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Full text of "Memorial of the patriotism of Schuylkill county"

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MEMORIAL 



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rHE PATRIOTISM 



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SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, 



IN THE 



AMERICAN SLAVEHOLDER'S REBELLION, 



Emuracing a Complete List of tub Names of all tue Volitnteers from Tan 
County during the War ; Patriotic Contributions bv the Citizens ; List 
of the Names of Tuose who fell in Battle or i>ied by Disf.ast; ; 
Desoriptions of the part taken in various engagements by our Reg- 
iments, WITH Casualties ; Chronological Record of the PRi>f- 
ciPAL Events of thr Rebellion ; Biographical Sketches 
OF Prominent Officers and of Surgeons from the 
County, &c., accompanied by a Plate of Portraits 
OF Generals and Colonels from this County, 
and a Map of the Southern States with 
THE Battle Fields MarivEd. 



COMPILED BY FRANCIS B. WALLACE. 

Associate -Editor of the ^' Miners' Journal.^' 



Published by 
BENJAMIN BANNAN 
POTTSVILLE, PA. 
1865. . 



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imUM, $t^\m, Mites, MM\m, gsugljicrs an!) Sisttts 

OP THE MEN OP SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, WHOSE NAMES ARE IBENTIFIED 

WITH THE PRESERVATION OF THE LIFE OF THE REPUBLIC, 

THIS BOOK IS RESPECTFULLY 

DEDICATED. 



CONTENTS. 



Preface, .------ 5 

Introduction, __---- -7 

The Three Months' Campaign. — Departure of Volunteers. — 
Muster Rolls of Washington Artillerists, National Light 
Infantry, Ringgold Rifles, Scott Artillery, Minersville. Ar- 
tillerists, Port Clinton Artillery, Marion Rifles, Lafayette 
Rifles, Washington Light Infantry, Ashland Rifles, Colum- 
bian Infantry, Llewellyn Rifles, Wetherill Rifles, Tower 
Guards, Wynkoop Artillery, Scott Rifles, Jackson Guards, 
German Light Infantry, Nagle Guards, Washington Yea- 

gers. Keystone Rifles, Union Guards and Schuylkill Guards, 13 

Recapitulation of total number of Three Months' Troops, - 43 

Sword Presentation to Major Campbell, - - - 45 
Resolution of Thanks from Congress to first troops who entered 

Washington, ------ 49 

Presentation of Colors to 25th Penn. Regiment, - - - 49 

Patriotic Contributions, Meetings, Incidents, &c., - - 52 
Patriotic Fund, _.----- 60 

Return of the Three Months' Troops, - - - - 7G 

Deaths during Three Months' Service, - - - - 80 

Three Years or the War. ----- 83 

Muster Rolls of the Forty-Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, - 89 

Muster Rolls of the Ninety-Sixth Pennsylvania Regiment, - 112 

Muster Rolls of Cos. E, B and C, Fifty-Fifth Penna. Regiment, - 128 
Muster Rolls of Cos. A, C, D, E, F, I, K and L, Seventh Penn. 

Cavalry, - - - - - - -130 

Muster Roll of Co. L, Third Penn. Cavalry, - - - 134 

Muster Rolls of Cos. K, A and II, Sixty-Seventh Pa. Regiment, - 13G 

Muster Roll of Co. II, Seventeenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, - 137 
Other Pennsylvania Regiments, ----- 139 

In Regiments of other States, - - - . 160 

In the Regular Army, • - - - - - 164 

In the Navy, _------ 167 

Grand Recapitulation, ------ 168 

The Calls in 1862, for Troops. . - - - 174 

War Meeting in Pottsville, - - - - - 175 

The Nine Months' Volunteers. — Muster Rolls of the One 

Huntlred and Twenty-Ninth Pa. Regiment, - - 178 
Muster Rolls of Cos. C and K, One Hundred and Twenty-Seventh 

Pa. Regiment, - - - - - - 185 

Muster Roll of Co. K, One Hundred and Thirty-Seventh Penn. 

Regiment, ------- 186 

Muster Roll of Co. I, One Hundred and Fifty-First Pa. Regt., - 186 

Muster Roll of Capt. Jones' Provost Guard, - - - 187 
Other Nine Months' Regiments, ----- 188 

Deaths in Nine Months' Service, . . - . 190 



ii Contents. 

First Trlicafened Invasion of Pennsylvania, - . , igj 

Accounts of conduct of Forty-Eighth Regiment in Battles near 

Bull Run, -----_. 191 

Casualties of the Forty-Eighth Regiment in acUons of ATagust 

29 and 30, and Sept. 1, 1862, - - - - 19i 

Casualties of Fiftieth Regiment in same battles, - - - 195 
Officirl Report of Col. Henry L. Cake of part taken by Ninety- 
Sixth Regiment in engagementa of S^pt. 14 and 17, at 

South Mountain and Antietam, - - - - 19G 

Casualties of Ninety-Sixth Regiment, - - - ^. 198 
Account 01 part borne by Forty-Eighth Regiment in Battles of 

South Mountain and Antietam, _ - _ _ 2OI 

Casualties of Forty-Eighth Regiment, - - - - 203 

Casualties of Fiftieth Regiment. - » - - _ 20-1 

The Pennsylvania Militia, - . . _ 205 

Muster Roll of Company F, Second Regiment, Penna. Militia, - 20G 
Muster Roll of Capt. Eshelman's Company,- Fourth Regiment, 

Penna. Militia, -.--..- 207 

Muster Rolls of Cos. B, G and II, Sixth Militia Regiment, « 208 

Muster Rolls of Cos. A and E, Seventeenth Penna, Militia, - 212 

Muster Roll of Capt. Tics's Militia Company, . - . 214 

The Draft »f 18B2, ------ 210 

Musier Rolls of Cos. A, D, F and H, One Hundred and Seventy- 
Third Penna. Regiment, Drafted Militia, ' - - - 217 
The First Battle of Fredericksburg, - - - - 221 

The part the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Regiment took in 

the Battle, --_____ 222 

Oi!icial Report of Col. Frick, containing List of Casualties sus- 
tained by the Regiment, - - - - _ 22G 

The part taken by the" Forty-Eighth Regiment in the Battle, - 229 

The Seventh Penn. Cavalry in the Battle of Murfreesboro, - 232 

What was Done j:^ 1803. ----.. 239 

Cavalry Fight at Kelley's Ford, Va., - - - . - 239 

Second Battle of Fredericksburg, - - - . _ 240 
Account of the part borne by the Ninety-Sixth Regiment in the 

Battle, and List of Casualties, - - - -. 240 

Narrative of the part taken by the One Hundred and Twenty- 
Ninth Regiment in the Battle, and List of Casualties, - 244 
CoL Prick's Official Report, - _ _ _ - 246 
The Ninety-Sixth in the Battle, - - - - - 247 

Return of the One Hundred and Twenty-Ninth Regiment, - 251 
The Second Invasion of Pennsylvania, _ . _ . 255 
Muster Rolls of Cos. A, B, C, E, G and I, Twenty-Seventh Re- 
giment, Penna. Volunteer Militia, - - _ _ 256 
Col. Prick's Official Report of the Skirmish at Wrightsville, Pa., 264 
Muster Rolls of Cos. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and K, Thirty-Ninth 

Reg., Penna. Vol. Militia, . _ - - . 268 
Muster Rolls of Cos. C, F, H and I, Fifty-Third Penn. Volun- 
teer Militia, ------- 279 

Deaths in the Militia Service, ----- 283 

The Draft of 1863, - - - - - - 284 

Drafted Men who entered the service, - - - - 284 

Drafted Men who furnished Substitutes, - - - - 285 

Drafted Men who paid Commutation, - - - - 290 

The Call in October, 1863, for three hundred thousand Volunteers, 294 

The Third Year of the War, - - - - - 295 



Contents. ill 



Arrival Home of Re-enlisted Veterans, - - . 29o 

Muster Rolls of Forry-Eightli Regiment, re-enlisted Veterans 

and Recruits, ------- 302 

Muster Rolls of Cos. A, C, D, F, G, I and L, Seventh Cavalry, 

re-enlisted Veterans and Recruits, - . _ 311 

Muster Roll of re-enlisted men and recruits of Ninety-Sixth Reg., 315 

Muster Roll of re-enlisted men and recruits of the Fiftieth Reg., 316 

In other Pennsylvania Regiments, _ - _ - 318 

In Regular Army, .__--- 322 

(irand Recapitulation, ------ 324 

The Siege of Knoxville, Tenn. — Part taken in it by the Fortj- 

3*]ighth, and List of Casualties, - . - - 325 

Casualties of the Fiftieth, ----- 329 

Muster Roll of Co. E, Two Hundred and Tenth Penna. Reg., - 330 

The Campaign of 1864, . _ - - - 331 

Part borne by the Forty-Eighth in the series of Battles from 

the Wilderness, Va., to Petersburg, with List of Casualties, - 333 
Part borne by the Ninety-Sixth Regiment in same Campaign, 

•with List of Casualties, - - - - - 348 

Part borne by the Fiftieth, with List of Casualties, - - 351 

Part borne by the Fifty-Fifth, with List of Casualties, - - 355 

Casualties of Fifty-Sixth, Sixty-Seventh, Eighty-Eighth, Ninety- 
Third and One Hundred and Sixteenth Infantry Regiments, 

and Seventh and Twenty First Cavalry, in same Campaign, - 359 
Casualties of Co. F, One Hundred and Ninth Penn. Regiment, 
and Seventh Pa, Cavalry, in Sherman's campaign from 

Chattanooga to Atlanta, Ga,, ----- 301 

A Daring Attack. — Account of the part taken by the Seventh 

Cavalry, ------- 363 

Muster Rail of Company F, One Hundred and Sixteenth Reg., 365 
The One Hundred Days'"^ Men.— Master Rolls of Cos. C and H, 
One Hundred and Ninety-Fourth Penn, Reg., and Lam- 
bert's Independent Cavalry, ----- 367 

Return home of Ninety -Sixth Regiment, - _ - 370 

Call for Five Hundred Thousand Men. — Names of recruits to 

Forty-Eighth and other Pennsylvania Regiments, - - 371 

Call for 'Three Hundred Thousand Men. — Names of recruits 

under the call, ------- 379 

The Total Number of Men furnished by Schuylkill County 

during the War, - ^ _ - . - 395 

The Closing Campaign, ----- 396 

Casualties of the Forty-Eighth, - - - - - 398 

Our Dead, - - ----- - 404 

Battle Narratives, __ , ^ . - - 423 

The Chronology of the REBEt,LioK, - - - - 437 

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation; - - - 479 

President Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, - - 480 

Contributions, Incidents, &c., ----- 483 

Biographical Sketches of Officers, _ - - 501 

Our Surgeons, »------ 532 

CoxcLusipjf, -._---- 546 



ERRATA. 



Page 77. — "Geo. Leib" should be Edward II. Leib. 

Page 121. — "Company E," (9Gth Reg.,) should be Company F. 

Page 128.— "George S. Hill," should be George 11. Hill. 

Page 303. — Company A, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued, should 
be at head of page. 

Page 304. — Company B, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued, should 
bo at head of page. 

Page 316. — Company A should have been inserted after "Fiftieth 
Pennsylvania Regiment." 



PREFACE. 



In the pages of this Memorial we have endeavored to give a 
faithful record of the services of Schuylkill County in assisting the 
Government to crush the wicked and most causeless Rebellion of 
1861. It is eminently proper that such a record should be pub- 
lished; for this County wears the distinguished honor of having 
been one of four to throw into the National Capital the first troops 
for its defence against the conspirators, which promptness it is 
stated on the highest official authority, saved Washington from 
invasion ; the archives from seizure, and possibly, the persons of 
the President and of the members of his Cabinet from violence. 
Thus early was she in the field. She has contributed several regi- 
ments, and the blood of her sons has been shed in all of the most 
important engagements of the war, while there has hardly been a 
fight at any point along our vast military line, in which she has 
not been honorably represented. 

The names of the gallant men who have shed a lustre upon the 
County, merit honorable perpetuation in a durable form like this, 
and we have undertaken the pleasing duty, convinced that 
posterity, while enjoying Liberty secured to them by the bravery, 
and self-sacrificing action of these men, will revere them as we love 
and respect the memory of the soldiers of the first War for Ameri- 
can Independence. 

With this explanation of the motive for the publication of this 
Memorial, we submit it as a record of the work of Schuylkill County 
in the good cause, and as worthy not only of the attention of the 
relatives and friends of the men whose names are enrolled therein, 
and the citizens generally, of the County, who feel proud of the 
part she has borne in the contest, but of all who appreciate courage, 
loyalty and patriotism. 

PottsvilUj Schuylkill County^ Pa. 



INTROBUCTION. 



In preparing as we purpose, for preservation bj the Volunteers 
from Schuylkill County, in the Union Army, and by their fathers 
mothers, wives, daughters, sisters and brothers, this simple, yet in 
its long list of patriotic names, eloquent record of what the great 
Mining County of Pennsylvania has done, to assist the Federal 
Government to crush rebellion, it is no part of our purpose to 
touch upon apparently irrelevant topics. However tempting it 
might be to recur to the days of William Penn and Roger 
Williams, to contrast the widely opposite sentiments of the early 
settlers of the Atlantic coast, and from it to deduce facts which 
were stepping-stones to the present rebellion of the American 
slaveholders, we refrain, and for the double purpose of brevity and 
of getting speedily at the main object of this work, we will confine 
ourselves to a preparatory glance at the more modern events 
preceding the rebellion. 

In 1824 the first Protective Tarifi", in any sense of the term. 
was passed by Congress, under the guidance of the lamcDted 
Statesman, Henry Clay, whose able and eloquent advocacy of 
the measure, earned for him the title, " Father of the American 
System.'' The operations of this Tariff were so beneficial to the 
material interests of the country, that prosperity soon spread 
throughout the land. In 1828 John Quincy Adams was elected 
President, and a strenuous effort was made to repeal the Tariff of 
1824. The advocates of a repeal finding that the effort was likely 
to prove abortive, united with some ultra Protectionists, and suc- 
ceeded in effecting a considerable increase on the rate of duties of 
the Tariff of 1824. Their sole object seemed to be to make that 
measure extremely obnoxious to the South, and in this they suc- 
ceeded. In 1832, Gen. Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee, was 
elected President, and John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, 
Vice-President, both Southern men and slaveholders. After their 
inauguration, the extreme Southern men, led by Calhoun, en- 
deavored to secure Jackson's sympathies for the formation of a 



viii. Introduction. 

Southern Confederacy. At a celebration given in Washington, on 
an anniversary of Jefferson's birth-day, President Jackson and 
Vice-President Calhoun were present, and in pursuance of the plan 
agreed upon to commit the President in favor of Nullification 
measures, a toast to that effect was drawn up and placed for his 
use, under his plate. The incorruptible patriot on the instant 
perceived the tenor of it, and with the nerve of a Roman patrician, 
gave the toast rendered famous by the event, 

*' The Union must and shall be preserved." 

Foiled in their attempt at that time to disrupt the Union, in 
consequence of the firmness and patriotism of the President, a 
quarrel took place between him and the conspirators; and Calhoun, 
who for many years had supported the policy of Protection, on the 
ground that the slaves consumed but lightly of foreign manufac- 
tures, while the North would pay the mass of duties, turned and 
denounced the bill of 1828, as tending to rob the South. Calhoun 
then inaugurated the Nullification scheme, which as all are aware, 
was promptly crushed under the heel of the veteran Jackson, 
while the author only escaped hanging, by keeping out of the way 
of the authorities. At that period Henry Clay, the great but 
we fear, for the welfare of the country, too often erring Compro- 
miser, introduced his celebrated compromise Tariff bill, which was 
adopted. Its provisions gradually reduced the then existing 
duties down to twenty per cent., the sliding scale occupying a 
period of about five years, until the mininum was reached. The 
effect of the operations of this Tariff was," to prostrate the industrial 
resources of the entire country, and resulted in 1840 in the elec- 
tion to the Presidency, by an overwhelming majority, of Gen. 
Harrison, his opponent being Martin Van Buren. Next 
followed the passage of the Tariff of 1812, under the operations of 
which the country attained a degree of material prosperity, un- 
precedented in its previous history. 

It is a recognized fact that although Calhoun advocated the 
Protective Policy in the early history of the country, he never did 
so with any other motive than to consolidate the South on an unity 
of interest in opposition to the progressive growth and prosperity 



Introduction. ix. 

of the North, especially the New England States, He thought that 
Protection would injure the commerce of New England, which 
indeed, it did for a time, and it was on that ground, opposed by the 
people of those States. But not continuing to answer the expected 
result J finding it impossible to unite the Slave States on the Tariff 
question, and his Nullification scheme failing Calhoun then bent 
his energies to the work of consolidating the South on the Slavery 
question. That in future, was to be the alpha and omega of the 
demands of the slave oligarchy, in order to enable them to rule 
the country. At any time threatened with the loss of power, 
rebellion was to be inaugurated. 

One of the favorite ideas for enlarging the area of slave territory, 
and increasing the strength of the South in the United States 
Senate, was the annexation of Texas, out of which it was contem- 
plated to carve five new slave States. Texas came in, in the mean- 
time, as a single State, which it still remains. By its admission, 
however, two additional votes were secured in the Senate, besides 
the repeal by the casting vote of George M. Dallas, the Vice- 
President, of the Tariff act of 1842. The free trade bill of 1846, 
which was substituted, is known as ^' Walker's Bill." 

Notwithstanding that in 1846, there were fifteen slave States 
against fourteen free States : the extent of territory occupied by 
the former being 851,440 square miles, but of the latter only 
402,693 square miles, or less than one-half! the war with Mexico 
was inaugurated, to extend still further on this continent, the area of 
slave territory. This scheme miscarried, however, in consequence 
of the people of California, the State to be dedicated to Slavery, 
deciding in favor of Freedom. Close upon the footsteps of this 
defeat, followed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise^ the first 
act in the thrilling and bloody drama enacted by the friends of 
Freedom, and the cohorts of slavery, on the soil of Kansas. — 
Freedom, however, triumphed, after one of the most remarkable 
struggles recorded in history, and Kansas now nestles young, but 
free, vigorous, unshackled, among her sisters. 

From that sanguinary contest sprang, like a giant, full armed, 
the Republican party, upon its bright shield emblazoned the'great, 
undying principle of opposition to the extension of slavery into 
the territories of the United States. The principles of the party 

1* 



X. Introduction. 

were embodied in the Chicago Platform, and Abraham Lincoln, 
now President of the United States, was selected as the standard- 
bearer of those principles. He triumphed at the November elec- 
tion of 1860, mainly in consequence of the split in the Democratic 
party, growing out of the sam« subject as embodied in the respect- 
ive platforms of the two wings according to their peculiar views. 

As a matter of history we here insert the planks in the Chicago 
Platform, bearing upon the Slavery question : 

4. That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and 
especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic 
institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to 
that balance of powers on which the perfection and endurance of our 
political fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion by armed 
force of the soil of any State or Territory, no matter under what pretext, 
as among the gravest of crimes. "" -;^ ^ •)!• -s- * * 

7. That the new dogma, that the Constitution, of its own force, carries 
Slavery into any or all of the Territories of the United States, is a dan- 
gerous political heresy, at variance with the explicit provisions of that 
instrument itself, with contemporaneous exposition, and with legisla- 
tive and judicial precedent ; is revolutionai-y in its tendency, and sub- 
versive of the peace and harmony of the country. 

8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the United States 
is that of freedom ; That as our llepublican fathers, when they had 
abolished Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that " no per- 
son should be deprived of life,, liberty, or property, without due process 
of law," it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever such legislation 
is necessary, to maintain this provision of the Constitution against all 
attempts to violate it ; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a terri- 
torial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to Slavery 
in any Territory of the United States. 

9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African slave-trade, 
under the cover of our national flag, aided by perversions of judicial 
power, as a crime against humanity and a burning shame to our country 
and age ; and we call upon Congress to take prompt and efficient mea- 
sures for the total and final suppression of that execrable traffic. 

The Presidential election took place on the 6th of November, 
1860, and resulting in the election of Lincoln and Hamlin, the 
candidates of the Eepublican party, for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent, South Carolina, acting by a Convention chosen for the pur- 
pose, assembled on the 17th of December, and on the 20th, passed 
unanimously, what was styled ^^an ordinance to dissolve the Union 
between the State of South Carolina and other States united with 
her, under the compact entitled the Constitution of the United 
States of America." 

January 9, 1861, the Mississippi State Convention passed the 
ordinance of secession, fifteen delegates voting nay. 



Introduction. xi. 

January 12, Florida and Alabama adopted ordinances of seces- 
sion ; Florida passed her ordinance by a vote of 62 to 7, and 
Alabama by yeas^ 61 ; nays, 39. 

January 19, the State Convention of Greorgia adopted the seces- 
sion ordinance by a vote of 208 against 89. 

January 26, the Louisiana State Convention passed the ordi- 
nance of secession by a vote of 113 to 17. 

February 1, the Texas State Convention passed an ordinance of 
secession, to be voted on by the people on the 23d of February, 
and if adopted, to take effect March 2. 

February 8, the Montgomery Congress elected Jefferson Davis 
President, and Alexander H. Stephens Vice-President of the 
Southern Confederacy. 

March 4, Abraham Linooln was inaugurated at Washington, 
sixteenth President of the United States. 

March 4, Texas declared out of the Union. 

April 12, At 4.30 A. M., fire was opened by the secessionists 
upon Fort Sumter, and continued until 12.55 P. M., of the 13th, 
when the flag of Fort Sumter was drawn down, and the Fort was 
surrendered soon after upon honorable terms. No men were re- 
ported on either side killed or wounded. 

April 15, The President of the United States called by procla- 
mation, for 75,000 volunteers to suppress insurrectionary combina- 
tions. In the same proclamation, an extra session of both Houses 
of Congress was called for the 4th of July. 

B^ the President of the United Slates. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas, The laws of the United States have been for some time past, 
and are now opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed in the States 
of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, 
and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the 
ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the 
marshals by laws : 

Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, 
in virtue of the power in me vested by the Constitution and the laws, 
have thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, the militia of the 
several States of the Union, to the aggregate number of seventy-live 
thousand, in order to suppress the said combinations, and to cause the 
laws to be duly executed. The details for this object will be immediately 
communicated to the State authorities through the War Department, 



xii. Introduction. 

I appeal to all loyal citizcus to favor, facilitate, and aid this effort to 
maintain the honor, the integrity, and the existence of our National 
Union, and the perpetuity of the popular Government, and to redress the 
wrongs already long enough endured. 

I deem it proper to say that the first service assigned to the forces 
hereby called forth will probably be to re-possess the forts, places, and 
property, which have been seized from the Union, and, in every event, 
the utmost care will be observed consistently with the objects aforesaid, 
to avoid any devastation, any destruction of or inference with property, 
or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any part of the country. 

And I do hereby command the persons composing the combinations 
aforesaid to disperse and retire peaceably to^their respective abodes, 
within twenty days from tins date. 

Deeming that the present condition of public affairs presents an ex- 
traordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested 
by the Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress, The Senators 
and Representatives are therefore, summoned to assemble at their respec- 
tive chambers at 12 o'clock noon on Thursday, the 4th of July next, then 
and there to consider and determine such measures as in their wisdom, 
the public safety and interest may seem to demand. 

In witness wherepf, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal 
of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the city of Washington, this 15th day of April, in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the independ- 
ence of the United States the eighty-fifth. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 

By the President. 

William H. Seward, 

Secretary of Stale. 

April 16, The Ringguld Flying Artillery, of Heading Pa., Capt. 
McKnight, 180 men, received a requisition from the Governor 
this morning, to set out this evening, at 6 o'clock, for Harrisburg, 
the place of rendezvous for the first Pennsylvanians in the field. 

April 18, Arrival at Washington of the Washington Artillery 
and National Light Infantry of Pottsville ; the Ringgold Light 
Artillery of Heading; the iVllen Infantry of Allentown ; and the 
Logan Guards of Lewistown, 

April 25, Gov. Letcher, of Virginia, issued a proclamation 
announcing that the State had been transferred to the Southern 
Confederacy. The people subsequently confirmed this action, at 
the polls. 

May 6, Secession act passed by Arkansas. 

May 20, Act of secession passed by North Carolina. 

June 24, Proclamation of the Governor of Tennessee that the 
State had dissolved all political oonnection with the United States 
Government. 



THE THREE MONTHS' CAMPAIGN. 



We come now to tlie main purpose of this work, to record what 
Schuylkill County has done to aid the Government in the suppres- 
sion of the Rebellion. 

The first shot at Sumter roused our people as one man, and 
when the President's Proclamation appeared, the armories of our 
volunteer companies were thronged with men to enroll their names, 
to fight for the Union. 

On Monday, April 15, at noon, the Proclamation of the Presi- 
dent was received in Pottsville, when Capt. E. McDonald of the 
National Light Infantry, and Capt. Jas. Wren, of the Washington 
Artillery Company, telegraphed to Gov. Curtin, at Harrisburg, 
offering the services of their companies. They were accepted and 
ordered to start without arms or equipments, on Wednesday, 17th. 
The excitement was so great that when they left Pottsville for 
Harrisburg, the Artillerists numbered in its ranks, 131 men, and 
the Infantry, 113 — both containing as fine material as ever entered 
the service. 

The Miners' Journal of April 20, contained the following 
notice of the departure of these troops : 

DEPARTURE OF VOLUNTEERS. 

The Washington Artillerists and National Light Infanty left on Wed- 
nesday last for Harrisburg, in obedience to the call of the President. 
During the whole day the greatest excitement prevailed among our 
citizens, and the scene at the armories of the respective companies was 
quite lively and spirited. New recruits Avere rolling in at every moment, 
and the lists were soon swelled to above the requisite number. The 
Artillerists numbered one hundred and thirty rank and file, and the 
Infantry somewhat above a hundred men — many who wished to volunteer 
their services, were prevented from doing so on account of the short notice 
at which the companies were ordered otF. 

The day was very cold, raAV, and disagreeable ; but notwithstanding 
this, the people flocked in by thousands from all parts of the County, 
and it seemed as if its whole population had been poured forth to witness 
the departure of our gallant volunteers, who with a noble spirit of self- 
sacrifice, have exchanged the comforts of home, for the fatigue and labor 
of a soldier's life. 

About half past twelve o'clock the concourse of people that had 
assembled about the armories of the two companies, was so great, that 



14 The Three Months' Campaign. 

it was with difficulty that a place was cleared for them in the street. — 
Every body was pressing forward, and all striving to speak a parting 
word and take a final leave of their friends, with whom they were com- 
pelled to separate. 

As the companies proceeded down Centre street, to the depot of the 
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, they were greeted with cheers from 
the thousands who lined each side of the street, and a perfect ocean of 
handkerchiefs waved by the ladies, who had taken possession of all the 
windows, and every available situation along the street. All the stores 
were closed and business entirely suspended. At the depot the crowd 
was immense, and it was almost impossible to force your way through 
it. The tops of the passenger and freight cars, the roofs of the depot 
and neighboring houses, were black with spectators. Never had so great 
a concourse assembled on any one occasion before in Pottsville. 

The Pottsville Cornet Band, which had escorted the companies to the 
depot, immeiiately before tlie starting of the cars played "Hail Colum- 
bia and " Yankee Doodle." As the train slowly left the depot, cheer 
upon cheer went up from the assembled thousands. The men were in 
good spirits, but there were some, who though possessed of manly hearts, 
who could bravo toil and danger without complaint or fear, who could 
endure suft'cring with stoical indifference, but who could not prevent the 
tear from starting to the eye, when called upon to bid farewell to all 
their friends. 

The Washington Artillerists and the National Light Infantry, will con- 
stitute one of the finest bodies of men from Pennsylvania. They are 
mostly composed of fine, abled-bodied young men in the vigor of health. 
They leave us with the best wishes of one and all who remain behind, 
and a heart-felt prayer will bo tendered for their safety while absent. 

These companies reached Ilarrisburg on Wednesday night, and 
were ordered to hold themselves in readiness to go to Washington 
early next morning. The next morning they were drawn up in 
lino near the depot of the Northern Central Railroad, and sworn 
into the service of the United States by Capt. Simmons. 

The muster rolls of the Companies as they reached Harrisburg, 
were as follows : 



WASHINGTON ARTILLERISTS. 

Caplain— JAMES WREN. 
First Lieutenant — David A. Smith. 
SecoJid Lieutenant — Feancis B. Wallace. 
Seco7id- Second Lieutenant — PuiLir Nagle. 
Orderly Sergeant — Henry C. Russel. 
Second " Joseph A. Gilmour. 

Third "■ Cyrus Sheetz. 

■Fourth " Wm. J. McQuade. 

Quarter-Master Sergeant — G. H. Gressano. 
First Corporal — D. J. Ridgway. 
Second " Samuel R. Russel. 

Third " Charles Hinklb. 

Fourth " Reuben Snydee. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



15 



Washington Artillerists — Continued. 



PRIVATES 



George H. Hill, 
Francis P. Dewees, 
Wm. R. Potts, 
Thomas Johnson, 
Nelson T. Major, 
I. E. Severn, 
Thomas Jones, 
Thomas Severn, Fifer, 
George Meyers, 
J. C. Weaver, 
John Engle, 
Chas. P. Potts, 
Chas. Loeser, Jr., 
H. K. Downing, 
Wm. H. Harden, 
J. B. Brant, 
Chas. SlingluflF, 
Theodore F. Patterson, 
Chas. Evans, 
Chas. Hause, 
Francis Hause, 

D. B. Brown, 
John Christian, 
A. G. Whitfield, 
W. Bates, 

Oliver C. Bosbyshell, 

R. F. Potter, 

A. H. Titus, 

Jos. Reed, 

Joel H. Betz, 

John Curry, 

Robert Smith, 

Aug. Reese, 

Hugh Stephenson, 

H. H. Hill, 

Eli Williams, 

Benjamin Christian, 

Thomas Petherick, Jr., 

Louis T. Snyder, 

E. J. Shippen, 
R. M. Hodgson, 
Wm. W. Clemens, 
C. C. Pollock, 
Wm. Auman, 
Wm. E. Riley, 
Edward T. Leib, 
Daniel Merer, 
W. Brown, 
Edward Nagle, 
Godfrey Leonard, 
Charles F. Garrett, 
G. W. Bratton, 



Charles A. Glenn, 

W^m. Spence, 

Patrick Hanley, 

Wm. J. Feger, 

Wm. Lesher, 

D. C. Potts, 

Alba C. Thompson. 

Daniel Christian, 

Reuben Snyder, 

Samuel Beard, 

Thomas Irwin, 

Henry Dentzer, 

Philip Dentzer, 

H. Bobbs, 

John Pass, 

Heber S. Thompson, 

B. F. Jones, 

John J. Hetheringtou, 

Peter Fisher, 

Wm. Dagan. 

A. F. Bowen, Drummer, 

J. R, Hetheringtou, 

Nelson Drake, 

Benjamin Heflfner, 

Francis A. Seltzer, 

Charles A. Hesser, 

Samuel Shoener, 

Charles Maurer, 

James S. Sillyman, 

Henry Brobst, 

Peter Grow, 

Alfred Huntzinger, 

W. Alspach, 

John HofFa, 

J. F. Barth, 

Wm. Cole, 

David Williams, 

George Rice, 

Joseph Kear. 

Charles E. Beck, 

F. B. Hammer, 

P. H. Frailey, 

Thomas Corby, 

Charles Vanhorn, 

John Noble, 

Joseph Fyant, 

Alex. S. Bowen, 

John Jones, 

Frank Stitzer, 

Wm. A. Maize, 

Wm. Agan, 

George H. Hartmaa, 



16 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Washington Artillerists — Continued. 

John Nagle, Richard Bartolett, 

Wm. Heffner, Lewis Douglass, 

Vict. Wernert, Richard Rice, 

Val. Stichter, Fred. Christ, 

Francis B. Bannan, Frank P. Myer, 

Wra. Bartholomew, Bernard Riley. 
Geo. Steahlen, 

RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 4 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 9 

Musicians, 2 

Privates, __-_--- 116 

Total, 131 



NATIONAL LIGHT INFANTRY. 



Captain— F.. McDONALD. 
First Lieutenant — James Russell. 
Second Lieutenant — Henry L. Cake. 
Third Lieutenant — Lewis J. Martin. 
Quarter-Master Sergeant — D. Downey. 



PRIVATES 



J. Addison McCool, 
Lamar S. Hay, 
George G. Boyer, 
John Simpson, 
Thomas G. Houck, 
Edward Thomas, 
Elias B. Trifoos, 
John Stodd, 
Lawrence Manayan, 

B. F. Bartlett, 
Wm. Madara, 
Emanuel Saylor, 
Wm. T. Garrett, 
John P. Womelsdorff, 
Charles Russell, 

J. J. Dampman, 
Ernst Saubrey, 

C. F. Hoffman, 
Jacob Bast, 
Daniel Eberle, 
Wm. H. Hodgson, 
Ernst T. Ellrich, 
Amos Forseman, 
C. F. Umberhauer, 



James Carroll, 
John Benedict, 
Edmund Foley, 
Thomas Kelly, 
John Eppinger, 
John Rouch, 
David Howard, 
Jeremiah Deitrich, 
William Weller, 
William A. Christian, 
Mark Walker, 
Pvalph Corby, 
Henry Mehr, 
F. Goodyear, 
William Carl, 
Anthony Lippman, 
John P. Deiner, 
William A. Beidleman, 
Charles J. Shoemaker, 
James Donigan, 
Edward Moran, 
Herman Hauser, 
Louis Weber, 
Thomas H. Parker, 



The Three Months' Campaign. 
National Light Infantry — Continued. 



17 



Abm. Mclntyre, 
Wm. R. Roberts 
Jonas W. Rich, 
Charles Weber, 
Terence Smith, 
F. A. Schoener, 
William Pugh, 
Frank Hanley, 
James Smith, 
George W. Mennig, 
James INIarshall, 
Ira Troy, 
Uriah Good, 
William Irving, 
Patrick Curtin, 
John Burns, 
Edward McCabe, 
F. W. Conrad, 
John Donigan, 
John Mullens, 
John Lamons, 
William McDonald, 
George W. Garber, 
F. W. Simpson, 
Alexander Smith, 
David Dilly, 
George Sbartle, 
A. D. Allen, 
W. F, Huntzinger, 
Geo, A. Lerch, 



John Howell, 
Henry Y eger, 
Wm, Davenport, 
James Landerfield, 
James R. Smith, 
Michael Foren, 
Alexander Smith, 
W. M, Lashorn, 
Levi Gloss, 
Samuel Heilner, 
Enoch Lambert, 
Frank Wenrich, 
Joseph Johnston, 
Henry C, Nies, 
Jacob Shoey, 
John Hartman, 
William Buckley, 
Henry Quin, 
Thomas G. Buckley, 
William Becker, 
J, P, McGinnes, 
Chas, J. Redcay, Jr. 
William Britton, 
Thomas Smith, 
J. M. Hughes, 
Thomas Martin, 
Henry Garing, 
Dallas Dampman, 
John Bodafield, 
M, Edacar Richards. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



Total, 



1 

108 

113 



These companies with the Ringgold Light Artillery of Reading, 
Logan Guards of Lewistown^ Allen Infantry of Allentown^ and 
some forty-five regular troops, passed through Baltimore at noon 
of Thursday, the 18th, unarmed, and exposed to the insults of a 
secession mob. No riot, however, took place, and these troops 
reached Washington at 8 o'clock that evening, and bivouacked at 
the Capitol — the first volunteers from the Free States, to enter 
the Capital at the call of the President. Schuylkill, with three 
sister counties of Pennsylvania, wears the distinguished honor of 
being first in the field, for the defence of Washington. 

2 



18 The Three Months' Campaign. 

These companies subsequently formed part of the 25th Regi- 
ment, commanded by Col. Henry L. Cake; Lieut. -Colonel 
Selheimer ; Major James H. Campbell, and Adjutant M. E. 
Richards. 

These companies were afterwards divided, a portion being on 
detached service at Fort Washington, on the Potomac, the com- 
missioned and non-commissioned officers being as follows : 

NATIONAL LIGHT INFANTRY. 

Company D, 2bth RegimeniT 

Captain— E. McDONALD. 
First Lieutenant — Jabies Russell. 
Second Lieutenant — Lewis J. Martih, 
First Sergeant — La Mar Hay. 
Second " Abr'm McIntyre, 

Third " Wm. Huntzinger, 

Fourth " Geo. G. Boyer. 

Fifth " Daniel Downey, 

First Corporal — E. A. Soubray. 
Second " Edward Moran. 

Third "■ Charles Russell. 

Fourth " Frederick W. Conard. 



WASHINGTON ARTILLERISTS. 

Company II, 2hth Regiment. 

Captain—DANID A. SMITH 
First Lieutenant — Francis B. Wallace, 
Second Lieutenant — Philip Nagle. 
Third Lieutenant — Henry C. Russel. 
First Sergeant — Samuel R. Russel. 
Second " D. J. Ridgway. 

Third " Val. Stichter 

Fourth " Godfrey Leonard. 

First Corporal — Joseph Kear 
Second " Reuben Snyder. 

Third "■ Isaac E. Severn. 

Fourth " Charles Hinkle. 



HASKIN GUARDS. 

Company B, 25th Regiment. 

Captain— J AMES WREN. 

First Lieutenant — Joseph A. Gilmour. 

Second Lieutenant — Cyrus Shebtz. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



19 



Haskin Guards — Continued. 



Brevet Second Lieut. — Wm. J. McQuade. 

First Sergeant — Geo. H. Gressang. 

Second " Thomas Johnson. 

Third *' Wm. Heffner. 

Fourth " John Engle, 

First Corporal — Henry K. Downing. 

Second " Francis Hause. 

Third " John Noble. 

Fourth <' AVm. Feger. 

Acting Quarter- Master — Peter H. Feailet. 



The next companies that left Scnuylkill County, were the Ring- 
gold Rifles, of Minersville, Minersville Artillery, Scott Artillery, 
of Schuylkill Haven, and Port Clinton Artillery. These com- 
panies left on Saturday, April 20. 

The muster rolls of these companies^ as they left^ are as follows : 



RINGGOLD RIFLES, 

OF MINERSVILLE. 

Company I, 5th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— GEO. J. LAWRENCE. 

First Lieutenant. — Chas. N. Brumm. 

Second Lieutenant — Samuel Richards. 

First Sergeant — Thos. D. Griffiths. 

Second " Fred. Gunther. 

Third " John J. Williams. 

Fourth " Thos. Robertson. 

First Corporal — Wm. H. Jones. 

Second " Geo. Parey. 

Third " Joseph Forney. 

Fourth " John Evans. 

Musicians — Niel S. Maclay, R. K. Lbvan. "" 



PRIVATES ; 



George Allen, 
Samuel Allen, 
David Auld, 
William Ball, 
Joseph Beadle, 
Henry C. Benseman, 
Winfield Benseman, 
David Bowen, 
Jacob Burkert, 
Isaac P. Chalfant, 
Daniel Chester, 
Daniel Christian, 



Lewis Lee, 
James Levens, 
David Levy. 
John Lovet, 
James Manning, 
William Maggison, 
Amor Markert, 
Wm. D. H. Mason, 
Joseph Morgans, 
George l^cNeil, 
Henry Owens, 
John Parry, 



20 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



KiNQGOLD KiFLES — Continued. 

Charles Cholar, 
John Crawford, 
Lewis Dennis, 
Reuben Dewalt, 
William Dier, 
Peter D. Eby, 
Albert C. Forney, 
Richard Forney, 
John Geiger, 
John Goodfellow, 
Benjamin Haines, 
Charles W. Haines, 
William Hesser, 
George B. Hindson, 
William Hopkins, 
Watkin Howells, 
John Jefferson, 
Raymond A. Jenkins, 
David J, Jones, 
Thomas Joy, 
Charles 0. Keller, 
James D. Lawrence, 



William S. Peel, 
William Redner, 
George Reece, 
Henry Reese, 
Stephen Reese, 
Michael Shilthorn, 
John S. Silver, 
Henry Snyder, 
AFoert W. Sterner, 
Joseph Smith, 
William E. Taylor, 
William H. Taylor, 
John W. Thirlwell, 
Theodore P. Trayer, 
Frederick Watkins, 
William Webster, 
Sampson Wigmore, 
Jacob Witman, 
George W. Wythes, 
Joseph H. Wythes, 
Jacob Zimmerman. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 

Non-commissioned OflBicers, - - _ - g 

Musicians, - 2 

Privates, ----__. 53 

Total, ^ 



SCOTT ARTILLERY, 

OF SCHUYLKILL HAVEN. 

t>th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— F. B. MEDLAR. 
First Lieutenant — D. F. Burkert. 
Second Lieutenant — T. K. Mills. 
First Sergeant — U. A. BastJ 
Second " P. F. Quinn. 

Third " C. R. GUERTLER. 

Fourth '< F. D. Koch. 

First Corporal — J. R. Wertz. 
Secojid " Wm. Kendricks. 

Third " J. G. W. BossLEK. 

Fourth '< Joseph Morgan. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



21 



Scott Artillery — Continued. 



Henry Dry, 
George Schreds, 
J. W. Coho, 
J. B. Wright, 
Laft. Becker, 
C. Raudenbush, 
Jacob Christ, 

C. Betzler, 
Joseph Ropp, 
Geo, Miller, 

D. Houghman, 
J. Sheriff, 
»Samuel Martz, 
H. Heffner. 
John Polly, 

J. Huntzinger, 
H. P. Urner, 
R. Auman, 

C. Oaswalt, 
M. Poyer, 

F. Krohberger, 
0. Nuttle, 

D. Matteson, 
W. Conway, 
A. Kissinger, 
P. Sheck, 
William Kluck, 
J. River, 

J. L. Minnig, 
F. Wise, 
Samuel Gray, 

F. Scheck, 

G. W, Mercer, 



PRIVATES: 



J. F. Saylor, 
William Mowry, 
William Hain, 
J. Wenting, 
H. Hehn, 
H. Knorr, 

D. Renard, 
Benjamin Emerick, 
J. B. Martz, 

M, Johnson, 
J. Swivel, 
J. Freshly, 

E. W. Minnig, 
William Shadle, 
George Reed, 
Jacob Hehn, 

S. Arnprister, 
J. L. Weber, 
W. H Mennig, 
Noah Cross, 
C. Knorr, 
J. McLaird, 
Daniel Haffa, 
E Blanch, 
E. Coller, 
William Hiney, 
J. Strausser, 
J. Bower, 
J Dampman. 
P. L. Logan, 
C. Bickley, 
V. Burns. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



Total, 



8 
65 

76 



MINERSVILLE ARTILLERISTS. 

K>th Regiment rennsylvania Volunteers". 

Capfai7i—WM. HOWER. 
First Lieutenant — G. W. Brumm. 
Second Lieutenant — Daniel Freilek. 
First Sergeant — Frank C. Bender. 

2* 



22 



The Three Months' Campaign, 



MiNERSViLLE ARTILLERISTS — Continued. 

Second Sergeant — Daniel P. McElrot. 
Third " CoNDY Fury. 

Fourth " Philip Wernert. 

First Corporal — Wm. Wensel. 
Second " Jacob Pauley. 
Third <' John Carr. 

Fourth " Michael Foley. 

PRIVATES : - 



John Foley, 
Michael Devlin, 
John Cari'oll, 
Fred. Kline, 
Jacob Geir, 
Ed. A. Reed, 
Patrick McGlinn, 
George Ridley, 
Henry Smith, 
Thomas Nixon, 
Charles Gerhard, 
Charles Weitzennigger, 
Wm. Kennedy, 
Michael Moran, 
John L. Brennan, 
Adam Godshall, 
Thomas Brennan, 
Mathias Laubach, 
Joseph Smith, 
Patrick McGovern, 
John Donehue, 
James O'Donald, 
Thomas Levens, 
James McManemen, 
Elisha Andrews, 
Charles F. Falls, 
Robt. A. Maingay, 
Thos. J. Weaver, 
Patrick McDonoch, 
John H. Burger, 
Thomas Murphey, 
Wm. Murphey. 
Wm. Diehl, 



Philip Gullung, 
John Pteed, 
Fred. Sieber, 
Philip Mohan, 
John McGee, 
James Porter, 
Daniel Martin, 
Michael Bamrick, 
Henry Leitenberger, 
Michael Condron, 
John Gehrer, 
Patrick McGuire, 
Patrick McGee, 
John Duff, 
Jacob Haase, 
Edward Furguson, 
Thomas Williams, 
Thomas Reese, 
Zebastian Grover, 
Thos. S. Brown, 
Joseph Tonkinson, 
Daniel Hummel. 
William Holze, 
William S. Welsh, 
Morgan Pugh, 
John Bissicomer, 
Adam Ehni, 
William Levant, 
William Welsh, 
Samuel Achebach, 
James H. Levan, 
George Reamer. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



3 

8 
67 



Total, 



78 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



23 



PORT CLINTON ARTILLERY, 

6th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. James Nagle. 

Captain— J). B. KAUFMAN. 

First Lieutenant — Geo. F. Shillinger, 

Secofid Lieutenatit — 0. Hatch. 

Orderly Sergeant — E. W. S. Kiemtzel. 

Quartermaster — Wm. H. Harrison. 

Fijer — James Sterner. 

Drummer — Frank Lintz. 

PRIVATES : 

Elijah Miller, Joseph Bridegam, 

Arthur P. Hatch, Henry Hyneman, 

Oliver McLane, John Kling, 

John Taylor, Samuel S. Moyer, 

J. M, McCallister, Nathaniel Cunfear, 

James M. Elliott, Michael Keller, 

D. McCallister, Aaron Boyer, 

John A. Elliott, Thomas P. Smith, 

Benjamin G. Otto, John A. Moyer, 

John Shenk, Thomas W. Combs, 

John Murry, Franklin Fabean, 

Nelson Simons, Henry Wyneman, Jr., 

George Hendricks, Daniel Fox, 

Frank Wentzel, M. R. Thompson, 

Peter Bridegam, Justice Caret, 

Benj. Roberson, John Seaman, 

Joseph Long, Isaac Miles, 

Franklin Simons,. Chas. Beauverly, 

Lewis Long, A. Weathern, 

James Gribben, F. Boch, 

Samuel Wallace, Harman Leager, 

Wm. Huntzberger, John H. Dillinger, 

Obadiah Stahlnecker,. T. P. S. Roby, 

J. Richards, Wm. S. Lessig, 

John H. Stager, Theodore Dearing, 

Henry Snyder, Henry J. O'Connel, 

W. S. Heartline, Henry Mackeson, 

John Little, Augustus Shearer, 

Richard Lenhard, Wm. Markle, 

Frank Nolen, John McGrath, 

John Walters, Moses Nolen, 

William Clark, John H. Moyer, 

Joseph Mauer, George Linsy. 
Wm. J. Elliott, 

RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 2 

Musicians, -- 2 

Privates, 67 

Total, 74 



24 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The next companies left Schuylkill County on\Sunday; April 
21 . They were, Ashland Rifle Company, Capt. Israel Seitzing- 
ER ; Marion Rifles, Port Carbon, Capt. J. K. Siegfried ; Colum- 
bian Infantry, Glen Carbon, Capt. J. Brennan ; Llewellyn Rifles, 
Capt. H. Chance ; Wetherill Rifle Company, St. Clair, Capt. Ed- 
ward Farne; Washington Light Infantry, Pinegrove, Capt. 
Mathews, and Lafayette Rifles, St. Clair, Capt. Jennings. 

The muster rolls of these companies as they left, are as follows : 

MARION RIFLES, 

OF PORT CARBON. 

6/^ Regiment Pennsylvania VolunteerSi 

Captain— J. K. SIEGFRIED. 
First Lieutenant — M. D. Weand. 
Second Lieutenant — Geo. W. Snyder. 
Orderly Sergeant — Philip Cares. 
Second " John Gillespie. 

Third " James Teasdale. 

Fourth " Thomas Hilton. 

Quartermaster Sergeant — Jacob Buchman. 
First Corporal — Geo. W. Holder. 
Second " Chas. Hilbert. 
Third "■ James Gillespie. 
Fourth " James Kane. 
Fifer — Stephen Jones. 
Drummer — Henry Swartz. 

PRIVATES : 

Samuel Aregood Theodore Pletz, 

Alexander Allison, Patrick Pursell, 

Abraham Ahley, Charles Paul, 

James Boyd, F. W. Reed, 

Joseph Beadle, Patrick Sheilds, 

David Bour, J. W. Shappell, 

George Burton, Jos. A. Seligman, 

I. Courtright, Geo. Stout, 

C. L. Chillson, Jas. Stout, 

Wm Garris, William Smith, 

P. Garber, Jno. Stanton, 

R. M, Iluntzinger, John Smith, 

Ashton Hilton, Wm. Stevenson, 

Jas. Henderson, Samuel Seitzinger, 

Henry Hodge, Alexander Smith, 

Henry Ilignor, John Seward, 

Abm. Hummell, A. Shilthouse, 

Wm. Kane, Geo. W. Thomson, 

Robert Kane, Jesse Templin, 

Jno. Kline, J. Umbehower, 

Anthony Kliugols, Thos. Williams, 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



25 



Marion Rifles — Continued. 

Joseph Kepley, 
John W. Laing, 
Wm. Lloyd, 
John Lloyd, 
Wm. Mackey, 
Philip May, 
Saml. McQuade, 
Wm. Martin, 
Jno. P. McCord, 
James B. Oliver, 
David J. Price, 



Perry Watts, 
David Wertle, 
Watkin Waters, 
Wm. Williams, 
Emanuel Bechtel, 
M. Davidheiser, 
John Ferry, 
.John Mullen, 
D. B. Mitchell, 
G. W. Stillwagon, 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, _ - _ 



Total, 



3 

9 

2 

63 

77 



LAFAYETTE RIFLES, 

OF ST. CLAIR. 

Captain— SN^l. H. JENNINGS. 
First Lieutenant — Wm. G. Burwell. 
Second Lieutenant — Jno. Ennis. 
First Sergeant — Chas. BlxVCker. 
Second " Thomas M. Price. 

Third " Wm. G. Gwytiier. 

Fourth " NicnoLA Schjieltzer. 

First Corporal — Michael A. Welsh. 
Second " David Ruse. 

Third " Jambs Blacker. 

Fourth " Edward R. Breckon, 

Fifer — Wm. Birt. 
Drummer — Michael Clark. 



PRIVATES 



Wm. Ansbach, 
Wm. Blacker, 
Wm. Brown, 
Wm. Brennan, 
John Blakely, 
Wm. Childs, 
Thomas Cresswell, 
Benneville Clase, 
James J. Cooper, 



Jeremiah David, 
Theodore Koch, 
John Kelley, 
George Lockett, 
John Mason, 
Edward Mason, 
Patrick Murray, 
John L. Morgan, 
Wm. Price, 



26 



The Theee Months' Campaign. 



Lafayette Rifles — Continued. 

John Crow, 
John Catcher, 
Wm. Davis, 
John Dougherty, 
Jonah Davis, 
John Donley, 
Wm. Dudley, 
John Dolan, 
Jos. Dixon, 
George Evans, 
John f'rancis, 
George Farnie, 
Wm. Gittin, 
Thomas Gwyther, 
llobert Green, 
John Green, 
Wm. Gable, 
Evan Humj)hries, 
George Hancock, 
James Highten, 
Marshall Harrison, 
David Jenkins, 
Isaac B. Jones, 



James Pusey, 
Frank W. Richardson, 
Robert Rogers, 
Reese Reese, 
Jno. Snaden, 
John W. Smith, 
George Smith, 
Wm. M. Steel, 
Edward Sedgwick, 
John Stevens, 
Chas. Taylor, 
John Taylor. 
George Thomas, 
John G. Thomas, 
John Thompson, 
xYdgate Vanhorn, 
John Vincent, 
David D. Walker, 
Thomas Wilson, 
Daniel Walker, 
John Wood, 
George Wonders, 
Adam W. Zimmerman. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 
Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 8 

Musicians, ___----2 

Privates, ------- G4 

Total, 77 



WASHINGTON LIGHT INFANTRY, 

OF PINEGROVE. 

\Qth Regimaii Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— \l. II. BECHTEL. 
First Lieutenant — J. W. Barr. 
Second Lieutenant — P. A. Filbert, 
First Sergeant — E. M. Mathews. 



Second 
Third «« 
Fourth " 
First Corporal- 
Second " 
Third <' 
Fourth " 



Philip Keeley. 
Caleb Wheeler. 
Lewis Lookingbill. 
-Jacob B. Kreider. 

Wm. Bonawitz. 

Jerome Ley. 

Peter Rump. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



27 



Washington Light Infantry — Continued. 



Josepli Allison, 
Bearmount Brook, 
Paul H. Barr, 
Wm. W. Bright, 
Robert Byers, 
George Bretz, 
Daniel Bretz, 
Henry Britigum, 
Wm. Brenner, 
Daniel D. Brown, 
Marcus Dry, 
Frederick Dutter, 
George Fritz, 
Wm. H. Filbert, 
Henry Fry, 
John Fox, 
Henry Feger, 
Wm. Grove, 
Aaron Greenwald, 
George Goodman, 
Edward Heckman, 
Edward Heisler, 
Jacob Huber, Jr., 
John Harvey, 
Adam Hand, 
Joseph Harmon, 
David Harrigon, 
Frederick Hammer, 
Henry G. Krise, 
Benhart Kamget, 
George Kill, 
Samuel Lehman, 
Irvine Looser, 
Wm. Lehman, 



PRIVATES 



Joshua Martz, 
Franklin Muthart, 
Joseph Moorheiser, 
Samuel G. Miller, 
Harrison Manviller, 
Franklin Moore, 
James Manviller, 
George Rothmend, 
Henry Reinoehl, 
David Reader, 
David Spangler, 
Israel Spancake, 
Ephraim Schrope, 
Peter Smeltzer, 
Thomas Schwartz, 
Thomas Seibert, 
Aaron Stees, 
Frederick Schrope, 
Jacob Snyder, 
Amos Stine, 
George Schnept, 
John Scherer, 
Gotlieb Schiveller, 
John Scheeler, 
William Sick, 
William Wetzel, 
Frederick Wegelin, 
Peter Weaver, 
Wm. M. Wolverton, 
Samuel Weiler, 
Henry Yeager, 
Andrew Zimmerman, 
Peter C Zelleff. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



Total, 



3 

8 
67 



ASHLAND RIFLES. 

Con^any E, 6th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. Jas. NagU. 

{7a/)^am— ISRAEL SEITZINGER. 

First Lieutenant — Levi C. Leib. 
Second Lieutenant — John C. Garner. 
Ejisign — John Von Hollen. 



28 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Ashland Rifles — Continued. 



Quarter Master 
First Sergeant-^ 
Second ' ' 
Third '' 
Fourth " 
First Corporal- 
Second " 
Third <' 
Fourth "■ 
Drummer — Jos 



— George Harman, 
R. F. MosoN. 
Peter Houk. 
Franklin Steese. 
Frederick Hopkins. 
-Franklin Garner, 
Andrew Arnold. 
John Slaterback. 
Oscar IlAiiNr 
EPH Keeler. 



Thomas Brennen, 
Henry Barndt, 
Emanuel Bolich, 
Josiah Berger, 
Barnabas Billian, 
John Colohan, 
Daniel Carmitchel, 
Thomas Connor, 
Patrick Colohan, Jr., 
John Cleaver, 
Gabriel Crow, 
William Cooper, 
Henry F. Dengler, 
John O. Davis, 
Isaac F. Davis, 
Howard Edmonds, 
James A. Easton, 
Evan Evans, 
Lawrence Foclit, 
George Fetterman, 
Lafayette Fetterman, 
Jacob Farrel, 
J. J. Fertig, 
James Gillespie, 
W. T. Hartz, 
Charles Henrich, 
W. A. Himelright, 
Franklin Hart/, 
James Hetherington, 
John Heck, 
Richard Jones, 
James Knabb, 
John F. Klock, 



PRIVATES : 



John Langton, 
John Loudon, 
Abraham Levy, 
Joseph Mann, 
Martin V. Murry, 
Nathan J. Moyer, 
Condy Maguire, 
B. F. May, 
Thomas Owens, 
Jacob Oswald, 
Samuel K. Phillippi, 
George Price, 
Thomas Piatt, 
Christian Rherig, 
John Rhorback, 
Ptichard Rahn, 
Erastus Shuman, 
Edward Shutt, 
George N, Simpson, 
Jacob K. Shelley. 
Calvin Shindler, 
Anthony Spoo, 
Thomas Smith, 
Peter Schneider, 
Edward Wentzel, 
Joseph E. Wilson, 
John A. Wilson, 
John Wagner, 
Tobias Witman, 
James Bradbury, 
James Craige, 
James McDade. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, _ - - 



o 

10 

1 

65 



Total, 



79 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



29 



COLUMBIAN INFANTRY, 

OF GLEN CARBON. 

bth Regimejit Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— SAM^^ BRENNAN. 
First Lieutenant — John Keating. 
Second Lieutenant — Michael Curry. 
First Sergeant — Thomas Lawler. 
Second ' " Daniel Lawler. 

Third " Patrick Brennan, 

Fo2irth "■ Michael Daily. 
First Corporal — James Keating. 
Second << George Lawler. 
Third "■ Patrick Wade, 

Fourth *' William Curran, 

PRIVATES : 



John Carroll, 
Nich. Delany, 
Michael Brennan, 
Eli Lee, 
J. Mulaowny, 
Patrick DuUerd, 
Daniel Carter, 
Patrick Tobin, 
Michael Keating, 
Daniel Curry, 
John Whelan, 
Richard Moran, 
James Moran, 
James Borgin, 
James Grant, 
Patrick Brennan, 
William McDonald, 
William Ryan, 
Alexander McMentru, 
James Brennan, 
Matthew Mouly, 
Patrick Brennan, 



William Carty, 
•Tames Boyle, 
Edward Brennan, 
William Dullerd, 
Edward Keating, 
William Cleary, 
John Mulhall, 
Nicholas Purcell, 
Thomas Tobin, 
Laughlin Brennan, 
John Moran, 
Patrick McKerns, 
Patrick Dooling, 
William Simmons, 
Lawrence Tobin, 
William Daily, 
James Tobin, 
William Brennan, 
Michael Foley, 
William Curran, 
Michael Cavenaugh, 
Michael O'Brien. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



Total, 



44 

55 



30 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



LEWELLYN RIFLES, 

Gth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— BIRMsl CHANCE. 

First Lieutenant — Edward J. Robson. 
Seco7id Lieutenant — A. D. Siioffstall. 
First Sergeant — Joseph Dilcamp, 
Second " Thomas Partridge. 
Third " Philip Fitzpajrick. 
Fourth <•'■ William Davis. 
Quarter- Master Sergeant — John D. Burgb 
First Corporal — D. A. Alspach. 
Second " Benjamin Fociit. 

Third " Daniel Troiitman. 

Fourth " Michael Murry. 

Fifer — William Downing. 
Drummer — B. Downing. 

PRIVATES : 



Thomas Anges, 
•John Athey, 
John A. Bush, 
F. H. Barnharty 
.John Burlee, 
William Burk, 
Daniel Bonawitz, 
Michael Brennan, 
Michael Cavenaughy 
W. J. Clauser, 
Simeon Clausei', 
Richard Cole, 
Augustus Delcamp, 
Thomas Dolan, 
George English, 
William English, 
M. Emrigeuldo, 
Joseph Fisher, 
William Green, 
James Green, 
.James Galagher, 
Joseph Gee, 
Joshua Grecnawalt, 
Thomas Grant, 
F. Galagher, 
Edward Griffiths, 
Patrick Grant, 
John J. Hopkins, 
Daniel Hilbert, 
Andrew Haws, 
J. A. Horn, 
Joseph Hendrickson, 
Thos Holigan, 



Francis Jones, 
John Johnston, 
Daniel .Jones, 
William Kerns, 
Charles Kutz, 
Gotleih Kutzer, 
William Lavenberg, 
L. Lavenberg, 
Daniel INIanning, 
Andrew Miller, 
John Moran, 
C. IMcNulty, 
Jacob Minnig, 
Charles Maurer, 
James Mullhall, 
John Maley, 
H. Updegrave, 
Peter Rhoades, 
R. Rodgers, 
H. Runyan, 
John Rooney, 
George Rankkin, 
William Straw, 
Joseph Shoffstall, 
R. S. Thirwell, 
George Wilson, 
•Tames Wilson, 
Samuel Wesner, 
Benjamin Warey, 
Israel Warey, 
George Young, 
Peter Zimmerman, 
John S. Zimmerman. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



31 



Lewellyn Rifles — Continued. 

RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, _ - - 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, _ - - - - 

Privates, - . - - - 



Total, 



3 
9 

2 
66 

80 



WETHERILL RIFLES, 



OF ST. CLAIR. 

Captain— EmN KKD FRANE. 

First Lieutenant — John D. Jones. 

Second Lieutenant — Frederick A. Herwig. 

First Sergeant — Thomas Ray. 

Second " Henry Kroba, Jr. 

Third '^ John March. 

Fourth " John Carl. 

First Corporal — William J. McCarthy. 

Second " Edward A. Smith. 

Third " William G. DeTurk. 

Fourth " Thomas Torbet. 

3Iusicians — John Buttbrwick, John Bummersbach. 



PRIVATES 



James Atkinson, 
James Bummersbach, 
August Beurne, 
Jacob Britt, 
Lloyd T. Brewes, 
William Breman, 
George Beaumant, 
Charles H. Blue, 
John W. Barnes, 
Benjamin Chadwick, 
William H. Cape, 
Joseph W. Dennings, 
.lames Dormer, 
Patrick P. Donovan, 
Lewis Deekes, 
Charles Dress, 
Daniel W, Freeman, 
Frederick Grum, 
George Hetherington, 
John Howels, 
John Humphreys, 
William H. Humes, 
John Harrison, 
Samuel Hawn, 



Peter C. Kreiger, 
Nicholas Kern, 
Charles Kaler, 
Samuel Kendall, 
Thomas Lewis, 
Evan Lewis, 
John Lennen, 
Samuel Mateer, 
Peter Mahley, 
John McGowen, 
James Martin, 
William Murgan, 
Michael McHugh, 
James Moore, 
Jeremiah Mahon, 
F. McLafferty, 
Jacob Neifert, 
Amos L. Neilds, 
Morris O'Neil, 
Jacob Parvin, 
Thomas Paul Palmer, 
James Riley, 
John W. Reese, 
Charles L. Roorbach, 



32 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Wetherill Rifles — Continued, 



Edwin F. Hensel, 
Hatton Hannum, 
William Johnson, 
Joseph Korbey, 
Ralph Korbey, 
Faro W. Krebs, 
James King, 




John Rhobalt, 
John S. Steele, 
Michael Sedgwick, 
John Taggert, 
Henry Huhn, ' 
Nicholas Welsh, 
Augustus Wolf. 




RECAPITULATION. 


Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, _ - - 
Privates, - - - 


3 
8 

„.- - - 2 
... 62 



Total, ----- -^ - 75 

The companies that left the County on Monday, April 22, were 
Tower Guards, Pottsville, Capt. Tower ; Nagle Guards, Capt. D. 
Nagle ; Wynkoop Artillery, Silver Creek, Capt. W. Winlack; 
Keystone Rifles, Fort Carbon, Ca| t. Matthew Byrnes; Wash- 
ington Yeagers, Pottsville, Capt. Hendler ; Scott Rifles, Tamaqua, 
Capt. Lebo; Jackson Guards, Tamaqua, Capt. C. M. Donovan; 
and German Light Infantry, Tamaqua, Capt. Guenther. 

TOWER GUARDS, 

OF POTTSVILLE. 

6^A Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. James NagU. 

Cff^iom— CHARLEMAGNE TOWER. 
First Lieutenant — James Ellis. 
Second Lieutenant — Henry Pleasants. 
First Sergeant — "William J. Hinkle. 
Second " Henry Fisher. 
Third *' Edavard C. Baird. 

Fourth " John J. Huntzingek. 

First Corporal — Samuel M. Ruch. 
Second " David H. Hoefman. 

Third " Daniel H. Leib. 

Fourth " Hugh Mullin. 

Drummer — Abraham Nagle. 
Fifer — Cornelius Trout. 

PRIVATES : 

Acorn Martin, Frank Krebs, 

John Bailey, Samuel B. Laubenstien, 

John H. Batdorf, John Larenberg, 

Charles Berluchy, George Leech, 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



33 



Tower Guards — Continued. 

John Bolich, 
William Bowman, 
Jacob Boyer, 
James B. Brown, 
Joseph Buck, 
Thomas Campbell, 
Charles Christian, 
Mahlon Collet, 
John R. Conyngham, 
Samuel Cowley, 
John Cooper, 
Charles Crosland, 
John Cruikshank, 
Frederick W. Davis, 
Thomas N. Davis, 
Daniel D. Dillman, 
William Douty, 
Richard Edwards, 
Thomas Fitzimmons, 
George W, Foltz, 
Andrew Garber, 
Samuel Heffner, 
Charles Hazzard, 
John Hower, 
James Hood, 
Zachariah Jones, 
J. H. Kaufman, 
Henry Z. Kibler, 
Herman Krauth, 



Frank Leonard, 
Frank Lebengood, 
Luke Lee, 
0. W. Lilley, 
Hugh Lynch, 
John Martz, 
George W. Matz, 
John McElrath, 
John McShier, 
Jacob Mervine, 
George W. Overback, 
Frank J. Parvin, Jr., 
John Paull, 
Robert M. Rinker, 
David Y. Root, 
Thomas J. Rose, 
Gabriel Shollenberger, 
Daniel Siegfried, 
John Snyder, 
Jacob Spotts, 
Elisha Stonef' 
Edgar R. Titus, 
George J. Weaver, 
Andrew Weinman, 
Allen Weir, 
Henry Williamson, 
William Wren, 
Elias Yerger. 



RECAPITULxVTION. 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, - - - 



Total, 



2 
65 

78 



WYNKOOP ARTILLERY, 

OF SILVER CREEK. 

IQth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— 'SNYLLIAM WINLACK. 

First Lieutenant — Patrick McQuade. 
Second Lieutenant — Lawrence Ennis. 
First Sergeant — William Cullen. 
Second " Robert Was sen. 
Third " James Gallery. 

3* 



34 



The Theeb Months' Campaign. 



Wynkoop Artillery — Continued. 

Fourth Sergeant — Wm. Treaner. 
Quarter- Master — Thomas J. O'Brien. 
First Corporal — Stafford Johnson. 
Second " John Carty. 

Third " Charles Murray. 

Fourth " Thomas Feeley. 

Drummer — James McAllister. 
F-tfer — Michael Martin. 

PRIVATES : 



Solomon Berger, 
James Brenin, 
Stephen Croney, 
William Corby, 
Samuel Clemens, 
Francis Cramer, 
Thomas Corcoran, 
Robert Dawson, 
Charles Dumb, 
Patrick Delaney, 
Evan Davis, 
Francis Dooling, 
Patrick Donivan, 
John Elliot, 
Dennis Fuller, 
William Fitzpatrick, 
Michael Foley, 
John Heggins, 
Patrick Heggins, 
Jacob Hill, 
Albana Harp, 
John S. Haas, 
James Irving, 
Daniel Jones, 
Martin King, 
David McAllister, 
Thomas Miller, 
William Miller, 
Charles Morrison, 
Samuel Miller, 
James McKinney, 



James Meeghar, 
Peter McGonagle, 
John McGraw, 
Michael O'Brien, 
Jonah Piatt, 
George Rogers, 
Andrew Rogers, 
John Sneddin, 
James Shields, 
James Soesby, 
William Snyder, 
John Scott, 
John Slowy, 
Andrew Sponsler, 
Benjamin Smith, 
Thomas Tosh, 
John Thompson, 
John Thomas, 
John T. Williams, 
John S. Wingerd, 
Richard S. Walters, 
Henry C. Young, 
John Garrison, 
John Geary, 
Samuel Fairchild, 
John Rosser, 
Thomas Moon, 
William Frederick, 
William Taylor, 
Jacob Hew, 
William Morris. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 
Non-commissioned Officers, - - - . 9 

Musicians, -.----_2 
Privates, 62 

Total, ,--..-.. 76 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



35 



SCOTT RIFLES, 

OF TAMAQUA. 

Captai7i— WILLIAM B. LEBO. 

First Lieutenant — S. B. Lutz. 
Second Lieutenaiit — William DePue. 



PRIVATES 



Edward Davis, 
David Davis, 
Samuel B. GraefF, 
John M. Reinhart, 
William King, 
George E, Huglies, 
William J. Williams, 
0. G. Treichler, 
Jeremiah Trout, 
John Greathead, 
Richard Kitchen, 
William Lane, 
George W. Henrie, 
Theodore Casey, 
George W. March, 
William T. Thomas, 
James Scheifly, 
George Kistler, 
Isaac Chester, 
John Minnier, 
Nicholas Lusch, 
Charles Freidenberger, 
William Miller, 
Martin Barr, 
George Vardy, 
Philip Heilman, 
Ephriam Moser, 
John Dunn, 
James Barton, 
Jonas Hine, 
Thomas J. Richards, 
David Reese, 
William Delamore, 
John H. Southam, 
Thomas March, 
Daniel B. Brause, 



Henry H. Snyder, 
John Fairchilds. 
David II. Burkey, 
David Nahf, 
Elias Fatzinger, 
John Richardson, 
William Shoemaker, 
John Kershner, 
Jeremiah Delay, 
Albert Moyer, 
Peter Shlasser, 
Edward Jones, 
David E. Davis, 
Thomas W. Griffith, 
James M. Moyer, 
William Allen, 
Abraham Markle, 
Charles C. Hensberger, 
B. Williams, 
B. A. Houser, 
Samuel T. Kehl, 
William R. Moyer, 
Samuel Brobst. 
John Landie, 
Elias Macord, 
J. Smessersmith, 

E. B. Thomas, 
Joseph Mummy, 
William Schwartz, 
Robert Casey, 
Patrick McManamon, 

F. Klechner, 
William Higgins, 
Jacob Campbell, 
William Horn, 
Daniel Trout, 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Privates, 



3 

72 



Total, 



36 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



JACKSON GUARDS, 

OF TAMAQUA. 

Company D, IQth Regiment FennsT/lvania- Volunteers. 

CajHain—Q. M. DONOVAN. 
First Lieutenant — Condy Boyle. 
Second Lieutenant — Patrick McGuigan. 
First Sergeant — Patrick Parrell. 
Second " Charles Harkins. 

Third *' Edward M. Nelis, 

Fourth " Owen Boyce. 

First Corporal — James O'Donnell. 
Second " Joseph Early. 

Third " Patrick McKeloy. 

Fourth *' Stephen McShaeffry. 

Drummer — John Higgins. 
Fifer — Richard Dunn. 



PRIVATES; 



Hugh Boyle, 
Pati'ick Boner, 
John Broderick, 
Robert Boyle, 
Patrick Conahan, 
Condy Cannon, 
.John Campbell, 
James Conner, 
Francis Cannon, 
Patrick Costin, 
Michael Cavanaugh, 
John Chapman, 
Thomas Clark, 
Thomas Delaney, 
.James Deacon, 
James Fitzgerald, 
Condy Fisher, 
William Foster, 
Patrick Fitzsimmon, 
Pati'ick Gorrick, 
Condy Gallagher, 
Anthony Gallagher, 
Patrick Hagerty, 
Matthew Long, 
Charles Millet, 
James Mulhasen, 
Thomas Mulhasen, 
Daniel Mundy, 
Edward Morrissey, 
Patrick Melly, 



Michael Mulloy, 
Stephen Mulloy, 
Isaac Mason, 
John Mooney, 
Michael Martin, 
Patrick Mulhart, 
Francis Moore, 
Charles McCahill, 
Alexander McManus, 
William McShaeflfry, 
John McGuire, 
John McHugh, 
Henry McNalley, 
Edward McDevitt, 
James McGonly, 
Peter McGovern, 
Patrick McGee, 
Patrick Powers, 
Martin Ryan, 
Michael Reardon, 
P. C. IL Rooney, 
Patrick Shovelin, 
Michael Stapleton, 
Richard Tobin, 
F. A. Whitaker, 
Patrick Winkle, 
Samuel Walley, 
Michael Kearney, 
Adolphus Zearklebach. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 

Privates, _ - - 



3 

8 

2 

59 



Total, 



72 



The Three Months* Campaign. 



3T 



GERMAN LIGHT INFANTRY, 

OF TAMAQUA. 

IQth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers'. 

Captain— Vm.\AP GUENTHER. 
First Lieutenant — Henry Eigenbrod, 
Second Lieutenant — John Goepfert. 
First Sergeant — John Horn. 
Second " Andrew Hartwig. 

Third " William Sandrock. 

Fourth " John Hoffman. 

First Corporal — Christopher Erbe. 
Second " Frederick Eigenbrod. 

Third " Frederick Kroll. 

Music — William Maettern. 

PRIVATES : 

John George Albricht, Conrad Kuch, 

William Aedling, John Kuieriem, 

Christopher Boetler, Christopher Keitel, 

Larenz Berlet, John Linburg, 

Theodore Burri, George Moeller, 

John Foolher, Balthasser Rabe, 

Christopher Gross, Jacob Kimback, 

Adam Hartwig, Jacob Seepp, 

Valentine Hess, Christopher Schade, 

George Hess, Peter Schlosser, 

Justus Haethe, Adam Storck, 

Jacob Horman, Phillip Wallauer, 

Aaron Heiman, Christoph Hartman, 

Conrad Herwig, Augustus Rediger. 
Herman Keilman, 

RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned OfiScers, 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 7 

Musicians, ._.----l 
Privates, 29 

Total, 40 



NAGLE GUARDS, 

OF POTTSVILLE. 

Qth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Cap^am— DANIEL NAGLE. 

First Lieutenant — David P. Brown. 

Second Lieutenant — William W. Potts. 



38 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Naqle Guards — Continued. 



First Sergeant- 
Second " 
Third <' 
Fourth " 
First Corporal- 
Second " 
Third " 
Fourth '' 



-F. A. BoxAwiTz.. 
G. W. Garret. 
Jacob Douty. 
Nicholas Wtnkoop.* 
-J. F. Brannan. 
James Sand. 
Nathaniel M. Stout. 
David Hodge. 



PRIVATES 



George Aurand, 
George Ayrgood, 
William liambrick, 
AVilliam Barrier, 
David Baker, 
George Boyer, 
John Bowler, 
David Biggs, 
William H. H. BroAvn, 
James Bambrick, 
Jacob F. Beliler, 
Alpheus Cheany, 
Matthew Clarkon, 
Peter Carrel, 
James Cochran, 
Wallace Cake, 
Thomas Cliadwick, 
J. E. Dreiblebies, 
George W. Ebert, 
Samuel Fisher, 
William Griffith, 
Henry Heiser, 
William Houck, 
James R. Helms, 
Adam Hendley, 
Israel Hendley, 
John HinckclitF, 
Archibald Hodge, 
Silas C. Hough, 
Thornton Hanley, 
John Johnston, 
William Johnston, 
Samuel Kramer, 



Wesley Knittle, 
Jacob Kline, 
George Knowles, 
William Lawrence, 
Charles Lucas, 
Edward Morris, 
Thomas Martin, 
Charles Matthew, 
Anthony Norgan, 
Charles Norgan, 
Thomas D. Price, 
Charles F. Rahn, 
Thomas Reid, 
Thomas Ryan, 
E. F. Sh appall, 
Michael Sands, 
David Sands, 
George Snyder, 
Leonard F. Shishorn, 
Frank Seitzinger, 
Henry Seitzinger, 
William F. Small, 
David Schrack, 
Jacob Shade, 
Jacob Semore, 
William Trimmins, 
Henry Wilson, 
Patrick Whalan, 
John Ward, 
William Wernick, 
J. H. B. Warfield, 
Israel Vancannan, . 
James Winters. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - - 



3 

8 

66 



Total, 



77 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



39 



WASHINGTON YEAGERS, 

OF POTTSVILLE. 

Company F, Gth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Captain— R. J. HENDLER. 

First Lieutenant. — Theodore Miller. 
Second Lieutenant — Nicolaus Michel. 
First Sergeant — John Liebner, 
Second " Christian Schlitzer. 

Third " George Broschart. 

Fourth " William Landefield. 

First Corporal — Bernard Becker. 
Second " Michael Friederich. 

Third " John Landefield. 

Fourth " Philip Lambruschini. 

Drummer — Andrew J. Snyder. 



PRIVATES 



Julius Bathe, 
Joseph Braem, 
Peter Broschart, 
George Barnes, 
Richard Brennan, 
Reuben Burch, 
William Callighan, 
Thomas Drobil, 
Joseph Dockweiler, 
Charles Eberle, 
Joseph Eick, 
Ignaz Foss, 
George Grass, 
Larenz Gutmann, 
Charles Gluntz, 
Charles Gessler, 
Eberhard Gessler, 
Adam Heim, 
Joseph Hohmann, 
Casper Henry, 
August Hammer. 
George Hummel, 
Henry Jaeger, 
Valentine Kimmel, 
Charles F. Kuentzler, 
John Klein, 
John Kleindinst, 
William Koehler, 
Henry Lang, 
Charles H. Lukowitz, 
William Montgomery, 



Charles J. Murphy, 
Adam Mayer, 
Michael Messev, 
Gottlieb Nathalz, 
Henry Osswald, 
Christain Prong, 
Laughlin C. Quigley, 
Preston Rassiter, 
Jacob Riegel, 
Charles Reinhardt, 
Peter Rebhahn, 
Francis Renner, 
Jacob Saj'lor, 
Lewis Seltzer, 
Conrad Stoifregen. 
Henry Staehle, 
William Seyfert, 
Joseph Sturm, 
John Schneider, 
Ernst Schwanner, 
George Schwartz, 
Martin Seip, 
Jacob Scheibelhut, 
Francis A. Voelkert, 
Anthony Wageck, 
Frederick Weitzel. 
Gottlieb Wisehuk, 
Peter Wollium, 
George Wandress, 
Charles Zapf, 
Frederick Zeppeniield. 



RECAPITULATION. 
Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned OfUcers, 
Musicians, . - _ _ 

Privates, . - _ _ . 



8 

1 

62 



Total, 



74 



40 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



KEYSTONE RIFLES, 

OF PORT CARBON. 

6</i Regiment Pennsjflvania Volunteers. 

CVjt)/fl?n— MATTHEW BYRNES. 

First Lieutenant — Wm. Cusack. 

Second Lieutenant — Thos. Brennan. 

First Sergeant — John Mullen. 

Second " John Moore. 

Third " Michael Dougherty. 

Fourth " Barnard Duffy. 

First Corporal — John Leamy. 

Second " AVm. Gaynor. 

Third "■ James Burke, 

Fourth " James Slattery, 

Musicians — Thomas Fegan, Edward Cunningham. 

PRIVATES : 



James Allison, 
James Agnew, 
Henry Bouseraan, 
Martin Baker, 
John Brennan, 
Francis Byrnes, 
Michael Brennan, 
Ethcn Crandall, 
Patrick Cawley, 
Ptichard Condon, 
James Creamer, 
James Casserley, 
Edward Coyle, 
Michael Cannon, 
Patrick Curran, 
Edward Coonan, 
Thomas Carlin, 
Francis Carr, 
James Dailey, 
Peter Dogget, 
John Dorrigan, 
"William Flannery, 
jNIartin Foyle, 
John Fitzsimmins, 
William Fitzgerald, 
Patrick Gavin, 
James Gollaher, 
Patrick Gleason, 
Edward Hoary, 
Brian Hailey, 
Daniel Harrison, 
John Hailey, 



Samuel Haj^es, 
William Jefferson, 
Andrew Keaveny, 
Daniel Kent, 
Patrick Kelly, 
William Keaten, 
George Little, 
William McDonnell, 
Edward McVay, 
Michael McGlaughlin, 
Jam.es ]\IcLanghlin, 
Jeremiah Manauge, 
Daniel McCabe, 
John Martin, 
Daniel Mooney, 
Edward Mullen, 
James O'Brian, 
W^illiam O'Brian, 
George Prichard, 
James Parks, 
Hugh Rudy, 
Thomas Rowe, 
James Ryan, 
John Ryan, Sr., 
John Ryan, Jr., 
James Sullivan, 
Michael Sullivan, 
Patrick Shannon, 
Patrick Smith, 
William AVhite, 
Patrick W'alker. 



RECAPITULATION. 
Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, _ _ - - . 

Privates, _ _ - - - 



2 
63 



Total, 



76 



The Three Months' Campaign. 41 

On Wednesday, April 24, the Union Guards, of Pottsville, 
Capt. Anthony, and Sclmylkill Guards, of Minersville, Capt. 
Bennett, took their departure. These companies, with the Jack- 
son Guards, Wynkoop Artillery, and German Light Infantry, 
formed part of the 16th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, the 
field officers of which were : 

Colonel — T. A, Ziegle. 

Lieut.- Colonel — George J. Higgins. 

Major — Feank T. Bennett. 

Annexed are the muster rolls of the Union Guards and Schuyl- 
kill Guards : 

UNION GUARDS, 

OF POTTSVILLE. 

%th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

C'ajofam— JOSEPH ANTHONY. 
First Lieutenant — John P. Powers. 
Second Lieutenant — John Dougherty. 
First Sergeant — Thomas Quirk. 
Second " John Shortall. 
Third " James Fogertt. 

Fourth " John M. McBarron. 

First Corporal — John Ryan. 
Second " Thomas Dooley. 

Third ♦' Patrick Curry. 

Fourth " Dennis Carrol. 

Drummer — Thomas Smith. 
Fifer — Wm. Perry. 

PRIVATES : 

James Brady, Michael Hillan, 

Michael Boland, Martin Hamburry, 

Arthur Branagan, James Kerns, 

William Brennan, Thomas Kennedy, 

Edward Britt, Michael Kelly, 

Michael Bohanau, Michael Lanigan, ^ 

Francis Conery, John Lynaugh, 

William Cowey, Frank McCann, 

Thomas Cowey, Edward Moore, 

Daniel Cole, William McGuire, 

Patrick Cook, John McGowan, 

Thomas Cullen, John Murray, 

William Clancy, Daniel McCoy, 

Robert Calhoun, Bernard Blunkirt, 

Hugh Drummond, John Quinn, 

Jeremiah Drenan, Philip Reiley, 

Peter Devine, John Ragan, 

Thomas Dougherty, Patrick Savage, 



42 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Union Guards — Continued. 

Patrick Darahan, James Sexton, 

Daniel Doogan, Edward Shield, 

Robert Devine, Timothy Sullivan, 

Francis Davis, Thomas Scott, 

James Davis, Peter Stanton, 

Joseph Dolan, Robert Troy, 

Thomas Egan, Thomas Tracy, 

Thomas Farrell, James Tye, 

Edward Ford, John Toben, 

Thomas Flinn, Peter White, 

James Goolden, Aaron William, 

John Glerson, Richard AValsh, 

Patrick Gallager, John Walsh, 

Thomas Hussey, Dubois Williams. 

RECAPITULATION. 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 8 

Musicians, -_____. 2 

Privates, ------- 64 

Total, 77 



SCHUYLKILL GUARDS, 

OF MINERSVILLE. 

lQ)th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

6'a^^am— HORACE C. BENNETT. 

First Lieutenant — Andrew Liddle. 

Second Lieutenant — William E. Kline. 

First Sergeant — John Davidson. 

Second " 

Third 

Fourth " 

First Corporal 

Second " 

Third " 

Fourth " 



Drummer — John Jones. 



John McGurl. 
Thomas Simpson. 
Michael Comefokd. 
-Robert Hutchinson. 
George Kantner. 
John Matthews. 
William Foley. 



PRIVATES 



William Bareton, 
John Berger, 
William Brennan, 
Patrick Brennan, 
Joel. Black, 
James Connor, 
William Chalenger, 



James Kerron, 
James Killrain, 
John Murray, 
William Nixon, 
John Nolen, 
Michael Landy, 
David N. Morgan, 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



48 



Schuylkill Guards — Continued. 

William Cooper, 

James Connor, 

James Cantwell, 

Thomas Dunlap, 

John B. Davis, 

Carl Fritchley, 

Nicholas Foust, 

John N. Furguson, 
^ William Fowler, 
' James Forbis, 

Jacob Ford, 

George Faster, 

Andrew Grant, 

John Garret, 

Michael Hughes, 

William Hay, 

John Henry, 

Daniel Hughes, 

Frederick Hinch, 

John Hoar, 

John HefFner, 

James Johnson, 

John H. Johnson, 

John Judge, 

Edward Jones, 



George Morris, 
George Minnes, 
John McDonald, 
James McCulloch, 
Robert Pace, 
Joseph Prosser, 
Thomas Roads, 
William Robertson, 
Frederick Rice, 
Isaac Beed, 
James Schoffield, 
Samuel Snoddy, 
John Sutton, 
Joseph Spencer, 
Samuel Slocum, 
John Stonehouse, 
Thomas Steel, 
D. Shollenberger. 
Charles N. Taylor, 
Thomas M. Thomas, 
Benjamin A. Watres, 
John Worm el, 
James H. Welsh, 
John Williams, 
Joseph Zimmerman. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 

Privates, - - - 



Total, 



1 
64 

76 



RECAPITULATION. 



COMPANIES. 



Washington Artillerists, 
National Light Infantry, 
Ringgold Riiies, 
Scott Artillery, 
Minersville Artillerists, 
Port Clinton Artillery, - 
Marion Rifles, - 

Carried forward, - 



o 


o 






© 


3 
o 


o 
o 

B 

b 


on 

a 

09 






4 


9 


2 


ii6 


131 


4 


1 


— 


108 


113 


3 


8 


2 


68 


81 


o 
O 


8 


— 


65 


76 


3 


8 


_ 


67 


78 


3 


2 


2 


67 


74 


3 


9 


2 


63 


77 



23 45 



554 



630 



44 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



a 



COMPANIES. 




o 

pi 


o 

o 

g 


a 


T 




Brought for-ward, 




23 


b 

45 


*8 


554 


630 


Lafayette Rifles, - 


- 


3 


8 


2 


64 


77 


Washington Light Infant 


^T' - 


3 


8 


- 


67 


78 


Ashland Rifles, 




3 


10 


1 


65 


79 


Columbian Infantry, - 


- 


3 


8 


- 


44 


55 


Llewellyn Rifles, - 


- 


3 


9 


2 


66 


80 


Wetherill Rifles, 


- 


3 


8 


2 


62 


75 


Tower Guards, 


- 


3 


8 


2 


65 


78 


Wynkoop Artillery, - 


- 


3 


9 


2 


62 


76 


Scott Rifles, - - - 


- 


3 


- 


- 


72 


76 


Jackson Guards, 


- 


3 


8 


2 


59 


72 


German Light Infantry, 


- 


3 


7 


1 


29 


40 


Nagle Guards, - 


- 


3 


8 


- 


66 


77 


Washington Yeagers, 


- 


3 


8 


1 


62 


74 


Keystone Rifles, 


- 


3 


8 


2 


63 


76 


Union Guards, 


- 


3 


8 


2 


64 


77 


Schuylkill Guards, - 


- 


o 


8 


1 


64 


76 


23 companies, showing a 


total of, 


71 


168 


28 


1528 


1795 



Here we have in twenty-three companies that left Schuylkill 
County, from the 17th to the 24th of April, 1861, — one week — 
seventeen hundred and ninety-five men; and as Governor Curtin 
refused to receive any more companies from Schuylkill County, 
we believe that a sufficient number of citizens from the County 
enlisted in companies from other sections to make our contribution 
to the three months' service, in round numbers, two thousand 
men. If the other counties in Pennsylvania had sent men in 
the same ratio to their population, about seventy thousand men 
would have been furnished to the Grovernmeiit from this State 
alone; or nearly as many men as the President called for in his 
first requisition. This is a proud record for the County and State. 

Of the four Brigadier Generals which Pennsylvania had in the 
three months' service, Schuylkill County furnished one. General 
George C Wynkoop, who served on the Potomac, in General 
Patterson's Division. She had two Colonels, James Nagle, 
who commanded the Gth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
Henry L. Cake, who commanded the 25th Regiment, Pennsylva- 
nia Volunteers, besides other field and staff officers, from Lieut. - 
Colonels down to the lowest grade. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 45 

Hon. James H. Campbell^ member of Congress from the 
Scliuylkill District, hastened to Washington with the first troops, 
to assist in the defence of the then threatened Capital. Mr. 
Campbell was mustered into the service of the United States, on 
the 19th day of April, A. D., 1861, as a private in the " Wash- 
ington Clay Battalion," formed for the defence of the National 
Capital, Cassius M. Clay, Major commanding, and served in the 
saiiie at the City of Washington, until the 6th day of May, 1861, 
when upon the disbanding of the battalion he was honorably dis- 
charged. 

Mr. Campbell was. May the 1st, 1861, elected Major of the 
25th Kegiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. Henry L. Cake; 
was duly commissioned, and served in that capacity, until the Regi- 
ment was mustered out at the expiration of its term of service. 

Mr. Campbell entered with great zeal and spirit, upon his 
military duties ; and the citizens of his District admired his course 
so much, that they presented to him during his term of service, a 
magnificent sword, which cost fifty dollars. The presentation took 
place on the 22d of June, 1861. The sword bore the following 
inscription : 

TO MAJOR JAMES H. CAMPBELL, 

THE SOLDIER AND STATESMAN ; 

From those who believe his Arm loill prove as effectual in the 
Field as his Eloquence in the Forum. 

Rev. S. F. Colt made the presentation, as follows : 

Major Campbell : — The citizens of Pottsville hasten to meet you, on 
this brief visit from the camp to your home: and I am charged, for them, 
to express their continued confidence in the manly and upright course 
you maintain, as their representative, and as proving yourself by prompt 
devotion and active service in the hour of treachery and rebellion, a 
worthy son of the American Union. 

We live, Sir, in trying times. Action, action, deeds and daring, 
rather than profession, are now required to show where the heart is. 
From a long continued and most blissful repose of peace and prosj)erity 
the nation has been suddenly aroused as by an earthquake, to a tremen- 
dous conflict — a conflict, involving its constitutional integrity, its very 
governmental existence ; a conflict threatening destruction to all the 
protection, privileges and happiness, which the Constitution and Govern- 
ment of the Union give to thirty millions of freemen ; a conflict most 
strange and unnatural, in which, as it appears, the machinations of a 
quarter of a century's concealed treason have filled with fratricidal hate 
men of Southern States, who, in their frenzy, led by covenant-breakers, 

4* 



46 The Three Months' Campaign. 

ruthlessly assail, and madly seek to destroy that Government of the 
■whole Union, which has fostered them, given them whatever of strength 
and greatness they now have, and which Government is even now neces- 
sary to their own existence and prosperity, as a Republican people. 
But, sudden and unnatural as is this conflict, it gives also occasion and 
opportunity to millions of freemen, to prove themselves men, and worthy 
of the boon God has given them in the Constitution of this Republic. A 
grand Union army rallying on the instant, as by one impulse, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, maintaining their sodality as one people — who 
will now dare to ask, are we a nation, or have we a Government ? Nay 
more, this almost^miraculous response to the President's call for men and 
means to support that Government, demonstrates to the world that a 
Republic begets and cultures the purest patriotism. Such a Government 
is worth a million of lives. The Nation cannot be maintained, no, not 
for a day, on the absurd basis of State-right!? sovereignty. Our patriot 
fathers. North and South, fought and freely bled, to win and establish 
liberty and the peaceful pursuit of happiness in a Federal Union for the 
continent. By a wisdom, bordering on inspiration, they sought to make 
it indi'ssoluble, by the cementing bonds of the Constitution, 

Compromise this, their grand work, their glorious legacy and nothing 
on earth will be secure to us or our children. Dark will be the day, 
and pregnant with woes to this land, aye, to the world — and cursed will 
be the dastard race who suffer it — -when this most perfect effort at self- 
government by a free people, shall bo resolved into the anarchical reign 
of fragments. But, blessed be the God of our fathers, he has united our 
people with one mind on this great question. He has given them one 
heart, to do and to dare for it. So united, they must prove invincible ! 

Major Campbell, the citizens of Pottsville are proud of the firm and 
unfaltering course you take, and so eloquently maintain in your place in 
the halls of legislation, on this momentous issue. Be assured, sir, the 
people in their majesty, will stand firm to those who stand firm for the 
Union. 

To me, Sir, it remains to perform a most agreeable duty. In other 
climes, crowned heads have been accustomed to signalize and reward 
worthy men by touching their shoulder with the sword, and dubbing 
them Knights ; and this was held as a high honor for many ages. But, 
honored Sir, our republican usages are simpler, and truer to the hearts 
of a free people. The sovereignty of a noble impulse of grateful regard 
for well tested fidelity, seeks, by the presentation of some token, to 
convey to you and yours some humble, yet significant, testimonial of 
public esteem. 

Moved by admiration for the devotion you evinced in so promptly 
taking arms, and sharing with rank and file, the exposures and toil, the 
fatigues and dangers of the citizen soldiers, by night and by day — in 
the streets of Washington, when our National Capital was threatened by 
treachery and by assault — we, your fellow citizens, have procured this 
sword, and beg you to accept, and wear it, as a token of our cordial 
appreciation and hearty acknowledgment of your faith and bravery, 
your constancy and devotion in the hour of our national trial. May it, 
in your hands, my dear Major, prove ever true as your own heart has ; 
and in bearing it for the defense of the God-given IJnion, may you prove 
as efficient in the field, as you have been eloquent in the forum. 

Mr, Campbell in substance said : 

Mr. Colt, Gentlemen of the Committee, and Friends : — I had not 



The Three Months' Campaign. 47 

anticipated that my impromptu visit of a day, would add one more to the 
many gratifying proofs you have ever given, of your confidence and 
kindness. I am deeply moved by this new evidence of your approval, and 
am unprepared to thank you as I ought, I can only say, I accept your 
beautiful gift with gratitude, and dedicate it to the most sacred cause 
that ever called for the unsheathing of steel — the defense of our beloved 
country, and the maintenance of her laws. In that cause, the loyalty of 
the people has moved with power and passion. In that cause, a nation 
has arisen as one man. In that cause, may God permit me to do service, 
with each faculty he has given ! 

In accepting this token of your regard, I must disclaim the merit your 
speaker so kindly attributes to me. I have done no more than the 
simple duty of a citizen ; no more than hundreds from your midst, — 
thousands all over the land have done ; no more than every man before 
me will do if necessary. I, who have known you long and well, know 
your patriotism and loyalty. If I did not, I see it proclaimed on all 
sides by mute but eloquent indications. The good old colors are all 
abroad. 

They decorate your children's garments ; they ornament your houses ; 
they wave, with tender significance from the windows of the brave 
absent ones, and float in glory from every eminence. 

" From mount, and pinnacle, and spire, 
Unnumbered banners lift their bars. 
And waving — wafting — high and higher, — 
Fill all the firmament with stars 1'' 

Lift up the grand old banner — the beautiful symbol of union ; and 
proclaim death to everything that assails or threatens it. The destiny 
of this great, free people can only be perfected in union. The land may 
know convulsions, and tribulation, but not a divided rule. I repeat, 
death to everything that crosses the path of the Union, from whatever 
cause or quarter. If interest interferes with it, let that interest perish. 
If affections are at variance with it, those affections must be in abeyance. 
If friendships conflict with it, they should be renounced. The claim of 
country is paramount to every claim or tie. When the sons of Brutus 
plotted treason, their father condemned them to the traitor's death; and 
gave the world an illustration of the unselfishness of the patriot's nature. 
The children of his hearth — the strong yearnings of his heart, were 
sacrificed to the public good. Modern patriotism is not less exalted 
than the ancient virtue ; and the events of past weeks have enriched the 
annals of history with sublime evidences of devotion to country. I use 
the phrase in its broadest significance. Our country is vast, but patriot- 
ism is the most liberal, comprehensive, and exalted of virtues. It is not 
a narrow, and vulgar provincialism, compounded of local passions and 
prejudices ; clamorous for imaginary and fantastic rights of sections to 
be based upon the ruins of the whole. Wide as Heaven, it can compass 
all the land ! 

In the great conflict of the time, we are not battling for a State, but 
for the United States ; not for the North, but for all ! For the perpetuity 
of the government of Washington, over the whole land ; and for that 
great future of peace, prosperity, and progress, which can only be en- 
joyed under the union of the States. If to that future, the hope of the 
present must be sacrificed — so let it be. The present is but for a time; 
the future is for all times. Let this generation sow the seed from 
which a thousand generations shall gather precious fruits. 



48 The Three Months' Campaign. 

People of Pottsville, you have done bravely in this noble cause. Your 
County has over two thousand men in the field. More, I will venture 
to sa}'-, in proportion to her population, than any county in the Union. 
Nearly a thousand more have tendered their services and await the 
acceptance of the Governor. Your companies were the first to respond 
to the President's proclamation ; the iirst to face the angry mob of 
Baltimore; the first to march down the broad avenue of the Capital; the 
first to garrison your public buildings and barricade them for defence. 
When the brave men of Massachusetts arrived from the fray of Balti- 
more, your men were there to welcome them ; and wlien railroads and 
telegraphs were destroyed and bridges burned ; when the Government 
was hemmed in by its foes, and all communication with its friends cut 
off, they, together, for nine long days and nights, held your Capital and 
archives. They could not learn how you were moving to their reinforce- 
ment, and conflicting rumors filled the air. They were told that the 
New York Seventh had been cut to pieces in Baltimore ; that their dead 
bodies were lieaped upon the sidewalks ; that your Gen. Wynkoop was 
fighting his way through Maryland ; that the soldiers of the North could 
not or dared not come to the rescue. But with patient faith and calm 
courage — day by day and night by night — they watched and waited, 
and kept rebellion at bay, until at last the New York Seventh and 
Massachusetts Regiments arrived, and the Capital was saved. From 
that day to this, regiment after regiment has poured down the avenue, 
until all count is lost ; and the tents of a grand army whiten all the 
heights of the South land ! More beautiful than the daisies, they unfold 
among the Spring verdure of the fields ! God be praised for this 
wondrous blossoming ! God be implored for the inestimable fruits 
thereof ! 

As I see before me the fathers, and brothers, and wives of my com- 
rades, I would say to them collectively what I would say to each indi- 
vidually ; your soldiers have done good service everywhere and are still 
in the advance. Under Wren and Smith they garrisoned Fort AYashing- 
ton when secession swept to its ramparts — felling the forest, mounting 
the guns, manning the battery, they showed themselves ready to labor 
or to fight in the cause. Under Cake and McDonald they guard the 
Arsenal with its 70,000 stand of arms. Under Tower they held the 
road for their brethren in arms, guarded the pass through the enemy's 
country and joined the force of Nagle in its march upon Harper's Ferry. 
With Christ and Spencer, they encamp upon the outposts beyond 
Alexandria with their faces Southward. They are still in the advance I 
Better men, braver officers, never marched to meet the foe. Be proud 
of them, for they do you honor ! May they return to you crowned with 
victory. 

During the delivery of Major Campbell's response, there was 
tremendous cheering, particularly when he proclaimed '■'■ Death to 
all Traitors." The above is only a portion of his speech. He re- 
pudiated all compromise with traitors with arms in their hands, 
and pronounced all compromisers as nothing but traitors in dis- 
guise. He was in favor of giving the pirates of Jeff. Davis, 
when caught, ten minutes to say their prayers, and then hang them 
up at the yard-arm. ('^Plenty of time. Major Campbell,'' replied 



The Three Months' Campaign. 49 

B. Haywood, Esq., who was standing close by.) That he was in 
favor of voting for a half a million of men, and hundreds of 
millions of dollars, to crush out this wicked rebellion as speedily as 
possible, and forever. All these sentiments called forth the most 
tremendous applause. 

Major Campbell was called back suddenly, to Washington, to 
join his Regiment, a portion of which was ordered up from Wash- 
ington, to the Division of Gen. Patterson. When the extra 
session of Congress met on the 4th of July, 1861, Major Camp- 
bell took his seat. In the course of the session, in justice to 
Pennsylvania, that placed the first volunteer troops in Washington 
for its defence, and to Schuylkill County that furnished two hun- 
dred and thirty-six of the men composing them, Mr. Campbell 
offered a resolution, recording the fact, which was adopted. The 
following is a copy of the vote of thanks, signed by the Speaker of 
the House, and attested by the Clerk : 

XXXVII Congress of the United States, 
AT THE First Session, 
In the House of Representatives, July 22d, 1861, 

On motion of Mr. James H. Campbell, Pa. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this House are due, and are hereby 
tendered to the five hundred and thirty soldiers from Pennsylvania who 
passed through the mob of Baltimore, and reached Washington on the 
eightee7Uh day of April last, for the defence of the National Capital. 

galusha a. grow. 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
Attest, Em. Etheridge, 

Clerk. 

On the 27th of May, 1861, a beautiful stand of colors was pre- 
sented to the 25th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, by Col. 
Joseph W. Cake, of Pottsville. The presentation took place in 
the square east of. the Capitol in Washington City, in the presence 
of the Secretary of War, and other distinguished gentlemen. Col. 
John W. Forney, presented the colors to the Regiment on behalf 
of the absent donor, and Major Campbell received them. We 
append Major Campbell's speech : 

Col. John W. Forney: — In behalf of the officers and men composing 
the 25th Regiment of Pennsylvania, I tender to you and through you to 
the worthy and patriotic citizen of Pennsylvania, Col. Joseph W. Cake, 
who has presented the Ptegiment with this beautiful national emblem, 
their thanks. Sir, we heartily respond to the patriotic and noble senti- 



50 The Three Months' Campaign. 



ments which have escaped from your lips. We see in this glorious 
banner of our country an emblem of civil and religious liberty. On 
every fold, in every star, we read the history of the past. We remember 
the dangers, the trials, and the struggles of the Revolution. It brings 
back to memory the terrible massacre of Paoli, the blood-stained snows 
at Valley Forge, the tight at Trenton, the surrender at Yorktown, and the 
long and bloody conflict at Saratoga. We remember tliat those patriotic 
men who resolved to die, or be free, adopted this as the emblem of their 
faith and their nationality. In many a terrible conflict, through weary 
years, they rallied round it, fighting to uphold it, and dying it with their 
hearts' best blood. [Cheers.] This national emblem was not established 
in a day. We have heard much, but we really know nothing of the 
sacrifices and sufferings of those gallant men in their effort to attain 
civil and religious liberty. Sir, the poorest man in our regiment would 
consider himself forever disgraced if he uttered but the smallest com- 
plaint of any want, or any denial he has suffered in a cause so sacred as 
this. He has held before him the example of our fathers, their struggles 
and their trials, and remembering their history, he will bear on, fight 
on, dare on, until that banner flies in triumph from the Rio Grande to 
the waters of the Kennebec. [Cheers.] Sir, it is the emblem of relig- 
ion, it is the God-protected and God-sustained banner of the universe ; 
it is the only emblem of free institutions, of man's capacity for self-gov- 
ernment, on the face of God's universe. When it dies, liberty dies ; 
while it lives, liberty lives. In my humble judgment, while the grass 
grows, and the white clouds float in God's azure as they float now, that 
flag will wave without a star dimmed or a stripe erased. [Cheers.] 
They talk of that other banner, that miserable reptile flag, with some 
seven stars. We want all the stars and all the stripes, and we loill have 
every star and every stripe upon its folds and every acre of ground with- 
in our glorious limits. [Great applause.] 

Treason must die. There is no spot of earth within our limits over 
which that banner has floated or will float on which treason can live. 
["True," and cheers.] Die it must. It must die before our victorious 
columns. It must die a natural death and it must die a social death. It 
must die everywhere. It must find no foothold on this new world in the 
cottages of the humble or in the mansions of the great. I am opposed 
to open rebellion. I am opposed to secret rebellion. [Cheers.] If our 
laws — and I say it as an American citizen, and a friend of law and 
order — if our laws punished not treason directly, and sufficiently, I would 
make other laws. [Loud cheers.] Sir, if there is no other remedy, 
we will meet it with the bayonet, everywhere. ["That's it," and great 
applause.] In this great national struggle there must be no haclcicard move- 
ment. Men laud those who have been placed at the head of our national 
affairs, and justly so, because they have been found sufficient to the 
emergency. While they go on in well doing we will rally around them, 
but if they fail to advance, public opinion will consign them to the back- 
ground, and other men will lead the column. We must move on! [Ap- 
plause.] There must be no backward movement. If we have not men 
enough in the field, let us have two hundred thousand more. Let us at 
once push on our victorious forces. Let the music of the battle drum be 
heard in one continuous roll from the Atlantic to the Pacific ; let our 
tents whiten the land ; let our soldiers everywhere be on the march, and 
our navies cover the sea. 

The freemen of the country have taken the contract to put down the 
revolt, and they want to do it — they mean to do it. [Wild applause.] I 



The Three Months' Campaign. 51 



only represent these gallant men, when I say, sir, that their motto is, 
death to everything that crosses the path of the Union. [Cheers.] It is not 
for me to refer to the fact that these young men from the mountains of 
our old State — your State and mine, God bless her! — bared their breasts, 
unarmed to the mob of Baltimore. Where a Washington monument 
towered to the Heavens, they feared no violence ; they thought to meet 
no enemy. Carrying this glorious emblem, they thought they were 
among friends ; and though they found foes, they came here, as you 
have so eloquenty described, unarmed, and, if I may use the expression, 
"fluttering their rags with an air of majesty." [Laughter.] You have 
referred to the fact that there was a want of care of these young men in 
some quarter. I grant it. They have not been so equipped, nor liave they 
had their wants supplied, as citizens of our State deserved. It is not 
for me to say where the fault lies, but these men know that even the 
commissariat blankets, such as were furnished to them, (and I can im- 
agine none worse, ) may be w^orn like the purple of an emperor ! [Laugh- 
ter and applause.] 

It has been said, and it may have had its effect upon the public — I 
know not and I care not — that probably England may, to advance a 
supposed manufacturing interest, take part in this great struggle, in be- 
half of the rebels of the South ; but, sir, I have no fear that England 
will become so lost to all sense of honor, and diametrically opposed to 
all her past history, I fear it not. The supposition does her injustice. 
But if England — and while I am in this mood, under this flag, and upon 
this American green, I will say, that if any alliances can be made by 
these traitors with any of the European nations, let us know it now, 
while we are in the humor. Let us go into the fight like the Sioux 
Indians, who never count their foes. [Immense applause.] 

I fear I am making too long a speech for a man who wears a uniform, 
but let me make one further remark. There are men throughout the 
South who sympathise with our Union cause. There are true men as 
ever lived in these so-called Confederate States. They cry to us for help 
and succor. Weighed down by an armed despotism, with the yoke of 
an unscrupulous enemy around their necks, without the means to strike 
a blow for liberty, they call upon the Government for arms and for means 
to aid them in their struggle against this despotism. What would you 
think of a Government that would refuse to aid and protect them? Shall 
we not extend a helping hand to the gallant men of Kentucky, Western 
Virginia, Eastern Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia ? It is our duty to 
afford them all the assistance in our power. If we fail to carry this 
emblem into their midst, to send our eagles there, and give them all the 
aid that men, arms, money, and ships can give, this great Government 
is faithless to its trust. We are bound to protect them. Thousands and 
hundreds of thousands of them give allegiance to this Government, and 
when they demand protection we must protect them. If the Government 
failed to give that protection, it would fail of its high object and be con- 
signed to perdition. 

Mr. Speaker. [Laughter.] Col. Fokney, I am done. You and I 
sometimes suppose we are in the hall of the House in our immediate 
neighborhood, and you, I know, will pardon a slip of the tongue such as 
has just fallen from me. 

I cannot close without congratulating these officers and men upon the 
fact that this flag was presented to us to-day by as noble, as patriotic, 
and as generous a citizen as our mountain land ever produced — Col. J. 
W. Forney. [Great enthusiasm.] 



62 The Three Months' Campaign. 

PATRIOTIC CONTRIBUTIONS, MEETINGS, 
INCIDENTS, ETC. 

Having summed up the number of men from Schuylkill County, 
who sprang to arms at the first call of the constituted authorities, 
it now becomes our pleasing task to record what the people of the 
County who remained at home, did to sustain the Government, and 
encourage the soldiers in the field to du their duty. This page of 
the record is quite as bright and honorable as any we are called 
upon to notice. 

The Messrs. Atkins, of the Pioneer Furnace, concluded to pay 
to the families of their hands who volunteered, two dollars each per 
week, during their absence. 

During April, 1861, meetings were held in all the important 
towns of the County, at which patriotic resolutions and measures 
to support the families of volunteers, were adopted. 

In Pottsville on Tuesday, April 23, an interesting ceremony 
took place at the column and statue erected to the memory of 
Henry Clay, which stands on the slope of the hill east of the resi- 
dence of John Bannan, Esq. The iron column was decorated 
with the Stars and Stripes. The daughters of Mr. Bannan 
furnished the flag, and an Alexander S. Faust was found, who 
supported by his men, was willing to mount the column, some eighty 
feet in height. Amidst the shouts and cheers of the multitude, 
assembled upon a few minutes notice, the flag of our beloved country 
was placed by him in the iron hands of the statue, and it floated 
gracefully in the breeze, held by the statue as a solemn rebuke to 
those who would tarnish its lustre. 

The following were the proceedings on the occasion : 
On motion of John T. Werner, Esq., the following officers 
were appointed : 

President, John Bannan, Esq.; Vice-Presidents, Col. J. P. 
HoBART and Jacob Kline, Esq.; Secretaries, James W. Bowen 
and Bernard Esienhuth. 

After some patriotic remarks from the President, the following 



The Three Months' Campaign. 53 

resolutions were offered by B. Bannan, which were adopted by 
acclamation : 

Resolved, That here at the base of the statue of that patriot whose 
whole life was devoted to the preservation of the Union, and the support 
of the flag of this country, the immortal Henry Cla.y, we renew our 
vows of fidelity to the constituted authorities of our country, and to the 
maintenance of this rightous cause we pledge our lives, our fortunes, 
and our sacred honors. 

Resolved, That while we have earnestly desired to live on terms of 
peace an.i amity with all of our fellow-countrymen, every principle of 
self-preservation demands that we should crush out rebellion and trea- 
son, and uphold the Constitution and laws of our country. 

The Kev. F. W. Conrad, a native of Schuylkill County, but 
a resident of Ohio, then addressed the meeting in a few thrilling 
remarks, in honor of the patriotism of the illustrious dead, the 
glory of our flag, and the patriotism of the people of Schuylkill 
County, in sending thousands to the field of battle, in maiutenanco 
of the Constitution and the Union. 

After which the assemblage dispersed with three rousing cheers 
for the glorious Star Spangled Banner, and the maintenance of the 
Constitution and the Union forever. 

It might be stated here as a gratifying fact that no County in 
the North exhibited more flags after the Rebellion commenced, 
than Schuylkill. School houses, churches, machine shops, found- 
ries, private residences, all were decorated by their patriotic owners 
and occupants. Flags met the eye everywhere — even a tall pine 
tree on the summit of the " Second Mountain," below Pottsvillc, 
bore its National streamer, placed there by a gentleman stopping 
at the Mansion House, who climbed the mountain's rugged side, to 
accomplish his patriotic purpose. 

In Pottsville, on Tuesday evening, April 16th, a meeting of the 
citizens was convened at the Court House. This was on the eve- 
ning before the first volunteers left the County for the Seat of 
War. 

John Bannan, Esq., was called to the chair, and the Hon. 
Strange N. Palmer, Benjamin Haywood, Thos. H. Walker. 
Charles Dougherty, Myer Strouse, and James Sillyman, 
Esqrs., were chosen Vice-Presidents. Howell Fisher, and Geo. 
H. Clay, Esqrs., Secretaries. 

The President opened the meeting with a stirring appeal, and 

5 



54 The Three Months' Campaign. 

was followed by the Hon. James H. Campbell, who eloquently 
stated the objects of the meeting. They were to take into con- 
sideration the state of the country, and make the necessary arrange- 
ments to provide for the families of soldiers then leaving us. On 
his motion, a committee of five was appointed, with Andrew 
RussEL, Esq., as Chairman, to take charge of the fund to be 
raised. On motion of John M. Crosland, Esq., the name was 
changed from Committee to that of Trustees. The chair appointed 
the following persons as Trustees : — Andrew Russel, Chairman, 
Thomas II. Walker, S. N. Palmer, Levi Huber, and Ben- 
jamin Haywood. 

Thomas H. Walker was then called upon to address the meet- 
ing, and report progress of subscription. In a few earnest remarks 
he set forth the duty and necessity of united action, and closed by 
announcing a subscription at that time of ^3,700. Further sub- 
scriptions were called for, and during the meeting were swelled to 
S5,200. 

On motion of John M. Crosland, a ( joromittee of Correspond- 
ence was appointed to keep up communication witli the absent 
soldiers, and to attend to any matters of business they may require. 

E. 0. Parry, Esq., urged the necessity of a response to the 
President's Proclamation, and offered the following resolution : 

Resolved^ That the citizens of Schuylkill County, in reply to the 
Proclamation of the President, adopt as the expression of their senti- 
ments, the address now being signed in the city of Philadelphia, in the 
following words : — " The unparalleled event of the past week has revealed 
to the citizens of the United States, beyond question or possibility of 
doubt, that a peaceful reconciliation under the form of our Constitution, 
is repelled and scorned, and that secession means, in the hearts of its 
supporters, both treason and war, against our country and nation. We, 
therefore, the undersigned, loyal citizens of the United States and in- 
habitants of Schuylkill County, responding to the proclamation of the 
President of the United States, hereby declare our unalterable determina- 
tion to sustain the government in its eiforts to maintain the honor, the 
integrity, and the existence of our National Union and the perpetuity 
of the popular government, and to redress the wrongs already long 
enough endured. No differences of political opinion, no name or badge 
of diversity upon points of party distinction, shall restrain or withhold 
us in the devotion of all we have, or can command, to the vindication of 
the Constitution, the maintenance of the laws, and the defence of the 
Flag of our Country." 

The resolution was adopted, when on motion of Hon. James H. 
Campbell, it was resolved, that instead of circulating the petition 



The Three Months' Campaign. 65 

for signatures and sending it to the President, he be telegraphed 
that the 92,000 people of Schuylkill County, men, women, and 
children, are ready to respond to the Union. 

Mr. Crosland, offered the following which passed by acclama- 
tion : 

Resolved, As a well founded sentiment of the citizens of Pennsylvania, 
that should the requisition of the Government upon the Border States 
for their several quota of troops be not responded to, that Pennsylvania 
will fill up the balance of the 75,000 men required to sustain the laws. 

Adopted. 

Mr. Haywood was then called for and responded in his usual 
happy style. 

Repeated calls were made for Myer Strouse, Esq. He ad- 
dressed the meeting, and his remarks were received with continued 
applause. He was followed by John M. Crosland, Esq., who 
made a few remarks. On motion. 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be telegraphed to the 
Associated Press of Philadelphia. 

The meeting was then closed by prayer from the Rev. Mr. Colt. 

A call was published for a mass meeting at the Court House, 
on Tuesday, April 23d, for the purpose of making arrangements 
to support the families of the soldiers, whilst absent from home 
fighting the battles of their country. The call was signed by the 
prominent and influential citizens of the County. 

On Wednesday, April 17th, a meeting of the citizens of Miners- 
ville and vicinity, was held at the Odd Fellows' Hall. 

Charles W. Taylor, Esq., was called to the Chair. 

Col. John Silver, Michael McGurl, George Spencer, 
John P. Powell, Edward Shissler, Michael Weinrick, 
Michael Weaver and Abraham Hexter were appointed Vice 
Presidents. 

Clement S. Foster and Abram Stager were appointed 
Secretaries. 

Prayer was offered by the Rev. J. F. Meredith. 

On taking the chair the President stated the object of the 
meeting. 

C. S. Foster moved the appointment of a committee of five to 
report resolutions. The chair appointed the following : Clement 



56 The Three Months' Campaign. 

S. Foster, Capt. B. C. Christ, Seth W. Geer^ Esq._, Joseph 
OsLER, and John Quinn. 

Rev. John F. Meredith, Col. Silver, Col. Maingay and 
Charles Brumm addressed the meeting. 

The committee on resolutions reported the following: 

Whereas, A band of conspirators have armed themselves against the 
Government of the United States, and have by force seized large quanti- 
ties of arms and treasures belonging to our Government ; have insulted 
the nation by firing on our flag, when hoisted on board of an unarmed 
vessel, sent by the Government to supply its men and ofiicers with provi- 
sions: and have taken possession of our Forts, Arsenals, &c., have 
banded themselves together for the purpose of destroying the Union of 
these States, and have by great and extraordinary means collected a 
force of seven thousand men at Charleston, with the most approved 
weapons of the day : have bombarded and captured Fort Sumter in 
Charleston harbor, manned by a force of seventy-nine soldiers and thirty 
laborers; have trailed the " Star Spangled Banner " in the dust ; have 
threatened to take possession of the City of Washington; are now in- 
vesting Fort Pickens with a large force. And, 

Whereas, The Government of the United States have patiently borne 
these numerous insults and indignities until "forbearance ceases to be a 
virtue," in the vain hope that these bad, bold leaders of secession, would 
see the inevitable ruin to which they and their misguided followers are 
drifting. Therefore, 

Resolved, That the present position of the President of the United 
States, in calling on the several States for troops, to defend the property 
of the United States, and re-capturing the forts already in possession of 
the conspirators, meets our hearty approval. 

Resolved, That it becomes the duty of the Government to use all means 
at its command to enforce the laws, and sustain the honor of the country, 
by re-taking all public property in the hands of the conspirators, "re- 
pelling force by force." 

Resolved, That we highly approve of the Message of his Excellency, 
the Governor of this Commonwealth, and the subsequent action of the 
Legislature, in voting the appropriation of $500,000 to properly arm 
and equip the volunteer organization of the State. 

Resolved, That we recognize no political party ; that we will by act 
and deed sustain the existing Government in enforcing the laws of our 
country ; that we know of no distinction between those conspirators of 
the South arrayed against the Federal Government and those in the 
North who give them aid and comfort. 

Resolved, That we will furnish our full quota of men and means, when 
called for by the Government, and that those of us who remain at home, 
pledge ourselves to furnish to the families of those who go to fight our 
battles, the necessary means for their support, so far as it lays in our 
power. 

Resolved, That the President and Vice-President be empowered to 
appoint a committee of six ladies and six gentleman, Avhose duty it shall 
be to procure a list of the names of those who volunteer their services 
in the Borough of Minersville or its vicinity, in the service of their coun- 
try ; and whose further duty it shall be to visit their families, and in 
every particular to carry out the spirit and meaning of the foregoing 
resolutions. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 57 



• 



On motion, the resolutions offered by the committee^ were adopted 
by a unanimous vote, amid tremendous cheering. 

Capt. B. C. Christ then addressed the meeting in a patriotic 
speech. 

On motion of William Spencer, the President and Vice- 
Presidents were authorized to appoint seven trustees to take 
charge of the general fund. 

On motion, a subscription list was opened, and twenty-five 
hundred dollars were subscribed for the families of our volunteers. 

John VYitzeman, Joseph Hartman, Edward Shissler, 
Seth W. Geer, Franklin Lawrence, John Breslin, and 
John Sterner were appointed trustees. 

Mrs. J. B. Strenbeck, Mrs. Joseph F. Taylor, Miss Eliza 
Christ, Mrs. John Tucker, Mrs. Lewis Pfeisticker, Mrs. 
Geo. Lawrence, Rev. E. Auld, Rev. J. F. Meredith, Rev. 
M. MalonE; Rev. John Roberts, Rev. Wm. Wright and Rev. 
D. Sanner, were appointed visiting committee. 

The meeting closed with prayer by Rev. J. Roberts. 

The spirit of patriotism that pervaded the County in those April 
days, when the Government was in imminent danger at the hands 
of traitors, is illustrated in the fact that an entire brigade of troops 
was offered, and that gray-haired men, and lads scarcely seventeen 
years of age, wished to be enrolled as volunteers, and were much 
depressed when refused. Another gratifying exhibition of the 
hour, was the spectacle of men of all parties. Democrats, Republi- 
cans, etc., vieing with each other in proclaiming their determina- 
tion to stand by the Government in its hour of trialj in sustaining 
the Constitution, the Union and the laws. 

On Wednesday evening, April 17, a meeting of the citizens of 
Schuylkill Haven was held at the public house of R. Schuck & 
Son. 

Gideon Bast was called to the chair; John D. Deibert, 
Henry Saylor, Henry Voute, Henry G. Robinson, and Wm. 
Kreamer, were Vice-Presidents, and Dr. D. W. Bland Secre- 
tary. Patriotic speeches were made, and the wildest enthusiasm 
prevailed. 

A committee of finance, consisting of the following gentlemen, 

5* 



58 The Three Months' Campaign. 

was appointed: — Henry Hesser, Henry Voute, John Deibert, 
Henry Saylor, Col. T. C. Zulick, and R. A. Wilder, and W. 
A. Bines of Cressona. 

The business of the committee was to visit the families, and 
in their discretion give such an amount of money as the condition 
of the family merits. The subscriptions were very liberal, and as 
an evidence of the true patriotic spirit which animated our people, 
over eight hundred dollars were subscribed by those present, with 
a promise of renewing the individual amounts if required. 

Dr. J. Gr. Koehler, Dr. P. R. Palm and Dr. D. W. Bland, 
offered their professional services to the families of the volunteers, 
gratuitously. 

The meeting adjourned with nine cheers for the Union, the 
Constitution, and glorious Governor Hicks, of Maryland. 

On Wednesday evening, April 17, a meeting of the citizens of 
Tamaqua was held at the house of Michael Beard, for the pur- 
pose of forming a military company and furnishing material aid to 
support the Government in the crisis, Capt. Peter Aurand was 
nominated President, and Benjamin Heilner, Will Higgins, 
John Nefe, John Hartz, John Waters, and William Brock, 
Sr., Vice-President, and S. Morganroth, Secretary, 

On motion of C. F. Shoener, Michael Beard and B. F. 
Hughes were appointed a committee to take charge of the sub- 
scription list for raising funds. The following resolutions were 
unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, There is armed resistance to the due execution of the laws 
of the United States in seven States of the Union, and a peaceful enjoy- 
ment of the public property prevented, and 

Whereas, A series of events following one after another in rapid 
succession^ have brought our glorious country to the eve of a terrible 
and overwhelming crisis which threatens to divide our Union and our 
Government. Now, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we the citizens of Tamaqua, in town-meeting assembled, 
without distinction of party, do solemnly pledge ourselves to stand by 
the Union, the Constitution, and uphold the laws of our beloved country. 

On Wednesday, April 17, before the Washington Artillery Com- 
pany left for the seat of war, four beautiful swords were presented to 
the commissioned officers, by the following patriotic Scotchmen : 

David Beveridge, David Glover, Jacob Glover, Capt. C 



The Three Months' Campaign. 59 

F. Glover, Robert A. Glover, John McDonald_, David 
Fulton, and Thomas "Wren. 

The Press of the County was represented in the army, by three 
of its members, Col. Henry L. Cake, of the Mining Record ; 
Capt. H. J. Hendler, of the Jefferson Democrat, and Lieut, 
Francis B. Wallace, of the Miners' Journal ; the Bar by Lin 
Bartholomew, Esq., who was appointed Judge- Advocate by 
Major-Gen. Wm. H. Keim, with the rank of Captain ; James 
Seibert, Esq., Licut-Colonel 6th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers; James Ellis, Quartermaster of the 6th Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers ; C. Tower, Esq., Captain of the Tower Guards, 
and F. p. Dewees, Esq., and Wm. R. Potts, Esq., members of 
the Washington Artillerists. The medical profession was also, ably 
represented by Dr. John T. Carpenter, Dr. Henry R. Sillyman 
Dr. H. C. Parry, and Dr. McKibbin. We allude to this latter 
matter more in detail, under the three years' head, to show how 
Schuylkill County is honored at this writing, in the field, by her 
surgeons. There is no record more gratifying to her pride or 
patriotism. 

We also look back with great satisfaction, at the prompt and 
earnest manner in which the adopted citizens of the United States, 
residing in Schuylkill County, responded to the -call for men. 
The Washington Yeagers, of Pottsville, and German Light Infantry, 
of Tamaqua, were composed of Germans, while among the finest 
companies that left the County, for the seat of war, were the 
Union Guards, Capt. Anthony, of Pottsville, and Capt. Bren- 
NAn's company, of Glen Carbon, all the members of which were 
Irishmen. The Guards when they left, were dressed in the Gari- 
baldian uniform ; while none of the men in Capt. Brennan's 
company, were less than 5 feet, 9 inches in height, and some 
measured 6 feet, 2 inches. In the company were five brothers, 
Caton, ranging from 19 to 32 years of age, all born in Ireland. 
Other companies left the County composed entirely of Irishmen, 
and also of Germans — and the English, Welsh and Scotch filled 
the ranks of other companies in great numbers. 

Much interest was felt in the County, owing to the rapid manner 
in which men were leaving for service in the army, in the relief 



60 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



of their families, and several meetings were held on the subject. 
A bill was drafted and adopted, for action at the special session of 
the Legislature, for the purpose of equalizing throughout the 
County, the expenses of such relief. At that time the following 
amounts had been subscribed, which it was decided should be 
regarded simply as advances or loans for immediate use, and until 
the legislative plan could be rendered effective. This, however, 
does not alter the circumstances under which the subscriptions 
were made. The money was offered freely, patriotically, as a gift, 
if necessary, before the legislative action was thought of, and the 
donors merit all the praise bestowed upon them. 

PATRIOTIC FUND. 

POTTSVILLE. 



Burd Patterson & Son, 

T. H. Walker, 

J. M. Wetherill, 

P. W. Hughes, 

B. F. Pomroj, 

L. F. Whitney, 

James W. Bowen, 

Benjamin Bannan, 

John Bannan, 

John Shippen, 

E. O. Parry, 

J. Silliman, 

G. H. Clay and C. W. Begins 

J. H. Campbell, 

Charles Baber, 

J. S. Carpenter, 

A. Russel, 

G. W. Snyder, 

B. W. Cumming, 
Wm. Milnes, Jr., 
Solomon Foster, 
Frank Pott, 
Fox & Brother, 
John Clayton, 

Myer Strouse & Mother, 

Wm. Wolfif, 

John P. Hobart, 

A. H. Halberstadt, 

Benj. Haywood, 

Palo Alto Rolling Mill, 

Michael Bright, 

John T. Werner, 

Carried forward, 



$1000 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 

, 100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 



Brought forward, 
Thomas Foster & Co., 
I. F. Voorhies, 
Samuel Morris, Jr., 
John S. Morris, 
R. R. Morris, 
W, Donaldson, 
T. M. Russel, 
David Beveridge, 
Jacob Christian, 
Jacob Huntzinger, Jr., 
H. Rosengarten. 
J. W. Cake, 
Geo. Patterson, 
Ruch & Evans, 
Whitfield & Dornan, 
E. H. AVheeler, 
John Stine, 
P. D. Luther, 
Abright & Burkhart, 
Mrs. E. Lessig, 

B. Bartholomew, 

C. F. Glover, 
Lewis Ilerwig, 
Solomon Hoover, 
John P. Hofman, 
Charles Boehmer, 
J. G. Cochran, 
Wate Windsor, 

J. G. Brown & Son, 
Daniel Shertle, 
C. H. Hsesler, 

Carried forward, 



$4100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

60 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 

25 

20 

20 

25 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

25 

8 

26 

26 

60 

60 

60 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



61 



Brought forward, 
Richard Lee, 
Jacob Greenwalt, 
Joseph Schloss, 
D. L. Esterly, 
R. C. Green, 
Geo. Hofercamp, 
John W. Weber, 
Richard B. Mathias, 
William Garrett, 
Jesse Foster, 
Charles Loeser, 
Isaac Beck, 
Charles Sillyman, 
James H. Graeff, 
J. B. Beatty, 

F. B. Kaercher, 
C. H. Tyson, 

J. C. Hughes, 

G. Silverberg, 
Samuel Scott, 
Hoffman & Rishel, 
John Hodgkiss, 
M. R. Spohn, 
Jacob Kline, 
Geo. Lauer, 

A. K. Whitner, 
Joseph D. Jones, 
N. L. Loose, 
W. M. Zerby, 
Stichter & Thompson, 
Schloss & Loeb, 
Isaac Moyer, 
Adam Shertle, 
Edward Morrison, 
Charles F. Kopitcsh, 
Milton Boone, 
Wm. G. Wardle, 
Samuel Garrett, 
Lewis Reeser, 
Wm. Thompson, 
Geo. Evans, 
Frank Carter, 
M. G. Heilner, 
' B. Reilly, 
Chas. Frailey, 
L. P. Garrigues, 
Wm. I. Parvin, 
Mudey & Bowen, 
G. H. Willits, 
Dennis Dunlevy, 
F. Altstadt, 
J. P. Bertram, 
Jas. R. Shearer, 
John R. Deihm, 

Carried forward, 



p5893 
50 
25 
25 
25 
50 
25 
25 
25 
25 
50 



Brought forward, 
D. H. Leib, 
Danl. D. Moreton, 
J. F. Harris, 
G. AV. Good, 
Jesse J. Hawley, 
John Tregea, 
John L. Mennig, 
Henry Shelly, 
G. W. Bell, 
George Hadesty, 



50 Breneman & Landefelt, 
20ij. B. McCamant, 
25 Wm. L. Whitney, 
50 John Heebner, 
25 L. Laubenstein, 
50 Edward Harris, 
25 R. D. Shoener, 
20 Chas. T. Bowen, 
10 Morris Robinson, 
12 Chas. A. Rahn, 
20 T. H. Rickert, 
10 Chas. Logue, 
10 Michael Murphy, 
50 George de B. Keim, 
50 Jacob A. Hazen, 
10 Wm. B. Wells, 
20 Nichols & Beck, 
30 Pliny Fisk, 
20 Gideon Bast, 
50 A. S. Moorhead, 
25 Benjamin Pott, 
20 Robt. F Weaver, 
10 L. Vastine and J. Pott, 
20 Wm. Jklortimer, Jr., 
100 B. F. Taylor, 
50 James Focht, 
25 Thomas Johns, 
20 D. G. Yuengling, 
50 J. W. Roseberry, 
50 N. C. Morrison, 
10 Henry P. Edmunds, 
25 P. W. Sheafer, 
50 Strange N. Palmer, 
25 D. E. Nice, 
50 Wm. Matz, 
20 A. Henderson, 
10 Oliver Dobson, 
25 B. F. Griffith, 
10 John Noble, 
20 Jos. S. Elliott, 
20 Charles D. Hippie, 
10 Samuel Lewis, 
10 Levi Huber, 
10 William Weber, 



$7440 



$7440 
10 
20 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
50 
20 
10 
25 
10 
25 
25 
10 
10 
10 
10 
20 
20 
50 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
100 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
50 
10 



Carried forward, $10,022 



62 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Brought forward, $10,022 

A. Prior, 10 

H. Weber, 10 

Joseph E Jackson, 10 

William II. Smith, 10 

J. P. Sherman, 10 

Dennis Brennan, 5 

John Bindley, 10 

Henry Chambers, 10 

Thomas Wren, 50 

E. Fister, 10 

Mark Crawshaw, 25 

Jacob Brill, 10 

Charles Hossler, 50 

John Pollard, 10 

Thomas Thomas, 10 

Gr. N. Bowman, 10 

E. W. Jones, 25 
John Whitzell, 10 
J. W. Haas, 10 
G. W. Mortimer, 10 
James Lanigan, 25 
H. R. Huntzinger, 20 
N. Fox, 20 
Heber B. Smith, 10 
Benj. B. McCool, 20 
Z. P. Boyer, 25 
M. F. Maize, Agt., 50 
Joseph Heislei", 10 
James B. Reed, 25 
J. A. M. Passmore, 10 
Daniel W. Scott, 10 
Chas. W. Pitman, 60 
Charles Lord, 25 
Thomas Harris, 20 
Thomas Cooch, 100 
Samuel Chrisman, 10 
Geo. K. Smith, 25 
D. D. McGinnes, 15 
R. M. Palmer, 100 
Geo. R. Houghton, 5 
H. Gerz, 5 
Peter Jennings, 10 
Silas Strouse, 25 
G. H. Lippe, 25 
Joseph Morgan, 5 
N, Wetzell, 10 
J. Rabeneau, 10 
Wm. E. Boyer, 100 
H Boehmer, 10 
Jos. Wollison, 20 

F. C. Kuentzler, 10 
John G. Betz, 25 
John Moser, 10 
Daniel Hill, 20 



Carried forward, $11,187 



Brought forward, $11,187 

F. Olmmacht, 10 
Jacob Ulmer, 10 
John Kromer, 10 
T. A. Godfrey, 50 
Samuel Huntzinger, 25 
W. H. & J. M. Huntzinger, 25 
Thomas Pctherick, 100 
Samuel Harrison, 100 
Christopher Loeser, 200 
Jabez Sparks, 20 
Lucy Dornan, 20 
J. Seitzinger, 10 
B. Christian, 10 

D. H. Schooner, 30 
B. Evert, 20 
L. Tousant, 10 
J. C. Conrad, 20 
W. Pollock, 10 
Simon Derr, 25 
L. Schwenk, 6 
W. D. Hodgson, 10 

G. S. Repplier, 25 
J. C. Harper, 10 
M. Mortimer, 10 
J. Trough, 10 
T. R. Bannan, 25 
J. M. Beatty, 20 

E. E. Bland, 10 
H. Vandeusen, 10 

A. M. Allen, 25 

B. S. Langdon, 20 

C. Little, 25 

D. Krebs, 10 

F. Sanderson, 20 
R. Lee, 10 
D. W. Miller, 10 
F. B. Gowen, 25 
H. Fisher, 25 
D. B. Green, 25 
Geo. Byerle, 15 
F. Patterson, 15 
W. L. Helfenstine, 20 
F. B. Wingert, 5 
J. B. Olewine, 10 
H. Gressang, 10 

A. W. Sterner, 15 
H. Zimmerman, 10 

B. Weller, 10 
Geo. N. Downing, 10 
Jasper Snell, 15 
Geo. Bright, 60 
J. Schum, 10 
J. Smith, 20 

Total, $12,437 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



63 



Philip Alspach, 
L. H. Allen, 
J. W. Abbott, 
Wra. R. Allen, 
H. K. Aurand, 
Wm. L. AUebcach, 
Joseph Adam, 
Boyd Workman, 
Lewis Buehler, 
Geo. L. Boyd, 
Henry S. Boner, 
Thomas E. Brode, 
Michael Beard, 
Michael Barry & Co., 
Wm. B. Bensinger, 
George Brown, 
Francis Bright, 
Lewis Beck, 
John S. Boyer, 
R.. Billman, 
H. Conrad, 
Geo. W. Cole, 
Philip Conrad, 
Robt Carter, 
Henry Clayton, 
John Donaldson & Co., 
E. A. Denniston, 
Wm. Draper, 
Jesse Dodson, 
Philip Dreher, 
Geo. W. Denniston, 
Peter Dodson, 
Philip Dormitzcr, 
Kobt. F. Ditchburn, 
E. J. Fry, 
M. P. Fowler, 
Philip Faber, 
P. D. Fenstemakcr, 
Geo. W. Gowen, 
Jacob B. Gardner, 
B. F. Hughes, 
John G. Houser, 
James M. Hadesty, 
Reuben A. Heaton, 
Henry Huhn, 
Benjamin Heilner, 
Dr. David Hunter, 
J. L. Hill, 

Abraham Haldeman, 
Mathias Haldeman, 
Conrad Ifland, 
Stephen Jones, 

Carried forward, 



TAMAQUA. 

^ 25 1 Brought forward, 

100 J. R. Jones, 
25 Roland Jones, 
10 Wm. IC. Jones, 
10 Wm. Jacobs, 
20 Frank Donaldson, 
15 Henry Underline, 
10 Nicholas Seilzinger, 
25 John Johnson, 
25 G. A. Klauder, 
10 Wm. Krause & Bro., 
50 J. J. Kauffman, 
50 A & D. Long, 
25 A. Landauer, 
25 M. F. Ludwig, 
25 J. K. Lovett, 
25 J. Lavenson, 
30 Joseph Lavenstine, 
25 Thomas Lewis, 

5 Edward Enderline, 
25 David Edmunds, 
25 J. B. McCamant, 
10 Chas. Moyer, 
20 John Moyer, 
60 Aaron Meyer, 
50 S. Morganroth, 
25 G. H. McCabe, 
15 James McHugh, 
10 J. W. Nutz, 
25 Thos. S. Patterson, 
20 John Parker, 
10 Solomon Pfleger, 
10 Thos. L. Pearce, 
10 James Ryan, 
50 George Pteagan, 
100 William Reagan, 
25 E. Godfrey Rehrer, 
25 Preston Robison, 
25 D. C. Reinhart, 
25 Chas. F. Shoener, 
50 Michael Schwartz, 
25 Meyer Schwartz, 
10 John N. Speece, 
25 H. F. Stidfole, 
25 Daniel Shipp, 
25 B. B. Smith, 
50 Wilbur F. Smith, 
25 G. W. Sands, 
10 Simon Stine, 
25 M. Thompson, 
20 Jos. D. Thomas, 
25 Chas. Vaughn, 



$1395 



Carried forward, 



$1395 
10 
50 
25 
10 
25 
10 
50 
100 
10 
10 
20 
15 
100 
25 
20 
10 
10 
10 
50 
10 
25 
15 
25 
10 
10 
100 
10 
25 
25 
10 
25 
5 

50 
10 
50 
25 
20 
10 
50 
50 
50 
25 
100 
50 
10 
10 
10 
50 
10 
10 
20 

$2860 



64 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Brought forward, 
Frank Wcld3% 
Rev. M. A. Walsh, 
L. 0. Whitman, 
Geo. Wiggan, 

Carried forward, 



William H. Johns, 
James S. Kirk, 
William Price, 
Walter Sedgwick, 
John Holmes, 
R. H. Coryell, 
Jonathan Hethrington, 
James G. Hardy, 
F. W. Richardson, 
Joseph Atkinson, 

D. K. Slobig, 
Samuel Dew alt, 
Christopher Beichly, 
John Seitzinger, 
John Dawson, 

Mrs. Dawson, 
Charles Henderson, 

E. R. Breckon, 
John Gathers, 
R. H. Irwin, 
Louis H. Koch, 
John L. Geiger, 
William Bradbury, 
Jonathan Johnson, 
Chas. Boone, 
Abraham Sharp, 
Roland Whitfield, 
Thomas Watkins, 
J. A. Smith & Bro., 
William Silliman, 
Jacob Gwinncr, 
John Callen, 
George S. Repplier, 
John T. Nicholas, 
A. P. Carr, 

W. Haas, 

George W. Keiter, 
George D. Bensinger, 
John R. Williams, 
H. Neiman, 
William H. Jennings, 
John Pollock, 
James Wood, 
David J. Richards, 
J. A. Kuhns, 

Carried forward, 



$28601 Brought forward, $2950 

20 Henry Waters, 20 

10 Gideon AVhetstone, 15 



10 


Henry A. Weldy, 


10 


50 


Henry Weldy. 
Total, 


25 


$2950 


$3020 


ST. CLAIR. 




$250 


Brought forward, 


$1370 


200 


George B, Wagner, 


10 


100 


Thomas Francis, 


10 


50 


Wm. E. Stone, 


10 


50 


Thomps Reese, 


10 


25 


William E. Porter, 


10 


25 


Samuel C. Arnout, 


25 


10 


Daniel Williams, 


10 


20 


William J. Smith, 


5 


10 


Amzi Brown, 


5 


10 


F. Gantret, 


10 


5 


William Gittings, 


5 


50 


William Short, 


10 


10 


David T. Richards, 


20 


25 


John Jenkins, 


10 


10 


Chas. Wagner, 


2 


10 


Joseph E. Jackson, 


10 


10 


Charles Lawton, 


10 


20 


Adam Wagner, 


6 


20 


Joshua Ketner, 


6 


20 


Matthew S. Stoker, 


10 


20 


James Medara, 


5 


25 


John Brown, 


10 


20 


Michael Brown, 


10 


10 


Chas. L. Roorbach, 


10 


10 


Thomas Evans, 


5 


50 


Joseph AVilde, 


5 


5 


Jacob Bretz, 


25 


10 


William J Williams, 


5 


25 


John Williams, 


5 


50 


Christian Frantz, 


10 


10 


George Stahl, 


20 


25 


Patrick McCullough, 


6 


5 


Humphrey Lewis, 


10 


5 


Owen Jenkins, 


i) 


5 


William P. Williams, 


5 


10 


William M. Davis, 


10 


5 


John Cook, 


10 


30 


James Morgan, 


5 


20 


Jno. Lamb, $2^, Wm. Runkle, 


$2^, 5 


15 


Benjamin Haines, 


5 


10 


William Morris, 


6 


50 


Theodore R. Johnson, 


10 


20 


H. H. Stauffer, 


10 


5 


Peter Smelzer, 


10 



$13701 



Total, 



$1767 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



65 



SCHUYLKILL HAVEN. 



Gideo!! Bast, 
John I>. Deibert, 
Henrv Say lor, 
T. (\"/ulick, 
W-1"'. r, . Levan, 
Henry Voute, 
Henry Hesser, 
James Kirpatrick, 
Dr. 0. L. Say lor, 
John W. Koons, 
William Kramer, 
John Byerly, 
Michael Bosler, 
Wm. Gensamer, 
D. C- Schrader, 
Jas. M. SchTvalm, 
Solomon Barr, 
Joseph Dengler, 
Henry J. Saylor, 
Daniel Saylor, 
Dr. J. P. Palm, 
Abraham Saylor, 
Drs. S. & F. Shannon, 
Heisler Zimmerman, 
Chas. Laudenbacher, 
Isaac Paxsou, 
Isaac Miller, 
Abraham Loeb, 
P. K. Wintersteen, 
A. A. Hesser, 
Henry Byerly, 
James K. Graeff, 
William K-eber, 
Enoch Bindley, 
Kobert Irwin, 
A. J. Mason, 
William Hoy, 
Chas. Dengler, 
Azariah Jones, 



$200 

100 

100 

50 

50 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

10 

5 

10 

15 

25 

5 

5 

25 

20 

50 

25 

30 

100 

5 

5 

10 

1 

8 

5 

1 

10 

10 

1 

2 

20 

10 

4 

10 

10 



00 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
50 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



Carried forward, $1062 50 



Brought forward, 
C. Loose, 


$1062 60 
25 00 


H. M. Kutch, 


5 00 


Jacob Major, 


5 00 


Joseph Mayer, 
P. W. Blackburn, 


2 00 
2 00 


Joshua Heiser, 


5 00 


M. Kerkeslager, 


5 00 


Chas. Saylor, 


10 00 


Erastus Moser, 


1 00 


James Hill, 


5 00 


Daniel Small, 


15 00 


W. A. Field, 


10 00 


H. B. Zulick, 


10 00 


E. T. Warner, 


50 00 


.John Warner, 


60 00 


Robt. Irwin, 


5 00 


Alex. W. Saylor, 


15 00 


Chas. Wiltvout, 


15 00 


Henry Helms, 
Nathan Palsgrove, 


2 00 
10 00 


Beneville Bast, 


5 00 


Adam Snyder, 

Dr. John G. Koehler, 


10 00 
25 00 


Joseph Reber, 
Isaac Dengler, 


10 00 
10 00 


Michael Cook, 


10 00 


Elias Dreher, 


2 00 


Joseph Freeman, 


1 00 


.J. W. Butz, 


10 00 


B. F. Lessig, 


1 00 


Wm. Fessler, 


5 00 


S. M. Shultz, 


25 00 


Abraham Hay, 
Jos. A. Dreibelbeis, 


6 00 

10 00 


Henry Hartzel, 
John Barr, 


6 00 

5 00 


Henry W. Bowman, 


15 00 



Total, 



BRANCH TOWNSHIP. 



Wm. H Hopkins, 


$100 


A. T. Troutman, 


100 


Wm. Kendrick, 


25 


Jacob F. Faust, 


25 


John Sinzel, 


25 


John Shultz, 


25 


Daniel Dilman, 


25 


Philip A. Clauser, 


25 



Carried forward, 



$350 



Brought forward, 
Wm. L. Williams, 
Chas. H. Miller, 
Francis Goyne, 
William Goyne, 
Benjamin Kauffman, 
Wm. H, Goyne, 
Damon Shrop, 

Carried forward. 



$1473 50 



$350 
25 
26 
20 
20 
20 
10 
10 



$480 



6Q 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



Bi'ought forward, 
Wm. Bush. 
Thomas Cockill, 
George Harris, 
G. W. Ernst, 
Ezra Cockill, 
Henry Reed, 
Thomas Cole, 
Christian Buery, 
David J. Evans, 
George Hime, 
Morgan Williams, 
Jacob F. Hime, 
Alexander Fink, 
Edward Noble, 
J. H. Reed, 
Elias Kauffman, 

Carried forward, 



B. D. Thomas, 
A. Hexter, 
Jonas Laubenstine, 
Michael Weaver, 
Moses Heiser, 
Frederick Snyder, 
J. K. Burns, 
Jacob Snyder, 
Elias Miller, 
J. H. Richards, 
Theodore C. Rogers, 
Abraham Trout, 
Jacob Maurer, 
Thomas Burgert, 
Wm. INIealing, 
Joseph Hartman, 
J. Witzman, 
Adam Confere, 

D. H. Geiger, 
Cyrus Moore, 
J. F. Meridith, 
Samuel Williams, 

E. A. Auld, 
Franklin Heisler, 
Samuel Kauifman, 
Henry George, 
W. A; Knabb, 
Isaac Allaback. 
Chas. Nelms, 
Geo. J. Hehr, 

J. M. Tucker, 
John Pearce, 



$480 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
6 
5 
5 



$625 



. Brought forward, 
Daniel Shopbell, 
Wm. Rowe, 
Andrew Maury, 
Wm. Hacker, 
Clement Alarsh, 
Jacob H. Zimmerman, 
Thomas Jones, 
Jacob Clauser, 
Duncan Thomas, 
Philip Gehres, 
David Neyser, 
V. K. Boyer, 
W. H. Tyson, 
Henry Shadel, 
John Zimmerman, 

Total, 



S6i 



MINERSVILLE. 

$10 00 Bronght forward, 

5 00 J. K. Krcwson, 
5 00 Daniel Riesinger, 
5 00 Hiram Moyer, 
5 00 Edward Shissler, 
5 00 Wm. Haubauer, 
5 00 Alexander Jeflfrys, 

1 25 John Bresslin, 

2 50 J. L. Ossler, 
5 00 James Harly, 
5 00 George Marsh, 

5 00 William Matthews, 

2 50 1 Thomas Kear, 

2 50 'John Miller, 

2 50 J M. Freck, 

5 00 Edward Wernet, 

2 50 1 Frederick Wiess, 

2 50'Samuel Felix, 
20 00 Jonathan Sheave, 

5 00 jF. Schollenberg, 
10 00 Evan Evans, 

5 00 'John Mohan, 

2 50 jB. Gallagher, 

2 50 j Philip Jenkins, 

5 00 H. W. Prevost, 
2 50 Jacob Ramer, 
2 50 B. F. Shuder, 
2 00 ' Chas. Geble, 

6 OO^G H. Potts & Co., 
5 00 George Yarnell, 

2 60 Michael Snyder, 
2 50 S. D. Piercal, 



$694 



$148 25 



Carried forward, $148 25 



5 00 


2 


50 


2 


00 


5 


00 


5 00 


5 


00 


2 


50 


2 


50 


3 


00 


3 


00 


10 


00 


11 


00 


o 
O 


00 


5 


00 


2 


00 


3 


00 


2 


50 


5 


00 


1 


00 


5 


00 


2 


50 


2 


00 


2 


CO 


2 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


2 


50 


25 


00 


5 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 



Carried forward, $279 75 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



6T 



$279 


75 


2 


50 


2 


50 


2 


50 


10 


00 


50 


00 


50 


00 


75 


00 


3 


00 


5 


00 


2 


50 


5 


00 


3 


50 


3 


00 


3 


73 


2 


50 


2 


50 


2 


50 


$505 


48 



Brought forward, 
David Lamont, 


$505 48 
2 50 


Frederick Miilly, 
John Duth, 


2 50 
1 00 


Wm. Krammer, 


4 00 


Thomas T. Jones, 


2 50 


John Sterner, 


2 50 


Thomas T. Davis, 


2 50 


Jacob Weist, 


5 00 


William Verner, 


10 00 


Joseph Burger, 
Dalrympble Muir, 


2 50 
2 50 


William Bedden, 


2 50 


W. P. Daniels, 


2 50 


Isaac Davis, 


2 50 


George Anslu, 


2 50 


Henry Parall, 


1 00 



Total, 



$553 98 



Brought forward, 
Benjamin Klupp, 
A. H. Eager, 
J. H. Christ, 
T. H. Schollenberger, 
E. Borda, 
David Glover, 
D. R. Bennett, 
Daniel Hoch, 
J. Wadlinger, 
T. P. Davis, 
J. W. Danenhower, 
John Fisher, 
Francis Bedford, 
L. Pfeilslicker, 
William Jenkins, 
Thomas Jenkins, 
Thomas R. Williams, 

Carried forward. 

At a meeting of the citizens of Port Carbon, held April 18th, 
1861; the following resolution was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved That the sum of one thousand dollars be appropriated for 
the relief of the families of such citizens of Port Carbon, as volunteer to 
serve the country in this her hour of need. The same to be paid in such 
sums as may be called for by the committee of relief. 

When it was understood that the County Commissioners were 
about making arrangements for the relief of soldiers' families, the 
council of Port Carbon, at a special meeting held May 15th, 18G1, 
rescinded the above, and at a meeting held June 12th, passed the 
following to cover expenses already incurred : 

Resolved, That one hundred and two dollars be appropriated for the 
relief of families of volunteers, and that orders be drawn in favor of 
Jesse Turner, Treasurer of Relief Committee, for the same. 

These sums, the patriotic contributions of our citizens, make, 
with some SI 500 contributed in Tremont, an aggregate subscribed 
in Schuylkill County, within a week, for the relief of the families 
of volunteers, of $22,551 48. This generous contribution given 
freely, and every penny of which unquestionably would have 
been paid, if it had been necessary, is a striking proof of the gen- 
uine patriotism of the citizens of the County. 

On Friday evening, April 19, the citizens of Tremont and 
vicinity, held a meeting at the public house of Weber & MocH. 

Alonzo a. Livermore, was called to the chair. Henry Heil, 



68 The Three Months' Campaign. 

Levi Eckel, and Herman W. Luders were appointed Vice- 
Presidents. Henry Heilman and John B. Ziebach, were 
appointed Secretaries. 

On taking the chair, the President in a union-loving and patriotic 
manner stated the object of the meeting. 

Tiios. B. Walker moved the appointment of a committee of 
seven to report resolutions. The President appointed the follow- 
ing : Tiios. B. Walker, David Oliver, J. P. Bechtel, Zack. 
Batdoef, D. H. Wilcox, G. Drake, and Frederick Wer- 
theimer. 

C. L. PiNKERTON, Mr. Matthews, and James Foley, ad- 
dressed the meeting in a brief, yet spirited and truly patriotic style. 

The committee on resolutions reported the following : 

Whereas, The President of the United Spates has issued a Proclama- 
tion, calling for volunteers to aid in maintaining the Union the Consti- 
tution, and the enfoi'cement of the Laws, and 

Whereas, We feel bound to respond to such an appeal, not only by 
our conviction of the whole dependence of all our business enterprises 
depend on the principle of social order, and peace of our whole country, 
and obedience to its laws, but being also impelled by every sacred obli- 
gation of duty and love to our Government, to whose protection, under 
God, we owe the existence of all our prosperity and happiness as a free 
and independent people ; therefore 

Resolved, That forgetting all political strife, unmindful of party lines 
and names, that we, the citizens of Tremont and vicinity, brothers of one 
beloved country, and that country now in danger, we hereby earnestly 
pledge ourselves to use all our endeavors to strengthen the Government, 
now in the hour of her trial and impending danger, to stand by our 
national banner, the Star Spangled Banner, the glorious union, and the 
enforcement of the laws throughout our country ; and 

Resolved, That we deem it the imperative duty of all the young men 
of this vicinity, to form themselves into a military company, and be 
ready and heartily willing for service when their country calls them to 
defend those innumerable blessings handed down to us by our forefathers 
to honor, protect, and preserve ; and 

Resolved, That we deem it the duty of all good union-loving and loyal 
men to their country, to contribute to the full extent of their means, 
their ability, and their influence, to establish the honor of Tremont, in 
responding to its country's call, and as an appreciation of the liberties 
which we are and have been living under, but likely to be stolen from us; 
and 

Resolved, That the chair be empowered to appoint a committee of five, 
whose duty it shall be to recruit members for a volunteer company in 
Tremont and vicinity, and to provide means for the maintenance of the 
families of those who may volunteer to serve their country. 

On motion, the resolutions offered by the committee were adopted 
unanimously, amid great cheers and applause. The " Tremont 



The Three Months' Campaign. 69 

Saxhorn Band/' then favored the meeting with some of their soul- 
inspiring music. The Star Spangled Banner, Hail Columbia, and 
other national airs were plaj^ed, after which loud and oft-repeated 
cheering took place. 

Thos. B. Walker then addressed the meeting in a short and 
exceedingly appropriate manner. 

On motion of Adam Wolf, the President was authorized to 
appoint a committee of five to recruit members for a company, and 
also to solicit aid for the maintenance of the families of those per- 
sons who may volunteer. The chair appointed the following : J. 
A. L. TiCE, Henry Heil, Frederick Werthiemer, Hiram 
PiNKERTON, and Jacob Gruber, Jr. 

On motion a subscription was opened, and fifteen hundred dollars 
were subscribed for the families of our volunteers. 

The meeting adjourned with nine cheers for the Stars and Stripes 
and Union, forever. 

x\s the sons of Schuylkill County, were first to respond to the 
call of the President in the hour of national peril, so its fair 
daughters were foremost in the offer and acceptance of their services 
as " ministering angels " in the army. The following correspond- 
ence will explain the remark : 

To THE Hon. Simon Cameron, 

Secretary of War, Washington City. 

Dear Sir : The women of Potts- 
ville are forming an association of nurses, to be known as "The Potts- 
ville Nurse Corps;" and they desire hereby to tender to you their 
services, in attending to the sick and wounded of the Schuylkill County 
Regiment of Volunteers, during the present term of their enlistment — 
and they hold themselves in readiness to go to any part of the country, 
whenever duty may call. 

On behalf of the Corps, very respectfully yours. 

Signed by Twenty-one Ladies. 
Pottsville, 21d April, 1861. 

War Department, ■) 

Washington, May Zd, 1861. j 
Miss Amanda Silliman, Mrs. Juliet H. Campbell, and other Ladies 
OF Pottsville, Penna. Dear Ladies: I have been most deeply im- 
pressed and affected with your communication. The feelings and patriot- 
ism of the country must be stirred to their profoundest depths, when 
ladies, reared and living amid all the refinements and elegancies of life, 
are willing to share the privations, endure the toils, and brave all the 
perils of the soldier's camp, that they may contribute to the comfort, and 
soothe the sufferings of their husbands, brothers, and friends, who are 
fighting the battles of the country. 

6* 



70 The Three Months' Campaign. 



Knowing many of you personally, and nearly all of your fathers, 
husbands, and brothers, and knowing too, what sacrifices you propose to 
make in the service of the nation, and appreciating fully, how much 
your tender and delicate attentions would contribute to alleviate the 
sorrows and suffering always incident to war, T will most gladly and 
thankfully accept your "labor of love," whenever hospitals are organized, 
and the condition of the army is such as to be in need of your ministra- 
tions. At such time, I shall not fail to avail myself of your kind offices, 
and will give such orders and directions as will make your situations as 
comfortable, and your facilities as ample as the circumstances will 
permit. With sentiments of the highest regard and esteem, I am, dear 
ladies, most truly, your obedient servant, 

Simon Cameron, 

Secretary of War. 

Well may we reiterate, '^ noble women of Schuylkill V 

On Saturday, May 18, a flag was raised on the tower of Trinity 

Churchj Pottsville, and the ^' Star Spangled Banner" was sung by 

the choir. 

On the commencement of the war, a prayer was appointed by 

Bishop Potter, of Pennsylvania, for use in the churches of the 

Diocese. We annex it, with an exhortation by the Rector of 

Trinity Church, published by him, April 27 : 

Almighty God, who art a strong tower of defence to those who put 
their trust in thee, whose power no creature is able to resist, we make 
our humble cry to thee in this hour of our country's need. Thy property 
is always to have mercy. Deal not with us according to our sins, neither 
reward according to our iniquities ; but stretch forth the right hand of 
thy Majesty, and be our defence for thy name's sake. Have pity upon 
our brethren who are in arms against the constituted authorities of the 
land, and show them the error of their way. Shed upon the counsels of 
our rulers the spirit of wisdom and moderation, and firmness, and unite 
the hearts of our people as the heart of one man, in upholding the 
supremacy of law, and the cause of justice and peace. Abate the 
violence of passion; banish pride and prejudice from every heart, and in- 
cline us all to trust in thy righteous Providence, and to be ready for every 
duty. And oh, that in thy great mercy, thou wouldst liasten the return 
of unity and concord to our borders, and so order all tilings, that jDcace 
and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, may be established 
among us for all generations. These things, and whatever else thou 
shalt see to be necessary and convenient for us, we humbly beg through 
the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. Amen. 

GOD IS OUR REFUGE.— P.mZw 46. 

Dear Brethren : The tumult and excitement of the hour are perilous 
to the Christian spirit and temper, as well as to national affairs. To our 
risen Lord, let us, one and all, resort. Our chief pastor has promptly 
set forth the above prayer ; and in this awful crisis we must look to 
God— 



The Three Months' Campaign. 71 

Still save us, Lord ; and still 

Tby servants deign to bless: 
Hear, King of Heaven, in times of ill, 

The prayers that we address. — Ps, 20 and IS. 

From Easter unto the Ascension all our Saviour's T.-ords and deeds 
remind us that lie will speak unto His people. Precious consolation ! 
To this dear llefuge, beloved, let us turn in public and in private, that 
our noble Government be sustained and re-established with ncAV vigor 
of union and liberty, that unnecessary bloodshed and sacrifice may be 
providentially averted; that every family may receive again its absent 
ones alive and well, peace and frateimal good-will be speedily restored, 
perpetual prosperity eventually secured to our whole country, and the 
best interests of humanity be more and more advanced by the over-ruling 
hand of our merciful God and Saviour. 

Affectionately, yours, 

D. Washburn, 

Rector, ^-c. 

The ladies of Pottsville labored faithfully and industriously. Up 
to June their Sewing Society completed for the troops from Schuyl- 
kill County, 800 havelocks, 135 bands, 90 towels, and 150 needle- 
cases. The ladies of Orwig-sburg, Tamaqua^ and other sections of 
the County also worked industriously, in furnishing these useful 
articles to the volunteers. Resolutions of thanks were adopted 
and published, by companies H, Capt. Smith ; B, Capt. Wren i 
D, Capt. McDonald and F, (Lochiel Greys, of Ilarrisburg,)' of 
the Twenty-Fifth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, company 
C, Capt. Wm. B. Lebo, Tenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and company H, Capt. C. Tower, Sixth Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. 

The volunteers also adopted resolutions of thanks to Mrs. Jas. 
H. Campbell, Mrs. Catherine Mortimer, Mrs. Oliver Dob- 
son, Mrs. F. L. Foster, Mrs. Samuel Mortimer, and to the 
Messrs. Morris, Nichols & Beck, Benj. Haywood, Samuel 
Huntzinger, Lin Bartholomew^ R. A. Wilder, and many 
others, friends and fellow-citizens, for welcome and appreciated 
gifts. 

Among the most patriotic and enthusiastic of the citizens of the 
County, when the rebellion assumed huge proportions, were Scotch- 
men. We have already alluded to the fact of a sword presentation 
by them to the commissioned ofl&cers of the Washington Artillery 
Company. 

Subsequently when the company was divided, to form another 



72 The Three Months' Campaign. 

for the Regimeut, which new company was commanded by Capt. 
Wren, the swords were presented by the remaining officers of the 
original company to officers of the new company. 

When the division took place, Messrs. B. T. Taylor, W. F. 
Patterson, and other citizens of Pottsville, as a mark of esteem, 
presented to the commissioned officers of company H, four fine 
swords, which elicited from the officers the following appreciative 
expression : 

Fort Washington, Md., \ 
. June 12th, 1861. / 

To Messrs. Benj. T. Taylor, Wm. F. Patterson, and others of our 
Friends in Pottsville, instrumental in presenting us with four beautiful 
swords. 

Gentlemen : At a meeting of the undersigned, commissioned officers 
of company H, Advance Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, held this 
day, the following preamble and resolutions were lananimously adopted: 
Whereas, Messrs. Benj. T. Taylor, Wm. F. Patterson, and other 
respected citizens of the Borough of Pottsville, whom we are proud to 
call friends, have in the most generous manner presented us with four 
beautiful and serviceable swords, therefore 

Resolved, That we appreciate the gift so highly that it shall be our 
earnest endeavor in whatever position we may be placed, to allow no 
stain of dishonor or direlection of duty, to sull^^ their blades, the bright- 
ness of which should be typical of the soldier's character, the keenness 
of whose edges should bo excelled only by the wearers' zeal in their 
country's service. 

Resolved, That a copy of these proceeding be fui-nished to the donors, 
and that they be published in the papers of the Borough of Pottsville. 

David A. Smith, Captain. 
Francis B. Wallace, First Lieutenant. 
Philip Naole, Second Lieutenant, 
Henry C. Russel, JJrev. Second Lieutenant. 

Schuylkill County had in the three months' service one Briga- 
dier General, George C. Wynkoop, with the following Aid-de- 
camps : Captains J. M. Wetherill and Lin Bartholomew. 
Capt. J. HiGGiNS, Brigade-Quartermaster. In Gen. Wynkoop's 
Brigade were, five regiments and one detached company. The 
regiments were the First, Second, Third, Ninth, and Sixteenth. 
The Sixteenth regiment was organized under command of Col. 
Zeigle, of York, Lieut. -Colonel Higgins, of Tamaqua, and Major 
Bennett, of 3Iincrsville, and comprised the following five Schuyl- 
kill County companies: Union Guards^ Capt. Joseph Anthony, 
Pottsville; Schuylkill Guards, Capt. Horace C. Bennett, Miners- 
ville; Wynkoop Artillerists, Capt. Winlack, Silver Creek; Jack- 



The Three Months' Campaign. 73 

son GuardS; Capt. Donophan, and German Liglit Infantry, Capt. 
GuENTHER, both of Tamaqua. The balance of the Sixteenth was 
distributed between Bucks, Adams, and York counties. 

In July, 1861, the citizens of the County commenced making- 
preparations to receive appropriately, the three months' troops 
upon their return home. The time of the first companies expired 
on the 17th, but the Government could not spare them, some being 
in Gen. Patterson's column in Virginia, and the others at Fort 
Washington, on the Potomac, sixteen miles below Washington 
City. The term of service of company H, Capt. Smith ; company 
B, Capt. Wren, and company D, Capt. McDonald, Twenty-fifth 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, expired on the Wednesday 
preceding the battle of Bull Hun, but the companies expressed a 
willingness and desire to remain as long over their time as the 
Government required their services, and they were not mustered 
out of the United States service until the week after the battle. 

Before company H left Fort Washington, which with two other 
companies of the Twenty-Fifth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and some artillerists of the regular army, it had strengthened, and 
garrisoned when ''secession swept to its very ramparts," and 
Washington was closely besieged, it was delegated by some of the 
ladies of Pottsville, who had friends and relatives in the company, 
to present to Major J. A. Haskin, who commanded the post, a 
beautiful gold pen and pencil case, as a token of their appreciation 
of him as an officer and a gentleman. The Major had taken great 
pains to render the troops efficient in drill and discipline, and the 
kindest feelings existed between him and the men. Many promi- 
nent citizens of the County had met the Major at the Fort, and 
were much impressed by his courtesy. The present was certainly, 
a delicate testimonial, and was highly appreciated by the Major, 
who is an old army officer, and who served gallantly in the Mexican 
War, losing his left arm at the battle of Chapultcpec. A more 
patriotic, better artillery officer the service does not contain. 

The pencil which cost about ^25, bore the following inscription : 

TO MAJOR HASKIN, U. S. A., 
From the Ladies of Pottsville. 



74 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The Major acknowledged the gift, in the following note : 

Fort Washington, Md , ") 
July 17th, 1861. f 
Ladies : — Captain D. A. Smith has handed me the pen and pencil, 
which you have been so kind as to present to me. It is most pleasing 
to me, when I think who are the donors, and it will be treasured as a 
memento of the very agreeable time I have had with some who are near 
and dear to you, and for whose good opinion I am indebted to you for 
this beautiful gift. 

Hoping, that one day, I may be able, in person, to present my heart- 
felt thanks, I am. Ladies, 

Sincerely Yours, 

J. A. Haskin, Brt. Maj. U. S. A. 

As the term of service of the Schuylkill County troops was 
drawing to a close, the citizens of the County made, as we have 
intimated, preparations to receive them appropriately. Minersville 
and the other Boroughs, were beautifully decorated with flowers, 
wreathes encircling mottoes of welcome, etc. In Minersville the 
programme adopted for the reception of the soldiers was as follows : 

To be met at the depot by a procession of citizens, societies, and 
thirty-four young ladies in white, under command of Mr. John 
Trayer, Ciiicf Marshal, where they will partake of lunch; when 
they will then form into line and march through the streets to the 
hotel of Samuel Richards, where a speech of welcome will be 
delivered by Seth W. Geer, Esq., when they will be dismissed. 

In Pottsville a meeting was held at Pennsylvania Hall on the 
16th of July, to make arrangements for the reception of the re- 
turning volunteers. 

Hon. Strange N. Palmer, was called to the Chair, and 
Christopher Little, Esq., appointed Secretary. 

The Chairman briefly stated the object of the meeting — adverting 
to the sacrifices and services of our noble volunteers, and expressing? 
on behalf of the whole community, an appreciative disposition to 
do them becoming honor, on their return. Other gentlemen 
followed in a like strain of eulogy and intended welcome, while 
discussing various suggestions as to the ceremonies befitting the 
occasion ; when, finally, the following committee of twenty-one 
was selected, to arrange the details of the general plan agreed upon 
— after which the meeting adjourned : 

Hon. Strange N. Palmer, Chairman, Christopher Little, 



The Three Months' Campaign. 75 

D. E. Nice, Frederick Foster, Benj. T. Taylor, William 
F. Patterson, Frank Pott, Thomas H. Rickert, Daniel 
Schertle, Chas. W. Pitman, John S. Morris, Wm. Kiland, 
Charles W. Clemens, Wm. L. Whitney, WxM. Fox, Samuel 
HuNTZiNGER, Danl. D. Moreton, B. Reilly, F. B. Kaercher^ 
Jos. F. Seiders, and Peter S. Martz. 

THE PROCESSION, ROUTE, &c. 

The committee met on the 17th, and adopted the following 
programme : 

A civic procession, under the command of a Marshal, and 
accompanied by a band of music, to form at the railroad depot, as 
the companies may severally arrive, and escort them, by a short 
route, through portions of the principal streets, to Market Square, 
where a brief speech of welcome will be delivered, and the proces- 
sion immediately dismissed. 

John P. Hobart, Esq., was elected Marshal, with power to 
appoint his aids. 

The following route of procession was fixed : 

From the depot, by Union, Centre, E. Norwegian, Coal, nij.:h. 
Centre, Mahantongo, Ninth, and Market streets, to Market Square, 
when a brief speech of welcome will be delivered, and the proces- 
sion immediately dismiss. 

The committee was then divided into sub-committees and their 
respective duties assigned them, as follows : 

No. 1. — Committee of Reception, to proceed to Reading, or 
farther, at their discretion, and meet the returning troops, — Mt^ssrs. 
Huntzinger, Schertle, Patterson, Whitney, Pitman, Keilly 
and Palmer. 

No, 2. — Committee on Speaker and Music, — Messrs. Little, 
Pott, Fox, Taylor, Foster, Kaercher, and Seiders. 

No. 3. — Committee on Stand and Decorations — to fit up the 
Speaker's stand, and to provide and see to the display oi lligs, 
mottoes, wreathes, &c., along the line of route. 

Subsequently John Bannan, Esq., on the invitation of the 
Committee, consented to make the first speech of welcome ; and 
the services of the Pottsville Cornet Band (N. J. Rehr, Icail'M-,) 



76 The Three Months' Campaign. 

and the Citizens' Cornet Band, were engaged to furnish the music, 
while the ladies went to work to make wreathes for the stand, and 
for decorations along the route of procession. 

The week following the battle at Manassas the Schuylkill County 
troops were ordered to Harrisburg to be mustered out of the service. 
They reached home during the week ending August 3d, and were 
warmly welcomed by the citizens of the County. Every town was 
in accordance with the preparations to which we have adverted, 
gaily decorated with wreathes, flowers, etc. 

In Pottsville, garlands, wreathes, and arches, bearing mottoes 
and expressive of the joy of the people, met the eye continually. 
We never witnessed a series of more exciting and interesting 
scenes than when company after company of weather-beaten^ 
bronzed and toil-worn men marched from the depot up Centre 
street, surrounded by their friends, and amid the plaudits of a 
dense mass of spectatorvS, that occupied the side-walks and steps on 
the route. The companies as they respectively arrived passed 
over a short route, preceded by the Pottsville Cornet Band, and 
finally halted at the Market House, where they were formally 
welcomed home by John Bannan, Esq , Benj. Haywood, Esq., 
and other well known speakers. All united in urging the men to 
be ready to respond in the future, to their country's call, as 
promptly as they did in April, 1861. 

Among the incidents of the return we might mention that at 
Harrisburg Capt. Tower's company received a fine grey uniform, 
the gift of the Captain ; and that the members of Captain E. 
McDonald's company presented him with a beautiful sword, sash, 
and belt, valued at fifty dollars. When the Tower Guard returned 
home, the members of the company wishing to testify their esteem 
and afi"ection for their commander, presented to him a sword 
which for quality of blade, chasteness of ornament, and beauty of 
finish elicited much admiration. The scabbard of bronzed metal, 
bore the following inscription : 

Presented bij the Toioer Guard, of Pottsville, Pa., 

TO CAPT. CHARLEMAGNE TOWER, 

As a token of their respect for him as a man and soldier, and of 
their esteem for him as a friend. August 10, 1861. 



The Three Months' Campaign. 77 

The presentation of the sword took place on the evening of 
August 15th, at the residence of Capt. Tower, Mahantango street, 

Pottsville. 

The presentation was made by Captain Henry Pleasants 
formerly First Lieutenant of the company, as follows : 

Capt. Tower; We have come together to greet you once more here at 
home after the three months' service in which we have been engaged, 
and the many hardships that we have shaved in it with you, in a great 
cause We have come now to make you a marked expression of our 
respect, by presenting to you a sword. This gift, which we de^sire to 
make you, let me say to you, sir, is not intended as a return for the 
many and substantial favors you have conferred on the company ; but it 
i> intended, as is inscribed upon it, as a token of our esteem for you 
personally ; of our respect for you as a soldier and a patriot, and of our 
regard for you as a true and disinterested friend. I am happy that I have 
been deputed to present it, and I now do present this sword to you as 
such a token, in the name of the Tower Guard, of Pottsville. 

Capt. Tower responded in an eloquent and feeling speech, 
during which he alluded to the scenes through which he had 
passed with his men during the previous three months. He paid 
a high compliment to the foreign born population^ which had 
flocl^ed so manfully and promptly, to the support of the Govern- 
ment. 

After the presentation, which was witnessed by quite a number 
of our citizens, ladies and gentlemen, the company was invited by 
Mrs. Tower to partake of a collation, for which the Guards re- 
turned thanks through Capt. Pleasants. Capt. P. subsequently 
entertained the Guards at Pennsylvania Hall. 

The whole affair was pleasant, while the tribute was due Capt. 
Tower for his patriotism and self-sacrificing spirit during the 
early days of the rebellion. 

The following young men of this County, who went out in the 
three months' service, as privates, received during that period, 
appointments in the regular army : Geo. Leib, Louis T. Snyder, 
Wm, a. Bartholomew, Joseph A. McCool. 

A somewhat remarkable circumstance in connection with the 
passage of the Schuylkill County troops through Baltimore on the 
18th of April, to Washington City, is worthy of record and preser- 
vation. The first blood actually shed in the war was that of Nich- 
olas Biddle, of Pottsville, a colored servant of one of the officers 
of the Washington Artillerists, who was struck on the face by a 

7 



78 The Three Months' Campaign. 

missile hurled by a rioter, and cut so severely as to expose the 
bone. He bled very freely and now bears the sear of the wound. 
Negro slavery was the cause of the war, and the first blood shed in 
it by the secessionists, was that of a negro, in the streets of Balti- 
more. A sinp;ular fact. 

When the Potts ville companies passed through Baltimore on the 
18th of April, and reached Washington the same evening, there 
was of course, much anxiety in Pottsville, to have reliable intelli- 
gence concerning their passage through, etc. The first news 
received, was the following dispatch from 0. C. Bosbyshell, then 
a private in the Washington Artillery company, and subsequently, 
J.leutenant and Captain in Col. Nagle's Schuylkill County Regi- 
ment for the war, the Forty-eighth : ^'' 

Washinutcv, April \\)lh, 1801. 
Arrived last niglic. at eight o'cTock — all well. ATjout GOO of us marched 
through Baltimore guarded by police force, 400 strong, All sorts of 
insults and threats heaped upon us. Men stood it without flinching or 
reply. Let all friends of company know we arc quartered in "Northern 
Wing of the Capitol." 

" 0. C. Bosbyshell, 0/jr." 

This dispatch was received on Friday morning, the 19th, and 
relieved the anxiety of the community, in reference to the safety 
of the troops. 

During the three months' service, the following soldiers from 
Minersville, Schuylkill County, members of company I, Fifteenth 
Begiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, were taken prisoners near 
Hainsville, Virginia, on the 2d of July, and were not released 
until June of the following year : John C Hoskin, First Ser- 
geant; Christian Evans, Enoch Morgans, John Morgans, 
John Wooley. 

Early in the three months' campaign, our troops suifered many 
deprivations, but their wants were relieved by the liberality of our 
citizens. Mr. Benjamin Haywood, Hon. James H. Campbell, 
Mr. R. A. Wilder, Mr. John S. Graham, and others, were dis- 
tinguished by their kindness and attention to the suiFering volun- 
teers. We give the following letter which was published in the 
Miners' Journal of May 2.5th, 1861, as an illustration of the 
imperative necessity which existed at that time for the attention 
which these respected citizens and others bestowed on the subject: 



The Three Months' Campaign. 79 

Philadelphia, May 2^d, 1861. 

Mn. Editor : As no doubt many of the readers of the Journal will be 
interested by an account of the condition of the Schuylkill County Volun- 
teers, I would request your perusal of my letter published in the Phila- 
delphia Inquirer of this A. M. 

I have been for some days past brought frequently in contact with 
those connected by fi'iendship or association with the volunteers from 
this City, and Pennsylvania generally, and find from all the same tale of 
neglect,' mismanagement, and peculation. But in no case have I found 
anything so bad as the case of the Fifth, and more particularly company 
C, from Glen Carbon, They were the first men to go along the line, durinrr 
which time raw pork and crackers were their only food. With the aid o! 
Mr. Dennison, a member of the House of Stuart & Bro., I succeeded 
in procuring suflScient funds from a few personal friends to purchase 
and forward to the Schuylkill companies, sixteen dozen underclothing, 
and fourteen dozen half hose of a good substantial character, also some 
smoking tobacco, and have (he promise of receiving in a few days 100 
good flannel shirts from the ladies here. Had it not been for these kind 
and noble " Women,'" it would have fared much harder with those 
Philadelphia regiments now in the tield, the officers of most, if not all 
having had to return and call for their aid. 

At the instance of gentlemen of position here, I made a presentment 
to the Secretary of the Board of Trade, and also to the District Attorney 
that it may be brought before the Grand Jury, and such action taken as 
will explain how such shameless conduct has been practiced on the 
Pennsylvania volunteers. I had almost omitted to mention an act of the 
most prompt and substantial generosity of our mutual friend, B. A. Wil- 
der. Having met him casually on the street this A. ?»L, and in re- 
ferring to my Washington experience, he at once proposed to give one 
hundred dollars, which was immediately expended in procuring some 
necessary food, and sent forward by express. The case of our boys 
would not appear so hard, were they not placed alongside the troops of 
New York, Massachusetts, llhode Island, and New Jersey, and even far 
off Michigan, all of whom are well provided for, not only with necessaries, 
' but some comparative luxuries, such as gum blankets, in addition to 
woolen, and other matters to which our poor fellows are strangers. 

I find the little arrangement called the " Ilavelock " made of white 
muslin or linen, used in covering the cap is looked upon as not only a 
luxury but an absolute necessity, to protect the exposed head and nock 
from the effects of the sun. "Query" — if you suggested the want, would 
not tlie ladies of Pottsville and the County generally set to work and 
fupply the few thousand necessary for the Schuylkill boys? [Our cor- 
respondent will perceive that they have already attende 1 to this matter.] 
A number of prominent citizens of Lebanon went on to Washington la'^t 
evening to look after the company from that locality. They previously 
sent forward a good supply of provisions to meet their iiumediate wants. 
I have reason to suppose the Sixth regiment is much better provided 
for (although far behind the standard of the other States,) in which the 
Pottsville companies form a part, and doubt not the pressure now being 
brought to bear on public opinion by letters from the sufferers to friends 
here and elsewhere, will in a short time compel the lovers of truth to 
find it necessary to change the epithet of dirty Pennsylvanians, now so 
fiammonly used in referring to the soldiers of our S:ate. 

Yours, truly, 

John S. Guaham. 



80 The Three Months' Campaign. 

The deaths of Schuylkill County volunteers during the three 
months' service, were few, fortunately. They were as follows : 

Capt. Riley, of Jackson Guards of Tamaqua, died May lltb, 
1861, in Tamaqua. 

Rudolph S. Small, First Sergeant of company H, Fifteenth 
Regiment Illinois Volunteers, was drowned on the 19th of July, 
in the Missouri River. 

Henry G-. Yeager, aged 21 years, of the Washington Light 
Infantry, of Pinegrove, died June 1st, at Camp Slifer, Chambers- 
burg. 

Frederick Echenbrode, of the German Light Infantry, of 
Tamaqua, died June 15th, at York, Pa. 

David Hughes, of Capt. F. T. Bennett's company, Miners- 
ville, died June 12th, at Branchdale, Schuylkill County. 

John Thomas, of Wynkoop Artillery, Capt. Winlack, died 
June I5th, at the York Camp Hospital. 

George Schreck, of the Schuylkill Haven Artillerists, died 
May 20th, at Washington. 

James S. Sillyman, a returned three months' volunteer (Co. 
H, 25th Regiment, P. V.) died in Pottsville, August 27th, 1861. 
He had an attack of quinsy, which changing to typhoid fever, 
ended fatally. The remains were interred in the Presbyterian 
Cemetery, Pottsville. The Washington Artillery Company with 
representatives from the Haskin Guards and Capt. Martin's. 
Company, attended the remains to the grave, where a touching 
address on the worth of the deceased, was delivered by the Rev. 
Joseph McCool. 

Since our list of patriotic contributions was prepared ; placed in 
type, and "worked off," we have received through the attention of 
a friend in Pinegrove, the following statement of the subscriptions 
of the citizens of Pinegrove and vicinity, for the support of the 
families of the three months' volunteers : 

PINKGROVE. 



George W. Matchin, $100 00 

John Kitzmiller, 100 00 

Lyman Nutting, 100 00 

Levi Miller, 100 00 



Carried forward, $400 00 



Brought forward, $400 00 

Reuben H. Stees, 100 00 

James L. Nutting, 100 00 

John Hoch, 100 00 

Carried forward, $700 00 



The Three Months' Campaign. 



81 



Brought forward, 


$700 00 


Brought forward. 


$1375 00 


John E. Graeff, 


100 00 


Kennedy Robinson, 


10 00 


Edmund L. Tyler, 


100 00 


Christian Ley, 


10 00 


Wm. Graeff, 


100 00 


Henry Sponcake, 


5 00 


Peter Filbert, Sr., 


100 00 


Daniel Emrich, 


10 00 


Daniel Gensemer, 


10 00 


Wm. Forrer, 


60 00 


David L. Brown, 


10 00 


Daniel Reed, 


6 00 


Josiah Jones, 


5 00 


Henry C. Hain, 


10 00 


Wm. L. Reed, 


10 00 


James T. Kendall, 


5 00 


Henry Werntz, 


15 00 


Wm. W. Thomas, 


20 00 


Wm. Claydon, 


10 00 


John H. Cowden, 


50 00 


Frederick G. Werntz, 


20 00 


John Snyder, 


6 00 


Isaac Harvey, 


100 00 


Wm. Lutz, 


20 00 


W. D. Tyson, 


10 00 


John D. Rehrer, 


5 00 


Peter Stine, 


20 00 


Daniel R. Miller, 


25 00 


Charles Molly, 


20 00 


Charles Duehl, 


5 00 


Wm. Zimmerman, 


10 00 


Samuel P. Filbert^ 


50 00 


Manoah Brownback, 


6 00 


Samuel Fry, 


25 00 


Paul Barr, 


20 00 


Benj. Aycrig, 


50 00 


John R. Miller, 


10 00 








Total. 


$1735 00 






Carried forward, 


$1375 00 







This sum of $1735 added to $22,551 48— the aggregate amount 
previously noticed — makes a total of $24,286 48 subscribed within 
a week. Truly, a most honorable record. 

While R. A. Wilder, Esq., the efficient and popular Superin- 
tendent of the Mine Hill Railroad Company, a resident of Cressona. 
Schuylkill County, endeared himself to the soldiers by his many 
kindnesses, he also, found time to devote his inventive genius to 
the service of the Grovernment. He planned and put in operation 
on the road between Philadelphia and Washington a railway 
battery, a formidable engine of war, which did much to protect 
that important communication. He also invented an improved 
rifle-musket, with sabre-bayonet ; and a lance with revolver com- 
bination — a terrible weapon at close quarters. Although these 
last named weapons have not been adopted by the Government, 
yet their merits are admitted by military minds. 

The following additional names of citizens of Schuylkill County, 
who were in the three months' service, have been furnished us, 
since the lists in the first part of the work, were placed in the 
hands of the printer : 

George P. Campbell, Jacob Dreibelbies, John Felger, 
Edward Bock, JohxN S. De Silva, John G. Dengler, Lewis 

7* 



82 The Three Months' Campaign. 

B. EvELAND, in Company A., Capt. J. C. Dodge^ 11th Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, and Sergeant-Major L. L. Bevan. 

Errata. — Page 31, ^'Captain Edward Frane" of Wetlierill 
Rifles, St. Clair, should read, "Captain Edward Farne.'' 

Pages 41 and 72 it is stated that the Union Guards, Captain 
Anthony, were a portion of the Sixteenth Regiment, P. V, This 
Company was in the Sixth Regiment, P. V. 

This completes our record of the service of Schuylkill (>ounty in 
the Three Months' Campaign. A large proportion of the troops 
that returned, at least two-thirds, re-entered the service for the 
War. As soon as they returned. Col. Nagle, Col. Cake, Col. 
Wynkoop, and Col. Christ commenced the organization of regi- 
ments for the three years' service, and succeeded in getting whole 
companies from this County, until its record for the War is quite 
a.s honorable in point of numbers, as it is for its promptness and 
eathusiasm in response to the first call of the Government. 

We now enter upon a record of what Schuylkill County did 
in furnishing soldiers to the Government for Three Years, or the 
War, and for other terms of service; and it is one of which she 
may well be proud. 



THREE YEARS, OR THE WAR. 



Immediately upon the return of the three months' volunteers, 
Colonel James Nagle, Colonel Henry L. Cake, Colonel Ben- 
jamin C. Christ and Colonel George C. Wynkoop, of Schuyl- 
kill County, received authority to raise regiments ''for three years, 
or the war/' Recruiting became active, and during the months 
of August, September and October, 1861, the drum and fife of re- 
cruiting officers were seldom idle in our streets, while their rendez- 
vous were almost as numerous as our stores. In addition to the 
volunteer officers several officers of the regular army were here; 
and did quite a brisk business. We hazard nothing in saying that 
in the space of three months over three thousand men were re- 
cruited in this County. 

Colonel Nagle's Regiment, the Forty -Eighth, P. Y., was 
encamped at Harrisburg, while being organized, and was composed 
entirely, of Schuylkill County companies. 

Colonel Cake's Regiment, the Ninety-Sixth, P. Y., also com- 
posed of Schuylkill County companies, was encamped at Pottsville, 
until November. 

Colonel Christ and Colonel Wynkodp encamped their Regi- 
ments, the Fiftieth, P. V., and Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, at 
Harrisburg. These Regiments were only partially made up of 
companies from this County. 

Single companies and individuals from the County, were scat- 
tered through other Regiments of the State. 

On Monday, September 2d, 1861, the Citizens' Cornet Rand, 
numbering twenty-five members, left Pottsville for Harrisburg, to 
join Col. Nagle's Regiment. 

While Colonel Nagle's Regiment was lying at Harrisburg, the 
"Tower Guard," Capt. Pleasants, of Pottsville, joined it. An 
exceedingly liberal and patriotic act on the part of Capt. Tower, in 
connection with the raising of the Company, merits notice and 
perpetuation. It is thus spoken of by the Harrisburg Union : 



84 Three Years, or the War. 



The " Tower Guard." — On Monday afternoon Captain C. Tower, of 
Pottsville, who brought one hundred and sixty men from Schuylkill 
County to Camp Curtin last April, and attache i them to the Sixth Regi- 
ment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, and who served through the three 
months' service as Captain of his Company, called the "Tower Guard," 
which he uniformed handsomely at his own expense, in that regiment, 
was in Camp Curtin again, and paid five dollars apiece, or $430 in all, 
to eighty-six men who have come there from that County anew, and are 
enlisted, under the name of "Tower Guard," for three years, or during 
the war, in the United States service. Mr. Tower had ottered this sum 
as a bounty, and has now paid it out of his own pocket to men who 
would enlist, as these have done, under the command of Henry Pleas- 
ants, also of Pottsville, his former Lieutenant, as their Captain. This 
Company contains now eighty-nine men, officers and all, being six more 
than the required number. It is attached'to the Forty-eighth Regiment 
of Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. James Nagle, and is made up of young, 
hardy, and in every way remarkable men ; and it has been assigned to 
bear and guard the colors of the regiment. Mr. Tower made a short 
and suitable address to the Company after the bounty was paid. From 
the appearance of the men, and their enthusiastic cheering while they 
listened to his patriotic exhortations, we look to see this Company fore- 
most among the first in duty and skill, and always steadfast and effective 
around the flag of our country in battle. 

We are glad to see such men as Capt. Pleasants brought to command 
our volunteers. We learn that he is a civil engineer of considerable ex- 
perience, and is well educated and intelligent. We could see that he is, 
while modest and considerate, at the same time firm and ambitious; and 
we believe that with such unflinching men as are under him, he will do 
such service to the country as will bring him more worthy notice here- 
after than we now give him. 

In the meantime, the country may well appreciate the services and ex- 
penditures of Mr. Tower, both heretofore and now also, in helping to 
enlist this new Company of rare men under such a Captain as Henry 
Pleasants, to serve until the great rebellion is at an end, and freedom 
shall be endangcied no more. 

In September, the officers and members of the late Sixth Regi- 
ment, P. v., prepared for presentation to their late Colonel, Jas. 
Nagle, a fine field-glass, bearing the following inscription : 

TO JAMES NAGLE, 
colonel 48Tn regiment, p. v., 

From the Officers and Privates of his old command, the late (jth Regiment 

P. F. , as a Tribute of regard for his Gallantry and Patriotism. 

POTTSVILLE, OCTOBER 3d, 18GI. 

The Eegiment moved from Harrisburg to Fortress Monroe, 
before the glass was ready for presentation, and on the 10th of 
October it was received with the annexed letter, by the Golonel, 
at Camp Hamilton : 



Three Years, or the War. 85 

PoTTSViLLE, October 8th, 18G1. 

Col. James Nagle, 

Dear Sir: — A number of your friends, officers 
and privates of the late Sixth Regiment, P. V., commanded by you during 
the time it was in service, desire to present the accompanying field-glass, 
for your acceptance, in token of our high personal esteem, and the ex- 
alted opinion we entertain of your military knowledge and capacity. 

Though your characteristic modesty may shrink from any public 
eulogy of your conduct and services, our gratitude and admiration will 
not permit us to pass them by, without this tribute of affection and 
respect. 

For may years past the military spirit and organization of Schuylkill 
County have been chiefly sustained by your exertions. When the Na- 
tion's honor was to be maintained on the plains of Mexico, you with a 
well disciplined corps under your command, sprang to arms and hastened 
to the field of conflict; in Cerro Gordo's terrific fight you stood calm 
and unmoved amid the leaden storm of death which fell on every side, 
and by your presence of mind and courage saved many gallant men from 
the fearful carnage. 

During the long season of peace which followed the closing of that 
war, in your own quiet and happy home, you faithfully discharged the 
duties of a husband, father and citizen, endearing yourself both to your 
family and the community in which you dAvelt. 

But now the tocsin of war sounds through the land, and her valiant 
sons are called to defend her against foul rebellion's deadly blows. 
Speedily a regiment of your fellow citizens take the field, and confer 
upon you the command. During the three months we served together, 
though inflexibly firm and persistently industrious in the performance 
and requirement of every camp and field duty, yet such was the kind- 
ness of your demeanor, and your tender regard for the health, safety 
and comfort of your men, that we regarded you rather as a friend and 
father, than a mere military commander. 

And now, that you have, at the head of *a Schuylkill County Regi- 
ment—Pennsylvania's 48th— again taken the field at your country's call, 
and may soon be in the thickest of the most eventful battle the world 
has ever witnessed, on the issue of which the destiny of human freedom 
and progress is suspended, we present you with the accompanying glass, 
as well in token of our esteem and admiration, as that your eye which 
never dimmed with fear as it gazed upon a foe, may more readily per- 
ceive his approach and prepare for victory. 

Praying that the God of Battles may preserve you in the midst of 
danger, and return you unharmed to your family and friends, when our 
glorious Union shall be firmly re-established, and covered with still more 
illustrious renown, 

We remain, yours truly, 

Capt. C. Tower, 
Lt. Col. Jas. J. Seibert, 
Maj. John E. Wynkoop, 
Capt. H. J. Hendler, 
Lieut. Theo. Miller, 
Lieut. D. P. Browx, 

And many others. 

To which Col. Nagle replied as follows : 



86 Three Years, or the War. 

Head Quarteks 48x11 Regt., P, V., Camp Hamilton, 

Near Fortress Monroe, October 11 th, 1861. 

Gkntlemen and Buother Officers, Soldiers and Friends: — Your 
favor of the 8th inst., came to hand yesterday, with the beautiful field 
glass you saw proper to forward for presentation, to me. I can assure 
you it affords me much pleasure and satisfaction to receive and accept 
this tribute of affection and respect, coming from those whom I had the 
lionor to command in the three months' service. I always tried to dis- 
charge ray duties faithfully, to the best of my ability, and am led to 
believe that you were all satisfied with my conduct. 1 therefore, accept 
the token of respect you send me, witli feelings of gratitude and thank- 
fulness, and hope I may be able to gain the confidence of the 48th to the 
extent you, gentlemen of the 6th, have expressed in your letter, and 
manifested in your beautiful present. It is a source of great pleasure 
and gratification to me to know that my services have been appreciated 
by the oificers and soldiers of the 6t]i Regiment. In conclusion, allow 
me again to return you my most sincere tlianks for this valuable gift, 
praying with you, that the God of Battles jiiay preserve us in the midst 
of danger, and return us unharmed to our families and friends, after our 
glorious Union shall have been firmly re-established, and the Stars and 
Stripes shall again be floating proudly over the whole of our country, 
I remain, Gentlemen, Very Respectfully, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

James Nagle, 
Colonel commanding 48th Regt., P. V,- 

To Capt. C. Tower, Col. Jas. J. Seibert, Major John E. Wynkoop, 
Capt. H. J. Hendlkr, Lieut. Theo. Miller, Lieut. D. P. Brown, and 
others. 

The first Scliuylkill County Company mustered into the three 
years' service, was the Schuylkill Guards, Captain Horace C. 
Bennett, of IMinersville. It was mustered in, August 28th, 1861. 

On Wednesday, September 25th, 1S61, the Forty-eighth Regi- 
ment, P. v., left Ilarrisburg, for Fortress Monroe, via. Baltimore. 
On the road between Harrisburg and Baltimore a fiendish attempt 
was made to throw the train from the track. Only two of the 
cars were thrown ofi^", and beyond a few bruises, none of the mem- 
bers of the Regiment were injured. 

After the departure of this Regiment for the seat of war, J. T. 
Werner, Esq., of Pottsville, presented to it a fine American 
Flag, which cost ^60. The name and number of the Regiment 
were inscribed in the centre, with an appropriate motto in the blue. 

Col. Nagle acknowledged the receipt of the beautiful present, 
in a communication, of which the following is a copy: 

Headquarters 48Tn Reot., P. V., 

Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe, Sept. 28th, 18G1. 
Editors of the Miners' Journal: — 

Dear Sirs : — I desire to acknowledge, through your Journal, the 



Three Years, or the War. 87 

receipt of a beautiful Flag, forwarded and presented to my Regiment by 
our fellow-townsman, John T. Wkkner, Esq. We feel very grateful to 
him, and return our most sincere tiiauks for the beautiful National Flag 
he saw fit to present us with — the flag we all swore to defend, and I have 
cvei'y reason to believe that the -IStli will do its duty; believing our cause 
just, and trusting in Him wlio rules all nations and armies, we will be 
able to have oiir National emblem once more floating proudly over the 
whole of our beloved country. 

Very Respectfully, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

James Nagle, 
Colonel commanding 48//i R('<jt., P. V. 

On the 1st of October^ the friends of Colonel Henry L. Cake, 
whose Regiment was then encamped on Lawton's Hill, Pottsville, 
presented to him a field glass, bearing the following inscription : 

Presented to 
COL. H. L. CAKE, 

hy a few friends. 

POTTSVILLE, PA., OCT. 1st, 1861. 

On Tuesday, October 1st, the Fiftieth Regiment, P. V., Col. B. 
C. Christ, left Harrisbiirg, for the seat of war. 

Just before its departure, says the Harriahurg Telegraph, the 
regimental colors assigned to them by the State authorities were 
presented by Gov. Curtin. The regiment was drawn up in posi- 
tion of a three squaie, in the centre of which Col. Christ and 
aids received Gov. Curtin and staff. Gov. Curtin at once pro- 
ceeded to present the flag in the name of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. He reminded those who were to march beneath 
its glorious folds, of the sacred trust thus confided to them, and 
assured them of his confidence in their strength to bear aloft, and 
their valor to defend that flag, while there was life in their limbs 
and blood in their hearts. They were going hence on no common 
mission to sustain the aspirations or lust for power of any man. 
They were about to march to no war of conquest ; but called forth 
by the summons of the chief magistrate of the nation, they went 
to maintain and defend their nationality, and evidence the devo- 
tion of Pennsylvania to the constitution and laws of the land. The 
flag that they were about to receive would be the proof of their 
valor and devotion, because upon its folds their record, with the 
names of those who have earned fame, would be inscribed, and on 
the return of the soldiers of the regiment to their homes in Penn- 



88 Three Years, or the War. 

sylvania, the flag would be deposited among the archives of the 
State, as an eternal memorial of the bravery and gallantry of the 
50th Regiment. Was not this sufficient to stir their emulation 
and their pride ? It was, and blended with their convictions of 
duty, would inspire them to the noblest deeds. In these appeals 
Gov. CuRTiN was vociferously applauded by the men of the 
Fiftietli, and when he referred to the fact that while they were 
thus marching to the defence of their country, there were those at 
home plotting treason, the attention of both regiment and specta- 
tors was most profound. Gov. Curtin was explicit in reminding 
the secret traitors that there was a history of treason in the past 
which it would be well for them to peruse and ponder. Pennsyl- 
vania was not willing, while thus giving up her youth and man- 
hood, her physical strength and intellect, to engage in this strug- 
gle, that her reputation should be blackened by the breath of 
treason at home. He was determined that the law should be exe- 
cuted against these as well as the traitors who were in arms, so 
that when peace was proclaimed, all the lurking places of treason 
would be purged and the country forever preserved from its influ- 
ence. This is of course, a very brief sketch of one of Gov. 
Curtin's most admirable impromptu forensic efforts, in which he 
is always so peculiarly eloquent and brilliant. 

Col. Christ received the flag for the Regiment, and returned to 
the authorities of the State his most grateful thanks. He assured 
the Governor that the confidence reposed in the men of the 
Fiftieth Regiment would be one of its incentives to prompt duty, 
and that while there was a man left standing or an arm could be 
raised to strike a blow, that flag should be borne aloft in defiance 
of all the foes that might assail it. It was their emblem of trust 
and confidence, and as such it should be returned to the State 
that had reposed it to their care, with its stripes unmarred and its 
stars undimmed. 

The Tehgrajph states that certainly, no nobler or more enthusi- 
astic set of men have yet left the State, and we confidently expect 
for them all a most useful and glorious service in suppressing the 
rebellion. 

As the Forty-eighth Regiment was the first of Schuylkill 
County's throe years' forces to march to the seat of war, we will 



Three Years, or the War. 89 

now give' the organization of the Regiment as it left the State, 
and the muster-rolls of the companies. Recruiting subsequently, 
added to its strength, and we have embodied all the names of the 
members of the Regiment from the time it was mustered into 
service, ip to the period of preparing this — over a year: 

FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

Colonel.— J AMEB NAGLE. 
Lieutenant- Colonel. — Joshua K. Siofried. 
Major. — Daniel Naglb. 
Quartermaster. — James Ellis. 
Chaplain. — Samuel A. Holman. 
Sergeant-Major. — Charles Loeser, Jr. 
Commissary-Sergeant. — Charles W. Sciinerk. 
Fife-Major. — James W, Sterner. 
Drum-Major. — Abraham Nagle. 
Total, - . 

BAND. 

Staff-Major. -y^vLiAX^ A. Maize. William Lee. 

Leader. — J. W. Souders. Edward L. Haas, 

William J. Feger, James Aikman. 

Daniel Kopp. Frederick Brown. 

John T. Hays. Nicholas MgArthur. 

Charles Hemming. Albert Bowen. 

Levi Nagle. James N. Garrett. 

William Birt. John Airman. 

John Cruikshank. William Hodgson. 

Thomas Severn. Charles Slingluff. 

Charles A. Glenn. William H. Gore. 

John George. C. T. McDaniel. 

John Drouble. H. Wheat. 

Total, ------ 26 

COMPANY A. 

Cap/am.— DANIEL B. KAUFMANN. 
Is^ Lieut. — Abiel H. Jackson. 
Ind Lieut. — Henry Boyer. 
Orderly Serg't. — Benj. G. Otto. 
1st Sergeant. — Lewis B. Eveland. 

Albert C. Huckey. 

William Taylor. 

Milton B. Nice. 
—John J. Huntzinger. 

Francis M. Stidham. 

Peter Zimmerman. 

.John Little. 

John S. Bell. 

John Taylor. 

Joseph B. Carter. 

8 



2d 


a- 


Zd 


It 


ith 


li 


1st 


Corporal 


2d 


(( 


Zd 


(( 


\th 


(( 


6th 


<< 


Qth 


(( 


1th 


(( 



90 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company A, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Oonfimied. 



PRIVATES. 



Airgood, George 
Albright, George 
Betz, William 
Brittain, Elias 
Briegel, George 
Boyer, Thomas B. 
Brondenberger, Charles 
Brittain, Israel 
Berger, William A. 
Betz, George 
Cochran, John 
Cochley, John 
Gummings, B. F. 
Day, James 
Dailey, Patrick 
Davis, Henry 
Deitrich, Jacob 
Dreibelbeis, William 
Dreibelbeis, Benjamin 
Ehrgood, George 
Eveland, James S. 
Eddinger, William 
Eckroth, Samuel 
Frederici, Franklin 
Goodlieart, Charles 
Goodhart, Adam 
Gallagher, John 
Greiger, Charles 
Hummel, John 
Heiser, William F. 
Honsberger, Henry C'. 
Honsberger, Jacob D 
Hein, William Jacob 
Heck, John 
Haas, Jordan C. 
Hessinger, Lewis 
Jones, William K. 
Kuret. Newry 
Kurst,' Willis S. 
Koch, William H. 
Kramer, Coleman Jacob 
Keller, Benjamin 
Koenig, Franklin 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musician, 

Wagoner, 

Privates, - - - 



Liviston, George 
Leiser, Daniel 
Leiser, John H, 
3Iiller, William 
Meek, William 
McGuire, Bernhard 
Morganroth, Levi 
McLean, John 
Meek, James 
Moyer, Samuel B. 
Marshall, Joel 
Millei', George 
Neeley, William 
Neeley, Andrev^ 
N'elson, Simon 
Otto, Isaac 
Pugh, John 
Prigel, George 
Price, Henry H. 
Perry, Richard B, 
Ramer, George 
Reese, Lewis M. 
Rufe, John 
Simon, Frank W^. 
Shickran, Augustus 
Springer, John 
Simon, Morgan 
Schriser, Henry 
Spreese, John P. 
Simons, Nelson 
Steele, David 
Springer, Jesse 
Seltzer, Abraham F. 
Shenk, John 
Simpson, Henry 
Stahlnecker, John 
Stahlnecker, Obediah 
West, Bernard 
Wentzell, Franklin 
Weivils John 
Whitaker, John 
Weiser, Samuel 
Williams, Oliver 
Youser, John F. 

- - - o 

12 

1 

1 



Total, 



105 



Three Years, or the War 



91 



COMPANY B. 

Captam.—J AME^ WREN. 
1st Lieut. — Ulysses A. Bast. 
2d *' — John L. Wood. 
Orderly Serg't. — Wm. H. Hume. 



2d 

od 

Aih 

bth 

1st Corporal 

2d 

M 

ith 

5th 

6/h 

7th 

Sth 



Augusta, Solomon 
Bickley, Charles 
Brown, Joseph 
Barnhart, John S. 
Bush, Bominick 
Bindley, Alfred E. 
Brown, Richard 
Bickert, Sebastian 
Betzler, Clemence 
Bradley, William 
Brooks, Joseph 
Brook, Samuel 
Brennan, Lawrence 
Baker, John 
Collohan, John 
Carlan, Philip 
Corby, Joseph 
Copehand, Henry 
Gamble, Robert 
Connell, Thomas 
Dorsey, Patrick 
Dress, Charles 
Delany, Jackson 
Devine, Michael 
Davidson, Thomas 
Davis, John 
Davis, David J. 
Davidson, Wm. 
Davis, Wm. 
Durkin, W^ni. 
Evans, George E. 
Eiler, Israel 
Freeman, William 
Finerty, Michael 
Francis, Wm, H. 



Thomas Johnson. 
W^M. D. Hughes. 
John G. W, Bassler 
Nelson W. Majoe. 
-Joseph Curty. 
Reuben Robinson. 
Joseph Johnson, 
Andiiew Wren. 
George Evans. 
Jacob Fkeshley. 
Samuel C. Stouch. 
Thomas P. Williams, 



PRIVATES. 



Fritz, Isaac L. 
Gabriel, Edmund 
Hill, Wkj. 
Hoffy, Daniel 
Humes, Matthew 
Heaton, Cary 
Hower, John ^^ 
Heurie, John Caspar 
IIowclls, John 
Harris, Wm. 
Hafling, John 
Humer, Wm. 
Ham, Conrad 
Hunter, James 
Knittle, Frederick 
Krebs, Pharaoh 
Kleckner, Abraham 
Kissinger, Wm. 
Lufte, Peter 
Langton, Peter 
Lamb, Mark 
Lucia, John 
Long, Jackson 
Littlehales, Thos. C. 
Lefller, Jonathan C. 
Moyer, Lawrence 
Molsen, David W. 
Marsdcn, George 
McKerney, Anthony 
McLaughlin, Michael 
Mack, Thos. 
Mayer, Rolandus 
Prince, Elbridge 
Prince, Alexander 
Reese, L. M. 



92 Three Years, or the War. 

Company B, Forty-Eighth Kegiment— Continued, 

Hoot, Daniel Thomas, David 
Rehrig, Joseph • Taylor, Thomas, 

Robson, John Vincent, John 

Rider, James Williams, John W, 

Rush, Adam Wadsworth, John 

Shuck, Paul Ward, Wm. H. 

.Shilterhowor, Nicholas Watkins, John 

Sefrin, Joseph Williams, John 

Stanley, Samuel Williams, Thos. G. 

Schaeffer, Solomon Yost, Philip. 
Schultz, Peter 

Commissioned Officers, - - « - . 3 
Non-commissioned, - - - . - - 13 

INIusicians, ----~__2 

Wagoner, ----.... \ 
Privates, - - ~ -^- - -92 

Total, ------- m 



COMPANY C. 

C'6/^/am.— HENRY PLEASANTS. 

1st Lieut. — George W. Gowen. 

Id Lieut. — Thomas F. Fitzsimmons. 

\st Sergeant. — Ciiaeles W. Erdman. 

"M " William Clark. 

i^d <■'■ Charles H. Miller. 

^th " Oliver C. Hatch. 

Color Sergeant. — Arthur P. Hatch. 

\st Corporal. — David O'Brien. 

2^ " James Hood. 

od " James Gribens. 

4/A " James Clark. 

^tJi " Edward Monagher. 

^th " John Dooley. 

"ith " Samuel Lewis. 

'^th " Obadiah Stollnecker. 

Drummer. — Lewis Howard. 

Fifer. — William D. Williams. 

Wagoner. — Theodore Titus. 

PRIVATES. 

Bowman, Peter Daubert, William J. 

Brennen, Edward Dersh, Henry 

Brcnneu, Mark , Dougherty, John 

Brennen, William Dudley, William 

Burk, Thomas Began, William 

Birt, William Earley, Henry 

Condron, Micliael Eppinger, John 

Conner, James Fitzpatrick, William 

Cummings, Patrick Flagherty, Daniel 

Daniels, Edward Frazer, Albert T. 



Three Years, or the War. 



93 



Company C, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Geiger, Jonas 
Gettler, Barney 
Graham, Gilbert 
Hanahoe, Thomas 
Hurst, Henry 
Hulsey, Wm. H.- 
Hamilton, David 
Horn, James 
Haines, Jacob 
Hatch, George W. 
Henry, Casper 
Hitchings, George 
Harrison, John 
Harrison, Samuel 
Jones, Jacob 
Jones, William 
Jones, John 
Jones, John Wc 
Lowe, James 
Larkin, William 
Liviston, William 
McAvoy, Thomas 
Morgan, Edward 
McFarrell, William 
McGloughlin, Michael 
Merlin, Henry 
Mullin, John 
Murray, John 
McElroth, James 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-Commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Wagoner, - - - • 
Privates, - - . - 



McElroth, Robert 
Murphy, John 
Nicholson, James 
O'Connel, Henry 
Owens, Thomas 
Owens, Edward 
Pickfert, Hugh 
Phalen, Thos. 
Quigley, Lewis C. 
Rouch, Ed. 
Rodgers, William 
Roberts, James 
Rorety, John 0. 
Rudge, Henry 
Richard, Daniel 
Strauser, Solomon 
Smith, Jacob 
Smith, Francis S. 
Scott, Andrew 
Shelby, John 
Toben, Martin 
Toben, Richard 
Thomas, William 
W^oll, John 
Whalen, Thomas 
Walker, Charles 
Weiser, Henry 
Weiser, John 
Weiser, Samuel 



3 

13 
2 

1 

78 



Total, -------- 97 



COMPANY D. 

Captain.— Dmmi. NAGLE. 

1st Lieut. — Wm. W. Potts. 

2d " Charles Kleckner. 

Orderly Serg't. — Henry P. Owens, 

'2d " James K. Helms." 

8cZ " Alex. Fox. 

4:th ** Peter C. Krieger. 

bth ** William Bambrick. 

1st Corporal. — George Ramer. 

2d <' Leonard F. Schrisron. 

3c? «* James Evans. 

4:th •* William Timmons. 

8* 



n 



Three Years, or the "War. 



Company D, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 

bth Corporal. — Peter Fisher. 

Qth " EuwARD Reichard. 

1th " Israel Vancannon. 

^th " Henry E. Stichter. 



PRIVATES. 



Aitz, George 
Ames, Walter P. 
Aurand, Charles 
Brenneu, Sr., James 
Rambrick, John 
Bambrick, James 
Rowmau, George 
Reckman, Pliilip 
Railey, Mattis 
Rreunen, Jr., James 
Rcrkholter, Henry 
Rixler, Elias 
Rixler, John 
Cantner, Philip Henrj 
Derr, John W. 
Derr, Levi 
Derr, John H. 
Dctreich, Jonathan 
Dorward, Franklin 
Derr, Jacob 
Eister, Solomon 
Gi*aeff, Henry 
Gottshall, Iienry 
Grim, Horatio 
Houck, William 
Heibner, John W. 
Houck, Franklin 
Harl'z, Peter 
Hinan, Mattis 
Hunchinger, John 
Hartz, George 
Harris, William 
James, George W. 
Kinney, Thomas 
Koble, Elias 
Kantner, Philip H. 
Kessler, John 
Klock,, Andrew 
Krieger, David T. 
Kline, Isaiah 

Commissioned Olficers, 

Non-commissioned, 

Musicians, 

Teamster, 

Privates, - - - 



Kline, J arret t 
Kline, George W. 
Koons, Joseph 
Kline, Charles 
Koons, Jacob 
Liercett, John 
Lenhart, Edward 
Lindenmutli, Charles W. 
Mangham, James 
Morgans, James H. 
Miller, Charles 
Morgani'antz, Levi 
Nunemacher, John 
Norringer, Albert R. 
Otto, Lotto 
Quinn, Lewis 
Ryan, William 
Rothenberger, Henry 
Reese, William 
Shertle, George 
Sullivan, John 
Smith, William H. 
Smith, David 
Shaeffer, William 
Shaeffer, Mat. 
StcUwagon, George W. 
Seamon, Addison S. 
Spear, Andrew 
Stichter, Samuel 
Tobergty, Augustus 
Ungstadt, Solomon 
Wolf, Daniel 
Whalen, Thomas 
Wildt, Christian 
Weldy, Daniel 
Williamson, Henry 
Werner, Jacob F. 
Walhaller, Henry 
Yarnall, Solomon 

3 
- - 13 

- - - O 

- - 1 

- 79 



Total, 



99 



Three Years, or the War, 



95 



COMPANY E. 



Captain.— 


-WILLIAM WINLACK, 


\st Lieut. - 


-Wi 


LLIAN CULLBN. 


2d " 


Thomas Bohannan. 


Orderly Serg' t 


— Joseph II. Fisukk. 


2d 


(( 


John Seward. 


Sd 


(( 


Johnson Stafford, 


4th 


(( 


Thomas Tosh. 


6th 


<( 


William Trainer. 


1st Corp 


oral. 


— John McElrath. 


2d 


I 


James Brennen. 


M 


I 


Michael Landy. 


iih 


i 


Samuel Clemens. 


bth 


a 


James May. 


6th 


u 


William Clemens. 


1th 


a 


David McAllister 


8ih 


(( 


William Macky. 


Drummer. 


— George Latham. 


Fifer.—Ji 


)HN 


Cameron. 


Wagoner. 


-Jo 


HN McSORELY. 

PRIVATES. 



Barlow, Allred 
Burger, James 
Brown, James 
Becker, John 
Brennen, John 
Bohannan, Michael 
Beddall, Samuel A. 
Breslin, James 
Brennen, Michael 
Brennen, Thomas 
Burns, John 
Breadbent, John 
Buler, Lewis 
Berger, Solomon 
Burns, John 
Coogan, Richard 
Cressou, Peter 
Canfield, Jefferson 
Devine, Michael 
Doe, John 
Dooling, Henry 
Delany, Michael 
Dooly, John 
Duneho, John 
Ervin, James 
Ferguson, John 
Farrel, James 
Greener, James 
Garrison, John 
Griffith, Thomas 
Greiner, John 
Hyland, William 



Henry, Friiz 
Henry, Gottleib 
Jones, John 
Jenkins, William 
•Jefferson, William 
Knight, Elijah 
Lord, Joseph 
Lord, Henry 
Lynch, Patrick 
McLaughlin, James 
Morgan, David 
Morgan, William 
Mercer, John 
Mc Freely, John 
McNeely, Sr., George 
McNeely, Jr., George 
Major, Thomas 
Martin. John 
Murphy, Edward 
Miller, James 
Miller, William 
McGrath, John 
McRay, Ptobert 
McSorby, John 
Morse, William 
McAlister, Michael 
Morgan, W^illiam 
Penman, John 
Penman, Robert 
Poet, Michael 
Purcil, James 
Poet, William 



96 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company E, Forty- Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Patton, Robert 
Rogers, Patrick 
Robertson, William 
Rogers, James 
Reedj, Daniel E. 
Seward, Samuel 
Sunderland, John 
Smith, James 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoner, . _ _ 

Privates, 



Schrader, John 
Simpson, James 
Spousler, John 
Trainer, Alfred 
Thompson, Robert 
Williams, David 
Walker, John 



3 

13 

2 

1 

79 



Total, 



- 98 



COMPANY F. 

Caj^/am.— JOSEPH H. HOSKING. 
1st Lieut. — Henry James. 
2d " John L. Williams. 
1st Serjeant. — John W. .Jenkins. 



2d 


William E. Taylor. 


Sd 


Chas. W. Haines. 


Uh '' 


James A. Easton. 


. bth " 


Henry Reese. 


1st Corporal. — Henry Jenkins. 


2d 


Jeremiah Griffiths. 


Sd 


Wm. S. Redner. 


4th " 


William Hopkins. 


5^/j '* 


Joseph Gould. 


6th 


George N. Douden. 


7th *' 


David GRirnxHs. 


Miisician.- 


—John Lawrence. 


n 


David Fulton. 




PRIVATES. 


Andrews, Jamea 


Francis, Richard 


Adam, Albert 


Glenn, James, 


Brown, John 


Griffith. Edward 


Boyer, Charles 


Haynes, Gyrus 


Brereton, William 


Jones, Francis 


Ball, William 


Jones, William T. 


Devlin, Jr., John 


Jenkins, William 


Dando, Isaac 


Killrain, Michael 


Devine, John 


Labenburg, William 


Dunkerly, Samuel 


Leffler, Jonathan 


Edwards, George 


Lencia, John 


Evans, James W. 


Littlehales, Richard 


Fulton, William 


Ley&horn, Thomas 



Three Years, or the War. 



97 



Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 

Lloyd, Thomas Straw, William 

Mooney, Thomas Starr, John 

Monaghan, Patrick ' Thomas, Thomas J. 

Morrissey, John Thomas, Thomas 

McGee, John Taggart, Stephen 

Morrison, John J, Treisbach, Charles 

Owens, Morgan P. ThDmas, Evan 

Padden, Robert D. Taylor, Thomas E. 

Powell, John Williams, Richard 

Pugh, Edward G. WVlls, William J. 

Paully, James Wallace, Robert 

Phillips, John Williams, William D. 

Quinn, Patrick Wilson, John 

Quinn, Peter Wolff, Daniel S. 
Sedgwick, William 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 
Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - - 12 

Musicians, __-.---2 

Privates, - - - - - - - - 5') 

Total, - 72 



COMPANY G. 

Captain.— VlllLi^ NAGLE. 
\st Lieut. — Cyrus Shketz. 
2d " Oliver C. Bosbyshell. 
1st Sergeant. — Henry C. Jackson, 
2c? " Richard M. Jones. 

3(? *' Robert Smith. 

4:th " Theodore F. Patterson, 

bth " Reuben Reeser. 

1^^ Corporal. — -Tames C. Neis. 
2c? " William Aitman. 

od " Curtis C. Pollock. 

4fA <' Charles F, Kuentzlek, 

bth " Charles B. Evans. 

Qth " George Farne. 

7th " William Martin. 

Sth " Edward H. Sillyman. 

Drummer. — Samuel E. Banghart. 
Fifer. — James Auman. 
Wagoner. — Henry Hablery. 



PRIVATES. 



Atkinson, William P. 
Brennan, Lawrence 
Brennan, Michael 
Brown, David P. 
Briffht, Louis A. 



Beidleman, William A. 
Bell, Joseph 
Brown, John R. 
Berger, Mathusalem 
Becker, John 



98 



Three Years, or the ^YAR. 



Company G; Fouty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 

Maurer, William 
Murphy, Edward 
Mark, Joel A. 
Myer, George 
Mason, William 
Muldowny, John 
McCabe, Edward 
Nagle, Henr}' AV, 
Nash, Patrick 
Nagle, Abraham 
Owens, Edward F, 
Pugh, John 
Price, William 
Quinn, Louis 
Rogers, John 
Jleed, Robert 
Ryan, Patrick 
Reed, Adam 
Raush, Valentine G 
Reed^ Josiali A. 
Smith, John H. 
Smith, William 
Shaw, John 
Stevenson, William 
Sykes, Edward 
Strauser, William 
Schreffler, Monroe T. 
Small, Daniel 
Timmons, Charles 
Toben, John 
Traub, Jr., Gforge 
Wallingham, Jonathan 
Wonders, John 
Yerger, Henry 



Burnish, Henry 
Betz, Joel 
Cummings, Patrick 
Clark, Michael 
Clark, Thomas 
*Clemens, John S. 
Chadwick, James 
Donne, Daniel 
Deihl, Philip L. 
Delaney, John 
Doolin, Henry 
Dentzer, Henry 
Eberly, David 
Evans, Clement 
Flanagan, Edward 
Fame, John 
Freeman, V/illiam 
Galligen, John 
Gillingham, William P. 
Glassmire, Washington J, 
Grace, John 
Govern, Jr., Alexander 
Galligen, Andrew 
Hodgson, John P. 
Hutton, John 
Humble, John 
fHazzard, Charles H. 
Jllardell, William H. 
Jones, John W. 
Kuentzler, John P. 
Krebs, Henry 
Kagel, John 
^Loeser, Jr., Charles 
Muldowney, James 



"John 8. Clemens, appointed Orderly to Col. Nagle. 

-iCharles H. Hazzard, appointed Clerk to Major General Mansfield. 

:S;William H. Hardell, appointed Hospital Steward. 

^Charles Loeser, Jr., appointed Sergeant Major. 

Commissioned Officers, ----- 3 

Non-commissioned Ofhcers, 13 

Musicians, -----.. _2 
Wagoner, --.--_-_] 
Privates, - 78 

Total, - 97 



C 31 P A N Y H . 

C'f/y>/am.— JOSEPH A. GILMOUR. 

Is^ Lieut. WiLLIA.M J, HiNKLE. 

2 J " Edward C. Baird. 



Three Years, or the War. 



99 



Company H, Forty -Eighth B^EGiMENT—Cooitinued. 

1st Serffeant.-^DAyiiBiu D. McGinnes. 

2c? " Samuel M. Rucii. 

3c? " Alexander S. Bowen. 

^th " Thomas J. Rose. 

^th " William T. Garhett. 

1st Corporal. — Chaeles C. Hinkle. 

2^/ " Samuel B, Laubenstein. 

3c? '* James R. Hetherixgton. 

4/A " Raymond A. Jenkins. 

^th " Alba C. Thompson. 

Gth '* William Brown. 

7tk " David B. Brown. 

8th " Joseph Reed. 

Musicimis. — Andrew J. Snyder. 

" Martin Acorn. 

Wagoner. — Charles Kyer. 



PRIVATES. 



Adams, Albert 
Aurand, Lewis 
Baer, John 
Benedict, Jolin E. 
Bennie, Crawford 
Bensteel, Henry 
Berlie, William H. 
Christian, George M. 
Dreibelbeis, William H. 
Davis, William 
Dreisbach, Charles 
Edwards, Richard 
Eberly, Charles 
Eisenhuth, George T, 
Everly, David 
Engel, John 
Focht, Charles 
Fryberger, Samuel 
Fery, Henry 
Forney, Richard 
Forney, Alfred C. 
Hartline, Albert 
Howell, John M. 
Hopkins, Richard 
Huber, William 
HeflFner, John H. C. 
Herbert, Anthony 
Kalbach, John E. 
Kimmel, Valentine 
Krebs, Francis D. 
Lloyd, William 
Leib, Franklin 
Leib, Edward M; 
Mowry, George W. 
Mathews, Henry C. 

L.ofO. 



Kleinginna, John F. 
Kelly, Thomas 
Kohler, Benjamin 
Kimmel, William V. B. 
Knarr, Charles 
Lauer, Daniel 
Loeser, William 
Lloyd, William A. 
Lloyd, William D. 
Lloyd, Horace 
McGuire, Bernhard 
Marshall, James 
Millet, William A. 
Miller, Conrad 
Moser, Daniel 
Mulholland, James 
Metz, Joseph 
Metz, Charles 
Marshall, James 
Metzinger, Joseph 
Nagle, William 
Norrigan, Charles 
Ohnmacht, Daniel 
Petit, Samuel 
Parensteel, Henry 
Reese, August 
Reese, William 
Radelberger, Peter 
Ray, John W. 
Scott, Michael 
Sillyman, Thomas H. 
Schmehl, Isaac L. 
Schilthorn, George 
Sponsaler, John A. 
Shay, Henry 



100 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company H, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Smith, David A. 
Smith, Peter 
Wentzell, James 
Williams, Henry 
Wildermuth, Josiah F. 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, - - - 

Wagoner, 

Privates, - - - 

Total, 



Weise, Joseph 
Wagner, Jacob 
Whitman, Jacob A. 
W inlaw, John 
Weise, Jacob 



3 

13 

2 

1 

80 

99 



COMPANY I. 

Captain.— ZOYm R. PORTERr " 
1st Lieut. — GrEOKGE H. Gbessang. 
2d izett^— Michael M. Kistler. 
\st Serff cant. —B-E^ J Aum B. Schuck. 
2d " Francis D. Koch, 

Sd " Samuel F. Kehl. 

4th " Theodore Pletz. 

6th "■ Hugh Koch. 

1st Corporal. — Edward Shappell. 
2d " Eli McCord. 

Sd " Jacob Ungstadt. 

4th " Harrison H. Hill. 

oth " Oliver A. J. Davis. 

Qth <' Benjamin B. Kershner. 

Tth " Joseph Edwards. 

8^/i " Charles E. Weaver. 

Musician. — Allen Koch. 
" William Faust, 



PRIVATES. 



Arnold, Isaac 
Allebach, Francis 
Arndt, Isaac 
Barringer Josiah 
Beltz, Isaac 
Boone, Alexander 
Beltz, Anthony K. 
Beltz, Isaac K. 
Bachman, Jacob W. 
Boner, Francis 
Bunce, Harrison 
Bachman, John F. 
Boyer, Daniel S. 
Coombe, Thomas 
Curtis, Charles 



Clark, John 
Dresh, Elias 
Douglass, Lewis 
Ed dinger, William F. 
Fisher, Levi 
Foust, Eli 
Focht, Lewis V. 
Furman, Nathan 
De Frehn, John 
Fenstermacher, William 
Gangloff, Jacob 
Gilbert, Joseph 
Glase, Daniel 
Halsey, William 
Hoffman, Benjamin 



Three Years, or the War. 



101 



Company I, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Henry, Frederick 
Heiser, James 
Ilein^ Josiah 
Hoiiser, Barnard A. 
Haldeman, Jonas 
Knittle, Wesley- 
Kramer, Franklin 
Kehl, Elias 
Kretter, Charles N. 
Keller, Peter 
Kramer, Josiah 
Key man, Henry 
Klasc, George 
Klase, Daniel 
Koch, Charles R. 
Kreter, Henry W. 
Kramer, Israel 
Link, Hezekiah 
Leiser, Charles P. 
Leiser, Charles S. 
Moser, John 
McReynolds, James. 
Miller, William 
Moyer, John E. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, . _ - 

Privates, _ _ _ 

Total, " - - - 



Millet, Charles H. 
Millet, James 
Munberger, William 
Owens, William 
Reinhart, Henry 
Reinhard, Henry, 
Reynolds, James 
Reich, Conrad 
Rumble, Paidolph 
Rumble, Jacob H. 
Reigel Franklin 
Schertle, George 
Shulther, Augustus 
Seward, Christian 
Swain, Luke 
Snyder, William Si 
Sassaman, George 
Thresh, Elias 
Trainer, Alfred 
Umbenhocker, John 
Williams, Benneville 
Yv'^eiers, William 
Yost, Franklin 
Zimmerman, Benjamin 



1 '> 
o 



9G 



COMPANY K. 



(7«j3^am.— HENRY A. M. FILBERT. 
'S St Lieut. — Isaac F. Brannon. 
2c? " Jacob Douty. 
1st Sergeant. — Francis A. Stitzer. 



2d 




Patrick F. Quinn. 


Zd 




Thomas Irvix. 


1st Corj 


oral.- 


-Daniel Moser. 


Id 




Thomas Brennan. 


M 




Patrick Hanley. 


4:th 




Francis Jones, 


5th 




George J. Weaver. 


e>th 




Charles D. Boyer. 


7th 




James Moran. 


Sih 




George M. Denglee 


Musician 


. — William Straw. 


a 


Jo 


HN M. Brown. 
9 



102 



Three Years, or the War, 



Company K, Forty-Eighth Regiment — ContLuutd. 



PRIVATES. 



Boyer, David 
Boyer, Peter 
Berger, John 
Burgess, Joseph 
Burke, Peter 
Bausum, Daniel 
Brennen. Michael 
Brawn, John 
Bull, William 
Brannan, Isaac F, 
Brcnnan, James 
Chatham, Joseph 
Clarey, Michael 
Crawford, John Ao- 
Carr, John 
Campfield, John 
Gurry, Thomas 
Carey, John 
Dechant, John 
Dentzer, George- 
Dress, William H. 
Dress, David B. 
Dress, David D. 
Dress, Jonathan 
Dress, William D. 
Dress, Charles 
Day, Albin 
Day, Jam-es, Jr. 
Day, Frederick H.. 
Delany, Michael 
Dullard, James 
Drake, Nelson 
Doubert, William 
Engly, Adam 
Edwards, Richard 
Edinger, Horatio 
Edwards, Edward 
Fonstermacher, David 
Fenstermacher, William 
Fenstermacher, Elias 
Focht, Lorenzo 
Grey, Arthur 
Haertlcr, Christian 



Hendley, Adam 
Houser, Nathaniel 
Harkins, Hugh B. 
Haas, Howard W. 
Kavenaugh, James 
Long, David 
Laubenstein, "William. 
Lowler, Johsi 
Lord, Jesse 
Long, Charles 
Labcnberg, William 
Lawrence, John 
Letierman, Jacob 
"Maul, Lewis 
McKeaver, Philip 
Murphy, John 
Main^, George F. 
McDermot, Henry 
McDonald, James 
Mullin, Michael 
Moser, Daniel 
Omaeht, Daniel 
Payne, Edward P. 
Eeed, William T. 
Richards, Wiiliaa\ 
Ptees, John 
Rabei', John 
Rich. Nathan. 
Simon, Franklin 
Snyder, Frederick W 
Stitzer, David K. 
Shultz, Henv}'" 
Sherman, .John 
Shancly, Daniel 
Starr, John 
Spears, Hiram 
Scherman, Adam. 
Stine, Peter 
Shappell, Edward 
Tobau, Thomas 
Wool, John 
Widner, John 
Weaver, John 



Commissioned Officers', 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, - _ . 



11 

1 

8f^ 



Total, 



101 



Three Years, or the "War. 108 



RECAPITULATION. 

Field and Staff, .-.-._ 9 

ivegimeutal Band, ------ 26 

<.'Ommissioiied line officers, - _ - - so 

Non-commissioned officers, - - - - 126 

Musicians, - 19 

AVagoners, --_,-_-7 

Privates, ------- 793 



Total in Regiment, ----.- 1,010 

In October, 1862, wlien tke Regiment had been decimated by 
disease and battle, having then been more than a year in the ser- 
vice, its strength was reported to us by the commanding officer 
at 467, of which number 357 were fit for duty. 

In September, 1862, Col. Nagle was promoted to the position 
of Brigadier General, and commanded the 1st Brigade, Sturgess' 
Division. The Forty-eighth Regiment formed part of his Bri- 
gade. Its field and line commissioned officers were then as fol- 



Colonel. — J. K. Sigfried, 

Lieutenant €eUnel.- — Henry Pleasants. 

Major. — James Wren. 

Adjutant. — Daniel McGinnes. 

Quartermaster. — James Ellis, 

COMPANY A. 

Captain. — D. B. Kaufman. 
Fir^t Lieutenant. — Henry Boyer. 
Second Lieutenant. — Lewis B. Eveland 

COMPANY B. 

Captain. — U. A. Bast. 

First Lieutenant. — John Wood. 

Second Lieutenant. — William H. Hume. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain. — George W. Gowen. 

First Lieute?iant. — Tliomas J. Fitzsimmons, 

Second Lieutenant. — Charles Loeser. 

COMPANY D. 

Captain.— W. W. Potts. 

First Lieutenant. — Charles Kleckner. 

Second Lieutenant. — E. D. Owens. 

COMPANY E. 

Captain. — William Winlack. 

First Lieutenant. — Thomas J. Bohannan. 

Second Lieutenant. — James H. Fisher. 



104 Three Years, or the War. 



COMPANY F. 

Captain. — Joseph H. Hosking. 
First Lieutenant. — Henr^' Jcames. 
Second Lieutenant. — John L. Williams. 

COMPANY O. 

Cajyiain. — 0. C. Bosbyshell. 
First Lieutenajit. — C. C. Pollock. 
Second Lieutenant. — H. C. Jackson. 

COMPANY H. 

Captain. — J. H. Gilmour. 

First Lieut.-y^m.. J. Hinkle. (Aid de Camp to Gen. Nagle. 

Second Lieutenant. — Summerfield Bowen. 

COMPANY I. 

Captain. — John K. Porter. 
First Lieutenant. — M. M. KTstler. 
Second Lieutenant. — B. B. Schuck. 

COMPANY K. _^ 

Captain. — ^Isaac Brennan. 

First Lieutenant. — Jacob Douty. 
Second Lieutenant. — Francis A. Stitzer. 

On Monday, October 21st, 1861, the Fiftietli Regiment, P. Y... 
Col. B. C. Christ, sailed from Annapolis for South Carolina., 
forming part of the force that on Thursday, November, 7, 1861? 
captured the Kebel forts at Port Royal. A portion of Colonel 
Christ's command was on board the steamer Wmfield Scott^ 
and narrowly escaped shipwreck on the voyage, in consequence of 
the vessel '^ springing aleak '' during a terrible storm. In this 
Regiment there were two full Schuylkill County Companies, with 
a few men from this County in other companies of the Regiment. 
The muster-rolls are as follows : 

FIFTIETH REGIMENT P. V. 

Colonel.— B. C. CHRIST. 
Quartermaster. — Albert Jones. 
Asst. Quarter lyiaster. — John S. Eckel. 
Asst. " Charles J. Needlek. 

Surgeon. — David G. McKibben. 
Drum-Major. — Henry A. Hoffman. 
Fife-Major. — Daniel Koop. 

COMPANY A. 

Captain.— 3. B. BRANDT. 

1st Lieut. — Samuel R. Schwenk. 

2nd Lieut. — Edward F. Wiest. 



Three Years, or the War. 



105 



Company A, Fiftieth Regiment — Continued. 

-Henry J. Alspach. 

Henry Brodt. 

Samuel Schwalm. 

Jacob Zimmerman. 

Daniel Hoffa. 

-David J. Alspach. 

William W. Snydee. 

John Heisler. 

Franklin H. Barnhart. 

John Schreffler. 

Daniel Troutman. 

Simon B. Bleiler. 

Solomon Wiehry. 
Clerk. — Benjamin Fociit. 
Musician. — Jacob Lehman. 

" AViLLIAM J. ScHUCKERT. 

Wagoner. — Joshua Greenawalt. 



Orderly SergU. 


2d 


n 


Sd 


(( 


4th 


(( 


bth 


(( 


1st 


Corporal. 


2d 


(< 


M 


(( 


4ih 


ti 


bih 


a 


Qth 


ii 


1th 


n 


Sth 


(( 



PRIVATES. 



Adams, Nicholas 
Bowman, Gyrene 
Bowman, William F. 
Biehl, Charles 
Ballon, David 
Blanchford, William 
Bixler, John 
Bleiler, William H. 
Bower, John 
Blessing, Gharles 
Bixler, Elias 
Brenner, Jonathan • 
Burns, James 
Brum, Peter 
Garl, Edward 
Clark, William 
Gannon, Martin 
Cannon, Michael 
Dieter, John R. 
Derker, Isaac 
Deibler, Henry 
Delcamp, William H. 
Doubert, Jonathan 
Dawson, Thomas 
Doubert, William 
Davis, Benjamin 
Engle, Samuel 
Ellenbaum, James F. 
Erdman, Augustus 
Engle, Elias 
Engle, Jacob 
Ferree, Jacob F. 
Fuller, John 
Frankhouser, Ch-ristian 
Faust, Jonas 



Feindt, Isaac 
Flinn, Patrick 
Fox, Frank 
Flinn, John 
Grow, Peter 
Herb, William 
Hesser, William J. 
Hartzog, Benjamin 
Harter, Jonathan 
Hoffa, Samuel 
Herring, John J. 
Hoyer, Henry 
Houtz, Isaac 
Herman, Benjamin 
Herb, Andrew 
Harner, Edward 
Herbst, Jacob 
Hoffa, Daniel 
Joice, Patrick 
Kauffman, Philip F. 
Kauffman, Samuel W. 
Kaercher, Samuel 
Klinger, Daniel 
Kramer, Joel 
Kneedler, Gharles J. 
Keiser, Anthony 
Lester, George 
Laudenslager, John J. 
Luhlasser, Jacob 
Lengel, Henry 
Miller, August F. 
Manning, John D. 
Minnich, Elias 
McLaughlin, Alexander 
Morgan, Israel 



9* 



106 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company A, Fiftieth Regiment — Continued. 



McClellan, Robert 
Mochan, Michael 
Millei', Jonathan 
Mellon, Augustus 
Muckenstom, Charles 
Otto, Peter S. 
Osman, Levi 
Osman, Aaron 
O'Neil, Patrick 
Pace, Ptobert 
Raber, John 
Rothermel, William 
Pviegel, Daniel 
Runyon, Harrison 
Reigel, Jonas P. 
Reese, David 
Eahu, Richard 
Scliofstall, Aaron 

Commissioned Officers, - 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, _ - - 

Wagoner, 

Clerk, - - - - 

Privates, - - - 

Total, 



Schearer, John D. 
Straw, Iliram 
Starr, Jacob 

Snyder, Abr'm [discharged,) 
Stark, Jacob 
Schweikert, Emanuel 
Thomas, Edward 
linger, John 
Wenerich, Uriah 
Weisner, August 
Wolff, Isaac 
Weaver, Daniel D. 
Wiehry, Franklin 
Wiest, Philip A. 
Wolfgang, Michael 
"^rVilliams, Andrew 
Wight, Bursey 



i; 



1 
1 

- 2 
105 

125 



Hiney, George 



COMPANY B. 

Hiney, William 



COMPANY C. 

Captain.— J). F. BURKERT. 

1st Lieut. — George W. Brumm. 

2c? " John F. Saylor. 

Ist Sergeant. — William H. Mennig. 

2d " L. Becker. 

3c? " William H. Hiney. 

4,th " James Saylor. 

5f/i " William Hill. 

Ist Corporal. — Augustus Mellon. 

2c? " C. Brown. 

3c? '' D. PtAUDENBUSII. 

Uh " S. LoscH. 

bth " L. Eckert. 

Gth " G. H. Hoffman. 

7th '< R. Bechtel. (Clerk.) 

Drummer. — J. Helms. 

Fifer. — J. Graeff. 

Wagoner^ — L. Schwartz. 



Three Years, or the War. 



lOT 



Company C, Fiftieth Regiment — Continued. 

PRIVATES. 

Bergcr, Elias Knarr, Benjamin 

Bergcr, Augustus Lehman, Josiah D. 

Brisons, John G. W. D. Long, Joseph 

Brener, Jonathan Little, John 

Bergert, Gotleib Long. Lewis 

Brown, Benjamin Lloyd, Thomas 

Brumm, G. W. Levan, Jaaaes K. 

Cake, George Miller, Henry B. 

Deibler, Henry W, Murie, Daniel 

Dsudle, John Moyer, George 

Dunkle, Peter McCollough, Patrick 

Donnar, George McGlann, Daniel 

Eckley, Samuel Molloy, Patrick 

Eckel, Emanuel Marland, Edward 

Emrick, William Mecinstorn, Charles 

Eckert, Isaac Osw^ald, Charles 

Fahl, Richard Oswald, Edward 

Fenstermacher, Frank Oswald, Israel 

Guertler, Jacob Patten, William 

Garrett, Alexander Pugh, Morgan 

Gilbert, Aaron W. Powell, Peter 

Hiney, George Reed, George 

Hoffman, Samuel Ryan, John 

Hoffman, William Scheck, Frederick 

Heebner, George Schwenk, George R. 

Harbst, Jacob Scheck, Jacob 

Hehn, Jacob Simpson, George 

Hehn, Henry Shirk, A. 

Hill, Henry Shaeffer, Enoch 

Handell, Joseph Steinbach, Peter 

Helms, James K. Williams, Alexander 

Keihner, Stoughton Wise, Franklin 

Kremer, Jonas W^. W^ildermuth, William 

Klingner. George Williams, Patrick 

Knarr, Charles W^agner, William 

Commissioned Officers, - - - . - - 8 

Non-commissioned, - - - - - - 12 

Musicians, ------_2 

Teamster, _.------l 

Privates, -- 70 

Total, - 88 



COMPANY E. 
Roberson, Benjamin 



COMPANY F. 

Huntzinger, Lieutenant Albert 



108 Three Years, or the "War. 



COMPANY I. 

Mackey, John Denniston, Jolin 

Gaskins, James Bush, John A. 

Cole, Corporal William Wright, Josiah 



RECAPITULATION. 

Field and staif, - . 5 

Commissioned line officers, - - _ - 7 

Non-commissioned ------ 25 

Musicians, _------ 6 

Wagoners, --.-----2 

Privates, 184 

Total, 229 

On Wednesday, November 6tli, 1861, the Ninety-sixth Regi- 
ment, P. v., then in camp at Pottsville, was presented by Gover- 
nor CuRTiN with the colors authorized by the Legislature of the 
State. The Governor with his staff reached Pottsville at noon on 
that day, and was escorted to his quarters at the American House. 
At 2 o'clock P. M., the Regiment marched from its camp on Law- 
ton's Hill to the Hotel, where the presentation took place. The 
Governor, flag in hand, addressed the Regiment, in substance, as 
follows : 

Col. Cake and men of the 96th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers : — I am here to-day in obedience to the call of this Commonwealth 
to perform the last act which you deserve at the hands of your fellow- 
citizens, before you leave to take part in the great struggle which now 
agitates this once happy and prosperous country. 

And here, I cannot but remember, that it was in this Town and Coun- 
ty, that when the first proclamation by the President for troops was 
issued, men rushed to the rescue and were among the first to reach the 
threatened Capital. How you reached there, your march through Bal- 
timore, the dangers and insults you contended with, are now matters of 
history. 

Here, in this vast assemblage of your friends, neighbors and relatives, 
this ceremony cannot occur without exciting feelings of pleasure and 
emotions of pain. It is certainly, pleasing to this multitude of people 
who surround you, to know that so many men of this County are willing 
to defend, at the peril of their lives, the liberty which you have been 
accustomed to enjoy ; and it is painful for them to separate from you 
as you go into the perils of battle to defend that liberty. And yet it is 
a high performance and a high duty. This Regiment of men was called 
together through the loyalty of the people of this County, in their devo- 
tion to our common country, and through the activity, industry and influ- 
ence of the gentlemen who command it. And I am here to-day, recog- 
nizing you as a regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, about to go into 
th© service of the country, to present to you this beautiful standard. 



Three Years, or the War. 109 

I deliver to you the honor of the State. Is there any man here afraid or 
ashamed to bear the standard of Pennsylvania or recognize its legiti- 
mate authority ? God forbid ! The legitimate arm will perpetuate this 
flag. Thus protected with the coat-of-arms of Pennsylvania in the cen- 
tre of the field, upon which is thirty-four stars, indicating the thirty- 
foui' States of this grand confederacy, I deliver this flag to you to-day, 
that you to all coming generations may declare that confederacy shall 
be of thirty-four stars, and not one less. [Applause.] 

It is written in the law, that when you shall have returned to your 
homes, the flag shall be inscribed with the battles in which your regi- 
ment shall distinguish itself, and then filed among the archives of the 
State in perpetual memory of your deeds of valor. 

It was in Pennsylvania that the fathers of this Government caught the 
idea of liberty, which had agitated the nations of Europe for half a cen- 
tury, and proclaimed it to the world in the Declaration of Independence. 
They gave shape and form to the immortal sentiment, that man is capa- 
ble of self-government. It was in Pennsylvania the Convention sat that 
formed the Constitution under which we have achieved so much national 
glory, and power, and knowledge and so much individuiil prosperity and 
happiness. 

It was on the Delaware, opposite Philadelphia, that the "Stars and 
Stripes " — that beautiful flag of our nationality and liberty, was first 
unfurled to the winds. (Applause) This people have always been loy- 
al to their trust. They have always sustained legitimately organized 
power and government; and they have now testified, by the presence 
of tens of thousands of men surrounding the Capitol at Washington, that 
they will still sustain them, and defend their liberties to the last. 

Yet more : when all means of peace have failed — when all the conser- 
vation of this people has been exhausted — when all that could call our 
erring brethren back to their loyalty, has been essayed in vain — this 
people have declared that if the Constitution must be bathed in blood, 
it must be bathed in the blood of the wicked and traitorous. (Ap- 
plause.) 

And, now, when armed Rebels attempt to tear down this sacred fabric, 
which our fathers established, and which we have reared until it has 
become the admiration of the world, we of Pennsylvania declare that 
liberty shall be vindicated in the blood of the wicked. (Applause.) 

I would not speak to you fellow citizens of Pennsylvania, now on the 
eve of your departure from the State, if I were not authoi'ized to do so by 
law. I speak to you in the presence of your friends and neighbors. 
You look for the last time, many of you, on this beautiful country. You 
see for the last time, the places of your homes where you were born, 
and have passed the days of your childhood, — i\.ye, more ! you separate 
from your mothers, your wives, your sisters, and your friends ; and, for 
all those who surround you, with the dignity of my office and the hon- 
or of the State in my hands, I pray that the blessing of God may rest 
upon you. 

1 feel full of this great question to-day ; my heart is torn when I con- 
sider the condition of my country, my fellow-citizens in arms, and the 
best blood of my countrymen to be shed ! And yet our country has 
been so much favored by Providence, in the hollow of whose hands you 
are, who has done so much for us, that I feel a confidence that his bles- 
sings soon must follow, that disaster and defeat may no more come upon 
us and that truth shall win the final triumph. It is so written in the 
Book of Books. It was so enumerated by our forefathers, and woven 



110 Three Years, or the War. 



into our Constitution itself. It is inscribed in tlie history of the world, 
and is justified by the experience of past generations. And now, as 
then, God will be with the cause of truth. — (Applause.) 

Our native country will be restored to peace ; the traitors who are 
now first to draw their swords against it, will return again to a sense of 
their duty ; and time will lighten all our troubles. What more can I 
say to you? Never will I see many of 3^011 again. How proud would I 
feel at this moment in discharging the great office you have committed 
to me, if I did not know that many of you were to be separated for 
months, perhaps forever, from your friends and all that you hold dear. 

And yet it is a sweet consolation for you, that if you fall you fall 
fighting for the liberty which your fathers gave you ; fall fighting for 
that matchless Constitution under which we have grown and prospered ; 
fall with the tears of your friends and kin to keep alive your memories ; 
fall like brave men, who consider liberty for a single day more valuable 
than a thousand years of bondage; fall in meting out justice to those 
who would strive to break down this Government, and the liberties our 
people now enjoy ; and Avhen you return, as many, if not all of you 
must, thousands of your neighbors will welcome you as they weep to-day 
at your departure. (Applause.) 

Now, as the last act, I commit to you this beautiful flag, and with it 
the honor of the great State you rej^resent. I give it to brave men, 
who will defend it in the field and bring it back with honor. 

At the conclusion of his remarks he handed the flag to Ool. 
Cake, standing by his side, who received it in behalf of the offi- 
cers and men of the 96th Hegiment, and spoke as follows : 

Governor: In accepting this splendid stand of colors for the use of 
the 96th Regiment, I beg to express the lively sense of gratitude which 
we feel. You have done us great honor in coming here to Pottsville in 
order to present to us, in person, the banner of our country — bearing 
upon its Union, in addition to the 34 stars, the escutcheon of our noble 
Commonwealth. 

In times like these it is fitting that the representative of the State of 
Pennsylvania should visit his soldiers, and speak to them the words of 
encouragement and good cheer. We know, sir, that your duties are 
manifold and arduous — we appreciate the magnitude of the task you 
have just accomplished, and if, in this organization we have endeavored 
to lighten your labors, it is because we know of the vexations and trials 
of patience to which you are subjected. Sir, you are the direct ruler of 
three millions of free people. You are their chosen representative. — 
You represent their energy, their prosperity, their patriotism. Out of 
your peaceful household 3'ou have mustered and sent into the field with- 
in the short space of six months, more than a hundred thousand stout 
hearts, and when Pennsylvania's page in the history of this war shall be 
written, it will be pronounced by all men-^it will be acknowledged by 
all men — to be incomparable. The energy and completeness with which 
your herculean task has been accomplished challenges the admiration of 
the world. 

We fully appreciate the honor you do us in devoting (his day to the 
presentation of our colors. It has rendered them doubly dear, and will 
stimulate us in battling for their defence. Simple words serve but 
poorly to convey our deep sense of gratitude, but I speak for nearly one 



Three Years, or the War. Ill 

thousand men when I promise that as long as we can see we will follow 
the flag you have just presented — as long as we can strike we will strike 
in its defence, and if God Almighty, in his infinite Avisdom and justice, 
should decree that we should fall, we will die beneath its shade, strug- 
gling for the honor of our country, our State, and our Government. 

Sir, it is your privilege to proudly boast that you have not only fur- 
nished more men than any other State, but that you sent forAvard the 
very first five hundred to defend the imperiled Capital of our common 
country, and you must indulge me a little here while I remind you that 
this Borough of Pottsvillc furnished you 239 of that five hundred. Let 
"me further claim that Pottsville was the first to oft^er you a company. 
Captain McDonald called his command together on the 11th day of 
April, and we voted unanimously to ofter you our services. The letter 
was written that day, and we were accepted on the 15th. Our march 
through Baltimore en the 18th is a matter of history, and had something 
to do with the fact that Schuylkill County sent you, very soon afterAvard, 
2000 more men for the three months call. AYith y(Tur kind permission 
this Regiment will march to-morrow morning at sun-rise. After we have 
marched, Schuylkill must be credited with having furnished for the war, 
about 4,200 volunteers, not to count several companies enlisted for the 
regular service, including seventy men, which number were recruited 
by" that gallant young Kentucky patriot, Lieutenant Talliaferro, of 
the 5th Regular ArtillerA', 

Sii', I hope you will pardon my going into these statistics ; whatever 
our Borough or County has done, we claim only to have done our duty. 
Our State pride overshadows local vanity, but our love of counti-y, our 
love for the Union, our love for the Stars and Stripes, brings forth all 
our energy, our strength, our patriotism. Upon the altar of our com- 
mon country we are willing to sacrifice all that we are, all that we ever 
hoped to become — life itself. 

Who can do less, and deserve such a country like this to live in ? We 
accept all the chances, all the horrors of a vindictive, relentless war, in 
order that it may be settled for all time to come that the free govern- 
ment of the United States is founded upon the rock of ages. (Compre- 
hending fully the power of the rebellion, we yet have faith that the 
prowess of our arms will be vindicated, and that our fair land Avill con- 
tinue to be the theme of the poet, the hope of the oppressed, the Mecca 
of the world. 

The heroes of the Revolution fought the fight of freedom. The con- 
test for the continuance of the blessings bought for us by seven years of 
blood and Avar is upon us. He Avho Avould shrink, he Avho would post- 
pone the Avork of vindication for his children's hands to do, deserves to 
have had the battles of the revolution left for him to fight. 

Gov. CuRTiN in handing over your elegant present to the color guard, 
let me again thank you on behalf of each member of the 96th. Let me 
also express the hope that you will never regret the confidence you indi- 
cate in submitting it to our care. Let us hope that we may contribute 
something toward rooting out and forever banishing rebellion, and that 
very soon peace and renewed prosperity will again smile upon this land. 
In the field or at home, in Avar or peace, our motto shall ever be, "Our 
country — right or wrong, our country." 

When the ceremony was over, officers and men cheered the 
Governor and flag most heartily — the band performing in a mas- 



112 Three Years, or the War. 

terly style ''The Star Spangled Banner." The Eegiment was 
then marched back to camp, and our distinguished visitors left 
shortly afterwards for Harrisburg in a special train, via the Mine 
Hill and Shamokin Railway to Sunbury, and from thence to the 
Susquehanna. 

The flag presented to the Regiment^ was in dimensions eight 
by six feet. It was made of silk and bound around the edge with 
yellow or golden colored silk fringe, about one and a half inches 
wide. In the azure field was the Pennsylvania State coat-of-arms, 
with thirty-four stars encircling it. The inscription on the flag was : 

" NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT, I\ V." 

The Regiment struck tents on Thursday, November 7th, and 
on the following day marched to Westwood, where they took the 
cars for Washington, via. Sunbury and Harrisburg. 

The muster-roll of the Regiment, with all the additions made 
by recruiting, up to the time of preparing this, is as follows : 

NmETY-SIXTH REGIMEiNT, P. V. 

Colonel.— liE-^RY L. CAKE. 
Lieutenant-Colo7iel. — Jacob Gr. Frick. 
Major. — Lewis J. Martin. 
Adjutant. — M. Edgau Richards. 
Quartermaster. — Charl-es Sailor. 
Sergeant- Major. — John Harlan, Jr. 
Quartermaster Sergeant. — John A. Schweers. 
Commissary " J. J. Dampman. 

Hospital Steward. — John Rodgers. 
Surgeon. — Daniel W. Bland. 
Assistant Surgeon. — Washington Nugent. 
Chaplain. — Rev. Samuel F. Colt. 
Ensign. — John Vanhollen. 
Total, ---.-_ 13 

BAND. 

Priyic. 3[usican. — N. J. Rehr. . H. Wallbridge. 

Drum-Major. — H. K. Downing. U. V. Roeiirig. 

H. G. Wallbridge. J. Ward. 

Christian Ferg. C. Oberlies. 

A. F. Wallbridge. A. Smith. 

C. BoDMAN. H. C. Shoener. 

H. M. Law. J. Bodefeld. 

H, Bodman. J. N. Lauer. 

H. Hoffman. S. H. Parker. 

J. W. Morgan. J. Kepley, 

Fidel Fisher. A. Pfaltzgrap. 

A. B- Wallbridge. C. Trout. 
W. McDaniel. 

Total, - - - - - - - 25 



Three Years, or the War. 



113 



COMPANY A. 

Caj)Udn.—L\ MAll S. HAY. 
1:?^ Lieiil. — William F. Huntzinger. 
2d " J. Albert Saylor. 
l.s-^ Sergeant. — Ernst Sauerrrey. 
2(1 " Edward Thomas, 

Zd " Charles F. Hoffman. 

Atli " Frank >ST:>rpsoN. 

iith " Jonas M. llicn. 

l.-it Corporal. — Mark Walkkr. 
2d •' Henry Gearing. 

?yd -' Thomas G. Houck. 

4//i " Frank Hanley. 

')th " Alexander Smith. 

Olh *' William Britton. 

7//i •' John Stodd. 

Slh " .John Donegan. 

Musician. — George Wertley. 

" Edward Niese. 

Wagoner. — Warren Crosland, 






rUIVATES. 



I>ai'tliolomew, James 
Brazer, Georo-e 
Brovrn, William 
Bcyaon, William 
Bownwell, George 
Breunen, Bicliard 
Boyer, Henvy C. 
Brovn, Thomas 
Bevdanler, .JoLni 
Breiinan, Francis 
Cairoll, Michael 
Charlton, William 
Dress, WiUiam 
Daniels, William 
Dampman, Dallas 
Dampman, Jonas J. 
DeCoursey, George 
Denglev, .Joseph F. 
Dewald, Jacob M. 
Dufer, Luibev 
Dentzer, John 
Donegan, James 
Edwards, William 
Ehert, Edward 
Endly, -John 
Ellis, John 
Frazierj John 
Fenstermacher, Edward 
Farr, Thomas 
Ferry, John 
Gloss, Elijah 
Garragan, John 



10 



Grieff, Charles H. 
Gee, Joseph 
Gould, William 
Goldsworthy, .Joseph 
Garber, August 
Gloss, Levi 
Hartline, John 
Higley, John H. 
Hoffman, Leybrand 
Hariline, Daniel 
Henry, Emanuel 
Hayes, EdAvard 
Holistcr, James 
Hanley, Thornton B. 
Hendley, John 
Hocpstine, .Jaro.cs 
Hess, James K. 
Hummel, John 
Ray, William E. 
Jones, Gomer 
Jones, John 
Kisswick, Samuel 
Kinzi, Caleb 
Ivleininger, .John 
Kemp, Edward 
Leary, iMichael 
LindenuniLh, Daniel 
Lindeninutb, Joseph 
Lord, William F. D. 
Laferty, John 
Linneu, Edward 
Larkin, Michael 



114 Three Years, on the War. 

(JoMi'ANY A, Ninety-Sixth Jxeguient— Con lu need. 

Larkin, William Rigg, Robert T. 
Ledicli, Jacob " RclkI, John 

MoiTcll, Mathcw Redcay, Charles J. 

IMcnnig, George AV. liefraw, August 

Maddisoii, John .Stonefield, 

McCoy, Daniel Simpson, John 

McCormlck, Edward Simpson, Ilcury 

Mc(;innis, James 1'. Smith, Edward 

Nash, Michael Sterling, John 

Noatheimer, Henry Strouse, Frank 

Xugcnf, Chancy K. Smith, William 

Nugent, Hugh B. Smith, Tervence F. 

O'Donald, James Tomplin, Emanuel 

Omar, John Thou^pson, John 

Poits, Clement D. Welsh, David 

Prichard, David \Veand, William 

Propts, John Wade, Frederick F. 

Reichard, Henry Waruick, Henry 

Rico, Sylvester C. Ward, John 

Rodgers, Alexan.lcr Yost, Nicholas 

Kodgers. Jolui Zerbe, Charles 
Rcinhard, Henry 

Commissioned Ofiicors, _...__ ;j 

Non-commissioned Othccrs, - - - - L3 

Musicians, -_-____ 2 

"Wagoner, ----.__ i 

Privates, ---.___ 107 

Total, ------- ]2G 



COMPANY B. 

Capfain.—VETEll A. FILBERT. 

lf<( Lieut. EUNKST T. Ej.LElClI. 

•^.(/ " Levi Hunr.u. 

list Scryrunt. — John Van Hollex. 

'Id " LkWIS Luf'KlXBlLL. 

'')d " Charles J. Siiokmakek. 

Ath " John A. ScinvEEUS. 

blh " 1'at:l H. Bark. 

\st Corporal. — David Hiber. 
'Id " Daniel Bonawit/,. 

;>r/ »' Jacor C!i:iKR. 

4//i "' Erasmis W. Rkki). 

'>(lt, " Frederick A. Snyder. 

i'jth '• Gregory Rotiiman. 

liJi " Frederick Kline. 

8//i " Edward T. Jones. 

Alusician. — William Lehman. 

JOSEI'H Keelei!. 
Clerk. — Frederick E. Stees. 
Wagoner. — JosEi'ii Schwartz, 



Three Years, or the War. 



115 



Company B, Ninety-Sixth Eeciiment — Continued. 



rRIVATES. 



Adcock, WiHiam 
Aich, Jo-sepli 
Bast, Charles 
Jjonavfitz, John 

lireitigan, 

IJell, Samuel 
Bridegum, Franklin 
]>ower, Joseph 
Bcrdania, John 
Braunan, Martin 
Brenner, Peter 
Bonawitz, Jacob 
Bast. Jacoh 
Berger, Charles W. 
r)rown, Thomas A. 
r>ucher, Andrew 
Birckenbach, Jr., John 
Britten, William 
Barr, Peter 
])anner, Joseph 
IHeckle, Michael 
(jlemens, William 
Clemens, Peter 
Christ, Jacob 
Chaundy, Charles 
Cary, Martin 
CoUahan, John 
Dubbs, Alexander 
L>ubbs, Victor 
Dorschki, August 
Ecker, Henry 
Eick, Joseph 
Fritz, William 
Fessler, Joseph 
Fessler, Irwin 
Filbert, William H. 
Fry, Henry A. 
Ferst, Henry 
Fertig, Reuben 
Fisher, Joseph 
Gnoreck, Jacob 
Glennan, Andrew 
Goebell, Richard II. L. 
Gropsen, John 
Grosz, Nicholas 
Herbert, John 
Ilehn, Heni-y 
Ilartenstein, Henry 
Harvey, John E. 
Harvey, Franklin 
Hardenack, John 
Huber, Jr., Jacob 



Hornisli, John 
Reefer, Henry I. 
Kutz, William 
Kotchin, Lewis 
Keesey, James 
Kciffer, Jacob H. 
Kterclier, Reuben 
Luekinbill, Marcus 
Leffler, William A. , 
Lewis, John 
Litman, Bernhard 
Lambert, MathcAV 
Langben, George 
]\IcNulty, Cornelius 
3lcMannmin, Peter 
]McGarrity, John 
McOnenny, Peter 
ivlcDonnel, John 
McGirr, James 
Martin, Andrew 
Matten, John 
Mangold, William 
Martin, Daniel 
jNIoyer, Solomon 
Mennig, Jacob L. 
Mennig, Joseph 
Moreheiser, Joseph 
Miller, Charles 
Miller, Ileni'y 
Miller, John 
Nagle, George 
Oarther, Jacob 
Owens, James 
Oarther, Henry 
Oestreich, Moritz 
Purcel, John 
Rahn, Richard 
Reiweld, William 
Reed, Isaac 
Rishel, Reuben 
Reed, John 
Heed, Israel 
Reinoehl, William B 
Redinger, Peter 
Remer, George 
Reinhard, Ferdinand 
Scanlcn, Thomas 
Shawnessy, Michael 
Snyder, Jacob B. 
Shirk, William 
Sterner, Henry 
Sterner, Jeremiah 



116 



Three Years, or the "War. 



Company ]5, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Sterner, JosepL 



►sterner, .Joseph 
Seigel, Frederick 
Seiber, Frederick 
Snyder, William li. 
Seiberi, ("brislian 
Thornisli, Jolin 
Tomas, Charles 
Tovey, William 
Umbenliauer, Charles F. 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned, Officers 

Musicians, 

Clerk, - - - - 

Teamster, 

Privates, - - _ 

Total, - 



Vaughn, Francis 
Wolf, August 
Wanner, Jacob 
Wolf, Levi 
Wlke, Albert 
Williams, Charles 
W^etzell, John 
Zimmerman, Henry. 



1 

1 
119 



130 



COMPANY C. 

Cajytain.—WllAAA.U H. LESSIG. 

First Lieutenant. — Isaac E. Sevkkn. 

Sccojid Lieutenant. — Samuel R. Kusskl, 

\st Sergeant. — Edwin L. Sevj'^rx. 

2.d " Alkxander Allison. 

od '' William Buckley. 

4M. " * Louis A. Bruns. 

^th and Quartermaster's Sergeant. — ITf.nry Fisher. 

1st Corporal. — William' Freast. 

2c? " Jacob Eptikg. 

3c? '• James B. Oliver. 

Ath " David Williams. 

bth " David E. Rishel. 

6/A " HuoH Stevenson. 

lih " Thomas Hilton. 

%th " George W. Holdbe. 

Drummer. — Elias B. Trifoos. 

Fifer. — Stephen Jones. 

Wagoner. — John H. H. Hanlev. 

Clerk. — Edward J. Philips. 



PRIVATES. 



Allison, John 
Alles, John 
Allen, John 
Ashworth, .Joseph 
Billey, John 
Balliet, John W. 
Beadle, Joseph 
Braunagan, iVrthur 



Brennan, William 
Bishop, Sylvan us 
Bast, Charles 
Beadle, William 
Bocam, Louis 
Boyd, James 
Brobst, .Jolin 
Burns, Patrick 



■ 'H^ 



Three Years, or the War. 



117 



Company C, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Confinued. 



Croslaiid, John J. 
Curry, Martin 
Curry, Jolm W. 
Diudorff, Nicholas 
Delgar, George 
Davis, David 
Davenport, William 
Davis, John 
Davis, Samuel 
Farrel, George W. 
Frazer, Jolin 
Fisher, Samuel 
Fisher, Charles 
Foltz, George W. 
Fox, Charles C. 
Flaney, James 
Groatman, Henry 
Garis, Thomas 
Hay, William 
Haley, Bryrni 
Hartman, John 
Hober, Joseph 
Hall, John W. 
Jennings, James 
Jones, Jenkin 
Kluck, John F. 
Knittle, Francis 
Kind, William 
Kuhns, David 
Kane, Oiristopher 
Lafferiy, James 
Lj'nch, Hugh I. 
Miller, William. 
Matz, Franklin 
iSIcMinnzie, Saul 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoner, _ . _ 

Clerk, - - - - 

Privates, _ - - 



Milnes, William 
Merker, Amos 
Madara, William 
McCaffrey, John 
McAndrew, Edward 
Moore, John 
Noble, John 
Nimelton, John 
Oliver, Thomas 
Paul, John 
Hittman, Henry 
Ptichter, August 
Rarig, Joseph 
Reagan, Patrick 
Rishel, Reuben 
Radburn, Thomas 
Saylor, Charles 
Shelly, Charles 
Smith, Augustus 
Saylor, Jacob, 
Suddon, John 
Saylor, Emanuel 
Saylor, George 
Sipe, Martin 
Stubblebine, Henry 
Spence, Martin 
Smith, Boas G. 
Schollenbevger, Gabriel 
Simpson, John 
Thomas, Edward 
Thomas, David 
Yost, Alexander 
Williams, Thomas 
Watts, Perry 
Wolfinger, James 

- - - 3 
13 

2 
1 
1 

86 



Total, 



- 106 



COMPANY D. 

Copfam.— JOHN T. BOYLE. 
First Lieutenant. — Zaccus P. Boyer, 
Second Lieutenant. — John T. Hammer, 
1st Sergeant. — Amos Forceman. 
2c? '' Ira Troy. 

10* 



118 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company D, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 

od Sergeant. — Charles Beaumont. 

Aih '' Ezra Hendley. 

Commissary Sergeant. — William Henry. 

Isi Corporal. — George Leech. 

2(/ '• William Hart. 

Zd " James Sands. 

^th <■'• James Scofikld. 

oth '■'• Thomas D. Price. 

Qth "• James Gougii. 

1th " George \V. Thompson. 

8M " William Morris Lasuorn. 

Clerk. — Michael A, Welsh. 

Drummers. — John Price, Robert L. Wright. 

Wagoner. — William McGlone 



PRIVATES. 



Adcock, Williftiii 
Boyle, Jolm 
Becker, William 
Becker, Jonas 
Burton, Charles 
Black, Jolm 
Campbell, ThoiuHH 
Campbell, William 
Comefort, Kyram 
Cooper, William 
Cunningham, John 
Carr, John 
Corby, William 
Douden, Frank N, 
Davis, Edmund 
Daughertj. John 
Doyle, James 
Evans, David 
Edwards, David 
Ferfay, Peter 
Freel, Edward 
Fredericks, Samuel 
Farrel, Joseph 
Grant, Thomas 
Greenwood, John 
Hannum, J. T. 
Hart, Elijah 
Hart, Jacob 
Heitaer, Frederick 
Hughes, James 
Henry, Edward 
Jones, William P. 
Jones, Enos 
Jones, Thomas 
Jones, William 
Kenley, William 

Commissioned Of&cers, 
Non-commissioned Officers. 



^Kepler, George 
Kelly, Luke 
Krauch, Jacob 
Llewellyn, Gomer 
Lewis, David 
Morgan, John 
Moyer, William W. 
Morgan, Thomas 
Morrisey, Patrick 
Mort, John 
Moffit, William 
Mason, Edward 
McGlone, John 
Moyer, Milton 
Newton, Charles 
Prasser, William 
Purcell, Dennis 
Peckman, Henry 
Reese, Thomas 
Ritzel, George 
Stewart, John 
Seitzinger, Samuel 
Sands, Michael 
Symons, George 
Shuttleworth, Thoma; 
Shooclin, Cornelius 
Tliomas, Walter 
Thomas, George A. 
Vanderslice, Jones 
Walters, Elias 
Walters, Jonathan 
Wolff, Daniel 
Williams, John L. 
Williams, David D. 
Williams, Thomas D. 
Wickersham, Thomas 

o 
- - - - o 

13 



Three Years, or the War, 



119 



Company J), Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Clerk, 
Musicians, 
AVagoner, 
Privates, 

Total, 



1 
o 

1 

72 

92 



COMPANY E. 

C^j9^am.— JAMES RUSSELL. 

First Lieutenant. — John S, Oijerrexdek. 

Second Lieutenant. — John F. Robins. 

Is^ Sergeant. — Charles C. Russel. 

2d " Philip W. Cool. 

3c? " Thomas H. Reed. 

4th " William Mayberry. 

6th " Evan Thomas. 

1st Corporal. — William Whitebread. 

2d " John Kelly. 

3(/ " Nathan Santee. 

4th " Edward Moncton. 

bth " Henry Quinn. 

6th " Stephen Horn. 

7th " William W. Cares. 

8^A " William Zigler. 

Musicians. — John Waters, George Sterling. 

Wagoner. — John Augustine. 



PRIVATES. 



Aixler, Jolin A. 
Ayres, James B. 
Black, John 
Burkhart, Cyrus 
Brennau, John P. 
Brennan, John D. 
Boyer, Reuben 
Best, Henry S. 
Balliet, Reuben 
Balliet, John 
Bar, William 
Bennie, William 
Balliet, Josiah 
Crowley, John 
Comerford, Thomas 
Carey, Martin 
Davis, Samuel 
Dunn, Patrick 
Frantz, Lewis, 
Frederick, Lewis 
Foley, John 
Fletcher, Herbert 
Fry, Emanual 



Fry, Ferdinand 
George, William 
Geinen, Thomas 
Gross, Stephen 
Getikee, Charles 
Hoffman, Henry 
Hettinger, Aaron 
Howard, David 
Huber, Joseph 
Hamer, John H. 
Johnson, Asberry 
Jarrard, Joseph W. 
Jones, Jacob 
Kuhns, William H. 
Klinger, Albert 
Kirk, William 
Keener, Eli 
Kemp, Francis 
Kramer, Zacharias 
Lukenbill, Morgan 
Seiwel, Samuel 
Schleppy, Abraham 
Smith, Jacob 



120 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company E, Ninety Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Mumaw, Samuel 
Mackey, Michael 
McGinues, James P. 
Merril, John 
Muldowney. James 
Miller, John 
Mitchel, Benjamin 
McColl, Daniel 
McAftee, Samuel 
Nicholas, James 
Naughtou, Michael 
Naughton, John 
Oberrender, John N. 
Oplinger, Edward 
Onspoch, Edward 
Fallen, Charles 
Painter, John S. 
Pope, John 
Roth, Henry 
Russel, James S, 

Commissioned Officers, - 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - _ 
Wagoner, - - _ . 
Privates. . _ . 



Ptamsey, William S. 
lliley, William 
Spohr, Nicholas 
Shearer, Cyrus 
Steigner, Adolphus 
Smith, Peter 
Sharp, William 
Schollenberger, Gustavus G. 
Stookey, William E. 
Sands, James 
Trout, William 
Vogel, Otto G. H. 
Wallen, Daniel 
Woodring, Daniel 
Weigner, Henry 
Woodring, Jacob W. 
""Weaver, Jeremiah 
Whitebread, Mark 
Woodring, Jeremiali 
Yosty Joseph 

3 

- 18 
- - _ »> 

- 1 

86 



Total. 



- lOi 



COMPANY F. 

Captain.— SO^Y^VR ANTHONY. 
First Lieutenant. — John Dougherty. 
Second LiexUenant. — Charles Dougherty. 
1^^ Sergeant. — Michael Boland. 



'Id 

Sd 

4th " 

5tk " 

Ist Corporal. 

2d 

Qd 

Alh 

Gth " 

Gth '- 
llh " 



Dennis Carrol. 
James Casey. 
John Brennan. 
Thomas Tremble. 
-Thomas Tracy. 
Phillip Reilly. 
PvicHARD Walsh. 
Robert Borland. 
James Brady. 
William McAllister. 
Aaron Williams. 
Patrick Sullivan. 



Musicians. — William Moorhead, Solomon Spohn 



PRIVATES. 



Anspach, Edward 
Ary, Michael 



Boren, Michael, 
Boren, Daniel 



Three Years, or the War. 



121 



Company E, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Boren, Thomas 
Barnes, George 
Barnes, Anlliony 
Blizzard, Francis 
Barry, Uriah 
Boyle, John 
Britt, Edward 
Brown, David T. 
Broms, John 
Curtin, Patrick 
Cavanaugh, Michael 
Carrol, Micliael 
Cowley, Samuel 
Connery, Michael 
Curtin, Timotliy 
Curry, Thomas 
Daneen, Jerry 
Durkin, James 
Dunnigan, James 
Buyer, William 
Booley, Patrick 
Donahoe, John 
Ferrence, Jr., Patrick 
Faust, Daniel 
Fell, Bonaparte 
Ford, Edw^ard 
Flemming, M, 
Glacken, Hugh 
Glennon, Patrick 
Glennon, Andrew 
Gouldin, Philip 
Healy, Sr., John 
Healy, Jr., John 
Hamburg, Martin 
Horan, Bernard 
Harris, Francis 
Hifferon, William 
Higgins, John 
Healy, John 
Hartness, Jeremiah 
Hauly, John 
King, Daniel 
Kirk, William 
Kennedy, Patrick 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Priyates, , - _ 



Keating, James 
Kain, Rodger 
Kavanah, Michael 
Lee, George 
Leary, Michael 
Moorhcad, Edward 
Marshal, IMiomas 
Martin, Andrew 
INIcCole, Daniel 
Moran, Micliael 
Moran, William 
McBride, Michael 
McKall, Luke 
Martin, Patrick 
Marshal, Alexander 
Muldowney, James 
Mathew, Bernard 
Maddock, Sylvester 
Manates, William 
Nevins, Patrick 
O'Donnel, Doniinick 
O'Donnel, John 
Philips, Edward 
Purcell. James 
Purcell, Thomas 
Powers, Patrick 
Quinn, John 
Quirk, William 
Kuddy, James 
Ryan, Michael 
Ryan, Lawrence 
Simpson, John T. 
Smith, William 
Shere, Edward 
Sweeney, Daniel 
Shonelin, Cornelius 
Salmon, John 
Shilds, Edward 
Thomas, Thomas 
Tremble, John 
Whelan, James 
Ward, John 
AV'ard, Patrick 
AVelsh, John 



10 



92 



Total, 



110 



122 



Three Years, or the War. 



COMPANY a. 

Capimn.—JX^lES N. DOUDEN. 

Mr.ft TAeiitenant. — Jacob W, Haas. 

Second Lien tenant. — A. S. Fesio. 

\st Sergeant. — Frank N. Doupen. 

2.rl " John' Wtllfams, 

o(/ " J.vcon Allvord. 

Ath " Benjamtx 1>. Wacneu. 

5/A *' William H. Fesig. 

^st Corporal. — Amos Kx'xtzleman'. 

"Id " JoxATiiAX Bear. 

'•\d " Jacob K. Buehler. 

Ath " Henry Ki?iseu. 

^>th " John C. Gratz. 

C)th " Alfred I). Hans. 

7//> " Lafayette Billk;. 

8/A " James .Al, Feree. 

Muslriitnf. — James Zi'lich, Joseph WonKMAN. 

Wiigoner. — Nathan Her:?. 



nUVATES. 



Ijfido, Julian 
Blnnch, Edward 
I'orkelb.ach, John 
(^oley, v^aimiel 
Foj. Lewis L 
Grim, John L. 
Gloss. John 
Goodfellow, John 
Heebner, George 
Harrison, Frank 

Commissioned Officers. 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Vfagoner, _ _ _ 

Ihivates, _ - _ 



Kellegher, John 
McCormick, John 
Nice, Jacob 
Reynolds, William 
Sell, Fred 
Strawser, Abraham 
Senger, Peter 
Thompson, William W 
Trifoos, ^L'lrks 



18 



1 

19 



Total, 



88 



[The nuijority of the privates In this company was from Berks 
and Dauphin counties — Editor.] 



C O ,M P A N Y H . 

Or;>/(7m.— CHARLES D. HIPPLE. 
First Lieutenant. — Henry Royer. 
Second Lieutenant. — William J. IVLvrtz. 
1st Sergeant. — Wn-LiAM E. Reilly. 
'Id " "William H. Davis. 

.8 J " Jacob Bru baker. 

Ath " Georoe E. Hughes. 

0//) " Joseph S. Johnson. 



Three Yeaks, or the War. 



1 *^'^. 



CoMrANY H, Ninety-Sixth IIegiment — Continued, 

\st Corporal. — Damkl V>. Hartlink. 

2d " HkNRY F. HUXSICKEU. 

'Sd " John S. Kkelv. 

i(h " John ^l. Huciiks. 

iifh " John K. Ekhnslkh. 

G/A " (^'iiARLEs 8. Colt. 

7th " JosKi'H Monday, 

Sth " CollNKLlUS McNuLTv. 

Musicians. — Fuanos IIked, Ciiakles Yost. 
]Vaff07icr. — CoNiiAU Boiidei.. 



PRIVATES. 



Alvord, David 
Ashenfelter Jr., William 
Britton, ^Villiam 
Brennau, Martin 
Brassington, James 
Brobst, Samuel 
Brobst, John 
]5ickel!iia7i, Napoleon 
Bower. Nicholas 
Bidle, Christian 
Bordel, Adam 
Boyer, John 
Conrad, Emanuel 
Cavenaugh, John 
Carl, James 
Callen, Patrick 
Campl)ell, Daniel 
Cunningham, Terrence 
Cosgrove, Mathew 
Carrol, James 
Caligan, John 
Cartield, John 
Crossland, William 11. 
Conrad, Edward 
Conrad, Komanus 
Clancy, Morris 
Cleary, John 
Davis, Richard 
Delaney, Dennis 
Davis, Daniel 
Dull, George AV. 
Donnelly, John 
Evans, William S. " 
Engle, Daniel 
Evans, Richard 
Erdman, Jonathan 
Evans, John E. 
Fisher, Anthony 
Fell, Patrick 
Fox, William 11. 
Friecc. Peter 



Fink, John H. 
Fell, Charles 
Fuller, John 
Faust, Daniel 
Cee, Joseph 
Gross, Jacob 
Garber, Thomas 
Grater, Piiilip 
Haldeman, Joseph T. 
Hudson, Edward 
Haus, Michael 
Hasset, Joliu 
Haley, John 
IIale3% Charles 
Hoy, Frederick 
Hillcgas, Charles W. 
Hoi'n, William 
Hendricks, Benjamin K. 
Jenkins, David W. 
Kacrchcr, Pteuben 
Kline, Charles 
Kaercher, Daniel 
Kennedy, Joseph 
Kelly, Martin 
Koons, Ilcni'y P. 
Kistler, Levi 
Kimmel, Hiram 
Kenley George 
Lehman, John M. 
Lettich, Jacob 
Lutz, Henry H. 
Lampblock, David 
?iJeck, Richard 
McDonald, Patrick 
Manear, William 
Moscr, Ephraim 
Mallon, Patrick 
Morgan, Thomas L. 
Morgan, Thomas 
Macknet, Albert H. 
Mattis, Daniel F. 



124 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company H, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Miller, Jeremiah 
^Murphy, James 
Mellon, David 
^liller, Aaron 
McCormick, Micliael 
Netherwood, AVilliam 
Ortner, William 
Pasco, Joseph 
Quinn, Patrick 
Schanty, Charles 
Seifert, Henry 
Seiver, Christian 
Strouse, Francis 
Sterner, Joseph 
Shissick, Samuel 
Stidham, John F. 
Sentman, John 
Shunk, James 
Shone, John 
Sherry, Frederick 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoner, - - - - 

Privates, _ - - 

Total, - 



Sponsaler, William 
Snyder, Joseph 
Trout, William D. 
Treichler, James M. 
Thompson, David P. 
Treichler, Oliver G. 
Umbeuhanr, Frank R. 
Virdow, Patrick 
Watts, Perry 
Weldon, Jolin G. 
Walker, Thomas 
Whetstone, Frank 
Weon, Henry 
Williams, AViJJam T. 
Yerger, William D. 
Z oilers, Daniel D. 
- Zeigler, Charles B. 
Zeigler, Oliver J. 
Zimmerman, Solomon 



S 



121 
140 



Captain.— l^kXC M. CAKE. 
First Lieutcjiant. — Matiiew Eyrxes. 
Second Lieutenant. — J. A. Hexnessy. 
\st Sergeant. — John Eowler. 
'Id " John Killeen. 

3rZ " Francis Canfield. 

4j/i •' Feancis McGciiK. 

bth ** MiCiiAEL Mackey. 

1st Corporal. — William Irving. 
Id " Michael F_ea'i"ing. 

?id *' Henry F.ussel. 

Ath " James jMcCaiirol. 

bth " John Haley, 

G/Zi " Patrick ^'urran. 

1th " James Sexton. 

8^/t " Elijah Andreavs. 

Musicians. — Peter Kelly. Henry Laav, Thomas Buri 
Wat/oner. — Ad.'im Reb. 



PRIVATES. 



Brennen, Peter 
Barry, James 



Burns, James 
Burns, Thomas 



Three Years, or the War. 



125 



Company I, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued, 



Brown, Thomas 

Boyle, Thomas 

Bainbridge, Thomas 

Brennan, John 

Brown, William 

Bannister, Thomas 

Brown, Thomas A. 

Blecker, Michael 

Creamer, James 

Crandle, Ethan 

Crawford, John 

Callahan, Michael 

Carl, Patrick 

Cadwalader, Thomas Morgan 

Cusack, William 

Carroll, Patrick 

Canton, Thomas 

Curley, James 

Curran, Patrick 

Callahan, Thomas 

Conlan, James 

Dalton, John 

Dooley, John 

Davidson, Samuel 

Dinert, Jeremiah 

Droyer, William 

Davis, Edmund 

Erwin, William 

Evans, C. 

Ferns, Patrick 

Farrel, John 

Foyle, jMartin 

Gavin, Patrick 

Gleeson, John 

Gallagher, Patrick 

Galahan, Daniel 

George, James 

Higley, James H. 

Hewne, Emanuel 

Haley, Brian 

Harper, John 

Horan, Stephen 

Hobbs, John 

Hibbard, John 

Haley, John 

Harlan, Sr., John 

Irving, AVilliam 

Kotchin, Lewis 

Kerns, Patrick 

Kavenaugh, John 

Kennedy, Morgan 

Kramer, James 



Keegan, John 
King James 
Liman, John 
Langton, Martin 
Minnich, Joseph 
McDonald, William 
McArdle, James 
Menear, William 
McNamara, Richard 
Morris, Patrick 
McDevit, James 
Morrett, John 
Morney, Thomas 
McAmany, Peter 
Morgan, Thomas 
Mullin, John 
McGrath, Lawrence 
Mahaifey, Mannus 
McCormick, Thomas 
Nixon, Thomas A. 
Naughton, Thomas 
Nixon, William 
O'Donnel, Peter 
O'Connor, Timothy 
Oestruht, Morris 
0' Brian, Michael 
Owens, James 
Owens, Patrick 
O'Donnel, Dominick 
Purcell, John 
Purcell, James 
Purcell, Patrick 
Ross, Thomas 
Beillj'", Thomas 
Buddy, James 
Ryan, Michael 
Straham, John 
Sweeney, Michael 
Seigle, Fred. 
Sarney, Charles 
Shoughency, Michael 
Scanlan, Thomas 
Sweeney, Daniel 
Sullivan, John 
Samon, John 
Sullivan, Jeremiah 
Tye, James 
Vaughn, Francis 
Whalen, John 
Williams, David 
M'illiams, John 
Weakline William 



11 



1-26 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company I, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officei'S, 
Wagoner, _ ~ - 
Musicians, - - - 

Privates, . _ _ 

Total, 



o 

13 

1 

3 

110 

130 



COMPANY K. 

Captain . — R I C HARD B U DD. 
First Lieutenimf.—GEOKGE G. Boyek, 
Second Lieutenant. — Neill Coyle. 
1st Scj-geant. — Peter Houck. 



'Id 


a 


William Burke. 


Sd 


i( 


Patrick Brennan, 


4th 


i i 


Patrick McGee. 


Uh 


>( 


Andrew A:i»derson. 


\st Co 


rporal. 


— Patrick Conville. 


2d 


ib 


James (^antfielb. 


M 


li 


William Brennak, 


i(h 


a 


Thomas Burns. 


^yth 


• ( 


James E. Toban. 


(j/h 


a 


Patrick Delany. 


1th 


»• 


Thomas Moore. 


><th 


a 


James E. Toban. 


Music. 


— Jo si- 


PH Rutlebge, Michael McMullek 



Wagonc?: — Uaniel Lawler, 



PRIVATES. 



Ablewriglit, William 
Andrews, P]lisha 
Booth, John 
Brown, AVilliam 
Butler, Michael 
]>roniian, Andrew 
Brennan, John 
Brennan, George 
Boland, Francis 
Iforen, Daniel 
Boyle, Bobbin 
Birney, Patrick 
Bergau, Thomas 
Broderick, John 
Bradley, Larry 
Budd, William 
Collins, John 
Crawford, John 
Cantfield, Michael 
Cavenaugh, John 
Cocklin, Thomas 
Coraerford, Kearon 



Curn, Jeremiah 
Curn, William 
Carl, James 
Conners, Timothy 
Conners, John 
Derrah, James 
Donley, Edward 
Dudley. Thomas 
Darraugh, William 
Delaney, Luke 
Delaney, Philip 
Downey, Patrick 
Fay, Patrick 
Ford, Patrick 
Fagan, Patrick 
Farrel, John G. 
Farrel, John 
Flyn, Michael 
Gribben, Thomas 
Gallagher, James 
Gallagher, Edward 
Gallagher, Daniel 



i 



Three Years, or the War. 



127 



Company K, Ninety-Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Gribben, Barnet 
Graeff, Jacob 
HarrisoTi, Jolin 
Horn, John 
Hollan, John 
Hughes, Andrew 
Hart, Dominick 
Holloran, Thomas 
Holloran, John 
Holloran, Michael 
Jenkin, John 
Johnston, James 
Keyes, x\ndrew 
Kerney, James 
Kelly, John 
Love, John 
Laddia, Patrick 
Lavrler, John 
Lawler, John J. 
Lawler, Thomas 
McLane, Patrick 
Maley, John 
Moffet, William 
McMeaghey, Frank 
Mullen, Hugh 
Mack, Ptichard 
McKahie, Frank 
McMichael, Barney 



MtjAUisler, Patrick 
McGuigan, James 
McMiiUigan, Barney 
lIcGrath, Henr}- 
McGlenn, Patrick 
McCarty, Michael 
Maly, Patrick 
Mullin, Michael 
Martin, Thomas 
O'Brian, Martin 
O'Donald, James 
Purcell, John 
Furcell, John E. 
Quinn, Michael 
■Quinn, John 
Ryan, John 
Reece, Reece 
Ryan, Lawrence 
Reinhart, Ferdinand 
Rice, George B. 
Sheridan, Anthony 
Shields, James 
Toban, James 
Whalen, Timothy 
Wilson, James 
Welsh, Patrick 
Westner, C'harle:^ 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - . 

Wagoner, - - - 
Privates, _ - « 



13 
o 



1 

99 



Total, 



118 



RECAPITULATION 



Field and Staff, 

Regimental Band, 

Commissioned Line Officers, 

Non-commissioned, " 

Musicians, - - - 

Wagoners, 

Privates, _ _ - 



13 
25 
30 

130 

21 

9 

911 



Total, 



1139 



128 Three Years, or the War 



COMPANY E, FIFTY-FIFTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COL. R. WHITE. 
All of this Company with the exception of six members, were 
recruited in and belong to Schuylkill County. The Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the Regiment, Frank T. Bennett, is also, from 
Schuylkill County. The Company left Fortress Monroe for Port 
Royal, S. C, in December, 1861, and was stationed for some time 
near Hilton Head, and on Edisto Island. In March, 1862, Com- 
panies E, F and a of the Fifty-fifth, P. V., while picketed on dif- 
ferent parts of Edisto, were separately attacked by a force of some 
500 rebels. After some skirmishing, the companies united their 
forces, repulsed the enemy and drove them from the Island, Com- 
pany F losing in killed, wounded and prisoners some twenty men. 
The other companies sustained no loss. Company E numbered 
on June 25, 1862, 92 rank and file. In February, 1862, Lieuten- 
ant GrEORGE S. HiLL was detailed to the Signal Corps, and was 
actively engaged at the taking of Fort Pulaski, and in the severe 
engagement on James Island, S. C. 

The muster roll of this Company as it left Schuylkill County, is 
as follows : 

Captain. ~EOn ACE C. BENNETT. 
1st Lieut. — George S. Hill. 
2d " John Slotterback, 
1st Sergeant. — Winfield Bensaman. 
2c? " George Slotterback. 

3cf " Henry C. Bensaman, 

4i/i " George Parry. 

5//i " Henry E. Snyder. 

1st Corporal. — John McClay. 



Id 




James Miller. 


%d 




Michael Murray. 


Ath 




Miles Rourke. 


i>ih 




Charles Fritchley. 


'oth 




John Deitrich. 


1th 




William Challenger, 


Wi 




Daniel Chester. 


Drummer. 


— George Allen. 






privates. 


Acfams, Dennis 




Billman, Daniel 


Booth, John 




Campbell, James 


Bannan, John S. 




Campbell, John 


Beggs, Matthew 




Comeford, Patrick j 


Baird, John 




Conway, Daniel 


Berger, Jacob 




Coyle, Edward 



Three Years, or the War. 



129 



Company E, Fifty-Fifth Regiment — Continued. 

Caton, James Murphy, Peter 

Condron, John Mohan, John 

Churchficld, Patrick McFarUine, James 

Dengler, Daniel F. McNamara, Michael 

Delaney, Patrick Munday, Francis 

Derr, AVilliam Maggee, William 

Finely, Owen McDonough, Patrick 

Foulk, George McCain, John 

Fowler, William Madden, John 

Fluge, Jacob O'Donnel, James 

Fairley, Alexander O'Kane, James 

Gehrer, John Paden, John 

Gallagher, Francis Pease, Robert 

Govan, Andrew Kafferty, Patrick 

Harrison, John Rogers, Arthur 

Hay, Robert Reed, Monroe 

Hepler, Henry Reitz, Peter 

Hay, William Sharp, Thomas 

Haas, George Smith, George 

Haas, John Tobin, Thomas 

Hughs, David Tobin, James 

Jones, John J. Thomas, Hiram 

Kuehn, William Welsh, Luke 

Kuehn, Jr., William Wormai, John 

Kelter, James Wormwood, John 

Lynch, Patrick >Velsh Joseph F. 

Lawrence, John Wier, David 

Lantz, John Wagner, John B. 

Langton, Mortimer Williamson, William 

Maggee, John Watkins, Samuel D. 

Maggee, Thomas Yoder, Aaron 

McAllister, Daniel Zernholt, George 

Field Officer, - - - ^ - - - 1 

Commissioned Line Officers, - - . - 3 
Non-commissioned " - - - - 13 

Musician, --------1 

Privates, ___.-_- 78 

Total, 96 



COMPANY B. 

John Layman. 

COMPANY 0. 

William Wagner. 



On Wednesday, December 18, 1861, the Seventh Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Cavalry^ left Harrisburg for Kentucky. Before 

11* 



130 Three Years, or the War. 

taking its departure it was presented with a standard and guidons, 
in the Capitol grounds, by Governor Andrew G. Curtin. 

Of the field and staff officers of the Regiment, the following 
belonged to Schuylkill County : 

Colo?icl.— GEORGE C. WYNKOOP. 

Majors. — John E. Wynkoop, James J. Seibert. 

Adjutant. — R. F. INIosON. 

Quartermaster. — Thomas H. Rickert. 

The battalion organizations of the Regiment were as follows : 

First Battalion. — Major — John E. Wynkoop ; Adjutant — William J. 
Allen ; Quartermaster — Wilj.iam J. McQuade. 

Second Battalion. — Mnjor — James J. Seibert; Adjutant — N. E. Wyn- 
K'^op ; Quartermaster — John D. Burge. *"- 

T/u'rJ Battalion. — Major — James E. Given: Adjutant — Dr. Warfield; 
(^lartermaster — R. H. Fisk, 

Companies A and F of this Regiment were recruited in Schuyl- 
kill County. A few men, also from Schuylkill, were scattered in 
other companies. 

The muster rolls are as follows : 

SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY, 

(EIGHTIETH REGIMENT, P. Y.) 
COMPANY A. 

Captain.— WILLIAM H. JENNINGS. 

1st Lieut. — Tho?ii.as H. Rickert. 

2d '• John D. Jones. 

1st Serjeant. — William J. Allen. 

2d " Thomas M. Price, Quartermaster Sergt, 

Sd " David J. Price 

ith " Henry B. Zimmerman. 

kith *' John A. Ennis. 

G/A " David T. Reese. 

l.'st Corporal.— CuARj.KS L. Roorback. 

2d " Frederick Hopkins. 

3c? " David H. ^yETZEL. 

4th " Edward H. Siiutt. 

[>th " Pkter F. Kelly. 

6//i " Morris O'Neal. 

7th " John Greatiiead. 

8th " William Arter. * 

Farrier. — Frederick W. Davis. 

Blacksmith. — Adam M. Fahringer. 

Musicians. — Joseph Ashlan, John McIlhmnnhy. 

Saddler. — John Clews. 

Wa(/oner. — Peter Starr. 



I 



Three Yeaiis, or the War. 



131 



Company A, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



PRIVATES. 



Austin, Edward 
Anspach, Daniel 
Anspach, George 
Angus, William 
Burns, Anthony 
Bateman, James 
Bramley, John 
Bradley, Edward 
Beisel, Henry H. 
Beaver, Jacob 
Brennan, John 
Cowlishaw, Joseph 
Corby, Ralph 
Cranston, John L. 
Chadwick, Thomas 
Chadwick, Benjamin 
Clarke, Peter 
Cannon, Martin 
Canfield, John 
Carl, John 
Davidson, Jonathan 
' Dodds, Jonathan 
Dawson, Robert S. 
Dodds, Matthew 
Duify, Francis XJ, 
Dolan, Jolm 
Duly, Thomas 
Effort, Samuel 
Ferguson, John 
Feindt, Clement 
Fogarty, Patrick 
Fagley, Daniel 
Geigher, William 
Gottshall, William 
Gilaspie, James G. 
Hertzog, Benjamin 
Himmer, Jacob 
Hazzard, John T. 
Heather, John 
Hartliue, John 
Heney, William 
Hammer, Frederick 
Hetherington, George 
Herb, Felix 
Herring, George W\ 
Jones, Richard 
Jones, Jacob D. 
Kitchen, George B. F. 
Keely, James 
Kerby, Ralph 
Kelly, Patrick 
Koch, Henry 
Kelly, John T. 



Kahres, Emanuel 
Lanigan, Luke A. 
Leonard, Francis 
Livesly, Edmund 
McMuUen, Edward 
Montgomery, William 
Maul, Lewis 
Marks, Isaac 
Mac, John 
Mertz, James A. 
Madden, William 
Mahoney, James 0. 
Mulcachny, Patrick 
Marley, William 
Paul, Daniel 
Price, David I. 
Paul, Emanuel 
Powers, Thomas 
Rafferty, Philip 
Robson, John M, 
Rahn, George 
Reese, John W. 
Roorbaeh, Arthur 0. 
Snyder, John 
Snyder, Henry H, 
Smith, James 
Segley, John 
Smith, John 
Snyder, Emanuel 
Shuttheiser, Augustus 
Schrope, Frederick A. 
Snyder, Peter H. 
Shutt, Lewis H. 
Shaw, Joseph C. 
Tighe, Charles 
Thomas, William 
Taggart, John 
Thompson, John 
William, Thomas 
W^inter, Peter 
Welsh, Charles 
W^hite, Charles 
Walker, Daniel D. 
Wetzel, Augustus H. 
W^etzel, John H. 
Welsh, Nicholas 
Williams, Eli 
Weigly, Francis 
Ward, Charles 
Zimmerman, Robert M. 
Zimmerman, Joseph B. 
Zimmerman, Henry B. 



132 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company A, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 

Commissioned Officers, - _ - - 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 14 
Mechanics, - -_-__. 3 

Musicians, ----___ 2 

Wagoner, --..__. j 

Privates, ---._.. 105 

Total, - 128 



Dechant, William 



C.OMPANY C. 

Lee, George 



COMPANY. F. 

l5^ Lieut. — Heber S. Tiiobipson. 
2d " Berniiard Reilly. 

Ist Sergeant. — Geo. F. Stahlin^^ 

Charles Vandusen. 

George M. Boyer. 

James A. Wilson. 

A. BUMMERSBOCII. 
CONDY McGuIRE. 

-John K. Donnehower. 

George C. Lee. 

Valentine K. Boyer. 

George J. Harig. 

William AYatkins. 

Samuel Winn. 

William Jenkins. 

Joseph R. Fisher. 
-Joseph Partridge. 
John Conghlin. 
Farrier. — William 0. Jones. 
Blacksmith. — Adam Mager. 
Saddler. — Joseph Reed. 
1*/ Teamster. — Josiah H. Anderson. 
2d " David Levan. 

8<^ " Jonathan B. Reber. 



Q. M. 

2d " 

4th <' 

6th " 

1st Corporal, 
2d 

4:th " 

Qth '' 

7 th " 

8th *' 

1st Bugler. 
2d " 



Berger, Martin 
Baney, John 
Beaver, William H. 
Boyle, James 
Bowers, Charles 
Berger, John B. 
Berger, Abraham 
Burge, John D. 
Brennan, Owen 
Bartolet, William H. 
]5]-auclier, Charles L. 



PRIVATES. 



Cochran, John 
Crosby, Thomas 
Collins, James 
Crimmens, Timothy 
Cleary, Michael 
Clingerman, Charles B. 
Cunningham, John 
Carey, Michael 
Dolan, Thomas 
Dickenson, John 
Dennings, Joseph 



Three Years, or the War. 



133 



Company F, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



Dent, James F. 




Murphy, Patrick 


Dunlap, Samael 




Mo ran. 


Michael 


Fotheringill, Richard 


Miller, 


John H. 


Flinn, Patrick 




Martin, 


David 


Fisher, Emanuel 




Mooney 


, John 


Fitzgerald, John 




Nargot, 


Jacob 


Fisk, Richard H. 




Poff, Amos 


Fartich, John A. Jr. 


J 


Rosser, 


John 


Fitzpatrick, Daniel 




Reed, F 


rancis 


Freed, Henry C. 




Rehrig, 


Peter 


Gildes, Michael 




Reilly, 


John 


Hegin, Barney 




Reber, 


Gideon 


Hainz, Henry 




Spear, 


John V. 


Hodge, William 




Stephens, William J. 


Haley, Patrick 




Seiler, 


Eli 


Hower, Charles S. 




Shire, James 


Horn, Elias 




Siegfrit 


d, Daniel 


House, John 




Shannon, Samuel S. 


Jones, Thomas 




Trump. 


Samuel 


Jones, Joseph 




Vernon 


, S. J. W. 


Klinger, William R. 




Vandyi 


.e, Abraham 


King, Daniel 




Wilson, 


James 


Keyser, George 




Wilson, 


Thomas 


Leage, Carl 




Wood, ' 


rhomas B. 


Loeser, Charles F. 




Wilson, 


John A. 


Llewellyn, Llewelly 


n 


Weight 


man, John 


Lawler, Edward 




Warfield, J. H. B. 


Link, Cornelius 




Wumer 


Amandus 


Lambert, George 




Zehner 


William 


Linn, Charles 




Ward, John 


Commissioned Officers, 


- 


2 


Non-commissioned Officers, - 


- 


14 


Musicians, 


- 


- 


- - 2 


Mechanics, 


- 


- 


3 


Teamsters, 


- 


- 


3 


Privates, 


_ - - 


- 


82 


Total, 


. 


- 


- 106 




COMPANY L. 




Cluff, John 




Roley, 


James 


Duffy, John 




Reed, Francis 


McKnight, — 




Wright 


John 


Parker, Thomas H. 










COMPANY I. 




Bowsman, Henry 




Cramer 


, Samuel 


Clark, Peter 




Fallen, 


James 



134 Three Years, or the War. 

Company I, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 

Hummel, Abraham McGovern, John 

James, Peter ■ Taylor, James 

Messuer, Michael Watts, William 

Messuer, Henry 



COMPANY K. , 

Hasker, Garret Reiser, George 



COMPANY E. 

McGuire, Condy 

COMPANY D. 

Kurtz, Martin L. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Field and Staff, --...- 5 

Commissioned line officers, - - - - - 5 

Non-commissioned '' - - - - 28 

^lusicians, --------5 

Mechanics, ---.._- 6 

Teamsters, -_--_---4 
Privates, - - 211 

Total, ---_-.- 264 

These regiments are the only three year volunteer organiza- 
tions in which Schuylkill County is represented by more than a 
single full company. During the Summer and Fall of 1861, how- 
ever, hundreds of men belonging to Schuylkill enlisted in other 
Pennsylvania regiments ; in regiments of other States ; in the 
Navy, and in the regular army. We have with much labor and 
care, collected the names of these volunteers, and will now give 
them, commencing with the regiments of our own State, and then 
proceeding to the regiments of other States; to the regular ser- 
vice, etc.: 

THIRD PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

(SIXTIETH REGIMENT, P. V.) 

COL. W. H. AVERILL. 

COMPANY L. 

Captain.— 5. CLAUDE WHITE. 

\st Lieutenant. — Howard Edmonds. 
\st Sergeant. — Daniel Jones. 



Three Years, or the War. 



135 



Company L, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



2d Sergeant — John Burlee. 

Zd " S. P. BOYER. 

4:th " John Johnson. 

hth " David Levy. 

1st Corporal. --Geo-rge W. Clark. 

2c? " John Large. 

3c? " William Green. 

4//* '« Edward Ferguson. 

Bih " William Ryan. 

Qth ♦♦ John F. Gallagher. 

7th *' Edward Gr[ffith. 

Sth ** William A. Noble. 

Bugler. — Joseph Miller. 

" Marqueze Erneiquildo. 

Farrier. — Thomas N. Davis. 
Blacksmith. — Holden Chester. 
" Watkins Waters. 

Teamster. — William Edwards. 



privates. 



Austin, Edward 
Boyer, Samuel K. 
Bull, Thomas 
Bickley, Charles 
Brower, Calvin D. 
Brennan, John 
Byle^ John 
Baker, John 
Bainbridge, William 
Burns, Anthony 
Crauey, John 
Carney, Michael 
CoUahan, John 
Carroll, James 
Cox, James 
Challenger, David 
Cassady, Patrick 
Dickson, Joseph 
Duncan, David 
Donnelly, Michael 
Donnelly, John 
Devine, William 
Edwards, Josejjh J, 
Flynn, John 
Fulton, Robert 
Fox, John 
Guenther, Frederick 
Gottschall, Adam 
Humphrey, John 
Hiel, William 
Hummel, Lewis 

Tohnston, James 

vent, Daniel 



Kries, George 
Klinger, Edward H, 
Lawler, Martin 
Lambert, George 
Lawler, James 
Morley, Thomas 
McCabe, Edward 
McCann, Francis 
Mowery, John M. 
McMuUen, Edward 
Maroney, William 
Maby, John 
McCabe, James 
McAndrew, Edward 
Mann, Joseph 
Mealy, John 
Miller, John H. 
Moran, Michael J. 
Mann, William 
McKniglit, Lawrence 
Norton, William 
O'Meally, William 
O'Neil, Patrick 
Ochner, Christian 
Porter, John 
Price, Thomas H. 
Patton, Joseph 
Ryan, John 
Roaney, John 
Reily, Thomas 
Reese, David 
Reiley, John 
Reily, James 



1-36 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company L, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 

Roberts, Reese W. ■ Welsh, James H. 

Slirop, Frederick Wilson, Andrew H. 

Stonehouse, John Wyatt, George 

Smith, John . Williams, William 

Sterling, John ' Wright, Calv.in D. 

Shindler, Calvin Waterhouse, William 

Shutt, George W. Wilson, George 

Stromier, Charles Wiehry, Daniel 

Storm, Augustus York, James 

Thompson, Ephraim Zimmerman, — 
U'mbenhower, Francis 

Commissioned Officers, - . _ . 2 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 13 

Musicians, - - -- - - - 2 

Mechanics, .---__. 3 

Teamster, -.--"_-_ 1 

Privates, - 87 

Total, — - - 108 



SIXTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT P. V. 

COLONEL JOHN F. STANTON. 

C iM P A N Y K . 

Ist Lieutenant. — Theo. F. Patterson. 
2c? '* William Heffner. 

1st Sergeant. — Edward Nagle. 



2d 


Jno. J. Christian. 


Zd 


Franklin A. Shoener 


4:th *' 


Francis Hause. 


1st Corporal. 


— George Rice. 


2d 


Martin Hutchinson. 


Zd 


John Martz, 


Ath " 


Samuel B. McQuade. 


bill '' 


Benjamin F. Barlet. 


6^/i 


Daniel H. Christian. 


1th " 


Charles Ewing. 



Drummer. — John Y. Wren .Jr., 
Buyler. — Henry ]\1yers. 
Wagoner. — Daniel Keeler. 



privates. 



Albertson, George 
Braden, Nathan 
Bauman, Jr., John 
Bauman, Sr., John 
Christian, Benjamin 
Davis, Benjamin B. 
Deihm, S. Francis 



Dimmerling, Peter 
Dalius, D. D. 
Dunklebergcr, Charles 
Ewing, William D. 
Fatzinger, Eli 
Faust, William 
Garrett, Charles F. 



Three Years, or the War. 



137 



Company K, Sixty Seventh Regiment — Continued. 

Goyer, John Roehrig, James 

Hause, Edward Schmidola, William 

Kemery, Daniel Slioebe, Daniel 

Langton, Martin Shrively, Daniel 

Lutz, Jacob. Schoener, Samuel 

Lewis, Edgar P. Schoener, James 

Lawlews, John Sands, Theodore 

Lowthert, William Snyder, George 

McGurl, John Titus, Edgar R. 

Moore, Aaron Trout, Jeremiah 

Myers, Thomas T. Windland, Abraham 

O'Rorick, James Witterman, John M. 

l»onter, Henry S. Wilman, John M. 
Richardson, John 

Commissioned Officers, 2 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 11 

Musicians, _._---- 2 

Wagoner, __----- l 

Privates, _.__.-_ 41 

Total, - 5f) 



Welsh, William 
Higgins, John 



COMPANY A. 

Collins, Hugh 
Johnson, William 



COMPANY H. 

Glass. Jacob L. 



SEVENTEENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

COMPANY — 

Captain.— W'TLLWlSl THOMPSON. 

Ist Lieutenant. — Baird Snyder. 

2d '• William J. Allen. 

1st Sergeant. — George W. Garrett. 

Quar. " Jacob A. Schlasemax. 

Com. " Charles Simmer.. 

2d " Thomas Hoch. 

Zd " Bernard Eisenhuth. 

4^/t " William H. H. Brown. 

hth " John Smith. 

Qth " John C. West, 

Ist Corpora/.— Joseph H. Weaver. 

2c? " George S. Herring. 

3c? " Charles Davis. 

Afk " Benneville M. Harris. 

12 



138 



Three Years, or the War. 



Company — , Seventeenth Penna. Cavalry — Continued. 



bth Corporal- 
Kith - 
lih " 
Sth 



-Franklin Rhodes. 
Ebermard Gkssler. 
JosEPir H. Beadle. 
William Douty. 



Teamster. — Radiant Riffert. 

" Emanuel H, Boljch. 

Blacksmith. — John Martz. 

•' Levi Werntz, 

Saddler. — Philip Artz. 
Wagoner. — Jacob E. Fertig. 



privates. 



Bradley, Hugh 
Brobst, Joseph M. 
Blaber, .Samuel E. 
Banker, Jonas 
IJankev, Lewis 
Banker, George W. 
Bitler, Joseph 
Bleckinger, Francis 
Baker, Jacob 
Blue, Lsaac IL 
Clauser, John P. 
Doutal, George 
Doherty, John 
Dengler, Henry F. 
Oerr, Daniel 
Derr, Eli as 
Eyster, Charles M. 
Furhman, Lewis 
Finley, James 
Fetcrolf, Peter 
Gross, William 
G anker, Benneville 
(ioldrnan, Oliver 
Hoy, Daniel 
Herbert, Thomas 
Haley, Martin 
Heiser, Jacob B. 
Hoffa, John K. 
Haley, Thomas 
Koppenhaffer, Thomas L 
Kloch, Benjamin F. 
Koons, Joel 
Kobel, Isaac 
Kramer, Zachariah 
Kriger. Daniel D. 
Linden iijuth, Joseph 
Ludwig, John 
Luckncr, Pliilip 
Langdon, Lewis M. 

Commissioned Oificers, 
Non-commigsioned Officers, 



Michael, Levi 
AHller, Samuel G. 
McDonald, Daniel 
Maury, Solomon 
""■Marwine, Charles G. 
Matthews, Charles G. 
Mulligan, John 
Markle, William 
McMuUin, Daniel 
Moyer, Emanuel 
Michael, William 
Nungesser, George 
Nungesser, Benjamin 
Norris, John G. 
Obenhouser, Solomon S. 
Procter, Charles 
Ryan, John J. 
Rubright, Aaron S. 
Reed, Elias E. 
Rupert, William L 
Rumbel, Daniel A. 
Schrope, Franklin B. 
Schorer. Michael 
Snyder, John M. 
Sell, Isaac 
Simmer, Joseph 
St. Clair, James P. 
Strausser, Daniel 
Troy, Charles B. 
Troy, Philip 
White, Thomas 
Werner, -Jacob 
WiHiams, William R,. 
Weiss, Jonas 
Yorgey, Hirajn 
Yarnall, Isaac IT. 
Yarnall, Samuel 
Zimmerman, Jacob 
Zimmerman, AVilliam B. 

- 10 



Three Years, or the War. 139 

Company — , Seventeenth Penna. Cavalry — Continued. 

Teamsters, .--_--- 2 

Blacksmiths, '^ 

Saddler, -------- 3 

Wagoner, _.------] 

Privates, 78 

Total, -------- 9:J 



TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL F. 11. NEILL. 

Dewald, Reuben Jenkins, Benjamin (Co. ID 

JJoru, Abraham Griffith, John H. 

TWENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL WM. F. SMALL. 

Goldsmith, James (Co. F.) Shane, Christian (Co. D.) 

TWENTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL A. BUSITBACIL 
Gallagher, .);!jnes (Co. A.) 

TWENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL GABRIEL De KORPONAY. 
COMPANY A. 

Silliman, Jr., Lieut. James - Shirey, James 
Sitter. Daniel Hoffman, Gustavus 

Cunningham, Thomas Morgan, John 

McKeeheney, Corporal Alex. Barnett. Charles 

Moycr, William Brennan. Richard 

Glase. Sidney Killrain, John 

COMPANY D. 

Bailey, Edward Arnold, .Jacob 

Agnew, Francis 

COMPANY E. 

Young. Thomas Eveland, Edward 11. 

Mosser, Gideon Weston, Herbert 

Mosser, Aaron 

COMPANY H. 
Horn, William 



140 Three Years, or the War. 

COMPANY K. 

McGurl, Tixomas Schreffler, William J. 

COMPANY N. 

Schwenk, Daniel Bobst, Jacob 

Trout, Maberry Goulden, Philip 

Dolan, Brian 

COMPANY . 

Hughes, James 

COMPANY P. 

Ilart., Thomas Lavcnberg, Sergeant John 

Leffler, William 



TWENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL JOHN K. MURPHY. 

Haas, Andrew (Co, H.) Marley, John 

Hallahan, Patrick 



[ HIRTIETH REGIMENT, P. Y. (1st Reserves.) 

COLONEL R. BIDDLE ROBERTS. 

Marten, Thomas 



THIRTYFIRST REGIMENT, P. Y. (2d Reserves.) 

COLONEL WILLLAM McCANDLESS. 
Wetherill, Major John M. Coleman, Surgeon A. G. 

COMPANY A. 

Higgins, William Stapleton, Corporal James 

Locket, George 

COMPANY C . 

Shoots, Peter Fitzsimmons, Patrick 

Whitegall, Frederick Campbell, John 

Heilraan, Philip Foster, Mark 
Boyle, John 

COMPANY G. 

Mattson, Sergeant David B. Conway, William 

COMPANY H. 

DoUard, Patrick 

COMPANY I. 

Foster, Color Corporal Thomas J. 



Three Years, or the War. 141 

THIRTY-SECOND REGT., P. V. (3d Reserves.) 

COLONEL H. Ct. SICKLES. 

Stallecker, John Donnelly, Michael 

Kerschner, Lewis Edwards, William 

Carl, James Hadesty — 

COMPANY F. 

Moll, Lieutenant Edward K. Boyer, William 

Gilbert, Adam Thomas, Edward 

Yost, Heury 

COMPANY L. 

Chester, Holden 



THIRTY:THIRD REGT., P. V. (4th Reserves.) 

COLONEL A. L. MAGILTON. 

COMPANY A. 

Stahler, David 



THIRTY-FOURTH REGT., P. V. (5th Reserves.) 

COLONEL S. G. SIMMONS. 

Porter. Corporal James Canfield, Patrick 

Doherty, Corpoi\al Daniel Creeswell, Thomas 

Carr, George Foley, Edward 

Troy, Robert Hagerty, Robert 

Davis, Francis Mullen, Michael 

Sullivan, Marty Paxon, John 

COMPANY A . 

Dry, Benjamin 

COMPANY B. 

Johnson, John H. (hospital steward.) 

COMPANY F. 

Jenkins, James 



THIRTY-FIFTH REGT., P. V. (6th Reserves.) 

COLONEL WILLIAM SINCLAIR. 

COMPANY A . 

Parmenter, William A. Canfield, Michael 

Slater, Henry P. Kurtz, Emanuel 

12* 



142 Three Years, or the "War. 

COMPANY B. 

Sauce, Richard Finny, Patrick 

Boran, Thomas McAllister, James 

Dasey, Martin 



COMPANY C. 

('oiler, Charles Bonewitz, Lieutenant Jacob 





Johns, Henry 



THIRTY-SIXTH REGT., P. V. (7th Reserves.) 

Harris, Henry Paul Emanuel 

Beddinger, DaviiJ Gottshall Samuel 

Heffner, Henry Caughlin, John 

Van Burenbiko. Huntzinger, Robert 

COMPANY C. 

Curry, Thomas 

COMPANY G. 

Williams, William - 

COMPANY H. 

Breish, Anron Murray, James P> 

Casey, William Mackey, Robert 

Dunn, Daniel (Fifer) O'Donnell, John 

Delany, Jeremia'i Williams, Sergeant Wm. J. 
Miller, John 

J M P A N Y I . 

Booiicy, John Barr, Henry 

Soliday, Cyrus Miller, Charles 

Keasey, William 

C M P A NY L . 
Huntzinger, lloherf, iVI, Huntzinger, John J. 

THIRTY-SEVENTH REGT., P. V. (8th Reserves.) 

COLONEL GEORGE S.. HAYES. 
Fields, Dennis f Drum -major) Powers, Thomas 



THIRTY-EIGHTH REGT., P. V. (9th Reserves.) 

COLONEL C. F. JACKSON. 
Delanej, John Middleton, Longstaff 

COMPANY B . 

Griffith, Sergeant Thomas D. 

C M P A N Y H . 

Shields, Michael 

COMPANY K . 
Flynn, Thomas 



Three Years, or the War. 143 

THIRTY-NINTH REGT., P. V. (10th Reserves.) 

COLONEL JAMES T. KIRK. 

Schwepf, George 

COMPANY H. 

Bretz, George 



FORTIETH REGT., P. V. (llth Reserves.) 

COLONEL T. F. GALLAGHER. 
Koch, John Ernst, Christian 

Matteer, William McCue, Michael 

Drawble, .John (musician) 

COMPANY D. 

Keyser, C. W. Bitner, John 

Dinfeinger, H. Bitner, William 

COMPANY a. 

Wentz, Ferdinand 

COMPANY H . 

Overy, William Mosser, Joseph 

Haldeman, C. Williams, Isaac 

Moyer, Lewis Poke, Josiah 

Ray, William Kistler Daniel 

Foulk, Charles J. Detrich, Josiah 

Herring, Joseph Krum, Noah 

Conigham, Terrence Neyer, Moses 

Chester, Holdeu Martin, Monroe P. 

Canning, John Adams, David 

Delay, John Rex, Aaron 



FORTY-FIRST REGT., P. V. (12th Reserves.) 

COLONEL J. H. TAGGART. 
COMPANY D. 

Pike, Martin 



FORTY-SECOND REGT., P. V. (13th Reserves.) 

COLONEL HUGH McNEIL. 
Williams, David 



FORTY-THIRD REGT., P. V. (1st Artillery.) 

COLONEL R. M. WEST. 

Matthews, Captain E. W. Gray, Michael 

Bradley, Sergeant Patrick McCabe, John 

Robinson, Corporal Thomas Uhler, Ephriam 

Boyle, James Bridegam, Frank 



144 Theee Years, or the War. 



C M P A N Y A . 

Barr, Henry 

COMPANY C . 

Uhler, Ephraim Uinbenliaur, William 

COMPANY F. 

MooT'e, Corporal L. E. C. 

COMPANY H. 

Walker, Joseph S. 
COMPANY L. 

Wilson, George 



FORTY-FOURTH REGT., P. V. (1st Cavalry.) 

COLONEL OWEN JONES. 
Norton, Thomas — 
COMPANY a. 

Adams, George 
COMPANY K. 

Horn, Thomas 

COMPANY M. 

Poll, Sergeant Jackson Allison, James 

Smith, Sergeant James 



FORTY-SIXTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL JOSEPH F. KNIPE. 

COMPANY K. 

McCoUough, Gaven Curren, Nicholas 

Douevan, Patrick Brosius, William 

Neischwender, Cornelius Brosius, George 

Mullin, Patrick Snyder, Augustus 



FORTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL THOMAS H. GOOD. 
Kilmer, George Burnshire, Michael 

COMPANY C . 
epler, George K. Lefend, Henry 



FORTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL WILLIAM H. IIIWIN. 
Strausser, Sergeant Jacob 



Three Years, or the War. 145 



FIFTY-SECOND REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL JOHN II. DODGE. 



Cummings, Wesley 




Niese, Henry C. 




Fairfield, Jolin 




Donevan, James 




Reed, Joseph 




Butts, Abraham 




O'Harra, Charles 




Jeremiah, David 




Brennan, John 




Dale, Joseph 




Collahan, Edward W. 








COMPANY 


D. 




Shivelhood, Joseph 




Davis, James 




Thomas, Thomas 










COMPANY 


I. 




Smith, Captain Beaton 


Hughes, Lieutenant Wra, 


H 


"Williams, Samuel 




Jones, Sergeant B. F. 




Sowers, Erastus 




Giles, Lawrence 




Lucas, Charles 




Welter, Gerhard 




Sowers, Ralph 




Senef, Albert 




Jones, William 









COMPANY K . 

Jones, Jr., Captain .Tohn Ryan, Edward 

Hennessy, Lieutenant John J. Carman, James 

Henegan, Michael 



FIFTY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL JOHN R. BROOKE. 
May, Henry 

COMPANY A . 

Lichtenhorn, C. F. 

COMPANY E. 

McLaughlin, Patrick McGallas, Daniel 



FIFTY^SIXTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL S. A. MEREDITH. 

COMPANY C . 

Haley, Michael 

COMPANY D . 

Delaney, John 

COMPANY E. 

Adams, Dennis Row, Thomas 

COMPANY K. 

Mitchell, Captain David Hetherington, James A, 

Rossiter, Asst. Quar. Preston Cortier, Philip 

Kane, Sergeant Robert B. Stevenson, William 

Rose, Corporal George W. Allison, George 

Barnum, Corporal William Curreu, Nicholas 

Dickerson, Francis Smith, Harrison 
Jones, Isaac B. 



146 Three Years, or the War. 

FIFTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLOxNEL CHARLES T. CAMPBELL. 
COMPANY A . 

Weir, Christian Stack, Jolm 

C M P A N Y F . 

Mareiue, Edward 



FIFTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL J. RICHTEll JONES. 

COMPANY C . 
Holton, James Owens. James 

COMPANY I . 

Cobley, Corporal Bennett 



FIFTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. V. (2d Cavalry.) 

COLONEL R. BUTLER TRICE. 
COMPANY A. 

Moore, Tboivuis 



SIXTY-FIRST REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL G. C. SPEAR. 
C M P A N Y CI . 

Seiler, Augustus 

COMPANY I . 

Eaust, Augustus 



SIXTY-SECOND REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL J. B. SWITZER. 
COMPANY I. 

Sliurey, Henry 



SIXTY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL ALEXANDER HAYS. 

Cameron, John 



Three Years, or the War. 



147 



SIXTY-FOURTH REGT., P. V. (4th Cavalry.) 

COLONEL J. IL CIIiLDS. 

C M P A x\ Y a. 

I'rcnnan, John 



SIXTY-FIFTH REGIMENT, P. V. (5th Cavalry.) 

COLONEL DAVID CAMPBELL. 



Cowley, Corporal William 
Helms, Peter D. (bugler.) 
Rohrback, .John 
Reudcd, Daniel 
Mulgrave, James 
Immendorf, Jacob 
Barras, John 
Downs, Thomas 
Edwards, Joseph 
Baily, John 
llufman, David B. 



Harman, George 
Bo wen, V/illiam 
McGrew, Joseph 
Dr^-der, Wetlierill 
Halkyard, Adam, 
Wilson, Josepli 
McEhvain, Hazlctt 
Lindenmuth, William 
Williams, Charles 
Dress, Henry 
Riland, Richard R. 

A. 

Sliuev, Jacob 



c. 

Madara Charles 



G ^I P A N Y 

Rockhara, Michael 
Grosh, Peter 

C i>I P A N Y 

Yocum, Lieut. Seth H. 
Clayton, Sergeant Henry M. 

COMPANY a. 

Carl, William :Marley, Thoma* 

Drumm, Hugh 

COMPANY H. 

Nuttle, Oliver, Hartman, .John 



Derkin, John 
Hough, hSilas C. 



Winn, Thomas 

COMPANY I . 



Clayton, Byron G. Eberle, David 

COMPANY K . 

Martin, Patrick W^eaver, CJiarles 

("ummings, Thomas Hauser, ITci'man 

Weaver, Louis 



SIXTY-SIXTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL J. PATRICK. 

COMPANY G. 
Dolan, Owen 



148 Three Years, or the War. 

SIXTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. V, 

COLONEL JOHN T. OWEN. 

Ryan, Sergeant John Spatzer, Emanuel 

Brown, Edward Livingston, Hugh 
Reilly, Martin 

COMPANY A. 

Cole, James McCoy, Daniel 

Maley, John Stonefield, Henry 

COMPANY H. 

Donahoe, James Bradley, John 
COMPANY K. 

Flyu, Michael Mulhall, John 



SEVENTIETH REGIMENT, P. V. (6th Cavalry.) 
colonel r. h. rush. 

Pepper, Michael Davis, Joseph 

Field, Henry 

C M P A N Y A. 

Brennan, James Griffith, Thomas 

Sanders, Daniel 

COMPANY B. 

Christian, Daniel Auld, Corporal David 

Lanigan, Michael Bowman, William 

Sauerbrey, John 

COMPANY C. 

HoflFman, Daniel Walker, John 

Callahan, Thomas 

COMPANY E. 

Menear, John Stein, Christian 

Richardson, John 

COMPANY F. 

Davis, Evan Christ, Jacob 

COMPANY a. 

Wright, Henry Roads, John E. 

Heckler, Henry 

COMPANY H. 

Boardy, Albert Loy, ^Yilliam 

Helms, Hiram Moyer, George 

Knarr, George 



SEVENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL ISAAC G. WISTAR. 
Miller, Reuben 



Three Years, or the War. 149 

SEVENTY-SECOND REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL D. W. C. BAXTER. 

COMPANY E. 

Raudcnbush, Charles Place, William 

COMPANY H. 

Wythes, Joseph H. 



SEVENTY-FIFTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL FRANCIS MAULER. 

Billeau, Barnabas Whitesnecker, Charles 

Lorenz, Long Heck, John W. 

Hartman, John Litmyer, Barnabas 

Shoey, Jacob Stang, Henry 

White, David Roehrig, Christian 

Wondrous, George Sigler, Lewis 

COMPANY A. 

Buchler, John Beighler, Joseph 

COMPANY D. 

Pauley, Sergeant Jacob Laubach, Matthias 

Yost, Jacob Oarther, Charles 

Veil, Nicholas Cloan, James 

Mohan, Phillip Weigenecker, — 

COMPANY E. 

Horning, Gottleib Guenther, Corporal Jacob 

Hartman, John Guenther, John 

C O M P A NY F . 

Goodman, Charles Brushower, George 

Navel, .Joseph 

C M P A NY a. 

Vance, Corporal Frederick Kafer, Matthias 

COMPANY I. 

Bush, .Jacob 



SEVENTY-SIXTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL DANIEL H. WALLACE. 

Kremer, Jeremiah Knittle, Joseph 

Kremer, Francis Guyer, John 

COMPANY D. 

Nolen, John Burger, Jacob 

Kantner, William 

COMPANY E. 

Benseman, Charles 

COMPANY I. 

Adams, Patrick Umbenhaucr, William 

Umbenhauer, Frank Doonen, Francis 

13 



150 



Three Years, or the War. 



COMPANY 

Brumm, Lieut. Charles N. 
Moorehead, Sergt William S. • 
Hughes, Sergeant James N. 
Malick, Corporal Adam 
Falls, Corporal Zachariah 
Evans, Corporal Joseph 
Esterheld, Emanuel 
Moser, Franklin 
Mourer, William P. 
Brown, John 
Robertson, Joseph 
Malick, Charles 
Davis, James 



K. 

Haas, George 
Davis, Robert 
Henich, Henry 
De Haven, Horace 
Mull, Henry 
Jenkins, David 
Davis, Isaac 
Deiter, Peter 
Shirey, Daniel 
Hurley, William 
Boyle, Michael 
Conell, Thomas 
Reed, Thomas 



SEVENTY-SEVENTH EEGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL F. S. STERBAUGH. 
Gallagher, Patrick J. 

COMPANY G. 

Thomas, John 



SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL H. A. HAMBRIGHT. 

COMPANY A. 

Tucker, Augustus 



EIGHTY-FIRST REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL CHARLES F. JOHNSON 



Brennan, William 
Dunn, Daniel 

0' Brian, Michael 
Halfpenny, James 



Casey, William 

COMPANY B. 

Glenroy, James 



COMPANY C. 

Morrison, Charles 
COMPANY H . 

Delay, Corporal Jeremiah 
Burns, James 
Fisher, Owen 
Breish, Aaron 
Zimmerman, Emanuel 
Guldin, Patrick 
Rogers, Andrew 
Morton, Lieutenant Thomae 
Mackecbney, William 

COMPANY I. 

SchrefRer, William 

COMPANY K. 

Kennan, Isaac Dolan, Peter 

Kelly, Barney 



Rogers, Andrew 

Ratcliife, John 
Evans, Jenkins 
Williams, AY. 
O'Donnell, John 
Thomas, William 
Mackey, Ptobert 
King, James 
Ratcliffc, John 



Three Years, or the War. 151 

EIGHTY-SECOND REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL D. IL WILLIAMS. 
Morgan, Thomas T. 

EIGHTY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL STRONG VINCENT. 
Movt, Adam Thompson, Dr. 



EIGHTY-FOURTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL SAMUEL B. BOWMAN. 
Bulles, William Burns, Patrick 

Taubert, Washington 

COMPANY B. 

Pinkerton, Joseph A. Downey, Eugene 

COMPANY D. 

Snedden, Corporal John 

COMPANY H. 

Garrigerm, John Rehr, George 

EIGHTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

colonel GEORGE P. McLEAN. 

COMPANY A . 

Beaumont, William Beaumont, John 

Beaumont, George Howard David 

COMPANY B. 

Eppinger, John Kram, Jacob S. 

C J^I P A N Y C . 

Pugh, William 



EIGHTY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. Y. (8th Cavalry ,> 
colonel d. m. grigg. 

Payne, Corporal John J. Davis, David 

McGirl, Thomas Nunemacher, Joseph 

Walsh, James Walsh, John 
Pavne, Robert C. 

C M P A N Y G . 

Gibson, George Thomas, Benjamin 
Callaway, William 

COMPANY K. 

Burton, George W. Goershel, Adolpk 
Richards, Thomas 

COMPANY M . 

Eltringham, Mark Luch, Isadora 

Meyer, James M. SlcCann, Andrew 



152 Three Years, or the "War. 

NINETIETH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL PETER LYLE. 

Williams, Joseph Moore, James 

White, Thomas Money, Patrick 

Smith, Robert S. Donellanson, John 

Robinson, Samuel Spades, Hiram 

Geran, James Spades, Henry 

Hessin, John Dugan, Charles 

Calavour, Philip Gill, Charles 

McGrath, James Roberts, Theodore 

Tomkins, William Brady, Michael 

Bricher, Jacob L. Donahoe, Robert 

COMPANY B. 

Major, Sergeant Charles A. 

C IM P A N Y H . 

Crosland, Lewis C. 



NINETY-SECOND REGT., P. V. (9tli Cavahy.) 

COLONEL E. C. WILLIAMS. 

Schrope, Frederick Williams, Thomas 

Evans, John McGill, James 

COMPANY A. 

Griffiths, Lieutenant Thomas D, 

COMPANY I . 

Morris, Richard 

COMPANY K. 

Garner, Sergeant Frank Jones, John G. 

Carmitchel, Daniel Kerrigan, Patrick 

Carmitchel, John Tobin, Thomas B. 

Moi'gan, Lemuel 



NINETY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONEL J. M. McCARTER. 

COMPANY A. 

Bowman, H. Clay Knapp, Cyrus 

Conrad, Henry Knapp, Nelson 

COMPANY B. 

Fox, Jacob Heck, Abraham 

Riland, William H. Lehr, Abraham 

COMPANY C. 

Southam, Corporal John Southam, Joseph 

Moyer, James 

COMPANY D. 

Barr, Jacob 

COMPANY F . 

Luckinbill, Charles Oswald, Jacob 

Keller, Jeremiah 



Three Years, or the War. 153 

COMPANY a. 

Goodman, Lawrence Wetzel, Jr., William 

McQuade, Francis ' Vogt, William 

W^etzel, Sr., William Briglit, Sergeant William V> . 



NINETY-FIFTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL GUSTAVUS W. TOWN. 
Campbell, Peter Umbouhower, Joliu 

Sands, David 



NINETYSEYENTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL H. K. GUSS. 
COMPANY D. 

McCanly, Corporal William 



NINETY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL JOHN F. BALLIER. 

Seddinger, H. K. (hospital steward.) 

COMPANY A. 

Jacobs, George Deitrich, Levi 

Smith, Feter Earny, Joseph 

COMPANY B. 
Zimmerman, Henry Frank, Lewis 

C ?»1 P A N Y C . 

Pvindergnecht, Jacob 

C ]M P A N Y D . 

Koehler, William Ediuer, Joseph 

COMPANY E. 

Wasser, Jacob Strohm, Frederick 

COMPANY H. 

Marquett, George Weiss, Henry 

COMPANY K. 

Kramer, John Bloom, John 

Stahley, William Headerly, Frederick 

Hetterling, Frederick 



NINETY-NINTH REGIMENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL ASHER S. LEIDY. 
:^[aloy, Michael Keim, John 

Maloy, Stephen Kerns, John 

Durrah, James Sullivan, John 

Williams, Henry Hammell, John 

C iM P A N Y C . 

Lewis, John Williams, William R. 

Tomkinson, Peter Hughes, Morgan 

Whitmire, Charles Beadle, John 

Thomas, Robert Russell, Thomas 

Mullhall, James Russell, William Samuel 

13* 



154 Three Years, or the "War. 

COMPANY D. 

Hummel, Jolm JNIcKernan, John 

Rice, James 

C M P A xN Y F . 

Murphy, Andrew Schweider, John 

Toohey, James 

C M P A N Y K . 

Foley, Patrick Feannery, James 

Stcelfax, Samuel 



ONE HUNDREDTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

COLONP]L D. LEASURE. 
Palm, Dr. 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIRST REGIMENT, P. Y. 

colonel D. r>. MORRIS 
Winkler, Jenkins Blunt, Joseph 

COMPANY I_. 

Brown, Lieut. George L, Tomkinson, Joseph 

Perry, Sergeant Jolm Beiter, Jacob 

Strauser. Joel Went, Jacob 

Fritz, John Wingenfield, Adam 

Berkman, Henry Weiss, Jacob 
^lorris, Richard 



ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL W. W. H. DAVIS. 

Kennedy. Jonathan 

COMPANY H. 

Nuncmacher, Moses IMiller, Benjamin 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL WAKE FlKLl) W. (M)RBUT. f 

Anspach, Daniel Kline. Edmund 

C M P A N Y C . 

Dunster, Sergeant Isaac A. 



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL F. G. MOORHEAD. 
Jones, George U. (luusician.) 

C M P A NY D . 

Jones, Lieutenant William M. 



ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL THOMAS F. McCOY. 
Dinger, Nathan KraflFert Sau^uel 

Zeigler, John Kyau, John 

Hetherington, James B. JiVkens, Isaac V 

Sullivan, John 



Three Years, or the War. 155 

(j M P A N Y A . 

Cochlin, James Ziegler, John 

COMPANY B. 

Work, John M. Weber, John 

Mander, George Moore, Capt. James A. 

COMPANY C. 

Scheck, Christian 

COMPANY D. 

Ponehugh, John Kelly, Patrick 

Sullivan, Thomas Brennan, Thomas 

McCarty, Jeremiah Sullivan, Thomas 

Keilly, Edward Mannriller, Harrison Wm. 

COMPANY a. 

Hershman, Folletin Lehr, John 

Heilner, Francis Reed, David 

Hoyer, Benneville Scheck, Frederick 

Miller, Reuben Sterner, William 

Miller, Wendel Snyder, Nicholas 

Carl, Moses Nagle, George 

Dietrich, Ellis Clouser, Philip 

Huber, George Chance, Lieutenant Hiram 

Heckler, Henry Kegey, Henry 

Hoy, Henry Fox, John 

Lehman, Samuel 



ONE HUNDRED AND NINTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL H. J. STAINROOK. 
Purcell, James Mentzel Edward 

COMPANY F . 

Bowen. John Williams, Evan 

McGill, James - Humphrey, Sergt. Jonathan 

Powell, John Edwards, John 

Ridley, George 

COMPANY K. 

Stewart, George 



ONE HUNDRED AND TENTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL WILLIAM D. LEWIS, Jr. 
Palm, Asst. Surgeon P. 11. Wiggan, Thomas 

COMPANY a. 

Blunt, Joseph 



ONE HUNDRED AND TWELFTH REGT., P. V. 

(2d Artillery ; 

COLONEL A. A GIBSON. 

BATTERY B. 

Eichly, Adam 



156 Three Years, or the "War. 



B A T T E 11 Y G . 

Downing, E. Butler Pott, Dick 

Wren, John Y. 

BATTERY I. 

Heisler, Augustus Mover, Miltou 

Beek, Wells 



ONE HUNDRED & THIRTEENTH REGT., P. V. 

(12th Cavalry.) 
COLONEL L. B. PRINCE. 
Morgan, John C. Henric, Adjutant G. AY. 

COMPANY I. 

Frederick, Reuben 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL ROBERT E. PATTERSON 

Welden, Crist opher Oxrider, John W. 

Welden, William Casey, Robert 

Ferno^Y, John F. McCabe, Alexander 

COMPANY A. 

Boyd, .Tames Partington, William 

Collins, John 

COMPANY B. 

McCarn, Sergeant Barney Coningham, M. 

Rearden, Michael 



ONE HUNDRED & SIXTEENTH REGT., P. V. 

COLONEL DENNIS HEENxVN. 
McCave, Alexander O'Brien, Edward 



ONE HUNDRED & SEVENTEENTH REGT., P. V. 

(13th Cavalry.) 

COLONEL JAMES GALLAGHER. 

COMPANY A . 

Kleckner, Corporal Isaac Zimmerman, Joseph 

Iluth,, George Landig, John 

Leiser, Lewis Andrews, William 

Zimmerman, Jacob Thomas^, Benjamin F 
Gilbert, George 

COMPANY B. 

O'Shea, Sergeant Edward 0"Shea, J. L. A. 

Ilaldeman, Levi Hetfner, William 

Welsh, Daniel Thomson, James 

Rumble, John H. Dutiy, John 
Calloway, William 



Three Years, or the War. 



15T 



Hendricks, John 
Miller, John 
Lutz, Joshua H. 



COMPANY D. 

Billig, Jonathan 
Lewis, Morgan 



COMPANY 



Bickleman, Fritz 
Spaats, Joseph 
Rooney, Christopher 
Herbert, Thomas 



E. 

Lovett, Thomas 
Kane, James 
Paul, Charles 



COMPANY F 



Henry, Gottlieb 

Shire, Thomas 

Falls, William H. 

Cunious, John 

Miller, Daniel 

Mackechney, Corporal Robert 

Klinger, Louis 

Smith, Godfrey 

Managan, Jeremiah 

Mullen, James 

Rhoads, Matthias 



Brienig, Daniel 
Murry, Joseph 
Faust, Charles 
Lutz, John 
Richards, George 



COMPANY 



Murphy, William 
Craft, George 
Murry, James 
Costello, James 
German, Richard 
Luck, Isadoah 
Phillips, John P. 
Fox, Philip 
Lutz, S. H. 
Lutz, J. D. 

H. 

Kroll, Jacob 
Salmon, James 
Glassmeyer, A. H. 
Smith, Edward F. 



ONE HUNDRED & EIGHTEENTH REGT , P. Y 

(Philadelphia Corn Exchange.) 
COLONEL CHARLES M. PROVOST. 
Simpson, William Beard, Samuel T. 

Frantz, Adam Maingay, Robert A. 

CO MPAN Y I. 

Seiders, Joseph L. 



ONE HUNDRED & NINETEENTH REGT., P. Y. 

COLONEL PETER C. ELLMAKER 
COMPAN.Y A. 

Delong, Adam 



ONE HUNDRED & FIFTY-SECOND REGT., P. Y. 

(3rd Artillery.) 

COLONEL ANGOBARTH. 

BATTERY F. 



Porter, Lieutenant Joseph N. 
Flaherty, Anthony 



Darby, Maxwell 
Hogan, Patrick 



158 Three Years, or the AVar. 

ANDERSON (15th PENNA.) CAVALRY. 

COLONEL W. J. PALMER. 
This body was originally organized as a single company, to act 
as a body-guard for Gen. (the Fort Sumter Major) Anderson, 
when he was ordered to take charge of the Department of Ken- 
tucky. It numbered a hundred young Pennsylvanians, selected 
for their intelligence and moral worth. In this Company were 
the following named young men from SchuPj'lkill County : 

Jones, Cliarles Henry Kram, Wellington J. 

Jones, Ivens R. 

The Company after rendering excellent service in the West, was 

increased to a battalion, and finally to a regiment, with Captain 

Palmer as Colonel. The following named young men enlisted in 

it from this County : 

Guldin, John Beak, Charles E. 

Holmes, David E. Beck, Theodore F, 
Morris, Robert C. ' Morgan, Henry W. » 

Halberstadt, Alfred M. Kear, Richard C. 

Moore, Horace A. Bannan, John N. 

Fame, Edward Rahn, Oscar 

Gable, William Bratton, Charles W. 

Jones, Thomas A. Lefler, Frank 
Henderson, James 



JOHN WEIDMAN'S CAVALRY COMPANY 

Mease, Isaac Lehrer, Abraham 



FOURTH PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY. 

C M P A NY E . 

Sullivan, Patrick Hughes, Sergeant John C. 



FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY 

Pugh, Henry Whalen, James 

Hughes, John Harris, Henry 

Rice, James , Davis, William 

COMPANY A. 

Harrison, Henry 



SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY. 

Rowe, Robert 



McC ALL'S BRIGADE FLYING ARTILLERY. 

Umbenhower, William 



Three Years, or the War. 159 

INDEPENDENT CO. OF ENGINEERS, P. V. 

Fyant, Lieut, Joseph 



HARRIS' PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

Ferguson, Stephen Lawler, James 

Lawlev, Martin 

COMPANY E. 

Christopher, Michael 



IN PHILx\.DELPHIA REGIMENTS, 

(numbers and companies not ascertained.) 

Bradley, William Boggs, William 

Cosgrove, James McDonald, Alexander 

Fisher, James Johnson, Patrick 



'' SCOTT LEGION." 
COMPANY A . 

Brennan, Patrick 

GEN. NEGLEY'S BODY-GUARD. 

CAPTAIN VAN CLE^V. 
Edmonds, Thomas 



"ANDERSON ZOUAVES." 
COMPANY A. 

Delay, John 

SIGNAL CORPS. 

Patterson, Lieut. Theodore F. Garrett, Charles 

Curry, John Hodgson, Francis M. 



GEN. THORP'S STAFF. 

Whitfield, Lieut. Albert G. 

GEN. JOHNSON'S GUARD. 

Ferguson, Stephen 

j "McLEAN GUARDS, CHIPPEWA REGIMENT." 

' Morton. Thomas 



160 Three Years, or the War. 

IN EEGIMENTS OF OTHER STATES. 



FIRST NEW JERSEY REGIMENT. 

Haley, Thomas 



SIXTH NEW JERSEY HEGIMENT. 

McCormick, James 

COMPANY E. 

Lavebrecli, Archibald 



FOURTEENTH NEW JERSEY REGIMENT, 
C M P A N Y B . 

Dengler, Johnlsr. 



IN A NEW JERSEY REGIMENT, 

(number not ascertained.) 
Maley, John 

FIRST NEW YORK CAVALRY. 

Nunemacher, Joseph 



THIRD NEW YORK CAVALRY. 

Reilly, Thomas 



SEVENTH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

Smith, Joseph 



TENTH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

Gordon, David 



THIRTY-THIRD NEW YORK REGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

Coates, Robert 



rniRTY-SIXTH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

C M P A N Y H . 
Kane, Patrick 



FORTIETH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 
COMPANY G. 

Burns, William (lost left arm in battle.) 



Three Years, or the War. 161 

FORTY-EIGHTH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

Duffy, Owen 



FIFTY-SEYENTII NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

Jones, William Jones, Evan 



SIXTY-^NINTH NEW YORK REGIMENT. 

Riley, Jolm Fealty, Patrick 



ONE HUNDRED & FOURTH N. YORK REGT. 

C M P xi N Y I . 

McWilliams, Jolm 



NEW YORK EXCELSIOR REGIMENT. 

Ilartz, Adjutant Wilson 

sickles's'brigade. 

Spatz, Frank 



IN NEW YORK REGIMENTS, 

(Numbers ami Companies not ascertained.} 
Dolan, Terrence Burns, Michael 

Haffy, Condy • Kershner, Lewis 



TWENTIETH MAINE REGIMENT. 

Davis, Henry 



FIFTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT. 

COMPANY E. 

Amthower, Conrad 



EIGHTH VIRGINIA REGIMENT. 

Loeser, Colonel Lucien 



FIFTH OHIO CAVALRY. 

Nierman, Charles 



NINTH OHIO REGIMENT. 

COLONEL McCOOK. 
Brandner, A. G. 



TENTH OHIO REGIMENT. 

COMPANY E. 

Olaspire, William McGlinchey, James 

14 



162 Three Years, or the War. 



SIXTEENTH OHIO REGIMENT. 

COLONEL De COURCEY. 

COM PANY E. 

De Silva, Lieut. Manuel B. 



EIGHTEENTH OHIO REGIMENT. 

C jM P A N Y E . 

Leib, Valentine H. 



TWELFTH INDIANA REGIMENT. 

Kocli, William J. 



TWENTIETH INDIANA REGIMENT. 

Long, James D. 



TWENTY-THIRD INDIANA REGIMENT. 

Nunemaclicr, George 



THIRTY-THIRD INDIANA REGIMENT. 

Houseman, Charles 



THIRTY-NINTH INDIANA REGIMENT. 

Koch, Francis 



FIFTY-EIGHTH INDIANA REGIMENT. 
COMPANY H . 

Goo<.I, Sei'geant 'Uriah Jones, Zaccarias 



EIGHTH ILLINOIS CAVALRY. 

Deibert, Jacob 



FIFTEENTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. 
COMPANY H. 

Small, Rudolph 



EIGHTY-FOURTH INDIANA REGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

Taylor, Charles N. | 

IN INDIANA REGIMENTS, 

(Numbers not ascertained.) . 
Greenawalt, Aaron Medlar, Charles 

Loni?, James 



Three Years, or the War. 163 

NINETEENTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. 

COLONEL G. T. TURCIIIN. 
C O i^I P A N Y K . 

Campbell, George P, 



FIFTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS REGIMENT. 

Casey, Corporal John 



IN ILLINOIS REGIMENTS, 

(Numbers not ascertained.) 
Saylor, ^lorgan F. Steele, William 



SECOND IOWA REGIMENT. 

Rausli, Thomas 



FIFTH IOWA REGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

Godling, William 



NINTH IOWA REGIMENT. 

COLONEL Yv'M. VANDEEVER. 
COMPANY E. 

Bovrman, Dr. J. . 



EIGHTH MICHIGAN REGIMENT. 

Scliissler, William 



FIFTH WISCONSIN REGIMENT. 
G ^1 1* A N Y D . 

Evans. Allen Foster, .Tosej)h 

Evans, John Foster, Yvllliam 



SIXTEENTH WISCONSIN REGIMENT. 

COMPANY C. 

Evans, William Britt, Jacob 



FIFTEENTH KENTUCKY REGIMENT. 
COMPANY G. 

PkUpp, Joseph 



TWENTY-FOURTH KENTUCKY REGIMENT. 

COLONEL GRISBY. 

COMPANY I. 

De SilTa, Sergeant Benjamin Pott 



1^4 



Three Years, or the War. 



THIRTY-SECOND TENNESSEE REGIMENT. 

Devine, James 



TWENTY-FIFTH MISSOURI REGIMENT, 
COMPANY II. 

Weller, Sergeant Joiin- 



SECOND CALIFORNIA CAVALRY. 

Werner, William Henr}^ Harrison 



I^^ THE EEGULAR SERVICE. 



THE A. R ]SJ: 1l" 



T 



FIFTH ARTILLERY. 



Andrew?. I>enj. Franklin 

Bojle, Edward 

Boyle, Robert 

Buggy, Patricdc 

Munliall. John 

Xowrie. Robert 

Powell, John Jones 

Wlialen, James 

VVillioms, Daniel Richard 

Williams, Corporal John 

Tanfield, Patrick 
(J'onner, John 

Donehue, John 

(friftith, Tliomas 

iiarris, Henry 

llaggeriy, Robert 

Morn, Abraham 
Higgius, Thomas P. 
Jenkins, James 
Jones, David 
Keller, Charles A. 
McCJee, Edward 
Nixon, William 
Na>Ylan, John 
NicoUs, John 
O'Neal, Francis 
Fugh. Henry 



COMPANY 

Henry, John 



Condron, James 
Cull, Edward 
Eyans, James 
Edwards, William 
Fury, Charles 
Hcllsliaw. Creorcre 
Kelly, John D. 
McLauglilin, Sergt. Jame* 
Morgan, John 
Porter, John 
Ptice, James 
Rae, Robert 
Spencer, Jolin E. 
Straub, Henry 
Tate, Patrick* 
Walborn, John 
Wrigly, John 
Welsh, James 
Brennan, Thomas 
Coller, Edward 
Ferguson, Robert D. 
Ferguson, Robert 
Jeffries, John 
Thomas, John 
Kane, James 
Glennin, Michael 

K. 



Three Years, or the War. 165 

COMPANY C. 

Morgan, Jolin Riland, Peter 

Morgan, Daniel 

COMPANY E. 

Levens, Thomas Grimes, Peter 

Day, Elias 

COMPANY a. 

Brennan. Lawrence Sheriff, Jacob 

Bruton, Lawrence McClellan, Daniel 

Barnes, Richard Douehugh, Thomas 

Craven, Patrick Da}-, Alexander, 

Campiield, James Redmond, James 
Kelly. Patrick 

COMPANY H. 
Leatherman, Jacob 

COMPANY K . 

Walsh, William Brennan, Michael 

Harrisan, William II, 

COMPANY L. 

Mayberry, Franklin De Lacy, Lewis Bonnerville 

Hummel, Daniel Brennan, William 

McGovern, Patrick Davis, Francis 

Owens, Thomas Clarey, John 

Harrison, Francis Ratchford, Patrick 

Owens, Henry Scott, Thomas 

Dougherty, Daniel Smith. Francis 

Porter, Corporal James Cowby, William 

Tobin, John Troy, Robert 

Cresswell, Thomas Carr, George 

Harrison, Thomas Sullivan, Dennis 

Potter, James Sullivan, Martre 
Collahan, Thomas 

COMPANY F , 

Sullivan, Dennis Scott, Thomas 



SIXTH ARTILLERY. 
COMPANY a. 

Pepper, Michael Letterman, J. 

SHERMAN^BATTERY. 

Lavell, Thomas 



FIFTH CAVALRY. 

Leib, Capt, Edward T. Weaver, Charles 

W'ilson, John H. 

SIXTH CAVALRY. 

COLONEL W. H, EMORY. 
Everly, William Kane, John 

Everly. Morris Kelly, Thomas 

Turner, Thomas 

*14 



166 Three Yeahs, or the War. 



COMPANY H. 

Mattern, Corporal "William Lawler, Martin 

Bird, John Brennan, James 

Mills, Benjamin Lucas, Charles 

Fields, Henry Davies, Joseph 
Heck, Abraham 



THIRD INFANTRY. 

McCool, Lieutenant Joseph A. 



FIFTH INFANTRY. 
COMPANY F. 

Donly, Arthur Weike, Yan Buren 

Delany, Dennis ^ Weike, William 

Williams, Francis *" Arerline, C. 

IMorgan, David 



SIXTH INFANTRY. 

Bartholomew, Lieut. W. H. Feilas, Henry 

Davis, Joseph Hough, Patrick 

Mills, Benjamin 

COMPANY B. 

Dacy, Martin, Biland, Peter 

JNIcCormick, John Stevens, John 

Henrie, John 

COMPANY K. 

How, Patrick 



EIGHTH INFANTRY. 

COMPANY E. 

Wineland, Geof2;e 



TWELFTH INFANTRY. 

White, Sergeant William L. 
COMPANY A. 

Coogan, Richard 
COMPANY D. 

Manuel, Thomas 



THIRTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Lynch, William Griffith, William R 

Lloyd, William Coogan, Richard 

Dunlevy, James Corcoran, Patrick 

Warlow, John Lynch, William 

McCarty, John Miller, John 

Conneflf, John Rafterty, William 

Williams, Thomas R. McGlone, Thomas 



Three Years, or the War. 



167 



COMPANY G. 

Brennan, Michael 



FOURTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Gerdon, Dudley Higgins, William 



SIXTEENTH INFANTRY. 

Griffith, William R 



EIGHTEENTH INFANTRY^ 

COLONEL HENRY B. CARRINGTON. 
Snyder, Lieutenant. Louis T. 

COMPANY E. 

Leib, Valentine Henry 

COMPANY F. 

Ebcrt, John 



REGIMENTS NOT ASCERTAINED, 



Baird, Captain Henry 
Hartz, Captain Edward 



Frantz, Matthias 



IN UNITED STATES HOSPITALS. 



Beach. Surgeon William 
Turner, Ass't. Surgeon Thomas 
Herrington, Surgeon C. P. 
Livermore, Surgeon 
Levering, Surgeon John G. C. 



Ileilner, Henry 

Carpenter, Surgeon John T. 

Sillyman, Surgeon Henry R. 

Parry, Surgeon Henry C. 



MEDICAL CADET. 



Saylor, George 



IN COMMISSARY DEPARTMENT. 



Daniell, William 
Lebo, William B. 



Straub, G. M. 
Hewes, John G. 



IN SECRET SERVICE. 

Byerly, Samuel 



THEE 3SrA.VY 



Bannan, Surgeon Douglass 
Weber, Surgeon Robert L. 
Hodgson, Ass't Eng. Rich. M. 
Petherick, Ass't Eng. Thomas 
McDonough, Michael (marine) 



Potts, Ass't Eng. Howard D. 
Pryor, Acting Master F. G. 
Kelly, Thomas 
McDonald, James 
Bannan, John 



168 



Three Years, or the War. 



The Navy. — Continued. 

McGee, Patrick 

Fegley, George (marine) 

Ccrger, George H. 

Bassler, S. S. (Captain's clerk) 

Brannan, James 

Carr, James M. 

Carr, John 

Gray, John 

Eiley, Edward 

Yost, William (marine) 

Peale, William S. 

Evans, John 

Carroll, Patrick (marine) 

Cribbens, Thomas (marine) 

Rose, William (marine) 

Hippie, John (marine) 

Stevenson, John (marine) 

McDonough, Thomas (marine) 

Corby, Thomas 



Holmes, Samuel (marine) 
Ewing, Robert T. 
Dolan, James 
Saylor, Albert 
Bentley, Thomas 
Britt, John 
Barnett, William J. 
McGee, Patrick 
Haughton, Stephen 
Matig, John 
Stevenson, John 
Finigan, Patrick 
Barndt, William John 
Dougherty, John 
S=hay, John 
Mullineause, Henry 
Weaver, John 
Carpenter, James 
Parker, Ass't. Eng. Hiram 



GBAND KBCAPITULATION. 

The following is a grand recapitulation of tho Volunteers from 
Schuylkill County, in the service of the United States, for three 
years, or during the war : 



Forty-eighth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 

Fiftieth . " 

Ninety-sixth " 

Fifty-fifth " 

Seventh Cavalry (Eightieth Reg.,) 

Third '' (Sixtieth '') 

Sixty-seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania 

Twenty-third " 

Twenty-sixth " 

Twenty-seventh " 

Twenty-eighth " 

Twenty-ninth " 

Thirtieth " 

Thirty-first <' 

Thirty-second " 

Thirty-third " 

Thirty-fourth '' 

Thirty-fifth " 

Thirty-sixth " 

Thirty-seventh " 

Thirty-eighth " 

Thirtv-niuth " 



1007 

230 

113U 

90 

2G-1 

108 

GO 

4 

1 

32 

3 

1 

16 

12 

1 

16 

12 

26 

2 

5 

9 






Carried forward. 



3039 



Three Years, or the War. 



169 



Grand Recapitulation. — Continued. 

Brought forward, 
Fortieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 

Forty-first '' " " 

Forty-second " *' " 

Forty-third (1st Art. Reg.) " " 

Forty-fourth (1st Cav " ) '' " 

Forty-sixth Regiment " " 

Forty-seventh " " *' 

Fifty-second " " " 

Fifty-sixth " " " 

Fiftv-seventh " *' " 

Fifty-eighth " " " 

Fifty-ninth (2d Cav. Reg.) ♦' ** 

Sixty-first Regiment ♦• " 

Sixty-second " *' " 

Sixty-third " " " 

Sixty-fourth (4th Cav. Reg.) " " 

Sixty-fifth (5th " " ) " " 

Sixty-sixth Regiment '• " 

Sixty-ninth " '• " 

Seventieth (6th Cavalry Reg.) " " 

Seventy-first Regiment " " 

Seventv-second " . " " 

Seventy-fifth " " 

Seventy-sixth " " " 

Seventy-seventh " " '* 

Seventv-ninth " *' " 

Eighty-first '« " " 

Eighty-second " " " 

Eighty-third " " " 

Eighty-fourth " " " 

Eighty-eighth " " " 

Eighty-ninth (8th Cav. Reg.] " 

Ninetieth Regiment " " 

Ninety-second (9ih Cavalry Reg.) " 

Ninety-third Regiment " " 

Ninety-fifth 

Ninety-seventh " " " 

Ninety-eighth " " *' 

Ninety-ninth " " *' 

One Hundredth " '* " 

One Hundred and First Regt. " *' 
One Hundred and Fourth 
One Hundred and Fifth " 

One-Hundred and Seventh " " 

One Hundred and Ninth " " 

One Hundred and Tenth 

One Hundred and Twelfth (2d Art. Reg.) " 
One Hundred and Thirteenth (12th Cav.Reg.)" 

One Hundred and Fifteenth Regiment " 

One Hundred and Sixteenth " " 



3039 

30 

1 

1 

14 

6 

8 

4 

80 

17 

3 

.3 

1 

2 

1 

1 

1 

43 

1 

13 

27 

1 

3 

32 

38 

"1 

1 

29 

1 

2 

8 

7 

17 

22 

13 

21 

3 

1 

19 

27 

1 

13 



43 

10 

3 

3 

12 

2 



Carried forward, 



359S 



170 



Three Years, or the War. 



Grand Recapitulation. — Continued, 

Brought forward, 3593 

One Hundred and Seventeenth (13th Cav.Reg) 60 

One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment " 5 

One Hundred and Fifty-second(3d Art. Reg.)' 4 

Anderson (15th Penna.] Cavalry " 20 

Capt. Wm. Thompson's Comp. (17th Pa. Cav.)" 93 

John Weidman's Cavalry Company " 2 

Fourth Pennsylvania Artillery " 2 

Fifth ii u <t 7 

Seventh " " " 1 

McCall's Brigade of Flying Artillery *' 1 

Independent <Jompany of Engineers, Penna. " 1 

Harris' Pennsylvania Cavalry " 4 
In Philadelphia Regiments [number and 

companies not ascertained] '< 6 

"Scott Legion" " 1 

Gen. Negley's Body-guard *' 1 

"Anderson Zouaves" ~^ " 1 

Signal Corps " 4 

Gen. Thorp's Staff " 1 

Gen. .Johnson's Guard " ^1 

"McLean Guards, Chippewa Regiment" " 1 

First New Jersey Regiment " 1 

Sixth " " " 2 

Fourteenth " " " 1 
In a New Jersey Regiment [number not ascertained,] 1 

First New York Cavalry " 1 

Third " " " " 1 

Seventh New York Regiment " 1 

Tenth " " " " 1 

Thirty-third " " " " 1 

Thirty-sixth <' " «' " 1 

Fortieth " " " " 1 

Forty-eighth " " " " 1 

Fifty-seventh" " " " 2 

Sixty-ninth " " " " 2 

One Hundred and Fourth New York Reg. " 1 

Sickles's Brigade " 1 

New York Excelsior Regiment " 1 
In New York Regiments [numbers and 

companies not ascertained] " 4 

Twentieth Maine Regiment " 1 

Fifteenth Massachusetts " " 1 

Eighth Virginia " " 1 

Fifth Ohio Cavalry " 1 

Ninth " Regiment " 1 

Tenth " " " 2 

Sixteenth <« '< «< 1 

Eighteenth " " " 1 

Twelfth Indiana " " 1 

Twentieth " " " 1 



Carried forward 



3843 



Three Years, or the War. ITl 



Grand Recapitulation. — Continued. 

Brought forward 3843 

Twenty-third Indiana Regiment " 1 

Thirty-third " " *' 1 

Thirty-ninth " " *' 1 

Fifty-eighth " " " 2 

Eighty-fourth " " *' 1 
In Indiana Regiments [numbers 

not ascertained] •' 3 

Eighth Illinois Cavalry " 1 

Fifteenth '' Regiment " 1 

Nineteenth '• " " 1 

Fifty-fifih " " " 1 
In Illinois Regiments [numbers 

not ascertained] *' 2 

Second Iowa Regiment " 1 

Fifth ;* '* " 1 

Ninth " " •' 1 

Eighth Michigan '' " 1 

Fifth Wisconsin " " 4 

Sixteenth '• " •* 2 

Fifteenth Kentucky Regiment " 1 

Twenty-fourth '^ "- '' 1 

Thirty-second Tennessee Regiment '• 1 

Twenty-hfth Missouri " •' 1 

Second California Cavalry " 1 

Fifth Regular Artillery Regiment " 104 

Sixth " - " '• " 2 

Sherman's Regular Battery '' 1 

Fifth ■' Cavalry " 3 

Sixth ^' '• " 14 

Third " Infantry " 1 

Fifth <: u '4 7 

Sixth " " " 11 

Eighth " •' " 1 

Twelfth " '• '• 3 

Thirteenth " •• " 15 

Fourteenth '' •• •' 2 

Sixteenth *■• " . *' "^ 

Eighteenth " '• " 3 

Regular Regiments not ascertained " 3 

In United States Hospitals " ^ 

Medical Cadet " 1 

In Commissary Department " 4 

In Secret Service " 1 

United States Navy " ^ 



Total, 4,007 

On Tuesday, November 5, 1861, testaments and needle-books 
were presented to the members of the Ninety-sixth Regiment, at 
their camp on Lawton's Hill, Pottsville, by the ladies of the place. 
Rev. Mr. Washburn made the presentation address. 



172 Three Years, or the War. 

November IG, intelligonce received of the victory at Port 
lloyal, S. C. The Fiftieth llegiment, P. Y., Col. B. C. Christ, 
formed part of the expedition. A portion of the command was 
on the steamer "Winfield Scott." Thej were caught in a severe 
wale, and it was with the greatest difficulty the vessel was saved. 

The Forty-eighth Regiment, P. V., landed at Hatteras Inlet, 
N. C, November 12, and was stationed at Fort Clark. 

November 30, Rev. S. F. Colt, Chaplain of the Ninety-sixth- 
Re<Timent, in behalf of the officers of the command, acknowledu;ed 
the reception of nearly 200 volumes of Harper's Library, for the use 
of the Regiment, '^procured mainly by the^efforts of presentand form- 
er pupils of Miss Allen's Young Ladies' Seminary, at Pottsville." 

In December a flag, 20 feet long by 10 wide, was sent from 
Schuylkill County, to Capt. James Wren, Co. B., Forty-eighth 
Regiment. It was intended to float over Fort Clark, of which the 
Captain had command. 

The Company acknowledged the receipt of the present, as follows : 

[CARD.] 
FoiiT Clark, Hatteras Inlet, X. C. \ 
Jan. 1st 18G2. j 
To THE Citizens of Schuylkill CoUxNty :— Co. B, of the 48th Regt., 
r. v., being the recipients of a handsome flag, furnished them by your 
generosity, set apart New Year's day to the hoisting it upon Fort Clark, 
which pleasing ceremony was performed in the presence of Col. Naglc. 
Major Nagle, and the Chaplain, and Co. B, amid a multitude of cheer? 
and cries of "long may it wave." After the flag had been flung to tlui 
breeze, Col. Nagle and our worthy Captain made a few appropriate 
remarks, Avhich were eagerly listened to, after Avhich the Chaplain offered 
up a patriotic prayer. The committee on resolutions then withdrew, ami 
adopted the following, on behalf of the Company : 

Resolved, That we, officers and members of Co. B, do offer our sincere 
tliauks to the citizens of Schuylkill County, for their extreme kindneee, 
in bestowing upon us such a beautiful emblem of the free. 

Resolved, That the members of Co. B, in their inflnite gratitude to the 
kind donors, do hereby re-pledge their word of honor, that they shall 
ever be true to the noble flag of our country, which has so ruthlessly 
been trampled upon by rebellious feet, in defence of which they will 
shed their life's-blood, if necessary. 

Resolved, That the members of Co. B, shall make this flag the special 

object of their pride and care so long as it shall remain in their power. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the Minkrs' 

Journal, for publication, through which medium our friends may be 

made acquainted with our doings, &c. 

Serg't Jno. Geo. Basslee, 
" Wm. H. Hitmbs, 
Committee on Resolutions, in behalf of Co. B, iSth Fa. Rer/t. 



Three Years, or the War. 173 

Mareli 14, the Forty-eightli Regiment reached Newbern, N. C, 
und eaeamped on the battle field. 

In Jmne, 18G2, the Miners' Lodge, I. 0. of 0. F., donated a 
spacious lot in Odd Fellows' Cemetery, Pottsvillc, for the burial of 
4eeea9ed soMiers.. A pafeiotic and liberal act. 

lu JiRne, 1"S62, €di James Nagle of the 48th Reg., P. V., was 
aippointed a Brigadier General. 

' (3n Juty 5, 18G2, the 48th Regiment reached Fortress Monroe, 
■the advance of Gen. Burnside's force to co-operate with Gen. 
McCIellan in operations against Richmond. 

Ji?.iy 2G, intelligence received of the capture at Murfreesboro by 
the rel3els, of Maj. J. J. Seifeert of tbe M l^/.talion, 7th Pa. Cavalry. 

The particulars of his capture are contained in the following letter : 

Nass^yllle, Juli/ loth, 1802. 

About 4 o'clock on tlic moruino; of tlie 13tb, tlir«e regiments of Texas 
i; angers, and two regiments of Georgia Cavaky, entered the town of 
Alurfreesboro", to whicli tliey were guided by the farmers in the neigh- 
borhood. They first came upoa the Esarcsue cccupied by Major Seibert, 
and would perhaps have passed it ako>^ctiier, ha4 it not been for one of 
The men. vdio raised the fly anl Avas going to shoot, when the :Major 
seeing the number of the enemy, s.nd knowing the danger of such a rash 
act. pulled him back. They had scarcely got away when the rebels 
pommencd firing into the marque. The INlajor s cap, which was on the 
table, was completely riddled with bullets— they t^ien left, not seeing 
Jiim. He, finding it impossible to get the remaitiing few of his command 
out at all,' [most of them being on a scout,] worked his way over to the 
ilth Michigan, where he thought of course,* the rebels could be driven 
i)ack. A good thing occurred while he was again trying to get liis men 
in line with the I\Iicliigan Bovs. He had on a pair of private's pantaloons, 
and was in his shirt sleeves, had an old musket, put on the belt, and was 
standing with his men, wlien Gen. Dufiield, not knowing him in his new 
suit, sai°d to him, "Why don't you get into line?"' whereupon the Major 
rook his place in the ranks. When the General again came along the 
line, he said, "what has become of Major Seibert?'" The Major laugh- 
ingly came walking out of the ranks, saying, "here I am."' The General 
apologised, and laughingly said, "that is a pretty good joke. ' The 
Major is safe, but is a prisoner with General Crittenden, Colonel Lo'steis 
r^olonel Parkhurst, and a lot of Captains and Lieutenants. All of the 
privates who were captured were released at McMinville, but the officers 
were taken to Chattanooga. I regret the capture of the young Major. 
He is a fine officer, and has won not only the highest respect of both 
officers and men of his regiment, but is acknowledged to be a universal 
favorite with all who know him. He was at the time of the breaking 
out of the rebellion practicing law very successfully at Tottsville, Penn- 
sylvania, and was among the'first to respond to the call of the President, 
and served as Lieut.-Colonel in the Cth Pennsylvania infantry. After 
the expiration of the term of enlistment, he returned home, and was 
actively engaged in recruiting for the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, which 
for some months past have done much service in Tennessee. P. P. 

15 



THE CALLS IN 1862, FOR TROOPS. 



During the Summer of 1862, the exigencies of the service re- 
quired a call by the President for three hundred thousand volun- 
teers, which was speedily followed by an order for a draft of three 
hundred thousand militia for nine months' service. 

Under tbe call for volunteers, Gov. Curtin of Pennsylvania, on 
the 21st of July, issued a proclamation of which the following is a 
copy : 

J'cnusj/lvania, ss : 

111 the name and by the authority of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, Andrew G. Cuhtin, Governor of the said Commonwealth : 

rilOCLAMATION. 

To sustain the Government in times of common peril by all his energies, 
his means, and his life if need be, is the first duty of every loyal citizen. 
The President of the United States has made a requisition on Pennsyl- 
vania for twenty-one new regiments, and the regiments already in the 
field must be recruited. 

Enlistments will be made for nine months in the new regiments and 
for twelve months in the old. Tlie existence of the present emergency is 
well understood. No patriot will pause now to investigate its causes. 
We must look to the future. Everything that is dear to us is at stake. 
Under these circumstances, I appeal with confidence to the freemen of 
Pennsylvania. You have to save your homes and your firesides, your 
own liberties and those of the whole country. I call on the inhabitants 
of the counties, cities, boroughs, and townships throughout our bo-rders 
to meet and take active measures for the immediate furnishing of the 
quota of the State. Let those who cannot go themselves contribute to 
provide bounties equal at least to those offered by the adjoining States. 
The Constitution prohibits me from drawing money from the treasury 
without authority of law, and I will not cast a doubt on the patriotism of 
our citizens by assuming the necessity of calling the Legislature at this 
time. This is no time to wait for legislative action and the negotiation 
^ of loans. Delay might be fatal. 

To put down this rebellion is the business of every man in Pennsyl- 
vania, and lier citizens will show on this occasion that they do not wait 
for the slow process of legislation, and do not desire to throw on the 
treasury of the Commonwealth a burden which they are individually 
ready to bear themselves. 

The conduct of our men already in the field has shed immortal lustre 
on Pennsylvania. Let their brethren fiy to arms to support them, and 
make the victory speedy as Avell as certain. 

I designate below the number of companies which are expected from 
the several counties in the State, trusting to the support of her honor in 
this crisis, as it may be safely trusted to the loyalty, fidelity, and valor 
of her freemen. Whilst the quota of the several counties is fixed equita- 
bly so as to fill the requisition for twenty-one regiments, let not the loyal 



The Calls in 1862. 175 



people of an}'- county limit their exertions to the enlistnieut of the 
companies named. Our heroic sons of Pennsylvania have moistened 
every battle-field -with their blood. Thousands have bravely died, de- 
fending the unity of the Republic and the sanctity of our flag, and other 
thousands have fallen sick and wounded, and their places must be 
filled. 

Freemen of Pennsylvania I Friends of the Government, of order, and 
of our common nationality, one earnest struggle and peace will again 
dawn upon us a happy, prosperous, and united people. 

Given under my hand and the great seal of the State, at Harrisburg, 
this twenty-first day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred and sixty-two, and of the Commonwealth the eighty-seventh. 

By the Governor, A. G. CUllTIN. 

*EL1 SLIFER, Secretary of the Commoniccalth. 

In the schedule of apportionment for the State, Schuylkill's 
quota was fixed at five companies. 

The Governor's Proclamation was enthusiastically responded to 
by the citizens of the County. A War Meeting was called, to be 
held at the Court House on Tuesday afternoon, July 29. The 
meeting was largely attended by people from every section of the 
County. 

The officers of the meeting were : 

PRESIDENT : 

COLONEL JOHN BANNAN. 

VICE presidents: 

George W. Snj'-der, Jacob S. Laurence, 

Jacob Huntzinger, Jr., Bartholomew O'Reagan, 

Thomas Foster, Alexander Jeffries, 

William Milnes, Jr., J,ohn H. Guertler, 

James Sillyman, Philip Edwards, 

Joseph W. Cake, A. Bolton^ 

Hon. Solomon Foster, Charles Marsh. 

Benjamin Pott, Chas. W. Pitman, 

Gottlieb Schauble, Charles Baber, 

L. M. Thompson, Burd Patterson, 

William Lerch, Benjamin Haywood, 

Daniel Deibert, John Ruch, 

Wm. P. Bishop, Peter D. Luther, 

John S. Graham, John Shippen, 

Thomas Wren, Richard Morris, 

David Beveridge, Samuel Huntzinger, 

Daniel Dillman, James L. Nutting.^ 

John Seitzinger, Esq., Emanuel Boyer, 

Isaac Ward, George W. Matchiu, 

Dr. A. Schultz, Samuel Reber, 

Dr. R. H. Coryell, John Feustermacher, 

F. B. Dreher, Samuel Morris, Jr., 

Evan Evans, James G. Cochrane, 

Dan'l. B. Althouse, George Patterson, 



176 The Calls in 1862. 



Charles Bensinger, Silas Strouse, 

Herman Neuman, Jerome K. Boyer, 

James R. Cleaver, Anthony Garner, 

Benjamin Evert, Ferdinand Boedefeld, 

Thos. E. Williams, James Smith, 

Wra. Donaldson, Uriah Gane, 

llicbard Kear, J. Oliver RhoadiB>, 

Daniel 11. Bennett, Dr. B„ Beckeiu. 

SECRJ9TA>B1ES:: 

F. B. Wallace, F. B. GowBn>, 

W. R. Potts, Esq., John XL Downing; 

Walter Sedgwick, Wm. L. Whitney, 

Wju. a. Hammer, Henry Huhn. 

Spirited speeches were made Ijy Mjer Strouse, Esq., Kev. S. F. 
Colt, lion. James H. Campbell, Benj. Haywood, Esq., Capt. C. 
Tower, and Lin Bartholomew, Esf{. 

The following powerful resolutions, offered by Captain Tower, 
were adopted unanimously and with great enthusiasm : 

The citizens of SehuyJltili! C'Gnnij assembled in mass meeting, this 
twenty-ninth day of July, 1862, ai Pottsville, do declare and resolve : 

1st. That we recogniy.e- and' prcclaim it as the duty of freemen to re- 
member always, that "Eternali vigilance is the price of Liberty," and to 
volunteer, at once to arms, in; defance of their institutions, whenever they 
are assailed by either a foreign: or domestic foe. 

2d. That we will respond to the call now made by the President of the 
United States for 300,000 men to sustain the country, its Constitution 
and laws, and to crush out fv rebellion which exists without any cause 
or provocation, and will furnish our quota of the mea with alacrity ; and 
we now announce to tlie world, that we will hereafter, from time to time, 
add to the 5,000 volunteers already gone forth from among us, as many 
more as may be needed, and speedily too, whenever called for, to frus- 
trate conspirators and traitors and put down rebellion. 

od. That wc approve of the giving of a home relief to the volunteers 
who shall answer the present call, in addition to the advances to be 
made them by the United States, and Ave recommend to the Commission- 
ers of the County to provide and pay, by means of a loan or otherwise, a 
relief, under existing hiws, of fifty dollars to each volunteer iu the live 
companies allotted to Schuylkill County. 

4th. That we regard as our friends only those who are loyal, and we 
mark as enemies all those who oppose the Government of our country, 
either in arms, or by giving "aid and comfort" to those who are in 
arms against it ; and we Avill support the President of the United States 
unqualifiedly, with all our means, if need be, and with all our might, in 
any and all measures necessary to subdue the rebels and scatter their 
aiders, abettors and sympathisers. 

Ath. Thiil-we hail, with great satisfaction, and as promising early and 
entire success, the policy now adopted of pushing on the war against the 
rebellion without lenity and without protecting the property of rebels, 
and we entreat the President and all Government officers, civil and mili- 
tary, to go on henceforth aggressively, "conquering and to conquer "" 



The Calls in 1862. 177 

the rebels and all their sympathisers, with vigor and rapidity, and ivitJi 
all the power and means of every kind, which he and they can command 
everywhere. 

6th. That we will not suflFer any interference in the present, war by 
any foreign nation, or any dictation or advice from any quarter in re- 
gard to the manner of our conducting the war or closing it, and we 
pledge to one another and to the world, that we shall promptly and fully 
resent and resist any attempt at intervention in any way in our affairs, 

A Committee, appointed at a preliminary meeting, held July 24, 
to confer witli the Associate Judges and County Commissioners, 
made the following report, which was unanimously adopted : 

The undersigned Committee, appointed at a preliminary meeting, held 
at the Court-house, on Thursday, July 24th, 1862, for the purpose of 
conferring with the Associate Judges and County Commissioners, to 
ascertain whether the County authorities would make an appropriation, 
under existing laws, to such volunteers who would enlist under the call 
of the Governor of this Commonwealth, in pursuance of the recent requi- 
sition of the President of the United States, respectfully report: 

That they have conferred witli the Associate Judges and County Com- 
missioners, and they have unanimously answered that they are willing 
to make an appropriation of $25,000 for the purpose indicated, provided, 
the citizens of Schuylkill County, in County meeting this day assembled, 
shall recommend the same. 

Your Committee, therefore, report the following resolution for tke 
consideration of this meeting : 

Resolved, That the citizens of Schuylkill County, in County meeting 
assembled, hereby recommend and instruct the County Commissioners to 
make an appropriation of twenty-iive thousand dollars, for the purpose 
of granting relief to volunteers and their families, or those dependent on 
such volunteers for support, in the proportion of tifty dollars to each 
man who shall thus volunteer. fj. W. Roseberrt, 

j Edw. Owen Parry, 
Committee -\ Myer Strouse, 

I James H. Campbell, 
[ Jacob Dewees. 
PoTTSViLLE, July 29th, 1862. 

War meetings were held also in Port Carbon, Schuylkill Haven, 
and other places in the County. The effect of this action was, 
that in a week, the quota of the County, under the requisition, 
was more than full. 

The men furnished under that call were as follows 



15* 



178 TnE Calls in 1862. 

THE NINE MONTHS' VOLUNTEERS. 



OKE HU]N'DRED AND TWENTY-NINTH REG. P.Y. 

Colo7iel— JACOB G. FRICK. 
Lieutenant- Colo7iel — J. Armstrong. 
llajor — JosKPH Antuony. 
Adjutant — D. B. Green. 
Quartermaster — Wm. F. Pattebs&n. 

The foTlowiucr comnanies composed the regiment : Captain E. G. Rehrer'?, Tamaqna ; 
Captain Dever'sT Port"Carbou ; Captain Levi Leib's, Ashland ; Captain William Wren'e, 
Pottsville; Captain George Lawrence's, Miuersville; Captain Stoneback's, Captain 
Thomasns, Captain Taylor's, Captain Eckart's, Northampton County ; Captain Shimk'fc, 
Montgomery County. 

COMPx\NY A. 

Captain— Q'EQV.G^ J. LAWRENCE. 

1^^ Lieut. — William W. Clemens. 

2d Lieut. — Samuel Richards. _ 

1st Sergeant — John S. Silver. ^ 

2d do. Joseph C. Haskins. 

M do. John M. Heilner. 

4.th do. Charles ¥. Falls. 

bih do. ^Villiam E. Kline. 

list Corjwral — John Mathews. 

2d do. Albert W. Sterner. 

dd do. William Dyer. 

4:th do. Geo. W. Wythes. 

&th do. Joseph Smith. 

(:>th do. Georoe Spencer, 

7th do. Joseph Forney. 

Sth do. Jacob Zimmerman. 

Drummer — Uichard K. Levan, (drum-major.) 

Pifcr — Samuel Achenbach. 

Wagoner — Peter D. Eby, 

Cornpawj CYer/i;— Theodore P. Frazer. 

PRIVATES. 

Atkins, W^illiam I><^vis, ALel 

Ault, Mathias Davis, Thos. B. 

Allan, Samuel >^vans, David _ 

Alexander, John Edwards, Lewis 

Adams, Richard Forney, Edward 

Allan, John Forney, Henry 

Bannan, William Groom, Samuel J. 

r,rennan. James Heckman, Jeremiah 

Bright, Daniel R. Harris, Stephen 

Bri'>-ht, Harrison Heckman, Geo. Warner 

Ber'^er, Jacob Hesser, John AV. 

Constantine, Charles Hughes, Patrick 

Confire, Samuel Howells, Rosser 

Cloppier, Peter Hollman, John 

Clouser, Simon Heisler, Joseph 

Dorrmer, Matthew Howells, Wm. H. 

Davis, Wm. L. Humphrey, Benj. 



The Calls in 1862. 



179 



Company A, 129th Regiment — Continued. 

IIoflFenden, George 
James, John 
Jones, Richard 
Jefferson, John 
James, Thomas 
Jenkins, Byron A. 
Jones, John M. 
Jones, William J. 
Jones, AVilliam D. 
Kunfare, Samuel 
Lee, Eli 

Labenburg, Lewis 
Lyons, William 
Laramy, Charles 
Lee, George 
Lyons, Mark 
Lauclerman, Henry 
Miller, Elias 
Miller, John I. 
Maize, George 
Mullin, John 
Millington, Thomas 
Mohan, Michael 
Miller, Henry 
McCormick, Barney 
Morgan, Thomas 
Nicholas, John 
Nixon, Joshua 
Owens, Thomas 
O'Neal, James 
Parry, Henry 
Parry, John 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, - - - 

Wagoner, _ _ _ 

Clerk, 

Privates, . - - 



Robertson, William 
Rooney, Patrick 
Ryan, James 
Robins, John S. 
Robins, William J. 
Robins, Henry S. 
Roehrig, Charles H. 
Robins, Newsome B. 
Schopp, AVilliam 
Sutton, John 
Seltzer, Albert 
Smith, John 
Sponsler, William C. 
Sweeney, William 
Tempest, Martin 
Tanner, Albert 
Taylor, John 
Taylor, Henry C. 
Williams, Wm. J. 
Wythes, James S. 
Wythes, Thomas H. 
Webb, Edwin 
Weiser, James S. 
Welsh, Peter S. 
Williams, William 
Weiser, George W. 
Williams, Thomas M, 
Youse, Jacob 
Zimmerman, John P. 
Zulick, Thomas H. B. 
Zimmerman. Jacob 



1 ^ 



1 
1 

08 



Total, 



118 



COMPANY B. 



Captain~\NIhLlA.lSl WREN, Jr.. 
1st Lieut. — M. V. B. Coho. 
2d Lieut. — Jacob Parvin. 
1st Serjeant.— ^Y^l. G. DeTurk. 

A. G, Yeager. 

James Edwards. 

Daniel W. Freeman. 

Richard Jones. 
-Jou'N W. Coho. 

JosEi'ii Bodefield. 

Isaac B. Ricn. 



2d 


do. 


2d 


do. 


Alh 


do. 


5th 


do. 


1st 


Corporal 


2d 


do. 


2d 


do. 



180 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company B., 129th Regiment — .Continued. 
4th Corporal — Fhancis Sinclair, 
bth do. Evan Humphrkys. 

Uh do. George D. Ben singer. 

1th do. George W. Staats. 

8//i do. Theo. Koch. 

Drummer — AVm. H. Sterner. 
Fifer — .John Staiil. 
C'omjHtivj Clerk — George W. Keiter. 
Quartermaster — Theodore Thorn. 



. PRIVATES : 



Atkins, William 
Anspacli, Israel 
Binder, Francis 
Bedford, George 
Brown, Peter 
Bernsteel, Edward 
Betz, Henry W. 
Bobb, Conrad 
Clark, Franklin 
Cake, Edward 
Crawsliaw, Daniel B. 
Daddow, Joseph 
Davis, Griffith 
Davies, John H. 
Davis, Thomas 
Dauflinger, Augustus A. 
Davis, Shadrack E. 
Davis, John 
Deivert, Charles F. 
Dudley, John 
Edwards, Richard 
Edwards, Edward 
Egalf, John 
Evans, Clay W. 
Ferguson, Anthony 
Fredericks, John 
Ferguson, Patrick F. 
Fisher, Eli R. 
Gartley, George W. 
Gressang, William F. 
Gallagher, Anthony 
George, John 
Gotloab, William 
Gillespie, Dominick 
Glime, William F. 
Grimer, James 
Guertler, AVilliam D. 
Haeffer, William 
Hodgson, Edward A. 
Hart, Daniel D. 
Helms, William A. 
Hess, Constantine 
Uirsch, James 



Hoffman, William 
Homer, Solomon 
James, John 
Jennings, John 
I\line, Reuben 
Knowles, John 
Kleinevt, Charles 
Lewis, David 
Laughlin, Daniel H. 
Lewis, Thomas H. 
Major, John 
Matter, William H. 
Mattern, Ephraim 
McBarron, John 
McLaughlin, Charles 
Mortimer, William W. 
Mitchell, John 
Mullen, John 
McElrath, William 
Martin, James 
Morgan, David 
Moyer, John W. 
Miller, Daniel 
Miller, John 
Noles, John 
Neiman, Benjamin 
Parensteel, Edward 
Pinter, Francis 
Powells, .Jacob 
Probert, Tliomas 
Purnell, Isaac 
Rich, Jonas M. 
Ptaber, Edward 
Rigg, John 
Riley, Thomas 
Rowley, Samuel 
Rushworth, Samuel 
Spohn, Franklin 
Smith, Francis H. 
Smith, Robert 
Shook, Frederick 
Shlotman, August 
Shoemaker, John F. 



The Calls in 18b"2. 



181 



Company B, 12ttlh! Regiment 

StaLle, Henry 
Stodd, WilliaiM 
Saylor, J. Benton 
Triese, John C. 
Thompson, Alexander 
Thornton, Thomas 
Tracey, Thomas 

Commissioned Offis-ers^ 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, - 

Clerk, 

Quartermaster, 

Privates, 



Continued. 






llaomiais, John S. 
Uren, Rishard 
"Wallace-, Daniel 
Weise, John' 
Watkius, George- 
Yerger, Eli 
Zimmer. Emil 


* 


- 


- 


o 


3, 


1 


»>• 


-- - - 


_ 


2 


- - - 


- li 

- 101 



Total, 



12] 



COMPANY E. 



Captain—^. GODFREY REHRER. 
1st Lieut. — William S. Allebach, 
2d Lieut. — Robert L. Leybukn. 
Orderly Sergeant. — Jacob IT. Martz. 
2d do. Elijah T. Bodet. 

'dd do. William Shoemaker. 

4//t do. John T. Bond. 

5^/i do. Webster D, Dbeheb., 

1st Corporal — Lewis S. Boner. 
2c? do. Jacob Roberts, Jr. 
M. do. Jeremiah Messersmith. 
Ath do. Charles H. Sneath. 
hth do. Absalom K. Whetstone. 
6i!A do. Leonard Bowers. 
1th do. Pierce Bousman. 
Sth do. George F. Becker. 
Drummer — Albert Moter, 
PRIVATES : 



Allen, Thomas 
Allen, William 
Bacher, James 
Bailey, Clarence E. 
Brown, Jacob T. 
Becker, Franklin 
Bear, John 
Becker, Nathan 
Billman, Solomon 
Blum, Christopher N. 
Boner, James 
Brown, AVilliam M. 
Bond, John 
Becker, Henry 
Becker, James 
Bishop, Jacob S. 
Bond, Dr. George 
Booth, William 



Dorflinger, Augustus 
Diutinger, John 
Dunuigan, Joseph 
Day, Samuel 
Davis, William W. 
Donaldson, S. F. 
Eynon, John 
Faust, Samuel 
Gallagher, Edward 
Grover, Ernst 
Gallagher, Edward 
Haldeman, William H. 
Hartung, Daniel 
Heine, Amos 
Hoppes, Elias 
Houser, Benjamin 
Houser, F. AV, 
Hendricks, C. H. 



182 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company E, 129tli Regiment — 

ilartung, Gideon 
Hile, Jonas 
Horn? Dr. Jolin 
Houser, Joseph 
Huntzinger, S. 
Jolinson, William W. 
Kanffman, E, 
Koclier, Grideon 
Kleckner, Joshua 
Klecknei', Henry 
Krause, Adam 
Lotze, William 
Longacre, J. S. 
Lutz, Harrison L. 
IMoyer, Lewis 
Moyer, Daniel M. 
Moyer, Albert W. 
Millei', xilexander 
Moyer, Daniel H. 
McMahon, Michael 
Nutz, George 
Neyer, Moses 
Oswald, James 
Tveinhart, Willoughby 
Rex, William 
Reppart, William 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officer 
Musician, . - - 
Privates, 



Continued. 



Rill, David 
Reeser, William H. 
Raegart, August 
Reicheldeifer, D. 
Robinson, Wm. H. ]^ 
Sassaman, Elias 
Schultz, William 
Shoener, Daniel 
Singley, Isaac 
Specht, Conrad 
Schultz, Henry 
Sheaffer, John 
Shoener, Francis H. 
Snyder, Elias 
Speece, John L. 
Trout, Franklin 
Walker, G. ^N. 
Weythel, Franklin 
Wommer, Asher 
Wagner, Jacob 
W^ertman, John L. 
Wilford, John B. 
Zimmerman, David 
Zehner, Stephen 
Ziegler, George W. 



13 
1 

87 



Total, 



104 



COMPANY G. 



Ca2nain—\.Y.\l C. LEIB. 
\st Lieut. — Erastus M. Furman. 
2d Lieut. — John H. Sciiall. 
l.s-^ Sergeant. — Franklin Kluse. 
2d do. George Bailey, 

?jd do. Patrick Collier, 

4th do. Daniel Leic. 

bth do. Henry Boughner. 

Is;; Corporcd — Aaron Lambertson. 

Stephen Reese. 

John Busycomer. 

Edward C. Murray. 

Michael Shopbell. 

Franklin Bensinger. 

Philip Mumberger. 

Joseph Fetterman. 

ZULICK. 



2d 


do. 


od 


do. 


4th 


do 


bth 


do. 


Cjth 


do. 


7lh 


do. 


Sth 


do. 



Musician — Thomas H. B 
PRIVATES: 



Ayers, Alfred 
Boyer, John B. 



Bensinger, Francis W. 
Bensinger, William F. 



The Calls in 1862. 



183 



Company G, 129tli Regiment — Continued. 

Biltz, Lewis 
Bickley, Thomas R. 
Conway, Neil 
Conner, Charles 
Chewllew, John B. 
Crow, Gabriel 
Conrad, Charles II. 
Colburn, Moses 
Cobes, Joseph 
Clever, William 
Dreher, Aaron 
Davis, Isaac 
Darr, John 
Daniels, Mark 
Davis, David D, 
Driesbach, Lewis 
Dunkelberger, Samuel 11. 
Dupont, Henry 
Davis, Francis 
Engle, .John 
Fritz, Blacious 
Fetterolf, Joseph 
Fisher, Elijah 
Gillham, Gregory 
Hull, William 
Hollister, Franklin 
Houser, Theodore 
Hutzinger, Philip 
Hampton, Baltes M. 
Jones, Benjamin 
Kerr, Jacob 
Kelly, Luke 
Kessler, Andrew 
Krapp, Charles 
Keiper, John 
Learn, Thomas 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musician, - - - 
Privates, - _ _ 



Llewellyn, Richard 
Levy, Josepli 
Murray, Barnard 
Moyer, Frederick 
Mann, John 
Morris, Thomas 
Major, George 
Payne, Joshua 
Price, William W. 
Price, George 
Philips, John A. 
Pettit, Samuel 
Palmer, Strange J. 
Reichart, Augustus 
Steenhilbert, AVilliaiu 
Steenhilbert, Jacob 
Shannon, James 
Smith, Adam S. 
Shoppel, Michael 
Smith, George S. 
Shelley, Jacob 
Snyder, Daniel 
Shultz, John 
Stellfox, Samuel 
Straub, Charles 
Trerathan, John 
Ward, Patrick 
Williams, George 
Wentzel, Jonas 
Walter, William 
Werkel, AVilliam 
Williams, William 
Zimmerman, Samuel 
Zimmerman, William 
Zartman, Henry W. 



1 

7G 



Total, 



93 



COMPANY H 

Ccqy1ain—:iO\m A. DEVERS. 
\st Lieut. — William Lercii. 
2d Lieut. — Edwaed Wertley. 
1st Sergeant — John B. Steel. 
2d do. John Woolley, 

2>d do. George Minnes. 

Ath do. Samuel H. Eargood. 

bth do. William Quoit. 

1^^ Corjyoral—^Qii'S. Elliott. 



184 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company H, 129tli Regiment— Cbn^imi^^?. 

2d Corporal — William E. Webster. 



Sd do. Jabez 


WOOLLET. 




4th do. William Bracefield. 


^{7i do. James 


Martin, 




Qth do. James 


Walsh. 




7th do. Gkobrb H, Lercii. 


Sth do. Martin Tempest 




Musicians — Char l e s 


H. May, Cyrus A. Schucker. 




PRIVATES 


-' 


Ash, Samuel 




Plolloway, Josepli 


Andrews, Joha 




Jcnes, Joseph 


Brouglicall, William 




Lees, Eli 


Bracy, George 




Lime, James 


Beaumont, Charles 




Xiime, Isaiah 


CiTcher, Franklin 




Lambert, Enoek 


Barr, George W. 




Lewis, David 


Bowman, Henry 




Lerch, Henry 


J)rown, John W. 




MuUin, John 


Bunibersbach, Peter 




McCabe, John 


Cannon, jMichael 




McCabc, Josepk 


Conner, Edward 




McCord, John B. 


Conner, James 




Major, Joha 


<^rawley„ James 




Keff, Isa^jc 


Davis, William 




^)rmai5, Henry 


Delong, Elias 




Oliver, Tobias 


Davis, Griffith 




Osman, William H. 


Dengus, John W, 




Payne, George H. 


Elliott, Jacob 




Roe, Thomas 


Eclv, Charles 




Bobbins, James 


Eldridge, John 




Roe, John 


Ford, Oswald 




Richards, John 


Ferguson, Patrick 




Reed, Robert 


Freed, George 




Sneden, David 


Oorgas, Lewis H. 




.Smith, John W. 


Grove, William 




Sudden, William 


Harrison, John 




Shoener, Richard H 


Hopkin, Richard 




Spang, William 


Ilain, Peter 




Uhler, Simon 


Howard, David 




Vemont, Charles 


Haas, Wellington P. 




Wertley, Jacob H, 


JIaslem, John 






Commissioned Officers, 


- 3 


Non-commissioned 


Officer?, 


13 


Musicians, 


- 


_ >> 


Privates, 


- 


/■>o 



Total, 

RECAriTULATION. 
Field and Staif, - - - - 

Line-commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - - . 



81 



4 

15 
65 

8 



The Calls in 1862. 



185 



Wagoner, 
Clerks, 

Quartermaster, 
Privates, 

Total, 



1 
2 

1 

427 

523 



ONE nUl!TDREr) AND TWENTY-SEVENTH EEGL 

MENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL ^\. AV. JENNINGS. 

[The followin^^ are the Schnvlkill County members. The names not published, num- 
bering twenty-nine, belong to Lebanon County.— Editor.] 

COMPANY C. 

Fisher, Elijah. 

COMPANY K. 

CapiamSyiLLlXM FOX. 
lf<t Sen/cant — Danikl Downey 



6(1 do. 
bth do. 
\st Corporal- 
4/A do. 
7th do. 



ElCHARD BeRTOLETT, 

T. Henry Bechtel. 
Lewis M. Yost. 

Pv. G. LUCKENBILL. 

Augustus Klock. 



Wagoner — AVm. J. Barr. 



PRIVATES; 



Aum, Heury 
Bumberger, Samuel 
Brown, George 
Banks, Paul 
Berkheiser, Henry 
Berger, Benjamin 
Brigel, Franklin 
Ebcrt, George 
Fessler, Ellis 
Feger, Henry 
Geiger, Charles 
Goebel, Benjamin 
Herbert, Charles 
Hautz, Elias 
Hummel, Jacob 
Hutton, William L. 
Heckman, Edward 
Hay, Christian 
Heckman, Edward A. 
Keller, Frederick 
Klahr, Franklin 
Kantner, Charles F. 
Lengel, George 
Lehman, Amos 



Lessig, lleubcu 
Leidy, Daniel 
Lush, James I. 
iNlinnich, Charles 
Martz, Samuel F. 
^loyer, Reuben 
^NIcMaree, James 
Maberry, Charles 
Pierman, Isaac H. 
Prigel, Samuel F. 
Rupp, Dr. John 
Ringer. Franklin E. 
Reber, Lewis B. 
Reber, George W. 
Strauser, William 
Schreckengust, Samuel 
Strouse, John 
Springer. Charles 
Snyder, Jeremiah 
Thomas, Joseph R, 
Upchurch, Theodore F. 
Williams, Milton 
West, John 
Whittle, John 

16 



186 



The Calls in 1862. 



Commissioned OflBcers, 
Non-commissioned OfiBcer?, 
^Vagoner, - - . 
Privates, . . . 



Total, 



1 

6 

1 

48 

56 



*l 



ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-SEVENTH REGI- 
MENT, P. V. 

COLONEL II. M. BOSSERT. 



COMPANY 

Burns, Mieliacl 

Brannan, James 

Bandegrast, James 

Cocoran, Patrick 

Culloglian, John P. 

(vonner, Charles 

Cowen, John 

i'luiligham, Peter 

Conner, John C. 

Doualiue, James 

Donahoe, Edward 

Donoho, Patrick 

Durkin, Tliomas 

Farrel, Michael 

Commissioned Officers, 
Privates, , . . 

Tofal, - - - - 



K. 

llalley, John 
Ilannan, James 
Hoarn, Thomas T. 
liaman, John B. 
Joyce, Thomas 
Kelly, Patrick 
Lanckton, John 
Langton, Martin D. 
Malarkey, Roger 
Monahon, Bartholomew 
McLaughlin, Capt. Dennis 
Tige, Michael 
Tigh, Michael 

- 1 
26 



ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-FIRST REG., P. Y 
COMPANY I. 

Ca;,,'am— WILLIAM L. GRAY. 

1st Lieut. — ]f. II. Merklk. 

'2d Lieut. — C. P. Potts. 

'Id Sergeant — John Cohoon. 

Zd do. CriAiiLEs Bartolett. 

■iih do. Joseph Kantnkk. 

!')th do. Thomas Morgan. 

1.5:^ Corporal — Elias Babtolktt. 

ith do. John Buchanan. 

5th do. Jacob II. Haertlkr. 

7th do. Frank W. Berkheiser. 

Sth do. John Hendricks. 

Musician — Lewis Lebengood. 

Wago?ier — George W. Coover. 

PRIVATES : 
Auchanbach, Jonathan Bacon, Albert 

Brcsler, Daniel Dillman, Daniel 

Brennan, Patrick Dillman, Benjamin 



The Calls in 1862. 



18^ 



Company I, 151st Regiment- 

Delp, William 
Duncan, John C. 
Delcamp, Klias 
Deitricb. John 
Ehly, Franklin 
Eichlev, Adam 
Feslcr, Daniel 
Fesisler, Micliael 
Fisher, Jacob 
Feltcn, llenry 
Gray, William 
IFowser, Samuel 
Hoffman, AV. H. 
Hendricks, Commodore 
llohmakre. Jacob 
Hummel, Anthony 
Hilbert, Daniel 
Heurich, Charles 
Hendricks, William 
Jones, Isaac 
Knabb, Levi 

Commissioned Officers 

Non-commissioned Offi 

Musician, 

Wagoner, 

Privates, 

Total, 



Continutd, 

Louby, Jacob 
McCarty, Harvey 
Manning, William 
Maclure. John 
Moyer, William 
Miller, Anson C. 
McLaughlin, William 
Palsgrove, Stephen 
Kunkle, John 
Heed, Jeremiah 
Ranch, Jacob 
Starr, Jeremiah 
Schwenk, Samuel 
Schwartz, Oliver 
Schnerring, Peter 
W'esner, William 
Yeik, Daniel 
Zimmerman, John 
Zimmerman, Benjamin F. 
Zechman, George 



cers, 



9 

1 

1 

47 

61 



C APT. JONES' COMPANY OF PROVOST GUAIiD. 

This Company durin<x it? term of service did arduous duty at IIarri.«barg and Waj?!*- 
■a^tou. The muster-roll is as follows : 

CiqUain—^'V. LLINGTON JONES. 
'ist Linit. — Pbeston Carpenter. 
Id Lieut. — Charles F. Rahn, 
\si Sergeant — Samuel Jones. 

Lewis Long. 

Alrert F. Deibert. 

John Hahn, 

Samuel Vanderhbiden. 
' — John Moser. 

George Goodman, 

John Berkueiser, 

W^illiam M. Wagner, 

Francis H. Mover, 

Henry Huntzinger. 

David C. Brown. 

Jacob Ripkes, 
Wagoner — 'Augustus L. Ykagkr. 

PRIVATES: 

Aichey, William Behm, Reuben 

AUspach, Marcus Berger, Daniel 



2d 


do 


?.d 


do 


4th 


do 


bth 


do 


1st ( 


7orj) 


2d 


do 


'M 


do. 


4th 


do 


bth 


do 


i^h 


do 


7th 


do 


iith 


do 



188 



The Calls in 1862. 



Capt. Jones's Company of Proyost Guard — Continued. 



Blackard, Lewis 
r>robst, Samuel K 
lirown, Edwin 
Baker, Thomas 
Berklieiser, Daniel 
(■oiler, Israel 
CoUer. James 
Deibert, G. W. 
Ditzler, Henry 
Daner, Charles 
Deibert, Henrj'^ 
Drey, Andrew- 
Drey, Daniel 
Dress, John 
Drey, Marcus 
Ebele, Joshua 
Eckroth, John 
Emerick, Joshua 
Ebele, Sol 
Emerick, Jonathan 
Frederick, James 
Faust, George W. 
Eaust, Daniel H. 
Fritz, Joseph 
Fritz, Moses 
Garret, Gideon 
Grover, Peter 
Holder, H. C. 
Hoffman, Jonathan 
Hoffman, James 
Hoffman, Henry 
Hardenstine, Henry 
Homraes, Charles 
Hern, John W. 
Klock, Horace 
Kaump, Sol 
Kaump, Reuben 
Kramer, George 
Kramer, Samuel 
Kramer, Thomas 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Wagoner, _ . . 
Privates, _ , . 

Total, - 



Krammes, William 

Loy, Lewis 

Lackens, William 

Lawrence, Charles H. 

Lawrence, Sol 

Lawrence, Jeremiah 

Lindermuth, Jacob 

Lehman, Jeremiah K. 

Moyer, Edward C. 

Moyer, Jacob M. 

Moyer, Conrad 

Moyer, June 

Moyer, James 

Meek, David 

Mill, John 

Mengle, Denilla 

Mann, Thomas H. 

Miller, Levi P. 

Murphy, Daniel 
Moser. William 

McGuire, Henry 

McGlone, Thomas 
Neitinger, Henry 
Potts, Martin 
lleininger, John 
lleber, George E. 
Eeber, Thomas 
Schrader, Jacob 
St. Clair, Charles 
Stray er, Daniel 
Strouse, Samuel 
Sassaman, Moses 
Stout, Daniel 
Sheridan, Daniel 
Stein, Henry 
Wagner, Martin 
AVagner, Adam 
Weller, Benjamin 
Young, James 

- 3 
13 

- 1 

83 



100 



ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FOURTH REGI- 
MENT, P. V. 

COLONEL JOSEPH W. HAWLEY. 
Stager, Sergt. Henry I. Philips, John W. 



The Calls in 1862. 180 

ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-EIGHTH REGI- 

MENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL SAMUEL CROaSDALE. 

Helwig, Ass't Surg. Theo. A. Seidcr, John 
Smith, Jeremiah 

ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTIETH REG., P. V. 

COLONEL HENRY L. ZIM. 
Alexander, Sergt. John W. Alexander, James 



ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-SECOND REGI- 
MENT, P. Y. 

COLONEL R. A. OAKFORD. 

COMPANY G. 

Yeager, Daniel S. Hay, William F. 

Williams, J. F. C. 

ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-THIRD REG., P. V. 

COLONEL F. B. SPEAKMAN. 
COMPANY A. 

Slack, William Grimes, James 



ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY -SIXTH REG.,P. Y 

COLONEL THOMAS M. BAYARD. 
Philips, Corporal R. P. H., 



ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-NINTH REG., P. Y 

COLONEL J. H. COLLIER. 
Meyers, Theodore Meyers, James 

ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-FIRST REG., P. Y 

COLONEL MADLE. 
COMPANY K. 

Scott, Sergeant D. W., 



ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-SECOND REG. P. A' 

COLONEL CUMMINS. 
COMPANY K. 

McNaller, Bernard 



ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-SEYENTH REGI- 



MENT, P. Y. 

Riddle, Jacob 
16^ 



190 The Calls in 1862. 



GRAKD EECAPITULATIOK 

One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, - - 52;> 

" " " seventh Ilegiment, - - - 57 

" " Thirty-seventh Regiment, - - 27 

" " Fifty-first Regiment, - - - - 61 

Captain Jones's Company of Provost-guard, - - 100 

In other nine months' organizations, - - - - 18 



Total, 786 



DEATHS m NINE MONTHS' SERVICE. 

Marcus Drey, of Captain Wellington's Zouave Company of Provost 
Guard, died in Harrisburg, October '1, 1862. 

George Andrew Lerch, Company H, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth 
Regiment, died in Frederick City, Md., Nov. 11, 1802. 

liieut. Edward Wertley, Company H, One Hundred and Twenty- ninth 
Regiment, died Nov. 30, 1862. 

Captain George J. Lawrence, Company A. One Hundred and Twenty- 
ninth Regiment, died in Fredericksburg, Jan. 4, 1863, from wounds 
received in the battle of Fredericksburg. 

John Michael, Company B, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, 
died at Falmouth, Va., Jan. 6, 1863. 

Reuben Kline, Company B, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, 
died at Falmouth, Va., Jan. 8, 1863. 

Edward Reber, Company B, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ment, died at Falmouth, Va., Jan. 12, 1863, 

Joseph H. Heisler, Company A, One Hundred anl Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ment, died January, 1863. 

George H. Payne, Company H, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ment, died at Falmouth, Va., Dec. 25, 1862. 

Samuel Burklsart Richland, Jr., of Company G, One Hundred and 
Seventy-third Regiment, P. D. M., died in Camp Viele Hospital, Nor- 
folk, Va., Feb. 12, 1863. 

Asher Wooraer, Company E, One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ment. P. v., died in March, 1863. 

August 14, 1862, the Pottsville Cornet Band, which was with 
the Ninety-sixth Regiment, reached Pottsville, having been di?»- 
charged from the service under an act of Congress, reducing the 
number of bands. 

August 22, the band of the Forty-eighth Regiment reached 
Pottsville, having been oischarged under the operations of the 
same act. 



The Calls in 1862, 191 

THE FIRST THREATENED INVASION OF PENNSYL- 
VANIA. 

After the retirement from before Richmond, in July, 1862, of 
the army under General McClellan, the rebels became emboldened 
by their successes, and resolved to attempt a transfer of the war 
from the soil of the slave to that of the free States. Everything 
seemed favorable for the attempt, as the United States Govern- 
ment was organizing its new levies, and our. armies were separated. 
While the Army of the Peninsula was being transferred to xilex- 
andria, the rebels made a flank movement, in the hope of cutting 
off General Pope from his base; defeating him ; capturing Wash- 
ington, and invading Pennsylvania. Through the bravery of the 
forces under Pope part of the plan failed, after a raimber of san- 
guinary battles in the vicinity of Bull Kun, in which the Forty- 
eighth, Fiftieth, and other Pennsylvania Kegimonts, participated. 

Of the conduct of the Forty-eight llegiment in these contests, 
Henry Pleasants, Captain of Company C, wrote as follows, under 
date of 

Camp Near Alexandria, September 4, 18G2. 

After leaving the left of Pope's army, before the Rapidan, which posi- 
tion our Division (Reno's) occupied, we marched to Kelly's ford, across 
the Rappahannock. From this point we went to Rappahannock Station, 
thence along the northern side of the river to Sulphur Springs ; thence 
to Warrenton and on to Warrenton .Junction, where we rested for three- 
quarters of a day. From here we marched to Manassas Junction, and 
on to near Centreville, where we turned to tfie left and moved towards 
the Gap which leads to the Shenandoah Valley. Tl)is was on Friday 
morning. The action had already begun. We reached the battle-field 
at 1 P. M., and at 3 our Brigade, commanded by Colonel Nagle, wag 
ordered to attack the rebels in a thick woods. The Sixth New Hamp- 
shire Regiment formed on the left, the Second Maryland on the right, 
and the Forty-eight Pennsylvania fifty paces in their rear. Hardly had 
the column entered the woods when the action began — brisk, fiery and 
bloody. Our regiment was marching on with the teteadiness of regulars, 
when the battalions in front obliquing to the left and right, permitted 
us to advance quickly and occupy the intervening space, pi-omptly open- 
ing a destructive fire on the rebels. We advanced fii-ing for about a 
quarter of a mile, when Lieut. -Colonel Sigiried halted the regiment, and 
after causing the men to cease firing, ordered them to advance with the 
bayonet, which was done in gallant style — driving the enemy out of two 
ditches, (one of them an old railroad cut,) and going on beyond them. 
We had, however, not gone far before we received a volley of musketrj 
from behind. Thinking that we were fired on by some of our own troops, 
the regiment was ordered back to the nearest ditch, and our fire to the 
front resumed. From this time the tire poured on ours and the Nev 



192 The Calls in 1862. 



Hampshire regiment, was most terrific — from tlie front, left and rear. 
The more our colors were raised and spread out to the view of our sup- 
posed friends behind, the hotter and bloodier were their discharges. At 
last the rebel regiments made their appearance on our rear, when Colo- 
nel Sigfried gave tlie order to retreat by the right flank. The men stood 
this terrible fire without flincliing, obeying the orders of their officers, 
and firing to the front where the enemy was supposed only to be. The 
regiments of the brigade were promptly reformed after leaving the woods, 
and soon after were relieved by the Second Brigade. The next day, 
Saturday, we were present at the battle, supporting batteries, and being 
continuously under artillery fire from about 3 to 9 P. M. Our Division 
was the last to leave the. battle-field, which it did about 10 o'clock that 
night. Next day, although without hardly any sleep, rest or food, we 
were drawn up in line of battle until night time. On Monday, about 1 
P. M., our Division again marched from Centreville to Fairfax, protect- 
ing the train. Wlien about three or four miles from where we started 
we met the rebels, in force, posted in the woods and cornfields, and after 
fighting till dark, and being reinforced by General Kearney, Ave gained 
a complete victory, driving them for nearly a mile. Our regiment was 
under fire nearly the whole time, but supporting other troops in front, 
we could not return it. The loss of Saturday and Monday was \erj 
light, but that of Friday was tei-rible. The forest was converted into 
a slaugliter-house. Some companies of tlie New Hampshire were near- 
ly exterminated. Some of ours lost about one-half their men. The regi- ' 
ment lost 1-32 men. The Brigade, out of about 2,000, has lost over 500. 

Captain Bosbysliell; of the same Regiment, also wrote to us a let- 
ter as follows : 

Camp Forty-eighth Regiment, P. V., 1 
Near xVlexandria, Va., Sept. 3, 1862. / 

A spare moment I devote to giving you a short account of the doings 
of tlie Forty-eighth in the late battles near Bull Run. I'll not particu- 
larize about our long and tiresome march from Fredericksburg to Cul- 
pepper, &c., but suffice it to say, that we arrived on the Bull Run battle- 
field last Friday morning. Preparations were being made on every side 
for a fight, and we expected, of course, to have a hand in it. We were 
not disappointed. Three o'clock, Friday afternoon, Nagle's Brigade 
drew up in line of battle — the Second Maryland on the right, next the 
Sixth New Hampshire, and the Forty-eighth covering the latter regi- 
ment. Oft" we moved, over a clear field, to quite a dense wood, out of 
which we were to drive the rebels. The wood was skirted by a fence, 
which we had scarcely crossed — in fact, our regiment was just getting 
over it — Avlien bang ! bang I whiz ! whiz ! and the battle commenced. 
There was no use talking, however. Our Brigade went right in; walked 
steadily on, driving the rebels quickly before them, but losing men fast. 
A ditch or embankment, in which the rebels had shielded themselves, 
and from out of which tlie Brigade which entered the woods before ours 
failed to drive them, our Brigade assailed so fiercely, that it was soon 
cleared. The Forty-eighth had bayonets fixed. Some of the prison- 
ers wanted to know who they were with fixed bayonets, ancl what 
troops we were. When informed, they said they thought we must belong 
to " Burnside's fighting devils." 

The impetuosity of our men was great, and I believe we would have 



The Calls in 1862. 193 



gone clear througli the woods, without once halting, had not a strong 
flank movement been made by the rebels. They came around on our 
left, and opened a galling fire on our left flank and rear, which we did 
not return for some time, mistaking them for our own. When we dis- 
covered it, however, we answered lively, but they were too strong for us, 
with their raking cross-fire, and a retreat by the right flank was ordered. 
This we did in good order, returning fire for fire, and we got out in the 
clearing again, where the "rebs" dared not follow us. 

It is difficult to note all the incidents of personal bravery. Colonel 
Nagle was everywhere, cheering on the men, and barely escaped cap- 
ture. He was ordered to halt by the rebels several times, pursued and 
fired at, but escaped. Lieutenant John D. Bertolette, his acting assist- 
ant Adjutant-General, our late Adjutant, was wounded in the thigh, 
while ably attending to his duties. His aids, Lieutenants Blake and 
Hinkle, were actively engaged throughout the entire fight. Upon enter- 
ing the woods. Colonel Nagle and his staff left their horses at the fence, 
the woods being entirely too thick to ride through, and, in the flanking 
by the rebels, the horses were captured. The Brigade lost, in killed, 
wounded and missing, some 530 men. The Forty-eighth behaved exceed- 
ingly well, and did considerable damage to the ''Louisiana Tigers." 
Lieut. -Colonel Sigfried was in the thickest of the fray, encouraging the 
men by actions as well as words. He was ably seconded by Major Kauf- 
man and Acting Adjutant Gowan. But I cannot particularize ; all be- 
haved well; no one shirked, neither officers or men. 

Our loss is heavy, some 152 in killed, wounded and missing. The fol- 
lowing list I have taken from Acting Brigadier-General Nagle's report of 
the killed, wounded and missing in the Forty-eighth Regiment, P. V. : 

Killed, 7 

Wounded, 61 

Prisoners, - - - - - -10 

Missing, -_-_-- 74 



Total, 152 

Nearly all the missing have been ascertained to be prisoners, and will 
be paroled and released shortly. Reno's Division — our Brigade included, 
of course — was also in the action of Saturday, protecting batteries, &c. 
Towards evening we were ordered into the woods, where we went, but 
the darkness ended the fight before we exchanged shots Avith the enemy. 
Our Division was exposed to the shells and shots of the enemy nearly all 
day Saturday — (none in the Forty-eighth hurt; two of Company H, taken 
prisoners) — and was the last Division to leave the field. We retired 
fx'om the ground at o'clock, and by five next morning were in Centre- 
Tille. On Sunday we were picketed about two miles out of Centreville, 
and we met the Ninety-sixth on our way out. Monday afternoon our 
Division started for Fairfax, and was the first Division engaged in the 
fight at Chantilly, where the gallant Kearney and Stevens fell. The 
Brigade lost a number killed and wounded again, but the Forty-eighth 
escaped with two men slightly wounded, merely grazed. We were posted 
in a wood on the right, to prevent any flank movement the enemy might 
make. We remained on this battle-field until 3 o'clock Tuesday morn- 
ing, when we made for Fairfax, reaching it by sunrise. By 6 o'clock 
last night we reached our present quarters, almost fagged out with exces- 
sive marching and fatigue. The Fiftieth, Ninety-sixth, and One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-ninth, are all near at hand. 



194 



The Calls in 1862. 



At the time of these battles the Forty-eighth was in the First 
Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Army Corps — the Brigade com- 
manded by Colonel James Nagle. In his official report, Colonel 
Nagle placed the loss in the Brigade at 502 killed, wounded and 
missing, in actions of August 29th, 30th, and Sept. 1st. In the 
Forty-eighth Regiment the casualties, as ofl&cially stated, were as 

follows : 

Wounded. 

Lt. J. D. Bertolette, Act. A. Adj. Gen. 

Missing. 

Lieut. H. C. Jackson, Co. G. 

Killed. 

Sergeant R. D. Filbert, Co, K. 
Samuel Pettit, Co. II. 
" Thomas Kelly, Co. H. 



Lt. 11. P. Owens, Co. D. 



Capt. 11. A. M. Filbert, Co. K. 



' — -Corporal Wm. Hopkins, Co. F 
Private William Nagle, Co. H. 
'* Charles' T. Leiser, Co. 
'^ Paul White, Co. K. 



Company A. 

Private George Albright, 
«' William l>etz, 
" Elias Brit ton, 
" George Miller, 
" Andrew Neely. 
Company C 

Sergeant Tliomas Johnson, 
" Basslcr, 

Corporal Freshly, 

Private .John Lucid, 

'* Isicholas Shiterour, 
Company C. 

Private Thomas Whalan, 
" Jonas Geiger, 
" Solomon Strauser, 
*' James Low, 
" Edward Brennan. 
Company D. 

Private John W. Derr, 
" Frank Dor ward, 
«' Henry Gott shall, 
" George Ilartz, 
" Philip H. Kantner, 
" Peter C. Kreiger, 
" David T. Kreiger. 
Company E. 

Private Michael Bohannan, 
" James Bergain, Sr., 
" James Bergaiu, Jr., 
*' John Becker, 
" Henry Lord, 



Wounded. 

Private Abraham Kleckner, 
" Robert Thompson, 
'* William Moose, 

Sergeant J. H. Fisher, 

Fifer, John Cameron. 

Company F. 

Corporal Henry Jenkins, 
" George N. Douden, 

Private Stephen Taggart, 
" John Powel, 
" Thomas Lloyd, 
" William Jenkins. 
Company G. 

Corporal Charles Evans, 

Private M. Berger, 
" John Grace, 
" James INIuldowney, 
<' Lewis Quinn, 
*' Joshua Reed, 
" William Smith, 
" John Shaw, 
'* John Wonders, 
" John Willingham. 
Company H. 

Private W^illiam Dreibelbies, 
J. T. Wildermuth, 
*' George T. Eisenhuth, 
" George W. Christian. 
Company I, 

Corporal B, F, Kershner, 

Private Rudolph Rumble. 



The Calls in 1862. 



19; 



Company K. 
Private Eli Fenstermaker, 
•' James Day, 
♦* Milton Ludwig, 

Company A. 
1st Sergeant B. G. Otto, 
Corporal John Taylor, 

" Brobst, 

Private Israel Britton, 
*' Henry Davis, 
" "William II. Koch, 
" George Livingston, 
" Daniel Leiser, 
" Joel Marshall, 
" Morgan Simon, 
*' John Leiser, 
" John Springer, 
" F. W. Simon, 

Company B. 
Sergeant Philip Hughes, 
Private William Bradley, 
" Henry Copeland, 
"' John Evans, 
" L. M. Reece, 
" Joseph Ilahny, 
" Samuel Stanly. 
Company C. 
Sergeant 0. C. Hatch, 
Corporal John Borety, 
i'rivate John Wiser, 
" Barney Gettley, 
" Mart. Brennan, 
'' .John Jones, 
" William Larkin. 
Company D. 
'""ergeant AVllliam Bambrick, 
' ^irporal George Ilamer, 
" Leonard Shrishorn, 

J. T. Vankannon, 
" William Timraons, 

Private Mattis Bailey, 
" Eli Derr, 

Isaiah Kline, 
" Joseph Kuhns, 
*' Charles Miller, 
" Boto Otto, 

Company E, 
Sergeant Stafford Johnson, 
Corporal D. McAllister, 
Private Alfred Barlow, 



Private James Cavanaugh, 
" James Dullard, 
*' Joseph Burgess. 

Missing. 

Private Jef. Canfield, 
" James Farrell, 
" James Greener, 
" Joseph Lord, 
" Thomas Major, 
" John McSorely, 
" Michael Brennan, 
" Hugh McFeely, 
" Simon S. Moyer, 

Corporal William McKay. 
Company F. 

Private Thomas J. Thomas, 
*' John J. Morrison, 
" John Morrisey, 
" Samuel Dunkroly, 
*' Peter Quinn, 
*' John Devine, 
*' Michael Killrain. 
" Richard Littlehales, 
" Thomas Lyston, 
*' John Haggerty. 
Company G. 

Corporal Joel Betz, 

Private John Fame. 

Company H. 

Sergeant Samuel M. Buch, 

Corporal Thomas H. Sillyman, 

Private John E. Benedict, 
*' William Huber, 
" Daniel Lauer, 
'^ John W. Ray, 
" Isaac L. Schmehl. 
Company I. 

Sergeant Theodore Pletz, 

Private Christopher Seward. 
" H. Link. 

Company K. 

Corporal Thomas Brennan, 
" Patrick Hanley, 

Private David Boyer, 
" W. D. Dress, 
" Daniel Shaneby, 
'* W. Fenstermaker, 
" Hiram Spears, 
'• William T. Reed, 
*' William Lavenberger, 



The Fiftieth Regiment, Colonel Christ, also fought bravely in 
these battles, under the command of that officer. The casualties 
in Company C were as follows: 



196 



The Calls in 1862. 



George W. Hinley, 

Captain D. Burkert, 
Corporal Jouas Krenier, 
Private George Sclnvenk, 
'• George Simpson, 
" Peter Powell, 



Jacob Getler, 
Charles Knarr, 
Franklin Wise, 



Killed. 

Edward Haerner. 

Wounded. 

Private Samuel Hoffman, 
" Garrett Garrigan, 
" Benjamin Knarr, 
" Dennis Mellery, 
" John Martin. 

Missing. 

Edward :\[arl, 
Ilenr}/ M. Diebler. 



The casualties in Company A were : 

Killed. 



Private Edward Knrner. 

Wounded. 

Private Henry Hower, 

" William Hesser, 

'• Andrew Tferb, 

*• William Bliler, 

" Emanuel D. Faust, 

*' August Erdman, 

*' Samuel Kautt'man, 

" Alexander McLaughlin. 



Missing. 

Philip A. Wlest. 



Corporal John Heisler, 
Private Peter S. Otto, 

Sergeant Henry Brodt, 

" Samuel Schwalm, 

-' David J. Alspach, 

Private Nicholas Adams, 

'« John Bixler, 

" Cyrenc Bowman, 

" John Herring, 

*' Daniel Iloft'a, 

Benjamin Herman, 
Levi Assmann, 

Thwarted in his attempt to destroy Pope's army and capture 
Washington, the enemy crossed the Potomac in force, at three 
different points, near Point of Ptocks, and invaded Maryland, and 
threatened Pennsylvania. 

During the week, ending September 20, several sanguinary bat- 
tles were fought in Maryland, resulting in the driving of the 
enemy back into Virginia. On the 17th, the battle of Antietam 
was fought. In these engagements the Ninety-sixth, Forty-eighth, 
Fiftieth, and other regiments containing Schuylkill County men, 
participated. 

The battle of Blue Ridge, or South Mountain, was fought on 
Sunday, September 14, in which the Ninety-sixth Regiment 
greatly distinguished itself. 

Of the part the Regiment took in this and in the battle of the 
17th, the official report of its Colonel, Henry L. Cake, spoke as 
follows : 



The Calls in 1862. 19' 



Headquaeters Ninety-sixth Regiment, P, V., "^ 
Camp near Williamsport, Md., September 23, 1862. j 

Lieutenant: I liave tlie honor to submit the following report of the 
engagements of the 14th and 17th inst., so far as participated in by this 
Regiment. 

After marching through Jefferson on Sunday morning, I was ordered 
out upon the road to Burkittsville, the Regiment having been indicated 
as the advanced guard. When within two miles of the latter village, the 
cavalry advance came in and reported a skirmish with a superior force 
of the enemy's cavalry. Companies A and F were deployed at once as 
skirmishers, and moved forward, the balance of the Regiment steadily 
moving on within easy supporting distance. The enemy retired to the 
South Mountain, through Burkittsville, our two companies of skirmish- 
ers penetrating to within a thousand yards of the base, the balance of 
(he Regiment halting at the entrance of the village, at little after 1 
o'clock, P. M. As the skirmishers entered the village, they drew the fire 
of the artillery posted on the heights, which was kept up during the day, 
the shots being divided between the skirmishers and the main body of 
the Ninety-sixth, drawn up in line on the Jvnoxville road, the enemy 
revealing the position of at least five of their pieces. 

At about 4 o'clock I was ordered to draw in the skirmishers, and rejoin 
the Brigade with the Regiment. Having posted a picket down the Knox- 
ville road, this required some time, and the Brigade had commenced to 
move, as had also the two other Brigades of the Division. Receiving an 
order from Major-General Slocuni to move on in the rear of the New 
Jersey Brigade', I did so, forming where they formed, and moving on 
the field to their right. At about half-past five, the Ninety-sixth .had 
marched to the line of skirmishers, and I was ordered by Colonel Bart- 
lett, commanding the Brigade, to take my position on the extreme right. 
The base of the mountain was now about one thousand yards distant. 
At that point a road ran parallel to the mountain. On one or the other 
side of this road a substantial stone fence furnished good cover for the 
enemy's infantry, to say nothing of the wood on the side of the moun- 
tain. Brisk musketry firing was in progress on our left, but the good 
cover in possession of the enemy, and the distance at which we stood 
rendered it quite certain that we could gain nothing at a stand-off fight, 
while the artillery posted in the mountain Avas punishing us severely. 
It was evident that nothing but a rush forward would win. The order 
to " charge " came at last, and with a shout tlie entire line started. The 
field through which the Ninety-sixth charged presented many obstacles, 
and in order not to meet the enemy with broken lines, I twice halted 
momentarily with a stone fence for cover, for a great portion of my 
Regiment to form. The last of the series of fields through which we had 
to charge, was meadoAV and standing corn. As we emerged from the 
corn the enemy met us with a murderous fire. We were within twenty 
paces of the road at the base of the mountain, the stronghold of the 
enemy. It was here we met our great loss. Shocked, but not repulsed, 
the men bounded forward, determined to end it with the bayonet. The 
road was gained in a twinkling, the enemy leaving for the mountain. 
Those of the enemy who were not hurt, and who seemed too much sur- 
prised to get away, begged lustily for mercy. 

I had seen Lieutenant John Dougherty, one of my best officers, fall, 
but without waiting to see who were down or who were up, I hastily- 
formed my line. Major Maginnis, of the Eighteenth New York, promising 
to form on my left and follow, and dashed on up the hill. Keeping ths 

17 



\ 



198 The Calls in 1862. 



Hue formed as well as possible, to guard against a probable stand of ihc 
enemy at the crest of the hill, I let the men advance nearly as fast as 
they could and wanted to. It was a most exhausting charge. By the 
time we had ascended half way the cannon had ceased firing on our left, 
and the enemy seldom replied to onr fire with their muskets. We made 
captures at evei^y step. After passing the crest of the mountain a Lieu- 
tenant of the Fifteenth North Carolina delivered himself up. I sent, 
during the charge, forty-two prisoners to the rear, including the Captain 
of Company G, Sixteenth Georgia, wounded, and other officers and men, 
most of them unhurt. Sergeant Anderson, of Company K, shot the 
color-bearer of the Sixteenth Georgia, but did not stop to secure the 
colors, which were secured by some of oar forces afterwards. 

After advancing beyond the crest of the hill, T formed my line for the 
purpose of resting the men, who were much exhausted by the hard 
march of the day and the furious dash up the mountain. It is with 
much gratification that I can report my co^ipanies all present in line, 
fully and fairly represented. Colonel Sevier, of the Sixteenth, as also 
the officers commanding portions of the Eighteenth and Thirty-second 
New York, joined their lines to the Ninety-sixth, and reported to me for 
orders. Having thrown out skirmishers to the right and front, I rested 
until the reception of orders to return to the foot of the mountain and go 
into camp, which order was promptly obeyed, the Brigade going into 
camp on the western side of the i:)ass. 

During the charge, and just at the moment when a splendid victory 
Avas opened. Major Lewis J. Martin was mortally wounded by a musket 
ball in the head, and died while being carried olf the field. He was an 
accomplished and brave soldier, an unassuming and perfect gentleman, 
beloved by all the Regiment, and regretted beyond expression. One of 
the first to volunteer in this war, he has at last laid down his life while 
gallantly and bravely fighting for his country — the only son of his 
mother and she a widow. 

A minute before, First Lieutenant John Dougherty, commanding Com- 
pany F, was shot through the lieart at my side while bravely leading his 
Company to the final struggle at the road. Sergeant Casey, seizing the 
sword as he fell, valiantly raised it over his head, and dashed forward 
at the head of the Company, which never faltered. There was no better 
or braver soldier than Lieutenant John Dougherty. The loss of these 
two officers falls heavily on the Regiment. 

Dui'ing the charge I had two color-bearers killed and three wounded. 

I append a statement of the killed and wounded in detail: 

Killed. 
Major Lewis J. Martin. 

CoMrANT A, Captain L. S. Hay Commanding. 

K-illc(L 

Corporal Gomer Jones. 

Wounded. 
Corporal Frank Hanley, Sergeant Edward Thomas, 

Richard Brcnnan, Caleb Kinzi, 

Edward Fenstermacher, Edward McCormick. 

Company B, Captain P. A. Filbert Commanding. 

Wounded. 

Orderly Sergeant John Yon Hollan. 



The Calls in 1862. 



199 



Company C, C-irTAiN William H. Lessig Commanding. 

Killed. 
Color Sergeant Sol. McMinzie, Martin Sipe. 

Woimded. 
Sergeant Alexander Allison, Color Sergeant Thomas Oliver, 

Corporal Thomas Hilton, Hugh Lynch, 

John Frazer, David Thomas, 

Charles Bast, Arthur IJranagan. 

CoMPAXY D, Captain John T. Boyle Commanding. 
Killed. 

Thomas D, "Williams. 



Thomas Reese, 



Jolin Carr, 



Wounded. 

William Campholi. 



Company E, First Lieut. John S. ObereendeFv Commanding. 

Killed. 
Otto G. H. Yogle. 

Wounded. 
Benjamin Mitchell. 

Company F. 

Killed. 

First Lieutenant John Dougherty Commanding Company. 

Wounded. 
Corporal Patrick Sullivan, John O'Donnell, 

Michael Connery, Thomas Tracey, 

Andrew Glennon, Francis Harris. 

Company G, Captain Jacob W. Haas Commanding. 

Killed, 

Thomas Haines. 

Wounded. 

Joel Burd, 
Abraham Strasser, 
llobert D. Weaver, 
Israel Strasser. 



Joshua Strasser, 
Joshua V/orkman, 
John D. Grim, 
James Kaercher, 
Louis Fritx, 



Christian Beidle, 
John Haley, 
Henry Z. Koons, 



Company H, Captain Henry Royer Commanding. 

Killed. 

John Sentman, 
Oliver G. Treichler, 
Charles B. Ziegler. 

Wounded. 

Jeremiah Miller, 



Sergeant Joseph S. Johnson, 
" George E. Hughes, 

William Horn, 
John Cleary, 
David P. Thompson, 
Davis Mellon, 
Aaron Miller, 
Michael McCormick, 



David W. Jenkins, 
Thomas L. Morgan, 
William Ortner, 
Patrick Fell, 
Peter Triece, 
Anthony Fisher. 



200 The Calls Ix\ 1862. 

Co3irANT I. First Liei'tenant Matthew Byrnes Commanding 

Killed. 
William Weaklin, George James. 

Wounded. 
John B. Davis, Manus McAifeiy, 

Thomas Boyle, Boyd S. Campbell, 

Peter McAnnany, Michael Callahan, 

Daniel Sweeny, John Lennon. 

Company K, Captain Rictiart) Bupd. 
Killed. 
Patrick McAllister, Barney McMichacl. 

Wounded. 

Jeremiah Cnrran, Jacob Graeff, 

Thomas Gribbon, John Ilollan, 

Patrick Welsh, Charles Westner, 

Patrick Delaney, Patrick Conville, 

Michael McCariy, John G. Farrell, 

John Broderick, Patrick Fa}', 

Barnett McMulligan, Michael llolloran. 

RECAPITULATION. 



Field Offi 


cer, 


Company 


A, 




B. 




C, 




D, 




K, 




F, 




G, 




H, 




I, 




K, 



Killed. 


Wounded. 


1 





1 


6 





1 


2 


8 


o 


2 


1 


1 


1 


(> 


1 


9 


(> 


15 


2 


8 


2 


14 



Total, - . - - 19 70 

It does not include 14 men slightly wounded, but not incapacitated 
from doing duty immediately with their Companies. 

The conduct of the Regiment was excellent; my orders under fire 
heing obeyed promptly, and with great cheerfulness. 

In taking the road, we lost two color-bearers killed and three wounded. 
The names of those killed witli tlio colors in their hands, are Solomon 
McMinzie, Company C, color-bearer, and Charles B. Ziegler, Company 
H. The wounded are — Thomas Oliver, Company C, color-bearer, Ser- 
geant Johnson, Company H, and William Ortner, Company H. 
Very respectfully. Lieutenant, 
Your obedient servant, 

II. L. CAKE, Colonel Commanding. 
To Lieutenant R. R. Wilson, A. A. A. G. 

On the 17th, the Regiment moved from camp at daylight, and crossed 
the Antietam at 11 o'clock. With the balance of the Brigade it was sent 
to the front to support batteries. While lying in position, a round shot 



The Calls in 1862. 201 

struck in Company G, killing Private Frank Treon, and wounding Pri- 
vate McCoy Sargent. I have, happily, no other casualties to record. 

H. L. C, Colonel Coniraandins. 

Note — Was ordered not to make a full report of the hattlc of Wednes- 
day, September 17, 18G2. Casualties in all — 20 killed, 71 wounded so 
as to be disabled, and 14 slightly wounded. 

The Forty-eighth was in the battle of South Mountain, and in 
the engagements at Antietam, September 17 and 18, and behaved 
nobly. The following account was furnished to us by Captain 
Bosbyshell : 



Antietam, Near Potomac, Md., ") 
September 21, 1862. / 



Two more fights to record, in Avhich the Forty-eighth participated — 
the battle of South Mountain or Middletown Heights, and that of Antie- 
tam Creek Bridge. The former took place last Sunday, 14th inst. We 
took up our position behind a small fence in a cleared field, facing a 
wood — from which the enemy had been driven in the afternoon, and 
where it was feared he would attack again. It was fast growing dark, 
and appearances seemed to indicate that we would have to remain and 
watch where we were all night. Bu.t no, our skirmishers (Company B, 
Captain Wren) soon were attacked, and shortly'- our Regiment became 
engaged. Here, to use a vulgarism, we had the ''dead wood" on the 
enemy, and could pop away in grand style. The firing of the rebels was 
fast and furious, but we returned it as lively, until our ammunition 
became expended, when we retired by the left tlank, firing all the way. 
Our place was immediately occupied by the Second Maryland, of Nagle's 
Brigade. The enemy " skedaddled " after a few rounds from the Second. 
and did not disturb us any more that night. We remained close to the 
field all night. Some three or four in the Regiment were slightly 
wounded. The rest of Nagle's Brigade also participated, and the los^ 
in the other Regiments was pretty considerable. The next morning we 
moved off after the rebels, passing over the battle-field, where piles and 
piles of dead rebels lay, evidences of the accuracy of our firing. They 
were strewn around thick where we had been firing the night before, 
and we received the credit of having piled them up so famously. At 
the battle of Antietam Creek Bridge the Brigade became engaged about 
10 o'clock in the morning, and continued in the action until it ceased — 
at nightfall. About 11 a'clock, Companies B, G, K, and E, of the Forty- 
eighth, got into the fight— rthe nature of the ground being such as to 
prevent the balance of the Regiment participating. This was on the 
east side of the creek, and our boys did nobly. The sport here was so 
keen, that I noticed Captain Wren and Lieutenant Douty banging away 
with spare rifles, evidently enjoying the fun. Soon the bridge was 
charged b}- the Fifty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers, Colonel Hartranft. 
(as brave a Regiment, with as brave a Colonel as ever existed,) and car- 
ried, the rebels leaving in double-quick time. Over to the other side we 
followed, and our Regiment was throAvn forward to skirmish. We gained 
the summit of some of the little hills, when the rebels opened a terrific 
fire of grape, canister, and spherical case from several batteries in front, 
causing us to shelter ourselves under the hill. 'Twas not long before 
the infantry became engaged, and at 5 P. M., we were ordered forward 



202 The Calls in 1862. 



to support the Fifty-first Pennsylvania Volunteers. We liurried up the 
liill, taking our position immediately in the rear of the Fifty-first, lying 
dafc on the ground. The artillery filing was terrible, and the range 
awfully accurate. The Fifty-first's ammunition giving out, we crawled 
up into its place, while it took ours, determined to support us. Finding- 
our batteries could not get a position to support us, we were ordered to 
retreat, which we did in good order, to the bridge, where fresh aramuni- 
lioD was obtained, when we returned and slept on the battle-field. The 
loss in the Brigade I cannot give — our Regiment's amounts to some 58 
killed and wounded. Among the killed is Lieutenant William Cullen, of 
t'ompany E, a brave man, much esteemed by all. Lieutenant M. M. 
Kistler, of Company 1, was wounded pretty severely in the shoulder, 
il.'olonel Nagle, wlio now ranks as Brigadier (Jeneral, having been so 
commissioned by President Lincoln, behaved as usual with great bravery 
in these engagements, and our gallant Lieut. -Colonel Sigfried deserves 
great praise for his conduct during the actions. He was constantly on 
hand cheering the men on. I can occupy no more of your space in 
recounting the praises bestowed on the Forty-eighth and the entire Bri- 
gade by General St urges and otliers. McClellan says the carrying of 
the bridge won the battle, and it was Sturges' Division that did it. 

We also, received the following letter from General Nagle : 

Ukad^larters First Brigade, 2p Division, 0th Army Corps, ) 
Camp near Antiefam, September 21, 1862. j' 

Enclosed please find a list of killed, wounded and missing, during the 
engagements of the l4th inst., at South Mountain, and 17th and 18th 
inst., at Antietam Bridge and vicinity of Sharpsburg. I would have 
sent it before, but was unable to do so on account of our continual 
marching, fighting and skirmishing. I just finished my official report 
to-day, and sent it to headquarters, and I immediately had a copy of 
casualties made from it, for the information of many anxious and be- 
reaved friends, with whom I deeply sympathize. 

The particuLars of the engagement you have had before this, so I will 
not trouble you with them again; but, in justice to my command, I 
would briefl,y say that they have done nobly, and marched up to the 
work like aid veterans. And 1 feel proud of my command. The Forty- 
eighth has gained a high reputation for its gallantry, and old Schuylkill 
need not be asliamed of her representatives in the field. You will see, 
))y a copy of General Order No. 11, that the left wing saved the day. 

I take pleasure in informing my triends at home, that T received mj 
appointment as Brigadier-General, from the hands of General Cox, on 
the battle-field on the 19th inst., for which I am much indebted to my 
friends who procured it for me. 

[ am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JAMES NAGLE, 
Brig.-Gen=?ra,l oouimanding 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 0th Army Corp.?. 

Tlie number of killed, wounded and missing, in the Brigade com- 
manded by Brigadier-General Nagle, was as follows: 

Killed. 34 

Wounded, - - - - - - 15S 

Missing, --..-_-_ 15 

Total, 202 



The Calls in 1862. 



203 



The casualties in the Forty -eight Regiment were as follows 

Battle of South Mountain — Sunday, Sej?temher 14. 

Wounded. 
aeorge Brigle, Company A, John F. Kalhacli, Company LI, 

Sergeant Wm. CLark, Company C, Michael Scott, Company II, 
JauTes McElrath, Company C, Benjamin Hoffman, Coinpany I, 

J Kline, Company I), Israel Kramer, Company I. 

Corporal Jeremiah Griffith, Co. F, John F. Bocliman, Company I. 
James Paully, Company F, 

Miss- in (J. 
Martin Toben, Company C 



RECAPITULATION. 



Wounded, 
Missing, 

Total, 



11 
1 

12 



Battle ov Antietam Creek — September \~th and l8/A. 

Killed. 
Alexander Prince, Company B, Charles Timmons, Company G, 

Alva F. Jeffries, Company D, Corporal Lewis A. Focht, Co. I 

Lieut. William CuUen, Company E, Corporal Daniel Moser, Co. K, 



John Broadbent, Company F, 

Company A. 
Corporal H. H. Prince, 
Charles Krieger, 
B. F. Dreibelbeis, 
George Beiz, 
John Whitaker. 

Company B. 
Mathew Iiume, 
Frederick Knittle, 
liOrentus Mover, 
John Robison, 
John R. Simpson. 

Company C. 
Sergeant William Clark, 

" Edward Monahan, 

Corporal Samuel Wallace, 

'- James Gribons, 

Robert Rodgers, 
James Horn. 
Henry Dersh, 
Joiin Dougherty, 
John Shenk. 

Company D. 
Corporal Rothenberger, 
George Artz, 
Walter P. Airaes, 
James Evans, 



George Dentzer, Company K. 

Worinded. 

John Sullivan, 
George W. Stillwagon, 
Samuel Stichter, 
Franklin Iloch. 

Company E. 
Sergeant John Seward. 

" William Trainor, 

Corporal John McElrath. 

Company F. 
i Serge-ant John W. Jenkins, 
Wm. E. Taylor. 

Company G. 
Corporal Charles F. Kuentzlor, 
John Pugh, 
John Rodgers, 
Henry W. Nagle. 

Company H. 
Richard Forney, 
Jacob A. Witraan, 
Daniel Ohnmacht, 
William Davis, 
Samuel Frybergcr. 

COJII'ANY I. 

Lieutenant M. M. Kistler, 
Charles Millet, 
Peter Keller, 
Matthew Fierman, 



204 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company K. 
David Fenstamaker, 
Edward Paj-ne, 
Francis Simon, 

Killed, 
Wounded, 



John Shaw, 
Peter Boyer, 
Sergeant, P. F. Quinn. 



KECAPITULATION. 



8 
51 

"59 



Total — 8 killed ; 51 wounded, and 1 missing. 
The Fiftieth Regiment fought with its usual courage in these 
battles. A letter which we received from a member of Company 
C, contained the following facts in reference to the casualties sus- 
tained by the tvYO Schuylkill County Companies of the Regiment : 

Camp Fiftieth Regiment, P. V., Company C, "I 
Near Sharpsburg, Md., Sept. 24, 1862. / 
Company C is commanded by Captain Daniel F. Burkert, and was 
raised in Schuylkill Haven and vicinity.. This Company was very lucky 
at South Mountain, as we did not lose a man. We, however, suffered 
severely in the late fight at Sharpsburg, considering the time we were 
under fire. Our loss v^as two killed and eight wounded. The names are 
as follows : 

Killed.. 
llichard Fahl, Daniel ]SIcGlenn. 

Wounded. 
Augustus Berger-, John Graif, 

Jeremiah Helms, William Patten, 

Jonathan Branner, Franklin Fenstermacher, 

Samuel Agley, Jacob Hehn. 

The other Schuylkill County Company is Company A, and is com- 
manded by Lieutenant Samuel R. Schwenk. It was recruited in Tre- 
raont, Lewcllyn, and vicinity. Their loss in the two fights of South 
Mountain and Sharpsburg, was one killed and two wounded. Their 
names are as follows : 

Killed. 
E. Harner. 

Wounded. 
William Biller, Sergeant S Schwalm. 

By request of some of the members of Company A, I also send you a 
list of their killed and wounded at the battles of Bull Run and Chantilly, 
which you are respectfully requested to publish. The names of those 
killed and wounded at Bull Run, are— 

Killed. 

Peter S. Otto. 

Wounded. 

Henry Hozer, 
Daniel Hotta, 
Samuel KauflFman, 
Alexander McLauchlin. 
Sergeant David Alspach. 
Company A also had one man wounded at White Sulphur Springs, 
near Rappahannock River, on the 24th of August. His name is Emanuel 
Foust. 



"(^.'orporal John Heisler, 

Nicholas Adams, 
(Gyrene Bowman, 
John Bixler, 
Andrew Herl, 
John Herrina:, 



The Calls in 18G2. 20.'. 



THE PENNSYLVANIA MILITIA, 

When the rebels threatened an invasion of Maryland and Penn- 
sylvania, Governor Curtin, alive to the emergency, issued the fol- 
lowing order : 

[General Ohder No. 35.] 

Headquarters Pennsylvania Militia, 1 
Harrisburg, Sept. 10, 1862. / 

In view of the danger of invasion now threatening our State by tlio 
enemies of the Government, it is deemed necessary to call upon all the 
able-bodied men of Pennsylvania to organize immediatel}' for the defence 
of the State, and be ready for marching orders upon one hour's notice, 
to proceed to such points of rendezvous as the Governor may direct. Ii. 
is ordered — 

First — That company organizations be made in accordance with tlie 
numbers required under the laws of the United States, to wit : One Cap- 
tain, First Lieutenant, Second Lieutenant, eighty privates as the mini- 
mum and ninety-eight privates as the maximum standard of each comi- 
pany. The company officers to be elected by each organization. 

Second — As the call may be sudden it is desirable that the officers and 
members of each company provide themselves with the best arms tliey 
can secure, with at least sixty rounds of ammunition to suit the kind c f 
arms in possession of the soldiers. Such persons as cannot secure and 
bring arms with them, will be furnished by the Government after their 
arrival at the place of rendezvous, 

7%i,>j_Each officer and member of the company shall provide himself 
with good stout clothing, (uniform or otherwise,) boots, blanket and 
haversack, ready to go into camp when called into service. 

Fourth — Each company organization to be perfected as soon as por^si- 
ble, and report the name* of the officer in command, the number of men, 
and the place of its headquarters to these headquarters, in order that, 
they may be promptly notified to move when their services are require.!. 

Fifth — Organizations when ordered to move will be furnished with 
transportation by the Government, 

Sixth— On the arrival at the place of rendezvous they will be formed 
into regiments, or such other organizations as the Governor, Comman- 
der-in-chief of Pennsylvania, may direct. 

Seventh — So far as practicable and as may l)e found consistent with the 
interests of the public service, companies from the same localities Avill be 
put together in such larger organizations as may be formed. 

Fiffhth — Organizations formed under the recent proclamation are earn- 
estly requested to adopt, without delay, such measures as may be neces- 
sary to comply with this order. 

iYm//j — Organizations called into the field under this order, will be 
held for such service only as the pressing exigency for the State defence 
may demand. 

By order of Andrew G. Curtin, Governor and Commander-in-chief. 

[Signed] A. L. PtUSSELL, 

Adjutant-General Pennsylvania. 

The order had the desired effect throughout the State, and 
nowhere was there a deeper feeling of earnestness and determina- 
tion than in Schuylkill County. The people closed their places of 



206 The Calls in 1862. 

business and went to drilling. Companies were organized through- 
out the County, and ready to move at a moment's notice. The 
order came on the I3th of September, and between that date and 
the 17th eighteen Companies left the County for Harrisburg, for 
State defence. 

This was independent of a number of sharp-shooters, who deter, 
mined '' to go it alone." 

Captain Daniel Schertle, of Pottsville, organized a" Company of 
Cavalry, eighty strong, which marched on the 20th, but the dan- 
ger being over they were ordered to return before reaching Har- 
risburg. Such an instantaneous uprising of the people was indi- 
cative of their unabated patriotism. 

The muster-rolls of the Companies from this County that reached 
Harrisburg, and were thrown into regimental organizations, are as 
follows : 

SECOND EEGIMENT, P. S. M. 

COLONEL JOHN L. WRIGHT. 
COMPANY F . 

CaiJtabi—l). A. SMITH. 
\st JArui. — Henry C. Russell. 
2d Lieut. — Francis B. Wallace. 
l*'^ Sergeant — Valentine Stichter. 

2d " D J. RiDGWAY. 

^d " Edward J. SiiiprEN. 

'\th " J. L. Hetherington. 

btk '* Charles P. Potts. 

\st Corporal — R. Snyder. 



Id 




J. 


VMES B. 


Reed. 


M 




L 


w. 


Bo 


^BYSIIELL. 


•1/A 




y 


. B. 


Bannan. 


hlh 




C 


harles 


Woodnutt. 


(Slh 




P 


iiiLir Dentzer. 


7th 




F 


. H. 


Garrett. 


8th 




^^ 


ILLIAM 


IL Gore. 






PRIVATES 


; 


Austin, R. II. 










Carlin, Thomas 


Berger, J. 










Beatty, J. B. 


Bannan, T. R. 










Chrisraan, Jacob 


Bosbjsell, C. A. 










Cliristian, W. A. 


Bartholomew, L 


nn 








Cahoon, John 


Bartholomew, G 


us. 








Berr, Simon 


Brooke, L. P. 










Day, Edward 


Beck, B. W. 










Dengler, C, 


Boedefeld, John 










Dillman, D. D. 



The Calls in 1862. 



207 



Company F, Second Regiment.— 

Erdman, Edward 
Ehler, William 
Fisher, Edward 
Foster, Solomon, Jr. 
Fister, James H. 
Gumpert, A. S. 
Harrison, Samuel 
JIa,eseler, Charles H. 
Heisler, D. A. 
Hobart, J. H. 
Hower, Samuel 
Hawley, Jesse 
Johnson, James K. 
Knerr, John 
Matz, George W. 
IMcCool, J. W. 
Miller, John M. 
Mason, Samuel 
McGinnis, Theodore F. 
Matz, Thomas 
McGinnes, John 
Miesse, Charles (drummer) 
Nichols, H. K. 
Nichols, F. M. 
Niedt, Edward 
Olewine, Frank 
Patterson, J. A. 
Pomroy, R. C. 
Russell, Thomas M. 
Rickert, John R. 
Ritter, Samuel E. 
Ptoyer, John W. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musician, . - - 
Privates, . . - 

Total, - 



Continued. 

Ruch, E. C. 
Reed, M. S. 
Riley, Thomas A. 
Snyder, George 
Silliman, A. S. 
Smith, W. R. 
Shearer, James R. 
Schollenberger, D. J. 
Schmeltzcr, John 
Skeen, Samuel T. 
Shoener, L. B. 
Snyder, G. Harrison 
Smith, H. B. 
Severn, Wm, B. 
Say lor, Edward 
Spiegle, F. 
Schwintz, William 
Sterling, William 
Schmeltzcr, Charles 
Tindle, Robert 
Taylor, George W\ 
Troy, Henry 
Thompson, David 
Tyson, Cornelius 
linger, Daniel 
Whitney, William L. 
Whitney, Samuel R. 
Work, Moodie 
AValker, Thomas 
W^eaver, Francis 
Yardley, T. W. 



3 

13 

1 

81 



- 98 



FOURTH EEGIMENT, P. S. M. 

COLONEL LITZINGER. 

Captain— 1^. L. ESHELMAN. 
1st Lieut. — Jacob Bauchman. 
2d Lieut.— M. D. Weand. 
\st Sergeant — H. B. Sessinger. 
2d " Jonathan Bull. 

8c? " D. Huffman. 

4i/t '' C. W. Snyder. 

bth *' Ira Cartwrigiit. 

1st Corporal — J. D. Hade sty. 
2d " CD. LuRwiCK. 



208 



The Calls in 1862. 



Fourth Regiment — Continued. 



Zd Corporal — Jesse Temtlin. 
4th " J. A. Lewis. 

bill *' George W. Heebner. 

Qth *' Jesse Newlin. 

Sergeant-Major — C. L. Chillson. 
Quartermaster — C. Rommell. 

PRIVATES; 



Bailey, John 
Bischofs, Joseph 
Carr, Patrick 
Cummings, B. F. 
Culver, B. 
Cliff, William 
Davis, H. 
Fletcher, D. 
Freed, John 
Glass, Neal 
Groves, John 
G winner, Jacob 
Guiterman, M. 
Gane, Uriah 
Griffith, D. 
Glenn, D. 
GcUinger, Daniel 
Geiger, Isaac 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - - 



Gray, John 
Hain, R. 

Heilner, J. N. 
Hilbert, Levi 
Lehler, D. 
Lawrence, W. H. 
Neyer, Charles 
Paul, D. 
Pott, John 
Phillips, R. 
lloxby, John 
Smith, M. 
Steinbauch, P. 
Shisler, George 
Tiffany, 0. C. 
Womer, B. 
Wilson, G. D. 
Wintersteen, G. W. 
_ _ _ o 

13 

- 30 



Total, 



SIXTH EEGIMENT, F. S. M. 

COLONEL ARMSTRONG. 

COMPANY B. 

C^^fV/m— FRANK POTT. 

\sl Lieut. — .Joseph Kear. 

'2d Lieut. — Henry M. Huxtzinger. 

\st Sergeant — Peter S. Dewalt. 



2d 


A. K. Whitner. 


Pjd 


L. C. Bland. 


4th 


0. H. Sillyman. 


bth " 


J. P. HorcK. 


I*; Corporal — William B. Wells, 


2d 


D. H. MORETON. 


Sd 


J. H. Beck. 


4th " 


A. AV. Schalk. 


blh " 


David Conrad. 


G^A *' 


Peter Douty. 


lih '< 


Henry Pullman. 


^th " 


C. A. Fox. 


Musicians- 


-John Helms, Frank Kakri iikr 




Sterling. 



jA>iB3 



The Calls in 1862. 



209 



Company B, Sixth Kegiment — Continued. 

PRIVATES: 



Buck, Peter E. 

Byerle, Lot K. 

Bevericlge, David 

Berluchy, Charles 

Buck, Nathaniel 

Brennerman, Philip 

Bobbs, Henry 

Buck, Henry W. 

Bittle, John 

Bensinger, William 

Chambers, Henry W. 

Clowes, Isaac 

C oiler, Henry 

Chandler, James 

Davis, David M. 

Droeble, Matthias 

Day, John 

Elliott, Joseph S. 

Edmonds, Henry R, 

Entrikin, Thomas C. 

Frederick, William D. 

Erailey, Peter H. 

Fox, Edward 

Grim, Lewis 

Green, Robert C. 

Gross, Isaac 

Ganger, Joseph 

Garrett, Nathaniel J. 

Garigh, Livingston P. 

Huntzinger, James M. 

Huntzinger, William B. 

Hoifman, Perry W. 

Hoffman, Charles 

Hutchinson, David 

Hoffman, Jacob B. 

Kirkpatrick, John 

Kimmel, Thomas 

Langdon, Benjamin S. 

Lloyd, Thomas 

Lord, Jeremiah 

Lehman, Isaac D. 

Morrison, Nathaniel C. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Privates, . - - 

Total, - 



Myer, Franklin P. 
Matthews, William G, 
Morris, Henry L. 
Matter, Henry 
McCarty, John 
Mendelson, Edward 
Martin, Isaac 
McGuire, Sol 
Miller, Samuel 
Nichols, Mahlon R. 
Norrigan, Anthony 
Oxenwald, Michael 
Palmer, Robert M. Jr. 
Potts, William R. 
Pollard, John 
Pugh, Peter 
Parton, William 
Quinn, Joseph 
Richard, Joseph 
Reick, George 
Reick, AVilliam E. 
St. Clair, Reuben 
Short, James 
Schreffler, Sol 
Stout, Nathaniel M. 
Shields, AVilliam 
Saylor, Theodore W. 
Seitzinger, John L. 
Starrett, John 
Thompson, Lewis C. 
Thompson, Josiah W. 
Tussaint, Theodore C. 
Trega, John 
Voute, Charles F. 
Wildermuth, Charles \V 
Willits, George N, 
Wollison, Franklin 
Wesley, Edward L, 
Womelsdorff, Aquilla 
AYilkinson, Allen 
"Wilson, James C. 
Yost, Henry 

- 8 
13 

- 3 
84 

103 



18 



210 



The Calls in 1862. 



COMPANY a. 

Captain— E. BENSINGER. 

1st Lieut. — John H. Batdorf. 

2d Lieut. — William Nagle. 

1^^ Sergeant — William If. Heaton. 

2d " S. E. VanBuren. 

3c? " E. P. BURKIIART. 

Alh '* W. A. Bensinger. ^- 

bth ♦* John Davis. 

1*^ Corporal — David Reese. 

2d " E. P. Burke. 

3fZ " William Christian. 

4th *< Joseph Wilson. 

Wi " J. P. Bowen. 

<oth " Al. BancroftT 

Ith " C. L. Fisher. 

8^/i " James Lake. 

Quartermaster — William Himmelwright. 



Musician — Al. Burkhart. 



PRIVATES; 



Adams, Ham 
Arnold, .Jolm 
Bancroft, Thomas 
Bretz, Nat, 
Blight, William 
Bush, Lewis 
Burkhart, Isaac 
Cleaver, J. R. 
Cooper, Edward 
Clayton, Nelson 
(Jathers, Alexander 
Cleaver, John 
Camp, Samuel 
Coho, J. P. 
Didey, W. 
Drumader, Jacob 
Donahoe, Thomas 
Dye, D. M. 
Donaldson, W. F. 
Donahoe, John 
Donahoe, Hugh 
Dreisbach, Benjamin 
Eyere, George 
Feller, John 
Faust, S. A. 
Frazer, Moses 
Garner, M. 
Gallagher, M. 
Heil, Daniel 
Hornshoe, Edward 
Hampton, James 
Hower, R. 
Heller, B. 



Kline, Peter 
Kline, Frank 
Kessler, Charles 
Krich, William 
Knabb, Levi 
Kitchen, W. F. 
Kleese, Abner 
Levan, D. P. 
Learn, Henry 
Moodie, Henry A. 
Murphy, Joseph 
Morgan, William 
Matters, William 
Meyers, E. 
Nyraan, C. 

Nierman, 

Purcell, John 
Parry, James 
Rich, Clifford 
Reiff, George 
Reed, Ike F. 
Stitzer, John R. 
Swartz, A. K. 
Tobias, C. 
Thomas, M. 
Witman, William E. 
Walter, Jacob 
AVilson, James 
Watkins, M. 
Walters, Daniel 
Webber, William 
Zerving, I. 



The Calls in 1862. 



211 



Company G-, Sixth Regiment — Continued. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Quartermaster, _ - - - - 
Mvisician, _ - - - - 

Privates, ------ 



Total, 



13 
1 
1 

65 

83 



COMPANY H. 



Captain— C H ARLE S BLACKER. 

1st Lieut. — Francis W. Richardson. 

2c? Lieut. — R. II. Coryell. 

1st Sergeant — R. Whitfield. 

2.d " Thomas Rat. 

3f? '' William G. Burwell. 

4:th " John Krebs. 

bth " John Cook. 

1*^ Corporal — George W. Johns. 

2d " William S. Morris. 

Sd " William Anspach. 

4th " Peter Maley. 

Oth " Thomas W^\tkins. 

Qth " Jacob Scheerman. 

7th " John B. Metz. 

8th " Thojias F. Kerns 

Quartermaster — James Brown. 

Company Clerk — John B. Reed. 

Musician — John Kohler. 



PRIVATES 



Arms, Levi 
Beiclilej, William 
Bruinm, Charles 
Bennett, John 
Iioone, Charles L, 
Brightmyer, Jacob 
Betz, John 

Bummersbach, Jacob 
Curley, Michael 
Cobley, Daniel 
Cahill, P. W. 
Davenport, James 
Evans, Thomas W. 
Else, Thomas C. 
Evans, Thomas B. 
Geiger, David H. 
Gorman, David 
Hardy, Thomas 
Hussy, P. 
Holmes, John 
Koch, Lewis H. 
Koch, Charles 



Kelly, William H. 
Krebs, Nathaniel 
Kline, Adam 
Kane, Frank 
Laramy, William 
Leahy, Philip 
Lewis, Thomas 
March, William H. 
Morris, Cline 
Miller, John R. 
McGuire, John 
Moses, Ebenezer 
Mason, John 
Macvoy, B. 
Rhoads, Frank 
Reiley, James 
Seligman, A. M. 
Seligman, Benjamin 
Seligman, Moritz 
Seligman. Jacob 
Scholey, Francis 
Smith, George 



212 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company H, Sixth Regiment — Continued. 



Thomas, Evan 
Unit, Thomas 
AVakelem, John 
Winch, John 

Commissioned Oflficers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Quartermaster, 

Clerks, - - - - 

Musician, _ . - 

Privates, - _ - 

Total, - 



Wincli, Lewis 
Wood. James S. 
Wagner, Charles 
Williams, Daniel 



18 
1 
1 
1 

52 

71 



SEYEI^TEENTH KEGIMEiTT, P. S. M. 
COMPANY A. 

Captain— ClIAllL^^ S. LEADER. 
1st Licui. — Lewis L. IIlntzinger. 
2(1 I.inii. — Joshua Heisler. 



PRIVATES : 



Angatadt, Daniel 
Ijarr, David S. 
Barr, Frank C. 
Barth, John F, 
Bast, Emanuel 
Berger, John 
Berger, Samuel 
Bolton, George W. 
Brobst, William 
Burns, Franklin 
Burton, Albert J. 
Byerly, Daniel 
Byerly, William 
Christ, James F. 
Clay, Henry 
Clouse, William 
Deibert, Charles V. B. 
Deibert, William H. 
Eckert, William 
Eiler, Charles 
Emerick, Elijah 
Freeh afer, George W. 
Freehafer, Elhannon W 
Freehafer, Rolandus H, 
Frehn, Isaac D. 
Fried, Heni'y C. 
Fritz, Lewis W. 
Geiger, Engelberl 
Guertler, Henry W. 
Guss, Wallace 



Guss, John C. 
Haegner, Daniel 
Harner, Koland 
Ileiser, Edward 
Heisler, Lewis 
Heller, Albert 
Hendricks, John 
Hendricks, Sassaman 
Hendricks, Commodore 
Holmes, Daniel B. 
Homan, Amos 
Howes, Thomas 
Kaufman, John G. 
Kaufman, Charles F. 
Kendt, E. C. 
Kerkeslager, Joseph C. 
Kline, Jeremiah 
Koch, William J. 
Koons, John W. 
Leader, Charles C. 
Leib, Charles P. 
Lendt, Christian 
Levan, Aaron B. 
Long, Isaac 
Long, Thomas 
Martz, John B, 
May berry, Joseph 
Miller, William 
Nelheiser, William 
Nugent, Charles 



The Calls in 1862. 



213 



Company A, Seventeenth Regiment — Continued. 



Paxton, Jonathan 
Ilaucli, Charles 
Reber, Daniel 
Rickson, John R. 
Roach, Michael M. 
Robinson, Albert 
Saylor, Henry J. 
Schreck, Daniel K. 
Schwalm, Joseph 
Shadlo, William 
Shappell, Henry 
Seyfert, Isaac H. 
Sheaf, Daniel B. 
Shultz, Samuel S. 
Sieger, Wesley 

Commissioned Officers, 

Privates, 



Simon, Frank 
Sloyer, Aaron 
Small, Robert 
Snyder, Daniel K. 
Stager, Alfred F. 
Stauffer, Isaac 
Sterner, Jeremiah H. 
Stitzer, Theodore W. 
Strickler, Albert 
AValton, H. 
W^eaver, Charles 
W^ortz, John K. 
Yeager, Hiram J. 
Zulick, Henry B. 



80 



Total, 



92 



COMPANY E. 



Bedal, Benjamin 
Beckstman, Frederick 
Carr, Francis 
Dougherty, Patrick 
Devine, Thomas 
Downing, George W. 
Frederick, Michael 
Ferns, Patrick 
Gordon, William 
G arris, William 
Garrigan, Patrick 
Harty, Patrick 



Cgj9<«iV?— ROBERT ALLISON. 

\st Lieut. — Michael Scaxlin. 

2d Lieut. — Godfrey Leonard. 

l.H Sergeant. — James Teasdale. 

2d " John Lehman, 

2,d " Luke Chillson. 

Aih " John Gillaspie, 

5iA " Edward Coonan. 

\st Corporal — Joseph Bedal. 

2d " Michael Kline. 

3J " John W. Laing. 

4//i " Thomas Fagan. 

hth " Thomas Carlin. 

6^/t " James Gillaspje. 

Ith " Andrew Keveney. 

8^A " Ashton Hilton. 

Quartermaster — John Carr. 

Musicians — James Swartz, Jeremiah Garrigex. 

PRIVATES: 

Hard}-, ^lichael 
Hummell, George 
Hensley, Charles 
Henderson, James 
Jenkins, David 
Kane, John L. 
Kelly, Michael 
Kinsley, James 
McKenna, James B. 
McKenna, James 
Lloyd, John 
Moore, Edward 



18* 



:i4 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company E, Seventeenth Regiment — Continued. 



Mullen, Edward, Sr. 
Mullen, Edward, Jr. 
Miller, Henry 
Morris, James C. 
Michley, Henry 
Nolen, Michael 
O'Donnell, Patrick 
O'Harra, John 
O'Neil, Peter G. 
Oren, James 
O'Brieii, Matthew 
Prior, Benjamin 
Purcel, Daniel 
Perry, John 
Perry, Acquila 

Commissioned Oflficers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Quartermaster, 
IMusicians, - - - 

Privates, _ - - 

Total, 



Rhodes, Hezekiah 
Robinson, Moses 
Richards, Josepii 
Rudy, Hugh 
Sessinger, George B. 
Sands, John 
Slattery, Daniel 
Stell wagon, "William M. 
Sthro, Theobald 
Suddon, Edward 
Troy, Philip 
Williams, John 
"VVhalen, John J. 
Wanamacker, Denjamin 



13 
1 



Tiie ibllowing Company was recruited in Tremont and Donald- 
son. We do not know what Kegiment it was connected with : 

Caj)tai7i—3. A. L. TICE. 
l^it Lieut. — MicuAEL Moll. 
2d Lieut, — Adam Etien. 
1st Sergeant — >Y]lliam Chbist. 
2d " John A. Horn. 

od " PuiLiP Wehtlet. 

4i'4i " PiOBERT B. AnGAS, 

1st Corporal — Dii. R. D. Brown. 

2d " William B. Maybekrt. 

3(/ " Isaac H. Alter. 

Ath " liENJAMIN PiNKERTON. 

QuarterrHaster — Alonzo Livermoke. 



PRIVATES: 



Adam, William 
Althouse, William 
A they, Josc})]i 
Boltz, Frederick 
Barjidt, Jolm 
Baily, Ha):iiilton 
Boden, William 
Bixler, Amos 
Barndt, Peter 
Dull, Cyrus 
Dochant, Joseph E. 
Eckel. Levi 



Eckel, Aaron 
Eisenhart, John 
Faust, Elias 
Faust, John R. 
Far rick, Henry 
Farrcll, George 
Gallagher, John 
Gaskens, John 
Garress, John 
Harvey, Thomas 
Hammer, John 
Ilcarter,' Jacob 



The Calls in 1862. 



215 



Captain Tice's Compahy- -Continued. 



Gaskins, C. A. 
Kirk, Sol S. 
Krise, Charles 
Koebler, Jacob 
Lehman, Abl« 
Lauer, Jacob 
Moue, John 
Mellon, Henry C, 
McClochlan, William D. 
Miller, Joseph 
Miller, William 
Minick, William 
Minick, Charles 
Minick, John W. 
Muldonny, Patrick 
Otto, Samuel 
Owen, George P. 
Pelton, William F. 
Pinkerton, Hiram W. 
Piukerton, George A. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Quartermaster, 
Privates, . _ - 



Opic, James 
Reece, William K. 
Rank, David 
Roehnl, L. C. 
Seltzer, J. A, 
Simon, Michael 
Snyder, Samuel 
Simons, William PI. 
Tobias, Samuel 
Tobias, Daniel 
Umholtz, Augustus 
Umholtz, Charles AV. 
WilHams, William H. 
Wright, John B. 
Wetston, Samuel 
Wilcox, D. H. 
Zimmerman, George 
Zimmerman, Daniel 
Zerbe, L. 
Zeiuer, Michael 

o 
- - u 

8 

- 1 

64 



Total, 



76 



GRAKD RECAPITULAT10:^r. 



Second Regiment, 

Fourth 

Sixth <' - 

Seventeenth Regiment, 

Capt. Tice's Company, 

Total, 



98 

52 

257 

1C4 

7G 

047 



After a brief campaign of two weeks, the members of these 
Companies returned to their homes. Some of the Companies saw 
quite active service in Maryland, being in line of battle near Wil- 
iiamsport, on the Potomac, when the rebel army recrossed into 
Virginia. The services of the force of militia, furnished by Penn- 
sylvania, were gratefully acknowledged by General McCIeUan, then 
commanding the Army of the Potomac. 



216 The Calls in 1862. 

THE DRAFT. 

Under the call of the Government in June, 1862, for 300,000 
volunteers, the quota of Schuylkill County was fixed by Governor 
Curtin at five Companies. These were furnished. On the 4th of 
August, the following order was issued by the War Department : 

War Detartment, Washington, D. C, August 4, 18G2. 

Order calling for militia from the several States : 

Ordered — Lst. That a draft of 300,000 militia bo immediately called 
into the sei'vice of the United States, to serve for nine months, unless 
sooner discharged. The Secretary of War ^'ill assign the quota to the 
States, and establish regulations for the draft. 

2d. That if any State shall not, by the 15th of August, furnish its 
quota of the additional 300,000 volunteers authorized by la^v, the defi- 
ciency of volunteers in that State will also be made by special draft from 
the militia. The Secretary of War will establish regulations for this 
purpose. 

3d. Regulations will be prepared by the War Department and pre- 
sented to the. President, with the object of securing the promotion of 
officers of the army and volunteers, for meritorious and distinguished 
services, and of preventing the nomination or appcintment in the mili- 
tary service of incompetent or unworthy officers. The regulations >Till 
also provide for ridding the service of such incompetent persons as now 
hold commissions. 

By order of the President. 

EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of WVr. 

The quota of Schuylkill County under this new demand was 
1,667, to be furnished either by volunteering or by a draft. 

Spirited war meetings were held throughout the County for the 
purpose of devising ways and means to furnish the quota of the 
County without drafting. At a County meeting held in the Court 
House in Pottsville, September 9, it was resolved that a bounty of 
fifty dollars be given to every volunteer. 

The result of these efforts was so far successful, that when the 
draft took place under the direction of the Commissioner, John V. 
Hobart, Esq., but 1,281 names were drawn. 

The men wlio went into the service from the County, under this 
draft, were subsequently organized at Harrisburg into a Regiment, 
the One Hundred and Seventy-third. Of the field and staff offi- 
cers, the following were from this County: Colonel, Daniel Na- 
gle ; Lieut.-Coloncl, Z P. Boyer; Adjutant, Eugene Washburn ; 
Quartermaster, B. L. Esheiman. Four of tho Companies in the 



The Calls in 1862. 21T 

Regiment were from Schuylkill County, under command of Cap- 
tains Cleaver, Sheetz, GraejQFand Faust. 

In December, 1862, the Regiment was moved to Norfolk, Ya., 
in whicli Department it remained during its term of service. 

The muster-rolls of the Companies of Captains Sheetz, Graeff^ 
Faust and Cleaver, are as follows : 

0]S"E HUi^DEED AND SEYENTY-TIIIIID REGI- 
MENT, P. D. M. 

COLONEL DANIEL NAGLE. 
COMPANY A. 

Cajy/am— CYRUS SHEETZ. 
1st Lieut. — Israel Applegate. 
2d Lieut. — Charles P. Seitzingeb. 
1st Sergeant — William A. Shoener. 
2d '* Victor Wernert. 

Zd " John F. Brown. 

Ath *' Aaron King. 

bth " George W. Smith, 

1st Corporal — William Swartz. 
2d '* Martin Nungesser. 

Sd '< Edward Gambol. 

4th '* Henry Eisenhart. 

6th " Charles Mourer. 

6ih " Edward B. Leiser. 

7th " John W. Kantner. 

Sth " Daniel Ruiif. 

Fifer — Henry A. Neiman. 
Wago7ier — John ^Y. Hopkins. 

PRIVATES: 

Allen, Robert Haldeman, Jacob 

Blow, Charles Kehley, George 

Bankes, Williara Knecht, George H. 

Beaver, Gideon Kehley, Daniel 

Bowman, Jacob D. Law, Hiester M, 

Boughner, .lefferson D. Miller, Charles 

Brouse, Nathan Monbeck, Enoch 

Beltz, Charles ^Monbeck, John 

Bitler, Jerome Mourer, Stephen 

Bond, David Moore, James 

Boughner, John F. Miller, James 

DeFrehn, Henry Mellen. William 

Devenport, Samuel Mace, Samuel 

Eisenhart, Samuel Mummy, Isaac 

Eisenhart, John Meleher, Henry 

Fegley, William M. Owens, James 

Coho, John Peifer, Elias 

Geiger, Edward Price, Thompson 

Housman, Conrad Pflueger, William 



218 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company A, 173d Regiment — 

Pviegel, Lewis 
Kobottam, Benjamin 
llouch, Samuel 
Stewart, Josiali 
Sclilear, Daniel 
Slioener, Morgan 
Stauifer, John H. 
Smith, Daniel 
Seltzer, John P. 
Seltzer, William F. 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officer 

Musician, _ _ _ 

Wagoner, 

Privates, _ _ - 



Continued. 

Shoener, Joseph 
Schwab, Adam 
Shiverstine, John 
Simmons, John 
Schaup, Daniel 
Washburn, Eugene 
Yost, Nathaniel 
ZoU, Joseph 
Zimmerman, Samuel 



s, 



Total, 



13 
1 
1 

57 

75 



COMPANY D. 



Captain— S>A.'MXSY.Ij B. GPtAEFF. 
Isl Lieut. — Benjamin F. Solliday. 
'Id Lieut. — Charles F. Miller. 
\st Sergeant — Francis B. Graeff. 
2c? " Jacob Bock. 

o(^ " Elias Giluner. 

Ath *' Martin Bbnsinger. 

bth " William Backer. 

\st Corporal — Emanuel Sassaman. 
Id " John Kemery, 

Zd " William B. Shock. 

\th " Aaron Miller. 

5^/t " Philip Wrrtman, 

G^/i " William W. Seltzer. 

"itli " Henry Enuy. 

Fifer — Jesse Grim. 
Drummer — Franklin Reber. 



PKIVATES : 



Adam, Daniel 
Beibleliciaier, Peter 
Betting, Aaron 
Balliet; John 11. 
Behr, Elias 
Breish, Fraley 
Bachert, James 
Billman, Gideon 
Deiner, James M, 
Daubert, Isaac 
Eckroth, Adam 
Eckroth, Moses 
Folk, Henry 
Guidner, Jacob 
Gombar, Henry 



Gibson, William 
Geschwender, William 
Haldeman, Samuel 
Haldeman, John 
Haas, Peter 
Hoffman, Reuben 
Houser, William 
Hartung, Samuel H. 
Houser, Nathan S. 
Iloman, Henry 
Horn, Frank 
Heiser, Valentine 
Ilenninger, Thomas 
Kistler,^J. K. 
Kocker, Elias 



The Calls in 1862. 



219 



Company D, 173d Regiment — 

Koenig, Emanuel 
Leiby, Jacob L. 
Leitz, Mahlon 
Leiser, John 
Mehs, Daniel 
Miller, Joseph R. 
Miller, Reuben F. 
Mull, David 
Nunemacher, James 
Rhinehart, George W. 
Rhinehart, John W. 
Rubrecht, John 
Snyder, Solomon 
Snyder, Simon 
Schweigert, Philip 
Steigerwald, Peter 
Steigerwald, David 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officer; 

Musicians, - - - 

Privates, 

Total, - 



Continued. 



Steigerwald, Frank 
Sassaman, Joel 
Sassaman, Charles 
Sassaman, Israel 
Shock, Florentine 
Seltzer, Benjamin 
Sepp, Jacob 
Wertman, Levi 
Wertman, Elias D, 
Wertman, Willougliby 
Wertman, Samuel 
Wert, David 
Werley, Stephen 
Wehr, Nathan 
Weaver, Benjamin 
Zehner, Nathan H. 

- 3 
12 

2 
63 



80 



COMPANY F. 

Captain— J. R. FAUST. 
1st Lieut. — William F. Christ. 
2d Lieut. — William H. Otto. 
1st Sergeant — J. A. Hoen. 



2d 
Zd 

4th 
oth 



Joseph Miller. 
Adam Hand. 
Henry Reedy. 
John Kaufeman. 



1^^ Coi-j^oral — Israel Klinger. 

2d " Peter Bixler. 

Zd " John K. Zerby. 

-Ith " Franklin Heisler. 

bth " H. William Bressler. 

1th " John SciiOMrrER. 

d)th <' Benjamin F. Pinkerton. 

Drummer — Lewis Artz. 

Fifer — John F. Dull. 

Regimental Postmaster — Solomon L. Kirk. 

Teamster — Daniel Weikle. 



PRIVATES: 



Artz, Peter 
Bressler, Augustus 
Bixler, Benjamin 
Christ, Elias 
Clouser, Jacob 
Derr, Samuel 
Dunkleberger, Israel 



Dull, CyTiis 
Dipping, Leonard 
Dressier, Jacob 
Dressier, Josiah 
Eckel, Percival 
Fessler, Charles 
Forteman, Edwin 



220 



The Calls in 1862. 



Company F, 173d Regiment — Cont 

Forteman, James 
Fidler, Tjrus 
Goodman, Elias 
Gable, Daniel S. 
Herb, Abraham 
Haubt, Franklin 
Haas, Isaac 
Hand, Josiah 
Herring, Jonathan 
Kessler, Paul 
Klinger, George 
Kepner, Emanuel 
Kehler, Emanuel 
Miller, John L. 
Morgan, Daniel 
Nightlinger, Henry 
Ney, Israel 
Nagle, Israel 
Otto, John B. 
Otto, Nathaniel 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - - 
Regimental Postmaster, 
Teamster, - _ - - 
Privates, - _ - - 



inued, 

Schucker, Simon 
Sponsayler, Henry 
Specht, Levi 
Swab, Jacob 
Snyder, Daniel M. 
Sinsel, Peter 
Savidge, Val. 
Updegrove, Edward 
Updegrove, John R. 
Wolfgang, John 
Workman, Benjamin 
Weary, Isaac 
Workman, Jacob 
Walter, Daniel 
AVolfgang, Sol 
W^olfgang, Simon 
Zimmerman, Elias 
Dunkelberger, E. 
Troutman, E. 
Kehler, William 

- 3 

- 12 

- 2 
1 

- 1 

- 54 

"73 



COMPANY H. 

Captain— ZM,YE^ R. CLExWER. 

1st Lieut. — William J. Christian. 

2d Lieut. — Henry B. Sessinger. 

1st Sergeant — William A. Bensingeu. ^ 

2d " George W. Downing. 

3c? " Peter Imsciiwiler. 

'1th *' John Shelly, 

bill *' William A. Hi?imelright. 

1st Corporal — Charles H. Smith. 



Zd 

4th 

bth «' 

Qth " 

1th " 

Sth *' 
Musicians- 



Bolick, Andrew 
Bowen, David 
Bawn, Nathaniel 
Blakley, James 
Copenhaver, John 



Jacob Reedy. 
William T. Jones. 
Andrew Paul. 
Peter J. Gilbert. 
Patrick Muldowney. 
John Stephens. 
-Charles L. Fisher, Peter Roderion. 



PRIVATES 



Conly, Robert 
Dunn, Edward 
Dillman, Charles M. 
Dreisbach, Yost W. 
Delaney, James 



The Calls in 1862. 



221 



Company H, 173d Regiment — Continued, 



Ditty, William T. 


Omer, Robert 


Drumheller, John 


Paul, Jacob 


Fisher, William H. 


Parham, Frank 


Fisher, Charles F. 


Purcil, Daniel 


Frometer, Jacob 


Paul, David 


GoUaher, John 


Roderon, Valentine 


Garrett, William 


Rehm, George 


Garris, Peter 


Reiff, George 


Heilner, Isaac N. 


Robertson, George 


Hartz, Israel 


Smith, Monroe 


Huber, Daniel 


Stitzer, John 


Horbach, Jacob 


Strauble, George 


Heckler, Jacob 


Schapbell, Frank F 


Hughes, John 


Schredley, Andrew 


Hogentogler, William 


Smith, George 


Jones, Daniel 


Toby, Conrad 


Kleiusmith, Nicholas 


Thompson, Eli 


Keim, Joseph 


Valentine, Ellis 


Koppf, William 


Wilson, John 


Kreiser, William 


Warlow, Joseph 


Klase, Charles F. 


Williams, Patrick 


Morrison, William 


Watson, John 


Mrtundler, Francis 


Yarnall, Isaac 


May, Philip 


Young, George 


Martin, William J. 


Zerby, Jackson 


Nolan, Martin 




Commissioned Officers, 


- 3 


Non-commissioned Officers, 


12 


Musicians, - - - - 


- 2 


Priyates, . - - 


61 


' 


78 


GRAND RECAPITULATION. 


Field and Staff, - 


- 4 


Commissioned Line- officers, 


12 


Non-commissioned Officers, 


- 49 


Musicians, - _ - 


7 


Teamsters, - - - - 


- - - 2 


llegiment Postmaster, 


1 


Privates, _ - - - 


235 


Total, 


- 310 



THE FIRST BATTLE OF FREDERICKSBURG. 

Early in December, 1862, General Burnside, then in command 
of the Army of the Potomac, crossed the Rappahannock River 
and occupied Fredericksburg, the Rebels retiring to their works 

19 



222 The Calls in 1862. 

in the rear of the town. Every preparation having been made, ou 
Saturday, December 13, General 13urnside moved upon the enemy's 
position ; Sumner's Division forming the right of the Union line ; 
Hooker's the centre, and Franklin's the loft. The National troops 
fought bravely and stubbornly all day, and even gained some 
advantages on the left, but thoy could not perform impossibilities, 
and at night they were in a position before the rebel fortifications 
clearly explained in the following dispatch from General Burnside 
to General Halleck : 

Headquarters Asmy of the Potomac, ) 
December 16 — G P. M. / 

Major-General Halleck, Commander-in-Chief: 

The Army of the Potomac was withdrawn to this side of the Ptappa- 
hannock River, because 1 felt fully convinced that the position in front 
could not be carried, and it was a military necessity either to attack the. 
enemy or retire. A repulse would have been disastrous to us under exist- 
ing circumstances. 

The army was withdrawn at night without the knowledge of the enemy, 
and tcithout loss, either of projicrty or men. 

AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE, 
Major-General Commanding. 

The forces did not renew the fighting on Sunday and Monday, 
and on Monday night the entire army was withdrawn safely to the 
north bank of the Rappahannock River. Not a single man or gun 
was lost in the retrograde movement. 

In this severe contest Schuylkill County was represented by the 
One Hundred and Twenty-ninth, Forty-eighth, and Ninety-sixth 
Regiments. The latter Regiment was not immediately engaged^ 
and did not suffer so severely as the first-named commands. 



THE PART THE ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-NINTH REGIMENT 
TOOK IN THE BATTLE. 

The following graphic account of the part the One Hundred 
and Twenty-ninth Regiment took in the battle, was written a few 
days after by one of its ofiiccrs : 

Camp Near Falmouth, Va., December 20, 1862. 

Dear : I have been so busy for the last few days making out the 

returns and reports for the Regiment, that it has been impossible for me 
to sit down and write you after the terrible battle in which we were 
engaged on the 13th. I escaped without injury, which seems to me 
almost miraculous, for the bullets and shell flew about me most plenti- 



The Calls in 1862. 223 



fully, making many a poor fellow bite the dust. So far as I can judge, 
our Brigade was in the hottest fire of the battle, and the wonder is that 
the Regiment was not entirely cut to pieces. As it is we have to report 
io7 of our Regiment among the killed, wounded and missing, out of less 
than GOO who went into the fight. 

The newspapers will give you a pretty accurate account of the move- 
ments of our Division, (Humphrey's) Butterfield's Corps, (Fifth) and 
Hooker's Grand Division, on that day, and with the aid of maps you can 
get a very fair idea of the action. 

We broke camp early on the morning of the 11 th, and were to have 
been at the river, ready to cross by A. M. The cannonading com- 
menced long before the break of day, principally from our side, for the 
purpose of clearing the opposite bank of the enemy's sharpshooters, so 
as to enable us to throw the bridges across the river. The attempt was 
fruitless for a long time, until several boats, filled with volunteers from 
the different Regiments, ])ushed themselves across right in the face of 
the enemy, and soon had the bank of the river and houses near by 
cleared of the rebel sharpshooters. A good deal of fighting took place 
in the streets, but the rebels finally took to their heels. It was nearly 
dark, however, by the time this was effected, and in the meantime the 
air was filled with the roar of the artillery. We encamped about one and 
a half miles from the river, on tlie hard frozen ground, with nothing over 
us but the clear, blue sky, and by the time morning came we were all 
pretty well chilled. We started early in tlie morning again, and moved 
forward nearly a mile when we halted. The large number of troops in 
advance of us, and the resistance met with on the other side, made our 
movements very slow. We bivouacked for the night in a pine woods, 
where we were almost suffocated and blinded by the smoke. During the 
whole of the da}' the cannonading was continuous, and every now and 
then we could distinguish the sharp rattle of musketry. Dense clouds 
of smoke hung over tlie town and about the batteries of the enemy and 
our own. The town itself had been fired in a dozen different places and 
was burning furiously. The sight from the hill where we were encamped, 
was magaificent. We could see from right to left of the whole line of 
batteries, where the contest raged most furiously. 

Next morning we moved on again, with our whole Division, towards 
the middle pontoon bridge. The cannonading had become more furious 
than ever, and the continued volleys of musketry told that the infantry 
were at last engaged in close combat We crossed the river about noon, 
and tlie rebels commenced to pepper us with ball and shell from the bat- 
teries beyond the town, though without doing us any more damage, than 
giving us lessons in the art of dodging. We had become so well accus- 
tomed to the sound and to the shells flying about our heads, that no 
confusion was created in the ranks. As we got into the streets of the 
town, where we marched and countermarched for an hour and more, the 
shell fell fast and furiously about us, shattering the buildings and crea- 
ting havoc all around. Here I saw the first man killed. He belonged 
to the One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
was not more than thirty feet from me when he was struck. He was 
almost cut into two. He threw up his hands, exclaiming, " Oh, my God! 
take me," and expired almost immediately, I have no doubt the sight 
of this made some of the boys feel a little queer — a little qualmish — as 
though playing with such balls was not exactly such harmless sport as 
many of them had imagined. We deposited our knapsacks and blankets 
in one of the buildings of the town and then moved on towards the out- 



224 The Calls in 1862. 



gkirts of tbe town, by a road leading directly from the river to the bluff 
or high eminence on which most of the enemy's batteries were posted. 
This hill extends in the rear of the town from the river along the whole 
length of tlie town and still further both on the right and'left, and is 
perhaps three-fourths of a mile from the town. After getting beyond 
the outskirts of the town, we arrived at a marshy place, near an old tan- 
yard, protected from the principal battery in front by a rise in the 
ground behind which we lay, but in full view from the batteries on the 
right. We were not here more than a minute, when from the position 
where I stood (on my horse) I could see the smoke belching out from tlie 
battery on the right, and I could see the shell come whizzing right down 
into our ranks, where it exploded, killing several and wounding others, 
1 could see them drawing the cannon back, reloading it, and tiring 
again. The shots were well directed each time, and two of them came 
uncomfortably close. They had full chance .for sweeping and raking us 
where we lay, and we thought it about time to look for better quarters. 
It looked fearful to see them loading the guns, running them out, firing 
them, and then see the balls come plunging along almost in a direct line 
for one's self — and it required more cool courage to witness this without 
flinching, than afterward to go into the chai^ge, where everything was 
excitement and uproar. Lieutenant Parvin, Company B, was mortally 
wounded here. He has since died — his father I think, lives in Reading. 
We moved out from this position, and took our position in line of battle 
on the left of the road, behind a battery which was playing most vigor- 
ously on the enemy in front. The position was nevertheless a dangerous 
one, for the shot and shell fell around us and burst over our heads, 
e.very now and then stretching some soldier lifeless on the ground. 
Here we lay until it began to grow dusk, when a charge was ordered for 
the purpose of capturing a stone wall about two hundred yards ahead of 
us, and behind which the rebels lay, pouring in a destructive fire, and 
the cannoniers working the batteries were fearfully exposed to the shots 
from the enemy's batteries posted behind the stone wall, about halfway 
up the hill, and from accounts since received, their forces lay thick 
behind the wall and in a piece of woods running towards the top of the 
hill. The famous stone wall itself ran along the foot of the hill, and 
afforded safe protection to a large body of the enemy. In addition to 
this were tlie rifle-pits constructed in front, and the numerous batteries 
which covered the hill, and you have an idea of the terrible difficulties 
to be surmounted, and the tearfulness and rashness of the charge to be 
made in order to capture these works. Several attempts had been made 
during the day to capture them, but without success, and the ground 
oyer which we charged, besides being very muddy, was strewn with the 
dead and dying who had fallen in the previous attempts. 

When the order to charge was given, we moved forward w^ith a loud 
hurrah, and charged at a run, with bayonets fixed, over the gently rising 
plain towards the enemy. Our line was well preserved, even though we 
were obliged to pass over two other Regiments lying down, and cross a 
fence that stood in our way. Immediately the batteries began to play 
upon us from every side, and there was a continuous line of fire from 
the top of the stone wall right into our ranks. How the bullets whistled 
and hissed about our heads, and the shell exploded right in our midst. 
Nothing could withstand that withering line of fire. Men fell around 
me on all sides, and it seemed almost a miracle that I was untouched. 
The line was kept in as good order as was possible under the circum- 
stances. We advanced to within a short distance of the wall — perhaps 



The Calls in 1862. 225 



fifty or seventy-five yards — and then flesli and blood could stand it no 
Jonger. Tlie line began to waver and part — our advance was checked. 
We could not keep the gaps in the ranks filled up. The oflficers did their 
best to urge the men forward, but it was worse than useless, as nothing 
but death stared them in the face. We began to retire, and the enemy 
seeing this, poured in a more destructive fire than ever. Still there was 
no panic among the men, and although some confusion occurred in the 
ranks, we retired slowly and deliberately to our first position, where we 
formed once more, ready to meet an attack from the enemy, v/hich we 
fully expected after our repulse. Had they attempted it, they would 
have found us prepared to receive them with unbroken ranks. By this 
time it had grown quite dark ; still the rattle of musketry and the thun- 
dering of the cannon continued until long after. The charge our Brigade 
had made was the most spirited of the whole day, and we advanced 
nearer the enemy's position than any other troops. From the time we 
first started on tlie charge to the time Ave returned, was scarcely more 
tlian fifteen or twenty minutes ; yet in that short time one hundred and 
thirty-seven of our men had fallen, either killed, wounded, or afterwards 
discovered to be among the missing. Nine officers of the Regiment were 
either killed or wounded, and, so far as I know, there was not one who 
faltered or hung back. Our Colonel exposed himself fearlessly, keeping 
the line in good order, and cheering the men forward in that fearful 
advance; and afterwards, when we were compelled to retire, restored 
the line once more, so as to be prepared for any movement of the enemy. 
We remained in this position until long after dark, and the firing had 
almost entirely ceased — a few stray shots from the pickets were all that 
could be hear:l. 

Late at night we moved back to town and rested for a time on the 
sidewalk of one of the streets, tired, weary and dirty. We were called 
into line again after midnight, and once more moved out to the field. It 
presented a terrible sight. The dead lay all around us, in every con- 
ceivable position, the groans of the wounded and dying filled the air — 
one poor fellow, who had a terrible wound in the side, begged to be shc-t 
so as to put him out of his miser}'— another young soldier was talking 
incoherently of his mother and his home, whilst another still was utter- 
ing fearful imprecations. You could also hear the groans of the rebel 
wounded, as they lay behind the stone wall. Broken muskets were 
strewn over the ground — some of the dead held their guns firmly in their 
hands, as though unwilling to give them up, though the power to use 
them had long since departed, and they had been summoned to another 
land, far away. It was a siglit never to be forgotten. We lay in our 
old position until morning, wet, cold and hungry, and then moved back 
again to the town, having been relieved by other troops. 

We found shelter in some of the deserted houses. The Field and Staff 
of the Regiment procured ample accommodations in the "Planters' 
Hotel" — a fine three-story brick — we occTipied the "■ ladies' parlor," had 
fine mattresses to sleep op, an old fashioned piano to discourse sweet 
music, plenty of flour in the larder, out of which we baked ' slap-jacks," 
an abundance of kitchen utensils, enough to supply several Regiments. 
The accommodations were extensive and the food very good for soldiers 
accustomed to nothing but hard bread and salt pork. The place had 
evidently been left yerj hastily, just before breakfast time, for the table 
was set, tlie spoons in the sugar-bowls, the cups and saucers ready to 
be filled, with rye coffee, I presume, and the table-cloth spread. I did 
not get there in time to see what kind of meats or preserves the proprie- 



226 The Calls in 1862. 



tor Lad intended to regale his guests ■with that morning, probably, how- 
ever, the usual beefsteak was on the table, with eorncakes, " hog and 
hominy." Here we remained until Monday night, when we were ordered 
out on picket, and set to work digging trenches, rifie-pits, breastworks, 
&e. We expected hot work next morning, and worked like beavers to 
put ourselves in proper condition to receive the rebs. At about 1 o'clock 
we were relieved and marched down to the lower part of the town, Avhere 
we remained for several hours. We wondered what it all meant, though 
we had a suspicion that an evacuation was intended. About 4 o'clock 
we received orders to move, and were marched directly across the river 
to this side, without giving us any opportunity of getting the knapsacks, 
blankets, or tents of the men. We trudged along through the rain and 
mud, and at last reached an old camp. It has been intensely cold ever 
since, and tlie men have suffered terribly without shelter and without 
blankets. ^ 



THE OFFICIAL llEPORT OF COLONEL FRICK. 
The following is the official report of Colonel Jacob Gr. Frick of 
the conduct of the Regiment^ vrith the casualties sustained bj the 
coininand : 

Headquaiitkhs 12Dtii Regiment, P. V., ) 

Camp near Fredericksburg, Va., December 17, 1862. j 

Captain : In compliance with instructions from headquarters First 
3>rigade, 1 have the honor to make the following report of the casualties 
of my Regiment in the "Battle of Fredericksburg," December 13, 18G2, 
and as required by paragraph 465, Revised Army Regulations: 

Officers Killed. 

Lieutenant J. Parvin, Company B. 

Officers Wounded. 

Captain Lawrence, Company A. Captain L. C. Leib, Company Gr. 
" William Wren, Company B. Lieut. A. A. Luckenbach, Co, C. 
" J. K. Taylor, Company C. " Joseph Oliver, Company D. 
" Herbert Thomas, Co. 1). Total officers wounded — 8. 
" E. G. Rehrer, Company E. 

KUled. 

Company A. Company E. 

John M. Jones, Clarence E. Bailey. 
John Nicholas, Company F. 

Thomas Millington. Jeremiah Albert, 

Company B. Corporal Josiah J. Trausen. 
James Edwards, Company G. 

John C. Niese. Corporal Joseph Felterman, 

Company C. William W. Price, 

Corporal William H. Kock. Gabriel Crow. 

Company D. Company K. 

George Bidwell, Franklin Willauer. 
Edward Wilson. 



The Calls in 1862. 



227 



Company A. 
Sergeant Chas F. Falls, 
Corporal William Dier, 

" Jacob Zimmerman, 
Samuel Allen, 
John Allen, 
Peter Cloppier, 
Patrick Hughes, 
"William E. Kline, 
John Robbins, 
Peter Welsh, 
Jerry Ileckman, 
John Ilohlmau, 
William Robertson, 
John Taylor, 
Benjamin Humphreys, 

Company B. 

Charles F. Dcibert, 
Edward Edwards, 
Patrick F, Ferguson, 
William D. Guertler, 
Richard Jones, 
Thomas H. Lewis, 
Samuel Rushworth, 
Eli Yeager. 

C03IPANY C. 

Sergeant William B. McCarty, 
Corporal A. R. Scholl, 
W. M. Wliallon. 

Company D. 

Corporal J. Bachman, 

" Reuben Lerch, 
Reuben Albert, 
Edward Alsfeldt, 
Burton Burrell, 
Paul Dormer, 
Isaac Fine, 
Irwin Hartzell, 
James Moyer, 
Frank Tomer, 
John Shiffer. 

Company E. 
Sergeant E. F. Bodey, 
Adam Krause, 
William Johnston, 
Samuel Huntzinger, 
George W. Ziegler, 
John A. Shaeffer, 
Jacob Wagner. 

Company A. 
'^illiam J. Jones. 



Wounded. 

Company F. 
Sergeant Oliver H. Armstrong, 
William H. Hartzell, 
Corporal AVilli.am Ateer, 

" Otto Wohlgenmuth, 
John Butz, 
Enos Dunbar, 
Robert EUet, 
William Frey, 
David Frankenfield, 
Edward Fraunfelder, 
Joseph Geisinger, 
Andrew Iloft'man, 
Henry Ilunsberger, 
Thomas Kelly, 
John Krcssler, 
William Joy, 
John iVIaginnes, 
Christian H. Rice, 
Edward Transue, 
Joseph AYheeler, 
John Wallace. 

Comi'axy G. 
Corporal H. W. Z art man, 

" E. C. Murray, 
Aaron Dreher, 
Isaac Davis, 
Blazius Fritz, 
Andrew Kessler, 
Richard Llewellyn, 
Adam Maury, 
Joshua Paj'ne, 
John A. Phillips, 
Thomas Richards, 
George Williams. 

Company H. 
Corporal Jabez Wooley, 
William Grove, 
John Haslem, 
Peter Hain, 
David Lewis, 
John W. Dunges, 
Henry Bowman. 

Company I. 
Jacob R. W^eikel, 
George Harbst, 
Morris Hunsicker. 

Company K. 
Corporal George A. Simons, 
William Sletor, 
Henry Steinmetz. 

Missing, 

Company B. 
Peter Brown. 



'22S 



The Calls ix 18G2. 



Com r ANY 
llcnry Bonner, 
Siumiol r>e;ir. 
William W. Sbellov. 

Company 
Charles Barnett, 
Mutiliew McAbee, 
Samuel Williams. 

Com r ANY 
Cliristiau N. Blum. 

Company 
Uubori Hill. 
David Bruoe, 
Derrick Arcu. 



Ivilled, 
WouudeJ. 



Company G. 
Corporal Mioliael F. Sehopboll. 
Franklin IIolli:?ter. 

Company IT. 
Sergeant Samuel C. Aregoed. 
John W, Smith. 
Peter Bummerbough. 
John Bracey, 
James Crawley. 
Ely Leese, 
William Ihivi?, 
Kichard Shoener. 
Enoch Lambert. 



iieoaphtlatiox. 
Officers. 



Mtn. 



Killed. 

Wounded, 

Missing, 



15 

90 



Total. ------ 137 

I have but little to add to the above record. It speaks volumes for 
the men of my Regiment, and I cannot speak too highly of their conduct 
in the terrible contiict of Saturday, Deeep.iber 13. I believe every officer 
and every soldier was in his proper place, and did his Avhole duty. 
Their blood has been shed freely for the preservation of the Government 
and for the maintenance of free institutions, and they will be remem- 
bered by a grateful people. 

To Lieut. -Colonel Armstrong, vrho had his horse shot under him. 1 
am much indebted for valuable assistance on the field. He was cool anil 
courageous: everywhere where duty called him encouraging the men 
and urging them forward. To Major Anthony, I am also indebted for 
valuable services in this action. He again displayed that courage and 
ability that characterized his conduct on other iields since the commence- 
ment of this war. Adjutant Green discharged his whole duty regardless 
of personal peril, and exhibiied a cool courage that cannot be too highly 
eommended. 

The gallantry displayed on that fatal field by our brave volunteer*, 
under circumstances which did not admit of hope of success, is but 
another proof of their unconquerable determination to suppress ibe 
Rebellion and maintain the integrity of our Union, at every sacrifice. 1 
am. Captain, verv respectfully, \ uiir obedient servant, 

JACOB G. FRICK, 
Colonel One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Penn. Volunteers. 
To n. C. Ra.nney, Captain and A. A. General Tyler's Brigade. 

The Sclmylkill County Companies in the above list, are A. U, 

E. a. and n. 



The Calls in 1862. 229 

the tart the forty-eighth regiment took in the 

BATTLE. 

After the battle, J. K. Sigfried, Colonel of the Forty-eighth, 
wrote us the following letter descriptive of the part the Kegiment 
took in the fight, with a list of the casualties sustained by his 
command : 

Headquarters FoRTY-EiGnTii Regiment, P. V., 1 
Near Fredericksburg, Va., December 1(J, 18G2. / 

As you liave no doubt received a full account of the battle of Frede- 
ricksburg and of the evacuation of the city by our forces last night, I 
will confine myself chiefly to my own command in the engagement. 

We bivouacked in the street on the right of the city the preceding 
night; towards noon on the 13th marched toward the left and to the 
support of the Second Brigade of same Division, At 1 o'clock P. M., 
received orders from General Nagle to march to the open field in the 
rear of the city, when my Regiment was kept in reserve (while the rest 
of our Brigade marched forward) until half-past 2 o'clock, when Gene- 
ral Sturges ordered me to forward my command to assist in repelling a 
charge the enemy was about making on our line. We started and went 
at double-quick (a distance of half a mile) under a most terrific fire of 
shell, grape, and cannister from the enemy's batteries. Arriving at the 
hill (about four hundred yards from the enemy's breastworks,) I was 
requested by Colonel Clark, of the Twenty-first Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, to relieve his Regiment; their ammunition was nearly expended: 
I did so ; when we remained on the crest of the hill until our ammuni- 
tion was exhausted (sixty rounds per man,) when Colonel Brown, of the 
Twelfth Rhode Island Volunteers, relieved us. At dusk the hill became 
crowded, and seeing other Regiments still coming up. Colonel Clark and 
myself concluded best to return to the city for ammunition, and give 
room for fresh troops to get under the shelter of the hill. 

Too much praise cannot be given to all the soldiers (and the following 
officers who were in the battle, viz.: Lieut. -Colonel Pleasants, Major 
J. Wren, Adjutant D. D. McGinnes, Captains U. A. Bast, G. W. Gowen, 
Winlack, Hoskins, 0. C. Bosbyshell, J. A. Gilmour, John R. Porter, Isaac 
Brennan, and Lieutenants H. Boyer, Eveland, John Wood, Humes, Chas. 
Loeser, Jr., Bohannan, Fisher, James, Williams, Jackson, Pollock, A. 
Bowen, Scliuck, Douty and Stitzer,) for their gallantry during the entire 
engagement. Their line was steady and unbroken while advancing 
under the most murderous shelling of the enemy, and their fire delibe- 
rate, well-aimed and effective. 

I deeply sympathize with the families and friends of those who have 
fallen, but it is a source of great gratification to know that they fell 
while gallantly defending a just and holy cause. 

The following is the list of killed, wounded and missing : 

Killed. 

Company A. John Williams, 

Private James Williams. William Hill. 

Company B. Company D. 

Corporal Reuben Robinson, Sergeant Henry Williamson, 

Michael Divine, Thomas Kinney. 



230 The Calls in 1862. 



Wounded. 

Company A. /' Company F. 

Joseph B. Carter, / David Griffith, 

William F. Heiser, Evan W. Thomas, 

CoMTAxy P.. William Fulton. 
Sergeant N. W. Major, Company G. 

William Brown, .Ser|?eant James C. Nios, 

Clemens Betzler, Daniel Dunn, 

Carey Ileaton, 'Tohn Tobin. 
I'hilip Carling, Company II. 

Lieut. John S. Wood. Captain Joseph A. Gilmour, 

C>mpvny C Corporal Alba ('. Thompson. 

/-<,„,,„ 1 Ti^, u- • ' Valentine Kinswell. 

(yorporal Henry Weiser, p , 

Samuel Harrison, ^ ^ . t^ Company J. 

Charles Walker, Sergeant I rancis D Koch, 

Andrew Scott, ,.''T^'^''^,l •^^™^' ^^'^^^'' 

Tvi; 1 „i AT^ni 1 1- VVi son Kerns, 

Michael Mctjlaughlm, ,, , , ,, .,.' „ 

-r,,i ,. VI.,,., „,- j.dward i. fenappelle. 

John Murrav. , , „ i /v. 

Jacob Gongluff, 

Company D. Charles E. Weaver, 

Corporal John II. Derr. Anthony BeKz, 

II. C. BurkJiolter. Joseph Gilbert, 

Company E, Elias Faust. 
Robert Hughes, Company K. 

Edward Murphy. John Currey, 

John Sunderland, Thomas Currey, 

Corporal Michael Sandy, Frank Siuion, 

" Samuel Clemens. Michael Delaney. 

George Ayrgood. 

UKCAPITULATION. 

Killed, 7 

Wounded, - 43 

^lissing. ----_. -1 

Total, 51 

Yours respectfully, J. K. SIGFRIED, 

Colonel Commanding Regiment. 

The Forty-eighth was in General James Nagle's Brigade. 
Annexed is a copy of the Gcnerars official report: 

llEADQriAraKRs First BiiniAnp:, 2d Division, 9Tir Aumy Corps, "^ 
Near Falmouth, Va., December 16, 1862. j 

General : T have the honor to submit, the following report of the part 
taken by my Brigade in the recent operations against the enemy: 

On the morning of Friday, the 12th inst., in obedience to your order, 
I crossed the Rappahannock, in the vicinity of the Lacy House, with my 
j{rigade, and took position under the shelter on the opposite side of the 
river. 1 remained in this position until 4 P. M., when I moved my 
troops a short distance down the first street running parallel with the 
river, where they bivouacked for the night. On the morning of the loth 
1 moved further down said street, left in front, until I came up with the 



The Calls in 1862. 231 



right of General Getty's troops. Here I remained until 12^ o'clock, P. 
M., when I, by j'our order, advanced to the support of General Ferrero, 
who was already engaged ; I moved by the right of regiments to the 
front, to pass obstacles, until I got to the rear of the town, where the 
regiments formed in line of battle. The Sixth New Hampshire, (Colo- 
nel Griffin,) and the Seventh Rhode Island, (Colonel Bliss,) advanced to 
the front on the right of the railroad, in good order under a murderous 
fire from the enemy's artillery. The Second Maryland, (Colonel Allard,) 
Twelfth Rhode Island, (Colonel Browne,) and Ninth New Hampshire, 
(Lieut. -Colonel Babbitt commanding,) being on the left of the railroad, 
were moved in order under shelter as much as possible, to the railroad 
cut, and from there advanced to the front. 

The Forty-eight Pennsylvania, (Colonel Sigfried.) was for a time, held 
in reserve. At 2=] o'clock P. M., the Forty-eighth was ordered to the 
front. The men marched forward under a galling fire, like true vete- 
rans. 

The whole of my Brigade remained in the front and did good service, 
until after sixty rounds of ammunition had been expended, and until 
they were relieved at dusk by other troops, when by your order my com- 
mand was withdrawn, in good order, to the position occupied on the pre- 
vious night. The men were here supplied with ammunition, and then 
bivouacked for the night. 

My Brigade remained in the same position until Monday evening, 
when I was again by your order moved to the front, with instructions to 
hold the city at all hazards. I placed my troops in position on the left 
of the railroad, and commenced to strengtlien and fortify my position 
by throwing up entrenchments and digging rifle-pits, &c. At 11|, P. M., 
by your order I withdrew my command across the river to our former 
camps. 

Too much praise cannot be given to the officers and men of my com- 
mand, especially to the Sixth New Hampshire, Seventh Rhode Island, 
Forty-eighth Pennsylvania, and Ninth New Hampshire. It is vmneces- 
sary for me to speak of the Ninety-Sixth and Forty-eighth ; they, as 
upon former occasions, never flinched. 

The Seventh Rhode Island had never been under fire before, and mucli 
credit is due to Colonel Bliss for the able manner in which he manoeu- 
vred his men, he having lost the assistance of his Lieut. -Colonel, Major 
and Adjutant, during the engagement. 

The Twelfth Rhode Island, being an entire New Regiment, some little 
difficulty was had in getting them into position, but they behaved well 
and did more service than was expected from raw troops. Colonel 
Browne, who was the only field officer, (Major Dyer having been disa- 
bled before going into action,) is entitled to much praise for his personal 
conduct. 

My Brigade went into action with about twenty-seven hundred men, 
and my total loss amounts to five hundred and twenty-two. 

[Signed] JAMES NAGLE, Brigadier-General. 

Brigadier-General Sturges, Commanding 2d Division, 9th Army 
Corps. 

In this battle, Lieutenant Howard Edmonds, of the Third Penn- 
sylvania Cavah-y, and Captain Wilson Hartz, both of Schuylkill 
County, were wounded. 

The One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Regiment, P. V., — in 



232 The Calls Ix\ 1862. 

Company K, of which there was a number of men from Schuylkill 
County — was also in this battle. The Company was commanded 
by William Fox, of Schuylkill Haven. He was killed by a shell 
while crossing the Rappahannock, at Fredericksburg, in the attack 
on that place. The casualties in the Company among the Schuyl- 
kill County men were as follows : 

Wounded. 
Corporal William A. Clock, "William L. Hutton, 

Paul Banks, Christian Hay, 

Franklin Brigal, Franklin Klabr, 

Ellis Fessler, Charles Minnig, 

Elias Hautz, John Whittle. 

Wounded and Missing. 
Edward A. Ileckman, Lewis B. Reber. 



THE BATTLE OF MURFREESBORO'. 

On the 29th of December, 1862, the Western forces under Gene- 
ral Rosecrans, captured Murfreesboro, Tenn., after a severe battle. 
In the engagements attending these operations, the Seventh Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry bore a conspicuous part. 

Shortly after the battle we received the following letter from 
Lieutenant 15. Reilly and Lieutenant H. S. Thompson, of the 
Seventh, in reference to the engagement, and the part the Regi- 
ment bore in it. They are interesting and valuable as records of 
events that transpired under the eyes of the writers : 

MuRFUEESBORo', Tenn., January 7, 1863. 

We have just had the most exciting holidays ever passed or wit- 
nessed by us. Christmas day was quite warm ; it was celebrated by the 
whole army in and around Nashville, but the hurried movements of 
Orderlies and Quartermasters told that there was a great move in con- 
templation. Christmas night the army received the order to be prepared 
to move at daylight, with three days' cooked rations in haversack, and 
five days' rations in bulk. 

The Array of the Ohio (or Cumberland) started from Nashville at G 
A. M., December 20, in a drenching rain. The army advanced on three 
pikes. The right wing, under Major-General McCook, on the Franklin 
Pike; the centre, under Major-General Thomas, on the Nolinsville, and 
the left, under Major-General Crittenden, on the Murfreesboro' Pike. 
Our Division (First Cavalry) was divided, one- third going each road. 
The First Brigade, in which is the Seventh Pennsylvania, moved on the 
Murfreesboro' Pike, in the advance. Colonel Kennett, our Division com- 
mander, (of whose staff I am a member,) moved with the First Brigade. 
The rain ceased at about 11 A. M.; by this time we had made eight miles 



The Calls in 1862. 233 

without, opposition. On starting the ninth mile, we discovered the ene- 
my's scouts in our front. Skirmishing soon commenced, which con- 
tinued until we reached the outskirts of Lavergne (a small village fifteen 
miles distant from Nashville,) when we discovered the enemy in some 
force in the town. We commenced shelling them, expecting to see them 
skedaddle, but they astonished us not a little, upon firing the second 
shell, to see a volume of smoke issue from their lines, and at the same 
instant a shell pass over our heads, hissing and shrieking, but did no 
further damage than the demolishing of a chimney of a house close by. 
We immediately deployed, and an artillery duel commenced, which was 
soon closed by darkness intervening. Our loss was very small, the 
Seventh losing two men wounded. 

We started again at 11, A. M., on the 27th, the enemy leaving the town 
during the night, but we soon caught up to them. They disputed^ our 
passage inch by inch, we only making six miles this day, losing quite a 
number of men. 

On the 28th (Sunday,) we laid quiet, the right wing this day moving 
over to the Nolinsville Pike, and the centre forming a junction w^ith us, 
so we had our line of battle formed by Sunday night. Major-General 
Rosecrans moved on the Murfreesboro' Pike, which by a move of the 
left wing became the centre of our army. 

We started early on the 29th, and had heavy skirmishing all day, the 
enemy retreating slowly before us. At every elevation they would throw 
shells at us. We reached within three miles of Murfreesboro', at 4 P. M., 
when we discovered the enemy in force, and a line of rifle-pits 1,000 
yards distant. After severe skirmishing we went into bivouack for the 
night. The Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry were out scouting, I believe, 
on the 28th and 29th, and took a number of prisoners. 

On the 30th, both parties laid rather quiet until about 8 P. M., when 
our right wing engaged the enemy, and drove them about a mile. Wed- 
nesday, December 81st, broke clear and pleasant. The Seventh had 
been thrown a small distance in rear of the line of battle to act as^cou- 
riers, and to drive up stragglers. Just at daylight I was sent by Gene- 
ral Kosecrans to see that the courier line was extended to General 
McCook's quarters. When I arrived at our right, I found a fierce battle 
raging, and our right wing falling back in disorder. On returning with 
the news, I met Colonel Kennett, who ordered his staflf to rally the men. 
We set to work rallying the men, but by this time it had become a rout; 
cavalry and artillery came rushing headlong and reported everything 
lost. I had succeeded in rallying a few men, when the Texas Rangers 
charged. The men I had once more ran, whereupon 

'•I am taken prisoner." 

The Texas Rangers came up, and one of them, in not the most polite 
manner, ordered me to get off my hor^e, at the same time presenting an 
ugly-looking revolver at me, I, of course, complied with his reqiiest. 
They placed a guard over me, and were about marching me otf into 
Dixie, when Colonel Kennett, who had succeeded in rallying some men, 
charged. They fled, and I was once more taken, but this time by friends. 
I had a very fortunate escape, as the rebels placed us (the prisoners) in 
their rear, so we were between the fire of both parties. In the short 
time of three minutes (all it took our men to pass us,) there were eight 
killed and thirty wounded of the men who were taken with me. I was 
also saved the mortification of losing my sword, as the rebels were in 
such a hurry that it was overlooked. 

20 



234 The Calls in 1862. 



After (he rebels had dclenteil our riu;li(, they att.'iolved our ceuire and 
left Avith great foree, but here ova- lueu stood iirm aud repulsed (hem 
■with great slaugliter. The battle raged furiously here all day, with great 
loss on both sides. General Sill Avas killed, and General ^Villich taken 
])risouer early in the niorning. Lieut. -Colomd Garasche was killed 
about noon, a round shot earrying away his head, lie was chief-of-stalV 
to Genei'al Roseerans. Lieutenant Bartholomew was seriously wounded 
about 1^, P. M., an Knliehl ball striking him in the lei'i side very low 
down, aiul ]iassing out at the right side. 1 found him the next day lying 
in a tent without an^- tire in it. lie Avas in good spirits though very 
seriously wotinded and sutVering very nmeh. I lelt him to procure a 
better place for him. but when 1 returned with help I found that he had 
been carried away by some of his mcTu 1 have been unable to iind him 
since, as there are so many hospitals and so nuiny thousands wounded. 
The bailie of the ;>lst closed at (» P. M., both si<les sleeping Avherc they 
fought. All night the ambulances were running, carrying off the 
wounded. This day's battle was tiring oil" the old year witli a vengeance. 

January 1st. l^^(i:>, broke clear and cool; at 8 A. IM. the enemy ad- 
vanced s])londidly " iu double column at half distance," and when 
wiiliiu throe lunidvod y.ards of our line, opened lire. Our men were 
lying upon ilioii- faces and did not answer until the enemy were within 
tifty yards, when General Negley's Division leaped to their feet and 
poured a terrible lire into them, at the same instant three of our batte- 
ries opened on them with canister and spherical case, literally moAving 
them down. The rebels halted and commenced falling back. Our men 
rharged aud followed them to their entrenchments — it was here that the 
Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania Infantry took a stand of rebel colors. The 
rebels did not advance again that day, but contented themselves with 
shelling our outposts. The cavalry had a fight this day, the Seventh 
losing four men killed, and a number wounded. The only name 1 could 
ascertain of the killed was .lames Gillespie, of Company A. (^ompany 
V lost one killed, one wounded, and some tive or six taken prisoners. 
The Seventh also lost all their baggage and camp ctjuipage. it being 
taken and burned by the enemy. 

•lohn T. Ilazzard, an old citizen of Poitsville, was captured with the 
l^aggage train, and when last seen, the reltels had hhn mouuft'd on a rntde 
th-ifiii// o)i(' of our .•^ix-niult' /cams of for them. 

January 2d opened with a brisk cavalry tight in Avhich the rebels were 
worsted. There was no heavy lighting until '-^ P. M., when the rebels 
were discovered advancing in force, on ovir left wing, llosecraus' and 
Vancleve's divisions were masked here by a thick belt of cedars. Our 
troops let the enemy advance until they were «|uite close, when the most 
destructive fire of the battle was opened on ihem ; they fell back, and 
being agaiai reinforced, again advanced ; three times they .advanced, 
three times were they repulsed: they remained back aboiu half an hour 
after the third repulse, wheit they once more advanced. It was a beau- 
tiful scene : thoy advanced in three lines, almost the whole strength of 
their army. Onr men had also been heavily reinforced. The enemy 
advanced cheering and at a run. Our troops met them steadil3' pouring 
volley after volley into them. They tinally faltered iu their run and 
came to a halt. The command fortrard mah here given, and our troops 
.ndvanced coolly and quietly. The enemy stood for about fifteen minutes 
and then fled. Such a cheer as went up at this moment 1 never before 
heard. Our whole army caught it ; the men were nearly frantic. // 
ica? fhc efncr of viclon/. The victory was ours, after five daye of <ke 



The Calls in 1862. 285 



liar.Jff-t fj^fliting known. Our ccnt)C- and right were ordered forward, 
(the riglj^had been rallied and redeemed it.-elf.) Cold as it was they 
jurnpod into Stone river up to Ihcir wuists and forded it cheering ; but 
night now put a 5-top to the confliet. In this day's iihort hut dcciHivo 
figlit the rebel GcneralH IIan.«on and Uains were killed. ],iV)i) prisoners 
and h'ix pieees of artillery were taken. This night our -wounded rnen 
laid on the field in a drenching rain. (Jur troops Wiid by firen this night 
for the first time for «ix niglits, a.s fires would Jiave betrayed our positiou 
to tlio enerny. 

.Saturday, the 'id, wa.- clear and bright, but the roadn and fields were 
very muddy : so much f-o that artillery could not be moved without gre;:.t 
difficulty. The rebels had rallied somewhat from their defeat of the 
evening previous, and were behind their entrenchments. Thi.g day was 
p.isFcd in artillery rluels. Sunday, the 4th, was another clear day, but 
Ilosecrans don't move on Sunday, unless forced so to do. lie had Ma.-.s 
on the batile-fiel'I. He is a strict Ciitliolie, a priest traveling with him 
all the time. 

Monday we adv^inced at dfjybreak, but the rebeks had skedaddled, 
leaving their wounded to our mercy. We marched into Murfreesboro' 
with colors flying, and the bands phiying " Yankee Doodle." The loss 
on both sides is very heavy. Our Io.^;s in officers is large. We have lost 
two I3ri<radier-Generals, about twenty Colonels, and a large number of 
lesser officers. The regulars were nearly annihilated, nearly every 
officer being either killed or wounded. The loss in men can hardly yet 
be ascertained. Our loss is between ^.000 and 12,000. The rebel losi 
is much greater. I had a magnificent view of the battle, as my position 
in carrying orders gave me a view of nearly every part of the field. Tha 
ilead are not all buried : in fact, none of the rebel dead have as yet been 
buried; tliey are still lying in hef.ps on the battle-field. It is a sicken- 
ing siglit, as a great niunber of them were killed seven daj^s ago. They 
are quite black in the fiice. The manner of burial on the field, is thus: 
a If.ng ditch, about three feet deep, is dug, into which the bodies, to 
1 he number of about one hundred, are thrown. It is then covered, and 
the burial party puoceeds to another heap, whore the same operation ia 
gone thr<»ugh witJi. 

Our troops in this protracted struggle had to contend with hunger thy 
last two days, as the enemy cut off our supply train : so, after a severe 
fight, they were obliged to lie down without anything to eat, even a lire 
or a bit of shelter. The Pennsylvania troops engaged behaved gallantly. 
The Seventy-seventh and Seventy-eighth fought splendidly, and logt a 
large number of inen. The Seventy-ninth were not engaged in the fierce 
contest, although they were skirmishing all the time. 

The Fifteenth Ponnsylvaiiia Cavalry fAnderson's Troop) suffered 
severely in several struggles, and for a new liegiment behaved very 
well, i don't think any of the Schuylkill County members of the Regi- 
ment are injured. I saw Charles Beck about 4, P. M., of the 31st; ke 
was then in range of the enemy's shells, and had a narrow escape, a.g I 
saw one of them explode within five yards of him, but by beating a 
hasty retreat, he came off safe. lie informed me that the other Schuyl- 
kill members of the troop were safe when he left them. I have not seen 
any of them since. The Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry behaved with 
treat gallantry, and .Major Wynkoop, who is in command of the Regi- 
ment, (it is consolidated now, and 1 think it will not be again separated,) 
has been highly complimented. Captain .Jennings, Lieutenants Thorap- 
Bon. While and .Tr.ne«. arc- all r-afe and well, but arc minus all their bag- 



286 The Calls in 1862. 



gage. Quartermasters Ricket and Reed did all tbej could for the train, 
but seeing tlie enemy approaching, they, by a judicious use of horse- 
flesh, escaped to Nashville. 

The rebels used English bullets almost entirely. I picked up a rebel 
cartridge, and on examining the cartridges found the makers' stamp on 
them; it was " E. & A. Ludlow, Birmingham, England." The balls are 
very pretty, being similar to the Minie ball, except at the base they are 
hollow for half an inch, in which is placed a wooden plug, so that at the 
explosion the wooden plug being driven into the ball, expands it, and 
prevents windage. 

Since my last letter there have been three deaths in Company F, viz : 
Thomas Dolan, of injuries received in the fight at Sweden's Cove ; 
Samuel Dunlap, of disease, and William A. Jones, of a wound received 
near TuUahoma last summer. B. R. 

January, Sfh. — Lieutenant Bartholomew is much improved. He was 
taken to Nashivlle this morning in an ambulance. He was in good spir- 
its. I met last evening Lieutenant Zacli. .Tones and Sergeant Good of 
the Fifty-eighth Indiana Regiment, both Pottsville boys. They are in 
good spirits, and behaved quite gallantly in the battle.* B. R. 



^ Ix Cami' near MuiiFREESBORo", TeXxV., January 8, 18G3. 

rresuming that a letter from the Fourteenth iVrmy Corps, Department 
of the Cumberland, may not be unacceptable at the present time, I offer 
myself as your correspondent. 

The public will long before this is received, have heard the glorious 
news of Rosocrans' victory in Tennessee, but they can never feel the 
hopes, doubts, and fears of those engaged in the long struggle. To be 
upon the field of battle and feel as though your heart's blood wore staked 
on the result, every reverse and every advantage, and finally to come to 
a full consciousness that you have been victorious, makes the heart 
almost overflow with joy. 

Rosecrans moved from Nashville on Friday morning, December 26th, 
t.jwards Murfreesboro'. My Regiment (the Seven'sh Pennsylvania Ca- 
valry^ was upon the direct Murfreesboro' and Nasliville pike. On this 
load the rebel pickets were met seven or eight miles from Nashville, and 
driven by the cavalry two or three miles, when they made a stubborn 
stand, using their artillery to good effect. On Saturday and Sunday but 
little was done, the enemy being driven to within five miles of Mui'frees- 
boro". On Monday and Tuesday there was some heavy fighting, but no 
important advantage on either side. On Wednesday morning, Decem- 
ber 31 St, General Johnson allowed his Division to be surprised, causing 
the whole right of our army to fall back. .Just at the time the enemy 
attacked our right all the artillery horses of Johnson's Division were at 
the creek, a half mile or mile in the rear, watering, and his infantry 
leisurely eating their breakfasts. His Division was completely routed, 
the men abandoning their arms and retreating like cowards, and these 
men too, of General McCook's former Division— men who under other 
Generals had fought bravely at Shiloh and other battles. General Sill, 
who formerly commanded this Division, now commanding a Brigade in 
it, fell on this morning mortally wounded, whilst trying to rally his men. 
'fhis General Johnson is the same who so gallantly surrendered his 
entire command to Morgan at Gallatin, Tenn., and who censured the 
Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry so severely for deserting him in the hour 
of his surrender. 



The Calls ix 1862. 2-37 



Five batteries of artillery, fully thirty guns, with caissons and all 
aramunition, belonging- to his Division, were taken by the enemy on the 
ol^^t of December, the horses away to water, and the guns not even 
unlimbered. 

On this day and the following our prospects seemed indeed gloomy, 
but on Friday afternoon, January 2d, the cloud hanging over us was 
torn awa}' and success again gladdened our hearts. For two hovirs 
before dark on Friday evening, after a vei-y quiet day, the most terrific 
fighting occurred. The roar of the artillery and musketry was terrible, 
the shells shrieking and pufling through the air, and musket balls whist- 
ling in all directions. 

This night the enemy was driven two miles. Saturday was a quiet 
day. Saturday night the enemy made his last attack upon our lines, 
which were now pressing him on every side, but defeated again, he gave 
up the attempt. That night the rebels evacuated Murfreesboro'. On 
Sunday morning General Thomas took his corps to reconnoitre the ene- 
my's ground, it being supposed that there might be a trap set for Gene- 
ral Rosecrans, but the enemy had actually evacuated. On Monday 
morning the army crossed Stone Kiver, entering Murfreesboro' in several 
ditferent columns, prepared to form line of battle at any moment. The 
First Cavalry Division, under General Stanley, took the Manchester pike, 
and encountered a portion of the enemy three miles from Murfreesboro', 
drove them three miles further, when night corning on, they were left, 
ami where I understand the pickets of the enemy are now posted. 

The Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, during all the engagements, be- 
haved well. The conduct of the officers and men during the ten days' 
fighting has added to the good reputation which the regiment previously 
enjoyed. Major John E. Wynkoop was, and is still in command of the 
regiment. While under his command, I know that the State can always 
be proud of the conduct of the regiment. On all occasions during the 
late struggle our regiment has been posted in the front, the position of 
honor and danger. On Thursday, January 1st, the rebels captured and 
burnt the entire train of the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, with aH 
camp and garrison equipage, regimental and company books, papers, 
etc., and all officers' baggage. Nothing was saved but what each officer 
happened to have upon his own person. This happened ten or twelve 

miles in the rear near the town cf Lavergne. 

■5$- * -;v -;t vf •;<- * •;;- 

It is with real sorrow that tlie friends of Lieutenant William Bartholo- 
mew will hear that he fell on the field of battle severely v»^ounded. 
Wliile bravely doing his duty he received a ritie ball in the side, the 
ball entering one side and passing out the other. To both editors of the 
SIiNERs' Journal he was well known; under the Junior he commenced 
his military career as a private in the Twenty-fifth Regiment, P. Y. 
The Sixteenth Regulars, or rather the battalion to which Lieutenant Bar- 
tholomew belonged, sntfered terribly, especially in officers. I know 
Lieutenant Bartholomew will have the best wishes of all who know Lim, 
for his recovery. 

The whole loss of the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, in killed, 
wounded and missing, between December 2Gth, lSt»2, and January 5th, 
1863, was sixty-one. I give the loss from Schuylkill County as far as I 
know it : 



20* 



238 The Calls in 1862. 



Killed. 
James Gillespie, Company A. Henry Fry, C ompany I. 

Wounded, 

William Madrlen, Company A, Samuel Bramer, Company L 

Micbacl Gildea, Company F. John Partridge, " * " 

Pn'sofiers and 3!issin(;. 

John T. Ilazzard, Company L. Thomas Jones, Company F. 

Corpoi'al Carle, Company A. John Wightman, " " 

Joseph Shaw, '- " John Fitzgerald, " " 

Emanuel Kahlis, Company A. Samuel Trump, " '' 

John Koch, '* " Cornelius Link, Company E. 

Sergeant William Zehuer, Co. F, Sergeant David Lewis, Company L 
Abraham Uerger, '• AbrahiTtii Hummel, " ' '• 

Josiah H. Anderson, " William Montgomery, " " 

IMr. John T. Hazzai-d i.s well known to all the citizens of Pottsville. 
He, when la-^t seen, Avas in the hands of llie enemy, driving a six-mule 
team, mounted on one of the mules, 

^■■r ".■ -5^ -^ •?:- -;^ ^^ 4^ 

There are but six regiments and one battery of artillery from Penn- 
sylvania in the Western Army, and no troops from any State /urther 
east than Pennsylvania. 

Our troops here are the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry. Colo- 
nel Stambaugli : Seventy-eighth, Colonel Sirwell. and . Seventy-ninth, 
Colonel Hambright; the Seventh Pennsylvania ('avalry, Colonel Wyn- 
3:oop ; Nintli Pennsylvania Cavalry, foruierly Colonel Williams, now 
Colonel James, (who in the three months' service was Captain of the 
City Troop of Philadelphia.) the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry (the 
Anderson Troop,) and the Twenty-sixth Pennsylvania Battery. 

General llosecrans is a man of truly wonderful energy and persever- 
ance. Da}- and night he was upon the field personally examining the 
position of liis troops. Colonel Garesche, his chief-of-staff, was killed 
upon the field by his side, being struck directly on the head by a shell. 
It is somewhat remarkable that, on neither of the two Sundays during 
ilie struggle was tJiere any fighting. Picport sayss General llosecrans is 
somewhat superstitious upon this subject; unwilling to fight on Sunday 
unless compelled (o do so. General Bosecraus is a Roman Catholic, as 
was also Colonel Garesche, and has his priest traveling with him always. 
Colonel Garesche is said to bare been the most religious officer in our 
army. H. S. T. 



WHAT WAS DONE IN 1863. 



In March, 18G3, in a fierce cavalry fight at Kelley's Ford, the 
rebels under Lee, were handsomely ^yhipped. Lieutenant E. H, 
Leib,of Pottsville, of the Fifth United States Cavalry, participated 
in the engagement, and subsequently wrote us the following ac- 
count of it : 

Camp keak Falmouth, Murcli 20, 18GS. 

I suppose you have heard of the cavalry, and of the success of the 
last trip we were on over the Rappahannock. We crossed at Kelley's 
Ford; had quite a fight with the rebels, and have taught them one 
thing, that we can whip them in a fair stand-up fight. We left camp 
for our trip on the IGth, and arrived at Morrisville at dusk. There we 
camped over night, and at two in the morning we started for Kelley's 
Ford, and there met the enemy. AVe had quite a tinje in crossing, but 
we were determined to cross, and we did. 1 am sorry, however, to state 
that we lost some good men while effecting the passage. We took about 
twenty-five prisoners and killed several of the rebels. We then, after 
getting the artillery over safely, moved on the road for Culpepper Court 
House; but we had not gone far before our cavalry came upon General 
Lee's brigade with himself at its head. They made a charge, but our 
men met them splendidly and drove them back. But they were not satis- 
fied, and soon came over on our right flank. I must here state they 
made a grand mistake. The Fifth and First Cavalry were there, and 
your humble little friend had the honor of commanding the Fifth on tlie 
occasion. I was ordered to charge, which 1 did, leading tlie gallant 
regiment. We drove tlieu), and 1 suppose they will admit tliat they were 
never driven so before. We kept it up until they got out of sight, and 
we were ordered back by the General, or ratlier Captain Reno, who com- 
manded the brigade. Captain Baker had command of the First Cavalrj'. 
1 was then ordered to move up in line of battle with the regiment, which 
I did through the thick woods and marshy ground, into a clearing. It 
was hot work to get there, but we made them leave, and obeyed our 
orders to <lrive them. As soon as we arrived about two hundred yard* 
in the opening, they opened one whole battery on my command. It wag 
rather a hot place, but the men stood it like 8])artans, and held their 
ground until ordered to fall back, which was done in splendid style. 
We again foiled the enemy under the hottest fire I ever saw. The men 
were a little confused, but did not break or straggle. When the enemy 
saw our line moving back, their cavalry made a charge down the road. 
We could see that they meant to do some tall charging, but we moved 
up to meet them with drawn saber, and they turned and fled. They do 
not like our cold steel. They here broke and ran up to their entrcuch- 
raents, scattering in every direction. It was the finest little fight I ever 
saw, and the old Fifth had the work to do. The regiment had the ad- 
vance after crossing the ford on the other side, and in conjunction with 
the First United States Cavalry, had the rear guard in crossing the ford. 
On this side of the river 1 had the rear guard back to Morrisyille. 1 



240 What AYas Done in 1863. 



would not have missed the fight for a great deal, and hope soon to again 
show tlie country that we can whip the rebel cavalry every day in the 
week. The army is now in fine spirits, and our cavalry fight is all the 
talk in camp. The cavalry are for the present the tigers of this army, 
and hope soon again to meet the rebel cavalry. Yours, E. H. L. 



THE SECOND BATTLE OF FREDERICKSBURG. 

After nearly a week of fighting on the Rappahannock, General 
Jlooker recrosscd on the night of May 5, 1863. The principal 
fighting was at Fredericksburg, in which the Ninety-sixth Regi- 
ment participated, and at Chancellorsville, where the One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-ninth Regiment was engaged. 

THE PART THE NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT TOOK IN THE BAT- 
TLE, AND LIST OF CASUALTIES. 

To a member of the regiment we are indebted for the fuliowino- 
graphic description of the part the regiment took in the battle : 

''Lacy House," OrrosiTE Fuedericksburg, Va., ") 

May 13, 18G3. j 

In ni}' last coninmnication I predicted an early crossing of the Rappa- 
hannock V>y our forces — but at the time I must confess that I was not 
iu the least apprehensive of our recrossing. The complete success with 
which we effected a crossing you have been informed of. The blunt of 
the campaign seems to have fallen to the Sixth Corps, and I am proud 
to say they performed their whole duty upon all occasions. The terri- 
ble and fearful odds Avith which we were obliged to contend, and the 
wholesale destruction dealt out to them attests in words of high ;praise 
to the indomitable valor and energy of our tired troops. The corps 
fought like tigers. The Confederate army are willing to admit that "we 
fought superior to any other time." 

After the crossing of the men at the same point crossed in December, 
the First Division of the Sixth Corps Avere draAvn up in line of battle, 
the Second Brigade being on the extreme left, and had anything but a 
pleasant position to occupy. The rebel battery, located so as to control 
the railroad and the depot of supplies, proved a formidable opponent. 
The accuracy with which our batteries were used silenced that of the 
enemy upon several occasions during the day. At this point the Ninety- 
sixth was ordered to take the railroad, with the promise of support by 
the Fifth Maine. The Ninety-sixth reached the road in most splendid 
style, but without any support — hence were ordered to fall back. Dur- 
ing this operation we had several men killed and quite a large number 
wounded. Had tlie regiment received its proper support we would have 
charged upon the battery and no doubt captured it. 

During the progress of active operations on the left by the First 
Division, the Second and Third Divisions were pressing forward 
to occupy the city of Fredericksburg and drive the enemy from the 
memorable "Marye's Heights." The Heights were gained in fine style. 



What "Was Done in 1863. 241 



being carried at the point of the bayonet. At the storming of the 
Heights our artillery tiring was the most accurate I ever witnessed ; 
every shell exploded within the fortifications. I saw two caissons explode, 
several limbers broken, and the crack company of Washington Artiller- 
ists of New Orleans put hors do covihat. After we possessed the Heights, 
several of the officers visited the hills and found that our artillery had 
created sad havoc. Fifteen horses were killed within a space of fifty 
yards. Quite a large number of dead were strewn over various parts of 
the entrenchments. At this point we captured a full battery of brass 
Napoleons, which were hauled from the hill by hand. 

Immediately after gaining the Heights, we received orders to occupy 
the town and use the houses for hospital purposes. The First Division 
took possession of the large mansion owned by Mr. Slaughter, brother 
of the Mayor. The building is very commodious, and owing to the very 
free ventilation caused by the shelling of the town, was most admirably 
adapted for the purpose. 

I shall not attempt to describe the complete manner in which the 
houses have been perforated by our shot and shell. I can only regret 
in common with the men of the army that the city has not been burned 
to the ground long ere this. There certainly are some most desirable 
residences here, magnificent gardens and splendid fields. 

In the effort of the Sixtli Corps to effect a junction with the left wing 
of General Hooker's army, as ordered, the most terrible conflict of the 
war ensued. The enemy hearing of only one corps being in the vicinity 
of Fredericksburg, and ordered to join Hooker, exerted all their available 
force to prevent this junction. In order to prevent General Sedgwick 
from fulfilling his command, the enemy despatched about forty thousand 
of their best troops to oppose him. The condition of things at this mo- 
ment was most critical. General Sedgwick having full confidence in his 
command and knowing exactly what he could do, awaited their attack. 
The First Division was ordered to the front, drawn up in line of battle 
in support of our artillery. The enemy were massed in the thick woods, 
four lines of battle deep. Against these fearful odds it seemed almost 
like a sacrifice to oppose them. However, our troops were so flushed with 
the victory of storming and capturing the Heights, that they feared no 
danger, and were buoyant with hope and confident of success. Without 
shelling the woods, or taking any precautionary steps, our troops were 
marched into the thicket. 

It was soon evident that we had stirred up a "bee-hive," for a perfect 
swarm rose up and fired into our lines. The men halted, and taking 
deliberate aim deciminated the ranks very effectually of the advancing 
foe. The fire opened upon all sides and the battle raged with the most 
intense fury. The contest was likely to be one of hand to hand, when 
seeing that we were completely outnumbered we were ordered to retire 
across the open field and await their advance. This was done but 
no "butternuts" followed. The fire of musketry at this point exceeded 
anything I ever heard ; it was one perfect continuous shower of lead — ■ 
miniature messengers of death that made the air musical with fear. It 
was here that the gallant Ninety-sixth performed prodigies of valor. 
The manner of their charge, the determined manner in which they 
unflinchingly braved the storm of iron and lead, elicited from the 
commanding General encomiums of the highest praise. Too much can- 
not be said in behalf of the conduct of all the officers of the regiment. 
The daring and intrepid dash of Major Lessig was commended in terms 
of the most exalted praise. By the way, I had the pleasure of reading a 



242 What Was Done in 1863. 



copy of the letter haiuled the Major by General Bartolett, approved by 
Generals Brooks and Sedgwick, in which they compliment him in the 
most eloquent style for his unexampled gallantry and daring, recom- 
mending that he be commissioned as Colonel of the regiment for his gal- 
lantry. 

The Major speaks with feelings of pride about the manner in which 
the line officers conducted themselves, and of the very valuable aid they 
gave him in urging tlie men to do tlieir whole duty. Let me assure the 
friends of the Ninety-sixth that hor record is a most glorious one. 
General Bartolett says, '-lie believes it to be one of the best if not the 
best fight! 7} g regiment representing the Keystone Steite.'" 

In this connection let me add that it is a source of extreme gratifica- 
tion to inform you of tiie recent fact of "merit receiving its reward." 
Lieutenant S. R. Russell, of Company C, has been commissioned as Cap- 
tain of Company H. I am very happy to'be able to chronicle this fact, 
as tlie Lieutenant is in every way deserving, and is a brave and gallant 
ufficpr. 

The wounded of our division is very heavy, reaching about fifteen 
hundred, the Second Brigade having 087 killed, wounded, and missing, 
^Lany of the wounds are slight. Quite a lai'ge number of amputations 
have been performed. 

On Tliursdiiy last. Doctor Bland took 460 wounded to Washington, on 
board the boats " Flero" and " Hugh Jenkins." Among them were nen,rly 
all the officers of the division Avho were wounded. They arrived at the 
wharf at daylight and by noon were all snugly fixed in the respective 
hospitals. At latest accounts they were all doing very well. 

Surgeon Bland is detailed in charge of the wounded of the Sixth Corps 
who are being exchanged at the "Lacy House." The wounded are 
))rought to the river m Confed'-wagons, and there brought over the 
river in pontoon-boats, loaded in ambulances, and sent to the corps hos- 
jiital at Potomac Creek Bridge. Hereafter the Doctor will be surgeon- 
in-cliief of the division hospital. 

Yesterday a deserter came into our lines, who reports the death of 
Stonev/all Jackson from his late wounds received in the recent battles. 
Fredericksburg is garrisoned by a Mississippi brigade under the com- 
mand of General Barksdale, formerly Congressman from that State. 
The brigade bands are kept constantly employed playing the funeral 
dira:e. manv of the wounded having died. An rcvoir. 

"AMICUS CUR^." 

THE CASUALTIES OF THE REGIMENT. 
William Lessig, at the time Major commanding the regiment, 
sent us the following list of casualties: 

Company A, Captain J. Harlan, Jr. 
Wounded. 

Sergeant Thomas Brown, "William Daniels, 

" Thomas Houck, John Stodd, 

Corporal John H. Higley, Edward Lennon. 

Hissing. 

Sergeant David Brichard, William Brown. 

George Brazier, 



What Was Done in 1863. 243 

CoMrANY B, Lieutenant VonIIollan. 
Killed^ 
Joseph Fessler. 
Wounded. 
Lieutenant VonHollan, Charles Williams, 

Sergeant H. P. Barr, Charles Sterner. 

Jer, Sterner, 

Missing. 
Jacob Bast, James Kesey, ' 

Joseph Eich, Joseph Morcheiser. 

Lewis Kotchey, 

Company C, Captain L E, Severn. 
Killed. 
Corporal William Madara. 
Wounded. 
Second Lieut. Alex. Allison, John Davis, 

Sergeant AVilliam Freast, Henry Stubblebino, 

Corporal D. E. Kir~hell, Martin Spence. 

Missing. 
First Sergeant Henry Fisher, Corporal John Allison. 

Company D, Captain John T. Boyle. 

Killed. 

Corporal James Schofield. 

Wounded. 

Corporal Charles Newton, Edmond Davis, 

Luke Kelly, Walter Thomas, 

John Black, John L. Williamsi, 

Company E, Captain James Rtssel. 

Killed. 
Sergeant Evan Thomas. 

Wotmdfd. 
First Lieut. John Oberrender, Peter Smith, 

Daniel McCall, Mark Whitehead. 

Jacob Smith, 

Missing, 
John Miller. 

Company F, First Lieutenant James Casey. 

Killed. 
Michael Connery, Thomas Pur cell. 

Wounded. 
James H. Hayes, Hugh Keenan, 

Hugh Glaokiu, John O'Donnell. 

Company G, Captain Jacob W. Haas. 

Wounded. 
First Sergeant Fi*ank Douden, John S. Rcntz, 

Corporal Lafayette Billig, Lewis Fritz, 

John Schollenberger, John Pcrkey. 

Edwin Moyer, 



244 



What Was Done in 1863. 



CojirANY H, Captain Samuel R. Russel. 
Killed. 



Corporal D. B. Hartline, 
Martin Kelly, 
Peter Fries, 

Sergeant Jacob Brubaker. 
Corporal John Keely, 

" C. Knlb, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Michael McCormick, 

Morris Chancey, 
Charles Haely, 
A. Long, 



Wounded. 



Missint/. 



William Kloss, 
Joseph T. Holderman, 
John Coffield. 

Henry H. Lutz, 
Oliver J. Zeigler, 
H. J. Eveland, 
Napoleon Bickelman, 
James Brassington. 

William Long, 
J. R. Smith, 
John G. Weldon. 



Company I, Captain Matthew Byrnes. 
Killed. 
Sergeant Michael Mackey. 
Wounded. 
First Sergeant John Bowler, Walter Kenney, 

Lawrence McGrath, Boyd S. Campbell, 

James Conler, Thomas Scanlin. 

Missinf/. 
Joseph S. Harvey. 

Company K, Captain R. Budd. 

Killed. 
John Farrcll. 

Wounded. 

Thomas Moov, 
Barney Griifen. 
Missing. 
John Brennan, John Hassett. 



Corporal Brennan, 
Thomas Martin, 



Wounded, 

Killed, 
Wounded, 
Missing, - 

Total, 



recapitulation. 

Officers. 

Men. 



16 
54 
29 

93 



THE PART TAKEN BY THE ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-NINTH 
REGIMENT IN THE BATTLE, AND LIST OF CASUALTIES. 

The foUowino; account we received from a member of Com- 

pany E : 

Camp near Falmouth, Va., May 7, 1803. 
Editors Miners' .Journal: Your readers may perhaps feel an inter- 
est in hearing some account of the part the One Hundred and Twenty- 
ninth Regiment, P. V., took in the late great battle. We left camp on 



What Was Done m 1863. 245 



?tIonday, April 27tb, and marched to Kelley's Ford, about twenty miles 
above here, where we crossed the Rappahannock on a pontoon bridge. 
From here we made a rapid march to the Rapidan, Avhich river wc 
forded, and proceeded, with scarcely a halt, until on Friday, May ]0, 
we encountered the "gray-backs" at Chancellorsville. This was one of 
the hardest marches this Regiment ever has made, we being on foot, at 
one time, for forty consecutive hours; but regardless alike of burning 
suns and drenching rains, the boys pressed on, and "straggling" was a, 
thing unthought of— for where Colonels Frick and Armstrong, and Gene- 
ral Tyler lead, the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth will follow. 

Arrived at Chancellorsville, our Corps was ordered out a road leading 
towards Fredericksburg, to feel the rebs. We proceeded about three 
miles, made the reconnoissance, drew out the rebs, and returned in 
safety to Chancellorsville, where we lay behind the batteries, while the 
First Division (Sykes's), of our Corps, opened the ball, by engaging the 
force which we had drawn out, and handling them severely. Our divi- 
sion, the third of the Fifth Corps, was now assigned a position on the 
extreme left of the line, upon a hill covered with timber, where we were 
to support a Massachusetts battery. We proceeded to cut the trees and 
throw up breastworks, and were just congratulating ourselves upon the 
fine position we had, wlien early on Sunday morning our corps was 
ordered to the centre, to take the place of the Eleventh, which had ske- 
daddled, it was said at the first fire. We were "double-quicked" a cou- 
ple of miles toward the right, and then our brigade (Tyler's) was ordered 
into a wood, in front of a battery of brass pieces, to draw out the rebs. 
W^e "double-quicked" some half mile, down a road, and then filed into 
the wood, to the left of the road. We had not proceeded far through 
the wood, before we encountered the "gray-backs" drawn up in line to 
receive us. We opened fire on them, and for some three hours, I sup- 
pose, we gave them as warm a time as they had ever had. Three differ- 
ent times they charged on us, and each time they were driven back with 
great slaughter. I am proud to say that the boys behaved with the 
coolness of veterans — firing by company, by wing and by volley, as the 
Colonel gave the comvnands. The Colonel took his position on (he lett 
of our Company, directly by the colors, and his cool bravery inspired the 
whole command. It made the boys "feel good," as they expressed it, 
to see him occasionally take a rifle and try his hand. Adjutant Green 
at length came dov^'n from his position on the right, and told the Colonel 
that the rebels had outflanked us on the right, and that the right of the 
line was falling back. (Our position was on the extreme left of the bri- 
gade.) Colonel Frick replied that he had no orders to fall back, and 
that he would hold his ground; but, looking up, and seeing that the 
whole line was in retreat, that we were far outflanked, and must be cu4, 
off, he found it a necessity to retire, and accordingly gave orders to that 
effect. We had some hard hand-to-hand fighting in the woods for our 
colors, the rebs making a desperate efl"ort to capture them. But the 
boys defended them bravely, and brought them out, together with some 
of their would-be captors. Lieut. -Colonel .Armstrong came near being 
taken. Re was surrounded by about tweil^ " gray-backs," ordered to 
surrender, and even laid hold on, but he broke away and ran, and 
although his pursuers poured a volley after him, he made his escape. 
We drew the rebs out into the open field, where the brass battery 1 h&yo 
spoken of, opened on them with grape and canister, and made awful 
havoc. The rebs skedaddled back to the woods, where the battery 
finished the work with shell, while our regiment reformed behind the 

21 



246 What Was Done in 1863. 



breastworks. We were soon ordered about half a mile further to the 
left, to support Sykes's Division in the trenches. Here we remained 
until Wednesday morning, about 2 o'clock, when Sedgwick having been 
overwhelmed and driven back from Fredericksburg, the army began to 
fallback. We recrossed the Rappahannock at United States Ford, our 
division supporting the batteries Avhich covered the crossing of our corps, 
and made directly for our old camp, where we arrived about G o'clock 
the same evening, after a hard march of about fifteen miles, over roads 
which my feeble pen cannot describe, and through a drenching rain. 
Sunday was a very hot day, and when the boys "double-quicked" it 
into the fight, they threw away their shelter-tents, blankets, and over- 
coats; and, as the weather has been wet and raw since, they have been 
pretty badly situated. Our loss in killed and wounded is ''42. Major 
Anthony was badly wounded in the shoulder. He has the sympathy of 
the whole regiment, for he has always sho^n himself a gentleman and a 
brave and gallant soldier. 

COLONEL FRICK'S OFFICIAL REPORT. 

Headquarters One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Reg., P. V., I 
Camp near Falmouth, Va., May 8, 1803. J 

Captain : I have the honor to report in compliance with Special Or- 
ders, No. 77, issued from Brigade Headquarters, of May 7, 1863, that 
my command, the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, P. Y., with 
the other regiments of the brigade, was ordered to the support of the 
Third Corps about 5 o'clock, A. M., Sunday, May 3, At U o'clock, A. 
M., the brigade at a "double-quick" entered the works in front of our 
batteries and rifle-pits in the centime, at Chancellorsville, Ya,, left in 
front, which threw my regiment in the advance. Line of battle was 
formed under a severe and damaging tire, about fifty yards in advance 
of the Twenty-eighth New Jersey, attached to the division of General 
French, and in an undergrowth that, from its density, made the move- 
ment peculiarly difficult. In the engagement, that lasted until 11 
o'clock, A. M., officers and men behaved with the same coolness and 
gallantry that characterized their conduct in other fields since they have 
been in the service of their country. The fire v/'as delivered with steadi- 
ness and precision. Not hearing the order to retire, the regiment 
remained in line after the regiments upon its right had given way. See- 
ing that there Avas imminent danger of being cut off by a large force of 
the enemy m.oving upon our right flank, the regiment under my orders 
faced by the rear rank, retiring in good order under a heavy fire and 
reformed in the rear of the batteries. While retii-ing a severe struggle 
took place for the regimental coloi'S. The bearers. Sergeants Boner, 
Company E, and Miller of Company F, clung to them as manfully, how- 
ever, as they had borne them during the fight. One of the rebels who 
had seized them was killed, another captured, and the rest driven back. 
The rebels advanced in force to the edge of the woods, and so closely 
upon the flank of the regiment, that the retreat of some upon its right 
was intercepted by their advancing ranks, and they escaped capture by 
the confusion into which the rebels were thrown from the active fire of 
the batteries. 

To Lieut.-Colonel Armstrong, Major Anthony, who I regret to say 
was seriously wounded, and Adjutant Green, I must again tender my 
thanks for valuable assistance in the field. They performed their seve- 
ral duties with the utmost coolness and determination, evincing a steadi- 
ness of purpose worthy of emulation. 



What Was Done in 1863. 



247 



The regiment sustained a loss of four killed, thirty-one wounded, and 
six missing, enlisted men, and one officer, Major Anthony, seriously 
wounded. I am, Captain, verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JACOB G. FRICK, 
Colonel One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Penn. Volunteers. 
To 11. C. Ranney, A. A. G., Tyler's Brigade, Third Division, Fifth 
Corps. 

Killed. 

John R. Jones, Company 0. 
David Zimmerman, " E. 



-James Brennan, Company A 
Thomas Probert, " " B 

John Holman, '' E 



Major Anthony. 
Sergt. Chas. F. Falls, Company 

Corporal Elias Miller, '• 

John Alexander, " 

liyron A. Jenkins, '• 

Winsome B. Robins, " 

, Jacob Youse, " 

\"\Yilliam Sponsler, " 

"William Schopp, " 

Corporal Wm. F. Glime, " 

George Watkins, " 
William McElrath, 

William D. Guertler, " 

Thomas Davis, " 

Charles Luckenbach, " 

Arthur Davis, " 

William Tomer, " 



Wounded. 

George Oberly, 
A. Corpi Wm. H. Haldeman, " 
A. James Oswald, 
A. Joseph Houser, 
A. George Walker, 
A. Alexander Miller, 
A. George Bond, 
A. Theodore Labar, 

A. Corporal Cliarles Eck, 

B. Isaac Netf, 
B. Faussold Ford, 
B. James Martin, 
B. Jacob Curry, 

B. Joseph Kalp, 

C. John J. Hausickes^", 

D. Martin Kichline, 
D. 



-AYilliam Spansler, 
Richard Jones, 



Missing, 
Company A. Joseph Donegan, 
" B. Samuel Ash, 



Company 


D 


lan, " 


E. 


7 


E. 




E. 




E. 




E. 




E. 




F. 




H. 




H. 




H. 




H. 




I. 




I. 




I. 




K. 


Company E. 
H. 



Corp. Frederick Weldon, 



C. Reuben Fluck, 



C. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Officers wounded, 

Privates killed, - - . 

" wounded, 

" missing, _ - _ 



32 
6 



Total, -._.-- 44 

Very respectfully, JACOB G. FRICK, 

Colonel One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Reg., P. V 
Captain 11. C. Ranney, A. A. G. 



ACCOUNT OF THE PART TAKEN BY THE NINETY-SIXTH REGI- 
MENT, P. v., IN THE BATTLE UNDER GEN. HOOKER. 
The following statement was furnished by Major William Les- 
sig to a friend; who kindly gave us a copy, for use in the '^Memo- 
rial :" 

We left camp at about 2 o'clock, P. M., on Tuesday, the 28th day of 
April. It was raining, and a day calculated to make everybody uncom- 
fortable. We made for the river at nearly the same place that we crossed 



248 What Was Done in 1863. 



over in December last. It was near dark wlien we came to the river, as 
we moved very slowly. We expected to go into camp for the night ; the 
rain had ceased falling, and it became very foggy, just the night for 
making a dash. I was expecting an order to go into camp, and let the 
men make themselves comfortable, when an aid of General Brooks came 
to mc and said the General wished to see me. I mounted my horse, and 
went, V/hen I came up to the General, I found him under a tree with 
General Bartlett and all the commanders of regiments in our Brigade. 
He soon explained his plans to us. The Third Brigade and our Brigade, 
the Second, of the First Division, Sixth Army Corps, were ordered to 
cross first; the other Divisions of our Corps were to convey the boats 
down to the river, when we were to get in them, forty-five men in each 
boat, with live men to pull the oars. Our orders were to take possession 
of the rille-pits which commanded the river, and hold them until the 
bridges could be built. We were ordered-to be ready to move at 11 
o'clock; the watchword was Troy, and we were to shoot the first of our 
men who made any noise, or sabre them if possible. I returned to mj 
llegiment and gave the orders to my ofiicers. We then all laid down on 
the cold and wet ground to sleep. You, perhaps, would suppose we did 
not sleep ; but we did, and soundly, too, for a soldier always takes his 
rest when he can get it. 

It was nearly 12 o'clock before we started, and when we reached the 
river vre found ibat the boats were not yet all down. It takes labor to 
carry by hand a boat, large enough to carry fifty men, a distance of a 
mile and a half, and that, too, down steep hills in the dark. It was get- 
ting gray dawn before we were ready. The first boats were full, and we 
were standing on the bank ready to take our turn, when the word is 
given to push off, and away they go. All is quiet, save the measured 
dip of the oars in the water; they arrive near the other side, when sud- 
denly comes the bright blaze, then the whistling of balls and the crash 
of musketry to our ears, mingled with the groans of the wounded; but 
we old soldiers are ready, and so accustomed have we become to it, that 
wg fall down flat, and the balls pass harmlessly over us. The first boats 
then return; we are in them and over on the other side quicker than I 
can tell it to you. We quickly form line of battle, and in a few moments 
we have possession of the ritie-pits in our front, and we lay down in 
them. Our engineers build their bridges then in safety in a short time; 
«ooa a battei'y came over. The rebs were to be seen in our front, but 
showed no disposition to molest us. Thus we spent the whole day. At 
dark we commenced and threw up a line of works along our front, 
expecting to be attacked by the enemy, but were disappointed. Thurs- 
day passed away, and still no fighting. Friday came. We still held 
our position, our Division being the only one across at this point. The 
other Divisions of our Corps were by no means idle. They were paraded 
up and down the heights on the other side of the river, to make the 
enemy believe that we had a large body of troops with us, when, in 
reality, it was only our Corps. 

On Saturday evening, at about o o'clock, it became evident that a bat- 
tle could not be longer delayed. Our Corps had received orders from 
General Hooker to push forward. The troops were accordingly brought 
over. The Light Division of our Corps was sent to the front, and drove 
in the enemy's line of skirmishers. We were ordered to be under arma 
at 1 o'clock at night. This was Saturday, INIay 2. The night before 
our men had had no sleep, and now to be under arms at 1 o'clock was 
hard on us. But we were ready ml the time ordered, and marched t» 



WnAT Was Done in 1863. 249 



the front. It was a bright moonlight night. Here we were halted, and 
waiting for some time, so that almost all of us fell asleep. At about 4^ 
o'clock we moved up and took position in line of battle. In one hour 
the enemy opened a heavy fire on us of shot and shell, but did us very 
little harm, as we were sheltered by a friendly bank. At 7 o'clock I 
was ordered to advance with my Regiment, and take possession of a rail- 
road, about 700 yards in our front, and also to endeavor to draw the 
enemy out if possible. It was a dangerous undertaking, and after riding 
out and looking at the ground, I dismounted, and ordered the Regiment 
to advance. To accomplish this, we had to drive in the enemy's line of 
skirmishers and sharpshooters. I ordered the men to unsling knapsacks, 
fix bayonets, and advance at a double-quick. With a cheer (for which 
the old Regiment is famous) we went on. The rebs opened a heavy fire 
of grape, cannister, musketry and sliell on my gallant band, but not- 
withstanding we drove them back and succeeded in taking possession of 
the railroad, and held it some two hours under a terrible tire of artillery 
and musketry. Twelve pieces of cannon were playing on us the whole 
time, and they made several eiForts to retake it from us, but in vain. 
After holding it two hours, I was ordered to retire with my command, a 
thing not so easily done in the face of an enemy with his artillery in full 
play at us ; but I succeeded in getting my men out b}^ twos and threes, 
until I was the last man to leave it. How I escaped I cannot say, for 
the enemy's sharpshooters kept popping away at me all the time. When 
I came back, General Brooks said he thought that was the last of the 
Ninety-sixth, and congratulated me on the successful manner in which I 
retired with my command. My loss here was five men killed and eigh- 
teen wounded. 

After a rest of some time, we were ordered to march up to Fredericks- 
burg, and a hot march it was. I never felt the sun so hot in all my life. 
Up we went, and in the meantime our Corps had taken possession of the 
heights above the town. We were hurried throngli the town and out 
the plank road. The day was so hot that the men fell down, worn out 
with heat and fatigue. We Avent out about three miles, when we had a 
short rest. I was sent out on the left, with orders to watch a ravine to 
prevent the enemy from coming up it. I remained here about one hour, 
when I received an order to come out to the front as soon as I could. I 
did so, and came on the ground near Salem Church at 5 o'clock. Gene- 
ral Bartlett ordered me to push through the woods on the left of the 
One Hundred and Twenty-first New York. At this time the firing was 
very heavy on the right, and, as I advanced into the woods, I came on 
our skirmishers, who retired as we came up, I enquired of them what 
was ahead. They could not tell, except that the enemy was in the woods. 
In a few minutes I came in sight of their lines, and at once opened a 
heavy fire on them, at about 100 yards distant, and commenced to ad- 
vance my line. The firing became terrible, and as I passed down the 
line to the left of my Regiment, I saw the line on the right give way 
and fall back. I rushed to the right of my Regiment, and found that 
the whole line on the right was falling back, and that we alone were 
holding our position. Finding that the whole Regiment must be taken 
if I did not at once fall back, I gave the orders to do so. At the edge of 
the woods we faced about and delivered our fire on the enemy as they 
advanced upon us, and then fell back. I was so close on them that they 
called on me to halt, but I could not see it in that light. To show how 
close a thing it was, my hat fell off; when I stopped to pick it up, a 
rausket ball passed so close to my head that it stung me like the sting of 

21* 



250 What Was Done in 1863. 



a bee. It fell oiT again, and one of ray men stooped to pick it up, "when 
lie fell dead: another picked it up, when he wad wounded in the head. 
Some of my best soldiers fell in this tight. 

A picture of a battle cannot be painted ; no one can form any idea of 
\i at a distance; all is smoke, dust and noise. 

When I came to the edge of the woods General l?artlett and one of his 
aids rode up and ordered me to retire with my men to a place of cover. 
I took possession of a small house with some fifty of my men, and taking 
the feather beds and mattrasses off of the beds, we made a perfect fort 
of it, and from the windows we soon compelled the enemy to fall back, 
and night found us in possession of the hovise and part of the battle- 
iield, and niy gallant little baud holding tlic advanced post. 

We could rescue some of our wounded, but a great many were in the 
)iands of the enemy. To add to the horrors of the night the woods took 
lire and continued to burn for some timcj- At about 10 o'clock I was 
relieved and then fell back to where our Brigade was laying. General 
Bartlett invited me to supper with him. Our supper consisted of hard 
Jack and coifeo, and it was the first thing I hajl tasted since 4 o'clock in 
tlie morning. I was completely worn out, so I laid down on the ground 
and was soon asleep. At 3 o'clock I v/as awakened and told to draw 
ammunition for my command and have .them under arms by daylight. 
You see a poor soldier has very little rest. At 4 o'clock we were under 
arms, and took position to support a battery. At 7 o'clock we found out 
the enemy were between us and Fredeiicksbuig. This caused us to 
change our position, so as to front them in the new direction. Our posi- 
tion was extremely critical. We were nearly surrounded by the enemy, 
who were strongly reinforced, and at about 4^ o'clock commenced a furi- 
ous attack on our whole line. We repulsed them and drove them back 
witli great loss. At dark we received orders to fall back towards Banks' 
Ford, the enemy making an unsuccessful attempt to cut off our retreat. 
My llegiment was ordered to remain and support our skirmishers while 
our artillery and troops were retiring. At 10 o'clock we fell back to 
Banks' Ford, an<l were again the rearguard, holding the hills command- 
ing the Ford until all were over. We then crossed ourselves, and tired 
and worn out, we threw ourselves down about daylight to rest. This is 
the part we took in the battles of the 3d and 4th of May. 

The day we crossed became hot and sultry, and towaids afternoon the 
rain commenced to fall, and continued all Jiight. The next morning it 
was still raining. I was ordered to go to the Ford and relieve a Regi- 
ment there. I received this order from General Sedgwick in person. I 
was to try and take the pontoon bridge away, and if not, destroy it. 
Wo succeeded in removing it after hard labor. We were on duty here 
for two days, when we were relieved by some cavalry videttes to watch 
the fcrd, and ordered back to camp. We were the last of the Sixth 
Corps back and among the first to go out. The army is not demoralized, 
and will fight again just as well as ever. 



What Was Done in 1863. 251 

RETURN OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY- 
NINTH REGIMENT, P. V. 

The term of service of the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth 
(nine months) Regiment, Colonel Jacob G. Frick, having ex- 
pired, preparations were made in Schuylkill County to give the 
companies belonging to it a hearty welcome home on their return. 
A meeting was held at the hotel of Mr. Daniel Hill, on Monday 
evening, May 18, at which the following Committee of Arrange- 
ments vras appointed : 

Jerome K. Boyer, Daniel Schertle, Thomas Foster, Capt. Frank 
Pott, Michael Mortimer, Frederick Patterson, Hon. B. Keilly, M. 
H. Nichols, Charles Logue, William Milnes, Jr., Kobert F. ^Yea- 
ver, Charles A. Bosbysheil, and Captain D. A. Smith, 

The following Committee of Reception was also appointed: 

Colonel John Bannan, Captain C. Tower, Major James H. 
Campbell, George Repplier^ Charles W. Pitman, Myer Strousc, 
and H. Gressang. 

At a subsequent meeting the name of Myer Strouse was stricken 
from the Committee, and that of J. Wright, Esq., substituted. 
The following resolution adopted at the meeting, explains the rea- 
son for this action : 

Resolved, That we believe a man nnist be either for or agaiust hii« 
country; that we draw no distinction between the Government and the 
Administration, and that a man who differs with us in opinion in this 
matter has had his name unfortunately placed among those of loyal men. 
Your Committee think that injustice to them and the brave boys whom 
they were appointed to receive, that his name should be erased, and 
that of a loyal man substituted. 

fll. M. HODGKON. 
Committee-^ .TAMES GLENN. 

(CIIAS. ERAILEY. 

This action was approved by the Regiment. 

In the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth there were five Compa- 
nies from Schuylkill County— Captain William Wren, of Potts- 
ville ; Captain William W. Clemens, (late Captain George J. Law- 
rence,) of Minersville ; Captain PI J, Dever, of Port Carbon ; 
Captain E, J. Rehrer, of Tamaqua^ and Captain L. C. Leib; of 
Ashland. 

On Wednesday, May 20th, Captain E. J. Rehrer's Company 
stopped at Port Clinton, to go up the Little Schuylkill road to 



252 What Was Done in 1863. 

Tamaqiia, and Captain Cleiiiens's Company got out at Schuylkill 
Haven to go up the Mine Hill road to Minersville. The other 
three companies, numbering somewhat over a hundred men, 
reached Pottsvillc at 2 o'clock, P. M. They were received with 
the firing of cannon ; strains of national music by the Pottsville 
and Port Carbon bands, and by the cheers of a dense multitude 
assembled at the depot to witness their arrival, 

A procession was formed, and moved in the following order: 

Pottsville Cornet Band. 

Citizens in double file. 

Port Carbon Band. 

Colonel Frick, Adjutant Green, and Quartermaster Patterson^ 

mounted. 

One Hundred and Twenty ninth Regiment. 

Citizens mounted. 

Citizens in carriages. 

All places of business were closed, and the houses beautifully 
decorated with evergreens, flags bearing appropriate mottoes^ etc. 
At the Express office a flag bore the following motto : 
''Welcome Home, Gallant Soldiers of the 120tli.-' 
At the Miners^ Journal o^ae the following motto was on its flag : 

" Soldiers of the Republic, 

'• Brave Defenders of our Firesides, 

"Welcome, thrice Welcome to your Mountain Homes." 

Above the main entrance to the rooms of the Union League of 
Pottsville was the following: 

"The Union League Welcomes Home the Brave Defenders of our Country.'' 

The Town Hall was neatly decorated in front with red, white, 
and blue streamers. There were other places also prettily decorated. 

Thousands of persons lined Centre street, and as the brave boys 
of the One Hundred and Twenty ninth passed, cheer upon cheer 
went up amid the waving by the ladies, of myriads of handker- 
chiefs. It was a spirited demonstration, and we could perceive by 
the glistening of the men's eyes and their hearty response that the 
reception was some recompense for the toils and dangers through 
which they had passed. 



What Was Done in 1863. 258 

The procession pasi^ed over the following route, Captain D. A. 
Smith acting as chief-marshal, with Captain Frank Pott as an aid : 
Up Union street to Centre, up Centre to Minersville, counter- 
march down Centre to Market, and up Market to the market-house. 

At the market-house a bountiful collation had been prepared bj 
the ladies, of which the soldiers partook, w^aited upon by their 
patriotic countrywomen. 

After the collation, Lin Bartholomew, Esq., welcomed the men 
of the Ilegiment to their homes. He spoke of the engagements in 
which the Eegiment had so highly distinguished itself, and paid 
a touching tribute to the memory of their brave comrades whose 
blood had enriched the soil of Virginia. Mr. Bartholomew wag 
warmly applauded. 

Adjutant Green responded in a neat and feeling speech. He 
spoke modestly yet earnestly of the services in the camp, on the 
march and in the field, of the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth, 
and said that next to the satisfaction a soldier feels in faithfully 
discharging his duty, is the welcome he receives from his fellow- 
citizens on his return to his home. Lieutenant Green spoke of 
the harmony which had existed in the Begiment. It was a band 
of brothers. He spoke highly of the soldiers who were in the 
Regiment from Northampton County, and of the citizens of that 
section. The Lieutenant concluded by thanking the people of 
Pottsville, especially the ladies, for their handsome reception, and 
gaid that the men of the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth were 
ready again to shoulder the musket at the call of their country, to 
fight for the preservation of its liberties. 

Before separating cheers were given for gallant Joe Hooker — in 
"whom the soldiers had great confidence — and for the aood old flag. 

The reception was in every respect worthy the spirit and patriot- 
ism of our citizens, and was a day long to be remembered by all 
who participated. 

On the arrival of Company E at Tamaqua, they were formed 
into procession, headed by the Tamaqua Brass Band, the Chief 
Burgess and Town Council, and marched up Broad street, followed 
by members of the Hose Company, and citizens on foot and horse- 
back ; then countermarched to the front of Ludwig's hat store. 



254 What Was Done in 1863. 

where a collation was served up, after which they were welcomed 
by a speech delivered by Dr. W. W. McGuigan ; and then after 
parading other streets they were dismissed, and were taken in 
charge by their friends and relations who delighted to honor the 
brave. The streets were gaily decorated by flags, bearing appro- 
priate mottoes, and banners, and the houses were trimmed with 
spruce wreaths, flowers and plumes. Tamaqua had donned its 
holiday attire. The stores were closed and 'all work suspended^ 
and the streets were crowded, making them almost impassable. 

Company G experienced a welcome ecfjally enthusiastic on its arri- 
val in Ashland. Flags were flung to the breeze, business places 
closed, and the boys vociferously cheered as they passed through 
town. 

The One Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment when in service, 
was in the First Brigade, of the Third Division, Fifth Army 
Corps, commanded by Brigadier General Humphreys. In a fare- 
well order to the remaining six nine months' regiments of his 
command, the General said : 

-X- -X- -X- -X- * * 

"In the uiidst of the pressing duties of an active campaign there is 
but little time for leave taking, yet I cannot part from the brave officers 
and men of my command without expressing to them the satisfaction 
and pride I have felt at their conduct from the time when I assumed 
command as they marched through Washington in September last to 
join the Army of the Potomac, then about to meet the enemy, up to the 
present eventful period. 

''The cheerfulness with which they have boine the unaccustomed 
fatigues and hardships which it is the lot of the soldier to endure, their 
zealous efforts to learn the multifarious duties of the soldier, the high 
spirit they have exhibited when called upon to make long and painful 
marches to meet the enemy, and their bravery on the field of battle, 
have won my regard and affection. 

" I shall part from them with deep regret and wish them, as the time 
of each Regiment expires, a happy return to their families and friends. 

-X- - w -S- -Jr -x- 

On the 10th of June, 1863, thirteen members of the Pottsville 
Cornet Band left town e?i route f(>r Lexington, Ky., to join the 
Forty-eighth Regiment, then stationed there. Their names were: 
Horace S. Walbridge, leader : Nicholas J. Rehr, Andrew Smith, 
A. B. Walbridge, Amos F. Walbridge, Samuel T. Skeen, Fidel 
Fisher, Wm. H. Hodgson, J. Boedefeld, Charles Smith, Lewis 
Legler, Henry Downing, Alfred Bowen. 



What Was Done ix 1863. 255 

THE SECOND INVASION OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

About the middle of June, 1863, General Lee commenced his 
movement in force into Pennsylvania. His advance attacked and 
defeated General Milroy at Winchester, Ya., and then crossed tlie 
Potomac and entered Pennsylvania, occupying Chambersburg and 
threatening Ilarrisburg. The rebel force of all arms, in this inva- 
sion, was ninety thousand. 

As soon as it became known by telegrapli from the Governor 
that our State was in danger of invasion, a mass meeting of the 
citizens of Schuylkill County was called, and the necessary arrange- 
ments made to organize forces as rapidly as possible to meet the 
emergency. When the second telegram was received that the 
rebels were actually in the State, it was resolved to close up all 
places of business, and let the whole population devote itself to 
the organization of companies to march at once. A few hours 
afterwards the roll of the Washington Artillerists, Captain David 
A. Smith, was filled up to 113 members, and they took tbeir de- 
parture on Wednesday, June 17th, at noon, in company with a 
body of 73 men raised in Donaldson and neighborhood through 
the exertions of Theodore Garretson, coal merchant, and the Union 
League of that vicinity, which was commanded by Captain Adam 
Etien. 

On Thursday morning, 18th, the Pott Infantry, Captain Frank 
Pott, 105 strong, left for Ilarrisburg. 

In the afternoon of the same day, a Company composed of about 
65 of the men employed at Haywood & Co.'s Rolling Mill, and 
seven or eight from Burnish & Co.'s Mill, left, commanded by 
Captain James Teasdale, with Robert Rrown as First^ and John 
Eickley as Second Lieutenant. 

On Thursday morning a Company under Captain Leib, who was 
wounded at the battle at Fredericksburg, left for Harrisburg. 
There were upwards of 70. Captain Leib was compelled to carry 
his wounded arm in a sling, it not yet having healed, but he knew 
that his State was in danger and that was sufficient. 

Captain Charles Dougherty, late of the Ninety-sixth Regiment, 
organized a Company of 80 men at Cressona, and left for Harris- 
burg on Thursday. 



256 What Was Done in 1863. 

Captain AYilllam A. Fleld^ of Schuylkill Haven^ also left on 
Thursday with about 60 men. 

Captain \V. AUcbach left Tamaquaon Thursday for Harrisburg, 
with a full Company of about 90 men. 

Squads of men also left the County. Within iiccnfi/-four Jiours 
seven hundred vohinicers left the County for the defence of the 
State. 

As an instance of the spirit that prevailed, a young Irishman, 
who had joined one of the companies from Ashland, was seized by 
his father at the Planes and dragged from the cars, when he was 
also seized by his mother. He rescued himself and they seized 
him again, when he struck his father a blow and attempted to get 
off again ; but while struggling, the cars departed. 

The Miners' Journal was almost compelled to suspend publica- 
tion. Of thirteen persons employed in the establishment, ^en vol- 
unteered, and the others only remained to keep the establishment 
from closing up entirely. 

THE TWENTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT, P. V. M. 

On the arrival of the Schuylkill County companies at Harris- 
burg, they ^Ycre organized into a Regiment, the Twenty-seventh, 
P. \. M., and mustered into the service on the 19th of June. 

The field and staff officers of the Kegimcnt, with the muster- 
rolls of the respective Companies, were as follows : 

Coloficl— JACOB G. FRICK. 

Lieutenant- Colonel — David 13, Gkeen. 

Major — George L. Fried. 

Chaplain — IIiciiard H, Aistix. 

Surgeon — Dr. 0. Siiittler. 

Afsaistani Surgeon — Dr. E. G. Martin. 

Adjutant — William L. Whitney. 

Quartermaster — William F. Patterson. 

Serge ant- Major — Lin Bartholomew. 

Commissary Sergeant — Samuel P. Cliss. 

Quartermaster Sergeant — Norman Willetts. 

COMPANY A. 

CajHain—DWlV) A. SMITH. 
\si Lieut. — Francis B. Wallace. 
:ld LAeut. — Delaplaink J. Ridgwat. 
\st Sergeant — Charles Woodnutt. 
-c? '• Francis Garrett. 



What Was Done in 1863. 



•257 



OoMPANY A; Twenty-Seventh Eegiment — Coutimi<:cL 

2d Sergeant — Franklin P. Meyeiu 
Ath " William H. Gore. 

hth '^ PniLir Dentzer. 

1st Corporal — Robert C. Hill. 
2f? " Heber B, Smith. 

Zd " Francis M. Nichols. 

Ath *' Daniel D. Dillman. 

•5i/i *' James R. Shearer. 

<Sth "■ James H. Fister. 

7th " John A. Pattersojt. 

Sth " B. F. Oi-EWiNE. 



PRIVATES 



Bean, Jolin 
Bailey, John P.. 
Beard, Samuel 
Beaclier, William 
Beaclier, Jolia J. 
Boardman, George 
Bradbury, J-olin 
Bruce, Franklin 
Beusin.ger, George 
Baunan, J. N. 
Bickley, William 
diristiau, William A, 
Clirisman, Robert 
€arter, John 
€akc, R. 
Day, Edward 

Derr, Alfred J. (drummer) 
Derr, John J. 
Davis, Henry 
Decoursey, George 
Dentzcr, John 
Davis, Jacob 
Erdman, Edwai'd 
Ehler, Yv'illiam 
Eisenhuth, James L. 
Foster, Thomas J, 
Foster, Sol 
Fox, William 
Gwinner, Jacob 
Gumpert, Abraham 
Halberstadt, A. 
Hammer, "William A. 
Hawley, Jesse 
Hawley, Lewis 
Hetherington, Edward 
Huntzinger, William H, 
Helms, John 
Huber, Ivenhoe S. 
Hummel, Levi 
Hummel, Frank E. 
Haering, Henry 
Hay, La- Mar 



Jackson, J, E. 
Jacobs, Henry 
Keeler, Luther 
Lewis, George F, 
Lewis, Henry 
Luther, R. C. 
Lowry, J. G, 
"^lason, Samuel 
Morris, James C. 
McGinnis, John 
Miller, John 
Miller, Isaac 
Miller, Frank 
Medara, John 
Muth, William 
Passmore, J. A. M, 
Pott, Benjamin 
Parker, W. J. 
Quint er, Henry 
Ramsey. William 
Euch, E. C. 
Russell, James 
Rofoson, William 
Schall, John 
Sanders, John 
Schmoltzer, John 
Sirapsou, Thomas 
Simms, Samuel 
Saylor, Edward 
Snyder, George 
Smith, Oliver 
Taylor, George* W., 
Thompson, L. C. 
Tillet, Jonathan 
Walker, Thomas 
Weller, William ' 
Weaver, Francis 
Wigner, Jacob 
Work, Moodie 
Zeigler, William 
Zeigler, Joseph 



22 



258 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - . 

Total, - . - . 



- 8 

13 

- 83 



09 



COMPANY B. 

Capfai7i—FRA^K POTT. 
1st Lieut. — Joseph Kear. 
Id Lieut. — William R. Potts, 
Orderly Sergeant — Dakiel Downet. 
2(/ '* Levi Bland. 

3c/ " R. F. Potter. 

4/A " 0. II. Sillyman. 

^th " J. in Bechtel. 

1^^ Corporal — James H. Beck. 



Id 


C. 


H. 


VOUTE. 


'3d 


J. 


Hoffman. 


4th 


A. 


Schalk. 


5th 


' J. 


Bo 


EDEFELD. 


Gth 


A. 


WoMELSnORF. 


7 th 


Jo 


HN 


Day. 


Sth ' 


' Christian Fox. 


Musicia 


ns—\j. C 


C 


ROSLAND, (drummer.) 




W. B 


[. C 


rENSLEN, <* 




PRIVATES: 


Astrich, D. 






Jones, Harr}- 


Beck, John 






Johnston, George 


Byerle, L. K. 






Knecht, A. 


Brenner, H. 






Kimmel, T. J. 


Byerle, Percival 






Kirkpatrick, J. A. 


Bittle, John 






Langdon, B. S. 


Boltz, L. L. 






Lord, Jeremiah 


Brumm, John 






Meudleson, Edward 


Bechtel, F. W. 






Matter, William II. 


Cooper, J. H. 






Morris, II. L, 


Chandler, James 






Meyer, John P. 


Coller, Henry 






Mellon, Samuel 


Colmer, William 






Mills, Albert 


Carter, Daniel 
Cooper, William 






Matthews, Henry 
Myers, J. B. 


Cruikshank, J. 






Martin, Isaac 


Emhardt, J. F., Jr. 






McCarty, John 


Fox, Edward 






Morris, Samuel R. 


Fensler, Henry 






Nichter, Andrew 


Gartley, John 






Oxenwold, Michael 


Holt, J. C. 






Ostler, J. F. 


Homer, Sol 






Palmer, Robert M. 


Huntzinger, J. M. 






Palmer, C. T. 


Haeseler, F. S. 






Pott, Z. P. 


Huntzinger, A. J. 






Richard, Joseph H. 


Hodgson, J. N. 






Rick, William E. 


Jones, Henry 






Rigg, J. F. 


Jones, Reuben 






Reed, Jameg 



What Was Done in 1863. 



259 



Company B, Twenty-seventh 

Kick. John :M. 

Klioads, G. W. 

Sclioener, C. A. 

St. Clair, R. 

Seaman, M. S. 

Shaw, J. F. 

Schmeltzer, C. 

Smith, C. J. 

Sanci.s, William 

Shabb, Emanuel 

Schepplev, Heavy 

Smith, T.' F. 

Sterner, Henry 

Shaw. James 

Strauch, Isaac 

Skeen, George F. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officer 
Musicians, - - - 
Privates, 

Total, - - - 



Regiment — Con tinved 

Shire, Moses 
Silverberg, Max 
Shoener, Alfred 
Thomas, William L. 
Tindle, Robert 
Tregea, John 
Weslev, Edward 
Willits, G. N. 
Werner, Charles 
Wannemacher, B. 
Whitney, Benjamiu 
Wren, William R. 
Wilson, J. C. 
Wells, William B. 
Wetzel, C. H. 
Yost, William R,. 

_ _ o 

s, - " - - 13 

- - - - 2 
89 

107 



C O M P A N Y C . 

• Caphim—0. J). JENKINS. 
Is^ Lifut. — J. Basslf.ii. 
2,(1 Lieut. — Augustus Smith. 
1st Sergeant — Thomas Hammer. 
2c? " Ferdikakd SriEGLE. 

Zd " JoHxV C. Guss. • 

4M *• David Moyer, 

bth " Jacob Riegel. 

\stCorporol — Frakcis Fidler. 
2fl *' Richard W. L"5ioxs. 

o'i " Henry Reichert. 

4:fh *' ALBEiiT Robinson. 

•Mn&iciam — Lewis D. Kimmel, (drummer.) 

Wjlliam Smith, (fifcr. ) 
Cltrh — CiiARiES H. Bowen. 

PRIVATES. 

Allen, Thomas G, Evans, Samuel 

Aubenbach, Joseph Frehafer, E. II. 

Ackermau, Clement Forrer, George 

Ackerman, Franci« Forney, Albert 

Buechly, Albert ITetherington, Thomas 

Bickel, John Heiser, Reuben 

Brumm, John Howells, Thomas 

Coverly, John Hart, Henry 

Christ, Jfimes Kline, George 

Deibert, Henry Keller, George M. 

Pe Long, Charles Kauffman, George Jr. 

Esterly, Charles K. Koons, Clinton P. 



260 



What "Was Done in 1863, 



Company C, Twenty- seventh 

Leader, Charles C. 
Moore, James 
Maurer, John 
Mattern, William 
McDonald, Robert E. 
McClemans, Samuel 
(Ichmacht, Jabel 
Foley, Irwin 
Reese, William 
Reed, Francis 
Reifsnyder, LeTB 
►Snyder, Isaac 
Sterner, Robert 
Stitzer, Wayne T. 
Stock, Daniel 
Shribeihood, Leonard 
Spoats, William 

Commissioned Officers. 

Non-eommissioned Ofiice 

Musiciaiis, - - - 

Clerk, . - 

Privates, 



Begiment — Continued. 

Si>iegle, Henry 
Sibled, R. S. 
Thomas, IMicliael 
Wootingtoii, James- 
Walbridge, Henry 
Warner, Levan 
White, Theodore F. 
Wilson, William E. 
Watson, Thomas 
Yeagcr, Francis 
Yeager, Lewis 
Levan, Aaron B, 
Leip, Charles P. 
"Larch, William 
Lyons, Joseph B, 
Lewis, Henry 



1 
57 



2d 

%d 



Arp, John 
Arner, D^ D. ^ 
Armstrong, Williaro 
Barton, AYilliam F. 
Boyd, G. L. 
Barton, William 
Bailey, Samuel E. 



COMPANY E. 

€aptsdn—:i \Qk}V> H. MARTZ. 
\st Lieut.— M. P. F0w1.EE. 
2d Lieut. — L. S. Boker. 
1^^ Sergeant — Geokge Mutz. 

C. ITens-y Jones. 

Reuben Snyper. 

ClIAPvL-ES E. SXEDMAK- 

B.. T. Hughes. 
1st Corj) oral — H. Biusman.. 
2d " H. C. BQvmu 

Sd *' Elias HorES. 

4th " Frederick Siiekkv. 

^th '^ John H. Shaeffer. 

%th ''■ W. J. HUELO-CK. 

Ith " Edward P«.. Bullock. 

Sth " A. S. R. Richards. 

Musicians — Daniel Dunn. 

William Sbigfried. 

PRIVATES : 

Bond, George T. 
.Beisfoi\'., Henry 
Brode, Samuel 
Baker, Elias 
Boyer, Peter 
Benningholf, E. 
Benaiiighalf, Jo&eplt 



What Was Done in 1863. 



261 



Company E; Twenty-seventh 

Crouse, Nathan 

Cooper, Anthony 

Carter, Thomas; 

Dentinger, C. J. 

Ebert, Jonas 

Fero, John 

Fry, William 

Fisher, John 

Focht, Henry 

Fritzinger, H. S. 

Fry, Joyeph 

Fisher, W. D. 

Fisher, B. K. 

Gillham, Frank 

Gallagher, Edward 

ilargraves, Edward 

Halderaan, Frank 

HoUman, John R. 

Hunter, Ralph 

Hoppes, Sol 

Ilendrick, B. F. 

Hathrick, Jonathan 

Jones, William K. 

Johnson, George 

Koch, Jeremiah 

Kemerer, Mahlou 

Koch, Daniel 

Kirby, Walter 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officer 
Musicians, - - - 
PriTates, 

Total. - 



Regiment — Continued. 

Lambertson, Amo« 

Lentz, F. S. 

Longacre, John S. 

Longacre, Jacob S. 

Oswald, S. E. 

Orr, George 

Ramsey, F. A. 

Eeifsnyder, A, 

Roehrig, William H. 

Rottman, William 

Rex, Charles A, 

Stoui, Daniel 

Spurr, Joseph 

Siegfried, Lewis 

Snyder, W. F, 

Siegfried, Henry 

Swank, C^-rus 
^Smith, Henry 
'Smith, F. J. 

Schwartz, Theodore 

Scott, Hugh 

Scheifly, James K. 

Waters, John 

W^agner, Charles C. 

Whetstone, Simon 

Xander, Alfred D. 

Zellner, Henry 



2 

G9 

87 



COMPANY a. 

Caplain~:iOms H. BATDORF. 
\st Lieut. — Harky Shoemaker. 
2d Lieut. — Thomas B. Bangropi, 
1st Sergeant — Levi Batdorf. 
2d " Patrick Boran. 

M ♦' Frank P. Coho. 

Ath " Edward Ebert. 

bth " Michael Horan. 

15/ Corporal — Adker Klees. 
2d ♦• Michael Collyee. 

Zd '* Thomas Canfibld. 

Ath " George Weaver. 

bth *' Michael Conlby. 

6fA «♦ Emanuel Fox. 

1th " Michael Gillabpt 

8rA *' John Reichabd. 

Jf«*?'ciar#— John McGeioie, 



262 



What Was Done m 18G3. 



Company G, Twenty-setenth Regiment- 
privates J 



■ Continued, 



Bixler, M. W. 

Bysicomer, James 

Brooks, Peter E, 

Butz, Henry 

Batdorf, James 

Benner, Jamea 

Cleaver, Alonzo 

Coabley, William 

Cowen, William 

Davis, Albert 

Dinger, RiKlolpb 

Deam, Philip 

Donalioe, James 

Evans, William 

Ebling, Ptobert 

Ebling, Albert 

Fahl, Jonathan 

Flemens, John 

Fox, David 

Fox, John W. 

Fetterman, Charles 

Fahl, Daniel 

Ghaman, Jesse 

Gorrell, Martin 

Griffith, Thomas 

Gagler, Anthony 

Higgins, Martin 

Hopkins, John 

Hoffman, Simon 

Haines, Reuben 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissfoned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Privates, - - > 



Kelly, Patrick 
Meister, D.miel 
Slehaffy, Joseph 
Murphy, Frank 
Mayer, Frank 
Nuss, Martin 
Ramsey, Edward 
Ryan, Michael 
Rich, Clifford 
Reese, Evan 
iBaiish, Emanuel 
Rhine, John 
Reigle, George 
Raush, Nathan 
Raush, Abraham' 
S'eitzinger, James 
Shuman, Henry 
Seitzinger, Henry 
Sanders, David 
SheriiF, Henry 
Serfing, Aaron 
Smith, Bush 
Seltzer, Akin 
Ulrich, Elwood 
Wilson, Andre'w 
Wanders, George- 
Wilson, Charles 
Walburn, Frank 
Wilson, Abige 
Yost, James 



Total, 



1 

m 

11 



COMPANY I. 

Captain— M)A.U ETIEN. 

\st Lieut. — Joseph A. Shoffstall, 

Id Limt. — Theodore Garretson. 

1st Sergeant — John Werfield. 

2d " Edward Askew. 

3c? " Henry Smith. 

Ath " C. N. Gaskins. 

bth "■ John Maul. 

\st Corporal — Bennetille Wehrt, 

2d ■" John Gage. 

2>d " 0. D. Drake. 

Ath " William M. Hart. 

bth " Samuel Whetstokb 



/ » 



What Was Done in 1863. 



"263 



Company I, Twenty-seventh Regiment — Continued. 

C)ih Corvoral — William IIarfoed. 
1th " David Williams. 

Musicians — G, W. Lehman, (fifer. ) 

James Grbager, (drummer.) 

PRIVATES : 



Atliey, George 


Hoy, Yv^illiam 




Atliey, Joseph 


Harris, Josepli 




Boden, William 


Jones, Edward 




Boden, Joseph 


Kupp. Lewis • 




Battersly, Henry 


Krise, Charles 




Cardwell, John 


Miner, James 




Coates, T. 


Miunich, Charles 


Charlesworth, Henry 


Moore, Vy'llliam 


Duify, Francis 


McElhenny, Tl 


lomaa 


Dunlap, Thomas 


Opic, James 




Derr, Fidell 


Plimmer, John 




Evans, Edward 


Pierce, Henry 




Evans, Samuel 


Reed, Robert 




Fotheringill, Joseph Jr. 


Roebrick, James 


Ferguson, John E. 


Tobias, Samuel T. 


Fotheringill, Joseph 


Tobias, Thomas J. 


Gaskins, John L, 


Willouer, Jeremiah 


Graver, Henry 


Wood, James 




Green, Jesse 






Commissioned Officers, 


- . - 




Non-commissioned Officers, 


- _ _ 


12 


Musicians, - - - 


- 


2 


Privates, - . _ 


- 


S7 


Total, .... 


- 


5-1 


KECAPITULATION. 




Commissioned Officers, 


„ = - 


18 


Non-commissioned Officers, * 


_ 


To 


Musicians, - - - - 


» 


13 


Clerks, . - - - 


_ 


1 


Privates, ... - 


405 



Total, - - - - - - 510 

The otlier Companies in the Regiment were from Northampton 
and Berks. 

The Companies of Captains Smith, Pott and Jenkins were from 
Pottsville. Company E was from Tamaqua ; Company Gr was 
from Ashland; and Company I was recruited in Frailey Township^ 
Schuylkill County. 

On the 24th of June the Regiment moved from Harrisburg to 
Columbia, to guard the bridge across the Susquehanna at that 
point and defend Lancaster County. The Regiment was attacked 
by the rebels on Sunday, June 28. The writer was present on 



2G4 WuAT Was Done in 1863. 



the occasion; and sub.sequontly penned the following account of the 
action : 

Columbia, June 30, 18(3:3. 

On Suiurda}- ufiernoon last, Companies A (Smitli) and 1> (Pott) -were 
ordered to join the Ileginicnt on the other .^ide of the river. We reached 
the command about 5 o'clock, west of Wrightsvillo, and were thrown 
into line of battle. On Sunday Ave commenced digging rific-pits, and 
had hardly completed them when our mounted scouts came in rapidly, 
and reported to Colonel Frick, acting Brigadier-General, that the rebe]g 
were approaching in force. The men were placed by companies in the 
pits, ami about 5 o'clock the tiring becamc-fcu'isk in the front. We conld 
sec from our positi'on the rebel cavalry, wiio mounted and dismounted, 
were engaged in driving in our pickets. Between that hour and G^ 
o'clock, the firing was quite sharp, and the rebeUwere trying evidently, 
to flank our little force, and cut off our retreat to the bridge, distant 
about half a mile. ^Jolonel Frick passed quietly, and exposed to the " 
lire of the sharpshooters, from the left to the right of our line, and whis- 
pered to the captains an order to fall back to the bridge. This move- 
ment was eii'ected in excellent order by tlie command, although exposed 
during the movement to a heavy fire of shell and to a galling one of 
sharpshooters. The shells exploded over us and in close proximity to 
our ranks, and there were many narrow escapes. I am glad to say that 
the Twenty-seventh Fvegiment lost no men in killed, and but three or 
four slightly wounded. There were no casualties in companies A and 
B (from Pottsville.) The enemy did not capture a single man of the 
Eegiment. Had Ave moved from our pits live minutes later, my belief is 
that our retreat Avould have been put off. As it was we reached the 
bridge and effected a crossing, losing but twenty men, members of the 
Twentieth Regiment of Philadelphia, Avho were captured. Colonel Krick 
saw his command pass, safel}', and then gave orders that the bridge 
should be fired. This was done, and by 8 o'clock Columbia and Wrights- 
ville were illuminated by the flames of the huge structure. 

The rebels Avere chagrined at the frustration of their plan to bag us, 
capture Columbia and destroy the Pennsylvania Piailroad at this point. 
Although we were compelled to fall back before a greatly superior force 
supported with artillery, while Ave had not a single piece, we completely 
foiled the attempt of the enemy to cross the Susquehanna at this point. 

The enemy entered York on Sunday morning in heavy force, with 
several pieces of artillery. It was Early's Division of the rebel inva- 
ding army. The force that advanced upon lis with several batteries of 
artillery, was Gordon's Brigade, numbering several thousand men — in- 
fantry, cavalry, and artillery. 

Colonel Frick's official report of the action at Wrightsville is a« 

follows : 

IIeadquarteus Deiences of Lancaster County, \ 
Columbia, July 1, 1863. / 
Captain: I have the honor to report that, in compliance Avith General 
Orders No. 14, from the Department of the Susquehanna, I left Ilarris- 
burg on the morning of the 21th ult., and arrived here on the afternoon 
of the same day, and immediately sent four companies, in command of 
Lieut. -Colonel Green, over the river. On the morning of the 25th uU., 
I sent four more companies to that officer, with instructions to take up 



What Was Done in 1863. 265 



a position near the York turnpike, about one half mile from Wrightsville. 
Hearing, on the afternoon of the 27th, that the enemy were in the 
vicinity of York, I ordered my two remaining companies to report to 
Lieut.-Colonel Green, that we might be prepared to resist any sudden 
attempt by the enemy to get possession of the bridge at this point. 
Late in the evening of the same day I crossed the river, assumed com- 
mand, and disposed of my force for defence. During the . night our 
force was increased by four companies from Columbia — three white and 
one colored — numbering about 175 men. 

Very early next morning, having obtained intrenching tools from citi- 
zens of Columbia and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, my own men 
and the negro company (the other three companies from Columbia hav- 
ing left for their homes) dug rifle-pits on either side of" the turnpike. 
During the morning a detachment of convalescent soldiers from York, 
and the Patapsco Guards, in all about 250 men, joined me, and they 
were posted on the left of the town, protecting the left flank of my posi- 
tion. They were placed under command of Lieut.-Colonel Green. We 
were also joined by scattered fragments of the Twentieth Regiment, P. 
V. M., under Lieut.-Colonel Sickles, during the morning, which I posted 
on the right of the town, as a protection to the right flank. 

The work of intrenching was continued until the approach and attack 
of the enemy, about 5.} o'clock, P. M., and whilst the work was in pro- 
gress, I selected, with" the assistance of Major Haller, A. D. C. to the 
commanding General, the several points at which to post my limited 
number of men. 

The main body of the enemy, about 2,500 strong, composed of cavalry, 
artillery, and infantry, took up their position about 6 o'clock, P. M., on 
the turnpike in our immediate front, and within three-quarters of a mile 
of our rifle-pits. A force of cavalry and infantry moved down the rail- 
road on our left, and attacked our skirmishers, who, after replying to 
their fire for a short time, retired to the main body, which kept up a 
steady fire, and held the enemy in check until they received orders to 
retire to the bridge. The rebels succeeded in getting a battery in posi- 
tion on the elevated ground on our right, and a section in our immediate 
front. These guns were used most vigorously against those of my com- 
mand occupying the rifle-pits. In the meantime they sent a column oi 
infantry, under cover of a high hill on our right, within a few hundred 
yards of the river. None but their skirmishers approached within range 
of the guns of the men occupying the rifle-pits, and these being in a 
grain field, and obscured from our view, except when they would rise to 
fire, it was difficult to do them much harm or dislodge them. They 
depended exclusively upon their artillery to drive us from our position 
here. Having no artillery ourselves on that side of the river with which 
to reply, and after retaining our position for about 1} hours, and dis- 
covering that our remaining longer would enable the enemy to reach the 
river on both of my flanks, which I was unable to prevent because of 
the small number of men under my command, and thus get possession 
of the bridge, cut off our retreat, and secure a crossing of the Susque- 
hanna, (which I was instructed to prevent,) I retired in good order, and 
crossed the bridge to the Lancaster side. 

Before the enemy had left York for the river here, I made, as I sup- 
posed, every necessary arrangement to blow up one span of the Colum- 
bia bridge. When they got within sight, the gentlemen charged with 
the execution of that work repaired promptly to the bridge, and com- 
menced sawing off the arches and heavy timbers, preparatory to blow- 



266 What Was Done in 1863. 



ing up with powder, which they had arranged for that parpose. After 
an abundance of time was allowed, and after, I supposed, every man of 
my command was over the river, and when the enemy had entered tlic 
town with his artillery, and reached the barricade at the bridge head, I 
gave the order to light the fuse. The explosion took place, but our 
object in blowing up the bridge failed. It was then that I felt it to be 
my duty, in order to prevent the enemy from crossing the river, and 
marching on Harrisburg in the rear, destroying on his route railroads 
and bridges, to order the bridge to be set on fire. The bridge was com- 
pletely destroj'cd, though a vigorous attempt was made to save a part 
by the soldiers. 

I was materially assisted in my operations by Captain Strickler, who 
had charge of a small force of cavalry, acting as scouts. I feel indebted 
to him for much reliable information as to the movemcnis and force of 
the enemy. Major Haldeman (formerly c^;" the Twenty-third Regiment, 
P. V.,) volunteered his services, and rendered me very efficient aid. 

Lieut. -Colonel Green, who had charge of the left flank of the position 
with a force of 250 men, and Major Fried, who took charge of the left 
wing of the One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Regiment, P. V. M., 
behaved with accustomed coolness and gallantry, and brought off their 
forces in most excellent order. Great praise is due to Captain Oliver, 
Company D, Twenty-seventh, P, V. M., commanding a body of skir- 
mishers of about 70 men. for the skillfulness and boldness with which 
he liandled his men. The officers and men of my command generally 
did their whole duty. 

Before closing this report justice compels me to make mention of the 
excellent conduct of the company of negroes from Columbia. After 
working industriously in the ritle-pits all day, when the fight com- 
menced they took their guns, and stood up to their work bravely. They 
only fell back when ordered to do so. 

I herewith enclose a list of casualties: The prisoners taken. 18 in 
number, were all from the Twentieth, P. V. M., including Lieut. -Colonel 
Sickles of that Regiment. From information received since the engage- 
ment, I feel convinced that if my orders had been promptly obeyed no 
prisoners would have been taken. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant. 

JACOB G. FRICK, Colonel Commanding. 

To Robert LeRoy, Captain and A. A. G., Department Susquehanna. 
LIST OF CASUALTIES. 
Wounded. 
Henry Matthews, Company B. Sergeant Henry Buriale. Co. F. 

Terrence Smith, '• B. " Joseph Fitzgerald, Co. V. 

Max Silverberg, " B. Aaron Tice, Companv H. 

Corp. Henry Reichart, Co. C. Allen D. Mohr, " "' II. 

Michael J. Thomas. '' 

On the 26th of June, Governor Curtin issued a Proclamation 
calling for 60,000 volunteers to defend the State. Meetings were 
held, and recruiting commenced for a Regiment to be commanded 
bj General James Naglo, and one to be commanded by Colonel 
Royer. On the 30th of June a County meeting assembled in the 
Court-house at Pottsville. A committee was appointed to confer 
with the Commissioners^ and request them to appropriate ^5 a 



What Was Done in 1863. 267 

week to the families of all who had families themselves, or depend- 
ing on them, who volunteered for the defence of the State. The 
Commissioners acceded to the request. A motion was then made 
to embrace the families of those -Vho had already gone on the first 
call. The meeting called upon the Commissioners to embrace 
those also in the bounty, which was immediately acceded to. 

Under this, recruiting received an impetus, and the two Regi- 
ments were soon filled. Up to July 18, Schuylkill County fur- 
nished for the emergency and^under the three and six months' 
calls, 2^000 volunteers. 



THE THIRTY-NLNTH REGIMENT, P. V. M. - 

Colonel— JXMES NAGLE. 

Lki{t,-Colonel— J AMES H. CAMPBELL. 

The movements of this Regiment up to the time it went into 

camp at Greencastle, are narrated in a letter to us, dated- - 

Ix Camp near Greencastle, July 17, 1803. 
\Yg left Reading for Ilarrisburg on Wednesday evening, at 9,i o'cIocIj, 
find after a long and tedious vide in freight cars, over the Leha^non Val- 
ley Railroad, we arrived safely within one or two miles of Ilarrisburg, 
when, sad to relate, the train in backing on the turnout, to permit the 
passenger train last to pass by the train, Avas backed into some coal 
cars, mashing in the end of one of the house-cars and breaking as was 
supposed, both legs of one of the members of Captain Nagle's Company, 
and mashing the foot of one of Captain Harrison's men, who were both 
left at Ilarrisburg, where we were immediately transferred to another 
freight train, a large or principal part of the cars having no seats in 
them, which made it a very tedious way of riding; from Harrisburg we 
were started in about half an hour and arrived at Carlisle between six 
and seven in the morning, where we lay in and around the cars until 
nearly two, P. M., not daring to leave as we did not know at what 
minute the cars might start. In approaching Carlisle, we could see the 
bare walls and chimneys of the once beautiful barracks, standing as a 
sad memento that the rebels had dared to penetrate so far upon the free 
soil of Pennsylvania, but thank fortune, they were well punished for 
their audacity and were glad to recross the Potomac, with a largely 
reduced army. In Carlisle we could also see the eflfects of the enemy's 
fire, as we saw several walls pierced through by shells and solid shot, 
and were also shown over one half of a shell preserved by one of the 
inhabitants. We then started at 2 o'clock from Carlisle and arrived at 
Shippensburg by 4, where we left the cars, after being in for 19 hours, 
and encamped in the outskirts of the town on Thursday evening. 
We camped out in an open field of about four acres, where we soon had a 
miniature village under canvass and gave ourselves over to the kind 
embrace of slumber, which I can assure you was sweet, after spending 
a sleepless night on the railroad. On Tuesday, at 10 o'clock, we left 
Shippensburg on foot, and took up our line of march for Chambersburg, 
which proved to be a very tedious and tiresome march, through muddy 



268 What Was Done Ix\ 1863. 



and heavy roads, and by Oie time "wc arrived in Camp McClure, one 
mile from Chambersburg, there was at least one full company of strag- 
glers bringing up the rear, who came straggling in some one or two 
hours after our arrival. The heat was very oppressive and no air astir, 
which accounts for so many falling back on the march. We lay in 
Camp McClure until Saturday evening, when we received marching 
orders, and were n?arched about two miles, where we were again en- 
camped until Tuesday morning, when again receiving marching orders, 
we v.'ere marched to within one mile of Greencastle, in a roundabout 
way, some fifteen or sixteen miles, when we should have done it in ele- 
ven miles, at which place we arrived at dusk and were encamped on a 
high field, but still not high enough to put us out of the water and mud 
when it'rained, which is almost every other day since we have been out. 
Here we were joined by the regiments composing our Brigade. Thej*, 
as far as I know, arc the Thirty-seventh,* Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, 
Fortieth, and Forty-first Pennsylvania Ftegiments, V. M,, with Colonel 
James Nagle acting Brigadier — and a battery of four guns — and on 
Thursday evening we left as a Brigade, and marched one mile this side 
of Greencastle on the Iiagerstowu turnpike, where we are now encamped 
on a dead level ground in the woods. 

While in camp on the north side of Greencastle, we were addressed by 
Governor Cuvtin very patriotically, which created great enthusiasm 
among the troops, who cheered him time and again, and were not will- 
ing to let him stop, although much exhausted by the exertions he had 
made in behalf of the troops. 

The following are the muster-rolls of the Schuylkill County 

companies of the Eegiment : 

COMPANY A. 

Cajttam—TxOBERT ALLISON. 

1st Lieut. — .Jacob Baciiman. 

2d Lieut. — James Tealdale. 

1st Sergeant — C. L. Chillson. 

2d " J. E. GiBsox. 

3f? " Jonathan Bull. 

4:tk " George Gibson. 

^th '< Philip Garris. 

1st Corporal — Willia3i Garris. 

2d " George B. Fisler. 

3c? <« James Henderson. 

^th " Isaiah Linn. 

bth '« Tobias Oliver. 

^yth " C. W. Snyder. 

'^th " Jesse Templin. 

^i^^ *' S. C. Cartwright. 

Serg cant-Major — Isaiah Cartjvright. 

Musicians — James Swartz (fifer.) 

C. 11. May (drummer.) 

Daniel Dick (band*.) 

PRIVATES : 

Aley, Abraham Bo^er, Daniel 

Anspach William Boyer, Franklin 

^n^r PI •'"'''' Boyer, John 

Bull, Philip Ci-etz, John 



What "Was Done in 1863. 



269 



Company A, Thirty-ninth Regiment — Continued. 



Cartwriglit, Jacob 


Laing, John 


Daubert, Benjamin 


Lewis, John 


Dillon, Philip 


Moody, John 


Dale, William 


McLaughlin, James 


Droble, John 


Morganroth, Levi 


Dillman, Peter 


O'Neill, Peter 


Fletcher, David 


OrroU, James 


Freed, John 


Philips, Richard 


Ferney, Joseph 


Roxby, J. C. 


Fritz, Albert 


Ryan, Lawrence 


Gordon, William 


Rhoads, H. B. 


Goodman, Henry 


Simpson, J. B. 


Groves, John i 


Simpson, Joseph 


Grant, Patrick 


Schrow, Dewald 


Gallagher, John 


Seitzinger, Thomas 


Garris, Joh'n 


Smith, Thomas 


Glenn, David 


Smith, C. F. 


Henshley, Charles 


Sweeny, John 


Hessenberg, Charles 


Sedden, Charles 


Heebner, H. R. 


Singley, W. H. 


Hain, Mattson 


Smith, Matthew 


Haiu, Reuben 


Smith, Robert 


Hain, Charles 


Sedden, John 


Hadesty, Harvey 


Sessingei', George J 


Jones, Evan 


Wright, John 


Knowles, Nathaniel 


Wintersteen, D. L. 


linowles, Adam 


Worrner, Benjamin 


Lechler, David 


Wintersteen, H. I[. 


Lawrence, George R, 


Wlliiams, Isaac 


Long, Thomas D. 




Commissioned Officers, 


- 3 


Non-commissioned Officers, 


- 14 


Musicians, - - - 


- 3 


Privates, - _ - . 


- 67 




"87 



^ COMPANY B. 

Captain— VllllAY NAGLE. 
\st Lieut. — E. J. SiiirPEN, 
2d Lieut. — Abraham Nagle. 
1st Sergeant — Louis A. Bright. 

Charles A. Bosbyshell. 

John R. Wo3ielsdorf. 

Peter Houck. 

George W. Beck. 
-James Glenn. 

Isaac Gross. 

B. F. Lord. 

John L. Mennig. 

Samuel Dampman. 

Livingston Hough. 

Isaiah Kline. 
23 



2d 


i( 


Zd 


a 


4th 


a 


5th 


<( 


Isi Corporal- 


2d 




M 




Ath 




hth 




6th 




7th 





270 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Company B, Thirty-ninth Kegiment— 

Slh Corporal — Caspar Brobst. 
Musicians — Simon Derr. 

" Charles Miesse. 

Wagoner — Israel Krammes. 



Continued, 



PRIVATES: 

Allen, Zacliariah T, 

Allison, Henry 

Auman, William 

Aikiuau, James 

Boughncr, Benjamin F. 

Brownmiller, Nicholas 

Bock, Jolin 

Boltz, Cliavles 

Buck, Nathaniel 

Bancust, John 

Bodcy, Charles N. 

Boyer, William B. 

Christian, Benjamin L. 

Christian, Henry 

Cooper, George 

Cole, Bichard 

Carey, William 

Dillinger, William 

Derrick, Cyrus 

Fey, Francis W. 

Frederick, William D. 

Frailey, Peter H. 

Fey, George A. 

Horning, Samuel 

Hughes, Andrew 

Hoover, Perry 

Hamm, Conrad 

Hammer, Theodore 

Haley, AYilliam H. 

Horning, Washington 

Johnson, Robert 

Jones, John 

Jones, Thomas 

James, David H. 

Krater, John 

Kimbler, John J. 

Lindenmuth, Henry 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - - 
Privates, - - - - 



Montgomery, Jonas A, 
Matz, Thomas H. 
Morgan, Enoch 
Martz, Alonzo 
Morgan, John W, 
Nagle, James W. 
Rhobottom, Frank 
Richman, John 
Rickert, John 
Rickert, George L. 
Sterner, Daniel 
Sterner, David 
Staats, James L. 
Shower, George 
Simmons, George I>. 
Schloss, Isaac 
Lindenmuth, Charles 
Lloyd, Michael Sr 
Lloyd, Thomas 
Liffler, Frank 
Liffler, William 
Leob, George P. 
Madison, James M. 
Mennig, Edward W. 
Schall, Thomas 
Shay, John 
Schwenk, Henry E. 
Shoener, Geoi'ge 
Talich, Thomas H. 
Taylor, Eugene 
Thiemer, John M. 
Williams, Philip 
AVildermuth, Gfcarles W 
Williams, John C. 
Woolison, Franklin 
Weaver, John A. 
Wernert, George 
- - - o 

13 

. 2 

- - 74 



Total, 



08 



What Was Done in 1863. 



271 



COMPANY C. 

eaj^^am— CHARLES BLACKER. 
1st Lieut. — William G. DeTuek. 
2d Lieut. — George W. Keitek. 
1st Sergeant — James Blackee, 

2d " OSWELL FOED. 

Zd " John Maecii. 

Ath " William Gittins. 

^th '* George W. Lookingbill. 

1st Corporal — John B. Me^z. 



2d 




John Beckee. 


Sd 




Thomas Palmer. 


4th 




George W. Johnson. 


5th 




Peter Bummeesbaugh. 


Qtk 




Thomas Lewis. 


1th 




Nathaniel Keebs. 


Sth 




Benjamin Haines. 


Musiciam- 


— WiNFiELD Fritz, 




ii 


William Hetherington. 
PRIVATES : 



Anderson, Robert 
Ashwortli, Joseph 
Baldwin, Tliomas 
Beauriiont, Charles 
Blakelj, Joseph 
Briggs, Thomas S. 
Buniutersbaugh, J. F. 
CarL Peter 
Clifl'Ord, James 
Cook, Robert 
Coughlin, Thomas 
Crawshaw, George W. 
Davis, William S. 
Demmings, William 
Dieuer, John 
Dudlej, John 
Evans, David 
Evans, Thomas 
Else, William H. 
Ferrebee, Amza 
Foster, Thomas 
Frohnle, Albert 
Grave, John 
Gradweil, Thomas 
Haines, William 
Hardy, Joseph J. 
Hart, iVlexander 
Hassler, Charles 
Howarth, William 
Housknecht, George W 
Jones, Elias 
Jones, Robert 
Kelly, John 
Maguire, John 
MarXj Charles 



McCabe, Alexander 
McKiernan, Patrick 
Millerd, William 
Moson, James 
Oriel, John 
Parker, Richard 
Purnell; Isaue 
Price, James 
Reese, Jacob 
Richardson, James 
Rodgers, James 
Scherr, Rinard 
Seligman, Benjamin 
Sh after, Henry 
(Shilton, Joseph 
Smith, Frederick 
Smith, John 
Stahl, George W. 
Sykes, Benjamin 
Sykes, George 
Thomas, John D. 
Thomas, George 
Thomas, Samuel 
Thomas, William 
Townsend, Abraham 
Vincort, John 
Watkins, William 
Webster, Elias 
Weiss, Joseph 
Wighf^m, Thomas 
Williams, John 
Williams, Thomas 
Young, James 
Young, Robert 



272 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Company C; Thirty-Ninth Regiment- 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musician, - - - - _ 
Privates, . - , . 

Total, 



• Continued. 



13 

2 
69 



8' 



COMPANY D, 

Captain— IllQ-MK^ EAY. 

1st Lieut. — .ToiiN WOOLEY. 

2d Lieut. — William Broughall. 

1st Sergeant — John W. Smith. 

2d " Jonathan Wiluinghasl, 

3t? " James E, Evans. 

4th " George Smith. 

5th " Edward A. Reed. 

1st Corporal — Datid Ckown. 



2d 
^d 
4th 
Uh 
%th 
1th 
Wi 



David Watkins. 
Joseph Urch. 
Henry Daddow. 
Ljgti Orme. 

AuGUSTyS BiME. 

Thomas Fielding. 
William Bracey. 



Blusician — Isaac H. Davidson. 



PRIVATES 

Bail, Jolin 
Easier, Gabriel 
Bartley, Alfred 
Betz, Harrison 
Correl, Rolandus 
Carl, Frederick 
DaddoTT, John 
Deutscii, Jacob J, 
Davidson, John 
Darkins, John 
Evans, John 
Evans, Thomas 
Evans, William 
Eymon, Thomas 
Evans, John C. 
Ford, Joseph 
Fox, James 
Griner, Philip 
Galden, Evan 
Horn, Frederick 
Hutton, William 
Hutton, Thomas 
Houseknecht, Benjamin J. 
Hetherington, Jacob 
Johnson, Theodore R. 
Jones, Edward 
Jones, Henry 



Jones, Joseph 
James, Thomas I>^ • 
Jones, Robert 
Long, John 
Long, Albert 
Lorer, John 
Mitchell, Samuel 
McGuire, Thomas- 
Morgan, John L. 
Moses, Ebenezer 
'Millei% John R. 
Kline, Jacob 
Price, Reuben 
Quinn, Joseph 
Rick, Frank 
Rolands, Daniel 
Roberts, William 
Sykes, Henry 
Steel, Joseph 
Shaffer, Killian 
Thomas, John P. 
Thomas, Evan 
Urch, William 
Watkins, Edward 
Wilds, John 
Williams, Thomas W. 
Williams, James E. 



What Was Done 115 1863. 



27S 



Company D, Thirty-ninth Regiment — Continued, 

Commissioned Officers, - - - - 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - 18 

Musicians, - - - - - - 1 

Privates, . . - - - - 54 



Total, 



71 



COMPANY E. 

Captain— JOlll^i R. PORTER. 
1st Lieut. — Daviu R. Shafeb. 
2c? Lieut. — Robert Russell. 
1st Sergeant — David Stewart. 
2c? *' Thomas Jennings. 

3c/ " S^\MUEL Seward. 

Ath " 'AsHTON Hilton. 
bth " Townsend Himes. 

1st Corporal — John Moore. 
2d *' Samuel Hbaton. 

3c? '* Jonas Hein. 

4ith *' John Brown. 

bth *' Thomas Jones. 

6^^ " Solomon Foust. 

1th " William Scott. 

^th *' James W. Sterner. 

Musicians — Sylvester Schuyler. 
♦* Nathaniel Eshelman. 



PRIVATES: 



Albertson, Jacob 
Bently, Cliarles 
Bartholomew, Clinton 
Beltz, George 
Casserly, James 
Carrigan, James 
Corby, Thomas 
Cohon, John G. 
Crook, John 
Crook, George C. 
Crombe, James 
Donaldson, James 
Eddy, John 
English, George 
Fenstermacher, William 
Fletcher, Edward 
Fox, Peter 
Fisher, Emanuel 
Frank, AVilliam 
Flaherty, Patrick 
Good, Charles H. 
Garrett, James N. 
Griffith, William 
Howell, William 
Hendricks, George 



23* 



Howard, John 
Huntzinger, Jacob F- 
Jackson, Henry 
Jones, William P. 
Kohlcr, George 
Landy, John 
Lawall, Philip 
Mauger, Andrew 
Mauger, John 
Myer, Henry 
Mace, William 
Mauger, George 
Miller, Wilson W. 
Morton, Jonathan 
Miller, Samuel 
McGerry, Daniel 
O'Donnell, Manu« 
Percival, James 
Patrick, David 
Robeson, William 
Raab, Andrew 
Richards, Philip 
Roberts, John R. 
Russell, John H. 
Smith, William S. 



274 



What Was Done in 1863. 



COxMPANY E, Thirty-ninth Eegiment — Continued. 



Spurr, Thomas W. 
Sterner, Lewis H. 
Sliafer, George W. 
Severn, Thomas 
Shiverstein, Albert 
Taylor, James 
Taylor, Charles 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, - . - 

Total, - 



Tomlins, Edward 
Walker, Thomas 
"Wiggan, John A. 
Wolf, Michael 
Wilcox, Thomas 
Warr, Joseph 



13 

2 
G3 

81 



COMPANY F. 

CajHcdn—S^'ILLlKM M. RANDALL. 

\st Lieut. — John W. Coho. 

2c? LieiU. — Henry E. Hein. 

1st Sergeant — Harvey J. Stager. 

2c? *' Joseph C. Kerkesl-ager. 

3c? " Daxiel E. Sciireck. 

4iih *' Alfred 6r. Yeager. 

hth " Albert A. Hesser. 

Is^ Corporal — William A. Field. 

2c? " Joshua Martz. 

3c? " Joseph M. Schalm. 

Ath " D. B. HOLMER. 

bth " Elijah Ebiricii. 

Wi " F. P. Barr. 

1th '' Joshua Heiser. 

^tli " Henry PiAudenbush. 

Musicians — RoLANDUS FREEHiEFFER. 

" J. Kline. 



PRIVATES: 



Auman, Henry 
Armstrong, John 
Achabach, William 
Bolton, a. W. 
Berger, David 
Boyer, Chai-les 
Rubeck, John E, 
Christ, Edward 
Coxe, H. N. 
Clouse, W. 
Collins, M. 
Dickinson, John 
Drey, Lewis 
Deibert, William 
Detrich, Peter 
Dilcamp, W. H. 
Dilcamp, C. E. 
Dreher, Benjamin 



DeFrehn, Isaac 
Everett, Daniel 
Eisenhart, .John 
Fidler, R. H. 
Fritz, John 
Freed, Henry 
Feather, Emanuel 
Fenstemacher, Jolm 
Grcenwold, Simon 
Geiger, J. H. 
Quartier, Henry 
Good, John 
Homan, Amos 
Homan, Thomas 
Hepler, C. R. 
Hummel, Jacob 
Houk, C. Y. 
Hummel, John 



What Was Done in 1863. 



275 



Company F, Thirty-ninth Regiment — Continued. 



Hummel, Henry 

Heiser, Edward 

Hess Frederick 

Hendricks, Sassaman 

Hesser, C. F. 

Heisler, Lewis 

Irvin, Pvolbert 
-Krown, Edwin ^ 

Koch, William J. 

Knarr, Isaac 

Kantner, P. P. 

Kantner, A. W. 

Kauffman, Charles 

Moody, W. F. 

Martz, S. G. W. 

Martz, John 

Moyer, Harrison 

Moyer, Michael 

Neiheeser, William 

Neiman, Benjamin 

Packson, Isaac 

Palsgrove, C. B. 

Quinter, Henry 

Reed, W. L. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Privates, . _ _ 

Total, - 



Ileibsaamer, Isaac 
Reeger, Charles 
Reed, A. J. 
Reed, Franklin 
SchuUz, S. S. 
Seyiert, Isaac 
Schultz, Charles 
Saylor, Morgan S. 
Seiger, Augustus 
Schadel, William 
Spindler, Christian 
Stitzer, William F. 
Sullivan, Daniel 
Simons, Harrison 
Stauffer, Isaac 
Saylor, J. S. 
Schwenk, J. R. 
Strieker, Albert 
Sheep, George IL 
Saylor, J. R. 
Snyder, Adam 
Utz, George 
Ullmer, G. H. 
Wise, Franklin 

- 8 
13 

- 2 
84 



105 



COMPANY a. 

Cfep^am— MICHAEL MOLL. 
1st Lieut. — Hamilton II. Bailey. 
2d Limt. — YfiLLiAM H. Sciiall. 
1st Sergeant — H. W. Pinkebton. 
2d " P. Wertley. 

3 J " John Pugii. 

^th " George English. 

bth " Joseph Dixon. 

1st Corporal — Isaac D. Lehman. 
2d " Alexander TiiOMrsoN. 

2,d «' S. G. S. Zerbe. 

4,th " Lorenzo Reinceld. 

bth *' Robert Angus. 

(jth " Lewis W. Heil. 

Ith " Robert Moyer. 

^th "' John Schall. 

Musicians — John F. Miller. 
" James Souser. 

PRIVATES: 

Artman, Nathan Angus, Henry 

Adams, Henry Allen, Charles 



276 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Company G-, Thirty-ninth Regiment — Continued. 



Bolby, F. K. 
Boone, Franklin 
Bensinger, Gabriel 
Brenly, Charles 
Bohman, John 
Buehler, George 
Brown, J. W. B. 
Douglass, Archibald 
Eckel, Aaron 
English, William 
Ege, H. J. 
Farch, Christian 
Farch, Henry 
Focht, Hiram 
Fritz, William 
Fulmer, W. E. 
Hatter, Jacob 
Hand, B. W. 
Hauser, David. 
Kantner, John 
Klevenstein, George 
Ketner, John E. 
Ketner, David 
Kremer, Samuel 
Lawer, Nicholas 
Leiby, Jonathan 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, . . - 



Mellon, Henry 
Miller. David 
Miller, Albert 
Minnich, John W, 
O'Neal, Edwin 
Orwig, J. K. P. 
Pritcherd, Thomas 
Pritcherd, John 
Pelton, W. F. 
Pinkerton, George A. 
Pelt, James L. 
Eumberger, D. 
Roehrig. G. B. 
Reigle, S. A. 
Sheafer, George 
Seifert, John 
Schantz, John 
Stanner, Jeremiah 
Smith, Emanuel 
Smith, Felix 
Snaybeger, J, N. B. 
Umholtz, Charles 
Umholtz, Augustus 
Watson, Joseph 
Woollis, Willoughby 
Yeager, Edward 

- 3 
13 

. 2 
- - - 50 



Total, 



to 



COMPANY H. 

Ca/>^am— JOHN W. BARE. 
1st Lieut. — David P. Thompson. 
Id Lieut. — William Lerch, Jr. 
1st Sergeant — Philip Keeley. 



'Id 


It 


Abraham Mengle. 


Sd 


u 


James M. Rohrer. 


4th 


It 


Caleb Wheeler. 


^th 


a 


James W. Neall. 


1st ( 


(Corporal — George Miller. 


2d 


it 


George W. Thompson 


M 


(( 


Jacob Snyder. 


4th 


<< 


Theophilus Lewis. 


bth 


(( 


James T. Kendall. 


Qth 


' (i 


Joshua Stees. 


1th 


(( 


William Shirk. 


Sth 


it 


Tillman Miller. 


Musicians- 


-John Jones. 




it 


Andrew Snyder. 



What Was Done in 1863. 



277 



Ck)MPANY H, Thirty-ninth Regiment- 

PRIVATES : 



Continued. 



Achenbacb, Daniel 
Alvord, Frederick 
Baylor, Daniel 
Bretz, Michael 
Bartels, Rudolph 
Benjamin, Theophilus 
Barr, John 
Bonawitz, John, Jri 
Brown, Frederick 
Brenner, David 
Clark, Samuel 
Davis, John 
Duffy, Michael 
Evans, William 
Faust, Henry 
Fegley, John 
Fuller, James 
Feller, Adam 
Goodman, William 
Gammel, James 
Hetlricks, John 
Hed ricks, Samuel 
Harvey, William 
Huber, Andrew J. 
Huber, Francis 
Huber, Jacob 
Hughes, William 
Hontz, Benneville 
Hand, Isaac 
Hummel, John 
Hain, Henry C. 
James, Benjamin 
Knapp, Nelson 
Keeney, George 
Keeney, Samuel 
Kyle, William 

Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, . . . 

tTotal, - 



Knipe, Ephraim 
Lewis, David 
Lewis, Ed. 
Miller, Peter 
Miller, Jonathan 
Manwiller, Aug. B. 
Morgan, Thomas 
McClellan, George 
Moyer, Henry D. 
Noll, George 
Ney, John 
Phillips, Arjftbibald 
Phillips, William 
Parry, William 
Reed, And. J. 
Reed, Daniel 
Ream, Israel 
Row, Henry 
Rump, Peter 
Rehrer, Jacob 
Rahn, Jacob 
Reese, Jacob 
Roger, William 
Shertle, Ed. A. 
Stahl, George B. 
Spaetzer, Francis 
Thomas, David 
Treon, Isaac 
Thompson, William W. 
Updegrove, John 
IJpdegrove, Jacob 
Updegrove,. Daniel 
Wolf, John 
Wolf, Jacob 
Wolf, Peter 
White, Robert 

- 8 
13 

- 2 
72 

- 90 



COMPANY K. 

Cop^am— SAMUEL RICHARDS. 
\st Lieut. — Isaac P. Chalfant. 
2f? Lieut. — David A, Jones. 
1st Seryeani — John S. Silver. 
2d " John Taylok. 

8c? " James Manning. 

Atli " Robert Doak. 



278 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Company K; Thirty-ninth Eegiment — Continued. 

bth Sergeant — Matthias Ault. 
\st Corporal — Michael Mohan. 



Id 


' Joseph Morgan. 


Zd 


William Cannan. 


4th 


Richard P. H. Philips 


bth 


Augustus Kutz. 


Gth 


John Parry. 


1th 


Thomas Rhoads. 


8th 


Joseph Fisher. 


Musicians — C. C. Cakter. 




Charles Glenn. 



PRIVATES: 



Austj, Philip 
Beach, James G. 
Bedford, Charles 
Bowman, John 
Brace, Benjamin 
Bradley, "William 
Conherj, xVrthiir 
Cutler, Richard 
Daniell, William P. 
Davis, -John 
Davis, Ilenr^' J. 
Deitrich, Lewis 
Davis, Thomas 
Davis, David 
Davis, Johii D. 
Davis, Jeukin 
DreiTbelbeis, Daniel Y. 
Dunn, John 
Evans, .John 
Edmonds, Henry 
J'vUt, Charles 
Edwards, Edward 
Edwards, .John 
Furman, Joseph Ts. 
Francis, Richard 
Grigg, William 
Geiger, James 
Gurley, William 
Gabert, Henry 
Gibbs, -John 
Goldsunthy, Thomas 
Heisler, Israel 
Heisler, Franklin 
Hancock, David 
Howells, William 
Hutton, .James G. 
Houser, Amos 
Jones, Edward 
Jefferson, .Joseph 
James. William 



Jones, David 
Jenkins, Isaac 
Jefferson, Robert 
Jones, John T. 
Kauffmatt, Luther S. 
Kear, Charles 
Knight, James 
Kear, Isaac N, 
Lewis, John W. 
Loeser, J. Washington 
Merkle, Gideon 
Merkle, Philip 
Miles, William 
Morris, David 
Morgan, Evan 
Montgomery, John 
Morris, William 
Morris, George 
Parr}', David 
Powell, David 
Phelps, John 
Rogers, Thomas C. 
Roerig, George 
Reese, John J, 
Raker, Jacob 
Reese, John 
Ridley, George 
Sterner, Winfield S. 
Shissler, Edward L. 
Shellenberger, Abm 
Stager, Abm 
Snyder, Jacob 
Turner, Edward H. 
Thomas, William G. 
Thomas, John M. 
Witman, Augustus H. 
Woolcock, John 
Williams, Abenezer 
Wentzel, H. L. 
Williams, George 



What Was Done in 1863. 270 



Company K, Thirty-ninth Regiment — -Continued. 

Commissioned Officers, - - - - 3 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - 13 
Musicians, -------2 

Privates, -- - -'- - - 80 

Total, 98 

KECAPITULATION. 

Field Officers, 2 

Line Commissioned Officers, - _ _ ^7. 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - 118 

Musicians, -- - - - - -18 

Privates, 617 

Grand total, 782 



FIFTY-THIRD REGIMENT, P. V. M. 

Colonel— II. C. ROYER. 
Lieut.- Colonel — James J. Connor. 
, Major — James Ellis. 

Adjutant — Israel C. Becker. 
Quartermaster — Jeremiah C. Bitting. 

This Regiment^ during its term of service, was stationed &t 
Reading, Pa. 

The muster-rolls of the Schuylkill County companies are as fbi- 
lows : 

COMPANY C. 

Captain— L. P. GARNER. 
1st Lieut. — Isaac Burkhardt. 
2d LAeut. — Patrick Collier. 
1st Sergeant — J. E. Wilson. 
2d V " John CovfAN. 

3f? " Charles Comxer, Jr. 

4^/i *' G. H. Fetterman. 

bth " Martin Devlin. 

1st Corporal — Patrick Collohan. 
2d " Michael Igo. 

3f? *' EusEBius Meyer. 

4^/i " Andrew Geary. 

^th *' Benjamin Dreisback. 

Q)th " Benjamin H. Kupp. 

1th " Michael Horan. 

8^/t " Michael Farrell. 

Musicians — Evan Thomas. 

Tobias Whitma'n. 
Wagoner — John H. Dov^ning. 

PRIVATES : 
Buck-waiter, Rowland Britt, Henry 

Budd, Charles B. Brennan, John 

Burchiield, William H. Brassel, James 

Boyer, Elias Conner, John C. 



280 



What Was Done in 1863. 



QOMPANY C; FiFTY-TUIRD REGIMENT, P. V. M. — OontlWJ^d. 



Castle, Jerome 

Conner, James H. 

Convoy, James 

Chester, Joseph 

Connei% Charles 

Convoy, Thomas 

Canavin, William 

Coby, Silas 

Donohoe, Michael 

Dryden, Wetherill 

Donohoe, John 

Deitsch, Henry 

Deiner, Christian 

Duffy, Barney 

Delany, Joseph 

Evans, Thomas 

Foeller, John 

Fiest, Joseph 

Fleigel, Barnard 

Ferguson, Patrick F, 

Fahringer, Isaac 

Farrell, Patrick 

Gallagher, A. J. 

Garner, Louis M. 

Garner, Louis H. 

Garner, Joseph W. 

Gallagher, Michael 

Gerraghty, James 

Grady, Thomas 

Hays, Jordan C. 

Houseman, Nicholas 

Harman, Lawrence 

Hoffman, David 

Horn, Joseph 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Wagoner, _ - - 

Privates, 

Total, 



Hetherington, James 
Keller, Adam 
Keegan, Charles 
Kane, Patrick 
Kennedy, James 
Lamb, John 
Miller, Hugh 
Monaghan, Anthony 
Monaghan, Peter 
Meimer. Franklin 
Martz, Cornelius 
Martz, Charles 
"xdcGonnigal, Peter 
Monaghan, Stephen 
Mullarky, Rodger 
Naughten, John 
Paul, Henry 
Quill, Joseph 
Quill, Philip 
Ross, George 
Ross, William 
Ross, Thomas 
Sullivan, William 
Seitzinger, Charles A. 
Smith, Charles 
Silver, John 
Tinghe, Michael 
Tobias, Calvin 
Thomas, Samuel 
Vanhorn, Reuben 
Wilson, William 
Walters, Thomas 
Yocum, John J. 

- 3 
13 

. 2 
1 

- 75 

94 



COMPANY F. 

Captain— Q. DOUGHERTY. 
1st Lieut. — C. W. Dengler. 
2d Lieut. — Peter White. 
1st Sergeant — P. Dress. 



2d 


JOHN McTaGUE. 


Sd 


Jambs McAree. 


4th "■ 


James Fee. 


6th " 


George Armold 


1st Corporal- 


—Frank Lovell. 



What Was Done in 1863. 



281 



Company P, Fifty-third Kegiment, P. V. M, — ContlnueiL 

2d Corporal — Patrick Smith. 



Zd 


J, G. 


Hoffman. 


4th 


W. J. 


Wright. 


hth 


<^ W. B. 


Detrick. 


eth 


<* Neal 


Con AWAY. 


1th 


<« Daniel Hagner. 


8th 


<' James 


Braicifield, 


Musicians— Willi AU Brobst. 




Patrick 


: Reiley. 




PRIVATES: 


Breinig, John 




Kromell, George 


Brennan, Thorn 




Luckingbill, Henry 


Coligan, Anthony 




Larkin, Thomas 


Curry, Patrick 




Leibey, William 


Cavanough, James 




Lee, William 


Cassedy, Thomas 




Miller, Christopher 


Dress, G. W. 




Miller, E. B. 


Dillman, Jacob 




Moyer, William 


Dillen, Patrick 




Mantin, Murphy 


Dendt, Christopher 




McQuone, George 


Dominick, Biirk 




McBride, George 


Pertig, Mahlon 




McGone, John 


Fertig, J. W. 




Noland, Philip 


Grimm, Henry 




Nolan. Patrick 


Glover, William 




Quinn, James 


Gonger, J. 




. Reiley, Alfred 


Grimes, James 




Reese, Samuel 


Hagerty, Frank 




Reifsnyder, William 


Heiser, William 




Snyder, Paul 


Hudson, Henry 




Sweeney, John 


Hughes, Patrick 




. Walsh, William 


Hagner, Henry 




Yeager, Frank 


Kramer, Ephraim 






Commissioned 


Officers,, 


>> 
- •■ - - .J 


Non-commissioned Officers, 


13 


Musicians, - 


- 


- - ? - 2 


Privates, 


- 


45 


Total, ^ 


- 


- 68 



COMPANY H. 

Captain— 'E. BENSINGER. 
1st Lieut. — James I. Lake. 
2d Lieut. — Henry Leam. 
1*^ Sergeant — Franklin Bensinger. 
2c? " Joseph Levy. 

3c? " Levi Knabb. 

4th " Joshua Payne. 

^th " Edward T. Burke. 

1st Corporal — Evan Evans. 
2c? " George Bevan. 

8c? << William F. Bensinger. 

4th "• Nicholas P. Brennan. 

24 



282 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Company H; Fifty-third Regiment-— Cmtinued, 

PRIVATES; 



Bftucroft, Alfred 

Brook, John 

Davis, Thomas 

Evans, David 

Farrell, John" 

Golling, Richard 

Geneal, Jacob G. 

Grant, Charles H, 

Hookey, Samuel 

Henry, Edwards 

Hartman, Charles 

Jones, EdT7:ard 

Jenkins, Thomas 

Jones, Thomas 

Jones, John 

Lee, Martin 

Learn, Thomas 

Linseymoyer, Nimrod 

Murphy, William 

Millett, George 

Morgan, Thomas 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned OfHcers, 
Privates, - . . 



Narry, Anthony 
Oswald, John 
Powell, Samuel 
Peters, John 
Queeny, Frank 
Rice, William 
Raber, Jonas 
Eeeso, Benjamin 
Raber, Peter 
Samuels, Lewis 
Siraraons, Thomaa 
Smith, John 
'8pootg|, Alfred 
Sager, Martin 
Seitzinger, Erastus B. 
Samuels, John 
Thomas, William 
Williams, William 
Weber, David 
Walker, William 
Yommes, John 

- 3 
9 

- A'2 



Total, 



64 



COMPANY I. 

Capfain— THOMAS QUIRK. 
1st Lieut. — John P. Bowers. 
2d Lieut. — James Mara. 
1st Sergeant — John N. McBabron. 
2d " James T. McKenna. 

3c? '♦ William F. Lee. 

4/^ «* William James. 

bth •' Edward Rating. 

1st Corporal — George Kehr. 
2d '* William Barry. 

3f/ ** Benjamin Evans. 

4/A " Thomas Rating. 

hth " Thomas Nash. 

%th " David T. Brown. 

1th '* John Moore. 

^th «« William Kkllt. 

Musiciajt^ — Frank Henry. 
John Kramer. 



PRIVATES 



Brennan, Edward 
Brennan, Richard 
Boyle, Patrick 
Boyle, John 



Brennan, William 
Barnes, Uriah 
Carr, Frank 
Cantield, Thomaa 



What Was Done in 1863. 



283 



Company I, Fifty-third Regimen 

Carlin, John 

Dunn, Charles 

Delany, Martin 

Dorau, James 

Dudley, Richard 

Duffy, John P. 

Flinn, Henry 

Gluntz, Henry 

Grady, Patrick 

Gallagher, John 

Hays, Lawrence 

Hagarty, John 

Hartigan, Patrick 

flaiTigan, John 

Hughes, James 

Hays, John 

Hagerty, James 

Kelly, John 

Karr, Robert 

Lynch, James 

Lynch, John 

Little, George 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - - 
Privates, . . - 



T — Continued. 

Uttle, Patrick^ 
Lloyd, George 
Lloyd, Edmond 
Lee, Dennis 
Moran, Michael 
Melloy, Patrick 
McGlone, Pa-trick 
Murray, Anthony 
McGowan, Bai'tholomew 
Maginnis, Edv^ard 
Mullarky, Michael 
Powers, Nicholas 
Sloe, Edward 
Fteady, Thomas 
Ragan, John 
Roch, Edward 
Stevenson, Samuel 
Walsh, Patrick 
Williams, John 
Williams, A. B. 
Walsh, John 
Maginnis, E. B. 

- S 
13 

. 2 
52 



Total, - - - - - 

EECAPITULATIOX. 

Field Officers, - - - - 
Commissioned Line Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, - 
Musicians, - - . - . 

Wagoners, . ^ - - - 
Privates, - . - - - 

Total, . - - . 

GRAND BECAPITL'LATION. 

Twenty-seventh Regiment, 
Thirty-ninth Regiment, 
Fifty-third Regiment, 

Grand total, - - - - 



70 



12 

- 48 

6 

- 1 
214 

284 

510 
782 

284 

1,576 



DEATHS IN THIS SERVICE. 

Emanuel Raush, Co. Gr, Twenty-seventh Regiment^ died ia 
Academy Hospital; Chambersburg, on the 26th of July, of typhoid 
fever. 

Samuel Evans^ Co. I^ Twenty-seventh Regiment; died ia the 
same hospital on the 4th of August. 



2>t4 What Was Done in 1863. 

Charles Bedford, a member of the Thirty-ninth Regiment, died 
m Chambersburg, on the 1st of August, of typhoid fever. 

Lieut. Edward Mullen, Fifty-third Regiment, died Sept. 14. 

Henry Fulman, Co. Gr, Thirty-ninth Regiment, died Sept. 15^ 
')f disease contracted during '' emergency.'' 

Charles K. Esterly, Co. C, Twenty-seventh Regiment, died 
Sept. 25, of disease contracted during ^^ emergency." 



THE DRAFT OF 1863. 

In July, I860, President Lincoln issued a proclamation order- 
ing a draft for five hundred thousand men to fill up the armies o 
the Union. 

The draft for the Tenth District, composed of Schuylkill and 
Lebanon counties, commenced in Pottsville on Wednesday, Sept. 
28d. 1863. The drawing was done by a blind man named Wil- 
liam Doubert, of Schuylkill Haven, Schuylkill County. The draft- 
ing-box was on a table on a platform, placed in full view of the 
j'pectators, adjoining the Provost Marshal's office. The commit- 
tee of citizens invited to be present, were Samuel Huntzingery 
William F. Mortimer, Robert F. Weaver. Hon. Strange I^'. 
Palmer, Hon. Solomon Foster, J. Franklin Harris, Oliver Dob- 
,>ion, Daniel H. Leib, and Jacob Kohler. 

The draft was made in the following manner : The Deputy 
3Iarshal, John M. Mark, of Lebanon County, turned the wheel, 
and the blind man drew the names out. The latter passed them 
over to the Commissioner, John H. Kinportz, of Lebanon, wha 
read the names, the clerk at the same time entering them in a 
hwk. 

The drawing took place in the order of sub-districts laid down^ 
jiBd the number of names drawn for Schuylkill County was 3,334^ 

DRAFTED MEN WHO ENTERED THE SERVICE. 
The following is a list of the names of drafted men who entered 
the service : 

Blakeley, John Craney, John 

Boyer, John ^ Cartwright, Jr., Jacob 

Blew, Charles H. " Campbell, Owen 

Brininzer, Jacob Clark, Piitrick 

Becker, John . Collier, William H. 

Bretr, Daniel Cosgrove, Edward P. 



What Was Donb in 1863. 



285 



Drafted Men who Enterkd the Service — Continued. 



Canfield, Michael 
Dulivant, Patrick 
Deiner, Martin 
Dry, Mordecai 
Front, Washington 
Gorman, Malachi 
Gibson, Franklin 
Gangwall, R. 
Geiger, John 
Garber, John 
Gea4-y, James 
Hagerty, James 
Haflshafer, Jaco\) 
Henderson, Charles 
Jones, John 
Jones, John 
Kline, John 
Klauser, Peter 
Kessinger, Solomon 
Kelly, Christopher 
Klingeman, Jacob 
Knobelock, Ciirigtian 
LaTvrence, Isaac 
Lich, George 
Long, Andrew 
Little, George 
Mennig, Edward 
Murray, Martin 
Mills, William 
McKeever, William 
Mover, George D. 



Miller, Jonathan 

McKeon, James 

Murray, James 

Neiheiser, William 

O'Hara, John 

Purcill. Patrick 

Pvupert, John S. 

Rabewold, Michael 

Reichard, Michael 

Pveed, William L. 

Seitzinger, Henry 

Shelian, Michael 

Snyder, Charles W. 

Snyder, Charles 

Shingler, John 

Snowdcn, Martin- - 

Swcnk, Henry 

Searls, Nelson (colov(^<i i 

Smith, Jonathan 

Smith, Patrick 

Shirk, William 

Snyder, Jacob 

Tierny, Stephen 

Trainer, Charles 

Weller, William 

Wilson, Charles 

Ward, V/illiam 

Whetstone, P. G. (enllired 

prior to draft.) 
"Williams, John 

Total, - - 72. 



DRAFTED MEN WHO FURNISHED SUBSTITUTES, 
The followin^r is a list of tlie* names of drafted men who fur- 



nighed substitutes : 

Achenbach, William 
Achenbach, William 
Adams, Daniel D. 
Aley, Abraham 
Albright, Charles 
Alspach, Lewis 
Allen, Jr., George 
Allspach, Henry 
Battesby, John 
Barder, George 
Baltenweg, Frederick 
Baker. Thomas 
Baldy, Peter R. 
Bachert, William 
Banker, John 
Bachert, William M. 
Barrang, Jacob 



24* 



Batdorf, John P, 
Bannan, Francis C 
Bast, Jeremiah 
Bahm, Benjamin 
Barrall, Daniel G. 
Berner, Ludwig 
Beltz, George 
Berger, Daniel 
Berger, Isaac 5 
Berger, Harrison 
Berkhciser, Henry D. 
Becker, Joseph 
Becker, David 
Berry, John 
Berger, Levi 
Berger, William 
Beattj, James B. 



28S 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Drafted Men who furnished 

Beabilheimer, Charles 
Bishop, Conrad 
BoAve, Banks 
Boe, Daniel 
Bowers, Henry 
Dosby shell, Charles A. 
Bobsi, Henry C. 
Bortzel, Peter 
Boyd, Thomas 
Bordy, Jr., Joseph 
Boyer, Benjamin 
Boyer, Samuel C. 
Boyer, Irwin 
Bright, Joseph F. 
Brooks, Edward 
Bryrtnt, John 
Breese, Hamilton 
Brausc, George 
Bradley, John 
Bretz, Benjamin 
Brummer, Lewis H. 
Brumner, David 
Breisch, Adam 
Brcisch, Henry 
B'reinerd, iSolomon 
Brown, William 
Brown, Peter 
Brown, Joseph 
Brown, Michael 
Buck, Henry 

Buck, Jacob 
Burk, Gannon 

Burns, Wiiliaia 

Burns, Andrew* 
Butler, James 

Burger, Henry S. 

Burkort, Elijah P. 

Byersmith, Joseph 

Byerly, William 

Tain, Edward 

Carter, Frank 

Caughlin, John 

Carey, Michael 

Carty, James 
I Carroll, John 

Christ, John H. 

Chrisman, B. 8. 

Clay, John 

Clemens, David 

Clauer, Jacob 

Coyne, Thomas 

Coonan, Edward 

Collahan, Thomas 

Collahan, Patrick 



Substitutes — Contijiucd. 

Collahan, Thomas 
Coleman, John 
Conrad, F. W. 
Collins, Peter 
Coughlin, John 
Conner, Michael 
Conner, Jr., Thomas 
Corcoran, Michael 
Confer, Jacob 
Conniff, Patrick 
Cox, Benjamin 
Curran, James 
Curry, Thomas 
Camraings, B. F. 
Daubert, Franklin 
Davis, Robert B. 
Davi^, Ebenezer 
Dengler, Charles 
Dewald, George 
Dewald, William 
Dotweiler, Peter C. 
Deibert, John 
Denter, George 
DeTurk, Samuel G. 
Dice. John 
Dindinger, Henry J. 
Dillen, "Patrick 
Doherty, Michael 
Dolan, Thomas 
Dolan, Michael 
Downing, Henry 
Don elm e, W. W. 
Donaldson, John 
Dorau, Patrick 
Dooling, Patrick 
Drnmlieller, Linery 
Dress, George 
Dress, IMichael 
Dreibel, Albert 
Dutfy, Thomas 
Dudley, Benjamin 
Dundore, Levi 
Dunn, Robert 
Dunn, Owen 
Easton, Robert 
Eberly, Valentine 
Ebling, Albert 
Ebling, Thomas 
Eckroth, Solomon 
Eckel, Albert D. 
Edmonds. Henry 
Eiler, Frank 
Eiler, Charles - 
Eldringham, Mathias 



What Was Done in 1863. 



287 



Drafted Men who furnished Substitutes — Continue J. 



Enis, Robert 
Erb, Joseph 
Evans, John 
Evans, John 
Fahl, James 
Fahl, Jonas 
Fahl, Joseph 
Fahl, David 
Faust, Charles 
Faiss, Andrew 
Farrell, John 
Feahrer, Franz 
Fetherolf, Daniel 
Ferry, John 
Fegley, Daniel 
Fey, Conrad 
Fisher, John 
Fister, James If. 
Fisk, Pliny 
Finnegan, Patrick 
Finnegan, Patrick 
Fidler, Richard 
Fidler, George 
Field, Levi 
Flynn, Patrick 
Flanagan, Peter ^ 

Flanigan, James 
Fox, C. A. 
Ford, Patrick . 
Foeller, John » 
Frantz. Henry 
Fry, "William 
Frederick, Michael 
Freed, George 
Frederici, Edwin 
Fritz, David 
Fulmer, Charles 
• Furgeson, Thomas 
Ganger, Joseph 
Gaugler, John 
Garis, Philip 
Gehrcs, John F. 
German, John 
Gillingham, Joseph If. 
Gildner, John 
Glover, James 
Glover, Robert A. 
Gordon, George W. 
Gordon, William 
Gowen, Franklin B. 
Gorman, Patrick 
Gray, Jr., James 
Gross, Aaron 
Gross, Charles 



Grouse, Samuel 
Gressle, Matthias 
Grimes, Edward 
Griffith, I'homas 
Gunderman, William 
Guldin, Michael 
Guldner, William 
llassel, Charles 
Haldeman, John 
Hain, David 
Hammer, Christian 
Haeseler, Francis 
Hagner, William 
Haldeman, Gideon 
Hauser, Jolm G, 
Harbig, Conrad 
Hetherington, Thomas 
Heisler, Lewis 
Heisler, Franklin 
Heiter, William .S. 
Heim, George L. 
Hein, Jonas 
Henderson, James 
Hill, Charles M. 
Hill, John 
Horan, James 
Houser, Nathan 
Houser, Noah 
Hohan, Peter 
Holshoe, Josiah 
Hopkins, Jolm 
Hofl'man, Francis 
Hoifman, Thomas 
Hoffman, John 
Hutton, William 
Honaker, Christopher 
Houtz, Reuben 
Horning, Washington 
Howard, Benjamin 
Huntsinger, Paul J. 
Hunt zinger, William 
Hufnagle, Silas 
Huhn, [lenry 
Impehweiler, Lorcnz 
James, John R. 
Jeffries, Samuel 
John, Francis 
Johnson, Robert 
Jones, Samuel 
Jones, Richard 
Jungkurth, Ernst 
Karcher, Josiah H. 
Kalb, Jacob 
Keilraan, Georo-c 



2S8 



What Was Done^ in 1863. 



Drafted Men who furnished Substitutes — Continued. 



Kerschncr, William 
Keller, Cliri.stinn 
Kelley, Daniel 
Kelly, Michael 
Kelly John 
Kessler, Charles 
Kennig-, Patrick 
Kennedy, Peter 
Kennedy, Charles 
Kennedy, Reuben 
Kershner, Frank 
Kiefer, Edward 
Kintzle, Thomas'H. B. 
Kintzle, George W, 
Kintzle, Henry B. 
Klinger, Alexander 
Klock, Jacob 
Kleckner, Solomon 
Kline, John 
Knapp, George 
Koch, John 
Koch, Henry 
Kolb, Philip 
Kopp, John 
Koenig, Samuel M. 
Koehnig, Jr., Samuel 
Krell, Peter 
Kramer, William A. 
Kramer, Adam 
Krauser, Daniel H. 
Krebs, Andrew 
Kramer, Jacob 
Landig, Jr., Jacob 
Lautenbacher, Charle' 
Langton, Peter 
Larkin, James 
Lawrence, Frank C. 
Lewis, Jr., John 
Leffler, Samuel 
Lessig, James B. 
Lewis, George F. 
Leopold, A. 
Leddy, Mark 
Liddle, David 
Lilly, Oliver W. 
Link, Paul 
Lill, Jacob 
Lloyd, Jr., William 
Lloyd, Henry 
Longacre, David S. 
Longabauch, Samuel 
Lookenbill, Reuben 
Lorah, John 
Luckin?. John 



Lusch, Nicholas 
Lutz, Simpson 
Luckenbill, William 
Martz, Solomon 
Martz, Daniel F. 
Matz, John B. 
Mayberr^^ William 
Mayberry, Emanuel 
Mason, William 
Mattern, Charles 
Maurer, Lewis 
Mauger, George K. 
McAdams, Frank 

'"McArdle, Bernard 
McConnel, James 
McConuel, James 
McCormick, Patrick 
McCormick, Thomas 
McCulIogh, Patrick 
McCabe, John 
McCano, Patrick 
McCarty, William 
McCanley, Neal 
McDonald, Allen 
McGovern. Philip 
McGovern, John 

McGuig4in, Patrick 

McHugh, John 
McKnowles, George 

McWilliams, Daniel 

Meehan, John 

Meisberger, Michael 

Mfcck, Charles 

]Meck, Samuel 

Medlar, Morgan F. 

Mcngle, Nathan 

!Merrick. Jr., Michael 

Merrick. Anthony 

Miller, William 

Miller, Daniel 

Miller, Benjamin 

Miller, Simon 

Millroy, Michael 

Minsker, Benjamin 

Milnes. Jr., William 

Mitchell, Samuel 

Morris, Daniel 

Morris, Henry 

Moran, Robert 

Moran, Patrick 

Mohan, John 

Morgan, Jacob 

Moll, William F. 

Moorhcad, Alexand&r 



What Was Done in 1863. 



289 



I>aAFTED Men who furnished Substitutes — Continued, 



Momberger, Charles 
Moyer, Franklin 
Moyer, Morgan 
Moyer, Joseph 
Moyer, Lewis 
Moyer, Enoch 
Moyer, George 
Moyer, Lewis 
Mull, Michael 
Murray, Jeremiah B. 
Murphy, Franklin 
Munday, James 
Mullen, John 
Mullen, Hugh 
Naughton, Patrick 
Ney, John 
Neifert, Joseph 
Nichter, John F. 
Nolan, Michael 
Nolan, James 
Obenhaus, Daniel 
Ohl, Edward 
Orth, Ernst 
Ordway, C. J. P. 
Oschman, William 
Overfield, Charles 
Osawald, Peter 
Osman, Eregood J. 
O'Brian, Edward 
O'Brian, Matthew 
O'Bryan, William 
O'Connors, Patrick 
0'Donnel,.Hugh 
O'Donnell, Bernard 
O'Neal, Michael 
Paxson, George 
Parvin, William J. 
Palsgrove, James 
Patterson, Thomas L. 
Peale, Edward 
Peifer, Levi 
Philips, William 
Phillips, David 
Phillips, Robert 
Plappert, Ignotz 
Potsdamer, Tobias 
Portzel, Andrew 
Presman, Joseph 
• Price, J. F. 
Purcell, Richard 
Querin, Peter 
Raudenbush, Henry 
Randall, W. M. 
Raber, Nicholas 



Raudenbush, Joshua 
Rattigan, Daniel 
Repp, Henry 
Remely, Thomas 
Reich, George 
Reber, Benneville 
Reichard, Aaron 
Reigel, Josliua 
Reichelderfer, Roland 
Reigel, Jacob 
Reed, Solomon 
Reynolds Patrick 
Rehrer, James 
Rhoads, William S. 
Rich, Cliflford 
Richards, Henry 
Richard Charles 
Rickert, John R. 
Ridgway, D. J. 
Rogers, John 
Rogers, Thomas ,C. 
Rodgers, James R. 
Roan, John 
Rosser, Henry 
Roehrig, Charles 
Rump,'^John 
Rudy, William. B. 
Saylor, Charles P. 
Saylor, 0. L. 
Sassaman, William 
Schuey, Levi 
Schaaf, Joseph 
Schnell, George 
Schuyler, Benjamin 
Schriner, John 
Schock, Adam 
Schugar, John 
Schwenk, Joseph 
Schwenk, Daniel 
Seltzer, William 
Seltzer, Francis 
Shock, Jacob B, 
Shivelhut, Leonard 
Shoener. John 
Sharp, Hugh 
Shields, Hugh 
Sholley, John 
Shadle, John 
Shettleworth, Joseph 
Shollenberger, B. V. 
ShaeflFer, George 
Shellhammer, Samuel 
Shoemaker, Samuel 
Shoener, Charles F. 



290 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Drafted Men who furnished Substitutes — Continued. 



Shaeffer, Thomas 
Shappell, James 
Shultz, Bnlzer 
^attery, Francis 
ST^'-, William - 
Smith, William B. 
Smith, Gordon 
Smith, Martin 
Smith, Thomas 
Smith, George A. 
Smolleitz, Peter 
Snydei', Baird 
Sotzin, William 
Sortman, Henry 
Spacht, John 
SteigerTraid, 11. D, 
Stephenson, Micha&l 
Sterner, Jeremiah H. 
Sterner, Henry 
Staller, Daniel 
Stephens, Jolm R. 
Stout, James 
Steaf, Michael 
Stahl, George 
Stutzman, John 
Stine, Jonas S. 
Stein, Daniel 
Sweeny, Hugh 
Swasey, Clark 
Teter, Benjamin 
Thompson, Louis C. 
Treibley, William 
Trout, Jacob 
Tracy, Henry W. 
Trezise, Walter 
Ulrich, Nicholas 
Vardy, William 
Vastine, Rufus 
Van Horn, Reuben 
Voute, William JP. 
Vollman, Philip 
Volk, Christian 
Wadlinger, John 
Walters, William 
Walter, Jacob 
Walsh, Thomas 



Wagner, Valentine 
Wagner, Thomas 
Wagner, Andrew 
Wagner, (-harles 
Watkins, Thomas 
Waldner, Adam 
Wertley, Philip 
Wetzel, D. S. 
Wentzel, 3eorge 
Welder, Peter 
Weiler, Daniel L. 
Weiss, Joseph 
Welsh, Ja,mes 
'"VVeihing, John 
Weimar. Ephraim 
Whitty,'john 
White, Peter 
Whitney, Frank 
Wise, Francis K. 
Wilk, Benjamin M. 
Wommcr, Jacob 
Wolff, Rev D. W. 
Wortz, Philip 
Wood, Joseph 
Woodnutt, Charles 
Wormkessel, Daniel 
Wolff, Wallace W. 
Woster, Henry 
Wren, Hale 
Wright, Thomas F. 
Yost, Charles 
Yost. Samuel M. 
Yoder, William L. 
Yocum, John IJ. 
Zimmerman, William 
Zimmerman, William 
Zimmerman, William L. 
Zimmerman, John 8. 
Zimmerman, Joseph 
Zimmerman, George 
Zimmerman, J. M. 
Zimmerman, Henry 
Zehner, Charles 
Zehner, David 

Total, - - 666 



DRAFTED MEN WHO PAID COMMUTATION. 
The following is a list of the names of drafted men who paid 
commutation : 



Ackerman, Clement 
Albright, Thomas 



Caldwell, William 
Canfield, Thomas 



What Was Done in 1863. 



291 



Drafted Men who paid Commutation — Continued. 



Applegate, Joseph J. 
Athanothol, Jacob 
Artz, Aaroil 
Artz, Moses 
Artz, Edward 
Buckley, William 
Boltz, Levi 
Brown, Fred. J, 
Brown, William 
Brown, David 
Bretz, John 
Burke, John 
Blew, Edward 
Banker, Lewis 
Bachus, Israel 
Boyd, James 
Banev, George 
Billraan, Thomas 
Billman, Daniol 
Beak, INIoses 
Becker, Elias 
Barr, Moses ^ 
Barr, Percival 
Barr, Solomon 
Barr, Gideon 
Berger, William 
Berger, Reuben S. 
Barthels, Felix 
Brosine, Henry J.-K. 
Brennan, Thomas 
Brennan, Andrew 
Brennan, Patrick 
Bancroft, Thomas B. 
Burns, Joseph 
Bolig, Joseph 
Bierman, Philip 
Bester, Christian 
Bowman, Christian 
Britt, Edward 
Bebham, Peter 
Battinger, John 
Boyle, John 
Bind, Benjamin 
Boon, Thomas 
Bearman, John 
Barry, William 
Cabely, Zachariah 
Christopher, Edward 
Carril, Thomas 
Cummings, Hugh 
Cruikshanks, William 
Cobely, John 
Campbell, Patrick 
Gallery, Patrick 



Deck, Jonathan Z. 
Dewees, F. P. 
Devine, Peter 
Devine, Patrick 
Deaker, Joseph 
Duffy, James 
Deibert, Henry 
Deibert Daniel 
Downing, George W. 
Dalton, George 
Dormer, James 
Dyke, James 
Dondle, Alexander 
Dreisbach, Benjamia 
Dillman, William 
Doherty, John 
Dornbach, Gorlech 
Dyer, William 
Devitt, William 
Dinger, Augustus 
Dolan, Patrick 
Dolan, Patrick 
DeFrehn, Elijah 
Dietrich, Neri 
Evaglesly, James 
Ebert, Jonas 
Erd, Michael 
Evans, Richai'd 
Evans, Theopholus 
Evans, Isaac 
Ernst, Martin 
Everly, Peter 
Einshweiler, Jacob 
English, William 
Frederick, John 
Friar, Daniel 
Fry, Thomas 
Feather, Joseph 
Farrow, Thomas 
Faust, Solomon M. 
Folk, Samuel 
Fetheroff, Peter 
Forney, Jacob W. 
Fisher, William 
Fisher, Daniel 
Fisher, Hiram H. 
Ferguson, John 
Foley, Michael 
Foose, Daniel 
Garret, Frank H. 
Gowan, Peter 
Gross, Fred 
Gilbert, INathaa 
Grupe, William 



292 



What Was Done in 1863. 



Deapted Men who paid Commutation — Continued. 



Catin, Thomas 

Campbell, Samuel 

Core, John 

Clark, Philip 

Christ, Henry 

Clauer, Franklin 

Gebbart, Henry 

Geiger, William 

Gallagher, William H. 

Gottshall, Henry 

Golshall, Lewis 

Hart, Patrick 

Heisenberger, Martin 

Howels, Samuel 

Higgins, Michael 

Herring, Cornelius 

Herring, John 11. 

Herring, Paul 

Heffner, Lewis 

Haas, David 

Haas, Jacob 

Hughes, John R. 

Held, William D. 

Heiser, Edward 

Horiimas, Thomas 

Herbach, Christian 

Head, John 

Hurley, Peter 

Hill, Isaac 

Hellenthal, Nich. 
Hartner, Joseph 
Harris, Stephen 
Harting, John 
Hoskins, Edward 
Hagan, James 
Hepler, Jacob L. 
Hoch, George 
Hare, James 
Herricks, Edward 
Hopkins, William M. 
Hirne, Benneviile 
Heisler, Edwin 
Hummel, David 
Hack, George 
Heim, Jacob , 
Horning, Fred L. 
Horning Samuel 
Huntzinger, Franklin 
Harne}^ George W. 
Hoppsdener, William 
HeflFner, Jr., John W. 
Ives, Chancey 
Johnston, G. W. 
Jones, Joseph 



Joy, Thomas 
Jeifries, David 
Knarr, Aaron H. 
Kessler, Elias 
Kimmel, George 
Kramer, H. 
Kehler, William Z. 
Kline, Jacob 
Kantner, Joseph 
Kimmel, Jacob F. 
Klingerman, John 
Kleber, Lewis 
Kissinger, Levi 
Kerke&lager, Josepk 
Kelley, John 
Keating, William 
Keeler, Patrick 
Kimmel, Edward 
Koons, Christ 
Krider, Israel 
Kramer, Joseph 
Kohler, 3^\xn 
Kleibenstein, Oeorg« 
Krause, Jacob 
Kramer, Daniel A. 
Kramer, Ephriam 
Kramer, Jonathan f. 

Kershner, Jonathan 
Kramer, John 
Knese, H. 

Keeney, Samuel 

Kerdoner, Anthony 

Kennedy, Edward 

Kinney, Michael 

Latmer, Gideon 

Longacre, Jacob 

Lean, Anthony 

Laring, John 

Luckins, Thomas 

Lessig, William A. 

Londonfeld, William 

Lake, James 

Livermore, Horace P. 

Lee, Patrick 

Luke, Emil 

Ludes, Mathias J. 

Lynch, Edward 

Lynch, Abraham 

Lapf, Joseph 

Lynn, Daniel 

Lyons, Timothy 

Lindermuth, Williaa 
Mars, George 
Mervine, Lewis 



What Was Done in 1863. 



2^ 



Drafted Men who paid Commutation — Continued, 



Moser, Ebenezer 
Moser, Elias 
Mason, W. D. H. 
Manning, Israel 
Miller, E. B. 
Miller, Solomon 
Miller, Tilghman 
Miller, Edward 
Minnich, Henry 
Metzinger, John 
Moran, James 
Mudey, Peter F. 
Musket, John 
Maley, Matthew 
Medlar, Lewis 
March, John 
Matz, Francis L. 
Moyer, Jackson 
Moyer, Samuel 
Moyer, Henry D. 
Moyer, Jacob 
Moyer, Julius 
Moyer, Joseph 
Moore, Henry 
Moore, Thomas 

McCue, 

McCabe, Patrick 
Mourley, Gotlieb 
Maurer, George 
Mayberry, Willinm 
Minniug, William 
Minnig, Levi 
McLaughlin, Pati'ick 
Mull, Michael 
Morris, George 
Martin, Patrick 
Mitchell, Job 
McGany, John 
Moran, Thomas 
Madary, Uriah 
Neishwender, Michael 
Nichol, Ernst C. 
Naus, John 
Ochr, Daniel 
Owens, William 
Oliver, Ralph 
Oestereich, Rudolph 
O'Brian, Martin 
O'Harre, Bernard 
Oberlies, Charles 
Oyster, John 
Powers, Lawrence 
Patten, James 
Purcell, Jamei 



25 



Parker, Samuel H. 
Pottieer, Frank 
Patridge, Thomas 
Prescott, Christian 
Percil, James 
Quinn, Henry 
Quirk, Thomas 
Quinter, John 
Rex, Reuben 
Reiner, Gabriel 
Rowland, John 
Ruth, Franklin 
Reuben, Henry 
Ruse, George 
Reddington, JohE 
Rilder, Joseph 
Reilly, Francis 
Eyan, Terrence 
Row, Tobias 
Reese, William 
Reynolds, Michael 
Reed, John H. 
Reed, Elijah 
Reed, Daniel 
Richards, Joseph 
Roder, Elias 
Reich, Frederick 
Ryan, James 
Rowe, William 
Rudy, Hugli 
Rahn, Abel 
Ramaly, Nathan 
Stutzraan, Israel 
Shadle, John 
Strauch, Daniel 
Sortman, Joseph 
Steele, Jared 
Straub, Joseph 
Schlegel, Solomon 
Strusser, Daniel 
Smith, Daniel 
Smith, William 
Smith, Albert 
Smith, John A, 
Smith, Peter 
Smith, Owen 
Snyder, Ephraim 
Snyder, David 
Snyder, Jacob D. 
Snyder, Samuel L. 
Snyder, Daniel L. 
Schlemmer, Christian 
Stephenson, James 
Seligman, Emanuel 



294 



What was Done in 1863. 



Drafted Men who paid Commutation — Continued. 



Sykes, Benjamin 
Sterling, William 
Simmons, Phillips 
Shcad, Jonathan 
Seligman, Joseph 
Stiue, Jonas 
Shcllenbcrg Henry 
Schwauk, Joseph 
Schlouch, Samuel 
Shuman, William 
Schlouch, Rudolph 
Stack, Joseph 
Schweitzer, Wm, 
Shields, David 
Shirey, EdAvard 
Stine, Henry 
Suech, Heui-y 
Swartz, Jonathan 
Sterner, Cliavles 
Sterner, Franklin 
Speicher, John 
Steigerwald, Gideon 
Sparks, John L. 
Shilferstein, Henry 
Sickels, Jr., John 
Scott, James 
Shoraper, Christian 
Shoffstall, Joseph A. 
Schnope, Simon V. 
Schnob, Jacob 
Spangler, William 
Shoener, David 
Saylor, Harry M. J. 
Saylor, Clarkson 
Schwartz, Samuel 
Stauffer, Joseph 
Thomas, John M. 
Thomas David T. 



Tappe, August 
Thompson, Dayid 
Terolf, Elim 
Updegrave, John 
Yeith, John 
Wild, John 
Woolcock, Thomas 
Watkins, Edward 
Watkins, David 
Weir, Robert 
Wilcox, D. H. 
Warlow, James 
Welsh, William J 
Wagner, Peter 
William, James 
Whittaker, Patrick 
"Williams, David 
Walker, John 
Woolcock, Edward 
W^olfgang, Daniel 
Wcirioh, Nicholas 
W^ooUis, John E. 
Walters, William 
Whetstone, E. M. 
W^eikel, John D. 
WetztU, L. Peter 
Williams, William M. 
Wlietstone, Samuel 
Youngfleisch, Christ, 
Zimmerman, Peter 
Zimmerman, William 
Zerby, George 
Zerby, Edward 
Zerby, Reuben 
Zerby, Jacob 
Zell, George 

Total, - 



405 



THE CALL IN OCTOBER, FOR 300,000 VOLUNTEERS 

On the ITtli of October, 1863, President Lincoln issued a Proc- 
lamation calling for three hundred thousand volunteers' to serve 
for three years or the war, to take the place of the volunteers 
whose term of service would expire during 1864. When a quota 
failed to be filled with volunteers a draft was to commence on the 
5th of January, 1861. 

This draft was subsequently postponed until the 10th dny ot 
March, and two hundred thousand added to the number called for 
to insure the filling up of the armies to a strength necessary to 
carry on successfully, military operations. 



THE THIRD YEAR OF THE WAR. 



OUR RE-ENLISTED VETERANS. 
To induce the veterans in the field to enlist fur another three 
years, liberal bounties were not only oifered by the Government, 
hu^ by the various communities of the North. The re-enlisted 
veterans obtained furloughs, and returned by regiments, to the 
places where they were originally recruited. 



ARRIVAL AT POTTS VILLE OF TVrO CO:nIPANIES OF THE 
SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVAJLRY. 

On the 29th of January, 1864, information was received thnt 
two companies of the Seventh Pennsylvania (^avalry, A and F, 
belonging to this County, had started from Harrisburg and would 
reach Pottsville at noon. A signal of three guns was fired by the 
Battery, and at noon the line of procession was formed on Centre 
street according to the programme of the Chief Marshal. 

On the arrival of the veterans at Mt. Carbon, the New York 
Artillery fired a national salute, and the procession took up its 
line of march in the following order : 

Gen. Nagle and Staff. 
Col. Olipliant and Staff. 

The Pottsville Band. 

Invalid Corps Battalion. 

Re-enlisted Veterans, under command of Lieutenant-Col. Seibert. 

Curtin Guards of St. Clair, Capt. Blacker. 

Ist New York Artillery, 4 pieces. 

Committee of Arrangements. 

Citizen's. 

All along the route the veterans were greeted with cheers, while 

.hundreds of flags, banners, and decorations were displayed. The 

streets and sidewalks were lined with thousands of people. Across 

the streets through which the procession passed were displayed 

the names of the different battles in which the soldiers of Schuyl- 



296 The Third Year of the War. 

kill County had been engaged. One of the Seventh had on a 
rebel overcoat and carried a silk flag which had been captured in 
one of their many fights with the rebels. 

The procession halted at the Union Hotel, the front of which 
waa beautifully decorated with flags, pictures and evergreens, 
prominent among which was the motto : 

'•Welcome, Veterana, to your Mountain Homes." 

A prayer was delivered by Rev. Mr. Koons, after which the 
veterans were welcomed by John Bannan, Esq. 

Colonel Seibert responded, and thanked the citizens for the kind 
welcome accorded. He said that the soldiers did not re-enlist for 
bounties, but patriotically. They wanted peace as ho wanted it — 
an honorable and permanent one, not the peace of traitors and 
rebels. The Colonel said that it was the determination of the men 
to fight until the rebellion was crushed. After again thanking 
the citizens of Pottsville for their hearty reception of the men who 
had fought, endured toils and hardships for the country, he closed 
amid enthusiastic applause. 

At the conclusion the veterans partook of a collation at the 
Union Hotel. 

The whole affair was spirited, and creditable to the citizens of 
ihe Borough, 



ARRIVAL OF THE FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 
On Wednesday, February 3, 1864, it was announced by Gen, 
James Nagle, Chief Marshal, that the veteran Regiment, the For- 
ty-eighth, would reach Pottsville during the day. Every prepara- 
tion was at once made by the citizens to give the Regiment a 
hearty welcome home. Private residences were decorated with 
large streamers of red, white and blue, while flags large and small, 
were displayed everywhere throughout the Borough. Along the 
route over which the procession would pass, were displayed the 
names of the battles in which the Regiment had participated. In 
Mahantango street at the residence of Mrs. Sillyman, three medal- 
lions suspended in the centre of the street, bore the names of 
Burnsido, Sigfried and Nagle, under whom the Regiment had 
a^rved with distinguished honor. 



The Third Year of the War. 297 

the arrival, and presentation of colors. 

At 8 J o'clock, P. M., the train containing the Forty-eighth 
Regiment, reached Mt. Carbon, and the men were drawn up in 
line to receive the beautiful stand of colors prepared by the ladies 
of Pottsville for presentation to the Eegiment. 

To Mrs. E. K. Bohanan and Miss Miesse, the duty of getting 
up the flags was entrusted, and the work was done by Messrs. 
Evans & Hassall, Philadelphia. The standard was made of heavy 
blue silk, with the State arms of Pennsylvania on one side, and 
tha arms of the United States on the reverse, both of which were 
surrounded by scrolls containing the names of the following battles 
in which the Regiment had been engaged : Bull Run, Aug. 29, 
1862. Chantilly, Sept. 14, 1862. Antietam, Sept. 17, 1863. 
Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862. The guidons were four in num- 
ber, a small American flag, and three, red, white and blue, made 
of stout twilled silk. On each, was inscribed : ^^48th P. Y.'' 

Hon. J. H. Campbell made the presentation eloquently, as follows : 

OfFICEES AND SOLDIEKS OP THE FORTY-EIGHTII PtEOIMENT : 1 Iiave 

been honored by the ladies of Pottsville, your sisters, wives, and mothers, 
.with the pleasing duty of presenting this flag,' guidons and markers, as 
their testimonial to and appreciation of your patriotism, bravery an-;! 
devotion to the cause of the Union. 

You bring with you tattered flags from glorious battle-fields-^flags 
rent in conflict, but of stainless honor. The ladies of Pottsville beg 
leave to place by the side of these, this beautiful flag, the work of their 
fair hands. 

Where the white horses ramp in the azure field, you sec inscribed 
Chantilly, Antietam, South Mountain and East Tennessee, one and all 
recalling memories of heroic deeds that will live while time endures. 

The fair donors have watched with sympathetic bosc-ms, your trials, 
bravery and suffering — the deadly struggle, the sufferings in hospitals, 
on the weary march and by the dreamless bivouac, all heroically borne 
by you. While they have shed tears for the gallant dead, they come to- 
day, with words of welcome and smiles of gratitude, to greet their re- 
turning brothers and husbands. 

Soldiers, j'^ou have registered a vow in Heaven that the old flag shall 
fly in all its original splendor over every inch of territory the Nati'on ever 
possessed — and that too, over free territory., A few years since it was 
loved and respected everywhere, — for it was everywhere, by glacial pin- 
nacles, and under the suns of the tropics— in the marts of the old world, 
and the wilderness of the new. It must not now be shorn of its glory. 

Soldiers, you car r if peace on the points of your bayonets, and true diplo- 
mnryy in your cartridge boxes. We can have no true, lasting or honorable 
peace until the rebels submit to the laws of the country.. We as good 
citizens, cheerfully submit to constituted authority. We ask no more of 
them ; Yi'e will submit to no less.^ 

25* 



298 The Third Year op the War. 

Mr. Campbell concluded by welcoming the soldiers of the Forty-eighth 
home, in the name of the ladies of Pottaville. 

At the conclusion three hearty cheers were given for the ladies. 

Col. Sigfried replied in a neat and appropriate speech. He 
sincerely thanked the ladies for the honor conferred upon hia 
command by them, in their beautiful gift, and promised that the 
colors should be brought back from the field of battle in honor, or 
not at all. 

At the conclusion of his response. Col. Sigfried was the recipi- 
ent of a beautiful wreath, handed to him by a young lady. 



THE RECEPTION. 

The procession then formed and proceeded up Centre street in 
the following order : 

Gen. Nagle and Aids. 

Col. Oliphant and Staff. 

Battalion of Invalid Corps. 

Pottsville Band. • 

Forty-eighth Regiment, under command of Col. Sigfried. 

Honorably Discharged and Convalescent Soldiers, under command of 

•Major James Wren. 

Seventh Pa. Cavalry, under command of Major Jennings, 

1st New York Artillery, under command of Lieut. Hall. 

Miners' Lodge, No. 20, I. 0. of 0. F. 

Carriages containing Committee of Arrangements. 

Citizens on Horseback. 

As the procession commenced moving a national salute was fired 
by the New Yoiii Battery. 

The veterans were greeted all along the route by cheers and the 
waving of handkerchiefs. The streets were filled with thousands 
of people. A more animated spectacle had been rarely witnessed 
here. The tattered flags of the Forty-eighth were objects of great 
interest. 

After passing over the route designated by the Chief Marshal, 
the veterans halted in front of the Union Ilutel, where they were 
welcomed to their homes, by John Bannan, Esq., on behalf of 
the citizens, after a fervent, patriotic prayer by Key. Mr. Koona. 
Col. Sigfried thanked the citizens for their kind reception, and 
spoke of the spirit that animated his men in re-enlisting. Ho 



The Third Year op the War. 299 

hoped that the command would return to the field recruited up to 
it8 full strengths 

A collation was prepared by the ladies at the Union Hotel, of 
which the Regiment partook. Thq Regiment returned with 340 
men. The field and staff officers were, Colonel, J. K. Sigfried. 
Lieut. Col., Henry Pleasants. Major, J. A. Gilmour. Surgeon, 
Blackwood. Quartermaster, Lieut. Rohannan. Adju- 
tant, D. D. Maginnes. The companies were — A, Capt. Kauffman ; 
B, Capt. Bast ; C, Capt. Gowen ; D. 1st Lieut. Fisher, com'dg. ; 
E, Capt. Winlack ; F, Capt. Hoskins ; G, Ca;pt. Bosbyshell ; H. 
Capt. William J. Hinkle; I, Capt. B. B. Schuck ; K. Capt. 
Brennan. 

Pottsville was to be the headquarters of the command until its 
departure again for the field. 

Portions of the Fiftieth Regiment, Col. Christ, and Fifty-fifth 
Regiment, Col. Whife, also returned, and were warmly welcomed 
home. • ' 

Recruiting progressed lively upon the return of these veterans, 
enabling the eommands to which they were attached, to return to 
the field in a few weeks, recruited up to ihore than the maximum 
number required by the regulations. While home " the boys '' en- 
joyed the relaxation from their nearly three years of hard and 
dangerous service, hugely. 

PRESENTATION OF COLORS TO THE SEVENTH PA. CAVALRY, 
By the Ladies of Pottsville and St. Clair. 
Tuesday, March 1, 1864, will be remembered by the officers and 
men of the gallant Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, as that on 
which the fair daughters of Pottsville and her sister borough, St. 
Clair, gave into their hands as a gift, a magnificent suit of colors. 
It numbered thirteen, a Regimental battle-flag and twelve guidons, 
one for each of the companies, bearing their respective letters. 
The Regimental flag bore the names of the principal engagements 
in which the Seventh had participated, but not all the fights, for 
they have been in a score or more. The following were on it : ^^Le- 
banon, Ky ;" "Chaplin Hill,Ky ;" << Stone River, Tenn. ;'' <^ Mur- 
freesboro ;" " Shelbyville, Tenn ;" *< Chickamauga, Ga \" " Rover, 
Tenn. ;'' '♦Nashville, Tenn. ;" "Unionville, Tenn.;" and <'Spar- 



300 The Third Year of the War. 

ta, Tenn." A silver plate on the staff, bore the following inscrip- 
tion : ^^ Presented hy il\e Ladies of Pottsville and St. Claivj to the 

Seventh Regiment^ Pa. Cavalry." 

The presentation took place at Pennsylvania Hall, at 4, P. 
M., in the presence of the fair donors. The meeting was organized 
by calling Mr. L. F. Whitney to the chair, and appointing F. B. 
Wallace Secretary. K. fervent, patriotic prayer by Rev Joseph 
McCool, opened the exercises, after which the colors were presented 
on behalf of the ladies, by Lin Bartholomew, Esq. Mr. B. made 
an earnest and impressive speech. He said that it was a very 
pleasant duty that he was called upon to discharge, in presenting 
these beautiful emblems of our nationality^ When the Regiment 
retujns to the field with them, they will not only remind the gallant 
members of the glory and greatness of the country, but they will 
revive recollections of the kind feeling at home that actuated their 
presentation. Mr. Bartholomew eloquently eulogised the women 
of the country. They have esteemed no labor too arduous, no 
time too precious to devote to the welfare and comfort of the 
brave defenders of their homes and of the liberties of the nation, 
while they have .given with a God-speed, their husbands, brothers 
and fathers to the cause, though in so doing it has wrung their 
hearts to part with often forever, their beloved ones. In presenting 
these colors to the Seventh, the ladies are confident that they will 
ever be borne in the face of the enemy with undaunted bravery, 
and with undying honor. They know it, for are not your deeds 
indissolubly connected with the brilliant achievements of the Army 
of the Cumberland, and docs not Kentucky thank the Seventh 
among her other defenders, for the immunity she now enjoys from 
rebel invasion ? Not Kentucky alone, but a nation that would be 
entirely free, is grateful to you for your heroic services. And 
know, brave men, that these gifts come to you hallowed by the 
prayers of the donors. Those prayers for your Safety and safe re- 
turn to your homes, will accompany you to the field, and prove I 
trust, a shield in the hour of danger. Officers and men, accept 
these emblems of our nationality ; they come from your true friends 
and well-wishers, who feel that they will wave in triumph, long 
after the colors of a wicked, hell-born Rebellion, shall have »>€«n 
trampled in the dust by the patriots of the country. 



The Third Year of the War. 301 

"Wm. B. Sipes, the accomplished; brave and efficient Colonel of 
the Regiment, received the colors on behalf of his command. He 
thanked the speaker for the present, not for its intrinsic value, but 
for the source from which it came, for the feeling that prompted it. 
The Colonel disclaimed any intention of making a speech. He 
would make a few remarks in reference to what the Regiment had 
done since it entered the service. It entered upon active service 
on Christmas day, 1861, in the Department of the West, under 
Gen. Buell, and it has been continually in active service ever since 
that time. There is not a battle-field in the South-west on which 
its members have not made their mark upon the enemy. The men 
know every pathway in Middle and Eastern Tennessee better than 
they know the paths around the school houses of their childhood. 
For months together they never cost the Government a cent for 
the subsistence of themselves or their horses. For consecutive 
weeks the officers and men had not changed clothing or had them 
off, so incessant and arduous has been their duty at certain times. 
They have undergone more than has been or ever will be related. 
When these men re-enlist, after through passing scenes of danger 
unsurpassed, who can doubt the genuineness of their patriotism ? In 
accepting for my Regiment these colors, I cannot promise the 
donors that they will remain unsullied and beautiful as now, but I 
can promise that they shall never bear the stain of dishonor. In 
concluding his earnest, heartfelt remarks, of which we can give 
but a faint idea in this report, the Colonel again thanked the ladies 
for their gift ; acknowledged gratefully the compliments which 
Mr. Bartholomew had paid the Regiment, and assured the fair 
donors of the colors that if the Regiment is permitted to bring 
them back, they shall be preserved in Schuylkill County, as me- 
mentoes of the patriotism of its fair daughters, and as souvenirs of 
the history of the Seventh. 

The whole affiiir passed off in the most delightful manner. 

Subsequently at the residence of Thomas H. Rickerts, the 
Quartermaster of the Regiment, a pair of solid silver spurs were 
presented to Colonel Sipes. They bear this inscription : " To Col. 
Wm. B. Sipes, of the 7th Pa. Cav.,fiom the Ladies of PottsviUeJ' 

In the evening the officers of the Seventh gave a supper at 
Pennsylvania Hall to their brother officers and citizen friends. 



302 



The Third Year of the War. 



In response to toasts speeches were made by Col. Sipes, Col. 
Seibert^ Col. Pleasants, Hon. C. W. Pitman, Lin Bartholomew, 
Esq., Col. D. B. Green, Mr. L. C. Thompson, Capt. Dart, of 
Bradford County, Capt Taylor, Mr. Ellis, and others of the guests, 

The guests of the evening separated after singing the " Star 
Spangled Banner." 



THE NAMES OF RE-ENLISTED VETERANS, AND VOLUNTEERS 
RECRUITED IN SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, 

We will now give the names of the veterans who re-enlisted for 
three years, and of the recruits who enlisted in Schuylkill County, 
during the Winter and Spring of 1864, with the number of the 
Regiments in which they entered. The length of the list is 
very creditable to the spirit and patriotism of the County. 

We will commence with the Forty-eighth Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Veteran Volunteers, the muster-rolls of several companies of 
which we received from the officers after they had passed through 
the celebrated campaign of Gen. Grant in Virginia, in the Sum- 
mer of 1864, and had arrived in front of Petersburg : 



FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, P. V. V. 

COMPANY A. 



Captain, HENRY BOYER. 
\st Lieut., Levi B. Evbland. 
2d Lieut., Albert C. Huckby. 
2d Sergeant, William Taylor. 
Zd " Abraham F. Seltzer. 
4^A " Henry H. Price. 
bth " John Oalagher. 
\st Corporal, John Taylor. 
Id " Franklin Frederici. 



3J Corp'l. Jacob S. ITonsbbrgeb. 
^th " Charles Brandenbubo. 
5/A " Monroe Heckman. 
<6th " James S. Eveland. 
1th •* James Meck. 
8^/i " Thomas B. Boyeb. 
Musician; Wm. H. Hinklet. 
Wagoner, Wm. D. Martin. 



Airgood, George 
Adams, John 
Ash, .James D. 
Britton, Eliaa 
Britton, Isi'ael 
Booth, William 
Becker, .James 
Beltz, William 
Bond, George 
Bachman, Wm. "• 
Baker, James 
Beta, George 



PRIVATES. , 

Huckey William J. 
Hine, Wiloughby 
Hoffman, Elias 
Holman, John 
Hillegas Charles W. 
Halderman, Franklin 
Hendricks George 
Hugg, John 
Jones, Charles 
Knapp, William 
Keller, Benj. 
Koch, William A. 



Miller, George 
Marshall, Joel 
Medler, John C. 
Martin, Monroe 
McFarlin, Jabez 
Otto, Isaac A. 
Perry, Richard B. 
Richards, Philip 
Robinhold, Lewis M. 
Richelderfer, John 
Stidham, Francis Mt 
Simons, Frank W. 



The Third Year of the War. 



303 



Carter, Thomas 
Cochran, John 
Preibelbeis, B. F. C. 
Dreibelbeis, William 
Dreibelbeis, Joseph 
Davis, Henry 
Eddinger, William 
Eckroth, Samuel 
Ely, Frederick 
Ferg, Christian 
Goodman, Charles 
Galagher, Edward 
Greenawaldt, Abraham 
Houscr, David 
Hunsberger, M. J. 
Huntzinger, John J. 
Hessinger, Lewis 
Hegg, John 
Hail, Hiram 
Hause, Philander N. 
Hause, Jordan C. 



Kerst, Henry E. 
Krueger, Charles 
Kerst, Willis L. 
King, Franklin 
Kelchner, James 
Kershner, Jacob 
Koch, Daniel H. 
Kaufman, William 
Leiser, Morgan 
Loye, Lewis R. 
Livingston, George 
Lins, Joel 
Lins, Elias 
Mallard, Marcus M. 
Meek, William H. 
Meek, David 
McClean, John 
McClean, Robert 
Moyer, Samuel B. 
Moyer, Jacob W. 
Mover, Jacob M. 



Simons, Nelson 
Sterner, H. Lewis 
Sterner, James W. 
Snyder, Simon 
Smith, Thomas P. 
Smith, J. Lewis 
Sigfried, Jonas 
Sigfried, Jacob D. 
Sitler, Nathan 
SheaflFer John H. 
Sheaffer, John W. 
St. Clair, Chas. Abel J. 
Snayberger, Nicholas. 
Schreyer, Henry 
Springer, Jesse 
SchoUenberger, Samuol 
Shickman, Augustus 
Williams, Oliver 
Weibel, John 
W^agner, F. PL 
Whetstone, Simon 



• Deserted 

Sergeant Henry HonBberc:er appointed Sergeant Major. 

IH8ynissed, Captain D. B. Kauffmau. 

EBCAPITULATION. 

Commissioneil Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
ISlusician, - - _ - - 
Wagoner, _ - - _ . 

Privates, - _ _ > 

Dismissed, - - - - 

Total, 



3 

12 
1 
1 

99 
1 

117 



COMPANY B. 



CaplamiVLYSSES A. BAST. 
1st Lieut., William H. Hume. 
2d Lieut., Thomas Johnson. 
1ft Sergeant, Thos. P. Wilmams. 
Id '" John Watkins. 
od " Robert Campbell, 
Alh " Wm. Kissingkk. 
bi.h *' John Homer. 



15/ Corporal, Wm. H. Ward, 



2d 
Zd 
ith 
Bth 
Gth 
1th 



David J. Davis. 
Clemence Beltzee. 

SEBASTtAN RiCKERT, 

Joseph Rarig. 
James Rider. 
Isaac L. Fritz. 



Musician, George W. Johnson. 



Altman, Henry 
Atkins, William 
Albright, George 
Barron, John 
Brooks, William R. 
Bubeck, John E. 
Bindley, Alfred E. 
Brown, John 
Bell, Gardner 



PRIVATES : 

Frehn, John D. 
Glouser, Benj. 
Griffiths, Thomas 
Heckman, Samuel 
Heater, Carey 
Haker, John * 
Hammer, Jacob 
Kershner, Chas. 11. 
Louer, Christian 



Reppert, William 
Stevenson, William 
Shifferstein, Albert 
Shoufler, Gotleib 
Schwartz, Williaiu 
Steinhour Lewis 
Shoppel, Henry 
Williams, William 
Wigner, Jacob 



304 



The Third Year of the War. 



Bankes, Daniel M. 
Deitz, David 
Deitz, John 
Engle, William 



Deserted. 



Markle, Abraham R. 
Moyer, Laurentus C. 
Muldoon, Thomas J. 



EECAPITULATION. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musician, - - - 
Privates, . . - 



Wise, William 
Wary, Daniel 
Yonker, John 



3 

12 
1 

37 



Total, 



53 



COMPANY C. 



Captain, GEORGE W. GOWEN. 
1st Lieut., Charles Loeseb. 
2c? Lieut., William Clark. 
1st Sergeant, James Clark. 
2c? " Henry Weiser. 
3c? '' Jonas Geier. 
4th ** John Rorety. 
6th " Samuel Wallace. 
1st Corporal, Samuel Weiser. 

PRIV 



2c? Corporal, John Shalvey. 
3c? " Henry McDernold. 
4ith ♦' Michael Condbon. 
6th ** Henry Rudge. 
6th *' James Nicholson. 
7th ** William Livingston. 
Musician, Lewis Howard. 

" Robert Rogers. 
Wagoner, Gilbert Gbaham. 

ATES: 



Acker, Abraham A. 
Adams, Dennis 
Betz, Harrison 
Boyle, Thomas 
Brennan, Murt 
Brown, Daniel 
Clark, Robert 
Coakley, James 
Daubert, William 
Dunleavy, Andrew 
Demmerce, William 
Daugherty, John 
Dolan, John 
Earley, Henry 
Earley, Michael 



Fitzpatrick, William 
Farrel, Patrick 
Gruver, Jacob A. 
Harrison, John 
Harrison, Samuel 
Hartman, John F. 
Haines, Jacob 
Henry, Casper 
Hatch, George W. 
Horan, James 
Haines, William J. 
Johnston, William 
Long, Allen A. D. 
Lambert, Enoch 

recapitulation. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Wagoner, _ - - - 
Privates, - _ - . 



McCoy, Anthony 
McGinnis, Edward 
Miller, Alfred W. 
Mohan, Michael 
Neeley, William 
Neeley, Andrew, 
Ryan, Richard 
Sweeney, William 
Sweeney, Edward 
Seibert, George C. 
Straugh, Isaac 
Martin, Toban 
Wheatly, John S. 
Whitaker, John 



12 
2 

1 
48 



Total, 



Gl 



COMPANY D. 



1st Lieut., James K. Helms. 
2d LAeut., Henry E. Stichter. 
1st Sergeant, Henry C. Gbabff, 



2d Sergeant, George Bowman. 
Sd " H. C. Burkhalteb. 
i(h " H. Rothbnbeegbb. 



The Third Year of the War. 



305 



Company D, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 

i^tk Sfirgeant^ Albert 11. Novinger. (Sth Corporal, Franklin Dorward. 
Sup. Serj't, William Timmons. 



1st Corporal, BoTo Otto. 
2d " Franklin Hoch. 
3<j ** Walter P. Aims. 
^tk " Jonathan Deitrich. 
^t& ** Philip Beckman. 



7th " Edward Lenhart. 
8^A *' David Smith. 
Musician, Charles Brobst. 

" Jeremiah Meinder. 
Wagoner^ John W. Derb. 



Arte, George 
Arndt, Charles 
Baum, James L. 
Baum, Ciias. W. 
Baum, Orlando 
Boyer, John B. 
Buttinger, Joseph 
Bower, Jonathan 
Brown, John "^ 
Beissel, George S, 
Coyligan. Patrick 
Casper, Jackson L. 
Cooper, G. W. H. 
Derr, Jackson, 
Derr, Levi 
Dolan, John 
Deitrich, Charles 
Deitrich, Lewis 
Deitrich, Daniel 
Deitrich, John 
Dalious, James J. 
Dorward, Henry 
Ebert, Edward J. 
Eppley, Samuel 
Eyster, Solomon 
Graeff, Frank B. 



PRIVATES: 

Grim, Horatio 
Hartz, George 
Hinan, Mattis 
Hesser, Charles F. 
Hoover, John, 
Jones, Thomas 
Johnston, Stacy * 
Kline, Isaiah 
Knarr, Daniel 
KauflFman, Jonathan 
Kessler, Nathan 
Kessler, Samuel 
Klinger, James 
Krieger, Francis J. 
Krieger, Peter C. 
Kehler, John 
Knittle, Andrew 
Klauser, Jacob 
Kline, Charles 
Lindemuth, Joseph 
Lettrick, Philip 
Miller, Jonas 
Miller, Gust. H. 
Moyer, Zachary F. 
Moyer, Henry D. 
Moyer, William F. 



Deserted. 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoners, - - - 

Privates, - - - 



Maury, David 
Merwine, Daniel 
Nolan, James * 
Okom, Daniel 
Okom, Jonathan 
Ritter, Simon 
Raber, Jonas Z. 
Reeser, Samuel 
Ryan, William 
Strausser, P. L. 
Stichter, Alfred J. 
Shriver, Frank B. 
Smith, William II. 
Williams, David 
Williams, William H. 
Weldy, Daniel 
Walbridge, Amos 
Wolf, Daniel 
Weikel, AVilliam 
Weikel, John D. 
Wenrich, Samuel. 
Wagner, Aaron B. 
Yarnell, Solomon 
Zeigler, Joseph 
Zimmerman, Elias 



2 

14 

2 

1 

77 



Total, 



96 



COMPANY E. 



C-optain, WILLIAM WINLACK. 
1st Lieut., Thomas Bohannan. 
2d Lieut., Charles A. Schnerr. 
Itt Sergeant, John C. McElrath. 



Ud 
Zd 
4th 
Mi 



James May. 
Wm. C. Cinens. 
Thomas Tosh. 
David McAllistbb, 
26 



1*^ Corporal, 

2d 

Sd 

4th " 

6th *<■ 

Qih " 

7 th 

Sth '« 



Samuel Clembns. 
Samuel Beddall. 
Patrick Lynch. 
James Greener. 
Wm. J. Morgan. 
Robert Penman. 
John Mercer. 
John Pskman. 



306 



Thb Third Yeak of the War. 



Company E, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Contmued. 

Musician, Geokge Latham. Wagoner, Wm. Jeffersok. 

Musician, George J. Heisler. 

PRIVATES: 
Grant, Patrick 



Auman, Henry 
IJoyer, Frank 
Boyer, Daniel 
Boyer, Josliua 
Barnett, Daniel D. 
Berernge, Ptobert 
Breunan, Michael 
Bohannan, Michael 
Brown, James 
Brennan, John 
Brennan, Patrick 
('onners, James 
(/ampbell, Lindsey 11. 
(Jumings, Albert 
Clemens, Thomas 
Clemens, John 
Castle, Jerome 
DeFrain, John 
Dress, Cornelius 
Devine, Thomas 
Devine, Robert* 
Dooley. John 
Dunlap, Archibald 
Danagh, John 
Evens, William 
Evens, William 
Evens, Thomas 
Farrel, Lawrence 
Fager, William J. 
Frautz, Valentine 



Gutschall, Martin. 
Gaynor, William 
Hodget, William 
Hobwood, Thomas 
Hardee, Isaac 
Hall, Thomas 
Jones, John 
James, George A. 
James, William C. 
Judge, John 
Kane, William B. 
Kelly, Alexandria 
Landry, Michael 
Lord, Joseph II. 
Lyons, John 
Leary, Timothy 
McMily, George 
McElratk, Robert 
McElrath, William 
Morgan, David 
Murry, John 
Major, John 
Mercer, James 
Mullen, William 
Meredith, jr,, Robert 
Meredith, sr., Robt. 
McGee, Thomas 
McLaughlin, James 
Meighan, James 



* Deserted. 




Commissioned Officers, 


. 


Non-commissioned Offic 


ers, 


Musicians, - 


. 


Wagoner, 


_ 


Privates, 


- 


Total, 


- 


COMPANY 


Captain, JOSEPH H. HOSKINS. 


2(7 Corpo 


1st Lieut., Henry James. 


3rf 


'2d Lieut., John L. Williams. 


Ath " 


1st Sergeant, James A. Easton. 


bth '« 


'Id " Henry Reese. 


Qth *' 


Zd " Joseph Gould. 


1th 



Mcllay, John 
McClennan, Thomas 
McSorely, John 
McGinnia, Edward 
Muir, Michael 
Penman, Mungo 
Pocket, John D. 
Pierce, Henry 
Quinn, David 
Quinn, Charles 
Reedy, David E. 
Rodgers, Patrick 
Reasons, William 
Regan, James 
Ramsay, Daniel 
Sigmund, Abraham 
Stout, George 
Schields, James 
Spotts, Alfred 
Simmers, William 
Schaelfer, George W. 
Thompson, Robert B. 
Whaland, Thomas 
Woomer, Benjamin 
Williams, David 
Wade, Anthony 
W^atson, John 
Weaver, Jeremiah 
Young, William 



Ath 
bth 
0th 



Richard Hopkins. 
George Edwards. 
Charles W. Haines. 



lit Corporal, Robert D. Paden. 



- 8 
13 

- 2 
1 

89 

- 108 

F. 

^ral, Wm. J. Wells. 

Patrick Monaghan. 

John Powell. 

Austin Farrow. 

Robert Wallace. 

Isaac Barto. 
Sth Corporal, Samuel Glenn. 
Musician, John Laweenck. 
Musician, Dayid Fulton. 
Wagoner, William Holsbt. 



The Third Tear of the War. 



307 



Company F, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Ackley, Isaac 
Andrews, James 
Ackenbach, William 
Adams, Richard M. 
Ball, William 
Brennan, James 
Brennan, James 
Boren, Patrick 
Brennan, Murtough 
Bradley, James 
Burland, William 
Bambrick, James 
Bush, William 
Carroll, Anthony 
Curry, Thomas * 
Carroll, William 
Carroll, Patrick 
Carroll, John 
Carr, James 
Crawford, John A. 
Crawford, John 
Dunkerly, Samuel 
Devine, John 
Duffy, William E. 
Devlin, John 
Devlin, Simon 
Davis, William H. 
Defrehn, Elijah 
Dillman, Henry 
Davis, Thomas 
Davis, John E, 
Dolan, Patrick 
Davis, David 
Eddy, John 
Fulton, William 



PRIVATES : 
Ferrick, Heury 
Finley, Joseph 
Garlan, Thomas 
Grifl&ths, David 
Griffiths, John 
Heisler, Henry C. 
Hosgood, John 
Holsey, Henry 
Houte, James 
Hause, Hamilton 
Haines, Cyrus 
James, Thomas 
Jones, George II. 
Jenkins, Sampson 
Krieger, David T. 
Kuhns, Jacob 
Kohler, George W. 
Kohler, William H. 
Lewis, Thomas D. 
Lyng, John * 
Litchfield, Peter 
Leary, Cornelius 
Lyshon, Thomas 
Lewis Isaac 
Lawless, John 
Lavell, Michael 
Morrissy, John 
McGee, John * 
Murph}', Thomas 
Manning, Israel 
Murphy, James 
McElvie, David 
Moore, W^illiam 
Manders, George 
Manning, James W. 



Deserted, 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoner, - - - 

Privates, . _ - 

Total, - 



McVay, John 
McCann, Henry 
Mallen, Patrick 
Murphy, William 
Paully, James 
Pickford Hugh 
Pugh, Edward G, 
Phillips, John 
Queeny, Frank 
Robson, Edward J, 
Reese, John J. 
Ramer, George 
Ryan, Michael 
Sheridan, George 
Stellwagon, George W. 
Smith, William 
Shissler, Edward L, 
Shaeffer, Timothy 
Straub, Horace P. 
Thomas, Thomas M- 
Thiel, David F. 
Taylor, William E. 
Turner, Edward 
Werner, Andrew 
Welsh, Michael 
Williams, Richard 
Woods, Lewis 
West, Edward R. 
Wilson, Michael 
Wiest, Benjamin F. 
Williams, Thomas J. 
Whitman Augustus H. 
Wallace, Robert 
Wilson, Thomas * 



3 

14 

2 

- 1 
104 



124 



COMPANY a. 

Captain, OLIVER C. BOSBYSHELL.S^A Sergeant, Charles B. Evans. 



1st Lieut., Curtis C. Pollock 
2d Lieut., Henry C. Jackson. 
1st Sergeant, Richard M. Jones. 
2d " Robert Smith. 
3 J '• William Auman. 
iih " Chas. F,KirKNTZ];4BR 



Ist Corporal, George Farnb. 



2d 

Zd 

4:th 

5th 
&ih 



Edward H. Sillymak. 
Edward Flanagan. 
John W. Smith. 
Daniel Dowynb. 
Monroe Schrefflkk. 



808 



The Third Year of the War. 



Company Gr, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 

1th Corporal, Alexander Govan. " Samuel BAKaiiAET. 

Muiician, David Ebbrle. Wa<joner, Jacob Dietricu. 

PRIVATES : 



Auman, James 
Atkinson, William P. 
Armstrong, John 
Abrahams, Abraham 
Allison, James 
Booker, John 
Brown, John R. 
Brown, David P. 
Brown, Robert D. 
Boyer, Daniel 
J5oyle, Patrick 
Clark, Michael 
Cheatham, Joseph 
Ounningliam, Patrick 
Colihau, Andrew 
Clark, Charles 
Brobel, John 
Dates, Harrison 
Delaney, John 
Daley, Patrick 
iSrans, Clay W 



Fame, William 
Frazier, James 
Frazier, John 
Flickenger, Benj. 
Galligan, John 
Galligan, Patrick 
Goodman, Matthias 
Gwinner, Jacob 
Gross, Nicholas 
Grant, Patrick 
Humble, John 
Ilendley, Adam 
Hodgson, John P. 
Jones, J. Howard 
Kuentaler, John P. 
Kautter, John 
Krebs, Jr., Henry 
Lechler, David 
Lawrence, George V/. 
Maurer, William 
Martin, William 
Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musician _ _ - - 

Wagoner, - . - - . 
Privates, , . , ~ • 

Total. , - - . 



May, Charles H. 
Moyer, Jonathan 
McDaniels, Winfield 5, 
Nash, Patrick 
Norrigang, Peter 
Ragang, John 
Reppert, John 
Schrow, Dewald 
Sennett, James 
Scliaeffer, Christian 
Shaw, William 
Savage, Patrick 
Slatterly, William 
Stall, William 
Smith, Patrick 
Spencer, James R. 
Simpson, William 
Wright, John 
Walbridge, Adolpboa 
Williams, William 



12 
2 

1 

62 



80 



COMPANY H. 



Vri-plam. WILLIAM J. HINKLE. 
\st Lieut,, Alex. S. Bowen. 
?'/ Lieut., Sam'l B. Laubenstine 
Ut Sergeant^ Alba C. Thompson. 



Id Corporal, Anthony Hkrbbbt. 



'Id 
M 

ith 
^th 

m 



Thomas H. Sillyman 
Peter Radelbeuger. 
Henry Bernsteel. 
Daniel Moser. 
David Ji. Brown. * 



Isi Corporal, Henry Foy. 



Aurand, Lewis 
Aurand, Cliarles 
Alexander, Joseph 
Acorn, Martin 
Bonnie, Crawford 
Baer, John 
Bftunon, Isaac 
Batdorf, James 



3d " Charles Norhioajt. 
4i/i " Charles Fociit. 
5th " William Burleb. 
6//j " William A. Lloyp. 
7ih " Henry C. Mathbws. 
8fh '' Jacob A. Witmah 
Musician, Andrew J. Snyder. 

" James Marshall. 
Wagoner, Geo. W. Ciiristiak. 

PRIVATES : 

Carroll, John 
Christian, Henry F. 
Chester, Joseph 
Cooke, Daniel 
Cruikshank, John 
Davis, Thomas 
Davis, Albert 
Davis, William 



]5aker, David 
Barr, William 
Benedict, John C. 
Benscoter, Abrahara 
Bright, Harrison 
Bright, Daniel R. 
Beagley, Thomas 
Beyerly, Jefferson W. 



The Third Year oe the War. 



309 



Company H, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Mulholland, James 
Metz, Joseph 
Meter, Charles 
Me(z, EdAvard 
DeLong, Charles 
Donnelly, William 
Donnelly, John 
Everly, Morris 
Eberle, Charles 
Edwards, Edward 
Edwards, Joseph 
Eisenhuth, Gtorge T. 
Fetterman, Charles 
Fetterman, Isaac 
Fox, Emanuel 
Fryberger, Samuel 
Forney, Alfred C. 
Gallagher, John 
(^allagher, Anthony 
Gannon, Thomas 
Howell, John M. 
Heffner, John H. C. 
Haley, William H. 
Hayes, Joseph S. 
Heffron, Philip 
Halladey, George 



W entsell, James 
Welsh, James 
Wineland, John 
Wildermuth, F. Josiah 
Weise, Jacob 
Yeick, Anthony 
Hirst, Job 

Iletherington, Jas. R. 
Huber, William 
Jennings, John 
Jones, Harry 
Kimmell, Wm. Y. B. 
Krebs, Frank 
Kalbach, John F. 
Klienginna, John F. 
Koller, Benjamin 
Kopp, Lewis W. 
Kyer, Charles 
Loeser, William 
Lauer, Daniel 
Lewis, George E. 
Lloyd William D. 
Lloyd, John 
Murphy, Arthur 
Moore, Joseph 
Morey George W. 



Sergeant Major. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - 
Wagoner, . - - 

Privates, 

Total 



Metzinger, Joseph 
Melarkey, Michael 
Miller, Conrad 
Mo3% Adam 
Ohnmacht, Daniel 
Olewine, John H, 
O'Brien, Michael 
O'Donnell, Antkony 
Palmer, Thomas 
Pritchard, John 
Ray, John W. 
Reb, Henry 
Slenker, David 
Snyder Reuben 
Schnieder, AVilliam 
Stevenson, John 
Skeen, Sarauel T. 
Severn, Thomas 
Spears, John 
Scott, Michael 
Shilthorn, Georgo 
Smith, Peter 
Shay, Henry 
Titus, Ambrose H. 
Tillett, Jonathan 
Uhl, George 

- S 

14 

- 2 
1 

- - 102 

122 



COiMPANY I. 



Captain, B. B. SCHUCK. 
1st Lieut., Joseph Edwards. 
2d Lieut., Francis D. Koch. 
1st Sergeant, Oliver Davis. 

2d <' LUKK SWAIK. 

Zd " Jacob Ongstodt. 
Ath " Frank Allebach. 
bth '< James McRetnolds. 
\st Corporal, Gbo. W. Klasb. 



2d Corporal, James Milleb. 
8c? *' Daniel Klabb. 

Ath *• HeNEY W. CBATEfi. 

oth <* Wesley Knittlb, 
%th '» Benj. Williams. 
1th " Elias C. Kehl. 
Musician, William Faust. 

" Jacob Bechman. 
Wagoner, Israel Kramer. 



Beltz, Isaac 
Beltz, Isaac K. 
Boner, Frank 
Bunti, Herman 
Bechman, John P. 
Brown, John 

26* 



PRIVATES : 

Beyerle, Wm. F. 
Bankis, Daniel 
Boner, James 
Blablehamer, Lewis 
Barron, John 
Curlis, Chae. 



Clark, John 
Cooper, John H. 
Crowe, Patrick 
Cobus, Joseph 
Dresh, Elias 
DeLong, Charkg 



310 



The Third Yeah of the War. 



Company I, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Derrick, Cyrus 
Daleus, John 
Drehrer, Benj. 
DeFrehn, S. T. 
Dresh, Geo. 
Dooley, Martin 
Deitz, David 
Deitz, John 
Eisenhower, Abraham 
Engel, William 
Ege, Henry J. 
Frehn, John 
Fauss, Lewis 
Fritz, Albert 
Fourman, Nathan 
Gilbert, Joseph 
Goodman, Henry 
Garber, Lewis J. 
Garber, David 
Good, Chas. H, 
Hein, Josiah 
Hill, Henry H. 
Henry, Frederick 
Heiser, James 
Houser, B. A. 
Horn, Charles W. 
Horn, Washington 
Hollister, Samuel 



Krater, Charles 
Keller, Peter 
Kershner, B. B. 
Kehl, Daniel J. 
Kehl, Samuel F. 
Koch, Huglv 
Koch, Charles R. 
Koch, Allen 
Kramer, William 
Leiser, Charles S. 
Lindemuth, Charles 
Link, John 
Lengert, Adam 
INladenfort, Henry 
Monbeck, Lucien 
Mack, Albert 
Mowrey, Jonathan 
Mauger, John R, 
McArdel, Barney, 
Moyer, John S. 
Marberger, William 
Neyer, Daniel 
Neiswender, Samuel 
Neyman, Henry A, 
Neifert, Nathan 
Owens, William 
Price, William J. 
Peltz, Theodore 



Jones, Thomes 

Commissioned Ofl|cers,- 

Nou-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Wagoner, - - - 

Privates, - _ _ 

Total, 



Reich, Conrad 
Rumbel, Rudolph. 
Rumbel, Amos 
Reinhard, Henry 
Reinhard, Albert 
Reigel, Frank 
Ringer, Frank E. 
Reed, Thomas J. 
Repperi, William 
Reichwern, Jacob 
Seward, Christian 
Schappell, Henry 
Sehall, Thomas 
Scheur, William F. 
Shoener, Edward 
Shoener, Joseph 
Snyder, William S. 
Smith, Mad. K. 
Tyson, William 
Umbenhocker, John 
Weiers, William 
Wheeler, William 
Willower, Jerry 
Wagner, Charles C. 
Watt, Reuben 
Yost, Frank 
Zimmerman, Benj. 
Zimmerman, Albert 

- 3 
12 

- - 2 

- 1 
- 103 



121 



COMPANY 

Captain, ISAAC F. BRANNON. 

\st. Lieut., Jacob Douty. 

Id Lieut., Francis A. Stitzer. 

\st Sergeant, Thomas Irwin. 

2c? " John C. Hincucliff 

M Sergeant, George M. Dengler 

4^ " 

bth 



K 



M Cor^ 

bth 

Qth 

1th 

^th Corporal, John M. Brown 
William LAUBENSTiNEj/ws/c/an, William Straw. 
Christ. N. Haertler, <' Henry Yost. 



oral, David H, Stitzer. 
Horatio Edinger. 
Daniel F. Bausum. 
John C. Berger. 
Henry Shultz. 



\st Corporal, George J. Weaver. Wagoner, Warren Carey. 
'2d " John Degant. 

PRIVATES : 



Adams, Martin 
Adamr.u, John 
Bossier, Samuel 



Burgess, Joseph 
Bartolet, John 
Belford, Wesley 



Bartolet, Richard 
Cashan, Michael 
Dress, Jonathan 



The Third Year of the War. 



311 



Company K, Forty-Eighth Regiment — Continued. 



Delaney, Nicholas 
Day, Albin 
Dentzer, John F. 
Dress David R. 
Drake, Nelson 
Dress, William H. 
Edwards, Edward 
Ehly, Franklin 
Ebert, Jacob 
Fougherty, Thomas 
Felty, Fertenline 
Fenstermaker, Elias 
Fenstermaker, Henry 
Gray, Arthur L 
Gillinger, John 
Gross, George H. 
Grim, Henry 
Haas, Howard W. 
Haas, Wellington P. 
Houser, Nathan 
Houser, David 
Hudson, Thomas E. 
Heisser, William 
HoflFman, Simon 



Henn, John W. 
Hine, Allen 
Haas, Daniel 
Harkius, Hugh B. 
Jones, John 
Koch, Francis 
King, John 
Kavanaugh, James 
Kline, Benjamin F.' 
Long, Charles 
Lebengood, Lewis 
Lord, Henry 
Little, John 
Leonard, Thomas 
Luckenbill, Lewis 
Lauby, Jacob 
Lauer, John N. 
Moul, Lewis A. 
Moul, John C. 
Miller, Wilson W*. 
Mulhall, John 
Morgan, George F. 
Murphy, John 
McKeaver, Philip 
Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, - - - - 
Wagoner, _ - - - 
Privates, - _ - - 



Nagle, Milton 
Osterhoiit, Charles 
Payne, Edward P. 
Phillips, David H. 
Pelton, AVilliam F. 
Patry, John 
Reed, William T. 
Reader, Henry 
Reed, Jeremiah 
Rich, Nathan 
Shaffer, William P. 
Shollenbergei", Augustus 
Schwartz, Oliver W. 
Showers, George 
Snyder, Frederick W. 
Schack, Gottlieb 
Shut, Casper 
Sherman, John A. 
Snyder, Paul 
Trough, Henry 
White, Paul 
Widner, John 
Weaber, Andrew 
Whetstone, Ephraim 
- 3 

- 13 
. 2 

1 

- 81 



Total, 



RECAPITULATION. 



Compijny 


A, 
B, 




c, 




D, 




E, 




F. 




0, 




H, 




I, 




K, 



100 

117 

53 

61 

96 

108 

124 

80 

122 

121 

100 



Total, 



982 



SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

Colo7iel—SSU. B. SIPES. 
Lieut.-Colonel—ZMi'E^ J. SEIBERT. 
Major, 2d Battalion— WM. JENNINGS. 
Quartermaster— TllO^. RICKERT. 

COMPANY A. 



Conners, James C. 
Cobley, Daniel 



Cahill, Patrick W. 
Delaney, James 



Farrell, George C. 
Hennessey, John 



312 



The Third Year of the War. 



Company A, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



Koch. Henry 
Kelly, ^lichael 
Kennedy, Joseph 
Koegan. Charles 

Total 



McCabe, John 
Murphy, Morris 
O'Neal, Dennis 



Plotz, Frederick 
Schlotman, Axiguetuf 
Spittle, Thomas II. 

16 



COMPANY C 



Buden, William 



Total 



Danlevy, John 



Total 



COMPANY 

Hagerty, James 



J) 



Jackson, William 
3 



COM 

Captain, CYRUS NEWLIN. 
1st Lieut., Ber. Iveilly. 
2d Lieut., Jos. H. Denning. 
Ord. Sergeant, V. R. Boyer. 
Q. M. " Wm. Zehner. 
Com. '* Wm. Smith. 
2d Sergeant, Wm. Jenkins. 
Zd " John Williams. 
Ath " Jas. a. Wilson. 
5^ " Daniel Siegfried. 



PANY F. 

(jth Sergeant, John M. Rich. 
1st Corporal, Wm. H. Beavkr. 
2d " Geo. M. Boyer. 

3c? *' CONDY McQuiRE. 

4:th " Rich'd Fotheringill. 
Bugler, Joseph Partridge. 

'' John Coughin. 
Blacksmith, Adam Mager. 
Saddler, Abeaham Vandyke, 



Anstock, Wm. 
Aummersboch, Adam 
Adams, Joseph 
Berger, Abraham 
Bowers, Charles 
Beler, Jacob 
Boruman, G. W. 
I Boyle, Patrick 
Beacher, Benj. 
Beacher, John J. 
Bond, William 
Bartholomew, C. L. 
Brennan, William 
Bowers, Denis 
Blacker, William 
Blacker Charles 
Betz, John 
Boyer, David 
Breslin, Henry 
Breslin, William 
Broom, Jacob 
Bryson, Samuel 
Bummersboch, John 
Ball, John 
Burke, Charles 
Ball, Bart. 
Beaumont, Charles 



PRIVATES: 

Bowers, Peter 
Beauliart, Joseph W. 
Bertz, John 
Baldwin, Thomas 
Collins, James 
Cunningham, John 
Coggins, Hart 
Cunningham, John 
Cockell, Ezra 
Cassey, Patrick 
Creiger, Peter 
Chambus, A. J. 
Connors, Edward 
Deaner, John 
Detyoune, Adam 
Dough er, James 
Dunlevy, John 
Devine, Robert 
Davis, John 
Dando, John 
English, William 
Evans, Samuel 
Evans, David 
Evans, Thomas B. 
English, George 
Else, William H. 
Fartick, John A. J. 



Fisher, Joseph R, 
Fox, William J. 
Fotheringill, Joseph 
Fronty, Jacob 
Fox, David S. 
Flenery, Michael 
Fronley, Albert 
Fogerty, James 
Gower, David 
Gradwell, Thomafi 
Hower, Charles S. 
Harris, William 
Haine, Peter 
Henry, David 
Hagerty, James 
Haley, Martin 
Hines, Edward 
Haldeman, Joseph 
Hisser, Wm. F. 
Hoffee, B. M. 
Hahn, Francis 
Hubzer, Jacob 
Hagerty, Francis W. 
Hart Joseph T. 
Houser, George 
Jones, Thos. W. 
JoDes, Elias 



The Third Year of the War. 



315 



Company F, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



Jonea, Robert 
Jonea, David 
Jones, David R. 
KoUey, Bernard 
Kock, Theodore 
Kock, George 
Kniffe, Aquilla 
Kearns, Patrick R. 
Knapp, Joseph 
Llewellyn, Llewellyn 
Levan David 
Link, Cornelius 
Linn, Charles 
Lynch, Daniel* 
Long, John C. 
Leib, George 
Lafferty, Alexander 
Lyons, James 
Miller, Isaac 
Miller, Jr., John 
McGuire, John 
Moyer, John W. 
Mitchell, Samuel 
Moore, John A. 



Millet, George F. 
May, Joseph 
McGan, Peter 
McLaughlin, Patrick 
Murray, Michael 
Marchal, Robert 
Metz, Adam L. 
Metz, George 
May, Thomas H. 
Manley, Philip 
McManamee, Daniel 
McShay, Michael 
Newser, Christian 
Nutz, aeorge 
O'Donnell, John 
O'Neill, John 
Price, James 
Paine, Slathiel P. 
Rahn, Gideon 
Reese, George 
Richard, William 
Raber, Peter 
Robert, Albert 
Ray, Thomas 



Deaerted 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Buglers, _ - - 
Artizans, . - - 

Privates, 



Total,- 



Shutt, George 
Shreffler, Solomon 
Smith. Frederick 
Shaw, Thomas 
Sykes, Henry 
Sultzer, William 
Sheer, James 
Shine, James 
Stack, William 
Simmers, Henry 
Thomas, Samuel 
Thomas, John D. 
Vanhorn, Adgate 
Winn, Samuel 
Williams, Richard 
Wumer, Amandus 
Waters, Samuel 
Williams, Davis 
Watkins, William 
Wilson, Michael 
Whiteheda. Francis 
Williams, Oliver 
Williams, John D. 



S 

12 
2 

2 
162 



171 



Allison, Henry 
Albert, John 
Albert, Jacob 
Bayler, Daniel 
Burns, James 
Cochlin, John 
Crouse, Christian 
Cooper, Samuel 
Caniield, James 
Oreiger, Jr., Peter 

Total, 



COMPANY G 

Hardenstine, Henry 
Huber, Henry 
Hoifman, William 
Houser, William 
Jones, Lewis 
Keidlinger, Henry 
Kantner, Charles M. 
Miller, Tillman W. 
Mease, Levi 
Murphy, Michael 



Moore, Henry W. , 
Miller, Peter 
McGloghlin, Jamca 
McQuire, James 
Reinoehl, Henry 
Rehr, George S, 
Steel, Isaac D. 
Woods, Thomas L. 
Wolf, Elias 
Wren, Richard 

30 



COMPANYI. 

Captain, HEBER THOMPSON. 1st Sergeant, 

Li«uimant, Geo. W. McAllisteb. 2of ♦' 



Isaac Hall. 
Isaac Hkith. 



zu 



Thk Third Year of the War. 



Company I, Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry — Continued. 



3(/ Sergeant, James A. Crinnian. 
4fA " Thos. B, Stewart, 
bth ** James C. Davis. 
^h " Fred. Hillbish. 
1th *' C. L. Conner. 
\tt Corporal, John Morressey. 



2d Corporal, Owen P. Keho. 



4th 
6th 



Allen, Thos. 
Andrews, Joshua E. 
Bohanon, Thos. 
Boden, Wm. 
Croslaud, Lewis C. 
Cramer, Sainl. 
Davis, David T. 
Dechant, Wm. J. 
Bck, Wardes 



PRIVATES : 

Flattery, James 
Gulling, Philip 
Hetherington, Jas. 
Ilomerth, Wm. 
Hummel, Abraham 
Lewis, Henry 
Mason, Samuel W. 
Montgomei"y, Wm. 
Ochternocht, Henry 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Privates, 



Casper Sherman. 
Peter Pontzler. 
Morgan Davis. 
John Smith. 



Partridge, John 
Simpson, Thos. A. 
Siltz, Wm. 
Strouse, John 
Schloss, Isaac 
Sands, Albert 
Taylor, Charles 
Wessner Henry 



13 
26" 



Total, 



41 



C M P A N Y L . 

Captain, WILLIAM WREN. 

PRIVATES : 



Bousman, Pearcc 
Cohoon, John G. 
Glenn on, William 



Hellenthal, Bernard 
Hackman, Henry 
Reber, George W. 

Commissioned Officers, 
Privates, - - • . 



Sullivan, Patrick 
Troy, Michael 

1 

8 



Total, 



recapitulation. 



Field and Staflf-Officers, 
Company A, 

C, - - 

- D, - ■ 
F, - - 

- G, - - 

I, - - 
L, - - 



4 

- 16 

1 

- 3 
171 

- 30 
41 

- 9 



Total, 



275 



The Third Year of the War. 



315 



NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT. 

A number of the veterans of this Regiment re-enlisted, and it 
received recruits to some extent, but not sufficient to enable tho 
Regiment to retain its organization at the expiration of its term 
of service in August, 1864. At that period the members of the 
Regiment were mustered out of service, with the exception of the 
following re-enlisted veterans and recruits. Their organization 
was called ^'Ninety-sixth Battalion, P. V.,^' and was temporarily 
attached to the Ninety-fifth Regiment. There were two Com- 
panies — E and L — as follows : 

COMPANY E. 

lit Lieut., FRANK W. SIMPSON. Sd Corporal, Daniel T. Wallbk, 

2dLieut., Chas. C. Russell. 

1st Serjeant, John \\\ IlroHEs. 

2d " PuiLip W. Cool. 

Sd " William Smith. 

ith " Joseph Gee. 

bth *' Reuben Balliet. 

1st Corporal, William Beynon. 

2d " William Daniels. 

PRIVATES 

Bartholomew, James 
Berdnia, John 



4ik 


' William D. Tbaut 


6 th 


' John Foley. 


&ih 


' Lewis Frederics:. 


7 th 


' John Miller. 


Sth 


' James M. Dens. 


Muncia 


n, George Sterling. 


a 


"Solomon Spo'hn. 



Brown, William 
Britten, William 
Barnes, George 
Bittenbender, Levi 
Buff, Henry 
Buchman, Levi 
Bell, William 
Cantield, James N. 
Clifton, Mashloc 
Carj, Martin 
Dresher, Stephen 
Derneer, Jeremiah 
Donegan, John 
Earnst, Christian 
Evans, John 
Fry, Henry A. 
Ford, Edward 
Fry, George K. 
Fox, Charles C. 
Hettinger, Aaron F. 
Hartman, George H. 
Heller, Reuben 



Hollister, James 
Howard, David 
Jones, David 
Klinger, Levi 
Klinger, Jeremiali 
Keeler, Joseph 
Kromas, George 
Kromas, Levi 
Kisppaugh, Elias 
Londsedle, George 
Latferty, John 
Leffler, William 
Lutz, Adolph 
Litman, Bernard 
Lambert, Matthew 
Martin, Daniel 
Miles, Edward W. 
Marshal, Alexander 
Mensinger, Stephen 
Martz, Samuel 
Morrel, Matthew 
Ming, Joseph 
Muman, Samuel 
McNulte, John 
Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Ofl&cers, - 
Musicians, - _ - _ 

Privates, , - - - 
Total, - - . - 



Neatharaer, Henrj 
Noble, Richard 
Nans, David 
Paden, Charles 
Purcell, Thomas 
Ramsay, William S. 
Sands, James 
Stair, Peter 
Simpson, John T 
Stegncr, George 
Symns, Sylvester 
Seiwell, Samuel 
Seiwell, Tilman 
Schwartz, Joseph 
Tiiompson, John 
Templer, Emanuel 
Washburn, John 
Whetzel, John 
Welsh, Michael A. 
Woodring, Henry 
Woodring, William 
Wright, Jacob 
Welsh, Libert J. 



2 

13 
2 

n 

88 



316 



The Third Year of thb War. 



COMPANY L. 



Ut Lieut., LEWIS LUCKENBILL. 
Itt Serjeant, William CnRREN. 
2d " John Sullivan. 
td " John Welsh. 
4M Charles Fisiikr. 

PRIVATES 



1st Corporal, Arthur Brakkboak, 
2d ** James Soye. 
8c? " Thomas Gribben. 
Musician, James Zulich. 



Adcock, William 
Becker, Thomas 
Bradley, Lawrence 
Broderick, John 
Carlin, James 
Crosson, Wm. IT. 
Dull, George W. 
Downly, Patrick 
Donnelly, John 



Garrigan, Hugh 
Haley, Charles 
Hart, Dominic 
Kranch, Jacob 
Kavcnaugh, John 
Llewellyn, Gomer 
Lannau, John 
Laddy, Paddy 
Moor, Thomas 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, - 
Musicians, - - - 

Privates, - • - 



Morgan, Thomas L. 
Murphy, James 
McCarty, John 
McGrath, Lawrence 
Beb, Adam 
Shelley, Charles 
Salmon, J. 
Zimmerman, Solomon. 



1 
26 






Total, - T 

Tn addition to tlie above the following are tlie names of mem 
of Schuylkill County who enlisted in the Regiment in the Spring; 
of 1864 : 



Bronnan. James 


Mack, Michael 


O'Brian, John 


Bell, William 11. 


Murray, John 


O'Neal, James 


Comford, Edward 


Murpliy, Michael 


llyan, Patrick 


Fogarty, Thomas 


^lalcy, Thomas 


Kyan, James 


Follman, John 


Moran, James 


Sullivan, John 


Gallagher, Michael 


Muldowney, Matthew 


Treiny, "William 


Hennessey, Daniel 


O'Brian, Michael P. 


Woodford, Charles 


Luke, John 


O'Brian, Hugh 




Total, 





23 


9 


bkcapitulation. 




Company 


E, - - - - 


88 


<i 


L, - . . . 


- 35 


Additional enlisted men, - 


23 


Total, 


. . 


-146 


FIFTIETH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 


Art, Isaac 


Bixler, Jackson 


Dodge, Levi 


Binkley, Daniel 


Clouser, Joseph 


Dornsife, Jeremiah "\T 


Beach, Charles 


Clark, Edward W. 


Deitrich, Philip 


Boyer, Jacob 


Christ, Harry 


Erdman, Lenniary 


Boyer, Philip 


Delcamp, Daniel 


Fox, Peter 


Bixler, Edward 


Dressier, Jacob 


Godschall, Joel 


Bxesaler, Martin 


Dornsife, Isaac H. 


Geist, Noah 


Breasler, Franklin 


Dolcamp, Joseph 


Uonenstine, Joel 



The Thikd Year of the "War. 



317 



Company A, Fiftieth Regiment — Continued, 



Henry, John 
Henry, Jacob 
Klauser, Simon 
Krebs, Lewis 
LucjIs, Peter F. 
Michael, Hiram 
Maurer, John H. 
Otto, Joseph 
Philips, Abraham 
Pinkerton, Benjamin F. 

Total 



Steckley, John 
Stutzman, Jonathan B. 
Seifert, John 
Stoop, Daniel 
Starr, Abraham F. 
Stutzman, Nathaniel 
Schreiber, Augustus F. 
Schwenk, Abraham K. 
Shadel, Henry 
Shade, Jacob 



Troutman, Elias T. 
Troutman, Emanuel 
Wiest, Francis K. 
Wiest, Hiram K. 
Wiest, Samuel B. 
Wolf, Michael 
Zerbey, John EL 
Zimmerman, John H. 
Zimmerman, George 
Zimmerman, Lewis 

54 



C M P 

Captain, DANIEL F. BURKERT. 
\si Lieut., William H* Hiney. 
'Id Lieut., JouN Eckel. 
1st Sergeant, Y/illiam Hill. 
2d '< Augustus Mellon. 

'■id " Charles E. Brown. 

4ith " David Roudenbush. 

bth " James H. Levan. 

1st Corporal, Saiiuel A. Losch. 



ANY C. 

2d Corporal, Levi Eckekt. 

3(/ " Alex. P. Gareet. 

4^A " Henry Hill. 

5'A " George Schwenk. 

G//i " John Dowle. 

Musicians, Henry B. Miller, 

" Yolney Bell. 

" Clinton McGibbiss. 

" Wm. H. Gensler. 



Agley, Samuel 
Burkert, Gottlieb 
i^erger, Elias 
Baker, V/illiam 
Bartlett, Albert 
Baker, L. 
Burkert, Charles 
Berger, Daniel 
Bousman, George 
Benedict, Jacob 
Comber, Alpheus 
Correll, Rolandus 
Cake, George 
Dibler, Henry 
Dankle, Peter 
Dilcomb, Peter 
Eckle, Emanuel 
Eckert, John 
Eckert, William 
Eckert, Isaac 
Eckert, John N. 
Everhart, Daniel 
Fritz, Peter 
Fritz, John 
Gulliver, Christian 
Guertler,^ William D. 
Qetler, Jacob 

27 



PRIVATES : 

Hoffman, Samuel 
Hoffman, William 
Hoffman, Jerome 
Hehn, Heni-y 
Heebner, Edward 
Heebner, George 
Hehn, Jacob 
Hehn, William 
Harner, Romandes 
Kiehner, Stoughton 
Koch, William J.^ 
Kerrigan, Garret ' 
Knarr, Charles 
Knarr, Benjamin 
Lehman, Josiah 
Lloyd, Adam 
Lloyd, Thomas 
Lloyd, George W. 
Long, Joseph 
Losch, William G. 
Moyer, George 
McCullough, Patrick 
McHargne, John 
Martz, John B. 
Martz, Samuel 
Martz, Daniel 
Oswalt, Charles 



Oswalt, Israel 
Oswalt, Edward 
llupp, Thomas 
Rieger, Edward 
Reed, George 
Riley, Michael 
Ryan, John 
Reed, John 
Reigan, Albert 
Reinheimer, Franklin 
Sharon, Franklin 
Shoppell, Charles 
Schwab, Adara 
Schwenk, Samuel 
Scheck, Frederick 
Scheck, Jacob 
Sirles, William 
Sullivan, Daniel 
Tyson, William 
Tyson, Irvin 
Williams, William 
Williams, Charles 
Williams, Patrick 
Warner, Levan 
Wagner, William 
Wiltermuth, William 
Wright, Josiah 



318 The Thiiu> Year op the War. 

Company C, Fiftieth Regiment — Coniinued. 

Commissioned OiEcers, - - . . 8 

Nou-eommissioned Officers, - - - - 11 

Musicians, --.-.. 4 

• Privates, - ------81 

Total, 99 

COMPANY D. 

Darifl, Thomas P. 

Total, 1 

COMPANY K 
Hilbcrt, Daniel Clauser, Jacob K. 

Total, • - 2 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, 54 

C, - 99 

D, ------ - 1 

" K, 2 

Total, 156 

TWENTY-EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMEN1\ 

Shoemaker, Jacob 

Total, - . ^, - . - .1 

FORTY-SIXTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY K. 

Darmody, William Fox, John Knipe, Ephraim F. 

Total, .- - 3 

FIFTY-FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT, 

COMPANY E. 

Captam, GEORGE H. HILL. Corporal, Wm. Fowlbu. 

PRIVATES : 

Ansty, Philip Craymer, ►: — McCann, John 

Bannan, John S. Conway, Thoma?" Patten, Thomas 

Billman, Daniel Churchfield, Patrick Welsh, Luke 

Billman, Solomon Dunlap, George 

Commissioned Officer, - . - • . .1 
Non-commissioned Officer, - , , \ 

Privates, -- 1| 

Total, - ja 



The Thikd Year op the War* « 319 

COMPANY F. 
Fowler, James ♦ 

Total, 1 

BECAPITULATIOX. 

Company E, ------ 13 

♦' F, 1 

Total, - - - . . - 14 

SIXTY-SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY B. 
Campbell, Thomas Dallas, John 

Total, 2 

COMPANY K. 

Sergeant, Benjamin F. Bartlett. Corporal, Samuel Shoenee. 
Corporal, Daniel Christian. 

PRIVATES : 

Albertson, George Davis, Benj. B. Schoener, Franklin A. 

Christian, Benj. . Langton, Martin Schmila, Wm. 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 3 
Privates, ------- 6 

Total, .--.--- 9 

NINETY-THIRD PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY B. 

Limt., Wm, H. Riland. Fox, Jacob 

COMPANY C. 

Barton, William F. Eastwood, John 

COMPANY B. 

Sechrist, Christian 

Total, 5 

NmETY-SEYENTH PENJ^SYLVANIA REG'T. 
COMPANY H. 

O'Hara, Charles 

Total, 1 

ONE HUNDRED AND FIRST PENN'A REG'T. 
COMPANY K. 

GrofiF, Valentine H, Perry, John Tomlinson, Joseph 

Morris, Dick 

Total .--.-- 4 



820 • The Third Year of the "War. 

OIS^E HUNDRED A¥D OTNTH PENN'A REG'T. 
COMPANY F. 

Boran, James Horan, William McGill, James 

Breanan, Owen Mahan, Michael Prosser, John 

Total ------ 6 

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH PA. REG'T. 
COMPANY A. 

Drey, Daniel 

COMPANY F. 

Herring, Isaac 

Total, 2 

ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTIETH PENN'A REG'T. 

COMPANY D. 

Everhard, Abraham 

Total, 1 

ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-FOURTH REG'T. 

[This Regiment— a new one— was recruited in different parts of the State. Its com- 
mander was Col. Storer.] 

COMPANY F. 

Lieutet^inf, W. D. Williams. Serjeant, S. S. Dull. 

miVATES: 
Adam, 11. W. Hearter, George Riffert, Emanuel 

Boltz, Fred'k Krise, Chas. Richards, Joseph 

Dull, John F. Lehman, P. F. Trefskar, Anthony 

Eckel, Percival Miller, John F. . Trefskar, Bertram 

Gallagher, John Marks, Jr., John Wert, Michael 

Goldman, Chas. Reinoehl, L. C. Whetstone, Sam'l H. 

Hearter, Jacob 

Commissioned Officers, - . - . l 
Non-commissioned Officers, ... i 

Privates, ' - 19 

Total, 21 

TWO HUNDRED AND TENTH PA. REGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

Corporal, M. Montgomery L'Vellb. Tiley, Uriah W. 

Total, 2 

THIRD PENNSY^LYANIA CAYALRY. 
COMPANY C . 

Roan, James E. *> 

C M P A N Y L . 

Bourk, John Donahoe, James Keating, James 

Donahoe, Patrick J. Green, D^iniel Lean, Thomas 

Duffv, John Keating, James F. 

Total, -9 



} 



The Third Year of the War. 321 

FOURTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

COMPANY B. 7 

Blake, James 

Total, 1 

FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY . 

Drumheller, John Morley, Francis 

COMPANY a. 
Lloyd, Edmund Lloyd, George 

Total, 4 

SIXTH PENNSY^LVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY E. 

Aubrey, Thomas Mace, Samuel Schultz, Henry 

Eager, James F. 

Total, ^ 

EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY A. 

Carrigan, James Miller, Christian Yately, John 

Gamble, Edward Owen, James 

. COMPANY B. 
James, Owen O'Neal, Peter Reilly, Jamea 

COMPANY F. 

Griffin, Michael, McKern, John Rice, Patrick 

Larkiu, Owen McLyn, Henry 

COMPANY I. 

McCall, Charles 

COMPANY M. 

Nunemacher, Israel Ward, John 

Total, 16 

NINTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

McConnell, John T. H. 

Total, - 1 

ELEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY H. 

Shoemaker, Edward 

Total, 1 

TWELFTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY A. 

Clifford, Levi Owens, Lawrence Salmon, Daniel 

Clifford, Charles Stevenson, William 

Total, 6 

27* 



322 The Third Year of the War, 

THIRTEENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY A. 

LyncL, Michael Powell, John , 

Total, 2 

SEVENTEENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY H. 

Vt'ard, James 

Total, 1 

TWENTY-FIRST PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 
COMPANY A. 

ScbrocJer, Charles Stein, Henry J. — 

Total, 2 

FIRST PENNSYLVANIA HEAVY ARTILLERY. 

COMPANY B. 

Daker, Martin Donner, John 

Total --.-.. . 2 

SECOND PENNSY^LVANIA ARTILLERY. 
COMPANY B. 

Conway, Martin 

COMPANY I. 

Baltz, Charles L. Kelly, Thos. Reppel, John 

Conner, Thos. Muth, William H. Rose, John 

Fernsler, Henry 0. K. Matter, AVilliam H. Shanley, John 

Iletherington, Edw. S. O'Neal, Michael Troay, James 

Helms, John S. 

Total, - - - - - - - - 14 

THIRD PENNSYLVANIA ARTILLERY. 
COMPANY H. 

Davis, Edward Light, William 

Total, 2 

ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-SECOND PA. ART. 

COMPANY F. 

Casey, John J. Graady, Thomas Kelly, Barney 

Delaucy, John Harrod, Thomas Leslie, James 
Flagherty, Patrick 

Total, 7 • 

FOURTH UNITED STATES INFANTRY, 

Howard, Michael Hawk, James B, 

Total, 2 



The TniRD Year of the War. 



323 



FIFTEENTH UISTITED STATES INFANTRY 



Adam, Henry 
Cowers, John 
lirlnton, George 
Birkiubine, John 
Bradley, Michael 
]]alrd, Chp.rles 
JJrcnnan, James 
Bradley, William 
Barrett, John 
Carrol, Peter 
Camphell, John 
Carney, John 
Crosby, Lewis 
Clark, John 
Devine, Philip 
Elliot, John 
Fell, Bartholomew 
Focht, James 
Farley, John 
Gannon, James 
Gunning, William 

Total, 



Gillmore, Nathan 
Higgins, James 
Hibbit, Thomas 
Hamilton, John 
Irwin, George 
Jennings, Michael 
Kelly, James 
King, John 
King, Michael 
Keim, John M. 
Lynch, John 
Lee, jNIartin 
Llewellyn, John 
McGhan, Henry 
McDonald, Thomas 
Mich, John 
Magnan, Peter 
McDavid, James 
Mason, John C. 
Marshal, Bichard 
McMenamiu, John 



Morncy, John 
Metz, John 
Miller, John 
Martin, Andrew 
McCoy, James 
O'Brian, Patrick 
O'Hara, Charles 
O'Neil, Patrick 
Philips, Edward 
Pritman, George W. 
Riley, William 
Rorry, James 
Bubey, Michael 
Smith, James 
Sailor, John 
Woods, John 
Welch, John 
"Williams, Charles 
"Wagner, Harvey J. 
Wilson, John 

62 



SIXTEENTH UNITED STATES INFANTRY 



Allen, James 
Brown, Michael 
Burns, Thomas 
Bodey, Thomas 
Brayson, Peter 
Bruce, Peter 
Baldwin, Frederick A. 
Brown, John 
Connelly, Patrick 
Clark, John 
Crouse, Charles 
Cain, John 
Connelly, Luke 
Boran, James 
Dawson, John 
Donnelly, John 
Daler, Edward 
Froulk, William 
Farrel, James 
Fagan, Michael 
Freny, William 
Gerret, Patrick 
Gibson, Thomas 
Grant, xVrthur 
Gill, James 

Total, 



Harrison, Charles 
Hare, Francis 
Hagerty, Peter 
Horan, Thomas 
Harross, James 
Henderson, William 
Harrington, John 
H.Jl, Henry 
Kruming, Michael 
Kelly, John 
Kelly, John 
Lynch, Peter 
Logan, James 
March, John 
Mitchell, Robert 
McGuire, Tliomas 
McCann, Mishael 
Murray, Charles 
McCay, George 
Murray, James 
^loran, Patrick 
Mears, John B. 
Maghan, John A. 
Mullen, William 



O'Neill, Patrick 
Osborn, John 
Parker, John 
Quinn, John 
Riley, Martin 
Ryan, James 
Piiley, Edward 
Riuay, Michael 
Ross, John 
Rooney, John 
Sweeney, John 
Seymour, Michael 
Stanton, George 
Sudler, Henry 
Sweeney, Augustus 
Smith, Philip 
Stroup, Peter 
Smith, John 
Slack, John 
Smith, Thomas 
Sonner, Edward 
Todd, John 
White, John 
Williams, Barney 

73 



324 



The Third Year of the War. 



FIRST UNITED STATES CAVALRY. 

Bloomfield, Christ. Gilmore, Patrick Miller, Henry 



Cover, Samuel 

Total, 



Gilmore, Patrick 
Lcman, Francis 



FIRST UNITED STATES (COLORED) IN£^ANTRY 

C O M P A N Y K . 

Harrison, "William H. Lee, Charles 

Total, -.---.- 2 



THIRD U. S. (COLORE^D) INFANTRY. 
COMPANY B. 

Enly, Elijah 

COMPANY D. 

Cole, John C. Wilson, Charles H. 

Total, - S 

EIGHTH U. S. (COLORED) INFANTRY. 

Biiular, Henry A. Enty, Jonathan Powell, Thomas 

Dellaman, George Groom, John H. Thomas, Charles 

Enty, Gabriel Lee, Edward 

Total, - - - - •- - - 8 



THIRTY-SECOND U. S. (COLORED) INFANTRY. 

COMPANY B. 

Jackson, George 

Total, 1 



GRAND RECAPITULATION. 

Forty-eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, 

Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, - - - 

Ninety- sixth Pennsylvania Regiment, 

Fiftieth 

Twenty-eighth 

Forty-sixth 

Fifty -fifth 

Sixty-seventh 

Ninety-third 

Ninety-seventh 

One Hundred and first Pennsylvania Regiment, 

•' ♦' " ninth " 

«• '* " sixteenth '* 

" *' " fiftieth <« 

*' " '« eighty-fourth 

Two hundred and tenth Pennsylvania Regiment, 
Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, - _ - 

Fourth " " - _ - 



931 

275 

146 

156 

1 

2 

14 

11 

6 

1 

4 

6 

2 

1 

21 

2 

9 

1 



Total, (carried forward,) 



1688 



The Third Year of the War. 325 



Total, (brought forward,) - 1588 

Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, - - ". - - - - 4 

Sixth " '' 4 

Eighth " «<-.-.*-_ 16 

Ninth '' '• 1 

Eleventh " . *' 1 

Twelfth '* " 5 

Thirteenth <' " 2 

Seventeenth '« " 1 

Twenty-first '* " 2 

First Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, - - - - 2 

Second Pennsylvania Artillery, 14 

Third " " 2 

One hundred and fifty-second Penn'a (Art.) Pteg't, - - 7 
Fourth United States Infantry, - - - - - 

Fifteenth " " *«._'-.-- 62 

Sixteenth " '' <' 73 

First United State's Cavalry, ----- 5 

First United States (Colored) Infantry, - . - 2 

Third " " <' " .... 3 

Eighth '< " <« u . _ . - 8 

Thirty-second " '' " . - . . i 



o 



Grand Total, - - - - ^ - - - 1805 



THE SIEGE OF KNOXVILLE, TENN. 

Before entering upon a review of the operations of the great 
campaign of Gen. Grant in Virginia^ in 1864, as far as .the Re- 
giments from Schuylkill County are concerned, we must glance at 
the attempt of the rebels under Longstreet, in November, 1863; 
to capture Knoxville'. They were however, signally defeated by 
the Ninth Corps, of which the Forty-eighth and Fiftieth Penn- 
sylvania Regiments formed part. The endurance and valor dis- 
played by our troops on that trying occasion, make a bright page 
in the history of the war. 

Colonel H. Pleasants of the Forty-eighth Regiment, wrote to 

us under date, "Knoxville, Nov. 27, 1863,'^ as follows : 

The rebels had arranged a well concerted plan to drive out or cap- 
ture Gen'l Buruside's army. They sent Wheeler's cavalry across the 
Little Tennessee river, and attacked oUr forces south of the Holston 
Pviver, driving them back to the hills opposite Knoxville. They were 
here checked and repulsed by Gen'l Sanders. Simultaneous with this 
movement, Longstreet with his corps crossed below Loudon and attacked 
the 9th Army Corps and Gen'l White's Division of the 23d Army Corps, 
Our forces fell back to Knoxville, but at Campbell Station there was 
quite a little fight, where the 48th behaved well, and lost two of its 
jaen — Serg't Joseph Reed, Co. H, killed, cind private Isaac Arndt, Co. I, 



326 The Third Year of the War. 

who was wounded seriously by a shell and left in a house. The siege 
of Knoxville began on last Tuesday, a week ago ; since that time there 
has been continued skirmishing, and three hard fights. The 2d Michi- 
gan Reg't on the left of the line, made a sortie and drove the rebels ou4 
of their rifle pits. On the south side of the river Col. Cameron's Brigade, 
•23d A. C, drove the rebels back with heavy loss, and the 48th Pa., with 
the 21st Mass. Reg't, three days ago sallied out and drove the rebels 
from their rifle pits in a gallant manner. 

From another correspondent we received the following : 

Knoxville, Dec. 5, 1863. 

The siege of Knoxville was raised this morning — the last of the rebel 
rear guard leaving our front about d.iylight. The cavalry has started 
in pursuit, and squads of prisoners are being brought in every few 
minutes. From them we learn that Longstreet's force was greater than 
was supposed ; the reinforcement of three brigades from Buckner's 
corps, under Bushrod Johnson, which reached him some ten days ago, 
having increased his army to 80,000 men, and caused the assault of last 
Sunday, 

; The battle at Campbell Station was a short but brilliant affair. Our 
brigade of the 2od, and a part of the 9th Corps repulsed the rebel attack 
in a handsome and effective manner. 

The siege of Knoxville has been a signal failure ; it did not prevent us 
from obtaining forage and provisions from the country south of the 
Holston River, and the several attacks, commencing with the one south 
of said River and ending with that on Fort Sanders, were met with de- 
termination and ended in complete and bloody defeats. The 48th RegL 
has, during the whole of this campaign, at Campbell Station and in 
their charges on the enemy's rifle pits, behaved well. The officers and 
men have borne the privations and hardships of the siege without a 
murmur, and their commander has been constantly at his post of duty. 
Col. Sigfi-ied's Brigade went out this morning in pursuit of the enemy, 
and no doubt they will bring back some prisoners. 

Gen'l Sherman's advance, consisting of about a thousand cavalry, 
arrived here yesterday morning at three o'clock ; and Longstreet having 
heard of the defeat of Bragg, and the arrival of reinforcements, im- 
mediately commenced his retreat. Gen'l Grant's management of this 
campaign has been masterly. He ordered Burnside to let Longstreet 
cross the Tennessee River and to hold him in East Tennessee until he 
would attack Bragg. He crushed the rebel army of the west and im- 
mediately dispatched Sherman and Granger to our assistance. Thus by 
tliis strategy 30,000 of Bragg's best troops were detained here while he 
did not spare one single man of the Army of the Cumberland until the 
great struggle was over. 

The next letter we received was from Major Joseph A. GiV- 
mour, who commanded the Forty-eighth with consummate judg- 
mefit and ability, during the entire operations. He very kindly 
and thoughtfully, furnished us with a list of the casualties of 
his command. The Major's letter is as follows : 

Headquarters 48tii Reg., P. V. \ 
Knoxville, Tenn,, Dec, 6, 1863. j 

1 have the honor to transmit the following list of casualties in my 
command, since Nov. 15th, to date : 



The Third Year of the War. 327 

Sergeant Joseph Reed, Co. H, wounded at Campbell Station, Tenn., 

Nov. IGtli, died Nov. 16th, 18G3. 
Corporal John Sponsler, Co. H, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 29, 

died Nov. 29, 1863. 
Private Joseph Weise, Co. H, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 24th, 

died Nov. 28th, 1863. 
Private Jonas Haldeman, Co. I, killed at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 29th, 

1863. 
Private Charles "Weaver, Co. I, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Dec. 3d, 

died Dec. 5th, 1863, 
1st Lieut. Jacob Douty, Co. E, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 24th, 

1863. 
2d Lieut. Henry C. Jackson, Co. G, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 

29, 1863. 
Private Martin Tobin, Co. C, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 24th, 

18.63 ; severe. 
Private J. F. Wildermuth, Co. H, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 

22d, 1863. 
Private James Heiser, Co. I, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn , Nov. 29th, 

1863. 
Private John Murphy, Co. K, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 23d, 

1863. 
Private Austin Farrow, Co. F, wounded at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 28th, 

1863. 
Private George Livingston, Co. A, missing in action at Campbell Station, 

Tenn.^ Nov. IGth, 1863. 
Private Daniel Root, Co. B, missing in action at Enoxville, Tenn., Nov. 

29th, 1863. 
Private Robert McElrath, Co. C, missing in action at Enoxville, Tenn., 

Nov. 24th, 1863. 
Private James Brennan, Co. E, missing in action at Enoxville, Tenn., 

Nov. 29th, 1863. 
Private Isaac Arndt, Co. I, missing in action at Campbell Station, Tenn., 

Nov. 16, 1863— severely wounded in hip ; left on field. 
Private J. E. Sherman, Co. E, missing in action at Enoxville, Tenn., 
Nov. 29th, 1863. 

I am, respectfully, 

Your ob't servant, 
J. A. GiLMOuR, Major Commanding. 

Capt. Oliver C. Bosbyshell — subsequently in Virginia promoted 
Major of the Forty-eighth, upon the death of the brave, devoted 
Gilmour — wrote us the following graphic account of the part 
borne by this Eegiment during the operations : 

Headquarters 1st Brig., 2d Div., Oth A. C. 1 
Camp near Rutledge, Tenn., Dec. 12th, 1863. j 
It may not be uninteresting to give you a resume of the doings of this 
Brigade, but more particularly the 48th, during the last month. At the 
risk of wearying you somewhat, here's at it. Let me preface my jot- 
tings down of the last month's actions, with a remark or twa concern- 
ing the activity of the Union forces since their first occupation of East 
Tennessee. This Brigade left Camp Nelson on the 12th of September, 
1863, and since then to the present time, just three months, has march&d 



328 The Third Year of the War. 

•364 miles and traveled by railroad 128 miles, making 492 miles in all, 
besides liavins^ engaged in three lights and as many skirmishes, and 
being besieged twenty days. Whoever declares that the campaign m 
East' Tennessee has been an inactive one, deserves to be conscripted and 
fed on quarter rations for a period of three years. 

On the 14th of November orders to break camp rcjjched us at our 
beautiful camping ground near Lenoir. On the 15th >ye were at 
loudon skirmishing with the rebels all day— this Brigade being the last 
to leave and in part protecting the rear of the Army of the Ohio, m its 
retreat toward Knoxville. Upon being relieved. the Brigade was pushed 
forward to the front, (stopping long enough at Lenoir to be ft-esh ration- 
ed ) to take up a position on the Kingston road, which leads into the 
Knoxville road near Campbell Station, and upon which there was every 
reason to believe the enemy would come in on to cut off our retreat to- 
wards Knoxville. It was daylight when the Brigade reached the spot 
desio-nated. Col. Sigfried, to whom the ta^k of preventing the enemy s 
appS)ach in this direction had been assigned, had scarcely thrown for- 
ward his cavalry skirmishers half a mile, when they became engaged 
with the rebel skirmishers. It became evident that much depended up- 
on our holding this position. Gen. Burnside's orders being to hold it at 
all hazards, until reinforced, and well was it held, although the Brigade 
was severely pressed on all sides. The lighting at the junction ot the 
roads was sharp and savage. Receiving orders to fall back we did so m 
«rood style Thus opened the battle at Campbell Station. It was an all 
day's fi^ht, commencing early on the 15th, and darkness put an end to 
it The fio-ht after the affair in the woods at the junction of the roads, 
became one of tlie grandest sights in military display. The battle-fiehl 
was clear from woods and obstructions of any kind, so that the partici- 
pants could view the movements of each other without diiiiculty. We 
could plainly discern the enemy's movements, and then all our own were 
visible also. It was a grantl military drill, and beat all the evolutions 
of a battalion day one could imagine. Some say Gen. Burnside is in- 
capable of handling a large body of troops. An eye \ptness of bis skill- 
ful manoeuvring on the battle-field at Campbell Station, will say differ- 
ently It is the opinion of those that ought to know, that there have 
been few if any battles fought during this war in which so many evolu- 
tions had to be performed, and in which troops had been so skillfully 
handled Your correspondent does not pretend to set up his own opinion, 
but he made good use of his eyes and certainly never beheld a grander 
picture nor ever before noticed how beautifully every movement coincided 
with a iountermovement of the enemy. Major Gilmou^' arrived from the 
East in time to participate in this engagement, and commanded the 4Sth 
during it. The regiment behaved well and lost one killed, (Serg t Jos. 
Reed Co. H,) one wounded and a prisoner, (private Isaac Arndt, Co. I,) 
and one missing, (private George Livingston, Co. A.) After dark the 
retreat was continued to Knoxville, where we arrived early on the morn- 
ing of the 17th. 

Knoxville Gen. Burnside determined to hold, so the pick and the ' 
shovel were brought into requisition, and digging and shoveling becamd i 
as regular a habit as drawing one's breath. Finally we succeeded in 3 
becoming strongly entrenched— impregnable as was afterwards proven. 
One of the most severe duties to be performed was picketing. Scarcely v 
a day passed but some of our men were killed or wounded on the picket 
line and indeed so close did the rebel pickets get, that it was unsafe 
for a head to appear above our line of entrenchments, as was demon- 



The Third Year of the War. 329 

Btrated by the killing and wounding of several of the Brigade. On the 
night of the 2od of November, the picket line in front of this Brigade 
■was driven in by a strong column of the enemy. Col. Sigfried deter- 
mined to re-establish his line, so he selected for that purpose the 48th 
Penn'a Regt., and the 21st Massachusetts Regt. At daylight on the 
morning of°the 24th, these two Regiments made a most gallant charge 
(the 48th being led by Major Gilmoui', who managed the alfair most 
handsomely) driving the rebels back in great confusion, killing and 
wounding a number, and capturing some prisoners. Our line was 
re-estabUshed. The 48th behaved most nobly. Its conduct not only on 
this occasion, but many others, deservedly stamps it as a veteran organ- 
ization. Be it understood that tlie 21st did well also, but I speak par- 
ticularly of the 48th, because the people reading this feel more interest 
in it. On one other occasion our pickets were driven in, but the line 
was re-established by the 2d Brigade. The picket line of this Brigade 
at the end of the siege, remained in the same place it Held at the open- 
ing of the siege. It would render my letter of an almost interminable 
leno-th were I to describe the many scenes and incidents attending the 
sie^^e of Knoxville. Never were troops called upon to endure greater 
hardships, or placed in more perilous situations, and not once did they 
shrink from doing their duty. Of the assault on Fort Sanders you have 
already better accounts than I can give. It clearly demonstrated to 
Lon<^street that our works were going to be defended and that our posi- 
tion'' was impregnable. The anxiety attending the siege was keenly 
visible on all countenances, but one could plainly discern the determi- 
nation of holding out to the bitter end. This feeling all possessed; not a 
man in the trenches but said we would hold our position. Longstreet 
held out as long as he safely could, but deeming it politic to escape the 
snare being laid for him, pulled itp stakes and left on the evening of the 
5th inst. About 9 o'clock the same morning. Col. Sigfried took his Bri- 
gade out to gather up what stragglers could be found in the neighbor- 
hood. The 48th did the skirmishing and brought in a number of pri- 
soners. By four in the afternoon we returned to Knoxville, having 
scoured quite a considerable part of the country. Monday last we 
started after the rebels and reached this point on Wednesday, where we 
are at present, resting from the severe trials of the last month. 

I have given you but the mere skimming— better pens than mine must 
describe the realities we have passed through. In justice to the noble 
soldiers of this army it should be done. Braver men never drew the 
breath of life— they are soldiers every inch of them. The service just 
, ended was one requiring hard, downright courage— one sure to try the 
true grit of any man, and this army has passed through it bravely. 

The casualties in the Fiftieth Regiment, during these opera- 
tions, were as follows : 

Emanuel Faust, Co. A, killed at Campbell Station. _ 

Sergt. H. Gechler, Co. H, wounded at Campbell Station. 

A. Gift, Co. E, wounded at Campbell Station. ^ 

M. McKeon, Co. D, wounded at Campbell Station. 

J. Bedford, Co. K, wounded at Campbell Station. 

Wm. Cole, Co. I, wounded at Knoxville. 

Henry Deibler, Co. A, wounded at Knoxville. 

James Birnie, wounded at Knoxville. .„ , .. ^ . x x i 

P. McMillai^colored servant, wounded at Knoxville; left foot amputated. 

28 



sso 



The Third Year of the War. 



ADDENDUM. 

After tlie immediately preceding pages had been '-worked off^* 
by the printer, we received from the Orderly Sergeant of Co. E, 
Two-hundred and Tenth Regiment, P. V., a list of the names of 
Schuylkill County men in the Company. We insert the list here, 
on the principle of ^'better late than never." Mr. Bower, the 
Sergeant referred to, informed us in his letter, that Mr. L'Velle, 
who went out with the Company from this County, was at the time 
of writing. Sergeant- Major of the Regiment : 

TWO HUIsTDEED AND TENTH PA. KEGIMEIS'Te 
COMPANY E, 

Captain, John Cook. Corporal, Charles Wagneil 

2d Lieut., Wm. S. Morris. ^* Charles P. Koch. 

1st Serjeant, 'Samu'E'l Bower. ^ '* J. J. Wagner. 

'' Wm. H. Keller. '• Bbnj. Haines. 

" Uriah W. Tiley. ." Jos. E. Thomas. 

" John Gartly. " Epward Fletoheb, 
Coi'poral, John R. Miller. 

PRIVATES: 

Burke, Patrick Hyman, B. Naughton, Michael 

Barnes, James Houseknecht, Benj. J. Oriel, John 

Barrett, Mark Hagerty, John Paul, William 

Betz, Henry C. Joice, John Rasteterf Lawrenoe 

Curly, Michael Jlrebbs, Pharon W, Reed, Ed. A. 

Davidson, Sam'l Koednitz, Lewis Stolte,- Lewis 

Daddow, H. S. Kelley, John Schrader, Bernard 

Evans, Thomas E. Leahy, Frank Stride, James 

Evans, Reece M. liewis, Henry Sarick, Jos. 

Foust, Charles Lintz, Alfred Thomas, John BL 

Hart, Alex. McKoy, Wm. Walker, Christopher 

Hinchkliff, Sam'l Morley, James Webster, Elias 

Hussey, Thomas McMullen, Rob. Ward, Michael 

Hoffman, R. McKearnan, John Whims, James 

Hoffman, B. McKabe, Joseph Yost, James 

Commissioned Ofificers, - - - - 2 

Non-commissioned Officers, - - - 11 

Privates, . - - - . - 45 

Total, .--..- 58 

COMPANY H. 
1st Sergeant, G. W. Garber. 

Total, 1 

Previous Grand Total, - - , - 1805 

Correct Grand Total, - - - - 1864 



THE CAMPAIGN OP 1864. 

On the afternoon of March 3d, the Seventh Pennsylvania Ca- 
valry, Col. Wm. B. SipeS; which had been recruited to much more 
than the maximum number, left Harrisburg for Chattanooga. — 
Before his departure from Potts ville, Col. Si pes was the recipient 
of a handsome sabre, belt and sash. The presentation took place 
at the residence of Mr. Thomas Russel, Mahantongo Street. The 
tnft came from a number of the well-wishers and admirers of the 
Eegiment, residing in the counties of Schuylkill and Northumber- 
land. The work on the sabre was executed by the firm of Simon 
& Bro.; Philadelphia, and is really beautiful. The blade of Dam- 
f^cus steel, contains a fine etching of an engagement. The handle 
is surmounted by an eagle, and contains a large, peculiarly fine 
amethyst. The grip is of ivory, neatly carved. The scabbard, 
which is ornamented with taste and skill, bears in addition to the 
letter ^^S" set with diamonds, the following inscription : '^Presented 
to Col. Wm. B. Sipesy 1th Regiment, Pennsylvania Veteran Ca- 
valry, hy the Frienda of the Regiment, 1864." The cost of the 
gift was S200.* 

The presentation was made on behalf of the donors, by Eev. 
8. F. Colt. In his remarks Mr. Colt adverted to the valuable 
sei-vices in the field of the Regiment and its Colonel ; of the acts 
of kindness that had endeared the commander to his men, and of 
the feeling of gratitude and admiration that had prompted the be- 
stowal of this gift. The donors were happy in the opportunity to 
thus honor their brave defenders, who by their deeds of arms had 
pierced the heart of the Southern Confederacy. 

Col. Sip^s in response, thanked his kind friends for this beauti- 
ful testimonial of their regard. It was another link in the chain 
of kind acts which he had experienced here, and which bound 
him to this people. He disclaimed any peculiar merit for what he 
had done. It was simply his duty. He trusted that his future 
acts in the service would warrant this evidence of esteem. He 
thought that this war will remove from our National escutcheon 
many dark stains that have disfigured it, and in :its results make 



332 The Campaign of 1864. 

us a greater, a better, a happier country. In conclusion the Col. 
again earnestly thanked his kind friends for the honor of which 
they had deemed him worthy in presenting to him these beautiful 
gifts. 

On Monday, March 12th, the Forty-eighth Regiment left Potts- 
ville for Annapolis, Md., where its Corps, the Ninth, was ordered 
to rendevouz. A band, which had been organized for the Kegi- 
ment by Mr. Wm. J. Feger, left Pottsville on the 13th of April 
to join the command. 

Before Col. Sigfried left Pottsville to join his Regiment, the 
Forty-eighth, a number of ladies presented him with a field glass. 
The presentation took place at the residence of Lieut. Bohannan, 
on the evening of April 18th. A silver plate on it bore the fol- 
lowing inscription ; ^'■Presented to Col. J. K. Sigfriedj 48^7i Penn- 
si/lvania Vols., hy tlie Ladies of Pottsville.'' Hon. C. W. Pit- 
man made the presentation on behalf of the donors. 

The Colonel made an appropriate and touching reply. The en- 
tire affair was one of those pleasant social reunions which are 
rarely forgotten by the participants. The Colonel left town on the 
25th. The same week the Regiment moved from Annapolis into 
Virginia, with the Ninth Corps. As the force marched through 
Washington, it was reviewed by the President, Gen. Burnside 
and both Houses of Congress. It is said to have presented a 
magnificent appearance. Gen. Grant's movement upon Richmond 
was thus fairly inaugurated. On the 3d day of May the advance 
of the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan without serious 
opposition. 

On the 6th of May however, a series of battles commenced, 
which lasted until Gen. Grant had his army firmly established in 
front of Petersburg, running over a period of two months. They 
were sanguinary contests, and tested the valor and endurance of 
our soldiers to their utmost. This campaign is unparalleled in the 
military history of the world for continued and persistent fighting. 
Gen. Grant was uniformly successful in his strategy, out-gener- 
aling Lee in every movemeot, and compelling him to abandon 
strongly fortified positions and fall back until finally he rested 
within his defences at Richmond. 



The CAMPAiaN of 1864, 333 

In these encounters the folloAving named Pennsylvania Regi- 
ments, containing Schuylkill County men, participated : Forty- 
eighth, Ninety-sixth, Fiftieth, Fifty-fifth, Eighty-eighth, Sixty- 
seventh, Ninety-third, One hundred and sixteenth. One hundred 
and eighty-fourth. Seventeenth and Twenty-first Cavalry. 

We will give the losses sustained in these engagements, as far 
as Schuylkill County men are concerned : 

FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Pleasants, commanding the Regiment, wrote 
to us under date, "Battle Ground near Spottsylvania, Va,, May 15, 
1864,'^ as follows ; 

I send you a list of the casualties in the 48th Regt., from the 6th of 
May to this date. In the battle of the Wilderness, the Regiment was 
hotly engaged on the Gth, and skirmished in front on the 7th. On tlie 
6th 350 men, including nearly all the veterans, skirmished all day on 
the right, and the rest of the Regiment moved with the main portion' of 
the 9th Corps, and vrere hotly engaged in the centre. The rebel army 
having fallen back, the 9th Corps, was moved to Chancellorsville on the 
8th. The 48th was not engaged until the 11th, when one division ad- 
vanced on towards Spottsylvania on the evening of the lOtli ; but the 
battle was not begun near us until the morning of the 12th. We fought 
all day, and our Regiment having caught three Georgia regiments in a 
little hollow, with rising, open ground behind, which prevented them 
from retreating, completely annihilated them. We took over one hun- 
dred-prisoners ; one squad of them which I sent to the rear under Lieut. 
Bowen, amounted to forty-eight. Afterwards all the troops of our Di- 
vision were ordered to make a charge, and the 48th advanced in excel- 
lent style through an open, marshy ground, under heavy fii'e ; but the 
troops on both our flanks having given way, the Regiment was moved 
by the left flank into, a ravine in the woods and shielded from the des- 
tructive fire of the enemy. 

Our loss has been heavy, but the 48th behaved well, and in the action 
of the 12th, owing to our position on the brow of a hill, five rebels were 
killed, wounded ar taken prisoners, for every man lost by us. 

Since the 12th, a few men have been wounded by sharpshooters, and 
we still remain in the front line. 

We have to mourn the loss of many brave men, and one of my best 
officers, Lieut. Henry C. Jackson, who was mortally wounded in the 
neck. 

Very respectfully, your friend, 

Heney Pleasants. 

The list of casualties referred to by the Colonel— from the 6th 
to the 15th of May — is as follows : 

COMPANY A. ' 

Killed— Lewis M. Robinhold, Isaac Otto, John J. Huatzinger, Abel 
a T. St. Clair. 

28* 



334 The Campaign of 1864. 



Wounded — Sergt. A. C, Iluckey, Corp. Cliarles Brandenburg, Corp. 
Jacob S. Ilonsberger, Morgan Leiser, Benjamin F. C. Dreibelbeis, 
Clias. Hillegas. 

COMPANY 13. 

Killed — Corp. David J. Davis ; Matthew Hume, Frederick Knittle, 
Laurentus C. Moyer, Daniel Wary, Jolin Deitz. 

Wounded — Scrgt* Thomas B. Williams, Sergt, Wm. Kissinger ; Gott- 
lieb Schaufler, David Deitz, John Brown. 

COMPANY C. 

Killed — Daniel Brown. 
■ Wounded — 2d Lieut. Wm. Clark, Sergt. Jones Geier ; Michael Mohan, 
AVm. Neely, Wm. J. Haines, Murtz Brennaii, James Coakly. 

Missing — George C. Seibert. 

COMPANY D. 

Killed — Jonathan Kaufman. 

Wounded — 2d Lieut. H. E. Stichter, Sergt. Henry Bothenberger, 
Corp. Edward Lenhart; James Deitrick, Botto Otto, Ferry L, Strausser, 
Geo. S. Beissel, Wm. F. Moyer, John Kehler, Jonas Miller, Joseph Zeig- 
Icr, Pat. Cooligan, Andrew Knittle, Gustavus H. Miller, Henry D, 
Moyer. 

Missing— Edward H. Ebert, John D. Weikel.. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — Lawrence Farrel. 

Wounded — Sergt. John C. McElrath, Corp. Sam'l Clemens ; James 
McLaughlin, Geo. W. SchaefFer, David Williams, Vf. Simmons, G. W. 
James, W. C. James, James Mcighan, Pvob't Penman. 

Missing — Wm. Gutshall. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed— David F. Thiol, John Morrissy, Lewis Woods, Bichard 
"Williams. 

Wounded — Sergt. Bich'd Hopkins, Corp. John Powell; Wm. E. Tay- 
lor, Israel Manning, Anthony Carroll, Wra. S. Wright, "James Brennan, 
And. Westner, Henry Holsey, Wm. H. Kohler, John Eddy, John T. Reese, 
John Crawford, A H. Y/hitman. 

Missing — Geo. Kramer. 

COMPANY G. 

Killed — 2nd Lieut, H. C. Jackson ; William Williams. 

Wounded — Serg. R. M. Jones, Corp. Geo. Fame; John Becker, Adam 
Hendley, James Spencer, M. Berger, John Armstrong, Clay W. Evans, 
Pat'k Grant, Wm. Maurer, John Kautter, Patrick Savage. 

COMPANY H. 

Killed — Abraham Benscoter. 

Wounded — Sam'l Fryberger, AVilliam Donnelly, Wm. Huber, Benj. 
Koller, John Klinegina, Daniel Ohnmacht, Albert Davis, John Steven- 
son, Mich'l Melarkee, Daniel Cooke, John Gruikshank, Mich'i O'Brien, 
Charles Focht, John Olewine, Joseph Edwards, Thos. Palmer, Jos 
Chester. 

MissiNG^-Harrison Bright, Michael Scott, Lewis Aurand, James 
Wentzell. 

' COMPANY I. 

Killed — Henry J. Ege. 

Wounded — Sergt. L. Swain, Sergt. J. Ongstodt, Corp. D. Klase, Corp. 



■•} 



The Campaign oe 1864. 335 

W. Knittle ; Charles Lindemuth, F. Boner, C. W. Horn, M. Dooley, W. 
Tyson, C. DeLong. 
Missing— W. B. Beyerle, B. McArdel, W. B. Shearer. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — John W. Henn. 

Wounded — Corp. Geo. J, Weaver ; David R. Dress, Elias Fenster- 
macher, Thos. Fogerty, Henry R. Schulze, Franklin Ehly, Simon Hofl- 
man, Andrew Weaber. 

Col. Pleasants again placed us under' obligations by furnishing 
us with the following account of the operations of the Regiment 
and its casualties; from the 15th to the "Slst of Pvlay : 

Headquarters, 48th Regt., P. V. V., 
Field South of Pamunkey River, Va. 
May 31st, 18G4. 

I have the honor to inform you of the casualties of the Regiment sinoe 
the 15th inst., to date, and its present situation, which is within a gun 
shot of the enemy, supporting a battery. The Regiment had been en- 
gaged this morning on skirmish line, and an hour ago was relieved by 
some other troops, and ordered to support our Brigade battery. While 
I am writing our troops are keeping up a very heavy and continual fire 
on the line. We are three miles from the Pamunkey River and twelve 
miles from Richmond, advancing slowly towards the latter place. Wo 
have been under fire every day but three since the loth, moving gra-d- 
ually to the left on the enemy's flank. The boys stand it very well. 

Wounded — Major Joseph A. Gilmour, left leg — amputated shortly 
afterwards. 

COMPANY A. 

Wounded — Jacob Kerschner. 

COMPANYB. 
Wounded— t-lst Lieut. Wm. H. Humes; John Barren, Sam'l Heckman, 
James Frazier. 

COMPANY D. 

Wounded — John B. Boyer, Henry D. Moyer, Charles Deitrick. 

COMPANY F. 
Killed — Patrick Doolin, Henry IMcCann. 

Wounded— Sergt. Richard Hopkins ; John Crawford, Henry Dillman, 
David Kreiger. 

COMPANY H. 

Killed— 2d Lieut. Samuel B. Laubenstine, Corp. Chas. Norrigan. 
Wounded — John Gallagher. 

COMPANY I. 
Wounded— Sergt. Francis Allebach, Christian Seward, Frederick 
Henry, Herman Buntz, James Boner. 

Very Respectfully, your Obedient Servant, 

Henry Pleasants, Lt.-Col. Commd'g Eegt. 

In addition to the above we had the following letter from a 

member of Co. D, 48th Eeg't, dated : 



336 The Campaign of 1864. 



Camp 48th Rect., P. V. V. \ 
June 2d, 1864. j 

We are about five miles from the Pamunkey River and twelve from 
Ricbmond. The Regiment is building rifle pits about thirty yards front 
of an orchard. The sun is very hot and it is quite a luxury to be able 
t;o be in the shade. Major Gilmour was wounded in the leg ilay before 
yesterday, and had it amputated. The boys are all very sorry because 
it happened to "be his fate to be hit. He was beloved by his whole Re- 
giment, for he is a kind and good officer and a gentleman. Lieutenant 
Samuel Laubenstine was killed, and Lieut. W. H. Hume wounded in the 
arm. These three officers were all shot at nearly the same spot. I sup- 
pose some rebel sharpshooter had range of that particular piece of 
ground. Last night a man by the name of Koch of Co. A, had his skull 
fractured by a piece of one of our shells. We had a pretty sharp fight 
at dusk all along the line, and tremendous cannonading on our left, to- 
ward the Chickahominy. Our Regiment was not actually engaged, but 
it was a wonder that no more were hurt by our shells, for they burst 
right overhead of the right wing of the Regiment. 

On the 4tli of June Col. Pleasants again wrote to us as follows : 

Battle-Field, near Geove Church, Va., ) 

June 4th, 1864. / 

Yesterday our Division had a very severe engagement with the enemy 
on the extreme right of the Army. We drove them over a mile, but our 
loss was heavy. Last night the Rebels retreated, and, judging from the 
number of dead and quantity of arms left on the field, their loss in our 
immediate front must have been over one thousand. We exploded one 
of th©ir caissons ; another was left behind, and over thirty artillery 
horses lie dead in front of the 48th. 

There was a general engagement along the line, and I understand we 
"were successful everywhere. I send you a list of our killed and wound- 
ed from the 1st of June. 

Yours, truly, 

U. Pleasants. 
COMPANY A. 

Wounded — Wra. Koch, Geo. Betz, serious, John Hugg, Simon Snyder, 
Elias Linns, Corp. lleckman, J. D. Ash, Sam'l Eckroth, Israel Britton. 

COMPANY B. 

Wounded— Serg't Sam'l C. Strauch, Serg'tRob't Campbell. 

COMPANY C. 

Wounded— 1st Lieut. P C. Loeser, 2d Lieut. Wm. Clark, Patrick Far- 
rell, John Dolan, Thomas Boyle. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — David Williams, 

Wounded — Daniel Boyer, by cannon ball on breast, severe, Dan'l E. 
Reedy, mortal, Serg't E. Tosh, serious, John Clemens, Rob't Beverage, 
Eevere, Patrick Brennan, Chas. Quinn, Albert Cummings. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — Edw. G. Pugh, Wm. Smith, 

Wounded — Sergt. Jas. N. Easton, Corp. Rob't D. Paden, George H. 
Jones, J. Kuhns, W. E. DufiFy, severe, Cyrus Hanes, Jamea Bradly, 8«- 
7ore, Jas. Houte, serero. 



The Campaign of 1864. 337 

COMPANY G. 

Killed — Corp. Alex. Govan, Private Jas. Allison. 

Wounded — Sergt. C. F. Kurntzler, Corp. Jno. Ilatton, Wm, Martin. 

COMPANY II . 

Killed — Joseph Alexander. 

Wounded — Joiin C. Benedict, Sergt, Henry Berustecl, Coi-p. Henry C. 
Matthews, Corp. Wm. A. Lloyd, Jos. S. Hays, Anthony O'Donnell, Jas. 
Welsh, Wm. Davis, Edw. Metz. 

COMPANY I. 

Killed — Wm. J. Price, Benj. B. Kershner, Geo. Dresh. 

Wounded — 1st Sergt. Oliver Davis, Sergt. Jacob Ongstadt, Corp. E. 
C. Kehl, severely, Peter Kellei', Jno. Clark, severe, Wm. Owens, severe, 
Jno. H. Cooper, J. Willour, severely, Wm. Kramer. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Jacob Lauby. 

Wounded — H, W. Haas, Milton Nagle, Wm. C. Keiser, Thos. Hudson. 



A BRILLIANT CHARGE. 

On tlie l7tli of June a gallant and successful assault of a por- 
tion of the enemy's works near Petersburg, Ya., was made by the 
First Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Army Corps, of which the 
Forty-eighth Regiment formed part. During the charge the Re- 
giment recaptured the- colors of the Seventh New York Regiment, 
of Second Corps, which had been captured by the enemy the day 
previously while on a charge. Also, the Rebel colors of the 44th 
Tennessee Regiment. The Brigade took 1170 prisoners and two 
pieces of artillery. The casualties of the Regiment in this charge 
were as follows : 

COMPANY A. 
Wounded— Elias Britton, mortally, John Holman, John McLean, John 
Cochran, Wm. Huckey, John H. Shaffer, Joel Lius. 

COMPANY B. 
Wounded— Sergt. R. Campbell, Corp.. James Rider. 
Missing — Corp. A. Wi-en, Jacob Wigner. 

COMPANY C. n 

Wounded— Sergt. H. Weiser. 

COMPANY D. 
Wounded— Lieut. J. Helms, severe, Corp. Jacob Deitrich, severe, L. 
Deitrich, severe, J. D. Casper, Joseph Beiilinger, severe. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — John Major. 

Wounded— Wm. Reasons, severe, Thomas Clemens, severe, James Re- 
gan, severe, Jas. Mercer, severe, R. B. Thompson, severe. 



a38 The Campaign of 1864. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — H. F. Straub, Isaac Lewis. 

Wounded — INfurt Erennan, Pat Boran, Corp. Robt. Wallace, E. L. 
SLissler. 

Missing — Mike Lavell, Wm. Auclienback. 

COMPANY G. 

Wounded — Lieut. C. C. Pollock, severe, Howard Jones, severe, Joshua 
Eeed, severe. 

COMPANY H. 
Killed — George W. Morey, Jefferson W. Beyerle, James Mulholland, 
Anthony Gallagher. 

Wounded — Lieut. D. B. Brown. Charles Eberle, Lewis Aurand, Jona- 
tti^ Dillet. 

COMPANY I 
Wounded — Lieut. Joseph Edwards, severely, Frank E. Ringer, .Wm, 
Kramer, severe. 

COMPANY K. 
Killed — Nathan Rich. 

Wounded — Sergt. Thomas Irwin, severe, John Gillinger, Oliver W. 
Schwartz, David Houser. 

The following were the casualties on the following day, the ISih: 

COMPANY A. 

Wounded — Henry Schroyer, Francis M. Stidham, severe, James W. 
Sterner, Wm. Dreibelbeis, Jos. Dreibelbeis. 

COMPANY C. 

Wounded — Gilbert Graham. 

COMPANY D. ' 
Wounded — Jos. Lindemuth. severe. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — Simon Devlin. 

COMPANY H. 

Killed — Thomas Davis. 

COMPANY I. 

Wounded— Corp. Ben. Williams, Chris. Seward, Sam'l T. DeFrehn, 
severely'', Jacob Reichwein, Charles R. Koch, severely. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Arthur L. Gray. 

The following additional casualties we received from the officers 
eommanding companies, after the Regiment reached Petersburg : 

COMPANY a: 

[The following are up to September 12th, 1864.] 
Killed — Lewis Hessinger, at Petersburg, June 22d. 
Wounded — Lewis R. Loyo, severly, Aug.. 10th, in front of Petersburg. 

Israel Britton, June 7th, at Cold Harbor. Jabez McFarlin, June 7th, 

at Cold Harbor. 

COMPANY B. 

• [The followiug are up to September 12th.] 
Wounded — William R. Brooks, June 25th, before Petersburg. Henry 
Slioppel, May 6th, battle of Wilderness. 



The Campaign of 1864. ^ 889 

COMPANY C. 

[The following are up to September 12th.] 

Killed — Abraham A. Acker, June 23d, iu front of Petersburg. John 
Whitaker, June 23d, in front of Petersburg. 

Wounded — Andrew Dunleavy, .June 19th, near Petersburg. William 
Demmerce, Aug. 3d, in front of Petersburg. 

COMPANY D. 

Killed — Henry Dorward, Daniel Okoh. '^ 

Wounded — Jas. L. Baum, Jac. Derr, Nathan Kessler, John D. Weikei 

COMPANY E. 

[The following are up to October.] 

Killed — Daniel Beyer, Oct. 5th, at Pegram's Farm. John Danagb, 
Sept. 80th, at Pegram's Farm. 

Wounded — Corporal Samuel Clemens, May 16, before Petersburg. 
Corporal Wm. J. Morgan, May 12, at Spottsylvania. Corporal Robert 
Penman, June 8, near Cold Harbor. Corporal John Mercer, June 7tli, 
near Cold Harbor. Cornelius Dress, June Gth, near Cold Harbor. Pal- 
rick Grant, June 27th, before Petersburg, leg amputated. Wm. McEl- 
rath, Sept. 11th,. near Weldon Sailroad, Va, John Murry, June 17th, 
before Petersburg. Johix McRay, June 18th, near Petersburg. Daniel 
E. Eeedy, June 3d, at Shady Grove Church, Va. — [The report to us of 
the case of Reedy, is as follows : ''Supposed to have died on board the 
steamer, bound north from White Hoixse, Va. Five Minnie balls passed 
tiu'ough him, two through right leg, one through left leg, one through 
right arm, and one through right breast ; right leg amputated below up- 
per wound."] — iibraham Sigmund, June 3d, at Shady Grove Church, Va. 
Anthony Wade, June 8th, near Cold Harbor. John Watson, June 27th, 
at mine before Petersburg. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — Wm. Smith, June 23d, at Shady Grove. 

Wounded — Capt. Joseph H. Hoskins, Aug. 3d, before Petersburg 
Wm. Duffy, June 9th, at Shady Grove, Va. Hamilton Hause, July 2d, 
before Petersburg. 

COMPANY G. 

KiLLED—Wiliiam Simpson, June 2Gth, before Petersburg. 
Wounded— Patrick Cunningham, May 12th, at Spottsylvania Court 
House. 

COMPANY H. 

[The following are up to September Sth.] 
Killed— Second Lieut. David B. Brown, Aug. 5th, near Petersburg. 
Wounded— Job Hirst, June 26th, before Petersburg. John Lloyd, 
Aug. 3d, before Petersburg. Wm. Schneider, July 29th, near Petere- 
burg. Samuel I'. Skeen, June 23d, near Petersburg. 

COMPANY I. 

[The following are up to August 2Gth.] 
Wounded — Isaac Boltz, June 3d, at Shady Grove. Chas. H. Good, 
June 3d, at Shady Grove. Martin Dooley, June 3d, at Shady Grov«. 
Thos. J. Reed, June 3d, at Shady Grove. Jos. Gilbert, June 15. John 
U-mbenhocker, July 30th. 

COMPANY K. 

[The following are up to January 1, 1SG5.] 
Killed— John F. Dentzer, Dec. 28th, at Fort Sedgwick*, Va. 
Wounded— Sergt. Wm. Laubenstine, Aug. 9. John Bartolet, June 27, 
before Petersburg. Ephraim Whetstone, June 23, near Petersburg, 



340 The Campaign of 1864. 

THE PETERSBURG MINE. 

This great undertaking, planned by Col. Pleasants, and execu- 
ted by the Forty-eight Regiment, was, unquestionably, a promi- 
nent feature of the siege of Petersburg. It was in every way, suc- 
cessful, and had not a sad miUtary blunder been committed after 
the explosion, Petersburg would have been captured. Subsequent 
investigation by the Congressional Committee on the Conduct of 
the War, proved that Gen Meade altered Gen. Burnside's plan of 
assault at the last moment, inducing confusion and producing a 
failure. Gen. Meade was justly censured for his ill-timed inter- 
ference in a plan which, in Gen. Grant's opinion, would, if carried 
out; have been completely successful. Col. Pleasants' part of the 
work was admirably executed, and he and the Forty-eighth Regi- 
ment received from military men and the country, well deserved 
praise. 

The following letter from a correspondent of the New York 

Herald, is a narrative of the commencement and progress of the 

mine : 

Ninth Army Corps, ") 

BEFORE Petersburg, Va., July 27, 18G4. j 

No feature of the siege of Petersburg lias been moi-e interesting, and 
no undertaking more important, than tlie construction of the mine under 
the rebel fortifications. So extensive had been this work, so difficult the 
obstructions overcome, so complimentary its success to the genius and 
perseverance of our soldier^, that more than a passing notice is due 
to it. 

After the investment of the city, about the 20th of June last, when 
our further approach was disputed by the formidable character of the 
rebel woi'ks, our officers began to look about them for the means of ac- 
complishing, with the least possible sacrilice of life, what then would 
have required the most desperate and bloody valor on the part of our 
troops, viz : the successful assault of these works. The expedient of a 
mine originated with Lieut, -Col. Pleasants, of the 48th Pennsylvania 
Regiment. Not that others did not think of it ; but by most of our en- 
gineers the idea was not entertained. 

The distance between our first line and the nearest and most import- 
ant rebel fort was over four hundred yards — too long to hope for suc- 
cess when all the difficulties to be encountered in the way of quicksands, 
underground marshes, and discovery by the enemy, were taken into 
consideration. Col. Pleasants, however, cherished the idea. The rebel 
fort loomed temptingly up in front of his line, and being a man of con- 
siderable natural energy, and possessed of much practical experience in 
mining operations, and knowing that he would be ably supported by his 
regiment, which is mostly composed of miners from Schuylkill County, 
the coal region of Pennsylvania, he, with permission, commenced oper- 
ations. The Colonel had been engaged iu the mining business in his 



The Campaign or 18(54. 341 



'k was 



native State previous to the outbreak of the rebel ion The woi. 
commenced on the 25th of June last, as previously stated. Such was 
the secrecy with which it was conducted that for a long time the project 
was unknown even to those at whose side it was going on It is true 
that reports were in circulation of a mine, but nobody could speak cei- 
tainly of the matter. So much doubt was there, indeed, that tor a time 
it was disbelieved that any such undertaking was on foot. One soldiei 
in the breastworks, by whose side a ventilating shaft emerged told hij 
comrades in the most surprised manner, tkat "there was ^ ^o ?f J^^ ?^^ 
under him a doing something ; he knew there was, for he <^o f^ heai em 
talk " To guard against indiscretion on the part of the pickets, to pre- 
vent any meeting of" our soldiers with the rebels, whereat the secret ol 
The mine might be boastingly or imprudently disclosed, our Pckets were 
ordered to fire continually. Hence the never-ending fusilade on the 
front of the Ninth Corps,' so incomprehensible to tl- other corps, and 
which was often referred to in newspaper paragraphs. The enemy 
doubtless, suspected at first that the undermining was going on, _bu 
when several weeks elapsed without any demonstration their suspicions 
began to vanish, especially as their engineers must have thought the 

^'The^'prTgress'of the work was necessarily very slow and it was not 
until the 25th instant-just one month after inception-that it was com- 
nlet d it he outset one of the most important points was to ascertain 
fhe exact distance and bearing of the rebel fort. Working under ground 
s liteiil y working in the daA. By that particular process of surveying 
iall d -trianc^ulation'' these were , arrived at. To be more explicit : 
d?s ances were laid off upon the ground behind our works From these 
lines as bases, and with\be angles formed by lines extending m the di- 
rection of the fort, a simple geometrical problem was formed, the solu- 
tion o? ^h h gave the riquii^ed distance. Five different tnangulations 
gave a insult of five hundred and ten feet. The excavation was com- 
Lnced in the side of the hill whereon our exterior line of woiks luns 
?£e tunnel, or, to use the technical term, "gallery," is about four and a 
half feet hi^rh, nearly as many foetwide at the bottom, and two feet wide 
at the top.^ The Znnl army pick was not suited to the work, as its 
flukes were too broad to permit their swinging in the tunneL 

Ths difliculty was easily overcome by ^^-^^g ,^«^/?^^t f,"". fronVtk '' 
o\.c. nf fbP rPP.ular mininc^ pick. Water was met witii not far from tke 
Entrance and^fo. a Ume gale no little trouble. The floor, however, was 
nUnM and the sides Snd ceiling shored up. A quicksand was met 
S, und! fo obviate it, the range of the tunnel was curved upward so 
Uiat the latter half was several foet higher than at the entrance. Ihe 
fz ng of the water formed mud in several places, so that the regm.en 
.ame from their daily labors bespattered and stained. In fa^c, itwa. 
•a^v durinc the past month to recognize a 48th man by his muddy boots 
' The ear h,°as fast as excavated, was conveyed in hand barrows, made of 
cracker bixes or half barrels, to the mouth, where it was emptied mo 
bags which were afterwards used on the top of the breastworks. In 
this manner no betraying accumulation of earth took place^ 

The ventilation of the tunnel was most ingeniously effected. J t 
within our exterior line of works a shaft was sunk to the side or the 
ILnnel at its iunction with which a fire-place was buiU, with a grating 
opening into he gallery. One end of a series of tubes made of pine 
boards^was inserted through the earth into this fire-place, where as he 
air became rarified and ascended, it created a "suction" or draft m the 

29 



342 The Campaign of 1864. 



tubes connecting ■with the gallery. As fast as the tunnel pi'ogressed, 
additional tubing was jointed on, and followed the workmen step by 
step. The smoke from the fire could not, of course, be concealed ; but, 
to withdraw attention from it, fires were kept burning at various points 
along the line. The lighting of the tunnel was effected simply by plac- 
ing candles or lanterns along the walls at a distance of about twenty 
feet apart. 

At length' the end was reached, and the triangulation was abundantly 
verified by the noises overhead. The nailing of timber and planks could 
be distinctly heard, and left no doubt that the men were directly beneath 
the rebel fort. The enemy were evidently making a flooring for their 
artillery. As near as could be ascertained, the distance from the tunnel 
to the fort was twenty feet. 

After it was sufficiently evident that a p^int directly under the fort 
was reached, the construction of the mine was commenced, . The angle 
of the fort projects toward our lines, and under this angle the tunnel 
diverged into two galleries, each running as near as could be ascertained, 
under each side. It was the intention to make the mine consist of eight 
magazines, placed at intervals along these branch galleries, so that the 
entire length of the fort might be blown up, in place of one spot. 

The mines are eight in number — four in either branch gallery. In 
some cases they are built in niches, and again right across the tunnel. 
They- are two by two, and the explosion will result in four craters, tan- 
gent or intersecting each other. 

The explosion of the magazines will be effected through tubes of pine 
wood, six inches square, half filled with powder. They run along the 
bottom of the tunnel, and enter the magazine through openings made 
for them. Between each pair of magazines and over the tubing is the 
"tamping" of sand bags and logs. 

The tubes extend only one hundred feet from the mine ; thence they are 
connected with the mouth of the tunnel by fuses, the regular " sure 
fire" coal mining fuses of Pennsylvania being procured especially for 
the purpose. 

The mine was charged to-day. The quaniiiy of powder used v: as six 
tons! Pause, and think of it. Six tons, twelve thousand pounds! Im- 
agine eight dry goods boxes (the magazines resemble them in size or 
shape) filled with powder, and you will have an idea of the mine. What 
a terrific spectacle is in store for us. 

The following is an account of the explosion : 

Headquarters of the Army or the Potomac, "I 
In Front of Petersburg, Sunday, July 31. / 

The main feature of yesterday's operations was the blowing up of a 
Eebel fort early in the morning, within three-quarters of a mile of Pe- 
tersburg, to the south-east of that place, which is described as a scene 
of most terrific grandeur. The fort had been undermined at the dis- 
tance of 500 yards by a shaft under the superintendence of Lieut. -Col. 
Pleasants, of the 48th Pennsylvania Eegimcnt, who is a practical miner. 
The fort was occupied at the time of the explosion by four companies 
of the 18th South Carolina Eegimcnt with six 12-pounders brass can- 
non, gun-carriages, caissons, heavy ammunition, kc. 

The cross chamber of the shaft running along under the fort at a 
depth of some twenty feet, was charged at three difierent points, centre 
and each end, with in all about ten thousand pounds of blasting pow- 
der. The first attempt to touch off the mine failed, on account of some 



The Campaign of 1864. 348 

defect in the fuse, caused by dampness, wliich delayed operations an 
iiour ov two. 

Tliis defect being remedied, the fatal match "was applied, and up "went, 
with a jarring, dull thug, an oblong acre or more of ground, in three 
distinct earth-spouts, to a distance of a hundred feet or so, mingled with 
the guns, gun-carriages and caissons, and the mangled forms of the 
gunners, all coming down in a common sepulchre, men and machinery 
being buried, from a partial covering to a depth of twenty feet. The 
explosion has left a deep oblong excavation, some hundred yards long 
and fifty wide, whichis called the '-crater." 

Our troops subsequently charged, but it was af'tei a delay caus- 
ed by the change of plan. It was too late. The enemy recovered 
from the panic into which they had been thrown by the^explosion, 
rallied to their guns, and poured upon our advancing lines such a 
withering fire, that they were repulsed. The golden opportunity 
was lost through the fatal action of a general ofl&cer. 

There were some interesting incidents preceding the explosion. 
Four o'clock in the morning of the eventful day found Coflonel 
Pleasants with watch in hand, mounted on our earthworks, wait- 
ing for the grand explosion. Anxious with excitement he waited, for 
the fuse had been lighted by his own hand, and a few seconds would 
prove the truth or incorrectness of his theory. The time for the 
explosion had passed, when Lieut. J. Douty and Sergt. H. Reese, of 
the Forty-eighth, volunteered to enter the gallery and ascertain 
the cause of the delay. The fuse which was ninety-eight feet in 
length, was extinguished. Fifty feet had been burned, but the 
remainder was intact. A knife being necessary, Sergeant Reese 
hurried to the entrance, and obtaining one, returned, Everything 
was finally adjusted. At 4 J the fuse is again lighted, and the 
men in the trenches clench their guns with a tighter grasp, and 
aWait the explosion. Five minutes passed, and all remains silent. 
The Rebe(s in the fort, unconscious of their doom, sleep on ; the 
sun, as if anxious to witness the spectacle, mounts the horizon, 
and at that moment the earth heaves and trembles as if shaken by 
an earthquake. An instant, and then a terrific explosion ; huge 
masses of earth, lifted as a child would toss a marble, men, cannon, 
caissons, limbers, forges, guns and timbers are belched forth high 
ia air, and descend with a heavy "thud,'^ a shapeless, chaotic mass. 

It is doubtful whether any of the occupants of the fort made 
their escape from death or capture. Numbers were doubtless en- 



344 The Campaign of 1864. 

gulfed in the yawning crater when the huge mass descended, and 
if alive, were so deeply entombed as to render extrication impos- 
sible. Shapeless masses, once men, were found in the debris, and 
some were found half buried, and were dug out with bayonets, 
sticks and swords. 

An officer, while sitting in the ruins, resting his hand on the loose 
earth thrown up by the explosion, fancied that he discovered a mo- 
tion beneath. Taking a piece of board, he explored the dirt, and iu 
a moment uncovered the face of a rebel who had been buried in 
the ruins. He was uninjured, although nearly suffocated by his 
premature burial. The crater formed by the explosion, was oblong 
in shape, about one hundred and fifty feet in length, and twenty- 
five in width. The destruction of the fort was complete. Four 
companies of the 18th South Carolina Kegiment, with a portion of 
another, were buried in tlie debris. 

A complimentary order of which the following is a copy, was 
subsequently issued by the Commanding General : 

IIead-Quakters, Army or tpie Potomac, \ 
C.cuerpJ OfJers, ) ' August 3d, 1864. j 

No. p± j 

The Commanding General takes gieat ploasui-e in acknowledging the 
valuable services rendered by Lieut. -Col. Henry Flea.^anls, 48th Regt., 
I'onnsylvania Veteran Volunteers, and the officers and men of his com- 
mand, in the excavation of the mine which was successfully exploded 
on the morning of the 30th ultimo, under one of the enemy's batteries 
iii front of the Second Division of the Ninth Army Corps. 

The skill displayed in the laying out of and construction of the mine 
reflects great credit upon Lieut. -Col. Pleasants, the officer in charge, and 
the willing endurance by the officers and men of the regiment, of the 
extraordinary labor and fatigue involved in the pj'osecution of the Avork 
to completion, is worthy of the highest praise. 

V>y command of Major-Genkral Meai>e: 

S. WILLLVMS, ^• 
Assistant. Adjutant Oeneral. 

Official : LEWIS RICHMOND, 

Assistant Adjutant General, 

The reader will agree with us, we think, that the staunch Re 

giment and its indomitable Lieutenant-Colonel, richly merited ifc 

The annexed report of Col. Sigfried, who commanded a Brigade 

of colored troops in the assault, shows how they behaved on the 

occasion : 

Head-Quarters, 1st Breo., 4tii Div., Otii A. C. > 
Defore PETEtiSBURCr, Va., Jttly 31, 1864. / 
Sir: — In obiTdience to orders I movei my Brigade on the morning of 
the 30th in3t., down tha covorel way iin nediately in the rear of Col, 



The Campaign of 1864. 345 

Humphrey's Brigade of the 3d Division. On arriving at the mcado-w I 
was halted by the stopping of Col. H's Brigade. After remaining hero 
sometime, I, in accordance with orders, moved by the Brigade of the 
3d Division at a flank as directed across the field through the crater 
made by the explosion of the mine. Great dif&culty was experienced 
in passing through the ci-ater, owing to its crowded condition; living, 
dead, wounded and dying crowded so thickly that it was very diflicult. 
to make a passage way through. By the great exertions of the ofiicers 
.md heroic determination of the men my Brigade faially made its wav 
through, and was lialted beyond by the Rebel line of entrenchment e, 
which was filled with troops of the 1st, 2nd and od Divisions ; behind 
this line it formed in good order. The 43d Regiment, U. S. C. T., mov- 
ed over the crest of the crater towards tlie right, charged the enemy's 
entrenchments and took them, capturing a number of prisoners, a rebel 
stand of colors, and recapturing a stand of national colors. This line 
was part of the continuous line connecting with the crater. The bal- 
ance of my Brigade Avas prevented from advancing into this line by the 
number of troops of the 1st, 2nd and 3d Division in front of them. This 
position left ray Brigade very much exposed to the fire of the enemy, 
and it was so exposed at least an hour. Owing to the crowded lines of 
troops of the stated Divisions immediately in front, it was impossible to 
get my Brigade on. Just as the troops in front were about to make a 
charge, a white color-boarer, with his colors, crossed the works in re- 
treat, and the troops gave way and sought shelter in the crater, where 
was concentrated a terrific fire from the enemy's batteries and entrench- 
ments. My Brigade held its position until pushed back by the mass of 
troops which rushed back upon it, and until the enemy occupied the 
works to its left and the opposite side of the entrenchments, where, be- 
coming exposed to a terrific flank fire, losing its numbers rapidly, and 
in danger of being cut oft', it fell back behind the line temporarily oc- 
cupied by a part of the 18th Corps, where it originally started from. 
Here it was rallied and placed in position on this line. 

Too much praise cannot be awarded to the bravery of both officers and 
men. The former fearlessly led, while the latter fearlessly followed 
through a fire hot enough to cause the olde&t of troops to falter. 
^- * -x- * * -X- 

Ilad it not bccji for the almost impassable croicd of troops of the hadim! 
Divisions in the crater and intrcnchments, Cemetery Hill would have been ours 
without a falter on the part of my Brigade. 

I am, Sir, very respectfully your obedient servant, 

(Signed) J. K. Siqfried, 

Col. Commanding. 

THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE CONDUCT 

OF THE WAR. 

The difficulties under which Col. Pleasants labored in execu- 
ting his plan — the opposition which he met from general officers, 
would have deterred a less resolute *man from proceeding. Had 
not Gen. Meade fatally interfered at the last moment, the entire 
affair would have been brilliantly successful. The reader can glean 

a fair idea of the cause of the failure from the following abstract 
29* 



340 The CaxMapiGx^ of 1804. 

of a report, made to Congress, by the Committee on the Conduct 
oi' the War, after full and fair investigation : 

WAsniNGTOJv, Feb. 0, I8G0. 

The Committee on the Conduct of the War made a report to-day on 
the unsuccessful movement which followed the ^plosion of the mine 
before Petersburg on the oOth of July last. It covers fifty pages of 
foolscap, and is accompanied by a large quantit}' of evidence. It ap- 
pears from the report that the idea of the mine originated with Lieut.- 
Colonel llcnry Pleasants, Forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
mot the approval of his superior officers. Acting Major-General Porter 
and Major-Goneral Burnside, commanding the Corps. 

Tiie Committee say that Lieutenant-ColoTiel Pleasants labored under 
disadvantages in the successful accomplishment of this important work 
which would have deterred a man of less energy. It was not merely tlie 
evident lack of faith in the success of the enterprise shown by all the 
officers of high rank, bath his Divison and Corps Commanders, but that 
lack of faith was accompanied by an entire failure to furnish the assis- 
tance and implements necess.lry to the success of the undertaking, with- 
in a reasonable time. 

The testimony of Lieutenant-Colonel Pleasants shows that he had to 
dig and mine Avith only the men of his own regiment, that the dirt had 
10 be carried out in cracker boxes, slung between poles, for lack of 
wheelbarrows, and that he was even refused to use an instrument at 
head-(iuarters wherewith to make the necessary triangulations, and that 
General Burnside had to send to Washington for an old fashioned thro- 
dolite. General Meade and Major Duane, Chief Engineer of the Army 
of the Potomac, said the thing could not be done ; that it was all clap- 
irap and nonsense ; that such a length of mine had never been excava- 
ted in military operations and could not be. 

Generals Burnside and Potter were the only high officers who believed 
in it under these disadvantageous circumstances. The main gallery was 
dug live hundred and ten feet in length. The left lateral gallery waa 
thirty-seven feet in length, and the riglit lateral gallery was thirty-eight 
feet in length. The magazines were placed in the lateral galleries. The 
avarage size of the gallery was four and a half feet high and wide. — 
After reviewing the different orders for the movement, and narrating the 
final failure with the loss of between four and five thousand in killed, 
wounded and missing, the disaster is thus summed up: 

Your Committee cannot, from all the testimony, avoid the conclusion 
that the first and great cause of the disaster was the change made on 
the afternoon preceding the attack, in the arrangement of General 
Burnside to place tiie Division of colored troops in the advance; the 
reason assigned by Gen'l Burnside for not taking one of ihe Divisions ot 
white troops for that purpose was fully justified by the result of the attack. 

Their previous arduous labors and peculiar position, exposed continu- 
ally to the enemy's fire, had, as it were, trained tliem in the habit of 
seeking shelter, and true to that training, they sought shelter the first 
opportunity that presented itself after leaving our lines ; and it is but 
reasonable to suppose that the immediate commander of a Corps is better 
acquainted with tJie condition and efiiciency of particular Divisions of 
his Corps than a General further reniote from them. 

Tlie conduct of the colored troops, when they were put into action, 
would seem to fully justify the confidence that Gen.. Burnside reposed 
in tliem ; and General Grant himself, in his testimony, expresses biji 



The Campaign of 1864. 347 

belief that if they had been placed in advance, as General Burnside de- 
sired, the assault would have been successful, although at the time the 
colored troops were ordered in, the white troops already in were in con- 
fusion, and failed in the assault upon the crest beyond the water, and 
the fire of the enemy had become exceedingly destructive. 

The colored troops advanced in good order, passed through the ene- 
my's lines and beyond our disorganized troops there, and stopping but 
a short time to reform made the charge as directed. But the fire of the 
enemy was too strong, and some other of our troops hurrying back 
through their lines, they were thrown into confusion and forced to re- 
tire. The Committee disapprove of General Burnside deciding by lot 
whether the Division of Potter, of Wilcox or of Ledlie sliould lead the 
assault, but there was but little time for selection after General Meade 
had changed the programme. 

General Burnside testified that each of the Division Commanders as 
well as every officer in the command who had given his attention to the 
subject in the least degree, was fully aware of the condition of the white 
troops, as I had previously stated it to General Meade, and were fullj 
impressed with the conviction that the colored troops were in much bet- 
ter condition to lead the attack, and of the w,isdom of using the white 
troops as support. There was no time to be lost, however, and I decided 
that I would allow the leading Division to be decided by lot. The com- 
mittee dwell on the fact that the order of attack as proposed by General 
Burnside was also changed by direction of General Meade, wath the ap- 
proval of General Gi^nt. They also show by the testimony, that when 
the order to withdraw was given by General Meade against the repre- 
sentation made by General Burnside, orders were also issued by General 
Meade for ofl'ensive operations to cease on the right and left of General 
Burnside's position, and General Ori's troops were at the same time 
withdrawn from the position where they had been placed in support of 
the Ninth Corps; the enemy were thus left entirely free to make such dis- 
positions as they chose against Gen. Burnside's force within their lines. 
The Committee also call attention to the fact, that General Grant attri- 
butes the disastrous result of the assault, to a greater or less extent, to 
the troops having been sent in unaccompanied by the Division Com- 
manders. How far the Division Commanders would have been able by 
their presence to have overcome the confusion and disorganization into 
which the troops were thrown from the causes heretofore referred to, the 
Committee are unable to say, but they refer to it as the opinion of the 
highest officer in the service. The Committee also positively disclaim 
any desire to censure the conduct of the white troops engaged, althouo-h 
they confidently think that the original selection of the colored troops 
was the best that could have been made. In conclusion, the Committee 
eay, that, in their opinion, the cause of the disastrous result of the as- 
sault of the 30th of July last, is mainly attributable to the fact that the 
plans and suggestions of the General who had devoted his attention for 
80 long a time to the subject, who had carried to a successful completion- 
the project of mining the enemy's works, and who had carefully selected 
and drilled his troops for the purpose of securing whatever advantage 
might be attainable from the explosion of the mine, were entirely disre- 
garded by a General who had evinced no faith in the successful prosecu- 
tion of that work, had aided it by no countenance or open approval, 
and had assumed the entire direction and control only when it was com- 
pleted and the time had come for reaping any advantage that might b« ' 
derived from it. 



S48 The Campaign of 1864. 

CASUALTIES IN THE FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT 

On the 30th of Septonher, 

Lieut.-Col. Pleasants sent us the following list of casualties 
sustained by the Forty-eighth Regiment in battle, September 30th, 
before Petersburg : 

Sergt.-Major Henry C. Ilonsberger, wounded. 

COMPANY A . 

Missing — Lewis H. Sterner, Frank W. Simons, Sam'l SchoUenberger. 

COMPANY B. 

Missing — John E. Bubeck, Gardner Bell, Jacob Hammer, Thomas 
Griffiths, William Stevenson. 

COMPANY C. 

Missing — Sergt. Samuel Wallace, Murt Brennan, Charles Dintinger, 
William Larkin. 

COMPANY D. 

Wounded — Sergt. George Bowman. 

Missing — Sergt. Henry C. Graeff, KJeorge W. H. Cooper, William K. 
Williams, Daniel Deitricli. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — John Darragh. 

Missing — John Doolcy, Edward Magginnis. 

C iM P A N Y F . • 
Wounded — William Ball. 

Missing — Sergt. Robert Paden, William Fulton, Joseph Finbej, Wra. 
Moore, Michael Walsh, William Koehler, David Miller, Elijah DeFrehn. 

COMPANY G. 

Wounded — Patrick Galligan. 

Missing — Patrick Grant, Nicholas Gross, Joshua Pvced. 

COMPANY H. 

Wounded — Corporal Henry Fry. 

Missing — Henry Jones, Joseph Moore, John Hallady, Philip HQfFren. 

COMPANY I. 

Killed — James Heiser. 

Wounded — Benjamin Williams, Henry Goodman. 
Missing — 1st Lieut. 0. A. J. Davis, Patrick Crowe, .Joseph Cobu3. 
Lttcian Monbcck, Nathan Neifert, Henry A. Neyman, William Weirs. 

C M P A N Y K . 

Missing — George Cross, Thomas Leonard, John Patry, Thos. Fogarty. 
Daniel Boyer, Co. E, killed by a sharpshooter, October 5, 18G4. 



NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT. 

The following is a list of casualties in this Kegiraent from the 
5th to the 16th of May, 18G4 : 

IJ Miles from Spottstlvania C. H. , > 
May 16, 1864. / 
Although our Regiment has been under fire every day since the 6th 
inst., either in line of battle or on line of skirmishers, yet the largest 



The Campaign of 1864. 349 

portion of our casualties resulted from a desperate charge upon the ene- 
my's entrenchments on Tuesday, May 10th, when our Regiment, with 
seven companies, (companies H, I and K being on skirmish line,) made 
a charge and carried three lines of entrenchments ; but the line on the 
right and left of our Brigade not coming up, the enemy brought a cross 
fire of musketry and artillery upon us from our right and left flanks, 
and, unfortunately for our cause, we had to retire again, witli a loss to 
our regiment of 120 out of the seven companies, our Brigade capturing 
and bringing out 1100 prisoners, which exceeded the actual strength of 
the Brigade, after the losses incurred during the charge. 

Our officers and men arc somewhat exhausted from the hard service — 
loss of rest and sleep — and severe exposure; yet we have had no sick- 
ness in the regiment since crossing the Rapid Ann. 

A''ery truly, yours, 

Levi IIuber, 

Major 96th P. Y. 

COMPANY A. 

Killed.— Capt. Edward Thomas, James Sexton, Alexander Smith, 
John Stodd. 

Wounded— Corp. Wm. Bynoon, mortally, Wm. Brown, John Donegan, 
John Folenei% and in enemy's hands, Edward Fenstermacher, and in 
enemy's hands, Daniel Hartlein and in enemy's hands, Michael O'Brien, 
Henry Neadhammer, Nicholas Yost, Matthew Morrell, James Lee. 

Missing— Sergt. Wm. Lord, Sergt. Dav. Pritchard, Corps. Chancey 
Nugent, Edward McCormick and Michael Larkin. 

COMPANY B. 

Killed — Andrew Bucher. H. J. Keefer, Corp. YVm. B. Pveinoehl. 

Wounded — Sergt. P. 11. Barr, Corp. John Ilardenack, Corp. John E. 
Harney, Corp. F. A. Snyder, Jac. Wanner, ^ict. Dubbs, .Foseph Minnig, 
Wm. A. Leffler, Jos. Sterner, Wm. Mangold, severely, Fred. Reinhard, 
Wm. Britten, Jos. Eich, Sol. Moyer. 

Missing in Action — Jno. Reed, Sergt. Dan'l Bonewitz, Sergt, C. F. 
Umbenhower. 

COMPANY G. 

Killed— Sergt. S. Fisher, Corp. Geo. Belker, J. Davis, L. A. Bruns. 

Wounded — Sergt. Geo. Foltz, severely, Sergt. James B. Oliver, Corp, 
Charles Fisher, severely, John Evans, severely, Martin Currey, John 
Hartman, John Simpson, Cyrus Shearer, Martin Carey, Adolph Lutz, 
Jacob Saylor, Wm. Beadle, and missing. 

Missing in Action— Sergt. David Williams, Corp. Frank Knittle. 

COMPANY D. 

Killed— Corp. James Gough. 

WouNDSD— Sergt. Ezra Hendly, Geo. A. Thomas, severely, Jacob 
Hart, Wm. Campbell. 

Missing in Action— -Sergt. Chas. Beaumont, Sergt. Sam'l Seitzinger, 
Edward Friel, 

C M P A N Y E . 

Killed— Sergt. Wm. Zigler, Sergt. Francis Kemp, Samuel McAffee, 
Jacob Wright, William Woodring, Solomon Moyer. 

Wounded — Lieut. -John S. Oberender, Sergt. Jno. Ixler, Corp. Jno 
Foley, Corp. James M. Denn, Levi Billheimer, Christian Ernst, Aaron 
Hettinger, Geo. Landseidle, Richard Noble, Sam. D. Sager and missing^ 
Charles Shadle, Jacob Sims, Sylvester Sims, Manasses Dutter, Jesse 



850 The Campaign of 1864. 



Welsh, Enoch ITunirael, and missing, Greo. Kramer, Henry Bishlien, and 
missing, Geo. Stagaer, Levi Bittenbender, Wm. Ramsay. 

Missing in Action — Corp. Henry Roth, Corp. Lew. Frederick, Casper 
Hutter, Christ'n Kermesel, Elias Kishbach, Albert Klinger, John Kram- 
mer, Richard Lutzy, John Snyder. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — Bartholomew Haffey, John Harley, .Jr. 

Wounded — Capt. E. J. Philips, 1st Sergeant Philip Reilly, Sergt. Wm. 
McAllister, Corp. Bo<iny Fell, Michael Cavanaugh, Thos. Marshall, John 
O'DonncU, Jno. Haely, Sen'r, Corp. Patrick Martin, Geo. Barnes. 

Missing in Action — Corp, Thomas Curry, Sylvester Maddox. 

COMPANY G. 

Killed — Sergt. Benjamin B. Wagner, Sergt. James Ferree, Corp. Josh 
Workman, Frank Workoian, .James Betz. 

Wounded — Sergt. John Williams, Sergt. Jacob "Allword, Corp. J. 
Jerome Miller, John Beard, Geo. C. Bear, Philip Batdorf, Joseph Bal- 
liet, Lewis Fritz, .John Luke, Edward Pugh, John Schollenberger, Ban. 
Stahl, Lsrael Strasser. . . 

Missing in Action — Corp. Joseph Workman, Corp. Eben M. Geary, 
(Prisoner,) Corp. Edwin Moyer, Daniel Betz, Eli Hardinger, David 
Machemer, John Perkey, Heni'y Roraberger, Henry Wiegner, David 
Williams. 

COMPANY^ H. 

Killed — John H. Stedham, Daniel Campbell. 

Wounded — Lieut. Joseph Johnson, Corp. John Shan, Corp. Joseph 
Miidey, Abraham Long, Henry H. Lutz, Nap. Beckelmau, Jas. Brassing 
ton, Wm. H. Crosscn, Thos. Walker, Frank Whetstone, Corp. John Boyer . 

Missing in Action — Dan'l Engel, Jonathan Erdman. 

COMPANY I. 

Killed — Patrick Kelly. 

Wounded — Lieut. Michael Mackey, Corp. John Sullivan, John Samon, 
Timothy O'Connoi", Lawrence McGrath, John Lannon, Peter Ivelly, 
Walter Kenney, Ethan Crandel. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Corp. William Brennen, Thos. Lawler, Martin O'Brien, Jap. 
Moran. 

Wounded — Capt. E. L. Severn, right arm amputated, Sergt. Wm. 
Ablewhite, Corp. Delaney, Dan'l Hennessy, John G. Farrell, Pat. Ryan, 
Sam'l Bell, Andrew Hughes, Thomas Maley. 

MisBiNG IN Action — Jas. Murphy, Matthew Muldowny. 

RECAPITULATION. 

Killed. 
Officers, - _ - - - - 1 

Enlisted men, ----- 31 



-32 



Wounded. 
Officers, '-----_ 5' 
Enlisted men, ----- 108 

113 

Missing in Action. 
Enlisted Men, _39 

Total loss, - - - - - 184 



The Campaign of 18G4. 351 

Several sHglitly wounded having remained -with the Regiment ih tlie 
continuance of their respective duties, are not included in the foregoing 
list. W. II. Lessih, 

Lieut. -Col. Commanding. 

The casualties of the Ninety-sixth in other engagements, werft 

as follows : 

On June 1st, in battle of Cold Harbor, Va., Adjutant Hannum wne 
wounded, and had his arm amputated. 

Major Iluber, slight, Capt. Van llollcn. 

C M P A N Y A . 

Wounded — Jos. Gile, Patrick McGlinchy. 

C M P A N Y B . 

Killed — Sergeant Frank Umbenhower, 

COMPANY C. 

Wounded — Samuel Fisher, John Jones. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — Sergeant Jacob Wagner. 
WouNDED-s-G. Roomes, Henry Woodring. 

COMPANY F. 

Wounded — Corp. B. Fame. 

COMPANY G . 

Wounded — Private Fi-ank Wagner. 

COMPANY I. 

Wounded — Sergeant Wm. McAllister. 

COMPANY K. 

Wounded — Private Thos. Gribbin. 

Wounded — Private Pv. S. Johnson, Fred. J. Avery. (Company not 
given.) 



FIFTIETH REGIMENT. 

In this Regiment, two of the companies- — A iind C — were from 

Schuylkill County. On the 16th of May, Captain Schwenk, of 

Co. A, wrote to us as follows, from near Spottsylvania Cuurt 

House : 

Enclosed you will find a list of the casualties of my Company, in the 
several engagements since May 5th, when ive crossed the Rapidan. 

May 6th the Regiment was engaged in the hottest of the f ght 
at the Wilderness, and drove the enemy in good style to his riile pits, 
which he was compelled to leave during the night. May 9th Col. Christ's 
Brigade fought and whipped the rebels at Ny River on the Spottsylvania 
road. The 50th Regiment charged and drove the rebels nearly half a 
mile. The enemy, three Regiments, ifi turn charged, and came within 
"fifty yards of the Regiment, which repulsed him in disorder, and occupied 
a crest of a hill for which we were contending. May 12th there wag a 
general engagement at this place, about one-half mile north-eagt of 



352 The Campaign of 1864. 

Spotfsylvania Court Douse, in ^liicli our Regiment made a splendid 
charge. We lust heavily. ^ • , , 

Firino- has just commenced on our right, and I cannot finish, but must 
look after my Company. The Regiment in the several cngageraentslost 
at the Wilderness, May 6th, 2 otiicers wounded, 8 enlisted men killed 
and 02 wounded. At Ny River, Uaj 9th, Capt. Burkert was wounded, 
enlisted men killed and 70 wounded. May 12th, 18 enlisted men kil- 
led, 42 wounded and 114 missing, and 2 officers wounded and 4 missing, 
Capt. Cleveland has since died. 

Respectfully, 

Samuel Schwenk, Capt. Co. A. 

Killed — Henry Faust, Simon Reigle. 

Wounded Mortally — Corp. Wm. H. DSicamp, died May 7th, Jaoob 
Henry, died same day, Conrad Carl, died May 10th. 

Wounded Severely— Sergt. Benj. Focht, Jackson Bixler, Dan. Hoffji, 
Nathaniel Rickert, Emanuel Swikert, Elias Xrautman, Michael Wolf- 
gang, Daniel Delcamp, John D. Shearer, Augustus V. Schubei', Michiiel 
VVoll,' Lewis Zimmerman, Abraham Starr, Nathaniel Stutzman, Isaac 
Artz,' and taken prisoner, Aaron Ossman, Cornelius Schlegel, Harrison 
Walton, Philip Dietrich, Jonathan Hearter, John Zimmerman. 

Wounded Slightly — Corp. Geo. Lester, August Weisnei', Benjamin 
Herman, Joel Kramer, Harrison Walton, Isaac Artz, Edward Bixler, 
Wm. F. Clark, Peter Fox, Jonathan B. Stutzman, Joel Strohecker, Sam. 
B.nViest, Benj, P. Pinkerton, Patrick Joice, Abraham Schwenk. 

Missing and Prisoners— Corp. Uriah Wenerick, Corp. Hiram Strau, 
Corp. David Baltou, Edward W. Clark, Josiah Saltzer, Dan'l Stein, Hiram 
K. Wiest, Daniel Burkley. 

The following letter from Sergeant Levan of Co. C, to his bro- 
ther in this County, gives further particulars of the actions in 
which the Regiment was engaged : 

In the Rifle Pits in the Front. 1 
May 21st, 1864. / 

We have plenty to-do, lighting every day and working every night like 
bees. I can't say what the Corps (9th) has done, for the woods are so 
thick, that I can only see our Brigade. We were in the fight on the Uth. 
We lost our Orderly that day, and the loss in our Regiment was heavy. 
On the Uth we met the enemy again. Our Brigade led the advance and 
engaged the Rebels." We laid them out handsomely that day. Captain 
Burkert was wounded in the charge of that day. Our loss was not so 
heavy in the Regiment. V.'o had skirmishing and some small fighting 
until the twelfth, when two Brigades of our Division charged into the 
woods, at the same time the Johnnies came charging on us ; they dis- 
covered us first and got on our flanks and rear. It was terrible ; such a 
shower of grape, canister, spherical case and shells, to say notliing of 
the musketry. But we pressed on and got up to their works, and the 
siglit we saw there ; it was every man for himself. The bayonet and the 
butt of the musket were there brought into play, for there was no time 
to load. They came around us like bees, but every man was a hero 
tliere, and we soon advanced again. I pray that I may never see such 
slaughter again. 

I was taken prisoner twice before I got out of the woods. The first 1 
knew of ^ur being surrounded was v>'hen I heard some one say, "Sur- 
render you d Yankee, it is all up with you.'' I looked up and saw 



The Campaign of 1864. 353 

a terrible big officer swinging his sword over my head. My blood ran 
cold. I thought of the horrors of Libby Prison, and then I thought of 
home. The last thought gave me courage and strength. So I jumped 
for him and took him in the pit of the stomach. I then gave a yell and 
started on the run. I thought I was free, when another greasy Johnny 
presented his gun in my front, which caused me to halt. "Drop that 
gun, its all up with you," he said, when some one took him alongside 
of the head, which caused him to drop mighty sudden, and away went 
I, and if I did not do some tall running there is no snakes. When I got 
to the clearing I laid down to rest a few minutes. I then started to 
hunt up the Regiment. I soon found the Captain qf Co. B, We got 
eight men together, when the Lieut, -Colonel came, and we formed a line 
and rallied the stragglers. Gen. Burnside came up, and said, "Boys, 
don't go back, but go and support those guns," meaning a battery that 
had no support, which the rebels attempted to take, " and hold it at any 
cost." We had just taken our position when Capt. Brumm came to us 
with both our flags. It infused new life into us. Brumm deserves the 
greatest credit. He took the new flag out of the rebel hands. Our 
Color Sergeants were shot. 

We were then ordered to the front, to hold the enemy in check who 
were advancing. There we lay, a handful of men, sharp-shooting the 
enemy's pickets. Gen. Wilcox saw us there, and said, "Boys, you have 
done nobly," and proposed cheers for us. 

In the fighting up to the 21st, our Company (C) lost 42 men killed and 
wounded, besides eleven whom we can't account for. They went into 
the charge in the woods on the 13th with us, but never caine out. 

I am the only sergeant out of five left. The whole eight corporals are 
killed or wounded. The Regiment is very small. Our loss is 333. The 
greater part are from the first five companies. We have but five com- 
missioned officers left for duty in the Regiment, On the 12th one Cap- 
tain was killed, 2 wounded and 1 missing. One 1st Lieutenant, one 2d, 
and our Adjutant, are missing. 

J. H. Levan, 
Sergt. Co. C, 50th Regt., P. V. V. 

On the Gth of June "in Rifle Pits/' near Richmond, George 
Heebner of Company C, wrote to us, giving the casualties in his 
Company up to that date. Thej were as follows ; 

Killed — Ord. Sergeant Wm, H. Hill, Privates Michael Riley, Levan 
J. Warner, Sam, Martz, Dan. Evert, Jacob Benedict, Thomas Lloyd, 
Franklin Sharer, John Reed, Emanuel Eckert, Albert Bartolet. 

W6uNr)ED — Wm, Eckers, Peter Fritz, Christ Gulliver, Wm. Hoff'man, 
George Lloyd, Adam Lloyd, John Mehargue, Charles Shappell, Adam 
Lehwab, Irvin Tyson, Josiah Wright, Coi-p, D. T, Burkert. Sergt. Au- 
gustus Mellon, Chas. Oswald, Wm. Wildermuth, Henry M. Diebler, 
Josiah D. Lehman, Gottlieb Burkert, Corporal Henry Hill, Lieut. Wm. 
H. Hiney, George Cake, Wm. Koch, Lafayette Baker. 

Wounded and Missing — Corporal Levi Eckert, JoLa Eckert, Jacob 
Hehn. 

Missing — Sergt. David Raudenbush, Corp. John Dowdle, Privates 
Sam'l Agley, Elias Berger, Peter Dankle, Wm. Guertlcr, Henry Hehn, 
Wmi Hains, Garrett Kerrigan, Dan. Sullivan, Wm. V/illiams. 

30 



354 The Campaign of 1864. 



Mr Heebncr subsequently wrote to us again as follows : 

In Rifle Pits, near Petersburg, Va., \ 
July 1st, 1864. / 
It may interest you to give a narrative of our march from Cold Har- 
bor. On tlie niglit of the 12th inst,, we received orders to strike tents 
and be ready to move at a moment's notice, which order was promptly 
executed. It took but a foAV minutes delay, and the column was in line 
and ready to march. Our destination was a mystery to us. The boys 
passed different remarks. Some said we were going to the White House ; 
others thought to Harrison's Landing, and some to the south side of the 
James. The latter surmises were correct. While the boys were arguing 
this subject, the bugle sounded to move forward, when we commenced 
our march. It was rather a fatiguing one. We would move on per- 
haps a few rods, and then there would be another halt. In that man- 
ner we continue! during the remainder of the night. When daylight 
appeared we were but four miles distant from the place we started from 
in the evening. Shortly after daylight we halted and lit lire and cooked 
our breakfasts, which were ratlier scanty, comprising hard tack and 
coffee. Before our breakfasts were completed the bugle again sounded 
"forward." It took but a few minutes until the column was again in 
line, and proceeding on the march. We continued our march all day 
when we again halted in the evening and encamped for the night. Be- 
fore daylight appeared we were again on the march, and on the evening 
of the 14th inst. we arrived on the north side of the James, where we 
remained until the night of the 15th. The cause of our not crossing 
sooner was the delay in receiving pontoons. But the Engineers did very 
well considering the difficulties with which they had to contend. As 
soon as the pontoons were ready we crossed to the opposite side, but we 
had hardly crossed when orders were received for a forced march. We 
again marched, part of the time double-quick, when we arrived within 
ten miles of Petersburg where we halted and cooked our breakfast. We 
had but a few minutes to do it in. When fifteen minutes had elapsed the 
bugle was again sounded to forAvard, We had but a few minutes to do 
it in. We proceeded on, which brought us within two miles of the 
Cockade City. The 9th Corps was then formed in three columns. The 
Second Corps was also formed in the same order. In that position we 
remained until the next morning, when we were ordered about a half 
mile to the right, to the same position the Second Corps had occupied 
previously. We had not been in this position long before we advanced 
in three columns, our corps forming the left, the 2d corps the centre, and 
the 18th the right. Our division, which is under the command of Gen. 
W^ilcox, was formed in three lines. The rebels seeing us advance, com- 
menced shelling us very rapidly, wliich caused some delay in advancing. 
However at 12 o'clock we advanced through shot and shell, when we ar- 
rived within two hundred yards of tlie rebel breastworks. We then 
charged on their pits which were very formidable. The 4Gth N. Y. 
Volunteers, also the 24th dismounted Cavalry of the same State, together 
with our Ilegiment, formed the third line. We had not advanced far bo- 
fore the first and second line wavered and gave way to the right and 
left. The first thing we knew we were the first line, but we advanced 
with unerring aim until some of our boys were on the rebel works, but 
when we looked around we saw nothing but the 46th New York together 
with our Eegiment. Our Ilegiment being reduced down considerably by 
an enfilading fire from the enemy's battery, after holding the pits for a 
few minutes, we were compelled to fall back into the pits which the 



The Campaign op 1864. 355 

skirmishers -had occupied. Our Brigade Commander then sent an order 
for the 46th New York to fall back, and our regiment to hold the pits at 
all hazards, which order was promptly carried out. During this engage- 
ment our gallant Brigade Commander, Colonel Christ, received a severe 
wound in the head while gallantly ui^ging his men on, in the hottest of 
ihe contest. * -^ « -Jt * * * 

I will give you a list of the casualties of our Company since June 17th : 

Killed — James Golles. 

Wounded — Edward Beiges, Samuel Hoffman, Sergt. James Levan, 
Jessie Wright, William Sirles. 

The circumstances under which Col. Christ was wounded, were 

thus stated at the time, by a correspondent of the N. Y. Herald : 

"I cannot help paying a passing compliment to the gallantry and 
coolness of Col. Christ, who handled his men in the most admirable 
manner. His quick eye scoured the battle-field, and where the enemy 
seemed the most determined, and where our men needed assistance, he 
quickly despatched his regiments. He amply redeemed the fortunes of 
the od Division, and it is to be regretted that his success was purchased 
at the price of a painful wound. A bullet struck him in the side of the 
head, just behind the left ear, and traversed about three inches of his 
skulL'' 

The Colonel recovered from the injury, much to the satisfaction 
of his men, and his many friends in Schuylkill County. 

On the 19th of August the Regiment, with its Division, partici- 
pated in a movement on the Weldon Railroad, resulting in gaining 
possession of the important point. It was not accomplished 
though without a severe fight, during which a fierce attack was 
made upon Gen, Wilcox's Division of the Ninth Corps. A cor- 
respondent of the Press, writing under date of ''The Yellow House? 
Aug. 20, 1864," says : 

"General Potter brought the 2d Division, 9th Corps, upon the right of 
Wilcox. General White soon took position still further to the right. — 
This was early in the engagement. These troops had just performed a 
wearisome march over soft. roads, yet they entered the fight immediately 
with cheerfulness and courage, holding their place upon the right with 
great stubbornness. The SOth Begiment of Pennsylvania Veteran Vol- 
unteers captured a stand of colors from the 47th Virginia. Emblazoned 
upon the red, white and red folds were inscriptions of thirteen engage- 
ments in which the Regiment had fought — from Bull Run to Mine Ruh." 



FIFTY-FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Ill this Regiment there was one, Company — -E— from this 
County. On the 18th of May a member of the Company wrote 
to us as follows : 



356 The Camapign of 1864. 

Sudden and unexpected the entire 10th Army Corps was ordered from 
the Department of the South to the sacred soil of Virginia. Of this 
movement you have doubtless heard — of its concentration at Gloucester 
Point and Yorktown — of the feint at West Point, York River and of the 
occupation of Bermuda Hundred under General Butler. Since landing 
here the troops were constantly under fire for nine days until Monday 
morning the 16th. We had been steadily advancing towards Fort Dar- 
ling, driving the enemy before us with every prospect of success. But 
during Sunday night the 15th, the enemy, very strongly reinforced, 
moved upon us, and during a dense fog on Monday morning they man- 
aged to flank us on the left. The 18th Army Corps gave way first, fol- 
lowed during the morning by the 10th. Almost the whole army was 
thrown into confusion, and a general retreat was ordered. The 55th 
Regt., P. v., was the last to leave the field. Our loss in killed, wounded 
and prisoners was very large, but the rebels themselves must have lost 
even more than we did, as they did not follow up the advantage gained. 
Had they done so they might have added to their prisoners thousands of 
stragglers. So terrific was our fire, says one of the prisoners, that at 
onetime on the right of an entire regiment only about 40 were left from 
the effects of a single volley. Men who have been in some other most 
fierce engagements, admit that they were nothing to compare to the fight 
of Sunday. Rations were issued to the men on the field but the men 
were obliged to lie down ilat while passing their haversacks to have them 
filled, to avoid the shells. The 55th Regiment suffered severely in kil- 
led, wounded and prisoners, the great number however, were prisoners. 
The Regiment went into the engagement on the morning of the 16th 
with 900 strong, of which there were not 600 left. Entire loss in the 
Regiment since May 6th, 15 commissioned ofiicers and 302 enlisted men. 
Among the casualties are Col. Richard White (brother of Senator Harry 
White) killed, Lt.-Col. Frank T. Bennett, son of Daniel R. Bennett, 
formerly of Schuylkill County, wounded and supposed to be prisoner, 
Adjutant Gotschal, supposed to be killed, Capt. David Fox, Co. A, killed, 
Capt. James Metzger, Co, C, supposed to be killed. An entire brigade 
of the 18th Corps were taken prisoners. We are still in our old position 
gained the first day, from which they cannot drive us. There was an 
alarm last night and some skirmishing, during which we captured 300 
prisoners, with a loss of 40 men in killed and wounded ; I understand 
that our men scarcely fired a shot. All the firing, of which there was 
considerable, was done by the rebels themselves. They supposed that 
they knew where our pickets lay and blazed away, but the pickets were 
instructed to rally, and then the first thing the rebels knew they were 
inside our lines, prisoners. 

Below is an official list of the killed, wounded, prisoners and missing 
of Co. E, 55th Regt., P. V., Capt. George H. Hill, from the 6th to the 
16th inclusive : 

Killed — George Stone, Peter Reitz, Michael McNamarra, Theodore 
Weiser. 

Wounded — 1st Lieut. J. Slotterback, 2d Lieut. W. Benseftian, Sergt. 
John McLay, Sergt. Daniel Chester, Corp. Miles Rourke, Corp. Jacob 
Fluge, Privates Andrew Govan, John Madden, Henry Aumet, Chas. H. 
Kantner, David Wier, Thomas Wilson, George Raudenbush, Jas, Wood, 
Wm. P, Maggee, James S, Campbell, Haly Wren, Chas. Fritzley, Daniel 
Lodge, 

Wounded and Missing — Corp. John Maggee, Jr mes Tobin, Corp. 
William Kuehn, Aaron Yoder, Daniel Billman, Solomoi; BiUman, John 



The Campaign op 1864. 357 

McCann, Luke Welsh, John Booth, Philip Anstee, Thomas Conway, Rbt. 
Reed, James McFarlane, George Dunlop, Thomas Patten, David Hughes, 
Edward Coyle, Patrick Churchfield. 

lii an engagement, May 20tb, the Company sustained the fol- 
lowing casualties : 

Killed — John Welsh. 

Wounded — Fredrick Reed and Thos. Sharp. 

Missing in Action — John S. Bannan, Rosewald and Stephens- 

On the 4th of June Capt. Hill wrote to his father as follows : 

Near Mechanicsville, Va., June 4, 1864. 

Deae Father : — I have only time to write a few lines. We left Ber- 
muda Hundred May 28th, and arrived at West Point on the morning of 
the 30th. We marched up the railroad to White House Landing, 15 
miles, and on the 31st were placed in the 1st Brigade, (Gen. Stannard's) 
2d Division, (Gen. Martindale's) 18th Army Corps, commanded by Maj. 
Gen. Smith. That afternoon we started for Grant's Army and met them 
here, 2J miles from Mechanicsville, on the afternoon of the first of June, 
and were immediately put into action, and have been kept under fire 
ever since. Yesterday morning our Brigade charged and took two lines 
of rifle pits, but were checked by a strong earthwork with heavy siege 
guns mounted on it. We held our position, however, though the Brigade 
suflfered severely ; Gen. Stannard had a ball in his leg but has not yet 
left the field ; every one of his staff was wounded, Our Regiment had 
four officers wounded and 134 men killed, wounded and missing. Capts. 
Shoener and Nesbitt are both wounded, which leaves me in command of 
the Regiment. My Company is commanded by a corporal, the only non- 
commissioned officer left for duty. I send a list of casualties in my 
company since I wrote last : 

Killed — Edward Lewis. 

Wounded — Sergt. Wm. Challinger, Color Sergt. Michael Murray, Corp, 
S. D. Watkins, Geo. Smith, Michael Guldin, John Fry, Still Hull. 

Missing — Patrick Delaney, Wm. Williamson. 

I was struck twice, first with a minnie ball, which went through my 
coat, broke my pipe and tore' my pants ; second with a splinter on the 
shoulder which lamed it a little- 

On the 8th of October Surgeon J, B, Brandt, of the Fifty-fifth, 

wrote to us as follows ; 

In the Field, Va., Army of the Jajies, 
55Tn RiJg't Pa. Vols., 
October 8th, 1864. 
Casualties of the 55th Reg. Pa. Vols., Capt. Geo. H. Hill, Commanding, 
occurring in a charge on the rebel fortifications, in front of Richmond, 
near Chapin's Farm, north side of James River, Va., on Sept. 29th. 
1864, viz : 

COMPANY A. 

Wounded — G. P. Barnacle, Francis Warner, Michael Hussa. 
Missing — Michael Bock. 

COMPANY B. 
Wounded — Corp. Frank B. Berger, Samuel Startzer, 
Missing — Corp. Emanuel Froehlich, James Tyson, Jac. Snyder, Amos 
Stout, Geo. Strickler, Jos. Wike, Ellas Howe, Wm. Idle, Tidele Biref. 
30* ' 



} 



358 The Campaign of 1864. 



COMPANY Q. 

Killed — James Robinson. 

Wounded and Missing — Rufus Mitchell. 

Missing— William A. Vance. 

COMPANY D. 

Wounded — Elias Murphy. 

Wounded and Missing — Sylvanus B, Summerville. 

Missing — Daniel Wenrich, 

COMPANY E. 

Wounded — Capt. Geo. H. Hill, Michael Golden, G. U. Kise. 

Wounded and Missing — Color Sergt. A. Tlanigan. 

Missing — Sergt. Mich. Murray, Corp. Geo. Zeinhelt, Hiram Thomas, 
John Jeffries, James Murphy. 

COMPANY F . 

Wounded — Geo. Wike, B. B. Black, Jacob Shauk, John Strain, Henry 
S. Swartz, Philip Breidenbach, George Walters, Corp. D. Myers. 

Wounded and Missing— Stephen Walker, Solomon Fetterman. 

Missing — 1st Lieut. Blaney Adaii, Corp. D. Kennedy, Harrison Over- 
dorff, William Cochrane, William P. Patterson. 

COMPANY a. 
Wounded — Sergt. Thomas Howe, Corp. Charles Long, J. Stiffler. 
Wounded and Missing— Sergt. Harry E. Eisenbise, Corp. John Lane, 
Harry Shorts. 

Missing— Sergt. D. Black, Joseph Wilders, C. Rush, Wm. Smith. 

COMPANY H. 

Wounded — 1st Sergeant Josiah Hissong, Charles Stokeman; George 
Ganehow, Hiram Matthews, Edmund Fisher. 
Missing— H. B. Slick, John A. Moyer. 

COMPANY I. 

Wounded — Matthew Garland. 

Wounded and Missing— Capt. John O'Neill, Sergt. Paul Mock, Corp. 
Alfred Ruggles, Chas.. Bisbin, Edwin Hughes. 

Missing— John Barr, Corp. Jno. Bartlebaugh, Phil. McCormick, 

Lawrence. 

COSIPANY K. 

Wounded — Corp. David Ling, Andrew Mock, F. H. Luther. 

Missing — Sergt. John B. Mock. Corp. John Christ, John Koch, Cyrus 
Gephart, Andrew Plucker, John Palmer. 

And again as follows : 

In the Field, Va,, Army of the James, 
55th Reg't, Pa. Vols., 

October 19, 1864. _ 
I have the honor to submit to you the casualties occurring in this Re- 
giment since September 29th, 1864, viz : 

Wounded— William Jackson, Co; C, Ord. Sergt. Matthew Loughry, 
Co. F., Joseph Wyke, Co. B. 

Jacob Pluge, of Company E, wrote to us in October, from 

Cbapin's BlufF, Va., as follows : 

On the 4th of May last, we left Gloucester Point with the Army un- 
der G«n. Butler. On the 6th we arrived at Bermuda Hundred and dis- 



} 



The Campaign of 1864. 359 



embarked. We then had some slight skirmishing with the enemy, and 
on the night of the 7th we threw up entrenchments. On Monday, the 
9th, we marched out in the direction of Petersburg ; fought the battle of 
Swift Creek, and drove the rebels about a mile. Rested till Tuesday 
morning, wlaen we discovered the enemy in our rear, when we faced 
about and gave them a complete threshing, and marched in pursuit till 
we cam.e to the Halfway House, where we found them strongly entrenched 
on a commanding position. After some manoeuvring and fighting, we 
drove them out. Next followed the battle of Red Creek, and on Mon- 
day, the I6th of May, the enemy being strongly reinforced, succeeded 
in breaking our lines, when we thought it prudent to retire. A few 
days after we left for Cold Harbor, where we had several heavy battles — 
one on the 27th of iNIay, and one on the 1st June, in which we lost many 
brave comrades. The next thing was another flajik movement, and we 
made a strike for Petersburg, in which our Corps had the advance, and 
after several very heavy battles we again had recourse to the pick and 
spade. After the 18th of June we had no regular engagement until the 
29th of September, when we made an advance on Richmond on the 
North side of the James, and after a day's hard fighting, we rested our 
weary limbs in and about Fort Harrison. At 8, P. M., 29th, our little 
Regiment was ordered to charge and take a line of entrenchments in 
our front, which proved to be a cuain of redoubts, connected by a strong 
line of breastworks. According to orders, Capt. G. H. Hill gave the 
command, and his gallant little band will all say that they were never 
led by a braver officer. With the 158th New York Regiment to support 
us, we charged and went to within fifty yards of the works, under a 
most terrific fire from at least 15 pieces of artillery and 1500 infantry. 
Finding that our support had all left us, and tried to save themselves, 
we had to give up the chase. Our loss in this charge was 80 out of 160. 
Our Regiment, which numbered 1500 in May, is reduced to 250 for duty, 
including a number of wounded that have lately returned. 



FIFTY-SIXTH REGIMENT. 

Company K of this Kegimentj was recruited in this County. — 

The casualties in it, as reported to us by Sergt. Isaac B. Jones 

were as follows : 

Wounded — Capt. Ira N. Bennett, 2d Lieut. Samuel Shaw, Sergt. Geo. 
Allison, Corp. Michael Maher, Corp. John Flanaakers, since died, Corp, 
William Bowers, since died, Wm. H. Reynolds, Washington Trout, Wm. 
N. Roeport, Michael Luby, Daniel Hess, Reuben Seccolty, Cabren Waltz, 
James Albert, Edward Warren, Cyrus Madanies, Solomon Benker, Henry 
W. Barkley. 

Camp at the Yellow House, 
ON the Weldon Rail Road, Va. 

September 5t.h, 1864. 

Enclosed find list of killed and wounded of the 56th Reg't., P, V. V, 
in the engagement on the Weldon Railroad, August 18, 19, 20 and 21 : 

COMPANY A. 

Wounded — Corp. Nelson Early. 



864. J 



360 The Campaign of 1864. 

COMPANY B. 

Killed — Hugh McFaden. ' 

Wounded — Westley M. Brubecker. 

COMPANY C. 

Killed — Michael Harley. 
Wounded — Modest Rubonock. 

COMPANY D. 

Wounded — Modest Welger, 

COMPANY G, 

Wounded,— ^Edward Philips. 

COMPANY H. 
WouNDEB — ^Thomas Cochlin, Patrick Cannon, John Fisher. 

COMPANY I., 

Killed — John G. Lebo. 

Wounded — T. H. Cyres, AVm. Reeves, Lyman Ayers. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Isaiah Wilbur. 

Wounded — Capt. I. N. Bennett, 1st Sergt. Jared B. Colven, Christian 
Kir, Robert Kain, Jacob Harrill, since died, David P. Craig, Matthias 
Herlinger, Washington Trout, George Night, John Lovegrovf. 

From a Schuylkill Vetbban. 



SIXTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Geo. Rice. 

Wounded — Charles Ewing, Edward Hause, Burd Vliet, Pat'k McBtr- 
mott, John Bauman, S. Hayes. 



EIGHTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Killed— r^Amos Fisher. 

Wounded — George Beaumont, Albert Keen, William Heller, Franklin 
Plotz, George Clingiman, John Use, William Ready, Charles RoUen, 
Cyrus Strawhecker, Corp. Wesley Hoffman, Ross Hoffman, Corp. David 
Whitaker, William Meror. 

Missing— Sergt. Jacob P. Becker, Isaac Matthews. 



NINETY-THIRD REGIMENT. 

Wounded — Jacob Fox. 



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH REGIMENT. 

COMPANY a. 

Wounded — Capt. Frank Leib, Corp. Samuel S. Kramer, Corp. Abra'm 
Faust, Eli Boyer, Thos. Miller, Frank Reber, Henry Deitzler, Henry 
Seitzinger, Wm. B. Himback, George Fribey, Henry Trumbo, John Sher- 
man, Jacob Shilthorn, Lewis De Long, Jonathan Moyer. 



The Campaign of 1864. 361 

Missing — George Wildermutli, Adam Beachncr, Peter Snyder, Wm, 
Himback. 
All of the above belonged to this County. 



SEVENTEENTH CAVALRY. 

COMPANY II .— ( CajH. Wm Thompson.^ 
Killed — Sergt. Emanuel Moyer, Philip Troy, Joel Koons. 
Wounded — Sergt, Wm. Rupert, Sergt. Thomas Hock, left behind in a 
rebel hospital, Geo. W. Bankers, Elias E. Reed. 

Subsequently, in Northern Virginia, the Company saw active 
service under Sheridan. Its casualties were : 

Wounded — Capt. Wm. Thompson, Philip Artz, George Douter, Corp. 
Lewis Langdon, Daniel Derr. 

Captured — Thomas Herbert, Jacob Worms, Charles Eyrster, Chas. 
Mairain, Michael Shover, John Snyder, Joseph Bidlow, Wm. Zimmer- 
man, Franklin Shubb, Levi Michael. 



TWENTY-FIRST CAVALRY. 

Sergeant R. S. Lerich, of Company H, wrote to us under date 
*^Camp near Petersburg, July 9, 1864/' as follows : 

We have been in several hot engagements since we have been in the 
front, one on the ed of June near Cold Harbor, and on the 18th near 
Petersburg, and 22d near Petersburg also. We had wounded in three 
actions as follows : 

Wounded — Sergt. Ed. Heckman, Corp. Jeremiah K. Lehman, George 
Reinoehl, Jas. McClennan, Thomas McGouger. 



While the great Captain, Grant, was fighting these memorable 
battles in Virginia, his able Lieutenant — Sherman — was pushing 
southward with a splendid army, from Chattanooga to Atlanta. — 
In a series of battles, as brilliant as any ever fought on this con- 
tinent, he invariably defeated the rebels, and in September Atlanta 
succumbed to our victorious arms. 

The largest representation of Schuylkill County in his army, 
was in the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, a Regiment that had 
acquired a great reputation in the West for its fighting qualities. 

In Company F, One Hundred and Ninth Pennsylvania Reg't, 
there were also many men from this County. They were engaged 
near Dallas, Ga., May 25th and 28th, and sustained the following 

casualties : 

Killed — Sergt. John F. Mundy, Josiah W. Matthews. 

Wounded — Jonathan Humphreys, John Prosser, Wm. Boran, James 
Boran, Thos. E. Lewis, Ord. Sergt. R. J. Quigley, Sergt. J. M. R. Storej'. 



862 The Campaign or 18C4. 

SEVENTH CAVALRY. 

Tliis Regiment during Sherman's campaign was engaged in 
many raids, skirmishes and battles, rendering on all occasions the 
most effective service. In a letter to us, from a member of the 
Regiment, dated ^' Camp before Marietta, Ga., July 2d, 1864,'' 
we received the following list of casualties sustained by the Re- 
giment from April 2Sth to May 31st, inclusive : 

COMPANY A. 

Wounded — Gustavus Wetzel, William 11. Waldron. 
TRisoNprn — William Anspach. 

COMPANY B _ 

Killed — Sergt. Potev Longwell, Sei-gt. James R. Klack, 
Wounded — Corp. John II. Yeomans, Allen E. Williams, David Mc- 
Clintock, lienjamin F. Warren. 
Prison ERS — Daniel Iloflfer, John A. Pattou. 

G M P A N Y C . 

Wounded — George L. Covert. 

Prisoners — Henry 11. Morrisson, William TI. H. Thomas, Robert M. 
Cummings. 

COMPANY D. 

Wounded — Corp. Ileni-y Art man. 

COMPANY E. 

Wounded — Robert T. Mowrer, William Rishel. 

C M P A N Y P . 

Killed — Patrick McLaughlin. 

Wounded — Jacob Beler, David Williams, John Dener, missing. 

Prisoner — Capt. Cyrus Newlin. 

C .M P A N Y G . 

Wounded — Samuel Muller. 

COxMPANY- H. 

Wounded — Thomas Lowe. 

C03IPANY I. 

Killed — Sergt. James Fleming. 

Wounded — Josiah Mahafty, Andrew Duflford, Corp. James Waters. 

COMPANY K. 

Killed — Archibald Mulicr. 

Wounded — Jacob Secrist, Ord. Sergt. George Herr, Chas. Tennis, 
Exra I'owman, Corp. Abraham Kepperl3^ 

COMPANY L. 

Wounded — ITonry M. Berger, Henry Siegfried. 
Prisoner — Henry Rider. 

C 31 P A N Y M . 

Killed — Adam James, William Ainsworth. 

Wounded — Corp. Edward L. Beck, Maloney, Theodore P. Seip, 

Josiah Coxey, John Crook, missing. 



The Campaign of 1864. 36S 

A DARING ATTACK. 

When Gen. Sherman's x\rmy arrived in front of Atlanta, and 
laid siege to the place, a plan was formed to attack the enemy's 
communications, to cut off his supplies. For the daring and ha25- 
ardous work the best cavalry in the army was selected, the Seventh 
being among them. The object was accomplished after severe 
fighting and loss. The annexed graphic description of the oper- 
ations was furnished to us by. an esteemed friend who participated 
in the movement as a soldier of the Seventh : 

Camp Ttii Pa. Vet. Cavaley, 
In Front of Atlanta, Ga., 

August 23d, 18G4. 

Since tlie date of my last communication, up to the ITtli of this 
month, nothing worthy of note happened to the old 7th. We were out 
on two or three raids, destroyed several miles of railroad for the "John- 
nies" at and near Covington on the line of road between Atlanta and 
Augusta, captured about two hundred horses and mules, and about half 
that number of "Free Americans of African Descent," served two weeks 
in the breastworks dismounted, and were beginning to think we were 
destined to remain there until Atlanta had fallen, when we were ordered 
back to our horses on the 15th inst. Eumor said we were to make an- 
other raid, and we were looking anxiously for some defi»ite information, 
when about sundown of the 17th we were ordered to be ready to move 
at nine o'clock that evening with five days' rations from the morning of 
tiie 19th. About midnight we moved out and at seven o'clock on the 
morning of the 18th were at Sandtown, a small village on the Chatta- 
hootchie River some sixteen miles below tlie Rail Road bridge. Up to 
this time we were in the dark as to what we were to do, or where we 
were going to do it. We now found we were to form part of the force 
which, under the command of Brig. Gen. Kilpatrick, were to make an 
attack on the enemy's communications, and endeavor to cut the Macon 
Hail Road. I cannot better convey to you the object of the expedition 
than by giving you the circular issued by the commanding officer. It is 
as follows : 

HEAD-QrAETERS Cav.\t,rv Expedition, D. C. > 
Samdtown, Ga., August IS, 1S64. / 

Soldiers ! Yon have been selected from the Cavah-y Divisions of the Army of the 
Cumberland. You have been well organized, equipped and rendered formidable at a 
great expense to accomplish an object vital to the success of our cause. I am about to 
lead you, not on a raid, but iu a deliberate and well combined attack upon the enemy's 
communications, in order that he may be unable to supply his army in A tknita. Two 
expeditions have already failed. We are the last cavalry troops of the army. Let each 
eoldJer remember this and resolve to accomplish the great object for which so much Is 
risked or die trying. (Siguedj 

J. KiLrATRIOK, 

Brig. Gen. Commanding. 

At Sandtown on the l8th the column moved. It consisted of the 3d 
Division, composed of Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois Cavalry, on« 
Brigade of the 1st Division, and two Brigades of ours, the 2d Division, 
composed of Ohio, Michigan and Pennsylvania cavalry. 

The advance struck the enemy's pickets five miles from Sandtowri. — 
They oflFered but feeble resistance however, and we met Avith no seriotts 
opposition until daylight the 19th, when we struck the Montgomery Rail 



364 The Campaign of 1864. 



Road at Red Oaks. Here the Rebs were strongly posted parallel to the 
road, and had their artillery so posted that they could, as they supposed, 
hold us in check, but orders were given to keep well closed up, and keep 
pressing forward. They threw their shells with a rapidity and accuracy 
that told upon our ranks, but at length seeing that we were getting to 
their rear, they concluded it was time for them to be leaving, so they 
left on a double quick towards Jonesboro. We following closely in their 
rear, drove them all day, and at dusk struck the Macon Rail Road at 
Jonesboro. At this point we destroyed over three miles of track, burned 
the depot and several other buildings, used by the Confederate Govern- 
ment as store houses, and an iron water tank. The latter for a time de- 
fied our efforts to render it useless, but at last we brought a piece ©f ar- 
tillery to bear upon it, and I rather think it will take more than South- 
ern ingenuity to stop all the holes we knocked through it. As soon as 
the work of destruction was accomplished, the expedition was on the 
move and taking the Covington road daylight of the 20th, found us ten 
or twelve miles from .Jonesboro. Here we halted at a church for an 
hour. The enemy who were following us were held in check by our 
rear guard. We then took a road to the left and struck the main road 
from McDonough to Fayetteville, and pushed rapidly forward till about 
noon, when we struck the enemy in force at our front. At this point 
the 4th Michigan Cavalry struck off to the right to Lovejoy Station to 
destroy the Rail Road at that point. They succeeded in their object, 
without meeting with any opposition. Our Regiment was thrown into 
the woods at the right of the road, and then dismounted and commenced 
feeling the enemy. They soon found them, and being too strong for our 
number, the 4tUU. S. was sent to our assistance and shortly afterwards 
the 2d Brigade of our Division. We then charged the rebs and drove 
them some distance, when they rallied and in turn drove us. Mean- 
while the force in our rear was pushing us hard ; they threw shells from 
front and rear into our columns. After fighting on foot for some 
time in which neither party appeared to gain much, we were ordered to 
mount, which we did. We were formed in columns of regiments, and 
ordered to charge. Our Regiment was on the right, the 4th Michigan 
in the centre, and the 4th U. S. was on the left of the road. Another 
Brigade was formed in like manner. When every thing was ready the 
word was given ; and in they went. Words can scarcely portray the 
terrible sublimity of that charge. The air \gas filled with bursting shells 
and musket balls. The ground fairly trembled under the tread of a 
thousand horses. As they get nearer the foe the grape and canister 
come tearing through the ranks, yet nothing can stop our rushing col- 
umns. Nearer they come to the yet unbroken line. Now they close up- 
on them with a yell which drowns the roar of artillery and the crack of 
the musket. Now the rebel line is broken and is fleeing in wild disorder. 
Man}' are cut down with the sabre and many more trodden under foot by 
the horses. The field is won, the victory is ours, and wild and exultant 
is the cheer that makes the very welkin ring. Their battery is silenced. 
One of the pieces we brought with us, and the others were spiked and 
rendered perfectly useless. 

We had some more hard fighting, bat as usual were victorious. The 
same afternoon the whole command forded Cotton River, which was so 
swollen that the horses had to swim. The next day, the 21st, we cross- 
ed Yellow River and destroyed four bridges after we had crossed, and 
yesterday, the 22d, the command came in by way of Decatur, having 
made a circle around Atlanta. 



The Camjpaign op 1864. 865 



We accomplished our object, but when we look around for familiar 
faces, and look in vain for many who but a weeks ago were full of life 
and hope, we realize the cost of our expedition. 

Capt. Heber Thompson is missing. The last seen of him he was ral- 
lying the men to take the artillery. His horse was shot and he was dis- 
mounted. Capt, Percy H. White is missing. We know that he was 
wounded, but trust it was not a fatal wound. 

The casualties of men from Schuylkill County, are as follows : 

COMPANY A. 

Killed — David L. Davis. 
Wounded — Alonzo E. Kline. 

Wounded and Missing — Sergt. David P. Reese, Francis Weiglej, 
Wm. Robinson, Peter Mulcachey. 

COMPANY F. 

Wounded and Missing — Corp. Geo. M. Boyer. 

COMPANY I. 

Wounded — Orvin P. Keehoe. 
Wounded and Missing — Levi Seibert. 

COMPANY L. 

Wounded — Corp. Charles M. Kantner. 



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH REGIMENT. 

For the following muster-roll of Co. F, llGth Regiment, which 
was recruited in Schuylkill County in the Spring of 1864, we are 
indebted to Mr. John G-. Hahn, a member of the Company. The 
letter was not received in time to insert the roll where it properly 
belongs, in the list of men recruited at that time. We are how- 
ever, thankful that we have, under any circumstances, so com- 
plete a roll of the Company. 

The Company up to March, 1865, had been in seventeen en- 
gagements, and Mr. Hahn also sends us a list of the casualties 
sustained, which is very acceptable, as we desire our record to be 
as full as possible. 

The following is the muster-roll of the Company, as it stood in 
March, 1865 : 

COMPANY F. 

Captain, WILLIAM A. SHOENER. 2d Corporal, Dan. B. Bbrkheiser. 

1^^ itewf., George Reber. Zd " Solomon Evely. 

lat Sergeant, Edward S. Kline. ^th " Chr. Dieffenderfer, 

2d " William M. Wagner, bth " Levi P. Miller. 

3c? '' Horace B. Klock. Qth " William L. Hutton. 

^th «' Daniel Moyer. 1th " Solomon Kamp. 

^ih " Charles Maurer. Musician, Jacob Schrckder. 
Iji Corj9oraZ, William Emericii. <' Daniel Kramer. 

31 



sm> 



The Campaign of 1864. 



Company F, One Hundred & Sixteenth Regt. — Continued. 



Aikman, William 
Adams, David M. 
Berkheiser, Benjamin 
Bi'igel, Franklin 
Berger, Henry H. 
Brummer, David H. 
Day, James 
Dohrman, John H. 
Derulf, Elam 
Ditzler, Elias 
Ditzler, Thomas 
Dolan, Michael 
Eveley, Moses 
Faust, Semana 
Fahl, Daniel 
Freese, Gideon 
Henne, Daniel 
Hahn, John G. 
Hendricks, Albert 



PRIVATES": 

Johnson, Joseph M. 
Kamp, Reuben 
Kramer, Thomas 
Knapp, Cyrus 
Kramer, Francis 
Kramer Samuel 
Kramer, Francis S. 
Koch, Josiah 
Lawrence, Jeremiah 
Lahme, Jonathan 
Linn, Daniel 
Moyer, June 
Moyer, Charles H. 
Moyer, Lewis E. 
Mengle, Reuben 
Moyer, Charles 
Miller, Lewis M. 
Moyer, Albert L. 



Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, 
Musicians, 

Privates, . _ - 



Morgan, Joseph P. 
Murphy, Daniel 
Nyer, Isaac 
Rahn, Jacob 
Reichert, Christian 
Reber, Joseph B. 
Reinheimer, Alfred 
Reppert, Henry 
Reber, Franklin 
Shoener, Morgan 
Smith, Clayton 
Woollis, Willoughby 
Wagner, Martin M. 
Wagner, John 
Webber, Franklin 
Webber, William H. 
Wagner, Franklin 
Webber, William 

2 
12 

2 
55 



71 



The casualties of the Company were as follows : 

DiscHAKGEu — Capt. Wellington Jones, (certificate of disability.) 
Tobias W. Miller, " 

Resigned — 1st Lieut. P. H. Frail ey. 

Teansferked — Owen Eastman. 

Killed in Action — James White, Corp. Adam Wagner, Lewis Hein- 
bach, Joshua Eveley. 

Died of Wounds Received in Action — Charles Reichert, Charlfea 
Houk, John A. Berger, Corp. William Moser, Nathan Raush, Joseph 
Wagner, Richard Shoener. 

Died op Disease— John J. Hanker, Levi Herring, John Freese, Per- 
amus Hoffman, Amos Reppert, John Warner. 

Wounded— 1st Lieut. Geo. Reber, 1st Sergt. Edward S. Kline, Sergt. 
Wm. M. Wagner, Corp. Solomon Eveley, Corp. Wm. L. Hutton, Daniel 
Kramer, Moses Eveley, John G. Hahn, Jos. M. Johnson, Cyrus Knapp, 
Francis S. Kramer, Jonathan Lahme, Christ. Reichert, Alfred Reinhei- 
mer, Henry Reppert, Willoughby Woollis, Franklin Webber. 

Captured — Sergt. Dan. Moyer, Corp. Wm. Emerich, Corp. Dan. B. 
Berkheiser, Corp. Christ. Dieftenderfer, Jacob Schroeder, Wm. Aikman, 
Dav. M. Adams, Benjamin Berkheiser, Franklin Brigel, Henry H. Ber- 
ger, David H. Brummer, James Day, John H. Dohrman, Elam Derulf, 
Daniel Fahl, Dan. Henn, Reuben Kamp, Thomas Kramer, Josiah Koch, 
Charles H. Moyer, Charles Moyer, Cliristian Reichert, Joseph B. Reber, 
Franklin Reber, Morgan Shoener, Clayton Smith, Martin M. Wagner, 
John Wagner, William Webber. 



\ 



The Campaign of 1864. 367 

The Company has participated in the following named engage- 
ments, since time of organization, February 1, 1864 : 

Wilderness, May 5t.h, 1864; Wilderness, May Gth, 1864; Todd Tavern, 
May 8tli, 1864; Po River, May 8th, 1864; Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864; 
Spottsylvania, May 18th, 1864; Graine's Farm, May 21st, 1864; Tullapa- 
tomie Creek, May 3 1st, 1864; Cold Harbor, June 3d, 1864; Petersburg, 
June 16th 1864; AVilliams' Farm, June 22d, 1864; Deep Bottom, July 27, 
1864; Deep Bottom, August 14th and 15th, 1864; Reame Station, August 
25th, 1864; Raid to Hatcher's Run, Dec. 9th and 10th, 1864; Raid to 
Hatcher's Run, February 5th to 0th, 1865; Dabney Mill, Feb. 5th, 1865. 



THE ONE HUNDRED DAYS' MEN. 

Early in July a rebel force under Generals Early and Brecken- 
ridge, invaded Maryland, threatening Pennsylvania and Washing- 
ton. A battle was fought on the Monocacy in Maryland, which 
checked the rebels, saved Baltimore, and when they reached 
Washington they were easily repulsed and driven back into Vir- 
ginia. 

On the 6th of July Governor Curtin issued a call for twelve 
thousand volunteers to serve for one hundred days at Washington 
and vicinity. 

Gen. James Nagle of Pottsville, proceeded at once under the 

call, to organize a Regiment at Harrisburg. On the 24th of July 

it left Harrisburg for Baltimore, in which vicinity it did duty 

during its term of service. The field and staff ofdcers were aa 

follows : 

Colo7iel— JAMES NAGLE, Schuylkill County. 
Lieut.-Col. — Richard McMichael, Berks County. 
Major — 0. D. Jenkins, Schuylkill County. 
Adjutant — John* H. Schall, Schuylkill County. 
Quartermaster — Henry C. Demming, Dauphin County. 
Surgeon — J. P. Ashcom^ 
Chaplain — C. II, McDermond. 

The Schuylkill County Companies in the organization were Com- 
panies C and 11, 194th Pcnn. Regiment. The muster-rolls of 
these Companies are as follows : 

ONE HUNDRED AND NINETY-FOURTH PA. REG'T. 

COMPANY C. 

Captain, ZACUR C. POTT. \st Sergeant, Hudson C. Kind. 

lit Lieutenant, Thos. J. Foster. 2o? " Henry Walbridge. 
2d Lieutenant, Joan G. Qv&s. Zd «* Daniel W. Filbert. 



Bes 



The Camapign. of 1864. 



Comp'y C, One Hundred & Ninety-Fourth Reg. — Contm'oed. 



4tth Sergeant, Robt. M. Palmer. 
5fA " Jacob Riegel. 
lat Corporal, Milton Williams. 
'Id " Henry Deibert. 
Zd " Byron 0. Manvillb. 
4M " Wm. Helms. 



bth Corporal, Amos Boyer, 



%th 

"ith " 

Musician . 



Anstock, David 
Burkhart, John 
Bauseman, Henry 
Bausemaii, .John 
Bailer, Jacob 
Botts, Jacob 
Brownmiller, Chas. 
Brown, Samuel 
Bertram Frank 
Beyerle, Henry 
Beacher, Wm. 
Bathurst, James 
Conrate, Levi 
Cake, Raphael 
Collins, Geo. 
Chrisman, Jacob 
Daubeuspeck, Wm. 
Doiighman, Miles 
Eccard, Edward 
Frehafer, E. W. 
Fernsler, Alonzo 
Fernsler, Jno. J. 
Forrer, Geo. 
Fuchs, John E. 



PRIVATES : 
Gerz, Joseph 
Gluntz, Henry . 
Ginter, Dan'l 
Hepler, Wm. 
Huntzinger, J, A. 
Hodgson, James N. 
Hame, George 
Hardy, Isaac 
Hoffman, Albert 
Hoffman, Herman 
Jordan, Michael 
Johnson, John 
Kauffman, Geo, 
Kalbach, Wm. 
Keller, Joshua 
Klinger, Wm. 
Laury, Geo, 
Lynch, James 
McGlone, Pat'k 
Matthews, Thomas 
Moran, Andrew 
Nimeiton, Henry 
Neff, John 
Nash, John A. 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, _ _ - 

Total, . - . ^ 



James Glovek, 
Thos. Welsh. 
T. P. Gould. 

Frederick Orrum. 

John Kohler. 

Phillips, Thos. H. 
Queeny, Wm. 
Rhorig, Pat'k. 
Rahn, George 
Ptoaney, John 
Shoener, Charles 
Schmelzer, John 
Strohmeier, Henry 
Skeen, George 
Sterner, Jonathan 
Smith, Oliver 
Shay, William 
Sands, Eugene 
Steffee, Andrew 
Setley, Victor 
Toohey, Wm. 
Trexler, Franklin 
Uble. Joseph 
Weidel, Felix 
Wiltrout, Dan'l 
Williams, Richard 
Walbridge, John 
Wortz, Wm. 

3 

- 13 

- - 2 

- 71 



COMPANY H. 



Captain, GEO. W. STAATS. 
Ist Lieutenant, John W. Kantner, 
2d Lieutenant, Fb. S. Haeseleb. 
lit Serjeant, Jno. H. Jervis. 
'2d " Jos. Boedefeld. 
M " Wm. Christian. 
4tih " Jas. Hughes. 
bih " John Kirkpatrick. 
Brev.-Sergt., John Rigg. 

PRIV. 
Allen, Elijah Bomm John 

Burns, Michael Chestnut, Jas 



2d Corporal, Jos. Redcay. 



3fZ 


' RoBT. Wilson. 


Ath 


' Wm. Dicus. 


5tk ' 


' Arthur Conneby. 


(^th 


' Jas. Dolan. 


7th ' 


' Albert Haeseler. 


8th 


' Lewis Kline. 


3Iusiciai 


I, Jas. Sterling. 




Jno. Snyder. 


AILS : 


Davis, Thos. 


as. 


Davis, Jno. W. 



The Campaign op 1864, 



369 



Comp'y H; One Hundred & Ninety-Fourth Reg.^ — Continued. 



Delaney, Jas. 
Fisher, Benj. ,F. 
Faults, Henry 
Fox, Geo. 
Faust, Jacob M 
Francis, Wm. H. 
Gottschall, Geo 
Good, Isaac K. 
Hoffman, Elijah 
Howard, Chas. 
Howells, Benj. 
Hood, Harrison 
Horn, Philip 
Houck, Kobti 
Klahr, Philip J. 
Kleident, Adam 



Leonard, Jas. 
Lewis, Jonah 
McGee, Thos. 
McGee, Conrad 
Madison, Jas. 
Morgan, Wm. 
Martin, George 
Moore, David 
TVfiller, Jacob 
O'Brien, James 
Purnell, Isaac 
Reynolds, Michael 
Reiggle, Benj. 
Reed, Samuel 
Roiman, Wendall 
Ramsay, Edward 



Commissioned Officers, 

Non-commissioned Officers, 

Musicians, 

Privates, . . - 

Totals . , « , 



Sterner, Jeremiah 
Smith, Wm. 
Smith, Benj. F. 
Sillyman, John 
Shaub, Emanuel 
Shertel, Wm. G. 
Sponsler, Wnr. ' 
Snow, Peter 
Ulmer, Chas. 
Umberger, Michael 
Wren, Thomas 
Watkins, Nicholas 
Williams, John 
Wolfinger, John 
Yeager, Chas. A. 

3 

- 13 

2 

- 53 

71 



RECAPITULATION, 

Field and Staff, 3 

Company C, * • • - - - - - 89 

Company H,. -•••---- 71 

Total, - 163 



LAMBERT'S INDEPENDENT CAVALRY. 

Of this organization of hundred days'^ men, which rendered 
valuable service on the frontier of Pennsylvania and in other sec- 
tions of the State, during its term of service, the following mem- 
bers were from Schuylkill County : 

1st Lieutenant, W. F. Austin. 

Sergeant, John A. Patterson. '* 

Corporalj Solomon Foster, Jb. " 

PRIVATES 
BlUington, Aaron Lawton, F. N. 

Eiler, George W. Parry, William 

Commissioned Officers, 
Non-commissioned Officers, - 
Privates, - • - - 



Corporal, James Morris. 
'* William Ramsey. 
" Whitfield, Roland S. 



Russel, James 
Rhoads, Geo. 

1 

- 4 

6 



Total, - 
31* 



11 



3T0 TiiE Campaign of 1864. 



GRAND RECAPITULATION. 



One Hundred and Ninety-Fourth Regiment, - 164 

Lambert's Independent Cavalry, - - - - 11 



Grand Total, 175 



RETURN HOME OF THE NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT. 

The term of service of this Yeteran Regiment having expired, 
it returned home in September to be mustered out of service. — 
The Schuylkill County members reached Pottsville on the 26th, 
and as their arrival on that evening was unexpected, they met ax" 
impromptu but spirited reception. Early in the evening Centre 
street throughout its entire length, was beautifully illuminated, 
and when the train arrived, rockets, roman candles, etc., added 
beauty to the scene. The Regiment was escorted from the Depot 
to the Union Hotel, by cavalry stationed here, by our fire com- 
panies, and by one of the largest processions of citizens we ever 
witnessed here. The veterans marched up amid enthusiastic 
cheers of welcome and the waving of myriads of handkerchiefs 
in the hands of fair ladies. The scene was most inspiring and 
beautiful. A citizen of thirty-three years residence here, said to 
us, "The town has often been in a blaze of enthusiasm, but really, 
this is the most extensive conflagration with the people's hearts 
for fuel, that I ever saw here.'' Pottsville, indeed, representing 
Schuylkill County, welcomed with her whole soul, our brave boys 
back from their three years of honorable service in the cause of 
truths justice and human rights. 

The Regiment came back with one hundred and twenty men. 
Three years before it left Pottsville a thousand strong. The bullet 
and disease had done their work, and many who left here in full 
health and vigor, fill graves in Virginia or on our hills. 

When the Regiment reached the Union Hotel, it partook of a 
collation hastily prepared, but still acceptable to the tired soldiers, 
when they were welcomed home by the Hon. C. W. Pitman, in a 
brief but eloquent speech. The soldiers then sought "home, 
sweet home;" doubly appreciated by him who has seoQ three years 
of hard service in the field. 



The Campaign of 1864. 371 

Addresses to the large crowd, of citizens that remained, wei-e 
gubsequently delivered by Mr. 0. A. Bosbyshell, Wm. Garrett 
and Professor Dunbar. 

During the following week discharged Veterans of the Forty- 
Eighth Regiment and Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, to the num- 
ber of about a hundred, reached Schuylkill County, and met an 
equally spirited welcome home. 

Early in November, the One Hundred and Ninety-Fourth Re- 
giment, Col. James Nagle, and Lambert's Independent Cavalry — 
one hundred days' mea — were mustered out of the service, and 
the members returned home. 



CALL FOR FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN. 



Washington, Monday, July 18, 1864. 
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 

A PIIOCLA3IATION. 

Whereas, By the act, approved July 4, 1864, entitled, <'Au Act further 
to regulate and provide for the enrolling and calling out the national 
forces, and for other purposes," it is provided that the President of the 
United States may, at his discretion, at any time hereafter^ call for any 
number of men as volunteers, for the respective terms of one, two and 
three years, for military service, and "that in case the quota or any 
part thereof of any town, township, ward of a city, precinct or election 
district, or of a count}- not so sub-divided, shall 'not be filled within the 
space of fift^y days after such call, then the President shall immediately 
order a draft for one year to fill such quota, ©r any part thereof, which 
may be unfilled. 

And ivhereas, The new enrollment heretofore ordered is so far com- 
pleted as that the aforementioned act of Congress may now be put in 
operation for recruiting and keeping up the strength of the armies in 
the field, for garrisons, and such military operations as may be required 
for the purpose of suppressing the Rebellion and restoring the authority 
of the United States Government in the insurgent States ; 

Now, therefore, 1, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, 
do issue this my call for five hundred thousand volunteers for the mili- 
tary service : provided, nevertheless, that all credits which may bo 
established under section eight of the aforesaid act, on account of per- 
Bons who have entered the naval service during the present Rebellion, 
and by credits for men furnished to the military service in excess of 
oalls heretofore made for volunteers, will be accepted under this call for 
one, two or three years, as they may elect, and will be entitled to the 
bounty provided by the law for the period of service for which they 
anlist. 

And I hereby proclaim, order and direct that, immediately after the 
Uh day of September, 1864, being fifty days from the date of this call, 



872 



The CAMPAiaN of 1864. 



a draft for troops to serve for one_ year, shall be held in every town, 
township, ward of a city, precinct, election district, or a county not so 
sub-divided, to fill the quota which shall be assigned to if under this 
call^ or any part thereof which may be unfilled by volunteers on the 
said 5th day of September, 1864. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my 
[l.s.] hand, and caused the seal of the United 

States to be affixed. 
Done at the City of Washington this 18th day of July, in the year of 
oux Lord, 1864, and of the independence of the United States, the 89th. 

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 
By the President : Wm. H. Seward, Sec. c^' State. 

Under this call the yarious sub-districts of the County went to 
work to fill up their respective quotas with volunteers. The names 
(^ the men and of the regiments they entered, are as follows : 

FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

COMPANY A. 

Peter, John 

Total, - . ^ , . - - t 

COMPANY C. 
Sturm, Joseph 

Total, - 1 

COMPANY E. 

Danlop, Archibald Muir, Michael Meredith, Robert 

Heisler, George J. 

Total, 4 

COMPANY F. 

Miller, David Miller, John 

Total, - ... ^ - - 2- 

COMPANY G. 

Carl, Peter Laub, Charles Rudolph, John 

Galligan, Patrick 

Total, 4 

COMPANY H. 

Craw, Henry Lloyd, Thomas Raup, George M. 

Hallady, George Miller, Jacob Road, John 

Hetherington, James D. Price, William, Thompson, Josiah W. 

Judge, John 

Total, ,.---.. 10 

COMPANY I. 

Boyer, Wesley Freed, Samuel Neyman, Jacob 
Total, 3 

COMPANY K. 

CftBhan, Michael Fenstermacher, Henry Snyder, Paul 

Ebert, Jacob Kline, Benjamin F. 

Total, .--.--* 4. 



The Campaign of 1864. 



378 



RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, -. -1 

" C, 1 

«• E, 4 

F, - - 2 

«' a, 4 

'• H, 10 

"I, 3 

" K, 5 

Total, - . 30 



THIRD PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY/ 



Frank, Adam 

Total, 



Gallagher, James 
Total, 



Britt, Henry 
Bartholomew, Mon'han 
Brahany, Edward 
Brennan, Patrick P. 
Boas, John 
Brennan, William 
Brennan, Michael 
Brennan, Richard 
Bennet, Samuel 
Brown John 
Bergen, Michael 
Bell, William 
Bowen, John 
Burns, James 
Gurry, Thomas 
Crean, Patrick 
Cardan, Patrick 
Cameron, Henry 
Cowan, John 
Cowry, Patrick 
Carey, Edward 
Cromin, Thomas 
Cain, Martin 
Carney, Thomas 
I)olan, Patrick 
Donahoe, John 
Davis, David 
Dougherty, John 
Donahoe, Edward 

Total, 



COMPANY A 
Morgan, Richard 

COMPANY C 



COMPANY L 

Devine, Thomas 
Darragh, James 
Davis, John 
Evans, William 
Farrell, James 
Gillaspy, Patrick 
Garrety, James 
Goulden, Edward 
Horan, Thomas 
Hope, Dominick 
Hurley, John 
Hall, William 
Kelly, Thomas 
Kelly, Patrick 
Kline, Wm. E. 
Kinney, Edward 
Langton, Patrick 
Larkin, Patrick 
Lewis, William M. 
McKeever, Bernard 
McAndrew, Daniel 
McGlinn, John 
Mulheran, William 
McGowan, John 
Morrissey, Edward 
McAllister, Henry 
Mulhall, Edward 
McGovern, James 



Murphy, James 
Murphy, Michael 
McBrearty, Patrick 
INIorgan, Thomas 
McLaughlin, John 
Michael, William 
Mullany, Michael 
Norton, Patrick 
O'Neal, Michael 
O'Neill, Thomas 
Owens, Morgan P. 
Piatt, Thomas 
Parry, David 
Phillips, David 
Peel, Richard 
Ross, William 
Riley, Thomas 
Pvyan, Dennis 
Rose, Thomas 
Riley, Henry 
Renfrew, James 
Sweeney, James 
Shivelhut, George 
Saddler, Joseph 
Waters, John 
Whitaker, John 
Watkins, James 
Wilkins, James 

85 



3T4 



The Campaign of 1864. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Compahy, A, --------2 

" • C, - - 1 

♦' L, - 85 

Total, 88 



FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

COMPANY B. 

Boyer, Charles Luckenbill, Henry Smith, David 
Total, - - 3 

COMPANY C. 

IJensinger, William F, Hopkins, John Price, John 

Bensinger, Franklin E. Horn, Joseph Price, William 

Britton, Daniel il. Hartz, Israel Remley, John H. 

Brady, John Hannon, James J. Spallman, Patrick 

Blasius, Lewis Jones, Richard TI. Snow, Peter 

Crouthamel, Milton Jones, David Seitzinger, Charles A. 

Donahoe, James Klees, Abner G. Seitzinger, John L. 

Durang, Philip Kleesner, Peter Smith, Charles H. 

Dillman, AVilliam Kuhter, Moses Stahl, John 

Dorn, Peter Mertz, SMUiuel A. Shane, Jacob 

Evans, Thomas B. iMock, Charles Teple, Robert 

Ettriugham, John Maicks, Edward C. Theobald, Geojrge 

Fetterman, George Murray, William Treibley, Benj. F. 

Fethcrolf, Joseph Meyer, Peter ' Thomas, John 

Feist, Joseph Merkert, John W, Wentzel, Jonas 

Gartland, Daniel McManaman, Daniel Wilson, Peter S. 

Oegler, Anthony Owens, Thomas Warnich, Henry 

Houser, Theodore OShaughnessy, Mich. 

Total, 53 

COMPANY E. 
Bummersbach, Peter Ford, Oswald 

Total, 2 

COMPANY H. 
Roberts, Benjamin R, 

Total, 1 

COMPANY M . 

Mason, Edward Sykes, George 

Total, - 2 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company B, -- 3 

" C, __.---. -53 

" E, 2 

" H, 1 

" M, 2 

Total, 61 



The Campaign of 1864. 



375 



SEVENTEENTH PENN. CAVALEY. 
COMPANY F. 

Davies, David Morris, Thomas Raker, Isaac 

Evans, David Morris, Joseph Stephens, Thomas 

Jones, Thomas Morgan Thomas Thomas Frederick 

Jones, Richard Price, Henry Williams, John J. 

Loftus, Thomas Reese, Benjamin 

Total, - - 14 

' COMPANY H. 

Beaver, Frank Hasher, Bernard Neier, Charles 

Bucher, John C. John, Henry T. O'Shaughness}^ Peter 

Brennan, Luke Johnson, Lloyd, AV. Pliillips, George 

Carl, Jacob Knicher, Abraham Parke, Melvin S. 

Casey, Thomas Kline, Felix Plappert, George 

Conley, Michael Kline, Jacob Boeder, Nathaniel 

Cleaver, Jesse Y. Kestenboimder, James Rumbel, "William 

Depken, Henry Kallenbach, Otto Rohan, Peter 

Etzel, Gottfried Lloyd, Michael L. Rider, Lloyd T. 

Fetterman, Benjamin Lindenmuth, Henry Sommar, Andrew 

Fisher, Allen B. McMullen, Daniel Schmitz, Nicholas 

Graham, James Mears, Commodore P. Schlee, Joseph 

Good, Alfred Mourer, Peter "VVatkins, Edward 

Gable, Solomon Marks, Jonas Werntz, Peter 

Glen, David G. Miner, Theodore Yeich, Daniel 

Higgins, Joseph McDonnell, Michael 

Total, 47 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company F, 14 • 

" H, 47 

Total, 61 



EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 



Gillespie, John 

Total, 

Wfillaec, Vv'illiaro 
Total, 

Deael, Albert J. 
Total, 



COMPANY A. 

Ileinert, Henry F. 

COMPAjSY d. 

COMPANY G. 



1 



RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, - - '1 

'' D, 1 

" G, 1 

Total, 4 



ST6 The Campaign of 1864. 

FIRST PE]sr:^SYLyANIA CAYALEY. 
COMPANY M. 

Bird, Alonzo Kinney, Jacob F. 

Total, 2 

MNTH PENiTSYLYANIA CAYALHY. 
COMPANYE. 

Gallagher, John 

Total, 1 

ELEYENTH PEISTFSYLYAKIA CAYALEY. 
COMPANY F. 

Furey, Charles Giddings, William ' 

Total, 2 

COMPANY H. 
Carrey, James B. 

Total, 1 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company F, 2 

" H, 1 

Total, 2 

TWELFTH PEI^ISrSYLYAISriA CAYALEY. 
COMPANY F. 

Mooro, Samuel 

Total, 1 

TWEKTY-FIEST PEFIN. CAYALEY. 
COMPANY D. 

Davison, Joseph Hissong, David Snively, William II. 

Finfroch, D. II. 

Total, 4 

DUEYELL'S PENTIsrSYLYAOTA AETILLEEY. 

Bayne, William B. Fink, William Tobias, Samuel A. 

Brash, Henry Knapp, Levi II. Williams, Georg« 

Bracefield, William F. Kocli, George E. Weaver, George 

Commens, Thomas Maloney, Andrew Weaver, Charles F. 

Clark, William N. Parton, Henry Yerger, Eli 

Eichley, Adam Khoads, Amandua 

Total, 17 



/ 



The Campaign of 1864. 



87T 



- FIRST PEl^NSYLVAMA ARTILLERY. 
COMPANY A. 

Fetter, Henry Hanley, James ?kIcLauglilin, Patrick 

Goldman, Oliver Maidenford, Edward 

Total, 5 



FIFTIETH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 



Bender, Jacob 
Burns, Henry 
Boyer, Louis 
Burns, Franklin 
Bretz, William 
Browii, George W. 
Correll, Joseph 
Christian, Henry B. 
Eiler, Charles 
Eckert, Marks E. 
Garby, Mahlon 
Total, 



COMPANY 

Hulebusli, David 
Krebs, Andrew 
Knarr, Isaac 
Knarr, George 
Lendal, John L. 
Lindermuth, Jacob 
Merker, William 
Mills, Henry B. 
Marland, Edward 
Myer, George 
Foots, Martin 



C 



Raber, Lewis B. 
Seifert, John 
Sayman, Lewis 
Sheck, Paul 
Sweeney, John 
Safert, William B. 
Smith, John 
Shugart, William 
Wall, Augustus 
Walises, Thomas 
Wasner, Samuel 
33 



FIFTY-FIRST PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

Herber, Elias 

Total, 1 



FIFTY-SECOND PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY G. 

Ranks, Henry J. Hubler, Edward L. Messersmith, Jeremiali 

Fegley, Jesse Lamberson, Aaron Neifert, Henry 
Faust, Elias K. 

Total, 7 



O'Ponnel, Michael 
Total 



COMPANY K. 

McGarr, James 



RECAPITULATION. 

Company G, --------7 

" K, 2 

Total, 9 



SEVENTIT-FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT 

COMPANY G. 

•Billian, Barnebas 

Total, 1 

32 



378 The Campaign of 1864. 

ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH PENN. REG'T. 

COMPANY D. 

Bojer, Jolin M. 

Total, 1 

ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTIETH PENN. REG'T. 
GOMPAISY D. 

Everhard, Abraham 

Total, 1 

ONE HUNDRED & FIFTY-SECOND PA. REG'T. 

COMPANY L. 

Fisher, Ranslow 

Jotal, .-.--.. 1 ;; 

ONE HUNDRED & NINETY-EIGHTH PA. REG'T. 

Everhard, Daniel M. 

Total, - , - - > - - - - 1 

ONE HUNDRED & NINETY-NINTH PA. REG'T. 

Kiock, John T. Shunian, Henry Saylor, Jacob R. 

Litvreiler, John Stuber, John Yost, William N. 

Total, ------- 6 

TWO HUNDREDTH PENN. REGIMENT. 

Diehl, Francis Hofalecli, Michael McShea, Thomas 
Davidson, Jonathan Leaver, William O'Donnell, Charles 
Fogt, George Matthews, Thomas Richards, John 
Goheen, Thomas McCauley, Thomas Scholly, George 
Total, 12 

TWO HUNDRED & SECOND PENN. REGIMENT. 

COMPANY B. 

Hoffman, Jacob D. Sechler, Wilson Snyder, Elias 

Hyde, George J, 

Total. 4 

THIRTY-SECOND U. S. (COLORED) REGIMENT. 

Kigbee, Hosca Robinson, Benjamin 

Total, -.--.-. 2 

GRAND RECAPITULATION. 

Forty-eighth, - - - - - - - - SO 

TUird Pennsylvania Cavalry, - 89 ' 

Total, - - ~n9 



4 



The Campaign of 1864. • 379 



Total brought forward, - - - - 11^ 

Fifth Pennsylvania Cavalry, ------ 61 

Seventeenth, •' " __..-- 61 

Eighth *' ** 4 

First '♦ '« 2 

Ninth " *' 1 

Eleventh " *' - 3 

Twelfth " " 1 

Twenty-first " '' , 4 

Dury ell's Pennsylvania Artillery, - - - - - 17 

First " «'------ 5 

Fiftieth Pennsylvania Regiment, _ . _ - 33 

Fifty-first " *«_--.--- 1 

Fifty-second " '* - - - - - - 9 

Seventy -fifth " ** i 

One Hundred and Seventh Penna. Regiment, - - 1 

" " '< Fiftieth " «<_.-- 1 

«* «' " Fifty-second a . . . 1 

<< a a Ninety-eighth " - - - - 1 

«' '< " Ninety-ninth << _ - - C, 

Two Hundredth Pennsylvania Regiment - - - - 12 

Two Hundred and Second Penna. '' - - - - - •# 

Thirty-second U. S. (Colored) " ----- 2 



Grand Total, 350 

This embraces all who were CDlisted in Schuylkill County under 
that call, as preStjrved in the records of the Provost Marshal of 
the Tenth District. There may have been, and unquestionably 
were, representatives of Schuylkill County, enlisted in other dis- 
tricts, under the call, but scattered as they necessarily were, it 
.was impossible to obtain their names. 



THE CALL FOR THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND MEN. 

On the 19th of December, 1864, the President issued a Procla- 
mation, calling for three hundred thousand volunteers, to supply 
deficiencies under previous calls, and to provide for casualties 
incident to the war. No excess of credits previous to the 19th, 
was to be allowed, and in case the quota of any district under the 
call should not be filled by the 15th of February, 1865, a draft 
should take place in that district. 

The citizens of Schuylkill County went to work and recruited 
with such success that within the time allotted, the quotas of the 
respective sub-districts were almost all filled. 

The following is a list of the names of the men who volunteered 
under this call, with the numbers of the Pennsylvania regimentg 
they entered. I 



880 



Thk Campaign of 1864. 



FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

COMPANY A. 



]Jenaingcr, George 
Denisey, James 
Griffith, Lemuel 
Total, 



Creitz, Henry I'. 
Chectham, Edward 
Coutts, John 
Christ, David 
• Dintinger, William H. 
Fry, James B. 
Fry, William 
Jones, Robert 

Total, 

FiUiott, Thomas 
■' ' Total, 



I'ean, Albert 
iiradley, James 
Connelly, xdichael 
Dentzer, Henry 
Goodfiech, William 
Geist, Heni-y 
Hess, W^illiam 
Kaiu, George 

Total, 



Blanck, Charles 
Clemens, Joseph 
Carby, Thomas 
Dunlop, John 
Daley, Edward 
Gavnor, Austin 
Total, 



Broderick, Thomas 
Ferree, Jacob F. 
Total, 

Frederick, Joel 
Total, 

Bennie, Alexander 
Evans, Thomas 
Graber, John 

Total, 



Kline, Benjamin F. 
Mumma, Isaac 
Einker, Charles 



COMPANY B. 



Seltzer, Francis B. 
Shantz, William 
W^eikel, Henry 
9 



Kinsley, Michael 
Kleckner, Lewis 
Lins, Nathan 
Lins, Franklin S. 
Lugan, Christopher 
Mace, Daniel F. * 
Moyer, Daniel H. 



COMPANY C. 

Martin, James T. 

COMPANY D 

Knoll, Geo. W. 
Kistar, Daniel 
Kahler, Eli as 
McCormick, Thomas 
Montgomery, Levi 
McGuirc, Edward 
Musco'tt, John 



COMPANY E 

Hays, Thomas 
Loesby, George 
Lowry, John 
McGeary, Daniel 
Murphy, William 



COMPANY F 

Glacken, Hugh 
Shell, Elias 



Morsdin, Geo. 
Rinker, Henry 
Swoyer, William L. 
Shoemaker, John 
Ulmer, G. H. 
Vaughn, Charles 
Zehner, Joseph H. 

22 



McBride, Richard B. 
Ritter, Simon 
Schollenberger, Chfts. 
Schmidt, Jacob E. 
Straub, Emanuel 
Whalen, Michael 
Wolfgang, Mathevr W. 

22 



Mullen, William 
Norton, James 
O'Neil, John 
Walter, Ciiristian 
Whalen, James 



JQ 



Wallace, John 
Wardrop, Thomas 
G 



COMPANY G 



COMPANY H 



Lentz, Willoughby 
Mulloohy, Michaeb 
McCanna, Peter 



Muntitude, John 
Smith, Thomas 



The Campaign of 1864. 



381 



Cooper, Matthew 
Costello, James 
Griffith, Thomas 
Lees, John 

Total, 



COMPANY I. 

Lance, Parker Shappell, Jacob 

Martin, Robert Smith, William 

Reinhart, August Tobias, John F. 



10 



Bousman, John 
Fenstermacher, Daniel 
Total, 



Company A, 
B, 



COMPANY K. 

Homan, Amos Wildermuth, Joseph 



RECAPITULATION, 



C, 

D, 

E, 

F, 

0, 

H, 

I, 

K, 

Total, 



9 

22 
2 

22 

16 
6 
1 
8 

10 
4 



100 



Canfield, Patrick 
Ganley, James 

Total, 



TWENTY-EIGHTH EEGIMEKT. 
COMPANY A. 

McDonnell, Alexander Wilson, Andrew 
Spatzer, Emanuel 



Highman, Thomas 
Total, 



Company A, 
- B, 



C M P A N Y B . 

Moore, Henry E. 



RECAPITULATION. 



Total, 



EOETY-FIFTH EEGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Lyons, William W. McCabe, Thomas 

Total, .-_.--- 



FORTY-SEVEKTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY 0. 

Upman, Augustus 

Total, - - ^ ■ 

32* 



'^^ The Campaign of 1864. 

FIFTIETH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Snyder, Daniel IT. Scliwenk, Aaron K. 

Total, - - 2 

COMPANY G. 

Block, David Koch, William Paul, Peter 

Fisher, Prankiiu E. Kearney, Charles 

Total, & 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company, A, --------2 

" C, 5 

Total, ^ - - - 7 

FIFTY-FIRST REGIMENT. 
COMPANY D. 

Welsh, John 

Total, 1 

FIFTY-SECOND REGIMENT. 
COMPANY H. 

Brennau, John Dalton, Thomas Horan, James H. 

Burke, Patrick Donnelly, Patrick Kealey, Richard 

Butler', John Donahoe, Patrick Naughton, Thomaa 

Clearv, James Fitzgerald, AValter Paddeu, Henry 

Donahoe, Michael W. Horan, Stephen Reddy, Christopher 
Donahoe, James 

Total, lU 

FIFTY-FIFTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY B. 

Kemmerer, Frank 

Total, 1 

COMPANY E. 

Connery, Arthur Dormer, John 

Total, .--...- 2 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company B, 1 

- E, - - - - - - - - ^ 

Total, 2 

FIFTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY K. 

Siweenv, Michael 

Total, • - 1 



The Campaign op 1864. 






FIFTY-OTNTH EEGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 

dark, Alexander Waters, Francis P. 

Total, --..---. 2 

SIXTY-FIFTH EEGIMEJvTT. 
COMPANY A. 

Anderson, Robert Dougherty, William Prior, Thomas 

CosLello, Michael McGowen, Thomas Ryan, Patrick 

Chadwick, Richard Minnig, John H. Wanner, John 
Dolan, James 

Total, - - 10 

COMPANY C. 

Barks, Thomas Fox, Hugh Murphy, John 

Connor, James Gothic, Jacob McNale, Richard 

Clews, Joseph Howard, John Mehan, Christopher 

Childs, David Hublett, William McLain, Robert 

Davis, Reese Jones, Enoch Ruffing, Lambert 

Donkin, Joseph F, Lucid, William Stevenson, William 

Elliot, John Morgan, David Williams, Thomas J. 

Evans, James Miller, Joseph Zell, George 

Flynn, Cornelius Morgan, David Zeigler, Andrew 
Fox, James 

Total, 28 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company A, --.--.._ IQ 

C, ■- - - 28 

Total, - - - • - - - - 38 



SIXTY-EIGHTH KEGIiMENT. 
COMPANY H. 

>IcGugert, James Riley, Thomas 

Total, - - 



SEVENTIETH REGIMENT. 



Brennan, John 
Fetterman, Leander 
Greenhalgh, John 
Howe, Wellington B. 
Hartnett, Jeremiah 
Total, 

Blystone, William M. 
Crowley, Robert 
Curran, Nicholas 
Cain, Anthony 
Fitzpatrick, William 
Total, 



COMPANY 

Ingham, John 
Kent, Daniel 
Minnich, Aaron 
Moser, George E. 



McCullion, JameR 
McCanley, John 
Price, Franklin 
Roadarmel, Ira 



13 



COMPANY 

Kelly, Edvrard 
Kline, Jonathan 
Keegan, James 
Kapp, John G. 
Levan, William B. 



B 



McDermott, John 
McCuUy, John 
Snyder, Jeremiah H, 
Tolimsh, Patrick 
Watts, Joseph 
16 



384 



The Campaign of 1864. 



RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, --------13 

" B, - 15 

Total, • . - - . 28 



SEVENTY-FIFTH KEGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Thompson, John 

Total, . _ . . .^ . - • 



1 



EIGHTY-ISriNTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Hale, Samuel Jones, Thomas 

Total, 2 

COMPANY B. 

James, John 

Total, 1 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, -..>.--2 
" B, 1 

Total, - S 



NINETY-THIRD REGIMENT. 



Adam, Levi 
Brown, Samuel II. 
Bartow, Henry E. 
Boyer, Henry 
Clemens, Israel 
Fessler, William 
Fisher, Simon 
Foreman, William 
Faber, Jeremiah 
Heiser, Samuel 
Total, 



COMPANY 

Hummel, Henry 
Klinger, Elias 
Leftler, Samuel 
Miller, Peter W. 
Minnich, Elias 
Marshall, Samuel 
Miller, Howard 
Ragear, William 
Reed, Israel 
Ragear, Franklin 



F. 



Reahm, Israel R. 
Reed, Jeremiah 
Schmelzer, Geo. W. 
Strupenhaver, AaroB 
Stomm, James M. 
Witmer, Michael 
Washington, Fairfax 
Weaver, Joseph H. C. 
Youtz, Henry 



29 



NINETY-FIFTH REGIMENT. 



Moyer, Ephraim 

Total, 

Breen, Peter 
Clemens, Henry 
Total, 



COMPANY C 



COMPANYE 

Eckert, Franklin 
Purcell, Edward 



Wolff, William T-. 



The Campaign of 1864. 



385 



Brennan, Dennis 
Breuuan, Stephen 
Total, 



Company C, 
E, 



COMPANY G. 

Lawler, Patrick, R^'^an, Lawrence 



RECAPITULATION. 



Total, 



- 10 



ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH REGIMENT. 

Tlie following is a copy of the muster roll of a company that was 
recruited under this call, in Schuylkill County, by Capt. J. W. 
Kantner of Tamaqua, for the One Hundred and Fourth Regiment : 



Captain, J. W. KANTNER. 
1*^ Lieut., W. A. Christian. 
2d Lieut., Elias Sassaman. 
Ist Sergeant, Henry C. Boyer. 



2d 
Zd 

Atk 
bth 



Aaron Kino. 
James Moyeh. 
Chas. D, Pursell. 
Frank B. Graeff. 



\st Corporal, Holden Chester. 



2c? Corporal, James Hodgkins. 
od " Wm. H. Roehrig. 
4//i " Joel Sassaman. 
bth " Israel Britton. 
Q>th " Joseph Hodgkins. 
1th " John Hunlock. 
^th " John Re alley. 
Musician, John Moyer. 
" James Sterling. 



Alberton, William 
Bachart, James 
Becker, Joseph 
Billman, Gideon 
Bream, Francis 
Bobst, Daniel 
Bowman, John 
Bachart, Michael M. 
Baker, Samuel 
Cook, "William 
Campbell, Charles 
Callahan, Hugh 
Connelly, Peter 
Crosley, John AV. 
Doubenspeck, Jacob 
Donahoe, Henry J. 
DonaglifF, Edward 
Eckroth, Daniel 
Eberl, Edward 
Foust, Daniel H. 
Fero, John 
Fay, Thomas 
Fries, John 



PRIVATES : 

Froutz, Jonas 
Fleckinstine, Henry 
Geiger, Joseph 
Gettis, William 
Hess, John 
Hollenbach, Frank 
Hinkley, Isaac 
Haggarty, John 
Hullehu, James B. 
Heartman, James 
Harting, William 
James, James 
Kemmerer, Lewis 
Kocker, Elias 
Karshner, Hesekiah 
Karshner, Francis 
Koenig, Samuel 
Koenig, Solomon 
Lorah, James 
Lorah, Edward 
Levan, Obadiah 
Long, Samuel 
Miller, Levi R 

Ulillor .Tf>cor»h 



Moyer, Geo. W. 
Morgan, John J. 
Morgan, David 
Opker, David 
I O'Brien, John 
Ormes, James 
Price, Thompson 
Paugh, Robert 
Reger, William 
PtOger, John 
Riley, Thomas 
Rubrecht, Levi 
Schuck, Benneville 
Sweigert, Philip 
Swenler, William 
Steigerwalt, Peter 
Steigerwalt, Aaron 
Trine, James 
Wummer, Charles 
Wertman, Levi 
Wert man, Philip 
Wagner, Harrison 
Zellner, William 



386 



Tbe Campaign of 1864. 



RECAPITULATION. 
Commissioned Officers, - - - . 8 
Non-commissioned Officers, - - - - 13 
Musicians, _ _ - - - - "2 
Privates, - - 71 

Total, -------- 89 

0:NrE HUIsrDRED AND EIGHTH EEGIMEIS^T. 
COMPANY A. 

Allen, John Cliristian, Daniel Jenkins, John 

Buhl, John G. Ilnyes, John Owens, John 

Bricer, Edward Holland, Henry Williams, William D, 
Conahan, Maner 

Total, 10 

COMPANY M. 

Becker, Jonathan Griffiths, William Newton, Richard 

Boydell, John Henderson, John Newelton, Henry 

Bell, George Higginson, William Reese, Edward 

Botts, John Kirby, Ralph Seitzinger, John 

Conningham, Nicholas Kelly, Henry Stride, Hugh 

Carley, George Klare, William Thorpe, James 

Dcarden, Alfred Llewellyn, Thomas Walters, James 

Evans, John Lewis, James Wright, Herman 

Edwards, Joseph J. McDonough, John Williams, Thomas A. 

Fritz, Winfield Morgan, Evan Williams, William 
Galligher, John 

Total, 31 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company A, - 10 

" M, _ - - - _ - - 31/ 

Total, - it - - - - - - 41 

ONE HUXDEED AND NTINTH REGIMENT. 
COMPANY A. 

Ford, Nehemiah Filbert, Charles Ilizer, Hiram 

Jones, George H. 

Total, „-.---. 4 

ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTEENTH REG'T. 
COMPANYI. 

Hey cock, Theophilus Morgan, John 

Total, ------- 2 

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH REGIMENT, 

COMPANY F. 

Poroy, William Miller, John Rafferty, Charles 

Total, - - - - . - - 3 



The Campaign op 1864. 



387 



ONE HimDRED AND SIXTY-FIRST REG'T. - 
COMPANY X. 



ConraJ, Joseph S. 


Moyer Jonathan D. 


Smith, Robert 


(^.antield, Thomas 


Owens, William 


Thomas, Evan J. 


Derr, Gabriel 


Oswalt, Daniel 


Williams, William 


Fiaher, John 


Roach, Michael 


Williams, Thomas 


Kramer, Israel 


Riland, Charles 


Williams, John D. 


Total, 


COMPANY B. 


15 


Bayler, Heury 


Hendricks, Commodore 


Redmond, Charles 


Bufliap, Casper 


Hetheriugton, Jacob E. 


Rader, David 


Barr, Edward 


Horan, John 


Reich, Joseph 


Barr, John W. 


Harrison, James 


Rarich, Levi 


Clark, George W. 


Hand, Daniel W. 


Reed, George 


Collins, Thomas A. 


Kimmel, Hiram 


Riley, Aaron 


Carr, Philip A. 


Keen, Heury 


Schrope, Ephriam B. 


Delaney, Edward 


Kreicher, Samuel 


Shak, Henry 


Davis, Wilmer A. 


Levy, David 


Sagar, John 


Dress, Edward 


Lengel, George W\ 


Shartel, Lewis C. 


Deibert, William H. 


Ley, William 


Schwartz, Samuel W. 


Ennis, Robert 


Lindermuth, Samuel 


Saylor, Joseph B. 


Eisenhart, Samuel 


Lenahan, Patrick 


Say lor, Alfred M. 


Eierby, Moses 


McDonald, James 


Shuey, Adam 


Fox, Edward 


Mease, Michael 


Steahley, Frederick 


Forrer, George M. 


McKinsey, Daniel 


Warts, Daniel 


Gray, John 


Moyer, Isaac 


Wagner, Nathan 


Gehret, Henry 


Moul, Daniel 


Williams, John 


Hall, John 


Marques, Emriguiido 


Williams, Milton 


Horn, William 


Minnich, Samuel 


Weiondt, John K. 


Horn, Jr., John 


Myer, Nathan 


Yeager, Jacob J. 


Houck, John 


Pinker ton, Henry 


Zimmerman, Jacob J 


Hendricks, Sassamau, 


Phillippi, Charles 


Zeck, Frederick 


Total, 


■ - 


69 




RECAPITULATION. 




Company A, 

B, - 


4 


15 
- - 69 



Total, 



84 



OKE HUNDRED & EIGnTY-SEC01>rD REG'T. 
COMPANY A. 

Buckwalter, Jacob Schropp, Franklin Schropp, William 

Murphy, Richard 

Total, - - - . - - - • - 4 



Bressler, Charles 
Total, 

Buck, Nathan 

Total, 



COMPANY B 
COMPANY E, 



ililler, Jacob 



Strohl, Adam 



388 



The 



Campaign of 1864. 



COMPANY H. 

Leslior, Alfred Leslier, Alexander 

Total, 2 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, . . . . • > • . • ^ 

" B, 1 

" E, 3 

'« H, 2 

Total, 10 

ONE HUjN"DRED & EIGHTY-FOURTH REG'T. 
COMPANY D. 

Delogier, James Montgomery, John Wilts, Evaristus 
Total, 3 



OKE HUNDRED & NINE Y- SECOND REG'T, 
COMPANY A. 



Boice, Daniel 
Cox, Lloyd 
Hopkins, Thomas 
Jones^ Frank 

Total, 



Jones, John C. 
Jones, Richard 
Kunkel, Charles 



Powell, Abiathar 
Snyder, Joseph 
Stiff, Moses 



10 



TWO HUNDRED AND SECOND REGIMENT. 
COMPANY C. 

Drennan, Edward Lynch, James Schimp, George 
Dillinger, William H. Madara, Zachariah P. "Wissner, Charles 

Faust, Augustus Meghan, John Woods, James 

Hood, John R. Quinn, David Wertz William 

Hill, William Quinn, Elias Weise, John 

Lynch, Bernard Stout, William 

Total, . . . . » . . . 17 

COMPANY .D. 

Cook, Monroe J. 

Total, 1 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company C, ....... 17 

*. D, . ....... 1 

Total, 18 



TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTH REGIMENT. 

COMPANY E. 

Ileagey, Charles 

Total, ..... 1 



The Campaign op 1864. 



389 



TWO HUr]N'DRED AND TE:^TH KEGIMENT. 
COMPANY E. 



Bainbridge, William Kelley, John 
Bummersbaeh, Jacob F. Kelley, James A. 
Brennan, Edward Leahy, Frank 

Haggerty, Jehn Morley, James 

Joice, John McCoy, William 

Total, - - - - 



Naiighton, Michael 
Roe, Thomas 
Sarichs, Joseph 
Stride, James 
Whims, James 
15 



TWO HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH REG'T. 
COMPANY B. 

Mdttee, Matthew 

Total, . - - - . . - 1 

COMPANY C. 

Bear, John Miller, Isaac Scheirer, William 

Total, - - - - . - - 3 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company B, --------1 

.i C, -------- 3 

Total, - - 4 



TWO HUNDRED AND FOURTEENTH REC- 
COMPANY A. 

Hulihan, Martin 



i'T. 



Fox, Patrick 

Total, 



Adams, Israel 
Barr, Daniel 
Blatchley, Wm. 
Bookmiller, John 
Bloomer, Frank 
Crosley, John M. 
Connelly, James 
Cole, Alexander 
Cook, Benjamin J. 
Emerich, George 
Felty, John H. 
Fleckinstine, Henry 
Total, 



COMPANY C 

Fitzgerald, Thomas 
Grimes, James 
Hummel, John 
Hale, Joseph 
Levan, Jacob 
Lengel, Adam 
Marshall, Wm, 
McBride, James 
Mullen, Michael 
Mahon, James 
Faugh, Robert) 



Kehoe, Edw.ird 
3 



Reichard, Joseph 
Reed, Emanuel 11. 
Rehr, Plenry 
Rehrer, George 
Smith, John II. 
Smith, Patrick 
Traner, John 
Weisert, John 
Zimmerman, Isaac 
Zimmerman, Geo. M. 
Zerby, Joseph 

-- ?4 



RECAPITULATION. 



Company, A, 
" C, 



Total, 



33 



34 



37 



3dO 



The Campaign of 1864. 



TWO HUITDRED AISTD FIFTEENTH EEGIMENT. 
COMPANYE. 

Headricks, Charles J. Johnson, Mathew L. 

Total, 2 



SEVENTH CAYALEY. 
COMPANY A. 

I>eegao, John Jones, Jacob D. 

Total, 

COMPANY Q. 
Beasinger, George R. 

Total, - 

COMPANY K. 

Burns, John McCabe, Luke 

Total, - - ... 



RECAPITULATION. 



Company A, 
" K, 
Total. - 



EIGHTH CAYALHY. 
COMPANY E. 

Kagan, Patrick McAughey, John 

Total, - - - - - 



FIRST ARMY CORPS.— (6;e?i. Hancock.) 

Benseman, Henry C. Edwards, William Rice, Sylvester C 
Brassier, George Hauer, Cyrus Waltz, Perry 
£bert, John H. Rahn, Richard "Vaughn, Francis 
Total, y 



INDEPENDENT INFANTRY COMPANY^ 



Aurftnd, Jacob 
Brown, Samuel 
Burke, James 
Bedford, John 
Bertram, Franklin M. 
Brown, George T. 
Boyor, William 
Baasett, Melvin 
Becker, Samuel 
Berger, Amos 
Breeoh, Jacob 



(^Capt. Womehdorff?} 

Capp, Ephraim 
Chester, Holden 
Davis, William 
Dicus, William 
Dougherty, James 
Fisher, Geo. W. 
Frine, James 
Folk, Chas. A. 
Fox, Wm. S. 
Frantz, Augustus 
Gallagher, James 



Graeff, Francis B. 
Grimm, Jr., John 
Grimm, Wellington 
Hartman, Wm. 
Hein, Josiah 
Harner, Wm. L. 
Hartzell, Wm. T. 
Hall, John 
Jones, John 
Johnston, Benj. P. 
Kelly. Johu 



The Campaign op 1864. 



391 



Independent InIpantry Company. — Continued. 



Keller, Wm. 
King, Aaron 
Keefer, Geo. 
Libhard, Wm. H. 
McNulty, Hugh 
Miller, Joseph 
McCarthy, Chas. 
Michael, Wm. 
Moyer, Isaac 
Mojer, Jas. 
AfcNeil, Wm. 
Margern, C. E. 
Maly, Thos. 
Moyer, Edward 
Total, 



Propst, Daniel 
Parcel, C. G. 
Rohrbach, A. T. 
Riley, John 
Rhoads, G. W. 
Richard, Wm. _ 
Schoelpple, Matthe 
Strauser, George 
Shoffstall, Charles 
Schweiker, W. G. 
Schmeltzer, Chas. 
Strouser, Abraham 
Strauser, Aaron 



Strauser, Wm. 
Strouse, H. J. 
Thomas, Philip 
Thomas, Howell 
Winne, John 
Wertz, Wm. W. 
w Williams, Wm. 
Wagner, A. F. 
Womelsdorf, John R. 
Wintersteen, P. 
Weaver, Benj. 
Weaver, Fayer 
Zarr, Benj. 



73 



KEGIMENTS, NUMBERS UNKNOWN. 

Daress, Thomas Getter, Wm. B, Sanders, Lewis 

Duffey, Bernard Madden, Mich. Thomas, W^m. 

Flanigan, Mathew Reynolds, Morgan 

Total, 8 



THIRD U. c 



Gala man, Charles 
Total, 



B. REGIMENT (CQLORED.) 
C M P A N Y E . 

Wright, Daniel 



TWENTY-FOURTH U. S. REG'T (COLORED.) 
COMPANY K. 

Brown, Alexander Molson, David Surls, John , 

Jones, Joseph Molson, Dan'l Smith, Israel 

Total, 6 



FORTY-FIRST U. S. REGIMENT (COLORED.) 
COMPANY A. 

Snowden, James 

Total, - - - - - - - - 1 



FORTY^THIRD U. S. REGIMENT (COLORED.) 

Bartlett, Samuel 

Total, ,,». = ,-! 



GRAND RECAPITULATION. 
Forty-eighth Regiment, - . _ . 
Twenty-eighth ** 

Total carried forward, 



105 

7 

T07 



392 The Campaign of 1864. 

Total brought forward, - ^ - - ~ - lOT 

f'ort^' -fifth Regiment, - - - -- -,- 2 

Forty-seventh " __----. - 1 

Fiftieth cc . _ T 

Fiftv-first " ------- 1 

Fifty-second . '' 16 

Fifty-tifth " .._--•-- S 

Fifty -eighth '^- 1 

Fifty-ninth '' ------- 2 

Sixty-fifth «^ ------- 88 

Sixty-eighth "- -------2 

Seventieth <c _ _ _ _ - - - ^8 

Seventy-fifth ••' --_»---- i 

Eighty-ninth tt _.„---- 3? 

Ninety-third " ___---- 29* 

Ninety-fifth " - - - - -- - " lO' 

One Hundred and Fourth Regiment, - - - - 89 

'• " Eighth " 41 

i<. <.<: it jsiinth " _--•-- 4 

i: a ii Fourteenth ----- 2 

" "• " Sixteenth "• ^ 

" Sixty-first " - - - - - 84 

<■<■ <-<■ " Eighty-second - - - - - 10 

a <.<■ u Eighty-fourth - " . * " " ^ 

" " " Ninety-second - - - - - 10- 

Tw& Hundred and Second Regiment - - - - 1& 

*' " '^ Erghtli " - - - - - } 

a ti " Tenth '«■----- Id 

" '« " ■ Thirteenth " " ' ~ " ' t 

" " " Fourteeenth ----- 31 

" '<• " Fifteenth - - - - - - 2 

Seventh Cavalry, -------- o. 

Eighth '^ - - - 2 

First Army Corps, - " ~ " " ' ~ »^ 

Independent Infantry Company, - - - - . - 7S 

Regiments unknown, ------- 8 

Third U. S. (Colored) Regiment ----- 2 

Twenty-fourth U. S. (Colored) Regiraeat - - - • 6 

Forty-first " " " - - - • - 1 

Forty-third " " . " - - - " .1 

Grand Total, - - - - -- - "081 

This number would liave been increased, but in April, 1865, 
•;?hen recruiting was progressing briskly, the fall of Kichmond 
nnd surrender of Gen. Lee's Army to the Union forces^ under 
Gen. Grant, caused the War Department to issue an order to stop, 
recruiting. 

On the 2d of March, 18G5, a draft for the deficiency still ex- 
isting took place at the Provost Marshal's headquarters in Potts- 
Yille. The districts however, were allowed time after the draft, to 
SlU up with volunteers, and but few of the drafted men were hel4- 



The Campaign of 1804. 



398 



The following men who were drafted at that time; furnished 
substitutes : 



Agen, William 
Brazil, Michael 
Brennan, Michael 
Bradbury, Philip 
Boyer, Emanuel 
Brosius, Duuiel 
Bickel, Amos R. 
Brennan, John, 
Baker, Jacob 
Brace, Benjamin 
Brownmiller, Nidiolas 
Conner, Daniel 
Crighton, Alextious J. 
Cavenaugh, Patrick 
Collier, Martin 
Cleary, Peter 
DavivS, Silas 
Beiter, Andrew 
Dougherty, James 
Deitzler, William 
Duriisire, Elias 
Dolbin, Robert 
Eckert, William K. 
Eberle, George 
Evans, David 
Eberhard, Frederick 
Fisher, Jacob 
Fidler, Ehrhard 
Grice, Ferdinand 
Graeif, Henry 
George, Jlichard 



Guest, Charles B. 
Howe, John 
Haney, Patrick 
Hughes, William 
Hullihan, John 
Hofl'noan, Benjamin 
Hubler, Levi 
Haag, Gottlieb 
Harthog, Charles 
Hornberger, John 
Hummel, George 
Hasscll, George 
Joice, Martin 
Jacoby, Jacob 
Krebs, Charles 
Klick, John 
Kline, Peier 
Kip, Levv'is 
Keefer, Reuben 
Kester, Peter 
Luvenson, Jacob 
Lloyd, David J. 
Miller, Joseijh 
Malone, Patrick 
Mangan, Thomas 
Murrin, Condy 
McAnarry, Thomas 
Morgan, Lloyd 
Medler, John A. 
Manger, Henry R. 



Miller, David 
McLoughlin, Patrick 
McFadde, Hugh 
Metzinger, John 
Nice, John B. 
Oberlier, Lewis 
Patten, Thomas 
Pepper, Thomas 
Roth, Francis 
Rismiller, Abraham 
Steward, Josiah 
Smith, William 
Schnoke, Jonathan 
Snyder, Nicholas 
Sullivan, John 
Stockett, Thomas R. 
Shuler, Nicholas 
Thirwell, John 
Tobias, Calvin 
Toovey, Thomas 
Walker, George 
Wasser, George 
Williams, William 
Williains, David T. 
Woun, Peter 
Welling, Francis 
Weber, George 
Woodcock, John 
Yost, Benjamin K. 
Zimmerman, Isaac 



In July, 1864, the following drafted men put in substitutes 



Greenawalt, Frank 
Geiger, David 
James, William 
Keller, John 



McWilliams, John C 
Shultz, Augustus. 
Shultz, Francis 
Spinney, A. P. 



Becker, William 
Brown. David 
Bush, Lewis 
Camp, Samuel 
Donahoe, Thomas 

The following men who were drafted in the fall of 1864, under 
the call of July fer five hundred thousand men, put in substitutes: 



Beeler, George 
Beltheiser, George 
Bruase, Nathan 
Boughner, Jefferson 
Brennan. Jr. Thomas 
Brown, John 
Bracey, William 
Brinnen, John 
Bannan, Joseph 
Barr, William 
Brennan. Edward 

33* 



Brennan, Thomas 
Beadle, William 
Canfield, Robert 
Curry, Patrick 
Coffield, Patrick 
Canfield, Thomas 
Carr, Hugh 
Cullen, James 
Donavan, Martin 
Davis, Thomas 
Doud, John 



Davis, John 
Doolan, Edward 
Dick, John 
Donahoe, Joseph 
Durkin, Hugh 
Eagan, Lawrence 
Eagan, John 
Fitzpatrick, John 
Fullenweiler, Henry 
Faust, Samuel 
Gantlet, James 



394 



The Campaign of 1864. 



Drafted Men. who furnished Substitutes — Continued. 



Gallagher, Michael 
Gregory, Simon 
Geiger, John L. 
Geisweit, Charles 
George, Gideon 
Gittings, Benjamin 
Galvin, Peter 
George, John 
Guinn, Michael 
Ilaine, Isaac 
Iloag, Frank 
Hockney, James 
Joice, John 
Jobe, Thomas 
Kleckner, Nathaniel 
Kelley, William 
Kline, Isaac 
Knorr, Josiah 
Kervin, William 
Lawler, James 
Leary, Michael 
Lawler, Daniel 



Leah, Lewis 
Littlehalcs, William H. 
Lynch, William 
Leitenberger, John 
McKuan, Michael 
McKuan^ John 
Morgan, William 
McCarty, Cornelius 
McHugh, Joseph 
Maley, Patrick 
IMiller, William 
!Moore, Patrick -" 

Minnich, Nathan 
Muldowney, John 
jMcKiernan, John 
INlullen, John 
Moser, Frederick 
Neifert, Edward 
Neigard, Andre^w 
Neigard, Andrew 
Norton, William 
Nesbit, William 
Orf,,Adam 



Oehr, John 
Owen, Evan 
O'Donner, John 
Piobber, Conrad 
Quirk, Michael 
Reicliley, Anthony 
Fvyan, Michael 
Piickert, John 
Snyder, Charles 
Sheiveliiut, Jacob 
Sneddon, William 
Stuard,* James L. 
Stein, Simon 
Stone, Samuel 
Smith, Thomas 
Taylor, Thomas 
Taj^lor, James 
Tobias, Jacob 
Welsh, George 
West wood, Samuel 
Welsh, John 
Zei";ler, Alfred 



Larkili, Patrick 

The following enrolled citizens put in substitutes after the cal 
of July, 1864: 



Albright, ^lorganS. 
AUwein, Augustus P. 
Bouer, H'enry S. 
Buck, Peter E. 
Boyer, Edward 
Bressler, Peter O. 
P)echtel, Isaae P. 
Biew^, Charles 
Boyd, Geoyge L. 
Bancroft, Joseph M, 
Cole, George W. 
Dimmerling, George 
Beisinger, Jacob 
Dock, Gillard 
Enterline, Edward 
Ellis, James 
Evans, Abraham B. 
Faber, Philip, 
Foster. Frederick Tj. 
Fetherolfy Benneville L, 
Feger, Joseph M. 
Fehr, Morgan W. 
Faust, Jncob 
Gorrell, Robert 
Goyne, John 
Hoiick, Joseph 
Hammer, Charles 
Holberstadt, A. H. 
Hoover, Herman J. 



Hesser, John A. 
Hilderbrandt, Frank 
Huntzinger, Henry 
Johns, Jr., William 11. 
Jones, John 
Jones, Henry C. 
Jones, Cleaver R. 
Johns, George W\ 
Jennings, Adam 
Kestenbach, Sebastian 
Keller, Nathan 
Kramer, Benjamin 
Lennig. Frederick 
Lev}', William 
Lindermutli, Jacob 
Mock, Mahlon M. 
Moodie, Henry A. 
Moodie, William J. 
Moyer, Solomon 
Matt son, Levi 
]Mark, llenry F. 
jNIichael, Christian 
Mellon, James 
Nichols, Henry K. 
Osman, Edward 
Owen, George P. 
Patterson, Frederick 
Ryan, James 



Ryan, John W. 
Reber, Rufus 11. 
Rollston,' John 
Schwartz,, Michael 
Sterner, John 
Seidle, Daniel &. 
Schloss, Abraham 
Say lor, Henry 
Sn^'der, George H. 
Shippen, Edwin J. 
Snyder, Benjamin 
Sylvester, E. 
Scott, Harvey 
StoHVegan, Lewis 
Strause, Felix 
Strause, Joseph 
Shuler, Charles 
Thompson, T. S. 
Thompson, L, M. 
Wiggan, George F. 
Witzman, John 
Woodward, Baker L 
Walter, Abner K. 
Walker, Thomas H, 
Walborn, Daniel 
W'etzel, Nathan 
Wren, Thomas 
Ziebach. John B, 



il 



The Campaiqn of 1864. 395 

THE TOTAL NUMBER OF MEN 

Furnished by ScJuii/lhill Comity Uuring the War, 

Hardly had wg finished copying the last list of volunteers, in 
April, 1805, when- an order from the War Department, consequent 
upon the fall of Richmond and surrender of General Lee's army, 
to the Provost Marshal of the Tenth District, Capt. Bowen, stopped 
recruiting. No more men were loanted — the war vxis over. 

From April 17, 1861 to April 13, 1865, the number of men 
furnished by Schuylkill County, in response to the calls of the 
National and State Governments, was as follows : 

Three months' service, - . _ _ . 1,795 

Three years' troops, recruited in 1861, - - - - 4,007 
Nine months' troops, 18G2, _ - . _ . 735 

Militia for State defence, 18C2, 047 

One Hundred and Seventy-Third Regiment (drafted men,) 
nine months' service, - - - - - -.310 

Emergency militia, 18G3, ----- 1,576 

Drafted men Avho entered the service under draft of 1803, 72 
Ee-enlisted Veterans and Volunteers recruited in Winter 

and Spring of 1804, 1,804 

Volunteers under call, July, 1804, - - - - 351 

One Hundred Days' Men, 1804, - - - - 175 

One Hundred and Sixteenth Regiment, - . - - 71 

Volunteers under deficiency call, December, 19, 1864 081 



Total, ■ - 12,335 

If we add to this the number of citizens who furnished substi- 
tutes, we find that Schuylkill County sent during the war into the 
field between thirteen and fourteen thousand men, a record of 
which a County of but ninety thousand inhabitants, need not feel 
ashamed. 



THE CLOSING CAMPAIGN. 

The last and brilliantly successful movements of General Grant's 
plan to crush the Kebellion, commenced on the 6th of February, 
1865, by an advance of the Fifth Corps^to Hatcher's Run, on the 
Weldon Railroad. In this movement the Two Hundred and Tenth 
Regiment, in which there was a Company from this County, par- 
ticipated. After heavy fighting our men^secured important ad- 
vantages. The ground gained was never relinquished. In this 
fight, Louis Stolte, from Ashland, captured a rebel in a hand-to- 
hand encounter. One Schuylkill County soldier was killed and 
lix wounded. 

After a siege of over two years, Charleston w^as occupied by 
the National forces on the 18th of February, 1865. This was 
the fruit of Gen. Sherman's brilliant march from Atlanta to Sa- 
vannah, and from Savannah Northward throuG;h South Carolina, 
flanking Charleston and causing its evacuation on the night of the 
17th of February. Major J. A. Hennessy of Schuylkill County, 
first unfurled the American flag on the ruined ramparts of Fort 
Sumter, and his Regiment, the Fifty second Pennsylvania, was 
the first to enter Charleston. The following; facts are from the 
Charleston Courier of March 13, 1865 : 

"The United States flag was raised on Fort Sumter by Major J. A. 
Hennessy, "with a detachment of theo2d Pennsylvania Volunteers, fifteen 
men, at twenty minutes before eight o'clock on Saturday morning, 
February 18th, after which they proceeded to Fort Ripley, took down 
the rebel flag and hoisted the Stars and Stripe*; then proceeded to Castle 
Pinckney, and hoisted the same flag there. They immediately started 
for the Atlantic Docks, Charleston, (Colonel Bennet being in Major 
Ilennessy's boat, having boarded him in the harbor between Sumter 
and Fort Ripley.) Arriving at the dock, the 52d P. Y. flag was imme- 
diately hoisted and as the balance of the regiment jfi-rived, in connection 
with a detachment of the 2d Rhode Island Artillery, took possession of 
the Post Office, Citadel, Arsenal, and all public buildings. 

<•' The 52d Pennsylvania Volunteers was the first in the city of Charles- 
ton, and placed the first flag on its shores, as also on Sumter, h ort Ripley, 
jind Castle Pinckney. They formed the first guards in the city, over all 
public buildings and property, and with the exception of the detachment 
of the 3d Rhode Island Artillery, there were no other troops in the city 
for several hours afterv/ards. 

"Major Hennessy landed in the city of Charleston with fifteen men ^ 
of the 52d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, at fifteen minutes past 
10 o'clock, A. M., and before 12 had his regiment posted at all pl«ces of 



The Closing Campaign. 39T 

importance throughout the city, and there were no other regiments than 
the 52d P. V. in the city before three o'clock, P. M., the same day, 
•while at the same time the 52d had guards posted in Sumter, Ripley, 
Johnson and Castle Pinckney, between 8 and 9 o'clock, A. M., same 
morning, and all statements to the contrary are false, as will be shown 
by the official report of Brig. Gen. Schimraelpfennig, who brought the 
first troops into the city after the 52d P. V." 

Soon after, Fort Fisher, the principal defence of Wilmington, N. 
C, was captured, and the City fell. A Pottsville officer, Second 
Lieutenant Wra. W. Clemens, of the Signal Corps, rendered valua- 
ble service at the taking of Fort Fisher, by signalling so success- 
fully that the fire of the fleet was directed into the traverses occu- 
pied by the enemy, thereby materially aiding the land force to 
capture the place. His service was acknowledged in a letter from 
Admiral Porter to the Navy Department, which was communica- 
ted to the War Department by Secretary Welles. Secretary Stan- 
ton instructed General Townsend to thank Lieutenant Clemens for 
his service, which was done in handsome terms. The chief of 
the Signal Corps also expressed his satisfaction with the Lieuten- 
ant. Such acknowledgments from high officials are not bestowed 
unless there is special merit in the case. 



THE END OF THE WAR. 

On March 26, 1865, Gen. Grant commenced a serie'5 of brilliant 
movements, resulting on the 2d of April in the capture of Peters- 
burg and Richmond, and routing of Lee's army. On the 9th 
Gen. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to 
Gen. Grant. This was soon after followed by the surrender of 
the only rebel army of magnitude left. Gen. Johnston's, to Gen. 
Sherman. All of the others surrendered shortly after. This 
ended the Rebellion. Davis and other leading traitors fled, as 
rats desert a sinking ship. Grant was one of the most successful 
Generals on record. During the war which he brought so suc- 
cessfully to a close by his masterly plans, he captured four rebel 
armies. The first was an army of 15,000 men at Forts Douelson 
and Henry ; the second was an army of 20,000 at Vieksburg ; 
the third the army of Gen. Lee, SOjOOO ; and the fourth the army 
of Gen. Johnston, 30,000. These make an aggregate force of 
95,00(rmen. This includes only those who surrendered, and not 
Ibose taken prisoners in various indecisive battles. 



398 Thk Closing Campawn. 

CASUALTIES OF THE FORTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT 

In the Closing Campaign, 

On the 29th of December, 1864, Major J. F. Brannen, com- 
manding Regiment, wrote to us as follows : 

Head-Quarters, 48th Reg't, P. V. V. \ 
Fort Sedgwick, Va-, December 29, 1864. j 
Yesterday afternoon" our llegiment received a very severe shelling 
from the rebel mortar batteries in our front. The following is a list of 
our casualties : 

COMPANY I). 
Wounded. — Corporal Joseph llarig, John Yonker. 

COMPANY C. 

WoTTNDED. — Kobert Rogers. 

COMPANY G. 

Wounded. — John Kauter, Charles H. May. 

C M P A N Y K . 

KiLLKD. — Corporal John F. Dentzer. 

Very llespectfuUy, Your Obedient Servant, 

J. F. Brannen, 
^ Major Corad'g Reg't, 

January 2, 1805. — Corporal William Levison, Co. C, was instantly 
killed by a sixty-four pound mortar shell coming through his quarters 
in Fort Sedgwick. Fragments of the same shell Avounded Lieut. James 
Clark of the same Company. 



CHARGE UPON THE REBEL FORTIFICATIONS 

at I*etersbnrg, 

On Sunday, April 2, 1865, the Forty-eighth led the charge 
made by the Ninth Corps upon the earthworks defending the City 
of Petersburg The Regiment was led by its brave Colonel, Geo. 
W. Gowen. As he reached the parapet of Fort Virginia, waving 
his sword, he was instantly killed by a piece of shell. 

The grief of the officers ar»d men of the Forty-eighth, at the 
death of their Colonel, found expression in the following preamble 
and resolutions adopted at a meeting held at Farmville, Va., April 
15th, 1865 : 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to remove from our midst, our 
late Colonel, George W, Gowen, who was killed while gallantly leading 
his command in the assault upon the Rebel works before Petersburg, 
Va., April 2d, 18 Jo, therefore be it 

Resolved, That although we bow with submission to the Divine will, 
which has taken him from amongst us, yet we cannot restrain^an ex- 
pression of the feeling of deep regret entertained by this Regiment at 
hifi death. 



The CLosma Campaign. 39ii 

Resolved, Th<at in the death of Colonel Gowen, this Regiment has sus- 
tained a loss which can never be repaired, inasmuch, that he possessed 
the rare qualities of the perfect gentleman united with those of the 
brave and efficient officer. Ever attentive to the innumerable wants of 
his command, courteous to those with whom he had intercourse, and 
displaying to all a kindness of heart seldom to be met with in the army. 
Resolved, That the sincere sympathies of this command are hereby 
tendered to the family of the deceased. 

Capt, R. M. Jones, Co. G, 
" F. D. Koch, Co. I, 
" F. P. Williams, Co. B, 

Committee. 
The casualties sustained in the charge by the Regiment, were as 
follows : 

Killed — Col. George W. Gowen, struck with piece of shell. 

COMPANY A. 
Wounded — John Adams. 

COMPANY 13. 

Killed — Sergeant John Homer. 

Wounded— 1st Sergt. John Watkins, Sergt. Robert Campbell, Sergt. 
William H. Ward, Robert Jones. 

Missing— Sergt. Isaac L. Fritz, William Reppert, Michael Kingsley, 
Nicholas Stephens, Lewis Kleckner, Henry Rinker, Daniel Hurley? 

COMPANY C. 
Wounded — George C. Seibert, Corp. James Nicholson, Jasper Gooda- 
vaunt, Albert Kurtz, James T. Martin, Paul Dehne. 
Missing — Corp. James Hanan. 

COMPANY D. 

/Wounded— Sergt. Henry Rothenberger, Corp. Levi Derr, Aaron Wag- 
ner, Jacob Schmidt, E. McGuire, Joseph Buddfbger, Chester Phillips 
Thos. Whische. 

Missing — Samuel Kessler. 

COMPANY E. 

Killed — Daniel D. Barnet. 

Wounded— Corp. Wm. D. Morgan, Wm. C. James, Robert Meredith, 
Frederick 0. Goodwin, Thomas Hays. 

Missing— 1st Sergt. John C. McElrath, Corp. Geo. W. James, David 
McGeary, John O'Neil. 

COMPANY F. 

Killed — David McCloir. 

Wounded— 2d Lieut. Henry Reese, Sergt, William J. Wells, Corporal 
John Devlin, James Densey, John Crawford. 
Missing — Albert Fisher. 

COMPANY G. 

Wounded— Peter Bailey, John Droble, Patrick Daley, Nicholas Feers, 
Thomas Howell, Thomas Smith, John Wright, George Kane, 1st Ljcut! 
William Auman. 

Missing — Patiisk Galligan. 

COMPANY H. 

Killed— .Lames King, William Donnelly, George Uhl. 
Wounded— Sergt. P. Radelberger, Willoughby Lentz, Geo. E. Leiria, 
Benjamin KoUer, Henry C. Matthews, 2nd Lieut. Thos. H. Silliman. 



400 The Closing Campaign. 

COMPANYI. 

Killed— Albert. Mack, Albert Zimmerman, Wesley Boyer. 

Wounded— Jonathan Mowery, Charles C. Wagner, Joseph Shoener, 
John Road, Henry Goodman. 

Missing — Sergt. James McReynolds, James Mullen, Theodore Rett, 
John Oats, Thomas J. Reed, Jacob Reichmine. 

COIMPANY K. 

Wounded— S. Hoffman, Benjamin Kline, Paul Snyder, Jacob Erbert, 
David Philips, Jno. Williams, John Windermuth. 

Missing — William Pelton, John Marshall, George Shaners. 

The first Regiment to enter Petersburg was the Fiftieth Penn- 
sylvania, in which there were quite a number of men from Schuyl- 
kill County. 

Oapt. Edward H. Leib, Fifth United States Cavalry, was severely 
wounded during these operations. 



And thus closed the Slaveholders' Pi,ebcllion within four 

years of its inception. The first act of war was the firing upon 
Fort Sumter by General Beauregard, This act cemented the 
North into one band of patriots ; annulled all political distinctions, 
and united the loyal people everywhere in an earnest endeavor to 
avenge the insult given to our time-honored flag. In the South 
it had the effect to precipitate headlong into the vortex of seces- 
sion, States and people ; and preparations for continued hostilities 
became as active on both sides as it was possible to make them. 
The North was but illy prepared for the contest, while the South, 
owing to the treason of Floyd and the supineness of Toucey, were 
provided with material^ with which to carry on the war. The 
North put forth all her energies, however, and the Administration, 
applying it^self to the task of defending the National Capital simp- 
ly, gathered an army about Washington, to protect it from the 
rebel army under Beauregard, menacing it at Manassas. Almost 
•ountless hosts obeyed the appeal of the President, and in July, 
1861, the advance was made against the rebel army, and resulted 
in defeat to our forces, but, providentially, not in disaster to our 
cause. The people responded to further calls, and prepared to make 
new sacrifices for the salvation of the country's life. All that Sum- 
mer and Fall and Winter the Army of the Potqmac lay an inactive 
mass of men preparing for the struggle which, it was hoped, would 
end the war. Meanwhile, military operations elsewhere were eon- 



The Closing Campaign. 401 

ducted with vigor, and during the year 1861, with varying success. 
In West Virginia the rebels sustained a series of defeats ; the 
Potomac was blockaded by the enemy's batteries ; Admiral Du 
Pont effected the capture of Port Koyal, S. C. ', Commodore 
• Strinsjham wrested Forts Hatteras and Clark, on the North Caro- 
lina coast, from the rebels ; Missouri was the scene of bloody 
strife ; and the year closed with but a sorry record for the past 
and little hope for the future. The Trent affair had involved us 
in a diflSciilty with England, which happily, however, was peacea- 
bly adjusted, and the fear of foreign intervention was removed. 
The piratical cruisers, which had obtained their armament by the 
connivance of England, had swept our commerce from the sea, 
and our cruisers were powerless to prevent the depredations. At 
the close of the year, however, we were in a better condition to 
prosecute the war than when it commenced. 

The year 1862 was marked by greater and more hopeful suc- 
cesses. Gen. Grant had captured Fort Donelson and Nashville, 
and fought and won the battle of Corinth ; the enemy had been 
driven out of Missouri and defeated in Arkansas and New Mexi- 
co; Kentucky was free, and a greater part of ■ West Tennessee 
was under Federal control ; the coast of North Carolina was oc- 
cupied by a Union force ; the Mississippi was opened as far as 
Vicksburg ; New Orleans had been captured, and the lower por- 
tion of Louisiana was in our possession ; almost everywhere, save 
in Virginia, success had crowned our arms. The campaign in 
this State resulted in the evacuation of Manassas by Lee; the 
operations against Richmond by McClellan on the Chickahominy ; 
the capture of Norfolk by Wool ; the operations of Pope ; the 
defeat of the Union army and the subsequent invasion of Mary- 
land by Lee ; the battle and defeat at Antietam ; and the naval 
engagement in Hampton Roads, which demonstrated for the first 
time the practicability of iron-clad vessels of the monitor class. 
At the close of this year there was hope for the future, but none 
dared to predict the speedy downfall of the rebellion. 

Still greater success marked the year 1863. The President 
commemorated the advent of the year by issuing his Procla- 
mation of Freedom to slaves ; General Bragg was driven out 
of Southern Tennessee, and t^'iQ Eastern part of the State was 
34 



402 The Closing Campaign. 

redeemed; the success of General Grant at Vicksburg had opened 
the Mississippi, and the capture of Chattanooga had opened up 
the campaign in Georgia ; an attempt against Charleston had fail- 
ed, but Sumter was a mass of ruins ; General Grant had been in- 
vested with tlie command of the Military Department of Missis-* 
sippi; and all appeared favorable. In Virginia the Army of the 
Potomac had been marched up and down the sacred soil ; had 
pursued Lee into Maryland, and defeated him on the soil of 
Pennsylvania, at Gettysburg; after which it had out-manoeuvered 
him in the Virginia Valley, and at the close of the year rested 
from its labors. 

In the early part of 18G4 General Grant was invested with the 
rank of Lieutenant-General and the command of the army, and 
forthwith proceeded to plan his combinations. General Sherman 
captured Atlanta, and swept like an avalanche through Georgia, 
presenting Savannah to the President as a Christmas gift; General 
Banks had conquered Louisiana, but, in seeking to extend his 
territory, suliered a defeat in the Red River expedition ; General 
Meade's army had been planted in front of Petersburg and Rich- 
mond with a firm hold, and the anaconda had commenced to en- 
velope within its coils the Southern Confederacy. The rebels had 
made a third invasion of Maryland, and nearly succeeded in cap- 
turing Washington, but fortunately failed. As the year closed, 
the people felt that peace was not far distant, and that they would 
be called upon for but few more sacrifices. We had passed through 
the convulsions and excitement incident to a Presidential election, 
and all seemed satisfied that the result would prove a benefit to the 
country. During the year nearly every rebel pirate had met its 
fate, and the disposition of foreign powers was manifestly more 
friendly. The port of Mobile had been closed, and but three 
ports, Charleston^ Galveston and Wilmington, were at the disposal 
of the rebels. 

With the opening of 1865 — the year of jubilee — came still 
greater successes. General Sherman swept through South and 
North Carolina to find a safe water base at Goldsboro ; Charleston 
was evacuated and Sumter was ours ; General Terry and Admiral 
Porter captured Fort Fisher, and then in quick succession fell 
Wilmington and all the defences of the Cape Fear River ; Gen- 



The Closing Campaign. 408 

erai Sheridan fought the battle of Five Forks, and then Peters- 
burg and Richmond fell, and Lee's army, after retreating till furth- 
er retreat was hopeless, surrendered to General Grant, through 
whose magnificent combinations all these great and glorious suc- 
cesses were obtained. 

And thus passed into history the Southern Confederacy. The 
people of the South tasted the bitter fruits of rebellion, and met 
with terrible but just punishment. As we prepare these closing 
pages for the press, those people look upon ruined homes, the graves 
of fathers, husbands, brothers and sons, and devastated plantations 
as the price they paid for rebellion. Impoverished beyond re- 
demption, they are begging of the hand they have striven to smite, 
the food their women and ciiildren require. 

This nation rises from the fiery ordeal through which it has 
passed, regenerated and in the full vigor of life. We have shaken 
off the accursed chains of slavery, and henceforth and forever 
"all men are free and equal/' We have demonstrated to the 
world that Republics can live and that we are yet strong and vigor- 
ous, although we have passed through four years of such war as 
the world never before witnessed. We now demand the respect 
of the civilized world, and teach a lesson to all nations and king- 
doms and people that the United States is a power on earth whose 
behests must be obeyed. 



OUR DEAD. 

Upon tlie saddest chapter of this work we now enter. It is to 
give a record of the names of the sons of Schuylkill who died 
that their country mignr live. They yielded up their spirits in 
the noblest cause, and while we mourn, we are consoled by the re- 
flection that their memories will be embalmed in the national 
heart while Freedom claims a votary on our continent. 

FORTY-EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

Colonel George W. Gowen killed April 2, 1865, before Petersburg.^ 
Major Jos. A. Gilmour died June 9, 1864, in Seminary Hospital, George- 
town, D. C, of wounds received in battle, May 31. 

COMPANY A. 

William Miller died November 26, 1861, on Hatteras Island, N. C. 

John N. Spreese died January 21, 1862, on " " " 

Bernard West died May 1, 1862, at Newbern, N. C. 

Frank Wentzel drowned in the Potomac River, xVugust 12, 1862. 

John Springer died in hospital from wounds, October 3, 1862. 

B. G. Otto, " " " " " " 15, " 

JohnBrobst " " " " " Septemberl2, " 

John H. Leiser killed at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. 

James Williams. killed at Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862. 

Lewis M. Robinhold killed in battle, May, 1864. 

Isaac Otto " " " 

John J. Huntzinger " " " 

Abel C. 1\ St. Clair " " " 

Lewis Hessinger killed in battle at Petersburg, June 22, 1864. 

Heni-y Simpson killed in battle. 

David Krieger'died in Washington, September, 1862. 

John Ruff " " " December, 

George Bright died in Philadelphia, January, 1863. 
John Springer died in Washington, October, 1862. 

Richard Lee died near Pottsville, March, 1864. 

George Betz died in Washington, June 17, 1864, of wounds received 
at Shady Grove Va. 

Peter Zimmerman died in Annapolis, Md., March, 1864. 

Simon Snyder died June 16, 1864, ofwounds received at Shady Grove, Va. 

George Airgood died August 15, 1864, of wounds received in front of 
Petersburg. 

Nelson Simons died in Minei'svillc, July 5, 1864, 

David Houser died in City Point Hospital, July, 1864, 

Samuel Schollenberger, died in Salisbury, (N. C.) rebel prison, January 
15, 1865. 

Total, , , 27 



Our Dead. 401 



COMPANY B 

Thomas Davidson die.l at Fort Clarke, Hatteras, N. C, Nov. 28, 186L 

Thomas G. Williams drowned by sinking of a steamer, August, 1862. 

Isaac Eiler died in New York, August 7, 1862. 

Abe Forrer (wagoner) died in Newbern, N. C August 7, 1862. 

L. M. Reese killed at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. . 

Alexander Prince killed at Antietam, Md., September 18, 1862. 

Corp. Reuben Robinson killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. 

Michael Divine " " " '* " '* '* 

John Williams '' " " *' '' '' "■ 

Wm. Hill killed Dec. 13, 18G2, by fall of chimney in Fredericksburg. 

Thomas Connell died December 18, 1862. 

John Robson died in Sharpsburg, Md , December 20, 1862. 

Corp. David J, Davis killed in battle. May, 1864. 

Matthew Hume " <' *' " '* 

Frederick Knittle '* " " '* '« 

Laurentus C. Moyer " '' " '' " 

Daniel Wary "■ " •* " " 

John Deitz <* " " " 

Sergt. John Homer killed in battle, Petersburg, April 2, 1865. 

John Coalts '' " '' " * " '' 

Abraham Wadsworth died in Port Carbon, December 18, 1862. 

Nicholas Shitehour, died in Washington, January, 1863, of wounds re- 
ceived in battle. 

Lieut. Wm. II. Hume died in Washington, June 30, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived rn battle. 

Samuel Heckman died June 12, 1864, of wounds received in battle, 
May 31. 

Christian L. Lauer died June 10, 1864, of wounds received at battle of 
Cokl Harbor, Va. 

William Schwartz died June 26, 1864. 

William Kissinger died May 24, 1864, of wounds received in the battl<^ 
of Spottsylvania. 

Total, - ■ 27 _ 



COMPANY C.- 
Daniel Reighard died at Camp Hamilton, Va., November 11, 1861. 
Thomas McEvoy died at Camp Wintield, N. C, January 14, 1862, 
John Weiser killed at Bull Run. Va., August 20, 1862. 
P>arney Getler " " " " " 

Corp. A. T. Frazier died in Alexandria, Va , October 14, 1862. 
Joseph Lorr " " " " " 20, " 

Edwards Daniels " " " " November 1, " 

Daniel Brown killed in battle. May, 1864, 
Abraham A. Acker killed before Petersburg, June 28, 1864. 
John Whitaker " " " '^ " 

Patrick Farrell died in Washington, September 21, 1864. 
Michael Crintin died in Salisbury Prison, November 20, 1864. 
Michael Mohan died in Washington, May 20, 1864, of wounds received 

in battle of Spottsylvania. May 12, 
Charles Dintinger died in Salisbury Prison, February 11, 1865. 
Corp. William Levison killed in Fort Sedgwick, January 2, 1865. 

Total, 15 

33* 



406 Our Dead. 



C COMPANY B. 

Lieut. Alexander Fox died December 1, 1861, on steamer Spanlding 

near Fortress Monroe. 
Andrew Spear died April 15, 1862, at Newbern, N, C. 
Andrew Klock died June 30, 1862. 
Addison Seaman died July 16, 1862. 

flattie Sheafer died August 4, 1862, on board steamer Cossack. 
Charles Miller killed at liull Kun, Va., August 29, 1862. 
George Earner died September 6, 1862, of wounds. 
William Barabrick died September 12, 1862, of wounds. 
Alva F. Jeffries killed September 17, 1862, at Antietam, 
John Sullivan died October 8, 1862, of wounds received at Bull Run. 
Henry Williamson killed at Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862. 
Thomas Kinney " " " " « " 

Jonathan Kaufman killed in battle. May, 1864. 
Henry Dorward killed in battle, September, 1864. 
Daniel Okon " " " " " 

Corp. J. H. Dorr died in Washington, January, 1863. 
William H. Smith died in Annapolis, April 7, 1864. 
John Deitrich died March 22, 1864. 
Solomon Eyster died in1*hiladelphia, August 22, 1864, 
David Miller died in Annapolis, November 6, 1864. 
C. Philip Beckman died in Baltimore, February 9, 1865. 
Charles F. Hesser. 
Jonas Z. Baber. 
1st Lieut. Henry Graeff died in Pottsville, March 26, 1865, of disease 

contracted in rebel prisons. 

Total, 23 



COMPANY E. 

John Morton died in Alexandria, Va., September 5, 1862. 

John Broadbent killed at Antietam, September 17, 1862. • 

James P. Farrall died in Washington, September, 25, 1862. 

Thomas Major " '♦ " October 31, 1862. 

Lieut. William Cullen killed in battle of Antietam. 

Lawrence Farrel killed in. battle. May, 1864. 

David Williams killed in battle of Grove Church, Va., June 1, 1864. 

John Major killed before Petersburg, June 17, 1864. 

Daniel Boyer killed at Pegram's Farm, Va., October 5, 1864. 

John Danagh " " " " " September 30, 1864. 

Daniel D. Barnett killed before Petersburg, April 2, 1865. 

James Shields murdered in Silver Creek, Schuylkill County, February 
26, 1864. 

Anthony Wade accidentally shot and killed near Cold Harbor, Va., 
June 8, 1864. 

Sergt. Thomas Tosh died in Washington, July 7, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived at Shady Grove, Va., 

William Evans died in Philadelphia, June 22, 1864. 

Valentine Frantz committed suicide at Fort Albany, Alexandria, April 
28, 1864. 

Williana Reasons died in Annapolis, June 23, 1864, of wounds received 
before Petersburg, June 17. 

James Regan died in Annapolis, June 23, 1864, of wounds received be- 
fore Petersburg, June 17. 



Our Dead. * 407 

George Welsh died in Salisbury prison, February G, 1865, 
Patrick Rogers died in Washington, March 25, 1865. 
Daniel E. Reedy died en route to Washington, of wounds received June 
3, 1864, at Shady Grove Church, Va. 

Total, 21 



COMPANY F. 

William Brereton died at Fort Clarke, N. C, December 12, 1861. 

Charles Treisbach died in Newbern, N, C, July 1, 1862. 

Corp. Henry Jenkins died August 29, 1862, of wounds received at Bull 
Run, Va. 

Corp. Williams Hopkins killed at Bull Run, August 29, 1862. 

Daniel Fenstermacher died in Washington, February 11, 1863. 

J. Evans died in Washington, March 3, 1863. 

John J. Morrison died in Columbia College Hospital, Washington, Octo- 
ber 23, 1862, of wounds received at Bull Run. 

David F. Thiel killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May, 1864. 

John Morrissy " " *' " ♦• " 

Lewis Woods " " " " *' «< 

Richard Williams " •' '< " '< <■<■ 

Patrick Doolin killed near Pamunky River, Va., May, 1864. 

Henry McCann " " «< '< " " " 

Edward G. Pugh killed at Shady Grove Church, Va., June 23, 1864. 

William Smith " " *' " '' " " <"- «* 

Horace F. Straub killed before Petersburg, June 17, 1864. 

Isaac Lewis •' " " " " «< 

Corp. John Powell died May 12, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsyl- 
vania. 

John Bradley, (2d) died June, 1864, of wounds received at Shady Grove 
Church. 

David McCloir killed before Petersburg, April 2, 1865. 

Peter Litchfield died June, 1864. 

Israel Manning died May, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania. 

Frank Queeney died August 30, 1864. 

Andrew Werner died June, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania, 
May 12. 

Jacob Wagner died in Pottsville, January 3, 1865. 

Elijah DeFrehn died in Salisbury prison, December 30, 1864. 

William Fulton '' " " " February 11, 1865. 

Simon Devlin killed before Petersburg, June 18, 1864. 

Total, - - - ' - - - - 28 



COMPANY G. 

Philip L. Diehl died December 13, 1861, at Hatteras, N. C. 

William Smith died September 14, 1862, of wounds received at Bull Run. 

Charles Timmons killed at Antietam, September 17, 1862. 

Henry Burnish died in Pottsville, December 20, 1862. ^ 

John Fame died November 8, 1862, of wounds received in battle. 

Second Lieut. H. C. Jackson killed near Spottsylvania, May, 1864. 

William Williams killed near Spottsylvania, May 1864. 

Corp. Alex Govan killed near Grrove Church June 23, 1864. 

James Allison " " " <* " " «' 

Wm. Simpson " '< " " " ** *' 



408 Our Dead. 



Edward McCabe died In Washington, November 12, 1862. 

John Armstrong died July 1, 18G1, of wounds received at Spottsylvanift, 

May 12, 1864. 
^Charles Clark died in Annapolis, Md. 
J. Howard Jones died July 13, 18G4, of wounds received June 17, before 

Petersburg. 
Jas. R. Spencer died May 31, 18G4, of wounds received at Spottsylvania. 
Charles Hesser died in Washington July 8, 1864. 
First Lieutenant Curtis C. Polloclt died in Washington, June 23, 1864,- 

of wounds received before Petersburg, June 17. 

Total, - ... - - - •- 17 



COMPANY il. 

William Nagle killed at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. 

Thomas Kelly " " " " " " "^^ " 

Samuel Pettit " " " " " " " *' 

Sergt. Wm. T. Garrett died at Fortress Monroe, Va., Nov. 23, 1861. 

" Charles C. Hinkle died at Ilatteras Inlet, N. C. " 
R. A. Jenkins died at Ascension Hospital, D. C, Dec. 24, 1862. 
Charles Knerr died in hospital, December 7, 1862. 
Sergt. Joseph Reed died November 16, 1863, of wounds received at 

Campbell Station, Tenn , November 16. 
Corp. John Sponsler died November 29, 1863, of -wounds received at 

Knoxville, Tenn., November 29. 
Joseph Weise died November 27, 1863, of wounds received at Knoxville, 

Tenn., November 24. 
Abraham Benscoter killed near Spottsylvania, Va., May, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Samuel B. Laubenstine killed near Pamunky River, Va., 

May, 1864. 
Corp. Charles Norrigan killed near Pamunky River, Va., May, 1864. 
Joseph Alexander killed near Grove Church, Va., June, 1864. 
George W. Morey killed before Petersburg, Va., June 17, 1864. 
Jefferson W. Byerle " " " " " " " 

James Mulholland '* " " " '' " " 

Anthony Gallagher " " " " " " 

Thomas Davis " " *' " " 18, " 

Second Lieut. David B. Brown killed before Petersburg, Aug. 5, 1864. 
Charles Driesbach. 
William A. Millet accidentally killed on railroad at Harrisburg, Pa., 

September 7, 1861. 
Thos. Lewis died at Islington Lane Hospital, Philadelphia, April 2, 1864. 
Charles 0. De Long died May 8, 1864, near Bristow Station, Va., m 

route from the Army of the Potomac to Alexandria, Va. 
Isaac Bannon died July 26, 1864, in Alexandria. 
Joseph Chester died in Fredericksburg, Va., May 24, 1864, of wound* 

received May 15. 
John Donnelly died in Annapolis, Md., April 21, 1864. 
Edward Edwards died April 23, 1864, near Annapolis. 
Job Hirst died in Washington, July 3, 1864, of wounds received June 

26, 1864, before Petersburg. 
Lewis W. Kopp died in Washington, October 1, 1864. 
Wm. D. Lloyd died in Lincoln Hospital, Washington, January, 19, 1866. 
P. Heneran died November 25, 1864.' 
Charles Aurand died in Pottsville, February 9, 1865. 



Our Dead. 409 



James King killed before Petersburg, April 2, 18G5, 
Wm. Donnelly " " " " " " 

George Uhl " " " " " " 

^olal, 36 



COMPANY I. 

Alexander Boone died in Fredericksburg, Va., August 11, 18G2. 

Charles F. Leizer killed in action at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. 

Corp. Lewis V. Focht killed at Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862. 

Lieut, George H. Gressang drowned in Potomac River by sinking of 
steamer West Point, August 12, 1862. 

Jonas Haldeman killed at Knoxville, Tenn., November 29, 1863. 

Charles Weaver died December 5, 1863, of wounds received at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., December 3. 

Henry J. Ege killed near Spottsylvania, Va., May, 1864. 

William J. Price killed near Grove Church, Va., June, 1864. 

Benj. B. Kershner " " " " " " " 

George Dresh " " " " " " 

James Heiser killed before Petersburg, September 30. " 

Charles E. Weber died in Knoxville, Tenu., December 5, 1863. 

First Lt. Joseph Edwards died in Washington, July 2, 1864, of wounds 
received before Petersburg, June 17. 

Capt. B. B. Shuck died in Washington, July 27, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived before Petersburg, June 25. 

Reuben Watt died in Annapolis, March 31, 1864. 

Lewis J. Garber died in Annapolis April 23, 1864. 

John Clark died June 8, 1864, of wounds received June 3. 

Jerry Willouer " " 22, " " " " " " 

James Boner " " " " 't " " May 30. 

Daniel J. Kehl died June 26, 1864, at City Point, Va. 

Lewis Beablehamer died July 26, 1864, of wounds received July 24. 

Isaac K. Beltz died August 10, 1864, of wounds received August 10. 

Daniel Nayer died August 22, 1864, at City Point. 

Albert Zimmerman killed before Petersburg, April 2, 1864. 

Albert Mack '^ " " " " " 

Wesley Boyer " '* " " " " 

Total, - - 26 



COMPANY K. 

Sergt. R. D. Filbert killed at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. 
Corp. Patrick Handley died in Washington, October 25, 1862. 

" Daniel Moser killed at Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862. 
Peter Boyer died in Cressona, Schuylkill Co., Pa., October 22, 1862. 
Peter Burke " " Frederick, Md., November 14, 1862. 
Georg'-i F. Maines died on Hatteras Island, November 30, 1862. 
George Dentzer killed at Antietam, September 17, 1862. 
John W. Henn killed near Spottsylvania, Va., May, 1864. 
Jacob Lauby " " Grove Church, Va.,^June, 1864. 

Nathan Rich killed before Petersburg, June 17, 1864. 
Arthur L. Gray " " " " 18, 

'John L. Dentzer killed at Fort Sedgwick, Va., Dec. 28, 1864. 

Total, 12 



410 Our Dead. 

recapitulation. 



Field Offi 


cers, 


Compauy 

14 


A, 


(( 


c, 


<( 


D, 


(( 


E, 


1. 

• 




i( 


H, 


(( 


I, 


i( 


K, 



27 
27 
15 
23 
21 
28 
17 
36 
26 
12 



Total, 234 



NINETY-SIXTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

Major Lewis J, Martin killed at Crampton's Pass, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 
Adjut;'.nt John T. llunuuni died June, 1864, of wounds I'eceived in battle. 
Augustus Pfaltzgraf (band) died of small-pox. 

COMPANY A. 

1st Sergt. Jonas M. Rich killed at Gaines' Hill, Ya., June 27, 1862. 
Levi Gloss " " " " " " " " 

Hugh B. Nugent wounded at Gaines' Hill. Died in hands of enemy. 
Alexander Rogers killed " " " Va., June 27, 1862. 
Henry Stonetield " '« " " " " " " 

Henry C. Simpson " " " <' -"" « " " 

Corp. Gomer Jones killed at Crainpton's Gap, September 14, 1862. 
Sergt. Thomas G. Ilouck died in Pottsville, June 8, 1863, of wounds 

received Maj^ 3. 
Nicholas Yost died in Chestnut Hill hospital, Philadelphia, June 7, 1864, 

of wounds received May 5, 1864. 
James Sexton killed near Spottsylvauia Court House, Ya., May 10, 1864. 
Alexander Smith " " '* " '' " " " " 

John T. Stodd 




1864, of wounds received May 10. 
Sergt. Charles F. Hotfman died in Pottsville, March 31, 1863. 
Corp. Frank Hanley died near Bakersville, Md., October 29, 1862. 
Michael Carroll died in Pottsville, January 6, 1863. 
John Madison died at Camp Nugent near Harrison's Landing, Ya., July 

23, 1862. 
>nchael Nash died at Seminary Hospital, Ya., March 19, 1862. 
Henry Pieiuhart died in camp, White Oak Church, Ya., March 23, 1863. 
John Reed died at Fort Wood, N. Y., October 3, 1862. 
Elijah Gloss died in Alexandria, Ya., March 25, 1862, 
Corp. John II. Higley died at Point Lookout, Md., August 21, 1863, of 

wounds received in battle. 

Total, 23 



Our Dead. 411 



COMPANY B. 

First Lieut. Ernst T. Ellrich killed at Gaines' Hill, June 27, 1862. 

Joseph Fessler killed at Fredericksburg. Va., May 3, 1803. 

Corp. William B. Ilineaehl killed near Spottsylvania Court House. Va , 
May 10, 18G4. 

Andrew Bucher killed near Spottsylvania C. II., Ya., May 10, 18G4. 

J. F. Keefer " " " " " '• " " 

William Mangold died in Philadelphia, May 25, 1804, of wounds re- 
ceived May 10. 

Michael Bleckle died at Camp Franklin near Alexandria, Va., December 
4, 1801, 

Charles Chaundy died at New Hampton, N. Y., June, 1802. 

Henry Eckler died in Pinegrove, June 21, 1862. 

George Nagle died in Washington, January 9, 1864. 

Henry Sterner died at Point Lookout, Md., August 12, 1862. 

William Kutz died near Alexandria, Feb. 4, 1862. 

A. Wilkes died June 30, 1864, in Savannah, Ga. 

Total, - - 13 



COMPANY C . 

2d Lieutenant Alexander Allison died May o, 1803, of wounds receiTed 

in action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3. 
James AVolfinger died .Tulj 7th, 1802, Hill Catcs Farm, Va. 
John \V. Hall died at Harrison's Landing, Va., August 1, 1862. 
Alexander Martin " " " " 6, " 

Alexander Yost died in Fort Wood IIospitaL X. Y., Sept. 12. 18G2. 
August Kichter " " " " " " 1, " 

Martin Sipe killed at Crampton Pass, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 
Samuel McMinnzie " " " •' " " 

Corp. John Allison killed at Salem Heights, Ya.., May 3, 1863. 
William Madara " " " •' " " 

Sergt. V/m. Freast •' " " " " " 

Henry Stubbelbine died in Washington, .Tune 2, 1863, of wounds received 

in action at Salem Heights, Va., May 3. 
Louis A. Bruns killed in Bartle of Wilderness, May 5, 1863. 
Corp. George Delker killed at Spottsylvania, Va., May 10, 1864. 
Samuel Fisher " " "•' " " 

John Davis " •* '• ''• •' 

Wm. Kind died August 2, 1862. * 

Henry Hanley died December, 1862. 
S. Bishop died October 27, 1864, in Andersonville prison. 

Total, 19 



C :M P A NY D . 

Corp. James Schoficld killed at Fredericksburg, Va., May 3, 18G3. 

Corp, James Gough killed near Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864. 

Corp. Charles Newton died in hands of enemy of wounds received in 

action at Salem Church, Va., May 3, 1863. 
William Becker died at Magerstown, Md., November 9, 1862. 
Charles Burton died at Harrison's Landing, August 8, 1862. 
John Black died at Potomac Creek Hospital, May 29, 1863, of "wotinds 

received in action at Salem Church, Va., May 3, 1863. 



412 Our Dj^d. 

Thomas Campbell died in Pottsville, October 23, 1862. 

John Carr died at Burkesville, Md., September 19, 1862, of wounds re- 
ceived at Crampton's Pass, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 

William Corby killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864. 

John Dougherty died at Hagerstown, Md., December 23, 18G2. 

James Hughes killed at Gaines' Hill, June 2Y, 1862. 

Luke Kelly died in Palo Alto, March 26, 1864. 

Thomas Rease kilkd at Crampton's Pass, September 14, 1862. 

Michael Sands died in Pottsville, March 20, 1863. 

Cornelius Shovelin died in hospital. White Oak Church, Dec. 17, 1862. 

Jonas Vanderslice died in Philadelphia, July 16, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived at Cold Harbor, June 3. 

Thomas D. Williams killed at Crampton's Pa^s, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 

S. Cover died December 1, 1862, in rebel hospital, Richmond, Va. 
Total, - - - - - .,, - - 18 



If' 



COMPANY E. 

Sergt. William Mayberry killed at Salem Church, Va., May 3, 1863. 

Evan Thomas, 

Sergt. William Zigler killed at Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864. 

Chris. Cammcrsel " 

Samuel Sager " " " " " " 

Jacob Wright " " " " " " 

Sergt. Francis Kemp " " " " 

Samuel McAtfee " " " " " " 

William Woodring 

Solomon Moyer " " " " " " 

Corp. Nathan Santee died at Chesapeake Gen'l Hosp., Octobers, 1862. 

*' Edward Monckler died in Baltimore, July 17, 1862. 
John A. Ailer died in Fredericksburg, May 22, 1864, of wounds received 

May 10. 
Stephen Gross died near Fortress Monroe, August 12, 1862. 
Charles Getighe died July 24, 1862. 
William H. Kuhns died at Hanover, Va., June 15, 1862. 
William C. Stookey died at Fairfax Seminary, October 5, 1862. 
Otto G. H. Vogel killed in action at Crampton's Pass, Sept 14, 1862. 
Joseph Yost died at Warrenton, October 29, 1863. 
John Merrill " " " " " " 

J. Bensinger died January 15, 1864, at Savannah, Ga. 

Total, 21 



COxMPANY F. 

Lieut. John Dougherty killed September 14, 1802, at Crampton's Pass. 

1st Sergt. Michael Boland killed June 27, 1862, at Gaines' Hill. 

Corp. R. Welsh " " " " " 

Patrick Ferns " '* " " " 

Michael Connery " " " " " 

John Haley, Jr., killed May 10, 1804, at Spottsylvania. 

Barth. Hoffy " " " " " 

Thos. Marshall died .June 25, 1864, of wounds received May 10, 

Patifick Kennedy died February 7, 1862, at Camp Northumberland. 

Joseph Whelaii 4ied March 25, 1862. 



Our Dead. 413 

Sergt. Dennis Carrol died in Washington, August 3, 1862, of wounds 

received June 27. 
Patrick Glennon died in Hagerstown, December 20, 18G2. 
John Haley, (3d) died in Philadelphia, December 26, 1862. 
Total, - - 13. 



COMPANY a. 

Sergt. Benjamin B. Wagner killed May 10, 1864, at Spottsylvania. 

Sergt, Jos. Ferree " *' '* 

Corp. Josh. Workman " " '' 

Frank Workman " <' " 

.James Betz " " '' 

Thomas Haines killed Sept. 14, 1862, at Crampton's Pass. 

Simon Brobst died August 24, " 

Philip Baddorff died June 8, 1864, in Douglas Hospital, Washington. 

Charles Henry Cook died January 17, 1864. 

Marks Drifoos died in Washington, December 23, 1861. 

James Hill died July 24, 1864. 

McCoy Sargeant died September 27, 1862, of wounds. 

Elias Strasser, died May 9, 1862. 

Frank Treon killed at Crampton's Paes, Sept. 14, 1862. 

William Thompson died December 18, 1862. 

Joseph Workman died June 9, 1864, a prisoner. 

Samuel Williams died December 17, 1862. 

Total, - - - - . - - - 17 



COMPANY H. 

Daniel Campbell killed near Spottsylvania, May 14, 1864. 

Peter Fries killed at Fredericksburg, May 3, 1863. 

Corp. Dan'l B. Hartline killed " " " 

Martin Kelly " " " <* 

Wm. Klass " " " " 

Henry P. Koons killed at Crampton's Pass, Sept. 14, 1862. 

John Sentman " " "* " " 

John H. Stedham killed near Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864. 

Oliver G. Treichler killed at Crampton's Pass, September 14, 1862. 

Chas. B. Zeigler " " " '• *' 

Christian Bidel died September 15, 1862, of wounds received at Cramp- 
ton's Pass. 

James Brassington died June 7, 1864, of wounds received May 14. 

John Clarey died October 12, 18(32, of wounds received at BurketSville, 
September 14. 

John Haley died September 15, 1862, of wounds received at Crampton's 
Pass. 

Jos. T. Holdeman died Aug. 24, 1864, in Washington, of bayonet wounds. 

Aaron Miller died September 20, 1862, at Burketsville, of wounds re- 
ceived at Crampton's Pass. 

Jere. Miller died January 2, 1863, at Fi'ederick City, Md., of wounds 
received at Crampton's Pass. 

Conrad Berdel died October 8, 1862. 

Jno. Cofi&eld died January 11, 1864, in Richmond, Va. 

Conrad Romanus died September 7, 1 862, in New York. 
35 



414 Our Dead, 



Jesse Dft Frehn died May 30, 1863, at Wfiite Oat Ghurcfe, 
Dan'l Karcher died November 28. 1861, in Georgetown. 
Levi D. Kistler died September 30, 1862, in Chester. 
Michael Naus died August 13, 1863, at New Baltimore, Va. 
Joseph Snyder died October 8, 1862, in Burketsville. 
Wm. Sponsaler died May 20, 1862, in Baltimore. 

TotaL - - ~ - - - . 2g 



COMPANY I. 

Sergr. Francis Canfield killed June 27, 18G2, at Gaines' HilL 

Martin Foyle "■ ^i .t i. *< 

George James killed September 14, 1862, at Orampton's Pass. 

Patrick Kelly killed near Spottsylvania, May 14, 1864. 

Tho3. Scanlan killed May 3, 1863, at Fredericksburg. 

Wm. Wicklam killed September 14, 1862, at Crampton's Pass. 

Tim O'Connor died June 14, 1864, of wounds received May 14. 

John Mor died July 26, 1862, of wounds received June 27. 

Patrick Owens died at Camp Schuylkill, Pottsville, October 21, 186L 

Wm. O'Brien died at Camp Northumberland, January 12, 1862. 

William Nixon. 

James H. lligley died in Pottsville. 

Patrick Ferns killed in battle before Richmond. 

Joseph Ilalderraan died in Washington, Angust, 1864. 

John Bowler died in Pottsville, March 7, 1865. 

Total, - - 15 



COMPANY K. 

Pat. McAllister killed September 14, 1862, at Crampton's Pass. 

Barney McMichael " " " '' 

John By an died September 22, 1862, at Annapolis, of wounds received 

June 27. 
Michael Ilollahan died September 26, 1862, at Burketsville, of wound* 

received September 14. 
Pat. Fay died October 22, 1862, of wounds received September 14. 
John Farrell killed May 3, 1863, at Fredericksburg. 
Wm. Brennan killed May 10, 1864, at Spottsylvania. 
Thos. Lawler " " " " 

Martin O'Brien killed May 12, 1864, near Spottsylvania. 
Lieut O'Neal Coyle died August 22, 1862, at Point Lookout. 
J as, E. Tobin died October 9, 1862. at Fairfax, Va, 
Thos. Bergen died Octol)er 26, 1862, in Washington. 
Jas. Canfield died December 14, 1862, at Point Lookout. 
Hugh Smith died January 8, 1863, in Washington. 
John Collins died January 13, 1863, " 

Jas. N. Tobin died January 17, 1862, at Glen Carbon. 
Pat. McGee died September 25, 1863, in Philadelphia. 
Dan'l Boran died February 5, 1863, in Washington. 
Chas. Wessner died March 5, 1863, at Antietam. 
Jno. Lawier died March 11, 1863, at White Oak Church. 
Phil. Delan«y died April 26, 1863, 
John Kelly died in New York, October 20, 1862. 
John Maley killed in battle before Richmond. 
Lieut. Thos. Burns killed near Winchester. 

Total, - - 24 



Our Dead. 415 



RECAPITULATION. 

Field Officers, 2 

Members of Baud, -----._i 
Oompany A, --------28 

" B, - - 13 

- C, --...--. 19 

^' D, . - 18 

** E, 21 

'' F, 13 

*' G, -.----.- 17 
II, - --.-._ 26 

I, - 15 

^' K, - - 24 

Total. - ' - - - .- - - - 192 



FIFTIETH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT, 

COMPANY A. 

Corporal John Heisler killed at Bull Run, Va., August 29, 1862. 

Peter S. Otto . "■ " '' " " 

Edward Harner " " *' " *' 

Emanuel Faust killed at Caraphell Station, Tenn., Nov. 16, 1863. 

Henry Faust killed near Spottsylvania, Va., Ma}', 1864. 

Simon Reigle " " " " 

Corp. Wm. H. Delcamp died May 7, 1864, of wounds, 

Jacob Ilcnrj *' " '" '■'■ 

Conrad Carl ^^ "■ 10, '•' ^' 

Nathaniel Stiitzmam died in Washington, May 22, 1864. 

Sergt. David G. Alspach died in Portsmouth, R. L, Aug. 14, 1864. 

John D. Manning murdered in Annapolis, Md., April 14, 1864. 

Robert McClelland, 

T>, Towney died in Washington, September, 1862. 

TotaL ---- = .- 14 



COMPANY C. 

Ord. Sergt. Wm. H. Hill killed ia battle, May, 1864/ 

Michael Riley " " " "■ " 

Levan J. Warner " " '■'' ^^ " 

Sam. Martz '■'■ " " •«' " 

Dan. Evert *'■ '* ^* ^' « 

Jacob Benedict ■" '' " " " 

Thomas Lloyd *' "■ '<■ ^' ^^ 

Franklin Sharer ^^ ^* '^ " ^^ 

John Reed ^' *' *^ ^* " 

Em-anuel Eckert " *^ << " " 

AlfoeK Bartolet '' <« " " << 

James Golles '* <' " June, " 
Lucian Schwartz (waggoner) died at Fortress Monroe. 
Jeremiah Helms died September 27, 1863, of wounds received in Battle 
of Anfietam. 

Total, . ^ r ^ . ^ ? » 14 



416 Our Dead. 



Corp. Henry Deets, Co. F, died in Washington, March 12, 18G3. 
John Mackey, Co. I, died in Washington, June 4, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived in the Battle of the Wilderness. 

Total, 2 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company A, --------14 

" C, 14 

Other Companies of Regiment, _ - - - 2 

Total, - * 30 



FIFTY-FIFTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY E. 

George Stone killed in battle, May, 1864. 

Peter Ritz " " " " " 

Mich, McNamarra " " " " 

Theodore Weiser " " " " 

John Welsh killed in battle, May 20, 1864. 

Edward Lewis " " " i<. n 

John Padden killed accidentally on railroad at Harrisburg, Oct. 17, 1861. 

Captain Horace C. Bennett killed at Pocataligo, S. C Oct, 22, 1862. 

Corp. Wm. Fowler died in Beaufort, S. C, April 2, 1864. 

Lewis Lewis died in Hampton Hospital, Va., " " " 

John S. Bannan died of starvation in the rebel prison, Andersonville, 

Ga., October 11, 3864. 
George Yinchell died in Salisbury, N. C, a victim of rebel brutality, 

Jan. 15, 1865. 

Total, 12 

John Jones, Co. B, died in White Hall Hospital, Bucks County, Pa.', 

August 26, 1864. 
Arter Rogers, Co. C, died in Beaufort, S. C, September, 1862. 
Total, - - - - - - » 2 



RECAPITULATION. 
Company E, ,__,,-- I2 

Other Companies of Regiment, - - - - - 2 



Total, 14 



SEVENTH PENNSYLVANIA CAVALRY. 

COMPANY F. 

Patrick McLaughlin killed near Marietta, Ga., May, 1864. 

Wm. A. Jones died December, 1862, of a wound received at Tullahoma. 

Samuel Dunlap died in Tennessee, 1862. 

Jeseph Jones die I in Bardstown, Ky., March, 1862. 

Amos Poff'. 

Joseph Zimmerman died in Nashville, Ten^., November 29, 1862, 



Our Dead. 417 



Thomas DoUn died in Tennessee, December, 1862, of wounds received 

at Sweden's Cove. 
Geo. M. Beyer died in rebel hospital, Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 30, 1864. 
Total, 8 

Capt. Robert R. McCormick murdered by guerillas near Eardstown, Ky. 

December, 1864. 
Lieut. Nicholas Wynkoop killed in battle near Gallatin, Tenn., August 

21, 1862. 
Wm. Morris Robinson died in Jonesboro, Ga., Aug. 21, 1864, of wounds 

received in battle. • 
Alonzo Martz, Co. I, died at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, April 13, 1864. 
Lieut. Francis William Reed, Co. L, killed at Battle of Duck River, 

Tenn., June 27, 1863. 
George Rahn, Co. A. 
George Anspach, Co. A. 

John T. Hazzard, Co. L, died in Annapolis, Md., February 16, 1863. 
Sergeant James Fleming, Co. I, killed in battle at Big Shanty, Ga. 
James Gillespie, Co. A, killed near Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dec, 1862.- 
Henry Fry, Co. I, " " " " " <' 
Sergt. Peter Longwell, Co. B, killed near Marietta, Ga., May, 1864. 
Sergt. James R. Black, " " ♦' " " " " 

Archibald Muller, Co. K, " " *« << '< '« 
Adam James, Co. M, " " " << «< .< 

William Ainsworth Co. M, " " *' <* " " 
Total, 16 



RECAPITULATION. 

Company F, -------- 8 

Other Companies of Regiment, - - - - - 16 

Total, ■' ""24 



FIFTY-SIXTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT. 

COMPANY K. 

Corp. John Flanaakers killed August, 1864, 

Corp. Win. Bowers " " " 

Isaiah Wilbur '« an 

Sergt. Geo. Allison died May 23, 1864, of wounds received near Spott- 

sylvania, Va. 
Sergt. Harrison K. Smith killed in Battle of Gettysburg, July, 1863. 
Michael Haley killed before Petersburg, August 19, 1864. 
Jacob Ilarrill killed August^ 1864. 

Total, 7 

Hugh McFaden, Co. B, killed August, 1864. ■ 
John G. Lebo, Co. I, 

Total, 2 

RECAPITULATION. 
Company K. --------7 

Other Companies of Regiment, - - -, - - 2 

Total, S 

85* 



418 Our Dead. 

IN OTHER REGIMENTS. 

John Eplin, 132d Ta. Regt., killed in battle of Fredericksburg, Decem- 
ber 13, 1863. 

John W. Sennett, Co. B, 5od Penn. Regt., woiwded and taken prisoner^ 
May 12, 18G4. Died in Richmond, August 5, 186-i. 

Geo. Rice, Co. K, 67th Pa. Regt., killed August, 1864. 

Amos Fisher, Co. A, 88th " 

Sero-t. Emanuel Moyer, Co. H, 17th Pa. Cav., killed August, 1864. 

Philip Troy, 

JoelKooas, 

Sergt. John F. Mundy, Co. F, 109th Pa. Regt., killed near Dallas, Ga.j, 
''May 25, 1864. 

Josiah W. Matthews, 

James Jenkins, Co, F, 5th U. S. Artillery, died November, 1862. 

Geo W. Overbeck, Co, G,. 8th Pa., Cav., aecidentally killed at Union- 
'ville, Va., Nov. 2, 1862. 

Wm Henry Pritchard, Co. E, 78th Pa. Regt., died in Nashville, Tenn.y 
'October 31, 1862. 

1st Sergt. Robert A. Maingay, Co. D^ 118th Pa. Regt., died in Camp at 
Falmouth, Va., Nov. 24, 1862. 

Albert Boone Meyer, Co. L, 9th N. Y. Regt., died in Baltimore, Md.~ 
Dec 25, 1861. 

Patrick Divine, Capt. S. S. Richards' Pa. Cavalry Co., killed at Fred- 
ericksburg, Va., April, 1862. 

William Casey, 8 1st Pa. Regt., died at Yorktown, June, 1862. 

Jos. L. Seiders, Co. I, llSth Pa. Regt., killed in battle. 

James Devine, 32d Tennessee Regiment, wounded in battle, captured 
and died. 

Henry Ham-is, 36th Pa. Regt., (7th Reserves) killed in battle. 

Serf^t. Benj. Franklin Jones, Co. I, 52d Pa. Regt., killed in Battle of 
^Fair Oaks, Va. ... 

Martin Pike, Co. D, 41st Pa. Regt., (12th Reserves.) 

Daniel Schwenk, Co. N, 28th Pa. Regt , died October, 1861. 

Emanuel Esterheld, Co. K, 76th Pa. Regt. 

George Nagle, Co. G, 107th Pa. Regt. 

Daniel Wiehry, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cav., killed before Richmond, 

.John Davis, in Navy, died December, 1862. 

John M. Southapi, on Western gunboat, died in Helena, Arkansas,. 
August, 1862. 

.lames B. Kane, 13th Pa. Cav., died Jonuary, 1863. 

Frank Dolan. 69th N. Y. Regt., died in Washington, January IS, 1863, 
of wounds received in Battle of Fredericksburg. 

Frederick Bolt?, Co. F, 184th Pa. Regt., died in Alexandria, Va., June 
10, 1864, of wounds received in Battle of Cold Harbor. 

Edward Sweeney died in Washington, August 25, 1864. 

Charles Qiiinn died in Annapolis of wounds, received June 17, 1864, be- 
fore Petersburg. 

A. R. Wilson, Co. I, 2d Pa. Art., died in Salisbury prison, Jan 5, ISd^^. 

Ord. Ser t. George S. Herring, Co. H, 17ih Pa. Cav., killed near Gor- 
donsville, Va. , December 23, 1864. 

Corp Jac. B. Heiser, Co. H, 17th Pa. Cav., killed near Gordonsville, 
Va., Dec. 23, 186^ 

Lewis Kershner, Co. D, 198th Pa. Regt., killed in battle before Peters- 
burg, March 31, 1865. 



Our Dead. 419 

Henry Hoy, 107th Pa. Regt., died in Pinegrove Township, Schuylk. Co., 
Pa., April 2, 1865, of disease contracted in rebel prisons. 

Philip Keeley, 107th Pa. Regt., died in Pinegrove, Sch. Co., Pa., April 
1, 1865, of disease contracted in rebel prisons. 

Wm. R. Wren, Co. K, 19th Pa, Cav., died at Jefi'erson Barracks Hospital, 
Missouri, April 22, 1865. 

Sergt. Silas C. Hough, 5th Pa. Cav., killed before Petersburg, April 2, 
1865. 

John C. Cole, 43d U, S. Colored Regiment, killed before Petersburg, 
August, 1864. 

Henry H. Bickley, Co. E, 10th New Jersey Regt., died in Philadelphia, 
Aug. 23, 1864, of wounds received in Battle of the Wilderness.- 

Thomas K. llausch, Co. C, 2d Iowa Regt., killed before Atlanta, Ga., 
August 20, 1864. 

(Sergt. James Murray, Co. II. 81st Regt., killed in the Battle of Reams' 
Station, Weldon Railroad, August 25, 1864. 

Francis M. Stidham, died in Annapolis, Md., July, 1864, of wounds re- 
ceived June 18. 

Thomas H, James, 1st New York Cav., killed in battle at Berry ville, Va., 
October 3, 1864. 

Franklin Wiehry killed near Richmond. 

Sergt. Tlieodore F. Beck, Co. D, 15th Pa. Cav., died near Mohrsville, 
Berks Co., Pa., January 27, 1865. 

Edward McDonough died in Pottsville, July 23, 1862, of fever contract- 
ed in camp before Richmond. 

Sergt. Wm. Place, Co. E, 72d Regt., killed in Battle of Antietam, Sept. 
17, 1862. 

William C. Shissler, 8th Michigan Regt., died in W^ashington, Sept. 7, 

1862, of wounds received in battle. 

Edward Hetherington, Battery I, 2d Pa. Art., (112th Regt.) died .at 
David. Island Hospital, New York, Sept. 20, 1864. 

Samuel Gaskins died in Donaldson, Sch. Co., Pa., Sept. 18, 1864, of 
disease contracted in the service at Vicksburg. 

Charles Kolb killed in Battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864. 

James F. Albright, wagon master, died in Cincinnati, Sept. 6, 1863. 

Wm. H. H. Brown, 17th Pa. Cav., died October 29, 1863. 

John Roseberry Roads, Co. M, 6th Pa. Cav., died Oct. 22, 1863, near 
Durant Station, Iowa. 

Degenhart C. Pott, 112th Pa. Regt., died in Port Carbon, March 10, '04, 

Capt. Thomas Stodd accidentally killed in Alexandria, La., March 11, 
1864, by beiffg thrown from a horse. 

Charles Francis Koch, 25th Michigan Reg., died April 7, 1863, in Bowl- 
ing Green, Ky, 

Edward R. Eveland, Co. E, 28th Pa. Regt., died May 10, 1863, in Camp 
at Acquia Creek. 

Sergt. John J.. Jones, Co. I, 15th New Jersey Regt., killed May 3, 1863,. 
in battle of Chancellorsville. 

Frederick Snyder, Co. E, 151st Pa. Regt., died :May 11, 1863, at Wind 
Mill Point Hospital, Va. 

Capt. James Robertson, Cj. I, 22nd Iowa Regt., killed in ba!tle at Vicks- 
burg, May 22, 1863. 

Lieut. George Byron Clayton, 5th Pa. Cav., died in Ashland, Sch. Co.. 
Pa., July 6, 1863. 

Geo. B. Smith, Co. E, 147th Pa. Regt., died in Milford, Del.. July 21 

1863. . , . 



420 Our Dead. 

Lieut. Will. K. Pollock, 1st U. S. Art., died in Fort Macon, near Beau- 
fort, N. C, August 4, 1863. 
Wm. M. Steel, Co. A, 124th TU. Regt., died at Vicksburg, Aug. 7, 1863. 
Lieut. J. A. Dunston, Co, C, 105th Pa. Regt., died near Gettysburg, Pa., 

August 26, 1863, of wounds received in the Battle of Gettysburg. 
Henry Hehn, 9th Pa. Regt. 

Robert Davis, Co. K, 76th Pa. Regt., died at Hilton Head, June, 1862. 
Michael Henegan, Co. K, 52d Pa. Regt., killed in battle. 
William Welsh, Co. A, 67th Pa. Regt., died Jan. 4, 1862. 
John O'Donnell, Co. H, 81st Pa. Regt., killed in battle before Richmond, 

July 1, 1862. 
John Menear, Co. E, 6th Pa. Cav., died May 11, 1862. 
Corp. Jeremiah Delay, Co. H, 81st Pa. Ptegt.,^ killed in battle before 

Richmond. 
Reese W. Roberts, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cavalry. 

Jacob Arnold, Co. D, 28th Pa. Regt., drowned while crossing the Po- 
tomac. 
Christian Ernst, 11th Pa. Reserves, died in New York hospital. 
John H. Miller, Co. L, 3d Pa. Cav., died at Torktown, May 8, 1862. 
Benjamin Miller, 6th U. S. -Cavalry. 
Henry Harrison, Co. A, 5th Pa. Art., killed in battle. 
Jacob Deiter, Co. I, 101st Pa. Regt. 
Joseph Dale, 52d Pa. Regt. 
Joseph Foster, Co. D, 5th Wisconsin Regt. 
Patrick Dollard, Co. H, 31st Pa. Regt., (2d Reserves.) 
John McGovern killed at siege of Yorktown. 
Thomas Sullivan, Co. D, 107th Pa. Regt., killed in Battle of Antietam, 

Sept. 17, 1862. 
Thomas Boran, Co. B, 6th Pa. Reserves, killed in Battle of South Mount- 

•ian, Sept. 14, 1862. 
Martin Dacv, Co. B, 6th Pa. Reserves, killed in Battle of Fi^edericks- 

burg, December 13, 1862. 
William H. Medler, 81st Pa. Regt., died in hospital near Fredericksburg, 

Va., of wounds received in the Battle at that place, Dec. 13. 
George Wilson Bratton, Co. G, 15th (Anderson) Cavalry, die'd.at Mur- 

fi-eosboro, Tenn., March 5, 1863. 
John S. Meredith, Co. H, 137th Pa. Regt. died in Washington, March 

11, 1864. 
Corp. John H. Slingluff, Co. A, 138lh Regt., killed in Battle of Chan- 

cellorsville. May 6, 1864. 
1st Lieut. Wm. D. Williams, Co. F, 184th Regt., died Juno 8, 186i, of 

wounds receive 1 June 3, at Battle of Cold Harbor. 
Joshua E. Reed died in Schuylkill Countj^ May 18th, 1865, from the 

effects of ill-troatment in Salisbury prison. 

Total, 97 



ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-NINTH PA. REG'T. 

(Nine Months^ Service,) 

COMPANY A. 

Capt. George J. Lawrence died in Fredericksburg, January 4, 1803. of 

wounds received in the Battle of Fredericksburg. 
Joseph Heisler died January, 1863. 



Our Dead. • 421 



John M. Jones killed in First Baltic of Frcclericksbui'g, Deo. 13, 18G2, 
John Nicholas " " " " " " 

Thomas Millington " " '« " " 

James Brennan killed in Second " " May 3, 1863, 

Total, - 6 



COMPANY B. 

John Michael died in Falmouth, Va., Jan. 6, 18G3. 
Reuben Kline " " " " '' 8, " 

Edward Reber " " " " " 12, " 

James Edwards killed in First Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1863. 
John C. Niese " " " " '•' " " 

Thomas Probert, " "Second" " May 3, '63. 

Total, 6 

C 31 P A NY E . 

Asher Woomer died March, 18G3. 

Clarence E. Bailey killed in First Battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, '62. 
John Ilolman " " Second " " May 3, 1863. 

David Zimmerman " " " " " ^' " 

Total, -.--.-. 4 

C .Al P A N Y G . 

Corp. J. Felterman killcl in First battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 'G2. 
William W. Pi-ice " " " " " " " 

Gabriel Crow " " " " " " " 

Total, - - 3 

COMPANY II. 

Gearge Andrew Lereli died in Frederick City, Md., Nov. II, 18G2. 
Lieut. Edward Wertley died Nov. 30, 18G2. 
George H. Payne died in Falmouth, Va., December 25, 18G2. 
Total, ..-.-.-. 3 

RECAPITULATION. 

Company A, --------G 

" B, G 

E, - 4 

" G, ----.--_ 3 

II, - - - . -, - . . 3 

Total, - - 22 

, Marcus Drey, Capt. Jones' Provost Guard, (9 months,) died in Harris- 
burg, October 2, 18G2. 
Samuel Burkhart Richland, Jr., Co. G, iTSd Reg.,'Pa. Drafted Militia, 

died in Camp Viele Hospital, Norfolk, Va., February 12, 18G3. 
Capt. Wm. Fox, Co. K, 127th Pa. Reg., (9 months,) killed in First Battle 
of Fredericksburg, December 13, 18G2. 

Total, ..-.---. 3 



1^0 



Our Dead. 



Deaths 



GRAND RECAPITULATION. 

n Three Months' Service, . - - 

Forty-eighth Regiment, - - - - 
Ninety-sixth *t - - - - 

Fiftieth " . . . - 

Fifty-fifth " 

Fifty-sixth " - . - - 

Seventh Cavalry, - - 

Other Three Years' Regiments, 
One Hundred and Tweiity-ninth Regiment, 
Other Nine Months' Regiments, 



234 
192 
30 
14 
9 
24 
97 
22 



Grand Total, 



632 



BATTLE NARRATIVES. 



THE NINETY-SIXTH REGIMENT IN THE BATTLES BEFORE RICH- 
MOND IN 1862. 

Our reeord could not be considered complete were we to omit 
tlie part that the Ninety-sixth Regiment took in the battles before 
Richmond, urider General McOellan in the Summer of 1862, — 
In that campaign the Regiment first came under the fire of tho 
enemy, and bore itself bravely and nobly under its Colonel^ Henry 
L. Cake. 

The following letters which we received shortly after Gen. Mc. 
Clellan's notable "change of base/' are graphic, and contain a 
history of the Regiment's participation in the movement. 

The first was written by an officer of the Ninety-sixth : 

Camp H^eseler, Jdly 5, 1862. 

We have jvist passed tlirough two weeks of incessant toil and danger. 
It has been one consth-ntbattle, of tbe most terrible cbaracter, too, since 
last Thursday, June 2Gth. After 36 hours of marching and labor, we 
went into battle at Gaines' Mills, about 5 o'clock on Friday afternoon. 
We passed to the extreme right under a galling fire, in which four of 
our men were wounded. We rested in a ravine, while a perfect shower 
of shot, shell and balls passed over our heads. It was intensely hot 
and dusty, and the fatigue of the men rendered this step necessary. — 
When we passed to the right, we crossed a hill, at which the enemy 
were throwing their grape and cannister at one of our batteries. Here 
I gave out. We had been double-quicking through the heat and dust. 
I settled down to a brisk walk, and held that gait until again under 
cover of the hill, a distance of a hundred yards. The balls flew all 
around, tearing up the ground at my feet. Indeed, I was so tired that 
I felt not the least danger. From the ravine, where we were formed in 
divisions, we formed line of battle and changed front forward. Here 
we received a terrible fire, which fortunately, mostly passed over our 
heads. Here Lieut. Ellrich fell, shot through the head. Several others 
were here killed and wounded. The line we formed was as straight as 
at any dress parade we ever had. We then advanced at double-quick 
to within forty yards of the enemy's line, the men cheering as we came 
up. Here we were ordered to lay down and load, and fire, lying behind 
a fence. The firing continued for one whole hour, man_y of the men com- 
pletely emptying their cartridge boxes of the whole 60 rounds. It was 
not until dark, and we were in danger of being outflanked, that we 
fell back. The men seemed to go reluctantly. When we fell back the 
enemy advanced beyond the fence we had oecupied, evidently with the 
intention of driving us across the river in confusion, creating a panic 



424 Battle Narratives, 

if possible. We reformed speedily and gave them two or three rounds, 
when the batteries opened and drove them back. So ended one of the 
most obstinate battles ever fought on this continent, in which our Re- 
giment had the last fire, and was the last to retreat from the field. The 
enemy had an overwhelming force, and had it not been for Franklin's 
Division, must have cut McCall and Porter to pieces. As it was, we as- 
sisted them in crossing the river, and thus carrying out Gen, McClellan's 
plan of drawing in the right wing of his army. We returned to camp 
by eleven o'clock. At half past three Saturday morning, we were ordered 
under arms, and advanced to support some guns on the extreme right, 
on the Richmond side of the river. We lay all day under the shells of 
the enemy, they in many cases passing close to our heads, and bursting 
all around us. 

Saturday night we spent in cutting timber to obstruct the roads, and 
marched at one o'clock, Sunday morning. We marched about fifteen 
miles during the day. The men suft'cred terribly. Many were compel- 
led to drink the muddy water along the road. At Savage's Station the 
enemy attacked our rear guard, but were repulsed with great slaughter. 
We encamped Sunday night. On INIonday our Division was posted^ 
about tv/o miles up the Charles City Road, towards Richmond. This is 
between two swamps. About noon the enemy advanced with an im- 
mense force, from the direction of Richmond, with the intention of cut- 
ting us off. . You will see by the press the details of Monday's fight, sa 
1 will not attempt to describe it. The fight on our part of the field 
(which extended over three miles of woods and ravines,) was all artil- 
lery. We had twenty-four large Parrot guns, which kept up an inces- 
sant fire. They attempted to break through and capture our batteries, 
but the grape and shells moved them down by whole regiments. So 
cflfectively was our artillery served, that our infanti'y scarcely got into 
the engagement. They were determined on our left to cut off our re- 
treat, and were only held in check at dark by Gen. Kearney. Our Divi- 
sion was the last to pass over the White Oak Swamp towards the James 
River, passing stealthily within five hundred yards of the enemy at 
dead of night. On Tuesday night we were on picket, and marched at 
one o'clock, reaching the river at six. You may be able to conceive 
some of the labor, exposure and danger we have undergone. On Thurs- 
day night previous to our first battle we were digging trenches all night. 
Wednesday »ight under arms nearly all night. Tuesday night on picket. 
I think, I can safely say, that for ten days I did not get 24 hours of 
sleep altogether. We were on the go all the time, often at a double- 
quick in the burning sun of midday. 

Our loss in Friday's battle was 61 wounded, 13 killed, and 13 missing. 
Doubtless most of the missing were left wounded or killed on the battle- 
field. I was sorry to hear of the death of Sergeant Roland. I think he 
died on the field. The dead bodies will never be found. If the rebels 
bury them at all, it will be under about six inches of ground. Those 
that they buried at Fair Oaks, were left on the surface of the ground 
and covered. I saw many Avith their bones protruding. We always 
bury the rebel dead in trenches. One trench at Fair Oaks contains four 
hundred, co-vered with about four feet of ground. My company was 
very fortunate, only two wounded, one in the head, another in the hand 
and leg, and one missing. I am proud of the company; they fought 
nobly, obeyed commands, and kept the best order, and I am sure made 
many a rebel bite the dust. Col. Cake acted with great bravery ; in 
fact, the whole Regiment, officers and men, behaved iiobly. 



Battl"e Narratives. 425 

It was painful to see the suflfering connected with this celebrated re- 
treat. Half of the wounded were compelled to walk all the way. It was 
Ji common sight to see men with broken arms (unset) walking. I can't 
go into details, but you may be able to form some idea of this move- 
ment. The vast amount of baggage wagons, ambulances, artillery, in- 
fantry, cavalry, and all the appliances of war, moving over the same 
road, fighting daily. You can imagine the dust and heat, and then 
think of at least five thousand wounded men and sick trudging along 
with the mass. 

We found one man of Co. A, away beyond the Chickahominy Swamp. 
Ee had his arm shot off, and had trudged along about fifteen miles, and 
sunk down in the road unable to go further. Notwithstanding the 
magnitude of the undertaking, McCIellan got nearly everything through 
safely, destroying comparatively but little. The wounded, nearly all, I 
think, had their wounds dressed before being put on the boats. 



In the battle on Monday, the enemy charged on our batteries three or 
four regiments deep. They were swept away by the grape shot, as they 
advanced, without our losing many men. Throughout the whole fight, 
the rebels were all mad drunk. Those taken were all drunk, and had 
canteens of whiskey. None but drunken men would have charged in 
the face of grape and canister, which was sweeping away the very 
trees in its course. They were beaten with terrible slaughter at every 
point. The army did retreat, successfully ; everything with few excep- 
tions was cleared away and gotten safely to the river. Richmond, to be 
sure, was not taken ; but what of that ? We have fought the villains, 
and have gained a most signal victory. 

Subsequently we received from Dr. C. H. Haeseler, of Potts- 

ville, who visited the Regiment a few days after the series of 

battles, the following narrative of events : 

PoTTSViLLE, July 15, 1862. 
As it was my good fortune to arrive at the Camp of th^ 96th, P. V., in 
McClellan's army, at Harrison's Landing, but a few days after the late 
eeries of battles that were fought before Richmond, I feel as if I owe it 
to the brave boys in the field, and their families at home, to publish 
Bome sketch of my sojourn among them, and of their participation in 
the late battles. The substance of ray account of the battle hasTaeen 
derived from men and officers of the Regiment, as well as from those of 
the 16th N. Y., who were in intimate connection with them during the 
fight. I arrived at Harrison's Landing on the Nelly Baker from Fortress 
Monroe, at about sunset, of July 2d, and learned that the 96th was en- 
camped about a mile from the Landing. As it was difficult, however, to 
locate a regiment at that time, in a strange country, and under very 
strange circumstances, I deferred my researches until the following 
morning, and returned for the night to the steamboat Nelly Baker. 
-Next morning at 4 o'clock, in company with Asst. Surgeon Maize, of the 
93d, P. v., we started ofi" in a direct line for the regiments. , The ground 
having been already softened by the rains of the few days previous, was 
dreadfully rutted and cut up by the teams and cavalry of the army, so 
that it was more like traveling through thick mortar, about a foot deep, 
iban anything I can think of. Having proceeded about half a mile 
I discovered where the Regiment had been encamped the day before • 
36 



426 Battle Narratives. 



but which had advanced early that morning about two miles further t« 
the right and front of the army. Some of the effects of the Regiment, 
with the teams were still there, and among those attending to their re- 
moval, were the Assistant Surgeon and Chaplain, who kindly provided 
a horse for me, to facilitate my progress towards camp. There arrived, 
sufiSce it to say, that the luxury of being grasped by those brave and 
loyal hands, can only be felt and not described. To see those sun- 
browned countenances, expressive with anxiety about the loved ones 
left at home, is touching to the heart, but the penis helpless in record- 
ing it. The locality of their camp was elevated and healthful, with suf- 
ficient woods to afford considerable shade ; and the water, which they 
obtained from a small rivulet running through the camp, and from sun- 
dry little springs, was deligJitful. The health of the Regiment, now 
numbering about seven hundred men, was good, and their appearance 
comparatively cheerful. It is true, the forced marches, and sharp fight- 
ing of the previous week by day and night, during which time they 
were deprived nearly altogether of rest and nourishment, had somewhat 
dashed their spirits and fatigued their bodies. Yet when, the second 
day of my presence among them, a call was made for five hundred to be 
ready for fatigue duty at two o'clock in the morning, they responded 
with readiness and good humor ; and at eight o'clock, when they were 
relieved by another regiment, they had shown by the increased depth 
and width of the entrenchment at which they had labored, that they 
could handle the pick and shovel with genuine Schuylkill County alacrity, 
and with as much tact as the musket and bj^onet. They had evidently 
seen some practice in tlie digging line. By the way, the engineering of 
those intrenchments was conducted by our townsman, Lieut. Frank 
Farquhar. The Fourth of July was characterized by nothing unusual 
in the camps, till late in the afternoon, when Gen. McClellan with his 
staff, reviewed the arrny, riding rapidly past each regiment drawn up 
in line, which greeted him with deafening cheers, and soul stirring mu- 
sic. In the evening the Glee Club of the Regiment sang some national* 
and sacred airs, which amid the hushed stillness of the night, and all 
the surrounding associations, touched the heart with pathos, and fired 
the soul with the keenest enthusiasm. In reference to the part which 
the 9Gth took in fehe engagements, I have obtained data and memoranda 
from conversations with the soldiers, not only of the 9Gth, Irut of the 
whole brigade with which it is connected, and which is commanded by 
Col. Bartlett. The substance of these is, that the 9Gth, P. V., went into 
the battle of Gaines' Hill, with Slocum's Brigade, on the afternoon of 
the 27th of June, coming into plain view of the action on the extreme 
left, and filing off to the extreme right, under a hot fire of iron and lead 
that pitched into their ranks riglit and left, for more than two-thirds of 
the entire distance. When the position was reached that it was intend- 
ed they should occupy, they were ployed in double column, and closed 
in mass, to rest and await orders. This was on the extreme right wing 
of the Union line of battle. It had undoubtedly, been the intention of 
the Commanding Generals to move the 9(3th forward in column after the 
enemy had been driven back without its aid ; but five minutes after the 
Brigade was in position, it was discovered that the Federals were out- 
flanked. A shower of spherical case was let into the Brigade, the 
96th occupying nearly the whole of a section of a small valley that was 
enfiladed by the enemy's battery. A shell fell into the closed masses of 
the Regiment, but thank God ! it did not explode, but bounding from 
the ground, flew hissing down the ravine. CoL Cake promptly moved 



Battle Narratives. 427 

his column forward as much out of range as possible, and soon received 
orders to form and "go in." His line was formed amid a shower of ball 
and bullets ; his front charging forward in a murderous fire. He calmlj 
dressed his lines, awaiting orders to charge. It soon came ^'Forivard! 
double quick !'^ It was here he lost Ellrich. At home, or anywhere else 
he^could have wept for Ellrich, as for a true, unquestioning friend ; but, 
in such an emergency everything gives Avay to the one hope of being 
able to destroy the enemy before your ranks are decimated. There is a 
goal to be reached ; il is the crest of the next rise in front. The Colonel 
waves his hand and leads— ^alone, twenty yards ahead. The Regiment 
follows him with a shout. From the beginning of the fight the Colonel 
was grand, cool, thoughtful, careful of his men ; according to the unani- 
mous testimony of his soldiers. Zach. Boy er was urging a couple of 
boys to get up and go into the ranks. "Listen to the bullets," says one. 
"What of that," says Boyer, "Look! they don't hit the Colonel!" — 
"That's so," say the boys, and they went in. The Regiment was under 
fire from three in the afternoon till eight at night. 

When it left the field, the enemy was almost quiet in front, but an 
ugly shelling was hurting it from- the right flank ; the same that greeted 
it when it first went on the field. Officers and men were brave. They 
went on the field in good order, and only left the position they were 
posted in when ordered back to camp. Filing from the field in the dark, 
the last Regiment to fire a volley, and the last to leave, they encountered 
the Third Regulars, {the regiment to which Lieutenant McCool belongs,) 
the officers of which gathered about Colonel Cake and congratulated 
him. * Th«y next marched through McCall's Division, and when they 
found they were among Pennsylvanians, they halted and gave "threo 
times three." First, for the Reserves, second for Col. Simmons, third 
for Col. Black, who had been killed that day. These forces had all been 
engaged, and were resting on their arms awaiting the morrow or orders. ' 
Orders came first ; to cross the Chickaliominy and destroy the bridge. 
Ail the wounded had been carried to the hospitals ; but most of them, 
and all our dead were afterwards left to the tender mercies of the rebels. 
The 96th had been on picket on Wednesday night, and on Thursday 
night they dug a trench for the foundation of a redoubt in front of their 
lines, right in the teeth of the enemy. That made two successive 
nights that the most of them were without sleep or rest. On Friday 
morning they marched with the Brigade to "Smith's J^ridge," over the 
Chickahominy. Newton's Brigade had been over ana returned. Col. 
Cake crossed the bridge, and reported in writing, the gathering conflict, 
much of it in plain view. He w^as ordei'ed to tear up the brido'e as 
gpcedily as possible. He w^orked at it several hours, and was finally 
ordered to rejoin the detachment with his regiment, the Brigade being 
about to move. A quick march was made down the Chickahominy to 
the Woodbury bridge. Newton's and the Jersey Brigade were ahead 
and deep in the fight, when Slocum's Brigade crossed over the bridge. 
Loss of sleep, hard work, and forced marching had disheartened the 
men; but the Regiment did all that its friends could expect or hope. 
Having had the pleasure of reading the Colonel's report, (which for the 
present must necessarily be Government property,) I observed that 
both officers and men were highly praised for the valor they displayed 
upon the battle-field. The heroism of the dead was especially extolled. 

After a sojourn of five days with the gallant 9Gth, I returned home- 
ward with the John Brooks, a hospital transport, having about two 
hundred and fifty sick and wounded on board. Coming down the James 



428 Battle I^arratives. 

River at a place called Sandy Point, we were signalled back by a gun- 
boat, and soon had an opportunity of witnessing a little gunboat target 
practice, towards a field battery improvised by the Rebels on shore. Wo 
could distinctly see rebel cavalry scouting about some distance from the 
shore, but they soon skedaddled, taking their brass cannon along. 

At Fortress Monroe we stopped about eight hours, to take in coal. — 
This giving me time to stroll around Old Point, I was proceeding leisurely 
along the beach, and liad just turned from a solemn inspection of the 
big Union and Lincoln guns, when who should confront me but a portion 
of Capt. Gilmour's men, of the 48th, P. V. They had just landed from 
a yawl that belonged to the steam-transport Cossack ; but on seeing me, 
took me right on board their yawl, and ferried me over to the Cossack, 
where the whole Regiment gloried in the near prospect of strengthening 
McClellan with a good, strong dose of Burnside. This was, indeed, a 
gratification that my wildest fancy would not have dared to hope for. 
Tf 1 had met one Regiment from fottsville, that appeared somewhat 
crestfallen under the late terrible slaughter that had transpired upon the 
Peninsula, I also met the other, coming, as it were to its relief, full of 
ardor, buoyant with hope, determined in purpose. From the Colonel, 
who is now acting Brigadier General, to the last private, they seemed 
filled with enthusiasm at the prospect before them. 

I wish here to express my heartfelt thanks for the great kindness with 
which I was received and entertained by the officers and men of the 
96th and 48th, P. V. Long and glorious may be their career. God 
bless them all ! for there are no better men, nor njLore willing hands, 
nor more patriotic hearts, in all our land. 

C. H. Haeseler, M. D. 

The Kev. S. F. Colt, Chaplain of the Ninety-sixth Regiment, 
who was with the Regiment during the battles, furnished to us 
the following account : 

When the OGth landed at West Point, on the Pamunkey, it was fore- 
most in the work of defence ; having been the first to land, and on the 
morning of the skirmish there, it was the only full regiment advanced 
in line. Its position was on the extreme left, a point not attacked by 
the passing enemy, and this circumstance kept it out of the skirmish, 
and consequent!!^ out of notice. From tliat day (May 7th) until it 
reached Harrison's Landing, (.July 2d) its campaign has been extremely 
active and arduous. Since the 27th of June, the Regiment has been 
under arms continually, taking part in all the actions incident to a 
"change of base." During the eight days, commencing with the night 
of the 26th, there was not an hour in which the coux-age and soldier- 
ship of officers and men, were not put to the test. On Wednesday night 
(2.5th) a large portion of the OGth were on picket so close to the enemy 
as plainly to discern negroes doing duty in the rebel lines, and to distin- 
guish many of the names called off during their evening roll call. On 
Thursday, (26th) Col. Cake was Division field-officer and was fatiguingly 
occupied all day on the lines. The cannonading of the fight, in which 
McCall and Porter were engaged, near Mechanicsville, kept us on the 
qui Vive all the afternoon and evening. Various rumors were flying. It 
was at length accepted that Fremont and Banks had pressed closely after 
Stonewall Jackson's forces, en route for Richmond, until they were 
crowded up to the forces of our right wing, just mentioned, where they 
had been subjected to our fire oa three sides, Would to God it had beeu 



Battle Narratiyes. 42S 



10 ! The regimental bands along our lines, for more than an hour iT«r« 
discoursing national and favorite airs, and the midnight hours wer« 
•winged with gladness pervading the whole army. During the night, 
Lieut. -Col, Frick, with large details from the 9Gth and the 7th Maine, 
secretly built a three sided redoubt of 400 yards in length, a strategetical 
■work of immense importance, accomplished within easy musket range of 
the enemy. 

Whatever advantage it would have given us in advancing upon Rich- 
mond, had our forces been sufficient, it, in connection with operation! 
at and behind Gen. Smith's position on our right, did deceive and de- 
tain a heavy force of the enemy until Sunday towards noon, and thus 
facilitated the change of base, in the presence of a foe greatly outnum- 
bering us. On this Thursday evening, Surgeon D. W. Bland had ridden 
unaccompanied, over to the scene of McCall's engagement, to attend to 
the removal of Capt. Lessig and Lieut. Hannum, two sick officers of the 
96th, who were in private quarters near the Richardson Hospital. They 
all came in early Friday morning safe, but not a little excited. Thia 
w^as the second time the sick Captain had been forced from hospitals by 
the rebel shells. At 7, A. M., Friday, 27th, the Regiment was taken with 
the Division just to the rear of Gen. Smith's redoubt, to occupy the 
enemy in front, and to defend the Grapevine bridge, crossing the Chicka- 
hominy at that point. The enemy were in full force on the highlands 
up to Dr. Gaines' house. We were, "at every hazard," to prevent the 
rebels from effecting a junction at this bridge. About noon some splendid 
artillery practice commenced, our guns from both sides of the creek 
throwing shell into the rebel battalions, at and near the Gaines House. 
But I don't propose to give a description of the battle. To understand 
its details, one must have a map of the extended field, on which the 
conflict rnged all that afternoon. At 3 o'clock, P. M., the 96th with a 
Vermt. regiment, destroyed t'.ie Grapevine bridge, while others destroyed 
the bridge just above it, arnd by slashing timber, effectually barricaded 
both crossings. The 96th, then passing near its camp, moved down to 
and over the Woodbury bridge, and so into the line of battle. McCall's, 
Porter's, Slocum's and Meagher's forces constituted that line. 

At twenty minutes past thr^e, the 96th filed through the field of battle 
with and on the left of the Brigade under a fire of shot, shell and mus- 
ketry. Before reaching the ground upon which the Brigade formed, four 
men were wounded. According to orders the Regiment was formed in 
double column, closed in mass, in the rear of the 16th New York, occu- 
pying the head of a ravine enfiladed by several of the enemy's guns. 
Col. Cake observing that the guns were trained upon the road leading 
down the centre of the ravine, moved the column forward as close as 
possible to the crest of the hill occupied by the line of the 16th N> Y. 
Here the men laid down to rett, three hundred and fifty of them 
having been on their feet for thirty consecutive hours. At five o'clock 
the 16th N. Y. moved forward, and the. 96th occupied their position, 
promptly changing front forward under a galling fire. Several were here 
wounded and carried to the rear. Lieut. E. T. EUrich of Company B, 
•was here shot through the brain while gallantly encouraging his com- 
pany to press forward. The Regim«nt now advanced at double quick, 
charging across the field in fine st^le, the men coming up square, and 
cheering as they advanced. A mounted officer of the regulars witnessing 
this, spoke of it as one of the best things of the action. The firing was 
heavy in front, dropping a shower of "lead and iron around us. The 
momentary lifting of the smoke disclosed the enemy's line rising a huo- 

86* . • 



430 Battle Narratives. 

dred yards beyond the garden. Our men were ordered to lie down ; 
for several minutes a scathing fire was directed against us. A*, this 
point Col. Cake evinced his personal courage, by several times riding 
ftlono- his whole linft. He now ordered a volley to be given. The men 
rose "promptly, and delivered it so efficiently as to silence the rebels for 
a short time. Just now the enemy were discovered to be fearfully near 
us, and apparently determined to charge us^ when, at the urgent solici 
tation of Major Sevier of the 16th, N. Y., our men were moved fifty 
paces to the right, until they mingled with his. For more than an hour 
after this the 'dQth poured in their fire. The enemy's charge was not 
made, and tne fire was easier to bear as the day declined. But we were 
still subjected to an ugly cross-fire of round shot and musketry, cutting 
us obliquely from the right. At dusk the Regiment was taken by Col. 
Cake in good order, one hundred and fifty yards back to its first position, 
stopping'^on the way twice, with an about face, to give heavy volleys. 
At the crest of the hill the Regiment formed and delivered several vol- 
leys, receiving no reply except from the flanking battery that had an- 
noyed us when we first came upon the field. 

Just after eight o'clock, with much reluctance and only in obedience 
to positive orders, the Regiment marched back to their camp. A large 
house on the brow of the hill overlooking the Woodbury bridge was 
used as the general field hospital. Here, with two servants, I was pe^r- 
sonally occupied with the sick until a quarter to 8 o'clock. The sur- 
geons were kept busy to a late hour. At camp, that night, I dressed 
fourteen wounded men, who had been brought directly from the field. 

The following is a list of casualties sustained by the 96th, P. V., dur- 
ing the Battle on Gaines' Hill, June 27, 1862 : 

COMPANY A. 

Killed^ 1st Sergt. Jonas Rich, Levi Gloss, Alexander Rodgers, Henry 

C. Simpson, H. Stonefield. , „ t^ 

Wounded— 2d Lieut. J. Albert Saylor, 5th Sergt. Joseph F. Dengler, 
Corp. Henry Gearing, Corp. Thornton B. Hanley, Corp. Thos. G. Houck, 
Dallas Dampman, Chas. Grieflf, Edward Hayes.. Joseph Hollister, Dan'l 
McCoy, Hugh B. Nugent. 

Missing — Corp. Michael Larkin, A. Garber. 

COMPANY B. 

Killed— 1st Lieut, Ernst T. Ellrich. 

Wounded — J. Miller. 

Missing Gross, A. Bucher. 

COMPANY C. 

Wounded Sergt, Hugh Stevenson, David Kuhns, Brian Haley. 

Missing— John Davis, James Wollinger, Joseph Huber. 

COMPANY D. 

Killed — James Hughes. 

AVouNDED— James Doyle, 2d Sergeant Ira Troy, Daniel Wolf, Milton 
Moyer, (missing.) 

^ ^ COMPANY E. 

Wounded — Corp. Chas. Godyke, Jacob W. Woodring, Dan. Woodring. 

Missing — Corp. Stephen Horn, John Miller. 
C M P A N Y F . 

Killed— R. Walsh, Patrick Ferns. 

Wounded— J. McGaerity, (since dead,) J. Healy, (supposed, to be 
dead,) F. Blizzard, E. Britt, W. Quirk, 1st Serg. M. Bolan, (since deal.) 



Battle Narratives. 431 

Wounded and Missing — 2d Sergt. D. Carroll, Corp. J. Brady, Corp. 
B. Rfatthews, D. O'Donnell, M. Mc Bride, J. Quinn. 

COMPANY G. 

Wounded — L. Romick, E. Moyer, 

Wounded and Missing — 2d Lieutenant E. A. Sauerbie, G. Nestor, W. 
Strasser. 

Missing — S. Nestor. 

COMPANY H. 
Wounded — J. Callagy, C. J. Zeigler. 
Missing — C. Haley. 

COMPANY I. 

Killed — 3d Sergt, Francis Caulfield, Corp. Martin Foyle. 

Wounded — Corporal James Ruddy, Peter O'Donnel, Thomas Burke, 
T. Dudlick, John Hobbs, John Hibbard, Stephen Horan, Michael Keat- 
ing, Patrick Caliban, Jerry Dineen, Wra. Weaklind, Anthony Sheridan, 
John Morrel, Patrick Purcell-, James Cramer. 

COMPANY K. 

Wounded — John Hollan, Corp. Thomas Moore, John Farrell. 
Wounded and Missing — John Ryan, John Kelly. 

Among those brought into camp that night, (Friday, 27th,) by our 
boys, was a brave Michigander, -with a fearful gunshot wound in his 
thigh, tied up with his handkerchief. But I could enumerate hundreds 
of cases of unmurmuring fortitude under the severest wounds. 

Early on the morning of* the 28th, our teams with commissary and 
ammunition, took their place in the train already moving from the left 
towards James River. Our portion of the train rested, parked in a 
pleasant grove near McClellan's old headquarters, a mile from Wood- 
bury bridge, until nine o'clock that night. In this connection, I will 
mention an incident characteristic of Col. Cake's watchfulness and care- 
taking for the comfort of his command. At nine o'clock Saturday night 
he took the responsibility of recalling a portion of the train, and through 
the efficient management of Quartermaster Saylor, and Lieutenant Z. B. 
Boyer, acting Commissary and Adjutant, had three days' meat rations 
cooked for his men. So they were fed while some other regiments near 
ua in the line sadly lacked on our weary marchings to the James River. 
Indeed Col. Cake was enabled to share with one of the regiments that 
had entirely run out of provisions. I remember he did the same thing 
on the march from Manassas to Catlett's last spring. 

To return to the Regiment on this busy Saturday. There was slashing 
of timber in our rear and also in our front. There was marching off to 
the right to Gen. Smith's, where we were shelled, then we fook a new 
position some distance to the rear of our camp, then back again to 
camp and to the lines in front. During the morning a shot from the 
enemy passed directly where the Colonel's marque had stood, and others 
iu fearful proximity to the position of our regimental hospital. Our 
ipen had packed up, and at the different positions were all day in line 
of battle, most of tlie time on the picket lines as rear guard. The ob- 
ject of all this day's work and of our heavy artillery practice, was to 
hold the enemy in check on our right. It was so far a success. At one 
o'clock Sabbath morning, in heavy marching order, the Regiment moved 
towards the famous White Oak Swamps. There were "rests" with 
snatches of sleep, there were log barricades built, and picketing on th« 
route. The dog tents were pitched on the bluff just beyond the crossing 
of the swamp, and near the temporary general headquarters. Thenc* 



432 Battle Narratives. 



we were marched out some two miles and a half and rested at 5, P. M., 
in a field all night. There had been a successful skirmish with the rebel 
eavalry during the morning just beyond this position, in which they 
sulFered considerably. Their Major was brought in mortally wounded 
and died before noon. The officers' haversacks began to be very light, 
and "square bread" i. e. hard crackers, to be very precious with us, bui 
good humor abounded. From three o'clock in the morning I had been 
engaged in encouraging the sick and wounded on the route, to keep 
moving. You may imagine that I slept soundly that night with Drs. 
Bland and Nugent, and friend C.,. of Philadelphia, though sheltered only 
by a lean-to of rails in a fence corner. Some of the boys managed to 
cook some hot coffee in their tin cups. Never did the choicest Mocha 
taste better. 

On Monday at 8, A. M,, (30th June) the Division was moved out to the 
left on the Charles City Cross Roads, some two miles or more, and our 
Regiment was immediately sent out to the farthest front on picket duty. 
The 9Gth were advanced on the Richmond road beyond all other forces, 
and ordered to retire with and after the brigades of Gens. Birney and 
Berry, in order that our artillery might rake the advancing rebels. We 
supported Hexheimer's battery. The artillery did fearful execution. — 
Adjt. Richards, who occupied a favorable position for observing its ef- 
fects, assured me, as did others, that on the field raked not a rat could 
find a place to live. Just as we were about to charge, Gen. Heintzel- 
man came in person for reinforcemants ior Gen. Sedgwick's Division, 
which was much pressed. The Jersey Brigade from our Division was 
sent, and the intended charge delayed. Meanwhile the battle raged 
fearfully on our left. Franklin's Corps having held and driven back the 
enemy with the artillery, was again called upon for reinforcements. 
Sedgwick and McCall had been much broken. Our Brigade standing 
before the batteries ready to charge, was ordered back to go with Mc- 
Call. We went at double-quick coming under the enemy's fire in our 
new position ; shot, shell and musketry penetrating our lines. But 
Gens. Sumner and Kearney had anticipated us, and had regained the lost 
ground, driving back the foe with great slaughter. The Regiment was 
ordered back to its position, that it could be in readiness to renew its 
march after midnight. The exposure of our ofiicers and men during 
this afternoon's fight were much leas than on Friday, but I can feelingly 
testify that the rebels threw their shot without any care for our safety, 
since they whistled over my head from three different directions, and at 
the well of the field hospital, Sergeant-Mnjor John Harlan and myself 
had at least seven musket or rifle balls pass our legs from the woods in 
the direction of McCall's fight. 

At that Wayside hospital we left one of our men, who was wounded in 
Friday's fight, and whose arm had been amputated in the woods that 
morning. I had him in the ambulance once, but he was taken oui 
again by the Brigade Surgeon, that the ambulance might be used on the 
field. About sixty men were left here, including the wounded rebels 
who had been brought in, and about the same number had been dreste 1 
and sent towards the river. The successful actions of Monday were, 
in my opinion, the favoring crisis of the whole change of base. A de- 
cided failure by either of our sections engaged, would have imperilled 
the whole array of the Potomac. Leaving the accumulating forces of 
the enemy in front and on both flanks, ours were quietly withdrawn, 
and met the rising sun of Tuesday on Malvern Hill. Here occurred 
Porter's splendid fight, that afternoon. The 96th marched during tk* 



Battle Narratives. 433 



morning from the hill, some two miles, and passed Turkey Island bridge, 
spending some hours in making an extended log barricade, and expect- 
ing a fight, but during the after part of the night "fell back" quietly to 
Harrison's Landing, reaching this the much talked of base, a few mo- 
ments before noon on Wednesday, July 2d. Officers and men were not 
a little fatigued. We found reinforcements already arriving, and new 
supplies of commissary and medical stores. Several sanitary vessels 
had already taken north hundreds of the sick and wounded. In the 
last change of position, several officers lost no little personal baggage. 
I know that for two nights a number were glad of the shelter attorded 
by an army wagon, and most of the stajff and line were grateful for 
room to sleep with the men in their small dog tents. Thursday, od, found 
the army resting in the mud, but moving back again from the river to 
establish the more permanent lines and camps, — and in the use of the 
pick and shovel the 9Gth has done its full share — and the earthworks 
are considered to be almost impregnable. How it may have been in 
other Divisions, I don't know, but the 9Gth and other regiments of Frank- 
lin's Corps, had little rest for ten days after reaching James River- 
being ordered out to trenching, slashing or picket duty often twice in 
the twenty-four hours. Lt.-Col. Frick on one occasion with the llegi- 
ment, drove the enemy's pickets, by felling trees some distance beyond 
their lines — and so opening a free scope for our heavy siege guns to 
sweep clear the only way of approach for the rebels to our entrenched 
camp that was not commanded by the reach of the guns on the boats. 

Lt.-Col. Frick was assigned to the provisional command of the Maine 
5th, whose staff had been put hors de combat on Friday, 

Major Martin received a complimentary appointment as commandant 
of construction, in the completion of the heavy earthworks on our 
front. 

Long as is this communication, it includes only the briefest possible 
summary of labors and actions during daj^s of trial and exposure, in 
which we seemed to live a whole life — and in which the 96th acted well 
its part, and for which it deserves well of the country it serves and the 
State it in part represents. There is hardly an officer in the Regiment 
in whom I did not witness something worthy of most honorable mention. 
But space forbids it here. That our list of casualties was not greatly 
larger is due, under God, I fully believe, to the skill and presence of 
mind in the Colonel and his active staff, and to the confidence reposed 
in them by the men, and their ready obedience to orders. 

The whole change of base has been pronounced a success. Excepting 
the breaking of McCalTs and Sedgwick's Divisions, no portion of the 
grand army has been discomfitted, and that brief success of the foe waa 
dearly bought, since in it their losses quadrupled ours — and they wero 
completely forced back immediately. 

Yours, &c., 

S. F. Colt. 



THE FIGHT AT POCOTALIGO, S. C, OCTOBER 22, 1862. 

Our forces under Generals Brannan and Terry, the former in 
command, landed at Mackev's Point, and marched seven miles be. 
fore meeting the enemy. They drove them from their position in 
the woods, followed them up again, and again drove them from 
their position two miles beyond. 



434 Battle Narratives. 

After a hot fight here, they viere pursued to Pocotaligo bridge, 
which the rebels destroyed behind them. Further progress being 
impossible, our forces retreated to the gun-boats. The fight lasted 
five hours. 

John S. Bannan, a member of Company E, Fifty-fifth Pa. Re- 
giment, who participated in the movement, wrote to us as follows : 

Camp 55th Regiment Pa. Vols. ) 
Beaufort, S. C, October 21, 18G2. / 

Probably ere this reaches you, you wilLhave heard of an advance 
made in this department to cut oti" communication between Charleston 
and Savannah at Pocotaligo bridge, and of the retreat of our forces on 
account of having no means of conveying ammunition in sufficient quan- 
tities to our troops, and of their subsequent return to this place without 
having accomplished their object. 

The expedition started from this place and Hilton Head on the after- 
noon of the 21st. On the 22nd our forces landed and advanced about 
five miles when the first fighting commenced. Twice were the rebels 
driven from their positions. At the third position our ammunition gave 
out, and our forces were obliged to retire, which they did in remarkably 
good order. Our artillery captured one wagon of the rebel's ammuni- 
tion, and fired the ammunition at ihem as long as it lasted. The fight- 
ing continued from about 12 o'clock until dusk of the evening. They 
returned last night, 23d inst. The forces engaged from Beaufort were 
portions of the 55th and 47th Penn., 6th Conneciicut, 4tli New Hamp- 
shire, the 1st Massacliusetts Cavalry and Rhode Island Battery, under 
command of Brigadier General Brannan. 

The entire loss of our forces will amount to about 300 in killed and 
wounded, though it may fall as low as 200, but certainly not more than 
three hundred. 

The 47th Pennsylvania were the severest sufferers, as their loss out of 
GOO engaged, will amount to about 120 in killed and wounded. They 
pushed forward with the impetuosity of tried veterans. 

The loss of the 55th P. V., is 20 in killed, wounded and missing. — 
Four were killed, 24 wounded, and 1 missing, also wounded. 

But the saddest loss falls upon Co. E, of Minersville, Schuylkill Co. 
Captain Horace C. Bennett, sou of Mr. D. R. Bennett, of Woodside, fell 
near the close of the battle, having received a ball in the abdomen. — 
Captain Bennett, is sincerely mourned by his Company, as he was uni- 
versally^ loved. His death has in fact, caused a gloom throughout the 
Regiment, as it will among his friends at home, especially upon his par- 
ents. He was but 23 years of age, but bold, brave and courageous. 
Fear never troubled him, and he stood boldly up before the terrible fire 
of the enemy unflinchingly and unawed. He was the only commis- 
sioned othcer killed in the Regiment. None of theiothers are toucheJ. 
The mortality seems to have been particularly severe among the non- 
commissioned officers. Below I give you a list of the killed and wound- 
ed in Co. E, Capt. Eennett : 

KiLLKD — Capt. H. C. Bennett. 

Wounded — Ord. Sergt. Winfield Benseman, Sergt. George P. Parry, 
Corp. John Magee, Thomas P. Magee. 



Battle Narratives. 435 

battle of port royal, s. c. 
In this battle, fought January 1, 1862, the Fiftieth Penna. Re- 
giment, Col B. C. Christ, participated. His official report is as 
follows : 

Beaufort, S. C, Jan. 2, 18(32. 
Capt, H. Stevens, A. A. G. : — 

Sir : I respectfully submit the following : — According to Special Or- 
der, No. — , 1 left our encampment at Beaufort at 5 J o'clock, P. M., 
Dec. 81st, 1861, with four companies of my command, viz : C, E, F and 
K, and proceeded along the Shell Road in the direction of Port Royal 
Ferry, to the Cross Roads, where I was joined by companies D and H. 
We then proceeded along the Shell^Road to the six-mile post, where we 
bivouacked until 21 o'clock, A. jM.,*Jan. 1, 1862, when I again took up 
my line of march, under the direction of a guide, to a point on Brick 
Yard Creek. From this latter point I was ordered by the General Com- 
manding to a peint called the "Brick Yard," on the upper end of Port 
Royal Island, and as soon as boats were furnished me, to push across 
Coosaw River, and land at the "Adams' House," where I arrived at 12^ 
o'clock, P. M., and immediately formed a junction with companies A, 
B, G and I, under command of Lieut. -Col. Brenholtz, who had reached 
this point from Beaufort by boats. The whole Regiment then took their 
position in centre of the Brigade, and proceeded with it, under heavy 
cannonading of the enemy, over a narrow causeway, and along a road 
leading to the Fort at Port Royal Ferry. When within three-quarters of 
a mile of the Fort, I was ordered, with the right wing of my command, 
on to the enemy's right, with a view to support Col. Fenton, of the 8th 
Michigan, who was gallantly leading his command in the face of a bat- 
tery, on the enemy's left. I accordingly moved forward, taking the pre- 
caution to throw out small skirmishing parties, the better to watch the 
movements of the enemy, and to guard against surprise. After moving 
forward about three hundred yards, my advance was fired upon by the 
enemy from the wood on our left. I called in my skirmishers, and im- 
mediately put my command on double-quick, until within a good musket 
range, when I discovered from 400 to 500 of the enemy forming in line 
of battle, and evidently preparing to give us a warm reception. I, how- 
ever, anticipated his movement, and before his line was completed, mine 
was formed and ready for action. I immediately commenced firing, and 
I believe, with telling effect, for, at the third volley, the enemy broke 
and beat a hasty retreat towards the wood. I again rapidly pushed for- 
ward, with a view to cut off his retreat, and prevent a junction with 
their main body, when I was arrested in my further progress by shells 
from our gun-boats, which now. came pouring in among them, making 
sad havoc in their already decimated ranks. After firing one more vol- 
ley at their broken and disordered ranks, we retired about 200 yards out 
of the range of the guu-boats, and were subsequently ordered to take 
a position near the Fort, where we bivouacked for the night, and to-day, 
Jan. 2d, re-crossed the Coosaw, and reached our encampment at Beau- 
fort at 5 o'clock, P. M. 

Although the whole of my command were within range of the ene- 
my's cannon for a half hour, and a portion of them within one hundred 
yards of a detachment of his (the enemy's) infantry, and for some time 
sustained a heavy fire, I have no killed to report, and none wuonded, 
save M. Werdenhammer, of Co. E, a slight wound in the right foot, and 
Ensign Herbert, slightly wounded in the leg by a spent piece of shell. 
A piece of shell also struck the flagstaff, in the Ensign's hand. 



436 Battle I^Tarratives. 



I cannot close this report without expressing my decided approbation 
of the conduct of both officers and men of my command — to the officers, 
for anticipating almost every order, thereby rendering my portion of 
the work comparatively easy ; and to the men for their strict attention 
and prompt compliance with every command. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

B. C, Christ. 



BATTLE OF LEBANON, TENN., MAY 8, 1862. 
In this engagement the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, Col. G. 
C. Wynkoop, participated. The following is the Colonel's official 
report : 

May 5th, 1862. 
CArT. : 

Sir : I have the honor to report the result of the engagement with 
the enemy to day, as far as relates to my command. 

When within half a mile of the town, the advance guard of Wolford's 
Cavalry charged upon the pickets of the enemy, and drove them into 
the town of Lebanon; they were in return driven back. I then ordered 
my command to charge through the town, where we were exposed to a 
perfect shower of balls, fired from the windows and dilferent alleys in 
the square. After making four charges through the town, I, in ac- 
cordance with orders, went in pursuit of the enemy, who were escaping 
in force through alleys, and concentrating on the Rome Turnpike. I 
charged upon their rear, and pursued them for twenty miles, to the 
town of Carthage, killing and wounding many, and taking a large num- 
ber of prisoners, the enemy, some fifteen or twenty in number, with one 
horse, crossing the Cumberland River in a boat, and there being no 
other conveyance on this side, we were compelled to give up pursuit. 

I herewith give you the number of my command: Co. L, 30; Co. C, 
40 ; Co. E, 40 ; Co. K, 40 ; Co. G, 15 ; Co. B, 15— making a total of 180 
men. 

Killed, Wounded and Missing. 

Co. C, Henry Prime, killed. Wounded — Lieut. Greene and Private* 
Henry Howe and E. Verbeck. 

Co. E— Killed, H. Winklebleck and H. Kahler. 

Co. K— Killed, Corp. T. McGrank. Wounded, Lt. Taylor, and Priv- 
ates Caraher and Schreiber, missing. 

Co. L — Sergt. I. Reiley, killed, and three missing. 

It would be impossible to mention any special officer or private. All 
behaved with great coolness and bravery ; but I must not neglect to no- 
tice Capt. B. S. Dart, of Co. C, who was the only, commissioned officer 
who pursued the enemy to the river, the horses of the others having 
given out. Also, Adjt. R. F. Moson, for his bravery. He was on the 
right of the charging column in the town, and received a wound in the 
side, and some four miles out received another in the right arm, and yei 
kept on discharging his duty. Also, Sergt. Kingsley, who acted as co- 
lor-bearer, for his courage: He carried the colors in one hand, and hia 
Babre in the other. I regret to state that, in the early part of the en- 
gagement. Major J. Given was taken prisoner, by which I lost the aid 
of a valuable officer. (Signed) 

Gbo. C. Wynkoop, Col. 7th Pa. Cav. 



THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE REBELLION, 



1859. 

MAY. 

11. Southern Convention at Vicksburg, Miss. Eight States repre- 
sented. Resolutions in favor of opening the slave trade passed. 

JUNE. 

8. Slaveholders' Convention in Baltimore, Md. Every county repre- 
sented. 

OCTOBER. 

16. John Brown, fifteen white men and five negroes seize Harper's 
Ferry Arsenal. 

17. Militia and United States troops arrive at Harper's Ferry and 
besiege Brown and his men in the armory buildings. 

18. The armory captured by Colonel (afterwards the Rebel General) 
Lee. One marine and twelve of Brown's men, killed. Brown and four 
men taken prisoners. Two escape, but are re-captured. 

NOVEMBER. 

10. People of Charlestown, Va., excited by rumors of an attempt to 
rescue John Brown. Governor Wise calms their fears by guarding the 
place with a Richmond regiment. 

30. In the House of Representatives of South Carolina a resolution 
is offered that "South Carolina is ready to enter, together with other 
slaveholding States, or such as desire present action, into the formation 
pf a Southern Confederacy." 

DECEMBER. 
2. John Brown and two negroes hung. 

20. The medical students from Southern States in Philadelphia col- 
leges resolve to secede and join colleges in their own- States. 



I860. 

FEBRUARY. 

2, The trial of Stevens commenced at Harper's Ferry. 

^ MARCH. 

16. Stevens and Hazlitt hung at Charlestown, Va. 

APRIL. 

5. Scene in Congress between Messrs. Potter and Roger A. Pryor. 

L'o. The Democratic National Convention assembles at Charleston, S. C. 

30. The Cincinnati Platform rejected by the National Democratic Con- 
vention, and, uponthe adopting of a platform, the Southern delegatee 
secede. 

37 



MoS Chronological Ivfxord. 

MAY. 

4. Tlic National Democratic Convention adjonvns until June 18. 
9. The Constitutional Union Convention at Baltimore, nominates John 
Bell for President and Edward Everett for Vice. 

11. A scene in the House between Messrs. Thayer and Grow. 
IG. Tlie National Republican Convention assembles at Chicago. 

18. Tlie Republican Convention nominate Abraham Lincoln, of Il- 
linois, for President, and Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, for Vice. 

JUNE. 

I. ^Maryland prohibits the manumission of slaves. 

12. Tlie National Democratic Convention, meets at Richmond, and 
adjourns until the l!lst. 

18. The r>altimore Convention (Rell and Everett) re-assembles. 
20. Serious fight in the r>altimore Convention. 

23. The National Democratic Convention meets at Baltimore, and 
nominates Douglas and Johnson ; the secedcrs also meet, and nom- 
inate Breckinridge and Lane. 

AUGUST. 
16. A Douglas State Convention at Syracuse forms a Union ticket. 

OCTOBER. 
18. The Governor of South Carolina calls an extra session of the 
Legislature. 

NOVEMBER. 

G. Abraham Lincoln elected President, and Hannibal Hamlin Vice- 
President : Lincoln and Hamlin, 108 electoral votes; Bell and Everett, 
39 ; Breckinridge and Lane, 72 : Douglas and John&on, 12. 

10. Bill introduced in South Carolina Legislature to raise and equip 
10,000 volunteers, .lames Chestnut, Senator from South Carolina, re- 
signs. South Carolina Legislature orders the election of a convention 
to consider the question of Secession. 

II. Senator Hammond, of South Carolina, resigns. 

14. Alex. II. Stephens speaks at Milledgeville, Ga., in opposition to 
Secession, but favored a State Convention. 

15. Senator Toombs speaks for Secession at Milledgeville, Ga. Gov. 
Letcher, of Virginia, calls an extra session of the Legislature. Senator 
Toombs speaks in opposition to Mr. Stephens, and Mr. Stephens in a 
few days after gave in his adhesion to rebellioji. Great public meeting 
at Mobile, and adoption of the famous Declaration of Causes for Se- 
cession. 

17. Great Secession meeting in (Charleston. 

18. Georgia Legislature votes $1,000,000 to arm the State, and order? 
the election of a convention. Major Anderson ordered to Fort Moultrie 
to relieve Col. Gardiner ordered to Texas. 

19. Gov. Moore orders an extra session of the Louisiana Legislature. 

20. 22, 23. General bank suspensions in Richmond, Baltimore, "Wash- 
ing;! on, Philadelphia, Trenton, and the Southern States. 

24. Vigilance Associations organized by citizens of Lexington Dis- 
trict, S. C. [This movement extended all over the South, and thousands 
of Northern men and women were driven out of the country with threats, 
and often with personal violence.] 

29. Vermont Legislature refuse, 12-3 to 58, to repeal the Personal 
Liberty bill. Mississippi Legislature votes to send commissionev& lo 
conferwith the authorities of the other slaveholding States. 



Chronological Record. 439 



DECEMBEP; 

1. Florida Legislature votes to elect a convention. Great Secession 
meeting at Memphis. 

8. A John Brown anniversary meeting in Boston broken up. Meet- 
ing of Congress ; President Buchanan's message denies the right of Sq- 
eession ; it was fiercely attacked by Senator Ciingman of North Caroli- 
na, and defended by Crittentlen of Kentucky, 

4, The President sends Mr, Prescott to South Carolina, to ask a post- 
ponement of action until Congress could decide upon remedies. Mr. 
Iverson, of Georgia, made a disunion speech in the Senate, predicting 
the secession of five if not eight States before the kh of March, 

5. Election for delegates in South Carolina. All the candidates werQ 
immediate secessionists. 

10, Howell Cobb, Secretary of the Treasury, resigns. Senator 
Clay, of Alabama, also resigns. Louisiana Legislature met in extra 
■session, voted to electa convention, and appropriated $-300,000 to and 
the State. General debate begins in Congress on the state of the nation. 
It very soon became apparent, from speeches of Iverson, Wigfall and 
otlier Southerners, that the Secessionists did not want and would not 
have any compromise, 

l-j. Great Union demonstration in Philadelphia. Extra session of 
the Cabinet on the question of reinforcing Fort Moultrie ; the President 
opposes it, and carries his point. 

li.-"- Lewis Cass, Secretary of State, resigned because the President 
would not sen-d reinforcements South. 

17, South Carolina convention assembles. Gov, Pickens takes ground 
for immediate secession, 

18, The famous Crittenden Compromise introduced. It was this : 
To renew the Missouri line of 86° 80^; prohibit slavery north and per- 
mit it south of that line ; admit new States with or without slavery, as 
their constitutions provide ; prohibit Congress from abolishing slavery in 
States, and in the District of Columbia so long as it exists in Virginia 
or Maryland ; permit free transmission of slaves by land or water in 
any State ; pay for fugitive slaves rescued after arrest ; repeal the in- 
equality of commissioners' fees in Fugitive Slave Act,- and to ask the 
repeal of Personal Liberty Bills in the Northern States. These conces- 
sions to be submitted to the people as apaendments to the Constitution, 
and if adopted, never to be changed, Jacob Thompson, Secretary of 
the Interior, goes to Raleigh, to persuade the North Carolina Legislature 
to vote for secession, 

19, Senator Johnson of Tennessee, made a strong Union speech on 
Crittenden's bill. 

20,^ The Convention at Charleston passes the or:linance carrying South 
Carolina out of the Union, The Committee of 13 appointed in the 
Senate. Caleb Gushing reached Charleston with a message from Presi- 
dent Buchanan, guaranteeing that Major Anderson should not be rein- 
forced, and asking the Convention to respect the Federal laws. The 
Convention refused to make any promises, and Mr, C, returned after a 
stay of five hours, 

22. North Carolina Legislature adjourned, A bill to arm the State 
fails t© pass the House. The Crittenden proposition voted down in the 
committee of 13, 

23. The robbery of the Indian Trust Fund discovered at Washina-ton. 

24. Attempted removal of ordnance from the Arsenal at Pittsburg, 
Pa., prevented by the citizens. South Carolina Convention adopted'^a 



440 Chroxological Recorp. 



'•3>eclarftiioii of Causes for Succession, and formally perfecied the with- 
drawal of the State. An address to the slareholding States was adopted. 
Got. Moore orders a session of tlie Alabama Legislature Conxention 
elected in Alabama. Majority for Secession over 50,000, South Caro- 
lina members of Congress present their resignations. The Speaker 
■would not recognize them, aud tieir names were called through iTie 
session. 

25. South Carolina ConTention adopted resolutions to form a Con- 
federate Government of slareholding States. 

26. South Carolina Commissioners arrived in Washington. Fort 
Moultrie evacuated bv Major Robert Andei^son. who retires with his 
troops — about SO men — ^to Fori Sumrer. -_ 

27. Got. Magofin called an extra session of the Keniucty Legisla- 
ture. Major Anderson's movement created intense excitement ; troops 
were ordered out in Charleston, and aid was tendered from Georgia and 
other States. Revenue Cutter Aiken ireaeherously suirendered by Capt. 
M- L. Coste to the Souti Carolina authorities. 

28. South Carolina seized the Citstom House. Post Office, and Arsenal 
&t Charleston, and occupied Castle Pinknev and Fort Moultrie. 

29. John B. Floyd. Secretary of War. resigns. The South Carolina 
Commissioners formally sought an audience of the President. He re- 
plied next day. refusing to receive them. 

31. South Carolina adopted an oath of abjuration and •ilegianee. 
and sent Commissioners to the other Slave States, with a view to the 
formation of a Sosithern Confederacv. 



18 6 1. 

JA^rUAEY. 

2. Gov. Ellis, of North Carolina, took po3session of Fort Maeon. at 
Beaufort., the works at Wilmington, and the United States Arsenal at 
Fayeiieville. Georgia troops in possession of Fort Pulaski and Jackson, 
and the U. S. Arsenal at Savannah. 

S. The Critt-enden compromise resolutions offered in the Senate. 
South Carolina Commissioners wrote an insulting letter to the President, 
and went home. 

4. Fort Morgan, Mobile Harbor, seized by Siate troops. 

5. The Postmaster at Charleston refuses to make returns to the U. S. 
Government. The Star of the West chartered and sent to Fort Sum- 
ter to reinforce Major Anderson. 

7. Senator Toombs, of Georgia, made a violent Secession speech in 
the Senate. 

8. Forts Johnson and Caswell, N. C, seized by rebels. Secretary 
Thompson resigns from the Interior liepartment. 

9. Mississippi secedes. The first guji of the rebellion fired : the forts 
on Morris Island fire on the Star of the We^il, and she puts to sea. 

10. The steamer Jos^-h Whitney leaves Boston with reinforcements 
for the troops at Pensaeola. Fla. General John A. I'ix made Secretary 
of the Treasury. Florida secedes. 

11. Alabama secedes. U. S. Arsenal at Baton Rouge. Forts Philip 
and Jackson, below Zsew Orleans, and Fori Pickens, on Lake Ponchar- 
train, seized by Louisiana. 

12. The Pensaeola Navy Yard seized by rebels and the cutter Lexris 
Cass seized at New Orleans. 



Chronological Hecord. 441 



13. Lieut. Slemmer of Pennsylvania, in command of Fort Pickens, 
refused to surrender, and saved that important fortress to the Union. 

14. The Senators from Mississippi -withdraw from Congress, South 
Carolina Legislature declared that any attempt to reinforce Fort Sumter 
would be an act of war. 

15. The coast survey steamer Dana seized at St. Augustine, Fla, 

16. The Crittenden Compromise practically voted down in the United 
States Senate, by the adoption of Mr, Clarke's substitute, that the Con- 
stitution is good enough, and Secession ought to be put down. Col. 
Hayne, in the name of Gov. Pickens, demanded of the President the 
surrender of Fort Sumter. The President refused to receive him in any 
ofi&cial capacity. 

17. Batteries commanding the Mississippi erected at Ticksburg. 

18. Virginia Legislature appropriated §1,000,000 for the defense of 
the State. 

10. Georgia secedes. Fort Xeale, at Little Washington, X. C, cap- 
tured by the rebels. 

20, The Fort at Ship Island captured by the rebels, 

21, The Alabama delegation in Congress leave. Fort Neale, at Little 
Washington, X. C, retaken by a party of sailors. 

22, Seizure in New York of muskets intended for Savannah. 

23, Georgia members of Congress resigned. 

24, The arsenal at Augusta, Ga., seized by State troops, 
26, Louisiana secedes. 

30. North Carolina Legislature calls a State Convention to meet Feb- 
ruary 28. The forts on the Tortugas reinforced. Ex-Secretary Floyd 
indicted by a Grand Jury for malfeasance and conspiracy. Revenue 
Cutter McClelland, Capt. Breshwood, surrendered to the Louisiana au- 
thorities by its commander. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. The Charlestonians prepare to besiege Fort Sumter. Texas passes 
the Ordinance of Secession. Mint and Custom House at New Orleans 
seized by the State authorities. 

2, The gold in the New Orleans Mint seized by the State, 

4. The Peace Congress assembles at Washington. The Southern 
States convene at Montgomery, Ala. Slidell and Benjamin, of Louisiana, 
leave the Senate, The Virginia election for delegates to a convention 
results in nineteen-twentieihs in favor of L'nion. 

8. Col, Hayne, Commissioner from South Carolina, unable to get re- 
cognition, finally left Washington, Gov. Brown, of Georgia, seized New 
York ships in Savannah Harbor, in retaliation for the seizure of arms in 
New York. The ships were released on the 10th. Little Rock Arsenal 
surrendered to Arkansas, 

9, .Jefferson Davis elected President and Alexander H. Stephens, 
Vice-President of the Southern Confederacy by the Convention at Mont- 
gomery, Ala., which also adopts the Constitution of the United States as 
its Constitution, At the Tennessee election, a large majority is given 
in favor of L'nion. 

11. President Lincoln started for Washington, 

13, Electoral vote counted — Lincoln and Hamlin officially declared 
elected, 

18, Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederate States 
of America. Twiggs surrenders the military posts in Texas to Van 
Dorn. 



442 Chronological Recori?. 

19. Fort Kearney, Kan., taken by Secessionists ; soon after retaken. 

21. Jeff. Davis appointed his Cabinet — Toombs, Sec. State; Mem- 
minger, Treasury, and L. P. Walker, War. Governor of Georgia made 
another seizure of New York vessels. 

22. President Lincoln's night journey from Ilarrisburg to Washing- 
ton, in order to prevent an anticipated outrage in Baltimore. 

25. News received of the surrender and treason of Maj.-Gen. Twiggs 

in Texas. 

26. Capt. Tlill refused to surrender Fort Brown, Tex., under Twiggs' 

order. 

27. Peace Congress submitted to the Senate their Plan of Pacification. 

28. Vote on Corwin's report from the Committee o-f 33 ; the resolu- 
tions adopted — 136 to 53. 

MARCH. 

1. Gen. Twiggs expelled from the army, 

4. Inauguration of President Lincoln. Texas State Convention de- 
clared that State out of the Union. 

5. Gen. Beauregard ordei'ed to take command of the rebels at 
Charleston. 

6. Fort Brown surrendered by special agreement. 
18. Supplies cut off from Fort Pickens, Pensacola. 

28. Vote of Louisiana on Secession publishetl — For^ 20,448; Against, 

17,290. ^, . . 

30. Mississippi Convention ratified the Confederate Constitution — 

78 to 7. 

xVPPJL. 

3. South Carolina Convention ratified the Confederate Constitution — 

114* to 16. , , . ^ . 

4. Virginia Convention refused, 89 to 4o, to submit a becession or- 
dinance to the people. . , , .-, . • ^ 

7. Gen. Beauregard notified Major Anderson that intercourse between 
Sumter and the city would no longer be permitted. Steam transport 
Atlantic sailed from New York with troops and supplies. 

8. Official notification given that supplies would be sent to Maj. An- 
derson, by force, if necessary. 

9. Steamers Illinois and Baltic sailed from New lork with sealed 

10. " Flonting battery of the rebels at Charleston finished and mount- 
ed Large numbers of troops sent to the various for'ifications. 

11 Fears of the seizure of Washington. Troops posted in the Cap- 
itol—oath of fidelity administered to the men. Confederats Commis- 
sioners left Washington, satisfied that no recognition of their govern- 
ment would take place under President Lincota. Beauregard demands 
of Mai. Anderson the surrender of Fort Sumter. The Major declined. 
Bids for Treasury Notes opened— whole amount taken at a premium. 

12 Actual Commencement of War. Bombardment of Fort Sumter be- 
jran'at 4 30 A. M., and continued all day ; partially suspended at night- 
fall ' The rebels had in action 17 mortars and 30 large guns, mostly co- 
lumbiads The rebels fired at intervals all night; Sumter was silent. 
Pennsylvania Legislature voted $500,000 to arm the State. Fort Pickens 

rein 01 ce^^^ gutter opened fire about 7, A. M. At 8 o'clock the officers' 
Quarters were fired by a shell. At 10 o'clock a chance shot struck down 
the flacr At noon most of the woodwork of the fort was on fire ; men 



Chronological Record. 443 

rolled out 90 barrels of powder to prevent explosion. Sumter's fire al- 
most silenced ; the flames forced the destruction of nearly all the pow- 
der ; cartridges were gone and none could be made. About 1, P. M., tlie 
flagstaif was shot away, when the flag was nailed to the piece, and' dis- 
played from the ramparts. Senator Wigfall now came with a flag of 
truce, arrangements were made for evacuating the fort, and at 12.55^ P. 
M., the shot-riven flag was hauled down, the garrison departed upon 
honorable terms, taking their flag, arms and private property. No man 
was hurt in the fort during action, and the rebels say that none were 
killed on their side. 

14. Major Anderson and his men left Fort Sumter, and sailed for 
New York. 

15. The President's proclamation issued, calling for 75,000 Volun- 
teers, and commanding the rebels to return to peace within 20 days. 
Extra session of Congress called. 

IG, 17, etc. General uprising in the North. Proclamations, military 
orders, voting men and money, the order of the day. In the principal 
cities mobs visited newspapers and firms suspected of disloyalty, and 
compelled them to raise the Stars and Stripes. Legislatures not in ses- 
sion were called together ; banks offered loans to the Government ; great 
public meetings were held ; Union badges worn by everybody. 

17. Pirst troops left Schuylkill County, Pa., and reached Ilarrisburg 
in the evening — AVashington Artillery, Capt. James Wren, and National 
Light Infantry, Capt. Edward McDonald. Virginia Secession ordinance 
passed in secret session, CO to 53 — to be submitted to the people. Gov. 
Letcher recognized the Southern Confederacy by proclamation. Mas- 
sachusetts Sixth Regiment started for AVashington. 

18. Four hundred and eighty Pennsylvania Volunteers — "Washington 
Artillerists and National Light Infantry of Pottsville, Pa. ; Ringgold Ar- 
tillerists, of Reading, Pa., Logan Guards, of Lewistown, Pa., and Allen 
Rifles of Allentown, Pa., passed through Ealtimore exposed to the as- 
sault of a secession mob ; reached Washington in the evening, and were 
quartered by Gen. McDowell in the Capitol building, being the first vol- 
unteers from the North to reach the National Capital for its defence. 

Major Anderson reached New York. Sixth Massachusetts pass New 
York. Lieut. Jones burned Harper's Ferry Arsenal to keep it from the 
rebels. Two of his men were killed by rebel shots. 

19. Rebels, under Col, Van Dorn, seized the steamship Star of the 

West, off Indianola. Attack on the Sixth Massachusetts in Baltimore 

two killed and seven wounded. Baltimore in the hands of the mob. The 
Mayor and Governor informed the President that no more troops could 
pass through Baltimore without fighting their way. 

20. General Dix issues his order, "Whoever dares to pull down the 
American flag, shoot him on the spot." 

21. The Portsmouth, Va., Navy Yard and the vessels thereat destroy- 
ed by the rebels. 

22. Arsenals at Fayetteville, N. C, and Napoleon, Ark., seized by 
the rebels. 

23. John Bell turns rebel. First South Carolina Regiment started 
for the Potomac. 

24. Fort Smith, Ark., seized by the State troops. 

25. Maj. Sibley surrendered 440 U. S. troops to the rebel Col. Van 
Dorn at Saluria, Texas. 

26. Owing to the destruction of the railroad and telegraph lines com- 
munication is opened with Washington by water. Gov, Brown, of Geo., 



444 Chronological Eecord. 

prohibited the payment of debts due to Northern men, diverting the 
amount to the State Treasury. 

27. Numerous resignations of Southerners at Washington who refus- 
ed^to take the oalh. The blockade extended to North Carolina and Vir- 
ginia ports, 

29. The President orders an additional volunteer force, making loo,- 
000 men in all, and an increase of the regular army to 85,000. Mary- 
land Legislature repudiates Secession. 

30. The rebel Congress meets at Montgomery, Ala. Tennessee 

secedes. 

MAY. 

3. Gov. Letcher called out the militia to defend Virginia from the 
Northerners. President Lincoln called for 42,000 three years' vol- 

5. Gen. Butler, with a Union force, took possession of the Relay 
House, near Baltimore. 

6. Arkansas secedes. 

7. Arlington Heights, opposite Washington, seized by Virginians., 
Major AndeT-son accepted command of the Kentucky Volunteers. 

9. Lieut. -Col. Reeve and 813 men surrender to Van Dorn at San An- 
tonio, Texas. , c. t • 

10. Captain Lyon captures Frost's Brigade, in camp near St. Louis. 
The pirate Spraj/ captures the schooner Altvatcr, otf Apalachicola. Mob 
attack upon Volunteer Home Guards in St. Louis, the guard fired, 7 of 
the mob killed. Maj. Gen. Robert E. Lee put in command of the Rebel 
forces in Virginia. 

11. Blockade of Charleston established. 

13. General Butler occupies Baltimore, and travel through the city 
re-established. Queen Victoria issued a proclamation of neutrality. 

14. A schooner loaded with arms for the rebels seized in Baltimore. 
Ross Winans arrested. 

15. Gov. Hicks, of Maryland, called for volunteers under the Presi- 
dent's proclamation. 

16. Bridges on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad destroyed. Gen. 
Scott ordered the fortification of Arlington Heights. 

17. Secession spies arrested at Washington. Rebels fortify Harper's 
Ferry. Rebel Congress authorize the issue of Treasury Notes. 

19. Engagement between the SewaU's Point Battery and four gun- 
boats. Two wounded on our side. 

21. North Carolina secedes. 

22. Ship Island Fortifications destroyed to keep them from the rebels. 

24. General movement of troops into Virginia; the rebels evacuated 
Alexandria ; Col. Ellsworth shot by the rebel Jackson, landlord of the 
Marshall House, Alexandria, from which" the Colonel had taken down a 
Secession flag ; .Jackson was instantly killed. Arlington Heights occu- 
pied by our troops. General Butler declares slaves- to be contraband of 

war. 

25. Our troops destroyed bridges on the Alexandria and Leesburg 
railroad. Ellsworth's funeral in Washington. 

26. Alexandria put under Martial Law. Western Virginia voted 
strongly for the Union. 

27. Chief Justice Taney's habeas corpus in the Merryman case dis- 
regarded by Gen. Cadwallader. Blockade of the Mississippi commenced. 
Brigadier General McDowell took command at Washington. Mobile 
blockaded. 



CURONOLOGICAL ReCORD. 445 

28. Gen. Butler advanced his forces to Newport News. Savannah 
blockaded. 

29. Jeff. Davis reached Richmond. Our troops advanced, towards 
Harper's Ferry, the rebels retire toward Martinsburg. 

30. Rebels fled from Grafton, Va. Col. Kelly took possession. Re- 
bels fell back from Williarasport, Md. Secretary Cameron declares 
slaves contraband of war. 

JUNE. 

I. Lieut. Tompkins, U. S. regular cavalry, with 47 men, charged 
through the rebels at Fairfax Court House, killed Capt. Marr and several 
others. Tompkins had 2 killed. 

o. Rebels routed at Phillippa, Va., by Col. Kelly, with a loss of 10 
killed and 10 prisoners ; 2 Union men were killed, and Col. Kelly was 
wounded. Senator Douglas died. Border State Convention met. 

6. The Harriet Lane engaged tlie Pig Point batteries. Capt. Ball's 
rebel cavalry captured at Alexandria, sworn and let go. 

8. Gen. Patterson's advance moved from Chambersburg toward Har- 
per's Ferry. 

10. Battle at Big Bet'iel : Union force under Gen. Pierce repulsed, 
14 killed, 45 wounded — Lieut. Greble and Major Winthrop killed. Reb- 
els say they had 17 killed. 

II. Col. Wallace surprised and routed 500 rebels at Romney, Va., 
killing 2, losing none. 

14, Rebels evacuated and burned Harper's Ferry, destroyed the 
railroad bridge, and took the armory machinery to Richmond. Mary- 
land Congress election showed a Union victory. 

15. Privateer Savannah arrived at New York, as a prize of U. S. brig 
Perry. Gen. Lyon occupied Jefferson City, Mo. Price retreated to 
Booneville. 

10. Skirmish at Seneca Mills, a Secession captain and 2 men killed. 

17. Western Virginia Convention unanimously voted its independence 
of the rebel section of the S(,ate. Street fight in St. Louis, 6 rebels kil- 
led. The surprise at Vienna, Va. ; rebels fire upon a railroad train, 
killing 8 Union soldiers, rebels killed. Battle of Booneville, Mo. : 
Gen. Lyon routed the rebels under Gens. Price and Jackson, about 50 
rebels killed. Lyon lost only 2. Gen. Patterson crossed the Potomac 
at Williamsport. 

20, Maj.-Gen. McClellan took command in Western Virginia. Wheel- 
ing Convention elected Frank H. Pierpont Governor of Virginia. 

22. Balloon reconnoissances commenced. 

24. Gov. Harris proclaimed Tennessee out of the Union, the vote of 
the people being for separation 104,019, against 47,238. 

25. Virginia Secession vote announced at 128,884 to 32,134 against. 

26. The President acknowledged the Wheeling government as the 
government of Virginia, Skirmish at Patterson's Creek, Va., 17 rebels, 
1 Union killed. 

27. Marshal Kane arrested in Baltimore. J. C. Fremont, arrived 
from Europe. Engagement between gunboats Freeborn and rebel bat- 
teries at Mathias Point ; Capt. Ward, of the navy, killed. 

29. Steamer St. Nicholas captured in the Potomac by the rebels, aided 
by Thomas, the "French lady." 

JULY, 

1, Fight at Buckhannon, Va., rebels routed, 23 killed, 200 prisoners. 
Skirmish at Falling Waters, Va. 



44G Chronological "Record. 



2. Engagement near Martinsbarg, Va., rebels routed, loss heavy; 
Union 3 killed. 

3. Arkansas called out 10,000 men to repel invasion. Rebel com- 
pany, 94 men, taken at Neosho, Mo. 

4. Congress met in extra session. Rebels seized Louisville and Nash- 
rille Railroad. 

5. Pi-esideut's message read ; opposition only G senators and 5 rep- 
presentatives. Battle of Carthage, Mo., rebels lost about 350 killed and 
wounded; Union loss 13 killed, 31 wounded — Col. Sigel commanded. 

G. Gallant fight of 4-3 men of 3d Ohio Reg"t at Middle York bridge, 
near Buckhaunon, cutting through an ambuscade of 200 or 300 rebels. 

7. Infernal machine found in the Potomac Battle at Brier Forks, 
near Carthage — drawn. 

8. Thomas, the "French Lady," taken in Baltimore. 

9. M ijor-General Fremont put in command of the Western Depart- 
ment. 

10. Battle at Laurel Hill, Va., a Georgia Regiment routed, loss un- 
known ; Union loss 1 killed. Sharp skirmish at Monroe Station, Mo., 
rebels driven off. 

11. Battle at Rich Mountain, Va., Gen. Rosecranz defeated Col. 
Pegrara. took all his camp equipage, killed GO and took many prisoners. 
Union loss 11 killed, 35 wounded. 

12. Col. Pegram surrendered to Gen. McClellan his whole force of 
GOO men. Union troops occupied Beverly. 

13. Battle of Carrickford, Va. ; Gen. Garnett, of Va., killed; Union 
loss light — rebel h&avy ; rebel power in Western Vii'ginia broken. Fair- 
fax (yourt House occupied. 

15. Skirmish at Bunker Hill, Va., rebels routed. 

IG. Skirmish at Millville, Mo., rebels fire into a train of cars. Battle 
at Barboursville, Va., rebels defeated. Tighlman, a negro, killed three 
of a rebel prize crew on the schooner S. J. Waring, and brought the ves- 
igel into New York. 

17. Skirmish at Fulton, Mo., rebels driven back with loss. 

18. First Battle of Bull Run, at Blackburn's Ford, between Union 
troops under Gen. Tyler and vhe rebels under Gen. Beauregard ; after 
3 hours hard fighting. Gen. Tyler ordered his men to fall back to Centre- 
ville for water for horses. Union loss 19 killed, 38 wounded, 2G missing, 
rebel loss (Beauregard's report,) 15 killed, 53 wounded. 

21. Balde'of Bull Run. — After a severe fight of over six houi's, when 
the Union ti-oops had nearly won the field, and the enemy almost dis- 
heartened, the rebels were reinforced by Johnson's army from Winches- 
ter, who threw themselves en masse on our right. The suddenness and 
strength of this onset on our exhausted forces, and in the midst of the 
security felt on a field so nearly won, was sufficient to create disorder, 
which, in spite of all the efforts of the officers, resulted finally in a pa- 
nic. The Union forces engaged did not exceed 20,000, while that of the 
rebels wa?, according to their own accounts, 40,000 on the field and about 
25,000 ill reserve at Manassas .Junction. Our loss in killed, wounded, 
and missing, was reported by Gen. McDowell at 2,708 ; that of the ene- 
my, admitted by tliemselves, at 1,002. After the battle Colonel Einstein, 
with the 27th Pennsylvania, brought off six pieces of artillery which 
had been abandoned in the retreat. 

22. General McClellan ordered to the command of the Army of the 
Potomac. 

23 — 30. Three months' men return home. 



CllRONOLCGECAL BECORDr 447 



AUGUST. 

1. Gen. McClellan begins the reorganization of the army. Rebels 
leave Harper's Ferry. 

2. War tax and tariff bill passed Congress — -500, 000 men to be raised. 
Battle of Dug Spring. Mo., Gen. Lyon defeated Ben McCuUoch's force — - 
rebel loss, 40 killed, 44 wounded ; Union loss, 8 killed, 30 wounded. 
Fort Fillmore, New Mexico, traitorously surrendered by IMajor Lynde, 
wbo bad 750 men. 

5. ]3attle.of Athens, Mo., rebels defeated, losing 40 killed. 

7. Village of Hampton burned by the rebels under Gen. Magruder. 

10. Battle of WiUoiis Creek. — Fought near Springfield, Mo., between 
the Union forces under Gen. Lyon, and the rebels under Ben. McCulloch. 
Gen. Lyon, placing himself at the hend of the 1st Iowa, whose officers 
had been disabled, was instantly killed by a rifle ball in the breast. — 
The Union loss was 1,235 killed, wounded and missing. The Confed- 
erate loss was officially stated at 421 killed and 1,300 wounded. 

12. Ex-Minister Faulkner arrested. 

13. Battle near Grafton, Va., — 21 rebels killed — no Union loss, 

14. Fremont declared martial law in Missouri. 

15. Davis ordered all Northern men to leave the South in 40 days. 

16. The President issued a proclamation confiscating the property of 
•rebels. 

18. The pirate Jejf. Davis wrecked on St. Augustine Bar, Fla. 

19. A battle at Charlestown, Mo., — rebels defeated. Missouri ad- 
mitted into the Southern Confederacy. 

26. Captain Foote (afterward Admiral,) of the North Carolina, or 
dered to the "Western fleet. Engagement at Cross Lane, Va., the rebela 
defeated. 

28. Commodore Stringham's fleet opens fire on Fort Clark, Hatteras 
Inlet, and reduces it. 

29. Forts Hatteras and Clark, N. C, surrender to Commodore String- 
ham and General Butler, with Commodore Barron, rebel navy and G94 
prisoners. 

30. Fort Morgan, at Ocracoke Inlet, N. C, abandoned by the rebels. 

SEPTEMBER. 

I. Fight at Boone Court House, Va., — rebel loss 80, village burned. 

3. ^Massacre on Hannibal and St. Joseph railroad, rebels having 
burned the Platte bridge — 17 lives lost. 

10. Battle of Carnifex Ferry, Va., Gen. Rosecranz defeated the re- 
bels under Floyd, — Union loss 15 killed, 80 wounded ; rebel loss heav}-. 

II. Skirmish at Lewinsville, Va., considerable rebel loss — Union loss 
6 killed, 8 wounded. The President modified Gen. Fremont's emancipa- 
tion proclan)^tion. 

12. Fight at Cheat Mountain, Va., Col. .John A. Washington, rebel, 
proprietor of Mount Vernon, killed — r^ bel loss about 40, Union 10. 
14. The pirate Judith destroyed in Pensacola Harbor. 

16. General Dix arrests the officers and members of the Maryland 
Legislature, and sends them to Fort McHenry. 

17. Bridge broke on the Ohio and Mississij^pi railroad, and nearly 
100 of the Illinois 19th killed and wounded. 

20. Surrender of Col. Mulligan, at Lexington, Mo., after four days' 
struggle with 2,500 men against 26.000 rebels under Gen. Price. 

21. John C. Breckinridge joins the rebels. 



448 Chronological Becorb. 



26, The first national fast day under President Lincoln's admin- 
istration. 

28. Munson's Hill occupied by Union troops. 

29. Baker's California regiment and Baxter's Philadelphia Volun- 
teers mistook each other for rebels at Fall's Church, and tired, killing 
15 and wounding 30. 

OCTOBER. 

2. Fight at Chapmansville, Va., rebels lost 60 killed and 70 prison- 
ers ; attacked again on their retreat and lose 40. 

8. Battle of Grreenbriar, Va., rebels defeated with loss — Union loss 
slight. Rebels evacuate Lexington, Mo. 

4. Rebels under Col. Bartow, attack the 20th Indiana near Hatteras, 
narrow escape of our regiment. 

5. Steamer Monticello shelled the rebel troops under Bartow, and 
drove them with greot slaughter, to their boats. 

9. "Billy" Wilson's camp on Santa Rosas Island, Fla., attacked by 
the rebels, but the enemy is driven off ; — Union loss 13 killed and 21 
wounded. 

13. Skirmishes at Beckwith and Tavern Creek, Mo. — many rebels 
taken, 

15. Jeff. Thompson captured 50 Union troops at Potosi, Mo. Battle 
of Linn Creek, Mo.— the rebels defeated. 

10. Recapture of Lexington, Mo., by a small Union force under Maj. 
White, Col. Geary routed the rebels at Bolivar, near Harper's Ferry. 
Sharp skirmish at Ironton, Mo. ; — rebels defeated — losing 38, Union 
loss 11. 

21. Battle of Edward's Ferry. Gen. Stone's division of 1,500 men 
attacked b}' double their number, during a reconnoisance on the Poto- 
mac. After a fierce contest, the Union men were driven back, and re- 
crossed in' confusion, a great number being drowned. Senator Baker 
was killed while leading the California Brigade. The Union loss was 
heavy, reaching in all several hundred. The rebels also lost heavily. 
Battle of Wild Cat, Ky., — the rebels under ZoUicoffer defeated by Gen. 
Shoepf — an important victory. Battle at Fredericktown, Mo., — rebels 
under Jeff'. Thompson and Gen. Lowe defeated, and Lowe killed. Rebel 
loss 200 to 300— Union loss 30. 

22. Rebel camp at Buffalo Mills, Mo., broken up — 17 killed and 90 
prisoners taken. 

25. Rebels routed at Romne\% Va., and many prisoners taken by 
Gen. Kelly. The rebels retreated to Winchester. 

26. Gallant charge of Major Zagonyi, with a portion of Fremont's 
body guard, through a rebel force of 2,000 at Springfield, Mo. The 
rebels signally defeated, and many of them killed. Union loss about 
15 killed, 

29. The great naval expedition sailed from Fortress M«nroe, Com. 
Dupont in command ; land forces under Gen. Sherman. About 80 ves- 
sels and 15,000 men. - 

30. The State prisoners sent from Fort Lafayette, N. Y,, to Fort 
Warren, Boston. 

NOVEMBER. 

1. Lieutenant General Scott resigned the command-in-chief of the 
Union armies. Gen. jMcClellan appointed in his place. The rebels un- 
der Floyd, attempt to capture Rosecranz's army at Gauley Bridge, Va., 
but fail, and Floy<l only saved himself by a precipitate flight. 



Chronological Record. 449 



2. Maj. Gen. Fremont removed from liis command. 

3. Rising of Union men in East Tennessee, who burn or break dowu 
several important railroad bridges. 

7. The Union fleet capture Forts Y\^alker and Beaurogfvrd at Tort 
Royal entrance, take the town of Beaufort, and command ililton Island 
and the harbor. The fleet consisted of 73 vessels in all; Union loss 
only 8 killed and 6 badly wounded ; rebel loss unknown, but not large. 

8. Battle of Belmont, Afo., where, after a sharp contest of 6 hours, 
the Union troops retired to their boats before large reinforcements of 
the other side from Columbus, Ky. Loss large and about equal on both 
sides. Battle at Pikeville, Ky. ; rebels defeated. 

10. Kebel foray upon Guyandottc, with (he intention of slaughtering 
the Union men, but the rebels were driven oiF and the village burned. 

11. Maj. Gen. Halleck succeeds Fremont in command of the Vv'esteru 
Department. 

15. Frigate San Jacinto arrived at Fortress Monroe, bringing Mason 
and Slidell, rebel commissioners to Europe, as prisoners, Com. Wilkes 
having taken them from the English mail steamer Trent in the Bahama 
•channel. 

19. The Missouri rebel State Legislature pass an ordinance of Se- 
cession. 

* 2o. Fort Pickens and the fleet bombard the rebels near Pensacola, 
and burn the Navy Yard and much of the village of Warrenton. 
24. Mason and Slidell placed in Fort Warren. 

28. Union forces occupy Tybee Island. 

29. News of the full occupation of Ship Island by Union troops. 

DECEMBER. 

2. Meeting of Congress. 

4. John.C. Breckinridge expelled from the Senate by a unanimous 
vote. 

7. Skirmish near Dam No. 5 on the Potomac — rebels driven off, losing 
12 men. Gen. Butler's expedition arrived at Port Royal. 

9. Congress takes measures to effect an exchange of prisoners. Mr. 
Gurley's confiscation bill introduced. 

11, Part of the Stone Fleet sailed from Boston. Great fire at Charles- 
ton, half the business part of the city destroyed. 

13. First military execution in the Union army ; a deserter named 
Johnson shot. Battle at Camp Alleghany, Va. ; five Union regiments, 
under Gen. Milroy, had a sharp fight with the rebels, under Col. Johr- 
son — Union loss, 21 killed, 107 wounded — rebel loss supposed over 2( J 
killed. The battle was suspended at night, and the rebels ran away be- 
fore morning. 

17. Battle at Mumfordville, on Green River, Ky., — rebels defeated, 
33 killed, 50 wounded; Union loss, 10 killed, 17 wounded. Gen. Pope 
captured 300 rebels near Osceola, Mo. 

18. Gen, Pope surprised a rebel camp nea.r Martinsburg, and took 
1,300 prisoners, including 3 colonels and 17 captains, and all their camp 
stores and equipage ; Union loss, 2 killed — rebel loss not known. About 
2,500 rebels taken in three days. 

20. Battle at Drainesville. Va. , in which the Union troops under Gen, 
McCall signally defeat the rebels ; 57 dead and 22 wounded rebels left 
on the field ; Union loss, 7 killed, about 40 wounded. 

27. Mason and Slidell surrendered to the Briti.«h Minittcr. 

38 



450 Chronological Record. 

18 6 2. 

JANUARY. 

1. Mason and S'lidell left Fort Warren for England. Cannon fight at 
Fort Pickens. 

7. Ex-Governor Moorliead. of Kentucky, released from Fort Warren. 
Rebels routed at Blue's Gap, Va.. witli a loss of 15 killed, and 20 pris- 
oners. 

10. Waldo P. Johnson and Truptcn Polk, of Missouri, expelled froni 
ihe U. S. Senate. 

12. Burnside's advance sailed from Fortres^s Monroe. 

13. Secretary Cameron resigned. Edwin M. Stanton appointed. 

17. Burnside arrives at Hatterns. 

18. Gunboat reconnoisance up the Tennessee River. 

19. Battle of Mill Springs, Ky. ; rebel 3en. Zollikoff'er killed ; rebel 
loss, 115 killed, 116 -wounded, 150 prisoners ; Union loss, 39 killed, 208 
wounded. This battle was the first of a series of brilliant victories in 
the West. 

28. Stone fleet sunk in the channels of Charleston harbor. 

FEBRUARY. 

3. Rebel steamer Nashville ordered to leave Southampton harbor; 
the U. S. steamer Tuscarora endeavors to follow, but is stopped by an 
English frigate. 

4. Jesse D. Bright expelled from the U. S. Senate. 

6. Fort Henry captured, — Rebel loss 70. 

7. Gen. Lander's Union forces occupy Romney, Va. 

7-8. Battle of Roanoke Island. Union loss 35 killed, 200 wounded ; 
rebel loss, 16 killed, 39 wounded. We captured 3000 prisoners, 6 forts, 
42 guns, 3000 stands of small arms. 

10, Elizabeth City, Va., surrendered to Burnside's forces- 

13. Springfield, INIo,, taken by the Unionists, 

15. Bowling Green evacuated by the rebels. 

16. Capture of Fort Donelson ; rebel Generds Buckner and Tighl- 
man taken and 15,000 men. Floyd and Pillow with 5000 men escaped. 

17. Battle at Sugar Creek, Ark. 

19. Clarkesville, Tenn., taken by Com. Foote. 

20. Winton, N. C, burned by Union forces, 

22. Jeff". l)avis inaugurated at Richmond. 

23. Rebels evacuate Nashville, Tenn, Gen. Curtis captures Fayette- 
ville. Ark. Gen. Buell occupies Gallatin, Tenn. 

27. Rebels evacuate Columbus, Ky. 

28. Charlestown, \'a., occupied by Union troops. 

MARCH. 

2. Gen. Fred. W. Lander died. Gunboat fight at Pittsburg, Tenn. 

3. Union troops occupy Columbus, Ky. General Banks occupies 
Martinsburg. Engagement at New Madrid, Mo, 

5. Beauregard takes command of the Mississippi army, 

6-8. Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. ; Union loss, 212 killed, 926 wound- 
ed, 174 missing. Rebels routed with heavy loss. 

8-9. Attack on our fleet by the rebel steamer Merrimac ; frigate 
Cumberland sunk, and frigate Congress surrendered. 

9. Point Pleasant, Mo., taken by Unionists. 



Chronological Record. 451 



11. Gen. McClellan relieved of chief-comniand. 

12. Jacksonville, Fla., occupied by Union troops. Winchester, Va., 
occupied by Gen. Banks, 

14. Battle of Newbern, N. C, Union loss, 90 killed, 100 wounded.— 
New Madrid, Mo., evacuated by tb* rebels. 

IG. Rebels defea^ted at Cumberland Mountain. 

21. Gen. Butler arrives at Skip Island. Gen. Burnside takes posses- 
«ion of Washington, N. C. 

23. Battle of Winchester, Va. — Union loss, 115 killed, 450 wounded, 
llebei loss, 8G9 killed, wounded and missing. Fort Macon invested. 

28. Battle near Santa Fe, N. M. Union loss, 20 killed, 54 wounded, 
35 prisoners- rebel loss, 150 killed, 200 wounded, £)3 prisoners- 

APRIL. 

■2. Unionists oectjpy Thoroughfare Gap. 

3. Apalachjcola possessed by Union forces. 

0. Battle of Piitsburg Landing or Shiloh ; rebel Gen. A. S. Johnston 
killed. Union loss, 1,614 killed, including Gen. W. II. L. Wallace, 7,721 
wounded, 3,9G5 missing and prisoners. Rebel loss net known, thej left 
SOO'O dead on the field. 

7. Surrender of Island, No. 10. 

10. Bombardment and surrender of Fort Pulaski. 

11. Huntsville, Ala., occupied by Gen. Mitchell. 

16. Engagement at Lee's Mills, near Yorktown, 

17. Gen. Banks occupies New Market and Mount Jackson, Va. 

18. Rebels repulsed in a night attack upon Union troops at York- 
iiOWD. Bombardment «f Forts Jackson and St. Philip, below New Or- 
leans. 

19. Battle at Camden, N. C. 

24. Dismal Swamp Canal destroyed- Union fleet mn past Forts 
Jaokson and St. Philip, the Union gunboat Varinna sunk. Great destruc- 
tion of property at New Orleans by the rebels. 

25. New Orleans evacuated by the rebels. Fort Macon surrendered. 

27. The Union flag raiJfed at New Orleans. Skirmish, near New- 
foern, N. C. 

28. Forts Jackson and St. Philip surrendered., 

29. Rebels routed at Bridgeport, Ala. 

MAY. 

S. Gen. Mitchell possesses Huntsville, Ala, 

4. Battle of Williamsburg, Va.— Union loss, 2,500; rebel, 3,000.— 
Gloucester, Va., taken. 

G. Union troops occupy Williamsburg. President Lincoln visits 
Fortress Monroe. 

7. Battle of West Point, Va.,— Union loss, 250,— rebel, 1,000. 

9. Battle at Farmington, Miss. — Union loss, 21 killed, 140 wounded — • 
rebel loss, 426, General Hunter issues his emancipation proclamation. 
Pensaeola evacuated by the rebels. 

10. Surrender of Norfolk. Gosport Navy Yard burned by the rebels, 
and Craney Island abandoned. Gunboat battle at Fort Pillow on the 
Mississippi. 

11. The rebels destroy their ironclad Merrimac. 

13. Gen. McClellan's advance at White House, Va. 

17. Rebels driven across the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge. 

19, The President revokes Gen. Hunter's eiaaneipatiou proclamation. 



452 Chronological Kecord. 



21. Gen. McClellan's army within five miles of Richmond, \a. 

2;>. General Banks evacuates Strasburg, Va., in consequence of the 
advance of Jackson. Com. Farragut shells Grand Gulf, Miss. Battle 
at Lewisburg, Va. 

25. General McDowell occupies Fredericksburg, Va. 

26. Gen. McClellan takes possession of Hanover Court House. 
28. Rebels retreat from Corinth, IMiss. 

30, Front Royal occupied by Union troops. 

31. Commencement of the battles before Richmond. 

JUNE. 

1. T/ie Battle, of Fair Oaks was resumed this morning at daylight and 
continued all day. The Union loss in this battle was 890 killed, 3,027 
wounded, and 1,217 missing, — the rebels acknowledged a loss of 8,000, 
including five Generals ; they left 1,200 dead on the field. 

3. Union troops land on James Island, near Charleston. 

4. Rebels burn their works at Fort Pillow and leave. 

6. Memphis surrenders after the defeat of the rebel navy. Jackson 
routed at Harrisonburg. 

7. General Negley opens fire on Chattanooga. A rebel executed for 
tearing down the American flag at New Orleans. 

8. Battle at Cross Keys, Va. 

9. Jackson defeated at Port Republic, Va. 

10. Battle of James Island, S. C. 

13. Rebels cut railroad and telegraph at White House, in McClellan's 
rear. 

17. Battle at St, Charles, Ark. ; explosion of Union gunboat Mound 
City. 

18, Gen. Morgan occupies Cumberland Gap, Ky. 
• 20. Union forces occupy Holly Springs, Miss. 

25. Gen. Hooker's division of the Army of the Potomac fought the 
rebels for seven hours at Oak Grove, Va., and drove them back; Union 
loss was over 200 in killed and wounded. General McClellan commenced 
his change of base of operations to the James River. 

20. The rebels destroy their gunboats on the Mississippi, Gen. Pope 
assigned to tlie command of the army of Virginia. Battle of Mechan- 
icsville, — Union loss, 80 killed, 150 wounded ; rebel, 1,000, 

27. Battle of Games' Mills. — The Union dead w^ere estimated at 800, 
and the wounded were innumerable. 4,000 prisoners were reported lost 
on that day. AVhite House, Va., was evacuated by Gen. McClellan, and 
all the stores which could not be removed were ordered to be destroyed. 

28. Battle of the Chickahomivy. 
20. Battle of Savage's Station. 

30. Battle of White Oak Swatnj}. — This fight lasted nearly the whole 
day. 

JULY. 

1. Battle of Malvern Hill. — The rebels were repulsed at all points, the 
battle raged till dark. The loss in these battles is set down at 1,505 
killed, 7,701 wounded, and 5,958 missing— total, 15,224. The rebel loss 
was never fully known, but was supposed to be fully 20,000. Battle at 
Booneville, Miss. ; Col. Sheridan, of the 2d Michigan Cavalry, with a 
body of Union troops, defeated 4,700 rebels after seven hours' hard fight- 
ing* They left 05 dead on the field ; the Union loss was 41 killed, 
wounded and missing. President Lincoln called for 300,000 more men. 



Chronological Record. 453 

10. The War Department orders a general exchange of prisoners. 

11. Gen, Halleck appointed commander-in-chief. 
13. Murfreesboro, Tenn., surrenders. 

15. Naval engagement on the Mississippi. 

17. Battle at Cynthiana, Ky. 

18. Traitor Gen. Twiggs died. Battle at Memphis, Mo. 

20. Engagement at Beaver Dam, Ya. 

22. Military and naval commanders ordered to confiscate rebel prop- 
erty. 

24. Farragut retires from before Yicksburg, Miss. 

28. Battle at Moore's Mills, Mo. 

AUGUST. 

1. Rebel Government declares Gen. Pope and his officers not entitled 
to mercy. 

4. The President orders a draft of 300,000 men. 

5. Battle of Baton Rouge, La. Gen. McCook murdered by the rebels 
while wounded and defenceless. 

6. The ram Arkansas destroyed above Vicksburg. 

8. The President prohibits citizens from leaving the country. 

9. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va. — Union loss, 1,500 ; rebel, 2,500. 
13. Steamboat collision on the Potomac — 80 soldiers lost. Drafting 

ordered to begin 1st of September. 

16. Gen. McClellan evacuates Harrison's Landing with his army. — 
Rebels attempt to cross the Rapidan, but are driven back. 

17. Gen. McClellan's advance reaches Hampton ; the rear guard 
crosses the Chickahominy. Gen. Pope's retreat begins. 

21. Rebels attempt to cross the Rappahannock. 

22. Raid on Pope's rear by Jackson. 

23. Battle of Catlett's Station, Va., and retreat of Pope. 

25. Rebel attack on Fort Donelson. 

26. Rebels get possession of Manassas Junction. Union gunboats 
demolish rebel works at City Point. 

29. Battle at Groveton, Va. ; rebels defeated with great loss. 

30. Second Battle of Bull Run ; after the battle the whole army fell 
back to Centreville. 

31. General McDowell evacuates Fredericksburg, Va. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. Battle of Chaniilly. — The rebels were driven back at all points. — 
Major-General Kearney and Brigadier-General Stevens were killed. — 
This was the last of the battles fought by the Array of Virginia on their 
retreat. The losses on both sides were heavy; that of the Unionists 
was set down at 1,000 killed, 6,000 wounded, and 2,000 prisoners ; rebel 
loss not known definitely. The army fell back toward Washington. 

2. General McClellan appointed to the defences of Washington. 

4. Jackson invades Maryland. 

5. Pope relieved from command. 

G. McDowell relieved from command. 

9. Jackson invades Maryland at Poolesville. 

10. Jackson occupies Hagerstown, Md. Battle at Gauley, Va. 

12. Gen. Burnside occupies Frederick, Md., in pursuit of Jackson. 

14. Battles at Mumfordsville, Tenn., and South Mountain, Md. — 
Union loss, 443 killed, 1,806 wounded, 176 prisoners ; rebel loss. 4,800. 

15, Harper's Ferry, Va., surrenders to Jackson. 

38* 



454 Chronological Regorp, 

17 BatlU of Antietam.—T:he forces engaged numbered about 100,000 ^t5 
each'side. The line of battle was four miles long. The field was fiercely 
contested and the carnage was terrible. The Union loss in this figlit 
was stated at 2.010 killed, 9.416 wounded, and 1,043 missing. The reb- 
els acknowledged a loss of 14,000, but General McClellan stated it to be 
25,542. Oen. Mansfield was killed. 

18. Kebel army evacuate Sharpsburg and recross the Potomac. 

lo! Battle of luka ; Union loss, C98— -rebel, 1,263. Rebels leave 
Harper's Ferry. 

27. Augusta, Ky., destroyed by the rebels. 

2u! Gen. Nelson shot at Cincinnati by Gen. Davis. 

OCTOBER, 

1. President Lincoln visits McClellan's army and urges an immediate- 
movement across the Potomac. Gen. Buell's army leaves Louisville. 

3. Battle of Corinth. Rebels evacuate Frankfort, Ky. 

4 Defeat of the rebels at Corinth ; Union loss, 315 killed, 1,812 
mounded, 232 prisoners— rebel loss, 1,423 killed, 5,692 wounded, 2,248 
prisoners. The rebels were pursued 100 miles. 

5. Union forces occupy Galveston. Battle at Ilatchie River. Rebel* 
routed at Fayetteville, Ark. , , ,, 

6. Gen McClellan ordered to cross the Potomac and give battle to the 

enemy. 

8. Battle of Perry ville, Ky. ; Union loss, 820 killed, 2,600 wounded; 

rebel loss, 4,500, ,.,--, t, i • 

10. Stuart's rebel cavalry raid into Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

12. Stuart's cavalry recross the Potomac. 

18. Gen. Bragg evacuates camp Dick Robinson.^ 

18. The guerrilla general Morgan occupies Lexington, Ky. 

21. Rebels leave Western Virginia. 

22. Bragg's army at Cumberland Gap. Battle at Pocotaligo, S. C. 
23 Rebels defeated at Maysville, Ark. 

24. Gen. Buell deprived of the command and Gen. Rosecranz put at 
the head of the army of Kentucky. 

26. Advance of McClellan's army begun. 

27. liattle of Labadieville, La. 

29. Great fire at Harper's Ferry. 

30. Gen. Micliell died at Port Royal. 

NOVEMBER. 

3. Upperville, Piedmont, and Thoroughfare Gap in Union possession. 

4. Ashby's Gap occupied ; engagement at Markham, Va. General 
Grant's army occupy Lagrange, Miss. 

5. Order issued for the removal of Gen. McClellan. 
G. ISIcClellan's advance occupy Warrenton, Va. 

7, Gen. McClellan removed from command. 'General Burnside ap- 
pointed. Negro troops engaged at Port Royal. 

9. Rebels routed near Moorfields, Va. Gen. Butler's sequestration 
order issued. 

10. Gen. Bayard's cavalry dash into Fredericksburg. 

12. Generarilalleck visits the army of the Potomac. 

13. Holly Springs, Miss., occupied by Union troops. 

15. Artillery fight at Fayetteville, Va. Rebels evacuate Warrenton 
10. (.H'der issueli for observance of the Sabbath in the army. 



.Chronological Record. 455 

17. Burnside's headquarters at Catlett's Station. 

18. Burnside's left wing advance reaches Falmouth, opposite Fred- 
ericksburg. 

21. Surrender of Fredericksburg demanded, and notice given to re- 
move non-combatants. 

25. Raid of rebels into Pooleville, Md. Rebels attack Newbern. 
2G. President Lincoln visits Burnside. 

28. Battle of Cone Hill, Ark. 

29. Rebels defeated at Frankfort, West Virginia ; 108 captured. 

DECEMBER. 

1. A rebel battery captured near Suffolk, Va. 

1-3. Rebels in Tennessee and Mississippi retreating before General 
Grant's army. 

3. Gen. Geary takes possession of Winchester, Ya. 

7. Battle of Prairie Grove, Ark. 

ll._ Bombardment of Fredericksburg commenced; our troops cross 
the river in the course of tlie afternoon. 

13^. Battle of Fredericksburg. Union loss, l,ol2 killed, G,000 wound- 
ed, 700 prisoners. 

15. Gen. Burnside's army retreated to the north side of the Rappa- 
hannock. * 

20. Gen. Foster returns to Newbern, after defeating the rebels in 
four battles, taking Kinston and Goldsboro, and destroying several 
bridges and miles of tlie track of the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad 
Holly Springs. Miss., captured by Van Dorn. The rebels repulsed from 
Davis' Mills, Miss., with heavy loss. 

21. General W. T. Sherman commences a movement upon Vicks- 
burg in the rear of Haines' Bluff. 

28. Stuart makes an unsuccessful foray on Burnside's army at Fal- 
mouth, Va. 

29. Battle at Haines' Bluff (Vicksburg,) Miss.; Gen. Sherman re- 
pulsed. Island No. 10 evacuated by order of General Jefferson C. Davis. 

31. The Monitor sunk in a gale off Hatteras. Battle of Murfrees- 
boro ; about 7,(!00 men were lost this day. 



18 6 3. 

JANUARY. • 

1. The President issues his Emancipation Proclamation. The rebel- 
estimate their losses thus far at 20,898 killed, 69,615 wounded and 
21.169 prisoners— total, 209,116. Battles of Hunt's Cross Roads Tenn 
and Galveston, Texas. ' 

2. Battle of Stone River resumed, and ended in the defeat of the 
rebels ; the Union loss was 1,533 killed, 1,375 wounded; rebel loss over 
10,000 of whom 9,000 were killed or wounded. 

8. Fight at Springfield, Mo. ; after ten hours the rebels retreated.— 
Losses about equal. 

9. Col. Ludlow effects an exchange of prisoners, by which 20,000 
men were restored to the Union army. 

^ 11. U. S. steamer Hatteras sunk off Galveston by the Alabama.— 
Capture of Arkansas Post and Fort McClernand ; Union loss nearly 



456 Chronological Record.. 

1 ,000 ; rebel over 5,000, with all their arms and supplies. Rebels beaten 
at llartsville. Mo. . 

12. A brigautine prize to the rebel privateer Retribution, retaken 
from* the prize crew by a Yankee woman, wife of the captain of the 
brio-antine, Avho made the rebels drunk, put them in irons, and brought 
the°vessel into St. Thomas. Rebel raid upon Holly Springs, Miss. 

14. Rebel gunboat Cotton in Bayou Teche, La., destroyed; Com. 
Buchanan, of the Union expedition, was killed, 

17. Des Arc, Ark., taken without opposition. Pollockville, N. C, 
taken ; rebels retreat. 

19, Army of the Potomac moves down the Rappahannock. 

21. Gen. Fitz John Porter dismissed from the service. 

22. Gen. Burnside's second attempt to cross the Rappahannock foiled 
by a heavy storm. 

25. Oro-anization of the 1st regiment colored volunteers completed at 
Port Royal. 

26. Gen. Hooker succeeds Gen. Burnside in command of the Potomac 
army. Skirmish at Woodbury, Tenn.,— 35 rebels killed, 100 captured. 

28. A steamer and 300 rebels captured. 

29. Gen. Banks promulgates the Emancipation Proclamation at New 

Orleans. 

31. Attack upon the Charleston blockading fleet by three ironclad 
steamers from the harbor ; the Merceditas sunk. Cavalry skirmish near 
Nashville ; rebels whipped with loss of 12 killed, 12 wounded, and 300 

prisoners. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. Second attack on Fort McAllister; the fort was not taken, its 
commander was killed, the Union vessels were -not injured. Franklin, 
Tenn., occupied by Union forces. Rebel attack on Island No. 10 ; they 
seized a transport, but were quickly put to flight by a gunboat. Rebel 
camp at Middleton, Tenn., broken up, — 100 prisoners taken. 

2. The ram Queen of the AVest runs the blockade at Vicksburg. 

8. Guerrillas routed near Independence, Mo, Lebanon, Tenn., occu- 
pied, and GOO rebels captured there. Capture of three rebel transports 
by the Queen of the West, in Red River, reported. 

9. Gen. Rosecrans orders the summary execution of all rebels caught 
in Union uniform or carrying our flag. 

10. Fight at Old River, La. ; rebels whipped with loss of 25 prison- 
ers and 11 killed or wounded, — Union loss, 8. 

U. Queen of the West gets aground near Gordon's Landing, is dis- 
abled by rebel cannon and abandoned. 

15. Fight at Arkadelphia, Ark.,— rebels routed, losing 26— Union 
loss, 14. 

18. Mortar boats open fire upon Vicksburg. Clifton, Tenn., destroy- 
ed by Union troops. 

24. The India nola captured by the rebels below Vicksburg; she is 
blown up through fear of Porter's mock monitor. 

25. The Conscription Bill passes the House. 



27 



The Monlauk destroys the Nashville in Ogeechee River, Ga. 



28. The amended Conscription becomes a law. The President calls 
an extra session of the Senate. 

MARCH, 

1. Tlic Coldwater Pass expedition of Porter's reaches Moon Lake. 
3. Ne ^ada admitted as a State. 



CURONOLOGICAL ReCORD. 457 



4. The pirate Retribution condemned at Nassau. 

5, Battle at Thompson's Station, Tenn. 
7. Battle at Spring Hill, Ark. 

10. Jacksonville, Ha., occupied by negro troops. 

11. C. M. Clay confirmed as Minister to Russia. 

12. The Coldwater expedition arrives at Fort Pemberton, Miss. 

13. Battle at Newbern, N. C, — the rebels attempt to retake the toTrn. 

14. Admiral Farragut runs past the Port Hudson batteries in the 
Hartford. 

15. The pirate Clwpman captured in San Francisco Harbor. 

19. Admiral Farragut passes the batteries at Grand Gulf, Miss., and 
anchors below Vicksburg on the 21st. 

21. Death of General Sumner. 

22. ]?urnside's corps moves into Kentucky. 

23. General Burnside assigned to the Department of the Ohio. The 
rebel ram Vickslurg captured by Admiral Porter. Pensacola, Florida, 
burned and evacuated by Federals. 

25. The ram Lancaster sunk -while passing the Vicksburg battery. — 
Battle at Brentwood, Tenn. 

27. Jacksonville, Fla., destroyed by Col. Montgomery's brigade of 
negro troops. Col. Dandy eiiects a landing upon Coles' Island, S. C. 

28. The pirate Georgia leaves England. 

30. Engagement at Somerset, Ky. 

31. Admiral Farragut silences the batteries at Grand Gulf, Miss. 

APRIL. 

1. Admiral Farragut destro^'s transports in Red River. 

2. Women's Bread Riot at Richmond, Va. Battle at Snow Hill, Tenn. 
Rebel cavalry routed, with 50 killed and wounded, and 60 prisoners, — 
Union loss, 8. 

3. Arrest of Knights of the Golden Circle at Reading. Schuylkill 
County Knights frightened. 

4. Palmyra, Tenn., burned by the gunboat Lexington. 

5. Troops sent from Newbern to rescue Gen. Foster, besieged in 
Washington, N. C. 

G. Rebel Camp at Green Hill, Tenn., broken up, — 5 killed and 15 
taken. 

7. Bombardment of Fort Sumter by Admiral Dupont — fleet di-iven 
off, fort little injured. 

8. Gunboat George Washington stranded in Broad River, S. C, at- 
tacked by rebels and blown up. 

9. Pascagoula, Miss., taken by a Union force from Ship Island, but 
abandoned same day. 

10. Battle at Franklin, Tenn., — Van Dorn's attack repulsed — Union 
loss about 100, rebel, not known. Rebels routed near Germantown, Ky. 

11. Col. Streight's raiding force left Nashville fo: Georgia. 

12. Ironclad fleet leaves Charleston harbor. Lieut. -Col, Kimball 
killed by General Corcoran. 

18. Transpoi't Escort ran the batteries below Washington, N. C, 
bringing aid for Gen. Foster. 

14. Battle at Bayou Teche, La., — rebels defeated, and their three 
gunboats, Diana, Hart and Queen of the West, destroyed — Union loss 
about 350 — rebel much larger Gen. Foster escaped from Washington, 
N. C, by running the rebel blockade in the steamer Escort. 

15. Franklin, La., occupied by Union troops. Rebels raise the siege 
of Washington, N. C. 



458 Chronological "Record. 

16. Admiral Porter's fleet of eight gunbonts and several transports 
ran past the Vicksburg batteries, losing only one transport and no men. 

17. General Donelson (rebel), nephew of Andrew Jackson, died at 
Knoxville. Col. Grierson's famous cavalry raiding force started from 
La Grange, Tenn. 

20. Opelousas, La., occupied by Union forces. Bute a la Rose, La., 
captured by Union gunboats. 

22. Rebel raid on Tompkinsville, Ky., — court-hoase burned. Seven 
loyal cavalrymen, after being made prisoners in Cedar County, Mo., 
stripped and shot by guerillas. McMinnville, Tenn., occupied by Union 
troops. 300 rebels routed near Strasburg, Va., with loss of 40 — Union 
loss, 2. 

2-4. Tuscumbia, Ala,, occupied, the rebels being driven out. Rebels 
defeated at Weber Falls, Ark, 

25. Rebel shore batteries at Duck River shoals, Tennessee River, 
silenced by gunboats — 25 rebels killed and wounded. 

26. 30 rebel cotton gins and mills and 350,000 bushels of corn des- 
troyed by a raid to Deer Creek, Miss. Cape Girardeau, Mo., attacked 
by Marmadukc's rebels, who were defeated with heavy loss. 

27. Gen. Hooker begins his movement upon Fredericksburg. A Texan 
legion captured near Franklin. Tenn. 

28. Hooker crosses the Rappahannock. Marmaduke overtaken and 
badly defeated near Jackson, Mo. Skirmish near Mill Spring, Ky. 

29. Fairmount, Va., taken by the rebels who lost about 100 — Union 
loss slight. Bombardment of Grand Gulf, Miss., by Porter's fleet — 
rebel works greatly damaged — fleet considerably injured, 20 killed and 
many wounded. 

30'. Gen. Grant's army lands near Port Gibson, Miss. Rebel battery 
on the Nausemond River silenced. 

UAY. 

1 Battle at Port Gibson (beginning of Grant's march to Vicksburg,) 
1 1,000 rebels defeated, 500 taken— they retreat toward Vicksburg. Fight 
at South Quay on the Nansemond — rebels defeated with great loss — 
► Union loss, -41. 

2. Battle of Chancellorville between the armies of Hooker and Lee. 
Union army checked after a fierce battle. Stonewall Jackson wounded. 
Col. Grierson's raiders reached Baton Rouge, La., after 15 days of work 
on Mississippi — they defeated the rebels several times, destroyed rail- 
roads and bridges, and captured many prisoners. 

3. Col. Streight's Union raiding force of 1,500 captured near Gads- 
den, Ala. Second battle of Chancellorville — Union troops repulsed — 
heavy loss on both sides. The colored regiment returned to Beaufort 
from the Cambahee river raid — they captured 800 slaves, and destroyed 
$2,000,000 worth of rebel property, 

4. Battle of Chancellorville continued — Unionists forced back. Capt. 
Dwight murdered, after surrender, by rebels, at Washington, La. 

5. Vallandigham arrested. Fort De Russy, Red River, occupied by 
Union forces. 

6. Hooker retreats safely across the Rappahanock — Lee does not fol- 
low. Alexandria, Miss., occupied by Union troops. 

7. Col. Kilpatrick's cavalry, after marching around Lee's army, ar- 
rived at Gloucester Point, Va., 

8. An attack upon Port Hudson commenced. 

9. Bombardment of Port Hudson continued — no reply. 



Chronological Record. 459 



10. Stonewall Jackson died. Port Hudson assault renewed — rebel 
batteries silenced. 

11. Fight at Greasy Creek, Ky. ; Unionists defeated with loss of 25; 
rebel loss, nearly 100. Crystal Springs, Miss., burned by Union cavalry. 

12. Battle of Raymond, Miss. ; McPherson defeats the rebels under 
Gregg. 

13. Yazoo City, Miss., captured. 

14. General Grant occupies Jackson, Miss., after an engagement. 

16. Battle of Champion Hills, Miss. 

17. Grant evacuates Jackson, Miss., and has an engagement at Black 
River Bridge. 

18. Gen. Grant occupies Haines' Bluff, and completes the investment 
of Vicksburg, Miss. 

19. Fire opened on Vicksburg from Gen. Grant's batteries. 

20. The navy yard at Yazoo Cit*^, Miss., destroyed by Porter. 

21. Engagement in the rear of Port Hudson, La. 

23. Port Hudson invested by General Banks. 

24. C. L. Vallandigham banished to the South. Eight rebel steam- 
ers destroyed on the Yazoo River. 

20. Gen. Weitzel's command joins Banks in the rear of Port Hudson. 

27. An assault on Port Hudson repulsed. 

30. Rev. E. W. Beecher leaves for Europe on a mission. 

JUKE. 

I. James Island, S. C, evacuated by the rebels. 
S. Lee prepares for the invasion of the North. 

5. Gen. Hooker makes a reconnoissance at Deep Run, Va. 

6. Battle at Milliken's Bend, Miss. ; negro troops engaged. 

II. Moseby makes a loray on Poolesville, Md. 

12. The Clare7ice captures the Tacony, converts her into a pirate and 
is burned. Gen. Gillmore relieves Hunter of the Department of the 
South. 

14. Gen. Hooker moves from Falmouth to Bull Run in pursuit of 
Lee. Federal forces at Winchester and Berryville defeated, and fall 
back. 

15. The President calls for 120,000 men to repel invasion. The reb- 
els occupy Hagerstown, Md., Chambersburg and Greencastle, Pa. 

16. Harper's Ferry invested by the rebels. 

17. The rebel ram Atlanta captured. 

18. 1,700 of Milroy's men arrive safely at Bedford, Pa. Small skir- 
mishes with Lee's invaders in Maryland. 

28. Rebels occupy Chambersburg, Pa. Skirmish near Gettysburg. 

24. Rebels advance to Shippensburg and Hagerstown. 

25. Rebels near Cai-lisle, Pa. 

26. Rebels occupy Gettysburg. Unionists evacuate Carlisle. Skir- 
mish at South Anna, Va. ; General W. F. Lee (rebel) captured. Death 
of Admiral Foote. 

27. The Potomac army northwest of Baltimore. 

28. Gen. Hooker superceded by Gen. Meade. Rebels occupy York 
and threaten Harrisburg. Skirmish at Wrightsville, Pa., — Columbia 
Bridge destroyed, to prevent the rebels crossing Susquehanna River. 

Rebels defeated at Donaldsville, La. 

29. Rebels driven from Decherd, Tenn. 

30. Mines exploded and rebel outworks breached at Vicksburg. — 
Cavalry fight at Hanover. 



4(30 Chronological Record. 



JULY. 

1. Battle at Gettysbiirg, Pemi. — The battle opened at 0, A. II., by an 
attack on the Island llth Corps, by the I'ebels under Longstreet and 
Hill; the 1st Corps being in advance, sustained the whole shock, until 
the other came up. The tight Avas severe and attended with great loss. 
Major-General Reynolds was mortally wounded. 

2. Battle at Gettysburg renewed. — The I'ebels attacked the Union 
lines at 4, P. M., but after a severe contest were repulsed at all points ; 
upward of 6,000 prisoners reported taken. 

3. Battle of Gettysburg. — This was the fiercest of tlie three days' 
fight. The rebels attempted to turn Meade's left flank, but were repuls- 
ed, losing 3,000 prisoners. The fighting was most furious, and th« 
slaughter terrible ; the loss in officers on both sides was heavy. Th« 
rebel loss was estimated at 2,439 l^illtd, 14.580 wounded and 0,235 pris- 
oners. The Union loss is set down at 14,000 killed and w'ounded. 20 
battle-flags were taken by one corps. 

4. Surrender of Vicksburg and Pemberton's entire army, numbering. 
32,000 men. Lee's army rapidly retreating to the Potomac. 

5. Vallandigham arrives at Halifax. 

6. John Morgan's rebels invade Indiana. 

8. Surrender of Port Hudson ; the Mississippi opened, 
1). Rebel cavalry defeated at Roonsboro, Md., with heavy loss. 
10. Gilmore lands on Morris Inland, taking all the rebel works ex- 
cept Forts Wagner and Gregg, which arc shelled by tlie Monitors. Our 
forces occupy Jackson, Miss. Rebels defeated at Big Creek, Ark, — 
Cavalry fight on the old Antietam field. Lee in fortifications opposite 
William sport. 

12. Morgan gets into Ohio. Martial law in Cincinnati, Newport an<l 
Covington, 

13. Great Draft Riot in New York ; many buildings destroyed ; IVte 
Tribune office assailed ; Colored Orphan Asylum burned, several negroes 
killed. Bragg pulls up at Chattanooga. Yazoo City taken by our troops. 

14. New York riots continue; military called out, several conflicts 
and some rioters killed — Governor Seymour issues a proclamation. Leo 
gets his army safely across the Potomac, — we capture a few stragglers 
at Falling Waters. 

15. New York Riot continues, — cars and stages stopped, — two ne- 
groes killed, — military attacked — Col. O'Brien killed. Riots in Troy 
and Boston. Jetf Davis calls out white men from 18 to 45 to serve throe 
years. 

16. Last day of the N. Y. riot, — a great many rioters killed. 

17. Orders given to enforce the draft at all hazards. Huntsvilie, 
Ala., taken by Union troops. Rebels evacuate Jackson, Miss. 

18. Gillmore assaults Fort Wagner, but fails to take it. Rebels de- 
feated at V/ytheville, Vn., — the place destroyed and the Tennessee and 
Virginia railroad broken. Raid from Newbern into North Carolina. 
400 rebels captured at Rienzi, Miss. 

19. Fighting with Morgan at Buffington Island, — GOO of his men 
captured. 

20. Basil Duke and a portion of Morgan's force taken near Pouieroy, 
Ohio, ^Morgan escaping. 

23. Engagement at Manassas Gap, Va, — 300 rebels killed or wound- 
ed, GO prisoners. 

24. Skirmish with Mora;an's men at Washington, Ohio. 



Chronological Record. 461 



26. John Morgan and all bis men captured near New Lisbon, Ohio. 
Rebels defeated at Lexington, Tenn. 

29. Rebels defeated at Paris, Ky. 

30. President Lincoln issues an order for retaliation in case of bar- 
barous treatment of our men, 

31. Lee's and Meade's army again on the Rappahannock. 

AUGUST. 

1. Heavy cavalry fight at Kelly's Ford ; rebels defeated. 
9. The rebels defeated at Sparta, Tenn. 

14. General Gillmore mounts the "Swamp Angel" on Morris Island, 
S. C. 

15, Rebels defeated at Pineville, Mo. Fort Sumter breached by 
siege guns, 

17. Rebels defeated at Granada, Miss. The Mississippi declared 
open for trade. Capt. George W. Rodgers killed in Charleston harbor. 

18. An expedition to Granada, Miss,, destroys vast quantities of 
railroad material. 

21. The citizens of Lawrence, Kansas, massacred by Quantrel. Gen. 
Rosecranz arrives in front of Chattanooga. The brig Bainbrklge found- 
ers at sea. General Gillmore throws Greek fire into Charleston. 

23. General Gillmore announces that Fort Sumter is a shapeless 
mass of ruins, incapable of ftirther offensive operations. Gen. Steele 
captures Clarendon, Ark. 

26. Gillmore,.assaults Fort Wagner on Morris Island after siege ap- 
proaches. Jeff. Thompson captured at Pocahontas, Ark. John B. Floyd 
dies. General Steele captures Brownsville, Ark. 

27. Rebels defeated at Hanover, Tenn., and Bayou Meteor, Ark. 

29. Five bounty-jumpers shot in the Army of the Potomac. A rebel 
ram launched at Laird's Yard, Liverpool, 

31. General Buruside seizes Emory's Gap, Tenn. The pirate SumUr 
Bunk in Charleston Harbor. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. Fort Smith, Ark., evacuated by the rebels. Knoxville, Tenn., oc- 
cupied by Gen. Burnside's advance. 

2. Burnside's main column occupies Knoxville, and is welcomed bj 
the inhabitants. 

3. The pirate Florida enters Brest, France. Rebels defeated at Dia- 
mond Gap, Tenn. 

5. Forts Gregg and Wagner, S. C, assaulted. 

6. Forts Wagner and Gregg evacuated by the rebels and occupied by 
Gen. Gillmore. Our forces defeated at Moorfield, Va. 

7. Gen. Rosecranz occupies Trenton, Ga. 

8. Chattanooga, Tenn., evacuated by the rebels. Naval engagement 
in Charleston Harbor ; a naval attack on Fort Sumter repulsed. 

9. Chattanooga occupied by General Crittenden. Cumberland Gap 
surrendered to Gen. Burnside. Union forces defeated at Tipton, Tenn. 

10. Gen. Steel-e occupies Little Rock, Ark. 

11. Battle at Dakon, Ga. The pirate Florida detained at Brest, 
France. 

12. Culpepper, Va., occupied by Gen, Meade's advance. 
15. The President suspends the writ of habeas corpus. 

18. General Burnside's advance at Bristol, Tenn., when an engage- 
ment takes place. 
39 



462 Chronological Record. 



19. Rebels defeated at Fort Smith, Ark. 

19 and 20. Battle of Chicamauga. 

22. Battle near Carter's Station, Tenn. 

24, The President raises the blockade at Alexandria, Va. 

27. Jonesboro, Tenn., reoccupied by rebels. 

28. General Hooker leaves Virginia to reinforce Rosecranz. 

29. Visit of English, Russian and French fleets to New York, 

30. Aggregate value of naval captures to date, $30,000,000. 

OCTOBER. 

2. General Franklin occupies Franklin, La. 

3. The President appoints a day of National Thanksgiving. 
6. The rebels attempt to blow up the New Ironsides. 

6. Quantrell massasres Gen. Blunt's body guard at Baxter Springs, 
Mo., after defeating his troops. 

8, Quantrell burns Carthage, Mo. Rebels defeated at Lannington, 
Miss. 

10. Lee commences a flank movement on Meade, but the rebels are 
defeated at Robertson's Ford, Va. 

11. General Meade falls back to meet Lee. The rebel forces driven 
out of East Tennessee. 

12. General Meade rests his army on Manassas Plains, having foiled 
Lee's plan. 

13. Brisk fight from Catlett's station to Manassas. Rebels under 
Shelby, in Missouri, defeated by Gen. Brown. 

14. Fight at Bristow Station ; rebels defeated — 450 taken prisoners. 

15. Skirmishing on the Bull Run battle-field. 

17. President Lincoln calls for 300,000 men. 

18. Skirmishing near Stone Bridge and Manassas Junction. Jim 
Keller, a noted guerilla, taken near Sharpsbui'g, Ky., and shot. 

19. Lee recrosses the Rappahannock and marches southward. 

20. Gen. Rosecranz relieved ; Gen. Grant takes command. 

26. Grant starts his movement upon Lookout Mountain ; a flanking 
force crosses the river. 

27. Hooker defeats the rebels at Brown's Ferry. 

28. Flanking and capture of Lookout Mountain ; it is soon after 
abandoned and reoccupied by the rebels. 

29. Union prisoners from Richmond, in a state of starvation, arrive 
at Annapolis ; some die on the trip from Fortress Monroe. 

30. Burnside's forces cross the river at Knoxville and occupy Loudon 
Heights. Heavy bombardment of Charleston, S. C. 

31. Banks' expedition lands at Brazos Island. Plot in Ohio to over- 
throw the government comes to light. Gen, Hooker wins an important 
victory at Shell Mound, Tenn. 

NOVEMBER. 

1. Much anxiety in Richmond about food. Union raid in northern 
Alabama ; they reach Florence. 

5. Rebels continue to shell Chattanooga. Union camp at Rodgers- 
Tille, East Tennessee, surprised, and 4 guns and nearly 800 men taken. 

G. Much excitement about the starvation of Union prisoners at Rich- 
mond. 

7. Meade's army begins an advance ; sharp fighting at Kelly's Ford 
and Rapi^ahannock Station — the rebels driven across the river. 

8. Meade advances, the rebels retiring toward Gordonsville. 



Chronological Eecord. 463 



D. Fight on the Little Tennessee ; a rebel regiment repulsed "with 50 
killed and 40 prisoners. 

11. Charleston and Fort Sumter regularly shelled day by day. 

14. Longstreet crosses the Tennessee and attacks Burnside, who re- 
tires toward his works at Xnoxville. 

19. Gettysburg Cemetery dedicated. Fighting at Knoxville. 

21. Skirmishing along Biirnside's and Longstreet's lines. 

22. A portion of Knoxville burned ; the city closely invested by 
Longstreet. Successful scouting by negro troops at Pocotaligo, S. C. ; 
a grandson of John C. Calhoun killed. 

24. Storming and capture of Lookout Mountain ; Hooker's "fight 
above the clouds;" defeat of Bragg. Skirmishing near Knoxville. 

25. Capture of Missionary Ridge ; Bragg's army routed and driven 
back toward Ringgold. Colored troops doing good service in North Ca- 
rolina. Rebel Cavalry repulsed at Kingston, Tenn. 

26. Bragg's army pursued by our victorious troops. Meade's army 
crosses the Rapidan. 

27. Brisk skirmishing between Meade and Lee, heavy fighting on the 
left. 

28. John Moi'gan and six of his officers escape from the Ohio pen- 
itentiary. 

29. Siege of Charleston progresses regularly, L(ingstreet attacks 
Knoxville, and is beaten after a heavy battle. 

DECEMBER. 

1. Meade's army recrossed the Rapidan without fighting Lee. Gen. 
Hooker retires from Ringgold, and the Army of the Cumberland again 
concentrated at Chattanooga. 

2. Bragg superseded by Hardee in command of the rebel army in 
Georgia. 

4, Longstreet abandons the siege of Knoxville, and marches toward 
Virginia. 

7. General Foster announces Longstreet in full retreat from Tennes- 
see, whereupon the President orders a Thanksgiving. General Grant'g 
captures during the war announced as 472 cannon and 90,000 prisoners. 
Congress organizes ; Mr. Colfax chosen Speaker of the House. 

8. Congress passes joint resolutions of thanks to General Grant. 

9. The President thanks General Grant for the victory in East Ten- 
nessee. The President issues a Proclamation of Amnesty. 

12. Rebels refuse to receive any supplies for Union prisoners. 

13. Rebels repulsed at Catlett's Station, Va. 

16. The Virginia and Tennessee Road cut at Salem, by Gen. Averill. 

17. The pirate Chesapeake captured at Sambro, N. S., by the I^lla ^ 
Anna. 

19. Th'e pirates of the Chesapeake rescued by a mob in Halifax. 

23. Passport required of persons leaving New York. 

27. General Joe Johnston takes command of Bragg's army. 



18 64. 

JANUARY. 

1. Proposals issued for a loan of $35,000,000 to the United States. 

8. Discovery of $6,000,000 in Confederate bonds printed in New 
York for the Confederate Government. Surrender of 300 Union troopi 
to the rebels at Jonesville, Va. 



4t>4 Chronological IIecord. 

9. The steamer Chesapeake (seized by rebels, and run into Halifax, 
N. S.,) ordered by the Admiralty Court to be returned to her owners in 
New York. 

12. Gunboats and transports of Sherman's and Porter's expedition 
wp the Yazoo River attacked by 3,000 rebels. 

20. General Seymour, at Olustee, Florida, defeated by the rebels. 

29. Capture of ScottsYille, Ky., by the rebels. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. President Lincoln issued a proclamation for 500,000 men for three 
years. = 

2. Raid by the rebels on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad ; estimated 
damage to property $1,000,000. Rebel attack on Newborn, N. C, re- 
pulsed ; the gunboat Underwriter captured and destroyed by the rebels. 
Roddy's rebel cavalry driven out of Tennessee. 

4. Union forces capture Jackson City and Yazoo City, Miss. 

7. An expedition, under Gen. Gillmore, ascends St. John's River, 
Fla., enters Jacksonville, and captures 100 prisoners, 8 pieces of artil- 
lery, and other property. 

8. Advance of Union troops from .Jacksonville, Fla., into the interior, 
and capture of property valued at $1,500,000. 

18, Generals' Smith, Sherman and others, make a successful raid 
into Alabama ; they destroy over 1,000,000 bushels of corn, and capture 
1,500 mules and horses, and over 300 prisoners. 

19. The Enrollment Bill passed the Senate by a vote of 20 to 16, and 
the House (on the 12th,) by 93 to 60. 

22. Unconditional Union State Convention of Maryland, held at 
Baltimore, and pass resolutions in favor of instructing the delegates to 
the National Union Convention to vote for Abraham Lincoln first, last 
and all time. 

23. Bombardment of Fort Powell, Mobile Harbor, by Adm'l Farragut. 

25. Tunnel Hill, Tenn., captured by Union troops, under General 
Grant. Athens, Ala., captured by the rebels under Roddy. 

26. The rebels beaten at Athens and Florence, Ala., by Union troops. 
The rank of Lieutenant General conferred upon Ulysses S. Grant, of the 
United States army. 

28. Successful reconnoissance by General Custer toward Gordons- 
ville, Va. ; capture of rebel camp. 

MARCH. 

1. Annihilation of a colored regiment by guerillas at Tecumseh 
Landing, near Grand Lake, Miss. 

2. Successful raid by Gen. Kilpatrick near Richmond. 

5. The rebels attack Yazoo City, Miss., and are defeated. . 

8. General Sherman returns to Vicksburg from a successful raiding 
expedition into Alabama and Mississippi, having destroyed over $2,000,- 
000 worth of property, and captured 8,000 negroes and 4,000 prisoners. 
State election in New York decided that soldiers may vote. 

9. Major General Grant receives his commission as Lieutenant Gen- 
eral from President Lincoln. 

10. Constitutional Convention of West Virginia adopted a resolution 
to abolish slavery. 

14, Fort De Russy, on Red River, Louisiana, captured by Union 
troops under General A. J. Smith — 11 guns and 300 prisoners taken. 
Major General Halleck retired from the position of Commander-in-Chief. 



Chronological Record. 465 

15. The rebels make a daring attempt to recapture Seabrook, near 
Hilton Head, S. C, used as a depot for coal for United States vessels. 
Call by President Lincoln for 200,000 men for the army, navy and 
marine. 

17. Lieutenant General Grant assumes command of all the armies of 
the United States. Fort De Russy blown up accidentally — 4 men killed 
and 6 wounded. 

21. Act of Congress to admit Nevada and Colorado as States, passed. 

23. The rebels under General Forrest commence an invasion of Ken- 
tucky. President Lincoln issued an order for the reorganization of the 
army. 

25. The rebels under Gen. Forrest enter Paducah, Ky.— they were 
repulsed and driven from the city. 

26. President Lincoln issues a new amnesty proclamation. 

27. Union troops under Gen. Mower, capture 17 cannon from the 
rebels near Alexandria, La. 

30. An expedition of Union troops under Colonel Clayton, to Mount 
Elba and Longview, Ark., captured 320 prisoners, 800 horses, about 40 
%vagons laden with camp and garrison equipments, besides 300 contra- 
bands, and killing and wounding about 200 rebels. 

APRIL. 

1. A band of rebels attack the United States Government plantations 
on the Yazoo River, and set fire to .the buildings — several negroes perish 
in the flames. 

8. Defeat of Union troops under General Stoneman at Pleasant Hill, 
La. ; loss 2,000 in killed, wounded and prisoners. 

9. Fight between rebels and Union gunboats at New Falls City, near 
Shreveport, La. ; defeat of the rebels — from 500 to 600 of them killed 
or wounded. Fight with the rebels at Grand Ecore, La., — capture of 
2,000 rebels and twenty cannon by Union troops. 

12. Capture of Fort Pillow by the rebels under General Forrest ; all 
found in the garrison, except about two hundred, massacred after they 
had surrendered— men, women and children. 

17. The rebels attempt to capture Plymouth, N. C, but are repulsed 
with great slaughter. A portion of Hockman, Ky., burned by the 
rebels. 

18. A rebel ram at Plymouth, N. C, attacks and sinks the gunboats 
Bombshell and Southfield. Act of Congress to admit Nebraska as a State. 

20. Surrender of General Wessels and 2,500 Union troops at Ply- 
mouth, N. C., after four hours' fighting. 

22. Fight between Union troops under General Banks, and the rebels 
at Cane River, near Alexandria, La., — 1,000 rebels and nine cannon 
captured. 

25. One hundred thousand troops for one hundred days, tendered by 
the Governors of Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois, and accepted by 
President Lincoln. 

29. Madison Court House, Va., burned by Union troops, on account 
of rebels firing upon them from windows in the place. 

MAY. 

3. Admiral Wilkes suspended from duty for three years and publiclv 
reprimanded. General Grant commences movements against Richmoncl. 

4. Union troops, under General Butler, advance up the Peninsula 
toward Richmond, and occupy Yorktown. West Point, &c. The Army 

39=^ 



466 Chronological Record. 

of the Potomac, under General Grant, cross the Rapidan -without oppo- 
sition. 

5. Gen. Butler transfers his army from Yorktown and West Point to 
City Point and Bermuda Hundred. 

6. Battle at Mine Run between the rebels, under Lee, and the Army 
of the Potomac, under General Grant ; the rebels defeated and driven 
][jack — Brigadier General James S. Wadsworth and Brigadier Alex. 
Hays among the killed. 

7. Gen. Thomas occupied Tunnel Hill, Ga. 

8. Balton, Ga., occupied by Union troops under General Thomas. 
Severe battle between the Union army under Gen. Grant and the rebels 
under Lee, near Spottsylvania Court House — Major General John Sedg- 
wick killed. 

9. The ganboats of General Banks and Admiral Porter's expedition 
up Red Ri^er succeed in getting down over the Falls near Alexandria, 
through the engineering skill of Lieutenant Colonel Bailey. Fight be- 
tween Union troops under General Butler and the rebels under Hill near 
Petersburg, Va. ; the latter handsomely whipped. Another terrible 
battle near Spottsylvania Court House between the Union and rebel 
armies. 

10. General Sheridan completes a successful raid in the rear of Lee's 
rebel army in Virginia, recapturing 500 Union soldiers, and destroying 
eight miles of railroad and two locomotives and three trains. Fight 
between Gen. Butler's troops and those of Beauregard, without definite 
results. 

11. The rebel army in Georgia driven by General Sherman to Buz- 
zard's Roost Mountain. 

12. Major General Hancock captures 7,000 rebels and thirty guns in 
a battle near Spottsylvania, Ya. Union troops evacuate Little Washing- 
ton, N. C, -when rebels enter and burn all the houses in the place except 
about twenty, — women robbed and turned adrift without food or shelter. 
The outer line of works of Fort Darling carried by Union troops under 
Generals Gilmore and Smith. General Sheridan captures the outer line 
of fortifications in front of Richmond. 

15. Resaca, Ga., captured by Gen. Sherman's army, with 1,200 pris- 
oners, ten guns and six trains going South for supplies ; Union loss in 
killed and wounded, 2,700. 

IG. Defeat of the rebels under Johnston, at Resaca, by General Sher- 
man. 

21. The rebels make a furious assault on Gen. Butler's lines, near 
Fort Darling, and are repulsed. 

23. The Union army under Gen. Grant, makes a grand flank move- 
ment against the rebels under Gen, Lee, resulting in a sharp fight and 
repulse of the rebels. Lee's rebel army falls back to the South Anna 
River; over GOO rebel soldiers captured by Union troops. 

25. The rebels, under Fitz Hugh Lee, attack the Union forces at 
Wilson's Whai'f, on the James Rive^ and are repulsed. 

2Q. Gen. Grant makes another flank movement on Lee's rebel armj*. 
crossing' the Pamunkey River at Hanovertown Ferry, and reaching a 
point within fourteen miles of Pv-ichmond. Surgeon General Hammond, 
U. S. A., convicted by court-martial. 

29. Fight between the rebels and General McPherson's Corps of 
Sherman's army at Dallas, Ga. ; the rebels driven back with a loss of 
5,500 in killed, wounded and prisoners. 



Chronological Record. 467 

JUNE. 

1. A rebel ironclad descends James River from Richmond, and at- 
tacks some Union monitors, but is repulsed after two hours' fighting. 

Fight between Union and rebel troops near Mechanicsville, Va. ; about 
4,U00 rebels captured. 

2. John C. Fremont resigns his position as Major General in the 
United States army. A portion of General Sherman's armj advances 
to occupy AUatoona Pass, Ga. Successful advance of General Grant's 
army to Cold Harbor, Ya. General Fitz Hugh Lee and 500 rebel cavalry 
captured by Gen. Butler's troops near White House, Va. 

3. Gen. Grant attempts to drive the rebels across the Chickahominy 
River, and is repulsed ; Union loss, o,000 — Union loss in three days 
7,500. "^ ' 

4. The rebels under Lee, attack Union lines near Bottom's Bridge, 
on the Chickahominy, but are repulsed. 

6. General Hunter defeats the rebels at Staunton, Va., captures 1,500 
prisoners, 3,000 stand of arms and 3 cannon, besides a large amount of 
stores, &c. ; rebel General W. E. Jones killed. 

7. National Union Convention assembles at Baltimore. 

8. The Baltimore Convention nominates Abraham Lincoln for Presi- 
dent, and Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, for Vice President. 

10. General Kautz, with his Union cavalry troops, charges the rebel 
■works in front of Petersburg, Va., and enters the place, but not being 
supported by General Gillmore, is compelled to retire. 

11. Fight between Union cavalry, under General Sheridan, and the 
rebels under J. E. B. Stewart ; defeat of the rebel troops and death of 
General Stewart. General Hunter burns the Virginia Military Institute, 
Governor Letcher's house, and captures 6 cannon and GOO horses, and a 
large amount of stores. 

12. John Morgan, rebel general, captures Cynthiana, Ky., and two 
Ohio regiments; General Burbridge, with Unioft troops, subsequently 
arrives, defeats the rebels, captures 400 prisoners and 1,000 horses. 

13. Expedition of 8,000 Union troops under General Sturgis defeated 
by 10,000 rebels under Generals Forrest, Lee and Roddy ; wagons and 
ammunition trains lost. Lexington, Va., captured by Union troops un- 
der Generals Crook and Averill. 

14. Army of the Potomac, under Grant makes another flank move- 
ment ; crosses the Chickahominy river, also the James River to the 
South side of Richmond. 

15. General (Baldy) Smith attacks the rebel defences in front of Pe- 
tersburg, and captures 13 cannon and about 350 prisoners. 

17. Desperate, but ineffectual attempt to capture Petersburg, Va., by 
Union troops ; loss, 8,000 men. 

18. Genera) Sherman enters Marietta, Ga., the rebels having evacu- 
ated the place. 

19. Fight off Cherbourg between the rebel cruiser Alabama, Captain 
Semmes, and the United States steamer Kearsarge, Captain Winslow ; the 
former sunk after an hour's fight. The rebels commence an invasion of 
Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

21. Fight with the rebels in Georgia ; an important position gained 
by General Sherman — rebel loss 700 men. Fight with, and repulse of 
the rebels at the White House, Va. 

22. Desperate fight between rebel and Union troops on the line of 
the Petersburg and Weldon Railroad — the Union troops driven from 
their position, but afterward regain it — a Union brigade gobbled up. 



468 Chronological Becoed. 

26, General Hunter completes a successful raid into Dixie, capturing 
and destroying over ^iro, 000,000 worth of property. 

27. General Sherman makes an unsuccessful assault upon the rebel 
lines at Kenesaw Mountain — Union loss, 2,500. 

30. Hon. Salmon P. Chase resigns his position as Secretary of the 
Treasury. New Taritf Bill passed by Congress. New Internal Revenue 
Act passed. Act passed to raise four hundred millions of dollars by 
six per cent, bonds. 

JULY. 

1. Hon. Wm. P. Fessenden, of Maine, appointed and confirmed as 
Secretary of the Treasury, in the place of Mr. Chase, resigned. 

2. Union cavah-y, under Gen. Wilson, returned from a successful raid 
south of Petersburg, having destroyed 50 miles of railroad and other 
rebel property. 

o. The rebels commence a new invasion of Maryland and Pennsyl- 
vania. General Sherman flanks the enemy at Kenesaw Mountain, and 
compels them to retreat. 

5. Harper's Ferry and Hagerstown occupied by rebels — the stores at 
Ilagerstown robbed. 

7. The rebels push their invading columns towards Pennsylvania, 
and repulse small bodies of Union troops found at dilferent points. 

8. Artillery tiglit in front of Petersburg, Va., — the town set on fire 
by shells from Union guns. Frederick, Md., evacuated by Union troops 
under Genei'al Wallace, and occupied by the rebels, who levy $200,000 
on the citizens. . 

9. Union troops, under General Wallace, defeated by the rebels at 
Monocacy Bridge. 

11. Governor Bradford's house robbed and burned by the rebels. — 
The rebels approach within 6 miles of Washington. 

12. Frederick, Md., reoccupied by Union troops. 

13. The rebels, after an unsuccessful attempt to capture Washington, 
retire across the Potomac. 

14. Fight between Union and rebel troops at Tupelo, Miss., — defeat 
of the latter. 

16. General Sherman's army successfully crosses the Chattahoochee 
River. 

18. Rebels whipped at Snicker's Gap by General Crook. President 
Lincoln issues a proclamation for 500,000 more volunteers. 

20. Severe fight between the armies of Sherman and Hood in front 
of Atlanta— severe assaults of Hood successfully repulsed. 

22. Terrible battle in front of Atlanta — rebel loss estimated at 7,000, 
15 stand of color, and 5,000 stand of arms, — Union loss about 3,200,— 
General McPherson (Union,) killed. 

2-1. General Rousseau (Union) completes a successful raid in Alabama 
and Georgia, capturing 800 mules and horses and about 700 contrabands. 

20. Union troops under General Averill defeated by rebels at Mar- 
tinsburg, Va. 

27. The rebel troops on North side of James River repulsed and de- 
feated, and four of them captured. 

28. Severe fight in front of Atlanta, Ga., between the rebel and Union 
armies — the rebels attack General Sherman, and are repiilsed with the 
loss of 1,000 in killed and wounded. 

30. A mine exploded under the rebel fortifications at Petersburg, Ya., 
■which are blown up with the troops in them, — a terrible battle ensues, 



Chronological Record. 469 



the Union storming column is repulsed with fearful slaughter, — Union 
loss, 6,000. 

81. A rebel force enter and burn nearly the whole town of Cham- 
bersburg, Pa., and rob the inhabitants, leaving them in the most desti- 
tute condition. 

AUGUST. 

3. Rebels under Gen. Early again occupy Mr.rtinsburg, Va., and 
Hagerstown, Md. 

4. Fight between rebel and Union troops at New Creek, Md. 

5. United States fleet, under Admiral Farragut, passes Forts Morgan, 
Gaines and Powell into Mobile Harbor, and captures the iron-clad ram 
Tennessee (with Admiral Buchanan on board) and gunboat Sebna, — the 
Union gunboat Tecumseh sunk by a torpedo or guns of Fort Morgan. 

6. Another rebel mine exploded in front of General Grant's lines 
without doing much damage, the event being prepared for. 

7. General Sherman makes an important flank movement in front of 
Atlanta. 

8. Fort Gaines, entrance of Mobile harbor, with 26 guns, 56 oilicers 
and 818 enlisted men, surrendered to the United States forces. Fort 
Powell, with 18 guns, blo\^n up and abandoned by the rebels. Union 
troops under General Averill defeat the rebels under McCausland. 

10. Explosion of army ordnance boat at City Point, Va., — 53 men 
killed and 126 wounded, and a large amount of government property 
destroyed. 

13. Defeat of the rebels on the North side of .James River, — over 500 
of the rebels, 13 cannon and 2 mortars captured. 

14. About three hundred rebels make an attack on Selma, Ky., and 
are repulsed. Union troops, under General Hancock, advance on the 
North side of James River to within 7 miles of Richmond, and capture 
600 rebels, 6 cannon and 2 mortars. 

16. Another advance by Union troops on the North side of .James 
River, — se^teral hundred prisoners and a few heavy guns captured. 

18. Advance of Union troops under General Warren across the Pe- 
tersburg and Weldon Railroad. — a terrible battle ensues without definite 
results, — Union loss about 2,500. 

19. Severe fight between the rebels and Union troops under General 
Warren, — the rebels repulsed, — Union loss 2,800. 

'■ 21. Another battle on the line of the Weldon and Petersburg Road, 
between Union troops, under General Warren and the rebels, — the latter 
repulsed with fearful slaughter, — Union loss about 3,000. 

22. The rebels make another desperate effort to drive General War- 
ren from the Petersburg and Weldon Railroad, but are again repulsed, 
with heavy loss. General Kilpatrick returned from a su«ccessful raiding 
expedition, — teai'S up 14 miles of railroad, captures 4 cannon and 200 
prisoners. ** 

23. Fort Morgan, Mobile Harbor, with all its guns, ammunition, &c., 
surrender to the United States forces. 

25. The rebels make another assault upon Union troops under Gen. 
Warren, on the line of Weldon and Petersburg Railroad, and recapture 
four miles of the road, — loss on each side, 5,000. 

SEPTEMBER. 

2. Atlanta, Ga., captured by Union troops, under Sherman,— 27 guT>g 
and 1,000 prisoners taken. Fight in the Shenandoah Valley, near Ber- 
ryville, Va., — defeat of the rebels— 20 wagons, 2 battle flags a^d many 
prisoners captured. 



-170 Chronological Eecord. 

4. Fight with rebels at Greenville, Tenn., — John Morgan, the no- 
lorious guerilla, killed, and his force dispersed. 

5. President Lincoln issues a proclamation of thanks to Admiral 
Farragut and Generals C.inby, Granger, Sherman and Sheridan, for 
their signal victories over tlie rebels. 

9. Successful night attack by Union troops on the rebel lines in front 
of Petersburg, Va., — an important position gained. 

18. Averill's Corps at Martinsburg, Va., attacked by the rebel Gen. 
Gordon, — the latter repulsed. 

19. Desperate fight with rebels at Opequan Creek, Shenandoah Val- 
ley, — the Union troops, under General Sheridan, capture 3,000 prison- 
ers, 15 battle flags and 5 guns. 

20. The British government order that no vessel belonging to the 
Confederates or United States shall enter British ports for the purpose 
of being dismantled or sold. 

22. Gen. Sheridan gains a great victory at Fisher's Hill, Shenandoah 
Valley, — captures 20 guns, beside caissons, horses and 1,100 prisoners — 
Union General Russell killed. 

29, Rebel fortifications on Chapin's Farm, near Richmond, Va., 
stormed and taken by Union troops — 15 guns ^lid 200 prisoners captured. 

30. The rebels make three unsuccessful attempts to drive the Union 
troops from Chapin's Farm, in front of Richmond. Advance of Union 
troops and defeat of the rebels at Poplar's Grove, near Petersburg, Va. 

OCTOBER. 

4, Severe fight between General Sherman's forces and the rebels at 
AUatoona, Tenn. 

7. The rebel pira(e Florida, with 12 officers and 58 of her crew cap- 
tured in the Bay of Baha, Brazil, by the United States steamer Wachusetts. 

8. Desperate fight with the rebels near Richmond, — severe loss of 
life on both sides. Rome, Ga., recaptured by the rebels, — some officers 
and 3,000 negroes taken prisoners. 

9. Fight with the rebels near Strasburg, Va.,— about 350 rebels and 
11 guns captured, 

12. Death of Chief Justice Taney. 

17. Capture of Ship's Gap, Tenn., by Sherman. 

18. A party of twenty-five armed rebels enter St. Albans, Vt., and 
rob three banks of .'? 150,000, and shoot five citizens, then flee to Canada, 
where they are arrested by the Canadian authorities. 

19. Great battle in the Shenandoah Valley, between Union forces, 
under General Sheridan, and the rebels, under Early, — defeat of the 
latter, and capture of 43 guns, beside caissons, horses and prisoners. 

28. The rebel ram Albermarle blown up in Roanoke River by a United 
States torpedo boat, under the command of Lieutenant Cushing. Fight 
between General Pleasanton's Union army and Price's rebel army at 
Newton, Mo.,— defeat of the latter— 2,000 rebels and 7,100 stand of 
arms captured. 

30. The State of Nevada admitted to the Union, officially announced. 

31, Capture of Plymouth, N. C, by Union troops. 

NOVEMBER. 

3. Fight between the Union forces, under Sherman, and the rebels, 
under Hood, — defeat of the latter. Rebel troops, under Price, attack 
Fayetteville, Ark., and are repulsed with a loss of about 1,000 in killed 
and wounded. 



Chronological IIecord. 471 



7. Night attack by rebels on Union troops in front of Petersburg, — 
repulse of the former. 

8. Presidential election — Abraham Lincoln carries every State except 
Delaware, Kentucky and New Jersey. 

9. General Sherman starts on a march tlirough Georgia to the coast. 

11. Rebels rush into Atlanta, supposing it to have been evacuated by 
Union troops, and are handsomely whipped, — 900 of them taken pri- 
soners. 

17. The rebels repulsed in a night attack on Union lines at Bermuda 
Hundred. 

28. Rebels, under General Paine, occupy New Creek and Piedmont, 
and destroy considerable property ; they are finally driven from the last 
named place. 

29. Roger A. Pryor, of Virginia, captured by Union pickets in front 
of Petersburg. 

DECEiMBER. 

1. Hood moving his forces against Thomas at Nashville. The Presi- 
dent orders the organization of the First Army Corps by General Han- 
cock. Hon. Wm. L. Dayton, Minister to France, dies at Paris. 

4. Six Southerners arrested in New York by order of General Dix, 
on suspicion of being engaged in a plot to fire the city. 

5. General Sherman's army united and marching on Savannah. A 
fight near Pocotaligo, S. C. 

6. General Sherman skirmishes with the rebels 25 miles from Savan- 
nah. General Foster and Admiral Dahlgren land near Pocotaligo and 
cut the Charleston Road, 

9. Captain Duncan of General Howard's scouts leaves Sherman's 
army to communicate with the coast. 

12. Heavy skirniishing between Hood nnd Thomas. Admiral Dahl- 
gren and aeneral Sherman in communication. The rebel General Lyon 
enters Hopkinsville, Ky. 

13. General Sherman investing Savannah. Admiral Porter's expe- 
dition leaves Fortress IMonroe for Wilmington. 

14. General Dix issues an order directing pursuit of the rebel raid- 
ers over the Canada border. Resolution offered demanding indemnity 
from England for the depredations of rebel pirates. Fort McAllister 
carried by storm. • 

15. General Thomas defeats Hood in front of Nashville. 

16. Thomas again victorious over Hood ; the rebel nrmj in full flight, 

17. Secretary Seward orders that passports be required of all per- 
sons entering or leaving the country, Thomas still pushing Hood, 

19, President Lincoln calls for 300,000 more men. 

20, Hood crosses Duck River, after losing half his army, 51 guns 
and nearly all his generals ; Thomas in close pursuit, Hardee evacuates 
Savannah by the Union causeway. 

21, Rear Admiral Farragut confirmed by the Senate as Vice-Admiral. 
Admiral Porter's fleet in sight of Wilmington, N, C. Sherman makes a 
triumphal entree into Savannah, 

22, "Hood at Pulaski in full retreat, with a demoralized mob, and a 
victorious army upon his heels. 

24. Gordonsville occupied by a U^nion force. The naval and military 
expedition under Porter and Butler make an attack on Fort Fisher, and 
the powder-boat is exploded within 300 yards of the fort. 

25. General Steedman moving on Decatur on Hood's rear. The at- 
tack on Fort Fisher renewed, and troops landed in the rear. 



472 Chronological Record. 



2G, Admiral Poi-ter continues the bombardment of Fort Fisher. 

27, The expedition against Wilmington withdrawn. Admiral Porter 
continues the attack. Hood crosses the Tennessee on pontoons ; Thomas 
purs