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founder of the city of Cleveland, Ohio, 
was bom January 29, 1754, at the town 
of Canterbury, Windham county, Con- 
necticut, the second son of Colonel Aaron and 
Thankful (Paine) Cleaveland. 

Colonel Aaron Cleaveland was the fifth son 
and tenth child of Josiah Cleaveland, who mar- 
ried Abigail Paine. Colonel Cleaveland was 
born in Canterbury, Connecticut, November 27, 
1727. His father, Josiah Cleaveland, was born 
in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, October 7, 1690, 
and was the eldest son and child of Josiah and 
Mary (Bates) Cleaveland. With his parents he 
removed to Connecticut when he was a child of 
four years. He is said to have been a man of 
great ability, prominent in the affairs of the 
town of Canterbury, both in a civil and eccle- 
siastical way, and there died February 9, 1750, 
leaving a good estate. His father, Josiah Cleave- 
land, the first, was the fifth son and eiglith child 
of Moses and Ann (Winn) Cleaveland, and was 
born at Woburn, Massachusetts, February 16, 
1667, and, as did his brother, Samuel, he set- 
tled in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, and later 
removed to Canterbury, Connecticut, which 
remained his home till his death, April 26, 
1709. He served in the Indian wars and was a 
much respected citizen. 

His father, Moses Cleaveland, who died at 
Woburn, Massachusetts, January 9, 1701, is 
said to be the ancestor of all the " Cleavelands," 
or " Clevelands," in America who are of New 

England origin. It has been written by an 
eminent antiquarian that the Clevelands of 
America have descended from William Cleve- 
land, who removed from York to Hinckley, in 
Leicestershire, England, where he died and was 
buried in January of 1630. Tiiomas Cleve- 
land, his son, became Vicar of Hinckley. 
William Cleveland also had a son, Samuel, and 
it appears that this Samuel Cleveland was the 
father of Moses Cleaveland, the emigrant to 
America in 1635. The name '■ Cleaveland " it 
appears is of Saxon origin, and was given to a 
distinguished family in Yorkshire, England, 
prior to the Norman conquest. The family 
occupied a large landed estate which was pecu- 
liarly marked by open fissures in its rocky soil, 
styled " clefts " or " cleves " by the Saxons, and 
by reason of the peculiarity of the estate its 
occupants were called " Clefttands," which name 
was accepted by the family. The name was 
written with every possible variety of orthog- 
raphy, and at last the almost universal spell- 
ing of "Cleveland" became established; but 
General Cleaveland never wrote liis name other 
than " Cleaveland.'" 

Moses Cleveland, the parent tree of the fam- 
ily in America, landed at Boston in the year 
1635, where he resided for seven years, and 
then, with Edwin Winn and others, founded 
the town of AYoburn, in 1640, and there he per- 
manently settled. In 1643 he became what was 
called a " freeman," the qualifications of which 
required that one should be of " godly walk and 


conversation, at least twentj'-one years of age. 
take an oath of allegiance to the governinent of 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, be worth two hun- 
dred pounds, and consent to hold office, if 
elected, or pay a line of forty shillings, and 
vote at all elections or pay the same fine." So 
onerous were these conditions and restrictions 
that many who were eligible preferred not to 
become freemen, being more free as they were; 
but Moses Cleveland, born of noble ancestry, 
became a freeman, and, thinking that the an- 
cestral blood in his veins was of superior quality, 
considered it proper that it should be trans- 
mitted; so after a brief courtship he wedded, 
in 1648, .Anne Winn, a daughter of his es- 
teemed friend, Edwin Winn. He became the 
father of eleven children, and from him have 
descended a race not only numerous but also 
noted for great moral worth and excellent traits 
of character. This worthy progenitor was a 
man of intelligence and great enterprise. He 
was a housewright, or builder, by trade. 

Colonel Aaron Cleveland, the father of him 
whose name forms the caption of this personal 
memoir, served as a captain in the French and 
Indian war, and at Fort Edward was with his 
command in the winter of 1756-'57. He bore 
a conspicuous part in the struggles of the Kev- 
olution as a gallant soldier and efiBcient ofKcer. 
He witnessed Governor Tryon's assault upon 
Horse-neck, and the plunge of General Putnam 
down the steep bluff, as bullets from the bafSed 
dragoons whizzed by him, even piercing his 
hat. Colonel Cleveland lived to see the suc- 
cessful close of the war, and on the 14th day of 
April, 1785, died, at his native town. 

He married, in Canterbury, June 7, 1748, 
Miss Thankful Paine, a woman of culture, who 
survived him many years, dying in 1822, at the 
age of eighty-nine years. They had ten chil- 
dren, of whom Moses was the second son and 

When but a child Moses Cleaveland gave evi- 
dence of a strong mind and excellent traits of 
character, which fixed the determination of his 
parents to give him a liberal education. When 

he arrived at the proper age they sent him to 
Yale College, where he graduated in 1777. 
His tastes and character of mind probably led 
him into the legal profession. At his native 
town he began the practice of law and very 
soon became a successful advocate. He gained 
prominence, and his abilities soon attracted 
public attention. In 1779 Congress recognized 
his merits by appointing him captain of a com- 
pany of sappers and miners in the United States 
army. Under this commission he served sev- 
eral years, and then resigned to take up again 
the practice of law. Subsequently he served 
several terms in the State Legislature, with dis- 
tinction. Aside from gaining prominence in 
his profession and as a legislator, he was also a 
prominent Mason, and was once Grand Marshal 
of the Grand Lodge of Connecticut. 

In Canterbury, Connecticut, he married, 
March 21, 1794, Miss Esther Champion, daugh- 
ter of Henry Champion, Esq., by whom he had 
four children, named Mary Esther, Francis 
Moses, Frances Augusta and Julius Moses. 
Through the subordinate military grades he 
was promoted, and in the early part of 1796 he 
was advanced to the Generalship of the Fifth 
Brigade of the State militia. 

As a colony, Connecticut acquired by grant 
from King Charles II., of England, in 1662, 
that vast tract of territory lying between the 
same parallels forming the northern and south- 
ern boundaries of the colony and extending 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean. The 
geography of the king was bad, for in granting 
lands to the variotis colonies he gave conflicting 
grants, and upon the formation of the Federal 
government several States set claim to western 
territory. In 1786 Connecticut relinquished 
her claim, Congress allowing her to retain only 
that part of the territory now known as the 
" Western Reserve," and which embraces the 
northeastern part of Ohio, covering 3,800,000 
acres. During the Revolution there were many 
citizens who had suffered great losses of prop- 
erty by fire, and in 1792 Connecticut donated 
to such citizens 500,000 acres of this land. 


afterward known as tlie "fire lands;" and in 
1795 the State autliorized the sale of the re- 
maining part of the Western Reserve, and a 
committee to effect the sale was appointed. 
The " Connecticut Land Company " became 
the purchasers, paying the price of $1,200,000, 
which became a permanent fund for the sup- 
port of common sciiools in Connecticut. 

To look after the interests of this company 
there was appointed a board of general man- 
agers, among whom was Moses Cleaveland, who 
was a shareholder in the land company. This 
board of directors, on the 12th of May, 1796, 
commissioned General Cleaveland to go on to 
said land as superintendent over the agents and 
men sent to survey, and make locations on the 
lands, and to make and enter into friendly rela- 
tions with the natives on the land, and their 
neighbors. He was also instructed to secure 
such friendly intercourse amongst those who 
had any pretended claim to the lands as would 
establish peace, quiet and safety in the survey- 
ing and settling of such lands also as were not 
ceded by the natives under the authority of the 
United States. To accomplish this work he 
was authorized and empowered to act and 
transact the business by making contracts and 
to make such drafts on the treasury as might be 
necessary. The commission also placed under 
his directions all agents and men sent out to 
survey and settle the lands. Thus it is seen 
that to the skill, judgment and tact of General 
Cleaveland was completely left the management 
of the affairs of tiie company. 

The Western Reserve was then called " New 
Connecticut," and into the wilds of this terri- 
tory General Cleaveland led the first surveying 
and exploring party. This party numbered 
fifty persons, of whom there were General 
Cleaveland, land agent; Augustus Porter, prin- 
cipal surveyor; Seth Pease, astronomer and 
surveyor; Moses Warren, Amos Spaflord, John 
M. Holley, and Richard M. Stoddard, assistant 
surveyors; Joshua Stow, commissary; Theodore 
Shipherd, physician; Joseph Tinker, boatman; 
Seth Hart, chaplain ; thirty-seven employes and 

a few immigrants. In tlie party there were 
but two women, and they were married and 
came with their husbands. Along with them 
the party brought to tlie wilds of the Western 
Reserve thirteen horses and several head of cat- 
tle, of whicb a few of the party took charge, 
and started out on their trip from Schenectady, 
New York, where the whole party had concen- 
trated in June, 1796. Others of tlie expedi- 
tion, including General Cleaveland, passed by 
boats up the Mohawk river to Fort Stannix 
(now Rome), where they transfeired their boats 
over the portage to Wood creek, down which 
they passed to Oneida lake, thence over the 
lake and its outlets to Oswego river and on to 
Lake Ontario. Passing in their boats along the 
southern shore of Ontario, they reached the 
mouth of the Niagara river, up which they 
passed to Queenstown; they then crossed the 
seven-mile portage to Chippewa; then, again 
ascending the Niagara, passed into Lake Erie 
and on to Buffalo, where they joined tiiose of 
their party who had gone by land, in charge of 
the horses and cattle. 

At Buffalo General Cleaveland was greeted 
by an opposition from a delegation of Seneca 
and Mohawk Indians, under Red Jacket and 
Colonel Brant, who in anticipation of his arrival 
had awaited him for the purpose of preventing 
him from progressing on his expedition to the 
Western Reserve, to which territory they set 
claim. The Indians, however, consented to 
hold a conference with General Cleaveland, who 
was successful in quieting their claims by pre- 
senting them with goods valued at about $1,200. 

Along the southeastern shore of Lake Erie 
the expedition was continued, and on the 4th 
of July, 1796, the mouth of Conneaut creek, in 
the Western Reserve, was reached. Here the 
party gave evidence of joy and patriotism by 
giving three deafening cheers and naming the 
place Port Independence, and the day and event 
were likewise appropriately celebrated. The 
American flag fanned the breezes, a bountiful 
dinner of baked pork and beans and other 
luxuries was spread, their muskets were fired in 


salute, and speeches were made. The shades 
of night closed a day of celebration, the 
first of it kind to occur on the Western 

The next day these pioneers built a log cabin 
or so for the immediate accommodation of the 
party and their supplies. This occasioned in- 
quisitivcness on the part of the Indians in the 
vicinity, who sought to know why white men 
had encroached upon their domains. A coun- 
cil was provided for and General Cleaveland as 
the " Great White Chief " was the " chair- 
man;" and the work of the council began with 
smoking the " pijie of peace." An address to 
the "Great AVhite Chief" was delivered by 
Cato, the son of the old Indian chief, Piqua. 
The Indians were conciliated by gifts of a few 
glass beads and a keg of whiskey, and the work 
of the surveyors was begun, each detachment of 
surveyors being assigned special work and in- 
structed where to begin their survey by General 

During the next few weeks General Cleave- 
land, with a select few of his staff in boats, 
passed along the shore of Lake Erie to what he 
supposed was the mouth of the Cuyahoga river, 
but in an attempt to ascend the river found 
obstructions in the way of sandbars and fallen 
trees, and the water being shallow he became 
convinced that it was not the Cuyahoga river; 
and such was his chagrin that the name " Cha- 
grin " was given to the stream, by which it has 
since been known. 

July 22d of the same year (1796) he reached 
the Cuyahoga river and landed on the eastern 
bank near its mouth. He and his staff ascended 
the steep bank, and for the first time they be- 
held a beautiful and elevated plain extending to 
the east, west and south, and covered with a 
dense forest of graceful trees. This beautiful 
plain, touched by the Cuyahoga river on the 
west and Lake Erie on the north, impressed 
him as being a favorable site for a city, no 
doubt to become of great commercial impor- 
tance. An area of one square mile was sur- 
veyed and laid off in city lots. 

In October, 1796, the surveys were com- 
pleted by the surveyors, who gave to the pros- 
pective city the name " Cleaveland," in honor 
of their chief, who accepted the compliment 
with characteristic modesty. Three log cabins 
for the accommodation of the surveyors were 
erected on the hillside near the river and a 
spring pouring forth an abundant supply of 

In 1796 four souls constituted the resident 
population of Cleveland; in 1797 the population 
increased to fifteen, and in 1800 it was reduced 
to seven by removals elsewhere. In 1820 one 
hundred and fifty people lived in Cleveland, 
and in 1830 the first census taken by the United 
States showed it to have a population of 1,075. 
The completion of the Ohio canal, with its 
northern terminus at Cleveland, gave better 
commercial advantages to the place, and, giving 
confidence also, assured the city's future pros- 

In 1830 the first newspaper was established 
in Cleveland, and was known as the Cleaveland 
Advertiser; but so small was the sheet that in 
order to give room for the " heading," which 
was too long for the " form," the letter " a " in 
the first syllable of the word " Cleaveland " was 
dropped and thus the adoption of the spelling 
" Cleveland," which the public at once accepted. 

Within less than a century the city of Cleve- 
land has grown to such gigantic proportions as 
to now possess a population of 300,000, and 
this beautiful city that inherits the name of its 
founder cherishes his memory with a pride that 
approaches reverence. In honor of him and in 
appreciation of his character and public services 
the city has erected on its beautiful public 
square a statue to his memory. The accom- 
panying portrait of General Moses Cleaveland 
is from a likeness said to be an excellent one of 

In his bearing General Cleaveland was manly 
and dignified. He wore such a sedate look that 
strangers often took him for a clergyman. He 
had a somewhat swarthy complexion, which in- 
duced the Indians to believe him akin to their 


own race. He bad black bair, quick and pene- 
trating eyes. Pie was of medium lieight, erect, 
thick-set and portly,and was of muscular limbs 
and his step was of a military air, all of which 
indicated that he was born to be a leader of 
men. He was a man of few words and of 
prompt action. The rigid, pure morality of his 
puritan fathers characterized this good man. 
He did not only achieve a great work in the 
founding of a great city, but many were his 
achievements and an honorable and useful life 
he lived. In life he had a purpose and lived 
for a purpose. He was of a decisive character, 
positive and lirm, yet socially he was both 
pleasant and agreeable, and was everybody's 
friend, and everybody seemed to be his friend. 
He was of strong courage and amid threatening 
dangers he was as calm as he was shrewd in his 
tactics and management. He died at Canter- 
bury, Connecticut, November 16, 1806, at the 
age of fifty-three years. He was born to lead 
a career of unusual interest, and his commission 
was to transform a wilderness into a civilized 


of the most exacting of all the higher 
lines of occupation to which a man 
may lend his energies is that of a physician. A 
most scrupulous preliminary training is de- 
manded and a nicety of judgment little under- 
stood by the laity. Then again the profession 
brings one of its devotees into almost constant 
association with the sadder side of life — that of 
pain and suffering — so that a mind capable of 
great self-control and a heart responsive and 
sympathetic are essential attributes of him who 
would essay the practice of the healing art. 
Thus when professional success is attained in 
any instance it may be taken as certain that 
such measure of success has been thoroughly 

The subject of this refiume, who ranks with 
the eminent and successful practitioners of 
Cleveland, was born in Wellington, Lorain 

county, Ohio, July 27, 1855, the son of Henry 
D. and Miranda L. (Davison) Humiston, who 
are now residents of New Haven, Connecticut, 
and from prominent NeW England ancestry. 
The family is of Scotch, Irish and English e.x- 
traction and Great Barrington, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, was the abiding place of 
the lineal descendants for many generations. 

Onr subject grew to maturity and received 
hi.s preliminary educational training in Lorain 
and Wayne counties, Ohio. His supplementary 
literary education was secured in Wayne county 
and at Worthington, Minnesota. From Worth- 
ington he went to the University of Michigan, 
where he passed two years as assistant to Cory- 
don L. Ford, professor of anatomy. He then 
went with Professor Ford to the Long Island 
College Hospital, New York, where he se- 
cured the highest honors with the graduating 
class of 1879, and was soon thereafter tendered 
the position of house surgeon, simply upon merit. 

The Doctor began the practice of his profes- 
sion in the city of Cleveland in the fall of 1879, 
and his enterprise and marked ability soon se- 
cured recognition in the way of bringing to him 
a large and representative clientele. In the 
spring subsequent to his location here he was 
elected a member of the Board of Health, being 
the youngest representative in that important 
body. In this capacity he served for six years, 
when his health became impaired. He went 
abroad for a season of recuperation and for the 
purpose of further prosecuting his studies and 
especially pressing forward his investigations in 
the line of gynecology. He was absent two 
years, which time was passed in London, Paris, 
Berlin, Vienna and Dublin. In 1887 he was 
made a fellow of the British Gynecological 
Society, and also of the British Medical Asso- 
ciation. After his return to his home he 
opened a private hospital for the treatment of 
the diseases of women, with especial attention 
to those disorders which demand the interven- 
tion of surgeiy. He is still conducting this 
hospital, which is located at No. 874 Scranton 


Dr. Huiiiiston is president of the Cleveland 
Medical Society, a member of the American 
Medical Association, of the Ohio State Medical 
Society, of the Cleveland Society of Medical 
Sciences and the Northeastern Ohio Medical 
Association, consulting gynecologist to the City 
Hospital and vice-president of the Hospital Staff. 

In social and fraternal affiliations the Doctor 
is identified with I. O. O. F., with that notal)le 
organization, tiie First Cleveland Troops, and 
with the Union Club. He is vice president of 
the Pearl Street Loan and Savings Company. 

He was married at Circleville, Ohio, in 1884, 
when he wedded Miss Harriet Miller, the ac- 
complished daughter of Adam Miller, a promi- 
nent resident of that place. Dr. and Mrs. Hum- 
iston have two children: Florence L. and Will- 
iam T. The attractive family home is located 
at 10i7 East Madison avenue, and the Doctor 
also has a very delightful summer cottage at 
Dover Bay Park. 


r\ EV. F. WESTERHOLT, who is pastor 
of the St. Peter's (German) Catholic 
Church of Cleveland, was born in West- 
plalia, Germany, May 31, 1827, and has 
been Rector of the above church for twenty-six 
years, having become its pastor in 1867. Rev. 
Westerholt is the son of Hermann H. and Ger- 
trude (Panning) Westerholt. His father died 
in 1829, at the age of forty-nine years, and his 
mother died at the age of fifty-seven years. 
Having lost his mother when a child, he was 
subsequently induced to come to Cleveland, by 
an uncle, a brother of his mother, and here he 
lived from 1851 to 1855. He became a priest 
in Defiance in that year, and remained there for 
three years, and during this time he had nine 
missions. In 1858 he went to Delphos, Allen 
county, Ohio, where he remained nine and a 
half years, and had one large congregation of 
over 300 families, besides several missions. 
Before coming to America Rev. Westerholt had 
received a fair education in Germany, but on 
coming to this counti-y he completed his eccle- 

siastical education at St. Mary's Theological 
Seminary. For a time he lived with his uncle, 
G. H. Panning, in Mercer coiinty, Ohio, during 
which time he taught one term in the Catholic 
schools of that county. 

He was ordained priest, July 8, 1855, and 
from Delphos, Ohio, he returned to Cleveland 
to become pastor of St. Peter's Church and Vicar 
General. He was installed in this position Jan- 
uary 16, 1868, the successor of Rev. J. H. Luhr, 
the first pastor, and has retained the rectorship 
of this church from that date to this. 

In 1S69 Rev. Westerholt accompanied Right 
Rev. Bishop Rappe to Rome, Italy, to assist in 
the Vatican Council, as companion of Bishop 
Rappe. Before returning to America a visit 
was paid Egypt and the Holy Land, many places 
of historic importance being visited. In June, 
1870, they returned to America and at once 
Rev. Westerholt resumed his duties as pastor at 

On taking charge of the parish in 1868 the 
congregation was small and the house of wor- 
ship was inferior; now the congregation is one 
of the largest, and the church building is one of 
the best in the State of Ohio. At first the con- 
gregation consisted of about 200 families; now 
there are over 600 families. 

Rev. Westerholt was the originator of the St. 
Francis (German) Catholic Church on Superior 
street near Becker avenue, and has done much 
efiectual work in the upbuilding of the Catholic 
Church in Cleveland. When he first came to 
Cleveland there were but two little frame church 
buildings of their church in the city; now there 
are twenty-nine flourishing congregations, all 
having good church buildings. He was the 
one to introduce in Cleveland the Sisters of 
Notre Dame, who have an academy here. It is 
remembered that their work was highly praised 
and admired at the World's Fair at Chicago. 
In tlie success of introducing the Sisters of Notre 
Dame in Cleveland Father Westerholt can take 
just pride, for they have done much good for 
education in the city. Since 1870 he has had 
an assistant. 


Fatlier Westerholt is one of the oldest and 
most worthy fathers in the Catiiolic Church of 
Cleveland. He has noted remarl<able changes 
and a marvelous growth in his church, indica- 
tive of hard work and successful laborers, in 
which .he has always taken just pride. He has 
served his church longer, in point of time, 
than any father now in tlie city. He is a man 
of worth and is highly esteemed for many ster- 
ling qualities of head and heart. 

TlOHN WALKER. — Longfellow wrote: 
b-, I "We judge ourselves by what we feel cap- 
^^ able of doing, while others judge us by what 
we have already done." If this golden sentence 
of the New England poet were universally ap- 
plied, many a man who is now looking out of 
himself with haughty stare down upon the noble 
toilers on land and sea, sneering at tlie omission 
of the aspirate, the cut of his neighbor's coat, 
or the humbleness of his dwelling, would be 
voluntarily doing penance in sackcloth and 
ashes, at the end of which he would handle a 
spade, or, with pen in hand, burn the midnight 
oil in his study, in the endeavor to make two 
blades of grass grow where only one grew be- 
fore, or to widen the bounds of liberty, or to 
accelerate the material and spiritual progress of 
his race. 

A bright example of one of the world's 
workers, is the man w*hose name introduces this 
biographical sketch. Mr. AValker was born in 
old England, in the broad-acred county of York- 
shire, noted for its hospitality. The date of his 
birth was August 3, 1847, and the town 
Middlesborough-on Tees. His father, James 
Walker, was a son of a blacksmith and was 
born August, 1824, in the factory town of 
Keighley, Yorkshire. He was one of six 
brothers, all mechanics. James Walker was a 
plain iron founder, who could sleek a mold, fix 
a core, pour a casting, or make a contract as 
well as any man in tlie iron districts of England. 
He died at Middlesboroiigh, January 6, 1877. 

His mother, Jane Walker, was born Septem- 
ber 25, 1828, near Newcastle-on-Tyne, but the 
family left their old homestead, about the year 
1832 for the new town of Middlesborough, 
which Gladstone about that time described as 
" the youngest child of England's enterprise," 
and which to-day is known throughout the 
world as the Ironopolis of England. Her father 
was a potter by trade, and an enthusiastic 
musician and prominent Oddfellow, until the 
time of his death, November 27, 1850. Her 
mother died sixteen years later. Jane Walker 
was a true and devoted wife, and has proved an 
affectionate mother and friend. James and 
Jane Walker were married December 31, 1846, 
at St. Hilda's Church, Middlesborough ou-Tees, 
Yorkshire, England. Mr. Walker is the only 
child of these estimable parents. The son was 
educated first in a common school and after a 
course of study in the private academy of 
Thomas Ainsworth, a teacher of the old regime, 
he served seven years and a half apprenticeship 
in the workshops of Bolckow, Vaughan & Com- 
pany, the largest iron concern in the world, 
with a capital of 115,500,000. 

Although twenty-four winters have come and 
gone since Mr. Walker crossed the Atlantic to 
seek his fortune under the " Stars and Stripes," 
the happy customs of his native land have not 
forsaken him, for his present residence and 
grounds, near the southern shore of Lake Erie, 
is the scene every Fourth of July of a great 
gathering of English folk from all sections of 
northern Ohio, and Sous of St. George from all 
parts of the State ever find a hearty welcome 
in his hospitable home. Esteemed for qualities 
of heart and mind alike, Mr. Walker is to-day 
one of the most popular Americans of English 
stock in this country. 

Upon coming to the United States he settled 
in Philadelphia, and for a time was in the em- 
ploy of William Sellers & Company, where he 
invented his famous Gear Scale, for setting out 
graphically the form of teeth for gear wheels. 
Subsequently Mr. Walker was connected with 
William AVright & Company, of Newburc, New 


York; tlicii with Pool & Ilnnt of Baltimore, 
iinii later with Nordjke tfc Marinon of Imlian- 

In tlie year 1SS2 it became his purpose to 
organize a compaiiy for tlie manufacture of 
specialties under his own patent rights. lie 
was snccessful in interesting tlie following 
gentlemen: J. B. Perkins; Gen. M. D. Leggett, 
now a prominent attorney of Cleveland, who 
was Commissioner of Patents under General 
Grant; Hon. George W. Gardner, cx-niayor of 
Cleveland; Mr. H. T. Taylor, Mr. T. Kil- 
patrick, and others. A company was formed 
September 20, 1882, and to-day that com- 
pany has a world-wide reputation as " The 
Walker Manufactiirinir Company " of the city 
of Cleveland. 

Mr. Walker has quite a genius for mechanics, 
combined with remarkable executive ability. 
It was five years after the organization of the 
above named company that he brought out the 
great invention with which his name has been 
identified, and for which the Walker Manufac- 
turing Company is specially renowned. This 
invention was conceived by Mr. Walker as the 
result of his observations in the Cable Power 
House in Kansas City, Missouri, where he was 
watchin£f the sparks Hying from the winding 
drums, due to the friction of the cables. To 
him the question arose how this disastrous wear 
and tear could be prevented. He at once con- 
ceived the idea of a drum with differential rings, 
and straightway proceeded to his room in the 
Coates Hotel, where he made a drawing of this 
conception, a photograph of which may be seen 
at the works of the Walker IVIanufacturing 
Company. This company are makers of cable 
railway machinery, machine molded gears and 
pulleys. Walker's patent cranes, and general 
power-transmitting machinery, etc. J. B. Per- 
kins is president of the company; John Walker, 
vice-president and general jnanager; Z. M. 
Hubbell, secretary and treasurer; and W. H. 
Bone, works Tnanager. The company was in- 
corporated in 1882, with a capital of ^125,000. 
The works were at once established, and en- 

tered upon a career of unusual prosperity. It 
was soon found that, in order to meet the 
rapidly growing demands upon their resources, 
the establishment must be enlarged. In accord- 
ance with this need, the company purchased, 
in 1886, the entire plant of the Whipple Manu- 
facturing Company, adjoining their original 
works. They rebuilt, repaired and refitted the 
shops, thus nearly doubling their manu- 
facturing capacity. Since then, an im- 
mense machine shop and foundry have been 
built and equipped with massive machinery for 
finishing heavy work. Over 600 hands are 
employed in all departments, and their produc- 
tions are sold throughout the United States 
and in all parts of the civilized world. This 
company has built and put in operation cable 
machinery for the Metropolitan Street Railway 
Company, Kansas City, Missouri; St. Louis 
Cable & Western Railway, St. Louis, same 
State; AVashington it Georgetown Railroad Co., 
W^ashington, D. C; People's Railway Com- 
pany, St. Louis, Missouri; Baltimore City Pas- 
senger Railway Company, Baltimore, Mary- 
land; Catskill Mountain Cable Railway Com- 
pany, Catskill, New York; Cleveland City 
Cable Railway Company, Cleveland, Ohio, and 
others, making twenty complete cable plants 
in all. 

Besides this special work, they manufactured 
a full line of hydraulic machinery, traveling 
cranes, foundry equipment, etc., and make a 
specialty of shafting, pulleys, hangers, and 
machine molded gears; mostly produced under 
Mr. Walker's patents, which up to date (18<J3) 
number sixty-two, and to whose skill the phen- 
omenal success of this concern is mainly due. 
Mr. Walker is the inventor of the patent mold- 
ing machine used by the company, by means 
of which are produced large quantities of light 
and heavy gears, of improved design and ac- 
curate pitch, and much more rapidly than by 
any other process. 

Prior to the year 1888 Mr. Walker's time 
and genius had been almost exclusively devoted 
to the liuilding up of an engineering business. 


the interesting story of which is told above, 
and which will be welcome to all who can ap- 
preciate hard work and that indomitable per- 
severance which have practically made the Eng- 
lish race the masters of the world. 

So far as Mr. Walker's business career is 
concerned, we have indicated enough to give a 
clear conception of his well earned snccess. 
There are other features, however, of his career 
in life to which we proudly call attention. In 
1887 transpired the world-wide celebration of 
the Queen's jubilee. The British-American 
citizens of Cleveland, and the joint committee 
of the English, Scotch, Welsh and Manx so- 
cieties, looking around for a worthy representa- 
tive of old England, selected John Walker, the 
rising manufacturer, as chairman. His tine 
presence, honest English face, hearty manner, 
unblemished record and growing popularity, 
eminently fitted him for this position, and the 
souvenir and newspaper records of that time 
indicate the wisdom of the choice, for a more 
brilliant celebration was not held outside the 
British isles, English and American alike, 
vying with each other in doing honor to the 
noble queen of England. Mr. Walker retains 
with pride the following telegram: 

" WiNDSOE, England, June 27, 1887. 
"Mr. John Walker, Cleveland, Ohio:— 
The Queen thanks the British and American 
residents of Cleveland for their kind telegram." 

From that royal time Mr. Walker lias been 
regarded as the foremost representative of the 
English community in Cleveland, with its 
300,000 inhabitants. 

When Past Grand President Harry Phipps 
requested Mr. Walker to join the Order Sons 
of St. George he unhesitatingly consented, and 
was initiated into Albion Lodge, No. 44, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1888. November 4, 1889, he was 
publicly presented by the members of the 
Albion Lodge, Xo. 44, with an illuminated 
certificate of the order, elegantly framed, as a 
token of respect and esteem; and, although the 
responsibilities of the immense industry bear- 

ing his name have prevented regular attend- 
ance at the lodge meetings, his means and in- 
fluence are always at the service of the seven 
lodges in Cleveland; in fact, his name is a house- 
hold word in the English-American homes of 
the city, for many a forlorn countryman in 
need of help has found John Walker a true 

The story of General Walker's career in the 
I Army of Uniformed Sir Knights has Ijeen told 
; with such minutife in the columns of news- 
papers and journals that it is needless to re- 
capitulate them in detail in this brief mention 
j of his honorable life. His appointment to the 
I command of the Ohio Division in February, 
I 1892, his unanimons election to the post of 
Lientenant-General, commanding the Army, on 
October 18, 1892, at the Detroit General 
Military Council; his great triumph at Chicago 
in 1893 in bringing about the unification of the 
divided forces of the army, are all as a pleasant 
tale. If he has achieved nothing more than the 
nnity of the brotherhood in the bonds of peace, 
he has done a work that will redound to his 
honor and renown in the history of this organ- 
ization. It must be admitted that General 
Walker is a leader of ability and great executive 
power. He has a magnetic power of drawing 
to his standard men of real worth and ability, a 
fact which is a powerful testimony to his ster- 
ling character, and when to this is added the 
splendid record of self-sacrificing work done by 
Mr. Walker, it is fitting not only that he has 
been elevated to the important post of Lieu- 
tenant-General, commanding the Army of the 
Uniformed Sir Knights, Order Sons of St. 
George, but that he has been elevated in the 
highest esteem, confidence and deference of his 
fellow citizens. 

Mr. Walker married Rose Hannah Calvert, 
of Further Gate, Blackburn, Lancashire, Eng- 
land, on September 21, 1867. Mrs. Walker was 
born September, 184.5. Her father, Benjamin 
Calvert, was a cotton power-loom weaver. In 
1891 Mr. Walker and his family made a three- 
months tour in Europe, visiting London, Paris, 


and other famous continental cities. The pleas- 
ant feature of the tour was the joy with which 
they were greeted and the public receptions 
given in their honor in the towns of Blackburn, 
Lancashire and Middlesborough, where Mr. 
Walker spent his happy youthful days, all evi- 
dencing that he came here with a clean record. 
While in Blackburn, England, he laid a memo- 
rial stone for a new Methodist school, an exten- 
sion of the one he attended twenty-four years 
previously. A mallet with a suitable inscrip- 
tion on a silver plate was presented as a souvenir 
of the occasion. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walker are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Cleveland, and 
contribute largely of their means and influence 
to the cause of church, as well as of education. 

We oifer the above as a brief review of the 
achievements of General "Walker as an American 
citizen, as a Son of St. George and Uniformed 
Sir Knight, to which is added his achievements 
as a mechanical engineer, and all is a heritage 
which any man can hand down to his children 
with pardonable pride. 

, RESTES C. PINNEY, one of the most 
prominent attorneys of the Forest City, 
is also one of the most prominent citizens 
of northern Ohio. To pursue a chronological 
order in giving our brief sketch of him, we will 
first state that his father was a native of New 
England, born in West Farmington, Connecti- 
cut, in 1805. In ISBi, with his wife and two 
children, he emigrated to Ohio, coming with an 
ox team. In 1840 he located on 100 acres of 
land in Hart's Grove, Ashtabula county, which 
place was at the time a dense forest excepting 
that one acre had been partially cleared; and 
this point was his home until his death, when 
he M'as seventy-four years of age. 

Uis father, the grandfather of Orestes, was a 
Captain in the Revolutionary war, whose 
brother was a Lieutenant in the same contest. 

Mr. Orestes C. Pinney, the youngest of his 
parents' nine children, was born April 27, 1851, 
reared on the farm and attended the Geneva 
(Ohio) Normal School. Leaving the farm in 
Hart's Grove in the autumn of 1867, he was 
employed a few days in the erection of a mill- 
dam at Windsor Mills in Ashtabula county, 
and spent the remainder of that fall digging po- 
tatoes iu Harpersfield and Madison, and earned 
besides his board $47.90. The ensuing winter 
he taught the Wheeler Creek public school in 
Geneva, four months, earning besides his ijoard 
$100. From this start he continued his educa- 
tion, taking up the study of the higher branches, 
without a teacher, and also studying law, till he 
was admitted to practice at the bar, in Septem- 
ber, 1873. He immediately opened an otKce at 
Geneva, where he practiced his chosen profession 
until February, 1890, when he accepted an 
oti'er to become the First Deputy in the United 
States Customs office at Cleveland, which posi- 
tion he held for a year and ten months, resign- 
ing to resume the practice of law in this city. 
Soon he entered the law office of Harvey D. 
Goulder, where he remained fifteen months, and 
then opened an office independently in the 
Perry- Payne building, where he is now practic- 
ing his profession, with success. 

In 1876 he was united in marriage with Miss 
Grace P. Cowdery, of Perry county, Ohio, and 
they have three sons, their pride and their joy. 

'Jr^j UFUS WAY SMITH, landscape, marine 
r^' and animal painter, was born in Bedford, 
11 ¥i Cuyahoga county, Ohio, May 26, 1840. 
V His father, Dr. Alvah Smith, married 

Mary Hamblin Way, from whom the subject of 
this sketch takes his middle name. On the 
father's side his ancestry were of Revolutionary 
stock, his grandfather having served honorably 
throucrh the entire war for independence, — 
entering the service at the age of sixteen, pass- 


ing throngli the terrible winter at Valley Forge, 
and being present at the surrender at Yorktown, 

Another ancestor on the father's side left 
England in 1643, because of his adherence to 
liberal principles in regard to church and State, 
settling in the colony of Massachusetts. His 
father's mother, whose maiden name was Chloe 
Van Iluysen, was from Holland, a member of 
her family having been an artist of eminence; 
and through her it is probable that Mr. Smith 
inherits his artistic talent. She was a woman 
of refinement and rare culture for those days, 
as is shown by evidences in the possession of 
the family, speaking and writing both lier own 
and other languages with ability. On both 
sides Mr. Smith's parents were from New Eng- 
land, his mother having settled in the Connecti- 
cut Western Ileserve in 1S14, and his father in 

They removed to Cleveland in 1850, and the 
son entered the studio of the late Jarvis F. 
Hanks, an artist of considerable local repute at 
that time, and personally standing very high 
among his fellows. Here were passed many 
pleasant, happy days, drawing from the flat and 
from the antique, varied now and then by paint- 
grinding, brush-washing and other drudgery 
incidental to "life in an artist's attic." But the 
death of his teacher and kind friend prevented 
at that time his further study of art; and the 
removal of his parents to Cincinnati, where 
educational advantages were supposed to be 
superior, and the determination of his father 
that his son must begin life with a good educa- 
tion, placed many years between the boy's first 
efforts toward art and his subsequent renewal of 
those studies. 

After leaving Cincinnati the family settled in 
Bedford once more, and at the age of fourteen 
Rufus entered Twinsburg Institute. After a 
year there he went to Hiram College, in which 
the late President James A. Garfield was a pro- 
fessor, whom to know was to love and revere. 
Here the grand manhood of Garfield served as 
an inspiration, and to his brave and cheering 

words, his forceful, clear and logical teaching, 
Mr. Smith ascribes very much that has been 
most truly serviceable to him in the battle of life. 

While at college he began writing for publi- 
cation, contributing a number of articles to the 
Cleveland Plaindealer, then edited by J. W. 
Gray, and upon which Charles F. Browne ("Ar- 
temns Ward") was an editorial writer, and later 
to the Cleveland Herald, before its consolidation 
with the Leader. When nineteen years old Mr. 
Smith went to Illinois and taught school; was 
ofl'ered the position of head master in the semi- 
nary then flourishing at Lake Zurich, which he 
declined, fearing that it would interfere with 
the line of study he had marked out for him- 
self, and possibly induce him to continue life 
on a pathway entirely different from that which 
he wished to walk. Somewhat subsequent to 
this, while still in Lake county, he was offered 
the nomination for School Coramissroner, which 
also he declined, on the score of youth. 

During his last year at school, and while 
teaching, he had procured law-books and read 
them as chance offered, having been led to this 
field by the advice of friends who believed him 
possessed of very marked ability in that direc- 

December 13, 1860, he married Miss Martha 
A. White, of Bedford; and now the urgency of 
new duties hindered to some extent his legal 
studies; but after a time he entered his name 
as a student in the oflSce of the Hon. William 
Slade, Jr., and Hon. N. B. Sherwin, and also in 
the Ohio State and Union Law College, then 
under the presidency of the late General John 
Crowell. Mr. Slade's absence in Europe as 
consul to Nice, and the taking of oflSce by Mr. 
Sherwin, made it necessary to seek another 
opening, and he entered the office of the late 
Albert T. Slade, one of the finest men and 
among the first lawyers then at the bar. Here 
again the "exigencies of war" interfered with 
study; but on the 28th of June, 1864, after a 
most thorough examination by a committee ap- 
pointed by the District Court then sitting at 
Newark, he was admitted to the bar of Ohio; 


and Mr. Smith feels a justifiable pride in the 
fact that one of that committee was the Hon. 
Allen G. Thurman. 

After acting as Deputy Clerk of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Cuyahoga county for a year 
or more, he '-hung out his shingle" as an attor- 
ney, and 80 continued until his love for art be- 
came a force too potent to be resisted, and 
against the warmest remonstrances of his friends 
he abandoned the law, — " not that he loved Ctesar 
less, but that he loved Rome more." 

During his legal studies and practice he had 
written occasionally for the Cleveland Herald, 
the Rural New Yorker, and the Nation during 
its first year; but his first and true love was art, 
and under its influence he relinquished a career 
already quite assured for one that was new and 
untried, and in which failure would be disgrace, 
— this, too, at a time in life when many a man 
would have faltered, and perhaps looked long- 
ingly back to the known and certain; but, hav- 
ing made the decision and started, there has 
been no moment in which he has liesitated or 
felt tempted to return. 

With the exception of two years' study in 
Philadelphia and New York, Mr. Smith is en- 
tirely self-taught, as are many of the best Amer- 
ican artists. Nature has been liis inspiration. 

It might be interesting if we could recite the 
story of the sadness of these days of struggle, 
— the fatigues and failures, — the heartaches, 
and his determination to win against it all, and 
the final "coming out of bondage;" but Mr. 
Smith reserves these episodes, feeling that, if 
through them all there runs a thread of pathos, 
it is no more, perhaps, than is common to many 
lives, nor more pathetic than the events "inci- 
dent to the venture" usually are when one 
"swaps horses while leaping with them over a 
stream." Viewed from his present position, 
however, there is miich sunshine and gladness: 
there certainly are no regrets, even though so 
many days were dark. 

Among the first works of tliis artist which 
attracted the favorable notice of the critics 
while on exhibition in Philadelphia, was "The 

Old Mill," illustrating a verse or two from the 
ballad of Ben Bolt, one notice of which closed 
as follows: "This picture, painted by Mr. 
Rufus Way Smith, is one of the most perfect 
idealizations of landscape that can be found, — 
at least such is the opinion of connoisseurs and 
art critics of note. Indeed, for graceful draw- 
ing, strong but fine grouping and a wonderful 
vividness of color that is yet without a glaring 
element, it cannot be excelled." 

After returning to Cleveland Mr. Smith devoted 
himself almost exclusively to landscapes for some 
years, but finally turned his attention to animals, 
more especially sheep, and with such decided 
success that he is now best known in that line. 
Many of his pictures are owned in New York, 
Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, Rochester, 
Toledo, St. Louis, Chicago and other cities, but 
chiefly in the city of his residence, where their 
possessors are among the most refined and 
wealthy people, — such as Mrs. President Gar- 
field, Hon. R. C. Parsons, Hon. Charles A. 
Otis, Hon. C. C. Baldwin, Hon. William E. 
Sherwood, Hon. B. D. Babcoek, George Hoyt, 
W. P. Soiithworth, Hon. W. S. Streator, H. C. 
Rannev, Hon. Rufus P. Ranney, Dudley Bald- 
win, Colonel Myron T. Herrick, Hon. John C 
Covert, James B. Morrow, Samuel B. Mather, 
Levi T. Schofield, Richard Bacon, Hon. James 
D. Cleveland, E. I. Baldwin, John D. Rocke- 
feller, Professor Cady Staley, Professor Potwin, 
Professor C. F. Olney, William Bowler, Hon. 
John Huntington and scores of others. 

Mr. Smith was also connected for one year 
with the Western Reserve School of Design for 
Women, as teacher of landscape painting, and 
delivered a series of lectures before the school 
upon the more practical methods in art. In 
1884 he was appointed by President Arthur as 
one of the Art Commissioners of Ohio for the 
New Orleans World's Fair and Cotton Centen- 

His work has been exhibited at the galleries 
of the American Art Association, the New 
York Water-Color Club, Pennsylvania Academy 
of Fine Arts, and at the various expositions 


about the country whenever the demands of his 
patronage would permit. For a year or more 
he was the art editor for "Town Topics," his 
articles gaining for him flattering recognition 
as a critic, showing discriminating and analyti- 
cal powers of a high order. 

During his summer trips to the coast of 
Maine, the island of Nantucket, and along the 
shores of New England, in search of motifs for 
his more important works, he has found time 
for a pleasurable indulgeisce iu literature, con- 
tributing a poem now and then to the Ladies' 
Home Journal of Philadelphia, and as an hon- 
ored special correspondent of the Cleveland 
Leader, to the columns of which he has always 
found a generous welcome. 

In speaking of Mr. Smith's work in art we 
could hardly do better than to quote the words 
of a recent critique upon them: 

"His last, however, upon which unusual 
thought and care have been expended, will be 
recognized as a great study by those who appre- 
ciate the quiet sentiment and poetry of nature. 
His pictures are not noticeable for size, strange, 
far-fetched scenes, or for unusual and odd 
methods of treatment; but they are noticeable 
and wonderful for their simplicity, sincerity 
and beauty, and in these days of temptation, 
noise, hurry and want of study in art a man is 
remarkable who resolutely sets himself through 
years of patient waiting and labor to express 
any good purpose. To this object Mr. Smith 
has devoted himself; and, since deciding to 
make a specialty of expressing the subtle and 
7nysterious sentiment of out-door nature, the 
ajiproval that has met his efforts speaks volumes 
for his present and for his future." 

Mr. Smitli possesses a "scrap-book" filled 
with favorable notices of his work, clipped 
from the Philadelphia Press, the New York 
Graphic, the New York Sun and other journals, 
M'hich he prizes very highly. 

In personal appearance Mr. Smith is of 
medium height, with broad shoulders, a well- 
shaped head, with extra depth from the high 
forehead to the base of the brain, dark-hazel 

eyes which light magically when in the pr 
of congenial friends or when inspired by some 
theme of interest, brown hair and moustache 
tinged with gray, mobile lips moderately full 
but expressive, and a chin which shows a firm 
will and unlimited perseverance. 

Among his personal characteristics are: Sin- 
cerity, appearing to be almost an assumption of 
brusqueness to those who do not know him 
well; an intense hatred of all shams, social or 
otherwise; a detestation of cant and bigotry; 
an absolute devotion to those friends who are 
worthy; and a decided tendency to liberalism 
in thought, believing that others may hold 
opinions in opposition to his own and yet be 
sincere. He does not "wear his heart upon his 
sleeve," and therefore has never made — has 
never cared to make — a multitude of summer 
friends; but those he has made are among the 
chosen few who know him as he is; and these 
friendships have been beatitudes: they are firm 
and eternal. 

K I WALWORTH.— The student of Western 
^^ Reserve history finds frequent mention of 
the Walworths, father and son, and always with 
some honorable and useful connection. The 
former, Judge John Walworth, was one of the 
strong and venturesome men who came to the 
wilderness of Ohio in the early days of the 
present century and gave the moral, independ- 
ent and cultured bias that has been the predomi- 
nant feature of this section of the State. New 
England education and practical sagacity were 
the weapons with which such men worked, and 
the results have been seen in the rapid growth 
and commanding influence ever held by the 
Reserve in State and national affairs. 

The son, Ashbel W. Walworth, was a worthy 
successor of a noble sire and added new honor 
to a good name. In this record of the strong 
men who laid such good foundations and built 
so well thereon, the lives of father and son fit 


in so well together that the story of the two can 
best be told as one. The family is of English 
descent and can trace its line of ancestry back 
to Sir William Walworth, Lord Mayor of Lon- 
don in 13SI, who was knigiited by Richard IL 
for striking down the rebel "Wat Tyler. The 
first named of the family mentioned in America 
was William Walworth, a descendant of the 
above, who came from London to this country 
at the close of the seventeenth century and set- 
tled on Fisher's island as a tenant of Governor 
Wiuthrop. The numerous incursions of Captain 
Kidd, the pirate, npon the unprotected islands 
and coasts made his residence unsafe and he re- 
moved to Connecticut. John "Walworth, one of 
his direct descendants, was of Connecticut birth 
and was born on June 10, 1765. He was mar- 
ried to Jnlianna Morgan, of Xew London, and 
in 1800 came to Ohio, where he had previously 
located and purchased a farm at the mouth of 
the Grand river, now known as Fairport, four 
miles north of Painesville. That point then 
promised to bo a better place of investment than 
Cleveland, the excellence of the harbor leading 
to the expectation that it would be of more sig- 
nal growth and might become the foundation of 
a great city. 

The early settlers were so near the stirring 
scenes of '76 that they never forgot their patri- 
otism, and the anniversary of the Declaration of 
American Independence was celebrated with 
more fervor in the early days of the century 
than is displayed in these later times. In 1801 
the first Fourth of July outburst ever noted in 
Painesville occurred at the residence of John 
"Walworth. He had purchased a tract of land 
embracing near 1,000 acres, and out of this had 
selected about 300 acres as a farm for his own 
use, where he erected a log cabin on the high 
bank immediately overlooking Grand River. It 
was in this cabin that the people of all the 
neighboring country decided to hold their patri- 
otic celebration. 

A. W. Walworth was born in Stonington, 
Connecticut, on December 6, 1790, and was 
consequently ten years of age when the long 

western trip was made to Ohio. He remembered 
it distinctly and took great pleasure in after 
years in narrating incidents connected there- 
with. He was naturally apt and ready, and be- 
gan at an early age to be of help to his father 
in the many public trusts that devolved upon 
him, gaining in this way an experience that was 
of the utmost value to him when compelled to 
carry public responsibilities of his own in later 

The year of John "\\^alworth's arrival in Ohio, 
1800, was one of no small importance, as it saw 
the settlement in this section of a number of 
men of commanding strength and influence and 
the forward movement along a number of lines 
of progress, ilr. Walworth settled at Fairport, 
Edward Paine located at Painesville, Benjamin 
Tappan at Unionville and Ephraim Quinby at 
Warren. Being a man of good education, 
sound judgment and good address, Mr. Wal- 
worth soon found himself one of the leading 
spirits of the community, and his physical 
strength was not such as would permit him to 
undergo the severe labors of a farm in a new 
country at a time when labor-saving machinery 
had not been heard of. He therefore naturally 
drifted into public life. He filled many posi- 
tions of trust with signal fidelity and in such a 
manner as to gain for him the unquestioned 
praise and respect of the community. A num- 
ber of the commissions issued to him have been 
preserved by his descendants and are historic 
relics of great interest. The following dates 
have been taken from these commissions: On 
July 4, 1802, he was made Justice of the Peace 
for Trumbull county; on April 14, 1803, he 
was appointed by Governor Edward Tilfin to 
the position of Associate Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas for the County of Trumbull, for 
the period of seven years. As a judge the ap- 
pointee showed excellent judgment and was 
highly spoken of by contemporary opinion. On 
November 14, 1804, Judge Walworth was ap- 
pointed Postmaster at Painesville. His com- 
mission was made by Gideon Granger, then 
Postmaster General of the United States, and 


the office was held until the removal of the ap- 
pointee to Cleveland in 1806. In 1S05 tlie 
Government decided that this coast should no 
longer be left open to free trade with Canada. 
A collection district was established for the 
south shore of the lake, called the District of 
Erie, and Judge Walworth appointed Collector. 
His commission was signed by Thomas Jeffer- 
son, President, and countersigned by James 
Madison, Secretary of State. Judge Walworth 
had for some time contemplated a removal to 
Cleveland, and on this appointment decided on 
a change. 

He disposed of his interests on the Grand 
river, and soon after made a purchase of a farm 
of 300 acres, almost literally bounded and de- 
fined by the limits of the First ward of Cleve- 
land under the recent redistricting — Huron, 
Erie and Cross streets, and the Cuyahoga river. 
He brought his family here in 1806, and made 
this place his home for the remainder of his life. 
One of his daughters, Julianna, afterward the 
wife of Dr. David Long, and mother of Mrs. 
Mary H. Severance, has left a record of that trip 
in which she says: " My father, John Walworth, 
moved to Cleveland from Painesville in April, 
1806. We came up in an open boat, which was 
wrecked, and my father came near being 
drowned. He was so weak when he came out 
of the water that he could barely crawl on his 
hands and knees." He was known by every- 
body and was soon as busy and useful in the 
new home as he had been in the old. He was 
made Postmaster of Cleveland before actually 
settling here. On October 22, 1805, the com- 
mission was issued and Judge Walworth be- 
came Postmaster of Cleveland. January 17, 
1806, saw him commissioned " Inspector of the 
Revenue for the Port of Cuyahoga," over Thomas 
Jefferson's hand, and under the countersign of 
James Madison, Secretary of State. His ap- 
pointment as "Collector for the District of 
Erie " bears the same date, and comes from the 
same source of power. On January 23, 1806, 
Governor TitKn appointed him Associate Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas for Geauga 

County, to hold for seven years "if he shall so 
long behave well." Cuyahoga County was at 
that time attached to Geauga, for Judicial pur- 

Judge Walworth was public-spirited in many 
ways, and was engaged in any measure that had 
in view the advancement of the interests of this 
section. When the scheme was originated in 
1807 for the improvement of the Cuyahoga and 
Tuscarawas rivers, so as to give better connec- 
tion between Lake Erie and the Ohio river, he 
was one of the leaders therein, and made agent 
and a member of the board of commissioners 
that had it in charge. Although he held sev- 
eral offices, the amount of business in each was 
so small that he was not compelled to neglect 
any of them. His report to the Government 
for the season running from April to October, 
1809, shows that the total amount of goods, 
wares and merchandise exported from thiscoun- 
try to Canada was but $50. 

In 1810, on the organization of Cuyahoga 
county as such. Judge Walworth was made 
Clerk of the Court and also Recorder. This 
laid one more responsibility upon him, but 
nothing suffered in his hands. He found time 
for labor or recreation in other fields. He was 
one of the founders of the first Masonic lodge 
in northern Ohio, organized in Warren in 1803, 
and was one of its officers. He was a friend to 
education, and one of the founders of the insti- 
tution out of which Western Reserve College 
afterward grew. In 1801, when the entire pop- 
ulation of the Western Reserve was not over 
1,500, the Rev. Joseph Badger, the famous 
missionary preacher, presented a petition to the 
Territorial legislature, asking for a charter for 
the establishment of an academy or college. 
The request was not granted. In 1802 Ohio 
was admitted to the Union as a State, and in 
1803 an act was passed incorporating the Erie 
Literary Society. John Walworth was one of 
the incorporators, among his associates being 
Rev. Mr. Badger, John S. Edwards, Turhand 
Ivirtland and other men of character. They re- 
ceived parcels of land from various persons. 


from tlie proceed.s of whicli, in 1805, they 
erected an academy in BurtoD, Geauga county. 
This was the first school of the kind in northern 
Ohio, and was the germ of Hudson College. In 
fact, the name of Judge Walworth is met on 
almost every page of the early I'ecords of the 
section. In regard to him Colonel Whittlesey's 
history says: 

'•John Walworth, though not among the ear- 
liest, was one of the most prominent, settlers of 
the Western Reserve. . . Like most young 
men who live near salt water he spent several 
years at sea, and visited the South American 
States. He came to settle at Aurora, Cayuga 
Lake, New York, in 1792. They reached their 
new home at Painesville on the 8th of April, 
1800. He was small in stature, of very active 
habits, and had a pleasing countenance. Mr. 
Walworth could not have been selected to fill so 
many offices in the organization of the new gov- 
ernment if he had not been worthy of them. 
In those days professional office hunters seldom 
became the successful candidates. ... It 
was no small part of Mr. Walworth's good for- 
tune that he had a wife well suited to the cir- 
cumstances by which they were surrounded. 
Mrs. Walworth is remembered as a kind, noble, 
dignified, judicious woman, spoken of with re- 
spect and kindness by all who shared her society 
or her hospitality. When the stampede occurred 
at Cleveland on the occasion of Hull's surrender, 
she was one of three ladies who refused to leave 
the place. (Her husband was lying sick at the 
time.) She rode a horse not merely as a grace- 
ful exercise, but took long journeys in company 
with her husband. In 1810 she crossed the 
mountains in this manner, by way of Pittsburg 
and Philadelphia, to her old home in the East- 
ern States. With such training, a vigorous 
physique and a cheerful disposition, it is not 
strange that she survived three generations — 
long enough to witness the results of her hus- 
band's expectations. She died at Cleveland 
March 2, 1853." 

Three sons and two daughters were born in 
the family of this worthy couple, — Ashbel W., 

Horace F. and John P., and Mrs. Dr. Long and 
Mrs. Dr. Strickland. 

Judge Walworth did not live to see anything 
like a full realization of the dreams he had al- 
ways held of the greatness of the country, but 
died on September 10, 1812, in the very darkest 
days of the war. He was followed to his grave 
by the united and sincere sorrow and respect of 
the community, and great sympathy was ex- 
tended to his mourning wife and children. 
Judge Walworth's life had been lived in the^ 
sight of men, and his character stood each test 
that was applied to it. He was one of the most 
useful as he was one of the most lionored of 
Ohio's pioneers. 

Ashbel W. Walworth was but sixteen years 
of age when his father removed to Cleveland, 
but the maturity of his mind was such that even 
at that age he was of great assistance to his 
father in the conduct of the many trusts reposed 
in the hands of the latter. When the father 
was away, the son would take his place, and so 
able was the discharge of those duties that on 
the death of his father he was appointed to sev- 
eral of the offices the other had held. He had 
been made Deputy Postmaster on September 9. 
1809, and on the death of his father in 1812 
was made Postmaster, holding the office until 
1816, when he resigned, and was succeeded by 
Daniel Kelley. He was also made Collector of 
the Port of Cleveland, holding the office from 
1812 to 1829, when he was succeeded by Judge 
Samuel Starkweather. He was in demand in 
all quarters where public trust needed the ex- 
perience and faithful care he was so able to give. 
In 1815 he was elected Township Clerk of 
Cleveland, being re-elected in 1816 and again 
in 1817. In 1821 he was made Township Treas- 
urer, and again in 1S22: became a Justice of 
the Peace in 1823, and again held that office in 
1826; and continuously held the office of Treas- 
urer of Cleveland village from 1817 to 1829. In 
1840 he represented the First ward in the Cleve- 
land City Council. 

He was foremost in any good work. In 1827, 
on the organization of the Cuyahoga coloniza- 




tioii society, a brancli of the national society, he 
tilled the important position of Ti'easurer. The 
purpose of this organization was to provide 
homes for colored people in Africa as rapidly 
as they could be freed and sent over there. One 
public service in which Mr. Walworth was for 
some time engaged, while Collector of tliis 
Port, was of great moment to the shipping in- 
terests of Cleveland and Lake Erie. The diffi- 
culty of entrance to the mouth of the Cuyahoga 
by way of the old river bed was of the most 
serious character, and an insurmountable barrier 
to the growth and development of Cleveland. 
The attention of the general Government was 
called to the matter, and in the winter of 
1824-'25, Congress passed an act appropriating 
$5,000 for the construction of such a breakwater 
at the mouth of the Cuyahoga as to enable vessels 
to enter this port in safety. This matter was 
contided, without instructions, to the hands of 
Mr. Walworth, who expended the money under 
scieutitic advice, in the construction of a pier 
running out from the river mouth. Little bene- 
fit was obtained, and, at a mass meeting of citi- 
zens in the fall of 1825, it was decided to send 
Mr. Walworth to Washington to secure anotlier 
appropriation for the work. He met with 
much opposition, but finally, in 1826, $10,000 
were voted to the scheme, and the present 
new river mouth was opened and the problem 

Id 1816 Mr. Walworth was one of a party of 
leading Cleveland gentlemen who associated 
themselves under the name of the Cleveland 
Pier Company, for the purpose of erecting a 
pier in Lake Erie at this harbor, for the accom- 
modation of vessels too large to come near the 
shore. A pier was actually started, but the 
treacherous bed of the lake and the fierce storms 
for which Erie was always noted, brought the 
scheme to naught. He was for some time as- 
sociated with Thomas M. Kelley, under the firm 
name of Kelley & Walworth. They were en- 
gaged in the forwarding and commission busi- 
ness on River street, and quite e.xtensively en- 
gaged in shipping. 

Mr. Walworth's family residence stood on 
Superior street, where the Leader building now 
stands. A small ofiice at one side was used for 
the transaction of his business. He was mar- 
ried, on August 24, 1820, to Mary Anne Dunlap, 
of Schenectady, New York, who survived him 
nearly a quarter of a century, dying September 
17, 1870. They had six children, of whom four 
are now living, to wit: John Walworth, Anne 
Walworth, Sarah Walworth, and Mary W., now 
Mrs. S. A. Bradbury. The second son, William, 
and youngest daughter, Jane, are deceased. 

Mr. Walworth was suddenly called out of the 
useful labors in which he was engaged and the 
happy home he loved so well, on August 24, 
1844. He had been a professing Christian for 
a number of years, showing his faith in his 
works, and meekly following the lead of the 
Master. He was a member of the First Pres- 
byterian Church, and gave its interests his best 
thought and most loyal service. He was a man 
of great industry, strict habits of life and of the 
utmost honor and honesty in all the relations of 
life. He was of a very social disposition, and 
made friends wherever he went. He had the 
hospitable habits of the old settlers, and his 
home was always open and made welcome to 
whomsoever might come. His heart was kind, 
his sympathies broad, and his manners genial. 
When he was called to the rest of the other life, 
the feeling of the entire community was that a 
good and noble man had gone to his reward. 

President of the United States, was born 
November 11, 1831, in the wilds of Orange 
township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. Paternally', 
he descended from a Puritan family, his ances- 
tors coming from Chester, England, to the 
colony of Massachusetts Bay as early as 1630. 
Maternally he was from a French Huguenot 
family. His parents were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, who were married in 1820, 
he aged twenty, she eighteen years. The father 


was a native of Worcester, Otsego county, New 
York, and the mother of New Hampshire, and 
a relative of Hosea Ballon, the celebrated 
preacher and author. Abram and Eliza Garfield 
had four children: Mehetable, Thomas, Mary 
and James A. In May, 1833, the father died, 
and upon his death-bed he said to his wife, 
"Eliza, I have planted four saplings in these 
woods: I leave them to your care." 

James was less than two years old when his 
father died, and a low point of human need 
seemed to have been reached by his family; but, 
displaying a vigor and endurance of which they 
themselves had hitherto been ignorant, with all 
their industry and toil, his mother worked on 
the farm and at the spinning-wheel, while 
Thomas, the eldest son, although but a youth, 
entered at once upon the responsibilities and 
hard labor of manhood. Amos Boynton, a half- 
brother of Abram Garfield, lived near by, and, 
though of limited means himself, cheerfully 
aided them as much as he could, while the 
hardy settlers in the neighborhood were gen- 
erous and sympathetic toward the unfortunate 

From the outset the life of James was one of 
toil. Born and fostered in a log cabin, his 
childhood was as humble and rude as backwoods 
life could make it. The opening of his life was 
most unpromising, and adds another example 
to the thousands in the lives of the great men 
of America, showing that poverty and want in 
.hildhood need not prevent growth in goodness 
or achievements in greatness. By force of cir- 
cumstances he was compelled to work in early 
childhood and youth, and thus was developed 
that habit of industry and that physical strength 
which made his after success possible. During 
his youthful days he was not distinguished 
above other boys, either for his genius as a 
farmer, woodsman or herdsman, or for his 
accomplishments as a debater in the country 
lyceum,or as a scholar in the schools. He was 
regarded as being neither precocious nor dull as 
a boy, but as having good common sense and 
doin<; his work well. 

Until he was about si.xteen years of age he 
had an intense longing to lead the life of a 
sailor, but, failing to secure a position giving 
him opportunity to gratify this longing, he be- 
came a driver on the Ohio & Pennsylvania 
canal, as an employee of his cousin, Amos 
Letcher. For a short time only, however, he 
held this position, for having sickened of fever 
he returned home. About this time his atten- 
tion appears to have been turned toward literary 
attainments and the higher ambitions of life. 
Hitherto he had given little attention to books, 
and now he firmly and irrevocably resolved that, 
at whatever sacrifice, he would obtain a colle- 
giate education. 

By day he worked upon the farm or at the 
carpenter's trade, and at night studied his books. 
By this means he was soon enabled to enter the 
seminary at the adjoining town of Chester. 
With the earnings of his vacations, together 
with the heroic self-sacrifice of his mother and 
elder brother, he was enabled to secure the ad- 
vantages of several terms at that seminary. 
From Chester he went to Hiram College, an 
institution established in 1850 by the Disciples 
of Christ, to which church he, as well as nearly 
all of the Garfield family, belonged. In order 
to pay his way at Hiram he assumed the duties 
of janitor, and at times taught school. At 
Hiram he continued his studies till sufliciently 
advanced in the classics and mathematics to be 
qualified to enter Williams College, Massachu- 
setts, two years in advance. September, 1854, 
he entered that college, and graduated with 
honors in 1856. Returning to Ohio he became 
a teacher at Hiram, (vhere he was also jiressed 
into the additional work of preaching the gos- 
pel. He soon became popular both as a teacher 
and preacher, and within less than one year he 
was promoted to the presidency of Hiram Col- 
lege, where he was the loved and honored friend 
of rich and poor, great and small. 

While a student at Hiram he met in one of 
its classes Lucretia Rudolph, and in the autumn 
of 1858 married her, in her father's house at 
Hiram, and began a home life of his own. She 


ever afterward proved a worthy consort in all 
the stages of her husband's career. They had 
seven children, five of whom are still living. 

After his marriage he began the study of 
law, and giving to it his extra hours he was able 
in 1S60 to pass the necessary examination and 
was admitted to the bar. He was a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions, and as 
soon as he began to look into politics he saw 
innumerable points that could be improved. 
He was attracted to legal studies by his active 
and patriotic interest in public affairs. He was 
an Abolitionist, Free-soiler and Republican, 
and always open and bold in the declaration of 
his political principles, whether in college, 
church or caucus. In 1859 he made his first 
political speeches, and in the fall of that year 
he was elected to the Ohio State Senate by a 
sweeping majority, and when he took his seat, 
in January, 1860, he was the youngest member 
of that body, being but twenty-eight years of 

During the trying years of 1860 and 1861 he 
was a very useful and eloquent member of the 
State Senate, and on the breaking out of the 
Civil war in 1861 Mr. Garfield resolved to light 
as he had talked. He was appointed a member 
of Governor Dennison's staff to assist in organ- 
izing troops for the war. August 14, 1861, he 
was commissioned as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Forty-second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry, composed largely of his classmates and 
students at Hiram College. Colonel Garfield's 
regiment was immediately thrown into active 
service, and before he had ever seen a gun fired 
in action he was placed in command of four 
regiments of infantry and eight companies of 
cavalry, charged with the work of driving the 
Confederates, headed by Humphrey Marshall, 
from his native State, Kentucky. This task 
was speedily accomplished, although against 
great odds. On account of his success, Presi- 
dent Lincoln commissioned him Brigadier-Gen- 
eral, January 11, 1862, and, as he had been the 
youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years be- 
fore, so now he was the youngest general in the 

army. He was with General Enell's army at 
Shiloh, also in .its operations around Corinth 
and its march through Alabama. June 15, 
1862, General Garfield was detailed to sit in a 
trial by court-martial of a lieutenant of the 
Fifty-eighth Indiana Volunteers. In this case 
his skill, combined with his memory of judicial 
decisions, elicited from officers sitting with him 
in the court commendation of his signal ability 
in such matters. 

On account of fever and ague he obtained a 
leave of absence July 30, and daring the sum- 
mer months he was at Hiram. 

Recovering his health he reported to the War 
Department at Washington, according to order 
from the Secretary of War. This was about 
September 25, 1862. He was ordered to sit in 
the court of inquiry in the case of General IVJx- 
Dowell, and November 25, 1862, he was made 
a member of the court in the celebrated trial of 
General Fitz John Porter for the failure to co- 
operate with General Pope at the battle of Bull 

In January, 1863, he was ordered into the 
field, being directed to report to General Rose- 
cransat Murfreesborough. He became chief of 
staff to General Rosecrans, then commanding 
the Army of the Cumberland. His military 
history closed with his brilliant services at 
Chickamauga, where he won the stars of Major- 

In the fall of 1862, without any efl'ort on his 
part, he was elected as a Representative in 
Congress from the Nineteenth Congressional 
district of Ohio, which had been represented for 
sixty years mainly by two men, — Elisha Whit- 
tlesey and the renowned anti-slavery champion, 
Joshua R. Giddings. He resigned his com- 
mission on the 5th of December, 1863, having 
served in the army more than a year after his 
election to Congress, and took his seat on the 
same day in the House of Representatives, 
where he served until elected to the United 
States Senate in 1880, just before his nomina- 
tion to the presidency. His election to the 
Senate by the Ohio Legislature was a just and 


reasonable compliment to him for his eminent 
services through sixteen years of a most active 
leo-islative life. During his life in Congress he 
compiled, and published by his speeches there 
and elsewhere, more information on the issues 
of the day, especially on one side, than any oilier 
member. Upon entering Congress he was the 
youngest member, but for this work he was 
well endowed by nature and education. He was 
a ready speaker, — apt, eloquent, pointed, vehe- 
ment. He was possessed of all the physical 
characteristics of dignity, — strength, counte- 
nance and voice, which are so useful in the 
public forum. Thus he was well equipped for 
a place in a deliberative assembly. 

General Garfield was appointed on many im- 
portant special as well as other committees by 
Congress. He was sent by the President to 
Louisiana to report upon the political condition 
of the people with reference to reconstruction, 
and was chosen one of the High Commission 
to which was referred the contested presidential 
election in 1876, and which gave Rutherford 
B. Hayes the seat. In June, 1880, at the 
National Republican Convention held in Chi- 
cago, General Garfield was nominated for the 
Presidency, both to the surprise of himself and 
the country. He was a delegate to the conven- 
tion and was an open advocate of the nomina- 
tion of Hon. John Sherman, of Ohio. The 
party was in danger of a most serious division, 
in which the adherents of General U. S. Grant 
and of Hon. James G. Blaine were the con- 
testants. The only safe measure to adopt was 
found in the nomination of an unobjectionable 
man who was allied with neither faction, and 
hence with great enthusiasm they turned to 
General Garfield; and, although many of the 
Kepublican party felt sore over the failure of 
their i-espective heroes to obtain the nomination, 
General Garfield was elected by a strong ma- 
jority both of the people and of the Electoral 
College, and was inaugurated at Washington, 
March 4, 1881, amid great rejoicing. 

Even as the office was higher than any other 
which he had held, and as the honor was the 

greatest the world could bestow, so the annoy- 
ances which accompanied him into office were 
more discouraging than he had ever experi- 
enced, and most appalling dangers surrounded 
him. Even before his inauguration he was be- 
sieged by office-seekers at Mentor, his home in 
Lake county, Ohio. On every hand and in 
every way did seekers after national honors and 
pay intrude recklessly and remorselessly upon 
his time and attention. Among these thou- 
sands of office-seekers was one Charles J. Gui- 
teau, a native of Illinois, but who at the time 
claimed to be a resident of New York. Guiteau 
had unsnccessfullj practiced law at Chicago 
and New York. His had been an erratic life, 
and his ambition most unbounded. He had 
professed many kinds of religious beliefs and 
had attempted to lecture on religious and social 
themes. He had the appearance of a gentle- 
man, and in the political campaign of 1880 he 
ingratiated himself into the good will of some 
members of the Republican committee of New 
York, and made a few unsuccessful speeches. 
On the fact that he had taken part in the con- 
test he based his claims for a consulship at 
Marseilles, France, and importuned President 
Garfield for the appointment. The appoint- 
ment was refused, and then Guiteau boldly 
threatened vengeance and was forcibly ejected 
from the "White House. He then firmly re- 
solved to assassinate the President at the first 
opportunity. Soon after there arose a political 
difference between the President and Senator 
Conkling, of New York, concerning the appoint- 
ment of a collector for the port of New York. 
This dispute was merely an outburst of the 
smothered feeling lingering after the defeat of 
a favorite candidate in the Republican conven- 
tion, and may have been less remotely con- 
nected with the fact that the President had 
placed in iiis cabinet with William Windom, 
Wayne MacVeagh, Robert T. Lincoln, William 
H. Hunt, Samuel J. Kirkwood and Thomas L. 
James, Senator James G. Blaine, who had been 
one of the candidates opposed in that conven- 
tion by Senator Conkling. Both senators from 


New York failed in their efforts to prevent the 
Senate from contirniing certain appointments of 
the President, and after the President had 
threateningly, though temporarily, withdrawn 
the unconfirmed nominations from before the 
Senate of some of Senator Conkling's friends, 
both of the New York senators resigned and 
went back to their State Legislature, expecting 
a triumphant re-election as a rebuke to the 
President. They failed of election, and in their 
stead men favoring the President were chosen. 

This contest occasioned great excitement and 
aroused much bitter feeling in the nation. 
Guiteau, blinded by his desire to kill the Presi- 
dent, drew much encouragement from the quar- 
rel, and expected that in his deed he would find 
support and defense from the defeated party. 
However, he did not consult any of them, or 
apprise any man of his intentions. On the 
morning of July 3, 1881, while the President 
was in the Baltimore Railway station at Wash- 
ington, accompanied by Secretary Blaine, Gui- 
teau embraced his first opportunity to assassi- 
nate the President. Guiteau, stepping behind 
his victim, tired two shots into the President's 
back, one shot taking fatal effect. For the 
awful crime Guiteau was hanged. 

On Monday night, September 19, after eighty 
days of suffering, the martyred President peace- 
fully drew his last breath. Midnight bells all 
over the land tolled in gloomy concert, and the 
grief-stricken people sprinkled their pillows 
with tears, saying ''Our President is dead!" 
The next day messages of condolence, sympathy 
and grief came to the heart-broken widow from 
all parts of the world. 

He died at Long Branch, whence his remains 
were removed to Washington. The body was 
placed in the center of the hall of the Capitol 
at Washington, under the great central dome, 
and there for three days lay in state. Once 
during those sad days the multitude was shut 
out, and for an hour the stricken widow was 
left alone with her dead, — one of the saddest, 
sweetest pictures in our nation's history. The 
funeral services at the Capitol were very brief 

and unceremonious, in accordance with the 
usual customs of the Disciples' Church, of 
which the President had been a member. The 
remains were borne to Cleveland, and there, on 
the 26th of September, the last funeral rites 
were held in the open air of the public square, 
and then the remains were reposed in a tomb 
in the beautiful Lake View Cemetery of Cleve- 
land, where to his memory was subsequently 
erected one of the handsomest, largest and most 
fitting monuments of the nation. 

President Garfield passed all the conditions 
of virtuous life between the log cabin in Cuya- 
hoga and the White House in Washington, and 
in that wonderful, rich and varied experience, 
still moving up from higher to higher, he 
touched every heart of the nation at some point 
or other, and became the representative of all 
hearts and lives in the land, and was not only 
the teacher but the interpreter of all virtues. 




Listen all ye, my friends! what do we hear? 

Is Garfield dead, and our friend no more ? 
Surprise and horror check the burning tear: 

He is gone like the sand washed from the shore. 

No more we hail the morning's golden gleam; 

No more the wonders of the view we sing; 
Friendship requires a melancholy theme; 

At her command the awful news I bring. 

Garfield, the great master of the boundless space, 
Thee would my soul-racked muse attempt to paint; 

Give me a double portion of thy grace 
Or all the powers of language are too faint. 

Weep on, my countrymen ! give your general tear 
For the friend of all mankind, even the liberated slave. 

An honest pang should wait on Garfield's bier 
And patriot anguish mark the patriot's grave. 

When from the schoolroom at Hiram he had retired 
'Twas you, my friends, surrounded by unnumbered foes, 

That called him forth, his services required 
And took from him the blessing of repose. 

With soul inspired by virtue's sacred flame 

To stem the torrent of corruption's tide. 
He came, with all his love for liberty he came. 

And nobly in his country's service died. 



In Ihe last awful moment, the departing hour, 
AVhen life's poor lamp more faint and fainter grew 

As memorj' feebly exercised her power. 
He only felt for liberty and you. 

He viewed death's arrow with a Christian's eye, 
With firmness only to a Christian known, 

And nobly gave your miseries that sigh 
With which he never gratified his own. 

Let all who love our country elevate his fame 

And give his laurel everlasting bloom,— 
Record his worth while gratitude has name 

And teach succeeding ages from his tomb. 

The sword of justice cautiously he swayed; 

His hand forever held the balance right; 
Each human fault with pity he surveyed, 

But treachery found no mercy in his sight. 

He knew when enemies besiege a throne 

Truth seldom reached a monarch's ears; 
Knew if oppressed a loyal people groan, 

And it was their cry he should hear. 

Hence, honest to his people, his manly tongue 
The public wrongs and loyalty conveyed. 

While titled tremblers, every nerve unstrung. 
Looked all around confounded and dismayed; — 

Looked all around astonished to behold. 
Trained up to flattery from their early youth, 

An artless, fearless citizen unfold 
To royal ears a mortifying truth. 

Titles to him no pleasures could impart ; 

No bribes his sense of right would entertain; 
The star could never gain upon his heart, 

Nor turn the tide of honor from his name. 

For this his name our liberty shall adorn. 
Shall soar on fame's wide pinions all sublime 

Till heaven's own bright and never-dying morn 
Absorbs our little particle of time. 

Far other fate his enemies shall find. 

Who sigh for place or languish after fame. 
And sell their native probity of mind 

For bribes of statesmen who would thus disgrace their 
And here a long inglorious list of names 

On my disturbed imaginations crowd. 
" Oh! let them perish," loud the muse e.xclaims, 

" Consigned forever to oblivion's cloud." 

Clean be the page that celebrates his fame. 

Nor let one mark of infamy appear; 
Let not the vicious mingle with his name; 

Let indignation stop the swelling tear. 

The swelling tear should plenteous descend; 

The deluged eye should give the heart relief; 
Humanity should melt for nature's friend 

In all the richest luxury of grief. 

He, as a planet with unceasing ray, 

Is seen in one unvaried course to move. 
Through life pursued but one illustrious way. 

And all his orbit was his country's love. 
Immortal shadow of my much loved friend. 

Clothed in thy native virtue, meet my soul 
When on th6 fatal bed my passions bend 

And curb the floods of anguish as they roll. 

In thee each virtue found a pleasing cell ; 

Thy mind was honor and thy soul divine; 
With thee did every God of genius dwell; 

Thou most the hero of all the nine. 

Now, as the mantle of the evening swells 

Upon my mind, I feel a thickening gloom; 
Ah ! could I charm by necromantic spells 

The soul of Garfield from the deathly tomb. 
Then would we wander through this darkened vale 

In converse such as heavenly spirits use. 
And born upon the pinions of the gale 

Hymn the Creator and exert the muse. 

But, horror to reflection ! now no more 
Will Garfield sing the wonders of the plain 

When, doubting whether they might not adore. 
Admiring mortals heard his nervous strain. 

But he is gone, and now. alas! no more 
His generous hand neglected worth redeemed; 

No more around his mansion sliall the poor 
Bask in his warm, his charitable beams. 

No more his grateful countrymen shall hear 
His manly voice in martyred freedom's cause; 

No more the reckless outlaw will fear 
His severe lash for violated laws. 

Yet say, stern virtue, who would not wish to die 
Thus greatly struggling a whole land to save? 

Who would not wish, with ardor wish, to lie 
With Garfield's honor in a Garfield's grave? 

Not honor such as princes can bestow. 

Whose tyrant hand to a lord can raise. 
But for the brightest honor here below 

A grateful nation's unabating praise. 

But see! wherever liberty on yonder strand, 
Where the cliff rises and the billows roar, 

Already takes her melancholy stand 
To wing her passage to some happier shore. 

Stay, our Heavenly Father, stay; nor leave this blessed 

So many ages thou hast exercised thy peculiar care; 
O stay and ever cheer with thy Almighty hand. 

Lest quick we sink in terrible despair! 
Let my sons, the laws your fathers bought 

With such rich oceans of undaunted blood 
By traitors thus be set at naught. 
While at your hearts you feel the purple flood. 


Unite in firm, in honorable bonds; 

Break every link of slavery's hateful chain; 
Nor let your children at their father's hands 

Demand their birthright and demand in vain 

Where'er the murderers of their country hide, 
Whatever dignities their names adorn. 

It is your duty — let it be your pride — 
To drag them forth to universal scorn. 

So shall your loved, your venerated name. 
O'er earth's vast convex gloriously expand; 

So shall your still accumulated fame 
In one bright story with our Garfield stand. 

1 ALTER 1. THOMPSON, Counciltnan 
from the Fifth District of Cleveland, 
and a prominent contractor and builder, 
was born in this city, August 15, 1853. He 
secured a liberal education and at seventeen 
years of age began learning his trade as an ap- 
prentice to S. C. Brooks & Co. From 1874 to 
1881 he was a day workman; he then decided 
to risk his own judgment and his limited capi- 
tal in a few contracts. He succeeded, and the 
next year he ventured farther, and each succeed- 
ing year extended his business until all his own 
time was devoted to supervision of work, execu- 
tion of plans and submitting bids for new 

Mr. Thompson's ancestry is English. His 
father, Charles Thompson, was born in Lincoln- 
shire, England, and in 1835 took up his resi- 
dence in this city. He was a cooper l)y trade, 
and for many years has been superintendent of 
the barrel department of the Standard Oil Com- 
pany of this city. He came to Cleveland with 
two other young men and learned liis trade 
here. He is a gentleman of exemplary habits, 
good business judgment and a modest, quiet 
citizen. His father was a sea captain, conduct- 
ing vessels between New York and Liverpool. 

Our subject's mother, whose name before 
marriage was Avarina Jenkins, was a native of 
Wales; and her father, Isaac Jenkins, came to 
Cuyahoga county before 1840 and became a 
farmer near Warren sville, this State. The chil- 
dren by this union are: Louisa, wife of William 

Kyle, of Cleveland; Walter L; C. E., in the 
employ of the Mercantile National Bank of 
Cleveland; and E. E., in the Cleveland & Pitts- 
burg Railroad ofKces. 

October 30, 1878, Mr. Walter I. Thompson 
was united in marriage, in Cleveland, to Miss 
Olive N. Quayle, daughter of Robert Quayle, 
a Manxman and a blacksmith. Mr. Thompson's 
children are John William and Avrina Olive. 

In politics our subject has always been a Re- 
publican, and has been more or less active in his 
party's interests ever since he became of age; 
but not until the spring of 1892 did he submit 
to the use of his name as a candidate for any 
elective office. He was then elected to his pres- 
ent position as Councilman from the Fifth Dis- 
trict of Cleveland, to succeed J. I. Nuun, a 
Democrat, in the organization of the Council 
of 1892 he was appointed chairman of the 
committee on printing and member of the com- 
mittees on appropriations and city property. 
In 1893 he was chosen chairman of the latter, 
and also served on the committees on appropria- 
tions and fire. 

In respect to the fraternal orders he is a 
member of the Cleveland City Lodge and of 
Webb Chapter, of the Masonic order, also of 
Banner Lodge, I. O. O. F., of the Masonic 
Club, Builders' Exchange and Employing Car- 
penters' Association. In Odd Fellowship he 
has passed all the chairs, and is Junior Warden 
in the Masonic lodge. 

Iry, president, treasurer and general man- 
•^^ ager of the World Publishing Company 
(Cleveland World), was born in Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, October 31, 1855, and is conse- 
quently in his thirty-ninth year. He comes of 
German and American stock. His father, 
Henry Bower, was born in Pennsylvania, 
brought up on a farm, taught school, and 
moved to Michigan in the '30s, where he en- 
gaged in the business of buying and selling 


pine land, manufacturing lumber, and carrying 
on a general mercantile business until his death 
in 1870. His mother, whose maiden name 
was Margaret G. Chase, was of Geneva, New 
York, a daughter of Captain Chase, who dis- 
tinguished himself in the war of 1812. 

Mr. Bower was the youngest of four chil- 
dren, and was intended for the bar, which pro- 
fession his elder brother had embraced, but the 
sudden death of his father when young Bower 
was fourteen years old required a change in 
plans. Some time prior to the death of Mr. 
Bower's father, his eldest son, Henry E. H. 
Bower, brother of the subject of this sketch, 
published a weekly newspaper at Ann Arbor 
called the Democrat. It was in this office that 
young Bower obtained his initiation into the 
newspaper business. After his father's death, 
the Democrat being sold, young Bower took up 
civil engineering, but this not being to his taste 
lie abandoned it and went West. 

In December, 1874, he returned to Ann 
Aibor and became the local editor of the 
Courier. At the time he accepted this position 
he had not yet turned his nineteenth year. 
During 1875 and 1876 he also attended lectures 
at the University of Michigan, and in 1876 
entered the law department of the university 
and also studied law in the office of Prosecuting 
Attorney Robert E. Frazer, now Judge Frazer, 
of Detroit. Mr. Bower supported himself while 
in college by corresponding for a number of 
newspapers and conducting a humorous depart- 
ment in Ballou's Monthl}', a Boston publication. 
He was accorded the degree of LL. B. in March, 
1878, and soon thereafter was admitted to the 
bar in the Washtenaw circuit court. He was 
chosen by the Greek-letter secret society of the 
law department as its representative on the Pal- 
ladium board for 1878, and was also elected, 
after a spirited contest, toast-master of his class. 
After graduating he arranged to practice law 
in Kansas City, but fate again overruled him. 
Soon after graduating he was sent for by the 
Detroit Evening News to fill temporarily an 
absent reporter's place. About this time the 

country was indignant on hearing of the dis- 
covery, in the dissecting room of the medical 
college at Ann Arbor, of the body of the son of 
General Nevins, of Ohio. Bower was assigned 
to this case by the News. His inside knowl- 
edge of the medical department, obtained while 
a student at the university, was all brought into 
use in this series of articles, which immediately 
gave him a local reputation as a newspaper re- 
porter. Later he obtained and wrote up for the 
News in an exhaustive manner the facts con- 
cerning the mysterious disappearance of Mar- 
tha AVhitla, a young woman whose dead body 
was found in the River Rouge, sewed up in a 
sack. In these articles a citizen of Detroit 
considered himself accused of the murder of 
this girl, and he brought suit for $50,000 dam- 
ages against the Evening News. After an ex- 
citing trial, extending over many weeks, the 
jury returned a verdict in favor of the News. 
This vindicated Mr. Bower's statement of the 
facts, and as the plaintiff left the court room, a 
discomfited suitor, he was arrested on the charge 
of wilful murder. Two murder trials followed, 
the jury disagreeing on tiie first trial and ac- 
quitting on the second trial. 

In 1878 Mr. Bower revived the Ann Arbor 
Democrat, turned the management over to his 
brother, Henry E. H. Bower, and continued his 
newspaper work in Detroit. In July of the 
same year he and Henry A. Griffin, the well- 
known Cleveland journalist and Secretary of the 
Ohio State Board of Commerce, started the De- 
troit Daily Mail. Capital was lacking to make 
it a success, and the paper suspended in a few 
weeks. In 1884 Mr. Bower became the man- 
aging editor of the Detroit Post and Tribune. 
When that paper was sold two years later he 
transferred his services to the Detroit Journal, 
and soon became its managing editor, remain- 
ing with it until the reorganization of the 
World Publishing Company of this city in July, 
1890, when he was invited to accept its man- 
agement. He assumed his new duties on July 
7th of that year. The World was only a small 
four- page daily of insignificant circulation; but 


capital was interested, Mr. F. B. Squire be- 
coming president of the company. Mr. Bower 
is one of the large stockholders. The World 
has grown in less than four years under his 
management to be the paper it is to-day. 

In 1891 Mr. Bower wedded Mrs. Agnes Sin- 
clair Riggs, of Detroit, widow of Major John 
H. Riggs, and since his marriage has resided at 
909 Prospect street. He is one of the hardest- 
working men in Cleveland, devoting his entire 
time to the management of the World. 


of the well known and popular phy- 
sicians of Cleveland, is a prominent 
resident of the South Side of the city, where 
he has built up a representative and lucra- 
tive practice since he established himself 
in business there, in 1890. He was born at 
Olmsted Falls, Ciiyahoga county, Ohio, May 16, 
1839, his parents being Dr. William and Mrs. 
Charlotte (Haskell) Knowlton, both of whom 
were natives of the State of New York, where 
they grew to maturity, and were married. The 
father, who was a skilled physician and surgeon, 
came with his family to Ohio in 1838 and located 
at Olmsted Falls, where he engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession, becoming widely and 
favorably known for his ability and honor. He 
had received his medical education in the East 
and kept pace with the advancement made in 
his line of occupation. He had to endure the 
manifold hardships which ever fall to the lot of 
the pioneer physician, but he served the people 
in his field of labor faithfully and unselfishly, 
gaining the high esteem and the affection of 
those to whom he ministered. His death oc- 
curred in February, 1856, at which time he had 
attained the age of fifty years. His widow sur- 
vived until 1865, passing away about the age of 
sixty-two years. The Haskell family was one 
of prominence in New York; a brother of Mrs. 
Knowlton was a member of Congress from the 
district in which Genesee, that State, is located. 

Of the six children born to Dr. and Mrs. 
William Knowlton our subject was the youngest, 
and of the number only three are now living, 
namely: Ellen M. Voorhees, who is still a resi- 
dent of Cuyahoga county; Rev. A. W. Knowl- 
ton, a Presbyterian clergyman, located in Wayne 
county; and our subject. Another brother, Dr. 
Augustus P., who died a few years since, was a 
practicing physician at Berea, Ohio, and had 
attained to a position of prominence in his pro- 
fession, being well known in Cleveland and in 
other parts of the State. 

Our subject received an academic education 
under the tutoi'ship of Professor Samuel Bissell, 
of Twinsburg, Ohio, and subsequently began the 
study of medicine under the preceptorship of 
his brother, Augustus P., at North Royalton, 
Cuyahoga county. He is a graduate of the 
medical department of Wooster University and 
also holds a diploma from the medical depart- 
ment of the Western Reserve University. He 
began the practice of his profession at Brecks- 
ville, where he remained for nearly a quarter of 
a century, coming to Cleveland in 1890 and lo- 
cating at 530 Jennings avenue, where his head- 
quarters have since been maintained. He has 
recently secured a preferment which amply 
attests his ability and reputation, having taken 
the chair of obstetrics in the medical department 
of the Wooster University. He is a member 
of the Cuyahoga County, the Cleveland and the 
Ohio State Medical Societies. In his fraternal 
relations he retains a membership in each the 
Masonic order, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Of the Doctor's war record it may be stated 
that he enlisted in May, 1862, for three months' 
service as a member of Company E, Eighty- 
fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. On being 
mustered out at the expiration of his term of 
enlistment, he again made ready to go to the 
front, and in October of the same year re- 
enlisted in Company E, Sixth Ohio Volunteer 
Cavalry, which was duly assigned to service in 
the Army of the Potomac. He was wounded at 
St. Mary's Church on the 24th of June, 1864, 


and was thus so disabled as to be unable to again 
join his company, which took an active part in 
numerous engagements, being one of the com- 
luands that served under General Sheridan. Dr. 
Knowlton rose by successive promotions until 
he was finally commissioned Captain by Gover- 
nor Brough. He was mustered out with his 
regiment in 18(35. 

In 1868 Dr. Knowlton was united in mar- 
riage to Mrs. Jeimie M. Seymour, of Cleveland, 
Ohio. She died in 1880, at the age of forty 
years. The second mari-iage of the Doctor oc- 
curred in 1882, when he was was united to Miss 
Fannie E., daughter of Owen P. Snow, of 
Brecksville. They have had three children, one 
of whom, Douglass, died at the age of one year. 
Those living are Margaret, aged eleven, and 
Donald, aged one year. Mrs. Knowlton is a 
devoted member of the Pilgrim Congregational 
Church of Cleveland. 

■ ON. DAVID MOEISON, of Cleveland, 
was born in this city, of Scotch-Ameri- 

> can parentage, and was thus equipped l)y 
nature with some of the best gifts of na- 
tivity to ■which man can fall heir — the Scotch 
thoroughness and thrift and the American keen- 
ness and practical insight. His mother, Char- 
loUe C. (Bidwell) Morison, was a descendant of 
an excellent New England family, who trace 
their ancestry direct to the Mayflower, many of 
whom were Revolutionary patriots and citizens 
of Connecticut. His father, David Morison, 
Sr., was born in Edinboro, Scotland. After ac- 
quiring a collegiate education Mr. Morison pre- 
pared himself for the vocation of a thorough 
merchant and manufacturer, and at length came 
to America, locating in Cleveland. 

Mr. Morison, the subject of this sketch, has 
been a Republican since his boyhood, taking 
from the first a deep interest in political ques- 
tions and always having an opinion of his own. 
He has also been one of those who believed that 
it was the duty of every good citizen to take a 

part in political affairs, and in consequence he 
has been an active worker in support of the 
principles and party in which he believed. 

In 1877 he was elected to the City Council 
and became a most useful and trustworty mem- 
ber. He was complimented with the presidency 
of that body in April, 1882, and his remarks on 
accepting the trust showed the deep sense of re- 
sponsibility he felt in assuming that office. In 
addition to his services in the Council, he was 
also an active member of the Board of City Im- 
provement, being the representative of the 
Council in that body in 18S0-'81, and the citi- 
zen member in 1886. 

Among the measures for the public good to 
which he gave his voice and vote during this 
service were: The acceptance of Wade Park; 
granting a right of way to the New York Cen- 
tral & St. Louis Railroad through the city; au- 
thorizing the purchase of the Fairmount street 
reservoir; the extension of the franchise of the 
Brooklyn street railroad in Scovill avenue to 
Woodland cemetery, and the introduction of 
Medina block stone for paving, instead of the 
old cheap method. 

In 1886 Mr. Morison was elected to the State 
Senate by a majority of 3,425 votes, in a district 
occasionally Democratic, and was i-e-elected to 
that body in 1888. While in the Senate he se- 
cured the passage of a bill giving Cleveland the 
Federal plan of government. At the next ses- 
sion the Cleveland municipal reform bill was 
brought before the Senate, and Mr. Morison 
made an able address in support of the measure 
and secured its unanimous passage. 

In making up his cabinet in April, 1891, 
Mayor Rose invited Mr. Morison to become Di- 
rector of Charities and Correction, to accept 
which he resigned his seat in the Senate. The 
administration of ai?airs in that office was most 
economical and eflScient. The institutions under 
his charge were in debt, and in a deplorable 
condition as regards sanitation and otherwise. 
By Mr. Morison's wise guidance all these con- 
ditions were remedied, even perfected, and the 
institutions made almost self-supporting. He 


retired from the City Plall in April, 1893, con- 
scious of having performed liis whole duty and 
with the thanks of a gi-ateful public. 

For many years he lias given his spare time 
to extending his real-estate investments. He is 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce, Ori- 
ental Commandery, K. T., Knights of Pythias, 
Red Cross Lodge, Court St. Clair, I. O. F., 
Cleveland Athletic Club, Masonic Club and 
many other organizations. 

f^^ who was first Bishop of Cleveland, was 
Jj ^ born February 2, 1801, at Andrehem,De- 
V partment of Pas de Calais, France. His 

parents were of the peasantry, and though 
humble they were truly virtuous people. In 
early life the son was under the necessity of 
assisting his aged father in cultivating the 
fields, and hence his literai-y training was some- 
what neglected up to the age of twenty years, 
at which age he started for the College of 
Boulogne, then under the direction of the cele- 
brated Abbe Haffringue. His jjurpose was to 
prepare himself for the priesthood, having been 
so induced by tlie influence of his mother. 
After completing his collegiate course, he en- 
tered the Seminary of Arras, and March 14, 
1829, was ordained priest by Cardinal Latour 
d'Auvergne. His first charge was a country 
parish in the village of Wizme. About five 
years after his ordination he was appointed 
Chaplain of the Ursuline Convent at Boulogne. 
This position Father Rappe held from 1834 to 
1840, during which time he read with great 
interest the " Annals of the Propagation of the 
Faith," which prompted him to devote himself 
to the American Missions. 

Through the influence of Bishop Pnrcell, 
of Cincinnati, then visiting Europe, Father 
Rappe was induced to come to America in the 
year 1840, for the purpose of entering upon the 
toilsome and self-sacriticing life of a missionary. 
Receiving permission from his Ordinary to 

leave his diocese, and bidding farewell to his 
charge, he set sail for America, arriving at Cin- 
cinnati toward the close of 1840. By Bishop 
Purcell he was at once sent to Chillicothe, in 
order to learn the English language, with 
M'hich he was not familiar on coming to 
America. A few months later he was able to 
make himself understood in English, though he 
progressed slowly in the language and never 
acquired skill in its pronunciation. 

From the summer of 1841 to the spring of 
1846 his labors were in the northwestern part 
of Ohio, from Toledo to the Indiana line and 
to the south as far as Allen county. His labors 
were trying and filled with great privations and 
difficulties. It was here that he saw the dan- 
gerous effects of intemperance, and throughout 
the rest of his life he was an ardent worker for 
temperance, both in word and example. He 
was successful in his labors in the Toledo field, 
which grew in point of numbers and thus in- 
creased his duties manifold. He was a mission- 
ary of indomitable zeal and untiring energy, 
and being of great power of endurance he was 
enabled to perform much work. At last assist- 
ance was necessary, and in 1846 he was sent a co- 
laborer in the person of Father De Goesbriand. 
Father Rappe was affable in his intercourse 
with his people and was of great power and in- 
fluence among them. As a teacher of the 
catechism he had a special gift, and was 
equally gifted in his ability to bring the adults 
of his flock to frequent confession and i-egular 
attendance at mass. 

Bishop Purcell, finding the work of attend- 
ing the diocese, then comprising the whole of 
Ohio, too great for him, asked the Holy See for 
a division of the diocese, and Cleveland was 
designated an episcopal see, and the zealous 
"Missionary of the Maumee," Father Rappe, 
was chosen as first bisliop of this diocese. Octo- 
ber 10, 1847, he was consecrated, at Cincinnati, 
by Bishop Purcell. Immediately afterward 
Bishop Rappe took possession of his see, his 
diocese comprising all that portion of Ohio lying 
north of the southern limits of Columbiana, 


Stark, Wayne, Crawford, AVyandot, Hancock, 
Allen and Van Wert counties. There was then 
but one church in Cleveland, namely, St. Mary's, 
built in 1836, and but one priest. To supply 
the growing Catholic population in Cleveland 
it was necessary to erect another building for 
church purposes. In 1848 a frame building, 
30 X 60 feet, was erected on Superior street, 
near Erie, and for several years it was used as a 
temporary church and parochial school bouse 
(the first in Cleveland), folding doors closing 
the sanctuary during school hours. Later 
Bishop Rappe had plans made for a cathedral, 
and in the fall of 1848 the corner stone was 

Bishop Rappe went to Europe in 1849 for 
the purpose of securing priests for his diocese, 
and members of religious communities for 
schools and charitable institutions. In Septem- 
ber, 1850, lie returned with four priests, five 
seminarians and six Ursuline nuns. During 
the Bishop's absence the mansion of Judge 
Cowles, on Euclid avenue, was bought for the 
Ursuline Sisters. It served as the mother- 
house of the community until 1893. These 
sisters immediately opened a select school and 
academy, and in 1851 St. Mary's Orphan 
Asylum for girls was established on Harmon 
street, and the next year St. Vincent's Asylum 
i'nr boys was opened on Monroe street. 

The most important wants of the diocese now 
being supplied. Bishop Rappe turned his atten- 
tion to the details of diocesan work. Much 
work was accomplished in the upbuilding of 
schools and charitable institutions, and the sev- 
eral churches rapidly grew both in number and 
strength, and amid all these great duties Bishop 
Rappe never once showed signs of fatigue. 

Previous to 1863 Cleveland had no hospital, 
and the Civil War increased largely the neces- 
sity for a hospital, which Bishop Rappe would 
have ere then built had he been able. Now he 
proposed to build one and supply it with com- 
petent nurses, provided the public would give 
bim active assistance; and the public gladly 
embraced the opportunity. In 1865 a §75,000 

hospital was completed. It was named Charity 
Hospital and placed under the charge of the 
Sisters of Charity. 

In 1869 Bishop Rappe visited Rouje, attending 
the Vatican Council; and returning with frail 
health and failing eyesight he resigned, August 
22, 1870, as Bishop of Cleveland, in which po- 
sition he had borne arduous duties, performing 
tiiem with phenomenal zeal, fitness and becom- 
ing success, for a period of nearly twenty-three 
years. He retired after bis resignation to Bur- 
lington, Vermont, and thereafter engaged in 
his former and favorite work of giving missions 
and catechising the young, till his death, which 
came to him September 8, 1877. To Cleveland 
his remains were brought and placed in the 
vault in the Cathedral basement. 

Bishop Rappe was, indeed, a remarkable 
man; he was endowed with a strong mind and 
an affectionate and devout nature; he was a 
true patriot, a devout Christian, and his life 
was long and well filled with usefulness to his 
God and fellow man. 

r^ ond Bishop of the Cleveland , diocese, 
11 »:i was born in the city of Glasgow, Scot- 
^ land, September 28, 1824, and came to 

America in 1829. He was brought up and 
educated as a Scotch Covenanter, but in early 
manhood he became a Catholic, and his conver- 
sion was due to unaided investigation and reason. 
He studied for the priesthood at Mount St. 
Mary's College, Emmitsburg, Maryland, and 
was ordained priest August 30, 1852, by the 
Most Rev. Archbishop Purcell, who now sent 
him to a field of labor in southern Ohio, north- 
eastern Kentucky and southwestern Virginia. 
Here also he labored under great trials and disad- 
vantages, though with great and pleasing suc- 
cess, till 1857, w-hen he was called to Cincin- 
nati, and made pastor of St. Patrick's Church, 
one of the largest congregations in that city. 
Here also he was very successful. Among other 


achievements was tlie organization of one of the 
largest parochial schools in Cincinnati. After 
eleven years of faithful service for this congre- 
gation he became a professor in St. Mary's 
Theological Seminary, Cincinnati, and later 
pastor of St. Joseph's Church at Dayton, Ohio. 
In 1872 he was made Bishop of Cleveland, be- 
ing consecrated as such by Archbishop Purcell, 
on the llth of April that year. 

Like his lamented predecessor, Bishop Eappe, 
he was a man of indomitable zeal and wonder- 
ful energy. He found his new position full of 
difficulties and incessant work. Not sparing 
self he so overtaxed his physical strength that 
he was obliged to cease all duty for nearly two 
years, for on June 24, 1874, he fell a victim to 
nervous prostration, from which he did not 
fully recover until about 1877. Most of this 
period of enforced rest he spent in southern 
France, whence he returned in July, 1876, 
gradually resuming his arduous labors. He 
soon had the satisfaction to see his diocese rank 
with the first in point of system and order. He 
was an ardent advocate for the parochial schools, 
for which in earlier years he prepared a com- 
plete set of readers, that soon found adoption 
throughout the country. As a public speaker 
he had few equals; as a writer he ranked with 
the best, his style being clear, forcible, and even 
trenchant at times. He was a man of strong 
individuality. Tall of stature, and command- 
ing in appearance, he would easily be singled 
out in any assembly as a man of force and 
mental strength. Fair-minded and strictly just, 
he keenly resented injustice or deception. At 
first sight he impressed one as stern and re- 
served, but in reality he had a most kindly 
disposition and generous impulse. As a con- 
verger he had few superiors. He was most 
frugal in his habits, and methodical as well as 
painstaking in his work. He was thoroughly 
American in sentiment, but had an impartial 
respect and kindly feeling for all nationalities. 
He had the universal respect of his non-Catholic 
fellow citizens, who recognized in him a man 
of rare intellect and great force of character. 

Of this respect they gave evidence in the me- 
morial meeting held in his honor, after his 
death, in Music Hall, Cleveland, when all the 
speakers were men of prominence, not one of 
whom Catholic, and representing all shades 
of belief, and even of unbelief, but who had 
none but words of praise for him, applauded by 
the thousands assembled to honor his memory. 
It was indeed the most unique assembly ever 
held anywhere in the country. His death was 
lamented as that of a great man, good citizen, 
and able prelate, a loss to city, country and the 
church he served so well. 

He died at St. Augustine, Florida, on April 
13, 1891, after about one year's illness. His 
remains rest in a crypt under the cathedral in 
Cleveland, next to those of his predecessor, 
Bishop Rappe. 

HORSTMANN, D.D., third Bishop of 
Cleveland, was born in Philadelphia, or 
rather the part of it that was then the 
District of Southwark, on December 16, 1840. 
His parents, natives of Germany, came to this 
country in early life, and his father was a very 
prominent and prosperous business man in the 
city of his adoption. Young Ignatius began 
his education in a private academy conducted 
by Madam Charrier and her daughter, Mile. 
Clementine, and situated on German street, east 
of Third street. From this institution he passed 
to the Mount Vernon grammar school, and, 
having finished the regular course with distinc- 
tion, was promoted to the Central high school, 
at which he graduated in 1857, with an ex- 
ceptionally high average. Indeed, those who 
were then and previously his classmates say that 
he was ever at the head of his class. Then he 
entered St. Joseph's College, conducted by the 
Jesuits, and located at the northeast corner of 
Juniper and Filbert streets, Philadelphia. 
Evincing a strong inclination foi- the priest- 
hood, he entered the preparatory seminary at 


Glen Riddle, being one of the lirst of its 
students. Bishop Wood was so pleased with 
his aptitude for and application to study that he 
chose him as one of the first whom he sent to 
the newly established American College in 
Rome. There he continued to fulfil the promise 
that he had already uniformly gi^'en, and soon 
took foremost rank in the classes of the Prop- 
aganda, winning a number of medals in literary 
and oratorical contests. 

Completing the prescribed course of studies, 
he was elevated to the priesthood in the Eternal 
City on June 10, 1865, by Cardinal Patrizzi. 
He continued his studies in Rome, and a year 
later won the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
Returning to Philadelphia he was, in the latter 
part of 1866, appointed Professor of Logic, 
Metaphysics and Ethics, as well as of German 
and Hebrew, in St. Charles Borromeo's Semi- 
nary, in the old building at Eighteenth and 
Race streets, until 1871, and afterward at Over- 
brook, Pennsylvania. He remained there until 
the close of 1877, when he was appointed pastor 
of St. Mary's Church, Philadelphia. He served 
this parish with admirable ability and tact, 
and drew to the church large congregations to 
hear his learned and interesting discourses. So 
carefully did he manage the finances of the 
parish that when he left, after having been in 
charge considerably less than eight years, there 
was a balance of over §19,000 to the church's 

In September, 1885, Archbishop Ryan ap- 
pointed him Diocesan Chancellor, which im- 
portant and exacting position he filled with 
distinguished ability, till his elevation to the 
Episcopate, February, 1892. As Chancellor he 
had more leisure for literary work than he had 
as a pastor. His extensive learning and critical 
taste have been of use not only to himself but 
also to the intelligent Catholic-reading public 
in his valuable labors on the editorial staff of 
the American Catholic Quarterly Review. In 
addition to attending to the works so far re- 
ferred to, he was Spiritual Director of the 
Catholic Club and Chaplain of the Convent of 

Notre Dame, including the spiritual direction 
of three organizations that meet there and that 
are composed largely of former pupils of the 

Many appropriate demonstrations in his honor 
were held in this city on the occasion of the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of his ordination, which 
was celebrated impressively. Archbishop Ryan 
preached the jubilee sermon in the cathedral. 
At a grand reception at the Catholic Club in 
behalf of his lay friends a purse of $4,200 was 
presented, which sum he immediately turned 
over to St. Vincent's Home. 

February 25, 1892, he was consecrated Bishop 
of Cleveland, thus succeeding Bishop Gilmour, 
who died in April, 1891. Bishop Horstmann 
was duly installed in Cleveland a few weeks 
later, an immense multitude welcoming him to 
the Forest City. During his short career as 
Bishop of the large and important Diocese of 
Cleveland he has impressed all who have thus 
fai' met him as a man full of energy, firmness 
and kindness. He is a fluent speaker, an able 
writer, and is endowed with great business tact, 
and thoroughly in touch with his people. 

'Jr^ EV. C. A. THOMAS, senior agent of 
r?^ the publishing house of the Evangelical 
11 ^ Association of Cleveland, was born in 
V Hesse, Germany, March 22, 1840, a son 

of Henry and Catharine (Knoth) Thomas, also 
natives of Germany. His father, who has been 
engaged in the shoe trade, is now retired, aged 
eighty-seven years, with powers of body and 
mind well preserved. He resides with his son, 
whose name introduces this sketch. He came 
with his family from Germany in 1854, settling 
at Lockport, New York. His wife died about 
1884, at the age of seventy one years. Both 
were worthy and devoted members of the 
Evangelical Association. Their exemplary 
lives as sincere and consistent Christians are an 
endearing heritage to the fainilv and a boon to 


their acquaintances in the church of their choice. 
Of their twelve chihlren five are living, one of 
whom, Henry, a twin brother of the subject of 
this sketch, is a minister in the Canada Con- 
ference of the Evangelical Association. 

When a youth Mr. C. A. Thomas was edu- 
cated both privately and at public schools, in 
both German and English, and both in the old 
counti-y and America, and to a great degree 
without tutors. He began preaching at the age 
of nineteen years, in Canada, the Xew York 
Conference embracing a portion of that country. 
He was on circuits for twenty years before 
coming to Cleveland, in 1879, and for over four- 
teen years he was editor of the Evangelical 
Magazine and of Sunday-school literature; he 
is the oldest editor now in the publisiiing house, 
with which he has been connected for more than 
fourteen years. In this situation he was the 
successor of the late Rev. Dr. Martin Lauer, 
who suddenly died December 31, 1898. After 
that event the Board of Managers and the 
junior publisher, who survived Mr. Lauer, 
were of the united opinion that Mr. Thomas 
possessed all the qualifications for the position; 
and his success since then, thougli he has had 
the place but a short time, has already given 
ample evidence that their judgment was correct. 
Mr. Thomas is one of those men who consider 
their lives to be made up of plain duties, and his 
liighest ambition is to discharge those duties 
to the honor of God and with justice to all men. 
He is the author of a number of books in Ger- 
man, is a fluent writer and ready speaker. 

When he assumed the management of tlie 
Religious Belleslettric Magazine its circulation 
increased from 6,000 to 14,500, and it has out- 
stripped every other publication of its kind in 
the German language in this country. His 
success as editor was due largely to the fact that 
he familiarized himself with the wants and 
needs of the readers of the magazine, and has 
been successful in his endeavor to meet those 
wants. In this effort he did not undertake to 
cater to morbid appetite, but kept strictly within 
the channel of purity and noble ambition. This 

feature has brought the Evangelical Magazine 
to the front, and is now the leading German 
periodical in this field in America. 

Rev. Thomas is from a family noted for good 
health and longevity; is of medium size, wiry 
constitution and jovial disposition, and alert as 
a young man. He is a close observer, a good 
judge of human nature, has clear conceptive 
powers, a keen sense of jiistice, and is therefore 
a man of the highest sense of dignity, supported 
with the prudence of consideration and equity. 
As a preacher he was singularly successful. 
This is accounted for by his originality, which 
is full of energy and life, and just so much of 
good humor as to make him an interesting 
speaker both for young and old. He is a natural 
disciplinarian, which quality he demonstrated 
with signal ability while serving the church as 
Presiding Elder and also as editor of the Evan- 
gelical Magazine. 

February 27, 1866, is the date of his marriage 
to Miss Joanna Spies, daughter of Rev. C. A. 
Spies, of this city, and of the same church, who 
resides with this family. His age is now eighty- 
three years, and he is retired from the ministry, 
which he commenced in 1857, and during which 
he did much for the religious welfare of the 
German people of this country, both in the 
United States and in Canada. Mr. Thomas' 
residence is at 31 Steinway avenue, Cleveland. 
His children are: Edward, a machinist of this 
city, who married May Judkins; Emma, of the 
home circle; Adaline, who has been a successful 
teacher in the public schools for a number of 
years; Joanna, who died at the age of nineteen 
years. May 27, 1893, a most lovely girl; and 
Harvey, now a pupil in the public schools. 

The Cleveland publishing house of the Evan- 
gelical Association is located at 265 to 275 
Woodland avenue. The building is a solid brick 
block, four stories high besides the basement, and 
covering the entire square between Vine and 
Herman streets; having 100 feet front on Wood- 
land avenue, it is equivalent to five full-sized 
stores. Half of it was built in 1874, and half 
in 1884. It embraces, besides publishing and 


wholesale departments, a retail book store and 
a number of offices, and a large press-room 
fronting on Woodland avenue. The house pub- 
lishes a number of periodicals, both in German 
and English, weeklies, monthlies and quarterlies, 
having subscribers by the hundred thousand 
scattered throughout America, Germany and 
Japan, and even to some extent in Russia, Pales- 
tine and parts of Africa. It is safe to say that 
this house has done its full share in distributing 
good and wholesome literature. It has the old- 
est German religious papers in this country, 
some of which were commenced as early as 
1836; and a complete file of the oldest period- 
ical is still preserved entire. The institution also 
publishes music, conducts a bindery and electro- 
typing establishment and do job work generally. 
No publishing house in the United States has a 
better name, or has in the time of its existence 
exerted a greater influence for good. 


W. GAGE, attorney, Cleveland, was 
born September 26, 1825, at Madison, 
Lake county, Ohio, a son of James and 
Charlana (_Turney) Gage. His father was born 
in Norway, Herkimer county. New York, and 
early in life, probably when twenty-one years 
of age, came to Ohio, settling in Madison, 
where he spent nearly the whole of his life. He 
was a carpenter and joiner by trade, and also 
devoted a portion of his life to farming. 

In the village of Madison David W. Gage 
was reared, attending the district school until 
he was seventeen years of age, when he pre- 
pared forcollegeat Twinsburg Institute, Paines- 
ville Academy and Madison Seminary. When 
he was about ready for college he was attacked 
with typhoid fever, and a severe spell of sick- 
ness prevented his taking a course in college, 
and left him in not the very best of health, and 
warned him of his inability to go through the 
ordinary work of completing a college educa- 
tion. He had, however, gained a very liberal 
education, and as his tastes directed him to the 

profession of law, he began his preparations for 
that vocation by entering the law office of S. B. 
Axtell, in Painesville, where he read law during 
the years 1848 and '49. Subsequently he came 
to Cleveland and spent the years of 1852 and 
'53 in reading law in the office of Williamson 
& Riddle. He was admitted to the bar at 
Columbus in the winter of 1853-54, and imme- 
diately thereafter entered upon the practice of 
his profession. He began practice in Cleve- 
land, and continued until 1868, in which year 
he removed to Iowa, where he remained for 
five years. He then returned to Cleveland, in 
which city he has since remained, continuing in 
an active, lucrative general practice. While in 
Iowa he held the position of United States 
Commissioner for that State, and since he re- 
turned to Ohio he has been conspicuous as a 
leading spirit in the Prohibition movement. 
He is a member of the Sons of Temperance and 
of the Royal Templars, and for a number of 
years was a member of the Masonic order. He 
is a Christian gentleman, beingamember of the 
East End Baptist Church, where he is an active 
worker as a Deacon. 

Mr. Gage was married September, 1855, to 
Miss Mary J. Cole, daughter of Wm. H. Cole, 
of Warrensville, this county. The home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Gage have been blessed by the birth 
of the following children: Cora B., now the 
widow of A. R. Newton; Mattie G., now the 
widow of J. W. Street; and Julia J., now Mrs. 
W. B. Gerrish, of Oberlin, Ohio. 

ffj ENRT CLAY WHITE, a member of 
Ir^ the bar of Cuyahoga county, was born 
II ^ in the town of Newburg, in said county, 
^ near the city of Cleveland, on the 23d 

day of February, A. D. 1839. His father, 
Wileman AV. White, emigrated from Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, to Cleveland, Ohio, 
when it was a struggling village, in the year 
1815. He was bred to the trade of carpenter 
and joiner, and entered at once upon an active 


career as a builder and contractor in the grow- 
ing village of Cleveland, and constructed the 
first frame church edifice in the city, and the 
first bridge across the Cuyahoga river. He was 
an active builder and business man until 1838, 
when he removed from the city and purchased 
a large farm with mill, etc., in the township of 
Newburg and located upon the Ohio canal, 
which was then the great line of communica- 
tion between the lakes, Pittsburg, Cincinnati 
and other points. 

The mother of the subject of this sketch was 
also a native of Massachusetts, born in Berk- 
shire county. The father died in 1842, leav- 
ing Henry, his youngest son, only four years of 
age. He thus lost the nurture and guiding 
hand of his father, and from domestic vicissi- 
tudes very soon lost liis home and was obliged 
to resort to many humble occupations to make 
a living. In 1851 he attended school for a year 
or more at the Eclectic Institute, the prede- 
cessor of Hiram College, Ohio, and later, in 
1856, returned to that school, when it was pre- 
sided over by James A. Garfield, then its young 
principal. Mr. White spent five years at this 
school, laying the foundation for a fair educa- 
tion. He was one of those who, to the extent 
of his capacity, was blessed by the inspiration 
and ideals received from the teaching and in- 
tercourse with Mr. Garfield, who early achieved 
success as a great teacher. Mr. White, in the 
fall of 1860, entered the Law Department of the 
University of Michigan and graduated there in 
1862 as B. L. ; he then came to Cleveland, 
Ohio, where he has since resided, having been 
admitted to the bar in 1862. For ten years 
after his admission to the bar, in consequence 
of the depression in legal business due to the 
war of the Rebellion, he entered the Clerk's 
office of the Court of Common Pleas and served 
there in all capacities for ten years, until 1874, 
when he entered actively into the practice of 
law. In the fall of 1887 he was a candidate for 
Probate Judge of the county of Cuyahoga, 
seeking the nomination at the hands of the 
Pepiii)lican party, having for his chief opponent 

Honorable Daniel R. Tilden, who had held the 
office for thirty-three years in succession. Mr. 
White was nominated and elected by a hand- 
some majority, and entered upon his first term 
on the 9th day of February, 1888, and has 
since been twice re-elected and is now holding 
said office for his third term. In politics he is 
a Republican, having taken part in the cam- 
paign of 1860, which resulted in the election of 
Abraham Lincoln. He is a member of the 
Disciples' Church. He was married in 1866 
and has four children. 

r^^ sician and surgeon of Chagrin Falls, 
II »». Ohio, was born at Russell, Geauga 
v County, Ohio, August 22, 1838, a son of 

Reuben R. Walters, who was born in Herkimer 
county. New York, in 1804, a son of Nathaniel 
Walters, born in Dutchess county. New York, a 
son of John Walters, a native of England. Na- 
thaniel Walters, a grandfathei-, married a Miss 
Robins, also anative of New York State, Dutch- 
ess county, and a daughter of an old family of 
the State. 

Reuben R. Walters, father of Reuben W. 
Walters, came to Ohio in 1837 and settled in 
Russell. He was a carpenter and joiner and 
cabinet-maker by trade, and was a good me- 
chanic. He was the man that cast the first Ab- 
olitionist vote in Geauga county. Later he 
became a Republican and finally a Prohibition- 
ist, was a Deacon in the Free-will Baptist 
Church, and died at Chagrin Falls, January 9, 
1888, at eighty-three years of age. The mother's 
maiden name was Emily White; she died at 
Chagrin Falls, March 10, 1890, aged eighty- 
five, surrounded by all the care and comforts her 
son, our subject, could give her. She had one 
other son, Franklin R., who died in 1854. 

Reuben W. grew up in Chagrin Falls and 
here received his early education. During the 
war he enlisted, August 15, 1862, at the time of 
Lincoln's call for " 300,000 more," and in the 


Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company D, 
and as hospital steward he served until March, 
1865. He was at the battles of Lookout Moun- 
tain, Missionary Ridge, etc., Georgia, and other 
engagements of less note. As hospital steward 
he served with credit and honor. 

Doctor Walters graduated in the Medical De- 
partment of Western Reserve University, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1867, and also graduated at the 
Homeopathic Hospital College of Cleveland six 
years later. 

Doctor Walters was married December 5, 
1867, at Conneautville, Pennsylvania, to Sarah 
Francis White, a lady of education, refinement 
and good family. She was born at Garretts- 
ville, Ohio, a daughter of H. K. White, now 
deceased, and Laura (Ellinwood) White. Before 
her marriage she was a successful and popular 
teacher. She died March 20, 1893, leaving two 
sons: Wilson H., a graduate of the Chagrin 
Falls liigh school in 1892; and Frank, a boy of 
fourteen, attending school at Mount Vernon, 
Ohio. Mrs. Walters was a worthy wife and 
mother, a helpmate to her husband, a Christian 

Doctor Walters is a member of the G. A. R., 
N. L. Norris Post, No. 40. He is one of the 
twelve commissioners of the Soldiers' and Sail- 
ors' Monument, at Cleveland, Ohio. He is a 
worthy member of the Seventh-Day Adventist 
Church. The Doctor has been active in the best 
interests of the town, and is one of its most 
worthy citizens. The Doctor was President of 
the Board of Education from 1879 to 1882, and 
clerk of the same during those years. 

FRANK S. CLARK, M. D.— In the great 
competitive struggle of life, when each 
-- man must enter the Held and fight his 
way to the front, or else be overtaken by 
disaster of circumstance or place, proving either 
a coward or a victim, there is ever a particular 
interest attaching to the life of one who has 
turned the tide of success, has surmounted ob- 
stacles and has shown his ability to cope with 

others in their rush for the coveted goal. The 
record of such lives must ever be a fecund 
source of interest and incentive. 

Dr. Clark, who has gained enviable prestige 
as one of the most able and successful of the 
younger practitioners of medicine and surgery 
in the city of Cleveland, was born in Summit 
county, Ohio, on the 27tli of May, 1865, a son 
of n. J. and Lizzie P. (Blackman) Clark, both 
of whom are natives of Ohio. The father is 
now actively engaged in the general mercantile 
business. In early life he was for about twenty 
years a prominent teacher, being for some time 
superintendent of the public schools at Oberlin, 
Ohio. He is a graduate of the Western Reserve 
University, and at one time he had charge of the 
academy at Poland, Ohio. He is a resident of 
Oberlin, and has for years been a Deacon of the 
First Congregational Church of that place. 

Our subject is the second of a family of five 
children, two of whom died in childhood. Those 
living are noted as follows: Mary A. is a grad- 
uate of Oberlin College, and has been a success- 
ful teacher. She taught at Nashville, Tennes- 
see, under the auspices of the American Mis- 
sionary Association of the Congregational 
Church. Edward W. Clark is a graduate ot 
Oberlin College, in which institution he was for 
two years an instructor in Latin and Greek, for 
the teaching of which languages he is now 
(1893) in Germany perfecting himself. 

Dr. Clark completed a classical course at 
Oberlin and graduated in 1887, receiving the 
degree of A. M. in 1890. In the fall of the 
same year he began the study of medicine in 
the medical department of the Western Reserve 
University, graduating in 1890. He filled the 
position as house physician at Lakeside Hospital 
for one year and then entered upon a general 
practice in the city of Cleveland, leaving the 
hospital in April, 1891. He had charge of 
the Maternity Hospital for one year after sev- 
ering his connection with the Lakeside Hospital. 
He is a member of the Cuyahoga County and 
the Cleveland Medical Societies and is also 
ideiititied with the State medical association. 



Dr. Clark has met with success in his pro- 
fessional work, has gained recognition for his 
worth and ability and is one of the most prom- 
ising among the young physicians of the Forest 
City. He has been a close and conscientious 
student, is thoroughly abreast of the progress 
made in the science of medicine and is en- 
thusiastic in his profession. He is at present 
visiting physician and surgeon to St. Alexis 

ffj ON. HENRY B. PAYNE, an eminent 
fH| citizen, lawyer and statesman, was born 
II 41 in Hamilton, Madison county, New 
"^ York, November 30, 1810. His father, 

Elisha Payne, was a native of Connecticut, and 
left Lebanon in that State in 1795, settling in 
Hamilton, where he was instrumental in found- 
ing the Hamilton Theological Seminary, being 
a man of pure personal character and public 
spirit. The Payne family is of English origin, 
but the mother of Henry B. Payne came of tlie 
noted Douglas stock. 

Mr. Payne graduated at Hamilton College at 
the age of twenty-two, distinguished for mathe- 
matical and classical attainments. He immedi- 
ately began the study of law in the office of John 
C. Spencer, an eminent lawyer of Canandaigua, 
afterward Secretary of War in President 
Tyler's Cabinet. Stephen A. Douglas was at 
the same time a student in the office of a rival 
law firm, and then and there Payne and Douglas 
began a personal and political friendship of a 
life-time. In 1833 westward was the course of 
empire for young men of education and high 
spirit, even as it is now, and the two young 
lawyers emigrated to Cleveland, Ohio, then a 
thriving village of about 3,000 people. Douglas 
had preceded Payne some months, and when the 
latter arrived he found the future senator of 
Illinois sick nigh unto death. His first mission 
was to nurse his friend back to health or close 
his eyes in death. For three weeks he never 
left the bedside of Douglas. When the latter 

recovered he announced his intention of going 
further west. Mr. Payne, while regretting the 
separation, aided him financially to make the 
journey, and three years later was gratified to 
hear of Douglas as Prosecuting Attorney of 
Sangamon county, Illinois. 

Mr. Payne, sagaciously prophesying the bright 
future of the then handsome village, adopted 
Cleveland for his permanent abode, and after 
a student year in the office of Sherlock J. An- 
drews, then the foremost advocate of northern 
Ohio, he was admitted to the bar. The follow- 
ing year he formed a partnership with the late 
Judge Hiram V. Willson. The legal firm of 
Payne & Willson starting under favorable 
auspices, in a few years they found their office 
doing the leading business in the State. 

The professional life of Mr. Payne was com- 
paratively short, embracing only some twelve 
years, as he was compelled, in 1846, in the 
midst of an overwhelming business, to retire 
from practice by reason of physical debility 
arising principally from hemorrhage of the 
lungs, the result of crushing mental and physi- 
cal labor. After the lapse of fifty years but 
few of his contemporaries remain who knew 
him at the bar. If, however, the legends which 
have come down the decades from the lips of 
eminent veterans of the profession may be re- 
lied on as history, they bear testimony to his 
legal accomplishments and great forensic abilty, 
even from his first appearance. His characterist- 
ics were quickness of perception, a seeming in- 
tuitive knowledge of the principles involved, a 
wonderful comprehension of testimony, and as 
an advocate he possessed i-are and peculiar gifts. 
He did not, however, trust alone to his inherent 
powers. Being an alert and industrious student 
he thoroughly prepared every case, and then 
doubly armed he was a formidable opponent. 

In 1836, upon the organization of the gov- 
ernment of the city of Cleveland under a mu- 
nicipal charter, he was appointed the first of 
that long list of legal advisers designated City 
Attorney or Solicitor. The same year he mar- 
ried Miss Mary Perry, the accomplished and 


only daughter of Nathan Perry, a worthy mer- 
chant of the pioneer days of northern Ohio. In 
commemoration of the happy event and life-long 
domestic compatiionship, he recently, after the 
lapse of nearly sixty years, erected on Superior 
street the mon>imental and beautiful structure 
appropriately christened •' Perry-Payne." 

After his retirement from the bar and the 
restoration of his health, he was not inactive; 
he not only devoted himself to his extensive 
private affairs, hut such was the public confi- 
dence ill his financial abilities and personal in- 
tegrity that his services were almost constantly 
demanded, either in the Council to aid in re- 
storing or sustaining municipal credit, or in the 
reconstruction of its various departments, — 
always a gratuitous service. 

Mr. Payne was an early and leading spirit in 
railroad enterprises in Ohio. In 1849 he, with 
John W. Allen, Richard HiUiard and John M. 
Woolsey, inaugurated measures for the con- 
struction of the Cleveland & Columbus Rail- 
road, and mainly to Henry B. Payne, Richard 
Hilliard, and Alfred Keiley the success of the 
great enterprise was due. The road was com- 
pleted in 1851 and Mr. Payne was elected its 
president, which office he resigned in 1854. He 
became a director in 1855 of the Cleveland, 
Painesville & Ashtabula (afterward Lake Shore) 
Railroad. These and other enterprises and in- 
dustries with which his name has been associ- 
ated as subscriber and promoter, have largely 
contributed to advance the little village of his 
adoption in 1833, to a city of 300,000 in 1893. 
In 1855 he served as a member of the first 
board of Water Works Commissioners, under 
whose auspices that great and indispensable 
system was planned and executed in behalf of 
the city. 

In 1862 he became president of the Board of 
Sinking Fund Commissioners, which position 
he has ever since held. The city takes pride in 
the management of its sinking fund, which in 
the hands of able and honest commissioners, in 
thirty years, has augmented from about $360,- 
000 to 13,000,000. with a nominal annual ex- 

pense of only a few hundred dollars for clerical 
service,— an unprecedented example of the man- 
agement of a public financial trust. 

In 1848 he was a Presidential Elector on the 
Cass ticket. In 1851 he was elected State Sen- 
ator, serving two years with such ability as to 
win universal recognition in the State as a par- 
liamentary leader and statesman. The first ap- 
preciation of the public talents of Mr. Payne, 
and the devotion of his party in that Legislature 
to him, is recorded in the twenty-six ballotings 
for United States Senator, in which his party 
remained true to him in every ballot, while their 
opponents, the Whigs, matched him alternately 
with many of their ablest men, Ewing, Corwin, 
Andrews, and several others, the balance of 
power being held by some few Free Soil mem- 
bers, the ultimate result being the election of 
Benjamin F. Wade by one majority. 

The stirring event in the State in 1857 was the 
nomination of Mr. Payne by the Democratic 
party for Governor. The conclusion of his 
brilliant and captivating speech accepting the 
nomination was alike gallant, inspiriting and 
characteristic, when he said, " In the battle in 
which we are engaged I ask no Democrat to go 
where 1 am not first found bearing the standard 
which you have placed in ray hands." He made 
a canvass so remarkable for its spirit, aggressive- 
ness and brilliancy that although his party had 
but recently been in a minority of 80,000, he 
came within a few hundred votes of defeating 
Governor Chase for his second term. The offi- 
cial count alone determined the result. 

He was a delegate to the Democratic national 
convention held at Cincinnati in 1856, which 
nominated Buchanan for president; and dele- 
gate at large to the convention at Charleston in 
1860, and reported from the committee the 
minority resolutions, which were adopted by 
the convention. He was selected by Senator 
Douglas to reply to the attacks of Yancey and 
Toombs in that convention. The speech made 
by Mr. Payne in the Charleston convention was 
remarkable for its perspicuity, brilliancy and 
power, — condemning incipient secession and 


littering prophetic warnings to the South if 
they persisted in going out of the Union. The 
speech made him a national reputation, winning 
for him the gratitude of the Northern delegates 
and commanding the respect of the Southern 

In 1872 the Democratic State convention, 
held at Cleveland, selected him as a delegate at 
large to the convention which nominated Horace 
Greeley. He was made chairman of the Ohio 
delegation, and on his return entered with his 
accustomed zeal and spirit into the campaign. 

In 1874 he accepted the Democratic nomina- 
tion in the Cleveland District for Congress, and 
in a district which has always given a large Re- 
publican majority he was elected by nearly 
2,500 majority. It was at a time when there 
was expressed, justly or unjustly, much public 
indignation touching financial scandals in Con- 
gressional and official service, and in his speech 
accepting the nomination he was moved to say: 
"If elected, and my life is spared to serve out 
the terra, I promise to come back with hand 
and heart as undefiled and clean as when I left 
you;" and he kept the faith. He at once took 
high rank in Congress and was appointed on 
the committee on Banking and Currency. This 
was his appropriate field of labor, and his 
propositions, explanations and arguments in 
committee commanded the profoundest con- 
sideration. The financial bill known as the 
"Payne Compromise" was doubtless the master 
work of his Congressional life. The Resump- 
tion Act had recently passed, and all the West- 
ern Democrats had been elected with the under- 
standing that it should be repealed. The Eastern 
Democrats were in favor of cast-iron resump- 
tion. The bitterest feeling sprang up between 
the two factions, and a split upon the currency 
question seemed imminent. Payne had always 
been faithful to his convictions as a Democrat, 
but "soft" money was not a portion of his 
creed. Tlie extreme "hards" wanted to abolish 
paper currency: the extreme "softs" wanted to 
wipe out the banks. There were some forty 
propositions pending. Payne then presented 

his plan. He proposed to retain both the banks 
and their currency and the greenbacks, but was 
in favor of the Government making the paper 
money as good as gold. He proposed that the 
banks and the Government should bear the 
burdens of resumption by returning twenty per 
cent, of the paper each had in circulation, thus 
reducing the volume of the paper, and paving 
the way for a natural resumption. His plan 
met with decided opposition from both factious, 
but he calmly reasoned with his opponents until 
he made many converts among thinking men, 
both statesmen and bankers. The Payne plan 
was adopted by a Democratic caucus, after 
nearly three months of discussion, and reported 
to the House by Mr. Payne. Senator Bayard 
gracefully yielded to Mr. Payne's views, saying 
to him, "I have made a careful examination of 
your proposition and find there is no sacrifice 
of principle in it. It is an adjustment of some 
financial principles to a strained condition of 
affairs." Mr. Seligman, the eminent New York 
banker, said, "The principles of Payne's com- 


if enacted into law would 


a solu- 

tion of our complicated system, and give us a 
safer currency than England. It made no war 
on banks, but it recognized them as a safe 
medium for handling the currency, and increas- 
ing and decreasing the volume of currency, ac- 
cording to the needs of trade, and removed it 
from the domain of politicians, too many of 
whom knew but little about the financial affairs 
of the country." 

He was chairman of the House Conference 
Committee on the Electoral vote, a strong ad- 
vocate of the Electoral Commission bill, and a 
member of the Commission himself. His record 
through all that exciting period is creditable to 
him in the highest degree, both as a represent- 
ative Democrat and a statesman. 

From the disruption of the Charleston con- 
vention Mr. Payne was conscious that an 
attempt would be made to separate the States, 
and it was in his first public utterance there- 
after, and before the first act of secession, that 
he replied to the hostile sentiments expressed 


by a Southern gentleiiiai). declaring that "the 
Union had a mortgage upon every dollar that 
he owned for its preservation." In the gloomy 
days of 1862 he united with other citizens in a 
guarantee to the county treasurer against loss 
by advancing $50,000 for military necessities, 
trusting to a future legislature to sanction such 
advances. During the reverses of the Union 
army early in the war, when the President 
called for 500,000 volunteers, Governor Tod 
appealed to him for his influence in aiding to 
meet that call. He reported with alacrity, 
stumping the State, encouraging enlistments, 
raising funds, and preaching the salvation of 
the Union. 

Mr. Payne's name was presented as a candi- 
date for the Presidency before the national 
Democratic convention held in Cincinnati in 
1880. Ohio had instructed her delegates to 
vote for Thurman, which they felt obligated to 
do unless released by him. Although Mr. Payne 
did not receive a single vote from his own State, 
he, nevertlieless, was the third highest in the 
list on the first ballot, whicli stood: Hancock 
171; Bayard 153; Payne 81, the remainder of 
738 being widely scattered. At this juncture, 
if ;N[r. Payne could have received the Ohio 
vote, to which, as her leading candidate, he 
seemed fairly entitled, he could have been nomi- 
nated, but the delegation being unable to get 
released from their instructions, Mr. Payne 
promptly requested the withdrawal of his own 

In 1885 Mr. Payne was elected United States 
Senator for the term of six years, ending in 
1892, being the first Democrat ever elected 
from the northern half of the State. It was an 
unsonght and gratuitous gift of the Legislature, 
and of the party with which he had been for a 
lifetime recognized as one of its most brilliant 
leaders — and a graceful climax of an honorable 

Mr. Payne's family relations have been for- 
tunate and happy. His wife, a few years his 
junior, is still by his side. They have had five 
children, but sadly three times the family circle 

has been broken, first in the death of the 
youngest, and then of the eldest son; and lastly 
in the death of Mrs. W. C. Whitney, of New 
York. The survivors are Colonel Oliver H. 
Payne, of New York, and Mrs. Bingham, of 

'T^ EV. J. H. C. KOEXTGEX. D. D., pas- 

\^^ tor of the First Reformed Church, which 
Jl ~s was the first German church on the West 
V Side in Cleveland, Ohio, was born in El- 

berfeld,Ehein Province, Prussia, Germany, June 
19, 1844. His parents were Ferdinand and 
Henrietta (Huesser) Roentgen. The mother 
died in Germany in 1860, aged fifty-two years. 
The father, a cigar manufacturer, came to Amer- 
ica with his family in 1872. They stopped at 
Sheboygan, Wisconsin, where they remained 
some two years, removing thence to La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, in 1874. Here the father died in 
1882, aged seventy-six years. Both father and 
mother were life-long members of the Reformed 

Rev. Dr. Roentgen is the third in a family of 
five children, three of whom died in early life. 
A younger sister, the wife of Rev. Julius Grauel, 
resides at OIney, Illinois, where her husband 
has a charge. She and Dr. Roentgen are tlie 
only surviving members of their family. 

Dr. Roentgen was educated in Europe and 
came to this country with his father. Here he 
studied theology at Franklin, Sheboygan county, 
Wisconsin, graduating in 1874, and was ordained 
by the Sheboygan Classis of the Reformed 
Church in the United States, October 11, 1874. 
He took his first charge, a mission at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, October IS, 1874. Here he labored 
effectively, erecting a building for the parochial 
school, and so wisely directing his efforts that 
when he left in December, 1882, what had been 
a mission was a self-sustaining church of nearly 
200 members. From La Crosse Dr. Roentgen 
came to Cleveland, January 8, 1883, to become 
pastor of the First Reformed Church, which he 


has served ever since. This church was organ- 
ized in 1848. When lie came the membership 
numbered between three and four hundred; it 
now numbers between four and five hundred. 
The Sabbath-school has over 250 members. 

The degree of Doctor of Divinity was con- 
ferred upon Rev. Dr. Eoentgen in June, 1892, 
while a teacher in Calvin College, by the Frank- 
lin and Marshall College, of Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, the oldest and greatest college of his 
church, and he taught in Calvin College from 
1885 to 1892 preaching in his church at the 
same time. 

He was married December 15, 1874, to Miss 
Maria Louisa Frederica Walther, daughter of 
Carl and Louisa Walther, natives of Germany 
and residents of Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Dr. 
and Mrs. Roentgen have had four children, viz.: 
Louisa, deceased at nine years; Henry, Dorothea 
and Arthur. The Doctor's only cousin is Dr. 
W. Roentgen, a professor in the University of 
Stuttgart, Wiirtemberg, Germany. 

Dr. Roentgen is a scholarly man, of good 
personal appearance, strong mentally, quick in 
perception and active. He holds a prominent and 
important place in the church of his choice, and 
is in the prime of a vigorous and useful man- 
hood. He is in rugged health and gives promise 
of many years of active usefulness to his church 
and to the community wherever his lot may be 

FATHER W. KOERNER, rector of St. 
Procop's Catholic Church, was born in 
— Bohemia, August 31, 1859. His parents 
were Charles and Theresa Koerner, both of 
whom are deceased. 

W. Koerner was educated in his native town, 
Wittingau, and also in Bndweis, and in St. 
Francis Seminary in Milwaukee, where he com- 
pleted his theological course in 1883, and was 
ordained priest February 16, that year, by Arch- 
bishop Patrick Feelian, of the Chicago Diocese. 
His first work was in St. Procop's Church, 
Chicago, where he served as assistant priest for 

fifteen mouths. From there he went to Detroit, 
where he labored as pastor of the St. Wences- 
laus Church, built the schoolhouse and renovated 
the church building at an expense of many 
thousand dollars. He remained there over five 
years, then went to Kellnersville, Wisconsin, 
where he served nearly four years as Bohemian 
missionary, and renewed the interior of the 
church, ordering all the equipments from Cleve- 
land. His next field of labor Wf3 Muscota, 
Wisconsin, a few months, coming thence to 
Cleveland, August 22, 1893, to take charge of 
his present work. 

He has about 450 families under his care. 
The school numbers about 465 children, with 
six rooms and six teachers. Everything is in 
excellent working order. 

j\ ^ land k 

FRANK OPPERMAN, pastor of 
nited Evangelical Church in Cleve- 
known as " Friedens Kirche," was 
born in Germany, April 18,1863. His 
parents were John and Cecilia Opperman. His 
father, a minister, died in Germany, in 1863, at 
about fifty years of age, and his mother still 
lives in her native land (Germany), aged sixty- 
eight years. Of their children, John, born De- 
cember 4, 1861, and still residing in Germany, 
and the subject of this sketch, are the only ones 
living. Both the grandfathers also were minis- 

Rev. Frank Opperman graduated at Werni- 
gerode, in Germany, in 1881, and studied theol- 
ogy at Berlin. He served in the army one year 
— the time required of professional men in 
Germany — and oame to America in January, 
1886. Here he studied in the seminary of the 
Evangelical Synod at St. Louis, Missouri, com- 
pleting the course in 1887. He then returned 
to Germany and studied theology. In October, 
1888, he returned to America and was appointed 
minister at Strasburg, Tuscarawas county, Ohio, 
remaining until April, 1891, when he came to 
his present congregation. His contrre^jation 


has seventy-five regular members, and about 
thirty irregular; Sabbath school, 150 children, 
with twenty-one teachers. 

Mr. Opperman was married February 12, 
1889, in Germany, to Miss Mary Wiedfeldt, 
daughter of Rev. Emil and Elizabeth Wiedfeldt. 
Her father is a minister of the United Evangeli- 
cal Church in Germany; was educated in the 
University of Halle, Germany, and labored as a 
minister for about twelve years in Salzwedel 
and Estedt sixteen years, in which latter place 
he still remains. His father-in-law, Charles 
Wildberg, was a minister in the same place 
twenty-five years. Rev. Emil Wiedfeldt and 
his wife, Elizabeth, had four children, — Mrs. 
Opperman, Charles Martin, Emanuel and Eliza- 
beth, — all living at home except Mrs. Opper- 
man. The boys are attending the gymnasium. 

The subject of this brief notice is a man 
young in years for the responsible positions he 
has held and is still holding;_but he is scholarly, 
pleasant and easy in address, and is growing 
rapidly in favor with all good people. His wife 
is a cultured, attractive lady and a wonderful 
helper in the arduous duties of a minister's wife. 
They have one child, Elsa by name. 

fj^ EV. MARTIN LAUER, deceased, late 
Y^^ senior agent of the Publishing House of 
II ^ the Evangelical Association at Cleveland, 
^ was born in Germany, January 18, 1824. 

His parents were John Martin and Elizabeth C. 
(Hansan) Lauer, natives of Germany. His father, 
a horticulturist, died in Germany. Both the 
parents were well-to-do, honest Germans, be- 
longing to the national church, and were widely 
known and highly respected as worthy people. 
The wife's father, Martin Hausan, and his 
brother, represented the German Government 
at different times in Holland, and Martin held 
other positions also under the Government. 

The subject of this sketch was nine years of 
age, in 1S33, when his father died, at the age 

of thirty-nine years, and his mother came to 
America in 1835, bringing her family of four 
children, namely, Martin, the eldest; Anna 
Maria, who died and was buried in Cleveland, 
and was the wife of Matthew Tribel, who now 
lives in Kansas; Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Keller, 
of St. Paul, Minnesota; and Catherine, who 
died unmarried in Buffalo, Xew York. 

Mr. Lauer was educated in Buffalo, New 
York, where the family settled, and also in 
Rochester, same State. He began preaching at 
the age of twenty years, in the forests of New 
York and the Province of Canada. In 1846 he 
was ordained by Bishop Seybert, the first bishop 
of the Evangelical Association. In 1847 he was 
sent to Laban, Pennsylvania, which was quite a 
Favorable change from the back woods. Thence 
he went to New York State, preaching success- 
ively in the cities of Buffalo (his old home), Al- 
bany, Syracuse and Rochester. He was then 
made Presiding Elder. He was a member of the 
Board of Publication of his Church from its or- 
ganization in 1859 to 1875, and was finally 
elected editor of the Christliche Botschafter, and 
came to Cleveland, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life. His election prohibited 
him from membership in the Board of Publica- 
tion, owing to a rule that no officer of the Pub- 
lishing House can be a member of the Board of 
Publication. In 1879 he was elected senior 
agent of the Publishing House. 

He was also President of the Orphans' Home 
of the Evangelical Association, located at Flat 
Rock, Seneca county, Ohio, in which institution 
are sheltered at present about 140 children. It 
has 300 acres of land, well improved, good brick 
buildings, furnished with the best modern ap- 
pliances and improvements and about §70,000 
as an endowment fund. Mr. Lauer was also 
President of the Missionary Society of his 
church from 1879, both Home and Foreign, un- 
til the time of his death. At the last meeting 
of that society there were representatives from 
the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzer- 
land and Japan. They have been very success- 
ful in their missionary work, especially in Japan. 


The life of Rev. Martin Lauer is a part of the 
imperishable record of his church's achieve- 
ments in the various and extended sections of 
country where he labored. He was admitted to 
bis conference before he had reached his major- 
ity. The short stature and massive frame, in 
symmetric harmony with the fine-cnt features, 
the broad, high forehead, small, brown eyes 
shining forth under the bushy eye-brows, the 
classic nose and massive chin, convinced every 
observer of the great mind he possessed. He 
was a thinker, and always saw his way clear be- 
fore he acted. This was true of him as a min- 
ister, and he never entered the pulpit without 
being perfectly conversant with the subject 
matter of his discourse. In public meetings he 
would never participate in a discussion unless 
in possession of such a degree of knowledge of 
the matter under consideration that he always 
knew what to say, and as a rule gained his point. 
His whole appearance, in connection with his 
acute intelligence and practical way of conduct- 
ing affairs, recommended him as a competent 
manager of an extensive business establishment. 
His quiet but decisive way of expressing his 
views and his clear judgment inspired confi- 
dence and respect. His conversation, cautious 
disposition and strong mind, his candid manner 
of action and of accomplishing his work, made 
him a favorite among the clergy of his church 
as well as the business world, and the " beloved 
Father Lauer" among all who knew him. 

He had studied closely the problem of his 
early life, and how to make the most and best 
of it, which showed that he followed a clear and 
marked line. He considered his relations to be 
threefold in character, and this involved a three- 
fold responsibility. The first of these three re- 
lations, in a manner, embraced also two others; 
and this was his relation to God. In early lite he 
made a profession of Christianity in the church 
of his choice, in whose communion he spent all 
his life. He showed his attachment to his 
church by a uniform fidelity. His religion was 
not a mere profession, but personal and practi- 
cal, and his life purpose and aim was to do what 

was right and pleasing to God. He had broad 
views of truth and a high and wide conception 
of duty. He once said, " Ifew light is ever 
breaking forth from the Word of God, and that 
Word liveth and abideth forever: it is an infal- 
lible source of truth. The sum of its teaching 
is, ' Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all 
thy heart, and thy neighbor as thyself.' It is a 
standard as high as Heaven, and I shall aim to 
make it the guiding star of my faith and life." 

The second relation was that which he bore 
to himself. He regarded his faculties and pow- 
ers as something almost apart from himself; 
that is, he considered them a trust, Avhich God 
had committed to his keeping for its right and 
faithful use, for which he was responsible. He 
formed his plan early in life. He always said, 
" Certain things are required of me — plain du- 
ties." These he aimed to perform. The line of 
life which he selected was one of strict integ- 
rity, and personal business and honor. To these 
he adhered with fidelity, and by this course was 
led on the highway of ministerial success. 

This naturally involved a third relation, — that 
to his fellow-men. He had learned in his early 
experience how good a thing it was to have the 
friendship and sympathy of others, and there- 
fore he always made friends. He always kept 
an open heart and ready hand, and a pleasant 
smile to gladden others, and always manifested a 
lively interest in the good order and moral wel- 
fare of the community in which he lived. 

His devoted wife was for nearly half a cen- 
tury the human comfort and stay of his life. 
She and all her children belong to the Evan- 
gelical Association. Mr. Lauer was married 
May 16, 1849, to Miss Catherine Schlotzhauer, 
in the city of Albany, New York, and they had 
twelve children, five of whom are still living, 
namely: Herman M., who married Fannie Mil- 
ler, and is a carpenter contractor of Cleveland; 
Edward T., who married Christina Phillipe, and 
is in the paving business; Cornelius A., who 
married Elizabeth Morman, and is in the insur- 
ance business; Clara L., who was married May 
16, 1893, to William T. Hudson of Cleveland: 


Mr. Hudson is connected with the Standard Oil 
Company; and Lydia Paulene, still of the home 
circle. She is Corresponding Secretary of the 
largest Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor in Ohio, and a great church worker, a 
teacher of marked ability. The other children 
are all deceased, and all died in early childhood, 
excepting one son, Paul Erasmus, who died in 
February, 1893, at the age of thirty years. He 
was a man of much promise, possessing good 
business ability and that enterprising spirit that 
overcomes all obstacles. After passing through 
the high school of Cleveland he entered Adel- 
bert College, same city. After graduating at 
Adelbert he served as principal four years in the 
Green Springs Academy, in Seneca county, 
Ohio, where he also married Miss Alice Hesser. 
He then spent three years in Johns Hopkins 
University, where he graduated with the degree 
of Ph. D. He was appointed Supervisor of the 
Public Schools of Cleveland, but served only a 
few months when he was taken sick with ty- 
phoid fever, from which he died. He was a 
man of great intellectual force, and well defined 
and clear-cut views. He exercised a wide influ- 
ence for good, and his early Christian cliaracter 
will long be remembered by a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances. His early death was 
sadly mourned and his ripe Christian character 
made a lasting impression upon his friends. 

E.JV. Martin Lauer was taken sick about the 
middle of December, 1893, and after a two- 
weeks illness departed this life at 8:50 o'clock 
in the evening of December 80, 1893. 

E. SCHUTT, Superintendent of Mails 
in the Cleveland (Ohio) post-office, has 
been identified with the United States 
mail service since November, 1879. He was 
born at Avilla, Indiana, March 23, 1857, of 
Scotch-German extraction. His father, Thomas 
Schutt, still living at Avilla, is a farmer and was 
a pioneer to Noble county, being the first to cut 
a tree from the farm on which lie now resides. 
He was born at Penn Yan, Yates county. New 

York, March 21, 1817, and emigrated to the 
Hoosier State in 1844. At that time railroads 
were unknown in the "Western States, and the 
journey "out West" was made by boat from 
Buffalo to Toledo, thence on foot the remaining 
100 jniles through an almost unbroken wilder- 

The mother of Mr. Schutt died in 1864, and 
the subsequent four years of his life were spent 
with an indulgent grandmother, after which he 
returned to the farm (the father having re-mar- 
ried), where in addition to attending to the usual 
duties of a farmer's boy he managed to obtain a 
liberal academic education, and at the age of 
seventeen commenced teaching school; this vo- 
cation was followed for two years, at the close of 
which he entered the office of J. M. Teal, D. D. 
S , at Kendallville, Indiana, where he began the 
study of dentistry, which was not entirely com- 
pleted when he was tendered and accepted the 
position of railway postal clerk, — not, however, 
with the intention of making it a life work, 
dentistry being his chosen profession; and dur- 
ing his entire connection with the mail service 
he has found time to read the current dental 
literature, and, until assuming charge of his 
present position, to put into practice any im- 
provements or advanced ideas found therein, 
the diflicult operation known in dental surgery 
as replantation having been many times success- 
fully performed by him. 

Having satisfactorily passed the probationary 
period he was permanently appointed as a rail- 
way postal clerk in May, 1880, at a salary of 
$900 per annum. From this time on he took a 
greater interest in the service, was successively 
promoted through all the intermediate grades, 
and in March, 1886, was appointed clerk in 
ch-irgo between Syracuse, New York, and Cleve- 
land, Ohio. This position was filled with en- 
tire satisfaction to the department, as was 
evidenced by his appointment, May 1, 1891, to 
the position he now holds. 

In the spring of 1890, Postmaster General 
AVanamaker offered a gold medal to the clerk 
making the best record in the railway mail ser- 


vice at the close of that year; this was won by 
Mr. Schutt, in the Ninth Division, his record 
for the year being as follows: In addition to the 
duties of clerk in charge, he distributed 1,490,- 
944 pieces of mail, with but 128 errors, being 
an average of 11,648 pieces correct to each error, 
and was examined on 10,396 postoliices, of 
which 99.93 per cent were correctly cased, at 
the rate of 82 per minute, with 680 separations. 

\i~\ shrewd attorney and able financier, died 
11 il January 14, 1884, at his residence. No. 
^ 930 Euclid avenue, Cleveland, nearly 

seventy-six years of age. He was born March 
16, 1808, in Crawford eoiinty, Pennsylvania, 
and was the oldest of the seven children of 
Samuel and Isabella (McQueen) Williamson. 
His father removed from Cumberland county 
to Crawford county in 1800, where he first met 
his wife. On the 10th of May, 1810, he removed 
with his family to Cleveland, where in partner- 
ship with his brother he began the business of 
tanning and currying, which he continued until 
his death in September, 1834. He was a man 
of enterprise and public spirit, liberal in politics 
and highly esteemed as a citizen. For many 
years he was Justice of the Peace for Cleveland 
township and Associate Judge of the Common 
Pleas Court. 

His son, whose honored name introduces this 
personal memoir, was only two years old when 
he was brought to this city by his parents. On 
reaching the age of seven years he was sent to 
the public schools, which he attended till 1826; 
at that time he entered Jefferson College, in 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, and gradu- 
ated in 1829. Keturning to Cleveland he en- 
tered the office of the late Judge Sherlock J. 
Andrews, where he read law for two years. In 
1832 he was admitted to practice in the Cuya- 
hoga courts and immediately formed a partner- 
ship with the late Leonard Case, continuing his 
professional labors with iiim until 1834, when 

Mr. Williamson was elected County Auditor, in 
which office he remained for the period of eight 
years, when he resumed the practice of law. 

In 1843 he married Mary E.Tisdaie, of Utica, 
New York, and died leaving a wife and three 
sons, namely: Judge Samuel E. Williamson, of 
Cleveland; George T. Williamson, of Chicago; 
and Rev. James D. Williamson, of Cleveland. 

Mr. Williamson continued the practice of law 
with but slight interruption, in partnership with 
A. G. Riddle, until 1872, when he gave up the 
arduous labors of his profession and retired from 
its active pursuit to the enjoyment of a more 
quiet life. He did not cease to work, however, 
but gave much of his personal attention to the 
affairs of the Society for Savings, of which he 
had been the president for several years. At 
the time of his death he was the oldest citizen of 
Cleveland, having lived here since he was two 
years old, or nearly seventy-four years. He held 
many responsible positions in this city, besides 
having directed many large business interests, 
and he always showed himself capable of dis- 
chai-ging every trust confided to his care. Dur- 
ing the time he practiced law his mind was not 
entirely engrossed by professional interests; on 
the contrary, he was elected to a number of pub- 
lic offices which call for sterling worth and abil- 
ity, and he discharged all his duties with 
unvarying fidelity and marked skill. In 1850 
he was elected by this county to the State Leg- 
islature, and in 18o9-'60 he was a member and 
president of the State Board of Equalization. 
In the fall of 1862 he was elected to the State 
Senate, where he served two terms. He also 
rendered valuable service as a member of the 
City Council and of the Board of Education, 
being especially conspicuous in the latter body 
for his activity in promoting improvements in 
public education. He was a director of the 
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis 
Railroad, and was also its vice president at one 
time, and for many years its attorney. Several 
years prior to his death he became president of 
the Society for Savings, in which position he 
displayed marked ability as a financier, exhibit- 


ing good judgment, strictest integrity, a keen 
sense of honor, and a bigli order of business 

In many respects Mr. Williamson was a very 
extraordinary man, for example in the extent of 
his practical acquirements derived from experi- 
ence, and in his temperament, character, and 
persistent fidelity to duty. For seventy-four of 
the seventy-six years of his life he lived in 
Cleveland, which place he saw grow from a mere 
hamlet of a few hundred souls to a city of great 
and immense proportions and consequence. He 
had seen generations come and go until there 
was rolled up, upon tlie ground that was sur- 
rounded by a wilderness in his childhood, a city 
of over 200,000 inhabitants. He came to the 
bar with no extraoi-dinary or adventitious cir- 
cumstances to give eclat or introduce him prom- 
inently before the public. He possessed none 
of those elements of genius and oratory which 
are sometimes used to attain temporary reputa- 
tion at least, and elevate men to high positions. 
His strength consisted in the fact that from the 
beginning to the end he brought to the dis- 
charge of duty, labor, integrity, industry and 
fidelity to all the great trusts that were imposed 
upon him through a long life. Whether as a 
practicing lawyer, a county oflicer, a legislator, 
or finally, during the last years of his life, as 
president of one of the largest institutions in 
the city, with immense responsibilities to the 
poor and those of small means, he passed 
through life without leaving a suspicion upon 
any man's mind that in the discharge of any of 
the duties which these places imposed he had 
not been faithful and honorable to the utmost. 
His arguments to the court were always happy, 
often strong, and in the terseness of their lan- 
guage and legal logic, beautiful. The real point 
was made clear, its decisive character shown 
and the books and cases that only approach it 
had no part in his argument. His proper place 
was upon the bench; his mind was eminently 
judicial, with a controlling moral bias for the 
right. The kindest of men, he was the tender- 
est and most considerate of friends. He was 

ever earnest, yet not stern or puritanical. Such 
men as he make more secure the free institu- 
tions of this country and gladden the lives of all 
those with whom they are connected, and their 
death creates a void which is not always tilled. 
Such material was used in building up Ameri- 
can independence. His character and worth, 
being such, could not but command the highest 
confidence and esteem of liis fellow men. Uni- 
versal expressions of sorrow and regret at his 
demise wei-e heard on all sides. As a man he 
was always courteous and gentlemanly to those 
with whom he came in contact, and no one knew 
him but to honor and respect him. He was for 
many years president of the First Presbyterian 
Society, and he carried with him into the walks 
of private life the precepts of Christianity, 
which were so strongly interwoven with his 
character. He died full of years, surrounded by 
the love of troops of friends and possessed of 
all the honors that should accompany old age, 
and his good name will long keep a conspicu- 
ous place in the memory of the citizens of 

r^ BACH, pastor of the Independent 
II ^ Evangelical Protestant Church of Schifi- 
^ lein Christi, was born in Germany in 

the Kingdom of Wurtemberg, June 27, 1842. 
His parents were George and Adelaide (Eggel) 
von Scliluembach, both natives of Germany, who 
never came to America. George von Schluem- 
bach was a military man, as was also his father, 
Christopher von Scliluembach, who was a Per- 
sonal Adjutant of King William of Wurtem- 
berg. Our subject's ancestors were made nobles 
in the sixteenth century by the Emperor of Aus- 
tria. The son, George, was an oflicer — a cap- 
tain in the Fourth Cavalry Regiment of Wurt- 
emberg. In his later years he retired from the 
Captaincy but served as Adjutant of Prince 
Frederick of Holienlohe Oehrinsen until old 


age disabled him. He died in 1879, aged 
seventy-eight years. His wife died in 1860, 
aged sixty. Eoth were members of the Lu- 
theran Church, good Christian people, devout, 
orthodox and conservative. Their devout lives 
and Ciiristian example are an endearing herit- 
age to the family, and to a very large circle of 
acquaintances. Of their eight children only 
three daughters and two sons are now living. 
A brother, Alexander, and a sister, Wilhelmina, 
are residents of Cleveland. They, with Fred- 
erick and William, — the latter of whom died with 
yellow fever in New Orleans, — are all of the 
family who came to America. 

Frederick von Schluembach, the youngest of 
the above, was educated for military life in the 
city of Ulm, in Wurtemberg. He entered the 
German army in 1858, as cadet, and served un- 
til 1859, when he left the army and came to 
Philadelphia. He there worked hard in various 
positions; at last as clerk in a homeopathic 
drug-store until the war between the States 
broke out. He enlisted May 5, 1861, in re- 
sponse to President Lincoln's call for 75,000, in 
the Twenty-ninth New York Infantry, called 
the " Astor Regiment" and later the " Stein- 
wehr Eegiment," named for Colonel, later Gen- 
eral, Steinwehr. Mr. von Schluembach was 
commissioned First Lieutenant of Company B, 
and was in the Army of the Potomac, taking 
part in almost all the leading battles in which 
that army was engaged. He was disal)led in 
the second battle of Bull Run, was captured on 
the field and taken to Libby Prison. He was 
one of the 150 officers that were held by Jeffer- 
son Davis until General Butler and President 
Lincoln stopped all exchange of prisoners until 
these officers were released. Butler was instru- 
mental in bringing this about. Lieutenant von 
Schluembach was exchanged soon afterward and 
returned to Philadelphia. He re-enlisted in 
Company H, One Hundred and Eighteenth 
Regiment of Pennsylvania, and served until he 
was wounded in the battle of the Wilderness 
under General Grant. He was brought into 
Alexandria, Virginia, to the hospital, and never 

went into service again, being discharged May 
20, 1865. He remained in Philadelphia until 
1866, and then started a grocery store atWilkes- 
barre, Pennsylvania. During this time he was 
a great Republican politician, a high officer in 
the Union League of Pennsylvania and stumped 
the Eastern States for General Grant. In 1868 
he moved to Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, and 
imdertook the publication of a German Repub- 
lican newspaper. Later he became Government 
mail agent on the Lehigh Valley Road, the 
printing office having burned out without in- 

In the spring of 1872 our subject was called 
to the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and sent to the Pennsylvania Avenue 
Church of Baltimore, Maryland. He remained 
there three years, as long as the rules of his 
church would allow any minister to remain in 
one place, and during this time he organized 
the German Bund of Young Men's Christian 
Association, becoming its General Secretary. In 
1875 he was sent by his church as a missionary 
to Galveston, Texas, and then to Waco, same 
State, in 1878. In 1879 he was appointed Ger- 
man General Secretary of the International 
Committee of the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation of the United States and Canada, with 
headquarters at New York city. In 1880 he 
was called by Mr. Dwight L. Moody to assist 
him as a German evangelist. He then visited 
all the prominent cities of the United States, 
and becoming overworked was sent to Germany 
by his friends of New York. Thei-e he had an 
operation performed for an abscess caused by ex- 
posure in the late war. During his convales- 
cence he was called by Professor Christlieb and 
Court Chaplain Stoecker to become an evan- 
gelist in Germany, and until 1889 he worked 
as an evangelist in both Germany and America. 
While an evangelist in Germany Mr. von 
Schluembach lahored among the highest as well 
as the lowest of the people, being supported by 
the influence of the Countess Waldersee and 
also that of Count Bernstorff, the Chamberlain 
of the late Empress Augusta. In Berlin and 


other cities he organized the Young Men's 
Christian Associations on the American plan, 
with great success. 

lu 1883 Mr. von Schluem bach started a Ger- 
man colony in Texas, where he joined the Evan- 
gelical Synod of the United States, which sent 
him in 1890 to his present church, to rescue the 
building from the hands of the marshal in the 
the United States Court of Cleveland. 

In 1892 the church of Schifflein Christi be- 
came again an independent congregation, and 
called Mr. von Schluembach for its permanent 
pastor. The congregation has since increased 
in membership, and is gradually emerging fi'om 
its trouble. 

Mr. Schluembach is a man of broad and en- 
lightened views on all subjects of general im- 
portance and is well-informed and ripe in the 
experience of the world. In person he is of 
goodlj' size, strongly built and robust, with the 
soldier's movement and bearing. He possesses 
a vigorous intellect, is quick in perceptive fac- 
ulties and of a genial, kind and gentle disposi- 
tion. His cyclopaedic learning, his capacity for 
various literary work, his devotion to books, and 
more than all the sterling elements of large and 
noble manhood which he possesses, are among 
the qualities which even a comparative stranger 
will soon recognize. He is classed among the 
best and most noted citizens of Cleveland. 

It yif M. HOBAKT, one of the prominent 
IW I iiiembers of the Cleveland bar, and 
II 4i senior member of the well known law 
/ firm of Hobart & Bacon, is a native of 

the old Bay State, having been born at Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, on March 26, 1846. His 
parents were Edmund and Esther (Montague) 
Hobart. His father still resides in Amherst, 
and has been a prominent man in his locality 
all his life, having held at different times many 
positions of honor and trust. The Hobart family 
originally came from Hingham, England, the 
first one of the name in America being the 
Rev. Peter Hobart, who came over in 1632, lo- 

cating first in Hingham, Massachusetts, near 
Boston. He had five sons, and all were minis- 
ters of the Congregational Church. 

Esther Montague, Mr. Hobart's mother, was 
the daughter of Moses Montague, of Sunder- 
land, Massachusetts. She died in 1851, leaving 
our subject as an only issue. The Montagues 
are from the well known English family of that 
name. His father married again and two sons 
were born to him by his second wife, one of 
whom is deceased, and the other, Frank Adams, 
resides on the family homestead with his father. 

Mr. Hobart prepared for college at Williston 
Seminary, East Hampton, Massachusetts, and 
in the fall of 1868 entered Amherst College, 
from which he graduated with honor in 1872. 
In the fall of the same year he entered Colum- 
bia Law School in Xew York city, but soon 
afterward failing health moved him to suspend 
his studies for a time and upward of a year was 
spent in traveling in Europe. In the fall of 
1874, however, his law studies were resumed at 
Columbia Law School, and in May of the follow- 
ing year he graduated. Following his gradu- 
ation he was admitted to the bar in New York, 
then in Massachusetts, and later in Ohio. In 
July, 1875, he located in Cleveland, where he 
soon succeeded in gaining a good practice. 
During the years 1877 and 1878 Mr. Hobart 
was acting City Prosecutor of Cleveland, and 
in 1880 was appointed by President Hayes as 
Supervisor of the United States Census for the 
Si.\th District of Ohio. For one term, during 
the years 1881-'82, he served as clerk to Mayor 
Herrick and the Board of Improvements. At 
the municipal election in 1888 he was elected 
from the Fourteenth ward as a member of the 
City Council, which body upon its organization 
chose him as its president. 

Mr. Hobart has continued the practice of law 
since 1875, with the exception of the time he 
served as Mayor's clerk, has met with success, 
and is now recognized as one of the able mem- 
bers of the bar, with a large clientage and a 
firm position. The firm of Hobart «fe Bacon 
was formed in June, 1887. 



Mr. Hobart is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being a thirty-second-degree Mason and 
a member of the Mystic Shrine. He is also a 
member of the Masonic Club. 

Mr. Hobart was married on December 5, 
1882, to Miss Peckham, of Lebanon, Connecti- 
cut, and they have had two children: Marion 
Montague, born November 9, 1885; and Harold 
Peckham, born August 22, 1888. Mrs. Hobart 
is a highly educated and estimable lady. 
Through her mother she is closely related to the 
late Jeremiah Mason, of Boston, the distin- 
guished jurist, and through her father to Erie's 
hero, Commodore Perry. Her father, James 
M. Peckham, was one of the most prominent 
and esteemed citizens of Lebanon, Connecticut. 

[[ J ( ON. WILLIAM J. WHITE, Member of 
lM| Congress from the Twentieth Ohio Dis- 
II 41 trict, is a native of the Dominion of 
'^ Canada, born in 1850. His early youth 

was spent on the farm of Benjamin Crafts in 
Geauga county, Ohio, and for two years he lived 
in the home of M. B. Crafts, a cousin of the 
Hon. C. E. Crafts, present Speaker of the House 
of Representatives of the General Assembly of 

At the age of eighteen years he came from 
lus country home in Geauga county to the city 
of Cleveland. His boyhood had been of peculiar 
privation and hardship, and he had been exposed 
to temptations to which a character of less 
strength and poise must have yielded. Althougii 
deprived of a mother's loving care in his child- 
hood tiie principles of truth and honor had been 
instilled in his nature from his very existence, 
so that he passed into manhood with an utitar- 
aished reputation. His education was obtained 
by attending the public schools in winters and 
two terms in an academy. 

The beginning of his commercial career was 
in Cleveland, where he began a small business 
in the sale of confectionery and popcorn. His 
connection with the chewing-gum trade dates 

from the winter of 1871. Going to the estab- 
lishment of Merriam, Morgan & Company to 
purchase paraffine he was refused a less quantity 
than a case, costing $24. He did not have a 
sufficient sum, and was obliged to defer the ex- 
periments which he purposed making with the 
wax. In the spring of 1876 he bought a rem- 
nant of stock from the assignee of George E. 
Clark, manufacturer of the " Busy-bee" gum, 
in order to get the tin prizes to put in popcorn 
bags. This purchase included the equipment 
used in the manufacture of gum and a small 
amount of paraffine. With this Mr. White at 
once began the experiments he had had so long 
in contemplation, meeting with great difficulty 
in removing the gum from the marble slab; but 
in this, accident, or destiny, favored him; some 
of the paraffine dropped on a greased slab, 
hardened quickly and was easily removed. Soon 
followed Mr. White's first brand of chewing- 
gum, which was called the ■' Mammoth." The 
venture was successful and the demand steadily 
increased in both the wholesale and retail trade. 
The first shipment was made to George Schoff, 
Massillon, Ohio, and consisted of fifty boxes at 
thirty cents a box. Two years later Mr. White 
introduced the " Diamond " brand of chewing- 
gum, which was put iipon the market through 
the confectioners and proved an immense suc- 
cess. Eighty girls were at one time employed 
in the manufacture of this especial brand, and 
the sales were enormous. The increase in the 
business of manufacturing gum necessitated the 
abandonment of the confectionery trade, and the 
candy- wagon of Mr. White was given in charge 
of another person. 

All went well for a season; then there was a 
change in the wheel of fortune, and Mr. White 
was left with a large stock of goods, machinery 
and $500 in cash, but no further demand for 
iiis manufactures. This failure was probably 
due to mismanagement on the part of jobbers. 
Mr. White went out on the road, visited Buffalo 
and Jamestown, where he placed some goods, 
and also made a shipment of a few cases to Chi- 
cago; later he visited Peoria, Burlington, Keo- 


kuk, Qiiincy, Hannibal and St. Louis, taking 
orders for the old-fashioned '> Mammoth,'' 
" "White Mountain," and " Diamond." At the 
end of a three-years struggle he had gained an 
invaluable experience, and had become ac- 

luainted with 


of the wholesale dealers. 

In 1882 " Picture Tablets " and " Cleveland 
Bell," two new brands, were placed upon the 
market, a large order being shipped to Akron, 
Ohio. Mr. White continued a heavy business 
upon a small capital, and in 1882 went out on 
the road as his own salesman, continuing to 
work in this line until 1887, when the trade was 
sufficiently established to permit his retirement. 
The responsibility had so increased that he 
deemed it advisable to take a partner in the 
business, and in June, 1885, C. T. Heisel be- 
came a member of the firm. This arrangement 
did not prove satisfactoi-y, however, and No- 
vember 14, 1885, the partnership was dissolved, 
with the written agreement that Mr. White was 
to continue in the manufacture of gum. He 
had large demands, and was scarcely able to till 
the orders received the last part of the year 

Placing the " Red Robin," the leading brand in 
chicle gum, on the market, he pushed its sale with 
great zeal, advertised it extensively and succeeded 
in creating a heavy demand. Imitations soon fol- 
lowed, so it became necessary to manufacture 
the same goods under a new name not descrip- 
tive; the result was the famous "Yucatan," 
placed on the market December 1, 1886. 
Seventeen stores had it on sale, and it was as- 
certained that a gum flavored with peppermint 
was a good seller. Mr. White continued the 
manufacture, pushed the sale, and has met with 
a success rarely equaled in the commercial 
world. The number of pieces of "Yucatan" 
sold in 1887 were, 4,799,000; in 1888,66,636,- 
700; in 1890, 126,874,000; and in 1893 the 
business had increased to nearly 150,000,000. 
Mr. White has originated every brand manu- 
factured in his establishment, and most all of 
liis machinery has been modeled by himself, 
and on nearly all he holds patents. In March, 

1888, he purchased two acres of land on the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad, 
west of the city, and there built one of the 
largest chewing-gum factories in the world. 
The business has been phenomenal, and 
" White's Yucatan Chewing-gum " is known 
around the world. In his factory are employed 
285 people, the greater proportion being girls. 

He is also interested in a number of different 
enterprises to which he has brought the same 
sagacity and sound judgment which have 
characterized all his movements. His Two 
Minute Stock Farm, the home of many fine 
horses, is situated in Rockport township. His 
employees hold him in the highest esteem, and 
he is known in commercial circles as a man of 
the strictest integrity. He is essentially self- 
made, the success he has attained being the 
result of unflagging industry and untiring effort. 

Mr. White was united in marriage, April 23, 
1873, to Miss Ellen Mansfield, daughter of 
Orange and Maretta (Howard) Mansfield. Mrs. 
White was born in Cleveland, July 12, 1850; 
she is a lady of refined taste and lovely disposi- 
tion, and has been a most valuable assistant and 
an unfailing source of encouragement to her 
husband through all his years of toil. Mr. and 
Mrs. White are the parents of eight children: 
Willie B., Harry W., Gloria Marie, Charlie G., 
deceased. Pearl Maretta, Miles Arthur, Ada 
Maloria and Ralph Royden. Their beautiful 
home "Thornwood " is situated in the midst of 
a lovely grove on the shore of the lake midway 
between the city and Rocky river; it is a typical 
American home, the center of luxury, taste and 
refinement; a lavish hospitality is dispensed, 
and a generous hand is extended to the needy 
and less fortunate in life. 

Politically Mr. White is identified with the 
Republican party. In 1889 was elected Mayor 
of West Cleveland village, declining a renom- 
ination at the expiration of his first term. 
He was elected a member of Congress in the 
fall of 1892; and although his Congressional 
record is in its infancy it is safe to predict for 
him a more tiian ordinarily useful career. A 


man without afi'ectation, clever and generoua to 
a fault, he is held in the highest regard through- 
out the social and commercial world in which 
he has moved. 

ORITZ S. LIEBICH, one of the most 
prominent artists of Cleveland, Ohio, 
^ has been a resident of this city since 
1863. He is a native of Saxony, Ger- 
many, born March 9, 1825, and is a member of 
one of the titled families of the Empire. lie 
w^as reared and educated in his native land. In 
early youth he developed a marked taste for 
artistic drawing, but entered the more practical 
walk of commercial life. In 1862 he emigrated 
to America and since that time has cultivated 
his talent in art. He has devoted many years 
of his life to teaching, some of his pupils hav- 
ing attained not only enviable reputation but 
fame as well. For twelve years he was teacher 
of free-hand drawing in the Jewish Orphan 
Asylum, and during a long period had a private 
school. In 1876 he and his son, A. K. A. 
Lieliich, opened a photographic studio, and four 
years later opened a gallery at the corner of 
Ontario and Huron streets. In 1890 they re- 
moved to their jtresent quarters, 86 Euclid 
avenue. Mr. Liebich superintended the con- 
struction of the studio during the erection of 
the building, and it is Utted out with all the 
most approved appliances of modern photo- 
graphic art. They have a large patronage, de- 
manding the most finished and artistic work. 
In 1885 a branch establishment was opened on 
Broadway, which has since been sold. In the 
Euclid avenue studio several superior artists are 
employed in the execution of high-class work, 
all of which is under the direct supervision of 
the younger Liebich. 

Moritz S. Liebich was married in Germany to 
Aline Gerlach, who is now deceased. There 
were born to them a family of five children, 
three of whom are living: Jennie is the wife of 
Albert Petersiige, a druggist of this city ; A. K. A. 

ith his father; Rosa resides with 
her father. Mr. Liebich is an honorary member 
of the Cleveland Gesang- Verein, which he joined 
thirty years ago. He has been a prominent 
figure in many other German societies in this 
city, and is held in the highest esteem by a wide 
circle of acquaintance. 

Arthur K. A. Liebich was born in Germany, 
September 10, 1854, but was reared in this city. 
In his youth his attention was directed to art, 
and at the age of sixteen years he took up pho- 
tography to which he has since devoted his best 
efforts. Visiting the principal cities of this 
country he has investigated the most approved 
methods and studied under the direction of the 
most advanced photographers. Years of loyalty 
to his art have brought their reward, and Mr. 
Liebich has to-day the gratification of being 
classed with the leaders in his especial line of 

He is a member of Concordia Lodge, No. 315, 
A. F. & A. M.; of Webb Chapter, No. 14, 
R. A. M.; or Hollyrood Commandry, No. 32, 
K. T., and of Lake Erie Consistory. He is Past 
Chancellor of Criterion Lodge, No. 38, K. P., 
and of Argonaut Division, U. E. He is Regi- 
mental Quarter- Master of the Fifth O. N. G., 
receiving his appointment in 1891. He is also 
a member of many of the German societies of 
the city. Mr. Liebich was married in 1881 to 
Miss Alice A. Lacey, of Aurora, Ohio. 

CHARLES B. COUCH, purchasing agent 
for the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
Railroad, was born in Massachusetts, 
Berkshire county, in September, 1838, and be- 
gan railroad work on what is now the Franklin 
branch of the Lake Shore Railroad, thirty-tliree 
years ago. He was rodman of a surveying 
party, and on leaving this position became 
assistant engineer of the road, connected then 
with the Cleveland & Erie. Upon the consolida- 
tion in 1873, Mr. Couch was made division 
superintendent from Cleveland to Buffalo, wliich 



position he filled until 1890, when he took pos- 
session at his present office. This is only a verj 
brief resume of a long and faitliful service for 
one company, and not pretending to be a de- 
tailed account of the vast labors performed or 
the many aims accomplished in his efforts, with 
his official associates, to build up a great trunk 
line of railroad and develop a new country. 

ON. JOSEPH T. LOGUE, Judge of the 
Police Court of the city of Cleveland, 
4i was born in Northfield, Summit county, 
Ohio, July 9, 1849. His father, J. W. 
Logue, D. D., a United Presbyterian minister, 
and the founder of the first church of that de- 
nomination in Cleveland, was born in York, 
Pennsylvania, in 1812. He prepared for the 
ministry in Albany, New York, graduating at 
Union College there. He came to Cleveland in 
1843, and until ten years ago was a most active 
man in church work. Dr. Logue married Mary 
Jane Cooper, born in Baltimore, Maryland, and 
educated in an academy of that city. Their 
oldest child is: Jane C, now Mrs. Rev. W. T. 
Campbell, D. D., of Monmouth, Illinois; Mrs. 
Campbell graduated at Oxford University, Ohio, 
where she was for some years lady principal, 
and she was elected lady principal of Mon- 
mouth College, Illinois, and retired from school 
work only upon lier marriage. The others born 
in this family were: Judge Joseph T.; Nettie 
G. (deceased), wife of J. C. Alexander, now 
Commissioner of Cuyahoga county; and Rev. 
J. R. Logue, pastor of the United Presbyterian 
Church in Washington, Iowa. 

Judge Logue studied in the district schools 
of Northfield, Ohio, and took up languages 
with liis father. At nineteen years of age he 
engaged in the grocery business in Northfield, 
and was so engaged four years. He then de- 
cided to pursue the law, and began a course of 
reading with Emerson vie Wildes, of Akron, 
Ohio, and completed it with Brinsmade & Stoue, 

of Cleveland, being admitted to the bar April 
20, 1876. He then opened an office and was 
engaged in general practice till 1891. 

Judge Logue is a strong party man in poli- 
tics. He is a Republican and has served his 
people as Councilman, being elected first in 
1887 from the Nineteenth ward, and re-elected 
in 1889. He was a member of the Board of 
Improvements and was chairman of the Judi- 
ciary Committee. In the spring of 1891 Judge 
Logue was the party candidate for Police Judge 
and was elected by a majority of 2,200. In 
April, 1893, lie was re-elected by a majority of 
2,835, while the city went Democratic by 1,500 

August 30, 1881, Judge Logue married, in 
Cleveland, Nellie J., a daughter of E. C. Greer, 
a real-estate dealer, who married Jennie M. 

Judge and Mrs. Logue are the parents of two 
children, Roy G. and James Cooper. 

CHARLES P. SALEN, Secretary of the 
Board of Elections and the popular leader 
of the young Democracy of Cuyahoga 
county, was born in Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, December 5, 1860. He came to Cleve- 
land in 1806 with his father, Peter Salen, the 
pioneer West Side photographer. Peter Salen 
was born in northwestern Germany, sought a 
home in the United States when a mere youth, 
settling in Boston, Massachusetts, and later 
moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He 
married Fredericka Wyx, from Reims, France. 
She died in 1874, her children being Louis (de- 
ceased at the age of twenty-two), Matilda J., 
Charlotte and Charles P. 

"Charley" Salen secured his education at 
the graded schools of the West Side, Cleveland, 
and graduated at the high school in 1878, com- 
pleting a four years' course in three years. In 
1874 he entered Concordia College, of Fort 
Wayne, Indiana, and pursued his studies there 
one year. In 1880 he entered the office of the 


old West Side Sentinel, severing his connection 
with it only when he embarked in the 
newspaper business for himself, forming a 
partnership with E. M. Heisley and starting a 
weekly Democratic organ. Upon being elected 
City Clerk in 1883 he disposed of his paper 
and did not again enter newspaper work till the 
expiration of his term of office in 1885, when 
lie started the Graphic and conducted it two 
years, disposing of it on again assuming the 
duties of the office of City Clerk. Upon Mr. 
Salen's iirst election to this office he was the 
youngest city official on record, being then only 
twenty-two years of age. He came into promi- 
nence by being the founder of, and prominently 
connected with, the Young Men's Democratic 
League of Cleveland, an organization made up 
almost entirely of first voters. lie served the 
league both as president and secretary. On the 
exjiiration of his two terms as City Clerk Mr. 
Salen became interested in the building up and 
the improvement of Beyerle's Park, managing 
it two years and making it the most celebrated 
out-door amusement resort between New York 
and Chicago. 

The Cleveland Morning Times was started in 
1889, with Mr. Salen as city editor, who con- 
tinued in that relation six months. In 1890 
he was made Secretary of" the Board of Elec- 
tions, and the next year, when the ballot reform 
law was introduced, he was chiefly instrumental 
in outlining the working of the Australian bal- 
lot system, developing a complete system of 
booths, etc. In the spring of 1893 Mr. Salen 
was advocated strongly by the young Democrats 
of Cleveland as a candidate for Mayor, and after 
a warm fight was defeated by a close vote. To 
him also belongs the credit of discovering Tom 
L. Johnson in politics, whom he brought out in 
1888 and secured his nomination to Congress. 
In 1890 and 1892 he managed Mr. Johnson's 
campaigns, when he was elected, overcoming a 
Eepublican plurality in 1892 of 2,500, making 
a total Democratic gain of 6,000 votes, the 
largest gain shown by any district in the United 

Mr. Salen has attended every county conven- 
tion since reaching his majority. Frequently 
be represents his party at State conventions, 
being chairman of the Cuyahoga county delega- 
tion at the Cincinnati convention in 1893. He 
was a delegate to the National Democratic Con- 
vention of 1892 at Chicago, from the Twentieth 
Ohio District, and was one of the fourteen 
original supporters of Grover Cleveland for a 
third nomination. Mr. Salen is interested in 
several business enterprises of Cleveland, and is 
a safe, conscientious business man. He pos- 
sesses the confidence of the citizens of the Forest 
City irrespective of party, and a bright future 
is predicted for him. 

ORTON W. COPE, a representative 
member of the Cleveland bar, and a son 
of the late Lindley Cope, was born on 
the 25th day of February, 1855, at 
Smithfield, Jefferson county, this State. His 
parents were Lindley and Elizabeth Cope. The 
father was born near Smithfield, in 1824, and 
to farming the greater portion of his life was 
devoted. He was an extensive dealer in, and 
breeder of, sheep and other live stock. He 
died rather early in life, being but forty-two 
years of age at the time of his death. lie was 
a son of Josepli Cope, who was a native of 
Pennsylvania, from which State he came to 
Ohio about 1828. The subject of this sketch 
is a representative of the seventh generation of 
the Cope family in America. The first of this 
family in America came from England about 
1G70, and settled in eastern Pennsylvania. 

Morton W. Cope was first sent to the district 
schools of Jefferson county. In 1868 the death 
of his father occurred, and about that time his 
widowed mother removed with her family to 
East Cleveland, and thereafter he attended the 
schools at Collamer during the years of 1869 
and '70. In the summer of the latter year he 
attended the school at Smithfield, and later the 
high schools of East Cleveland, at which he 


graduated in the first class graduated by what 
was known as the " Cleveland East High 
School," the date of his graduation being 1873. 
He then went upon the farm in Jefferson 
county, where he remained until 1878, with 
the exception of the year 1875 and 1876, in the 
winters of which years he attended school in 
Cleveland, studying Greek and Latin. In the 
year 1878 Mr. Cope began the study of law in 
the office of George B. Solders (now Judge 
Solders), and was admitted to the bar at Co- 
lumbus in May, 1880. Ho then went to Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa, and was admitted to all of the 
courts of that State, but in the fall of the same 
year he returned to Cleveland and entered into 
the practice of law witii T. K. Dissette as a 
partner, with whom he remained two years, and 
since then Mr. Cope has practiced his profession 

He was married April 12, 1882, to Miss 
Allie E. Moulton, daughter of W. J. Moulton, 
of Cleveland. She has borne him one child, a 
daughter. Donna A. by name, age seven years. 

Iff ENRY HOEHN, Cleveland's most ef- 
IrH ficient and popular Superintendent of 
II il Police, was born in the Province of 
^ Rhine, Bavaria, in November, 1840. At 

the tender ago of fourteen he left home and 
friends and set out for America. He stopped a 
few months in New York city before coming 
to Cleveland, and soon after his arrival here we 
find him in the employ of John Kirsch on 
Bridge street, learning the cooper's trade. He 
remained a knight of the hammey and saw till 
the rupture between the States made the rais- 
ing of troops a military necessity. In response 
to the first call, the superintendent enlisted in 
Company K, Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
for three months' service. This command was 
ordered from Cleveland to Camp Dennison, 
Cincinnati, where it completed its term of en- 
listment, and from which place Mr. Hoehn re- 
turned to Cleveland. In August, 1862, he en- 

listed in the Twentieth Ohio Independent Light 
Artillery, Captain Smithnight's company, which 
went at once into the field, arriving at Nash- 
ville immediately after the battle of Stone river. 
It was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, 
and remained a part of it till the close of the 
war. Some of the fiercest engagements of the 
war were participated in by this army, — Chick- 
aniauga, Franklin and Nashville being among 
the number. Mr. Hoehn enlisted as a private, 
and was promoted through successive offices to 
a Lieutenancy, receiving his commission just 
after the battle of Nashville. 

In the winter of 1861 Mr. Hoehn married 
Sophia Ileizman, of German birth, who came 
to America at twelve years of age, and died 
September 7, 1893. The children of this mar- 
riage are Addie, now Mrs. Jacob Kaiser; Albert 
a druggist; and Henry, who lost his life by 
drowning near Akron, Ohio, June 24, 1892, at 
the age of nineteen years. 

Superintendent Hoehn's connection with the 
police force of Cleveland began in 1866, when 
he was appointed a patrolman. It was at once 
recognized that he possessed the proper traits 
for an ideal peace officer, and he rose by j)ro- 
niotion, as he did in the military service, to a 
Lieutenancy, and later to a Captaincy. For 
many years he was stationed on down-town 
beats, where crime was rifer, and where a less 
resolute officer would have been a certain fail- 
ure. As a police officer Superintendent Hoehn 
has rendered invaluable service to his city. He 
has followed up traces of, and run to the wall, 
many noted criminals, in many instances taking 
his life in his hand as it were, and but for his 
extreme and unusual modesty we would mention 
herein noted cases. 

On June 22, 1893, Suj)eriiitendent Hoehn re- 
ceived the following communication: 

"Henry HoEUN, Captain of Police: Dear 
Sir: — You are hereby notified that you have 
this day been appointed Superintendent of 
Police, to take effect July 1, 1893. 
" Respectfuly yours, 

"W. C. PoLLXER, Director.'''' 


This action of Director Pollner placed at the 
head of the police department a man who lias 
devoted the greater part of his life to police 
duty, and one who commands the respect and 
conlidence of every one. His manner is plain 
and unpretending, and the lowliest may ap- 
proach him and receive the same attention as 
those of the highest station. He is wholly 
conversant with his duties and will be content 
only in their performance. 

LEVI JOHNSON was a prominent and 
I esteemed citizen in Cleveland for many 
) years and his life was closely interwoven 

with the early history of the city. He was a 
native of Herkimer county, New York, born 
April 25, 1786. From the days of his child- 
hood he was taught the lessons of industry. 
Losing his parents in early life he was taken 
into the home of an nncle, where he lived until 
he was fourteen years of age, his duty being to 
labor upon the farm and attend to such chores 
as are peculiar to farm life. 

At the age of fourteen he formed a desire to 
be a carpenter and joiner, and at that time en- 
tered the shop of one Ephraim Derrick, with 
whom he remained four years. He then changed 
masters, and for the three years thei-eaf ter worked 
under one Laflet Remington. Then for one 
year he worked at barn-building along with one 
Stephen Remington, and it was during this 
year that occurred an event which shaped his 
future life. Considerable interest had been 
excited by the great tide of emigrants that were 
going westward to Ohio, and about this time a 
brother of Stephen Remington was sent West to 
investigate the land and report upon its fitness 
tor occupancy. Remington came to Ohio and 
visited Newburg, Cuyahoga county, and being 
strongly impressed with the advantages of the 
place reported glowing accounts of the land, and 
many were induced to emigrate westward. 
Stephen Remington quit barn-building, shut up 

his shop, packed his tools and started in the fall 
of 1807 for the West, and in the succeeding 
spring the subject of this sketch followed his 
former associate and friend. He reached Bloom- 
field, New York, and there worked, during the 
summer season, at his trade. A few months 
later he set out with knapsack and on foot for 
Ohio. Reaching Buffalo he found employment 
and there worked during the winter. In Febru- 
ary of 1808 his uncle reached Buffalo on his way 
to Ohio, and young Johnson joined him on the 
journey westward. 

Cleveland was reached on the 10th day of 
March, 1809, the party arriving by way of 
sleighs, but after reaching Cleveland, the snow 
failing, the sleighs were abandoned, and on 
horseback some of the party proceeded to Huron 
county, where they fell in with Judges Wright 
and Ruggles, who were agents for the " fire 
lands." A desire was expressed for a sawmill 
in the vicinity, and Johnson and his uncle con- 
tracted to build one at the town of Jessup, now 
known as AYakeman. Later Levi returned to 
Cleveland, where he was fortunate in finding a 
home in the family of Judge Walworth, who 
engaged him to build an office. Hitherto all 
the houses in Cleveland were l)uilt of logs, but 
the office was made a frame, the first frame build- 
ing erected in Cleveland. At that time Euclid 
was a flourishing settlement and rejoiced in the 
important feature of a sawmill, and from this 
sawmill came the lumber from which said office 
was built on Superior street, about in the same 
locality of the present American House. After 
this young Levi i-eturned to Huron county for 
the purpose of fulfilling a contract made with 
his uncle for the erection of a sawmill, which 
work consumed some three or four months. 
He then returned to Cleveland and settled down 
for the remainder of his life. The next two or 
three years of his life were spent in building 
houses, barns and other buildings in Cleveland 
and in Newburg, and while building a sawmill 
on Tinker's creek for Mr. Jessup he formed the 
acquaintance of Miss Margret Montier, dis- 
tinguished as being the first white girl that 


lauded in Huron county, where she lived with a 
family named Ilawley. Young Johnson fell in 
love with the young, lady and she with him. and 
when he returned to Cleveland she accompanied 
him and was given a home with the family of 
Judge Walworth, the leading citizen of the 
then thriving village of sixty inhabitants. The 
young couple were married in 1811. 

In 1812 Mr. Johnson entered into a contract 
to build a courthouse and a jail on the public 
square opposite where the First Presbyterian 
Church now stands. The material was to be of 
logs, laid with their broader sides together, for 
greater security. About noon on September 
12, 1812, Johnson and his men were just com- 
pleting the finishing touches on the building 
when was heard the roar of distant thunder, 
which proved to be the reports of distant cannon. 
At once he and his workmen hastened to the 
banks of the lake, where they found nearly all 
the inhabitants of the village eagerly looking 
westward whence the sounds came. The sounds 
were from the famous naval battle in which 
Commodore Perry won a victory that immortal- 
ized his name. 

A few days afterward Mr. Johnson and a 
friend by the name of Rumidge picked up a 
large flat-boat that had been built by General 
Jessup for the conveyance of troops, and which 
had been abandoned. Mr. Johnson and his 
friend each purchased 100 bushels of potatoes 
and with this flat-boat took the same to the army 
at Put-in-Bay. The potatoes were sold at a 
handsome profit over the purchase price, and 
thus Johnson gained his first financial start in 
life. Subsequenty Johnson and his associate 
freighted the flat-boat with supplies, which 
were taken to the army at Detroit and sold, and 
again the speculation was successful. Mr. John- 
son contracted with the quartermaster of the 
post to bring a cargo of clothing from Cleveland 
to the army at Detroit, but it being late in the 
season the boat was obstructed by ice and a land- 
ing was made at Huron. This adventure was 
also successful and by this time Johnson became 
a man of means. The success of his adventure 

probably gave him a taste for navigation, for his 
first step was to build a vessel of his own. The 
keel was laid for a ship of thirty-five tons, to be 
named The Pilot, and under many difliculties 
the ship was finally finished, and great difliculty 
in the launching of the boat was overcome by 
hoisting the same on wheels and drawing it to 
the water's edge by twenty-eight yoke of oxen. 
It was launched upon the river at the foot of 
Superior street amid great cheers of a large 
crowd who had assembled to observe the first 
ship launched at Cleveland. This was not only 
the beginning of navigation for Cleveland, but 
was also the beginning of a series of great suc- 
cesses to Mr. Johnson. The little ship was in 
immediate requisition for army purposes and 
cargoes of army stores were transported between 
Buff'alo and Detroit. Upon it two loads of sol- 
diers were taken from Buffalo to the command 
of Major Camp at Detroit, and on his return 
trip the guns left by Harrison at Mauinee were 
taken to Erie. 

Mr. Johnson received rather a severe blow at 
this time, on account of the quartermaster's 
absconding with S300 of his money. In the 
spring of 1815 Mr. Johnson resumed carrying 
stores to Maiden, reaching there on his first trip 
March 20. Irad Kelley, a pioneer of Cleveland, 
was a passenger on this trip. On Mr. Johnson's 
second trip to Detroit he was hailed when pass- 
ing Maiden, but no attention was given, and a 
shot was fired upon the vessel from tlie port, 
the shot passing through the foresail; but it 
was not heeded. Then a second shot was fired, 
which caused Mr. Johnson to bring his vessel 
to shore. Going to shore the mail was de- 
manded of him, but he refused to give up the 
same, saying that he was not so instructed. 
Then a party of men from the fort made for the 
vessel, but Johnson, boarding the same, spread 
sail and being favored with a good breeze drew 
away from his pursuers and proceeded on his 
journey to Detroit, where he placed the mail in 
the postotfice. 

During the early part of the war of 1812 Mr. 
Johnson was chosen Coroner of Cuys 


county, being the first to hold that office in this 
county. He was also the first Deputy Sherift 
of the county. 

His success upon the lake caused him to build 
the schooner Neptune in 1815. It was of 
sixty-five tons' burden, and its first trip was to 
Buffalo, returning with a cargo of merchandise 
for Jonathan Williamson. In 1817 the vessel 
made a trip to Mackinac for tlie American Fur 
Company, and in the fur trade the vessel oper- 
ated till the fall of 1819. In 1824 Mr. John- 
son, in company with others, built the steamer 
Enterprise, which was of about 200 tons' burden. 
This, the first steam vessel built in Cleveland, 
was employed by Mr. Johnson upon the lake 
between Buffalo, Detroit and Cleveland until 
1828, when he sold his interest and left the lakes. 
lu company with Goodman & Wilkeson Mr. 
Johnson built, in 1830, The Commodore, on 
the Chagrin river, and with the construction of 
this vessel closed his shipbuilding career. He 
was now worth probably $30,000, rather a lai-ge 
fortune for those days, which he largely invested 
in real estate. In 1831 he contracted to build 
for the general Government a lighthouse on 
Water street. In 1836 he erected a lighthouse 
in Sandusky, and in 1837 he built 700 feet of 
stone pier on the east side of the mouth of the 
Cuyahoga river. In 1840 he built the Saginaw 
lighthouse, and in 1842-'43 the lighthouse on 
the West Sister island. The year 1847 closed 
his lighthouse building, when he erected the 
Portage river lighthouse. 

He had now become a well known man. He 
had invested his money in real estate, which had 
enhanced greatly in value as the city grew in 
importance, and his total wealth probably 
reached $3,000,000 ! In various enterprises was 
he interested. As early as 1816 he was a di- 
rector in the Commercial Bank of Lake Erie. 
He erected many excellent buildings in the city, 
and in fact was a man of great enterprise and 
contributed much to the development of Cleve- 

Many years were allotted to him, and his life 
was a long and useful one. He died December 

19, 1871, at the age of eighty-six years. His 
good and faithful wife had preceded him in 
death some eight years previously. The follow- 
ing were his children: Harriet, now the widow 
of Alexander Sackett; Perry W., who died at 
the age of fifty-five years, after a successful life 
upon the lakes as a captain: he died leaving a 
widow and two children, namely, George J. and 
Martha; and the youngest child of Levi John- 
son was Philander L., a personal sketch of whom 
is given below. 

Philander L. Johnson was born in Cleve- 
land June 22, 1823. He was reared and edu- 
cated in the city and very early in life became 
associated with his father in business, and dur- 
ing his father's life he was very closely identified 
with the business interests of his father. Like 
his father, Mr. Johnson was endowed with ex- 
cellent business judgment and sagacity and his 
business experience has been remarkably suc- 
cessful. He has made many advantageous 
investments which contributed to the enlarge- 
ment of his father's estate during the latter 
years of the senior Johnson! Since the death 
of his father he has continued a successful busi- 
ness career. At the time of his father's death 
he received in his own name a considerable 
fortune, which he has largely increased by 
judicious investments, and he is now one of the 
wealthiest citizens of Cleveland. For the last 
several years he has given considerable attention 
to navigation. He and others purchased the 
barge Kate Winslow, and later built the H. J. 
Johnson and the George Pressley. In 1892 
was purchased the Minnehaha, and in 1893 the 
Nellie Reddington. Mr. Johnson has large and 
valuable real-estate possessions in Cleveland, 
and much of his time is required in looking 
after these realties. 

In politics he is a stanch Democrat, and has 
taken rather an active part in the interests of 
his party. 

He was married to Sarah M. Clark, a daugh- 
ter of Michael and Sarah Clark. Mrs. Johnson 
was born in Dublin, Ireland, but reared in 
London, England. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have 


a family of four daugliters aud one son, namely: 
Margaret and Mary, twins; Margaret is the wife 
of Larimer Porter, of Cleveland; the third child 
is Harriet K.; the fourth Clara; and the son is 
Levi A., who is a student in Yale College. The 
son is a young man of great promise. He is of 
a bright intellect and entered Yale College after 
having taken a thorough course at Andover. 
One other son, whose name was Clark, died at 
the age of eleven years, in 1891. 

Mr. Johnson is a member of the A. F. & 
A. M. order,— of Webb Chapter, No. 14, of the 
Cominandery, of the Ohio Consistory, of the 
Mystic Shrine and the order of Knights of 
Pythias, and he is a member of the Vessel 
Owners' Association and of the Cleveland 
Chamber of Commerce. 

|r^ Director of Public Works and ex-Mayor 
JJ 41 of the city of Cleveland, is a character 
"v well and favorably known to the citizens 

of the Poorest City, whom he has served fre- 
quently and creditably. He was born in Cleve- 
land, February 5, 1846, the place of his birth 
being on Bank street. 

His fatiier, Patrick Farley, became a citizen 
af Cleveland as early as 1833, which year he 
came from Ireland, his native land, to this 
country. Patrick Farley became a well-known 
and conspicuous figure in business circles in 
this city. He had the contract for the distri- 
bution of mail and expressage coming to or 
passing through the city. This was before the 
introduction of the modern mail and express 
car, and the volume of business done was enor- 
mous. He gave attention to little else than to the 
business, and as a result the same grew in pro- 
portion, and in consequence became an import- 
ant source of revenue to him. As a business 
man, Patrick Farley was competent and suc- 
cessful. He accumulated a good estate and es- 
tablished for himself an enviable reputation. 
He was made a Mason in Ireland, and was a 

charter member of the first Knight Templars' 
organization in Cleveland, and was an enthusi- 
astic member, contributing materially to its 
growth and prosperity. He married Ann 
Schwartz, who was born in Rhine, Bavaria, 
Germany, and came to the United States with 
her father, John Schwartz, who, though a builder 
by trade, became a farmer in this country, set- 
tling in Lorain county in 1832 and becoming a 
respectable citizen and a successful tiller of the 
soil. Patrick and Ann Farley had a number of 
children, of whom the following survive: Mrs. 
James Collins, John H. Farley, Mrs. August 
Nolze, and Mary, who is unmarried. 

The education of Mr. John H. Farley was re- 
ceived in the public schools of Cleveland. He 
left school before he attained his majority to 
assume charge of and close up a wholesale gro- 
cery and liquor business belonging to the estate 
of his deceased brother, Andrew. This business 
matter required a year of his time, and after 
having wound up the same, he became a manu- 
facturer of brass goods, associated with Mr. 
Farnan, and in this business he remained en- 
gaged until 1883, since which date he has ren- 
dered service as a public official in important 
capacities. Rather early in life a fascination 
for that excitement incident to a political cam- 
paign seemed to posoess Mr. Farley, and being 
naturally endowed with those qualities which 
control men's actions on political questions, he 
became a valuable adjunct both in the councils 
of his party and in the management of cam- 
paigns. His first political preferment came to 
him in 1871, when he was elected a member of 
the City Council, to whicli body he was twice 
re-elected and in which he served one term as 
president. He was an efficient and competent 
member of the Council and his services ren- 
dered in that capacity established for himself a 
most enviable record as a public official. In fact, 
Mr. Farley has always been active in the inter- 
ests and welfare of the city of Cleveland. Prior 
to 1883 he was twice a candidate for Mayor of 
the city, and though he was a very popular can- 
didate and at each time made a creditable race, 




it was not possible to overcome the strength of 
the Eepublican party, which was largely in tlie 
majority as to voters. In 1883 Mr. Farley 
made a third race for Mayor, as the Democratic 
candidate, and this time was successful, and 
being elected to the highest position in the gift 
of the people of Cleveland he became Mayor of 
the city in the spring of 1883, and held the 
otiice for a period of one term. As the chief 
executive of the city, his record was clean, hon- 
orable and conducive to the best interests of 
the city. No other executive of the city was 
ever more watchful of her interests or gave her 
a more economic and efficient administration 
than did Mayor Farley. 

After going out of the Mayor's office Mr. 
Farley was appointed by President Cleveland 
as Collector of Internal revenue for the Eight- 
eenth District of Ohio, and as such he served 
four years, closing his services with the close of 
the Cleveland administration. In the spring of 
1893 he was appointed by Mayor Blee as Di- 
rector of Public Works in the city of Cleve- 
ladd. The position is one of great importance, 
its management concerning the interests of 
every property owner of the city, but already 
has Mr. Farley manifested in his management 
of the public works marked ability and un- 
doubted competency. 

In a political way Mr. Farley has a State 
reputation as a campaigner and manager, as 
well as an organizer of political forces. He has 
for the last several years been a member of the 
Democratic State executive committee, and in 
the presidential campaign of 1892 he was 
chairman of that committee, and as such, it is 
said of him, though he conducted the campaign 
undermost unfavorable circumstances, by reason 
of having a very small campaign fund, he nev- 
erthe less succeeded in organizing thoroughly 
well his party throughout tlie State and one of 
the most heated campaigns in its history was 
made, resulting in the election of one Demo- 
cratic presidential elector, which is pointed out 
as evidence of the almost successful eflForts of 
the Democratic party to carry the State of Oliio. 

Mr. Farley was a delegate to the Democratic 
national conventions of 1880, 1884 and 1892, 
where he was always an ardent supporter of the 
principles of tariff reform and sound currency. 

In personal bearing Mr. Farley is a most 
pleasant man, being plain, easy and unpreten- 
tious. He is distinguished for his frankness 
and for being outspoken, and is well defined in 
his position regarding public matters. 

In closing this biographical sketch it is ap- 
propriate that mention be made of Mr, Farley's 
marriage, which was consummated in Cleveland, 
in 1884, when he wedded Margaret, a daughter 
of Captain William Kenny, who it will be re- 
membered was the first to organize and take 
from the city of Cleveland a company of vol- 
unteers to the front upon the breaking out of 
the Civil war. 

was one of the most accomplished and 
cultured men who ever graced com- 
mercial circles in the city of Cleveland. 
Possessed of sound judgment and rare acumen 
he was always found among the leaders of any 
movement with which he was associated. It is 
with much pleasure that the following space is 
devoted to a brief outline of his career. 

Mr. Wade was born at Seneca Falls, New 
York, August 26, 1835, the only son of Jeptha 
H. and Rebecca Louisa (Faur) Wade. During 
his early childhood his parents removed to 
Adrian, Michigan. When he was a lad of 
eleven years he entered the telegraphic service 
as errand boy, and there made the most of his 
opportunities; before he was seventeen years of 
age he had learned to read the instrument by 
sound, an accomplishment at that time unheard 
of in the West; he had also tilled the position 
of chief operator in Cleveland, Columbus and 

Realizing the advantages to be derived from 
thorough mental training and discipline, lie 
withdrew from the business world and devoted 


four years to study; at the age of twenty-one 
years he was graduated with highest honors 
from the Kentucky Military Institute, near 
Frankfort, and also enjoyed the distinction of 
being the most expert swordsman of the entire 
body of students. 

Mr. Wade was married in 1856 to Anna E. 
McGaw in Columbus, Ohio. The next three 
years were spent as an official in one of the 
largest banks in Cleveland. For the purpose 
of gaining wider information and broader cul- 
ture, but with no intention of practicing the 
profession, he gave considerable time to the 
study of the law under the direction of Judge 
Ilayden, and received a certificate upon exami. 
nation allowing him to practice in both the State 
and United States courts. 

At the breaking out of the civil war he was 
offered the position of chief clerk of the United 
States Military Telegraph department with head- 
quarters at Washington; he accepted the place 
and was one of the four men who knew the 
secret cipher used in transmitting messages to 
the front. He was soon afterward commis- 
sioned quartermaster with the rank of captain, 
which office placed him second in command in 
the Military Telegraph department with head- 
quarters at Cleveland; he was also assigned the 
duty of purchasing and supplying all the mili- 
tary districts with telegraphic materials. The 
red tape and technicalities constantly required 
in this branch of the Government service be- 
came so irksome that he resigned at the end of 
two years. 

The largest retail jewelry ])usine8s in the city 
of Cleveland was established and conducted by 
Mr. Wade; but after several years he disposed 
of his interests in this line, and devoted his 
time to the management of the family estate, 
which then demanded the entire attention of 
himself and father. Public-spirited and pro- 
gressive to a marked degree, he gave a liberal 
support to many commercial enterprises, and 
was prominently connected with the following 
corporations: As secretary of the Cleveland & 
Cincinnati Telegraph Company; as secretary, 

treasurer and director of the Cuyahoga Mining 
Company; as secretary, treasurer and director 
of the Chicago & Atchison Bridge Company; 
as president and director of the Nonesuch Min- 
ing Company; as director of the Kalamazoo, 
Allegan & Grand Eapids Railway Company; as 
director of the Citizens' Savings & Loan As- 
sociation; and as president and director of the 
American Siieet & Boiler Plate Company. He 
was an accurate accountant and a skillful 
draughtsman, an excellent linguist, speaking 
German and French fluently, and a talented 
musician. He was liberal in his religious 
views, generally attending the Church of the 
Unity, of which he was Treasurer. In the 
midst of life's most useful and honorable ac- 
tivities he was approached by the pale visitant, 
and June 24, 187G, yielded to man's inevitable 

SMITH NEVILLE, secretary and treasurer 
of the Pearl Street Savings 6z Loan Com- 
- — - pany, is one of the West Side's wide- 
awake, thorough-going and reliable business 

Mr. Neville was born in Cleveland, Ohio, 
June 14, 1859, son of Smith and Charlotte 
(Boyd) Neville, the former a native of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and the latter of Wheeling, West 
Virginia. The senior Smith Neville was a 
shipbuilder by trade, which business he followed 
all through life. Some time in the 'fiOs he left 
Cleveland and went to Sheboygan, Wisconsin, 
where he died in 1872. His widow is now a 
resident of Cleveland. The subject of this 
sketch is the oldest of their five children, the 
others being as follows: David, John, Lottie and 
William. William died in 188(3, aged twenty 
years. The others are all in Cleveland. Miss 
Lottie is one of the popular and successful 
teachers of the city. 

Smith Neville was educated at Sheboygan 
and Cleveland. After leaving school he entered 
the employ of the National City Bank of Cleve- 
land, with which he remained for twelve years. 


serving in tlie capacity of collector, Loolv-keeper 
and teller. Upon severing his connection with 
that bank, he entered upon the duties of his 
present position. That was in 1890. 

The Pearl Street Savings & Loan Company 
has a capital stock of $100,000. It is officered 
as follows: David E. McLean, president; W. H. 
Humiston and George Faulhaher, vice-presid- 
ents; Smith Neville, secretary and treasurer. 
This bank does a commercial and savings bank 
business, issues New York and foreign ex- 
change, and makes collections a specialty. 

Mr. Neville was married in 188G, to Miss Ada 
Bentley, daughter of Chester Bentley, a pioneer 
of Cleveland. Mr. Bentley came from Con- 
necticut to Cuyahoga county in 1832. Mr. and 
Mrs. Neville have three children: Josephine, 
Ruth and Mildred. Mrs. Neville is a member 
of the Congregational Church. 

Politically, Mr. Neville votes with the Re- 
publican party, but he has never sought any 
political office. He is a raeinber of Ellsworth 
Lodge, F. & A. M. 

JM. McKINSTRY, Grand Secretary of the 
Royal Arcanum for the State of Ohio, was 
born in Torrington, Connecticut, November, 
17, 1844. Anything approaching a full history 
of his antecedents, would, if accessible, consume 
an ordinary volume in itself, for his ancestors 
both paternal and maternal ante-date the Amer- 
ican Revolution, the latter especially being 
honored with having a representative aboard 
the historic Mayflower on her arrival at Plym- 
outh Rock in 1620. His ancestors on both 
sides achieved distinction in the Revolutionary 
war, one of them being a member of General 
Washington's special body-guard. The pioneer 
forefather of the McKinstrys graduated at Edin- 
burg in 1712, and came to this country in 1718, 
the first of the name to land on American shores, 
and settled in Massachusetts. A fondness and 
adaptation for religious work seems to have pre- 

vailed among the older members of the family, 
as they were ministers of the gospel. J. M. 
McKinstry's great-grandfather was one of these. 
He left the old Bay State, and was the first 
minister to locate in Ellington, Connecticut, 
more than a century ago. One of his sons, our 
subject's paternal grandfather, Perseus McKin- 
stry, was a resident of Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
and was married to Grace Williams: he died in 
1829. Their fifth child was Rev. John A. Mc- 
Kinstry, father of the subject of this sketch. 
An inclination toward literary work seems to 
have pervaded the family, two brothers being 
owners and publishers of successful newspapers, 
viz., the Fredonia Censor of Chautauqua county. 
New York, and the Faribault Republican, of 

Rev. John A. McKinstry was born in Massa- 
chusetts, in 1811. His education was received 
in the same State, he being a graduate of Am- 
herst College. He was engaged in pastoral 
work in Connecticut until 1864, when he came 
to Ohio and located in Richfield, Summit 
county, and in this State completed a long 
career, and from the standpoint of successful 
work a profitable one. His popularity was 
attested by the fact that without a dissension he 
occupied the pastorate of the same parish for 
twenty-three years, voluntarily relinquishing it 
on account of increasing years. He died at 
Painesville, in 1889. He married Miss Mary 
E. Morton, a daughter of John B. Morton, of 
Hatfield, Massachusetts, which family was 
closely intermarried with those named White, 
the two family lines being among the foremost 
in New England. John Morton McKinstry 
has one brother, William A., who is secretary 
of the Cleveland Commercial Travelers' Associa- 
tion, and one sister, Harriett E., who is a pro- 
fessor in the Lake Erie Female Seminary at 

He received his education at Willistou Semin- 
ary in East Hampton, Massachusetts, and at 
Yale College. He went to California after leav- 
ing school, and for some years was engaged in 
teaching in the cities of that State. He returned 



to Cleveland, and in 1869 engaged in the 
wooden-ware business, being one of the founders 
of the Forest City Wooden-ware Company. 

For many years and until 1891, Mr. McKin- 
stry was a " Knight of the Grip," covering in 
the wooden-ware trade the entire country, and 
visiting nearly every city of any consequence in 
every State. He is as a result most widely 
known as a commercial man, and greatly ad- 
mired by his legion of friends, both in and out 
of the fraternities. He became interested in 
fraternal benefit work in 1885, when he was made 
orator of To Kalon Council, Eoyal Arcanum, 
of Cleveland, but a few months after joining the 
order. Later he was made Vice Regent, and 
for two terms filled the office of Eegent. His 
next work was in connection with the Grand 
Council of the State, passing from Grand Orator 
to Grand Eegent, reaching the latter office in 
1891. In 1892 he was elected Grand Secretary, 
and the following year was re-elected, unani- 
mously. The same year he was elected a repre- 
sentative to the Supreme Council of the Eoyal 
Arcanum by a unanimous vote. He is first 
Vice-president of the Commercial Travelers' 
Home Association. For two terms he was the 
National President of the Travelers' Protective 
Association, and is Past Councilor of the United 
Commercial Travelers' Association. He is Past 
Commander of the Knights of the Maccabees, 
and was Grand Trustee of the same order. He 
is President of Cuyahoga Council of the Na- 
tional Union, and a member of the National 
Union Cabinet, and is presiding officer of three 
other orders. 

Mr. McKinstry has also achieved some promi- 
nence as a political organizer, and was elected 
by a large majority to a seat in the City Coun- 
cil in the face of adverse political majoritj', No- 
vember 4, 1870. 

He married Laura M. Newton, a daughter of 
Lucius Newton, of Eichfield, Summit county, 
Ohio. Mr. Newton is also of New England ex- 
traction, having been born in Goshen, Connecti- 
cut, and becoming one of the early settlers of 
Summit county. His wife was Caroline Brock- 

way. Mr. Newton is living, at about seventy- 
eight years of age, and his wife is about seventy. 
They have no children. 

Mr. McKinstry is by nature adapted to the 
offices he performs. Ever genial and courteous, 
he makes friends wherever he goes. He is a 
hard worker and puts in his " licks " when and 
where they will produce the greatest good for 
the order. He is an entertaining talker and an 
interesting speaker. His speeches reveal an 
unusual fund of wit, and make him an excep- 
tional entertainer at public gatherings. 

D,E. E. E. BEEMAN, president of the 
J Beeman Chemical Company of Cleve- 
— - land, Ohio, was born in LaGrange, 
Lorain county, Ohio, in 1840. His father is 
Dr. J. Beeman, now one of the oldest resident 
physicians of the city of Cleveland. Dr. E. E. 
Beeman spent his boyhood days in Lorain and 
Erie counties. At the age of eighteen years he 
made Newburg, this county, his home. He 
received a public-school education, and then 
attended for two years Oberlin College. At 
the age of eighteen years he began to read 
medicine, under the direction of his father, and 
in 1861 graduated at the Cincinnati Medical 
College. In 1862 he enlisted in the army serv- 
ice for three months. He became one of the 
Cleveland Grays under Captain Frazee, Company 
D, Eighty-fourth Eegiment Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry. Serving out the term of enlistment 
he returned home, and in 1862 married Mary 

During the years 1863 and 1864 Dr. Beeman 
was engaged in the drug business on Ontario 
street, being associated with his father. There- 
after he practiced medicine for twelve years at 
Birmingham, Ohio, then for six years at Wake- 
man, this State. 

He then returned to Cleveland, where he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of pepsin. For six 
years and a half he was engaged in manufactur- 
ing pure pepsin, and was the first to intro- 


duce pure pepsin into use by the medical pro- 
fession. In 1888 he formed a partnership with 
A. L. Johnson and William Cain for the pur- 
pose of manufacturing pepsin on a more exten- 
sive scale than he had hitherto been able to do. 
The Beeman Chemical Company was organized, 
witii Dr. Beeman as one of the stockholders 
and the manager, and at that time, as now, a 
lady. Miss Nellie M. Horton, was employed as 
bookkeeper. It was she who suggested to him, 
in January, 1890, the idea of a pepsin chewing 
gum, which idea the Doctor took with favor. 
He began at once experiments, which resulted 
a month later in bringing forth what is now 
widely known as " Beeman's Pepsin Gum." 
At first this gum was sold in boxes at the price 
of 15 cents each. Its commercial success was 
phenomenal and far beyond the expectations of 
the producers. When the success of the new 
venture was assured the company was reorgan- 
ized and Dr. Beeman sold a block of stock to 
Miss Horton for her bright idea, and the com- 
pany, realizing that the manner of putting up 
the gum at the expense to the consumer of 15 
cents per box was not just the thing, decided 
to reduce the size of the package and hence the 
price. It was then that the present form of 
package at a price of 5 cents each was inaugu- 
rated. In 1891 Johnson and Cain sold their 
interests to George II. Worthington, James 
Nicholl and James M. Worthington. The 
business of the concern rapidly increased in 
value, and December 27, 1891, tlie company 
was incorporated as a stock company, with a 
capital stock of $225,000, the stock being owned 
and controlled by Dr. Beeman, the two Messrs. 
Worthington, Mr. Mitchell and Miss Horton. 
Dr. Beeman became president, James Nicholl 
vice-president, George H. Worthington secre- 
tary and J. M. Worthington treasurer, while 
Miss Nellie M. Horton became assistant secre- 
tary. The success of this business firm has 
been phenomenal. In the year 1892 a business 
of a half million dollars was done, and the first 
half of the year 1893 shows an increasing busi- 

In the manufacture of the Beeman Pepsin 
Gum are employed upward of 120 girls. They 
are now shipping on an average one and a half 
tons per day. The magnitude of the business 
is simply wonderful, and it appears strikingly 
so when it is understood that per month there 
are consumed 200 barrels of granulated sugar 
and other materials in proportion, while the 
labels are purchased in 15,000,000 lots. Tlie 
foil used in wrapping is purchased in Germany 
in lots of five tons each. In Germany is also 
bought, in lots of two and a half tons each, the 
oil of wintergreen, with which the gum is 

Dr. Beeman, the subject of this sketch, is 
one of the best known manufacturers of chew- 
ing gum in the United States, and this product 
is widely known throughout a broad domain. 
He is a prominent citizen, esteemed and re- 
spected. Has served as a member of the Cleve- 
land City Council for four terms, first being 
elected as a Democrat, while his last two elec- 
tions were at the hands of the Kepublican 

He is a Koyal Arch Mason, and a pleasant, 
genial gentleman of fine physique, manly and 
attractive appearance. His family consists of 
two sons, — Harry and Lester. The older is 
located in Orlando, Orange county, Florida. 

Miss Nellie M. Horton, assistant secretary 
and manager of the Beeman Chemical Com- 
pany, was born in New York State, a daughter 
of C. T. and Margaret Horton. The home of 
her girlhood was Campbell, that State, where 
she received a fair education in the public 
schools. At the age of eighteen years she came 
to Cleveland and for a short time thereafter was 
employed by her uncle, L. B. Silver, for whom 
she kept books. She was then for four years 
cashier and bookkeeper for VanEpps & Com- 
pany of this city. She then became bookkeeper 
for the Beeman Chemical Company, and it was 
she who suggested the idea to Dr. Beeman of 
making a pepsin gum. It is just to say that 
she took an active part in compounding the 
first sample of the gum produced as well as in 


originating the idea, and she has rendered val- 
uable assistance in making the product a suc- 
cess. As a reward to her for the suggestion of 
this idea she was sold a block of stock in the 
company, and now is a part owner of this 
stupendous and successful business concern. 
Her shares render her an independent woman. 
Miss Horton is a bright, comely little woman 
with black curly hair, and is accorded promi- 
nent and well deserved mention in Mrs. Ing- 
ham's book. The Women of Cleveland, which 
has already been accepted as a very valuable 
contribution to literature relating to the achieve- 
ments of the many noble women Cleveland has 

ELIJAH D. PEEBLES, editor and mana- 
ger of the Berea Advertiser, was born 
1 April 16, 1835, in Middleburg township, 

where he was reared. His parents, the late 
Charles and Lucretia M. Nelson Peebles, were 
natives bf Amherst, Massachusetts. They first 
settled, after marriage, in Berea, New York, 
where they remained one year, and in 1832 came 
to Cuyahoga county, Ohio, settling in Middle- 
burg township, three miles east of Berea. His 
father was a farmer by occupation. He died iu 
Middleburg, May 6, 1875, at the age of seventy- 
seven. His mother died in Berea, November 
21, 1891, at ninety. They had four children, — 
two sons and two daughters. 

Elijah D. was the second son. When twenty 
years old he attended the Baldwin University 
for some three years and then engaged in teach- 
ing till the war broke out, when he enlisted, in 
1861, in the three months' service, in the Hi- 
bernian Guards of Cleveland. Returning to 
Berea, he again engaged in teaching, chiefly in 
Ohio, but also in Michigan, Wisconsin and Min- 
nesota, until March 31, 1864, when he again 
enlisted, this time in Company A, Brackett's 
Battalion, Minnesota Cavalry, and served till 
May 16, 1866, when he was mustered out of the 
service and returned to Berea, where he engaged 
in farming for that summer. 

August 23, 1866, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Nettie Casterline of Cortland, Ohio. 
She was a daughter of Ludlow Casterline, and 
was born in Cortland, February 5, 1842. Mr. 
and Mrs. Peebles have three children: Lucretia 
M., Charles C. and John C. I. 

Mr. Peebles accepted the position of principal 
in the Berea Union School in January, 1867, 
and was thus occupied about a year and a half. 
He was also principal of the Seville public 
schools for one year. During the summers of 
1870 and 1871 he was employed as time-keeper 
at one of the large quarries in Berea. He after- 
ward accepted a position as principal of the 
Port Crescent public schools, at Port Crescent, 
Michigan, where he remained for five years, 
when he resigned and returned to Berea in the 
fall of 1876, and in the spring of 1877 he be- 
came connected with the Berea Advertiser as 
editor and manager, which position he has since 

Mr. Peebles has been connected with the Con- 
gregational Church since 1809. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, the Odd Fellows 
and the G. A. R. 

P)ROF. EBEN FISH, formerly a teacher 
and now a prominent orchardist and farm- 
er of Brooklyn township, was born in the 
house where he now resides, December 
24, 1836. His father, Daniel Fish, a native of 
New London, Connecticut, came to Cuyahoga 
county in 1817, with an ox cart, locating upon 
the farm mentioned. Building a log house, he 
occupied it and proceeded to clear and improve 
the land, on which he continued to make his 
home until his death, which occurred October 
15, 1880, in his eighty-ninth year. Politically 
he was a Whig and Republican, and in religion 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He aided in the building of the first churches in 
the township. He was a model man, well known 
as a leading citizen throughout the county. 
Ebenezer Fish, the father of Daniel, was a na- 


live of Connecticut, of English ancestry. He 
was a descendant of one of three brothers who 
emigrated to this country from Enghand in Co- 
lonial times. He engaged in the Revolutionary 
war, and finally died here in Brooklyn township, 
this county. The brothers of Daniel Fish en- 
tered from the Government much of the land 
where Brooklyn village now stands. Daniel 
married Matilda Chester, a native of Groton, 
Connecticut, whose father was also a native of 
that State and of English ancestry. Mr. and 
Mrs. Daniel Fish had two daughters and seven 
sons, as follows: Alford, of Wisconsin; Lydia, 
the wife of Stephen Hook, now deceased; Cal- 
vin, who died at the age of fourteen years; Julia, 
who died aged forty-nine years; Charles, who 
was killed on the railroad; Hubbard, who gradu- 
ated at the Ohio Wesleyan University at Dela- 
ware, and is deceased; Elisha, who died while 
attending the same institution; Leonard, of 
Brooklyn township; and Eben, whose name heads 
this sketch. 

Professor Fish, the youngest of the family, 
attended the Brooklyn Academy, Baldwin ITni- 
versity and the Cleveland Institute, at which last 
institution he graduated in July, 1863. During 
the following three years he was principal of 
the Geauga (Ohio) Seminary, after which he 
was engaged in business in Cleveland about five 
years. In 1875 he located on the old homestead. 
He taught mathematics and the natural sciences 
for five years at Cleveland College on Pearl 
street, and since that time he has devoted his 
attention to the raising of fruit and to general 
farming, on the old homestead mentioned. In 
his political principles he is a decided and out- 
spoken Prohibitionist, believing in having some 
issue before the public wortli fighting for, or at 
least devoting the attention for the time being 
to the most important issue, and when that is 
settled take the next in importance, and so on. 

December 14, 1865, he married Mary A. Scott 
Fish, a native of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, who 
resided successively in Kentucky, Indiana and 
Illinois. She graduated at the Southern Illinois 
Female College, in Salem, Illinois, and taught 

in the same institution a year; taught a year at 
Olney, same State, where she married Mr. Fish. 
From that point they came to Ohio, and both 
engaged in teaching at the Geauga Seminary 
three years. She was principal of the public 
school one year, when, on account of failing 
health, she was obliged to abandon the position. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fish's children are: Mabel I., the 
wife of Professor L. H. Ingham, filling the chair 
of Greek and natural science at Kenyon College; 
Florence A., the wife of Professor P. J. Mohr, 
principal of the high school at San Bernardino, 
California; M. Grace, a student at Baldwin Uni- 
versity; and Jessie H., attending the grammar 
school at Brooklyn village. 

HARLES H. CARPtAN, Deputy County 
Auditor, was born in Warrensville, Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, March 7, 1860. He 
is a son of Robert Carran, a farmer, who came 
into Ohio early in the '30s from the Isle of 
Man. By trade he was a shoemaker, but dis- 
carded the bench several years ago. He first 
married, when twenty-two, Miss Kneale, and 
they had seven children: J. J., deceased; T. J.; 
William, who died in the army; R. A.; and 
L. C. T. J. was at one time State Senator from 
Cuyahoga county, but is now a resident of Los 
Angeles, California. Our subject's mother was 
Ann Quayle, a Manx lady. Her children were: 
Francis, deceased; Charles H. ; N. R. ; and 
Martha, wife of Robert Carr. 

Charles H. Carran, after jjassing through the 
grammar-school department of the Cleveland 
schools, entered the employ of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railroad Company as a 

clerk, remaii 




being bill clerk for 

Agent Andrews of that company. In 1882 he 
left the railroad service and traveled for his 
brother, who was in the oil business. Later on 
he became his bookkeeper and remained with 
him till 1887, when he was appointed Deputy 
City Auditor, under Auditor Athey. In 1891 
he was elected Auditor of the Board of Educa- 


tion, but was one year later legislated out of 
ofHce. lie then engaged in the oil business, 
and closed it onlj' to accept his present office. 

Mr. Carran married, in Cleveland, September 
27, 1892, Miss Harriet, a daughter of Louis 
Ritter, a pioneer to Cleveland from Germany. 
Mrs. Carran graduated at the Cleveland high 
school in 1885, being also valedictorian. She 
was engaged three years as teacher, tlie second 
year being special teacher of German. Mr. 
Carran is a Royal Arch Mason, an Odd Fellow 
and a Knight of Pythias. 

D. II. MALONEY, commercial agent for 
1 the Chicago, Rock Island Pacific Rail- 
road Company for Cleveland and northern 

Ohio, was born in Niagara Falls, New York, 
February 2, 1861, and obtained a meager edu- 
cation from the village schools. At the age of 
fourteen years he commenced his railroad ex- 
perience by entering the service of the passenger 
department of the Erie Railway as office boy; 
and 80 trustworthy and efficient was he that 
within three months he was permitted to sell 
tickets at the station. He continued to serve 
that company at tiie Falls for four years, and on 
leaving was transferred to the terminus of the 
Great Western Railway (now the Grand Trunk) 
at Clifton, Ontario, as passenger agent. Re- 
maining at that point until the fall of 1881, he 
came to Cleveland, and on November 1 that 
year engaged with tiie New York, Chicago & 
St. Louis ("Nickel Plate") line as contracting 
freight agent, serving until about September 
15, 1889, when he became the commercial 
agent of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific 
Railway Company for northern Ohio, and 
opened an office in Cleveland, in which office he 
has built up a creditable and profitable business 
in freights to points west of ('hicago reached by 
his line. Prior to his taking this office here 
this patronage had been distributed among 
competing lines. Mr. Maloney has an extraor- 
dinarily high degree of vitality and vivacity, 

and is a hustler, making " life a burden " to his 
competitors, while he himself is as jolly a man 
as can be found. 

Mr. Maloney is a son of John Maloney, a 
livery and hotel man at Niagara Falls. He 
was a native of county Clare, Ireland, married 
Catharine Green and brought up a family of 
five children, namely: D. H., our subject; Dr. 
F. W., of Rochester, New York; J. B., travel- 
ing agent for tiie Grand Trunk Railroad Com- 
pany and Canadian Pacific jointly; Mrs. James 
Bampfield and Mrs. John Ellis, of Niagara 
Falls, Ontario. 

Mr. D. H. Maloney was married July 29, 
1885, in Buffalo, New York, to Miss Mary 
Delaney, a teacher in the Buffalo public schools, 
and their children are Louise and Martha. 

THOMAS W. MINSHULL, superintend- 
ent of the registry department of the 
Cleveland post office, was born at Bir- 
mingham, England, July 18, 1844. His 
father, George MinshuU, a mechanic, died in 
his native country, in 1863, at fifty-five years of 
age. He married Miss Sarah Jordan, and 
Thomas W. was the third of their five children. 
Mr. Minshull came to the United States in 
1874 and secured employment with a firm of 
carriage workers at Orville, Wayne county. 
Three years later he went to Cuyahoga Falls 
and accepted a position with L. W. Loomis. 
In 1881 he came to Newburg as bookkeeper for 
Carlisle & Tyler, and, after serving for five 
years in tlie same capacity with the Fuller & 
Warren Company of Cleveland, he was made 
assistant superintendent of registry, soon suc- 
ceeding to the superintendency. Mr. Minshull 
is interested as a stockiiolder in the C. B. Mc- 
Elroy Manufacturing Comp;uiy, manufacturers 
of jewelry. 

November 2, 1883, Mr. Minshull married 
Miss Lizzie Hebebrand, born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, of German ancestry, and they have one 
child, Harry. 



Mr. Mineliull is Colonel of the Second Regi- 
ment of Knights of Pythias, the largest regi- 
ment in the United States. He was four years 
Inspector General of the State, and was nomi- 
nated for Brigadier Genera! at their last meet- 
ing, but declined. lie is Past Regent of tiie 
Royal Arcanum, R. A., Past Protector of the 
Knights and Ladies of Honor and Past Sir 
Knight Commander of Columbia Tent, K. O. 
T. M. He is Deputy Supreme and Past Coun- 
cillor of the Royal Additional Eeneiit Associa- 
tion, passed through the chairs in the society of 
the Sons of St. George, and is at present Briga- 
dier General of the Uniform Rank, Royal 
Arcauum of Ohio. 

f/^"^ (i. BARKWILL, secretary and treasurer 
of the Columbia Savings & Loan Com- 
pany, and one of the foremost brick 
manufacturers of Cleveland, was born in this 
city, August 6, 1847. After securing a fair 
knowledge of books from the public schools he 
began business as his father's assistant in the 
manufacture of brick, on what is now the site 
of the Standard Oil Company and of the axle 
works, at junction of Broadway and New York, 
Pennsylvania & Ohio Railway. 

On reaching his majority, Mr. Barkwill, 
having a complete knowledge of the manufac- 
ture of brick, opened a yard on Canal Road, 
and was a competitor for several years, when 
ho retired from that work and engaged in the 
provision business as a member of the firm of 
C. Prentiss & Company. Not being satisfied 
with the financial results produced by this line 
of operation, he severed his connection with the 
firm in 1S77, and entered the employ of the 
Standard Oil Company, with whom he con- 
tinued until 1881. In 1882 he again turned 
his attention to the manufacture of brick, with 
his yard at the foot of Mound street, where he 
still continues, enjoying a high reputation as a 
faithful manufacturer and dealer. 

He is a meml)er of the insurance firm of 
Barkwill & Kingman; is treasurer of the Can- 
field Oil Company, and has large real-estate in- 
terests in the city. In 1891 he was elected 
secretary and treasurer of this financial institu- 
tion, of which he is also a director. 

Mr. Barkwill's father, Charles Barkwill, be- 
came a resident of Cleveland about the year 
1840, soon after whicli he embarked in the 
manufacture of brick, and was a formidable 
competitor for many years. He was born in 
England, and died in this city in 1884, aged 
sixty-eight years. His estimable wife, nee Eliza- 
beth Ball, survives him, aged seventy-eight 
years, and is the mother of two children: C. G. 
Barkwill and Mrs. Frank Streetor, of Paines- 
ville, Ohio. 

Mr. C. G. Barkwill was married June 15, 
1870, in this city, to Miss Maria O., a daugh- 
ter of a well known pioneer of Cleveland, SimeoTi 
Streetor, who came here from eastern New York 
early in the century, and purchased a farm of 
220 acres on Broadway and vicinity, all of which 
is now absorbed by the city. He resided on this 
tract as a farmer until 1872, when he retired 
from active pursuits, and died in the year 1879, 
aged eighty-four years. His children, besides 
Mrs. Barkwill, were Frank Streetor, of Paines- 
ville, and Miss Electa A. Streetor, residing with 
the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. and Mrs. Barkwill's children are: Faith 
E., a graduate of Wellesley College; Lucy, a 
student in the same institution; Earnest, at the 
Central High School; Margaret and Isabel. The 
family are active members of the Woodland Ave- 
nue Presbyterian Church. 

'Jf^^EV. HENRY EPPENS, pastor of St. 
r?^ Paul's United Evangelical Church, 518 
11 ^ Scoville aveuTie, Cleveland, Ohio, is one 
V who by reason of his high attainments, 

the good ho has accomplished and the promi- 
nent position which he holds, deserves more 
than passing recognition in this connection. 


He was born at Burlington, Iowa, November 
25, 1846, the son of Kev. Henry and Anna 
(Norman) Eppens, natives of Germany. Tlie 
father came to America in 1844 and his mar- 
riage occurred the succeeding year. He was a 
clergyman of the same religions body as is his 
son, and he had occupied a position of unusual 
prominence in his native land, having had 
charge for a time of a theological seminary at 
Hamburg, Germany. He subsequently became 
superintendent of an orphans' home, which in- 
cumbency he resigned to come to America. 
Arriving here he proceeded to Burlington, 
Iowa, where he assumed a pastoral charge. 
About this time (1845) the synod of the church 
was organized and he became one of its charter 
members, the entire number comprising not 
more than seven or eight individuals. He was 
very prominently identified with the early his- 
tory of his church, was widely known, a man 
of scliolarly attainments and of pronounced ex- 
ecutive ability, being held in high esteem as a 
man of true Christian character, as a leader in 
tlie work of the church and as an influential 
citizen. He served in pastoral charges at va- 
rious points in the Union for a period of thirty- 
two years, and was tiien elected to a general 
supervision of the work of his church, assuming 
charge of the business affairs of the theological 
seminary at St. Louis, Missouri. His wife died 
in 1880, at the age of seventy-two years. She 
was a cheerful, devoted Christian woman, a 
cherished companion and zealous in all good 
works, having been a lifelong member of the 
cliurch of which her husband was so worthy a 
disciple. After the death of his loved wife the 
venerable clergyman came to the home of his 
son, our subject, where he remained for a time, 
going thence to Lockport, New York, where ho 
made his home with his adopted daughter until 
death summoned him to eternal rest. He was 
gathered tolas fathers in the year 1884; at the 
advanced age of eighty years, and in his death 
there was a signal and solemn consistency, for 
he had run his course and by a goodly and 
righteous life had richly merited his reward. 

The subject of this sketch, who is ardently 
carrying forward tlie good work to which his 
honored father devoted his life, was the elder of 
two children. The second son, liev. Conrad 
Eppens, was born in 1848 and died in 1881, 
aged thirty-three years. His wife, Carrie, nee 
Herbold, is still living. He had been for nine 
years pastor of the church at Hermann, Mis- 
souri, and at that place he died, his untimely 
demise being attended with sorrowful regret by 
the church in whose cause he had labored so 
devotedly and successfully, as well as by a large 
circle of friends to whom he had become en- 
deared. His children are: Edward, who is pre- 
paring himself for the ministry at the theologi- 
cal seminary in St. Louis, Missouri; Ella, who 
is a 'capable teacher, employed at Canal Dover, 
Ohio; Julius; and Herman. 

Lena Eppens was an adopted sister of our 
subject, her parents having died within a week 
after her birth. She was tenderly reared by 
her foster parents and is now the wife of Rev. 
Theodore Muuzert, of Lockport, New York. 
For those who had given her affection and home 
she has ever maintained a true filial solicitude 
and has stood ready to testify her gratitude by 
every possible means. 

Rev. Henry Eppens, Jr., secured his theologi- 
cal education at the seminary in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, and was ordained to the ministry May 2, 
1870. His first pastoral charge was at Canal 
Dover, Ohio, where he served for fourteen 
years, laboring zealously and effectively. 
Through his efforts a handsome and commodi 
ous church edifice was erected and he built up 
the church membership to a representative 
standpoint. He came to Cleveland and assumed 
his present charge in 1884, his earnest efforts 
having here been attended by most satisfying 
and goodly results. An incubus of indebted- 
ness on the church property, to the amount of 
about §7,000, has been nearly cleared away; 
the congregation has increased in membership, 
representing at the present time about 125 fam- 
ilies; the Sunday-school lias an average attend- 
ance of 300 individuals; and in short the church 


is in a most healthful and prosperous condition, 
showing the pleasing combination of a devoted 
people and a cultured, worthy and industrious 

On the 18th of June, 1871, our suliject was 
united in marriage to Miss Margaret Schlundt, 
daughter of Ilev. J. F. Schlundt, who at that 
time held a pastoral charge at Holland, Dubois 
county, Indiana. Mrs. Eppens' parents are still 
living, being residents of North Amherst, Lo- 
rain county, Ohio, the father having retired 
from active clerical labors and being now eighty- 
two years of age. His wife, Sophia, is now 
seventy-six years old. Mrs. Eppens is the sixth 
in a family of eight children, four sons and four 
daughters, namely: Charles; Henry; Kev. John, 
who is at present stationed near Evansville, In- 
diana; Catlierine, wife of Kev. F. M. Haefele, 
who holds a charge at North Amherst, Ohio; 
Jacob, deceased; a daughter deceased in in- 
fancy; Mrs. Eppens; and Sophia, who is at 
home, caring for her aged and worthy parents. 

Rev. and Mrs. Eppetis have six children: 
Frederick, a clerk in the First National Bank, 
of Cleveland; Christian, a bookkeeper in the 
same institution; Anna, Emma, Ida and 

STILES H. CURTISS.— Whether the ele- 
-• ments of success in life are innate attri- 
— butes of the individual, or whether they 
are quickened by a process of circumstantial 
development, it is impossible to clearly deter- 
mine. Yet the study of a successful life is none 
the less interesting and profitable by reason of 
the co-existence of this same uncertainty. So 
much in excess of successes is the record of fail- 
ures or semi-failures that one is constrained to 
attempt an analysis in either case and to deter- 
mine the method of causation in an approx- 
imate way. The march of improvement and 
j)rogress is accelerated day by day and each mo- 
ment seems to demand of men a broader intelli- 

gence and a greater discernment than did the 
preceding. Successful men must be live men 
in this age, bristling with activity, and the les- 
sons of biography may be far-reaching to an 
extent not superficially evident. 

He whose name introduces this sketch is the 
junior member of the firm of Smith & Cnrtiss, 
wholesale dealers in teas, coffees and spices in 
the city of Cleveland. He is a native of the 
State with whose commercial enterprises he is 
now concerned, having been born in Summit 
county, May 27, 1846, the son of Charles and 
Mary (Gleeson) Curtiss, who were prominent 
in the pioneer history of the county named. The 
father was a native of Connecticut and the 
mother of the State of New York. Charles 
Curtiss emigrated to Ohio in 1840 and took up- 
his residence in Summit county, which was 
then in the initial processes of reclamation at 
the hands of the pioneer settlers. He attained 
to a position of prominence in the community 
and gained recognition as a man of sterling 
worth and integrity. In i860 he removed to 
Cleveland and at once engaged in the same line 
of Ijusiness to which his son, our subject, now 
devotes his attention. He was also interested 
in agricultural pursuits after his removal to 
Cleveland, owning and operating a fine farm. 
He was connected with the Summit county 
branch of the State Bank of Ohio, and retained 
his financial relations with this institution until 
it was mei-ged into the National Bank. He was 
for many years a zealous and consistent mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, and held offi- 
cial preferments of importance in the connec- 
tion. He was a man of unswerving integrity, 
a popular and public-spirited citizen and a busi- 
ness man of much ability and acumen, at all 
times careful and conscientious in his methods. 
The ei-terprise which he established in Cleve- 
land prospered under his effective direction and 
constantly increased in importance and range of 
operations. He continued his connection with 
the industry until the time of his death, when 
it passed into the hands of his son, as already 
noted. The death of this honored pioneer oc- 


curred December 27, 1872, at which time he 
was in his sixty-first year. His wife survives 
liim and has now attained the venerable age of 
eighty-one years. Her parents, Moses and 
Polly Gleeson, were prominent among the 
early pioneers of Cuyahoga county. 

Charles and Mary Curtiss were the parents 
of three children, two sons and one daughter. 
The eldest son, Charles E., took up arms in his 
country's cause at the outbreak of the late civil 
war, enlisting, at the age of seventeen years, in 
Battery J-), First Ohio Light Artillery. lie was 
severely wounded at the battle of Ivy Mountain, 
and being incapacitated for service by reason 
of his injuries was sent liome, where lie re- 

mained for 


when on account ot his con- 

tinued disability he was discharged iVom 
further service in the field. He removed to 
Arizona, where he was a prominent business 
man and Adjutant-General of the Territory at 
the time of his untimely death, his demise oc- 
curring January 22, 1879, at which time he was 
but thirty-five years of age. The subject of 
this review was the second child, and the third 
was Anna, who is now the wife of Tiiomas II. 
Brooks, a well known business man of Cleve- 

Stiles II. Curtiss was educated at the West- 
ern Reserve College, at wliich institution he 
graduated in 1867. He commenced the study 
of law, prosecuting liis reading under the pre- 
ceptorship of the prominent Cleveland law firm 
of Prentiss & Baldwin. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1869 and from that time continued 
in the practice of his profession in Cleveland 
until 1872, when, upon the death of his father, 
he succeeded to the latter's commercial inter- 
ests and has since carried on the business most 
successfully. The firm of Smith & Curtiss is 
one of the representative associations in its 
line, the business having experienced a steady 
and healthful growth until it is one of the most 
extensive in the State as considered in connec- 
tion with kindred enterprises. Mr. Curtiss is 
prominent in business circles of the city and 
has iiiiDiirtuut financial interests aside from the 

one already mentioned. He is a director in the 
State National Bank and the Citizens' Savings 
& Loan Association. 

As evincing his practical interest in and sup- 
port of charitable and benevolent enterprises, 
we call attention to the fact that he is a trustee 
for the Children's Aid Society, and also for 
the Floating Bethel. He is also a trustee 
of the Second Presbyterian Church, of which or- 
ganization he and his wife are esteemed njem- 

The marriage of our subject occurred Septem- 
ber 30, 1875, when he was united to Miss 
Lucia M. Stair, daughter of Edwin and Marcia 
L. Stair, of Cleveland. The children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Curtiss are four in number: Charles 

E., H( 

311 ry 

8., Edwin S. and Anna M. 

of Wareham J. Warner, deceased, was 
-- born in Cleveland, March 6, 1846, ended 
his school days at Humiston's Institute, then on 
the South Side, and in 1861 entered the Forest 
City Bank as collection clerk, and remained 
there until it closed business. He was next 
employed by Orville B. Skinner at the old Mer- 
wiu street depot of the Cleveland, Columbus, 
Cincinnati & Indianapolis Railroad for several 
years, and then was in Toledo a year, clerking 
in the Cincinnati, Hamilton k, Dayton Railroad 
office. Returning to Cleveland, he was engaged 
by the old Lake Shore Railroad Company as 
clerk at the old pier depot until 1865, when he 
became bookkeeper for Corning & Company, 
remaining with them some nine years, and on 
account of ill health, in 1874, he went West 
and located in Independence, Kansas, engaging 
in hotel business as proprietor of the Caldwell 
House. Closing there in 1877 he returned 
again to Cleveland, which city he has since 
made his home. For some weeks after his re- 
turn he was occupied in renewing old acquaint- 
ances. April 6, 1878, he engaged in the whole- 
sale and retail grocery trade extensively at 163 


Ontario street, succeeding by purchase the firm 
of Pope & Hammer, until April 1, 1883, when 
he quit the business and for some years attended 
to the settlement of the estate of his father, 
who died December 1, 1883. Since that date 
he has devoted his time to Fire, Life and Acci- 
dent Insurance business as a solicitor. 

He is a veteran member of Tyrian Lodge, 
A. F. & A. M., and a member of Cleveland 
Lodge, B. P. O. E. 

June 9, 1880, he was married, in Cleveland, 
to Miss Agnes A. Morris, whose father, John 
W. Morris, is a pioneer of this city, and for 
many years was a prominent ship builder. He 
was born in Rhyl, North Wales, February 14, 
1814, and came to Cleveland June 5, 1842. 
Mr. and Mrs. Warner's children are: Edith 
Morris, Posalind Morse, Lillian, deceased, and 
John Morris. 

'fr^j OBERT CHRISTIAN, e.x-Deputy Col- 
)r\^ lector of Customs at tiie port of Cleve- 
Jl *^ land, was born in the Isle of Man, Jan- 
^ uary 28, 1819. His parents were Jolin 

and Elizabeth (Watlerson) Christian. 

His father, a farmer and weaver by occupa- 
tion, and a local Methodist preacher in his ver- 
nacular tongue — the Manx-Gaelic — as well as 
in English, died in 1844, at the age of fifty- 
seven years. His wife departed this life in 
June, 1822. They were tiie parents of two sons 
and two daughters. Catherine, tbe eldest child, 
was born in 1817, married Robert Cottier, of 
Ballaclucas Marown, and are both now de 
ceased, the former dying in 1852. Charlotte, 
born in 1818, married Robert Faraker, of the 
town of Peel, and died in London, in 1885, 
leaving five sons and one daughter, all in Lon- 
don. One son, Robert Faraker, is a minister 
in the established church. John, tiio youngest 
child of John and Elizabeth Christian, was born 
in 1822, and died in 1842, at the age of twenty 
years. He also had two sons and two daughters, 

by his second wife, two of whom are still living, 
namely: Edward, in Brooklyn, New York; and 
Margaret, in Cleveland. 

Robert Christian, the third child in order of 
birth, came to the United States in 1850, locat- 
ing in Cleveland, Ohio. While in his native 
country he served an apprenticeship of four 
years at the grocery trade, receiving only his 
board and lodging, and afterward followed that 
business on his own account twenty-four years. 
He crossed the ocean first on the ship Prince- 
ton, one of the Black Ball line of sailing ves- 
sels. In 1855 he returned to his native place, 
going this time on the ship Constitution (Cap- 
tain Caldwell), spending seven weeks on the 
voyage, namely, from January 28 to March 17, 
1856. During this time the steamer Pacific 
was lost, with all on board. One man was ac- 
cidentally killed on the ship Constitution during 
the voyage. 

On first coming to this country Mr. Christian 
spent three weeks in New York, three weeks in 
Albany, two months in Buffalo, where he was 
joined by his family, and they then came to 
Cleveland, on the Saratoga, the railroad being 
open only as far as Dunkirk. He opened a 
grocery store on what is now Ontario street, 
between Bolivar and Huron streets, and on the 
site the Christian Block is now located. The 
street was then known as Pittsburg street, later 
was changed to Broadway, and finally assumed 
its present name. In the spring of 1857 he 
moved his family to Cedar avenue, where he 
now resides. April 1, 1864, he became an em- 
ployee of the customs collector as deputy at the 
marine desk, and after eight years' service in 
this relation he served as general deputy for 
fifteen years. He left the customs service 
January 18, 1887, and has since lived retired. 

He was married in the Isle of Man, August 
12, 1845, to Miss Elizabeth Bridson, who died 
in 1884, at the age of seventy years. They 
united with the First Baptist Church in 1857. 
Mr. and Mrs. Christian have had five children, 
three of whom died in infancy. The eldest 
living child, George Bridson, was born June 


23, 1846, and during the war was in the 100- 
day service, under Captain Jeremiah Ensvvorth, 
now deceased, in Company F, One Hundred 
and Fiftieth Regiment of the Ohio National 
Guard. While stationed at Fort Totten, near 
Washington, District of Columbia, the regi- 
ment had a skirmish with General Early in his 
raid on Washington. 

George B. Christian married Eliza Jane 
Worswick, of Cleveland, Ohio, October 9, 1890, 
and they have one child, Bessie. Mr. Chris- 
tian, Jr., has served as clerk in the First Bap- 
tist Church for the past fourteen years, and is 
vice-president of the Cleveland J'rovision Com- 
pany, pork-packers, with whom he has been 
identified for the past thirty years. 

Elizabeth, the only living daughter of Robert 
and Elizabeth Cliristian, is still a member of the 
home circle: she is an artist of a high degree of 
natural taste. 

In political matters the men in this family 
are Republicans; and the subject of this sketch 
has performed an important part in his line in 
the best Interests of the Government and city. 
The success attained by him is mainly due to 
his native sagacity, and to his courteous, gen- 
tlemanly bearing and his high and honorable 
business methods. lie is thorouglily alive to 
the best interests of the day, keeping fully 
abi'east of the times. 

1R. M. L. ALLEN, physician and surgeon, 
525 Pearl street, Cleveland, was born in 
Hancock county, Ohio, July 12, 1853. 
His father, D. G. Allen is a native of Jefferson 
county, this State, and is still a resident there, 
on a farm, following his life-long vocation, 
agriculture, and also engaged in milling, hav- 
ing control of a lai'ge mill. He akso raises live 
stock, as fine sheep and horses; but as he is 
now seventy-one years of age lie is partly re- 
tired from active life. He has been an Elder 
ill the Frcsbyterian Church from early man- 
iiood, has oi'oaiiized two cluirciies and lias al- 

ways been a very intluential man in church and 
other local interests. He has been married 
three times and has si.\ children, Dr. M. L. 
being the third child by his first marriage, to 
Sarah McCandiess, a native of Virginia. The 
other children are: Mary, wife of AV. W. Den- 
nis, a carpenter of Cleveland; James B., in 
Maysville, Missouri, who married Miss Flora 
Phillips; S. M., who is a resident of Pennsyl- 
vania and married Anna Crawford. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was but one year old when 
his mother died, aged thirty years, a devout 
member of the Presbyterian Church. For his 
second wife Mr. D. G. Allen married Lucinda 
Abaugh, who also died at the age of thirty 
years, leaving one child, William. By the third 
marriage Mr. Allen wedded Mrs. Sarah Allman, 
and they also have one child, D. S. 

In his youth Dr. Allen was educated at Har- 
lem Springs and Hopedale, Harrison county, 
this State; read medicine under the instructions 
of Dr. Thomas Crawford of Augusta, Ohio, and 
completed Iw's medical course in the medical de- 
partment of the Western Reserve University in 
Cleveland, graduating in the class of 1888, 
since which time lie has pursued his chosen 
profession at the place where he is now located, 
having enjoyed splendid success. In respect 
to the fratei-nal orders he is a Mason and a 
member of the order of Knights of Pytliias. 

He was married in October, 1889, to Miss 
Eva McEntire, daughter of Peter and Mattie 
McEntire, of East Springfield, Ohio. Both her 
parents are still living, on a farm, — the father 
now aged sixty-five years, and mother sixty 
years, — members of the Presbyterian Church. 
He is a good farmer and stock-raiser, giving 
much attention to draft horses. Mrs. Allen is 
the fourth in a family of seven children, as fol- 
lows: Jane, Rosa, Ross (deceased at the age of 
twenty-seven years), Eva (Mrs. Allen). Vincent, 
Morton and . 

Dr. and Mrs. Allen are members of the Lo- 
rain Street Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
wiiicli religious body ho holds an official rela- 
tion. ( >ii iiatimial nuciitions he is an ardent 


Republican, and has done much for his party. 
He is a splendid young physician, standing well 
in the profession and among all those who know 
him intimately. 

Although but ten years of age during the 
second year of the last war, he has a " war 
record," — at least he saw a specimen of army 
life, as follows: General John Morgan, while 
on his raid throngh Ohio, stopped with his men 
at the Doctor's parental home, and both the 
men and their horses were fed, eating every- 
thing on the premises, both at the house and at 
the barn! Each man had two horses. They 
arrived about ten o'clock at night and departed 
about si.x next morning. 

) prietors of the Hawley House, Cleve- 
land, are two of the best known hotel- 
men of the city, having been connected with 
the hotel business of this place for the past 
twenty-eight years. No two men in the city, 
perhaps, have a larger acquaintance among the 
traveling public. Embarking in hotel life 
while in their 'teens they naturally grew into 
the business nntil they assimilated, as it were, 
in their very natures all the elements that con- 
stitute the true type of a modern hotel-man, for 
which very few are well fitted. 

When they first came to this city, in 1(S66, 
they secured employment in the Weddell 
House, then conducted by the Kirkwood 
Brothers, D. R in the dining-room and Davis 
as cigar boy. After a time the former secured 
employment at the City Hotel as steward, and 
later as clerk, until 1871, when he purchased 
the old Clinton Hotel, entering into partnership 
with A. M. Lowe. In 1878 he placed the man- 
agement of that house in the hands of his 
brother Davis, who was by this time clerking 
for him. He then purchased the City Hotel 
and gave his attention to its management; but 
he soon disposed of this property and l)ought 
the Striebinger Hotel, which he soon afterward 

In 1882 the two brothers, in company with 
John Laiigton, erected the Hawley House, 
which institution had long been their "cher- 
ished dream." Their desire was to erect and 
own one of the best hotel buildings in the city, 
and they had postponed the fulfillment of it for 
a long time on account of the over-cautiousness 
of some of their friends who advised against it. 
It was therefore with some misgivings that 
they embarked in this heavy financial responsi- 
bility, but their success has proven the correct- 
ness of their judgment, for never has a month 
gone by since the house was opened when a 
good showing was not made on the favorable 
side of the ledger. The house has been under 
the immediate supervision of the brothers ever 
since its opening, and thus its good manage- 
ment has been uniformly assured. 

The Hawley brothers came to Cleveland poor 
boys and among entire strangers; but they had 
the courage and sound business judgment that 
have prospered them and placed them in easy 
circumstances; and to say that loyalty to the 
best interests of Cleveland has been constantly 
one of their first thoughts would be superfluous 
to the citizens. 

They were born on a farm in Upper Canada, 
the sons of Davis and Amelia (Lake) Hawley, 
native Canadians. Their father died in 1863, 
and their mother in 1868. They spent their 
boyhood days on the farm with their parents,^ — 
David R. until he was eighteen years of age, 
and Davis until fourteen. The elder went to 
Rochester, New York, and obtained employ- 
ment in the Clinton Hotel, where he remained 
until he came to this city, in 1866. He was 
born April 20, 1843, and has been twice mar- 
ried, — first in 1867, to Miss Mary Morey, who 
died in 1878, leaving two sons, — Charles and 
Frank. For his second wife lie married, in 
1892, Miss Nellie Rouse. Mr. and Mrs. D. R. 
Hawley reside on Sibley street. 

Mr. Davis Hawley was born September 18, 
1850, and on leaving home at the age of four- 
teen years first went to Detroit, Michigan, 
where he was employed until 186G, when lie 


came to Cleveland, as before stated. After 
being cigar boy at the Weddell House three 
years, he entered the employ of the White Sew- 
ing machine Company, in their shops, for three 
years, when he became clerk for his brother at 
the old Clinton House. He remained in that 
relation there, sharing the profits, until the 
erection of the Hawley House in 1882. In 
Freemasonry he is a member of the Cleveland 
City Lodge, No 15, of Webb Chapter, No. 14, 
Oriental Commandery, No. 12, Cleveland Coun- 
cil, No. 32, and also of the Masonic Club, of 
this city. He was one of the organizers of the 
Cuyahoga Building and Loan Company, of 
Cleveland, in 1863, of which he was elected first 
vice-president and a member of the board of 
directors and also a member of the executive 
and appraisal committees. Of this company he 
is one of the main factors. Being a lover of 
good sport, he also aided in the organization of 
the Cleveland Base Ball Club, to which he has 
now for six years given much attention, being 
secretary of the club; and he was also one of 
the organizers of the Cleveland Athletic Club, 
of which he is one of the directors. 

He was married in November, 1873, to Miss 
Mary Switz, of this city, and they have one 
child, named Davis, .Ir. This family resides at 
the hotel. 

Ill 1890, on the death of Mr. Langton, the 
brothers assumed full control of the hotel. 
Besides their possession of the hotel property, 
the Hawley brothers have invested a consider- 
able amount in real estate elsewhere in the city. 
They are members of the Cleveland Hotel- 
keepers' Association. 

LUKE BRENNAN, the oldest active rcsi- 
I dent contractor in the city of Cleveland 
1 and a gentleman who has paved more 

miles of streets, built more rods of sewer and 
cleaned a greater number of streets than any 
other one man, came to Cleveland in 1853. He 
brought with him ciiuugh cajiital for buying a 

team and set to work supplying himself with 
material to be used in completing his contracts 
for both pavement and sewer, which he secured. 
He did the work on many of the largest con- 
tracts let and many of the streets he has paved 
twice, including Superior and Broadway. For 
many years he was given the contract for all 
street cleaning and street improvement of the 
entire city. 

Mr. Brennan came from Brooklyn, Con- 
necticut, where he located on coming to the 
United States in 1849. lie was without capi- 
tal except an industrious nature and an active, 
muscular body. He hired himself out as a 
farm hand, and being economical saved up suffi- 
cient in five years to start himself in business in 
Cleveland, and his progress in the city has been 
most satisfactory. He is unusually fortunate 
in the figuring on contracts, and of building, 
receiving them in many instances at a figure 
which has enabled liim to sublet and still reap 
a handsome margin. 

Mr. Brennan is probably as widely known as 
any man in the city, from the nature of his 
business. He is most easily approached and an 
interesting gentleman, when he has leisure 
time. Two incidents in his life of special inter- 
est we will mention iiere, one demonstrating the 
luck of some men, and the other demonstrating 
Mr. Brennan's sympathy with injured human- 
ity. Some years ago a cannon target practice 
was given in Cleveland, presided over by the 
light artillery, when a prize of $150 was offered 
for the one hitting the "bull's eye" at a three- 
fourths mile range. Mr. I^rennan happened 
along, paid for a shot, made mental calculation 
as to his sight, fired, and although unused to 
lire-arms, his ball struck the target and won 
the money. 

In ISSO, while taking a journey, Mr. Bren- 
nan overheard a detective planning with an ac- 
complice to secure the conviction of a prisoner 
named Welch, accused of murder at Fremont, 
Ohio. It transpired finally that tlirough man- 
factured testimony, Welch was convicted and 
senttMiced to be hanged, for all which the de- 

J^. (9. cJLe/c^. 


tective was to receive $3,000. As the day of 
execution came nearer, Mr. Breiiiiaii became 
more and more convinced tliat an innocent man, 
tliough a bad citizen, was about to suffer death, 
and lie determined to prevent it by repeating to 
Governor Foster the conversation with his female 
companion in the train. He went to Colum- 
bus, was introduced to the Governor, told him 
his secret and Mr. Welch's sentence was com- 
muted to life imprisonment. 

Mr. Brennan has visited Ireland twice since 
he left it in 1849, the last time taking with him 
his wife and daughter, dining with the Lord 
Mayor of Dublin, who married a cousin, a Miss 

Mr. Brennan was a son of Ennis Brennan, 
who came to Cleveland in 1862, and died here 
in 1872, aged sixty-five. His wife was Ellen 
Gavican, who died in 1884, aged eighty-four 
years. They were from county Roscommon, 
Ireland, where Mr. Brennan, our subject, was 
born, in October, 1880. 

In April, 1852, Mr. Brennan married Cathe- 
rine Barlow, from his own county in Ireland. 
Their children are: Frank, deceased; Hubert, 
deceased; Anna, wife of Charles M. Le Blond, 
of Cleveland; John F., who married Miss Lil- 
lian Ohlemacher, of Sandusky, Ohio; Teresa, 
wife of Charles P. O'Eeilly, of Cleveland; and 
Georgie, Joseph, Mary Ellen and Luke died in 

Mr. Brennan is an active memljer of the 
Knights of St. John, and was a delegate to the 
Catholic convention in Baltimoi-e in 1890. 

DR. DANIEL HEIMLICH, a physician 
and surgeon of Cleveland, was born in 
— ' this city, October 4, 1867, a son of Abra- 
ham and Clara Heimlich, natives of Austria, 
but now residents of Cleveland. In 1885 our 
subject graduated at the West high school, four 
years afterward completed the course at Adel- 
bert College, and in 1892 graduated in the 
Medical Department of the Western Reserve 

University. He then went to Europe, and at- 
tended medical lectures in Berlin, Vienna, Lon- 
don and other large cities, also studied under 
the best instructors of the continent. Dr. Heim- 
lich returned to this city in 1893, and has since 
been engaged in the active practice of medicine 
and surgery, having an othce at 521 Woodland 
avenue. His residence is located on the West 
Side, where he has resided for nineteen years. 
In 1893 he became the Democratic candidate 
for Coroner, and was elected by a very large 
majority, having run much ahead of his ticket. 
Dr. Heimlich was a student of Dr. Gustav C. 
E. Weber, of this city. He is a member of the 
Cleveland (Ohio) Medical Association, and is 
physician for the H. B. & S. U. Society. He 
is well read in his studies, and stands high in 
his profession. 

JOSEPH C. SHIELDS, Treasurer of Cuya, 
hoga county, was born in New Alexandria, 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, in 
the year 1827. His parents were John and 
Elizabeth (Skiles) Shields, both natives of Penn- 
sylvania, his father being of Irish and his 
mother of German descent. He served as a 
private in the war of 1812. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject was a Colonial soldier of 
the Revolution. 

Joseph C. Shields was given a fair common- 
school education, and served an apprenticeship 
of five years and eight months at the trade of 
tanner and currier, which trade he followed for 
a period of two years after serving an appren- 
ticeship. He then went to Pittsburg, Penn- 
sylvania in 1845, and there followed the trade 
of mechanic till the spring of 1852, when he 
came to Cleveland to accept a position as hotel 
clerk, which position he gave up some nine 
months later in order to accept employment in 
the service of the Cleveland Transfer Company, 
with whom he was engaged till September, 
1853. Next he was in the employ of the Cleve- 
land & Toledo Railroad Company until the fall 



of 1858, when he went to Central America to 
superintend a stage line across the isthmus of 
Tehuantepec. He was engaged there till the 
winter of 1860, when he accepted employment 
from the Adams Express Company at Xew Or- 
leans. In April, 1861, he again entered the 
service of the Cleveland & Toledo Railroad 

In the same year Mr. Shields enlisted as a 
private in the Cleveland Light Artillery, and 
after an army service of three months he again 
took up railroading. In July, 1862, he re- 
cruited the Nineteenth Ohio Battery, better 
known as "Shields' Battery," with which he 
left for the seat of war October 6, 1862. This 
battery was engaged in upward of fifty fights 
and skirmishes, some of tiie most important be- 
ing Kocky-Face Tlidge,_ Kesaca, Dallas, Pine 
mountain, Stone mountain, Kenesaw mountain, 
Atlanta, Jonesborough, Lovejoy Station, P^'rank- 
lin, Nashville and others. Tiie battery was 
ordered to North Carolina from Nashville by 
way of Washington, reaching Washington with 
the close of the war. The battery returned 
home to Cleveland, where they were mustered 
out of the service June 27, 18G5, Mr. Shields 
with rank of Captain. 

U[)on the close of the war he again took up 
railroading on the same road where he was 
formerly employed, and for several years was 
master of transportation, and then for seven- 
teen years he was a passenger conductor. 

In August, 1886, he entered the County 
Treasurer's office as a deputy, and as such served 
until he was elected County Treasurer as the 
Republican candidate in the fall of 1889; and 
to this office he was re-elected in the fall of 
1891, his second term expiring in September, 

Mr. Shields is a member of the Forest City 
Post, G. A. R., of which he served two years as 
Commander. He is also a member of the Cuya- 
hoga County Soldiers' & Sailors' Union, Loyal 
Legion, and other societies pertaining to soldiers. 
In many ways he has been prominently con- 
nectcil with public measures, both social and 

political. In 1867-'68 he served as a member 
of the City Council for Cleveland, and he has 
long since held a very high station in the es- 
teem and confidence of his t'ellow-citizens. 

In 1862 Mr. Shields married Miss Ellen S. 
Crawford: they have no children. 

fjERRY H. BABCOCK, senior member of 
the wholesale grocery house of Babcock, 
Ilurd tk Company, of Cleveland, Ohio, 
was born at Ravenna, Portage county, 
Ohio, January 23, 1816, the son of Almon and 
Mary (Collins) Babcock. His father was born at 
West Granville, Massachusetts, November 9, 
1788, the son of Perry and Cynthia (Hickox) 
Babcock; and Perry Babcock was born at Wes- 
terly, Rhode Island, in 1765, and was the son of 
Jonathan and Susanna (Perry) Babcock; Jona- 
than Babcock was born also at Westerly, Nov- 
ember 19, 1735, the son of David and Dorcas 
(Brown) Babcock; David was born at South 
Kingston, Rhode Island, December 22, 1700, 
the son of George and Elizabeth (Hall) Babcock; 
George was a native also of South Kingston, 
born in 1674, the son of John and Mary (Law- 
ton) Babcock; John Babcock was born at Plym- 
outh, Massachusetts, in 1644. He was a" free- 
man" in 1669, "conservator of the peace" in 
1678, and "deputy" in 1682-'84. He was the 
son of James Babcock, of Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, who was born in England in 1612, and 
landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in July 
1621. He was admitted an "inhabitant" in 1642, 
and a "freeman" in 1655. He was twice mar- 

Almon Babcock left Gi-anvilie, Massachusetts, 
in 1810, and came to Charlestown, Portage 
county, Ohio, as agent for his father, one of the 
members of the Charlestown Land Company. 
In 1814 he married Miss Mary, the only daugh- 
ter of Robert Johnson Collins, of Rootstown, 
Portage county, Ohio, she being on her mother's 
side a descendant from the old and well-known 
family of Wadsworths of Hartford, ( 'onnecticut. 


He was an active and enterprising man and stir- 
ring character in liis day, in the new Western 
Reserve. In the war of 1812 he served under 
General Wadsworth, and afterward settled in 
Ilavenna, and made that place his home during 
the remainder of his life. He built the first 
briclv house in Ravenna, and opened a hotel, 
whicli soon became a favorite stopping place on 
tlie stage route between Cleveland and Pitts- 
burg. He also ran a blacksmith shop and owned 
a farm. His death occurred in 1850. 

Mr. Perry H. Babcock was given a good com- 
mon-school education, and learned the black- 
smith's trade in his father's shop at Ravenna. In 
1839, while working at this trade, he met with 
an accident, and during the enforced idleness 
which followed he accepted an invitation to 
make a trip to Cincinnati as the guest of D. D. 
and D. McDonald, owner of a flat-boat. This 
trip required thirty days, — quite a contrast be- 
tween then and now, when the same distance can 
be made by rail in a few hours' time. 

During this trip Mr. Babcock was impressed 
with the possibilities of the profits that might 
lie earned in the forwarding and commission 
l)usiness, and determined at no distant day to 
put his ideas into practice; and it was probably 
this trip, intended as one of pleasure, that 
(•hanged the whole course of his life; and it may 
be said that the accident, regretted at the time, 
turned him from the blacksmith-shop to the 
busy marts of commerce, and made jwssible the 
success of after life, making him a successful 
merchant instead of a skilled mechanic. 

While in Cincinnati he engaged as a clerk in 
a wholesale grocery house, and remained in that 
city until 1841, when he returned to Ravenna. 
The following year he hired a boat and brought 
a load of coal from the Briar Hill mines (now 
Youngstown), owned by Tod & Stanibaugh, 
which was the first load of coal ever brought 
from those mines to Ravenna. (The senior 
meml)er of the above firm, David Tod, was after- 
ward Governor of Ohio.) Previous to that time 
coal from the Tallmadge mines in Summit 
county Iiad been used at Ravenna. 

Mr. Babcock remained at Raveima until 1845, 
during the season of which year he was in Pitts- 
burg, forwarding goods through to the lakes in 
connection with Hubby and Hughes of Cleve- 
land. Then, owing to his recent marriage, he, 
in the spring of 1846, removed to Aurora, Ohio, 
where he engaged in business with Hurd & 
Sons, Mr. Hurd being his father-in-law. The 
firm was engaged in the general mercantile busi- 
ness peculiar in those days. His work was en- 
tirely on the outside, attending to the purchases, 
while Mr. Hurd attended to the inside business. 

Mr. Hurd was a splendid business man, a 
"natural-born" gentleman, and was one of the 
most popular men of Aurora. The firm con- 
tinued at Aurora until 1853, and then removed 
to Cleveland in order to secure a larger field for 
operations, and formed the partnership of Bab- 
cock, Hurd & Company. Altogether this firm 
has been in existence forty-eight years, and thus 
Mr. Babcock is a member of one of the oldest 
houses in northern Ohio. 

The commission business was finally dropped 
by this company, and they confined themselves 
to the wholesale grocery business exclusively. 
George Babcock, a son of the subject of this 
sketch, became a member of this firm in 1865, 
and remained a member until his death in 1883. 
Hopson Hurd, Jr., died March 31, 1890. At the 
jiresent time the firm is composed of Perry H. 
Babcock (whose name heads this sketch), his 
son Charles, H. A. Bishop, McClellan Hurd, 
son of Elisha Hurd, and Harry C. Hurd, son of 
Ilopson Hurd, Jr. The place of business is at 
Nos. 102-4-6, Water street, corner of St. Clair 

In 1852 the firm of II. Hurd & Son, which 
was in reality the predecessors of the present 
firm of Babcock, Hurd & Company, made the 
largest cheese ever made in Ohio, weighing 
1,000 pounds. It was made for the State fair 
held at Cleveland in that year, and there being 
no competition in the cheese industry at that 
fair, and as there was some jealousy existing in 
Cleveland toward outside towns, no premium 
was awarded for it. It was sold, at 12J cents 



a pound, to Aldeii Pease, of Portage county, 
who sent it to St. Louis for the holiday market. 

In 1843 Mr. Babcock was married to Maria, 
daughter of Hopson Hnrd, Sr., of Aurora. Her 
death occurred in 1882, and January 30, 1884, 
Mr. Babcock was married to Miss Caroline 
Baldwin, a daughter of tlie late Frederick Bald- 
win of Hudson, Summit county, Ohio. 

Few of Cleveland's citizens have met witli 
greater success or attained a more prominent 
position in mercantile circles than has Mr. Bab- 
cock. For nearly half a century he has been 
closely identified with the business interests of 
Cleveland and northern Ohio, and his career has 
been a steady march onward and upward. He 
is yet in the prime of his mental and physical 
energy, retains an unabated interest in his 
business, and is punctual in his office hours. 
He has been a director of the National City 
Bank since 1874, and vice president of that in- 
stitution since 1876. He is a life member of 
the Western Reserve Historical Society, and 
takes a deep interest in the work of this organ- 
ization. In business and private life he com- 
mands the friendship and respect of all who 
know him. He is quiet and modest in bearing, 
quick in his perceptions and decided in his 
movements, upwright in his dealings, and a 
typical business man, to whom success has come 
because he has put forth that eneigy and de- 
termination that forced it. 

fl( RTIIUR B. FOSTER.— We are now per- 
//_\\ mitteil to dii-ect attention to one of the 
1/ li distinctively representative business men 
' of Cleveland, one who has been a resi- 

dent of the city for nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury, and who is intimately concerned with cer- 
tain of her most important industrial enter- 

Our subject comes from a line of ancestors 
wlio iiave been identified with the interests of 
America from the early Colonial period, repre- 
sentatives of tlie family having been active 

participants in war of the Revolution. The 
father of our subject was C. R. Foster, who was 
for many years engaged in the merchant tailor- 
ing business at Garrettsville, Portage county, 
Ohio. He was born in 1823 and died at the 
age of sixty-five years; his wife passed away in 
1869, at the age of thirty-eiglit years. 

Arthur B. Foster was born at Garrettsville, 
Ohio, December 14, 1844, and was reared in 
his native town, completing his education at the 
Nelson Academy, at which he graduated in 

In 1862, a youth of eigliteen years, he en- 
listed in the One Hundred and Fourth Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, as a musician, and served 
for three years, receiving his discharge at 
Cleveland, in 1865. He thereupon returned 
home and engaged in business with his father, 
and continued this association for a period of 
five years. He then came to Cleveland and en- 
gaged with the Domestic Sewing Machine Com- 
pany as a traveling agent, remaining thus em- 
ployed until 1878, when lie was advanced to 
tiie position in charge of the wholesale ofKce as 
local manager. From 1882 until 1890 he had 
charge of the western department of the com- 
pany's business, as general manager, finally re- 
signing this preferment and identifying himself 
with the National Screw & Tack Company, of 
which he became president. In May, 1890, he 
severed his connection with the enterprise noted 
and purchased the controlling interest in the 
stock of the Cleveland Electric Manufacturing 
Company, of which he is vice-president, treasurer 
and general manager. He is also president of 
the Cleveland Trunk Company, and has other 
business interests of representative order. Tiie 
Cleveland Electric Manufacturing Company 
was organized in 1880 and was duly incorpo- 
rated with a capital stock of ,^5100,000, e.x-Mayor 
W. G. Rose being the first president of the cor- 
poration. The company was organized for the 
purpose of manufacturing and putting on the 
market the American watchman's time de- 
tector, tlie first device of the kind in which use 
was made of electricity. The present company 


own and control the patents on this invention, 
which lias met with the most favorable re- 
ception, the business of the company ramifying 
into all sections of the Union and also into for- 
eign countries. There are more of these de- 
tectors in use than of all others combined. The 
coinpany manufacture all their own goods, a 
corps of seventy-five operatives being retained 
in the manufacturing department. 

Mr. Foster is prominently identified with the 
Masonic order, I)eing Past-Commander of the 
Knights Templar, and is an active member of 
the Chamber of Commerce. In his political 
proclivities he is a Ilepublican, maintaining a 
consistent interest in the issues of the day. 

The marriage of our subject occurred in 1865, 
when he was united to Miss Belle Wright, a 
daughter of A. J. Wrigiit, a well-known resi- 
dent of Tolland, Connecticut. 


"=^RED C. EMDE, Supervisor of the Di- 
|( vision of Cemeteries in the Department 
^ of Charities and Correction of the City 
of Cleveland, was born in this city September 18, 
1863. His parents came to this country from 
Germany early in the '50s, and have ever since 
been residents of Cleveland. His mother, how- 
ever, died a few years ago; and his father, who 
until that time was a merchant, retired from 
business, in which relation he still continues. 

Mr. Emde, the subject proper of this sketch, 
was educated at the German Lutheran schools 
in this city, and at the age of thirteen was ap- 
prenticed to A. T. Townsend, at that time a 
prominent druggist here, and became a practi- 
cal pharmacist. Striking out at the age of 
eighteen, he traveled extensively, employed in 
his profession in various large cities, notably at 
New Orleans, Louisiana, where he remained a 
number of years. Returning to his native city, 
after an absence of about five years, he was em- 
ployed by H. G. Biddle for a few years, and 
then, in 1889, went into business for himself, 
which he conducted very successfully until ap- 

pointed to his present position, the duties of 
which were such that to attend to them he had 
to retire temporarily from other business. He 
is now having a block built on East Prospect 
street, where, when his term as Cemetery 
Supervisor expires, he intends to open again 
a first-class pharmacy. 

In his political principles Mr. Emde has al- 
ways been an ardent Democrat, being a regular 
attendant as delegate to city, county and State 
conventions, and was appointed to his present 
position May 1, 1893, by Director W. J. Mc- 
Kinnic, as a reward for competency and party 
service. In his fraternal relations he is a mem- 
ber of Forest City Lodge and Cleveland Ciiapter 
of Masons, and of the Knights of Pythias. 

August 3, 1887, is the date of his marriage 
to Miss Jessie N. Willianis, daughter of George 
and Eiinice li. Williams, representatives of one 
of the oldest families of the Western Reserve. 
Mr. Williams was a member of the famous 
Seventh Ohio regiment, serving througli the 
entire war, and for a time was a prisoner at 
Andersonville. He is now living retired at 
Chardon, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Emde are the 
parents of two children: Eunice S., aged five; 
and Helen M., aged three years. 

|]ALTER A. THIEME, one of the well- 
known young members of the Cleve- 
land bar, and a member of the law firm 
of Thieme & Zangerle, was born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, April 18, 1866. His parents were 
August and Pauline (Schmidt) Thieme, both 
natives of Germany. His father came to the 
United States in 1850 and located first at Buf- 
falo, New York, but in 1852 he came to Cleve- 
land. He founded the German paper Waechter 
am Erie, which he continued to own and edit up 
to his death in 1879. This paper was one of the 
leading German publications of Ohio and had a 
great influence in the city and State. Its pub- 
lication was continued until October, 1893, when 


it was consolidated with the Anzeiger, of this 
city. The widow of Mr. Thieine is still living, 
residing in Cleveland. 

The subject of this sketch was reared in 
Cleveland and educated in tlie ])ublic scliools 
here. In 1884 he entered Ann Arbor Univer- 
sity, took a two years' law course, and graduated 
with the degree of LL. B. He ne.xt read law in 
the office of Judge George B. Solders, of Cleve- 
land, for two years, and in 1888 was admitted to 
the bar. For some time following his admission 
to the bar he was in the ofKce with Judge Sold- 
ers, and next was with W. D. Pudney. Later 
he formed a partnership with John A. Zangerle, 
under the name of Thieine vfe Zangerle. 

Mr. Thieme has taken an active and promi- 
nent part in politics. He has served as Chair- 
man of the Democratic County Central Com- 
mittee and has been a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Central Committee. 

In October 1893, he occupied the bench of 
the West Side Police Court, during the absence 
of Judge J. T. Logue; and he presided over 
that court with marked alnlity and dignity, 
adding new laurels to his already bright crown. 

'jl^j EV. J. P. MOLONY, who is the ai)le 
r^ and iionored priest in charge of the im- 
II ¥\ portant parish of St. Malachi's Roman 
V Catholic Church, in Cleveland, Ohio, 

was born in county Tipperary, Ireland, in the 
year 1829, the son of Daniel and Ann (Dwyer) 
Molony, both of whom were natives of the 
Emerald Isle, that land of legend and romance. 
The father was called to eternal rest many years 
ago, and the death of the mother occurred when 
her son, the subject of this review, was a youth 
of seventeen years. Both died in their native 
land and both were zealous and devout mem- 
l)urs of the Catiiolic Church. Our subject was 
the fifth in a fainily of six children, all of whom 
are living, one being a resident of California, 
one of Montana, and three of Aiistralia, where 
they are concerned in farming operations. The 

family comprised four girls and two boys, the 
one brother of our subject being at this time a 
resident of Australia. 

Father J. P. Molony received his preliminary 
education in Ireland, coming to the United 
States soon after attaining his majority, lie 
entered St. Mary's Seminary, on Lake street, 
Cleveland, and there pursued his theological 
studies under the direction of Bishop Rappe. 
He was ordained to the priesthood June 25, 
1859, at the same time as were Fathers Scanlon 
and O'Callaghan, Bishop Rappe, of honored 
memory, officiating at the ordination. 

Fatiier Molony's first parochial charge was at 
Defiance, Ohio, where he remained for two 
years, going thence to Napoleon, Henry county, 
assuming ciiarge of the entire missionary field 
extending from Ft. Wayne, Indiana, to Maumee 
City. He finally removed to Mansfield, Rich- 
land county, and there remained until 1864, 
when he came to Cleveland, which city has 
since been the field of his zealous labors. The 
organization of St. Malaclii's Church was per- 
fected in 1865, its membership being drawn 
principally from St. Patrick's parish. Prior to 
the erection of the present church edifice the 
congregation worshipped at St. Mary's, on the 
Flats. The early part of our subject's present 
pastorate was served under Bishop Rappe, and 
he now labors under the direction of Bishop 
Gilmour. Upon the organization of the church 
the membership represented about 800 or 900 
families, but the parish has now about 600 fam- 
ilies of church adherents. The decrease in 
membership is due to the fact that manu- 
facturing establishments have gradually en- 
croached upon the district, which twenty five 
years ago was almost entirely a residence por- 
tion. The Sunday-school has a membership of 
about 600 individuals. That Father Molony 
has carried forward the work in his parish 
faithfully and vigorously is evident from the 
permanent improvements that stand exponent 
ifor the success of his efforts. The first lot for 
the church was purchased in 1866 and further 

acquisitions iti tiiis 

i-ere made sul)se- 


quently. The cliurcli building is a beautiful 
])i-ick edifice, the corner-stone of which was laid 
in April, 1867, with imposing ceremonies, the 
Very Reverend A. Caron, V. G., officiating. 
The first mass in the new church was said on 
Christmas day, 1868, on which occasion the 
offerings borne to the altar aggregated $1,052. 
The dedicatory services were conducted by 
Archbishop Purcell, on the 5th of March, 1871. 
Tiiere are maintained in connection with the 
cliurch two parochial schools, — one on Pearl 
street for boys, and the other on Washington 
street, just west of the church, for girls. The 
parish is entirely free from indebtedness, — a 
a fact that bespeaks the executive and financial 
altility of Father Molony, through whose 
services this abundant prosperity has been 
brouglit about. The holdings of tlie church 
represent an expenditure of ^ fully 3115,000, 
while tlie actual valuation of the property will 
aggregate $126,000. 

Within the past twenty-five years, as shown 
by the parish records, there have been 4,752 
baptisms; 2,641 confirmations; 627 marriages, 
and 3,137 deaths. 

Father Molony was alone in the exercise of 
his priestly functions and incidental duties for 
a period of six years, after which time the exi- 
gencies of the work and the manifold calls upon 
his time and attention rendered imperative the 
securing of an assistant. The first to serve as 
incumbent in this position was Father T. M. 
Smyth, who remained for four years. He is 
now located at East Liverpool, Ohio. Father 
Kinkead was his successor, and served from Oc- 
tober, 1875, until January, 1877. He now has 
a charge at Defiance, Ohio. Father W. T. 
Fitzgerald was assistant at St. Malachi's from 
1877 to 1880, and died at Columbus, Ohio, soon 
after resigning the duties of the position noted. 
Father F. M. Scullin was the incumbent from 
1880 to 1882, and is now established at Niles, 
Ohio. Father John Hannin, who supplied the 
vacancy in the year last noted, and who re- 
mained for seven years, is now laboring in St. 
Calemas' Church in Cleveland. The present 

incumbent as assistant rector is Father John 
McIIale, who is an able coadjutor of Father 
Molony. In connection with the work of the 
parish eight different societies are maintained, 
provisions in this line being made for both old 
and young. 

Father Molony is an indefatigable worker, as 
may be judged from his visible accomplish- 
ments. As a financier his ability is unquestioned, 
while as a man and a priest he is in every way 
aluive reproach. 

Ir^ a gentleman too well known in Northern 
Jl 41 Ohio to necessitate much of an intro- 
^ duction. He is familiar to most resi- 

dents and exceedingly popular, not only in 
Cleveland bnt also the entire State of Ohio. 

He is a son of Charles F. and Regina Mar- 
guerite (La Pierre) Ricks, the mother being a 
daughter of a French officer. The father was 
of a good and esteemed Prussian family. His 
grandfather was a man of large means and en- 
gaged in the forwarding and commission busi- 
ness. He was the owner of a large number of 
horses and wagons for the transportation of 
goods from city to city, all of which Napoleon 
seized for the use of the French army in its 
German campaign of 1813. This seizure of his 
property came to him as a sudden and sweeping 
misfortune, and, depriving him of his business 
and property, left his sons dependent upon their 
own exertions for the future. The eldest bro- 
ther, remaining in Prussia, entered the army, 
served in the staff corps throughout the brilliant 
campaign against Austria in 1866, and during 
the last Franco-Prussian war he was a General 
of the staff of the late Emperor Frederick. He 
is now on the retired army list as " Wirklicher 
Geheimer Kriegs Rath a D," being retired after 
an active service of over fifty years. He now 
resides in Wiesbaden. 

Charles F. Ricks followed the tide of immi- 
gration to America, and coming to Ohio settled 


at Massillon, at that time one of the most im- 
portant towns in the State. Of this town he 
became a leading business man and served as its 
Postmaster two terms. In this town the sub- 
ject of this sketcli was born, February 10, 1843. 
His early scholastic training was received iu the 
public schools, and after graduating at the Mas- 
sillon high school he entered, in 1801, Kenyon 
College, then the foremost college in the AVest. 
While an undergraduate he joined the Philoma- 
thesian Literary Society, a secret organization 
founded in 1827, and also the Iota Chapter of 
the Psi Upsilon fraternity, which had but a few 
years before granted its Iota Chapter, which was 
the first chapter granted by it in any other than 
Eastern States. He did not graduate at Kenyon 
College, but left the institution to enter the 
Union army. Recently Kenyon conferred upon 
him the degree of LL. D. At the outbreaking 
of the Civil war the halls of old Kenyon were 
deserted, and in the spring of 1862 Mr. Ricks 
was found with a commission from Governor 
Tod for the purpose of recruiting a company in 
his native city of Massillon for the One Hundred 
and Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was 
commissioned by Governor Tod as First Lieu- 
tenant, and the captaincy of the company re- 
cruited was refused by him because of his youth 
and inexperience. He served throughout the 
war with honor and credit, being with General 
Burnside in East Tennessee at the capture of 
Cumberland Gap, at the siege of Knoxville and 
the operations of the army during the wiuter of 
1863-'64. He was detailed in January of 1864 
as aid- de-camp on the stati' of Brigadier- Gen- 
eral M. S. Hascall, commanding the Second Di- 
vision of the Twent^'-third Army Corps, and on 
this position he served throughout the Atlanta 
campaign. Iu June of 1S65 he served as aid- 
de-camp with rank of Captain on the staff of 
Major General J. D. Cox in Xorth Carolina, 
and thus at the close of the war we tind him 
serving with the rank of captain. 

After the close of the war he returned to his 
home in Massillon and there began reading law. 
During the war he became acquainted with East 

Tennessee and was impressed with the city of 
Knoxville, which invited him thither in Sep- 
tember of 1865. There he entered the law 
ofHce of the late Judge John Baxter, of the 
United States Circuit Court, and the following 
year became a member of the tirm of Baxter, 
Champion ife Ricks, which for years was one of 
the leading law firms in the State of Tennessee. 
In 1870 he was drawn into editorial work, 
rather against his inclinations, but to meet a 
supposed temporary emergency, without intend- 
ing to interrupt his practice as a lawyer. He 
became the editor and one of the founders of 
the Knoxville Daily Chronicle, the only Repub- 
lican daily paper then published in the Southern 
States outside of the city of Louisville. In 1875 
Mr. Ricks disposed of his interest in the Chroni- 
cle to the well known " Parson" Brownlow, and 
then returned to Massillon, Ohio, by reason of 
family and business considerations. At Mas- 
sillon he entered into a partnership with Judge 
Anson Pease in the practice of their profession. 
In March of 1878 he was made clerk of the 
United States Circuit Court for the Northern 
District of Ohio, receiving his appointment from 
Judge Baxter, his former partner, and in 1886 
he was appointed Clerk of the District Court 
by Judge Martin "Welker. From 1878 to 1889 
Mr. Ricks acted as Standing Master in Chancery 
for the Northern District of Ohio, and during 
that time he decided many important cases 
arising out of the foreclosure of what was then 
known as the " Narrow-Gauge System" of rail- 
roads, connecting Cincinnati, Toledo and St. 
Louis, the Wabash and other railroads, involv- 
ing large interests and new questions in mar- 
shaling, mortgage and other liens, and claims 
against railroads, and relating to the powers and 
authority of the United States courts in the 
operation of railroads through receivers. Many 
of his reports as Master were reviewed in the 
Supreme Court and all were sustained. Upon 
the retirement of Judge Welker from the United 
States District Court for the Northern Ohio 
District, in June of 1SS9, Capt. Ricks was ap- 
pointed Judge of this district by President liar- 

C<^^0^ ^^(^-i--^ 


rison. In this office Judge Ricks has displayed 
great ability, liis decisions being noted for their 
l)readth and accuracy. His decision in March, 
1893, in what is commonly known as the " Ann 
Arbor" case, involving tlie right of employees 
of railroads to quit the service of their employer 
without reference to conditions or circumstances 
under which they attempt to leave such employ- 
ment, attracted very general attention, and has 
been followed and approved in several recent 
and equally important cases. 

He has long since held a very high rank in 
his noble profession, and as a jurist and judge 
he is profound and learned. As a politician 
Judge Kicks has always been a firm and stanch 
Republican, but since accepting his present of- 
fice, the dignity, etiquette and usefulness of the 
same has not permitted him to take that inter- 
est and active part in the interests of the party 
which he would be inclined to under othei- cir- 
cumstances. He has always taken an enthusi- 
astic interest in Kenyon College, his alma mater, 
and has delivered lectures on Common Law and 
Code of Pleading. 

ILLIAM TAYLOR.— The late AVilliam 
,, Taylor, who was the head of the large 
1 wholesale and retail dry-goods house of 
"William Taylor, Son & Company, was one of 
Cleveland's most successful merchants and hon- 
ored citizens. He was a native of Scotland, 
born at Torphichen, Linlithgowshire, on July 
13, 1832, came to America when a young man 
and took a position in the dry-goods house of 
Hogg, Brown & Taylor, in Boston, his brother, 
John Taylor, being the junior member of that 
firm, which in its time was one of the largest 
in the country. From Boston Mr. Taylor re- 
moved to Nashua, New Hampshire, and engaged 
in the dry-goods business at that place until 
1870, when he came to Cleveland, accompanied 
by Thomas Kilpatrick, with whom he estab- 
lished the dry-goods house of Taylor, Kilpat- 
rick Aj Company, opening their store in the 

Gushing Block on Euclid avenue and the Public 
Square, the present location of the business. 
In January, 1885, Mr. J. Livingstone Taylor 
became a member of the firm, and this partner- 
ship was dissolved in 1886, Mr. Kilpatrick re- 
tiring. The firm then became William Taylor, 
Son & Company. During the latter part of 
the year 1887 Mr. Taylor's health began failing, 
and his death occurred on the 20th day of De- 
cember of that year. 

Mr. Taylor was a man of sterling worth and 
character. As a business man he was very 
successful and was widely known in commercial 
circles, particularly in the East. As a citizen 
he was all that could be desired, being enter- 
prising, public-spirited and patriotic. He was 
an active church member and worker, having 
been an Elder, Trustee and Sabbath-school 
teacher in the Woodland Avenue Presbyterian 
Church. In all the local charities he was most 
liberal in his contributions, and his direct dona- 
tions tu the deserving poor were large and time- 
ly. His desire to assist worthy young men in 
life resulted in the establishment in business of 
many who might otherwise have been forced to 
occupy subordinate positions in life, instead of 
becoming proprietors of establishments of their 
own. In all that pertained to Scotland Mi'. 
Taylor was an enthusiast. He was a life mem- 
ber of the Boston Scotts' Charitable Society, 
and of the Cleveland St. Andrew's Society, tak- 
ing an active and generous interest in the work 
of the latter organization. The St. Andrew's 
Society passed the following resolutions upon 
his death, which are a just tribute to the man 
and member: 

'■'■Resolved, That in the death of Mr. William 
Taylor, our society and the community has sus- 
tained an irreparable loss. By the urbanity of 
his manner, the integrity of his life, the sincer- 
ity of his friendship, and the genial, generous 
sunshine of his noble, manly nature, he en- 
deared himself to all who had the pleasure of 
making his acquaintance. The death of such a 
man is a public calamity, and while wc bow in 
tearful sorrow to the inscrutable providence 



that removed him from our midst, we neverthe- 
less are cheered bj the recollection that he illus- 
trated in his death, as in his life, the true nobil- 
ity of a Christian character. 

"Resolved, That we will sacredly cherish 
his memory in our hearts because of his many 
private virtues, his great moral worth and ex- 
cellent business qualities, his great executive 
ability and unflagging industry. Generous- 
hearted and sincere, his good riglit hand was 
ever ready to aid a friend. He never spoke ill 
of his fellow men or gave countenance to evil 
report, but on every occasion stood ready and 
willing to become the champion and defender 
of the oppressed. Many, very many, of his 
countrymen and other nationalities owe lasting 
debts of gratitude to him for repeated acts of 
disinterested kindness and unselfish eti'orts in 
their behalf. 

Resolved, That, as a testimonial of our af- 
fectionate memory of his noble deeds, we attend 
his funeral, as many as can conveniently, as a 
further expression of our sadness and sorrow, 
and extend to the bereaved family our heartfelt 
condolence, and that we be reminded in our 
business that in the midst of life we are in 

'•'■Resolved, That a copy of these minutes be 
presented to the family of the deceased brother, 
and that the same be spread on the records of 
the society." 

In Boston, in 1870, Mr. Taylor was united in 
married with Margaret Duncan, who was born 
in Ballachulish, Scotland, in 1835, and came to 
America in 1847. Mrs. Taylor survived her 
husband about two and a half years, and died 
on June 18, 1889. Four children were born in 
their family, one of whom, the late J. Livings- 
tone Taylor, survived childhood. Mrs. Taylor 
was one of the noble women of Cleveland. She 
was a devout Christian and church worker. 
By her good works was she known, by her ef- 
forts in behalf of the poor, by her devotion to 
tlie cause of charity. Never was an appeal 
made to lier in vain. She sought out the poor 
homes and gave freely of her ample 


means. Her soul lay in the work, and her many 
deeds of charity and kindness were performed 
in secret and an unostentatious manner, by the 
bedside of the sick and stricken, and among 
these who had need of her gentle voice and 
helping hand. Following the death of her hus- 
band Mrs. Taylor and son united with the Case 
Avenue Presbyterian Church. 

SAMUEL GLUCK, Secretary of the Jew- 
ish Hungarian Congregation, also engaged 
in the insurance business in Cleveland, 
was born in Hungary, February 28, 1830. His 
father, Jacob Gluck, died in that country 
about twenty-five years ago, at the age of sixty- 
five years. His widow came to the United 
States in 1880, and since that time has been an 
honored resident of Cleveland. She is now 
eighty-nine years of age. 

Samuel, their only son, received his education 
in Hungary and Germany, and followed mer- 
chandising at his native place until coming to 
America in 1879. Li 1848 he served nineteen 
months in the war between Austria, Russia and 
Hungary, having lield the position of First 
Corporal of his company, and took part in the 
battles of Kapalna, Buda Festli, Waitzen and 
others. He was never wounded or captured 
during his service. On coming to this country 
Mr. Gluck was in a terrific storm for six days, 
and death seemed imminent almost any moment. 
After arriving, he came direct to Cleveland, 
where he first sold medicine and later served as 
bookkeeper in a German passage business, also 
in the office of the Metropolitan Insurance Com- 
pany. He is now agent for several insurance 

Mr. Gluck was married in December, 1856, 
to Miss Hannah Grossman, a daughter of Moses 
Grossman, formerly of Germany, but long since 
deceased. They have had six children, viz.: 
Fannie, wife of Fritz Kohn, of Hungary, and 
their children are Hugo and Josephine; Ilar- 
mine, wife of Ignatz "Wies, also of Hungary, 


and tliey have two sons and two daughters; 
Rigiem, wife of Morris Klein, of New York; 
Laura, wife of Solomon Uliner, of New Straits- 
ville, Ohio, and their four children are Willie, 
Jakie, P'raiikie and Martha; Pauline, married 
and living in Omaha; and Linka, wife of D. 
Samliner, of Colorado, and they have two chil- 
dren, Gerome and Helen Root. The family 
are members of the Jewish Congregation. Mr. 
Gluck is a member of the Sons of Benjamin, 
Berith Abraham and the Equitable Union. 

member of the Board of Equalization and 
Assessment, was born near Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, January 1, 1840. At seven years of 
age he was thrown upon his own resources. In 
1844 his mother died and his father, Thomas 
Molyneaux, removed with liis children to Elmira, 
New York. Young Josepii attended school very 
little, being employed providing for that sup- 
port which ought to be guaranteed to every child 
of immature years. In 1852 he was dispatch 
messenger, operating between New York city 
and Dunkirk. He was ne.xt emploj'ed as bell- 
boy by Henry Rogers, proprietor of the Ameri- 
can House at Binghamton, New York. He 
spent one year with Professor Lowe, afterward 
the famous aeronaut, who was giving magical 
performances about the country. Leaving the 
professor at Bellville, Ohio, he came to Cleve- 
land, after first studying medicine about one 
year in the office of Dr. Whitcomb. He set 
about learning the printer's trade in the office of 
Wicks & Williston, job printers, and was with 
them and with the old Herald till the breaking 
out of the Civil war. 

Mr. Molyneaux entered the service of the 
Union early in 1861, enlisting as a private in 
Company B, Captain DeVilliers, Seventh Ohio 
Regiment, Colonel E. B. Tyler. This regiment 
was organized for three months' service, during 
which period Mr- Molyneaux was made a Ser- 

geant and drill master of his company, and 
upon reaching Camp Dennison he was made drill 
master of the non- commissioned officers of the 
regiment. Upon tiie reorganization of the reg- 
iment in June, 1861, for three yeai-s' service, 
Sergeant Molyneaux was unanimously elected 
First Lieutenant of his company, James Sterling 
being chosen Captain. The regiment was or- 
dered into western Virginia and was immediately 
called into action, the first engagement being at 
Cross Lanes, August 26, 1861. In quick suc- 
cession followed the engagements at Fayetteville, 
Dogwood Gap, McCoy's Mill, Ballou's Gap and 
Bloomery Furnace, at which last place another 
battle was fought during a later campaign. In 
September, 1861, Captain Molyneaux was 
detailed, immediately after the Cross Lanes 
engagement, by Colonel Tyler to assume com- 
mand of Company E of the same regiment. 
Another detailed order terminated a brief ser- 
vice with this company, placing him in command 
of a company of the First Kentucky Regiment, 
and the day following his assuming command 
he was ordered to proceed from Camp Enyart 
across the Kanawha river in pursuit of General 
Imboden's cavalry, who were relieving the 
country of many of its surplus cattle. This 
expedition was successful. 

About December 1, 1861, a detachment of the 
regiment, with Captain Molyneaux in command 
of two companies, participated in the pursuit by 
General Benham, of Generals Floyd and Wise, 
up Loop creek, over Cotton mountain and 
through Fayetteville, nearly to Raleigh, Vir- 
ginia. Upon returning from this brief cam- 
paign in January, 1862, Captain Molyneaux was 
promoted to be Adjutant of the regiment. He 
accompanied General Lander as a volunteer aide 
on a raid in which more prisoners were taken 
than the number of Federal soldiers engaged in 
the fight. 

Genei-al Lander's death occurred soon after- 
ward, and Captain Molyneaux was given com- 
mand of the escort consisting of the entire divi- 
sion of the army, to conduct the remains from 
the general's headquarters to the train. 


Captain ]\[ol_yiieaux was with his regiment in 
the battles of Strasbiirg, Winchester, Edenbnrg, 
Gaines Cross Eoads, White Plains, Front Eojal, 
Port Kepnblic, Bristow station and Cedar 
mountain, in which last engagement he had two 
horses shot from under him, and received three 
wonnds, — in the head, the right hand and the 
left leg. His wounds were healed in quarters 
and he remained on duty most of the time. He 
was present at the battle of Antietam, Berry- 
ville and Dumfries, and just prior to the last 
named engagement and after three times waiving 
his rank he was promoted to a captaincy, being 
assigned to the command of Company A, Seventh 
Regiment. He accepted the promotion reluct- 
antly, but remained in command of his company 
till after 18G3, when his disability forced him to 
resign his commission. 

Soon after his return to Cleveland Captain 
Molyneaux was prevailed upon to take command 
of a newly organized company, afterward Com- 
pany E, One Hundred and Fiftieth Oiiio 
National Guards, 100 men. This regiment was 
ordered to Washington, District of Columbia, 
and Captain Molyneaux was assigned to the 
command of FortTliayer, near Bladensburg, and 
took jiart in the repulse of General Early's 
attack on the capital. Upon the expiration of 
its time of service this company returned to 
Cleveland and was mustered out in August, 

On re-entering civil pursuits Captain Moly- 
neaux arranged a partnership with G. S. New- 
burg and engaged in the printing and printers' 
supply business, continuing in the business till 
January, 1883, when he received the appoint- 
ment of Deputy County Recorder. This office 
he tilled until June 1, 1886, when he was 
appointed Assistant Postmaster, by Postmaster 
Jones, serving until relieved by the new admin- 
istration in May, 1891. In May, 1892, Captain 
Molyneaux was appointed to serve on the Board 
f)f Equalization and Assessment for three years. 

Tliomas Molyneaux, the founder of the family 
in this country, was born in Ireland and emi- 
grated to America in 18;32, and in company 

with two brothers-in-law settled on a farm near 
Ann Arbor, Michigan. The Molyneaux family 
were of French origin, the Captain's grand- 
father being compelled to leave the land of the 
Bonapartes because he got on the wrong side of 
the Revolution of 1793. Thomas Molyneaux 
married Margaret Twambly, whose father, Peter 
Twambly, was an Irish tobacconist. 

Four sons were born by this marriage: Robert, 
now a resident of Elmira, New York; Henry 
and Thomas, both killed in battle; and Joseph 
B. Thomas Molyneaux was lost at sea while 
returning to Ireland to become an inheritor in 
an estate of the family. 

May 26, 1863, Captain Molyneaux married, 
in Cleveland, Nettie, a daughter of William A. 
Lyon, an engineer and pattern-maker, and later 
in life an enthusiastic Freemason. The Captain's 
children are: William V., a clerk in the post 
office; Robert T. and Ray L. 

He is a member of Iris Lodge and Webb 
Chapter ,A. F. & A. M., of the National Union, 
the Loyal Legion, and of the G. A. R. He 
is a member of the Soldiers and Sailors' Monu- 
ment Commission. 

J|OHN THOMAS, prominent in life insur- 
[ ance circles, was born at Duanesburg, 
-^ Schenectady county. New York, in 1838. 
His father was the Rev. W. B. Thomas, 
rector of the Episcopal Church at that place, 
and his paternal grandfather was Dr. John 
Thomas of Poughkeepsie, New York, who was 
a surgeon in the Revolutionary war, being a 
personal friend of General George Washington. 
Mr. Thomas' mother was a daughter of Henry 
Livingston, a (^olunial officer of the American 

While he was yet a cliiM, Mr. Thomas' par- 
ents removed to Poughkeepsie, New York, 
their birth-place, and here they educated their 
son at the Dutchess County Academy, and other 
schools. In his fifteenth year lie acquired the 
art of telegraphy at the regular commercial 
office of the city- He became an expert opera- 



tor, and was appointed to a position on the 
Western division of the New York & Erie 
Railroad. After one year's service he was made 
chief operator of one of the larger offices, and 
in the course of another jear was appointed 
chief operator of that division of the line, with 
an ofKce at Jersey City, where he remained 
about eighteen months, at the close of which he 
accepted the position of telegraphic train dis- 
patcher on the Michigan Central Kailroad with 
his office at Kalamazoo, Michigan. His age 
was eighteen at tiie time of accepting this re- 
sponsible position, which he held for seven years. 
In 1863 he obtained leave of absence for the 
purpose of offering his services to the Govern- 
ment during the Civil war. For a time he 
served in the telegraphic corps of the army, and 
was then appointed train despatchcr of the 
United States military railroads, with the office 
at Alexandria, Virginia, those roads being 
under the superintendence of Mr. J. H. Dever- 
eux. In the spring of 1864, Mr. Devereiix 
having accepted the appointment of superin- 
tendent of the Cleveland & Pittsburg Railroad, 
Mr. Thomas took the position of superintendent 
of telegraph and train despatcher on the same 
road, having previously made formal resignation 
of his position on the Michigan Central Rail- 
road. In 1868 Mr. Thomas was made assistant 
superintendent of the Cleveland & Pittsburg 
Railroad under superintendent William Stewart, 
who succeeded to Mr. Devereux" vacated post. 
In 1871, the Pennsylvania Company, under the 
general management of Mr. J. JM. McCullough, 
who was also president of the Cleveland & 
Pittsburg Railroad, leased the Cleveland & 
Pittsburg road for 999 years. Mr. Stewart was 
made general freight agent for all western lines, 
and Mr. Thomas superintendent of .the Cleve- 
land & Pittsburg Division. This position Mr. 
Thomas held for more than ten years. On en- 
tei-ing the service of the Cleveland & Pittsburg 
Company, in 1864, his office was in Wellsville, 
at which point he resided until 1872, when he 
removed to Cleveland, having built a residence 
on Willson avenue, in that city. 

In 1866 he suggested the establishment of 
the Cleveland & Pittsburg Railroad Reading 
Room Association. This association now has a 
fine library of over 2,000 volumes, located in 
the station building at Wellsville. 

In 1869 he took a very active part in the 
erection of the Episcopal Church in Wellsville, 
and soon after a rectory also. An excursion by 
rail to Cleveland, and by steam on Lake Erie, 
netted a considerable sum to the church build- 
ing fund. In 1870 Mr. Thomas was largely 
instrumental in the preparation of a code of 
rules and regulations for the working of the 
Cleveland & Pittsburg road, which in actual 
operation proved very siiccessfal. Later, and 
under the management of Mr. J. D. Layng, 
then general manager of the Pennsylvania Com- 
pany, a special committee of superintendents 
was appointed to prepare a code of rules for 
the governance of all the western lines of the 
Pennsylvania Company. Of this committee, 
Mr. Thomas was made chairman. The work of 
this committee, when submitted to the general 
manager and other general officers, was ap- 
proved, and the code of rules so prepared con- 
tinued in force for a number of years. 

In January, 1882, Mr. Thomas was tendered — 
and accepted — the position of general superin- 
tendent of the Chicago Division of the Balti- 
more & Ohio Railroad Company, with head- 
quarters in Chicago. This position he retained 
for one year and three months, when he resigned 
and at once returned to the service of the 
Pennsylvania Company as general superin- 
tendent of all northwestern lines, except the 
Cleveland & Pittsburg Railroad. This position 
he retained about two years and a half, with his 
residence at Pittsburg. He then returned to the 
Cleveland & Pittsburg Division of the Penn- 
sylvania lines, and again resided in Cleveland. 
He held the position of superintendent and 
later general agent of the company in Cleveland. 
In August, 1892, he resigned railroad service. 
He had entered that service when fourteen 
years of age, and he resigned at the age of fifty- 
four, — just forty years of service. His resig- 


nation was teudered in order to accept the 
general agency for Northern Ohio of the 
Berksliire Life Insurance Company of Mas- 
sachusetts, iu which position he has charge of 
tlie Cleveland ofSce. In 1S93 Mr. Thomas was 
elected a member of the executive committee of 
the Life Underwriters' Association, and a dele- 
gate to the National Convention. 

From youth, Mr. Thomas has been a member 
of the Episcopal Church. He has for many 
years been a member of St. Paul's parish in 
Cleveland, and was for a long time the superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school. He has many 
times been a delegate to the diocesan convention 
of the church, and the convention of 1893 
elected him treasurer of the diocese of Ohio. 

October 17, 1865, Mr. Thomas married Miss 
Elizabeth Bean, of WellsviUe, Ohio. She died 
after a very brief illness, in May, 18G9. Two 
sons, John and Hugh Livingston, were born 
in this family, the eldest of whom, John, died 
in early infancy. 

February 7, 1877, Mr. Thomas married 
Miss Margaret H. Bouton of Brooklyn, New 
York, and the marriage has been blessed by the 
Ijirtli of two daughters. Marguerite Livingston 
and Helen Electa. 

Iy R. F. E. BUNTS, physician and surgeon 
Ij of Cleveland, was born in Youngstown, 
— -^ Mahoning county, Ohio, June 3, 18G1, a 
son of Captain William C. and Clara (Barnhisel) 
Bunts, natives also of this State. His father 
was an attorney, and at the time of his death, 
January 17, 1874, at the age of forty-one years, 
was serving his second term as City Solicitor 
for Cleveland. 

In 18G2 he enlisted iu the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in Com- 
pany B, as Captain, Ijut, owing to poor health, 
lie soon resigned his position and served as 
Judge Advocate, and later as acting Assistant 
Adjutant General on the staff of Major General 
Ilosecrans, at Nashville, and reniained in that 


Returning to Cleveland in 1866, he was 
United States District Attorney until elected 
City Solicitor. For a young man he had a very 
bright legal career before him; was extensively 
and favorably known throughout the State. He 
had a peculiar individuality that made his friend- 
ships sincere and lasting. He was Department 
Commander of Ohio in the G. A. R. for two 
years; was prominent in politics, a Republican 
and a Freemason. His greatest interest, how- 
ever, was in the work of the Grand Army post. 
His wife, born in 1838, is living with Dr. Bunts 
in Cleveland. The children in the above fam- 
ily were: Henry C, an attorney in Cleveland; 
F. E., our subject; Cora L., wife of John Stam- 
baugh, Jr., of Youngstown; Fred W.and Sue A. 

Di'. Bunts, whose name heads this sketch, 
was educated in the Cleveland high school and 
at Girard, where he received from General Gar- 
field the appointment of Cadet Midshipman to 
the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, in 
1877. In the competitive examination at War- 
ren he stood No. 1. Graduating in 1881, he 
made a two years' cruise to the Asiatic Station, 
visiting the islands of the South Pacific and the 
principal ports of China and Japan. On this 
expedition he served as signal officer on the 
staff of Rear Admiral J. M. B. Clitz. He 
visited the island of Samoa, later the scene of 
the disaster in which three United States vessels 
and several German ships were lost. One class- 
mate, Lieutenant F. E. Sutton, was among tlie 
lost. Dr. Bunts was detached from the Asiatic 
Station in order to come home for promotion, 
reaching home in June, 1883, after an absence 
of two years. He passed the examination, then 
resigned and commenced the study of medicine, 
in the fall of 1883. His preceptor was Dr. 
W. J. Scott, of Cleveland, and he graduated in 
the medical department of the Western Reserve 
University, in 1886. Then, until October fol- 
lowing, he was house physician at tMiarity Hos- 
pital. Next, associating himself with Dr. P'rank 
J. Weed, he opened up in general practice. Dr. 
Weed died in 1891, and Dr. Bunts is now 
located at No. 3S0 Pearl street. He is a mem- 


ber of the American Medical Association, the 
Ohio State Medical Society, tlie Cuyahoga County 
Medical Society, the Cleveland Society of Medi- 
cal Sciences and of the Ohio State Eailway As- 
sociation; he is also a Fellow of the American 
Electro-tlierapeutic Association. lie is surgeon 
for the Cleveland, Cincinnati & St. Louis Rail- 
road Company and of the New York, Cliicago 
& St. Louis Railroad Company. He was made 
lecturer on minor surgery in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Wooster in 1887, 
Professor of the same in 1888, Professor of the 
Principles of Surgery in 1889, and Professor of 
Principles of Surgery and Clinical Surgery in 
1892, which latter position he filled until 1894, 
when lie resigned and accepted the same chair 
in the Medical College of tlie Western Reserve 

In the autumn of 1889 and spring of 1890, 
Dr. Bunts was in Berlin, Paris, Vienna and 
London, studying surgery in the hospitals of 
those cities. Dr. Bunts is well read in his pro- 
fession, in which he takes great pride and ex- 
hibits a high degree of skill. 

In 1889 the Doctor married Miss Harriet E. 
Taylor, a daughter of V. C. Taylor, of Cleve- 
land, and they have two children. Their names 
are Clara Louise and Virgil Taylor. The Doc- 
tor is a Republican in his political sympathies. 


C. ROLAND, cashier of the Cleveland 
post office, was born in Ohio county, West 
Virginia, November 26, 1846. His grand- 
father, Abram Roland, emigrated to that county 
from eastern Pennsylvania, where the family 
had been settled many years, near Lancaster. 
Abram Roland first left home at fourteen years 
of age, but remained in Pennsylvania until his 
marriage to Miss Cline, after which he settled 
in what became known as West Liberty, West 
Virginia, near Wheeling. The valley in which 
Wheeling is situated was not then even a settle- 
ment, the Zano block-house famous in Indian 
warfare l)eino; built about that time. Mr. 

Roland was a powerfully built and active man, 
and was identified with many of the stirring 
events which marked the early history of Ohio 
county. Being a tanner, he established yards 
at West Liberty and conducted his trade there 
for fully fifty years, or until his death, which 
occurred about 1840. 

George W. Roland, the father of the subject 
of this sketch, was born July 24, 1812, being 
one of the youngest of a large family of chil- 
dren. In early life he was a very active and 
successful business man: was a contractor and 
builder in Wheeling, and many of her best 
buildings bear testimony to his workmanship. 
Prior to the war he operated a large planing- 
mill in that city. In 1863 he moved to Belmont 
county, Ohio, and engaged in farming as well as 
building. In 1870 he moved to Dallas county, 
Iowa, and gave his time to agriculture till his 
death, in March, 1892. He married Susan Ann, 
a daughter of George Brown, who was a farmer 
of Jefferson county, Ohio, and they had six chil- 
dren, two of whom reached the age of maturity, 
namely: Mrs. Elizabeth McCoy, of Chillicothe, 
Missouri; and J.C. Roland. Mrs. Roland died 
in 1848, and Mr. Roland, in 1850, married 
Rebecca Anne Moore. The children by that 
union were: J. M., a jeweler at Greenville, 
Pennsylvania; and Mrs. Anna Clark, of Dallas 
county, Iowa. The third marriage of Mr. Ro- 
land occurred in 1857, when he wedded Mary 
Ann Faris, and their children are: George B., 
William F. and Arthur W., — all of whom are 
located in the far West. 

Mr. J. C. Roland was educated in the public 
schools of Wheeling, completing the course at 
fourteen years of age, and soon afterward en- 
gaged in the jewelry business with a brother- 
in-law at Grafton, same State; but the business 
was cut short early by young Roland's enlist- 
ment for the Union in the great war. August 
7, 1862, at Wheeling, he joined Company II, 
Fifteenth West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. 
His regiment remained in that State until the 
spring of 1864, when it was transferred to the 
Kanawha valley and attached to General Crook's 


division of the Ai-my of West Virginia. It 
participated in the battles of Cloyd mountain 
and Xew river bridge, May 9 and 10, and, join- 
ing General Hunter at Staunton, Yirginia, par- 
ticipated in the engagement at Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia, June 17 and 18. On the failure of the 
army to reduce the place, it retreated by way ot 
the Kanawha, Charleston and the upper Ohio 
to Harper's Ferry, which point it reached in 
time to follow General Early and engage him at 
Island Ford, Kernstown, Berryville, Opequan, 
Fisher's Hill and Cedar creek. In December, 
1864, Mr. Roland's division of the Army of 
Western Virginia was transferred and made a 
part of the Second Division of the Twenty-fourth 
Army Corps, Army of the James, and thrown 
in front of Richmond, later to the left and center 
of Petersburg, taking active part in the opera- 
tions around that city. After the fall of Peters- 
burg his division followed and supported Sheri- 
dan's cavalry to Appomatto.x Court House, and 
was in front at the attack on the remnant of 
Lee'e array and the capture of the same, April 
9, 1805. Mr. Roland's division took possession 
of Lynchburg, and soon afterward marched to 
Richmond, and was mustered out June 14, 
1805. During the latter part of his sei-vice Mr. 
Roland was attached to brigade headquarters as 
Chief Orderly. 

On returning to civil pursuits Mr. Roland 
was engaged for two years in building opera- 
tions with his father. In December, 1869, he 
came to Cleveland and connected himself with 
the Plain-dealer as advertising solicitor. Later 
he served as secretary and business manager of 
the concern, and after the paper changed hands 
was manager of the advertising department. In 
1887 he accepted his present position under 
Postmaster Armstrong. He is an active mem- 
lier of the G. A. R., being a member of the 
Army and Navy Post. In 1873-74 he was 
Assistant Adjutant General of the Department 
of Ohio. He is frequently a delegate to State 
and national encampments, and is a Past Com- 
mander of his post, and a meml)er of the Depart- 
ment Council of Administration. 

November 2, 1869, Mr. Roland married 
Louise, a daughter of Hon. A. C. Ramage, of 
Belmont county, Ohio. Their children are Mary 
Louise and John C, Jr. 

DE FORREST BAKER, one of the lead- 
1 ing physicians of Cleveland, located in 
— ' ' the Kendall Building, 106 Euclid ave- 
nue, was born in Lorain county, Ohio, Septem- 
ber 17, 1851, a son of Benjamin and M. U. 
Baker. In his early life the fatlier was a mer- 
chant in New York city, next engaged in mill- 
ing at Columbia, Lorain county, Ohio, and 
afterward traded his mill for a farm in that 
county, where he still resides, aged eighty-one 
years. For many years he has been an officer 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. Baker 
departed this life December 22, 1860, having 
also been a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. They were the parents of three chil- 
dren. The eldest, Bethia W., is still at home. 
The second child, Merrill E., was formerly en- 
gaged in railroading, and is now superintendent 
of the Cleveland Stone Company at the West 
View Stone Quarry. For the past thirty-three 
yeai-s he has been Recording Steward in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and has also been 
Superintendent of the Sunday-school for many 
years. Mr. Baker married Eugenia M., a 
daughter of Rev. Disbro, pastor of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church. To this union has been 
born one daughter, Edith, wife of Professor 
Palmer, of Lake Forest University, Illinois. 

De Forrest Baker, the youngest child in the 
abova family, received his education in the 
Baldwin University. He studied medicine with 
Dr. Van Norman, later with Dr. Boynton, and 
graduated at the Homceopathic Hospital Col- 
lege of Cleveland, in February, 1878. After 
practicing his profession in Norwalk, Ohio, for 
a time. Dr. Baker came to Cleveland, and the 
firm of Van Norman & Baker was established. 
That partnership existed four years. The Doc- 
tor is a memlier of the Ohio State Homceopathic 



Medical Society, is a charter member of the 
Hound Table Club, is Lecturer to the School of 
Trained Nurses at the Pluron Street Hospital, 
and professor of psediatrics and diseases of the 
nervous system in the Cleveland University of 
Medicine and Surgery. 

Dr. Baker was married October 19, 1881, to 
Miss Carrie Day, a daughter of I. D. and Eliza- 
Ijeth Wagar, of Lakewood, Ohio. Mrs. Baker 
is an artist in oil painting and music, and a 
member of the New Jerusalem Church. Our 
subject and wife have had two children: Hazel 
Urania, and Elizabeth, who died at the age of 
four and a half months. In political matters 
the Doctor affiliates with the Republican party. 

I| LIVINGSTONE TAYLOR, deceased, son 
J^ ll of tlie late William and Margaret(Duncan) 
Vi^ Taylor, was one of Cleveland's most prom- 
inent young business men and citizens, having 
succeeded his father as the liead of the large 
dry-goods house of William Taylor, Son & Com- 

Mr. Taylor was born in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, on November 12, 1861, and came with 
his parents to Cleveland when nine years of 
age. He received his education in the public 
schools of Cleveland, his earliest education, 
however, having been received from his moth- 
er. He was an ambitious student and grad- 
uated at an early age, with honors, from 
the Cleveland Central High School, being a 
member of the first graduating class at that in- 
stitution. Upon leaving school he entered the 
ilry-goods house of Taylor, Kilpatrick & Com- 
pany, taking a subordinate position as a clerk, 
it being the desire of both himself and father 
that he work his way up from the lowest con- 
sistent position to a place in the firm, receiving 
promotion as he earned it, and thus becoming a 
pi'actical merchant. He was energetic, pains- 
taking and attentive to his duty in all the de- 
tails, and his advancement was rapid from a 
jilace beliind the counter to one of responsibil- 

ity in the wholesale department, and thence to 
a membership in the firm, which became Will- 
iam Taylor, Son & Company, in 1886. Upon 
the death of his father in 1889 he succeeded hitn 
as tlie head of the firm. 

He was married on April 30, 1890, to Miss 
Sophia Strong, daughter of Mr. Charles H. 
Strong, one of the well known pioneer citizens 
of Cleveland. Mr. Taylor's death occurred on 
November 7, 1892. His business interests 
upon his death were taken up by Mrs. Taylor, 

There was much in the life of Mr. Taylor 
worthy of emulation l)y the rising generation, 
and it is the ol)ject of this brief sketch to pre- 
serve for the future the salient points in his 
character. Though but thirty-on<3 years of age, 
his success in business was far beyond that of 
the average man of iiis years, and his reputa- 
tion in commercial cii-cles, both at home and 
aljroad, was most enviable. The establishment 
of which he was the head was one of the largest 
and naost substantial in the State of Ohio, and 
it was due to a great extent to his eflPorts and 
methods that it reached the proud position it 
then and now occupies. He was a member of 
the Board of Trade of Cleveland, and was in- 
terested in public matters to the extent of lend- 
ing his aid to all movements having for tiieir 
aim the building up, beautifying and edifying 
of the city. But it was aside from the busy 
marts of commerce and business that the char- 
acter of Mr. Taylor was most beautiful, his 
worth as a Christian man and worker overshad- 
owing somewhat the brilliant man of business. 
He was a member of the Case Avenue Presby- 
terian Church, and was one of the most active 
and persistent workers in the church. His pas- 
tor paid the following tribute to the life of Mr. 

" His godliness was a particularly prominent 
trait in his character. There are two conditions 
in which it is liard to Uvea truly religious life — 
in poverty, and in prosperity. I can easily un- 
derstand how heavy business responsibilities 
and cares may tend to draw a man's attention 
away fr.;>in religious matters, but such was not 


the case with Mr. Taj lor. He was present at 
the regular meetings of his church, the morn- 
ing preaching, the evening service, the prayer 
meeting. I ever knew jnst where to cast my 
eyes to find him. He was always faithful in 
attendance so long as his health remained. 
When, one by one, the activities of his life were 
given up, I knew that his devotion to God was 
as great as ever. There were three things that 
characterized his life and made it round and 
complete. They were his godliness, his truth- 
fulness and his manner of taking God into his 
affairs of life." 

Another minister, and a warm personal friend, 
compared the life of Mr. Taylor as a wliole with 
that of John the Baptist, whose allotted work 
was finished before his death, and said: "As 
one to whom the departed brother was as a 
son, I feel that I can answer the question, 'Why 
was his life so brief?' It was because his work 
was finished, his allotted task ended, his course 
fulfilled. His life was not a failure, not an un- 
completed fragment, but a full, round exist- 

The following tribute is from a co-laborer in 
Y. M. C. A. work: 

" He was first a clerk in his father's store, 
soon a partner, and a little later on he suddenly 
had the responsibilities of an enormous whole- 
sale and retail business thrust upon him, at the 
age of twenty-six, by the death of his father. 
Then rapidly increasing cares, a steadily enlarg- 
ing business, trebling in five years, expanding 
wealth, a widely known business man, the head 
of one of the largest establishments in Ohio, 
and all this before he was thirty. This was the 
world's view of the rising young man. But 
from the standpoint of personal friendships he 
was most of all and foremost of all a devoted, 
humble, earnest Christian. He was a rare and 
beautiful example of sterling manhood. Fol- 
lowing in the footsteps of his remarkable moth- 
er, he was a devoted Bible student, of unusual 
attainments. He was an able personal worker, 
an earnest, vigorous speaker, in association busi- 
ness affairs one of the wisest and shrewdest 

counselors, and an untiring officer. He made 
money rapidly, but ever and only for his Mas- 
ter's glory; the larger the profits, the greater 
the proportion given back to the Lord. In an 
absolutely literal sense Jesus of Xazareth was 
a partner in the business, and Mr. Taylor was 
always on the lookout for places to wisely in- 
vest the proportion of profits belonging to the 
Lord. He had a right view of the purposes of 
life, and he had a right idea of the proper re- 
lations between employer and employed. The 
moral responsibility of an employer and the 
purpose of business in life were both well un- 
derstood by him. He held a right view of the 
stewardship of money. I have heard him say 
that he would never allow himself to become a 
millionaire, and he gave himself wholly to his 
convictions. His views upon the subject of the 
observance of the Sabbath were very strict, and 
he was most careful in following them. He 
would allow no work to be done about the store 
on Sunday under any consideration, and all 
those connected with him were fully aware of 
his convictions upon this point." 

Mr. Taylor was twice president of the Y. M. 
C. A. of Cleveland, and the following resolu- 
tions were adopted by that organization upon 
his death: 

" Whereas, It has pleased our Divine Mas- 
ter to remove from our association ranks, by 
death, our beloved brother John Livingstone 
Taylor, from May 1, 1889, to his death a direc- 
tor, and for two years, ending May 1, 1892, its 
president; and 

" Whereas, His sudden departure has strick- 
en our hearts with an overwhelming sense of 
the irreparable loss we have sustained, we, the 
board of dii'ectors of this association, desire to 
give expression in some fitting manner to his 
beloved companion, his business associates, and 
the community at large, of our appreciation of 
his warm-hearted loyalty and his wise counsels 
in aid of the work for young men in this city. 
Therefore, be it 

'^Jief:'ilved, That in the death of John Liv- 
ingstone Taylor this association has lost a true 



friend, one whose noble example of sterling 
Cliristian manhood, bnsiness integrity, and true 
benevolence must leave its impress for good, 
upon the minds and hearts of all who knew 
him ; one who was a kind and faithful employer, 
with a deep and earnest responsibility for the 
highest interests of those whom he employed; 
and one who was ever ready, by his influence, 
and his means, as God had prospered him, to 
push forward the work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and advance the cause of 
Ciirist's kingdom in our midst. 

"•Resolved, That we extend our fraternal 
sympathy to the church in whose communion 
our brother worshiped; to the several benevo- 
lent organizations in this city, who ever found 
in him a warm, generous, constant friend, and 
to the missionaries of the cross in remote parts 
of the world, who have had cause to know, by 
reason of his unsparing gifts to them, how far 
his aid lias gone in relieving the burdens of the 
suffering and bringing souls to tlie foot of the 

^'■Resolved, That we bow in iiumble submis- 
sion to tiie will of him whose ' ways are past 
finding out,' and may ' the God of peace, that 
peace which passeth all understanding,' bless us 
and cause his face to shine upon us, that we 
may be guided in this life to a closer emulation 
of tlie example of our departed brother; and 
may his memory speak to us, though liis voice 
lie silent; and may his life be a benediction to 
us, and at last may we meet and commune with 
him in the upper and better kingdom. 

^'■Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 
be presented to his bereaved companion, and 
that they be engrossed upon the records of tlie 

Mr. Taylor was also an active member and 
oflicial of the " Floating Bethel," which society 
adopted the following resolution on his death: 

" Whereas, John Livingstone Taylor, one of 
the board of directors, who, on November 7, 
18U2, was called to a glorious future by the 
Savior he so much loved, honored and served, 
we feel our loss is very great; he was one of 

our most cheerful counseloi-s and conti-ibutors; 
no worthy missionary cause did he ever pass by; 
like the disciples of old, wiio gave the loaves 
and fishes to the Master to be blessed before 
they gave to the multitude, so he sought God's 
blessing upon his gifts; the fragments of his 
gifts when gathered up will be very great, for 
he cast his bread upon the wa ter, believing that 
he should find it after many days; therefore 

"■Resolved, That we extend to his widow our 
sympathy in her great bereavement. Her loss 
is felt by all who knew him. May God help 
her to bear her sorrow! " 

The charity of Mr. Taylor to all worthy ob- 
jects was unfailing and formed one of the chief 
characteristics of his life, yet it was given in a 
most humble and unostentatious way, and the 
good he did in this line will serve to long keep 
green his memory to those who were the recipi- 
ents of his generosity, both in money and in 
kind, sympathetic words of cheer and comfort. 

/ Rector of Emmanuel Protestant Episco- 
^ pal Church of Cleveland, was born in 
Knox county, Ohio, March 17, 1848. 
Norman W. and Maria (Douglass) Putnam were 
his parents. His father was a native of Ver- 
mont and his mother of New York. In early 
life the father was a teacher of music and let- 
ters in New England and Northern New Y^ork. 
He came to Ohio in 1829, driving all the way 
in a wagon. He was a relative of Bishop 
Chase, at whose invitation became to Ohio and 
settled in Gambler, where he lived until 1892, 
when lie died, at the age of ninety-two years. 
For many years lie was in mercantile business 
at Gambler, but in his later days purciiased a 
farm and lived near that village. Being a man 
of a high order of intelligence and considerable 
literary attainment he furnished many valuable 
articles to various newspapers; was a thorough 
musician and a singer of ability, and a man of 
genial spirit and charitable disposition. In 



many ways he was a remarkable man. For 
many years he was a Vestryman of Hareourt 
Parish, Gambler, and at times the leader of its 
clioir as well as its organist. In politics he al- 
ways took considerable interest, first being a 
Whig and later a Eepublican. His wife, of 
Scotch extraction and an amiable and good 
woman, died in 1886, at the age of seventy- 
three years. Through life she was a devout 
member of the Episcopal Cliurch. Her grand- 
parents, Thomas and Margaret Douglass, were 
married in 1769, came to America in 1776 and 
settled in New Jersey. The subject of this 
sketch is one of ten children, of whom five are 
living. The names of these children are: Anna 
E., Donglass, Eufus, Margaret R., John Henry, 
Maria Louisa, Albert Bronson, Mary (first) de- 
ceased, Mary (second) deceased and Frank. 

Donglass Putnam was in the Eleventli Eegi- 
ment of Indiana Volunteers in the war of the 
Rebellion and for three months served under 
General Lew AVallace. At the e.\piration of 
tiiis term lie enlisted in tiie Forty-third Indi- 
ana, in which he served until the close of the 
war. For several years he was quartermaster, 
being later promoted to a captaincy. He died 
in 1879, at the age of forty- three years. 

John H. Putnam graduated at Kenyon Col- 
lege in 1864, and immediately enlisted i n the 
Forty-third Indiana Regiment, in which lie 
served till the close of the war. In 1879 he 
died at Topeka, Kansas, where lie had gained 
considerable reputation as an attorney at law. 

Rev. Albert Bronson Putnam attended school 
in Gambier until in 1869 he was graduated at 
Kenyon College, at Gaml)ier. He graduated 
in tlieology also, and was ordained in Gambier, 
in 1872. As a minister he began his career at 
Painesville, Ohio, where he was temporarily 
located. His first rectorship was at Christ's 
Cliurch, Hudson, Ohio. Then he spent eight 
years in the State of Pennsylvania. In 1882 
he became rector of Hareourt school for boys 
at (lambier, of which he had charge for three 
years, wlien he became rector of St. Paul's 
Church, at ^It. Vernon. Upon coming to 

Cleveland iu 1889 he took his present cure, 
when there were but seventy-two communi- 
cants; the number has since increased to 250. 
In connection with the church is a Sunday- 
school — which over 150 pupils attend — and 
other parish organizations. 

The church of which tlie Rev. Mr. Putnam 
is now rector was established in 1876, with 
Rev. B. T. Noakes as its first rector. He served 
the parish for thirteen years and was succeeded 
by Mr. Putnam. Mr. Putnam was President 
of the Convention of the Diocese of Ohio in 
1889, which elected the Rev. Dr. Leonard 
Bishop, and has twice been sent by the Diocese 
of Ohio as a Delegate to the General Conven- 
tion of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

January 7, 1875, Mr. Putnam married, at 
Massillon, Ohio, Miss Cora E. Dunn, a daugh- 
ter of John and Julia M. (Randall) Dunn. The 
mother is a sister of Alexander Randall, Gov- 
ernor of Wisconsin, 1857-'60 and afterward 
Postmaster General of the United States under 
President Johnson, and United States Minister 
to Italy. The children of Mr. Putnam and 
wife were Norman K., Julia D. and Frederick. 
In 1886 Mrs. Putnam died, at the age of thirty- 
two years, and in 1889 Mr. Putnam married, 
for his second wife. Miss Mary A. Dunn, a sis- 
ter of his first wife. ]iy this man-iage one 
child, Cora, has been born. 


EV. JOHN H. NIEMANN, nastorof the 

( Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church on 

Jj ^ Jersey street, Cleveland, was born in 
/ Hanover, Germany, April 11, 1S48. His 

parents were II. H. and Mary E. Niemann, both 
of German birth, who came to the United States 
in 1852, landing at New York City, whence 
they repaired to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, where 
for years the father was superintendent of the 
Lutheran cemetery and where he died in 1874:, 
at the age of sixty-six years. The mother's 
death occurred in 1859, at Pittsburg, in her 
thirty-fifth year. They were life-long and faith- 


fill members of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and esteemed for their piety and indus- 
try. They had six children, of whom only three 
are now (1893) living. 

Rev. Niemann was a child of four years when 
his parents came to America. Upon reaching 
the proper age he was sent to Fort Wayne, In- 
diana, where he entered Concordia College, and 
between the years 1860 and 1866 completed a 
course. He then took a theological course at 
Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri, com- 
pleting the curriculum in 1869. 

His first work as a minister was at Little 
Kock, Arkansas, where he remained until Jan- 
uary, 1876. He was the second pastor of his 
church in the State of Arkansas, the first being 
Rev. M. L. Wyneken, whose charge was at Fort 
Smith. In January, 1876, Rev. Niemann came 
to the city of Cleveland and became the pastor 
of Trinity Church, remaining as such until this 
date, 1893. His work here has been character- 
istic of ability, and he has succeeded in the ma- 
terial upbuilding of his congregation. lie has 
established three new churches in the city since 
coming to Cleveland. When he came to Cleve- 
lend there were only two churches of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran denomination in the city; now 
there are eight, besides two missions. In the 
congregation of Trinity Church there are about 
300 families. In connection with the church 
is a parochial school, where attend upward of 
400 children, instructed by five male teachers. 
Tlie school is a graded one, and its pupils upon 
graduation are periTiitted admission to the Cleve- 
land public high schools. There is one mission 
utulerRev. Niemann's charge. He has for the 
last thirteen years been President of the Mid- 
dle District of the Missouri Synod of his church, 
sail! synod numbering about 1,400 ministers. 
This district comprises the States of Ohio and 
Indiana, having 110 congregations ami being 
one of the largest and most important districts 
of said Missouri Synod. 

Rev. Niemann was married October 8, 1872, 
to Miss Julia E. Walther, a daughter of C. F. 
W. Walther, I). D., president of Concordia 

Seminary, St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Walther 
is best known as the " Lutheran Theologian " in 
this country, was the organizer of the Luth- 
eran Church in the United States, and died 
May 7, 1887, at the age of seventy-six years. 
His wife, Emily, died in 1875, at the age of 
seventy-four years. Mrs. Niemann, the youngest 
of four children, is a lady of culture and refine- 
ment. Rev. and Mrs. Niemann have but one 
child, namely, Ottilie, still of the home circle. 
Rev. Niemann has been a prominent mem- 
ber and a central figure in one of the large and 
influential religious bodies of this city for many 
years. He is yet in the prime of a most vigor- 
ous and useful manhood and his influence and 
best efforts have ever been recorded in the best 
interest and welfare of the cause of his Master 
in the church of his choice. He is genial, 
scholarly and in every way a most pleasant and 
cultured geutletnan. His library is large and 
of the standard theological and classical works. 
He has proved the right man in the right place, 
and the importance and success of his labors can 
best be told and understood when one observes 
the many institutions which he has organized, 
fostered and brought into prosperity, and the 
fact that no other ininister in the Middle Dis- 
trict enjoys a more universal esteem and re- 

LONZO E. HYRE, editor and business 
manager of The Cuyahogan, published 
at Brooklyn, Ohio, was born January 1, 
1860, in Fairfield county, this State. His 
parents were Dr. H. C. Hyre and Amelia C. 
(Poff) Hyre. He is the elder of two children, 
the younger of whom died very early in life. 
Subsequent to the birth of these children the 
parents located in Brooklyn. 

Alonzo E. Hyre received his education in the 
public schools of Lancaster, Springfield, Colum- 
bus and other places, supplementing it by a 
course at Buchtel College, at Akron, Ohio, where 
he graduated in 1884 with the degree of B. S. 
While here at college he organized The Buchtel 


Record, a higli-class college monthly, conducting 
the same two years. After bis graduation Mr. 
Hyre traveled tiiroughont the country in com- 
pany with George C. Miln, who was noted as a 
[ireaclier, and who left the pulpit for the stage, 
gaining considerable notoriety in the Shaks- 
perean plays. Mr. Hyre gained quite a reputa- 
tion as a comedian, and while in this profession 
was given the privilege of visiting the leading 
portions of the country, and gained considerable 
experience as well as a knowledge of the various 
important cities, among which Cleveland was 
most inviting to him. lie accepted the position 
of city editor of the Cleveland Daily Argus, a 
position which he held for almost two years, 
and giving up the same he began tlie publica- 
tion of a society and di'amatic paper known as 
Vanity Fair, which he issued for about two 
years. He then assumed the city editorship of 
the Sunday "World, and in that capacity did 
much to raise the standard of that journal, with 
which he was connected for one year. He then 
became interested, in 1888, in The Cuyahogan, 
and since that date has been manager and editor 
of the same. This journal he has made one of 
the most successful and prosperous of county 
and suburban papers. It has a wide circulation 
and is one of the cleanest, most respectable and 
newsy sheets of its kind. 

Politically Mr. Hyre is a Republican, and he 
has figured conspicuously as a worker in the 
ranks of his party. He was for four years a 
member of the county committee, and for two 
years one of the executive committee of his 
party. Recently he was urged by friends to 
become a candidate for the legislature, but for 
this honor he declined to enter the race. As an 
editor he is both brilliant and successful, and 
bears a most striking personal resemblance to 
the celebrated " Bill Nye." Mr. Hyre's friends 
claim that the resemldance does not stop with 
the smooth face and pate, but that in wit and 
genial humor he is not far behind " The 
Boomerang" editor. 

Mr. Hyre was married April 15, 1886, to 
Miss S. Emma Cadwallader, of Akron, Ohio, 

who was a student of Buchtel College and a 
member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hyre have two children: Rexford C, 
born March 11, 1887; and Raymond E., Jan- 
uary 29, 1890. 

Fraternally Mr. Hyre not only belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias and National Union, Ijut is 
also a member of the Greek letter college fra- 
ternity. Delta Tau Delta. 


E. LINDEN, M. D., Ph. G., a practic- 
ing physician of South Brooklyn vil- 
lage, was born in the city of Cleveland 
on the 6th day of October, 1858. His parents 
were John and Sibylla (Kueth) Linden. Both par- 
ents were born in Germany: hence our subject 
is of German lineage. His early scholastic 
training was received in the schools of Cleveland 
Germany and Switzerland. After graduating 
at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in 
1881 he entered Western Reserve Medical 
College where he graduated in 1883. He 
then went to Berlin, Germany, where at the 
Royal College of Medicine he received a di- 
ploma in 1884. Returning to America he 
entered upon the practice of his profession in 
Cleveland, and a few years later located at 
South Brooklyn, where he has since enjoyed a 
large and lucrative practice. 

In 1885 he wedded Nellie E.Ward, daughter 
of the late Daniel Ward of Cleveland, and they 
have two children: James Emil, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1886; and John Edgar, October 14, 

Dr. Linden himself is one of ten children, 
seven of whom are living. Of these children, 
John Linden is a prominent merchant of Cleve- 
land; Hugo Linden is a Cleveland druggist; 
Mrs. Lizzie Albrecht resides in Detroit, Michigan; 
Mrs. Bertha Mitchell is a resident of Chicago; 
Mrs. Martha Muehlenbeck, of South Brooklyn; 
and Clara resides with her parents, wiiose home 
is now in Coblenz on the Rhine, Ciermany. 


Fraternally Dr. Linden is a member of the 
order of Kniglits of Pythias and is at present 
M. of E. and D. G. C. of liis lodge. He was a 
charter member of Brooklyn Lodge, No. 426. 
He is also a member of the Chosen Friends, 
Cleveland Council, No. 5, and the Equitable 
Aid Union, of which order he is Grand Presi- 
dent of Ohio. He is also a member of the 
Cleveland Medical Society. The Doctor has 
collected an excellent library, and is a close and 
continuous student of his profession, keeping 
pace with all new investigations and results in 
the same. He is a member of the local board 
of health and is very active in securing the de- 
velopment of such measures, and carrying into 
effect such rules and regulations as are condu- 
cive to the health of the public. Li fact Dr. 
Linden is a thorough and successful practi- 
tioner and as a citizen he is highly esteemed and 

17^) EV. REUBEN YEAKEL, Historian, 
K^ othcially appointed by the General Con- 
II' »!s ference and Board of Publication of the 
^ Evangelical Association, was born in 

Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, August 3, 
1827. His parents were Charles and Susanna 
(Yeakel) Yeakel, natives also of America. Mr. 
Yeakel's grandfather, Jacob Yeakel, was also a 
native of the Keystone State; and his great- 
grandfather, Christopher Yeakel, came from 
Germany in 1734:, settling in Montgomery 
county, mentioned. Charles Yeakel was an in- 
telligent and thorough farmer, frank and 
honest, and deeply religious; and his wife was 
also a devout woman, a member of the Evangeli- 
cal Association. Both died at the age of eighty- 
six years,— he in 1874 and she in 1880. Their 
children were: Jesse, who entered the gospel 
ministry in 1852 and now resides in Philadel- 
phia; Reuben, the subject of this sketch; 
Lydia, wife of Nathan Sterner, a carpenter of 
AUentown, Pennsylvania; the other three chil- 
dren are deceased. 

Mr. Yeakel, whose name introduces this 
sketch, educated himself, mostly, and in 1853 
he began his career as a minister of the gospel, 
in Pennsylvania; in 1859 he was elected by 
the General Conference Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the Missionary Society of the Evangeli- 
cal Association, which position he filled for 
several years; in 1863 the same body elected 
him editor of the Sunday-school and tract litera- 
ture of the church, and he was re-elected in 
1867, and held the position till 1871. In 1867 
he was also appointed biographer of Jacob Al- 
bright and his co-laborers, of which Rev. Mr. 
Dreisbach was one. In 1871 the same confer- 
ence elected him Bishop, which position he held 
until 1879, when he declined a re-election and 
went to Naperville, Illinois, where he was prin- 
cipal of the Biblical Institute in the North- 
western College of the Evangelical Association, 
teaching systematic theology and other branches 
until 1883; and while there he established a 
theological quarterly, in the German language, 
on his own responsibility, and he still edits and 
publishes this periodical, which is now bi- 
monthly. It has now reached its fifteenth 
volume. The title-page translated is, "Bi- 
monthly Periodical for Theology and Church; 
founded by R. Yeakel, and conducted with the 
co-operation of prominent theologians in Amer- 
ica and Germany; edited and published by 
Rev. R. Yeakel, Rev. M. J. Cramer, D. D., 
Prof. F. L. Nagler, D. D., and Rev. C. G. 
Koch." This periodical is undenominational, 
is of great service to the church, prized most 
highly, and is the only periodical of the kind in 
the German language in America. 

After his service closed at the college he was 
called to the Cleveland publishing house as joint 
editor of the Christliche Botschafter, which place 
he held four years. In 18S7 he was given the 
duty of writing the general history of the Evan- 
gelical Association; and still more recently also 
the biography of Bishop Joseph Long, Rev. 
William W. Orwig and Rev. Charles Hammer, 
the last mentioned of whom was manager of 
the publishing house for many years. 


Mr. Yeakel has attended the General Con- 
ference of this church ever since 1855, being a 
delegate at almost every session. In some re- 
spects he has been the pioneer coilater of the 
preliminary history of his church. Rev. W. 
W. Orwig was appointed by the West Pennsyl- 
vania Annual Conference to compile the history 
of the church from 1800 to 1845, and Mr. 
Yeakel was appointed jointly by the General 
Conference and by the Board of Publication to 
supply the history from 1750, the decenninin 
of the birth of Jacob Albright, and to bring 
the history down to the present time, and also 
to i-evise tlie history previously made. lie is 
more conversant with early church history and 
of the fatiiers of his church than any other man 
living. Since 1855 lie has written a great 
multitude of articles for the press, both in Ger- 
man and in English. The amoutit of work he 
has done is evidence not only that lie has been 
very busy, but has a capacious, well-furnished 
and ready mind. 

He came to Cleveland in 1860, as Correspond- 
ing Secretary of the Missionary Society of tiie 
Church, and with few interruptions has been a 
resident here ever since. lie was first married 
in 1855 to Miss Sarah Scliubert, daughter of 
David Schubert of Pennsylvania, and they liad 
two children, — Charles and Rosa; the latter 
died at the age of four years. The mother of 
these children died in 1874, aged forty-seven 
years, a devoted member of the church. For 
his second wife Mr. Yeakel married, in 1876, 
Mrs. Caroline Klein, of Norristown, Pennsyl- 
vania, a member of the same church. 

In his political sympathies Mr. Yeakel is a 
Republican, voting, however, with some care 
as to the personnel of the proposed tickets. 
The following outline of his personal character- 
istics is furnished by a co-laborer who has long 
been acquainted with him: 

In personal appearance Mr. Yeakel inspires 
confidence and respect, possessing a splendid 
physi(jue. He is probalily more than six feet 
two inches in height, iiis rugged frame and 
l)road shoulders being surmounted by a mas- 

sive head, covered with a heavy stock of hair, 
worn somewhat long. His form is bent, as if 
weighed down with care. Beneath his expan- 
sive forehead and jutting eyebrows, which 
frown like buttresses, there gleam a pair of 
calm, keen eyes from deep, cavernous sockets. 
His face wears an expression of benignity, 
thoughtfulness and gravity. Deep convergent 
lines about the region of the eyes indicate the 
close thinker and constant reader, wiiile the 
steady gaze of those eyes give but a hint of the 
steadier and more penetrating gaze of an in- 
tellect of extraordinary power of concentration. 
He is a profound student who delights to "lose 
himself in thought." He revels in the mastery 
of abstruse problems, which practice enal)les 
him to gain unusual insight into the inner 
meaning of the Scriptures. His analytical 
powers are such that he is acknowledged as one 
of the most discriminating of exegetes. In 
recognition of this the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity was tendered him by a high authority, 
which however he firmly declined, with char- 
acteristic modesty, not to say indifference to 
such titular distinctions. 

He is also a historian and biographer of 
much experience. His habit of investigation, 
his patient research, his mastery of details, his 
remarkable ability to apprehend the historical 
value of apparently trifling minutiii?, have 
made him an authority on the subjects to which 
he has devoted himself; and his opinion is 
eagerly sought and readily accepted. He has 
rendered his church invaluable service by his 
historical labors. Few men have the unweary- 
ing patience, the indomitable perseverance, 
which he manifests to search tjirough time- 
worn documents and musty records for obscure, 
connecting links in a chain of evidence neces- 
sary to establish an historical fact. 

Mr. Y'eakel is also an ecclesiastical legislator 
of recognized ability. For years the Discipline 
of the Evangelical Association has received 
marks from his molding hand. It owes much 
of its symmetry and consistency to his skill. In 
the important litigations through which the 


clinrch has recently passed he was the chief ex- 
pert witness for the church, to whose interpre- 
tations of the laws of this ecclesiastical body 
attorneys and courts alike deferred without 
(][uestion of dissent. 

j> the representative citizens of Cuyahoga 

^ county, Ohio, is Mr. Charles II. Strong, 
tiie well-known contractor and civil engineer of 
Cleveland. Mr. Strong is a descendant of one 
of the early New England families, and is the 
grandson of one of the first settlers of Cuyahoga 

The first of the Strong family to come to 
America was the Elder John Strong, who was 
born in 1605, in Taunton, England, the son of 
Itichard Strong, a native of Caernarvon, Eng- 
land. Elder John Strong removed to London, 
and on March 20, 1630, he sailed in the ship 
Mary and John for the New World, arriving at 
Nantasket, Massachusetts, on the BOth of May 
following. He became the father of eighteen 
children, two born in England to his first wife, 
the others born in America to his second wife. 
His son John, from whom our subject descended, 
was born in England in 1626, and" was but a 
child of four years when he came to America. 
He was known as John Strong, Jr. He settled 
at Windsor, Connecticut, w^here he married and 
became the father of seven children. His fifth 
son was Josiah, who was born at Colchester, ' 
Connecticut, on January 11, 1678. His son, 
Josiah Strong, Jr., was born on September 9, 
1709, at Middle Haddam, Connecticut, and his 
son. Deacon Josiah Strong, was born January 
28, 1740, at the same place. Deacon Josiah 
Strong was the father of Judge John Harris 
Strong, the grandfather of our subject. Judge 
Strong was born in Middletown, Connecticut, 
on January 19, 1792. In August, 1811, he 
removed to Ohio, and settled in Euclid, Cuya- 
iioga county. He was agent for the sale of 
lands in and about Cleveland for Lord and 

Barber, of Connecticut. He served as Judo-e 
of the Common Pleas Court of Cuyahoga 
county from 1817 to 1823, and died in otKce on 
April 28 of the latter year. He w-as the father 
of ten children, his fourth son, Rodney, being 
the father of our subject. Rodney Strong was 
born August 8, 1790, at Chatham, Connecticut, 
and was twenty-one years of age when he" came 
to Ohio. He returned to Connecticut for his 
marriage to Mary Taylor, of Middle Haddam. 
He was the father of seven children, of whom 
three daughters and two sons are living, our 
subject being the youngest child. He was a 
ship-calker by trade, and also followed farming. 
He was an energetic, pushing man, served as a 
Justice of the Peace for a time, and was a mem- 
ber of the old original Trinity Church of 
Cleveland. His death occurred in 1865. 

Charles Henry Strong was born on March 1, 
1831, at CoUamer, Cuyahoga county. He was 
reared on the farm, where he remained until he 
was twenty years of age. He was educated at 
the old Shaw Academy at Collamer, securing a 
good English education. Leaving the farm he 
engaged in surveying and civil engineering, 
spending a year in the office of the city engin- 
eer of Cleveland. At twenty-one years of ao-e he 
engaged at railroad work, in Indiana, Ohio and 
Pennsylvania. In 1861 he was connected with 
the building of the Atlantic & Great Western 
Railroad, having the position of engineer in 
charge of construction, through Ohio and Penn- 
sylvania. He was also connected with the 
changing of the gauge on tiie Cleveland & 
Mahoning Railroad coming into Cleveland, and 
had charge of the mason work where that road 
passes under Detroit street and on thecut through 
to the old river bed. 

In 1867 Mr. Strong was appointtd City Civil 
Engineer of Cleveland, which office he held for 
nine years. He designed and prepared the 
plans of the Superior street viaduct, and did the 
first year's work in the construction of the 
same. In 1877 he took up contracting in con- 
nection with civil engineering, in which he has 


on the Cleveland breakwater, building the first 
section of it from the sliore out into the lake. 
He completed the construction and laid the track 
of the Valley Kailroad from Cleveland to 
Canton. He had the contract for the greater 
part of the Connotton Valley Eailroad (now the 
Cleveland & Canton). In 1883 his son, Harry 
Brightinan Strong, became associated with him 
in business, and together they constructed 
United States lock No. 2 on the Great Kanawha 
river improvement, twelve miles below Kan- 
awha falls. This lock is a very large one, and 
required two year.-j in construction. Since com- 
pleting that piece of work they have done con- 
siderable railroad work, dredging, pile driving 
and steam-shovel work. Their offices are located 
at Nos. 802-803 in the Cuyahoga Building. 

Mr. Strong was married on March 17, 1857, 
to Elizabeth B. Roe, of Huron county, Ohio, a 
daughter of Barnett Roe. The Roes came direct 
from England to Ohio. The children of Mr. 
Strong are: H. B.; Sophia E., widow of the late 
J. Livingstone Taylor; A. M.; Charles H., Jr.; 
and Ruth I. Mr. Strong is a member of the 
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce and of the 
Civil Engineers' Club of Cleveland, and of the 
American Society of Civil Engineers. He is 
also a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 

\^J,'()RMAN A. GILBERT, attorney at law, 
was born in the State of Iowa, August 2, 
1846, a son of the late Albert and Esther 
(Bond) Gilbert, of old Stockbridge, 
Massachusetts. Mr. Gilbert comes of an old 
Revolutionary stock, both his paternal and mu- 
ternal ancestors being prominent in the early 
history of Massaciiusetts. Ills parents removed 
to Avon in the Genesee valley of New York, 
and from there to Trumbull county, Ohio, and 
there their marriage was consummated. At 
Hartford, Trumbull county, they lived for several 
years, the father being engaged in farming. 
About 18iO they removed to Clay township, 
Washington county, Iowa, where the father 

continued the pursuit of farming. In 1849 he 
went to California, and there died in 1851. 
The family then returned to Ohio and located 
at West Farmington, Trumbull county. The 
mother died in 1892, at the age of eighty-si.x 
years, at the home of the subject of this sketch. 

The Gilbert and Bond families settled early 
in Massachusetts, and many of its members 
have gradually worked their way westward, un- 
til now most of them are located in the States 
of Michigan and Iowa. 

Though born in Iowa, the subject of this 
sketch was brought to West Farmington at the 
age of five years. His early education was re- 
ceived at the Western Reserve Academy at 
Farmington, and this academy he left a few 
months before he would have graduated, for the 
purpose of entering the law othce of A. W. 
Jones of Youngstown, under whom he studied 
law for a period of three years. He attended 
the Cleveland Law School, graduating in 1867 
with the degree of LL. D., then located in 
Union county, Ohio, and entered upon the 
jiractice of his profession, continuing for four 
years iu that county. In 1871 he came to 
Cleveland, where for the first two years he 
practiced alone; next he became associated with 
J. A. Smith, under the firm name of Gilbert & 
Smith, with whom he remained for two years; 
then he became a member of the firm of Gilbert, 
Johnson it Schwan, remaining until ISlH, after 
which he became associated with A. T. Hills, 
forming the firm of Gilbert & Hills, which 
firm still exists, ranking among the best at the 
Ohio bar. They do a general practice in both 
State and United States courts. 

In 1891 Mr. Gilbert was nominated by his 
party (Rej)ublican) as candidate for Common 
Pleas Judge, but was defeated with the rest of 
the ticket at that election. He was a member 
of the Cleveland City Council from 1877 to 
1881, during which period he served for a time 
as vice president of that body. He was also 
a chairmain of the finance committee, and dur- 
ing his services in this position Cleveland bonds 
for the first time, were sold bearing interest at 


a rate less than six per cent., and immediately 
brought a premiuiii and bore interest at five per 
cent, and four per cent., respectively. While a 
member of the City Council he also served as 
chairman of the judiciary committee. 

Mr. Gilbert is an active and progressive man, 
not only in his profession but in a public way, 
and as a business man he is no less active. He 
is one of tlie directors, and is on the finance 
committee, of the Dime Savings Bank of Cleve- 
land, in which he is also a stockholder. 

In 1862 Mr. Gilbert enlisted in the United 
States service as a "drummer boy." He was 
then sixteen years of age, but iTiimediately after 
entering the service he took the musket, which 
he carried a year and a half. He was in the 
Eighty-sixth, Eighty seventh and One Hundred 
and Seventy-first Regiments of Ohio Infantry. 
In 1804 Mr. Gilbert organized a company for 
the last one year call. When the company was 
almost completed and ready to enter active duty 
in the field Mr. Gilbert received a severe in- 
jury in his foot, and was thus incapacitated for 
further service. However, the company was 
organized and mustered into active service. 

Mr. Gilbert was married, in August of 1867, 
to Miss Anna M., daughter of Joseph and 
Esther A. Allen, of Bristolville, Ohio, and they 
have four children: Mrs. Amos C. Miller, of 
Cliicago; Joseph M., who is nineteen years of 
age and occupies a position in the Dime Sav- 
ings Bank; Norman A., Jr., twelve years of 
age; and Charles A., aged ten years. 

P) I. SPENZER, M. D., of Cleveland, was 
born in South Germany, August 6, 1837. 
His parents were P. I. and Anna K. 
(Mitsch) Spenzer, and both of them were 
natives of Germany. For years the father was 
a shepherd in the employ of Count von Zepelin, 
and died when the subject of this sketch was 
thirteen years of age. Dr. Spenzer was a child 
of less than seven years when his mother died. 

who left a family of whom those living are 
P. I., and Matthias, an elder brother, who is 
now living in Wurtemberg, Germany, and who 
was for many years forester and gamekeeper for 
the son of Count von Zepelin. 

Dr. Spenzer received his early scholastic 
training in Germany, and at the age of sixteen 
years came to the United States. On arriving 
in this country the small sum of $5 constituted 
his whole capital. He was also unable to speak 
the English language, and thus he was placed 
under disadvantages to overcome which energy 
and perseverance were required. Obtaining this 
or that form of employment he gained support, 
and every opjwrtunity in the meantime was im- 
proved for the learning of the English language, 
under the instructions of a schoolteacher into 
whose association he was thrown. During this 
time his home was in New Jersey. He next 
went to Pennsylvania, where he remained until 
1856, when he came to Cleveland, Ohio, and 
embarked in the drug business, in which he re- 
mained for a considerable time. In 1862 he 
enlisted in the United service under 
Colonel James Barnett, who appointed him as 
hospital steward, which position he held for one 
year, at the close of which he was discharged 
on account of failing health. In 1868 he re- 
turned from the army to Cleveland and re- 
entered the drug business, in which he remained 
until 187U, at which date he began the study of 
medicine in the Wooster University, where he 
graduated in 1873, since which date he has con- 
tinued with success in an active practice in the 
city of Cleveland. He has continued the owner 
of a drug-store, which has been and is now 
managed by M. H. Spenzer. 

Dr. Spenzer is a member of the Cleveland 
Medical Society, and has been a physician for 
the Home of the Poor on Perry street, which 
home is under tiie charge of the Little Sisters 
of the Poor. He is a prominent member of the 
Independent Order of Foresters, holding a high 
official position in the State organization. In 
1860 Dr. Spenzer wedded Mary Theresa Malloy, 
a native of Ireland and a d»nghter of Joim and 


Ellen Malloj, who was born in Dalky, near 
Dublin, Ireland, on the 23d day of April, 1837, 
and came to America in 1854. 

Dr. and Mrs. Spenzer have had nine children, 
of whom six are living, namely: Mary H., who 
has charge of the drng-store of Dr. Spenzer and 
who holds a certificate of pharmacy from the 
State Board; John George Spenzer, M. D., a 
student at the "Western Reserve Medical College 
and the University of Strasbiirg in Germany- 
lie is a graduate of the Western Eeserve Col- 
lege as M. D., and of the University of Stras- 
biirg as Ph. D. Minerva A., wife of John I. 
Peckham, of Cleveland ; Eugene Ariel, a grad- 
uate of pharmacy in the Buffalo College of 
Pharmacy; Bona Ida, who was a pupil in the 
high schools of Cleveland; and Theresa Maude, 
a pupil of the public schools. Mrs. Spenzer is 
a member of the Catholic Church, of Cleveland. 

In politics Dr. Spenzer is a Republican. lie 
is a member of the Cleveland, the Ohio State 
and the American Pharmaceutical Societies. He 
has been president for one terra of the Cleve- 
land Pharmaceutical Association, and has been a 
member of the School of Pharmacy of Cleve- 
land for some six or more years. 

As indicated in the above account of the 
career of Dr. Spenzer, he made his own start in 
this country with but little opportunity, but 
with this little advantage he has improved his 
business and increased bis fund of information, 
gained a thorough knowledge of pharmacy and 
succeeded in the drug business, studied medi- 
cine and graduated in the same, and has for a 
period of over twenty years practiced with 

1 li taLLIAM J. MEAD, cashier of 
\P^/ Cleveland Electric Railway Comj 
■i 11 Cuyahoga Building, Xo. 621, was 
near New Haven, Huron county, Ohio, January 
8, 1860. His parents were George A. and Mary 
(Martin) Mead. The former was born near 


PennTan, New York, came to Ohio in 1846, 
locating in Richland, and was employed for 
some years as foreman of construction on the 
Sandusky division of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad. Later he engaged in farming in 
Huron county, Ohio, in which occupation he 
continued until his death in 1884, at the age of 
sixty-three years. His first wife was Miss Jane 
Hall, the latter dying without issue. Of George 
Mead it may be said he was good-hearted and 
companionable, loved and respected by all who 
admire honesty, ability and integrity in busi- 
ness transactions. His death occurring so near 
the prime of life was sadly lamented by a large 
circle of friends. His father, "William Mead, 
married a Miss Bates; they were residents of 
New York and reared five children. Our sub- 
ject's mother, Mary (Martin) Mead, was a 
daughter of Charles and Christena Martin. The 
latter, by a former husband, Mr. Houser, had 
three children. Mr. Houser was accidentally 
killed by the falling of a tree. This occurred 
during the pioneer days in Richland county, 
Ohio. Our subject's mother was one of five 
children, viz.: Henry, deceased; John; Mary, 
the mother of our subject; Samuel; and George, 

William J. Mead is second in a family of four 
children, viz.: Elmer W., who is engineer in a 
power house in Tiffin, Ohio; "\Yilliam J.; Effie 
J., who resides with the mother at Tiffin, Ohio; 
and Ada C, wife of Algee "Welsh, who resides 
near Bucyrus, Ohio. These four children were 
born near New Haven, in Huron county, Ohio. 

The subject of this sketch was reared on the 
farm. His educational advantages were of the 
country-school character until the age of six- 
teen years, at which time he made a four-mile 
daily trip on foot for two school terms, attend- 
ing the Plymouth high school. While attend- 
ing this school for two terms he made good use 
of opportunity and prepared himself for teach- 
ing. He taught two terms in district schools in 
Marion county, Oliio. Later, in order to better 
equip himself for the business of teaching, he 
spent two terms in Manstield Normal College. 


The following three years he taught in his home 
county, closing his career as a pedagogue in 

Mr. Mead, while a teacher, as while a pupil 
at school, was an nntiring student. His pen- 
manship showed to good advantage and attracted 
attention, where it did him great good. He had a 
good reputation as a successful teacher, his school 
woi-k being of a high order, and his penmanship 
did not suffer in competition with the best. 

In 1883, Mr. Mead accepted a position as 
bookkeeper for Heyman & Company, millers at 
Monroeville, Ohio, in which capacity he served 
continuously eight years, losing only seven 
days during the entire time. He came to 
Cleveland, Ohio, in 1891, and took a position 
as bookkeeper and cashier for Sheets Brothers, 
on Broadway, and while serving in the latter po- 
sition he was invited by the Broadway & Newbnrg 
Street Kailroad Company to make application for 
a position with them, which he did, and soon re- 
ceived the appointment of bookkeeper, being 
promoted, on the consolidation of the East 
Cleveland, Broadway and Brooklyn lines, to 
the position of cashier of the Cleveland Electric 
Railway Company, which place he still holds. 

While a resident of Monroeville Mr. Mead 
was elected to the office of corporation Clerk. 
He is now Notary Public for Cuyahoga county. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that Mr. 
Mead made his own start, in his own way, and 
that he has succeeded so well is not due to 
blind luck, but to untiring industry, coupled 
with honesty of purpose and good business 

In Monroeville, June 7, 1885, lie married 
Miss Cora M. Seely, daughter of Robert and 
Marilla (Searls) Seely, long-time residents and 
representatives of a worthy and exemplary class 
of citizens of that village. Mrs. Cora M. Mead 
was born November 14, 1865, third in a family 
of si.K children, viz.: Charles, who married Miss 
Sadie M. Stearns, a native of Cleveland, Ohio, 
where they reside; Frederick, who married 
Elizabeth Train: he is an undertaker in Mata- 
mora, Ohio: Edith, wife of Rev. II. D. Os- 

borne, who is pastor of the Baptist Cliurch at 
Haskins, Ohio; Laura and Edwin reside at the 
family home with their parents. 

The home of Mr. Mead and wife has been 
blessed in the birth of two children, viz.: Floyd 
Seely, born March 14, 1886; and William Earl, 
born September 18, 1887. Both are natives of 
Monroeville, Ohio. Both parents are members 
of Miles Park Avenue Presbyterian Church. 
Fraternally Mr. Mead is Past Master of Roby 
Lodge, No. 534, F. & A. M., of Monroeville; he 
is a member of Newburg (Ohio) blue lodge, 
No. 379, F. & A. M.; a member also of Huron 
Royal Arch Chapter, No. 7, of Norwalk, Ohio 
and a member of Cleveland Council, No. 36, 
R. & S. M. 

Mr. Mead is a valnable citizen on account of 
his active, public spirit and warm interest in 
the progress and well being of the community. 
He deservedly is awarded the respect and confi- 
dence of his fellow-townsmen. 

El C. LUCE, assistant general passenger 
and ticket agent of the Lake Shore & 
1 Michigan Southern Railway Company, 

began his railroading service November 3, 1854, 
with the Cleveland and Toledo Railroad Com- 
pany, now a part of the Lake Shore system, as 
a clerk in the general ticket department. After 
a year's service he became clerk in the treasury 
department under W. F. Kittredge, remaining 
until 1857, when he was transferred to the audi- 
tor's office under H. C. Luce. From 1858 to 
October 1, 1864, Mr. Luce was general account- 
ant, being made general ticket agent at the later 
date, which position he filled until the Cleve- 
land & Toledo was merged into the Lake Shore 
and Michigan Southern Railway, at which time 
he took the position of assistant general ticket 
agent. In 1874 he was placed in charge of the 
passenger accounts in the auditor's office, re- 
maining until January 1, 1886, when he was 
appointed general ticket agent of the Lake 
Shore and Michigan Southern, and one year 
later assumed the duties of his present office. 


Ml-. Luce was born in Marion, Massachusetts, 
January 20, 1S36. The house in which he was 
born was tiie birthplace of his father, Capt;;in 
Elisha Luce, and was built by his grandfather. 
Major Iloland Luce, the former event occur- 
ring in 1786. That gentleman was a ship cap- 
tain until middle life, when he retired and gave 
his attention to his vessel interests and mer- 
ciiandising. lie w^as in the army during the 
war of 1812 and died in 1850 in the house of 
his birth. Major Luce was likewise a ship cap- 
tain and obtained the title of Major in the Colo- 
nial army during onr struggle for national in- 
dependence. He married a Miss Clark, who 
bore him ten children. 

Captain Elisha Luce married Lucretia, a 
daughter of Nathan Clark, a direct descendant 
of Thomas Clark, first mate of the historic 
Mayflower. Nathan Clark was a seafaring man 
and a vessel commander. 

E. C. Luce is the fourth child of a family of 
seven, four now living, one of whom besides 
our subject is a railroad man, and with the 
Chicago and Northwestern Railway as car ac- 
countant. He came to Cleveland March 31, 
1854, and from that time until entering rail- 
way service was employed by E. Cowles, a 

In November, 1860, Mr. Luce married, in 
Bed minster, Somerset county, New Jersey, 
Louise, a daughter of H. G. Compton. Her 
mother was a Miss Arrowsmith. Mr. and Mrs. 
Luce have two daughters. 

EV. CARL BURGH AEDT, the able and 
^ popular pastor of St. Joannes' United 
lii Evangelical Lutheran Church, 83 Mag- 


11 ¥i Evangelical Lutheran Church, 83 Mag- 
^ net street, Cleveland, Ohio, was born 

near Frankenstein, province of Silesia, Germany, 
April 19, 1847. He is a son of William and 
I )orotha(Grcgor)Biirghardt, who came to Amer- 
ica in 1882 and settled in Miltonsburg, Monroe 
county, Ohio, where they still reside. The 
father was a farmer in his native land, but since 
coining to this country he has led a pratically 

retired life. He served as a soldier in the Ger- 
I man army for the term prescribed by law. He 
is now seventy-six years of age and his wife is 
seventy-three; both have been life-long and de- 
voted members of the church to whose ministry 
their sons have devoted themselves and their 
efforts. They are the parents of four children: 
Rev. William Burghardt, of Queensland, Aus- 
tralia, where he is pastor of a large congrega- 
tion and where he has labored most zealously 
and effectually since 1866; Rev. Carl Burghardt 
is the subject of this review; Dorothea is the wife 
of Henry Friday and resides at Louisville, Mon- 
roe county, Ohio: and Paulina is the wife of 
Rev. William Guhr, who has preached in Aus- 
tralia since 1886, his work being in the mission 
of his church. 

Rev. Carl Burghardt was educated in Ger- 
many, completing his studies in Berlin, where 
he took a thorough college and theological 
course, being in school from 1869 to 1875. In 
the year last noted he came to America and was 
ordained the same year, at Rochester, New 
York. His lirst charge was as pastor at Bolivar, 
Tuscarawas county, Ohio, whei-e he remained 
until 1880. He had under his charge four in- 
dividual congregations. His second charge as 
pastor was at Miltonsburg, Monroe county, 
Ohio, where his parents now reside, and there 
he had charge of two congregations until 1887, 
when he came to Cleveland to assume his pres- 
ent pastorate. He has been succesful in fur- 
thering the cause to which his life is consecrated 
in the upbuilding of his congregation. In 1890, 
under his direction, was erected a convenient 
and spacious church edifice on AVilson avenue, 
corner of Magnet street, the same being built to 
replace the old building, on McBride Street, 
which had proved inadecjuate in its provisions 
for successfully carrying forward the work of 
the society. In his congregation are now rep- 
resented about 170 families, and the Sunday- 
school shows an average enrollment of 350 pu- 

The Rev. Mr. Burghardt is a member of the 
Evangelical Synod of Xorth America. 


He was married soon after his arrival in this 
country (1875), his nuptials being celebrated at 
Fairview, Erie county, Pennsylvania, where he 
was united to Miss Dorothea Krause, who is of 
German parentage. They have liad three chil- 
dren, only one of whom survives. This child, 
Lydia Dorothea Louisa, is a bright and preco- 
cious child of twelve years, graceful and intelli- 
gent and a comfort and solace to her affectionate 
parents. The parents of Mrs. Burgliardt were 
born and reared in Germany, there married and 
reared their children, nine in number. Mrs. 
Burghardt being the oldest, and there died, the 
father at the age of fifty-Kve years and the 
mother at the age of thirty-six. 

[[ ON. CHARLES M. LeBLOXD, attorney 
11 at law, Cleveland, was born in Celina 
41 Mercer county, Ohio, June 28, 1854, eld- 
dest son of Hon. Frank C. and Louisa E. 
(McGinley) Le Blond, natives respectively of 
Knox and Lorain counties, this State, and of 
French and Scotch ancestry. Lion. Frank C. 
Le Blond is one of the leading Democrats of 
Ohio, having represented his county in the 
State Legislature four years, was Speaker of the 
House two years; from 1853 to 1855 he repre- 
sented the Fifth Congressional District of Ohio 
in Congress, and was a leader of the minority, 
and is still one of the prominent members of the 
bar of this State, at the age of seventy-four. 

Hon. Charles M. Le Blond was reared in iiis 
native county and completed iiis school educa- 
tion at Mount Union College, in Stark county, 
Ohio, and at Ann Arbor, Michigan, in the Mich- 
igan State University. He read law under the 
instructions of his father, and also at Ann Ar- 
bor, and was admitted to the bar in 1875, since 
which time he has been actively engaged in his 
chosen profession. For nine years he was as- 
sociated with his father, then for two years with 
Hon. T. J. Godfrey, of Celina, and from 1873 
to 1875 was assistant cashier of the Citizens' 
Bank of Celina. As an attorney he had a suc- 

cessful career in his native city. Entering the 
political arena when a youth, he was elected, in 
188G, to the State Legislature of Ohio, where 
he served four years, being a leader in the House 
on the Democratic side. He served on tiie gen- 
eral committees on Finance, Judiciary, Rail- 
roads and Telegraphs and on the special com- 
mission to investigate H. B. Payne's title to a 
seat in Congress. He was the only Democratic 
attorney in the case, and through his efforts a thor- 
ough report of the matter was furnished, wliich 
was the cause of the senator being retained. Lie 
has also always taken a decidedly active part in 
local politics, and has filled all the positions in 
the various committees in county and State. 

In 1889 he came to Cleveland and formed a 
partnership with J. M. Williams, an attorney, 
under the firm name of Le Blond & Williams. 
Two years afterward, however, this partnership 
was dissolved, since which time Mr. LeBlond has 
practiced alone. He has had a large practice in 
northern, western and southern Ohio, and is cel- 
ebrated as an advocate before juries. 

February 4, 1880, is the date of his marriage 
to Miss Anna M. Brennan of this city, a daugh- 
ter of Luke Breiman, the first contractor of 
Cleveland, and they have three children, namely : 
Luke F., twelve years of age; Charles H., ten, 
and Lottie M., six. 

ST. PAINE, one of the proprietors of the 
\ Forest City Hotel, Cleveland, has been a 
-^ resident of this city since 1873, all the 
while identified with the hotel business. 

He was born in Nelson township, Portage 
county, this State, in May, 1848, a son of William 
B. and Maria (Talbot) Paine, New England people 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He com- 
pleted his school days at an academy, learned 
the carpenters' trade, and followed it some time. 
In 1871-'73 he was clerk two years for the 
Etna House at Ravenna, this State, when he 
came to Cleveland. Here he began as clerk in 
the Forest City House, which he now owns. 


Continuing as clerk here until 1890, he, in 
company with William J. Akers, purchased the 
business of the concern. With the long ex- 
perience he has had, he knows how to conduct 
such an irjstitution, and is accordingly doing 
well, attracting as good a class of customers as 
otlier hotel in the city. 

Mr. Paine was one of the fourteen men in 
1880 wlio went to Chicago and organized the 
Hotel Men's Mutual Benefit Association, from 
wiiich time to the present he has been one of 
the officers, being now vice-president. In 1890 
he became a member of the National Hotel- 
keepers' Association, of which he is now vice- 
president. He is also a member of the Cleve- 
land Hotelkeepers' Association. 

He was initiated into Freemasonry in 1881, 
in Iris Lodge, and he is now a member of 
Cleveland Chapter, Holy Rood Coinmandery, 
Lake Erie Consistory and Alcoran Temple, tak- 
ing the thirty-second degree of the Scottish rite 
in 18s2; and he also belongs to the Masonic 
Club. In his political principles he is a Re- 
publican, and he is a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce. 

In 1884, in this city, he married Miss Ettie 
Durhamer, and they make their home at the 
hotel. Religiously, they attend Unity church. 
Mr. Paine is one of Cleveland's most progressive 
and enterprising citizens. 

EiDWARD L. HARRIS, Principal of the 
Central High School of Cleveland, was 
1 born at Delavan, Wisconsin, December 

8, 1852, received his elementary education in 
the district school and his secondary in the high 
schools of Delavan and Elkhorn of that State. 
From the latter place he entered Wayland 
Academy, Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, to prepare 
for college, at which he graduated in the spring 
of 1874. In the meantime he had taught two 
seasons in the same district where he had first 
attended school and learned his alphabet, — the 
first season when he was seventeen years of age, 

and the second two years later, when he was re- 
called by the Board of Education. He had also 
spent one year in business, earning money to 
pursue his studies. 

Seeing little hope for assistance in the future, 
except the inspiration and desire for education 
given him by his parents, he completed his pre- 
paratory work three months before his class did, 
and went to the home of his parents, who had 
returned to their former residence at Syracuse, 
New York. He immediately entered the em- 
ploy of a large wholesale and retail house, and 
while traveling he spent every spare moment 
with liis books, and besides tJie pecuniary re- 
ward he thus acquired a large business acquaint- 
ance and a practical business education. He 
underwent the examinations and entered the 
classical course at Syracuse University. While 
at college he worked as a reporter and cor- 
respondent; took a high rank in his class; was 
the literary editor of The Herald, — the college 
paper; presiding officer of the college associa- 
tion; won a position on "Junior Ex.;" elected 
class orator, senior year; and received the ap- 
pointment by the faculty as commencement 
speaker. He was a prominent Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity man, being at one time its 
highest officer, and for two years he was the 
college delegate to the Inter-Collegiate Associa- 
tion. He was requested by the professor in 
Greek to take the examination in tliat subject 
in the Inter-Collegiate contest. He graduated 
in 1878 in two courses, receiving the degrees of 
A. B. and Ph. B. 

While in college he worked summers for the 
Board of Education, taking the school enumer- 
ation, and before gra<l nation was offered a posi- 
tion in the high school. Expecting to enter 
the profession of law, for which he was pre- 
paring, he did not desire to accept an engage- 
ment as a teacher; nevertheless, in the fall of 
1878 he was elected principal of the Port Jer- 
vis (Xew York) Academy, where he remained 
two years, resigning in 1880 to accept a posi- 
tion in the West high school of Cleveland as 
instructor in Creek and Latin: later the liii;her 

- .^#^-^ 

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QUYAmQA aouNTr. 


inatliematical work was also assigned him. Mr. 
Harris served liere two years and one month, 
when between the sessions on two consecutive 
days he was une.xpectedly transferred to the 
Central high school at the head of the mathe- 
matical department, to till the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Professor Coit. After 
live years' service, he was returned to the West 
high school as its principal, succeeding Mr. 
Jolinston, who retired for a time on account of 
ill health. While in this place he was tendered 
the position of assistant superintendent, with 
grammar supervision, which he declined. Two 
years later, in May, 1889, he was again sent to 
the Central, receiving a call signed by the 
superintendent and every member of the Board 
of Education, to succeed the late Principal 
(Jampbell, who had died at his post. 

The condition of things at "Central High" 
has somewhat changed. He found the girls on 
the third floor and the boys on the first, and 
immediately changed their places. The school 
was overcrowded and a requisition was made 
for an addition to accommodate double the 
number, which was granted. The result was 
one of the largest high-school buildings in the 
United Status. In tiie first year there was an 
increase in enrollment of forty-seven per cent. 
At present there are 1,685 pupils, — over 200 in 
the senior and over 600 in the first year. The 
building is crowded and more room is needed. 
The commercial course has been introduced, the 
English and college courses strengthened, a fine 
course in natural history originated, a library 
established, and a well equipped gymnasium in 
view. In both the two popular and indispens- 
able games, foot-ball and base-ball, the Central 
won the pennant of the Inter-School League for 
1893. Graduates of this school are received 
into all colleges without examination, except 
into those colleges which receive none on cer- 

Principal Harris is tireless and unremitting 
in his efforts to strengthen the splendid reputa- 
tion of the Central high school, and his corps of 
teachers co-operate with him as one person 

toward the one great end, perfection. He is a 
meralier of the Northeastern Ohio and the State 
Teachers' Association, a Trustee of the Cleve- 
land Society of University Extension, and for 
two years Chairman of the Board of Examiners 
of Adelbert College of Western Reserve Uni- 

He was married December 24, 1878, at Bea- 
ver Dam, Wisconsin, to Miss Eva E. Gould, a 
graduate of 1875, of Downer College. Their 
children are Fred, Roy and Eva Lucile. Mr. 
and Mrs. Harris are memljers of the First Bap- 
tist Church of Cleveland. Mr. Harris is a son 
of David Franklin Harris, who was born in 
Vermont, near Bennington, in 1829, came to 
New York when a boy and grew up near Syra- 
cuse. For twenty-one years he was in Wiscon- 
sin and later was engaged in the real-estate 
business at Syracuse, where he died in Febru- 
ary, 1893. He married Lucretia, a daughter of 
Isaac Rowley, and they had four children, — 
Edward L., Julian T., Ada A. and Frank R., of 

l( BRAHAM TEACHOUT, Jr., was born 
1\ in the township of Manchester, Ontario 
1^ county, New York, August 17, 1817. 
His father, Abraham Teachout, Sr., with 
three brothers, — John, James, and William, one 
sister, Lovina, and their parents, Jacob Teach- 
out and wife, — removed from Herkimer county, 
that State, to Ontario county, same State, about 
the seventh year of the present century. The 
family is of Dutch ancestry. Early in tlie six- 
teenth century two brothers, John and Jacob 
Teachout, emigrated from Holland to America, 
and settled in the Mohawk valley, and from 
them have descended all the people bearing their 
name in this country. 

Western New York, at the beginning of the 
century, was a vast wilderness, broken here and 
there by a small settlement. The opportunities 
for acquiring an education were so meager that 
one was regarded fairly prepared for active life 



if lie could read, write, cipher and spell credit- 
ably; and such were the acquirements of this 
pioneer family. They all became devoted mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church, and James entered 
the ministry in middle life. The father died 
when the children were young, and the widow 
and orphans were obliged to provide for them- 
selves without much of this world's goods to 
start with. They cleared their farm, reclaiming 
eight or ten acres each year, and gathered the 
ashes, of which they made black salts, about the 
only thing that could be sold for money. 

In the fall of 1811, Abraham Teachout, Sr., 
married Clarissa Throop, a daughter of Benja- 
min Throop, Sr., who was a farmer and keeper 
of a country tavern; the family came from Con- 
necticut and settled in New York about the 
same time the Teachout family arrived; they 
were all large of stature, robust and vigorous. 
The father lived to the age of eighty-nine years, 
while his wife, who was a well educated and 
exceedingly intelligent woman, lived to be 
ninety-four years old. Her maiden name was 
Rachel Brown, and her family founded Brown 
University, in Ehode Island. Mr. Throop was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and during 
his absence his wife performed the necessary 
labor on the farm. They had four sons and 
four daughters: Benjamin, Jr., Samuel, Jesse, 
and Azel, Eunice, Martha, Clarissa and Lydia. 
Benjamin went to sea, circumnavigated the 
globe several times, and then retired to Palmyra, 
New York, where he died. Samuel sailed the 
lakes, and in early manhood was swept over- 
board in a storm. He had two sons, Horatio 
and Washington, both of whom were sailors on 
the lakes. Captain Horatio Throop was one of 
the oldest and best known captains that navi- 
gated Lake Ontario, and for years was superin- 
tendent of the Ontario & St. Lawrence Steam- 
boat Company, which position he was holding 
at the time of his death, in 1885. The family 
are held in the highest esteem in Ontario and 
surrounding counties. 

Soon after his marriage, Abraham Teachout 
enlisted in the war of 1812, and served until 

the close of that contest. In the autumn of 
1822 the family removed to Niagara county, 
New York, making the journey with an ox 
team; on the way they passed the hillside where 
the " prophet " Joseph Smith claimed to have 
dug out the plates of the Mormon Bible. At 
that time the family consisted of four sons and 
two daughters: Albert, Charles, Joseph, Abra- 
ham, Jr., Susan and Eunice. The mother died 
in 1824, leaving an infant that died soon after- 
ward. Few can realize the struggle of the 
father to provide for his family in the wild, new 
country, but the children were too young to 
recognize any occasion for anxiety. Mr. Teach- 
out was firm in his convictions, expressed his 
sentiments fearlessly, and vehemently de- 
nounced deception and dishonesty; he was held 
in high respect by all his neighbors. In regard 
to politics, he was a Whig from 1826 to 1830. 
During the excitement caused by the disap- 
pearance of Morgan, he was anti-Mason, that 
issue being the principal one in public estima- 
tion. He was once held a witness for several 
weeks in the celebrated Morgan trial in Orleans 
county. Possessing a fair education, he took 
an active part in local politics, was an orator of 
some merit, and was generally employed as a 
pettifogger in the lawsuits of his neighborhood; 
his regular fee was fifty cents for a half day, 
or seventy-five cents for the entire day. He 
was never a member of any secret society. In 
the fall of 1837, the family removed to Oiiio, 
and settled at Xorth Royalton, Cuyahoga 
county. Mr. Teachout finally died at Liver- 
pool, Medina county, Ohio, at the age of sixty- 
eight years; his remains were interred at 

Abraham Teachout, Jr., became of age 
August 17, 1838. He soon afterward went to 
Cleveland to seek employment, and traveled up 
and down the docks where nearly all the busi- 
ness was done. The sun was sinking low in the 
west, and his courage had begun to fail him, 
when he met a man named Eggleston whose 
wife was his cousin. Mr. Eggleston was cap- 
tain of a boat on the canal, and oflTered young 



Teachout a position, which was quickly ac- 
cepted. He began as bowsman, arose to the 
position of steersman, then captain, and finally 
became tiie owner of a boat. At the end of 
three years he sold his boat, and secured a situa- 
tion in the Brst elevator erected in Cleveland, 
which was owned and managed by William 

Forming the acquaintance of Robert Brayton, 
foreman of the Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Com- 
pany, Mr. Teachout entered into partnership 
with him to build a steam sawmill at Royalton. 
At the " raising " the usual whiskey was ex- 
pected. Mr. Teachout's father, a stanch tem- 
perance advocate, had always taught his sons 
the virtue of abstinence as a title to the highest 
respect. After the neighbors had placed the 
sills in position, they called for the "bottle." 
They were informed that tiiis was to be a tem- 
perance raising, when good men, even church 
members, offered to buy the whiskey, fearing 
that the frame could not be raised without it. 
Then came the struggle between conscience and 
custom. The eider Teachout mounted a saw- 
log and delivered an eloquent temperance ad- 
dress, which he concluded by informing the men 
that if they were not willing to do the work 
without liquor tliey coifld retire to their homes. 
Tiiey decided after a consultation to try it, but 
fears were expressed that some one might be 
hurt, as whiskey was supposed in those days to 
make men strong, " to keep off the heat in the 
summer, and the cold out in the winter." The 
frame went up and no one was " hurt." Then 
came an abundance of provisions, which were 
devoured with a relish, and cheers were given 
for the ''cold-water" raising. After several 
games of ball the men went to their homes 
happy and sober, to tell their wives and chil- 
dren how strange a thing had happened at the 
raising of the steam sawmill. 

The structnre was completed, and put in 
operation November 10, 1845. Mr. Teachout 
embarked in mercantile trade at Madison, Lake 
county, which he conducted in connection with 
his milling interests. In 1857 he sold out and 

purchased the mill privilege at Painesville, 
Ohio, where he built the flouring mill now 
owned and operated by Mr. Bigler. In 18G2 
he turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, 
which he followed extensively until the close of 
the Rebellion. In 1869 lie went South and en- 
gaged in the lumber trade and the sale of doors, 
sash and blinds, at Chattanooga, Tennessee; 
there the foundation of his present business in 
Cleveland was laid, although it was not in ac- 
tive operation until 1873. In p^irtuership with 
his son, Albert R., then twenty-one years of 
age, the firm of A. Teachont & Company was 
organized; their patronage extends over several 
States, and their trade amounts to half a million 
dollars annually. Albert R. Teachout is the 
manager of the business here. 

Mrs. Teachout died October 16, 1880; her 
maiden name was Julia Ann Towsley, and her 
-marriage to Mr. Teachout occurred February 
22, 1842. Mr. Teachout's second marriage was 
to Mrs. Laura E. Hathaway of Painesville, the 
Rev. A. B. Green, who officiated at his first mar- 
riage, performing the ceremony. He is now in 
his seventy-seventh year, is still vigorous and 
strong, and goes every day to and from business. 

Mr. Teachout was converted to Christianity 
through the preaching of Alexander Campbell, 
Walter Scott, A. B. Green and the Haydens. 
He was baptized at Royalton in June, 1851, by 
Elder William Hayden, at the annual Disciples' 
meeting, and united with the church at that 
place. In 1859 he removed to Lake county and 
transferred his membership to Painesville, where 
he served as an Elder until 1873, when he and 
his wife and son obtained letters to unite with 
the Franklin Circle Church, in Cleveland. He 
was elected a member of the board of elders 
soon afterward, and still liolds that office. 

He has always taken an active interest in ed- 
ucational affairs. In Madison, he served on 
the Board of Education four years, and tilled the 
same office in Painesville for nine years. He 
had been one of the trustees of Hiram College 
for thirty years, and for six years was president 
of the board; h'^ wa? chairman of the huildincj 



committee for the new building, and superin- 
tended the construction of the boys' ball. He 
was intimately acquainted with James A. Gar- 
field, whom beheld in the highest esteem. He 
cast bis first presidential vote for William 
Henry Harrison, and was a Eepublican until 
1883, when he transferred his allegiance to the 
Prohibition party. He has twice been the 
candidate of this party for mayor, once for the 
State Legislature, and once for Congress. He 
has been elected to numerous local offices of 
trust, and has had the settlement of several im- 
portant estates. He has prepared several ad- 
dresses which have been sought for publication, 
and has " dabbled " in poetry, as he himself 
expresses it. His first production in verse was 
entitled " Your Father's Growing Old," and 
was addressed to his son; in this he pays a beauti- 
ful tribute to the devoted wife and mother. 
" This Beautiful World," bringing to mind the 
strange mixture of good and evil in the world, 
" Fast Falls the Eventide," and one poem upon 
the death of President Garfield are among liis 
best efforts. 

We append a copy of Mr. Teachout's poem 


Oh this world, ftrhat a beautiful world, 

In spite of its sadness, its sorrows and cares, 

lis trials and pains, its shames and its stains. 
Its cruel deceits and its snares! 

With all its faults it's a glorious world; 

It's the only one given to man ; 
So let us accept it with thanks as it is, 

And enjoy it as long as we can. 

We'll say to the one who is complaining of life, 

And wishes his days at an end. 
Never yield to despair, but patiently bear 

Such mishaps as man cannot mend. 

For while we are traveling the journey of life, 
We should be humble, contented, resigned, 

Never worry nor fret; take the best we cau get, 
And leave the worst behind. 

We're here to struggle; it's Heaven's decree; 

Each man has amission to fill; 
Misfortunes may fret us, temptation beset us. 

But we are God's children still. 

When sad affiictions meet us, and enmity greets us, 
We should then on ourselves most rely; 

Be brave, for it takes, when the storm on us breaks. 
More courage to live than to die. 

This is a glorious world if we look at it right, 
And we should be thankful we're in it; 

There are blossoms in the grove, there are those we love. 
And success if we struggle to win it. 

So let us determine that happen what may 
We'll stay with the weeds and the flowers. 

The friend and the foes, the joys and the woes, 
Which make up this great world of ours. 

What folly to look on the dark side of life. 
While the world is refulgent with light! 

Come out of the shade, stand up undismayed, 
In the raiment of reason and right. 

There is room for us all on this wide spreading ball; 

So, with charity's banner unfurled. 
Let us join in one cry while old Time passes by. 

Three cheers for this grand and glorious world ! 

jrH August 11, 1846, at West Lebanon, 
II ^ Ohio. He attended the common schools 
^ in Wayne, his native county, and then 

entered Baldwin University at Berea, where he 
graduated in 1868. Before entering this uni- 
versity he taught school, to earn the means for 
defraying his expenses at the university. After 
his graduation he again taught school. 

In 1862 he enlisted in the One Hundred and 
Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and for eigh- 
teen months thereafter he was in active service, 
and for the remainder of the war he was on de- 
tached duty. 

At the close of the war he came to Cleveland 
for the purpose of studying law, and after read- 
ing law for a short time, his finances failing 
him, he found it necessary to return to school 
teaching, and taught or took charge of West 
liichfield Academy for two years. He both 
taught school and worked on a farm in order to 
gain funds with which to educate and prepare 
himself for the profession of law. In 1873 he 
graduated at the Ohio Law College, which was 
then at Cleveland, and was admitted to the bar. 


Soon after his graduation in the law he took 
charge of and settled up the large estate of a 
man named Wilson. This required his time 
and attention till 1877, when he began what 
has been a snccessful career in the practice of 
law. Subsequently was a candidate for Probate 
Judge, but not by reason of his own solicita- 
tion. As a lawyer Mr. Zehriug has been very 

He has always been a Democrat in politics 
and his party placed him upon the ticket, and, 
tliougli he was deieated, he made a very credit- 
able race, lowering considerably the usual Re- 
publican majority. In tlie spring of 1892 he 
received the unsolicited nomination for Director 
of Schools, under the Federal plan of municipal 
government which had been inaugurated in 
Cleveland, but he was again defeated by reason 
of the weakness of his party. 

In 1873 Judge Zehring was married to Miss 
Eunice Walker, daughter of J. S. Walker, of 
Wyoming county. New York. 

dj J. ERWIN, physician and surgeon, 1617 
Cedar avenue, Cleveland, was born in 
^ Trumbull country, Ohio, January 30, 1850, 
a son of Henry Erwin and Eliza J. (Squire) 
Erwin. His parents were born in Youngstown, 
Ohio, the father in 1825, and tlie mother in 
1829: after their marriage they removed to 
Newton Falls, Trumbull county, Ohio, then one 
of the most flourishing places on the Reserve. 

Nicholas Osborn, the great-great-grandfather 
of Dr. Erwin, emigrated from Loudoun county, 
Virginia, in the spring of 1798, and purchased 
1,000 acres of land in Youngstown township, 
800 acres in Cantield township, and 400 acres 
in Boardman township. He gave to any of his 
friends or neighbors alternate quarter sections 
of this land if they would settle there and make 
that their permanent home. 

Christopher Erwin, a lad from the north of 
Ireland, sailed for America in the latter part of 
April, 1756, as a substitute for an Englishman, 

with General Abercrombie's troops, and after 
the close of the French and Indian war settled 
in New Jersey. He afterward moved to Lou- 
doun county, Virginia, from which place he 
emigrated to Youngstown, Ohio, in 1808. 

His son, Jacob Erwin, married Elizabeth 
Osborn, a daughter of Anthony Osborn, son of 
Nicholas Osborn. Jacob Erwin was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, a Lieutenant in Captain 
Cotton's company, Colonel Raines' regiment. 
While his regiment was stationed at Clevehmd 
he acted as Quartermaster. 

Coming from a slave State where he had seen 
the effects of slavery in all its phases, he took 
strong position against it, and one of his first 
acts on coming into a free State was to establish 
an underground railway, which was successfully 


ated until slavery was abolisln 

He voted 

thefirst Free-soil ticket cast in Mahoning county, 
and died in 1864, after seeing the hopes of his 
life accompished in the abolition of slavery. 
He was generous in his gifts to all benevolent 
purposes. He furnished the timber which his 
son Henry liauled for the first frame Methodist 
Episcopal church in Youngstown. This build- 
ing is now used by Company H, Fifth Infantry, 
Ohio National Guards, as an armory. During 
the late civil war, Henry Erwin was out with 
the "Squirrel Hunters " one week during the 
famous Morgan raid. He served five years 
before the war in an independent cavalry com- 
pany, and in 1861 organized a cavalry company, 
many of whom went to the front, himself at 
the time not being eligble on account of physi- 
cal disability. He served his township at va- 
rious times as Trustee and Assessor, and the town 
as Street Commissioner and Marshal. He com- 
manded the respect of all classes of citizens. 
He and his wife were worthy members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Zopher Squire, great-great-grandfather of 
Dr. Erwin, was an Englishman and a soldier in 
the English and French war of 1756, where he 
received a severe wound, in the knee. His son 
James Squire emigrated to America and settled 
at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, whence he moved 


to New Castle, Pennsylvania, and he served with 
the American troops during the War of the 
Revolution. His son, John K. Squire, moved in 
1826, to Youngstown, Ohio, where he estab- 
lished a boot and shoe business, which he fol- 
lowed until he retired from business to live on 
his competency. During the late Civil war he 
enlisted in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry, but 
being over age was not allowed to be mustered 
into service. After spending some time at 
Camp Uennison, he returned to his family in 

William Morrow, grandfather of Eliza J. 
Squire and great-grandfatlier of Dr. Erwin,was 
born of Irish parentage in the city of Philadel- 
phia. He served as Captain in the war of 1812, 
at the close of his service receiving as a reward 
for meritorious duty a sword with a silver 
scabbard. His family afterward had the scab- 
bard molded into spoons, which were distrib- 
uted as trophies among his children. 

Dr. Erwii) is the second of a family of tiiveo 
children: Pliebe is the wife of James Ken- 
nedy, of Youngstown; and Amanda married L. 
F. Merrill, of Newton Falls. The Doctor re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of 
Newton Falls, and began the study of medicine 
under the direction of Dr. George G. Smith, an 
old army surgeon. He pursued his studies in 
this way for two years. In September, 1868, 
he secured a position as assistant to a dentist 
that he might procure funds for completing his 
medical course. In obedience to a law regulat- 
ing the practice of dentistry in Ohio, he ap- 
peared before a board of examiners appointed 
under said law, in December, 1871, and having 
passed a satisfactory examination received his 
license. He became very proficient in the pro- 
fession, and practiced dentistry until 1883. In 
1881 he attended a course of medical letures, 
at the old Cleveland Medical College, and in 
July, 1883, he established a pharmacy in 
Youngstown. In 1886 he attended another 
course of lectures in the Medical Department 
of the AVestern Reserve University, and in 1887 
he was graduated in the Medical Department of 

the University of Wooster, the president of a 
class of eighteen. In 1888 he was graduated 
at the National Institute of Pharmacy at Chi- 
cago, and in the same year, at Detroit, became 
a member of the American Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation. In 1889 he was elected president of 
his College Alumni Association. 

Disposing of his pharmacy and practice in 
Youngstown, he removed to Cleveland in De- 
cember, 1891. He was commissioned Captain 
and assistant Surgeon of the Fifth Regiment of 
Infantry, Ohio National Guard, in June, 1893. 
He is a member of the Cleveland and of the Cuy- 
ahoga County Medical Societies, and also of the 
Ohio State Medical Association. He has made a 
speciality of ol)stetricsand diseases of women, in 
which he has met with gratifying success. Being 
possessed of a marked inventive genius, while in 
the practice of dentistry he patterned a set of 
extracting instruments known as the J.J. Er- 
win forceps, ard since his connection with the 
medical profession has devised appliances which 
have become popular in the specialty of gynae- 
cology. The Doctor is a man of scholarly at- 
tainments, has been a contributor to current 
dental and medical literature, and has won the 
success of which he is worthy. 

Dr. Erwin has been a member of the Masonic 
fraternity twenty years, and belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias and the I. O. O. F. He 
united with St. John's Episcopal Church, of 
Youngstown, in 1875. 

In 1877, on the loth day of October, Dr. 
Erwin was married to Miss Nellie M. Spencer, 
a daughter of Nelson and Emily Spencer of 
of Newton Falls. They have had three daugh- 
ters, Nellie, Jessie and Edith: the last named 
died at the age of two and a half years. 

I| ACOB E. MUELLER, president and man- 
tc I *§^' ^^ ''''° Neue Presse Publishing Com- 
^^ pa'iy, was born in Hessen-Darrastadt, 
Gernuxny, and came to the ("^nited States in 
1869, since which time he has been a resident 
I of the city of Cleveland. He is a printer by 


trade and entered upon his first employment in 
tlie city with the printing and publishing house 
of tlie Evangelical Association, where he re- 
mained until 1873, after which he became fore- 
man of the Wacliter am Erie, of which paper 
lie soon after became business manager, and 
held that position up to 1889, when he started 
the first and only one-cent daily German paper 
in Ohio. 

Mr. Mueller is a member of different socie- 
ties; was also Corresponding Secretary of the 
Xorth American Saengerbund during the 
Saengerfest held in this city in 189,3. He has 
been and is a true and active worker in the 
interest of the Germans in America, and is one 
of Cleveland's industrious and worthy citizens. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

He was married in 1879 to Miss Annie 
Maurer, a dauo-hter of Martin Maurer and a 
native of Cleveland, Ohio. Their children are 
Lillie, Annie, Frances and one yet unmarried. 
Mr. Mueller's residence is at 854 Logan avenue, 
where he has a most beautiful and lovely home. 

dlOHN G. JENNINGS, one of the most 
prominent men in the building up of the 
■—- city of Cleveland, was born in New Haven 
county, Connecticut, November 5, 1825. His 
parents. Dr. Isaac and Nancy (Beach) Jennings, 
were natives of the same State. His father, 
after having practiced medicine for several years 
in that State, came to Ohio in 1840, and settled 
in Oberlin, where he resided and practiced his 
profession until 1853, when he came to Cleve- 
land, where he afterward lived retired from the 
activities of professional life. He was a man of 
great learning and original research, and by his 
publications, in books and press articles, prob- 
ably did more than any other man in America 
in medical reform. He might be considered 
the father of modern (anti-drug) medication, 
more even than the more noted Dr. Trail, of 
New York, who drew his doctrine and inspira- 
tion from Dr. Jennings. He was a pioneer in 

discovering the true principles of vital action. 
To the physical welfare of the world, therefore, 
it may be said that Dr. Jennings has contrib- 
uted more than any other man of this century. 
He was also prominent in church relations, 
being a zealous and consistent Deacon in the 
Congregational Church. He died at Oberlin, 
March 14, 1874, at the age of eighty-six years. 
His wife died many years before, January 27, 
1857, at the age of seventy years. She also 
was a devout Christian, in the same church. 
They had several children; among them were: 
Rev. Isaac Jennings, who was born July 24, 
1816, was a Congregational minister in Ben- 
nington, Vermont, for thirty-five years; was 
prominent in his profession, and esteemed both 
for his learning, and his devout religious en- 
thusiasm, and died in 1887. 

Catherine, born August 30, 1823, married 
Rev. Justin W. Parsons, who was a missionary 
to Turkey, and after doing a successful work 
there for a number of years, was murdered by 
natives, probably for the purpose of robbery; 
she is still continuing the work there. Before 
going abroad, she was for many years a well 
known and popular teacher in the schools of 
Cleveland, being one of the first lady teachers 
in the high schools of the city. 

Frederick Beach Jennings, who became a 
promising young man, and died soon after his 
graduation, at the age of twenty-one years. 

The gentleman whose name introduces this 
brief memoir, was educated at Oberlin College, 
but on account of failing health left the insti- 
tution before graduating, came to Cleveland, in 
1850, and embarked in the real-estate business. 
He platted a large tract of farm land adjoining 
the city, known as " Jennings' Allotment." 
To-day it is one of the most beautiful and im- 
portant portions of the city. He has been 
largely interested in Cleveland real estate, and 
has contributed much to the material develop- 
ment of the city, and has always been alive to 
every local interest. He was instrumental in 
securing the opening of Scranton avenue, whicli 
gave ready communication between the South 


and East Sides. Also he was a zealous worker 
in behalf of the first Seneca street bridge, ob- 
taining subscriptions for its building. In 1866 
he became the general agent for the Mutual 
Life Insurance Company, of New York, for the 
State of Ohio, and held the position until 1877, 
when he retired from the moi-e active duties of 
business life. His management of the insur- 
ance business was marked by phenomenal 

In 1855 he married Miss Caroline Reed 
Conkling, a daughter of Daniel Conkling, of 
Bennington, Vermont, where she was born and 
reared. They have three children, namely: 
John G. and Caroline Hubbell, twins, and 
George Conkling. John G. Jennings, Jr., 
since his graduation at Yale College, has been 
treasurer of the Larason & Sessions Company, 
manufacturers of bolts, nuts, rivets and wrenches, 
Cleveland, and is one of the active business 
men in the city. He married Miss Lillian Lam- 
son, and has one child, Isaac Lamson by 
name. Caroline Hubbell wedded Newton S. 
Calhoun, an attorney at law; and George C, 
after graduating at Yale, returned to Cleveland 
and established the foundry of Johnston & 
Jennings. Both Mr. and Mrs. Jennings, of 
this sketch, are members of the Pilgrim Con- 
gregational Church, of which he was an organ- 
izer and has for many years been Deacon. 

LOUIS C. HOSSFELD, a substantial citi- 
I zen of Middleburg township, Ohio, was 
1 born in Saxe-Weimar, Germany, Febru- 
ary 2, 1S56. .His parents were Nickolaus and 
Kunigunda (Lorey) Ilossfeld. They emigrated 
to America in July, 1872, and settled in Mid- 
dleburg township, where the mother died, March 
21, 1891. The father is a farmer, and still re- 
sides in Middleburg township. They had six 
children, namely: Peter, deceased; Dora, Bar- 
bara, Louis C, John and Anna. 

Louis C. passed the first sixteen years of his 
life in Saxe-Weimar, and came to America in 

March, 1872. He came direct to Cuyahoga 
county and has since been a resident of Mid- 
dleburg township. Farming has been his busi- 
ness, and in that occupation he has achieved 
success. He owns forty-five acres of land. 

In politics Mr. Hossfeld is independent, and 
in religion he is a member of the Lutheran 

'Jr^^OBERT WALLACE.— The subject of 
V^^ this review stands as one of the distinct- 
Jj ^ ively representative men of Cleveland, 
^ and a reference to the more salient points 

in his life history can not but prove interesting 
and profitable, since the high measure of .suc- 
cess and honor to which he has attained is the 
direct result of his own efforts and sturdy recti- 
tude of character. He is the architect of his 
own fortune, and, grateful for the success at- 
tained, yet holds ever in mind the fact that only 
earnest devotion, indefatigable industry, and cor- 
rect methods can assure such advancement, 
claiming to himself no undue honor, ])ut merely 
tracing the advances made as in the natural 
course of cause and effect. He was born in 
county Cavan, Ireland, May 17, 1834, the son 
of James and Mary A. (Sanderson) Wallace. 
He was reared on a farm in his native land and 
was educated in the national schools. At the 
age of nineteen years he emigrated to America, 
being the only representative of his family in the 
New World. His first year in tlie United 
States was passed at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and Camden, New Jersey, where for one year 
he was engaged in carpet weaving, and then he 
came direct to Cleveland. He then determined 
to learn the machinist's trade, and with this end 
in view secured a position with the Globe Iron 
Works, with whicli concern he retained his 
association for a term of many years, not sev- 
ering his connection therewith until July, 1886. 
He commenced work with the company as an 
apprentice, in due time became a journeyman, 
later a foreman, and finally secured an interest 
in the business. At the time of his withdi-awal 


be owned a one-fourth interest in the enterprise. 
Within the time of his connection with the 
Globe Iron Works he was for eight seasons act- 
ively identified with navigation, serving in the 
capacity of engineer upon some one of the pas- 
senger propellers on the lakes during the sum- 
mers and devoting his attention to his trade 
during the months when navigation was closed. 

Mr. Wallace has been particularly successful 
from a financial standpoint, having begun in life 
without capital or influential support. Improv- 
ing ever}' opportunity which presented itself, 
and living an industrious, honest and enterpris- 
ing life, he has accomplished much good, not 
only benefitting himself but others wlio have 
come within the range of his influence. It is 
interesting to note that the first individual 
business investment made by our subject was in 
the year 1866, when he and J. F. Pankhurst and 
Arthur Sautell established a small machine shop 
on the corner of Columbus and Center streets, 
in Cleveland, the enterprise being conducted 
under the firm name of Wallace, Pankhurst & 
Company. The enterprise was carried success- 
fully forward for two years, when the firm trans- 
ferred the same to William Bowler, in exchange 
for the latter's interest in the Globe Iron Works, 
in which organization and its operations our 
subject became a prime factor. 

Mr. Wallace was one of the origitiators and 
founders of the Cleveland Shipbuilding Com- 
pany, which was organized January 1, 1887. 
In this corporation Mr. Wallace has been a di- 
rector from the time of its inception, also hold- 
ing the ofllce of vice-president until September, 
1893, when he was advanced to the presidency. 
He is one of the largest stockholders in the Ship 
Owners' Dry Dock Company, of Cleveland, be- 
ing one of the directors of the same. For a 
number of years he was connected with the 
Cleveland Dry Dock Company; he owns an 
interest in several important vessels which 
he has aided in liuilding, and in addition to these 
important and representative business interests 
he is also concerned in numerous other enter- 
prises of minor importance, 

Fraternally Mr. Wallace is a member of the 
F. & A. M., with which he became identified in 
1861. He retains a membership in Halcyon 
Lodge, Thatcher Chapter, Forest City Com- 
mandery and Al Koran Mystic Shrine, being 
prominent in the Masonic circles of the State. 
He has been a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce since 1892. 

In 1862 was consummated Mr. Wallace's 
marriage to Miss Lydia P. Davis, of Cleveland, 
a descendant of an old Nantucket Quaker fam- 
ily. She died in 1879, leaving five children, of 
whom we offer the following brief record : James 
C. is vice-president of the Cleveland Shipbuild- 
ing Company; Nettie M. is the wife of Fred 
Whittlesey, of Cleveland; Mamie S.; Robert B.; 
and Herbert, who died at the age of nineteen 

In 1881, Mr. Wallace was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Fannie Lindsay, daughter of the 
late Thomas Lindsay, a well known resident of 
Cleveland, Ohio, for many years. By his sec- 
ond marriage our subject is the father of one 
child, Lindsay. The attractive family home is 
located at No. 345, Franklin avenue, and Mr. 
Wallace also has a handsome summer cottage 
eligibly located on Lake avenue. 

[( LBERT R. TEACHOUT, the junior 
1\ meml>er of the firm of A. Teachout & 
*i Company, was born at Royalton, Ohio, 
July 12, 1852, the son of Abraham 
Teachout, Jr., whose history is given in this 
volume. He received his education at Hiram 
College, and in 1873 entered into partnership 
with his father. They have a large and flour- 
ishing business, of which he is general manager, 
and in connection with the establishment at 
Cleveland they have a branch at Pittsburg, 
Pennsylvania, also another at Columbus, Ohio, 
where they transact a large business annually. 

Mr. Teachout was united in marriage in 1873 
to Miss Sarah A. Parmley, a daughter of David 
Parmley, a resident of Lake county, Ohio. 


Three children have been born to them, two 
sons and a daughter: Katherine, Albert R., and 
David W. Mr. and Mrs. Teachout are active 
members of the Christian Church, and contrib- 
ute liberally of their time and means to its 
support. Mr. Teachout is one of the directors 
of the Y. M. C. A., and is a Trustee of Frank- 
lin Avenue Church. His wife has been promi- 
nently identiiied with the work of the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union. They are both 
earnest, progressive and conscientious, and are 
highly esteemed by a wide circle of acquaint- 

ffJl' M. GKOUT, the venerable paymaster of 
Ir^i the New York, Lake Erie & Western 
II t Railroad Company, at Cleveland, has 
^ given the full measure of his active life 

to the service of railroad corporations. In his 
youth and early manhood he prepared himself 
for civil engineering in the most satisfactory 
manner, by going into the field with a survey- 
ing party and dragging a chain, driving stakes, 
runninw the rod level and transit and taking 
topography. When the Great Western Rail- 
road of Canada was being put through, Mr. 
Grout was a member of one of the engineering 
parties engaged in its location. He remained 
with this road until its main line and l)ranches 
were completed, requiring some years. Upon 
the outbreaking of the oil excitement in Lamp- 
ton county, Canada, Mr. Grout went there and 
cast his lot with the company, and was by popu- 
lar election made the company's surveyor. 

In 1802 Mr. Grout became identified with 
the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad, now in 
the Erie system of roads. He came to the 
company as a transit man, but was soon made 
assistant engineer. In 1868 he was put in 
charge as engineer and of maintenance of way, 
serving until 1873, when he was transferred to 
the treasurer's department, as assistant pay- 
master, and in 1877 was promoted to the posi- 
tion of paymaster. 

June 25, 1831, Mr. Grout was born at Grims- 
by, Ontario. There he grew to manhood, and 
was educated in a college in Toronto. He put 
in three years reading law, but decided to en- 
gage in railroad work, and dropped it. 

Mr. Grout's father was the Rev. George R. 
F. Grout, for twenty-three years rector of 
Grimsby. He was born in Quebec, Canada, 
June 29, 1804, and died in May, 1849. His 
father was a civil service officer in Lower Can- 
ada, and came from England about 1770. The 
maiden name of the mother of our subject was 
Eliza Waeker, and she was of Scotch descent. 
Her children are: H. M.; John H., a manu- 
facturer of Grimsby; Rev. George, rector of 
Lyn, Ontario; Adelaide and Alice. Mrs. Grout 
died in 1S84, aged seventy-seven years. 

November 8, 1853, Mr. H. M. Grout married 
Elizabeth Richard.son, who bore him two chil- 
dren: George, a civil engineer in Central 
America, and Eva. 

Mr. Grout is a Freemason of the highest de- 
gree, and is a member of the Cincinnati Con- 
sistory, N. W. Commandery of Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, and of Ravenna Lodge and Chapter. 
He is also a Knight of Honor and a Knight of 
the Maccabees of the World. 

IjAY L. ATHEY, one of the representative 
A^ I lawyers of Cleveland, is a son of the late 
^^ Lee Elisha Athey of Louisville, Kentucky, 
and was born January 28, 1856, in the town of 
Pieston, Virginia (now AVest Virginia), and 
with his parents went to Louisville, Kentucky, 
in 1860. One year later bis parents removed 
to Shepardsville, that State, where his home 
was made until 1866, when he went to Zanes- 
ville, Ohio, where he graduated at the city high 
school, in 1874. 

For two years thereafter he was engaged in 
bridge-building on the Ualtimore & Ohio Rail- 
road. He then became a schoolteacher in Pres- 
ton county, West Virginia, teaching one year. 
Returning to Zanesville in the spring of 1877, 


he there began tlie study of law under Southard 
A: Soutliard. A short time thereafter he re- 
sumed bridge-building at Louisville for the 
L. & C. Short Line, by the superintendent of 
whicii road he was later appointed bridge in- 
spector, which position he held for less than a 
year, resigning the same in order to come to 
Cleveland for the piirpose of resuming the 
study of law under Jackson & Pudney. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1879, and in April 
of the same year the law firm of Jackson, Pud- 
!iey & Athey was formed, and thereafter con- 
tinued for less than one year, when Mr. Athey 
made a change, only to return to his former 
partner, Judge Jackson, in the law, two months 
later, with whom he thereafter remained until 
1885, under lirm name of Jackson & Athey, 
when Mr. Jackson left Cleveland for Colorado. 
Previously Mr. Pudney had retired from the 
firm, and now Mr. Athey virtually became the 
successor of the old and successful firm. There- 
after he practiced under other associations, but 
after January, 1893, he was a tnemT)er of the 
law firm of Athey & Hogan, which was recently 
dissolved, and at present Mr. Athey is a mem- 
ber of the law firm of Ilerrick, Athey & Bliss. 

In politics Mr. Athey has always been Demo- 
cratic. As a Democrat he was elected a mem- 
ber of the City Council of Cleveland in the 
spring of 1882, and in 1883 he was elected, as 
he was familiarly called, as the " Kid Presi- 
dent " of the Council, being the youngest man 
who had ever l)een elected to that position, his 
age being at that time twenty-seven years. In 
the spring of 1884 he was re-elected to the 
Council, and that term served as Council mem- 
ber of the Board of Improvements. His first 
election to the Council was fromtheold Twelfth 
ward, his second election from the Twenty- 
fourth ward, and in the spring of 1886 he was 
elected for a third time, this time from the 
Thirty ninth ward. In the spring of 1887 the 
Council elected him City Auditor, to accept 
which office he resigned his position as a mem- 
ber of the Council, and from the office of City 
Auditor he retired upon tlje o'ose of his term 

in 1890, since which date he has been active in 
the practice of his profession. He has done a 
very great deal of successful criminal practice. 
He was a candidate for nomination to Congress 
from the Twenty-first district by the Demo- 
cratic convention in 1892, but was defeated in 
this race. 

May 16, 1892, Mr. Athey married Miss Car- 
rie E. Elliot, of Zanesville, Ohio. His father 
was born on the Potomac, in Maryland. In 
early life he began railroading, and spent many 
years as a conductor. He was conductor of the 
first train the Baltimore & Ohio ran into Graf- 
ton, West Virginia, and held that position till 
1859, then he became a conductor for the 
Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Upon the 
breaking out of the Civil war, he located in 
Louisville, Kentucky, where he subsequently 
died, and was interred in Cave Hill cemetery. 

V^. rector of St. Casimer's Church of Cleve- 
IJ ^ land, was born in Bohemia, November 
V 15, 1868. His parents are Anthony 

and Catherine (Doubek) Cerveny. Both of the 
parents live in Bohemia, where the father is a 
shoemaker by trade and a merchant of repute. 
The subject of this sketch is the second one in 
a family of five children, namely: Mary, the 
wife of Elmer Merritt, who resides in Chicago; 
Peter Matthew, Anthony; Antoinette and 

In Domazlicze, Bohemia, our subject was edu- 
cated. He passed an examination at maturity 
in the gymnasium, receiving the first degree, 
then entered the seminary at Prague, and at the 
university there studied theology and oriental 
languages, giving special attention to Hebrew, 
Syriac and Arabic. After studing one year he 
received testimonials, and with excellent recom- 
mendations came to America, landing in Decem- 
ber of 1889. Coming direct to Cleveland, he en- 
tered St. Mary's Seminary on Lake street, where 
he completed a theological course, and was or- 


daiiied priest by Bishop Horstmann, December 
18, 1892. Ke was appointed assistant at St. 
Stanislaus (Polisli) Church, with special in- 
structions. Later he took charge of his present 
work, receiving his appointment as pastor, July 
17, 1893: He has about 230 families under 
his charge. It is a new congregation, being es- 
tablished in 1892. In connection with the 
church is also a school. Since January, 1893, 
there have been in this church thirty-seven 
baptisms, seven deaths and five marriages. The 
school is taught by one teacher. 

Rev. Cerveny is a man of good education, 
good address and gives promise of prominence 
in his life work; speaks Bohemian, Slovak, 
Polish, German and English. The latter he 
speaks quite well. He preaches in the Polish 
language. He is of a genial spirit and of 
pleasing address, and is doing excellent work in 
the church of his choice and the country of his 

Rockport hamlet, Ohio, was a son of the 
late John C. Barthelman, who was born 
in Germany, January 27, 1811. His mother 
was Johanna Groli, who was also born in Ger- 
many, January 17, 1822. After their marriage 
they first settled in Parma township, Ohio, 
afterward removing to Rockport township, where 
the father died December 16, 1877. The wife 
and mother survives. They had six children, 
viz.: John, Kate, Frederick E., William (de- 
ceased), George (deceased) and Mary. 

Frederick E., who is the second son and third 
child of the family, was born in Parma town- 
ship, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, October 25, 1851. 
The following spring his parents removed to 
Rockport towiishij), where he grew to manhood 
and has always resided. He received a common- 
school education and remained under the pater- 
nal roof till his marriage, in Rockport township. 
March 20. 1877, to Miss Kate Reitz, who was a 
daughter of George P. Reitz and Mrs. Barbara 

Reitz. She was born in Rockport township, 
August 17, 1853. They had seven children, 
viz.: Peter, Bertha, Anna, Henry, Willie, John 
and Amelia. John died in infancy. Mr. and 
Mrs. Barthelman are members of the German 
Protestant Church. 

Mr. Barthelman has been a school director. 
He is a member of Amazon Lodge, No. 567, 
L (). O. F. He owns a fine farm of sixty-four 

DR. G. F. WEBB, E. M., was born in Ash- 
tabula county, Ohio, in 1852. After re- 
- — ceiving a liberal common-school educa- 
tion in Ashtabula county he went to New York 
city, where he completed a thorough literary 
course. Later he studied medicine in Chicago, 
under the direction of several eminent physi- 
cians of that city, meanwhile being engaged in 
hospital work. He graduated at the Homeo- 
pathic College of that city, and to-day he is the 
only physician in Cleveland holding the diplo- 
ma of a medical electrician. This diploma he 
received in 1889. In 1890 he located in the 
city of Cleveland, where as a medical electrician 
he has gained an enviable reputation and accom- 
plished wonderful work, built up a remunera- 
tive practice and established for himself the 
reputation of one thoroughly well prepared for 
his chosen field of labor. He has taken elec- 
tricity as his special study with reference to its 
curative powers applied to mankind. In no 
branch of science has there been a more won- 
derful advance tluui in the manipulation of elec- 
tricity and its application to disease. Some 
almost marvelous cures have been wrought. 
He holds that Science, the modern fairy god- 
mother, in opening up the great field of elec- 
tricity has done more to help mankind than all 
the richest men of the world that ever lived. 

From boyhood Dr. Webb has studied elec- 
tricity. He has invented electrical appliances 
which are endorsed by scores of the medical 
profession, and he has found his greatest sphere 


of usefulness in the cure of nervous diseases of 
men, women and children. He has stated his 
theory of practice and his belief in remedial 
electro-galvanic body appliances, and has proved 
his theory by living examples transformed from 
invalidism to health. He has made a national 
name by the " Dr. G. F. Webb Improved 
Electro-Galvanic Medical Body Batteries and 
Appliances." He uses no medicine whatso- 
ever, but confines his practice entirely to elec- 
tricity, and he has been very successful. He 
was the first to invent an electro-medical device 
that has been successful in curing deafness. Of 
this appliance he is patentee, and for his patent 
he has refused the handsome sum of $60,000. 
The sale of this appliance during the first two 
years it was on the market was double the above 
named sum. Dr. Webb is the inventor of sev- 
eral electro- medical appliances, and retains full 
control of all his inventions, manufacturing all 
of the same. These mechanisms are such as can 
be used not only in the physician's office, but 
may be used at the home of the patient, who 
may receive his instructions even by mail from 
Dr. Webb. One of his most valuable inven- 
tions is that of an electro-medical body battery, 
which has performed some remarkable cures. 
This invention is for the treatment of impaired 

Dr. Webb's electro- medical appliances are 
used throughout the United States, and have 
found their way to Europe and to other foreign 
countries. At the recent international exliibi- 
tion at Tasmania his electrical devices, in com- 
petition with the best equipments of this coun- 
try and Europe, received the highest premium 
and a gold medal. Having gained fame as an 
inventor of electro-medical apparatus and as a 
medical electrician, Dr. Webb was made an 
honorary memlier of "The Society of Eoyal 
Arts and Sciences of France." His appliances 
in the Columbian Exposition attracted consider- 
able attention. 

He is a writer of ability and has furnished 
some very valuable articles upon the application 
of electricity in the treatment of nervous dis- 

eases. Among these treatises the most impor- 
tant is that under the title of "Electro-Medical 
Theory and Practice," a practical treatise on the 
treatment of diseases with electro-galvanic body 
batteries and appliances. His experience has 
been successful in making electrical treatment 

Dr. Webb is scarcely past forty years of age 
and is in the noonday of life, and having 
accomplished such good success already it is but 
reasonable to suppose that much in his line he 
will yet accomplish. His success is another 
living example of that law known as " the sur- 
vival of the fittest." Notwithstanding the fact 
that Dr. Webb has gained all of his fame and 
has received honors after honors, it has made 
but little difference in his daily life with others. 
He is a pleasant and instructive gentleman to 
know, and in his daily intercourse with his 
fellow-men he is homelike, pleasant and court- 
eous, always taking into due consideration the 
rights and privileges of others. 

In 1887 Dr. Webb was united in marriage 
with Miss N. Hill, of Ashtabula county. She 
is a daughter of one of the oldest and best 
known families of that section of the State. 
She comes of old New England stock of re- 
spectability and refinement. Dr. and Mrs. Webb 
have three children, namely: Leroy A., Pearl 
E. and Faith E. The Doctor and his wife are 
leading members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and both do active and valuable service 
in the interests of the church and its societies. 

CHARLES A. WALKER, of Rockport 
hamlet, is a son of Charles Walker, who 
died in St. Johns, Ontario, Canada. The 
mother was Mary Murphy, who still survives. 

Charles A. Walker was born in New York 
city, June 20, 1847. When he was about seven 
years old his parents removed to the northern 
part of New York State; here and in St. Johns 
the son continued to live till he was about six- 
teen years of age. He then came to Cleveland, 


Ohio, and was employed in a lumber yard for 
some seventeen years, in February, 1882, com- 
ing to Kockport township, where for three 
years he was engaged in gardening. In the fall 
of 1884: he took up the mercantile business in 
Kockport hamlet. He carries a good stock of 
general merchandise and enjoys a good trade. 
He is also the caterer and confectioner of the 

He was married in Rockport township, June 
13, 187(j, to Miss Emma A. Jordan, daughter 
of Chauncy and .Julia (Pressley) Jordan, who 
are residents qf Cleveland. They had three 
children, of whom Mrs. Walker was the eldest. 
She was born November 25, 1857, in Rockport 
township, where she was reared. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walker have three children, — 
Charles H., Fred E. and Julia E. 

Mr. Walker takes a part in local affairs. 
Mrs. Walker is a member of the Congregational 


general freight agent of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railway at Cleve- 
land, was born at Eagleville, Ashtabula 
county, Ohio, January 22,1842; obtained his 
early education at the common schools, moved 
to Cleveland in 1852. and finished his education 
at the West Cleveland high school. 

He commenced work in the ofiice of the old 
Cleveland & Toledo Railway Company in 1856, 
located at that time on Whisky island. In 
1857 he accepted a position in the Cleveland & 
Pittsburg Railway ofiice, and in 1859 was of- 
fered a position as agent of the Columbia & 
Charlestown Railroad, at Cohimhia, which he 

The war cloud in 1860 made it evident that 
there would be trouble between the North and 
the South, and Mr. Andrus, preferring to be on 
the Union side of the controversy, left Columbia 
and went direct to Chicago, securing employ- 
ment in the office of the Chicago, Burlington & 
Qtiincy Railroad Company. At length the war 

broke out; business came to a stand-still, and 
Mr. Andrus returned to Cleveland and secured 
a position with Addison Hills, general freight 
agent of the Cleveland, Painesville «fe Ashta- 
bula Railway and the Cleveland, Columbus, 
Cincinnati & Indianapolis Railway. At that 
time the following young men were in the office 
employed as clerks, who afterward rose to high 
position in i-ailroad service: 

George H. Vaillant, who in 1881 was ap- 
pointed general freight agent of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railway Company, and 
is at present second vice president of the Erie 
Railway Company at New York city. 

J. T. R. McKay, who-was appointed general 
freight agent of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railway Company on the retirement 
of Mr. Vaillant. 

Oscar Townsend, who became president of 
the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati & Indian- 
apolis Railway Company in 1870, also general 
manager of the Cleveland, Lorain & Wheeling 
Railway in 1883. 

O. 13. Skinner, in 1885 traffic manager of the 
Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis 

Thomas Carson, who became general freight 
agent of the Louisville & Nashville Railway. 

Lucien Hills, who was appointed general 
freight agent July 1, 1861, of the Clevelaud, 
Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis Railway. 

A. B. Hough, at present division freight 
agent of the "Big 4" (Cleveland, Columbus, 
Cincinnati & Indianapolis) Railway at Cleve- 

Jay Morse, who subsequently left the rail- 
road business and became a millionaire and 
president of the Illinois Steel Company. 

We doubt whether there is another railroad 
office in the country that can show so fine a rec- 
ord of clerks advanced to high positions of re 
sponsibility and trust. 

Mr. Andrus made the first through way-bill 
from Cleveland to New York by the Empire 
line. Oscar Townsend was then agent of the 
line, and at that day no railroad made way-bills 


beyond tlieir own junction stations. Everything 
was transferred and re-billed, which was a very 
expensive manner of transacting tlie business as 
con)pared with the facilities and through billing 
of the present day. 

After the consolidation of the Cleveland & 
Toledo, the Cleveland, Painesville & Ashtabula 
and the Buffalo & Erie Railways, G. H. Vaillant 
was appointed agent at Cleveland, and Mr. 
Andrus was at that time chief clerk. Mr. 
Vaillant was appointed assistant general freight 
agent of the Lake Shore Eailway in 1873, and 
Mr. Andrus succeeded hini as agent May 26, 
1876, and has held this position to the present 

May 2, 1864, Mr. Andrus enlisted in Com- 
pany C, One Hundred and Fiftieth Regiment, 
Ohio National Guards, C'jlonel W. II. Hay- 
ward commander. The regiment was ordered to 
Washington, District of Columbia, and occupied 
Forts Bunker Hill, Lincoln, Slocum, Stevens, 
Sleraraer, Totten, Thayer and Saratoga on the 
north of the capitol, and held these forts when 
they were menaced by general Early in July, 
1864. Mr. Andrus was detailed by E. M. 
Stanton, Secretary of War, to report at the ofMce 
of J. B. Frye, provost-marshal general. Shortly 
after his arrival at the war department in 
AVashington, he enlisted in the War Depart- 
ment Rifles, Samuel Dana commander, and was 
appointed Sergeant. When General Early made 
his raid in July, just mentioned, this regiment 
was sent out to hold the right of the line. The 
old Sixth Corps was sent by General Grant to 
protect the capitol, and occupied tlie center, and 
forced General Early and his army down the 
Shenandoah valley. 

Mr. Andrus was honorably discharged and 
mustered out of service at Washington, August 
13, 1864, by Captain J. S. Poland, Second 
United States Infantry, Commissary Muster 
Department at Washington, on December 15, 
1864, received from President Lincoln thanks 
and a certificate of honorable service, dated at 
the executive mansion at Washington, Septem- 
ber 10, 1864. 

At present Mr. Andrus is a member of the 
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce; of Tyrian 
Lodge, No. 370, F. & A. M. ; of Royal Arcanum, 
No. 673; of the National Union; and of Tent 
No. 5, Knights of the Maccabees. 


i\ lessly to and fro flies the deft shuttle 
ii which weaves the web of human life, — 
of human destiny, — and into the vast 
mosaic fabric enters the individuality, the 
effort, the accomplishment of each man, be his 
station that most lowly or one of majesty, pomp 
and power. Within the textile folds may be 
traced the line of each individuality, be it one 
that lends the beautiful silver sheen of honest 
worth and honest endeavor, or one that is dark 
and zigzag finds its way through warp and 
woof, marring the composite beauty by its 
darkened threads, ever in evidence of the 
shadowed and nnprolitic life. Into the great 
aggregate each individuality is merged and yet 
the essence of each is never lost, be the angle 
of its influence wide-spreading and grateful, or 
narrow and baneful. In his efforts he who 
essays biography finds much of profit and much 
of alluring fascination when he would follow 
out, even in a cursory way, the tracings of a life 
history, seeking ever to discover the key-note 
of each respective personality. These eflorts in 
their resulting ti-ansmiesion can not fail of value 
in an objective way, for in each case may the 
lesson of life be conned, "line upon line, and 
precept upon precept." 

He to whose life history we now direct at- 
tention occupies the conspicuous position as 
Special Deputy Collector of Customs at the port 
of Cleveland, district of Cuyahoga, and by his 
own efforts has he gained such precedence and 
distinction as entitle him to the honor and re- 
spect of all. He was born April 16, 1839, in 
the township of Bristolville, Trumbull county, 
Ohio, being the second son in a family of nine 
children born to William and Adaline Julia 
Fenton. William Fenton was a farmer, sturdy, 


self-reliant and of invincible integrity, — such a 
man as would naturally transmit to bis children 
that most valuable heritage indicated in the 
sterling attributes of character which ever domi- 
nated his life. The youth of our subject was 
not one of sybaritic ease and prodigal advan- 
tages, for he passed his days in such service as 
was usually demanded of the older sons of a 
pioneer farmer in the " good old days " before 
the war. He was not denied sucli educational 
advantages as were afforded the average youth 
of that time and place, being enabled to attend 
the district schools through the winter mouths, 
otherwise devoting his time to work upon the 
farm until he had attained his majority. 

At this period the political horizon was fre- 
quently obscured by the gruesome clouds which 
gave premonition of that great fratricidal con- 
flict soon to be pi-ecipitated upon a divided 
country. Intellectually alert and ever interested 
in the affairs and questions which had bearing 
upon the public weal, and with such indifferent 
knowledge of parliamentary law and such ex- 
perience as he had been enabled to gain in the 
debating society of the district school, his aspi- 
rations to become a lawyer were enkindled and 
he proceeded to consult ways and means and to 
formulate plans by which he might follow out 
his cherished scheme. Finally, in 1860, he 
entered the Hiram Eclectic Institute, then at 
the zenith of its power and influence under Pro- 
fessor James A. Garfield, the late martyred 
President of the Union. The year spent at the 
institution named was one of signal benefit to 
Mr. Fenton, and his possession of the elements 
of popularity as a student early became mani- 
fest, eventually gaining to him the lasting 
friendship of Mr. Garfield and other members 
of the faculty, as well as that of his fellows. He 
was known as a superior type of the all-round 
athlete and as a champion player in the college 
game of cricket, which at that time held such 
prestige in all centers of learning as is now ac- 
corded to base-ball and foot-ball. 

"Within the days passed on the farm he had 
become a most ext-elleiit horseman, and natur- 

ally upon the outbreak of the civil war we find 
him enlisted, in October, 1861, as a member of 
Company A, in the Sixth Regiment of Ohio 
Cavalry. He followed the fortunes of this gal- 
lant and valiant regiment from its entry into 
service under General Frement, in 1862, until 
the " round-up" at Appomattox in 1865, serv- 
ing in the command of such general cavalry 
officers as Buford, D. McM. Gregg, Crook and 

The same qualities which had gained him 
such unmistakable popularity while in school 
had a marked influence npou his military career, 
for he promptly secured and ever retained the 
esteem and good will of the members of his 
regiment. Upon the organization of his com- 
pany he was appointed Corporal, and soon 
thereafter, much to his surprise and more to 
that of all the orderly sergeants and sergeants 
of the line, he was named as Sergeant-Major of 
the regiment, by promotion from the oftice of 
Corporal. His efficiency as a skilled horseman, 
his peculiar aptitude for military tactics and 
affairs and his fine clerical ability soon gained 
him further recognition and honors, resulting 
in his promotion to the position as Adjutant of 
the regiment. Long before the close of the war 
Mr. Fenton was advanced to a position of still 
greater importance and responsibility, being 
commissioned by Governor Brough as a Cap- 
tain and being thereupon mustered into Com- 
pany D. While serving with his command 
during the memorable campaign ending at 
Appomattox he was detailed as Acting Assist- 
ant Inspector General of Cavalry, serving in 
this capacity upon the staff of Brevet Major- 
General Charles II. Smith, of the Third Brig- 
ade, Second Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of 
the Pgtomac, and also upon the staff of Major- 
General George Crook, commanding the Second 
Division of Sheridan's Cavalry C'orps, Army of 
the Potomac. Captain Fenton was twice 
slightly wounded, and within his four years' 
service he participated in more than eighty 
battles and skirmishes. Such a record of ac- 
couiplishiiifii" ami honuraijle preferim^nt is one 


cutaso&a oounty. 


that may well lie held as a source of gratifica- 
tion to our subject; is one that should ever re- 
dound to the honor of one who played well his 
part ill that sanguinary struggle which eradi- 
cated the foul blot upon the escutcheon of our 
nation and preserved to us an integral union of 
the vast domain representing the grandest re- 
public known to the annals of history. The 
debt which later generations owe to the gallant 
" boys in blue" should never abate by one jot 
or tittle its weight, but there need be no burden 
entailed, for this is lifted by a lively and per- 
petual recognition and appreciation of the ser- 
vices rendered at so great peril and with so 
perfect self-abnegation. 

After the close of the war Captain Fenton 
located in Cleveland, and this city has ever since 
continued to be his place of residence. A man 
fearless in the expression of his opinions, never 
prostrating himself in sycophancy or for mere 
policy's sake, one whose character has withstood 
the crucial tests, it is but natural that he should 
have attained to popularity and high esteem 
during tiie long years of his residence in the 
Forest City. He served for eight consecutive 
years as a member of the Board of Education, 
in which body he was known as an unswerving 
defender of what he believed to be right, never 
winking at incorrect measures by even so much 
as the negative evidence of silence. Swerved 
by circumstances from his original design of 
preparing himself for the practice of law, his 
life work has been turned into channels of equal 
usefulness. For twenty-one consecutive years 
he had charge of the itnporting desk in the cus- 
tomhouse at Cleveland, and for the past year he 
has held preferment as Special Deputy Col- 
lector of the port. He has proved a very effi- 
cient officer, is a favorite of the Treasury offi- 
cials and is held in high regard i)y the import- 
ers of this collection district. His thorouo-h 
knowledge of customs laws and his familiarity 
with the intricacies of the numerous rulings 
thereon make him an expert authority in this 
line. In \\]^ bearing Captain Fenton is unpre- 
tentious, unassuming and accessible. To all 

manner of men he is ever the same courteons 
gentleman, and in his execution of the onerous 
duties of his office he is ever ready to accord due 
attention and consideration to those who seek 
for information. These facts are practically 
self-evident from even the little insight into his 
character which these lines have afforded. He 
is held in the highest estimation both as an 
official and a citizen, for these honors are never 
denied when justly due. 

The Captain is a member of Memorial Post, 
No. 41, G. A. K., and is also identified with 
the Ohio Commandery of the Loyal Legion. He 
is treasurer of the Euclid Avenue Christian 
Church, of which he has long been a worthy 

On March 13, 1864, while home on leave of 
absence on account of re-enlistment as a 
" veteran," Captain Fenton was united in 
marriage, at North Bloomfield, Ohio, to Miss 
Elmira K. Ferry. They are the parents of one 
daughter, Alice Garfield Fenton, and the little 
family circle maintain a happy and attractive 
home at 62 Lincoln avenue. 

K I' — It is with unmistakable satisfaction 
^^ that we now direct attention to the life 
and accomplishments of one who has been for 
many years a resident of the Forest City, who 
stands conspicuously forth by reason of his 
high professional attainments, and as a man of 
innate nobleness of character, — one who lias 
lived an active and useful life, and whose min- 
istrations have been a power for the good of his 
fellow- men. 

The son of Dr. Moses Chapin and Harriet 
Maria Sanders, our subject was born in Peru, 
Huron county, Ohio, July 2, 1825, his parents 
having been among the early settlers in the 
county noted. Dr. Moses C. Sanders was one 
of the pioneer physicians and surgeons of the 
Western Reserve, a man widely known and 
' most hici-hly honored, being an able and distin- 


guislied member of his profession. For many 
years prior to his demise, he was one of the 
censors of the medical department of the West- 
ern Eeserve College. He was a native of Mil- 
ford, Massachusetts, where he was born May 27, 
1789; he died, in Peru, Ohio, May 18, 1856. 
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and served for many years as chorister in the 
church of that denomination in Peru. His 
wife, Harriet Maria, nee Thompson, was born 
December 25, 1797, her death occurring Oc- 
tober 20, 1829. She also was a lifelong and 
devoted member of the Presbyterian Church. 

Our subject's preliminary literary studies 
were pursued in the academy at Milan, Ohio, 
and he received his medical training under the 
able direction of his father, who was recognized 
as one of the most distinguished physicians and 
surgeons of Northern Ohio. When sufficiently 
advanced in his professional studies, he entered 
the medical department of the Western Re- 
serve University, where he graduated in 18-48. 
After eighteen months' practice with jiis father 
he became so impressed by his sense of need of 
a broader culture, that he gave up his profession 
and entered the Western Reserve College, at 
Hudson, Ohio, where he passed two years, pur- 
suing a full classical course. He then entered 
Yale College, where he graduated in 1854. He 
then returned to Ohio, and located at Xorwalk, 
where he resumed the practice of medicine, in 
company with Dr. A. N. Reed, his father's 
partner, this association continuing for three and 
one-half years. Dr. Sanders then removed to 
Cleveland, where he became interested in the 
theories aud methods advanced by the Homeo- 
pathic school of practice. Investigation and 
study resulted in bringing to him conviction 
tliat the new interpretation of medical science 
was the more correct and consistent, and he 
forthwith arrayed himself with the " new 
school," and entered upon the practice which 
has accrued so largely to his success and prestige 
in a professional way. 

In 1859 there came a consistent recognition 
of his ability in his election to the chair of ob- 

stetrics and diseases of women and children, 
in the Homeopathic Hospital College of Cleve- 
land. In tlie following year he was granted a 
still more marked preferment, being elected to 
the presidency of the institution, which office 
he filled until 1868. 

As a teacher of obstetrics. Dr. Sanders is a 
recognized authority, standing second to no 
other in the Union, and being regarded as the 
equal of any European instructor. With the 
exception of two years, he has delivered at the 
college, the yearly course of lectures on obstet- 
rics for a period of thirty-four years, and he has 
occupied the ehair of physiology, also that of 
principles of practice. In 1880 he was elected 
to the important office as Dean of the Faculty, 
which position he holds at the present time. 

The Doctor is a member of the State Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society, of which he was for a 
number of years treasurer, and chairman of the 
Bureau of Obstetricy, and for one year presi- 
dent. He is also a member of the American 
Institute of Homeopathy, of which organiza- 
tion he has served, at different intervals, as 
vice-president, president and chairman of the 
bureau of obstetrics, having ])een the incumbent 
in the office last noted for a term of many years. 

In recapitulating the Doctor's college ser- 
vices, we may here record that he has been 
identified with the Homeopathic Hospital Col- 
lege of Cleveland, in various official capacities, 
for thirty-four consecutive years; that for 
thirty-two years he has been professor of ob- 
stetrics; for one year professor of physiology; 
and for one year professor of principles of prac- 
tice. This record is perhaps without a parallel 
in the State. In connection with his professor- 
ship, he also served as president of the college 
for six years, and as dean for seven years, wiiich 
latter incumbency he is still holding with honor 
to hiniself and the institution. Incidentally, it 
is worthy of note that the Homeopathic Hos- 
pital College of Cleveland, now the (Cleveland 
University of Medicine and Surgery, is the 
oldest (with consecutive history) Homeopathic 
college in the world. 



In 1892 the honorary degree of LL. D. was 
conferred npon Dr. Sanders by the Illinois Col- 
lege at Jacksonville. Though the Doctor has 
nearly reached the three-score years and ten, 
which are pronounced as man's allotment, he is 
enjoying excellent health, is robust and vigorous 
and seems yet in the prime of manhood. He 
has been a close student during his entire mature 
life, and has never flagged mentally or physi- 
cally under the severe test of continuous ap- 
plication and labor. He has ever maintained a 
progressive attitude in his professional work, 
and has kept thoroughly in touch with all ad- 
vances in the medical science, and familiar with 
the most modern and approved methods. By 
virtue of his ability and high position as an 
obstetrician, his services and presence have been 
in great demand in cases of consultation, far and 
near. In the treatment of the diseases of children 
especially, has he gained an enviable reputation, 
and an extensive and representative practice. 

As a citizen, the Doctor follows out the same 
rule as that which he has retained in the line of 
his profession: he has kept pace with the latter- 
day progress, and has maintained a lively and 
active interest in all that tends to conserve the 
public welfare. He has a passionate fondness 
for poetic literature. 

October 25, 1854, Dr. Sanders was united in 
marriage to Miss Albina G. Smith, daughter of 
Ezra and Amy G. Smith, well known residents 
of northern Ohio, both now deceased. Our 
subject and his wife became the parents of six 
children, three of whom are living, namely: Dr. 
J. Kent Sanders, A. JVI., who is a graduate of 
Illinois College, and of the Homeopathic Hos- 
pital College of Cleveland, at which latter he 
graduated in 1881, and in which he now holds 
preferment as professor of the principles and 
practice of surgery and of surgical pathology. 
He has been a practitioner in the city for sev- 
eral years, and is one of the most thoroughly 
informed and most capable of the younger 
surgeons of the State, having studied abroad, in 
the hosi)itals of Paris, Berlin, Vienna and other 

In 1886 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Nellie Louise, daughter of Hon. Charles A. 
Otis, of the Otis Steel Works, and formerly 
Mayor of Cleveland. Albina G., daughter of 
our subject, is a graduate of Miss Middle- 
burger's school in Cleveland; and Franklin B., 
a graduate of Adelbert College, class of 1892, 
is now in the employ of the Western Reserve 
Bank of Cleveland. 

FW. DAVIS, a physician and surgeon at 
No. 387 Pearl street, Cleveland, was born 
— in Merrimac county. New Hampshire, 
July 14, 1853, a son of William S. and Maria 
E. (Widmer) Davis. The father was born in 
Boston, September 25, 1825, moved with his 
parents to New Jersey when young, and fol- 
lowed the sea for thirteen years. During the 
late war he enlisted in Company C, Thirteenth 
New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry, and after 
three years of service was prostrated by a sun- 
stroke, from which he never fully recovered. 
After returning to his command, he was trans- 
ferred to the navy, where he served utitil the 
expiration of his term of enlistment. Dr. Davis 
was at first a carriage manufacturer by occupa- 
tion, and was senior member of the firm of 
Davis & Son. He was one of the founders of the 
Brothers Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and was a member of the I. O. 0. F. and of the 
E, E. Sturtevant Post, G. A. R. His death oc- 
curred in February, 1890. Mrs. Davis, a na- 
tive of Switzerland, resides in Concord, New 
Hampshire, aged sixty-six years. They were 
the parents of six children, all still living. 

F. W. Davis, the only one of the above family 
in the West, came to this city in 1872. He se- 
cured the position of clerk in the office of Su- 
perintendent of the Lake Shore Railroad, and 
while there also read medicine with Dr. G. O. 
Spence and W. H. Kitchen. In 1882 he 
graduated in the medical department of the 
Western Reserve University, and immediately 
the practice of his profession, on Pearl 


DVT.iffoeA OOtTNTT. 

street, Cleveland, and is well and favorably 
known as one of the prominent young physi- 
cians of. the city. He is genial, pleasant and 
courteous, and in every way worthy and es- 
teemed citizen, as well as a practitioner of skill 
and ability. 

In 1876 the Doctor was united in marriage 
with Miss Hannah M. Hubble, a daughter of 
Oliver C. and Harriet Hubble, both now de- 
ceased. The father was born in Newburg, 
Ohio, in 1818, was a farmer in early life, and 
afterward became a teacher of penmanship and 
art. After residing in Chagrin Falls and 
Strongsville, he came to Cleveland in 1862. lo- 
cating on the West Side, where he died May 2, 
1890. Mrs. Hubble was born in England, 
came with her parents in a wagon from Phila- 
delphia to Ohio at the age of sixteen years, was 
married in Chagrin Falls, and her death oc- 
curred in 1888, when she was aged sixty-six 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Hubble were the oldest 
members of the Franklin Avenue Christian 
Church. Our subject and wife have one child, 
Howard H. Mrs. Davis is now a member of 
the Disciple Church. 

E' A. HANDY, chief engineer of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Kailway 
1 Company, was born in Barnstable, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 4, 1855, educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native village, and completed 
a course in the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology in 1875. For two years thereafter he 
was engaged in important work in South Boston 
Flats, in the improvement of Boston harbor, as 
assistant engineer and inspector of masonry. 
The next year his alma mater numbered him 
among her faculty as instructor in civil engi- 
neering. Next for two years he was engineer 
in southern Colorado for the Atchison, Topeka 
»fe Santa Fe Railroad Company, on construction 
work; tlien was locating engineer for the Mex- 
ican National Kailway, then in process of con- 
struction, and in a year was made chief engi- 
neer of the northern division of that line. 

In 1888 he accepted a position as engineer 
for the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Rail- 
road Company, on the Lake Shore division; and 
in June, 1891, was made chief engineer of the 

He is a member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers. His efficiency as an engineer 
is best evidenced by a reference to the import- 
ant trusts he has tilled since his graduation. 

His father, Job W. Handy, was born in Mas- 
sachusetts, became a sea captain, and died in 
1873, at the age of fifty years. He married 
Miss Rebecca, a daughter of John Otis, a de- 
scendant of a brother of the famous James Otis 
of the days of 1776. John Otis married a Miss 
Hinkley, a descendant of Governor Hinkley, of 
Massachusetts. Captain Handy's children are 
seven in number, and all living, natnely: John 
O., a ranchman in Texas; James O., a chemist 
in charge of the Pittsburg testing laboratory; 
E. A., our subject; Leon S.; Ella, wife of E. B. 
Rogers, of Boston; and Annie and May. 

Mr. E. A. Handy was married in Milton, 
Massachusetts, March 26, 1890, to Amy, a 
daughter of John Littletield, of an old New 
England family, descended on her mother's side 
from the Kings and Gannetts. Mr. and Mrs. 
Handy have two children, named John Little- 
field and Edward Otis. 

W\ D. BUSS, city pas£ 
Pennsylvanialines, ' 
Carroll countv, Ohi- 

passenger agent of the 
was born in Oneida, 
Carroll county, Ohio, March 16, 1847, 
grew to maturity there, receiving a liberal 
English education, and when eighteen years of 
age received the appointment as agent for the 
Cleveland & Pittsliurg Railroad Company at 
Oneida. He remained there till March, 1874, 
when he was transferred to Canal Dover, Ohio, 
in the same capacity, serving till October, 1879, 
when he was moved to Cleveland and given 
charge of the Newburg station. In 18S4 he 
was appointed chief clerk to assistant general 
passenger agent C. L. Kiinball, and in 1888 
succeeded C. B. Squire as city passenger agent. 



His father, A. E. Buss, born in New Hamp- 
shire in 1814, eaine to Ohio in 1839, ioeatiiig 
in Oneida, and fortiied a partnership with 
George Hull, and they established a merchan- 
dising business and remained together till 1872, 
when the death of the former separated them. 

A. E. Buss was a leader in thought and 
action in Carroll county, and although in no 
sense a politician he was put forward twice by 
the Republican party as a candidate for the 
Lower House of the State Legislature and was 
as often elected. 

He married in New Hampshire, Harriet 
Adams, and reared seven children, namely: 
Frank, who died during the Civil war, in which 
he served as a Union soldier; Mary, wife of 
Rev. J. S. Ross of Sharon, Pennsylvania; and 
W. D., — the others being deceased. 

In 1S71 Mr. W. D. Buss was married, in 
Oneida, to Fanny S. Gardner, whose parents 
were from Utica, New York. The children of 
this union are: Charles M., Deputy Clerk of 
the L'^nited States District Court, aged twenty; 
Harriet M.; Charlotte A.; Mark A.; William 
G., Robert A. and Dorothy H. Three little 
ones were taken away in one day by diphtheria, 
in 1891, — Laura M., Catherine and Walter. 

Fraternally Mr. Buss is a Freemason, a Past 
Master of Newburg Lodge, and a member of 
Baker Chapter. He is now serving on the 
School Board of this city, being elected to that 
body in the spring of 1892. 

\1LLIAM HORN, Bishop of the Evan- 
gelical Association, resides at No. 
1225 Slater avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Of his life we make record as follows: 

Bishop William Horn was born in Siegen, 
Westphalia, Prussia, May 7, 1839, son of Jacob 
and Margaretha (Giebeler) Horn, both natives 
of Prussia, and members of the State Church 
of Prussia. His father was a miner by occupa- 
tion, passed his life in Germany, and died in 
that country at the age of fifty years. His 
mother subseq^uently became the wife of Her- 

man Schneider, and in 1855 came to America 
with her two sous, our subject and his half 
brother, Jacob Schneider, the latter being now 
a resident of Omaha, Nebraska. She died in 
1890, at the age of seventy-four years. 

Upon their arrival in this country, Mrs. 
Schneider and her family located in the woods 
of Wisconsin, and in one of the frontier schools 
of that State William bent all his energies to- 
ward mastering the English language. He had 
received a fair education in Germany. One of 
his first occupations here was that of teaching 
country school. The county superintendent 
visited his school, and as a result of that visit, 
and without further e.\amination, gave him a 
certificate of qualification of the highest terms 
as a teacher. At the age of twenty-two he be- 
came a missionary of his church iu AYisconsin, 
and served as such for a period of ten years, at 
the end of which time he was elected editor of 
the Evangelical Magazine, and in 1871 moved 
to Cleveland, Ohio. This position he filled for 
eight years, rendering most efficient and accejit- 
able service. In 1879 he was made editor of 
the Christliche Botschafter, the ofiicial organ of 
the Evangelical Association, and continued at 
its head until 1891, when he was elected Bishop 
of the Church by the General Conference held 
at Indianapolis. Since the death of Rev. Mar- 
tin Lauer in January, 1893, he has, in addition 
to bis official duties, taken the responsibility of 
the German Sunday-school literature of the 

Bishop Horn was married May 24, 1864, to 
Miss Mary Fishback, daughter of Anthony 
Fishback, of Hartford, Wisconsin. Following 
is a record of their family of seven childi'en: 
Edward, bookkeeper in the Evangelical Pub- 
lishino' House, Cleveland; Ella, a teacher in the 
Ebenezer Orphans' Home, at Flat Rock, Ohio; 
Delia, a teacher in the public schools of Cleve- 
land; Frank, a machinist; Oscar, a student in 
Adelbert College; and Linda and Clara, pupils 
in the Cleveland public schools. 

Bishop Horn is a living illustration of Ger- 
man genius. He has a genial disposition, is a 


natural humorist, is endowed with a great meas- 
ure of originality, has a retentive memory, and 
all this, together with his eloquence, renders 
him an intellectual and elMcient worker in the 
church. H,e is perfectly familiar with German 
literature and keeps fully abreast with the on- 
ward march of literary science, both in the Ger- 
man and English languages. He has not only 
acquired a great store of useful information con- 
cerning the greatest achievements of the land, 
but he also has the happy faculty of making use 
of his possessions, being able to apply his re- 
sources to the best advantage. His literary 
productions are many. He has written a num- 
ber of books, among which are the " Life of 
Garfield " and the " Life of Bishop John Sey- 
bert;" also translated a numl)er of books, all of 
which are well received by the public. He is 
also a natural poet. The extensive hymnology 
of his church, comprising not only the regular 
Church Hymnal, but also a number of Sunday- 
school song books and singing books of devo- 
tional order, contains a number of his poetical 
productions, some of which are perfect jewels 
and have become treasures of song in the 
church, and will be sung by the Evangelical 
people long after the days of Bishop Horn. 
One of his latest productions is the translation 
of the " Curfew Bells." It was published and 
Ity request republished in the Evangelical 
Magazine, and read with deepest interest and 
great pleasure by the many tliousands of 
readers of the magazine. 

As an editor he wielded a fluent pen and 
great influence throughout the church. His 
editorials were always well received outside the 
church, as well as in the church, and his judg- 
ment upon the foremost questions of the day 
was appreciated. His political views are those 
advocated by the Republican party. 

As a preacher he has been warmly received 
in the church wherever it was his lot to serve. 
His fine physique, his heavy, bushy hair, his 
small, dark piercing eye, all combine to render 
him a commanding figure. He is a fluent 
speaker, his natural gift of poetry frequently 

asserting itself when he becomes warmed up 
with his subject. Indeed, he is one of the most 
eloquent orators in the German language in 
this country. 

As bishop, he has shown fine executive abil- 
ities in the administration of the episcopal 
work in his chui-ch, and is well received. 

UCIUS F. MELLEN, was born July 16, 
1831, in Hampshire county, Massachu- 
1 setts, educated in Northampton, that 
State, and came to Cleveland in 1852. For sev- 
eral years he was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness, and during that time was elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education. During the pe- 
riod of the late Civil war, he was secretary of 
the Xorthern Ohio Soldiers' Aid Society and 
also of the Christian Commission. For several 
years he has been a Deacon of the Plymouth 
Congregational Church, Superintendent of Sun- 
day-schools and an officer of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, etc., being efficient in all 
the religious work he undertakes. 

He was one of the American Commissioners 
to the Paris Exposition of 1867, and secretary 
of the commission, being abroad nearly a year 
in this capacity. He was appointed United 
States Commissioner to the World's Fair at 
Vienna in 1873, but on account of ill health de- 
clined. In 1876, while living in West Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, where he purchased a small 
farm, he was appointed a State Commissioner 
to the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia. 

Although not a politician, Mr. Mellen has al- 
ways been an ardent Republican and a strong 
believer in a protective tariff. 

In 1881 he returned to Clevelan<l and there- 
after for twelve years he was Superintendent of 
the City Infirmary Department, having charge 
of all the out-door relief, and was also Superin- 
tendent of the City Hospital and City Infirm- 
ary, and is also connected with other charitable 
organizations for the relief of the poor. 


In 1854 he married Caroline S. Simmons, of 
Northampton, Massaclni setts, who died sud- 
denly in January, 1892, at Cleveland. She was 
a devoted, useful, Christian woman. By this 
marriage there were two children: Lewis Ar- 
thur, married and Jiving in Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, who has two children, a son and a daugh- 
ter; and Carrie Agnes, who married Warren K. 
Palmer, of the Cleveland Window Glass Com- 
pany, who has two daughters. 


manager of the Cleveland, Lorain & 
Wheeling Railway Company, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, is a native of the State of New 
York, born in Chautauqua county, in 1857. 
His parents, M. S. and Caroline (Reed) Wood- 
ford, were natives of the State of Connecticut 
and England respectively; they resided many 
years in New York. 

Young Woodford received a thorough educa- 
tion in the Fredonia (New York) Normal 
Scliool, and when he had finished the course 
took a position with the Great Western Rail- 
way Company of Canada as stenographer; at the 
end of one year he secured tlie same position 
with the Detroit, Grand Haven & Milwaukee 
Railway Company at an increased salary. When 
another twelvemonths had gone by he went to 
Cliicago to enter the freight department of the 
Michigan Central, where he remained a year 
and a half. During the next three years he 
was chief clerk in the telegraphic department of 
the same road, and then was made chief clerk 
and purchasing agent of the Ft. Wayne & Jack- 
son Railroad. His next position was with the 
Wheeling & Lake Erie as chief clerk, from 
which lie was promoted to the office of assistant 
general manager and purchasing agent for the 
same road ; he was afterward in the course of 
time made general superintendent of the same 
road; after two and a half years he resigned 
the place to accept the position of general man- 
ager of the Cleveland, Loraiu & Wheeling road. 

which duties he assumed in March, 1893. He 
is interested in other commercial enterprises in 
the city, and is the efficient manager of the 
Pittsburg & Wheeling Coal Company. 

He is a man of unusual exscutive ability, 
and has steadily advanced in the estimation of 
his associates since his entry into commercial 
circles. He is genial of disposition and strong 
in his friendships; in business he is prompt 
and painstaking, and as a loyal citizen he has 
no superiors. In politics he is independent, 
voting for men rather than for declarations of 

Mr. Woodford was united in marriage, in 
1891, to Miss Isabella Wheeler, a daughter of 
Maro and Susan A. Wheeler, of Toledo, Ohio. 

EDWIN L. THURSTON, a leading patent 
lawyer of Cleveland, was born in Paw- 
. tucket, Rhode Island, October 3, 1837, a 

son of Thomas E. and Annie W. (Falconer) 
Thurston, natives of Rhode Island. 

The paternal grandfather was Thomas Thurs- 
ton, a native of Newport, Rhode Island, the 
old home of the Thurston family, which settled 
here at an early date. Tiie . paternal great- 
grandfather of our subject was also named 
Thomas Thurston, and he was a son of William 
Thurston, whose father's name was also Will- 
iam Thurston, a son of Jonathan, a son of Ed- 
ward, whose father was Edward Thurston, whose 
marriage with Elizabeth Mott in Rhode Island 
occurred in June, 1647, being the third mar- 
riage recorded in the society of Friends in that 
State. He was a "freeman" in 1655, and was 
a prominent citizen in his community. He was 
of English origin. Maternally the subject of 
this sketch is of Scottish origin. His mother, 
Annie W. Falconer, was a daughter of John 
and Margaret Falconer, natives of Scotland. 

Edwin L. Thurston is the only child brought 
up by his parents. His childhood and youth 
were spent at Pawtucket and Providence, at 
which places he attended school. In 1881 Mr. 



Thurston graduated at Brown University, and 
immediately went to Chicago, where he studied 
law under private preceptors. In 1884 he was 
admitted to the bar, and at Chicago took iiptlie 
practice of his profession. October 3, 1887, 
Mr. Thurston located in Cleveland, and, be- 
coming a law partner with Mr. Leonard Watson, 
practiced with that gentleman for two years, 
and thereafter alone till September, 1892, when 
Mr. Francis J. Wing, his present partner, be- 
came associated with him. Mr. Thurston's 
practice has been mainly that of patent lawyer, 
and his success has placed him among the fore- 
most of this class of attorneys. 

He is a prominent Master Mason, and mem- 
ber of the Civil Engineers' and other clubs. 

the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
Railroad, is a descendant both paternally 
and maternally from one of the Puritan fathers, 
Henry Leiand, whose birth occurred in England 
in 1625, and who emigrated to Massachusetts in 
1652 and died at Sherburne in 1680. His sou, 
Ilopestill Leiand, born 1655, died at Eolliston, 
Massachusetts, in 1739. Samuel Leiand, the 
ne.xt in line, born in 1711, died at HoUiston, in 
1783. His son, Asa Leiand, born in 1738, 
moved to Chester, Vermont, and died in 1822. 
The next in line was also Asa Leiand, born in 
1770, emigrated to New York, and died at Otto, 
in 1832. His son, Cephas R. Leiand (father of 
C. P.), was born in 1807. His home was Irving, 
Kew York, and by occupation he was a lawyer. 
In 1850 he emigrated to Milwaukee and died a 
month later, leaving a widow and two children 
almost destitute. 

Cephas R. Leiand married Orpha Powers, 
who descended directly from Henry Leiand 
before named, as follows: Ebenezer Leiand, born 
in 1657 and died in 1712; James Leiand, born in 
1687 and died in 1768; Thankful Leiand, born 
in 1724, married Lemuel Powers and died in 
1769. Their daughter Abigail was President 
Millard Fillmore's first wife. 

Lemuel Powers was born in 1756 and died in 
1800, a Baptist minister. The next in line, 
Judge Cyrus Powers, born in 1779, died at 
Kelloggsville, Xew York, in 1841. His daugh- 
ter, Orpha, born in 1810, died in 1870, is the 
mother of the subject of this sketch. Her 
children were: Cyrus P., born July 31, 1836; 
and Amy Jane, born in 1838, deceased wife of 
George W. Perry, an attorney of Superior, Wis- 
consin. She left one child, Louise W. Perry, 
who married C. F. Chapman, a civil engineer of 
Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

At fourteen years of age Cyrus P. Leiand 
secured a position in a drngstore at §1 a week, 
which went to the support of the family. In 
1854 he became an employee of the Milwaukee 
Sentinel office, severing his connection there in 
1855. May 21st of the above year he began his 
railroad career in the office of the Milwaukee & 
Chicago Railroad, as a bookkeeper and general 
utility man in the general office of this railroad. 
From June 11, 1860, to January, 1869, he was 
general accountant of the Michigan Southern & 
Northern Indiana Railway Company, now a 
part of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
Railway Company. From July 1, 1861, to Jan- 
uary, 1869, he was also general ticket agent of 
of the same road, and January 1, 1869, he was 
appointed auditor of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railway Company. He is president 
of the Association of American Railway Ac- 
counting Officers, a national organization. 

Mr. Leiand has been a factor in the develop- 
ment of one of the greatest railroad systems in 
the country. He has compiled a history of the 
road from the official records, in it.^elf a monu- 
ment to the memory of the worthy auditor. 
Among his literary productions is a paper read 
before the Statistical Association at Chicago at 
the World's Fair on the subject. Value of Freight 
Statistics. During his long service Mr. Leiand 
has compiled and issued thirty-three consecutive 
annual reports of the Michigan Southern, 
Northern Indiana and Lake Shore &, Michigan 
Southern Railways, a record unsurpassed in this 
country and probably in the Wdrld. These re- 



ports are models in all financial centers of this 
country and Europe, for cleverness, conciseness 
and absolute truthfulness. 

The files and records of the auditor's office 
are full of valnable and interesting data com- 
piled by Mr. Leland, which in reality are no less 
than a cyclopedia of information relating to the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Kailway. 

In April, 1859, Mr. Leland married, in Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin, Helen Louise Hatch. Their 
children are: William, born in 1864, who is in 
his father's office; and Stella, born in 1868. 

r^ Prominent among Cuyahoga county's 
11 *^ representative citizens is Dr. R. S. Hub- 
V bard, who is the leading physician of 

Bedford and is the Treasurer elect of the county. 
Dr. Hubbard was born at Guy's Mills, Craw- 
ford county, Pennsylvania, September 29, 1853, 
and is the sou of the Honorable George A. 
Hubbard, of Berea, Ohio. At the age of thir- 
teen years Dr. Hubbard entered Baldwin Uni- 
versity at Berea and continued there three or 
four years. At the age of eighteen he began 
studying medicine, and in 1876 graduated in 
the medical department of Wooster University. 
Tbe following year he commenced practicing at 
Northtield, Summit county, Ohio, and remained 
there until the autumn of 1887, when he re- 
moved to Bedford. 

The Doctor has always been a close student 
in his profession, taking an active interest in 
the progress and advancement of all that per- 
tains to it. He is a member of the Ohio State 
Medical Society, of the Northeastern Ohio 
Medical Society and is one of the Censors of 
the medical department of Wooster University. 
He is ranked among the successful and pro- 
gressive members of the medical fraternity in 
Cuyahoga county. 

For years he has also taken an active part in 
politics. While a citizen of Summit county he 

served as chairman of the Republican county 
committee, and since his residence in Cuyahoga 
county he has been prominent in the affairs of 
his party. But not until 1893 did he ever aspire 
to office. In the summer of that year he be- 
came a candidate fur the nomination, at the 
hands of the Republican party, for County 
Treasurer, and after a vigorous canvass was suc- 
cessful. His election by over 8,000 majority 
at the ensuing election demonstrated the wis- 
dom of his party in choosing him as a candi- 
date. The Doctor will take his office in Sep- 
tember. 1894. 

Dr. Hubbard is a member of the Masonic, 
Royal Arcanum, K. of P., Foresters and Elks 

On November 15, 1881, he married Miss 
Helen Palmer, who was born at Northfield, 
Ohio, the daughter of William L. and Amelia 
Whitney Palmer. Her father was born at old 
Windsor, Hartford county, Connecticut, and 
came to Ohio in 1832, settling in Summit 
county, where he followed farming until 1892, 
when, upon the death of his wife, he came to 
Bedford, and now resides with his daughter. 
Dr. Hubbard and wife have three children, 
namely: Attrissa, born October 31, 1882; 
Helen, born November 7, 1888; and Hilda, 
May 7, 1891. 

Dr. Hubbard's family have their church 
"home" in the Methodist Episcopal Church of 


r!^ President of the German Evangelical 
II *5i Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio and 
V other States, was born in Horneburg, 

Hanover, Germany, April 5 , 1819. His parents 
were Rev. George Henry Christian and Char- 
lotte Friederike (Wyneken) Schwan, natives also 
of Germany, who passed their entire lives in 
their fatherland. Rev. G. H. C. Schwan was a 
well known minister in the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Church, in which he labored for many 


years. For fifty years he was a conspicuous 
figure among the ministers of liis eh\irch, and 
died after a long and useful life. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
is the eldest of his parents' uine children, of 
whom only four are now living, namely: Edwin, 
who participated in the civil war as a private 
in the Confederate army. At the time of the 
outbreak of the war he was in New Orleans, 
and like many others was pressed into the army 
service of the Confederate States, was taken 
prisoner in the Peninsula campaign, and was 
there seen by his brother, Theodore, who was 
then a Union soldier. He came to Cleveland, 
where he died. Theodore enlisted as a private, 
and was promoted for bravery several times, be- 
ing at the close of the war Brevet Major, and 
he is now an Assistant Adjutant General. In 
this capacity he was attached to the United 
States legation and sent to Berlin under Presi- 
dent Cleveland's first administration. He now 
resides in Omaha, Nebraska. Upon his return 
from Berlin he was given the opportunity of 
becoming the military attache of the legation 
in either London or Vienna, botli of which 
honors he declined because of failing health 
occasioned by army service. Matilda and 
Henrietta are married, and are still residents of 
Germany: they are the only ones of the daugh- 
ters living. Wilhelm was a brave soldier in 
the Franco-Prussian war, and was killed upon 
the battlefield of Spiehern when about twenty- 
two years of age. 

The subject of this sketch received his early 
education in Stade, Hanover, Germany, and 
afterward attended the Universities of Gottingen 
and Jena, in both which institutions he pursued 
a theological course, completing the same in 
1842. He was then ordained minister, and in 
1843 went to Brazil, South America, with the 
Krull family. In that country he took charge 
of a small church on a large coffee plantation, 
the members being principally German, Swiss 
and American coffee planters. He remained 
in that country until IS.jO, when he came to the 
United States and spent one year at New Biele- 

feld (now Black-jack), near St. Louis, and since 
then lias been a resident of Cleveland. 

His first charge here was the Zion Church. 
In 1876 he was successful in building for this 
congregation a large and excellent church edi- 
fice, the building previously used as a church 
being abandoned. He was the first Lutheran 
minister in Cleveland to remain a considerable 
time. Rev. Schmidt preceding him but a short 
time. When Mr. Schwan came here there was 
but a very small congregation of Lutherans in 
Cleveland, and the first church has become the 
mother of ten others, which have been estab- 
lished in different parts of the city. He was 
the first pastor in this city to put up a Christ- 
mas tree in his church, — a practice then con- 
demned, but since generally followed by all 

His pastorate was interrupted for a time in 
1860, upon his election to the presidency of the 
Middle District of the Synod, and since 1878 
he has had no regular appointment, his work 
being as President of the Synod to visit thirteen 
districts in the Synod, in the United States and 
Canada; but to the work devolved upon him in 
this position he did not give his exclusive time 
and attention till 1881, at which time his labors 
as president of the Synod had so increased that 
he was compelled to abandon his pastorate. 

As general President of this Synod many 
duties devolve upon him, as visiting all the dis- 
tricts, churches, orpiian asylums, hospitals, 
institutions of learning, etc. In Ohio, as well 
as in Cleveland, he is one of the pioneer minis- 
ters in his church. He lived to see the fiftieth 
year of his pastorate in October, 1893, when, in 
the Music Hall in Cleveland, honors wore 
showered upon him before an audience of 5,000. 
Shortly after that celebration he was made 
Doctor of Divinity by the faculty of the Theo- 
logical Seminary of the Norsvegian Synod. 
Although he passed through many trials, he has 
been a connecting link binding the past to the 
present. His career has been a useful one, and 
therefore a successful one. His hardships, both 
early and later, have served only to broaden his 


mind aud enlarge his views, and better equip 
liiin for the very responsible and important 
work in which he has been engaged. Kipe in 
scholarship, genial in spirit, liberal in his views, 
lie is held in deep affection and great deference. 
While in Brazil he met a native of the coun- 
try who became his wife. Her name is Emma, 
and she was the daughter of Dr. Blum, a phy- 
sician there. Mr. Schwau has had twelve chil- 
dren, four of whom are deceased. The living 
children are: Rev. Paul Schwan, for the past 
seventeen years pastor of St. Paul's Church, 
Evangelical Lutheran, of Cleveland, establishing 
for himself a high character and reputation as a 
minister; L. M., for many years past the vice- 
president of the Lake Erie & Western Railway 
and located in New York, an attorney by pro- 
fession; Ernst Christian, also an attorney, resid- 
ing in Cleveland; Rev. Charles Schwan, a minis- 
ter of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Wis- 
consin; George H., another Cleveland attorney, 
a partner of his brotiier E. C. ; Frederick H., a 
notary public in this city; Joanna, the wife of 
Rev. J. A. Schmidt, of Elyria, Ohio; and 
Emma, the wife of George Gustav Kuechle, a 
prominent jeweler of Milwaukee. 

attained to the extreme fullness of years, 
represented by four-score and twelve, and 
to have had one's ken broadened to a compre- 
hension of all that has been accomplished within 
the flight of so many days, is of itself sufficient 
to render consonant a detailed consideration of 
such a life in a work of this order, but in the 
case at hand, there are more pertinent, more 
distinguishing elements, — those of usefulness, 
of high honor, of marked intellectuality, of 
broad charity, — which lift high in reverence 
the subjective personality of one who stood as 
one of nature's nobleman, " four square to every 
wind that blows." 

It must ever be held as a matter of regret 
when an aged historical veteran is gathered to 
his fathers, that to later geuei'ations had not 

been given a more intimate knowledge of his 
personality, a more lively comprehension of the 
events and circumstances which formed a com- 
ponent part of his life, that the lips should be 
silenced whose power it was to have told of in- 
cidents that had marked bearing on the thought 
and action of these days long passed, that there 
be denied a familiarity with the ambitions and 
struggles of his youth and with the subsequent 
trials of the more crucial days, — those of his 
maturer years. 

While no shadows darken any period of the 
long, honorable and eventful life of the subject 
of this memoir, the incidents of general public 
interest, which he was wont to relate in social 
intercourse are mainly cherished in the memory 
of his family and later associates, his early con- 
temporaries having long since departed, his 
modest reserve having disinclined him to com- 
mit to writing matter relevant to his personal 
history, though he was often importuned for 
such contributions. For more than half a cen- 
tury Royal Taylor was one of the most enter- 
prising and best known business men of Ohio, 
but to the younger men of the present genera- 
tion, his early history and experiences were but 
dimly known, while his personality was recog- 
nized as that of a venerable gentleman of 
genial spirit, and one of the last of the famous 
pioneers of the Western Reserve, with whose 
development he had been most intimately and 
conspicuously identified. 

The family name of Taylor has long been 
familiar in English history, but from which 
branch or locality sprang the first American 
ancestor, there is no definite means of ascer- 
tainment at the present time. It is sufhcient 
in this connection to state that it is known with 
absolute certainty, from historical data, that the 
great-grandfather of our subject, Samuel Tay- 
lor, in the reign of Charles IL, and the year of 
the burning of London, 1666, came to America 
and settled in Hadley, Massachusetts. There is, 
however, fair presumptive evidence that this 
branch of the family is in direct line of descent 
from the martyr, Rowland Taylor, an English 


clergjinan who was chaplain to Archbishop 
Cranmer, and who was burned at the stake in 
Hadleigh, couuty Suffolk, England, in 1555. 

Samuel Taylor, son of the above named 
Samuel Taylor, was born at Hadley, in 1713, 
and there lived until 1752, when he removed 
into the mountain forest of Pontoosuck, now 
the beautifid city of Pittsfield. That this per- 
son, the grandfather of our subject, was a man 
of prominence and an eminent factor in the 
pioneer enterprises of that day is evident from 
a reference to the records of the Great and 
General Court of 1753, which shows that he 
was at the head of a syndicate of seven citizens, 
who, by a special act, secured an incorporation 
under the title of the " Proprietors of the Set- 
tling Lots in the Township of Pontoosuck." 
This was the Indian name of the place, and the 
same was retained until 1761, when the town 
was incorporated by the name of Pittstield, in 
honor of the celebrated statesman, William 

Samuel Taylor, the third of the name, and 
father of our subject, was born in Pittstield in 
1764, and with his father's family removed to 
Middlefield in 1770, and there Koyal Taylor 
was born, September 1, 1800. Here also, in 
1804, his venerable grandfather, the pioneer of 
Pontoosuck, died at the age of ninety-one years. 
Three years later the father, Samuel Taylor 
(third), dt-parted from Middletield, of which he 
had been an early pioneer, and came with his 
family, including his little si.x-year-old sou, 
Rnyal, and set up a new pioneer altar in the 
maple forests of Aun>ra, Portage county, Ohio, 
where he lived six years, and where he died in 
March, 1813. Ohio at tiiat time was a vast 
wilderness, and the Western Keserve had more 
Indians than white men. 

Thus bereft of bis father at the early age of 
twelve years. Royal Taylor, rightly named as the 
inheritor of the pioneer spirit and enterprise of 
a truly royal line of ancestors, — the Amt'rican 
royalty of manhood and citizenship, — the fourth 
of his line, takes up his a.\i^, the eniblom and 
insignia of the pioneer, and valiantly carries on 

the struggle of life in the forests of the Re- 
serve, bearing without protest the heavy burden 
imposed upon his youthful shoulders, and look- 
ing fate manfully in the face. Under such cir- 
cumstances and necessities began the pioneer 
life of the boy, Royal Taylor, whose first labor 
was in the sugar camp of a friendly neighbor, 
and whose sweet reward was his weight (seventy 
pounds) of the palatable maple sugar. He 
worked in the first brick-yard of the town, the 
brick of which were used in the construction of 
the old Presbyterian church of Aurora. For 
his services in this connection, he received 815 
a month, which money he invested in the pur- 
chase of sixty acres of land in Solon, in 1816, 
for §300. Lands having depreciated in the 
market during the ensuing three years, he sold 
his place in 1820 for $200. He chopped wood 
and cleared land, and for several years, in many 
like ways, earned money for the support of his 
mother and her family. Yet all this hardy, 
out-door life not only evidenced a placid and 
cheerful mind, but was a healthful, physical 
disci pi ite, for he grew up a tall and handsome 
young man, with great powers of endurance, — 
a splendid specimen of pioneer manhood, — 
equal to any emergency, and fit for any place in 
civic or public life. Fortunately for him, as for 
many other pioneer youth, good schoolteachers 
followed the emigrating families to the West- 
ern Re'^erve, graduates of the colleges and 
academies of New En^jland. Thus he secured 
a good common-school education by attendance 
during winters; and as he never undertook any- 
thing in a halfhearted or careless manner, he 
ultimately qualified himself for a teacher, and 
pursued that calling for a number of years 
with eminent popularity and success. In the 
meantime he learued the printer's trade, and 
was engaged in type-setting for a time, at New 
Lisbon, Ohio. He continued his studies as op- 
portunity afforded, under the direction of private 
tutors, and finally determined to adopt the legal 
profes.-ion. With this end in view he devoted 
two years to technical study, first in the office 
of Jonathan Sloane, and later in that of Van 


R. Htiiiiplirey. Subsequent business enter- 
prises, however, dissuaded him from completing 
his course of legal studies and coming to the bar. 

In 1822 he went to Kentucky as a school 
teacher, and while there pursued the study of 
the higher branches of mathematics and the 
Latin language, likewise finding time to meet 
the advances of tlie wee elf who is supposed to 
regulate affairs of the heart, he became en- 
gaged to a young lady. Miss Rebecca Saunders, 
to whom he was married in 1824. The follow- 
ing year they came to Ohio and lived at different 
intervals in Aurora, Russell and Twinsburg. 
At this last place, in 1836, his wife died, leaving 
him with five young children. In 1837 he 
married, at Twinsburg, Miss Sarah A. Richard- 
sun, daughter of Captain Daniel Richardson, of 
Connecticut, her birthplace having been the 
romantic and liistorical town of Barkhamstead, 
as it was also that of her cousin, John Brown, 
of Ossawotamie fame. She bore to him fonr 
sons and three daughters, was a devoted wife 
and mother, and his true companion during 
nearly thirty years of the most eventful period 
of his life. Her death occurred in 1865. The 
following year he married Mrs. Annetta Hatch, 
of Ravenna, formerly of Vermont, who has but 
recently passed away. 

The decade subsequent to 1825 was a period 
of great commercial enterprise, in the early 
prime of the life and spirit of Mr. Taylor, be- 
ing no less than, in coimection with his brother 
Samuel, and with Harvey Baldwin, of Aurora, 
that of opening up the export trade in the ex- 
tensive cheese product of Northern Ohio with 
the Southern States, through the medium of 
boats and barges on the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers. This enterprise, while successful by 
reason of their intelligent and discriminating 
management, he resigned after the financial dis- 
turbances of 1837, and assumed charge of sev- 
eral bankrupt mercantile establishments. His 
legal training here stood him in good stead, and 
so marked was his success in settling and adjust- 
ing such matters that his services were in con- 
stant demand, and eventually carried him to 

Chagrin Falls, at the instance of his life-long 
friend, Albon C. Gardner, one of the best 
known and most successful of the early mer- 
chants of northern Ohio. He became engaged 
as factor for the sale of lands held by the heirs 
of General Henry Champion, one of the origi- 
nal purchasers of the 3,000,000 acres of land 
in Ohio known as the Connecticut Western 
Reserve. In 1858 he acted as agent for Yale 
College in adjusting an important litigation 
with the heirs of Henry L. Ellsworth, in which 
capacity he secured to the college land of great 
value, which he subsequently sold for the insti- 
tution. These agencies, together with others 
for private capitalists in the East, placed in his 
care upward of half a million acres of the best 
land in Ohio and other States, and necessitated 
much travel; in the prosecution of the business 
he visited every western State east of the Rocky 
mountains. In fact, it was the princi^jal busi- 
ness, aside from public duties, of his long, 
active and honorable career, he having but a 
short time before his death, in 1892, sent his 
last letter concerning the business, in reply to 
which he received a kindly note of commenda- 
tion for his faithful work. 

Among the numerous civil duties from time 
to time exacted of Mr. Taylor by his townsmen, 
he served as commissioner for Portage county, 
and also as State Commissioner of the Blind 
Asylum. From 1842 to 1868 he resided in 
Cuyahoga county, the better to accommodate his 
business as land agent, and also to act as agent 
for the Cleveland & Mahoning Railway, of 
which he had been an early and efhcient pro- 
moter. In the early divisions of political 
parties, he was a Whig. In 1848 he aided in 
the organization of the Free Soil party, attend- 
ing, as a delegate, the first county convention in 
Cleveland, and being also a delegate to the first 
State convention of the party in Ohio (the first 
held in any State) at Columbus, in June, 1848. 
This earnest and sturdy organization being, in 
1856, merged into the Republican party, he was 
arrayed in support of the latter through peace 
and war to the end of his days. 


In 1861, over the disintegrated Union was 
spread tiie pall of a fratricidal war, and this 
ever memorable conflict was to our subject a 
strongly marked dividing line between bis ac- 
tive business life and his patriotic devotion and 
military services rendered his State and country 
during, and long subsequent to, that period of 
ordeal and gloom. During the autumn of 1862 
large numbers of sick and wounded Ohio sol- 
diers were discharged from the army, then in 
Kentucky. In their helpless condition they 
proved easy prey to the hordes of self-styled 
claim agents of Louisville, who bought their 
pay vouchers for a mere pittance. These facts 
becoming known to Governor David Tod, he 
deputized Mr. Taylor to go to the scene and in- 
vestigate the matter. His subsequent report 
gave unmistakable evidence that great injustice 
was being done, and the Governor then ap- 
pointed Mr. Taylor military agent, with rank of 
Colonel, on his staff, and instructed him to take 
such vigorous action as he deemed best calcu- 
lated to remedy the evil. Colonel Taylor went 
immediately to Louisville, and with the aid of 
officers of the department secured such order as 
to render the efforts of the nefarious gang abor- 
tional. Thereafter the interests of Ohio soldiers 
were carefully guarded by Colonel Taylor, who 
had opened an office in Louisville, and who 
effectually warded off all unjust and careless 
treatment. The next year he was ordered to 
Nashville, Tennessee, where performed a like 
service until the spring of 1864, when, on orders 
from Governor Brough, he removed his head- 
quarters to Chattanooga, where he remained 
rendering noble service during the eventful At- 
lanta campaign, culminating in Sherman's 
triumphant march to the sea. 

Early in 1865 he was appointed Commissioner 
of the Bureau of Military Claims in Ohio, and 
went to Columbus, where he remained in the dis- 
charge of the incidental duties for two years 
and ten months, after which, at his suggestion, 
the office was discontinued by an act of the 
Legislature, the unsettled business being given 
into the hands of the Adjutant-General of tiie 

State. At the close of this last public service 
incident to the war, he made Cleveland his resi- 
dence. During the time he held this office he 
collected and distributed to the widows and 
orphans of soldiers over $2,000,000, and how 
well and nobly he performed this service, is 
attested by the records of the department, the 
books showing his accounts to have been kept to 
the accuracy of a cent, thus ever to stand as a 
memorial and witness, not only of his personal 
integrity, but also of his marked business and 
execative ability. 

In 1868 Colonel Taylor removed to Ravenna, 
in which familiar place the remainder of his 
days was passed. Here for twenty-four years, 
and until his last illness, he was devoted to his 
books and business. In 1875, being then in his 
seventy-lifth year, he traveled through upper 
and lower Canada, and subsequently went on 
a business trip to England, making a tour of 
that country and Ireland. He was a thorough 
temperance man, and a regular attendant of the 
Presbyterian Church, though not maintainincr 
a membership in the same. The personal ac- 
complishments of Colonel Taylor were far 
superior to those of the average business man 
of his day. He was a constant and careful 
reader, and that intellectual resource and conso- 
lation abided with him even unto extreme age, 
his mental faculties remaining practically un- 
impaired until the last. He had traveled ex- 
tensively, and his faculty of observation was 
phenomenal and never-failing; he never lost his 
lively interest in the affairs of the world, and, 
a true patriarch, his mind held a vast fund of 
knowledge, derived from the study and varied 
experiences of a long and eventful career. At- 
tractive in person, courteous and gentle in his 
bearing, he stood as one of the most noble speci- 
mens of the true gentleman of the old regime, 
honored and beloved by all who came within the 
sphere of his individuality. His manuscript, 
even down to the end of his life, was as plain, 
free and legible as that of the most expert ac- 
countant, and his style of correspondence evinces 
literary taste and a most retentive memory. 


To tliis honored pioneer, whose name must 
ever be held in veneration, deatli came after an 
illness vrhich had contined liim to his bed for 
seven months. During that time he suffered 
much physical pain, but his mind did not release 
its grasp upon time and place until was drawn 
the last fleeting breath, bringing rest to the 
tired spirit which had calmly waited for the 
hour of dissolution. He died November 20, 
1892, having then but recently completed his 
ninety-second year. The beauty and grandeur, 
the lesson and incentive of such a life can never 
fade, and the page which does no more than 
bear the impress of his name should be touched 
with reverent hand, and with a feeling of grati- 
tude that such a life has been lived. 

The children of Colonel Taylor by his first wife 
were: Squire and Annetta, who died in infancy; 
Samuel S., who died in Illinois; Worthy S., a 
member of an Illinois regiment in the late war, 
was killed in the service; Mary M., a resident 
of Cleveland. The children by his second wife 
were: James Royal, Sarah E. (Einiff), Charles 
Arthur, all deceased; Daniel E. and William 
G., of Cleveland; Annetta S. (Harrington) of 
Chicago; and Ellen E., of Eavenna. 

ored pionei 
pern ins- wl 

L. TAYLOE, son of that bon- 
jneer. Colonel Royal Taylor, con- 
cerning whose life a slight memorial is 
offered in the paragraphs immediately precedincr, 
occupies a position of no little prominence in 
the business circles of Cleveland, conducting 
an extensive and representative real-estate 
agency, with headquarters at No. 9, Public 
Square. For many years he assisted his father, 
whose conspicuous connection with the realty 
interests of the State has been noted, and this 
association enabled our suliject to gain a most 
discriminating knowledge in regard to valuations 
and all other features of the business in which 
he is now activel}' engaged. 

Mr. Taylor is a native of the Buckeye State, 
having been born in Summit county. During 
the late civil war he served for two years as 

military agent for tiie State of Ohio, at Louis- 
ville and Nashville, holding such preferment as 
an aid to his father. He secured an excellent 
education, and was afforded those exceptional 
advantages granted by a home in which culture 
and refinement found abiding place. 

For the past quarter of a century our sub- 
ject has been actively engaged as a real-estate 
broker and dealer, and has retained a clientage 
of most representative order, faithful and con- 
scientious in serving the interests of his princi- 
pals, and recognized as being reliable and 
honorable in all of his business operations. 
Upon his books are represented at all times the 
most desirable investments for those wishing to 
buy or exchange, while into no more trust- 
worthy keeping can any principal place his 
interests in this line. 


C. SCOFIELD, the well-known iron 
and oil man of Cleveland, was born in 
Horbury, near Wakefield, England, 
October 25, 1821. He spent the earlier years 
of his life in Leeds, being employed there on 
machine work until his twenty-first year, when 
he was seized with a determination to emigrate 
to the United States, where opportunities and 
advantages were far superior to those offered in' 
Great Britain. 

On reaching American soil, he came West to 
Ohio and secured employment on the Chagrin 
river in this county, working for a Mr. Waite 
for one year and receiving $8 per month. His 
next employer was A. W. Duty, a brick manu- 
facturer, in whose yard he worked two years. 
Following this he was for two years turnkey at 
the county jail for Sherifl' Beebe, and on re- 
suming other work established himself in the 
brick business on the West Side. One season's 
work in this gave him an experience of value 
and furnished the foundation for his future 
prosperity. He next undertook the charge of 
the lard, oil and saleratus works of C. A. Dean. 
After three years Messrs. Stanley, Camp and 


Wick bought the establishment, but Mr. Wick 
soon sold his interest to Mr. Scofield, and an- 
other change was almost immediately made by 
the purchase of Mr. Camp's interest by the re- 
maining partners, who conducted the business 
until 1857. Mr. Scofield then became sole 
owner by purchase, and operated the plant an- 
other five years. In 1861 he added to his busi- 
ness that of refining oil, associating with him 
Messrs. Halle and Fawcett. Their refinery was 
built on the site of the City Forge Works, and 
its capacity was limited to two eight-barrel 
stills. Subsequently this site was sold for other 
purposes and the refinery closed after a suc- 
cessful career. 

This firm built and operated a refinery on Oil 
Creek in Pennsylvania, but disposed of it in 
1875. In 1865 Mr. Scofield became interested 
in the oil refinery of Critchey, Fawcett & Co., 
and about the same time be became a partner 
in an oil commission business in New York 
city, the style of the firm being Hewitt & Sco- 
field. The former was sold out to the Standard 
Oil Company in 1872, and the commission house 
ceased to exist upon the appearance of the South 
Improvement Company. 

Mr. Scofield was interested in the manufac- 
ture of chemicals as vice president of the Cleve- 
land Chemical Co., which concern sold it to 
Mash & Harwood. 

In 1863 the firm of Alexander, Scofield & 
Co., was formed and erected an oil refinery at 
the junction of the N. Y. P. & O. K. R. with 
Liberty street, with a daily capacity of fifty 
barrels, which was increased to 1,000 barrels 
daily before it was sold to the South Improve- 
ment Co. 

Soon after this the present oil firm of Sco- 
field, Shumer & Teagle was organized and be- 
gan refining with a capacity of 100 barrels 
daily. It now produces 20,000 barrels of re- 
fined oil per month. In 1872 Mr. Scofield pur- 
chased an interest in the Otis Iron Co., the 
property of which consisted of a small rolling 
mill and a forge. The output in tonnage ot 
these two concerns has (quadrupled and an im- 

mense nut and bolt works has been added with 
a consuming capacity of 2,000 tons a month. 

Besides these, Mr. Scofield is a large stock- 
holder in the Union National, Commercial Na- 
tional and Western Reserve National Banks of 

In business he is not given to jumping at 
conclusions nor to embarking in business 
schemes without carefully studying the nature 
and effect of the proposed steps. When con- 
vinced of the feasibleness of a business plan he 
prosecutes it with tireless energy. The course 
of events within the past few years presented un- 
usual opportunities for a clear-headed business 
man to advance himself, and Mr. Scofield pos- 
sessed the necessary foresight to take advantage 
of them. He had to rely on his own judgment 
and furnish his own capital from the beginning, 
having been left an orphan at fifteen years of 
age. The growth of Cleveland and its impor- 
tance as a commercial center is due to such 
men as William C. Scofield. 

December 1, 1846, Mr. Scofield married Miss 
Ann Barker, a daughter of Robert Barker, who 
came to Cuyahoga county sixty years ago from 
England and was a pioneer farmer of Warrens- 
ville. Mr. Barker died about 1854, aged eighty- 
four years. Mrs. Scofield died August 13, 
1893, leaving the following children: Helen 
E., now Mrs. Frank Rockefeller; Ciiarles W., 
secretary and treasurer of the Lake Erie Iron 
Co., his wife nee Helen Tracy; E. B., who mar- 
ried Adelaide Gray; F. R., who married Min- 
nie Malton; George B., who married Nettie 
Short; Ettie M., wife of Edward E. Dangler; 
and Miss Lizzie E. Scofield. 

DR. W. E. WELLS, physician and surgeon, 
I 451 Pearl street, Cleveland, Ohio, was 
— ' born in Medina county, this State, June 
15, 1861, son of Elizur D. and Mary (Chidsey) 
Wells, both also natives of Ohio. 

Jared Wells, the Doctor's grandfather, emi- 
grated from Connecticut to Ohio at an early 



day, making the Journey hither by teams and 
being forty-one days en rente. He passed 
through Cleveland when land on tlie lake front 
could be purchased for $3 per acre. He first 
located in Bath, Summit county, Ohio, where he 
purchased a farm, and lived twenty years, after 
which he sold his farm and selected a location 
between Brunswick and Medina, where he bought 
a farm and lived for many years. Finally he 
sold his land and removed to Brunswick, where 
he subsequently died at the home of his son, 
Elizur D. His wife, Louisa Wells, also died in 
Brunswick. They had eleven children, of whom 
eix are now living. Elizur D. was born in 1839, 
was reared to farm life, and has been engaged in 
agricultural pursuits the most of his life. Ee- 
cently he has rented his farm, and is now living 
at Medina. His wife died at the age of forty- 
four years. She was a member of tlie Congre- 
gational Church, to which he also belongs. Dr. 
Wells is the oldest of their family of three, the 
other two being Carl and Alberta. ^ Carl mar- 
ried Miss May Holden, and is engaged in farm- 
ing in Medina county, and Alberta lives with her 

Dr. Wells received his early education in the 
district schools. Later he attended a select school 
at Hinckley and Medina, and afterwards was a 
student five years at Baldwin University, at 
Berea, Ohio. Then he entered the Cleveland 
University of Medicine and Surgery, formerly 
the Cleveland Homeopathic Hospital College, 
where he graduated March 25, 1885, after three 
years of study in that institution. Upon com- 
pleting his medical course, he entered upon the 
practice of his profession in Cleveland, where 
he has since remained. He has made a specialty 
of surgery, and for the past four years has oc- 
cupied one of the chairs of surgery in the Cleve- 
land University of Medicine and Surgery. He 
is also lecturer in the Training School for Nurses 
at the Huron Street Hospital, and is a member 
of the Hahnemann Society, State Society, and 
Round Table Club. 

Dr. Wells was married June 18, 1884, to 
Miss Ella Van Norman, adopted daughter of 

Dr. H. B. Van Norman, of Cleveland. They 
have an only child, Mae. Mrs. Wells is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Her 
own father, Bev. J. K. Mendenhall, is a member 
of the Erie Conference of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and her mother, whose maiden 
name was Pollie Ferris, died when Mrs. Wells 
was a babe. In the home of her adopted parents 
she had every comfort and advantage, and she 
continued to reside with the Doctor and Mrs. 
Van Norman until the time of her marriage to 
Dr. Wells. 

While Dr. Wells gives little attention to politi- 
cal aff'airs, his views are in harmony with tlie prin- 
ciples advocated by the Republican party. He 
is in the prime of a vigorous young manhood, 
is thoroughly posted in everything that pertains 
to his profession, and is as popular as he is 
well known. 

LEONARD HERSHEY, attorney at law, 
I and one of the most favorably known 
1 citizens of Cuyahoga county, was born at 

Richfield, Summit county, Ohio, June 8, 1853. 
When he was but two weeks of age his mother 
died and he was taken into the home of his 
grandmother, Eliza Leonard, who resided on a 
farm near Bedford, and by her brought up, and 
remained on the farm until he was thirty years 
of age. He gained a fair common-school edu- 
cation, attending the Bedford high school, and 
later the schools at Mount Union and Richfield. 
He then taught school for ten winters, and in 
1885 entered the law oflice of Everett, Dellen- 
baugh & Weed, where he continued study of 
law till 1888, and in June of that year he was 
admitted to the bar. Associating himself with 
the above law firm, Mr. Hershey took up the 
practice of his profession. He has risen very 
rapidly in his vocation and has gained a large 
and remunerative clientage. While he has al- 
ways had a law oflice in the city of Cleveland, 
he has resided at Bedford, to which village he 
removed in 1885, prior to which date he re- 
sided upon the farm on which he was brought up. 


In 1880 Mr. Hershey married Miss Martlia 
J. Orchard, dangiiter of Samuel Orchard, a 
prominent farmer and citizen of Bedford town- 
ship, where Mrs. Hershey was born and reared. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hershey have one child, Floyd W. 
Hersiiey, born February 17, 1881. They have 
a beautiful and attractive home at Bedford, 
where they enjoy high social relations. 

Bedford is a beautiful suburban town, and 
Mr. Hershey has always taken great pride and 
interest in the growth and development of this 
village, as well as being alive to the interests 
of Cleveland and Cuyahoga county. For years 
he has been a zealous member of the Bedford 
Board of Education. He served for a time as 
Clerk of the town of Bedford, and two terms as 
Mayor, in which capacity he executed the laws 
well and creditably and inaugurated many com- 
mendable measures conducive to the interests 
and growth of the town. He is largely in- 
terested in Bedford real estate, and in com- 
pany with James A. Anderson and others he 
has contributed much to the advancement of 
the value and consequence of Bedford property, 
and has been instrumental in inducing parties 
to purchase the same and to establish for them- 
selves homes in this beautiful and healthful su- 
burban town. Too much praise cannot be said 
of Mr. Hershey's spirit of enterprise and the 
interest he has taken in Bedford. He has al- 
ways been a stanch friend of church and edu- 
cation. In fact, Mr. Hershey is a useful and 
progressive citizen, is honored, respected and 

^K. QUINCY J. WINSOK, physician, 89 
Euclid avenue, was born in Cortland 
"^ county. New York, in 1863, the only 
child of Ebenezer and Charlotte (Salisbury) 
Winsor, natives of Xew York State. He was 
educated in the State Normal School, came to 
Cleveland in 1882, read medicine under Dr. 
J. H. Salisbury, the originator of the medical 
system called the " Salisbury treatment," and 
now residing in New York city. Dr. Winsor 

attended the medical department of the West- 
ern Reserve University, and graduated in the 
class of 1884. He at once opened an office for 
the practice of his chosen profession. While 
under his preceptor he was his assistant. He 
makes a specialty of the " Salisbury treatment," 
in which he has an extensive reputation for skill, 
having performed many wonderful cures. He 
is publishing a series of pamphlets which con- 
tain an extraordinary condensation of the most 
important health principles, which every one 
should observe for his own good. He justly 
enjoys a high place in the regard of all who 
know him. 

August 21, 1893, he was married to Miss 
Martha Olmsted, an artist of distinction in this 
city, where they have made their home. 

RS. HELEN OLMSTED, one of the 
leading artists of Cleveland, is a native 
^ of the same city, born February 1, 
1848. Her father, Jonathan Bishop, 
was a native of Connecticut, and her mother, 
whose name before marriage was Martha E. 
Smith, was born in Gardiner, Maine. They 
were early settlers of the Forest City, coming 
here in 1846, the year after their marriage. Mr. 
Bishop's patriotism led him to enlist in the last 
war, under the first call of the president, and 
served faithfully and enthusiastically for three 
months, when he was discharged on account of 
disability; but he continued to fill a position in 
the commissary department, as assistant to Dr. 
Newberry, until near the close of the war. Plis 
health was so greatly impaired by military life 
that after his return from the army he was 
never engaged in active business. His death, 
hastened by exposures in army life, occurred in 
January, 1872, at the age of fifty-eight years. 
His wife is still living, an honored resident of 
Cleveland, residing with her daughter and only 
child, the subject of this sketch. She is now 
sixty-three years of age, and has long been a 
member of the Episcopalian Church. 


Mrs. Olmsted was educated in the Cleveland 
high school, but began the study of art in her 
youth, as a pupil, for a number of years, of 
Miss Catherine C. Hopley, now widely known 
in England as an artist and scientist. Her 
works are considered standard authority both in 
England and in tliis country. At the early age 
of eight years the subject of this sketch took a 
first premium for pencil drawing at the State 
fair at Cleveland. At the New Orleans Expo- 
sition of 1885, she was given a large depart- 
ment for the display of her decorative work and 
painting, received several premiums, and was 
urgently requested to open a studio there. She 
was actively engaged at the Ohio Centennial, 
which was held at Columbus in 1888, where 
she was superintendent of the Woman's Build- 
ing, and had entire charge of the art depart- 
ment, which was very extensive. The building 
was under the supervision of the commissioner, 
Mrs. Delia Lathrop Williams, who had the re- 
sponsibility of all collections. In her absence 
Mrs. Olmsted tilled her place, performing the 
duties of office with fidelity. Mrs. Olmsted re- 
ceived many premiums from the Woman's Art 
Department, and was also well represented in 
the General Art Gallery. 

Immediately after the Centennial exhibition 
Mrs. Olmsted went abroad, in order to con- 
tinue the study of her favorite vocation. She 
spent a year across the sea, mostly in Paris 
and London; but since her return, impaired 
healtii has seriously interfered with her calling, 
and for the same reason she prepared no 
specimens for exhibition at the World's Fair 
at Chicago. 

For several years she had a studio in the 
Nottingham building on Euclid avenue, which 
was finely furnished with decorative draperies, 
which had been on exhibition at New Orleans, 
and with other household decorations in addi- 
ti(in to her own paintings. A number of her 
crayon portraits are owned and highly esteemed 
by prominent citizens of this city. She also 
possesses a very valuable collection of copies of 
both old and modern masters made during her 

European trip. Her art work hereafter will 
be confined to her studio, at her own residence. 

Her daughter Martha, now Mrs. Dr. Q. J. 
Winsor, was before her marriage studio asso- 
ciate with her mother. She was assistant at 
the Ohio Centennial at Columbus, where she 
received several premiums. They were, first 
premium for still-life in water-color; first pre- 
mium for finest collection of water-colors; first 
premium for charcoal work from life, and 
others. She then continued her art studies in 
the winter of 1888-'89, in Paris, under the di- 
rection of M. Edouard Krug and the famous M. 
Albert Maignan. At the Columbian exposition 
she was represented by three water colors, two 
of which were life-size head studies; these were 
in the Cleveland room of the Ohio State build- 
ing. She has devoted herself exclusively to 
portrait work in water color, making a specialty 
of portraits of young people. Her work in- 
cludes also that charming branch of the por- 
trait-painters' art, miniature painting. 

Mrs. Olmsted's other daughter, Miss Milli- 
cent, IS pursuing a different line of art work, 
namely, that of writing. She has been engaged 
in literary work ever since she graduated at 
Miss Mittelberger's school in 1890. 

The subject of this sketch was married Jan- 
uary 8, 1865, to Henry S. Olmsted, of Albany, 
New York. 

ILLIAM W. ANDKEWS, son of the 
late Judge Sherlock J. Andrews, is a 
=1 native of Cleveland. In 1859 he 
graduated at Western Eeserve College, and in 
1861, at the Cleveland Law School, having 
been guided in his legal studies by his dis- 
tinguished father. For four years next after 
his admission to the bar, Mr. Andrews was 
associated with Lewis W. Ford, and afterward 
with Judge G. M. Barber, and still later he 
was senior member of the firm of Andrews & 
Kaiser. All of these firms were successful 
and took high rank in the profession. Mr. 


Andi-ews i3 now practicing alone, acting es- 
pecially as legal adviser of corporations and 
estates, and also as trustee for the latter, owing 
to his reputation for integrity and ability. 

Soon after leaving college he was selected by 
both the Republican and Democratic parties 
for the Board of Education, and was finally 
elected by the former. He has, however, never 
been an office-seeker or active in public affairs, 
and is known to have declined flattering oppor- 
tunities for political advancement. Quiet but 
thorough in business, and domestic in his 
tastes, he has avoided the strife of politics, con- 
tent, apparently, with his honorable position as 
a lawyer and citizen. 

P. DEMUTH, Assistant Postmaster of 
Clev^eland and a veteran of the mail ser- 
vice, was born in Tuscarawas county, 
Ohio, September 9, 1843, completed a brief 
career as a pupil of the primary schools at 
twelve years of age, and began the realities of 
life when he entered on his apprenticeship with 
a jeweler in New Philadelphia, this State. He 
became an efficient workman in due time and 
was still engaged in the business when the war 
came on. 

The first year of enlistment of troops found 
young Demuth ready to do duty in defense of 
" Old Glory." He enlisted in Company I, of 
the Thirtieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry as a 
private soldier. The first order to this com- 
mand took them into West Virginia, where 
they first met the enemy at Sutton's Heights. 
Passing on through the State they were made a 
part of the Eastern army near Fayetteville. 
With second Bull Run another series of en- 
gagements began, including South Mountain, 
Frederick City, and concluding at Antietam in 
September, 1862. After this last engagement 
Mr. Demuth's command returned to West 
Virginia with the intention of going into winter 
quarters. When a part of the huts were ready for 
occupancy orders were received to join General 

Sherman in his reduction of Vicksl)urg. The 
army reached the scene of operations by water 
and was landed at Milliken's Bend near the 
city, and were engaged daily in mortal combat 
till the final capitulation of the Confederate 
stronghold. Jackson, Mississippi, was the next to 
feel the force of Federal argument, and was easily 
captured. After this engagement Mr. Demuth 
was promoted to be Commissary Sergeant. The 
army then took boats at Vicksburg for Mem- 
phis and made forced marches across the coun- 
try to Chattanooga, crossed the river at night 
and made an assault on Missionary Ridge, fol- 
lowed the enemy to Knoxville and aided in the 
relief of Burnside's array. Mr. Demuth be- 
longed to the Fifteenth Corps while on the At- 
lanta campaign, which was a flanking corps all 
the way to Atlanta. He remained with the 
army on its march to the sea and his division 
(the second). Fifteenth Corps, assaulted and cap- 
tured Ford McAllister and secured Savannah to 
the Federal forces. Mr. Demuth was given a 
Lieutenant's commission on the close of this 
campaign. He remained with his command, 
attending the review at Washington, and was 
then ordered to Little Rock, Arkansas, and fin- 
ally mustered out in August, 1865. 

Returning to New Philadelphia, he engaged 
in the jewelry business till 1868, when his eyes 
failed and he sought other employment. The 
same year he entered the railway service be- 
tween his home town and Bayard, remaining on 
this run three years, and was then given the 
run between Lorain and Uhrichsville. One 
month later he was again transferred to the 
Lake Shore, running between Buffalo and Chi- 
cago. In 187-i he was made chief clerk of the 
division of railway mail service and retained it 
till 1883, when he was appointed superintendent 
of mails for the Cleveland postoffice, serving as 
such until May 1, 1891, when he was appointed 
assistant Postmaster. 

Referring to the genealogy of the Demuths, 
we find that Daniel Demuth, our subject's 
grandfather, emigrated from Pennsylvania to 
Tuscarawas county, being among her first set- 


tiers and becoming the founder of the family in 
the Buckeye State. He was tbe father of four 
sons, and died about 1848, above eighty 
years of age. One of those four sons was 
Joseph, our subject's father, who was nine 
years old when his father came to Ohio. He 
became a cabinet worker and was a good, hon- 
est tradesman during the greater part of his 
life. He was an earnest ad%'ocate of the poli- 
cies of the Whig party and later of the Repub- 
lican. He served his county four terms as its 
Treasurer, and died about 1867. He was twice 
married, the second time to Charlotte Simmers, 
whose ancestors were originally Moravians. 
Seven children were born by this union, four 
sons and three daughters. There were two 
children by his first marriage. 

In 1872 Mr. Demuth married Melissa Kelly, 
and they have two children: Fritz E., in the 
post ofHce; and Ola G. In December, 1888, 
Mrs. Demuth died, and three years later, Mr. 
Demnth married Mrs. M. H. Rickey, a daugh- 
ter of Judge R. F. Payne. 

Mr. Demutli is a member of the G. A. R. 
and of the Royal and Loyal Arcanums. 

Dll. J. T. CARTER, a pliysician and 
surgeon uf Cleveland, having an office 
— - in the Kendall building, was born in 
Bureau county, Illinois, June 24, 1862, a son of 
Samuel and Anna (Park) Carter, natives re- 
spectively of Twinsbnrg, Ohio, and Illinois. 


•andfather, Thaddeus A. Carter, came 

with a colony from Bristol, Connecticut, in 
1818, locating at Twinsburg, Summit county, 
where he accumulated large tracts of land. He 
had five sons and two daughters, of whom tiiree 
sons and two daughters are living, and Samuel, 
the father of our subject, was the tiiird son in 
order of birth. He has two brothers, H. W. 
and R. B. Carter, wiio are eminent physicians 
of the Western Reserve. Another uncle of our 
subject is also a physician, — Dr. Upson, of To- 
peka, Kansas. The Carter family are of Eng- 
lish extraction. 

Samuel Carter learned the blacksmith and 
wagonmaker's trade in his youth, but afterward 
became a contractor and builder. He met his 
death in this city, having been caught in a 
shaft and belt, and died after a few hours of in- 
tense suffering, in November, 1872, at the age 
of forty years. Pie was an officer in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church for many years. At 
his death he left three children: J. T., our sub- 
ject; Mary, wife of Leslie Rich, of Tempe, 
Arizona; and Lillie, at home. The mother 
afterward married M. T. McDonald, and now 
resides in Kansas, aged sixty years. 

J. T. Carter, the subject of this sketch, at- 
tended the public schools of Cleveland until 
fourteen years of age. He next entered the 
Western Reserve Academy, a part of the Adel- 
bert College, and also attended the latter insti- 
tution. By doing double work he prepared 
himself for college in two years instead of four. 
After graduating at the Homeopathic Hospital 
College of Cleveland, in the class of 1889, Dr. 
Carter began the practice of his profession in 
this city, and has ever since met with flattering 
success. He served one year in the Huron 
Street Hospital as resident surgeon, but re- 
signed his position there to accept a chair in 
the faculty of the Cleveland Medical College. 
He is still a member of the faculty of that in- 
stitution. Dr. Carter writes for medical jour- 
nals, is a member of the County, City and State 
Medical Societies, also a member of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Homeopathy, and is Lecturer 
to the Training School for Nurses of Cleveland. 

He was married in December, 1891, to Miss 
Alice Hanchette, a daughter of Erastus Han- 
chette and a member of an old family of the 
Western Reserve and New England stock. She 
was a successful teacher of Cleveland for eight 
years before her marriage. Her great-grand- 
father served in the Revolutionary war. Mr. 
and Mrs. Erastus Hanchette still reside in this 
city. They are the parents of four children: 
Lewis, who resides in Chicago; Edward, of this 
cily; Alice, wife of our subject; and Jessie, 
who has been a successful teacher in the public 


school for the past live yeais. Mr. aud Mrs. 
Carter are members of the Calvary Presbyterian 
Church. In political matters the Doctor affili- 
ates with the Republican party. He is an apt 
student, keenly alive to the latest and most im- 
proved methods, and believes in keeping pace, 
professionally and otherwise, with latter-day 

A^ A. IXGERSOLL, secretary and treasurer 
I J, of the Cleveland & Pittsburg Railroad 
\^ Company for more than a quarter of a 
century, was born in Lorain county, 
Ohio, March 30. 1827. His birth occurred on 
a farm, his father, Marshall Ingersoll, being a 
tiller of the soil, and his youthful education 
was of the pioneer country-school variety. At 
seventeen he began the battle of life independ- 
ently, serving a clerkship with a merchant in 
Elyria, Ohio. In 1^53 he engaged in a mer- 
cantile venture at Grafton, Ohio, which he con- 
ducted till his decision was made to become a 
resident of Cleveland. 

October 1, 1856, Mr. Ingersoll embarked on 
his long and uninterrupted career of railroad 
work, becoming at that time way-bill registrar, 
and succeeding in a few years to the auditor- 
ship of freight accounts. This work he per- 
formed so satisfactorily that he was made 
general bookkeeper of the company, filling that 
position with the same standard of excellence 
which marked his service in all prior capacities 
and retiring only to accept a higher position 
with the company, that of secretary and treas- 
urer, entering on his new duties January 1, 

Marshall Ingersoll was born in Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, January 29, 1802. His 
father. Major "SVilliam Ingersoll, emigrated to 
Ohio in 1816, settled in Lorain county and 
there died, in 1836, at seventy-five years of age. 
His wife was Mercy Crocker, who bore him 
eleven children, Marshall being the ninth. 
The latter spent his active life in Lorain county, 

but died in Cleveland, September 5, 1874. 
His children by marriage to Sarah Ann Taylor, 
a daughter of Jesse Taylor of Lorain county, 
formerly from Pittstield, Massachusetts, were: 

j G. A.: Lucy M., widow of "SV. F. Hurlbut. of 
Elyria, Ohio; and Frank A., a commercial 
traveler of New York city. 

November 1, 1853, the subject of this sketch 
married, in Lorain county, Lois Y., a daughter 
of William Race, a farmer. Mr. Race was born 
in Berkshire county, Massachusetts, and came 
to Ohio in 1830. He married Vienna Joiner, 
and became the father of eight children. Mr. 
and Mrs. Ingersoll are the parents of Seymour 
R., a taxidermist and fruit-farmer of Ballston 
Spa, New York; Winifred, wife of Ralph L. 
Fuller, of Cleveland; and Ina I., now Mrs. 
Wallace B. Goodwin, of the machinery supply 
house of Jones it Company of Cleveland. Mrs. 
IngersolTs death. July 29, ISSl, resulted from 
an injury received by the running away of a 
team. Mr. IngersolFs second marriage oc- 
curred August 2, 1883, the lady being Joanna 
M. Minor, daughter of Edwin Fuller of Cleve- 
land, a canal man and a real estate dealer. 

! Mr. Ingersoll is financially interested in 
several enterprises of this city, among them 
being the Union Steel Screw Works and the 
Walker Manufacturing Company, both well 
known and strong institutions. He has de- 
voted almost an average lifetime to the service 
of one corporation, and has merited the long 
lease on the office of secretary and treasurer 
which he is now enjoying. 

ILLIAM A. BABCOCK. president of 
the Bishop and Babcock Company, 
5) manufacturers of air pumps, brass 
goods, tacks and nails, with office and shops at 
the corner of Kirtland and Hamilton streets, 
Cleveland, and vice-president of the Standard 
Tool Company, manufacturers of twist drills, 
with shops located on Central avenue and Cleve- 
land & Pittsburg Railroad, was born in South 


Coventry. Tolland county, Connecticnt, March 
IS. 1843. was reared on the farm at South Cov- 
entry, receiving tbe usual schooling, and at the 
age of eighteen years was apprenticed to Will- 
iam Mason, in Taunton, Massachnsetts, to learn 
the machiniets' trade; and while thus engaged 
the great war came on and the shops were 
closed; and he went to .Sj)ringfield, that State, 
and was employed in the armory shops. In 
1862 he enlisted in a company made up of tool- 
makers for the war, but within three days' time 
and before the company was detailed it was de- 
cided by the Government authorities that the 
men would be of more value to the progr^s of 
the war if they should remain at home engaged 
in the manufacture of firearms, etc.; accord- 
ingly they were set to work at their old trade 
again. About the middle of the year 1S63 Mr. 
Babeock went to Xorwich. Connecticut, and en- 
tered the employ of the Norwich Arms Com- 
pany, remaining there till the close of the war. 
in June. 1S65. Xext he was jointly employed 
by the Morse Twist-Drill Company, of New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts. A. G. Coes & Company, 
Worcester. Massachusetts, and fl. A. Bogers «Sl 
Company, of Xew York, as traveling salesman, 
in which position he spent the followiug fourteen 
years, selling machinery railway supplies and 
machinists' tools. In 1S79 he came to Cleve- 
land and engaged in his present business where 
he is now at the head of the concern and of a 
large business. His gentlemanly manner and 
honest dealing gives public satisfaction and in- 
sures success to his company. His residence is 
2010 (old number 1715 1 Euclid avenue. 

He is a member of Holy Bood Commandery. 
K. T. In his political principles he is a Demo- 
crat. His father, William Babeock. was also 
born, reared, lived and died in South Coventry, 
his death occurring in 1S70, when he was aged 
sixty-five years. He was a farmer and hatter, 
having a hat factory on his farm, in which he 
made hats exclusively for the Southern planters' 
trade. His wife. Esther E., was a daughter of 
Timothy and Tirzah (^Badger) Loom is, and she 
survived him many years, dying in December, 

1891, on the old homestead, which now is the 
property of our subject, Mr. William A. Bab- 
eock. and his sister, Mrs. Prince. They reared 
three children, namely: Ellen, wife of J. \. B. 
Prince, of Brooklyn, New York; Mary E., 
wife of William H. Yeomans, of Columbia, 
Connecticnt; and William A., whose name in- 
troduces this sketch. The nephew of the latter, 
Howard W. Yeomans is now employed in The 
Bishop & Babeock Company's office. 

According to Hinmau's historical record, and 
Weavers' history of Ancient Windham, Connect- 
icnt, our subject is a descendant of James Bab- 
eock, born in Essex. England, in 1580. James 
was a Puritan minister in Wivanhoe, England, 
and was of Saxon origin. He was the brother of 
Eichard Babeock, who occupied the family 
mansion. His coat-of-arms was a shield with 
several cock's-heads upon it with the motto, 
Deus spes mea I'God is my hopel. The early 
family were seated in I^sex county, Ensland, 
at the time of the Xorman conquest. Sir Will- 
iam Seager. in his visit to the county of Essex 
in 1612, states that '• Sir Eichard Badcock was 
the nineteenth in descent from the first holder 
of the family mansion there," — which is said 
by relatives to have been standing in 1850. 
Ephraim. the grandfather of William A., al- 
though but fifteen years of age, was in the Eev- 
olntionary army fro n March 5 until Decem- 
ber 31, 1778. and from Jannary 10 to Febru- 
ary 16. 177S. He was made a pensioner in 

His mother, Esther Elizabeth Loomis, de- 
scended from John Loomis, who was b3m about 
1570 and died between April 14 and May 29. 
1619. His original will, still on file in the court 
for the counties of Essex and Hertford, England, 
was formally proven by the executar, his sjn 
Joseph, the 21st of* June. 1619. His five chil- 
dren emigrated t-j New England before the year 
1640. Joseph Loomis sailed from London, 
April 11, 1638, on the ship Susan and Ellen, as 
appears by the customhouse books and by other 
d'jcamentary proofs, and arrived in Boston, 
July 17, 1638. Mr. Babeock has three volumes 


of the genealogy of the Loomis family, con- 
taining over 28,000 names of the descendants, 
pnhlislied by Elias Loomis, LL. 1)., a professor 
at Yale College and the popular author of col- 
lege text-books. It is an exhaustive and de- 
tailed proof of his being a descendant of John 
Loomis, whose first son, Joseph, was born in 
1590. The town records of Windsor, Connect- 
icut (volume 1, February 2, 1640) show that 
Joseph acquired several large tracts of land both 
on the Farmington and the Connecticut rivers, 
partly from the town and partly by purchase. 

His mother Esther also descended from Giles 
Badger, who came from England and settled in 
Nevvl)ury, now Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
about 1635, as appears by Weaver's history of 
Windham and by a book in the Case Library 
(B 57, 300) entitled " Memoirs of- the Kev. 
James Badger." The latter was the nephew of 
Mr. Babcock's great grandfather. He was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, then studied 
to become a minister, was appointed as a mis- 
sionary, by the Connecticut Home Missionary 
Society, to preach to the settlers and Indians on 
the Western Reserve. In August, 1801, he 
preached in Cleveland, when there were only 
two families in the place. In Newburg, now a 
part of Cleveland, there were five families. 

The ancestry of the subject of this sketch, 
as systematically as we can give it without dia- 
gram, is, so far as known, as follows: 

William Babcook, the father of W. A. Bab- 
cock (our subject) was born in South Coventry, 
Connecticut, July 12, 1804, and died March 16, 
1870. June 19, 1839, he married Esther Eliz- 
abeth Loomis, who was born in Andover, Con- 
necticut, February 1, 1818, and died in South 
Coventry, December 12, 1890. 

William Baljcock's father, Ephraim Babcock, 
was born September 3, 1763, was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war, and died February 26, 
1828. His wife Thirza was born in February, 
1766, and died October 13, 1827. 

Elisha Babcock of Coventry, born July 19, 
1746, married Elizabeth Preston, and was the 
father of Ephraim. 

Simeon Babcock, of Coventry, father of Eli- 
sha, married Al)igail Hudson, October 5, 1736. 
He died November 30, 1751. 

Simeons' father, Jonathan Babcock, was born 
in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1651, and died 
January 5, 1731. His wife Mary died January 
28, 1719. Jonathan's father, James Babcock, 
Jr., died in 1690; his father, James Babcock, 
was born in Essex, England, in 1580. 

The mother of the subject of this sketch, al- 
ready mentioned, was the daughter of Timothy 
Loomis, was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, 
May 14, 1786, and died in Andover, that State, 
May 17 1860. October 2, 1808, he married 
Tirzah Badger, who died in South Coventry, 
same State, May 14, 1863. 

Timotliy's father, Dan Loomis, was born in 
Lebanon, Connecticut, Jannai'y 22, 175S, was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, anddiedin Cov- 
entry August 22, 1841. He married Sarah Field. 

Tirzah Badger Lootnis' father was Enoch Bad- 
ger, Jr., who married Mary Lamphear, February 
11, 1773. 

Enoch Badger, Jr.'s father was Enoch Bad- 
ger, who settled in Coventry before 1748. He 
died September 4, 1793, aged seventy-nine. 
His father, Nathaniel Badger, settled in Nor- 
wich, Connecticut; he married Mary Hunt, 
March 27, 1693. He died at Coventry, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1752; and his father, John Badger, 
was born June 30, 1643, and married Rebecca 
Brown, October 5, 1691. He was the son of 
Giles Badger, who came from England and set- 
tled in Newbury, now Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, about 1635, as already mentioned. 
He married Elizabeth Greenleaf, daughter of 
Edmond. He died July 10, 1647. 

Dan Loomis' father, Timothy Loomis, was born 
in East Windsor, Connecticut, August 24, 1718, 
and died June 20, 1785. He married Anna 
Taylor, who died March 7, 1799. Timothy 
Loomis' father, John Loomis, an ensign, was 
born in Hatfield, Massachusetts, January 1, 
1681, and died in Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1755. 
October 30, 1706, he married Martha Osborn, 
who was born April 10, 1687. 



Thomas Loomis, the father of the last raen- 
tioued, was born in Windsor, Connecticut, De- 
cember 3, 1653, and died Angust 12, 1688. 
March 31, 1680, he married Sarah White (a 
daughter of Daniel White), who was born in 
Hatfield, Massachusetts, October 15, 1662. 

Thomas Loomis' father, John Loomis, was a 
deacon wlio came from England in 1622, and 
died September 1, 1688. February 3, 1648, he 
married Elizabeth Scott, a daughter of Thomas 
Scott, of Hartford, Connecticut. 

Joseph Loomis, father of John, was born in 
Braintree, Essex county, England, in 1590, and 
died November 25, 1658: his wife died August 
23, 1652. John Loomis, father of Joseph, was 
born probably about 1570, and died between 
April 14 and May 29, 1619. 

September 21, 1876, the subject of this sketch 
married Miss Gertrude A. Bunker, who was 
born in Brooklyn, New York, November 13, 
1842, a daughter of Thomas Gorham Bunker, 
who was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 8, 1793, and died in Brooklyn, October 9, 
1852. May 24, 1819, the latter married Sally 
Amelia Raymond, who was born in Norwalk, 
Connecticut, January 4, 1801, and died in Brook- 
lyn, November 26, 1883. 

Richard Banker, Jr., father of T. G., was a 
native of Nantucket, and married Lois Cart- 
wright, a native of the same place. Riciiard 
Bunker, father of last, was a native of that 
place, and married Eunice Mitchell, also a na- 
tive of the same place. Richard's parents, 
Thomas and Anna (Swain) Bunker, were also 
natives of Nantucket, as were also Thomas' 
parents, Benjamin and Deborah (Haddock) 
Bunker. Benjamin's parents were William and 
Mary (Macy) Bunker; and William's father, 
George Bunker, married Jane Godfrey, who 
after his death married for her second husband 
Richard Swain, who moved to Nantucket prior 
to 1660. George's father, William, was a 
Huguenot from England. 

The maternal grandmother of the present 
Mrs. Babcock was Sukey (Brown) Raymond, 
who was born in Norwalk, Connecticut, July 4, 

1769, and died in Brooklyn, New York, in April, 
1865. Her father, Jedediah Brown, was born 
September 10, 1743, in Norwalk, and Novem- 
ber 13, 1768, in that city, married Mary Lock- 
wood, a native of the same place. 

' — Among the representative citizens of 
Cleveland is Mr. George A. Garretson, 
who, as president of the National Bank 
of Commerce, occupies a prominent place among 
the leading bankers and financiers of the city. 

He is a native of Columbiana county, Ohio, was 
born on the 30th day of January, 1844. His 
ancestors on the paternal side came to America 
from Holland about the year 1700. They be- 
came Quakers and for many years were promin- 
ent members of that society. His maternal an- 
cestors came to this country from Scotland 
during the seventeenth century and settled in 
Pennsylvania. Seven of them served with credit 
through the Revolutionary war, and several par- 
ticipated in the wars with England in 1812 and 
Mexico in 1846. 

Hiram Garretson, father of our subject, was 
born in 1817 in York county, Pennsylvania, and 
was the son of George and Anne (Griffith) 
Garretson, who in 1820 left Pennsylvania and 
came to Ohio, settling at New Lisbon, Colum- 
biana county. He was given a good common- 
school education, after which lie entered his 
father's store as a clerk. When about nineteen 
years of age he took charge of a trading boat on 
the Ohio river and made several trips between 
Pittsburg and New Orleans, following which he 
returned to New Lisbon and engaged in busi- 
ness, continuing until the winter of 1851. The 
next spring he removed to Cleveland and associ- 
ated himself with Leonard and Robert Hanna 
in the wholesale grocery business, under the 
firm name of Hanna, Garretson & Company. 
After a successful career the firm was dissolved, 
in 1862, and Mr. Garretson immediately estab- 
lished the firm of H. Garretson & Comany, for 



the transaction, mainly, of Laive Superior com- 
mission and forwarding business, the firm build- 
ing a fine line of steamers for the trade. At 
the same time Mr. Garretson secured the agency 
for all the Boston and Xew England raining 
companies located on Lake Superior, purchasing 
their supplies and having charge of all trans- 
portation between Boston and the mines. In 
1866 ill health compelled him to relinquish this 
large and important business, and he turned his 
attention to banking. 

In company with J. H. Wade, Amasa Stone, 
George B. Ely, Stillman Witt and others, he 
projected and organized the Cleveland Banking 
Company, which went into business under his 
presidency and management on February 1, 
1868. Two years later this institution was 
merged into the Second National Bank of Cleve- 
land, of which Mr. Garretson was prevailed 
upon to become cashier. In the spring of 1873 
his health again failed him, compelling his 
temporary retirement from active business, and 
he went to Europe under appointment by 
President Grant as United States Commissioner 
to the Vienna Exposition. The American de- 
partment of this exposition was in a bad con- 
dition and was reflecting discredit upon the 
Government, and the then commissioner was 
removed and Mr. Garretson appointed to fill 
the vacancy. He brought order out of confusion, 
and so highly esteemed were his services that 
the emperor of Austria decorated him with the 
imperial order of Francis Joseph. 

Upon his return from Europe he was elected 
president of the Second National Bank. He was 
a director in the Citizens' Savings & Loan 
Association, and held large interests in several 
other important enterprises of the city. 

For his first wife Mr. Garretson married 
Margaret King Armstrong, the daughter of 
General.! ohn and Isabella (McKaig) Armstrong, 
who removed from Pennsylvania to Columbiana 
county, Ohio, iu 1804. She liad three children, 
and died May 16, 1852. The subject of this sketch 
is the only one of the children living. Septem- 
ber 8, 1856, Mr. Hiram Garretson, for bis 

second wife married Mrs. Ellen M. Abbott, nee 
Howe, of Springfield, Massachusetts, and by 
this marriage there were three children, the 
only one now living being Mrs. Ellen G. Wade, 
wife of J. H. Wade. Mr. Garretson's death 
occurred in Cleveland on May 7, 1876. 

The subject of this sketch was reared in 
Cleveland, and was given the benefit of excep- 
tional educational advantages. After attending 
the public schools of the city for two years he 
entered a first-class private boarding school at 
Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York, where he 
pursued his studies until the breaking out of 
the late Civil war. Returning to Cleveland, he 
answered his country's call for volunteers. On 
the 26th day of May, 1862, when but eighteen 
years of age, he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany E, Eighty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
was mustered in at Camp Chase at Columbus, 
was soon sent to the field, served in Maryland 
and West Virginia, and on the 20th day of 
September of the same year was mustered out. 
A number of Ohio regiments were then being 
organized for three years' service and the 
young soldier was promised, and made ar- 
rangements to accept, a commission as Second 
Lieutenant in one of them, but as about that 
time a vacancy occurred in the United States 
Military Academy at West Point, and he was 
tendered a cadetship by the Honorable A. G. 
Riddle, M. C, which he accepted. He entered 
West Point on the 20th day of June, 1863, and 
graduated on the 17th day of June, 1867, and 
upon the same day of his graduation was ap- 
pointed Second Lieutenant of the Fourth United 
States Artillery. He served with that regiment 
at different posts during the years 1867-'68, 
and in 1869 was appointed Signal Officer on the 
staff of Major General John Pope, commanding 
the department of the Lakes at Detroit, Michi- 
gan. In 1869, the Government began prej^ara- 
tions for reducing the army to a peace basis, and 
inactivity and slow promotion being the result 
Mr. Garretson resigned from the service on the 
1st day of January, 1870, with the permission 
of General W. T. Sherman, Commander-in- 


Chief, and with the full understanding that in 
case of need at any time his services would be 
tendered to the Government. 

After resigning from the regular army Mr. 
Garretson engaged in mercantile business in 
Cleveland and continued in that line until May, 
1875, when he entered the Second National 
Eank of Cleveland, of which his father was then 
president. In February, 1879, he was appointed 
assistant cashier of the bank, and a year from 
that date was made cashier. In 1883 the 
charter of the Second National Baidv expired by 
limitation, and the National Bank of Commerce 
was organized, with practically the same stock- 
holders as its predecessor, and Mr. Garretson 
was appointed cashier of the new bank. Upon 
the death of Mr. Joseph Perkins, president of 
said bank, in 1885, Mr. J. H. Wade was chosen 
president and Mr. Garretson vice president, and 
following Mr. Wade's death Mr. Garretson was 
elected president, which position he holds at the 
present time, being one of the youngest bank 
presidents in Cleveland, and that too, of one of 
the city's leading banks. 

Having received a military education Mr. 
Garretson naturally felt an interest in the State 
militia, but owing to business reasons was com- 
pelled to decline any appointment until 1877, 
when at the time of threatened riots in the city, 
he assisted Colonel W. II. Harris, late of the 
United States Army and a graduate of West 
Point, in organizing the First Cleveland Troop 
of Cavalry, of which Colonel Harris was captain 
and Mr. Garretson First Lieutenant. He re- 
tained his commission in the above organization 
until 1884, when, upon the resignation of Col- 
onel Harris, he was elected to succeed him in 
command of the company. In 1887 the troop 
joined the Ohio National Guard, Mr. Garretson 
remaining in command until 1892, when busi- 
ness interests compelled him to resign and give 
up military matters, notwithstanding tempting 
offers of high rank iu the State service had been 
repeatedly made to him. On January 12, 1880, 
Mr. Garretson was appointed Colonel and Aid- 
de-cainp on the staff of Governor Charles Foster, 

and upon the re-election of the Governor in 
1882 was recommissioned for two years, and 
served until the expiration of his term on Jan- 
nary 14, 1884. 

Mr. Garretson is a member of the order of 
the Loyal Legion of the United States. He is 
a trustee of the Lakeside Hospital, and takes a 
strono- interest in other charitable and benevo- 
lent institutions of the city. He has always been 
a Kepublican in politics, but has never had 
political aspirations. 

He has traveled extensively in the United 
States, and has made two extended tours in 
Europe and the East, visiting all the important 
points of interest in those countries. 

Mr. Garretson was married on the 21st day 
of September, 1870, to Miss Anna Scowden, 
daughter of the late Theodore R. Scowden. Her 
death occurred in August, 1886, and on the 5th 
day of December, 1888, he was married to Miss 
Emma Eipka Ely, daughter of the late Honor- 
able George II. Ely, one of Cleveland's promin- 
ent and deservedly honored citizens. Two chil- 
dren have been born by this marriage, — 
Margaret Ely and George Ely. 

Ti V. DAWES, secretary and treasurer of 
i^ |l the Garfield Savings Bank Company, has 
^a^ been a citizen and business man of Cleve- 
land since September, 1887. He began busi- 
ness with the Cozad, Belz & Bates Abstract 
Company, and continued in its service until his 
election as secretary and treasurer of the Gar- 
field Savings Bank Company, July 1, 1892. 
This bank was at that time a new institution, it 
having been established with a capital stock of 
$50,000, all paid in. It now has deposits aggre- 
gating $100,000 and a surplus of .^2,000. 

Mr. Dawes was born in Cummington, Massa- 
chusetts, May 30, 1870, and his boyhood and 
youth were spent on his father's farm. His 
primary education was received in the district 
schools, and his final school work was done in 
the Cummington High School, where he grad- 



uated at the age of seventeen. He then, in 
1887, came to Cleveland and, as above stated, 
lias been a resident here ever since. 

The Dawes family were among the earliest 
settlers of New England. Senator Dawes, of 
Massachusetts, belongs to one branch of the 
family. Charles W. Dawes, our subject's father, 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits all his life 
with the exception of the time he spent in the 
service of his country during the Civil w'ar, his 
service being chiefly in the South. He married 
a daughter of P. Bates, who was also a de- 
scendant of New England pioneers, and they 
became the parents of three children, J. Y. 
being their second born and the only one of the 
family now living outside the borders of the old 
Bay State. 

J. Y. Dawes was married in Cleveland, June 
3, 1891, to Nellie H., daughter of Byron Fay, 
of the firm of Wood & Company, merchants of 
Cleveland. Mr. and Mrs. Dawes have one child, 
Byron F., aged two years. 

T' S. LINDSEY, paymaster of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Kailway 
Company, and for forty years a faithful 
servant of the company, was born in 
Hampshire county, Massachusetts, July 9, 
1822. He secured a liberal education at the 
village schools and became quite apt at busi- 
ness, having an opportunity to gain experience 
from his father's vocations, he being a country 
merchant. Postmaster and Magistrate. He 
also attended "Wilbraham Academy and a simi- 
lar institution at Amherst, Massachusetts. 
When twenty years old he left the paternal 
roof and began railroad work on the Boston it 
Albany as clerk for the agent at West Brook- 
field, Massachusetts, displaying rare talent for 
one of limited experience, in making out re- 
ports, etc., without assistance, much to the sur- 
prise and pleasure of his superiors. 

The California gold excitement took posses- 
sion of him and in 1849 he sailed around Cape 

Horn to the El Dorado of the West, and was 
absent between two and three years prospect- 
ing and mining theyelloiv metal. 

In 1851 he returned East and again sought 
railroad work, engaging with the Boston ife Al- 
bany and the Worcester & Nashua at Worces- 
ter, and leaving their road to enter the service 
of the Lake Shore, which he did October 20, 
1853, being stationed in Cleveland as ticket 
agent of the Sandusky division. His first change 
of position placed him in the treasurer's office, 
where he remained one year. He was then 
made paymaster of the Toledo division, and 
three years later was requested to assume 
charge of the freight office of the road at Cleve- 
land, remaining five years. He was appointed 
assistant superintendent of the Cleveland & 
Toledo Railroad in 1863, and filled the position 
till 1867, when he succeeded to the superin- 
tendeucy, serving until January 1, 1870, when 
he was appointed paymaster of the consolidated 
lines, — the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern. 

In the twenty-three years and a half which 
Mr. Lindsey has served as paymaster he has 
paid out of his car to employees more than 
880,000,000, and has covered a distance of 225,- 
000 miles, an unparalleled record in this or any 
other country. 

Mr. Lindsey has been honored by the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern by the change in 
the name of a town on its line from Washing- 
ton to Lindsey. 

This branch of the Lindscys is early Colonial 
with reference to its time of founding in Amer- 
ica. The history of its establishment is quite 
unusual and romantic, and is as follows: 

A Scotchman named Lindsey and his sons in 
command of an English war ship put into a 
New England harbor at Salem, Massachusetts, 
for repairs, and while so lying in wait one of 
the sons made the acquaintance of and married 
the daughter of the captain of the port. When 
the repairs were made and the vessel ready for 
sea, the young husband sailed with his crew ex- 
pecting to reach England and make proper ar- 
rangements for taking up his residence in 


Massachusetts. But while sailiug in the Bay 
of Biscay they were attacked by a French fleet 
and all were reported lost by the blowing up of 
the vessel. A son was born to the widow in 
America and from this son springs the Lindsey 
family. One of his descendants, Habakknk 
Lindsey, our subject's great-grandfather, lived 
and died in Salem, near North Danvers, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married Mary Green, October 
6, 1741, and reared three children, one of whom 
was Habakkuk, our subject's grandfather. He 
was a minute man during tlie war of the Revo- 
lution and participated in the battles of Lexing- 
ton and Stillwater. He married Joanna, a 
daughter of Gideon Gowings, at Linfield, and 
was a fanner. He moved to New Salem in 
1790, where he died January 12, 1835. His 
son, Stacy Jjindsey, was our subject's father. 
He was born in North Danvers in 1786, May 
12, and married, in Sterling, Massachusetts, in 
1816, Haley Wilder. Their children are: Au- 
gusta H., married Josiah Miller; Catherine J., 
wife of L. G. Mason; Theodore S., married first 
Rebecca Dane at West Brookfield; she died in 
Cleveland in 1879. They had the following 
children: Theodore D., born March, 1857, 
now a dentist; Nellie F., born December 12, 
18G0, married first C. W. Johnson, deceased, 
her second marriage occurring in 1893 to E. S. 
Teichman. Mr. Lindsey's second marriage oc- 
curred February 22, 1888, to Mrs. Ida Rigg, a 
daughter of James Stoddard of Norwich, Con- 
necticut. The other members of Stacy Lind- 
sey's family were: F. W., assistant paymaster; 
Harriet F., married Rev. G. H. Newhall; 
George W.; and Mary E., wife of O. G. Holt, 
at Willington, Connecticut. 

TjOHN M. ERASER, M. D., a leading phy- 
^, I sician of Cleveland, was born in Colum- 
's^ biana county, Ohio, January 15, 1852. 
His parents were John and Margaret Fraser. 
The father was a native of Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, coming with his parents to Ohio shortly 
after his birth. John Eraser was a thrifty 

farmer and a public-spirited citizen, and was 
for many years associated with those who were 
active in the best interests of the county. He 
did his full share to promote the welfare of his 
community, to which he came as a pioneer. He 
died in 1873, aged sixty-seven. He and his 
wife were members of the Scotch Presbyterian 
Church. Mrs. John Fraser was born in 1816 
and died in 1890. She was a devout Christian 
of sweet and noble character, and a most ex- 
emplary wife and mother. 

Our subject is the seventh son and ninth 
child in a family of fourteen children, of whom 
only ten are now living. William C, an elder 
brother, enlisted in 1862, in Company C, 
Seventy-eighth Regiment, and marched with 
General Sherman from Atlanta to the sea, was 
a builder of the pontoon bridges, and served 
three years, his service terminating at alx)ut the 
time the war closed. He never was wounded 
or taken prisoner and stood the service well. 
He is now a contractor and builder at Wells- 
ville, Ohio. William Fraser has an enviable 
reputation as a brave, earnest and patriotic sol- 
dier as well as a good citizen, such as gives 
character to a community. 

Dr. Fraser was educated in Washington, Penn- 
sylvania, receiving the degree of A. M. He read 
medicine under Dr. Norman P. Sackrider, of 
Cleveland, Ohio, and attended the Western 
Reserve Medical College, where he graduated 
in March, 1881. He began his practice on 
Woodland avenue in Cleveland, remaining there 
until August, 1893, when he removed to his 
present location on Erie street. He was 
demonstrator of anatonay in Wooster Medical 
College for four years, and has been physician 
in charge of St. Mary's Orphan Asylum on 
Harmon street for the past three years. He had 
three years of experience in teaching in Colum- 
biana county. 

He is a member of the Cuyahoga County and 
State Medical Associations. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics. He is well-read in his profes- 
sion and stands well as a progressive physician 
and surgeon, as well as enterprising citizen. 


He was married December 27, 1882, to Miss 
Mary G. Hardie, daughter of George and Isa- 
bell Hardie. The Hardies were of Scotch 
descent, but the father of Mrs. Fraser descended 
from the French Huguenots. Dr. and Mrs. 
Fraser have two children: Fanny Edith and 
Ruth Huntly. Both parents are members of 
the United Presbyterian Church. 

Iff GRACE B. CORNER, secretary and 
fri treasurer of tlie Citizens' Savings & Loan 
II ^ Association of Cleveland, Ohio, was born 
"^ in McConnellsville, Ohio, June 26, 1846. 

Since 1857 he has lived in Cleveland. His 
education was received in public, private, and 
commercial schools. At the age of fifteen he 
began his business career, his first occupation 
being that of newsboy. At different times later 
on, he visited his uncle in Massachusetts, where 
he learned something of farming. When he 
returned to Cleveland after bis first absence he 
engaged in gardening, and made money enough 
in one season to carry him through Eastman 
Commercial College. Then he went to Colum- 
bus, Ohio, where for two years he was employed 
in a dry-goods establishment, following which 
lie was in the employ of the Buckeye Insurance 
Company, of (Jleveland, two years. In 1870 he 
became connected with the Citizens' Savings & 
Loan Association. From time to time he has 
been promoted, and has filled every position 
from the lowest up to the one he now occupies, 
the duties of which he assumed January 1, 
1894. He has been a director of the association 
since January, 1889. 

Mr. Corner's other official positions are as 
follows: He is treasurer of the Cleveland Bethel 
Union; treasurer of the Bethel Associated 
Charities; treasurer of the Kalamazoo, Alle- 
gan & Grand Rapids Railroad Company; 
registrar of the Cleveland Rolling-mill Com- 
pany; and trustee for numerous funds. He is a 
member of the Chamber uf Conniieroe and of 
St. Paul's Church. 

Mr. Corner is a son of William M. Corner 
and Mary Trow Bassett. The latter was born 
in Massachusetts, December 18, 1818. She 
was educated at Mount Ilolyoke Seminary under 
the noted Mary Lyon, and for many years taught 
a private school in this city,i)efore which she 
was principal of Worthington (Ohio) Seminary 
and Howard University at Washington, District 
of Columbia. She was the mother of two chil- 
dren, the other being Charles Corner of New 
York city. The last years of her life were 
spent in the South, and her death occurred at 
Savannah, Georgia, December 10, 1893. 

November 24, 1884, Mr. Corner married 
Amelia C. Ranney, eldest daughter of Henry C. 
Ranney, of this city. They have two sons. 

d(OHN A. ZANGERLE, one of the many 
! members of the Cleveland bar, and a 
member of the law firm of Thieme & Zan- 
gerle, of Nos. 618, 619 and 620 Society for 
Savings Building, was born at Hancock, Michi- 
gan, April 12, 1865. His parents were Adam 
and Marie (Ritter) Zangerle, both natives of 
Hesse Darmstadt, Germany. Adam Zangerle 
was a mason and contractor at Hancock, Michi- 
gan, and in 1866 removed to Cleveland and en- 
gaged in the wholesale liquor business on On- 
tario street, in which he is at present engaged. 
The gentleman whose name heads this brief 
outline was reared in Cleveland and was edu- 
cated in the public schools. In passing through 
the course of the high school he stood fair in 
rank and graduated president of his class. After 
leaving school he engaged in mercantile life in 
the wholesale drug house of Benton, Myers & 
Company, where he spent two years. He next 
engaged in the music-printing business and 
continued in it about two years. AVhile engaged 
in that line he desired to prepare himself for 
the legal profession, and in order to secure 
necessary money he taught night school for four 
years, during which period he was studying law 
with Judges Burke and Ingersoll. In January, 


1891, he was admitted to tlie bar and immedi- 
ately went into the office of Mr. Thieme, and a 
year later formed a partnership with him. 

He early conceived the idea that politics 
would be a fruitful mode of advertising and 
bringing himself before the people, and in 
April, 1891, he was elected as a Democrat 
from a heavy Kepublican district, as a member 
of the Board of Education, entering as the 
youngest member of the board. Since that 
time he has been quite active and has been en- 
gaged more or less in politics; is at present 
Chairman of the Democratic Central Commit- 
tee of the county, having been chosen to that 
place in 1893. He has been chairman of vari- 
ous political organizations and committees. He 
is also a member of numerous social and ath- 
letic organizations, — Cleveland Grays, Cleve- 
land Gesangverein, Socialer Turn Verein, Lake- 
side Cycling Clul), and other social and athletic 

LM. SOUTHERN, a representative citizen 
I of Cleveland and one of the most eminent 
1 builders, iirst became a resident here as 

early as 18B9, brought here by his parents when 
a young child. He was born in Ithaca, New 
York, in 1837, a son of William and Anna 
(Pixley) Southern, natives respectively of Mary- 
land and Connecticut. His father was of Ger- 
man ancestry, and his mother of New England. 
On their first arrival in Ohio they located in 
Rockport for a short time, and then came to 
Cleveland. The father was a farmer, and also a 
dealer in staves, shipping to England. He fol- 
lowed this business extensively for many years 
and died in 1871, at Eockport, Ohio, at the age 
of seventy-one years. His wife survived until 
1876, when she died al the age of sixty-nine 
yearti. Of their nine children who grew to 
maturity, six are living. A record of all is as 
follows: Julia, widow of Peter Bowers, a resi- 
dent of Rockport; "William, who died of in- 
juries received in the war, in which he had 
served throughout its entire period, in light ar- 

tillery; Lemuel M., whose name heads this 
sketch; Christopher, a fruit-grower of Rock- 
port; Mary, who married a man named Ander- 
son and is now deceased; Joseph, a gardener 
and orchardist of Kockport; Elvira, now Mrs. 
John Ingram, of Cleveland; Julius, a mer- 
chant and fruit-raiser of Cleveland; and Susie, 
now the wife of Peter Clampitt, of East 

Mr. L. M. Southern, our subject, was reared 
and educated in Cleveland. A part of his edu- 
cation he received in a log school-house on the 
West Side. While his schooling was limited, 
he has always had the talent of close observa- 
tion, which has enabled him to obtain in the 
school of practical life the most important ele- 
ments of a useful education, having been one 
of the best and most active business men of tiie 
city. When but eight years of age he began 
to provide for himself, and up to the present 
time he has never received a dollar excepting 
what he has earned. Indeed, he really earned 
his first money when but five years of age, — a 
six-pence. His employment, especially in 
earlier life, has been various, — making hay, ped- 
dling fruit, cutting wood, etc., and he has 
passed through all the hardships generally in- 
dent to pioneer life, and experiencing also many 
of its pleasures, as, for food he often had veni- 
son, wild turkey, wild honey, etc., and for free- 
dom all that the unorganized West afforded at 
that day. He has visited the red man in his 
tent, has hunted deer and turkey in what is now 
the very center of this great city, and his home 
was, of course, the familiar old-fashioned log 

When but thirteen years of age he exhibited 
the spirit of trade and business. Having 
saved up |12.50 by working for only ten and 
twelve and a half cents a day, he invested it in 
a ten days' option on four acres of land, and 
within four days afterward he sold three and a 
half acres of it for what the entire lot cost him. 
On the remaining half acre he built a house and 
cleared §275 on the whole deal. Between four- 
teen and fifteen years of age he began to learn 


the builders' trade, working at first for two 
years for two shillings per day and board. 
After completing his apprenticeship he followed 
his trade some twenty years longer, erecting 
many buildings in Cleveland, — '-from the bot- 
tom of the cellar to the top of the chimney." 
And he was a fine mechanic. During the 
above period he also dealt in real estate. He 
was the first to " allot " land in Cleveland, the 
first to make improvements on allotments, the 
first to conceive the idea of grading the streets 
and curbing atid paving them, of laying side- 
walks, putting in a water and sewer system, 
etc. He was the first man north of the Ohio 
river to introduce the practice of paving streets 
witli brick; was the first to pave a residence 
street in this city outside of Case avenue. He 
also opened and led in the real-estate business 
here, reviving it on three distinct occasions 
from a stagnant condition. He was the first to 
inaugurate a heavy real-estate business in 
Cleveland. He bought the largest allotment 
ever purchased in this city or county, paying 
for it §335,000, whicli plat he soon disposed of 
for over 8500,000. He gave a check for $10,- 
000 down, and in five months paid the balance 
out of the sale of the property. This was in 
the fall of 1879. Between 1S67 and 1873 Mr. 
Southern accumulated $175,000, but the finan- 
cial stress setting in during the latter year find- 
ing him loaded with real estate, resulted in his 
loss of every dollar of the accumulation. Dur- 
ing that painful period of monetary stringency 
he lay quiet, awaiting opportunity', excepting 
that he improved his time somewliat in anotlier 
direction, by prospecting for minerals in Colo- 
rado, in which he located several valuable 
mines, some of the best in the State, but, being 
unable for want of funds to develop them, his 
bonds finally ran out. Since that time the 
mines have increased in value, — away up into 
the millions, — ^and he has never realized a dollar 
from them. For two of the poorest of those 
mines Senator Jones paid $200,000. The result 
shows the superior judgment of Mr. Southern 
in locatinsr mines'. 

One of his heaviest real-estate deals was his 
purchase of a lot on Euclid avenue, for $100,- 
000, and in just three days he sold the same for 
$107,500! He has drawn a single personal 
check for $156,000. During the year 1880 he 
did a business of over a million dollars. He 
has handled more property than any other man 
in the county, and his name appears upon more 
deeds than that of any other man in this county. 
He has made upward of fifty allotments, — over 
3,000 acres altogether, — in this city. He platted 
the Wade Park allotment of fifty acres, where 
he spent upward of $150,000 in improvements. 
In order to consummate one transaction he 
promised his New York customer immediate 
transportation as soon as the business was set- 
tled, if he missed the train, — which proved to 
be the case, when Mr. Southern hired a special 
train and sent his client on his way rejoicing. 
He has been a close attendant to his business, 
only occasionally making trips from the city, 
and they were short. Being a fine mechanic, 
he has originated and executed many improve- 
ments in building. He originated the double- 
cased pipe and double wrapping with asbestos 
paper. Of the thousands of houses he has 
built in Cleveland he has taken a personal in- 
terest in each one to make them as convenient 
and comfortable as possible. 

In his political views Mr. Southern is a lie- 
publican, with a high sense of the "moral" in 
government. He is kind, considerate and 
patient; has never foreclosed a mortgage, 
although he has taken thousands. He is lil)eral 
to a fault. He has donated liberally to the 
building of every church in the city. Practi- 
cally he emphasizes the maxim that what one 
does he should do well. Being pleasantly dis- 
posed, he enjoys life and the friendship of thou- 
sands of fellow-citizens, and is an affable 

December 20, 1861, is the date of his mar- 
riage to Miss Libbie Gale, who was born in 
East Cleveland, a daughter of Martin Gale, who 
came from Plattsburg, New York. Mr. and 
Mrs. Southern have two children: William M., 


engaged in real estate and married to Miss 
Stanley; and Kittle M-, now the wife of Walter 
King, an optician. The family are Methodists 
in their religious connections, and they reside 
in an elegant mansion on Lamont street, at the 
east end of the city, which location has been 
their liome for thirty-five years. 

THOMAS JOPLING.— The late Tliomas 
Jopling was one of Cleveland's successful 
and deservedly honored citizens: by his 
death the city lost one of the ablest finan- 
ciers, a leading manufacturer, and a man who 
in addition to splendid business talent, was dis- 
tinguished for his unswerving integrity and 
genial kindliness. He was closely identified 
with several important industrial and financial 
institutions, Ijeing at the time of his death one 
of the managing directors and financial man- 
ager of the Otis Steel Company, wliich is one of 
the largest concerns of the kind in the country 
and of which he had been the leading spirit for 
many years. 

Mr. Jopling was born in Northumberland 
county, England, on the 10th of January, 1841, 
of poor but well connected parentage. Upon 
the untimely death of his fatlier through an ac- 
cident, seven young children were left without 
provision for their rearing and education, but 
were adopted by relatives. Fortunately for 
Mr. Jopling, he was taken in charge by his 
mother's brother, Mr. Thomas Halliday, a man 
of unusually fine character, without children of 
his own, and successfully engaged in the man- 
agement of extensive coal and iron concerns. 
He gave the fatherless lad a good, plain En- 
glish education and then took him into his own 
office to commence his business training. After 
a couple of years, Mr. Halliday obtained for 
his young nephew another position, where he 
would have opportunities of acquiring more 
varied experience; it was in the office of the 
Sheepbridge Iron Works, then managed by the 
late William Fowler, M. P., a brother of Sir 

John Fowler, the eminent English civil engi- 
neer who built the London underground rail- 
way. The young man remained in the oflSce of 
the Sheepljridge Iron Works upward of four 
years, and in that time laid the foundation for 
the splendid business career which followed. 

In 1864 he was married to Miss Mary Clay- 
ton, a daughter of John Clayton, a well known 
colliery proprietor and a highly respected citi- 
zen of the ancient town of Chesterfield. In the 
same year Mr. Jopling gave up his position 
under Mr. Fowler and came to the United States 
as a country of larger opportunities than his 
native land. He had a fancy for farming, and 
purchased a small farm near Enon Valley, in 
Pennsylvania. However, as he was without 
practical knowledge of agriculture it required 
but a brief experience to demonstrate to his 
satisfaction that farming was not his vocation, 
and he determined to return to his old employ- 
ment at the first suitable opportunity. It was 
fortunate for himself, family and the city of 
Cleveland that he so determined, as otherwise 
the talents of a brilliant financier and a man of 
extraordinary business capacity must have been 
lost to the world. He obtained a position in 
the office of the late Freeman Butts, a coal op- 
erator in Pennsylvania, once a I'esident of tiiis 
city. Later on Mr. Jopling formed a partner- 
ship with William A. Rabinson, also of Cleve- 
land, and opened a coal mine near Palestine, 

AVhile thus engaged he met and became ac- 
quainted with C. A. Otis, founder and propri- 
etor of the Otis Iron Works of Cleveland. Mr. 
Otis is above all things a judge of men, and, 
quickly noticing Mr. Jopliug's fine business 
capacity, he made him a proposition to come to 
Cleveland and take charge of his office. Mr. 
Otis's offer was accepted and Mr. Jopling came 
to the city, — a step that was never regretted by 
either gentleman. Mr. Jopling had charge of 
the office of the Iron Works until tliey were 
sold, and then became a partner with Mr. Otis 
in the erection of the new Otis Steel and Iron 
(Company's) AVorks, which went into operation 


about 1874, with Mr. Jopling as financial man- 
ager. Later he was instrumental in success- 
fully negotiating and completing the sale of 
this large concern to an English syndicate. He 
retained an interest in the works, and was made 
one of the managing directors of the new com- 
pany, — a position he held at the time of his 

Mr. Jopling was one of the founders, and 
president, of the American Wire Works, an- 
othei- of Cleveland's large and important manu- 
factories. He was vice president of the East 
End Savings Bank, and a director of the Citi- 
zens' Savings and Loan Association. He was 
largely interested in the Mutual and Orient 
lines of lake boats, also in the Cleveland street 
railways and various other enterprises in this 
and other cities. His wonderfully clear and di- 
rect business insight, his sound and experi- 
enced judgment, as well as his well known dis- 
position to render aid and lend his influence to 
all worthy purposes, caused him to be freely 
called upon for advice and assistance, and also 
became the means by which he acquired various 
interests in many corporations and companies. 
At all times he was prompt in aiding and 
abetting all movements looking toward the 
building up of his adopted city, and increasing 
her industrial and commercial importance. 

Mr. Jopling possessed an eminently sympa- 
thetic and charitable nature. Never was appeal 
made in vain to him by the poor and needy, or 
the discouraged and distressed. He gave liber- 
ally to charitable and benevolent institutions of 
all denominations, making no distinction in 
creeds; yet so unostentatious was his charity 
that many of his donations were unknown even 
to his family until after his death! He was 
brought up in the church, but after leaving 
England did not formally belong to any con- 
gregation. He followed the teachings of his 
youth, and his life was that of a Christian, 
though not a church member. He was inter- 
ested in public affairs to the extent of being a 
good citizen, but took no active part in politics. 
He was one of the most genial of men, with a 

happy disposition, full of life and capacity for 
enjoyment. He liked good company, and was 
fond of entertaining his friends. He was a 
member of the Union, Roadside and Country 
Clubs; but it was in his own home and sur- 
rounded by his family that he found his 
greatest pleasure. He was a devoted husband 
and a loving and indulgent father, joining his 
children when young in their childish games 
with all the zest of a boy, and finding his best 
recreation with them when grown up. He was 
one of those men who possess the power in a 
singular degree of endearing themselves to their 
associates, old or young. It may be truly said 
of him that " whatsoever he did was done with 
his whole heart," were it playing a game with 
a child, spending a sociable evening with 
friends, entertaining strangers, performing 
business engagements and work of all degrees 
of importance, giving timely advice and help. 
No matter what he did, it was done witii a free 
heart, a clear head and a strong hand. 

His vacations he usually spent in travelling 
with his family in Europe, not following the 
beaten tracks but journeying leisurely from 
place to place, and resting in chosen spots as 
fancy or inclination prompted. Mr. Jopling's 
three children are: two sons, namely, Reginald 
F; Jopling and Thomas Halliday Jopling; and 
a daughter, Florence M., married to Mr. Fran- 
cisco Escobar, a Spanish South American. 

Mr. Jopling died at his residence on Willson 
avenue, on the 18th day of February, 1894, of 
heart failure, at the comparatively early age of 
fifty-three, and is buried in Lake View ceme- 

EV. J. C. HORNBERGER, editor of the 
LivingEpistle and of the English Sunday- 
school literature of the Evangelical As- 
sociation, No. 265 Woodland avenue, 
Cleveland, Ohio, was born in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, September 3, 1845. 

His parents were John and Sarah (Killian) 
Hornberger, natives of Bennsylvania; and his 


grandfatlier was Jacob Hornberger, who served 
as a teamster in the war of the Revolution. 
John Hornberger and his wife were members 
of the Lutheran Clnircli, and were people whose 
honorable and upright lives won for them the 
respect and esteem of all. Both have long since 
passed away, he in 1863, at the age of fifty-live 
years, and she in 1862, also at the age of fifty- 
live. They were the parents of ten children, 
five of whom are still living. J. C. was the 
eighth born. The oldest son, Zacharia, was a 
minister in the Evangelical Association, and 
died in 1893, at the age of sixty years. The 
third son, Sebastian, a veteran of the Civil war, 
died in Cincinnati, Ohio, in July, 1893, at the 
age of fifty-eight years. All of the family now 
living, with the exception of our subject, are 
residents of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 

J. C. Hornberger was educated in the public 
schools and in the seminary of a neighboring 
town. After teaching four terms in the public 
schools, he began preaching. That was in 
1865. For two years he was on a circuit, after 
which he was a stationed preacher for thirteen 
years, filling successively the following appoint- 
ments: Mahanoy City, Pine Grove, Berrysburg, 
Harrisburg and Lebanon. Then he was elected 
Presiding Elder and served nearly eight years, 
until he was elected to his present position by 
the General Conference of the Evangelical 
Association, held at Buffalo in 1887. He was 
re-elected in 1891, his term to expire in 1895. 
Mr. Hornberger was a member of the General 
Conferences of 1875, 1879, 1883, 1887, and 1891, 
being the youngest member of that body in 
1875. He served as English secretary of the 
General Conference of 1875 and 1879, and the 
last named year was elected Fraternal Delegate 
to the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. 
Mr. Hornberger was married, September 17, 
1867, to Miss Christie Etzweiler, daughter of 
George and Mary Etzweiler, of Millersburg, 
Pennsylvania. He and his wife have four chil- 
dren living, viz.: Mary Mabel, an accomplished 
young lady, who occupies the position of stenog- 
rapher in the publishing house with which her 

father is connected; Edith Eebecca, a medical 
student in the Homeopathic Hospital College, 
Cleveland; Sarah Killian, in the Cleveland high 
school; and Robert Zacharias, employed as 
book-binder in the publishing house. All the 
family are members of the same church. 

The personal appearance of Mr. Hornberger 
is that of a gentleman of fine physique, medium 
size, and somewhat inclined to corpulency. He 
is one of those men whose outside appear- 
ances indicate a genial mind and kindly dis- 
position. The dark eyes, shining forth under 
heavy eyebrows, the well-formed and massive 
head, and broad chin, indicate the firmness of 
his character. This has been a characteristic in 
his ministerial life, as a pastor of large con- 
gregations as well as Presiding Elder of dis- 
tricts, and other ofiicial capacities in which he 
has served the church. In all these different 
positions he administered the duties of his office 
to the satisfaction of both his superiors in the 
church and those who were under his super- 
vision. He is a close observer, and his keen 
eye soon detected any irregularity that may have 
existed on his district. 

"While yet serving as Presiding Elder he was 
the editor of a Homiletic Monthly, which was 
received by the ministers of his church, as well 
as by the ministers of other denominations, with 
much appreciation, and was regarded as a work 
of high order. This fact evidently was a rec- 
ommendation to the General Conference of his 
church, which in 1887 elected him editor of the 
Living Epistle and English Sunday-school litera- 
ture of the Evangelical Association. As an 
editor he has shown his ability by the able pro- 
ductions of his pen and careful selection from 
his exchanges, and thus he uses his pen and 
shears with equal success. Possibly one reason 
why his labors are so acceptable, is because he 
has kept himself in close touch with the wants 
and needs of his readers, not as a caterer who 
simply desires to gratify, but as a spiritual ad- 
viser who knows the needs of his people and 
cultivates in them a desire for still better things. 
Another reason which may be assigned is the 


fact that the productions of his fluent pen are 
his convictions and therefore carry with thera 
moral and spiritual force that leave their im- 
prints wherever they are read. 

The church made a wise selection when it in- 
trusted to him the genera! management of the 
Living Epistle and Sunday-scliool literature, 
which has shown a marked improvement in 
every respect during the period of his editor- 

As a speaker, Mr. Hornberger is eloquent, 
and has the happy faculty of never tiring a 

NDREW FREESE, formerly a teacher 

and later the Superintendent of the 

^ Cleveland public schools, and residing at 

241 Sawtell avenue, was born in Bangor, 
Maine, in 1816. His parents, Gordon and 
Hannah (Allen) Freese, were married in Deer- 
field, New Hampshire, their native State. The 
father was an excellent farmer, and his farm was 
admitted to be the best one in the township. He 
was a very energetic and industrious man, teach- 
ing by his example that it was a sin to be idle. 
Politically he was an ardent admirer of Andrew 
Jackson and his principles. He died in 1802, 
at the age of eighty-two years. His wife died 
as early as 1826, at the age of forty-years. She 
was a lady of ardent temperament, most gener- 
ous impulses and a very pious member of the 
Free-will Baptist Church. Of their eleven 
cliildren, ten grew to maturity, four sons and 
six daughters, and oiir subject is the only of the 
family now living, but he has a half sister, Mrs. 
Mary Ilam, a widow living in Bangor. Gordon 
Freese, Jr., brother of the Superintendent, was 
a schoolteaclier in Brooksville, Kentucky, for 
nearly twenty years, wiiere he died in 1872. 

Mr. Freese, the sul>ject of this sketch, was 
educated in Maine, attending college about three 
years altogether, but irregularly. He came to 
Cleveland in 1840, engaging at once in teach- 
ing, at the Prospect Street School. The first 

settlers of this place were from Connecticut, 
and, according to tradition, as soon as three 
familes had established themselves here, which 
was about the beginning of this century, they 
started a school for their five children. The 
earliest school mentioned in any record was 
kept by a Mr. Chapman in 1814; but it was 
not until 1836 — the year of the organization 
under the city charter — that any system of pub- 
lic instruction was adopted. In the Prospect 
Street School, in the latter part of the year 1840, 
the number of pupils was 275; teachers — in 
Senior department, boys, Andrew Freese: girls, 
Sophia Converse; in the Primary, boys, Emma 
Whitney; girls, Sarah M. Thayer. 

In the spring of 1846 the mayor of the city, 
George Hoadley, in his inaugural address rec- 
ommended that a high school for boys be 
established, and that the committee on schools 
be authorized to hire suitable rooms and fit them 
up for the temporary accommodation of such a 
school. Rooms were accordingly procured in 
tlie basement of a church located on Prospect 
Street where the Homoeopathic Medical College 
now stands, and Mr. Freese was elected as prin- 
cipal. The school was commenced July 13, 
1846, with thirty-four pupils. 

The best service Mr. Freese ever rendered the 
city was his labors in organizing and setting in 
operation this high school. To prepare for this 
new work, he was allowed" time to visit Boston, 
where his cousin. Prof. Philbrick, was an emi- 
nent teacher, and other New England cities, in 
order to ascertain the latest and best methods 
of teaching, and profit by the advice of the 
most advanced educators. Conversing with the 
eminent Horace Mann, the latter exhorted him 
in this laconic manner: "Orient yourself, young 
man; Orient yourself; then, to quote David 
Crockett, go ahead." 

In 1854 the office of Superintendent of In- 
struction was created, and to it Mr. Freese was 
at once elected; and he brought to that position 
all the wealth of observation garnered thus far 
in a laborious life, and in due time he had 
evolved beauty from chaos. Utility was the 


ground-work of his successful career as man- 
ager of public schools. As he was strong in 
developing the intellectual faculties of his pu- 
pils, so he was apt and swift in educating the 
teachers nnder him in their work of teachitig. 

He had the superintendency of the city schools 
for ten years, was also County School Examiner 
for nineteen years; and altogether he was en- 
gaged in school work in Cleveland twenty-four 
years. His whole life has been devoted to 
school work. He has visited all the principal 
schools from Bangor, Maine, to San Francisco, 
California. He has visited more schools in this 
country, probably, than any other man living. 
In speaking of Mr. Freese, one of the editors 
of the Cleveland Herald says: " His scholars 
may now be found in almost every State in the 
Union, eminent in all departments. They are 
met with as governors, jui-ists, mechanicians 
and artists." Indeed, it has been remarked that 
were Professor Freese to start for a tour of the 
globe he could be handed around the world 
by his old pupils, scattered everywhere from 
Cleveland to Hong Kong! 

When principal of the high school he re- 
ceived as compensation $500 for forty-four 
weeks' service, and as Superintendent $1,300 a 
year; but a few years ago his salary as teacher 
was $2,500 a year. In 1847 the Western Ee- 
serve University conferred upon him the degree 
of A. M. He has written considerably upon 
educational topics. In politics he is a Repub- 

He was married June 17, 1847, to Miss Eliz- 
alieth Merrill, a teacher in Cleveland, one of 
his assistants in the high school. She was born 
in Haverhill, Xew Hampshire, in 1825, gradu- 
ated at the Brooklyn Academy, an institution 
near Cleveland. Sheliadaline literary culture, 
excelled in mathematics, was a proficient in 
rhetoric, and prominent in Chautauqua circles. 
Her " talks" were always interesting, and she 
was much beloved for her amiable and Christian 
character. She died December 3, 1893, leaving 
but one child, Elmina, now the wife of James 
G. Hobbie, an attorney-at-law. The only child 

in the latter family is Andrew Freese Hobbie a 
promising son. Mrs. Hobbie is a good worker 
in school and church affairs. Her husband, 
thougli educated at Amherst College, cannot 
beat her in reading Greek, having read it with 
her grandfather, Rev. Moses Merrill, famous 
in his day as a Greek scholar and an eloquent 
Methodist preaclier. 

DR. A. F. BALDINGER was born in 
Ravenna, Ohio, in 1865. His father was 
born in Switzerland. Coming to this 

country when a small boy, he was soon thrown 
upon his own resources by the death of both of 
his parents. Ho, like most self-made men, 
developed into a strong, upright man. The 
son has inherited mental and moral strength. 
The father was too honest to make money, there- 
fore the son had the making of his own way in 
life. He was ambitious to be educated. His 
father could not pay school bills for him, so he 
worked and studied until he had saved enough 
to go to Buchtel College, Akron, Ohio, and later 
the Baldwin University, Berea, Ohio, where he 
also commenced to read medicine under the 
preceptorship of Dr. A. M. Erwin. 

Dr. Baldinger came to Cleveland in 1886, 
was a student under Dr. G. J. Jones two years, 
and in the spring of 1889 graduated at the 
Homffiopathic Hospital College. At that time 
he passed a competitive examination and re- 
ceived the appointment to the Good Samaritan 
Dispensary for one year. He then opened an 
office in the Scofield Block, where he remained 
three years. In 1891 he moved to 86 Huron 
street, his present address. 

During these years of general practice Dr. 
Baldinger was a close student, developing into a 
specialist and doing much independent think- 
ing, so that when called to lecture before the 
students of the Homceopathic Hospital College 
he gave some very interesting illustrated lec- 
tures on histology, pathology and bacteriology. 
During the present year he has been promoted 
to a professorship. 


He i6 indefatigable in making researcli, keep- 
ing abreast of the times, and convincing those 
who listen to him that the successful physician 
must always be a student. He has the happy 
faculty of winning tbe confidence of both old 
and young, thus making him one of the leading 
practitioners of the city. His pleasing address, 
courteous manners and scholarly tastes must 
place him in the first rank. 

Dr. Baldinger was married to Miss Carrie 
Haber, of Cleveland, in 1892. 

'Jf^) EV. ROBEET MOTT, pastor of the First 
V^^ German United Evangelical Church, cor- 
II ¥i ner of Erie street and Central avenue, 
V Cleveland, Ohio, was born in Baden, 

Germany, April 13, 1841. 

He is a son of Jacob and Catherine (Muen- 
zer) Mott, natives of Germany. Jacob Mott 
served as quartermaster in the Revolution in 
Baden in 1848. He was one of the Revolution- 
ists, and when the country was subdued he fled 
to Switzerland, and later on to America, land- 
ing here in 1852. He settled on a farm in Erie 
county, Pennsylvania, where he met with pros- 
perity and where he still resides. He and his 
wife were members of the Catholic Church be- 
fore they came to America, l)ut after coming 
here united with the Evangelical Association. 
Mrs. Mott was born in 1815 and died in 1883. 
Mr. Mott is now in his eighty-fourth year. 
Their family of four children are as follows: 
Daniel, a blacksmith, who resides near his father; 
Robert, the subject of this sketch; Josephine, 
wife of Allen Sturgeon, a farmer of Erie county, 
Pennsylvania; and Emma, wife of Albert F. 
Dobler, owner of the famous " Dobler Farm" 
in Erie county. This farm is second to none in 
western Pennsylvania. 

Robert Mott was educated in Germany, a 
Catholic, and had the advantages accorded to 
those destined for the priesthood. He com- 
pleted his studies in Germany and came to 
America in 1859, settling in Erie county, Penn- 

sylvania. Subsequently he studied the English 
language in an academical school there. He 
was received into the Pittsburg Conference of 
the Evangelical Association in 1861, and began 
his ministry in Cleveland, Ohio, remaining here 
one year. Then he preached in Pittsburg and 
Allegheny nine years; in Warren, Pennsylvania, 
four j'ears. Returning to Cleveland, he became 
assistant editor of The Christliche Botschafter, 
which position he filled four years; and for the 
past ten years he has been assistant editor of 
the German Sunday-school literature of the 
Evangelical Association. He has had charge 
of an independent Ev^angelical Church for over 
five years. 

Some years ago one of his charges was in the 
coal regions of Pennsylvania, and while there 
he received a notice to leave town within twenty- 
four hours, the notice containing a skull and 
crossbones. This was in the Molly-McGuire 
times of that locality. Be it said he did not 
leave. The papers, the mayor of the city and 
the best element of the locality were on his 
side; yet those were days that tried men's souls. 

In 1882 Mr. Mott returned to Europe and 
spent three months' vacation there. While on 
his way back, August 8, 1882, the vessel in 
which he sailed — the Moselle — was shipwrecked 
off Lizard Point, at Land's End, and went to 
the bottom. The passengers and crew were all 
saved by the efficient service of the life-saving 
station. The vessel struck a rock in the fog at 
8 o'clock in the morning, they were taken back 
to Falmouth by a coast vessel at 5 o'clock in 
the evening, and from there were sent back to 
Southampton, where two weeks later they sailed 
again for America. 

Mr. Mott was married in October, 1864, to 
Miss E. E. Gensheimer, daughter of Joseph and 
Mollie Gensheimer, of Erie county, Pennsylva- 
nia. They have two daughters, Josephine and 
Lottie. Miss Josephine is a popular and suc- 
cessful teacher in Cleveland, and is a writer of 
some note. During her recent absence in 
Europe she frequently wrote for the papers 
published by the Evangelical Church at Cleve- 



land. Miss Lottie is attending the Cleveland 
high school. The family are all members of 
Evangelical Chnrch. 

Although the silver threads are lining his 
shockj hair, and he has passed his fiftieth mile- 
stone, Mr. Mott still enjoys the strength and 
vigor of youth. He is of imposing physique 
and possesses a great amount of natural magnet- 
ism. He has the faculty of always seeing the 
bright side of things and enjoying the happy 
side of life. 

As a writer he wields a fluent pen, and lias 
made a success of his editorial work. He is a 
close observer, and his editorials on the ques- 
tions of the day are keen and sharp, interspersed 
with commendation or sarcasm, either of which 
he applies in such a graceful manner that even 
those who are hit recognize it as a genial tap of 

As a preacher he has been successful in build- 
ing up congregations, building churches and 
paying for them as he built them, which reflects 
great credit on him as a financial manager. 

D. CHAMPLIK, A. B., M. D., phy- 
sician and specialist, located at No. 455 
41 Clark avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, holds 
rank with the leading members of his 
profession in this city. 

Dr. Champlin was born at Grand Gulf, Mis- 
sissippi, November 19, 1853, seventh in a fam- 
ily of ten children, of whom he and his sister 
Grace are the only ones now living. His par- 
ents, Joseph W. and Harriet M. Champlin, 
natives of New York State, removed from there 
to Mississippi in 1838, and for many years his 
father was engaged in the mercantile business 
in Grand Gulf, Mississippi, having the largest 
store in the country and doing an annual busi- 
ness of $500,000, up to the time of the war, 
1861. They came to Cleveland in 1889, and 
have since made their home in this city. 

The subject of our sketch received a high- 
school education at New Orleans, taking the 

degree of A. B., and his medical education in 
Cleveland. He graduated in the old Cleveland 
Homeopathic Hospital in the class of 1882. 
Previous to his graduation he practiced in Co- 
lumbus, Ohio. Afterward he located in Cleve- 
land, and here his professional efforts have been 
attended with success, his specialty being ner- 
vous diseases. He was lecturer on hygiene in 
the Cleveland Medical College for one year, one 
year on microscopy, and one year on nervous 
diseases. Having resigned the chair of Ner- 
vous Diseases in the Cleveland Medical College, 
he was tendered the same chair in the Cleveland 
University of Medicine and Surgery and made 
professor of Nervous Diseases, which chair he 
now fills. 

Dr. Champlin was married in 1881, to Miss 
Helen L. Kent, M. D., daughter of Arad Kent, 
of Akron, Ohio, one of its most prominent citi- 
zens, who was Sheriff two terms and Mayor two 
terms. They have an adopted daughter, Jessie 
by name. The Doctor's parents belong to the 
Episcopal Church in the South, while he and 
his wife are members of the Pilgrim Congrega- 
tional Church of Cleveland. 

He is independent in his political views, and, 
indeed, gives little attention to political issues, 
his whole time and attention being absorbed in 
his profession. That his abilities have been 
recognized and appreciated is demonstrated by 
his long connection with the college of which he 
is a graduate. He and liis estimable wife hold 
a high place in the esteem of tlieir many friends 
in this city, they being alike popular in church 
and social circles. 

B. SPRIGGS, the general freight agent 
of the New York, Chicago & St. Louis 


\^ Railroad Company, was born in Rocking- 
ham, England, in November, 1834. His 
parents were Avery Burdett and Dinah Spriggs, 
who had two children, both being sons. 

The subject of this sketch, after receiving a 
liberal education, was early in life called into 


railroad service. The outline of his career is 
an interesting one, showing a steady rise from 
the lowest to the highest position in the freight 
department. At the age of eighteen he entered 
the service of the London & Noi-thwestern Rail- 
way as junior clerk in the freight department 
in Rockingham. After a year's service in that 
position he was made corresponding clerk at 
Stafford Station. Two years of this work was 
suflicient to show his employers that he had the 
right stuff in him, and he was made correspond- 
ing clerk and chief accountant at Wolverhamp- 
ton. In 1858 he was further promoted to the 
chief clerkship of the district goods manager's 
office, remaining in that position until 1862, 
when he accepted, by direct invitation from the 
management in Canada, the position of freight 
agent at Hamilton, Ontario, on the Great West- 
ern Railway of Canada. From 1862 untill870 
his career was a series of steadily ascending 
steps, being promoted from the position of 
freight agent at Hamilton to that of through 
freight agent, and finally general freight agent, 
leaving the service on a change of management. 
From 1871 to 1877 he was assistant general 
freight agent of the Baltimore & Ohio system, 
and developed the business of the Chicago divis- 
ion of that road from its opening in 1874. But 
in 1877, on the retiring of the management 
whose regime he had left in 1870, Mr. Spriggs 
returned to the Great Western Railway as gen- 
eral traffic manager, with headquarters at Ham- 
ilton, Ontario. In the summer of 1882, the 
Great Western and Grand Trunk being then 
about to amalgamate, the executive officers of 
the Nickel Plate began casting about for a man 
who could develop and successfully manage the 
freight department of the new road so that the 
rival Vanderbilt lines might be fully cognizant 
of the Nickel Plate's existence, Mr. Spriggs 
was the man chosen for this great work, and in 
August, 1882, he accepted the position, which 
he has satisfactorily held, up to date. 

Quiet, genial, good-humored, never in a hurry 
or flustered, he nevertheless manages to capture 
a full share of business, despite the heavy handi- 

cap placed upon the Nickel Plate by the older 
lines. In the Central Traffic Association, Mr. 
Spriggs is a leading spirit, being on the follow- 
ing standing committees of the freight commit- 
tee: Rules and regulations; live stock; pack- 
ing-houpe products; grain and grain products; 
oil; paving brick; fire-brick clay and moulding 
sand; lime; relations with western roads; rela- 
tions with trunk lines; East-bound percentage 
basis; and lake and rail differentials, being 
chairman of the last named committe. At the 
last meeting of the executive board of the Lack- 
awanna fast freight line Mr. Spriggs was elected 
its chairman for the tenth consecutive year. In 
his official capacity he travels a great deal, aver- 
aging about 25,000 miles a year, and in a recent 
year traveled as much as 32,000 miles. 

Mr. Spriggs is not only one of the most 
thoroughly informed men in the country on 
railway matters, but also possesses literary abil- 
ity of a high order. He is a delightful enter- 
tainer, both with material hospitality and a 
never failing supply of ready wit and humor, 
and has an accumulated fund of information, 
gained by years of extensive travel, varied read- 
ing and keen observation. He is a firm believer 
in and advocate of civil service in railway ad- 
ministration, and many men holding advanced 
positions to-day thank Mr. Spriggs for a friendly 
lift on the road to success. 

'ipTl) E. SKEEL, M. D., a practicing physi- 
Y^^ cian with an office on Pearl, street, this 
11 »i city, was born February 9, 18(59, in the 
v city of New York. His father, F. 

A. Skeel, of this city, is a builder by trade. 

When Dr. Skeel was in his youth his parents 
removed to the city of Cleveland, and in the 
schools of this city Dr. Skeel received his liter- 
ary education, and he completed his scholastic 
training here in 1S85. He immediately took 
up the study of medicine, at Ann Arbor, Mich- 
igan, where he graduated in 1890. At college, 
he gave special attention to obstetrics, and in 



bis practice he has been deservingly successful 
as an obstetrician, and as a general practitioner 
he holds a very appropriate rank in his profes- 

He was married July 12, 1893, to Alva Boep- 
ple, of this city. He is a member of the Cuy- 
alioga County, Ohio State, and Cleveland Med- 
ical Societies, and has contributed articles to 
medical journals. 


orable Amos Townsend, ex-Member of 


11 4j Congress from the Cleveland District, 
^ occupies a prominent place among that 

city's representative business men and citizens. 

He was born near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, in 
1831. His ancestors were in the main farmers 
by vocation, and those on his mother's side were 
distinguished in the American Revolution. 
Aaron Townsend, his father, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and his ancestors were Quakers who 
settled at Germantown, Pennsylvania, when 
they first came to America, during the time of 
William Penn. 

Mr. Amos Townsend was given a liberal edu- 
cation, and at the age of fifteen years, after leav- 
ing school, began life for himself by taking a 
position as clerk in a store at Brownsville, in 
his native State. Here he remained during four 
years, and then came to Mansfield, Ohio, where 
he formed a partnership with N. B. Hogg, and 
under the firm name of A. Townsend & Com- 
pany engaged in general merchandising. 

During the trouble in Kansas, Congress ap- 
pointed a committee to investigate and make 
report on the condition of affairs in that Terri- 
tory, and the Hon. John Sherman secured 
the appointment of Mr. Townsend as Marshal 
of the Committee, and with the same he visited 
Kansas. The position was fraught with delicate 
duties and responsibilities, but he performed 
them in such a manner as to merit the approval 
of the contending factions. 

In 1858 Mr. Townsend removed to Cleveland 
and took a position as salesman in the wholesale 

grocery house of Gordon, McMillan & Company, 
where he remained until 1862, when he be- 
came a member of the firm of Edward, Iddings 
& Company, which was engaged in the same 
business. The following year the death of Mr. 
Iddings occurred, and the firm became that of 
Edwards, Townsend & Company. This firm 
underwent changes in its personnel a few years 
later, and in 1887 the name of it became that of 
William Edwards & Company, Mr. Townsend 
retaining his interest in it, and is at present one 
of the senior members. The firm of William 
Edwards & Company is one of the largest whole- 
sale grocery houses in the West, its history hav- 
ing been one of uniform progress and succ3ss. 
Mr. Townsend's other business interests are va- 
ried and important. He is a member of the 
board of directors of the Mercantile Bank and 
the Citizens' Savings and Loan Association, two 
of Cleveland's well known financial institutions. 
Mr. Townsend's political career began in the 
spring of IStio, when he was elected on the Re- 
publican ticket to a seat in the City Council of 
Cleveland, a position to which he was re elected 
five consecutive terms, making a service of ten 
years continuously, seven of which he was Pres- 
ident of that body. He was a member of the 
Ohio Constitiitional Convention in 1873, whei-e 
he served with credit, and in October, 1876, he 
was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth 
Congress from the Cleveland District, which at 
that time included all of Cuyahoga county, giv- 
ing him a constituency of a quarter of a million 
of people. During that session of Congress he 
was a member of several important committees, 
and introduced a number of bills which became 
laws largely through his efforts. His services 
as a member of Congress were indorsed in 1878 
and 1880 by re-election by largely increased 
majorities. In the Forty-fifth Congress, as a 
member of the committee on Post Offices and 
Post Roads, he introduced a bill regulating the 
postal railway mail service, fixing the salaries 
and defining the duties of clerks, and also intro- 
duced another and similar bill in relation to the 
letter carriers, both of which became laws, a'ld 


their provisions are substantially the law on those 
subjects at the present time. Daring his terms 
he served as a member of the committee on 
Commerce, and also as chairman of the com- 
mittee on Railroads and Canals. 

In behalf of appropriations for his district he 
was most tireless and uniformly successful. He 
secured continuous liberal appropriations for the 
Cleveland breakwater and harbor, and for the 
enlargement and improvement of the Govern- 
ment buildings at Cleveland, and for the im- 
pi'oveinent of the public service of this district. 
In the Forty-sixth Congress a very able report 
adverse to the bridging of the Detroit river was 
made by Mr. Townsend, which was a most im- 
portant document, and which defeated the meas- 
ure, and to him is navigation greatly indebted 
for the present freedom of that great water 
highway from obstruction. He presented a 
bill from the committee on Commerce on the 
Life-Saving Service, which was passed, and also 
introduced two bills on Inter-State Commerce, 
and one on Merchant Marine. He introduced and 
secured the passage of the ''Steamboat Bill," a 
measure modifying the general law governing 
the bridging of the Ohio river, and presented an 
adverse report on the building of the Hennepin 
canal, also contributing largely to the defeat of 
that proposed measure. He was a warm friend 
of the Union Veterans, and many of them are 
now enjoying pensions which he labored zeal- 
ously to secure, many of which were special acts 
of Congress. 

Mr. Townsend was known in Congress as a 
"working member." Early and late he was to 
be found at his desk on the floor or in the com- 
mittee room, and his capacity for work was fre- 
quently a suljject of remark among the mem- 
bers. His reports and speeches were prepared 
with much care and labor, and were always in- 
telligent and to the point, exhibiting a thorough 
knowledge of the subject in hand. They were 
uniformly received with high favor by the ablest 
members, and were given wide circulation. 

In the fall of 1882 Mr. Townsend was ur- 
gently solicited to stand for re-nomination and 

re-election, and although success was almost if 
not quite a foregone conclusion, he declined, 
setting forth his reasons for so doing in an able 
public letter. 

Mr. Townsend is a polished, scholarly gentle- 
man, of good personal appearance, and easy of 
approach. He is possessed of strong convictions, 
clear foresight and keen and unerring judgment, 
and is a thorough business man. He is warm- 
hearted and generous, a fine conversationalist, 
and a most pleasant and agreeable companion. 
He has a wide circle of friends and business 
acquaintances, and is highly esteemed both as a 
man and citizen. As a member of Cleveland's 
Park Commission, a position he holds at the 
present time, he has given ample evidence of 
his progressiveness in the matter of improving 
and beautifying the Forest City and perpetuat- 
ing her claim to being one of the most beautiful 
cities in the Union. He is a member of the 
Union Club, and of Webb Chapter and Oriental 
Commandery of the Masonic order. 

DR. GEORGE F. LEICK, the jovial 
I Health Officer of the (Jity of Cleveland, 
— ' was born in this city, March 9, 1856. 
His primary and preparatory education was ob- 
tained in the grammar and high schools. At 
sixteen years of age he went abroad to Switzer- 
land and entered the Polytechnic School at 
Zurich, and when properly prepared entered the 
University of Zurich, completing his four-years 
course and graduating in 1877. Upon return 
to Cleveland the Doctor engaged in business 
with the American Wood Preserving Company, 
being superintendent and treasurer of the com- 
pany. After two years he severed his couec- 
tion with this concern and executed a pre-ar- 
ranged plan by entering the Western Reserve 
Medical College, where hegraduated in 1885, and 
he afterward took a post-graduate course in New 
York city, being connected with the hospital 
service of the surgical department of the Ger- 
man Dispensary, and attending lectures at dif- 


ferent colleges. His first experience as a prac- 
ticing physician was in New York city, where 
lie opened an office and remained a year and 
a half. 

Upon his return to Cleveland he opened an 
office in this city, and has since been actively 
engaged in tlie practice of his profession. He 
is a member of the County, Cleveland and Ohio 
State Medical Societies. 

For three years Dr. Leick was demonstrator 
of anatomy and lecturer on chemistry in the 
Western Reserve Medical College. For seven 
years he was visiting surgeon for St. Alexis' 
Flospital, and the past year he has been a mem- 
ber of the staff as consulting surgeon. 

Dr. Leick has for many years been an active 
worker in behalf of the Democracy in Cuya- 
hoga county, serving on the city and county ex- 
ecutive committees. He was appointed to his 
present office by Director of Police Poilner in 
the spring of 1893, entering upon the duties of 
his office in May. He was one of the incorpo- 
rators of the German American Bank and was 
a director, is president of the Cremation Society 
of Cleveland, president of the United German 
Societies, and is a life member of Corps Tigur- 
inia, of Zurich, Switzerland. 

Dr. Leick is a son of George and Christine 
(Hege) Leick, born in the Palatinate, Germany, 
in 1827 and 1833, respectively. The father 
came to Cleveland in 1849, being a political 
refugee, and died December 21, 1884- He had 
two sons, — Dr. Leick (still unmarried) and 
William S. 

RCHIBALD McLAREN, who is at this 
date Deputy Collector of Internal Reve- 
nue, and who is president of the Stand- 
ard Wire & Iron Company, has been a 
resident of the city of Cleveland since 1880. 
Scotland is his native land. He was born there 
in 1845, s son of James and Janet McLaren. 
He lived in Scotland until thirteen years of 
age, and was educated at Oxford University, 

England. At the age of twenty years he came 
to this country and soon thereafter became aa 
employe of the Atlantic & Great Western and 
later of tlie New York, Pennsylvania &, Ohio 
Railroad, with which latter company he re- 
mained as an employe for a period of twenty- 
three years. He was then appointed to the 
position of Deputy Internal Revenue Collector. 
He has always been an active member of the 
Republican party and for ten years he was 
treasurer of the county central committee. 

He was married in Pennsylvania to Miss 
Jennie E. Sergeant, by whom he has a family of 
four children living, viz.: Wallace, Guy, Archie 
and Charles. 

Mr. McLaren is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and is Past Grand Regent of. the 
Royal Arcanum, of Ohio. He was Supreme 
Representative of the order of Knights of 
Honor, and for nine years he served as Royal 
Treasurer of the order of Scottish Clans of 
America and Canada, and is still Treasurer. 
He is very prominently identified with all the 
Scottish societies. 

'\ UGUST BECKER, manager of the Ger- 
l\ man Publishing House of the Reformed 
^ Church of the United States, was born 
in Germany, February 13, 1841, a son of 
A. and Amelia Becker. The father dying in 
Germany, the mother came to this country with 
her only son, Mr. Becker of this sketch. Of 
his two sisters one remains in Germany, and 
the other, Amelia, was the wife of Rev. Kluge, 
who was sent as a missionary to Wisconsin in 
1856, and at that time they and Mr. Becker, 
our subject, came to America, settling at New- 
ton, Wisconsin. Mrs. Becker died in 1861, 
aged fifty-six years. 

Mr. August Becker, whose name introduces 
this brief memoir, completed his .school life in 
a seminary of the Reformed Church near 
Franklin, Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, taught 
school three or four years, and in 1871, in 


Milwaukee, lie was ordained a minister. His 
first charge was at "Waukegan, Illinois, eight 
years; next, at New Berlin, Waukesha county, 
Wisconsin, two years; Waukegan, Illinois, 
again for two years; and then, in 1882, he 
came to Cleveland and took his present posi- 
tion. The office in 1882 was at 991 Scranton 
avenue, and in 1890 it was removed to its 
present locality, 1134-1138 Pearl street; but 
the publishing concern is of long standing. The 
publisliing house has thirty-two persons on its 
pay-roll, and publishes several papers, besides 
doing all classes of job work. 

Mr. Becker's life has been a busy and event- 
ful one. He has done great good in the church 
of his choice, in the various positions he has 
been called to fill. For many years he has been 
able to give the establishment of which he is 
manager his personal attention, and he has ever 
proved himself to be the right man in the right 
place, in every way a worthy citizen, — such as 
gives character to any business in which he 
might engage. 

Mr. Becker was married in 1866, to Miss 
Augusta Ballhorn, a daughter of John Ball- 
horn, of Wisconsin, and they have one child, 
Henry, who is at present a physician of Charity 
Hospital, Cleveland. He graduated in the 
medical department of the Western Reserve 
University. Mrs. Becker and her son Henry 
also are members of the Reformed Church of 
the United States. 

][fOX. DAVID A. DANGLER. — A man 
who, most conspicuously identified with 

il the industrial life of the Forest City, 
enjoying a marked esteem and popular- 
ity, has been honored with such high prefer- 
ments as stand in evidence of his ability and 
unblemished character, must certainly be 
designated as a representative citizen of Cleve- 
land, and as such be accorded due attention in 
a comparative way in a volume whose province 
is defined as touching the biographical history 
of Cuyahoga county. David A. Dangler, presi- 

dent of the Dangler Stove & Manufacturing 
Company, is a native of the old Keystone State, 
having been born in Lebanon county, Pennsy- 
lvania, December, 1826, the son and one of the 
seven children of Samuel and Sarah Dangler, 
honored and esteemed residents of their com- 
munity, where they passed long and useful lives. 
The former was of German, the latter of Welsh, 
extraction. The father participated actively in 
the war of 1812. 

When quite young our subject came with his 
parents to Stark county, Ohio, and upon the 
parental farmstead he passed his boyhood days, 
learning those lessons of sturdy integrity and 
self-reliance which have been such significant 
factors in insuring his success in life. He 
received a good common-school education, and 
at the age of fifteen years, entered the general 
country store of Isaac Harter, at Canton, Ohio, 
where he served as a clerk for some time. In 
1842, he located at Massillon, Ohio, and in 
1853 came to Cleveland, where he entered into 
partnership with John Tennis, in the hardware 
business. At the outbreak of the late war of 
the Rebellion he became identified with the 
Quartermaster's Department, in which he served 
until the end of that memorable struggle. 

In 1864 he was elected to the Cleveland City 
Council by the Republicans of the Fourth Ward, 
and in 1865 he was elected as a representative 
in the lower house of the State Legislature. 
This position he filled with much ability and 
to the satisfaction of his constituents, as is 
manifest from the fact that upon the expiration 
of his terra in the house he was elected to the 
State Senate, becoming one of the leaders and 
most prominent members of that body and 
accomplishing much for the good of the people 
of the State. Since leaving the Senate Mr. 
Dangler has ever maintained a lively interest in 
political issues, and has contributed much aid to 
his party, lending his influence to the ads-ance- 
ment of public measures and improvements. 

As a business man he occupies a distinguished 
position among the many able men identified 
with the city's growth and stable prosperity 


along commercial and industrial lines. He has 
been connected with several veiy iinjtortant 
local enterprises whose field of operations has 
far transcended the local limitations. Among 
these may be mentioned the Dangler Vapor 
Stove & Manufacturing Company, of which he 
is president; the Standard Carbon Company and 
the Domestic Manufacturing Company, of both 
of which latter concerns he was chosen presi- 
dent. He held for the past seven years the 
presidency of the Vapor Stove Association, and 
at the present time is president of the Elwood 
Steel Company and of the First National Bank 
of Elwood. That these important associations 
have placed heavy responsibilities upon tlie 
hands of our subject is prima facie, but such is 
the breadth of his intellectuality, his execu- 
tive ability and his comprehensive grasp upon 
multitudinous details that he has been enabled 
to avert the flagging of any enterprise which 
has been conducted under his direction or with 
which he has been concerned. 

Among the manifold industries of the Forest 
City there is perhaps not one that has had more 
pertinent bearing as contributing to the comfort 
and convenience of the public at large, and not 
one that has been more ably and successfully 
conducted than that of the Dangler Stove & 
Manufacturing Company, whose famous Dangler 
vapor and gas stoves and ranges have practically 
superseded all other designs in public favor and 
utilization, as combining in a maximum degree 
the elements of safety, economy, cleanliness, 
efficiency and incidental comfort to the busy 
housewife. The enormous development of the 
lousiness of the company stands as the most 
effective voucher for the superiority of the prod- 
ucts of its factories. The enterprise was estab- 
lished in 1880, by the Dangler Vapor Stove & 
Refining Company, and in 188G the important 
interests involved were brought under the most 
efi'ective control and direction by the organiza- 
tion and incorporation of the present company, 
with a paid up capital stock of $100,000. 

Subsequently, in order to keep pace with the 
constantly increasing demands placed upon 

them by the rapid extension of the business, the 
company increased their manufacturing facilities 
and erected, in 1890, a plant which is one of 
the largest and most thoroughly equipped of the 
sort in the world. The exigencies of the busi- 
ness necessitate the constant retaining of a corps 
of 300 skilled operatives. The executive direc- 
tion of the magnificent enterprise is in the 
hands of our subject and his two sons, as as- 
sociated in a corporation, with the first named 
as president. 

Hon. David A. Dangler enjoys a distinctive 
popularity in the social circles of the city with 
whose interests he has so long been identified. 
In his fraternal relations we note that he is a 
member of the Masonic order and also of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Dangler was married in 1847 to Miss 
Judith Clark, daughter of James H. Clark, a 
prominent resident of Massillon. They have 
two sons and one daughter. Charles J. is vice- 
president of the Dangler Stove & Manufactur- 
ing Company; and the second son, D. Edward, 
is secretary and treasurer of the same corpora- 

EV. HENRY MATTILL, junior agent 
of the Publishing House of the Evan- 
gelical Association, Nos. 265 to 275 
Woodland avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, was 
born in Ripley county, Indiana, March 2, 1849. 
His parents are Andrew and Barbara (Planalp) 
Mattill, natives respectively of Palatine on the 
Rhine and of Switzerland, the father born in 
1818, and the mother in 1825. They were 
married in Indiana in 1846. Andrew Mattill 
came to this country in 1829, with his parents, 
their first location being in New York city. 
Subsequently they removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, 
where for several years he woi-ked at the trade 
of cooper. Their next move was to Ripley 
county, Indiana, and their settlement was on a 
pioneer farm, their nearest post office being Cin- 
cinnati. That was in 1838. He had the first 



contract for bridge timber awarded to him by 
the railroad company which built the railroad 
from Cincinnati to Indianapolis — now a part 
of the Big Four system. He also sold cord 
wood, at seventy-five cents per cord, to the same 
company. From Eipley county, Indiana, Mr. 
Mattill and his family removed, in 1858, to 
Iowa, and from there in 1866 to Denver, Mis- 
souri, where he and his wife are still living. 
He has been engaged in farming all this time, 
with the exception of four years spent in the 
milling business. ' That was immediately after 
his removal to Missouri. They have had seven 
children, only two of whom are now living. 
The others, excepting Peter, the youngest, who 
died at the age of twenty years, all passed away 
in early life. Those living are our subject and 
Andrew, the latter being a resident of Falls 
City, Nebraska, and married to Lizzie Hess, of 
Denver, Missouri. 

Henry Mattill received his early education in 
the public schools and has all his life been an 
earnest student. When a young man he taught 
school in Kansas, and later was professor of Ger- 
man literature in Lewis College, Glasgow, Mis- 
souri, three years, during which time he brought 
the department up to a place where it more than 
paid expenses. Prof. H. C. Pritchett, of St. 
Louis, Missouri and H. Tillman, Chief Engi- 
neer of the Great Northern Kailroad, were 
among his pupils. Mr. Mattill was in the min- 
istry at the time, and was elected Presiding 
Elder in his Conference, — Kansas Conference of 
the Evangelical Association, — which necessi- 
tated his resignation in the college. He was 
Presiding Elder from 1875 to 1887, when he 
was elected by the General Conference of the 
Evangelical Association to his present position, 
which he has filled with great acceptability ever 
since, he having been re-elected in 1891. He 
did pioneer work for four years on the frontier 
settlements in Kansas, and is familiar with 
every phase of border life, his work frequently 
taking him among Indian camps and where 
cowboys were the chief inhabitants. For four 
years, he was a trustee of the Northwestern Col- 

lege and Biblical Institute at Naperville, Illi- 
nois. During this time, the school passed 
through a severe crisis, in which its existence 
was actually in danger. By an amendment to 
the incorporated laws of the State of Illinois for 
educational institutions, the school was not 
only passed on a safe basis but in excellent 
condition. This legislation proved as beneficial 
to other educational institutes of the State 
which were supported by a large constituency 
and depending on the State of Illinois. In these 
matters, Mr. Mattill was not only deeply inter- 
ested, but took an active part, and by his posi- 
tive and decided position and influence added 
much in bringing about hapjjy results. 

Mr. Mattill was married, June 18, 1874, to 
Miss Emma Fryhofer, daughter of Jacob and 
Susannah Fryhofer, of Eandolj)h, Kansas. 
Her parents were among the original twelve 
German Methodists of Indiana, and her father 
is still living at Randolph, having attained his 
eighty-eighth year. Her mother long since 
passed away. They had eight children, namely: 
Jacob, deceased; John; Susan, wife of Theodore 
Hanning; Mary, wife of Elrich Schoeder; Kev. 
Wesley, a minister of the Central German Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal Church; 
Henry, who died of typhoid fever while in the 
Union army; William, an ex-member of the 
Kansas Legislature; and Mrs. Mattill. Mr. 
and Mrs. Mattill have an only child, Henry A., 
a pupil in the Cleveland Public Schools. Mrs. 
Mattill is a graduate of the Agricultural Col- 
lege at Manhattan, Kansas, and has been a 
teacher in the public schools for several years. 

Of Mr. Mattill, we further state that he is 
one of the self-made men. He is a little above 
medium height, with broad shoulders and full 
chest showing unusual vitality and powers of 
endurance. He has a large and finely shaped 
head, indicating an endowment of mental power 
and energy above that which falls to the com- 
mon lot of mortals. His face bears the impress 
of a wide-awake mind and of a firm resolution 
in the carrying out of a purpose, mixed with a 
disposition of kindness and benes'olence. 


Mr. Mattill is an able preacher. His ser- 
mons show careful preparation, and are delivered 
with a great deal of feeling, energy and pur- 
pose. He has the faculty of securing the atten- 
tion and sympathy of a congregation in the be- 
ginning of a discourse, and of holding it to the 
end. Whenever the people hear him preach 
they are anxious to hear hira again. 

His administrative aliilities are of a high 
order. This he has shown in his work in the 
positions of pastor and Presiding Elder, as a 
member of the Board of Trustees of the North- 
western College during the trying times of the 
history of that institution, as a member of im- 
portant committees of General Conference, and 
as one of the agents of the Publishing House 
with which he has been connected since 1887. 

The last few years of the life of Rev. Martin 
Lauer, senior publisher, the greater part of the 
work of overseeing and managing the affairs of 
the Publishing House devolved upon Mr. Mat- 
till, on account of the frequent illness of his 
colleague. He showed himself equal to the 
occasion, managing affairs with tact and energy. 

One of the results of the connection of 
Mr. Mattill with the Evangelical Publishing 
House is the introduction of new and improved 
machinery, enabling the house to do better 
work as well as to secure enlarged profits upon 
the work done. His knowledge of machinery 
and his skill at invention are especially seen in 
the very practical and highly satisfactory gath- 
ering machine now in use in the book bindery, 
of which he is the inventor. 

FM. SPENCER, vice president of the 
Cleveland National Bank, and one of the 
best known financiers of the Forest City, 
is a worthy representative of that cele- 
brated Spencer family numbered among the 
Pilgrim Fathers aboard the Mayflower, and 
whose landing at Plymouth Rock was the 
initial stroke in the establishment of American 
settlements and civilization. A history of the 

offspring of this family would present an array 
of progressive business men representing vari- 
ous callings and challenging all America to 
produce its superior. 

The genealogy of this family will l^egin with 
Phineas Spencer, a sou of the " Empire State," 
born near Albany in 1773. His civil life was 
spent in agricultural pursuits. He emigrated 
to Washington county. New York, about the 
year 1800, and when England made war on us 
for the second time he was commissioned a 
Captain in the army and served through the 
struggle. Phineas Spencer married Elsie I'arns- 
worth, a descendant of the Holland Dutch, and 
they had four sons and eight daughters. 

Lyman M. Spencer, the oldest son, and father 
of P. M., was born in Washington county, in 
1805, was commissioned a Captain of volun- 
teers for service rendered in the Mexican war, 
emigrated to Ohio in 1868, locating in Portage 
county, and died at Ravenna, in March, 1873. 
He married Phebe, a daughter of James and 
Phebe (Jenkins) Kingsley. Her grandmother 
was a Luther, a direct descendant of the great 
religious reformer, Martin Luther. Mrs. Spen- 
cer's death occurred at Ravenna on August 12, 
1886. Lyman M. Spencer and wife had the 
following children: The late A. K. Spencer, 
Mrs. J. C. Prentice of Ravenna, C. F. Spencer 
and Mrs. C. E. Poe of this city. 

P. M. Spencer was born on a farm in Fort 
Ann, AVashington county, New York, March 1, 
1844. He secured a fair intellectual training 
from the district schools, and from an academy, 
excelling as a student. The breaking out of 
the Civil war gave him an opportunity to be- 
come not only a student of events, but also an 
actual participant in them. August 11, 1862, 
he enlisted, at Fort Ann, in Company D, One 
Hundred and Twenty-third New York Infan- 
try, as a private. He was sworn in on Septem- 
ber 4th, and was ordered to Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, where another order soon 
placed him with his regiment in front of the 
Confederates at South Mountain and Antietam, 
which was followed by the bloody battles of 


Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettys- 
burg. Mr. Spencer contracted a fever while 
in the service and after a long siege in the hos- 
pital was taken home on leave of absence. ]^ot 
becoming able to rejoin his regiment and endure 
the hardships incident to heavy campaigning, 
he was mustered out of service in Xuvember, 
1863, by a special order of E. M. Stanton, then 
Secretary of War. 

Mr. Spencer came to Cleveland as soon as his 
health was restored and entered the First Na- 
tional Bank as otEce boy. He rose rapidly by 
promotion through the various minor positions, 
becoming assistant cashier of the institution, 
which position he filled most acceptably for 
ten years. At this time Mr. Spencer con- 
ceived the idea of organizing a new bank, and 
he was instrumental in bringing into existence 
the Cleveland National Bank, which was char- 
tered on May 20, 1883, and opened its doors 
for business on the 28th of that month. He 
was made a member of the board of directors of 
the new institution, and was by the board ap- 
pointed to the responsible position of cashier 
and active manager, resigning his position with 
the First National to accept the same. In May, 
1892, he resigned the position as cashier and 
was elected vice president of the bank; and the 
success of this bank is due in a large measure 
to his marked financial ability, keen foresight 
and unerring judgment. His dealings with 
the bank's customers have always been unchal- 
lenged for fairness and squareness, and have 
created for the institution an enviable reputa- 
tion as a solid and safe banking house. His 
rapid advancement from the position of cashier 
to that of vice president was a just recognition 
by the directory of his superior fitness for the 
guidance of this progressive and popular con- 
cern. Among tlie financiers of Cleveland he 
long ago secured recognition as a man of fine 
ability, possessing those progressive ideas and 
that enterprising spirit that were doing much 
for the banking interests of Cleveland. 

For five terms Mr. Spencer was a member of 
the City Council of Cleveland, having been 

elected in 1877 and again in 1882, serving on 
most important committees and rendering val- 
uable service to the city. In politics he is a 
Republican, and was Chairman of the Republi- 
can Congressional Committee and also of the 
City Central Committee, for a number of years. 

January 30, 1873, he married Harriet E., a 
daughter of James Pannell, who came to Cleve- 
land from Herkimer county, New York, in 
1831. In early life Mr. Pannell was a con- 
tractor and builder, but in later life a banker, 
and at his death vice president of the Cleveland 
National Bank of Cleveland. His wife was 
Miss Amelia Newell of Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts. Mr. Pannell died in December, 1888, 
and his wife in August, 1890. Mr. and Mrs. 
Spencer are the parents of one child, Clara 
Louis, aged seventeen. 

Mr. Spencer is an affable, agreeable gentle- 
man, contributing to all worthy objects and en- 
terprises, true to his friends, and a pillar of 
strength in sustaining the credit and reputa- 
tion of his city. Fraternally, Mr. Spencer is a 
thirty-second-degree Mason, and a member of 
the Army and Navy Post, G. A. R. He is 
also a trustee of the Homeopathic Medical Col- 

JOSEPH F. HOBSON, M. D., who occu- 
pies a position of unmistakable prominence 
among the disciples of Esculapius in the 
city of Cleveland, has his headquarters at No. 
429 Prospect street. He was born in Belmont 
county, Ohio, August 30, 1861, a son of 
Stephen and Margaret (Bailey) Hobson, both of 
whom were natives of the Buckeye State. The 
father was a well known merchant in Flushing, 
Belmont county, for more than three decades, 
and was honored and esteemed by all as a most 
able business man and excellent citizen. He 
was favorably known throughout Belmont and 
contiguous counties and was prominently con- 
cerned in all measures that looked to the con- 
servation of the best interests of the community 


and the furtlierauce of its legitimate progress. 
Hin life was one of activity and usefulness, 
while his nature was one swayed by noble im- 
pulses. He wae a member of the Society of 
Friends, a man of quick sympathies, broad in- 
telligence and notable intellectuality. He 
completed liis education at Mount Pleasant 
Academy, in Jefferson county, Ohio. He died 
in 1887, attlieageof fifty-seven years; his wife, 
who survives liim, is also a zealous and devoted 
member of the Society of Friends. 

The subject of this review is the third in a 
family of six children, of whom four are living, 
all residing in their native town save him to 
whom attention is here directed. Dr. Hobson 
received his literary training at the Friends' 
school, at Barnesvilie, Ohio, and then, having 
determined to make the practice of medicine 
his life work, he commenced a course of read- 
ing under the preceptorship of Dr. J. Hobson, 
a talented practitioner at Flushing. He finished 
his medical studies in the medical department 
of tlie Western lleserve University, at Cleve- 
land, graduating in 1886. He served for a 
term and a half as house physician in Lakeside 
Hospital, proving a very efficient officer and 
incidentally gaining most valuable experience, 
lie tlien opened an office on Erie street, in 
(Cleveland, and there remained from 1887 until 
1891, when he removed to his present and more 
convenient quarters. He carries on a general 
practice of medicine and surgery and has a 
representative patronage. He is Professor of 
Casualty and Minor Surgery in the medical de- 
partment of the Wooster University, Cleveland, 
Ohio, is surgeon to the outdoor department of 
the same institution, is surgeon for tiie Penn- 
sylvania Eailroad Company, and chief surgeon 
of the Valley Division of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad Company. In addition to these hon- 
orable preferments, all of wliich stand in evi- 
dence of his professional ability, the Doctor is 
also visiting physician and surgeon of the 
Cleveland City Hospital. He is medical ex- 
aminer for those well known insurance com- 
panies, the National Union of Oliio and the 

State Mutual of Massachusetts. He is a mem- 
ber of the city, county and State medical so- 
cieties, of tlie American Medical Association 
and of the National Association of Railroad 

November 9, 1892, Dr. Hobson was united in 
marriage to Miss Ann Schlather, daughter of 
Leonard Schlather, one of the old and honored 
citizens of Cleveland. In his political procliv- 
ities the Doctor strongly advocates the princi- 
ples advanced by the Republican party, and he 
has maintained an active interest in the cause. 

He is a man of comprehen-sive general in- 
formation, a close student in the line of his 
profession and has won an enviable reputation 
as a careful, conscientious and painstaking 
physician. He is ever in pace with the advances 
made in the science of medicine and may con- 
gruously be designated as a fin-du-dede type 
in the line of his profession, one in whom con- 
fidence may implicitly be reposed. 

EDWIN 13. HALE.— The late Edwin B. 
Hale, who for nearly forty years was 
I closely identified with the banking in- 
terests of Cleveland, was one of the city's ablest 
financiers and most prominent and deservedly 
honored citizens. 

Mr. Hale sprang from an old and honored 
English family, his ancestors having held num- 
erous positions of trust and responsibilty in En- 
gland as far back as the thirteenth century. 
One of the best known members of the family 
was Sir Matthew Hale, who was known in his- 
tory as the "just and upright judge," and the 
official records of Great Britain show that the 
Hales came in for a large share of both military 
and civic honors. Members of tlie family were 
among the early settlers of New England, 
Samuel Hale (Hales) settling in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, in 1C35; and they there displayed 
the same energy that distinguished the family 
in the mother country. They were prominent 
in the skirmishes with the savages in the French 



and Indian wars, and especially so in the war 
of the Revolution, Connecticut furnishing to 
tlie American army no less than sixteen brave 
soldiers by the name of Hale, all heads of fam- 
ilies and all from the same section. 

The father of Mr. Hale was Philo Hale, who 
was a man of remarkable energy and enter- 
prise, and was the first to engage in and estab- 
lish the business of ship-building on the Con- 
necticut river, which he carried on successfully 
until the outbreak of the war with England in 
1812. This war ruined his business and in- 
volved him in serious loss. He afterward trav- 
eled e.xtensively abroad, but later returned to 
his native country and became a prominent 
pioneer citizen of central Illinois, where he re- 
paired his broken fortunes, and where he died 
in 1848. 

Edwin V>. Hale was born on the 8th day of 
February, 1819, in the city of Brooklyn, New 
York, but his parents, during his infancj', re- 
moved to Glastonbury, Connecticut, where he 
was reared and given the advantage of the best 
schools. He had a leaning toward classical 
studies, and it was intended that he should 
enter Yale College. The death of his mother, 
two brothers and a sister, however, broke up 
the home and prevented the carrying out of 
this plan. He came to Ohio, and in 1837 
entered Kenyon College, at Gambler, where he 
gave his entire attention to his studies and 
graduated with the honors of his class in 1841, 
having won the personal friendship of every 
member of the faculty and the kind regard of his 
fellow students. He then determined to follow 
the life of a scholar, to which his literary tastes 
strongly inclined him; and there can be no 
doubt but that in that field honor awaited him 
had he entered it. But at the request of his 
father he entered the legal profession, associat- 
ing himself with the firm of Goddard & Con- 
verse, of Zanesviile, and in 1843 was admitted 
to the bar. Several years following his ad- 
mission to the bar he resided in Illinois, where 
his business required his presence, and up to 
the time of his death his landed interests in 

that State demanded a share of his attention. 

In 1852 Mr. Hale became a citizen of Cleve- 
land, and began his career by engaging in the 
private banking business, associating with him- 
self Stephen Sturges, and doing business under 
the firm name of Sturges & Hale. Shortly 
afterward he bought out the interests of Mr. 
Sturges, and for a time continued the business 
alone. A few years later Mr. W. H. Barriss, 
who had entered the office in 1859, was taken in 
as a partner, and the firm name was changed to 
that of E. B. Hale & Company, Messrs. Hale 
and Barriss constituting the same until 1879, 
when Mr. Hale's eldest son, Willis B., after hav- 
ing been with the firm nine years, was admitted 
as an equal partner, the firm name remaining 
unchanged. This partnership remained un- 
changed until the successor of E. B. Hale & 
Company^the Marine Bank Company — was 
organized, in the spring of 1891, Mr. E. B. 
Hale becoming president, iCr. Barriss cashier, 
and Mr. W. B. Hale assistant cashier of the 
new company. 

The banking house of E. B. Hale & Com- 
pany had the reputation, and justly so, of doing 
the largest business of all private banking con- 
cerns in the State, keeping their own accounts 
in London, Paris and Dublin, and drawing 
drafts on all points in the world, as well as 
issuing letters of credit payable at any point of 
the globe. The institution has successfully 
passed through every panic since its establish- 
ment, never refusing to pay certificates of 
deposit or demand checks on sight. Very 
shortly after the reorganization of the bank 
Mr. Hale died, suddenly, at his desk, on the 
9th day of July, 1891, without warning and 
witli no member of his family present except 
his son Willis B. Mr. Barriss succeeded to the 
presidency of the bank after Mr. Hale's death, 
and Willis B. Hale became cashier, — positions 
they hold at the present time. Mr. Barriss, 
as has been stated, entered the office of Mr. 
Hale in March, 1859, and has been intimately 
connected with the business continuously from 
that time to this. 


Mr. Barriss is also interested in the large con- 
cern of The Martin Barriss Company, of Cleve- 
land, which is a corporation dealing in hard 
and foreign woods. He is also a director and 
treasurer of the Cuyahoga Building and Loan 
Association, and has charge of various trust 
funds of large estates. He is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, and is recognized as 
one of the city's leading representative men. 
He is 11 man of fine literary taste, and owns one 
of the few choice libraries and collections of 
valuable manuscripts in the city. 

Mr. Willis B. Hale was born in Decatur, 
Illinois, on the 17th of June, 1847. He was 
prepared for college at Phillips Academy, An- 
dover, Massachusetts, and entered Union Col- 
lege, Schenectady, New York, in 18G6, graduat- 
ing in the class of 1870, and delivering the vale- 
dictory address of the Philomathian Society of 
that institution. He at once entered the house of 
E. L>. Hale & Company, where he has remained 
to the present, giving most of his time and at- 
tention to the interest of the business. He is 
also interested in other important enterprises, 
and is a director in some of them. He is a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce. 

In 1846 Mr. E. B. Hale was married to the 
daughter of S. N". Hoyt, Esq., of Chardon, 
Ohio, and to this union three sons and five 
daughters were born, all of whom, with the ex- 
ception of the youngest daughter, with their 
mother, survive. The children are Willis B., 
Edwin, Cleveland C, Mrs. Ellen Bolton, Mrs. 
Florence Russell, Mrs. Alice M. Cowles, Edith 
and Caroline, the last mentioned deceased. 

In 1879, in company with Judge Stephenson 
Burke, Mr. Hale made an extended trip abroad, 
forming personal acquaintance with the heads 
of various banking institutions with which his 
house held business relations. 

Mr. Hale was a man of strong character and 
marked ability. He was quiet and unassuming 
by nature, yet was firm in his convictions and 
of strong and decided tastes. In his business 
habits he was shrewd, cautious and conserva- 
tive and always conscientious. He was never 

exacting or oppressive in his demands, and 
never willing to take advantage or profit by the 
misfortunes of another. He was quick to ap- 
preciate the legitimate, financial necessities of 
his surroundings and prompt to act. For nearly 
forty years he was a leading and prominent 
member of Cleveland's banking fraternity, and 
during all that time was an important factor in 
financial circles. The banking house of which 
he was for so many years the head always en- 
joyed the highest credit and commanded the 
entire confidence of other financial institutions, 
both at home and abroad. He was always ready 
to aid in every proper way to the extent of his 
ability the development of the commercial and 
industrial interests of Cleveland, and did a great 
deal in his way toward making the city what 
she is to-day. As a citizen he was progressive, 
and broad and liberal in his views, and was 
to be found on the right side of all move- 
ments having for their object the building up 
of his adopted city and her institutions. While 
his charity was unostentatious it was generous, 
and he ever had a warm heart and helping hand 
for the poor and needy, and a kind and encour- 
aging word for the despondent and unfortunate. 
He was a liberal contributor to the charitable 
and benevolent institutions, and was a liberal 
supporter of the church, although not a mem- 
ber of any congregation. He had in his char- 
acter many elements of strength, and one could 
not associate with him without recognizing the 
sagacious intelligence, kindly charity and the 
many evidences of human sympathy which 
marked his life among men. His deep domes- 
tic devotion was one of his strongest character- 
istics. He was devotedly attached to his wife 
and children, and it was in the home circle 
where he found his greatest pleasures. He de- 
lighted to be surrounded by congenial friends, 
and derived great pleasure in dispensing hospi- 
tality and discharging the duties of host. 
Every banker and business man who knew Mr. 
Hale bears willing testimony to his sterling in- 
tegrity of character, his eminent ability as a 
financier, and to the uniform courtesy and kind- 


ness which marked his relation to his business 
associates and was so conspicuous in his social 
and domestic life, and all of his acquaintances 
stand ready to testify to his worth as a man, a 
citizen and a friend. 

M. D., was born in Randolph, Portage 
county, Ohio, June 28, 1845, the only 
son of Joseph C. and Elizabeth (Clark) 
Brainard, and graduated at Mount Union Col- 
lege, Oiiio, in 1867, with the honors of his 
class. During the war of the rebellion he was 
a member of the National Guards, with the 
rank of Lieutenant, being the youngest com- 
missioned officer in his regiment. 

In 1861) he graduated in the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, and in the 
same year was married to Emma G. Coe, only 
daughter of Deacon James P. Coe, of Randolph, 
Ohio. He immediately settled in Cleveland, 
wliere he has been continuously in the practice 
of medicine to this time, and has acquired a 
very large practice. In 1881 he was appointed 
pliysician to tiie Cleveland Protestant Orphan 
Asylum, one of the largest and finest asylums 
in the country, which position he still retains. 
In politics lie has been more attached to prin- 
ciples than party, and has never been a " party 
politician," but always a pronounced temperance 
advocate and generally a Republican. 

In 1882 he was elected a member of the 
Cleveland Public Library Board and took an 
active interest in the development of the 
library. lie was re-elected for eight consecu- 
tive terms, and was honored with the presidency 
of the board for five continuous years. He was 
one of the organizers of The Arcade Savings 
l>ank Company in 1890, and has been president 
of that bank since its organization. Religiously, 
he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church: has been a trustee for twenty-five 
years and a Sunday-school superintendent for 
ten years. 

One son, Frank C, and two daughters, Edith 
and Edna, complete the family circle. 

Dr. Brainard all his life has been a close 
student and a hard worker, possessing a splen- 
did physical constitution and indomitable en- 
ergy, has been prominent in many progressive 
movements, and in all his relations has dis- 
played that integrity of character which wins 
and holds the confidence of all who know him. 

SAMUEL FRIEDMAN, Superintendent 
of the Sir Moses Montefiore Kesher 
Home for the Aged and Infirm Israelites, 
located on the corner of Woodland and Wilson 
avenues, was born in Hungary, October 18, 
1845. His father, B. Friedman, resides in the 
city of New York. Samuel received his com- 
mercial education in Buda Pesth, Hungary, 
and was afterward engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness and other occupations in his native place. 
He came to America in 1872, and for the fol- 
lowing seventeen years was engaged in busi- 
ness in New York. Then, in 1889, he secured 
his present position in this city, as successor to 
his brother. Dr. Adolph Friedman. The latter 
became superintendent of the institution in 
1885, remaining there until his death four 
years later, at the age of thirty-eight years. He 
received his literary education in Europe and 
graduated as physician and surgeon in the 
medical department of the Western Reserve 
University of Cleveland, in the class of 1888. 
Dr. Friedman was a man of good promise; was 
never troubled with sickness until his last, 
which continued from Sunday until Thursday. 
His widow, nee Fannie Webber, resides in 
Cleveland. They had four children: Helen, 
Isadore, Walter and Oscar. 

The Home for Aged and Infirm Israelites 
contains thirty-four sleeping rooms, one sick 
ward, one reading and smoking room, one re- 
ception room, a chapel, kitchen, dining room, 
all the necessary store houses, etc. It is built 
of brick, fire-proof, heated by steam, and con- 


tains all the modern improvements. The home 
is supported principally by volnntary contribu- 
tions. The executive officers are: president, 
Adoljjh Freund, of Detroit, Michigan; vice- 
president, Samuel Grabfelder, of Louisville, 
Kentucky; treasurer, Jacob Mandlebaun; chair- 
man of local board, Mjer Weil; secretary, M. 
A. Marx, of Cleveland; superintendent, S. 
Friedman; physician, N. Weidenthalent. This 
is one of tlie few institutions of the kind in the 
"State, and a visit through the different depart- 
ments is a convincing proof that the home is 
in good hands, and that the superintendent and 
matron are the right persons in the right place. 
Mrs. Friedman, the matron, is a cultured lady, 
of pleasing presence, and is the ideal mother of 
more than a score who are very much her senior 
in age. 

Mr. Friedman, the subject of this sketch, was 
married in 1872, to Miss Ernestine Webber, a 
sister of Fanny AVebber and a daughter of 
Jacob Webber, natives of Hungary. The 
father still resides at his native place. Mr. 
Friedman is a member of the I. O. B. B., the 
American Legion of Honor, the First Hunga- 
rian Society of New York, and has passed all 
the chairs in the L O. O. F. 

SAMUEL J. BAKER, County Surveyor 
of Cuyahoga county, Ohio, was born in 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, and was 
brought to Cleveland by his parents when only 
three years of age. After receiving an educa- 
tion in the grammar and higli schools of the 
city, he entered the city civil engineer's othce, 
at the age of sixteen years, under Charles H. 
Strong, and served successively as chainman, 
rod man and level-man in various kinds of field 
engineering work, and then for several years as 
transit-man and assistant with Charles A. Wal- 
ter, the assistant city engineer in charge of 
surveys, being engaged on all kinds of surveys 
for the city, including that for the Superior 
street viaduct, and gaining knowledge and ex- 

perience in all kinds of city engineering work. 
On the death of Mr. Walter in 1881, he was 
placed in charge of his work, and made fourth 
assistant city engineer, by the city engineer, 
B. F. Morse. 

He continued to act as engineer, having 
special charge of surveys; from that time to May 
20, 1893, when he was retired by Jolin H. 
Farley, the newly appointed Democratic direc- 
tor of public works, in order to make room for 
one of the latter's political supporters. This 
was done after he had served twelve years at 
the head of the survey department of the city, 
under Engineers B. F. Morse, C. G. Force, W. 
P. Eice, and Director of Public Works R. R. 
Herrick, his salary having been raised three 
times during this period. He was made third 
assistant engineer by Director Herrick, but no 
particular change was made in the nature of his 

Wliile filling the above positions, he in per- 
son made the surveys for the Kingsbury run 
viaduct, and Central viaduct routes, and pre- 
pared all the deeds, resolutions, ordinances and 
descriptions necessary for the purchase or ap- 
propriation of the land for the same, costing 
over $200,000, and also made the survey and 
prepared similar papers for the opening, by ap- 
propriation, of Walworth street, in the valley 
of Walworth run, from Scran ton avenue to 
Gordon avenue, a distance of about two and a 
half miles, which cost over |100,000. He also 
made or directed all other surveys by his de- 
partment, such as those for defining old streets 
and opening new ones; for dock lines; to define 
city property, etc. He examined and reported 
to the chief engineer upon all the plats and 
maps subdividing lands, and laying out new 
streets within the city, that have gone on record 
during the past twelve years, — some 325 in all. 
In this work he corrected many errors and 
doubtless saved much litigation, that would 
otherwise devolve upon future generations. 

In 1880 he was one of the founders of the 
Civil Engineers' Club of Cleveland. In 1885 
he was elected treasurer of the club, and was 



re-elected four times, serving five years. He 
also served one year as corresponding secretary 
and one year as a director. In August, 1884, 
be prepared and read before tbe club a paper 
entitled "The Original Surveys of Cleveland," 
which was published in the Journal of the As- 
sociation of Engineering Societies for that 
month, with accompanying maps. This paper 
has since been frequently in demand by sur- 
veyors and others interested in the early his- 
tory and survey of the city. 

Soon after leaving the city's employ, Mr. 
Baker entered the race for the nomination for 
County Surveyor on the Republican ticket, and 
in September, 1893, received the nomination, 
defeating five other candidates, and having a 
plurality of the popular vote, and a final dele- 
gate vote in the convention of 269 out of a 
total of 386 cast. In November following he 
was elected County Surveyor by a majority 
of nearly 9,000 over his Democratic opponent. 
He took possession of his office on January 1, 
1894, and has already executed a large amount 
of work for the citizens of the city and county. 
With a complete force of expert assistants and 
an equipment of the latest and most improved 
instruments, he is prepared to make all kinds of 
surveys and do a large class of engineering 
work. The brief mention of his official career 
and public work outlined above demonstrates 
his competency for his present position and for 
the kind of work he advertises to do. With all 
the superior advantages possible, therefore, he 
is prepared to locate uncertain or disputed prop- 
erty lines, to survey and lay out subdivisions, 
street lines, lots, farms, roads, drives and 
private grounds, to prepare maps, descriptions 
and deeds, and do all the engineering work re- 
quired for grading, curbing, paving, sewering, 
etc., of new streets, with plans and estimates of 

Mr. Baker is unmarried, and is now residing 
on Prospect street. His parents are dead, his 
father, the late Robert Baker, who was for many 
years the Secretary of the City Infirmary Board, 
having died in January, 1891, and his mother 

six months later. His only immediate relative 
living is his sister, Mrs. George II. Foote, of 
this city. He is a member of the Ohio Society 
of Surveyors and Civil Engineers, and also a 
member of the Cleveland Athletic Club. In 
politics he is a Republican, and has been so 
since his first vote. Though never a politician, 
he takes an active interest in the success of his 
party, and is a member of both the Tippecanoe 
and Cuyahoga Republican Clubs. 

'JrJjEV. AUGUST GERARDIN, pastor of 
1^^ the Annunciation Catholic Church of 
11 ^ Cleveland (French), was born in France, 
^ May 4, 1844, a son of J. E. and Theresa 

(Toussaint) Gerardin, both parents being na- 
tives of France. The father was a life-long 
teacher, and taught for the greater portion of 
his life in Riche. Here he taught for thirty 
years and here he died. He taught in the county 
of Meurthe, France, and as a teacher he was 
distinguished. He died in 1863, at the age of 
sixty-four years. His wife's death preceded his 
one year, she dying at the age of sixty-two 
years. Both of these parents were lifelong and 
faithful members of the Catholic Church, and 
the excellency of their precepts were telling 
upon the character of their son, whose name 
introduces this brief sketch. 

Rev. Gerardin is the youngest of seven chil- 
dren, of whom three still live. In 1864 our 
subject came to America and direct to Cleve- 
land, where he completed his theological studies 
at St. Mary's Seminary under the tutelage of 
Rev. Saleune, now at Long Branch, New York, 
and Dr. James Stremler, superior. His pre- 
liminary education was obtained in France at 
Pont-a-Mousson. He was ordained priest in 
Cleveland, December 16, 1867, by Bishop 

Rev. Gerardin's first work as a pastor was at 
Upper Sandusky. He was next sent to Galion, 
Ohio, where lie became ])astor in 1868 and 
served until 1877. During the period he was 


at Gallon, Ohio, he built what is now known as 
the St. Patrick's church of Galion, a large, 
commodious building, and also completed a 
building and inaugurated what is now a large 
school. From Galion Eev. Gerardin came to 
Cleveland in 1877. The parish in Cleveland 
was inaugurated in 1868 by Father A. Sanvadet, 
and is known as the Annunciation, of which 
Rev. Gerardin became the second rector. At 
the time he became director there were 125 
families in his congregation, and the number of 
families has been increased two-fold. His 
church is in a healthy condition and is growing. 
Kev. Gerardin has been very successful in 
church work, his success being due to his dili- 
gence, his watchful care and his ability as an 
organizer. He is highly esteemed and beloved. 

'Jr^j EV. WILLIAM YOST, treasurer of the 
1^^ Missionary Society of the Evangelical 
II ^ Association, Cleveland, Ohio, dates his 
V birth in Womelsdorf, Berks county, 

Pennsylvania, December 25, 1830. 

His parents, John and Margaret (Lauer) 
Yost, were natives of Germany. John Yost 
was a cooper and farmer by occupation; lived 
to the advanced age of ninety-two years, and 
died in Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 1887. 
His wife died in 1850, at the age of fifty years. 
Both were members of the Evangelical Associa- 
tion. They came to America in 1823 and set- 
tled in Pennsylvania, where they spent the rest 
of their lives, honored and respected by all who 
knew them. William was the fourth born in 
their family of six children, four of whom are 
living. One son, Fred, went out to California 
in 1848, and is now a well-to-do citizen of 

William Yost was educated in Dickinson 
College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania; but on account 
of failing health was compelled to leave the 
college before he completed his course. He 
was then employed for a short time as book- 
keeper in Reading. At the age of twenty-two 

he entered the ministry of the Evangelical As- 
sociation, and for eleven years was a circuit 
preacher, spending two years at each appoint- 
ment, all the time the regulations of the church 
would allow. For the past thirty years he has 
been one of the officials of the church. He was 
elected corresponding secretary of the Mission- 
ary Society of the Evangelical Association in 
1863, which position he held for sixteen years. 
Then for eight years he was one of the man- 
agers of the Publishing House of the Associa- 
tion. He was elected to his present position in 
1887. For four years, in addition to his other 
duties, he served as one of the editors of the 
Missionary Messenger, and at present is also 
general statistical secretary of the Evangelical 

Mr. Yost was married, March 9, 1855, to 
Miss Maria II. Gish, daughter of Abraham and 
Elizabeth Gish, of Northampton county, Penn- 
sylvania. They have five children, namely: 
Ella, Howard, Emma, William B., and Bessie. 
Ella is the wife of Robert O. Preyer, a lumber 
dealer of Elizabeth City, North Carolina. They 
have four children, Anna, Willie, Allen and 
Helen. Howard, bookkeeper for the Society 
for Savings, resides in Cleveland. He married 
Miss Kate Wyant, of this city, and they have 
three children, Malcomb, Ransom and Harold. 
Emma is the wife of Dr. M. J. Blien, of San 
Antonio, Texas, and their children are Marion 
and Howard. William B. married Miss Flor- 
ence Yost, of Twinsburg, Ohio. He is a trav- 
eling salesman for a wholesale hardware com- 
pany of Cleveland. Bessie, the youngest, is at- 
tending the Cleveland high school. The family 
are all members of the Evangelical Association. 

Rev. Yost is favored with a goodly portion of 
sound practical sense, which is enlivened with a 
very ready and almost inexhaustible amount of 
mother wit. His temperament being rather 
lively, the result is that he is nearly always in 
good humor and is a kind and pleasant codj- 
panion. His perceptive powers are acute and 
always on the alert. His slender form is well 
proportioned and is wiry and tough, and, being 


quick and supple in his actions, he is able to do 
a great deal of work with comparatively little 

In the discharge of his official duties he is 
punctual and reliable. In finances he is "quite 
at home" and hence makes a first-class treasurer 
of the Missionary Society and the Orphans' 
Home of the Evangelical Association. Indeed, 
in every position to which he has been called, 
he has discharged his duty with the strictest 

As a preacher of the gospel, Mr. Yost has 
met with eminent success. He studies his texts 
well, presents the truths contained therein 
earnestly, gracefully and effectively. While he 
served as preaclier on circuits and stations he 
was everywhere successful in leading souls to 
Christ and building up the church. Besides 
the various oflBcial positions which he has filled, 
he has been a member of a number of General 
Conferences, and assisted materially in shaping 
legislation for the church by that body. 

Mr. Yost is without doubt one of the most 
useful men in his church, an honor to its min- 
istry, and as a member of the church leading a 
blameless and exemplary Christian life. 

M. MOZIER, superintendent of trans- 
portation of the New York, Pennsyl- 
vania & Ohio and the Chicago & Erie 
Railroad Companies, comprising all their 
lines west of Salamanca, New York, was born 
in Morrow county, Ohio, May 31, 1843. 

Like most men who are guiding spirits in the 
destinies of prosperous corporations, he was 
once a country lad, being a son of L. D. Mozier, 
a farmer who settled in Mori-ow county, where 
Edison now is, in 1835. Mr. Mozier's best 
educational advantages were the high schools of 
Mount Gilead, Ohio. He became a telegraph 
operator at Delaware, Ohio, for the "Big Four"' 
Railroad Company, served as operator and ticket 
agent at Crestline, Ohio, for the same company, 
and at this juncture he decided to undertake a 
merchandising venture in the same city, but one 

year's experience found him again ready to re- 
sume railroading. He was made operator for 
the Pennsylvania Company at Rochester, Penn- 
sylvania, and soon after was transferred to the 
Panhandle as train dispatcher, and was made 
chief dispatcher and manager of telegraph, re 
maining with the company ten years. He then 
returned to the "Big Four" Company as chief 
train dispatcher and soon afterward was pro- 
moted to train master of the Indianapolis &l St. 
Louis Division, completing seven years' service 
with them. 

Mr. Mozier came to the New York, Pennsyl- 
vania & Ohio in 1888, as superintendent of the 
Third and Fourth Divisions, with headquarters 
at Gallon, Ohio. January 1, 1891, he was pro- 
moted to his present office, where he has since 
served with the exception of seven months, 
during the reorganization of the Chicago k, 
Erie Railroad, when he was detailed to act as 
its superintendent. 

Besides being active in the operating depart- 
ment of the several roads with which he has 
been connected, Mr. Mozier has been very much 
interested in the subject of switches and signals, 
for the improvement of which he has invented 
and patented devices that are absolutely safe, 
and which are being quite generally adopted on 
trial. For the manufacture of these devices a 
plant is in operation at Gallon, of which Mr. 
Mozier is president, the institution being known 
as the "Mozier Safety Signal Com[iany." They 
turn out the "Mozier Three-Position Sema- 
phore" and the "Mozier Safety Signal," for use 
in connection with the " Mozier Block System," 
or as train order signals. 

Mr. Mozier's father was born in Vermont, 
came into Morrow county, Ohio, when a youth, 
and died there in 1885, aged eighty-four years. 
In early life he was a prominent school-teacher, 
but devoted his later years to the farm. He 
married Abbie Louisa Harrison, of the same 
stock as the two presidents Harrison. Joseph 
Harrison, the father of Mrs. Mozier, married 
Miss Crane in New Jersey, settled in Morrow 
county early in its history, and was a merchant. 



An uncle of our subject, Joseph Mozier, is 
the famous American sculptor. He studied in 
Italy and remained there, being one of the tirst 
of our artists to achieve a reputation in foreign 
countries. On his visit to England he was 
crowned by the Queen as a token of her appro- 
bation of his work. His masterpiece was one 
of the rare marbles on exhibition at the World's 

L. D. Mozier was tlie father of seven chil- 
dren, viz : Joseph W.; William H.; I). C, a 
deceased banker of Mount Gilead, Ohio; A. M.; 
G. W., of Kansas City, Missouri; Mary L., 
wife of G. A. Dodge, of Valparaiso, Indiana; 
and Charles R., of Edison. 

A. M. Mozier married in 1865, at Crestline, 
Ohio, Miss Marianne, a daughter of William 
II. Borie, from near Cumberland, Maryland. 
The ciiildren of this union are Marion Lee, train 
dispatcher at Huntington, Indiana, on Chicago 
& Erie Railroad, and Edna Louise. 

late E. I. Baldwin, who died on the 27th 
1 day of January, 1894, was one of Cleve- 
land's most prominent business men and de- 
servedly honored citizens. As the founder and 
head of the well-known dry-goods house of E. 
I. Baldwin, Hatch & Company, he was for over 
forty years identified with the commercial in- 
terests of the city, and during that period he built 
up one of the largest mercantile houses in the 
State of Ohio, and establi.-hed a most enviable 
reputation both as a merchant and as a man and 

Mr. Baldwin was a native of Connecticut, 
having been born in New Haven on the 13th 
day of May, 1829. He spent his early life in 
his native city, and received excellent educa- 
tional advantages. At the age of nineteen years, 
health being none too robust, he decided upon 
a more active life and began his mercantile 
career by entering the establishment of Sandford 
«& Allen, a leading dry-goods house of New 

Haven. In order that he might learn the busi- 
ness thoroughly and gain practical experience, 
he took a subordinate clerkship and passed 
through all the grades to the position of con- 
fidential clerk. From New^ Haven he went to 
New York city, and entered the house of the 
old firm of Tracy, Irwin & Company, and tiiere 
remained until the year 1853, when he removed 
to Cleveland. 

When Mr. Baldwin came to Cleveland he 
found the field well occupied, there being a very 
large number of dry-goods houses in the city, 
most of them doing business on the old fash- 
ioned credit system, and failures of course com- 
mon. The outlook was not favorable: the store 
he had engaged was said to be on the " wrong 
side" of the street; older merchants prophesied 
a speedy failure; and competition was strong, 
going so far in its efforts to injure the young 
merphant by circulating false reports concerning 
his credit. In October, 1853, Mr. Baldwin 
opened business under the firm name of E. I. 
Baldwin & Company, in the new block on the 
corner of Superior and Seneca streets, and con- 
trary to predictions succeeded from the very be- 


He commenced with a stock valued 

at $16,000, and at the end of the tirst year the 
sales amounted to over §§4:3,000. This was an 
encouraging result. The history of the firm 
from that time to the present has been one of 
continued success and progress, every year wit- 
nessing a marked increase over the former. 
From the beginning the firm possessed the en- 
tire confidence of the largest and best merchants 
in the East, and having conducted their business 
in a strictly honorable manner and selling only 
good articles, and at reasonable profits, and al- 
lowing no misrepresentations, has retained 
customers from year to year, in many instances 
keeping their trade for a period of twenty 

The first direct importation of foreign dry 
goods to a Western city was made in 1857, by 
E. 1. Baldwin & Company, and "to this firm is 
largely due the introduction of modern and im- 
proved methods of conducting business, which 



are now very generally adopted by all good 
mercliaiits. Tlie rapid growth and expansion 
of their retail business some years since decided 
them to abandon tiie general jobbing trade and 
devote more attention to the distribution of 
goods among consumers, a stroke of policy 
which proved eminently snccessful. Perhaps 
no business requires greater talent to prosecute 
with profit than the management of a large em- 
porium of dry goods. Natural ability, self-re- 
liance, good judgment and quick perception are 
necessary, and must be supplemented by close 
application and unswerving integrity. All 
these qualifications were possessed to an emin- 
ent degree by Mr. Baldwin, combined with a 
kind and courteous nature and charitable dis- 
position, which made him not only a successful 
business man but also endeared him to all with 
whom he came in contact, both in the store and 
in the outside world. The career of Mr. Baldwin 
demonstrates that an establishment for the sale 
of merchandise can be so conducted as to prove 
a pecuniary beuetit to a city and means of ele- 
vating the tastes of a community, besides giv- 
ing permanent and useful employment to laj-ge 
numbers of persons, who are surrounded by 
good influences and instructed to regard honesty 
as not only the " best policy" but as abolutely 
essential to the holding of any position in the 

During the tirst tliree years of the existence 
of the firm, Mr. Silas I. Baldwin, father of E. 
I., was associated with it in a financial way, and 
upon his retirement Mr. Henry K. Hatch, 
brother-in-law to the head of the firm, was ad- 
mitted to a partnership. In 1863 Mr. W. S. 
Tyler, an employee, was given an interest in 
the business, and in late years Messrs. W. S. 
Jenkins, G. T. Schryrer, P. Deimer and A. E. 
Hatch were taken into tlie firm, and in 1887 the 
firm was changed to E. I. Baldwin, Hatch & 
Company. To meet the demands of their trade 
the firm in 1863 purchased a piece of land on 
Superior street, whereon stood at that time part 
of the city buildings, and erected the elegant 
store now occupied by them, which at that early 

day was ore of the finest in the city, and to-day 
compares favoral)ly with the leading business 
houses, notwithstanding the great progress of 
late years in architecture and building. 

Mr. Baldwin never enjoyed vigorous health, 
but until within a few years of his death was 
able to carry his full share of the burden of the 
large business of his firm, and had a thorough 
knowledge of its details. Of a naturally retir- 
ing disposition, and with a distaste for publi- 
city, Mr. Baldwin would never permit himself 
to be drawn into political matters, contenting 
himself with his business, his family, friends 
and acquaintances. He found much pleasure 
in books and in travel in his own and foreign 
countrie.=, having returned from an extended 
visit to Europe only about two weeks before his 
death. He was an Elder and Trustee of the 
Second Presbyterian Church, and was ever ready 
to lend his aid and influence to the promotion 
of every useful and philanthropic enterprise, and 
benevolent institutions were ever welcome to 
his hearty and liberal charity. Mr. Baldwin 
was a warm friend and supporter of Oberlin 
College, and erected at that institution Baldwin 
Cottage, at a cost of §30,000, and at his death 
left the cottage a bequest of §25,000. 

Mr. Baldwin was married in 1855, to Miss 
Mary Jeannutte Sterling, daughter of Oliver 
L. Sterling, of Lima, Livingston county, New 

DK. H. C. EYMAN.— Among the leading 
J physicians in the treatment of nervous 
— diseases in the State of Ohio, and par- 
ticularly those in which insanity is involved, is 
Dr. H. C. Eyman, the efficient superintendent 
of the Cleveland State Hospital, at Ncwburg. 

This gentleman was born in Fairfield county, 
Ohio, September 13, 1856, the son of a farmer 
in fair circumstances, having been in earlier life 
a school-teacher. The subject of this sketch 
completed the prescribed course at Fairfield 
Academy, taught school for a time, and then 
began to prepare himself for his life calling, 
that of medicine. Entering the Columbus 


Medical OuUege in 1877, he graduated tiiere 
three years later, and since then has made neu- 
rology and diseases of the brain and nervous 
system his great specialty. His first location 
for practice was in Tarlton, Pickaway county, 
Ohio, where failing health at length forced him 
out of practice, and within two years after 
locating there he entered the drug business in 
Lancaster, this State. He became assistant 
physician at the Athens Asylnm in 1884, and 
in July, 1887, was appointed assistant superin- 
tendent of the asylum at Toledo, aiding in the 
opening of that institution. His ability in the 
treatment of the unfortunate inmates there be 
came so well known that when the Newburg 
Asylum needed a new man at its head Dr. Ey- 
man was selected; and so well titted is he for 
tills important work that, although he is a 
Democrat in politics, and officials in those 
places fluctuate with each new State administra- 
tion, he has been retained by the present Gov- 

To Dr. Eyman belongs the credit of banish- 
ing from the hospitals of the State the last of 
the devices for mechanical restraint. Two years 
ago, when he was promoted from the position 
of assistant superintendent at the Toledo Asy- 
lum to his present place, of the 700 patients his 
predecessor had to deal with, forty on an average 
were secluded every day, and an average of 
twenty-si.x were daily subjected to mechanical 
restraint, principally by the use of the mufl' or 
the straight-jacket; and besides this nineteen 
cribs were in constant use. It is said that if 
even a well man were fastened in a crib two 
days he would be on the verge of insanity if 
indeed not wholly demented ; yet it was assumed 
that such a contrivance iiad souje value in treat- 
ing those who are mentally diseased! Since the 
abolishment of all these barbarous devices Dr. 
Eyman manages a larger number of patients, 
and more satisfactorily and far more humanely, 
than were before treated. 

The Doctor is also professor of mental and 
nervous diseases in Wooster College. He was 
chosen to the lecturership in this institution in 

1891, and to the chair above mentioned in 1892. 
He is a member of the American Medico- 
Psychological Association, before which he read 
a paper in 1892 entitled "The Effects of Ignor- 
ance and Superstition on the Treatment of Men- 
tal Obliquities." He is a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the new Massillon Asylum. 

The founder of the Eyman family in Ohio 
was the Doctor's grandfather, Henry Eyman, 
wlio, a farmer, settled in Fairfield county, Ohio, 
in 1800. Henry Eyman, the first, settled in 
Virginia over 200 years ago, and his grand- 
children aided in the contest for American in- 
dependence. Each succeeding lineal descend- 
ant from Henry the original to Hetiry the Ohio 
pioneer had only one son. The latter had two 
sons, viz.: H. B., the Doctor's father, and 
W. S. H. B. Eyman taught school several 
terms before he finally settled down on the 
farm. He spent the last ten years of his life 
in ISTew Salem, Ohio, serving the city as Mayor. 
He died July 5, 1893, aged seventy-four years. 
He married Mary A., daughter of Christian 
Baker, — who was a prominent Democrat and in 
1850 a member of the State Legislature,— and 
a niece of Daniel Keller, another prominent 
politician and legislator. Mr. Baker was a 
large land-owner and wealthy farmer who came 
from near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, about 
1800. He had been a soldier in the war of 
1812, attaining some rank, and died in 1875, 
aged eighty-four years. For his wife he mar- 
ried Magdalena Ruffner, of Fairfield county, 
and their children were six in number, one of 
whom was Emanuel, a member of the Legisla- 
ture in 1876 and once the Democratic candidate 
for Secretary of State. Mr. H. B. Eyman had 
eight children, namely: D. S., of Fairfield 
county; Samantha, now Mrs. Aaron C. Hender- 
son; Maggie, wife of T. J. Spitler, a wealthy 
farmer of Fairfield county; C. B. ; Frank P., a 
railroad man on the Chicago & Northwestern 
line; Dr. H. C, our subject; Louis E., a drug- 
gist of Lancaster, Ohio; and H. E., train dis- 
patcher on the Northern Pacific Railroad at 
Stephens, Minnesota. 


Dr. Eyman was married September 12, 1880, 
in Fairtield county, to Miss Lestia, a daiigiiter 
of Warren Dern, a stock dealer of New Salem, 
Ohio, and a native of Pennsylvania. Dr. and 
Mrs. Eyman have an only child, Etliel, born 
August 23, 1881. 

GD. ELLIS, M. D., a plijslcian and sur- 
geon at No. 433 Pearl street, Cleveland, 
was born in Christian county, Kentucky, 
August 6, 1860, a son of William and Anna, 
(Harrison) Ellis, natives respectively of Mary- 
land and Kentucky. In early life the father 
was engaged at the tailor's trade, later, at the 
breaking out of the late war, opened a general 
su])ply store at Hopkinsville, Kentucky, which 
he continued until 1878, and in that year be- 
came owner and manager of the Hopkinsville 
Flouring Mills. The latter was destroyed by 
lire in the fall of 1882. Mr. Ellis then became 
the first manufacturer of artidcial ice in that 
part of the State, which business is still con- 
ducted by his son, F. L. Ellis. During the late 
war, he was a stanch Union man. He has served 
as Councilman of Hopkinsville eight terms, and 
is in every way a most worthy and highly es- 
teemed citizen. He is now eighty-three years 
of age. Mrs. Ellis died in 1885, at the age of 
sixty-four years. 

C. D. Ellis, M. D., the youngest in a family 
of four children, all now living, attended the 
public schools of Hopkinsville, completed the 
studies in the Hopkinsville high school, and 
graduated in the class of 1883. Alter spend- 
ing eighteen months in the practice of medicine 
at Emporia, Kansas, Dr. Ellis came to Cleve- 
land in 1885. In addition to his general prac- 
tice, he is professor of Osteology and Minor 
Surgery in the Cleveland University of Medi- 
cine and Surgery, also Visiting Physician and 
Secretary of the Advisory Board in the Homeo- 
pathic Hospital, a lecturer in the Training 
School for Nurses, and President of the Hahne- 

mann Society. Surgical clinic is held by the 
Doctor every Friday afternoon at the college 
throughout tiie year. 

He was married in 1883, to Miss Ettie Ga- 
boon, a daughter of Thomas and Lizzie Caboon, 
who reside at 374 Franklin avenue, Cleveland. 
His father has been Councilman of this city. 
Mrs. Ellis died in 1888, at the age of twenty- 
seven years, having been a consistent member 
of the Presbyterian Church. In 1890 the Doc- 
tor was united in marriage with Miss May B., 
a daughter of Capt. George and Mary Warner, 
of this city. Mrs. Ellis is a member of the St. 
John's Episcopal Church. In his social rela- 
tions, the Doctor is a member of the Royal 
Arcanum, the Golden Chafn, tiie Homeopathic 
Round Table Club, and was formerly Treasurer 
of the State Homeopathic Medical Society, of 
which he is now a member. In political mat- 
ters, he is identified with the Republican party. 

DR. STANLEY L. THORPE, a physician 
I and surgeon of Cleveland, was born in 
— Sandusky, Ohio, February 28, 1851, a 
son of Dr. Frederick S. and Mary (Kilbourne) 
Thorpe, natives of Granville, this State. The 
father followed the practice of medicine in 
Granville and Sandusky for many years, was a 
man of wide and favorable reputation as a phy- 
sician of the allopathic school, was acquainted 
with the trials and hardships of Ohio pioneer 
medical practice, and was a most wortliy and 
esteemed citizen, as well as a skillful practition- 
er. He was a Republican in political matters, 
and during the latter years of his life held the 
Government position of chief clerk in the cen- 
sus office at Washington, District of Columbia. 
His death occurred in 1862, at the age of forty- 
five years. Dr. Thorpe was a beautiful singer, 
and thus rendered the churches in Sandusky and 
Washington valuable service. Mrs. Thorpe died 
in 1872, at the age of forty-nine years. 

Stanley L., the youngest of three children, 
and the only one now living, received his edu- 



cation in Sandusky, Cleveland, and in the Se- 
ville Academy. After practicing dentistry for 
a few years, he began reading medicine with 
Dr. H. F. Biggar, and graduated at tlie Homeo- 
pathic Hospital College in Cleveland in 1882. 
He also took a course in the New York Poat- 
Graduate School. Since that time Dr. Thorpe 
has been engaged in the practice of medicine in 
this city, and of late years has made a specialty 
of throat and lung diseases. He has served as 
Physician in the Homeopathic Dispensary one 
year. He is a member of the Ohio State 
Homeopathic Medical Society, of the Round 
Table Club of Cleveland, of the Masonic order, 
is Examining Physician for the Sons of St. 
George, and was a Physician for the National 
Union. Politically, he votes with the Repub- 
lican party. 

Dr. Thorpe was married in 1873, to Miss 
Laviua, a daughter of the late Isaac Gulp. Mr. 
Gulp was a prominent merchant of Medina for 
many years, and died at the age of seventy-five 
years. Dr. and Mrs. Thorpe had six children, 
four of whom still survive. Mrs. Thorpe at- 
tended the Seville high school, and afterward 
pathic Hospital College of this city, in the class 
read medicine and graduated at the Hoineo- 
of 1883. She followed her chosen occupation 
for a number of years, but owing to delicate 
health has retired from active practice. Dr. and 
Mrs. Thorpe are members of the Woodland 
Avenue Congregational Church. 

f(J|ENRY S. BLOSSOM, one of Cleveland's 
Ir^i prosperous business men, was born in 
11 4i Willoughby, Lake county, Ohio, Febrn- 
' ary 2, 1852, a sou of Henry C. Blossom, 

who was a native of Chardon, Ohio, born in 
1822; and the latter was a son of Orrin Blos- 
som, of English ancestry. 

Mr. Henry C. Blossom at the age of sixteen 
years began as a clerk in a general store in 
Painesville, this State, where he remained live 
years. Coming to Cleveland in 1843, he be- 

came a clerk in the hardware store of W. Bing- 
ham, which was located near the present site of 
the magnificent retail department of the W. 
Bingham Company's stores. He soon became 
! a partner in the business, which grew enor- 
mously under his successful management. lu 
this trade he remained until his death, which 
occurred in August, 1883. He was one of the 
leading prosperous business men of Cleveland, 
always taking an active interest in charitable 
institutions and movements. Politically he was 
a Republican. 

His mother, whose maiden name was Emma 
Louisa Nash, was a daughter of Rev. Alvan 
Nash, for many years a Presbyterian minister, 
famous in the Western Reserve and founder of 
the young ladies' seminary at Willoughby, 
Ohio. He graduated at Williams (Massachu- 
setts) College, and came to Ohio in pioneer 
times. Mrs. Emma Louisa Blossom's mother, 
whose maiden name was Abiah Sheldon, was a 
native of Pittsfield, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Blossom, whose name introduces this 
memoir, graduated at the high school in Cleve- 
land and completed his school education at 
Brooklyn (New York) Polytechnic Institute, 
in 1870. In the autumn of this year he en- 
tered the employ of W. Bingham & Company, 
and was admitted as a partner in 1875; in 
1888 a stock company was formed to be known 
as the W. Bingham Company, and Mr. Blos- 
som was elected secretary, which position he 
still occupies. Since he has had this place busi- 
ness has grown from small proportions to one 
of the largest establishments of its kind in the 
United States, carrying on both a wholesale 
and a retail business. The location of the es- 
tablishment is on Water and Superior streets. 

In 1877 Mr. Blossom was married to Miss 
Leila Stocking, a daughter of Zalmon S. Stock- 
ing, and they have had five children, viz.: 
Dudley Stuart, Carl Woodruff, Henry Sheldon, 
Pelhani Hooker and John Theodore. Henry 
S. died at the age of two and a half years. Mrs. 
Blossom died in April, 1892, and in June, 
1893, Mr. Blossom married Eva Gillam Pin- 


son, of Atlanta, Georgia, a daugliter of the 
noted physician, Dr. Lewis M. Gillam of Geor- 

Mr. Blossom is one of the directors of the 
Ciiamber of Commerce of Cleveland, in politics 
he is a Republican and in religion a member of 
the Episcopalian Church. 


jILLIAM R. COATES, Deputy County 
1l\ff ^^^'"^ ^^ Cuyahoga county, was born 
-I '^ in Royalton, this county, November 
17, iSol, a son of John and Lucy (Weld) 
Coates. Soon after his birth his parents moved 
from their log-cabin home to Brecksville, where 
he was reared and received his education, which 
he continued at Oberlin College. At the age 
of seventeen he began teaching district school 
in the township of Brecksville, and continued 
for several years in cunnection with the man- 
agement of a farm. Subsequently he taught i 
high school at Independence, Ohio. Also he 
was a member of the Board of Education for 
seven years, and was influential in establish- 
ing the graded school of Brecksville — the first 
in the county outside of a village or city. He 
was also instrumental in establishing township 
superintendency, his township being the first in 
the county to adopt it. During the twelve 
years he was in the teachers' profession he did 
much institute work in this county, holding 
various offices and being twice its president. 

In 1884 he received the appointment of 
Deputy County Clerk, under Dr. Henry W. 
Kitchen, and continued there until after his 
election to the Sixty-seventh General Assembly. 
For member of this body he received his nomi- 
nation unexpectedly, — indeed it was a great 
surprise to him. At that time he was secre- 
tary of the Republican Central Committee, in 
which oflice he had gained a wide acquaintance 
as well as popularity, — a popularity probably 
much greater than he was aware of. In the 
election he ran considerably ahead of his ticket. 
While in the Legislature he was chosen secre- 

tary of the Cuyahoga county joint delegation, 
and was a member of the standing committees 
on Schools, Fees and Salaries, Temperance and 
Enrollment; and in all his relations here he 
did efficient work in the interests of the public. 
Since his term in the Legislature expired he 
has continuously filled the office of Deputy 
County Clerk. He has been very efficient in 
his labors for the political welfare of his county. 
State and nation. He is a member and Clerk 
of the Board of Education in Brooklyn village. 
Was active in his advocacy of the annexation of 
that suburb to the city of Cleveland, and was 
on April 2d elected Mayor by a large majority 
over a popular competitor. 

He was married in Brecksville, this county, 
in 1872, to Miss Lettie White, daughter of 
Julius and Harriet (Stone) White, and they 
have two children, — Herbert J. and Mary 
Weld, — and are members of the Congregational 
Church. The residence is on Greenwood ave- 
nue in Brooklyn village. 

llOTHAM POTTER, president of the Buck- 
A^ I eye Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio, is 
^f^ one of the most prominent and enterpris- 
ing of the younger men of the city. Some 
mention of his life is therefore appropriate in 
this work, and is as follows: 

Jotham Potter is of Welsh descent. His an- 
cestors settled in Connecticut in the .seventeenth 
century. Later, his forefathers removed to the 
neighborhood of Morristown, New Jersey, where 
the family has held the same property for eight 
generations, and furnished several distinguished 
officers of the American army in the war for 
independence, and the war of 1812. 

Mr. Potter is a native of the State of Ohio, 
and a son of the Rev. Dr. L. D. Potter, of Glen- 
dale, near Cincinnati, a man widely known in 
educational circles throughout the country. 
Our subject graduated with honors from Prince- 
ton College in 1877, and later received the de- 
gree of M. A. from the same institution. He 


had a strong taste for the natural sciences, and 
was selected by competitive examination as a 
member of tlie scieutitic expedition sent out by 
the Princeton Museum in 1877. For seteral 
years he was master in the noted Lawrenceville 
school, and subsequently read law, but prior to 
admission to the bar determined to engage in 
commercial affairs. 

He became identified with Cleveland and its in- 
dustries in the fall of 1881, when he made an en- 
gagement with the Brush Electric Company, to 
take charge of his business in Japan, China and 
other Oriental countries. After several months 
of practical preparation in the Cleveland fac- 
tories and in Mr. Brush's laboratory, he sailed 
from San Francisco for Japan in April, 1882, 
having been married in December, 1881, to Miss 
Helen Cary, eldest daughter of the late John E. 
Cary, of Cleveland. Although several English 
and French manufacturers had endeavored to 
get a footho'd in the Orient, Mr. Potter was, in 
fact, the pioneer of the electrical industry in 
that part of the world. He made his residence 
in Yokoliama, Japan, and within a year had 
built up a large and lucrative business. He 
made extensive contracts with the Japanese 
Government for lighting docks, arsenals, war- 
shipa, etc., and established the first central sta- 
tion electric lighting plants in .Japan and China. 

Mr. Potter's operations in oriental countries 
resulted in handsome profits to himself and his 
company, and as a result of the marked ability 
for affairs which he displayed, he was, in 1884, 
recalled to Cleveland to take the offices of treas- 
urer and director of The Brusii Electrical Com- 
pany, returning via India, Egypt and Europe, 
and thus completing the circuit of the globe. 
He was an incorporator of the Swan Lamp 
Manufacturing Company, and of the Short 
Electric Railway Company, both of Cleveland, 
and became vice president of the former and 
president of the latter. Until 1893 he took a 
prominent part in the management of the af- 
fairs of these and their subordinate companies, 
and especially administered their finances, be- 
coming prominently and favorably known in 

financial circles in Cleveland and New York. 
After the formation of the Electrical Trust in 
New York, he sold, in 1893, his interests in 
the various enterprises with which he had been 
prominently identified and retired from their 
management. At the close of the same year, 
however, he became president and a large stock- 
liolder of The Buckeye Electric Company, one 
of Cleveland's prosperous manufacturing con- 
cerns. He is also interested as a stockholder 
in Cleveland banking institutions and various 
manufacturing companies, being a director in 

Mr. and Mrs. Potter are members of the Eu- 
clid Avenue Presbyterian Church. They have 
two children, Mildred Day and Sheldon Cary. 

Mr. Potter is a Republican in politics. He 
is a member of the Cleveland Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Union and Country clubs, the Amer- 
ican Academy for the Advancement of Science, 
the University Club of New York, and President 
of the Cleveland Alumni Association of Prince- 
ton University. 

PjROF. J. ADAM RIMBACH, President 
of the Vorschule of Cleveland, Ohio, was 
born in Elyria. Ohio, October 6, 1871. 
His parents were Heinrich and Elizabeth 
(Brandau) Rimbach, natives of Hessen, Ger- 
many. The father was a cabinet maker by 
trade and located in Elyria in 1852, having 
come to the United States in 1851. He lived 
and died at Elyria after settling there. He died 
in 1878 at the age of fifty-four years. His wife 
died in 1881, at the age of forty-eight years. 
They were members of the Reformed Church 
while they lived in Germany, but on coming to 
Elyria they joined the Lutheran Church. They 
had a family of nine children, three of whom 
died in early life. Three brothers, Henry, Er- 
nest and George are residents of Elyria. John 
resides in Chicago. Anna, the wife of C. F. 
Freitag, resides in Elyria. 


Professor Riiul)ac;li was educated in Concordia 
Collej^e, Fort Wayne, Indiana, wliere he gradu- 
ated in the claas of 1890. He then attended 
the Concordia Tlieological Seminary of St. Louis, 
Missouri, where lie completed a course in June 
of 1893. In Septemher following he came to 
Cleveland, where he was ordained in the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church and assumed charge of 
Vorschule, which had been established a year 
previously, and is really in its infancy; how- 
ever, it gives promise of success. Tiie object 
of the school is to prepare students for entering 
tlie various colleges of the synod of Missouri, 
Ohio and other States. Professor Rimbach is 
assisted by Rev. O. Kolbe, who was formerly 
a pastor of the Newburg Evangelical Luther- 
an Church. In this school the pupils pursue 
all the preparatory studies, including Latin, 
English and German. Professor Rimbach has 
added to his duties English missionary work in 
Cleveland. He is a member of "The German 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio, 
and other States.'' 

Professor Rimbach is a gentleman of pleasing 
address and easy manners. He is a thorough 
student and has much aptness for his chosen 
profession. He has established a school in 
Cleveland which will prove one of importance 
to his church, and already there are evidences 
that the school will be of gratifying success. 

d I AMES S. STEVE^'S, one of Cleveland's 
; prominent and successful business men, is 
a native of Cambridgesliire, England, 
where he was born in the year 1843, the son and 
only child of Alfred R. and Mary A. Stevens. 
His parents emigrated to America in 1850 and 
located in Cleveland, where their son received 
his educational training in the public schools. 
The father died in 1880 at an advanced age, 
but the mother still survives, being a resident 
of the Forest City, where the major portion of 
her life has been passed. Alfred Stevens was a 

contractor and builder, and a skilled operative 
in the line of his profession, which he followed 
for many years in Cleveland. 

Our subject devoted himself for some time 
to tile line of work in which his father was en- 
gaged, becoming familiar with the details of the 
same under the effective direction of the latter. 
He later served an apprenticeship at the print- 
er's trade, in the oliice of the Plaiudealer, but 
subsequently his attention was again directed to 
mechanical pursuits, for which he manifested a 
marked aptitude and distinctive genius. For a 
time he was engaged in manufacturing, and 
while thus employed he gave evidence of his 
inventive genius, by the designing of special 
machinery for the manufacturing of cable 
lightning rods, with which products the estab- 
lishment supplied stock to George A. Baker, 
wlio was at that time one of the most success- 
ful and most widely known lightning rod 
manufacturers and dealers in the Union. Mr. 
Stevens was identified with manufacturing in- 
terests in the city of Cleveland for a period of 
four years, after which he went West. After a 
period of two or three years' unsettled location 
in that section of the country, he finally made 
a permanent location in Missouri, where he re- 
mained for three years, within which time he 
conceived the idea which eventuated in the 
inventing and patenting of the "Stevens Dish- 
washer," upon which unique and valuable de- 
vice he received letters patent July 20, 1886. 
This mackine he has since materially improved 
until it now stands at the point of maximum 
excellence as accomplishing the work for which 
it Wiis designed. 

Cognizant of Cleveland's position as a manu- 
facturing and trade center, and realizing tiie 
advantages to be gained by a location here, he 
returned to the city in 1887, and at once effected 
the organization of a stock company for the 
manufacturing of this dishwashing machine, 
which was soon thereafter placed upon the 
market, meeting with a ready demand, and 
eventually proving so popular as to extend the 
business of the company into the most diverse 



sections of the Union, and even into foreign 
eonntriee. Mr. Stevens is president of the com- 
pany, vpliose business affairs he has brought into ■ 
a most prosperous and substantial condition. 
In addition to this conspicuous enterprise, 
Mr. Stevens has also devoted much attention to 
the upbuilding of the city, no one man proba- 
bly having done more to bring about the sub- 
stantial improvement of East Cleveland. Upon 
his own responsibility he has secured land in 
that section of the city, has platted and subdi- 
vided the same and carried vigorously forward 
the work of erecting dwellitig houses of the 
better class, the cost of the same ranging in 
price from $2,000 to $20,000. Witliin the past 
six years he has individually erected an annual 
average of thirty-six houses in East Cleveland. 
Having perfected all improvements npon the 
various pieces of property, be places tiiem on 
the market, his efforts in the line redounding 
greatly to the benefit of the city. In this im- 
portant enterprise, Mr. Stevens constantly 
retains in his employ somewhat less than 100 
skilled mechanics. 

Aside from the conspicuous interests already 
noted, he has other important business relations, 
being a stockholder in each, the East End and 
Woodland Banks, the Union Building & Loan" 
Association, and the Permanent Building & 
Loan Association. Tiiese several interests are 
pointed out as being indicatory of the fact that 
Mr. Stevens is an active, successful and pro- 
gressive business man. 

In the year 1866 he was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary Champ, who died, leaving one 
child, Alfred J., who is now connected with the 
Cleveland Grease & Oil Company. In 1872 
our subject consummated his second marriage, 
being then united to Miss Ellen V. Anderson. 
They have had five children, two of whom, 
George and Helen, are deceased. The three 
living are Bertram J., Ernest L. and Dorothy. 
They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 

Our subject is a man of unassuming nature, 
devoted to his family, averse to public or po- 

litical notoriety, and yet, withal, is a genial, 
social spirit, whose friends are in number as his 
acquaintances. He is a lover of field sports, 
being acknowledged as one of the best wing and 
field shots in the city of Cleveland. 

The attractive homestead of the family is 
located on Amesbnry avenue, and Mr. Stevens 
has also a tine country seat, at Willoughby, the 
same being a farm of 120 acres. Here the 
family are wont to pass a portion of each 

fpl, if any, of Cleveland's representative men 
Ji 4- and honored citizens occupy a more 
^ prominent position than does Mr. Henry 

R. Hatch, head of the large dry-goods house of 
H. R. Hatch &. Company, successors to the well 
known firm of E. I. Baldwin, Hatch & Com- 

Mr. Hatch was born in the year 1880, at 
Grand Isle, Vermont. His father was Abijah 
Hatch, a native of Highgate, Vermont, and his 
mother was Abigail Lyon, who was born at 
Charlotte, Vermont, and was the daughter of 
the Rev. Asa Lyon, who represented one of the 
Vermont districts in Congress for two years. 

Mr. Hatch was reared upon his father's farm 
until he reached his fifteenth year, at which age 
he entered the store of John Brown, at North 
Hero, Vermont, he having had from childhood 
a desire for a mercantile life. But upon being 
installed in this his first position he found it not 
altogether a desirable one, and so returned to the 
farm, where he remained two years, all the time 
on the lookout for another mercantile position, 
and then secured a situation in the store of C. 
F. Staniford at Burlington, Vermont, promising 
his father, however, to return and assist him 
during the busy seasons on the farm as a com- 
pensation for time, as he was still under age. 
The embryo merchant remained with Mr. 
Staniford one year, receiving as compensation 
for his services $40 and his board. Next he 



was employed by S. L. Herrick, a dry-goods 
luercliaiit of the same city, at a salary of $125 
and board, and making Lis home with his em- 

After spending about eighteen months with 
Mr. Herrick, and although perfectly satisfied 
with his work and surroundings, and having 
every reason io believe that he was entirely 
satisfactory to his employer, as he was ofifered 
an interest in the business, — Mr. Hatch de- 
termined to come West, being imbued with the 
idea that here he would find greater opportun- 
ities for working out his future. Accordingly 
he purchased a ticket for St. Paul, Minneapolis, 
and on the 32d day of March, 1853, he started 
on his long journey. Upon his arrival at Cleve- 
land, en route, and having an acquaintance liv- 
ing in this city, whom he met, he was persuaded 
to remain over a day or two, and during his 
stay his friend's employer — Mr. Sackrider of 
the firm of Palmer & Sackrider, — accosted the 
young traveler with: " I believe you are seeking 
business, Mr. Hatch. Allow me to introduce 
you to a young man who is just embarking in 
business. Mr. E. I. Baldwin." After a brief 
conversation between the two young men, dur- 
ing which ideas were exchanged, and a mutual 
admiration formed, Mr. Hatch entered into an 
agreement by which he was to render his serv- 
ices to the firm of E. I. B ddwin & Company, at 
a salary of $500 a year, and his journey farther 
west was terminated then and there. Within 
three months Mr. Hatch was made head clerk 
of this thriving house, and at the end of two 
years and seven months was offered and ac- 
cepted an interest in the business. The amount 
of business transacted by the firm at that time 
(1856) was about $275,000 a year. The follow- 
ing year was the first of the noted financial panic 
throughout the country, and Mr. Hatch found, 
in company with his partner, a heavy weight 
upon his young shoulders, but he stood firm and 
passed through successfully. 

About 1860 the city of Cleveland began to 
secure a number of manufacturing concerns, and 
soon after tiiat, the war breaking out, business 

began to revive, and the financial prospects of 
the young merchant began to brighten. As 
early as 1866 the firm of E. I. Baldwin & Com- 
pany saw that the future would bring a great 
rtduction in values, and at once began to reduce 
the stock in their wholesale department, which by 
hard pushing was brought down to almost 
nothing. The judgment and foresight of the 
firm was amply demonstrated in a compar- 
atively short time afterward, and redounded to 
to their credit and ronnd standing both at iiome 
and abroad. 

In 1867 Mr. Baldwin, the head of the firm, 
on account of failing health was compelled to 
go abroad, and this threw the burden of tiie 
entire business upon Mr. Hatch. In 1856 Mr. 
S. I. Baldwin, father of Mr. E. 1., who was in- 
terested in the firm financially, withdrew from 
the same, and then E. I. Baldwin and Mr. 
Hatch constituted the firm of E. I. Baldwin & 
Company until during the '70s, when Messrs. 
W. S. Tyler and G. C. F. Hayne entered it, 
and the firm name was later changed to E. I. 
Baldwin, Hatch & Company. The above gentle- 
men subsequently withdrew from the business 
on account of failing health. The business 
continued to grow meanwhile, until it reached 
the magnitude of almost a million dollars an- 
nually, and other partners were admitted. For 
several years prior to his death the health of 
Mr. Baldwin was such that he was unable to 
give much of his time and attention to the busi- 
ness in general, and the details, of the same 
were left to Mr. Hatch and the junior partners. 
Upon the death of Mr. Baldwin, Mr. Hatch as- 
sumed all the responsibilities of the firm of E. 
I. Baldwin, Hatch & Company -taking Mr. 
Baldwin's interest and retaining all the junior 
partners with the exception of N. S. Jenkins, 
who was compelled to retire on account of fail- 
ing health. 

It is Mr. Hatch's aim and purpose in assiim- 
ing the business to conduct it upon the same 
high plan which brought such worthy success 
to the old firm, and to increase and extend it 
as the ntieds of the growing city of Cleveland 


require. Mr. Hatch has not conlined his at- 
tention altogether to tlie business of his firm, 
but has been and is at present connected with 
several well-known and successful institutions 
of the city. He was a corporate member and 
for several years one of the finance committee 
of the old Savings Society; was one of theorig- 
ginal stockholders and directors of the Cleve- 
land National Bank; one of the the original 
members and one of the fiuance committee of 
the Savings and Trust Company, and is Vice 
President and Trustee of Lake View Cemetery 
Association. He is also an active member of 
the Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Hatch is and has been for several years 
an Elder of the Euclid Avenue Presbyterian 
Church. He is Vice President of the Humane 
Society, and in tliis direction has rendered valu- 
able and lasting service to humanity. In 1890 
he purchased ground and on the same erected a 
permanent building for waifs at a total cost of 
$20,000, which is a memorial to his deceased 
wife and is known as The Lyda Baldwin In- 
fants' Rest. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Associated Charities of the Bethel, 
and continued to hold the membership therein 
tor many years, and was active in securing the 
building for that institution. He is also a 
Trustee of the Young Women's Ciiristian As- 
sociation. He is of a sympathetic and chari- 
table nature, and his donations to charity have 
ever been generous alike to organized institu- 
tions and to individuals. As a citizen he is 
progressive, wide and liberal in liis views, and 
is always to be found on the sound and conser- 
vative side of all public movements, lending his 
aid and influence to all worthy enterprises hav- 
ing for their object the welfare and building 
up of his adopted city and losing no opportun- 
ity of advancing and increasing her commercial, 
industrial and social importance. 

Mr. Hatch has spent two years and six 
months in Europe traveling with his family, 
during which time he visited all the points of 
interest upon the continent and the British isles 
and the Mediterranean countries, his travels ex- 

tending out of the ordinary bounds of tourists, 
particularly of business men, he visiting parts 
of Russia, Norway, Sweden, Egypt, Palestine 
and Greece. 

In October, 1857, Mr. Hatch was married to 
Miss Lyda Baldwin, of New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, who was a sister to the late E. I. Baldwin, 
and was a most estimable woman, and much be- 
loved by all who knew her. Her death occurred 
in May, 1886. Six children were born to tliis 
union, four dying in infancy. The living chil- 
dren are Alice G., wife of Charles L. Peck, of 
Cleveland, and Miss Anna L. 

In November, 1888, Mr. Hatch was married 
to Mary Cummings Brown, of Newark, New 
Jersey, and to their union one daughter has 
been born, Esther. 

[1 T. HILLS, attorney at law, Cleveland.— 
l\ Like most Americans, Mr. Hills is un- 
^ able to trace his ancestry through many 
enerations to some remote and distin- 
guished personage. He is a descendant in the 
fifth generation from one Charles Hills, who, 
coming from England, settled in New York 
city during the latter part of the seventeenth 
century. The family remained in New York 
State until our subject's great-grandfather, also 
bearing the name. Charles removed to Ohio, 
settling in the southwestern part of the West- 
ern Reserve, in the year 1820, with a portion 
of his family, including Thomas, grandfather 
of A. T. Charles Hills married Elizabeth Frost, 
who had come with her parents from Holland 
about 1760. Charles and Elizabeth Hills had 
nine children, of whom Thomas, the fourth, 
was born in the year 1794. He was married in 
1822, to Susannah Aumend, whose father, Adam 
Aumend, had come from Holland, and whose 
mother, nee Christina Albright, was a native of 
Wittenberg, Germany. These parents were 
married in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and later 
resided in Huntingdon, same State until 1820. 
Christina was a descendant of the family from 


whom the religious sect of Albrights took its 
name. Adam and Christina Anmend removed 
to Ohio, settling in 1820, in the northern part 
of liichland county, Susannah being then twen- 
ty-eight years old and the eldest child. Thomas 
Hills resided upon a farm in the vicinity of 
Plymouth, Richland county, which he entered 
from the Government in 1826 and cleared of 
its dense forest. Of their six children, George 
Albright Hills, the second born, was the father 
of A. T., whose name introduces this sketch. 

After attaining his majority Mr. George Hills 
remained with his parents, caririg for them in 
their declining years, and succeeded to the 
homestead, which he still owns and occupies at 
the age of sixty-eight years. January 5, 1854, 
Mr. George Hills married Sarah A. Jones, of 
Scotch and Welsh descent, her ancestors having 
come to this country during the Colonial period 
and actively engaged in the Revolutionary war. 
George and Sarah Hills had seven children, 
namely: Adin Thomas, our subject; Florence 
Elizabeth, Watson James, Artie Susannah, Mary 
Frances, Carrie Bell and Andrew Jackson, all 
of whom — both parents and children — are still 
living excepting Andrew, who died in 1890, at 
the age of twenty-two years; Florence and Cai-- 
rie are unmarried and reside with their pai-ents 
on the farm; Artie married James Gibson and 
lives in Salt Lake City; Mary is likewise un- 
married and resides with Artie; Watson James 
is married and is a resident of Laramie, Wyo- 
ming, where he is practicing law and speculat- 
ing in laud. 

Mr. A. T. Hills, the eldest of the family, was 
bjrn on the old homestead, October 20, 1854, 
and, like his brothers and sisters, was brought 
upon the farm, where he remained until of age. 
He completed his school days at the high school 
of the village of Plymouth, Ohio, during the 
winters when he was twenty and twenty-one 
years old, and thereafter taught a district school 
in the neigborliood for one term of six months. 
Determining to attend college he began prepar- 
ation by studying Latin and Greek, under tiie 
instruction of Rev. Howard S. Stough, now 

professor of languages at Midland College. 
He entered Wittenberg College at Springfield, 
Ohio, in 1876, and graduated in 1880, having 
completed a full classical course. 

In the following August he commenced the 
study of law in the office of Dirlam & Leyman 
at Mansfield, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar 
in May, 1882. In August he came to Cleve- 
land and began the practice of ids chosen pro- 
fession, opening an office at 219 Superior street, 
w'here he remained until the spring of 1884, 
when he formed a partnership with M. B. Gary 
and N. A. Gilbert, under the firm name of 
Gary, Gilbert &, Hills, located at 243 Superior 
street. In 1885 Mr. Gary retired from the 
firm, since which time the firm name has been 
Gilbert ife Hills. Mr. Hills has pursued a gen- 
eral practice, and has had charge of a number 
of important cases. He has met with success 
as an attorney, and has secured a Mmi place at 
the bar, being regarded one of the leading 
young members. He was one of the first at- 
torneys in the celebrated Reason Glass will 
furgery case at Ashland, Ohio. He wrote a 
small treatise, '• On Commercial Law,'" for use 
in schools and business colleges, which was pub- 
lished in 1898. 

Mr. Hills was married in June, 1886, to Miss 
Sarah C. Tucker, daughter of J. A. Tucker, M. 
D., a physician practicing at Plymouth, this 
State, and they have three children, — Homer, 
Myra and Harold. Mr. Hills is a member of 
the Second Presbyterian Church. 

^j^jEV. PHILIP STEMPEL, formerly pas- 
1^^ tor of the Protestant Evangelical Church 
JJ ^ at West Side, Cleveland, Ohio, was born 
V at Lambsheim, Germany, July 2, 1824. 

His parents, David and Frederica (Staehler) 
Stempel, died in the old country; they had three 
sons and two daughters, of whom' the subject 
of this eketcli was the youngest and the only 
one who came to America. 


Mr. Stempel was educated at Kaiserslantern, 
Germany, and came to America in 1849, set- 
tling at Brighton, Cuyahoga county, where he 
was a teacher and a pastor at the same time for 
four years. Desiring a broader field of work 
he removed to Cle^-eland, in 1853, where he 
was pastor of a congregation which met in a 
small frame building on Kentucky street. The 
corner-stone of the first house of worship be- 
longing to this society was laid November 28, 
1853, and the corner-stone of their next 
building was laid September 18, 1859; and 
the corner-stone of the present church edi- 
fice, where Kev. William Angelberger is 
pastor, was laid July 28, 1866. Mr. Stempel 
built and served in these three churches 
an aggregate of twenty-two years. He was a 
very successful minister, industrious in the 
cause of his Master. 

In 1875 he accepted a call to Hamilton, 
Ohio, where he served until some time in the 
spring of 1889, when, owing to ill health, 
he determined to spend the remainder of his 
lite among the scenes of his first labors. Dur- 
ing his ministry he baptized 5,301 persons, 
bm-ied 5,242, married 4,402, confirmed 2,770 
children, and administered communion to 11,- 
992 people. As a citizen he won the esteem of 
all who knew him. He was a man of large 
ability and an earnest Christian worker. In 
the Conference of the German Protestant 
Evangelical Church he was a prominent figure. 
Previous to his sickness, he had taken the 
deepest interest in everything which was de- 
signed for the advancement of the public good, 
especially in church channels. 

He was married October 25, 1853, to Miss 
Elizabeth Gerlach, daughter of Henry and 
Catherine Gerlach, natives of Germany, and at 
that time residents of Cleveland. lu the family 
were four daughters, namely: Katie, wile of 
George Rupp of Hamilton. Ohio, whose living 
children are Nettie E.. George S. and Waldo J.; 
Jennie, a graduate of Hope Seminary, Indiana, 
and is a teacher in the public schools of Cleve- 
land; Anna, who married Prof. Jesse Blick- 

ensderfer, resides at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
having two children, — Jesse and Raymond; 
Elise, now Mrs. W. Dringfelder, residing at 
Hamilton, Ohio, and has two children, — Louise 
and Willie. All the family are members of 
the church of their noble parents. 

i/ tor of the United German Evangelical 
*^ Church, corner of Bridge and Ken- 
tucky streets, Cleveland, Ohio, was born 
in Welschneurtuth, Baden, Germany, October 
20, 1844. His birthplace is located only a 
short distance from Karlsruhe, the capital of 
Baden, which was originally a French colony of 
Protestant people who had been expelled from 
France at the time the edict of Nantes was re- 
pealed, in 1685. His parents, honored resi- 
dents of that place, were Johann and Magdalena 
(Durand) Angelberger, both of whom are now 
deceased. Our subject received his education 
partly in his UMtive home, partly at Basel, 
Switzerland. Jacob Angelberger, grandfather 
of the subject of this review, was for many 
years Rathschreiber, or clerk of the town board 
in the colony noted. His maternal grand- 
father, John Durand, was a school teacher of 
that place for a long term of years, and after- 
ward held the position as principal of the 
school in one of the neighboring towns, Eggen- 
stein. A number of his pupils are residents of 
Cleveland at the present time. 

The father of our subject was a fresco 
painter, an artist in his line and a man honored 
and esteemed by all. He died in 1871 at the 
age of fifty-five years, and three years later his 
wife died, aged fifty-six years. William Angel- 
berger is the second in a family of five children, 
namely: Minnie, director of a kindergarten at 
her native village; our subject; Henry, who 
came to this country in 1872 and died in Wis- 
consin, at the age of forty-one j'ears; Carl, who 
is a contractor in Cleveland; and Fred, who is 
Mayor of his native town of Welschneureuth. It 


is worthy of incidental note tliat the father held 
a distinctive preferment in this village, having 
been a member of the Church Council, which 
was a position of much responsibility, whose 
tenure was a significant voucher for the ability 
of the official and for the confidence in whicli he 
was held in the community. 

Rev. "William Angelberger received his 
theological education at Basel, Switzerland, and 
was ordained to the ministry of the Lutheran 
Church at Weier, Alsacp, by Inspector Buec-li- 
senschuetz, who was inspector of the diocese of 
Lueghselstein. In 1870 our subject came to 
America, having been sent hither by the mis- 
sionary society of Basel. He located in the 
nothern part of Illinois, wlience lie later re- 
moved to southern Wisconsin, thence to the 
State of New York, and finally, in 1880, to 
Cleveland, where he accepted charge of his 
present congregation, working arduously and 
faithfully. His church was organized in 1853 
by Rev. Philip Steinpel, who remained in pas- 
toral charge until about the year 1876, when he 
accepted a call from Hamilton, Ohio. After 
his removal the church fell into unfortunate 
desuetude. When the present pastor assumed 
charge four years afterward, he had thus a 
heavy burden to bear, a herculean task to ac- 
complish, in rehabilitating the church and in- 
fusing new vigor into the work. In accom- 
plishing the desired ends he was altogether suc- 
cessful, bringing about the upbuilding of a good, 
strong and progressive church organization. 
Ihe church is the second oldest of its denomi- 
nation in the city of Cleveland, and its member- 
sliip represents about 350 families. 

The admirable success of the popular pastor 
of the church has been due to untiring energy 
and well directed effort, with the enlistment of 
tl)e hearty support of a kind and liberal-hearted 
people. On coming to America Rev. Angel- 
berger united with the Evangelical Synod of 
North America, to which he now belongs, being 
of the Ohio district. 

He was married in 1871 to Miss Lena 
Engel, daughter of George and Maggie Engel, 

who came from Alsace, Germany. Rev. and 
Mrs. Angelljerger are the parents of three in- 
teresting children: Minnie, Lillie and Lenchen. 
Two children, Willie and Carl, are deceased. 

The subject of this review is in nature and 
temperament much of an optimist, cheerful in 
disposition, courteous and scholarly and popu- 
lar with all who know him. He has traveled 
extensively, has seen much of the world and is 
broad and progrissive in his views, standing as 
a most worthy representative of the church of 
his choice. 

Y^^ a Presbyterian minister of Cleveland, 
IJ ^ was born at Granville, Ohio, November 
^ 18, 1822, now the only child living of 

Thomas H. and Charlotte (Bailey) Bushuell. 
The senior Bushneil was a civil engineer and 
surveyor, following his vocation until his death 
in 1838, at the age of forty- nine years. He 
was noted for his painstaking accuracy, in which 
he had great ambition, and this talent and dis- 
position he had inherited from his father, a 
graduate of Yale College. He was a prominent 
man both in his profession and society. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
has been a minister of the gospel ever since 
1850. As a pastor he had one place twenty- 
five years, namely, Fremont, this State; and he 
was pastor at Burton, Geauga county, Ohio, 
seven years; at present he is preaching only 
occasionally, having left the pastorate in 1882, 
on account of failing health. He graduated in 
1846, at Western Reserve College, afterward 
named Adelbert College, of which he is now 
secretary and treasurer, when that institution 
was at Hudson. To defray his expenses at 
college he learned the carpenter's trade, taugiit 
vocal music, etc. Toward the last of his school 
life he was principal of the preparatory school 
and then tutor in the college. On the organi- 
zation of Western Reserve University in 1881, 
he became a Trustee and Secretary and Treas- 


iirer of that cluster of institutions, having 
been a Trustee of Western Keserve College 
since 1861. He is a member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa and the Delta Kappa Epsilon societies. 
In his political principles he is a liepublican. 
He had an uncle in tlie war of 1812, and a 
brother in the great war of 1861, and he him- 
self assisted in the raising of soldiers for the 
last war, and during the last year of this strug- 
gle he was in the service of the Christian com- 
mission in the Army of the Potomac. 

In 1850 he married Miss Julia E. Baldwin, a 
daughter of Sylvester Baldwin, of Hudson, 
and tliey had four cliildren, namely: Eliza, 
wife of William A. Byal, of Findlay, Ohio; 
George B. of Cleveland; Albert, a clerk in the 
general Post Office Department at Washington; 
and T- H., a lawyer of Hurley, Wisconsin. 
Mrs. Bushnell died in September, 1856. and in 
1858 Mr. Bushnell married Miss Cornelia 
Woodrufl", of Mansfield, this State, and a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Simeon AVoodruff, and by this 
marriage there are three children, — Annie, 
Charlotte and Edward. Mrs. Bushnell has been 
very prominent in the church missionary 

Mr. Bnshnell's remote ancestry were English, 
and one of his forefathers was prominent in the 
early history of Norwich, Connecticut, and 
another invented a torpedo for the destruction 
of war vessels. 

EV. G. HEINMILLER, editor of the 
Christliche Botschafter, the German 
official organ of the Evangelical Associa- 
tion, was born in Albany, New York, 
October 15, 1853. 

His parents, Henry and Helena (Reich) Hein- 
miller, natives of Germany, were married in 
Hesse, and came to the United States in 1852, 
settling in Albany, New York, from whence 
they subsequently removed to Howard county, 
Iowa. Their removal to Iowa was in 1869. 
Henry Ileinmiller was a recruit in the German 

army, but was in no wars. After locating in 
Albany he worked at the trade of cabinetmaker, 
and upon going to Iowa he settled down to the 
quiet life of a farmer. He is still living, now 
in his seventy-fourth year, he having been born 
in 1820. His good wife passed away in 1892, 
at the age of sixty-eight years. Hers was a 
lovely Christian character and she was a devoted 
member of the Evangelical Association. Mr. 
Heinmiller has for many years been a member 
of this church. He is now retired from active 
life. They had a family of ten children, all of 
whom are living except two. The oldest, Jacob, 
who was a journalist in Albany, New York, died 
at the age of thirty-eight years; and the young- 
est, Emma, died at the age of fourteen. 

After attending the public schools in Albany, 
New York, and in Iowa, the subject of our 
sketch entered the Northwestern College at 
Naperville, Illinois. He also taught school one 
term, and while attending and teaching school 
he began the work of the ministry. In 1878 
he went as a missionary to Europe, and was at 
Dresden, Strassburg, and Reutlingen, having 
his home longest at the last named place. 
He was engaged as teacher in the seminary 
of his church for a period of six years, this 
institution being a missionary seminary in 

In 1891 Mr. Heinmilier was elected to his 
present position for a term of four years, by the 
General Conference of his Church, and was 
recalled from tlie old country. Altogether 
he spent thirteen years in Europe, six years 
as teacher and seven years as an itinerant 
minister. In the mean time, in 1883, he 
returned to America as a delegate to the Gen- 
eral Conference at Allentown. He was also a 
delegate to the General Conference of 1891, at 

Rev. Heinmiller is au imposing figure, of a 
stately physique and fine cut features, which, in 
connection with his genial disposition, brings 
him in favor with all who cultivate his acquaint- 
ance. He is a deep thinker, and has always 
applied himself with untiring energy to the 


Study of abstruse problems, and thus has gath- 
ered a rich treasury of kuowledge in many 
branches of science. He is particularly well 
versed in the diversified phases of dogmatics, 
and is perfectly conversant with ancient and 
modern literature and thought. He has served 
the church in various relations, such as Presid- 
ing Elder, editor of European publications, 
teacher, etc., and at this writing is editor of the 
Christliche Botschafter, the oldest, largest and 
most widely circulated religious weekly publica- 
tion in America. 

His sermons are logical, full of thought, de- 
livered in elegant language and a forcible style, 
and carry with them the force of convicticm. 
As a writer, he wields a fluent pen, and has the 
happy faculty of saying much in few words, 
always to the point and just what he means. In 
his private intercourse, he is rather backward 
and modest, which explains the reason why he 
had to be brought foith and pushed to a front 
position in his church. A man of deep piety 
and profound sincerity in all his relations with 
his lellowmen, he has before him the prospects 
of a grand future which waits to crown with 
success every character of merit. 

EORGE G. MULHERN, superintendent 
I of the Cleveland City Railway Company, 
is a most familiar figure in the ranks of 
Cleveland business men. He c-anie to 
this city thirty- two years ago from Cornwall, 
Ontario, almost a beardle.-s youth, and secured 
work as a day laborer on the street railroad, be- 
ing then built on Ontario street. His next job 
was as a lumber piler for Mr. Sturtevant, then a 
large dealer on the river. A grocery clerk- 
ship next offered itself to Mr. Mulhern, aud at 
this business he remained until 1863, when he 
became a street-car conductor on the West Side, 
and in 1S67 was promoted to the position of 
superintendent of the line. In 1870 Mr. Mul- 
hern was elected superintendent of the Rocky 

River steam railroad, and when it was sold out 
to the New York, Pennsylvania, & Ohio, eight 
years later, he returned to the West Side line 
in the same capacity. 

Mr. Mulhern is a thorough railroad man. 
Many and wonderful changes have been wrought 
in rapid transit for Cleveland under his pro- 
gressive regime. He has developed a great 
system of roads from a few small lines cover- 
ing what are now down -town streets. He is a 
man whom experience educated. The common 
schools put him in possession of a frail form, 
and work and experience braced it up and tilled 
in the necessary material to produce a practical 
and competent man. 

In 1889 Mr. Mulhern was elected unani- 
mously a member of the Board of Education, 
to till a vacancy. In politics he supports his 
friends for office, but on que^tions of State and 
national importance he is Democratic. 

In September, 1869, George C. Mulhern 
married Mattie, a daughter of W. B. Smith, 
from Linden, New York, who for sixty years 
was a resident of Cleveland, and in later life 
engaged in the undertaker's business. Two 
daughters are the only children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Mulhern: Mabel, a graduate of the Cleve- 
land high school; and Maud. 

EDWARD A. MERRITT, auditor and 
assistant treasurer of the Cleveland Stone 
1 Company, is a native of Marquette, 

Michigan, where he was born February 12, 
1862. He is a son of Daniel II. and Harriet L. 
Merritt. Both parents are residents of Mar- 
quette, Michigan, where they have resided since 
1857. For a period of about tive years the 
father resided in Cleveland. He was in the 
employ of the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Rail- 
way Company. He followed the railroad busi- 
ness until 1875, since which date he has been 
interested in the iron business in the Lake 
Superior district 


The subject of this sketch was reared in 
Michigan and educated in the higli schools at 
Marquette. He attended Racine College, Racine, 
Wisconsin, for a period of five years, and grad- 
uated at the preparatory school in July, 1879. 
In October of that year he came to Cleveland 
and took a course in the business college of 
Bryant & Stratton. He then returned to Mar- 
quette, Michigan, and in 1880 engaged in busi- 
ness with his father, with wiioin he was associ- 
ated until July, 1888, when he came to Cleve- 
land and engaged with tiie Cleveland Stone 
Company as auditor and assistant treasurer, also 
taking stock in the business, and since the above 
date Mr. Merritt has given his entire attention 
to the interests of this company. He was elected 
a director of the company in January, 1889, and 
still holds the same position. Mr. Merritt is a 
thorough and practical business man, and is 
well adapted for the position he now holds. 

December 15, 1886, Mr. Merritt married 
Matilda, the daughter of John Huntington, of 

[[ J ON". A. M. BURNS, of Cleveland, is a 
fpl son of the late Rev. Andrew Burns, of 
11 4i Chagrin Falls, Cuyahoga county. He 
^ was born February 27, 1840, in Richland 

county, Ohio. He attended the common and 
academic schools in the vicinity of his home, 
and, after several terms of school-teaching, be- 
gan the study of law at Mansfield, Ohio, in the 
office of his uncle, the late Hon. Barnabas 
Burns, and Judge Moses R. Dickey, now of 
Cleveland. He was admitted to the bar April 
8, 1861, at Columbus, Ohio. 

The Civil war being then at hand he enlisted 
as a private in the Fifteenth Regiment Ohio 
Infantry Volunteers, April 17, 1861, and served 
in the campaign of that year in the operations 
in Cheat River valley, and the battles of Phil- 
lipi and Ricii Mountain, which resulted in 
driving the enemy out of that portion of Vii-- 
ginia; assisted in recruiting and reoi'ganizing 

the regiment for three years' service in August 
and September; was appointed First Lieutenant 
and marched into Kentucky in October, 1861; 
served for a time on the staff of Brigadier Gen- 
eral A. McD. McCook as aid de-camp; com- 
manded his company in the battle of Shiloh, 
Tennessee, being twice slightly wounded, and 
was promoted as Captain April 30, 1862, for 
gallant and meritorious services in the battle of 
Shiloh; and took part in the siege of Corinth, 
Mississippi, being almost daily under fire until 
its capture. May 29, 1862. 

On June 8 he started on the long march to 
Chattanooga, Nashville and Louisville, where 
the army arrived in time to save from the 
enemy the rich military stores in that city, and 
to head oft' the threatened invasion of Indiana 
and Ohio; thence to Lawrenceburg, October 6; 
Dog Walk, October 7; and Perrysville, Ken- 
tucky, October 8, — on each of these days being 
eng.(ged in battle with the Confederate corps of 
General E. Kirby Smith. The march, now a 
pursuit, continued to Cumberland Gap, and 
ended November 7, 1862, in front of Murfrees- 
borough, Tennessee; and here the battle of 


Stone River was fought, beginning on Decem- 
ber 31, 1862, and ending January 3, 1863, in 
complete defeat of the enemy in one of the 
fiercest battles of the war. Mr. Burns rendered 
such services, in rallying and reforming the 
broken organizations and resisting the sweep- 
ing charge of the enemy on the first day of the 
battle, as to elicit the commendation of General 
Sheridan on the field in presence of the troops. 
The hardships and exposures of this campaign 
and battle prostrated him in a long and danger- 
ous illness, causing his resignation and honor- 
able discharge on March 23, 1863. 

The interval to May, 1864, he spent, so far as 
health permitted, in the recruiting service and 
in assisting to organize and drill the One Hun- 
dred and Sixty-third Regiment Ohio Infantry 
Volunteers, with which he marched to Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia. Here he served 
on staff duty as Assistant Adjutant General and 
Inspector in the Twenty-second Army Corps 
until, being ordered to the front with his regi- 
ment, ho arrived at Deep Bottom Bridge, Vir- 
ginia, about June 14, 1864, and took position 
in front of Petersburg at Fort Walthall, on the 
Appomattox river; was again detailed on staff 
duty as Assistant Adjutant General and Chief 
of Staff of the First Brigade, Third Division, 
Tenth Army Corps, Brigadier General Gilman 
Marston commanding. He rendered meritori- 
ous services in the campaign of that year in 
front of Petersburg, Virginia, being engaged 
in many of the battles and skirmishes in that 
vicinity, and was tendered an appointment as 
Assistant Adjutant General of United States 
Volunteers with rank as Major, but declined, 
and was honorably discharged from the service 
about October 1, 1864. At the close of the 
w-ar he was tendered and declined the commis- 
sion as Brevet Brigadier General of the United 
States Volunteers, " for faithful and efficient 
services during the war."' 

After his return from the army he located at 
Mansfield, Ohio, and there began the practice 
of law. He was elected City Solicitor for Mans- 
field in 1865, and again in 1867. In politics 

Major Burns has always been an ardent Repub- 
lican, and as such was elected to the State 
Senate in 1873, and again in 1875, from the 
Twenty-seventh and Twenty-ninth joint Sena- 
torial Districts of Ohio. His legislative career 
extended from 1873 to 1877, and during this 
period he was also a member of the Republican 
State Central Committee, of which committee 
he served for a time as chairman, and in 1876 
was elected one of the Republican Presidential 
electors for Ohio. While a member of the 
Senate of Ohio, he was distinguished as a legis- 
lator. He is the author of what is known as 
the "Burns municipal law" of Ohio, which 
law concerns municipal indebtedness, and has 
in its results given evidence of his wisdom and 
legal ability. In his annual message of 1879, 
Mayor William C. Rose spoke in reference to 
this law, sajiug, "The Burns law is an excel- 
lent auxiliary to effect the reduction of the 
municipal debt." A few years later Mayor 
R. R. Herrick referred to this law as having 
"saved the city of Cleveland from bankruptcy." 
Among the several bills which Major Burns in- 
troduced in the General Assembly, and which 
were passed and are still statutes of the State, 
reference is made to the law respecting bequests 
in wills to artificial persons, which has been 
effective in preventing disinheritance of natural 
heirs, in favor of artificial persons by unduly 
influenced testators. 

In 1877 Major Burns as agent for the United 
States Treasury went to England, taking with 
him $18,500,000 of four-per-cent. United States 
bonds, which were exchanged at the Rothschilds 
Bank in London, for seven-and-three-tenths-per- 
cent. bonds. Thereafter he served eight years, 
until the inauguration of President Cleveland, 
as special agent of the United States Treasury, 
Department of Customs, having charge of the 
district including the five great lakes, the Ohio, 
Mississippi and Missouri rivers, with head- 
quarters at Cleveland. He also had charge of 
the administration of the United States naviga- 
tion laws, embracing the above mentioned ter- 


On the day of the first inauguration of Presi- 
dent Cleveland, Major Burns resigned this 
Government office, "believing that Republicans 
should not hold oflice under Democratic admin- 
istrations, nor vice versa; that such holding is 
undignified and not conducive to the highest 
public good." He resumed the practice of law, 
and in 1889 was appointed first assistant City 
Solicitor for the city of Cleveland, and in this 
capacity he conducted with distinguished ability 
many very important cases on behalf of the city. 
On January 5, 1891, he was appointed City So- 
licitor and served as such until April 21, 1891. 
Retiring from this oflice Major Burns again 
engaged in the private practice of law, in 
which he stands amongst the most successful 
practitioners of the Cleveland bar. 

Prominent among the able clergy of the 
Roman Catholic Church in Cleveland 
stands the subject of this brief review. 
He is a man whose life work iias been a power 
for good, and in view of what he is as a man 
and of what he has accomplished it is particu- 
larly consistent that he find representation in 
the volume which has to do with the worthy 
residents of the city which has been and is the 
scene of his effective labors. 

Father Scanion, who is rector of St. Edward's 
Roman Catholic Church, located on Woodland 
avenue, was born in Huntingdon county, Penn- 
sylvania, January 13, 1830, the eldest in a fam- 
ily of three children, one of whom was killed in 
the battle of Williamsburg, May 10, 1862. 
While he was still in infancy his parents re- 
moved to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and there 
the early years of his life were passed. Here 
he secured his preliminary education. He at- 
tended several select schools while he was a boy 
and finally entered a printing office to learn the 
details of the " art preservative." While thus 
employed he embraced every opportunity af- 

forded him for prosecuting his studies. ' He at- 
tended evening schools, secured special instruc- 
tion in the classics and began the study of 
German and French. He pursued his collegiate 
studies at St. Vincent's Abbey, near Beatty's 
Station, Pennsylvania, and at Cleveland com- 
pleted his theological course. While thus at 
work he also devoted a portion of his time to 
teaching, and a number of his former pupils 
are still residents of the city, and occupy posi- 
tions of honor and trust. It may be noted that 
he came to Cleveland in 1856, and after remain- 
ing here for a period of three months he began 
teaching in the cathedral school, continuing to 
be thus employed for six months, after which he 
returned to his theological studies at St. Mary's 
Seminary, on Lake street. He was ordained to 
the priesthood by Bishop Rappe, June 26, 1859, 
in the Cathedral of Cleveland. 

Father Scanlon's first work as a priest was 
perfornsed at Akron, Ohio, where he remained 
for a period of fifteen years, his labors being 
prolific in goodly results and the permanent ad- 
vancement of the holy cause which he had es- 
poused. He then assumed a charge at Niles, 
Ohio, going there in 1873 and there continuing 
his labors until 1880, within which time he 
brought about the erection of the school build- 
ing of the parish. In 1880 Father Scanion 
returned to Cleveland and at once set about the 
work of building the present St. Edward's 
church and the rectory. Over this parish he 
has since remained in charge, a power for good 
and loved and appreciated by liberal and worthy 
parishioners. He has brought about many 
valuable improvements, and in no way has the 
work of the parish been allowed to flag. His 
devotion and earnest zeal will live long in affec- 
tionate memory, for the results are of more than 
mere fleeting and transitory order. 

There are represented in the parish of St. 
Edward's 350 families. The record of the last 
year (1892) shows the number of baptisms in 
the parish to have been 128; marriages, twenty- 
eight; and deaths, ninety-six. The church 
building, which is 125 x 65 feet in dimensions, 


is provided with all the necessary accessories, 
ami is architecturally of classic design. The 
parocliial school shows an enrollment of 400 
pupils, and six teachers, Sisters of Humility of 
Mary, are i-etained. There are five departments 
in the school, and the work accomplished therein 
reflects much credit upon Father Scanlon and 
upon the very capable instructors. 

In the exercise of his priestly functions and 
as a man among men Father Scanlon is held in 
bigli esteem for Lis many excellent qualities of 
mind and heart, and it is clearly demanded that 
honor be paid him in reverting to the work of 
the church militant in Cleveland. 

'j^ EV. PETER ETTTER, manager of the 
l^y' German Baptist Publication Society, was 
II 1^ born in Bavaria, Germany, March 28, 
^ 1837, a son of George and Mary Ann 

(Gindling) Kitter. His father, born in 1860, and 
a member of the Catholic Church, died in 1865, 
in the fatherland, his wife surviving until ninety- 
two, remaining also in the old country all her 
life. Of their twelve children only three are now 
living. George, our subject's brother, is a book- 
keeper in Frankfurton-the-Main; and Marga- 
ret, his sister, is the wife of Jacob Heilmann 
and resides in Kochester, New York. 

Mr. Peter Ritter, whose name begins this 
memoir, is the youngest of the children men- 
tioned. After receiving tiie usual public-sciiool 
training in his native land he came to America, 
alone, at the age of seventeen years, stopped in 
New York a few months, worked on a farm a 
few years more, and then attended the theologi- 
cal seminary at Eochester, from 1864 to 1867. 
His first pastoral charge was the German Bap- 
tist Church at Folsomedale, New York, three 
and a half years, then a similar congregation in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, live years, next the one at 
Eochester, New York, from 1875 to 1892, en- 
joying eminent success in the city of his alma 
mater, his church more than doubling its mem- 
bership and dividing into two self-supporting 

He came to Cleveland in 1892, being elected 
to his present position by the General Confer- 
ence of the German Baptist Churches. At 
present this publishing house employs twenty- 
two hands, and sometimes more than this num- 
ber. The office is at 959 Payne avenue, where 
the house publishes The Sendbote and the Ju- 
gend Herald, and does all kinds of job work in 
the printing line. The building is tliree stories 
high and furnished with all the modern equip- 
ments required. In regard to national issues 
Mr. Eitter has always been a Eepublican and a 
" protectionist." 

In 1857 he married Miss M. Maurer, in Mor- 
ganville, New York; she died in September, 

1891, at the age of dfty-six years, a member of 
the German Baptist Church. November 1, 

1892, Mr. Eitter married Miss Clara Maef of 
Eochester, New York, and also a member of 
the same church. She is a graduate of 
the Ladies' Seminary at Le Eoy, New York, 
and later in France, in languages and literature: 
was afterward, in France, governess for a time 
in the household of a nobleman. She has had 
much experience, and is proflcient in music and 
well advanced in general scholarship. By the 
last marriage there is one child, Paul by name, 
— the joy and pride of the household. 


HOMAS EOBINSON, attorney at law, 
Cleveland, is a native of New York city, 
where he was brought up and educated. 
At an early age he began the study of 
medicine, and graduated at the New York 
Medical College. After practicing medicine 
about six years, in New York city, he com- 
menced the study of law, and graduated in the 
law department of Columbia College, New 
York, and immediately thereafter began the 
practice of his life's profession. Following this 
in New York until 1872, he went to St. Paul, 
Minnesota, where he was soon afterward elected 
to the bench of the municipal court, which lie 
resigned after a time, as he had determined to 


change his residence. Since 1883 he has been 
an honored resident of Cleveland. He finds 
that his knowledge of medicine is of great use 
to him in his legal practice. He has been act- 
ing police Judge on two different occasions, and 
has already become one of the leading attorneys 
of the city. His office is room 23, No. 91, 
Public Square. 

Being a gentleman of esthetic appreciations 
and of high artistic talent, he started a move- 
ment for the incorporation of tlie Cleveland Art 
Club, drew up the articles of incorporation, and 
became one of the incorporators. Of this club 
he has been president three years, being the first 
to occupy the executive chair after its incor- 
poration: he is now vice-president. He has 
given much time to art, sketching and painting 
in both water and oil colors. Much of his 
knowledge in this line he obtained from the 
great Harper's Weekly caricaturist, Thomas 
Nast. Enthusiasm in the art grows with his 
age. He has been president several terms of 
the Avonian Shakespeare Club, an organization 
composed of critical lovers of the poet. Both 
himself and wife are members of the Emanuel 
Church, Protestant Episcopal, of this city. 

He was married in Xew York city, to Miss 
Ella J. Price, of that city, and they have one 
child, named Alice. Mrs. Robinson is promi- 
nently connected with the day nurseries and 
kindergartens, and has been for several years 
upon the board of management. 

If C. WALLACE, vice-president and man- 
k> I ager of the Cleveland Shipbuilding Corn- 
's^ pany, is a native of the city of Cleveland, 
where he was born in 1865. His father, Robert 
Wallace, is the subject of a sketch which ap- 
pears elsewhere within these pages. 

In the city of Cleveland the subject of this 
sketch received a fair education. Following the 
career of his father he very early in life took 
up the trade of machinist, spending three years 
at tills work, and then was placed in the draw- 

ing room of the Globe Iron Works, where he 
remained another three years. He next took 
charge of the drafting room for the Cleveland 
Shipbuilding Company, was promoted to the 
position of assistant manager for this company, 
and subsequently to his present position of vice- 
president and manager. Mr. Wallace is an 
active and progressive young business man and 
gives promise of a very successful business 

He is a member of the A. F. & A. M., be- 
longing to the Thatcher Chapter. 

In 1886 Mr. Wallace was married to Miss 
Elizabeth LaMarche. His home has fjeen 
blessed by the birth of two children, namely, 
James L. and Lydia L. 

Thomas Bradley, Sr., of Chagrin Falls, 
Ohio, engaged in the grocery trade in 
this town thirty-three years ago. He 
came to Cuyahoga county in 1856, where he 
afterward resided until his death. He was 
born in Birchington, England. He married 
Sophia Young and had six children, five of 
whom are now living, viz.: Frank, II. T., Alice, 
Helen and Thomas, Jr.; the other child, Minnie, 
died in her ninth year. The father died April 
12, 1892, at the age of seventy years. He was 
a successful business man, and accumulated a 
good property. Politically he was a Republican. 
The mother is still living, at Chagrin Falls, at 
the age of seventy. 

H. T. Bradley, senior member of the present 
firm, was born at London, England, April '.), 
1856. He was a babe when his parents came 
over the sea to this country and settled in 
Chagrin Falls. Here he was reared, receiving 
his education in the public schools of the town. 
At the age of fifteen he went into the store to 
assist his father, has grown up in the tra^le and 
has become a successful business man. The 
Bradley Block, built in 1893, is commodious 


and of fiue appearance, a credit to the town. 
The firm deal in staple and fancy groceries, 
queensware and flour and provisions. 

Mr. Bradley was married in 1880, to Cora 
Isaac, a daughter of James Isaac, and a native 
of Chagrin Falls, where she was reared and edu- 
cated. Mr. and Mrs. Bradley have three chil- 
dren — ^Maud, Bertha and Grace. 

Mr. Bradley serves as Township Treasurer. 
In political faith he is a Republican. He is a 
member of the I. O. O. F., Lodge No. 290, 
and of Encampment No. 113. He is also a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Thomas Bradley, Jr., junior member of the 
firm, was born in Chagrin Falls, October 26, 
1870, and was reared and educated here. Like 
his brother, he went into the store when a boy 
and grew up in the trade. He is a well in- 
formed business man, pleasant and affable to all. 

(r\ F. FRAZER, proprietor of the pioneer 
drug store of Chagrin Falls, has been in 
the drug trade here for thirty years. He 
was born at Russell, Geauga county, Ohio, 
March 23, 1846, is a son of Alexander Frazer, 
now of Chagrin Falls, who is a native of Scot- 
land, where he was reared and educated. At 
the age of twenty-one he came to the United 
States and was in New York city at the time of 
the cholera epidemic in 1832. Later he went 
to Oneida county. New York, where he was 
married to Susan Gates, a native of the county. 
She died in 1882, leaving six children, viz.: Jane 
M. Merrill, of Paines villa, Ohio; Charlotte L. 
Ellis, of Montour, Iowa; Ollie A. Burgess, of 
Tipton, Iowa; Calviu G., of Chagrin Falls; John 
W., of Bradford, Pennsylvania; and O. F. The 
father is still living, at eighty-two years of age. 
O. F. Frazer was reared and educated at Cha- 
grin Fails. All his life he has been a student, and 
lie graduated in 1883, on the completion of a 
five years' Chautauqua course. He has been very 
active and successful in business, and besides 

his tine residence he owns valuable business 
property in the town. He was one of the most 
active in bringing the first railroad to Chagrin 
Falls, and in insuring its success. He has 
served on the School Board and in the town 

He was married in 1869, in Genesee county, 
Michigan, to Mary J. Burton, a lady of intelli- 
gence and good family, who was born in Orleans 
county. New York, a daughter of R. N. Burton. 
Her mother's maiden name was Olive Foot. 
Both parents were natives of New York. They 
had ten children, six sons and four daughters. 
Tiiree of the sons were soldiers in the late war 
— Eugene, Frank and Lester. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frazer have three children — 
Lilian E., Donna Clara and Harley A. They 
are all well educated. Three children are de- 
ceased: Eva H. C, aged fourteen years; Wade 
M., aged three years; and Ora Evadne, a babe. 

Mr. Frazer is a member of the ]\Iethodi8t 
Episcopal Church, of which he is Trustee, has 
been active in the Sabbath-school work, and is a 
member of the I. O. O. F. He is a well in- 
formed man, and is public-spirited, taking an 
interest in all enterprises that have to do with 
the building up of education and religion in the 

BR. LeROY, M. D., physician and sur- 
geon of Chagrin Falls, Ohio, located here 
in 1885, where he has since been engaged 
in the practice of his profession. He was born 
at Sugar Grove, Fairfield county, Ohio, in Oc- 
tober, 1859. His father was C. A. LeRoy, born 
near Paris, France, of an old French family 
who traced their ancestry back to one of noble 
lineage, who had been prominent in the politi- 
cal affairs and wars of France. 

Our subject's father was reared and educated 
in France, and emigrated at the age of twenty- 
two to America. He married, in New York 
city. Miss Ellen Reynolds, a native of Ireland, 
and came to Ohio early in the '30s. They had 
twelve children, of whom Dr. LeRoy was the 



sixth. He received his primary education at 
the public schools of Zanesville, Ohio. From 
the age of eleven years he earned his own liv- 
ing, at various kinds of work. Inheriting from 
his parents a love of art, for some time he was 
engaged in art work. 

Doctor LeRoy was in his 'teens when he com- 
menced to study medicine in Rushville, Illinois. 
When at Cortland, Ohio, he began to read medi- 
cine under Doctors Atcliinson, Mayliew & Tliom- 
son, prominent and successful physicians of that 
place, and finally graduated at the Western 
Reserve Medical College, in the class of 1885, 
with credit and honor, and located in Chagrin 
Falls, where he has since resided, one of the pro- 
gressive and public-spirited men of the town. 

The Doctor was married in December, 1883, 
at Cortland, Ohio, to Miss Myra Coats, of Cort- 
land, daughter of Gilbert and Sarah (Lake) 
Coats. Both parents are now deceased. Dr. 
and Mrs. LeRoy have had three children: Verne, 
B. R., Jr., and Frank C. 

Doctor LeRoy is a member of Golden Gate 
Lodge, No. 245, Chagrin Falls, and of Chapter 
No. 152, is also a member of the I. 0.0. F. and 
of the Knights of Pythias, Lodge No. 146. He 
and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

CHARLES JACKSON, one of the leading 
citizens of Cuyahoga county, forms the 
subject of this biography. He is a man 
of natural ability and sterling integrity, and be- 
longs to one of the pioneer families of the 

Mr. Jackson dates his birth in Murrick, York- 
shire, England, March 5, 1829, and is a son of 
Row and Jane (Lonsdale) Jackson. They came 
to this country in 1835, and settled in Orange 
township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, with which 
place the family has ever since been identified, 
althougli the parents have long since passed 
away. Further mention of the family will be 
found in the sketch of C. L. Jackson, in this 

Charles was six years old at the time he came 
with his parents to Ohio, and here on his 
father's frontier farm he was reared and edu- 
cated, his education, however, being somewhat 
limited, as school facilities were not of the best 
in this vicinity then. Early in life he was 
taught that honesty and industry are the chief 
characteristics of a successful career, and to his 
early training he attributes much of the success 
he has attained. Mr. Jackson has resided on 
his present farm since 1856, which comprises 
174 acres, and the whole premises, from the 
buildings, the well-cultivated fields and the fine 
stock, to the smallest detail of his farming opera- 
tions, indicate thrift and prosperity. His, in- 
deed, is a model farm. 

Of his private life be it recorded that Mr. 
Jackson was married at Medina, Ohio, Decem- 
ber 15, 1855, to Ann Calvert, a native of 
Medina county, Ohio. Her mother was twice 
married, — first to a Mr. Cotingiiam, by whom 
she had three children, — Margaret, Christopher 
and Elizabeth. By her marriage to Thomas 
Calvert she had four children, — Ann, Jane, 
Mary and Thomas. Mr. and Mrs. Calvert came 
with their family to America in 1830. He died 
at the age of forty-eight and she lived to be 
sixty. Mr. Calvert was a local preacher in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jackson have four children: Frank D., Alice, 
Walter C. and Nelly A. Alice is the wife of 
Elias Stoneman,of Chagrin Falls township, this 

Mr. Jackson has long been an active worker 
in the ranks of the Republican party. He has 
filled various positions of prominence and trust, 
the duties of every one of which he has per- 
formed with the strictest fidelity. He served 
as Constable one year, seven years as Assessor, 
eighteen years as Justice of the Peace, three 
terms as County Commissioner, and eight years 
Township Clerk; was administrator for many 
estates, and is now member of the Board of 
Education, and has been identified with the 
same more or less for many years. For twenty- 
five years he has been a member of the Masonic 


fraternity, having his membership in Golden 
Gate Lodge, No 245, at Chagrin Falls. Person- 
ally he is a man of tine physique, is frank and 
jovial witli bis fellow-men, and is as popular as 
he is well known. 

E DECKER, a leading photographer of the 
city of Cleveland, with bis gallery at No. 
I 143 Euclid avenue, has resided in this 

city since 1857. He engaged almost immedi- 
ately in this calling upon coming here, and from 
that day to this his time and energy have been 
given to this line of business. He is through- 
out a proficient in his business, and confines his 
work to photographic and portraiture produc- 

He was born in the State of New York, de- 
scending from worthy parentage. Upon investi- 
gation of his ancestral history we are enabled 
to go back as far as the year 1669, to the birth 
of one Jacob Decker, of Holland. The subject 
of this sketch is a representative of the eighth 
generation descending from this progenitor. At 
a very early day those who first represented the 
family in the United States came to this coun- 
try, and lived in New York and New Jersey, 
where they have figured conspicuously in the 
various vocations of life, and their descendants 
have been many, and have scattered to many 
portions of the country. The paternal great- 
grandfather of Mr. E. Decker was Keuben 
Decker, who served as a soldier in the Eevolu- 
tion. He had a son, the grandfather of our 
subject, who was a captain of militia, and en- 
listed, and is known to have started to the seat 
of war in 1812, but for some cause unknown to 
the writer he was detained and we have no 
knowledge of his service in that war. 

The subject of this sketch is a son of David 
S. and Hannah (Van Aken) Decker, both of 
whom are deceased, having died in New York, 
where they lived many years. His youth was 
spent upon a farm, attending the district schools 
and gaining a fair common-school education. 
He was a close .student at school and early de- 

veloped a fondness for books; and being of ex- 
ceptional native ability he was, by means of 
close application to his studies, enabled to grasp 
a comprehensive knowledge of the subjects 
studied, and in subsequent life he gained, 
through the avenues of books, papers and busi- 
ness experience, a wide and extended knowledge 
of subjects of general interest. 

At the age of thirteen years he accepted a 
position as clerk in a mercantile establishment. 
Seven years was spent as a clerk, then he em- 
barked in business for himself. Four years was 
spent in merchandising. 

Very early he developed artistic talent, and 
becoming interested in photography took up 
the art upon the close of his four years' ex- 
perience as a merchant. Until 1859 he re- 
mained in the employ of others, when becoming 
proficient in photography he embarked in the 
business for himself. From the above named 
year he has continuously remained in this busi- 
ness. He is one of the oldest in the profession 
in the city of Cleveland, and no other photog- 
rapher, perhaps, has done a greater volume of 
business and executed better work. 

He is a prominent member of the A. F. & 
A. M. He was made a Mason in his native 
State on Christmas eve, 1854, the Kondout 
Lodge conferring upon him the degree. Subse- 
quently to his coming to Cleveland he demitted 
to Iris Lodge of this city, No. 229, and also be- 
came a member of Webb Chapter, No. 14, and 
of Cleveland Council, No. 36. He was an or- 
ganizer of the Masonic Club of this city. He 
is a member of the National Piiotographic As- 
sociation, of which he is a director, and he was 
its president in 1887. 

Politically, Mr. Decker has always been a 
stanch Republican. From the old Fourth ward 
he served as a member of the City Council from 
the year 1878 to 1882. Thus we see that in 
more than one way Mr. Decker sustains promi- 
nent relations. In his profession as a photog- 
rapher he has been conspicuous and also in a 
fraternal way, and besides he has served his 
people in important positions of trust. 


In February of 1857 Mr. Decker married 
Miss Julia English. Her father was Alexander 
English, a Scotchman of attainment. Mr. and 
Mrs. Decker have one surviving child, whose 
name is Grace E. The family worsiiip at the 
Second Presbyterian Church of this city. 

flOHlSr L. JOHNSON, a retired merchant 
J^ I of South Brooklyn, Ohio, is a man who 
^^ by dint of his own energy and good man- 
agement rose to a position of wealth and in- 
fluence, and is to-day ranked with the promi- 
nent men of the town. A brief sketch of his 
life is follows: 

John L. Johnson was born in Dutchess county. 
New York, February 20, 1825. His father, 
John Johnson, a native of Germany, came to 
America when he was about thirteen years old 
and settled in New York State, from whence in 
1836 he came to Ohio and took up his abode on 
a farm in Parma township, Cuyahoga county. 
He cleared and improved 100 acres of land 
there, and on that farm spent the rest of his 
life. At the time of his death he was ninety 
years of age. He was a member of the Free- 
will Baptist Church, and his political views 
were those of the Democratic party. Previous 
to his coming to Ohio he had married Margaret 
Lewis, a native of North Wales, but who was 
reared in Dutchess county, New York. She 
passed away some years ago. They were the 
parents of nine children, three daughters and 
six sons, all of whom grew up and married and 
reared families. 

The subject of our sketch was the third boru 
in this family, and was eleven years old when 
he came to Cuyahoga county. Being reared on 
the frontier, his educational advantages were, of 
course, limited; but his log-schoolhouse educa- 
tion has been supplemented by a useful store of 
valuable information gained in the practical 
school of experience. "When he was only fourteen 
years old he started out in life on his own 
account, his only capital being his willing 
hands and his determination to succeed. At 

first he worked by the month on farms, re- 
ceiving $7 per month. Then he went to Cin- 
cinnati and ran a huckster wagon, and later a 
canal boat. Finally, coming back to Parma 
township, he turned his attention to work at 
the cooper's trade. 

April 13, 1847, he married Angenette Acker, 
a sister of Mrs. Charles Gates and daughter of 
Nathan and Sarah (Kyser) Acker, who were of 
German descent and early settlers of Parma 
township. Mrs. Johnson was born in Livings- 
ton, New York, May 13, 1829, and was quite 
small when they moved here. 

In 1850 Mr. Johnson was one of the gold- 
seekers who crossed the plains to California, 
making the trip with pack-horses and walking 
1,200 miles of the distance. For two years he 
was engaged in mining in the various camps of 
the Golden State, and in 1852 returned East by 
way of Panama, landing at New York city and 
going from there to Philadelphia, where he had 
his gold dust converted into currency. He then 
joined his wife in South Brooklyn. In the 
meantime she had supported herself by her 
needle, working at the tailor's trade, and thus 
proved herself equal to the emergency, as did 
many other brave women during those days. 
In 1859 he went to Pike's Peak, and spent the 
summer there. In 1861 Mr. Johnson was en- 
gaged in farming. That year he turned his 
attention to the mercantile business in South 
Brooklyn, and for a period of twenty-four years 
successfully conducted a general merchandise 
store. Prosperity attended his efforts in almost 
everything he took hold of. To him much is 
due for the part he has taken in improving 
South Brooklyn. He owns in Cuyahoga county 
215 acres, in four farms. He built and owns 
the Johnson House, a credit both to him and to 
the town. He also built his own elegant resi- 
dence, and the one adjoining it for his son. 
This son, David M., is his only child. 

Politically, Mr. Johnson is a Democrat. He 
has served as Township Trustee, and has also 
filled other local offices. Fraternally, he is a 
member of Glenn Lodge, No. 263, I. O. O. F. 


In speaking of his California experience, 
Mr. Johnson remarks that in 1875 he made a 
second trip to the Pacific coast, this time behind 
the iron horse, the Journey being accomplished 
in six days, while he was months in crossing the 
plains and mountains tlie first time. 

rE. NOW, superintendent of telegraph 
and purchasing agent for the Cleveland, 
^ Lorain & Wheeling Railway Company, is 
one of those men whose genius and energy in 
various departments of railroad work have won 
tliem a place in the councils of the officials of 
the road. 

He was left an orphan in infancy, and while 
living with an uncle near Whipple, Ohio, he 
was in the habit of visiting the little station 
house of the Cleveland & Marietta Eailway at 
Whipple, and of picking up M-aste paper and 
carrying it home to use in his practice of pen- 
mansliip. On one occasion a piece of this paper 
contained the Morse telegraphic aipliabet com- 
plete, and lie set about whittling out a wooden 
key with which to practice liis self-imposed les- 
sons of learning that alphabet. He mastered 
the system without an instructor and at length 
surprised the agent of the station by calling him 
will) the company key one day in a mysterious 
manner. He was then invited by tlie agent, M. 
L. Palmer, to remain about the station and at- 
tend the instrument, which he did, with greater 
proficiency than did Mr. Palmer himself. In 
the course of time Mr. Now succeeded Mr. 
Palmer as agent at Whipple, and on leaving 
tliat point was transferred to Canal Dover as 
operator and agent's clerk. A later transfer 
took him to Massiilon, in the same capacity, 
and still later, in 1880, he came to Cleveland, 
as operator and private secretary to General 
Manager Oscar Townsend. He remained in 
that service till 1882, when he joined the West- 
ern Union Telegraph Company. In the office 
of his old employer matters were not in a satis- 

factory condition, and after one year's absence 
he was invited to resume his former duties, 
which invitation he accepted. 

January 1, 1886, a special notice was issued 
from the office of the general manager naming 
Mr. Now as superintendent of telegraph. This 
placed him in cliarge of all agents and telegraph 
operators. June 1, 1893, he received a new 
l)onor and greater responsibility by being ap- 
pointed purchasing agent for the company, the 
appointment authorizing him to contract for all 
supplies excepting stationery; the authority to 
purchase that was also given in a later notice. 
In reference to this matter the Cleveland 
Leader said: 

" In addition to Mr. Now's duties as superin- 
tendent of telegraph of the Cleveland, Lorain 
& Wheeling Railway, he has been appointed 
purchasing agent, a well merited promotion; 
and while he is yet a young man he is almost a 
veteran in service, having been continuously in 
the harness for twenty years, the last twelve of 
which have been spent in the office of the gen- 
eral manager. LTnder the former management 
Mr. Now had charge of responsible work unus- 
ual to superintendents of telegraph, and he held 
the higher position in the operation of the road 
than his title would lead one to expect. His 
good qualities are evidently appreciated by his 

The Massiilon American said: "Official notice 
has been issued, from the office of the general 
manager of the Cleveland, Lorain & Wheeling 
Railway Company, of the appointment of Mr. 
F. E. Now to the position of superintendent of 
telegraph, with headquarters at Cleveland. He 
will, under the direction of the proper officers 
of the Western Union Telegraph Company, 
have charge of all business of that company 
over his lines, and of all the Cleveland, Lorain 
& Wheeling telegraph offices, operators, sup- 
plies and repairs. It is only a few years since 
Fred handled the key at the company's office in 
this city and assisted the agent with his grace- 
ful pen and executive ability in conducting the 
ger and freight business. His proficiency 


and nianly qualities were noticed and appre- 
ciated, and this last is only another step on the 
ladder of assured future prominence in his 
chosen sphere." 

Mr. Now was born in Marietta, Ohio, July 
4, 1859, received a meager school training, and 
was only thirteen years old when he began his 
railroad career. His ancestors were German. 

Mr. Now is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity, belonging to Iris Lodge, Webb Chapter 
and Holy Rood Commandery, and also to 
Al-Koran Temple. He is unmarried. 

El D WARD D. HAYES, Secretary of the 
Department of Charities and Correction 
1 of the city of Cleveland, was born in this 

city, October 11, 1854. 

His father, Timothy Hayes, was born in 
county Limerick, Ireland, in 1831, came to 
America and established himself at Troy, New 
York, where he was employed for a time in the 
Troy arsenal. In 1849 a notion to move West 
took possession of him and he came to Cleve- 
land and was engaged in the grocery business 
for a time, and following this he was in the 
employ of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany until the outbreak of the war, when he 
responded for service and was assigned to duty 
in the repair and construction line in tlie tele- 
graph department. He was Captain of a com- 
pany of men for this service and remained in it 
till the close of hostilities. His was a most 
dangerous work, having to invade the enemy's 
country as a Federal soldier without protection, 
frequently, from the Federal army. He was 
twice captured, once by General Morgan. 

For many years since the war Mr. Hayes has 
been an officer of some Cuyahoga County 
Court as a Deputy, and was Superintendent of 
Construction for the Western Union Telegraph 
Company, building lines between Cleveland and 

He married, in this city, Mary Ann O'Neil, 
who was born in Herkimer county, New York, 

and now living at fifty-nine years, being four 
years her husband's junior. Their children are 
fourteen in number, Edward D. being the sec- 
ond, and nine are living. 

Edward D. Hayes secured a grammar-grade 
education at the city schools, and at seventeen 
became an employe of Talbot Winslow & Com- 
pany. On leaving this company he began learn- 
ing graining and hardwood finishing, complet- 
ing the trade and following it ten years. E. M. 
McGillin & Company souglit his services next, 
with whom he remained ten years as shipping 
clerk and salesman. He acceepted a position 
with Gallagher, Kennedy & Company in 1891, 
and remained till iiis acceptance of the secre- 
taryship above mentioned. 

Mr. Hayes is a member of Washington Com- 
mandery of the Knights of St. John, and for the 
past eleven years its Secretary; he is also Secre- 
tary of the Cathedral Branch of the C. M. B. A. ; 
and is president of the Knights of St. John 
Life Insurance Association. He has frequently 
represented his lodge at national and other con- 
ventions of the order. 

Mr. Hayes was married, November 22, 1882, 
in Cleveland, to Miss Anna, a daughter of Will- 
iam Gorman, of Hudson, Ohio. The result of 
this union is William, an only child. 

Kr\ A. BUTLER, Superintendent of the 
r?^ Cleveland Work-house and House of 
II ^ Refuge and Correction, was born in 
V Lansingburg, New York, January 21, 

1855. After attending public school there, at 
the age of fifteen years he moved with his par- 
ents to Columbus, Ohio, where he learned the 
trade of his father and grandfather, making 
brushes, and also took charge of brush contract 
at the Ohio pennitentiary. Subsequently he 
connected himself with the Cincinnati House of 
Refuge, where he introduced to the prisoners 
the art of brush making; and in 1877 he came 
to Cleveland as foreman of the Work-house 
brush factory until 1891. In May, that year, 



he went to Jefferson ville, Indiana, where he was 
Superintendent of the State prison; and in the 
summer of 1893 he returned to Cleveland, where 
lie now holds the position named at the begin- 
ning of this sketch. 

^AREHAM J. WARNER, deceased, a 
gentleman who was for many years 
most prominently identified with 
Cleveland's growth and development, and 
who was widely known and universally re- 
spected, was born in Burlington, Vermont, 
January 25, 1808. He was a son of Justus 
Warner, born in Hardwick, Massachusetts, in 
1774, who was a cabinet-maker by trade, emi- 
grated to Burlington, Vermont, but died in his 
native place, in 1866. Justus Warner was a 
son of Wareham Warner, of Hardwick, Massa- 
chusetts, after whom our honored subject was 
named. Justus Warner was twice married, for 
his first wife wedding Lovey Lane, and they had 
two children: Franklin, deceased; and Emily, 
now Mrs. Curtiss, of Hazelgreen, Wisconsin, 
the only surviving child. For his second wife 
he married Polly Sperry, and they have had 
four children, viz.: the late Mrs. Jane GifBn, 
of this city; the late Mary A. Warner, of Paines- 
ville, who left a donation of $5,000 toward a 
line-art gallery in Cleveland ; the late John F. 
Warner, of the old firm of Warner & Handy, 
one of the first commission houses in the city 
and the man who sent the first vessel, the John 
F. Warner, from Cleveland to England, and the 
man who brought the first canal-boat load of 
coal into the city, on which occasion it is stated 
he wheeled a barrow load up Superior street in 
celebration of the event; and the fourth and last 
child was Wareham J. Warner, our worthy 

The last named obtained sufficient knowledge 
of books to enable him to engage in the business 
of teaching, which he did on one or two occa- 
sions as a livelihood during the long New Eng- 
land winter months. He was apprenticed to 

learn the mason's trade an( 
years, becoming an efficient i 

served his three 
d reliable work- 
man. Becoming possessed of a desire to see the 
West, he started hither and in 1830 got as far 
as Black Rock near Buffalo, New York, where 
he was appointed superintendent of a glass 
works; and while there he met Elisha Sterling, 
who prevailed on him to come to Cleveland and 
erect a building for him. He consented, and in 

1831 came hither, and as a result the Cleveland 
and Sterling Block, where the National Bank 
Building now stands, came into existence. In 

1832 he married Miss Jane A. Morse, born 
January 18, 1812, a daughter of Benoni Morse, 
of Burlington. They returned to Cleveland, 
Mr. Warner became a permanent resident here, 
and his career as a builder began in earnest. 
From then until 1866, when he retired, Mr. 
Warner pursued his vocation uninterruptedly 
and with marked success. Much of his work 
still stands, and at this late date many of his 
buildings are among the important ones of the 
city. The custom house, erected in 1856; the 
First Presbyterian Church, in 1853; the Case 
Block, in 1866; the Payne Block, in 1854; the 
Oviatt Block, in 1835; the American House, in 
1836; the Kennard House, the Old Stone Church, 
the Lyman and Perkins Block, and the resi- 
dences of Younglove, Shelly, Hickox, Perkina 
and Payne, on Euclid avenue, all attest to his 
skill as a mechanic and a master builder. 

He could submit estimates with accuracy on 
excavations, woodwork, finishing, painting, glaz- 
ing, etc., as well as on mason work, and could 
execute the plans for all these departments 
without the assistance of a boss workman, if 
necessary. During the twenty-five years of his 
operations he was a member of the firm of 
Warner & Eld ridge, Warner & Witheral and 
Warner & Hurd, the last firm being the most 
prominent, and will be the best remembered of 
them all. 

Mr. Warner came to Cleveland with very 
little means. His contracts yielded him good 
profits and his capital grew into large figures 
rapidly, so that at his death his estate was esti- 


mated at §150,000. He found time to devote 
to matters not connected with his private inter- 
ests. He was for many years a member of 
the Discount Board for the Society for Savings. 
He was an officer in the volunteer fire depart- 
ment of Cleveland when water in buckets was 
passed down a line of men to the burning build- 
ing and empty buckets came back by the same 
means. He was one of the first members of the 
Cleveland Grays, now a prominent military or- 
ganization. Politically he was an ardent Whig 
and later a radical Republican. He was elected 
once Street Commissioner of the city, was two 
terms Infirmary Director, by popular vote, and 
in 1841 was elected to the Common Council from 
the Second ward, when Thomas Bolton was 
president of the council. 

By nature Mr. Warner was a sympathetic and 
and charitable man. He was generous with his 
means toward all worthy objects. During the 
severe winter of 1858, when the financial condi- 
tion of the country forced the laboring man to 
apply for public aid, he was active in organizing 
a relief society and in establishing a " Poor 
Store," where supplies were dealt out after the 
manner of 1893-'94. He was one of the founders 
of St. Paul's Episcopal church, erected in 1845, 
at the corner of Seneca and St. Clair streets, and 
was for many years a church Warden. 

It was Mr. Warner's good fortune during his 
eventful life to meet and shake hands with many 
prominent men, among whom was General Lafay- 
ette, whom he assisted in laying the corner stone 
of the Vermont University at Burlington, during 
his visit to this country in 1824-'25, which 
ceremony Mr. Warner again participated in 
nearly fifty years afterward; and he was also 
personally acquainted with Daniel Webster, 
Henry Clay, Charles Sumner, Abraham Lin- 
coln, General Grant and especially his own fel- 
low townsman, the lamented President Garfield. 

Mr. Warner was a powerful, robust, blunt, 
outspoken man. He had opinions on matters 
of public moment and expressed them without 
fear or favor when occasion demanded. His 
integrity was of such undoubted character as to 

justify financiers in advancing him large sums 
with which to complete contracts without the 
formality of security or personal indorsement. 
His nature was exceedingly domestic. His 
greatest personal loss was occasioned by the 
death of his wife, August 6, 1882, who had been 
an invalid for seven years. She was a devout 
Christian, and had been an active church 
worker; was the mother of ten children, only 
three of whom survive, namely: Mrs. Lydia 
Elvira Eees, who was born in 1834, and Febru- 
ary 7, 1855, married J. H. Rees, and became 
the mother of three children; Ella, the wife of 
Charles P. Scoville, son of Oliver and Adaline 
(Clark) Scoville: their two children are Olive 
and Kate; William F. Rees, born March 22, 
1858, was educated in Cleveland's public schools 
and in Brooks' military, and afterward read law 
with M. B. Keith, but never applied for admis- 
sion. In 1880 he went West to Colorado, and 
was engaged in the cattle business at River 
Bend, being associated with Captain ■!. E.Wet- 
zel, secretary of the Colorado Cattle Grower's 
Association. He returned to Cleveland in July, 
1881, and entered the Society for Savings as a 
book-keeper, and is now a teller of the institution. 
He married, in 1883, in this city. Miss Abbie 
Champney, a daughter of Mrs. Julia Champ- 
ney. His two children are Julia E. and Mil- 
dred D. Mr. Rees has been for a number of 
years actively and prominently identified with 
the Cleveland Grays, and has served in every 
official capacity except as Captain. He was one 
of the organizers of the Philliarmonic Orchestra 
and of the Cleveland Mandolin Club. Frater- 
nally he affiliates with the Royal Arcanum. 

Mrs. Rees' third child was James W., who 
died February 15, 1890, aged twenty-four years. 
Others sons of Mr. Warner are Theodore M. and 
Fred S., whose sketches are given elsewhere; and 
Dr. E. S. and Charles H., both deceased. 

Wareham J. Warner married for his second 
wife, December 20, 1882, Mrs. L. Mott, who 
still survives. He spent most of the following 
year traveling in the East, visiting his old home 
and other interesting points, and on his return 


home was called on to be preeent andactas pall- 
bearer at the oTtsequies of an old friend and pio- 
neer banker, Mr. Hartness. He did so and con- 
tracted a cold, from the eifects of which he died, 
December 1, 1883, after a brief illness. He was 
laid to rest in Lake View cemetery. 

CHARLES GATES, a retired miller of 
Brooklyn township, Cuyahoga county, 
Ohio, is a son of one of the early pioneers 
of the Western Reserve, and is probably as well 
posted on the history of tliis township as any 
other man now living. A few years ago, in a 
series of articles written for The Cuyahogan, he 
pictured most vividly the life of the brave pio- 
neers of this vicinity, drawing from his own rich 
fund of reminiscences and from tradition, show- 
ing the various phases of frontier life, the whole 
series being threaded with a vein of humor and 
being most interesting throughout. 

Mr. Gates' long residence in this township 
and the prominent part lie has taken in bring- 
ing about its present development entitle him 
to prominent mention among its leading citi- 
zens. A brief sketch of his life is as follows: 

Charles Gates was born in Brooklyn town- 
ship, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, February 23, 
1825, son of Jeremiah and Phebe (Deming) 
Gates, the former a native of Connecticut, and 
the latter of Delhi, New York, of Holland de- 
scent. Jeremiah Gates moved to Cuyahoga 
county, Ohio, as early as 1816. Here he spent 
the rest of his life, and died in the seventy-sixth 
year of his age. His good wife lived to be 
eighty-six. By trade he was a millwright. He 
built many of the sawmills in the county, and 
for more than thirty years was engaged in the 
milling business. In his articles in The Cuya- 
hogan, above referred to, Charles Gates makes 
reference to his father's mills as follows: 

"The sixth mill was built by father, Simeon 
Wallace and company on the AVallace farm, and 
was known as 'Mud Mill.' What gave it its 
name, has gone from me, but there is one little 
incident I shall never forget. It was my duty 

to carry father's dinner each day while working 
in the mill; but one day I played truant by 
suffering myself to be coaxed away by an older 
boy, going to the Cuyahoga river hunting wild 
ducks and not returning till about 2 P. M. My 
pants were thoroughly dusted by mother. I 
thought then, and still am of the same opinion, 
that I made the quickest time on record to the 
old Mud Mill.'" 

"Father erected a saw and grist mill on the 
farm I now occupy in the year 1836 or 1837, on 
a small brook entering ' Big Creek,' and known 
as a 'Thunder Shower Mill,' running when it 
rained and resting in fair weather, doing its 
share of sawing and grinding, as many old set- 
tlers can testify to." 

Jeremiah Gates was a man of sterling quali- 
ties. Indeed, few men in Brooklyn township 
were held in higher esteem than he. For more 
than forty years he was a faithful member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he 
held various official positions. Politically, he 
was first a Whig, and was afterward identified 
with the Republican party. For a number of 
years he filled the office of Justice of the Peace. 
He and his wife were the parents of four chil- 
dren, three sons and one daughter: John, who 
died at the age of seven years; Matilda, wife of 
the Rev. I. W. Fish (who was the first white 
child born in this township), died in 1849; 
Reuben, of Parma township, this county; and 
Charles, whose name heads this article. 

Charles Gates was reared at his native place 
and remained under the parental roof until he 
reached his majority, his education being ob- 
tained in one of the typical log schoolhouses of 
the period. In June, 1847, he married Miss 
Mary A. Acker, a native of Livingston county, 
Xew York, who came to Cuyahoga county. 
Ohio, when she was two years old. Her par- 
ents, Nathan and Sarah (Kyser) Acker, were 
both natives of New York and were of German 
descent. Mr. and Mrs. Gates have three chil- 
dren, two sons and one daughter, namely: La- 
fayette, Howard C. and Mary I., wife of H. H. 

^^^^ ^&j:^ 


Brought up in his father's mill, our subject's 
first business, when he launched out in life for 
himself, was to build a steam sawmill in Brook- 
lyn township. This mill he ran for over twenty 
years. During that period he shipped large 
quantities of lumber to various points and did a 
successful business. For several years he car- 
ried on farming, owning and operating a hun- 
dred acres of land. Disposing of that tract, he 
purchased the Brainard farm, a portion of which 
he has since sold. Mr. Gates and his brother 
Rubin, in 1876 or '77 built the Star Elevator in 
Cleveland, at the cost of $29,000, and operated 
it for sixteen months. It had a capacity of 
100,000 bushels. His son H. C. built a tine 
elevator in Brooklyn, at a cost of $9,000. He 
also erected his commodious and elegant resi- 
dence, which is supplied with gas and water and 
all modern comforts and conveniences. 

Like his worthy father, Mr. Gates has long 
been connected with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, having united with it when he was 
sixteen years of age and having since remained 
a consistent Christian, filling various Church of- 
fices and also serving as Sunday-school super- 
intendent. "When he became a voter he first 
identified himself with the Free-soil party. 
Afterward he joined the Republican ranks, and 
with the best elements of that organization he 
has since affiliated. Of the temperance cause he 
is a stanch friend. Indeed, all measures and 
movements which have for their object the ad- 
vancement of the best interests of the commu- 
nity are sure to find in him an ardent sympa- 
thizer and supporter. 

Such is an epitome of the life of one of 
Cuyahoga county's venerable citizens. 

most familiar figures on the streets of 
1 Cleveland is Edward C. Parmelee, gen- 
eral agent of the Humane Society. He was 
born in Claremont, New Hampshire, September 
28, 1826. Claremont was also the native home 

of his mother, whose father, — Rice, being a 
farmer and an emigrant from Connecticut, 
in search of more advantageous location wan- 
dered into the vicinity of this little New 
Hampshire liamlet and met and married his 
wife. After the birth of their daughter and 
only child, Mr. Rice, while rolling and burning 
log heaps as they did in those pioneer days, by 
accident fell into one and was burned to death 
in the presence of his wife! The young widow 
married some time afterward a Mr. Atkins, 
bearing him eight children. Seven of these were 
sons, each of whom was remarkable for his size, 
being more than six feet tall, and muscular ac- 
cordingly. Oneof the daughters married Ware 
Tappan, whose son. Mason W. Tappan, was 
New Hampshire's Attorney General, and was a 
member of the New Hampshire House of Rep- 
resentatives for several years. 

Recurring to the Parmelees, in tracing up 
their lineage we discover them to have been 
once and originally an order of the German 
nobility. As early as about the middle of the 
fifteenth century a German baron was attacked 
with a religious fervor which drove him to such 
enthusiastic demonstrations as to make it im- 
perative that he take up his residence in Eng- 
land. He spent the remainder of his life there, 
in the town of Guilford, and was the first Par- 
melee in England. It is certain that a descend- 
ant of this Parmeleee emigrated to America 
during Colonial days and settled in Connecti- 
cut, naming the town New Guilford. Here our 
subject's grandfather, Dan Parmelee, was born, 
from here he entered the Colonial army and 
fought her battles till independence was es- 
tablished, and here he died. His son "William 
is the character mentioned herein as having 
left Connecticut and married the Claremont 
maiden. In 1828 "William Parmelee was in- 
duced to come West with his family, locating 
for a brief period in Cleveland, going later to 
Summit county, and resided in Twinsburg till 
his death, which occurred in 1833. 

In this village the subject of this notice was 
educated under Rev. Samuel Bissell, a Yale 


graduate, vet living, in charge of the Twins- 
burg Institute. At eighteen years of age Mr. 
Parmelee returned to his native State, learned 
carriage trimming, and was employed at it till 
his return to Summit county in 1850. He soon 
embarked in merchandising at Solon, and was 
for many years one of the foremost merchants 
of the village. In 1879 Mr. Parmelee disposed 
of his mercantile business at Solou, came to 
Cleveland and engaged in the real-estate busi- 
ness. In 1881, upon the resignation of Samuel 
Job, Superintendent of the Bethel Associated 
Charities, Mr. Parmelee was found to be the most 
suitable man for the place, and was accordingly 
appointed. He proved a most eiiicient and pop- 
ular official and for six years controlled the dis- 
tinies of the institution. On the death of D. L. 
Wightman, agent of the Humane Society, Mr. 
Parmelee was at once made his successor, as the 
only available man amply qualified for such 
peculiar and important work. He has institu- 
ted some needed reforms as to the conduct and 
keeping of the records of the institution under 
ills charge, — the identity and history of every 
charge until its final disposition by the institu- 
tion. While a citizen of Summit county Mr. 
Parmelee served the public as their magistrate 
for a time, and while at Solon was its Post- 
master during the war. He was appointed by 
the court a member of the relief commission of 
Cuyahoga county, resigning August 1, 1892. 
The other children of William Parmelee are: 
Lucia, Mary, Fannie, Joel, Samuel, Sarah, 
Daniel, Harriet and Emily, a twin of our sub- 
ject. Emily married Judge Belding of Denver, 
Colorado, in whose name the town site of 
Omaha, Nebraska, was purchased, and who was 
subsequently Mayor of the city. He went to 
Denver early and was Mayor of that city, a 
member of the Legislature of the State and in- 
troduced and had adopted the Ohio code. 

In 1854 Mr. Parmelee married, in Cuyahoga 
county, Mary, a daughter of Squire Hathaway, 
a prominent farmer who settled here in 1816. 
The children of this union are: Emily C, As- 
sistant Superintendent of the Cleveland Asso- 

ciated Charities; and Carroll Hathawa_v, now a 
prominent attorney and citizen of Buffalo, 
Wyoming. He graduated at Grand River In- 
stitute, with the degree of Bachelor of Science, 
at Hiram College with the degree of A. B., took 
a B. L. course at Ann Arbor, and received the 
honorary degree of M. A. from Hiram College 
in recognition of his superior attainments. He 
is now Register of the United States Land Of- 
fice at Buffalo, Wyoming, and was the candi- 
date of the Republican party for Supreme 
Judge of his State in 1892. He ranks high 
as an attorney and a scholar, and is one of the 
rising stars of the new country. 

OF. McCLENTIC, of Chagrin Falls, Ohio, 
has been in trade here for twenty-eight 
years, and is the proprietor of the largest 
and most extensive dry-goods house of the place; 
it is the pioneer store of the town. The McCleii- 
tic Block, of which he is the owner, is one of 
the best business blocks in the town, built in 
1882. The ground floor is divided into two 
general apartments, one for dry goods and fancy 
goods and the other for boots and shoes. The 
large upper story is used for clothing, carpets 
and clocks. He carries a stock of §25,000 
worth of goods, of the best grades. 

Mr. McClentic came to Chagrin Falls when a 
young man, started in trade and did a good busi- 
ness for three years, when he lost everything by 
fire. He started again, from the foundation, 
but by perseverance, good business ability and 
fair and honorable dealings he secured the con- 
fidence of the people, and has built up a large 
trade. A number of his patrons have done 
business with him for twenty-eight years. 

Mr. McClentic was born in Portage county, 
Ohio, May 14, 1835, a son of William and 
Huldah (Case) McClentic. His father was a 
native of Massachusetts, one of the early settlers 
of Portage county, and died at the age of eighty- 
two years. His mother died in 1855, at the age 
of fifty-five years. They had nine children: 


Lucius, deceased; Martin; Abigail, deceased; 
William, John, O. F., Albert L., Franklin and 
Charles. Franklin was a soldier in the late war. 
O. F. was reared on a farm and received his 
education in the common schools. He was 
married in 1883, at Chagrin Falls, to Miss Jane 
Bellows, daughter of William Bellows, of that 
place. Mr. McClentic is a stockholder in the 
Chagrin Falls Banking Company, and vice 
president of the Chagrin Falls Manufacturing 
Company. He is one of the public-spirited 
men of the town, and a man of pleasing 
frank and cordial with all. 

^ J. McKINNIE, Director of Charities 
and Correction for the city of Cleve- 
land, was born in Austintown, Mahon- 
ing county, Ohio, July 8, 1831. It is believed 
that the original home of this family was Ire- 
land, that they afterward became citizens of 
Scotland, and during the period of colonization 
and settlement of America a branch of the fam- 
ily found its way to this country and settled at 
the forks of the Youghiogheny river above 
Pittsburg. It was from this point that one of 
them, our subject's grandfather, John McKin- 
nie, was commissioned Captain in the Colonial 
army and fought the battles of the Eevolution, 
returning only after the surrender of Cornwallis' 
army at Yorktown. This Revolutionary patriot 
died about 1807. He left Pennsylvania in 
1804, and moved to Youngstown, Ohio, where 
his son, Alexander, then about five years old, 
grew to manhood, and resided for fifty years. 
During the administrations of Presidents Pierce 
and Buchanan, Alexander McKinnie was 
Youngstown's Postmaster, but when not offi- 
cially engaged he followed the business of hotel- 
keeping. He married Nancy Dickinson, whose 
father was a native of New Jersey. Just prior to 
and for a brief period succeeding, the birth of Mr. 
McKinnie, his father kept a hotel at Austin- 
town; the last years of his life were spent in 

retirement. He died in Pittsburg, at the age of 
eighty-nine years. His children now living are 
three sons: Henry and J. T. McKinnie, propri- 
etors of the Hotel Anderson at Pittsburg; and 
the subject of this sketch. 

W. J. McKinnie's school days were very 
brief. He left home at the age of twelve years, 
and was never again known as a student. It 
was in December, 1843, that he went to Kins- 
man, Trumbull county, and began an appren- 
ticeship at the tinners' trade. At fifteen years 
of age he had completed his term as an appren- 
tice and was ready to do efficient work. He 
secured employment in Warren, and later in 
Youngstown, where at the age of sixteen he 
struck against a reduction in wages, and de- 
serted his trade. In casting about for a location 
he secured employment in a country dry-goods 
store, and was so employed for a year. He next 
accepted a position in a warehouse at Beaver, 
Pennsylvania; subsequently he was employed 
as a steamboat clerk on the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers till the spring of 1854, when he became 
a clerk and bookkeeper in the office of the Phoe- 
nix Furnace at Youngstown, Ohio, owned by 
Lemuel Crawford. One year later he came to 
Cleveland in tlie employ of Crawford & Price, 
coal dealers. He remained with them and with 
Lemuel Crawford till 1865, when his connection 
was severed for the purpose of forming a part- 
nership with C. H. & W. C. Andrews and W. 
J. Hitchcock, to engage in the coal business, 
the firm being known as Andrews, Hitchcock & 
Company. This firm is still in existence. 

Politically Mr. McKinnie is a Democrat, and 
his service to his party has been loyal and active, 
in recognition of which service President Cleve- 
land appointed him in September, 1885, Col- 
lector of Customs for the district of Cuyahoga, 
and in this capacity he served most efficiently 
until relieved in 1889 by the Republican ad- 

In making up his cabinet Mayor Blee se- 
lected Mr. McKinnie as his Director of Chari- 
ties and Correction, and he entered on his duties 
April 17, 1893. 


June 7, 1854, Mr. McKinnie married, in 
Youngstown, Elizabeth G. Haney, a daugliter 
of Joseph Ct. Haney, a manufactiirer and shoe 
dealer. The children of this union arc: Harry 
J., witli Andrews, Hitchcock & Company; Sa- 
rah A., wife of William H. VanAntwerp, of 
Albany, New York; I>iancy A., wife of H. E. 
Green, of Cleveland; Alexander, in the Public 
Works Department of this city; and Miss 
Mary H. 

Mr. McKinnie is one of the directors of the 
New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Eailroad, 
president of the Montour Railroad Company, 
and a director of the Imperial Coal Company. 
Fraternally he is a Royal Arch Mason. 

l/_l\ Postmaster for Cleveland, is a native of 
1/ *i Iowa county, Wisconsin, being born at 
"v^ East Arena, on April 18, 1851. Mr- 

Anderson's parents were George and Emma 
(Rendeell) Anderson, the father born in Ayres, 
Fifeshire, Scotland, February 20, 1819, and the 
mother born in Bridgeport, England. George 
Anderson was the son of a linen manufacturer 
and was taught the trade. When yet a young 
man he accepted employment with a prominent 
firm at Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, who were 
linen manufacturers, and with this concern he 
remained several years, and in 1847 returned to 
England, and one year later came to the United 
States. His first employment in this country 
was in a thread factory at Lansingburg, New 
York, but ere long he went to Wisconsin, to 
which State his father-in-law had preceded him 
and engaged in farming. His stay in this State 
was short, for he was soon induced to become 
manager of the thread factory at Lansingburg, 
in which he had been employed before going to 
Wisconsin. This position he held till 1865, in 
which year he became superintendent of a flax 
and linseed oil mill at Preston, near Gault, 
Canada. Three years later he accepted the po- 
sition of overseer of a shoe factory, at Valley 

Falls, New York. Mansfield, Ohio, became his 
residence in 1870, and in 1873 he removed to 

Along with him his son, the subject of this 
sketch, came to Ohio. The son was given the 
advantages of a fair English education in the 
village of Lansingburg and an academy at Rock- 
wood, Canada. At Lansingburg he learned the 
tinner's trade, which he followed when the fam- 
ily resided at Mansfield. For a time he had 
charge of a tin-shop at Oberlin, Ohio, but in 
1876 he came to Cleveland, which city has since 
continued his home. 

Upon coming to Cleveland, Mr. Anderson ac- 
cepted employment with Mr. H. B. Hunt, a 
manufacturer of tin and japanned ware. He 
proved a very valuable employee of Mr. Hunt, 
whose trade and business so increased as to place 
him among the leading and wealthier manufac- 
turers in his line. Mr. Anderson was soon 
placed in charge of the ornamental department, 
where he continued up to 1882, when he em- 
barked in a similar business for himself. His 
business enterprise was conducted with success, 
being discontinued at the time Mr. Anderson 
became Recorder for Cuyahoga county. 

In 1884 the citizens of his ward elected him 
to the Board of Education, on which board he 
rendered valuable service up to 1886. In 18S5 
the citizens of Cuyahoga county laid claim upon 
his services by electing him Recorder of the 
county, his term of office beginning in 1886. 
He was re-elected in the fall of 1888 by a large 
plurality. Thus again was given evidence that 
in his ability to till a position of high trust and 
responsibility the people reposed much confi- 
dence. He made an efficient Recorder and 
served in this office five years and three months, 
and when he still had nine months more of his 
second term to serve President Harrison com- 
missioned him Postmaster of Cleveland, in 
March, 1891. Entering upon his duties as 
Postmaster, Mr. Anderson again gave evidence 
of judgment and executive ability in the admin- 
istration of this large office. Many measures of 
reform in the local mail service were inaugn- 


rated and proved of happy results. In 1889 
Mr. Anderson was re-elected as an exponent of 
the tin manufacturers to represent thein at the 
Paris exposition, and in this capacity he ren- 
dered such services as distinguished him not 
only as a representative of the tin industry but 
also as a representative of the best and most val- 
uable type of the American citizen. Mr. An- 
derson is a prominent Mason, and also a member 
of the Western Reserve Historical Society. He 
is a broad-minded, progressive gentleman, and 
is warm and generous hearted. He has been a 
man of great usefulness and credit to Cleveland. 
In 1874 Mr. Anderson married Miss Hattie 
E. McGibeny, daughter of John McGibeny, of 
Mount Vernon, Oliio, and they have had four 
children, of whom three are liviuff. 


S. WOLFENSTEIN", Superintendent 
of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum at Cleve- 
land, was born in Moravia, Austria, in 
1841. He attended the public schools of his 
native town, also the gymnasium or high school 
at Eruenn, and afterward studied law and phil- 
ology at the University of Vienna. Mr. Wolf- 
enstein was ordained a minister, and in 1864 
began preaching in Insterburg, East Prussia. 
In 1870 he came to the United States; for the 
following eight years was pastor of a church in 
St. Louis, and since 1878 has served as superin- 
tendent of the Jewish Orphan Asylum of Cleve- 
land. His selection for the superintendency 
has proved a wise one, and his relation through 
all these years speaks well for the confidence 
reposed in him by the authorities of that noble 
institution. The asylum is located on "Wood- 
land avenue, and is, perhaps, one of the best in- 
stitutions of the kind in the United States. The 
building is of brick and stone, fire- proof, three 
stories high besides the basement, contains over 
100 rooms, and was erected at a cost of over 
$200,000. Ten teachers are employed, and at 
present the attendance consists of 470 pupils, 
their ages varying from five to fifteen years. 

Their course embraces the higher studies, and 
their training is both practical and theoretical. 
A kindergarten is also connected with the 
school. The pupils are taught trades or oc- 
cupations for which they seem best fitted. 
The grounds, consisting of ten acres, are beauti- 
ful and well kept, and are the pride of the city. 

Samuel Wolfenstein was married June 20, 
1865, in Breslau, Prussia, to Miss Bertha, a 
daughter of I. Brieger, also a native of that 
country. She died July 23, 1885, at the age of 
forty-one years. They had six children: Julius, 
a physician; Martha, at home; Leo, attending 
the Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore, pre- 
paring himself for a teacher in ancient classical 
languages; Laura, a graduate of the Cleveland 
high school; Joseph, w^jo died during the pres- 
ent year, at the age of seventeen years, was pre- 
paring himself for the profession of civil en- 
gineer: and Minnie, attending school. 

Dr. Wolfenstein is a genial, courteous and 
scholarly gentleman, and has great aptness for 

dl WOLFEJ^STEIJf, a physician and sur- 
' geon of Cleveland, giving special attention 
-^ to the diseases of the ear, nose and throat, 
was born in Prussia, Germany, in 1866, a son 
son of Samuel and Bertha Wolfenstein. His 
mother died in 1885, at the age of forty-one 
years, and his father is now superintendent of 
the Jewish Orphan Asylum of Cleveland, and is 
fifty-two years of age. (A sketcli of him is 
given elsewhere.) 

J. Wolfenstein, the first-born in the above 
family, and the subject of this sketch, received 
his education in tlie public sclnols of St. Louis 
and Cleveland, and in' 1886 graduated in the 
medical department of the Western Reserve 
University; he then served as an assistant in the 
Charity Hospital, of this city, nine months; and 
spent the following two years in Vienna, Aus- 
tria, where he studied the diseases of the ear, 
nose and throat under the leading physicians. 


Returning to Cleveland in 1888, he has since 
followed the practice of his profession. He is 
seci-etari' of tlie Cnyahoga Medical Society, also 
a member of the Cleveland Society of the 
Medical Sciences, and of the Ohio State Medical 
Society. Dr. Wolfenstein is well read and 
tiioroiighly posted in his profession, and has re- 
ceived the best advantages to be gained nnder 
the best instructors of the old country. He is 
in every way a worthy and respected citizen, 
carrying the confidence of those who know him 
as a citizen and in his profession. 

LEVI F. BAUDER, an attorney of Cleve- 
I land, is a son of Levi and Eliza (Phillips) 
1 Bauder. The father came to Cleveland 

in 1835, coming from St. Johnsonsville, Mo- 
hawk valley, New York. He descended from 
among the first German emigrants of Queen 
Anne's reign. His early ancestors in this 
country, it is believed, settled in New York in 
tlie year 1714. Later their descendants partic- 
ipated in the Revolutionary war, under General 
Herkimer, and the paternal grandfather of our 
subject was a soldier in the war of 1812. 

Levi F. Bauder was born in the city of Cleve- 
land, January 28, 1840, educated in the public 
schools of Cleveland, graduating at the Central 
high school in 1858, attended a military school 
at Port Royal, Virginia, and subsequently at- 
tended Oberlin College, after which he taught 
school for one year. Upon the breaking out of 
the Civil war, Mr. Bauder enlisted, in April, 
1861, in the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 
in which he served for three years and four 
months, making a war record as an excellent 
soldier. He was first a private Corporal, then 
duty Sergeant, First Sergeant and division 
Ordnance Sergeant, having been present at the 
engagements at Cross Lanes, Blue's Gap, "Win- 
chester, Strasbnrg, Cedar Mountain, Pope's 
Retreat, Manassas, Chantilly, Antietam, Cban- 
cellorsville, Gettysburg. "VVauhatchie, Lookout 
Mountain and Resaca. At the battle of Chan- 

cellorsville Mr. Bauder rendered valuable ser- 
vices by promptly furnishing ammunition to 
forces engaged in that position of the field, and 
thus enabling them to repnlse the enemy, vir- 
tually saving the day. At Cedar Mountain Mr. 
Bander did a brave and brilliant act in rescuing 
the colors of a Connecticut regiment, which, 
however, were stolen from him, and at the battle 
of Manassas he accomplished one of the most 
daring and yet innocent feats of the war. At 
this battle, in a moment of confusion, his divi- 
sion was separated from its command and lost. 
Sergeant Bander in an effort to join his com- 
mand took a certain course, bnt where it should 
lead him he hardly knew. He and his fellow 
soldiers, with their blue coats covered with 
dust, somewhat resembled in appearance the 
enemy with their coats of gray. This enabled 
them to pass through Longstreet's command 
with eighteen wagons and forty soldiers without 
being observed until they had almost reached 
their own command, when their identity was 
discovered by the enemy, who fired upon them, 
without effect, for their own command sent out 
a detachment which made safe their escape. 
This passing through the lines of the enemy 
was not intended, for they bad fallen in among 
the enemy not knowing really whither they 
were going. However, the feat was an unprec- 
edented one and nothing like it afterward oc- 

Mr. Bauder is a charter member of Memorial 
Post, G. A. R. ; is Past Colonel of Merwin 
Clark command, U. V. U. ; Colonel on the staff 
of the Commander-in-Chief of Union Veterans' 
Union; Secretary of Cuyahoga County Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Monument Association; member of 
the Masonic and other orders; ex-President of 
the Seventh Regiment Association ; ex-President 
of the County Auditors' Association, and was 
President of the Day on decoration exercises in 
1889. For five years he was member of the 
Public Library Board. 

Upon his return from war he was united in 
marriage, September 14, 1864, with Miss Eliza- 
beth Page, daughter of the late General C. W. 


Page, ex-Mayor of l^orwalk. Upon the con- 
summation of his marriage he settled down in 
Cleveland, and became chief clerk in the for- 
warding department of the Cleveland & Pitts- 
burg Railroad, in which capacity he served 
seven years. He was then bookkeeper for the 
Jackson Iron Company for five years. In 1879 
he was elected County Auditor, in which office 
he served two terms, being re-elected in 1880. 
He was then associated for several years with 
E. Day & Company in the iron-storage business. 
In 1886 he was elected Justice of the Peace, to 
which ofiice he was re-elected in 1889. Mean- 
while he studied law and passed a successful 
examination at Columbus in 1890, carrying the 
honors of a class of sixty-three. Now being ad- 
mitted to the bar, he located in Cleveland, and 
has since been actively engaged in a general 
practice of the law. Mr. Bauder is a friend of 
education, is especially fond of literature and 
history, now being a trustee of the Western Re- 
serve Historical Society. He has contributed 
to literature several well- received articles. 

CHARLES F. LEACH, Secretary of the 
Board of Education of the City of Cleve- 
land, is a native of the Empire State, 
being born in Utica, June 19, 1862. He was 
educated at the Westfield (New York) Academy, 
and in February, 1880, came to Cleveland. 
Here he read law in the office of Nefi & Neff, 
and in 1884 was admitted to the bar. 

Mr. Leach opened an office in this city at 
once and remained in practice until April, 1889, 
when he accepted the appointment of First As- 
sistant City Clerk. In the spring of 1892 he 
was tendered and accepted his present respon- 
sible position. He originated a plan for a sink- 
ing fund to pay the large indebtedness of the 
Board of Education, and succeeded in having a 
bill passed creating a sinking fund commission, 
and he is now Secretary of that commission. 
His services in formulating a new and compre- 
hensive system for the management of the busi- 

ness of the schools have received the public ac- 
knowledgment of the school director and have 
added much to his reputation. 

Mr. Leach is a representative Repiiblican, 
and he has attained some distinction as an or- 
ganizer; and he is known throughout the State 
as an eloquent political speaker. He is a son 
of William C. Leach, a manufacturer of Penn- 
sylvania, but now retired. Charles F. Leach 
married, in Cleveland, Lelia L., a daughter of 
T. C. Burton, of South Haven, Michigan, 
Their children are: William F., Roscoe C, and 
Amaryllis L. 

THEODORE M. BATES, son of the late 
Isaac Bates, of Cummington, Massachu- 
setts, was born in that town, March 19, 
1858. When only four years of age his 
father died, and with his widowed mother he 
lived in his native town, where he attended the 
common schools till he was thirteen years of 
age. In 1871 his mother became the wife of 
Mr. Lewis Ford, of Cleveland, to which city he 
at that time came. He resided with his step- 
father in what was then East Cleveland, where 
he attended the high school. He spent one 
year surveying with Mr. J. L. Cozad, and the 
next two years were spent in the office of the 
city civil engineer of Cleveland, who at that 
time was C. H. Strong. After 1875 he attended 
college at the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, completing his literary education. Dur- 
ing his vacations he read law under the in- 
struction of Judges Pennewell and Lamson. 
He entered the law department of the University 
of Michigan, and graduated in 1879, receiving 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Subsequently 
he was admitted to the Michigan bar, and also 
the Ohio bar, and located in Cleveland, where 
he was employed with the firm of Odell & Cozad, 
abstracters of titles, with whom he remained till 
1883, when the firm was dissolved. He became 
at that time a partner in the new firm of Mil- 
lard, Belz and Company which was then formed 


and later became Cozad, Belz, Bates & Company; 
this was incorporated in 1891, with a capital 
stock of 1100,000, under the name of the 
Cozad, Belz & Bates Abstract Company, for 
which company Mr. Bates became manager and 
attorney. The iirm is now of considerable im- 
portance and does a large and lucrative business. 
Mr. Bates was elected to the City Council in 
1890, re-elected in 1S91, and was for one year 
Vice President of the council. In 1890 Mr. 
Bates received an unsolicited appointment 
through Hon. T. E. Burton, member of Con- 
gress, as superintendent of Ohio for statistics of 
division of farms, homes, and mortgages, for the 
eleventh census, in which position he was em- 
ployed six months, having under his direction 
over forty men engaged in taking the above 
statistics in the different counties of the State. 
In April, 1892, he was appointed member of 
the Board of Equalization and Assessment of 
Cleveland, of which board he was president for 
the ensuing year, and he was re-appointed to 
the same office in April, 1893, for a term of 
three years, and is acting in said capacity at the 
present date, giving his entire time and atten- 
tion to the duties of said office. 

In 1882 Mr. Bates married Miss Olive Cozad, 
daughter of his partner, Mr. J. L. Cozad, and 
they have bad five children, of whom three boys 
and one girl survive. These children are Clif- 
ford, Stanlee, Eussell and Kosamond.' 

S. KERimiSH, an active and success- 
ful member of the Cleveland bar, was 
born in "VVarrensville, Cuyahoga county, 
Ohio, October 30, 1831. Mr. Kerniish was edu- 
cated at the Twinsburgh Institute, Western Re- 
serve College and Yale College, at which latter 
institution he graduated in 1855. 

Predilection led him to the study of law, 
which he pursued in the office of Ranney, 
Backus &, Noble at Cleveland, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1859, since which date he has 
practiced law in this city with abundant success 
and a constantly growing reputation. In the 

practice of law he has been associated in part- 
nership with some of the ablest members of the 
Cleveland bar. He has been identified with 
various Cleveland public and benevolent organ- 
izations, and indeed he is not only a represent- 
ative lawyer of merit and respectability but is 
also esteemed and respected as a citizen. 

He is a ripe scholar, being a constant student, 
and as a speaker he is of force and eloqiieuce, 
and hence is a strong advocate at the bar. 

ffj ARYEY D. GOULDER.— Among the 
fpH prominent attorneys, not only of the city 
Jl 41 of Cleveland, but of the United States, 
' Harvey D. Gonlder sustains high rank. 

He was born in Cleveland, March 1, 1853, as a 
son of Christoplier B. and Barbara (Freeland) 

Mr. Goulder's early education was obtained 
in the public schools of this city. In 1869, 
when only sixteen years of age, he graduated at 
the Central High School of the city. His 
father was a lake captain and young Gonlder 
even before completing his education became a 
lake sailor. Summer seasons were spent in sail- 
ing, and during the winter seasons he applied 
himself to study. He entered the law office of 
Tyler & Dennis and took up the study of law. 
Later he served for two years as entry clerk for 
Alcott, Horton & Company, dry-goods dealers, 
then, after sailing for a short time on the lakes 
as mate of a vessel, he entered the law office of 
the late John E. Cary, a leading administrator 
lawyer, who was for a number of years a mem- 
ber of the well-known firm of Willey & Cary. 
In May of 1875 Mr. Goulder was admitted to 
the bar and at once entered upon his profes- 
sional career, in which he has been deservedly 
successful. For a time he and Alexander Had- 
den were associated together, but for many 
years was alone. In the spring of 1893, how- 
ever, he admitted Samuel H. Hadding as part- 
ner, formerly of the law department of the 
"Big Four" Railroad. 

'■ney 0. i^au/t:^e 


Mr. Goulder has gained considerable promi- 
nence in his profession, and is esteemed as a 
lawyer of learning and an advocate of power 
and eloquence. In the practice of his profes- 
sion Mr. Goulder has made a specialty of mari- 
time and insurance law, and in these branches 
he has long since been acknowledged as a lead- 
er of the Cleveland bar, and the peer of any 
other in the United States. In nearly all the 
most important maritime cases arising upon the 
lakes his services are sought by litigants. It 
must be understood, however, that his mari- 
time practice is in the main confined to cases 
arising out of questions concerning lake navi- 
gation. At present Mr. Goulder is general 
counselor for the Great Lake Carriers, and in 
this position he has considerable and important 
practice for the Association of Cleveland Ves- 
sel Owners. Not only is he prominent in his 
profession but also has he taken conspicuous 
part in public affairs. He is a member of the 
Cleveland Board of Counsel, and for the last 
several years has been one of the vice presidents 
of the Cleveland Board of Trade. 

Not only is he a man of great intellectual 
power, but of excellent physical development. 
He is a line specimen of manhood, and has 
borne in mind the principle that to have a sound 
mind one must have a well developed physique. 

November 11, 1878, Mr. Goulder married 
Miss Mary F. Rankin, daughter of J. E. Ean- 
kiu, D. D., who was then pastor of the First 
Congregational Church, of Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia. 

RTHITR A. STEA.RNS, attorney at law 
though one of the younger members of 
tlie Cleveland bar, sustains a good repu- 
tation as a lawyer. He was born in Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, July 18, 1858, received 
his early schooling in the public scliools 
and attended Buchtel College at Akron, Ohio, 
at which institution he graduated in 1879. He 
then attended Harvard Law School, where he 

graduated in 1881, receiving the degree of LL.B. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1881 at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, where he has continued ever since 
in a remunerative practice. 

Mr. Stearns has been a trustee of the Buchtel 
College for a period of over ten years; was 
financial agent for this institution during the 
years 1887 and 1888, has always manifested 
great interest in and rendered much assistance 
to his alma mater. 

Mr. Stearns was married, in 1888, to Miss 
Lilian G. Piatt, of Giendale, Ohio. 

|r4 SON, attorney at law, was born in Cle ve- 
il 41 land, Ohio, April 19, 1844, received his 
"^ early education in the public schools of 

Cleveland and afterward attended the Western 
Reserve College, at which institution he was 
graduated in 1864. He then attended the Har- 
vard Law School for one year and was then ad- 
mitted to the bar, in September, 1866. He be- 
gan the study of law in the office of his father, 
with whom he commenced the practice of his 
profession in February, 1867. 

In the practice of law, Mr. Williamson was 
associated with his father for about two years. 
After 1869 he was associated with T. K. Bol- 
ton, the law firm being Williamson & Bolton, 
and was discontinued in 1874, after which date 
Mr. Williamson was associated with Judge J. E. 
Ingersoll, which association ended in 1880. In 
November of this year Mr. Williamson was 
elected Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
and served two years, resigning in September, 
1882, to accept a position with the New York, 
Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, as its attorney. 
In this capacity he has continued to serve this 
company, and in addition to his practice of law 
in the interests of this corporation he has done 
important corporation practice for other com- 
panies. As a lawyer. Judge Williamson sus- 
tains an appropriate rank in his profession. 


In 1878 Judge Williamson was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary P. Marsh, of New 
Haven, Connecticut, a sister of Professor Marsh, 
of Yale College. Judge Williamson has two 
daughters by this marriage. In 1881 Mrs. 
Williamson died, and in 1884 Judge William- 
son married, for a second wife. Miss Harriet 
W. Brown, daughter of Rev. S. R. Brown, D. D., 
of East Windsor, Connecticut, and by this mar- 
riatre there is a son. 

F. WHEAL, assistant superintendent of 
the Cleveland City Railway Company, 
and a gentleman, perhaps, without a rival 
as a builder of street railways, was by nativity a 
subject of the English crown, being born in 
Glonceslershire, old England, September 16, 
1843. He was a farmer's son and was equipped 
with a liberal education and a business experi- 
ence sufficient to enable him to compete suc- 
cessfully with his American cousin in the strug- 
gle for physical existence. In 1S67 he left 
England and came direct to Cleveland. He be- 
came interested in the construction of street 
railways almost immediately as foreman for 
Hathaway & Robinson, a prominent contracting 
firm of this city, who put in lines of railway in 
Toronto, St. Catherine's, Belleville, Kingston, 
London and St. Thomas, in Canada, Fargo, 
North Dakota, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Min- 
res ota, and, in the South, in New Orleans, Louisi 
ana, in the West, at St. Louis and Kansas City, 
Missouri, and Topeka, Kansas, and probably a 
dozen towns over Ohio, not including Cleveland. 
In this city they built the Payne avenue and 
Superior street lines, the St. Clair street and the 
Broadway and Newburg lines. 

Upon his locating permanently in Cleveland, 
Mr. Wheal was made assistant superintendent 
of the Payne avenue and Superior street lines, 
at first and for many years propelled by horse 
power, when it required 300 head of horses to 
operate them successfully. Mr. Wheal is a 

plain '-business" man, — keeps business and 
pleasure apart from each other and enjoys both 
equally well. 

Mr. Wheal is a son of Charles Wheal, who 
has one other son, now a farmer in England. 
The subject of this sketch married, in Racine, 
Wisconsin, Mrs. Mary Owen, and has three 
daughters, — Helen, Fannie and Frederica. 

Mr. Wheal is a member of the Red Cross So- 
ciety and a leading and valuable member of the 
Cleveland Gun Club. He was for seven years 
the champion of Ohio with the shotgun and won 
three prizes in succession in shots at Niagara 
Falls, Cleveland and Chicago, beating 149 men 
in one day in Cleveland. During their last shot 
Mr. Wheal won the first prize of the Cleveland 
Gun Club. Quail and pigeon shooting is Mr. 
Wheal's favorite sport. He has a record of 
having killed 1,123 quail in less than twenty- 
six days' actual work. In trap shooting his 
record is sixty-nine pigeons without a miss, — 
96 out of a possible 100. 

IfOEL WALTER TYLER, general attorney 
K I for the Cleveland, Lorain & Wheeling 
^^ Railroad Company, was born in Portage 
county, Ohio, and he has ever since resided in 
this State. In his early boyhood days he evinced 
a decided love for study and general reading, 
this characteristic being stimulated by his com- 
ing under the influence and tuition of a gentle- 
man who was a good scholar, thoroughly versed 
in literature, and had a charming faculty of 
imparting his knowledge to others. He took a 
very kindly interest in the young student, and 
embraced every opportunity to instruct him 
while in attendance at the school he then 
taught, and while attending an academy which 
opened in the neighborhood. Through these 
special advantages, and by untiring application, 
this boy, at the age of ten years, became greatly 
advanced in elementary education. H& could 
work out the problems iu the arithmetics then 


in common use, viz.: Daboll, Adams' new 
edition; and then there was Pike's arithmetic, 
a little antiquated, but full of intricate ques- 
tions, which were handed this boy by his in- 
structor to test his capacity for working out 
puzzles in arithmetic. 

Young Tyler was well versed in English 
grammar and geography. His friend above 
mentioned was a physician, and at about the age 
of ten kept him in his office and taught him 
physics, anatomy, physiology and chemistry. 
It was the wish of the boy's mother that he 
should fit himself for the medical profession. 
This he declined to do, although very fond of 
the study, but disliked the doctor's professional 
practice. In the meantime he commenced the 
study of Latin with a clergyman. He had 
thus been under private tuition and academical 
instruction until about the age of fourteen. 
At about this time he attracted the attention of 
a gentleman who resided near him, a surveyor, 
who had a great love for science, but at that 
time was termed a "free-thinker." He took 
the Boston Investigator, and had many infidel 
works, such as Tom Paine's Age of Reason, 
Volney's Ruins and other like works. This 
scientist engaged young Tyler, then in his fif- 
teenth year, to take the district school where he 
(the scientist) resided. The home of the boy 
while teaching was at the house of this gentle- 
man, who put into his hands many scientific as 
well as skeptical works. He especially in- 
structed him in the geography of the heavens. 
He could go out any clear evening and point 
out many constellations. Through these ob- 
ject lessons the boy received valuable instruc- 
tion. Notwithstanding young Tyler was so 
being surcharged with skeptical lore, he became 
convinced that the teachings of Christ should 
be followed, and claims to be a Christian to 
this day, although not in accord with denomi- 
national creeds. 

After completing the term of school for 
which he had been engaged, he immediately 
went to Hudson, then the home of the Western 
Reserve College, and entered a preparatory 

school for college, — first intending to take the 
whole classical course; but from studying nights 
his eyes failed him for a time. After recover- 
ing his sight he commenced studying in the 
scientific department of the Western Reserve 
College, and attended the scientific lectures of 
Professors Loomis and St. John delivered to the 
senior class of the college. He was confined in 
a dark room for about six months, but by the 
aid of an aperture in the darkened window a, 
person whom he engaged for the purpose was 
enabled to read his lessons to him, and in this 
way he committed rules and definitions in the 
Latin grammar and in mathematics. 

Geometry was his favorite branch of mathe- 
matics, and even after opening an office for the 
practice of law he kept geometrical diagrams 
hanging in his office, and often of a morning 
would go through the demonstration of some 
theorem therewith connected, and continued to 
give private instructions in mathematics. About 
this time, not being driven by clients, in con- 
nection with one of his pupils, he employed a 
native Frenchman to instruct them in the 
French language. Through this one, and some 
other instructors, he acquired some knowledge 
of this language. 

One of his pupils was Charles Wilber, after- 
ward State Geologist of Illinois. While Pro- 
fessor Wilber was delivering a course of lectures 
in Cleveland, Ohio, several winters ago, he got 
up a surprise party to Mr. Tyler, several of his 
old students coming to his house unexpectedly 
to him, but known to his wife, who served 
refreshments, and a very enjoyable time was 
the i-esult. 

When about eighteen Tyler commenced the 
study of law in Hudson with Esquii'e Wheadon, 
and continued studying with him over two 
years. Part of the time he was obliged to pur- 
sue his studies at night, while teaching days in 
the same place. Having so studied the re- 
quisite time required by law in Ohio for ad- 
mission to examination, Mr. Wheadon handed 
him a certificate entitling him to examination 
for practice, but at the same time advising him 


to enter an office where there was more general 
practice than lie had, Wheadon's specialty being 
equity and chancery practice, in which he was 
very proficient. 

Following this advice Mr. Tyler obtained ad- 
mission into the ofBce of Tilden & Rannej,' then 
in active practice in Ravenna, Portage county, 
Ohio, and studied with thera one year and a 
half, making his whole term of law study three 
years and one-half, and then he was admitted 
by the Supreme Court of Ohio to practice as an 
attorney and counsellor at law, and solicitor in 
chancery, in all courts of record of the State of 
Ohio. It may be here premised that he has 
since been admitted to practice in all the Fed- 
eral Courts, including the Supreme Court of 
the United States. 

After visiting the " west," as it was then 
called, that is, traveling over Illinois and Wis- 
consin, and looking around Ohio, Mr. Tyler 
finally concluded to locate in Garrettsville, Ohio; 
several lawyers who had started there had made 
a success, and this encouraged him to make a 
trial at Garrettsville. He practiced law in 
Trumbull, Portage and Summit counties, while 
having his oflice in Garrettsville; that is to say, 
he had a few cases in each of these counties. 

In the year 1851 Mr. Tyler removed to Kent, 
Ohio, then named Franklin Mills. Having 
taken considerable interest in politics, a con- 
vention for the nomination of State Senator, 
while being held at that place, through a com- 
mittee, offered him the nomination for the posi- 
tion of State Senator, Portage and Summit be- 
ing the two counties to be represented; it was 
allotted to Portage as being entitled to the can- 
didate. At first Mr. Tyler thought he would 
accept the offer, being flattered by what he then 
considered a high compliment. 

He was then making by economy a comfort- 
able living by his profession, and taking this 
matter for a few hours in consideration as to 
accepting this offer of candidacy, an anecdote 
came into his mind that he had recently heard, 
of the man who had been very poor, but finally 
started peddling, whereupon he improved his 

raiment and "fleshed up;" but, on being com- 
plimented for his improved appearance by an 
intimate friend, the peddler begged this friend 
to forbear such compliments, for while he ad- 
mitted he was living so well, it was h — 1 on his 
family! so Mr. Tyler declined going to Colum- 
bus on borrowed capital, to get good clothes, 
and feeding on luxuries while his wife and boys 
were poorly provided for. 

About the time he removed to Kent con- 
siderable interest in banking, manufacturing, 
railroading and other corporations was mani- 
fested. Mr. Tyler took a deep interest in sev- 
eral of these, and made corporation law a special 
study, drawing up articles of organization for 
independent banks, etc. 

About 1853 came an era in the history of 
this country for the projecting and building of 
railroads. A certain company was organized, 
named The Franklin & Warren Railroad Com- 
pany. All railroad company charters were by 
special enactment subject to the general law of 
1848, and this special charter was passed March 
10, 1851: it gave very extensive privileges. A 
company under it was authorized to construct a 
railroad to the east line of the State of Ohio, 
and extending in a westerly direction and south- 
westerly direction to connect with any other 
railroad within this State which the directors of 
the company might deem advisable, and also 
authorized to connect with any other railroad 
company, or consolidate its capital stock with 
such company, upon such terms as might be 
agreed upon with such company, authorizing 
the company thus chartered to connect with 
any railroad either within or without the State. 
The company having been organized and 
surveys made, by order of the court, its name 
was changed to the Atlantic & Great Western 
Railway Company. This was the Ohio portion, 
and afterward two other companies were organ- 
ized, one in Pennsylvania and one in New 
York, extending the line to connect with the 
Erie Railway at Salamanca, New York. What 
we wish, however, particularly to call attention 
to, is the fact that the subject of this sketch 


drew a mortgage deed or deed of trust of the 
Atlantic & Great Western Kailway Company to 
trustees, Azariah C. Flagg, of New York, being 
the principal trustee. This mortgage was given 
to secure the payment of $4,000,000 in bonds 
of different denominations; and while there had 
been other mortgages of railroads in Ohio, some 
of them very elaborate and lengthy, this mort- 
gage, which was drawn by the subject of this 
sketch, is said to be mainly adopted as the late 
form by most other companies, — of course with 
changes in conformity to the laws of the State 
of Ohio; and he has drawn several mortgages 
or trust deeds containing clauses of most de- 
cided importance applicable to this State, one of 
which protects the mortgaged property from 
being levied upon and sold for the payment of 
debts before the mortgage is due or any of its 
interest coupons. 

In 1853 Mr. Tyler commenced to act as the 
accountant, solicitor and attorney for this rail- 
road company. Finally the offices were re- 
moved to Mansfield, Ohio, and then he removed 
there, still in charge of the business of the 
company. There he remained until 1858, when 
work was suspended upon the road, and the 
organization was not fully kept up. 

He then removed to Warren, Ohio. Having 
been formerly intimately acquainted with Judge 
Mathew Birchard, late one of the Judges of the 
Supreme Court of Ohio, he entered into part- 
nership with him; but, political excitement at 
that time running high, he soon got into poli- 
tics, and being a Republican was called upon to 
deliver public addresses, and did make many 
speeches in favor of the Republican party. Up 
to and during the canvass and election of Lin- 
coln he spoke almost continually at some place 
in this State, in different counties; and in 1860 
he was nominated for Probate Judge of Trumbull 
county, — an office that then paid better than 
any other in the county, and it was designed to 
confer upon him a compliment for his efforts 
for the Republican party. He was elected that 
fall, the Republican party being in every way 

In the spring of that year he entered upon 
the duties of his office, but at this time the war 
broke out. Sumter was taken. The country 
was in great excitement and many of the law- 
yers of Trumbull county enlisted, but, having 
been elected to his office, although he was 
offered a Captaincy of a company in Trumbull 
county, he thought it his duty to continue in 
his office, inasmuch as some one must fill it, 
and the people of Trumbull county had selected 
him, and the office being a good paying office be 
thought best to continue in it. In his speeches 
which he made for the enlisting of soldiers he 
said that " the office which he held was subject 
to be turned over to any wounded soldier and 
lawyer who was competent to fill it;" and to 
show his wish to be true to his promise he 
faithfully carried it out, for notwithstanding he 
was nominated unanimously, and elected by an 
increased majority over all other candidates the 
second term, after he had held the office about 
one year only, a soldier and a lawyer, and sup- 
posed to be a good man, came home severely 
wounded. Brough was then Governor. Mr. 
Tyler immediately went to Columbus with his 
resignation, and a recommendation of the ap- 
pointment of Mr. Yeomans, who was the 
wounded soldier. Meeting Brough at the Neil 
House he offered him these papers for examina- 
tion. It might be said here that Mr. Tyler had 
had considerable acquaintance with Governor 
Brough while he was connected with the Belle- 
fontaine & Indiana Railroad, having met him at 
arious points where the two roads, i. e., the 
Atlantic & Great Western Railroad and the 
Bellefontaine & Indiana Railroad, were neai-ly 
competitors. Now Brough showed his " brough- 
ness," for, on presenting this resignation and 
this recommendation, he exclaimed that a 
resignation was in one hand and an appointment 
in the other, — the force of which the subject of 
this sketch appreciated better afterward than at 
the time. Being anxious to carry out his pledge 
to the people of Trumbull county, he did not 
appreciate the situation, and thereupon perhaps 
got a little offensive himself, in telling the 


Governor that lie (the Governor) would not only 
accept the resignation but would make the ap- 
pointment; thereupon the Governor smiled and 
passed out of sight. The next day Mr. Tyler 
called upon the Auditor of the State, with whom 
he was well acquainted, and told him what a 
mistake he had made, and how sorry he was for 
it; thereupon the Auditor said to him, " You 
hand in your resignation and also the recom- 
mendation of the ajipointmeut of your suc- 
cessor, and I will guarantee you that the resig- 
nation will be accepted, and the appointment 
made as you recommend; you no doubt pleased 
Governor Brough," and this prediction was 
fulfilled: Yeoraans was appointed and installed 
in the office. 

Soon after this the construction of the Atlan- 
tic & Great Western Eailway started up again, 
and Mr. Tyler was called upon to act as its 
general attorney. He then came to Cleveland, 
in 1865, and was appointed the general attorney 
of the entire lines from Salamanca through 
Ohio to Dayton. Feeling as though it was 
rather too heavy a load for him to carry alone, 
although very ambitious, he thought of Judge 
R. P. Ranney as assistant. During the time 
that he was student in the office of John Rau- 
ney at Ravenna, Ohio, he frequently met Hon- 
orable Rufus P. Ranney at the office of his 
brother there, and had frequently met him 
while he was acting as one of the Judges of the 
Supreme Court at Columbus; and he knew, as 
many knew, that Judge Ranney was unex- 
pectedly to himself elected judge, having run 
for the office contrary to his own wishes. Mr. 
Tyler sought an interview with Judge Ranney, 
and told him of his appointment as general 
attorney on the lines of road extending from 
Salamanca to Dayton, and solicited the judge to 
go in with him and act as counsel for the road, 
with the understanding that he was not to try 
cases in the Common Pleas Courts, nor other- 
wise unless of decided importance. Judge 
Ranney's reply was that he '• would consider 
the matter, and that the Supreme Court was 
going to take a recess at a certain time," — 

which was along in February, 1865. However 
that may be, Judge Ranney came home in Feb- 
ruary or March, 1865, aud immediately sent in 
his resignation as one of the judges of the Su- 
preme Court, entered into a partnership, or 
associated himself with Mr. Tyler, and they re- 
mained in connection with the business of that 
company until the final hearing on sale was 
had, somewhere in 1869, when Judge Ranney 
took the side with the bondholders of the first- 
mortgage bonds, and the subject of this sketch 
was the attorney of the stockholders, and also 
of the subsequent mortgagees. After the road 
was sold he was also the attorney of the receiver 
that was appointed. Various matters connected 
with this receivership, although extremely in- 
teresting perhaps to the country, and might be 
in this case, could be related here; yet, not to 
prolong the sketch, it may be stated that Mr. 
Tyler was the attorney of Robert B. Potter, of 
New York, who was appointed receiver, after- 
ward the attorney of Gould & O'Dougherty, 
receivers, until there was a disagreement be- 
tween McHenry & Gould; aud then Mr. Tyler 
thought that he was in duty bound to act for 
Mr. McHenry, which he did. Several very in- 
teresting passages might be related with regard 
to that matter, which would be interesting more 
particularly to tlie special friends of the subject 
of this sketch. 

At a meeting of a very large number of the 
stockholders of the company at Kent, Ohio, 
July 12, 1864, the following statement was 
made and adopted by them, which we quote here: 

" From the organization of the company, in 
1851, until 1858, Mr. Tyler acted in the official 
capacity of secretary and legal adviser, and dur- 
ing that whole period no steps were taken, in- 
volving an important legal question, without 
his counsel and approval; and, notwithstanding 
the severe ordeal through which the company 
was compelled to pass, involving a thorough 
legal investigation into its organization and all 
its acts, it has ever been able to vindicate itself, 
and has not lost a dollar by reason of thus fol- 
lowing the legal opinions of Mr. Tyler." 


About the time the Atlantic & Great West- 
ern Railway was sold and the new organization 
took place, the railroad company for which Mr. 
Tyler is at present the general counsel was or- 
ganized. Several of the persons formerly in- 
terested in the Atlantic & Great "Western Rail- 
way, having taken an interest in this new 
company, requested Mr. Tyler to act as its 
general counsel and attorney, which he concluded 
to do, and has been the general counsel and at- 
torney of the company ever since. 

The subject of this sketch has been a stanch 
Republican all his life, and has been a friend of 
several of the most distinguished persons of that 
party, — among them Senator John Sherman 
and James A. Garfield. He was an Elector 
during the campaign of 1880, and as such he of 
course voted for James A. Garfield for Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

Mr. Tyler's love of literature caused him to 
seek through Horace Greeley, with whom he 
was well acquainted, an interview with Wash- 
ington Irving. The works of Washington 
Irving had become extremely familiar to him, 
— so much so that he conld repeat verbatim 
long passages taken from some of his books, as 
Salamagundi and Knickerbocker and others. 
This love of Irving's and other literary works 
was stimulated by his boyhood instructor, to 
whom reference has been heretofore made. 

Taking Mr. Greeley's letter to Mr. Irving, 
he found him in a rather melancholy condition: 
he had not been writing for several weeks, the 
work he had in hand then being the last volume 
of the Life of George Washington. This letter 
being handed to Mr. Irving, he kindly received 
its bearer and conversation commenced. The 
introductory letter assuring him that its bearer 
was familiar with his writings made Mr. Tyler 
feel ambitious to verify that fact, and he com- 
menced repeating from the early works of Irving 
certain full passages; thereupon Mr. Irving be- 
came very merry, and said, '' Your instructor 
must have stimulated you into a great love of 
history," — and went on to talk freely. One 
remark is particularly worthy of mention: Mr. 

Irving said that, " having been abroad for sev- 
eral years in different countries of Europe, when 
I walk along Broadway it reminds me of a 
boiling cauldron, in which the nationalities of 
the earth are being boiled together in one mass, 
and a new people, a new class of humanity is 
the result, — the ' Great American People,' — 
which in my judgment will ultimately excel all 
other peoples upon the earth." It seems that 
Irving made minutes of certain things that 
occurred (which he did in this case), and por- 
tions of this conversation have been published 
in his life and letters. This interview is one of 
the events of which the subject of this sketch 
is decidedly proud. 

Pierre Irving, a nephew of Washington 
Irving, rode from Irvington to New York with 
Mr. Tyler, and he said on the way that " the 
interview was very opportune, for his uncle's 
spirits had been in that way revived, and he 
seemed to feel better than he had for several 
weeks; and he said, 'I am going to work." 
Mr. Pierre Irving further said, " You came 
there as a private citizen, as an admirer of Mr. 
Irving's works, and showed him most decidedly 
that you were acquainted with them, and loved 
Irving for his works; and it seemed to do him 
good. Many had come to him with their books 
to have them dedicated to him, or have him 
write his name in them, and he became dis- 
gusted with that class of visitors." 

Mr. Tyler is still actively engaged in attend- 
ing to the business of his profession. His 
duties as general counsel of the Cleveland, 
Lorain & Wheeling Railroad Company demand 
his special attention, but in connection with his 
son, William B. Tyler, he is engaged in general 
practice of the law. 

The subject of this sketch was first married 
to Miss Nancy V. Horr, who died within a few 
years after their marriage. By her he had one 
son, since deceased. His second marriage was 
to Miss Sarah A. McKinney, with whom he 
lived many years. By her he had two sons: 
Charles W. Tyler, now residing in New York 
city, by profession a journalist; and William 



B. Tyler, now practicing law with him in 
Cleveland, Ohio. He has again married, this 
time the widow of Mr. James B. Parish, de- 
ceased, she having been a scholar of his when a 
young girl, and her name Miss Emer I. Waite, 
and for whom he had entertained kindly regards, 
especially as she and his former wife were inti- 
mate friends. 

TjOSHUA B. GLENN, a prominent real- 
^^-Ji estate dealer of Cleveland, was horn in 

^ Ashland county, Ohio, February 16, 1833, 
a son of Joshua Glenn. The latter was born in 
Havre de Grace, Maryland, in 1794. His 
grandfather, Norman Glenn, was a native of 
the north of Ireland, but of Scotch descent. He 
braved the trials and dangers of a life in Colo- 
nial America to enjoy religious and other liber- 
ties. He was probably an officer in the Colonial 
armv during the Revolutionary war, and after- 
ward an officer in a civil capacity. His son, 
John Glenn, married a Miss Streater, and they 
had live children. The family subsequently lo- 
cated in Wooster and Jeromesville, Ohio, where 
they were engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
John Glenn died in Ashland county, this State, 
in 1852, at the age of eighty-four years. His 
son, Joshua Glenn, the father of Joshua B., was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, with England, un- 
der General Winfield Scott, and was stationed 
principally at Baltimore. After his discharge 
he came to Ohio in search of a western home, 
pitching his tent in Ashland county in 1814. 
He settled in the dense forest, out of which he 
grubbed a farm, and his nearest neighbor was 
then two miles distant. Mr. Glenn married 
Sarah Beatty, a native of Maryland, and they 
had the following children: Robert, deceased; 
John, who died from a disease contracted in the 
army; William, in Ashland county; James, 
who also died from the effects of army service; 
Elizabeth J., wife of Dr. Cowen, of Ashland 
county; Mary, deceased at the age of twenty 

years; Joshua B., whose name introduces this 
notice; and Nicholas, a farmer of Jeromesville, 

J. B. Glenn, the subject of this sketch, re- 
mained on the home farm until twenty-one years 
of age. He was then employed as clerk by 
Robert McMahon, of Jeromesville, one year, 
and dui-ing the following year was engaged in 
the same occupation for the dry-goods firm of 
D. H. King & Company, of "Wooster, Ohio. 
September 2, 1858, he came to Cleveland, 
where he was engaged in the commission busi- 
ness for a time, afterward conducted a retail 
establishment on Ontario street, and ne.xt en- 
tered the jobbing foreign and domestic fruit trade. 
Mr. Glenn left that business in charge of a 
competent person and enlisted for service iti the 
late war, in 1863. He became a member of 
Company F, One Hundred and Fiftieth Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry, and served on picket duty 
at Washington, District of Columbia, until the 
expiration of his term of enlistment. Mr. 
Glenn then resumed his business. In 1870 he 
took his family to New York city, for the pur- 
pose of giving his atfiicted wife the advantage 
of the best medical skill, and remained there 
three years. After returning to this city he en- 
gaged in the real-estate business, during which 
time he represented the old Si.xth ward, from 
1881 to 1883, in the City Council. In 1884 he 
entered a real-estate business in company with 
Colonel Wilco.'i, continuing with that gentle- 
man two years. In 1886, having conceived 
a plan to settle Northern immigrants on South- 
ern soil, Mr. Glenn located at West Point, Mis- 
sissippi, where he established a large colony, 
and conducted a profitable business until the 
Presidential election in the fall of 1888. The 
old rebel spirit and Southern animosities toward 
Northern men became so aroused as to seriously 
interfere with the progress of the colony. In 
1891 Mr. Glenn and many others left that coun- 
try for their Northern homes. In July, 1891, 
he was appointed Steward for the Cleveland In- 
firmary, and served in that position until May 
1, 1893. 


Mr. Glenn was married at Wooster, Ohio, in 
1855, to Miss Lydia Saybolt, a daughter of 
Abram Saybolt, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
They had six children, viz.: Dayton W., born in 
1857, was employed as enrolling clerk, afterward 
as Sergeant-at-Arms of the Ohio Senate, and is 
now a traveling salesman ; John S., a printer by 
profession ; Nettie Maud, a teacher in the Cleve- 
land schools; Emma B., wife of A. L. Dunklin, 
of St. Charles, Missouri; Edith B., now Mrs. 
Morrow, of this city; and Lyman J., a railroad 
postal clerk. The wife and mother died June 
21, 18S3. In November, 1885, Mr. Glenn was 
united in marriage with Lanra B., adaughter of 
Isaac Arbuckle, a native of Pennsylvania, but 
subsequently located near New Lisbon, Ohio. 
He had the following children: Mrs. Itha 
Smith, of Denver, Colorado; William F., of 
Wood county, Ohio; Josephine Smith, a resident 
of New Lisbon; Elmer L., of Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania; Mrs. Mary Gihnore, of Colum- 
biana county; Elizabeth McBaine, of Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania; Mrs. Mina Beach, of this 
city; and Mrs. Glenn. 

DANIEL KELLET was a pioneer of Cleve- 
land, to which place he emigrated from 
New York in 1814, and the Kelley fam- 
ily therefore has long since been of considerable 
prominence in this city. 

Joseph Kelley, a ship-builder, was the parent 
tree of the family in America. His nativity is 
not known, but it is very probable that he was 
of Welsh origin, and the year of his birth 1690. 
He was an early settler of Norwich, Connecti- 
cut, where be was a citizen in 1716. About 
1723 he married Lydia Calkins, who was a de- 
scendant of Hugh Calkins, one of a body of 
emigrants from Monmouthshire on the borders 
of Wales, who came to New England in 1640, 
with their minister, Bev. Mr. Biuman. Joseph 
and Lydia Kelley had a son, Daniel, born in 
1724, at Norwich, Connecticut, and died in 
Vermont, aged nearly ninety years. In 1751 
he married Abigail Keynolds, a daughter of 

Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. She bore him 
several children, of whom only Daniel and Abi- 
gail ever married. 

Daniel Kelley, the second, was born at Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, November 27, 1755, and in 
1787 married Jemima Stow, born at Middle- 
town, Connecticut, December 28, 1763, of Eng- 
lish lineage, and died at Cleveland, September 
13 (?), 1815. They removed to Lowville, New 
York, in 1798. He was a pioneer and founder 
of that city, whore he figured conspicuously in 
public life. In the fall of 1814 he and his wife 
removed to Cleveland, whither several of their 
sons had preceded them. In Cleveland he 
served as Postmaster and County Treasurer, and 
died August 7, 1831. The children of Daniel 
and Jemima Kelley were all born at Middletown, 
Connecticut, as follows: Datus, born April 24, 
1788; Alfred, born November 7, 1789; Irad, 
born October 24, 1791; Joseph Reynolds, born 
March 29, 1794; Thomas Moore, born March 
17, 1797; and Daniel, born October 21, 1802. 
Datus Kelley married, in 1811, Sara Dean, 
and they had the following children: Addison, 
Julius, Daniel, Samuel, Emeline, Caroline, Eliza- 
beth, Alfred Stow and William Datus. About 
1810, together with others of the family, Datus 
Kelley came to Cleveland and purchased a farm 
about one mile west of Rocky river. In 1833 
he and his brother Irad visited Cunningham's 
(now Kelley's) island, by solicitation of Mr. 
Allen, agent for the owners, with a view of 
purchasing the island. August 20, 1833, the 
two brothers made the first purchase of lands, 
1,444.92 acres, comprising the eastern half 
of the island, the price being $1.50 per acre. 
Other purchases were made until the brothers 
became owners of the entire island, — 3,000 acres. 
In 1836 Datus Kelley removed his family to 
the island, on which he resided till his death, 
which occurred January 24, 1866. He was a 
patriarch in this community, upon which he 
and his descendants have exercised a lasting in- 
fluence. He effected the development of the 
material resources of the island by clearing its 
surface of the valuable cedar forests which 



covered it and cultivating the grape and peach. 
He established communication with the main 
land, opened limestone quarries, built a hotel 
and donated a public hall to the township, and 
did other deeds of public spirit, thus making 
more appropriate the name of the island than 
such would be simply because of ownership. 
He was a warm friend of education and gave 
generous assistance to the founding of schools. 
His moral influence was manifest in its effect 
upon the settlers forming the community, to 
whom lands were sold. 

To his noble and useful life that of his good, 
motherly and charitable wife was a blessing. 
She was deservingly and familiarly known by 
the title of " Aunt " among the people. She 
was born at Martinsburg, New York, as a 
daughter of Samuel Dean. The Dean family 
were pioneers of Cuyahoga county, and many of 
the family now live in Rockport township. Mrs. 
Kelley's death preceded that of her husband, 
she dying March 21, 1864. 

Alfred Kelley, a son of Daniel and Jemima 
(Stow) Kelley, was born at or near Middletown, 
Connecticut, November 7, 1787. In the winter 
of 1798-'99 his parents removed to Lowville, 
New York, where Alfred attended the common 
school, and completed an academical education 
at Fairfield Academy. In 1807 he took up the 
study of law in the office of Judge Jonas Piatt, 
under whose directions he continued his studies 
till the spring of 1810, when he came to Cleve- 
land, which place at that time was a hamlet of 
only three framed and six log houses. He 
came to Cleveland in company with his uncle, 
Judge Joshua Stow, and Jared P. Kirtland, the 
latter then being a young medical student. 

Alfred Kelley was admitted to the Ohio bar 
in 1810, and, becoming Prosecuting Attorney, 
held that office until 1822. He was an advocate 
of extraordinary force and cogency, and a very 
large and lucrative practice he relinquished to 
take charge of the construction of the Ohio 
Canal, of which he had long been an earnest 
projector. In 1814, along with Hon. William 
A. Harper, he was elected to represent Ashta- 

bula, Geauga and Cuyahoga counties in the 
State Legislature, in the House of which body 
he was then the youngest yet most prominent 
and influential member. 

To the Legislature he was re-elected in 1815 
and 1816, and thereafter served several terms, 
serving both in the House and Senate. As a 
legislator he was of marked ability, was always 
an advocate of advanced ideas in jurisprudence, 
in finance, in internal improvement, etc., and 
was one of the early advocates of the building 
of canals, and upon the adoption of this policy 
he was, in 1822, appointed a commissioner to 
carry it into effect. To him was intrusted the 
superintendency of the construction of the 
Ohio Canal, connecting Lake Erie with the 
Ohio river. Of this project he has been ap- 
propriately called the father. Whether or not 
the idea of this canal originated with him, its 
completion and success were due to his energy, 
perseverance and ability. In October, 1840, he 
removed to Columbus, this State, where he re- 
sided during the remainder of his life. 

August 25, 1817, Mary Seymour Welles, 
oldest daughter of Major Melancthon W. 
Welles, of Martinsburg, New York, became 
his wife, and they had the following children: 
Maria, Jane, Charlotte, Edward, Adelaide, 
Henry, Helen, Frank, Annie, Alfred and 
Katherine Kelley. 

In 1S40 Mr. Kelley was appointed one of the 
canal fund commissioners, having charge of the 
funds necessary to prosecute the various canal 
enterprises in wliich Ohio was then engaged. 
While in the Legislature, in 1816, Mr. Kelley 
drew the State Bank statute, which nearly a 
half century later served as the model of our 
present national banking law. He labored 
zealously and judiciously to give the State a 
just and equitable tax system. He introduced 
the first bill to abolish imprisonment for debt 
ever brouglit before an Ohio general assembly, 
in 1818, and in the grave crisis of 1841 he 
saved the State from the indelible disgrace of . 
repudiation by pledging his own personal for- 
tune to secure the money with which the obli- 


gations of Ohio conld be met. He was not 
only a lawyer of marked ability, but a legislator 
of unimpeachable purpose, generous to a fault 
with his own, but scrupulously exact in caring 
for the property of otiiers; disinterestedly pa- 
triotic, the good of the State was his chief con- 
cern, and he believed that a public trust should 
never be a means to personal wealth or aggrand- 
izement. Ohio has furnished to the nation 
financiers of world-wide reputation. Alfred 
was the pioneer of all, the peer of any. 

By several railroad companies lie was chosen 
to direct and superintend the construction of 
their roads. He was tlie first president of the 
Columbus & Xenia Railroad (1845); was presi- 
dent of the Cleveland, Columbus & Cincinnati 
Eailroad (1847), and of the Cleveland, Paines- 
ville & Ashtabula Railroad (1857). 

His entire life was full of efforts to develop 
the State, to advance the education and morals 
of its people, and to secure the "rights of life, 
liberty and property." He died at Columbus, 
Ohio, December 2, 1859. 

Irad Kelley became a citizen of Cleveland, 
Ohio, in 1810, in which year he began his long 
and successful business career in this city. For 
many years he was identified with the progress 
of Cleveland, where he was universally known 
as a shrewd and honorable, if somewhat eccen- 
tric, character. He was associated with his 
brother, Datus Kelley, in the purchase of 
Kelley's island, but figured less conspicuously 
because of his residence at a distance. August 
5, 1819, he married Harriet Pease. He died 
in New York on his way to South America, 
January 21, 1875, being at that time the last 
survivor but one of this family of pioneer 
brothers. The following were tlie children of 
Irad and Harriet Kelley: Gustavus, George, 
Mary, Edwin, Charles, Franklin, Martha Louisa, 
Norman, Laura Harriet and "William Henry 
Harrison Kelley. 

Josepii Reynolds Kelley also came to Cleve- 
land in 1810, coming with his brothers, Alfred 
and Irad. He was also a successful business 
man for several years in Cleveland, where lie 

died August 23, 1823. In 1814 ho married 
Betsey Gould, who had by him but one child, 
Horace Kelley, who died not many years ago 
in Cleveland, and who bequeathed nearly the 
whole of his large fortune to the founding of an 
art gallery and art scliool in Cleveland. 

Thomas Moore Kelley came to Cleveland in 
the fall of 1814, along with his parents, Daniel 
and Jemima Kelley. He became a prominent 
business man of Cleveland, where at one time 
he occupied the bench, where he gained the title 
of Judge Kelley, as his father was also known. 
He was at one time president of the Merchants' 
(now Mercantile) National Bank, and also served 
as a representative in the Ohio Legislature. He 
married Miss Lucy Latham, of Vermont. 

Alfred Stow Kelley, a son of Datus and Sara 
(Dean) Kelley, was born in Eockport, Ohio, 
December 23, 1826. May 21, 1857, he married 
Hannah Farr, who was born at Rockport, Ohio, 
August 9, 1837. She died at Detroit, Michi- 
gan, February 4, 1889. Alfred Stow Kelley 
resided at Kelley's island till the death of his 
wife, since when he has resided in the city of 
Cleveland. The only child of Alfred Stow 
Kelley and Hannah Farr Kelley is Hermon 
Alfred Kelley, an attorney at law at Cleveland. 

Herman A. Kelley, one of the representative 
lawyers of Cleveland, is a son of Alfred S. 
Kelley, already mentioned, and a descendant of 
Daniel Kelley, sketched at the beginning of this 
record. He was born on Kelley's island, May 
15, 1859. Nearly the whole of his life has 
been spent in Ohio, his native State. He grad- 
uated at Buchtel College, at Akron, Ohio, in 
1879, taking the degree of B. S., and in 1880 
the degree of A. B. was conferred upon him by 
the same institution. Predilection led him to 
the profession of law, and his legal education 
has been more thorough than that of the aver- 
age young man entering that profession. He 
attended Harvard Law School in this country, 
and Gottingen University in Germany. Having 
completed his conrse in the law, and being ad- 
mitted to the bar in Ohio, March 7, 1883, and 
also to the bar of Michigan, he located at De- 



troit, where he practiced for about eight months. 
In December, 1883, he located in Cleveland, 
and has since continued in the active practice 
of his profession in this city. In September, 
1885, Mr. Keliey formed a partnership with 
Arthur A. Stearns, under the firm name of 
Stearns & Kelley, which firm existed until 
1891, after which date till 1893 Mr. Kelley was 
first assistant Corporation Counsel for Cleve- 
land. In 1893 he formed a partnership with 
Messrs. Hoyt & Dnstin, under the present firm 
name of Hoyt, Dustin & Kelley. 

djOIIN C. SHIMMION, one of the oldest 
men in tlie employ of the Cleveland & 
Pittsburg Railroad Company, and for 
more than thirty-four years a most faithful and 
painstaking servant, was born in Cuyahoga 
county, Ohio, March 4, 1840. His father, John 
Shimmion, a Manxman, settled in this county, 
in the woods, in 1836. He set about chopping 
out a farm, the identical farm on which he now 
resides, where he has spent nearly sixty years. 
His first wife, nee Ann Teare, was only sixteen 
years of age when they left their native isle, and, 
according to the laws oj" Ohio at the time, Mr. 
Shimmion paid school tax on her until she be- 
came of age, a fact which seems to us now rather 
as a joke, or old-fashioned, to say the least. 
Mrs. Shimmion died in 1853, leavincr the fol- 
lowing children: William, for thirty years 
employed by the "Big Four "Eailroad Company; 
John C; Hugh T.; Henry, deceased; Belle, 
wife of Henry Scott, of this city; and George, 
deceased. By a second marriage, to Hannah 
Joyce, Mr. Shimmion was the father of George 
P., deceased; Kate, who married Henry Morse; 
and Sarah. 

Mr. Shimmion has been an active, useful and 
reasonably prosperous man, taught his sons the 
lessons of industry and the principles of good 
citizenship, and is now retired in the enjoyment 
of the fruits of honest labor and with the con- 
sciousness of having performed his work well. 

John C. Shimmion, at fifteen years of age, 
was placed with an uncle to learn carpentering, 
and about the time he should have had it well 
learned he decided to try railroading, and in 
1859 began firing on the Cleveland & Pittsbui-g 
Railroad. This he continued, together with 
learning how to repair engines, — an acquire- 
ment which was needed then, as every engineer 
was expected to put his own engine in order 
after each trip,— until 1861, when he was given 
a freight run. The next year he was put on a 
passenger engine and the first twenty years 
pulled a train between Pittsburg and Wheeling, 
and Bellaire, covering during the last year, 
1872, a distance of 52,000 miles. At this rate 
he would travel more than a million and a half 
miles in thirty years, — a sixtieth part of the 
distance from here to the sun, and six times the 
distance to the moon! A plan was once in 
vogue with the Cleveland & Pittsburg Company 
to pay premiums to engineers who show the 
most economical mileage figure for a year's run, 
being based on the cost of each mile covered. A 
letter dated February 26, 1867, from Superin- 
tendent Devereaux, and inclosing the $100 
premium awarded to Mr. Shimmion, stated that 
he covered that year, 32,879 miles, at a cost 
per mile of 6.12 cents, and specially commend- 
ing him for his care of his engine and ibr avoid- 
ing the killing of stock. In April, 1872, 
Superintendent John Thomas inclosed a check 
for $100 as premium, and expressed the appre- 
ciation of the officers of the company for Mr. 
Shimmion's care and fidelity in attaining his 
excellent results. The next year Superintend- 
ent Thomas had occasion to inclose another 
check for the annual premium, result of running 
his miles at 14.16 cents each. And many other 
letters came to Mr. Shimmion from the com- 
pany of a commendatory character, and inclos- 
ing substantial tokens, as expressions of their 
pleasure in his services. During all these years 
Mr. Shimmion has not caused the injury of a 
passenger or an employee, and no property of 
the company has been destroyed while in his 


September 28, 1870, Mr. Shiinmion married, 
in Bellaire, Oliio, Elizabeth McLaughlin, a 
daughter of John McLaughlin, a carpenter of 
Holland-Dutch ancestry, born in New Lisbon, 
Ohio, in 1805. He married Mary Richey, who 
bore him seven children, Andrew, Sarah, Helen, 
Mary, "William, James and Elizabeth, and he 
died in 1861. ■ 

Mr. and Mrs. Shiinmion have seven children: 
Charles J., salesman for Benton, Myers & Com- 
pany; Anna M., Blanche, Claud W., Helen, 
John G. and Raymond. 

Mr. Shimmion is a Knight Templar of 
Steubenville Commandery and a member of the 
Royal Arcanum. 

MORRIS, contracting agent for the 
King Bridge Company, was born in Me- 
dina county, Ohio, January 8, 1856, and 
is the youngest child of George and Rebecca 
Morris. He has two sisters living, — Mrs. James 
Newton, of Medina, Ohio, and Mrs. A. M. 
Jewett, of Halstead, Kansas. Mr. George 
Morris, a native of New Jersey, was brought to 
Ohio as early as 1830, when he was but four 
years of age, by his father, also named George, 
who settled in Morrow county, where he re- 
mained a resident until his death. George 
Morris, the junior, was married in Medina 
county, this State, to Rebecca Waltman, and 
they had four children, of whom the three 
above mentioned survive. Here he farmed suc- 
cessfully until his death, which occurred in 
1873; here, also, upon his father's farm, young 
Morris spent the early years of his life. It is a 
conspicuous fact that most of the reliable talent 
of the world qualified for duties of heavy re- 
sponsibility is the product of rural life, and Mr. 
Morris graduated at this school at the age of 
eighteen. Destiny had marked a broader sphere 
for him, — one in which he could better serve 
his fellow men, and at the same time afford him 
opportunity to bring into play the talent which 

lay slumbering while he tilled his father's soil. 
When opportnnity came for him to engage in 
some other business, he left the farm and en- 
tered the employ of the company already men- 
tioned. Those who knew young Morris said 
this of him: " Whatever lie did he did well, 
putting his whole heart and mind into his 
work, whatever it might be." Every one knows 
that this is the road to success. 

Mr. Morris is one of the prominent bridge 
men of the country, and sustains a reputation 
in the bridge business which older men might 
envy. His works over the country stand' as 
monuments of his success. The graceful struc- 
ture which spans the Ohio river between Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and Newport, Kentucky, is the 
product of his busy brain, as are also other im- 


•taut structures, too numerous to mention. 

He is a director in the Central Railway and 
Bridge Company, owning the bridge over the 
Ohio at Cincinnati, and is also a member of the 
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Morris is too busy to devote much time 
to social life, but is a genial, pleasant young 
man, and a member of the Union Club. He is 
also the promoter and organizer of a corpo 
ration owning Chippewa lake and adjacent 
property for club purposes and a summer 

In 1879 he was married to Miss Mattie 
Sharkey, of Lexington, Mississippi, and a niece 
of ex-Governor Sharkey, of reconstruction fame. 
Mr. and Mrs. Morris have three children: 
Henry Clay, born in 1880; Vallie, born in 
1885; and Valentine, born February 14, 1894. 
Valentine has been a family name in Mr. 
Morris' family for hundreds of years, and there 
is quite an interesting tradition connected with 
it. On St. Valentine's Day, some time in the 
seventeenth century, the Duke of Waltman was 
hunting in his woods in Germany, and found a 
little child. Having no children of his own, he 
adopted it, and named it Valentine. This Val- 
entine Waltman is one of the ancestors of the 
present Valentine Morris, and when his own 
little son was born on St. Valentine's Day he 


felt that bis boy was entitled to tbe name which 
has l)een in every branch of the family for so 
many years. 

Mr. Morris' mother is still living with her 
daughter in Ilalstead, Kansas, and is a hale and 
hearty old lady, having passed her three-score 
years and ten. 

fr J ON. IIAERY SOETER, a prominent 
pH farmer and early settler of Mayfield 
II ii township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, and 
V an ex-member of the Ohio Legislature, 

dates his birth in New York, April 4, 1820. 

Mr. Sorter's father, Elijah Sorter, a native of 
New Jersey, went to New York when he was 
about sixteen years old, and in 1831 removed 
with his family to Ohio and located in Mayiield 
township, Cuyahoga county. Here he pur- 
chased a tract of land from the Mormons, and 
on this place he spent the rest of his life and 
died, being eighty-eight years old at the time of 
his death. His father, Henry Sorter, a native 
of Germany, had died in New York. Elijah 
Sorter married Margaret Middaugh, a native of 
New Jersey, and they M-ere the parents of eleven 
children, the subject of our sketch being the 
fifth child and third son. 

Harry Sorter was eleven years old at the 
time his parents removed to this county. He 
had attended school some in New York, and 
after they settled here his education was com- 
pleted in one of the district schools which was 
kept in a log schoolhouse. He remained on 
the farm with his father until he reached his 
majority, most of his youthful days being spent 
in the " clearing." In speaking of his early 
life, Mr. Sorter says that in 1832, when he was 
only twelve years old, he drove an ox team, 
taking a load of Mormons to Cleveland, it being 
the first time he had ever been in that city. Mr. 
Sorter has been engaged in general farming all 
his life, being now the owner of 185 acres of 

He was first married in 1844 to Miss Amanda 
M. Dickey, a native of Allegany county. New 
York, who died a short time afterward, leaving 
him and a little daughter. Mary A. This daugh- 
ter grew up to be a useful and influential 
woman. Before her marriage she was for some 
time employed as teacher in the Cleveland 
schools, and while there was instrumental in 
organizing a mission school. She and her 
husband, A. D. McHenry, went as missionaries 
to heathen lands in India, and spent eight years 
in that noble work. Mrs. McHenry is deceased. 
For his second wife Mr. Sorter married Alvira 
Elsworth, a native of Ohio, who bore him one 
daughter, Melissa, who is now the wife of O. 
A. Dean, of East Cleveland. His second wife 
having died, Mr. Sorter was married in 1859 to 
Betsey Avery, a native of Ohio, and a resident 
of Cuyahoga county since her seventh year. 
They have two daughters: Hattie A., wife of 
Seth Parker, of Mayfield township, this county; 
and Sallie J., wife of Frank W. Lockamer, also 
of Mayfield township. 

Mr. Sorter is a stanch Republican, and has 
served in various otiicial positions. For six 
years he was Township Treasurer. He has 
served as Trustee a number of times. In 1875 
he was elected a Representative to the Sixty- 
second Assembly, and served one term. Since 
1854 he has been a member of the F. & A. M. 
at Chagrin Falls. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which for 
about twenty years he has served as Steward. 

Such is a brief sketch of one of the venerable 
citizens of Cuyhoga county. 


A. THORP, a well known farmer of 
11/ 1// ^fiytield township, Cuyhoga county, 
¥i -1 Ohio, was born in Warrenville, this 

State, January 15, 1832, a descendant of one of 

the earliest pioneer families of northern Ohio. 

Before giving a sketch of his life, we turn liack 

for a glimpse of his ancestry. 


"Warren A. Thorp, his father, was born in 
Cleveland, Ohio, April 12, 1802, son of Joel 
Thorp, and grandson of Yale Thorp. Yale 
Thorp built Yale College in Connecticut, and 
left arrangements whereby his posterity could 
be educated there free of charge. The Thorps 
are of English descent. Joel Tiiorp was born 
in North Haven, Connecticut, and it was dur- 
ing the latter part of the eighteenth century 
that he came out of the Western Reserve and 
located at Cleveland, Cleveland at that time 
))eing composed of six log cabins. He was a 
millwright by trade, and built several mills in 
this county. He took claim to a tract of 
Government land, was engaged in clearing it 
when the "War of 1812 came on and lie enlisted 
his service in that cause. He was a member of 
a company of sharpshooters, of which he was 
appointed commander shortly before his death. 
He was killed while on duty between Buffalo 
and Black Rock. "Warren A. Thorp cleared up 
a tract of wild land and developed a farm, and 
for tliree years before his marriage he kept 
bachelor's hall on this place. He was married 
in 1825, in Orange township, this county, to 
Hannah Buruside, a native of Pennsylvania, 
born in 1809, she being of German descent. 
He lived to be eighty-six years of age, and she 
was past seventy-five when she died. They were 
the parents of seven children, three daughters 
and four sons, all of whom married and reared 
families, and all except one daughter are still 

"W. A. Thorp was the fourth born and second 
son in this family. He grew up on his father's 
farm, where he remained until 1852. That 
year, at the age of twenty, he made the journey 
to California, going from New York city by 
way of Panama, and in due time landing at 
San Francisco. For three years he remained in 
the Golden State, engaged in mining, at the 
end of which time he returned to Ohio, again 
making the journey by water. He then re- 
mained at the old homestead until 1859. That 
year lie was married to Laura "Warner, who died 
a short time afterward, leaving an infant daugh- 

ter. This daughter, Nettie, is now the wife of 
E. Brunk, of Nevada. April 16, 1863, Mr. 
Thorp married Syntha A. Barber, a native of 
Euclid township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, and 
a daughter of Jefferson and Syntha (Sherman) 
Barber. Her parents had seven children, two 
sons and five daughters, she being the second 
born. Mr. Thorp and his present wife have 
five children: "Warren A., Lewis J., Hattie J.. 
Frank "W. and Effie M. Hattie J. is the wife 
of A. Bennett. 

After his marriage Mr. Thurp located on a 
farm in "Wan-ens ville township, this county; 
but his experience in California had given him 
a taste for "Western life, and, not being satified 
with his success in Ohio, he in 1860 crossed 
the plains to the Pacific coast, making the 
journey with horses and wagons. However, 
after two more years spent in California, we 
again find him back in Ohio settled on the 
same farm he had left. In 1863 he came to 
Mayfield township, where he has since lived. 
He owns 245 acres of fine land, all well im- 
proved and devoted to general farming. 

In religious, political and educational matters 
Mr. Thorp has ever taken an active interest. 
He is a member of the Board of Education, 
served a number of years as Township Trustee, 
and has also tilled various other local offices. 
In 1893 he was the candidate of the Democratic 
party for Representative from his district, but 
was defeated by his Republican opponent. He 
has long been an active member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church. 

YRON H. WILLSON, a resident of 
"Wilson's Mills, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, 
was born at the place where he now 
lives, August 30, 1837. Of Mr. "Will- 
son's life and ancestry we make I'ecord as 

General Frederick "Willson, the father of 
Myron H., was born in Ontario county. New 
York, in the town of Phelps, January 4, 1807, 
and was there reared to farm life. In 1830 lie 


came to Cuyahoga county, Ohio, and located in 
Mayfield township, where he took claim to a 
tract of Government land and where he built a 
mill. This place has since been known as 
Wilson's Mills. After he erected the mill he 
entered into a partnership with David McDow- 
ell, and together they ran the mill for seven 
years. In 1837 the partnership was dissolved. 
General Willson taking the mill and a part of 
the land. He continued to run the mill up to 
the time of his death. In 1840 it was de- 
stroyed by fire, but was immediately rebuilt 
and on January 7th of the following year was 
again in operation. General Willson was a 
man of considerable prominence, being especi- 
ally distinguished as a military man. He was 
for some time officially connected with a regi- 
ment of light artillery in the ]^ew York Militia. 
After coining to Ohio he was elected Major of 
the Second Brigade, Ninth Division, Ohio 
Militia. This was in 1834. Afterward he was 
promoted from time to time until in 1838 he 
rose to the rank of Brigadier- General, and re- 
signed after a service of four years. In his po- 
litical atKliatioiis he was a stanch Democrat, 
and for si.\ years served as a Justice of the 
Peace. For sixty years he was a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. He had taken the va- 
rious degrees of the order and had risen to the 
rank of Sir Knight. 

General Willson was married September 6, 
183G, to Miss Eliza Henderson, a native of 
Orange township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio. As 
the years rolled by sons and daughters were 
born to them, nine in all, a record of whom is 
as follows: Myron H., whose name heads this 
article; Ellen, who died at the age of three 
years; George A., a member of the Cleveland 
Grays, First Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was 
killed at the battle of Eesaca, at the age of 
twenty-two years; James P., who served during 
the war in the First Ohio Battery, died three 
montlis after his return home from the army; 
Mary C, wife of David Gilmore, of Mayfield 
township, this county; Ilattie E., deceased wife 
of James Law; Nellie, who died in infancy; 

Ella, wife of A. Keesler, of Mayfield township; 
and Charlie, who died at the age of twenty-one 
years. General Willson's father, George Will- 
son, was a native of Netv York and a son of 
Henry Willson. Henry Willson was born in 
Ireland and was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary war. 

Of the Henderson family, we further state that 
Ira Henderson, the maternal grandfather of our 
subject, was born in Massachusetts, July 10, 
1782; and that early in life he settled in New 
York, from whence, in 1833, he came to Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, first locating in Orange 
township and the following year removing to 
Cleveland. He remained in Cleveland, how- 
ever, only a short time, when he returned to 
Orange township, and there spent the rest of 
his life and died, his death occurring May 12, 
1850. He was engaged in farming. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Elizabeth Hopp, and 
who was a native of New York, died in Orange 
township, April 24, 1844. They were the par- 
ents of five children, of whom Mrs. Willson 
was the youngest. Mrs. Willson's birth occurred 
in Columbia county, New York, November 25, 
1816. Grandmother Willson's maiden name 
was Ester Collins. She was a native of Ver- 
mont, lived to an advanced age and possessed a 
remarkable memory which she retained to the 

Passing on to the life of Myrou H. Willson, 
we record that he is the oldest child in his 
father's family, and that in his youth he received 
an academic and business education, completing 
his business course in 1858. He had been 
reared in his father's mill, and in 1862 we find 
him in Oakland, Michigan, where for two years 
he was in the milling business. Then he settled 
near Lowell, Kent county, Michigan, and for 
two years carried on farming. At the end of 
that time he returned to Cuyahoga county, 
Ohio, bought the old mill at Willson's Mills, 
and here he has been engaged in milling for the 
past twenty-four years. He is also engaged in 
farming to some extent, owning ninety acres 
of laud. 


Mr. Willson was married in Michigan, Feb- 
ruary 29, 18G4, to Agnes Losee, a native of 
New York, who had gone to Michigan in her 
childhood. Previous to her marriage she was 
for several years engaged in teaching. Mr. and 
Mrs. Willson are the parents of seven children, 
namely: Lida H., born Jnne 16, 1865, is the 
wife of Elmer Brott; Florence, born October 
30, 1866, died August 28, 1876; AUie W., 
born August 15, 1868, is the wife of Sidney 
Robins; Mary E., born June 11, 1870, is an 
artist; Nellie E., born August 19, 1872, is at 
home; Frankie A. and Frederick J., twins, born 
December 18, 1876, the former having died 
February 26, 1877. 

Mr. Willson affiliates with the Republican 
party, is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and for twenty-six years has been identified 
with the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has 
been a Truetee in the Church for several years. 
He is a man of many sterling qualities and has 
the respect of all who know him. 

[[ J [ T. SANDFORD, treasurer of the Cleve- 
Ir^i land, Lorain & Wheeling Railroad Com- 
II 4i pany, began his railroad service as a 
^ clerk in the freight auditor's department 

of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad at 
Chicago in 1884. In 1887 he went to St. Paul 
and joined the force of the Chicago, St. Paul 
& Kansas City Railroad, in the auditor's office. 
He concluded his service with this company in 
1888 and became connected with the Northern 
Pacific Railroad Company, in their general 
freight ofiice. In 1892 he received a call from 
the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad to 
l)ecoraeassistant paymaster, with headquarters at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he remained until May, 
1893, at which time he was elected treasurer of 
the Cleveland, Lorain and Wheeling Railroad 

Mr. Sandford was born in New York city. 
May 28, 1863. He was reared in that city and 
was educated in private schools. In 1881 he 

began business in Wall street with the firm of 
Shoemaker & Dillon, bankers and brokers, and 
when the firm went out of business in 1884 
Mr. Sandford came west and engaged in rail- 
road work at Chicago. A glance at his paternal 
ancestry reveals the following facts: 

His father, James Sandford, was a New York 
attorney. During the war he enlisted and was 
commissioned Captain in a regiment of New 
York troops, and died of typhoid fever at New 
Orleans, Louisiana, while in service, in 1864. 
James Sandford's father, was Judge Lewis H. 
Sandford, Vice Chancellor of New York, and 
the author of Sandford's Chancery Reports. 
The Judge's father, and the great-grandfather 
of our subject, was a physician. He was born 
in Shropshire, England, and came to the United 
States about 1790, settling in Skaneateles, New 
York. Judge Sandford's only son was James 
Sandford before mentioned. One of his two 
daughters married John J. Cisco, of New York 
city. Mr. Sandford's mother, whose maiden 
name was Laura Taylor, was a daughter of 
Heury J. Taylor, a New York merchant. After 
Mr. Sandford's death she became the wife of 
Robert L. Livingston, who died in 1892, leav- 
ing one child, Laura, now Mrs. A. P. Cumming 
of New York city. The Taylors were from 
Connecticut, and for many generations were 
principally farmers. 

H. T. Sandford was married in St. Paul, 
Minnesota, May 12, 1888, to Miss Pease, 
daughter of ex-Senator Pease, formerly of 
Mississippi but now of Dakota. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sandford have two children, Robert L. and 

l\ILLIAM M. GOBEILLE, a pattern 
manufacturer of Cleveland, was born 
March 12, 1859, in Dutchess county, 
New York. Until sixteen years of age he at- 
tended school during the winter session only, 
in the country district where his father resided. 
In 1875 he entered the Albany high school, 
and during his course as a student took prizes 


for excellence in mathematics and spelling, and 
graduated in the iirst classical division in June, 
1879. In October of the same year he came to 
Cleveland and learned pattern-making. 

In February, 1881, Mr. Gobeille formed a 
partnership with his brother, J. L., under the 
firm name of Gobeille and Brother, and opened 
a pattern establishment. In 1889 the business 
was sold to a stock company, William M. Go- 
beille retiring from the concern. One year 
later he opened an independent place of busi- 
ness and is now conducting it successfully. 

In September, 1887, Mr. Gobeille married 
Miss Nettie B., a daughter of Hugh LeFevre, of 
the Mercantile Bank, and their children are: 
Addle May, deceased; Joseph Willis and Wm. 

Politically Mr. Gobeille is a Kepublican, and 
religiously an earnest member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Olinrcl). He was one of the first 
members of the Epworth League, and during 
the first three years of its existence was Vice 
President and Secretary, and was elected Presi- 
dent of the Cleveland League. 

\TLLIAM P. STACK, passenger con- 
ductor, came to the United States in 
1856, locating in Syracuse, New York, 
where he was engaged in various occupations 
for a time. He found employment in the fa- 
mous Syracuse Salt Works, and just before his 
departure for Ohio drove team near Oneida lake 
two years. In 1863 he came to Cleveland, and 
October 29th of that year began his railroad ca- 
reer. Two years afterward he secured the po- 
sition of brakeman, in 1872 was promoted as 
freight conductor, and since 1888 has been 
engaged in the passenger service. During his 
many years of railroad life he has never been 
absent from duty more than one week. 

In July, 18G7, Mr. Stack was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Annie, a daughter of M. Kelley. 
Tliey have had two children, liotli now de- 
ceased, and one died in infancy. Mary departed 

this life in December, 1887, and at the age of 
eighteen years and nine months. She would 
have soon completed her education at the Ursu- 
line Convent of Cleveland. Her earthly chair 
is vacant, but she has merely passed over the 
river, and is waiting beyond. 

If AMES F. EICHMOND, conductor on the 
K I New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio Kail- 
^*^ road, was born at Columbia,Cuyahoga coun- 
ty, June 10, 1861, a son of L. A. Richmond, who 
was born in the Itichmond settlement of Cuya- 
hoga county, about 1824. That settlement is 
one of the oldest in the county, having been 
started early in the present century, presumably 
by Levi Richmond, the grandfather of James 
F. He made his settlement in the dense for- 
est, beginning immediately to clear a farm. 
His children and grandchildren have continued 
the work, and have made the name a synonym 
for honorable conduct and honest dealing. L. 
A. Richmond was a conductor, and tweuty-six 
years of his life was spent as an employe of the 
Lake Shore Company. During the last ten 
years of that time he was depot master at To- 
ledo, Ohio. Mr. Richmond spent four and a 
half years in the Federal army, was a gallant 
soldier, and laid down his arms only when there 
were no more enemies to vanquish. He was 
accidentally killed in 1876. The mother of 
James F. was a daughter of J. R. Ruple, who 
also resided in the Richmond settlement. Mr. 
and Mrs. Richmond had three children: W. E., 
an engineer on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railroad, and a resident of Minneapolis, 
Minnesota; Lizzie, wife of P. C. Christiers, a 
tobacco dealer of Cleveland; and James, whose 
name heads this notice. 

J. F. Richmond moved with his father to the 
Forest City, where he passed his childhood 
days, and prepared himself for the stern duties 
of life. He aftci-ward became a stationary en- 
giiieei', but, not caring to follow that occnjja- 


tion, secured the position of brakeman on the 
New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Railroad. 
Soon afterward he was promoted conductor. 
Mr. Richmond also deinonstrates unnsual talent 
as an artist. He has yielded to an innate desire 
to paint objects and scenes which impress him 
most, and has developed several pictures which 
would do justice to a pupil of several years' 
training under a master. 

In August, 1885, he was united in marriage 
with Mary Eakin, a native of Mechaiiicsville, 
Pennsylvania, and a daughter of D. M. Eakin, 
who was a farmer by occupation. Mr. and 
Mrs. Richmond have three children: Nellie, 
Victor and James. In his social relations, Mr. 
Richmond is a member of the O. R. C , the 
American Mechanics, and is a Master Mason, 
being a member of Halcyon Lodge. 

JACOB FLICK, one of the prominent citi- 
zens of Bedford, Ohio, was born in Ven- 
ango county, Pennsylvania, at Franklin, 
January 23, 1818. His father was Jacob Flick, 
Sr., born in Virginia, a son of Daniel Flick, 
who was a native of Pennsylvania. Jacob Flick, 
Sr., married Miss Ellen Losey, who was born, 
reared and educated in New Jersey. The Flick 
family came in 1826 to Canfield, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, and later the parents moved to 
White county, Illinois, where the father died, 
at ninety years of age, and the mother at eighty- 
two. They reared eleven children, five of whom 
are now living, two sons and three daughters. 

Mr. Jacob Flick, whose name heads this 
sketch, grew up at Canfield, Ohio, learned from 
his father the trades of shoemakingand carpen- 
try, and in 1835 came to Cuyahoga county and 
ran a sawmill for some years. Later he settled 
on a farm near Bedford. As a business man 
he has been successful, and in 1881 he located 
in the village and retired from active life. He 
has a fine home and is surrounded by every 

Mr. Flick has been married three times. His 
first marriage was at Newburg, Ohio, to Mary 
Louisa Marks, a lady of intelligence and good 
family, born at Newburg. Her father was 
Nerimah Marks, who came from Connecticut in 
1822. By this marriage Mr. Flick has si.x 
children, viz.: Honorable W. H. H., of Mar- 
tinsburg, West Virginia, a Prosecuting- Attor- 
ney and ex-member of the Legislature, was ap- 
pointed by President Arthur as United States 
District Attorney; Clara R., wife of Honorable 
V. A. Taylor, of Bedford; N. Flick, an attor- 
ney of Cleveland; Z. T., of Bedford, Ohio; 
John A., of Ravenna, Ohio, a prominent manu- 
facturer and ex-attorney; Cyrus P., an attorney 
of Wheeling, West Virginia. Mrs. Louisa 
Marks Flick died in 1886. Mr. Flick's second 
marriage was to Mrs. Amelia A. Streeter, widow 
of Dr. Streeter, of Bedford: she died in 1888. 
His third marriage was in 1889, when he 
wedded Mrs. Georgia S. Smith, widow of Will- 
iam Smith. Her first husband was John T. 
Mcllhenny, an able editor of Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania, proprietor and editor of the 
Gettysburg Star. Mrs. Flick's maiden name 
was Georgie S. McCreary. She was born in 
1838, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as a daugh- 
ter of David and Anna R. (Flohr) McCreary. 
Mrs. Flick, by her first husband, has two sons, 
— David Mcllhenny, of Cleveland, and Hugh 
Mcllhenny, of Ravenna, Ohio. Mr. Jlick gave 
to his children the advantages of good schools, 
and they are all well educated. 

Mr. Flick has served as Treasurer of the 
School Board. He is a Republican in politics, 
and a member of the Disciple Church, in which 
he has held the ofiice of Elder for forty years. 
Mrs. Flick is a Presbyterian. 

JAMES B. COX was born at Goshen, Co- 
lumbiana county, Ohio, December 17, 
1819. He is a son of Thomas Cox, a pio- 
neer of the above county, who was born in New 
Jersey, a son of William Cox. The mother of 
James B. was Mary Brown, also a native of 


New Jersey, and a daughter of Kichard Brown, 
a native of the same State. In 1833 Mr. Cox's 
family settled in Cuyahoga county, about two 
miles south of Bedford. At this time the sub- 
ject of this sketch was a lad of fourteen years. 
He is the only surviving member of a family of 
seven sons and si.x daughters. The following 
are the names of these children: John, Eliza- 
beth, Kichard, Mary, Ann, William, Deliia, 
Hannah, Thomas, Sylvan us, Phebe, James B. 
and Martin. The mother of these children died 
October 21, 1847, and November 18, 1852, the 
father died. He was a farmer, cooper and shoe- 
maker. In politics he was a Whig, and in 
church faith a Methodist. 

James B. Co.x, the immediate subject of this 
sketch, attended the old log schoolhouse and 
gained the rudiments of a common-school edu- 
cation. He has done much work in the clear- 
ing away of the forests and the development of 
farm lands, having helped to clear five farms. 
In early life he went to Washington county, 
Wisconsin, thirty miles north of Milwaukee, 
and there he cleared a farm upon whicli he 
lived for ten years. He tlien sold out and re- 
turned to Bedford and located on a farm near 
by. In 1882 he removed to Bedford, where he 
owns three good houses. 

Mr. Cox was married, in 1841, to Miss Adelia 
W. Wells, the first white child born at Solon, 
Cuyahoga county. Her parents were Oliver 
and Abigail Wells, early settlers of Cuyahoga 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Cox have five children, 
viz.: Elnora Gertrude, who was a successful 
teacher for thirty-eight terms: she is the de- 
ceased wife of Edgar Tenant, having died April 
15, 1884, at Grand Rapids, Wisconsin; Mary, 
the second of tliese children, is the wife of N. N. 
Norton, of Michigan; Allison A., a citizen of 
Michigan; Frank J., a traveling man, of Chi- 
cago; and Emma Adelia, the wife of D. W. 
Jones, of Newburg. 

Mrs. Cox, the mother of these children, 
passed away in death September 22, 1882, a 
worthy member of the Disciple Church, a faitii- 
ful wife and a devoted mother. 

In politics Mr. Cox is a Republican. Upon 
the breaking out of the Civil war he offered his 
services as a soldier, but was rejected because of 
his advanced age. He is an active member of 
the Disciple Church and tiiree of his five chil- 
dren have been successful teachers, which is in- 
dicative of the fact that he has appreciated the 
importance of educating his own and others' 
children. One of his daughters, Emma A., 
was a very successful music teacher. 

Mr. Cox is a representative and respected 
citizen, esteemed by a wide acquaintance as a 
man of high integrity. 

JOHN F. LAHIFF, passenger conductor 
on the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago 
&, St. Louis Railroad, was born in Win- 
sted, Connecticut, June 1, 1851, a son of 
John Lahifi", also a native of that State. He 
followed agricultural pursuits in Connecticut 
until 1855, and then located at LaGrange, Ohio, 
where he died in 1856, at the age of forty-eight 
years. The nationality of the Lahiff family is 
Irish, but they liave probably resided in this 
country since the Colonial period. The mother 
of the subject of this sketch, 7iee Catherine 
Lahey, was of Irish extraction. Mr. and Mrs. 
John Lahiff had three children: John F., Jo- 
sephine and Thomas. 

Joiin F., the subject of this sketcli, remained 
on the farm until fourteen years of age, and 
then found it necessary to work for his own 
support. He accepted almost any legitimate 
employment he could find, but received nothing 
permanent until 1872, when he was given the 
position of brakeraan on the railroad. He 
worked on the road almost a decade before be- 
ing promoted to his present position. Mr. 
Lahiff has ever been constant and faithful, and 
takes a deep interest in the welfare of his fellow- 
citizens, among whom he is deservedly popular, 
as is evidenced by his election to the oflice of 
Chief Conductor of the O. R. C. He was also 


chairman of the General Grievance Committee 
for the Big Four System four years, and he is a 
member of the K. of P., Lal^e Shore Lodge, 
No. 6. 

Mr. Lahiff was married in this city, in 1878, 
to Miss Helen, a daughter of Morris Eitchie, a 
blacksmith of Berea, Ohio. 

SN. PENNELL, a worthy representative 
of a prominent family of Mahoning 
county, Ohio, and a popular passenger 
conductor on the Erie Kailroad, was born in 
Anstintown, that county, December 26, 1850. 
His father, J. J. Pennell, was the owner of the 
farm on which West Austintown is located, and 
on which the Pennell coal bank was opened by 
Andrews brothers, of Youngstown. He emi- 
grated to Mahoning county in 1827, from 
Greenville, Pennsylvania, where he was born in 
1818. On coming to this State he was a boy 
with limited means, and his early history would 
developalongand energetic struggle for suprem- 
acy over poverty. His characteristic ambition 
made him successful, and he lived to enjoy a 
competency sufficient as a reward of honest toil. 
He died in March, 1886. The paternal grand- 
father of our subject, Robert Pennell, was born 
in Ireland and emigrated to free and promising 
America about the beginning of the eighteenth 
century and established himself in Pennsylva- 
nia, presumably near or at Greenville. Mr. J. J. 
Pennell married, in Trumbull county, Ohio, 
Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Hood, of 
Ohltown, and their children were six in num- 
ber, namely: Louisa, wife of Thomas Gallon, of 
Cleveland; James, a farmer of West Austin- 
town, Ohio; William, of the same township; 
S. N., our subject; Thomas J., agent of the 
Michigan Central Railroad Company at Warren, 
Michigan; and Nannie, who married Eli Ebert, 
an Austintown farmer. 

Mr. S. N. Pennell secured a country-school 
training during the winter months of his youth- 

ful service as a farmer. He left the uneventful, 
uninteresting life on the farm in 1870 and began 
railroading on the Niles & New Lisbon branch 
of the New York, Pennsj'lvania & Ohio Rail- 
road, as a brakeman. After some months' 
service he was transferred to the Youngstown 
yards in the same capacity, securing in time the 
appointment as train baggeraaster, where he re- 
mained four years. He received a deserved 
promotion in 1881, being made a freight con 
ductor, and continued in this relation live years, 
or till 1886, since which time he has been in 
the passenger service, moving his family to 
Cleveland in May, 1888. 

Mr. Pennell was married in Caufield, Ohio, 
October 3, 1871, to Miss Annie, daughter of 
William Brooks, deceased, once a Caniield 
jeweler. He was born in Pennsylvania, and 
came to Ohio in 1824. He married Miss 
Rachel, daughter of Cornelius Tomson, of Aus- 

Mr. Brooks died at the age of forty-si.x years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Pennell have two children : Flora, 
born in 1874; and George, in 1880. 

Mr. Pennell is a member of the O. R. C. ; of 
Bigelow Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and of the K. 
of P. 

C. KEESLER, who is engaged in general 

farming and stock-raising in Mayfield 

township, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, was 

b orn in the house in which he now lives 

December 13, 1857. 

His father, C. Keesler, was born in Seneca 
county. New York, March 30, 1811, and in 1816 
came with his father, Peter Keesler, to Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio. Peter Keesler was born on 
the Mohawk river, in New York, and was of 
German descent. The mother of our subject, 
nee Wealtha A. Eggleston, was born at Marcel- 
lus, Onondaga county, New York, April 17, 
1816. Her father, Richard Eggleston, a native 
of Connecticut, had gone with his parents to 


New York when lie was thirteen years of age. 
The parents of A. C. Keesler were married in 
Mayfield township, this county, March 25, 1841, 
and after their marriage began housekeeping in 
a little log house on the farm on which she still 
lives. They devoted their energies to the im- 
provement of this place, and as the years passed 
by developed a tine home and farm. He died 
here March 31, 1864. In all the local affairs of 
the community he took an active part. For 
several years he served as School Director of 
his district. Politically he was a Democrat. 
They had a family of nine children, three of 
whom died in infancy. The othei's are as fol- 
lows: Hiram C, of Mayfield; Peter O., de- 
ceased; Andrew J., Mayfield; William M., 
Idaho; Omer P., Cleveland; and A. C, the 
subject of our sketch. The names of the de- 
ceased are Hellen J., Martha C. and Ann O. 

A. C. Keesler was married January 26, 1887, 
to Ella E. Willson, youngest daughter of Gen- 
eral Frederick F. and Eliza (Henderson) Will- 
son. She was born in the township in which 
she now lives, January 14, 1859. They have 
an only child, Hellen E. 

Politically, Mr. Keesler is a Democrat. 

L. FOUTS.— One of the oldest railroad 
V^ll men in point of experience in Cleve- 
land is M. L. Fonts, general agent of 
the passenger department of the New 
York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad Company. 
He was born in this city April 4, 1837, was 
graduated at its high school at the age of eight- 
een, and at Bryant, Stratton & Folsom's Com- 
mercial College the ne.\t year, thus laying the 
foundation for that career of success which has 
followed him through life and which will be a 
monument to his invincible ambition and cease- 
less industry when he is retired to private life. 
IMr. Fonts' first permanent employment on 
taking life's stern realities was a clerkship in the 
freight office of the Cleveland i^ Mahonin» 

Railroad Company in 1858. He was soon made 
cashier of the local freight office, and when he 
had completed a term of service in that capacity 
went upon the road as passenger conductor of 
the Cleveland & Mahoning Railroad, remaining 
in the train service one year. In 1862 he was 
made joint depot and ticket agent of the Atlan- 
tic & Great Western, the Cleveland, Columbus, 
Cincinnati & Indianapolis and Lake Shore Rail- 
roads, the office then being located on Scranton 
avenue at the junction of all the tracks. In 
that position, with the addition of the ticket 
agency of the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio, 
Mr. Fonts remained twenty-eight years, or until 
October, 1890, when he was promoted to the 
general agency of the passenger department, 
where he is rendering invaluable service as a 
manipulator of passenger traffic and as a suc- 
cessful competitor for new business. 

Mr. Fouts is a son of Jacob Fonts, who came 
to Cleveland in 1827 from Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, where he went for the purpose of 
completing an apprenticeship in mechanical 
engineering and architecture. He came to 
Cleveland a master builder, and in his day 
erected many good buildings in this city. He 
made that his life work, and was a resident here 
until his death in 1871, at the age of sixty-four 
years. His birth occurred in Jefferson county, 
Ohio. His father, Henry Fouts, a farmer, emi- 
grated from Baltimore, Maryland, in 1820 and 
setttled in JeflFerson county. Tradition teaches 
that this was one of Baltimore's early families, 
certainly ante-Revolutionary, but no record e.x- 
ists that any of them ever served in the war for 

While in Philadelphia Jacob Fouts met Har- 
riet E. Cieckner, whom he married. She was 
born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was a 
daughter of William Cieckner. The children 
of this union now living are: Mrs. M. A.Bacon, 
of Cleveland; M. L. Fouts; Henry C, in New 
York city; William A., a carpenter of Cleve- 
land; Frank, in Brooklyn, New York; and 
Mrs. Hattie E. Ketchnm, of New York city. 
June 17, 1862, M. L. Fouts married, in 


Cleveland, Anra M., a daughter of Sandford La- 
throp, who settled in Ashtabula county, Ohio, 
from Vermont in 1820, and in 1848 came to 
Cleveland. He was a merchant by occupation, 
and died in 1850, aged fifty years. 

One child has been born in the family of Mr. 
and Mrs. Fouts, George E., February 28, 1864. 
He graduated at the Cleveland high school at 
eighteen, spent two years in Adelbert College, 
e.xpecting to choose some profession, but recon- 
sidered his decision and followed in the footsteps 
of his father. He became a clerk in the Erie 
ticket office in 1883, and I'emained so until 
October, 1890, when he succeeded his father as 
joint agent of the " Big Four," Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern and New York, Pennsylva- 
nia & Ohio railroads, having charge of both of- 
fices. September 14, 1893, he married Agnes 
Lutje, an orphan lady of Cleveland, six years 
her husband's Junior. 

M. L. Fouts was a member of the City Pass- 
enger Agents' Association, and for some years 
was treasurer of the Mahoning Mutual Benefit 

ni SAHEL SAAVYEE,' familiarly known as 
jO\ " Asy " Sawyer, is one of the most 
J »\ prominent figui-es among the operatives 
' of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 

Eailroad. October 17, 1863, is the date of his 
first coming into the service of the company, 
which was as locomotive fireman, his first 
engineers being Allen Cook and Austin Gur- 
ner. February 1, 1867, he was promoted from 
the engine of Henry Goff. Then he did yard 
service about two years, and next went upon 
the road in the freight service. In 1891 he 
was assigned to duty in the passenger service, 
where he has ever since remained. 

Mr. Sawyer is a native of the old Bay State, 
born in Northfield, November 19, 1843, a soti 
of Asahel Sawyer, Sr., a farmer, who was born 
in the same locality in 1795, was a political 
leader in his county, and was frequently chosen 

to serve the public in official capacities, which 
he did most creditably. His death occurred in 
1881. The founder of this family in New Eng- 
land was Ebenezer Sawyer, an English immi- 
grant who found his way hither probably during 
Colonial times, or about the Revolutionary 
period. The maiden name of the mother of 
our subject was Hannah Stratton, and she was 
a represeutative of an old New England house- 
hold, her tenth and last child being Asahel, the 
subject of this notice. The other children were: 
Harris, of Montague, Massachusetts; Elvira, 
who married a Mr. Morgan, now deceased; 
Lucy, wife of Elisha Stratton, of Northfield; 
Martha W., now Mrs. Alexander, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts; Albert, a retired machinist of 
Fitchburg; Ellen, the wife of Edwin Stratton, 
of Greenfield, Massachusetts; and the remain- 
ing three are deceased. 

The opening of hostilities between the North 
and the South and the calling for troops by 
President Lincoln, found Mr. Sawyer ready to 
do a loyal citizen's part in putting down seces- 
sion and its corollary, rebellion. He enlisted in 
Company F, Fifty-second Massachusetts In- 
fantry, which was mustered in at Greenfield, 
that State, and at once boarded transports at 
New York city for the South. Disembarking 
at Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the inen remained 
stationed there during their entire time of en- 
listment. Mr. Sawyer was a participant in the 
bloody fight at Port Hudson, on the Mississippi 
river, and in many other scrimmages on the 
several campaigns about central Louisiana. He 
was mustered out on the scene of his first mus- 
ter, perfected his arrangements and at once 
came to Ohio. 

He is a member of tlie B. of L. E., and has 
been quite prominent in the deliberations of 
that body: for a number of years he was Chief 
of the local division, and for sixteen years 
served as secretary of the Brotherhood In- 
surance. His division has been honored by his 
being a delegate to their national convention, 
which was held at San Francisco in 1883, where 
he represented a great portion of our north- 


western country. His journey there and back 
was a source of much menial and physical 

September, 1865, is the date of his marriage 
to Miss Delia E., a daughter of Dwight and 
Asenath Morgan, of Gill, Massachusetts. They 
have had but one child, Leroy E., born in 1880 
and died in 1886. 

T( C. jS'^EWMAN, of Cleveland, Ohio, is a 
K I finishing contractor and manufacturer of 
V^ finishings in this city, and is a biisiness 
man of an excellent reputation ; and his success 
in business has been due to his untiring energy, 
his enterprise and push in business, together 
with manifest integrity and fair dealing with 
those with whom he comes in business contact. 
"When ten years of age he accepted employment 
with Mr. W. S. White, a builder of Cleveland, 
for the purpose of learning the trade of builder. 
"With Mr. White he remained for a period of 
ten years, during which he was very active in 
his work, and by a close application of his time 
he not only succeeded in thoroughly mastering 
his trade in all its phases but also succeeded in 
gaining a favorable acquaintance in the city, 
and also by frugality and commendable economy 
he was enabled to lay up capital enough to 
begin on a small scale business for himself. 

In 1883 he opened an establishment on 
Hickox street, and from that time to this date 
Mr. Newman has enjoyed a constantly in- 
creasing and successful business. He has taken 
some of the most important contracts for finish- 
ing work done in Cleveland, and has manufac- 
tured a very great deal of finishing material. 
He furnishes employment to a considerable 
number of men, and his business is such as 
renders him a well-known man among the con- 
tractors, builders and carpenters of the city. 
He is a prominent member of the Employing 
Carpenters' Association, and sustains other im- 
portant relations in the social and business 

Both he and his wife, nee Alice Beck, mar- 
ried in 1880, are communicants of the P'irst 
Baptist Church of Cleveland, and they are 
numbered among the leading families of the 

Mr. Newman was born in Cleveland in 1859, 
a son of James Newman, who was born in 
England and came to Cleveland about 1851. 
He was an engineer by trade, and on coming to 
Cleveland accepted a position as an engineer. 

ir GRACE E. SANBORN, the genial 
1 cashier of the State National Bank of 
41 Cleveland, became identified with the 
banking interests of this city August 29, 
1872, when he accepted a position as collector 
for the Ohio National Bank. After acceptable 
service in this capacity for a time he was given 
a set of books, which he kept until he was ap- 
pointed teller in 1887. In 1890 he became as- 
sistant cashier, and January 1, 1893, cashier. 

Mr. Sanborn was born in this city, June 29, 
1854, graduated at the old central high school 
on Euclid avenue in 1872, and entered the bank 
immediately after that event. His father, 
William Sanborn, was a native of the old Bay 
State, born in Salem, in 1819, and came to 
Cleveland in 1842, where he was for many years 
engaged in the grocery business, at the number 
where the W. B. Southworth Co. is now located. 
His last years were spent in retirement, having 
ill health, and he died April 26, 1887. Hia 
wife, a Massachusetts lady whose name before 
marriage was Hannah S. Prime, was highly es- 
teemed for her religions and charitable work in 
Cleveland. She was a member of the Church 
of the Unity, and was one of the founders of 
the Dorcas Society, of which she was vice presi- 
dent for a long time. Upon her death, wliich 
occurred August 18, 1893, the society passed 
most appropriate and feeling resolutions con- 
cerning their loss. 

Ql. offxl^el. 



Mr. and Mrs. Sanborn's children were: Mrs. 
Robert B. Wilkinson, who died December 30, 
1889; F. W.; and H. R. 

The subject of this sketch was married in 
this city, March 29, 1882, to Miss Rose M. 
Home, a daughter of James and Elizabeth 
Plorne, natives of England. The children by 
tins marriage are: Grace A., aged ten years; 
and Ralph W., six. 

Mr. Sanborn is a member of the order of 
Royal Arcanum, Knights of Maccabees and 
Knights of Pythias, to the last mentioned of 
which he has devoted the most of his attention. 
He joined it in May, 1877, and has successively 
filled the various offices within the gift of the 
lodge (Criterion, No. 68), being tlieir delegate 
on several occasions to the Grand Lodge. He 
is also a member of the Cleveland Chamber of 

GN. SORTER, a retired farmer and one 
of the venerable pioneers of northern 
Ohio, now living at Maytield, dates his 
birth in Ovid township, Cayuga (now Seneca) 
county, New York, April 10, 1812. 

Elijah Sorter, the father of C. N., a native of 
Somerset county, New Jersey, went from that 
State to Seneca county, New York, when he 
was about nineteen years of age, and there for 
some years was engaged in farming. Subse- 
quently he started a distillery, which he ran for 
several years. In 1831 he came to Cuyahoga 
county, Ohio, and here he bought land from the 
Mormons, paying $4 per acre for the same. 
On this farm he and his family settled, and on 
it he spent the residue of his life, dying at the 
advanced age of eighty-eight years. Having 
briefly referred to the lather of our subject, we 
turn back for a glimpse at his grandparents. 
His grandfather, Henry Sorter, better known as 
"Uncle Hank," was of Dutch descent, and was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Grand- 

mother Sorter was also of Dutch descent. In 
her early life she was on one occasion captured 
by the Indians. At another time one of the 
other members of the family was captured by 
the red men, but the release of this one was 
purchased by twenty- two pounds of tobacco. 
Grandmother Sorter lived to an advanced age. 
Indeed, the Sorter family have been noted for 
longevity. The mother of Mr. C. N. Sorter 
also reached the ripe old age of eighty-eight 
years. Her maiden name was Margaret Mid- 
daugh, and she, too, was a native of Sussex 
county, New Jersey, her ancestors being English 
and Dutch. 

C. N. Sorter was the first born in a family of 
ten children, and was nineteen years of age 
when he came with his parents to Cuyahoga 
county, Ohio. Early in life he was inured to 
hard work. He remained on the farm, assist- 
ing his father, until he was twenty-two years 
old, and then started out to make his own way 
in the world. His whole life has been charac- 
terized by honest industry. In 1836 we find 
him at work in Cleveland. He helped to make 
the brick that were used in the construction of 
the old "American" in that city. For many 
years he was engaged in general farming in 
Mayfield township, up to 1888, since which 
time he has been retired and has lived in May- 
field. At one time he owned 210 acres of land, 
but afterward disposed of a portion of it and 
now retains 125 acres. This land he has rented. 
In his political relations Mr. Sorter has been 
identified with the Republican party ever since 
its organization. He has filled most of the 
township offices; was Justice of the Peace and 
Township Treasurer for eleven years, and for a 
number of years Trustee. He has long been a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at 
Mayfield. When the Methodists built their 
house of worship at Mayfield he was a member 
of its building committee, and ever since the 
church was organized here he has been one of 
its Trustees. He has also been a member of 
the Old Settlers' Association of Cleveland since 
it was organized. 


Mr. Sorter was first married in 1838, to Miss 
Almira Worrallo, wlio died some years later, 
leaving three children, namely: Pearson, who 
was killed at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, 
while in the service of the Union; Dr. Henry 
Sorter, of Goshen, Indiana; and Wilber, a 
prominent citizen of Mayfield township, this 
county. October 18, 1855, Mr. Sorter married 
Wealthy Warner. She also died aiid left three 
children, a record of whom is as follows: Ella, 
wife of Alfred AVillis, died February 21, 1883, 
leaving two sous, Clare and Harry; Anna D., 
at home; and Charles, deceased. 

Such is an epitome of the life of one of May- 
field's honored men. 

SW. KNAPP, who is ranked with the 
old settlers of Mayfield township, Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, dates his birth in the 
town of Bristol, Ontario county. New York 
August 22, 1826. 

The Knapps are of Holland descent. Eben- 
ezer Knapp, the grandfather of our subject, 
was boru in New York State in 1772. He was 
a soldier in the War of 1812, and during that 
war his wife made coats for the soldiers. It is 
said of her that she made one hundred coats in 
one hundred days, receiving $1 a piece for 
them. Russell D. Knapp, a son of Ebenezer, 
and the father of S. W. Knapp, was born 
twenty-five miles east of Albany, New York, 
the date of his birth being January 28, 1803. 
He died in Macomb county, Michigan, at the 
age of fifty-three years. By trade he was a 
wheelwright. The mother of our subject was 
before her marriage ^Miss Freelove Livermore. 
Siie was born in Vermont in 1807, went to 
New York when she was four years old with 
her father, Benjamin Livermore, and in 1825 
was married to Mr. Knapp. After their mar- 
riage they located in Richmond, New York. 
They became the parents of nine children, all 
of whom grew up to occupy honorable and use- 
ful positions in life. A record of these chil- 

dren is as follows: Selach W., the oldest, is the 
subject of this article; Emo Jane, deceased; 
Freelove, deceased; Ebenezer, a resident of 
Woodstock, Illinois; Harry, Fowlerville, Michi- 
gan; Mary Ann, Ionia, Michigan; Dorr R., 
Fowlerville, Michigan; William B., Oak Grove, 
Michigan; and Grata C, Fowlerville, Michigan. 

S. W. Knapp spent the first eighteen years 
of his life at his native place, and there 
learned the trade of wood turner. November 
5, 184:4, he landed in Cleveland, Ohio, on that 
same day came to Gates' Mills in Mayfield 
township, and here he has since resided. Until 
1850 he worked for a Mr. Humphrey, who was 
engaged in the manufacture of rakes. Then he 
engaged in the wagon business on his own ac- 
count, which he continued for twenty years. 
Subsequently he resumed the manufacture of 
rakes, and continued the same for eighteen years 
longer. At this writing he is engaged in the 
manufacture of overshot water wheels. 

Mr. Knapp was married, September 18, 1849, 
to Maria Gates, who was born near where they 
now reside, the date of her birth being Decem- 
ber 31, 1829. Her parents were Halsey and 
Lucy Aim (Bralley) Gates. Her father was 
born in East Hampton, Connecticut, January 
1, 1799, and came to Cuyahoga county, Ohio, 
in 1826. He built the mills here known as 
Gates' Mills, and ran the same for many years. 
He bought his land of the Connecticut Land 
Company in its wild state, and was one of the 
very first settlers. He helped to survey the 
first road from Gates' Mills to Cleveland, estab- 
lished the first mail route between those places, 
and carried it one year at his own expense. 
He built the first Methodist church at Gates' 
Mills, and always gave liberally to all religious 
and charitable institutions, and also rememijered 
the poor. He died October 31, 1865. His father 
Nathanel Gates, was a native of Connecticut 
and a descendant of Puritan ancestors. Mrs. 
Knapp's mother was born in Delaware county. 
New York. She died December 10, 1875. In 
their family of ten children, eight reached ma- 
turity, Mrs. Knapp being the second child and 


the oldest daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Knapp have 
Iiad a family of children as follows: Ilattie E., 
born December 2, 1850, is the wife of Charles 
Hoege; George W., born May 1, 1852, was 
killed June 8, 1872; Russell D., born May, 9, 
1854; Halsey G., born March 5, 1857; James 
E., born September 12, 1858; Charles W., 
born April 9, 1860, died August 8, 1862; Will- 
iam H., born December 1, 1862; Selie W., born 
November 28, 1864; Emma L.. born April 10, 
1867, is the wife of Thomas Phillips; and Cora 
A., born July 1, 1869, is the wife of Ernest H. 

All these years Mr. Knapp has occupied a 
prominent place in the town in which he has 
lived. He has served as a Justice of the Peace 
for nine years and Postmaster for thirteen 
years. For thirty-seven years he has been 
identified with the Masonic fraternity, now 
having his membership with the lodge at Cha- 
grin Falls. 

rEEDEKICK A. WYMAN holds the re- 
sponsible position of auditor of passenger 
— receipts of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railway Company. He was born 
in Syracuse, New York, August 20, 1851. 
His father, John F. Wyman, was for many years 
a prominent business man and was one of the 
founders, and a long time editor, of the Syra- 
cuse Standard. His mother was a daughter of 
Judge Sylvanus Tousley, of Manlius, Onondaga 
county, New York. 

From the early age of eight Mr. Wyman has 
lived in Cleveland, and was long a pupil in the 
old Kockwell school. In the summer of -1869 
he secured a clerkship in the wholesale grocery 
store of Gordon & McMillen; after remaining 
in their employ two years he was engaged as 
book-keeper for Vincent, Sturm & Co., who con- 
ducted on Water street in this city one of the 
largest furniture stores in the West. From this 
employment he entered the service of the Lake 

Shore & Michigan Southern Kail way as a clerk 
in the ofMce of Auditor Leland. By faithful 
attention to business and a peculiar aptitude for 
the duties of his work, he rose by successive 
promotions until, in November, 1888, he was 
appointed to his present position. He is a 
member of the Association of American Rail- 
way Accounting Officers. 

Mr. Wyman is the youngest of live brotliers, 
three of whom survive. He was married, in 
June, 1876, to Clara B., daughter of David and 
Elizabeth Patton. Their only child, Lawrence 
A., was born January 27, 1883. 

P. HODGES, a passenger conductor on 
the Valley Railroad, came to Cleveland 
in his boyhood from Rochester, New 
York, in 1855: he was born in that city in 1853. 
He obtained his education in the public schools 
of Cleveland, Fremont and University Heights, 
and at Humiston Institute, now defunct. May 
1, 1867, he began on the railroad as a messenger 
boy in the telegraph office of the Atlantic & 
Great Western Railroad in Cleveland. When 
thus employed he learned telegraphy, and when 
able to take a key he was given a position at 
Youngstown, Ohio. Becoming dissatisfied with 
this work, he secured a transfer to Cleveland as 
yard clerk under Yardmaster M. D. Francisco; 
next he was employed in the freight office of 
the same company; next he found himself in 
Cincinnati, and some months later he secured a 
job as fireman on the Ohio & Mississippi Rail- 
road between Cincinnati and Seymour, Indiana. 
The next year he returned to Cleveland and be- 
came a fireman on the Cleveland, Lorain & 
Wheeling Kailroad, and in 1874 went to work 
on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern road, 
as a yard clerk; again was he a yard brakemaii 
and yard conductor, and finally yard master, in 
the Collinwood yard. In 1883 he went to East 
St. Louis, Illinois, where he was employed as 
yard master on the Indianapolis & St. Louis, 
for a year; then in November, 1884, he came 


to Cleveland and engaged with the Yalley Com- 
pany a* vrtitl master at Akrou, Ohio; in 1887 
lie WHS given a passenger train as conductor, 
where he has since served most acceptably. 

Onr subject is a son of Perry Ilodges, de- 
ceased, who was a locomotive engineer, born 
near Rochester, New York, and before coming 
to Cleveland was an employee of tlie New York 
Central Railroad, and here he was an engineer 
on the Cleveland «fc Pittsbnrg line. He was 
killed March 31, 1858, at Mingo Junction, by 
accident, when he was thirty-tive years of age. 
For his wife he had married Caroline Harring- 
ton, who is still living, at the age of fifty-nine 
year!=, and mnrried to Joseph Miller. She is 
the mother of two children: C. P. Hoilges and 
Luella Miller: the latter inai-ried W.J. Hannou 
of Missoula, Montana. Mr. C. P. Hodges mar- 
rieil first in 1873, Miss Emma Long, who died 
ill March, next year; and May 30, 1878, Mr. 
Ilodges married Miss Harriet A. Di-ake, a 
daughter of James N. Drake, a farmer of North- 
fiiUi. Summit county, where he early settled 
from New York State. He married Emeline 
Cranny, and died in 1889, aged sixty-seven 
years. His children were: Mrs. Hodges, and 
"W. O. Drake, of Hugh avenue, Cleveland. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hodges have two children: OUie, 
born in February, 1879: and Charles O., No- 
vember 1, 1882." 

Mr. Hodges is a prominent member of the 
Order of Railway Conductors, of which he was 
Chief Conductor for live years. He is now en- 
tering upon his third year as Secretary and 
Treasurer. He is also a member of Thatcher 
Chapter and the Forest City Commandry of 
the Masonic order. 

ENRV W. RUSSELL, who is engaged 
in farming in Maytield township, Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, is a native of this 
place, born September 9, 1840. 
Lyman Russell, his father, came from Massa- 
chusetts, of which State he was a native, and 
was one of the very earliest settlers of north- 

eastern Oliio, he having located at Mentor about 
1804. From there he came to Cuyahoga county 
in 1838, and settled on the farm on which the 
subject of our sketch now lives. Here Lyman 
Russell passed the residue of his life and died, 
his death occurring when he was eighty-one 
years of age. His father, Abel Russell, was a 
native of Massachusetts, was of English de- 
scent, and was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
The mother of Henry W. Russell was before 
her marriage Miss Fidelia Taggart. Her birth- 
plac« was Blandford, Massachusetts. She died 
in October, 1893, on the sixty-third anniversary 
of her wedding. 

The subject of our sketch was the third son 
and third born in a family of five sons and one 
daughter. In his native township he was 
reared and educated, and for some time was en- 
gaged in teaching school in this township and 
in other parts of the county. In 1862 he en- 
listed in Company D, One Hundred and Third 
Ohio Yolunteer Infantry, as a private, and was 
in the service until the close of the war, when 
he was honorably discharged. The war over. 
Mr. Russell returned to his home in Maytield 
township, his health greatly impjiired, and as 
soon as he had sufficiently recovered he engaged 
in farming, which occupation has since claimed 
his attention. 

He was married, October 20, 1869, to Miss 
Ida Pinney, who was born in this township 
September 5, 1844. Her father, Amherst 
Pinney, a native of Ohio, located on his present 
farm in Cuyahoga county in 1842. All the 
buildings and improvements on his farm have 
been placed there by him. Mrs. Russell's 
mother, nee Jcnnetta Skinner, also a native of 
Ohio, died in 1801. Mrs. Russell is the oldest 
of their five children, four daughters and one 
son. Mr. Russell and his wife have two chil- 
dren, a son and daughter: Merton H., who is 
now in Buffalo, New York, and May F., at 

After his marriage Mr. Russell located in 
Mentor, where he spent four years, and from 
there in 1874 came to his present farm. Here 


he owns fifty acres of choice land and carries 
on general farming. In local affairs he has ever 
taken an active and commendable interest. lie 
served as Township Clerk eiglit years, as a 
member of the School Board four terras, and as 
Township Assessor three terms, and in 1893 
was elected a Justice of the Peace. He votes 
with the Republican party. For twenty-three 
years he has been a faithful member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Chui'ch, and during twenty 
successive years of that time served as Sunday- 
school Superintendent. 

JOHN WILHELM, chief clerk for the 
general baggage agent of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railroad and a 
member of the City Council from the Ninth 
District of Cleveland, was born on the river 
Rhine, in Germany, in the year 1859. When 
ten years of age he came to the United States 
with an aunt, his parents being then dead. Two 
or more of his first years in Cleveland Mr. Wil- 
iielm spent in school, learning our language and 
making other preparation necessary to entering 
bnsiness. His first employer was J. P. Hoff, 
an uncle, a leading grocer of Cleveland, with 
whom he remained five years, going thence to 
Adams & Goodwillie, wholesale clothiers. With 
this firm Mr. Wilhelm had a position so long as 
it existed. His interest in the welfare of the 
concern and his ambition to give the best ser- 
vice at his disposal to his new employers at 
once became evident to them, and an unusual 
attachment sprang up between them; and when 
the firm began reducing its working force pre- 
paratory to discontinuing business, Mr. Wil- 
helm was the last to go. Before he did leave 
them his present position was secured for him 
by the kindness of the firm. In his present 
position Mr. Wilhelm is now completing his 
twelfth year, — a fact which speaks more con- 
vincingly than eloquence as to his ability and 

Mr. Wiliielm identified himself with the 
Democratic party on arriving at mature age, 
and has been known for some years as a molder 
of sentiment in his ward. In 1891 he was 
nominated by his party to make the race for 
Councilman from the new Ninth District under 
the "Federal" plan. In this he was successful 
and was again elected in 1893, the second time 
receiving a majority of 456 votes. His official 
duties are performed fearlessly and from a con- 
viction of right. The interests of his constitu- 
ents are learned and served by voice and vote, 
and no man can challenge him as possessing an 
embarrassing record. 

November 8, 1881, Mr. Wilhelm married, in 
Rockford, Maggie M. Baetz. Their children 
numbered four, but Edward G. alone is living. 

Mr. Wilhelm for some years past has mani- 
fested a great interest in the fraternal order, 
the Knights of St. John. Of this order he is 
serving his second term as Supreme President, 
being re-elected unanimously at Pittsburg in 
1893. At their meeting in Chicago he was 
elected to a membership on the Supreme Board, 
and was re-elected in Cincinnati. He has served 
St. George Commandry as Captain since its or- 
ganization by him, and was at different times, 
for a half dozen years, its President. He has 
also been General Secretary of the First Bat- 
talion Life Insurance Association of the Knights 
of St. John of Cleveland for several terms, and 
he is also Financial Secretary of theC. M. B. A. 

C. BALDWIN, a locomotive engineer 
on the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio 
Railroad, was born in Solon, Cuyahoga 
county, Ohio, January 25, 1862, a son 
of H. Baldwin, who was born in Aurora, this 
State, in 1825. He has been a life-long farmer, 
and now resides at Newburg, Ohio. His father, 
Eliakim Baldwin, was a native of New Hamp- 
shire, but became a resident of Ohio in early 
day. The mother of Mr. Baldwin, nee Mahala 
McClintock, was a daughter of Samuel McClin- 


tock, a native of New Hampshire who became a 
pioneer of Ohio. 

A. C. Baldwin, the youngest in order of Inrth 
of three children, received such educational ad- 
vantages as were extended to children of par- 
ents in moderate circumstances. At the age of 
fourteen years he located in Cleveland, where 
he was employed as clerk in the store of George 
Smith, on St. Olair street, two years; clerked 
for A. M. lyler, of Geneva, Ashtabula county, 
the same length of time; and in 1880 returned 
to Cleveland. Mr. Baldwin then began firing 
on a locomotive on the Erie Railroad, his first 
engineers being R. M. Shane and D. W. Fleet. 
After five years spent at that occupation, he was 
promoted to the position of engineer. In his 
social relations, Mr. Baldwin is a member of the 
B. of L. E., of the Grievance Committee for the 
Erie Road, of the Knights of Pythias, and of 
the Riverside Council, Royal Arcauum. 

October 17, 1880, in Saybrook, Ashtabula 
county, Ohio, he was united in marriage with 
Etta v., only child of William and Sylvina 
(Russell) Andrews. Mr. Andrews, a farmer by 
occupation, was at one time a resident of Erie, 
Pennsylvania. He died on January 22, 1891, 
at the age of sixty years. Mr. and Mrs. Bald- 
win have two children living — Eva Ethel, born 
February 4, 1884; and Harrold, born September 
18, 1890; and one deceased, Gracie, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1881, and died January 2, 1883. 

i D. HERRINGTON, yard master for 
yj,' the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
^ Railroad Company, and one of their 
trusted employees, is a child of the road, for 
the reason that on it he took his first lesson in 
railroading and with it he has remained ever 
since. He entered the company's service in 
1871 as switch tender at Rockport, which posi- 
tion he filled, together with acting as agent, 
until promoted yard conductor. In due time 
he was transferred to Whisky Island as assist- 
ant night yard master, returning to Rockport 

in 1888 as day yard master and remaining till 
June 14, 1893, when he was transferred to his 
present location. 

Mr. Herrington is a member of a pioneer 
Cuyahoga county family. His paternal gi'and- 
father, David B. Herrington, came to Cleveland 
in 1822, settled in the region of Rockport and 
spent his life in agricultural pursuits. He mar- 
ried Almay Cord, who bore him seven children, 
only four of whom are now living. L. B., 
Junior, father of our subject, was the first born. 
He is now a Rockport farmer, aged sixty-nine. 
The mother of W. D. Herrington, nee Harriet 
L. Thorp, is the daughter of Warren Thorp, 
who was born in Cleveland when there were 
not more than three log huts in the place. Mr. 
Thorp was from New England, probably Ver- 
mont. L. B. Herrington is the father of five 
children: Clara J., widow of George Hardy, at 
Laporte; Ellis, at Dover, Ohio; W. D.; Alphens 
J.; and HannaA., deceased. October 23, 1874, W. 
D. Herrington was married, in Parma, Ohio, to 
Maria J., a daughter of Thomas Biddulph, of 
English birth. He married Hanna Dutton, and 
they became the parents of eleven children, 
three of whom are deceased. The living are: 
Tillie, who married William Langrell; Ella, wife 
of Hyram Goodale; Lina, wife of Levi Meacham, 
County Clerk; Belle, who married Joseph 
Sarver; and Mary, widow of Thomas Ileffron; 
and Mrs. Herrington; and Thomas Biddulph 
married Rebecca Nnman; Joseph is single. 
Camilla B., aged three years, is the only child 
of Mr. and Mrs. Herrington. 

Mr. Herrington is a thirty-second-degree 
Mason, belonging to Lake Erie Consistory, 
Forest City Commandery, Thatcher Chapter and 
Brooklyn (blue) Lodge. 

H. CRALL, passenger conductor on the 
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis 
Railroad, was born in Richland county, 
Ohio, March 22, 1839, a son of George Crall, 
who was born and reared in Dauphin county, 
Pennsylvania. In 1832 he came to Richland 


county, Ohio, where he improved a farm, and 
remained there until his death, in February, 
1888, at the age of eighty years. lie married 
Maria Woods, and they had seven children, viz.: 
C. W., deceased, was a graduate of a Cleveland 
Homeopathic College; John J., who died in the 
spring of 1863; C. H., the subject of this sketch; 
Sarah, wife of James Pittinger, of Shiloh, Ohio; 
Susannah and Mary, both deceased in 1864; 
and Frank S., freight conductor on the Big 
Four Eoad. John Crall, grandfather of C. H., 
was born in Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, and 
his death occurred in Richland county, Ohio, 
in 1847, when he was aged eighty-one years. 
He married Sarah Fackler, and they had eight 
children, — John, Simon, George, Jacob, Mary, 
Elizabeth, Sarah and Susannah. The great- 
grandfather of John Crall was born in Alsace, 
France, and was the founder of the family in 
this country. The name was originally spelled 

C. H. Crall, the subject of this sketch, was 
reared and educated in his native place. During 
the late war, and at President Lincoln's call for 
volunteers, he enlisted in the First Ohio Light 
Artillery, and was mustered into service at 
Cleveland. His command was attached to the 
Army of the Cumberland, and their first en- 
gagement was at the famous Pittsburg Land- 
ing, followed by Stone River, and soon after- 
ward by the hard-fought battle of Nashville. 
During that engagement Mr. Crall was re- 
ported killed. When the relief corps went on 
the field to bury the dead, among the unfor- 
tunates was found a soldier with a part of his 
head shot away, and who was pronounced by 
those well acquainted with the subject of this 
notice to be C. H. Crall. His headboard was 
marked with that name, and when disinterred 
to be placed in the national cemetery at Mur- 
freesborough, was again given his name. Mrs.. 
Crall was informed of the death of her hus- 
band, and received the sympathy which was 
always extended to a dead comrade's family. 
Mr. Crall had two ribs broken by a shell at the 
battle of Stone River, was taken prisoner, 

hauled through the South in a box car for two 
weeks, finally arriving at Richmond, Virginia, 
and placed in Libby prison. He was exchanged 
a few months afterward, returned to his com- 
mand at N'ashville, Tennessee, and served to the 
close of the war. 

After following fanning and milling in Lo- 
rain county, Ohio, for a time, Mr. Crall re- 
ceived the position of brakeman on the rail- 
road. He filled that position five years, was 
promoted as freight conductor in 1872, and 
twelve years afterward entered the passenger 
service. While serving as freight conductor, 
six tramps attempted to capture his train, but 
failed to persuade the brave crew to surl^ender, 
even after Conductor Crall received a severe 
gunshot wound in the abdomen, where the bul- 
let is still embedded. 

Mr. Crall was married in May, 1859, in Rich- 
land county, Ohio, to Ellen Kemp Lambert, a 
daughter of George Lambert, who came to 
Richland county in 1836 from Frederick county, 
Maryland, his birth-place. He now resides at 
Shelby, this State, aged eighty-eight years. He 
married Charlotte R., a daughter of Daniel 
Kemp, a native of Maryland. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lamliert had seven children, viz.: Elizabeth, 
Ellen K., Caroline N"., Laura C, Mary, Juliette 
and William. Mr. and Mrs. Crall have one 
child, Ida M., wife of Oscar McNalley, having 
two children, — Harry and Ethel. In his social 
relations Mr. Crall is a member of the G. A. R. 

EORGE E. PROUDFOOT was born in 
^f Cleveland, Ohio, March 4, 1859. His 
father was James R. Proudfoot, a painter, 
who came to this city in 1845. He was 
born in Dumfries, Scotland, in 1830, and was 
consequently fifteen years of age on his arrival 
in Cleveland. He married Marie Cannel! and 
died in November, 1877. Tiie children of this 
union were three sons, — Robert, George E. and 


George E. Proudfoot attended the city free 
schools till eighteen years of age, when he be- 
gan learning his father's trade. He followed it 
long enough to become an efficient workman, 
but quitting it at this juncture to begin rail- 
roading. He was a fireman five years, first 
under engineer Charles Dodge. On receiving 
his promotion Mr. Proudfoot ran on the road 
until 1890, when he came into the yard, where 
be has since remained. As an employee of this 
company, Mr. Proudfoot is prompt, painstaking 
and industrious. His interest in the company's 
welfare amounts to a personal due, which is 
recognized and acknowledged in turn by a grate- 
ful company. 

June 1, 1882, Mr. Proudfoot married, in 
"Wellsville, Ohio, Ida, a daughter of J. T. Pros- 
ser, who came from Hancock county, Virginia, 
in 1847. He was born in Virginia and inarried 
a Miss Pickering, of Knoxvilje, Ohio. Of their 
four children, Mrs. Proudfoot is the youngest. 

Three children are in the family of Mr. 
George E. Proudfoot, namely: Ray Starrett, 
aged ten ; Marie Emma and Lucy H. 

R. BENNETT, one of the prominent 
young farmers of Mayfield township, 
Cuyahoga county, was born here March 
3, 1870, the eldest son of George A. and 
Barbara A. (Berg) Bennett, and was reared and 
educated in this county. He was married Oc- 
tober 22, 1890, to Miss Hattie J. Thorp, who 
was born near May field, Ohio, July 18, 1869, 
third child in the family of Warren A. and 
Cynthia A. (Barber) Thorp. 

Reared on a farm, Mr. Bennett has chosen 
agriculture as his occupation, which he follows 
on his wife's forty acres of choice land, well 
improved with fine residence, good barn and 
other buildings. The residence, a commodious 
one, comprising eighteen rooms, was built in 
1893, at a cost of §4,000. It is provided with 
all the modern improvements and conveniences, 

and, indeed, is one of the finest houses in the 
township. The barn was built in 1891, at a 
cost of 81,500. 

Mr. Bennett's political views are in harmony 
with the principles advocated by the Republi- 
can party. 

fL. BETTS, a well known operative in 
the passenger service of the Valley Rail- 
1 road Company, was born in "Wisconsin, 

September 22, 1857, and in his infancy he was 
taken by his parents in their removal to Iowa, 
where they located in Fayette county. In that 
locality he grew up to the age of youth, in farm 
labor, both at home and among the neighbors. 
At the age of twenty years he began work as a 
railroad hand for the Davenport »fe North- 
western Company, now merged into the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul. Was a section 
foreman for almost a year, and then was brake- 
man or\ the same road, running out of Daven- 
port. One year later he was employed in Min- 
nesota in the construction of a narrow-gauge 
road, with headquarters at Caledonia. In the 
spring of 187 he found greater remuneration 
in the Minnesota harvest field; but at the close 
of the season he came to Ohio. In looking 
about in Cleveland for employment he finally 
accepted a situation as driver on the Detroit & 
Fulton street-car lines. Visiting relatives the 
next spring in Geauga county, he was persuaded 
to remain with them during the summer, in 
their employ. In the autumn lie returned to 
the city and secured employment as a Cleveland 
& Pittsburg brakeraan; but a few months later 
it was necessary for him to seek another job, 
and this time the Cleveland Nat & Bolt Works 
aflbrded him the means of sustaining life for 
half a year. 

In the spring of 1881 he began work for the 
Valley Company as yard brakeman. In less 
than two years he was promoted as conductor, 
and in 1885 entered the passenger service, 
which he has since followed, with but a few 
mdntlis' interruption. 


Mr. Betts is a son of S. T. Betts, an old 
Cleveland & Pittsburg engineer, who discon- 
tinued railroading in 1856 and went to the 
wilds of Wisconsin, where he took up a claim 
of land, about 1860. Enlisting in the war, he 
was attached to the Army of the Tennessee, and 
contracted rheumatism of a violent and persist- 
ent kind, from which he died, in 1883, at the 
age of fifty-seven years. He was buried at 
Battle Creek, Ida county, Iowa. For his first 
wife he married Miss Helen Hathaway, a native 
of Ohio and of American parentage, who was 
the mother of the subject of this sketch, and 
died in 1866. Subsequently Mr. S. T. Betts 
married Miss Scott, who was born in England 
and is still living. Their children were: E. L., 
and Mina, the wife of Charles Brower. By the 
second marriage Mr. Betts reared: Clara, wife 
of Frank Margesoii; Mary, who married John 
Van Houton; Lizzie; and Perry — all in Ida 
county, Iowa. 

Mr. Betts, the subject of this sketch, was 
married in Cleveland, May 17, 1882, to Miss 
Nora C. Keane, a Pennsylvanian of Scotch- 
Irish parentage. Her father returned to north 
Ireland for the sake of his health, leaving here 
his two eldest children, — Roger, of Philadel- 
phia, and Nora C, now Mrs. Betts. The other 
children, seven in number, are coming to this 
country, one after another. Mr. and Mrs. 
Betts' children are: Blanche, aged ten years; 
and Edmond L., Ji., aged five. 

Mr. Betts is a Red Cross K. of P. and a 
member of the O. R. C. 

SAMUEL C. BLAKE, a son of the late 
John M. Blake, of Cuyahoga county, 
- — - was born at Euclid, this county, Decem- 
ber 29, 1856. He received a common-school, 
academic and collegiate education, spending 
two years at Oberlin College. For several 
years thereafter he taught school, and in the 
year 1881 entered the law department of the 
Michigan University, at Ann Arbor, graduat- 
ing in 1883, with the degree of Bachelor of 

Laws. In October, the same year, he was ad- 
mitted to the Ohio bar, and locating at Cleve- 
land at once entered upon his professional ca- 
reer. He has been associated with J. A. Smith 
in the practice of his profession since 1886. 

As a lawyer Mr. Blake is esteemed, and is 
regarded by his professional brethren as a 
representative man in their profession. As a 
citizen he is no less respected and honored. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Masonic order. 

June 26, 1889, Mr. Blake married Mary A. 
Camp, daughter of the late Henry Camp, of 
Euclid township, this county. The home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Blake has been blessed by the 
birth of a daughter, Anna by name. 

fHUGO. — Among the many engineers in 
Cleveland scarcely half a dozen are older 
in the service or as competent to manage 
the throttle as the gentleman whose name 
introduces this sketch, his railroad career com- 
mencing as early as 1852, when he was em- 
ployed as a laborer in placing spikes in the 
construction of the track. "When the road be- 
gan regular traflic he became a switch-tender. 
Some time afterward he was employed as fire- 
man under Engineer George Westfall on the 
Cleveland, Columbus & Cincinnati Railroad, and 
during his service on that line his engine, the 
" Nashville," drew some notable personages 
through the coniitry, as the " Swedish Night- 
ingale," Jenny Lind, and party, then on their 
famous tour of the United States under the 
management of the noted P. T. Barnum; also 
the body of the assassinated President Lincoln, 
the remains of Henry Clay toward the old 
domain in Kentucky, etc., etc. These events 
remind Mr. Hugo that a period of nearly three 
generations have been covered or connected by 
his services as a railroad man, and he may 
truly be termed a " veteran." 

Mr. Hugo was born in county Wicklow, Ire- 
land, the home of the Sheridans, March 19, 
1834. His father, Patrick Hugo, a laborer, 



came to the Uuited States in 1851 and died in 
Cleveland in 1880, aged seventy-nine years. 
He married a Miss Gallagher, and had six chil- 
dren, tliree of whom are living. Mr. Ilugo, 
our suhject, was hrought up to hard labor to aid 
in support of the family, thns devoting his first 
wages at the early age of twelve years, and he