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Historical Sketches, 


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Bequest of 

Frederic Bancroft 









lawrence, mass. : 
American Printing House. 


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On Wednesday, March 26, 1884, the portraits of Dr. An- 
derson, y.lvs. Newell and Mrs. Judson were formally presented 
to Bradford .Vcadeniy. The occasion called togetlier a large 
audience, including many distingaished friends of the school 
from Boston and other leadin^• cities and towns in New Enof- 
land. The portrait of Dr. Anderson, who was for many years 
President of the Board of Trustees, was the gift of ^Ir. El- 
hridge G. Wood and Mr. John L. Hobson, of Haverhill. 
Mrs. Judson's portrait was given by the pupils of the Acade- 
my for the year 1883. The portrait of Harriet Newell was 
given by Mrs. Mar}^ F. Ames, of Haverhill, in behalf of the 
Center Congregational Church in that city. 


There are some duties from which one may shrink, though 
it is very pleasant to perform them. Such a duty is that 
now before me. I call it a '-duty," because I perform it at 
the request of two of my respected parishioners,* whose wish 
(in such a matter,) has, for me, the force of law. 

*M.^ss^.s. E. O. Wood, ami ,T. L. nobsori. 


As all present are aware, my part in these exercises, is the 
presentation (on behalf of the gentlemen referred to,) of this 
beautiful jiortrait of the Rev. Dr. Rufus Anderson, to the 
Trustees of this Academy, henceforth to occnpy a prominent 
position in this spacious and elegant chapel. 

I shrink from the service, because it could be performed 
so much more hap[)ily and profitably by others ; and I am 
pleased to perform it, because, in the circumstances, the plac- 
ing of this picture on its walls, is a high honor to this Acade- 
my, and is a fitting tribute of respect to him who was once 
fi pupil, and of its late President. It is also a happy coinci- 
dence that the Institution is located in this good old town 
of Bradford, in which the American Board of Commission- 
ers for Foreign Missions was formed, at a meeting of the 
Massachusetts General Conference, .in June, 1813. 

The Rev. Dr. Anderson was born Aug. 17, 1796, at North 
Yarmouth, Me., where his father, Avhose name he bore, was 
pastor of the 2nd Cong'l Church. In 1305, his father re- 
moved from North Yarmouth and became pastor of the Cong'l 
Church at Wenham ; and, as Bradford Academ}' was then 
a school for both sexes, the young Anderson became one of 
its pupils. He entered Bowdoin College, (of which his father 
was a Trustee,) in 1814. By the students he was chosen 
President of the leading Literary Societv', the highest honor 
they could give him ; and after sustaining a high rank in 
his class, he graduated in 1818. 

His father, like some other ministers of the Congregational 
Churches, had become deeply interested in the unevangelized 
nations ; and the son, (being somewhat imbued with his 
father's sentiments,) chose for his graduating oration, the al- 
most prophetic theme, " The probable improvement of 


He then entered Andover Seminary, where circumstances 
gave shape to his future career. He here became especially 

*A graduating oration on a kindred theme had been deUvered by Rev. Samuel 
Nott at Union College in 1811, and Mr. Xott preached the iirst Missionary Ser- 
mon that same year at Worcester. He was also one of the first missionaries to 
India. Mhither he Avent in Feb., 1812. 


intimate with William Goodell and Daniel Temple, two men 
who, like himself subsec^ucntly were distinguished for their 
labors in the cause of missions. f 

When he had completed his second seminary year, he was 
invited by Mr. Jeremiah Evarts, Corresponding Secretary and 
Treasurer of the American Board, to assist him for a time 
in the missionary rooms in Boston, and he spent the vaca- 
tion in so doing. 

While in the midst of his studies of the third year, he re- 
ceived and accepted a similar invitation ; and as jNIr. Evarts 
had to go south on account of his health, the Secretary's 
duties fell upon Mr. Anderson, who, nevertheless, after Mr. 
Evarts' return, went back to Andover and graduated with 
his class when he was 26 years of age. lie now was ap- 
2)ointed Assistant Secretary of the Board, and ten years sub- 
sec|uently became its Corresponding Secretary. This latter 
office he continued to hold for 34 years, when, after 44 years 
of continu(uis service, he concluded that the labors of his 
office should fall into younger and more vigorous hands. 

He did not withdraw entirely from the cause which, for so 
long a time, had been the object of his tlioughts, cares and 
anxieties, but occupied his closing years chiefly in occasional 
lectures, especially to young men in Theological Seminaries, 
in writing histories of missions (for which no one was better 
qualified) and in other literary work on behalf of the Board. 

During these lattei' years, he was invited to take the Pres- 
idency of Bradford Academy, and from his knowledge of its 
early and subsequent connection with the cause of missions, 
and with the desire to promote more intimate relations be- 
tween this institution and the great cause which lay so near 

1 We learn fioin a manuscript sketcli of Dr. AikUtsoii, by llev. Ur. Donis 
f'larke. that there was "at that time in th(! Seminary, a galaxy of foreign mis- 
sionaries of greater lunnher an>l sjilemlor than jterhaps has ever graced that 
beautifnl hill. Ix'fore or since. Among them, were such men as .Jonas King. 
Hiram Hingham. Asa Thurston. Daniel Temple, William Uoodell. Isaac Dird, 
anil William liichards. 

Dr. {'larke also informs us that " for some time during his residence at \n- 
dover. Dr. Anderson very seriously entertained the idea of devoting himself i)er- 
soually to the work of foreign missions, as a missionary in some foreign laud." 


his heart, he accepted ; and to his influence in connection 
with that of other open handed and Lirge hearted friends of 
this school is to be attributed tlie uprearing of these walls, 
the dedication of the building, free from debt, and the de- 
velopment of its scholastic character till it stands one of the 
foremost seminaries for young ladies in all the land. 

Such is a simple statement of the facts in his career. If 
we consider the peculiar nature of his life work, its aims, 
its extent, the manner of its performance and the spirit with 
which he pursued it, we shall be convinced that he occu- 
pied a place among the foremost minds of his day and gen- 

Like the statesman, it was his aim to act on his fellow 
men in such a manner as to improve their condition and 
their prospects. Like the best statesmen he rose above per- 
sonal ambition and selfishness of every kind and degree. 
While the true statesman contemplates the welfare of his 
entire people,, occasionally some measure which he advocates, 
projects its benificent influence beyond the boundaries of his 
own land. But no mere statesman, not even the greatest, 
ever imagined it to be his proper aim to attempt the im- 
provement of the entire human race. It was reserved for 
those who sustain and those who manage the affairs of the 
great missionary societies to adopt this aim, and into this 
work, wliich contemplates the intellectual, moral and religious 
improvement of all nations, all tribes, all of human kind, 
— it was the lot of our noble friend to enter. 

When he became Assistant Secretary of the American 
Board in 1822, it had but 7 missions, the oldest of tliem 
having been established but eight years. It had but 2i or- 
dained missionaries, and the receipts for the year were but 
sixLy-one thousand (01,000) dollars. During Dr. Anderson's 
secretaryship, the seven missions increased to twenty, em- 
bracing one hundred stations, and two hundred and forty out- 
stations, occupied by native helpers. A native ministry 
(which was first called into the service four years after he 


became Assistant Secretaiy) numbered at liis resignation more 
than three hundred, of whom, more than sixty were pastors 
of churches. The mission churclies numbered almost two 
hundred, and more tlian sixty thousand members had been 
received into these churches. 

Tlie receipts meanwliile had risen from sixty-one thousand 
dolhirs to five hundred and thirty-J'our thousand dollars per 
annum, when he resigned. 

This however, is but a partial statement of what had been 
done. When he took the Secretary's office, the greater part 
of the heathen world, such as Western Asia, India, Burmah, 
China with their six hund7'ed millions of souls were closed 
against missionary operations, but when he withdrew from 
office they were all accessible to the gospel. An immense 
preparation had also been made for the spiritual conquest of 
those countries in the knowledge gained of their populations 
and their languages, in the materials made ready for the 
warfare, in the varied missionary organizations in tlie skill 
and confidence Avhich had been gained, and which are so 
needful in the conflict, and in the apprehension which so 
'jf.enerallv exists among the heathen themselves, that the mis- 
sions are to be successful. 

Such had been the progress of the American Board and 
other missionary societies, that Dr. Anderson at his resigna- 
tion expressed himself as follows : " Never have I had 
stronger assurance than now of the idtimate triumph of the 
missionar}' cause. Its progress seems to me to be as certain 
as that of trade, or knowledge, or freedom of thought and 
action. With the world open to evangelical effort as it never 
was before, the truly evangelical churches will be less and 
less able to disregard the spiritually benighted nations." 

Such is his story, and it is not too much to say that, con- 
sidered in the highest and broadest sense, he occupies a lofty 
and honorable position among the most distinguished men 
whose names grace our national history. Best of all, he did 
not seek, and apparently did not think of gaining honor or 


fame, but solely of promoting the good of mankind and the 
glory of God, 

It is well therefore that his portrait should be placed in 
this hall, that those who shall successively occupy these seats, 
as the years roll by, may be reminded of the man, of the 
great ends he sought in life — of the manner in wliich he 
achieved them — of his relations to and interest in this in- 
stitution, and of his desire that its members should intelli- 
gently and heartily identify themselves with the cause to which 
his life was devoted — a cause which in the grandeur of its 
ideas, in the comprehensiveness of its aims, and in the rad- 
ical and blessed nature of its effects, is the sublimest move- 
ment on the face of the earth. 


"When'er a noble deed is wrought, 
Wlien'ei- irj spoken a noble thought, 
Our souls iu glad surprise 
To higher levels rise." 

And our souls to-day, Mr. President, rise to higher levels 
under the inspiration of this sentiment of the poet. Seventy- 
two years ago, in the little village of Haverhill, on the other 
side of the Merrimack, a beautiful young woman, nineteen 
3^ears of age, consecrated her life to the work of foreign 
missions. This determination so full of novelty, so tinged 
with the ideal of romantic adventure, was a mystery to her 
youthfid companions, and many of the savants of the village 
shook their heads in grave doubt as to the results of an en- 
terprise that promised so little. But Harriet Atwood had 
made up her mind to a high resolve. When she gave 
her life to the service of Christ in her conversion, it was no 
unmeaning ceremony. It meant anything and anywhere with 
the Divine Master for a leader, and He who came not to be 





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ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life, was 
to her a complete pattern and guide. 

In the ancestral home, and in the village cluircli in Ilaver^ 
hill, she had learned the story of the; cross. From that little 
band of devout and earnest men, gathered in the old meet- 
ing house at the foot of this hill she heard the cry of dis- 
tress from far off lands : from the pious teachers of this 
time-honored Academy, she imbibed the missionary spirit ; 
her jiurpose became strengthened, she jf)ined her life Avith 
the life of Samuel Newell, and henceforth Harriet Newell 
stands before the world as one of the pioneers in the work 
of American foreign missions. 

Companion-saint with her, who shares with thee, 
Tlie ( 'hristian wreath of immortality ! 

Among her private papers we find the following record, 
bearing date, Aug. 27, 1801> : " When 1 entered my thirteenth 
year, I was sent by my parents to the Academy at Brad- 
ford. A revival of religion commenced in the neighborhood^ 
which in a short time spread into the school. A large num- 
ber of the 3'oung ladies were anxiously inquiring what tliey 
should do to inherit eternal life. I began to inquire what, 
these things meant. My attention was solemnly called to the 
concerns of my immortal soul. My convictions were not as 
pungent and distressing as many have had, but they were 
of long continuance. It was more than three months before 
I was brought to cast my soul on the Saviour of sinners, 
and rely on Him for salvation. The ecstasies which many 
new born souls possess were not mine, but I was filled Aviili 
a sweet peace, a heavenly calmness, which I never can de- 
scribe. The character of Jesus appeared infinitely lovely, 
and I could say with the Psalmist, ' Whom have I in heaven 
but Thee, and there is none on earth I desire but Thee.' " 

Under date of March 1, 1811, occurs this ^ Devotion,'* 
breatliing the spirit of St. Augustine : " Father of lights, it 
is the office of Thy spirit to create holy exercises in the 
hearts of Thy creatures. Oh, may I enter upon this month 


■with renewed resolutions to devote myself exclusively to Thee, 
that at its close I may not sigh ovei- misspent hours." 

And after she liad decided to give her life to the work of 
foreign missions, in a letter to an intimate friend, just before 
slie left her native land forever, she writes : "' The glorious 
morn of the millennium hastens. With an eye of faith we 
pass the mountains tiiat now obstruct the universal spread of 
the gospel, and behold with joy unspeakable ihe beginning 
of a cloudless day, the reign of peace and love. Shall we 
be content to live indolent, inactive lives, and not assist in 
the great revolution about to be effected in this world of 
sin? Let worldly ease be sacrificed; let a life of self-denial 
and hardships be welcome to us, if the cause of God may 
thereby be most promoted and sinners most likely to be 

Short, indeed, was her career. Within a twelvemonth she 
fell a victim to disease, and after many severe hardships, and 
much suffering, she found a grave in the distant Isle of 
P^ ranee, before the work of her mission was hardly begun. 
From a worldly standpoint, her career would be accounted a 
failure. But, oh, what an impulse did her sweet young life 
give to the great cause of Christian missions I How did her 
example inspire faith and courage in many timid and doubt- 
ing souls ! How has her name come down through the gen- 
erations as a talisman to every b.eroic Christian heart ! How, 
under its glowing beauty, has woman given up the allure- 
ments of liome and friends and joined the noble army whose 
banners now stream in every clime I Such a life is not in 
vain. It is perpetuated in a long line of faithful followers, 
whose paths " shine more and more unto the perfect day." 

We have before us to-day, a touching illustration of the 
power of this young life in moulding and shaping Christian 
character. When the memoirs of Harriet Newell were pub- 
lished, shortly after her death, they fell into the hands of a 
young girl who was deeply impressed b}' the example of 
sacrifice and self-consecration set forth in the little volume. 


Her life, too, was consecmted to the blessed work of minis- 
tration, presented to us, in beautiful symmetry, the dignity 
of ti'ue womanhood. This little book was fondly cherished 
by this devout woman, wh.), as the wife of the late Dr. 
Doriis Clarke, became eminent in that faithful band of Chris- 
tian workers whose pi-aise is in all the churches. Her daugh- 
ter, ]Mis. Hammond, of Boston, presents this precious souve- 
nir to the library of this Academy, to be preserved among 
its choice treasui'es. 

It is most fitting that Bradford Academy should recognize 
such a character as that of Harriet Xewell, for it is but an 
outgrowth of the svstem of instruction that has marked the 
history of this school from its earliest inception to the present 
time. It is here that the great lesson of ministration and 
sacrifice has been persistently and faithfully taught. It is 
here where pious teachers have given a divine impulse to 
many a youthful heart that has borne tlie fruit of a noble 
life, not only in the higher places of the world, but also 

■■ In the calm and quiet Avays * 

Of unobtrusive goodness known." 

And so, Mr. President, this graceful memorial which we 
present here to-day, has been furnished by one whose interest 
in this school has been unremitting ; whose eail\- life came un- 
der the influence of its instruction, and whose services in 
later years as a member of the board of visitors have been 
highly valued by the Trustees. She gives it to this school 
in behalf of the Center Congregational Church in Haverhill, 
which has been for generations the religious home of an hon- 
ored ancestry ; that church whose early annals, under another 
title, bore the name of Harriet Atwood. Receive it, sir, 
as a symbol of devotion to a high and holy principle. • May 
it take its place upon these walls beside the portraits of other 
notable characters whose fame has added dignity to this in- 

And as the pupils who are here before us to-day, and those 
who shall gather here in the coming years, look ui)on the 


girlish 'face, so faithfully delineated by the artist, and learn 

the touching story that it lepresents, may they receive the 

inspiration set forth b\' one of our poets, and sa}' : 

" Yet all may win the triumphs thou hast won. 
Still flows the fount whose waters strengthen thee. 

The victor's names are all too few to till 
Heaven's mighty roll ; the glorious armory 

That ministered to thee, is open still!" 


Mk. President and Friends: 

The young ladies of the Academy, who present the portrait 
of Mrs. Judson, have assigned to me the honor of speaking 
in their behalf, with the request that some delineation of the 
life and character of this remarkable woman might be given 
on this occasion. 

Ann Hasseltine Judson was the daughter of John and Re- 
becca Hasseltine, and was born in Bradford, Dec. 22, 1789, 
four years before Harriet Newell, and seven years before Ru- 
fus Anderson. It is interesting to remember that only a few 
weeks before her birth, General Washington passed through 
Haverhill and Bradford on his famous tour through New 
England in the first year of his administration as President 
of the United States. 

Ann, or Nancy Hasseltine, as she was originally called, 
was one of seven childi-en, and the youngest of four daugh- 
ters. The sons died in youth or early manhood, but the 
daughters who were all educated at this Academy, lived to 
be distinguished women in the various stations in life to 
which they were called. The eldest, Rebecca, married the 
Rev. Joseph Emerson of Beverly, afterwards with his wife 
in charge of the well known school at Byfield, where Mary 
Lyon was trained. The second, Mary, was also a success- 
ful teacher, though preferring a retired life. Alwaj's the most 


delicate member of the faiaily in health, she yet outHved 
them all, and was known to many of us as a highly accom- 
plished and reiined woman. The next in order was Abigail, 
the beloved and honored preceptress of this institution for 
many happy years, whose genial face looks down upon us 
from yonder portrait, as if in grateful recognition of the gifts 
which bring again to her side these beloved companions of 
her youth. The fourth was our subject, Ann, the brilliant 
girl, the noble woman, the devoted missionaiy, whose por- 
trait is now unveiled before us. 

Surely here is honor enough for one family I Four such 
daughters shed lustre upon the name of Hasseltine, upon the 
school which nurtured them, and upon the town which they 
delighted to call their home. 

With the others, Ann passed her childhood on this hill 
under 'the inspiring influences of the natural features of the 
place which have since become dear to so nmny. She was 
one of the early pupils of the Academy, and was held in 
high esteem as a gifted and industrious scholar. Her asso- 
ciates found her an open-hearted, sincere and spirited com- 
panion, ever ready to engage in the recreations as well as in 
the studies of the school. One of her classmates speaks of 
her " cheerful countenance, her sweet smile, her happy dis- 
position, her keen wit, her lively conduct," which made her 
a great favorite among her companions. 

She says herself, in one of her private journals, that her 
life at this period was far too gay and careless ; and her 
conscience reproached her for neglecting many duties which 
she had been taught to perform. 

The first occasion of serious reflection appears to have 
been one Sunday morning, when she was about fifteen years 
of age. Just before going to church she accidentally took 
up Hannah Mere's work on Female Education, and the first 
words that caught her eye were : " She that liveth in pleas- 
tire is dead luhiie she liveth.^' These words, which were 
printed in italics, struck her, she says to the heart. She 


paused for a few moments, and felt that she would like to 
lead a different life, but then she thought that the words 
might not apply to her, and so she concluded to think no 
more about them. A few months later she read the Pilgrim's 
Progress, and became much interested in the stor}', so much 
so, indeed, that she resolved to begin a religious life ; but 
various hindrances of a social nature intervened, and it was 
not until the next year, 1806, that she experienced that rad- 
ical change of heart Mdiich brought her to the Savior's feet. 
I do not remember ever to have read a more thorough and 
convincing account of the emotions of the soul in turning 
to (xod than that which Miss Hasseltine has given in the 
pages of her journal, so full and so profound. Out of the 
darkness she came at last into the light, the light of the 
cross. Her torturing load of fears was gone, and gone for- 
ever ; and she found peace and even rapture in the contem- 
plation of the Savior who had taken away her sin. 

The quality of her mind may be inferred from the char- 
acter of the books which she read at this period with the 
greatesli eagerness. The Scriptures, with such commentaries 
as Guise, Orton and Scott were her daily study ; and Ed- 
wards, Hopkins, Bellamy and Doddridge, became her favorite 

On the 14th of September, 1806, she, with one of her 
sisters united with the church in this town, then under min- 
istry of the Rev. Jonathan Allen. The other sisters joined 
the following year, a wide-spread interest in religion having 
been awakened under the earnest and helpful guidance of 
the principal, Mr. Bnrnham, a graduate of Dartmouth, and 
afterwards for nearly half a century, the honored pastor of 
the church in Pembroke, X. H. 

After leaving the Academy, Miss Hasseltine became a 
teacher in Haverhill, Salem and Newbur}-, but the event which 
determined her future tile was her meeting with Mr. Judson, 
during the sessions of the Massachusetts Association at Brad- 
ford, in June, 1810. Young Judson was a graduate of 


Brown, and had already taught school and published two 
text books, a grammar and an arithmetic. He was now in 
the last year of his studies at Andover, and his mind had 
become seriously occupied with a plan to carry the gospel to 
the heathen. At that time there was no organization in this 
country to support foreign missions, but the honor of insti- 
tuting one fell upon Bradford at this memorable meeting of 
the General Association, when in response to an appeal from 
four of the Andover students — Judson, Xott, Mills and 
Newell — an organization was effected which soon took the 
name of tlie American Board of Connnissioners for Foreign 
^lissions, a name which has since been carried into every 
quarter of the globe with the banner of the cross unfurled 
before the eyes of perishing millions. 

The deliberations continued several days, during which the 
members were the guests of the people of Bradford. Of 
course the hospitable home of Deacon Hasseltine would re- 
ceive its share ; and we are not surprised to find Mr. Judson 
there one day at dinner with some of the ministers. It is 
related that the youngest daughter, Ann, was waiting on the 
table, according to the old New England custom. Her at- 
tention was naturallv drawn to the voung student, whose 
bold missionary' projects were making such a stir ; and his 
attention, it seems, was somewhat diverted from his plate, 
althouo-h the fair attendant little imaojined that she had woven 
her spell about his young heart, and that he was at that very 
time composing a graceful sonnet in her praise. The ac- 
quaintance thus formed soon ripened into a mutual attach- 
ment, and led to ai; offer of marriage. To decide this ques- 
tion must have been, with her, no easy matter, for it involved 
the necessity of exile from home and country, and the proba- 
bilily of great sufferings in unknown lands beyond the sea. 
"We do not wonder that she hesitated. Her education, her 
temperament, her social affinities, all (qualified her to fill some 
place of honor and usefulness at home. No missionary had 
yet gone from this country into foreigns parts, and no woman 


had thought of it, except perhaps Harriet Atwood, to whom 
the same grave question was at this time submitted. No one 
dared advise her to go, such were the uncertainties of tlie 
enterprise ; and yet no one coukl persuade her to stay, so 
great was the fascination which the work had for her. It 
cannot be said that her decision was the result of a romantic 
or adventurous spirit, for both she and Mr. Judson had 
cahnly and deliberately estimated the difficulties and perils 
that were before them. This appears in his manh' letter to 
her parents, asking for their consent to the marriage. When 
the matter was finally decided, there was on her part no 
misgiving, no regret. " I am not only willing," she writes 
in her journal, " to spend my days among the heathen, in 
attempting to enlighten and save them, but I find much 
pleasure in the prospect. Yes I think I would rather go to 
India, notwithstanding the almost insurmountable difficulties 
in the way, than to stay at home and enjoy the comforts and 
luxuries of life. * * u Behold the handmaid of the 
Lord: he it unto me according to thy wordy 

They were married on the 5th of February, 1812, by Mr. 
Allen, who also preached a sermon on the occasion, from 
John XI : 52, tenderi}* addressing the young missionaries as 
" my dear children " and closing the service witli an original 
hymn of his own which was sung by the large congregation. 
The first stanza will show us the character of this interest- 
ing hymn : — 

Go, ye heralds of salvation; 

Go, and preach in heathen lands; 
Publish loud to every nation 

AVhat the Lord of Life commands. 
Go, ye sisters, their companions, 

Soothe their cares, and wipe their tears. 
Angels shall in bright battalions 

Guide your steps and guard your fears. 

Mr. Newell and Miss Atwood were present on this occa- 
sion, and were married four days later. On the Gth of Feb- 
ruary, the ordination took place in the Tabernacle Church 
at Salem, and on the 19th, Mr. and Mrs. Judson, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Newell embarked in the brig Caravan^ bound for 


Their chosen work was before them, beckoning them on 
with its animating promise ; and their hearts were set upon 
it more and more, but the parting was an ordeal of peculiar 
sadness, because they expected never to return ; " My heart 
bleeds " writes Mrs. Judson in her journal that night, after 
taking leave of her friends. " O, America, my native land, 
must I leave thee ? must I leave my parents, my sisters and 
brother, my fiiends beloved, and all the scenes of niy early 
youth ? must I leave thee, Bradford, my dear native town, 
where I spent the pleasant years of childhood ; where I learned 
to lisj) the name of mother ; where my infant mind first began 
to expand ; where I first entered the field of science ; where- 
I learned the endearments of friendship, and tasted of all 
the happiness this world can afford ; where I learned also to 
value a Saviour's blood, and to count all things but loss in 
comparison with the knowledge of Him. * * * * 
"Farewell, happy, happy scenes, but never, no, never to be 

After a voyage of four months, the}^ arrived in Calcutta 
where they were cordially welcomed by Dr. Gary, who in- 
vited them to the English Baptist Mission at Serampore, a 
few miles up the river. While there, they were led to adopt 
Baptist principles, an event which providentially resulted in 
the establishment of the Burman Mission, and an appeal to the 
Baptist Churches in America to form an organization for the 
support of Foreign Missions. The policy of the East India 
Company was at that time hostile to missionary operations, 
and our friends were peremptorily ordered to leave the country. 
The Newells went first, and after many vexatious delays, the 
Judsons arrived at the Isle of France, only to receive the 
startling tidings of the death of Mrs. Newell a few weeks 
before. " O what news, what distressing news ! " writes Mrs. 
Judson. " Harriet is dead. Harriet my dear friend, my 
earliest associate in the mission is no more. O death I 
* * * Could not this infant mission be shielded 

from thy shaft ? But thou hast only executed the commis- 


sion of a higher power. * * * Thou wast sent 

by a kind Father to release His child from toil and pain. 
Be still, then, my heart, and know tliat God hath done it." 

The hostility of the government fo'dowed them here, and 
they sailed for Madras, where however, they were doomed 
to fresh disappointment ; and finding no vessel bound for any 
other place, they took an unseaworthy craft for Rangoon, 
the chief port of Burmah, thirty miles from the sea, on one 
of the outlets of the Irrawaddy. The Iiealth of Mrs. Judson 
had suffered from such constant changes and hardships, so 
she was scarcely able to land. She was borne upon the shoul- 
ders of the natives, and as they passed along, crowds of peo- 
ple gathered fiom curiosity to see this strange looking white 
woman in European dress. 

Here at last they found a resting place where they were 
permitted to stay. But their real difficulties were only just 
begun. How could they attempt to evangelize a people whose 
language they knew nothing of ? And how v/ere they to 
learn it ? There was no grammar, no dictionary, and not 
even an interpreter to help them. But they had not come 
across the seas at such a sacrifice, and on such an errand to 
be thwarted b}^ obstacles which courage and perseverance 
might overcome. And so they bravely grappled with the 
difficulty, and at last they conquered it. It took them three 
long years to do it, but they were rewarded for their pains 
an hundred fold in the oral message, the christian literature, 
and the sacred Scriptures which they were afterwards able 
to give the Empire of Burmah. 

In 1815, their second child was born, and honored with 
the name of Roger Williams. Their first child slept be- 
neath the waters of the Bay of Bengal, a victim of the in- 
tolerance of the East India Company which drove the mis- 
sionaries away from the soil of India. And now after a short 
life of eight months, the little blue-eyed Roger sickened and 
died, and was buried in the garden of the mission. The wife 
of the Viceroy, hearing of the death of the child, came to 


pay its mother a visit of condolence, accompanied by her 
officers of state, and attendants, in all about two hundred 
persons. An opportunity was thus afforded, even by this sad 
bereavement, to cultivate a more intimate acquaintance with 
the Burman people. The Viceroy also showed a kindly spirit 
by sending the missionaries an elephant, occasionally, to ac- 
company them in their excursions. 

Mr. Judson commenced preaching in 1819, in a building 
erected for the purpose, called a Zayat. Shortly after, the 
first Burman convert was baptized, and a few months later, 
two others. Thus after a wearisome labor of six years in 
preparing the foundations, the first living stones were at last 
laid for the spiritual temple which was to be erected to the 
glory of God in that heathen land. 

In all the work of the mission, Mrs. Judson was a genuine 
help-meet to her husband. She not only managed the do- 
mestic affairs of the home, but she taught the Burmese wo- 
men and children, besides writing tracts, and assisting in the 
translation of the Bible, being herself an apt scholar in the 
language, and commanding her time with marvellous ability 
and wisdom. 

These exhausting labors, however, proved too much for 
her health, and she was advised to visit India for a change. 
Mr. Judson accompanied her, and several months were spent 
at Serampore, where the kindness of friends, and the much- 
needed rest secured such beneficial results, that they returned 
to Rangoon with new hope. It was not long however, be- 
fore they were both attacked by a violent fever, which left 
Mrs. Judson in such a precarious condition that it was deemed 
necessar}- for her to have an entire change of climate. Ac- 
cordingly it was arranged that she should visit America ; and 
for this purpose she sailed for Calcutta, where some English 
friends offered lier a free passage to England. The voyage 
proved advantageous, and on her arrival she was hospitably 
received in London, as the guest of Joseph Butterworth, Esq., 
M. P., at wliose house she met many distinguished christians 


and philanthropists, including Wilberforce, Babington and 
Sumner, the chaplain to George IV, who liad just come to 
the throne. She afterwards visited Cheltenham for the sake 
of the waters, and then accepted pressing invitations from 
friends in Scotland, to whom she became sincerely attached 
through their social courtesies and valuable gifts. 

In August, 1822, she embarked for America, several Liv- 
erpool ladies defraying the expenses of her passage, and es- 
corting her some distance out of port. She arrived in New 
York on the 25th of September, and proceeded first to Phil- 
adelphia to confer with the officers of the Missionary Society. 
She then came to Bradford, intending to pass the winter here ; 
hut the excitement occasioned by visiting the scenes and 
friends of her childhood, and the constant demands upon her 
strength, added to the trying effect of the weather upon a 
constitution accustomed to a tropical climate, compelled her, 
after an experiment of six weeks, to change her purpose 
.and spend the winter farther south. A brother of Mr. Jud- 
son was at that time a physician under the government, and 
.station at Baltimore. By his advice she decided to locate in 
that city and take a systematic course of medical treatment. 
Excluding herself from society almost altogether, she followed 
with scrupulous care the orders of her physician, giving her 
leisure time to her extensive correspondence and to her prep- 
aration of a History of the Burman Mission, which was soon 
.after published both in this country and England. Dr. 
Wayland, who made Mrs. Judson's acquaintance during her 
visit to the United States, has thus described her : " I do 
not remember ever to have met a more remarkable woman. 
To great clearness of intellect, large powers of comprehen- 
;sion, and intuitive female sagacity, * * she added that 
heroic disinterestedness which naturally loses all conscious- 
ness of self in the prosecution of a great object. These el- 
•ements, however, were all held in reserve and were hidden 
from public view by a veil of unusual feminine delicacy. 
* * * When I saw her, her complexion bore that 


sallow hue which coimnonl}' follows residence in the East 
Indies. As she found herself among friends who were in- 
terested in the Burnian Mission, her reserve melted away, 
her eye kindled, ever}' feature was lighted up with enthusi- 
asm, and she was everywhere acknowledged to be one of the 
most fascinating of women." It may not be generally known 
that during her residence in Rangoon, Mrs. Judson adopted 
the Burmese dress. Her figure, which was of medium weight 
is said to have appeared much taller and more commanding 
in the oriental costume, and her rich Spanish complexion 
lent it an additional charm. Her dark curls were straight- 
ened and drawn back from her forehead, and a fragrant 
cocoa-blossom would often drop like a white plume from the 
knot upon the crown. Her saffron vest, when thrown open 
would reveal the folds of crimson beneath ; and the rich silk 
skirt, wrapped about her fine figure, parted at the ankle and 
sloped gracefully back upon the floor. 

It was during her visit in this country that the distin- 
guished artist Rembrandt Peale painted her portrait, now in 
possession of her niece, Miss Rebecca E. Hasseltine, of St. 
Augustine, Florida, who has kindly consented to its removal 
to Boston, in order that a copy for this institution might be 
made b}' Miss Bartlett, whose success has delighted us all 
to-day. The face of Mrs. Judson, as represented in this 
portrait, is one which will not soon be forgotten, combining 
as it does in an unusual degree, intelligence, character and 
grace. We can understand the achievements of a woman 
whose purpose is so evidently present in these animated fea- 
tures wdiich have been so well caught and transmitted to us 
upon the canvas. Xor is the picture any the less interesting 
because of its quaint dress, and the accompanying palm leaf 
fittingly inscribed with Barman characters. This Academy 
is richer than ever, now that it has upon its walls such a 
souvenir of such a woman. 

Mrs. Judson sailed from Boston, June 21, 1823, for Cal- 
cutta and reached Rangoon early in December, to find tliat 


war was threatened between Burmali antl the Bengal govern- 
ment. Mr. Judson had made arrangements to remove his 
residence to Ava, the capital, a long distance up the river^ 
and soon after the arrival of liis wife, they set out for their 
new home, "not knowing the things that should befall them 
there." Home, indeed, it could hardly be called, for they 
found no house at Ava to shelter them from the burning 
sun by day, or the chilling dews at night. They had to re- 
main in their boat until they could build for themselves a 
small cottage outside the town on the bank of the river. 
Here Mrs. Judson soon opened a school for girls, two of 
whom she named Mary and Ahhy Hasseltine, as they weie 
to be partially supported with funds contributed by the Jud- 
son Association of Bradford Academy. 

It was not long before the startling news came that the 
English had captured Rangoon with a large force and were 
advancing toward the Capital. Suspicion of treachery rested 
upon the few foreigners living at Ava and an order was issued 
for tlieir arrest. Mr. Judson was seized at dinner, thrown 
upon the floor, bound with strong cords and dragged away 
to prison, in spite of the protestations and entreaties of his- 
wife, who was compelled to remain in her house under a 
strong guard. At this juncture, she destroyed all her letters 
and journals, lest they might disclose facts which would be 
construed against her in the examination to which she was 
forced to submit. Hearing that her husband was confined 
in the ^ death prison,' and heavily loaded with irons, she 
begged permission to visit him. This was for some time re- 
fused, but at last, through her persistent endeavors, she was 
allowed to go as far as the prison gate where she had a brief 
interview with him, only to learn of the horrors of the dun- 
geon in which he was confined. And now all the resources 
of her lieroic nature were taxed to their utmost to devise means 
for obtaining his release. She appealed to the Governor of 
the city to the Queen, to the jailers and other officials, but 
only obtained a few evasive promises, which served little 
else than to keep her from despair. 


Day after day, aiul month after month, she went on foot 
two miles to the prison to carry some word of comfort, or 
article of food, returning alone, often late in the evening 
worn out with fatigue and anxiety. The only mitigation she 
could gain was the temporary removal of her husband to a 
bamboo hut in the prison yard, where she could minister to 
liis necessities. "-The acme of my distress," she wrote, "con- 
sisted in the awful uncertainty of our final fate. My jire- 
vailing opinion was that my husband would suffer violent 
death and that I should of course become a slave, and lan- 
guish out a miserable though short existence, in the tyrannic 
hands of some unfeeling master."' 

But the worst was yet to come. "When the hot season set 
in, the foul atmosphere of the prison was insupportable. Sev- 
eral of the prisoners died, and Mr. Judson was seized with a 
fever. Just then they were ordered away from Ava to 
another prison near Amarapoora. Stripped of nearly all their 
clothing, they were driven on foot without hat or shoes un- 
der the burning sun, until their backs were scorched and 
their feet blistered and bleeding. Mrs. Judson, on hearing 
of their departure, ran from street to street to learn in what 
direction they had gone. As soon as she ascertained, she 
appealed to the Governor for permission to follow, and started 
early the next morning carrying in her arms an infant child, 
born in the midst of these overwhelming sorrows. At night- 
fall she reached her husband and found him in chains, ut- 
terly helpless, and suffering from fever and wounds. Though 
exhausted herself, she summoned the feeble remnants of her 
strength, and hastened back to Ava to bring their medicine 
chest, which she had left behind in her flight. She returned 
with it only to fall fainting upon a mat, from which she did 
not rise for two months. In this extremity, she was unable 
to care for herself, her husband or her child, and they must 
all have perished had it not been for a faithful Bengali cook, 
who did everything in his power to minister to their wants. 

Such, my friends, were the scenes of cruelty and terror 


through which this brave-hearted Bradford woman was called 
to pass. Does history anywhere show us an instance of more 
intrepid, courage or unflinching devotion ? Search the annals 
of (i-reek or Roman, mediaeval or modern heroism, and you 
will find no name worthier to be honored upon your walls 
than hers. The late Mrs. Sigourney, herself one of Ameri- 
can's noblest daughters, was so moved by the story of Mrs. 
Judson's life that she wrote some admirable lines in her 
honor, from which I make the following extract : 

" Tardy months pass by, 
And find her still intrepid at her post 
Of danger, and of disajipointed hope. 
Stern sickness smote her, but she felt it not, 
Heeded it not, and still with tireless zeal 
Carried the hoarded morsel to her love ; 
Dared the rude arrogance of savage power 
To plead for him ; and bade his dungeon glow 
With her fair brow, as erst the angel's smile 
Aroused imprisoned Peter, when his hands, 
Loos'd from their chains, were lifted high in praise." 

As the victorious English forces under Sir Archibald Camp- 
bell, approached the Capital, it became evident that terms of 
peace must be made at once, or the city would fall into their 
hands. Accordingly a royal embassy was sent to the camp 
with Mr. Judson as interpreter. The negotiations finally suc- 
ceeded, and the war which had continued nearly two years,, 
was terminated b}' the Treaty of Yantabo, February 24, 

Arrangements were at once made by the British comman- 
der, for the safety of Mr. and Mrs. Judson and their little 
daughter Maria, who were kindly received at his headquar- 
ters and provided with a comfortable passage to Rangoon on 
a gun boat. Soon after, they removed to Amherst, a new 
town at the mouth of the Sal wen, named in honor of the 
Governor General of India. Here they were able to rest in 
peace, with the prospect of an interesting missionary work 
under the protection of the British flag. But, alas I for hu- 
man hopes. In a few months, Mrs. Judson was seized witli 
a violent fever which her enfeebled constitution was unable 
to resist, and she breathed her last on the 24th of October, 



1826, at the early age of thirty-seven years. She was buried 
near her home, under a kirge hopia tree, on a beautiful green 
bluff overlooking the sea ; and not long after, her little 
Maria was placed by her side. 

Thus ended one of the noblest lives ever consecrated to 
the cause of missions. To Mrs. Judson, with her husband, 
was assigned the toil and the sacrifice, the joy and the sor- 
row of planting the Gospel in the Burman Empire. She 
was permitted to reap with him, the first precious fruits of 
that harvest which has since been counted by thousands of 
sheaves gathered into the garner of the Lord. All honor to 
them that sow in tears ; they shall reap in joy. 

To you, young ladies, and to those who come after you in 
this favored school of learning, we commit the memory of 
this lovely and devoted woman whose face in yonder por- 
trait will not fail to inspire you to noble deeds when you 
remember h?r as the Bradford girl, the consecrated mission- 
ary and the renowned heroine of Ava. 



Incorporated I804. 


Hon. GEORGE COGSWELL. M. D., Pres., Bradford. 

SAMUEL D. WARREN, Vice Pres., Boston. 
Rev. JOHN D. KINGSBURY, Treasurer. Bradford. 

JOHN CROWELL, M. D., Secretary, Haverhill. 
Rev. JAMES H. MEANS, D. D., Boston. 
Rev. E. K. ALDEN, D. D., Boston. 
Rev. RAYMOND H. SEELEY, D. D., Haverhill. 

Hon. WILLIAM A. RUSSELL, Lawrence. 

JAMES R. NICHOLS, M. D., Haverhill. 




©Batl^^rs niih JntliirGrs, 


Studies of llie Senior Year. 


Latin and Greek. 


English Literature and Language. 


English Literature, and History. 

Miss ALICE I. BROWN. S. B., 

Natural Sciences. 


French and German . 




piano, Organ and Vocal Music. 


Drawing' and Painting. 


Elocution and Gymnastics. 


Lecturer on History. 

Prof. CHAS. A. YOUNG, LL.D. 
OF THE College of New Jersey, 

Lecturer on Astronomy. 


Lecturer on Anglo Saxon Literature. 

13 R A D 1" O R D A C A 1) 1-: M Y . 

Cea^^E m ^^nm. 


y ,. J C;esar or Xepos. 
^^^'"' I Latin Prose. 
Freuch, German or Music. 

( Algebra. 
Matliematics. ] Geometry. 

( Trigonometry. 
English Literature. 

Readings in Ancient and Mediieval History. 
Lectures on Physiology, Hygiene, and Botany. 
English Prose Writing. 
Weekly Lessons in Dra-ning. 


Latin: Virgil and Cicero. 

French, German or Music. 

^, . ^ ' Eliot and Storer's El. ^lanual and Cooke's Chemical. 

Chenustry: ■'j pi^nusophy. 

Mineralogy. Brush's Blowpipe xVnalysis. 

Botany: "Wood, Gray. 

English Literature. 

Readings in INIodern History. 

English Prose Writing. 

Weekly Lessons in Drawing. 


Latin, Greek, French or German. 

Rhetoric: Seeley's English Lessons. 

Logic: Jevons. 



English Prose Writing. 

I^ectures on Comparative Zoology and Geology. 

Readings in Shakespeare and other English Classioe. 



Mental Science : Hopkins, Hamilton. 

Moral Science: Alexander and Hopkins. 

Natural Theology: Paley and Butler, Chalmers' Lectm-es. 

Evidences of Christianity. Hopkins. 

Histoiy of Englisli Language: Lounsbnry. 

English Prose Writing. 

C History of Art. 

Lectures, < History of Architecture. 
f Church History. 

Lessons throughout the course in English Composition, Elocution and Vo- 
cal Music. 

Private Lessons in Drawing, Painting and Music. 

Familiar Lectures through the course in Physiology and the laws of life, 
illustrated by a choice collection of Models and Preparations of the hu- 
man body, forming a very complete physiological cabinet. 

The school is furnished with well selected apparatus for illustration of 
Physics and Chemistry, and each pupil has facilities for personal work 
in the Laboratory. 


The studies in the Preparatory Course are as follows: Arithmetic, with 
Metric System, Algebra, to Equations with two unknown qualities in 
Olney's Complete Algebra, or its equivalent. English Grammar, Allen 
and Greenough's Latin Grammar and Leighton's Latin Eeader, Latin 
Prose in Leighton's Latin Lessons, Modern Geography and History of 
the United States. 


For advanced pupils, who come for a less time than the regular course re- 
quires. Special Courses are arranged in those subjects which they are 
prepared to take. 



For pupils of the First Year: From Joshua to II Kings. 

For pufjils of the Second Year: History of the Jews completetl, and the 

For pupils of the Junior Year: Life of Christ. 
For pupils of the Senior Year : Lives of St. Peter, St. Paul and St. John.. 

and the Epistles. 

B R ^. D I- O I< D A C A DEMY 

con^gE ij\i jiw. 

Free instruction is given in Art, according to the following scheiUile. 
Advanced students pursue a liiglier course in Art study, for which there 
is extra charge : 



Freehand drawing, giving practice in straight and curv(.'d lines. Exercises 
drawn from dictation and memory. 


Drawings made in outline from flowers, leaves and other simple forms from 
nature. Natural forms conventionalized. Original designs made fi-om 
conventional forms. 


Outline drawing from casts. Studies in foliage and architectural ornaments 
from engraved copies. Shading. 



Practice in straight and curved lines, conventional forms and designing. 
Drawing and shading from casts and other models. 


Stuilies made of the liumau figure from casts, and of landscajies, and animals 
from engraved copies. The last half of the term devoted to the study of 


Studies in Perspective continued. Drawing and shading in charcoal from 
casts and other models, and from natural forms. Sketching from nature 
when practicable. Decorative work in pen, ink, and sepia. 


C0a^3E IN Mosic. 

The course of study for the Piano P'orte. iMiibraces selections adapted to 
the requirements of the pupil, from the following authors: 

Czerny. Cramer, Jensen, Krause, Loeschhorn. Bach"s Inventions, de- 
menti's " Gradus ad Parnassum"' (Tausig). Eschmann, Bennett, Mos- 
cheles. Bach's French and English Suites ; Grund, Ilarberbier (Poesies) 
Chopin. Henselt, KuUak's Octave Stixdies, Bach's '"Well Tempered Cla- 
vier," Kubenstein, KalT, Brahms, Eheinberger, Beethoven, Mozart, Schu- 
mann, Mendelasohn, Saint Saens, Scarlatti, Handel, John Field and others. 

In the study of Vocal Music, exercises, embracing a Mide range in the 
Italian and English schools are used. Especial care is given to the manner 
of breatliing, and its practical application to the formation of pure tones. 
The study of the diatonic scale is constant on the Italian vowels, and great 
attention is given to phrasing, and clear enunciation. The principal text- 
books in Harmony are Eichter's Manual, and Emeiy's Harmony. 

It is the aim of the teachers in this department, while developing the 
technical skill necessary for the modern school, to stimulate the musical 
sense, and cultivate a love for what is best and noblest in the art. 

15 U A D F O R D AC A D E 51 V . 


THE YEAR 1885 36. 

First Term opens Tuesday, September S, 1SS5 

First Term closes Wednesday, Dec. 2, 18S5. 

Second Term opens Tuesday, Dec. 8, 1885. 

Recess at Christmas time. 

Second Term closes . Friday, March 5, 1S86. 

Third Term opens Tuesday, March 23, 18S6. 

Third Term closes ... Wednesday, June 23, 1SS6. 

The academic year closes on the last Wednesday but one in June, and 
consists of three terms. 

The year 1SS5-86 will commence on the second Tuesday in September. 


Board, including washing, fuel and lights, First Term, . . . $Sooo 

«' " " " " Second Term, . . 90.00 

'« " " " " Third Term, . . . 90.00 

Tuition, including English branches, Latin and French, Greek or 

German, and Vocal Music in Classes, ($20.00 per term), for 

the year 

Total expenses for the year • . . 320.00 

Special rates to daughters of Clergymen and missionaries. 

No extras except the following : 
Tuition in Music and Art : 

I istruction on Piano, per term, $20.00 to $40.00 

Use of Piano one hour a day, per term 3.00 

I istruciion in Art, including Linear and Perspective Drawing and 

Painting, according to the ability of the pupil, per term, . . . 16.00 


I) K A I) 1' O R D A C A 1) E M Y 


SeNEI^^L InF8^M)?¥I0N. 

Tuition and one-half the. board must bo paid during the first week of 
eacli term. 

There M'ill be no deduction in tuition for absence. 

In case of protracted absence, one-lialf tire board will be deducted during 
the time of absence. 

There will be no charge for board to those pupils Avho remain at the 
Academy during the holiday recess, and no deduction for those who ai-e ab- 
sent. During vacation in March, five dollars ^a week will be charged to 
those pupils who remain. 

Application may be made to Miss Axnie E. Johxson, Principal. In 
case of a failure after an engagement has been made, information should 
be given immediately. 

Applicants for admission are required to bring certificates of good moral 
standing from the principal of the school from which they come. 

For admission to the regular course, an examination is required in Arith- 
metic, including the Metiic System, Algebra to equations with two un- 
known quantities in Olney's Complete Algebra, or its equivalent, English 
Grammar, Latin Grannnar, Latin I'eader, Latin Prose in Leightonis Latin 
Lessons, Modem Geography, and History of the United States. 

Pupils entering special courses nuist pass examinations in Preparatory 

For admission to an advanced class, an examination is required in tlie 
preceding studies of the course, or their equivalents. 

It is expected that pupils, whether entering in September, or latei-, will 
remain till the close of the school year. 

Each pupil should be provided with towels and napkins, thick boots and 
overshoes, umbrella and Avaterproof, and have each article of her dress 
marked Avitli her full name. 

Books and stationery can be had at the institution. 

Bradford is on the line of the Boston and Maine Kailroad, thirty miles 
from Boston. 


Bradford Academy is the oldest seminary for young 
ladies in the country. Founded in 1803, and incorpo- 
rated in 1804, it has been in successful operation ever 
since. The school edifice, including the boarding and 
school departments under the same roof, is located near 
the centre of an area of twenty-five acres, twelve of which 
are covered with a fine growth of oaks, and are laid out 
with paths for exercise and recreation. The other portions 
of the grounds are under the charge of competent persons 
with a system of constant improvement to adorn the same 
with walks, shrubs, and trees, so as to give increased beauty 
and promote the comfort of those connected with the Acad- 
emy. The situation is elevated, overlooking the city of 
Haverhill, across the River Merrimack, and commanding 
broad views on every side. The air is fresh and invigor- 
ating, and the healthfulness of the location has been abund- 
antly proved during the past years of the school. The 
building is of brick, four stories high, in the form of a cross, 
wide corridors extending from east to west, and affording 
healthful promenades in inclement weather. A parlor 
and two bed-rooms constitute a suite of rooms for four 
pupils. These rooms are eleven and twelve feet high, and 
receive a full supply of air and sunlight. The school 
hall, recitation and music rooms, library, reading-rooms, par- 
lors, dining-room, rooms for business, bathing-rooms, and 


closets, are all ordered on a generous scale for convenience, 
health and comfort. The entire building is heated by steam, 
and lighted by gas, and supplied with an abundance of pure 
Avater. No efforts are spared to make this a model estab- 

An addition to the west wing is now completed. It is 
86 X 52 feet, three stories above the basement, and built of 
brick and granite. There are in it a bowling alley, gymna- 
sium, laboratory, art room, twelve music rooms, and an ob- 
servatory. There are elegant suites of rooms for the accom- 
modation of twenty more pupils. The finely constructed 
flight of stairs in the south end of the annex will furnish 
perfect and ample fire escape for the whole academy — when 
taken in connection with what there now is. The inside is 
finished in the best of western brown ash. This addition is 
designed to furnish such complete facilities as shall make 
Bradford Academy, in all its appointments, as perfect as 

The course of study has been recently revised and enlarged 
to meet the demands of the present day, and secure a thorough 
and broad mental development. The course is comprehensive, 
embracing both the solid and ornamental branches. Three 
full studies for each term are assigned to each pupil, and are 
considered sufficient, as the multiplication of subjects leads 
to superficial know^ledge, rather than true growth of mind. 
Care has been taken to secure the best instruction in the 
various branches of study. Besides the regular teachers, lec- 
turers of eminence in various departments are employed. 

Rev. John Lord, LL.D. has been for many years connected 
with the school as a lecturer on history. 


Prof. Charles A. Young, LL.D., of The College of New 
Jerse}^ lectures on astronomy. 

The Library has had large additions made to it recently, 
selected with great care from all departments of literature, 
furnishing works of the highest authority ; and in the de- 
partment of Art, woiks of great cost and beauty. The read- 
ing room is well supplied Avith current literature. 

The natural-history room is furnished with a valuable cab- 
inet of minerals, and a collection of shells and curiosities ; 
and a physiological cabinet. 

Neatness and simplicity of dress, and the maintenance of 
a sound physical condition, are enjoined upon all. Daily ex- 
ercise in the open air is required when the weather jDermits ; 
and a room has been recently fitted up with gymnastic ap- 
paratus adapted to the wants of the pupils in that regard. 

There is also an opportunit}^ for boating and skating upon 
Tupelo Lake, in " Academic Grove," connected with the in- 

The pupils are under the constant care of teachers whose 
earnest effort is to form their characters on the basis of Chris- 
tian principle. The Bible is read daily, and made a study 
in the school, and all are required to attend public worship 
on the Sabbath. 

It is the design of the Trustees to surround all the pupils 
who come to this Institution with the best of home influ- 
ence ; and it will ever be their care to enjoin upon those 
who are brought into immediate chnrge of pupils, to spare 
no pains in promoting their social and physical good. 


W^ MB^^^Y. 

The members of the school have free access to the Library 
under the charge of the Librarian. It contains nearly four 
thousand volumes, selected with special reference to the needs 
of the institution. 

The following books have been added by donation during 
the past year : 

From Hon. Ebeii F. Stone, MJ^C. 
Report of loth United States Census. lo Vols, 

From John Crowell, M. D. 
Jeancon's "Atlas of Human Anatomy." 

From Hon. Eben F. Stone, M. C. 

Report of Smithsonian Institution. 

Forest Trees of North America, with Maps. 

Report on Finance, U. S. 

Report of U. S. Geological Survey. 

From Enrean of Education. 

Educational Reports. 2 Vols. 

From Hon. L. Emery, Jr. 

Geology of State of Pennsylvania. 

Small's Legislative Handbook of Pennsylvania. 

From Mrs. S. D. Warren. 
Drummond's Natural Laws in the Spiritual World. 

From Dr. & Mrs. Allen. 
Divine Origin of Christianity. By Dr. Storrs. 

<X v^-f 



This book is due on the date indicated below, or at the 
expiration of a definite period after the date of borrowing, as 
provided by the library rules or by special arrangement with 
the Librarian in charge. 



1 illfiV 








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Bradford academy ^ 
Memorials of Rufus Anderson... 


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