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Full text of "Memories of William N. Sherman"

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REYNOLDS HiJ=;TORICAL 
OENEALOGY COLLECTWIN 



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MEMeRIEs"^ 



ViLLiAM N. Sherman 



BY HJS NEPHEW 



REV. HARRIS R. GREENE 



Press ot J.J. Little & Co. 
Astor Place, New York. 



Born Feb. ig, 1809. 
Died March 2, 1882. 



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1837384 



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E thou Faithful unto Death, and I 
will give thee a Crown of Life." 




INTRODUCTION. 

IFFERENT nations have different stan- 
dards of human excellence. In the view 
of the ancients, and, at the present time, in 
the view of uncivilized races, the man to be honored 
is the man of physical strength and power. lie who 
has the broadest shoulders ; he who stands the tall- 
est, and can with the greatest vio^or draw the bow — 
lie is the man to be esteemed ; he is the hero. 

Indeed, this criterion of excellence has prevailed 
more or less among civilized nations. 

We are told that " Saul was a choice young man 
and a goodly ; and there was not among the chil- 
dren of Israel a goodlier person than he ; from his 
shoulders and tipzvard he zuas higher than any of the 
peopled 

It was no small recommendation to Saul in the 
view of his countrymen with reference to the posi- 
tion of power he was to occupy that he was Jiead 
and shoulders taller than any other man. 

Among nations representing a higher type of civ- 
ilization and refinement, the standard of excellence 
becomes one of mental power, intellecttial genius. 
Such, in the main, is the standard in all civilized and 
enlightened countries to-day. The great man in 
Europe to-day is the man who is great in the mili- 
tary, the scientific, the literary, or the aesthetic world. 



The great general, the great scientific discoverer, the 
great poet or historian, the great painter, sculptor, 
or actor, he is now, throughout Christendom, the man 
of fame, the man who is honored and worshipped, 
the man whose biography is sought and read — these 
are the kinds of men who are immortalized ; these 
the men whose ashes are permitted a place in West- 
minster Abbey. 

But the time is certainly coming when there will 
prevail still another standard of excellence. The 
time is coming, and is not far distant, when not 
physical stature and physical prowess, when not in- 
tellectual power and intellectual demonstration in 
whatever form, but when spiritual power and spirit- 
ual development and demonstration shall constitute 
and characterize the man who shall be called great 
The truly great man is the man who is great in con- 
formity with the principles of the New Testament, 
the man who is developed and complete in the 
realm of the spiritual as well as in the realm of the 
mental ; and this kind of greatness will, by and by, 
when the world becomes better, find full recognition, 
even as now it finds partial recognition in Christian 
lands. 

The life which we are about to notice briefly was, 
like many other lives of merit and value, quiet and 
unobtrusive. It made no figure in the command 
of armies ; it was not conspicuous in the fields 
of science, of art, or of literature ; it was not great 
as men count greatness ; but, notwithstanding all 
this, it had in it elements of mental vigor, and espe- 



cially elements of moral and spiritual power and 
beauty, which makes it, in these respects at least, a 
life well worthy to contemplate. 

The life whose memoirs are here sketched ex- 
hibited, in some measure at least, in the lines above 
indicated, noble and worthy qualities of heart and 
soul. To bring these more freshly to the memory 
of friends and acquaintances is the object of these 
brief memoirs. 




BIRTH AND FAMILY. 

ILLIAM NORTHUP SHERMAN was 
born in North Kingston, R. I., February 
19, 1809. His father was Nathaniel Sher- 
man, also of North Kingston. He was a member 
of that family of Shermans now represented so 
conspicuously by Gen. W. T. Sherman, who in the 
War of the Rebellion was second in rank only to 
Gen. U. S. Grant ; by Senator Sherman of Ohio, one 
of the ablest men we have now in Congress ; by 
Senator Hoar of Massachusetts, probably the most 
influential man to-day in the United States Senate ; 
by William M. Evarts of New York, probably the 
strongest advocate at the bar in the metropolis, 
and at present a man of power in Congress ; and 
by Hon. Chauncey M. Depew, President of the 
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad. 

Sherman Coat of Arms. — Complicated but very 
handsome. 

Arms. — Sherman (London and Devonshire, de- 
scended from the Shermans of Yaxley, County Suf- 
folk). When displayed or painted, the whole 
groundwork of the shield is gold color, with a lion 
rampant in the centre. The lion is black (an un- 
usual color for a lion), and is surrounded by three 
green oak leaves. On its shoulder rests a ring. 



Crest. — A sea lion sejant (or sitting) on a shield 
of two colors divided by a perpendicular line ; one 
side is gold color, the other silver color. This sea 
lion has black spots upon it, and has fins of gold ; 
the shoulder is a crescent moon. Motto : Conquer 
death by virtue. 

The name of Sherman is by no means a common 
one in England, though it is an ancient, highly re- 
spected, and honored one. Sir Henry Sherman 
was one of the executors of the will of Lord Stan- 
ley, Earl of Derby, County of Lancaster, dated May 
23, 152 1. William Sherman, Esq., purchased 
Knightston in the time of Henry VIII. A monu- 
ment to William Sherman is in Ottery, St. Mary, 
erected in 1542. 

The pedigree of the Sherman family is obtained 
from Davy's manuscript collection relating to the 
County of Suftblk ( England), deposited in the British 
Museum.* 

Mr. Sherman's mother was Elizabeth Northup, the 
sister of Rev. William Northup, for half a century one 
of the most celebrated preachers in Southern Rhode 
Island. He was the founder of the First Baptist 
Church in North Kingston, and was its esteemed and 
honored pastor for a period of fifty- nine years. Few 
men, in any country, in any denomination, at any 
period, have held a pastorate so long. He was a man 
of large and commanding presence, as he was a man 

* For these facts I am indebted to William Cothren, Esq., of Woodbury, 
Conn., who has written a history of the Sherman family in England and 
America. 



1 1 



of capacious and powerful mind. He was truly a 
moral and spiritual patriarch among the prophets of 
Israel. The church under his grand gospel min- 
istry grew in strength and numbers through all 
these long years of his pastorate, enjoying in the 
course of them, in addition to their ordinary ac- 
cessions constantly occurring, six revivals of great 
power. 

Mr. Northup preached not science, not phi- 
losophy, and not literature, but the simple Gospel of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, and " the people heard him 
gladly." He was a truly converted \VL2i.x\, and he spoke 
" as the Holy Spirit gave him utterance." It is an 
interesting fact in his history that his first religious 
impressions were received from a slave in his father's 
family. Religion is the same wonderful thing in the 
hearts of all men, of whatever color, rank, or con- 
dition. Mr. Northup received through and from a 
poor black domestic that glorious spiritual energy 
and life which transformed his entire nature, and 
made him that great apostle of God he afterwards 
became. 

After this wonderfully long and successful pastor- 
ate, he was gathered to his fathers at the ripe old age 
of seventy-nine, full of Christian graces, and full of 
honors, and meet for the Heavenly Kingdom. He 
commenced his ministry at twenty, and founded the 
church above referred to only two years later. 

We have made this somewhat detailed reference 
to this celebrated man, for two or three special 
reasons : first, because he was the ever revered and 



enerated namesake of Mr. Sherman ; second, be- 
cause he exerted ever a very decided influence over 
Mr. Sherman, not only during the boyhood and 
youth of the latter, but, as the writer believes, 
throughout his life ; and third, because of one or two 
facts to be noted hereafter, which will be better 
understood and appreciated by this reference. 

It will be seen, then, that Mr. Sherman was 
descended from an ancestry which represented some 
of the best blood in New England. 

Education. — Nathaniel Sherman, the father of 
William N. Sherman, was a well-to-do New England 
farmer. The country schools in his time — seventy 
years ago — were not what they are now. Three 
months in the winter, and that usually under an in- 
different teacher, was all the "schooling" the best 
privileged youth of those days ever received at 
home. These limited educational privileges did not 
satisfy the aspiring mind of young William. At an 
early age, therefore, he was sent to the Kingston 
Hill Academy, where the best of instruction was 
given, in the higher as well as the common English 
branches. Subsequently he was sent to another 
private school. 

In these schools he evidently made the most of 
his now ample privileges, turning to good account 
every help to education that came in his way. 
The writer has examined with great pleasure and in- 
terest some of his school work of this time in the 
form of a complete transcript of the arithmetic he 
then used, together with a full and complete solution 



13 

of all the problems given therein. The beauty of 
the penmanship, the order and neatness of the work, 
the absolute excellence of the whole, from beginning 
to end, was very greatly to the credit of the pupil. 
Little things indicate character as truly as great 
things. The work of the child forecasts the work of 
the man. Here at once was an earnest of that or- 
der, system, care, neatness, and accuracy which 
characterized the journalist in his grander work in 
after years, and which, indeed, was so conspicuous 
in all that he undertook in whatever department of 
effort — physical, mental, or religious — in later life. 

Educational institutions as such have no power, in 
themselves, to make the youths who are privileged 
to attend them good and noble men. Like many 
other things, thoroughly good in themselves consid- 
ered, they may become a saver of life unto life, or ot 
death unto death. The academy, like the college, 
either helps or harms, according as the student 
makes it a field for appropriating the good — literary, 
social, moral, and religious — that it yields ; or, on the 
other hand, makes it a place where, by associating 
with the low and the base, he absorbs only the 
vilest and basest moral and spiritual influences, and 
thus actually learning little or nothing of good, con- 
tracts life-long habits of laziness, license, and vice. 
So everything, in fact, in nature, in society, and in 
life becomes a blessing or a bane, according as men's 
native bent and affinities lead them to appropriate 
the good or to imbibe the evil. 

Evidently Mr, Sherman found in the educational 



H 

and literary privileges of the Kingston Academy and 
the other private school following the same, the 
means of developing and unfolding his mental, moral 
and religious powers. Evidently his high-toned 
nature became here a grand absorbent of all that 
was useful, noble, and good, while it was utterly irre- 
sponsive to temptations and influences unhallowed 
and base. 

A Teacher. — After leaving the Academy, Mr. 
Sherman for some years taught in the district schools 
in different parts of Washington County. We may 
be sure, from what we know of him in later life, 
that he had a model school for those days. As is 
the man, so is the school. Indeed, the man is the 
school. A man fond of order and system will have 
an orderly and systematic school. Such was he. 
So a man of refinement, of sensitive conscience, of a 
keen sense of justice, will impress all these beautiful 
sentiments more or less upon his pupils. Such a 
man was he. In his school, therefore, there must 
have been daily evidence of the influence upon his 
pupils of these noble principles. Above all, a man 
of Christian character will unconsciously induce in 
all around him, and especially the young, feelings 
and sentiments of reverence and devotion. Such a 
man was he, and his school, therefore, must have felt 
his power in this direction. Add to all this careful, 
correct, and thorough and methodical instruction, 
and you have the elements of all excellence in a 
school. 

Learns Business Life. — But the vocation of the 



15 

teacher, especially in a sphere so circumscribed, 
promised litde, eidier of money or of emolument, 
sixty years ago. Mr. Sherman, therefore, decided 
upon some other calling in life. Like the great ma- 
jority of men, he did not yet know for what busi- 
ness or profession he was best fitted. This he must 
learn by slow experience, under the revealing power 
of the changing circumstances of life. For a time, 
with reference to a future business life, he became a 
clerk in a store in Newport, R. I. Afterwards he 
removed to Southbridge, Mass., and re-engaged in 
the same kind of business. Here it was that his 
mind began to assert itself, and to whisper to him 
that he could do better work than to pore over ac- 
count books and handle the yardstick. He began 
to contribute occasional articles to the columns of 
newspapers published in that vicinity. Becoming 
encouraged by the reception which these maiden 
productions received, he began to plan for a larger 
and better field in this line of effort. 

The " Ladies' Mirror." — Li connection with Mr. 
George W. H. Fiske, he commenced the publication 
of the Ladies Mirror, a literary paper issued every 
other Saturday. The circulation soon attained to the 
figure of about one thousand copies — a most flat- 
tering success, considering the comparative sparse- 
ness of the population in that part of the country. 
This enterprise he followed up most successfully for 
about four years, when he thought he could see 
something still better ahead. 

Removal to Woonsocket. — The city of Woon- 



i6 



socket was even then a most flourishing town. Mr. 
Sherman beHeved that this thriving manufactur- 
'ing village promised success in the line of jour- 
nalism in the near future. Accordingly in the 
year 1833 he bought, at an assignee's sale, the print- 
ing press on which the Ladies' Mirror had been 
previously printed. Loading the same with its 
complement of type and forms on a large team 
wagon, he started in person for Woonsocket. Ar- 
rived there, he immediately secured a room for an 
office, and on the 5th of October, 1833, published 
the first number of his new paper. 

The " Woonsocket Patriot." — It required some 
business courage to start a weekly paper in the little 
town of Woonsocket, as it was more than fifty years 
ago. But Mr. Sherman had that virtue which 
always and everywhere is essential to success, viz. : 
faith in himself. He felt that he coiild make this 
new enterprise a success. He had already proved to 
himself, in his brief experience at journalism in South- 
bridge, that he could serve up, once a week at least, 
to the people of Woonsocket and vicinity, the news 
of the day, and also that kind of intellectual repast 
which they would appreciate and enjoy. In this 
he was not deceived. His paper soon became very 
popular ; the subscription list became at once promis- 
ing, and constantly increased. The Woonsocket Pa- 
triot soon became an organ of influence and of power, 
and that not only in the village itself, but far out into 
the adjoining counties, country, and State. For 
more than fifty years, and down to the present time, 



17 

this paper has been one of the leading journals of 
the State of Rhode Island, and has exerted an in- 
fluence upon morals, politics, and religion of untold 
value. Starting as a six-column, four-page paper, 
it soon grew into an eight-page paper, and circulated 
more or less throughout the State, and to some ex- 
tent in adjoining States. 

Mr. Noah I. Arnold, an old resident of Rhode 
Island, in an article in t\\Q Patriot, copied from a 
Providence paper on " Woonsocket R.eminiscences," 
says : " Returning my thoughts again to those days 
of forty years ago, I am not forgetful of the fact that 
the Woonsocket Patriot was then published, and at 
that time enjoyed the proud distinction that it does 
now, and, I trust, will for many years to come, of being 
one of the ablest of New England newspapers.'' 

Principle vs. Profit. — It is almost needless to 
say that this paper, while under the control of Mr. 
Sherman, was conducted upon the highest principles 
of justice, morality, and Christianity. As editor and 
proprietor, Mr. Sherman never permitted apparent 
immediate pecuniary interest to interfere with the 
claims of progress, reform, and religion. 

" From one learn all." In its early days the 
course of the editor, in advocating the cause of 
temperance, became to quite a number of his sub- 
scribers a ground of offence. Accordingly, several at 
once sent in their names, and demanded that their 
paper be stopped forthwith. Quite probably these 
supporters of the rum traffic supposed, as small men 
are very apt to believe, that their influence thus ex- . 



i8 



erted would be potent in crippling, if it did not re- 
sult in utterly destroying, this daring sheet. 

It is a matter of infinite satisfaction to every true 
and good man in this world that amid all the 
wickedness, corruption, and iniquity of men there is 
always a large and powerful leavening of noble, 
moral, and even religious sentiment left. Mr. Sher- 
man, not knowing how great the defection might be 
in the future, should he still continue his course of 
hostility towards the rum power, nevertheless still 
pursued his way fearlessly, and regardless of con- 
sequences. The unexpected result was that more 
than two hundred new subscribers were soon added 
to his list. 

All men have a conscience ; all men love the 
right, the true and the good, and hate the iniquitous, 
the false and the bad ; and as a rule, all men, when 
vice is ViOX. profitable to themselves, throw the weight 
of their influence on the side of virtue and goodness. 
By its course of unflinching and steadfast advocacy of 
everything good and noble in reform, the Patriot 
strengthened constantly its hold upon the hearts of 
the community. It thus soon became known and 
recognized as a paper of high and noble aims and 
purposes. 

Mr. Sherman continued to publish this paper for 
some nine or ten years, with ever-widening influence 
and ever-increasing circulation. 

Job Printing. — As this was the only printing 
office in an enterprising and growing community, 
it soon became largely patronized for job work. 



The proprietor had never served an apprentice- 
ship at the business of job printing. But where there 
is a will there is always a way. He immediately set to 
work setting type, locking up forms, and working off 
his sheets by the power of a strong hand and a mus- 
cular arm. In a short time he made himself familiar 
with all the departments of work needful in this line, 
and was thus enabled to superintend and control 
the whole business, from the preparation of the 
manuscript to the carefully-printed page. 

It was in this office that his nephew, the late 
Col. A. Crawford Greene, of Providence ; John S. 
Sibley, of Pawtucket, and S. S. Foss, of Woonsocket, 
all of whom afterwards made their mark in the busi- 
ness world, were initiated into the "mystic" art. 
The first of the above. Col. A. C. Greene, was for 
more than thirty years a leading newspaper publisher, 
and probably the largest job printer in the State. Mr. 
Sibley was for many years, in company with another, 
the publisher of The Gazette and Chro7iicle in Paw- 
tucket, and Mr. Foss succeeded Mr. Sherman in the 
proprietorship of The Patriot, which he continued 
to publish with marked ability for about forty years. 

Marriage. — As before stated, Mr. Sherman lo- 
cated in Woonsocket in the year 1833. In 1834 he 
married Miss Mary M. Bliss, of Brimiield, Mass.. in 
whom he found an educated, cultivated, and accom- 
plished lady, in every way worthy to become his 
lifelong partner. 

Miss Bliss was the daughter of Ichabod and Re- 
becca Holbrook Bliss. The Bliss family represented 



20 



an ancestry of honor and repute. The ancestral 
coat of arms consisted of a' crest, representing an arm 
upHfted, with the hand grasping a bundle of arrows. 
(This device was commemorative of an act of prow- 
ess in the early history of the family). 

Upon the shield beneath was a bend vaire (he 
beareth sable) between two fleur-de-lis. The motto 
of this heraldic or escutcheon emblem was " Semper 
Sursum" — "Ever Upward." 

Miss Bliss's mother's name was Rebecca Choate 
Holbrook, the name Choate representing thus one 
branch of her family on her mother's side. Mrs. Sher- 
man has to this day in her possession a large pewter 
platter (the silver of colonial days) upon which is 
engraven the " Coat of Arms " of the Choate family 
(an exact counterpart of this heraldic device can be 
seen under the head of " Crest " in Webster's Dic- 
tionary) used more than a century ago, perhaps 
two centuries, for this platter belonged to her grand- 
mother, and her mother would have been one hun- 
dred and eleven years old if she had lived until the 
present time. She was a sister of Judge Holbrook 
of Connecticut, and a cousin of Rufus Choate, the 
eminent lawyer of Boston. Her grandmother, Re- 
becca Choate, of Roxbury, Mass., was married De- 
cember 13, 1758, to John Holbrook of Pomfret, 
Conn., afterward Deacon Holbrook of the Congre- 
gational Church there. This platter bears the in- 
itials of her maiden name, " R " being engraved 
at the left of the crest, and "C" at the right. 
The motto is " Fortune De Guerre." It must have 



21 

become her property at the time she was a bride, or 
it belonged to some ancestor of the same name, 
and has been handed down as a family heirloom. 
What romantic associations do we fancy belonging 
to an article so ancient, whose historical life may ex- 
tend to aees more remote than we even dream, but 
whose unknown antiquity is only an added charm to 
its value ! 

The Holbrook name appears frequendy in history 
in connection with various public services. That 
they were an ancient family we find from a pe- 
rusal of various records. I quote from one writer : 
" A beautiful triangular farm bordering on the Mash- 
amoquet was purchased by John Holbrook, Sr., 
whose son, Ebenezer (Deacon John Holbrook's 
father), took possession of it in 1719. Holbrook's 
four hundred acres cost him as many pounds. One 
other farm purchased at that time cost more per acre, 
the others less, showing that the land and location 
were considered desirable. The old homestead 
(tradition says it was the first two-story house in 
town) is still standing, but modernized in appearance 
somewhat. The elm under which the first military 
company in Pomfret halted and had a lunch given 
them by the Holbrook family is now a venerable 
tree. The company was on the its way to Boston, 
'the seat of war ' during the Revolution." 

The sequel, embracing a period of more than half a 
century, showed that Mr. Sherman had not made an 
unwise choice. Mrs. Sherman became at once a true 
helpmate in all his affairs, and, what was most impor- 



22 



tant ot all, she at once fell into sympathy with him ; 
not in a mechanical or indifferent way, but con- 
scientiously and enthusiastically, and this in all 
his religious and charitable aims and purposes, 
throughout the remainder of his life. 

Failing Health. — The village of Woonsocket is a 
manufacturing town. The power employed was for- 
merly almost entirely water-power. This involved 
the flooding of hundreds of acres of land. So large 
an expanse of fresh water produced an atmosphere not 
favorable to many constitutions. After about nine 
years of close application to business, Mr. Sherman 
found his health gradually but decidedly failing. 
This he attributed, in no small degree, to the damp- 
ness of the air, caused by the immense amount of 
evaporation from the extended fresh water overflows 
mentioned above. Whether it was this, or whether it 
was his close and unremitting application to his con- 
stantly-growing business, or whether it was both, it 
may not be easy to decide. He felt, at any rate, that 
his health, if not his life, depended upon his making a 
change. He was moreover strongly advised by his 
physicians to leave his business, to leave the village, 
and seek recreation and a complete change of life 
in all directions. 

Accordingly he felt it imperative to give up his lu- 
crative business, and find, if possible, some quiet re- 
treat by the sea-side, where a change of air and a 
change of life might restore him again to health. 

Removal to WiCKFORD.^He had friends and ac- 
quaintances in the little quiet town of Wickford, in 



23 

the southern part of the State; thither, in 1843, he 
removed. By throwing off all care, by devoting 
himself to out-door recreations, his health began to 
return to him. As soon as it was measurably re-es- 
tablished, he accepted several offers of trust and re- 
sponsibility, which were tendered him— duties which 
occupied his time, diverted his mind, and thus aided 
largely in building up again his worn and weakened 
physical constitution. 

He held at different times, thus, the offices of 
notary public, counsellor at law, and sheriff, amus- 
ing himself in the intervals of active service in gar- 
de'ning and fishing, of both which he was very fond. 
Fond of Fishing. — The writer has a vivid recol- 
lection of his extreme fondness for the piscatory art. 
However dignified in deportment on all proper 
occasions, the moment a fishing excursion was afoot 
he was as full of fun and frolic as a boy. And in 
this pastime he showed great skill and expertness. 
Full of life and enthusiasm himself, he seemed to 
have a kind of ''zvitching" power over all the com- 
pany who chanced to be with him. 

It was ever a great pleasure to accompany him on 
these fishing excursions. There was usually at the 
start an undertone of apparent discouragement as 
to the result,— the weather was unfavorable, the 
wind was the wrong way, it was too cold or too 
hot, the bait was not of the right kind, the fishing 
ground had not been well chosen, the boat was too 
small or too large, the hooks too large or bad in 
form, and nothing would be accomplished. But 



24 

all this we knew to be only a kind of internal self- 
preparation against a possible failure, and at the 
first indications of success, as soon as a single fish 
was brought into the boat, instantly he became 
electrified himself, and infused the same spirit of ex- 
hilaration into all the company. 

TiLT-up-iNG. — There was one kind of fishinor which 

o 

he enjoyed remarkably. It was called from the nature 
of the process tilt-up-ing. It was a winter sport- 
Some good fish-pond was selected, holes were cut 
through the ice, and baited hooks, attached by lines 
to short poles, were dropped down. The pole was 
so arranged, partly over the hole and partly lying 
outside on the ice, that when the fish bit, the long 
end would tilt-itp and thus the angler would be made 
aware of the fact. 

Conceive thus thirty or forty holes cut in a pond 
where fish are plenty, and where, it being winter, the 
fish are hungry ; conceive your sportsman on skates 
and ready to glide at any moment to any portion of 
the pond covering several acres ; conceive of bright, 
warm fires burning on the pond in a half-dozen differ- 
ent places ; conceive now of hungry fish biting at 
these lines, and the poles bobbing up all over the 
pond, ready for you to make your haul, at a half- 
dozen different places at once, and, if you are at all 
fond of sport, you can understand how tilt-up-ing was 
a rare amusement. 

Such it really was, as the writer can testify from 
personal experience, he having accompanied Mr. 
Sherman once or twice on these excursions. For 



25 

weeks and months, deprived of his favorite pastime 
in the usual method, he found rare and grand sport 
in this form of winter anghng. 

Dividing his time thus between business and 
amusement, neither of which taxed his strength, 
Mr. Sherman finally regained his health completely. 
He now feh like turning again to his favorite voca- 
tion of journalism. His old paper, The Woonsocket 
Patriot, however, he had sold to one of his former 
apprentices, Mr. S. S. Foss. This, therefore, even 
if so disposed, he could not now recover. 

Removal to East Greenwich — " The Pendu- 
lum." — A paper called The Kent County Atlas\\2.A 
been established at Phenix, R. I.,- during the years 
1850-1851 by Mr. I. H. Lincoln. It met with in- 
sufficient encouragement to warrant its continued 
publication in that town. Accordingly in 1852 it 
was removed to East Greenwich, R. I. There it 
was published for a year and a half with scarcely bet- 
ter success. The paper was now placed in the 
hands of some interested citizens, who were greatly 
desirous of its success, and who became bound finan- 
cially for its further publication. 

These gendemen, knowing the rare fitness and 
ability of Mr. Sherman to manage such an enter- 
prise, urgendy solicited him to purchase the office, 
press, materials, etc., and start a newspaper of his 
own, making the best use he could of the subscrip- 
tion hst of The Atlas. After a delay of some months 
Mr. Sherman finally decided to engage in this enter- 
prise, and in May, 1854. he issued the first number 



26 



of his new paper, The RJiode I slaiid Pendulum. Its 
imprint bore the names of Wickford and Greenwich 
as places of pubhcation, while it was actually pririted, 
first in Woonsocket, and afterwards in Providence, in 
the office of A. Crawford Greene, to whom allusion 
has been made above. 

There was significance in the name of this paper, 
Mr. Sherman being accustomed to say, that his new 
paper was to " i-zc//;^^" between the two places of 
publication above named, and also "■ to swing for all." 
The muscle-power press which the proprietor had 
purchased, and on which the old Atlas had been 
published, was all well enough in Atlas s day, since 
he had an arm and shoulder which, as we are told 
in classic annals, lifted and supported the world it 
self. But now it was no longer brawn but brain 
that must lift the world, and so Mr. Sherman, calling 
into service the power of steam to take the place of 
brute force in operating the complex machinery of 
printing, chose to make his paper an Atlas in moral 
and mental vigor, and thus to move and lift the 
world. 

Mr. Sherman's name, appearing now as editor and 
proprietor, became at once the earnest of success. . 
The number of subscribers immediately began to 
increase. It soon took a decided and influential 
stand among the journals of the State. Combin- 
ing literature and story with local news, intelli- 
gent, fresh, and racy, it became, almost from the 
first issue, a favorite in the office, the shop, and es- 
pecially in the family, where its influence was always 



27 

wholesome, high-toned, and elevating. Exceptional 
tact and taste was ever shown in its literary depart- 
ment, especially in the selection of its stories, one al- 
ways appearing in every issue. 

This paper he continued to publish for upwards of 
twenty-three years, or until October, 1877. 

Retires from Business. — At this time, having 
come well-nigh up to the appointed term of human 
life, the three-score years and ten ; having accumu- 
lated a sufficiently ample competence for a man of his 
moderate desires and economical habits ; and feeling 
that now he had reached the quiet Sabbath of what had 
been an industrious and active life, he decided to cut 
loose from all business connections and devote what 
remained of life to literary and social diversions 
and delights, and to the accomplishment of what he 
could do for the cause of education, of morals, of re- 
ligion, and the Church of Christ. 

He accordingly sold out his paper, transferring it 
into the hands of a gentleman who has continued 
its publication down to the present time. 

The publication of The Pendulum had, for more 
than a score of years, been by no means an irksome 
enterprise to Mr. Sherman. It had furnished him 
congenial employment, one more than any other in 
harmony with his natural inclinations. It had afford- 
ed him a channel for the free expression of his own 
personal convictions, on all questions of morals and 
reform ; and thus had become to him a source of 
pleasure and satisfaction rather than a business care 
and burden. 



28 



Feeling that he could trust to no one the final 
arrangement and disposition of the various articles, 
and matter generally, to be published, and the 
" making up " of the completed forms, he himself 
was accustomed to go to the city of Providence 
every week, and give his personal attention to this 
business. He thus made himself acquainted with all 
the employees of the establishment, and by his pleas- 
ant social bearing and his never-failing good cheer, 
he soon became a general favorite with all. His 
periodical advent was thus always anticipated and 
welcomed, and soon, from the highest in position to 
the lowest — not in an unbecoming and graceless 
familiarity, but in real good-fellowship and kindly 
feeling — he was known and addressed as "Uncle 
William." Of course this method of address was 
first caught from the lips of the proprietor of the es- 
tablishment, his nephew, who would naturally address 
him in this way. 

Rose Cottage. — Up to this time Mr. Sherman 
had lived and entertained his friends in " his own 
hired house," not intending to purchase and thus 
fetter himself, until health, fully restored, should en- 
able him to fix upon a permanent locality for resi- 
dence. Feeling that he had now reached that point, 
in 1858 he purchased the beautiful cottage in Elm 
Street, opposite the Greenwich Academy, one of the 
finest residences and localities in the village. 

We have often visited him at this place, and have 
always enjoyed exceedingly the external as well as 
the internal cheer and beauty of his home. The 



29 



house occupies a very elevated position, and com- 
mands a most delightful view of the adjacent bay, 
with its circling coves and its larger outer ex- 
panse, its wooded banks and fresh green islands. 

Marriage of his Daughter. — Mr. Sherman had 
only one child, a daughter, Mary M. Sherman. She 
was educated mainly at East Greenwich Academy, 
where she passed through the prescribed curriculum, 
and graduated at the close of the course with valedic- 
tory honors. Subsequently, for the purpose of per- 
fecting herself in special departments, she spent 
about a year at the Oread Collegiate Institute, 
Worcester, Mass., at that time one of the most pop- 
ular and influential ladies' seminaries in New En- 
gland. 

In the y,ear 1872 she was married to John A. 
Mead, M. D., a successful physician, and a solid 
citizen of Rutland, Vermont. This marriage took 
from "Rose Cottage" one of the chief attractions of 
their home, and after selling out business in Green- 
wich, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman spent much of their 
time at the residence of their daughter. 

Mr. Sherman's Death. — It was here, while on a 
visit, that Mr. Sherman died, March 2, 1882, aged 
seventy-three years. For some months he had been 
far from well. For a number of weeks his malady, 
which was a complication of disorders, constantly in- 
creased. He found himself unable to go back to his 
home, and after a severe and most painful illness died 
thus, not in his own home, yet in the midst of his 
small, but loving and devoted family. 



His sickness, protracted and painful, was endured 
throughout with Christian fortitude. He was, in 
truth, a patient sufferer, as he drew near the end 
of hfe, of which he was entirely conscious. He 
arose, not indeed, to any grand and ecstatic contem- 
plations and visions of the future glories of the world 
which he was about to enter, but, what was perhaps 
better, he settled down into a calm, firm trust in the 
Lord Jesus Christ, as his only and all-sufficient Sav- 
iour, and in this holy, restful trust he never faltered 
or wavered to the moment of his departure. 

He was remarkably thoughtful of everything per- 
taining to his funeral, and expressed freely his wishes 
and preferences in regard to all the arrangements for 
the same. Among other things, he made a special 
request that there should be no contributions of 
flowers, saying that the kind and affectionate feelings 
of his friends, shown in so pronounced a way during 
his protracted illness, were better far than the rich- 
est and rarest flowers that could be heaped about 
his senseless body in whatever wealth or profusion. 

Funeral Services. — Accompanied by his imme- 
diate family, his remains were taken to his home in 
East Greenwich, where kind friends had made ready 
the house for their reception, and were waiting to 
receive them. They reached there Saturday after- 
noon, and on Monday following the funeral services 
were held at his late residence. The house was 
filled with relatives and mournino^ friends. A larg^e 
number of citizens, embracing many of the promi- 
nent professional and business men of the village 



and vicinity, were present, desirous of paying the 
last tribute of respect to one whom they had so long 
and so pleasantly known. In conformity with the 
request of Mr. Sherman, there were no elaborate 
floral decorations, except a handsome wreath of 
calla leaves and wheat, a sickle of wheat and myrtle, 
and a few other flowers that had been affection- 
ately laid at the head of the casket. The Rev. Mr. 
Goodwin, Rector of St. Luke's Church, read por- 
tions of the Episcopal burial service. The hymn, 
" Asleep in Jesus," was then sweetly rendered by a 
quartet of voices, the music being by Prof. O. 
L. Carter, who presided at the organ. Prayer was 
now ofl'ered by Rev. W. J. Yates. Appropriate re- 
marks were made by the Rev. F. J. Blakeslee, Prin- 
cipal of the Academy, whose attendance on this 
occasion had previously been requested by Mr. 
Sherman. 

Professor Blakeslee spoke briefly. " Death," he 
said, "was that dread and mysterious experience to 
which no reach of Christian fortitude could ever 
reconcile us. A hope in Christ and the consola- 
tions of divine grace did in some measure solace us in 
the midst of bereavement. They gave promise of a 
bright and better life hereafter. Death, although a 
necessity to secure what was obtained by it, was 
yet by no means an unmixed evil. Its shadow was 
cold and chilling, but was cast across a golden portal 
which opened to the realms of endless joy." 

Reference was made to the moral and religious 
life of the departed ; to the influence which, through 



the press and in numerous other ways, he had ex- 
erted ; to his having erected and supported a chapel 
for divine worship, and to his ever salutary example 
for good among his fellows. He spoke also of the 
sweet, peaceful, and trustful composure with which 
he approached the end, and finally lay down to his 
last sleep, 

A few remarks were made by Mrs. Lydia Ma- 
comber, of the Society of Friends, after which was 
sung the sadly joyous hymn, " I Come to Thee." 
Mr. Yates, assisted by Professor Blakeslee, read the 
closing service, and then pronounced the benediction. 

His appearance after death was most life-like. 
Looking upon his calm and peaceful face, one could 
easily feel that "he is not dead, but sleepeth." So 
placid and natural did he seem that one who had 
heard him often in religious meetino-s said : "It 
seems as if he could speak." 

The remains, accompanied by immediate friends, 
were borne to Elm Grove Cemetery, near Wick- 
ford, and, in conformity with the wishes of Mr. Sher- 
man, expressed before death, were deposited in the 
receiving tomb, to remain there for a few weeks 
before burial. At the tomb Mr. I. Capron, Chaplain 
of Harmony Lodge, of which he was a member, read 
the beautiful burial service of that organization. 

Burial. — Subsequently (in the following May), 
in the presence of friends, his body was taken from 
the receiving tomb and placed in a receptacle of 
masonry which had been prepared with great care 
and excellence by his friend E. W. L., of Green- 



33 

wich. The Rev. J. F. Jones, Pastor of the Allenton 
Baptist Church, offered prayer at this, his last rest- 
ing place. There his sacred ashes shall doubtless 
sleep until comes the resurrection dawn, when, as he 
firmly believed, he will be "clothed upon" withabody 
not of corruption, but of incorruption ; with a body 
sown indeed in dishonor, but to be raised in glory ; 
a body sown in weakness, but to be raised in power ; 
a body sown a natural body, but to be raised an im- 
mortal and spiritual body. It shall be an eternal 
temple for the indwelling soul, of grand and beauti- 
ful mould, of divine workmanship, of eternal duration, 
and fitted for an everlasting life in the world of 
light ; " a temple not made with hands, eternal in 
the heavens." 

Brother, thou art gone to rest, 

We will not weep for thee, 
For thou art now where oft on earth 

Thy spirit longed to be. 

Brother, thou art gone to rest, 

Thy toils and cares are o'er, 
And sorrow, pain, and suffering now 

Shall ne'er distress thee more. 

Brother, thou art gone to rest, 

And this shall be our prayer, 
That when we reach our journey's end 

Thy glory we may share. 



Mr. Sherman's Character. 

/^q^illET us turn away now from the tearful sur- 
^ft^^- roundings and associations of this freshly 
jM^ai/;:! occupied grave, and contemplate for a few 
moments the character of him whose history we 
have briefly sketched. 

Literary Turn of Mind. — In the first place, Mr. 
Sherman was a man of decided literary taste and 
bent of mind. This became evident in his boyhood 
and youth. He was not satisfied, as we have seen, 
with the acquisition of the common English branches, 
as taught in his day in the district school. He 
sought the academy, and subsequently another pri- 
vate school, in order to supplement what he had al- 
ready learned by the acquisition of the higher and 
nobler truths of literary and scientific knowledge. 

For a time engaged in business, as a clerk, his 
natural proclivities again asserted themselves, and 
we find him at the age of twenty-three the editor of 
The Ladies Mirror, at Southbridge. We also 
find him here, on occasion, trying his hand at poetry, 
and thus furnishing the programme for Fourth of 
July celebrations of the town with odes and hymns. 
Later, several other poetic effusions fell from his pen. 
Subsequently he devoted more than thirty years 
of his life, and that the very strength of his manhood, 



1837384 



35 



to jaurnalistic enterprise, his time being divided 
between the Woonsockei Patriot, about nine years, 
and The Peiidtdttm, some twenty-three years. For 
a short time, also, he had charge of a campaign 
paper, RepubUcan in poHtics, called the Daily Na- 
tional Union, and published in Providence. 

As AN Editor and Journalist.— Mr. Sherman was 
always decided and pronounced in his views and 
utterances. He thoroughly believed what he said, 
and fearlessly said what he believed. No man could 
possibly mistake his position. He was ever a strong 
and unswerving adherent and advocate of whatever 
is worthy and noble in morals ; whatever is healthful 
and desirable in reform ; whatever is high-toned and 
true in politics and in religion. He might lose sub- 
scribers, as he did at Woonsocket, by denouncing 
the rum traffic and upholding the cause of temper- 
ance, but it mattered not to him when the weal of 
humanity was at stake. As a young publisher, he 
needed every subscriber, but he felt that his greatest 
and most imperative need was a clean conscience, 
and a mind that would act without fear or favor for 
the right, the true, and the good. 

Hence we find him throughout his long career 
in journalism ever and fearlessly, regardless of 
pecuniary gains or losses, promulgating what he 
honestly believed to be just, right, and true. His 
pen was ever and in the highest sense loyal to 
every reform, and to every movement which con- 
templated the uplifting and ennobling of men, 
whether in the realms of mind, morals, or religion. 



36 

A contemporary, speaking of The Penduhim, and 
Mr. Sherman's connection with the same, uses the 
following language : 

" It is not many years since that the only newspaper 
taken by many families in our town was The Rhode 
Island Pendiihim, ' swinging for all,' giving the 
local news each week, as well as the pith of the gen- 
eral news of the day. It was greeted on Friday 
evening as a dear old household friend. This was 
during its thriving days, under the care and editorship 
of its founder, the late William N. Sherman, who 
took great pride in the " swings" of Tlie Pendidtim, 
and labored to make it an honor to the profession. 
Under his guidance it contained the news, and not 
such portions as might tickle the fancy of some pet 
subscriber. When William N. Sherman published an 
article of news, no one could say to him as was said 
to one in ancient times, ' Why hath Satan filled thine 
heart to lie, and to keep back part ? ' " 

Mr. Sherman was never a 7nec hanual wnt&r. His 
compositions were always full of feeling and sentiment, 
and usually seasoned with enough of sensible humor 
and pleasantry to elicit and hold the attention of the 
reader, and to please as well as to instruct. He was 
himself exceedingly fond of both music and poetry, 
and these marked tastes of his usually left their im- 
press, to a greater or less extent, in the way of vi- 
vacity and sentiment, on his productions. 

One thing is especially worthy of note in connec- 
tion with his newspaper life — nothing was ever 
permitted to appear in the columns of his paper, 



37 

whether in the Hne of advertisement or of reading 
matter, that was not perfectly unexceptionable on the 
score of propriety and purity. There was never an 
issue from his press that could not be read entire, 
advertisements and all, by all the members of the 
most high-toned, pure and virtuous family, without 
the least hesitancy or unpleasant feeling. In this 
regard, he furnished an example in journalism which 
some of even our religious papers would do well to 
follow. 

Literary Associations. — We have said that Mr. 
Sherman was of a decided literary turn of mind. 
This, as we have seen, naturally led him into jour 
nalism. But this was not the only evidence of this 
strong bent in his intellectual composition. Fond 
of books, he had gathered together a large library. 
He was especially fond of history, biography, and 
above all of Biblical literature. With the latter, and 
with the Bible itself, he made himself most familiarly 
acquainted. 

He was one of the original movers in the action 
which secured to the town of Greenwich a public 
library, and one of the contributors to the original 
establishment. 

He was an honorary member of the Rhode Island 
Press Association. This association was not formed 
until after he had retired from active journalism, and 
hence he was precluded from being a regular mem- 
ber. At the annual meeting succeeding his decease 
a committee was appointed to draft a suitable memo- 
rial in recognition of the same, which was forwarded 



38 

to his family and placed upon the records of the so- 
ciety. 

During his residence at Wickford the " Wickford 
Literary Association" was formed in 1853. Mr. Sher- 
man was elected the first president, and held the of- 
fice until he commenced business in East Greenwich, 
when he resigned. This society was composed of 
ladies and gentlemen from the different churches 
and societies, together with the clergymen of the 
villag^e. It reo^istered more than one hundred 
names. 

He had been previously the president of a gentle- 
men and ladies' Literary Association in Woonsocket. 
He was elected an honorary member of the Phlog- 
nothian Society, a flourishing literary organization, 
in the East Greenwich Academy. He was also 
made an honorary member of the Rhode Island 
Press Association, in connection with Governor An- 
thony and other leading journalists of the State. 

A Good Business Man. — Mr. Sherman had, in 
many ways, very superior business qualifications. 
He was very careful about expenditures ; kept all 
his affairs snug and well in hand ; was active, ener- 
getic, prompt and orderly. He was slow to make a 
new move, but when he had decided to make it, he 
threw himself into the enterprise with all his might, 
determined, at all hazards, to make it a success. He 
made few promises, but kept to the letter and to the 
time those that he did make. Men always knew 
where to find him. 

A Providence eentleman, on reading several 



39 

newspaper notices after his death, remarked : 
"What! not one word about his business quaHfica- 
tions ? Why, I think his executive ability as a busi- 
ness man very great. He was ever prompt, ener- 
getic and methodical." 

Public-spirited. — Mr. Sherman took a lively in- 
terest in whatever pertained to the public good. 
Any movement contemplating the intellectual, moral 
or spiritual elevation of the community was sure to 
engage his immediate attention and sympathy. He 
not only advocated all movements looking to prog- 
ress and reform with his most willing pen, but he 
also took hold of the acttml wo7^k himself. Thus he 
was one of the constituent members in the formation 
of the Free Public Library of East Greenwich, and 
himself donated one hundred bound volumes to the 
same. 

In politics he was always on the side of law and 
order, temperance and freedom, justice and human- 
ity, education, morals, and progress. 

When the civil or Dorr war broke out in Rhode 
Island in 1842, contemplating the forcible overthrow 
of the legally constituted government, and of social 
and civil institutions as old and as venerable as the 
organization of the State, Mr. Sherman was quick to 
decide what was right, and what was his duty in the 
matter. Being himself incapacitated by ill-health to 
take his place in the law-and-order army, he volun- 
tarily (no one was drafted) hired a man to take his 
place, paying him the regular day's wages he had 
before been receiving-, and at the close of the rebel- 



40 

Hon turning over to him the bounty granted by the 
State to all volunteers. He was never the man to 
preach to others and to do nothing himself. 

" If to do were as easy as to know what were good 
to be done, chapels had been churches and poor 
men's cottages princes' palaces. It is a good divine 
that folloivs his own instructions y — Shakespeare. 

Soon after the close of the State rebellion just 
mentioned, the ladies of Wickford, wishing to ten- 
der to the Independent Company of Wickford Vol- 
unteers some testimonial of their respect and appre- 
ciation, purchased an elegant flag, and invited Mr. 
Sherman to make the presentation at the following 
Fourth of July celebration, in their behalf. This he 
consented to do, and in a few choice and pertinent 
remarks made the presentation. Capt. Thomas of 
the Pioneers, in fitting terms, pleasantly responded. 

He was ever decided and outspoken upon the 
great questions of the day. During the war of the 
slave-holders' rebellion, his age precluded him from 
becoming a member of the army, but his sympathies 
were strong, and his language unequivocal, bold, and 
outspoken in favor of the Union cause. No man 
could possibly misunderstand his position. 

When President Grant visited General Burnside at 
Bristol, on the occasion of his visit to Rhode Island, 
Mr. Sherman received a special invitation to join 
the party and dine with them. This is mentioned 
simply to show that he was recognized as a man 
who had taken a deep interest in the affairs of the 
nation ; for he was invited, not simply as a compli- 



41 



ment to the Rhode Island Pcjidiihini, but in recog- 
nition of his pubHc spirit, and extensive influence in 
the world of poHtics and reform. 

When President Hayes visited Rhode Island, in 
1880, Mr. Sherman was invited to join the Presi- 
dential party, who were to have a grand dinner and 
speeches on the shore of Providence River. On 
introducing him, General Burnside, who was present, 
remarked, " This is one of our most substantial cit- 
izens." On such an occasion, and from the lips of 
such a man, this was no unmeaning tribute. 

On all important public occasions, when anything 
important was to be done in his own town, Mr. Sher- 
man was always thought of and assigned to some 
important place or duty. Thus in Fourth of July cele- 
brations, on several occasions, he was represented 
on the programme in some honorable capacity. 
On the Fourth of July, 1876, the Centennial of 
the Nation's Independence was celebrated at East 
Greenwich with unusual demonstration. Mr. Sher- 
man w^as chosen as the presiding officer of the day, 
and likewise contributed an original hymn for the 
occasion. 

He was never ambitious of political distinction. 
A year or two before his death, the Republican Com- 
mittee of the town urged him to accept the nomina- 
tion for Chairman of the Town Council. He de- 
clined, and proposed the name of the man who was 
subsequently elected. 

He served at different times as Public Notary, 
Justice of the Peace of the town of North Kingston, 



42 

Legal Counsellor and Sheriff. On legal questions 
he was often consulted, and his advice and counsel 
were always given gratuitously. He was also made 
Trial Justice, or Judge, in the town of East Green- 
wich, on his removal to that place, as we find by 
the following record, found among his papers : 

"x-^t a town council, holden in and for the town 
of East Greenwich, on Saturday, the 2d day of 
July, A.D. 1 88 1, voted and declared that William 
N. Sherman be and he is hereby elected Trial Jus- 
tice in and for said town. 

" Edward Stanhope, 

" Council Clerk r 

An Odd Fellow. — Mr. Sherman had an especial 
admiration for the principles of Odd Fellowship, 
holding them in the highest regard. He therefore 
united with Harmony Lodge, No. 5, I. O. O. F., of 
East Greenwich. Of this organization he was chap- 
lain for many years. 

In December, 1881, while in Greenwich, feeling 
that he was drawing near to the end of life, he sent 
for a member of the lodge, to whom he gave direc- 
tions with reference to the arrangement of his grave. 
He also named to him whom he would prefer as his 
bearers, viz. : Hon. R. P. Alexander, No. 6 Office 
Scarlet Number ; S. A. Slocum, Past Grand ; L. 
Aylesworth, Past Grand ; E. M. Lowell, Past Grand. 
J. Capron, chaplain at the time of his funeral, read 
the beautiful burial service of this order at the tomb. 

The following memorial resolutions were passed 
by a sister lodge in Rutland, Vermont, where he died : 



43 
" Memorial Resolutions. 

" At a regular meeting of Killington Lodge, No. 
29, of Odd Fellows, the following resolutions were 
adopted : 

" Whereas, The death in our midst of Brother 
William N. Sherman, a member of Harmony Lodge, 
No. 5, in the jurisdiction of Rhode Island, makes it 
appropriate for us in our fraternal relations to ex- 
tend our condolence to those who were so long as- 
sociated with him and knew him in the bonds of 
friendship, love and truth, and to manifest our esteem 
for his useful and benevolent life ; therefore be it 

" Resolved, That in the death of Brother William 
N. Sherman the fraternity of Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows has lost a member whose religious and 
benevolent impulses led to the elevation and im- 
provement of his fellow-men. A lover of his race, 
he provided instruction for the people ; a Christian, 
he remembered the needs of the poor and those 
seeking for a higher and better life ; a philanthropist 
and benefactor, he sought to relieve the downtrod- 
den and distressed in the spirit of Odd Fellowship. 

" Resolved, That Killington Lodge, No. 29, tender 
their sympathy and condolence with Harmony Lodge 
of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, on the decease of 
a brother who honored them by his membership, 
and they have reason to take great pride in his use- 
ful life and benevolent deeds, so expressive of the 
principles which are the groundwork of their order. 
" Resolved, That the members of this lodge, appre- 



44 

ciating the kindly life and useful public services of 
their brother, and feeling a deep sense of the sor- 
rowful affliction that has come to their household, 
extend to the devoted wife and to the family of John 
A. Mead, M. D., our fraternal sympathy in their 
great bereavement. 

''Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon 
the records of this lodge, and a copy thereof be sent 
to the Harmony Lodge, and to the family of the de- 
ceased. 

" Resolved, That these resolutions be published in 
the village newspapers, and in the Guide, of Albany, 
N. Y." 

After Mr. Sherman's decease, Mrs. Sherman pre- 
sented the lodge with his picture. The following, 
will further explain : 

East Greenwich, R. I., Dec. 14, 1883. 
Mrs. W. N. Skej'-man. 

Dear Madam : Complying with your request of 
the loth inst., I last evening called at Miss Law- 
ton's and received the picture of your respected 
husband and our late Brother Sherman. At a 
proper moment, during the lodge session, I advanced 
to the position usually occupied on such occasions, 
and after some appropriate remarks presented the 
lodge in your behalf with the portrait, etc. The 
same was unanimously received, and a vote of thanks 
tendered the donor, of which last I hereby inform 
you at the request of the secretary, who duly made 
record accordingly. A committee was appointed to 
hang the picture in some suitable position in the 
lodge rooms. Informing Mr. Kenyon of the occur- 
rence, he has requested me to write a few lines for 



45 

publication in The Pendtiluin, which I have just 
comphed with. 

I have the honor to remain, 

Very respectfully yours, 

M. M. Reynolds. 

A Temperance Man. — As was indicated on a pre" 
vious page, Mr. Sherman was ever a strong and de- 
termined advocate of temperance. Publicly and 
privately he threw all the weight of his pen and of 
his influence on the side of strict temperance. But 
he had contracted a habit in his younger days which, 
though not generally regarded as in any degree in- 
compatible with strict temperance principles, became 
to himy the more he dwelt upon it, a matter of an- 
noyance and of self-irritation, as an injury to himself. 
Was the use of tobacco, strictly and in the highest 
sense, right, for a thorough temperance man and 
a Christian ? Were smoking and chewing habits 
proper and fitting in one who was of necessity a con- 
stant example to the young ? Was it not true that 
these habits not unfrequently led to the positive 
vices of drinking and dissipation ? At any rate, did 
any good ever come out of them } Were they not, 
to say the least, more evil than good ? 

Questions like these arose in the mind of Mr. 
Sherman, after he had indulged in the use of to- 
bacco for many years. But questions like these, 
once seriously entertained and considered, were with 
him raised to be settled right. He declared that this 
practice must cease. But a habit of years is not so 
easily dislodged. His first attempt failed. He tried 



46 



ao^ain and ao^ain ; the old and well intrenched indul- 
gence conquered. He finally said to himself that 
here was a thing that ought to be done, and that 
now it should be done. He would be henceforth 
his own master. He now conquered, and for thirty 
years before his death he was untrammelled and 
free. " He that governeth his own spirit is greater 
than he that taketh a city," and he that "keeps his 
body under" is as great as he "that governeth his 
spirit." 

Fond of Children. — Scarcely any one thing re- 
veals more of one's character than the disposition one 
manifests towards children and youth. Mr. Sherman 
was very fond of children. This explains in no small 
degree his great interest and enthusiasm during all 
his life in the Sabbath-school. This love for little 
people he showed very decidedly on all occasions. 
When, in the autumn of 1876, he visited Mount 
Vernon, Va., he gathered from the ground a quan- 
tity of acorns. These he dispensed among the 
children of his mission Sabbath-school, giving every 
member of it at least one, and some many more ; at 
the same time he most thoughtfully took advantage 
of so fitting an occasion to talk to the children about 
the good and great Washington, who lay entombed 
in the place whence these nuts were brought. It is 
not necessary to say that lessons thus taught and 
thus enforced could not soon die out of the hearts of 
the little listeners. 

Love begets love. Children have keen instincts. 
They are quick to see who love them, and as quick 



47 

to return the tender feeling. Children soon learned 
to love him. Says one who knew him intimately and 
well: "Little children were greatly attached to Mr. 
Sherman. During his sickness, several came to in- 
quire about him, bringing him bouquets of flowers. 
This always touched and greatly delighted him." 

On one occasion a company of children were tell- 
ing one another what they were going to be when 
grown up. One, the son of Rev. Mr. Rouse, a for- 
mer Rector of the Episcopal Church in Wickford, 
said : " Well, when I am a man I am going to be 
Mr. Sherman." 

He was exceedingly attached to his little grand- 
daughter, " Daisy." When he " fell asleep "and she 
was told that he would never waken again in this 
world, she ran for a book and laid it in his hands, 
that he might, as she said, pass his time pleasantly 
in reading while on his journey. 

She was then only a little over three years old, 
but she often now recalls their warm mutual affec- 
tion. It was to him a moment of supreme delight 
when first her baby lips called him " Bampa." 

Fond of Music. — It is easy to understand how a 
person who is fond of children should also be fond 
of music, and of art, and indeed of nature, and of all 
things beautiful. All alike address the sensibilities, 
the tenderer, richer, sweeter faculties of the soul. 
Children, music, painting, statuary, flowers — they 
all alike belong to the same blessed category of ob- 
jects which elicit the best emotions of the human 
soul ! He who said, " Suffer litde children to come 



48 

unto me and forbid them not," was also fond o( son£-, 
and was accustomed in company with his disciples 
to sm£- the sweet psalms of David. "When they 
had sung a hymn they went out." 

It was he also, who, in his sweet admiration of 
Nature and Nature's works, on one occasion cried 
out, " Behold the lilies of the field, they toil not, 
neither do they spin, and yet I say unto you that 
Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of 
these." 

There is a natural congruity between a fondness 
for music and a soft and kindly heart and disposi- 
tion. " The man that hath not music in himself, nor 
is not moved with concord of sweet sounds, is fit for 
treason, stratagem, and spoils. Let no such man 
be trusted." 

Mr. Sherman was not only excessively fond of 
music, but he was accustomed himself not unfre- 
quently to engage in the delightful exercise of sing- 
ing, whether as pastime or as devotion. He was a 
good singer, and when he sang he seemed to be en- 
gaged to the very centre and core of his being. 
Singing, as an element of public worship, in the 
honor of God, was to him ever a peculiar and su- 
preme delight. Singing the sweet songs of Israel, 
in the conference room, was also always a great 
solace and a joy. 

One Sunday morning, during his sickness in 
Rutland, he remarked that he should like to hear 
the chapelites sing, referring to his mission church 
at home. He was told that the doors should be 



49 

opened to the parlor, that the piano should be 
opened, and that they would sing. This being done, 
he said to the nurse : "This is heavenly. It lifts me 
up." The next morning he remarked to Mrs. 
Sherman that he should be very glad if she and 
Mr. Reed (the nurse, who was a very fine singer,) 
would go to the parlor and sing again. Again he 
was thrilled with the delightful melody of sacred 
song. His spirit was borne aloft as on wings of 
holy triumph, and he expressed the thought that 
if another opportunity was ever offered him, he 
could dilate, from joyous experience, and as never 
before, on the grandeur and glory of the Christian's 
faith and the Christian's hope — the blessed inheri- 
tance of the saints of God. 

Mr. Sherman was fond of instrumental as well as 
of vocal music. He keenly enjoyed the piano, and 
not unfrequently called for some piece of music at 
the skilful touch of his music-loving wife. 

He was himself no indifferent player on the violin 
and the flute ; and when the labor of the day was 
over, and he was at liberty to sit down at home in 
the quiet of the evening hour, he would accompany 
Mrs. Sherman on the piano with one of the above- 
mentioned instruments, entering into the perform- 
ance with great zeal and enthusiasm. 

Fond of Home. — Judge Sherman, of Providence, 
once remarked to a gentleman who was inquiring for 
Mr. Sherman : " If you wish to see William Sher- 
man, you must look for him at his home. You will 
never find him lounging in stores, and at street cor- 

4 



50 

ners, inquiring the news, and holding forth on poHti- 
cal questions." 

A gentleman, on reading the newspaper notices of 
him after his death, remarked : " And nothing about 
his happy family relations, which were so delightful!" 

Having once learned that Mr. Sherman was a 
lover of art, music, and children, one can easily un- 
derstand that he would be also a lover of home. Such 
he was, and as such he made it a point to make home 
pleasant and attractive. Everything in and about 
his home was neat, cleanly, and in good order. The 
grounds were ever nicely kept, the trees and shrub- 
bery always well trimmed and cared for, and every- 
where there was an air of order, nicety, and comfort. 
Within were papers and periodicals of all descrip- 
tions, and a large and well-filled library. Here, also, 
and sympathizing with him in all his labors — indeed, 
rather, may we say, an efficient co-laborer with him 
in all his benevolent, charitable, and religious enter- 
prises — was the one spirit in whom of all earthly be- 
ings his soul most delighted. Here was his only child, 
who, educated and cultured, had in early life given 
herself to his own faith, his own church, and his own 
Lord and Saviour. Here, at evening and ready for 
his use, were his flute, and his violin, and his piano, 
with skilful fingei-s for its touch. Having made for 
himself such a home, it is not hard to understand 
that he should richly enjoy it. 

This fondness for and appreciation of home ex- 
plains the following remark of his companionable 
wife, who, speaking of his confinement to the house 



51 

by sickness, said : " The quiet companionship en- 
joyed during the weeks and months after he was con- 
fined to his room in Rutland will ever be cherished 
as sacred memories." 

Mrs. Sherman had the entire care of him until 
about a month before his death. When he became too 
feeble to help himself, a nurse was called in to assist, 
Mrs. Sherman never leaving him for a single night. 
A Vein of Humor. — There was a decided vein 
of humor in Mr. Sherman's character. It manifested 
itself constantly in his conversation and in his written 
productions, and added zest and sparkle to both. 
The popularity of his articles as a journalist was due 
in no small degree to this " Attic salt," which sea- 
soned so largely all that he wrote. 

Properly tempered by other mental forces, wit and 
humor are most valuable constituents of mind. Their 
presence has a constant leavening influence upon the 
dull routine of daily life, and infuses into the most dull 
and prosy features of it a certain positive relief and 
exhilaration. They add not a little to the pleasures 
of home and the fireside, and become thus most val- 
uable constituents of character. These elements of 
soul were present in pleasant proportion in the 
make-up of Mr. Sherman. 

A Christian Man.— Mr. Sherman was, througn 
and through, a Christian man. He was converted at 
the early age of eleven. He was at this time attend- 
ing the Fh-st Baptist Church of North Kingston, 
un'der the pastoral charge of his uncle, William 
Northup, to whom allusion has already been made. 



52 

He did not immediately unite with the church, think- 
ing, perhaps, as so many persons do, that he was too 
young to commit himself to responsibihties so grave. 
He may also have felt it best to wait until some 
experience in life should convince him that he was 
truly a regenerated soul. He desired to be con- 
vinced of his true discipleship before he ventured to 
assert himself a member of Christ's visible body. 
However this may be, he evidently did not lose his 
youthful faith by waiting. As the years went on, his 
religion became to him a more profound and a more 
precious conviction. The germ of spiritual life im- 
planted so early in his soul took root deeper and 
deeper, and its growth was constant and decided. 
Accordingly, in 1838, at the age of twenty-nine, he 
united with the First Baptist Church in Woonsocket. 
From this time to the day of his death he kept up 
his church connections with fervor and zeal wherever 
he happened to live. 

Mr, Sherman's religion was not an. empty profes- 
sion. It was not a form. It was not a Sunday garb. 
It did not consist in going to church and listening to 
a sermon. It did not occupy and exhaust itself in 
discussing theological knots and Biblical difficulties. 
It was not an outside show to win confidence and 
respectability. Mr. Sherman's faith was a life. It 
was a life that had rooted itself deep in his soul. It 
dwelt there. It absorbed the strength of his soul. 
When he took possession of it, it took possession of 
him, and ever held that possession firm and strong. 
By its vigorous life and growth it gradually stran- 



53 

gled the native vices of a sinful nature, while it itself 
gradually put out the buds and blossoms of the 
Christian graces and charities. 

He was not bigoted, but tolerant of the religious 
views of others. He believed that there was true 
piety represented in all faiths. He loved indeed his 
own denomination, because he was a man of strong 
convictions, and he believed that the Baptist confes- 
sion of faith most nearly represented the teachings of 
the New Testament. But while he loved especially 
his own particular form of faith, he fellovvshipped and 
loved any and every soul in whom he could discern 
the spiritual lineaments of the Lord Jesus Christ. 
To him piety was better than profession, love than 
creed, and charity than church, and he who truly 
possessed these, in whatever fold of the Shepherd, 
won his esteem and his affection. 

A religion that is a lifc'x's, never inactive. It ever 
finds something to do. In a world of iniquity it 
finds the bad to reclaim ; in a world of intemperance 
it finds inebriates to reform ; in a world of igno- 
rance it finds people to educate ; in a world of pov- 
erty it finds misery to relieve ; in a world of lost 
sinners it finds souls to save. Along all these lines, 
a true religion finds always and everywhere some- 
thing to do. Seeing everywhere these pitiable 
scenes among men, the true Christian can never look 
on, an idle beholder. He must put forth a helping 
hand. Such did Mr. Sherman in all these direc- 
tions. 

" Pure religion and undefiled before God and the 



54 

Father is this, to visit the fatherless and the widow in 
their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from 
the world." 

It will be seen, further on, what claims Mr. Sher- 
man had to be regarded, under the above rule, as 
one who possessed "pure religion and undefiled be- 
fore God and the Father." 

Bible Reading. — Mr. Sherman was a close student 
of the Bible. To him, from boyhood, the Bible was 
indeed the Book of Books. Naturally of a strong 
religious bent, he had, In early life, been deeply im- 
pressed by the preaching of his Uncle Northup, to 
whom reference has been made. 

While at Wickford, and waiting for returning 
health, he read four entire volumes of the " Com- 
preJicnsive Cominentary of the Bible y The volumes 
contain about one thousand pages each, and all the 
reading matter except the text itself is printed in 
small type. Conversant and familiar with the Scrip- 
tures himself, he greatly enjoyed conversation and 
discussion on sacred themes. He therefore sought 
the society of clergymen and religious teachers and 
thinkers. His house was often opened for the en- 
tertainment of ministers. Indeed, as one acquainted 
with the fact has said, " His house, from the time he 
commenced housekeeping until the day of his death, 
might well be called a minister's hotel, so frequently 
were clergymen entertained over night and at other 
times." One clergyman, an agent of the Bible So- 
ciety, spent Sabbath day with him once each year, 
for twelve consecutive years. This man, as being 



55 

the representative of religious service, was always- 
welcome, and more than welcome, and would have 
been if the twelve had continued to twelve times 
twelve. 

These visits from men of God made red-letter 
days for him, because of his fondness for religious,, 
theological, and Biblical discussions. He used to say 
that ministers always paid their way in the delight- 
ful conferences and conversations of which they 
were thus the occasion. Young clergymen, students 
from the colleges and theological seminaries, stopping 
with him over Sunday to preach at Marlboro' Chapel, 
often expressed themselves as pleased with an op- 
portunity of conversing with one so thoroughly versed 
in a knowledore of the sacred writincrs. Some of 
the students, on leaving the neighboring academy, 
expressed their gratitude and obligation to him for 
the encouragement and assistance he had rendered 
them. 

As the chapel was without a pastor, Mr. Sherman 
usually conducted the regular Wednesday evening 
prayer-meeting. For this service he made special 
preparation for the opening introductory remarks. 
These are said, by those who listened, to have been 
always of a most interesting and practical character. 
On one occasion, at the close of an evening meet- 
ing, Deacon P., who was present, remarked that 
" Mr. Sherman's appeal that evening was one of the 
strongest he ever heard." 

Mr. Sherman was asked to be ordained as a 
deacon, but he declined to accede to this request.. 



56 

Many people, however, seem to have been accus- 
tomed to think of him as a clergyman. A young 
man came to his house one day and inquired it 
Elder Sherman lived there. On being told that 
Mr. Sherman resided there, he seemed greatly sur- 
prised and perplexed, saying : " Why, isn't he a 
minister? Doesn't he preach sometimes ? He con- 
ducts religious services occasionally, does he not ? " 
And then, looking up, with eyes full of curiosity and 
mingled anxiety, he said: "Well, now, to whom 
shall I go ? I desire to be married." 

Kind to the Poor and the Suffering. — The 
suffering, the poor, and the needy found in him a 
ready and sympathizing friend. He often extended 
the hand of help and charity to the unfortunate. 
He frequently aided by material means those who 
were wishing but were unable to establish themselves 
in business. 

Long will he be missed in the streets of East 
Greenwich, which so many years he made his home, 
and which in so many ways he benefited alike by 
private charities to its poor, and by public benefac- 
tions to its educational and religious institutions, 
contributing ever to its needs, and endeavoring to 
elevate its citizenship, alike with his pen and his 
purse, and in constant personal effort in scores of 
other methods. 

Pleasant and inspiring memories are these of a 
noble and unselfish life ; of a soul instinct with the 
needs and wants of humanity, and a disposition and 
a wall ready ever to lend a helping hand. He evi- 



57 

dently felt the force of Edward Everett Hale's beau- 
tiful motto in Ten Times Ten : 

" Look up and not down, 
Look forward and not backward, 
And lend a helping hand." 

His charities were not of the kind which occur only 
on great occasions and then " blow a trumpet be- 
fore them." But springing from a Christian life and 
Christian principle, from that fountain whence only 
and ever they spring in purity and in moral beauty, 
they found their way, quietly and without demon- 
stration, flowing into those channels where it seemed 
to him they could accomplish the most of good. 

Feeling, as the true Christian alone can feel, that 
he himself had been the subject of infinite charity, 
love, and grace in Christ's great redemption work for 
him ; feeling that all he most prized on earth, and all 
that he most hoped for in the life beyond, was to him 
a pure gift of divine love and grace, his heart had 
been deeply and profoundly touched, and he desired 
to make some small return for all those infinite lov- 
ing favors and blessings. 

The Communion Service. — In this view we can 
easily understand how it was that the Communion 
service, that sacred ordinance which, more than any 
other known to the Church, commemorates the love, 
condescension, the self-denial, and the self-sacrifice 
of our Lord, was to him an occasion of inexpressible 
solemnity and sacredness, and of the most tender and 
profound devotional experiences. He ever seemed 

5 



58 

to feel on these occasions that the Saviour was espe- 
cially near to him. With him it was ever true dur- 
ing this memorial service, " As oft as ye do it, do it 
in remembrance of me!' 

It was that remembrance deepened and inten- 
sified that gathered out of the streets children for 
the Sabbath-school, that instituted the " Shore meet- 
ings," that established the colored school at his own 
house, that built Marlboro' Chapel, that extended so 
■often to the needy the hand of charity. " As oft as 
ye do it unto them, ye do it unto me." 

The Sabbath Day. — The subject of these me- 
moirs believed fully in the old New England Sab- 
bath. He felt that the command of the old Mosaic 
Decalogue was still binding, and accordingly he 
felt it his duty to observe in all its fulness of mean- 
ing the command, " Remember the Sabbath day to 
keep it holy." He was not superstitious. His good 
common sense could distinguish between faith and 
credulity, between religion and superstition. But 
the reading of the Bible to him was clear and explicit, 
that Sunday is "the Sabbath of the Lord," and that 
it was to be divided, severed completely in character 
and observance, from the other days of the week. 
All unnecessary work, all business, all recreation and 
.amusement was now to be put aside. The day must 
be devoted to quiet, to religious or instructive secu- 
lar reading, and to worship. 

As an illustration of his regard for the Sabbath, 
the following incident is full of significance : When 
living in Wickford, a creditor of his, who owed him 



59 

a sum of money, came a journey of several miles on 
the Sabbath to make settlement. Mr. Sherman re- 
fused to accept the money, saying that there were 
other days in the week in which to settle accounts. 

The Sabbath-school was a field of Christian la- 
bor in which Mr. Sherman took very great delight. 
Among the very first things he did on his removal 
to Woonsocket was to gather up out of the streets 
and the lanes of the village, " out of the highways 
and the hedges," the idle, outcast, Sabbath-breakinor 
children roaming the streets listlessly, or in search 
of mischief, ragged wretches for whom, in their deg- 
radation and poverty, no one seemed to have any 
pity or sympathy. He looked upon these little vag- 
abonds, unattractive, sometimes uncleanly, and some- 
times even repulsive in their exterior, and looking 
deeper than upon the mere outside, he saw in them 
minds and souls made of the same material as his 
own — saw within their rough exteriors the germs of 
eternal being, germs of infinite worth, and capacities 
for infinite development — souls immortal ; however 
buried now in external unsightliness and squalor, 
yet. after all, souls immortal, all the same, for whom 
Christ died. 

Missionary Work. — He at once secured the use 
of a neio-hborinof school-house, and so far as he was 
able he gathered therein and formed into a Sabbath- 
school these little neglected waifs, heretofore un- 
known and uncared for by the Church of Christ. 

The school thus formed, he did not leave to the 
care of others, considering now his duty done. On 



6o 



the contrary, calling in the aid and co-operation of 
his excellent mission-loving Christian wife, he care- 
fully tended and nursed his charge until it grew into 
a strong organization of some three hundred mem- 
bers, embod} ing now all kinds and conditions of 
children and youth. This organization thus com- 
menced was afterwards received under the protec- 
tion, care and guardianship of the Baptist Church of 
Woonsocket, and continues to exist to-day, the 
flourishing Sabbath-school of that society. 

This strong interest in the religious education of 
children, and especially of the neglected classes, con- 
tinued to manifest itself most conspicuously in his 
character wherever he made his home. In Wick- 
ford, and afterwards at Greenwich, he showed the 
same intense interest in these directions. 

Shore Meetings. — On one occasion, while in 
Greenwich, happening to go of a Sunday down to 
the wharves along the shore, and seeing there a list- 
less company of men and boys smoking, playing, 
and in various ways desecrating the Sabbath, his 
sympathies were at once stirred within him as in 
Woonsocket before, and he began to cast about to 
see what could be done. He saw at once that many 
of them, being grown men, could not be induced 
to go within the circle of any Sabbath-school. He 
therefore decided that, inasmuch as he could not 
get them to come to him within the inclosure of the 
walls of church or chapel, he must go to them if he 
would do them any good. He accordingly insti- 
tuted what were afterwards known as " The Shore 



6i 



Meetings." To these outdoor gatherings large 
numbers of these low, rough people, old and young 
alike, came, and were thus brought for the first time 
in their life under Christian influences, and under 
the sound of direct Gospel preaching. Good was 
accomplished in these shore meetings. The good 
seed was scattered, and some, there and then, were 
induced to lead a nobler and better life ; but the full 
result, the complete harvest, can be known only when 
in the last day the " reapers shall be the angels." 

Here, as elsewhere, Mr. Sherman not only worked 
himself, but he also secured the help of others, 
whose sympathies he was enabled to enlist in the 
good cause. 

He was himself very effective in his method of 
reaching people, and in the presentation of religious 
truth. He was familiar with the Scriptures ; he be- 
lieved them with all his heart ; he knew human na- 
ture, also, and how to bring the former to bear upon 
the latter. Of this fact the following little incident 
will serve as an illustration : 

The Rev. Mr. Richardson, who was pastor of the 
Baptist Church in Rutland, and with whom he en- 
joyed a pleasant acquaintance, was accustomed to 
visit him. His first visit, which was during Mr. 
Sherman's sickness, was on Thursday afternoon, be- 
fore the regular prayer-meeting of his church. He 
said to Mr. Sherman's daughter, " I took your 
father's remarks in the evening meeting and made 
them the topic for our evening service, and we had 
the best meeting that I ever attended. Even old 



62 



Deacon M., who has passed through many revivals, 
was melted to tears." 

Colored Mission School. — Of his constant 
Christian sympathy for and interest in the poor and 
the neglected, there are abundant illustrations. In all' 
this it should be noted that he ever found in Mrs, 
Sherman a most willing and enthusiastic helper. As 
they were united Christian copartners in faith, sO' 
also were they united and active copartners in every 
form of Christian and missionary work and labor. 
The writer remembers well the little gathering 
which used to occupy regularly, Sunday evenings, 
one or two rooms in the basement of Rose Cottage, 
for religious converse and instruction. It was com- 
posed entirely of colored people. It was most 
delightful to note their interest and enthusiasm in 
these religious exercises, — to hear them talk and 
testify, and then to hear them sing so grandly and 
feelingly, " making melody in their heart unto the 
Lord." These colored gatherings were productive 
of great good, and are, among these people, most 
gratefully remembered unto this day. 

The following letter, read at the Baptist S. S. Con- 
vention, will further indicate the character, growth, 
and religious value of these colored Sabbath-school 
and conference gatherings. 

To the Rhode Island Baptist Sabbath-school Convention, 
the Little Mission School and Bible Class of East 
Greenwich send greeting : 

Christians : This little school was formed Feb- 
ruary I, 1866, and has increased from 3 little col- 



63 

ored girls to 8i scholars. It is, and always has been, 
held in our own dwelling- house, and was fathered in 
by and received only the care and instructions of 
Mrs. Sherman. She has labored in the cause with 
great zeal, and has had the real pleasure of seeing 
the Lord's work prosper among these humble ones 
under her untiring efforts. 

In December, 1868, the writer, in connection with 
the school, in the same rooms, gathered a Bible class 
from the "highways and hedges" of our vicinity, a 
number of the class being contrabands. On this 
class book we have enrolled the names of i5^ indi- 
viduals — 65 being the largest number present on any 
one Sabbath. From our 2 classes 9 of our number 
have united with different churches since the com- 
mencement of the present year — 7 by baptism and 
2 by experience. Others have desired the prayers 
of the class, and profess a love for the cause, and 
have their faces heavenward. We have men and 
women of talent in our class — persons of deep-toned 
piety — and this piety has often been beautifully ex- 
hibited at the close of our lessons by a transforma- 
tion from a Bible class into a prayer-meeting. Many 
of these persons are contrabands, and they exert a 
good mfluence over their colored friends and others. 
Once a month the lesson is omitted and the time is 
spent in prayer and conference. We have also a 
service of praise for a half hour or more at the close 
of every evening's exercises. The singing is often- 
times heavenly. The notes of Canaan from the lips 
of these deeply devoted ones have the true spirit of 



64 

melody. The sacred old songs of the sunny South 
are often sung with a soul-stirring and happy effect. 

Had we time to write, and the Convention time 
to listen, we could mve scores of interesting and 
even thrilling facts connected with our classes, but 
as we are yet strangers to the State Sabbath School 
Convention, we will not claim an undue portion of 
its valuable time. 

Perhaps, however, we ought to say that we circu- 
late Sabbath-school and temperance papers freely. 
We feel that God is doing a good work through us. 
To Him and Him alone be all the glory. 
In behalf of the Mission, 

W. N. Sherman. 

Marlboro' Chapel. — But what Mr. Sherman was 
accomplishing in these limited quarters, less system- 
atically and successfully and permanently than from 
the nature of the case was his wish, he was now 
preparing- to accomplish in another place much more 
to his satisfaction. 

At his own expense, and at a cost of about 
$5,000, in a religiously neglected part of the town 
he now built a chapel, for the free worship of all, 
black or white, high or low, rich or poor, who might 
choose to come in. There, as soon as completed, he 
now instituted a Sabbath-school, with full equipment 
of teachers, library, etc. To this also was now trans- 
ferred the Mission Sabbath-school of colored people, 
which for seven years had been accustomed to as- 
semble at his own house. Here, mainly at his own 



65 

private expense, he instituted and sustained the 
regular preaching of the Gospel, from this time until 
the day of his death, a period of many years. 

The chapel, capable of seating about three hun- 
dred persons, was well attended. Scores of souls 
were converted, and a church was formed. The 
character of the work and how it was blessed may 
be gathered from one or two simple incidents in 
connection with the same. A poor widow who had 
not been to church for over forty years was in- 
duced to attend these chapel meetings. She be- 
came interested, became anxious about herself, 
was converted, and developed into a consecrated 
and active Christian. Again, a man and his wife 
who had been intemperate, and had not been to 
church for twenty-four years, came to the chapel, 
and were converted. This new church is men- 
tioned in the recently published history of the town. 
It was known as a Mission Church. There was no 
regular pastorate, but supplies were regularly se- 
cured from other churches, and from academies 
and colleges, of students preparing for the ministry. 
It was indeed, as its name indicates, a free church — 
as free in form of faith, if that faith was orthodox, as 
it was free in sittings ; consequently ministers of all 
evangelical denominations were welcomed to its pul- 
pit. This freedom of religous belief was not per- 
mitted, however, to degenerate into license. Its 
membership was composed, as was right, of only 
those who believed and testified that they had ex- 
perienced the iiezv birth, and found full and com- 



66 



plete forgiveness of sins in the grace and mercy of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. 

It fell to the lot of the writer of these memoirs 
to conduct the pulpit exercises here on several occa- 
sions. It was to him always a most delightful task. 
The people were always orderly and attentive, and 
showed by look and manner that they had come to 
church for the purpose of true worship, and of 
receiving religious instruction. 

Meetings have been sustained here for the greater 
part of the time since the decease of Mr. Sherman. 
During one year, under the preaching of a student 
from the academy, some twenty conversions were 
reported. 

The following extract from a report to the Baptist 
Convention will indicate more fully what this church, 
an enterprise of Marboro Chapel, was and had been 
accomplishing. 

" The tenth anniversary of our school was held 
Saturday evening, February 5, 1870. It was re- 
ported that over fifty families connected with the 
school since its commencement had removed from 
the town. Total number of baptisms in the school 
since its commencement, forty-two. Two of the 
members gathered in had not attended church for 
more than twenty years, and one for nearly forty 
years. Our oldest scholar is seventy-five years old. 
A beloved teacher, Mrs. Gracie D. Fish, died in 
March, in full hope of an abundant entrance into 
rest. Our last two concerts were held on Saturday 
evenings with large congregations, and we like it 



67 



better than on Sunday evenings, as it does not en- 
croach upon our regular Sabbath worship. We 
have learned ' to labor and to wait.'" The largest 
number of scholars at one time at the mission school 
at the chapel was one hundred and eleven. 

Daughter's Conversion. — He that giveth re- 
ceiveth full measure, pressed down and running over. 
" It is more blessed to give than to receive." Was 
it an illustration of this ever-beautiful and ever-true 
teaching of the Gospel of Christ, so faithfully preached 
in this newly erected chapel, now consecrated to the 
worship of God, that when doing for others, we are 
always most effectually doing for ourselves ? Was 
it a most pleasant fulfilment of this Bible promise, 
that the only daughter of the founder of this reli- 
gious charity was the very first to find and make 
her own in this very chapel that Christ whom her 
father had worshipped for so many years, and whom 
he now, with a yet more consecrated faith, was 
tr)'ing to honor and serve within these walls, which 
he had erected as a loving benefaction alike to the 
lowly poor and to his God ? At any rate such a 
blessed fulfilment there was, and as the happy father 
now looked upon his only child and saw her in the 
freshness and fervor of youth consecrating her life 
to the same church, to the same faith, and to the 
same glorious cause for which he had been laboring 
for well-nigh fifty years, we may well believe that- he 
felt that he had found a reward sufficient, yes, am- 
ple beyond the power of language to express, for all 
he had done and all he had expended in the past. 



68 



" He that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, 
and I will love \\\vc\,2.v\d. will manifest myself unto 
him. " 

The Truest Happiness. — True it is beyond ques- 
tion that the highest and truest happiness comes 
from doing good. Not when we work for ourselves, 
but when we labor for others, are we most truly 
blessed. On the occasion of the opening of the 
chapel for public worship, Rev. Mr. Aldrich, who 
was present and took part in the services, re- 
marked : " How heavenly Mr. Sherman has looked 
all day." Many others noted the same thing, while 
one Christian friend remarked to Mr. Sherman : 
" Well, brother, this is your coronation day, isn't it? " 
Yes, and that crown, a crown of unfading amaranth 
and gold he now wears, where now he lives, and 
loves, and serves as king and high priest in the eter- 
nal temple of his Father and his God. 

Newspaper Notices. — The following notices of 
Marlboro Chapel from the local papers will be of in- 
terest, in this connection : 

[From the Providence Journal.^ 

Opening of Marlboro Street Chapel. — This 
new and beautiful edifice, built solely by the liber- 
ality of W. N. Sherman, of The Pendulum, was 
opened on last Sunday afternoon as a free church. 
The introductory prayer was offered by Rev. G. M. 
Alvord, of the Methodist Church, and the introduc- 
tory sermon was preached by Rev. Justus Aldrich. 
The chapel was crowded with attentive hearers, and 



69 

also in the evening the house was packed. The 
whole congregation sang some of those good old 
tunes, and blessed words such as our fathers and 
mothers used to sing, accompanied by the sweet 
notes, of a fine organ, the fruits of Mr. Sherman's 
liberality. The chapel is a very fine building, and 
under the control of its proprietor it will be not only 
an ornament, but a blessing to the town. The poor 
here have the Gospel preached to them. 



[From the Providence Golden Rule, under date of August i6, 
1873.1 

The Free Church at Greenwich. 

Last Sabbath we were at Greenwich, R. I., and 
there we found a Free Church. At an expense 
of some $5,000, Mr. Sherman, of The Pendulum, 
about a year ago purchased a site and built upon 
it a church. Not far from it is his residence, and 
for nine months now by himself, together with Mrs. 
Sherman, his wife, has all the cares and responsi- 
bilities of even the menial labor of the same been 
looked after and met. They ring their own bell for 
services and pay all the bills of expense for them, 
whatever they may be. 

In speaking of it they say it is 1^ Mission Church ; 
and the undertaking in the first place, as now, has 
been for the purpose of saving, if possible, those who 
are not much in the habit of attending the house of 
Divine worship, anywhere or at any time. 

In lookinorover their town they found that there 



70 



were many who would be glad to avail themselves 
of the opportunity of hearing the word of God on 
Sunday, but, for reasons which they would not care 
to give to the world perhaps, they could not do so. 

And so these noble-heartecl Christians have taken 
the work in hand and prosecuted, with a zeal worthy 
of their high calling in Christ Jesus, the venture at 
a sacrifice and a cost. 

Concerning the fruits of their labor, so far they 
are well satisfied that it has not been in vain. Many 
have at their little church found peace in believing. 

Previous to starting the inissioii, however, they 
had made it a practice to gather in on Sabbath, intO' 
their own house and home, all such as would come 
to read and hear read the word of God. Here, too, 
they were constantly encouraged by new accessions 
into the fold of the Master's Kingdom. 

In the evening we had the pleasure of telling in 
our own way the story of the Cross to a full house, 
and on Monday morning we came away deeply im- 
pressed with the value of such Christian souls, and 
such free churches for the people. 

A Sabbath-school Superintendent. — Besides 
these private mission labors, Mr. Sherman was usu- 
ally connected, generally in an official capacity, with 
the Sabbath -school of the church he was accustomed 
to attend. Thus he was superintendent of Sabbath- 
schools in three different towns in which he lived, 
serving thus in the aggregate for a period of about 
fifty years. His method of work was quiet and un- 
obtrusive, but not the less effective and salutary. 



71 

He took great pains with his Sabbath-school con- 
certs, to make them pleasing and profitable to the 
children, sometimes writing an original hymn or 
poem to be sung on these occasions. A gentleman 
from one of the village churches, on a certain occa- 
sion was present at one of his concerts, and ex- 
pressed himself as greatly surprised and delighted 
at what he saw and heard. The secret- of it all was 
easy to explain. A man who loved Sabbath-schools, 
and who loved children, and who loved the Lord 
Jesus, and who loved the Church of Christ, and who 
saw in the Sabbath-school the nursery of the Church 
— a man inspired by all these kindred loves, and will- 
ing to expend time, money, and labor to secure the 
end desired, could not fail to produce something 
beautiful and unusual in this line. 

The following report, made by the minister of 
Marlboro Chapel to the Rhode Island Baptist Sab- 
bath-school Convention, will enable the reader to 
get a still better conception of the nature and value 
of Mr. Sherman's Sabbath-school services. 

" In making the annual report to the Convention, 
it is with deeply saddened hearts, for two reasons : 
First, because of the death of brother William N. 
Sherman, who was our highly esteemed and greatly 
beloved superintendent for more than seventeen 
years, and whose loss to the school is almost irrep- 
arable. Secondly, because his protracted illness 
and consequent absence from the school have caused 
a o-reat decline in numbers and interest. Mr. Sher- 



72 

man was present in the school but once after the 
1st of July, 1 88 1. Some three or four different 
persons have assumed the position of superintend- 
ent, but, failing to sustain an interest, have become 
discouraged, and to-day we are without a regular 
superintendent. Brother Sherman, by his benevo- 
lent spirit, earnest Christian zeal and warm-hearted 
activities for the good of others, was an example 
worthy of imitation. He was an indefatigable 
superintendent and worker in the Sunday-school for 
more than fifty years. The Woonsocket Baptist 
School was founded by him in 1833. 

"A. R. Bradbury, 
" Minister of tJie Church^ 

After the reading of the above report the Presi- 
dent of the Convention made remarks expressive of 
the long and valuable services of Mr. Sherman in 
the Sabbath-school field. In a previous Sunday- 
school Convention before his death, it was remarked 
that he had been a Sabbath school superintendent 
more years than any other man in the Convention. 

His Real Life Work — And now, dear reader, 
what does this all mean ? What is the significance 
of a life like that of him of whom we write, spent so 
largely in gathering together, and in instructing in 
the principles of morals and religion, the children 
and youth around him ? Who shall estimate the 
amount of good he thus accomplished ? Who shall 
tell how many of these youth, of all classes and 
conditions, white and colored, he may have re- 



73 

claimed from ways of wickedness and vice, from 
Sabbath breaking, profanity, and iniquity, and by 
bringing them into the Sabbath-school, and into 
the house of God, have brought them thus also, 
through the agency of these hallowed influences, 
into the straight and narrow way of eternal life ? 
His long services as a public journalist were more 
conspicuous in the public eye ; they won to him 
more of reputation and social power ; they added 
largely to his pecuniary resources ; in the view of 
men, they constituted what he had of success in 
life. But there are realms of power and of influ- 
ence other than those of matter, men and money. 
There is a field where labor tells, not for the brief 
span of a life, not for the fleeting period of the quick- 
gone threescore and ten, but for the eternities of 
God ! That realm is the field of immortal mind ! 
That field, the field of the never-dying spirit! And 
in that field Mr. Sherman wrought grandly, long 
and well. 

In this field he worked when in Woonsocket he 
gathered the poor, the ragged, and the uncared-for 
children of the village into the Sabbath-school, and 
taught them things grander, nobler, and better than 
they had ever conceived or thought of before. In 
this field he worked, when in Greenwich he insti- 
tuted the wharf meetings, and taught the uncouth 
and unsightly frequenters of those haunts of vice — 
of all colors, and characters, and ages — taught these 
people about goodness, God, and heaven, and en- 
treated them to enter upon new and better lives. 



74 

In this field he worked, when, in his own home, he 
opened a Sabbath-school for colored people ex- 
pressly ; when going- out into the highways and 
hedges he compelled them to come in ; when thus, 
with a beginning of three little colored girls, he and 
his worthy and sympathizing wife found themselves 
instructing a dark assembly of not less than eighty- 
one sons and daughters of ignorance and immorality 
and irreligion. 

In this field he worked, when he built and sup- 
ported at his own expense Marlboro Chapel, where 
on a large scale, and with ample accommodations, 
the poor of all classes, of all faiths, or of no faith, 
could worship without money and without price. 

This, dear reader, was the real life-work of Mr. 
Sherman. Inconspicuous indeed, little regarded of 
men, but in truth, and as he now contemplates it in 
the realms of light, where all things are estimated at 
their real value, this was his substantial and endur- 
ing life labor. " For the things that are seen are tem- 
poral, but the things that are not seen are eternal." 

Beautifully and truly writes Philip James Bailey : 

"We live in deeds, not years ; in tlioughts, not breaths ; 
In feelings, not in figures on a dial ; 
We should count time by heart throbs. 
He lives longest who feels the noblest, acts the best." 

And Longfellow sings grandly when he says : 

" It is the heart and not the brain, 
That to the highest doth attain, 
And he who foUoweth love's behest 
Far excelleth all the rest." 



7S 

" He llveth long who liveth well ; 
All else is life but thrown away. 
He liveth longest who can tell 

Of true things truly done each day." 

Last Sickness. — As has been noted on a previous 
page, Mr. Sherman's last sickness was painful and 
protracted. At times his suffering was exceed- 
ingly severe. All was endured, however, with 
Christian composure and without complaint. 

He gave his wife explicit directions to express, 
personally, his gratitude to those who had been 
especially kind and thoughtful during his sickness, 
in Greenwich and in Rutland. So numerous were 
these material expressions of thoughtful remem- 
brance that he said it almost paid for being sick to 
find so many friends who were willing and ready 
to assist, and to contribute so many nice things for 
his comfort — delicacies to tempt his appetite, rare 
and luscious fruit, flowers rich and beautiful. He 
remarked further, that he surely had been greatly 
favored in these regards, both in Greenwich and 
in Rutland. He was constantly manifesting his 
gratitude for the care and favors he received, and 
said on one occasion : " No one ever had better care, 
or even such good care." 

About a week before his death he gave directions 
that a small gift be sent to a niece, who had been 
before overlooked when remembering others. 

It is a matter of comparatively little importance, 
in itself considered, and yet, as showing the kindly 
relations he sustained to his ministerial brethren, it 



76 

is a matter, perhaps, worth noting, that during his 
last sickness he was called on by no less than fifteen 
different clergymen of different denominations. He 
was always exceedingly averse to all forms of ex- 
ternal show and demonstration. In conformity with 
this disposition of his, he gave especial directions 
that his funeral and burial should be quietly con- 
ducted, without display of any kind. Aside from the 
mere physical aspects of death, in the form of sick- 
ness, suffering, and separation, he was accustomed 
to look upon it with composure and in conformity 
with the teachings of his faith. It was to him, not 
an "eternal sleep — nor indeed even a "temporary 
sleep," but a passage, as through a darkened cham- 
ber, to a realm of infinite beauty and glory. 

To him, " there was no night there, and they need 
no candle, neither light of the sun, for the Lord God 
giveth them light, and they shall reign for ever and 
ever." 

To him it was a place where " God shall wipe 
away all tears from their eyes, and there shall be no 
more death, neither sorrow nor crying, neither shall 
there be any more pain, for the former things are 
passed away." 

In his views the words of the Lord Jesus were 
true, as true as the event of death itself was certain, 
and upon them his soul reposed in a sweet and 
blessed restfulness, 

" Let not your heart be troubled : ye believe in 
God, believe also in me." 

"In my Father's house are many mansions ; if* it 



11 

were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare 
a place for you." 

" And if I go and prepare a place for you, / zvill 
come again, and receive yon nnto myself; that where 
I am, there ye may be ahoy 

It was in conformity with these uplifting Christian 
views, hopes, and feelings that he made the request 
that, when Professor Blakeslee should conduct his 
funeral services, if it was thought desirable to have 
any, he should speak to the living of lifes great 
blessings — speak of the deep, the unspeakable sig- 
nificance of this life, rather than to make any refer- 
ence to himself, or to dwell upon the sad and mel- 
ancholy associations of bereavement and death. 

Funeral Directions. — His life-long instincts^ 
ever manifesting themselves in all things pertaining 
to the decencies and proprieties of life, continued 
with him to the last, and he gave explicit directions, 
in writing, as to the disposition of his remains after 
his decease. Just before he died he made mention 
of some business matters ; then said : " I believe I 
have done all that is necessary." Thus all affairs 
relating to this life were cared for and completed. 

Remembers his Friends. — To a large number 
of friends he sent gifts and messages — to "Father 
Mitchell," the blind centenarian, with whom he had 
enjoyed many hours of religious conference, and to 
others. 

Near the close of his life, as the 17th chapter of 
St. John was being read to him, when the 24th verse 
was reached — " Father, I will that they also whom 



78 

thou hast given me be with me where I am ; that 
they may behold my glory, which thou hast given 
me " — he said, " There is where 1 am to be." Then 
seeming to fear that he had spoken with too much 
assurance, he added, "There is where I hope to 
be." 

And, feeling evidently that the end was near, he 
remarked, " Ma, I have reached Beulah Land." 

Services at Rutland. — No public service was 
held at Dr. Mead's. The Rev. J. R. Richardson, 
pastor of the Baptist Church, offered prayer at five 
o'clock P.M., on Friday, preparatory to the removal 
of the remains next morning. There were a num- 
ber present, being those who had especially kindly 
feelings toward Mr. Sherman, and were particularly 
thoughtful of him. This service seemed more like 
a family gathering for evening devotions than 
funeral obsequies. 

His Favorite Hymn. — After the prayer, his fa- 
vorite hymn was sung by two ladies, and most beau- 
tifully rendered : 

I come to thee, I come to thee ! 
Thou precious Lamb who died for me ; 
I rest confiding in thy word, 
And "cast my burden on the Lord." 
I come to thee with all my grief, 
Dear Saviour, help my unbelief; 
Thy blessed name, my only plea, 
With this, O Lord, I come to thee ! 



I come to thee, whose sovereign power 
Can cheer me in the darkest hour ; 



79 

I come to thee thro' storm and shade, 
For thou hast said, " Be not afraid." 
I come to thee with all my tears, 
My pain and sorrow, doubt and fears ; 
Thou precious Lamb, who died for me, 
I come to thee, I come to thee ! 

To thee my trembling spirit flies. 

When faith grows weak and comfort dies, 

I bow adoring at thy feet. 

And hold with thee communion sweet. 

wondrous love ! O joy divine ! 

To feel thee near and call thee mine ! 
Thou precious Lamb, who died for me, 

1 come to thee, I come to thee ! 

As was fittinor, on the morninor when his remains- 
were taken from his home in Greenwich, the bells 
of Marlboro Chapel tolled the number of his earth- 
life years. These solemn strokes told of the cessa- 
tion of a life as complete in years ("Jt,^ as it had 
been in virtues. 

Elm Grove Cemetery. — The place where he 
was laid is pleasandy laid out and ornamented, and 
owes its existence as a cemetery to him, he having 
initiated the movement which secured the lot in the 
years of his Wickford life. 

He afterward became desirous that the corpora- 
tion having charge of the cemetery should establish 
a perpetual fund, the interest of which should be 
used to keep the lots in good repair, and the whole 
in proper condition. This he proposed to the di- 
rectors of the corporation, but though it was well 
approved, it was not accomplished. He mentioned 



8o 



the matter again a short time before his death, re- 
gretting extremely that it had not been done. He 
was told that it should not be forgotten. In 1886, 
four years after his decease, the directors succeeded 
in securing a charter which empowered them to es- 
tablish a fund for the object above named ; and now 
a sum of money, thus raised, is regularly expended 
in conformity with the expressed wishes of Mr. 
Sherman, the projector of this wise and excellent 
plan for keeping the cemetery in proper condition. 

A Present to the old Church of his Boy- 
hood. — Allusion was made above to the Allenton 
Baptist Church. This was the Old First Baptist 
Church of North Kingston, to which reference has 
already been made, and which was for so many years 
under the pastoral charge of Rev. William Northup, 
the uncle of Mr. Sherman. It was here that, in boy- 
hood, he was accustomed to attend church in com- 
pany with his parents, and it was here that he 
commenced the Christian life at the early age of 
eleven years, though he did not at this time unite 
himself with the church. 

A short time before the close of his life he re- 
quested that the fine oil portrait of his uncle, whom 
he had ever most highly respected and revered, 
should be presented to this church, and hung upon 
the walls of the audience-room, should the church 
be pleased so to do. Accordingly this was done, 
and most fittingly the presentation was made by Mrs. 
Sherman, on the occasion of the centennial celebra- 
tion of the church, November 12, 1882. 



It was, altogether, a most interesting occasion. 
The following outline of the exercises, abbreviated 
from one of the local papers, will be of interest to 
the many friends of this church, as well as to the 
sorrowing members of the Sherman family : 

"The First Baptist Church in North Kingston, 
established one hundred years ago, celebrated its 
centennial on Sunday. The service opened with an 
anthem song by a chorus choir — * Praise the Lord.' 
The sermon was preached by Rev. F. J. Jones, re- 
cently pastor of the church. His discourse was a 
sketch of the church since its organization, its history 
being the history of its founder and father, Rev. 
William Northup, who was a native of the vicinity, 
born in 1760. He served for a time in the War of 
the Revolution as drum-major, but when converted 
he went at once into the preaching of the Gospel. 
For fifty-nine years he was pastor of this church. 
Six revivals of much power were enjoyed in his min- 
istry, bringing 400 persons into the church. He died 
in 1839 at the age of 79. The church was organized 
November 12, 1782. It began with 12 brethren and 
20 sisters, converts of Mr. Northup. A short time 
afterwards, on the same day, a public recognition ot 
the church, with the ordination of Mr. Northup, 
took place. The next Sunday Mr. Northup bap- 
tized 7. 

"The first meeting-house was built in 1786. 
Another was built in 1846. In 1848 the present 
meeting-house was built. In 1870, the church being 
without a pastor, a great revival was enjoyed under 



82 



the labors of the Revs. J. Aldrich and Wheeler, 
neighboring- pastors. In 1880 the Rev. F. J. Jones 
was ordained, under whose labors a revival was en- 
joyed and some forty members added. The church 
was constituted with 32 members. Its present mem- 
bership is 184. 

" When the discourse was finished, the portrait of 
Elder Northup, a remarkably fine one painted many 
years ago by Lincoln, was brought in and suspended 
in the rear of the pulpit. The venerable features 
were recognized by many of the older people in the 
audience. The portrait was then presented to the 
church by Mrs. W. N. Sherman, of East Greenwich, 
whose husband, William Northup Sherman, was the 
nephew of Elder Northup. The presentation was 
accompanied with a written note signifying that the 
gift was made in accordance with one of the last re- 
quests of her late husband, and in harmony with her 
own desire. Deacon J. Eldred responded in behalf 
of the church, in a brief and appropriate address. 
Mrs. Sherman appeared before the audience in deep 
mourning for her husband, and, with the assistance 
of Rev. J. Aldrich, exhibited several ancient books 
with quaint titles, which had been owned by Elder 
Northup, with other interesting relics, among them 
a manuscript sermon of the old preacher, faded and 
smoky, on the text, Jeremiah, xxxviii. 20 : ' Obey, I 
beseech thee, the voice of the Lord, which I speak 
unto thee ; so it shall be well unto thee, and thy 
soul shall live.' The volumes had a very old and 
smoky look. A hymn was sung, of which the two 



83 

last stanzas were "lined off," in the fashion of the 
first half century of the church. The hymn was, 
' How did my heart rejoice to hear,' sung to Mear. 
The sinorino- was as old-fashioned as the words and 

o o 

the tune. At this point a member was received into 
the church by the hand of fellowship. The service 
was closed with the doxology, and the benediction 
by the Rev. Dr. Smith. The administration of the 
Lord's Supper followed, the Revs. J. Aldrich and 
Dr. Smith assisting in the service. 

" The choir sang another anthem, ' Crown Him 
Lord of All,' and the benediction closed the service.' 




MEMORIAL CLOCK.— After the death 
of her husband, Mrs. Sherman, stricken 
down, as only those who have had a similar 
experience can tell, had the feeling that she would 
like to leave in East Greenwich, where for so many 
years Mr. Sherman had been so well known and so 
much esteemed, some appropriate reminder and 
memorial of his honored name. She accordingly 
decided to present the town with a memorial clock. 

Nothing else, certainly, could have been more ap- 
propriate and fitting. Nothing else could be so con- 
stant and so perfect a reminder to the citizens of the 
village of him who had for so many years mingled 
with them in business, and had taken so deep an in- 
terest in all their affairs, — educational, beneficiary, 
reformatory, and religious. 

Mrs. Sherman accordingly addressed a letter to 
the Town Clerk of East Greenwich, offering to pre- 
sent a clock, to be placed in some dome tower as a 
memorial of her late husband and to be known as 
the "Sherman Memorial Clock." 

At the same meeting of the town council in 1883 
this proposition was accepted, a vote of thanks 
passed, and a committee appointed to have the mat- 
ter in charge. Of this committee Professor F. D. 
Blakeslee was chairman. 



85 

The following is the preamble and vote as passed by the council : 

" Whereas, Mrs. Mary M. Sherman, of Rutland, 
in the State of Vermont, has at her own expense 
placed in the tower of the town hall of this town a 
very beautiful and valuable town clock to be known 
as 'the Sherman Memorial Clock, in memory of her 
late husband, William N. Sherman, for many years 
an honored citizen of East Greenwich, now de- 
ceased ; 

" It is therefore voted by the taxpayers in town 
meeting assembled that Mrs. Sherman is entitled to 
the gratitude and thanks of all the people of this 
town for her generous, costly, and valuable gift. 

" And it is further voted that the town clerk be 
and he is hereby directed to transmit a copy of this 
preamble and vote to Mrs. Sherman. 

" Edward Stanhope.'' 

In due time, June, 1886, the clock was finished 
and placed in the dome of the new town hall just 
completed. 

The following from a Providence paper will be ot interest in this 
connection. 

" The Sherman memorial (town) clock is in its 
place in complete running order. It certainly is a 
thing of beauty, and appears to be perfect in mech- 
anism. The clock itself is placed in a room built on 
purpose for it in the new town hall, some twenty feet 
below the bell and dial plates. By an ingenious yet 
simple construction of gearing, the hands of all four 



86 



dial plates are connected with the clock by one 
shaft. On front of the clock, as one enters the 
door, is seen the solid silver plate, bearing the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

In Memoriam. 

Placed in position and presented to the town 

of East Greenwich, R. I., June, 1886, 

By 

Mary M. Sherman, 

In memory of her husband, 

William Northup Sherman, 

Who died March 2, 1882. 



" The clock has two small dial plates, one with the 
minute and hour hands, the other with the second 
hand, and by an ingenious piece of mechanism the 
four dial plates in the tower above are set to a second 
by turning a small key which sets the two small dial 
plates upon the clock. The weight of the pendulum 
is about 125 pounds, the running weight about 100 
pounds and the striking weight about 1,000 pounds. 
The latter raises the 40-pound hammer 8 inches. 
There is 100 feet of cord on the time weight, 200 
on the striking weight. It has the Graham dead- 
beat escapement. It is an eight-day clock, will run 
two weeks without windinof, thouQfh it is intended to 
be wound once a week. The running weight winds 
about 50 feet. The time weight is about 126. The 
town is to be congratulated, and Mrs. Sherman is 
entitled to a unanimous vote of thanks for the 
beautiful eift. 



87 



This clock has been heard to strike at Pine Hills, 
a distance of ten miles far away across the bay. 

Conclusion. — Thus we have briefly narrated some 
few of the more salient points in the earth life of 
this good man. Early in life he " commenced doing 
good," and so, as the apostle Paul says, sent on his 
works before to meet him, when by and by he 
should pass on to the heavenly land. But now he 
has made the eternal passage, and the full harvest 
of his Christian labor is his, "and his works do follow 
him." 



fcDTTDRS. 




I^ettei'^. 

HE following letters,— one to himself, and 
others letters of condolence, some to his 
., wife, and some to his daughter, — make 

many interesting references to his life and charac- 
ter. 

(From Rev. Mr. Robbins to himself.) 

Cape Neddick, Nov. 4, 1879. 
Dear Brother Sherman: 

I take the liberty of sending to you a picture of a 
man who feels greatly indebted to you for the many 
expressions of kindness and good will which he has 
received from you. I need not enumerate these 
acts of kindness, but they have made an indelible 
impression on my heart and I want, in some way, 
to let you know it. The interest you took in my 
case during the days of darkness and sorrow which 
followed the resignation of my pastorate at Green- 
wich, and the soothing, comforting words which your 
wife addressed to me just before I entered the cars 
when I left for Boston, will never be forgotten by 
me. And the delightful meetings I enjoyed in your 
chapel I often remember with great pleasure, and 
with a feeling of regret that I cannot enjoy them 
again. I have no such meetings here. I have a 
good congregation to preach to on the Sabbath, and 



92 

our prayer and praise meetings in the evenings are 
well attended ; but I have to do most of the talk- 
ing. The church being small, the number of workers 
is small. We have not such a hive of busy bees as 
you have at the chapel. The Lord bless you, 
Brother S., and your chapel work. We shall be 
happy to see you at any time, and also to hear from 
you by letter. 

Fraternally, 

Gilbert Robbins. 

(From the Rev. J. Aldrich to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Mrs. Wm. N. Sherman. 

Dear Sister : As I was confined to my house, 
on the funeral occasion of your dear husband, and 
denied the privilege of mingling my tears of sym- 
pathy for you in common with your many friends, 
you will allow me to address to you a few words 
with my pen. I rejoice, that while you are passing 
through a very heavy sorrow, which nothing less 
than God's grace can reconcile you to bear pa- 
tiently, you are not left to mourn as those who 
have no hope ; for your husband has not only died 
in the hope of a better resurrection, but has also left 
behind him, for your comfort, the record of a useful 
life. It is not my special office to eulogize the de- 
ceased ; and to you, who know so much better than 
I the various offices of honor which he has filled 
with all the details of his useful life, there is no 
need that I should rehearse his praise. His record 
is not only in Heaven, but it has been eloquently 



93 

chronicled by others on earth. But it is so pleas- 
ant to recall the deeds of our departed friends, that 
I cannot well forbear an allusion to a Sabbath 
which it was my privilege to spend at your house 
ten years ago last November, That beautiful day 
was made especially memorable to me by the Sun- 
day-school service, held at mid-day, in a convenient 
apartment of your own house. I had seen your 
husband happy on other occasions, but never so 
happy as that day, when the poor and neglected 
people of the place flocked in, and gathered around 
him for Bible instruction. He seemed to feel that 
it was his special mission to provide for that class, 
and to be perfectly satisfied, as to compensation 
for his labor and expense, with the affectionate 
gratitude which they manifested on that occasion. 
The pleasing scenes of that Sunday-school session 
come to me to-day with almost as much freshness 
as if they had occurred but yesterday. My first 
surprise was that so large a number of that class 
which is so hard to interest in religious instruction 
had been drawn together in a private house, and 
that they all seemed so cheerful, and so much at 
home in the exercises of the school. The poor and 
illiterate of our larger towns are made to feel so 
keenly the contrast between their social condition 
and that of the ordinary congregation that gathers 
in our larger churches on the Sabbath, that when 
the few conscientious Christians do try, now and 
then, to bring them into the house of God, they suc- 
ceed only in a very few cases. The instinctive de- 



94 

sire of the poor and wretched to receive sympathy or 
kindly attentions from their superiors — which is one 
of the hopeful features of fallen humanity — was hap- 
pily realized that day in your cheerful and commo- 
dious home. I remember how I thanked God in my 
heart that He had provided at least one family 
and one home in East Greenwich to succor and ele- 
vate the poor and unfortunate. I cannot forget the 
grateful and satisfied expression which beamed with 
a beautiful radiance upon all their faces, as they par- 
ticipated in the exercises of that day. I had never 
before ^'o fully appreciated the blessedness ot minis- 
tering to God's li'^^/e ones. I then and there felt 
somewhat, at least, the grave import of Christ's 
words, " Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of 
the least of these, my disciples, ye have done it unto 
me." I remember how I was impressed that evening, 
in conducting the introductory services of Marlbor- 
ough Street Chapel, to speak of that beautiful inci- 
dent in the life of our Saviour which is recorded in 
Matt. xi. 4-6, making, in my discourse, a special 
point of the fact that in answering John the Baptist's 
inquiry, " Art thou he that should come, or do we 
look for another?" Jesus said to John's disciples: 
" Go, tell him the blind receive their sight, the lame 
walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead 
are raised up, and the poor have the Gospel preached 
to them ; and blessed is he whosoever shall not be 
offended in me." As I then said, " The Marlbor- 
ough Street Mission must prove to the churches of 
East Greenwich its divine commission, to undertake 



95 

an independent work for the salvation of sinners, by 
saving\\\^m.y so now I believe It has done this to the 
satisfaction of some of the best members of each of 
the churches. That many doubted the expediency of 
the mission, and others sincerely regretted its inau- 
guration, shows nothing, now that it has proved the 
birth-place of souls ; but it is clearly evident that my 
departed brother was divinely directed to erect this 
chapel to God's service ; and I sincerely pray that 
God will provide wise and faithful men to carry on 
successfully in the future what your dear husband 
so well commenced. I am sure that he who conse- 
crated his money so liberally, and gave his services 
with so much self-denial to this enterprise, while on 
earth, can but feel a deeper interest in its present 
and future success in saving souls, now that he 
knows their worth and the glorious rewards of 
Heaven. Regretting that I have extended these 
lines which I had designed to limit to a brief note to 
so long an epistle, praying that you may be di- 
vinely comforted and sustained in this hour of your 
great sorrow, I hasten to subscribe myself. 

J. Aldrich. 

(From Mrs. Clement to Mrs. Mead.) 

Hartford, March 8, 1882. 
My dear Mrs. Mead : 

I have just heard of your sad bereavement, and 
desire to assure you of my sincere sympathy. I 
have thought so much of you and your poor 
mother in your great loneliness which must follow 



96 

the loss of one to whom you were so constantly and 
devotedly attached. And your dear little daughter 
must miss so much the grandpa whose fondness for 
her was so remarkable. 

But your faith in the promises of our blessed 
Saviour will surely bring comfort to your stricken 
hearts, and the memory of such a useful life is some- 
thing to be thankful for. 

Mrs. Parker unites with me in expressions ot 
sympathy. 

(From J. W. Miller to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Bellefonte, Pa., March i6, 1882. 
Dear Mrs. Sherman : 

As I read in the Philadelphia Record of a week 
ago last Saturday a despatch announcing the death 
of Mr. Sherman, both his own and your many kind 
words and acts came before me with increased 
force, and I felt a desire to express in some way my 
sympathy for you. And yet, I feel your grief is so 
sacred that I dare not break in upon it with my 
words. The music of nature may seem discordant 
and jarring to friends, and earth may be sorrowful ; 
but only to that little immediate circle from which is 
taken the loved one does the broken chord appear 
and the voices of earth seem indeed to be harsh. 
At such times, grief shuts out our grosser selves, and 
conforms us insensibly to our God-natures. How 
we should cherish those feelings of love which are 
immortal ! The sorrows of separation will multiply 
the joys of reunion, and we shall in the hereafter 



97 

bless the Father who permitted us to have affliction 
in time, only that we may more fully appreciate 
Heaven's pleasures in eternity. 

Clara wrote me fuller with regard to your be- 
reavement, and, since together we shared your 
kindness, we likewise may unite in asking our 
Heavenly Feather to reveal unto you the deeper 
things of His love, and give you constant trust in 
the ultimate joyful meeting with your loved one in 
the land of Beulah. J. W. Miller. 

(From Miss Blakeslee to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Cortland, N. Y., March 20, 1882. 
Mrs. Sherman : 

Our Dear Friend : I can add but little, for words 
at such a time are useless, but I wanted you to know 
that I was not unmindful of your great sorrow. 

You do not sorrow without hope, I am sure, and 
Heaven grows very near us when it holds a dear 
one taken from our family. 

If such notes as these pain you at present, wait 
and read them with more care later, and you may 
possibly be glad to know that they were prompted 
by sympathetic hearts. We shall all miss your 
husband. 

" We wept — 'twas Nature wept, but faith 
Can pierce beyond the gloom of death, 
And in yon world, so fair and bright, 
Behold thee in refulgent light ! 
We miss thee here, yet Faith would rather 
Know thou art with thy Heavenly Father. 



98 

Nature sees the body dead — 
Faith beholds the spirit fled ; 
Nature stops at Jordan's tide — 
Faith beholds the other side ; 
That but hears farewell, and sighs, 
This, thy welcome in the skies I 

Please accept my love and sympathy. 

(From Miss C. S. Weeks to Mrs. Mead.) 

New York, March 19, 1882. 
My dea7^ Mary : 

I have just heard of the great sorrow which has 
recently come to you, and I cannot help writing a 
line to express my sympathy for your loss, though 
we have been so long separated as to be now almost 
strangers. 

The years have doubtless brought many changes 
to us both, but none which seems to me sadder than 
that which robs you of your good father, whose 
kindly and genial nature I remember well. I count 
among the pleasantest memories of my girlhood the 
days which I spent in your household, which he as 
well as your dear mother and yourself did so much 
to render home-like to a nomeless child. 

I read of your father's death with so sincere a 
feeling of regret and so tender an appreciation of 
the sorrow that it must be to you, that I cannot re- 
frain from giving expression to it, that you may be 
assured that whatever comfort may be derived from 
the cordial sympathy of your friends is at least 
yours. • 



99 



Give my warmest love to your mother. 
I remain with much affection and many kind re- 
membrances, 

Sincerely yours, 

C. S. Weeks. 
/ 

(From S. M. Sherman to Mrs. Mead.) 

Jamaica Plain, March 29, 1882. 
My dear Mrs. Mead: 

I was very sorry to learn ot your father's death. 
As a boy I was with him a good deal. He used to 
take me to ride with him very often. Some of my 
pleasantest recollections as a boy are associated with 
him. You have my deepest sympathy in your great 
loss. 

Give my most affectionate regards to your mother. 
She was my Sunday-school teacher when I was a 
boy in Wickford. I have always cherished her 
memory as the first teacher who im[)arted to me 
when a boy my first knowledge of that Being whom 
now, as a man, I acknowledge with love and rever- 
ence and humility as my Master and Saviour. 
Very sincerely yours, 

S. M. Sherman. 

(From Rev. Mr. Stetson to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Providence, R. I., April — , 1882. 
No. 32 Gilmore Street. 
Sister Shermayi : 

I hasten to do what I have been intending to do 
ever since the death of your dear and much respected 
husband. I know you feel sad and lonely since his 



lOO 



departure to the blessed spirit land. But the sweet 
recollections of the past, the life he lived, the earnest 
catholic spirit of loyalty to truth, the fervent spirit 
of love to Christ, the self-denial for the good of hu- 
manity, the constant, fervent spirit of prayer, the 
noble reaching forth after higher attainments, the 
manliness he maintained on every side, the sweet 
fragrance of love he threw around his earth home, 
and earth life, still remain. They are not dead. 
They still cheer and speak to you. Not only to you 
but to us all who were permitted to share his ever 
kindly greetings. 

Many have been the pleasant hours I have spent 
at your Rose Cottage with your husband and your- 
self. Pleasing recollections they indeed are to me. 
How pleased I would be to repeat them, but that 
cannot be. I cannot mourn for Brother Sherman, 
for he has gone to that rest we used to talk about 
and pray for. Pleased would I be to meet him again 
as I used to and see his smiling face, but I must wait 
in that future hope through the mercy of Christ and 
the Father, God, of finding him in that happy land 
where disease and pain and sorrow and all tears are 
removed. I was surprised when I heard of his 
death, and I should have been present at his funeral 
had it been that circumstances favored. I thought I 
would write you and try to speak some word of com- 
fort to you, and then I thought that I would wait till 
the first hours of sorrow had passed and the more 
lonely hour of secret sorrow had dropped its shad- 
owing cloud over your spirit. But I trust as the 



lOI 



bright hope of the future world with all its happy 
reunions is pictured on your spirit, the light from 
glory is so strong that the shadows are quickly re- 
moved, and you are led to trust all to Him "who 
doeth all things." " Blessed are the dead that die 
in the Lord." 

I have heard nothing of your future arrangements, 
but presume you will be with your daughter. 

What did he do with the chapel ? Is it to be con- 
tinued as a place of worship ? I have enjoyed many 
a pleasant hour of worship in that place. 

I hope you are enjoying a good degree of health 
and very much of the consolations of the Gospel of 
Christ. 

From your brother in Christ, with Christian love. 



(From Miss Mary Crane, daughter of Rev. S. A. Crane, D.D., who 

was rector of St. Luke's Church, Greenwich, for more 

than thirty years, to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Rome, Italy, May ii, 1882. 
My dear Mrs. Sherman : 

I know that letters and words can only comfort 
those in sorrow as proofs that friends are sympathiz- 
ing with them, and, therefore, though perfectly con- 
scious that I cannot take one sorrow from your 
heart, I am going to send a few lines to tell you that 
though so far away I do not forget you and Mary in 
the bereavement to which you have been called in 
the loss of husband and father. I know, too, that 



I02 



you know in whom you trust, and that He Is wilHng 
and able to bring you comfort in this hour of trial, 
and that He only can. It is a sad break in the home 
when the head is taken, and you know how sadly 
we were called to feel this. I well remember your 
kindly sympathy when my dear father was taken 
from me. and afterward when my mother followed 
him, your kindness to me. In both these afflictions 
you were very kind, and I have many times said I 
wanted to write to you now and tell you you and 
Mary were not forgotten, though so far away. May 
God bless and comfort you both. For Mary it is 
less hard, as she has her own family about her, and 
no doubt you will go and be with her most of the 
time, but wherever you are the great blank in your 
future must ever follow you. But in your daughter's 
home and in her family you will find much to occupy 
and interest you, and in time, God's good angel of 
comfort which must soften our grief however great, 
you will find yourself looking more on the time of 
meeting and less back to earth and its sadness. In 
fact it will be but a short time before we shall all 
meet in that home where partings cannot come. 

Indeed, dear Mrs. Sherman, were it not for the 
blessed hope in that world to come where the 
Saviour will be' our light and our peace, what 
should we do in these hours ? Oh, let us thank 
Him for the inestimable blessing of His love and all 
that He has done for us and our hopes for the 
future. May He bless and comfort you and yours 
in your hour of trial. Will you remember me most 



I03 

kindly to Mary and accept for both my sincere sym- 
pathy in your bereavement. 

Your very truly sympathizing friend, 

Mary Crane. 

(From Miss R, H. Smiley to Mrs. Sherman, a preacher in the Society 
of Friends.) 

Lake Mohonk, March 31, 1882. 
Dear Mrs. Sherman : 

My thoughts often turn to thee with loving sym- 
pathy as I remember thee in thy loneliness, and I 
do pray that the " God of all comfort " may be very 
consciously near thee each moment. 

He alone can fill the void that death has made 
and lift thy thoughts to that blessed home where the 
dear one gone before is "forever with the Lord." 

That life seems more and more to me the r^^^/life, 
and I love to dwell upon it and think of the joy of 
those who have entered in. Only " a little while " 
and we, too, shall join with them in their songs of 
joy and triumph. As dear friends one by one are 
taken, I can but rejoice for them that the trials of 
earth are ended and they rest with Jesus. 

I know there is the sorrow for those remaining — 
the daily missing the dear ones, but He knows all 
this and sympathizes with those who sorrow. I trust 
thou dost so enter into the joy of thy dear husband 
that thy own heart is uplifted with a blessed foretaste 
of the joy beyond. 

Thy dear one is with Jesus now seeing Him face 
to face. Oh, what joy ! satisfied forever ! He has 



I04 



seen it best to leave thee here a httle longer to live 
for Him — to manifest forth the life of the Lord Jesus, 
and I do pray that thou mayest realize day by day 
that the Lord Jesus is a blessed reality, and that 
thou mayest be a living witness of His love and sup- 
porting grace, and be anew set apart for Him. 

" Set apart for Jesus, 

Is not this enough ? 
Though the desert prospect 

Opens wild and rough ? 
Set apart for His delight, 

Chosen for His holy pleasure, 

Sealed to be His specialtreasure ! 
Could we choose a noble joy. 

And would we if we might?" 

And then the blessedness of being *set apart to 
sej've Him. May we delight to do His will, giving 
Him a joyful service with praise. 

May the Lord bless and comfort thee. 
Lovingly thy friend, 

R. H. Smiley. 

(Extracts from Mrs. C. W. Ray, D.D., to Mrs. Mead.) 

3214 Haverford St., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
My dear Mary : 

In your family there have been sad ravages. 
Death has been there — rather the dear departed has 
been promoted to a nobler immortal career, his mor- 
tal life was well rounded — everything finished. 
Blessed rest in paradise, after so much labor. 



I05 

Give much love to your dear mother and say to 
her that in my heart of hearts I have sympathized 
with her in her great loss — with yourself too, but 
you have your husband and child, while she is quite 
alone. 

Several friends sent me papers containing sketches 
concerning the life and labors of your father, which 
have been of much interest to me. It seems to me 
that his was a finished life. He was able to accom- 
plish so much good in the Master's cause, and had 
such a long life in which to labor. Grateful is the 
memory of such. 

Mrs. C. W. Ray. 

(Extracts from Rev. Gilbert Robbins to Mrs. Sherman. Mr. R. 
remarked to Mr|^ Sherman as he left E. Greenwich for another 
field, " You have done for me more than any other one here unless 
it be Mrs. V." He lived in Mrs. V.'s house.) 

Cape Neddich, March. 
Dear Mrs. Sherman : 

Most sincerely do I sympathize with you in your 
bereavement. May you find the grace of God suf- 
ficient to sustain you under it. 1 feel that in the 
death of your husband I have lost a friend ; for dur- 
ing my ten years' residence in Greenwich I always 
regarded him in that light. One of the pleasantest 
trips of my life I owe to him. I refer to the trip I 
made with him to Washington, several years ago, 
when our missionary anniversaries were held there. 
He generously furnished me with the means of going 
and returning, and, indeed, of defraying all the ex- 



io6 



penses of the journey. And I remember with 
pleasure how I went with him down the Potomac to 
Mt. Vernon and visited the tomb of the immortal 
Washington. Oh, what thrilling emotions we had as 
we stood together gazing upon that sacred tomb ! It 
was an event to be remembered for a life-time. And 
I never think of it without feeling grateful to the man 
who gave me the opportunity of doing it. I should 
not have enjoyed that privilege had it not been for 
the kindness of Brother Sherman. And that is not 
the only occasion on which I was the recipient of his 
benefactions. I think, with pleasure, of the kind 
attentions I received from him during the trials 
through which I passed in some of the last months 
I lived in Greenwich. And I remember the words 
of sympathy uttered by you, dear sister, just as I 
left the village in the cars for Boston. 

The good Lord reward you for your good wishes 
and words, and may you be supported by his 
precious promises now that you are left alone. Many 
will lament the departure of your husband as well 
as yourself. The worshippers in the chapel will 
sadly miss the man to whose Christian liberality they 
are indebted for that pleasant place of worship. But 
you must remember, and so must they, that the 
builder and owner of that chapel has entered that 
" house not made with hands eternal in the heavens." 
He has gone where, often on earth, his spirit longed 
to be, and we shall all soon follow him. Mrs. R. 
sends her love and kindest sympathy. 

Gilbert Robbjns. 



I07 



(Extracts from Mrs. Asenath C. Green, for more than twenty years 
a missionary in the Sandwich Islands, to Mrs. Sherman.) 

Makawas, S. L, Jan. 24, '84. 

Very dear Mrs. Shermaii : 

I take a note sheet this morning to fully assure 
you that a well-covered letter was mailed for Green- 
wich long, long ago, taking my love and sympathy 
to a cherished friend ; perhaps had I directed to 
Mrs. Wm. N., instead of M. B., you would have re- 
ceived it. 

Your dear daughter Mary is located in the 
" Green Mountain State," making a home for her- 
self. I think of it as the place of her devoted father's 
last weariness and pain,y"r6';;^ which his spirit took 
flieht to an abode of rest and unending bliss. How 
truly it may be said of him, he lived not for self 
but others ! My delightful visits at your pleasant 
Wickford home are oases in my memory. 

With much love to yourself and friends, I am 
ever yours, 

Mrs. Asenath C. Green. 



JiDMORI/lL SdRMOR 




]\len|oi'ikl gefrqoi]. 

HE Sabbath succeeding his burial, March 19, 
1882, a memorial service was arranged 
and conducted by the Rev. Mr. Bradbury, 
of Providence, in Marlboro Chapel, East Greenwich. 
The following selections from this sermon will be 
read with interest : 

Text, Ps. cxii. 6 : " The righteous shall be in 
everlasting remembrance." The last clause. 

The Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, separates 
the human race into two large divisions. It names 
them the righteous and the wicked ; the saint and 
the sinner ; the believer and the unbeliever. 

It represents them as serving two masters, the 
righteous serving God the Father, Christ Jesus, the 
Son, and the Holy Spirit, the Great Comforter ; 
the wicked serving Satan, who, for sixty centuries, 
has been trying to rob God of his glory, and men of 
their souls. 

The Bible also represents them as walking differ- 
ent ways — the righteous walking in a straight, nar- 
row, sun-lit, star-paved way ; the wicked in a broad, 
easy, sliding-along way. 

They meet with opposite deaths. The righteous 
often triumph in death, shouting, " O, death, where 
is thy sting ? " The wicked are driven away in their 
wickedness, without hope and without God. 

The Bible eoes still further. St. Matthew, in the 



I 12 



25th chapter, from the 31st verse to the close of the 
chapter in his gospel, gives a graphic, glowing de- 
scription of the august scenes of the General Judg- 
ment, when, for the first and last time, the whole 
human race were ever together, or ever will be. 

My theme is the character and destiny of the 
righteous. We remark in describing their char- 
acter : 

1. You may know the righteous, for they are right 
in their thoughts, meditations, plans, purposes, and 
motives. Their chief motives are to glorify God and 
do good. They can well remember when their 
motives were not good. But now they are. How 
true this was of our dear departed Brother Sherman. 
His aims and motives, from a little boy, were to 
glorify God and build up his cause. 

2. You may know the righteous, for they are right 
at heart, right in their affections. They love God 
supremely, and try to love their neighbors as them- 
selves. How true this was of our dear brother! 

3. You may know the righteous, for they are right 
in the words which drop from their lips. They are 
like honey and the honeycomb. Oh, what sweet, 
heavenly words have dropped from our beloved 
brother's lips in this chapel, ever since it was built! 
Oh, how fresh in our memory are the heavenly ex- 
hortations in praise, prayer, and conference meet- 
ings, when his whole soul was drawn out in agonies 
for the conversion of sinners. They even now seem 
to ring in our ears. While memory remains, they 
will remain. 



113 

4- You may know the righteous, for they are right 
in their doings. The deeds of their hands are like 
their words — useful, beneficial. Like their Master, 
they go about doing good. How true this was of 
Brother Sherman. See the work of his hands in 
this beautiful house of worship. 

5. You may know the righteous, for they are right 
in their views of the atonement ; of the plan of salva- 
tion ; of the redemptive scheme of mercy through 
the Crucified. You remember, my hearers, how 
clear our dear brother's views were of the way of 
life and salvation. Very seldom do we find even 
ministers who can grasp these weighty truths better 
than Brother Sherman did, or who could expound 
and explain better than he could ! 

6. You may know the righteous, for they are right 
on the great benevolent institutions of the day, 
such as missions, temperance, Sabbath-schools, and 
anti-slavery. On these institutions, without an ex- 
ception, our esteemed and dearly beloved brother, 
from a boy, took a right stand. He embraced them, 
brought them home to his bosom, and worked for 
them with an undying zeal. For all of them his 
ardor never waned. When the State had the pro- 
hibitory law, he thought we now had a panacea for 
the horrible ills of intemperance. We could now 
demolish the gigantic crime of crimes, and destroy 
the sum of all villainies. And oh, how grieved he 
was when the prohibitory law was abolished. His 
heart seemed to sink within him. 

And he was an earnest friend and zealous worker 



114 

in Sabbath-schools. When he lived in Woon- 
socket, and was proprietor and editor of The Woon- 
socket Patriot, he found time to go out into the lanes 
and byways and collect together the ragged, dirty, 
filthy, vicious children in the school-house, taught 
them the way of life and salvation, and led them to 
"■ the lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the 
world." 

And how he rejoiced when the chains fell off 
from the millions of slaves in our otherwise happy 
land ! And when the contrabands came to East 
Greenwich, he took some twelve or fifteen of them 
into his house, taught them to love and serve God, 
and, that they might feel more at home, purchased 
the lot on which this beautiful chapel stands, built the 
chapel, put in a large organ for the public services, 
a small one for social meetings and the Sabbath- 
school, at the cost of several thousand dollars. And 
for some eight or ten years he has seen the salvation 
of God in the conversion of sinners. 

II. It remains to speak of the destiny of the right- 
eous. For they shall be in everlasting remembrance. 
We observe, then : 

I. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally in the mind of God Almighty. As He is 
omnipresent and omniscient, it follows that He will 
hold the righteous eternally in His memory. It is 
impossible that they should, for one moment, be for- 
gotten. " Can a woman forget her sucking child ? 
Yea, she may forget, yet will I not forget." The 
righteous will be graven upon the palms of His hands. 



2. To be In everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally in God's great heart of affections. On the 
righteous He pours a flood of His love. Never, no, 
never, can He cease to love them. Nothing can 
withdraw His affections from them. " For I am per- 
suaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor 
principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor 
things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any 
other creature, shall be able to separate them from 
the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus, our 
Lord." 

3. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally in God's presence. What particular part 
of the universe He will furnish for a home we are not 
informed. The locality of heaven, the paradise of 
God, the mansions of rest, is not given us in the 
sacred Scriptures. They tell us there are such 
places, and for whom they are prepared, viz., saints 
and ano^els, and that the rio^hteous shall dwell in 
them for ever and ever. 

4. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally supported by him. The sacred books 
of the Bible only hint at what may be needed for 
their support. John, the Revelator, says : "And he 
showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as 
crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God, and of 
the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on 
either side of the river, was there the tree of life, 
which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her 
fruit every month." And in another chapter he 
writes : " And white robes were given unto every 



one of them." This is figurative language, but fig- 
ures have a deep and impressive meaning. 

5. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally protected by God. Just what protection is 
needed for the righteous does not readily appear. 
It cannot, for a moment, be supposed that in the 
future world dangers beset our paths, or that any 
evils will overtake the righteous. They are safe, 
protected by His Almighty power. His omnipotent 
hand will hold them up. 

6. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be, 
perhaps, nearer Christ's throne eternally than any or 
all the holy angels of heaven. These angels never 
sinned, never needed the pardoning mercy of a 
crucified Redeemer. St. Paul writes in his first epis- 
tle to the Corinthians : " Know ye not that we shall 
judge angels," which seems to imply we shall in 
some sense be superior to the holy angels of heaven. 
Hence the poet sings : 

" Earth has a joy unknown in heaven — 
The newborn peace of sin forgiven ! 
Tears of such pure and sweet delight, 
Ye angels ! never dimmed your sight." 

7. To be in everlasting remembrance is to be 
eternally in the best society of the universe of God. 
The archangel Michael, Gabriel, all the holy angels, 
the cherubim and the seraphim, together with all the 
redeemed, from Abel down the long stream of time, 
and all the ransomed who now live, or ever will 
live, will compose that happy, holy, glorified society. 
There, oh, there will be the righteous. There, oh, 



117 

there is our dearly beloved Brother Sherman. Could 
the curtain be removed, and we look in, what raptur- 
ous delight would thrill our souls ! What overpow- 
ering joy would fill our minds ! For aught I know, 
we should like to hasten our flight to join that holy, 
happy throng. Well, my dear hearers, we may, if 
righteous, be nearer that glorious society than we 
are aware. There may be but a step between us 
and death. The angel may already be summoned to 
cut the brittle thread of life. Oh, may we see to it 
that we are ready, all ready, for the summons. 

8. Finally, to be in everlasting remembrance is to 
be eternally in happiness, in bliss. Blissfulness will 
thrill every faculty of the mind, the intellect, the sen- 
sibilities, and the will. The glorified body, after the 
morning of the resurrection, will also be full of hap- 
piness. Such joy, such delight, is unknown on earth. 
Our earthly bodies are often full of death, sorrow, 
misery, pain. These, in the new body, will never be 
known. But unspeakable felicity will take posses- 
sion of our entire being. In this life it is difficult 
for our minds to grasp the blessedness of heaven. 
But as it is written : " Eye hath not seen, nor ear 
heard, neither have entered into the heart of man 
the things which God hath prepared for them that 
love him." 

In review, what lessons do we learn ? 

1. We may know if we are righteous. Have we 
their character? Are we doing their works? 

2. We may know if we are not righteous. We 
shall not have their character, nor do their works. 



ii8 



3. We see, although faintly, the glorious, un- 
speakable destiny of the righteous. Pen cannot 
describe it, nor pencil throw it on the canvas. With 
our lively imagination we can see Brother Sherman 
in the Holy City, walking its streets with a crown 
of glory on his head studded with dazzling gems, 
sparkling like the sun's brilliant rays, clothed with 
the celestial robe of righteousness, more glorious 
than language can picture, chanting to his infinite 
Redeemer heavenly paeans, loud hallelujahs, sweet 
doxologies, with saints and angels making the arches 
of heaven ring. Oh! how soon, how soon, if righte- 
ous, we shall join him, and then ! 



R.DSS JiOTICES 



Xotide,^ of tl\e ftQ^ 




EFORE and after Mr. Sherman died, many 
references to him appeared in the New 
England papers. As indicating the im- 
pression which he made upon those outside of his 
own immediate circle of relatives and friends, we 
make below a few selections. 

[From T/ie Advertiser, Providence, R. I., after his retirement from 
the Pendnlum.\ 

It is with very melancholy emotions of heart 
that we sit down to write a paragraph or two record- 
ing the retirement of William N. Sherman, Esq., 
from the proprietorship and management of The 
Rhode Island Penduhim, published at East Green- 
wich for so long a period, and so well known as a 
very ably conducted and most respectable and excel- 
lent family newspaper. The Penduhtm was originally 
started by Mr. Sherman about twenty-three years 
ago, and has been owned and steadily conducted by 
him ever since, with very good success. The Woo?t- 
socket Pah'iot was also originally started by Mr. 
Sherman, who conducted it for about nine years, 
when he was afflicted with a long period of sickness 
and disposed of that paper to its present publisher. 
His subsequent residence in East Greenwich proved 
every way healthful to him, and he has long been 
13 



held in the highest estimation there as a man of ex- 
cellent general intelligence, fine business capacity, 
irreproachable character and large-hearted Christian 
benevolence. 

Mr. Sherman's first enterprise as an editor and 
proprietor was the publication of The Ladies Mir- 
ror, which he started at Southbridge, Mass., about 
the year 1831 ; and we are happy to be able to state 
that such has ever been his prudence, judicious man- 
agement, persevering industry and honorable con- 
duct, that he now retires from business not only 
" with all his blushing honors thick upon him," but 
also with a very handsome amount of "real-«.d per- 
sonal." If we had his note at six per cent, for fifty, 
seventy-five or a hundred thousand dollars, we should 
feel that we were "very well fixed." 

We have said that it made us feel sad to record 
the retirement of Mr. Sherman from The Pendulum, 
and the reason is that we have been in the habit, for 
a long time, of meeting him often, every week, in 
the office of TJie General Advertiser, and have 
learned to " like his ways," as the saying is. He has 
always proved to be a most affable gentleman as well 
as a most diligent and methodical business man. 

(From The Advertise}- and Gazette of Providence, after his death.) 

A good man — a thoroughly upright, intelligent, 
respected, successful business man, and a consistent 
Christian man — has departed, and Rhode Island has 
lost another of her excellent citizens. William N. 
Sherman, one of the old master-printers of the State, 



123 

the original proprietor of The Woonsockct Patriot, 
and subsequently of TJie East Grcenzviah Pendulum, 
died on the 2d instant, in Rutland, Vt., at the ripe 
age of seventy-three. 

In this office — the old office of A. Crawford Greene 
& Son— Mr. Sherman was familiarly known as " Un- 
cle William,'' he being the uncle of the late lamented 
senior partner. But so much was he liked by all 
the old employees, who had been here for so m^ny 
years, that they all claimed him as uncle. His 
last paper, The Rhode Island Pendulnm, he had 
printed in this office up to the time when he sold it 
to its present proprietor ; and as we were accus- 
tomed to seeing him more or less every week for a 
long period, we learned to esteem him very highly. 
He w^as always very pleasant and sociable and often 
quite jocular ; and although we had not, of late, 
seen much of him, since he retired from business, 
we still find it hard to realize that he has gone for all 
time. 

He was a well-informed, sagacious man, who had 
been about our country considerably, and always 
had much to say that was interesting and instruc- 
tive. He was a man of high and firm moral and re- 
ligious principles, and no one was ever more honor- 
able in the fulfillment of all obligations. Being a 
practical and good printer, he liked to work over his 
paper, and did more or less, every week, in the w^ay 
of what is technically called " making-up." Rather 
unexpectedly to us, however, he finally sold out TJie 
Rhode Island Pendulum and retired — as, indeed, 



124 

he might well have done long before, for he had 
accumulated a decidedly handsome property. 

Although Mr. Sherman was entirely successful 
with The Patriot at Woonsocket, he told us once that 
he never was well there. Something about the climate 
of the place did not seem to agree with him ; and 
after a severe fit of sickness he decided to go to 
East Greenwich. Here, for many years, he enjoyed 
good health, and here, we may say, he was greatly 
esteemed and respected. He was a worthy mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church there, and built, at his own 
cost, what is known as the Marlboro Chapel. 
Whether this was given by him, in his lifetime, or 
whether it has been willed, to any society, we are 
unable to say. Mr. Sherman leaves a widow and a 
married daughter, an only child ; and, as we learn, 
he possessed real and personal estate to a very con- 
siderable amount. 

(From The Boston Globe.') 

He was a journalist of conservative views and was 
ever the advocate of all that tended to the improve- 
ment of those around him and the furtherance of the 
principles of justice, humanity and benevolence. A 
man of benevolent and religious impulses, he sought 
the good of his fellow man in acts of useful benev- 
olence. He was one of the founders of the Free 
Library in 1867, and, associated with Governor 
Green, was one of its liberal benefactors, and con- 
tributed to the fund for the erection of a handsome 
library building. Among his last public acts was a 



25 



contribution of one hundred vdlumes to its already 
large collection. Honoring religion in all its forms, 
he had his own peculiar ideas upon creeds and 
tenets, — tending to liberality of religious opinion. 
In accordance with his views and the promptings of 
a benevolent nature the Marlboro Street Chapel of 
East Greenwich was erected in 1872 at the sole ex- 
pense of Mr. Sherman at a cost of $5, 000. In 1874 
an Independent Baptist Church was organized ot 
open communion. The pulpit has been regularly 
supplied by various ministers of evangelical denom- 
ination, and the Sunday-school and library have 
been supported almost entirely by Mr. Sherman. 
The sittings are free, and at this chapel all can wor- 
ship whenever they choose free of expense, in all 
accordance with the invitation given at its dedica- 
tion : "Whosoever will may come." 

He was a member of Harmony Lodge of Odd 
Fellows, and for several years a prominent member 
of the order in Rhode Island. Thus closes a useful 
life full of good deeds, and an industry that brought 
to him comfort and ease in the sunset of life, and 
left to the generations that shall follow a wholesome 
example. 

(From The Rhode Island Pendulum.) 

Mr. Sherman was a man of strong prejudices, 
but possessed sterling traits of character. He was 
a man of marked individuality, condemning what 
he conceived to be wrong. He became united with 
the Baptist Church at Woonsocket in 1838, but 



126 



previously had induced a goodly number of children 
of the village who seemed to need moral and relig- 
ious instruction to assemble in the old Red School- 
house, where he conducted a Sunday-school that 
was afterward transferred to the Baptist Church. 
After his removal to East Greenwich, with a true 
missionary spirit he incorporated those benevolent 
impulses which prompted him, about the year 1872, 
to buy a notorious rookery at the corner of Long 
and Marlboro Streets and erect on the spot a chapel 
where there has been preaching since, with free 
seats, a flourishing Sunday school being connected 
with it, while the whole has been mainly sustained 
by the bounty of the subject of this sketch. 

(From The Providence Press.) 

He was the liberal patron of every good work 
in East Greenwich, and his effort to lift up the lower 
classes of society in that place deserve the most un- 
qualified commendation. That these might have a 
place of worship where they would feel entirely at 
home, he erected the Marlboro Street Chapel at his 
own cost, and sustained the greater part of the ex- 
pense of supplying the pulpit for many years. He 
was kindly, great-hearted, and the friend of every- 
body who deserved friendship. 

(From The Providence Journal?) 

William N. Sherman, of East Greenwich, died 
Thursday, in Rutland, Vt., aged seventy-three years 
Mr. Sherman was the founder of The Wooiisockct Pa- 



127 



triot, and subsequently started The Rhode Island 
Penduhun which he conducted for many years. Mr. 
Sherman was a plain, upright, conscientious man, 
whose daily life was devoid of reproach, and whose 
labors were modestly, but earnestly and intelligently, 
devoted to the elevation and improvement of his 
fellow men. 

(From The Vermont Baptist.) 

An indefatigable worker for God, his country, 
and his fellow men. 

He was greatly esteemed and respected. He 
was a worthy member of the Baptist Church, and 
built, at his own cost, what is known as the Marl- 
boro Chapel. Mr. Sherman leaves a widow and a 
married daughter, an only child ; and, as we learn, 
he possessed real and personal estate to a very con- 
siderable amount. 



IDES, ffOEMS AND ^YMNS. 



WRITTEN BY WILLIAM N. SHERMAN, ON DIFFERENT 
OCCASIONS. 



Ode. 

Prepared for a Fourth of July Celebration in Southbridge, 

Mass., 1832. 

All hail to the day whose triumph was bright ! 
And hail to fair freedom, emerging to light, 
Reflecting the brilliant escutcheons of fame, 
From darkness, which shrouded America's name. 

Its lustre has circled the brow of the brave, 
And deck'd with green laurels the patriot's grave, 
Has braided its garland of vict'ry and peace, 
And lightened the footsteps of time in its pace. 

With songs and with honors let us now entwine 
A wreath of thanksgiving for gifts so divine ; 
Let hearts bright with gladness and glory rebound, 
Generations to come shall echo the sound. 

Proclaim to the world our fifty-sixth morn, 
Since the birth of our freedom — our new world was born ; 
We're joyful, we're free, Independence still claim, 
And proud of our country we boast of our name. 

"United we stand, divided we fall," 

*' E Pluribus Ununi" America's all — 
United in bonds of affection and peace. 
May wisdom, and science, and virtue increase. 



132 



Oh, thus be it ever, and triumph long wave, 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave 
Preserve us, defend us, oh. Power Supreme, 
All glory and honor we give to thy name. 



Written for the Same Occasion. 

Hail, Freedom ! long with us abide — 
For thee our fathers lived and died — 
Thou art our boasted song and pride — 

Thou art our glowing fame. 
Years have fled since bold hearts high 
Beat to the sound, " Our Country ;" 
Swore that they'd live free, or die, 

And crush the oppressor's name. 

That proud oath, where war-smoke curled, 
They redeemed, and then unfurled 
Their banner to the western world — 

" Union and Liberty." 
Banner of the sainted dead, 
Wave in triumph o'er their bed 
Whom thy folds to vict'r? led, 

To immortality. 

Loud, long applaud each hero's name. 
And sing their deeds of deathless fame, 
Their struggle with oppression's flame. 

Their many a pain and toil ! 
For us in war-pomp, proud arrayed, 
They boldly fought, they bravely bled — 
Their sons to freedom they have led. 

Upon the war-ground's soil. 



^33 

Then let Columbia's sons rejoice, 
Let music burst from every voice, 
And sound the glory of our choice, 

Our blest America. 
Let poor old England cry '• Reform," 
We care not for the impending storm. 
We'll fortify in every form 

For Liberty's array. 



Written for The Monthly Harvester, 1841. 
Ye Stars! Ye Stars! 

Ye stars, ye stars, ye burning stars — 

Ye heavenly hosts of light — 
Set round in glorious diadems 

For heaven and earth's delight. 
Say, are ye the tapers round the throne 

That shone oil Bethlehem's plain 
When the only Son of God was born, 

And angels sang, "Amen ! " 

Yes ; there ye shine, and there have shone, 

E'en since creation's birth ; 
And there forever still may shine, 

'Till a new heaven and earth ; 
And when old things are passed away, 

And truth and error sever. 
When by the throne of your own God, 

The saints shall shine forever. 

O blessed stars ! — since time began, 

Your glory beamed as bright ; 
The patriarchs and prophets found 

In ye much sweet delight. 



'34 

The same our fathers looked upon — 
Our father's fathers praised — 

Are the very stars that still shine on, 
Above our fathers' graves. 

And so 'twill be when we are gone — 

Ye'll twinkle still as bright ; 
And morning stars together sing, 

As at creation's light. 
When earth and heaven dissolve and fly, 

And ye shall " fall " away, 
The stars of God's eternity 

Shall make eternal dav. 



Written for The Monthly Harvester, 1841. 
"That Fadeth Not Away." 

Oh ! who would always live on earth 

Where sorrows ever rise ? 
Where cloud on cloud of anguish comes 

Across our brightest skies } 
Where gnawing cares are ever fresh, 

And pain oft fills the breast? 
Oh, know ye not, ye earthly ones, 

This is no place of rest ? 

Oh, who would barter gems of bliss. 

And joys that never tire. 
For earth's best glories, mutable, 

Which bloom but to expire } 
Oh, who would brave life's scathing storms, 

Without a hope in heaven .? 
There fadeth not away that hope, 

If sinners are foro:iven. 



Then seek not wealth and pleasure here, 

Beneath a changeful sky, 
Where love grows cold, and friendships ebb, 

And bosom friends must die ; 
But treasure deep within the heart, 

A mansion bright and fair. 
For there immutable, unfading bliss 

Is — there, and only there. 



Ode. 

Prepared for the Fourth of July Celebration at Wick ford, 
1843- 

'Tis Freedom's natal day — 

A nation's jubilee ; — 
And here our festival we pay, 

Sweet Liberty, to thee ! 

Let tuneful shouts arise. 

From every heart and voice ; 
Let paeans reach the upper skies, 

And echo back, " Rejoice." 

Nor king's nor tyrant's power. 

Nor monarch's haughty sway, 
Can dim the glory of the hour 

We consecrate to-day. 

The king upon his throne, 

Rules with oppression's rod ; 
But we no king or sovereign own, 

Save the Eternal God. 

Let tuneful shouts arise. 

From every heart and voice ; 
Let paeans reach the upper skies. 

And echo back, "Rejoice." 



136 

Written for the Same Occasion. 

Eternal God ! to thee we bend, 
Our fathers' God, our fathers' friend ; 
To thee our grateful voices raise, 
In humble hope and solemn praise. 

Thy hand sustained each bleeding breast 

When by a tyrant's power oppress'd. 

And when upon the batde-field. 

Thou wert their strength, and thou their shield. 

Thy mighty arm was bared to save 
Our fathers from oppression's grave ; 
And we, their sons, are pledged to be 
Heirs of their immortality. 

Departed sires ! we sing thy fame ! 
Thy valor and thy deathless name, 
Thy banner waves yet, sainted dead I 
In triumph o'er your silent bed ! 

Forever wave that banner high 
Through every arch of Freedom's sky ; 
And ever may our banner be 
Inscribed "To God and Liberty ! " 



Prepared for the Centennial Celebration at Greemvich, 
Fourth of July, 1876. 

Eternal God ! to Thee we raise. 
In humble thanks and solemn praise, 
Our heart and voice before Thy throne, 
For blessings of a centurv gone. 



137 

When our young nation was oppressed, 

Thine arm sustained in our distress, 

And when upon the battle-field 

Thou wert our strength, and Thou our shield. 

A hundred years have passed away, 
And on this hundredth natal day 
The banner of our sainted dead 
Floats in rich folds above our head. 

Forever wave that banner high, 
Through every arch of Freedom's sky, 
And North and South, and East and West, 
In Union be forever blest. 

Then God's right hand shall shade our fears 
And bless the coming hundred years ; 
And Freedom from her mountain height 
Proclaim aloud that right is inight. 

A century hence ! We shall be gone I 
But generations yet unborn 
May float the flag — may voices raise, 
And sing again Centennial praise. 



Written for a Sabbath-school Concert, 

What did Jesus Say? 

Jesus in the temple with the doctors wise. 
Asking wondrous questions, giving wise replies ; 
When His parents found him, seeking night and day 
Jesus in the temple, what did Jesus say ? 

Luke, ii. 49. 
15 



Jesus at the Jordan, coming unto John, 
That He might baptize him, the beloved son ; 
When John from His purpose sought to turn away, 
Jesus at the Jordan, what did Jesus say ? 

Matt. Hi. 15. 

At the well of Jacob, resting by its brink, 
Bidding the Samaritan give to Him to drink, 
When she asked of Jesus where men ought to pray, 
At the well of Jacob, what did Jesus say? 

John, iv. 2\, 23. 

On the sea of Galilee, when the storm was high, 
"Save us. Lord, we perish ! " His disciples cry, 
While they marvel greatly as the winds obey, 
■On the sea of Galilee, what did Jesus say? 

att. via. 26. 
Coming into Bethan)^, meeting full of gloom 
Martha mourning Lazarus lying in the tomb ; 
Of the resurrection and the last great day. 
Coming into Bethany, what did Jesus say ? 

John, xi. 25, 26. 

Weeping o'er Jerusalem, city of the king, 
Whom He would have gathered 'neath his loving wing, 
Mourning for her children, going all astray. 
Weeping o'er Jerusalem, what did Jesus say ? 

IMatt. xxiii. 7,'j. 

At the Lord's last supper, ere He went to die, 
In that upper chamber, as the end drew nigh. 
When He gently told them He must go away, 
At the sacramental supper, what did Jesus say ? 

yoh7t, xiv. 2. 

In the dark Gethsemane His disciples slept. 
While, exceeding sorrowful, Jesus prayed and wept, 
When He found them sleeping who should watch and pray, 
In the dark Gethsemane, what did Jesus say ? 

Luke, xxii. 45, 46. 



139 



From the INIount of Calvary, on the cross of woe. 
Seeing the three Marys, they who loved Him so, 
To the dear disciples ere he went away, 
On the Mount of Calvary, what did Jesus say? 

John, xix, 26, 27, 

From the cross of sorrow, ere His soul went up, 
As He drank the fullness of the bitter cup, 
Looking on His enemies, in their dark array, 
On the cross of sorrow, what did Jesus say ? 

Luke, xxiii. 34. 

At His home in Heaven, in the world above, 
Where the little children learn His wondrous love, 
And their sins forgiven on that blessed day. 
At His home in Heaven, what will Jesus say ? 

Matt. x.xv. 34. 



Written for a Sabbath-school Concert. 
Heaven. 

There'll be no night in Heaven ; 

In that blest world above 
Work never can bring wearines'^, 

For Heaven's work is love. 

There is no grief in Heaven, 

For life is one glad day. 
And tears belong to former things 

Which long have passed away. 

There'll be no want in Heaven, 

Hunger and thirst no more 
Shall reach the followers of the Lamb 

On that celestial shore. 



I40 

There'll be no sin in Heaven ; 

Behold that blessed throng 
All holy in their spotless robes ! 

And holy is their song. 

There'll be no death in Heaven, 
For they who gain that shore 

Have put on immortality 
And thev will die no more. 



[The following lines were suggested by a thrilling 
scene which recently transpired in our vicinity. A 
man was run over by a train of cars and had both 
legs cut off, and in a dying state was taken to his 
home. His little daughter, who, though very young, 
had been taught in the Sunday-school that without 
repentance and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ there 
could be no admission into heaven, realized the situ- 
ation of her dear father, and bursting into tears en- 
treated him to pray. It was too late for audible 
prayer, but it is hoped that he found peace and 
Heaven.] 

Pray ! Papa, Pray ! 

Pray, papa, pray I oh, quickly pray ! 

Heed, heed thy little daughter's cry ; 
Thine end is near — pray, papa, pray ! 

This day, dear papa, tiiou must die. 

Pray, papa, pray ! 'tis not too late ; 

Oh, haste to have thy sins forgiven ; 
Jesus is ready to receive, 

And save thy soul this day in Heaven. 



41 



Oh, Jesus ! love my papa dear, 
And gently wash his sins away ; 

Oh, fit him for a heavenly home 

Where we may meet — pray, papa, pray ! 

A moment more — the spirit fled, 
And bitter silence reigned that day ; 

The child still lingered near the dead, 
And asked in vain — Did papa pray ?