Skip to main content

Full text of "Memorials of the Quisenberry family in Germany, England and America"

See other formats




lir'l'll^l^iM'tmVifS^i' PUBLIC LIBRARY 

3 1833 01422 7950 










"Every man .... iVio// J3;7c7? by his own standard, with 

the ensign of their father's house." 

Numbers, II. 2. 

M E M O k 1 k L 5 





Compiled and Editei 


[from a drawing 0\- IHH seal on TUL will (ln,(^) ,_-)(-- HhNRY (jL hS I fcNi'iJHY , 

r\u(i my Go,/ put it into my hcai-t to i^atlicy tOi^rcthfy the pcoplr . . . tlu 
they miglit be rcckotifd by Genealogy.'' — Xkhe.miah. 

''MULl.ACH A-BU ! 


GinsoN Bros., ^RlN^l^R^ and R^okbikder 
UjOO. ; 

I Oni-V 150 Cni'iis or THIS Book iiavk 

iu:i-.N l'KiNr!:[> ; or wiiicn -iiin Coi'v is 

No ^k:^^:. 




/y^/.s" sliall be \:tilltn lor tlic oencrationa to coinr.^' — -PbAl.MS, cii, iS. 

In 1S97 the compiler of tliis little work issued a volume 
called Goicalogical Mo/ioraiula of tlic Oiiisoihrn-y Fanii/y 
a/id Oilier Fauiilics^ which coutained all that could be found 
in the \'ir*4iuia records, and elsewhere, concerning- the earl\- 
history of the Ouisenberry family in America, together with 
a good deal of more modern data relating" to it. At that time, 
however, nothing \sas known or could be learned concerning 
the luiropean antecedents of the family, though there was 
one item of information showing that people of the name 
had lived in London, England, about two hundred and thirty- 
years ago. 

In October, 1S98, through the kindness of that able 
genealogist, Mr. George \V. ^Montague, of Northampton. 
Massachusetts, I received a clue which I have untiringly and 
persistently followed, at considerable expense ; and, altliough 
there is yet much to be desired, still the success that has 
crowned my efforts has not been inconsiderable. I have 
secured copies of Gernum and English records (all reproduced 
in this book) which show conclusively that our name was 
known in England as the name of an Englishman as early 
as I46<S, and in Germany certainly as early as 13S0, at which 
time it was, no doubt, already a very ancient name. 

It is much to be regretted that, owing to hiatuses in both 
the (rerman and the English records, a lineal descent, abso- 
lutely undeniable from first to last, could not be established. 
lUit, taking the undeniable facts in conjunction ^\•ith otlier 


facts tliiit may be reasonably deduced from them, I hnve been 
able t(; piece log-ether a constructive lineal descent that seems 
about perfect in theory. A known descent of honorabk- 
people from 138010 1900 — fix-e hundred and twenty years — 
is, indeed, a ver}' fair record, and it is one that the Ouisenl^erry 
family of to-day may unreservedly claim. 

I wish to place on record here the expression of my sincerest 
thanks to those ^vho, without fee, have given me so great 
assistance in collecting data for this work. J. ]\I. Cowper, 
Esq., of Canterbury, I^ngland, who has rendered his own 
country and ours invaluable service in the various books he 
lias published, examined forme the ancient municipal records 
of Canterbury, covering centuries, as well as the church 
registers of that city, and many others besides. What he did 
involved a great amount of very exacting toil and care, but 
he did it all with a gentle and untiring courtesy for which I 
must be deeply grateful while life lasts. :\Ir. H. :\Iapleton 
Chapman very kindl}- examined for me the wills still preserved 
in Canterbury. Rev. A. P. IMorris, vicar of Leeds, Kent, 
whose registers have furnished some of the most important 
data in this work, also went to extraordinary pains to show 
me courtesy, a fact which must ever be gratefully remembered. 
It will greatly interest my American readers to know that 
Mr. Morris is the grandson of Mary Phillipse, of Xew York, 
who married :\Iajor Roger .Morris of the Ikitish army, after 
having rejected George Washington — a fact which we have 
all read in biographies of Washington. Washington and 
Morris were both aides on Braddock's staff in 1755. 

I am also indebted to the following-named ministers of the 
Church of England, who kindly, and without charge, exam- 
ined their reg.isters for me; naniel\- : Rev. E. ]\f. Millard, of 
Othani ; Rev. P. l\ Wigau, of Tliurnham ; Rev. John Scartli, 
of I>er>tL-ad ; Re\-. Mr. Southe}', of liollingbourne ; Rev. 11. 
M. r^IcDonald, of St. Xicholas, Rochester ; Rev. Percy G. 
Benson, of Moo ; Rc\-. K. W. Bartlett, of Oueenl^orough ; and 
Rev. l\ R. Alfree, of vSt. Xicholas-at-Wade, Isle of Thanet. 
All these churches are in. Kent, and most of them are 

IX Gl-.iniAXV, KXr.T.AX]) AXl) AMr.RICA. 5 

adjacent to Leeds. Quite a niiinber of rectors and vicars 
charc;ed the nsnal fees for exaniinin.q- their rej^dsters, as th.ey 
had a perfect right to do, and tliey, too, were as courteous as 
could be, and seemed ver\- anxious to render nie as much 
assistance as was possible. My experience with ministers of 
the Church of Kng;land impels me to consider them the n.iost 
kindl}' and courteous bod\' of gentlemen on earth. 

-My thanks are also due to Cornwallis P. Wykeham-Martin, 
of Leeds Castle, Esquire ; to Prof. W. \V. vSl:eat, of Cam- 
bridge University ; to F. V. James, ICsq., of the ^^laidst^ne 
Museuu) and Librarv ; to C. T. Hatfield, of .Margate. Iv'^quire ; 
to Walter Rye, Ksq., of London, and to man\- others both in 
Kent and in Lou.don for valuable assistance most kindly 

To Miss Phillis Castleman lirown and ]\Ir. Laurence Castle- 
man Prown, of Leeds, Kent, I am indebted for photogra]")hs 
from which the illustrations in this work are reproduced. In 
many ways they have both assisted me very materially. 

To my good friend Dr. Pernard Punnemeyer. of 
ton, D. C, my thanks are due for translations of the German 
records and wills received from Cologne and Dusseldori — a 
work that involved a considerable amount of application and 
studv, owing to the archaic construction of those very ancient 
documents. ]\Ir. Herbert Putnam, Librarian of. the Con- 
gressional Library, has earned my gratitude by affording me 
unusual facilities for prosecuting my researches in the mag- 
nificent collection of books under his charge. 

My own work has not been slight, as I have written many 
hundreds of letters and read a great many books in connec- 
tion with my researches. Whatever faults of construction, 
or otherwise, the book may contain, I hope may be kindly 
allowed for by my indulgent readers, in view of the fact that 
my work has mostly been done at night, after I had already 
wrought diligently throughout the day in other lines of 

I hope that those who read this book at all will read it 
thoroughly from end to end, as in that way alone can a proper 
under^,tandinL'■ of it be had. 

^fl'.MOKIAI.S OV THl-: OriSl'.Xin'.RRV KAAflLV 

For a more detailed account of our family in America the 
reader is referred to ''''Gcncalo'^ical Memoranda of (Ju- (Jin'srn- 
bcrry /vr/v/Z/r," published in 1S97. 

Wasiitxgtox, D. C, Aiioasf /-,-, kjoo. 



The following descent If.cks iibsolnfe confirmatiou iu only a fmv iii^^tauo s ; 
and t)ie presuiuptive evidence even in thox; in^tlluce3 is so strong as to render 
tlieir eorrectuess practically certain : 

1. Tielmanu Questenlierg, Imru in Bodenfelde, Drunswick, rTennany. aV.out 

13S0. Settled iu Cologne, Germany, in 1424, wber.- he died in 141G. 
Married Syliilla von Suclitelii. and had 

2. ]>eitold Questeuberg ; lived and died in Coh'gue. In 144") married Mai-- 

gareth , and bad 

3. Ifenricus Questeoberg, born in Cologne abont 141»J : educated at tlie Uni- 

versity of Cologne. About 14r,7 married Catherine — ■ in England, 

and bad 

4. Angu-tine Questynbery, of Canterbury, England, boru about 14GS ; died 

about 1510. Mariied and had 

5. John Qu"~tenbury, of Canterbury, born about 149;j. Married and had 
Ci. Henry Questeubury, of Canterbury, born about 1517. Married and had 

7. Henry Questenbery, of Leeds, Kent, England, born abinrt lot], Whirried 

Jlildred — about 15<J2, and had 

8. James Quessonberry (as it is spelle<l on tlie church register), boru in Leeds, 

Kent. November 15, 1578: died iu East Greenwich, Kent, September ]'>, 
ir.20. Married Joan , and had 

9. Thomas Quest.-iibnry. born in Bromley, Kent, !M;«.rch IC, IGOS. W'ent to 

Virginia about 1025 and remained there until 1C50, when he returned to 
Phighind, S'-ttling in Canterbury. Married in Virginia and had 

10. John Qu-sseiibury, of Westmoreland county, Virginia, born iu l'V27 : died 

1717. Marri-d Anne Tope, and had 

11. Humjdirey Qu-"seubury, born iu Westmoreland county. Virginia, not later 

than 1674: died in King George county, Virginia, not later than 1727. 
ilarried and had 

12. Thomas Que-enbury. liorn iu King George county and died in Caroline 

county. Virginia : dates not known. Married ami had 

13. Aaron Qnisenberry, born iu Caroline county, Virginia, probably about 

1715; died in Orange cnunty, Virginia, iu 17'.»5. Married Joyce Dudley 
(as is supposed) and had 

14. liev. -James Quisenberry, burn iu Spottsylvania county, Virginia, Jnly 5. 

1759; di'-d in Clark county, Kentucky, August 5, 1-.30. haviug se-ttled in 
Kentucky in 17S3. On Dt-ccmber 4, 177G, h*- marrietl Jane Eurris, of 
Orange CL.unty. Virginia, nn^l h:td 

15. C'dliy Lurris Quisenberry, boru in Chirk county, Kentucky (then Eayette 

ounty. Virgiuia\ July 7, 1788, ami died there December oD, 1^7ib Ou 
De'-ember It!, l-slO, h-' marri-.-d L'lcv Ensh, f>f the same county, aril had 

8 .MKMOIilAT.S 01-' TlIK OTISl'.Xr.l-.RRY I'AMTI.V 

16. Jaiue-^ Fiaucis Quiseuliciry, born in Miidison county, Ktutucky, October 

If., •i,>21 : iVwd ill Clark comity. Koutiu-ky, Fi'bniary :!, Is77. Ou October 
11, 1847. he married Emily Camt-roii Ch-aiadlt, of Madi'-on county. Iv n- 
tncky, and had 

17. Anderson Clicnanlt Quifieiibcrry, born in Clark oouiily, Iventucky. October 

20. 1830. On May 1, 1S79, he married Corinna Ilrooniball, of Sprinyfield, 
Obio, and had 

18. Janus Francis Quisenborry, born in Lexint;ton, Kentucky, .Inly 10, ISSi;. 



•'One. o-eutration f^as-^tih ar.-ay, cn/d anothrr nc„rra/t'o;i cnnrt/i : hut //ir 
furih uhidcllt Jorcvey." — I^CCLICSIASTES, i, 4. 

'J'hc family which in America styles itself Oiiisenbcrry, 
Ouesenbury, Oucseiiberry, etc., has a strange and interestino- 
history. So far as is at present known, it orioinated in the 
Harz mountains, in that part of ancient vSaxony now known 
as r,rnnswick. The earliest record that has been discovered 
concerning an\- member of the family shows that he was in 
141 8 a merchant of the Ilanseatic League, doing busine-s in 
London, but retaining his citizenship, or home, in Lubeck, 
Germany. hVom 1418 to 1515 (and perhaps much later) 
several members of tlie family were engaged in the Hanse 
trade in London, all of whom were from Cologne, Germanv. 

The Hanscatic League and its merchants are well worth 
studying, but, of course, they can be mentioned but briefly 
here. The Hanse merchants appeared in England as earlv 
as the year S79, in Saxon times, and remained there until 
I599> a period of seven hundred and twenty years; and they 
created and Iniilt up England's trade and manufactures, minted 
her money, and undoubtedly laid the foundations of the com- 
mercial supremacy which has made her the mistress of the 
seas. The term "sterling," as applied to P^nglish money, 
originated from the name " Easterling," which the Ehiglish 
applied first to the Cologne merchants, and afterwards to all 
the merchants of the Hanseatic League who were domiciled 
in London. 

In that subdivision of this book called The Dociniu-iiLs m:\\ 
be found much interesting information, culled from various 
sources, concerning the Hanse merchants of London. 

The English family of Questenbery, Questenbury. etc., 
must have originated about 146S, from one of the Hanse 
merchants in London named Ouestenberg, v.dio came from 
Cologne, but married an luiglishwoman, settled pcrmanenily 

TO mi;mor)ai.s oj* Tin-: o^TS]■■,XI;^:RR^ i'ami),\' 

in l^ngland, and becamt an ImioHsIi citizen. Many of the || 

Ilanse nierchanls did this, notwithstandino- the severe- penalty | 

of being expelled the llanse, and forfeiting' all their financial | 

interests in Planseatic affairs, which invariably followed their 4 

niarria^^^e with Enf^lish women. The yonno; Qnestenberi^, who | 

eave up all for an honest love, was evidentlv disinherited and f- 

disowned by his father, for there are proofs that he be<;an | 

making his livelihood in England in an humble way, and | 

very likely with but little capital other than his strong righ.t | 

arm and the love of his bonn\' Ivnglish bride, for whom he | 

had given up country, rank, and fortune. The Ouisenberrys ^ 

(however spelled) of America are all descended from that * 

brave, manlv, and high-minded young German of four hun- 5 

dred and fifty years ago ; and we have more right to be proud \ 

of him than if he had been a king upon a throne. | 

It is probable that he settled first in London, and went into j 

business there, it may be, as a cloth merchant in a small way, ! 

or perhaps as a merchant tailor. The Hanse merchants of | 

the familv trenerallv dealt in cloth. The first Englishman of \ 

the family of whom positive record has been found was a i 

" tailour " in Canterbury in 1490; and it was doubtless in | 

that old cathedral city that the founder of the English branch ] 

of the family met and married his English wife. Canterbury J 

was directly on the route that would be followed by travek-rs | 

going from the continent to London, or z'/ct' ?'c?-sa ; and in | 

those days it was doubtless a place where they had to stay i 

overnight on the journey between the port and the metropolis. ; 

i\fter the " tailour " there were, from time to time, mem- , 

bers of the famiU' in England who were shoemakers, cord- 1 

wainers, glaziers, grocers, yeomen, clergymen, and gentlemen ; j 

and all of them, in whatever walk of life, were apparently 1 

thrifty people. In the later records some of the name appear | 

as living in Maidstone, Leeds, Dover, Deal, Chatham, | 

Rochester, Hoo, Bromley, and East Greenwich, all (as well j 
as Canterbur)) in the County of Kent ; and some also lix'ed 
in the city of London. 


It inav be interesting to consider t)riefly the places in (icr- 
many and luigland in which tlie family is known to have 
lived, as well as the occnpations its members ha\e followed. 

In the copies of German records published in TJic Docii- 
vioits there are frequent references to the Holy Roman }{m- 
])ire, of which many members of the family were Barons, 
Counts, etc.; and at least one of them was a Royal Imperial 
Councillor, or member of the Kmperor\s cabinet of adxdsers. 
The Holy Roman Empire, though vaguely claiming a much 
greater antiquity, was, as a matter of fact, primarily estab- 
lished by Charlemagne in 800, but acquired actual stability 
in 962 under Otto the Great, King of the West Franks ; and 
from his time on there was an unbroken succession of Ger- 
man Kings who took the name and enjoyed the titular rank 
and rights of Roman Emperors, claiming to be successors to 
Augustus and Constautine ; and these Emperors were acknowl- 
edged in the western countries and by the Latin Church 
as the heads of the whole Christian community. Their 
power, however, was practically confined to (Tcrmaiiy and 
Northern Italv, and became very weak even in those coun- 
tries after 1250. The government of the Holy Roman Empire 
was never an absolute monarchy, and such powers as it had at 
its best diminished greatly, so that the imperial prerogatives 
became very vague and uncertain. The imperial crown was, in 
theory, elective ; and from 1440 to 1S06 all the PImperors 
except two belonged to the house of Hapsburg. In 1S06 Fran- 
cis II, of Hapsburg, resigned his imperial title, and with him 
the Holy Roman Empire ended. 

The city of Cologne was founded in 51 A. D. by the 
Ronutns, and has always been a place of importance. It was 
long a free city and continued to be one after it was annexed 
to the Holy Roman F:mpire in 870. It was the first of the 
German cities to attain any considerable commercial impor- 
tance, and was for a long time one of the most important 
factors of the Hanseatic League. It was the fir.^t German 
city that sent Hause merchants to London, and thus the 
term " Colocaie merchant " v/as known there a great while 

12 mi:morials of tiik qt;is]':np.kkrv I'Amii-v 

before the expression " Ilanse merchant" came into nse. 
I'or man\' years the Diets of the lunpire sat in Colog-ne. The 
cilv was always a stronghold of the Roman Catholic faith, 
and is said to owe its decline, in a large measure, to its intol- 
erance in expelling Jews and Protestants from its borders. It 
is very irregularly built, and the older streets are narrow, 
crooked and dirt)'. The Knglish poet Coleridge visited the 
place in 1804, and this is how it inspired his muse : 

" In Cologne, ii town of monks and bones, 
Aud pavements faiiged with murderous stones. 
And rags, and bags, and hideous wenches, — 
I counted two-and-seveuty stenches. 
All well-detinod and several stinks I " 

It is well to state, however, that when Coleridge visited 
Cologne the Ouestcuberg family had been extinct there for 
some time. Otherwise the town might have smelled better, 
and his imagination might have been sweetened ; and, fur- 
thermore, he would, beyond doubt, have seen some good- 
looking women in the place. 

Kent is a maritime county in the southeastern corner of 
England, and is the portion of England that lies nearest to 
the continent of Europe. It was in this county, near the 
present town of Deal, that C:esar landed with his Roman 
legions in 55 B. C. He found the county settled by a tribe of 
Belgo^, from Gaul — the ancestors of the modern Belgians, 
and doubtless also of the Angles and Saxons who later occu- 
pied all England. These Belgas had disposessed the native 
Ikitons of a large part of southeastern England and of the 
whole of Kent. They are described as, upon the whole, a 
very fine people, with some curious customs, among wdiich 
was that of brothers possessing their wi\-es in common. 

The Romans occupied Kent for about four hundred and 
fiftx' years, and after them came the Saxons, and, at inter- 
vals, those cdl-devouring "wolves of the sea," the Danes, un- 
der their standard of the thievish Raven ; and, finally, in 
1066, came the Normans. And all these — Britons, I5elg:e, 
Romans, Saxons, Danes and Normans, laid well the founda- 


lions of "pure l",n,i;lisli blood." Under the vSaxon regime, 
Kent was an inde])cndent kingdom, and perliaps the most 
powerful of the heptarchy. 

That "the men of Kent" and "the Kentishmen " have, as 
a t\pc, always been of strong character and individuality, is 
sufficiently evidenced by the fact that the\- ha\-e been able to 
maintain through all and varying vicissitudes man}- of their 
old Saxon customs — such, for instance, as the law of gavel- 
kind — which have not survived elsewhere in England. 
Kentish soil seems ever to have been the breeding ground of 
that spirit of protest against injustice and oppression which 
has served, through the centuries, to gradually Iniild lingland 
into what she is to-day — among all the nations the ad\'ance 
guard of the forces of ci\-ili7.ation. 

It was in Kent that Wat Tyler's " insurrection," as it is 
called, occurred in 1381 ; and Jack Cade's rising in 1450 was 
also one of Kentishmen. These uprisings — the indignant 
protests of honest English hearts — have not been treated fairly 
in history. Instead of being the traitorous and reprehensible 
affairs the historians have pictured them, they were rather the 
efflorescence of true patriotism — the justifiable and praisewortlu' 
revolts of good and honest men against the aggressions, 
oppressions and injustice of an idle and worthless ])rivileged 
class who sought to exploit an.d despoil them. A\'at Tyler 
and Jack Cade truly had hearts of English oak, and the}' 
deserve places in luiglish history alongside of Oliver Cromwell 
and John Hampden. The beneficial results of their protests 
ha\-e been felt in every subsequent moment, where\-er the 
English blood has gone or the English tongue has spoken. 

Speaking of Tyler's insurrection, Thorold Rogers says : 
"The true cause was the incidents of villeinage, antl the dis- 
satisfaction felt at revived oppression. It is noteworthy that 
Kent took the lead in the movement. Ihit there were no serfs 
in Kent. To ha\'e been born in that count \', and to prove 
one's birth there, \\as a bar to the proceedings b\' which a lord 
claimed the recovery of his serf. In the many accounts which 
I have read from the Countv of Kent there is no trace of the 


serf-temire, or the serf. . . . Kent Nvas the headcpiarters 
of Cade's re\-olt in 1450, and took action in ahnost all consider- 
able e\-ents np to the da\s of the Connnonwealth." 

At all times Kentishnien have prided themselves npon beini; 
" the most l^nglish of Knglishmen." ^loreover, the Connt>- 
of Kent, and especially the valley of the ^ledway and the 
district abont Maidstone, has been called " the garden of 
England." ^^lany of the ancient Ouestenbnrys (as they spelled 
the name) lived in or near Maidstone, and nearly all of them 
lived in the valley of the IMedway. vSo we of the name at this 
day may mark the happy fortnne which, like a good fairv, has 
ever attended onr race. We have been transplanted from 
Kent to Kentucky — from the garden of England to the garden 
of America. Kentucky, and especially the blue-grass region 
about Eexin.gton (in wliicli Ouisen])err\-s have li\-ed since the 
first settlement of the State), is the acknovvdedged garden of 
America. And as the Kentishmen are '' the most English of 
Englishmen," so also Kentuckians are the most English 
people of our newer England, America. Prof. Shaler, in his 
history of Kentucky (1SS5), says : "In Kentucky we shall 
find nearly pure English blood, mainly derived through tlie 
Old Dominion, and altogether from districts that shared the 
Virginia conditions. It is, moreover, the largest body of pure 
English folk that has, generally speaking, been separated 
from the mother country for two hundred years." And so 
the translation of our stock from Kent to Kentuckv, across 
almost three hundred years of time and nearly four thor.sand 
miles of laud and water, has really been but a natural passage 
from like unto like. 

The city of Canterbury, where our name first appears as 
that of an luiglishman. is \-ery ancient. The Romans found 
a town there in 55 15. C, which they called Duduvernnm ; 
and after their time Ethelbert, the fourth Saxon King of 
Kent, established his capital there, and called the town Cant- 
warabyrig ("the town of the Kentishmen") and in the 
course of time this was eu})honi/.cd into Canterburv. This 
ancient city has long been the ecclesiastical metropolis of 



'; S 

mm ? ^ ■: -'- 


n ,m 


Ui "-l^^^r^- 


'; tJ. 

■ ;^ 'p' ',. ■ I. :•• 


'.•■'■ ' ' I '■* ""'--r'""- 

• ■ • -^ 



lui^laiul, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all 
ICni^land, has had his official seat there for many centuries. 
It is but natural that this should be so, since it was at Can- 
lerl)ur\- that Christianity was first permanently established in 
hhiohind in 596, by St. Augustine and his fellow-missionaries 
from Rome; and St. ^lartin's Church, in Canterbury, is the 
verv earliest seat of Knglish Christianity, as it was in this 
church that Bertha, the Queen of Kthelbert, was baptized 
before Augustine's arrival. 

Kentucky members of our family will, doul)tless, be inter- 
ested in the fact that the word canter^ which designates a 
favorite gait of Kentucky horses, conies from the expression 
'^ Canterbury gallop," the easy pace at which pilgrims rode 
to Canterbury in the olden time, when going to do reverence 
at the shrine of the martyr ^fhomas A' Beckett. 

Of the other towns and villages in Kent, in which members 
of our faniily lived in the past centuries, it is not necessary to 
say much here. Maidstone is the shire-town ; or, as it would 
be called in America, "county-seat." 'Rochester and Chat- 
ham, both ancient, are really one city. Charles Dickens was 
born in or near Chatham, and in one of his short stories he 
savs : "If anyone knows to a nicety where Rochester ends 
and Chatham begins, he knows more than I do." The village 
of Ilromlev was lin i6c)S) the birthplace of the first person of 
our name who came to America, and it was then fourteen 
miles from Lond<ni, of which it is now a part. The father of 
this pioneer to America was Ijorn in the village of Leeds, 
where his grandfather was living certainly as early as 1563. 
Leeds is about four miles from Maidstone, and was long the 
seat of Leeds Priorv, a Saxon foundation ; and Leeds Castle, 
a beautiful and majestic pile, is still there, one of the best 
preserved pecimensof ancient Knglish castles. It is interest- 
ing to know that Leeds Castle was once the home of the 
h'airfax familv, some of whom came to \'irginia and were 
prominent in Colonial affairs. Several short histories of the 
village and parish of Leeds have been printed, but none of 
them are satisfactory. St. Nicholas, the parish church, is 

i6 :\i}::\iORiAi,s ov Tin-; (jiisi:\i;]'-.]u<v i-a^iii,y 

very ancient, and its remarkable square tower is nincli more 
ancient than the bod_\- of the church. 'J'his to\\'er is ]jelic\-e(l 
to have been a vSaxon fortification. Tlie chime of bells in this 
old church is said to be tlie finest in Kent. 

The church registers of the neighboring parishes of Maid- 
stone and Leeds show the entries, three hundred and fifty 
years ago, of such unusual names as Brockman, Couchman, 
Haggard, Plickman, Trussell, Eubanks, vStubbleheld, and 
Ouessenbur\-. I'nusual as these names are, howe\'er, for 
many years they were all numerously represented in Clark 
county, Kentucky ; and this fact may serve to show how 
strong a strain of ancient Kentisli l.dood flows in the \-cins of 
tlie people who inhabit central Kentucky. In the County of 
Kent the ties of kinship are so extensive that the expression 
" Kentisli cousins " has become a pro\-erb. The word cousni 
probably nowhere else in the world expresses the same mean- 
ing that it does in Kent, in England, and in \'irginia and 
Kcntuckv, in America. 

It will be seen that in its history in Germany and England 
the family has had among its menfoers se\'eral monks and one 
Saint (St. Cuniberte), and its other members have ranged in 
"occupations'' from highh- ornamental Lords, Ikarons, and 
Counts to such useful and indispensable members of societ\- 
as tailors, shoemakers, etc. Of all these classes, we of to-day 
have most reason to be proud of those of our forbears who 
who were useful men ; for though the Lord and the Count 
and the Ikiron ina\- l)e gorgeous creatures, of much dignit\-, 
pomp, and magnificence, \-et the world could get along all the 
better without them. But in v.diat would men be Inciter than 
savages except for the tailors, tlie shoemakers, and the people 
who make things? Truly lias Carlyle said in Sarto- J\!t sarins : 
'' vSociety, which the more I tliink of it a-tonislies me the 
more, is founded upon Clothes. < )ften in my atraluliar moods, 
wdien I read of })oin})ous ceremonials, Roval Drawing Rooms, 
Levees, Couchees, and how the ushers and macersand pursui- 

IX Gi'RMANV, i;x(;laxi) axi) A:\n:RTCA. 17 

\-aiits are all in waitino- ; how Duke This is presented by 
Arehl.iisho]) Thai, and Colonel A Ijy (leneral 15, and innume- 
rable lHsho])S, Adniirrds. and niisecllaneous Functionaries are 
advancing- oallantly to the Anointed Presence; and I strive, 
in my remctte privacy, to form a clear picture of that solem- 
nity — on a sudden, as by some enchanter's wand (shall I 
speak it?) the clothes fly off the whole dramatic corps, and 
Dukes, Grandees, Bishops, Generals, even the Anointed Pres- 
ence itself — every mother's son of them stand straddling- there 
with not a shirt on them, and I know not whether to laugh 
or weep." 

The world's grandees and potentates have ever been but 
stumbling--biocks in the way of the progress of humanity. Xo 
great fundamental reform in history has ever come from the 
ruling or aristocratic classes, but always from those who have 
been pinched by povert\'. The v^avior of mankind clearly 
understood this fact when he chose as his disciples and coad- 
jutors only the very humblest men. History shows tliat the 
greatest reform in the annals of ]\ngknid, and to which the 
Anglo-vSaxon race largely owes its present measure of politi- 
cal and religious liberty, was accomplished b\- men who 
occupied tire ''common " stations in life. It was an uprising 
from the ver\' foundation, and those commonly called the 
"dregs of society'' defeated royalt>- and nobility everywhere. 
Joyce, the tailor ; Pride, the drayman ; \'enner, the cooper ; 
Tuffnell, the carpenter ; Okey, the fireman ; Deane. the 
servant, and Cron.iwell, the brewer, with other tradesmen, 
gained control of Parliament, and wielded an influence on 
behalf of the people which will continue to radiate until the 
end of time. 

Leaving, therefore, our Barons and Counts to the j^resence 
wherewith our tailors and shoemakers have encased them, we 
come now to speak of those other occupations wherewith our 
forefathers busied themselves. There were among them those 
who wrote themselves " C'.entleman." ''What is a gentle- 
man?" is a question that has been mooted in some of the 
American newspapers ; and one of them gave the surp'rising 

i8 mi-:moriai,s of tjik nrisi:M;i-:RKv l•■A^rII.v 

definilion tliat "A i^enllcman is a man who doesn't work, and 
is onl of jail/' 

IJlonic-ricId's IIi\^{oyy of Xorfoll: (\'ol. 3, \xvg^ 7S2) says the 
fnst time the title gcnllt'iiu-ni was used in an\- deed was 
Edward III, 4 (1331 1. when vSir Thomas dc Haville sold lands 
in Kcttleston. to John Temper, (Gentleman. The hhicyclo- 
p:edia lUdtannica (ninth edition) in a foot-note to the article on 
Preccdc}ic(\ says : "The heralds and lawyers are agreed that 
'gentlemen ' are those who by inheritance, or by grant from 
the Crown, are entitled to bear coat armor.'' (vSeeCoke, Inst. 
iv, c. 77; Blackstone Comni. i, chap. 12; Titles of Honor, 
pt. 2, ch. S ; Gnillim's Display of Heraldry, pt. 2, ch. 26.) 

One Harrison, a unique painter of manners in the reign of 
Elizabeth, gives the )]iodus operandi oi evolving a gentleman. 
to wit : "Whosoever studieth the lav/s of the realm, whoso 
abideth in tlie university, giving his mind to his book, or 
profcsseth physic or the liberal sciences, or beside his service 
in the room of a captain in the wars, or good counsel given 
at home whereby his commonwealth is benefited, can live 
without manual labour, and thereto is able and will bear the 
port, charge, and countenance of a gentleman — he shall, for 
money, have a coat and arms bestowed upon liim by the 
heralds (who in the charter of the same do, of custom, pre- 
tend antiquity and services, and many ga)' things) and there- 
unto being made so good cheap, be called [Master — which is 
tlie title men give to esquires and gentlemen — and be reputed 
for a gentleman ever after." 

At least one member of the family in England was a clergv- 
man ; but it is liardh' necessary to describe the duties and 
status of a clergyman of the Church of England. When he 
has not already higher rank he necessarily takes rank as a 
gentleman. ■•• v 

'l\vo members of the family v/ere grocers in Eondon, and 
were members of the Worshipful Compan.}- of ( .roccrs of that 
city, one of the wealthiest and most ancient of the guilds; 
and its members were, of course, freemen of the corporation 
of Eondun — that is, citizens with the ri-iu of suffrai-e, a class 


lliat was not nearly so nnnicvons in l^no^land in tlie by-f^^onc 
centuries a'^ it is to-da\'. The onl_\- curious matter now 
recalled about London s^rocers is that the\- were first called 
" pepperers.'' 

It is probable that many oi our family in luigland were of 
the yeomanry class, and it has been adi!iitted at all times that 
''the yeomanry of ICnc^land " ha\-e been the mainsta\' and 
backbone of their country. The yeomen of Kent have been 
an especially thrifty and progressi\-e class, ^vho generally 
acquired considerable wealth, so that they have given rise to 
a little folk-song well known in England, to wit : 

" A Knight of Cales, a Geiitlemnu of Wales, 
And a Laird of the North Countree. — 
A Yeoman of Kent with his yearly rent 
■Will bny 'eia out, all three." 

Now, if a yeoman of Kent with the rents he collects in a 
single N'ear can buN- out a Knight, a (icntleman, and a Laird, 
then it must 1k- admitted either that he is indeed a substantial 
man or else that the other three are reuuirkably " poor 

There has been much curious speculation as to the origin 
and true meaning of the word ycouiaii. The Gc]itlcina)f s 
Magazine sa\-s : " The title yeoman is of military origin, as 
well as that of esquire and other titles of honor. Yeomen 
were so called because, besides the weapons fit for close 
engagement, tliev fought with arrows and the bow, which 
was made of \cz<.\ a tree that hath more repelling force and 
elasticity than any other. After the Contpiest the name of 
yeomen, as X.o their original office in war, was changed to 
archers." Hliezer Edwards adds ( // 'ords^ I-\icls^ and r/trascs) : 
" The word veomau, however, may be a corruption of that of 
geiitlonan. (} and Y were aneienth- used interchangeabh'. 
The \vord gentleman, contracted as in modern times to 
g'rnniian, might have been written yeinnian, from which the 
transition to the modern form of yiojiiaii would have been 
easy. W-rstegan gives the Anglo-Saxon word for gentleman 
as genuene, which favors the hypothesis." 

20 Mr<M(")RIAI.S Ol-' 'I'lll'. OnSlCXlM'.lvkV 1',\:milv 

llanison, the J-'lizabcthaii wiiU-r, says : " Yeoman are those 
which by our hiws arc called /.'j^uf/i's Jtomiucs^ free men, born 
luiglish. . . . The truth is that the wtnd is derived from the 
Saxon term .ztwiiaii, or i^rojiniii, which si^^nifieth (as 1 have 
rcad) a settled or staid man. . . . This sort of people have a 
certain preeminence, and more estimation than the labourers 
and common sort of artificers, and they commonly live 
wealthily, keep good houses, and travel to get riches. They 
are also for the most part farmers to gentleman, or at the 
leastwise artificers ; and with grazing, frequenting of markets, 
and keeping of servants (not idle servants, as gentlemen do, 
but such as get both their own and part of their master's 
living) do come to great wealth, insomuch that many of them 
are able and do buy the lands of unthrifty gentlemen ; and 
often, setting their sons to the schools, to the universities, 
and to the inns of court, or otherwise leaving them suiTicient 
lands whereupon they may live without labour, do make them 
bv those means to become gentlemen. These were they that 
in times past made all France afraid.'' 

Nothing of particular interest has been learned concerning 
the craft of ancient Knglish tailors, except that they were 
generallv men of good repute, and were held in creditable 
esteem. Man\- of them gained considerable wealth, and there 
are numerous instances of tailors attaining high rank and 
official position. It was no uncommon thing for gentlemen, 
baronets, and even noblemen to enter their younger sons as 
apprentices to tailors ; and the. present Prince of Wales is a 
freeman of the Merchant Taylors Company of London, as his 
father was before him. It might interest the reader to consult 
an illustrated autr.ority on Cos/iimcs, and get some idea of the 
fearfulK- and wonderfully constructed garments our ancestor, 
Augustine Or.estvnbery, '' tailour," was making in the good 
city of Canterbury in the year of our Lord 1490 — two years 
before Columbus di-eovered America. 

One member of our family about four hundred and fifty 
vears ago was a '' Glasx'er,'' or glazier, which seems to luue 
been aneientlv a calling of distinction. The Kncyclop:edia 


Biitannica, in the arlicle on G/crss, says tliat in the roll of the 
taxation made at Colchester in 1295 three of the principal 
inhabitants of the town are designated as glaziers. 

From as early as 1543 several of our family have been 
designated in the records as shoemakers and cordwainers. 
The editor has been surprised, in ''reading up/' to find that 
so extensive and so exquisite a literature has grown up about 
" the gentle craft of shoemaking," as it is called. One of 
the most fascinating books in the English language— even 
rivaling Izaak Walton's Cm)iplcai A)iglcy — is that quaint old 
work TJie DcIigliifiiL Priucrly and Ejiieriainiiig History of 
/he Gentle Craft,h\ T. Deloney, published in 167S. Shoe- 
making is called ''the gentle craft " because in all ages and 
countries so many men have gone from the cobbler's bench 
to the very highest distinctions in every walk of life. As 
statesmen, orators, pi.)ets, admirals, generals, ministers — in 
fact, in every calling — shoemakers have attained the greatest 
eminence. Time out of mind '' the gentle craft '' has been 
invested with an air of romance. This honorable title, given 
to no other occupation than that of shoemakers, is an indica- 
tion of the high esteem in which the craft is held. 

Saints Crispin and Crispinian who, it is said, were born 
real priuxces of the blood, are the patron saints of the shoe- 
makers, and were shoemakers themselves. They traveled 
about first in Ciaul and then in Britain preaching to the 
poor. They maintained themselves by making shoes, wdiicli 
they sold to those who were able to pay. For the very poor 
they made shoes without mone}- and without price ; and there 
is a legend that in order thai they might be able to do this 
St. Crispin, in the goodness of his heart, would go forth at 
night and steal the leather from which to make the shoes. 
All shoemakers are now called " Sons of Crispin," and as 
St. Crispin was a real prince, the old saying arose that " a 
shoemaker's son is a prince born.'' 

A cordwainer v,-as a high-class shoemaker — a worker in 
Cordovan leather, or the fine goat-skin leather from Cordova, 
in Spain. Cordwainers were first called Cordo-:vz-ners, from 

22 M1'.^R)R1AI.S 0¥ Till'. OnSl-.X lillRRV F.\:\III,V 

the leatlier in \vhich they worked ; but this tcnn, of course, 
was soon " an<^lici/.ed '' into cordwaitiers. lirent gives some 
rare information abont the ancient brethren of the craft of 
shoemakers in Canterbnry. lie says (jxige.-ji): " By a de- 
cree of Ihu'ohmote, A. D. 1518, it was enjoined that 'every 
Brother vShoemaker, Cobbeler or Corner that will sett np and 
occnp\' as a maister within the said citie and libcrtie of the 
same, shall pay to the wardens of the seide crafte, or ever he 
sett np and occnpy, 3s, 4d, to the maintenance of the afore- 
saide brotherende, upon payne of forfeiture of 6 lbs. of w^ax.' 
The fraternity were ordered ' To come to St. Anoustine on 
the I'east of the Assumption, and of Saints Crispin and 
Crispinns and there make their solemn offering at the mass, 
upon pain of forfeiture of 2 lbs. of wax.' Also, 'That if 
any of the seide fraternitie, dwelling in the liberties of the 
seide citie, intende to be married, then he shall give knowl- 
edge of hit to the Wardeyns of the seide fraternyte three 
dales before the marriage, and then the said wardens to give 
a commandment to the bedill of the same fraternitie to name 
the brethren in due time to go with him from his dwelling 
place tmto the p>arishe church, where matrimony shall be 
solemnized, and to oiTer with him.'' " 

" The death and burial of a brother shoemaker likewise 
caused the warning of the fraternity. ' Upon the next ferial 
da}- after his burial there was en_joined a dirige of the Austen 
Friars '; the next day a mass of requiem, the wardens to be 
present, and to offer, each of them, id, upon pain of forfeiture 
of two pounds of wax. The same ordinance further enacts 
' That the bedill shall see that the dedde body of every brother 
shoemaker have four torches to bring him to the grave, and 
four tapers to be lighted and borne about his corpse, or herse, 
if his body be in the church in time of dirige, or mass, except 
there be two corj)ses in one da\' ; v/hen the seide torches and 
tapers are to be equally divided between them, upon pain of 
forfeiting 2 lbs. of wax, to be levied and di\-ided in form 
aforesaid.' This was a more impo.-ing ceremonial than any 
poor shoemaker could hope for at the present day." 


So niiich b\- way of an introductory accomit of the homes 
and occupations of our ancestors in the okl \\-orld. We come 
now to the consideration of such scrayjs and fragincnls of 
information concerningr their li\-es and deeds as it lias been 
possible to glean from the ancient German and English 

" Gather we from the shadowy past 

The strangling beams that linger yet. 

E'er o'er those flickering lights are cast 

The shroiul that none can penetrate." 



^Inquire, I pray Ihee, of Ihc fortner as;c. n)id prepare tIiy?.clfto Ihc s^earch 
of their fat lien.'" — Job. 


No connected history of the Onisenbcrr}- family in Ger- 
many and }uic,dand can be S'iven, although a oood deal of dis- 
connected but very interesting data concerning- it has been 
collected, from which, perhaps, a connected history may be 
approximately established. It may be well to say just here 
that the authority for all the statements in this narrative is 
given in that subdivision of this book called TJic Docitvicnts, 
which is composed of copies of \-eritable CTcrman and Kng- 
lish records, together with letters from reliable people in 
England and Germany. 

The connection between the German and Knglish branches 
of the famil}' has not, as yet, been thoroughly estai)lished by 
actual records, and may never be ; but the presumptive proofs 
are so very strong that tlie connection as stated in this work 
may be taken for granted. The connection between the 
English and American branches of the family, however, has 
at last been definitely ascertained through an English legal 

The family originated in Germany, where the primary form 
of the name was Ouesteuberg ; but of this there were a num- 
ber of variants, which ma\" be seen b\' a glance at the index 
of this work. Nowhere in the English records so far discov- 
ered is the name spelled Ouisenberr\- ; the nearest approach 
to it being Ouissiuboro\\-. The earliest hhiglish form of the 
name so far found (1490) is Ouestyubery, and the sulxsequent 
forms are ver}- numerous indeed, as shown in the index. It 
is a n()table fact that all I'higli^h names have undergone 
many variations, .and it is to be expected that so odd and so 

IN ClvRMANV, ]',Nf;i,AXl) AXD AMl^RICA. 25 

l()n<; a name as ours sliould, in tlic course of the centuries, have 
undergone a great many. One of the luiglish no\-els gix-es a 
linniorous illustration of the tendency of the I.Cnglisli jieople 
to change and corrupt names. The instance given is that of 
a young nobleman who went to England with ^Villiam the 
Norman ; and, his name being iJeaurepaire, the natives at 
once began to call him " Borriper." One of his descendants, 
centuries afterwards, erected a stately manor house with a 
fine tower, and called it Beaurepaire Chateau ; but it was 
known through all the countr\-side as " Borriper's Shot- 

While no German or Knglishman, so far as is known, ever 
spelled his name Ouisoibcrry (a form of the name which 
originated in America), that spelling has been adopted, after 
due consideration, as the most likely permanent form of the 
name. Ouestenberg, the original form, has long been extinct 
in Germany ; and the name in all its forms has apparentlv 
been utterly extinct in Kngland for tvv-o hundred vears ; and 
even during the two hundred and fifty years it is known to 
have existed there it never had a fixed form, e\'en in anv one 
individual, so far as the records show. In America the name 
has also had nuuierous forms, the only surviving examples of 
which are beliex'cd to be Cushenberr\-, Crusinberr\-, Ouesen- 
l)ury, Ouesenberry, and Ouisenberry, and the last named un- 
doubtedly represents nine-tenths of those who bear the vari- 
ous forms. Cushenberry and Crusinberry, happilv, are now 
almost extinct ; there are but few male Ouesenburvs ; Ouesen- 
berry is still vigorous, but Ouisenljerry flourishes and pros- 
pers as a green bay tree, and is very exteu'^ive. Considering 
these facts, it is believed to be best to adopt Ouisenberrv as 
the generic name for the purposes of this work, since it now 
seems inevitable that Ouisenberr\- is the form of the name 
that will survive long after all the other forms ha\-e disap- 



In 1889 Walter Rye, I^'sqiiire, of London, an expert on 

English names, wrote : " I do not recogni/e Ouiscnberry as an | 

English name at all. . . . It .sounds Dntch to me, tliongh | 

I may be wrong ; and it ma}- be a corruption of some such name ,| 

as Kissenbury, but that, too, I do not know." About the | 

same time several eminent Knglish authorities, among them | 

Dr. Hyde Clark, expressed the opinion that the name is l 

of ])utcli or German origin, and investigations have shown | 

that they were right. | 

]\Ir. Rye's reference to the name Kissenbury is interesting \ 

in view of the fact that in 1280 " Ih-other John Peckham, f 

Archljishop of Canterbury," instituted Nicolas de Kyssingbir' ? 

as vicar of Tilmanstonc, which is eight miles from Canter- * 

bury; and in 1284 Nic. de Kyssingebyr', presumably rlie \ 

same priest, was presented Suudresse vicarage, also in Kent. 1 

As /-'//-'' and /ut' are merely abbreviations of bir/'g or /)\'ri\r — tliat | 

is, d//ro- or ^u?y — the man's name was clearly Xicliolas de | 

Kvssingburv, which comes verv close ituleed to Ouisenberrv : I 

and as he had these two livings in Kent, which seems to ha\e | 

been the home of nearly all the English Ouisenberrvs of i 

whom record has been found, it appeared reasonable that de ] 

Ky.ssingbyr' was surely an early form of that name which 1 

afterwards became Ouisenberry. P'urther investigations, how- ! 

ever, developed the fact that our name, as an English one, | 

must certainly have originated from the Hanse merchants '■ 

named Ouestenberg, of Cologne, Germany, who traded in \ 

Eondon for a century, beyond doubt, and probably did so for j 

a much longer period than that. Prof. W. \V. Skeat, of Cam- I 

bridge University, the most eminent philologist in Europe. ; 

whose opinions are practically supreme in such matters in \ 

England, wrote concerning the name : '' I am strongly of the ' 

opinion that the derivation of Ouisenberry from Ouestenburv. | 

and of both these from the form Questenberg, is extremelv \ 

probable. And, on the other hand, it is not likely that Kys- j 

singbury is the same name." j 


III searching- the English records a lot of data \vas found 
concernino- the names Kislingbiiry, Kislingburie, Kizling- 
l.erry, vSwinsburie, Whitteiibery, Ouinborough, Oiiinborrow, 
Oucnebiu'gh, Ouynborow, Oueensbeary, Oneenborough, 
Oueenbury, Oueneborough, Oiienlingborongh, and Oiieens- 
berry, and while none of these are probably in anv way con- 
nected with our family, the data is, nevertheless, given in The 
Docioiioils. The name Oueenborongh occurs in London in 
1742 ; Oneenbury in i - ^'^ ; Oueneborough in 1S24, and Oueens- 
bcrry in 1S33 ; and it is not altogether improbable that tliese 
are modern forms or variants of Questcnbury and Ouessenbury, 
which were the most usual of the ancient English modes of 
spelling the name. 


Ouestenberg, as the cognomen of a family, without doubt 
originated from a peak of that name in the Harz mountains. 
Btrg is the German for mountain, and Qiicsfcu is undoubtedlv 
derived from the German word Quast, which means a crest, 
plume, tuft, tassell, etc. The peaks of the northern range of 
the Harz mountains, being exposed to the moist, cold winds 
from the Xorth Sea, are nearly all bare of trees. Therefore, 
one of these peaks which fortuitously might chance to have 
some trees on its summit would almost certainly be called 
Ouestenberg — the crested or tufted mountain. And that. 
Messieurs and ]\Iesdames Ouisenberry (or how else vou may 
choose to spell it) is the actual meaning of your name — "a 
crested mountain." Therefore the old Irish device—'' .Mullach 
A-bu " — "the mountain tops forever" — is a very suitable 
motto for our family. The ancient heralds had a wav of 
punning upon names when they granted coats of arms, and 
they did not omit to do so when they granted a coat to the 
Cologne family of Ouestenberg. Their crest is composed of 
five o's,\.x\q\\ plumes. 

Questenberg is said to be a common town or village naine 
in Germany, and a history of the township of Ouestenberg, 


ill tlie Hai'z. lias been |)nl)li.slied. Tliis villa_i^e, wliich is in 
vSaxonv, no doubt took its name from the mountain called 
Onestenberg ; and the family of Oncstenbevg may liave taken 
its name from either the village or the mountain. 

The first individual of the name of whom any record has 
been found v/as Tielmann Onestt-nberg ; and Tielmann is 
s])elled in many wa\-s in the various records, sometimes even 
ap])eariiig as 'fidc'm. He was born in Bortfelde (now 
Bodenfeld) in Brunswick, where nearly all the people are of 
the Saxon race. His birth was certainly not later than 1380, 
for he was a Hanse merchant in London in 141S. He appears 
to have lived for a time in Lubeck, and in 1424 he applied 
for citixenship in Cologne and was accepted, and his citizen- 
ship was confirmed in 1427, when he paid twelve Rhenish 
florins for it. He died in 1446 ; so assuming that he was 
born no earlier than 13S0, he was sixty-six years old when 
he died. It is very probable that he was even older than 
that. Tie married vSybilla von Suchteln, but it is not known 
hov.- many children they had. Bertold, or ]>ertram (Bertrand'i 
Onestenberg who is mentioned in the records from 1442 to 
1481 as a cloth merchant in London, and as a member of the 

Cologne vSenate* who married Margareth in 1445, was 

certainly Tielmann's son. There are many proofs that 
Tielmann Onestenberg was the common ancestor of all the 
people of his name who lived in Cologne after his death until 
about 1797, when that branch of the family became extinct. 
His home in Cologne, situated on the Steinweg, was called 
"Suchteln." His son Bertold, in 1445, the year of his mar- 
riage, bought an estate in or near Cologne called ''Z// dcr 
Lillicii aiif dcr Ih-iiggrn'^ (The Lily by the Bridget, and this 
house proj)erty is mentioned in wills, wdiere it is transferred 
from one member of the family to another, down to as late 
as 1646, when it is described in the will of the noble Lord 
Constantine Ferdinand von Ouestenberg as "old, dilapidated, 
and decayed." And small wonder, after two hundred years ! 

Tielmann Ouestenberg appears to have had a brother named 
Bertold, who is mentioned in the records in 1432, Init it does 


noi appear that he was ever a citi/eu of Coloi^iie. Nor does 
it a])pear positively that Tiehiiann had any otlier children 
besides his son Bcrtold, whose children were — i. Henricns,* 

who married Catherine , who a})parently was an 

)'hiL;lishwonian, and it therefore appears most pro1)able that 
this rienricns (or Heinrich, or lienry) Onestenbero- settled 
permanently in England, and was the fonnder of the ICnglish 
branch of the family ; 2. John, who never married; 3. IJer- 
told, who married IMargherita von Blitterswich in 14 71, and 
was the fonnder of that line of the family which was ennobled ; 
and, 4. Goddert, who married Christina Sehlasgin. 

Ilenricns Onestenberg, the eldest son, was disinherited for 
marrying an Englishwoman in violation of the Hanse rnles. 
John, the second son, did not marry ; and so the snccession 
descended through the third son, Ik-rtold. But his line has 
long been extinct, and so have the lines of all his brothers, 
except only tliat of Henricus, the eldest son ; and we, of 
America, the descendants of Henricus, are the legal heirs to 
the family coat of arms, and have every right to claim it as 
our own, should we be so minded. 

After Tielmann and I>ertold there were several others of the 
Ouestenbergs, of Cologne, wdio were merchants of the 
Hanscatic League at the Cologne Guild in London, namely : 
Conrad Ouestenberch, in 1447, who nia\- have been a son of 
Tielmann\s; Christian Ouestenberg, in 1468, who may have 
been Tielmann's son, or grandson ; Kurt Ouestenberg in 
1487 ; and in 1494 Johann Ouestenberg, who was for many 
years a member of the Cologne Senate. 

Henricus Ouestenberg matriculated in the University of 
Cologne in 1462, and as a university course is usual 1>- four 
years, he doubtless graduated in 1466 and was then taken 
immediately to Ivondon to be trained in the Hanse business 
conducted by his father, to v/liich, as the eldest son, he was to 
succeed. It seenrs probable that he at once fell in love with 
and married an English girl, probably about 1467. 

* IL.'ariciis i-< the Litin form of the name which iu German is Heiuiich, aixl 
in English is Henry. 

30 .MI-;.MORIALS ()!• Till': 01'1S1:XI'.1':rKV I'AMir.V 

There mav have been others, but these are all who are jg 

shown bv the records to have been Coloo-ne merchants in p 

London down to 151 5, the date to which the mi-cellaneons p 

records received from Cologne extend. (vSee TJic /ynniuirii/s.) | 

As the Ilanseatic merchants continned to do bnsincss in Lon- .| 

don nntil 1599, wdien they were expelled by royal edict, it is | 

quite likely there were Ouestenbergs in business there until | 

that time.' The records seem to show that they were cloth | 

merchants, and there is abundant evidence that they became | 

verv wealthy. Indeed, as early as 14 iS Tielmann Ouesten- | 

berg must have had quite a respectable fortune, else he could \ 

not have engaged in the Hanse trade at all, and it ma\- be \ 

inferred that his ancestors had been merchants of the Hanse- \ 

atic League perhaps for centuries before his birth ; but, of \ 

course, there are now no records extant of merely commer- I 

cial affairs in those very ancient times. '\ 

In The I)ocu)}ienis may be found some interesting data ] 

about the Hanse merchants in London, who invariably ] 

retained their citizenship in Cologne, or where else the\- \ 

might have come from, though numbers of them were in | 

London, otT and on, for many years. Their families remained \ 

at home, except that very often their sons were taken to Lon- \ 

don in order that they might be trained to succeed their \ 

fathers in business. These PLanse merchants had many \ 

curious customs. They totalh' excluded women from the ■ 

quarter in wdiich they lived as a communal colony, and no \ 

man anujue them was permitted to sta\' awav from these ; 

quarters for even a single night. All this was on accor.nt of ; 

guarding their trade secrets which the English merchants \ 

were perpetually striving to learn. The cautious Hanse \ 

merchants, fearful of the feminine arts of cajolery, and bear- .. 

incr in mind the case of Samson and Delilah, considered the I 

... I 

only safe course to be that of cutting themselves otT entirely x 

from female society or association of whate\-er description. | 

Whenever a member of the Hanse married an Hnglishwoman \ 

he was expelled, and forfeited all his rights in the League. \ 

But love laughs at Hanse laws, as well as at locksmiths, and | 


it was often the case that the young-er merchants fell in love 
with and married ICnolish .i,nrls, notwithstanding;- the scN-ere 
rmaneial penalties. These, almost without exeei^tion, settled 
down to some useful occupation in London, or elsewhere in 
Ihii^land, and became the founders of hhi^lish families ; and, 
of course, their German names became Anglicized, and were 
more or less changed in the process. 


In Cologne the Ouestenbergs were men of great wealth, and 
from time to time fdlcd most of the important municipal 
offices, and some of them sat in the Cologne Senate ; yet they 
remair.ed burghers or commoners for many years. Before the 
N'ear 1600 the familv was ennobled and granted a coat of 
arms, and as a pedigree of the line by a prominent Geruian 
genealogist (Fahne), extending from before the time they 
were ennobled down almost to the time they became extinct, 
is given in TJie Docituieiits^ it need not be repeated litre, fur- 
ther than to quote the opening sentence : " (^ucstciibcrg. — A 
Cologne family which, remarkable as it is, rose in three gen- 
erations from ordinary burghers to be Barons, Counts, Imperial 
Counts and Princes.'' 

A copy of the coat of arms of the Cologne family of Oues- 
tenberg, taken from that in the official \Vappen]:)uch of the 
city of Cologne, is reproduced as the frontispiece of this work. 
A technical description of the arms is gi\'en in another place. 

The wills of the ancient citizens of Cologne are now pre- 
served in the Roval Archives at Dusseldorf, and from thence 
have been procured copies of seven wills of Ouestenbergs, 
extending from 1523 to 1646, and these are printed in 
'1 lie DociDiioits^ some in wdiole and some in part. Thc\" 
arc well worth reading, and they show ver\' clearly the 
status of the Ouestenberg family for the })eriod the}' cover, so 
that need not be gone into here. Johann Ouestenborch, 
whose will is dated Janiuary 3, 1523, was the son of Bcrtold- 
and the grandson of I^ertold', the son of Tielmann. Johann's 

32 MKMOrUAI.S Ol- Till". OUISl' X ni'RRV I'AMILV '- 

son Bertholdt' was also a ITausc nierchanl in luig-land, v,-l:ere 

he seems to ]ia\-e been a rattlin<^- blade ami a riotous liver. |" 
Hu\ve\-er lie j^iilled himself to^^etlier ; and in 154^ died rich 
and respected, and in the odor of sanctity. The most illus- 
trious member of the family who e\'er li\ed in Cologne seems 
to Iku'c been '" The noble l.ord Hermann \-on Ouestenbcrg, 
Lord of Gross-Kolschaw, Ponicisel, Stro^^etitz and Hrdtberg, 

Court Councillor of His Rt)man Imperial !\rajest\'.'" t 

There is no earlier Oueslenberg will now on tile than that 
of Johann Ouestcnberg, 1523; but in the miscellaneous 
records reference is made to the will of Tielmann Ouesten- 

berg, who died in 144 6. Doubtless there were otlier Ones- ' 

tenberg wills between that time and 1523, but they are now I 

lost, which is much to be regretted, as they would be of much ' 

greater interest than the later wills, interesting as the later : 

ones are. f 

vSome of us, no doubt, will take a decj) interest in reading ;._ 

in these old wills about the Lords and ])ar(nisand Counts who ^ 
wdio have adorned the annals of our familv"s historv. It is 

certainlv a consolation to know that thev were not "robber [' 

Barons," but made their mone\' honestly and by their own t 

exertions — which is a great deal more than can be said of i' 

many Lords and Ikirons and noblemen of high degree. U 

A very interesting statement is that of Lord Frederick r 

Constantine von Ouestenberg who, in 1646, when about to '' 

renounce the pomps and vanities of this wicked world and § 

enter a monastery, made a will ; for, as he said, when he | 

became a monk, he ''sutTered a spiritual death with respect to •; 

the world and its possessions." In this will he makes the 3 

surprising statement that he was *^ more than seven feet tall ! " J 

A yet greater interest attaches to this statement when it is I] 

remembered that '• the old stock " of Ouisenberrvs in X'irginia ? 

were verv tall men. Rev. Tames Ouiseuberrx, who went from i 

. . " ^ ■ . g 

\'irginia tu Kentucky in 1783, was six feet six inches in | 

height ; Dr. John Ouiseuberry, who, much later, also went i 

to Kentuckv, was six feet and seven inches ; se\'eral others s 

were almost as tall, and but few of tlie men of the family t, 

were under six feet and four inches. 


To this sainc will of Lord Frederick ConsUuitine Ouestcu- 
bcrj; we arc indebted for the information that we liave had a 
real canonized saint in our family. He beqneaths " to his 
nuich-bcloved noble nncle St. Cnnibcrte, of Coloo;ne, 150 
Cologne thaler, as a remembrance." The rontineof a .saint's 
life in those days is believed to have consisted in livincr in a 
sqnalid hut, counting beads, and refraining from wjishing 
himself. From this latter fact ma\- have arisen the expres- 
sion, " the odor of sanctity," so often applied to saints and 
holy men. 

The Countess Elizabeth Constantina von Ouestenberg, the 
sister of Lord Frederick Constantine, above mentioned, mar- 
ried Gundacker, Prince of Diederichstein ; and their nncle, 
Caspar von Ouestenberg, became tlie Abbott of the famous 
vStrahofT Monastery in Prague. He was a very learned man, 
and his biography has been published several times in 

The family of Ouestenberg became extinct in Cologne 
" before i 797." The wonder is that it did not become extinct 
long before that time, as .so many of them became monks 
and nuns. It may be well to state that the Ouestenbergs of 
Cologne educated their sons at the best German universities, 
and many individuals of the family instituted prominent 
religious foundations. 

Some time after 1600 a branch of the Cologne family of 
Ouestenberg went to Austria, where they became even more 
distinguished than the parent stem at Cologne. The line of 
the Austrian branch is included in the Ouestenberg genealogy 
in The Docuvioits. Count Johann Adam von Ouestenberg 
was Councillor of War to the Ivtnperor of Austria, and was 
one of the most famous War Ministers known to t^nrope. 
His memory has been embalmed in literature as a principal 
character in Schiller's Piccolofiiiiii. The Austrian branch of 
the family became extinct upon his death in 1752 without 


male issue. To the Count of Kaunitz-Rietburg, whose sister 
he had married, lie left by will his coat of arms but not his 
title. An account of the Count of Kaunitz-Rietburg may be 
found in the Hncyclop:edia liritannica. 

The arms of the Austrian branch of the Ouestenberg family 
were : 

Ecartele de or et dc azur, an lion de sable arme et lampassee, 
de gules la queue fourchette brochant sur les ecarteleurs. 
Casque couronne. 

Civiier : — Un jxanache de douze plumes de autriche, ecartele 
de or et de azur. 

Lavihyequi)i : — De or et de azur. 

The arms of Ouestenberg of Cologne are almost identical 
with these, the principal difference being that while the 
Austrian branch had a dozen ostrich plumes in their crest 
the Cologne family had but five. 

It appears that a branch of the Cologne family of Ouesten- 
berg settled in Silesia, but there are none of the name there 
now, and that branch has probably also been extinct for many 

In 1899 the directories showed that there was no person of 
the name of Ouestenberg in any of the cities of Germany or 
Austria. The nearest approach to it — and it is very close — 
is the name of a widow, Rob : Ouastenberg, who lives in 
Hamburg, and who has not replied to a letter that was sent 
to her. Neither do the directories give the name of Ouesten- 
berg in any of the cities of the United vStates or Canada, 
though there is a Charles Ouastenberg living in Xew York 
city, who likewise has not answered a letter — and no infor- 
mation could be gleaned from either of these sources. So it 
may be concluded that Ouestenberg, the original form of our 
name, is everywhere extinct as the name of people. 


It has already ]:>een shown that Tielmann Ouestcnberg's 
son Bertold had four sons, of whom Ilenricus Questenberg, 
the eldest, must have married in England about 1467. Ilav- 

IX (;i;rma.\'y, J']) axd ami;rica. 35 

iiii;- ilonc this he iindoiibtedly .suffered llie inevitable conse- 
quences-- loss of fortune as well as of his rif;ht to be a Hanse 
merchant; and as he would, on account of his marriage in 
violation of the Hanse rules, be in disgrace in Cologne should 
he return to that place, there was nothing left for him to do 
except to remain in Hngland and become an Knglishman. 
This he evidently did (for there is no subsequent mention of 
him in the Cologne records, and he the eldest son of a wealthv 
and powerful family) ; and from h\m descended the English 
family of Ouestenbury. It is probable that he married in 
Canterbury and settled there, as the first instance of the name 
as that of an Englishman is foinid in the old cathedral citv, 
when, in 1490, '' Augustine Ouestyngbury, tailour," paid six- 
teen pence for the pri\-ilege of being allov/ed to exercise his 
trade in the ward of Westgate. Augustine's father, Henricus 
(or Heinrich) Questenberg, probably took up the business of 
tailoring when, about 1467, he married and lost his status as 
a merchant of the London Hanse, for one who had been a 
cloth merchant, on being obliged to labor v/ith his hands, 
would probably turn his attention to tailoring. Or, perhaps, 
still having some capital, Heinrich Questenberg mav have set 
up as a cloth merchant in a limited way, or as a merchant 
tailor on his own account ; and in that event his sons would 
most likely have been taught '' all the secret arts and mys- 
teries " of the tailor's craft. 

If Heinrich- Questenberg married an Englishwoman in 1467, 
and had a son born that year or in 14 68, whom he named 
Augustine, then in 1490 that Augustine Questenberg would 
have been twenty-two or twenty-three years of age, and out 
of his indentures and ready to begin business on his own 
account. The municipal records of Canterbury show, as a 
matter of fact, that in 1490 one Augustine Questyngbury c//c/ 
begin business for himself as a " tailour " in that year, and 
as that was his first appearance on the records, he was then 
most likely not long out of his indentures as an apprentice, 
and consequently twenty-one years of age or thereabouts. 
Where the records fit so closely to what the facts must have 
been, we cannot choose but accept the natural inferences. 


In Kngland /^n^ ^^' ^>^"\^ wonkl always be changed M-ithout 
delay into boroiig/i or bury, and thai was what occnrrcd in 
this case. The (".ernian name Ouestenberg soon became Ones- 
tenbery, Ouestenbnry, etc., in luigland, and as the / was 
silent, the name, as a matter of conrse, was pronounced Qiics- 
eulutry. The ICnglish records show that where members of 
the family signed the name themselves they wrote it Onesten- 
bury or Ouestenbery, but when others wrote it they often did 
so without the /. This shows that the / was silent. 

The records disclose that Augustine Ouestynbury continued 
to pay his yearly license as a tailor in Canterbury from 1490 
until 1510 — a period of twenty years — when he disappears 
from the books, and the inference is that he died in 1510 or 
151 1. The municipial records of the city were of course 
written by the Town Clerk, and during these twenty years 
our ancestor's name appeared in those writings under the 
forms of Ouestyngborough, Ouestynbery, Ouestynbury, Oues- 
tynborow, and Questyngbury, In 1504 it appears as Aust>n 
Ouestyngbur}'. It would be interesting to know how he 
spelled the name himself. 

How many children Augustine Ouestynbury had it is now 
impossible to know. John Ouesteubury, who was apprenticed 
to William Warlowe (trade not named) in 1507, was doubtless 
his son ; and so must have been Thomas Ouestynbery, 
"Glasyer," who set up for himself in 1522. If so, he could 
not have been born later than 1501, as he must have been of 
legal age in 1522. Thomas Ouestynbery continued to pay an 
annual license of tweKe pence or sixteen pence as a glazier 
in Canterbury until 1525, after which there is no further 
mention of him, and it appears probal)le that he died in 1525, 
and that perhaps he was married and left a child or two, but 
whether he did or not cannot now be known. He could not 
have been the father of Henry Ouestynbery who set up as a 
shoemaker in Canierbury in 153S, when he (Henry) must 
necessarih- have been at least twenty-one years of age and 
may have been more. Therefore, Henry ma\' have been the 
son of John Ouesteubury, who in 1507 was apprenticed to 


William Warlowc ; and if apprenticed at the age of fourteen 
years, as was nsnal, he was born in 1493. 

Henrv Ouestenburv, shoemaker (born about 151 7, as he 
must have been twenty-one \ears old when he beo;an business 
in 153S), paid three shillings and four pence yearly as an 
intrante from 153S to ij^43, in which year he became a free- 
man of the city of Canterbury — a fact which goes to show 
tliat he was then a man of substance. For being made a 
freeman he paid thirteen shillings and four pence, a consider- 
able sum at that time. A freeman is one who enjoys or is 
entitled to citizenship, franchise, or other peculiar privileges — 
as a freeman of a city or vState. In the olden time the po.sition 
of such a freeman gave the right to trade in the place. In the 
year 1543 freemen, or voters, were not very numerous in 
Canterbury. Brent's CcDiitrbury I'li Ihe Olden Ti»ic says: 
" In Canterbury the elective franchise was considered to 
have always been vested m the freemen. The freemen 
obtained their privileges either by birth, as sons of freemen 
born in the city, by apprenticeship, or by marriage with a 
freeman's daughter." 

It can never be knov.-n how many children Henry Ouesten- 
bury, of Canterbury, had. The records prove that he had at 
least one son, ^larcus, who was born after his father had been 
admitted a freeman of Canterbury in 1543, and it is believed 
that Henry Ouestenbery, of Leeds, Kent, was also a son of 
Henry, of Canterbury, as there is no other way of accounting 
for him. 

Marcus Ouestenbury may ha\e been born in the latter part 
of 1543, and certainly was born not later than 1543, for we 
find that in 1551 Marks Ouestenborow was enrolled as the 
apprentice of Peter London, who apparently was a shoemaker ; 
for in 1564 " Marks' Owestenbery," necessarily being not less 
than twenty-one years old, was admitted and sworn to the 
liberties of the city of Canterbury, " for ye whitche he paid 
not, be caws he was ye son of Harry Owestenbery, who was a 
fireeman beffore ye birth of ye said Mks." Nothing is known 
about his children, thoueh Amve Ouestenburv, who was 


ba])tized at All Saints' Church, Canterbury, on June 25, 1576, 
was doubtless his daughter. The registers of the same church 
show that on May 26, 1597, " INIarck Oueshcnbury was 
buryed." In \^irginia, Kentucky, and other places, a very 
usual pronunciation of Ouisenberry is " Cushenberry," and 
it has long been a subject for wonder ho\\' such a pronuncia- 
tion could have come about. Yet the entry of the burial of 
Marck Oueshcnbury, on the registers of All vSaints' Church, 
Canterbury, shows clearly that there was a tendency toward 
such a pronunciation as " Cushenberry " as early as 1597 — 
more than three hundred \'ears ago. 

Edward Bowles, of Dover, and Ann Quessenburrie were 
married at All vSaints', Canterbury, in 1606. " Anne Ouesten- 
bury, widdowe," was buried at All vSaints' Church in 1624, 
and most likely she was the widow of ]^Iarcus. After tliat 
there is no other mention of the name Ouestenbury, in any 
form, in Canterbury, until 1663, and it is probable tliat the 
name was extinct in that city during most of the interim. . 


We come now to Henry Ouestenbery, of the village of 
Leeds, Kent, from v/hom the Ouiscnl;)errys of America are 
descended, as is established by evidence that is practically 

Leeds is an ancient village in the valley of the Medway, 
situated four or five miles from Maidstone, twenty miles from 
Canterbur\', and about the same distance from Rochester and 
Chatham. It is about forty miles from London. " St. 
Nicholas" is the name of the parish church — the church in 
which our lineal ancestors worshipped certainly as early as 


By an order of Thomas Cromwell in 1538, the vicars and 
rectors of English parishes were directed to keep registers, in 
wdiich were to be entered all the baptisms, marriages, and 
burials that might occur in the several parishes. The parish 
registers ought to be complete from that date, but are not. 





A'i^tr o:Ht»i 


iv Cs^^r^iV /^f'^y^'f^ ^■<^6-Ji:..^ f'f^'r^'k'Wyai^' I 





The order was not strictly enforced until 1559. The registers 
of Leeds parish are practically complete from 1557. The 
acconipan\'ing- fac similes of two pages of the registers of 
Leeds parish showing entries of the baptism of IMillicent 
Onessenberry in 1563, and of Johannes Ouessenbury in 1581, 
should be very interesting to the American branch of the 
family. It will be observed that one of the pages is signed 
at the bottom : ^^ per uic Jt€iiyicu))i iikien curat'.'" Rev. J. 
Cave-Rrowne, in a little history of the parish, speaks of the 
good caligraphy of Rev. Henry Tilden, as shown by these 
registers. Perhaps ]\Ir. Cave-Browne could see beauty in tliat 
writing, but it appears hardh- as legible as that of Har\' 
Ouestenbery, a fac simile of whose signature as " churche 
warden" of the parish in 1605 is reproduced lierewith. 

It is interesting to know how he spelled his own name. 
The difference between Ouestenbery and Ouestenberg is very 
slight indeed, and it is highly probable that down to as late 
as 1605, and perhaps later, all the members of the family 
svrote their name Questenbery. The '' churche warden '' 
certainly wrote as good a " hand " as the " curat'." 

This Henry Ouestenbery, church warden, was the head of 
the family in Leeds. His first cliild, '^ IMillicent," was born 
October 17, 1563, when he could hardly have been less than 
twenty-two years of age ; so it may be assumed that he could 
not have been born later than 1541. He married Mildred 

, who died in Leeds in 1604. Lesides Milicent (who 

died in 1577) there were seven other children, all sons, wlio 
appear on the register of baptisms as follows : Johannes 
Ouessenberi, Xov. 14, 1565; Christoffer Onessenberry, Jan. 
28, 156S ; John Quessonberry, Aug. 20, 1570 ; George 
Onessenberry, April 26, 1573; Richard Ouessonberr_\', Feb, 
19, 1577 ; Jacobus Quessonberry, Xov. 15, 157S ; Johannes 


Quesseiiberry, vSept. 3, 15S1. The DociiDioils also contain a 
list of most of these entries, taken from the lUshop's transcript 
at Canterbnry ; and in these transcripts Millicent Onessen- 
berry, as she is pnt down on the original register, appears as 
" ^lilisant Vestonbery, daughter of Henry \>stonbery." 
Vestonbery is a very strange variant of our name, yet, no 
donbt, there are people in the world who would pronounce it 
" Cnshenbcrry." 

It seems that several centuries ago it was quite customary 
for people to give a favorite name to three or four of their 
children, in order to be the more sure of perpetuating it, and 
this may explain why Henry Ouestenbery named three of 
his sons John. No doubt Henry, of Leeds, was the grandson 
of John, of Canterbury, as has already been surmised, and he 
jnay have been very fond of his grandfather, and, therefore, 
was impelled to take extraordinary pains to honor Inm by 
perpetuating his name. JoJiaiincs is merely the Latin form 
of John, -Oi.?, Jacobus is of James, and the old-time church reg- 
isters of England were kept, more or less, in Latin. 

None of Henry Qucstenbery's sons were married in Leeds 
parish, and none of them died there, and after 1606 the 
name never appears upon the registers of that parish again, 
and it does not appear at all upon the registers of any of 
the adjacent or neighboring parishes, all of which have been 
examined. It has been a puzzling question as to what became 
of these sons, as no subsequent record could be found of any 
but two of them — James and one of the Johns. The other 
five have disappeared completely, leaving no trace or record 
that has yet been found, though diligent search has been 

Henry Ouestenbery, of Leeds, must have been more than 
ordinarily well off in this world's goods, for his times. It is 
known that he left to his youngest son, James, several houses 
and messuages in Leeds parish, and to do as well by the 
other six sons he must have been rather a wealthy man. The 
eldest son, who was probably John Ouestenbery, of Roches- 
ter, no doubt recei\ed more than all the other sons to^-ether. 


In 1663, in the Chancery cause of Oueslenbiny 2>s. Catlett 
(see 77^r JXh'iiinrHLs), reference is made to a will of eleven 
sheets, which was then in evidence, and wliich, in the nature 
of the case, could have been the will of no other than Henry 
Oucstenbery, of Leeds. This will, which was then in the 
Reoistrar's Office for the Diocese of Rochester, seems now to 
1)0 utterly lost. lUit a will that required eleven sheets must 
have bequeathed a consideral^le amount of property, for in 
1645 " Kenry Ouestenbury, of Maidstone, Gentleman," grand- 
son of Henry Oucstenbery, of Leeds, disposed of quite a little 
fortune in a will of two sheets, and it was not a short will 

Henr\" Oucstenbery, of Leeds, probabh' died in Rochester 
after 1606, and it seems that one of his sons named John died 
in that city before i6i4,and they apparently lived in the par- 
ish of St. Nicholas, the existing registers of which go back 
no further than 1624, the earlier ones having been lost, so the 
exact dates of the death of Henry Ouestenber\-, as well as that 
of his son John, the father of Henry Ouestenbury of Maid- 
stone, are now beyond recovery. 


It is learned from tlie registers of Leeds parish that "Johan- 
nes Quessenl)eri filiits Henrici " (John Oucstenbery, son of 
Henry) was baptized Nov. 14, 1565, and the baptism of chil- 
dren nsually occurred within a few days after their birth. A 
close roll dated July 2, 1614, mentions " Henry Ouestenburie, 
son of John Ouestenburie, late of the city of Rochester in 
the said County of Kent.'" This was no doubt the John, son 
of Henry, wdio was born in Leeds in 1565. As he died before 
July 2, 1614, he did not attain an age of more than forty- 
nine years. His widow, Jane, married Robert Johnson, of 
Southfleete, gentleman, and John Ouestenbury doubtless also 
wrote himself gentleman. He was the eldest son, and as 
such would have sncceeded to most of his father's property ; 
and it appears that his widow had se\'eral valuable messuages 


ill Rocliesler. It is known that this John Oncstenbury liad 
at least two children — Henry and Anne. On Dec. 5, 1625, 
license was issued in London for the marriage of Alanrice 
Kady, of vSt. Dnnstan's West, gentleman, and this Anne 
Onestenbnry, who lived in the same parish, and was then 
twenty-four years old, and was therefore born in 1601. 

Henry Oncstenbury, gentleman, is first mentioned in 1614, 
in a legal document, and it appears he was not then of age, as 
some property bestowed by that document was " paid (for) by 
the friends of the said Henry Ouestenburie," and therefore he 
could not have been born earlier than 1593, and may have 
been born later. He was far and away the most prominent 
man of his name who ever lived in B^ngland, so far as the 
records as yet discovered disclose. The Ouestenbergs of 
Cologne had a coat of arms, and unless they claimed this the 
Ouestenberys of England never had any that was granted or 
recorded by the Heralds' College. Yet Henry Oncstenbury, 
of Maidstone, terming himself and being termed by others, 
"Gentleman," in legal documents and elsewhere, must neces- 
sarily have borne a coat of arms. He affixed to his will (dated 
in 1645) ^'^ heraldic seal, which signifies that he did have 
a coat of arms that was in no particular similar to that which 
had been granted his kinsmen in Cologne by the Heralds 
of the Holy Roman Empire. A fac simile of the seal used 
by him is reproduced on the title page, Technicalh' described 
it is " two wings in lure '' (having some reference to Falconr}') 
with the letters /. A'. What these initials mean is not known, 
but it was suggested by the custodian of wills at Somerset 
House, London, that possibly they may stand for Jacobus 
Rex (King James 1) who reigned from 1603 to 1625, '^^""^ they 
may signify that he had bestowed a grant of arms upon Henry 
Oncstenbury for some special service. Holden's J-rifiwr of 


Ill-raid)-)' says tliat "arms \verc assumed al will, or were 
i^ranted by greater nobles to crusaders or others. . . . Auy 
individual has the right to assume and bear a coat of arms, 
and in Kngland there is no legal obstacle to this, but the arms 
of a citizen are not recognized unless they are registered at the 
Heralds' College." 

Henrv Questenbury, gentleman, was evidently a man of 
con-^iderable wealth, and he bought and owned lands in various 
parts of the valley of the Medway and elsewhere in Kent. 
In 1614, while he was still a minor, Peter KUis, of Southfleete, 
Kent, gentleman, conveyed to him " that messuage or tene- 
ment called Rowsden, containing forty-and-two acres, lying 
and being in :\Iarden, in Kent, . . . and also that nies- 
suao-e in Wick street, in Maidstone, and all the other messuages, 
lands, etc., of Peter FHlis situate within the County of Kent." 
Marden is near Maidstone. In 1626 he bought of Andrew 
pA-ans and Walter Harflete. gentleman, the manor of Deane 
Place, vrith the appurtenances, consisting of one hundred and 
ninety acres hdng and being in Meopham and Luddesdown, in 
Kent. In 1627 PI. Ouestenbery was living at IIoo, a suburb 
of Rochester. In 162S he is described as "Henry Questen- 
bury, of Rochester, gentleman." In 1638 he was living in 
Maidstone. In 1641 he bought of Peter Ellis " two messuages 
and two gardens, with the appurtenances," in Maidstone. In 
1643 ^^^ bought an annuity or yearly rent charge on a landed 
property in Peacham. Kent. 

He made a will v.hich is dated February 19, 1645, ^"*^^ ^^'^'^s 
proved March 14 of the same year, so he died between those 
dates. A fac simile of his signature to the will is reproduced 
herein. He seems to have been rather a remarkable man. It 
is probable that he had a university education, and in his will 
he refers to his books in a way that indicates that they may 
have been valuable as well as numerous. He also refers to 
other properties than tliose above-mentioned, and principally 
to "all that messuage and landes with the appurtenances 
scituate and being in the parish of vSt. Nicholas Atwoode in 
the Isle of Thanett in the said county of Kent, which I late 

.'j.| Mi:.MOKlAI.S OV Till' OriSl'.XIU-.URV rA^MlI.V 

purchased of Thoinas Panainore,* L^cullenian." He names in 
the will his wife vSara, and dau^^hters Sara and Mary, but 
leaves nearly all his properly to a ehild then unborn, with 
wliich his wife was " Enseint,''' in case it should be a male 
cliild, and names as his executors his brolher-indaw, !\Ir. 
Maurice T{ady,and his " Lovinge cosine, l\Ir. Thomas Turner.'' 
There was a Thomas Turner, born 159 J, wdio was Dean of 
Rochester from 1641 to 1643, ^vhen he became Dean of Can- 
terbury. The witnesses to the will were Richard Pleade, who 
was afterwards made a Raronet, and Henry Wriothesley, of a 
family very distinguished in Kent and elsewdiere. 

The will states that Henry Ouestenbury was married at 
Tovell, in the parish of Maidstone, but there is no entry of 
his marriage in the registers of that |)arish, so it must have 
occurred elsewhere. It is believed that his wife's maiden 
name was Kllis, but this is only conjecture. Nothing more 
is known of liis daughter Sara than is stated in the will, but 
on Januarv 22, 1663, license was issued for the marriage of 
his daughter Marv, then living with her mother in Rochester, 
to Nicholas vStonehouse,t of Chatham, in Kent, gentlenuin. 

* A Thomas Parrainore was Vicar of Leeds, Kent, about that time. The 
properties owned by the Parramore family in the parish of St. Nicholas-at- 
Wade, I*le of Thaiiet, Kent, are given by Ilasred as: (1) Bnrtlett's, alias 
Thoueton. bought by Thomas Parramore in 157S. (2) St. Nicholas Court 
Manor, and (3) St. Nicholas Court Farm, both owned by Thomas Parramore, 
and by his v.'ill descended to his son Thomas Parramore in lG3tj. (One or both 
of these must have been the property bought by Henry Que>teubury a short 
while before IBb^.) 

+ Hftsted"s Kent, Vol. 2. page 4S(;, says: '-MilgLite, an eminent seat situated 
in P.earsted parish, in the beginning of King Henry Vllth's reign became the 
property of the ancient family of Stonehouse, whose ancient seat was at Hazle- 
wood, in P>oughton Mallierbe. Kobprt Stonehouse was of Bearsted, Escpiire. in 
the latter end of King Henry Vlllth's reign, and left issue by P.osf-, his wife, 
daughter of P.oydou, of the County --f Essrx, one son, George Stonehouse, Esq., 
wh(i in the be'_'inniug of the reign of Queen Elizabeth alienated that seat to 
Thomas Fhnhl, Esq.. afterwards Kni-hted. This George Stonehouse was 
Clerk of the Green Cloth to Queen Elizabeth, and lived at West Peckliaru. 
County Kent, where he died in 1".75. He was twice married : tir>t, to Elizabeth, 
dau. of Nicholas Gibson, T-'sq.. by wIumu he liad no issue; secondly, to Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Davv Wood<-roft, by wh'im he had four sons, of whom William, 



1 ^ 


... '^r 





i • 

I' ; • 

W\ ^ 

^1 .. 2 




and the niarriai^c was to be celebrated in one of three named 
churelies in London. Whether that child of llenrv Onesten- 
l>ury, who was unborn at the time of his death in 1645, was ^ 
son or a danc^hter no record has yet been discovered to show. 
If a son, he may have been the Rev. Thomas Ouissinborow, 
who was livin^L;- in the parish of vSt. CtUcs Crippleoate, London, 
in 1673, of whosL- antecedents nothing- has been learned. Or 
this Rev. Thomas Ouissinborow ma}- have been the son of 
John, the son of James, the son of Henry QnesLen!)er\-, of 
Leeds. The re<^nsters of the parish of vSt. Nicholas-at-\Vade, 
Isle of Thanet, do not contain an\- entry of the name of Oues- 
tenbury in any of its forms. 


Xdyyt^-B^ CLM^ft'>rJi 


James Ouestenbury, the son of Henry, of Leeds, was the 
linical ancestor of all the Quiscnberrx's (however they may 
spell the now in America. He was baptized at Leeds 
on Xovember 15, 1578, and appears on the parish rei^ister as 
"Jacobus Ouessonberr}', filius Henrici " (James Oucslenbery, 
son of Ilenrw) He was married, but not in Leeds parish, 
apparently, as there is no entry of the marriaL^c in the parish 
register. He li\-cd in Leeds for some time after his marriage, 
however, for the registers show that two children were liorn 
to him there, namely: " i6c\[, ]\Iay 6, !\Iildred Ouessenberry, 

the eldest, was created a Baroaet aiiuo 4 Charles I ; aud Xi-diolas, the second 
sun, was of Buxley, in Kent."' 

Vol. 2, page 132: "In the heraldic visitation of Keut, auiio IGlit. is an 
entry of the descent of Xiehohis Stoueho', of ]?oxley, second sun of Gcor_-.- 
Slonehon-o. of Little Peckham, Ks,}., by his sejoud wife. Elizabeth Woodcrot't. 
He married Joane, dau. of Duke Otterlon. of the County of J)e\on, hy wh-mi he 
had one sou, Duke Stouehouse, boin in l")'.*',), and four dati^hters. -^Duke 
►Stunehouse was the father of Nicholas Stonehouse, who married Mary t,)ut->ten- 
bury in li;r,3.) Stonehouse arms: Argent, on a fess sable, between 3 hawk?, 
volent a/.\ire, a leopard's face between 2 mullets or. 

aG :m]cmori.\i.s oi' Tin-; orisi':Nj',i:RRv iw.AriLv ^-.f 


filia Jacobi, baptizatus fuit " (Mildred Ouestcnbnry, danohter 

of James, was baptized); and " 1604-5, Jan. 5, John Onessen- 

bcrry, filins Jacobi, was baptized." |j 

James Ouestenbnry, yeoman (for so he wrote liimsclf), seems ' 
to have lived for a time in P^romley, Kent, for on the registers 

of that parish is the following- entry in good, honest English : -f 

" 1608, the i6th of March, Thomas, the son of James Qnesten- f^ 

bnry, was ba])tized.'" Thomas Oncsteubnry therefore wonld ?s 

not have been of legal age, twenty-one }-ears, until about j| 

March 16, 1629. It is well to remember this fact, for it % 

becomes of importance later in this story. ^ 

From Bromle\', James Ouestenbnry went to Hast Greenwich, t[ 

Kent, now called Greenwich, which is just across the Thames ^' 

from " Old " London ; and the parish registers shov.- that he ^ 

was buried there on September 16, 1620. In his will, dated | 

August 12, 1620, he bequeaths all his '' lands, tenements, rent I 

charges, annuities and hereditaments whatsoever lying in | 

Leeds, to John Ouestenburye, my eldest son, and his heirs, he | 

paying vearlv out of the same to my son Thomas Ouestenbnry, | 

for his life, thirty shillings," etc. Thirty shillings was a great | 

deal more money then than it is now, and was not an | 

insignificaut annuity for a boy. He made bequests to his 1 

daughter Mildred, and to his wife Joan, who was also named | 

as executrix. Henry Shorey, of East Greenwich, yeoman, 1 

was made overseer of the will, and the witnesses were | 

Reginald Cyleydell and John And roes.* | 

The widow, Joan Ouestenbiuy, then aged forty years, was f 

married at St. Peter's Church, Paul's Wharf, London, on .\Lay ] 

19, 1624, to John Griffin, of the city of Westminster, gentle- | 

man, a widower of sixty. The daughter, Mildred, married | 

William Welch, as is shown in a fine levied in June, 162S, in 1 

which John Questcnbury, Thomas Ouestenbury, and William 1 

Welch, and Mildred, his wife, unite in conveying to Thomas ] 

Thatcher *' two messuages, three gardens, and three acres of | 

* John Androes wds also probably (leiCfiided from a Hanse uiercbaiit, Androe«> i 

being a Dutch or Gorman name, and aiiDther form of tho name Audre, which ! 

was well known in Cologne. I 



land, wiLli the appurtenances, in Leeds," wliiel! had been left 
lo jolin Oucstenbnry nnder his father's wiH. Thomas and 
Mildred had a reversionary interest in this proi)ert\' in case 
John shonld die withont lawfnl issne, and they had to join in 
the transfer to make it legal. It wonld appear from this 
document that John Qnestenbur)', then twenty-two years old, 
was not married, else his wife wonld also have joined in the 
transfer. Whether he afterwards married and had children, 
or what became of him, is not known, as no further record 
concerning him has been found. 

It will be noted, however, that Thomas Qucstenbury, born 
in March, 1608, would be but little more than twenty years 
old in June, 162S, and could not have joined in the transfer 
of that property. Furthermore, there is strong- presumptive 
evidence that in 1628 he had been in Virginia for three or 
four years. 


Thomas Qucstenbury, son of James Ouestenbury, of I^ast 
Greenwich, yeoman, was the first of the name, and it is 
believed the only one, who ever came from Kngland to 
Virginia, and in that event he was the ancestor of all of the 
family now in America. If any otlierof the name ever came 
to this country no record of the fact has been found thougli 
an exhaustive search has been made. 

He probably came to Virginia about 1624 o^ 1625, ^'^*^ ^^^ 
returned to luigland in 1650, and settled in Canterbury, 
leaving in \'irginia two grown sons — PVancis, who died 
unmarried, or at least without issue ; and John,* who married 
and had numerous descendants, and about whom a great deal 
of interesting information may be found in Genealogical 
ATcmoranda of the Quiseiiberry Family^ published in 1897, 
Thomas Ouestenbury v/as probably married in \'irginia when 
only eighteen or nineteen years of age, as early marriages 

. *The will of this Jubu Qnesseubury, who died in Westmoreland County, Va., 
in 1717, was witnessed by Francis Quisen>)ury and William Griflin. It is 
probable that this William Griitiu was Thomas Questenburv's half-brother. 

.[S .M1':.M()J<IAI,S OF Till". nriSlvXl'.I'iRUY KAMII.V 

were ^qreatly cnconrao-cd at thai time in tlic Old Dominion. 
His son Jolm, wlio si^clled liis name 0/frssc';/^>ur]\ was born 
in 1627, so l^liomas Oucstcnbnry must ]ia\-c been in \'irf^inia 
at least as early as 1626 or 1627, ^^""^^ could not have been in 
England in 1628. 

In June, 1663, Thomas Ouestenbury, then a shoemaker in 
Canterbury, Knglaud, fded a bill in chancery to recover the 
rent charge left him on the Leeds property by his father's 
will. He recites in this bill that his fatlier died in 1620, 
leaving him a bo}- of the age of twelve years; and that he, 
plaintiff, "having no one to take care of him, could not obtain 
the payment of the thirty shillings a year, though he often 
asked for it, but was forced to seek his fortune and go be>-ond 
the seas, where he remained for man\' years ; that is to say, 
until about 1650, since which time he has often demanded 
the payment of the said rent charges from tlie tenants of the 
said lands,'' etc., but was unable to collect it. His father's 
will was abstracted and hidden in order that he might be the 
more easily defrauded by the j^owerful people whose interest 
it was to defraud him, and he lost the suit, notwithstanding 
all the evidence and equity in the case seemed to be in his 

It may be inferred from his statement in the chancery bill 
that Thomas Ouestenbury went beyond the seas — that is, to 
Virginia — while still in his nonage, and because he had no 
one to take care of him at home. His mother, who was his 
natural guardian, a woman in good circumstances, married 
John Griffin, gentleman ; and it was doubtless at the instance 
of Griffin that the l)o\- was cast off and left to shift for him- 
self. -Mr. Grifhn, no doubt, collected the thirty shillings a 
year rent charges on the Leeds property until it was sold in 
162S, and devoted the money to his own purposes. \'ery 
likely it was he who united in the transfer of that property 
to Thatcher, doing so in the name of his stepson, who was 
then still under age, and far away beyond the seas. Thomas 
Ouestenbury could not have been defrauded by his brother 
John (who was himself a niinur until 16271 for he named his 

IN gi:r.manv, }-:xc',i.axi) and ami;rica. 49 

fivsl son John, and tlKio can be no donbt that lie [^ave the 
chihl tliat name in honc)! of liis brother. 

In 161 8, 1620, 1622, and 1624 ^^^^ \'ir<^inia Coniijany of 
London sent over to Virginia companies of boys who ^vere 
friendless, or were neglected by their friends in London ; 
and they took care to send none but worthy boys of good 
character. The lads were taught useful trades in \'irginia, 
where skilled artisans were then in great demand, and were 
given opportunities for acquiring as much education as boys 
generally recei\-ed at that time ; and as they finished their 
trades or attained their majority they were each given sixty 
acres of land. At least that was the contract under which 
they went to \'irginia. Some of these bovs grew to be 
wealthy, and many of them were the beginning of what are 
now prominent American families. 

Thomas Questenbery certain!}- learned " the gentle craft of 
shoemaking " in \'irginia. He could not have come over 
with either of the companies of bo\'s who arrived in t6iS and 
1620. He might have come in 1622 or 1624, and must cer- 
tainly ha\'e arrived in one or the other of those years. He 
seems to have been born under an unluck}- star, for lie was 
always unfortunate. The inference is that he did not prosper 
in Virginia, else he would not have returned to Kngland, 
where, in 1663, he stated that he was "a very poor man.'' 
On his return to England in 1650 he set up as a shoemaker 
or cordwainer in Canterbur\-, and it is believed that all the 
Questenburys in Canterbnr\- subsequent to that date, of whom 
record has been found, were of his family. In 1665 Joane 
Ouestenbury, his daughter (named for his mother) was buried 
at the Church of St. Mary, Xorthgate, Canterbury. In 1666 
Thomas Ouestenbury, cordwainer, of the same parish, was 
surety on a marriage bond. In 1672 vSarah Ouestenbury, 
spinster, of Canterbury, doubtless his daughter, acknowledged 
to owe to Hartobello Grunston, blaster of the Rolls, ^40, 
which she charged should be paid out of her property, there- 
fore she must have been in good circumstances. W'lu' she 
should owe the ^Master of the Rolls jr.\o is a mystery, unless 

50 MIOIOKTAI.S Ol" 'J'lll': onsi'-.xni'.RRV I^'AMILV 

it ^vas for the costs that accnied a<;ainst lier father in liis 
losiiio suit in chancer}- a few )ears before. Th.e ]\Iaster of 
the Rolls is a \-er_\- proniinenl oflicial (second only to the Lord 
Chancellor himself) in the I^n^lish Court of Chancery. In 
1675 ]\Iildred Ouessenbur\', of Deal, who may have been a 
dant^hter of Thomas Ouestenburx', and named for his sister, 
was married to William Chandler, of Canterbnry. In 1678 
Alice Ouessenbury, who may have been either his wife or his 
daughter, was buried at the Church of St. Mary, Xorthgate. 
In 1689 Ulizabeth Ouessenljury was married at the same 
church to Thomas Gibbens, and this is the very last positive 
mention of the name that has been found in England. 

It is not known when Thomas Ouestenbury died, as no 
record of his death has been found in Canterbur}-, or elsewhere. 
The latest record about him is dated 1666, when he was surety 
on a marriage bond, and at that time he was fifty-eight years 
old. It is probable that he died about 1672, when his 
daughter assumed to pay the costs of his chancery suit ; and at 
that time (1672) his age would ha\-e been sixt\-fonr years. 
His life was full of troubles for which he was not responsible, 
but he has been at rest for more than two hundred and twenty- 
five years. Peace to his ashes ! 

Though Thomas Ouestenbury himself apparently did not 
prosper in America, the race he left behind him here, alwa\-s 
a prolific one, lias been very prosperous indeed. The old 
Hanse thrift and business instinct have cropped out among 
them incessantly, from geueratiou to generation, and mauv of 
them ha\-e been quite wealthy, and all of them, practically, 
well-to-do, and good livers. And what is more to the purpose, 
honesty, probity and candor ha\-e been race characteristics 
with them in all tlie generations since Thomas Ouestenljury, 
a poor but honest boy, first set his foot on " Old \'irginia's 
shore" two hundred and seventv-fi\e years aero. 

IX {)^:u^rANv, Kxcn.Axn ami a:\[i-:rica. 51 


Record has been found of a few people of our name in 
Jvondon, who could not be connected by an\- even prcsunipt.i\e 
proof witli any other brandies of the family. The most that 
can be surmised is that the\' ma\' ha\e descended from some 
of the unaccounted for sons of Henry Ouestenbery, of Leeds, 
or from Thomas Ouestenbury's brother, John. 

In 1666 license was issued for the marriage of Praise Oues- 
senbourow, of St. Sepulcher's parish, London, grocer, about 
twenty-one years old, to Mar}- Xatt, of the same parisli ; and the 
marriage was to occur at either of two churches named : 
Islington, Middlesex, or Christ Church, London. This was 
the year of the great plague and the great fire in London. 
I-'raise Ouessenbourow's name indicates ver\- clearly that his 
branch of the family were Turitans " of the most straitest 
sect of the Pharisees.'' His full name was, very likely, Praise 
God. Praise Cyod Ouiscnberr\' ! Piucbus! 

On P'ebruary i, 1673, license was issued for the marriage 
of vSamucl Ouissinburrowe, of St. Giles, Cripplegate, London, 
bachelor, twenty-three, to INIary Warner, of the parish of St. 
Michael, Bassishawe. Rev. Thomas Ouissiuborow alleged 
that her parents were dead. Although this license was issued 
P'ebruary i, 1673, the marriage did not take place until 
September 4, of the same year, as the parish registers (St. 
Giles) show. Oliver Cromwell was married in this church, 
and Milton, the poet, and Fo.xe, the niartyrologist, are buried 

On August 3, 1681, "Praise Ouessenborow, sonne of 
Samuel Ouessenborow, was admitted by patrimony"' to the 
Grocers' Company, of London. The words "admitted by 
patrimony " show that Samuel, the father of Praise, was also 
a freeman of the Grocers' Company. And these were a new 
Praise and a new Samuel. Praise Ouessenbourow, who was 
married in 1666 could not have been the father of Samuel 
who was married in 1673 ; nor could this Samuel have been 
the father of the Praise who was admitted to the Grocers' 


Conipain' in i6Si ; but the similarity of names indicates a 
close relationship between them all, and tlicre may liave been 
a \"er\' numerous famih' of the name in London about that 


The records thus far disclosed (and it docs not seem that 
any others will be found) do not indicate that the family of 
Ouestenbury was ever very numerous in Hngland at any one 
time. Thoug-h the names of many of the family there have 
been found, they are scattered over a considerable period of 

The English records do not appear to ha\'e been thoroughly 
kept, especially the parish registers. There are man\- apparent 
g^aps and omissions in these that are unaccountable, and but 
for these omissions we might have had a much more connected 
history of the famih'. Again, we find record of certain lands 
being in possession of certain members of the family in Kent, 
but no record of how those lands came into their possession 
or went out of it. The system of land transfers inter vivos in 
England, seems a ver\- strange and cumbersome one to an 
American, but it need not be discussed here. 

The extinction of the Ouestenbury family in England 
(where it v,-as ne\'er numerous) by or before the year 1700, 
may be largely due to the fact that many of its members were 
carried away by the great plague, 1664 to 1666, and that such 
of them as survived had few or tio male children after that 
time. At any rate, they totally disappeared from England, 
as they afterwards did from Cologne and Austria and Silesia. 
But there are thousands of us yet in America, where, let us 
hope, we may never become extinct. 



' Cf/i!dicn's childyen die tlic ci-ov:u of old men. mid tJtc glory of c/n'ldrcn 
are their fa///ers." — Pkovkrbs vii, 6. 


A book called Gcucaloo;ical Moiioraiida of iJic Quiscubcrry 
Fa)ui]y and OtJier Faitiilics was published in 1897, to which 
those readers are referred wlio desire a more particular and 
detailed account of the American Ouisenberrys. Only a 
resume will be attempted here, though this sketch contains a 
good deal of new matter, or matter that was not published in 
the former book. 

When the first book was printed it was supposed that John 
Oucssenbury, who appears in the records of Westmoreland 
county, Va., about 1651, was the first of the name in An}erica ; 
and it was also believed that he had been born in England. 
Howe\"er, it has already been shown in a previous part of 
this book that Thomas Ouestenbury came from England to 
Virginia, about 1625, '^'^^i although an exhaustive search 
has been made, no record has been found of any other person 
of the name e\'er coming at all. So John Quessenbury, who 
was born in 1627, necessarily must have been the son of 
Thomas Ouestenbury, who returricd to England in 1650, 
when John was about 2^ years old. The first record John 
signed in \'irginia was by mark, indicating that he could not 
then write, but all the subsequent records in which he was 
concerned are signed with his name, showing that he had 
learned to write after the return of his father to England. 
Hi> brother Francis, who also remained in \'irginia, where 
he died unmarried after 17 14, appears never to have learned 
to write. The / in Ouestenbury is shown to have been silent, 
and this explains why John Ouesscnbur\- left it out of his 

54 Ml-:.MOR]AI.S DK Till', Ol'ISl'.Xl'.lvURV I'AMII.V 

name when he leanicd to write after his father had gone 
" home/' and there was no one to tell him the correct orthog- 
raphy of liis name, which he appears to have spelled phonet- 

John Oucssenbury died in 17 17. The name of his wife is 
belic\-ed to have been Anne Pope, and she was, no donbt, a 
cousin of that other Anne Pope who married John AVash- 
ington, the great grandfather of CTCorge Washington. 

John Ouessenbnry and Anne, his wife, had three children — 
John, who died childless, and William and Humphrey. Some 
of William's descendants are still living in Westmoreland 
county and other parts of \'irginia, and others are scattered in 
various States, but it has not been possible to learn much about 
them. One of his grandsons, Nicholas Quesenbury, settled 
about 1775 in Margate Parish, Wake county. North Carolina, 
and from him are descended some families of the name in Ten- 
nessee, Arkansas, Indian Territory, Texas, etc. The names 
of some of his sons were Anderson, John, PTumphrey, James, 
and William Minor Quesenbury. The latter was born in 

North Carolina, June i^, 1777, and married Betsey in 

W^inchester, Tenn. His eldest dau., Sallie Quesenbury, m. 
Col. Alfred Henderson, and one of their daughters m. r)r. W. 
W. Walker, of Schulenburg, Texas. The other children of 
Wm. Minor Quesenbury were: PZlizabetli, m. Mr. Shorers ; 
Ricliard, who liad sons Albert and Sanford. (Sanford Quesen- 
bury m. Bessie Crreen, of \an Buren, Ark., and they had one 
child — Sue, b. July 9, 18S1). Thomas, who had several sons, 
and Frances, who m. Mr. Quail, and had several children, 
one of whom m. Plon. James H. Berry, now a United States 
Senator from Arkansas. Pier other children were ]\[rs. Jennie 
Blackburn, Mrs. PL C. Carter, Walker Quail and William 
Quail, all of C)zark, Ark., and r^Irs. O. M. Bourland, of \'an 
Buren, Ark. 

Humphrey Quesenbury, youngest son of John Quessenbury, 
of AW-stmoreland county, \a., lived in King Cieorge county, 
Va., and had at least two sons — Thomas and Humphrey. 
Humphrey went to Westmoreland county, and died tliere in 


J 77^1, Icax'ino imnicrons cliildren ; one of whom, Mar)-, 111. Jolm 
Marshal], uncle of the Chief JiLstice of the same name, and their 
son, Ilnmphrc}' Maishall, was a United States vSenator ( i 795- 
iSoo) from Kentucky, and author (1812'^ of the first history of 
Kentucky. Thomas Ouescnl:)ury, the other son, settled in 
Caroline county, \'a., and was the father of Aaron Quisenberry, 
who, no doubt, was his only child. 



This Aaron Quisenberry, as shown by the records, could 
not write, but signed by making a capital A as "his mark." 
It has for some time been noticed that all the people in the 
various parts of the United States who spell their name 
Quisenberry (and the\- are very numerous) can with \-er}- 
little trouble be traced back to this Aaron Ouisenberry. His 
sons were all well educated for the times in vhich they 
lived, but they were in a county in which no other branch 
of the family lived, and when they came to spell their name 
they spelled it as it sounded to them — Qniscnbcrry. Aaron 
Ouisenberry was a wealthy man, but it appears probable that 
he was left an orphan while still of tender years, and 
would account for his education being- neglected. In 1756 
he left Caroline county and bought a plantation in Spottsyl- 
vania ; and this he sold in 1769, immediately buying another 
(614 acres) in Orange county, where he died in 1795. The 
dates of his birth and marriage are not known, but he was 
probably l)orn about 1715. His wife, whose Christian natue 
was Joyce, is supposed to ha\'e been the daugliter of Rol)ert 
Dudley and Joyce (layle, his wife,' who uwned a plantation 
adjoining that of Aaron Ouisenberr}', in Orange county. The 
sons of this marriage were : i. Aaron, Jr.; 2. }^Ioses ; 3. Wil- 
liam; 4. John; 5. George; 6. James. 

56 M]';^[ORiAL.s oi' riiK onsi'.xr.i'.RKv i-AMrr.v 

I. Aaioii Quisc)ibcyr\\ Jr.^ 

lived and died in Orange county, and was twice married. 
The name of his first wife is not known ; the second was 
Sallic Kllis. His children were : i. Stephen. 2. Thomas. 
3. Aaron Shelton. ^. David. 5. W'innifred, m. Morris. 
6. Polly, \\\. Bell. 7. r>enjamin, v.-ent to Kentucky. 8. Joyce, 
m. W'm. Re\nolds. 9. Sallie, m. John Henderson. 10. Kliza- 
beth, m. Tiiomas Nelson, and the}' went to Kentuckv. 
II. Hezekiali Ellis, m. Sally liurris. 12. Xancy, m. Curtis 
Brockman. 13. Lucy, m. Asa Brockman. 

(3) Aaron vShelton Ouisenberry ni. Henrietta Reynolds, and 
they went to Jefferson count}', K}., in iSio. Their children 
were Robert and William, and Kvaline, who m. ViX. Johnson, 
and was the mother of Plon. K. Polk Johnson, who was for 
many years the manao^ing editor of the Louisville Courier- 
Journal, whose dan. m. Garrett vS. Zorn, of Louisville. 

2. Muses Ouisenhc) yy. 

It is regretted that more could not be learned about Moses 
Quisenberry and his descendants. As a matter of fact, the 
publication of this work was delayed for several months in a 
vain effort to secure fuller information about them. 

The records of Orange county, Va., show that in 1772 
Aaron Ouisenberry and Joyce, his wife, " in consideration of 
natural lo\'e and affection," conveyed to their son Moses 
Quisenberry 100 acres of land ; and they also show that the 
original deed was " delivered to James Ouisenberry, son of 
Moses," in i 7S9. Moses Ouisenberry left \'irginia and went 
to Kentucky, and the early land records of that State show 
that he entered 131 acres in Breckinridge county, ar.d after- 
wards 137 acres in Crreen count}-. In addition to James, he 
had sons named Johai, fjcorge, and P^lward Sanford, and per- 
haps others — all of whom were born in \'irginia. These sons 
settled in Christian county, K}-., about 1S15, atid now have 
descendants in that count}- and in other counties in vSouth- 
wcstern Kentuck\-, exce])t lulward Sanford Ouisenberr}-, who 
moved to Logan county, Illinois, in 1835. 

^■:^.,-^y. .'^^-•-v.v^,.v. , ^...,,. /^'-.r^w HrYA:.,^ <^ i.^^ ..^^ /.-^^^ •; 

:-_^;L...>^.,„v,C,..., ././:.,,/ ^'-.r,rv<A<:,..,'i /f,. ,/;' z^^:,, ...,„ aI.„.,^ '. 


James Quisciibcrry, of Chrislian county, Ky., had sons 
named Kdward and Ricdiard, and perhaps others. Nothing 
has been learned of the children of John and (Tcorge. 

Miss Jennie F. Ouisenberry, of Calhoon, McLean countv, 
Ky., \vrites (]\Iay 20, 1900): " My ])arents died when I was 
quite youno-, and I have seen and know but little of my 
father's peo])le. My grandfather, James Quiscnberrv, of 
Christian county, married a Miss (rarrett, of the same countv, 
and they afterwards moved to Muhlcnburg county, Ky,, near 
Greenville. They had but two children, Edward E. Ouisen- 
berry (my father) and Catherine Ouisenberry, both deceased. 
]\Iy father married ]\Iiss Margaret Davis, who belonged to one 
of the finest families of the State, and they had seven children, 
of whom but four are now living. Catherine Ouisenbeiry 
married a Mr. Frazier, and Robert Frazier, of Crreenville, K\'., 
is their son. I have Ouisenberry relatives in Christian 
county, but have ne\'er seen them. I have been in this 
county but two years, and am a teacher in Calhoon College. 
Thomas and Garland Ouisenberry live in vSacramento, this 
county. I do not know who their father was, but I know 
they belong to my branch of the family." 

Fvdward Sanford Ouisenberry, the youngest child of Moses 
Ouisenberry, was born in \'irginia in 1787. He served as a 
soldier in the war of 1812, and soon after the close of that 
war he settled in Christian county, Ky., and in 1835 he 
moved to Logan county, Illinois, wdiere he became quite 
wealthy. He was twice married and raised nineteen children 
to be men and women— nine sons and ten daughters. Among 
his descendants now living in Illinois are H. C. Ouisenberry, 
Arthur Ouisenberry, Allen Ouisenberry, T. H. Ouisenberry, 
E. S. Ouisenberry, J. J. Ouisenberry, R. Ouisenberry, J. 
Quiscnberrv, T. Ouisenberry, and W. Ouisenberry. 

3. M'illiiDn Ouisoibcrry^ 

a copy of V, hose signature appears on the accompanying fac 
siniilt' of a bond he ga\'e to Henry Tandy in 1795, v/as born 


in Ovano-c county, \'a., about 17^17, and died in the same 
coniit\- in iSoS, leaving- a considerable estate. He was twice 
married. By his first wife, Aj:,niace Morton (daughter of Eli- 
jah ]\lorton and Ivli/.abeth Hawkins) there were four cliildren, 
as follows : 

1. Aaron Ouisenberry, married vSarah , and the\- had 

one son, Richard, who died young, 

2. Klizabeth Ouisenberry, married P.enjamin Pendleton. 
Three children — i. Ann, wdio m. a Mr. Howard, and moved to 
Alabama; 2. \\'illiam, who also moved to Alabama ; 3. John. 

3. Jane Ouisenberry, married Smith, and moved to 


4. Klijah Ouisenberry, born ]\Iarch 10, 17S1, and died June 
29, 1S45, ^t "Rose \'alley," Spottsylvania county, \'a. Mar- 
ried Lucy Nelson * (born April iS. 17S3 ; died Jan. 10, 1S4S), a 
lineal descendant of the first Thomas Xelson, of Yorktown, 
Va., and their 10 children were : i. Xelson Ouisenberry. died 
unmarried. 2. William Ouisenberry, married Jane Hiter. 
Children— Rev. \Vm. Y., Rev. Hiter X., Elva, Sarah, }^Iattie, 
Virginia, Inez, Leta, Pearl, and Ralph. 3. Agnace Morton 
Ouisenberry, married Thomas Smith ; no children. 4. Lucy 
Tate Ouisenberry, married James Gardner ; one child — Dr. 
James E. Gardner, a surgeon in the United States Xavy, who 
married Frances Jones, of X'ew Hampshire (a lineal descend- 
ant of \Ym. Penn) and has two children — James and ?^Iary. 
5. Albert Ouisenberry, married Julia Fant ; four children — 
John Strother, Joseph ]\I., F'rances, Lucy. 6. James ]\I. Ouis- 
enberry, born 1S12 ; married Frances Spindle (granddaughter 
of ]\Iajor Benjamin Alsop,t of the Revolutionary Army), and 
their children were : I^lizabeth \'irginia Ouisenberry. P^mma 
Ouisenberr\-, m. James Taylor, of Kent county, ]\Id ; no chil- 
dren. P'llen Ouisenberry, m. Dr. Geo. P. Holman, of Vir- 
ginia ; four children — Archer P., Mary,\'irginia, George. Har- 

* The Nelson arms are : " Per pale, argent and sable, a cbevrou between 3 fleurs 
de lis, couuterclianged. Crest — a fleur de lis." 

+ The AKop arms are : " Sable, 3 doves argent, wings expandi'd, legged nud 
beaked gules. Crest— A dove with wings expandtd, holding in lii.s V'cak an car 
of wheat." 


riet Oniscnberry, 111. Dr. W'inficld Dulaiicy, of Maryland ; no 
cliildren. James 'M. OnisLiiberry, m. Lucy Jones, and settled 
in Tipton County, Tenn.; three children— Kate, Kdj^ar, Wil- 
bur. 7. Dr. John A. B. Ouisenberry, died in Paris, Kv., 
unmarried. 8. A)in Ouisenberry, m. Benjamin Vass ; no 
children. 9. Thomas Kdwin Quisenberry, born 1S20; law- 
yer ; m. Anna Price (descended from Gen. Daniel Morgan, of 
the Revolutionary Army), and settled in Danville, Ky., where 
he died June 15, 1S71 ; three children — Lucy Ouisenberrv, 
died unmarried ; John A. Ouisenberry, married Pattie Beatty, 
daughter of Ormond Beatty, LL. D. (President of Centre 
College, Kentucky), and Pattie Bell, and they have one child — 
Thomas Kdwin Ouisenberry, born IMay 24, 1S91 — and Robert 
Taylor Ouisenberry, who in 1880 graduated in law from the 
L'^niversity of Virginia, in which institution his record has 
been rarely equalled and never excelled. He is now (1900) 
practicing law in Danville, Ky. 10. Susan Ouisenberry, m. 
James Walton ; four children — James, m. Matilda Farrand ; 
John F., m. ^Lay Helm ; Sallie, m. James Hall ; Susan, m. 
James Wright. 

By his second wife, a widow vSwann, William Ouisenberry 
had six children, as follows : 

1. William Ouisenberry, a physician, who lived in King 
Cieorge county, \'a., married a widow Ashton, and left no 

2. James Ouisenberry, married PUiza Stone, and moved to 

3. Charles Ouisenberry, married Antonio Brent, and lived 
in Lynchburg, Va. 

4. Lucy Ouisenberry, married a r\Ir. Montague. 

5. Maria Onisenberr\-, married a ?klr. Thompson. 

6. Ann Ouisenberry, married Ralph Dickinson ; two chil- 
dren — Rev. Alfred Dickinson, D. D., of Richmond, Va., and 
Dr. Charles Dickinson. 


4. yo///.' Ouisciihcrry 

probably went from Oranoe comity, \'a., to Kentucky in 17S3, 
in company with his brother, Rev. James Ouisenberry. At 
any rate he bought land in what is now Clark count}-, Ky., in 
178S, but in iSoS he sold it and went to Warren conntv, Kw, 
where he settled. His wife's given name was Rachel, but her 
maiden name is not now known. It is believed that John 
Ouisenberry had several sons and daughters, but no one now 
has knowledge of any but one of his children — Nicholas 
Quisenberry, who sold his farm in Clark county in 1808, and 
also .settled in Warren county. 

Nicholas Ouisenberry married, in Clark conntv, Lucv 
Stevens, daughter of James Stevens, and they had ten 
children, viz : 

I. John Ouisenberry ; 2. James Ouisenberry ; of neither of 
whom is an}-thing now definitely known. 

3. Menawether (or Maury 1 Ouisenberry, wdio was the 
father of William S. Ouisenberry, now the only one of the 
name in Warren county, Ky. 

4. Mary Ouisenberry, married a IMr. White. 

5. Susan Quisenberry, married Robert Morris, of Warren 
county, Ky. 

6. William B. Ouisenberry. born near Bowling Green, Ky., 
Jan. 7, 1812; settled in Columbia, Mo., where he married 
Joan Henderson, daughter of Judge James Henderson. Their 
children are Sallie A. Ouisenberry, who married Dr. John S. 
Potts, of San luancisco, Cal. ; I^Iary Ouisenberry, who 
married Dr. Edward C. Camplin, and lives in Hollister, Cal.; 
Helen Ouisenberry, who married Samuel E. O'Bannon, of 
Litchfield, 111.; and Eucy Ouisenberry, wdio married Dr. 
Pinckney PVencli, of St. Eouis, Mo. 

7. Sallie A. Ouisenberry (called Paulina), married Dr. 
Richard F'ord. 

8. Chesterfield Ouisenberry, born in Warren county, Ky., 
married in Ikjwling Green, Ky., P>b. 2, 1843, to Susannali M. 
Scaggs, and in 1859 settled in Boone county, :^Io. Went to 


(rrayson comity, 'J'exas, in 1S75, and died in vShcriiian, Texas, 
in .tSSo. lie liad ele\-en cliildren, \i/ : i. James Xicholas, 
b. Ang. 16, iS.\.\ ; ni. in 1S79 Laura Kllen Cook, and tlie\- 
have two children— -Lenion.s Watson and Nellie May. 2. Har- 
riet Kllen, b. May iS, iS.jG; in 1S67 m. l^'ancis ?^Iarion 
^Murray, and had two children — Francis Marion and Harry. 
I'ecoming a widow she married John D. Vanlandigham, by 
whom she had one child — lierschel. 3. Alzira JCwing, m. 
]>enj. F. Cockran, bv whom she had one son — Lennv. 4. Wil- 
liam Monroe, m. Mary Murphy, of St. Louis. 5. Dorothy 
Smith, b. Sept. 14, 1S49; m. Wm. R. Hopper, of Gainesville, 
Tex., and had two children— Edward Everett and Nellie Lee. 
6. Lucy Ann, recently married, and lives in Chicago. 7. John 
Briggs, never married. Was fitting himself as a sculptor 
when accidentally killed in 1S89. S. Henry Jackson, never 
married. Was first engineer on a line of Pacific Ocean 
steamers. Now a gold miner in the Klondike. 9. Everett 
Bell, b. Oct. 26, 1861 ; stenographer and court reporter. Nov. 
26, 1S90, m. Hattie Cora Elliott, and they have two children — 
George lUliott, b. Aug. 30, 1891 ; and Maxine, b. AFirch 11, 
1S97. 10. Paul Jones, b. Feb. 2, 1863; m. Effie Peal in Pilot 
Point, Texas, in 1884, and they have one child — Henry Jones, 
b. 1888. II. Robert Lee, b. July 21, 1865; i"- -"^cla Pearl 
\'anlandigham, and they have had three children, of whom 
only one survives — Arthur Lee, b. 1893. 

9. Monroe Ouisenberry, b. in Warren county, Ky., Nov. 16, 
1825; iii- Carrie Cress in Litchfield, 111., Oct. 16, 1867, and 
settled in Boone county, ]\Io. Died 1898. He had three 
children, viz : i. hVancis Marion, b. Aug. 10, 1868. 2. Jesse 
Lee, b. July 11, 1871 ; now living in Chicago. 3. Alma Lee, 
b. July 19, 1 88 1. 

10. Harriet Pdlcn Ouisenberry, married, first, Cyrus 
Jenkins; secondly, a Mr. Durham, by neither of whom she 
had any children. Died in Bowling Green, Ky. 


5. (reorge Quiscuhcrry^ 

whose signature ai)pears on the bond of Wni. Onisenbeny, 
rejnodneed in this book, lived and died in Orano-e eonnty, \'a.; 
was three times married, and had 22 cliildren, viz : {\)\ first 
wife, Jane Daniel): Jane, m. Wm. Reynolds; George; Sidna, 
m. John Newman ; Daniel, m. Mary Rhoadcs, who survived 
him, and in 1S37 settled in Saline count)', Mo., with her seven 
children; Vivian, m. Sarah Wright; r^Iillie, m. John New- 
man ; Elizabeth, m. John Herndon. (l>y second wife, I^eggy 
Reynolds): Kliza, m. Ijcnjamin Wright; Joseph; AVilliam, 
m. Kitty Terrill ; Joyce; David; Albert, m. Sarah Reynolds ; 
Lucy, m. Jack Wright; James, m. ist, Klizabeth Rhoades ; 
2d, Frances vSanders ; ?^Iary Ann, m. John Falconer; Sarah, 
m. George Tinder; George; John, m. Mary Ellen Rose; 
Nancy, m. Richard Tinder. I'y his third wife George 
Ouisenbcrry had two children who died in infancy, and were 
never named. 

The seven children of Daniel Ouisenbcrry and !\Iary 
Rhoades, his wife, have left a very numerous progeny in 
Saline and adjacent counties, in Missouri. Among these are 
Richard D. Ouisenberry (son of Daniel Ouisenbcrry, Jr., and 
Mary A. Gwinn), b. March 19, 1864, and married Mrs. Lissa 
Perry on April 30, 1S90; and Thos. E. Ouisenberry (son of 
George Ouisenberry and Sarah E. Reynolds, his v/ife), who 
was married in 1S93 to ?\Iabel Doan, and has children. Richard 
D. and Thos. E. Ouisenberry both live in Slater, ]Mo. 



6. JKev. Ja)ius (luistiibcryy 

a minister of the Baptist Church, and probably the youngest 
son of Aaron Ouisenbcrry an<l Jo\'ce, his wife, v/as born 
in Spottsylvania county, Virginia, July 5, 1759. On Dec. 4, 

IX Gr;RMANv, i;x(;!,AXD Axn amicrtca. 63 

1776, he in. Jane Puirris, or Ijurnis (dan. of Thomas Ihirris, 
a soldier in botli I'raddock's War and the Revohilionary 
War, and Frances Tandy, his wife), and in 1783, at the 
close of the Re\'olntionary ^^'ar — in which he liad seen some 
service as a militiaman — he went to Kentncky, and was for a 
while one of the garrison under Col. Daniel lk)one in the fort 
at Pioonesboro. Soon afterwards he settled in what is now 
Clark county, Ky., where he remained until his death, Aug. 
5, 1830. His wife died Nov. 3, 181 1, after having borne him 
thirteen children, to-wit : 

1. Joyce Ouisenberry, b. Oct. 25, 1777; ui. Wm. Duncan, 
and they settled in Missouri. Issue. 

2. Frances Ouisenberry, b. Oct. 6, 1779; ni. John I'runer. 

3. Jane Ouisenberry, b. Feb. 22, 1782 ; m. Ambrose Bush; 

4. Joel Ouisenberry, b. Jan. 31, 1784, d. .Sept. 5, 1847 '^ ^^^• 
lUizabeLli Haggard, b. Jan. 18, 1784, d. March 10, 1869. 
Thev had 12 children, viz: i. Mary, b. ]\Iay 13, 1805. 

2. James, b. Oct. 5. 1806, m. Elizabeth Gibbs in 1831, and they 
had 7 children— Franklin P.; Hiram ; Ella, m. Capt. H. S. 
Parrish ; Talitha, m. Jas. Grigsby ; Alice, m. Cxrant Berry; 
Prudence, m. ; the eldest daughter m. Wm. h". Prcwitt. 

3. \'irginia, b. Sept. 2>'^, 1808, m. Tandy Chenault, Xov. 15, 
1828; 7 or 8 children. 4. Joyce, b. Dec. 4, 1810; m. Xov. 
27, 1831, Harrison Thomson, had 4 children — inizabeth, m. 
Ik-n. B. C^room ; Albert ; Harrison P., m. Miss Speck, of St. 
Louis ; and a daughter ]u. W. B. Mocre, of Frankfort, Ky. 
5. Roger, b. Xov. 2S, 1812 ; m. Ann Evans, and had 8 or 10 
children. 6. I'amelia, b. Xov. 24, 1S14; m. Silas l^A'ans, 
issue. 7. Talitha, b. Dec. 17, 1824; m. David Waits, issue. 
(Watts died and Pamelia Ivvans died, and then Silas Evans 
m. Talitha Watts, and had issue). 8. Xancy, b. Jan. 1821, 
d. May 19, 1843. 9- Thomas Jefferson, b. Oct. 24, 1822, m. 
Frances Bybee, and had 8 children — Mary Jane, m. first, 
Richard Duerson, issue ; second. Dr. D. E. Proctor, no issue ; 
Joel Tandy, m. Miss Green, and has one child, a daughter; 

6^ mi;morials ok run onsi'XJU'.RRv i*.\miia' 

Minerva, in. Wni. Tlionipson, issue. I^anra, m. On ist}- Ci. 
Busli, issue ; lunnia, ni. Woodson ^^cCor(l ; ]kttie, ni. Charles 
Stewart, issue; Ilia; I'Jla. lo. John 11., b. Oct. 12, i<Si8; 
ni. first l^Uscy ]>ennett ; children — I'ettie, ni. Xelson A. 
Nicliols, and had children, of whom Lottie, ni. W. Fred 
Bartlett, of Lexington, Ky.; Joel T., who ni. Rachel vSuddnth, 

issue; Robert, ni. Hunt, issue; Thomas Jefferson; 

Moses, John H. Ouisenberry, m. second, Mary Laughlin, and 

had one child, Henry, who m. Duckworth, and has 

children. 11. Tandy, b. Xov. 16, 1S16, d. Xov. 28, 1846. 
12. Mary L., b. Dec. 19, 1820, d. June 5, 1830. 

5. James Harve}- Ouisenberry, b. March 13, 1786; ni. Lucy 
Thomas, dan. of Jordan Thomas, of Owen county, Ky., and 
Lucy \'iolett, his wife, died Aug. 5, 1822. Children : i. Frances, 
b. ^Larch 17, iSio; m. Nathaniel M. Ragland, and they 
settled in Missouri ; and among their children are Rev. X. ^L 
Ragland, of Fayetteville, Ark., and Capt. Jno. ^l. Ragland, of 
Osceola, Mo., who has one son — Samuel H. Ragland. 2. 
Jane, m. Joseph P. Fvans, of Henry county, Ky. 3. Sarah, 
m. a ]\Ir. Clayton. 4. Robert, m. "\\'innie Clayton. 5. Tand\', 
m. Winn if red Carter, and settled in Texas. 6. James Harvey, 
b. 1813 ; m. Elizabeth Clayton, and settled in Orayson county, 
Ky. 7. Rev. Wm. H. (Methodist minister); m. Caroline 
Clayton, and had issue ; his son, Tandy Ouisenberry, is a 
prominent tobacco warehouseman in Louisville, Ky. (The 
three Misses Clayton named above were sisters.) 8. Janet ; 

6. Colby Burris Ouisenberry. (See IV.) 

7. Tandy Ouisenberry, b. Feb. 8, 1791; m. Peggy Bush, 
and they had 19 children, of whom the following 16 grew 
up and married, \iz : i. Jane, m. Willis Hlkin, and went to 
Missouri ; issue. 2. Pliilip, m. Ann Bush, and went to 
Missouri ; 8 or 10 children. 3. Thacker, m. ist, Aliss 
McMurtry, i child ; 2d, Miss lirockman, i child ; 3d, 
Pamelia Mitchell, 8 children. Among his cliildren is Wm. 
P. Qniscnberry, of Mexico, Mo. 4. William, m. his cousin, 
Frances Ouisenberry, and Philip OnisenlK-rry, of Zvlexico, Mo., 


is their son. 5. Jackson, ni. and went to ]\Io. 6. I'ranccs, 
ni. 'J'lionias lU'ocknian. 7. Arniazinda, ni. James IIcKlgkin ; 
4 children — Samuel, 'J'and)- O., Phili]>, Armazinda. 8. ^lary, 
m. Pleasant Gentry; issue. 9. Mills, m. ]\Iiss Ilu^i^uely, 7 or 
8 children. 10. Colby Tandy, m. ist, ^^lary Weathers, and 
had issue; m. 2d, in Missouri. 11. Inskip, m. and went to 
i\Ii.ssouri. 12. Narcissa, m. Jacob Ihockman ; issue. 13. 
Braxton, m. in ]\Iissouri. 14. Rhodes, m. Bettie Woodford, 
8 children. 15. ?\Iargaret, m. Peter P^-ans, 7 or 8 children. 
16. Roger, m. ?klary Hampton, in ^Missouri. 

8. Roger Ouisenberry, b. Nov. 23, 1792 ; m. Polly Eubank. 
He served in the \\'ar of 181 2, and was twice sheriff of Clark 
county; 15 children, of whom the followino- 9 grew up and 
were married, viz : i. Ann, m. P^noch P'lkin, and had several 
children; one daughter m. Chas. W. Capps, another m. Phil. 
Ouisenberry (grandson of both Roger and Tandy), and another 
ni. Charles Haggard. 2. Achilles, m. ist, Mary P\ Pairish ; 
no children ; m. again in Texas ; issue. 3. Frances, m. ist, 
Wm. Ouisenberry (sou of Tandy) ; 2 children ; m. 2d, ]\Iilton 
Ouisenberry (son of Colby) ; i child — Ann P^ who m. Pleas- 
ant J. Conkwright and had a number of children ; m. 3d, Jack- 
son Daniel, and had 3 children. 4. Stephen, m. Jane P>ush, and 
has children. 5. James, m. Margaret Bush, and had 3 children ; 
m. 2d, Sallie Reeves ; issue. 6. William, m. Emerine Plamp- 
ton ; 5 children ; m. 2d. Martha Custis ]Moore ; 5 children. 
7. Elizabeth, m. John Bush, and had i child — Robert— who m. 
Ann, dau. of P'ielding B. Ouisenberry, and left issue. 8. 
]Mary Jane, m. Asa Broekman; 2 children. 9. Tandy, m. Miss 
Fox, and has children. 

9. William P^ountain Ouisenberry, b. July 9, 1797; m. 
Rachel Ryan ; 10 children, viz : i. James, in. Anzic Moore ; 
issue. 2. Margaret, m. Phil Hodgkin ;nochildren. 3. .Sallie 
Ann, m. Zach. Bush ; 4 children, of whom Ossie, m. Raleigh 
Sutherland ; Wm. L., m. Catherine Bush, and has several 
children : Sallie, m. James W. Poynter ; i child — Wiley 'J\ 4. 
Lloyd T., m. ]\Pi.ry E. Bush ; 2 children — Robert and Rachel. 
5. William, m. Jane J)uly; no children. 6. Angelina S., m. 

66 ^IKMORTALS Ol" 'IMIK orJSI'.Xlil'KK V KA>riI.V 

Zacliariah Crews; no children. 7. Shelton, ni. ]\Iary Jane 
P>ybce ; several cliikiren. 8. iMnily, ni. John Knbank ; i 
child — William T. — ni. Cleo Px.-nlon. 9. Sophia, ni. Stephen 
Wancleave ; 3 children. 10. Ro^er, died nnniarried. 

10. ]\Ionrning Onisenberr)-, ni. John Haggard, and had sev- 
eral children, among them Clifton Haggard and James Hag- 
gard — the latter the father of vSidney A., Jeptha, and James D. 
Haggard, and of Nannie Haggard, who m. Wm. F. Tncker, 
and their danghter m. I^ee Evans. 

11. Jackson Onisenberry, b. Dec. 16, 1799 ; m. a Miss vSimp- 
.son, and settled in Pettis connty, Mo.; several children, 
among them "Zib," Colby and Clay ; ?^Iollie, who m. M. M. 
Tncker ; Kliza, who m. J. T. Williams, and Sallie, who m. 
Monroe White. 

12. Rhoda, b. I'eb. 3, 1S02 ; m. George Fox ; issue. 

13. Sallie B., b. July 31, 1S05 ; m. Thomas Smith Raglaiid ; 

On Dec. 24, 1811, Rev. James Onisenberry was married to 
Chloe Shipp, who bore him eleven children, making tv/enty- 
fonr by the two wifes. The children by the second wife were : 

14. 15. (Twins) b. Oct. 13, 1S13 ; Joseph Harrison Quisen- 
berry m. and had issue ; Letty Onisenberry, d. July 28, 1814. 

16. Letitia Qnisenberry, b. Oct. 23, 1814; m. Dr. Peter 
I^vans, and had several children, among them Peter, James, 
and Dr. Geo. W. pAans. 

17. Louis Colby Onisenberry, b. Jan. 18, 1S16, d. Aug. 28, 

iS. Kitty Onisenberry, b. July 19, 1S17, d. Aug. 4, 1819. 

19. Patsey Onisenberry, b. March 3, 18 19, d. Aug. 9, 1S30. 

20. Chloe Onisenberry, b. Nov. 18, 1820, d. Jan. 6, 182 1. 

21. Sophia A. Onisenberry, b. Oct. 12, 1821. 

22. James Harvey Onisenberry (second son of that name), 
b. June 13, 1823; never married. 

23. George W. Onisenberry, b. Jan. 17, 1825, d. June 21, 

24. Polly Ann Onisenberry, b. July 28, 1S29 ; m. ¥.. J. ^[. 
PUkin, and had one son, vScott, who died unmarried, and two 


daiio:]itcrs, one of whom iiiaiTicd James Riitledge and tlie other 
manicd John I). Hnnt. 


Co/dy Burris Quisoiberry^ 


son of Rev. James Onisenberry and Jane Burris, his wife, was 
b. in what is now Clark county, Ky., on July 7, ijSvS. On 
Dec. 16, iSio, he was m. to Lucy Hush,'^ dauc^hter of I'rancis 
Bush (who had been a soldier in the Revolution), and 
Rachel Martin, his wife, dan. of John Martin, who had also 
been a Revolutionary soldier. Colby Burris Ouisenberrv and 
his wife lived for a number of year^ in .Madison county, Ky,, 
where most of their children were born ; but later they moved 
to Clark count}', v.heie he died Dec. 31, 1S70. His wife, b. 
May 5, 1790, d. Dec. 2. 1S72. Their children, thirteen in 
number, were as follows : 

1. Louisa Onisenberry, b. Sept. 29, 181 1 ; m. David Chenanlt 
on C)ct. 2^, 1S27. They settled in Tennessee and had 14 
children, viz : i. John. 2. Colby. 3. David. 4. James. 5. 
Harvey. 6. Sallie A., m. Guthrie. 7. Xancy, m. Martin. 8. 
Lucy, m. Barry. 9. Frances, m. Tyree. 10. ^^lilton Waller. 
IT. Maria Louisa, m. Barry. 12. William. 13. ^Millard Fill- 
more, 14. Charles. These are all married. 

2. Milton Onisenberry, b. Nov. 10, 1S13 ; m. Frances, dau. 
of Roger Quisenberr}" and Polly Eubanks, his wife, on vSept. 
13, 1S38. Three children — Ann K., m. Pleasant J, Conk- 
wright ; Sarah Frances, and a son who d. in infanc\-. 

3. Sallie Onisenberry, b, Feb, 26. 1815; tn. Wm. H. Rag- 
land. 14 children, viz : i. Louisa. 2. Catlierine, m. ist, Wtu. 
Burris ; 2d, Philip Elliott : issue by each, 3. I'atsey !{., m, 

* Tlie anus of the Bush finmly are: Ar^^eiit ou h ft'sse, betwt^en 3 boars 
passant sable, a tleur Je lys betwc-u 2 eaqles displayed or. Crt-st. — A. goat'.s 
head erased argent, armed or. 


Roger Brookin, issue. 4. Colby Q., in. X'irginia Vant, in 
Goliad, Texas, issue. 5. Lucy Ann, ni. Enoch IIa.i^^<.;ard, issue. 
6. Nathaniel. 7. l^lkanah. S. ?^Iilton, ni. Louisa Harris, issue. 
9. ^Marv Mildred. 10. vSarah iM-ances, m. Samuel }*Ioore, issue. 
II. William T., m. Wade, issue. 12. John Martin, m. Bird 
Ragland, issue. 13. James P., m. Fant, issue. 14. d. in 

4. Rachel Jane Ouisenl^erry, b. June 29, 1S16; m. Thomas 
Jenkins in 1836, and had 8 children, all of whom except the 
first married and had issue, viz : \'irgil T.; Lucy J.; Marie 
Louise; Colby :^I.; SallieA.; James O.; Leslie T.; Rachel B. 

5. Fielding Bush Ouisenberry, b. June 6, 1818 ; m. Oct. 8, 
1839, Rebecca J. Elkin ; 9 children, viz: i. Ezekiel Colby, 
m. in Texas. 2. Claudius V., m. in Texas. 3. Ann vS., m. 
Robert Bush. 4. Ihiford A. 5. Frances T., m. Bartlett S. 
Haggard. 6. Sidney A. 7. Roger M. 8. Charles C, m. 
Nannie F^vans. 9. Walter L., m. Nettie Haggard. 

6. Lucy Ouisenberry, b. Aug 2, 1820; m. Robert I^lkin on 
Oct. 9, 1S39, and settled in Tennessee ; 4 children — i. Milton 
S., m. and left issue. 2. Joyce A., married. 3. Colby W., 
married. 4. vSarah L., m. Henry Guthrie. 

7. Colby Burris Ouisenberry, Jr., b. Aug. 31, 1822 ; m. 
July 15, 1847, to Sallie Tribble ; 6 children — i. Ellen. 2. 
Lucy Belle, m. Blackwell Carr. 3. Madison. 4. Dudley T. 
5. I^liza Moss, m. Samuel Pinkerton. 6. Colby M. 

8. James Francis Ouisenberr}- (see V. >. 

9. Roger Tandy Ouisenberry, b. Feb. 27, 1826; d. unmar- 
ried, Oct. 3, 1892. 

10. Joyce Duncan Ouisenberry, b. r\Iarch 12, 1828 ; m. 
Joseph Helm Witliers on May 12, 1849; 10 children — i. Kitty. 
2. Roger W. 3. Lucy, m. Edgar M. Hultz. 4. :\Iariana. 
5. Aileen, m. Manlius E. Hultz. 6. Sallie, m. Iidward C. 
Gamble. 7. Susan, m. John W. (Gamble. 8. Bllla D. 9. Jos- 
ephine. 10. IClectra Helm. 

11. Elkanah l-:ikin Ouisenberry, b. July 15, 1830, and 
Nov. 6, 1868, m. KUqw Thornton ; 7 children — i. I'lorence B., 
m. T. R. Weaver. 2. Artliur 'i\, m. Florence Hornbeak, and 

IN GKK^rA^•Y, KXC^.AXD and AM];kICA. 69 

has one child — Ruth. 3. luij^'-cne. 4. Charles \V. 5. Mattie 
Iv., 111. K. Iv. Bodeiihamcr. 6. Grace IC, in. 1\. H. I'niphres. 
7. Crcrtrnde. 

12. Newton Ouisenberry, b. Jan. 26. 1832, d. Dec. 9, 1836. 

13. John Martin Qni.senberry, b. April 26, 1833; m. Sarah 
Moore on Oct. 2^^ 1859, and they had nine children — Cora, 
Ivanora, i\ndley, and six others. 

And so Colb\' Bnrris Ouisenberry and Lucy, his wife, had 
13 children and 88 grandchildren. 

JaDics Fraiu'is Ouisoiberry^ 

eiohth child of Colby I>urris Ouisenberry, was born in r^Iad- 
ison county, Ky., Oct. 15, 1824, and died in Clark county, 
Ky., Feb. 3, 1877. On Oct. 14, 1847, ^^^^ "^- Kniily Cameron 
Chenault (dau. of Anderson Ch.enault and Emily Cameron, 
his wife), and they had four children, as follows : 

T. Emma Alice Quisenberry, b. in Clark county, Ky., Oct. 26, 
1S4S; m. Joseph Addison Hinkle on June 21, 1870, and they 
had three children — i. Emma May Hinkle, b. ]\Iay 18. 1871 ; 
m. J. D. McDonald, of McKenzie, Tenn., and has one child, 
Eewise Hinkle McDonald, b. July 5, 1897. 2. James Marvin 
Hinkle, b. Nov. 11, 1873. 3. Lewise Hinkle, b. Dec. 6, 
1S80, d. August 25, 1887. 

2. Anderson Chenault Ouisenberry, b. near Winchester. 
Ky., Oct. 26, 1850, and now (1900) lives in Washington, 
D. C. Was married r^Iay i, 1879, ^" Springtleld, Ohio, to 
Corinna I^roomhall^^^ [\). Oct. 3, 1858), dau. of Webl) I'room- 
hall and Adelaide P'inkle, his wife — and they have four 
children — i. Adelaide Corinna Ouisenberry, b. in Ee.xington, 

♦The anus of the Brooinball family are: A lion rampant, or: tail forked 
Crest— a lion rampant, or." 

70 :\II^^roRlAT<s oi* thT'. oriSKxin-.Ruv family 

Ky., July ii), 1882. 2. James I'raucis Ouiscnberry, b. in 
Lexington, K\-., Jiil>' 10, 18S6. 3. Colb)' Pn'ooinhall Ouiscn- 
bcny, b. in Lexington, Ky., Dec. 16, 1888. 4. inorcnce 
lunily Ouiscnberry, b. in Washington, I). C, Jnnc 8, 1895. 

3. Waller Onisenberr)-, 1). in Clark county, Ky. (where he 
now lives), Jan. 12, 1853; ni. Dec. 12, 1894, Ennna T.isle, 
dan. of James Daniel T^isle and Xancy Hampton, his wife ; 
3 children — i. ]VIary Anderson Onisenl)erry, b. vSept. 17, 1896. 
2. David Waller Ouiscnberry, b. June 9, 1898. 3. Ethel 
Ivisle Ouiscnberry, b. April 24, 1900. 

4. James Francis Ouiscnberry, Jr., b. in Clark county, Ky., 
Jan. 23, 1S55, and died there Feb. 4, 1880, unmarried. 



]I(re a little and there a little.'"— laiixn, xxv; 

Under the above lieadinc; there has been colh?ctecl a number of miscellaneous 
items of information relative to the families considered in my fi^init-r work, 
Oenealogi'-al .Venavn/i'^fa of the Quisenherry Family and Ollui Vnniilis, pub- 
lislied in 1S97. These miscellaneous items have been gathered since the pub- 
lication of that book. 


There are several unusual forms of the name Q.uisenberry. Several years ago 
there was a llev. Mr. Chri.-->euberry, a Presbyterian minister, living in Mc. 
Lemoresville, Tenn.. who traced back to Virginia. Prof. \Y. A. Crust.-uberry. 
of Iowa College, is a young astronomer of rising fame, who trace.- back to ^'ir- 
giuia, through Ohio. There are families spelling their name ■' Cusbenberry " 
(tlie vulgar proniinciation of Quisenberry), living in Allen and Hardin coun- 
ties, Ky. , in the State of Kansas, and in other places. Prof. David Chri«ten- 
berry, of Alabama Univerr?ity, writes that his family has been settled in North 
Carolina for a century, and that they went to that State from New York, and 
are of Dutch origin. There is hardly a doubt that they also are descendants of 
the German family of Questeuberg, but they evidently came to America 
directly from Germany. 

The following Quisc-nberrys served in the Union Army from Kentucky during 
the Civil \Var, as shown Vty the book Union R<--[/iriients of Kentucl-y, compili'd 
by Thomas Speed and others, and printed in 1S97, viz : 

Owen Quisenberry, corporal, Co. I,, 3d Ky. Cavalry. 

James H. Quisenberry, private, Co. I, 3d Ky. Cavalry. 

James Quisenberry. private, Co. I, 3d Ky. Veteran Cavalry. 

[Note. — The above three were from Grayson county, Ky. . and arc the grand- 
sons of James Harvey Qtiisenberry, of Owen cotuity, Ky., and great-grand-^.ms 
of Rev. James {Quisenberry, of Clark county, Ky.J 

Lieut. John H. Quisenberry, Co. C, 12th Ky. Cavalry. 

Keuben T. Quisenberry, sergeant. Co. C, li'th Ky. Cavalry. 

[Note. — The aliove two lived in Christian county. Ky., and were grandsons of Quisenberry. sou of Aaron Qui.-?enberry, of Orange county, Va.] 

Louis Culby Quisenberry, private, Co. A, Itth Ky. Cavalry. ![•■ liv^d in 
Montgomery county, Ky., and was the son of Joseph Harrison Quisenb.-rry, and 
grandson of Rev. James Quisenberry. 

WilHam Quishenbury, private, Co. A, 3d Ky. Infantry. Unidentiiied. He 
enlisted at Camp Dick Robiusou, Kentucky, in the summer of Ib'Jl. 

72 ^rl■:^[ORTAI.s OK 'niK;xi'.i:KRv family 

For a partial list of the Quisouhcrrys who served in the Coiifedernte Army 
from Kentucky, see the former work, Gencalogicitl Jfan'O-anda, etc. 

The following served in the Spanish- Anioricuu \Var in 1898, and there may 
liave been many others : 

H. L. Quiseuberry. of New Orleans, La., Co. H, 1st TJ. S. Vol. Cavalry 
(" Koosevelt's Eough Eiders "). One of his knee-caps was shot otl at the battle 
of San .Inan, Cuba. 

H. M. Queseulierry, musician, •Ith Virginia Vol. Infantry. 

History of the LiiuUays of Amn-ka, page ioS : " Nicholas Lindsa}'. of Seott 
county, Ky., married IMissCrescnberry. . . . Vachel Lindsay, brother of Nicho- 
las, married Miss Annie Cre.senberry," etc. 

Tlte Jhncies and tlu'ir kindred, Y>Sii;e '2'>'^ : "Issue of John Catlett Bowie, of 
Spottsylvauia county, Va.,and his first wife, Jane Timberlake : Lucy .\un Jiowie, 
b. Mch., 1817, m. July 8, ISiO, to Jvjhn L. Quseuberry. Issue: J.V-n James 
Qusenberry, b. 18-11 ; Wni. Bowie Quseuberry, b. 1811 ; m. Nov.. 187G, to Emma 
Fitzhugh ; d. ISs?. Children : Mary Brockenborough Quseuberry, b. 1879 ; 
\Vm. Fitzhugh Qusenberry, b. 1881." 

Inscriptions on the tombs of Colby B;irris Quisenberrj' and Lncy Bush 
Quisenberry, his wife, at the family graveyard one and a half miles south of 
Winchester, Ky., on the Boonesboro' turnpike: 


Born July 7. 17S8. 

Died Dec. 31. 1S70. 

Aged 82 years, 5 months and 2i days. 

Unveil thy bosom, faithful tomb, 

Take our dear father to thy trust. 
And give these sacred a-^hes room 

Till God shall call him from the dust. 


Born May 5, 1790. 

Died Dec. 2, 1872. 

Aged 82 years, 6 months and 21 days. 

To angel form thy spirit's grown. 

Thy God has claimed thee as his own ; 
In Paradise thou sharest bliss 

Ne'er to be found ii\ worlds like this. 

[Note. — There is a mistake in the calculation of the ago of Lucy B, Quisen- 
berry, above. It should be 82 years, 7 months and 27 days.] 


The follov,ini,' is ibe "Miivllower" descent of Mrs. Lottie Nichols Bartlett. 
of Lexington. Kv., wLo is the grandQaiiglit-T of John H. Quiseiiberry. great- 
gniuiluaughter of Joel Qiii~ei:lierry. aini giea'-great-grandd.ingliier of lie v. 
James Quisenberry, of Cl.vrk rouuty, Ky., viz: 

1. ^Vi^lii1ln Mullius, m. Alice -. 

2. Priscilla Mallius. m. JoLu Alden. 

3. Elizabeth Aldea. m. V\ia. Pabodie. 

4. %Vin. Pabodie. m. Judith . 

n. Rachel Pabodie. m. Joshna Stoddard. 
G. PiRchel Stoddard, m. Waiter Nichols. 

7. Joshna Nichols, m. Hannah Coggeshall. 

8. Walter Nichols, m. Elizal-eth Thompson. 

9. Nelson Nichols, ra. Bettie Qnisenberry. 

10. Lottie Nichols, m. W. Fred. Bartlett. 

11. Nelson N. Bartlett. 


Quite a number of the members cf the family. n"!.iii;ly the clesoeni'Iants of the 
first William Qiiesenbury. of Westmoreland county, Va.. spell their nr»me 
Q^iesenberry. Most of these live in Virginia, though there are some also in 
Kentucky. Missouri. T«-sa.s. nn<l perhaps else'^'here. To this brancl; of the 
family belonged Catherine Qnesenberry Cgreat-great-gri^nddaii'2;hter of tlse first 
William), "^vho married Basil Bigg, and her gran^lson. Edward Mayes, .if Oxford. 
Miss., married a daughter of Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar : and also Nicholas Queseu- 
berry. of King George county, Va.. who married Hose Green, of Georgetown. 
D. C. one of whose sisters married a sou of Iturbide. Emperor of Mexico. 

Dr. W. D. Q'lesenberry. of King George county. Va., has always been a 
prominent man, and has served a number of times in the Virginia Legislature. 
His grandfather, James Qnesenberry. married Ann Browu in 1704. and these 
were al-o the ancestors cf Jos. L. Qnesenberry, an architect, now living in 
Br'Xiklyn. N. Y. . and also of Samuel Qnesenberry. of Ozeana. Va.. and of 
Charles Qnesenberry. of Washington. D. C. This branch of the family is still 
numerous in Virginia. 

I. M. Qnesenberry. of Boyle county. Ky., is a son of Abel Qnesenberry, 
born 1815. who was the son of Page Qnesenberry. born in 1780, who the 
son of James Qnesenberry. of Fauquier or Culpeper county, Va. This James 
Qnesenberry had .also a son named Zacchens Qnesenberry, who in early times 
settled in Barren county. Ky. He was a Methodist preacher, and in ISi^ left 
Kentucky and settled in Kichmond. Mo., wiiere he r^reached constantly every 
Sunday from that time until within two weeks of his death, wuich occurrt-d in 
1Sd4. when he was t'5 vears of aire. 

The St. Louis Globe-Democrat of Aug. 18, 18i*5. says: " One of the oMest 
men in Kay county is Duvid H. Qnesenberry, who was born in Fauquier cc-nnty, 
Va., Dec. •2",, ISO."). Vrheu two years of age he went with his parents to Barren 
county. Ky., where he resided until he was '20 yean? old. He came to Missouri 


in 1835, setUing in PuLlnaoud, where he has resided ever since. During his 
residence there he served live years as county clerk, twenty-live years as justice 
of the pence, and four years as postmaster. Mr. Quesenherry was married to 
Miss Lncinda Warder, in Lafayette county. Mo., in 1830. He made the trip 
from hSarreii county, Ky., on horseback, and he and his bride made the return 
journey in the same way. He lived with his wife sixty-one years, and in all that 
time they were never apart sixty-one days. He is still living in the house he 
built fifty-seven years ago. He has lived in Kichmond longer than any other 
man or woman now living, and has voted at every election for State, county^ 
township, and city officers for a period of sixty years. Himself and wife gave 
the first golden v.eddiug anniversary ever celebrated in Hay county. Mrs. 
Queseuberry died in 1890. since which time ' Uncle Davy,' as every one calls 
him, has made his home with his daughter. Mrs. Aaron Courow, who is the 
widow of the late Aaron Conrow. a member of the Confederate Congre^s. Mr. 
Qncseuberry has been an ardent member < f the Methodist Church all his life. 
He assisted in building the first church in liichmond, aud organized the first 
Sunday-school, of which he was superintendent for twenty-five years. He is 
in excellent health." 

The St. Louis Pust-Dispatch ut April 2, lUOO, says: "The Missouri branch 
of the Qui^enberry family fui-nished the United States with soldiers during the 
Mexican war. One of these was John Quisenberry. He figured in one of the 
most tragic events in the war that made Texas a part of the Union. 

" While skirmishing, a party of St. Louis county boys, including Qr.isenberry 
and a member of the Lackland family, fell into the hands of Mexican guerrillas. 
After being tortured, Quisenberry and Lackland were burned at the stake before 
the eyes of their horrified companions. A relieving party beat off the guerrillas 
befere thej' had time to add more victims to their sacrifice. The ashes of the 
murdered Americans were brought back to their St. Louis county homes. The 
older generation of residents in the county still remember the impressive fune- 


Vol. VI, Virginia Hi-t"rical Society's Collections (Gilmer papers) page 137, 
shows that 200 citizens of Albemarle count}-, Va. famong them being Thomas 
Jefferson, Williain Chlnuult, Henry Mullins, John Tandy, William Tandy, Sr., 
Peter Burrus, and Kobert Burrus), took the following 

" Oatli of alurjiaiifx to the Coiiiinuntrtaltli of Virginia : 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed <\o swear that we renounce aud 
refuse all iillegiance to George the Third, King of Great Ihilain, his heirs and 
Buccessors, and that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the C'omruon- 
wealth of Virginia as a free and independent State, and that I will not at any 
time do or cause to be dune any matter or thing that will be prejudicial or 
injurious to the freedom or independence thereof as declared by Congress ; 
and al-io that I will discover aud make known to sonie one Justice of the Peace 
for the said State all treasons or traitorous conspiracies which I now or here- 


ftftcr shall ku(_>w to be against tliis or any ol' the United States of Ainerir-a. So 
help me (loil." 

[Note.— This paper is dated April 21, 1779, but the editor of the Collections, 
Mr. 11. A. Ihock, thinlcs that all Imt the three last names fsvliich do not include 
anj' of the seven given above) were signed in 177G.] 

The same book, page 85, gives the name of Jo.^iah ]5nsh in a li^t of Albemarle 
volunteers mastered in 1775; and on page 15H, Gabriel Manjjin, of Albemarle 
county, is mentioned as the keeper of the magazine at Williamsburg during 
the Kevolutionary War. 

The clerk of the Er^sex county, Va., e(mrt, writes: " 'J'he division of the 
estate of Howlett Chenault, recorded in 3 7o'.>, refersto his son, Stephen Cheuault. 
My index goes back to 173t> only, while the records of wills and deeds, »te., 
begin in 1650." 

Judge Kaudall M. Pawing, of Franklin, Tenn., writes (Jan. .">, 190C): '• I 
enclose you a transcript from the family bible of my wife's grandfather, which 
contains all that I know of my branch of the Chenault or ' Chen-IIaut ' family, 
which in French means ' tall oak.' The record I send you is authentic as far 
as it goes. I know that the original emigrant. Stephen Chenault, settled at 
Monikin Town, Powhatan county, Va., and that he had sons and daughters 
other than John, who was my wife's immediate ancestor : and that several of 
these scattered abroad in the tidewater counties of Virginia, and some of tluMU 
subsequently emigrated to Kentucky. That one of these sons was named 
"William I have little doubt, as John and Barbara bad sons named William and 
Stephen also. No branch of the family known to me is without a William. 
My wife is a daughter of James E. McGavock, and his wife, Louise Chenault, 
a daughter of Stephen Chenault and Eleanor llodgers, his wife. My wife's 
great-grandfather, James McGavock, of Virginia, had the commission of captain 
under George III before the Revolutionary War, and was one of the signers of 
the 'Fincastle Il&solutions,' which antedate all other declarations of independ- 
ence. My own grandfather, Hugh McGavock, of • Max Meadows,' Va., was a 
Kevolutionary officer. 

" John Chenault, a son of Stephen Chenault, the Huguenot enjigrant. moved 
from Mouikintov, u to Essex county, Va., on the Rappahannock; and there, on 
Feb. 1, 17S1, he married Barbara Burke. This John Chenault was born Nov. 
22, 1754. His eldest son. Stephen, from whom my children are descended, 
was born Nov. 2, 1781 : and on the day he was 18 he married Mary Eleanor 
Rodgers, daughter of John Rodgers, of Kentucky, who was a cousin of John 
C. Calhoun, of South Carolina. Nancy, another daughter of John Rodgers 
married Felix Grundy, United States Senator from Tennessee. Anotln-r 
daughter, Sallie Doherty. married Randall McGavock, tlie first clerk of the 
Federal ('ourt for the Middle Division of Tenneseee, receiving his appointment 
from his life-long friend. Gen. Andrew Jackson. 

"The children of Stephen Chenault and ;Mary E. Rodgers were : Felix R. 
Chenault, b. July 2, 1804, m. Ann Trigg, of Sumner county, Tenn.; P'.liza G. 
Chenault, b. July 6, ISOG, ni. Moses Woodtin, then of Trenton, Tenn.; John 
Rodgers Chenault, b. Nov. 9, ISOS, m. Martha Staples, of Meade county, Ky., 

76 MEMORIALS Ol' Till': OriS]-:XP.]: RRY FAMILV 

ar.rl inoveil to Missouri, wbeie he was ;i di'^tingiuslicd Inwyc-r and judL^e, and d. 
near Gonzales. U'ex., dnvin;^ the Civil War: Catherine Ciienanlt, b. Jan. 29, 
ISIO, d. in Mi'^soiivi. unmarried : Luui^a Caroline Chenanlt (my wife's inotlier), 
b. Aug. 9, ]si:!, and Nov. 1, 1n:!2, in. her cousin, Jame.s K. son of 
llandall McGavock above mentioned : Naney M. CheuauU, b. Auj.,'. 10, IS IT), d. 
in Missouri, unmarried, and William McCiavoek Chenardt, b. May l\i, 1819. m. 
Emily Shannon on June 30, ISil. 

" We now return to the other children of John Chenault, son of Slepheu 
Chenault, the Huguenot emigrant, of Monikintowu. Tiuy were: Lucy F.llen 
Chenault. b. April 2.",. 1783, m. James Nail, of liardstown, Ky.: Thomas Che- 
nault, b. Jan. 21, ITSt' : William Chenanlt, b. June 20, 17.s8, became a physi- 
cian and went to the Island of Cuba, where he m. a Spanish lady. Madame 
Josefa , and d. there; John Chenault. b. Dec. 20. 1790; Barbara Che- 
nault, b. March IG, 1793, m. W. 11. Hynes, of Bardstown. Ky.; Catherine Che- 
nault, b. Sept. 2, 1795, m. her cousin, Wm. Burke, of Bardstown. Ky.; Eliza- 
beth Chenault, b. April 22. 1798, m. John We=ley Ogdeu, of New York, one of 
the claimants of the famous Ogdeu estate, and James B. Chenault, b. Nov. 9. 
1S03, m. Evaliue Hudson, iu Jasper county. Mo. 

"The family of John and Barbara Chenault wire all Presliyterians, holding 
the Calvinist faith of their ancestors of Lauguedoc, near Nimes, France. It 
has cost me much time and patience to gather these genealogical statistics." 

Miss Sallie L. Yewell, of Ower.-;boro". Ky., writes f Jan. 27, 1900 ; : "Lucy 
Ellen Chenault, who married James F. Nail, of Bardstown. Ky., was my great- 
grandmother. My mother's maiden name was Lucy Ellen Nail, and her father 
was James Burke Nail. My father, Harrison Yewell. was in the Confederate 
army, and is buried in Catoosa county, Ga The name Yewell is also fre(iuently 
spelled Ewell, and I do not know which is right." 

The following are the coats of arms of the two branches of the Che neau, or 
Chenault family 'these being two forms of one name') in France, viz : 

Chenean of Poitou, Berry and Toms — D'azur seme de besant de argent : an 
Chevron d"or, brochant snr le tout. 

Chenean of Lorraine — De azur a trois pois de or. 


Burke's T.muleil Ginlnj-^ws?, -. "The surnameof Cameron i i of great antiquity 
in Scotland, and in ancit nt times was variously written, viz : Canurou, Cambron. 
Cambrun. The Camerous have a tradition a:m>ngthem that thev-are descended 
from a younger Sf>n of the royal family of Denmark, who assisted at the restora- 
tion of King Francis II., in the year 404 ; but it is more probable that they are 
of the aborigines of the ancient Scots or Caledmiians who lirst planted the 



The followiiir,' are tlio Cameron 

Arms :--GuU-s, three buis, or. 

Crest: — A dexter arm embowered iu iirmor, the hiuid gnispiiig it sword ; nil 

Supporters : — Two savages wreathed nljoiit tlie loiii«, eaeh lioldhig over his 
shoulder a pole-axe : all proper. 

Motto : Fro rege ct pair la. 


While it is known that three of tlie suns of Dr. George Finkle, of Untchess 
county, N. Y., fought for the King iu the llevolutionary War. there has always 
been a tradition that there were other son-^ who fought for American iudepend- 
euee, and remained in America when the other brothers went to Canada at the 
close of the war. This tradition is borne out by the following data, condensed 
from Munsell's Anieric<in Aiicedrtj — especially so when it is remembered that 
Columbia and Dutchess are adjoining counties. The following are the ex- 
tracts : 

Abram Finkle. of West Tagbanick, Columbia cnuuty, N. Y., b. 1814 Cm. 
Catherine Finkle) son of Frederick G. Finkle, of West Tagiianic, b. 1781 (in. 
Catherine Pulver), son of George Finkle, of Am/ram, b. ITol, d. l<S;i-i (nj. 
Hannah Dull;, whose father was one of the first settlers of Pine Plains. Dutchess 
county, N. Y'. 

Alviu H. Finkle, of East Taghanic, son of George Finkle, of same, b. ISlo 
Cm. Catherine Lown), son of Joseph G. Finkle, of Aneram and Taghanic, 
b. 178G, d. ISGG (m. Nancy Peek in 1812), sou of George Finkle, of Aneram, 

Ebenezer Finkle, of Hillsdale, and George Finkle, of East Taghauick — sons 
of Joseph G. Finkle, of Aneram and Taghanick, above. 

Frederick Finkle, of Hudson, sou of Frederick Finkle. of Suydam (m. Rachel 
Dubois), son of Frederick G. Finkle. of We.^t Taghanic. above. 

•John George Finkle and Washington Finkle, of Aneram — sons of George 
G. Finkle, of Gallatin (,m. ilary Kilmer), sou of George Finkle, of .\ncrain, 

Theodore Finkle, of West Copake, sou of John G. Finkle, of Aneram, b. 
1793, d. 1873 (m. Almira Kilmer), son of George Finkle, of Aneram, above. 

[Note. — It may be well to state that recent letters to several of Finkles 
failed to elicit responses.] 



" Till ye, your children of it, and let your children tell thtir chikhen, and thiii 
children anoUicr yenerotiun.'" — Joel i, 3. 

The followiug are copies of the clocumc-uts received from Gerinauy and 
England relative to the family of Questenbcrg, Questeubery, etc. There are 
also given in Subdivision III, copies of documents received relative to English 
people of names somewhat similar to Quisenberry, etc. 


Iil8, Feb. U and Oct. 22. (P>om tlie records of the City of Lubeck, VI, 'j3, 
in the Cologne Archives). Copy of the judgment of the Magistrat> s of 
Loudon, England, exempting the Hanseatic merchants (among them 
Titlniauu Questenbcrg) from the new duty demanded of them by the 
revenue otKcers. 

1124. (From the City records of Cologne. Records of Citizen-, C. G5.5, folio 
OTia). Tielman Qufsteuberg is accepted as a citizen of the City of 

14:27, Dec. 3. (Knippiug's City Accounts of Cologne, I. 'J'J, No. 20). Tielmaun 
Questonberg pays 12 Khenish florins for citizenship in the City of 

1432, Feb. G. (Cologne Archives: Kecorded Communications, 15, page 64. 

Letter book l;;, 3.) Power of attorney by Tjiman Questenb-erg to 
Bertouldus t^uesteuberg, concerning ships merchandise saved in 

1433, Jan. 4. (Von der llapp, Hanse Agreements, I. p. Ill) Dantzig to 

Wismar: Mentions Hermann Quesienberge, citizen of r)antzig. 

1434, April 8. (Col. Arch., Kcc. Com., 1.',, SI, Lett'-r V)ook XIV. 1). Cologne 

to Dortmund : Call of Tidem Questenberg concerning judgment against 
Engell von Ilirpeu. 

1435, (Ennen's History of Cologne, III, 0.02). Tilman Questonberg and 

others who came with a ship's load of various nu'r^-handise from 
England, were attacked in 1435, near Middleburg, in Zealand, and 

IX Gi'inrANV, KNGi.Axn Axi) A^^l••,RICA. 79 

M35, Dec. 1",. (Col. Arch., Kec. Com. XVII, Letter book XIV, 105). Power 
of attorney from Tilinau Questenbercb ami others, to Johaii voii 
Donu-k ami Gobeliuus Murte, etc. 

M37, Feb. 1.^. (Knippiiig, I, 199). Tilmau Qnestenbcrg loans 2.5 lligblatul 
florins to the Senate of Cologne. 

U41, March 1. (Col. Arch., Hoc. Com. 22. 3. Letter book XV, Cin). City 
of Cologne to certain per.sous in Bortefelde. " "i'our alleged bondman, 
Tilman Qnesteuberg, now a citizen of Cologne, can not be held for 
indemnity on account of services not rendered." 

1411, Dec. 17. (Col. Arch., Letter book llGa: Kec. Com. 22, 14). City of 
Cologne to Heiur: GulU zen ]\Iutikeu, Judge at Unna: "Tilman 
Questenberg denies owing Joh: Eppeuscheit 500 uoble for steel, and 
requests justice in Cologne." 

14.42, Jan. 12. (Col. Arch., L. 13. XV, 119a: Kec. Com. 22, 1.",). City of 
Cologne to Heinr : Calff zen ^lutikeu, Judge at Unna: "Tilman 
Questenbcrg will answer to him before the F. Gerh : v. d. Mark, in 

1442, Aug. 22. (Col. Arch., Doe. No. ll,57Ga: Eec. Com. 27, 301). Notarial 
instrument that Tilman and Bertold Questenberg have taken Johanu 
de Stummel, Edmundus de Eylsich and George Hotlin as their lawyers 
against Chevalier Gerhard von Reyde. 

1445, April 22. (Col. Arch., Schrein.sbusch 134: Col. Campsan, fol. 179a). 
Gerart Vanme Coesen and Fyegia, transfer the si.xth part of their 
dwelling, called " Zu der Lillian auf der Bruggen " to Bertram Ques- 
tenberg, etc. 

1445, Sept. 22. (Col. Arch., L. B. 17, 1591)). Cologne to the German Hanse 

iu London : Attests the sworn statement of Bertolt Questenberg and 
Joh: Blyterswich, citizens of Cologne, and of Gierhart van Herb, 
servant of Eopretcht Blyterswych, that they have bought and sold 
exclusively for the profit and loss of the aforenamed, 

1446, May 20. (Col. .Arch., L. B. 18,390. Bee. Com. 21,180). Cologne to 

Mayence: lias interceded for Mayence with tlie widows of Johann 
Mailbord and Tilman Questenberg. 

1447, Von der Rapp, Vol. VII, 736, No. 98). The German merchants at 

London to the Hanseatic cities : " In July, 1442, Bobberti Blitterswicke 
and Bertolt Questenberg lost from a barsed iu the Thames, near Lon- 
don, C terliuge cloth, and iu order to regain the goods snlTered a loss 
on cost and cloth amounting to 708 nobelen." 

1447, Oct. 4. (Col. Arch.. Division: Hanseatic Matters). Antwerp to the 
representatives of the merchants of the German Ilanso in London. 
England : " Konrad Questenbercb, merchant of the Hanse, has sworn 
that in the present year the goods in his possession belonging to Wilh : 
Ketwich, citizen of Cologne, have been seizt'd by Aldermen Bertolt 
Slechter and Secretary Ileinrich, without indicating the person who 
caused the seizure." 


M-i7, Nov. 30. (Col. .Vicli., ][auseatic Matters). I'roceedin^'s before the 
Bur^'oiuasfer and inagistrHtes df ];(r,L;eii op Zoom betweeu liertli"! 
Questeuber^, and otlii>rs, and citizens of ]>erj,'en op Zoom, ou aeeounc 
of uierehandise which was robbed from a >^hip 1>y Dut'-binen. 

1-148. April 20. (Cob .\reli., Sehreinabnehii. Ko. 3H'.t aud 3IS). Aft.r the death 
of Tihnaij Que>tenber>,', lii* wife, by virtue of his will, inherits one- 
fourth, and also one-fourth of one-fifth of the dwelling called 
" Suehteln '' situate on the Steinweg ; she permits her jiresent husband, 
Johann Kiuk, to share in this interest in the aforeuientioued dwelling. 
Tilman Que.steuberg died after 1445. His widow (who ruarried Joh: 
Kink) died before HG3. She wa.s the daughter of the X. N. aud 
Taitzgyu von Suchtleu. 

14-18, June 11. (Von der ]{app. III. 30S, 309). Letter of tlie Germau mer- 
chants of lU-ugge to Cologne : Mentions Bortold Questeid^erg, citizen 
of Cologne. 

1448. etc. The Cologne Senate List shows that ]>ertold C^iestenbtrg was a 
Senator almost continuously from 1418 to MSI. 

MiV», July 2. fVou der Ibipi., IJI, 408 i. Eefers to the verbal report of Ber- 
told Questenberg that Hinr: Blitterv.ieh had been surprised and cap- 
tured on the way from Brugge to Antwerp, in ]iupelmoude. 

1-119, July 25. (Von der Rapp, III, -lOUj. Bertolt Questeubergh and others 
are mentioned as the representatives of the oommou counter of the 
H;!nse, at London. England. 

1451, Sept. 3. (Von der Kapp, in, 573). Mentions Bertoult Questeulierg as 

one of the merchants of the German Hanse, in Loudon, England. 

1-451, Sept. 17. (Col. Arch.. Hanse Matters). Berthold Questenberg and 
others of the common society of the travelers to Euglaud. at this time 
being in Frankfort, write a letter to the city of Cologne, etc. 

1452, May 27. (CI. Arch., L. B. 21, p. 31)). The Senate of Cologne requests 

the Senate of Lubeck to iu:rmit Ik'rtold Questenberg and other citizens 
of Cologne to pass through Lubeck with English cloths, as they were 
brought before the prohilntion. 

1452, Aug. 15. (Von der Kapp, IV, 87). The German merchants of Loudon to 
Bertold Questenberg, and others. (A letter in cipher.) 

1457, May 31. (Keusseu's JLitriculates of the Univer-ity of Cologne, I. 4.G3;. 

Tilman t^aestenberch de Colonia, ad artes intravit solvit, is matriculated 
in the University of Cologne. 

1458, Sept. G. (Von der llai^p, IV, 457). Cologne to Bertold Questenberg aud 

others relative to the day line at Brugu'e. 

14G1, Aug. 7. (Stein's "Constitution aud (roveriiment of Cologne," I, 33G). 

Bertolt Questenberg mentioned as Burgomaster. 
14G1, Xov. 18. (Stein, II. 387, 3.s8). Prohibition of the purchase of horses 

from luercpuaries and night-watchmen. Kefereutibus, Wilhelmo de 

Canero et Bertoklo Questeuberg. 


1462, March 10. (Keusscu's Matricnlates, I, r>l.j). Mntriculatcd in the 
Uuiversity of Cologne: Hynrich Questenbereh, uon intravit, quia 
minorenius, S'jlvit. 

11G2, Miirch 14. (Von der R:\]>i\ V, 120). Acjreemout ut "Wt-el : Ind bn synt 
vol" den hern den steden ersheueu die eirsanien IJertolt (^ue-^teober^' 
iud Pauwel lloiden, Cuuplon von Collen. (Untran.~lat;dde.; 

14G2, Nov. 13. (Stein. I, 39S). llefers to the presence of the jury at the 
Sessions for discussing matters pertaining to the Superior Court. 
Keferate : Bertoldo Quostenberg. 

14C3, May 13. (Coh Arch., Hanse Matters, a.) Bertohl Questenberg and 
other citizens of Cologne in London, to Cologne: "Keportthat the 
damage done them by French subjects has not yet been repaired, 
despite many petitions to the King and Parliament; fear in case they 
are not reimbursed by June 'J4, and receive no protection throngh 
Cologne's freedom, to lose their whole possessions ; and beg that a 
committee be sent to King and Parliament in order to learn whom the 
citizens of Cologne have for friend or enemy, and to dispose of the 
assertion that Cologne is in alliance with the King of England. 

14C5, Sept. 19-Oct. 9. (Von der Papp, V. 4. si). 'M^ertold Questenbereh and 
other careful men were present at the Hanseatic Council, at Hamburg, 
representing the aflairs of the Hanse at London, England." 

14C5, Nov. .5. (Von der Rapp, V. .527). Heiurich Grevenstein reports that he 
had taken steps in behalf of Bertold Questenbergh and the other 
captured Commissioners of Cologne, and expects their speedy libera- 

1466, Nov. 8. (Knipping, I, 140). Bertolt Questenberg buys some life annui- 

ties, etc. 

1467, Aug. 12. (Col. Arch., Hanse Matters, 9). Hermann Wanmete to Bert. 

Questenberg and others of the common society of Englan<l's travelers. 
at Cologne : A. letter concerning the vain efforts of Lubeck to secure 
peace with England, etc. 

146S. (Euuen, III, 704 ). According to a register of 1468, among other Cologne 
merchants in London who had overseers was Christian Questenberg. 

1470, Feb. 20. (Col. Arch.. Hanse Matters.) The Common Society of Cologne 
at London, to Bertold Questenberg and the comnum society of Eng- 
land's travelers, at Cologne : liejiorts upon its elforts with the King to 
confirm their privileges, etc. 

1472, July 8. (Stein, I, 428). Mentions Bertolt Questenberg as KeutTermeister 

of Cologne. 

1473, April 21. fStein, TI, ."i02). Bertoult Questenberg is mentioned in con- 

nection with the promulgation of the regulations for the s.ifety of the 
city of Cologne. 

1474, Aug. 2-Sept. 10. (Stein, II, 510 13). Relative to the departure of the 

armed forces for the field. Referate : Bertoldo Questenberg. 


Uir>, Juue 13. (Steiu, I, iM). lleLitive to the atonement of tbo Si-nntoiB and 
tlitir fricDils, aud other accuiiiplighed geut.hnnen, who did not obey the 
order for the meeting. lleierate : r>:irtoldo Questenberg, magi-^tro 

1470, May 20-June 28. (Yon der Eapp, YII. r.33). Cord Questenberg is men- 
tioned as a delegate to the Hanseatic Council at Lubeck. 

1478, Jnue 4. (Steiu, II, 5G2-'3). Eertoldo Questenberg referente in the 
nuitter of regulating apothecary shops. 

1478, Aug. 28. (Schafer's " Hanse Documents," I, 25, Ko. 30). Cologne to 
the Cologne merchants at London: Reply to the letter of Bertolt 
Questenberg and other Cologne citizens, as to how to obtain special 
privileges, etc. 

1487, April 25. (Schafer, II, 106, No. 114). Relative to loss of Kurt Questen- 
berg from a too low estimate mad^ on his goods at Loudon. 

1489, Aug. 29. (Toepke's '' Matriculates of the University of Heidelberg," I, 
394). "Among the matriculates of the University of Heidelberg has 
been Gotfridus Questenberg, ex Colonia." 

1491, Juue 1. (Schafer, II. 517, No. 507, etc). Complaints of the Cologne 
delegates upon the day journey with the English at Antwerp, before 
the Utrecht peace. Among others: The iodemnilication of Bertram 
Questenberch and Johann Questenberch. 

1494, June 10. (Schafer, II, 304, No. 377). Cologne to Johann Questenberg 
merchant of Cologne, being at thi.s time at Antwerp : " Transmits 
letter and copy addressed to the King of England, at the request of the 
merchants in intercourse with England, and asks what else may bo 
done, and whom to address," etc. 

1504. The Cologne Senate List shows that Johann Questenberg was a member 
of the Senate continuously from 1-504 to 1514. 

1515, Oct. 17. (Hanse Documents, YI, 709). Eberh : Koster, at Antwerp, to 
Johann Questenlierg. and other Cologne merchants : llequests that a 
Hanso delegation be sent to France to see the King about the restitu- 
tion of the stolen merchandise, etc. 



(Royal State Archives; Dusseldorf ; wills of Cologne Citizens : Lit: Q. No. 17). 

lu God's name. amen. Be it known to all wh>) may see or hear read this pub- 
lic instrument, testament, legacy and last will, that in the year after the birth of 
Christ our Lord 152:'., in the eleventb iudiction, on the 3rd day «i the rui.uth 
of January at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, in the first year of tlie papal reign of 

IX (n;RMAxv, I'.xciLAXi) Axi) A:\n;RiCA. 83 

Ariau Sixtb, by the Grace of G<xl Pope, and iu tlie tliird year of tlm iniperial 
reigu of the most illustrious aud I'uissant Piiuff and T.uid, CJharlcs, chosen 
lioiunu EnipiTor, at all times of several douuiiiis, tluM-e persoually catuo and 
appeared before the wise and liuiiorablc llerr Ifilger van deni Spiegell and .Tohan 
Slossgin, Justices at Cologne, aud also before me, uolary, and the witnesses 
hereinafter named who were especially summoned for that purpose, the wise 
aud honorable Johan Qukstenuouch, citizen of Cologne, aud Styngin, his wife ; 
and as the said Juhau was somewhat feeble of body, but by God's grace in pos- 
session of his mind and senses, as all conld plainly see, and they considering 
and concluding under divine direction that all human life u})on this miserable 
earth is uncertain, frail aud temporary and is subject to extincliou, aud also 
that death is certain and the hour thereof uncertain, have decided to make and 
do hereby make this their last will and testament : aud that thesvirvivor of the 
two may not be given trouble or burdened with pain through any dissensions 
of their children, and iu order that friendly feelings aud harmony may at all 
times exist among them, the said Johan and Stingin. married people, to the 
honor of God aud the bliss and consolation of their souls, do hereby make and 
ordain this their last will aud disposition of all their goods and property, and 
declare it iu the best and most binding form that may, can or might be ; 
aud that the . . . previously-made, sealed aud executed will may not disap- 
•poiut their children, they make this their last will without prejudice or iiijury 
to any of tliem, aiul they desire therefore that all aud every testaments or 
. . . heretofore made shall bo hereby auuuUed and revoked, and they nuike 
this instrument the order of their testament, legacy and la-t will, for the beu- 
elil of their children, and desire that it shall stand and remain unbroken, as 
hereinafter described. 

Firstly : they give their souls after death to God the Almighty, to Mary his 
benign mother, aud to all the Saints, to bring them into the lap of everlasting 
bliss; aud their bodies to the church vault for the prayers of all the priests 
there (whicli vault they have chosen aud reserved at St. Columbt-u) aud they 
are to be given decorous funerals, as may be respectable, proper and suitable 
to their station iu life : aud it is their express will aud contract that the sur- 
vivor shall have read three masses daily during three years iu the church at 
St. Columben ; similarly the survivor of the two shall have three masses read 
for the first departed everyday during threeyeavs in Crod's house at St. Agatha, 
and au annual mass during the three years following, and a daily mass at the 
Augustines for the soul of the first departed and for the souls of all who may 
desire it, or are iu distress, as is customary. Thereafter it is their will to give to 
His Grace the Archbi-^hop of Cologne one golt-guldeu to be paid by the sur- 
vivor of the two; and it is als.o their will to give toward the building of the 
Cathedral iu Cologne five aud twenty gulden, each guMeu valued at four mavcks- 
rader, in order that the worthy holy crucifix of the S.ivior may l)e placed in the 
new sanctuary to be adored and honored by the coaimon populace. 

Item : it is their wish and desire to give to the Nuns at St. Agatha 200 gul- 
den, each gulden valued at 1 luarck-rader, and said nuns shall bind themselves 
to perpetually hold an annual memorial service in their chapel for the souls of 
the said married people, and of all those who may wish it. It is also their vv-ish 
to give to Elysabeth (.^uesteubcrch, their daughter, now at St. Agatha, 100 gul- 

84 MicMOiaAi.s OF TUT': gnsKxr-iCRRV family 

den for her Bustciumoe aud necessities and not to be used fur any other pur])Ose, 
and to be preferred above all tlieir otlier legacies. 

Item: it i-. their \vill fo give to Cnnradt CJcylt-nkirehon live and twenty sim- 
ilar guhleu. 

Item: it i- thoir will 1o give to Cathringen, daughter of Peter Huynibuch, 
their graudehild. 300 similar gulden. 

Item: it is thfir will to give to tlie Bretgrien in Cologne five and twenty gul- 
den, each valued at marck ; and to the Minueu Brothers live and twenty gulden, 
and to the Augu.-.tini;s four similar gulden, and therefor the said three Orders shall 
carry both their bodies to the church vault and perform the usual burial rites 
for the souls of the dead, and to institute a perpi^tnal annual service for these 
married people in their chapels, according to custom. It is their will to give to 
the Frauwen Brothei-s in Cologne 10 gulden each valued at 4 marck, and there- 
for the said Brothers sliall help carry th>='ir bodies to the church vault, and they 
shall perform the usual burial rites in their chapel for the soul of the fir^t 

Item : it is their will to give to the monastery at Bottenbroick 80 gulden, each 
gulden valued at 4 Cologne mavck, and therefor the brethren of the same shall 
hold a burial service in their chapel for the llrst departed, and shall bind them- 
selves to hold perpetually an annual nnMiiorial service for the souls of the 
testators, and to give it truly and genuinely, as they fully trust the brethren to 
perform it. 

Item : it is their will to give to the Convent Koeningsdorp and to the Con- 
vent at ^Voeryngen each ten Cologne gulden, and to the Convent at Kerch five 
similar gulden, and therefor the three convents shall hold in their respective 
chapels burial services for the tirst departed, and shall pray fervently to 
Almighty God for his or her soul. 

Item : it is their will to give to St. Mauricien in Cologne 10 gulden, and to 
the Body of our L jrd 15 gulden, and to the Convents of St. Vincent Burch- 
muyreu and St. Nicholas in the Burchhoeve, and also to the Brothers atLongen, 
each 10 gulden valued at 4 Cologne marck each, for their chapels, and there 
for each of the said convents shall hold in its chapel a burial service for the 
first departed, according to their usual custom, aud shall truly pray to .\lmighty 
God for his or her soul. 

Item: it is tlieir will to give to the Convent at ilarien Bethlehem in the 
Roymersgasse lo gulden, and to the Cloi-^ter at Eygelsteyn tive and twenty 
gulden : to Nazareth, on St. Geronisstraysse, 10 gulden ; and to the Cloister at 
St. Johan 10 giddeu : each gulden at 4 marck-rader : and therefor the said con- 
vents shall hold burial services in their chapels for the tirst departed, and shall 
truly pray to Almighty God for his ur her soul. 

Item : it is tlieir will and desire to give to the poor foundlings in the Cathedral 
25 similar gulden. 

Item : it is their will to give to the poor people in the hospital at St. Kevel- 
lien and in th< hospital at St. Cathryneu, and to the poor people iu tlie Yper- 
walde, each 25 >ii!iilar gulden, which amount shall be used and spent for wine, 
flour and bread fur the poor people in said hn-pitals. and fc)r nothing else. 

Item: it is their will .ami de-ire to give to the lepers at Melatcu and to the 
lepers and poor people in the Yuodenbur^hell .in<l at Vyle ten gulden eacdi, and 
to the poor lepers at Wyer 5 similar gulden, e ich valued at 4 marck. 


Item: it is th'iii- will to L;ive to the Carllmyserou 10 f^iihleii, iuuUhcrefnr 
they shall hold a burial scvvi(.H- in their chapel for the fir-~t departed, ami to 
truly pray for the sonl of hiui or her. 

Item : it is their will to give to the pastor at St. Columbeu two gulden, and 
to the sacristan thereof one gulden. 

Item : it is their will to give to Frederieh Faenpoit, priest of Hoelfelt. 2 
golt-gulden, and to Dedrich von Dortniuude 1 golt-gulden. 

Item : it is their will to give to Johan Sydevevren 10 gulden ; also to Jacol)- 
their servant, as a reward, 15 similar gulden, each valued at 4-marck, 

It is their will to give to Styngin, natural daughter of their son Bertoldt. 200 
gulden, each of the value of -t marck, which shall be used and expended fi^r 
the benefit of said Styngin whether she devotes herself to a spiritual avocation 
or enters holy wedlock. 

Item : Roth and each of the testator- agree that the survivor of the two shall 
execute this and carry it out. taking proper receipts from the beneticiuries, and 
in no other manner. Furthermore, said Johan and Stingeu ordain, wish, and 
desire that there be held and read perpetually at the church of St. Columben 
before the altar of St. Barbara, a daily mass, beginning at the time of the death 
of the first of them, for both their souls, the souls of their parents and of all 
thijse who may desire it : and as soon as the mass is read and over the priest 
who read the mass shall go to the graves of the said testators and there read 
de profundis, with the usual C(~>llect ; and if theprie?t at any time is not able to 
read the mass himself he >hall be compelled and bound to put another suitable 
priest in his place, so that the mass may not be missed at any time ; and the }>riest 
who has been selected to read the massshall be a stiitable priest, of good regimen, 
and it shall be given to no other. And in order that the mass may be held and 
read daily, and not forgotten, said Juhaun and Stingin desire to give in support 
of the said masses, and hereby expressly give, leave, and bequeath 38 half gulden 
of 4: niarck-radergeldtz of hereditary rents and faire-gulden to the wise and hon- 
orable Burgomaster, Justice and Councillor of the Koyal court and city of Aiclie. 
to be paid annually : the principal con-ideratious pertaining to it beginning 
us follows : "To all people to whom this our open document may come, we. 
Burgomaster. Justice, Councillor and ordinary citizen of the royal court and 
city Aich, be it known that we have sold and do hereby sell to Joens Wylreinau, 
3S half gulden, each of said gulden valued at 24: Electoral wisspennyuckg'.', or 
whatever they may be worth in other good minted money at the time of pay- 
ment hereafter to be made in the city of Cologne, from the annual ineome as a 
moderate sum of money, namely, a half-hundred of modest Overlandi-'-hf^ 
Iihenisch gulden turned over to us and converted aeci>rding to the best of our 
ability," etc., etc.; and ending thus: •• On our dear I.ady"s day. nativitatis. in 
the year of our Lord 1-i'JO," together with a will document relatin^' th'-reto, 
which begins thus: " I Joens Wylreman, citizen of .\iche. give ]niblic notice 
to all people before me and my heirs by virtue of this document,'' etc., and 
concluding: '-On the 0th day of May in the year of our Lord 1502;" which 
38 half gulden and hereditary rents with the princip:^! conditions and will- 
docamonts relating thereto the said testators have given and bequeathed to the 
perpetual licreditary u\ass by virtue of this public instrument, with the direc- 

tiou tliat tlie priest \vlio rcn-ls, perforins and lioM^ the mass sLall have aunually 
34 of the said half gulihni f^r his labor aiul tronldo, and the 4 guldcu of heredi. 
tary rents shall be devoted, turned over and used for the jj^rpetual annual 
jjieinoriid service, whieh memorial service shall be eontinuallv hell in the 
church at St. Columbeu at all four quatuor tempore vith vigils and a singing 
mass f<jr the souls of their parents and themselves as \vell as for the souls of 
all who may desire it. And in case such hereditary mass together v.-itb the 
perpetual annual memorial service should be neglected and not performed in 
whoh^ or in part, the 38 half gulden and the hereditary rents should be given 
up iu the future, the beneficiaries and collatoris of these hereditary masses shall 
not retain the funds on account of the release, but shall at once again invest 
the hereditary funds in a safe manner and place iu order that the masses and 
memorials together with the annual services may be read and held, and not 
neglected. And therefore it is the will of the testators that their latest heirs 
and descendants who may be last living shall be at all times the beneficiaries 
and collatoris of the said hereditary masses, if it can be done; but if their 
descemlauts who are now and hereafter may be living .should all die off one 
after the other, the sacristans at St. Columben at the time who may be pleased 
to give the mass shall be the beneficiaries and collatoris of the said masses and 
remain so forever: audit is the will of the testators that the said rent-docu- 
ments together with the will-documents concerning the survivor of the two 
shall be devoted and used in a true and faithful manner for the aforementioned 
hereditary masses; and that the said survivor of the two shall have a guarantee 
and indemnity with the advice of the sacristans having charge thereof, and shall 
seal and bind with their seals that the said hereditary masses and memorials to 
God's love and honor, and also to the bliss, salvation and consolation of their 
own souls, shall be continually held and not missed nor neglected : and the 
said testators will that this hereditary mass shall be read officially as heretofore 
declared and described, and shall be held iu no other place nor location than 
those previously named, but in them alone. Furthermore, it is the will of 
Joban Questenborch that Stingiu his wife shall give and esi>end 4(iiiO ri-olt- 
gulden out of their joint income (according to their agreement) to the ])oor in 
the almshouse, for God's glory, if Johan should not execute this purjiose durin" 
his own life: and said Johan agrees that in case Stiugin should .lepart first he 
will distribute 5000 or GOOO golt-gulden according as she may direct for God's 
honor, or will give it to any of her ne.Kt of kin whom she desires to have it, or 
to their children, or to any one else. And the said Johan and Stingiu have 
harmoniously agreed that thf survivor of the two shall remain in possession of 
all and every of tlie remaining <,'oods and properties, during life, and use and 
enjoy it according as they may have need, and -ball not bo accountable for it to 
their children and heirs or to any one else, in any manner whatsoever. 

Item: And then the said Johan and Stingiu related how their lawful son, 
Bertolt Questenberch, had conducted himself in England, where he minrded 
and associated with dissolute companions and also neglected his business to 
such an extent that it fell away greatly, and he loaned out his parents' goods 
and and incurred bad debts, and also spent and gave away foolish ly'niore 
than -1000 golt-gulden in gold— whereby the said testators have just cause to 
disinherit the said Bertoldt, their son. However, through the intervention of 

IN Gi-mrAXV, i:xc.LAxn axI) ami;rica. 87 

several good friends and acquaintances, and through the desiro of the highly 
houomble and devout Niclais ZcgehM-, master at ]5arr. tlic^ said Johan and Stin- 
gen have forgiven and condoned tlie sjud actions ami misdeeds of their 8ou ; 
with the restriction and on the condition that if Dertoldt desires after their 
death to divide with his sisters and the lieirs at law, and to claim and take ]K)S- 
session of his share, he shall first pay in L'OOO golt-guldeu iu gold, or deduct it 
from his share, ou account of the 4000 golt-gulden in gold which he dissipated 
and squandered in the aforemention foolish manner ; and after Bertoult has 
brought 2000 golt-gulden into the division or they have been deducted from 
his share, then, and not before, shall the said BertoU be and stand upon au 
equal division with his sisters and the heirs at law, after the death of his parents, 
a.ud not otherwise. Fnrtliermoro, he shall not have and keep for his own 
benefit whatever he may be able to collect of the bad debts which he foolishly 
incurred iu Eughmd, but shall divide it with his sisters and the heirs at law. 
But should Bertolt, their son, not bring them 2o00 golt-gulden as aforemen- 
tioned, nor agree to have it deducted from his share in the division, the said 
Johan and Stingeu desire and will that Bertolt, their son, shall have and keep, 
once for all, 1000 golt-guldeu in gold, and thereafter their said son shall have 
no further share in their reiuaiuiug goods, chattels, property, money, silverware, 
and furniture, and all and every of their outstanding claims that may be found 
either within or without Cologne after their death : and he shall 1)6 totally dis- 
inherited and remain satisfied therewith. And when their said sou Bertolt has 
bee.u disinherited arid cut otT from all their possessions as before declared, now 
as then and then as now, neither their said son Bertolt nor any one else ou his 
account shall thereafter have a right in any manner to claim or demand any of 
their remaining goods, chattels, or outstanding bills, nor to have, hold, place, 
or invest them in any manner. But their daughters and heirs at law who may 
abide by the terms of this will shall then have all and every of the remaining 
goods, chattels, and possessions, together with the outstanding bills, to hold 
and divide the same equally among themselves. And Johan and Stiugin will 
and bequeath by virtue of this instrument to their subservieut and obedient 
children and heirs at law all remaining goods, chattels, and possessions, together 
•with their outstanding l)ills, with such restriction as is pneviously and herein- 
after written, ordered, and decreed. 

Item: in like manner the said testators have jointly concluded and decreed 
that as it might happen that any one of their daughters and heirs at law may 
not abide by this will, or iu any event may oppose it by words or deeds, theu 
he or she so opposing or disobeying shall have as his or her share 1000 golt- 
gulden, once for all, and therewith shall be cut off, disinherited and dispos- 
sessed totally and cumpletely from all the remainder of the property of what- 
ever description. And said testators wish all this to be held and observed as 
their last will without hindrance or opposition from any ono : and if their son, 
daughters, and heirs at law hold filially and dutifully to the survivor and con- 
duct themselves according to the contents of this will (of which tho testators 
have no doubt), then the said testators wish and will that their children and 
heirs at iaw (after testators' death) shall divide equally, as it becomes brothers 
and sisters to divide, all and every of their remaining possessions, monies, rents, 
moveables, live stock, and goods, together with their outstanding bills, and that 

88 :mt:moriai,s ok 'j-itk orisi-ixi'.i'.KKV KA^rii.v 

the 2000 golt-<,'nlden :ir<- to be atUle^l by their son lUutohlt, ns above diricted, 
or elso deducted froui hi.s share. And each one. whether son or daughter, shall 
be charged in tlie division with what they have received, and shall then divide 
cordially and fraternally with the others, as has hereinbefore been directed. 
And the said -Tohau and Stiuj^en desire to have and to hold all this as their last 
will, and in the aforementioned manner and method each of the said testators 
has named and chosen the other who may be last living as his or her trne execu- 
tor, and desire him or lier to execute truly all the aforementioned devises, and 
to do it thorouL;]iIy by virtue of this instrument. 

Lastly: the said Johau and Stingen, married people, wish and will that this 
well-considered instrument \h- their last will and testament, to be observed and 
held as such, and to have the effect and force of a lawful testament and legacy. 
(Some unmeaning " legal jargon" is omitted here. — Translator.) 

Done in Cologne in the dwelling house of the testators, situated "Upder 
Brugge,'" in the parish of St. Columbeu, in a room in the said house, in the 
year of our Lord, indiction, month, day, time, country, and empire aforemen- 
tioned, and signed before the justices and me, notary, and witnessed by the 
honorable Jacop and Dunwalt Gremer. 

(Koyal Archives: Du?seldorf ; Wills of Cologne Cit:izens ; Lit: Q. No. 23.) 

On March oO, 15 Ia, in the first indiction of the Homan numeral, on Friday 
after the Holy Passion, the day being the :30th of 3Iarch, about 3 o'clock in tlie 
afternoon, in the •lid year of the reign of the most illustrious Prince and Lord, 
Lord Charles, by the grace of God crowned Koman Emperor, and at all times 
King of several domains in Germany, Spain, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, llungarv, 
etc., there personally appeared before Hilgus vam Spegels and ^Melchiors Mum- 
merschlogs. Justices at Cologne, and of me. notary public, the honorable and 
esteemed Berthot.t QrE-xtNurRG, citizen of Cologne, and Ids wife Margretha 
Clippincks, said Margrieth being weak of boily but sound of mind, and declared 
the following as their last will and testament, namely : 

Firstly, they give their souls to God and his beloved mother Mary : and his 
body to be buried in the parish of St. Columben in the grave of his parents, 
and hers in the grave of her parents in the same parish, &c. Item : they give 
to the most holy father the Pope and to the Archbishop of Cologne and toward 
the building of the high Cathedral in Cologne, each a tornisch : and toward the 
building of the parish church of St. Laureiuium, in Cologne, one gulden : and 
to the poor li>0 gulden, to be paid by the survivor. Margareth svills especially, 
with Berthold's consent, that there be instituted by her heirs and relatives, a 
memorial mass at St. Laureutium, by the Preiithers of Cologne, similar to the 
one institutt d to the memory of Elizabeth Klippincks, and gives therefor an 
annuity of 15 golt-gulden. Item : the testators include in this will all the 
possessions that each inherited from their parents or derived from any or all 
other sources, and the survivor is maile executor. Make their children heirs 
e<pially <if everything, but if any of them are disobedient their share may be 
withheld. Reserve the right to alter, change, etc. 

IX g>:rmaxv, Kxcn.Axn axd amkrica. 89 

Done iu a cbainber upstairs iu tlic liouse of the testators iu the parish of Ht. 
Laurence, at the time aforesaid. Wicuesses : Johaii vou Brempt aud Nica^sius 
Foegeler. Notary: Joliau Ileluiau. 

(Much condeused.) 

(Koyal Archives: Dussehlorf; Wills uf Cologne Citizens. Lit: Q. No. IS). 

Ou January 24, 155s, on Monday about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, in the 
third year of Pope Paul IV, and in the thirty-ninth year of Charles V, chosen 
lloman Emperor, etc., there appeared before Matthis vou Thitz and Johan 
Verriss, Justices of the ElectonJ High Court at Cologne. MARftAiiETA Quksten- 
BEF.G, lav,ful daughter of Johau Questenberg, deceased, sound in body aud 
mind, and ueclared hor last ^vill and testament as follows : 

First, she gives her soul to God, Jesus Christ, and Holy Mary his mother, 
and to all the Saints, and ^vishes to be buried in the church vault at St. 
Columben at the altar of St. Nicolais, where Bertholdt Questenberch is buried. 
Item : she desires to be buried with all solemnities aud according to her station 
in life by the four Praying Orders aud all the priests at St. Columben, and each 
of these priests shall have a thoruisch. Item : to the Archbishop and Elector 
of Cologne, one golt-gulden, and toward the building of the cathedral one golt- 
gulden. To each of the four Praying Orders one ten-gulden current, for which 
they are to perform the burial service and pray for her soul. Item : one ten- 
gulden current to the Brothers of the Cross, for which they shall pray for her 
soul. Item : one ten-golt-gulden to the Convent iu the Piemersgasse, that she 
may be prayed for : to the Cloisters at St. Mauritius and St. Agagtha aud St. 
Agatius in the Marcellusstrasse, each one teu-gulden current to pray for her. 
Item: to the monks at St. Iguatius aud under '• sixteen houses," and to the 
chapel at St. Michaell at St. Cilien. each one ten-gulden ctirreut, to pray for 
her soul. Item : she wi-^hes three annual masses, one at St. Agaten, one at 
St. Iguatius in the Stolckgasse, aud one at St. Columben, to be read immediately 
after her death, and gives for each 25 golt-gulden. Aud she gives an annuity 
of 42 half-gulden for the high Cathedral at Cologne, to be derived fri.>iu von 
Bonneuberg. left to her by her parents ; aud an annuity of 12 golt-gulden ti> 
the couveut iu the Romergasse iu Cologne, aud both said sums are to be used 
for five hereditary masses for her soul to be held once a week for five weeks iu 
the church at St. Columben: the first mass to be held every Saturday at the 
altar of St. Nicolais wtth playing of the organ, and shall be a high ma-s ; the 
second shall be held every Sunday at the chapel of St. Michaell at St. Columben, 
and the third, fourth, and lifth shall be held Mondays, Tuesdays, and Thursdays 
at the altar of St. Nicolais there, etc. She gives an annuity of 4 golt-gulden 
to be paid to the cathedral funds for an annual and quarterly memorial services. 
Item : she give^ to each of her executors an ort-gultz so long as they live, f<ir 
which they shall see that her will is carried out, etc., and after the death of the 
executors this income shall go to the Priors of the Preachers and Brothers of 
the Cross for a similar purpose. The documents concerning the 42 g.ilt-gulden 
shall be put in a strong box at St. Columben and preserved there forever. Item : 


to the poor in iSl. Coluiuhpii parish one teii-f^uMcn curreut jmnnally from the 
rent of her house caUeil " .^choiiiiveddcr'" in the Sifrnougasse. Item: tn her 
niece Anne von der Eliercn. at the Cloist>>r of St. Mauritius, 2") yoll-guhleu ; 
to Christine Qiiesteuherg, hiy-sister at St. Mauritius, one ])iooe goltz : to 
Adriane Qnestenberg, nun at St. Agatius iu the Mareellensslnisse. one piece 
goUUz ; to her sister, Cnuegimdis Questenberg, widow of Peter von Heimbaeh. 
Burgomaster of Cologne, a rose noble and a KroUeu paternoster with a gilded 
vesper image; to Cathriua Heimbacli. eldesl daughter of her sister and wife of 
Baron Everhardtz Sudermau. 10 gold gulden; to Margaret Ileimbach, her 
niece, wife of Dr. Conradt Fursteubereh, 10 gnJt-gulden ; to Barthohlt von 
Heimbaoh, her nephew, 10 golt-guldeu, and to the children of her deceased 
brother, Bartolt Questenberch, namely : to I'.verhardt, priest, and to Ijartholdt 
Que.sleuberg, Christine Questeuberchs, wife of Dv. Otto Funlen, and Gerhardt, 
Johan, and Caspar, each 25 golt-galden. To her nephew, Herman von der 
Eheren, an annuity of 30 golt-guldeu and two small gihled cups with lids: to 
Peter von der Eheren an annuity of IS daller, to be paid from the income of 
the landed estate at Herrcnmulhem, and also a silver can with a wild manuikin 
on the lid. To her nephew Bartholdt von der Eheren an annuity of IS rader- 
guldeu and also an annuity of 12 Khenisli gulden from the t-tate Steiuenberg, 
iu the Burgerstrasse, and a silver can with a tower on the lid. Item : to her 
nephew Allexander von der Eheren, her favorite, an annuity of lOO golt-gulden 
from the Palitinate on the Pihiue, and also 27 golt-gulden and 2-j goltgulden 
(annuitie.s) to be paid at the cathedral capital iu Cologne, and an annuity of 
40 golt-guldeu also to be paid at the high Cathedral in Cologne ; and an annuity 
of 4") golt-guldeu to be paid from the estate at Munster, iu Westphalia, and 
also two large silver caus and two large silver cups with lids ; and also to the 
same three large silver salvers, two dozen silver spoons, two silver beer pots, 
four silver salt cellars and six silver cups with lids. Also to said Allexander 
and Barbara his wife, all her furniture and bedding and all the contents of her 
house called '• Zum Scuerffgen," together with all her remaining cash, mouies, 
and valuables after all other legacies have lieen paid, and tliis shall include all 
that she inherited from Brune von Blitterschwich, Jiurgomaster of Cologne. 
Item : to Barbara von Harff, her nephew's wife, all her clothing, also 20 old 
pieces goltz and a silver and gilt crucifix and a silver rosary. Item : she relates 
that she has loaned to Johan von Galen, apothecary at "Zum Wilden Man," 
under Wappensticken, certain monies which shall be collected. And she gives 
to all her other relations each a six-rader albus. She appoints Melchior von 
Bolinxwerdt and Melchior Kleindanck, named Mommf-rssloch, and Alexander 
von der Eheren her executors, etc. 

Done in Cologne in the house of Margaret t2uesteuber<>h in the Klockengasse, 
in the parish of St. C<ilumben, in a room on the first tlior, at the time above 
named. Witnesses: Peter Throin, priest, and Tlioni- Zimmerman, citizen of 
Cologne. Justices: Matthis von Thiiz and Johan Verris. NtHary Public: 
Chri'^toffer Kessell von Waussum. 

(The above was condensed from 21 foolNcap pages in the original. The 
testatrix added a codicil of tive pages under date of May 23, 1.5.j9, but it was 
merely to coniirra an<l strengthen the main will, and made no new devises. — 


(Royal Slate Archives: Dusseldorf : Wills of Colot,'iie Citizens; Lit: Q., No. .) 

lu the name of fiod, anien. De it l<no\vn to all to whom this mav cuiiie, that 
iu'tbe year of our dear lyonl iind Savior Jesiis Christ 155G, and in tho -ith year 
of the reiga of the most illustrious and puissant Prince and Lord ^Maximilian, 
by the grace of God, the second of that name, chosen lioman ICmperor, etc., 
etc., there personally appeared hefore inc, notary, the wise and honorahlt' 
gentlemen, Casper Andreas, named Sittarde, and Adoli)h von Bronweylor, both 
Justices of the Temporal Electoral Court of Cologne, and in the presence of 
the reputable witnesses hereinafter named — Eberhaudt Questknbkrgu. 
priest, of sound mind and intelligence (as might be plainly seen) and by God's 
grace, healthy and sound in body: who has considered under God's guidance, 
and has concluded that man's intelligence and mind become weaker from dav 
to day as he grows older, and that he is subject to death, and that there is 
nothing more certain than death, though its hour is uncertain : and that man 
is therefore not always able to execute a will. 

In order that he, after his departure from this vale of tears, may not be found 
intestate, and especially in order that no wrong, dispute or controversy may 
arise between his brothers and sisters on account of the propertj' which he now 
possesses, moveable and immoveable, situated within and without Cologne, or 
found in his coffers or in debentures after his death, and that all kindly feeling 
and affection may be preserved — therefore, and to that end, he has made. 
ordained and executed of his own free and premeditatL-d choice, this his last 
will and testament, in manner and form following; namely : 

The said Eberhardt revoke- and annuls hereby all and every former wills ami 
testaments or other dispositions of his property, however, wherever, or to 
whomsoever the same may have been made or declared before this, either 
verbally or in writing, and ordains that they shall be of no force or efl'ect, and 
that this instrument alone shall be and remain his true last will and testament. 
The testator humbly prays that after his death his soul may be received into 
eternal bliss, and desires that his dead body shall be buried at St. Columben : 
and requests that his brother Gerhardt, the executor of this will, shall see with 
respect to the burial, that all the vigils, commendations, masses, monthly hours, 
and yearly times, the giving of alms to the poor, and whatever other Christian 
ceremonies may be necessary, are duly i)erfurmed, so that everything may be 
done according to sacred usage, as well as to the testator's station in life. 
And further, in order to strengthen this will, the testator bequeaths to the 
Archbishop of Cologne who may be officiating at the time of his death, a twr- 
nisch, or in lieu thereof tive raderschillingh ; and also a tornihcli (, or in lieu 
thereof five raderschillingh) toward the building of the high Cathedral at 
Cologne. He further desires that when all his debts have been paid and can- 
celled, all his remaining property of whatever description (of wliich nothing is 
excepted) shall be divided among his lirothers and sisters, and that eaeh of 
them shall have full power and authority to use, enjoy, give away or sell his or 
her shii!'e, according to ilieir will or necessity; and as one or more of his 
brothers <>r sisters may die and leave offspring in holy wedlock, l)efore testator 
dies, then such lawful i.-sue of the deceased shall succeed; and everything that 


wonld Imve been inlu-i iteJ nutler this will by liiin or her deceased shall be 
inborited by their lawful children in as full and complete a manner as their 
father or mother would have inherited it if they had lived. It is the testator's 
will that his brothers and si^^ter,s and their heirs livitif,' after his death shall take 
possession of all his property, rents, money, interest and other incomes, and 
all moveable and immoveable goods, to have and to hold, use, etc., by virtue 
of this instrument. The testator reserves for him?elf the riyht to revoke, 
increase or diminish this testament and to substitute another ; and he appoints 
bis brother, the Honorable Gerhardt Questenbergb, Justice, as bis executor, 
and in case be sbonld die before tbe testator, tben be appoints bis brother, the 
Honorable Bartoldt Questenbergb, and for tbe labor and trouble of tbe executor 
be gives him two silver schaleu. which he shall receive after the death of tbe 
testator, and it shall be the tirst i>aym'nt made. 

Done in tbe City of Cologne, in the bou-e of the Honorable Bartbold Ques- 
tenberg, named " zur Lilieu op der Brugk," situated in tbe parish of St. 
Columben, down stairs in tbe large room facing tbe court. "Witnesses, 
Gerhardt Wegks, of Mulheim on tbe Hhur, and Matthias Itingelberg, of Nid- 
derweisel, botb residents of Colngue. Notary public, Conradt Bruusbeim, of 

(This will abbreviated and condensed as to non-essentials.— Translator). 


(Dosseldorf Koyal Archives : Wills of Cologne Citizens. Lit : Q. No. 22.) 

In tbe name of God tbe .\lmighty, amen. Be it known to all to whom this mav 
come tbat, after the birth of Christ our dear Lord ami Savi(jr v, hen we counted 
and wrote 1590, in tbe fourth indiction of the Bomerzinzaal, under the rule 
and government of tbe most illustrious, pui-jsant and unconquerable Prince and 
Jjord, Prince Kudolpb (of this name; tbe other) chosen lioman Emperor at all 
times of several domains in Germany, Hungary. Bohemia, Dalmatia, Crotia and 
Slavouia ; King, and Grand Duke of Austria. Duke of Burgundy. Steyer, 
Karndt, Grain and Wurteiirberg, Count of Tyrol ; in tbe reigu of our most 
gracious sovereign His Imperial Muj-sty of tbe Holy lo 'man Eni[ure in the 
sixteenth year : on Monday the 17tli of Deceml'er, personally came and apiieared 
before me, notary-pulilic, and the de\out. honorable and wise Herr Caspar 
Andre of Sittardt, and Ptrter a F<j.~sa, both Justices of the High Temporal Court, 
and before witnesses especially summoned for tbe purpose — tbe devout, honor- 
able, wise and virtuous Herr Glkhakut Quesiknbei:(;h, a Justice of tbe Tem- 
poral Court, sound of body, going and standing, and also bis wife, Cathriua 
zur Laine, who is alHicted with weakness of body and bed-ridden, not being 
able to walk seven feet : but botb gifted by tbe erace of God tbe .\lmigbty with 
sound minds, sense and understanding, as may be seen and discerned by every- 
V)ody from their cimvcrsatiou ; and botb these married peo[>le have permitted 
themselves to be questioned, one after tbe orber, and d'-clared that lliev liad 
tborongbly considered and reflected that all people are by nature trail and 
mortal and are (b^stiued to die. and that mankind have uotliiug more certain 
than deatb and nothing more uncertain than the hour of death ; therefore, and 


to avoid many cares, troubles ami anxiotics, tli' 
concluded to ordain, make and doclaru tlii.s tlici 
aud order the arran;:;ement and di-^iiosition of tli 
best aud most euduriu" nianii' r aud form, ajid to 

y liave Vioth determined and 

mutual reciprocal te-tauient, 

dr la-t will to be made in the 

be made as bindiuLr and forci- 

ble as shall, cau, or maybe p<i5sible l>et\veen them, and the one with the other; 
as follows : 

Firstly : both these married people, aud each of them, hereby cancel, anuul 
and revoke all former wills, devises aud bequests, uuder whatever uame, that 
are contrary to the present -will of both of them. 

Secondly : it is the hope of both these married people and of each of them 
that at the determined hour of their natural death their souls may be i,'ranted 
eternal happiness in the grace of Go.l the Almighty through the merits of Christ 
Jesus our only Redeemer, aud that their bodies may l)e buried aud the burials 
conducted under the rites of the Catholic Church ; aud it is their sincere hope 
that they shall arise at the last day of judgment with all true Christians to bear 
witness to God's grace aud mercy. 

Thirdly: both these married people will, bequeath, and wish to have given 
by the survivor of them a thornisch for the olTiciatiug Lord Arclibishup and 
Elector of Cologne. 

Fourthly: both these testating married people, together and separately, 
give a tovnisch especially to aid in the building of the high Cathedral here in 
Cologne, under an appropriate receipt, to be executed by the survivor. 

Fifthly : both testating married people name, institute and make lafter their 
decease) their natural children named Entgenn, Caspar. Gerhardtenn. Ilermanu, 
and Johaun. their natural heirs in equal shares, as they have shdwu tilial 
otiedience aud have given no cause for altering or changing the will of the two 
testators as declared by both, and also by the survivor. 

Sixthly: These testating married people give, one to the other, to the sur- 
vivor of them, full power aud authority to manage their children which they 
have begotten through God's providence, aud have educated to the best of their 
ability. They both are heartily inclined and intent upon liriuging benelits to 
their children, therefore the one has full conlldeur'e in the other, withmit any 
fears of the appreheuvled death, which is at the disposal of God's mo^t merci- 
ful providence. Aud as it may haiq^eu in the future that one rjr more i_>f the 
children may adopt a temporal or spiritual calling aud persist therein against 
the wishes of the remaining and last living parent, the survivor shall have 
power, just as if the testating couple were still together in life, to exclude aud 
deprive him or them from iuheriting any of their father's and mother's joint 
and several acquired, inherited, earned and gained property, and to have full 
power atid authority to give, leave aud beqtieath his or their share- i" "Ue or 
the other or to all of the obediv-ut aud filial children ; ami what the survivor of 
these two married people may do, ordt.-r, ordain, declare, or add to or take 
from the sluue of one or the other of the children a'^-ording to his or her be-it 
judguient, it i^ the desire of both these t>-,tators that <ach shall be fully bind- 
ing, forceful and restrictive, aud shall be of the same ellect as if loth tliese 
married people had executed, ordained and bei|ueathcd it jointly. And they 
give notice that as their eldest son, Cas[)ar, has modestly requested that both 
the^e testating married people and each of their children (whom the living 

94 :\n:Moui.\i.s oi.- Tine Quis]';xi;i;Kk\' i-a.mily 

parents coidiully l'>ve) wouM permit thiit ho should ciitrr the Socictat Fratern- 
itatis, as he has roacliod tlie twentieth year of his age aiul is so far advancecl in 
judgment that it could he dnuo with the proper understanding, having heen 
prepared thereto; but tljeir said son is advised to wait. 

Experience showing that the will of none may be respected, therefore if any 
of tlic children of the testators shall fail in due obedience and respect, then 
shall the surviving parent have full power and authority to disinherit the dis- 
obedient and to give his, her or their share to the obedient ones ; and tliis is 
decreed jointly by both parents by virtue of this instrument. 

Seventldy ; it is the will and desire of both testators that the survivor of them 
shall liave full power and authority, in case of necessity, to talve 1000 thaller 
for his or her own special use and purposes i\m\ to expend the same according 
to his or her own will or pleasure, or to give or bequeath it according as he or 
she may please— neither of the testators doubting that the survivor of them 
will give the children every possible benefit and advantage ; and the survivor 
shall not be called to an accounting by any one concerning this money, nor be 
responsible to any one for it. 

Eighthly : the testators give to their daughter Entgiu in advance all her 
mother's clothing and jewelry, on account of her obedience and good behavior 
to them, and desire that after their death she shall share in all their property 
with the other children, share and share alike, if the surviving testator (as 
above provided) has not otherwise ordered. 

Ninthly and lastly : both parents have selected and appointed — the one the 
other, and the tlrst to die the survivor — as the executor of this their last will ; 
and the survivor promises the one first to die to execute and perform it; and 
they contract the one with the other, to fully perform and execute this their 
last will in every particular, as they have agreed. (Here follows a good deal of 
involved and complicated legal verbiage which does not appear either to mean 
or to express anything in particular.— Translator.) 

Done and performed in the city of Cologne, in the bedchamber of the testa- 
tors in their house situated under the Goldschmiddten, on the day and year 
aforesaid, before the devout, etc., Hermann tlier I/iin, liceidiate of law, and 
Hernninn vonu Affelen, who were specially summoned as witnesses. 

(Duly attested by Caspar .\ndree and Petrus a Fossa, Judges of the High 
Court of Cologne, and by Johann Krith, notary public, " by virtue of papal and 
imperial authority." The long and involved attestation is omitted. — Trans- 


(Dusseldorf State Archives : Wills of Cologne Citizens ; Lit: Q. No. 20.) 

In the name of the Holy Indivisible Trinity, of God the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, Amen. I, M.vr.(i.\i;KTnA Ql-kstenbeuos, make known, testify and 
aeknowletlge hereby openly, as God the Almiglity has called me in thrso my 
past years through his loving kindness and mercy to the Holy Order of the 
13rigittiuer, therefore I thank most gratf'f\diy his Divim- grace and pray him to 
grant me his further support in the e.veeation of that divini- estate, that I may 
so much the better continue the In^lv calling I have begun, and with less ditfi- 


culty aiul hiiulrauco of nil worldl)- tbouf^hts :ind actions: ami to my greater 
sanctity and bapi-iucis. Therefore, iu order tbut after the coiupletiou of my 
vows, or after my natural death, no misunderstanding, contest or error sliall 
fti-ise ou account of my worldly goods, I mean to make my last will in the fol- 
lowing manner : and do hereby and by virtue of this instrument as such usually 
or legally, uuucupative or in writing, can, sliall, or may be made best and most 
lasting; and inasmuch as the same may not be as I intended,— as testaments 
can be contested — it is. notwithstanding, my will that this instrument shall be 
in force, valid and permanent, as a codicil, or as a gift on account of death, or 
among the living: also a testimony of God's glory, and as an incentive for 
pious actions. 

And therefore, firstly, I revoke, cancel and annul those wills and testaments 
I made ou May 30, 1C23, March 4, 1630. and March 1, 1032. and especially do 
I hereby declare as of no force and efiect all and every of my former gifts, 
legacies and devises in so far as they are contrary to this my last will ; and I 
wish to have the following disposition accepted as my true last will. 

Secondly, I wish (upon my Christian seclusion) to give my soul to Almighty 
God my creator in the merits of my Kedeemer Jesus Christ, thro' the interces- 
sion of the most holy Virgin Mary, of the Holy 15riggitta. and of all tlie dear 
Saints and the Lord's chosen ones: and I leave my body here iu this Cloister 
to be returned to the earth from whence it came, according to the customs of 
the order. 

Thirdly, I give to the oiBciating Archbishop of Cologne a tvrnisch. and 
towards the erection of the high Cathedral here also a turiiiacli, or its value, 
and desire that the value thereof be paid them once for all ; further. I bequeath 
to the children (my dear nieces) of Mr. Caspar llahnians and his wife Gertrude 
Kannengiessers— namely, to Margareth 300 and to Elizabeth 200 Cologne daler, 
each valued at 52 albus : then I bequeath to my dear cousin Caspar and to my 
niece Catbarina Averdunck each I'OO reichs daller ; and besides this I bequeath 
to the licentiate Mr. Johann Falekenberg, four rose nobles. 

Item. To Mettelen von der Linden and wittiben Busehman 25 daler each at 
52 Cologne albus : to my dear cousin Otto von Furden and my niece Gertrude 
von Furden and wittiben Hardenraths I bequeath each 50 gold-gulden : to the 
Fathers of the Society of Jesus here in Cologne I bequeath 1,000 Cologne 
daler, each valued at 52 albus, to pray to God for me and for my dear old 
parents and for my brother ; to the Cloister in the Burghofl' at St. Nicholas I 
bequeath 500 Cologne daler to found therewith a weekly mass, and in the same 
to remember me, my ancestors and my relatives iu prayer, and also to illumi- 
nate the image of St. Anna there. To the church and pastor at St. Columbeu 
I bequeath 200 Cologue daler so that the oihciating pastor may enjoy its 
income or annual interest, and always take diligent care that the Que.stenbcrg 
mass there be kept up properly every Sunday and holy day during his ministry. 
To the Convent in the Thornissgasse I bequeath and leave 50? Cologne daler. 
and they shall thertfor at all times whenever necessary wash and clean all 
paramenia and x'iei:nk>tnu'a. ornaineiita belonging to the altar of St. Barbara at 
St. Columbeu. To the Augustine and Minueu Brothers here in Cologue 
(because I belong to the Brotherhood) I bequeath each 100 Cologne daler, and 
they sliall therefor remember me appropriately at all times iu their prayers. 

96 MKMORiAi.s OF TiiK oujsi:m5J';k Rv i-A:\rii,v 

which legacy my heieiiiuler .'ippoiiiU'd executor yhall \\i\ and di<charc;e withiu 
oue year after my decease, from the inhLviu-d proii'ity, rents and t'.ills left bv 
jne. j\Iy moveables and hors.s and cariiag.s I myself have ^dveu to and 
divided among my s2)iritnal and se.-ular fri'-nds and aequairitances : and that 
which remained I have given and donated of my own free will, irrt-vncably, to 
the Cloister Maria Sion. Above all 1 leave and brqufatli to the noble-born 
I.ord Hermann, Count von Qiiesteuberg, I,.-rd of Gro.-> Ko'.^chaw and Pomeisel 
aud Imj)eri)il Councillor of His I.ii|)frial ]^Iaje^ty, my dear cwu>,in and god- 
father, and to his gracious son, my godchild, my dwelling on the Hruggeu, 
together with the house next to it. of which one is called '■ In der Lilit-n " and 
the other "Maiufz," to have, hold and possess them in theu' own aud indis- 
putable right ; and I hereby ordain and conlirm what I have promised to my 
saiil godchild. 

Now, as the institution of the heir is the Uiain aud essential work of every 
testameutorial instrument, I therefore devise all my immoveable inheritance, 
goods, tolls and rents, situated within and without the city of Cologne, to my 
true and undoubted executor (for my moveables have already been given away. 
as above-mentioned), to-wit : the Cloister of Maria Sion in this city (wherein I 
hope to achieve by God's grace the salv-aion of my soul, and to end my life ; 
which I wish to liave named, placed and instituted, and hereby and by virtue 
of this instrument do name, place, aud institute the same as my executor, as in 
the best and most enduring manner it could, should or might be done, direct- 
ing aud commanding them withiu one year after my death (which may the 
merciful God in His kindness send me in his own good time) to execute the 
above-uanied legacies aud to transfer the inheritance specified as situated on 
the Kruggeu to my dear noble-born cousin aud godfather Lord Hermann, Count 
von Questeubergh aud his gracious son. my godchild. 

Sixthly, I hereby also will that my dear noble-born cousin and godfather. 
Lord Hermann, Count von Questeuberg, on account of the affection I bear 
him, reserve aud keep for himself my above-named inheritance, rents and tolls. 
to keep aud collect the same, and that His Grace shall liave power after my de- 
parture from this temporary life to have them transferred to himself from my 
aforementioned executor, the Cloister Maria Sion, so that His Grace may eujjy 
the said legacies fully, without any deduction falcedire trebellianic;e, or under 
whatever form it may be done, within the specified time. Aud I leave to the 
said Cloister Maria Sion (in memory of me aud my family) as its inheritance 
and property, my wine-garden situated in the Ortmansgasse, and also the income 
of the 1,000 gold-gulden which my dear deceased father loaned to the Burgo- 
master aud Council of the city of Cuh>_-ue in the year ir,',tO .- and also 3,000 
gold-gulden in gold, or its value, abs-lutely, without any deduction falcedi:u 
trebelianicaj, or under whatever form it may be done, to be paid in cash and so 
delared within half a year ait>-r my natural de.tth, and before the dose of the 
whole year to execute and pay fuily the above-named legacies and the 3.000 
gold-gulden to the Cloister Sion. and to liquidate the Kheinfeld claim and all 
other demands, burdens and debts: which Cloister is also to be paid outstand- 
ing house-rents, rents, tolls and incomes which may accrue during my life and 
also up to the time of my death, or may become due during the year after my 
death; and it is also to have and enjoy under satisfactory receijits the above- 


naincfl legacies and the p.aiil-over and receipted 3,000 gold-gukL-u inontioned 
above. Then His ( rrace shall also arrange a satisfactorj' reversion of tho annual 
rents due and assigned to the Cloister and also all other remaining rout-orders, 
letters, seals, sc/a-einfussAud other written doennients relating to my properties, 
goods and rents exclusive of the aforesaid loan of 1,000 gold-gulden to the 
present Burgomaster and Council and those that refer to the wine garden in tlic 
Ortmansgasse (which shall remain the inheritance and property of the aforesaid 
Cloister, besides the .3,000 gold-gulden). But should such execution and jiay- 
ment of thes'^ legacies and the 3,000 gold-gulden not take place before the 
expiration of the year, then the aforesaid Cloister Sion shall remain exclusively 
my instituted heir in all my aforesaid legacies, goods and rents, and the 
bequests devised to my dear noljle cousin and godfather. Lord Hermann, Count 
von Questeubergli, shall then be closed and terminated. And I further will 
and bequeath to the aforesaid Cloister Sion whatever property may come to me 
by the death of relatives or friends to have an heir's right as an inheritance and 
to hold, to sell or to transfer, as it may happen to please them. I have how- 
ever expressly reserved to myself in this instrument, and do hereby reserve by 
virtue of this my last will before notary, justices and witnesses, and also under 
my hand and signature, the right to change, to increase, to decrease, to totally 
annul and revoke this will and to substitute another in its place, and to order 
that anything I may add, or increase herein shall be l)iuding and in 
full force none the less than if it were embodied herein word for word. 

Finally, I have signed this my last will with my own hand, deliberately, and 
after due consideration, and have sealed it with the usual seal of my dear 
deceased noble father (which I have also used at all times and have kept as my 
own to please him^, and thereafter have sealed it with a ribbon, and also atHrmed 
it on the outside with my own hand and with my deceased and noble father's 
seal, all in the presence of the justices, notary and witnesses whom I have 
specially chosen and called for that purpose ; and I have acknowledged this 
instrument to them as my last will, after which 1 in order to keep it secret and 
private) it was legally signed in their presence (while they were looking on > 
inside and outside, and sealed and closed in the form of a nuncupative testa- 
ment or as a document, as a codicil, a devise by reason of death or other free 
contract among tiie living, as it may or might or could be done legally in the 
best form and according to custom, and also in accordance with sacred usages. 

Done in Cologne in the Cloister of St. Maria Sion, in the year of our dear 
Lord Jesus Christ lG3f3, Thursday, January 31st. 

[l. s.] Maegaketta von Questenbekgu. 

Brief on the Outai'de of (he Will. 

This is my, Mari^aretta vou Questenbergh's, last will, which I have declared 
and executed in this manner after full deliberation, this January 3Ist in the 
year 1G3G. Margeketta vox QrESXKNEKi'.GH. [l. s.] 

"WalramusBlanckeubergad hoc requisitus subscripsit et sigillnavit anno 1G3G, 
31 Januarij. [e. s.] 

.\rno!dus Calenius ad hoc requisitus subscripsit et subsignavit anno 1G3G, 
31 Januarij. [l. s.J 


At the ro-iuesl unci solicitation of tin" afove-^aid testatrix, Marf,'P.retlii von 
Questenbevgh, I, Uermannns llapponium, after Her Or^u'e had declared this 
to be her la-^t will, and signed it insid,. and also above witli her own hand, and 
also seal-d it with her father's seal instead of her own, together with the other 
hereinafter named witnesses, as an attestation of its anthentieity have signed 
it with my own hand and sealed with njy nsnal seal. Done this 31st January 
in the year 1G3C. [l. s.J 

Simil.irly have I. Ooaunos Rtaell sacellanns ecclesia, St. Juanuis j'.apt : 
lieentiat minimus, upon the rei^uest of the virgin testatrix, and in attestation 
and ^vituess of anthentieity, subscribed with my own hand and sealed with my 
usual seal. Also dune this 31 January, K,3G. [l. s.] 

(Autonius Huutum, Joannes Will, and Jan Brantthoff. made attestations 
simihir to Staell's : and so did Joannes Wickhovius, of Cologne, except that ho 
.sealed with the usual seal of the Joannes Will, on account of having 
none of his own. Joannes Yackel, tutor, also made a similar attestation, using 
tlie seal of Anthony Hontura.) 

In God's name, amen. Be it hereby known to all that in the year of our 
Lord Jesus Christ 1630, in the fourth indiction of the Komerzinzaal, but under 
the rule and government of the most illustrious, puissant and unconquerable 
Prince and Lord, Prince Ferdinand (of that name the other) by the grace of 
God chosen Koman Emperor at all times of several domains in Germany, of 
Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia and Siavonia, King and Grand Duke of 
Austria, Dtike of }5urgundy, Steyer, Carndt, Crain and "Wurtemberg, Count of 
Hapsburg, TyroU and Gortz ; in the reign of our most gracious Prince and 
Lord His Imperial Majesty of the FiOman Empire in the seventeenth, of the 
Hungarian in the eighteenth, of the Bohemian in the nineteenth year, ou 
Thursday, January 31, about the third hour after noon. I have summoned 
before myself in the above-mentioned Cloister Maria Sion, in the front room 
up stairs, the noble, much houored and virtuous virgin Margaretta von Ques- 
teuberg, a novice of the .Sacred Order of Saint Brigitta here in Cologne, souud 
in body, going and standing, and als.j of good intelligent speech, mind and 
reason, as may be easily seen an.l discerned : also the devout, highly-learned 
Herr Walramum Blanckenberg and Arnoldum Calenium, respectively doctor of 
law and licentiate, and Justices of the High Temporal Court here in Cologne, 
before me, Laurentium Mey, Imperial immatriculated notary public, and also 
the above-named witnesses, namely : Hermannus Happenium, Joannes Siaell, 
Aruoldns Hcmthum, Joannes Wickhovius, Joannes Will, Joannes Vackell and 
Joannes EraudthuiF, and upon their appearance I submitted this identical 
parchment and announct^l and declared expressly and in plain words that the 
instrument (and they ?o understanding it) was the dispositioti and institution 
of her last will, and had been signed on the inside with her own hand in the 
presence of us all and .tlsn sealed with the u-.nal seal of her deceased noble 
father instea<l of with her own, and aftt-rwards ti'-d with a red and white 
ribbon; and also attested on the mitsidc with her own signature and her 
noble father's seal; and thereafter the aforementioned justices and also the 
notary and witnesses were separately asked and requested by her to witness 
this act and to attest this the disposition of' her last will with their respective 
signatures and seals. Thereupon I, notary of the testatrix, above all was to 

IX GKKM.wv, )<:xr,r.Axi) Axn ami<;rica. 99 

prepare oue or more o])en iiistruinoiit or instnmieiits for tlie ft-i', ami to add 
especiall}' an attostation to this testament ; and tiu'u r.ot to deny nnr to refuse 
tliiR wish of tlie said virgin testatrix, tlie aforementioned jnstie'os and witnesses 
have acceded thereto, and iii)on re(juesfc have respectively eonfiruied and 
attested it with tlieir signatures as may be seen from what precedes, also their 
seals; all of which they soon afterwards acknowledged fully in the I'cst of all 
manners Itefore me, the notary, and the devout and respected Joannes Mey- 
jnitz, of Newkircheu, and Joannes Krieckel, of Walpenbcr^', who were 
separately called for that purpose and are rejjutatile witnesses : whereupon I, 
notary, after all and everything above-described had occurred as a continuous 
act, as related, prepared tlierefroin tlie ])resent public instrument (which, on 
account of other business, has beeu engrossed by my amanuensis) and have 
signed the same with my own hand, aud have also attested it with my own 
usual notarial seal as especially required for attestation aud witness of 
authenticity. Actum ut supra. [l. s.] 


(lloyal Archives, Dusseldorf; Wills of Cologue Citizens; Lit: Q. No. 18a.) 

In the name of the Most Holy Indivisible Trinity, Amen : Be it knowu to 
all who may see, read or hear this, that in the year lG4i') after the holy birth 
of our dear T/ord and Savior Jesus Christ, under the rule aud goverumeut of 
our Sovereign Prince and Lord, Lord Ferdinand, of this name the third, chosen 
lloman Emperor aud at all times ruler of several of the countries in Germany- 
Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, aud Crotia : and King of Slavouia, Grand Duke 
of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Steyer, Carueia, Grain aud Wurtemberg ; Count 
of Tyred and Hapsburg : in the I2th year of the reign of him, our most gracious 
Lord His Imperial Majesty of the Holy liouiau Empire, aud in the Holy Etn- 
pire's free city of Cologne, on Wednesday tlie ;>! of June, before the well-born, 
devout find highly-learned Sir Johaun Jacob Weyerstrass aud Jolian Michael 
Hermanui, doctors of the law, a'ld both Justices of the High Tempeual Court, 
to me Johanu Dietrich Clamlt, an immatriculated aud approved Notary by 
virtue of the power vested in the Pope aud Hia lloman Imperial Majesty, and 
further to those hereafter-named trustworthy and especially qualified witnesses, 
personally has come aud appeared Lord Constaxtine Fekdixanh, Count vou 
QuESTENBEiiG, begotteu sou of the noble Lord Hermann, Couut von Questeu- 
berg. Lord of Gross-Kolschaw, Pomeisel, Strogetitz. and Erdtberg, Court 
Councillor of His iioauin Ini[>ei-i«l Maje>ty, and his aho noble \\ife Elizabetha 
Constantia (born vou Lyskirchen)- -ami has verlially and clearly declarf-d aud 
said that he, by undoubted inspii-atiou of tlm Holy Ghost and the v/ill of Divine 
mercy, of his e)wn free will aud well-eon--idered intention, without any threats, 
force, fear, or any other persuasion (jr inducement, h is decided in his heart aud 
mind to lake the s|)iritual vows of the Cloister of the Discalceateu of the Order 
of St. Theresa, situated here in Cologne, aud has entered and closed, aiul taken 
the name of Frater Celeslinva a Jtsu Maria, aud as his year of probation is 
completed ami finished, he has finally resolved and concluded to accept this 
station forever, perform his profession, and serve .\liuighty God there ami in 

lOO MllMORlAl.S OK Tlf]': OU ISlvXl'.l'.Rin' FA:\IILY 

that Order (which may be a diviue honor to it and salvation and blessedness to 
his soulj all the days of his life. And further, that he, of his own free will and 
well-cousidered intention, had informed his dearest noble father and mother 
before this, and has received their cojiseut, with their wishes of ]")i\iue bless- 
ing ; and he also declared himself sound of body and mind, extra claufinram, 
of his pleasure, going, standing and speaking before this of his profession (by 
which he suffers a spiritual death with respect to the world and its possessions) 
yet he has a free will over that property which his honored parents have given 
him for his free disposition ; and further that he has resolved to give and dis- 
pose of it ; and he first of all declared himself to be of sound and free mind, 
and more than seven feet tall : that he dedicated his most valuable treasure, the 
soul entrusted to him, both now and at the time of its leaving his body, to the 
mercy of God, in order that He may give him in the Holy Order mercy and aid, 
and after death immeasurable bliss and happiness through the intervention of 
the most holy Virgin Mary, of the holy Father Joseph, and the holy Mother 
Theresa; but he ordered however that his body be interred according to the 
customs of the Holy Order. He desires that his much-beloved noble father and 
mother shall pray diligently' for him, the noble testator, and deposes that from 
true paternal love and affection Ihey desire to honor God Almighty and the 
Holy Order ; and that they have declared to him. their son, of their own free 
will and out of love to him, that besides the payment of both vestiments and 
the necessary costs of his profession they will also give and deliver to him in a 
lawful manner, once for all, the sum of 7,000 Cologne thaler, each valued at 52 

In consideration of this the noble testator made this further deposition : that 
he bequeaths a dwelling situated in Serineo S. Columbae descending from the 
Questeuberg family and called '• zum JIayntz," together vrith the rented house 
descended to him from his deceased maiden aunt Margaret von Questenberg, — 
to his noble father, reserving in every way the rental ; but certain dwellings 
(in addition to being encumbered with ten gold-gulden of perpetual ground- 
rent) were so old, dilapidated and decayed that he did not find it advisable to 
invest the Holy Order therewith ; and he therefore so requested and induced 
his dear parents that they resolved upon the acceptance of the property and 
perpetual ground rent, and to give therefore 3,000 thaler for the equal and free 
dis[)osition of the noble exponftis ; and as this resolution of his much honored 
parents (m ide out of love for him) shall become a special gratification to the 
Order, he therefore accepts it with great gratitude and with tilial obedience, 
not doubting but the most gracious God will repay the good deed and kindness 
in other ways to their benetit. 

^Vhile then the before-mentioned Lord Hermann, Count von Questenber':;, 
Lord of Gross-Kolsehaw, Pomeisel. Strogetitz and Erdtberg, Court Councillor 
of His Koman Imperial Majesty, together with his consort the noble Eliza- 
betha Coustantina, Countess von Questenburg ( born von Lyskirchen) before 
the aforementioned Justices of the Temporal Court, before me, Notary, and 
before the witnesses named at the eu<l, personally appeared, and of their i:)wn 
free will declared that they had bequeathed and undertaken by virtue of this 
instrument and will to substantially dispose in favor of their aforementioned 
sou, not only the sura amounting in all to 10,000 Cologne thaler, but also to 
pay the same according to his future oi-der. 


I?y virtue of this the vavionsly-inc-ntioned noble testator has closcil, anuulied 
and caucelled all aud every contract aud donatiou, huwever iianied or contrary iu 
any way to the intention of this his hi;=t will : and he does this h<-rchy, and by 
virtue of the same authorizes that there be givt-n to the presfut Lord Arch- 
bishop of Cologne, and the Lord Prince Elector of Cologne, as also for the pur- 
pose of aiding in the building of the high Cathedral here in Cologne, each a 
to)-ni.'<ch, or the proper value thereof, once for all. In accordance herewith he 
declared with well-considered mind, free will, aud by his own impulse, that the 
following disposition shall be made (deducting . . . aud the professional 
costs connected with the 10,000 Cologne thaler) namely : 1,000 shall be paid in 
cash aud given to the Convent here iu Cologne, as also for its disposition : 1,000 
to Prague; aud 1,000 to the holy nuns of the Discalocaten Order ht-re in the 
Schnurgasse ; these three places (here and at the aforementioned I'rague) to 
receive the sums iu cash, after ho has taken his linal vows. Further, the noble 
diaponenU directs for the erection of an Eriniitory in their convent situated in 
this free city of Cologne of the Holy Empire, 2,000 of the aforementioned 
thaler, so that they will be applied iu this matter without doubt, and to that 
end are to be i^aid before the end of the year. 

And thirdly it is the will of the noble testator that in the year 1040,1,000 
Cologne thaler, aud in the year 1650, 1,000 similar thaler, each time before the 
end of the years named, shall be paid— the one to the convent here, and the 
other to the Holy Discalceaten Xuus in the Schnurgasse for the building of their 
cloister: from which first 1,000 the Convent of the P. P. Discalceatorum here 
shall give to the convent of the same order at llegeuspurg 300 thaler for the 
liquidation of that indebtedness with which it is burdened by Marxen von Bey- 
weg, aud thereafter 500 reichs thaler to the convent of the same Order at Augs- 
parg for the purpose of satisfying Lord Kasper Acht aud Lady Gertrude Broel- 
mans heirs jivcetinsions : but with the conditiou that where the said iudebteil- 
ness amounts to a greater sum it shall be paid by them, and that the aforemen- 
tioned convent at Augspurg first be given 2o0 reichs thaler which have latelv 
been bequeathed to them (on April 7th)z'/( te-tnnitnth Fra : Clemeniii a Corona 
Spinta, of the present convents proj\fsi\ given for the benefit of thi- convent : 
otherwise, however, and in . . . only, 300 reichs thaler to be given for th^^ 
payment of the above-mentioned iudebteduess of the Convent of the P. P. 
Discalceatorum at Augspurg : and afterwards to the convent at Trient of the 
same Order 100 Cologne thaler: and to the Convent Eremi in Belgium, not far 
from the city of Xamur, 50 similar thaler. 

Fourthly, the noble testator wills that from the eighth 1.000 thaler the follow- 
ing legacies shall be executed by his much-beloved lady-mother at her first 
opportunity, and if possilde before the expiration of this year ; namely : to the 
highly venerable noble-born Lord Johaun Conradt vou Lyskircheu . . . : to 
his much-belrived noble uncle St. Cuuiberte of Cologne. 150 Cologne thaler as 
a remembrance; to the Arch-Brotherhood of the Holy Kosary among the Holy 
Dominicans, 150 thaler ; to the Fathers of the Brotherhood of the Society of 
the Auuuuciatiou of the Virgin Mary. 150 Cologne thaler: to the Brotherhood 
of the Holy Cross among the Capucius here, 150 Cologne thaler at c<i'<mm instil 
lute, and in so far as it is nut used for any ornamental purposes it shall be dis- 
po.sed according to the v/ill, desire, wishes and order of his much-beloved ladv- 

I02 :\rK:\i()uiA].s oi'^ tid-,':Ni!i-:RRV ]\\:\riLV 

laotlier. Ho iilso bequeaths to his niuch-boloved cousin tlio uoble-liorn Elizu- 
belli Coustautia von Lyskin/heij, and to his much-be!ovcil sister the noble-born 
niaidou Elizabeth Constantia, Countess von Qnesteuberg, each 75 Cologue thaler, 
for their free disjiD^al: and to tlic most venerable uoble-ljoru Nun, Margaretta 
von Lyskirehen, ]>resent Abbess of the Cloister of St. Aprum; and also to the 
devout noble-born Gertrude Trudt von Lyskirehen. novitiate at St. Gertrude's 
here: and tinally to his kinsman the right reverend P. Johanu Averdnnok, of 
the Society of Priests, — to each of the same ~)0 thaler in remembrance. And 
to his much-beloved cousin von Lyskirchin, the holy nun at St. Cecelia, 20 
thaler ; to the right reverend highly-learned Johanu Bolte. his former confessor, 
of the Society of the Priests of Jesus, IS; and to Johann Pingio, pastor in 
Leoheuich, in acknowledgement of his good . . . 20 of the aforesaid thaler, 
with the request that they procure therewith a glass window for the pastoral 
dwelling at Lechenich. 

Finally, the noble testator btiiueaths to the convent here the remaining2, 000 
thaler, which however shall not be paid to the beuetit of the convent here 
before the death of his dear parents, as the times offer abetter investment, and 
it might be their opportunity and good will to pay it earlier, and to lay the 
foundation of a Cloister either on the Pihine or the Moselstrohm ; and if such 
can be done . . . ; and liy virtue of the fundamental law of all testaments 
iustltntio heredh the noble testator institutes, names and orders (without force 
or pressure) the heirs to his certain, true, right and undoubted testament, also 
its executors, the noble-born Lord Hermann, Count von Questenberg, Lord of 
Gross-Kolschaw, Pomeisel, Slrogetitz and Erdtberg, Imperial Councillor of 
His Pioraau Imperial Majesty, and Countess Elizabetha Constantinn von Ques- 
tenberg (horn von Lyskirehen), his much beloved noble father and mother, and 
with them also the noble-born Lord Norbert Hermann, Count von Questenberg, 
and Lady Elizabetha Constantiua. Counters von Questenberg, his noble brother 
and sister, according to the disposition of all his estate real and personal, cases 
of inheritance, death and accident which might befal the noble testator now or 
later, quoqunqxie laodo. not to change it to succediren, but to manage and 
handle as it pleases them without the intervention or opposition of any one. 
And the frequently-mentioned noble testator, again and again thanking his 
highly-hon':ired dear parents for everything given him for his free use and dis- 
position. . . . 

(The balance of this will— about half a page— is obliterated and lost). 

(From Fahne's C"lor/ne, Julie and Berghi^^h Farniliot^ I, 34.". 'G.) 

QuESTENBEP.o.— A Cologne family which, remarkable as it is, rose in three 
generations from ordinary burghers to Baron, Count, Imperial Count, and 
Prince. The genealogy is as follows: 

I. B. von Questenberg. Children: \. Henricus, m. Cath. ; 2. Johes; 

3. Pnrtold, m. Margherifa von Blitterswich, 1171: 4. Goddert, m. Christina 



II. Bertold von Questenbeiy (3 iiliovc). Children: 1. ./''/^a/i, lu. Cliristiua 
von Aicli ; 2. Entgin. 

III. Jobau Questeiiberg (1 above). Children : 1. Ihrluhl, in ]."3'2 in. Mar- 
garettii von Kleppinak ; 2. Cunegimdis. iu 1542 ni. Peter von lleinibacli ; 

3. Margarefha; 4. Anna, in. Ale.xander von du Ehren. 

IV. JJertbold von Questcuberg (1 above). Children: 1. Everhard, niatricvr- 
lated 1544: 2. Gerhard, ni. Cathrina von Thirlaen : 3. Johan, died 15s7; 

4. Bartold, in. Anna von Kanuengeisou, and their daugliter died iu Cloister in 
Syou; 5. Caspar; 0. Christina, m. Otto vou Furde. 

V. Gerard vou Questenberg (2 above). Children: 1. (Jerarcl. ]>aron von 
Questenberg, Imperial Lord of the Exchecquer and Vice War Pre.-^ident, died 
IG-IG; m. Maria von Underholz : 2. Heriuan, Baron von Questenberg, Imperial 
Lord of the Exchecquer and Mini.ster to Ferdinaud III ; m. first. Polixena von 
Otten, no children; secondlj', Elizabeth Coustantina von Ly.skirchen, and of 
their four children Ferdinand Coustantiue. llobertus aud Herman Wenceslaus 
died unmarried, and Elizabeth Coustantina m. Guudacker. Prince of Uiedrich- 
stien. Imperial Confidential Couucillor and Chief Chamberlain; 3. Caspar, 
abbott of the Cloister StrahotI at Prague, Imperial Coufidential Councillor at 
Prague. A very learned man, whose biograjihy has l.ieen printed several times 
in Prague. 

VI. Barou Gerhard von Questenberg (1 above). Children: 1. Joh.n Antm, 
Earl and Lord vou Questeuberg, born Jan. 15. 1G33 : Imperial Lord of the 
Exchecquer, died Oct. 14, IGSG ; m. Maria Cathrina, Baroness von Stadler, 
born IGll, died 1G8G; 2. Franz: 3. Theresia. abbess in Porto Coll. at Vienna: 
4. Maria Constantiua, m. Johau Franz, Earl of Lamberg ; 5. Elizabeth Cathe- 
riua, m. Johan Jakob, Earl of Brandies. 

VII. Johan Anton, Earl and Lord von Q'lestenberg (1 above). Children : 
1. Johan Adam, Earl and Lord vou Questenberg, Barou of Peutschau. Gi^bborn, 
Pirton, Mies, Baron of Jaromeritz. I'ausciiitz, Jakoban, Kapoldeu and Sighanis- 
kircheu; born Feb. 23, 1678: Imperial C'.nirt Coiinrillnr, Confidential Council- 
lor and Lord of the Exchecquer, died iu 1752 : in. first, Maria AntoniM. Countess 
Truches von "SVallburg, Star and Order Lady, who died in 173G, aud by whom 
there were no children : second, iu 173S, Maria Antouia. Countess von Kauuitz- 
Ptietburg, Lady of the Star and Order, by whom he had two children — daughters 
— the eldest, Maria Carolina, born Nov. 4. 1742, m. Priesgolt, PJarl of Kufisteiu: 
and the youngest, who is not nameil. married and had two sous. 

And thus terminated this line of the f:imily of Questenberg. There was also 
a line in Silesia. 

Fahne also gives (I, 345 'G) an account of the coufirmatiou of the arms of 
Questenberg by the Cologne Senate: which confirmation appears to have br^en 
given in 1G7S on the application of that branch of the family that went to 
Austria, and it repeats almost in detail the genealogy given above. liaron Ger- 
hard von Questenberg (VI) went to Austria, probably soon after IGni), and 
founded the Austrian branch of the familv. 



Cologne, Sei)t. Id, ]S'J>>.--Iu tho inclo.snrc I seiul you : (1) A list of tlie ?iIS. 
and books exaniined for yon. (2) Ivegistcr pertniiiiiiLr to tlie hiRtory of the 
Questeuberg family from 1418 to 1515. (3) Copy of the coat of arms of the 
Cologne family of Questeuberg, from the ofSeial Wappeiibuch. (4) Copy of a 
very incomplete family tree from Fahue's Jihenish Familiis. 

From the register submitted it is seen that members of the family have lived 
in Bortefelde (near Brunswick), Danziz and Deventer, and with the HauEeatic 
business in London and Antwerp, as well as Cologne. 

Tillmaun Questenberg became a citizen of Cijlogue in 1-127. lie married 
Sybilla von Suehtelu. He was apparently born in Bortefelde, and lived in his 
younger years in London as a merchant of the Hanseatic League. He died in 
1445-'6. Bertold Questenberg, mentioned in London in 1132, seems to have 
been the brother of Tilmami, though there is no certain proof. It seems likely 
that the Cologne Senator Iteitold or Bertram (Bertrand) Questenberg, who is 
mentioned until 1181, and is first mentioned in 1142 (as a cloth merchant) and 
married Margareth in 1445, was Tilmann's son. 

Questenberg is, as you will see from the iuclosures, a very common German 
town name. A history of the township Questenberg, in the Harz, has been 
written by Karl Meyer. In Cologne the family died out before 1797. Do you 
know that the Austrian Councillor of War, von Questenberg, is a principal 
character in Schiller's Picolomiiii? 

Dr. Hermann Kku.ssen, 
City Archive Keeper. 

Cologne, Jan. 11, 1900. — The word Q'-H'sttn is uudoulttedly derived from the 
German word Quant, which means in English, crest, plume, tuft, tassell, etc. 
The family is of Saxon origin, most liktly, because the Brunswick town of 
Questenberg lies within the territory of the Saxon race. . . . The Questen- 
berg coat of arras I sent yrm is contained in the official Wappenbuch of Cologne, 
and is therefore authentic. ... In the Cologne City Museum there is a 
portrait of an old lady of the Questenberg family, painted in b552. It is most 
likely that of Cunegundis von Questenberg, who married Peter von Heimbach, 
the Burgomaster. The portrait is the work of tlie renowned artist Bartholo- 
maeus J3ruyu. . . . 

Dr. Hermann Keussen. 

From Ritter's Geographical and Statistical Dictionary : 

1. Q,uedenher[/. — A village in Prussia, district Mercelburg, township Sauger- 
hausen, 380 E., surrounded by very high, steep mountains. Near by are the 
ruins of Castle Questenberg. 

2. QucHtenberg. — A village in Saxony; di.strict, Dresden; Court-house, Meis- 
sen. 201 E. 

Cologne, Nov. 27, 1S09. — The current directories of the below-named cities 
have been .searched fc.r the n;ime Questeidjerg, but without succef--K, to wit : 
Aarhen, Alton, Augsburg, Berlin, l5orhuui, Bonn, Brunswick, Brtnjcu, lires- 


Ian, Brussells, Belgieii, CoM»'iiz. Cioft'Ll, Cnssell, Clieinnitz, Cbarlott. nhm-j,'. 
Danzig, Darmstaat, Dr. -aen. ])usseliiorf , Durtnniml, INst'ii, EsheNVt-ili.T, Frauk- 
foi-t-ou-the-Maiii, Gclsf-ukir.-lien, (iladhach, irainliui.,', Ihiiiover. I.seilolin, 
Koiiigsburg, KonstaiiZ, Leipsie, Madt-burL,', I^Iaiuz, Miilhfiiu-on-tlie-i;iiiue, 
Munstor iu We-^tjihalia. Munich, Neus.s, Ohcrliauseu, Osnabnu-k, Paris. Saar- 
bruckeu, llerkliiighauseu, Sdlingeu, Slettiu, Strasburg in Alsace, Stuttgart, 
Tries, Vienna, ami Weisbadeu. la the directory of Ilaraburg was found the 
name of the widowPiob: Quasteubeig, I. Oberaltenalice. 70. . . . The wills 
of the Cologne family of Questenberg are preserved in the Iloyal State Archives 
at Dusseldorf, tl\e superintendent of which you should address if yon wish 
copies of the wills. 

Dr. Hermann Keusskn. 

ViENN'A. Arsrr.iA-IIrNGAr.Y, July 3, 1899.— Iteplyiug to your courteous inquiry 
of the isth ultimo in rt-gurd Xo the addie-s of any one of the Questenberg family 
in Austria, I bog to iufurm you that the family was oriiiinally from Cologne, 
Germany, and that the la-t one of that name. Count Johanu Adam Questen- 
berg, died in the year 1752 without mahi issue. He conferred the use of his 
coat of arms, but not his title, by will, to Domenicus Andreas, Count of Kauuitz- 
Uictburg, and this act was ratified by tlie Empress Maria Theresa, of .\ustria, 
in 1701. 

Alve.sto p. IIogue, 
U. S. Consul-General. 



14-12, Au^'. 5. (Patent Koll, 20 lleniy VI, part 3, membrane 23a.) The King 
to Kobert Colege, our servant at arms: The merchants of the Hunse 
residing iu London have complained to Us that six packs of cloths 
belonging to Itobert Blitherswyk and Bertrand Qnesteuberg, merchants 
of the Hanse. also residing iu Londou. properly customed and crocket- 
ted, which the said llobert and Bertrand intended to convey to the 
town of Faversham by water, thence by land to Dover, and thence to 
Calais, have been taken away by certain armed malefactors, being in a 
boat belonging to the Earl of Shrewsbury, near the town of Queues- 
bnrgh, to the great damage of the said Eobert and Bertrand, who have 
begfjed Us to help them to recover their goods. Now We, considering 
the leagues and friendship which have existed between Us and Our 
progenitors and those of Germany, a nd willing to treat all the mer- 
chants of Germany in Our kingdom of England, and coming here, as 
Our friends and well wishers, command you to go to all the ports and 
coasts where said cloths might have come, and there to enquire in 
whose hands they have come, and to arrest thorie iu who-e hands they 
are found, until the said Eobert and Bertrand have proved those cloths 
to be theirs, and to put the thieves in prison until We shall give orders 
for their relea-^e. Witness: Ourself at Dcgmersfeld, 5 August, 1-412. 
(Mr. J. ^L Cowper, of Canterbury, writes f Sept. 1, 1899) : " That is a curious 

incident about Bertrand Questenberg, as the cloths would go from Faversham 

through Canterbury to Dover. The ' Quenesburgh ' mentioned is, of course, 


149G-150-1. Mr. J. :.L Cowper writes (April 2, 1899) : " I find in the old MS. (?ity 
records of Canterbury that Augustine Questyngbury, tailour, appears 
in 1490, when he paid xvj d. to be allowed to exercise his craft in the 
ward of Westgate, Canterbury. I have traced him under the forms of 
Questyngborough, Questyubury, Questynborow, Questyngbery, etc., 
until 1504, when he appears as Austyn Questyngbury. Generally his 
name appears among the -iutrantes to the ward, when be paid his 
annual fee. which was more often IG pence, but sometimes 12 pence. 
Sometimes he appears as owing one payment." 

1507. (Canterbury City Records.) John Questenbury became an apprentice 
to William Warlowe, whose trade is not given : nor is there any further 
mention of John Q. 

1510. Mr. Cowper writes (May 14, 1899): '"The Canterbury City Records 
.show that .\'igustinc Questyubury paid his yearly diu-s as ' tailour ' 
from 1491) to 1510, after which his name docs not appear again.'' 



1522-1525. (Canterbury City Kecoids.) 'Jlionias Quostynbery, Glasyer. is 
entered in the " Acconii)to of ye Eei-ytes r^'ceyvcd of diurse iutrantos," 
at CatitiT'riHny, paying in 152;i and 1521 \ij d., and in 1525 xvj d.; 
after wbicli there is nu further mention of him. 

15;]S~l5-43. (CanterV)ury City Kecords.) Hear}' Qnestyidiery, shoemaker, paid 
iij s. iiij d. nearly as an intrante from 1538 to 1543, in which year he 
became a freenian of the city of Canterbury. 

1513, Sept. 13. (City llecords of Canterbury.) Henry Que.-ilynbery, shoe- 
maker, admitted a freeman of Canterlmry and paid 13,,''4. 

1551, Aug. 2. (Canterbury City llecords.) " Itm : ree. of peter london for 
theurohnent of Marks (Marcus) Que.stenborow, his apprentice, ij s. j d." 

1551- 2. (Canterbury City llecords.) Wall' Ventyman enrolhid as the apprentice 
of Henvy Qucsteubury. 

1563, Oct. 17. (Kegisters of Leeds Parish, Kent.) Millicent Quessenberry, 
filias Heurici, baptized. 

15G1, April 2. (Canterbury City Records.) " Item: ye ij of April] and yere 
aforesaid Marks' Qwestenbery, off Canterbury, shoemaker, was admitted 
and sworn to ye lib'ties of this cittie, for ye whitche he p. nt. (paid 
not), be caws he was ye son of Harry Qwestynberry, who was a 
ffreemau before ye birthe of ye said Mks." f^^ Marcus.) [This shows 
that Marcus Q. was born before 1513, the year his father, Henry Q., 
was admitted a freeman). 

15G5, Nov. 14. (Kegisters of Leeds Parish, Kent.) Johannes Quessenberi, 
filius Ht-nrici, l.'aptized. 

1567-'8, Jan. 2. (Leeds registers.) Christoffer Quessenberry, tilius Henrici, 

1570, Aug. 20. (Leeds Itegisters). John Quessonl>orry, tilius Henrici, baptized. 

1573, April 26. (Leeds Kegisters). George Quessouberry, tilius Ht^nrici, 

1576, June 25. (Kegisters of All Saints' Church, Canterbury). Amye Questen- 

bury, baptized. (Parents' names not given). 

1570 '7, Feb. 19. (Leeds Kegisters). Richard Quessenberry, tilius Henrici, 

1577, Dec. 5. (Leeds Kegisters). Milicent Quessouberry, buried. 

1578, Nov. 15. (Leeds Kegisters). Jacobus (James) Quessonborry. filius 

Henrici, b:iptiz-d. 
15S1, Sept. 3. (Leeds Kegisters). Johannes Quessenberry, filius Ileiirici. 

1507, May 26. (Kegisters of All Saints, Canterbury). Marck Queshenbury 
was buried. 

16n3-'4, March 10. (Leeds llegisters). Mildred Quessouberry, uxor Henrici, 
sepultus fuit. 


I loS ^rI•:Mc>RIAI.s ok ttik onsi'.xiU'.RRV family 


; IC.Ol, May G. (Ijeeils Keijistorsl. Milclr.Hl Qnes^enbcry, filia J!icr>bi r.TanieB) 

I bapti/iitus fuit. 

';. IGOf). The cburcliwarclou's buoks of Leeds Taiisli, Kc-ut, show that Jlary 

1 Qucsteubery (as he si^^ued his luiuie) was one of tbu churchwardeus of 

i the parish in 1C05. 

• 1G05-'G, Jan. 5. (Leeds liegisteis). John Quessenberry, filius Jacobi (James) 

; baptized. 

i IGOG, April 2-1. (Canterbury Marriaye Licences). Edward Bowles, of Dover, 

i and Ann Quessenburrie, of Canterbury, licensed to marry. 

j IGOS, March IG. (Kegisters of Bromley Parish, Kent). Thomas, the son of 

j James Questenbury, was baptized. 

1G14, July 2. (Close Roll, 12 James I, part 3). Indenture made the 2d July, 
' 1C14, between Peter Ellis, of Sontufl.-ete, in the county of Kent, gent., 

on the cue part, and Henry Questenburie, son of John Questenburie, 
late of the City of Rochester, in the said county of Kent, deceased, on 
the other part, Witnesseih that the said Peter Ellis for and in consid- 
eration of £20 paid by the friends of the said Henry Questenburie, and 
' in consideration of divers costs and charges which Jane Johnson, now 

i wife of Robert Johnson, of Southileete. gent., natural mother of said 

Henry Questenburie, bestov.-ed upon Alice Ellis, mother of Peter Ellis, 
i being nearly 100 years of age -at her death, cherishing and keeping the 

i said Alice in the house of the said Jane unto the hour of her death, 

- and for divers other charges also bestowed upon the said Peter for his 

maintenance and keeping with the said Jane in all things necessary for 
the sustenance of his life many years imst, and so is mynded unto the 
', hour of his death; and also for that Alice, the now wife of the said 

i Peter, doth live apart from the said Peter and cannot be conformed 

in anj" due manner to live with him — Ilath given and granted, bargained 
; ■ and sold unto the said Henry Questenburie his heirs and assigns for- 

ever all that messuage or tenement called Rowsden, two barns, gar- 
■ dens, 20 acres of laud, 10 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture, 2 acres 

; of woodland, lying and being now or late in 12 severall parcells, con- 

: taining by estimation forty and two acres, more or less, with all and 

i singular their appurtenances whatsoever, lying and being in Marden. 

: in the county of Kent, iu the occupation of Edmond Ellis, of Otham, 

i Kent, gent. And also that messuage iu Maidstone, in Wick street, and 

all other uiessuages, lands. Arc, of Peter Ellis, situate within the 
county of Kent. (Note. — Marden is near Maidstone.) 

' 1G20, .\ug. 20. (Rochester Wills— Abstract). I, James Questenbury, of East 

Greenwich, in County Kent, yeoman. . . . My body to be btiried 
at the discretion of my executors. ... I bequeath all my lauds, 
' tenements, reut charges, annuities and hereditaments whatsoever lying 

: in Leeds in County Kent to John Questenburye, my eldest son, and 

: his heirs, he paying yeaily out <if the same to my sou Thoujas Questen- 

' bury for his life 30 shillings. If the said annuity be not paid it will be 

I lawful for the said Thomas to enter into the said premises and to dis- 


train, and to take RWfxy tlie distresses until the said money be paid. 
If luy snid son John die without issue t>f bis body, then the said lands, 
etc., shall lineally d.soend to the said Thomas Quest enbury. my 
youngest son. and his heirs; and for default I '^iwe the same to Mil- 
dred Questenbury. my dauyhter, and her heirs forever. I also ^dve the 
said Mildred one bras- pot and one brass chailer, which were my ^rraud- 
niother's. The residue of all my goods I give to Joau Questenbury, 
my wife, whom I make sole executrix. I entreat my friend, Henry 
Shorye, of East Greenwich, yeoman, to be overseer of this, my will. 
^Yitnesses: John Androes, Reginald Gleydell. (Proved 20 
October, 1620, by the relict). 

1C20, Sept. 10. (Registers of East Greenwich parish, Kent). James Questen- 
burie was buried. rXoiF,. — The parish clerk writes that this is the 
only entry of the name Q. on the East Greenwich parish registers.) 

1024, April 30. (Registers of All Saints, Canterbury). Anne Questenburye. 
widdowe, buryed. 

UV_M, May 19. (Marriage Licences, Bishop of London). .John Grifliu. of the 
Citv of Westminster, gentleman, widower, 60, and Joane Questonbury, 
40, widow of James Questonbury, licensed to be married at St. Peter's 
Paul's "Wharf, Loudon. 

1023, Dec. '). (Marriage Licences, Bishop of Loudon). Maurice Eady, gen- 
tleman, of St. Duustau's. West, bachelor, 22, and Anne Questonbury, 
of same, spinster. 21. licensed to be married at St. Faith'.s. 

lC!i6. (Feet of Fines, Kent, Trinity Term, 2 Charks I). Final a.,M-ecment 
made at Westminster on the Morrow of Holy Trinity, 2 Charles I. 
between Henry Questenbury and Henry Austiue, pltfs., and Andrew 
Evans and Margaret, his wife, and Walter Harflete, gent., and others, 
defts , concerning the Manor of Deaue Place with the appurtenances 
and 10 acres of land, 120 acres of pasture and GO acres of wood, in 
ileopham and Luddesdown, whereupon a plea of covenant was sum- 
moned in the said Court, and the said Andrew and Margaret, Waiter 
and the others acknowledged the said premises to be the right of the 
said Henry Questenbury as those which he and Henry Austine had of 
their gift, and the same remised to the said Henry Questenbury and 
Henry Austine. and to the heirs of the said Henry Questenbury f<n-- 
ever. And for this acknowledgement and line the said Henry Ques- 
tenbury and Henry .\ustine gave to the said Andrew and Margaret, 
Walter and others, £320 sterling. 
1G27. ilay. (Records in Maidstone Library). H. Questenbery, of Hoo (near 
Rochester), was witae.-s to a covenant bf'tweeii Sir Richard Leveson, 
of Lit.shuU, Salop. K. B., on the one part, and John Cold, g<'ntleman. 
Mayor of Roche-ter. on the other. 
102s, May 6. (Close Roll, 4 Charles I, part 3). Indenture made between 
Peter Maplesdeu, of Lydde, County Kent, gent., and Robert ilaples- 
den, of Lydde, gent., brother to Peter Maplesdeu, of the first part: 


Henry Gierke, of the Middle Temple, London, Esquire, and John 
Cdbhain the _voun>^'er, of Rochester, Kent, of the second }.;irt ; and 
ThoMa> llaniond, of llochester, and Henry Q>ust^>nl)ury, of Kochester. 
geul., of the third part fimcrrnin;,' a messnaL,"^ in the parishes of St. 
Nicholas, Kochester. au<l St. Mar-zaret, Kochester. [Note. — No 
further information in thi.s insirunK'ut about Henry Questenbury.J 

1628. (Feet of Fines, Kent. Trinity Term, 4 Charles I). Final aj^reement 
made at ^Vt•stminster in the Octaves of Holy Trinity, i Charles I, 
between Thomas Thatcher, pit., and John Questenbury, Thomas 
Questeubury. NVilliam Welch and Mildred, his wife, defts., coueern- 
iag 2 messuage^, 3 gardens and 3 acres of laud, with the appurte- 
nances, in Leeds, Kent. Whereupon a covenant was summoned in the 
said Court, and the said John and Thomas Questenbury and William 
and Mildred acknowledged the said premises to be the right of the 
said Thomas Thatcher, and the same remised to him and his heirs for- 
ever. For this acknowledgement and fine the said Thomas Thatcher 
gave to the said John and Thomas Questenbury, William and ^lildred, 
£-60 sterling. 

1G3S. Dec. 6. (Car.terbury Marriage Licences). Henry Questenbury, of Maid- 
stone, Kent, gentleman, surety on the marriage bond of Josiah Janes, 
and Ann Gilbert. 

1040, Oct. 20. (Chancery Bills and .\nswers. Charles I. Bundle Ql,No. 59). 
Henry Que.-tenbury, of ^laidstone. in County Kent, gentleman, com- 
plains that he became indebted to Ellis Ellis, of Otham, in said county, 
gentleman, in several sums of money, and entered into several bonds 
for the payment thereof, and that about August, 1G3-1, jdt. and the 
said Ellis came to an accounting touching the said money, which 
amounted to about i'20, and pltf's mother lieing entitled to several 
messuages in the City of Kochester. in County Kent, which were then 
unjustly kept from her, and she intending to take " course at lawe" 
for the recovery thereof, but being de:^titute of money to pay the costs 
thereof, and of friends to help her. interested the s;iid Ellis to help her 
therein, who agreed to accept a lease from her of the said messuages, 
60 that he might iu his own name bring au " ejecion tirme '' for the 
recovery thereof, provided that pit. became bound to him in the sum 
of £30 for his expenses therein. When this was done the said Ellis 
released to pilt. all the other bills, bonds, notes and reckonings which 
had been between them. When pit. had paid the said sum of £30 hj 
installments he asked the said Ellis to give him an acquittance, aud he 
said that when £5 more had been paid he would give up all the bonds 
to be cancelled. Then the said Ellis died aud his will was proved by 
his siiu, Henry Ellis, ^ent., to whom pit. offered the said £5 still owing, 
but he refused to believe that that was the only amount owing, declined 
to give U{) the bond to ite cancelled, and brought an action in Trinity 
term last against pit., etc., etc. 

1641, Oct. G. (Feet of Fines. Kent, H') Charles 1, Michaejnias). Final agree- 
ment made in the Octaves of St. Michael, in the IGth year of Charles, 


betweou Henry Questeiibury,, i>lt., und Peter KUis, defor. 
ciaut, of two inessnriges and two gardens with the apjmi tiuanoes. in 
Maidstone, concerning which a plea of warranty was made between 
them, that the said Peter gnuited to th.- said Henry the aforesaid 
tenements for forty years after the death of Jane Ellis, wife of the said 
Peter, the said Henry paying yearly tlie sura of 8 shillings; and for 
this acknowledgement the said Henry gives the said Peter £S0 sterling. 

lf'.41, Oct. 28. (Chancery Pills and Answers, Charles I. Bundle Q 1, No. 72). 
Henry Questenbury, of Maidstone, in County Kent, gentleman, com- 
plains that about eleven years ago one Robert Johnson burrowed of 
Robert ilatthews, then of Aylsford, in County Kent, gentleman. ClO ; 
and asked pit. to become bound with him in a bond for £20 for 
Matthews' security for the same. But when the said i'lO should have 
been paid to the said Matthews he suffered the said Johnson to keep 
it until he died, about 9 years ago. His estate was so small that the 
Baid A'lO could not be paid out of it. Pit. had paid £7 of the said flO 
when the said Matthews died, about three years ago, and was going 
to pay the rest in installments, as was agreed; but now Margaret, the 
widow and executrix of the said Matthews, confederating with Nicholas 
Snott, alias Snatt, who married her daughter, has commenced a suit 
against pit. upon the said bond of £20, etc., etc. 

1C43, Feb. 2. (Close Roll, 19 Charles I, part 8. No. r,). Indenture made the 
2d day of February, in the 19th vear of Charles, between Nicholas 
AYade. of Feversham, in County Kent, gent., and Henry Questenbury. 
of Maydston, in County Kent, gent. — Witnesseth : Whereas William 
Clarke, late of Leacham. County Kent, by deed dated 10th day of May, 
the 11th year of Elizabeth (1569) granted to John Wade, late of Hnl- 
lingbourne, County Kent, one annuity or yearly rent ehurge of 13 
shillings and 4-pence, derived from lands, etc.. in Leacham. devised to 
AVilliam Clarke by Thuiuas Clarke, and now the proiierty of Niehnjas 
■\Vade — the .-.aid Nicholas Wade, in consideration of the sum nf £10 
assigns to Henry Questenbury, his heirs and assigns forever, the said 
annuity or yearly rent charge. 

lC-14-5, Feb. 19. — (Prerogative Court of Canterbury (oO Rivers/). In t)ie 
name of God Amen I Henry Questenbury of Maidstou in the county of Ktut 
Gentleman beingo at this presente sicke in Body but of a disposeinge memorie 
(praysed be God) and not knoweiuge how soone it may please Allniighty Goii to 
take me out of this mortall life doe therefore for the tjuietinge of my minde and 
settlinge of the estate reall and personall wherewith it hath pleased the Lord to 
Blesse mee make au<l declare my last will and tt-stameut in maner and forme 
followeinge that is to say 

Ffirst I give and becpieath nnto my Daughters Sara (Questenbury and Mary 
Questenbury the summe of ftifty powndes a peece to be paid unto each of them 
respectively as they shall respectively atteine the age of eighteene yeares or 
upon the day of their respective marriages v.hich shall first hap])en. 


Item wlipreas my beloved wife Sara Questeabuiy is uow with cliiKl I doe give 
and devise to the said ehiUl if it shal be a male ehild all that Messuage and 
Laudes with the Apinirtenauccs scitnate and beingo lu the I'arish <>f St. Niehulas 
Atwoode in the Isle of Thauett in the said county of IvenL wliich I late iiur- 
chased of Thomas Taramore gent To have and to hould to the said child flf it 
shal be a male child as aforesaid; and to his heires forever. 

Item I give and bequeath unto the said child (if it shnl be a male child as 
aforesaid ; all that my Lease estate and tearme of yeares of and in all those 
Messuages with the Appurtenances scituate and beinge in the parish of Maid- 
stone aforesaid heretofore made and graunted unto me by Peter Ellis 

Item my minde will and meaninge is that if the child wherewith my said 
wife is now Euseint shftl be a female child That then such child soe beinu'e a 
female child ehal have the summe of fifty powndes which I here give and be- 
queath to the said cliild to be jjaid unto her at the ago of eighteeno yeares or 
upon the day of her marriage which shall first happen. And then and in such 
case my minde will and meaninge is and I doe hereby give full powt-r and Au- 
thority unto my Executors hereafter named or unto such of them as shall take 
upon them the execution of this my will to make sale of my said Messuage and 
Laudes with the Appurtenances iu the parish of St. Kicholas Atwood aforesaid, 
and of the said Lease before meucioned to the best value they can gett for the 
same, and the mouy to be raysed by Sale thereof to be equally divided between 
my said three daughters to whom I give the same over and besides the said 
Several! and respective summes of Ihfty powndes before expressed to be paid 
unto them respectively as the said IVifty powndes a peice shal be come due 
[and] payable unto them respectively as aforesaid 

Item I give and bequeath to my said wife Sara Questenbury the Leiise estate 
and residue of Tearme of yeares yet to come of aud in a certain Messuage with 
the Appurtenances lyeing at Tovell iu the parish of Maidstone aforesaid which 
came to me by marriage with my said wife 

Item I will yt All my plate beddiuge Lyningo Eookes and other goods and 
personall estate whatsoever not allready before bequeathed (;except my ware- 
inge Apparell lyuinge and wooleinge) shal be sould by my Exeeutors hereafter 
named or such of them as shall take upon himself the Execuciou of this my 
will aud the money to be raised by Sale thereof aud to be received of such 
Debts aud Moneys as shal be oweinge to mee at my Death my will and mean- 
inge is That after the said severall Summes of flifty powndes before mentioned 
to be given to my said Children respectively shal be fully raysed aud my Debts 
Legacies and fl'uuerall expeuces satisfyed aud payd shal be paid to my said wife 
Sara the better to enable her to bringe up my said children which I earnestly 
eutreate her to be carefull in aud for her lirther encouragement therein my will 
and desire is that my said Executors shall employ the said severall porcions be- 
fore given to my said children respectively to what protltt they safely can and 
the protitt to h«- mad-- tlit-r^by to pay to my said wife towards the education of 
my said ChiUh>-u And it my said wife shall be ddivereil of a >h\le Ciiild my 
will is that my said wife shall have .and take the KfuffS and protittes of my said 
Messuage aud Landes in St. Nicholas Atwo<>d aforesiud and of the said Messuage 
with the Appurtenances demised by the said Lease made by the said Peter 
Ellys as aforesaid towards the ediicatiou of the said child uutill he shall atteine 
the Age of Eighteene yeares if he shall so long live. 


Item I doe hereby declare my expresse will and meauiiif^e to be Tbnt if auv 
of my Daughters shall depart this life before the Sevcrall aud respective 
Legacies of ffifty powndrf shal be come [due] aud payable unto her or them 
that shall soe dye aceordinge to my miude aud meaninge before expressed that 
then the porciou or porcious of her or them soe dyeiuge slial be jiaid unto the 
survivors or survivor of them at such tyme or tymcs as the child or children 
soe dyeiug shoidd receive the same if shee or thej- had lived 

Item I give and bequeath unto my Loveinge ^lother Jane Johusonuc all my 
wareing apparell Lyuiuge aud Wooleinge and y some of ilive powndes of lawe- 
fuU mouey of England 

Aud of this my last will aud Testament I doe constitute and ordeine my 
Loveinge Cosine M"^ Thomas Turner aud my Loveinge Brother iu lawe M"" Maurice 
Eady to be the executors, to whom I give fforty shillinges a peece to buy each 
of them a ringe as a Testimony of my respect to them for their paiues to be 
taken hereiu (which I know canuott but be greate) Desireiug them to see this 
my will performed accordiuge to my true miude aud meaninge before 

In witness whereof I the said Henry Qnestenbury have to this my preseut 
last will and Testameut conteineing two sheetes of paper to each sheete thereof 
sett my baud and seale this nineteenth day of ffeln-unry in the twentieth yeare 
of the lleigne of our Soveraigne Lord King Charles Ac IG 11. 

L. s. Henry Questenbuet. 

Sealed subscribed published and declared by the above-uamed Henry 
Questenbury in the presence of Ki : Heade. Hen : Wriothesley. Proved March 
14. IGII [5] by Maurice Eady, Executor. 

165-1, May 3. (Registers of St. Dunstan's, Canterbury). Questenbery, sou of 
Thomas Simpson, was baptized. (A foot note says: "'The surname 
of Questynbury appears in the city records of Canterbury in the 15th 

16(12 -'3, Jan. 22. (Marriage Licences, Dean of Westminster, etc.) Nicholas 
Stonehouse, of Chatham, County Kent, gentleman, about 21, and Mary 
Questoubury, of Kochester, said county, spinster, about 20 : consent 
of her mother, Sara Questonbury, widow — at St. Margaret Pattens : 
All Hallows, Barking: or St. Dunstan's, East. 

1G63, June 2'J. (Chancery Bills atid Answers. Collins, before 1711. Bundle 
170, No. 100.) Que.'itenburi/ vs. Catleit : Thomas Questenbury, of the 
city of Canterbury, cordwaiuer, sou of James Questenbury, late of 
East Greenwich, County Kent, deceased, complains that whereas the 
said James Questenbury was in his lifetime seized iu his desmesne as 
of fee simple to him aud his heirs of divers lauds, hereditaments and 
tenements in Leeds, in Couuty Kent, and being so seized on or about 
the 12th day of August, 1620, made his will and thereby bequeathed 
all his lands, tenements, rents and hereditaments whatsover in Leeds 
to John Questenbury, his eldest son, and his heirs, he paying thereout 
yearly to pit. his (testator's) sou, Thomas (Questenbury, 30 shillings 


per annum. Tlie said James Questenbury died soon after making the 
said v,-ill : to-\vit. on or about the Ist day of October followim;:. 
leaving pit. an infant under age, to-wit, of the ago of 12 year^i. After- 
wards, pit. having nobody to take care of him, could not obtniii tlie 
payment of the said 30s a year, though he often asked for it, but was 
forced to seek his fortune and to go beyond the seas, where he rou- 
tiuued for many years, that is to say vmtil about 16oU. since which 
time he has often demanded the payment of the said rent charges 
from the tenants of the lands of said James Questenbury, and has 
taken distresses for the same ; but so it is tliat the cattle so distrained. 
by the contrivance and fraud of Thomas Catlett, gentleman, and 
Elizabeth his wife, and of other persons, being tenants of the said 
lands, were taken out of the pounds where they were impounded. 
And the said Thomas and Elizabeth have also caused the said original 
will to be embezzled, or have concealed the same from the pit. and 
give out in speeches that pit. has no right to the said rent charge, or 
that he has been paid all the arrears thereof, or that he has extinguished 
his right to the said rent charge and barred himself by a fine levied of 
the said lands, although they know to the contrary. As pit. is a very 
poor man this refusal to pay him the said money is very prejudicial to 
him. He therefore prays that a writ of subpa-na may be directed to 
the said Thomas Cattlet and Elizabeth his wife cotnraanding them to 
produce the said oiiginnl will of the said James Questenbury. 

1663, Oct. 6. The answers of Thomas Catlett, gent, and Eliz. his wife, 
to the bill of Thomas Questenbury, pit. : Defendants absolutely 
deny that they, either by taking advantage of plaintifl's minority, or 
of his being beyond the seas, have by combination with others 
endeavored to defraud pit., or that they have concealed the said 
original will and kept it from pit., but they confess that they have 
given out in speeches that pit. has no right or title to any such rent 
charge, as they were informed and advised by their counsel : for they 
have heard and hope to prove that the aforesaid John Questenbury, 
together with pit., about 4 Charles I. (162S) levied and acknowledged 
a tine of the said premises to Thomas Thatrher. late of Hollingborne, 
in County Kent, gent., deceased, father of the said deft., Elizabeth, 
and to his heirs, who by virtue thereof enjoyed the said premises for 
many years. About the year 1646 the said Thomas Thatcher, in cuu- 
sideratiou of a marriage between the said Elizabeth and Juhn Fletcher. 
her forijier husband, settled the said premises on the said John 
Fletcher for his life, with remainder to said Elizabeth and her heirs. 
The said John Fletcher died not long ago leaving i.ssue by the said 
Elizabeth, Thomas Fletclier, an infant of tender years, who is yet 
alive. Immediately after the death of the said John the said Eliz;^beth 
entered into the said premis-s and became thereof seized in her 
demesne as of fee tail general, and took the profits there. Not long 
afterwards she married the said Th.nnas Catle-tt, and they have 
together enjoyed the said premises until lately, when pit. has cause- 
lessly and vexati.)U.~ly molested them: and taking advantacje of the 


mislaying of tlie said origiuul deed of uses, hns now set on foot the 
said pretended rent charge whicli, as defts., we are infuriued is utterly 
extingui'-hed and destroyed by the said fine. 

IGGl, Oct. 18. (Chancery Depositions, Collins before 171 1, Bundle 106, No. 5.) 
Depositions taken at tlie house of John l^erry, being the sign of the 
Two Bells, in the parish of St. George in the city of Canterbury, on 
Tuesday, the I8th day of October, 16 Charles II. before Edward Eloye 
and others, by virtue of a commission out of the Court of Chancery 
directed to them, in a cause tliere depending between Thomas Questeu- 
bury, pit., and Thomas Catlett and Elizabeth, bis wife, defts. 

Francis Collins, of Canterbury, gent., aged 30 years and upwards, 
says that tlie writing now shown to him consisting of eleven sheets of 
paper, is a true copy of the will remaining in the llegistrar's otHce for 
the Diocese of Eochester, he having examined it with the original will, 
and found that they agree. 

John Sweetinge, of Canterbury, gent., aged about .50, says that he 
has known pit. for 12 years and more, and believes that lie is aged 
about 52 years, and that he was born in the parish of Bromley, in 
Kent; and that tlie paper now shown him is a true copy he has taken 
oat of the Churclibooke of Bromley containing the baptism of pit., 
for he examined the same with the said book, and found that they 
agreed. Witness has seen a messuage and about two acres of land 
which were reputed to be James Questeubu ry's (pit's father), lying in 
the parish of Leeds. This he knows because about two years ago he 
took a cow upon said land as distress for pit., but witness cannot tell 
the value of said premises. 

"William Oxburgh, of Canterbury, brazier, aged about 7'>, says he 
has known pit. for about 16 years. About 1 years ago pit. asked 
witness to go with hi'u to Leeds, in county Kent, and tliey being there 
with one Bcginald Carter, the said Reginald told them that he had 
nsed a house and about 2 acres of land in Leeds about 2 years before 
the death of James Questenbury, pit's father, and that he might have 
had the same of John Questenbury, pit's brother, for £24, but he 
refused because he thought the title was not good. Mr. Thatcher 
gave the said John Questenbury £26 for the same. 

(Chancery Bills and Orders, 1666, B Folio 103.) Th"ma^ Qiu^bii- 
burghs's. Thou, and KlimbeLh CatlcU, Wednesday, 11th Nov., IfUlij. 
(Michaelmas Term, 18 Charles II.) Upon the hearing and debating 
of the matter in question between the said parties this present day. 
for and touching a rent charge for which the pit. by his bilFse^ks 
relief, this court saw no cause to relieve the pit. in this court, but 
doth order that the pit's bill be clearly dismissed out uf this court, 
■without costs. 

1665, June 5. (Kegi.sters of St. Mary's Northgate, Canterbury). Joane 

Questenbury, buried. 

1666, June, 19. (Marriage Licences, Drau of Westminster, etc.). Praise 

Quessonbourow, of St. Sepulchre's, London, grocer and bachelor, 21 


aud upwards, and Mary Natt, of tlie same, sjiiii^ter, 21, with consent 
of ber mother, Hester Natt, widow — j^ranted Hcense to be married at 
Islington, Middlesex, or Christ Church, London. 

1C66, Oct. 1. (Canterbury Marriage LieencesV Thomas Questuubury, cord- 
waiuer, of St. Mary Nortbgate, Canterbury, surety ou the marriage 
bond of John Mercer and Brickendeu. 

1672, March 25. (Close EoU, 2o Charles II, Part 2t, No. 7). Sarah Questeu- 

bury, of the city of Canterbury, spinster, acknowledges to owe to 
Hartobello Gruuston, Master of the EoUs. the sum of £40, and iu 
default of payment charges her heirs and assigns to make the pay. 
ment out of her property. 

1G73, Feb. 1. (London Marriage Licences). Samuel Quissinburrowe, of St. 
Giles, Cripplegate. Loudon, bachelor, 23, and Mary Warner, of St. 
Michael Bassishawe. London, 2L Her parents dead. Alleged by 
Thomas Quissinborow, of St. Giles aforesaid, clerk, granted licence to 
marry at St. Giles aforesaid. 

1673, Se}>t. 4. (Itegisters of St. Giles. Cripplegate, Loudon). Samuel Quinseu- 

burrow and Mary Warner were married. 

1675, March 23. (Canterbury Marriage Licences). William Chandler, aged 26 
bachelor, of St. Alphege, Canterbury, smith, and Mildred Quessenbury 
aged 20, of Deal, spinster (whose father consents)— licenced to be mar- 
ried at Starry. Henry Hales, gentleman, bondsman. 

1678, Aug. 25. (Registers of St. Mary Xorthgate, Canterbury). Alice Quessen 
bury, buried. 

1681, Aug. 3. (Becord of the Grocers' Company, London\ Praise Quessen- 
borow, Sonne of Samuel Quesseuborow, admitted by Patriniuny, and 
sworn. OS. 4d. 

1689, Oct. 8. (Begi-ters of St. Mary Nortbgate. Canterbury). Thomas Gibbins 
and Elizabeth Quessenbnry, married. 


Prof. W. W. Skeat, of Cambridge UuivHrsity, England, writes (July 3, 1899): 
"In reply to your question I can only say that I havt- no means of arriving at 
certainty. But I am strongly of opinion thai the derivation of Quisenberrv 
from Questenbury. and of both these from Questeuberg, is e.xtremely probable. 
And, on the other hand, it is not likely that Kyssjugbury is the same name. It 
is much more probable that this latter is of native origin, and that the prefix 
Kyssing is identical with Kessiug —as it occurs in Ke.s&inglaud, the name of a 
village in the county of Suffolk, England." 

Mr. J. M. Cowper, of Canterbury, writes (Sept. 1, 1809): "I nin glad you 
have Prof. Skeats' opinion. His authority in such matters is practically 
supreme iu England, and you can not do better than aecei)t what he says." 


KfV. A. P. Morris, Yiear of Leeds, Kent, writes (Jau. 12, 1S',»'.)J: '• 'J'lie geiill<'. 
inau at the British Museum who is trau.-.eribiiig the old TiL-gister of this parish, 
hns, at my rennest, picked out all the Quiseiiberry entries, aud I send you liis 
list. 1 have no dnul.t his remarks are correet." 

Mr. J. H. Jeayes, of the British Museum, writes to Mr. Morris (Jan. 4, IS'.IO): 
"I have taken out the eutries relating to the Quessenberry family. You will 
see that there was only one family, viz: Henry aud ^Mildred, who had eight 
children. Of these, one, Mildred, died : aud another, ' Jacobus,' (James) mar- 
ried, though not at Leeds, and had two ehildren born at Leeds — Mildred and 
John. I am surprised at there being no entry of birth, marriage or death in 
this name after IGOG. List herewith.'' (Note. — See ante. ) 

Mr. J. M. Cowper writes TMay 24, IS'.iO^: "About the several John Q's on the 
Leeds Kegisters. 'J'his has often ])uzzled jieople. I have referred to the matter 
in one of my bocks, aud have clearly shown that occasionally a father would 
wish to jierpetunte some favourite Christian name, as life was uncertain. So 
Henry Q., like others, christened two or three Johns, hoping thus to save at 
least one. Jf they all lived they were known as Johu the 1st. John the 2d, etc. 
The matter has been referred to in Xotes and Queries."' 

Mr. Cowper also wrote (April 23. ISi'O^ "I have copied for you the entries 
of the Leeds Begisters from the Bishop's transcript, preserved in Canterbury, 
viz : 

" Oct. 17, 1563, Milisant Yestonbery, d. of Henry Yestonbery, baptized. 
(This is a curious variant of Questeuhury— but there it is.) 

Jan. IS, lofiS. Christopherus Questeubery, filius Heurici Qaestenberye, bap- 

April 2G, 1573. was christened George Questenbury. 

(Day lost) 1578, James Questenberry, baptized. 

Sept. 3 (or 7), 1581, Johu Quessenberry. baptized. 

May 0. IGOi, Mildred Ques-onberry, hlia Jacobi, baptized. 

March 11', 1G03, Mildred Quessonberry, uxor Heurici, buried. 

Jan. 5, lGi>r>. Johu Quessonberry, tilia Jacobi, baptized. 

These are all the Q. eutries I have found in the Leeds transcripts up to IGIO, 
aud they do not tally with those on the original Eegisters. In addition I have 
found Hary Questenbery's signature as Churchwardeu at Leeds in 1G05. As 
this will interest you I send a tracing of it. . . . The scarcity of Q. wills 
is remarkable. Clearly the Q's were men of some importance. Henry Q's will 
was witnessed bj* llichard Head, who was afterwards made a ]5arouet ; aud the 
other witness. Henry "Wriothesley. was a ' gentleman' of Kent." 

Rev. F. JL Millard, rector of Otham, Kent, writes (Nov. ID, ISOS^ : " I have 
looked through our registers with some care down to 1700. without finding any 
name at all resembling yours." 

Kev. P. F. Wigan, vicar of Thurnham, Kent, writes (Dec. 18, 1898) : " 1 have 
searched the parish registers of Thurnham up to 1C51, and yotir name does uut 
appear in any of its forms." 

Bev. Jolui Scarth. vicar of Bcarsted. Kent, writes (Jan. 4. 1800) : •' The regis- 
ters of this parish do not disclose any entries in your name or of any names 
like it." 

ii8 .Mi;.MOU]Ai.s oi- 'riii': oi.'isi':xr>i:RRv kamii.v 

Miss Phillis Castlenian Br<-.wn, of, Kent, writes (April 20, 1809) : " Mr. 
Southey, rector of the ueifjlilioriug p:irisli of Holliiig))ourne. says he hiishxjked 
all through tlie registers, and eoukl not lind your name, or any narao like it, 
among them." 

Mr. Coruwallas P. Wykeham-Martin, of Leeds Castle, Kent, writes (Dec. 8, 
1898): " 1 have looked through all the old papers we ha-\e here, and am sorry 
to say I cannot And any mention of the Que.ssonbury family nor of any name 
like it." 

Kev. H. M. McDonald, rector of St. Nicholas, Eochester, Kent, writes (Dec. 
30, 1898) : " Having searched our registers to 1G72, 1 regret to inform you I can 
find no entries relating to your ancestors." 

Rev. A. J. W. Thorndike, vicar of St. Margaret's, Rochester, Kent, writes 
(June 10, 1899): " Our registers do not begin until 169-1, and I have made a 
careful search from tliat date to 1849, but your name does not occur, nor any 
name like it."' 

Rev. Percy G. Benson, vicar of Hoo, Kent, writes (Jan. 27, 1899) : ''No such 
name as youi's, nor any name like it, is to be found in the registers of this parish, 
which only go back to 1640." 

Mr. H. S. Kei-ilal. parish clerk of the old parish chtirch at Greenwich, Kent, 
writes (Feb. 8, 1809) : " Our registers go back to 1615, the earlier ones having 
been destroyed by lire. There is no record whatever of your name, with the 
, exception of the burial of James Questenbarie on Sept. 16, 1620." 

Rev. E. W. Bartlett, vicar of Queenborough, Kent, writes (Dec. 12, 1898): 
" Our registers date from 1719, the older ones having been lost in a lire. I do 
not think that Quiseuberry is a Kentish name, or that it could be a moditica- 
tiou of the name of this parish." 

Rev. F. R. Alfree, vicar of St. Nicholas-at-Wade, Isle of Thauet, Kent, writes 
(March 7, 1899): "The registers of this parish do not date further back than 
1653, and I can find no entry in the name of Questenbury, nor auj' name a{)proxi- 
mating it, in any subsequent year." 

Mr. J. J. Strange, parish clerk of St. Duustan's, West, Jjondon, writes (March 
3, 1899) : "I have searched the registers of this parish from 1596, but the name 
of Questenbury di>es not appear in any of them." 

Mr. 11. Maplelou Chapman, probate registrar, Canterbury, writes (Nov. 26, 
1898): "The calendars of botli the Archidiaeonal and Consistorial Courts of 
Canterbury have lieen searched, but there is no record of any will in the name 
of Quessonbury, nor of any will that couhl presumably be of the same family. 
The Consistory Court dates from 1 396, and the Archdeaconry from 1-149. Search 
was made from these tiates to 1857 in both cases." 

Mr. George H. Yapp, iieadlo of the Grocers' Company, London (Jan. 
5, 1899). sends an extract from the company's books showing that "Praise 
Quessenborow, sunue of Samuel Quessenborow, was admitted by Patrimony 
and sworn the ;jd day of .August, 1681;" and he writes: "As Praise Quessen- 
borow was admitted to the freedom iiy patrimony, it may be taken for grunted 


tbat his father, Samuel, was also a freeman. The company's records are not 
indexed, and it takes a long time to trace members of the company." (Notk. — 
Nothing like a cni^plete srarch of thesf records was made, though it v/as prom- 
ised and paid for.) 

Mr. Cowper, of Cauterhury, searched the registers of the Cathedral, of all the 
churches in Canterbury, of the Cathedral at llochester, of the church at Deal, 
etc., as well as the city records of Canterbury from 1396. 



1280, 10 Kal. Januarj'. (From Letters of Brother John Peeklifim, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Tustitutions of Vicars, etc.)- '' Brother John Peckham. 
Archbishop of Canterbury, at Buxton, Norwich diocese, instituted 
Kicoks de Ky.ssingbir' Vicar of Tilmanstoue Church. [Hasted's his- 
tory of Kent says that Buxton is situated in the parish of Barham, 
Kinghamford Hundred, Kent, about six miles from Canterbury. Also 
that the parish and church of Tilmaustone lies in Eastry Hundred, 
Kent, about eight miles from Canterbury. He does not name the 
Vicars of this Church prior to 1500]. Vol. XX. Archa-ologia Cantiana. 
page 104, in an article headed 'Forty-five Vicars of Tilmaustone,' 
gives as the second on the list ' N. de Kissingbir', instituted 23 
December, 12S0." 

1284, 8 ides of July. (Peckham's Letters). At Chevniug Nic. de Kyssiugebyr' 
to Sundresse Vicarage ; presented by Thomas de Cruce, rector. (Has- 
ted says that the parish of Sundresse, as it is called in Domesday 
Book, (but otherwise called Sundrish, Suudridge, etc.), lies in Cods- 
heath Hundred, Kent, adjoining the parish of Chevening. He does 
not name the vicars of this church prior to 1320.] 

13G1, July 20. (Calendar of "Wills, Court of Hustings, Loudon). Will of Kich- 
ard de Kislingbury, draper, of London : To be buried at the Church 
of St. Mary le Bow, near the tomb of his wife, Mary. Bequests to the 
churches of St. Thomas de Aeon and St. Paul, the rector of Holy Trin- 
ity the Less, the work of London bridge, holy orders, etc. He also 
wills that the whole of the wool he bought at Berkyng, viz : 19 Sar- 
pelar, be distributed among the poor, viz : To each poor person one 
fleece. To Alice his wife a moiety of all his moveable goods by way of 
dower, and the residue of the term of services of his apprentices. 
Makes provision for chantries in the churches of St. Thomas and St. 
Mary aforesaid out of rents of tenements in the parishes of St. Mary, 
Holy Trinity the Less and St. Botolph without Aldgate. Also, to his 
wife Alice his leasehold interest in the manor of Berwyk and Cardenz, 
County Essex, for life, etc. 

[Richard de Kislingbury, draper, was Mayor of Loudon in the year 

1.".67, Nov. IS. (Canterbury City Becords). "' Md. yt John Swyusbery off ye 
cittie off Canterbury, Hackueyma', was admitted and sworn to ye 
Lib'ties of ye cittie of Canterbury ye xviij'' of Now'br anno X' 
Elizabeth Regiue. for ye which he paid xxs." 


ISB'.t, Marshfill's ^'isitatiou of Notlingliam meiitious Cecil de Quene.sbiup;li in a 
l)odiu;ioe of the Bellers family. 

1570, (Ktf;istciT, of St. Paul'.^ Cathedral, Cauterbury). .Julin Swinsburic and 
Joan Hall, Wydo, were married. 

1640, Xov. IG. (rrorogative Court of Canterbury, 4 Fines. Abstracts of Wills). 
Anne Kislint^burie, of Emondton, in County, widow. 
Bequt^^ts to sons Ricliard, John, Edward, and Perne Kislingbury. 
Her brother. Ilex. Andrew Perne, and John Cornish to be sui^ervisors. 
Witne.sses: Wm. Dibble, Margaret Mouuslowe. 

ir.5.3, Sept. 30. (Prerog. Ct. Cant.; 30 Aylett. Abst. of Wills). Wm. Whitteu- 
bery, of the parish of Ealgate (London ?); bequests to daughter 
Elizabeth, wife Elizabeth, and brother, Tlios. Whittenbury. WitneRses : 
Moses Beymon. John Floyd. 

IGCr,, Oct 11. (Prerog. Ct. Cant.: 130 Hyde). John Kizlingberry, of St. 
Clements, Danes. London. (Nuncupative). Bequests to brothers 
Richard and Edward, wife Ann, and daughter .\nn. Witnesses: 
Kich'd Beverly, John Collins. 

1670, June 20. Will of Gilbert Walden, vicar of Eagington, iu the County of 
Warwick, clerk. Inventory signed by Nathaniel Gilbert and Jolm 

169.3, June 3. (C'lusistory Court of Eochester). Letters of administration 
granted ^L\ry Quinborrow, widow of John Quiuborrow, late of 
Kochester, who died iu the rcjyal ship called the New Chester. 

1732, July 8. (Piegisters of Kirk Ella, Yorkshire). John Beest and Margrit 
Queenslieary married. 

1738, June 4. (Eegisters of St. James, Clf^rkenwell, London). Deborah 
Queenbury was buried in Wood's Close. 

1742, Oct. 3L (Same). John Queeuburough, infant, buried in Goswell street. 
174G, April 13. (Eegisters of St. George's Chapel, Mayfair. London). Mr. 

James Sinclair and Mrs Anne Quenlingborough were married. (Qy: 

is this a misprint of Quen.fingbofough P) 

1824, July 24. (Eegisters of St. George's, Hanover Square, London). Samuel 
Taylor Queneborough. bachelor, and Catherine Linyard, spinster, of St. 
Andrews, in the Borough of Plymouth, were married. 

1833, April 11. (Same). Harriet Queeusberry and E. Queensberry are named 
as witnesses to a marriage. 

Ml'.MORIAT.S or TIIK Ol'ISl'.Xl'.l'KRV 1"A^[II,V 



(EnoycloiiiBclia Biitaniiica;: The foreign merchant had no sliare iu the law 
of the land where he sojourned; he lironght with him his own law, and 
administered it as best he could. . . . The state of trade frequently required 
a long stay, and sometimes a depositmg of goods among strangers. This led in 
time to tlie acquisition of common possessions abroad, lodgings, storehouses, 
etc. This common depot or " factory" becime the central point of the Union 
or Hansa formed by the merchants. . . . The most imjiortant German 
mercantile settlements were founded in Wisby, Loudon, Novgorod and Bruges. 
In the German colony in London the majority of the members were 
merely passing traders, who remained citizens of their native towns. 
In the reign of Edgar (951)-975, A. D.;, we iiud •' the people of the Emperor" 
occupying a prominent position in Loudon trade, and joined in a lasting league. 
The members of this league came mostly from Cologne, the tirst German town 
which gained great importance, both at home and abroad. Its citizens possessed 
at an early date a guildhall of their own in London, and all Germans who 
wished to trade with England had to join their guild. ... In 1260 a 
charter of Henry III assured protection to all German merchants. A few years 
later Hamburg and Lubeck were allowed to form their own guilds. The Hansa 
of Cologne, which had long been the only guild, now sinks to the position of a 
branch Hansa. . . . Over all the branch Hansas arose the -'Hansa 
Alamauuiie," tirst mentioned iu 1*282. ... In Elizabeth's reign the 
Hause merchants in London lost the privileges which they had held since the 
time of Henry HI, 121G, A. D.) 

(Northouck's History of Loudon): Proclamation was made in London, A. D. 
1220, strictly enjoining all foreigners whatsoever, merchants excepted, to 
depart the kingdom by Michaelmas following. Xt the same time the citizens 
of Cologne, who were merchants and members of the HausHutic league iu 
London, paid the King 30 marks to have the seizin or possession of their guild- 
hall in the city, which stood where nov/ the Stillyard is, in Thames street. 
... In 1259, Henry III, at the desire of the King of the Romans, confirmed 
the privileges of the German or Hanseatic merchants. 

(Pennant's History of London): The Stoel-Yard was a most noted quay for the 
landing of all kinds of goods imported by the Easterliugs or Germans. Here 
they had their guildhall. They were our masters in the art of commerce, and 
settled here before even the eleventh century. Eor we tind them here in the 
time of King Ethelred, in the year 979, at least; for tlio Emperor's men— that 
is, the Germans of the Steel-Yard, coming with their ships— were accounted 


worthy of gootl laws. They were not to forestiill tlio niarkct from the hvirghers 
of Loiuloii ; anil to pay toll at Chiistiuas two grey cloths and one brown one, 
with ten ponuds of pejiper, tiv« pair of rIovcs and two vessels of vinei^'ar ; and 
as many at Easter. The name of this wharf is not taken from ^^v^ the metal, 
which was only a single article of their trade, Imt from sUtd-hojf, contracted 
from dapel-hoff, or the general house of trade of the German nation. The 
powerful league of the Hanse towns and the great profits we made of their 
trade (for they were for a long season the great importers of this Kingdom) pro- 
cured for them great privileges. They had an alderman of London for their 
judge in case of disputes ; and they were to be free of all subsidies to tiie 
King or his heirs, saving their ancient prizes. In return for these distin- 
guished favours they were to ke'op in repair the gate called Bishop gate. . . . 
As they decreased in strength and we grew more powerful and more politic, we 
began to abridge their privileges. "We found that this potent company, by 
their weight, interfered with the interest of the natives, and dampened their 
spirit of trade. After several revocations and renewals of the charter, the 
Hanse, in 1597, was shut up by our wise and patriotic Queen, and the German 
inhabitants expelled the Kingdom. 

(Vol. 3, Publications of the London and Middlesex Archaiological Society. 
Article by John PZdward Trice, page CG;. The site of the old steelyard (which 
building was destroyed in the great fire, 1GG6) was on the South side of Thames 
street, between Dowgate dock and All Hallows Clmrch. . . . During a long 
period the place was both the center of London's trade and the scene of a 
complete monopoly of British commerce by the merchants of the Hanseatic 
League. It consisted of various traders from a number of continental towns, 
who carried on a large business in exporting their manufactures to London in 
exchange for hides, wool, tin, lead, and other products of British industry. 
. . . The customs of this society of merchants were somewhat curious. The 
members were never allowed to sleep away from the steelyard, or to keep a 
housekeeper : and if any individual was discovered to have married an English- 
woman, he was forthwith excommuuicated. and lost his house. As in modern 
companies, a board of directors transacted the general business, and amongst 
them a kind of freemxsoury existed, obliging them not to divulge any of their 
commercial transactions with the citizens. This assembly comprised repre- 
sentatives from the continental towns, who met every week on Wednesday 
evening. . . . (The steelyard consisted of the dwellings and warehouses of 
the Hansa merchants, and also of their guild-hall, called by the Londoners 
" the Dutch Guildhall." The site of the steelyard remained in ihe ownership 
of the Hanseatic League until 18.57, when they sold it). . . . Elizabeth ordered 
the Hanse traders to leave her dominions by the ^.jtli of January, ir)98-'.>. . . . 
lu spite of this, many remained behind : and, merging into general tr;ule, 
endeavoured to retain as many of their ancient privileges as the change of time 
would permit. 

(Larned's History for Keady Reference, etc.). The merchants of the 
towns, or Hansard's, as they were commonly termed, were established in Lon- 

12-^ MiniOKIAI.S ()}• Tin-: OnSKXBKRRV FAMILY 

don'at a very early period, and their fiictm-y here was of considerable uingiii- 
tude and importauce. They enjoyed various privileL;e.s and immunities : they 
were permitted to govern themselvesjby their own la\v« and regultitions. and 
the duties on various sorts of imported commodities were considerably reduced 
in their favour. These privileges necessarily excited the ill-will and animosity 
of the English merchants. ... In 1-17-1 the King assigned to them in 
absolute property a large space of ground, with the buildings upon it, in 
Thames street, denominated the Steel-Yard, whence the Hanse merchants have 
cotnntonly been denominated the Association of the Steel-Yard. . . . The 
different individuals belonging to the factory in Loudon lived together at a 
common table, and were enjoined to observe the strictest celibacy. 

(Encyclopivdia Britannica). Steelyard. Merclinnts of the — were Hanse mer- 
chants who settled in London in 1l'.50, at the Steelyard, on the river side, near 
Cosin Lane, now Iron ^Vharf Bridge. Henry III, in 1259. at the request of his 
brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall, conferred on them important privileges, 
which were renewed and confirmed by Edward I. It was chietly throucjh their 
enterprise that the eiirly trade of London was developed : and they continued 
to flourish till, on the complaint of the Merchant Adventurers in the reign of 
Edward VI, they were deprived of their privileges. Though Hamburg and 
Lubeck sent embassadors to intercede for them, they wcre not re-instated in 
their monopolies, but they succeeded in maintaining a foothold in L^rdon till 
expelled by Elizabeth in lo97. Their beautiful guild-hall in Thames street, 
described bv Stow, was made a naval storehouse. 

(^Vebster'6 Dictionary \ Sterling.— Yrom Ea^terling, once the popular name 
of German traders in England, whose money was of the purest qualitv. '■ In 
the time of King Bichard I (1189-1199) mnnie coined in the east parts of Ger- 
manic began to be of especiall request in England for the puritie thereof, and 
was called EaUerling monie, as all the inhabitants of those parts were called 
' Easterlings : ' and, shortly after, some of that countrie, skillful in mint 
matters and allaics, were sent for into this re.'.Ime to bring the coins to perfec- 
tion, which since that time was called of them Hterling for Easterling.'' — 



]\Ii-. Aithui- Oiiisenberry, of Ivincoln, Illinois, writes (vScpt. 
3, 1900): 

"There is an error in yonr former book that I wish to 
correct. On page 45 yon say ' There is scarcely a donbt bnt 
the Onisenberrvs of Logan county, Illinois, are descended 
from :^Ioses Onisenberry.' There were none of my fatlier's 
ancestors who ever mo\ed to Kentucky. ^ly grandfather O. 
died in Virginia before the beginning of this century, when 
my father was a small boy ; and while I cannot say positively, 
I believe my branch of the family are descendants of the 
first Aaron Onisenberry. ^ly uncles, John and (;eorge, both 
died young in \'irginia. ^ly uncle James moved to Kentucky 
with my father and settled in Christian county, and died 
there. Some of his sons remained in Christian county, Ky., 
but others moved to ^vlissouri, settling near Independence, 
and have descendants there now." 

[NoTK. — The editor is still of the opinion that the Ouisen- 
berrys of Illinois are descended from ]\Ioses Onisenberry, the 
son of the first Aaron ; but from Mr. Arthur Onisenberry 's 
letter, it seem^ that his grandfather died in Virginia ; so the 
Moses Onisenberry who settled in Kentucky must ha\e been 
a son of the first Moses. It is very probable indeed, however, 
that Moses Oni>enberry, son of the elder Aaron Onisenberry, 
bought lands in Kentucky and did not settle upon tlieni but 
remained in \'irginia.] 

For lists of Ouisenberrys, etc., who served in the Revolu- 
tionary War, the War of 1S12, the ^Mexican War, and on 
the Confederate side during the war between the vStates, see 
''Goicalogical yfoiiorauda of tJic Quisoibcyyy Fa)>iily;" etc. 



'■'T'hese sougJit Uielr nrjistc 

imomj those irlio v^ere reclcjntd by G 


[NoTE. — This iudox i> divided into two parts. Part I coiuprises the name 
Quisenberry, in its various fonus. and is subdivided into four sections, namely: 
Section ]. — German Forms of tbe Name. Section 2. — Eu<^dish Forms of the 
Name. Section 3. — Approximate English Names. Section 4. — American Forms 
of the Name. Tart II coniprises all other names mentioned in the book.] 

Section 1. — Gejimak Foums of tue Name. 


Bartolt. 8.",, 90 

IJertoId, 81, Sn, 87, S.N. 89. 

Bertram, 52. 

Elysftbeth, 83., 80. 

Johann, 82. 

Konrad, 79. 

Tilman, 79, 81. 

Christine, 90. 

Adriane, 90. 

Anna, 103. 

Barthold, S3, 90, 103. 

Berthel, 80. 

Bertholdt, 32. SO, 103. 

Bertold, 7, 2.s, 2'.t. 30. 31. 79, 80, 81. 
82, 102. 1(»3. lul. 

Bertouldus, 78. 

Bertolt,79, 80, M, 82. 

Bertram, 79, 104. 

Bertrand, 28, 101, lOG. 

Caspar, 32, 90. 93, '.t5, 103. 

Catherine, 7, 29, 102. 103. 

Christian, 29, 81. 

Christina, 29, 102, 103. 

Christine, 90. 

Cord, 82. 

Cunecjundis, 90. 

Cuuiberte (Saint ;, 33. 101, 102, 103. 

Elizabeth Catherina. 103. 

Elizabeth Constant ia, 33, 99, 100, 
102, 103. 

Entgenu, 93. 91, 103. 

Everhard. 90, 103. . 


Ferdinand Constantiue, 28, 32, 33, 
99, 102, 103. 

Franz, 103. 

Gerhardt. 90, 93, 103. 

Goddert, 29, 102. 

Gotfridus, 82. 

Heinrich, 29, 35. 

Henricus, 7, 29, 34, 35, 102. 

Henry, 29. 

Herniauu, 32, 93, 96, 99, 100, 102, 

Hermann Weneeslaus, 103. 

Johann, 20, 31, 32, 82, 89, 90, 93, 

Johann A., 33, 103, 105. 

Johes, 23, 105. 

Kurt. 29. 82. 

Margareta, 89, 9i», 100, 103. 

Margareth, 7, 28, 104. 

Margherita, 2'.i, 102. 

Maria, 103. 
I Maria Antonio, 103. 

Maria Carolina, 103. 

Maria, Catherina, 103. 
: Maria Constantia, 103. 
j Norbert Hermann, 102. 

Polixena. 103. 
'• Roliertus, 103. 

Sybilla, 7, 2S, 104. 

Tlieresia, 103. 
, Tidem, 28, 78. 

Tielmann. 7, 28. 31, 32. 34. 78. 79, 
80, 104. 

i Qiiesteiil>t'rj;e. 
1 Hermann, 78. 




Bartolt, ',)2. 
Bertold, 81. 
Bertolt. 80. 
Cathrhia, 92, 03. '.t-1. 
Eberhardt. Dl. !>2. 
Gerhardt, 02. 93, 04. 
Ilermnmi, 9G, 97. 


Margaretha, O-i-09. 

Jobauu. 31, 82-88. 
Stingou, 82-88. 

Bertholt, SS-bO. 
ilargretha. S8-89. 

Skction 2.— Engmsh Fokms of the X.\me. 


Marck. 3S, 107. 


Henrici, 107. 
Johannes, 39. 41, 107. 


Clnistopber, 39, 107. 
Elizabeth, 50. 
Heury, 107. 
James, IDS. 

John, 30, 46, 107, 108, 117 
Mildreil, 45, 50. 
Milliceut, 38, 107. 
Kicbard, 107. 


James, 108. 
Mildred, 108. 

Qucssciil)(>r<>w. 51, 11(3. 118. 
Samuel, ol, 116, 118, 119. 

Ques.seiil)OuroA\ . 

Mary, 51, 116. 
Praise, 51, 115. 
Praise God, 51. 


Ann, 38, 108. 


Alice, 50, 116. 
Elizabeth. 116. 
Mildred, 45. 


George, 30, 107. 
Henry, 107. 

Jacobus, 30. 4:.. 107, 117. 
James, 7. 107. 117. 
John, 30, 107, 117. 
Mildred, 107. 117. 
Miiiceut, 107. 
Kicbard, 130. 


Aiigu.stiue, 35. 
Bertrand, 104, 106. 
James, 117. 


Cbristopberus. 117. 

H., 109. 

Hary, 39, 108. 117. 

Heurv. 7, 37, 38,39, 40, 41, 43, 45, 

John. 40, 41. 

.Mildred, 7.39. 

Millicent. 39. 

Thoma.-, 40. 

Henry. 117. 

Marks, 37, 107. 

Thomas. 115. 

Henry, 41, 42. 108. 

James. 109, 118. 

John, 41, 108. 

Amye. 36, 107. 

Anne, 37. 41. 

George. 117. 

Heury, 7, 37. 41, 43, 44. 45. 107, 
100, 110, 111. 113. 

James. 45, 46. 47, 103, 113. 114, 115. 

Jaue, 41. 

Joan, 7. 46. 48, 100. 115. 

John, 7, 36, 41, 43. 46, 47. 48, 51, 
106. 109, 110, 113, 114. 115. 

Marcus, 37. 38. 

Marv, 44, 45, 111. 

Mildred, 46. 47. 109. 116. 

Sara, 44, 111. 112. 

Sarah, 48. 116. 

Thomas, 7. 46, 47, 4S, 40, 50, 51, 
108, 100, 110, 113, 115. 

Ann, 109. 

John, 46, 108. 

Anne, 100. 

James, loO. 

Joane, 100. 

Mary, 113. 

Sara, 113. 




Thomas, lH'i. 

Auyustini', 7, oG. lOU. 

lleuiy, 3C.. 107. 

Thomas, 3r., 1U7. 

Angustiue, 3G, lOG. 

Augustine, 20, 3G, lO'i. 

Angustiue, 3G, lOG. 
Quest yiij^lxn'oujili. 

Augustine. 3u, lOG. 

Angustiue, 35, 30, IdG. 


Mary, IIC. 
Samuel, llC. 


Kev. Thomas, 45, ,',1. IIG 

Mary. 51, llG. 

Samitel, 51. 116. 

Hurry, 37. 

Harry, 37, 107. 

Marks, 37, 1U7. 

Heury, 40, 117. 

Milisant, 40. 117. 

Seghon 3.— Aprr.oxiMATE English Names. 


Anne, 121. 

Edward. 121. 

John, 121. 

Pcrne, 121. 

Richard, 121. 

Alice, 120". 

Mary, 120. 

llichard, 120. 

Aune, 121. 

Edward. 121. 

John, 121. 

Richard. 121. 

Nic. de. 2G, 120. 

Nicolas dc, 26, 120. 

John, 121. 

Deborah, 121. 

Margrit, 121. 


E., 121. 

Harriet, 121. 

Catherine, 121. 

Samuel T., 121. 

Cecil de, 121. 

Anue, 121. 

John, 121. 

John, 121. 

Mary. 121. 

John, 121. 

Joan, 121. 

John, 121. 

Elizabetir. 121. 

Thomas. 121. 

William, 121. 

Section 4. — Amkiucan Forms of the Name. 


Rev. Mr.. 71. 
Cbristciib»MT\ . 

David, 71. 

Annie, 71. 
Criiseii berry. 

W. A., 71. 
Cu.slienberry, 25. 40, 71. 

I Que-seiiberry. 

I Abel, 73. 

; Ann, 73. 

I Catherine. 73. 

I Charles, 73. 

David H., 73, 74. 
• H. M.. 72. 

I. M., 73. 

James, 73. 

•Jos. L., 73. 

Ml'.MORIAI.S C)I" 'I'll I', OriSKXni-.RRV l-AMILV 


Lucinda, li. 

Kicbola:^, 73. 

Page, 73. 

Eose, 73. 

Samuel, 73. 

William D., 73. 

Zaccbeus, 73. 

Albert, 54. 

Audersou, 51. 

Bessie G., 54. 

IJetscy, 54. 

Catberiiie, 73. 

Elizabetb. 54. 

Frances, 54. 

Huiupbrey. 7,54. 

James, 54, 73. 

Jobu, 54. 

]Marj', 55. 

Nicbolrts, 54. 

Kicbard, 54. 

Sallie, 54. 

Sanford, 54. 

Sue. 54. 

Thomas, 54, 55. 

"William, 51. 

William Miunr, 54. 

Anue, 7, 54. 

Jubn, 7, 47, 53, 54. 

Fraucis, 47. 

John, 47. 

Thomas, 7, 47, 53. 

Aaron, 7, 55, 5< 

Aaron S., 50. 

Achilles, 65. 

Ada P., til. 

Adelaide C, (JD. 

Agnace, 58. 

.\lbert, 58. 02. 

Alice, t;3. 

Allen, 57. 

AlraaL., 61. 

Alzira E.. f.l. 

Anderson C, 8, f>'.1. 

Angelina, 05. 

Ann, 5'.», (i3, 04. (',5. 

Ann E., 65, G7. 

Ann S., OS. 

Anna, 5'J. 

Anzie, 05. 

Antonia. 5i). 

Armazinda, 05. 

Arthur, 57. 

Arthur L., 01. 

Arthur T., OS. 

Audley, 60. 

5S, 02, 


]!eiijiiiiiin, 50. 

Bcttie, 01, 05, 73. 

Braxton, 05. 

Buford A., 68. 

Caroline, (M. 

Carrie, Gl. 

Catherine, 57. 

Charles, 50. 

Charles C, 08. 

Charles W., GO. 

Chesterfield, GO. 

Chloe, 06. 

Claudius V., 68. 

Clav, 60. 

Colby. 00. 

Colby Broomball, 70. 

Colby Burris, 7. 04, 05, 07, OS, GO 72. 

Colbj- SI, 08. 

Colby T. , G5. 

Cora, 09. 

Corinna B., S, GO. 

Daniel, 02. 

Dayid. 50, 62. 

David Waller, 70. 

Dorothy S., Gl. 

Dudley T., 08. 

Edgar," 59. 

Edward. 57. 

Edward E.,57. 

E. S..57. 

Edward S.. 56. 

Effie, 61. 

Elijah, 58. 

Eliza, .50, 62. 6G. 

Eliza M., 08. 

Elizabeth, 50. 58, 62, 63, 64, Go. 

Elizabeth Virciinia, 58. 

Elkanah E., 08. 

Ella. 63, 61. 

Ellen, 58. 6S. 

Elva. 58. 

Emerine, 05. 

Emily, 00. 

P'.mily Cameron, 8, 00. 

Enniia. 58, 64, 70. 

Emma .Mice. GO. 

Ethel Lisle, 70. 

Eugene, GO. 

Eyaline, 50. 

Everett B., 61. 

Ezekiel C, 08. 

FieldiuL,' B., 05, 68. 

Florence, G8. 

Florence B.. 08. 

Florence Emily, 70. 

Frances, .58, 02, 0)3. 0,4, 05, G7. 

Frances T.. 08. 

Frank P. 03. 

Garland, 57. 

George, 55, 50, 02. 


\y]) AND A.MlvRICA. 


Quiseti berry. 

Georqe E., tJl. 

Lloyd T., 65. 

George W.. G6. 

Louis C, 66, 71. 

Gertrude, 69. 

Louisa. 67. 

Grace E., 09. 

Lucy, 56. 58, 59, 60, 6 

H. C, n9. 

LucV A., 61. 

Harrift. 59. 

Luc"y B., 7, 67, 68, 69. 

Harriet E., Gl. 

Lucy T., 58. 

Hattie C, 61. 

Mabel, 62. 

Helen. 60. 

Madison, 68. 

Henrietta, 56. 

Margaret, 65. 

Henrv, 6i, 

Maria. 59. 

HenrvJ., 61. 

Martha C. 65. 

Hezekiah E.. 5f.. 

Marv, 60, 61, 62. 64, r„ 

Hiram. 63. 

MarV A., 62. 

H. L., 72. 

Marv And<'rsou. 70. 


MarvE., 62, 65. 

Hla, 64. 

MarVF.. 65. 

Inez, 5s. 

Mary J.. 63, 65, VyG. 


Mary L.. 64. 

Ivanora. 69. 

Mattie, 58. 

J., 59. 


J. J., 57. 

Maxine, 61. 

Jackson, 65, 66. 

Menawether, 6i). 

Kev. Jamc;?, 7,32. 55. 60, OC, 71. 73. 

Millie. 62. 

James. 56. 57. 59. 60. 62, 63, 65, 67. 

Mills, 65. 


Milton, 65, 67. 

James Francis, 8, 69, 70. 

Minerva. 64. 

James H., 71. 

Mollie, 66. 

James Harvey, 61, G'i. 71. 

Monroe, GL 

James M.. .58. 59. 

Moses, 55, 56, 71. 

James N., 61. 

Mourning, 61. 

Jane. 7.58, 62. 63, 64, 65. 67. 

Nancy, 62, 63. 

Janet. 64. 

Nannie, 68. 

Jennie F.. 57. 

Narcissa. 65. 

Jesse L.. 61. 

Nellie M.. 61. 

Joan, 60. 

Nelson, 58. 

Joel, 63. 73. 

Nettie, 68. 

JodT.. 63.64. 

Newton, 69. 

John, 55, 56. 57. aK 62, 74. 

Nicholas, C(». 

John A., 59. 

Owen, 71. 

Dr. John A. B., 32, 59. 

Pamelia, 63, (;4. 

John B.. 61. 

Patsey, 61, 66. 

John H.. 64. 71. 73. 

Pat tie, 59. 

John M., 69. 

Paul J., 61. 

John S. 58. 

Pearl. 58. 

Joseph, 62. 

Peggy. 62, 64. 

Joseph H., G6. 71. 

Philip. 64, Gry. 

Joseph M. . 5<. 

PoUv, 56. 65. 67. 

Jovee, 7, 55, 56, 62. 63. 

Polly Ann, O:. 

Joyce D., 68. 

Prudence, >',:'.. 

Julia. 5N. 

Pv., 57. 

Kate, 59. 

Kachel, i;0. 64. (;5. 

Kitly. 62, 66. 

Rachel J., 68. 

Laura, 64. 

Kalph. 5s. 

Laura E.. 61. 

Rebecca J., 6n. 

Leuious W., 61. 

P.euben T., 71. 

Leta, 58. 

Rhoda, 66. 

Letitia. t',6. 

Rhodes, r,5. 

Lettv, 66. 

Richard, 57. 58. 

Lissa, 62. 

Richard D., 62. 


64, 67, 68. 


:mkmoriai,s ok Tine QuiS}-:xin-;KRY family 

Qui sen berry. 

liolH-vt, 5G, (U. cr,. 
Hobert L., Bl. 
Robert T., 5'J. 
Roger, 63, 05, 6fi, 07. 
Koger M., G8. 
• Koger T., 08. 
Euth, O'J. 

Sallie, 56, 05, 00, 67, (iS. 
Sallie A.. 60, 65. 
Sallie B., 60. 
Sarah, 58, 62, 64. 
SnrahE., 69. 
Sarah F., 67. 
Sheltou, 66. 
Sidua, 02. 
Siduey A., 68. 
Sophia, GO). 
Sophia A., 00. 
Stephen, 50, 05. 
Susau, 59, 60. 
Susannah, M., 60. 
T. PI., 57. 
Talitha. 63. 
Tandy, 64. 65. 
Thacker, 64. 
Thomas, 56, 57. 
Thomas E., 02. 
Thomas Edwin, 59. 
Thos. Jefferson, 63, 64. 


Virginia, 58, 03. 
Vivian, 62. 
W., 57. 
Waller, 70. 
Walter L., 08. 
Wilbur, 59. 
William, 55.56,57, 
William 15., 00. 
William F., 65. 
William H., 64. 
William M.. 01. 
William P., 61. 
William S.. 60. 
William Y., 58. 
Winuifred, 56, 64. 
Zib., C^iJ. 


Francis, 47. 


William, 71. 


Emma. 72. 
Jane. 72. 
John J., 72. 
John L., 72. 
Marv 15.. 72. 
William B., 72. 
William F., 72. 

is, 59, 62, 64, 65. 

Other Names. 

AT.eclcett, Thomas. 15. 

Acht, Caspar. 101. 

AfTelen. Hermann, 94. 

Aich, Christina, 103. 

Aldeu, Elizabeth, 73; John, 73: Fris- 

cilla, 73. 
Alfree, Kev. F. K.. 11k. 
Alsop, Maj. Benjamin, ">8. 
Andre. Caspar. 9-_'. 94. 
Andreas, Caspar. 91 ; Domeuicus, 10-j. 
Androes. John, 40, 109. 
Ashton, 59. 
Austine, Henry, 109. 
Averdunck, cV..s[iar, 95 ; Calhoriue, 

95 : Johanu, 102. 
Barrv, Lucy, 67: Mari.i I;.. 6i. 
Bartittt, Bev. E. W.. 5,118: Lottie 

K.,64,73: NtlsouN.,73: W. Fied, 

64, 73. 
Beatty, Orniond, 59 : Pattie. 59. 
Berst, John, 121 : Margrit, 121. 
Bell, Patty, 59 : Polly, 56. 
Bennett, Pat-t-y, 61. 
Benson, Itev. I'ercy G., 118. 

6:5: Jas. H. 

I Benton, Cleo, 60. 

I Berry, Alice, 03 : Grant, 

! 54"; John, 115 

I Beverly, Kichard, 121. 

I Beymon. Moses, 121. 

Blackburn, Mrs. Jennie, 51. 
i Blanckenber;.:, NValramus, 97. 

Blithersvyk.Bobert, 100. 
1 Blitterswlch, Brune, 98 : Heinr., Sd. 
I ^Lirgherita. Ilt2. 
I Blitterwick, ^L-ir:.:;aretha, 29. 
I Blitterswicke, Roljberti, 79. 
I BlvtersNVvch, Joh.. 79 ; Ropreteh, (9. 
\ Bo'denhaiirer, E. L., 69; Mattie L. 

; 69. 

Boliuswerdt, Meh-hior, '.tO. 

Bolte, Johaun. 102. 

Booue, Daniel, 63. 

Bonrland, Mrs. O. :NL, 54. 

Bnwip, Jane, 72: John C, 72; Lucy 

A., 72. 
Bov.-les, Ann, 38, 108; Edward, 
: 108. 



iJraudies, Catberiuo, ]03 ; Jobanii J., 

IJrauthofl". Jau., US. 
Urempt. Johu. SO. 
Brent, Antonia, oi). 
Brickcudtu, IIG. 
Brook, K. A.. 75. 
Brockmau, IG: Asa. mk 05; Curtis, 

5G : Francis, G5 : Jacob, G.j : Lucy, 

5G; Mary, 6.j : Naucy, 50; Nar- 

cissa, C5 : Thomas, Go. 
Broeluians, Gertrude, 101. 
Bronweyler, Adolph, SU. 
Brookin, Patsev E., G7 ; lloger, GS. 
BrooMihall, Adelaide, G'.t ; CoriDua, S, 

C9 ; Webb. G9. 
Browu, Auu, 73: Laurence C, o; 

Phillis C, o, 118. 
Bruner, Frances, 63: Jolm, *yS. 
Brunsheim, Couradt, Si2. 
Bunneineyer, Dr. Bernard, 5. 
Burk, Barbara, 75: Catherine, 70: 

AVilliaiu. 70. 
Burris. Catherine. 07 : Frances, 03 ; 

Jane, 7. 03, 07 : Sallie, 56 : Thomas, 

G3 ; William, 67. 
Burrus, Kobert. 74 ; Peter, 74. 
BuschnK\u, Wittiben. 95 
Bush, Ambrose, 63: .\nu. 05: .A.nn 

S., 6S: Calheriu'\ 05 : Chri-,ty G., 

64; Elizabeth, 05: Francis. 07: 

Jane, 63. 05 : John. 65 ; Josiah. 75 : 

Laura. 64: Lucv, 7, 67; Margaret, 

65; Mary E., 65; Os>ie, 05 : Peggy, 

G4: Bachel. 07: Kobert. 65, GS: 

Sallie, 65; William L., 65; Zach, 

Bvbee, Frances, 03: Marv J., 00. 
Cade. Jack. 13. 11. 
Calenius, Arnoldus, 07. 
CiUhoim, John C, 75. 
Cameron, 70 : Emily, 69. 
Camplin. Edward. 00 ; Mary, 60. 
Caucro. Wilhelmo SO. 
Capps, Chas. W., 65. 
Carr. Blackwell. OS : Lucv Belle, OS. 
Carter, Mrs. H. C, 54 : Reginald, 115 : 

Winnifred, 04. 
Catlett (or Cattlet";, Elizabeth, 114. 

115: Thomas. 114, 115. 
Ca%-e-ljr(i\vne. Kev. J., 30. 
Chandler. 50, 110; Mildred. 

.50, 110. 
Cliapuian. H. Mapletou, 1, 118. 
Chenault, Ander.son, CO: Ann, 75; 

Barljara, 75, 76 ; Catherine. 70 ; 

Charles, 07 : Colby, 07 : David, 07 ; 

Elizabeth, 70: Eii/.a G., 75; 

Eltauor, 75 ; Emily 00 : Emilv C, 

S. 60 ; Emilv S., 76; Evaline'. 70 ; 

Felix K., 75;' Frances, 67; Harvey, 

I 67; Howlett, 75; James, 67 • 
i James 15., 70 ; Jolm, 67, 75, 70: 
I John II., 75; Josefa, 70; Louisa, 
'. 75, Louisia, 67: Louisia C, 70: 
' Lucv 07; Lucv E.,76: Maria L.. 

67:' Martha, '75; Mary E., IS: 

Milhird F., 67; Milton" W.. (;7 : 

Nancv, 67: Naucv M., 76; Sallie 

A.. 67; Stephen,' 75. 70: Tandy. 

03 ; Thomas. 70 : Tirginia, O.:) ; 

William, 67, 75, 76; William M., 

Cheneau, 76. 
Chinault. William, 74. 
Clandt, Johann Dietrich, 09. 
Clark. Dr. Hyde, 26. 
Clarke, Thomas. Ill ; William, 111. 
Clayton. Caroline, 64 ; Elizabeth, 04 ; 

Sarah, 64; Winnifred, 64. 
Gierke. H^nry. 110. 
Clippinks, Marg., 88. 
Cobham, Johu, 110. 
Cochran, Alzira E., 61 ; Benj. F., 01 : 

Lenuv. 61. 
Codd, John, 100. 

Coesseu, Fyegia, 79 ; Gevhart T., 79. 
■ Coggeshall, Hannah, 73. 
Colege, Eobert, 100. 
CoUeu. Couplonde. 81. 
Collins, Francis, 115; J. dm. 121. 
Coukwright, .\nn E., 05, 07 : Plea-^ant 

J., 05, 67. 
Courow. Aaron, 74. 
Cook, Laura E., 61. 
Cornish, Johu, 121. 
Couchman, 10. 

Cowper, J, M.. 4, 106, 110, 117. 119. 
Cremer. Duyuwalt, 8S : Jacob, 8s. 
Cress, Carrie. 61. 

Crews, Angelina, <'>5 ; Zaehariah, 05. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 13,17,51: Thoma-, 

Cruce, Thomas de. 120. 
Dauiel, Jane, 62 ; Jackson, 05. 
Davis, Margaret, 57. 
Deloney, T., 121. 
Dickens. Charles, 15. 
Dickinson, Alfred, 59; Auu, 59; 

Charles, 59: Balph, 5;«. 
Diedrichsteiu. Constantia, 33, 103 ; 

Gundacker, 33, 103. 
Doau, ilabel, 62. 
Dornek, Johann, 79. 
Dortmuude, Dederieli, 85. 
Dubois, Bachel, 77. 
Dudley, Joyce, 7, 55 ; Eobert, 55. 
, Duerson, Marv J., 63 ; Eichard, lo'-i. 
; Dulaney, Harriet, 50: Dr. Wmti-ld, 

Dulev. Jane. 65. 
I Dul],'llaunah, 77. 



Duncan, Joyce, (;3 ; Willifim, 63. 

Durluim, Harriet E., 01. 

Kntlev. .\nne. 4'2, 100 ; Maurice, 1'J, 

■14,' 109, 113. 
ELereu, Alexamler, 90. 103: Auue. 

ilO, 103: Bartbolt, '.10; Henuan.DO: 

Peter, DO. 
Elkin, Ann, 65 ; Colby W., fiS : E. J. 

M., G8 : I-:noch, 6S : Jane, 64 : Joyce 

A.,6S; Lucv, 68: Milton S., tiS ; 

Polly A., 66: llebecca J., 68; 

Kobert. 68: Sarah L., 68: Scott, 

66; Willis, 64. 
Elliott, Catherine, 67: Hattie C, 61 ; 

Philip, 67. 
Ellis, Alice, 108: Edinond, lOS: Ellis, 

110: }Ieiirv,110; Jane, 111: Peter, 

43,108.111, 112: Sallie, 56. 
Ellv.s, Peter. 112. 
Elove, Edward , 11.5. 
Eubank, 16 : Cleo, 66 ; Emilv, 66 ; 

John, 66: Pollv, 65, 67 : William 

T., 66. 
Evans, Andrew, 4", 109: Ann. 63: 

Geo. W., 66: James, 66: Jane, 64: 

Joseph P., 64; Lee, 66 : Letitia.66: 

Margaret, 65, 109; Nannie, 68; 

Pamelia, 63: Peter, 65. 66; Silas, 

63; Talitha, 63. 
Ewing, Pandail M., 75. 
Eylsich, Edmundus, 79. 
Faenpoit, Fredf^rick. 85. 
Falckenberg, Johann. 95. 
Falconer. John, 62: .Mary A., 62. 
Fant, Julia, 58; Virginia, 6.^. 
Farrand, Matilda, 59. 
Finkle, Abrara, 77: Adelaide. 69; 

Almira,77: AlvinH.,77: Catherine, 

77 ; Ebenezer, 77 : Frederick, 77 ; 

Frederick G., 77: George, 77: Geo. 

G., 77; Juo. G.,77: Hannah, 77; 

Joseph G., 77; Mary, 77: Nancy, 77: 

Piachel,77: Theodore, 77 : Wasliing- 

ton, 77. 
Fitzhugh, Emma, 72. 
Fletcher, Elizabeth. 114: John, 114: 

Thomas, 114. 
Floyd. John. 121. 
Fludd, Thomas, 1-44. 
Fogeler, Nicasius, 89. 
Ford, Dr. Kichard, 60; Sallie A., 60. 
Fossa, Peter, 92, 94. 
Fo.K, George, 66; Pvhuda, 66. 
Fruzier, Catherine. 57: Pobeil, .57. 
French, Lucv, 60: Dr. Pincknev, 60. 
Furde, Christina, 103 : Otto, 103". 
Furden, Christine, 90; Gertrude, 95 ; 

Otto, 90, 95. 
Furstenbeicli. Conradt, 90: Margaret, 

Galen, Jolian. 90. 

Gamble, Edward C, 68: John W., 
68; Sallie, t\H : Susan, 68. 

Gardner, Frances, 58; James, 5s ; 
Dr. Junses E., 58; Jjucy T. , 5s ; 
Mary. 58. 

Garrett, 57. 

Gayle, Joyce, 55. 

Gentry, Mary, 6,5: Pleasant, 65. 

GeTlenkirchen, Conradt, 84. 

Gibbens, Elizabeth, 50, 116: Thomas, 
50, 116. 

Gibbs, Elizabeth, 63. 

Gibson, Eliz:ibeth, 44; Nicholas, 44. 

Gilbert, Ann, 110: Nathaniel, 121. 

Gleydell, Peginald, 46, 109. 
I Green, Bessie, 54: liose, 73. 
I Grevensteiu, Heinricli, 81. 
j Griffin, Joan, 46, 109; John, 46, 48, 
I 109; Wra., 47. 
! Grigsby, James, 63 ; Talitha, 63. 
i Groom, Ben. B.. 63; Elizabeth, 63. 
I Grundy, Felix, 75 ; Nancy, 75. 
i Grunston, Hartobello, 49, 116. 

Guthrie, Henry, 63; Sallie A., 67: 
Sarah L.. 63. 
j Gwinu, Mary A., 62. 
i Haggard. 15': Bartlett S., 68 ; Charles, 
I 65; Clifton, 66: Elizabeth, 63: 
Frances T., 68: Enoch, 68 : James, 
I 66; James D., 66; Jeptha. 66: 
i John, 66: Lucy A., 68: Mourning, 
I 66; Nannie. 66; Nettie, 68 ; Sidney 
I A.. 66. 
! Hales. Henry, 116. 

Hall, James, 59; Joaue, 121: Sallie, 
! .59. 

I Hamond, Thomas, 110. 
! Hampden, John, 13. 
i Hampton, Emerine, 65 
j Nancy, 65. 

I Happenium, Hermanuus, 98. 
i Hardenraths, Wittiben, 95. 
' Harfl', Barbara, 90. 
j Harflete, Walter, 43. 109. 
I Harpen, Engell, 78. 
I Harris, Louisa, 68. 
; Hatfield, C. T.. 5. 
I Haville, Thomas de, 18. 
i Hawkins, Elizabeth, 58. 
j Hcade, Ki., 44, 113, 117. 
' Ikdmbach, Bartholdt, 90; Cathrina 
I 90; Cnnegundis. ;)0. 103: Mar-arti 

90 ; Peter, 90, 103. 
; Helm, May, 59. 
', Hehnan, Johan. 89. 
i Henderson, Alfred, 54: James, 60 
i Joan, 60; John, 56; Sallie, 54,56 
I Herb, Gerhurt, 79. 

Hermanui, Johan M., 9'.i. 

Hcrndon. ElizalH.fh, 62: John, 62. 
I Hickman. 116,. 


65 : 

IX (;krmaxv, i-:ngt<axi) axd ami:rica. 


Hiulvle. Emma A.,0:): Emma M.,C'.l; 
James M., 09: Joseph A., GO; 
Lewise. (V.). 

Iliter, Jane. 58. 

Hodykin, Armaziiida, Ca : Jamos, Cr) ; 
Margaret, (V: ■ Pbilip, C5 -. Samuel, 
C5: Tftiulv Q.. Co. 

Hou'ue, Alvesto P.. 105. 

llolmau, Archer P., 58; Ellen. 58; 
George. 58: Dr. George P., 58; 
ilarv, 58 : Virginia, 58. 

Hopper, Dorothy S..r,l: Edward E., 
01: Nellie L.. C.l : ^Vm. K., HI. 

Hornbeak, Florence, Gs. 

Ilotliu, George. 7'.'. 

Howard, Ann, "'S. 

Hoymbaeh.Cathringeu, 84: Peter, 81. 

Hudson, E valine, 76. 

Hultz. Edgar M., GS : Lncy, G8 : Ma- 
riana, 68 ; Manlius E. . OS. 

Hnnt. John D., 67. 

Huutum. Autouius, 98. 

Hynes. Barbara, 76: W. P., 76. 

Itu;bide, Emperor of Mexieo, 73. 

Jackson. Andrew, 75. 

James, F. V., 5. 

Janes. Ann. 110: Jo.sias, 110. 

Jeayes, J. H., 117. 

Jefferson, Thomas. 74. 

Jenkins, Colby M., 68: Cyrus. 61; 
James Q.. 68: Harriet E..61: Les- 
lie T., 68: Lucy J., 68; :Marie L., 
68: Eachel B.. 68; Pachel J., 08; 
Sallie A., 68; Thomas, 68: Virgil 
T., 68. 

Johnson. Evaline. 56: E. Polk, 56; 
Jane, 41, 108: llobert. 41. 108, 111. 

Johusonne. Jane, 113. 

Jones, Frances, 58: Lucy, 5'.). 

Kanneugeiseu. Anna. 103. 

Kanneugeisers, Gertrude, 95. 

Kaunitz-Rietburg, Count, 34, 105; 
Maria Antonio. 103. 

Kerdal, H. S., 118. 

Kett\yich. Wilh.. 79. 

Keussen, Dr. Hermann. 104. 105. 

Kilmer, Almira. 77: Mary, 77. 

Klein<lanck, M^lchior. 90. 

Kleppinak, Mar-aretta, 103. 

Klippincks. Eliz.. 8S. 

Kneckel. Jo:innes, ii9. 

Krith, Juhann, 94. 

Kuffstein, :\Iaria C, 103; Priestgolt, 

L:i<Al.ind, 74. 

Lain. liHrmann ther. 94. 

T-aiiip. Catlnina zur. U2. 

Lamar, L. Q. C. 73. 

Laml.erg, Joanne F., 1()3 : Maiia, 103. 

Liughhn. Marv. 6}. 
L-versMU. Kirh.ud. K'^i. 

Linden. Metteleu, 95. 

Lindsay, Annie, l->: Nicholas 7'^ • 

Vachel, 72. 
Linyard, Catherine. 121. 
Li.sle,Emma, 70; James D., 70; Nancy 

H., 70. 
Loudon, Peter, 107. 
Lown, Catherine, 77. 
Lyskirehen. Conradt. 101: Elizabeth 
i C. 99, 100. 102. 103: Gertrude T.. 
102; Margaretta, 102; Polixena. 
McCord, Emma, 64; Woodson. 64. 
McDonald. Emma M.. 69: Key. H. 
M., 4, 118: J. D.. 69: Lewise H., 
McGavock, James. 75 : James R., 75, 
76; Hugh. 75; Louisa C. 76: 
Louise, 75: Randall. 75. 76: Sallie 
D., 75. 
Mailbord, Johann. 79. 
Maplesden, Robert, 109; Peter, 109. 
Marshall, John. 55; Humphrey. 55; 
i Mary, 55. 
j Marte, Gobehnus. 7'J. 
j Martin, John, 67: Nancy, 67: Rachel, 
i 67. 
j Matthews, Mflrgar.-t, 111; Robert, 

I in. 

Maupin, Gabriel. 75. 

Mayes. Edward. 73. 
, Mercer, John, 11 6. 
' Mey, Laurentium. 98. 
I Meyer. Karl, 104. 
i Meyputz, Joannes. nO. 
, Millard. Rev. F. M.. 4. 117. 

Mitchell. Pamelia. 64. 
, Mommerschlogs. Melchiors, 90. 
! Montague. Geo. \V., 3; Lucy, 59. 
I Moored Anzie, 65: Martha C. 65; 
■ Samuel, 68: Sarah, 69: Sarah F., 
I 68; W. B.,63. 
j Morgan. Daniel, 59. 
j Morris, Rev. A. P.. 4. 117: Mary. 4: 
! Robert. 60; Roger. 4; Susan, 69; 
I Winifred, 56. 

; Morton, Aguace. 58: Elijah. 58: Eliz- 
; abeth, 58. 

I Mullins. Alice. 73 : Henry, 74 : Pris- 
! cilia, 73: Wm., 73. 
i Murphy, Mary. (il. 
I Murray. Francis M.. 61 : Harriet E., 
61; Harry, Gl. 

Mutiken. Hein.. 79. 

Nail. James B. 76: James F., 7t", : 
Lucy E., 76. 77. 

Natt, Hester, 116: Mary. 51, 116. 

Nelson, Elizabeth. 56"; Lucy. 58: 56. 5S. 

Newman. John. 62: -Mary. 62; Millie. 
<:2: Sidna. (-,2. 


mk:moria].s ok tiik prisiCNr.i-.KRv KA^rii.v 

Nichols, Bettie, 04, 73; Elizabetb, 
73 ; Ilauiuib, 73 ; Joshua, 73 : Lot- 
tie, ('.1,73: Nelson, 64, 73 : Kachel, 
73 ; Walter, 7.".. 

O'Bannon. Helcu, CO: Samuel E.. CO. 

Ogden, Elizabeth. 7G : Jno. \V.. 76. 

Otten, Polixena, 103. 

Otterton, Duke, 45 : Joaiie, 45. 

Oxburgb, ^^'i]lia^l. 115. 

Pabudie, Elizabeth, 73 ; Judith, 73 : 
Rachel, 73: NVm., 73. 

Paramore, Thonias, 14. 111'. 

Parrish, Ella.63: H. S.,63: Z^IarvF., 

Peal, Effie, 65. 

Peek, Nancv. 77. 

Peckham, John, 26, 120. 

Pendleton, Ann, 58 : Benj.,5S; Eliz- 
abeth. r,H ; John. 58 : Wm., 5S. 

Penn, William. 58. 

Perue, Andrew, 121. 

Perry, Lissa, 62. 

Phillipse, Jbirv. 4. 

Piugio, Johaun, 102. 

Piukerton, Ehza M., 68 : Samuel, 68. 

Pope. Ann, 7. 54. 

Potts, Dr. John S., GO: Sallie Q., 60. 

Poynter, Jame.s W., 65 : Sallie, 65 ; 
Wiley T., 65. 

Prevritt. Wm. F.. Go. 

Price. Anna, 59: John Edward, 50. 

Proctor, Dr. D. L., 63 : Mary J.. 63. 

Pulver, Catherine, 77. 

Putnam, Herbert, 5. 

Quaile, Frances. 54 : Walker, 54 : Wil- 
liam, 54. 

Quastenberg. Chas., 34; Kob., 34. 

Piagland. Bird, GS : Catherine, 62: 
Colby Q., 68: Elkauah. 68 : France.s. 
64; James F., 64: John M.. 64, GS : 
Louisa. 67 ; Lucy A.. 68 : Mary M., 
68 ; Milton. 68 : Nathaniel, 68 : 
Nathaniel M., 64; Patsev £., G7 ; 
Sallie. 67: Sallie B., 6G': Samuel 
H., 64; Sarah F., 68: Thos. S., 
66; Virginia. 68: Wm. H., 67; 
Wm. T. , 68. 

Kahuiaus, Caspar. 95: Elizabeth, 95; 
Gertrude, 95 : Margaret, 9.'.. 

Pteeves, Sallie K., 65. 

Heyde, Gerhard, 72. 

Ileynolds, Henrietta, 56 : Jane. 62 : 
Joyce. 56 : Peggv, 62 ; Sarali. 62 ; 
Sarah E.. 62 ; Win., 56. 62. 

Ilhoades. Elizabeth, 62: Marv. 62. 

Pugg, Ba.sil. 73 : Catherine. 73. 

Eiugelberg. Matthia.s, 92. 

Kink, Joh:inn, SO: Sybilla. 80. 

llodgers, Ekanor, 75 : John. 75; Mary 
E., 75; Nancj-, 75 ;. Sallie D., 75." 

Kogers, Thorold, 13, 

I Koidou, Pauwell, 81. 

Kose, Marv E.. 62. 
I lioydon, Jlo.^e, 44. 
1 Kutledge, Jame.s, 67. 
i Byau, Bachel, C,r,. 
j live, Walter, 5, 26. 
I Sanders, Elizabeth, 62; Frances, 62. 
I Scaggs, Susannah M., GO. . 
I Scarth, Kev. John. 4. 117. 
! Schlasgiu, Christina, 29, 102. 
j Shannon, Emilv, 76. 
I Shipp, Chloe, 66. 
[ Shorers, Elizabeth, 54. 

Shorey, Henry. 46. 109. 

Simpson, Questenberv, 113 ; Thoma-^, 

Sinclair, Ann. 121; James, 121. 

Sittarde, Caspar A.. 91, 92. 

Skeat. W. W., 5, 26. 116. 

Slechter, Bertolt. 79. 

Slossgiu, Johanu, 83. 

Smith. Agnar-e M.. 58 : Jane, 58 ; 
Thomas. 58. 

Siuitt ('or Snott"), Nicholas, 111. 

Southey, Eev. Mr., 4. 

Speed, Thoma.-;. 71. 

Spiegall, Hilger. S3. 
i Spindle. Frances. 58. 
j Stadler, Maria C. 103. 

Staell, Joannes, 98. 
I Staples. Martha. 75. 
I Stevens, James, 60 : Lucy. GO. 
! Stewart, Bettie, 64; Charles, 64. 
j Stoddard, Joshua, 73; Baehel. 73. 
' Stonehouse, Duke, 4.5 ; Elizabeth. 44 : 
! George. 44, 45 ; Joaue, 45 ; Mary. 
I 44,45,113; Nicholas. 44. 45. 113: 
Kobert, 44 ; Eose, 44 ; Wm., 44. 

Strange. J. J.. 118. 
: Stubblelield. 116. 

; Suchteln, Svbilla. 7. 28. 80, 104: 
; Taitzgvn, SO. 
; Sudduth; Eachel. 64. 

Suderniau, Cathrina, 90 : EverLardtz, 
: Sutherland, 65; Kaleigh, 65. 
I Swann, Mrs., 59. 
' Sweetiuge, John, 115. 
; Sydeveran, Johan, 85. 
' Tandy, Frances, 63 ; Henry, 57 : John, 
I 74 ; Wm. , 74. 
j Taylor, Emma, 58 : James, 58. 

Temper. John, 18. 
I Terrill, Kitty. 62. 

I Thatcher. Elizabeth. 114; Thomas, 
i 46. 110, 114. 
j Thirlaen, Cathrina, 103. 
: Thitz, Matthis. 89. 90. 

Thomas. Jordan. 64: Lucy, 64. 
; Thomson, Albert, 63: Elizab-tli. 63 ; 
Harrison, 63: Harrison P., (13; 
. Joyce, G3. 



Thompson, Elizabeth, 73 : M.uia, 5;) : 
Minerva. C.l; Wiu.. 04. 

Thonidike, Kov. A. J. W.. 1]S. 

ThonitoTi, EUfeti. r.8. 

Throm, Peter. T-iO. 

Tilden, Ilenrj-, 3'.l. 

Tillmnu. Polly. G2. 

Timberlake, Jane, 72. 

Tinder, George, C,2 -. Nancy. G2 : 
]{ichard, C2 ; Sarah. G2. 

Ti-ibble, Sallie, C8. 

Trigg, Ann, 75. 

Trussell, 16. 

Tucker, M. M.. ni;: Mollie. GG: Nan- 
nie, 6G: SVm. F. , GG. 

Turner, Thomas. 4 + . 113. 

Tyler, Wat, 113. 

Tyree, Frances. 67. 

Umphres. Grace E., GO: E. E.. 69. 

Undcrholz. Maria. 103. 

Vackel, Joannes. i»><. 

Yancleave, Sophia. C6 : Stephen. GG. 

Vanlandigham, Ada P., Gl : Harriet 
E.. 61 : Herschel. 61 : John D.. 61. 

Vass. Ann. 59: Benjamin. 59. 

Yeutyman. WaU., 107. 

Verris, Johan, 89, 90. 

Violett, Lucv. 64. 

Wade. John." Ill: Nicholas. 111. 

Walbnrg, INIaria A., 103. 

Waldeu, Gilbert, 121. 

Walker. Dr. W. W.. rA. 

Walton, James. 59; Jno. F., 59; 
Matilda. 59 ; May, 59 : Sallie. 59 ; 
Susan, 59. 

Wanmete, Herman, 81. 

Warder, Lucinda, 74. 

; Warlowe, Wm., 3G, 37, lOG. 
, \Varner, Mary, 51, 116. 
' Washinu'ton, George, 4, 51: John, 54. 
I Watts, bavid, 63 ; Talitha, 63. 
j Weathers, Mary, 65. 
I Weaver, Florence B, 68; T. 11., G8. 
I Wegk.s, Gerhardt, 92. 
' Welch, Mildred, 46, 110: Wm., 4G. 

Weyerstrass, Johann J., 99. 
■ White, Mary, GO: Monroe, GG: Sallie. 
; 66. 

Wickhovius, Johannes, 98. 

Wigan. llev. P. F.. 4, 117. 

Will, Joannes. 98. 

WiUiams, J. T., 66: Eliza, HG. 
i Withers, Aileen, 68: Electra H.. 6S • 
Ella D.. C8: Joseph H., 68: Jose- 
phine. OS : Joyce D.. 68 : Kitty, 68 : 
Lucv, 68; Mariana, 68; Koger W., 
68 ; 'Sallie. 68 : Susan. 68. 

Woodcroft, Davy, 44; Elizabeth, 44. 

Woodfin. Eliza G., 75: Moses. 75. 
: Woodford. Bettie, 65. 
i Wright, Benjamin, 62 : Eliza, 62 : 
I Jack, 62 : James. 59 : Lucy, 62 : 
I Sarah, 62: Susan, 59. 
: Wriothesley. Hen., 44. 113, 117. 
; Wykeham-Martin, Cornwallis P., 5, 
I 118. 

Wylereman, Joens. 85. 

Yapp. George H., 118. 
; Yewell, Harrison, 76: Lucv E.. 76; 
; Sallie L., 76. 
; Zegeler. Niclais, 87. 
' Zoru, Garrett S., 56. 


About i5<.> paL^e.s ( including illustrations) ; bound in cloth. 
Published in September, 1900, by Gibson Pu-otliers, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Price $j per copy, scut postpaid. For copies 
address the editor and compiler, A. C. Ouisenberry, Inspector 
General's Office, Washington, D. C. Only 150 copies printed. 

Up to the time the last form went to press the following 
was the authorized 

Distribution of the U^ork. 

1. Mrs. F.oima Alioe Uiukl^ McKeiizio, T.nn. 
•2. Mrs. Emily C. Qui>>-i.l>eri y. WinoUe<^t. r. 

3. Waller Quiseuberry, Winchester. Ky. 

4. Mary Anderson Quist-nbcrry, V\ iiichester, 


5. David "SValler Qiiis.-uU-rry, Wiiicboster, 

f>. Cbas. C. Qui.'senberry, Wiucbester, Ky. 
7. E. Polk Jobnsou, Louisville. Ky. 
& Mrs. Garrett S. Zoru, Louisville, Ky. 
9. Colby B. Qnisenberry, Avon, Ky. 

10. Henry L. Quiseuberry, Hedges, Ky. 

11. R. D. Qnisenberry. Slater. Mo. 

12. Eobt. T. Qnisenberry, Danville. Ky. 

13. Miss Virginia Qnisenberry, Danville, Ky. 

14. Sam'l H. Raglaud, »\v York City, >'. V. 

15. Phil. Quisenb-rry, Santa Fe, Mo 

16. John K. Quiseuberry. Dauville, Ky. 

17. Kdward Mayes, Jackson, >riss. 
IS. E. B. Quiseuberry, Sedalia. Mo. 

19. Mrs. Sallie Q. Potts, San Francisco, Cal. 

20. Jesse L. Quiseuberry, Chicaifo, Ills. 

21. Mrs. O. M. Bourland, Van Buren, Ark. 

22. F. K. Carpenter, Denver, Col. 

23. C. V. Quisenberry. Lebauou, 

24. Roger E. Qnisenberry, Winchester. Ky. 

25. Joel T. Qnisenberry, Winchester. Ky. 
2e. James W. Poyiiter, Winchester, Ky. 

27. New York Public Library, New York City. 
28 Miss Jeunie F. Quisenberry, Calhoou, Ky. 

29. Arthur Quiseuberry. Lincoln, Ills. 

30. Thos. E Quisenbrrry. Si-ifer, Mo. 

31. Thos. M. Owen. Birumi-hain. Ala. 

32. W. M. Quaile, Ozark. Ark 

33. W M. Quaile. Ozark. Ark. 

.34. Col R. T. Durr-tt, Louisville, Ky. 
3.->. Geo. W. Moutafrne, Holyoke, Mass. 

30. A. C. Quisenberry, "Washington, D. C. 

37. Mrs. CorinuaB. Qnisenberry. 'Washington, 

D. C 
?8. Adelaide C. Quiseuberry, Washington, 

D. C. 
30 Jas. Francis Qniseuberrv, Washiugion. 

D. C. 
4i». CoUjy B. Quist-nberry, Washington, D. C^ 

41. Floreuce E. Quisenberry, Washington, 

D. C. 

42. Mrs Enuna May McDonald, McKenzie, 


43. Gen. J. C. Breckinridge, Ma.-hingtou.D. C. 

44. J. M. Cowper, Canterbury, Euglacd. 

45. A. F. Brooiuhall, Troy, Ohio. 

46 Dr. B. Buuuemeyer. Washington, D. C. 

47. Virginia Historical Society, Bichinond, Va. 

4s. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Va. 

4y. Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsburg. Va. 

50. New England Historic-Genealogical Soci- 
ety, Boston, Ma.s3. 

ol. Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. 

52. Library of the British IMuscum, London. 

.'3. Herald's College, London, England. 

54. Rev. A. P. Morris, Leeds, Kent, England. 

55. Miss Phillis C. Brovu, Leeds. Kent, Eng- 

51;. .Museum and Library, Maidstoue, England. 
57. Kentucky State Library. Le.xington, Ky. 
•"is. Lexington Library, L<-xington, Ky. 
59. Polytechnic Society of Ky., Louisville 
GO. Stadt-.Archiv, Cologne, Germany. 

61. Koenigl-Archiv, Dusseldorf, Germany. 

62. Joel Muosell's Sons, .Albany, N. V 

63. A. C. Quiseuberry, Washington, D. C. 
fit. J. M. Quisenberry. Ewingtou. Kj-. 

f5. Mi-s. Emma L. Taylor, Centreville. Md. 



.•fc Ji J' 

SOMirriMI' nn officer of the RevoUilioiinry Army; Member for tlie District of 
Kentucky of the Virginia Convention (17SS) which adopted tlie Federal Consti- 
tution; Menilier from Fayette County, Ky., of one or more of the conventions at 
Danville looking to the erection of Kentucky into a separate State; several times a 
member of the Kentucky Legislature; Senator in Congress from 170^ to iSoi ; author 
of an History of Kentucky, etc., etc., etc. 


Bound in cloth, 14; pages. Printed by The Sun Publishing Co., Winchester, 
Ky., iNu2. Price, $2.;o. Four hundred copies were printed of which a few 
remain unsold. For copies atldress, 


Inspector Gkneral's Oi-fich, 

Washington, D. C. 

Or The Sun Publishing Co., Winchester, Ky. 





Compiled and Edited Mainly by 

Bound in blue and white cloth (the Society's colors) and also in paper covers. 

Published 1S06 bv John P. Morton & Co., Louisville, Ky.; Robt. Clarke & Co., 
Cincinnati, Ohio; A.'C, McClurg cS: Co., Chicago, 111.; J. L! Boland, St. Louis, Mo. 
Price, cloth, $2.^0; paper, 82.00, A large edition was published, and copies may 
still be had by addressing either of the above publishers. 

The work contains a list of the officers, non-commissioned ot'ticers and privates to 
whom were granted land warrants by the State of Virginia for services in the 
Revolutionary War. Also a list of the officers, non-commissioned ofllcers and 
sailors of the Virginia navy during t!ie Revolutionary War. Also, a list of the 
officers, non-commissioned otficers and privates who served in " tiie Illinois 
Campaign," 1779-80, under Gen. George Rogers Clark. Also a roll of the citizens of 
Kentucky who drew pensions for services in the Revolutionary War — comprising 
altogether more than six thousand names. 

" / thiJik- C7-,-) y iitiiii -,voulil like to come oj an anri'enl and IionouttihJc 
race. . . . As voie like your fatlier to he cm honoiirdhle man, v:hy not yon.) 
grandfuthe), n:,d /.■is ancestors before liim .^"- Colonel Xkwcomk. 






By Anderson Chenault Quisenberry 

204 Paiges, bound in cloth. Printed by Hartman & Cadick. 
Washington, D. C.. 1897. 


Only 120 copies of this book were printed, of which all but 
3 copies have been disposed of These may be had on application 
to A. C. Cluisenberrv. Inspector General's Office. Washington. 
D. C. Messrs. Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany. N. Y., also have 
some copies to sell. 

The Foltowmg- is ihc Distrfbtttion of the Work 


Uritish Museum, Lon.loii. l^'iiKland. 
Congrc'ssi-nal Library, Wiivhin^'lou. D. C. (2) 
Daughters Amtrican Revolution, Wash. I). C 
Kentucky State Library, Frankfort, Ky. 
I.cxiuglcu Library, Lexington, Ky. 
^L'lidstoue Library, JlaicLstone, England. 
New England Historic-Genealogical Society, 

Minnesota Historiral S ^ci.'ty, St.l'.iiil, Mimi. 
New York library (.\htor>, \>nv Vnvk, N. V. 
New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 
Penusyhauia State Llbiary, Harnsburg, I'a. 
Virginia Historical Society, Kiclmjond, Va. 
Virginia State Library, llicliinond, Va. 
Wisconsin State nistorical Society, Madison, 

Mrs. >raria L. B;irry, Gallatin, Tenn. 
Mrs. Lucy Barry, Gallatin, Tenn. 
Judge W. M. B-ckuer, Winchester, Ky. 
Hon. Jobn Bennett, ]{ichmond, Ky. 
Henry L. Broomall, Media, Pa. 
Addison F. Broomhall, Troy, oliio. 
Frank S. Brooinliall, Wilmin;;;tou, Ohio. 
Thos. W Broomhall, Spencer Station, Ohio. 
Mrs. Edith B. Bnsch, St. Louis, Mo. 
Capt. W. N. Bush, Allen, Texas. 
Prof. Jos. J. Casey, New York, N. Y. 
Hon. A. T. Chenanlt. Richmond, Ky. CJ). 

E. K. Cheuault, Fourche Dam, Ark. 
Jndge Jobn C. ChenauU, Richmond, Ky. 
John S. Chenault, White Hall, Ky. 
Millard F. ChenauU, Gallatin, Tenn. 
Milton W.Chenault, Castalian Springs, Tenn. 
Overton H. CLecauIt, Lexington, Ky. 

Mrs. Sallie G. H. Ch-nault, Richmond, Ky. 
Stephen Cheuault, Orange, Texas. 
Judge Wni. Chenault, Richmond, Ky. 
W. B. Clark & Co., Boston, Mass. 
Mrs. Anna R. des f'oguets, Lexington, Ky. 
J. :M. Cowper, Cuntirbury. England. 
Lionel Cres«well, Leeds, England. 
Col. R. T. Durrett, Louisville, Ky. 
Mrs. Polly A. Elkin, Elkin, Ky. 
1!. R. Finkle, Bath, Ontario, Canada. 
Surg. Jas. K. Gardn-^r, U. 3. N., Cambridge, 

Miss Lucretia Gildersieeve,Kiugston.CanaiIa. 
Dr. A. G. Griuuan, Madi.son ilills, Va. 
Mrs. Julia J. Gurley. Dallas, Texas. 
Mrs. Caroline E. Havens, Detroit, Mich. 
Mrs. Alice Hinkle. McKcnzie, Tenn. 
James Marvin Hiukle, Waco, Texas. 

F. Bush Hodgkin, Winchester, Ky. 
Miss Corinna Hunt, Wilmington, Ohio. 
Hon. E. Polk Johjison, Louisville, Ky. 
Geo. E. Liltletivld, Boston, Mass. 
Mrs. .Mariii C N Lyl.-. Lexington. Ky. 
Mr.-;. Eni'ua McCord, SVim^hester, Ky. 
Mrs. G. B. McKarland, Jetrer.=on City, Mo. 
Hon. Edward :\layes, .laeksou, ISIiss. 

Mitchell & Hughes, London, England. 
Geo. W. Montague, Holyoke, Mass. 
Rev. A. P. Morris, I^eds, Kent, England. 
Joel Mun.-,e!l's Sons, Albany, N. Y. (IC). 
Mrs. Mattie 0. Nash, New Rochelle, N. Y. 
Mr.s. Ellen P. O'Brien, Beaumont, Tex;ia. 
Thos. M. Owen. Birmingham, Ala. 
Mrs. Sallie Q. Potts, San Francisco. Cal. 
I. M. Quesenberry, Danville, Ky. 
Jos. L. Quesenberry, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Mrs. Bessie G. Quesenburv, Van Buren, 

Adelaide C. Quisenberry, Washington, D. C. 
Anderson C. Quisenberry, Wash.. D. CV (2;. 
Arthur Quisenberry, Linfoln, III. 
Arthur T. Quisenberry, >pringfield, Mo. 
Colby B. Quisenberry, Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. Corinna B. Quisenb>-rry. Wash.. D. C. 
E. B. Quisenberry, Sedalia, Mo. 
Mrs. Emily C. Quisenberry, Winchester, Ky. 
Florence Emily Quisenberry. Wa=h., D. C. 
George H. Quis-uberry, Atlanta, 111. 
Jas. Francis QnisenbeiTv, Washington. D. C. 
Jesse L. Quisenberry. Chicago, 111. 
John \. Quisenberry, Danville, Ky. 
Philip Quisenberry, Santa Fe, Mo. 
R. D. Quisenberry, Slater, Mo. 
Root. T. Quisenberry. Danville. Ky. 
R. M. Quisenberry, JIcKiuu' y, Ti.-xa.s. 
T. E. Quisenberry, Slater, Mo. 
Miss Virginia Quisenberry. D.iuvij;. , Ky. 
Waller Quisenberry, Winch, ster, Ky. 
Wm. P. Quisenberry. Mexico, Mo. 
Saml. H. Ragland, Kansas City, Mo. 
Dr. C. R. Shinault, Heh ua. Ark. 
Wm. Shinault, Coinjock, N. C. 
Mrs. L. Sinclair. Walktrton, Canada. 
Mrs. Bertha T. Snidrr, l;och(.ster, N. Y. 
Hon. Thos. Speed, Loui.svillo, Ky. 
Mrs. Emma L. Taylor. Laukford, Md. 
Prof. Lyon G. Tyler, Williamsbiirg, Va. 
Dr. W. W. Walker, Schuleuburg, Te.xa.-i. 
Mrs Joyce I). Withers, Mexico. Mo. Sallie L. Vewrll, Owcnsboro', Ky. 

Bv St\tf.s, Etc.— Alabama, 1 ; Arkansas, 3; Califoniia. 1 : Canada,:!; District of Coinuibia. 
10; England, '■, : Illinois,:!; Kentucky, l'C; Maryland, 1 ; Massa.-hus<tta. .->: .Mich.igan, 1 ; .Min- 
nesota, 1 ; .Mis-^!s.sii)p!. 1 : Missouri, 10; New York, -'2; North e'arolina, 1 ; Ohio, 4 ; Pcnusjlvania, 
•-•; Tennes.M.e, ; Trxa.s, 6 ; Virginia, 4; Wi-sconsiu, 1. Total, 117.