60. 

Charles, 204. 

Edward, 60. 

Elizabeth, 204. 

Elizabeth French, 358. 

George H., 358. 

Harriet K, 61. 

Howland, 118. 

Jefferson, 132. 

John, 60. 

Jonathan, 60. 

Mary Jane, 184. 

Seth, 272. 

W. B., 89. 

William 60. 

Dayton, , 31. 

Dayton, O., 41. 
Dean, Hannah, 20. 

John Ward, 64, 331, 402, 403. 
Deane, Susanna, 215. 

William Roscoe, 350. 
Dedham, Mass., 33, 74, 229, 367, 

391, 422. 
DeKuype, Hendrick, 130. 
Delaware, O., 107, 259. 
Delhi, N. Y., 140. 



Dennett, Charles H., 128. 
Dennie, Caroline, 59. 

George, 59. 
Derry, N. H., 31, 164, 173. 
Detroit, Mich., 172, 398. 
Dettinger Parish, Va., 9. 

Devens, , 381. 

Devon, Penn., 146. 
Dexter, Elijah, 23. 

Emeline, 24. 

Mary, 23. 

Morton, 24. 
Dickens, Charles, 281. 
Dickenson, Martha, 333. 
Dickey, Adelaide Francis, 406. 
Dickinson, Hannah, 287. 

M. Fayette, 287. 

Sarah Amelia, 287. 

Dinsmore, , 271. 

Dixon, Thomas, 433. 
Doane, Alice W., 435. 

Caroline, 435. 

Frances, 435. 

Helen, 435. 

John, 435. 

Louisa A., 435. 

Thomas, 437. 

Timothy, 435. 

Samuel, 435. 

Simeon, 435. 

Sophia Dennison, 435. 
Dodge, , 229. 

Edward Sherman, 11. 

Frederick, 11. 

Isaac, 11. 

Lucy, 11. 

Mary Ann, 161. 

Paul, 11. 

Rachel, 11. 

Richard, 11. 

William Walter, 11. 
Dodge Genealogy, 195. 
Dorchester, England, 135. 
Dorchester, Mass., 3, 5, 24, 43, 46, 
64, 117, 125, 135, 139, 161, 
162, 181, 189, 207, 247, 251, 
252, 277, 291, 292, 299, 342, 
343, 344, 350, 373, 391, 397, 
415, 416. 

Doton, , 290. 

Douglass, Mary E., 139. 
Dover, Mass., 206, 276, 277. 
Dover, N. H., 70, 133, 365, 366. 
Dover Plains, N. Y., 48. 
Dow, Willard, 423. 
Dows, John, 22. 



476 



INDEX 



Dows, Sarah, 22. 
Dracut, Mass., 301. 
Drake, , 20, 23, 225. 

Samuel G., 202. 
Drowne, Elizabeth, 439, 440. 

Esther, 439. 

Henry Bernardin, 440. 

Henry Russell, 440. 

Henry Thayer, 440, 441, 442. 

Julia Ann, 440. 

Leonard, 439. 

Mercy, 439. 

Sarah, 439. 

Sarah Rhodes, 440. 

Shem, 439. 

Solomon, 439, 441. 
Drury, Lydia, 410. 
Dublin, Ireland, 101, 123, 153, 177, 

304, 384. 
Dudley . Clara Louisa, 405. 

Elizabeth L., 404. 

James, 404. 

James Frederick, 405. 

John, 404. 

Nettie S., 405. 

Samuel, 404. 

Stephen, 404. 

Thomas, 404. 

Thomas H., 296. 
Dudley, Mass., 138. 
Duffield, Maria, 152. 
Dukenfield, England, 341. 
Dumaresq, Jane Fraser, 44. 

Dunbar, , 271. 

Dunino, Scotland, 14. 
Dunstable, N. H., 242. 
Durrie, Horace, 89. 

Johannah, 89. 

John, 89. 

Du Simitiere, , 296. 

Dustin, Hannah, 427. 
Dutton, Esther, 179. 
Duxbury, Mass., 40, 67, 398, 400. 
Dyer, Louisa J., 189. 

Eames, Abigail Frye, 353. 

Sophia Matilda, 353. 
Earle, Patience, 83. 

Pliny, 83. 

Ralph, 83. 

Robert, 83. 

William, 83. 
East Boston, Mass., 43, 390, 416. 
East Bridgewater, Mass., 125. 
East Concord, N. H., 16. 
East Derry, N. H., 91. 



East Gloucester, Mass., 344. 
East Granby, Conn., 146. 
East Hampton, Mass., 186. 
East Machias, Me., 223. 
East Thomaston, Me., 38. 
East Windsor, Conn., 21, 277. 
Eastham, Mass., 345. 
Eastman, Benjamin, 97. 

Charles R., 306. 

Clara Augusta, 98. 

Edmund, 97. 

Edmund Chase, 98. 

Edmund Tucker, 98. 

Joseph Leonard, 98. 

Joshua, 97. 

Mary, 31. 

Mary Bassett, 98. 

Roger, 97. 

Susan Chase, 97. 

Susannah, 31. 

Tappan, 31. 
Easton, Mass., 149, 292. 
Eaton, Abigail, 367. 

Elizabeth, 115. 

Herbert Francis, 115. 

John Eliot, 309. 

Lydia Wolcott, 309. 
Eddy, Charlotte Elizabeth, 187. 
Eddy family, 187. 
Edgecomb, Me., 11. 
Edinburgh, Scotland, 123, 229, 353, 
384. 

Edison, , 287. 

Edward I, 250. 

Edward III, 267. 

Edwards, , 172, 173. 277. 

Elizabeth, 172, 333. 

Hannah, 277. 

Jonathan, 172. 

Jonathan Walter, 172. 

Richard, 172. 

Timothy, 172, 277. 

William, 172. 
Eiker, Charles Finley, 438. 

Katherine Stewart, 438. 
Eldridge, , 286. 

Polly, 435. 

Elgin, , 185. 

Elgin, 111., 424, 425. 

Eliot, Andrew, 333. 

Eliot, Me., 153, 154. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 443. 

Elizabeth, N. J., 73, 277, 278, 288. 

Elliott, Mary Ann, 99. 

Ellis, Adelaide Louisa, 113. 

Anna Cornelia, 113. 



INDEX 



477 



Ellis, Caleb L., 246. 

Eliza Ann, 113. 

Eliza Ann Coburn, 113. 

Elizabeth Bourne, 213. 

Harriet, 113. 

Joshua, 113. 

Leonard Bolles, 247. 

Martha Josephine, 113. 

Moses, 85. 

Rosetta, 213. 

Rufus, 415. 

Sarah, 113. 

Sarah Frances, 113. 

Thomas, 213. 

William Smith, 8. 
Ellison, Edward D., 326. 

Mary Winsor, 326. 
Elmira, N. Y., 214. 
Emeline Furnace, Penn., 315. 
Emerson, Brown, 27. 

George B., 422. 

Hannah, 427. 

Harriet A., 27. 

Lucy B., 422. 

Lydia Porter, 227. 

Maria Josephine, 377. 

Olivia, 422. 

Ralph Waldo, 191, 282, 299, 
331, 332. 
Emery, Anthony, 167, 283, 384. 

Caroline Sweetser, 385. 

Edward Stanley, 385. 

Eliza, 168. 

Eliza Kate, 168. 

Faith, 168. 

Francis Faulkner, Jr., 385. 

Francis Welch Roberts, 384. 

Heber Bishop, 168. 

Helen Bigelow, 168. 

Hiram, 283. 

Hiram Eddy, 283. 

Isaac, 167. 

James, 167, 283. 

Job, 283. 

John, 167, 283, 384. 

Jonathan, 384. 

Joseph, 283. 

Joshua, 384. 

Maria Sweetser, 385. 

Mary Haviland, 168. 

Prudence, 284. 

Rachel, 283. 

Sarah R., 168. 

Sophronia, 384. 

Thomas, 167. 

William, 283. 



Emery, William Bishop, 168. 

William Henry, 168. 
Emery family, 284. 
Emmetsburg, Md., 338. 
Emmons, Francis W., 7. 

Mary A. H., 7. 

Sarah Abby, 7. 
Endicott, John, 96. 
Enfield, Conn., 43. 
Epping, N. H., 115. 
Ericson, Leif, 104, 105. 
Erie, Penn., 437. 
Erskine, Clara, 190. 
Estabrook, Anna, 38, 39. 

John, 38, 39. 

John Russell, 38, 39. 
Eustace, Sarah, 333. 
Eustis, Sarah, 333. 

Evans, , 115. 

£vans, N. Y., 53. 
Evanston, 111., 186. 
Evelyn, W. Granville, 296. 
Everett, , 392. 

Edward, 224, 286. 

Edward B., 224. 
Everett, Mass., 203, 307. 
Ewell, England, 76. 
Ewer, Charles, 236. 
Exeter, England, 256, 320. 
Exeter, N. H., 115, 147, 149, 154, 
163, 164, 165, 329, 333, 427 ; 
433. 

Fabitjs, N. Y., 424. 
Fairbanks, Abigail, 422. 

Abner, 422. 

Clara, 423. 

Joel, 422. 

John, 422. 

Jonathan, 422. 

Joseph, 422. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 423. 
Fairbanks family, 423. 
Fairebanke, Jonathan, 422. 
Fairfax, Randolph, 10. 
Fairhaven, Mass., 103. 
Fairlee, Vt., 145. 
Fall River, Mass., 43, 325, 415. 
Falmouth, Mass., 308. 
Farley, Elizabeth Ann, 184. 

Michael, 184. 
Farmer, John, 312. 

Moses G., 312. 

Sallie Russell, 311. 
Farnham, Ephraim, 401. 

Eugenia Frink, 403. 



478 



INDEX 



Farnham, Luther, 402, 403. 

Sarah, 401. 
Farnsworth, , 10. 

H. A., 10. 

Sarah M., 10. 

Farragut, , 274. 

Farrar, Timothy, 202. 
Farrington, Charlotte A., 140. 
Faulkner, Edward, 384. 

Sophronia, 384. 
Fay, Eugenia Frink, 403. 

Levi, 403. 
Felt,- —227. 



Felton, 



411. 



Samuel M., 436. 
Fenno, Edward Nicholl, 182. 

Ephraim, 181. 

Florence Harding, 182. 

John, 181. 

John Brooks, 182. 

Lawrence Carteret, 182. 

Rebecca, 181. 

Ruth, 369. 

Samuel, 181. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 182. 

Temperance, 181. 
Fermo, Italy, 84. 
Fernald, Elizabeth, 154. 

James, 154. 

Mary, 154. 
Ferry, O. S., 321. 
Fessenden, J. M., 191. 
Field, , 175, 266. 

Isaac, 206, 207. 

John, 77, 207. 

Robert, 77. 

Sarah A., 77. 

William, 77. 

William E., 77. 

Fields, , 281. 

Fifeshire, Scotland, 14. 
Finchingfield, England, 443. 
Fisher, Harriet C, 193. 

Harriet Louisa, 112. 

Jabez, 112. 

Susanna, 112. 
Fisk, Sally, 7. 
Fiske, Andrew, 105. 

Gertrude Hubbard, 105. 

Harriet, 367. 
Fitch, Anjinette, 129. 

John, 433. 
Fitchburg, Mass., 19. 
Fletcher, Mary Anne, 1, 2. 

Richard, 180. 

William, 1, 2. 



Flint, Mary A., 411. 
Florence, Italy, 286. 
Fogg, Abigail, 154. 

Anne, 153. 

Charles Joseph, 154. 

Daniel, 153. 

Elizabeth, 154. 

Elizabeth Deed, 154. 

Ella Frances, 154. 

Francis Joseph, 154. 

Hannah, 154. 

James, 154. 

John, 154. 

John Samuel Hill, 154, 155. 

Mary Griselda, 155. 

Samuel, 153. 

Sarah Frances, 154. 

William, 154. 

William John Gordon, 154. 
Ford, Anne Frances, 320. 

James, 320. 
Fordham, N. Y., 73. 
Forest Hill, England, 14. 
Fort Kearney, 436. 
Fosdick, Anna, 333. 

Hannah, 333. 
Foster, , 181, 193, 232, 265. 

Annie, 230. 

Clara,. 327. 

Fannie, 410. 

Frank D., 231. 

Harriet, 410. 

Herman, 410. 

John, 409, 410. 

John Howard, 231. 

Joseph, 230. 

Louisa, 231. 

Lucy, 408. 

Mary Alice, 231. 

Reginald, 230, 410. 

Samuel, 230. 
Fowle, William, 215. 
Fowler, Elizabeth, 204. 

Mary, 205. 

Philip, 205. 
Fowler family, 205. 
Fox, , 433. 

Abigail, 367. 

Margaret Jane, 367. 

William, 367. 
Foxborough, Mass., 297, 425. 
Framingham, Mass., 80, 84, 203. 

Franceis, , 358. 

Franconia, N. H., 217. 

Francus, , 358. 

Frankford, Penn., 83. 



INDEX 



479 



Franklin, Benjamin, 432, 433. 

Sarah, 432. 
Franklin, 111, 424. 
Franklin, Mass., 33, 66, 268. 
Franklin, N. H., 267. 
Frederick, Md., 52. 
Frederick City, Md., 71. 
Fredericksburg, Va., 381. 
Fredericton, N. B., 36. 
Freeman, , 281. 

James, 397. 

John, 76. 
Freetown, Mass., 23. 

Fremont, , 88, 230. 

Fremont, O., 107. 
French, , 179, 358. 

Aaron Davis Weld, 358. 

Amos, 115. 

Benjamin Brown, 115. 

Betsey Smith, 115. 

Daniel, 115. 

Edward, 115. 

Elizabeth, 115. 

Elizabeth French, 358. 

Ellen, 115. 

Elsie, 115. 

Gould, 115. 

Hannah Weld, 357. 

Jonathan, 357. 

Joseph, 115. 
French family, 358. 
Frothingham, , 65. 

Cornelia, 30. 

Frederick, 330. 

Harriet, 30. 

Samuel, 30. 

Froude, , 178, 220. 

Fry, Joshua, 10. 
Fuller family, 397. 
Furber, , 61. 

Charles, 61. 
Furness, Annis Lee, 301. 

Annis Pulling, 300, 301. 

Frank, 301. 

Horace Howard, 301. 

Rebecca, 299. 

William, 299. 

William Henry, 300, 301. 

Gadsby, Maky Augusta, 119. 
Gage, Benjamin, 193. 

Betsey, 193. 
Galesville, Wis., 417. 
Gallup, Albert, 141. 

Lucy, 141. 
Galpin, Jennie Doane, 42. 



Gambier, O., 107. 

Gardiner, Mary L'Hommedieu, 105. 

Phoebe Dayton, 105. 

Samuel Smith, 105. 
Gardiner, Me., 332. 
Gardner, Dorothy Hancock, 350. 

Mary Levis, 346. 

Mary Louisa, 414. 

Stephen P., 414. 
Garfield, James A., 31. 
Garrison, William Lloyd, 208, 232. 
Gaston, , 254. 

Alexander, 175. 

John, 175. 

Kesia, 175. 

Louisa A., 176. 

Sarah Howard, 176. 

Theodore Beecher, 176. 

William Alexander, 176. 
Gay, Caroline, 417. 
Geneva, Switzerland, 297. 
Genoa, Nev., 118. 
George, King, 378. 
Georgetown, D. C, 9. 
Germantown, Penn., 430. 
Gerrish, , 193. 

James S., 45. 
Gibbons, Thomas, 353. 
Gibson, Georgiana, 215. 
Giessen, Germany, 104. 
Gilbert, , 61, 128. 

Betsy, 60. 
Gill, Mass., 384. 
Gilman, , 333. 

Elizabeth Taylor, 333. 

John Taylor, 165. 

Joseph Smith, 329. 

Joseph Taylor, 165. 

Mary Elizabeth, 165. 

Nicholas, 165. 

Sarah Almira, 165. 
Gilmore, Eveline O., 292. 
Gilsum, N. H., 16. 
Givan, John, 82. 

Mary Howe, 82. 
Glastonbury, England, 388. 
Gleason, , 61. 

Benjamin, 65. 

Fannie M., 187. 

Juliet Rebecca, 65. 

Rebecca Wilder, 65. 
Glendale, O., 7. 
Glens Falls, N. Y., 52. 
Glidden, Catherine C, 110. 

Emma Field, 110. 

Frances Cooper, 110. 



480 



INDEX 



Glidden, John, 109, 110. 

JohnM., 110. 

Mary I., 110. 

MaryS., 110. 

Sarah, 109. 

Simon Handley, 110. 

Susan, 110. 

Susan Cotter, 110. 

William Henry, 110. 
Gloucester, Mass., 94, 125, 207, 

208, 239. 
Gloucester, R. I., 325. 
Goddard, Calvin, 255. 

Caroline L., 329. 

Charles, 329. 

Goethe, , 95. 

Goff, , 325. 

Goffe, , 399. 

Goffstown, N. H., 214. 

Goldthwait, , 111. 

Gooch, Sarah, 433. 
Goodale, Elizabeth, 322. 
Goodell, AbnerC, Jr., 195. 
Goodenough, Sally, 435. 
Goodhue, Martha, 116. 
Goodrich, Rebecca, 42. 
Goodridge, Abba Frances, 171. 

Joseph, 171. 
Goodwin, Daniel, 49. 

Jane Elizabeth, 49. 

Mary Ann, 301. 

Mary S., 49. 
Gookin, , 214. 

C. B., 214. 

Daniel, 213. 

John Cotton, 213. 

S. H., 213, 214. 

Samuel, 213. 
Gordon, Frances, 154. 

George A., 84. 
Goshen, Conn., 103. 
Gotha, Germany, 370. 
Gottingen, Germany, 32, 370, 372. 
Gould, Arethusa, 424. 

B. A., 304. 

Benjamin, 370. 

Benjamin A., 299. 

Benjamin Apthorp, 371, 372. 

John, 370. 

Mary Apthorp, 372. 

Patience, 424. 

Sally, 410. 

Samuel, 424. 

Zaccheus, 370, 372. 
Governeur, N. Y., 172. 
Gowing, Clara Elizabeth, 229. 



Gowing, Elizabeth, 229. 

Franklin Patch, 229. 

Henry Augustus, 230. 

James, 229. 

John, 229. 

John HiU, 229. 

Mary Sophia, 229. 

Robert, 229. 

Samuel, 229. 

Sophia Viles, 229. 
Grafton, Abigail, 261. 

John, 261. 
Grafton, Mass., 265, 319. 
Grafton, W. Va., 170. 
Granby, Conn., 394. 
Granby, Mass., 360. 
Grand Rapids, Mich., 207. 
Granger, Adele, 226. 

Francis, 226. 
Grant, , 352. 

Samuel, Jr., 267. 

Ulysses S., 41, 170, 243, 259, 
267, 312, 313, 382. 
Grant Genealogy, 100. 
Gray, " Billy," 410. 

Elizabeth, 146. 

Harrison, 165. 

John, 445. 

Mary Elizabeth, 165. 

Mary Holmes, 445. 

Susan G., 94. 
Great Barrington, Mass., 287, 288. 
Great Falls, N. H., 69, 70, 164. 
Greeley, Horace, 253. 
Greeman, Mary, 322. 
Green, Dorcas, 333. 

Harriet, 113. 

Joanna, 393. 

John, 113. 

Samuel A., 64. 

Thomas, 196. 
Greene, Charles W., 331. 

David, 331. 

Helen E., 196. 

John, 331. 

Rebecca, 331. 

Samuel Dana, 196. 
Greenfield, Mass., 47. 

Greenhalge, , 263. 

Greenleaf, , 184, 285. 

Simon, 359. 
Greenock, Scotland, 301. 
Greenough, Frances, 118. 

Henry, 118. 
Greenwich, England, 370. 
Greenwood, F. W., 299. 



INDEX 



481 



Gregg, Alexander, 144. 

Athalinda, 143. 

Charlotte, 144. 

David, 143. 

Elinor, 143. 

James, 143, 144. 

John, 143, 144. 

Joseph, 143. 

Mary, 143. 

Grevy, , 295. 

Grew, John, 295. 

Sarah Page, 295. 
Griggs, Emmeline, 133. 
Griswold, Alexander, 70. 
Groton, Conn., 114. 
Groton, Mass., 10, 62, 142, 161. 

169, 362. 
Groveland, Mass., 237. 
Guild, Charles Arthur, 368. 

Chester, 367. 

Elizabeth, 367. 

Harriet, 367. 

John, 367. 

Margaret Jane, 367, 368. 
Guilford, Conn., 72, 146. 
Guillon, Constant, 87. 

Isabelle G., 87. 
Gulval, England, 354. 

Hack, Christopher Amory, 350. 

Henry Seaver, 349. 

Nathan, 350. 

Sarah, 349. 

William, 349, 350. 
Hack family, 349. 
Hadley, Mass., 134, 347. 
Hagarstown, Md., 172. 
Haigh, George, 341. 

Hannah, 341. 

Lucy Jane, 342. 
Haldon, Elizabeth, 2. 

John, 2. 
Hale, Abigail, 427. 

Charles Bernard, 380. 

David, 379, 427. 

Edmund, 379, 427. 

Edward E., 51, 434. 

Elisha, 141. 

Eliza, 141. 

Ellen, 429. 

Florence, 380. 

George S., 304. 

George Silsbee, 428, 429. 

Hannah, 427. 

Henry, 379, 427. 

Horatio, 380. 



Hale, Joan, 427. 

John, 379, 427. 

Joseph, 379, 427. 

Margaret, 380. 

Martha, 427. 

Nathan, 49, 59. 

Richard Walden, 429. 

Robert Sever, 429. 

Salma, 427. 

Sarah, 427. 

Sarah Josepha, 379. 

Sarah Kellogg, 427. 

Thomas, 379, 427. 

Thomasine, 427. 

William Buell, 380. 
Halifax, Mass., 166. 
Hall, Anjinette, 129. 

Anna, 117. 

Caroline, 162. 

Daniel, 129. 

John, 129. 

Joseph, 129. 

Lot, 129. 

Margaret M., 130. 

Nancy, 153. 

Sally W., 365. 

Halleck, , 17. 

Hambleden, England, 110. 
Hamburg, N. Y., 53. 

Hamilton, , 133. 

Hamilton, Mass., 45. 
Hamlin, Charles E., 50. 
Hammond, Hannah Dawes, 224. 

John W., 327. 

Martha W., 16. 

Otis G., 16. 

Samuel, 224. 
Hampden, Me., 404. 
Hampstead, N. H., 31, 97. 
Hampton, Conn., 114. 
Hampton, N. H., 121, 153, 154. 
Hampton, Va., 41, 183. 
Hampton Falls, N. H., 90. 
Hancock, , 381, 382. 

John, 168. 
Hankow, China, 185. 
Hanover, III, 425. 
Hanover, Mass., 67. 
Hanover, N. H., 399, 435. 
Hanson, Abigail, 98. 
Hanson, Mass., 67. 
Harborne, England, 76. 
Harden, William, 145. 
Harding, Temperance, 181. 
Hardwick, William, 206. 
Hardwick, Mass., 318, 347, 348. 



482 



INDEX 



Harlow, Allen, 244. 

Betsey B., 278. 

Caroline Mudge, 244. 
Harnden, W. F., 275. 
Harper, , 48. 

Robert Goodloe, 53. 
Harris, Anne Nichols, 353. 

Caleb Fiske, 440. 

George R., 118. 

Peter Bown, 353. 

Thaddeus Mason, 136. 

Townsend, 184. 
Harrisburg, Penn., 49, 196, 432. 
Harrison, Elizabeth, 146. 

Frederick, 146. 

Mary, 146. 

William Henry, 213. 
Hart, , 214. 

Julia Clark, 215. 
Hartford, Conn., 99, 106, 114, 172, 
277, 318, 321, 350, 351, 404, 
405. 
Hartland, Vt., 436. 
Hartshorn, George Franklin, 356. 

Isabella Frink, 356. 
Hartwell, Ruth, 390. 

Samuel, 390. 

Sarah, 390. 
Harvard, Mass., 171, 307, 308. 
Harwich, Mass., 270, 271. 
Harwinton, Conn., 146, 321. 
Haskins, David G., Jr., 333. 

David Greene, 333. 

Frances Greene, 333. 

Hannah, 331. 

Horace, 386. 

John, 331. 

Mary C, 333. 

Mary Cogswell, 333. 

Ralph, 331. 

Rebecca, 331. 

Robert, 331. 
Hastings, , 431. 

Lucy, 408. 

Mary, 205. 
Hatfield, Mass., 333. 
Hatfield Peverel, England, 443. 
Hathaway, Frances Lavinia, 240. 

John, 240. 
Hathorne, William, 391. 
Haven, Edward Belknap, 158. 

Franklin, 158. 

Mary E., 158. 

Sarah Ann, 158. 
Haverhill, Mass., 31, 90, 176, 207, 
237, 390, 427. 



Haviland, Sarah R., 168. 

Thomas, 168. 
Hawkes, Sarah, 352. 
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 282, 375. 
Hayes, , 254, 420. 

Daniel, 107. 

Ezekiel, 107. 

George, 107. 

Lucy Ware, 107. 

Rutherford, 107. 

Rutherford B., 41, 406. 

Sophia, 107. 
Hayward, James, 164. 

Silvanus, 324, 384. 

Hazard, , 201. 

Hazen, Henry A., 18, 424. 
Hazelhurst, Mary E., 53. 
Heard, Alice, 185. 

Augustine, 184. 

Elizabeth Ann, 184. 

George W., 184. 

John, 185. 

Luke, 184. 
Heath, Rebecca, 423. 

Robert, 209. 

Samuel S., 423. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 423. 
Hedge, Lydia, 303. 

Mary Ellen, 303. 

Thomas, 303. 

Heeren, , 32. 

Hennepin, , 74. 

Henniker, N. H., 93. 
Henry, Joseph, 288. 
Hensler, Conrad, 305. 

Lisette, 305. 

Mina Louise, 305. 
Herman, Henry, 102. 
Herrick, Mary J., 327. 
Hersey, Eliza Jones, 261. 
Hewitt, Catherine D., 49. 
Heywood, , 357. 

Amos, 356. 

Lydia, 356. 

Sarah Hartwell, 356. 

William S., 435. 
Higginson, Francis, 191. 

Louisa, 191. 

Mary, 261. 

Mary Davies, 192. 

Stephen, 191, 192. 
Hildreth, Nina S., 56. 

Richard, 329. 
Hill, , 28, 199. 

Anna, 256. 

Anna Frances, 258. 



INDEX 



483 



Hill, Anne Foster, 58. 

Clement, 256. 

Elizabeth Deed, 154. 

Hamilton, 256. 

Hamilton Andrews, 257, 258. 

Henrietta, 57. 

Hugh, 256. 

John, 110. 

Mary, 110. 

Mary Adams, 82. 

Miriam Phillips, 258. 

Noble H., 160. 

Rebekah, 154. 

Samuel, 57, 154. 

Thomas, 57. 

William, 256. 
Hills, Adriana, 22. 

Almira, 21. 

Constance, 22. 

Elisha, 21. 

Ernest, 22. 

George Heathcote, 22. 

Horace, 21. 

John Dows, 22. 

Reginald, 22. 

Sarah, 22. 
Hillsborough, N. H., 275, 388, 390. 
Hincks, Elisha, 182. 

Elizabeth Hopkins, 182. 
Hingham, England, 291. 
Hingham, Mass., 43, 56, 140, 193, 

261, 291, 292, 388, 411. 
Hoar, , 381. 

E. R., 218. 
Hobart, , 271. 

Aaron, 270. 

Benjamin, 270. 

Edmund, 270. 

Isaac, 270. 

Lucy Lazelle, 270. 

Thomas, 270. 
Hodges, Polly, 6. 

Sarah, 337. 
Hoffman, Maria Eliza, 364. 
Hogg, James, 14. 

Holbrook, , 215. 

Holden, Eliza, 52. 

Elizabeth, 52. 

Horatio Buell, 52. 

James Austin, 52. 

Jonas, 52. 
Holden, Me., 139. 
Holderness, N. H., 13. 
Hollis, N. H., 352. 
Holmes, , 309. 

Abiel, 148. 



Holmes, Howland, 167. 

Huldah, 166. 

Jane, 120. 

John, 166. 

Mary Jackson, 148. 

Oliver Wendell, 55, 148, 282. 

Oliver Wendell, Jr., 396, 397. 
Holt, Ellen, 310. 

Hiram, 310. 
Holt family, 89. 
Hong Kong, China, 184. 
Honolulu, S. I., 85. 
Hood, Sarah, 224. 
Hookset, N. H., 74. 
Hooper, Helen Angier, 152. 

Robert C, 152. 

William, 225. 
Hopkins, Mary Ann, 24, 329. 

Stephen, 388. 
Hopkinton, Mass., 84, 203, 385. 
Hopkinton, N. H., 267. 
Horsford, Charity Maria, 103. 

Cornelia, 105. 

Gertrude Hubbard, 105. 

Jerediah, 103. 

Lilian, 105. 

Mary Gardiner, 105. 

Mary Katherine, 105. 

Mary L'Hommedieu, 105. 

Phoebe Dayton, 105. 
Hosford, Benjamin F., 361. 
Hosmer, Ruth, 390. 

Hotchinson, , 227. 

Houghton, Abba Frances, 171. 

Abraham, 280. 

Asa, 171. 

Clement Stevens, 171. 

Edwin Arnold, 171. 

Elizabeth, 171. 

Elizabeth Goodridge, 171. 

H. O., Jr., 283. 

Henry Oscar, 281, 282, 283. 

Jacob, 280. 

John, 280. 

Nancy Hyer, 283. 

Reuben, 171. 

Samuel Topliff, 171. 

Sarah Jane, 171. 

William, 280. 

William Topliff, 171. 
Howard, J. M. F., 85. 

Joanna, 189. 

Sarah, 3. 
Howe, , 331. 

Emma, 229. 

J. C, 425. 



484 



INDEX 



Howe, Jacob, 31. 

William G., 351. 

Zadoc, 231. 
Howland, Rosetta, 213. 
Hubbard, Abijah, 42. 

Ebenezer, 200. 

George, 42. 

Hannah Root, 42. 

Harvey, 42. 

Helen E., 196. 

Jennie Doane, 42. 

Samuel, 42. 

Willis H., 196. 
Hubbell, Peter, 70. 
Hudson, Hendrick, 379. 
Hudson, N. H., 408, 409. 
Hudson, O., 180. 
Hughes, Anne Frances, 320. 

George C, 320. 

John, 319. 

Margaret Elizabeth, 319. 

Thomas, 320. 
Hull, , 136, 398. 

Amos G., 140. 

Cornelia Sophia, 215. 

Rebecca Parker, 397. 

Sarah Adelia, 321. 

William, 397. 
Hull family, 397. 
Hunt, , 270. 

William, 76. 
Huntington, Asahel, 45, 194. 

Charles W., 319. 

Delia F., 319. 

F. D., 415. 
Huntington, Mass., 79. 

Kurd, , 20, 61, 91, 96, 121, 

281, 361, 410. 
Hussey, Abigail, 90. 

Joseph, 90. 
Hutchinson, , 227. 

Ann, 168. 

Elizabeth, 279. 

Hezekiah, 169. 

Lucy, 169. 
Hutton, Elizabeth, 443. 

Henry, 443. 
Hyannis, Mass., 326. 
Hyde, Susanna, 381. 
Hyde Park, Mass., 146. 

Ilsley, Elizabeth L., 404. 
Indianapolis, Ind., 38. 
Ingersol, Richard, 237. 

Ruth, 237. 

Sarah, 237. 



Ingersol, Zebulon, 237. 
Ingraham, Daniel J., 420. 

Maria, 130. 
Ipswich, England, 179, 352. 
Ipswich, Mass., 35, 45, 115, 119, 
121, 184, 185, 200, 205, 227, 
230, 239, 391, 410. 
Irving, John D., 31. 

Mary, 31. 

Washington, 33, 157. 
Isbell family, 100. 

Jack, David Russell, 97. 
Jackman, Harriet Millett, 196. 
Jackson, , 191. 

Andrew, 33. 
Jackson, Mich., 385. 
Jamaica Plain, Mass., 91, 162, 170, 
218, 270, 305, 308, 331, 
365, 408. 
Jefferson, Thomas, 337. 
Jenks,Annis Pulling, 300. 
Jersey City, N. J., 380. 
Jerusalem, Palestine, 361. 

Jewell, , 175. 

Jewett, John P., 33, 352. 
Jewett City, Conn., 114. 
Jogues, Isaac, 74. 
Johnson, , 199, 396. 

Charlotte Abigail, 189. 
Johnston, 131. 
Johnstown, Penn., 338. 
Jones, , 181, 345. 

Caroline Elizabeth Vassar, 123. 

Caroline Sweetser, 385. 

David, 122. 

Deborah, 122. 

Esther, 439. 

Frederick, 385. 

Hannah, 307. 

Lucy, 289. 

Maria, 385. 

Morgan, 122. 
Jordan, , 415. 

Eben Dyer, 295. 

John, Jr., 8. 
Jordan, N. Y., 22. 
Josselyn Algernon, 67. 

Maria Evelyn, 67. 

Joy, , 214. 

Joyce, Isabella Eleanor, 418. 

William Butler, 418. 

Kansas City, Mo., 325, 326. 
Keene, N. H., 25, 427. 
Keep, Elizabeth P., 114. 



INDEX 



485 



Keith, 



-, 28, 199, 273. 



Adeline, 188. 

Bethuel, 188. 

Louisa J., 189. 

Mary, 188. 

Mary C, 189. 

Reuel, 191. 
Kelley, Hall J., 39. 

Sarah, 427. 
Kendall, , 217. 

Abel, 407. 

Achsah Hawes, 407. 

Charles Faulkner, 408. 

Charles S., 273. 

Cordelia, 407. 

Edith Stone, 407. 

Francis, 407. 

George Augustus, 408. 

Jonas, 407. 

Samuel, 407. 

Thomas, 407. 
Kennard, M. P., 51. 

Martin Parry, 241. 

O. P., 51. 
Kennebunk, Me., 221, 264. 
Kent, Cora L., 147. 

Mary, 31. 
Keokuk, Ind., 348. 
Kidder, , 183 

Ellen, 184. 

Mary Jane, 184. 
Kilborn, Eliphalet, 311. 

Hannah, 311. 
Kilburn, Ruth, 160. 
Kimball, Caleb, 239. 

Daniel, 193, 272. 

David, 239. 

Frances Lavinia, 240. 

Harriet C, 193. 

John, 239. 

Martha W., 16. 

Moses, 240, 241. 

Nathaniel, 239. 

Richard, 239. 

Ursula, 239. 
King, Martha, 350. 

Philip, Jr., 6. 

Polly, 6. 

Sarah Kellogg, 427. 
Kingman, Abel, 239. 

Elizabeth, 239. 

Lucy Washburn, 239. 
Kingman family, 100. 

Kingsley, , 345. 

Kingston, Mass., 40, 429. 
Kingston-upon-Hull, England, 72. 



Kip, Lawrence, 130. 

Leonard, 130. 

Maria, 130. 
Kipha, Penn., 295. 
Kirby, Joan, 427. 
Kittery, Me., 154. 
Knapp, Mary Jane, 34. 

Knight, , 444. 

Kollock, Charlotte, 144. 

Ladd, Daniel, 237. 

Herbert Warren, 239. 

Lucy Washburn, 239. 

Warren, 238, 239. 
Ladd family, 237. 

Lafayette, , 168, 373, 439. 

Lakin, Catherine Sybil, 62. 

Isaac, 62. 

Mary, 62. 
Lambert, Abigail, 69. 

Francis, 69. 

Jane Standish, 70. 

Thomas, 69. 

William, 69. 

William Thomas, 70. 

Lamont, , 324. 

Lancaster, England, 280. 
Lancaster, Mass., 193, 270. 
Lane, , 215. 

Hannah W, 59. 

Jacob L., 130. 

Jonathan A., 215. 

Margaret M., 130. 
Langdon, 214. 
Langford, Comfort, 322. 

La Salle, , 163. 

Latrobe, Benjamin, 53. 

Benjamin Henry, 53. 

John Hazlehurst Boneval, 54. 

Mary E., 53. 
Latting, Harriet A., 27. 
Lattington, L. L, 27. 
Lawrence, , 77. 

A., 30. 

Abbott, 257, 258, 379. 

Amos, 142. 

Harriette, 142. 

Nathaniel, 142. 

Isaac, 130. 

John, 142. 

Katherine, 142. 

Maria, 130. 

Mary, 62. 

Samuel, 142. 
Lawrence, Kan., 326. 
Lawrence, Mass., 61, 74, 91, 142,386. 



486 



INDEX 



Layton, Ann, 338. 
Lea, Henry, 355. 
Leavitt, Joshua, 310. 
Lebanon, N. H., 267. 

Lecky, , 178. 

Le Clerq, , 74. 

Lee, , 187. 

Ann, 118. 

Harriet, 254. 

John C, 254. 

Mary Augusta, 119. 

Robert E., 30, 343. 

Rose S., 254. 

William, 118. 

William Barlow, 118. 
Lee family, 119. 
Leeds, Alice, 185. 

George, 185. 
Leeds, Me., 125. 
Leicester, Mass., 83, 138, 186, 196, 

292. 
Leigh, John, 119. 
Leighton, Abigail, 154. 

Katherine, 154. 

William, 154. 
Leland, Sibyl, 385. 
Lempster, N. H., 267. 
Leominster, Mass., 13, 62. 
Leonard, Benjamin, 212. 

Elisha Clark, 212, 213. 

Elizabeth Bourne, 213. 

Frances Morin, 7. 

George, 212. 

Hannah Tinkham, 212. 

Henry, 211. 

James, 212. 

Joseph, 212. 

Mary A. H., 7. 

Nehemiah, 212. 

Philip, 212. 

Sally, 7. 

Sarah L., 7. 

Thomas, 211, 212. 

Zenas L., 7. 
Leslie, Frank, 73. 
Levering, Deborah, 122. 
Levering family, 122. 
Lewis, , 65. 

Abigail, 7. 

Alonzo, 157. 

Sarah, 113. 
Lexington, Mass., 80, 166, 213, 214, 

356, 368, 369, 370, 410. 
Libby, Hannah, 154. 

John, 154. 
Liebig, , 104. 



Lillie, Eliza S., 373. 

John, 373. 
Limerick, Me., 401. 
Lincoln, Abraham, 7, 33, 72, 95, 
129, 153, 243, 309, 420. 

Elizabeth, 356. 

Helen Maria, 100. 

Otis, 100. 

Sarah, 100. 

William S., 356. 
Lincoln, Mass., 20, 50, 436. 
Lincoln, Neb., 435. 
Lines, Frances A., 176. 
Linett, Caroline, 256. 

John, 256. 
Lisbon, Conn., 146, 255. 
Litchfield, Conn., 30. 
Little, , 226, 421. 

Laura Elizabeth, 133. 
Littlefield, Aaron, 368. 

Agnes, 368. 

Anna, 369. 

Anna Sherman, 369. 

Annis, 368. 

Arthur Stevens, 369. 

George Sherman, 369. 

Georgiana, 369. 

Lucinda, 368. 

Moses, 368. 

Nathaniel, 368. 

Thomas, 368. 
Liverpool, England, 36, 296. 
Llangurrig, North Wales, 295. 

Lodge, , 444. 

Logan, , 262. 

Londonderry, N. H., 163, 243. 
Londonderry, Vt., 169. 
Long, John D., 274, 302. 
Longfellow, Henry W., 90, 282. 
Longwood, Mass., 416. 
Loomis, Daniel, 411. 

Sara A., 411. 
Lord, Nathaniel J., 359. 

William R., 416. 
Loring, Bailey, 55, 56. 

C. W., 420. 

Charles G., 420. 

Elizabeth Faris, 162. 

F. C, 420. 

Henry, 162. 

Mary F., 56. 

Mary Wyer, 162. 

Nathaniel, 56. 

Nina S., 56. 

Sally Pickman, 55. 

Thomas, 56. 



INDEX 



487 



Loring, William, 56. 

Lotheissen, , 297. 

Lothrop, David W., 137. 

George Van Ness, 149. 

Howard, 149. 

Sarah, 149. 
Louis XVI, 442. 
Louisville, Ky., 31, 312. 
Lovejoy, John, 243. 
Lovett, Mary I., 110. 

Low, , 345. 

Lowell, James Arnold, 422. 

James Russell, 282. 

John, 420, 421, 422. 

John, Jr., 420, 422. 

John Amory, 420. 

Lucy B., 422. 

Lucy Buckminster, 422. 

Susan, 422. 
Lowell, Mass., 26, 111, 183, 240, 

268, 319, 362, 386. 
Lowman, John, 338. 
Lownes, James, 46. 

Mary, 46. 

Rebecca, 46. 
Lunalilo, 289. 
Lunenburg, Mass., 289. 
Lyman, , 321. 

Theodore, 331. 
Lyman, N. H., 93. 
Lyndeborough, N. H., 352. 
Lynn, Mass., 43, 56, 92, 96, 156, 
157, 182, 183, 195, 211, 
212, 229, 242, 243, 244, 
255, 264, 276, 381. 
Lynnfield, Mass., 326. 
Lyons, N. Y., 21. 

Macauley, T. B., 281. 

McClure, James, 388. 

Martha Rogers, 388. 
McCrillis, George W., 407. 

McCulloch, , 406. 

McCullough, , 115. 

McGuire, , 214. 

Machias, Me., 223. 
Machiasport, Me., 362. 
Mack, Catherine, 116. 

Elisha, 116. 

MaryG, 116. 



McKim, 



274. 



Augusta E., 274. 

J. W., 85. 
McMahon,Mary, 430. 

Robert, 430. 
McMaster, John Bach, 431. 



McNamee, 



-, 309. 



Macon, Ga., 131. 
Madison, Wis., 53, 89. 
Madron, England, 354. 
Magruder, Alexander F., 362. 

Isabella Anna, 362. 
Maiden, Mass., 43, 196, 310, 312, 

333. 
Manayunk, Penn., 122. 
Manchester, Alfred, 417. 
Manchester, Conn., 43. 
Manchester, N. H., 16, 23, 147, 

174, 410, 425, 426. 
Manly, Elizabeth, 239. 
Mann, Moses, 368. 
Manning, Nancy Hyer, 283. 
Manomet, Mass., 303. 
Mansfield, John B., 250. 
Mansfield, Mass., 215. 
Manson, Hannah Sawin, 93. 
Maplewood, Mass., 43. 
Marblehead, Mass., 56, 285, 413. 
Marietta, Ga., 397. 



Marion, 



-, 144. 



Marlborough, Mass., 93, 203. 
Marquand, John P., 118. 
Marsh, , 294, 415. 

George P., 18. 
Marshall, Susan, 250. 

Susan Gibson, 250. 

William, 250. 
Marshfield, Mass., 158. 
Marston, Anna Maria, 362. 

Jonathan, 362. 
Marston, England, 1. 
Marvin, Orlando T., 246. 
Mason, Abigail, 45. 

Betty, 179. 

Daniel, 179. 

Elizabeth Spalding, 181. 

Esther, 179. 

Hugh, 179. 

Jeremiah, 173. 

John, 179. 

Katie Mussey, 181. 

Lyman, 180, 181. 

Mary Lucretia, 181. 

Mary Lyman, 181. 

Samuel, 179. 
Masury, Ellen, 393. 

Jno. M., 438. 

Stephen, 393. 
Mather, Cotton, 187, 333. 
Mattapoisett, Mass,, 125. 

Matthews, -, 263. 

May, Samuel, 19. 



488 



INDEX 



Mead, Elizabeth, 171. 

Oliver, 171. 

Sarah, 390. 
Meadville, Perm., 19, 121. 
Means, C. J., 189. 

Catherine, 173. 

Charlotte Abigail, 189. 

David MacGregor, 173. 

F. EL, 189. 

J., 189. 

James, 189. 

Joanna, 189. 

Marion B., 189. 

Robert, 173. 

Thomas, 173. 

William Gordon, 174. 
Medfield, Mass., 33. 
Medford, Mass., 19, 109, 167, 168. 

183, 326, 332. 
Melrose, Mass., 43, 272. 

Melville, , 115. 

Memphis, Tenn., 313, 316, 399. 
Mendon, Mass., 66, 247. 
Mercersburg, 71. 
Meredith, N. EL, 83. 
Meriden, Conn., 234. 
Meriden, N. H., 214, 228, 401. 
Merriam, C, 394. 

G., 394. 
Merrill, Daniel, 176. 

Eliza Watson, 177. 

Moses, 176. 

Nathaniel, 176. 
Merrimac, Mass., 242, 361. 
Meslin, France, 210. 
Messinger, Daniel, 235. 
Metcalf, Theodore, 203. 

Theron, 428. 
Methuen, Mass., 267. 
Middle Haddam, Conn., 146. 
Middleborough, Mass., 187, 212, 

297, 298. 
Middlebury, Vt., 27. 
Middlebury, Va., 9. 
Middletown, Conn., 42, 107, 127, 

198, 234, 277, 333. 
Midgley, R. L., 202. 

Mifflin, , 281. 

Milford, Conn., 234, 437. 
Milford, Mass., 66. 
Millbury, Mass., 399. 
Millet, Asa, 125. 

Charles S., 125. 

Deliverance, 125. 

Frank D., 125. 

Huldah Allen, 125. 



Millet, Josiah B., 125. 

Thomas, 125. 

Zebulon Parsons, 125. 
Millett, Ann, 353. 

Anne Nichols, 353. 

Christopher, 353. 

Dorcas, 353. 

George Bown, 354. 

Honor, 353. 

John, 353. 

Martin, 353. 

Mary, 353. 

Richard, 353. 

Sarah, 353. 
Mills, Sarah E., 307. 
Milton, Mass., 3, 19, 30, 45, 103, 
137, 161, 330, 369, 373, 
374, 413, 414. 
Milton-Clevedon, England, 221. 
Milton Lower Falls, Mass., 46. 
Milwaukee, Wis., 93, 183, 437. 
Miner, Alonzo Ames, 268. 

Amanda, 267. 

Benajah Ames, 267. 

Charles, 267. 

George A., 319. 

Grace, 267. 

Laura W., 319. 

Maria S., 269. 

Thomas, 267. 
Minneapolis, Minn., 152. 

Minot, , 215. 

Mitchell's Station, Va., 9. 
Monmouth, Me., 125. 
Monroe, James, 200. 

W. A., 396. 
Monson, Mass., 196. 
Montague, Ann Maria, 387. 

Annie S., 387. 

Charles EL, 387. 

Mary Elizabeth, 387. 

Samuel Leland, 386, 387. 

Sibyl, 385. 

Simeon, 385. 
Montague, Mass., 385. 

Montcalm, , 163. 

Montgomeries, , 100. 

Montreal, Canada, 197, 275. 
Moody, Dwight L., 18. 

Ruth, 237. 
Moore, Jacob Bailey, 82. 

Mary Adams, 82. 

Mary Howe, 82. 
Moreton, Elizabeth, 443. 

Mary Anne, 443. 

William, 443. 



INDEX 



489 



Morgan, Joanna, 255. 

Rebecca, 114. 

Rhoda, 255. 
Morison, Emily Hurd, 330. 

Ernest Nathaniel, 25. 

Frank, 25. 

George Brown, 25. 

John, 24. 

John Holmes, 25. 

John Hopkins, 330. 

Mary Ann, 24, 329. 

Nathaniel, 24, 329. 

Robert, 24. 

Robert Brown, 25. 

Sidney Buchanan, 25. 

Thomas, 24. 

William George, 25. 
Morristown, N. J., 130. 
Morrisville, N. Y., 249. 
Morse, Jedidiah, 34. 

Samuel F. B., 54. 
Morton, , 291, 375. 

Joseph, 45. 

Josephine Eugenia, 45. 

Mary, 23, 45. 

Nathaniel, 23. 
Moscow, N. Y., 103. 
Moscow, Russia, 54. 
Moseley, Lucy J., 81. 
Motley, Edward, 181. 

Thomas, 181. 
Moulton, Joseph, 96. 

Relief, 96. 

Robert, 96. 

S. Fannie, 96. 
Mount Herman, 18. 
Mount Holly, N. J., 317, 345. 
Mowatt, David, 36. 

Susan Elizabeth, 36. 

Mowry, , 325. 

Mudge, Caroline M., 243. 

Daniel L., 243. 

Muller, , 256. 

Muffins, Priscilla, 297. 
Munich, Germany, 240. 
Munroe, James, 201. 

William K, 214. 
Murfreesborough, Term., 13. 
Murphy, Isaac, 316. 
Mussey, Mary Lucretia, 181. 

Reuben D., 181. 
Muzzey, Amos, 80. 

Benjamin, 80. 

Henry W., 81. 

Hepsabeth, 81. 

Lucy J., 81. 



Muzzey, Lydia, 80. 

Nagasaki, Japan, 357. 
Nahant, Mass., 142, 224. 

Nairne, , 15. 

Nantucket, Mass., 12, 57, 128, 207, 

293, 311, 415. 
Napoleon, 444. 
Nashua, N. H., 120, 242. 
Nason, R. W., 85. 

Neander, , 281. 

Needham, Mass., 193, 206, 272. 
Neill, Henry, 152. 

John, 152. 

Maria, 152. 

Nancy, 153. 
Nelson, Mary Ann, 197. 

William, 284, 315. 
Netherclift, F., Jr., 1. 
New Bedford, Mass., 23, 70, 102, 
211, 212, 237, 238, 246, 
247, 308, 325, 329, 330, 365. 
New Boston, N. H., 422. 
New Brighton, N. Y., 87. 
New Britain, Conn., 394, 395. 
New Brunswick, N. J., 57. 
New Canaan, Conn., 206. 
New College, England, 2. 
New Durham, N. H., 365. 
New Haven, Conn., 114, 172, 258. 
New Ipswich, N. H., 35. 
New London, Conn., 43, 172, 353. 
New Market, N. H., 109. 
New Orleans, La., 47, 114, 278, 

399, 400, 405. 
New Rugby, Tenn., 319. 
New Salem, Mass., 247. 
Newark Valley, N. Y., 99, 100, 

229. 
Newburghj N. Y., 140, 141. 
Newbury, Eliza Watson, 177. 
Newbury, Mass., 90, 176, 207, 276, 

311, 379, 384, 427. 
Newburyport, Mass., 31, 80, 81, 

232, 233, 239, 419. 
Newcastle, Me., 11, 109. 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, 355. 
Newcomb, Andrew, 424. 

Hezekiah, 424. 

Jerusha, 424. 

John Bearse, 425. 

Molly, 424. 

Obadiah, 424. 

Peter, 424. 

Simon, 424. 

William, 424. 



490 



INDEX 



Newcomb family, 425. 
Newfane, Vt., 409. 
Newhall, Benjamin, 156. 

Dorcas B., 157. 

Elizabeth Campbell, 157. 

James, 156. 

James Robinson, 157. 

Joseph, 156. 

Josiah, 157. 

Mary, 255. 

Thomas, 156. 

Newman, , 220. 

Newmarket, N. J., 40. 
Newport, N. H., 379. 
Newport, R. I., 68, 322, 328, 357. 
Newton, Mass., 77, 86, 94, 113, 
161, 167, 179, 186, 223, 253, 
271, 272, 305, 397, 407, 408. 
Newton Centre, Mass., 94, 113. 
Newton Highlands, Mass., 367. 
Newton Lower Falls, Mass., 161, 

272. 
Newton Upper Falls, Mass., 43. 
Newtonville, Mass., 221. 
Nice, France, 256. 
Nichols, , 228. 

Benjamin R., 201. 
Nickerson, Anne, 388. 

Annie, 388. 

Eliza M., 387. 

Jonathan, 93. 

Martha Rogers, 388. 

Salathiel, 388. 

Steven, 93. 

William, 388. 
Norfolk, Va., 47. 
North, Abi, 394. 

Hannah Root, 42. 

Lemuel, 42. 

Rebecca, 42. 
North Andover, Mass., 55, 60, 61, 

231, 280, 353. 
North Branford, Conn., 198. 
North Bridge water, Mass., 239. 
North Brookfield, Mass., 60, 382. 
North Cambridge, Mass., 415. 
North Easton, Mass., 149, 150, 151, 

292, 293. 
North Haven, Conn., 321. 
North Haverhill, Mass., 177. 
North Holland, England, 72. 
North Leominster, Mass., 160. 
North Maiden, Mass., 43. 
North Providence, R. L, 325, 326, 

440. 
North Weymouth, Mass., 411. 



North Woburn, Mass., 361. 
Northampton, Mass., 32, 83, 84, 

126, 148, 172, 191, 398. 
Northamptonshire, England, 76. 
Northfield, Mass., 20, 333, 401, 

403. 
Northford, Conn., 198. 
Norton, Charity Maria, 103. 

Ebenezer, 103. 

John, 200. 
Norton, Mass., 6, 19. 
Norwalk, O., 107. 
Norwich, Conn., 255, 356. 
Norwich, England, 388, 391. 
Norwich, Mass., 79. 
Norwood, Adeline A., 355. 

Francis, 355. 

Mary, 355. 
Nourse, Laura Elizabeth, 133. 

Noy, , 317. 

Noyes, James, 237. 
Nurse, Benjamin, 132. 

Francis, 132. 

Rebecca, 132. 

Sally, 132. 

Samuel, 132. 

Oakes, Urian, 149. 
Oberlin, O., 256, 257, 381. 
Ogdensburg, N. Y., 103. 

Oldens, , 418. 

Oliphant, , 85. 

Oliver, Mary Bentley, 375. 
Olney, G. W., 69. 
Orange, N. J., 333. 
Orleans, Mass., 435, 436. 
Orne, Catherine, 116. 
Orrington, Me., 132. 
Osgood, Isaac, 55. 

J. R., 281. 

Sally Pickman, 55. 

Sarah, 352. 
Oshkosh, Wis., 355. 
Otis, Albert Boyd, 388, 389. 

David, 387. 

Eliza M., 387. 

Jane, 387. 

John, 388. 

Samuel, 387. 
Ottawa, Canada, 316. 
Ottis, John, 388. 
Outtis, John, 388. 
Owley, Elizabeth, 194. 
Oxford, England, 1, 2, 76, 220, 221, 

319, 320, 443, 444. 
Oxford, Mass., 60, 198. 



INDEX 



491 



-, 159. 



Packard, — 

Paddington, England, 256. 

Paddock, Hannah Crowell, 20. 

Judah, 20. 

Mary, 20. 
Page, , 183. 

Eliza, 366. 
Paige, Abby R., 348. 

Clarinda, 348. 

Harriette, 142. 

J. W., 142. 

Lucius Robinson, 348, 349. 

Lucy, 348. 

Mary, 347. 

Timothy, 347. 
Paine, Anna, 140. 

Asahel Ellsworth, 140. 

Eliza, 141. 

Ezra, 140. 

Henry Delevan, 141. 

Henry G., 141. 

Lucy, 141. 

Stephen, 140. 
Paine family, 141. 
Palfrey, Adelaide Eliza, 426. 

John C, 426. 
Palmer, Emeline, 24. 

Mary, 24. 

Simeon, 24. 
Palmer, Mass., 120. 
Palmerston, Lord, 444. 
Paradise, Penn., 432. 

Paris, , 168. 

Paris, France, 132, 133, 166. 
Paris Hill, Me., 50. 
Parish, Philomelia, 214. 
Park, John C, 85. 

Trenor W., 17. 
Parker, , 10. 

Daniel, 231. 

H. W., 211. 

Harriet, 211. 

Jane Standish, 20. 

Joel, 362, 428. 

John Avery, 70. 

Mary Alice, 231. 

Sarah M., 10. 

Theodore, 160. 
Parkinson, Hannah, 341. 
Parkman, Caroline, 162. 

Catherine, 163. 

Ebenezer, 162. 

Elias, 162. 

Francis, 197, 304. 

Samuel, 162. 

Thomas, 162. 



Parkman, William, 162. 
Parks, , 399. 

Relutia, 60. 
Parmly, Eleazer, 17. 

Julia, 17. 
Parsons, Joseph, 148. 

Mary Hallowell, 148. 

Mary Jackson, 148. 

Usher, 148, 443. 
Patch, Clara Elizabeth, 229. 

Elizabeth, 194. 

Franklin Fletcher, 229. 

Harriet Millett, 196. 

Harry Hamilton, 196. 

Hattie Rust, 196. 

Ira Edwin, 196. 

Ira Hamilton, 194. 

Ira Joseph, 195, 196. 

James, 194. 

Jane, 194. 

John, 194. 

Joseph, 194. 

Lizzie Millett, 196. 

Mabel Abbott, 196. 

Mary Ann, 229. 

Nicholas, 194. 
Pattee, W. G., 85. 
Patterson, , 343. 

Anna, 100. 

Chester, 99. 

David William, 100. 

Enoch, 81. 

Helen Maria, 100. 

Hepsabeth, 81. 

Lincoln Elliott, 100. 

Mary, 213. 

Mary Ann, 99. 
. Ralph Thacher, 100. 

Sterling Woodford, 100. 

William, 213. 
Payson, Adelaide Eliza, 426. 

Edward, 425. 

Gilbert Russell, 426. 

Hannah Gilbert, 426. 

James, 425. 

Phillips, 425. 

Samuel, 425. 

Swift, 425. 
Peabody, Andrew, 121. 

Elizabeth, 35. 

Ephraim, 330. 

Francis, 121. 

Francis, Jr., 337. 

George, 286. 

Joseph, 121. 

Mary, 121. 



492 



INDEX 



Peabody, Zerubbabel, 121. 
Peabody, Mass., 227, 228, 229. 
Pearce, Abby Perry, 322. 
Pearl, Rebecca, 423. 
Pearson, Mary, 188. 
Peck, Robert M., 348. 
Pedderton, England, 194. 

Peirce, , 137. 

Peirce Genealogy, 137. 
Peirson, Abel L., 116. 
Pembroke, Mass., 20, 67. 
Pembroke, N. H., 401. 

Penalosa, , 74. 

Penn, William, 46, 431. 
Penniman, Mary, 318. 
Penzance, England, 353, 354. 
Pepperell, Elizabeth, 443. 

William, 51, 443. 
Pepperell, Mass., 113, 422. 
Perkins, Jane Fraser, 44. 

Susan H., 44. 

Thomas Handasyd, 44. 
Perkins, Me., 342. 
Perley, Edmund, 269. 

Maria S., 269. 

Sarah, 269. 
Perrin, Harriet F., 233. 
Perry, D. Brainerd, 435. 

E. Y., 67. 

Helen, 435. 
Pers, John, 373. 

Peruzzi, , 286. 

Peter Tavy, England, 353. 
Peterborough, N. H., 24, 25, 120, 

329. 
Petersburg, Va., 9, 183, 381. 
Petersham, Mass., 190, 265. 

Phelps , 27. 

Phetteplace, Caroline Lucretia, 325. 
Philadelphia, Penn., 8, 16, 31, 49, 
53, 57, 87, 104, 108, 122, 
123, 139, 146, 152, 185, 193, 
196, 242, 259, 264, 295, 296, 
299, 315, 317, 338, 340, 364, 
377, 380, 382, 423, 430, 431, 
432, 441. 
Philip, King, 212, 399. 
Phillips, Anna E., 390. 

Blaney, 67. 

Catherine Hitchcock, 67. 

Ezra, 67. 

George, 108. 

John, 109, 390. 

Lot, 67. 

Maria Evelyn, 67. 

Mary Ann, 108, 109. 



Phillips, Samuel, 108. 

Thomas, 67. 

Wendell, 208, 232. 
Phipps, John Silas, 34. 

Mary Jane, 34. 
Pickford, Elizabeth, 264. 

John Kay Livermore, 264. 
Pickman, Mary F., 56. 
Pictou, Ontario, 438. 
Pierce, , 136. 

Edward L., 374. 

Eliza S., 373. 

Henry Lillie, 374. 

Jesse, 373. 

John, 373. 

Nancy Green, 261. 
Piermont, N. H., 399. 
Pierpont, John, 415, 434. 

Sarah Ann, 158. 
Pike, Richard, 415. 
Pitcher, Nazareth, 291. 
Pitminster, England, 117, 140. 
Pittsburg, Penn., 338. 
Pittsfield, Mass., 23, 83, 196. 
Plainfield, Conn., 255. 
Plainfield, N. H., 399. 
Plainfield, N. Y., 19. 
Playfair, Lyon, 224. 
Plymouth, England, 311, 378. 
Plymouth, Mass., 7, 41, 67, 89, 
134, 166, 201, 202, 279, 287, 
301, 302, 303, 342, 410, 415. 
Plympton, Mass., 23. 
Point of Rocks, 53. 
Point Pleasant, N. J. ; 22. 

Polk, , 323. 

Pollard, Asa, 231. 

Louisa, 231. 

Thomas, 231. 
Pomfret, Conn., 138, 309, 310. 
Pond, Keziah, 203. 
Pontus, Hannah, 342. 
Pontypool, Wales, 211. 
Poole, Eliza, 186. 

Fannie M., 187. 

John, 186. 

Ward, 186. 
Pope, Amy Margaretta, 287. 

Charles Henry, 53. 

Ebenezer, 287, 288. 

Electa Leonard, 287. 

Franklin Leonard Wainwright, 
287. 

Hannah Dickinson, 287. 

John, 287. 

Sarah Amelia, 287. 



INDEX 



493 



Pope, Seth, 287. 

Thomas, 287, 288. 
Pope Genealogy, 288. 
Portland, Me., 56, 58, 190, 213, 
223, 279, 332, 333, 334, 
388. 
Portsmouth, N. H., 51, 52, 69, 121, 
154, 191, 213, 304, 402, 439. 
Portsmouth, R. I., 83. 
Post, Hannah, 145. 
Potter, Barrett, 223. 

Margaret Louisa, 223. 
Potts, Alice, 295. 

David, 295. 

John, 295. 

Robert Barnhill, 295. 

Sarah Page, 295. 

Sophia, 10. 

Thomas, 295. 

William John, 296. 

William Lukens, 295. 
Potts family, 296. 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 48, 123. 
Powell, Angie Erickson, 274. 
Pratt, Charlotte Elizabeth, 187. 

Elizabeth, 326. 

Francis G., 187. 

Matthew, 187. 
Pratt family, 187. 
Preble, , 137. 

Harriet, 223. 

William P., 223. 
Preble Genealogy, 137. 
Prentiss, Carolina, 235. 

Charles W., 235. 

Samuel, 235. 
Prescott, , 33. 

A. G., 255. 
Preston, Conn., 255. 

Priestly, , 299. 

Prince, Frederick 0. ; 240. 
Proctor, Abel, 227. 

Elizabeth, 227. 

Emma, 22 1 . 

John, 227. 

John C, 199. 

Lucia, 199. 

Lydia Porter, 227. 

Martha, 227. 

Mary, 227. 

Thomas Emerson, 228, 229. 
Proctor family, 228. 
Providence, R. I., 43, 78, 87, 95, 
131, 148, 189, 239, 272, 287, 
325, 328, 331, 439, 440. 
Pugh, Margaret, 380. 



Pugh, William, 380. 

Pulling, , 301. 

Pulsifer, David, 201, 202. 

Lucie, 202. 

Sarah, 200. 
Putnam, Allen, 366. 

Eliza, 366. 

Frederic W., 195. 

George, 302. 

Rebecca P., 366. 
Putnam, O., 69. 
Putney, Vt., 47. 

Quebec, Canada, 36. 
Quincy, Josiah, 286, 372. 

Mary Apthorp, 372. 
Quincy, Mass., 199, 236, 252. 
Quint, Alonzo Hall, 366. 

Clara Gadsden, 366. 

George, 365. 

George Putnam, 366. 

John Hastings, 366. 

Katherine Mordantt, 366. 

Rebecca P., 366. 

Sally W., 365. 

Wilder Dwight, 366. 

Rahway, N. J., 284. 
Raikes, Robert, 252. 
Raleigh, Walter, 200. 
Raleigh, N. C, 170. 

Rand, , 127. 

Randall, , 365. 

Randolph, Mass., 368, 369. 
Randolph, Vt., 188. 
Ransford, Florence, 380. 

Richard, 380. 
Rantoul, , 232, 233. 

Mary, 121. 

Robert, Sr., 121. 
Rattlesden, England, 239. 
Ravenel, Charlotte, 210. 

Daniel, 210, 211. 

Elizabeth Peronneau, 210. 

Harriet, 211. 

Henry, 210. 

Rene, 210. 
Ray, Anna C, 293. 
Read, George, 377. 

John, 377. 

John Meredith, 378. 
Reade, Nettie S., 405. 
Reading, England, 186. 
Reading, Mass., 33, 186, 326. 
Reading, O., 7. 
Reed, Sarah, 381. 



494 



INDEX 



Rehoboth, Mass., 140. 
Revere, Paul, 65, 301. 
Revere, Mass., 15. 
Reynolds, Cynthia, 217. 

Grindall, 219. 
Rhodes, Polly, 440. 
Rice, Alexander Hamilton, 273, 
274. 

Angie Erickson, 274. 

Augusta E., 274. 

Mary D., 94. 

Mary E., 94. 

Thomas, 272. 
Rich, Deliverance, 125. 
Richards, Cordelia, 407. 
Richardson, , 61, 160, 407. 

Anna Maria, 362. 

Betsey Smith, 115. 

Clarinda, 348. 

Daniel, 362. 

Daniel S., 362. 

Eleanor, 4. 

Elisha, 33. 

Ezekiel, 348, 362, 384. 

Harriet, 33. 

Isabella Anna, 362. 

John, 33. 

Josiah, 362. 

Lucy, 348. 

Mary, 362. 

Mary C, 189. 

Mary Jane, 34. 

Mary Sophia, 229. 

Solomon, 348. 

William, 362. 

William Adams, 365. 

William M., 164. 

William Merchant, 115. 
Richardson Memorial, 33. 
Richmond, 13. 
Richmond, Va., 9, 143, 248, 264, 

313, 427. 
Ricker, Abigail, 69. 

Ebenezer, 69. 
Ridouet, Antoine de, 209. 
Rindge, Frederick H., 335, 386. 
Ring, Mary, 11. 

Rachel, 11. 
Rix, Grace, 424. t 
Robbins, Chandler, 217. 
Roberts, Catherine, 260. 

Harriet K., 61. 
Robinson, Mary, 347. 

Rochambeau, , 439. 

Rochelle, France, 209. 
Rochester, Mass., 211, 



Rochester, Minn., 259. 
Rochester, N. Y., 99, 172, 274. 
Rockdale, Penn., 49. 
Rockingham, Vt., 399. 
Rockland, Me., 223. 
Rockport, Mass., 347. 

Rockwell, , 343. - 

Rodman, Francis, 212. 

Roger, , 15. 

Rogers, Augustus Dodge, 360. 

Daniel Denison, 304. 

Elizabeth, 304. 

Emily Hurd, 330. 

Harriet Wait, 359. 

Isabella, 15. 

James, 14. 

Katherine, 154. 

Nathaniel Leverett, 359. 

Rollins, , 343. 

Rollinsford, N. H., 69. 
Rome, Italy, 130, 285, 286. 
Romsey, England, 283. 
Ropes, William, 340. 
Rose, John, 331. 

Rebecca, 331. 
Roseland, Tenn., 316. 
Ross, Alexander, 315. 

Caroline, 438. 

James, 438. 

John, 315. 

Waldo O., 158. 

Rousseau, , 70. 

Rowley, Mass., 69, 204, 355. 
Roxborough, Perm., 122. 
Roxbury, Conn., 146, 309. 
Roxbury, Mass., 37, 38, 60, 93, 
111, 138, 159, 175, 176, 177, 
188, 258, 276, 294, 327, 331, 
332, 340, 355, 367, 396, 419, 
425. 
Royalton, Vt., 17, 188. 
Rubens, Peter Paul, 245. 
Rugby, England, 319. 
Ruggles, Betsey, 413. 

John, 414. 

Mary G., 414. 

Mary Louisa, 414. 
Rumford, Count, 39. 
Ruskin, John, 342. 
Russ, Daniel, 85. 

Sarah, 85. 
Russell, , 178. 

Alice, 224. 

Anna, 38, 39. 

Benjamin, 224. 

Charles Theodore, 334, 335. 



INDEX 



495 



Russell, Charles Theodore, Jr., 335. 

Earl, 444. 

Edith, 224. 

Elizabeth, 224, 440. 

Esther Steele, 399. 

Ezekiel, 224. 

Hannah Dawes, 224. 

Henry, 337. 

Hubbard, 39. 

Jason, 39. 

John, 225, 301, 399. 

John B., 4. 

John Brooks, 39, 40. 

Joseph, 224, 225. 

Louisa Ann, 224. 

Margaret, 337. 

Margaret Manning, 337. 

Mary Ann, 301. 

Mary Ellen, 303. 

Nathaniel Pope, 224. 

Richard Manning, 337. 

Robert, 224, 225. 

Samuel Hammond, 225. 

Sarah, 224. 

Susanna, 224, 225. 

Thomas, 39, 301. 

Thomas H., 335. 

William, 39, 337. 

William Eustis, 335, 336, 337. 

William Eustis, Jr., 337. 

William Goodwin, 302, 303. 
Rutland, Vt., 161, 199. 

Sackett's Harbor, N. Y., 322. 
Saco, Me., 168, 345, 346. 
Safford, Hannah, 45. 

James, 202. 

John, 45. 

Josephine Eugenia, 45. 

Lucie, 202. 

Mary, 202. 

Nathan, 45. 

Nathaniel Morton, 45. 

Stephen, 45. 

Thomas, 45. 
St. Adelaide de Pabos, Canada, 

334. 
St. Andrews, Scotland, 15. 
St. John, Elizabeth, 276. 
St. John, N. B., 36, 97. 
St. Johnsbury, Vt., 186. 
St. Julien, Charlotte de, 210. 

Elizabeth Damaris de, 210. 
St. Louis, Mo., 79, 152, 326, 377. 

438. 
St. Paul, Minn., 152, 259, 260. 



St. Petersburg, Russia, 54, 372. 
St. Thomas, West Indies, 4. 
Salcombe, England, 220. 
Salem, Mass., 27, 45, 55, 70, 96, 
116, 132, 146, 157, 184, 186, 
187, 191, 194, 195, 201, 202, 
204, 213, 224, 227, 237, 253, 
261, 265, 266, 285, 301, 330, 
345, 346, 356, 359, 366, 391, 
406. 
Salisbury, England, 221. 
Salisbury, Mass., 90, 97, 115, 207. 
Salmon Falls, N. H., 174. 
Salt Lake City, Ut., 118. 
Saltonstall, Leverett, 254, 304. 

Leverett, Sr., 253. 

Richard, 253. 

Rose S., 254. 
San Diego, Cal., 57. 
San Francisco, Cal., 12, 17, 56, 85, 
109, 130, 139, 140, 190, 287. 
San Lois Potosi, Mex., 278. 
Sandwich., Mass., 125. 
Sanford, Amelia Coffin, 12. 

Giles, 12. 

Harriet, 410. 

Margaret, 12. 

Mary Coleman, 12. 
Saratoga, N. Y., 370. 
Sargent, Elizabeth, 94. 

Sarmiento, , 371. 

Saugus, Mass., 43. 
Savage, Philip, 168. 
Savannah, Ga., 145. 
Sawyer, , 229. 

Martha, 427. 
Scarborough, Me., 154. 
Scheirge, Edward E., 353. 

Minna Augusta, 353. 
Schenectady, N. Y., 272. 

Schiller, , 95, 300. 

Schuylerville, N. Y., 88. 
Scituate, Mass., 8, 19, 21. 
Scott, Amelia Coffin, 12. 

B. W., 68. 

Thomas A., 12. 

Winfield, 49. 



Sears, 



257. 



Seaver, John, 349. 

Sarah, 349. 
Semmes, Anna Sophia, 10. 

Sophia, 10. 

Thomas, 10. 
Sever, Ellen, 429. 

John, 429. 

William, 1 429. 



496 



INDEX 



Sewanee, Term., 144, 332. 
Seward, Rachel Stone, 72. 
Sewell, Cornelius Van Vorst, 419. 

Isabella Eleanor, 418. 

Robert, 419. 

Robert Van Vorst, 419. 

Sarah, 419. 

Thomas, 418. 

William Joyce, 418. 
Shakespeare, William, 306. 
Shannon, Elizabeth Perkins, 346. 
Shattuck, Anne Henrietta, 127. 

Eliza, 126. 

Emily, 396. 

George Cheyne, 126. 

Hannah, 396. 

Joseph, 396. 

Susan, 396. 

William, 396. 
Shaw, , 10. 

Anna, 89. 

Anne, 153. 

Frank George, 89. 

John Angier, 301. 

Roger, 153. 
Shea, , 73. 

James, 73. 
Sheldon, 



31. 



Shelter Island, N. Y., 104, 105. 
Shepard, , 187. 

Elizabeth, 264. 
Shepherd, Ettrick, 14. 

Shepley, , 420. 

Sherborn, Mass., 204. 
Sherman, John, 368. 

Joseph, 11. 

Lucinda, 368. 

Lucy, 11. 

Mary, 11. 

Roger, 368. 

Sarah, 3. 

William T., 170. 
Sherwin, Thomas, 217. 
Shillaber, Ebenezer, 194. 
Shipman, Lydia L., 114. 
Shove, Sarah, 109. 
Shreve, Benjamin, 346. 

Elizabeth Perkins, 346. 

Hannah, 345. 

Henry, 345. 

Henry M., 346. 

Isaac, 345. 

Israel, 345. 

Mary Levis, 346. 

Octavius B., 346. 
Shreveport, La., 345. 



Shurtleff, Nathaniel B., 201, 202. 

Sibley, , 253. 

Sidmouth, England, 162. 
Simmons, David A., 188. 
Simpson, , 235. 

James, 161. 

Prudence, 284. 

Rachel, 283. 
Sims, Clifford Stanley, 316, 317. 

Elizabeth, 2. 

Emeline Marion, 315. 

Helen Louise, 1, 2 

John, 2, 315. 

John Clarke, 315. 

Launcelot, 315. 

Mary Anne, 1 . 

Mary Josephine, 316. 

Richard, 2. 

Robert, 1, 2. 

William, 2. 

Sise, , 28, 199. 

Sistare, , 214. 

Skinner, Francis, 44. 
Slade, Benjamin, 304. 

Daniel Denison, 305, 306. 

Elizabeth, 304. 

Jacob Tilton, 304. 

Mina Louise, 305. 
Slafter, , 443. 

Edmund F., 165, 402. 
Slater, John F., 108. 
Slaughter, Anna Sophia, 10. 

Elizabeth, 9. 

James, 9. 

Robert, 9. 
Sleeper, Ariana Elizabeth, 290. 

John S., 290. 
Slosson, Sarah, 100. 
Slosson Genealogy, 100. 
Smith, , 329. 

Abigail, 427. 

Eliza Williams, 417. 

Elizabeth Amelia, 161. 

Jeremiah, 329, 330. 

Mary Elizabeth, 204. 

Olive Bicknell, 123. 

Polly, 93. 

Richard, 182. 

Russell, 4. 

S. F., 397. 

Sarah Elizabeth, 182. 

Walter C, 417. 

Zillah, 128. 
Smithtown, N. Y., 182. 
Smyth, Rachel Stone, 72. 

Ralph Dunning, 72. 



INDEX 



497 



Smyth, Sarah Spencer, 72. 

Snow, , 175. 

Snow Hill, Md., 153. 
Society Hill, S. C, 143. 
Sohier, George D., 192. 

Mary Davies, 192. 

William, 420. 

William Davies, 192. 
Somerby, Sarah, 427. 
Somers, Conn., 93. 
Somersetshire, England, 76. 
Somersworth, N. H., 90, 164. 
Somerville, Mass., 21, 332, 341, 365. 
367, 369. 

Soubise, , 209. 

Soule, Betsey B., 298. 

John Martin, 298. 

Mary Harlow, 298. 
South Berwick, Me., 69, 133, 154. 
South Boston, Mass., 37, 43, 110, 

155, 236, 274. 
South Danvers, Mass., 227, 228. 
South Hadley, Mass., 89, 361. 
South Killingly, Conn., 175. 
South Petherton, England, 194. 
South Reading, Mass., 326, 327, 

376, 377. 
South Scituate, Mass., 19. 
South Weymouth, Mass., 83. 
Southampton, England, 283, 289. 
Southborough, Mass., 203. 
Southbridge, 43. 
Sowerby, England, 422. 
Spalding, Betty, 179. 

Edward, 179. 

Esther, 179. 

William, 179. 
q oarhawk, Mary, 58. 
Spear, H. T., 310. 
Spokane, Wash., 276. 
Spooner, Abigail, 7. 

Frances Morin, 7. 

Reed, 7. 

Sarah Abby, 7. 

Sarah L., 7. 

William, 7. 
Spottsylvania, Va., 9. 
Sprague, , 420. 

Phineas, 40, 357. 

Seth 40. 
Springfield, Mass., Ill, 133, 148, 
212, 248, 287, 318, 347, 
394, 398. 
Springfield, O., 180. 
Springfield, Vt., 333. 
Springfield, Va., 9. 



Springport, Mich., 385. 
Spurr, Susan, 250. 
Staddle Hill, Conn., 277. 
Stafford, Julia Ann, 440. 

Polly, 440. 

Thomas, 440. 
Stamford, Conn., 242. 
Standish, Miles, 201, 301. 
Stanley, , 394. 

Abi, 394. 

Adaline G., 395. 

Amon, 394. 

Francis Wadsworth, 395. 

Maurice, 395. 

Mortimer H., 395. 

Philip Bartholomew, 395. 

Theresa B., 395. 

Timothy Wadsworth, 395. 
Stanley families, 395. 
Stanwood, Sarah, 200. 
Stearns, Julia, 20. 
Stedman„Mary, 138. 
Steele, Alice, 275. 

Johannah, 89. 

John, 89. 

Margaret, 430. 
Steele family, 89. 
Steere, Emily Clark, 325. 
Steiner, Bernard Christian, 72. 

Christian, 71. 

Elizabeth, 71. 

Henry, 71. 

Jacob, 71. 

Rebecca, 71. 

Sarah Spencer, 72. 

Stephenson, , 296. 

Sterling, Mass., 415. 
Sterling Castle, Scotland, 14. 
Sterrett, Henrietta, 437. 

Joseph M., 437. 
Stetson, , 160. 

Abijah, 21. 

Benjamin, 21. 

Caleb, 19, 251. 

John, 21* 

Joshua, 294. 

Lebbeus, 21. 

Robert, 21. 

Sarah, 21. 

Sarah A., 21. 
Stevens, Dionis, 207. 

George C, 369. 

Georgiana, 369. 

Mary, 369. 
Stewart, A. T., 294. 
Stewartstown, Ireland, 173. 



498 



INDEX 



Stickney, Amos, 204. 

Benjamin, 204. 

Dudley, 204. 

Elizabeth, 204. 

Jedediah, 204. 

Lucy, 204. 

Mary, 134. 

Mary Elizabeth, 204. 

Matthew Adams, 205. 

Samuel, 204. 

Thomas, 134. 

William, 134, 204. 
Stickney family, 205. 
Stickney, England, 204. 

Stimpson, , 433. 

Stockbridge, Frances, 154. 

John, 154. 

Sarah Frances, 154. 
Stockholm, Sweden, 95. 
Stoddard, John, 100. 
Stone, Achsah Hawes, 407. 

Annie E., 432. 

Caroline Lucretia, 325. 

Charles Waterman, 326. 

Eben Francis, 233. 

Ebenezer, 232, 307, 407. 

Elias, 232. 

Elizabeth, 326. 

Emily Clark, 325. 

Fanny, 232. 

Frederick Dawson, 431, 432. 

Gregory, 307, 325, 407. 

Hannah, 307. 

Harriet F., 233. 

John, 307, 430. 

Jonathan, 307. 

Katherine Phetteplace, 326. 

Marguerite Bernon, 326. 

Mary, 430. 

Mary Winsor, 325. 

Nathaniel, 307. 

Phineas, 307. 

Samuel, 307. 

Sarah E., 307. 

Silas, 307. 

Waterman, 326. 

Witner, 432. 
Stoneham, Mass., 385. 
Stones, Charles, 430. 

Margaret, 430. 
Stoninghan, Conn., 255. 
Storrow, Louisa, 191. 
Story, , 261, 359. 

Elisha, 285. 

Joseph, 285. 

Julian, 286. 



Story, Waldo, 286. 

William, 285. 

William Wetmore, 286. 
Stoughton, Exene E., 384. 

Timothy, 384. 
Stoughton, Mass., 193, 251, 373. 
Stowe, Elizabeth, 94. 

Ellen G., 94. 

Eugenia, 94. 

Hannah Sawin, 93. 

Harriet Beecher, 33. 

John, 93. 

Mary D., 94. 

Mary E., 94. 

Samuel, 93. 

Susan G., 94. 

Thomas, 93. 

Truman, 93. 

William, 93, 94. 

William E., 94. 

Stratton, , 297. 

Stuart, George H., 123. 

Stubbs, , 76. 

Sturbridge, Mass., 7. 
Sturgeon's Creek, 439. 
Sudbury, England, 327. 
Sullivan, Me., 283. 
Summerville, Ga., 145. 
Summit, Penn., 338. 
Sumner, Charles, 88, 253, 274. 
Surbiton, England, 34. 
Sutton, Mass., 61, 399. 
Sutton, Vt., 280. 
Swain, Robert, 330. 
Swampscott, Mass., 92, 93, 206. 
Swan, , 213. 

Francis, 72. 

Francis K., 334. 

Joshua A., 337. 

Margaret Manning, 337. 

Maria, 72. 

Sarah, 337. 
Sweetser, , 213. 

Maria, 385. 

S. Fannie, 96. 
Swift, Lydia, 308. 

Mary Ann, 432. 
Symonds, Samuel, 391. 
Syracuse, N. Y., 22. 

Taggard, Anna E., 390. 

Samuel, 390. 

Sarah, 390. 

William, 390. 
Talbot, John, 445. 

Julia Christina, 445. 



INDEX 



499 



Tallmon, Lucy Jane, 342. 
Tampico, Mex., 29. 
Tangier, Morocco, 419. 
Tappan, Arthur, 309. 

Lewis, 310. 

Lucy Maria, 310. 
Tarbel, Thomas, 217. 
Tarrytown, N. Y., 419. 
Taunton, Mass., 37, 40, 211, 212, 
215, 217, 325, 349, 356, 413. 
Taylor, , 278. 

H. A., 10. 

Horace B., 408. 

Zachary, 49. 
Tebbets, Ellen, 429. 

Theodore, 429. 
Temple, Elizabeth, 225. 
Tenney, William P., 294. 
Terry, , 170. 

Thacher, Harriet, 223. 

Margaret Louisa, 223. 

Peter, 222, 223. 

Stephen, 222. 

Thomas, 222. 
Thacher family, 223. 
Thaxter, Anna Quincy, 292. 

Mary, 291. 

Robert, 291. 

Samuel, 291. 
Thayer, - , 368. 

Adele, 226. 

Cordelia, 263. 

Gideon F., 369, 379. 

Harriet, 263. 

J. B., 396. 

John Eliot, 226. 

Nathaniel, 263. 
Thomas, , 63. 

Isaiah, 28. 

Seth J., 62. 
Thomaston, Me., 404, 405. 
Thompson, , 39, 432. 

Anne Eliza, 361. 

Benjamin, 360. 

Charles, 360. 

Hannah, 92. 

J. P., 310. 

James, 92, 360, 361. 

Jonathan, 92. 

Leander, 361. 

Leonard, 92. 

Mary, 360. 

Samuel, 92. 

Samuel A., 361. 
Thompson, Conn., 206. 
Thompson family, 361. 



Thoreau, Henry D., 282. 
Thorndike, J. P., 384. 
Thorndyke, Elizabeth, 227. 
Thorp, Eli, 146. 
Thorpe, Anna, 369. 

Eliphalet, 369. 

Ruth, 369. 

Thudichum, , 297. 

Thurston, Cornelia Sophia, 215. 

Georgiana, 215. 

Julia Clark, 215. 

Philomelia, 214. 

Stephen, 214. 
Thwing, James, 299. 

Martha, 299. 

Rebecca, 299. 

Ticknor, , 281. 

Tilden, — , 254. 

Catherine Hitchcock, 67. 
Tillinghast, , 368. 

Mercy, 439. 

Sarah, 439. 
Tilton, , 40. 

Theodore, 310. 
Timmins, Susan H., 44. 
Tobey, Alice S., 6. 

Edward S., 6. 

Samuel, 40. 

Silas, 40. 
Todd, Relief, 96. 
Togus Springs, Augusta, Me., 41. 
Toner, Ann, 338. 

Joseph Meredith, 339. 

Meredith, 338. 
Topliff, Samuel, 171. 

Sarah Jane, 171. 
Topsfield, Mass., 121, 204, 372. 
Toronto, Canada, 78. 
Torrey, — , 281. 

Ruth, 204. 
Totnes, England, 220. 
Tower, , 327. 

David B., 375. 

Mary Jones, 43. 
Towers, Sarah, 353. 
Towles, Elizabeth, 9. 

Thomas, 9. 

Townsend, , 31. 

Tracy, Elizabeth Faris, 162. 

Traphagen, Anna, 400. 

Trask, William Blake, 137. 

Trenton, N. J., 244, 317. 

Trevorion, Dorcas, 353. 

Troy, N.Y., 26, 47, 52, 104, 129, 

161. 
Trumbull, Charles Perkins, 356. 



500 



INDEX 



Trumbull, Elinor, 355. 

Elizabeth, 356. 

George Augustus, 355. 

George Clap, 356. 

Isabella Frink, 356. 

John, 355. 

Jonathan, 356. 

Joseph, 355. 

Louisa, 355. 

Mary, 355. 

Sarah Hartwell, 356. 

Susan, 356. 
Tuck, Amos, 115. 

Ellen, 115. 
Tucker, , 368. 

Ichabod, 201. 

Mary Elizabeth, 137. 
Tuckerman, , 279. 

Florence Harding, 182. 

Walter Carey, 182. 
Tufts, Abigail, 422. 
Turner, , 74, 133. 

Celia Crocker, 308. 

Elizabeth Deffiner, 411. 

Humphrey, 410. 

Japheth. 410. 

John, 410. 

Joseph, 410. 

Joshua, 410. 

Larkin, 410. 

Lydia, 308, 410. 

Sally, 410. 

Samuel Adams, 8. 

Sara A., 411. 

Thomas Larkin, 411, 412. 

Walter, 308. 
Turner history, 412. 
Turner's Falls, Mass., 273. 
Tuttle, C. R., 89. 

Elizabeth, 172. 
Tuxedo, N. Y., 115. 
Tweed, Austin, 327. 

Benjamin Franklin, 327. 

Clara, 327. 

Elizabeth, 326. 

Harrison, 327. 

Joshua, 326, 327. 

Mary J., 327. 
Twombly, Frances, 435. 

Henry B., 435. 
Tyngsborough, Mass., 362. 

Uffington, England, 319. 

Underwood, , 51. 

Union, N. Y., 99. 
Uniontown, Pehn., 315. 



Unity, N. H., 267. 
Upham, Hannah, 331. 

Upsall, , 73. 

Urtiche, Mary, 353. 
Usher, Caroline M., 243. 

Caroline Mudge, 244. 

Edward Preston, 244. 

Eleazer, 242. 

Fannie, 242. 

Hezekiah, 242. 

James, 242. 

John, 242. 

Leonard, 242. 

Lydia, 243. 

Robert, 242. 

Roland Greene, 243, 244. 
Utica, N. Y., 277. 

Vallombrosa, Italy, 285. 
Valparaiso, Chili, 139. 
Van Rensselaer, Cordelia, 263. 
Van Vorst, Cornelius, 419. 

Sarah, 419. 
Van Vorst, N. J., 419. 
Ventnor, England, 445. 
Very, Hannah, 345. 

James, 345. 
Vezin, Alfred, 87. 

Isabelle G., 87. 
Vienna, Austria, 104, 372. 
Vinton, Francis, 441. 
Vitr6, France, 210. 
Vose-Lillie, Elizabeth, 3. 

Wachenheim, Bavaria, 102. 
Wadham College, England, 2. 

Wadsworth, , 70. 

Betsey, 413. 
Wainwright, Electa Leonard, 287. 
Wait, Harriet, 359. 
Wakefield, Mass., 327, 376. 

Wakeman, , 27. 

W a l e s 193 

Walford, Edith Mary, 445. 

Edward, 444. 

Edward Arundell Talbot, 445. 

Ethel Mary, 445. 

Julia Christina, 445. 

Julia Mary, 445. 

Mary Anne, 443. 

Mary Holmes, 445. 

Mary Louisa, 445. 

Philip Moreton, 445. 

William, 443. 
Walker, Abigail, 261. 

Amasa, 60, 381. 



INDEX 



501 



Walker, Emeline, 60. 

Exene E., 384. 

Francis, 384. 

Francis Amasa, 383, 384. 

Hannah, 60, 381. 

John, 381. 

Nathaniel, 381. 

Phineas, 381. 

Priscilla, 381. 

Samuel, 381. 

Sarah, 381. 

Submit, 381. 

Susanna, 381. 

Walter, 381. 

Wallace, , 14. 

Walley, Miriam Phillips. 258. 

Samuel, 258. 
Wallis, Maria Miller, 279. 

Samuel, 279. 
Walpole, Mass., 407, 408. 
Walpole, N. H., 19, 58, 111, 427, 

436. 
Walter, William, 224, 225. 
Waltham, Mass., 57, 58, 229. 
Waquoit, Mass., 308. 
Ward, Mary, 134. 

Nathaniel, 200, 202. 

William Hayes, 310. 
Wardle, Samuel, 352. 

Sarah, 352. 
Wardwell, Abigail Frye, 353. 

Daniel, 352. 

Minna Augusta, 353. 

Sarah, 352. 

Solomon, 352. 

Sophia Matilda, 353. 

Timothy Osgood, 353. 

William Henry, 353. 
Ware, Adelaide Francis, 406. 

Alice S., 6. 

Richard D., 406. 
Wareham, England, 116. 
Warner, Seth, 333. 
Warner, N. H., 408, 409. 
Warren, , 352. 

Adelia Maria, 319. 

Amos, 4. 

Daniel, 4. 

Elisha, 4. 

Frances, 4. 

Hannah L., 319. 

Isaac, 4. 

Israel P., 395. 

John, 4, 319. 

Rebecca, 4. 

Richard, 301. 



Warren, S. D., 352. 

Susan, 319. 

William Wilkins, 5. 

Winslow, 254. 
Warren Genealogy, 5. 
Warren, R. I., 43. 
Warwick, R. I., 440. 
Washburn, , 215. 

Anne, 125. 

Francis T., 330. 

William, 409. 
Washington, George, 48, 74, 202, 
205, 273, 285, 339, 356, 441, 
442. 

Martha, 49. 

Mary, 49. 
Washington, D. C, 32, 38, 40, 53, 
71, 79, 118, 119, 128, 158, 
183, 226, 231, 243, 255, 278, 
321, 322, 323, 338, 339, 362, 
382. 
Waterbury, Conn., 186. 
Waters, Clara, 190. 

Lucy, 204. 

William, 205. 
Watertown, Mass., 4, 104, 109, 142, 
179, 239, 250, 253, 369, 373, 
388, 425, 426. 
Watertown, N. Y., 21. 
Wateiwille, Me., 125. 
Watson, Elizabeth, 261. 

James O., 333. 

John, 99. 

Mary C, 333. 
Watton, England, 379. 
Waukegan, 111., 51. 
Way, Samuel A., 115. 
Wayland, Mass., 94. 
Weare, N. H., 307, 308. 
Weathersfield, Vt., 47. 
Webb, John, 333. 

Lucy Ware, 108. 
Webster, Daniel, 158, 165, 199, 
225, 226, 276. 

John, 321, 322. 

Sarah Adelia, 321. 

William Burnham, 321. 

William Holcomb, 322. 
Webster Genealogy, 322. 
Weeden, Caroline, 435. 

William O., 435. 
Weir, Emma, 324. 

Robert, 324. 
Weld, Caroline L., 321 

Charles G., 329. 

Eleazer, 170. 



502 



INDEX 



Weld, Fanny Elizabeth, 171. 

John, 170. 

Joseph, 327. 

Mary P., 327. 

Thomas Swan, 170. 

William F., 329. 

William Fletcher, 327. 

William Gordon, 170, 328. 
Welles, Gideon, 343. 
Wellesley, Mass., 276. 
Wellman, Esther Steele, 399. 

James, 399. 

Martha, 399. 

Mary Russell, 398, 399. 

Samuel, 399. 
Wells, E. M. P., 37. 

Nathaniel, 164. 

Rebecca, 333. 

William, 191. 
Wells, England, 76, 77, 388. 
Wells, Me., 368. 
Weltzheimer, Rebecca, 71. 
Wenham, Mass., 60. 
Wentworth, , 191. 

Elizabeth Hopkins, 182. 

Mary Ann, 229. 
Werdall, Thomas, 352. 
West, Celia Crocker, 308. 

Elsie A., 152. 

Josiah Blossom, 308. 
West Amesbury, Mass., 361. 
West Braddock, Penn., 214. 
West Bridge water, Mass., 149. 
West Brookfield, Mass., 134, 318. 
West Cambridge, Mass., 4, 38, 166. 
West Cornwall, England, 354. 
West New Brighton, N. Y., 87. 
West Newbury, Mass., 97. 
West Newton^ Mass., 6, 223, 270. 
West Point, N. Y., 53, 54, 69, 322, 

323, 324. 
West Riding, England, 422. 
West Roxbury, Mass., 87, 265. 
West Townsend, Vt., 435. 
West Winsted, Conn., 99. 
Westborough, Mass., 385. 
Westfield, Mass., 33, 34. 
Westford, Mass., 179, 356, 357. 

Westinghouse, , 287. 

Westminster, Vt., 129. 
Weston, Henry C, 169. 

Lucy, 169. 
Weston, Mass., 229. 
Wetherbee, Adeline, 189. 

Sophia, 17. 
Wetherell, John, 181. 



Wethersfield, Conn., 100, 277. 
Wetmore, , 357. 

Catherine Mary de Hart, 278. 

Hannah, 277. 

Izrahiah, 277. 

James Carnahan, 278. 

John Chetwoo.l, 278. 

Oliver, 277. 

Sarah, 277. 

Seth, 277. 

Thomas, 277. 
Wetmore family, 278. 
Weymouth, Mass., 187, 222. 
Whaer, Lucie, 202. 

Whalley, , 399. 

Wharton, Charles H., 202. 
Wheatland, . 266. 

Henry, 194. 

Martha, 116. 

Mary C, 116. 

Peter, 116. 

Richard, 116. 
Wheeler, Charles, 20. 

Charles D., 139. 

Charles Stearns, 20. 

Hannah Crowell, 20. 

Julia, 20. 

Martha Jane, 20. 

Marv, 45. 

Mary E., 139. 
Wheelwright, John, 165. 

Josiah, 37. 
Wheildon, Juliet Rebecca, 65. 

Whidden, , 271. 

White, A. E., 349. 

Dorothy Hancock, 350. 

Edward, 350. 

Ferdinand Elliot, 350. 

Francis Beach, 352. 

Frederick Clement, 352. 

Greenough, 352. 

Hannah, 26. 

James, 136. 

John Gardner, 351. 

Martha, 350. 

Mary, 351. 
White Creek, N. Y., 52. 
Whitestown, N. Y., 277. 
Whiting, , 215. 

Elizabeth S., 277. 

John, 399. 

Samuel, 276. 

William, 301, 302, 399. 
Whitman, Ann, 118. 

Bernard, 231. 
Whitney, . 199. 



INDEX 



503 



Whitney, Annie, 230. 

George A., 181. 

William Dwight, 372. 
Whitney family, 100. 
Whiton, Elizabeth Deffiner, 411. 

Royal, 411. 
Whittemore, Abby R., 348. 

Bernard, 120. 

F. P., 120. 

Jane, 120. 

Joseph, 348. 

Nathaniel, 120. 
Whittemore family, 120. 
Whittier, Abigail, 90. 

John, 90. 

John G., 95, 232, 240, 282. 

Joseph, 90. 

Thomas, 90. 
Whittle, Mary, 430. 

Robert, 430. 

Thomas, 90. 
Wiggins, Susan Harriet, 36. 
Wilbraham, Mass., 127. 
Wilbur, Patience, 424. 

Phebe, 255. 
Wilcox, Almira, 21. 
Wilder, , 10. 

Eliza, 186. 

Fanny, 42. 

Jonas, 440. 

Marshall P., 351. 
Wilkes, Charles, 380. 
Wilkins, , 272. 

Frances, 4. 

William, 4. 
Wilkinson, , 70, 160. 

Margaret Elizabeth, 319. 

Willan, , 353. 

Willard, Benjamin F., 67. 
Williams, , 357. 

Catherine, 260. 

Edwin, 48. - 

Elizabeth Davis, 415. 

Fletcher, 259. 

Hannah, 287. 

Hannah Weld, 357. 

J. M. S., 109. 

Jeremiah, 415. 

John Davis, 357. 

John Fletcher, 260. 

Roger, 331. 

Samuel, 259. 
Williams family, 358. 
Williamsburg, S. C, 143. 
Williamson, Joseph, 389. 
Williamsport, 53. 



Williamstown, Mass., 26. 
Williard, Francis, 175. 
Willis, Eugenia, 94. 
Willson, Edmund Burke, 266. 

Edmund R., 266. 

Robert W., 266. 
Wilmington, Del., 49. 
Wilmot, Anna, 36. 

Charlotte Gertrude, 36. 

Edward Ashley, 36. 

Elizabeth Black, 36. 

Henry, 36. 

John David, 36. 

John McNeil, 36. 

Lemuel, 36. 

Susan Elizabeth, 36. 

Susan Harriet, 36. 
Wilson, Emmeline, 133. 

John, 133. 

Mary, 143. 

Michael, 133. 

Miles, 133. 

Sarah, 133. 

William G., 133. 
Winans, Ross, 54. 
Winchester, Mary, 139. 
Winchester, Mass., 369. 
Winchester, N. H., 23. 
Windham, Me., 261. 
Windham, N. H., 24. 
Windsor, Conn., 107, 172. 
Windsor, Vt., 180. 
Winslow, , 264. 

Charles, 279. 

Edward, 279. 

Elizabeth, 279. 

George S., 280. 

Isaac, 279. 

John, 279. 

Maria Miller, 279. 

Mary, 279. 

Samuel, 279. 

Samuel Wallis, 280. 
Winsor, Justin, 431. 
Winthrop, Adele, 226. 

Eliza C, 226. 

Eliza Cabot, 226. 

Elizabeth, 225. 

John, 108, 225, 226, 267, 404. 

John Still, 225. 

Robert C, 226, 421. 

Robert C, Jr., 224, 226. 

Thomas Lindall, 225. 

Wait Still, 225. 
Winthrop, Mass., 43. 
Wire, Abigail, 427. 



504 



INDEX 



Wiscasset, Me., 159, 387. 
Wisely, Helen Louise, 1. 

John, 1, 2. 

Wisner, , 214. 

Wistarn, Annis Lee, 301. 
Witner, Annie E., 432. 
Woburn, Mass., 39, 92, 183, 270, 
360, 361, 362, 367, 384, 407. 
Wolcott, Cornelia, 30. 

Frederick, 30. 

Harriet, 30. 

Huntington F., 30. 

Oliver, 30. 

Roger, 30, 421. 
Wolcottville, Conn., 146. 
Wolfboro, N. H., 361. 

Wolfe, , 163. 

Wolsey, , 221. 

Wood, , 63. 

Woodbury, John, 391. 

Levi, 69. 

Mary, 45. 

William, 45. 
Woodhull, Caleb S., 27. 

Nathaniel, 182. 
Woodman, Mary, 154. 
Woods, Harding P., 249. 

Sarah, 249. 
Woodstock, Conn., 138, 206, 252, 

309, 310, 439. 
Woodstock, Vt., 17, 180, 338. 
Woodward, — , 375. 



Woodward, S. B., 138. 

W. Elliot, 195. 
Worcester, Mass., 32, 66, 95, 138, 
203, 247, 248, 264, 348, 355, 
356, 381, 385, 392. 
Worcestershire, England, 76. 

Wordsworth, , 95. 

Wrentham, Mass., 144, 344. 
Wright, , 354. 

Eben, 399. 

Ebenezer, 399. 

George W., 399, 400. 

Georgeanna, 400. 

John Stratton, 398, 399. 

Joseph, 399. 

Martha, 399. 

Mary Russell, 398, 399. 

Samuel, 398. 
Wyman, Daniel, 92. 

Hannah, 92. 

Mary, 360. 

Thomas B., 145. 

Yarmouth, Mass., 435. 
Yarmouth, N. S., 387. 
Yarrow, Scotland, 14. 
Yeddo, Japan, 184. 
Yokohama, Japan, 357, 358. 
York, Me., 133, 223. 
Yorktown, Va., 226. 

Zanesville, O., 180, 



i si