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MEN OF MAKK IN CONNECTICUT 



Men of Mark in Connecticut 



IDEALS OF AMERICAN LIFE TOLD IN BIOG- 
RAPHIES AND AUTOBIOGRAPHIES OF 
EMINENT LIVING AMERICANS 



EDITED BY 

COLONEL N. G. OSBORN 

M 
EDITOK "NEW HAVEN JOURNAL AND COURIER" 



VOLUME II 



WILLIAM R. GOODSPEED 

HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT 
1906 



Copyright 1904 by B. F. Johnson 



[u 



LIBKARYofOONef-JESSj 
Two Copies nhcui^j. 

AFK 14 1908 



The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, Hartford, Conn. 



MEN OF MARK IN CONNECTICUT 

Col, N. G. Osborn, Editor-in-Chief 



ADVISORY BOARD 



HON. WILLIAM S. CASE . . . . 

JIIBGE OF SI7FKBI0B COUBT 



Hartfobd 



HON. GEORGE S. GODAED 



STATE lilBBABIAK 



Hartford 



HON. FREDERICK J. KINGSBURY, LL.D. . . Waterbukt 

MEMBER CORPORATION TALE UNIVEESITr 



CAPTAIN EDWARD W. MARSH . 

TREASUEEB PEOPLE'S SAVINGS BANK 



Bridgeport 



COL. N. G. OSBORN 



editor new haten begisteb 



HON. HENRY ROBERTS 



EX-OOyEBNOR. 



New Haven 



Hartford 



HON. JONATHAN TRUMBULL 

T.TBBARTAN FT7BLIC LIBRARY 



Norwich 



WILLIAM KNEELAND TOWNSEND 

TOWNSEND, JUDGE WILLIAM KNEELAND, of the United 
States Circuit Court, comes of a family that long has held 
a prominent place in the university town of New Haven, 
where he was born June 12th, 1848. 

He is the son of James Mulford and Maria Theresa Townsend. 
He was fond of his books and of the companionship of good friends 
as well, and youthful characteristics have remained constant. Gradu- 
ated from Yale in 1871, in a class that gave not a few eminent men to 
the professions, he continued his studies in the Yale Law School, along 
the line which nature seemed to have marked out for him. In 1874 
he received the degree of LL.B, and immediately was admitted to the 
bar in New Haven County, and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession. For a time he was associated with Simeon E. Baldwin of 
New Haven, now Justice in the Supreme Court of Errors, with whom 
he had studied law during his course. He quickly gained recognition 
as a practitioner and, as part of his work, was employed by the New 
York, New Haven & Hartford Eailroad Company as attorney in im- 
portant litigation. In 1878 he received the degree of Master of Laws 
from the Yale Law School and two years later that of Doctor of Civil 
Laws. 

His interest in public affairs and his civic spirit were manifested 
in 1880, when he was chosen a member of the New Haven Court of 
Common Council, and in 1881 and 1882 he was alderman from his 
ward. He has served his city also as corporation counsel. His con- 
nection with Yale University as an instructor dates from 1881, when 
he was appointed to the chair of Pleading, in the Law school. Sub- 
sequently he was selected for the Edward J. Phelps chair on Contracts. 
The appointments were of material importance to the school for, aside 
from his personal popularity with both students and professors, his 
lucidity and force did much to increase the reputation the school had 
gained. 

It was March 28th, 1892, that he was chosen for the responsible 

9 



10 WILLIAM KNEEIAND TOWNSEND. 

position of judge of the United States District Court, for the district 
of Connecticut. The estimate placed upon the discharge of his duties 
in that capacity was evidenced when, in 1902, he was promoted to be 
judge in the United States Circuit Court, Second District. Some of 
his decisions have had far-reaching effect and have contributed in no 
small measure to the country's law literature. 

In addition the judge has found opportunity to do considerable 
outside writing. A widely known work of his is " The Connecticut 
Civil Officer," and he is the author of the articles on " Patents," 
" Trademarks," " Copyrights," and " Admiralty," in " Two Centuries 
Growth of American Law." Also he has contributed frequently to 
tlie magazines. 

In politics Judge Townsend is a Eepublican, and in religion a 
Congregationalist, He is intensely fond of outdoor life and recrea- 
tion, and is an enthusiastic member of the Boone and Crocket Club 
of New York and of the Country Club of New Haven. He also be- 
longs to the Society of Skull and Bones at Yale, the Graduates Club 
of New Haven, and the Yale Club, the Century Club, and the Uni- 
versity Club of New York. 

Judge Townsend married Miss Mary Leavenworth Trowbridge of 
New Haven on July 1st, 1874. They have had three children, one 
of whom is now living, George Henry Townsend, 2d, a student in 
Yale College. Their home is at No. 148 Grove Street, New Haven. 



JAMES PERRY PLATT 

PLATT, JAMES PERRY, of Meriden, United States District 
Judge for the district of Connecticut since March 23d, 1902, 
comes of a long line of sturdy, able ancestors. Few family 
names in Connecticut have won as much respect and reverence. 

Richard Piatt of England arrived in New Haven Colony in 
1638 and, foremost in organizing a church society, settled in Milford. 
His son, Isaac Piatt, was a captain of militia and held nearly all the 
offices of prominence in the town. One of his descendents removed to 
Washington, Connecticut, where the Piatt homestead has been main- 
tained ever since. In the Revolutionary War a father and son did 
their part in behalf of the struggling colonies. In times of peace the 
members of the family were hardy, industrious farmers. 

Judge Piatt is the son of the late Hon, Orville Hitchcock Piatt, 
United States Senator, who was born in Washington. The father lo- 
cated as a lawyer in Meriden. His wonderful talents were soon 
recognized and he was elected successively Secretary of the State, 
State Senator, member of the House of Representatives, of which he 
was speaker in 1869, and United States Senator in 1879. This high 
office he held until his death in 1905. With what efficiency he served 
his state and the nation, in what esteem he was held in council at home 
or at the federal capital is a part of Connecticut's proudest history. 

Senator Piatt's first wife was Annie Bull, of the Perry family of 
Towando, Bradford County, Pa. She was an earnest worker in the 
Congregational Church in Meriden and was possessed of those graces 
which endeared her to her friends and commanded the love and tender 
respect of her household. 

The Judge was born in Towando on March 31, 1851. After a 
course at the celebrated " Gunnery " School at Washington, Connecti- 
cut — the old family home — he attended the Hopkins Grammar School 
in New Haven, where he completed his preparation for college. 
Entering Yale immediately, he displayed an aptness for learning and 
had a special predilection for boating, football, baseball, and other 

11 



12 JAMES PERRY PLATT. 

manly sports. In later life he has found pleasure and relaxation 
in tenuis. On graduating from college in the class of 1873, he went 
to the Yale Law School, following his father's wishes and his own in- 
clination, and received his degree as bachelor of laws in 1875, 

Immediately he joined with his father in the practice of his pro- 
fession in Meriden, the firm title being 0. H. & J. P. Piatt. Three 
years later he was chosen representative from his town to the General 
Assembly. After serving in 1878 and 1879 he was appointed City 
Attorney of Meriden, the duties of which office he discharged with 
marked ability from 1879 to 1893, when he was chosen by the General 
Assembly to be Judge of the City and Police Court of that city. It 
was while serving in this capacity, in the year 1902, that he was ap- 
pointed United States District Judge. From the beginning of his 
term, he has won the highest commendation of his associates and of 
the members of the bar. 

In politics Judge Piatt is a Kepublican. In religion he is affil- 
iated with the Protestant Episcopal Church. He is a member of 
Meridian Lodge, No. 77, F. & A. M., and of St. Elmo Commandery, 
of Meriden, and at one time was Master of the Blue Lodge, F. & 
A. M. He is also a member of the Home Club of Meriden, the Yale 
Club of New York, and is a trustee of the Meriden Savings Bank. 

He married Miss Harriet White Ives of Meriden on December 
2, 1885. They have had two children, one of whom, Margery Piatt, 
born December 30, 1886, is living; the other, a boy named after him- 
self, died in infancy. The judge's home is at No. 130 Lincoln Street, 
Meriden. 



ALBERTO T. RORABACK 

RORx\BACK, ALBERTO T., of North Canaan, associate 
judge of the Supreme Court, was born in Sheffield, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 23d, 1849. His father, John C, was 
a farmer, industrious and sturdy of character. He migrated from 
Columbia County, New York, to Suffield, Massachusetts, in 1846. 
The name of Roraback, as it suggests, is of German origin. Early 
in 1700, three brothers from the town of Rohrbach in Alsace, Lor- 
raine, settled in what is now known as Columbia County in the State 
of New York. During this century the name was spelled Rorabacher, 
and about 1800, apparently fpr the sake of brevity and convenience, 
it was changed to Roraback. After obtaining such education as the 
public schools of his native town could furnish, the boy went to 
the South Berkshire Institute in New Marlboro, Massachusetts, and 
thence to the Genesee Seminary in New York State. Endowed with 
remarkable perspicacity and clearness in reasoning, he had a natural 
bent toward the bar. 

When he entered the law office of Judge Donald J. Warner of 
Salisbury, Connecticut, in 1870, to begin his Blackstone, he entered 
upon a career which, through his grit, energy, perseverance, and 
kindly disposition, was to give him high place in his State, Ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1872, he early won the confidence of a strong 
clientele and was welcomed into that circle of lawyers who maintain 
the high standard of the Litchfield County Bar. By 1889 he had risen 
to the position of judge of the Court of Common Pleas of the County, 
which office he held until 1893, and during that period not one of 
his decisions was overruled by the Supreme Court of Errors. There 
was always a goodly modicum of plain common sense in his opinions 
along with the evidence of faithful research and thorough knowledge 
of the law. Every reason there was, then, except political, why 
he should be continued as judge, but he was a strong Republican 
and the Legislature of 1893 was Democratic. In 1897, however, 
when the term of his successor expired, the Legislature was Repub- 

15 



16 ALBERTO T. RORABACK 

lican again and Judge Eoraback was re-elected for another term of 
four years. 

But liigher position was to be his. When a vacancy occurred on 
tlie bench of the Superior Court in 1897, the record Judge Eoraback 
had made was sufficient proof of his worthiness for the position and 
he was appointed. His decisions in the higher position have been, 
like those when presiding over the Court of Common Pleas, most 
carefully formed and most clearly expressed. In 1907, Governor 
Woodruff conferred the high honor upon Judge Eoraback of re-ap- 
pointing him to the Superior Court for eight years, and also appoint- 
ing him an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Errors for a 
like period upon the retirement of Judge Hamersley when he reaches 
the constitutional age limit of seventy years. The prophecies of 
those who have followed his career since his early youth are abun- 
dantly fulfilled. 

The judge first consented to the use of his name as a candidate 
for the Legislature in 1895, and he led his party to its first victory in 
thirty years in North Canaan. As a member of the lower House, he 
made himself felt and gave such satisfaction to his constituents that 
he was re-elected in 1897. In that session his abilities were recog- 
nized by his appointment by the speaker to the chairmanship of 
the judiciary committee, which carries the party leadership in the 
House. His leadership was a success. He never wasted words and 
time. His explanations of various measures were sharp and vivid, 
his conclusions eminently just and his influence consequently pow- 
erful. He also served as representative from the Ninth Senatorial 
District on the Eepublican State Central Committee. Since his ap- 
pointment to the Superior Court bench, he has taken no active part 
in politics. 

As lawyer, as representative, as judge, he never has lost interest 
in the humblest of his friends, and each step in his advancement has 
been applauded heartily by all who knew him, without regard to 
party. He is " counselor and friend " to many. 

He was married in 1873 to Minnie E. Hunt, daughter of Ed- 
ward P. Hunt, an iron manufacturer of Northwestern Connecticut. 
Of their seven children, five are now living, Grace M., a teacher in 
New Haven ; M. Louise, a graduate of Moimt Holyoke College in the 
class of 1899 ; Albert E., B. A., Yale Academic, 1902, B. D., Yale 



ALBERTO T. RORABACK 17 

Divinity School, 1905, and now Assistant Pastor of the Central Con- 
gregational Church in Providence, E. I.; J. Clinton, B.A., Yale 
Academic, 1903, and LL.B., Yale Law School, 1905 (playing Center 
on the Yale foot-ball team in 1903-1904), now practicing law in 
his father's oflSce in Canaan, Connecticut, and Catherine Hunt, now 
making her home with her parents in Canaan. 



JOHN xMOWRY THAYER 

THAYER, JOHN MOWRY, lawyer and Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Errors, is a resident of Norwich, New London County, 
Connecticut, who was born in Thompson, Windham County, 
Connecticut, March 15th, 1847, the son of Charles D. and Lucy E. 
Thayer. His father was a farmer who held a number of town offices 
and through whom the Judge traces his ancestry to Thomas and 
Margery Thayer, who came from Braintree, Essex County, England, 
and settled in Braintree, Massachusetts, in 1G36. 

In his childhood and boyhood John Thayer was strong and well 
and when not at school he was busy at work on his father's farm. 
His parents encouraged his desires for a thorough education and were 
able to supply the means for it. He prepared for college at Nichols 
Academy in Dudley, Massachusetts, and under private tutors and in 
due time he matriculated at Yale University, where he was graduated 
with the degree of A.B. in 1869. Then, in accordance with both 
parental wishes and personal choice, he prepared himself for the pro- 
fession of law. He read law for two years in the office of Judge 
James A. Hovey in Norwich, Connecticut, and was admitted to the 
Bar in New London in September, 1871. 

After his admission to the Bar, Judge Thayer spent a year prac- 
ticing law in Iowa and subsequently returned to Connecticut. He 
formed a legal partnership with Judge Hovey in Norwich, which city 
has been his home ever since. In 1875 and again in 1876 he was 
Judge of the City Court of Norwich. From July, 1883, to July, 
1899, he was State's Attorney for New London County. From 
July, 1889, to January, 1907, a period of seventeen and one-half 
years, he was Judge of the Superior Court and since January 31st, 
1907, he has been Judge of the Supreme Court of Errors. This 
honorable position tells better than anything else the breadth and ex- 
tent of his legal and judicial ability and the mental capability and 
powerful personality of the man himself. 

Judge Thayer unites with the Democratic party in politics. He 
has no fraternal or Masonic affiliations and finds out-of-door life 
the best relaxation from work. He is particularly devoted to walking 
and automobiling. He is unmarried. 

18 




/^7^£.^^^ 



WILLIAM THOMAS ELMER 

ELMEE, HON. WILLIAM THOMAS, lawyer, jurist, and public 
man, judge of Superior Court, state referee, and former mem- 
ber of Legislature, of Middletown, Connecticut, was bom in 
Eome, Oneida County, New York, November 7th, 1834, a member 
of an old and substantial New England family. His grandfather, 
Theodorus Elmer, was a dairy farmer in Herkimer County, New 
York, and his father, Lebbeus E. Elmer, was a pioneer merchant of 
Eome, New York, who was United States Marshal, town sheriff, a 
prominent Mason and a trustee of the Methodist Church for fifty 
years and a man of marked integrity and unswerving Christian 
faith. His wife, Judge Elmer's mother, was Charlotte Mudge, a 
woman of splendid character and ennobling influence. 

In boyhood Judge Elmer was vigorous and fun-loving, full of 
ambition and spirit and fond of books and study as well. He was 
especially fond of history and the great English novelists. Fielding, 
Sterne, SmoUet, Scott, Thackeray, and Dickens. He was able to se- 
cure a good education which consisted of public school courses, college 
preparation at the Eome Academy, and a college course at Wesleyan 
University, where he was graduated with the degree of B.A. in 1857. 
He then entered upon his professional study, having chosen the law as 
his life work, and after studying a year at The Albany Law School 
he was admitted to the Bar in Hartford in 1859. He opened his 
legal practice in Suffield, Connecticut, and at the end of a year he 
transferred his oflBce to Middletown, Connecticut, where he has prac- 
ticed law ever since. 

As soon as Middletown became his home and the center of his 
professional interests, Judge Elmer became identified with the po- 
litical, the educational and, indeed, with all the public interests of 
that city. He was appointed State's Attorney in 1863 and remained 
in that office until 1875. In 1863 and 1864 he was clerk of the 
House of Eepresentatives, serving the Eepublican party, of which he 
has always been a staunch adherent. In 1865 he became Judge of Pro- 

21 



22 WILLIAM THOMAS ELMER. 

bate and Clerk of the Senate. In 1873 he was state senator, chairman 
of Judiciary, and leader of the Senate. In 1876 he was Mayor of 
Middletown and in 1880 he became Judge of the City Court, in which 
capacity he served four years. In 1883 he was reappointed State's 
Attorney and held that office with great capability and success until 
1895, when he relinquished it for his position on the Superior Court 
Bench. In the fall of 1894 he was elected to the State Legislature, 
this time serving as chairman of the judiciary committee and as 
leader of the House. In March, 1895, Judge Elmer was imanimously 
elected to his position on the Bench of the Superior Court and h£is 
served with his characteristic ability, tact, and success, winning es- 
teem and popularity at every step in his career upon the Bench and 
a reputation for absolute justice, keen judgment, and fruitful, ener- 
getic work. In November, 1904, he was appointed State Referee. 

Judge Elmer has been a political leader, an eminent lawyer, and 
a light in the legislative and judicial affairs of his state and has had 
many other interests in life and many other spheres of usefulness. 
He has been exceedingly active and influential in raising the standard 
of education in Middletown and has greatly benefited the public 
schools in that city. He was a member of the Middletown Board 
of Education for many years and its president for a number of 
years. He has fraternal connections with St. John's Lodge, F. and 
A. M., and when a student at Wesleyan he was a member of the fa- 
mous " Mystic Seven." In May, 1862, Judge Elmer married Miss 
Katharine Lanman Camp of Middletown, by whom he has had four 
children, three of whom, two daughters and a son, are now living. 
The son, Avery Theodore Elmer, graduated from Yale Law School 
in 1903 and has been admitted to the Bar, and is now practicing in 
Middletown and is clerk of the City Court. 



SILAS ARNOLD ROBINSON 

ROBINSON, SILAS ARNOLD, Judge of the Superior Court, 
and a well-known citizen and ex-mayor of Middletown, Mid- 
dlesex County, Connecticut, is the son of Eev. Daniel Robin- 
son, a Baptist clergyman, and of Ursula Matilda Arnold Robinson. 
He was born in Pleasant Valley, 'Fulton County, New York, Sep- 
tember 7th, 1840, and spent most of his youth in the country. He 
was strong and healthy and a devotee of all outdoor sports. He was 
equally interested in books and his mind developed rapidly under 
the strong intellectual influence of his parents, who were persons of 
noble character. Their influence in forming their son's character 
and shaping his career as well as in quickening his moral and spirit- 
ual life was one that he feels cannot be over-estimated. 

His first school days were spent at the Lewis Academy in South- 
ington and he afterwards studied at the Bacon Academy in Col- 
chester and finally at the Brookside Institute in Sand Lake, New 
York. His strongest ambition was to follow the legal profession and 
as soon as he finished school he entered the law office of Gale Alden 
in Troy, New York. He was admitted to the Bar at Albany, New 
York, in December, 1863, and the following year he came to Middle- 
town, Connecticut, which has been his home and the center of his 
professional practice ever since. 

In 1878 came the first tribute to Mr. Robinson's great ability 
along judicial and legal lines, for in that year he was elected Judge 
of Probate for the District of Middletovm and served two years in 
that office. In 1880 and 1881 he was mayor of Middletown and for a 
long period he served with great efficiency and faithfulness on the 
school board of the city and the town of Middletown. On February 
11th, 1890, Judge Robinson became a Judge of the Superior Court 
and still holds that high and distinguished office. 

In politics Judge Robinson is a Republican and has never 
changed in his allegiance to his party. For relaxation from profes- 
sional and official cares he prefers out-of-door life to club or fra- 
2 23 



24 SILAS ARNOLD ROBINSON. 

ternal interests and he is not connected with any Masonic or fraternal 
order. He is an enthusiastic devotee of walking, bicycling, and trout 
fishing. His family consists of a wife and three children, though 
four have been bom to him. Mrs. Eobinson was Fannie E. Norton 
of Otis, Massachusetts, and the date of their marriage was June 13, 
1866. 

Judge Eobinson is a man of keen sagacity and broad capability 
in his professional work. In personal habit and manner he is direct, 
modest, and a man of simple tastes. He gives his time and ability 
to his work with the singleness of purpose and interest that always 
wins success and high place. 



GEOEGE WAKEMAN WHEELER 

WHEELEE, GEORGE WAKEMAN, of Bridgeport, as- 
sociate judge of the Superior Court, comes of a family 
of judges. Stephen Wheeler of Easton was a judge of the 
County Court. His son, Charles, held various public oflBces, including 
that of representative from his town in the lower House of the 
General Assembly. George W. Wheeler, son of Charles, was graduated 
at Amherst College in the class of 1856. In 1857 he went to Woodville, 
Mississippi, where he was principal of a large school. Eetuming 
Forth in 1868, he located in Hackensack, N. J., and while residing 
there was appointed judge of the Court of Common Pleas. His wife 
was Miss Lucy Dowie, daughter of Henry Dowie of Andes, New 
York. They had two children. 

George Wakeman Wheeler, the elder of these two children, was 
bom in Woodville, Mississippi, December 1st, 1860, and he spent 
his early life in that State, during the stirring days of the Civil War, 
coming North in 1865. When the family returned North, he studied 
at home, in the schools of Hackensack also, graduating from Hacken- 
sack Academy in 1876. Then he went to Williston Seminary, where, 
after one year, he received his diploma with the class of ^77. 

Immediately thereafter, choosing law for his profession, he began 
his studies in the office of Garret Ackerson, Jr., a prominent lawyer 
of Hackensack. Mr. Wheeler entered Yale University in the class of 
1881 and obtained his degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1883. 

Bridgeport offering a good field he opened an office there, and, 
in partnership with Howard J. Curtis, under the firm name of 
Wheeler & Curtis, entered upon a lucrative practice. Mr. Wheeler 
was employed in several notable cases which he conducted in a way to 
win high commendation. 

In July, 1890, he was appointed city attorney of Bridgeport, an 
office which he held for two years. The partnership of Wheeler & 
Curtis continued until 1893, when Mr. Curtis was made judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas and Mr. Wheeler was appointed by Governor 

25 



26 GEORGE WAKEMAN" WHEELER. 

Luzon B. Morris to be associate judge of the Superior Court. While 
he was the youngest man ever selected for the bench in this State, 
the appointment elicited many favorable comments from the Bar and 
the press, and the judgment of the Democratic Governor has been ap- 
proved by Eepublican successors and confirmed by the judge's record. 

Judge Wheeler was a vigorous Democrat and as an efficient 
manager his services were of great value to his party, but on his acces- 
sion to the bench he ceased from political activity. He is a profound 
student, going carefully into the details of every case tried before him 
and devoting most of the time he has for himself to reading of wide 
range, but generally historical. 

On July 5th, 1894, Mr. Wheeler married Miss Agnes L. Moey, of 
New York City, a daughter of Charles and Helen M. Moey. Two 
children of this marriage are living, Helen Lucy, born January 2 2d, 
1899, and George Moey, born December 20th, 1901. He retains his 
residence in Bridgeport, where he is a member of the leading clubs 
and where he enjoys the companionship of a wide circle of friends. 




Wiilim/C'^Cc^ 



WILLIAM SCOVILLE CASE 

CASE, WILLIAM SCOVILLE, lawyer, Judge of the Superior 
Court, scholar, and author, of Hartford, Connecticut, was 
bom in Tariffville, Hartford County, Connecticut, June 27th, 
1863. His first ancestor in America was John Case, who came to 
New England in the seventeenth century and was constable, deputy 
to the General Court, and in many other ways an influential Colonial 
settler. Dr. Jarvis Case, the Judge's grandfather, was a most able 
and successful physician who was at one time state senator. Judge 
Case's parents were William Cullen and Margaret TumbuU Case, 
and his father is well known as a successful criminal lawyer, as a 
powerful speaker, an industrious worker, and a thorough scholar, as 
well as for his capable occupancy of the Speaker's chair in the House 
of Eepresentatives. 

Until the time for his college preparation came, William S. Case 
spent his boyhood in the little village of Tariffville. He then en- 
tered Hopkins' G-rammar School in New Haven and in due time 
matriculated at Yale University. He was graduated from Yale in 
1885 with the degree of B.A. after a course pursued with great credit 
and marked with many social and scholarly honors. He was made a 
member of the Senior secret society of Scroll and Key and of the Psi 
Upsilon fraternity. As soon as he left college he entered his father's 
law office, for he had determined to follow his footsteps in the legal 
profession and with characteristic promptness lost no time in so 
doing. He was admitted to the Hartford County Bar in 1887 and 
began his successful and distinguished legal practice. 

Public recognition of his capability came to William S. Case as 
soon as he was fairly laimched upon his professional career, and the 
Eepublican party was quick to appreciate his loyalty and integrity as 
one of their members. In the State legislative sessions of 1887 and 
1889 he was clerk of bills. In October, 1893, he was appointed law 
clerk at the United States Patent Office and he held this office until 
April, 1893. In July, 1897, he was appointed judge of the Hartford 

29 



30 WILLIAM SCOVILLE CASE 

Court of Common Pleas, which office he held until October, 1901, 
when he received his present responsible office of judge of the Superior 
Court. 

Like his father, Judge Case is a scholar as well as a lawyer, and 
he possesses marked literary talent. He is the author of a novel, 
" Forward House," published by Scribner in 1895, and of the short 
history of Granby, Connecticut, incorporated in the " Memorial His- 
tory of Hartford County." In addition to the college societies men- 
tioned above Judge Case is a member of the Graduates' Club of New 
Haven and of the Thames Club of New London. His home is at 63 
Highland Street, Hartford. Mrs. Case was Elizabeth Nichols, 
daughter of Nathan Nichols of Salem, Massachusetts. They were 
married April 3d, 1891, and have two children. 



JOEL HENRY REED 

REED, JOEL HENRY, attorney-at-law and Judge of the Supe- 
rior Court, was born in Eastford, Windham County, Con- 
necticut, January 10th, 1850, the son of Levi Reed and 
Pamelia Allen Reed. His father was a currier and farmer, a man 
of great industry, frugality, and honesty, and his mother was a woman 
of such moral and mental strength and spiritual depth that hers was 
one of the strongest influences for good ever exerted upon his life. 
The family is descended from Thomas Reed, who came from Col- 
chester, Essex County, England, about 1654, and settled in Sudbury, 
Massachusetts. Nathaniel Reed, great-grandson of Thomas Reed, bom 
in 1702, settled in Warren, Massachusetts, where the subsequent an- 
cestors were born. Major Reuben Reed, Joel Reed's great-grandfather, 
was an officer in the Revolutionary Army and a large land owner of 
Warren, Massachusetts. 

As a boy Judge Reed was slender and frail, but he was filled with 
purpose and ambition and, as he was brought up on a farm, he had 
plenty of hard work of all kinds to do in his early youth. He was 
obliged to shift for himself in obtaining an education and it was 
earned under many difficulties. He attended the public and high 
schools of his native town and later took a course at Monson Academy, 
Monson, Massachusetts, where he graduated in 1871. As soon as he 
left school he began the study of law in the office of the late Hon. 
Dwight Marcy of Rockville, Connecticut, where he remained three 
years, at the end of which he was admitted to the Bar (in 1874), 
and began immediately to practice law at Stafford Springs, Con- 
necticut. In the mean time, in 1872, the year following his gradua- 
tion from school, he married Lydia E. Willis, by whom he has had 
three children. 

After four years practice at Stafford Springs, Judge Reed opened 
a law office in Colchester, Connecticut, which he maintained until 
1885, when he returned to Stafford Springs, where he has remained 
ever since. From 1893 to 1904 he was State's Attorney for Tolland 

31 



32 JOEL HENRY REED. 

County, in 1893 and 1894 he was County Health Officer, and in 1904 
he became Judge of the Superior Court. He has been counsel for the 
towns of Stafford, Union, and Willington for many years, he has 
served long terms on the School Committee and been director and 
counsel for the Stafford Savings Bank. In politics he has always 
been a constant Republican, and from 1901 to 1903 represented 
Stafford in the State Legislature, during which time he served on 
the judiciary committee. 

A modest man, of simple tastes. Judge Reed finds his greatest 
amusement in his law books and general reading, for which he has 
had a life-long fondness. He has always found great pleasure and 
help in the study of history. His favorite exercise is in riding and 
walking. He is a member of the Stafford Springs Methodist Epis- 
copal Church and of Wanseon Lodge, No. 32, I. 0. 0. F. As a 
lawyer he is thorough and capable, and his natural legal bent combines 
with persuasive eloquence in bringing him to the front in his profes- 
sion. Of the success of his career he says, "Of course I have not 
accomplished all I had hoped to do in life, but I feel that in a large 
measure my career, under God, has been a success. Wherein I have 
failed has been in not living up to my own ideals. From my own 
experience I would say, ' Strive to he rather than to seem to he.' It 
is better to get a reputation by faithful, efficient, honest service and 
trust to time for results than to seek sudden reputation for smart- 
ness." 



RALPH WHEELER 

WHEELEE, EALPH, of New London, associate Judge of the 
Superior Court, was bom in Stonington, May 14th, 1843. 
His ancestors settled in that town, among the first-comers, 
in 1654. The family line included many who were prominent in the 
history of the colony. He is a member of the Society of the Colonial 
Wars. His parents were Hiram W. and Mary B. Wheeler. 

He prepared himself for college, while at home upon his father's 
farm, entered Yale College at the age of seventeen, and was graduated 
with the class of 1864. After graduation he pursued the study of law 
and in June, 1867, was admitted to the Bar of New London County. 
While his attention was devoted to his law practice, he was interested 
in public affairs and in politics. In 1868 he was elected a member 
of the Board of Education of New London and was for a number of 
years its secretary. In 1869 he was a member of the Court of Com- 
mon Council of the City. He was a member of the Democratic State 
Committee during the years when Charles R. Ingersoll of New Haven 
and Eichard D. Hubbard of Hartford were elected Governors. In 
1874 he was chosen State Senator from the old Seventh District. 
For several years he served as city attorney of New London and was 
mayor of the city in 1891-1893. 

His first appointment to the bench was made by Governor Luzon 
B. Morris in March, 1893, and he has held the position continuously 
ever since, having received a second appointment from Governor 
McLean. His present term expires in 1909. 

Judge Wheeler married Mrs. Helen M. Graves of Kennebunk, 
Me., daughter of Hale Stevens and Elizabeth (Hughes) Stevens, 
February 38th, 1884. 



3S 



EDWIN BAKER GAGER 

(^ AGEE, EDWIN BAKER, of Derby, Judge of the Superior 
"TT Court of Connecticut, was bom on August 30th, 1852, in the 
country town of Scotland, Windham County, Connecticut. 
He was the son of Lewis and Harriet (Jennings) Gager, and while 
from them he did not inherit rich estate, he received the far more 
precious heritage of a proud name and of honest New England cour- 
age and perseverance. 

Of his ancestors, William Gager of Suffolk, England, was one 
of Governor Winthrop's most intimate friends. He came to New 
England with the Governor in 1630, a surgeon of high repute, and 
was made a deacon of the Congregational Church in Charlestown, in 
which place he had settled. He lived but about a year after reaching 
America, death being caused by disease contracted on the voyage. His 
son John came to Saybrook with the younger Governor Winthrop 
and removed thence to New London, where he was a leading citizen 
for forty years. John's grandson, William, son of Samuel Gager, 
was graduated at Yale in 1721, and became pastor of the church in 
Lebanon. On his mother's side the judge is descended from Jonathan 
Jennings, an early settler of Norwich and one of the earliest residents 
of the town of Windham. 

Up to the age of seventeen, the Judge had the experience which 
so many of the State's best citizens have had and which, with all its 
severity, we might conclude from their record is exceedingly bene- 
ficial, — a boy's life of drudgery on the farm. However, he clung to 
his books and got what schooling he could in the winter time. His 
mother contributed much to his intellectual and moral upbuilding. 
With the little money he could get teaching school, in Hampton and 
Abington, he plodded on till in 1872 he had graduated from the 
Natchaug High School in Willimantic. College was before him and 
he felt that he must have it, but, res augusta domi, he must make his 
own way. So, in order to get a fair start, he taught for a year in 
East Hampton, Connecticut, and entering Yale in 1873, was gradu- 

84 



EDWIN BAKER GAGEE. 37 

ated therefrom in 1877. The qualities developed in his early youth 
proved of material advantage to him in his academic course. He was 
a Courant editor, a Townsend speaker, and class orator. During his 
college course he taught school two terms. 

Obtaining the position of principal of the public schools of 
Ansonia immediately on graduation, he gave all his spare time, first 
to a post-graduate course in history and then to the study of law 
under the direction of Judge David Torrance, then of the law firm of 
Wooster & Torrance. In July, 1881, he formally entered their office 
and was admitted to the bar the following October. In January, 
1883, he became a partner, under the firm name of Wooster, Torrance 
& Gager. Three years later, when David Torrance w£is appointed 
Judge of the Superior Court, when William H. Williams, now State's 
Attorney for New Haven County, was admitted to partnership, on 
April 1st, 1885, the title of the firm became Wooster, Williams & 
Gager, thus continuing till Colonel Wooster's death in the fall of 
1900, when the firm name became Williams & Gager. 

It was in 1885, October 15th, that Judge Gager married Nellie 
A. Cotter, daughter of Samuel A. Cotter of Ansonia, and four years 
later their home was established at No. 49 Atwater Avenue, Derby. 
Four children were born to them, all of whom are living. They are 
Edwin B., Jr., William W., Charles C, and Harriet H. 

Thus following his natural preferences and profiting by the in- 
fluence and example of strong men, he had gained for himself a place 
in the world, when in 1889 he was appointed by the Legislature judge 
of the town court of Derby, a position which he held till 1895. In 
1890 he was appointed a member of the newly formed State Bar Ex- 
amining Committee, and has served in that honorable capacity ever 
since. His appointment to the Superior Court bench came in 1901, 
and the year following he was selected as a member of the State 
Library Committee. Meantime he had been called upon to fill the 
positions of president of the Derby Public Library and director of the 
Home Trust Company, the Housatonic Water Power Company, the 
Fountain Water Company, and the Derby Street Eailway Company. 
Also he was chosen three years' lecturer on jurisprudence in the 
academic department of Yale University, instructor in the Yale Law 
School in 1893, and professor of general jurisprudence in that in- 
stitution in 1903. 



3g EDWIN BAKER GAGER. 

In politics he is a Republican and in religion a Congregationalist. 
With his multifarions duties, he still finds time for wide reading and 
philosophical research. He is in demand as a speaker on important 
occasions, and his court opinions bear testimony to the simplicity and 
power of his English. 



MILTON ADELBERT SHUMWAY 

SHUMWAY, MILTON ADELBEKT, of Killingly, Associate 
Judge of the Superior Court since 1893, chose his profession 
early in life and by his aptitude for it and the persistence 
with which he followed it won his present high position. He was 
bom in Killingly, Windliam County, August 30th, 1848, the son of 
Noah and Elizabeth (Stiness) Shumway, both members of highly 
respected families. After attending the public schools of his native 
town he rounded out his preparatory course at Phillips Academy, 
Exeter, New Hampshire, where he was graduated in 1869. 

He entered Harvard College in the fall of that year, but left in 
his sophomore year, 1871, and began to study law in the office of Judge 
Albert Mason, who was afterwards chief justice of the Massachusetts 
Court. In the summer of the following year he returned to Daniel- 
son, which is in the town of Killingly, where he continued his studies 
with Judge Earl Martin and was admitted to the Bar of Windham 
County splendidly equipped for his work, in April, 1874. His equip- 
ment consisted not only of his knowledge of law based on a broad, 
general education, but also of a keenly analytical mind trained to 
careful judgment. His qualifications were abundantly recognized 
when he opened his office in Danielson. 

His increasing practice demanded all his attention, but he was 
ever an earnest advocate of good citizenship and was frequently in con- 
ference with the local leaders of the Democratic party. All that he 
could find time to do he was willing to do, being particularly active 
in campaign work, and when he was nominated for representative 
from Killingly, he was elected by a good majority, for the session of 
1886-7. His record in the House was so highly creditable that he 
was his party's choice for senator from his district in 1891 and was 
again victorious at the polls. That was the famous " deadlock " ses- 
sion and his counsel was often sought. At various times he was 
sent as delegate to the state conventions of his party, to choose candi- 

89 



40 MILTON ADELBEBT SHUMWAY. 

dates for state offices, and at the convention in 1888 he was chairman 
of the committee on resolutions. 

In the summer of 1893, Governor Luzon B. Morris appointed 
him Judge of the Superior Court, a position in which he has been 
continued, by Kepublican governors, ever since. His present term 
will not expire until 1910. From the earliest times men have been 
chosen for this high position absolutely on their merits, with the 
result that no court in the coimtry has a more worthy record. No 
man on the bench has given greater thought to the questions laid be- 
fore him and none has expressed himself more clearly and compre- 
hensively than has Judge Shumway in his decisions. 

Two years after he began his practice, on March 7th, 1876, he 
married Mary A. Woodward, daughter of Sylvanus Woodward. 
Judge Shumway for two years was Worshipful Master of Norwich 
Lodge, No. 15, Free and Accepted Masons, and has served as High 
Priest of Warren Chapter. 





r ^ -^ /-4L--"jr_,^ < 



HOWARD J. CURTIS 

CURTIS, HOWAED J., lawyer, judge of the Superior Court 
and former Judge of the Civil Court of Common Pleas for 
Fairfield County, Connecticut, was born in Stratford, Fair- 
field County, Connecticut, Jime 29th, 1857, the son of Freeman L. 
Curtis, a farmer, and Georgiana Howard Curtis. 

He traces his ancestry to John Curtis, son of the widow Eliza- 
beth Curtis, who, with her three sons, made one of the seventeen fam- 
ilies that settled Stratford in 1639. His boyhood was spent in Strat- 
ford under the advantages and disadvantages enjoyed by all boys 
who spend their impressionable years amid the activities of farm life 
in a thickly settled community, where companionship is abundant and 
where outdoor work and outdoor play are fairly combined. These 
circumstances tended to produce health of body and an optimistic 
spirit. In 1874 he entered the employ of the Housatonic Eailroad 
Company at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, as shipping clerk in the 
freight office and remained there one year, when he decided to take a 
college course. He returned to Stratford in the fall of 1875 and en- 
tered the preparatory school of Frederick Sedgwick. Here he en- 
joyed for two years the instruction of Mr. Sedgwick, a teacher of 
unique power and a personality of marked originality and force. In 
1877 Mr. Curtis entered Yale University and took his academic de- 
gree in 1881. He spent the next year at Chatham, Virginia, teaching 
and incidentally studying law. In the fall of 1882 he entered the 
senior class of the Yale Law School and received his degree of LL.B. 
in June, 1883. His choice of the profession of law was determined 
by his own preference and because " law looms large in the horizon of 
a country boy." 

After a short experience in reading law in the office of Amos L. 
Treat of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Mr. Curtis settled down to the prac- 
tice of law in Bridgeport, in 1883, with George W. Wheeler, now Judge 
of the Superior Court, under the firm name of Wheeler and Curtis. 
This partnership lasted ten years until, in 1893, Mr. Curtis became 

43 



44 HOWARD J, CURTIS. 

Judge of the Civil Court of Common Pleas for Fairfield County, 
which position he held until appointed Judge of the Superior Court 
by Governor Woodruff in January, 1907. In addition to his practice 
and his duties on the bench Judge Curi;is has been a member of the 
Stratford Board of Education and Public Library Board for many 
years and has been active in many town affairs. He is a member 
of the society's committee of the First Ecclesiastical Society of Strat- 
ford, which is Congregational in denomination. In politics he is a 
conservative Democrat. He is a member of the Seaside Club, the 
Contemporary Club, the University Club of Bridgeport, and the 
University Club of New York City. On Jime 5th, 1888, Judge 
Curtis married Ellen V. Talbot, by whom he has had three children, 
Howard Wheeler, bom July 9th, 1890, John Talbot, born August 
15th, 1900, and Violetta, bom December 30th, 1903, all of whom are 
aow living- 



WILLIAM LYON BENNETT 

BENNETT, WILLIAM LYON, Judge of the Superior Court 
and one of Connecticut's leading lawyers, is a resident of 
New Haven and was bom in that city on May 19th, 1848. 
His father was the late Thomas Bennett, an attomey-at-law, who 
was trial judge in the city of New Haven for many years before his 
death. Judge Bennett's grandfather was a lawyer in Charleston, 
South Carolina, which town had been the home of the family for two 
earlier generations. The judge's mother was Mary A. Hull Bennett. 

After completing the course at Eussell's Collegiate and Commer- 
cial Institute at New Haven, he entered Yale College, where he re- 
ceived his B. A. degree in 1869. He then entered the Yale Law 
School, where he spent two years studying for the legal profession and 
was graduated in 1871. He lost no time in commencing professional 
activity and as soon as he left law school he entered the law olBBce of 
Tilton E. Doolittle in New Haven. He engaged in the practice of law 
with constancy and great success until July, 1905, when he became a 
judge of the Court of Conmion Pleas for New Haven Coimty. In 
January, 1907, he was appointed to a still higher judicial office, that 
of a Superior Court Judge. 

Judge Bennett has been as active in club life and in athletics as 
in professional life. He is a prominent member of the Quimiipiae 
Club of New Haven and was formerly president of that club. In 
his younger days he was a devotee of all outdoor sports, baseball, 
tennis and golf, and more recently he has found keenest enjoyment in 
camping and fishing in the Canadian woods. Though his ideas in 
politics do not find full expression in the platform of either the Ee- 
publican or Democratic party, he is generally called a Democrat, even 

3 46 



46 



WILLIAM LYON BENNETT. 



though he is identified with neither party. His religious creed is 
that of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

He was married to Frances T. WeUes in 1878. His wife died in 
1888. Three children comprise Judge Bennett's family. His home 
is at 357 Elm Street, New Haven. 



'kji.^.^.J^U^ 



GEORGE SEYxMOUR GODARD 

GODARD, GEORGE SEYMOUR, State Librarian, president 
of the Connecticut Library Association and ex-president of the 
National Association of State Libraries, was born in Granby, 
Hartford County, Connecticut, June 17th, 1865, He is a descendant 
of Daniel Godard (or Gozzard) who came from England to Hartford 
previous to 1646 and Moses Godard who served in the Revolution. 
Mr. Godard is also descended from John Case, an early settler and 
first magistrate of Simsbury, William Spencer, an original settler of 
Hartford, and from Thomas Beach who came from England to Mil- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1646, from whom Mr, Godard's mother was di- 
rectly descended, Mr. Godard's parents were Harvy and Sabra 
Lavinia Beach Godard, His father, who was a farmer, was a member 
of the General Assembly and Master of the Connecticut State Grange, 
He was a man greatly admired for his integrity, his hospitality, and 
his temperate habits. 

Mathematics and mechanics were George Godard's chief interests 
as a boy, though he was too busy at work on his father's farm and in 
the grist and saw mills to have as much leisure for deep study as he 
desired. He prepared for college at Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, 
Massachusetts, completing the course in 1886 and then entered Wes- 
leyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, where he was graduated 
in 1892 with the degree of B,A, He spent two years in post graduate 
study at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, and in 1895 
took the degree of B,D, at Yale University. He then entered upon 
another year of post graduate work at Yale, but was called home by 
the death of his father and did not return. While at Wesleyan he 
was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and recently, in 
June, 1906, he was elected to honorary membership in the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society at Wesleyan, Mr. Godard taught school in Granby in 
1882 and 1883 and in 1893 was sergeant in the Columbian Guard at 
the World's Fair in Chicago, 

It was during his preparatory course at Wilbraham that Mr. 
Godard had his first experience in library work, but his real work in 

49 



60 GEORGE SEYMOUR GODARD. 

life may be said to have begun when he became librarian of Cossitt 
Library in Granby, Connecticut, when it was established in 1890. He 
held this position until 1898, when he became assistant librarian of 
the Connecticut State Library at Hartford. Upon the death of his 
predecessor. Dr. Charles J. Hoadly, in 1900, he became State Libra- 
rian of Connecticut. In 1904-05 he was president of the National 
Association of State Libraries and 1905 and 1906 president of the 
Connecticut Library Association. Under his supervision the State 
Library has been reorganized and equipped with a modem steel stack. 

Mr. Godard is a member of Washington Commandery, Knights 
Templar, Sphinx Temple, A. A. 0. U. M. S., St. Mark's Lodge, No. 
91, F. and A. M., Pythagoras Chapter No. 17, E. A. M., and Wolcott 
Council, No. 1, E. and S. M. He is also a member of the Acorn 
Club of Connecticut, the Connecticut Historical Society, and the Cen- 
ter Congregational Church, Hartford. Books and out-of-door life 
with his camera and his children are Mr. Godard's most enjoyable 
forms of recreation. His family consists of a wife, who was Miss 
Kate Estelle Dewey, whom he married on June 23d, 1897, and three 
children, George Dewey, Paul Beach, and Mary Katharine. 

Questioned as to ideals of citizenship and the best way of attain- 
ing success in life Mr. Godard replied : " Be true to yourself, putting 
yourself in the other fellow's place as far as possible. Once well done, 
twice done. We do not need more voters, but we do need better voters. 
Always do your best." 



t^f*»^ 



GEORGE L. CHASE 

CHASE, GEOEGE L., is president of Hartford's oldest insur- 
ance company, The Hartford Fire Insurance Company, and 
in length of service, though not in age, is the senior of all 
the insurance presidents of the United States. The " Hartford Fire," 
in addition, is known everywhere as one of the most substantial insti- 
tutions in the country, and Mr. Chase, in addition, is one of the most 
stalwart, alert, valuable citizens of Connecticut. 

The Hon. Salmon P. Chase of Ohio, late chief justice, was 
among those men whose names are revered by their countrymen and 
the record of whose deeds will be preserved through future genera- 
tions. Thomas Chase of Hundrich, Parish of Chesham, England, 
was a conspicuous man in the sixteenth century, as was likewise his 
son Kichard and in turn his son Aquila, Sr., of Cornwall — or of 
Chesham, some of the writers say. These were the ancestors of Chief 
Justice Ch£ise and of President Chase, men of hardy endurance, of 
strong will and of great intellectual power. 

Aquila's son, Aquila Chase, Jr., who was born in 1618, emigrated 
to America, and in 1639 or 1640 his name appears as among the earliest 
settlers of Hampden, Massachusetts. In 1646 he removed to New- 
bury, Massachusetts, and was one of the first residents of that town. 
His wife was Anne, daughter of John Wheeler of Salisbury, Eng- 
land. His death occurred in 1670. 

President Chase is descended from the progenitor of the family 
in America through Moses, Daniel, Daniel (2), Paul, Joshua, and 
Paul Cushing Chase. Paul Gushing Chase, who was bom March 7, 
1790, married Sarah Pierce, daughter of Aaron and Hannah Pierce, 
on December 19th, 1819. President George L. Chase was born in 
Millbury, Worcester County, Massachusetts, January 13th, 1828. 

One sometimes hears that good underwriters are "born, not 
made." It might almost be said that President Chase literally was 
bom an underwriter, for his propensity developed the moment he was 
through school, and there may be ground for the suspicion that he 

53 



54 GEORGE L. CHASE. 

hurried his schooling in order to get into the calling in which he was 
destined to place his name so high. He was nineteen years of age 
when he left the Milbury Academy and began to place fire risks. Be 
it said, however, that that industry which marks the afternoon of his 
life must have been present in the early dawn, for he got from the 
academy and from his home studies an education which left little room 
for regret over loss of a collegiate course. In English he was an 
especially apt pupil, and presumably it was at the academy that he 
acquired that ease of diction and mastery of expression which char- 
acterize his writings. 

Now the life of a fire insurance agent in 1840 was not much like 
what it is today. There were no Pullman cars, trolley cars or auto- 
mobiles to get around the country in, and no big company cash box 
to make expenses good. Indeed, one might almost say there were no 
roads for any vehicle to traverse in a large part of the country under 
Mr. Chase's care. The company was the old Farmers' Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, with its home office at Georgetown, Massachu- 
setts, and Mr. Chase's territory was southern Massachusetts and 
eastern Connecticut — about as rugged a section, even today, as New 
England can boast. And it has turned out its full proportion of 
rugged men, too. 

Mr. Chase had to make no experiments to find his " calling " ; 
fire insurance literally had called him and he had answered with such 
earnestness that in a short time he was a director in the Farmers' 
Mutual and was easily recognized as a young man with a future. 
Zeal and ambition, with integrity and perseverance, told vrith those 
companies even as they do today with the company of which Mr. Chase 
is the executive head. His agency assumed proportions rapidly, till 
it included four mutual companies. And one of those companies, the 
Holyoke Mutual of Salem, Massachusetts, is still in existence today 
and doing a good business. 

Mr. Chase's qualifications having been remarked by the People's 
Insurance Company of Worcester, Massachusetts, he was offered and 
accepted the responsible position of traveling agent in 1848, at the 
age of twenty. Success rewarded his energy and early promotion 
would have been his had he not had his attention attracted for four 
years to the railroad business, then in its infancy. In 1852 he re- 
moved to Ohio, where he had accepted the position of assistant super- 



GEORGE L. CHASE. 66 

intendent of the Central Ohio Eailroad Company. Surro\mded by 
men of enterprise looking for merit, his own enterprise pushed him 
to the front and after a short period he was made general superin- 
tendent. He was one of the organizers of the first association of rail- 
road superintendents in the United States, at a meeting held in 
Columbus, Ohio, in 1853. 

But Mr. Chase was not to be lost to fire insurance. In the year 
1860 he accepted an appointment to the position of Western General 
Agent for the New England Fire Insurance Company of Hartford, 
discharging his duties with a fidelity which greatly increased the 
company's business till the year 1863. That was the year he became 
connected with the company of which he now is president. Appointed 
Assistant Western General Agent of the Hartford Fire Insurance 
Company in 1863, he promptly demonstrated not only a splendid 
training, but natural ability, a talent, an originality that amounted 
to genius, and the eyes of the directors and executive ofificers at the 
home office in Hartford, always on the lookout for the right kind of 
men, were soon upon him. Each year fulfilled the abundant promise 
of its predecessor till in 1867, four years after he had come with the 
company, and when not yet forty years of age, he was offered the 
position of president, to succeed the late Timothy C. All)^!. In June 
he accepted, and today, with zeal undiminished, can look back upon a 
record, as already said, equaled in years by no insurance president 
and surpassed by none in management, as the companjr's increasing 
prosperity testifies. The company was organized in 1810, with a 
capital of $150,000.00; today it has a capital of $1,250,000.00, assets 
of $18,061,926.00, reinsurance reserve of over $10,000,000.00 and pol- 
icy-holders' surplus of $6,500,000.00. 

There have been only five presidents of the company and the 
term of none has been as long as the present incumbent's. In 1869 the 
magnificent granite home office building was built at the comer of 
Pearl and Trumbull Streets, the company having outgrown its quar- 
ters on Main Street. In 1897, the business having increased five-fold, 
the building was enlarged to its present proportions — one of the 
most complete and finest office buildings in New England. President 
Chase was the first to introduce the use of the telephone in Hartford 
business offices, and the first to employ stenographers and typewriters. 

President Chase was elected president of the National Board 



66 GEORGE L. CHASE, 

of Fire Underwriters in 1876, and ever since then has served as chair- 
man of the Committee on Legislation and Taxation, the most import- 
ant committee of the organization. He is also a trustee and vice- 
president of the Society for Savings, Connecticut's largest savings 
bank ; a trustee of the Connecticut Trust and Safe Deposit Company, 
and a director of the American National Bank. Always progressive, 
he is full of public spirit and civic pride and shows deep interest in 
local affairs as a member of the Board of Trade. 

The esteem in which President Chase is held by his associates and 
fellow workers has evinced itself on many occasions. On the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of his becoming president, in 1893, the evidence 
took the form of a silver loving cup. In 1898, the general and spe- 
cial agents gave him a Jurgensen watch. 

President Chase had three children by his first wife, Calista M. 
Taft, daughter of Judson Taft. Of these children only one survives, 
Charles E. Chase, who is first vice-president of the Hartford Fire In- 
surance Company. 

An active, earnest member of the Congregational Church, Presi- 
dent Chase attends the Asylum Hill Congregational Church. Five 
times he has been called upon to serve as president of the Connecticut 
Congregational Club. 



JOHN HOWARD WHITTEMORE 

WHITTEMOEE, JOHN HOWARD, former president of the 
Naugatuck Malleable Iron Company and a man of wide- 
spread business interests, not only in the development of 
the iron industry, but in real estate, railroads, and banking, was born 
in Southbury, New Haven County, Connecticut, October 3d, 1837. 
He is descended from Thomas and Mary Whittemore of Hitchens, 
Hereford Count}% England, whose son was baptized January 6th, 1593, 
and came to New England and settled in Maiden, Massachusetts. Mr. 
Whittemore's father, William Howe Whittemore, was a Congregational 
clergyman and graduate of Yale Divinity School, and who married 
Maria Clark, by whom he had four children, of whom Mr. Whittemore 
was the youngest son. 

John Howard Whittemore spent his youth in the country 
until 1851, when he went to New Haven and took a three years' 
course at General Eussell's School. After a short experience as 
clerk with Shepard & Morgan in New York City, he returned to New 
Haven and his services were soon sought by Mr. Tuttle of Naugatuck 
to straighten out the books of his firm, for he was then contemplating 
retirement from business. With B. B. Tuttle, Mr. Tuttle's son, Mr. 
Whittemore soon formed the partnership of Tuttle & Whittemore, for 
the development of the malleable iron industry. This business grew 
to large proportions, and about twenty years ago was reorganized and 
formed into a joint stock company called the Naugatuck Malleable 
Iron Company, and of this successful and extensive company Mr. 
Whittemore was the head and president until succeeded by his son 
Harris upon his own recent retirement from active management of the 
business. Mr. Whittemore has also had interests in the iron busi- 
ness in other cities of the east, and in Cleveland, Chicago, and 
Milwaukee, and his industrial interests have been equalled by his 
interest in real estate in the west and east as well. He is a director in 
the New York, New Haven & Hartford Eailroad, and in many other 
corporations, and he is first vice-president of the Colonial Trust Com- 

57 



68 JOHN HOWAKD WHITTEMOKE. 

pany of Waterbury. He has avoided all political honors, though he is 
a consistent Eepublican, and has held no public oflBces except to go as 
delegate to the recent Constitutional Convention. 

Of late years Mr. Whittemore has devoted his time, his ability, 
and his fortune to the improvement of public welfare and institutions 
in Naugatuck, the town which owes so much of its attractiveness and 
prosperity and so many of its public buildings to his beneficence. He 
was one of the promoters of Laurel Beach, a most successful summer 
resort; he gave to the town the handsome and well-equipped new 
Naugatuck High School, the well-filled Howard Whittemore Memorial 
Library, in memory of his late son Howard, and he built a splendid 
stone wall around the Hillside Cemetery. He also built the Music 
Temple in Waterbury, a generous gift for the advancement of musical 
taste in that town. 

Mr. Whittemore is a modest and retiring man of simple, artistic 
tastes and home-loving disposition. In business he is as strictly honor- 
able as he is highly capable. He is a lover and collector of the best 
examples of literature and art, and owns a superb collection of Whis- 
tler's paintings. He is a self-made man who has used his gifts and his 
fortune unselfishly. In June, 1863, he married Julia Spencer. Six 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Whittemore, of whom two, a son 
and a daughter, are now living. 



CHARLES FREDERICK BROOKER 

BEOOKER, CHAELES FEEDEEICK, of Ansonia, president 
of the American Brass Company, vice-president of the board 
of directors of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Eail- 
road Company, and director in about fifty smaller companies affiliated 
with one or the other of these, is one of the leaders of industry in 
Connecticut, and, indeed, in the country. 

He is descended from an old English family, represented in 
Guilford, Connecticut, in 1695, by John Brooker. Two generations 
later, Abraham Brooker, Jr., moved to Wolcottville, which is now 
Torrington, in the Naugatuck Valley, and there Charles Frederick 
Brooker was bom, March 4th, 1847. Ever since he left school he has 
been identified with the brass manufacturing business. In 1864 he 
became bookkeeper for the Coe Brass Company of Torrington, and he 
proved so useful there that in 1870 he was made the secretary. The 
great success of the brass industry in the Naugatuck Valley is a story 
of surpassing interest, and Mr. Brooker has played a very large part 
in its vast development. His uncle, Hon. Lyman W. Coe, devoted his 
life to building up the Coe Brass Company, and at his death, in 1893, 
Mr. Brooker succeeded him in the presidency, stepping naturally into 
a position whose duties and responsibilities had largely fallen upon 
him during Mr. Coe's later years. 

In February, 1900, the five great brass concerns of the Valley 
were consolidated in the American Brass Company, capital $12,500,- 
000, which now includes the Coe Brass Company, with works in Tor- 
rington and Ansonia; the Ansonia Brass & Copper Company, at An- 
sonia; the Waterbury Brass Company, the Holmes, Booth & Haydens 
Company, and the Benedict & Bumham Company, all three of Water- 
bury, and the Chicago Brass Company. These constitute an organi- 
zation against which one never hears complaint. It has no strikes 
among its employees and its customers appreciate its conservative in- 
fluence in keeping the price of its products at reasonable figures with 

59 



60 CHARLES rEEDERICK BEOOKER. 

the least possible fluctuations. In his position as its president Mr. 
Brooker is the largest purchaser and consumer of copper in the world. 

In Ansonia Mr, Brooker is director and vice-president of the 
Ansonia National Bank, incorporator of the Ansonia Savings Bank, 
president of the Ansonia Land & Water Power Company, and director 
of the Derby Gas Company, In Torrington, his former home, he is 
president and director of the Torrington Savings Bank, and director 
of the Torrington Water Company, the Brooks National Bank, and 
the Turner & Seymour Manufacturing Company; in Waterbury he 
is director of the Colonial Trust Company, and in New Haven of the 
Second National Bank of that city. The list of the railroad, trolley. 
and steamboat companies of which he is a director through his con- 
nection with the New York, New Haven & Hartford Kailroad Com- 
pany, is too long to print, but it goes to show the large place he fills in 
the aifairs of that great company, of whose most important committees 
he is an influential member. 

Busy as he is with all these material concerns, Mr, Brooker main- 
tains a lively interest in social and political affairs, and is equally 
influential there. He has served in each branch of the Connecticut 
General Assembly (House in 1875 and Senate in 1893), has been a 
member of the Eepublican State Central Committee, and is now, and 
since 1900 has been a member of the Eepublican National Committee; 
in 1904 he was a member of its executive committee. He is a member 
of the executive committee of the Union League Club of New York, 
trustee of the New England Society of New York, and member of im- 
portant committees of the New York Chamber of Commerce, and is a 
member of the New York Yacht Club, Engineers' Club, Transporta- 
tion Club, and Lawyers' Club, He is a man of large executive ability, 
with a natural gift for organization, and a wise judgment in selecting 
capable associates ; and he possesses those choice personal qualities that 
bind his associates to him in affectionate loyalty. He is of social and 
companionable disposition and has a wide circle of friends all over 
the country. 

Mr, Brooker married Mrs, Julia E, Clarke Farrel of Ansonia in 
London, October 30th, 1894, and their home is in Ansonia, 




/j^^p-m^e^ (-^fri^Ji^A<j^ 




JAMES NICHOLS 

NICHOLS, JAMES, president of the National Fire Insurance 
Company of Hartford, is a descendant of Sergeant Francis 
Nichols, who came of a prominent English family and was 
one of the leading men of Stratford, Connecticut, in 1639. His son, 
Isaac, was a large land-owner and four times was chosen to the General 
Court. His wife was the daughter of Theophilus Sherman of Wethers- 
field. In the early part of the last century. Captain James Nichols 
was one of the most prominent farmers and cattle dealers in Newtown, 
and his son, Isaac, who for a time was in business in Bridgeport, 
also was a large proprietor. Both were Whigs and Episcopalians and 
men of great force and high character. 

James Nichols, son of Isaac and of Betsey Piatt, his wife, was 
born in Easton on December 24th, 1830. His early days on his 
father's farm developed his naturally strong physique, and gave him 
good preparation for the life ahead of him. His mother died when he 
was about three years old. Obtaining what education he could from 
the common schools of his native town, the young man became imbued 
with the desire to become a lawyer. To that end he studied law 
every odd moment he could get, nights, Sundays and all other times, 
while teaching school winters and farming in the summer. Com- 
pleting his studies in the office of the late Amos S. Treat, he finally 
gained his right to practice by being admitted to the bar in Danbury, 
Fairfield County, in 1854. He opened an office in Thompsonville, 
town of Enfield, but had not been there long before he was called to 
Hartford to take the position of assistant clerk of the Hartford County 
Superior Court. 

In 1861, when only thirty-one years of age, he was elected judge 
of probate for the Hartford district, which included Hartford, 
Windsor Locks, East Hartford, and Glastonbury. His ad- 
ministration won him the commendation of both parties and 
he was elected for a second term which ended in 1864. In 1867 
he accepted appointment as adjuster and special agent of Merchants' 

63 



64 JAMES NICHOLS. 

Insurance Company of Hartford, a company in which his exceptional 
ability won him rapid advancement. At the time of the Chicago fire, 
in 1871, he was secretary of the company. The losses by that confla- 
gration were so severe that the Merchants' surrendered its charter. 
That same year the National Fire Insurance Company was organized 
in Hartford and Judge Nichols was chosen its secretary. Mark 
Howard was president. On Mr. Howard's death in 1887, Mr. Nichols 
succeeded to the presidency, his present position. The company has de- 
veloped with the conservatism which characterizes Judge Nichols, un- 
til today it is one of the foremost in America; its strength was 
splendidly attested by the way it met its losses after the San Fran- 
cisco earthquake and conflagration in April, 1906. Its capital is 
$1,000,000.00. Its ledger assets, by the last annual report of the in- 
surance department, December 31st, 1905, were $6,246,025.00, its 
gross assets $7,304,958.00, and its surplus as regards policy holders, 
$3,314,305.00. Its home office building on Pearl street is one of the 
handsomest structures in New England. 

President Nichols is also president of the Mechanics' and Traders' 
Fire Insurance Company of New Orleans, vice-president of the Frank- 
lin Fire Insurance Company of Wheeling, West Virginia, vice-presi- 
dent of the Charter Oak National Bank of Hartford, a director in the 
Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company, a trustee in the Society for 
Savings of Hartford, and a director of the Pratt & Cady Company. 

He has served as representative of his ward in the Hartford Court 
of Common Council and he is a member of St. John's Lodge, F. & A. 
M. In politics he is a Eepublican and in religion a Congregationalist, 
a member of the Asylum Avenue Congregational Church of Hartford. 
For health and relaxation he plays golf and is a member of the Hart- 
ford Golf Club. He also belongs to the Hartford Club, the Country 
Club of Farmington, and the Connecticut Congregational Club. 

He married Miss Isabelle M. Starkweather, daughter of Nathan 
and Cynthia Starkweather, on July 9th, 1861. They had three chil- 
dren, of whom one is living, the wife of Harry A. Smith, assistant 
secretary of the National Fire Insurance Company. President Nichols' 
residence is at No. 639 Prospect avenue, Hartford. 



MEIGS HAYWOOD WHAPLES 

WHAPLES, MEIGS HAYWOOD, of Hartford, has special 
reason — when we all gladly accord general reason — to 
cherish the memory of the love-making of John and Pris- 
cilla Alden and of the war-making of the men of '76, of whom the 
Meigs brothers were among the bravest. 

Early, fearless settlers from England brought the name of Meigs 
to America. In each generation the members of the family were 
thrifty, earnest citizens, but perhaps the greatest test of their mettle 
came on the day of the Lexington alarm in 1775. At that time the 
branch of the family in which we are interested was living in Middle- 
town, Connecticut. Eeturn Jonathan, one of the sons, hurried at once 
to Eoxbury to participate in the siege of Boston as major in Connecti- 
cut's Second Eegiment under the first call for troops. In Major Bene- 
dict Arnold's Quebec expedition, in 1775, he was in command of the 
Second Division, doomed to spend the winter as a prisoner of war in 
Quebec. Having been paroled, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of 
"Colonel Shelburne's Eegiment" (Ehode Island and Connecticut 
men), in 1777, and the same year was promoted to the command of the 
Sixth Eegiment of the " Connecticut Line." He conducted the Sag 
Harbor expedition, for his success in wliich Congress awarded him the 
sword now to be seen in the Peale portrait of him, a valued heirloom 
in the possession of Mr. Whaples' mother. When Washington selected 
the troops for " Mad " Anthony Wayne's dash on Stony Point, in 1779, 
Colonel Meigs was detailed to command the picked body known as 
" Meigs' Light Eegiment." In 1781 he was offered, but declined, the 
position of brigadier-general of state troops. After the war he 
was the first provisional governor of Ohio. His son became post- 
master-general. 

John Meigs, the oldest of the four brothers, was adjutant in 
" Colonel Webb's Eegiment " and later in the Third Connecticut Line. 
He was captured during the Long Island expedition, in 1777. In the 
War of 1812 he was brigade major in the regular army. And, speaking 

65 



JONATHAN B. BUNCE 

SINCE the days when Thomas Bunce, the Puritan, worked with 
Hooker and Ludlow and their companions in founding the city 
of Hartford and securing civil liberty under the world's first 
written constitution, the family name has been honored by men prom- 
inent in the affairs of city and state by reason of their integrity, their 
zeal, and their general sturdy worth. Jonathan B. Bunce, born April 
4th, 1832, in Hartford, was the son of James M. Bunce, a commission 
merchant and president of the Hartford, Providence & Fishkill Eail- 
road Company, a grandson of Deacon Eussell Bunce. 

After attending the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale for a year 
and a half, Mr. Bunce withdrew and interested himself in his father's 
mercantile business. At the age of twenty-two he went to New York, 
where the very successful firm of Dibble & Bunce, commission mer- 
chants, was formed and was continued until the death of Mr. Bunco's 
father, in 1859, caused him to return to Hartford to look after his 
father's interests in the firm of J. M. Bunce and Company, Drayton 
Hillyer being the partner. For fifteen years the firm continued most 
prosperously, at the end of which time Mr. Bunce accepted the vice- 
presidency of the Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company of Hart- 
ford. In 1889 he was advanced to the presidency, which position he 
held through years of remarkable growth and enterprise on the part 
of the company, resigning as president in 1904, but continuing as pres- 
ident of the board of directors and chairman of the finance committee, 
he at that time having been chosen president of the Society for Sav- 
ings, the largest institution of its kind in the state. 

In addition, Mr. Bunce has been called upon to fill many places 
of responsibility. Early in the Civil War, while his brother, the late 
Eear-Admiral Francis M. Bunce, was serving in the navy, he was 
appointed quartermaster-general on the staff of Governor Buckingham, 
to fill out an unexpired term. In the business world he has been 
closely connected with the American School for the Deaf at Hartford, 
the Hartford Ketreat for the Insane, and the Hartford Hospital, and 

68 



fid 

JONATHAN B. BUNCE. "* 

is a director in several institutions, including the Hartford Fire In- 
surance Company, the Connecticut Trust and Safe Deposit Company, 
and the Phoenix National Bank. He is a Eepublican in politics, and 
is a member of the Farmington Avenue Congregational Church, of 
which he was one of the incorporators. His wife, whom he married 
on May 9th, 1860, was Laura Biddle, daughter of Calvin B. Biddle, 
of Granby. Three sons and three daughters are living. 



HORACE JOHN WICKHAM 

W[CKHAM, HORACE JOHN", inventor, mechanician and 
industrial manager and one of the most prominent and 
best known citizens of Hartford, Connecticut, who lias a 
national reputation for his skillful labor saving inventions, the most 
important of which are those used by the Government in the manufac- 
ture of stamped envelopes, was born in Glastonbury, Hartford County, 
Connecticut, on the first day of April, 1836. The American branch 
of Wickhams is of Puritan stock and traceable to early colonial settlers, 
and Horace J. Wickham is a lineal descendant of Thomas Wickham, 
who came from England and settled at Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
about 1648, and was the first holder of land in Glastonbury. His 
great-grandson, Hezekiah Wickham, Horace Wickham's great-grand- 
father, was a deacon, a schoolmaster, and a soldier in the Revolution. 
He was a man of unusually strong character and of conspicuous 
importance in his community. He was one of the first to march to 
" the relief of Boston " at the Lexington alarm. Mr. Wickham's 
father, John Wickham, was a farmer and a man of great perseverance, 
who died in 1865. Mr. Wickham's mother was Melinda Culver, a 
woman of deeply spiritual character. Through her he is descended 
from Edward Culver, who took a prominent part in the Pequot War 
in 1637, and in King Philip's War in 1676. 

The first fourteen years of Horace Wickham's youth were spent 
in Glastonbury, after which the family moved to Manchester, Con- 
necticut. Though his education was confined to that of the common 
schools it was thoroughly acquired and supplemented by thoughtful 
reading, much of which was of a moral and spiritual nature. His 
most marked trait as a boy was his mechanical and constructive 
ingenuity and he was happiest when indulging his mechanical tastes. 
He worked a great deal on his father's farm and this increased his 
physical strength and endowed him with full capacity for work and 
augmented his natural general ability. At seventeen he apprenticed 
himself to the machinist's trade in Bristol and he mastered the trade 

70 




/TT,,, A,, /r-,^ T/fyr//,^^^ SBra A^i" 




^Ay 



^ 0\yX^^^^^ 



HORACE JOHN WICKHAM. 73 

with a rapidity and thoroughness that his natural mechanical bent 
fostered. At twenty he was master of his trade and he went to New 
Haven to enter the Whitney Gun Works and was immediately given 
the most responsible commissions. He remained with the company 
during most of the period of the Civil War and invented many 
improvements in the art of gun-making which was so important and 
profitable at that time. He became a foreman in the Whitney Com- 
pany and in 1864 left them to serve as master machinist in the United 
States Arsenal at Springfield. 

In 1869 Mr. Wickham began the most important chapter in his 
business experience and the best work of his life by becoming identi- 
fied with the Plimpton Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Con- 
necticut, The concern was doing a large business in the manufacture 
of envelopes, etc., for the trade and secured, in 1874, the Government 
contract for making stamped envelopes and wrappers. The com- 
pany was severely taxed to hold its own against competition and still 
have a profit until Mr. Wickham invented the machinery which 
revolutionized the industry and made the process of envelope making 
quicker, simpler, and more profitable than had ever seemed possible. 
The Wickham machines reduced the cost of manufacturing envelopes 
from fifty cents to three and one-half cents a thousand. Encouraged 
by the remarkable success of this invention Mr. Wickham perfected 
a machine for making stamped wrappers, a wonderful device and as 
valuable for the saving of time and money as his envelope machines. 
For twenty-five years all the stamped envelopes used by the Govern- 
ment have been made by the Wickham machines, and, when we realize 
that nearly a billion of these envelopes are turned out annually and 
at such a low figure that they yield the Government an annual profit 
of nearly $500,000.00, and know that this is the achievement of Mr. 
Wickham's genius, he may well be regarded as one of the most 
important American inventors as well as one of the most valuable 
promoters of American industrial progress. Mr, Wickham remained 
with the Plimpton Company imtil 1898, and during the life of his 
patents, twenty-two claims, they were controlled by that company 
and never infringed. Some twenty more patents were granted to 
him at various times for other inventions. Although the greatest 
of his achievements have been in the service of the Plimpton Com- 
pany he had other business interests at the same time. In 1881 he 



74 HORACE JOHN WICKHAM. 

helped organize the Hartford Manilla Company, of which he became 
president and his son, Captain C. H. Wickham, secretary and treas- 
urer. He was also a promoter and for a time general manager of 
the Hartford, Manchester, and Eockville Tramway Company, and 
his son was secretary and treasurer of this company. In 1899 both 
gentlemen retired from the management of this company and in 
1901 they purchased the entire plant and business of the Hartford 
Manilla Company and organized it into the Wickham Manufacturing 
Company, which they sold after fifteen months to " Case and 
Marshall, Incorporated." Since 1902 Mr. Wickham has retired from 
all business save the care of his extensive investments. His business 
interests have been too great to admit of a public career, but he was 
a valued member of the Hartford Common Council in 1883 and 1884 
as representative of the First Ward. He is a Eepublican in political 
faith. 

From 1871 to 1895 Mr. Wickham's home was on Edwards street, 
Hartford, but in 1895 he built a country seat in Manchester, Con- 
necticut, known as The Pines, arranged according to his own designs 
and the embodiment of his deep love of country life in all its phases. 
He is a lover of horses and cattle and finds great enjoyment in his 
fine stock farm and in his three hundred acres of well-cultivated 
country lands. Mr. Wickham's wife was Fylura Sanders, whom he 
married in 1857. Clarence Horace Wickham is their only child. Mr. 
and Mrs, Wickham have traveled extensively throughout the United 
States and in travel Mr. Wickham has found recreation of pleasure 
secondary only to the enjoyment of his country home. He has few 
fraternal or club ties, though he is connected with the Order of 
Masons and is a member of St. John's Lodge, F. and A. M., Hart- 
ford. 

As an inventor Mr. Wickham is generally regarded as one of the 
greatest geniuses of his age. His part in the development of 
industrial aflPairs has been a great one and he deserves a high place 
among the public benefactors of the past century. 



THEODORE ALFRED BINGHAM 

BINGHAM, THEODORE ALFRED, retired brigadier-general 
in the United States Army, former military attache to the 
United States Embassies at Rome and Berlin, military aid 
to President McKinley and President Roosevelt, and at present Police 
Commissioner of New York City, was born in the town of Andover 
Tolland County, Connecticut, on the 14th of May, 1858 He 
traces his ancestry to Thomas Bingham, who came from Sheffield 
England, to America, and was one of the original proprietors o 
Norwich, Connecticut, in 1660. General Bingham's father is Joel 
Foote Bingham, D.D, Litt.D., a clergyman, whose integrity of char- 
acter and thorough scholarship command wide respect and adniira- 
tion His mother was Susan Grew, and to her he is indebted tor 
strong moral and spiritual influence. The nature of his father s pro- 
fe^sion determined that Theodore Bingham's youth should be spent m 
various towns, large and small, and he lived in the country, m a vil- 
lage, and in the city during his boyhood days. He was a strong active 
boy, and was early taught to study and to work with a will. He had 
a strong desire for military life and chose for himself a career m the 
army He enjoyed the best literature and found constant interest 
and inspiration in studying the Bible and the works of Carlyle and 
Charles Kingsley. After preparatory courses under his father at 
home he studied at Yale for three years and then spent four years at 
West Point, where he graduated in 1879. He then began his active 
military career by entering the Corps of Engineers, United States 
Army His promotions were rapid, for in June, 1879, he was made 
a second lieutenant; in June, 1881, a first lieutenant; and m July, 
1889, a captain. During his service with the Corps of Engineers, 
from 1879 to 1890, he performed many important official duties. In 
1889 he was appointed military attache to the United States embassy 
at Berlin, where he remained until 1892, when he was made military 
attache to the embassy at Rome until 1894. 

Soon after his return to this country General Bingham entered 



75 



76 TPIEODORE ALFRED BINGHAM. 

upon a very distinguished public service as military aid to Presidents 
McKinley and Roosevelt, and was in charge of the public buildings 
and grounds at Washington, with the rank of Colonel, from March, 
1897, to May, 1903. In this responsible position he was a social and 
military leader at the Capitol, establishing the formal precedent at 
various State functions. In 1903 he became a brigadier-general in 
the United States Army, and retired in 1904. After his retirement he 
settled down for a well-earned rest at Farmington, Connecticut. His 
thirty years' distinguished career as an army officer was terminated by 
physical incapacity due to an accident. It was soon proved that he 
was to be the recipient of still further public honors, and, in 1906, he 
was made police commissioner of New York City, under Mayor Mc- 
Clellan. 

General Bingham is a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, of the Metropolitan Club of Washington, the Order of Masons, 
the Sons of the American Eevolution, the Society of Colonial Wars, 
and the Chester Yacht Club of Chester, Nova Scotia. He is fond of 
shooting and riding, and for an in-door diversion he enjoys a game of 
chess. In 1896 Yale bestowed upon him the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts. In 1898 he published the Bingham Genealogy, a most com- 
plete and interesting work. Mrs. Bingham, whom he married in 
1881, was Lucile Eutherford. One child, named Rutherford, has 
been bom to General and Mrs. Bingham. 

Home training and influence have been the dominant forces in 
General Bingham's life and the chief incentives to his great success. 
He believes that the highest good is " not money, but a clean con- 
science, absolute honesty and integrity, and love of duty ; nerve and grit 
to fight temptation, and active participation in the duties of a citizen." 
All these things he deems indispensable and necessary to true success 
in life. 



BENJAMIN WISNER BACON 

BACOX, BENJAMIN WISNER, LL.D., professor of New 
Testament criticism and exegesis at Yale Divinity School, 
New Haven, is a descendant of a family that has made a 
lasting name for itself in the world of theology and of letters. On 
his father's side, he is descended from Michael Bacon, son of Michael 
of Winston, Suffolk Comity, England, who came to America and set- 
tled in Dedham, Massachusetts, in 1640, and on his mother's side from 
Nathaniel Bacon, son of William of Stretton, Rutland County, Eng- 
land, who came to this country prior to 1654, and was among the first 
settlers of Middletown, Connecticut. The Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., 
LL.D,, of New Haven, the ecclesiastical leader and writer, was the pro- 
fessor's grandfather, and Rev. Leonard Woolsey Bacon of Norwich and 
of Philadelphia, a brilliant and versatile divine, was his father. His 
mother was Susan Bacon, whose example and teachings had much to 
do with moulding both the intellectual and the spiritual and moral 
life of her son. 

Professor Bacon was bom in Litchfield, Connecticut, on January 
15th, 1860. Endowed by nature with a good physique, every ad- 
vantage was given him for muscular development and he was a leader 
in boyhood sports and pastimes. Meanwhile he was receiving and ap- 
preciating the best of intellectual training. In his preliminary course 
of study he was a pupil at the Hopkins Grammar School in New 
Haven, at the Gymnasium in Coburg, Germany, and at the College de 
Geneve, Switzerland. Entering Yale College at the age of seventeen, 
he was graduated with honors in the class of 1881. 

Following the line of the ministry, which he had chosen, he went 
to the Yale Divinity School, where he received his degree of B.D. in 
1884. Throughout his college and graduate course, he had been con- 
spicuous in athletics, and from 1879 to 1883 was a stalwart on the 
Yale University foot-ball eleven. Today he keeps himself " in trim '' 
with golf. Yale gave him the degree of M.A. in 1891, Western Re- 
serve that of D.D. in 1892, Syracuse University that of Litt.D. in 

77 



78 BENJAMIN" WISNEE BACON, 

1894, and Illinois College that of LL.D. in 1904. Private study, lie 
believes, has had the strongest influence upon his career. 

The year of his graduation from the Divinity School he was in- 
stalled pastor of the Congregational Church of Lyme, Connecticut. In 
1889 he accepted a pastorate in Oswego, New York, where he re- 
mained until called to Yale in 1896 to take the chair of New Testa- 
ment criticism and exegesis. In addition to his duties in this capacity, 
he was director of the School of Oriental Eesearch in Jerusalem, 
1905-6. In 1904 he was representative of American New Testament 
Science at the St. Louis Congress of Arts and Sciences. 

The professor's writings are marked by clearness and simplicity 
of style. They include, "Genesis of Genesis" (1891), "Triple 
Tradition of the Exodus" (1894), "Introduction to New Testament 
Literature" (1900), "Sermon on the Mount" (1902), and "Story 
of St. Paul, (1904) ; also important translations and many magazine 
articles and essays. 

In politics he counts himself a member of no distinct party; as 
a believer in tariff reform, he was a supporter of President Cleveland. 

He married Eliza Buckingham Aiken on May 27th, 1884, and 
they have had two children, both of whom are living. Their home is 
at No. 244 Edwards street, New Haven. 

In his own life, Professor Bacon believes that when he has fallen 
short of his expectations it was because he yielded to the constant 
temptation of the ease of superficial success. His principle is that 
ambition to do effective service should be the ideal of manliness, keep- 
ing in mind the perpetual danger of eclipse by the ambition to " get." 



p. HENRY WOODWARD 

WOODWAED, P. HENEY, of Hartford, son of Ashbel and of 
Emeline (Bicknell) Woodward, was born in Franklin, 
Connecticut, March 19th, 1833. He is the eighth in de- 
scent from Eichard Woodward, an emigrant from Ipswich, England, 
in 1634:, and one of the early proprietors of Watertown, Mass. In 
Bond's histor}^ of that town is given the genealogy of the family, pre- 
pared by Ashbel Woodward, eminent in his day both as physician and 
antiquarian. 

Mr. Woodward was graduated at Yale College in 1855, studied 
law, in part at Harvard, and in the fall of 1860 opened an office in 
Savannali, Georgia, in partnership with Wm. Eobert Gignilliat. In a 
few months the outbreak of hostilities ended the connection, and the 
practice of law was never resumed. From September, 1862, to Sep- 
tember, 1865, he was on the editorial staff of the Hartford Courant. 

In September, 1865, he was appointed special agent of the post- 
office department and assigned to the task of reconstructing the ser- 
vice in Georgia. So well was the work done that he was soon placed 
in charge of the through mails and of the system of railway distribu- 
tion from the Ohio Eiver to the Gulf of Mexico and the South Atlantic 
ocean. Without interference, and with sole reference to fitness, he 
was allowed to select the clerks assigned to the postal car service. In 
a short time chronic incompleteness at the South gave way to a degree 
of excellence limited only by relatively slow railway schedules. 

With the changes attendant on the accession of General Grant 
to the presidency he was transferred from the railway to another 
branch of the service, of which he was made chief in 1874, with head- 
quarters at Washington. Under his control the corps of special agents 
was reorganized on the strictly merit plan. It quickly rose to unex- 
ampled effectiveness. In difficult matters other departments of the 
government invoked its aid. Failure to succeed relapsed into a tra- 
dition of the past. New methods which became permanent were intro- 
duced. 

81 



82 HENRY P. WOODAVARD. 

Toward the end of the second term of General Grant, Secretary 
Bristow and Postmaster-General Jewell were dismissed from his cab- 
inet. With them Mr. Woodward was retired after eleven years of 
service. 

A few days after the inauguration of President Garfield, Mr. 
Woodward received a telegram from Thomas L. James, postmaster- 
general, asking for an interview in New York. He was then invited 
to reenter the postal service and take charge of the investigation into 
alleged Star Eoute frauds. He accepted. The story is partially told 
in the records of the two trials which fill seven large volumes, in the 
testimony before Congressional committee, etc. In the latter volume 
is also told the story of the corruption of the juries. As a 
result of the trials two and a half millions of dollars a year 
were lopped from the cost of star and steamboat service despite an 
increase of mileage, an annual deficiency extinguished, and the con- 
tract bureau regenerated. Long before these trials President Grant 
had said to a member of his cabinet that in the District of Columbia 
convictions for defrauding the government were impossible. The 
method of selecting juries made the manipulation of them easy at 
the hands of " shysters " who devoted their energies to this special 
branch of legal practice. The Star Eoute cases initiated a reform 
which has eradicated all such scandals from the courts of the District. 
With the change of administration in 1885 Mr, Woodward retired 
finally from the postal service to which he had given fifteen years of 
his life. 

In 1888, leading citizens of Hartford, discouraged by the sta- 
tionary, and in some respects the relatively retrograde, condition of 
the town, organized the Board of Trade. As its first secretary Mr. 
Woodward prepared for publication the following season a volume 
of over two hundred pages, packed with statistical and historical facts 
regarding local banking, insurance, manufactures, public works, edu- 
cation, art, charities, etc. Within a few months an edition of ten 
thousand copies found its way into circulation. During the next 
decade the town gained fifty per cent, in population, while its progress 
in other lines was equally marked. 

In 1890-1 the Hartford Board of Trade Eoom & Power Company, 
Mr. Woodward being secretary and treasurer, erected for manufac- 
turing purposes a solid building of three stories, three hundred and 



HENET P. WOODWARD. 83 

sixty feet long. It is now the home of the Underwood Typewriter 
Company, the original subscribers having been reimbursed, principal 
and interest. 

Mr. Woodward has written various articles and books — some 
acknowledged and some anonymous. Many years ago he wrote a 
series of sketches drawn from the postal service, published first under 
the title of " Guarding the Mails," changed in a later edition to " The 
Secret Service of the Post-OflBce Department." For the hundredth 
anniversary of the Hartford Bank (June llth, 1892), he prepared the 
history of that institution; delivered the address at the unveiling of 
the statue of Colonel Thomas Knowlton on the State Capitol grounds 
in November, 1895; wrote for "The New England States" (D. H. 
Hurd & Co., 1897) the articles on Manufactures in Hartford and 
Insurance in Connecticut; and at different times papers on a variety 
of subjects. 

He is president of the Dime Savings Bank, vice-president of the 
Connecticut General Life Insurance Company, secretary of the board 
of trustees of Trinity College, director in the Eetreat for the Insane, 
etc., etc. 

September 11th, 1867, he married Mary, only daughter of the late 
Charles Smith of South Windham, Conn., a manufacturer widely 
known for ability and elevation of character. He has a daughter, 
Helen W., wife of Rev. Stephen H. Granberry of Newark, N. J., and 
a son, Charles Guilford Woodward of Hartford. 



WILBUR LUCIUS CROSS 

CEOSS, WILBUE LUCIUS, Ph.D., professor of English 
Literature at Yale University, was born in Mansfield, Tolland 
County, Connecticut, on April 10th, 1862, the son of Samuel 
Cross and Harriet Maria Gurley. The first of the family name in 
this country was Peter Cross who emigrated from England in the 
latter part of the seventeenth century. The Gurley ancestors, with a 
strain of Scotch blood in their veins, were also among the early 
settlers. Samuel Cross who, in turn, was sailor, teacher, farmer, and 
manufacturer, was a sturdy, practical-minded man of highest in- 
tegrity. Mansfield was a Eepublican town and he was a Democrat, 
yet such was the esteem in which he was held by the coimtryside that 
he was twice sent to the Legislature as representative. 

Wilbur Lucius Cross was hampered by a weak physical con- 
dition in his childhood and from twelve to eighteen was threatened 
much of the time with nervous collapse. But rural life, with its pas- 
times, built him up. While no special tasks were assigned him, he 
was permitted to earn pocket money by working in the postoflSce and 
village store and by driving about on errands when he was not with 
his friends, the books. His mother ever kept a kindly eye upon him 
and encouraged him to lofty ideals. 

After preparing at the Natchaug High School in Willimantic, 
he went to Yale and was graduated with the class of 1885, a member of 
Psi Upsilon society and winning membership in Phi Beta Kappa by 
his high stand. In his senior year he was awarded the DeForest 
medal. Immediately upon graduation, he accepted the position of 
principal of the Staples High School in Westport, Connecticut, where 
he remained one year. 

Literature was his forte and in this and in philosophy he took a 
graduate course at Yale, winning the degree of Ph.D. in 1889, In 
the histories of successful men he found much of his inspiration for 
higher work and for careful, thorough research. The year he received 
his degree as Doctor of Philosophy, he was appointed instructor in 

84 



I 



WILBUR LUCIUS CROSS. 85 

English Literature at Shadyside Academy, Pittsburg, Pa. He con- 
tinued there until 1894, when he was called to Yale to take the po- 
sition of instructor in English in the Sheffield Scientific School. In 
1897 he was promoted to be assistant professor and in 1903 to his 
present position of professor. He also was made a member of the 
governing board of the School. 

The work by which Professor Cross is best known to the outside 
world, here and in foreign lands, is his " Development of the English 
Novel", published in 1899, which has won unstinted commendation 
for its completeness, impartiality and great value to the student. He 
edited the department of English Literature in the New International 
Encyclopedia (1903-4), writing the leading articles on English Lit- 
erature for it. He has also written on the novel and various novelists 
for the American Encyclopedia (1906). He published in 1904-5 
notable studies of Sterne, in the complete works of Laurence Sterne, 
and there have come from his scholarly pen essays on Scott, Shakes- 
peare, and George Eliot, in editions of some parts of their works, as 
well as many articles in the magazines. 

He is an Episcopalian. In political matters he casts an inde- 
pendent vote. He is fond of wheeling, tramping, mountain-climbing, 
and fishing, and belongs to the Graduates' Club of New Haven, of 
which he has been a member of the board of governors for five years. 

He married Miss Helen Baldwin Avery of Willimantic on July 
17th, 1889. Of their four children, three are living. Their home is 
at No. 306 York street. New Haven. 

A brief extract from his book, " The Development of the Eng- 
lish Novel," may be taken as showing his insight into life. " We are 
by nature both realists and idealists, delighting in the long run 
about equally in the representation of life somewhat as it is and as 
it is dreamed to be. Idealism in course of time falls into unendurable 
exorbitances; realism likewise offends by its brutality and cynicism. 
And in either case there is a recoil." 



CLARENCE DEMING 

DEMING, CLARENCE, journalist, of New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, was born in Litchfield, Litchfield County, Connecticut, 
October 1st, 1848, and is the son of William Deming, a late 
merchant of Litchfield, and of Charlotte Tryon Deming. His father 
was a man of positive character who took much interest in political 
and religious questions and controversies, and through him he traces 
his ancestral line to John Deming, an early English emigrant to 
America who was a patentee in the Connecticut Charter in 1662. On 
his mother's side Mr. Deming is descended from Henry Champion, 
who came from England to Saybrook, Connecticut, about 1647, and 
from Commissary-General Henry Champion of the Continental 
Army. 

Litchfield was Mr. Deming's boyhood home and his life in that 
beautiful, healthful country town was full of wholesome influences 
and strong ties. He was strong, vigorous, and athletic, and equally 
well developed in mental capacity and tastes, for he enjoyed reading 
and study as much as he did all out-door sports. He had no heavy or 
regular work to do in youth, but earned his spending money by chop- 
ping wood and by other outdoor tasks. He had plenty of time for 
the improvement of his mind and read historical, political and jour- 
nalistic literature with great interest and profit. He attended Dr. 
Richards' School in Litchfield, The Gunnery in Washington, Connecti- 
cut, and then completed his college preparation at the Hopkins Gram- 
mar School, New Haven. He then entered Yale College and was 
graduated in the class of 1872, with an " oration " stand in the honor 
list. While in college he took second prize in composition, was an 
editor of the Yale Courant in Senior year, and a member of the 
" Skull and Bones " Society. He was as prominent in the athletic 
as in the scholarly life of the University, having been captain of the 
'Varsity base ball nine and a member of the 'Varsity football team. 

In July, 1872, the month following his graduation, Mr. Deming 
went to Troy, New York, where he was assistant editor of the Troy 

86 



CLARENCE DEMING. 87 

Whig for a period of eight months, at the end of which he returned 
to New Haven and took a short post-graduate course at Yale. In the 
fall of 1873 he became night editor of the New Haven Palladium and 
held this position until February, 1875, when he became assistant news 
editor of the New York Evening Post, joining steady editorial writing 
with the regular duties of that position. In 1881 he took the position 
of traveling correspondent for the Post and visited England, the Con- 
tinent, Newfoundland, Cuba, the lower Mississippi, and the South for 
political correspondence, and Ireland, where he wrote up the Agrarian 
" Outrages " in 1883. In 1884 he became editor of the New Haven 
Morning News and in 1886 he added to his editorial duties those of 
business manager, treasurer and president of the Morning News 
Company, doing the entire work for a year without pay to save the 
paper froim a sale which would probably have turned the Morning 
News against Cleveland and tariff reform. Since completing this 
arduous and responsible work Mr. Doming has had no definite edito- 
rial position, except that of editorial correspondent and editorial 
writer on the Railroad Gazette, but has remained in New Haven and 
occupied himself with general writing, consisting mostly of contri- 
butions to various magazines and newspapers. For twelve years 
(1889-1901) he was the weekly editorial correspondent for the Con- 
necticut edition of the New York World. He has made a special 
study of railroads and has made frequent important contributions to 
the Railroad Gazette. He has also given especial attention to mat- 
ters of civic and tariff reform, and to the discussion of athletic prob- 
lems and subjects. As a critic he writes with both freedom and justice, 
and in a clear, interesting, and incisive manner. His longest and 
most permanent work is " BjTvays of Nature and Life," published 
in 1884. He has also written some poetry, the most memorable of his 
verses being those published in 1870 on the occasion of a reunion at 
The Gimnery School and a short poem " A Eeverie of The Game," 
published in the Yale Alumni Weekly, in June, 1905. He is a 
journalist both by choice and by natural endowment, and is one of 
the most able writers in the Connecticut field of journalism. 

Mr. Deming is a member of the University Club and the Eeform 

Club of New York City. In politics he affiliates with the Democratic 

party, though he votes " independently " in state and local elections. 

He keeps up a keen interest in college sports, concerning which he 

5 



88 CLARENCE DEMING. 

writes so copiously and capably, and enjoys fishing and all outdoor 
life very fully. 

Mr. Deming has never sought or held public office. In 1893 Gov- 
ernor Morris, of his own volition, sent the name of the journalist to 
the State Senate for the place of Insurance Commissioner. The 
Senate refused to confirm the nomination. This result was partly due 
to the solid adverse vote of the Eepublican senators, who contended 
that the Eepublican incimibent of the office had the legal right to hold 
over after the " dead-lock " ; partly to opposition in his own party to 
Governor Morris, who had shown favor in his appointments to former 
" mugwumps " ; but more particularly to Mr. Deming's sharp criti- 
cisms in his editorial work aimed at politicians in both parties. 

Mrs. Deming, whom he married in 1886, was Mary Bryant Whit- 
ing of New Haven, and is his second wife. Mr. and Mrs. Deming 
have three children: Mary Whiting, born April 14th, 1887; Eobert 
Champion, born June 4th, 1888, and Dorothy, bom June 8th, 1893. 
Mr. Deming's first wife was Anna Battell Humphrey of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., whom he married in 1879, and who died in 1880. 

The advice which Mr. Deming gives to yoimg men seeking a 
success of as great measure as his own is most deserving of adoption. 
He says : " Young men, while they ought always to be terribly in 
earnest, should temper earnestness and sincerity by the ' suaviter in 
modo \ They must have courage in action, attitude and utterance, 
and a standard of absolute right as distinguished from qualified, 
timid, and * prudential ' standards." 



PHILIP CORBIN 

COEBIN, THE HON. PHILIP, the founder and head of the 
great industry of P. & F. Corbin of New Britain from its in- 
cipiency, traces his ancestry ba^k to Eobert Corbin of Nor- 
mandy through a line of men whose rugged character and industry 
have left their imprint upon contemporaneous history in each genera- 
tion. Geofrey and Walter Corbin are mentioned in English annals 
in 1194 and 1272. Clement Corbin (or Corbyn) came to this coimtry 
and was among the settlers of Eoxbury;, Mass. John, his son, played 
a conspicuous part in King Philip's War in 1675; John's son James, 
born in Eoxbury in 1667, was one of the settlers of Woodstock, Con- 
necticut, in 1686; James' son Lemuel was a constable in Dudley, 
Massachusetts, in 1746; Lemuel's son Philip was successively con- 
stable, captain, selectman and representative, and his son Philip, bom 
in Union, Connecticut, removed to Willington, Tolland County, 
Connecticut, where Philip, the third of the name and destined to take 
high rank among America's captains of industry, was bom on October 
26th, 1824. 

Philip was a brave, sturdy lad, thoughtful and energetic. One 
of a large family, it was his lot to begin at an early age to assume 
responsibilities and to bear that share of the burden of life for which 
his splendid physique seemed to have fitted him. When he was seven 
he attended school in TJnionville, the family then living in Farming- 
ton. After a year there they removed to West Hartford, thence to 
Ellington and thence back again to West Hartford, where the home- 
stead was established at what is now known as Corbin's Comers. 
There the father died in 1881, and there two of Philip's sisters still 
reside. 

Philip Corbin made the most of his meagre opportunities to ac- 
quire knowledge in the district schools and for a term and a half at- 
tended the academy in West Hartford; for the rest, he had to glean 
what he could from books at rare intervals in hard labor on the farm. 
Perhaps his tasks were the harder because of his ambition to be a 

91 



92 PHILIP CORBIN. 

leader among workmen and because of his great endurance. At one 
time he contemplated teaching school in the Stanley Quarter in New 
Britain at $10.00 a month, but as a relative of the selectman would do 
it for $8.00, the position was not for Philip. At nineteen he was the 
leader in cutting wood for a big contract his father had taken, his 
" stint " being two cords of two-foot wood a day, at forty-five cents a 
cord. It was while engaged at this laborious task that a workman in 
a New Britain hardware factory suggested to him the advisabihty of 
his taking employment in the shop. He could get $15.00 a month as 
leader of workmen for a neighboring farmer, and altogether that 
looked to Philip's father like an exceptional proposition. 

However, consent finally being given, young Mr. Corbin entered 
the employ of Matteson, Eussell & Co. (later Eussell & Erwin), on 
March 18th, 1844, as an apprentice to contractor Charles Burt, for 
$14.00 a month. To eke out this sum, and to assist the family, he 
did odd jobs, including sweeping the whole factory, for which he re- 
ceived fifty cents a week. Influenced by his example, three of his 
seven brothers, Hezekiah, Waldo and Frank, followed Mm to New 
Britain, though in the summer they returned home to do the haying 
and Philip to work for other farmers till fall. That fall he had his 
first experience in the field his genius was to develop, that of lock- 
making, when he entered the employ of Henry Andrews, contractor 
for North & Stanley. 

By diligent study, he mastered the work so that, at the age of 
twenty, he himself had become a contractor and an employer of labor. 
His younger brother Frank soon entered into partnership as con- 
tractor. Such was his success that in the last year of his minority 
Philip gave his father $1,000.00 toward the support of the family. 
Possibilities of improvement being more apparent and welcome to 
him than to his superiors, he made up his mind to attain greater free- 
dom. He, his brother Frank and a brass founder, Edward Doen, 
finally resolved to set up in business for themselves. 

In May, 1849, they opened a small shop in a two-story wooden 
structure built for them. Each had contributed $300.00 toward the 
capital and, with a horse and treadmill for power, they were ready to 
begin with $300.00 for buying stock and running the business under 
the name of Doen, Corbin & Co. Their first product was " ox balls " 
for the horns of oxen. Mr. Corbin's young wife assisted in packing 



PHILIP CORBIN. 93 

goods when she could spare time from her duties as housekeeper, the 
family including two boarders. In September, 1849, Mr. Doen left 
the firm and Mrs. Corbin's father, Henry W. Whiting, came in, the 
name being Corbin, Whiting & Co. The present firm name of P. & 
F. Corbin was adopted on January 1st, 1852, when Mr. Whiting had 
sold his interest to the brothers, believing that they were making too 
great a variety of goods. Philip Corbin's theory was to meet compe- 
tition at every point and to extend his market — the theory to which 
he devoted every waking hour and to which the great industry today 
owes its world-wide fame ; the local field widened to take in all Amer- 
ica and then to embrace the whole civilized world. On February 14th, 
1854, the North & Stanley Company and P. & F. Corbin consolidated 
in a joint stock company as P. & F. Corbin, Mr. Corbin being secre- 
tary and manager, soon after to become president, to which oflSce of 
secretary was added that of treasurer in 1859, which he held until 
1903. In 1880 the capital was increased from $50,000.00 to $500,- 
000.00. In 1882, the Corbin Cabinet Lock Company was established 
as an adjunct of the orginal company — the officers being the same 
in both companies, Philip Corbin president. Most of his brothers 
have been connected with the enterprise. Business continued to in- 
crease marvelously when on March 13th, 1902, the two greatest of 
hardware concerns, P. & F. Corbin and the Eussell & Erwin Manufac- 
turing Company, were merged, with the American Hardware Corpora- 
tion organized as the holding company, Philip Corbin, president, 
authorized capital of $7,500,000.00. May 2d, 1903, the Corbin Screw 
Corporation appeared as another outgrowth and on June 11th, 1903, 
the Corbin Motor Vehicle Company. 

The factories which President Corbin looks out upon now cover 
acres upon acres of land, employ thousands of the most skilled me- 
chanics and make a large per cent, of all the locks and general hard- 
ware used in the world. 

And in addition — Mr. Corbin is president of the New Britain 
Machine Company, of the Savings Bank of New Britain, the D. C. 
Judd Company, the Calumet Building Company; and director in the 
Hartford National Bank of Hartford, and in the Mechanics National 
Bank of New Britain and in the Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection 
and Insurance Company of Hartford. 

Mr. Corbin was a Whig and then a Eepublican, but, confining 



94 PHILIP CORBIN. 

himself to his business, had no aspiration for public office. In 1849, 
however, he was prevailed upon to take the office of warden of the bor- 
ough, and after the borough became a city he served in the common 
council. Doing much to establish New Britain's system of water sup- 
ply, he was a member of the board of water commissioners for some 
years. In 1884, he was sent to the House of Kepresentatives, and in 
1888 to the Senate. 

His wife, Francina F., daughter of Henry W. Whiting, he mar- 
ried near the outset of his industrial career, on June 21st, 1848. They 
have had three children, two of whom are living, Charles F. Corbin 
who is associated with his father in business, and Nellie, wife of Wil- 
liam Beers of New Britain. 




^ri^.&yA,'0: iy1-i//:^, -^s ^-Bry A'j' 




/iZ-^>t>C^ 



CHARLES MAPLES JARVIS 

JARVIS, CHARLES MAPLES, of Berlin and New Britain, was 
bom in the town of Deposit, Delaware County, New York, on 
April 16th, 1856. He came of a family marked for their in- 
tegrity, industry and firmness. The progenitor in America was Wil- 
liam Jarvis, who settled in Norwalk, Connecticut, in the seventeenth 
century, dying about 1740. His grandson, Abraham Jarvis, was the 
second bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut. 
Mr. Jarvis' father was Henry Sanford Jarvis, a business man and at 
one time county supervisor. His mother was Rachel Peters, to whose 
forceful influence Mr. Jarvis feels that he owes much. 

From a child somewhat weak and sickly, Mr. Jarvis developed 
into a man of strong physique. His natural bent was toward me- 
chanics, and he spent hours poring over the pages of the Scientific 
American and similar publications. 

His parents removed to Binghamton, New York, when he was 
still quite young and he studied at the public schools and was grad- 
uated at the high school. Every facility was offered him to acquire 
the education he desired. Entering the Sheffield Scientific School at 
Yale, he spent> three years in the study of scientific branches and was 
graduated with the degree of Ph.B. in 1877. 

His first position, the April after graduation, was as draughtsman 
and later as engineer with the Corrugated Metal Company. That 
was the name of a concern located in the village of East Berlin, near 
New Britain, Connecticut. The high character of its products was 
becoming better known each year and in a short time the corporation 
title was changed to the Berlin Iron Bridge Company, a name which 
was soon known in every part of the civilized world. The success of 
its operations constituted a revelation in scientific commerce; its 
metal frameworks, of any size, were transported to all parts of Amer- 
ica and to foreign lands, where they were set up by the company's 
skillful men with a promptness and a permanency which soon gave 

95 



96 CHARLES MAPLE JAEVIS. 

the company practical control of this class of work throughout the 
world. Of this Company Mr. Jarvis became president. 

When the Berlin Iron Bridge Company, still the foremost in its 
class, was absorbed by the American Bridge Company, Mr. Jarvis 
was made vice-president, in charge of the operating department. 

In the fall of 1901, the large manufacturing concerns built up 
by the Corbins in New Britain, as the P. & F. Corbin and Corbin 
Cabinet Lock Company, and known wherever hardware and builders' 
furnishings are used, having been brought under one management, 
Mr. Jarvis accepted the position of vice-president. The following 
spring saw the organization of that great company, the American 
Hardware Corporation, composed of P. & F. Corbin, the Kussell & 
Erwin Manufacturiing Company, the Corbin Screw Corporation, the 
Corbin Motor Vehicle Corporation and the Corbin Cabinet Lock 
Company. 

For this corporation — The American Hardware Corporation — 
Mr. Jarvis is first vice-president. He is also president of the Hard- 
ware City Trust Company, of New Britain, and vice-president of 
The Connecticut Computing Machine Co. at New Haven. Mr. Jarvis 
has always taken a deep interest in agriculture and at present is 
running one of the largest farms in Hartford County, and is president 
of The Berlin Agricultural Society. 

Mr. Jarvis is one of those who gladly admit the influence upon 
them of the successful careers of others, and in this connection it is 
interesting to note his scientific calculation of the relative strength of 
influences. It is : Of home, twenty per cent. ; of school, ten per cent. ; 
of early companionship, ten per cent.; of private study, thirty per 
cent.; and of contact with men in active life, thirty per cent. An- 
other item not to be passed by in looking over causes and effects in 
life is this, that Mr. Jarvis got his first strong impulse to strive for 
such prizes as energy and application can bring by reading a list of 
subjects given out by the Institute of English Civil Engineers for 
prize essays. 

He is associated with the Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany. When the policy-holders of that company elected him a di- 
rector in 1906, the Hartford Courant said : " Mr. Jarvis is a man of 
large personal popularity and wide business experience and connec- 



CHARLES MAPLE JARVIS. 97 

tions. He represents one of the largest of the great interests of New 
Britain, and consequently of the State." 

Political preferment Mr. Jarvis has felt constrained to decline; 
he did consent, however, to serve as a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of the State in 1903. The work of that body of picked 
men makes one of the State's proudest pages ; although it was not ap- 
proved by the people, it already has served as a guide for legislators 
and will be a source of inspiration in years to come. 

Mr. Jarvis requires considerable exercise and he gets it mostly 
in walking and horseback riding. He has membership in the Hart- 
ford Club, the Country Club of Farmington, the University Club of 
New York and the Union League and Engineer's Clubs of that city ; 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers and of the American So- 
ciety of Mechanical Engineers, of which last organization he has 
served as vice-president. 

Mrs. Jarvis was Miss Mary Morgan Bean, whom he married May 
27th, 1880. They have a daughter, Grace Morgan Jarvis. He is a 
member of the Congregational Church. 

Mr. Jarvis was made Commissary General in the military de- 
partment of the State by Governor Woodruff with the rank of Colonel, 
which it may well be believed he accepted more out of loyalty to an old 
friend than from a desire to wear a uniform. 



WILLIAM THOMAS WOODRUFF 

WOODRUFF, WILLIAM THOMAS, president of the Seth 
Thomas Clock Company of Thomaston, Connecticut, and 
one of the foremost mannfactnrers in the State, is a de- 
scendant of early English settlers and traces his ancestral line to 
Matthew Woodruff, who came from England and settled in Hartford, 
Connecticut about 1641. Mr. Woodruff's parents were William and 
Martha Thomas Woodruff. His father was a physician, a graduate 
of Yale Medical School and one of the leading representatives of his 
profession in Waterbury until, during his later years, he became an 
invalid and was forced to retire from active professional duties. 

William Thomas Woodruff was bom in Plymouth, now Thomas- 
ton, Connecticut, on July 11th, 1839, and received his early education 
at the common schools of his native town. He then took a course at 
the Institute of East Hampton, Massachusetts, followed by a more 
advanced course at the Hudson River Institute in New York. This 
was the extent of his actual schooling, but wide and intelligent travel 
throughout the United States and Europe in later life have served as 
a broad and practical education, which he considers an influential and 
considerable part of his training for his work in life. 

Choosing mechanical work in a manufacturing industry for his 
*•' start " in business life, young Mr. Woodruff went to work after 
leaving school as a workman in the employ of the Seth Thomas Clock 
Company of Thomaston. By gradual steps he rose from one position 
to another in that company until he reached his present responsible 
office as president of the large and well-known company. 

Outside the absorbing responsibilities of managing a large and 
growing manufacturing industry Mr. Woodruff has few and simple in- 
terests. In politics he is a Republican, in religious faith he is a Con- 
gregationalist, and in fraternal affiliation he is a Mason. Socially he 
is a member of the Country Club of Farmington, Connecticut, of the 
Union League Club of New York, and of the Waterbury Club of 





^. ^^. 




/ 



WILLIAM THOMAS WOODRUPP lOl 

Waterbury. His home the year round is at Thomaston. Mrs. Wood- 
ruff was Gertrude Slade of Ansonia, whom he married January 32d, 
1868. Mr. and Mrs. Woodruff have no children. 

tOfC 



JOHN BUTLER TALCOTT 

TALCOTT, JOHN BUTLEE, a prominent citizen and leading 
manufacturer of New Britain, was born at Enfield, Connecti- 
cut, September 14th, 1824, son of Seth and Charlotte Stout 
Talcott. He is of old New England stock, being a direct descend- 
ant of John Talcott, who, in 1636, came from England to Hartford, 
where he built the first frame house in the city. As an influential 
member of the Hartford Colony, he was frequently sent to England 
as its business representative. Mr. Talcott is also lineally descended 
from the Eev. Thomas Hooker, the first minister of the Hartford 
colony. 

In 1828 Mr. Talcotfs parents removed from Enfield to West Hart- 
ford, and here in the public schools he received his early education. 
A serious illness in boyhood somewhat impaired his physical 
strength, and rendered him unable to take part in the sports and 
activities of other children. Books, happily, proved for him an all- 
sufficient substitute for play, and thus early in life he became familiar 
with good literature. He became one of the most promising pupils 
in the Hartford Grammar School, where he was fitted for college, and 
where he also taught during the last year of his college course. 

He was graduated from Yale College in 1846, being the saluta- 
torian of his class, and receiving the degrees of A.B. and A.M. Mr. 
Talcott next turned his attention to the study of law, entering for 
this purpose the ofiice of Francis Fellowes, a leading member of the 
Hartford Bar. His expenses he defrayed in part by teaching in the 
Hartford Female Seminary, by serving as clerk in the probate court, 
and by tutoring for a year in Middlebury College, Vermont. 

In the winter of 1848 he was admitted to the Bar. For the next 
three years he held a tutorship in Yale College, at the same time con- 
tinuing the study of law with a view to practice. Circumstances, 
however, changed his expectations in this regard, and he was induced 
to abandon the law for active business. 

In 1851 Mr. Talcott went to New Britain, and with S. J. North 
and others began the manufacture of knit goods and hooks and eyes. 

102 



iS^S*-'- 







.M' 




JOHN BUTLER TALCOTT 105 

After a time the New Britain Knitting Company absorbed the 
Knitting goods interest of North & Stanley. Of this new company, 
Mr. Talcott was appointed treasurer and general manager, a position 
that he held for fourteen years. 

In 1868 he organized the American Hosiery Company, of which 
he was secretary and treasurer for many years, and of which he is 
now president. The business of this company in its special lines is one 
of the largest in the country, and Mr. Talcott is an authority in all 
matters pertaining to this business. He is also interested in numer- 
ous other corporations and manufacturing establishments. He is a 
valued member of the board of directors of the P. & F. Corbin Hard- 
ware Company, of the General Life Insurance Company, and of the 
New Britain Savings Bank. He is also president of the Mechanics 
National Bank. 

Mr. Talcott has been frequently honored by his fellow citizens 
with official station and trust. In 1876 he was a member of the 
common council of New Britain, and from 1877 to 1879 a member 
of the board of aldermen. He was twice mayor of the city, all 
parties uniting their suffrages to secure his election. His adminis- 
tration was conceded to be one of the most successful in the history 
of the city. 

Mr. Talcott has been deeply interested in the success of the New 
Britain Institute, of which he was one of the original incorporators, 
and of which he has been president for several years. This insti- 
tution was among the first to provide an absolutely free reading 
room, and an ample library at a nominal charge. To this institute 
he has given twenty-five thousand dollars, known as the Talcott Art 
Fund, the income of which is to be used for the purchase of oil 
paintings for the art room. He is a notable example of a man whose 
devotion to high ideals has been shown not only in his fidelity to busi- 
ness interests, but by his scholarly attainments, and a generous partici- 
pation in the philanthropic and religious enterprises of the com- 
munity, in the midst of which his remarkable success has been 
achieved. 

Mr. Talcott's first wife was Miss Jane C. Goodwin of West Hart- 
ford, whom he married September 13th, 1848. His present wife 
was Miss Fannie H. Hazen of New Britain, whom he married March 
18th, 1880. Of his six children, three are still living. 



108 THOMAS HOWAED EUGER. 

Department of California, where military divisions were discon- 
tinued in July, 1891. 

He was promoted to a major-general, United States Army, Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1895, and was retired on April 2nd, 1897, having reached 
the age limit for active service, and is now enjoying his well-earned 
rest at Stamford, Connecticut. 

He was married to Helen L. Moore, daughter of Henry E. Moore 
on October 6th, 1857, at Beloit, Wisconsin. 



ALBERT STANBURROUGH COOK 

COOK, PROFESSOR ALBERT STANBURROUGH, Ph.D., 
L.H.D., LL.D., of Yale University, was born in the village 
of Montville, Morris Comity, N. J., on March 6th, 1853, the 
son of Frederick Weissenfels Cook and Sarah Barmore Cook. His 
father was a farmer and justice of the peace, a man of good judgment 
and wise in counsel. 

The earliest of this branch of the Cook family to come to 
America was Ellis Cook, whose name appears in the town records of 
Southampton, L. I., in 1644, as one of a colony that had removed 
from Lynn, Mass., the colonists having come originally from England. 
He was an extensive landholder, and a person of standing in the 
community. He died before 1679. Silas Cook, who served as post- 
master, State senator (vice-president of the State Senate), and county 
judge, was the grandfather of Professor Cook ; and the late Professor 
George H. Cook, vice-president of Rutgers College and State geologist 
of New Jersey, was a relative of his. 

In youth. Professor Cook was not robust. Small tasks about the 
farm engaged much of his attention, and the solitary, out-of-door life 
tended to establish a reflective habit and a love for nature, as his 
tasks taught him an appreciation of homely toil. His mother's 
influence contributed greatly to his spiritual and moral develop- 
ment, while his passion for reading was directed to the better class of 
books. The Bible, Milton, Shakespeare, and Tennyson he counts as 
having been perhaps the books most helpful to him in his career. 

After attending the district school, and a private school in Boon- 
ton, N. J., he entered Rutgers College in 1869, where he was graduated 
with the degree of B.S. in the Scientific department in 1872. Being 
dependent chiefly upon his own resources, he immediately began teach- 
ing, though cherishing the hope of further study. The year previous 
to his entering Rutgers, when a lad of fifteen, he had been a teacher 
in the district schools of Whitehall (Towaco), and Taylortown, Morris 
County, N. J. Just before graduation he was offered a professorship 
6 109 



110 ALBERT STANBURROUGH COOK. 

of chemistry at Fukni, Japan, a position then vacated by William 
Elliot Griffis, since known as an authority on Japan. For a year after 
graduation he was tutor in mathematics at Eutgers, and for four 
years subsequently a teacher in Freehold Institute, Freehold, N, J. 
In 1877 he went abroad for a course in linguistics and literature. 
After a year at Gottingen and Leipzig Universities, he returned to 
America, and a year later (1879) accepted a position as associate in 
English at the Johns Hopkins University. In 1881 he went to the 
University of Jena, where he received the degree of Ph.D., in 1882. 
Eutgers gave him the honorary degree of M.A. in 1882, Yale that of 
M.A, in 1889, Eutgers that of L.H.D. the same year, and Eutgers 
that of LL.D. in 1906. 

His first position on returning from Jena was in the University 
of California, where he was appointed professor of the English 
language and literature in 1882. He put the department on a more 
substantial basis, established a higher standard of instruction, and 
helped to bring about closer relations between the high schools and 
the University. 

In 1889 he was called to his present position of professor of the 
English language and literature at Yale, where he is indefatigable in 
his labors for the good of the University. It was through his instru- 
mentality that English was placed among the requirements for en- 
trance examinations at Yale, and he caused the acceptance throughout 
the country of the principle of close study of certain books in English, 
in distinction from mere reading, in college preparatory schools. 
Among those whom he has assisted in training for academic positions 
in English, or the pursuit of literature or linguistic study, are a num- 
ber of prominent or rising teachers and writers. 

Meantime he has been a prolific writer himself. Among his works 
are : a translation of Sievers' " Old English Grammar," now in its 
third edition ; " Glossary of the Old iSTorthumbrian Gospels " ; " Bib- 
lical Quotations in Old English Prose Writers," two series ; " Notes 
on the Euthwell Cross " — approximately fixing the date of that monu- 
ment of Germanic antiquity ; " The Higher Study of English " ; 
" The Artistic Ordering of Life " ; editions of treatises on poetry ; of 
Tennyson's " Princess," Burke's " Conciliation with America," Bacon's 
"Advancement of Learning ; " of " Judith," " The Dream of the 
Eoad," and " The Christ of Cynewulf," besides the " Yale Studies in 



ALBERT STANBURROUGH COOK. Ill 

English " (thirty-one volumes, with more in preparation), of which he 
is general editor. 

He was president of the California State Teachers' Association in 
1887, president of the Modern Language Association of America in 
1897, and secretary of the National Conference on Entrance Ex- 
aminations in English from 1897 to 1899. He is foreign member of 
the Society of the Dutch Language and Literature. In 1890 he was 
Carew lecturer at the Hartford Theological Seminary. 

He graduated at the head of his class, received first prize for his 
graduating thesis, " The Inclined Planes of the Morris Canal,'' and 
delivered at Commencement a German oration entitled, " Bildung " 
(Culture). 

In politics he was originally a Kepublican, but is now an Inde- 
pendent. He is a member of the Eeformed Church. For exercise and 
recreation he chooses bicycling, walking, driving, light farming, and 
foreign travel. He is a member of the Graduates Club of New 
Haven. 

He married Miss Emily Chamberlain on June 1st, 1886. They 
have had two children, Mildred E, and Sidney A., both of whom are 
living. His home is at 219 Bishop street, New Haven. 

Principles which should conduce to the success of young Ameri- 
cans he summarizes thus : " The study and practice of true Christian- 
ity, as exemplified in the life of Christ, and as set forth in the Bible, 
but particularly in the New Testament; a living faith in God and in 
His Son, Jesus Christ. Next to this, a devotion to great poetry." 



ANDREW JACKSON SLOPER 

SLOPER, HON. ANDREW JACKSON, of New Britain, promi- 
nent in the banking world and in public life, was bom July 
14th, 1849, in Southington, Hartford County, Connecticut. His 
father, Lambert E. Sloper, was a farmer in Southington, and later 
became a carpenter in New Britain. He is remembered as a man 
of strong will, unusually well informed, and an ardent reader; 
characteristics which have descended to the son. Mr. Sloper's mother, 
Emma Barnes Sloper, was a fine type of Christian woman, who left a 
lasting impression upon the moral life of her son. Like many of Con- 
necticut's prominent men, Mr. Sloper comes from an old New England 
family. Richard Sloper, his earliest ancestor in America, came from 
England in 1G25. He was one of the original settlers and owners of 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was a sergeant in the Colonial militia, 
and married a daughter of Governor Sherburne. Captain Daniel 
Sloper, another ancestor, was a strong patriot during the Revolution- 
ary War, and a man of much influence in Southington. 

Young Andrew Sloper, a healthy and active youngster, inherited 
the military spirit of his forefathers, and for three years was captain 
of a company of boys in New Britain. But his youthful desire to 
become a soldier was never realized. 

At the age of fourteen he was graduated from the New Britain 
High School, and he then attended the State Normal School for one 
year. But he had to work hard for his education. For several years 
he drove cows, earning enough money in this way to pay for his 
winter clothes, and he increased this meager income, out of school 
hours, by taking care of gardens and doing any kind of odd jobs. This 
hard work taught him regular habits and the ability to do a great 
variety of useful things. He was a boy whom every one knew, and 
as a declaimer at school he made a name for himself. School 
influences had a marked influence upon his life. One of his high 
school teachers, who marveled at his ability in mathematics, advised 
him to seek a position as an accountant. But Mr. Sloper, pressed 
by necessity, had to seize the first opportunity offered to earn money. 

112 



ANDREW JACKSON SLOPER 115 

In 1865 he went to work for a photographer in New Britain, The 
next year he received employment in a dry goods store and the 
following year he entered the New Britain National Bank as a mes- 
senger boy. Through perseverance and hard work, aided by his 
natural ability, he rose to one position after another. In 1885 he 
became cashier, and since 1895, he has been president of the bank. 

In addition to being head of his bank, the former messenger boy 
is now president and treasurer of the New Britain Gas Light Com- 
pany, treasurer of the American Hardware Corporation, treasurer 
and director of the Russwin Corporation, and treasurer and director 
of the Russwin Lyceum. He was at one time president of the Con- 
necticut Bankers' Association, and is now, in addition to the com- 
panies above named, director in the following companies: Russell 
& Erwin Manufacturing Company; Landers, Frary & Clark; North 
& Judd Manufacturing Company; Union Manufacturing Company; 
New Britain Machine Company; Corbin Motor Vehicle Company; 
National Spring Bed Company; Adkins Printing Company; Rock 
Manufacturing Company, Rockville; Edward Miller Company, Meri- 
den; Cuba Eastern Railroad Company; Tehuantepec Rubber Com- 
pany; Cuba Hardware Company, and Meriden Realty Company. 

In political life Mr. Sloper has always been a Republican and 
has taken an active part in the public affairs of his community. His 
record shows a long list of offices held and public services rendered. 
His first public office was that of councilman, which he held for two 
years. He was alderman for one year, sewer commissioner for two 
years, police commissioner for one year, and State senator from 1900 
to 1903. At present he is chairman of the park commission and of 
the cemetery committee of New Britain. Among the many services 
by which Mr. Sloper has earned public esteem may be mentioned the 
securing of the passage of the sewer filtration bill for his city. He 
was chairman of the incorporation committee of the General Assem- 
bly 1901-03, and was largely instrumental in framing tbe present 
corporation law of Connecticut which is justly regarded as the best 
corporation law on the statute books of any state in the Union. As 
chairman of the park commission he has contributed greatly to the 
development of Walnut Hill Park. 

Mr. Sloper was married, on October 8th, 1873, to Ella B. Thom- 
son. Of his five children, three sons are now living. He is a member 



116 ANDREW JACKSON 8L0PER 

of the First Baptist Church and has been its treasurer for more than 
thirty years. He is a Knight Templar and an active clubman. He 
is a member of the Union League Club of New York, of the Hard- 
ware Club of N"ew York, of the New England Society of New York, 
of the Union League Club of New Haven, of the Hartford Club, and 
of the New Britain Club ; of the last named he was for several years 
the president. He is a member of the Sons of the American Eevolu- 
tion. He is fond of active exercise and takes great pleasure in horse- 
back riding, which is his favorite amusement. 

Mr. Sloper's one regret in life is that the necessity of earning 
his own livelihood prevented him from taking a college course. 
His advice to young Americans who are striving to attain success 
in life is summed up in the following words: "Be temperate 
and don't be afraid to work. When you have secured a fair position, 
stick: even if reward is a long time coming. Make friends wher- 
ever you can and go out of your way to help the other fellow. Be 
regular in church attendance. It helps you to be decent the rest of 
the week." The story of his life shows that Mr. Sloper has followed 
his own advice. To him religion is not a mere form; it is helpful. 
Each Sunday he gains inspirations which help him throughout the 
week. But the most instructive and helpful idea in Mr. Sloper's 
philosophy of life is, stick and be patient. 



ALEXANDER ROSS MERRIAM 

MERRIAM, ALEXANDER ROSS, theologian, clergyman, and 
professor of homiletics, pastoral care and sociology at the 
Hartford Theological Seminary, was born in Goshen, Orange 
County, New York, January 20th, 1849. The first Merriams in 
America came from Kent, England, and esttled in Concord, Mas- 
sachusetts, about 1630, and he is in direct line of descent from these 
original settlers. He is also descended from Col. Benjamin Tusten, 
a colonel in the Revolutionary War. Prof. Merriam's parents were 
Henry Merriam and Ann Eliza Reeve Merriam. His father was a 
hardware merchant and a man of high moral character and recognized 
business integrity, and his mother was a woman of great moral and 
spiritual strength and influence. 

Village life was the lot of Alexander Merriam in boyhood. He 
was not blessed with a robust constitution, and his pursuits were 
sedentary rather than athletic, his chief interests being literary ones. 
He prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, and then en- 
tered Yale University, where he was graduated with the degree of 
A.B. in 1872. He then taught for two years in the Hartford Public 
High School. The ministry was his choice of a profession, and after 
finishing his second year of teaching he entered the Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, where he was graduated in 1877. 

Shortly after his graduation from the Theological Seminary Mr. 
Merriam entered upon his first pastorate, a Congregational Church 
in East Hampton, Massachusetts, where he remained from 1877 to 
1884. During this time, in July, 1879, he married Jane May Gore 
of Boston, by whom he has had five children, all now living. In 
1884 he became pastor of the First Congregational Church in Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, where he remained until 1892, when he was called 
to his present position, the chair of homiletics, pastoral care and 
sociology in the Hartford Theological Seminary. In addition to his 
sermons and lectures Prof. Merriam has written a number of pam- 
phlets and articles on religious and sociological subjects, and has been 

117 



118 ALEXANDER EOSS MEKRIAM. 

a frequent contributor to various reviews and magazines. He is a 
member of the Psi Upsilon college fraternity, the Yale Senior secret 
society of Skull and Bones, the Twentieth Century Club of Hartford, 
the Educational Club of Hartford, of which he has been president, the 
American Economic Association, the National Conference of Charities 
and Correction, the American Social Science Association, a member 
and trustee of the Good Will Club of Hartford, president of the Social 
Settlement Association of Hartford, director of the Charity Organiza- 
tion Society of Hartford, director of the Connecticut Bible Society, 
and a member of the advisory board of the Connecticut Institute for 
the Blind. He was formerly a trustee of Williston Seminary and of 
Olivet College (Michigan). In politics he is a Eepublican. For exer- 
cise and amusement he finds his greatest enjoyment in horseback 
riding. 



MARCELLUS B. WILLCOX 

WILLCOX, MAECELLUS B., president of the Southington 
National Bank and vice-president of the Peck, Stow and 
Willcox Company, was born in Southington, Hartford 
County, Connecticut, November 23d, 1844, the son of William and 
Sally Ann Bristol Willcox. His father was a manufacturer who 
served his town as selectman and was a member of the Connecticut 
Legislature for several terms. Mr. Willcox's paternal grandfather 
was Francis Willcox and his maternal grandfather was Julius D. 
Bristol. 

In Mr. Willcox's early boyhood Southington was a country town 
and the experiences and interests of his youth were those of the aver- 
age New England country boy. His chief reading was the perusal of 
the daily papers and his education was confined to that afforded by the 
Lewis Academy in Southington. 

Upon leaving school he went to work in a factory in Southington 
and in choosing this employment he was actuated solely by personal 
preference. In October, 1879, Mr. Willcox went to Cleveland and 
started the firm of Willcox, Treadway & Co., which In 1883 consoli- 
dated with Peck, Stow & Willcox, and returned to Connecticut in 1887. 
He became identified with the firm of which he is now vice-president, 
the Peck, Stow & Willcox Co., manufacturers of hardware, edge tools, 
and tinners' tools, with extensive plants in Southington and adjoining 
towns. Mr. Willcox is also greatly interested in banking and is presi- 
dent of the Southington National Bank. He is a director in the 
Union Polling Mill Company, the ^tna Nut Company, and the 
Southington Cutlery Company. 

A man of few words and simple interests whose whole time and 
energy is given to business, Marcellus Willcox is neither a political 
leader or a club man in any sense of the word. He has always voted 
the Eepublican ticket, but has found no time or taste for public office. 
He is not a member of any religious body but attends the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. His has been a busy, industrious and fruitful life 

119 



120 MARCELLUS B. WILLCOX. 

and work has been his exercise and recreation as well as " the business 
of life." His wife is Emma D. Blatt Willcox, whom he married on 
August 20th, 1875. Mr. and Mrs. Willcox have no children, though 
one was born to them. Their home is in Southington, where the 
whole of his busy, successful life has been led. 



HAROLD WARRINER STEVENS 

STEVENS, HAROLD WARRINER, president of the Hartford 
National Bank and one of the foremost bankers in Connecticut, 
was born in Warren, Pennsylvania, January 6th, 1855. He 
is descended from " good ancestral stock," and considers this fact most 
influential upon his own character and success. His first ancestors in 
America were Cyprian Stevens, who came from England to Boston in 
early Colonial days (about 1660), and John Whitney, who came from 
England to Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1635. Mr. Stevens' parents 
were Abram Walter and Elizabeth Ellen Stevens. His father was a 
clergyman of scholarly pursuits, who possessed rare literary taste and 
intellectual ability, and was a keen investigator in theology and gen- 
eral knowledge. Mr. Stevens' mother was a woman of unusual strength 
of character, whose example and influence were strongly for his good 
in every way, and who created a home atmosphere which was a con- 
stant stimulus to high standards of living. 

A serious illness in early life handicapped his youthful develop- 
ment ; but he was ambitious and persisted, and succeeded in surmount- 
ing his difficulties to a marked degree. He attended public and private 
schools for his preliminary education, and then entered the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology in Boston, where he took three years of 
the course in civil engineering, but did not graduate. An opportunity 
of becoming a clerk in the First National Bank of Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, was presented to him, and he left school to accept this posi- 
tion. 

Banking was thus Mr. Stevens' first work in life, and it has occu- 
pied his time and engaged his best efforts continuously ever since. 
Since his first position, he has been clerk in the National Bank of the 
Republic in Boston, cashier of the Northampton (Massachusetts) 
National Bank, and vice-president and president of the Hartford Na- 
tional Bank, the last named being his present responsible and influ- 
ential position. The Hartford National Bank is the oldest and strong- 

121 



122 HAROLD WARRINER STEVENS. 

est bank in Connecticut, and as its head Mr. Stevens holds a high 
position in the banking business of his state. 

In politics Mr. Stevens votes an Independent ticket, and in reli- 
gious belief he styles himself " a thinker." His relaxation from busi- 
nes is in outdoor life, which he keenly enjoys in all its branches. His 
marriage to Frances Elizabeth Ball took place on December 4th, 1880. 
They have had one son, Harold Parker Stevens, a young man of high 
promise, who died January 18th, 1905, aged twenty-three years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stevens make their home at 56 Kenyon Street, Hartford. 
Mr. Stevens is not a " society man " in the usual sense of this 
phrase, but his social nature is thoroughly alive and active, and it is 
one of his fundamental principles to be loyal to his friends. 

The strongest influences upon his success are, in Mr. Stevens' 
own estimation, the advantages of good antecedents, an uplifting home 
life, and his own intelligent, persistent efforts. He would urge 
young men to " keep the body healthy, the mind clear and clean, and 
the heart gentle and sweet; to cultivate the principle of fair play, 
habits of industry, clear, broad thinking, deep, genuine feeling, and 
intelligent sympathy." 



SAMUEL EDWARD ELMORE 

ELMORE, SAMUEL EDWARD, of Hartford, president of the 
Connecticut River Banking Company, was born in South 
Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, November 3d, 1833, 
and is the son of Harvey and Clarissa (Burnham) Elmore. His 
father was a teacher and farmer, who represented his district for 
four years in the General Assembly, and who served in the Connecticut 
militia as a captain of an independent rifle company. He was noted 
for his honesty, industry, and piety. Edward Elmore, the first Ameri- 
can representative of the family, came over from England in the ship 
Lyon and settled in Newtowne in 1633. Three years later he came to 
Hartford with the Rev. Thomas Hooker. 

Mr. Elmore was brought up in the country where an out-door 
life and the usual farm work enabled him to outgrow the effects of 
a naturally weak constitution. He had few advantages in early life, 
when the Bible was about the only book he had to read. But he was 
determined to acquire an education, and after attending the Hinsdale 
Academy and the Williston Seminary, he matriculated at Williams 
College, where he was graduated with the degree of B.A. in 1857. He 
subsequently studied law for a time, but he never practiced. 

He began the active work of life as a teacher in Sedwick Institute 
and later became principal of the Stowe Academy in Vermont. Re- 
turning to his native State, he was elected to the General Assembly, 
where he represented his district for four years ending in 1864. He 
was also chief clerk to the State Treasurer. In 1865 he became sec- 
retary and later president of the Continental Life Insurance Com- 
pany ; for thirty years he has been president of the Connecticut River 
Banking Company and has been treasurer of the J. R. Montgomery 
Company since its organization. 

In 1864 Mr. Elmore married Mary Amelia Burnham. He has 
had four sons, all of whom are living. He attends the Congregational 
Church and is a member of the Hartford Scientific Society, the Hart- 
ford Club, the Sons of the American Revolution, and the Connecticut 

123 



;[24 SAMUEL EDWARD ELMORE. 

Historical Society. Hunting, fishing, and conducting a tobacco farm 
have been his favorite pastimes. 

Good habits, strict honesty, and firm religious principles, together 
with a willingness to do a little more than is expected of one: these 
are the ideals by which Mr. Elmore has been guided in his long career, 
which has brought ample success to himself and to those associated 
with him. 



i 



RALPH HART ENSIGN 

ENSIGN, EALPH HAET, manager of Ensign, Bickford and 
Company, manufacturers of fuses, of Simsbury, Connecticut, 
was bom there November 3d, 1834. On both the paternal 
md the maternal side he is descended from very old families. The 
Snsigns trace their ancestry to James Ensign who came from England 
;o Cambridge, Massachusetts, and in 1634 came to Hartford with 
rhomas Hooker's famous flock. The name Ensign is of old Saxon 
)rigin and was known in England as early as 1563. Mr. Ensign's 
earliest maternal ancestor in America was William Whiting, one of 
;he earliest settlers of Hartford. His mother, Martha Tuller 
i.Vhiting, a direct descendant of William Whiting, through Joseph, 
John, Allyn and Elijah Whiting, was a woman of noble character and 
listinguished bearing. Moses Ensign, Mr. Ensign's father, was a 
farmer and manufacturer of tin ware, and a man very active in church 
work and steady in his political interests. 

Mr. Ensign was educated at the Hop Meadow District School of 
Simsbury, and afterwards studied at the Connecticut Literary Insti- 
tute in Suffield and at Wilbraham, Massachusetts. Until he was 
twenty-one he worked at his father's shop and at farming, then he 
became assistant foreman in a cigar factory in Suffield. After a few 
months he gave up this business and joined his brothers who were 
sngaged in business in the south. Upon his return home he worked at 
farming for a while and then became clerk in a store in Tariff vi lie, 
where he afterwards engaged in business for himself. In July, 1863, 
he married Susan Toy, the daughter of Mr. Joseph Toy, the manager 
of the firm of Toy, Bickford and Company, manufacturers of safety 
fuses, and he was invited to enter the employ of the firm. Five 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Ensign, of whom three are now 
living: Joseph E., who married Mary Phelps, Susan A., who married 
Eev. W. Inglis Morse, and Julia W., who married Eobert Darling. In 
1870 Mr. Ensign became a member of the firm, and upon the death 
of Mr. Toy, in 1887, the company was reorganized under the name of 

125 



128 RALPH HAET ENSIGN. 

Ensign, Bickford and Company, with Mr. Ensign as general mana- 
ger, which oflBce he still holds. The company is one of the oldest and 
largest concerns for the manufacture of blasting fuses in America. 
Although Mr. Ensign's chief interest is in manufacturing he holds 
several important positions in other corporations than his own. He is 
president of the Hartford County Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
director in the Hartford National Bank, the National Fire Insurance 
Company, the Arlington Company, and a trustee in the Dime Savings 
Bank. In politics Mr. Ensign is a Democrat and represented Sims- 
bury in the state legislature in 1876. He is a member of the Simsbury 
Lodge, F. & A. M., and of the Hartford Club. 



GEORGE FREDERICK TINKER 

TINKER, GEORGE FREDERICK, merchant, manufacturer, 
bank president, and ex-mayor of New London, Connecticut, 
was born in Marlow, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, Feb- 
ruary 13th, 1834. He is descended from "Mr." John Tinker who 
came from London, England, to Boston and was listed as a freeman 
there in 1654, was selectman and first town clerk of Lancaster, Massa- 
chusetts, and settled in New London in 1658. The title of "Mr." 
or "Master" was very rare in those days and showed that he was 
either a university graduate or of high social rank in England. Mr. 
Tinker's parents were Mary Ann Tinker and Nathan Tinker, a 
farmer and a member of the village school committee, a man who was 
honest, faithful and diligent in all he undertook. 

Mr. Tinker spent his boyhood in the country attending school, 
in which he delighted, and having plenty of farm work to do outside 
of school hours. He was fond of outdoor sports and of reading his- 
tory and biography. After a brief education at the country school 
and village academy he went to work during the summers at farming 
and during the winter months as teacher in the district school of his 
native town, Marlow, New Hampshire. 

At twenty-one Mr. Tinker engaged in business as a provision 
dealer and manufacturer in New London, and he has continued in 
this business ever since. He was mayor of New London for three years 
and councilman and alderman for fifteen years. He served two years 
in the legislature and during that political career never missed a 
session or committee meeting. He has been a staunch Republican 
since the birth of that party. His interests, aside from those in his 
own business and in politics, have been largely in connection with 
the financial, religious, and philanthropic institutions of his city. 
He is president of the Union Bank of New London, of the Smith 
Memorial Home, of the Young Men's Christian Association, chairman 
of the board of management of the Memorial Hospital Association, 
superintendent of the First Congregational Sunday School, and a 
7 129 



130 GEORGE FREDERICK TINKER 

trustee of the New London Savings Bank. He is also president of the 
board of trustees of the Bulkeley High School. He has been greatly 
interested in the intellectual life of his city and has managed courses 
of lectures there for twenty-eight consecutive years. He does not belong 
to any club or fraternal order, having devoted all of his time to his 
business and home life, his public offices and his church. 

On the third of June, 1856, Mr. Tinker married Augusta Rebecca 
Coombs. Mr. and Mrs. Tinker have had two children, both of whom 
are now living. The Tinker home is at 15 Franklin Street, New 
London. 

The advice which Mr. Tinker gives to others who would emulate 
his success is most pertinent. He advocates "total abstinence from 
intoxicants, a good education, honesty, integrity, industry, and econ- 
omy, coupled with energy and enthusiasm." 




.€^n!i by ^enrif G-/ff'j^i;r 3 




JAMES DICKINSON SMITH 

SMITH, JAMES DICKINSON, banker, financier, yachtsman, 
and prominent club member, is a native of P]xeter, Eockingham 
County, New Hampshire. He was born November 34th, 1829, 
and is the son of John Smith, who was born at Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, September 2nd, 1798. The elder Smith was gi'aduated from 
Yale College in 1821. He v/as at Princeton College during the 
years 1823 and 1824, and was installed over the Presbyterian Church 
in Trenton, New Jersey, in March, 1826. After serving in the 
ministry for forty years, he died at his son's house in Stamford, Con- 
necticut, February 20th, 1874. The mother of James Dickinson 
Smith, who was married to his father in Trenton, New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 11th, 1826, was Esther Mary Woodruff, daughter of the 
Honorable Dickinson Woodruff. To her potent influences on moral, 
spiritual, and intellectual grounds, Mr. Smith considers due the 
greater portion of his success in life, and in alluding to her he has 
ever reverently spoken of her as "an angel mother." Further back, 
on the male side, this branch of the Smith family can be traced to 
Samuel Smith who, in 1634, emigrated from Ipswich, England, to 
Connecticut and settled in Wethersfield. The fact is, this particular 
Smith was the founder of Wethersfield and really may be said to have 
made the "Mother of Connecticut." 

In his youth James Dickinson Smith had the good fortune to 
possess a strong and healthy constitution and his aspirations were 
always for obtaining something higher in life. His early life was 
passed in the country and from the age of sixteen to nineteen he 
was clerk in a store at Ridgefield, Connecticut, enjoying a salary of 
$30.00 for his first year's services. His industry and attention to 
business brought him $40.00 during a second year, and $50.00 was 
the emolument for the third. With this he clothed himself and had 
cash to spare. He had no difficulty in acquiring an education. Even 
at sixteen years of age, when he became a store clerk, he was fitted for 
college and was more than an average Latin and Greek scholar. Being 

133 



134 JAMES DICKINSON SMITH 

an apt pupil he profited by a course of study at the district school at 
Wilton, Connecticut, and at the Wilton Academy. His father was 
anxious that he should go to Yale College, but he declined as he 
wanted to work for his living. In 1848, then a stout, healthy youth, 
he went to New York, and in 1854 returned to Connecticut, where 
he bought a residence and has lived there from that time, doing busi- 
ness in New York City. 

James Dickinson Smith, in January, 1857, married Elizabeth 
Henderson of New York. They have had four children, but only 
two of them are now living: Archibald Henderson and Helen Wood- 
ruff, now Mrs. Homer S. Cummings, who has one son, James Dickin- 
son Schuyler Cummings, aged seven years. Mrs. Smith died April 
24th, 1871. Mr. Smith is in all respects what is generally known as 
a self-made man since he carved out his own course, though he 
regards the guidance received at home, school influences, and close 
union with men of energy and ability as having been instrumental in 
his success in life. 

Among his successful performances was the establishment, in 
1865, of the banking firm of Jameson, Smith & Cotting, now 
the banking house of James D. Smith & Company, in which 
his son, Archibald Henderson Smith, and nephew, A. G. Henderson, 
are his partners, in New York. He was president of the New York 
Stock Exchange for the years 1886 and 1887, having been a member 
of that body since 1868. He was State Treasurer of Connecticut in 
1881, president of the City Council of Stamford from 1894 to 1897, 
and has been a director in several of the most important banking, 
insurance, and railway corporations in the country. These include 
the Bank of Commerce and the Continental Bank of New York, the 
Union Pacific Railroad, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, the 
Panama Railroad Company, the Home Insurance Company of New 
York, and various others. He is president of the Stamford Hospital 
and has other local offices. 

Yachting and driving are paramount among Mr. Smith's pleas- 
ures. He dearly loves aquatic sports, is a member of the New 
York Yacht Club, has filled the offices of rear commodore, vice-com- 
modore, and commodore of that club, and was chairman of the 
American cup committee for twelve years. Mr. Smith has owned 
several famous yachts, among them the steam yacht Julia, the 



JAMES DICKINSON SMITH 135 

schooner Estelle, the sloop Pocahontas, and the daring schooner 
Viking, which has twice crossed the Atlantic Ocean. He has been a 
member of the Union League Club since its foundation, was presi- 
dent of the New York Club in 1886-87, is a member of the Player's 
Club, the Atlantic Club, the National Academy of Design, and The 
New England Society. These do not, however, complete the list of 
societies with which he is connected. He is a fine parliamentary 
debater and fluent orator. Gifted in speech, and often eloquent, he 
is sought as presiding officer at social and political meetings. 

In politics he is a Eepublican, having stepped into that organiza- 
tion from the old Whig party of which he was an active member, 
though he has never sought political honors. His name figures widely 
in club matters and has leading attention in "The History of Ameri- 
can Yachts and Yachtsmen." 



THOMAS DWIGHT GOODELL 

GOODELL, THOMAS DWIGHT, Ph.D., professor of the 
Greek language and literature at Yale University, was born 
in Ellington, Tolland County, Connecticut, on November 
8th, 1854, the son of Francis Goodell and S. Louisa Burpee Goodell. 
Of his paternal ancestors, Robert Goodell and Katherin, his wife, 
sailed from Ipswich, England, in April, 1634, and settled in Salem, 
Mass. His maternal ancestors also were among the earliest settlers, 
and were of Norman descent. Francis Goodell was a farmer, and 
later was engaged in the delivery business in Eockville. Of strong 
mind, he was an omnivorous reader of the leading periodicals and made 
an earnest study of the economic problems of the day. His Puritan 
antecedents appeared in his deep interest in theological questions, 
which he was always fond of discussing. Mrs. Goodell was a woman of 
rare delicacy and refinement, whose gentle graces had much to do in 
shaping the character of her children, all of whom possessed marked 
intellectuality and moral and spiritual force. 

With parents setting the highest estimate upon education, it was 
their desire that the children should " go as far as they could " — to 
borrow an expression of the professor's. Thomas, the youngest son, 
was somewhat slight in physique, but was sufficiently strong to do 
" chores " around the farm and in the village, enough to at least give 
him an appreciation of what manual labor means. This in itself 
was educational. His particular aptness as a student led him on till 
he and his elder brother were the first to graduate from the high 
school which had recently been established in Rockville under the 
principalship of Randall Spalding, Yale, 1870. And they were the 
first to go from that school to Yale. To his associates it seemed like 
a bold undertaking. There were indeed formidable obstacles to be 
overcome, but the earnestness which characterizes his work today 
carried him through, and he was graduated with honors in 1877. The 
ancient classics were perhaps his favorites, though his reading was 
along many lines, in literature (especially poetry), history, and 
sciences. The impulse he had received from two teachers being in- 
creased by that of his life at Yale, he set for himself higher tasks. 

136 



THOMAS DWIGHT GOODELL. 



137 



He had taught school in 1871, before entering college, and on his 
graduation he accepted a position as classical teacher in the Hartford 
Public High School, where he remained for eleven years. During 
this period he was continuing his studies, in definite form, at Yale 
from 1880 to 1884, where he received in the latter year the degree of 
Ph.D. In 1886 he went abroad for a year, returning to his work with 
new zeal, inspired by studies in Germany, Greece, and Italy. In 1888, 
his position as a Greek scholar was recognized by his appoint- 
ment as assistant professor in Greek at Yale, and in 1893 he was 
made full professor, his present position. The year 1894-5 he spent at 
Athens, Greece, imder the direction of Yale University, as professor 
in the American School of Classical Studies. 

Professor Goodell's book, "Chapters on Greek Metric" (1901, 
Yale Bi-centennial Series) alone is enough to assure his rank among 
the scholars of the day. The review in the Independent says of it that, 
for its originality of research, if for no other reason, it " would be a 
notable addition to American scholarship. Fortunately the work has 
stronger claims to approbation than this purely relative one; it 
treats one of the most difficult subjects of investigation in a manner 
which combines at once learning and common sense." He also has 
written "School Grammar of Attic Greek" (1903), and composed 
the Greek ode for the Yale bi-centennial. 

In religion the professor is a Congregationalist. By early asso- 
ciations a Eepublican, he voted for Cleveland every time, but for Mc- 
Kinley as against Bryan, and then for Parker as against Roosevelt. 
His exercise he gets in walking, gardening, bicycling, and mountain- 
climbing. The systematic training he has had in the gymnasium he 
believes has been very beneficial. 

He married Miss J. Harriet Andross, daughter of William W. 
Andross of Rockville, on May 9th, 1878. His residence is at No. 35 
Edgehill Road, New Haven. 

Speaking of success and ideals for American youth, he says : " My 
life work is the endeavor to cultivate in young men a higher estimate 
of the value of things of the mind, especially in literature and the 
arts, as over against the material side of civilization. Our danger is 
the over-estimate of the latter. Ideas, and the true beauty of life in 
every kind, are to be rated infinitely above wealth, which has no value 
except as it serves what is higher." 



DAVID SCOTT PLUME 

THE life of David Scott Plume is typical of the successful busi- 
ness men of his age and generation. Bom in New Haven, 
August 22 d, 1829, he received his early education at Lovell's 
Lancastrian School, and after his father's return to Newaxk, New 
Jersey, attended a private school there. Mr. Plume's father, Kobert 
Plume, was the son of a well-to-do farmer of Newark, and learned the 
trade of carriage maker, this work taking him to New Haven, where 
he met and married Aurelia Hulse, a descendant of the Barnes 
family, conspicuous in the history of North Haven. In going back 
to the Plume ancestor who first came to America, we find that he 
was Capt. John Plume who came from England in his own ship, 
and was one of the first settlers of Wethersfield, 1632. 

When fifteen years of age, Mr. Plume entered the office of a 
manufacturer of brass goods in Newark, to leam the business ; being 
faithful in all duties and industrious, he won promotion rapidly and 
at the age of twenty-two was in a position to go into business for 
himself, and established a factory in Newark with a store in New 
York. Waterbury being the center of the brass industry, he was 
brought into association with the men who had made it such, and he 
saw the opportunities for still further development — though no man 
could have foreseen the magnificent proportions of the industry to- 
day. In 1866, having bought an interest in the Thomas Manufactur- 
ing Company at Plymouth Hollow, Connecticut — now Thomaston — 
he removed to that village to take charge of the establishment. In 
1869 he was one of the organizers of the Plume & Atwood Manufactur- 
ing Company in Waterbury and was made treasurer, a position which 
he still holds. The Thomas Manufacturing Company was merged 
with the new company in 1869, and continues as an important 
branch of the Waterbury plant, which itself has been enlarged and its 
facilities increased till it ranks as one of the important companies 
in this country for the manufacture of high-class brass goods. In 

138 




d>CJ^r~K/- (/ 'Z^^.-.^-x-t-ti^, 



DAVID SCOTT PLUME. 141 

addition, Mr. Plume is treasurer of the American Eing Company, 
another of Waterbury's well-known manufacturing concerns. 

He removed his residence from Thomaston to Waterbury in 1873. 
A "natural born Whig" till 1861, he has been a Eepublican since 
that date, but has found no time to devote to politics. He has con- 
sented, however, to serve his fellow citizens in various local offices 
and was elected representative in 1876 and re-elected in 1878. In 
most that stands for the business activity of this wonderfully enter- 
prising city he has been among the foremost. He has been in con- 
stant contact with the world, in the broadest sense of that expression, 
and that fact has had a powerful bearing on his career. He was a 
director of the New York & New England Eailroad Company, which 
was the later name for the Hartford, Providence & Fishkill, in which 
Waterbury was deeply interested, — today a part of the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford system. Mr. Plume was one of the originators 
of the Waterbury Horse Eailroad Company, and held the office of 
president from the time it was incorporated until merged into the 
Waterbury Traction Company. The Connecticut Electric Company 
was the first company to furnish electricity for lighting and power in 
Waterbury; on its organization, in 1884, he was chosen president. 
The Waterbury Traction Company came into existence in 1894, with 
him as preeident. Since its absorption by the Connecticut Street Rail- 
way & Lighting Company — or, it might almost be said, since it be- 
came that company and extended its system over a large part of the 
State — he has been a director of the new company and vice-presi- 
dent. He was also most active with Mr. A. M. Young in building the 
first telephone exchange in Waterbury, which afterwards became a 
part of the Southern New England system. When the Colonial Trust 
Company was incorporated he was made president and still holds 
that position. Also he is a director in the Phoenix Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of Hartford and of the Waterbury Hospital. 

Mr. Plume belongs to the Union League Club of New York and 
to the Waterbury Club and the Home Club of Waterbury. In re- 
ligion he is affiliated with the Protestant Episcopal Church. While he 
has not taken much recreation since he was quite a young man, he 
thinks he owes much of his vigorous health since then to the systematic 
exercise he indulged in then. He always has been and still is very 
fond of horses and driving, but about vacations he knows little. His 



1^2 DAVID SCOTT PLUME, 

advice to young men is, " Whatever your business or calling, work 

and stick." 

Mr. Plume married Miss Abbie Cornelia Eichardson of Newark, 
New Jei^ey, on October 16th, 1855. They had three children, Frank 
C, David N., who died September, 1899, and a daughter, Emily 
Mansfield, now the wife of Ex-Governor John Gary Evans of South 
Carolina. 



ELISHA L. PALMER 

PALMER, ELISHA L., merchant and manufacturer of New 
London, was born in Montville, New London County, Connec- 
ticut, February 14th, 1840, the son of Elisha H. Palmer and 
Ellis Loomis Palmer. His father was a cotton manufacturer, who 
held many important town offices and was several times representative 
and state senator. Mr. Palmer traces his ancestry to Walter Palmer, 
who came from England and settled in Stonington, Connecticut, in 
1640. 

Mr. Palmer spent his boyhood in the country, and as he was 
strong and healthy his youth was the typical one of a New England 
country boy. He attended the public schools of Montville and the 
Connecticut Literary Institute at Sheffield, and finished his school 
education at eighteen with a business course at Providence, Rhode 
Island. He began work as a clerk in a wholesale house in New York 
City. 

At the time of the Civil War Mr. Palmer enlisted as a private, 
April, 1861, in Company I, 57th N. Y. Vol. Inf., and returned home 
in 1865 with the commission of lieutenant. During his term of ser- 
vice he was a prisoner of war, and at different times was confined in 
Libby Prison, at Columbia, and in Charleston, South Carolina. 

At the close of the war Lieutenant Palmer returned to Mont- 
ville, and, with his brother, Edward A., formed the firm of Palmer 
Brothers, commission merchants of New York City. This firm con- 
tinued for about twelve years, when Elisha L. returned to Montville 
to enter the firm of Palmer Brothers, manufacturers of bed-quilts 
upon a large scale. In 1900 the firm was incorporated with Mr. 
Palmer as vice-president, which office he still holds. 

He is a member of many distinguished clubs, including the 
Thames Club of New London, the Army and Navy Club, the Loyal 
Legion, the Republican, the National Arts, and the G-rolier, all of 
New York, and the Bibliophile Society of Boston. In politics he has 
always been identified with the Republican party. His religious as- 
sociations are with the Episcopal Church. 

143 



ERNEST THOMPSON SETON 

SETON, EENEST THOMPSON, artist, author, and lecturer, 
whose home is at Cos Cob, Connecticut, is an Englishman by 
birth, having been born in South Shields, England, August 
14th, 1860. In nature he has always found delight, and through 
nature he has received his education, — or is receiving it, for his study 
will never cease. 

On coming to America in 1866, he went to live in the backwoods 
of Canada, where he probably received the first impulse to the life 
he has led. There was strenuous farm work to be done, and he did 
it, but all around him was the school he grew to love, in the woods and 
in the fields. In 1883, he went West to study on the Western plains 
and has continued to reside there more or less ever since. 

His actual book-learning he acquired at the Toronto Collegiate 
Institute and the Eoyal Academy in London, England. Feeling the 
need of an artist's skill in interpreting nature's lessons, he took four 
years' study in Paris, from 1890. His genius was recognized by the 
Government of Manitoba, which appointed him official naturalist, a 
position he still holds. His writings already were attracting wide 
attention, particularly his " Manuals of Manitoba," published in 
1886 and his " Birds of Manitoba," published in 1891. Other works 
of his are: " Art Anatomy of Animals " (scientific), in 1896 ; " Wild 
Animals I Have Known," in 1898; "The Trail of the Sandhill 
Stag," 1899 ; " The Biography of the Grizzly," 1900 ; " Wild Animal 
Play for Children," 1900; " Lobo, Rag, and Vixen," 1900; *' Lives 
of the Hunted," 1901 ; " Pictures of Wild Animals," 1901 ; " Krag 
and Johnny Bear," 1902; "The Little Savages," 1903; "Monarch, 
Big Bear," 1904; " Woodmyth and Fable," 1905 and "Animal 
Heroes," 1905. 

As a painter, illustrator, and lecturer, he also is well known 
throughout America and in Europe. He is thoroughly imbued with 
nature, in all its forms, animate and inanimate, and has a marvelous 
faculty of presenting it fascinatingly for both readers and listeners. 

144 



ERNEST THOMPSON" SETON. 145 

He was one of the chief illustrators of the Century Dictionary, and 
his articles and illustrations are familiar to readers of all the leading 
magazines, while he has delivered some 1,500 lectures. He is a mem- 
ber of the Campfire Club. 

Mr. Seton married Grace Gallatin, daughter of Albert Gallatin of 
California, June 1st, 1896. They have one child, Ann. Mr. Seton's 
New York address is No. 80 West Fortieth Street. At Cos Cob he 
has a most characteristic and interesting home, which he calls Wyndy- 
goul, and there he continues his studies, researches, and writings, 
with frequent trips to his old friends in the wilds. 

His country home with its hundred acres of wild land is the 
head camp of the boy Order of Woodcraft Indians. This he estab- 
lished four years ago to assist boys in enjoying outdoor life. Each 
year since its numbers have doubled and over fifty thousand boys are 
now following the camp laws of the " Birch Bark Koll." 



LEWIS JOHN ATWOOD. 

AT WOOD, LEWIS JOHN", president of the Plume and Atwood 
Manufacturing Company of Waterbury, Connecticut, was 
born in Goshen, Connecticut, April 8th, 1827. His father 
was Norman Atwood, a native of Woodbury, Connecticut, a farmer by 
occupation. His mother was Abigail Woodward Atwood of Watertown, 
a woman of strong mind and noble character. On his father's side Mr. 
Atwood is descended from Dr. Thomas Atwood, a physician of note, 
who came from England to America in 1666 and settled at Wethers- 
field, Connecticut. He was said to have served as a captain in Crom- 
well's army previous to his emigration. On his mother's side Mr. 
Atwood is descended from Henry Woodward, who came to Boston in 
the vessel with Cotton Mather, in 1630, to seek religious liberty. 

A rugged, active boy, fond of work and play, Mr. Atwood learned 
in his earliest youth habits of industry and self-reliance. He spent 
his youth partly in the country and partly in a village, and found 
always plenty of work to be done with little time for play. His oppor- 
tunities for education were limited to those of the common schools. 
He was especially fond of mechaaics and wished to make their study his 
life work, but he was obliged to earn his livelihood at the task nearest 
at hand, and became clerk in a store in Watertown when he was twelve. 
For five years he alternated this employment with work on the farm 
and in a grist mill and saw mill. In 1845 he left Watertown for 
Waterbury and continued in, the mercantile business there. At twenty- 
one he became associated with Samuel Maltby of ISTorthford, Con- 
necticut, in the manufacture of buckles and buttons, but as they 
did not have enough money to conduct the business successfully he 
returned to the mercantile business, this time in connection with a 
flour and feed store. Later he became engaged in the manufac- 
ture of daguerreotype cases, lamp burners and other brass goods. 
In January, 1869, he, with a number of others, organized the 
Holmes, Booth and Atwood Company, which afterwards became 
the present Plume and Atwood Manufacturing Company. He has 

146 



LEWIS JOHN ATWOOD. 149 

been an active member of the firm ever since, holding the office of 
secretary from 1874 to 1890, when he became president, the office 
he now holds. Meanwhile, in 1865, he became largely interested 
in the American Ring Company and was its manager for many years. 
During the time that Mr. Atwood has been connected with manu- 
facturing business he has invented many valuable articles and appli- 
ances, and during a period of forty years he took out over seventy 
patents. Most of these were for improved burners, lamps and lamp 
fixtures. One of Mr. Atwood's most important inventions is a hy- 
draulic press for forcing " scrap metal " into a compact form prepara- 
tory to re-melting it. This device saves much time and labor and is 
in general use today, the process it involves being technically known 
as cabbaging." 

On January 12th, 1852, Mr. Atwood married Elizabeth S. 
Piatt of Waterbury. Of their three children, two daughters and a 
son, the son, Irving Lewis Atwood, is the only one living. Mr. 
Atwood early identified himself with church interests in Waterbury. 
He has been a deacon of the Second Congregational Church for the 
past fifteen years and interested in its business affairs, serving as 
chairman of the building committee during the construction of the 
present fine edifice. He was president of the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Waterbury for five years, and also served as chairman 
of the committee for the erection of the Y. M. C. A. Building. 

Mr. Atwood was actuated by an intense desire to become a 
successful business man and a useful citizen when he was a very young 
boy, and his busy life has been crowned by the attainment of that 
desire. To others he says, " Be honest and truthful, lose sight of 
yourself in your interest in your employer's prosperity; have the 
courage of your convictions in matters of right and wrong; use the 
best judgment at your command in dealing with men and affairs; be 
kindly considerate in your relations with others; give due heed 
to the needs of your higher nature and you will not fail of true 
success in life." 



JOSEPH ANDERSON 

ANDEESON, JOSEPH, clergyman, antiquarian, philologist, 
historian and man of letters, one of the leading Congrega- 
tional ministers of New England, is a native of Scotland. 
His ancestors lived in the North Highlands and were presumably 
of Danish descent. On his mother's side he traces his lineage back 
to the clans of MacBain, Cameron and Grant. He was the only child 
of William and Mary (Rose) Anderson. His father was for many 
years a manufacturer of fine paints in New York City, and, though 
not college bred, was a man of wide reading, of considerable culture, 
much refinement and notable courtesy. His mother was a woman of 
positive but lovable character, not intellectual in her tastes, but 
strong in moral and spiritual influence, 

Joseph Anderson was born at Broomton, Easter Boss, December 
16th, 1836. He came to America with his parents in his sixth year, 
and lived for several years in Delaware County, New York, and at 
Astoria, Long Island. Much of his boyhood was spent in healthy, 
out-of-door sports. He was exceptionally robust and active, fond of 
play and of manual exercise, and was at the same time a precocious 
pupil. He inclined naturally to books and study, and his scholarly 
tastes were heartily encouraged by his parents. A Puritanic uncle 
drilled him in the Scriptures and at five years of age he read the 
Bible fluently. Among the other influential and helpful books of 
his boyhood were Bunyan's " Pilgrim's Progress," a history of the 
martyrs and heroes of Scotland, entitled " Witnesses for the Truth," 
and a story by Catherine Sedgwick, entitled " The Poor Rich Man and 
the Rich Poor Man." At the age of thirteen he removed from As- 
toria to New York City and entered one of its public schools, to pre- 
pare for the College of the City of New York. He was admitted to 
that institution in 1850, when it was still known as the Free Academy, 
and was graduated in 1854 as valedictorian of his class. Three years 
later he delivered the Master's oration and received his M.A. degree. 
He studied theology at the Union Theological Seminary, and was 

150 



i^r?^',, ^'^^-^v 




(1 




'W 



ItU^ LCwcIc/v 



^-tA^ 



JOSEPH ANDERSON. 161 

graduated in 1857. In 1878 Yale College conferred upon him the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity, and in 1884 he was elected a 
Fellow of the Yale Corporation. 

When Mr. Anderson was licensed to preach, he was but little 
more than twenty years of age. After finishing his seminary course 
he returned to his Alma Mater for a year as tutor in Greek and Latin, 
He began his ministry in 1858 in the First Church in Stamford, 
Connecticut. In 1861 he became pastor of the First Church in Nor- 
walk, commencing his work there on the first Sunday of the Civil 
War and continuing it until September, 1864. In 1865, he was called 
to the First Church in Waterbury, where he fulfilled the various du- 
ties of a pastor and a citizen for forty years. Having given notice 
of his intention a year beforehand, he resigned his pastorate on the 
fortieth anniversary of his settlement, and after a winter in Porto 
Kico, where he has a son residing, took up his residence in Woodmont, 
a summer colony of which he was the pioneer thirty-one 3'ears before. 
By vote of the church and society he was made " pastor emeritus." 

In 1859 Mr. Anderson married Anna Sands Gildersleeve, daugh- 
ter of T. J. Gildersleeve of New York, and of the five children born 
to them two are now living. 

Such is the history of Dr. Anderson's life in meagre outline. 
To give account of his mental activity, of his work in the ministry, 
and his part in the intellectual and religious life of the day would in- 
vest the bare facts here recounted with living and intense interest 
and reveal to some extent the mind and purpose of the man. As a 
scholar Dr. Anderson is versatile, thorough and original. His in- 
terests are wide and his learning extended, but he has given especial 
attention to history and philology, selecting as his particular field of 
research the ethnology, archceology, and the languages of the American 
Indians. For some years these studies occupied most of his spare 
hours, and they were not fruitless of results. Some of his work has 
been crystallized into literature, and is stored up in various pam- 
phlets and journalistic articles, as well as in larger books. Among the 
books of which he was the editor and largely the author are " The 
Town and City of Waterbury " in three volumes, " The Churches of 
Mattatuck," and several volumes of local interest, all characterized 
by charm of style and accuracy of detail. His intellectual interests 
and activities have made him a member of the American Social 
8 



152 JOSEPH ANDERSON. 

Science Association, the American Antiquarian Society, the American 
Philological Association, the American Historical Association, the 
Connecticut Historical Society, and the Mattatuck Historical Society 
of Waterbury, of which he is vice-president and curator. 

As a clergj'raan and preacher Dr. Anderson wins distinc- 
tion parallel to that of his scholarship. In creed he is a liberal 
Congregationalist, having been among the first of the New Eng- 
land ministers to espouse and advocate the so-called New Theology, 
when it required courage to do so. He has also done good 
work in behalf of Christian union and church federation, leading 
a movement in 1885 and 1886 to establish the American Congress of 
Churches. His headship of a large and influential church for forty 
successive years is the best tribute to his success as a minister and his 
ability as a preacher and parish worker. His missionary zeal is one 
of his most forceful and effective qualities. During his seminary 
days he spent a vacation of three months as a Sunday School mis- 
sionary in Northern Illinois, traveling on foot more than a thousand 
miles. He was president of the Connecticut Bible Society for twenty 
years — from May, 1884, to May, 1904, and a director of the Mis- 
sionary Society of Connecticut for more than thirty years. He is also 
a corporate member of the American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions. In 1891 he was a delegate to the International 
Congregational Council in London. He believes that "the church 
in its plea for ' higher things ' has confined itself too much to emo- 
tional and ecclesiastical religion, and that in its work for men it must 
learn to include both the ethical and the esthetic elements." 

Though so greatly occupied with scholarly and ministerial in- 
terests Dr. Anderson is a man of earnest public spirit and has al- 
ways taken a keen and active interest in the development of the mu- 
nicipal life of his city. He was for several years a member of the 
Waterbury Board of Education and an active school visitor. Since 
transferring his residence to Woodmont he has been thrice elected 
warden of that borough. In national politics he usually votes the 
Republican ticket, but at the same time declares himself a free trader. 
Throughout his ministry he has found his chief recreation from parish 
cares and intellectual labor in boating and in walking and in tbe cul- 
tivation of flowers and shrubs on his three-acre lawn on the shore of 
Long Island Sound. 



JOSEPH ANDEBfiON. 



153 



In the fulness of his years Dr. Anderson reviews his fruitful life 
in these words : " Throughout my ministry, I aimed too much at 
breadth, at a rounded culture, at influence through divers lines of 
action, to produce so positive an impression as some ministers have 
produced in their special parishes. In this respect I am not very 
modem or very American, but I do not regret the course I have pur- 
sued. A clergyman should be broader than the largest parish. I 
am more and more impressed with the materialism, the overwhelming 
secularism of our time and its baleful influence on our American life. 
It is the task of the ministry to counteract it. Sound ideals must 
be spiritual and social, not merely commercial." Dr. Anderson has 
attained in full measure that " rounded culture " of which he speaks, 
and the influence he has exerted in fostering not only sound " spirit- 
ual and social ideals" but intellectual ideals as well, has been by no 
means insignificant. Unconfined by parish bounds, it is likely to be 
as lasting in effect as it has been broad in its scope. 



EDWARD GAYLORD BOURNE 

BOUENE, EDWARD GAYLORD, PhD., professor of history at 
Yale University, was born in Strykersville, Wyoming County, 
New York, on June 24th, 1860. The first of the family name 
in America was Richard Bourne who, coming from England, settled in 
Sandwich, Mass., about 1635. He was a missionary to the Marshpee 
Indians. Professor Bourne's father was the Rev. James Russell 
Bourne, a Congregational clergyman who begot in his sons a strong 
desire for scholarly attainments. His mother was Isabella Graham 
(Staples) Bourne, a worthy guide in both the intellectual and spirit- 
ual and moral life of her children. 

Edward's life in the small country village afforded opportuni- 
ties for robust development and to learn what toil meant. Early 
evincing a scholarly turn of mind, he was encouraged to look forward 
to a college education, and after passing through the Norwich Free 
Academy at Norwich, Connecticut, he entered Yale in 1879. There 
he supported himself in part, mastering his lessons with an ease that 
gave him the opportunity to do an unusual amount of outside reading 
and enabled him to take high rank in the class of 1883, with which he 
was graduated. His interest in economics and history led him to take 
a graduate course in these subjects at Yale, which he continued from 
1883 to 1888, teaching there the last three years of that period. In 
1892 he received the degree of Ph.D. 

He was lecturer on political science and instructor in history in 
Yale College from 1886 to 1888. Then he went to Adelbert Col- 
lege, where he was instructor in history, from 1888 to 1890. In 
the latter year he was promoted to full professorship. His work having 
been followed by the faculty of his Alma Mater and having been 
crowned with success both as a scholar and as an instructor, he was 
recalled to Yale in 1905 and was given the chair of history which he 
continues to hold. His class-room work and his occasional writings 
bear evidence of patience, thoroughness and painstaking care in mi- 
nutest detail. 

154 



EDWARD GAYLORD BOURNE. 155 

Professor Bourne has been president of the New England His- 
tory Teachers' Association and chairman of the Historical Manuscripts 
Commission of the American Historical Association. He is corres- 
ponding member of the Massachusetts Historical Society and is a mem- 
ber of the American Antiquarian Society. 

In politics he is an independent Democrat. His religious faith 
is Congregational. For recreation he turns to bicycling, swimming, 
and boating. 

He married Miss Annie Thomson Nettleton of Stolkbridge, 
Mass., on July 17th, 1895. They have had five children, all of whom 
are living. Their home is at No. 73 Mansfield Street, New Haven. 

Professor Bourne's writings include : " The History of the Sur- 
plus Revenue of 1837" (1885); "Essays on Historical Criticisms" 
(1901); "Historical Introduction to 'The Philippine Islands'" 
(1903); "Spain in America" (1904). He is editor of Wolley's 
" A Two Years' Journal in New York," Fournier's " Napoleon I," 
Eoscher's " Spanish Colonial System," The Chase Papers, " Original 
Narratives of Columbus and Cabot," and of " The Voyages and Ex- 
plorations of Champlain," translated by his wife, Annie Nettleton 
Bourne. He also edited and in part translated " The Narratives of 
De Soto." Also, he is co-editor of the " Yale Review." 



JUSTUS A. TRAUT 

TRAUT, JUSTUS A., the New Britain inventor and manufact- 
urer, was born in Potsdam, Germany, in 1840. 

His father, F. A. Traut, was also an inventor who rapidly 
acquired a large fortune through his highly successful wood veneering 
machine, and lived on a large estate near Berlin in Mr. Traut's early 
youth. Later, during the revolutionary year 1848, he was obliged 
to sell his estate and removed with his family to Berlin, where Justus 
A. received his education in the Berlin Gymnasium. He completed 
the course at the early age of fourteen, and though the youngest in 
his class, he received high honors. 

Meanwhile his father, eager to resume his trade, emigrated to 
America, and his son followed him in 1854. Father and son became 
identified with the firm of Hall and Knapp of New Britain as 
designers and contractors. When the firm in 1856 was absorbed with 
the others into the Stanley Rule and Level Company, Justus A. Traut 
became connected with the new organization, and has been connected 
with it for over fifty years. 

Inheriting his father's inventive ability, J. A. Traut has devel- 
oped a positive genius for the invention and perfection of carpenters' 
t-ools which have made the Stanley Rule and Level Company famous. 
He has evolved over three hundred patents, mostly on time and labor 
saving tools and devices that are in use all over the world. His 
inventions are conspicuous for their practicability and usefulness 
as well as for their great number and diversity. The majority of 
Mr. Traufs patents are concerned with instruments of precision, 
but he has deviated from this regular line of work, and given the 
world many other articles useful in households and elsewhere, aad 
he can be justly called " the king of inventors in a city of inventions." 
He has been identified with other manufacturing concerns as director, 
and he established the Traut and Hine Manufacturing Company in 
the year 1888, which has developed into one of the most prosperous 

156 





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A-<^ 



0. ^ 




JUSTUS A. TRAUT. 159 

firms in that line of business during the short time of its establish- 
ment. 

During the fifty years that Mr. Traut has been a resident of New- 
Britain, he has been an active and dutiful citizen. He was most 
influential in establishing the New Britain General Hospital, and has 
served on its board since its organization. He has also held various 
town and city oflBces. 

Mr. Traut is a great lover of country life, and his spare time is 
devoted to the study of nature. He is a proud and loyal citizen 
of the United States, and has never regretted his "transplanting 
from German to American soil." He once said, " A man's nationality 
remains part of him always, and this is as it should be. I cannot 
help feeling a double sense of loyalty, as if the roots of my life- 
tree were divided, one-half still growing in the old Vaterland, while 
the other is thriving in the generous atmosphere of this glorious 
republic, and more closely defined in the atmosphere and circle of my 
friends and business associates of a lifetime, in whose midst I hope 
to enjoy many a year of active and therefore happy usefulness." 



EVELYN MILES UPSON 

UPSON, EVELYN MILES, fanner and man of prominence in 
political, religious, and educational affairs in Wolcott, New 
Haven County, Connecticut, where he was born May 7th, 1852, 
is chairman of the Town Eepublican Committee, the holder of many 
local offices, and an ex-representative of several terms' service. He 
is descended from Thomas Upson, who emigrated from England to 
Hartford in 1638, and from Stephen Upson, son of Thomas, who was 
one of the original settlers of Waterbury. Mr. Upson's parents were. 
Miles S. and Mary A. Hough Upson. His father was a farmer who 
held a number of town offices, including those of selectman and 
assessor, and was generally respected for his integrity and executive 
ability. 

In earliest boyhood Evelyn Upson had tasks to perform on his 
father's farm, and he has always been a farmer. He was strong and 
vigorous and did not find the regular work outside of school hours 
irksome or difficult. His education was the simple, fundamental one 
of the district schools of the day, and he learned more lessons from 
actual experience than from text-books. He chose farming as his life 
work not only because he was a farmer's son, to farming bom and 
bred, but because he loved and understood agriculture better than any- 
thing else. 

Outside of the management of his farm Mr. Upson has given his 
time and efforts chiefly to public services. In 1887, 1891, 1893, and 
1901 he was a member of the Connecticut House of Kepresentatives. 
In 1902 he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He is 
the present chairman of the Republican Town Committee, town 
treasurer, assessor, and justice of peace, and chairman of the Town 
School Board, of which he has been a member for over thirty years. 
Since 1886 he has been secretary and treasurer of the Wolcott Agri- 
cultural Society. He joined the Congregational Church at the age of 
fifteen and has been a most active and influential member ever since 

160 



EVELYN MILES UPSON. 161 

that time. For many years he has been Sunday School superin- 
tendent, he is a deacon and is chairman of the Ecclesiastical Society 
Committee. 

Mr. Upson's home is in the town of Plymouth, and his family 
consists of a wife and two children. Mrs. Upson was Elsie S. Lane, 
daughter of Albert N. Lane, whom he married May 24th, 1876. 



HERBERT CLEVELAND WARREN 

WARREX, HERBERT. CLEVELAND, president of the Mer- 
chants' National Bank of New Haven and one of the best 
known bankers of the state, was born in Derby, New Haven 
County, Connecticut, February 5th, 1843. His father was Henry 
Warren, a school teacher and a man of influence and prominence in 
the community. Mr. Warren's mother was Mary A. Clark Warren, 
a woman whose influence upon her son was strong and for his good. 
On both sides Mr. W^arren's ancestry goes back to the sturdy Colonists 
of New England. On his mother's side he is a descendant of George 
Clark, one of the original settlers of Milford, Connecticut, in 1639. 
Another ancestor, Robert Treat, was governor of New Haven Colony 
for thirteen years, and a third, Samuel Peck, was a captain in the 
War of the Revolution. 

Until he was fifteen Mr. Warren attended the public schools of 
the town of Derby, where his early days were spent. Though limited 
as to educational advantages he was naturally studious and a great 
reader. His reading was of a very broad, general nature, and of a 
character which, together with a keen sense of observation, well 
fitted him for success in after life. At fifteen he became a clerk in 
a country store. At the age of twenty he came to New Haven as clerk 
in banking institutions and in 1877 he became associated with 
Alexander McAlister in the banking business established in 1868, 
out of which grew the present house of H. C. Warren & Company, of 
which he is the head. He is also president of the Merchants' National 
Bank and director in several large corporations. He is treasurer 
of the Chamber of Commerce and a member of the New Haven park 
commission. 

Mr. Warren is a Mason, a member of the Union League Club 
and the Quinnipiack Club of New Haven, and the New Haven 
Country Club. In politics he is a consistent Republican and in 
religion he is a Congregationalist. His favorite recreations are 
fishing and travel and he is a great lover of the woods. Mr. Warren 

162 



HERBERT CLEVELAND WARREN 165 

has been twice married. In 1867 he married Helen L. Perkins, who 
died in 1896. In 1900 Mr. Warren married Alice G. Bristol. 

A desire to succeed has actuated Mr. Warren's life from boy- 
hood, and he has been successful as a business man and honored 
as a citizen. He is a modest man, but a keen judge of human nature. 
As a student of the market he is well to the front and for this reason 
is consulted at all times by investors. It is to the possession of these 
qualities that he owes his steady advance among financiers and business 
men. Through frequent business trips abroad he has been able to 
encourage his fondness for travel and to enlarge his experience. 
Though not a public speaker he has a peculiarly persuasive manner in 
presenting his judgment in regard to things he is familiar with, which 
a natural power of close analysis aids. To young Americans he says : 
"Always try to do right, or, as boys used to say, in business as well as 
sport, 'play fair.' " 



TRACY PECK 

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1902. 

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trisr m MathsBsiles c»d TJatm sx Y^l-r ir : :::":' ~^i :z 'jlit :-^~*rit7 
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Tv^-^i ii~-f -- 'iir '-Z -.-'--.. - ^ 7 _- - ;- Cornell TTni^rsTrrr. 



TRACT PECK. 167 

president of the American Philological Association, 1885-6, and di- 
rector of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome in 1898-9. 

Professor Peck has done much to make the study of Latin at- 
tractive to young students and valuable to scholars. With Professor 
Clement L. Smith, of Harvard University, he is editor-in-chief of the 
College Series of Latin Authors, of which twelve volumes have been 
published since 1888; with Professor J. B. Greenough of Harvard, 
he is editor of a College edition of Livy, Books XXI, XXII. Among 
his published papers are : " Latin Pronunciation Practically Con- 
sidered," " The Authorship of the Dialogus de Oratoribus," " Notes 
on Latin Quantity," "Alliteration in Latin," "The Personal Ad- 
dress in Latin Epitaphs," " Cicero's Hexameters." 

Politically he voted with the Eepublican party until the nomi- 
nation of James G. Blaine, since which time he has had no party 
aflBliation. He is a member of the Congregational Church. His 
chief form of exercising is bicycling. 

He married Miss Elizabeth Harriet Hall of Hadleigh, England, 
in Brooklyn, December 22d, 1870. They have had two children, both 
of whom are living. His home is at No. 124 High street, New 
Haven. 



LEWIS BAYLES PATON 

PATON, LEWIS BAYLES, educator and author, professor of 
Old Testament Criticism in the Hartford Theological Sem- 
inary, was bom in New York City, on June 37th, 1864, the 
son of Eobert Lenox Stuart Paton, an importer of upholstery goods, 
and Henrietta Bayles Paton. His earliest known ancestor in this 
country was the Eev. John Prudden who came from Edgerton, York- 
shire, England, to Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 1639, and was after- 
wards a minister in Milford. Another ancestor in Scotland, John 
Paton, a Covenanter, fought Claverhouse's Dragoons with a flail, and 
a third, Benjamin Halsey, was a captain in the Eevolutionary War. 

For the most part Lewis Paton's early youth was spent in Orange, 
New Jersey, Though well, he was not robust, and he preferred read- 
ing to more active pursuits. He prepared for college at the high 
school in Keokuk, Iowa, and then entered the New York University, 
where he was graduated in 1884 with the degree of B.A. Nine years 
later, in 1893, he received the degree of M.A, at the same University, 
and in 1906 the degree of D.D. In 1887 Mr. Payton entered Princeton 
Theological Seminary, where he graduated in 1890. From 1890 to 
1892 he studied at the University of Berlin, Germany, as Hebrew Fel- 
low of Princeton Theological Seminary; and in 1897 he took the de- 
gree of Ph.D. at the University of Marburg, Germany. 

At the end of his first period of study abroad Mr. Paton began 
his work as instructor in Old Testament Criticism at the Hartford 
Theological Seminary. At the end of a year he became associate pro- 
fessor in the same subject. Since 1900 he has been professor of Old 
Testament Exegesis and Criticism at the Seminary. In 1903 and 1904 
he was director of the American School of Oriental Study and Re- 
search in Jerusalem. He is a member of the American Oriental Society, 
the Society of Biblical Literature, the Vorderasiastische Gesellschaft, 
and the Society of Biblical Archaeology. He is the author of " Early 
History of Syria and Palestine," Scribner's, 1901, and of numerous 
articles on Biblical and archaeological research. 

168 



LEWIS BAYLES PATON. 169 

On the thirtieth of December, 1896, Prof. Paton married Suvia 
Davison of Hartford, who died while he was director of the American 
School of Oriental Study, March 20th, 1904. He has one child, a 
daughter, and makes his home in Hartford. In politics Prof. Paton 
is an Independent. He belongs to no fraternal organizations and con- 
fines his interests, outside of church, city, and home, to those institu- 
tions which exist for the promotion of the studies which he makes his 
life work. 



HENRY LUCIUS HOTCHKISS 

HOTCHKISS, HENRY LUCIUS, manufacturer, president of 
the L. Candee Company, and other corporations, and a life- 
long citizen of New Haven, Connnecticut, was born there on 
December 18th, 1843. 

The name of Hotchkiss has been a familiar one in New Haven 
for over two centuries and a half, and it has always stood for prom- 
inence in business affairs and public interests. The first of the fam- 
ily to come to America was Samuel Hotchkiss, who came from Essex 
County, England, to New Haven in 1641. Early in this century Jus- 
tus and his uncle, Eussell Hotchkiss, were prominent lumber mer- 
chants on Long Wharf. Henry and Lucius Hotchkiss, sons of Justus, 
and the former the father of the present Henry Lucius Hotchkiss, 
continued the family business on the wharf until 1850. On Sept. 7th, 
1843, they (Henry and Lucius) entered into a partnership with L. 
Candee as special partners for the manufacture of rubber boots and 
shoes under the Goodyear patent. In 1852 the firm of L. Candee & 
Company was changed to a corporation bearing the same name. In 
February, 1863, Henry Hotchkiss, Mr. Hotchkiss' father, was elected 
president and treasurer of the company. He was a man of great 
leadership in business and financial affairs, and was gifted with excep- 
tional capacity for controlling large enterprises, with remarkable 
sagacity and far-sightedness, and was a man of great use to his fellow 
men. He was president of the New Haven County Bank for twenty- 
one years, and was also president of many corporations. Mr. Hotch- 
kiss' mother was Elizabeth Daggett Prescott, daughter of the senior 
member of the well-known shipping firm of Prescott & Sherman, a 
descendant of John Prescott who came from England to Boston in 
1640. In the same line of descent from him was Colonel William 
Prescott of Bunker Hill fame, and William H. Prescott the historian. 
After a course of study at Hopkins Grammar School, Henry 
Lucius Hotchkiss entered Williston Academy, Easthampton, for the 
purpose of preparing for college, but he was so attracted by the idea 

170 





Sf.^^XITL 



HENRY LUCIUS HOTCHKISS. 17B 

of a business career that he substituted practical experience for 
academic training, and became associated with his father in his 
various interests. From 1860 to 1863 he was paymaster of the New 
London Eailroad, of which his father was trustee, and also assisted 
his father in the management of the United States Pin Company, of 
which he was president. In February, 1863, he was elected secretary 
of L. Candee & Company, and soon after he was made treasurer, 
his father resigning the treasurership, he filling both offices until 
his father^s death in December, 1871, when he was elected president 
in his father's place, and kept the position of treasurer, too, for a 
number of years. 

On November 19th, 1877, the company met with entire loss of 
their property by fire in the busiest season of the year, but through 
Mr. Hotchkiss' able management no time was lost in leasing tem- 
porary factories, and rebuilding the old ones on a much larger and 
finer scale. No industry in New Haven is of greater local benefit, 
or has done more for the city's reputation abroad. Falling in 
with the tendency of the age toward centralization in industrial man- 
agement, the L. Candee Company, in 1892, in common with all the 
other prominent rubber corporations in America, joined the group 
which forms the United States Eubber Company of New Jei-sey, 
though Mr. Hotchkiss is still the head and manager of the internal 
affairs of the company and continues to give it his close personal 
supervision. Mr. Hotchkiss has been a director of the United States 
Eubber Company since its organization, and for the first seven years 
of its existence actively served on the executive committee, retiring 
from that position in 1899 to travel in Europe. 

Since 1871 Mr. Hotchkiss has been president of the Union Trust 
Company of New Haven, succeeding his father in that office, and for 
thirty-one years he has been a director in the National New Haven 
Bank. He is a trustee of the Hopkins Grammar School. Though pa- 
triotic and public-spirited, Mr. Hotchkiss has always avoided public 
offices of a political or civil nature. He has devoted all his time and 
executive ability to the development of the enormous industry 
of which he is the head. It is one of the largest, most modern, and 
representative manufacturing corporations in the country, utilizing 
twelve substantial brick buildings, and employing nearly two thou- 
sand hands. 
9 



174 HENRY LUCIUS HOTCHKISS. 

In February, 1875, Mr, Hotchkiss married Jane Trowbridge, 
daughter of Henry and Mary Webster Southgate Trowbridge. She 
was a lineal descendant of Gov. William Bradford, of Mayflower fame, 
and great-granddaughter of Noah Webster, the lexicographer. She 
died April 20th, 1902, leaving three children: Henry Stuart Hotch- 
kiss, a graduate of Yale Scientific School in the class of 1900, and the 
present vice-president of L, Candee & Company; Helen Southgate, 
married Elisha Ely Garrison, Yale, 1897; and Elizabeth Trowbridge, 
married Carl Brandes Ely, Yale Scientific School, 1900. 



AUGUSTUS JAY DuBOIS 

DUBOIS, PEOFESSOE AUGUSTUS JAY, of Yale Univer- 
sity, who ranks today as one of the foremost science teachers 
in America, has devoted his life to the advancement of indus- 
try by means of providing a clearer understanding of the laws 
which govern mechanics. What this means in a land like ours, 
we have only to contemplate the marvelous progress of the last score 
of years to appreciate, and also to more clearly comprehend the 
country's indebtedness to the patient student. 

Professor DuBois is descended, on his father's side, from Jacques 
DuBois, a sturdy French Huguenot who emigrated from La Bassee, 
Artois, to America in 1675, and on his mother's side from John Jay, 
the first chief justice of the United States and grandfather of John 
Jay, minister to Austria. Chief Justice Jay's granddaughter, Cather- 
ine Helena Jay, married Henry Augustus DuBois, M.D., LL.D., an 
eminent physician and a writer of many pamphlets and contributions 
to the journals of his time which won for him a high place both here 
and abroad. 

Their son, Augustus Jay DuBois, was born in Newton Falls, 
Trumbull County, Ohio, on April 35th, 1849. Though rather delicate 
in his childhood, the youth attained sufficient vigor to support his 
unusual mental activity and to enable him to pursue the study of 
abstruse subjects, for which he early developed a fondness. In this 
formative period, he feels that he is deeply indebted to his mother for 
her share in promoting his intellectual, moral, and spiritual well-being. 
His craving for books could be satisfied only in part by his father's 
extensive library, and he was always reaching out after more. 

Before entering college, he was a pupil in the Hopkins Grammar 
School, French's Preparatory School, and Amos Smith's Preparatory 
School, all well-known New Haven institutions. He was graduated 
from the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale with the degree of Ph.B. 
in 1869. Taking a graduate course there, he won the degree of C.E. 
in 1870 and of Ph.D. in 1873. After this he went abroad and pur- 
sued a course of study in the Mining Academy at Freiberg, Saxony. 

175 



176 AUGUSTUS JAY DUBOIS. 

As his labors had been prompted by a love for teaching as well 
as for investigation and by desire to be of service in this age of 
mining engineering, and mechanical development, he accepted the 
appointment to a professorship in civil and mechanical engineering 
at Lehigh University in 1874. He had been there only two years, 
however, when his Alma Mater summoned him, and from 1876 to the 
present time, his energies have been given to increasing her prestige 
in the scientific world. Till 1884 he was professor of mechanical en- 
gineering in the Scientific School, from that date to the present he 
has been professor of evil engineering. 

He is known in the world at large, not only by the men who have 
come under his instruction, but by a great number of valuable books 
and articles. Some of the more familiar are : " The New Method of 
Graphical Statics " ; the same with " A Short Presentation of the 
Principles of the Subject, for the Use of Engineers " ; " Upon a New 
Theory of the Retaining Wall " ; "A New Theory of the Suspension 
System with Stiffening Truss " ; " The Strains in Framed Struc- 
tures"; "The Early History of the Steam Engine"; "Tables for 
Bridge Engineers " ; " Science and the Supernatural " ; " Science and 
the Spiritual " ; " Formulas for Weights of Bridges " ; " Science and 
Miracle " ; " Science and Immortality " ; " Science and Faith " ; 
" Science and Eeligion " ; " The Elementary Principles of Mechan- 
ics," in three volumes — " Kinematics," " Statics " and " Kimetics " ; 
" The Mechanics of Engineering," in two large volumes — " Mechan- 
ics " and " Structures," and a large number of translations from the 
writings of European scientists. 

He holds membership in the leading scientific societies, as fol- 
lows: The American Society of Civil Engineers, the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Society of Mining En- 
gineers, the American Society for the Advancement of Science, the 
Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, and the Con- 
necticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

He married Miss Adeline Blakesley on June 23d, 1883, and their 
home is at No. 334 Edwards Street, New Haven. 



CEPHAS BRAINERD ROGERS 

R OGEES, CEPHAS BEAINEED, was born in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, December 30th, 1836. His parents, Hervey and 
Elizabeth (Try on) Eogers, moved to Meriden to engage in 
the hotel business when Cephas was thirteen years of age. He was 
the fourth of nine children. His early schooling was obtained in the 
schools of Meriden. He showed in the early years of his boyhood 
that energy and ability which contributed to his future success. He 
was reliable and faithful in all of his youthful undertakings. He 
was accustomed to rise early in the morning to do the chores and 
after school worked in a neighboring tinware factory. Thus he de- 
veloped in his youth all those qualities which are so conspicuous in 
all successful men: namely, perseverance, energy, and systematic 
methods and habits. A better opening soon presented itself and he 
became a clerk in the office of the Meriden Lumber and Coal Com- 
pany. When he was somewhat older he resumed his studies and 
completed his schooling in the Meriden Academy. 

At this time he was engaged as clerk in the New Haven House, 
where he remained until 1863. This hotel was the rendezvous of 
the great men of the state and he had the opportunity of meeting 
many political and military leaders. Here he met Abraham Lincoln 
and was one of the committee of escort to accompany him to Meriden, 
where he delivered one of his great political speeches. Mr. Eogers 
was an enthusiastic Eepublican and his ready speech and wide knowl- 
edge and keen insight into political situations made him an agreeable 
and successful public speaker. He was very much impressed by the 
personality of Mr. Lincoln and he went to Washington to hear his 
first immortal inauguration speech. 

In 1863 Mr. Eogers left the New Haven House to take charge 
of the Wadananock House, a summer hotel, at Stonington, Con- 
necticut, and later became manager of the St. Denis Hotel in New 
York City. He was very successful in both of these enterprises, 
but his health was broken by close confinement and he was obliged 

179 



180 CEPHAS BEAINERD ROGERS. 

to return to Meriden and recuperate. It was during this time that 
the partnership of C. Rogers & Bros, was planned, and it was entered 
upon in February, 1866. His two brothers, Gilbert and Wilbur F., 
were skilled manufacturers of silver plated ware, and there was plenty 
of room in the business world for a new factory in that line. Begin- 
ning in a small factory the industry advanced until it became one 
of the principal establishments of its kind in the country, and their 
spoons, knives, and forks, and other plated ware became known 
throughout the country for quality and beauty of design. After the 
business had been carried on for nearly forty years they sold out to 
the International Silver Company of Meriden, the largest silver 
ware concern in the world, and retired to enjoy the fruits of their 
labor. 

Cephas Rogers is not only a prominent business man, but is 
also well known in social and religious circles. He is a prominent 
Methodist and has always been greatly interested in the First Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church of Meriden. He has served on the official 
board of that church since 1866 and is now president of the board 
of trustees. In this denomination he is well and favorably known. 
In 1888 he was president of the New York East Lay Electoral 
Methodist Conference held in Middletown, Connecticut, and in 1900 
he was a lay delegate to the Methodist General Conference at Chicago. 
In 1904 he was again delegate to the General Conference held in 
Los Angeles, California. He has been a Trustee of Wesleyan 
University of Middletown, Connecticut, for twenty years. He was 
the first subscriber to the additional endowment fund of that Univer- 
sity, heading the list with twenty-five thousand dollars. He has also 
taken much interest in local matters, moral, political, and financial. 
He is a director in the First National Bank of Meriden and a trustee 
of the City Savings Bank, For six years he was a valued member 
of the City Council. In 1880 he made a business trip to Europe in 
connection with their branch house in London. 

In 1870 Mr. Rogers was married to Margaret, daughter of Dr. 
Peter F. and Anna (Goodwin) Clark of New York City. Mrs. 
Rogers is also prominent in the Church and is highly esteemed in 
the society of Meriden. Mrs. Rogers is a member of the Susan Car- 
rington Clark Cliapter, D. A. R. Their home is the Rogers home- 
stead, which is beautifully located on North Colony street. A 



CEPHAS BBAINERD ROGERS. 181 

new honor has lately come to Mr. Kogers which adds to the already 
long list. He has been elected to membership in the National G'eo- 
graphical Society at Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Eogers is much interested in his family history and may 
justly be proud of it. He is descended directly from James Kogers, 
a lineal descendant of John Eogers, who suffered martyrdom in the 
reign of Queen Mary in the year 1555. On the maternal side Cephas 
is, in the ninth generation, descended from John Alden and Priscilla 
Mullins of the Mayflower. James Eogers came to this country in 
1635 in the ship Increase, when he was twenty years of age. He 
stopped for a time at Stratford, Connecticut, and there he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Eowland. A little later he moved 
to Milford, where he and his wife became interested in the church. 
In 1637 he was one of six men from Saybrook, who, under Captain 
John Underbill, took part in the Pequot War. In 1660 he moved 
to New London, Connecticut, where he became prosperous and in- 
fluential in church and colonial affairs. He was sent seven times 
as Eepresentative to the General Court between 1662 and 1673, and 
at one time was Speaker of the House. Ichabod Eogers of New 
London, Connecticut, grandfather of Cephas, was a soldier in the 
War with England in 1813, and his great-grandfather, Ichabod Eogers, 
was a soldier in the Eevolutionary War. 



RICHARD ANSON WHEELER 

WHEELER, EICHARD ANSON, the late " Grand Old Man 
of Stonington," farmer, judge of probate, historian, gen- 
ealogist, legal adviser, writer, public speaker, and in all 
Avays an influential and useful citizen of Stonington, New London 
County, Connecticut, was bom there January 29th, 1817, and died 
there April 6th, 1904, when a life of unusual activity, fruitfulness and 
inspiration was closed on earth. He was the only son of Richard and 
Mary (Hewitt) Wheeler, through both of whom he was descended 
from a long and distinguished line of ancestors, including men of 
marked prominence in the making of American history — soldiers, 
government officials, and public men of many types. Thomas 
Wheeler, a native of England, came to Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1635 
and was the founder of the Wheeler family in America. William 
Cheseborough, another early ancestor, came from Lincolnshire, Eng- 
land, with the Winthrop Company in 1630, was the first white resi- 
dent of Stonington and was a deputy to the General Courts of both 
Massachusetts and Connecticut. Thomas Hewitt, an early maternal 
ancestor, was a sea-farer who commanded a vessel in the Mystic 
River in 1656 and was an early landowner in Stonington. John 
Gallup, another noteworthy progenitor, came from England to Massa- 
chusetts in 1630 and in 1636 took part in the fight with the Pequot 
Indians off Block Island, called the first naval battle on the Atlantic 
Coast, and his son. Captain John Gallup, was killed in the Great 
Swamp Fight in 1676. Still another prominent ancestor of the 
same period was Thomas Stanton, Interpreter General during the 
Indian hostilities, while another, George Denison, was a deputy to 
the General Court of Connecticut for fifteen sessions and, as captain 
of the Connecticut forces in King Philip's War and a fighter in a 
number of other encounters with the Indians, was a soldier of unusual 
distinction. 

Soldierly blood has always run in the veins of Judge Wheeler's 
ancestors and his father was a captain of militia as well as a farmer. 
From him the son inherited traits of generosity, hospitality and gentle- 

182 



EICHABD ANSON WHEELEE. 183 

ness as well as a keen interest in military tactics. From his mother 
he inherited many Christian graces and the mental alertness that re- 
vealed itself in his keen legal and judicial ability, in his accuracy and 
aptness as a historian and in his humor and eloquence as a public 
speaker and conversationalist. He was reared on the farm tilled by 
his ancestors for several generations and as he was strong, robust, 
and vigorous he had plenty of hard manual labor. He loved to read 
as well as to play boys' games and he perused history, poetry, law 
books, biographies, and the daily papers with great eagerness and ap- 
preciation. His education was the limited one of the common schools 
of the time, supplemented by a three months' course at a private school 
in Old Mystic when he was seventeen. He was anxious for a college 
education, but felt it his filial duty to remain at home because of his 
father's ill health. At eighteen he was chosen sergeant of the 6th 
Company of the 8th Kegiment, 3d Brigade, Connecticut Militia, and 
two years later he became captain of that company. He served with 
great credit for three years, at the end of which he was honorably dis- 
charged from military service. 

At the close of his military service Kichard A. Wheeler settled 
down on the home farm where so many hours of his youthful labors 
had been spent and where the foundations of his rugged health and 
industrious habits had been laid. He remained a farmer of the 
most solid and prosperous type the rest of his long life, but never to 
the exclusion of public service and mental activity. He was inter- 
ested in education, religion, politics, and all social problems and he 
was both a magnetic leader and a faithful servant in public life. He 
was a member of the Stonington board of education for fifteen years, 
selectman and assessor for several terms each, representative in the 
General Assembly in 1851, judge of probate for twenty-three years, 
justice of peace for forty years, notary public for fifty-five years and 
high sheriff of New London County for twelve years. Though 
he never desired or obtained admission to the Bar he acquired a 
thorough legal knowledge and was considered an authority on all 
matters of probate. He wrote over six hundred and fifty wills and 
settled scores of estates. At the time of his death he was president of 
the Stonington Savings Bank, which office he had held for twelve 
years. In politics he was a steadfast and active supporter of the Ee- 
publican party. In creed he was a Congregationalist and was the 



184 RICHARD ANSON WHEELER. 

oldest in age and membership of the First Congregational Church 
of Stonington. He was clerk and a member of the standing committee 
of that Church for sixty-six years and he made a conscientious study 
of the history of the Church and parish resulting in a three hundred 
page volume, published in 1875, called " The History of the First 
Congregational Church of Stonington." He also wrote historical 
sketches of a number of other churches in New London County, 
Indeed it is as a historian and genealogist that Judge Wheeler's 
name is most widely known and will be perpetuated long after those 
fortunate enough to have known him personally pass away. In 1900 
he published his " History of the Town of Stonington " containing 
careful genealogies of eighty-seven families. Many addresses which 
he made at public and patriotic gatherings have been published in 
pamphlet form and have become a part of the local history of his 
county. He was the author of a history of the Pequot Indians and 
of a most interesting paper called " Memories " written at the request 
of the New London Historical Society and published at the very time 
of his death. He was at one time president of the Connecticut His- 
torical Society and he was a member of similar societies in Buffalo, 
Tennessee, and of the Pawtucket Valley, the New London County 
Historical Societies and was tendered membership in the Koyal His- 
torical Society of London, England. His mind was a storehouse of 
historical and genealogical information, the result of painstaking 
study and keen interest. 

Judge Wheeler was twice married — in 1843 to Frances M. 
Avery and in 1856 to Lucy A. Noyes, who died October 27th, 1905, 
Three daughters, Mrs. Henry Tyler, Mrs. Seth N. Williams, and Miss 
Grace D. Wheeler, survive him. Though he had no sons he was the 
popular adviser and comrade of young men, to whom he was a constant 
example of cheerfulness, courtesy, unselfishness, modesty, integrity, 
and industry, fittingly called the " Grand Old Man of Stonington." 
The purity of his principles, the soundness of his mind and the 
sweetness of his character are best revealed in the advice which he 
himself followed so admirably. " Be a Christian. Love your home 
and country, cultivate habits of industry and perseverance, study to 
strengthen and enrich your mind. Take an interest in those about 
you and do them good. Use your money in right and proper ways 
and enjoy each day of life." 



EDWARD LEWIS CURTIS 

CURTIS, PROFESSOR EDWARD LEWIS, of the Yale Divinity 
School, has attained his high position among the scholars of 
the country by his diligent study along the line he early 
mapped out for himself. It can be said of him that no moments have 
been wasted; as soon as he was old enough to exercise his own judg- 
ment as to his course of study and work, he found that it coincided 
exactly with the ambition of his parents and for which his boyhood 
and reading had been preparing him. It was with the decided ad- 
vantage, then, and with excellent facilities, that he approached the 
greater field of study and research. 

His father was William Stanton Curtis, a man whose moral ear- 
nestness and catholicity of spirit marked his career as professor at 
Hamilton College, New York, and subsequently as president of Knox 
College, at Galesburg, Illinois. He was a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Curtis, who came from England to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where 
he died in 1681. The professor's mother is Martha Leach Curtis, a 
descendant of John Alden of Plymouth Colony, who came over in the 
Mayflower in 1620 — " speak for yourself, John." Her strong charac- 
ter had pronounced influence on the intellectual, moral and spiritual 
life of her son. 

Professor Curtis was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, October 13th, 
1853. Passing his early days in small cities, he was accustomed to do 
such small " chores " as fall to the lot of the children of wise parents — 
like caring for a horse and working in the garden — gaining thereby 
habits of industry and, above all, sympathy with people obliged to 
perform manual labor. There was plenty of time for baseball and 
football, though his special fondness was for the books in his father's 
well-stocked library. 

His reading began to take more definite form when he entered 
the preparatory department of Knox College, and later the Free 
Academy at Elmira, New York. For two years he studied at Beloit 
College, Wisconsin, after which he was graduated at Yale in the class 

185 



186 EDWAED LEWIS CURTIS. 

of 1874. After teaching two years in Illinois and North Carolina, he 
entered the Union Theological Seminary, New York, in 1876, where 
he was graduated in the class of 1879 and received a fellowship en- 
abling him to study two years abroad which he spent in Germany, 
taking three semesters at the University of Berlin. 

On his return from Berlin in 1881, he was appointed instructor 
in Old Testament literature in the McCormick Theological Seminary 
in Chicago. This was the beginning of his professional career. After 
teaching ten years in Chicago in 1891, he was called to Yale, where 
he now holds the chair of Holmes professor of the Hebrew Language 
and Literature in the Divinity School. For many years previous to 
1891, he was a member and minister of the Presbyterian Church, but 
since then he has been a Congregationalist. He received the honorary 
degree of Ph.D. from Hanover College, Indiana, in 1886, and the 
degree of D.D. from Yale in 1891. 

He married Miss Laura Elizabeth Ely, daughter of the Rev. B. E. 
S. Ely, D.D., of Ottumwa, Iowa, on April 27th, 1882. They have 
had four children, Elizabeth C, Margaret M., Edward Ely, and Laura 
Dorothea, all of whom are living. Their home is at No. 61 Trumbull 
street, New Haven. 

Professor Curtis, when asked what suggestions he could offer 
to young Americans out of his own experience, as to the principles, 
methods, and habits which would contribute most to the strengthening 
of sound ideals and would be of most help in attaining true success, 
replied : " I would emphasize two principles — first, regard for the 
advice of elders, especially parents, and second, the habit of availing 
one's self of opportunities for usefulness, and thus doing ' more than 
might have been expected of one.' " 



WILLIAM HENRY PRESCOTT 

PEESCOTT, WILLIAM HENRY, vice-president of the United 
States Envelope Company and member of its executive com- 
mittee, with office in Springfield, Massachusetts, was born in 
Loudon, New Hampshire, August 12th, 1840. He is the son of 
Abram Perkins Prescott, born in Hampton Falls, and Nancy Martin 
Prescott of Loudon, New Hampshire. Abram P. Prescott was a 
man of sterling worth and cheerful disposition. Modest and unas- 
suming, he was respected by all who knew him. His wife was a true 
helpmeet, a woman of great force of character, resolute will and ac- 
customed to look on the bright side of life. She was a devoted mother 
and home-maker. Of the seven children born to them, only two are 
left, Charles Blake Prescott of Holyoke, Massachusetts, and the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

Without attempting to trace the lineage of the Prescotts back 
of the time of Queen Elizabeth, it may be said that the Prescotts 
were an ancient famil}^ in the town of Prescott, in the County of 
Lancaster, England. The American ancestor was James Prescott, who 
came from Dryby, County of Lincolnshire, England, in 1665, and 
settled in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. He married Mary, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Grace Boulter of Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1668. 

William H. Prescott joined the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion through his ancestor, James Prescott, who was a captain in the 
militia and lieutenant in the Revolutionary army. He was in Abram 
Drake's regiment operating against Burgoyne, and served from Sep- 
tember 8th to December, 1777. It is probable that Drake's regiment 
formed a part of the army with which General Gates achieved his 
great victory. 

The early days of W. H. Prescott were passed on a farm in New 
Hampshire. When ten years old he removed to Holyoke, Massachu- 
setts, then a small village, where he attended the common schools. 
After he was fifteen he worked morning and evening for Mr. R. B. 

189 



190 WILLIAM HENEY PRESCOTT 

Johnson and attended the high school. At the age of eighteen he left 
school, but remained in Mr. Johnson's employ two years. 

In 1860 he accepted a position as accountant with White & 
Corbin, envelope manufacturers, in Eockville, Connecticut. In 1865 
he organized the firm of Prescott, Plimpton & Company for the 
manufacture of envelopes in Hartford, Connecticut. At the expira- 
tion of a year he sold out his interest to Mr. Linus B. Plimpton, who 
then organized the Plimpton Manufacturing Company, still promi- 
nent in the business. Mr. Prescott returned to Eockville and was 
made one of the new firm of White, Corbin & Company. When 
the firm was incorporated Mr. Prescott was chosen vice-president and 
treasurer. Four years later he was made general manager, retaining 
this office twenty-eight years. During that time the business grew 
from a small beginning to be one of the largest and most success- 
ful envelope manufactories in the country. In August, 1898, this 
company was one of the ten which formed the United States 
Envelope Company and Mr. Prescott was elected vice-president 
and a member of the executive committee. On the death of Mr. 
Cyrus White, the senior member of the firm of White, Corbin & 
Company, Mr. Prescott was appointed an executor and trustee under 
his will. He also filled the position of president and treasurer of 
The White Manufacturing Company for fourteen years, and until 
the recent closing of its business and final settlement of the White 
estate. 

He was also one of the incorporators of the Columbia Paper 
Company of Buena Vista, Virginia, and of The Norman Paper 
Company of Holyoke, Massachusetts, and one of the original incor- 
porators of the Hartford Manufacturing Company and a director 
from its beginning until the present time. Besides his relations to 
these large manufacturing interests, Mr. Prescott has been called 
to fill various other positions of honor and trust. He is a director 
in the First National Bank of Eockville, president of the Eockville 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, president of the People's Savings 
Bank of Eockville, a director in the Eockville Water and Aqueduct 
Company, one of the trustees of the Eockville Public Library Asso- 
ciation, and one of the trustees of the George Sykes fund for the pro- 
posed manual training school. 

Mr. Prescott's political affiliations are with the Eepublican party. 



WILLIAM HENRY PRESCOTT 191 

He was chosen an alternate delegate to the National Convention at 
St. Louis and has served not only on the town committee but on the 
State central committee. For many years he was one of the auditors 
of town accounts. He has always taken an active interest in measures 
tending to promote the public welfare. 

In 1879 Mr. Prescott, with others, built the Citizens Block in 
Kockville. Prescott Block, in which is the new post office, the finest 
business edifice in the city, was erected in 1901, He is also largely 
interested in other real estate besides the beautiful home in which his 
family have spent nineteen years. 

From its organization he has been a sustaining member of the 
Ecclesiastical Society of the Union Congregational Church and 
previous to that of the First Congregational Church. 

Mr. Prescott finds relaxation and pleasure in his visits to his 
beautiful farm on the borders of Lake Snipsic, where he gives much 
attention to the breeding of Jersey cattle. In December, 1865, W. H. 
Prescott married Miss Celia Ellen Keeney, daughter of Francis and 
Eliza Porter Keeney, of Eockville. Two children have been bom 
to them, Francis Keeney Prescott and Eliza Porter Prescott. Francis 
Keeney Prescott, in September, 1897, married Miss Annie Rich, of 
Eockville. They have three children, William Henry Prescott, second ; 
Celia Keeney Prescott, and Lucy Martin Prescott. In December, 
1897, Eliza Porter Prescott became the wife of Thomas Southworth 
Childs of Holyoke, Massachusetts. Two sons have been bom to 
them, Prescott Childs and Benjamin Willis Childs. 



JOHN COLEMAN ADAMS 

ADAMS, JOHN COLEMAN, author and clergyman, was born 
in Maiden, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, October 25th, 
1849. He was the son of John Greenleaf Adams and Mary 
Hall (Barrett) Adams. 

Mr. Adams comes from a line of distinguished ancestors, — 
men who were prominent actors in the stirring scenes of the coloniza- 
tion period of this country. Among them was John Alden of the May- 
flower, and the brave and gallant Colonel James Barrett, who com- 
manded the militia at Concord Bridge. Henry Adams, of Braintree, 
Massachusetts, was the first of the family to settle in America. Mr. 
Adams' father was a clergyman, and while he never held public office 
of prominence, his vigorous preaching, combined with a winning per- 
sonality, caused him to exercise an undoubted influence in economic 
as well as church affairs of his state and community. Mr. Adams' 
mother died when he was very young, and he has felt the loss of her 
gentle companionship and counsel throughout his life. 

He spent a healthy and happy childhood in the different cities 
where his father's pastorates happened to be; doing his share of 
work about the home and learning of practical affairs by every-day 
experience. His recreation was taken in boyish sports and in reading. 
The books which helped him during the years in which he was laying 
the foundation of his character and future success — books which 
are still an inspiration — were Samuel Smiles' " Self Help," Emer- 
son's " Essays," and Robertson's " Sermons." 

Mr. Adams' education, after primary courses in the graded 
schools of Massachusetts and the Lowell High School, was acquired in 
Tufts College. He was graduated from that college in 1870, and from 
its Divinity School in 1872, from the former with the degree of A.B. 
In 1884, after having been out of school for twelve years, he took a 
course in history and meteorology which again earned an A.M. degree. 
In 1888 an honorary degree of S.T.D. was conferred on Mr. Adams 



192 



JOHN COLEMAN ADAMS. 193 

by his Alma Mater. He has been an enthusiastic worker for Tufts 
College since he entered it as a student more than a quarter of a 
century ago, and is at present one of its trustees, having served in 
this capacity since 1880. 

The personal wishes of Mr, Adams, coinciding with those of his 
father and family, caused him to decide on a theologian's career; 
and in 1872, in the pulpit of the Universalist Church of Newtonsville 
(now Newton), Massachusetts, he preached his first sermon. Here 
he continued for eight years, going in 1880 to a church in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, where he remained for four years. From 1884 until 
1890 he occupied a pulpit in Chicago, Illinois, coming to his present 
pastorate, the Church of the Redeemer, Universalist, in Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 1901. He has been a trustee of the Universalist Gen- 
eral Convention since 1880. 

Aside from his mark as a clergyman and a man of broad culture 
and interests, Mr. Adams is well known as an author. He has pub- 
lished five books ; " The Leisure of God," " The Fatherhood of God," 
" Christian Types of Heroism," " Nature Studies in Berkshire," and 
the "Life of WiUiam Hamilton Gibson." His style in writing is 
simple and direct, and has an undeniable charm, Mr. Adams is a 
member of the Authors' Club, of New York City, one of the most 
exclusive clubs in the country. 

In politics he is now independent, but was formerly a member of 
the Eepublican party. In the memorable campaign of 1884, when 
Blaine was nominated by the Republicans, Mr. Adams was one of 
the hundreds of thinking men who left the party rather than do 
violence to their principles. He has never allied himself with any 
party since that time, preferring an independent judgment. 

With all the work necessary to keep up his various interests, 
social and professional, Mr. Adams finds time for much recreation 
out of doors. While he has never taken up any of the forms of 
athletics as a fad, he is fond of walking, bicycling, golfing, boating, 
and swimming, and in this way preserves an excellent standard of 
health, and is as much at home among the young people of his 
congregation as with its older members. 

On July 18th, 1883, Mr, Adams married Miriam P. Hovey, and 
three children have been bom of the union, all now living, 

10 



WILLIAM BUTLER 

BUTLER, WILLIAM, merchant and bank president of Eockville, 
Tolland County, Connecticut, was bom in Wethersfield, Hart- 
ford County, Connecticut, May 7th, 1823. The first American 
ancestor of the Butler family came from England and settled in 
Wethersfield in the latter part of the seventeenth century. Mr. Butler's 
father was Jason Butler, a builder and farmer, who died when his son 
was but a year old. Mr. Butler's mother was Martha Woodhouse 
Butler, a noble woman with a strong influence on her son's moral and 
mental life. 

Young Mr. Butler was a healthy, active boy, and his youth, spent 
in the town of Wethersfield, was a busy one. He worked on the farm, 
and in the garden when he was not at school. He was educated at the 
public schools of Wethersfield, and graduated from the Wethersfield 
Academy. In 1840 he began work in Hartford, and left there to 
become a merchant in Rockville in 1847. The following year, March 
1st, he was married to Jane Maria Marvin, daughter of Ira K. and 
Julia Young Marvin, of Tolland, Connecticut. Of the four children 
bom of this union but one is now living. 

Mr. Butler continued in the mercantile business, and with what 
success his various positions show. He is director in the New Eng- 
land Company, in the American Mills Company, as well as in the 
Eockville Fire Insurance Company. He is also president and director 
of the Savings Bank of Eockville, and vice-president and director of 
the First National Bank of Rockville. 

In politics Mr. Butler is a Republican. His first ballot was cast 
for Henry Clay, and he has voted for every candidate for president of 
the Whig and Republican parties ever since. He has served his town 
as selectman and assessor. In creed Mr. Butler is a Baptist. As a 
business man Mr. Butler has been highly successful, and that his 
townsmen have recognized his worth his many important positions in 
industrial and financial institutions bear testimony. 



196 



LEVI NELSON CLARK 

CLARK, LEVI NELSON, fanner and insurance man, former 
state representative, grand Juror, selectman, and delegate to 
the Constitutional Convention of 1902, as well as a leader in 
fraternal affairs, of South Canterbury, Windham County, Connecti- 
cut, was born in Brooklyn, Windham County, Connecticut, September 
6th, 1863. On both branches of his ancestral tree he is of English stock. 
His father, Francis Clark, was bom in England and came to America 
in 1836. He was a tanner and currier by occupation and a man of 
strong Christian character. Mr. Clark's mother was Sarah M. 
Heath Clark, a granddaughter of Levi Chapman, who served in the 
Revolution. 

As his father died when he was but twelve years old Levi Clark 
learned lessons of responsibility at an early age. His mother carried 
on the farm, and he worked early and late to help her. He pre- 
ferred farming to any other occupation, and read agricultural books 
and papers with great interest and zeal. His education was limited 
to the graded schools in Brooklyn and terminated when he was very 
young. At nineteen, that is in 1882, he married Carrie E. Larkham, 
and in the fall of that year he settled in Canterbury as a farmer. 
The following year he bought the farm on which he still lives. Be- 
sides farming he has been interested in insurance and has been the 
successful agent of leading makers of farming implements and fer- 
tilizers. Of late years poor health has obliged him to give his atten- 
tion to less vigorous work than farming. He has held many public 
oflBces, including those of selectman, grand juror, member of the board 
of relief, census taker, delegate to the Constitutional Convention,. 
1902, state representative, and also assessor. During his membership 
in the House he was clerk of the committee on state prisons and a 
member of the committee on constitutional amendments. 

Mr. Clark is a charter member and was for ten years secretary of 
Canterbury Grange, No. 70, a member and assistant steward and for 
two years overseer of Quinebaug Pomona Grange, and for three years 

197 



198 I^VI NELSON CLARK. 

he was high priest and for one year chief patriarch of Unity Encamp- 
ment. In political faith he is a loyal Republican. Fishing and hunt- 
ing are his favorite outdoor pleasures. His family consists of his 
wife and two daughters, Sarah H. and Bertha M. 

Realizmg the difficulties that a meagre education brings to a man 
starting out in life, Mr. Clark places education as the first essential of 
success. To this he belieyes must be added " a good character and 
steady habits." 



WILLIAM HENRY WATROUS 

WATROUS, WILLIAM HENRY, president, treasurer, and 
owner of the Rogers Cutlery Company, organized January, 
1871, of Hartford, Connecticut, was born in that city on the 
eighteenth day of July, 1841, His father was Rufus Watrous, a 
farmer, who died when his son was but twelve years old. Mr.. 
Watrous's mother was Julia A. Rogers. 

Brought up in his native city, Mr. Watrous received his education 
in the public schools of Hartford. He attended the Arsenal School, 
and went for one year to the Hartford Public High School. From 
his earliest boyhood he evinced a great interest in mechanics, and 
delighted in reading scientific works, especially those on mechanics 
and electricity. At fourteen he began to learn the electroplating 
business in the plating room of the Rogers Brothers' Silver Plating 
Works in Hartford, the "Brothers" being his maternal uncles. This 
choice of a trade was purely personal preference and an outgrowth of 
his early taste for mechanics. 

Immediately upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Mr. Watrous 
enlisted for three months in Rifle Company A, First Regiment, Con- 
necticut Volunteers, under Captain Joseph R. Hawley, the late 
senator. In 1862 he recnlisted for nine months, and was appointed 
first sergeant of Company B, Twenty- Fourth Kegiment, Connecticut 
Volunteers, and was subsequently promoted to the rank of second 
lieutenant, being mustered out in 1864. 

The year following the war, Mr. Watrous became identified with 
the William Rogers Manufacturing Company of Hartford. In 
1869 he removed to Waterbury to take charge of the plating depart- 
ment of the Rogers & Bros. Company there. He returned to Hart- 
ford in 1870 and organized the Rogers Cutlery Company, of which 
he became manager and owner. Meanwhile, besides his Connecticut 
interests, Mr. Watrous had, in 1868, become superintendent of the 
plating department of the Ames Manufacturing Company of Chicopee, 
Massachusetts. From 1879 to 1899 he was half owner and manager 

199 



202 WILLIAM HENRY WATEOUS 

of the William Eogers Company, and from 1890 to 1899 he waa owner 
of the Norwich Cutlery Company, and during part of that period he 
founded and owned part of the Watrous Manufacturing Company of 
Wallingford, Connecticut. Upon the union of the William Rogers 
Company with the Rogers Cutlery Company, Mr. Watrous was made 
president, treasurer, and general manager of the concern. The 
company has an extensive business, and an exceptional reputation 
for selling a better quality of goods than its competitors for the same 
money. It is greatly due to Mr. Watrous's standards and ability 
that this reputation has been won. His great interest in the welfare 
of his employees is another reason for his success as "a captain of 
industry." 

In politics Mr. Watrous is a Republican. He has rendered several 
important public services. In 1894 and 1895 he was a member of the 
Hartford Board of Aldermen. He was a representative in the State 
legislature in 1895-6, and in 1902 he became a member of the Hart- 
ford Board of Water Commissioners. 

Mr. Watrous is a member of the Army and Navy Club of Con- 
necticut, a member and ex-commodore of the Hartford Yacht Club, 
an honorary member of the Second Division, Naval Battalion, and a 
member of the New York and Larchmont Yacht clubs. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, and belongs to the Hartford Lodge F. and A. M. 
He is also a member of the C A. R., and belongs to the R. 0. Tyler 
Post. In religious belief Mr. Watrous is a Methodist. His favorite 
out-of-door amusement is yachting. 

On the twenty-sixth of January, 1893, Mr. Watrous was married to 
Agnes MacFadyen. No children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Watrous. Their home is at 548 Windsor Avenue, Hartford. 

From apprenticeship to presidency and ownership has been Mr. 
Watrous's course in his business life. His steady advance has been the 
natural result of choosing, following, and mastering the business for 
which he was preeminently fit. His success has been as logical and 
deserved as it has been great. 



CHARLES HAROLD DAVIS 

DAVIS, CHARLES HAROLD, one of the most eminent of 
American landscape painters, and the son of James H. 
Davis and Elizabeth L. (CoflBn) Davis, was bom in Ames- 
bury, Essex County, Massachusetts, January 7th, 1856. His father 
was a school teacher and librarian, a great student and a man of simple 
habits. His mother was a woman of artistic temperament and one 
who influenced her son strongly in every way that could make for 
good. On her side Mr. Davis is descended from Tristram Coffin, who 
came from Devonshire, England, in 1642, and settled in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts. 

In early childhood the boy Charles Davis revealed evidences of an 
artistic temperament, and his chief interest was in painting, imagina- 
tive literature, and music. As he grew older, both before and after 
the death of his mother, he spent all his odd moments with the brush 
and painted landscapes which, though crude and immature, showed 
such marked talent that his father deemed it worth while to develop 
that talent After the schooling afforded by the Amesbury High 
School and four years' practical experience in learning the trade of 
carriage body making, which he began at the age of fifteen, his father 
sent him to Boston, in 1876, to study art at the Art Museum School, 
where he won a scholarship and remained for three years. 

In 1880 Mr, Davis went to France and entered Julian Academy, 
Paris, studying imder Lefebre and Boulanger. He remained in 
France ten years and exhibited his paintings in the Salon for the ten 
consecutive years. The growth of his art was natural and steady and 
he was soon recognized as an artist of unusual ability in interpreting 
the moods of nature. His first pictures portrayed nature in her 
quiet and often gloomy moods, and did not, therefore, appeal to the 
popular taste, but they were so natural, so full of feeling and so free 
from violent contrasts and straining for effect that he won a high 
reputation among true critics of art, as the honors which he received 
have proved. He was awarded the Prize Fund gold medal of the 

203 



204 ,., CHARLES HAEOLD DAVIS. 

American Arts Association in 1886, received honorable mention for 
his " Last Eays " in the Salon of 1887, a medal at the Paris Expo- 
sition in 1889 and became Hors Concours at the Paris Salon. 

In 1890 Mr. Davis returned to America with his wife, Angela 
Lagarde Davis, whom he married in 1884, and made his home in 
Mystic, Connecticut, where he has lived ever since and has followed 
with great constancy and success the calling of landscape painter. He 
has studied nature rather than art and has followed no school or 
teacher in his work. In 1894 his painting began to show a more lumi- 
nous style and to have more color and life and less severity and sober- 
ness of sentiment, though he has still clung to the study of the isolated 
corners and rarer moods of nature and has preserved his rare delicacy 
and depth of feeling. His paintings have met with increasing favor 
and he is represented in many distinguished public collections, includ- 
ing the Metropolitan Museum, New York, the Corcoran Grallery, 
Washington, where his well known " Deepening Shadows " is seen, 
the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia, the Art Institute in Chi- 
cago, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburg, the Hartford Athenseum, a public 
collection in Omaha, at the Union League and Lotos Clubs, New 
York, and in many well known private collections throughout the 
country. He has received medals at the Chicago, Atlanta, Buffalo, 
St. Louis, and Paris Expositions and many other prizes of value and 
significance. He is a member of the Copley Society of Boston, of the 
National Academy of Design, and of the Lotos Club, New York. He 
is not now identified with any political body, having left the Republi- 
can party upon the tariff issue. He is a Unitarian in religious belief. 
Outside of his art his chief enjoyment is in music, which he considers 
the ideal diversion. Mr. Davis has been twice married, his second 
wife whom he married in 1900, being Frances Thomas Darby Davis. 
He has two children living, Angele G. and Eobert J. Davis. 

One has only to know Mr. Davis' pictures to know the man and 
to feel in his work the depth of sentiment and the nearness to nature 
that have made his paintings great. The study of his art reveals the 
life principle that made art possible and which he expresses thus: 
" Do the thing you want to do. Aim high and work.'' 



ROLLIN JESSE PLUMB 

PLUMB, EOLLIN JESSE, president and treasurer of the Eagle 
Ijock Company of Terr}'ville, town of Pl3Tnouth, Litchfield, 
Connecticut, was bom in that town, September 13th, 1853, the 
son of Caroline Nancy Brooks Plumb and Eollin Wiard Plumb. The 
Plumbs are of Norman ancestry, the family being found in Normandy 
as early as 1118 and in England in 1272. John Plumb, Mr. Plumb's 
first ancestor in America, came from England to Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and was later one of the first settlers of Wethersfield, in 
1635. He was a member of the General Court in 1637, and in that 
same year was one of Captain Mason's little band of ninety men who 
attacked and defeated the Pequots at Pequot Hill. On his mother's 
side Mr. Plumb is descended from Henry Brooks, who came from 
England to New Haven, Connecticut, about 1670. 

There were many difficulties for Mr. Plumb to overcome in 
acquiring even the scanty education afforded by the common schools 
of the little village in which he spent his youth. He had many duties 
to perform, such as the regular care of the horses and cows and during 
the vacations he worked in the lock factory. Though obstacles to 
his securing a higher education, these labors taught him the priceless 
lessons of regularity of habits and the need of persistent application, 
invaluable influences upon his future life. 

At fifteen Mr. Plumb began work as a mechanic in Terryville. 
The following year he became an office boy in the employ of the 
company of which he is now president. He was actuated from the 
start by an earnest desire to accumulate a competence for his old age, 
and his rise in position was as deserved as it was rapid. He became 
bookkeeper and in 1881 he was made assistant secretary of the com- 
pany. In March, 1882, he became director and he was made secretary 
in July of the same year. In August, 1891, he was made treasurer, 
in July, 1903, vice-president and treasurer, and in October, 1903, he 
became president of the enormous business, which is a consolidation 
of several of the oldest and finest industries in New England. 

207 



208 EOLLIN JESSE PLUMB. 

One of the chief interests in Mr. Plumb's life, outside of his 
business life, is in his fraternal ties. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason and has been Master of the Masonic Blue Lodge and in other 
subordinate offices in the same lodge. He has also been high priest 
and in minor offices in his Masonic Chapter. Mr. Plumb is a Deacon 
and supporter of the Congregational Church. He is a member and 
has been vice-president of the Central Congregational Club of Con- 
necticut. His political standards have always been those of the Repub- 
lican party. His favorite outdoor sports are horseback riding, driving, 
and fishing. Mr. Plumb married Cora Jane Eossetter on the 29th of 
July, 1872. Five children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Plumb, 
all of whom are now living. 

Overcoming as he has the obstacles of a meagre education and 
pecuniary disadvantages, and attaining the top of the ladder in his 
particular line of work, Mr. Plumb is truly a self-made, successful 
American of the best and highest type. The greatest influences on 
his life have been contact with men in active life and home influences, 
and the chief motive a fixed ambition to carve his own way and to 
carve it upward to the top. 



COL. AUGUSTUS C. TYLER 

TYLER, COLONEL AUGUSTUS CLEVELAND, army officer 
and president of the American Tea Growing Company, was 
bom in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, May 2d, 
1851. He is descended from Job Tyler who was born in 1619 in 
Shropshire, England, and emigrated to Groton, Massachusetts, and 
from four Daniel Tylers, the first three of whom lived in Brooklyn, 
Connecticut, and the fourth was Col. Tyler's father. On his father's 
side he is descended from Jonathan Edwards. The Colonel's father 
was Daniel Tyler (the fourth) a soldier and civil engineer and a man 
of great firmness and decision. He was lieutenant of artillery in the 
United States Army, president of the Norwich and Worcester Rail- 
road, president of the Morris Canal Company, of the Maine and 
Western Railroad, Colonel of the 1st Connecticut Regiment in May, 
1861, and Brigadier-General in the United States Army, Col. Tyler's 
mother was Emily Lee Tyler and she died when he was but thirteen 
years old. 

Until he was thirteen years old Col. Tyler lived in the country. 
He was a healthy, active boy whose chief interest was in books. His 
particular delight was in reading lives of military men like Napoleon, 
Caesar, and Marlborough, and he found books on military science 
most helpful and enjoyable. After getting what education the coimtry 
schools afforded he went to boarding school in New York City and 
later to West Point Military Academy, where he graduated in 1873 
and became second lieutenant in the 4th U. S. Cavalry, in which 
capacity he began the active work of life. He had always desired to 
enter military or naval service and his career was of his own choosing. 
He remained in the army until 1878 and in January of that year he 
married Cornelia Osgood, a woman well known in Washington and 
Connecticut for her social leadership and her great interest in music, 
literature, and in everything that makes the broadest culture. Two 
daughters, Edna Leighton and Sarah Lamed, now Mrs. E. E. Mar- 
shall, and a son, Frederick Osgood, have been bom to Col. and Mrs. 
Tyler, all of whom are now living. 

209 



210 COL. AUGUSTUS C. TYLBE. 

At the time of the Spanish War Col. Tyler was Colonel of the 
Third Kegiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry and was in active 
service from July, 1898, to February, 1899. Since his retirement 
from active military service Col. Tyler has interested himself in an 
industry that has proved the possibility of growing tea in this country 
as well if not better than elsewhere. He is president of the American 
Tea Growing Company located in South Carolina, which uses seven 
thousand acres of land. His son is vice-president and general man- 
ager of the business. 

In politics Col. Tyler is a Republican and in creed he is an Epis- 
copalian. His favorite sports are riding and yachting. He is a mem- 
ber of the University Club, the Manhattan Club, the New York Yacht 
Club, all of New York, and of the Metropolitan and the Chevy Chase 
Club of Washington, his winter home. It may be of interest to note 
that one of his sisters was the mother of Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt. 
The family spend their summers at the Tyler mansion in the Pequot 
Colony, New London. 



FRIEND WILLIAM SMITH 

SMITH, FEIEND WILLIAM, president and owner of the Smith 
& Egge Manufacturing Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
one of the most widely known business concerns in America, 
was born in Kortright, Delaware County, New York, on the eleventh 
of May, 1839. His ancestors came from Holland and England and 
were nearly all in the ministry. His grandfather, Eben Smith, and 
his grandfather's brother, James Matthews Smith, were Methodist 
circuit riders and made preaching tours through Connecticut and 
Massachusetts. Eben Smith was one of the foremost clergymen of his 
denomination and was a delegate to the general conference of his 
church for four consecutive sessions. He was also one of the 
original promoters of Wesleyan University, Middletown. Mr. Smith's 
father was also a Methodist clergyman, an "itinerant," who preached 
in various parts of Connecticut and New York for fifty years and 
who was a most benevolent man with a social temperament and a 
fine, logical mind. Mr. Smith's mother was Mary Esmond Smith, 
a woman of great strength of character. 

As his father was stationed part of the time in New York Mr. 
Smith had the advantages of both city and country life in his youth. 
He attended the Amenia Seminary, Dutchess County, New York, 
and a public school in New York City. His greatest delight was in 
books and the attainment of knowledge and he read history, poetry, 
and scientific books with especial pleasure. Wishing to earn his 
own living he left school at an early age and became a clerk in a 
hosiery house in New York at ten dollars a month. After thirteen 
years in this employment he came to Bridgeport in 1849 and opened 
a dry goods store, which failed owing to the dishonesty of an employee 
and Mr. Smith was forced to become a clerk again. Meanwhile, being 
an ardent Kepublican, Mr. Smith became prominent in the "Wide 
Awakes" in the Fremont and Lincoln campaigns, and when his party 
came into power he became postmaster of Bridgeport under Abraham 
Lincoln, and held the office until 1869. During this period he was 

211 



212 FRIEND WILLIAM SMITH 

a member of the State central committee, chairman of the executive 
committee in the city of Bridgeport and, in fact, one of the foremost 
politicians of his community. 

After the close of his official service as postmaster Mr. Smith 
entered business and organized the Forrester Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Bridgeport. In 1870 he was chosen superintendent of the 
Ellsworth Mill and Mining Company in Nevada, in which capacity he 
became familiar with the process of mining and milling the precious 
metals. In 1873 he resigned his position in the Nevada Company 
and returned to Bridgeport. At this time the post office department 
was advertising for a new letter box lock. Mr. Smith and Mr. 
Frederick Egge invented together a lock, for which Mr. Smith in- 
vented a key and they were the successful bidders. The outcome 
of this success was the organization of the large manufacturing con- 
cern, the Smith & Egge Manufacturing Company. In 1878 they 
secured another contract with the Government for the manufacture 
of mail bag locks and for twelve years made all the locks used in the 
postal service. About this time Mr. Smith originated the system 
of carrier and post office chains for securing the lock keys, and 
secured orders for the entire country. He also secured contracts for 
all the cord fasteners and label cases used in the postal service, and 
for many years his firm was one of the largest contractors in the 
country for furnishing supplies to the mail equipment division of the 
post office department. The idea of using chain instead of cord for 
hanging weights to windows was conceived by Mr. Smith, and the 
"Giant" metal sash chain introduced by his company is now a 
standard article in general use throughout the country. In 1891 
Mr. Smith visited England and organized the Automatic Chain 
Company in Birmingham, using his methods in the English market. 
He also made arrangements for the use of his patents in Germany. 
The company now supplies Mexico, Hayti, Chili, and Santo Domingo 
as well as the entire United States with his valuable chains, punches, 
and other inventions and has extensive dealings with the treasury 
and navy departments of the Government, and there are branch 
offices in New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and St. Louis. In 
addition to his achievements in the invention of many valuable 
devices used in the postal system and his responsibility as president 
and owner of such a large concern, Mr. Smith organized the Bridge- 



FRIEND WILLIAM SMITH 213 

port Deoxidized Bronze and Metal Company and was its president for 
a long time ; he is greatly interested in the Lake Torpedo Boat Com- 
pany and is a member of the city board of apportionment and taxation 
of the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut. He adds to his many busi- 
ness connections strong religious, fraternal, and social ties. Though 
brought up a Methodist he is now a member and vestryman of Christ 
Church — Episcopal. He is a member of St. John's Lodge, No. 3, of 
Bridgeport; of the Hamilton Commandery; of the Lafayette Con- 
sistory, and a thirty-second degree Scottish Eite Mason. He is a 
member and past governor of the Seaside Club; a member of the 
Algonquin Club; the Seaside Outing Club; the National Manufac- 
turers' Association, and the Bridgeport Historical and Scientific 
Society. 

In 1903 Mr. Smith celebrated the golden wedding anniversary of 
his marriage with Angelina Amelia Weed, which occurred in 1853. 
She is still living and they have a married daughter and three sons, 
two of whom hold high office in the Smith & Egge Company, and 
his eldest son, F. W. Smith, Jr., is a graduate of Yale College and 
a well known patent attorney. In looking back over his long fruit- 
ful life Mr. Smith attributes his success to "industry and reasonable 
economy" and to the recognition of the dictates of his conscience in 
his work and dealings. "The one word I would recommend," he 
adds, "associated with perseverance, energy, and reverence for the 
Supreme Being, is 'Fidelity.' There is no nobler ideal than that 
presented in Longfellow's Psalm of Life." 



JOHN CHRISTOPHER SCHWAB 

SCHWAB, JOHN CHRISTOPHER, Ph.D., librarian of Yale 
University, is a name familiar to graduates of Yale. While 
he must have in mind the standard set by his family in past 
years, it is apparent that much of the success already obtained is due 
in large measure to that principle of thoroughness and determination 
which characterize the Teutonic scholars. 

Among Professor Schwab's ancestors were Conrad Weiser of 
Germany, who settled in New York in 1710 ; Henry Melchior Mxihlen- 
berg, who was the head of the Lutheran church in Pennsylvania in 
the eighteenth century, and Gustav Schwab, a German poet and theo- 
logian who lived in 1792-1850. The one bearing the name of Gustav 
Schwab in this country was a merchant in New York, upright in all 
his dealings and with a love for books not second to that of his name- 
sake. He held the position of school commissioner. His wife was 
Catherine Elizabeth von Post. 

Their son, John Christopher Schwab, was bom in Fordham 
Heights, Westchester County, New York, on April 1st, 1865. En- 
dowed with a fine physique, his home training was of a kind to promote 
his future usefulness. While he found among his father's books and 
under his father's guidance the wherewithal to satisfy his craving for 
good reading, his mother's influence was being exerted with effect upon 
his spiritual and moral life. There was no attempt to force the young 
mind or to fix the channel of his thoughts. His favorite books were 
Emerson's "Essays" and Kanfs "Philosophy," and for current 
history he read the New York Journal of Commerce. Fond of the 
classics and of the study of the weightier problems of history and sci- 
ence, he none the less has kept in close touch with the daily events in 
his own community and in the world at large. Humanity has fur- 
nished his chief text-book. 

Having prepared for college in a private school in New York 
City, he entered Yale in 1883, where his studious habits and faculty 
for forceful reasoning won him preferment. He received the degree 

214 



JOHN CHRISTOPHER SCHWAB. 215 

of B.A. in 1886 and that of M.A. in 1888. Fortunately he was able 
to indulge his desire for a still more thorough acquaintance with that 
branch of science which had most attracted him, and in 1887-1888, 
he took a course at Berlin University, and the next year at Gottingen 
University, where he received the degree of Ph.D. in 1889. 

Keturning to New Haven, for which city he had a deep affection, 
he was appointed an instructor in political economy in 1890, meanwhile 
continuing his studies by himself and also interesting himself keenly 
in the whole life of the University. In 1893 he was promoted to be 
assistant professor and in 1898 to a full professorship, and in 1905 to 
the librarianship of the University. Nor is it in the classroom alone 
that his work is appreciated; in the library, in the secretary's de- 
partment, in the executive department, as on the occasion of the bi- 
centennial celebration in 1901, he is of great assistance. 

Naturally, a position like his for a man of his years, must com- 
mand the most of his attention. Yet never does he allow himself to 
forget the world outside nor underestimate the value of association 
with that world. As evidence of this he served three years as an en- 
listed man in Company F, the " New Haven Grays," Second Eegi- 
ment, Connecticut National Guard, as private and as corporal, and 
every duty, from that of policing camp to acting as colonel's orderly, 
was performed with absolute conscientiousness. 

He has written " The History of New York Property Tax " 
(1890), and "The Confederate States of America" (1901), and is a 
contributor to historical magazines and reviews. He is corresponding 
member of the Massachusetts Historical Society and a member of the 
American Economical Association and of the Eoyal Economical As- 
sociation of England. Since 1892 he has been editor of the Yale 
Review. Of social organizations he is a member of the Century 
Club of New York and of the Graduates' Club of New Haven. 

In politics he was a Democrat till 1896, when he took exception 
to the party's free silver platform. A Protestant Episcopalian in 
faith, he is vestryman of Trinity Church, New Haven. His recreation 
he finds in gardening and walking. 

He married Miss Edith Aurelia Fisher of New Haven on 
October 5th, 1893. They have two children. Their residence is at 
No. 310 Prospect street. New Haven. 

11 



CHARLES S. TREADWAY 

T HEADWAY, CHARLES S., the late president of the Bristol 
National Bank and of several other of the principal business 
organizations of that town, was bom in Bristol, Hartford 
County, Connecticut, January 24th, 1848. In his recent death the 
town of Bristol lost one of its most valuable and prominent citizens, 
a man who devoted his exceptional mental ability and keen business 
tact to the growth and improvement of the industries, public utilities, 
and institutions of his native town. Mr. Treadway's mother was 
Emily Candee, his father was Charies Treadway, a clock maker. 
The family lived in Bristol, where Mr. Treadway attended the com- 
mon schools until he was twelve, when they removed to Winsted and 
thence to Waterbury, where he took a course in the High School. 

At fifteen Mr. Treadway entered the Waterbury Clock Company 
to learn his father's trade, but he soon abandoned this course to 
accept a clerkship in the Waterbury Post Office. His diligence and 
faithfulness in this employment attracted attention and he was offered 
a position as office boy in the Waterbury National Bank, where the 
same personal characteristics won rapid promotions and he was ap- 
pointed teller when he was but little past his majority. In 1870 he 
went with the late Andrew Terry to Lawrence, Kansas, where they 
established a bank with Mr. Terry as president and Mr. Treadway 
as secretary. Four years later, when the Bristol National Bank was 
organized, Mr. Treadway returned to Bristol as the cashier of the 
new institution, and remained in that position until 1899, when, 
upon the death of Mr. John H. Sessions, Sr., he became president, 
which position he held until his death, bringing it, through his energy 
and judgment, to the front ranks of financial corporations. 

His conscientious and able solutions of municipal problems, his 
progressive ideas and his generous zeal in behalf of his fellow towns- 
men made Mr. Treadway a leader in many most important move- 
ments for the benefit of Bristol. In 1883 he set on foot the organiza- 
tion of the Bristol Water Company, of which he was first treasurer 

218 




^^^c 



CHAKLES S. TREADWAY. 221 

and manager and subsequently, upon the death of Mr. J. H. Sessions, 
Jr., president as well. Through his well directed efforts and untiring 
attention to the details of the equipment of the plant the enterprise 
was a complete success, and the water supply is one of the best in 
the State. As soon as the Water Company was well established Mr. 
Treadway turned his attention to organizing the Bristol Electric 
Light Company, and a few years later he started the Bristol and 
Plainville Tramway Company, which absorbed the Electric Company 
and added to its functions the manufacturing of power and a steam 
heating plant. Mr. Treadway was the prime mover in bringing 
about this consolidation and in extending the branches of the original 
trolley lines. In 1895 Mr. Treadway was elected president of the 
Tramway Company and kept this position until his ill health in the 
last year of his life compelled his resignation. He was also treasurer 
of the Horton Mfg. Company, manufacturers of steel fishing rods, 
and president of the New Departure Manufacturing Company, a com- 
pany which may well attribute its marvelously rapid growth in part 
to Mr. Treadway. He was vice-president of the Bristol Manufactur- 
ing Company, a director in the Blakesley Novelty Company, in the 
Bristol Press Publishing Company, and in the Southington National 
Bank, and at one time a director of the Waterbury American. 

Though no man was ever more deeply and actively interested 
in the affairs of his town Mr. Treadway never sought public office. 
He represented Bristol in the General Assembly of 1882, and was 
treasurer of the borough of Bristol from 1893 to 1901. He was 
town treasurer for a number of years subsequent to 1887. He was 
a member of the board of directors of the Free Public Library from 
1892 until his death, and treasurer of the first district school for a 
number of years. He was a member and generous supporter of the 
First Congregational Church of Bristol. Fraternally he was a mem- 
ber of Townsend Lodge I. 0. 0. F. of Waterbury and of Eeliance 
Council, Eoyal Arcanum of Bristol. He was a member and at one 
time vice-president of the Farmington Country Club, and also a 
member of the Waterbury Club and the Bristol Business Men's 
Association. 

In 1873 Mr. Treadway married Margaret Terry who died in 1880, 
leaving one son, Charles Terry Treadway, Treasurer of the New 
Departure Mfg. Company, who has inherited much of the business 



222 CHARLES S. TREADWAY. 

axjumen and promises to be a worthy successor in many important 
positions of his late father, Mr. Treadwa/s second wife, Lucy 
Hurlburt Townsend, whom he married in 1884, survives him, as 
do two sons and a daughter born of this union. 

After a long wasting illness Mr. Treadway's busy, useful and 
unselfish life was closed on January 27th, 1905, and on that day 
Bristol lost a loyal, self-sacrificing citizen, a man who achieved the 
highest success in business, who exerted a vital influence on the 
progress of his town and who was generally esteemed for his rare 
mental capacity and clean, honorable character. In comment on the 
loss to the community the Bristol Press said editorially : " He was 
one of those men of Connecticut's family of manufacturers whose 
enterprise reached beyond the wants of his own community and even 
of his own coimtry, and by whose industry not only was his native 
town benefited, but the name " American " made stronger. He leaves 
behind him an example of straightforward, upright dealing in all 
business affairs. His words of kindly advice were most oppori;une 
as many in this community can testify. He has builded well and his 
works do live after him." 



SAMUEL HOSMER CHITTENDEN 

CHITTENDEN, SAMUEL HOSMER, retired civil engineer, 
of East River, Connecticut, was bom in Madison, New Ha- 
ven County, Connecticut, November 18th, 1845. He is de- 
scended from some of the early settlers of Guilford, Connecticut, the 
most distinguished of whom was William Chittenden, who came from 
England to Guilford in 1639, and was magistrate and deputy to the 
General Court. Nicholas Mimger, another of his early ancestors, 
settled in Guilford in the first half of the seventeenth century. Sam- 
uel C. Chittenden, Mr. Chittenden's father, was a prosperous lumber 
dealer who was also engaged in the manufacture of sashes and blinds. 
Mr. Chittenden's mother, whose maiden name was Amanda A. Mun- 
ger, was a woman of great strength of character and of a deeply re- 
ligious nature. Her influence upon her son w'as very strong and con- 
trolling. 

After a preparatory course at Guilford Institute and Lee's 
Academy, Madison, Mr. Chittenden entered the Sheffield Scientific 
School of Yale University, where he took his Civil Engineer's degree 
in 1868. He began work immediately as civil engineer on the Union 
Pacific Railroad and he was engaged in the construction of that road 
until 1876. He did a great deal of work, extending the railroad 
through the Indian country, and was commended highly for the 
rapidity and skill of his engineering. Later he was engaged on the 
Quinnipiack Bridge at Fair Haven, and he had many other important, 
contracts in the South, in Arizona, Mexico, and in Washington, D. C. 
He followed his calling until 1885, and since his retirement his time 
has been occupied with public interests and the writing of a number 
of valuable papers on engineering and kindred subjects. 

In 1889 Mr. Chittenden was elected state senator, from 1890 to 
1905 he was judge of probate for the town of Madison and town clerk 
of Madison from 1901 to 1905. He has always been a consistent and 
devoted Republican in his political views. During his senatorship he 

223 



224 SAMUEL HOSMER CHITTENDEN 

was chairman of the committees on humane institutions and new 
counties and county seats. 

Mr. Chittenden has devoted his life to his calling and to the 
public offices which he has held. He has never married, and aside 
from membership in the American Society of Civil Engineers he has 
no fraternal or club ties. He chose his own career and has followed 
it with a singleness of purpose that has won the great measure of suc- 
cess that the combination of determination and skill deserves 



CHARLES EDWIN SEARLS 

S EARLS, CHARLES EDWIN, was born March 25th, 1846, in 
Pomfret, Windham County, Connecticut, A lawyer of promi- 
nence, he has taken an active part in the political and economic 
fortunes of the state. He was the son of Edwin Clark Searls and 
Caroline (Matthewson) Searls. His father, in early life, was a mer- 
chant, but later a broker in Wall Street, New York City, where his 
quickness of perception and promptness of execution made him a 
power. These qualities the son inherited and they have helped him 
greatly in his career. 

Mr. Searls is a descendant of one Sello, who came from Nor- 
mandy to England with William the Conqueror, and he is of the fifth 
generation from Robert Searls (or Searl) who came from Dorchester, 
England, and was admitted to the little community of Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, June 9th, 1662. On his mother's side he is a de- 
scendant of John Mathewson, who took up his residence in Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, in the year 1658. This same John Mathewson 
was a man of some note in the colonies in those stirring days, and was 
a deputy to the General Court of Rhode Island in 1680. Mr. Searls' 
great-grandfather, on the maternal side, was an intimate friend of 
the early national leaders of the Republic, although he held no public 
office. His grandfather, Darius Mathewson, was a leading man for 
many years in Windham County. He was a member of the General 
Assembly and of the Constitutional Convention in 1818. 

The first four years of Mr. Searls' life were passed in Pomfret, 
Windham County, where his father carried on a general country store. 
The family then removed to Brooklyn, New York, and, after a resi- 
dence of some time there, came back to Windham County, which place 
Mr. Searls has made his permanent home. He is a Yale man (1868), 
but the foundations of his education were laid in the Rawsonian In- 
stitute of Thompson, Connecticut, one of the well-known schools of the 
state. Deciding on the law as his profession, Mr. Searls entered the 
office of a lawyer and there worked and studied, branching out for 

225 



226 CHARLES EDWIN SEARLS 

himself as an attomey-at-law in 1870, selecting Putnam, Connecticut, 
as a field for his active, business life. His career in this profession ia 
respected throughout the state. 

He has held numerous offices of public honor and trust, being on 
the executive committee of the State Bar Association for several 
years, a member of the Local Council for Connecticut in the American 
Bar Association, and attorney under general retainer for many cor- 
porations. Mr. Searls was town clerk of Thompson in 1869, a mem- 
ber of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1871 and 1886, 
secretary of state for Connecticut from 1881 to 1882, and in 1903 
he was elected to the office of state's attorney for Windham County, in 
which office he still remains. Mr. Searls has been a justice of the 
peace continuously from his majority to the present time. In politics 
he is an active Republican, and he was a delegate to the National Re- 
publican Convention at St. Louis in 1896. 

While Mr. Searls is not a member of any church, he is at heart 
of the Congregational faith. In 1902 he was married to Sarah Alice 
Fell of Cambridge, Massachusetts, but no children have been born of 
this union. He finds his recreation " in a comfortable chair, with a 
good cigar," in the quietness of his home after the day's hurly-burly. 

His personal preference caused him to select the law as his pro- 
fession, and contact with men of affairs in the world has been a vigor- 
ous impetus for the best work of which he is capable. " The lives of 
public and great men, whether in church, state, or business affairs," 
next to the example of his mothers beautiful life, have influenced 
him greatly, both morally and spiritually. 





iXCviA (^/M/^W ' ■ 



JULIUS TWISS 

TWISS, JULIUS, lawyer and banker of New Haven, secretary 
and treasurer of the National Savings Bank of that city and 
a man of prominence in the business, municipal, fraternal, 
and religious affairs of his community, was bom in Jolliette, 
Province of Quebec, Canada, April 18th, 1838. The earliest known 
ancestor of the family which Julius Twiss represents was without 
doubt William Twisse, a Teuton, who emigrated from Germany 
about 1500 and settled in Newbury, England, whose grandson, a 
graduate of Oxford College, known as Dr. William Twiss, was 
chaplain to Elizabeth, daughter of King James, and a " divine of 
great ability, learning, piety, and moderation." He died July, 1646. 
Daniel, Nathan, and Robert Twiss, undoubtedly the sons of Dr. 
William Twiss, came from England to Salem, Massachusetts, about 
1650. By direct descent from one of the three brothers and through 
Thomas, Benjamin, and Joseph Twiss, all of Cheshire, Connecticut, 
came the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, whose name was 
also Joseph Twiss and who lived and died in Meriden, Connecticut. 
He was a member of a company known as the Corps of "Artificers " 
in the War of the Revolution and this company participated in the 
battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth and others. His son, 
Russell Twiss, one of the first clock makers in the United States and 
Canada and maker of fanning mills as well, was the father of Julius 
Twiss and a man of energy and integrity. Mr. Twiss' mother was 
Permela Hall Twiss, a woman of many virtues and the highest 
influence. Through her Mr. Twiss is descended from John Hall 
who was born in England in 1605 and died in Wallingford, Connecti- 
cut, in 1676. He was a fighter in the Pequot War and an original 
proprietor of Wallingford. His son, Samuel Hall, was four times 
a deputy to the General Court and was a prominent land owner and 
military man, and his son, John Hall, took an active part in the 
Indian Wars of that time and was several times a representative in 
tlie General Assembly. His son. Rev. Samuel Hall, graduated at 

239 



230 JULIUS TWISS. 

Yale in 1716, and was the first Pastor at Cheshire, Connecticut. 
His daughter, Abigail, married Eev. John Foote, whose son, Samuel 
Foote, became Governor of Connecticut and U. S. Senator, and his 
son, Andrew Hall Foote, was at one time Eear-Admiral of the U. S. 
Navy. John Hall, a brother of Eev. Samuel Hall, was the father 
of Lyman Hall, who graduated at Yale in 1747, and he became 
Governor of the State of Georgia, a representative in Congress and 
one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence for that State. 
Brenton Hall, a son of Eev, Samuel Hall, was a large landed proprietor 
in the eastern part of Meriden, and he was very active in getting that 
town set off from Wallingford, and was its first representative in the 
General Assembly. His son was Augustus Hall, the father of Permela 
(Hall) Twiss. 

The present representative of this long line of worthy ancestors, 
Julius Twiss, lived in Canada until he was sixteen years old, when, 
after his father's death, he came to Meriden, Connecticut, and was 
first employed as a clerk in the post office in that town, his uncle, 
Hiram Hall, being the postmaster. He was a delicate lad, but 
possessed by a strong desire to learn and to get ahead in the world, 
he acquired a thorough education in defiance of all obstacles. He was 
greatly interested in historical works, the best English novels and 
religious works. The Bible was his best loved book and Johnson, and 
other writers of his stamp, his favorite authors. Young Mr, Twiss 
left Meriden in a short time to enter the Hopkins Grammar School 
at New Haven to prepare for Yale College, where he was graduated 
with the class of 1863 and then entered the Yale Law School, where 
he received his LL,B. degree in 1865. 

In September of the year of his graduation from law school Mr. 
Twiss opened an office as practicing attorney on Church street. New 
Haven, and he continued in the active practice of law with gratifying 
success until 1894, In 1866 he became a member of the Common 
Council of New Haven and served in that capacity at various times 
for over eight years. From 1869 to 1872 he was clerk of the New 
Haven City Court and in 1882 he was appointed a member of the 
Tax Commission, From 1866 to 1869 he was an active member of 
the New Haven Grays, a local military compauy, and he is now a 
member of the Veteran Grays, He has been candidate for the office 
of judge of probate several times, but always when the opposition 



JULIUS TWISS. 



231 



party has been successful. From June, 1872, to February, 1882, there 
were brought before him for trial as justice of the peace eighteen 
hundred and thirty civil cases. He declined to serve longer in that 
office. 

Mr. Twiss is a Republican, but does not hesitate to vote independ- 
ently in accordance with his conscience. He is very active and 
prominent in Masonic matters, having been treasurer of Hiram Lodge 
No. 1, F. and A. M., for three years, Master of Lodge one year and a 
trustee since 1880. He was a director of the Masonic Mutual Benefit 
Association of Connecticut for several years and is a member of 
the New Haven Commandery of Knights Templar. In religious and 
philanthropic interests he has been equally active. Since 1880 he has 
been a member of the Society's Committee of the Calvary Baptist 
Ecclesiastical Society and he has been a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the New Haven Baptist Union since 1893 and is now its 
president. He has been a director of the Organized Charities since 
1898 and a member of the board of managers of the Calvary Industrial 
Home since its organization. He is also a member of the Young 
Men's Republican Club, the New Haven Historical Society, the 
Chamber of Commerce, the Union League Club and the Yale Grad- 
uates' Club, all of New Haven. He has never married. 

In March, 1894, Mr. Twiss was made secretary and treasurer 
of the National Savings Bank of New Haven and the business of 
the bank has so increased and the duties and responsibilities of his 
position have so absorbed his time, that he has given up the practice of 
law. Mr. Twiss says that his successes and failures have been those 
of the average American of today and that his boyhood's " desire to 
get ahead " has been his chief incentive to success. He says, " For 
the young man of average ability I would say that true success can 
ordinarily be secured by diligence, honesty, close application to one's 
vocation, correct habits, economy, judgment in investments and belief 
in and practice of the principles of Christianity." 



COLONEL JEROME TOURTELLOTTE 

TOUKTELLOTTE, JEROME, Civil War veteran, former mem- 
ber of Legislature, and at present treasurer of the Putnam 
Savings Bank, was bom in Thompson, Windham County, 
Connecticut, June 11th, 1837, the son of Joseph Davison Tourtellotte 
and Diana Munyan Tourtellotte. His father was a shoemaker and 
farmer, whom he describes as a man of " robust health and easy good 
nature," and who was assessor and selectman in the town of Putnam. 
Colonel Tourtellotte's mother was a woman of strong intellect and an 
uplifting character, whose influence was strongly for his good in 
every way. Going farther back in the study of the Colonel's an- 
cestors one finds his descent traceable from Abraham Tourtellotte, who 
came to Boston from Bordeaux, France, in 1687 on the ship " Friend- 
ship " and married Marie Bemon, daughter of Gabriel Bemon of 
Eoxbury, Massachusetts. This Gabriel Bemon was a French Hugue- 
not and a very influential man in the affairs of both church and state 
in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. On the maternal side Colonel 
Tourtellotte is descended from Edward Munyan, who came from Eng- 
land to Salem, Massachusetts, in early colonial days, from Deacon 
Thomas Dike, a soldier in the Revolution, and from Anthony Dix, 
who came to Plymouth in 1623. 

Inheriting his father's vigorous constitution the boy Jerome 
Tourtellotte was as " hardy, sound and sappy " as a young oak. He 
enjoyed hard work and found plenty of it to do, for he was taught 
to hoe his row as soon as he could handle a hoe. These early formed 
habits of industry kept him out of mischief and have proved a life- 
long benefit. He was a great reader and, although the family li- 
brary was limited, he learned to know many great books. Aris- 
totle's works made a lasting impression, but his strongest inclinations 
led him to read fiction more than anything else, a fact for which he 
is still regretful. His education was limited in both quality and 
quantity, for it was confined to that afforded within the walls of a 
"little red school house" and was acquired only through the winter 

232 



COLONEL JEROME TOURTELLOTTE 233 

terms and until he was fifteen years old. His father gave him his 
time when he was but sixteen years old and he set up for himself as 
a shoe-maker in Putnam, his native town. He followed this trade 
because it was the first opportunity that was offered him and he did 
not find the work distasteful. His success at it came through " pa- 
tient plodding and industry " and was as great in measure as it was 
deserved. 

In 1861, upon the outbreak of the Eebellion, Mr, Tourtellotte 
enlisted as a volunteer soldier and served from April 22, 1861, until 
August 7, 1861, as a private in Company B, 2nd Volimteer Infantry, 
Connecticut. His brave and capable service won speedy promotions 
and he became first lieutenant, captain, major and lieutenant colonel 
of the 7th Connecticut Volunteers, experiencing many dangers and 
serving with distinction. He participated in the Battle of Bull 
Eun and was wounded and taken prisoner at the assault on Fort 
Wagner, Morris Island, S. C. He was mustered out in August, 
1865, and immediately became interested in manufacturing. From 
1866 to 1873 he was outside superintendent of the A. & "W. Sprague 
Manufacturing Company of Cranston, E. I. At the end of that 
time he returned to Putnam, and the following year, 1874, he 
married Eliza Emily Husband, by whom he has had three sons, 
Leroy E., bom January 20, 1877; Arthur, born October 30, 1881, 
and Harry, born December 14, 1884, all of whom are now living. 
In 1875 and again in 1880 he was elected representative from Put- 
nam to the State Legislature by the Eepublican party to which he 
has been a royal adherent since he cast his first vote for President 
Lincoln. In 1880 Col. Tourtellotte became treasurer of the Putnam 
Savings Bank and he still holds this office. 

He is a member of the Army and Navy Club of Connecticut, 
of the Grand Army of the Eepublic and of the Masonic fraternity. 
He considers good habits and hard work the safest insurance against 
failure in life as well as the best means of securing bodily welfare. 
He also advises the best possible education and the cultivation of 
" charity and fairness towards one's neighbors and associates " and 
adds — " seek labor and avoid labor unions." 



JAMES FRANKLIN BROWN 

BROWN, COL. JAMES FRANKLIN, veteran officer of the 
Civil War, public man, and retired merchant, of North 
Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, was bom 
there January 10th, 1836, the son of George Coggeshall Brown and 
Sarah Ann Stanton Brown. His father was a trader who also en- 
gaged in farming in his latter days, and who was notary public and 
the incumbent of several other local offices. George C. Brown left 
his son a heritage of industry, integrity and good judgment that was 
increased by the spiritual and intellectual inspiration of his mother's 
character. A more extended tracing of Col. Brown's ancestry re- 
veals personages of parallel worth and interest, for he is descended 
from Thomas Stanton, the Indian interpreter, who came from Lan- 
cashire, England to Stonington, in 1639, and from Gen. Joseph Stan- 
ton, who commanded the Rhode Island troops in the Revolution and 
was representative and senator in Congress after the War. 

Physically robust and mentally studious, James E. Brown gave 
promise in early boyhood of broad capabilities and " all-around " 
development in manhood and each step in his career has evidenced 
the fulfilment of that promise. His boyhood days on his father's farm 
were busy and profitable ones, for much of the lighter labor of the 
farm and especially of caring for the live stock fell to his share. He 
was taught to feel a personal interest and responsibility in the work 
and rewarded by a fitting share in the profits and this arrangement 
promoted habits of forethought, industry and economy. His taste in 
reading inclined particularly to history and biography which formed 
the " staple of his early reading " until his college preparation was 
begun. After completing preparatory courses in the schools of East 
Greenwich, Rhode Island, and at Wilton and Stonington, Connecticut, 
he entered Yale University, where he took his B.A. degree in 1863 
and was given the honorary degree of M.A. in 1865. He did not, how- 
ever, wait for the full equipment of a college education before begin- 

234 



JAMES FRANKLIN BROWN. 235 

ning active work in life, for in 1855 and 1856 he taught school for 
three terms. 

There was no question in the mind of a brave, patriotic and 
earnest young man who graduated from a northern college in the 
memorable year of 1862 as to what course he would pursue and, in 
August following his graduation from Yale, James F. Brown went to 
the front as captain of Co. G, Twenty-first Connecticut Infantry. 
He was in service until June 16th, 1865, and received constant and 
rapid promotion from captain to major, to lieutenant-colonel, to 
colonel, and he also commanded a brigade for some time in the siege 
of Eichmond. His highly creditable military service received tangi- 
ble appreciation in a set of resolutions expressing the gratitude of 
the General Assembly of Connecticut. 

As soon as the War was ended Col. Brown established himself in 
the wholesale grocery and naval supply busness in Savannah, Georgia, 
and he remained in this business until 1878, since when he has 
resided in North Stonington, the home of his youth. His later life 
has been occupied with public duties and offices, many of which 
have been entrusted to him. He has been school visitor and justice of 
the peace for many years. In 1886 and again in 1889 he was a mem- 
ber of the House and during the latter session he was chairman of the 
committee on railroads. In 1902 he was a delegate to the Constitu- 
tional Convention. Since 1895 be has been a member of the Board of 
Agriculture and since 1900 he has been secretary of that board. In 
politics he holds the views of the Eepublican party to which he has 
always given active loyalty. His religious connections are with the 
Congregational Church. He has always maintained the vigorous 
habits of his youth and throughout his manhood has found in horse- 
back riding, hunting and fishing his most congenial and helpful 
recreation. 

Col. Brown's marriage took place in October, 1868, and his 
wife's maiden name was Harriet Almy Greene. Their five children 
are all living: Bessie A., James F., Jr., Harriet E., Myra L., and 
Helen G. 



12 



JOHN BIRGE 

BIRGE, HON. JOHN, former State Senator, and late president 
of the N. L. Birge & Sons Company of Bristol, Connecticut, 
was a lifelong resident of that city. He was born in the Birge 
homestead in Bristol, August 25th, 1853, and the accident which 
caused his death on October 20th, 1905, occurred within sight of 
the house in which he was born. He was a descendant of Eichard 
Birge, a pioneer settler of Windsor, Connecticut, and the grandson of 
John Birge, a captain in the war of 1812 and a prominent factor in 
the military, civil and religious affairs of his day. Mr. Birge's father 
was Nathan L. Birge, founder of the Bristol Knitting Company and 
of N. L. Birge and Sons, a member of the school board for many 
years, vice-president of the Bristol National Bank and president 
of the Bristol Water Company. Mr. Birge^s mother was Adeline 
Smith, through whom he was descended from Thomas Hooker, 
George Smith of the New Haven Colony of 1638, William Smith, 
a pioneer settler of Huntington, Long Island, and Theophilus Smith, 
a Revolutionary soldier. Another ancestor, Samuel Terry, made and 
put in place the great wooden clock in the steeple of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Bristol. 

When a very young boy Mr. Birge determined upon a business 
careec He was educated in the Bristol common schools and at the 
academy at Lake Forest, Illinois. In 1882 he entered into partner- 
ship with his father in the extensive knitted goods business and 
when his father died, in 1899, the firm became the N. L. Birge and 
Sons Company and Mr. Birge was president and general manager 
of the company from that time until his death in 1905. He succeeded 
his father as a director in the First National Bank of Bristol and as 
a leader in public affairs. He was an organizer and promoter of 
the Bristol Volunteer Fire Department and secretary of the board 
of fire commissioners. He took a lively interest in politics and was 
a devoted Republican. He represented his district in the state 
senate in 1894 and was chairman of the committee on manufactures. 

236 




^^/^'^^'^"^T-'V^ / ^^T^O'^^ 



JOHN BIEGE. 239 

He was a member of the Republican state central committee and 
chairman of the town committee for several years. He was a lead- 
ing figure in the Young Men's Eepublican Club of Bristol, in the 
Bristol Men's Association and a member of the First Congregational 
Church. 

In a study of Mr. Birge's character we find the foundation of 
his success in life. He was a man of great sincerity and integrity, 
cheerful disposition and raxe judgment. He loved nature, children 
and home life and was always a friend of the weak and oppressed. 
On June 22d, 1874, Mr. Birge married M. Antoinette Root, a 
daughter of Samuel E. Root of Bristol. She died April 25th, 1891, 
leaving four children: Adeline, bom August 16th, 1875, is the wife 
of Roger S. Newell of Bristol; Nathan Root, bom June 16th, 1877, 
married Bertha Haight of Schenectady, New York; Marguerite, 
bom April 22d, 1886; John Eangsley, bom March 4th, 1888. On 
February 1st, 1893, Senator Birge married Matilda Louise, a daughter 
of John Sayles Smith of Willimantic, Connecticut. His death was 
caused by a shocking accident in which he was thrown from his 
carriage while driving home from business at noon, and in the fatality 
which resulted Bristol lost not only a prosperous and important 
business leader, but a patriotic and admirable citizen. 



SAMUEL LEWIS PENFIELD 

P ENFIELD, SAMUEL LEWIS, late professor of mineralogy in 
the Sheffield Scienitfic School, Yale University, was a descend- 
ant of Samuel Penfield, an Englishman who came to Fairfield, 
Connecticut, about the middle of the eighteenth century. George 
Hoyt Penfield was engaged in the freight and passenger business of 
the Hudson Eiver steamboats, devoting himself thoroughly to his 
work. He married Miss Ann Augusta Cheeseman. 

Their son, Samuel Lewis Penfield, was born in Catskill, Greene 
County, N. Y., on January 16th, 1856. He developed into a sturdy 
youth, fond of the village sports and also of carpentering, of doing 
odd jobs around the house and of caring for the garden. But his 
particular desire was to investigate the mountains and rocks about 
the old town, and then to understand better the meaning there is in 
the rocks and stones for him who will seek it patiently. Not every- 
thing was as he could wish for the prosecution of the higher studies 
he had in mind, yet there was everything to encourage him in the 
warm interest of his parents, who thought also of his welfare in 
other paths than that of learning. Particularly strong was his mother's 
influence upon both his intellectual and moral being. 

It was a happy day for him when, on entering Wesleyan 
Academy at Wilbraham, Mass., he believed he was well on the road 
to the education he desired. In 1877, he had received the degree of 
Ph. B. at the Sheffield Scientific School. His attainments won him 
the position of assistant in the chemical laboratory of the school im- 
mediately upon graduation, where he continued until 1879, when he 
was appointed assistant in his favorite science of mineralogy. 

The winter of 1880-1881, he studied chemistry at Strasburg 
University, and returning to Yale was appointed instructor in min- 
eralogy, in 1881. In 1884, he took a course in crystallography at 
Heidelberg University, but came back to New Haven and continued 
with his classes as instructor. In 1888 he was appointed assistant 
professor, and in 1893 professor of mineralogy. He received the 

240 



SAMUEL LEWIS PENFIELD. 241 

degree of M. A. from his Alma Mater in 1896 and of LL.D. from the 
University of Wisconsin, in recognition of his valuable work in 1904. 

The professor died August 12th, 1906, at Woodstock, Connecti- 
cut, where he had been spending the summer. Few names are more 
familiar than Professor Penfield's in the world of mineralogy, and 
particularly to the readers of the " American Journal of Science and 
Art," since 1877, to which he contributed a number of scientific 
articles on chemistry, mineralogy, and crystallography. The student 
laboratory in Kirtland Hall was built imder his direct supervision 
and according to his plans. An obituary in the " Yale Alumni 
Weekly " says of him : " As an investigator. Professor Penfield far 
surpassed all others in the science of mineralogy in both the extent 
and importance of his investigations. As a teacher he possessed the 
rare faculty of directing and inspiring investigation among those 
about him.'' Books of his are : " Determinative Mineralogy and Blow- 
pipe Analysis," 1898, and " Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrog- 
raphy from the Laboratories of the SheflSeld Scientific School'' — 
published as one of the Yale Bicentennial Series. 

He was an associate fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, 1893 ; foreign correspondent of the Geological Society of Lon- 
don, 1896; member of the National Academy of Sciences of America, 
1900; fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, 1902; corresponding member Der Konigliche Gesellschaft der 
Wissenschaften zu Gottingen, 1902; member of Videnskabs Seleska- 
bet Christiana, 1902; Geologiska Foreningen, Stockholm, 1903, and 
foreign member of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain, 1903. 
In college he belonged to the Berzelius Society and he was a mem- 
ber of the Graduates' Club of New Haven. 

His religious faith was Congregational. In politics, he voted 
according to what he believed was best in either party. 

He married Miss Grace Chapman, of Albany, New York, on Janu- 
ary 26th, 1897. Their home was at No. 239 Edwards street, New 
Haven. 

It is said of him: "By the death of Professor Penfield, Yale 
loses one of the most famous men she has ever produced. He was un- 
doubtedly the foremost mineralogist in the United States and a man 
of international fame." 



EDWIN LEWIS SCOFIELD 

SCOFIELD, EDWIN LEWIS, lawyer, legislator, former mayor, 
and bank director, of Stamford, was born in the town of Stam- 
ford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, June 18th, 1852. His 
father, Erastus E. Scofield, was a son of Edwin and Eliza (Brown) 
Scofield, and a descendant from Daniel Scofield, who came from 
England with the original New England colonists about 1638, and set- 
tled in Stamford about 1640. Erastus E. Scofield was a merchant, 
first selectman, and prominent townsman of Stamford, esteemed for 
his sturdy character and strong religious convictions. He married 
Jane A, Waterbury, a widow, of Poundridge, N. Y. 

Edwin Lewis Scofield was brought up in the village of Stamford, 
where he helped, even at an early age, to support the family by 
manual work, and he thus came to know the value of labor from ex- 
perience, at an impressionable age. His mother exerted an excel- 
lent influence over his intellectual, moral, and spiritual life. His 
school training was received from private teachers and was so ar- 
ranged as not to interfere with his daily work as a bread-winner. 
When eighteen years of age, he entered a law office in Stamford as 
clerk and student, and in 1873 took a year's course in the study of 
law at Columbia University Law School. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1873, thus carrying out a long- 
cherished, youthful ambition to become a lawyer. His home in- 
fluence had aided this ambition, and his early companionship and 
contact with men in public life strengthened it. 

He is a Eepublican in politics and has served his native state 
and city as a representative in the State Legislature in 1881; state 
senator, 1882 and 1883; State Building and Loan Commissioner, 
1896 and 1897; mayor of the city of Stamford for two terms, 1896- 
1897; State Insurance Commissioner for three years, 1898-1900. 
His business and financial obligations were discharged through ser- 
vice as a director in the Greenwich Trust, Loan, and Deposit Com- 
pany; in the First National Bank of Stamford; in the Provident 

243 



EDWIN LEWIS SCOFIELD. 



243 



Savings Life Assurance Society, from 1901; as president of the 
Crestwood Company, Yonkers, New York, from 1902; and as secre- 
tary of the Stamford Hospital for ten years, 1895-1905, and as vice- 
president since 1905. 

He was married October 15th, 1879, to Annie W. Candee, daugh- 
ter of Julius and Evalina (Weed) Candee of New York, and they 
have one child, Edwin L., Jr., born August 22nd, 1887. 

His church home is with the Congregational denomination. His 
recreation is found in the game of golf, which affords amusement, ex- 
ercise, and relaxation. His club affiliations include the Eepublican 
Club of New York City, the Suburban Club of Stamford, the Stam- 
ford Yacht Club, and the Wee Bum Golf Club of Noroton. 

From his own experience and knowledge he gathered these facts, 
which he promulgates for the benefit of young men of like environ- 
ments and advantages : " I have succeeded to the maximum of my de- 
serts, and I can only say that what success I have attained in life has 
been brought about by hard and persistent labor. Every young man 
should appreciate the value of labor, and should not only work him- 
self, but should show the advantages of work to others." 



HENRY GLEASON NEWTON 

NEWTON", HENRY GLEASON, one of Connecticut's ablest 
lawyers, former State representative, writer, and a leader in 
the religious, business, and public life of New Haven, was 
born in Durham, Middlesex County, Connecticut, June 5th, 1843. 
He comes of a long line of illustrious ancestors, the first of whom to 
come to America was Eoger Newton, who emigrated from Cambridge, 
England, in 1638, and in 1645 was ordained the first minister of the 
church in Farmington. Mr. Newton's ancestry embraces the following 
distinguished men: Thomas Hooker, first minister of Hartford, 
John Talcott, an early State Treasurer of Connecticut, who held that 
ofiice for twenty-six years; Governor Thomas Wells; Deacon Richard 
Piatt, ancestor of the two senators of that name; Thomas Bucking- 
ham, ancestor of Governor William Buckingham; Sergeant John 
Plympton, one of the settlers of Deerfield, Massachusetts, who was 
burned by the Indians in 1677; Nathaniel Sutliff, of the same town, 
who was also burned; Major Matthew Mitchell, who fought in the 
Pequot War; John Parmelee of Guilford, who came over with Whit- 
field ; Samuel Newton, a Captain in King Philip's War ; Miles Mer- 
win, a lieutenant in the French and Indian War, and Burwell and 
Abner Newton, soldiers in the Revolution. 

The parents of Henry Gleason Newton were Gaylord and Nancy 
Maria Merwin Newton. The father was a farmer, who taught in the 
district school in the winter, was a captain in the militia, selectman 
and assessor, and for forty years a deacon in the First Congregational 
Church in Durham. The mother was a woman of good education and 
strong intellect, who was earnest and faithful in all duties, particularly 
those of church and home. She died when her son was but thirteen 
years old, but not before she had imparted to him studious habits and 
literary tastes. The books which were his most influential reading in 
boyhood were Prescott's History of Mexico, Pilgrim's Progress, the 
Star Papers, and Dr. Bacon's articles in the New York Independent. 
The Quarry District School and the Academy of Durham furnished 

246 




-^-^^^^-^^yy^^t^l-'t^c^ 



HENRY GLEASON NEWTOF. 



247 



Henry Newton's preliminary education. He entered Wesleyan Uni- 
versity with the class of 1865, but his health failed repeatedly, and he 
did not graduate until 1870. In the mean time he taught school in and 
near Durham and worked on his father's farm. While in college he be- 
came a member of the Eclectic Fraternity and of the Wesleyan Chap- 
ter of Phi Beta Kappa. After completing the academic course at 
Wesleyan, Mr. Newton entered Yale Law School, where he was 
graduated in 1872 as valedictorian of his class and took prizes for the 
best common law and civil law essays. 

As soon as his professional education was completed Mr. Newton 
began the practice of law in New Haven, and he has worked at his 
profession in that city continuously since that time. His success has 
been rapid and full in measure, and he is now one of the foremost 
lawyers in the State. He has been attorney for C. Cowles & Company, 
for the Yale National Bank of New Haven, for Brown Brothers of 
New York, and for William Jennings Bryan in the matter of the 
Bennett will. He has conducted many cases in the Supreme Court. 
He assisted in the most extensive revision of the " Civil Officer," and 
wrote the chapter on probate law contained in that work. Since the 
passing of the bankruptcy law in 1898, he has been referee in bank- 
ruptcy. He is the author of the article on bankruptcy in the Ency- 
clopedia Brittanica, and of the history of Durham in the " History of 
Middlesex Coimty." He is a member of the American Bar Associa- 
tion. 

In public affairs Mr. Newton has always been active, giving his 
services unselfishly, and always endeavoring to " help the right side." 
He is loyal to the Eepublican party in politics. In 1885 he repre- 
sented Durham in the General Assembly, and was house chairman of 
the judiciary committee during that session. In 1886 he was re- 
elected to the General Assembly by one vote. He claimed a mis- 
count, contested his own election as attorney for his competitor and 
succeeded in having himself unseated and his opponent seated at the 
opening of the second day of the session, the shortest time on record. 
In 1895 he represented New Haven in the Legislature and was chair- 
man of the committee on humane institutions. He obtained the pas- 
sage of a bill for a State reformatory and secured the adoption of a 
number of important laws which still survive. 



248 HENRY GLEASON NEWTON. 

In religion Mr. Newton is an earnest Congregationalist, having 
been active in Plymouth Church and Sunday School of New Haven 
for over thirty years, and a deacon in the Congregational Church in 
Durham since 1858. He has been chairman of the board of directors 
of the City Missionary Association of New Haven since its organiza- 
tion and he is a director and trustee of the Young Men's Christian 
Association of New Haven. For many years Mr. Newton was chair- 
man of the committee on moral legislation of the General Conference 
of Congregational Churches of Connecticut. 

In addition to his professional, political, and religious activities 
Mr. Newton is a trustee of the Farmers and Mechanics' Savings 
Bank of Middletown, a director in the Yale National Bank of New 
Haven, a member of the Sons of the American Eevolution, of 
the Society of Colonial Wars, and of the Graduates' and Union 
League Clubs of New Haven. Mrs. Newton was Sarah Allen Bald- 
win, M.D., of Cromwell, Connecticut, whom he married September 
11th, 1885. No children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Newton. 



JOSEPH LOOMIS BARTLETT 

BAETLETT, JOSEPH LOOMIS, fanner and tobacco dealer and 
a leader in the town affairs of Simsbury, Connecticut, was bom 
in East Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut, March 11th, 
1835, the son of Joseph S. and Emeline Strong Bartlett. His first 
ancestor in America was Eobert Bartlett, who came from England to 
Boston in 1633 and settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Eobert 
Bartlett moved to Hartford with Hooker's band in 1639 and was 
made first selectman there. In 1655 he removed to Northampton, 
where he was made first selectman, and was killed there by the Indians 
in King Philip's War in 1676. Tracing his ancestry still farther 
back Mr. Bartlett is descended from Adam Bartelot, a Norman 
who came to England with William the Conqueror and founded the 
English branch of the family. Joseph S. Bartlett, Mr. Bartletfs 
father, was a farmer by occupation and a man of integrity and 
honesty, who held many civil oflBces of importance in East Windsor 
and Simsbury and was in command of the 25th Eegiment, Con- 
necticut Militia. 

In boyhood Joseph Bartlett was strong and healthy, and, as he 
was brought up on his father's farm, his early days were busy with the 
usual tasks that make up farm life. He had plenty to occupy his 
mind and employ his hands, and the habits of "thinking and do- 
ing " were firmly established. There were many obstacles in the way 
of his acquiring an education, but he was successful in overcoming 
them and in addition to the district school he studied at the select 
schools of Simsbury, the Connecticut Literary Institute, and Wil- 
braham Academy. He enjoyed all kinds of instructive reading and 
was keenly interested in history and the biographies of great men. 
His first work after leaving school was teaching, which he engaged 
in for several years, working on the farm in the summer months. 

Since 1859 Mr. Bartlett has been extensively interested in general 
farming and tobacco raising, packing, and selling, and he has been a 
most successful and model farmer. In connection with his farm 

249 



250 JOSEPH LOOMIS BAETLETT. 

he has a large dairy and cider mill and many acres of tobacco land. 
Although he is a farmer on a large scale he has found time for many 
public interests and services. When he was but twenty-one he was 
elected a member of the board of school visitors and appointed acting 
school visitor by the board, which position he held twelve successive 
years. In 1869 he was elected judge of probate and held this po- 
sition three terms. In 1875 he was appointed deputy sheriff of Hart- 
ford County and served six years. For seven years he was treasurer 
of the town school committee and he has always been actively inter- 
ested in all educational matters. In 1901 he was Simsbury's delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention and answered every call during its 
session. He has always voted the regular Democratic ticket and been 
a leader of that political party. 

Mrs. Bartlett's maiden name was Ellen Maria Weston. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bartlett were married in 1858 and they have five children living, 
though ten have been born to them. The names of the children living 
are: Joseph L., Jr., Mrs. Mary J. Cheseboro, Mrs. Emeline S. 
Spires, Mrs. Isabella White, and John. The family home is in Sims- 
bury. 





du/d^d. iO, ^Mi^d^ ,^ 



EDWARD BUTLER DUNBAR 

DUNBAE, EDWAED BUTLEE, president of the Bristol Na- 
tional Bank, former state senator, and the head of the manu- 
facturing firm of Dunbar Brothers of Bristol, Hartford 
Coimt}% Connecticut, was born in that town, November 1st, 1843. The 
Dunbar family is a very old one of Scottish extraction, and takes its 
name from the ancient Scottish city of Dunbar. Eobert Dunbar, who 
started the American branch of the family, came from Scotland to 
Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1655. He was succeeded by three John 
Dunbars, the last of whom, born in 1724, had five sons who fought 
in the Eevolution. One of these sons. Miles Dunbar, was the great- 
grandfather of Edward Butler Dunbar, and his son Butler Dunbar, 
Mr, Dunbar's grandfather, was a musician in the War of 1812 under 
John Buckingham, and later settled in Bristol and became engaged 
in the clock business. His son, Mr, Dunbar's father, also lived in 
Bristol and was a manufacturer of clock springs and trimmings. He 
was a man of great honesty and industry, and a zealous promoter of 
all public affairs. He was instrumental in the erection of the town 
hall of Bristol and in organizing a fire department there. He repre- 
sented Bristol in the General Assembly in 1862. Mr. Dunbar's 
mother was Julia Warner of Farmington. 

Mr. Dunbar spent the years of his youth in Bristol and was edu- 
cated in the common schools there, supplementing that training later 
at the Williston Seminary, East Hampton, Massachusetts. At the 
age of seventeen he went to New York to be assistant manager of the 
hoop-skirt factory of Dunbar and Barnes, in which his father had 
been a partner, and in two years became head manager of that busi- 
ness. Three years later fashion's decree abolished the hoop-skirt and 
the business was abandoned. Mr. Dunbar then returned to Bristol 
and entered the firm of Dunbar Brothers, manufacturers of clock 
springs, started by his father and carried on so successfully by the 
"Brothers" of this generation. From its crude and primitive be- 
ginning the business has developed into a most flourishing and 

251 



254 EDWARD BUTLER DUNBAR. 

advanced industry, turning out many millions of delicate springs 
annually. 

In public spirit and activity as well as in business Mr. Dunbar 
has been truly " his father's son." He has worked steadily for the 
improvement of the fire department which his father organized, and 
during his long chairmanship of the Board of Fire Commissioners 
he has done much to increase the efiBciency of that department. Mr. 
Dunbar has always taken a keen interest in the advancement of 
education, and, as chairman of the Bristol High School Committee, 
he has helped that school become one of the best in the State. 

Since his first vote Mr. Dunbar has been a staunch and active 
Democrat, and he has held many offices in the gift of his party. For 
twenty years he was a member of the Democratic Town Committee 
and its chairman for six years. He represented his town in the 
General Assembly in 1869 and again in 1881. In 1884 he was elected 
state senator and re-elected in 1886. He has been a capable chairman 
of many important public and municipal committees. Mr. Dunbar 
understands well the standpoint of the laboring man and has always 
worked sympathetically for the laboring man's best interest, as his 
worthy stand on the child labor question showed. 

In addition to his other positions and interests Mr. Dunbar is 
vice-president of the Bristol Savings Bank, vice-president of the 
Board of Trade of Bristol, and of the Free Public Library Board. 
Fraternally Mr. Dunbar is a member of Reliance Council No. 753 
Royal Arcanum. In creed Mr. Dunbar is a Congregationalist, and he 
has been chairman of the committee of the society of the Congrega- 
tional Church. For four years he was president of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of Bristol. 

On December 23d, 1875, Mr. Dunbar married Alice Giddings of 
Bristol. They have had three children, two of whom, a daughter and 
a son, are now living. Mr. Dunbar died at his home, May 9th, 1907. 



LOUIS VALENTINE PIRSSON 

PIESSON, PKOFESSOE LOUIS VALENTINE, M.A., of 
Yale University, is the son of Francis M. Pirsson, a New 
York business man, and Louise Butt Pirsson. His great- 
grandfather, William Pirsson, came from Chelmsford, England, about 
the beginning of the nineteenth century, and settled in New York 
City. 

Louis Valentine Pirsson was born on November 3d, 1860, in New 
York City, and the fact that in childhood he was rather delicate 
caused his family to send him into the country to live, and there, while 
he was building up a good physique, he acquired imconsciously a taste 
for nature, and natural science in particular. 

After studying at Amenia Seminary, Amenia, N. Y., and at 
South Berkshire Institute at New Marlboro, Mass., he entered the 
Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University, where he was graduated 
in 1882. He continued his studies in the graduate course here and 
at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, and the University of 
Paris. Yale conferred upon him the degree of M.A. in 1903. 

The year after his graduation, in 1883, he was appointed assist- 
ant in the chemical laboratory of Sheffield Scientific School. After 
two years he was appointed instructor. In 1889 he went to the Brook- 
lyn Polytechnic Institute as assistant professor in analytical chemistry 
and for two years thereafter he was assistant in the United States 
Geological Survey. From 1892 to 1894 he was instructor in lithology 
and geology, assistant professor in inorganic geology from 1894 to 
1897, and since 1897 professor of physical geology at Sheffield Scien- 
tific School. 

His work for the United States Geological Survey has been of 
much importance. From 1895 to 1904 he was assistant geologist and 
special expert and he has been geologist since 1904. He is a specialist 
in petrography, and the publications of his many investigations in that 
field have been received with great interest by the scientific world. 

Among his other writings are : " Classifications of Igneous 

255 



266 LOUIS VALENTINE PIESSON. 

Eocks" (part author), 1903; many memoirs on the geology and 
petrography of the Castle, Little Belt, Highwood, Judith, Little 
Rocky, and Bearpaw Moimtains in Montana, published by the United 
States Geological Survey, and other papers on geological subjects 
published in scientific journals and in the proceedings of societies. 

He is a member of the geological societies of America, of Stock- 
holm, and of Washington ; of the Connecticut Academy of Science, of 
the Washington Academy of Science, of the Sigma Xi Society, and of 
the Graduates' Club and the Country Club of New Haven. Also he 
was a member of the Committee of the International Congress of 
Geologists which convened in Paris in 1903, and is assistant editor of 
the American Journal of Science, New Haven. 

A Republican in politics, he is a man of independent ideas rather 
than a partisan. He attends the Congregational Church. For recre- 
ation he indulges in out-of-door sports and in geological studies of 
nature. 

His wife is Eliza Trumbull Brush, daughter of Director George 
J. Brush of SheflBeld Scientific School, whom he married on May 17th, 
1902. Their home is at 41 Trumbull street. New Haven. 



BENJAMIN RHODES STILLMAN 

S TILLMAN, BENJAMIN EHODES, secretary of the National 
Fire Insurance Company of Hartford and one of the most 
prominent and able fire insurance underwriters in New Eng- 
land, was born in the town of Adams, Jefferson County, New 
York, March 31st, 1853, the son of Benjamin Franklin Stillman, a 
merchant, and Sarah Rhodes Stillman. He is descended from George 
Stillman, who came from Steeple-Ashton, England, to America in 
1635. Mr. Stillman lost his father in early boyhood and he set to 
work at an early age to take his father's place in supporting the 
family. He was a healthy, ambitious boy who preferred starting 
early in business to the college career his mother desired for him, so 
that although he fitted for college at the Oswego High School and 
passed the entrance examinations for Hamilton College he never 
entered that institution. In 1868 he became a clerk for Mollison & 
Hastings, insurance agents, millers, and vessel owners at Oswego, New 
York, thus beginning to earn his living at the age of fifteen. He won 
this first position in a competitive examination and held it for three 
years, at the end of which he was offered an interest in the insurance 
branch of the business with which he was identified two years longer. 
At the age of twenty-one Mr. Stillman founded the firm of Shepard 
& Stillman, insurance agents, which he maintained until he was 
appointed special agent of the Watertown Fire Insurance Company 
in 1877 which involved his removal to New York City. Later he 
returned to their home office in Watertown, New York, where he 
assisted in negotiations which resulted in the sale of the company to 
the Sun Fire Office of London, of which he became assistant general 
agent in 1882. 

In 1883 Mr. Stillman moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, to 
become general agent at the home office of the Springfield Fire and 
Marine Insurance Company and remained there until 1890, when he 
resigned to become secretary of the Safety Car Heating and Lighting 
Company of New York City. He soon realized that any other business 
13 267 



258 BENJAMIN RHODES STILLMAN 

than insurance was uncongenial, secured release from his contract 
and became, in 1891, assistant secretary of the National Fire In- 
surance Company of Hartford. In 1900 he was made secretary of this 
company and still fills the position. In 1889 Mr. Stillman was 
president of the New England Fire Insurance Exchange, he was an 
organizer and original trustee of the Insurance Library Association 
of Boston, a member of the committee of organization of the New 
England Bureau of United Inspection and one of the original directors 
of the Insurance Club of Boston. His experience in fire under- 
writing has been a very large and valuable one and his part in making 
the history of fire insurance in New England has been in due pro- 
portion. 

Mr. Stillman has always voted the Republican ticket, though he 
has been too busy to hold political office. He is a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, of the Hartford Club, the Hartford 
Golf Club, the Republican Club of Hartford, the Country Club of 
Farmington, the New England Insurance Exchange, and the Insur- 
ance Club of Boston, In October, 1880, Mr. Stillman married Jennie 
Louise Whitney of Oswego, New York. They have had two children, 
Daisy Gilbert, now the wife of George M. Holbrook of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and Cyrus Whitney, who died at the age of nine years. 




U^yi^i>U^C^^z//y/ 




ANDREW B. HENDRYX 

HENDEYX, ANDREW B., president of the Andrew B. 
Hendryx (Manufacturing) Company, was born in South- 
bury, New Haven County, Connecticut, on April 7th, 1834. 
His mother was Eosette Booth, a woman of great force of character, 
and his father was Wilson E. Hendryx, a manufacturer and inventor, 
a man of rigid religious principles and genial disposition. On his 
mother's side Mr. Hendryx is descended from Eichard Booth, who 
came from England and settled in Stratford, Connecticut, in 1640, 
He is also descended from Michael Han, who came from Germany 
to Newtown, Connecticut, in 1752. Another of Mr. Hendryx's an- 
cestors, William Hendricks, was governor of Indiana in 1822, and was 
three times a representative in Congress and twice a senator. Mr. 
Hendryx is also related to Thomas Andrews Hendricks, who was 
Vice-President of the United States from 1884-88. 

As a boy Mt. Hendryx was robust and active, and his rugged 
constitution and life in the country made him naturally industrious. 
From the first he evinced decided mechanical genius and an investi- 
gating turn of mind. He read mechanical works with especial inter- 
est and took great pleasure in the study of mechanical drawing. 
He was obliged to work the greater part of the time, and he deems 
this to have been the best possible preparation for his later business 
life. At eleven he began to support himself and after that he never 
attended school in the daytime, though he studied at night school 
until he was twenty-five. At twenty-three he was in charge of one 
of the largest machine shops in New York City. At thirty he started 
the paper-box business in Ansonia, Conn. Five years later he started 
the brass bird-cage business in Ansonia, which was later moved to New 
Haven. This company is now the Andrew B. Hendryx Company, of 
which Mr. Hendryx is the president. Much of the company's success 
is due to his many patented inventions and improved methods of man- 
ufacture. 

261 



262 ANDREW B. HENDRYX. 

On October 19th, 1857, Mr. Hendryx was married to Mary A. 
Hotchkiss. Five children have been bom to Mr. and Mrs. Hendryx, 
but three of whom are now living, Mrs. George T. Doolittle of Spo- 
kane, Washington; Mrs. John H. E^lock, and Nathan W. Hendryx, 
of New Haven. Mr. Hendryx is not a member of any secret orders, 
the Quinnipiack and Union League Clubs of New Haven being the 
only societies to which he belongs. In politics he is and has always 
been a Republican. His favorite relaxation from business is found in 
farming and trout fishing. 

When asked to give others the benefit of his experience in winning 
success in life Mr. Hendryx expresses his advice in one brief but sig- 
nificant word, which is " Work." He has always been actuated by a 
desire to be independent and to experience the pleasures of true 
success, and he has achieved the results he desired by his own merit 
and industry. Mr. Hendrj^x died at his home, May 9th, 1907. 



WILLIAM EDWARD MEAD 

MEAD, WILLIAM EDWAKD, Ph.D., educator, author, lec- 
turer, and professor of English at Wesleyan University, was 
bom at Gallupville, Schoharie County, New York, October 
25th, 1860. He belongs to that branch of Meads who came from Eng- 
land and settled in Greenwich, Connecticut, about 1640. His great- 
grandfather, Edward Tucker, a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, 
came from England to America about 1785. The Meads have been 
prominent citizens of Connecticut from earliest Colonial times. Dr. 
Mead's father was Merritt Bates Mead, a clergyman of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, a high-minded man and one of great independence 
in thought and action. Dr. Mead's mother was Lucenia A. Tucker 
Mead. 

Passing his early life mostly in the country or in large towns 
William Edward Mead had plenty of time for long walks over the 
hills and for boating and reading. Another favorite occupation was 
making collections of coins, minerals, and books, in all of which be 
was greatly interested. He studied English literature, history, and 
the languages and classics with great interest, and as he had few 
manual tasks to perform he had ample opportunity to cultivate these 
intellectual tastes. He studied at the high school in Plattsburg, 
N. Y., and Brandon, Vermont, and then entered Wesleyan University, 
where he was graduated in 1881 with the degree of B.A. For a 
year after his graduation he remained at Wesleyan as a graduate 
student and assistant librarian. From 1882 to 1887 he was engaged 
in teaching in secondary schools, with the exception of intervals of 
travel and study in Europe, and during the latter part of that time 
he was principal of the high school in Troy, N. Y. In 1884 he re- 
ceived the degree of M.A, at Wesleyan, and he spent three months of 
that year traveling in England, Scotland, France, and Belgium. 
In 1886 he spent two months in Germany and in 1887 he entered the 
University of Leipzig for the purpose of studying Germanic and 

263 



264 



WILLIAM EDWARD MEAD. 



Komance philology. In 1889 he received the degree of Ph.D., magna 
cum laude, from Leipzig, and after taking this degree he spent one 
semester in further study in Berlin. During the vacations of these 
years of University work he traveled in Germany, Switzerland, Hol- 
land, Belgium, France, Italy, and England, and in 1891 he spent 
three months in Iceland and the Faroe Islands. He spent several 
months at the Ecole des Chartes in Paris, studying paleography and 
the Komance languages, and he also engaged in researches at the 
Bibliotheque Rationale in Paris and at the British Museum in Lon- 
don on the manuscript sources of early English romances. 

In 1890 Dr. Mead returned to the United States and was ap- 
pointed associate professor of the English language in Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, in 1893 he became professor of that subject and he still holds 
the chair. He has spent most of the summer vacations during his 
professorship in Middletown in travel in this country and in Europe, 
and has made three interesting cycling tours in England and France. 
During the summer quarter of 1903 he conducted courses in Middle 
English at the University of Chicago, and also delivered several 
public lectures before that university. In 1904 he spent seven months 
traveling in Spain, Sicily, Italy, Austria, and Switzerland. From 
1897 to 1903 he was secretary of the pedagogical section of the 
Modem Language Association of America, and in 1906 he became 
secretary and treasurer of the American Dialect Society. 

William Edward Mead is the author of the following works: 
Selections from Malory's Morte D'arthur, The Squyr of Lowe Degre, 
Versification of Pope in Its Eelation to the Seventeenth Century 
(his Leipzig thesis). Elementary Composition and Rhetoric, Lan- 
guage Lessons (with W. F. Gordy), Grammar Lessons (also with W. 
F. Gordy), and outlines of the History of the Legend of Merlin. He 
has also made many noteworthy contributions to literary magazines 
and philological journals. He is a member of the college fraternities, 
Phi Beta Kappa and Psi Upsilon and of the University and Conver- 
sational Clubs of Middletown. He usually votes the Republican 
ticket, and his religious connections are with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He spends more time in physical recreation than most men 
do, and particularly enjoys walking and bicycling. Mrs. Mead, whom 
he married in June, 1893, was Kate Campbell Hurd. They have no 
children. 



WILLIAM EDWARD MEAD. 265 

The advice of a scholar of such high rank as Dr. William E. 
Mead is well worth heeding, because his own life proves the practical 
value of that advice and proclaims him a striking embodiment of 
the principles he suggests. In his opinion " the average young Ameri- 
can must rid himself of the notion that he is entitled to have some- 
thing for nothing, and that he need not exert himself to master what- 
ever subject he undertakes to treat. This is, in the scholarly world at 
least, increasingly true.'* 



GEORGE HARE FORD 

FORD, GENERAL GEORGE HARE, one of New Haven's 
prominent merchants and business men, a man of influence 
in many departments of the corporate life of that city, a mem- 
ber and director of many incorporated institutions, ex-president of 
the Chamber of Commerce in New Haven, a prominent club member, 
and president of the Ford Company and the Grilley Company, was 
bom in Milford, Connecticut, in 1848. He is of pure New England 
stock on both branches of his ancestral tree and is in direct line of 
descent from the founders of Massachusetts Bay and New Haven 
Colonies, one of whom, Thomas Ford, St., came to New England's 
shores in the ship " Mary and John " in 1632 and was a member of 
the Massachusetts Bay Colony, settling first in Dorchester, Massa- 
chusetts, later being one of the original settlers of Windsor in 1633 
and a deputy under Governor Haynes. His son, Thomas Ford, Jr., 
was one of the original founders of the town of Milford, where he 
settled in 1639. On his mother's side General Ford is a direct de- 
scendant of Thomas Tibbals, who came to New England on the " True 
Love " in 1635 and won honor and renown for his invaluable services 
rendered the brave Captain John Mason in the Pequot War, for which 
he was honored with a special grant of land from the Colony in what 
is now the town of Milford. The General's father was Merritt Ford, 
who died in 1888. 

After receiving a good education at the Milford High School 
George Hare Ford began his business career with one of the most 
noted old-time merchants in New Haven, Deacon Everard Benjamin, 
a man distinguished for the purity and excellence of his personal 
character, and under whose guidance he quickly developed his natural 
business capacity, foresight, tact, and enterprise, and soon won for 
himself a high place in the mercantile life of New Haven. In 1865 
he was honored with an election to membership in the New Haven 
Grays, and in 1871 he was appointed commissary-general of the 



GEORGE HAKE FORD 269 

state on the stail of the late Governor Bigelow. He is now president 
of the Ford Company, president of the Grilley Company, a director 
in the Merchant's National Bank, a trustee of the New Haven Orphan 
Asylum and a trustee of the New Haven Yacht Club. For three 
years, in 1896, 1897, and 1898, General Ford was president of the 
New Haven Chamber of Commerce, the oldest Chamber of Commerce 
but one in the United States, and as head of this important and his- 
toric civic body he gave freely to the duties of that office his cus- 
tomary energy and executive talent, the result being that during his 
administration the membership of the Chamber was increased from 
three hundred and fifty to five himdred and fifty. Under his active 
leadership many important public improvements were achieved, and 
one of the most noteworthy was the securing of a survey of New 
Haven Harbor and an appropriation of $345,000 from Congress for 
the improvement of that harbor. General Ford is an ex-president of 
General David Humphrey's Branch of the Connecticut Society of 
Sons of the American Revolution, a hereditary member of the Society 
of Colonial Wars, and an ex-president of both the Ansantawae and 
Quinnipiack Clubs of New Haven, having been president of the latter 
club for seven years. 

In 1871 General Ford married Mary A. Lewis, daughter of the 
late Hon. John C. Lewis of Terryville, speaker of the Connecticut 
House of Representatives in 1849, and she died in April, 1900. Late 
in 1901 General Ford was married a second time in Lucerne, Switzer- 
land, to Madame Ruth Leonard Lauranius, a native of Maryland, but 
a resident of Rome, Italy, for twenty-five years. General and Mrs. 
Ford spend a part of each year at her former home in Rome. He is 
a great lover of travel and has crossed the Atlantic thirty times and 
acquired great familiarity with foreign lands. He is greatly in- 
terested in historical subjects and has contributed historical articles 
to various magazines, besides having made a number of public ad- 
dresses on historical subjects before important social bodies in Con- 
necticut. His love of history is akin to his intense and unwearying 
public spirit, which makes him an ardent promoter of civic and pub- 
lic welfare. He is an indefatigable and systematic worker, persistent 
in whatever he undertakes, and this quality coupled with his great 
executive ability and honorable business principles enables him to 



270 GEORGE HARE FORD 

transact a vast amount of business and fill many positions of trust 
with comparative ease. In politics he is a staunch Republican, yet 
deferential to the views of others. His interest in helping young 
men, his warm loyalty to his friends, and his many admirable quali- 
ties of mind and heart have won for him the staunchest friendship 
and the warmest regard of his fellow citizens. 



WILLIAM LYON PHELPS 

PHELPS, WILLIAM LYON", M.A., Ph.D., Lampson, professor 
of English literature in Yale University, is one of the family 
of Phelps of which the American progenitor was William 
Phelps, who came from England and settled in Windsor, Conn., in 1638. 
He also is a lineal descendant of Theophilus Eaton of New Haven, 
governor of Connecticut. 

His father was the Eev. Sylvanus Dryden Phelps, D.D., a Baptist 
clergyman, editor of the " Christian Secretary,'* and a poet whose vol- 
umes of verse are well known; his mother was Sophia Emilia (Linds- 
ley) Phelps. He was born in New Haven on January 2d, 1865, and 
from earliest childhood has lived in a literary atmosphere and has been 
encouraged in his scholarly ambitions. His mother's precepts and ex- 
ample assisted greatly in the development of the spiritual side of 
his life, and of the influences upon his career, in order of relative 
strength, he gives : " Home, private study, contact with men, school." 
The books which he believes have been most helpful to him are the 
Bible, Froude's " Life of Carlyle," Goethe's writings, and Shakes- 
peare. 

It was his good fortune to prepare for college at the Hartford 
Public High School, where he was graduated in 1883. Entering 
Yale that fall, he found and improved every opportunity to make 
himself better acquainted with the best poets, authors, and historians, 
graduating with the class of 1887. And after college he continued his 
pursuit of knowledge, taking a two-years' graduate course and winning 
the degree of Ph.D. at Yale after he had spent a year as instructor in 
English at Westminster School, at Dobbs Ferry, New York. At Har- 
vard, in 1891, he earned the degree of M.A. 

In 1892 he was appointed an instructor in English literature at 
Yale, and in 1901 he was selected to fill the chair of Lampson professor 
of English, his present position. But his activities are not confined to 
class-room work. His services are in constant demand as a lecturer 
on literary topics in various cities. 

271 



272 WILLIAM LYON PHELPS. 

Nor yet is this the limit of his interests. His native enthusiasm 
and earnestness of purpose lead him to enlist the best that is within 
him in whatever appeals to his faculties. In Michigan, he was a dele- 
gate to the Eepublican convention in 1896, and that year he addressed 
many political meetings in that State in behalf of McKinley's can- 
didacy for the presidency. Fond of music, he is president of the New 
Haven Choral Union, and thoughtful of the material as well as of the 
mental welfare of the college men, he is president of the Yale Co- 
operative Corporation, one of the most beneficent of institutions and 
one, furthermore, which requires of its president a good measure of 
business tact. He was a member of Psi Upsilon in college and be- 
longs to the Yale Club, New York, and to the Graduates' Club, the 
Lawn Club, and the Coimtry Club in New Haven. In politics he is 
a Republican, and in religion a Baptist. His chief recreation he finds 
in golf, tennis, baseball and shooting. 

Professor Phelps' publications include : " The Beginnings of the 
English Romantic Movement" (1893), and "The Permanent Con- 
tribution of the Nineteenth Century to English Literature" (1901), 
while he has edited " Selections from the Poetry and Prose of Thomas 
Gray" (1894), Irving's "Tales of a Traveler" (1894), Irving's 
"Sketch Book" (1895), "The Best Plays of Chapman" (1895), 
Shakespeare's " As You Like It" (1896), the novels of Samuel Rich- 
ardson (twenty volumes, 1902-3), Thackeray's "Henry Esmond" 
(1902), Jane Austen's novels (1906), and Stevenson's Essays (1906) 
— these in addition to frequent contributions to periodicals. 

He married Miss Annabel Hubbard of Huron City, Michigan, 
on December 21st, 1892. Their home is at No. 44 High street. New 
Haven. 

As elements for success and for higher ideals among American 
youth he names : " Energy and enthusiasm, coupled with modesty and 
a sense of humor." 








■<^^^^ / ^i5U/ 02^ 




SETH JACOB HALL 

HALL, SETH JACOB, a prominent business man of Meriden, 
Connecticut, was bom in Middletown, Middlesex County, 
Connecticut, September 4th, 1839. He is descended from 
John Hall, who was born in England in 1605, and came to Hartford 
probably with the Kev. Thomas Hooker, and was one of the founders 
of Wallingford, Connecticut. Comfort Hall, Mr. Hall's grandfather, 
owned extensive farm lands in Middletown, and was one of the early 
and most zealous Methodists. Mr. Hall's father was Sylvester Hall, 
a farmer and school teacher whose chief characteristics were intelli- 
gence, honesty, and industry. He filled various offices in Middletown 
being selectman, assessor, and captain of the Fourth Regiment of 
Cavalry in the militia of the State of Connecticut. Mr. Hall's mother 
was Rosetta Johnson, whom he remembers as " a good Christian 
mother." 

Mr. Hall passed his youth in the country at work on his father's 
farm. He was educated in the district school and later, for a few 
months, at a private school. He studied at home after that and fitted 
himself to be a district school teacher. A friend's advice encouraged 
him to prepare himself for teaching and, though he was his ovni 
school of pedagogy, he taught with great success for nine consecutive 
winters in the vicinity of Middletovm. In 1857 he entered the employ 
of a hardware firm in Meriden, teaching during the dull periods of 
business. In 1861 he started there in the flour business, and later 
the coal and feed business was added, which he has followed ever 
since with great success. On October 14th, 1860, Mr. Hall married 
Lois Blakeslee. Eive children have been born to them, four of whom 
are now living, 

A lifelong Democrat, Mr. Hall has received many honors from 
his fellow townsmen. His service to this city has been as efficient 
as it has been extensive. He has been councilman, alderman, 
town treasurer, selectman, and member of the board of relief. He 
has also served on the board of apportionment and taxation since 

275 



276 BETH JACOB HALL. 

1897. He has been trustee and treasurer of the State Keform School, 
and is at present trustee, incorporator, and treasurer of the Meriden 
Hospital, and also treasurer and trustee of the Y. M. C. A., and a 
member of the building committee. He has been for many years a 
member of the board of appraisal of the City Savings Bank of 
Meriden, and vice-president and director of the Meriden National 
Bank. He was president and treasurer of the Meriden & Middletown 
Turnpike Company, which is not in existence at the present time. 
From 1891 to 1895 Mr, Hall was state senator from the sixth district. 
Mr. Hall has taken an active interest in religious and educational 
matters. He is a Baptist and was for sixteen years a deacon in the 
First Baptist Church of Meriden, of which church he has also been 
a trustee. He is vice-president and trustee of the Baptist Seaside 
Eesort Association at Niantic, Connecticut, 

Mr. Hall has won success as a teacher and as a business man 
through dependence upon his own resources. He has overcome many 
discouragements through his worthy resolution "to take hold and 
never let go.'' 



JOSEPH HOPKINS TWICHELL 

TWICHELL, EEV. JOSEPH HOPKINS, M.A., pastor of the 
Asylum Hill Congregational Church of Hartford, Connecticut, 
fellow of Yale University, scholar and writer, was bom in 
Southington, Hartford County, Connecticut, May 27th, 1838. He 
is a descendant of Joseph Twichell, a member of Thomas Hooker's his- 
toric band, who was made a freeman of the Massachusetts Colony in 
1634. Mr. Twichell's father was Edward Twichell, a manufacturer of 
Southington, where he was deacon in the Congregational Church and 
greatly honored for his industry, integrity and piety. His wife, Mr. 
Twichell's mother, was Selina Delight Carter who died when her son 
was a young lad, 

A vigorous, active country boy, Joseph Twichell spent many hours 
of his early life at work in his father's factory and fields. He was, 
however, able to secure a thorough education, for which he laid the 
foundation at Lewis Academy, Southington. He entered Yale with 
the class of 1859 and was graduated in due time with the degree of 
B.A. His ambition was to be a minister of the Gospel, and as soon as 
he completed his academic education he entered Union Theological 
Seminary, where he studied for two years. 

The desire to serve his country and to work for his Master opened 
but one course of action to Joseph Twichell's mind at the outbreak of 
the Civil War and on April 25th, 1861, he became chaplain of the 
71st Kegiment, New York State Volunteers. This was his first work 
as a minister of the Gospel and he continued in this ministry until 
the muster out of his regiment July 30th, 1864. He then entered An- 
dover Seminary, there finishing his theological course, and on Decem- 
ber 13th, 1865, was installed pastor of the Asylum Hill Congregational 
Church of Hartford, Connecticut, of which he has been pastor ever 
since that date and a leader in the religious and intellectual life in 
his city. 

The chief interests of Mr, Twichell's life outside of his imme- 
diate pastoral cares have been of an intellectual nature. He is well 

277 



278 JOSEPH HOPKINS TWITOHELL. 

known as the author of " John Winthrop," published in 1891, 
of the "Makers of America " series and as editor of *' Some Old 
Puritan Love Letters/' published in 1893. He is a prominent 
member of the " Monday Evening Club " of Hartford and is greatly 
interested in all movements for the social and moral betterment of 
his city. He is identified with the Republican party in politics and 
takes a very keen interest in matters of State. His only fraternal 
connections are with the college societies Psi Upsilon and Scroll and 
Key, both of Yala When in college he pulled an oar on the Yale 
crew of 1889, and he has always been actively interested in outdoor 
life. His part in the history of Yale has not been confined to prom- 
inence as a student and an alumnus, for since 1874 he has been a 
fellow of the University. 

Mr. Twichell's home is at 125 Woodland street, Hartford, and 
his family consists of a wife and nine children. Mrs. Twichell, whom 
he married on November 1st, 1865, was Julia Harmony Cushman of 
Orange, New Jersey. 

For over forty years Mr. Twichell has given the ripe fruits and the 
untiring efforts of an earnest soul, an able mind and a vigorous con- 
stitution heartily and solely to the Christian ministry in one parish. 
His church has grown and prospered in numbers and increased "in 
faith and works" and his has been the chief inspiration and his 
the greatest work in bringing about this growth and development. 



THEODORE SALISBURY WOOLSEY 

WOOLSEY, THEODORE SALISBURY, LL.D., professor of 
International Law at Yale University since 1879, is the 
elder son of Theodore Dwight Woolsey, the eminent Greek 
scholar and professor, and for many years the beloved and honored 
president of Yale College. The direct ancestor of the Woolsey family 
in America was George Woolsey, who came from England to Massa- 
chusetts in 1623, and thence removed to Albany, New York, and later 
to New Amsterdam, New York, and finally to Flushing, Long Island. 
Professor Woolsey's ancestry also includes Jonathan Edwards, the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker, who founded Hartford and was instrumental in 
framing the world's first written constitution, Judge Edmund Quincy, 
James Pierpont, Chief Justice Smith, and Thomas Willet of New 
York. His mother, Elizabeth Martha Salisbury Woolsey of Boston, 
died while he was an infant. 

Professor Woolsey was born in New Haven on October 22d, 1862. 
In childhood he was not strong physically. He delighted in sports, 
however, and in those romantic pastimes which children of active 
mentality devise. With every facility to cultivate his taste for the 
best reading, his mind turned chiefly to history and law, and at an 
early age the abstruse problems of international law, in the solving of 
which his father had no superior, possessed a decided fascination for 
him. By systematic exercise and attention to athletics he built up his 
physical strength and has preserved it ever since. 

His preparatory course completed in the Hopkins Grammar 
School in New Haven, he entered Yale in 1867 and was graduated in 
the class of 1872 with the degree of B.A., to which was added that of 
M.A. in 1877. In college he was a member of the Psi Upsilon fra- 
ternity and of Skull and Bones, After graduation, he followed the 
bent of his mind and attended the Yale Law School, where he was 
graduated in 1876 with the degree of LL.B. The winter of 1874-5 he 
spent at the University of Leipzig, attending a course of lectiures on 
the Roman law, but he did not matriculate. In 1903, Brown Uni- 

14 279 



280 THEODOEE SALISBURY WOOLSET. 

versity gave him the degree of LL.D. Throughout his life he has de- 
voted much of his time to private study and in that is one of the main 
elements of his success. 

Following his graduation from the Yale Law School, he was ap- 
pointed instructor in public law in the University. That was in 1877. 
Two years later, in 1879, he received the appointment to his present 
position, that of professor in international law. Aside from class-room 
and lecture work, he is a conspicuous figure in public affairs, through his 
writings on topics relative to international law in various magazines 
and journals, and has become a leading authority when mooted points 
arise. In addition he has edited " Woolse/s International Law," 
sixth edition, and " Pomeroy^s International Law," and wrote the 
articles on international law in Johnson's Cyclopedia, new edition. 

With it all he has found time to interest himself in the affairs of 
his own community, where he was park commissioner for two years 
and where he has served three years as a member of the court of com- 
mon council. His politics are Eepublican, though he supported Cleve- 
land in both of his administrations. Also, his judgment is highly es- 
teemed in business circles, and he is a director of the New Haven 
National Bank. 

He has served as president of the Graduates' Club of New Haven 
and as governor of the Society of Colonial Wars of Connecticut, Other 
organizations in which he holds membership are the Century Associa- 
tion and the University Club of New York City, the University Club 
of Boston, and the Country Club of New Haven, He is a member of 
the Church of Christ in Yale College, Congregational. His favorite 
pastimes are deer-stalking and golf. He has traveled extensively in 
Europe. 

On December 22d, 1877, he married Miss Annie Gardner Salis- 
bury. Two sons have been bom to them, both of whom are living. 
The professor's residence is at No. 250 Church street. New Haven. 

Asked for his opinion, from his own observation and experience, 
as to the principles, methods, and habits of young men which will con- 
duce most to the strengthening of sound ideals in our American life, 
the professor replied, " I believe what we need is a higher standard of 
honor in our business and political life." 



EDWARD MILLER 

MILLEK, EDWARD, founder and president of one of the most 
important manufacturing concerns of Meriden, Connecticut, 
known as Edward Miller & Company, was bom August 10th, 
1827, in Wallingford, Connecticut, the son of Joel and Clarissa 
(Plum) Miller. His ancestry is traceable through eight generations 
to John Miller, who emigrated from Maidstone, Kent County, Eng- 
land, to Lynn, Massachusetts, removing thence to South Hampton, 
Long Island, about 1649. Jacob Miller, an ancestor in the fifth 
generation, ran a whaleboat during the Eevolutionary War and was 
the father of the Rev. Thomas Miller, a preacher in Long Island, and 
of the Rev. Samuel Miller, Mr. Edward Miller's grandfather, who 
was a minister in Wallingford for twenty-six years. 

When Mr. Miller was but two years old the family removed to 
Canastota, New York, where they lived eight years, then came back 
to Connecticut and settled on a farm which included the land through 
which Broad Street now runs and the present home of Mr. Miller 
in Meriden. The busy life of a farmer's boy left small opportunity 
to attend school, but he made the best use possible of the common 
schools of the district and of Post's Academy in Meriden, a school, 
however, which left its impress on some of Meriden's leading men. 
At fifteen he found employment in a factory making lamp screws, 
hoops, and candlestick springs, and after continuing at this work 
for several years he resolved to be a manufacturer himself, and the 
outcome of this resolution was the similar concern called Joel Miller 
& Son, in which he and his father began business in a small way. The 
son's thorough knowledge of his trade and determination to succeed 
won rapid results, and when Edward Miller was but twenty years old 
he bought up his father's interest and his own legal time up to his 
majority, giving his notes for $800.00 in payment. He managed 
the business so well that he paid his notes out of the profits in one 
year. This evidence of his business ability gave a promise of 
achievement that has been well fulfilled, for, though the business has 
met with loss by fire and financial panic, he has made it prosper and 
develop with exceptional rapidity. 

Ever on the alert to improve his products and increase the capacity 
of the business Mr. Miller has done much to advance the manufacture 
of brass goods. He was the first manufacturer in America to make 

283 



284 EDWAKD MILLEB 

and market the "Vienna Kerosene Burner," which at that time used 
oil distilled from coal, and this innovation was so successful that the 
factory equipment was taxed beyond its capacity, not only manufactur- 
ing the kerosene burner, but a great variety of other brass goods. In 
1866 Mr. Miller formed a joint stock company with several capital- 
ists under the corporate name of Edward Miller & Company and 
Edward Miller was elected president and has served as such ever 
since. The concern continued to grow steadily and to manufacture 
goods exceptional for their excellent quality and artistic designs, 
until to-day their goods are sold in all the markets of the world. In 
1884 the company began to manufacture the valuable "Rochester 
Lamp," and when competitors began to imitate it Mr. Miller devised 
the "Miller Lamp," on a scientific basis, and the best and simplest 
device on the market. This is one of many original devices and 
improvements for which he has patents. 

Building and perfecting his business has practically absorbed Mr. 
Miller's life. He has never taken any of the political honors that 
have been offered him, and his only public service has been a twelve 
years' membership in the city council. In early life he was identified 
with the Democratic party, but since the organization of the 
Republican party he has been an ardent supporter of its principles. 
One of his chief interests outside of those of business and home is 
in the Broad Street Baptist Church, Meriden, of which he is an 
active member, a generous supporter, and a member of the board 
of managers. In 1869 he presented the church with an excellent pipe 
organ. He is greatly interested in the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation and the Connecticut Literary Institute at Suffield, to both of 
which he has made substantial gifts. Until recent 3'ears Mr. Miller 
has enjoyed outdoor sports, fishing and hunting having been his 
favorite ones. 

On August 30th, 1848, Mr. Miller married Caroline M, Neal of 
Southington, Connecticut. Five children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Miller, three of whom survive, one daughter and two sons. Ed- 
ward Miller, Jr., is secretary and treasurer and Arthur E. Miller is 
superintendent of the company. The daughter. Layette A., is now 
Mrs. Charles G. Kendrick. 

To remember that Mr. Miller has spent sixty years in developing 
so highly the business that he chose for his life work is to realize 
the consistency and the value of his advice to others, which is, "What- 
ever you undertake as a life work, do it thoroughly and stick to it." 



FRANK CHAMBERLIN PORTER 

POETEE, PEOFESSOE FEANK CHAMBEELIN, D.D., of 
Yale Divinity School, inherits his fondness for biblical lore 
and no little of his talent from a long line of distinguished an- 
cestors, men whose names are immortal in theology in America. 
Among them are Jonathan Edwards, James Pierpont, one of the 
clergymen who contributed their books toward the foimding of Yale 
College at Saybrook, and Thomas Hooker, the divine who founded 
Hartford and inspired the world's first written constitution. Others 
who were conspicuous in New England's early history were Judge 
Edward Quincy and Josiah Quincy of Boston. The first of the family 
name in this country was John Porter, who emigrated from England 
about 1637 and who settled in Windsor, Connecticut, in 1638. 

Professor Porter, who was born in Beloit, Eock County, Wis., on 
January 5th, 1859, is the son of William Porter and Ellen Chapin 
Porter. William Porter has been Professor of Latin at Beloit College 
since 1852; though emeritus, he is still teaching, at the age of 
eighty-five. The son, healthy and strong, was heartily encouraged in 
his pursuit of learning, yet, while a child, by being set at odd Jobs 
about the house and garden, he was taught to respect the simple, 
daily tasks of the household. His mother's watchful care and kindly 
words of counsel produced a lasting impression on his spiritual and 
moral character. The youth's preferences in reading were philo- 
sophical works in college, and biblical study, historical in nature, in 
the divinity school. He says he owes much to Lotze's " Microcosmus " 
and to the historical writings of Wellhausen and Harnack. 

Preparing at Beloit Academy, he entered Beloit College, where, 
as valedictorian of his class, he was graduated in 1880, and received 
the degree of M.A. in 1883. He was at the Chicago Congregational 
Seminary in 1881-1882, at the Hartford Theological Seminary in 
1884-1885, and at the Yale Divinity School in 1885-1886, where he 
received his degree of B.D. For work from 1886 to 1889 at Yale, he 

285 



286 FRANK CHAMBERLIKT PORTER. 

was awarded the degree of Ph.D. Beloit honored him with the degree 
of D.D. in 1897. 

His first work was as a teacher for two years in the High School 
in Chicago, 1882-1884:. Immediately on completion of his graduate 
course at Yale, he was appointed instructor in Biblical Theology, in 
1889, and two years later was chosen to the Winkley professorship of 
Biblical Theology, which position he now holds. 

In following his natural choice of a profession, he had been 
favored by wise council at home and by capable teachers in leading in- 
stitutions. Fruit of his ripe scholarship appears in his class work 
and also in his writings, which embrace articles on the Apocrypha 
and the Book of Revelation in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible, 
and " Messages of the Apocalyptical Writers," published in 1905. He 
has in preparation books on " The Spirit of God and the Word of 
God in Modem Theology " and on " The Contemporary History of the 
New Testament," in Scribner's series of International Theological 
Text-books. 

In religion he is a Congregationalist, in politics a Republican. 
He is fond of wheeling and is systematic in his physical exercise. 
His wife is Delia W. Lyman, daughter of Professor C. S. Lyman of 
Yale, and they have two sons. Their home is at No. 266 Bradley 
street, New Haven. 

In reply to a query Professor Porter says : " My observation leads 
me to think that young Americans sometimes put too much de- 
pendence on self-confidence and self-assertion, and do not set out by 
hard work to make themselves the best equipped and most competent 
men in their chosen occupation, and hence, as experts, of indispensable 
value to society." 



FRANCIS ATWATER 

ATWATER, FKANCIS, printer, author and publisher, of Meri- 
den, Connecticut, was born in Plymouth, Litchfield County, 
Connecticut, December 3d, 1858. On his father's side Mr. 
Atwater is descended from David Atwater, one of the first settlers of 
New Haven, and on his mother's side from Benjamin Fenn, the first 
magistrate of New Haven, both of these ancestors coming from Eng- 
land. 

Mr. Atwater's father was Henry Atwater, a contracting mason, 
who was justice of peace, tax collector, in fact the " Village Squire " 
of Plymouth, his native village. He was an honest and upright man 
who meted out justice with a firm and exact hand. He died when 
Mr. Atwater was but six years old. Mr. Atwater's mother was 
Catherine Fenn, and as she died before her husband, Mr. Atwater's 
parental influence was confined to his earliest youth. Put under 
guardianship, young Mr. Atwater went to school for three years, and 
was then put on a farm to earn his living. His work was hard and 
the hours long, broken by meagre bits of schooling in the winter 
months. He found time for considerable reading, and was par- 
ticularly interested in historical works. Mr. Atwater began his life 
work as a " printer's devil " in Meriden, Connecticut. Though the 
hours were long and the duties manifold and lowly, the work was 
congenial and his progress rapid. Soon after he became thoroughly 
settled as a newspaper man, his health broke down and was very poor 
for twenty years, handicapping but not defeating his plans and am- 
bitions. 

In 1877 he founded the Windemere Weekly Forum at Walling- 
ford, Connecticut; in 1879 he became assistant foreman of the Hart- 
ford Courant; the following year he founded the Meriden Sunday 
New^s; in 1881 he became editor of the "Sentinel" in Red Bluff, 
California, whither he had gone for his health. In 1883 he became 
owner of a job printing plant in Meriden. Three years later he 
founded the Meriden Daily Journal, and became president of the 



290 FRANCIS ATWATER. 

Journal Publishing Company of Meriden, He organized and became 
president of the Meriden, Southington and Compounce Tramway 
Company. In 1899 he was in charge of the Red Cross Cuban recon- 
centrado asylimis. While in Cuba he published the first of all 
American daily newspapers ever printed on the Island. This is one 
of many of Mr. Atwater's original enterprises. He was from 1897 to 
1904, president of the Meriden Board of Trade, which he was in- 
strumental in organizing. 

Mr. Atwater was at one time owner of the New Britain Daily 
News, and the Waterbury Republican and is now owner of the T. H. 
Hubbard Paper Company of Boston. Besides these enterprises he 
is tlie author of the History of Plymouth, Connecticut, of the History 
of Kent, Connecticut, and of the Atwater History and Genealogy. 
He is a member of the American Publishers Association and of the 
National Typothetae. In 1904 he was candidate on the democratic 
ticket for state senator from the thirteenth district. In 1903 Mr. 
Atwater was made business manager of the American National Red 
Cross, having been previously identified with the association, at the 
request of Clara aBrton. 

In 1879 Mr. Atwater was married to Helena J. Sellew. Their 
only child, a son, was drowned at the age of twenty. 



WILLIAM CARVOSSO SHARPE 

SHARPE, WILLIAM CARVOSSO, editor of the Record, Sey- 
mour, is one of those local chroniclers and historians whose 
patient work is most precious to the general historian as the 
years go by. One of his ancestors, Thomas Sharpe, removed from 
Boston to Brookhaven, L. I., in 1665. His grandson, Thomas Sharpe, 
was one of the thirty-eight to whom the township of Newtown, Con- 
necticut, was granted in 1706. Another Thomas Sharpe fought in 
the Revolutionary War, grandson of the last-mentioned, and grand- 
father of William C. Sharpe. One of his ancestors on his mother's 
side also fought in the Revolutionary War. Mr. Sharpe's father 
was Lugrand Sharpe of Seymour, a man of the highest integrity, 
prominent in church and Sunday-school and public school work; his 
mother, Olive M. (Booth) Sharpe, instilled into him the principles of 
earnest, faithful, self-denying endeavor and devotion to duty. 

Mr. Sharpe was bom October 3d, 1839, in Seymour. After 
studying at the Glendenning Academy in that town he attended the 
Wesleyan Academy at Wilbraham, Massachusetts. For ten years he 
was a teacher in Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Penn- 
sylvania, closing this work as principal of the school in East Derby, 
Connecticut. He gave up teaching to go into the printing business 
and journalism. His job office he opened in his native town in 1868 
and launched the Record in 1871. The paper, frank, honest, and 
always reliable, is welcomed weekly in nearly every household in that 
section of the state, and its influence is always for good. 

An indefatigable worker, Mr. Sharpe has found time to write the 
"History of Seymour," 1879; "Sharpe Genealogy," 1880; "Dart, 
Washburn, and Chatfield Genealogies," " Annals of Seymour Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church," 1885; "South Britain Records and 
Sketches," 1898; "Vital Statistics of Seymour"; the larger part 
of "Seymour Past and Present," 1903, and Part 1, "History of 
Oxford," and other similar works. He is earnest in his church duties, 
having been Sunday-school superintendent and clerk of the Con- 

291 



292 WILLIAM CARVOSSO SHARPE. 

gregational Church since 1893. Also he has been prominent in fra- 
ternity circles. He is past grand master of the Temple of Honor 
of Connecticut, past chancellor of Knights of Pythias, past W. C. of 
the Temple of Honor, past T. I. M. of Union Council, E. & S. M. 
of Derby, and past W. P. of Olive Chapter, Order of the Eastern 
Star. He belongs also to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
to the Order of Eed Men, and is a member of New Haven Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar. In politics he is a strong Eepublican. 
Active in ever}' worthy project, he displays particular interest in the 
public schools, and he was one of those who were eflBcient in securing 
for the town its fine high school building, also the public library and 
the soldier's monument. He has been a member of the board of 
education for a number of years and a director of the public library 
since 1893. He makes a careful study of the publishing business 
and is a valued member of the Connecticut Editorial Association, in 
which he has served a term as president. 

He married Miss Vinie Amanda Lewis on October 8th, 1865. They 
have two children, Ernest C. Sharpe, an architect of Willimantic, 
Connecticut, and Mrs. J. A. Parker of Oxford, Connecticut, both 
of whom are living. There are four grandchildren, Archie, Cora, and 
Victor Sharpe, and Ealph Sharpe Parker. 

Mr. Sharpe has traveled extensively in his own country and in 
Mexico. His home is at No. 8 Washington Avenue, Seymour. 




>."/«»/.»( JBr^. Afy 




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THOMAS DUDLEY BRADSTREET 

BRADSTREET, THOMAS DUDLEY, manager and vice-pres- 
ident of the Seth Thomas Clock Company of Thomaston, Con- 
necticut, state senator, and former representative. Civil War 
veteran, and prominent in patriotic and fraternal organizations, as 
well as in business and political life, was born in Thomaston, Litchfield 
Comity, Connecticut, August 1st, 1841. The first of his ancestors to 
settle in America were Simon Bradstreet and his wife, Anne Dudley 
Bradstreet, daughter of Governor Thomas Dudley, who came from 
England in 1630 and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Simon 
Bradstreet is well known as the first secretary of the Massachusetts 
Colony and as governor. He held public office by annual election for 
more than sixty years, and his wife, Anne Dudley, was the first poetess 
of America. On the maternal side Mr. Bradstreet is descended from 
Seth Thomas, who founded the Seth Thomas Clock Company in 1813, 
and was noted for his honesty in business and -private life. Mr. Brad- 
street's father was Thomas J. Bradstreet, a Congregational clergyman 
until 1840, when he gave up the ministry on account of ill health and 
became superintendent of the cotton mill department of the Seth 
Thomas Company, and later their commercial agent, until increased ill 
health forced him to seek an out-of-door occupation and he lived a 
farmer's life the rest of his days. He was selectman, a member of the 
board of education for thirty-seven years, Sunday school superintend- 
ent for twenty-five years, and state representative. He was a graduate 
of Yale College, a clear thinker, a ready debater, and a man whose 
character and integrity were above reproach, and whose interest in 
youth and education was unbounded. Mr. Bradstreefs mother was 
Amanda Thomas Bradstreet, a woman of noble character and strong 
moral and spiritual influence. 

It fell to the lot of Thomas Dudley Bradstreet to work early and 
late on his father's farm, and this gave him the priceless endowment 
of a good constitution and regular habits. He was a typical healthy 
New England boy, educated in the common schools, and delighting 

295 



296 THOMAS DUDLEY BRADSTREET. 

in base-ball, outdoor life, and the perusal of all sorts of books, with a 
special love for history. At the time of the Civil War Mr. Bradstreet 
served as first sergeant in Company D, 19th Regiment, Connecticut 
Volunteers, from August, 1862, to March, 1863, when he was dis- 
charged for " total disability." In 1873 he entered the employ of the 
Seth Thomas Clock Company as a bench hand, and this was the initial 
step in a life-long career as a manufacturer in connection with that 
large and celebrated company. From a workman he was promoted to 
secretary of the company, and he is now its manager and vice-pres- 
ident. He is also president of the Thomaston Water Company and a 
director in the Thomaston National Bank. 

From the time Mr. Bradstreet became a voter he has been a loyal 
Republican, and has been chosen for high honors by that party. In 
1886 he was a member of the House of Representatives of Connecticut, 
and in 1903 and in 1905 he was elected state senator. Senator Brad- 
street has been as active in fraternal and social orders as in politics. 
He is a Mason, a Knights Templar, a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, of the Army and Navy Club of Connecticut, the New 
England Society of New York, the Sons of the Revolution, of which he 
was one of the board of managers, and of the Hartford Club. He is a 
member of the Congregational church. What time he can spare from 
his pressing business and legislative interests he enjoys in traveling. 
In 1864 he married Sarah M. Perry, a daughter of Julius Perry, who 
was a descendant of Commodore Oliver Perry. Of the two children 
born of this union, Annie Dudley and Perry Thomas, Annie Dudley, 
who married George A. Lemmon, is now living; Perry Thomas died 
in 1874. 

Thomas D. Bradstreet is a striking example of a highly successful 
man who has carved his own fortune and won his own high place in 
business, in public service, and in public esteem. A study of his 
advice to others reveals his own character and the reasons for his suc- 
cess better than anything else can. He counsels young men " to 
cultivate honesty and truthfulness, to perform all work faithfully and 
complete every task in a neat, workmanlike manner, striving to do a 
little better than any other person, to be kind to the unfortunate, and 
so live that you can see all mankind your friends." 



JOSEPH LANE BARBOUR 

BARBOUR, J0SP:PH LANE, one of the ablest lawyers in Con- 
necticut and a well-known public speaker and politician of 
Hartford, was born in Barkhamstead, Litchfield County, Con- 
necticut, December 18th, 1846, the son of Heman Humphrey and 
Frances Elizabeth (Merrill) Barbour. His father was a lawyer who 
was at one time judge of probate for the district of Hartford and 
was also State senator in Indiana. Heman Barbour was an honest, 
energetic, and industrious man, and one of marked intellectual ability 
as well. 

Among the earliest ancestors of the family were: Peter Brown, 
who came from England to Windsor, Connecticut, in 1635, Gov. John 
Webster, who came from England to Hartford, in 1636, Elder Wil- 
liam Goodwin, one of the Rev. Thomas Hooker's flock, and Gov. 
William Leete, who came from England and settled in Guilford, 
Connecticut, in 1643, and afterwards became Deputy Governor of 
New Haven Colony. Thomas Dudley, another ancestor who came 
from England in 1630, was Deputy Governor of Massachusetts Bay 
Colony for thirteen years and governor of that colony for four years. 
Still other ancestors, Capt. Thomas Bull and Lieutenant Samuel 
Humphrey, served in the early Indian Wars, and Capt. John Brown 
served in the Revolutionary War and remained in the service until 
he died in 1876. 

Most of Joseph L. Barbour's early days were spent in the city 
and he was educated at the Hartford Public High School and Willis- 
ton Seminary. His first work was school teaching and consisted of 
a year's experience in Bloomfield, Connecticut, and another year at 
Meriden, Connecticut. Then in 1867, he became interested in 
journalism and worked as a reporter for the Hartford Post until 
1874. He has since devoted himself to the study and practice of 
law in Hartford. 

In 1872, 1873, and 1874 Mr. Barbour was clerk of the Hartford 
Common Council, from 1876 to 1883 he was prosecuting attorney of 

297 



298 JOSEPH LANE BABBODE. 

the city of Hartford, from 1877 to 1878 he was clerk of the Connecti- 
cut House of Kepresentatives, in 1879 he was clerk of the State 
Senate, and in 1897 he was Speaker of the Connecticut House of Rep- 
resentatives. He has always been a faithful and active Eepublican 
and has served his party effectively as a campaign orator. Nor is this 
the extent of his public services, for he uses his oratorical powers on 
many public occasions and is a favorite Memorial Day orator. From 
1866 to 1871 he was a member of the Connecticut National Guard 
and served with credit. 

In religious views Mr. Barbour unites with the Congregational 
Church. He is a member of the Washington Commandery, Knights 
Templar, and of other fraternal orders. His favorite amusements 
are reading, traveling, and the theatre. His family consists of a 
wife and three children, though five have been bom to Mr. and Mrs. 
Barbour. Mrs. Barbour, whose maiden name was Anne J. Wood- 
house, is a daughter of the late Oliver Woodhouse. The living chil- 
dren are Miss Frances Barbour of Hartford ; Robert W. Barbour of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Florence A., now Mrs. Arthur Van 
DeWater of New York City. 

Joseph L. Barbour is well known throughout the State as a 
successful lawyer, and the history of his practice is a record of many 
distinguished cases won by his keenness, and the history of his life 
as a public man is a record of many honors won by his loyalty, capacity 
for leadership, and executive ability. 



ALFRED W. CONVERSE 

CONVEESE, ALFKED WOODS, banker, postmaster, and Civil 
War veteran of Windsor Locks, Connecticut, was born in Staf- 
ford, Tolland County, Connecticut, August 1st, 1835, the son 
of Hannibal Alden Converse and Julia Ann (Ferry) Converse. He 
is a descendant, in the ninth generation, of Deacon Edward Converse, 
who came from England with Governor Winthrop and settled in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1630, and removed to Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1640. Another of his ancestors was Major James Con- 
verse, who made a bold defense against the Indians at Wells, Maine, 
and a third ancestor, Jesse Converse, was a soldier in the Kevolution- 
ary War. Mr, Converse's father, Hannibal Converse, was engaged 
in the iron foundry business in Windsor Locks, where he was select- 
man and a man of great influence and prominence. When he was a 
citizen of Staiford he was town clerk and postmaster. His most con- 
spicuous characteristic was devotion to business. Mr. Converse's 
brother, Joseph H. Converse, was killed at Cold Harbor and the J. H. 
Converse Post, No. 67, G. A. E., at Windsor Locks, is named after him. 

Alfred Converse was brought up in a village by parents of simple 
means, and he worked on a farm until he was sixteen years old, after 
which he spent two years at the Wilbraham Academy and Monson 
Academy. He was greatly interested in American history, particularly 
that of the Eevolutionary period. He learned his father's trade in all 
its branches and became foreman and then owner of the foundry in 
Windsor Locks, the firm becoming, even before his father's death, 
A. W. Converse & Company. 

At the opening of the Civil War Mr. Converse enlisted and served 
from September 5th, 1862, to August 26th, 1863. He was first ser- 
geant, second lieutenant and then first lieutenant of Company C, 25th 
Eegiment, Connecticut Volunteers, assigned to duty in the Gulf De- 
partment. He was in every engagement in which his regiment took 
part and was mustered out with a most honorable record, as his rapid 
promotions testify. Upon his return to business he took a still greater 

299 



300 ALFRED W. CONVERSE. 

interest in the firm, which he maintained until 1891, when he sold out 
to E, Horton & Company, since when he has been engaged in insur- 
ance, banking, and the filling of public offices. In 1867 he was given 
the offices of town clerk, registrar, and treasurer, which he held for 
fifteen years. Since 1871 he has been treasurer of the Windsor Locks 
Savings Bank. He has been postmaster continuously since 1868, a 
period of twenty-nine years, with the exception of the two terms of 
Cleveland's administration. In 1897 he was representative to the 
General Assembly. As postmaster of his town he has greatly in- 
creased the efficiency of the office and has furthered public conven- 
ience by planning and bringing about the building of the fine post- 
office building, built in 1903. 

Another great service that Mr. Converse has done for his fel- 
low townsmen is the compilation of very complete, interesting, and 
accurate historical facts and statistics into a manuscript called " Wind- 
sor Locks in the War of the Rebellion." The record is a very valuable 
one and has involved indefatigable labor. In spite of his many busi- 
ness cares and interests Mr. Converse has found time for this work 
and for many other interests. He is a member of many fraternal, 
military, and social orders, being a Mason and a Shriner, a member of 
the Grand Army, the Army and Navy Club, the Society of the 19th 
Army Corps, and the Society of the Army of the Potomac. He was 
the first secretary of Blue Lodge, has been commander of the J. H. 
Converse Post, G. A. R., for seven years, senior vice-commander of 
the Department of Connecticut and chief Mustering Officer, Depart- 
ment of Connecticut. He has always been a Republican in politics 
and a Congregationalist in religious belief. He is a member of the 
Connecticut Historical Society. When a younger man he found the 
greatest enjoyment in base-ball, and walking is now his favorite relaxa- 
tion. His home is at Windsor Locks. Mrs. Converse was Julia 
Orcutt, whom he married in 1857, and by whom he has had four 
children, two of whom are still living : Ida G. Converse and M3T*tie B. 
(Converse) Elson. 

The experience of a long, busy and fruitful life adds force to the 
advice which Mr. Converse gives that others may be helped in the 
strife for success. He says, " Neither drink, cbew nor smoke, learn a 
trade and make yourself master of it in every detail, and worthy of 
promotion." 




JPVrhO-1,.^^ ^/l/Ayty^^>-1^4^ 



AMOS WHITNEY 



WHITNEY, AMOS, ex-president of the Pratt and Whitney 
Company of Hartford, Connecticut, and recognized as one 
of the most competent machinists and one of the most 
successful captains of industry in New England, was bom October 
8th, 1833, at Biddeford, Maine, His father, Aaron Whitney, was 
a machinist by trade and his mother was Eebecca Perkins. Mr. 
Whitney's ancestors in America are traceable through eight genera- 
tions to John Whitney, born in 1589, who emigrated from Isleworth- 
on-the-Thames, to Watertown, Massachusetts, about 1635. His grand- 
son, Jonathan Whitney, served in King Philip's War. Levi Whitney, 
grandson of Jonathan, was an officer in the commissary department 
with rank of lieutenant during the Eevolution. Many of Mr. 
Whitney's ancestors were skillful mechanics and machinists and Eli 
Whitney, the famous inventor of the cotton gin, was of the same 
ancestral stock. 

During Mr. Whitney's boyhood the family moved several times; 
when he was eight they left Biddeford and moved to Saccarappa, and 
three years later to Exeter, New Hampshire. Amos attended the 
village schools in all three of these towns and that was the extent of 
his education. At thirteen he was apprenticed to the machinist's trade 
with the Essex Machine Company of Lawrence, Massachusetts, and 
his apprenticeship lasted three years, at the end of which he served 
his time as journeyman for one year. 

In 1850 the family moved to Hartford and father and son 
entered the employ of the Colt Fire Arms Company. Francis A. 
Pratt, who afterwards became Mr. Whitney's lifelong partner, was 
also employed at Colt's, and he and Mr. Whitney soon became con- 
nected with the Phoenix Iron Works; Mr. Pratt as superintendent, 
and Mr. Whitney as contractor. The two young men became intimate 
and from this intimacy and their community of business interests 
arose their ambition to set up in business together. They began 
very humbly, in 1860, to make spoolers in a small shop outside their 
15 303 



304 AMOS WHITNEY. 

regular business, and this was the beginning of the present gigantic 
plant. In 1865 they purchased land and erected a building on the 
present site. They steadily increased the floor space, number of 
employees, eflSciency and amount of products until the concern oc- 
cupied about five acres of floor space, employed over eleven hundred 
hands and put on the market the greatest variety and the best quality 
of machines of any concern in the world. In 1869 a joint stock com- 
pany was formed. Mr. Whitney has been superintendent, vice pres- 
ident and president of the company, and his hard work, steady 
devotion, keen business ability and complete mechanical knowledge 
have been vital forces in developing the enormous business. The 
company has met with fire losses, financial panics, and every business 
disaster, but its growth has been marvelous notwithstanding. Their 
products are shipped all over the world and are used in several royal 
armories. 

Devotion to business and domestic tastes have held Mr. Whitney 
aloof from political office holding and from club life. He has never 
held public office, though he is a loyal and consistent Eepublican and 
takes a keen and conscientious interest in public affairs. He has 
traveled extensively for over thirty years in the interests of the 
company and is known throughout the country as a mastei machinist. 
He is a director in the Pratt and Cady Company, president of the 
Gray Pay Station Telephone Company and treasurer of The Whitney 
Manufacturing Company. He is a member of the Universalist 
Society. 

On the 8th of September, 1856, Mr. Whitney married Miss 
Laura Johnson. Three children have been born to them, two of 
whom, Nettie L. and Clarence E., are now living. The son is now 
president and manager of the Whitney Manufacturing Company. 



J 



HOMER LEACH WANZER 

WANZER, HOMER LEACH, farmer, man of prominence in 
politics and the public affairs of Fairfield County, and 
former state representative, was bom in New Fairfield, 
Fairfield County, Connecticut, March 3d, 1850. He is of German an- 
cestry and his first American ancestor was Abraham Wanzer, who 
came from Hesse Castle, Germany, and became a leading citizen of 
Fairfield County. He was commissioned by the General Assembly of 
1744 to act as lieutenant of the company or trainband of the New 
Fairfield South Society and served in the French War in America. 
Mr. Wanzer's parents were Willis H. and Sarah Kellogg Wanzer, and 
his father was a farmer who held many town offices, being selectman, 
assessor, and state representative for three terms. 

Though delicate in infancy, out-of-door life and healthful habits 
made Homer Wanzer a healthy boy and a typical farmer's son. 
Trapping and fishing were his favorite sports and farming the calling 
which appealed to him most strongly for his own work in Hfe. He 
attended the district school imtil he was sixteen years old, when he 
entered a boarding school at Oswego Village, New York. He after- 
ward took a course of study at the Chappaqua Mountain Institute in 
Westchester, New York, which he completed in 1870. 

As soon as he left school Mr. Wanzer went to work on the family 
farm. His entire life has been spent in farming on a most extensive 
and thorough plan, and his farm now consists of more than one hun- 
dred and fifty acres of profitable land devoted to the raising of cattle, 
tobacco, and general farm produce. Since his father's death in 1891 
he has had entire management of this estate. He considers farming 
the most independent and healthful of all occupations and enjoys the 
life as a good farmer always does. 

Mr. Wanzer has been a director of the New Milford Agricultural 
Society for nearly thirty years and has been at different times presi- 
dent and vice-president of that society. He was president of the old 
Housatonic Agricultural Society for two years. He was also a mem- 

305 



B06 HOMER LEACH WA.NZER. 

ber of the Lanesville Grange, No. 3, for a number of years, and a di- 
rector in the Housatonic Valley Creamery Company. 

In politics Homer L. Wanzer is an ardent and influential Demo- 
crat, and he has had many public honors in the gift of party, town 
and county. He was a member of the State Legislature in 1895 and 
again in 1901 and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 
1903. He was selectman continuously for sixteen years and president 
of the Town Board of Health at one time. In 1901 and 1903 he was 
auditor of Fairfield County. His citizenship is based on the highest 
ideals of honest, unselfish service and of zeal in the promotion of 
public welfare. 

On the eighth of October, 1878, Mr. Wanzer married Mary Alice 
Giddings, who died in 1887, leaving one child, a daughter, now Mrs. 
Knapp. Mr. Wanzer's present and life-long home is the old family 
homestead at New Fairfield, built by his grandfather, John Wanzer, 
in 1816, and the birthplace of three subsequent generations. 



ARTEMAS ELIJAH HART 

HART, ARTEMAS ELIJAH, secretary, treasurer, and trustee 
of the largest savings bank in Connecticut, the Society for 
Savings of Hartford, was born in New Britain, Connecticut, 
June 20th, 1842. He is the son of Artemas Ensign Hart and Annie 
Elizabeth Clark. 

Mr. Hart is of English ancestry, traceable to Deacon Stephen 
Hart of Braintree, Essex County, England, who emigrated to Cam- 
bridge (then Newtown), Massachusetts, in 1632. There he became a 
deacon in the Rev. Thomas Hooker's church, and joined him later 
in his pastoral settlement of Hartford. This Stephen Hart was 
prominent afterward in the religious, social, and political affairs of 
Farmington, and was in 1635, one of the original proprietors of 
Hartford. He then lived on the west side of the present Front 
Street, and there is a tradition that the town was named from his 
discovery of a good ford for crossing the Connecticut River at that 
point, it being called " Hart's Ford ' and later Hartford. The third 
son of this man, Thomas Hart of Farmington, and direct ancestor 
of our subject, represented his town in the General Court twenty- 
nine times from 1690 to 1706, and served on a committee to " return 
thanks of the Court to the Rev. Samuel Hooker for his great * paynes ^ 
in preaching the Election Sermon." He and John Hooker were the 
most important men of their town on account of their part not only 
in town affairs, but in colonial history. Next in direct descent came 
Deacon Thomas Hart, Deacon Elijah Hart, and Deacon Elijah Hart, 
the second, all prominent in the church and town affairs of Kensing- 
ton, Connecticut. Deacon Elijah Hart, the third, enlisted in the 
Revolutionary Army, and was present at the surrender of Burgoyne. 
His grandson, Mr. Artemas Hart's father, was bom in New Britain, 
Connecticut, 1812, a jeweler by trade, and a devout Congregationalist 
and respected citizen. 

Artemas Hart's boyhood was spent in the country and in a 
village. He was never idle, realizing early the value of an indus- 

307 



308 ABTEMAS ELUAH HAKT. 

trions life. He worked at farming and helped his father at the 
jeweler^s bench. His education began at the district school, was 
continued at the New Britain High School, and finished at Edward 
Hall's Boarding School in Ellington, Connecticut. He began his 
work in life as clerk in a " combination " drug store and post-office 
in Kockville, Connecticut, force of circumstances determining this 
step. 

In 1860 he came to Hartford, and became clerk in a dry-goods 
store. Two years later he became the youngest clerk and general 
utility boy in the bank of which he is now secretary and treasurer. 
In 1865, he married Katherine A. 0. Litchfield. This event was 
the source of his first strong impulse to strive for success in life. 
Five children have been bom to Mr. and Mrs. Hart, of whom three 
are now living. 

Kising step by step, Mr. Hart now holds, beside his responsible 
office in the " Pratt Street Bank," the position of director of the State 
Bank of Hartford, and of the Eagle Lock Company of Terryville, 
Connecticut. For many years he was clerk and treasurer of the Park 
Ecclesiastical Society of Hartford, which position is indicative of 
Mr. Hart's great interest in church matters. He is also greatly 
interested in school affairs. In politics Mr. Hart is an Independent 
voter. He is a member of the Hartford Club, of the Country Club 
of Farmington, and of the Lamentian Club of Canada. His favorite 
recreations are hunting and fishing. 

Beginning at the lowest round of the ladder of banking business, 
Mr. Hart has attained, through his own merits and industry, to his 
present high position, and in this great success he exemplifies well 
his own principle of seeking work and persisting in it. 




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BUELL HEMINWAY 

HEMINWAY, BUELL, manufacturer, banker, and president 
and treasurer of the Heminway & Bartlett Silk Company 
of Watertown, Litchfield County, Connecticut, was born 
there April 20th, 1838. His father was Gen. Merrit Heminway, a 
manufacturer and merchant, who established a large silk business 
in Watertown, and was a prominent public man in his day, being 
justice of peace, judge of probate, postmaster, church warden, and 
a military man of high rank. He was a man of stem, upright char- 
acter, and temperate in habits and disposition. Through his father 
Buell Heminway is descended from Ralph Heminway, who came from 
Yorkshire, England, to Roxbury, Massachusetts, as early as 1634. 
Mr. Heminway's mother, Mary Ann Buell Heminway, was a woman 
of admirable character and strong moral influence. On her side Mr. 
Heminway traces his ancestry to William Buell, who came from 
England to Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1630. 

Business was Mr. Heminway's chief interest in his boyhood as 
well as in his later life. He worked in his father's store and factor}' 
before school hours and during vacations, and, at nineteen, after 
finishing his education at the Watertown Academy, he began his 
real work in life as his father's bookkeeper. This was in 1857, and 
in that same year he became secretary of the company, which was 
known as M. Heminway & Sons Silk Company. After his father's 
death he organized the Heminway & Bartlett Silk Company, of which 
Mr. Heminway became president and treasurer in 1888. The quality 
of their goods is well known both in this country and abroad, and, 
owing to the increasing demand, they have several times been obliged 
to build additions to the factory. Besides the regular line of spool 
silks they turn out all shades of art embroidery silk, and many special 
orders for the manufacturing trade. In 1880 Mr. Heminway became 
a vice-president of the Dime Savings Bank, and in 1890 he was made 
a director in the Citizens' National Bank, of Waterbury. In addition 
to these positions he has been for five years president of the Water- 

311 



312 BHELL HEMINWAT. 

town Library Association, treasurer of the Watertown Water Com- 
pany, and treasurer of the public school board for ten years. 

Mr, Heminway is a most active and prominent churchman, hav- 
ing been a vestryman of Christ Church (Episcopal) for twenty-five 
years, treasurer of the parish for ten years, and trustee of the Parish 
Fimd for six years. He is also a trustee of the Evergreen Cemetery 
Association. In politics he is a Democrat, though he could not 
stand by his party on the Bryan platform. He is a member of the 
Waterbury Club and Home Club of Waterbury, and of the New Eng- 
land Society of New York. His most ideal pleasure is found in 
driving a good pair of horses and in traveling, both at home and 
abroad. Mrs. Heminway, whom he married on the seventeenth of 
January, 1866, was Julia M. Havens of Ogdensburg, New York. 
Mrs. Heminway is a member of the Daughters of the American 
Eevolution through Peleg Havens on her father's side and John 
Allyn, who married Euth Bumhara, December 18th, 1760, on her 
mother's side. Her maternal grandmother was the daughter of 
Thomas Burnham of Herefordshire, England, who was a direct 
descendant from Sir John Geers Bumham-Cotterell, Baronet. 
The ruins of the old court built in the thirteenth century are still 
standing, with the coat of arms carved in stone over the entrance. 
Mr. and Mrs. Heminway have three children, Buell Havens, married 
to Maud Willard of Brooklyn, New York, Mary Julia, wife of Paul 
Klimple, and Helen Louise, who remains at home. 

" Ambition, determination to succeed in business, honesty, and 
temperate habits, but not to the extent of total abstinence," are the 
essentials of true success according to Mr, Heminway's solution of the 
problem. His advice is worthy, for he is a man who has made his 
own way in the world and made it straight and firm, through the very 
qualities which he advises others to cultivate. 



EDWARD WASHBURN HOPKINS 

HOPKINS, EDWAKD WASHBURN, Ph.D., LL.D., professor 
of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology at Yale University, 
distinguished Orientalist, and an authority on the history 
of India, comes of a family that has been conspicuous in New Eng- 
land annals. Originally, the family was from Wales. John Hopkins, 
who emigrated from Coventry, England, was made a freeman in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1634; he is said by some to have been 
the son of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower party, and by others to 
have been related to Edward Hopkins, governor of Connecticut. The 
date of his arrival in this country was 1633. 

Associated with the Eev. Thomas Hooker on his journey to 
America, he traversed the wilderness with that sturdy divine and 
statesman, and with him, in 1636, helped found Hartford, of which 
town he was a selectman and a juror. His son, Stephen Hopkins, 
was the builder of the first mill in what is now the great industrial 
center, Waterbury. Stephen's son, John, in his turn, was among the 
foremost men in the development of that community, serving on the 
Committee of Public Safety and attaining the rank of lieutenant in 
the militia. His son, the Eev. Samuel Hopkins of West Springfield, 
married Jonathan Edwards' eldest sister, and their son, the Rev. Dr. 
Samuel Hopkins of Hadley, Massachusetts, was one of the most learned 
and forceful ministers and theologians of his time. John Hopkins 
(third) acquired competency as a merchant in Massachusetts, His 
son, Lewis Spring Hopkins, M.D., practiced as a physician in North- 
ampton, Massachusetts, two years, traveled much in Europe, was a 
deacon in Northampton, and in his later years was bank and school 
trustee and chairman of the board of health in Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts. He was a man of scholarly attainment and literary ability, as 
indicated by the fact that after the age of seventy he began a critical 
translation of the New Testament. 

Edward Washburn Hopkins, a twin son of Dr. Lewis Spring Hop- 
kins, was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, September 8th, 1857. 
»Hia tastes, by inheritance, were literary, and his special fondness was 

313 



314 EDWAED WASHBURN HOPKINS. 

for the ancient classics and poetry and history. His mother's in- 
fluence upon the moral side of his character was strong. After at- 
tending the academy at Bridgewater, Massachusetts, he entered Colum- 
bia College, where he was graduated with the class of 1878. Im- 
mediately upon graduation he went abroad for three years' study in 
Germany and France. From the year of his return, 1881, till 1885, 
he was tutor in Latin and Zend at Columbia, whence he went to Bryn 
Mawr College as professor of Greek and Sanskrit. He had held that 
position ten years when he was honored by being called to succeed 
Professor Whitney at Yale University, in the chair of Sanskrit and 
Comparative Philology, where he now is recognized as one of the lead- 
ing Orientalists of the day. At the end of his first year at Yale, he 
took his family to Germany and himself spent the following year in 
India, returning to New Haven in 1897. He received the degrees of 
A.M. and Ph.D. at Leipzig University in 1881, and that of LL.D. at 
Columbia in 1902. 

Professor Hopkins is secretary of the American Oriental Society 
and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, of the German Oriental So- 
ciety, and of the American Philological Society. He is editor of the 
" Journal of the American Oriental Society." His published works 
include : " Caste in Ancient India," " Mann's Law Book," " Eeligions 
of India," " The Great Epic of India," " India, Old and New," and 
many essays on oriental and linguistic subjects. 

In politics he is a Republican, but not partisan ; in religion he is 
an Episcopalian. His amusement and recreation he gets from chess, 
tennis, bicycling, and mountain-climbing. 

He married Mary Sanger Clark, daughter of Cyrus Clark of New 
York, on June 3d, 1893. They have had six children, all of whom are 
living. Their home is at No. 399 Lawrence street, New Haven. 

Speaking of the course young Americans should adopt to attain 
the right kind of success, he says : " Avoid amusements that take up 
too much time. From twenty to thirty-five, spend all energies in life 
work ; when thirty-five is reached, get married and after that do what 
work you can without neglecting your new interest. Especially avoid 
introspection; let God and your soul alone; keep up your morals by 
reading the best writers; don't get spiritually slipshod. Don't try 
to make more money when you have enough for convenience, but spend 
your life time in the pursuit of really satisfactory pleasure." 



WILLIAM FOWLER HOPSON 

Ho PS ON, WILLIAM FOWLER, artist, expert in the art of 
wood and copper plate engraving and designing, and a 
member of some of the foremost Literary and art clubs in this 
coimtry and abroad, is now a resident of New Haven and was bom in 
Watertown, Connecticut, August 30th, 1849. His parents were Orrin 
Lewis and Caroline Susan (Wilson) Hopson, and his father was a 
master mechanic and inventor. Mr. Hopson's earlier ancestors were 
of English and French stock and the American branch of the family 
to which he belongs was founded by John Hopson about 1660. 

The district and high schools of the village of Watertown and the 
town of Waterbury furnished William Hopson's early education. His 
later and more important training was gained while studying his 
profession in New York and New Haven. In 1897 he traveled 
across the American continent, in 1899 in Canada and Nova Scotia, 
and in 1904-5 and 6 quite extensively in Great Britain, Belgium, 
Germany, Italy, France, and Switzerland. He spent an entire year 
in Great Britain and a winter in Italy. 

From 1872 to 1885 Mr. Hopson was engaged with a partner in the 
general business of wood engraving, and since 1885 he has worked by 
himself at etching, wood and copper-plate engraving, and designing. 
He engraved the illustrations, some 2,500 in number, for the last 
edition of Webster's Dictionary, as well as doing much book and 
magazine work, and for the last ten years he has confined his efforts 
almost entirely to the art of book-plate engraving, at which he has 
been so successful. His work is well and widely known for its artistic 
merit, originality, careful execution, and delicateness of detail. He 
had an exhibit at the Paris Exposition in 1900 and received honorable 
mention at the Pan-American Exposition in 1901. 

Mr. Hopson is a member of many distinguished clubs, including 
the Grolier Club of New York, the Rowfaut Club of Cleveland, of the 
Odd Volume, and the Bibliophile Society of Boston, of the Acom 
Club of Connecticut, of which well-known book club he is now presi- 

315 



316 WILLIAM FOWLER HOPSON. 

dent, of the Ex Libris Society of London, the BibliogTaphical Society 
of London, the Paint and Clay Club of New Haven, the National 
Arts Club of New York, and of the Society of Illustrators and Artists. 
He is also a member of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the 
American Eevolution and of the Connecticut Historical Society. He 
is a member of St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church, New Haven, 
and is greatly interested in Masonry, being a Master of Hiram Lodge, 
No. 1, F. and A. M., also Master Workman of Israel Putnam Lodge, 
A. 0. U. W. In politics he is a Kepublican, though he occasionally 
votes independently. Sketching and fishing are his favorite out-of- 
door pastimes and recreations. 

William Fowler Hopson has been twice married; in 1871 to 
Mary Taylor Allen, by whom he had one son, Orrin Lewis Hopson, 
who is now living and who married Mary Mangliers in 1900. Mr. 
Hopson's present wife was Ada Mabel Carter, whom he married in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, June 27th, 1899. The city home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hopson is at 730 Whitney avenue. New Haven, and their sum- 
mer home is at " Idle Eealm," Morgan's Point, East Haven. 



i 



GEORGE EDWARD KEENEY 

KEENEY, GEORGE EDWAED, the treasurer and manager of 
the Somerville Manufacturing Company, and president of the 
Hartford Life Insurance Company, was born in Manchester, 
Hartford County, Connecticut, March 22d, 1849. He is the son of 
Rockwell and Lenora Keeney. His father was a manufacturer and 
president of the company which Mr. Keeney now manages. He was 
a man esteemed for his clean, honest character, as well as for his suc- 
cess in business. He was a member of the Legislature from Somer- 
ville in 1884. The first of Mr. Keeney's ancestors found in America 
was Alexander Keeney, who came from England to Gloucester, Mass., 
and from there to Hartford about 1648. Richard and Joseph Keeney, 
two other ancestors, took part in the Revolutionary War. 

Passing his youth in the country, Mr. Keeney received his early 
education at the district and high schools until he was thirteen, when 
he went to work in the silk mills in Manchester, and later in a 
machine shop in Meriden. He thus formed habits of industry at an 
early age, and attained a mastery of mechanical knowledge that can 
come only with experience. He was fond of study, particularly litera- 
ture and mechanics, and when he was eighteen he attended the Mili- 
tary Academy at Cheshire, paying his tuition with his own earnings. 
His determination to become a successful business man was of as 
early formation as the industrious habits which made his success pos- 
sible. 

After leaving Cheshire, Mr. Keeney resumed his employment in 
the mills with his father. In 1868 he became treasurer and manager of 
the Somerville company. From 1865 to 1869 he was in the National 
Guard. In 1873 he married Ellen Denison, by whom he has had two 
children. Their home is in Somerville, Tolland County, Connecticut. 

Politically, Mr. Keeney is thoroughly Republican in spirit, 
though he has never held any public office except to be Paymaster- 
General of State, from 1897 to 1899, and State Senator from the 
twenty-fourth district, from 1889 to 1891 and from 1893 to 1895. He 

319 



^20 GEORGE EDWAED KEENEY. 

was a member of the recent Constitutional Convention of Connecticut 
from his home town, Somers. Fraternally Mr. Keeney is a Mason. 
He attends and aids in the support of the Congregational Church, 
though he is not a member of any church. 

Mr. Keeney's watchword to young Americans has plainly been his 
own, for he says ; " Have some definite purpose, with a settled deter- 
mination to accomplish the best possible results in whatever direction 
your energies tend. In business secure the approbation of older men 
by a life of honesty, and a clean and upright moral character." 



LUDWIG HOLMES 

HOLMES, Dr. LUDWIG, A.M., L.H.D., D.D., preacher, poet, 
and scholar, Swedish secretary of the Lutheran General 
Council of the United States and Canada and pastor of the 
Swedish Lutheran Church in Portland, Middlesex County, Con- 
necticut, is a native of Sweden and is one of the most distinguished 
representatives of that country in America today. He was born in 
Strofvelstorp, Province of Skane, Sweden, on September 7th, 1858, 
the son of Carl and Johanna Nystrom Holm. His father was a 
contractor and builder by trade. 

The first fourteen years of Ludwig Holmes' life were spent in 
the country. After that he was obliged to earn his own living, which 
he did as errand boy in a newspaper office and later as clerk in a 
retail and wholesale dry goods house in Stockholm. He was healthy 
and strong in mind and body and showed remarkable literary taste 
and ability at a very early age. He wrote poetry at the age of eight 
and preached sermons to the trees in the forests. He came to America 
in 1879 and in 1886 he was graduated from Augustana College in 
Eock Island, Illinois, in the divinity school of that institution. He 
has since received many honorary degrees; in 1891 the degree of 
A.M. and in 1897 the degree of L.H.D. from Bethany College, Linds- 
borg, Kansas, in 1900 the degree of D.D. at Wittenberg College, 
Springfield, Ohio, and in 1903 the degree of L.H.D, from his Alma 
Mater, Augustana College, 

In June, 1886, Dr. Holmes was ordained pastor of the Lutheran 
Church and in the same year undertook his first pastorate in North 
Grosvenor Dale, Connecticut, The following year he married Sophia 
Helena Johnson of Altoona, Illinois, by whom he has had one child, 
a daughter, named Esther. In 1889 he was called to be pastor of the 
Swedish Lutheran Church in Burlington, Iowa, where he remained 
until 1903. During his pastorate in Burlington the congregation of 
his church was nearly doubled, the church was remodeled, a chapel 

321 



322 LUDWIG HOLMES. 

built, a new school erected and a new church was built in West Bur- 
lington, and all of these improvements were effected by the faithful 
work, the strong influence and rare organizing ability of Dr. Holmes. 
His eloquence and magnetism as a preacher attracted many people 
on whom his character and capability laid permanent bonds. He left 
that parish and came to Portland, Connecticut, in May, 1903, because 
he wished to devote more time to his literary work than the cares of 
the large Burlington Church permitted. While in Burlington he was 
a trustee of the Public Library for nine years and a leader in the 
intellectual life of that place. 

Dr. Holmes has held many important ecclesiastical offices in the 
gift of his denomination. From 1890-1895 he was chairman of the 
Burlington District, from 1895 to 1898 he was vice-president of the 
Iowa Swedish Lutheran Conference, and from 1898 to 1902 he was 
president of the same. Since 1903 he has been Swedish Secretary of 
the Lutheran General Council of the United States and Canada. He 
is a member of the Board of Immigrant Missions of the Augustana 
Synod and in 1901 and 1902 he was president of the board of regents 
of Augustana College. In 1904 he was elected a member of the 
board of regents of Upsala College in New Orange, New Jersey. 
In the last town election in Portland he was elected a trustee of the 
Public Library and a member of the School Board. He is a member 
of several literary and historical societies. 

As a poet and scholar Ludwig Holmes is one of the most learned, 
versatile, and well known men of his nationality in this coimtry and 
is considered by many to be the foremost Swedish-American poet. 
He has written epic, lyric and didactic poems, hymns and humorous 
verses, all clear in style, beautiful in language and genuinely Chris- 
tian in spirit. In 1896 he published his " Poems by Ludwig " and 
in 1904 his " New Poems by Ludwig " and both volumes are full of 
noble verse often forcefully dramatic and always scholarly and beau- 
tiful. He has contributed many articles to the leading Swedish peri- 
odicals, including the " Ungdoms Vannen" and the " Valkyrian." 
He is also the author of an " Outline for the Final Examination of 
Catechumens " and was editor of the Sunday School Hymnal used in 
the Churches of the Augustana Synod. 

In addition to the many honors given him by the leading colleges 
of his faith in this country Dr. Holmes is the recipient of two most 



LDDWIG HOLMES. 



323 



distinguished honors of royal gift. In 1901 he received from Oscar 
II, King of Sweden, through the special legate sent to the Swedish 
Lutheran Church of America, his eminence Bishop Von Scheele, the 
highest award ever conferred by the King for literary merits — the 
gold medal " Litteris et Artibus." He is also the sole possessor in 
America of the Jubilee Medal, granted him by Oscar II in 1897. 



16 



LEVERETT MAESDEN HUBBARD 

HUBBAED, LEVERETT MARSDEN, lawyer, bank president, , 
and ex-secretary of State, of Wallingford, New Haven i 
County, Connecticut, was bom in Durham, Middlesex i 
County, Connecticut, April 23d, 1849. His earliest ancestor in i 
America was George Hubbard, bom in 1601, who was one of the i 
original settlers around Boston, and who came overland to Hartford i 
in 1636. Mr. Hubbard's father was Eli Hubbard, a clergyman and an i 
educator, who was well known for his exceptional eloquence and 
oratorical gifts. Mr. Hubbard's mother was G'eorgiana Leach, and she 
died when he was but three years old, after which he made his home 
with her parents in the town of Durham, Connecticut, until he was 
seventeen, working some of the time in his grandfather's store. He 
was a robust lad with a most sanguine temperament. He took a great 
interest in politics and public speaking, and his favorite subjects for 
reading were history and biography. The study of the lives of suc- 
cessful public men gave him the impulse to win such success for him- 
self. He attended Wesleyan Academy, Wilbraham, Massachusetts, 
and then entered Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, with 
the class of 1872. He did not stay to graduate, but entered instead 
the Albany Law School, where he took his LL.B. degree in 1870. 
Wesleyan has since conferred upon him the honorary degree of A.M. 

The summer following his graduation from law school Mr. Hub- 
bard took up his residence in Wallingford and began the practice of 
law there and in the city of New Haven. That same year he became 
borough attorney of Wallingford, which ojBSce he has filled almost con- 
tinuously ever since, a period of thirty-five years. In 1872 he was 
postmaster of Wallingford and held this position until 1885. In 
1886, when the Borough Court of Wallingford was organized, he be- 
came its judge, and remained in that position for eleven years, imtil 
1897, when he became judge of the Court of Common Pleas for New 
Haven Coimty, which office he held until 1905. His professional work 
as a lawyer includes many important and successful cases, among the 

824 



LEVERETT MARSDEN HDBBABD. 326 

most notable being the Hayden-Stannard trial and the Anderson-Hall 
murder case. 

Politically Jndge Hubbard is an unswerving Eepublican. He 
was a delegate to the convention of 1888 which nominated President 
Harrison, and at that time and on many other public occasions has 
made political speeches of great force and eloquence. In 1887 and 

: 1888 Judge Hubbard was secretary of state, and during his secretary- 
ship he compiled a Kegister and Manual of the state of Connecticut 

; that has been used as a model for all subsequent registers. 

j Business and social interests have received considerable attention 

I from Judge Hubbard in spite of his many public services and his 
regular and extensive legal practice. He was one of the projectors 

i of the First National Bank of Wallingford, was its vice-president for 

, many years and has been one of its directors since its incorporation 
in 1881. Since 1894 he has been president of the Dime Savings Bank 
of Wallingford, and is a director in various manufacturing corpora- 
tions. He has been for twenty-five years a trustee of Wesleyan Academy 
of Wilbraham, Massachusetts. He is a member of the Greek letter 
college fraternity, " Psi Upsilon '\ of the Wallingford Club, the Union 
League Club of New Haven, the New Haven Colony Historical 

I Society, the American Historical Society and the Connecticut Sociel^ 
of the Sons of the American Eevolution. He is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. His favorite recreation is found in walking and 
horse-back riding. 

On May 2l8t, 1873, Judge Hubbard married Florence Gazelle 
Ives. They have had four children, all of whom are now living. 



1 



JOHN HALL SAGE. 329 

Aside from his business, Mr. Sage has made ornithology hie 
greatest interest, and he has become a thorough and authoritative 
student of that science. He is a fellow and secretary of the American 
Ornithologists' Union, a member of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, of the Linnaean Society of New York, of 
the Biological Society of Washington, and of the Connecticut 
Historical Society. In recognition of his scientific knowledge and 
his contributions to ornithology. Trinity College conferred the 
honorary degree of M. S. upon Mr. Sage in 1901. In creed Mr. 
Sage is an Episcopalian, in politics he is a Eepublican. 

On September 16th, 1880, Mr. Sage married Agnes Farwell 
Kellogg. One child has been born to them. 



CHARLTON MINER LEWIS 

LEWIS, CHARLTON MINER, Ph.D., Emily Sanford professor 
of English Literature in Yale University, is a descendant of 
John Alden and Priscilla Mullen, who came from England to 
Plymouth in 1620. His paternal great-grandfather, Charles Miner, 
was an author and historian, and his maternal great-grandfather, 
Joseph McKeen, was the first president of Bowdoin College. His 
father was Charlton Thomas Lewis, a leading New York lawyer of 
wide and profound learning, an eminent Greek scholar, a member of 
the Actuarial Society of America and president of the Prison As- 
sociation of New York, an organization whose purposes command 
his best energies in his later days. 

Charlton Miner Lewis was bom on March 4th, 1866, in Brook- 
lyn. In his early life he was afficted with much sickness. Limited 
as to out-door sports, he found more than comfort in his father's 
library, — he foimd opportunity to develop his inherited taste for the 
best in literature. His mother, who was Nancy McKeen previous to 
her marriage, was particularly watchful over him as he developed into 
young manhood, and her influence upon his spiritual life was strong. 

Despite his handicap of physical ailments in his boyhood, his 
active brain, his clear mind, and his ready comprehension advanced 
him rapidly in his studies through James H. Morse's school and the 
Berkeley School in New York; and he was well prepared, physically 
as well as mentally, for the requirements of further study when he 
entered Yale, where, at the age of twenty, he received his degree of 
B.A. with the class of 1886. His proficiency in the curriculum won 
for him membership in Phi Beta Kappa. Also in college he was a 
member of the Psi Upsilon and Skull and Bones Societies. 

His first intention was to follow his father's footsteps in the law, 
a choice of profession in which he had the support of his parents and 
the encouragement of circumstances. Accordingly he went to the 
Columbia Law School, where he received his LL.B. in 1889 and 
soon after began practicing in New York. But the attractions in the 

880 



CHABLTON MINER LEWIS. 331 

study of literature and philosophy — strengthened also by his en- 
vironment — were too powerful for him to resist. In 1895 he re- 
turned to New Haven to accept a position as instructor in English 
Literature. At the same time, he began a graduate course which 
brought him the degree of Ph.D. in 1898. That year he was appointed 
assistant professor, and in 1899 he was selected for the Emily Sanford 
chair, which he has since held. 

Of the publications from his pen, that which shows best, per- 
haps, his poetic instinct and culture is " Gawayne and the Green 
Knight" (1903). His other books are largely techincal and edu- 
cational in their nature, like " The Foreign Sources of Modern Eng- 
lish Versification" (1898), " The Beginnings of English Literature" 
(1900), "The Principles of English Verse" (1906), and contri- 
butions to various magazines and journals. 

He is a Eepublican in politics, though he voted for Cleveland 
and might have remained with the Democratic party had it not 
been for Bryanism. He is fond of golf and music. He is a mem- 
ber of the University Club of New York, but his devotion to his 
work allows him little time for social recreation and club life. 

He married Miss Grace H. Bobbins of St. Paul, Minn., on June 
16th, 1903. They have two children. Their home is at No. 439 St 
Honan street. New Haven. 



WILLIAM DELOSS LOVE 

LOVE, EEV. WILLIAM DELOSS, A.M., Ph.D., clergyman, 
scholar, and writer, pastor of the Farmington avenue Congre- 
gational Church of Hartford, president of the Connecticut I 
Humane Society, and author of a number of well-known books and his- 
torical articles, was bom in New Haven, New Haven County, Con- ■ 
necticut, November 39th, 1851. His ancestry is a very interesting and ' 
distinguished one and includes several of the most prominent early 
American families of English, Scotch, Scotch-Irish, Huguenot, and 1 
Dutch descent. The list of ancestors through whom, as " founders of ( 
the nation," he is entitled to membership in the Sons of the American i 
Revolution and the Society of Colonial Wars, shows him to be in the • 
fifth generation of descent from Robert Love, a sergeant in the Revo- 
lution. He is also in the ninth generation of descent from John 
Prescott, in the eighth from Lieutenant William Clark, in the seventh 
from Josiah Whitcomb, in the fifth from Captain Samuel Gurley, and 
in the fourth from William Whitcomb. Mr. Love's parents were 
William DeLoss Love and Matilda Wallace Love. His father was a 
well-known clergyman, preacher, and author, who held pastorates in 
Connecticut, in Massachusetts, and in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. From 
him Mr. Love inherited his preference for the ministry, his scholarly 
mind and habits, and his Christian grace of character. From his 
mother he received the noblest influences upon mind and character 
and the truest ideals of conduct. 

The cities of New Haven and Milwaukee were Mr. Love's homes 
in childhood and boyhood, and having good health and plenty of leisure 
for study, he made the most of the educational advantages afforded by 
the city. He prepared for college at the Milwaukee Academy and then 
entered Hamilton College, where he received his A.B. degree in 1873, 
and his A.M. degree in 1876. After graduating from college he became 
instructor of mathematics and natural science in the Leicester (Mass.) 
Military Academy, and held this position for a year, when he resigned 
to become principal of the Broadway Grammar School of Norwich, 

382 



WILIIAM DELOSS LOVE. 



333 



Connecticut. In 1875 he gave up his position as principal to enter 
Andover Theological Seminary, for he had determined upon the minis- 
try as his calling. He received his B.D. degree in 1878, and immedi- 
ately after his graduation he was installed pastor of the Evangelical 
Congregational Church in Lancaster, Massachusetts. This was in 
1878, the year of his marriage to Ada Minerva Warren of Leicester, 
Massachusetts, who died May 31st, 1881. After the death of his first 
wife Mr. Love resigned from his church in Lancaster and traveled in 
Europe and the East. Upon his return he supplied in the pulpit of the 
Second Congregational Church in Keene, New Hampshire. This 
charge fulfilled, Mr. Love spent a few years in business, at first in 
the Lebanon Woolen Company, and later as general passenger agent 
and assistant superintendent of the Boston, Winthrop & Shore Rail- 
road. He was also for a time private secretary to Governor Samuel W. 
Hale of New Hampshire. 

In October, 1884, Mr. Love married his second wife, Mary Louise 
Hale of Keene, New Hampshire, daughter of Governor Hale, and in 
the following year he resumed his ministerial calling as pastor of the 
Pearl street (now Farmington avenue) Congregational Church, and 
he still holds this pastorate. Since making Hartford his home Mr. 
Love has taken great interest in municipal matters, and since 1894 he 
has been a member of the Board of Park Commissioners. He is presi- 
dent of the Connecticut Humane Society, corresponding secretary of 
the Connecticut Historical Society, and in many other ways actively 
identified with the social, charitable, and intellectual, as well as the 
religious interests of Hartford. He is a member of the Republican 
party in politics, and is most active in the patriotic organizations, the 
Sons of the American Revolution and the Society of Colonial Wars. 
He is also a member of the American Antiquarian Society. He is a 
keen and ardent student of history and most of his secular writings 
have been on historical subjects. His best-known works are " Fast 
and Thanksgiving Days of New England," 1895, " Samson Occom 
and the Christian Indians of New England," 1900, monographs on 
New England history, and pamphlets and papers on local history. In 
1894 he was granted the honorary degree of Ph.D. by his Alma Mater, 
Hamilton College. 

The numerous and exacting pastoral duties of a large church and 
an active intellectual life occupy most of Mr. Love's time and interest, 



334 WILLIAM DELOSS LOVE. 

and he has never aflBliated with any Masonic or fraternal orders, pre- 
ferring to devote the time not taken by parish duties and scholarly 
pursuits, to home and family pleasures. His family consists of his 
wife and four children, though six have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Love. Their home is at 354 Laurel street, Hartford. 

The influences which Mr. Love considers to have been strongest 
upon his life have been those of home, school, and active life. His ex- 
perience in life has been broad indeed, for he has been an educator, a 
business man, a writer and scholar, and, first and always, a minister of 
the Gospel and a servant of God. His success as a minister, a scholar, 
and a man has depended on his own efforts, and it is with especial 
weight and pertinence that he gives his advice to others, saying, "Work, 
honest work, thorough work, and plenty of it," is the one true foun- 
dation of success in life. 



ALBERT DUNHAM JUDD 

JUDD, ALBERT DUNHAM, manufacturer, contractor, and 
inventor, of Wallingford, New Haven County, Connecticut, was 
born in New Britain, Hartford County, Connecticut, December 
4th, 1830. He traces his ancestry to Thomas Judd, who came from 
England in 1634 and settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and went 
later to Hartford and Farmington. Deacon Anthony Judd, Thomas' 
son, a joiner by trade, settled in New Britain. Several of Mr. Judd's 
ancestors were representatives in the General Assembly, and they have 
numbered among them deacons of churches for several generations, 
including the last three. Mr. Judd's father, Morton Judd, a hard- 
ware manufacturer, was a man who won general respect for his kind- 
liness and generosity, as well as for his business ability. He was very 
strong and athletic and as active as he was vigorous. He was select- 
man in 1840, a member of the State legislature in 1845, and deacon 
of the First Congregational Church of New Britain from 1851 imtil 
the family removed to New Haven in 1864, and to Wallingford in 
1878, where he died in 1901 in his ninety-third year. He married 
Lucina Dunham, a woman whose deep spirituality vitally influenced 
her son's character. 

New Britain was a village in Mr. Judd's boyhood, and he attended 
the district school there and worked for his father out of school hours. 
He loved to work and was happier in the factory than in school. From 
early childhood he evinced a genius for drawing and constructing, 
and made pictures, sleds, and boats, with a skill far beyond his years. 
After leaving the district school he attended Williston Seminary at 
East Hampton, Massachusetts, and when he left there at the age of 
seventeen, and his father offered him the option of college or factory, 
he chose the latter, and entered upon his work in life by making har- 
ness hames. He had acquired a great fondness for reading, which did 
much to atone for his brief schooling. The works of Thomas Dicks, 
the Bible, and other religious works, history, and some lighter reading, 
received his chief attention. The study of the Bible has been a con- 

337 



338 ALBERT DUNHAM JUDD. 

stant interest in Mr. Judd's life, and his familiarity with the Scrip- 
tures has been of inestimable value in his later church and Sunday 
school work. After leaving the Seminary he joined evening classes 
in elocution and in learning the German language. 

When Mr. Judd first entered the hardware manufacturing busi- 
ness he worked for his father and uncle, the firm being M. & 0. S. 
Judd. In 1851 he was taken into partnership and the firm name 
changed to M. Judd & Company. In 1864 he removed to New Haven, 
where he entered into partnership with his brothers, H. L. and E. M. 
Judd, for the manufacture of upholsterer's hardware. In 1870 a 
joint stock company was formed, of which A. D. Judd was made 
president, and he continued in that office until his retirement from 
business in 1890. In 1879 the business was removed to Wallingford, 
where new and more commodious buildings were erected, and where 
now, 1905, he is a stockholder in the present firm of H. L. Judd 
Company. Since his retirement from the manufacturing business 
Mr. Judd has devoted his time to real estate and to his various church, 
financial, and civil offices. He has spent much time planning, building, 
and renting model tenements, and in this way has done much for the 
poor. His inventions have led to thirty-four patents on constructions 
and designs, including many original and useful articles now in use. 
He was deacon and treasurer of the First Congregational Church of 
New Britain, deacon of the Dwight Place Church of New Haven, and 
a member of the Building Committee for the latter Church. He has 
taught Sunday school classes for nearly fifty years and has given 
constant individual service to many religious causes. His positions 
in financial circles have been as corporator, director, and appraiser 
of the Dime Savings Bank of Wallingford, and vice-president and 
director of the First National Bank in the same town. In politics 
he has always been a Eepublican. He was burgess of New Britain in 
1860, and of Wallingford in 1890. 

Mr. Judd has never Joined any secret society, finding more con- 
genial society, as well as social enjoyment, in his church relations. 
He has always been active and vigorous in his physical life, as in 
business, being especially fond in his earlier life of baseball, wicket, 
and ten-pins, and in his later life of Jjilliards and croquet. He has spent 
a considerable part of the last twenty years in travel in the South, 
Catskill, Adirondack, and White Mountains, Mexico and California. 



ALBERT DUNHAM JUDD. 339 

He has lived in many places, the cause of the changes being an 
endeavor to find a beneficial climate, for Mr. Judd has been a suf- 
ferer from chronic asthma for nearly fifty years. Indeed, during his 
long life Mr. Judd has had a series of illnesses and accidents that 
would have discouraged the average man, so great a loss of time, 
money, and vitality have they entailed. Instead of letting them hinder 
his career, he has so overcome these drawbacks that he has accom- 
plished more than most men, and this has been possible because 
he has done what he advises all men seeking success to do, namely, 
"to familiarize themselves with the teachings and life of Christ 
and follow them. Then to do with their might what their hands find 
to do." 

On April 35th, 1855, Mr. Judd married Lucilia Wells, who died 
in August, 1900. Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Judd, 
three of whom have survived their mother. 



GEORGE TRUMBULL LADD 

LADD, GEORGE TRUMBULL, D.D., LL.D., Professor of 
Philosophy at Yale University, is a scion of the Ladd family 
(variously spelled De Lad, Le Lad, Ladde) which came to 
England with William the Conqueror from France, and settled at Deal, 
eight miles from Dover. Daniel Ladd sailed to this country from 
England in the Mary and John of London, March 24th, 1633-34. 
Elder William Brewster, through his son Love, and Governor William 
Bradford are also among the professor's progenitors. He himself is 
of the Connecticut branch of the Ladd family. 

He was bom in Painesville, Lake County, 0., on January 19th, 
1842, the son of Silas Trumbull Ladd and Elizabeth Williams Ladd. 
His father was treasurer of Western Reserve College from 1842 to 
1850, was deacon in his church, filled various minor town offices, and 
was held in high esteem for his integrity, industry and kindliness — 
a genuine Puritan of the highest type. His mother was a woman of 
noble domestic ideals and of restless activity — ambitious for her 
children. 

The home tasks were apportioned among the children, and to the 
boy George, being the only son, fell the care of the horse and the cow 
and the general " chores " out-of-doors. To get away into the woods 
and fields was his delight, but it was with books that he found his 
particular happiness — not a little to the anxiety of his parents, for 
he was not especially robust. While he read everything that came in 
his way, the books for the most part were carefully selected. At the 
age of eight, his first savings, of $2.00, he spent for a copy of Josephus 
and of Plutarch, and at eighteen he read Kant's " Critique of Pure 
Reason," from which he suffered no more injury than he had suffered 
from certain " thrillers " he had read on the sly in his earlier youth. 
Most of his work in preparing for college was done by himself, only a 
portion of the time being given to the curriculum in the Painesville 
High School and the Rev. Mr. Brayton's private school. He entered 
Western Reserve in 1860, graduating in 1864. While in Reserve Col- 

340 



GEOEGE TEUMBULL LADD. 341 

lege, Morgan's " raiders " brought the " troublous times " of the Civil 
War close home, and the yoimg college boy went forth as one of the 
Squirrel Hunters to defend Cincinnati, a service for which he still 
preserves his certificate. 

After graduation, he went into business with his father. His 
constant studies, however, seemed to turn his steps naturally toward a 
higher institution of learning, with the result that in 1866 he went to 
the Andover (Mass.) Theological Seminary, where he was graduated 
in 1869. His first pastorate was in Edinburg, 0. In 1871 he went 
to the Spring Street Congregational Church in Milwaukee, Wis., where 
he remained till called to the professorship of philosophy at Bowdoin 
College in 1879, and thence he was called to his present chair at Yale, 
in 1881. Through all this period he had kept up his private study. 
Western Reserve conferred upon him the degree of D.D. in 1879; 
Yale that of M.A. in 1881, Western Reserve that of LL.D. in 1895, 
and Princeton that of LL.D. at the sesquicentennial in 1896. 

He was lecturer on church polity and systematic theology at 
Andover Theological Seminary, 1879-81, and was several times lecturer 
and conducted the Graduate Seminary in Ethics at Harvard in 1895-6. 
In 1892 and 1899, on invitation of the Imperial Educational Society 
and the Imperial University of Tokio, he lectured at Doshisha and the 
Summer School of Japan. His work made of this an international 
episode of note, marked in Japan by the Emperor's admitting him to 
audience and decorating him with the Third Degree, Order of the 
Rising Sun, and in this country by the report of Minister Buck to the 
effect that these services had been worth more for cementing friendly 
relations between the two countries than much diplomacy. The pro- 
fessor also lectured on philosophy before the University of Bombay, 
India, in 1899-90, and on the philosophy of religion at Calcutta, 
Madras, Benares, and other cities in India. 

While in Milwaukee, the professor was customarily on the Home 
Missionary and other committees, and before leaving was for several 
years one of the advisory committee of the Chicago Theological 
Semiaary. He founded in 1893 and served as second president of 
the American Philosophical Association in 1904. He belongs to the 
International Congress in Paris in 1900. He also belongs to the 
American Society of Naturalists, the American Oriental Society, 
section of Religion, and to the Imperial Educational Society of 
Japan. 



342 GEORGE TRUMBULL LADD. 

Professor Ladd's writings embrace : " Principles of Church 
Polity" (1882); "Doctrines of Sacred Scripture," two volumes 
(1884); Lotze's "Outlines of Philosophy," translation, six volumes 
(1887); "Elements of Physiological Psychology"; "What is the 
Bible?" (1883); " Introduction to Philosophy " (1889); "Outlines 
of Physiological Psychology" (1890); "Philosophy of Mind" 
(1891) ; " Primer of Psychology " (1894) ; " Psychology, Descriptive 
and Explanatory" (1894); "Philosophy of Knowledge" (1897); 
"Outlines of Descriptive Psychology" (1898); "Essays on Higher 
Education" (1899); "A Theory of Eeality" (1899); "Lectures to 
Teachers on Educational Psychology " (in Japanese), " Philosophy of 
Conduct" (1902), and many magazine articles. Some of the books 
have been translated into Japanese and some into the language of the 
blind. The professor is now engaged upon an elaborate work on the 
philosophy of religion. 

The Professor's father was a " Free-Soiler," and he himself was 
a Eepublican until 1884, when he became an independent. In Church 
affiliation he is a Congregationalist. Gardening is his favorite pas- 
time, and at sea he finds his most perfect rest and relaxation. When 
younger he was expert at boxing, fencing, playing ball and the like, 
and in later life, when suffering from over-work, he took up archery. 

He married, on December 8th, 1869, Miss Cornelia Ann, daughter 
of John Tallman of Bellaire, 0., and on December 9th, 1895, Miss 
Frances Virginia, daughter of Dr. George T. Stevens of New York. 
He has had four children, three of whom are living. His home is at 
No. 204 Prospect street, New Haven. 

He believes that principles, methods, and habits for what the 
world calls success depend upon the nature of the ideals. Ideals, then, 
should be chosen as things of highest worth and should be followed 
because they are worth it, expecting much suffering in their behalf, 
acting with all the wisdom that can be gathered and leaving the re- 
sults with the Euler of All. 



LEW ALLEN LIPSETTE 

LIPSETTE, LEW ALLEN, editor and one of the founders of 
the Meriden Daily Journal, is best known in his own locality 
and in the newspaper fraternity of Connecticut and New York 
as Lew Allen. He was born in the City of New York on February 
18th, 1852, and he has been in the newspaper business from his 
earliest youth. Even while he was attending public school in New 
York his mind was running to newspaper work. It had for him that 
fascination which any man who has been successful in the work has 
felt, but which the best of them cannot describe in terms intelligible 
to that portion of the world which might be called immune. 

At the moment he was old enough to direct his own affairs he be- 
gan to indulge his passion for journalism and for more than a quarter 
of a century has been following his profession in Connecticut. He had 
been city editor of the New Haven Union for some time when, in 1886, 
the city of Meriden seemed to offer a good field for a wide-awake even- 
ing paper. Francis Atwater, Thomas L. Eeilley (the present mayor), 
Frank E. Sands, and Mr. Allen, after discussing the situation from 
the standpoint of trained newspaper men, established the Journal Pub- 
lishing Company and began to publish an evening paper. Francis At- 
water was chosen president and Mr. Allen vice-president and Mr. Allen 
has been the editor ever since, the oldest newspaper man in Meriden in 
point of service. Success attended the enterprise from the start. Mr. 
Allen and his associates studied the needs of the field and have sup- 
plied them to the highest satisfaction of a constantly widening ter- 
ritory. The Journal stands among the foremost of the publications in 
Connecticut. 

What these results have required of Mr. Allen in the way of time 
and thought may well be imagined by those acquainted with editorial 
work and is proved to others by his inability to spare moments for 
those outside affairs in which in reality he is deeply interested. His 
politics might be described as Independent, betokening a freedom to 
support the best in men and measures without regard to party. He 

17 343 



344 LEW ALLEN LIPSETTE 

has served as a member of the Court of Common Council. For five 
years he was a member of Company I, Second Infantry, C. N". G, 
He belongs to Pilgrims' Harbor Council, No. 543; Eoyal Arcanum, 
and the Colonial Club. His religious creed is that of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church and he is a member of the parish of All Saints' 
Church in Meriden. 

Mr. Allen's wife is Amelia TJrick, whom he married in 1878. They 
have two eons, Walter and Lewis, Jr. 



PKOF. WILLIAM HENRY BRISTOL 

BRISTOL, PEOF. WILLIAM HENRY, educator, inventor, 
manufacturer and founder of The Bristol Company of Water- 
bury, Connecticut, was bom there July 5th, 1859, and is the 
son of Benjamin H. and Pauline Phelps Bristol, both of English de- 
scent. The first American progenitor of the Connecticut Bristols 
was Henry, who was one of the early settlers in the New Haven 
Colony. He was married twice; his second wife was Lydia, daughter 
of Francis and Mary (Edwards) Browne, whom he married on Jan- 
uary 26th, 1656. Henry died in 1695. The line of descent is through 
his son Daniel by his second marriage. 

Daniel was bom May 4th, 1671, and died May 15th, 1728. He 
was also married twice, but the children are all by his second wife, 
Hester Sperry. 

Richard, son of Daniel, was bom October 18th, 1708, and died in 
1791. He married Mary and lived in Milford. 

Nathan, son of Richard, was baptized on March 3d, 1752, at Mil- 
ford. On his tombstone, standing at present in the old cemetery at 
Milford, is inscribed, " Died April 25th, 1826, aged seventy-five years." 
He married Anna, daughter of Jesse Lombard, whose tombstone is 
also in the old Milford cemetery. He was a soldier in the Revolution 
and fought in the battles of Long Island and White Plains. 

Nehemiah, a son of Nathan, married Lorania Down, June 3d, 
1798. On his tombstone in the old Milford cemetery is inscribed 
" Died May 30th, 1832, aged sixty-two years." 

Hiel, the second son of Nehemiah and grandfather of William 
H. Bristol, migrated from Milford to Newtown and then to Salem 
(Naugatuck), and married Chastina Potter. He was born September 
5th, 1803, and died May 30th, 1871. 

William H. Bristol studied at the public schools in Naugatuck 
until 1876, when he became a clerk in a general store in that town, 
in which position he remained until 1880. He evinced decided me- 
chanical genius and a scientific bent of mind and as soon as his sav- 

847 



348 PROF. WILLIAM HENRY BRISTOL. 

ings were sufficient, he resigned this position to avail himself of the 
scientific course at Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New 
Jersey. During his junior year he organized the manual-instruction 
department in the Workingman's School in New York City and taught 
there, continuing his courses at the Institute at the same time. In 
1884 he was graduated with the degree of Mechanical Engineer, after 
which he kept up his classes in the Workingman's School for two years. 
Then, in 1886, he became instructor in mathematics at Stevens In- 
stitute and two years later assistant professor in that department. 
In 1899 he was given the title of Professor of Mathematics. 

In addition to carrying on his courses in mathematics at the In- 
stitute, Professor Bristol has given considerable attention to inventing, 
perfecting and manufacturing a series of recording instruments 
adapted for making continuous records of pressure, temperature and 
electricity. During the past fourteen years he has developed a com- 
plete line of these recording instruments adapted to meet almost 
every industrial requirement, covering the most complete variety 
of ranges for the measurement of pressure, temperature and electricity 
manufactured by any company in the world. Thousands of the re- 
corders are in daily use. They are based on scientific principles and 
are unequaled for their simplicity and reliability. Among the most 
valuable and extensively used are his recording pressure gauges, re- 
cording voltmeters, wattmeters, ampere meters, recording thermom- 
eters, pyrometers and his patent steel belt-lacing. 

In 1889 Mr. Bristol organized The Bristol Company for the pur- 
pose of manufacturing his inventions and he has been president of the 
company from its organization until January, 1906. 

At the Chicago Exposition, the company was awarded a medal 
and diploma for their exhibit of recording instruments and steel 
belt-lacing. A silver medal was awarded for the exhibit of the Bristol 
recording instruments at the Paris Exposition in 1900, and at the 
St. Louis Exposition in 1904, these recorders were awarded a gold 
medal. Mr. Bristol has received many other recognitions of the ex- 
cellence of his inventions, including the John Scott Legacy Medal 
awarded him by the Franklin Institute at Philadelphia in 1890. 

At the present time, he is developing a system of thermo-electric 
pyrometers for the measurement of high temperatures, and also a line 
of instruments for automatically recording extremely delicate move- 



PEOF. WILLIAM HENRY BRISTOL. 349 

ments of an indicating arm where the slightest friction would cause 
an inaccuracy in the record. 

Professor Bristol is a member of the American Society of Me- 
chanical Engineers and a Fellow of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science. In politics he is a Kepublican. Though he 
is not a member of any church society, he is affiliated with the Con- 
gregational denomination. His favorite sports are those afforded by 
out-door country life, boating and automobiling. 

In 1885, Prof. Bristol married J. Louise Wright, who died three 
years later. On June 28th, 1899, he married Elise H. Myers, who 
is a great-granddaughter of General Michael Myers. 



HENRY WOODWARD 

WOODWARD, HENRY, a leading citizen and druggist of 
Middletown, Middlesex County, Connecticut, was bom in 
that city, June 26th, 1838. His parents were Ellen Pratt 
Woodward and Dr. Charles Woodward, a physician honored for his 
skill and success in his profession, and for his public spirit and 
benevolence. He was actively interested in education, and was a 
trustee of Wesleyan University. He was also at different times 
state senator and representative. 

The first of the large and well knovn family of Woodward to 
be found in America was Henry Woodward, a physician, who came 
from England and settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1635. 
Third in line of descent from him was Israel Woodward, who served 
as captain in the French and Indian War. Thomas Dewey, another 
of Mr. Woodward's paternal ancestors, was an early colonial settler 
of some note. On his mother's side Mr. Woodward is descended from 
John Pratt, who came from England to Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
about 1735, and moved later to Hartford with Hooker's famous band. 
A big, healthy boy, yoimg Mr. Woodward was brought up in the 
little city of Middletown. Though not a very diligent student, he 
was fond of mathematics, and of reading history and biography. 
He attended Chase's Academy in Middletown, J. B. Woodford 
Academy in Windsor, and studied for a short time at Wesleyan 
University. In 1861 Mr. Woodward went into business as a druggist, 
a career adopted from force of circumstances and one which he has 
followed ever since with marked success. Though a man of true 
public spirit and an intelligent voter, Mr. Woodward has never desired 
public office, and held such office rarely, though he did valuable service 
to his state on the important Fish Commission in 1867-1869, and he 
has been alderman and a member of the City Water Commission. 
In political faith Mr. Woodward has been a Democrat, though he 
changed his allegiance in the instance of " Bryanism." Perhaps Mr. 
Woodward is best known for his prominence in Masonic circles in 

350 




^ 



^ -^ . % ^^ Jt^,Mams d ^'■^ 




HENBY WOODWAKD. 353 

which he is an enthusiastic leader and promoter. He has held many 
important offices in Templar Masonry, having become a thirty-third 
degree Mason, His activity in masonry may best be judged by the 
high masonic offices he has held. He has been Master of Lodge, 
Master of Council, Commander of Commandery, Grand Commander 
of Connecticut, President of the Connecticut Association of Past 
Grand Commanders and President of the New England Association 
of Past Grand Commanders. He has been a trustee of the Con- 
necticut Hospital for the Insane for thirty-five years, or since 1870, 
and is the only chairman the board has ever had. He has also served 
on the fiinance committee for over twenty-five years, a large part of 
the time as its chairman. 

Mr. Woodward finds his pleasantest relaxation in yachting and 
driving. He is unmarried and lives with his sister on Broad street, 
Middletown. 

Gleaning his principles from a long successful business career, 
and proving them in his own honored citizenship, Mr. Woodward 
gives the following careful advice to yoimg men. " Be true to yourself- 
Study questions from all sides. Consider the opinions of others, form 
and act upon your own. Cultivate self-reliance. Preserve your 
individuality always. Avoid excesses of all kinds. Never be afraid 
to say ' No: " 



CHARLES HENRY NOBLE 

NOBLE, CHAELES HENEY, bank commissioner for the State 
of Connecticut, expert accoimtant, and financier, of New Mil- 
ford, Litchfield County, Connecticut, was born there Decem- 
ber 13th, 1842, the son of Charles Clement Noble and Harriet Curtis 
Noble. His father was by trade a merchant tailor, and he was at one 
time the town clerk of New Milford. His mother died when he was but 
thirteen years old, but he has never forgotten her patient, loving care 
of her large family of eight children, or her dying advice, " be good to 
the children." Mr. Noble traces his ancestry to Thomas Noble, the 
emigrant ancestor of the largest family of the name in the United 
States, who was born in England about 1632 and was an inhabitant of 
Boston in 1653. Thomas Noble's son, John, was the first white settler 
of the tovm of New Milford, where he took up his residence in 1707 
and built a palisade house as a protection from the Indians. He was 
prominent in the affairs of the town and was a frequent representative 
in the General Assembly. Another of Mr. Noble's ancestors, Zadoch 
Noble, was a member of the New Milford Committee of InspectioB 
and Correspondence, and still another, Josiah Lacey, of Bridgeport, 
served in the Continental Army as private, ensign, second lieutenant, 
captain, and regimental quarter-master. He is also a direct descend- 
ant of Clement Bottsford of Newtown, Connecticut, who served as 
sergeant and ensign in the Eevolutionary Army. 

Having received a public school education, supplemented by a 
course in business college, Mr. Noble went to work as clerk in a general 
store in his native town. This was in 1860, and three years later he en- 
tered the Bank of Litchfield County, in New Milford, as a " bank boy," 
and remained there, passing through several promotions, until 1878, 
when he resigned his position of assistant cashier to become assistant 
to Hon. Andrew B. Mygatt, National Bank Examiner for the district 
of Connecticut and Ehode Island. He remained with Mr. Mygatt until 
August, 1879, and was in his service again from 1883 to 1887, when 
Mr. Mygatt was succeeded by the Hon. James W. Hyatt. Mr. Noble 

354 



CHARLES HENEY NOBLE. 355 

was retained in the same position by Mr. Hyatt, and when the latter 
was appointed treasurer of the United States, Mr. Noble went with 
him to Washington to represent him on the committee and count the 
fimds in the treasury preparatory to his giving a receipt to his pre- 
decessor. Before leaving Washington Mr. Noble was appointed bank 
commissioner for the State of Connecticut to fill a vacancy, and his 
term expired June 20th, 1889, For the two years following he was em- 
ployed in the Savings Bank of Danbury. In 1893 he again acted on 
a committee to count the funds of the United States Treasur}', a most 
responsible and delicate task, requiring the utmost accuracy and in- 
volving laborious pains. In 1897 and again in 1901 and for a 
fourth term in 1905 Mr. Noble was appointed Bank Commissioner for 
Connecticut. His present term of office will expire in 1909. 

In the intervals between these different financial engagements 
Mr. Noble has practiced as an accountant, having banking, insurance, 
publishing, and manufacturing concerns to audit and examine. He 
has also held various town offices, having been assessor of New Mil- 
ford in 1880 and 1881, auditor in 1894 and 1895, and town treasurer 
in 1896. He has been a member of the "Board of Trustees of the 
Library and Memorial Fund " of New Milford, and its secretary and 
treasurer since its organization in 1893, having charge of its building 
and trust funds. He has been secretary and treasurer of the New 
Milford Water Company since its organization in 1873, and a director 
in that company since 1887. He is greatly interested in all the affairs 
and interests of the town which his ancestors founded. He is a mem- 
ber of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Eevolution. 
In politics he is a Eepublican and in creed a Congregationalist, being 
a member of the First Congregational Church of New Milford. Mr. 
Noble has never married. 



ANDREW WHEELER PHILLIPS 

PHILLIPS, ANDEEW WHEELEE, Ph.D., Dean of the Gradu- 
ate School and professor of mathematics at Yale University, 
is one of those instructors who put their impress upon the 
minds and character of their students, who make their branch of 
instruction interesting, and who assure for themselves forever a warm 
place in the hearts of the men, even the world's busiest, who have 
known them. It might be said of him that he was a bom teacher 
and the review of his career shows that his earliest and always fondest 
ambition was to learn in order that he might have the power to im- 
part instruction. 

He was bom in Griswold, New London County, on March 14th, 
1844, the son of Dennison Phillips and Wealthy Browning (Wheeler) 
Phillips. His father was a typical New England farmer, endowed 
with hard-headed common sense, sturdy integrity, patient industry, 
and tireless energy. His mother, encouraging lofty ideals, did much 
to direct both his intellectual genius and to promote his moral and 
spiritual aspirations. 

With all his fondness for study, it was only by hard personal 
effort that he could secure the opportunity. He could get what learn- 
ing the public and private schools of his native town could afford him, 
but when it came to anything beyond that, his best energies had to be 
called into exercise. Thus, after leaving the preliminary schools, he 
entered upon a course of teaching in the public schools of eastern 
Connecticut, for which he was well equipped, but at the same time 
pursued the higher studies by himself. After four years of this teach- 
ing he became instructor in mathematics — his favorite branch — at 
Cheshire Academy, where he remained from 1864 to 1875. Mean- 
time, by studying mathematics with Professor Hubert A. Newton, at 
Yale, he obtained the degree of Ph. B. there in 1873, to be followed by 
the degree of Ph.D. in 1877, after a course in mathematics, physics, 
political and social sciences, and philosophy. Trinity College gave 
him the honorary degree of M. A. in 1875. 

856 



ANDREW WHEELER PHILLIPS. 357 

In 1876, he was called to Yale to serve as tutor in mathematics. 
In 1881 he was appointed assistant professor, in 1891 professor, and 
in 1895, in addition to his position as professor, he was chosen Dean 
of the Graduate School of the University. All these appointments 
were recognitions of his skill as a teacher and administrator, and also, 
to the minds of those who knew him, of his wide popularity with the 
faculty, the student body, and the alumni. In 1883, he was chosen 
trustee of the Episcopal Academy of Connecticut at Cheshire, in 1886 
trustee of the Hopkins Grammar School in New Haven, in 1891 
trustee of the Hotchkiss School at Lakeville (since 1900 he has been 
president of that board), and in 1903 trustee of the Cheshire School 
(incorporated) at Cheshire. 

His mathematical writings cover a wide field. They include " The 
Graphic Algebra" (in conjunction with Professor Beebe), "The 
Elements of Geometry" (in conjunction with Professor Fisher), 
"Trigonometry and Tables" (in conjunction with Doctor Strong), 
editing the Connecticut Alumni for thirteen years, 1883-1894, a bio- 
graphical sketch of Professor Hubert A. Newton, and various papers 
on higher mathematics and astronomy for scientific and educational 
journals. 

Among the societies of which he is a fellow or member are the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American 
Mathematical Society, and the Connecticut Academy of Arts and 
Sciences. 

In politics he is a Republican. He is a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He was married to Maria Scoville Clarke, on 
April 22d, 1867. She died February 22d, 1896. His home is at No. 
209 York street. New Haven. 

The lesson Professor Phillips would teach to all young Americans 
aspiring to success with high motives is : " In whatever work one is 
engaged, let him do it with all his might and be fitting himself at the 
same time for something higher." 



JOHN D. BROWNE 

BEOWNE, JOHN D., president of the Connecticut Fire Insur- 
ance Company of Hartford, son of Gurdon Perkins and 
Esther (Dean) Browne, was bom in Plainfield, Windham 
County, Connecticut, in 1836. The old homestead, first occupied 
by his great-great-grandfather, has remained in the family nearly 
two hundred years. His grandfather, John Browne, enlisted in the 
patriot army in 1776, and with two of his brothers served through 
the long and trying period of the war and endured the privations 
and hardships of that cheerless winter at Valley Forge. On the 
headstone which marks his grave in the little " Green Hollow " 
cemetery is this simple inscription, " A Soldier of the Revolution." 
Mr. Browne's father was a hard-working farmer, a justice of the 
peace, and an assessor in his native town, who reared his family 
in habits of industry and frugality, and did not forget to inculcate 
by precept and example those principles of robust morality and pa- 
triotism in which he himself had been trained. He was also a school 
teacher of considerable local celebrity, beginning to teach, at the 
age of seventeen, the district school in his own and neighboring 
towns, and continuing in that profession through thirty-six winters. 
He was an ardent Democrat of the old school, always performing 
his duties as a patriotic citizen and voting at every election in his 
town imtil the very close of his long life. He died at the age of 
eighty-three years. Mr. Browne's mother was a woman of rare quali- 
ties, deeply solicitous for the intellectual and spiritual culture of her 
children. The keynote of her character was, " Walk humbly, deal 
justly, love mercy." She died at the age of eighty-seven years. 

In youth Mr. Browne's life was devoted to the farm and the 
district school, and at the age of nineteen he taught the schools 
in his native town. But the duties of a school teacher were not con- 
genial as a life work. Having, in 1855, made a visit to the then far- 
off territory of Minnesota, he made a second journey thither in the 
spring of 1857, and located in Minneapolis, where, after varying 

358 




i-''.'- * 





'^T^^^-^^'^yy^^ 



JOHN D. BEOWNE. 361 

occupations — including the duties of associate editor of the weekly 
paper — he engaged in the service of the Minneapolis Mill Company, 
and for two years aided in the development and improvement of 
the magnificent water power at that point, which has since brought 
wealth and power to that beautiful city. When the work was com- 
pleted Mr. Browne was selected by the Little Falls Manufacturing 
Company to undertake the development of the fine water power at that 
point. He was elected a director and secretary, and appointed agent 
to carry on the work. Little Falls was at that time a small village 
of a few hundred inhabitants, on the extreme border of civiliza- 
tion, about one hundred miles north of Minneapolis. Here he spent 
a year, with a crew of forty men, constructing a dam across the 
Mississippi Eiver, under great difficulties successfully completing 
the work. This point was about three hundred miles north of the 
nearest railroad (LaCrosse) and nearly all supplies for the crew 
had to be hauled overland from Minneapolis or St. Paul. This 
work involved a large responsibility and was no small undertaking 
for a young man of twenty-four. 

While in Minnesota Mr. Browne was actively prominent in 
local and state politics, aided in the organization of the Eepublican 
party in Minnesota in 1855 (territorial days), and held intimate 
relations with the dominant party at the National Capital through 
the administration of President Lincoln, for whose election he had 
been an enthusiastic and effective worker. He was often a delegate 
to county and state conventions, and was elected an alternate delegate 
to the National Eepublican Convention which nominated Mr. Lin- 
coln at Chicago, in 1860. At the close of the presidential campaign 
he was elected messenger to take the first electoral vote of the state 
to Washington, — an office regarded as highly complimentary at that 
time. He remained in Washington during the eventful winter pre- 
ceeding the withdrawal of the seceding states, and during his stay 
there received an appointment in the Interior Department, under 
Joseph Wilson, Commissioner of the General Land Office. For 
four years, during Lincoln's administration, he was chief clerk in 
the office of Surveyor General of Public lands in St. Paul, to which 
city the office had been recently removed from Detroit. He was 
appointed with the rank of major on the staff of General Daley, then 
in command of the state militia. When the call to arms came in 



362 JOHN D. BROWNE. 

1861, he, with others, enlisted and recruited a company for the Second 
Kegiment, and reported at Fort Snelling, but was rejected by the 
examining surgeon on accoimt of physical disability. 

In 1865 Mr. Browne returned to his native state and engaged 
in the business of fire insurance. In 1867 he became connected 
with the Hartford Fire Isurance Company, as its general agent and 
adjuster. In 1870 he was elected secretary of that company, in the 
duties of which he was engaged until called to the presidency of 
the Connecticut Fire Insurance Company in 1880. This company, ' 
under his leadership, has marched steadily forward to its present 
position as one of the large and solid financial institutions of ; 
Hartford. In the year ending January 1st, 1880, its premium in- ^ 
come was $399,348; the assets, $1,483,480. In the year ending 
January 1st, 1906, the premium income was $3,147,059.57; the 
assets, $5,813,619.36. During this period the semi-annual divi- 
dends, regularly paid, amounted to $2,500,000, — figures which 
speak for themselves. The Connecticut met the great disaster in San 
Francisco with unflinching courage. It immediately announced to 
claimants in San Francisco, policy-holders and the public generally, 
that aU claims in San Francisco and elsewhere would be promptly 
paid and the Connecticut would continue business as usual. As an 
indication of confidence in the management, and the courage of their 
convictions as to the future of the business, the stockholders unani- 
mously voted, and promptly paid in, one million dollars in cash, to 
strengthen the company beyond " the possibility of critical scrutiny." 
The handsome building of the company, at the comer of Grove and 
Prospect streets, was largely the result of Mr. Browne's planning and 
taste. 

In politics Mr. Browne is independent. He cut loose from the i 
Eepublican party at the time of the nomination of Blaine and ad- 
vocated the election of Cleveland, whose administration he cordially 
approved. He is an uncompromising foe to centralization, paternal- 
ism, and imperialism in government. He believes in the Declaration 
of Independence, the Eights of the States, and the Constitution as 
imderstood by the fathers. He is interested in many Hartford busi- 
ness, charitable, and social organizations and associations; is a 
director in the Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company, the Na- 
tional Exchange Bank; director, member of the Finance Committee 



JOHN D. BKOWNE. 363 

and chairman of the Board of Managers of the Hartford Estreat; 
director, member of the Finance and Executive Committees of the 
Connecticut Humane Society; director of the Charity Organization 
Society; president of the Hartford Charitable Society; member of 
the Connecticut Historical Society, the Hartford Board of Trade, the 
Hari;ford Club, the Hari;ford Golf Club, the Sons of the American 
Eevolution, the Eeform Club of New York, formeriy a member of the 
Visiting Committee of the Connecticut Prison Association, and a 
cheerful suppori;er of all legitimate, charitable, and educational work. 
He was married in 1861, to Miss Frances Cleveland, daughter 
of Luther and Lydia (Woodward) Cleveland, of Plainfield, Connecti- 
cut. She died in 1893, leaving two daughters, Alice Cleveland, wife 
of Francis E. Cooley of Hartford, and Virginia Frances Browne. 



NELSON JAMES WELTON 

W ELTON, NELSON JAMES, civil and hydraulic engineer, 
was bom in Waterbury (Buck's Hill), Connecticut, Feb- 
ruary 15th, 1839. The Welton family has had a prom- 
inence in the history of Waterbury dating from the town's earliest 
days and well maintained by its present representative. He is a 
lineal descendant of Eichard Welton (son of John Welton of Wales, 
England), who was the first English male child of European parents 
born in Waterbury. The house which he built and in which he lived 
after 1708 was also the birth place of Nelson James Welton, having 
passed through five generations of Weltons by inheritance. Eichard 
Welton, a builder by trade, was a Bachelor's Proprietor before 1700 
and one of the first Episcopalians of Waterbury. He was Sergeant 
of the Township and Freeholder's Courts were held in his house. 
His great-great-grandson, Mr. Welton's father, was Lyman Welton, 
a farmer and musician, and a man esteemed for his integrity. His 
wife, Mr. Welton's mother, was Minerva Judd, granddaughter of 
the Eev. Chaimcey Prindle. The Judd family is descended from 
Deacon Thomas Judd, who came from England in 1634. 

Mr. Welton was reared on his father's farm and brought up 
to do all kinds of farm labor. His entire youth was spent in the 
country and filled with so much hard work that his education was 
obtained under great difficulties. He attended the district school 
until he was sixteen when he went to the Waterbury Academy and 
studied land surveying under Mr. and Mrs. Charles Fabrique. In 
the summers he worked on the farm and at surveying and at all 
times read all the engineering and mathematical works available. 
At eighteen he taught school, continuing to teach in the winter 
for five years. 

In June, 1850, being then twenty-one, Mr. Welton was appointed 
County Surveyor for New Haven County. He opened an office in 
Waterbury, where he has been engaged ever since in land surveying, 
•civil and hydraulic engineering, the settlement of estates and civil 

364 




^lA^^^. /^£^^^^ 



NELSON JAMES WELTON. 866 

offices. In January, 1869, Mr. Welton married Mrs. Frances R. 
(Phillips) Lyon of Sm3rrna, New York. She died in 1900, leaving 
no children. In 1870 Mr. William W. Bonnett became associated with 
Mr. Welton, and the firm of Welton and Bonnett still exists, though 
as consulting engineers only. 

As a public official Mr. Welton has served his city in many 
capacities. In 1853, when the city of Waterbury was incorporated, he 
was the first city clerk. He was street surveyor and city engineer for 
thirty-two years, grand juror for four years, and justice of the peace 
for twenty-eight years. He has also been town clerk, probate judge 
and recorder of the city court. In 1861 he was Democratic represent- 
ative of the town in the State Legislature. In 1867 he built the 
city water works. He was president of the city water board for 
twenty-seven years and engineer and superintendent of the depart- 
ment for thirty years. In 1883 and 1884 he had charge of the 
construction of the city sewerage. He is a member of the Con- 
necticut Association of Civil Engineers and a Fellow of the American 
Society of Civil Engineers, and for twenty-five years has served on 
the State Board of Civil Engineers. He has been superintendent and 
secretary of the Eiverside Cemetery Association since 1853 and treas- 
urer since 1865. He has also been Councilman, Alderman and Acting 
Mayor of Waterbury, and was a member of the first board of trustees 
of the Bronson Free Library. He is a director in the Waterbury 
National Bank and the Waterbury Savings Bank, and treasurer of 
St. Margaret's Diocesan School in his city. 

j Mr. Welton's family have always been staunch Episcopalians and 
supporters of St. John's Church in their native city. He was con- 
nected with the Sunday School of that Church for fifty-two years and 
since then has been Senior Warden and Parish Agent. He is a 
prominent Free Mason. He was made a Mason in Harmony 
Lodge, No. 42, Waterbury, in 1856, and Woj'shipful Master of 
the Lodge in 1865 and 1866, a Royal Arch Mason in Eureka 
Chapter, No. 22, in 1858, and High Priest of the Chapter in 
1863 and 1864. He is a Charter Member of Continental Lodge, No. 
76, and a member of Waterbury Council, Royal and Select Masters, 
No. 21. In 1865 he was knighted in New Haven Commandery, No. 
2, K. T., became a Charter Member of Clark Commandery, No. 7, 
and served as Eminent Commander in 1873 and 1874. In 1881 he 

18 365 



366 NELSON JAMES WELTON. 

passed through the grades of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Eite in 
E. G. Storer Lodge of Perfection, Elm City Council P. of J. and 
New Haven Chapter K. C, and the next year received the Consistory 
grades in LaFayette Consistory S. P. E. S. at Bridgeport. He is also 
a memher of Pyramid Temple Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine at Bridgeport and an honorary member of Mecca 
Temple, New York City. Sir Welton has served one year, 1881 to 
1882, as Grand Commander of the Grand Commandery, Knights: 
Templar of Connecticut. He is an Honorary Life Member of thel 
Masonic Charity Foundation of Connecticut. He was created an 
Honorary Member of the Supreme Council thirty-third and last degree: 
for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction U. S. A., September 16th,l 
1902, at Providence, E. I. 

Mr. Welton considers the strongest influence upon his life to be 
home, private study, the Church and Masonry. His message to young' 
Americans is most practical. " Earn your own living, live on eighty 
per cent of your earnings, give regularly ten per cent of your earnings 
to Charity and lay by ten per cent as an investment. In this way 
one can accumulate property and learn the pleasure of giving." 



ROBERT WATKINSON HUNTINGTON, JR. 

WHEN Eobert Watkinson Himtiiigtoii, Jr., left Yale Univer- 
sity with the degree of B.A., in the class of 1889, he was 
ready to do with all his might what his hands found to do. 
And what his hands found to do, in his native city, was the work of 
runner or errand boy in the home office of the Connecticut General 
Life Insurance Company. The company then had assets amoimting 
to $1,820,994, and 5,690 policies in force, representing $7,500,000 
insurance. January 1, 1906, the company had assets of $5,940,379.10, 
and 19,785 policies, representing $30,224,431. And Mr. Huntington 
is the company^s president. 

This represents the effort and attainment in the present genera- 
tion of a family which includes Simon Huntington, Puritan emigrant 
in 1634, the Lothrops who came in 1620, Jonathan Trumbull, 
" Brother Jonathan," the Hon. Hezekiah Huntington, the Hon. Sam- 
uel Howard Himtington, and Colonel Eobert Watkinson Huntington. 
Colonel Huntington began " at the bottom " in the United States 
Marine Corps, early in the Civil War, and with fresh laurels won in 
the Spanish-American War, the hero of Guantanamo, he was holding 
the commission of colonel in the Corps when he was retired in 1900. 
Jane Lothrop Trumbull, the coloneFs wife and the mother of Eobert 
W. Huntington, Jr., was the great-granddaughter of Governor Jona- 
than Trumbull. 

Mr. Huntington was bom in Norwich, Connecticut, November 9th, 
1866, and at an early age went to Hartford where his paternal grand- 
father. Judge Samuel Howard Huntington, was living. He was able to 
indulge to its full his fondness for outdoor sports, particularly hunting 
and fishing, and thereby to establish that physique which in later years 
was to take him through the period of hard study and into the place 
where he could carry the burden of large responsibility without diminu- 
tion of youthful spirit and energy. Necessarily his reading and study 
have been largely along mathematical and economic lines; but in his 

367 



368 ROBERT WATKINSON HUNTINGTON, JR. 

recreation he has found pleasure and in his labor refreshment in the 
poetry of Robert Browning. 

Mr. Huntington was prepared for college in Hartford, a pupil 
in the West Middle District and a graduate of the Hartford Public 
High School, whence he went to Yale, graduating in 1889. He was 
a member of the Senior society of Scroll and Key and of other soci- . 
eties in college. It was in November, after graduation, that he entered ti 
the office of the Connecticut General Life Insurance Company, and he t 
had held nearly every position in it, including the offices of actuary i| 
and secretary, when he was chosen president in 1901. He is a fellow »' 
of the Actuarial Society of America. 

In politics he is independent. He is trustee or director in some of > 
Hartford's strongest financial institutions. In religion he is a Protes- 
tant Episcopalian. 




C^ifex-z^SMf 1^0 O^^-^^-^^ 



ATWOOD COLLINS 

COLLINS, ATWOOD, banker, former broker and lawyer, presi- 
dent of the Security Company and a prominent local office- 
holder of Hartford, Connecticut, was bom there September 
19th, 1851. He is descended from John Collins, who came from 
England to Boston before 1640 and later settled in Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts. Another ancestor, Col. Moses Lyman, served in the Eevo- 
lution. Mr. CoUins' father, Erastus Collins, a man of sterling char- 
acter, conservative habits and charitable deeds, was engaged in the 
wholesale dry goods commission business. Mr. Collins' mother was 
Mary Atwood Collins. 

After preparing for college at the Hartford Public High School, 
Atwood ColHns entered Yale College, where he received his B.A. de- 
gree in 1873. During his college course he was elected to three Greek 
letter societies. Kappa Sigma Epsilon, Delta Beta Xi, and Delta 
Kappa Epsilon and to the senior secret society Scroll and Key. He 
was a speaker at class day and in many ways a class leader. As soon 
as he left college Mr. Collins entered his father's company that he 
might master the wholesale dry goods commission business and in a 
few years he was given an interest in the business. In 1876 the busi- 
ness was wound up and he became occupied with real estate and family 
trusts. He decided to study law and entered Columbia Law School 
for that purpose in 1879. He became a member of the Hartford 
County Bar, but upon his father's death, in 1880, he gave up the law 
and entered into partnership with Daniel E. Howe, dealing in stocks 
and bonds. In 1895 he was made vice-president of the Security Com- 
pany of Hartford and at the end of one year became president of this 
large trust and banking business and he has remained in this responsi- 
ble office since that time. 

Mr. Collins is vice-president of the Society for Savings of Hart- 
ford, director in the United States Bank, in the Farmers and Mechan- 
ics National Bank, in the ^tna Insurance Company, in the Hartford 
Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Company, in the Hartford 

371 



372 ATWOOD COLLINS. 

Electric Light Company, in the Gas Securities Company and in the 
Farmington Eiver Power Company. He is president of the Americar 
School for the Deaf, of the Charity Organization Society, a trustee 
of the Hari;ford Theological Seminary, and a director in the Connecti- 
cut Humane Society. He has served his city as councilman, alder- 
man, health commissioner and charity commissioner. He was stafl 
oflBcer on the Governor's Foot Guard imder Majors Kinney and Hyde,( 
In 1896 he was a state delegate to the National Congress of IrrigatioE 
held at Phoenix, Arizona. He has always held allegiance to the Eepub-i; 
lican pari;y and been an active member of the Congregational Church.! 
Mr. Collins is a great lover of outdoor life and sporis and is particu-: 
lariy devoted to bicycling, tennis and hunting. In June, 1880, he' 
married Mary Bu el Brace, by whom he has had five children, four of 
whom are living. 



THEODORE SEDGWICK GOLD 

GOLD, THEODOEE SEDGWICK, late a^culturist, writer 
and educator, of Cornwall, Litchfield County, Connecticut, 
who was for half a century one of the chief promoters of 
agriculture in Connecticut, was bom in Madison, New York, March 
2d, 1818, and died in Cornwall, Connecticut, March 20th, 1906. He 
belonged to a very old and prominent family, whose early members 
were connected with the earliest settlement of Connecticut. Major 
Nathan Gold came from Bury St. Edmonds, England, in the reign 
of Charles II, settled in Fairfield, Connecticut, and was one of the 
signers of the charter of Connecticut. He was also a member of the 
council in 1657. Nathan Gold, Jr., was lieutenant-governor of Con- 
necticut for fifteen years, recorder of the town of Fairfield for many 
years, and chief justice of the supreme court in 1712. Erastus Cleve- 
land, Mr. Gold's maternal grandfather, commanded at Sacketfs Har- 
bor in the War of 1812 and was a member of the New York legis- 
lature, while Colonel Abraham Gold, another paternal ancestor, lost 
his life in the Eevolution. In Mr. Gold's ancestral line there are 
names of many other men who made their mark in the professions, in 
patriotic service, and in pursuing agriculture because of a strong love 
of the soil. Mr. Gold's father, Samuel Wadsworth Gold, was a physi- 
cian who served his fellow men as state senator and presidential elec- 
tor, and whom his son described as " an educated gentleman, hospita- 
ble and philanthropic, serving the poor as weU as the rich, and in- 
tensely patriotic." Mr. Gold's mother was Phebe Cleveland, a woman 
of strong mind, spirit and faith. 

The love for the fields and woods was stronger in the boy Theo- 
dore Gold than for studies and books and, therefore, the reading that 
he chose for himself was chiefly natural history, chemistry and agri- 
cultural works. He was an industrious boy and at a very early age 
took care of the horse, the cow and the garden. He prepared for 
college at Goshen Academy and then entered Yale College, where he 
took his A.B. degree in 1838 and his A.M. degree in 1841. After his 

373 



874 THEODORE SEDGWICK GOLD. 

graduation from the academic department he taught school in Goshen 
for two winters and in Waterbury for one winter and took the courses 
in medicine and natural history which gave him his A.M. degree. 

In 1842 Theodore Gold took possession of the Cream Hill farm 
in Cornwall, Litchfield County, Connecticut, and in 1845 he and his 
father established the Cream Hill Agricultural School. He gave the 
rest of his life to the pursuit and study of agriciilture and became one 
of the most experienced, thorough, scientific and useful agriculturists 
in the state. He taught in the Cream Hill School for twenty-four 
years, that is, from 1845 to 1869. From 1866 to 1901 he held the 
responsible and influential oflfice of secretary of the Connecticut Board 
of Agriculture. He was trustee of the State Agricultural College 
from 1881 to 1901 and a member of the board of control of the Con- 
necticut Agricultural Experiment Station from 1887 until his death 
in 1906. He edited thirty-four reports of the Connecticut Board of 
Agriculture and wrote many articles on agricultural topics for local 
and agricultural papers. 

Mr. Gold took a generous and active interest in all movements 
and institutions connected with the public good and in 1864 he was 
one of those who secured a charter for the Soldiers' Orphans Home 
and was its secretary for the subsequent ten years. He was deacon 
in the Congregational Church in Cornwall for twenty-seven years and 
vice-president of the Connecticut Historical Society. He was not 
interested in Masonic or fraternal orders, but was a member of the 
Litchfield County University Club. He was also a member of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American 
Pomological Societ}'^, the American Forestry Association, the Con- 
necticut Forestry Association, the National Geographical Association, 
the American Historical Society, the Connecticut Historical Society, 
the Society of Founders and Patriots, and the Society of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

One of his most creditable and permanent public services was 
his " History of Cornwall," a careful, accurate and interesting his- 
tory of his home town which will keep his name as freshly honored 
by generations to come as his work and personality is by his contem- 
poraries. In politics Mr. Gold was a Republican of strong convictions, 
though he was too busy with his life work in agriculture to seek or 
hold political office. 



THEODORE SEDGWICK GOLD. 375 

The underlying principle of Mr. Gold's life was the determination 
to serve his fellow men with useful, unselfish service, and this purpose 
bore much fruit. He was a farmer because he loved farm life and 
work and his achievements in the advancement of agriculture were 
very great. Of his own life and ideals he said, " I have enjoyed a 
reasonable degree of success in my plans in life. A little more energy 
at times might have secured better results. An honest, pure life is 
conducive to health and happiness all along the way and of happy 
memories in old age." He lived to the ripe age of eighty-eight and 
could look back upon a life of rare usefulness, purposefulness and 
accomplishment. 

Mr. Gold is survived by a wife, six children and nineteen grand- 
children. Mrs. Gold was Mrs. Emma Tracy Baldwin, whom he mar- 
ried in 1859 and who was his second wife. His first wife was Caro- 
line E. Lockwood, whom he married in 1843 and who died in 1857. 



FRANK LOOMIS PALMER 

PALMEE, FRANK LOOMIS, who, as president of the Pahnen 
Brothers Company, manufacturers of bed comfortables, is 
at the head of one of the largest industries of its kind in thiej 
country, was born in Montville, Connecticut, June 9th, 1851, and be-i 
longs to a family who have been engaged in the manufacture of cotton 
goods for seven generations. He traces his ancestry to Walter Palmer, 
the emigrant ancestor of the family, who came to America in 1629,' 
settled in Salem, Massachusetts, and was afterwards a founder of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, and the builder of the first home in that 
town. In 1633 he located in Stonington, Connecticut, and the family 
name and business has been in that neighborhood ever since. Deacon 
Gershom Palmer, son of Walter Palmer, was a soldier in the Colonial 
Wars. Gideon Palmer, in the next generation, was an extensive land 
owner in Montville and the inventor of a method of extracting oil from 
cotton seed and of an oil press on which the present baling press is 
modeled. He built paper mills and was greatly interested in pubUc 
improvements. His son, Frank L. Palmer's father, was the Hon. 
Elisha H. Palmer, a man of remarkable business ability and integrity, 
who was a leader of the anti-slavery movement and of many important 
moral reforms and who was state senator, representative, and the in- 
cumbent of many town offices and public commissions. Mr. Pahner'e. 
mother was Ellis Loomis of Lyme. 

After two years' study at Claverack-on-the-Hudson, for which he 
was prepared in the district schools of Montville, Frank L. Palmer 
entered immediately upon the career of a business man. At sixteen 
he went west on an extended business trip and a year later he returned 
home and entered the manufacturing business with his brothers. They 
have continued in the manufacture of bed quilts and other cotton 
goods and have built up a business second to none of its kind in the 
world. The company has large mills in Montville on the Oxoboxo 
stream, in Oakdale, Palmertown and Fitch ville. In 1900 the firm 

876 



FRANK LOOMIS PALMEE. 377 

of Palmer Brothers was incorporated and Frank L. Palmer was made 
president, a position he still holds. 

In politics Mr. Palmer affiliates with the Eepublican party and 
in creed he follows the belief of the Episcopal Church. He is a mem- 
ber of the Manhattan Club, the New York Yacht Club, and the 
Thames Club of New London, in which city he makes his residence 
and home. His family consists of a wife, Louisa Townsend of Vicks- 
burg, Miss., whom he married in 1876, and of a son, Charles Town- 
send Palmer, and two daughters, Theodora and Virginia Palmer. 



ROCKWELL HARMON POTTER 

POTTER, EEV. ROCKWELL HARMON, pastor of the Fiiet- 
Church of Christ in Hartford, Connecticut, one of the best-: 
known, most active and eloquent ministers in that city, is a 
native of Glenville, Schenectady County, New York, where he was 
bom on October 1st, 1874. He is the son of Spencer S. Potter, a 
farmer, and Catharine Harmon Potter, a woman of strong characteit 
and a marked influence for good on her son's personality. On his 
father's side Mr. Potter traces his ancestry to Nathaniel Potter, who 
emigrated from England to Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 1636, andi 
on the maternal side he is descended from John Harmon, who also! 
came from England and settled in Springfield, Massachusetts, and; 
Suffield, Connecticut, about 1650. He is also descended from Thomas' 
Romeyn, who came from Holland, was graduated from Princeton in 
1750, and was a clergyman of the Reformed Church on Long Island 
and in the Mohawk valley. 

Although a farmer's son and a healthy, vigorous lad, Harmon 
Potter greatly disliked the farm duties which fell to his lot in boy- 
hood. He was naturally studious and thoughtful and determined at 
a very early age to become a minister. He prepared for college at the 
Union Classical Institute in Schenectady, New York, and after com- 
pleting the course pursued there he entered Union College, where he 
was graduated in 1895 with the degree of A.B. He then studied for 
a year at the Yale Divinity School and another year at the Union 
Theological Seminary. In 1898 he took the degree of B.D, at thei 
Chicago Theological Seminary. 

The year 1898 chronicled other important events in Mr. Potter's 
life besides the completion of his professional education. On May 
12th of that year he married Jean A. Gilchrist of MarshaUtown, Iowa, 
by whom he has had three children. In 1898 also he entered upon 
his first pastorate, the Reformed Church in Flushing, New York, 
where he remained two years, that is, until his call to his present i 
pastorate in Hartford. 

878 



ROCKWELL HARMON POTTER. 379 

Since 1900 Mr. Potter has been pastor of the Center Congrega- 
tional Church of Hartford, for that is the name by which the First 
Church of Christ in that city is best known. It is the oldest and 
leading church of its denomination in the city and as its head Mr. 
Potter has a position of great influence and responsibility in the 
religious life of Hartford. Though a very young man, his influence 
is wide, not only in his own parish, but in the social, civil and intel- 
lectual life of his community, and his interest in and influence upon 
young men is especially strong and fruitful. Earnest and eloquent 
in the pulpit, humane, sympathetic, tactful and untiring in parish 
work, and consistent and steadfast in his Christianity, Rockwell Har- 
mon Potter stands in a position of great influence and force and is 
accomplishing a great work for the good of his fellow men. 

In his social relations Mr. Potter is a man of few but strong in- 
terests. Politically he is identified with the party of " Patriots." He 
is a member of the Twentieth Century Club of Hartford, of the college 
fraternity Chi Psi, and of the Hartford Golf Club. He is intensely 
interested and active in all public matters and is an influential and 
zealous citizen of his adopted city. 



CASPER FREDERICK GOODRICH 

GOODEICH, CASPAE FEEDEEICK, officer in the United 
States Navy, president of the Naval Institute, and at present 
Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Squadron, 
whose life-long service in the Navy has won him an international repu- 
tation as a patriotic, distinguished, capable, and valiant naval officer, 
was bom in Philadelphia, Pa., January 7th, 1847, and his present 
home when on land and off duty is in Pomfret, Windham County, Con- 
necticut. His parents were William Goodrich, a merchant and a man 
of great generosity, and Sarah A. Bearden Goodrich. Of his earUer 
ancestors there are authentic and interesting records, tracing the Hne 
through eight generations and revealing many worthy names. The 
earliest of these was Ensign William Goodrich, who came from Suffolk 
County, England, in the brig Abigail, settled first in Watertown, 
Massachusetts, and later in Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he died 
in 1676. He served in the Pequot War. In 1630, another ancestor, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Eichard Cocke came from Devonshire, England, to 
Virginia. Among the Admiral's most noteworthy progenitors were 
Eev. Charles Chauncey, president of Harvard College in 1654; Major 
William Chittenden (1593-1660), the principal military man in the 
Colony of Connecticut at that time; Eev. Gershom Bulkeley (1636- 
1713), chaplain of the Connecticut troops in King Philip's War; 
Captain Thomas Standish (1612-1692), keeper of the fort in Weth- 
ersfield; Hon. John Doming and Hon, Eichard Treat, patentees of 
Connecticut in the royal charter of 1662 ; Ensign William Goodrich 
(1661-1737), who served in Queen Anne's War; William Cocke, who 
fought at King's Mountain, and was a member of the legislatures 
of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi, and was also 
first United States Senator from Tennessee, and Major-General John 
Cocke, member of Congress and an officer who took part in the Creek 
War. 

Fishing, mineralogy, and books were Caspar Goodrich's chief 
interests in boyhood. He spent his youth in New Haven, and acquired 

880 




(% 



^z^^^^^ 



t^, ^<v5j^:^^^4>iu>^r;^ 



CASPER FEEDEEICK GOODRICH. 381 

his preliminary education at the L. A. Thomas Private School and 
Russell's Collegiate and Commercial Institute in that city. Outside of 
his school work he read professional works with great zeal. He was very 
patriotic and ambitious and chose for himself a career in the Navy. 
After completing his studies in New Haven he entered the United 
States Naval Academy, where he graduated in 1864, at the head of his 
class, after which he became a midshipman in the United States Navy. 
His first work as a young officer was on board the steam frigate 
Colorado and the tender Frolic in Europe from April, 1865, to De- 
cember, 1868, during the latter part of which period he was associated 
with Admiral Farragut. 

In 1869, his promotion having brought him to the rank of 
Lieutenant-commander, he went to South America on the sailing 
sloop Portsmouth. In 1871 he became instructor in Physics and 
Chemistry at the Naval Academy, and held this position until 1874, 
when he went to Germany to take a special course in physics at the 
Polytecknicum in Stuttgart. The following year, 1875, he went to 
China in the Tennessee and returned home in the old Kearsarge in 
1877. He was then assistant at the Torpedo Station until 1880, when 
he took a year's leave in Europe. In 1881 he became second-in-com- 
mand of the flagship Lancaster, on a cruise in Europe which lasted 
until February, 1884, and during which he commanded the detach- 
ment of sailors and marines landed from the American men-of-war in 
July, 1882, to preserve order in Alexandria, Egypt, after its bombard- 
ment by the British fleet. It was during this same period of three 
years, from 1881 to 1884, that he was foreign naval and military 
attach^ on the staff of Sir Garnet Wolseley in the Tel-el-Kebir 
campaign. In 1884 he brought to the United States the purchased 
Thetis and the Alert (the latter a gift from the British government), 
both vessels were destined for the relief of the luckless Greeley, then at 
death's door at Cape Sabine. From 1884 to 1885 Commander 
Goodrich was Inspector of Ordnance (gun builder) at the Washing- 
ton Navy Yard, and the following year he became Special Inspector 
at the Bureau of Ordnance, Navy Department, and naval member 
of the Endicott Fortifications Board. From 1886 to 1889 he was 
in. charge of the Torpedo Station, and this service was followed 
by his going to sea again, this time in command of the sloop-of- 
war Jamestown, the sailing frigate Constellation and the gun- 



382 CASPER FREDERICK GOODRICH. 

boat Concord, which commands lasted until 1895. From 1895 tc 
1896 he was busied as lecturer at the Naval War College, and h( 
was president of that institution in 1897 and 1898. In April, 1898 
he established the Coast Signal Service, and then took command of th(| 
auxiliary cruiser St. Louis of the American Line, in which he had th( 
first engagement with the forts at Santiago, and saw constant anc 
active service, cutting cables, under fire and otherwise, carrying dis-l 
patches and capturing blockade runners. He landed General Shafter'gi 
army, brought Admiral Cervera north with seven himdred Spanish 
prisoners, carried out General Brooke, his headquarters staff and ai 
regiment of Illinois volunteers to Porto Eico, and did many other 
brave and "telling deeds." In command of the cruiser Newark at 
Manzanillo he fought the last naval action of the Spanish-AmericaD' 
War, and he afterwards received a well-deserved battle medal witb; 
two bars. After the war he took command of the Iowa for a year andf' 
then, in 1900, resumed his lectures at the Naval War College. In 
1901 he took command of the receiving ship at League Island and re- 
tained this command for two years at the end of which, in 1903, he 
became Commandant of the Portsmouth Navy Yard. In February, 
1904, he was promoted to the rank of Eear Admiral, and in August, ; 
1904, he hoisted his flag on board the New York as commander-in- 
chief of the United States Pacific Squadron, in which capacity he is 
now serving. In September, 1904, he took charge of the Russian 
cruiser Lena, and dealt with the matter to the great satisfaction of 
everyone concerned. His management of the investigation into the 
causes and incidents of the unfortimate boiler explosion on board the 
U. S. S. Bennington, in July, 1905, was characterized by firmness, 
tact, and a determination to get at the truth at all costs. A painful 
duty was most conscientiously performed. Eecently, hearing while 
at sea, through a wireless dispatch, that San Francisco was in sore 
distress, he pushed on at top speed with all his available vessels. The 
Nav/s admirable record at that time and place was in no small meas- 
ure due to his energy, promptness, and professional experience. 

Admiral Goodrich is the author of many professional articles. 
His report of the " British Naval and Military Operations in Egypt 
in 1883," published in 1883 by the Intelligence Officer of the Navy De- 
partment, is still the standard and accepted history of that campaign. 
He is permanent president of the Naval Order of St. Louis, a member 



CASPEK FREDERICK GOODRICH. 383 

of the Pomfret Club of his home town, of the Metropolitan, Century, 
Players, and Yacht Clubs of New York, of the University Clubs of 
Philadelphia and San Francisco, of the Army and Navy Club of 
Washington, and the Naval Academy Club of Annapolis. He is a 
member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Golf, riding, shooting, 
and bridge are his favorite diversions, and he has always encouraged 
athletics on every ship he has ever commanded, and is now instru- 
mental in fostering pulling and sailing matches, football, baseball, 
and track athletics in his squadron. In 1888 Yale University con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of M.A. In 1873 he married 
Eleanor Milnor, by whom he has had five children, three of whom are 
now living. 

A life full of successful achievement and significant activity needs 
no apologies for its failures, but Admiral Goodrich believes that 
wherein he has in any measure failed it has been due to too great 
independence of attitude, and he thinks that if he had "bent the 
pliant knee" more frequently his career would have been more suc- 
cessful. His advice is as sound as his own success has been, for he 
counsels, " First of all, absolute rock-ribbed honesty, both of act and 
thought ; second, industry, for the workman who drops his tools after 
and not before the closing bell becomes a foreman and an owner." 



19 



ERNEST DE FREMERY MIEL 

MIEL, EKNEST DE FEEMERY, M.A., S.T.B., rector oi 
Trinity Church, Hartford, and one of the most active and 
prominent clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the Diocese of Connecticut, was bom in San Francisco, March 7th, 
1868. His family tree is a very interesting one, having French, 
Flemish, and Irish branches near its roots. Among his ancestors is 
Jan Miel, the distinguished Flemish artist, who lived from 1599 to 
1664, and whose paintings are in the Louvre. On his mother's side 
Mr. Miel traces his descent from the Northumberland Percys. Hisl 
father, Charles F. B. Miel, was a native of Dijon, France, and camei 
to America and settled in Boston in 1856. Charles F. B. Miel was a 
clerg3Tnan in the Protestant Episcopal Church, a lecturer on Romance 
Languages and Literature at Harvard in 1860 and at the University 
of Pennsylvania from 1878 to 1882. He foimded the French Church 
of St. Saviour in Philadelphia, and was its rector from 1871 to 1902. 
Mr. Miel's mother, Frances G. Neail Miel, was born in Dublin, Ire- 
land, and came to Boston in 1854. Hers has always been a strong 
and vital influence for good upon his mental and spiritual life. 

Out-of-door sports, books of adventure, and music were EmeBt 
Miel's chief interests in boyhood. He was a robust and active lad 
and did everything with a hearty energy, whether it was home duties, 
school work, or football and cricket. His boyhood and most of his 
college days were spent in Philadelphia, the seat of his father^s minis- 
terial duties. He prepared for college at the Episcopal Academy in 
Philadelphia and evinced special interest in history and science. His 
Freshman year in college was spent at Trinity College, Hartford, 
where he became a member of the I. K. A. fraternity. He returned 
to Philadelphia and entered the University of Pennsylvania with the 
class of 1888, then beginning the Sophomore year. During his col- 
lege course he was active in every phase of the college life and was 
particularly interested in athletics and in the publication of the college 
paper. He was at different times member of the class cricket, base- 

384 



ERNEST DE FKEMERY MIEL. 386 

ball, and football teams, and, in 1887, he was captain of the 'Varsity 
football team. He was a member of the Glee Club, of a number of 
college choruses and chairman of many important committees. He 
served on editorial boards of " The Pennsylvanian " during his entire 
course and was its editor-in-chief in 1887. Both during and after 
his college course he was a special reporter on the Philadelphia Public 
Ledger, and this was one of the ways in which he earned his way 
through college. After finishing his academic course and receiving 
his B.A. degree in 1888 he studied at the Berkeley Divinity School in 
Middletown, Connecticut. In 1891 he received the degree of S.T.B. 
at the University of Pennsylvania, taking the Pierre Jay Prize at 
Berkeley that same year. In 1893 he received his M.A. degree at 
i Pennsylvania and had the Master's Oration at Commencement. 
! The first call which Mr. Miel received was as assistant to the 
Eev. Dr. W. S. Eainsford, rector of St. George's Church, New York 
City. He remained with Dr. Rainsford from 1891 to 1893, when he 
received the call to his present parish. Trinity Church, Hartford. 
It was in Jime, 1893, the year of his coming to Hartford, that Mr. 
Miel married Marion Scribner, daughter of the Hon. G. Hilton Scrib- 
iner, former Secretary of the State of New York, and originator of 
the Scribnerian theory of the Place of the Origin of Life. They have 
been blessed with four children. Since making Hartford his home 
and the center of his work, Mr. Miel has identified himself with 
church and philanthropic work, with movements for civic progress, 
land with the intellectual and religious life of his city. He is Chap- 
lain of the 1st Infantry, C. N. G., a trustee of the Church Home, the 
Widow's Home, the Open Hearth Association, and since 1905 has 
served as an Examining Chaplain of the Diocese. He votes with 
the Republican party. He maintains a marked and active interest in 
ithletics and is the true comrade of the young men of his church. Iii! 
his great sociability, his youthful interests, his genuine enthusiasm' 
and earnest Christian force he makes of his position as rector of one of 
the largest churches in the State a stronghold of Christian influence 
:and activity. 



FREDERICK TALLMADGE TOWNE 

TOWNE, FREDERICK TALLMADGE, late general superin 
tendent of the Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company oi 
Stamford, Connecticut, was one of the strongest, most thor-i 
ough, capable and progressive, as well as one of the youngest, cap- 
tains of industry in his State and time, as well as one of the most 
noble gentlemen and consistent Christians. His brief but remarkably 
fruitful, purposeful, and exemplary life was one devoted to good work, 
good deeds and good living, and was, through his wonderful ability, 
purposefulness, and industry, more full of commendable and endur- 
ing achievement in its shori; course of thiri;y-four years than that of 
many who attain to three times that age with much credit. He was 
bom in Stamford, March 5th, 1872, and died there February 4th, 
1906. He was of the tenth generation of descent from William 
Towne of Yarmouth, England, who came to America in 1640 and 
settled in Salem, Massachusetts. Edmund Towne, second son of 
William, participated in King Philip's War. John Towne, bom in 
1787, the late Mr. Towne's great-grandfather, was a man of unusual 
mental development and business ability and a patron of the fine 
arts. He managed the gas works of Boston at one time, and for a 
number of years engaged in steamboat traffic of sugar and cotton. ' 
His son, " Fred " Towne's grandfather, was John Henry Towne, a 
partner in an extensive iron foundry in Philadelphia, builders of 
well-known war vessels, and the founder of the Towne Scientific ! 
School of the University of Pennsylvania. " Fred " Towne's father < 
was Henry Robinson Towne, who began life as a mechanical en- 1 
gineer, and in 1868 formed, with Linus Yale, Jr., the partnership of 
Yale and Towne, lock manufacturers, of which he soon afterwards 
became president. He was president of the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers, and is a prolific writer on subjects connected 
with engineering. His wife, the mother of Fred Towne, is Cora • 
White Towne, a descendant of Hon. David Hall, first governor of 
Delaware, of Col. Benjamin Tallmadge, an aide-de-camp of General 

386 



FEEDERICK TALLMADGE TOWNE. 387 

Washington and of Gen, William Floyd, a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. 

The complex character, the unusual stability, self-control, and 
purposefulness, the charm of personality, and the remarkable capacity 
for leadership in the highest sense of the word showed themselves as 
dominant traits in Frederick Towne from earliest boyhood. Though 

I delicate in general health and the frequent victim of many trying 
iUnesses he was patient, imcomplaining and brave, and cultivated a 
great capacity for hard work in spite of all physical drawbacks. By 
rigidly training himself to fight physical ills, and by steady exercise 

.and intelligent indulgence in horseback riding, golf, tennis, and 
swimming, he became stronger and more equal to the great amount 

;of work he desired to do, though he was never very robust. After 
a brief experience at a child's school he entered, at the age of 
ten years, the day school of Mr. H. U. King in Stamford and re- 
mained under the guidance of that helpful teacher for five years. 
In 1885 he entered St. Mark's School at Southboro, Massachusetts, 
where he spent three ye&Ts. In the fall of 1888 he matriculated at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at Boston for the purpose 

I of specializing in mechanical engineering. He was eager and im- 
patient to begin the actiial work of life and did not stay at " Tech " 
for the last year's work of a course which would otherwise have led 

I to a degree. Though not a brilliant or " hard student," and by no 
means the head of his class, he worked in an earnest, broad-minded 

! way, and cultivated to a rare degree his exceptional powers of concen- 

1 tration and analysis, his facile and thorough solution of problems and 
easy mastery of essentials. He was a prominent member of the Delta 
Psi fraternity and was a leader in all college matters. The secret of 

I his magnetism, the force that held and guided his fellows in college 
work and play, lay then as in his later work in his control of self, his 
mature judgment, his helpfulness, humor, tact, sincerity, honor, 
and kindliness. 

; In the fall of 1892 he entered the works of the Yale & Towne 
Manufacturing Company and began to work his way up from a sub- 

S ordinate position, mastering each department of the works with quick 
insight and thorough, diligent labor, working shoulder to shoulder 
with the men in each stage of the industry, himself the hardest worker 

■ of them all. Three years later, in January, 1896, he was appointed 



388 FREDERICK TALLMADQE TOWNE. 

assistant to the president, and began an equally eflScient mastering 
of the organization and management of the industry whose opera- 
tions he had learned. In December, 1898, he was appointed general 
superintendent of the works, and he held this responsible position 
with remarkable success until his death seven years later. In this 
position he had the sole control of over twenty-five hundred em- 
ployees, many of whom were more than twice his age. He proved 
an ideal captain of this army of workmen, disciplining them with firm- , 
ness and strength, yet helping them with such tact, sympathy, democ- ) 
racy, and brotherliness as can only come from the heart of a Chris- i 
tian. His guiding principle was that of their unity with the com- 
pany and among themselves, and he proved as strong in executive 
as he had been capable in subordinate work. He succeeded in incid- 1 
eating a unique spirit of loyalty and cooperation, and by his free i 
training classes, clubs, and system of awards for useful suggestions i 
from employees he secured from his band of men an efficient and i 
loyal service that rarely prevails in the industrial world. Through 
his originality and work he increased the quality of the products, 
the equipment of the plant, and the skill and ease of the processes 
many fold. In 1900 he was elected a member of the Advisory Council 
of the National Founders' Association, and was president of the 
organization in 1903. Not long before his death he organized the 
Manufacturers' Association of Stamford of which he became presi- 
dent. 

Even so full, fruitful, and thorough a business life is not an ade- 
quate measure of Frederick T. Towne's activities, achievement, and 
usefulness. He was a member of the Stamford Board of Appropria- 
tion, a vestryman and active member of St. John's Episcopal Church, 
a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, of the 
Engineers' Club of New York, and of the St. Anthony Club of Boston. 
He was an ex-president of the Suburban Club of Stamford and a 
governor of the Wee Bum Golf Club. His sincere love of outdoor 
life, his rare capacity for fellowship, and his strong character and 
magnetic personality made him a leader in social as well as in busi- 
ness life. In a quiet, practical way he did much valuable "welfare 
work," always in a spirit of brotherhood and helpfulness, never in 
ostentatious or pauperizing charity. One of his chief interests was 
the Boy's Club of St. John's Church, which he helped to organize 



FEEDEEICK TALLMADGE TOWNE. 389 

and maintain, and which was greatly strengthened by his unselfish 
'service and hearty interest. 

On May 4th, 1898, Mr. Towne married Mary Constance Gibbons, 
who with two sons, Meredith and Frederick Tallmadge, survives him. 
His home was on Glenbrook avenue, Stamford, and was the center 
of a domestic life as imselfish, cheerful, and wholesome as his busi- 
ness life. Christian love and courtesy, broad culture, and sound 
'judgment made him an ideal host, husband, and father. 

It was fitting that a life of such abundant service, strength, and 
force should end in the heart of its labor, even though its brevity 
causes infinite sorrow. On February 3d, 1906, he made a most bril- 
liant, vigorous, and inspiring address before the employees of his 
company upon the occasion of awarding prizes for their plans and 
suggestions in behalf of the company's advancement. At the close 
of the speech he fainted, and the following morning he died from an 
attack of acute nephritis, and his life of love, labor, and usefulness 
was closed. 

Frederick Tallmadge Towne was one of the strongest men, in 
every sense of the word except the physical sense, that Connecticut or 
any state has ever known. He was courageous and capable in work, 
a faithful Christian to his fellowmen and to his God, and his life 
was one of highest purpose and broadest achievement. Men admired 
his ability and industry, followed his leadership and praised his 
culture, but they loved his heart and reverenced his character. 



CHARLES xMORRIS UPSON 

UPSON, CHAELES MOERIS, president of the Upson, Singletojij 
and Company, mercantile firm, and in many ways a prominem 
citizen of Waterbury, was bom there on the fifteenth of June 
1850. Thomas Upson, his first ancestor in America, settled in Harbj 
ford in 1638, and was one of the original proprietors of Farmingtow 
Stephen Upson, son of Thomas Upson, was one of the original 
proprietors of Waterbury and very active in the public affairs of hiil 
time, being surveyor, grand juror and deputy to the General Court 
and his son Stephen Upson 2d, Mr. Upson's great-grandfather 
was a representative in the Colonial Assembly in 1743 and was a\&. 
a Captain. Mr. Upson's ancestors on his mother's side were early 
settlers of Woodbury, Connecticut. Mr. Upson's father was Thomafi 
Clark Upson, a carpenter and builder who was justice of the peace anc 
selectman of Waterbury. Mr. Upson's mother was Harriet Morris. 
a woman of great piety and sweetness of character, who died when 
he was but four years old. Until he was fifteen years old the boy 
Charles Upson spent his days in the country attending the district 
school, working on the farm, and enjoying its healthy exercise. He 
then attended the Rev. A. N. Lewis' Private School in Woodbury, 
Connecticut, and recited to a private tutor. During the vacations 
he helped his father in the building business. 

At the close of his school days Mr. Upson began work in a civil 
engineering corporation engaged in railroad work. Soon, however,' 
he became engaged in the clothing business which has been his chief 
business interest ever since. From 1871 to 1877 he was identified- 
with Giddings and Upson in New Britain and the following year with 
Upson, Singleton and Company of Waterbury, a joint stock company 
being formed with Mr. Upson as secretary and treasurer. He held 
these offices for many years during which time the company grew 
rapidly and established a store in New York as well as Waterbury. 
In 1891 he became president of the corporation. 

In 1889 Mr. Upson was one of a committee of two who organized 
the Waterbury Board of Trade and was its second president in 1891. 

390 



CHAELES MORRIS UPSON. 391 

In politics he has always stood by the Republican party, but he has 
never sought or held office. He attends the Congregational Church 
and is a member of the leading clubs of Waterbury. His greatest 
enjoyment in the line of outdoor sports is found in golf and auto- 
mobiling. Mr. Upson was married on September 15th, 1880, to 
Jennie Alice Baldwin, who is prominent socially and a member of 
the women's clubs of Waterbury. 

Mr. Upson considers the three greatest influences upon his success 
in life to have been exerted by home, school, and the men he has been 
associated with in his business life. As a watchword for others he 
Bays, " Have a purpose and follow it to a finish " 



ISAAC MORRIS ULLMAN 

ULLMAN, ISAAC MOERIS, manufacturer, general manager 
of Strouse, Adler and Compan}^, was born in New Haven, 
Connecticut, August 29th, 1863. He is of German ancestry. 
His father, Morris Ullman, who came from Germany in 1847 to engage 
in business in America, was a man of varied occupations, and his 
death in Mr. Ullman's early boyhood made it necessary for the latter 
to help towards the maintenance of the household. Mr. Ullman's 
mother was Mina Ullman, a woman of fine character and great 
capability. Mr. Ullman went to work regularly at the age of twelve, 
and in doing his share towards supporting the family he learned 
habits of industry and perseverance which have been of lifelong 
helpfulness. His education was acquired at the New Haven schools 
and stopped when he was but twelve years old. From that time Mr. 
Ullman was self-instructed, devoting his leisure time to acquiring 
further knowledge. He was fond of reading and was particularly 
interested in history and the biographies of famous men. 

In 1877, when he was thirteen years old, he entered the employ 
of Mayer, Strouse and Company, corset manufacturers, in the humble 
capacity of office boy, and has been connected with the manufacture 
and sale of corsets ever since his first employment in the Mayer 
Strouse factory, holding almost every position in that factory 
from office boy to superintendent and general manager. In 1899 
the Company was reorganized and became Strouse, Adler and Com- 
pany with Mr. Ullman as a member of the firm and general manager. 

Mr. Ullman's strong personality and capacity for leadership 
has made him active in public affairs and in social and fraternal 
organizations. He was an aide on Governor Loimsbury's staff, and 
has always been an active member of the Eepublican party. He is 
a Mason, a member of Hiram Lodge, Franklin Chapter, of Harmony 
Council, of the Lotus Club of New York, Army and Navy Club of 
New York, Wool Club of New York, the Republican Club of New 
York, the Union League Club of New Haven, the Harmonie Club 

892 



ISAAC MORRIS ULLMAN. 393 

of New Haven, the Hartford Club of Hartford, and the Young Men's 
Eepublican Club, also of New Haven. In religion he is a follower of 
the Jewish belief. His favorite diversions are fishing and camping. 
In 1892 Mr. Ullman married Flora Veronica Adler, by whom he has 
had one child, Marion B. Ullman, who is now living. 

" Sobriety, faithfulness, perseverance, loyalty to one's ideals and 
to friends, truthfulness and frankness" are the virtues which Mr. 
Ullman believes every truly successful man must cultivate and he 
adds this sound advice — " Make your word respected and never 
practice deceit. Study American institutions and take an active 
part in the political life of the community." 



CURTIS HUSSEY VEEDER 

VEEDEE, CUKTIS HUSSEY, president of the Veeder Manu-i 
facturing Company of Hartford, mechanical engineer and the 
inventor of many standard electrical instruments and me<j 
chanical appliances, was bom in Allegheny, Allegheny Comity, Pemwj 
sylvania, January 31st, 1862. He is the son of Herman Veeder, a 
mining engineer and manager, and of Hannah Adair Veeder, a strong-i 
minded and estimable woman who left him many good influences by 
inheritance, though she died when he was but ten years old. MrJ 
Veeder is of Dutch ancestry and is in the eighth generation of descent, 
from Simon Volkertse Veeder, bom in Holland in 1624 and an emi-i 
grant to New Amsterdam in 1652, who settled in Schenectady, New 
York, in 1662. Maritie, wife of Dirk Van Eps, came from Holland 
to Schenectady in 1664, and from her Mr. Veeder is a descendant in 
the ninth generation. Another ancestor, Claas Frederickse Van Pat- 
ten, came from Holland to Schenectady in 1664. James Adair, a 
maternal ancestor, came from Ireland to Big Spring, Ohio, in 1773, 
and Major John Irwin, another Irish ancestor, fought in the Kevolu- 
tion, and was a member of the original Society of Cincinnati. Mr.. 
Veeder's grandfather was an engineer and contractor and built por-f; 
tions of the Erie Canal and of the railroad from Newburyport to 
Boston and from Boston to Providence. 

It was at the early age of six that Curtis Veeder began his me- 
chanical experiences by running a water wheel in a brook near his 
house. That same year the family moved to Plattsburg, New York,, 
and he built a portable play house, dug a miniature mine and contrived 
a water wheel which afforded him much profitable amusement. He 
learned the use of many tools at an early age and spent much time 
watching the machinery at his father's mine. Though not strong he 
was devoted to outdoor life and athletics, but never to the neglect of 
books and study. At ten he learned to use a wood-turning lathe andi 
constructed some small furnaces in hard sand banks in which he burned 
soft coal. He read all available literature on science and mechanics 

894 



CURTIS HUSSEY VEEDEB. 395 

and found the "Scientific American/' "Ewbanks Hydraulics and 
Mechanics/' and " 507 Mechanical Movements/' most helpful and in- 
teresting. 

In 1874 he built a successful and complete jig saw run by foot 
power which was in use for two years. In 1876 his father took him 
to the Centennial Exposition and he was intensely interested in the 
wonders of Machinery Hall. Upon his return to Plattsburg hia 
father purchased him a set of unfinished iron castings for a steam 
engine which he finished and assembled during the three following 
summers. He attended school during the regular terms and pre- 
pared for college at the Plattsburg High School. During the winters 
of 1879 and 1880 he built a bicycle from pictures in the " Scientific 
American/' and spent most of his time out of school riding and re- 
pairing it. In the summer of 1880 he took a ten mile trip over the 
sandy roads near Plattsburg and, as his was the first bicycle seen 
in that locality, the experiment aroused much interest. The saddle 
which he made for his machine was so successful that he had it 
patented in 1881, and this was the first of his long list of patents. 
In 1881 he went to work in the Horse Nail Factory in Plattsburg, 
' but left the following year to enter Lehigh University, where he took 
, the degree of Mechanical Engineer in 1886. In addition to the 
, regular course he took a special course in electricity. Meanwhile in 
the vacations he had made bicycle ball bearings, a two-speed gear for 
tricycles, numerous pieces of electrical apparatus, and some photo- 
graphic shutters. During this period also he sold out both his Eng- 
Hsh and American saddle patents, the latter to the Pope Manufac- 
turing Company for $1,000. 

After graduating second in his class from Lehigh University in 
1886 he became a draughtsman in the Weed Sewing Machine Com- 
pany, but in the employ of the Pope Company. He left in October 
, to become chief draughtsman in the Calumet & Hecla Mining Com- 
pany in Michigan, remaining in that position until 1889. During 
that time he became interested in electrical machinery and designed 
an electric hoist and an electro-magnetic clutch. From July, 1889, 
to August, 1893, he was draughtsman for the Thompson-Houston 
Company at Lynn, Massachusetts, to whom he sold his patent for the 
clutch and hoist. While in Lynn he designed automatic regulating 
apparatus for naval projectors or search-lights which were used on the 



396 CUETIS HUSSEY VEEDER. 

Intramural Kailroad at the World's Fair. He also designed several 
mining locomotives and a large electric locomotive for hauling freight 
cars, which was the first electric locomotive to be put in regular use 
on a steam railroad in the United States. It was about this time, 
too, that he designed the first commercial three phase electric motors 
built by the General Electric Company. 

In September, 1894, Mr. Veeder became a draughtsman in theji 
Hartford Cycle Company with whom he remained for one year. In] 
the meantime he had designed a bicycle cyclometer and, as he couldi 
not find a manufacturer for it, he decided to form his own companyt 
for that purpose. On August 15th, 1895, a small company was 
formed, one of the chief ones interested being Mr. D. J. Post, former 
treasurer of the Hartford Cycle Company. During the season ofi 
1896 the new concern turned out about fifty thousand instruments.! 
The following summer Mr. Veeder made fruitful experiments ini 
making castings in metal moulds, which finally led to the perfection 
of automatic casting machines, which are now used for making parts 
for cyclometers, odometers, counters, voting machines, cash registers, 
and many other devices. Early in June, 1901, he undertook the de- 
signing of a tachometer or speed indicator which he has since per- 
fected for use on automobiles and other electrical machines. In all 
Mr. Veeder has taken out thirty-two United States and forty-three 
foreign patents, the most important being those for casting machines. 
Mr. Veeder is president and Mr. Post is treasurer of the new com- 
pany, now widely known as the Veeder Manufacturing Company. 

Mr, Veeder is a member of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, of Franklin Institute, the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, the American Geological Society, the Na- 
tional Geological Society, the American Forestry Association, the i 
League of American Wheelmen, the American Automobile Associa- 
tion, the American Motor League, the Aero Club of America, the 
Hartford Club, the Musical Club of Hartford, the University Club 
of Hartford, and the Laurentian Fish and Game Club of Quebec. 
In politics he is a Eepublican. Bicycling, automobiling, walking, and 
fishing are his favorite recreations. He is unmarried. 




C ■ 



WILLIAM HENRY WILLIAMS 

THE Hon. William Henry Williams, State's Attorney for New 
Haven County and for many years now recognized as one of 
the ablest lawyers of Connecticut, illustrates in his life that 
while there is no "royal road to learning," there is none so rough 
that perseverance cannot master it. He was born in the little town 
of Bethany, New Haven County, June 7th, 1850, the son of Elisha 
Johnson Williams, a shoemaker, and Laura Baldwin Brooks Wil- 
liams. He was a sturdy, energetic lad, benefiting physically by his 
country life, but not content with the restricted possibilities there 
afforded. He had an ambition to get out into the world of affairs and 
to be a part of it. 

He imbibed what learning he could from the district schools in 
Bethany and Durham, a neighboring town, meantime working on a 
farm. His regular labors as a farm boy began when he was only 
seven years old and, what with early chores and late chores and all 
that goes to make up the cares of farm life, there was scant allowance 
of hours for the pursuit of knowledge. In this particular, however, 
Mr. Williams' experience was not much different from that of other 
Connecticut men, and particularly lawyers, who have risen to promi- 
nence. Not all the preparation for life is to be gained from books. 
One thing deeply impressed upon his young mind was the value of 
making the best of one's opportunities. Finding what he believed to 
be a better opportunity, he gave up regular farm work for plodding 
toil in a woolen mill and then in a grist mill, seeking where he might 
further improve his estate. After his experience in the grist mill, 
not all to his taste by any means, he took up the peddling of tinware 
through the country. That in itself may not have been more agree- 
able, but it was something, and it broadened his horizon. Moreover, 
it gave him early an insight into human nature which, increasing as 
the years have gone by, and especially in his present responsible 
position, has compensated in large measure for what he may have 
lost from hours vrith his books. " Schooling " he had to abandon be- 

397 



400 WILLIAM HENEY WILLIAMS. 

and those who know the record know that that is saying much, though 
none too much. 

He never was especially active in politics. His party was the 
Democratic up to 1896, since which time he has voted as he thought 
best, without partisan bias. With it all, however, his counsel always 
is sought by legislators when subjects of particular weight are before 
them, — like the ballot law, the corrupt practices act, the indetermi- 
nate sentence, employers' liability, reformatory measures, taxation, and 
matters having to do with the general welfare of the State. He is an 
exceptionally busy lawyer and turns off in the course of a year an 
amoimt of work that would prostrate a man of less sturdy physique 
or less equable temperament. 

In religion Mr. Williams is a Congregationalist. He belongs to 
three of the leading fraternities, being a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, of the Odd Fellows, and of the New Haven Commandery, 
No. 2, Knights Templar. 

On May 5th, 1874, he married Miss Iris E. Munson, daughter of 
Judge Munson of Seymour. She died in September, 1876. His 
second wife, whom he married in 1878 and who died March 30th, 
1900, was Miss Nellie Johnson of Oxford. On September 18th, 1901, 
he married Miss Helen E. Bailey of Groton. They live in a charming 
residence, built in 1887-1888, on a commanding site, at No. 115 
Atwater Avenue, Derby, in a locality where meet in daily life a 
proportionally large group of men who have won distinction in their 
noble profession. 




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cLeyy-Siixj^ 



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OLIVER GILDERSLEEVE 

GILDEESLEEVE, OLIVER, was bom March 6th, 1844, in that 
part of the Town of Portland which is now called Gilder- 
sleeve, Middlesex County, Connecticut. In the list of his 
maternal ancestors appear the names of Samuel Hale and Sargeant 
William Cornwall, in the Pequot War in 1636 ; Ensign Jared Spencer 
in King Philip's War, 1675; Ralph Smith and Ezekiel Kellogg in 
the Revolution. In the paternal list is the name of William Dixon, 
a soldier in the Revolution, and a descendant of the old Scotch Cove- 
nanters. Richard Gildersleeve, bom 1601, came from Hempstead, 
Hertfordshire, England, and is first mentioned in Colonial Records 
in 1636, as the owner of 255 acres of land in Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut. In 1641 he was one of the first settlers of Stamford, which town 
he represented as Deputy in General Court at New Haven. In 1644 
he was of the company that settled Hempstead, Long Island, and 
was one of the leading men of that town for nearly fifty years. He 
was a magistrate under the Dutch, and later, English, authorities for 
forty years. He died in 1691. Richard Gildersleeve, 2d, bom 1637, 
was one of the Proprietors of Hempstead, as had been his father be- 
fore him, was Town Clerk 1665 to 1682, and Lieutenant in Joseph 
Smith's Company of Militia in 1690. His two sons were Thomas Gil- 
dersleeve, Town Clerk 1710 to 1740, and Richard Gildersleeve, 3d, 
who moved to Huntington, Long Island. From Thomas is descended 
Henry A. Gildersleeve, now Justice of the Supreme Court of the State 
of New York, who was born in 1840, fought in the Civil War 
as captain, major, and lieutenant-colonel, attended Columbia Law 
School, and was admitted to the bar in 1866. He was president of the 
National Rifle Association, and captain of the company of American 
riflemen sent to Great Britain in 1875, where they defeated all comers. 
He was a Judge of the New York Court of General Sessions from 
1876 to 1890; a Judge of the New York Superior Court from 1891 

403 



404 OLIVER GILDERSLEEVE. 

to 1896; and is a Justice of the New York Supreme Court since 
January 1st, 1896. 

Kichard Gildersleeve, 3d, had two grandsons, Benjamin and 
Obediah. From Benjamin descended Lieutenant Finch Gildersleeve 
(who served in the Kevolution), also the present Professor Basil lian- 
neau Gildersleeve, M.A., Ph.D., LL.D., D.Litt, bom October 23d, 
1831, graduated from Princeton in 1849, studied in German univer- 
sities, and is now Professor of Greek at the Johns-Hopkins Univer- 
sity, Baltimore, Maryland ; editor and founder of the " American 
Journal of Philology : " author of the Gildersleeve Latin Grammar, 
and many other books. 

Obediah Gildersleeve was born in Huntington, Long Island, 1738, 
moved in 1776 to the place now called " Gildersleeve " on the Con- 
necticut Kiver, where he established the present ship-building business, 
and where, in 1890, his son Philip built the United States warship 
" Connecticut." In 1818 Philip's son, Henry, moved to Kings- 
ton, Canada, where he married in 1824. He was very successful 
in steamboat building and management, and the Gildersleeve 
name has ever since been prominent in that locality. He had 
three sons (3), viz: Overson S., bom 1825, died 1864; Charles 
P., bom 1833, died 1906; and James P., born 1840. Overton 
and Charles each served several terms as mayor of Kingston. Overton 
took up the steamboat business left by his father, operating on Lake 
Ontario, River St. Lawrence, and Bay of Quinte, and continued it 
most successfully until his own death. He was also for years vice- 
president of the Canadian Navigation Company, the predecessor of 
the present Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company. 

Charles F. Gildersleeve was the promoter and first president of 
the Kingston and Pembroke Railroad; president and principal owner 
of the Lake Ontario and Bay of Quinte Steamboat Company, Limited, 
He was general manager of the Richelieu and Ontario Navigation 
Company from March, 1894, to March, 1904. For eight years before 
he assumed the management the company had paid no dividends and 
the equipment had been deteriorating. It paid six per cent, annually 
and much improved its equipment under Mr. Gildersleeve's manage- 
ment, and when, from pressure of his own personal interests, he 
resigned, no doubt it was the finest steamboat line in Canada. Today 



OLIVER GILDEESLEEVE. 406 

it is again on the non-dividend list. His son " Harry " is manager 
of the Northwestern Navigation Company, operating on Lake Huron, 
Georgian Bay, and Lake Superior. 

James P. Gildersleeve, the youngest son of Henry Gildersleeve, 
was born in Kingston, Canada, in the year 1840. He graduated as 
LL.B., at Queen's University, and was called to the Bar in 1863; 
practised law for several years; was Alderman of his native city for 
several successive terms ; Chairman of Parks, etc. ; has served as 
director and president of various local industries, and in 1884 was ap- 
pointed Eegistrar of Deeds for the city of Kingston, which office he 
still holds. He has two sons, Arthur M., born in 1869, general super- 
intendent of the Colorado National Life Insurance Company, and 
Ernest C, born 1871, manager of the Kingston Milling Company. 

The present firm of " S. Gildersleeve and Sons " was founded 
by Philip's son, Sylvester Gildersleeve, bom in 1795, who was influen- 
■ tial in establishing the first " Regular Packet Line " of fifteen sailing 
ships (all built by S. Gildersleeve and Sons), between New York and 
Galveston, Texas. One of these ships, named " S. Gildersleeve," was 
burned by the Alabama and liberally paid for by England. 
Sylvester was succeeded in the management of the ship-yard by 
'his son, Henry, who in turn was succeeded by his son, Oliver, the 
subject of this biography, who has since been succeeded by his ron, 
Alfred, the present manager. No doubt, as soon as Alfred's baby boy, 
Alfred, Jr., can walk he will begin "kicking chips" preparatory to 
his succession as the seventh generation of ship-builders at Gilder- 
sleeve. 

Oliver Gildersleeve received his education at the district school 
in Gildersleeve, the Chase Private School in Middletown, and the 
Tublic High School in Hartford. He was eager for high standing 
at school, and this purpose was a forerunner of his determination 
to succeed in later life. In his early boyhood he evinced a deep 
interest in reading, travel, and the church, and these interests have 
been broadly developed, as his present habits and pursuits show. The 
books which Mr. Gildersleeve found most helpful and influential 
were books on marine architecture, commerce, and the biographies of 
successful men. At the age of seventeen Mr. Gildersleeve began the 
active work of his life as an apprentice in his father's shipyard, and 



406 OLIVER GILDEESLEEVB. 

for ten years he interspersed his labor with annual trips in the United 
States, Canada, and Europe. 

The combination of practical labor and extensive voyages made 
him a competent ship-builder. His travels tended to broaden his 
ideas and equip him with knowledge and experience for his career as 
a business man. 

In 1861 S. Gildersleeve and Sons built the United States gunboat i 
Cayuga, which led the fleet up the Mississippi Eiver at the capture of 
New Orleans in the Civil War. The Cayuga was the " No. 83 " of the 
vessels built at the Gildersleeve ship-yard; today, "No. 231'* is in i 
process of construction, making 134 vessels built since Oliver " started ? 
in.'* 

From 1881 to 1884 Mr. Gildersleeve was interested with his ; 
brother, Sylvester, in the shipping commission business at 84 South r 
Street, New York City. In 1897, in order to facilitate his ship-build- • 
ing interests, Mr. Gildersleeve established at No. 1 Broadway, New ( 
York City, an agency for selling and chartering vessels constructed I 
at the Gildersleeve ship-yard. Up to the present time there have been 
sixty-three vessels, of from 400 to 1250 tons burden, sent from the 
Gildersleeve ship-yard, and either sold or profitably employed through 
the agency, which is managed by his son Louis, who has developed 
much of the business tact and energy characteristic of his father. 

Mr. Gildersleeve was mainly instrumental in securing the fran- 
chise of The Portland Water Company, and The Portland Street 
Railway Company, and the construction of their plants. In 1903 he 
assisted his brother-in-law, Charles L. Jarvis, in establishing at Gilder- 
sleeve the Ideal Manufacturing Company which, under the manage- 
ment of Mr. Jarvis, employed forty-five hands in 1905, in the manu- 
facture of machine tools and wire goods. In 1905 the Portland plant 
of The National Stamping and Enamelling Company of New York 
had been idle for a number of years and was rapidly deteriorating. 
This plant comprises eighteen acres, and its buildings cover over 
135,000 square feet of land, and formerly employed over 600 hands. 
Mr. Gildersleeve, in connection with New York parties, bought the 
entire property, organized The Maine Product Company, and installed 
their machinery in a portion of the Portland plant, leasing the balance 
and greater part to The New England Enamelling Company of Mid- 



OLIVER GIIiDERSLEEVE. 407 

dletown, Connecticut, who are rapidly rehabilitating the plant and 

promise soon to have 500 hands at work, and later to do more than was 

ever done there before. Thus Mr, Gildersleeve's energy and enter- 

, prise bid fair to be the means of regaining for the town of Portland 

a large industry, the loss of which the town has been for a long time 

lamenting. The Maine Product Company have a mica mine at Frye, 

1 Maine, which has been operated during the past season by Oliver's 

son, Walter Gildersleeve, who is now engaged in shipping the product 

i to the Portland factory. The Maine Product Company will be the 

largest consumer of scrap mica in the United States, having taken 

over the mica business of the National Gum and Mica Company of 

New York City, which company now acts as selling agents and 

promises to give the Portland factory a large business in the grinding 

of mica and the manufacture of mica products. 

Among the many business positions that Mr. Gildersleeve has 
held have been the presidencies of the following : The Portland Water 
Company of Portland, Connecticut, from 1889 to date; The Portland 
Street Kailway Company of Portland, Connecticut, from 1893 to 1896; 
The Portland Electric Light Company of Portland, Connecticut, from 
1890 to 1892 ; The Middletown Street Eailway Company of Middle- 
town, Connecticut, from 1902 to 1905; The Gildersleeve and Crom- 
well Ferry Company of Cromwell, Connecticut, from 1887 to 1891; 
The Middlesex Quarry Company of Portland, Connecticut, from 1904 
to date; The Phoenix Lead Mining Company of Silver Cliff, Colo- 
rado, from 1900 to date; The Brown Wire Gun Company of New 
York City, from 1903 to 1905; vice-president and treasurer Maine 
Product Company, from 1905 to date. 

He is also director of the First National Bank, Portland, Con- 
necticut, from 1895 to date; The Alabama Barge and Coal Company, 
Tidewater, Alabama, from 1902 to date; The TJ. S. Graphotype Com- 
pany of New York, 1902 to date; The Bradford Telephone Manufac- 
turing Company, Bradford, Vermont, from 1900 to 1904; the Texas 
and Pacific Coal Company of Thurber, Texas, from 1897 to 1899; 
The Ideal Manufacturing Company of Gildersleeve, Connecticut, 
from 1903 to date; and trustee of the Freestone Savings Bank of 
Portland, Connecticut, from 1887 to date; of property under the 
will of Henry Gildersleeve, deceased, 1894 to date; and of S. Gilder- 
sleeve School Fund of Gildersleeve, Connecticut, 1887 to date. 



408 OLIVER GILDEESLEEVE. 

In creed Mr. Gildersleeve is an Episcopalian, and his ecclesias- 
tical offices have been numerous and responsible. He has been warden 
of Trinity Church, Portland, Connecticut, since 1884; delegate to 
Annual Diocesan Episcopal Convention from 1884 to date; member 
Diocesan Committee to Co-operate with General Board of Missions; 
member Diocesan Committee on Finance; member from 1905 to date 
of Diocesan Committee to raise " The Missionary Thank Offering, 
to be presented at the General Convention in Richmond by the men of 
the church in gratitude for 300 years of English Christianity — 
Jamestown, 1607, — Richmond, 1907"; superintendent of Sunday 
school, Trinity Church, Portland, from 1873 to date; chairman of 
Building Committee John Henry Hall Memorial Parish House, Port- 
land, 1903 to 1905. In 1900 Mr. Gildersleeve established a Memorial 
Fund in connection with Trinity Church, Portland. He has been a 
member of the Church Club of Connecticut from 1897 to date. 

In politics Mr. Gildersleeve has always been a Democrat, but 
never taking a very active part, except in 1900, when he was the nom- 
inee of his party for representative in Congress and received more 
than the full party vote. 

He is a member of the Fish and Game Club of Portland, Con- 
necticut; member of the Middlesex County Historical Society of 
Middletown, Connecticut; member of the Civi Federation of New 
England; member of the National Geographic Society of Wash- 
ington, D. C. ; member of the Association of the Descendants of 
Andrew Ward, of which Association General Joseph Wheeler was the 
president at the time of his death. On the list of descendants are 
the names of Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, Aaron Burr, Admirals Foote 
and Paulding, U. S. A., and many other distinguished men. 

Mr. Gildersleeve was married November 8, 1871, to Mary Ellen, 
daughter of Hon. Alfred Hall, a representative of an old family in 
Portland. They had eight children : Alfred, bom August 23, 1873 ; 
Walter, born August 23, 1874; Louis, born September 22, 1877; 
Emily Hall, born June 9, 1879 (died August 12, 1880) ; Elizabeth 
Jarvis, born June 6, 1883 (died January 18, 1883) ; Charles, bom 
December 11, 1884; Nelson, born September 14, 1887; and Oliver, 
Jr., born March 9, 1890. 

Mr. Gildersleeve's success in life is due not only to his splendid 
business qualifications, to his ability and energy, but to steadfastness 



OLIVER GILDERSLEEVE. 409 

of purpose that defies discouragement. In his own words: "Every 
one must expect some failures and should not be discouraged by them. 
Many a shot goes wide of the mark, but that is no reason for the good 
soldier to stop firing." His advice to young men of America is sing- 
ularly pertinent, coming from a man who is not only a " soldier," who 
has fired many telling shots, to use his own figure of speech, but who 
is the father of six sons. Mr. Gildersleeve says : " Study the future ; 
success largely depends on ability to correctly forecast the future. 
Deal honestly, live sensibly, work intelligently, and trust the rest to 
Providence." 



GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON 
RUSSELL, M.A. 

RUSSELL, GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON", M.A., 
(Valedictorian Yale, 1833) educator, was descended from two 
founders of Yale College, and from a remarkable Puritan and 
earlier English ancestry. He was a descendant of Rev. Thomas Hooker 
(1586-1647), the most distinguished of the Puritan pastors, a grad- 
uate of Cambridge, England, in 1611, who in England " won renown 
as an eloquent preacher," the founder and first pastor of Hartford, and 
the founder of Connecticut. Historians concede to Thomas Hooker 
the honor of being the father of the first Constitutional government 
the world has ever known, and of American Democracy which, accord- 
ing to Professor Johnston of Princeton College, had its origin " under 
the mighty preaching of Thomas Hooker." Langdon's Constitutional 
History of the United States records concerning Thomas Hooker : " He 
grasped the true idea of popular government, and through the first 
constitution of Connecticut gave it to the world." " Hooker's clear 
conception of the idea that all governmental power is derived under 
God from the people was remarkable for that age." Fiske in his 
Beginnings of New England, shows how the present form of govern- 
ment of the United States is a lineal descendant of that " of which 
Thomas Hooker deserves more than any other man to be called the 
father," Bancroft, in his History of the United States, writes: 
" Hooker had no rival in public estimation but Cotton whom he 
surpassed in force of character, in liberality of spirit, in soundness of 
judgment, and in clemency," and " They who judge men by their 
services to the human race will never cease to honor the memory of 
Hooker." Governor Winthrop of Massachusetts wrote of Thomas 
Hooker in his History of New England, Vol. II, 310, " who for pioty, 
prudence, wisdom, zeal, learning, and what else might make him 
serviceable in the place and time he lived in might be compared with 
men of greatest note ; and he shall need no other praise ; the fruits of 
his labours in both Englands shall preserve an honorable and happy 
remembrance of him forever." Palfrey^s History of New England 

410 




^^^^^^^"^2^-^^^:^ 



GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 413 

' states of Thomas Hooker: "His death was keenly felt throughout 
New England as a general calamity." A Massachusetts Chronicler 
wrote, "the whole land sustained a great loss by the death of that 
most eminent servant of Jesus Christ." Holmes in his History of 
Cambridge writes of Thomas Hooker as " the first minister of Cam- 
bridge, and the father of the Colony, as well as of the churches of 
Connecticut." The celebrated Dr. Ames, author of Medulla Theolo- 
giae, declared that " though he had been acquainted with many scholars 
of divers nations yet he never met with Mr. Hooker's equal either for 
preaching or for disputing." Hollister's History of Connecticut states 
"no minister in New England possessed such unbounded sway ever 
popular assemblies as did this truly wonderful man." Eev. Cotton 
Mather in his life of Thomas Hooker (printed in 1695), styles him the 
" incomparable Hooker," and writes, " I shall now invite my reader to 
behold at once the Wonders of New England and it is in one Thomas 
Hooker that he shall behold them; even in that Hooker whom a 
worthy writer would needs call ' Saint Hooker '." Cotton Mather 
devotes twenty pages of his Magnalia (81-83, 332-352) to a tribute 
to Thomas Hooker, whom he styles, " The Light of the Western 
Churches." Timothy Dwight (the elder), president of Yale College, 
wrote of Thomas Hooker (Dwight's Travels, Vol. I, 239) : " If I may 
be allowed to give an opinion; he was the wisest of all those distin- 
guished colonists who had a peculiar influence on the early concerns of 
this country." Eev. Mr. Whitfield wrote, " he had not thought there 
had been such a man on earth ; a man in whom there shone so many 
excellencies as were in this incomparable Hooker." (McMillan's 
Dictionary of National Biography; Bancroft's History of the United 
States, Vol. I, 245, 246, 265, 268-271, 363, 364; Prof. Woodrow Wil- 
son's History of the American People, Vol. I, 141, 142, 145, 148, 149, 
155, 156, 170, 204; Vol. Ill, 85; Elson's History of the United 
States, 112, 113; Landon's Constitutional History and Government 
of the United States, 24-26; Eggleston's The Beginnings of a Na- 
tion, 269, 292, 316-327, 332-334; Short History of the English Col- 
onies in America by Henry Cabot Lodge, 346, 247, 373, 424; Prof. 
Alexander Johnston's Study of a Commonwealth Democracy, 19, 
70-74, 221, 222, 320-322, 365; The Beginnings of New England, by 
Piske, 124-128; Palfrey's History of New England, Vol. I, 367, 
444-448, 453, 581, 582; Vol. II, 45, 91, 173, 185, 239, 263, 264; 



414 GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON EUSSELL^ M.A. 

Hollister's History of Connecticut, Vol. I, 22-25, 29-31, 109, 204 
212, 447, 456-458, 510, 511; Winthrop's History of New England^ 
Vol. I, 88, 108, 109, 115, 118, 140, 160, 187, 238, 304; Vol. II, 213' 
310, 349; The Pilgrim Fathers, by Brown, 319-321; History of 
New England, by Neal, Vol. I, 289, 290 ; Sanf ord's History of Con- 
necticut, 19-20, 33-34, 57-58; Dwight's Travels, Vol. I, 237-239. 
For a brief, interesting account of characteristics of Puritans from 
English standpoint see portion of Macaulay's Essay on Milton) ; of 
Eev. Samuel Hooker, who graduated at Harvard in 1653, and was 
afterwards trustee of Harvard College, of whom Eev, Cotton Mather 
wrote in his Magnalia, " thus we have to this day among us, our dead 
Hooker yet living in his worthy son, Mr. Samuel Hooker, an able, 
faithful, useful, minister," of Lion Gardner (1599-1663), an English 
officer who was " master of works of fortification in the legers of the 
Prince of Orange in the Low Countries ; " " while there certain emi- 
nent Puritans acting for a company of Lords and Gentlemen in Eng- 
land approached him with an offer to go to New England and construct 
works of fortification and command them. The offer was accepted." 
He arrived in New England in 1635 and constructed a fort at Say- 
brook, Connecticut, which he commanded during the early Indian 
wars. Prof. Woodrow Wilson's History describes him a " stout sol- 
dier bred to war." The large bay and island south of the east end 
of Long Island Sound, between it and Montauk Point, still bear his 
name. (Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, Vol. II, 
595-596; Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History; Winsor's 
History of America, Vol. Ill, 331, 349; Palfrey's History of New 
England, Vol. I, 451, 461, 469; Woodrow Wilson's History of the 
American People, Vol. I, 147, 148; Doyle's English Colonies in 
America, Vol. I, 149, 157, 168, 225; Hollister's History of Connecti- 
cut, Vol. I, 47-49, 51-53, 55; Fiske's The Beginnings of New Eng- 
land, 129; Sanf ord's History of Connecticut, 17, 18, 20, 22, 23, 28; 
Lamb's History of New York, Vol. I, 570) ; of John Brown, magis- 
trate of Plymouth, elected annually one of the assistant Governore 
of Plymouth for eighteen years from 1636, and one of the Colonial 
Commissioners for twelve years from 1645. He was styled "the 
grand old man " and " the great pioneer " in The Pilgrim Eepublic 
(by Goodwin), 420, 515, 517-520, 526, 608; of Capt. Thomas Willet 
(1605-1674), who came from England in 1629, and was for fourteen 



GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 415 

years (1651-1665) annually elected one of the assistant Governors 
of Plymouth Colony, commander of the military forces, and magis- 
trate in Plymouth Colony, and founder of the town of Swansey. 
Immediately after the English conquest converted New Amsterdam 
into New York, Thomas Willet, who on account of his high char- 
acter " was more acceptable to both Dutch and English than any other 
person," was appointed in 1665 first head of the government of New 
York as its first mayor. When his term expired he was re-elected. 
Later, he was a member of the Council of Lovelace, Governor of the 
Province which included New York; (see Life of Thomas Willet; 
Magazine of American History, Vol. XVII, 233-242; McMillan's 
Dictionary of National Biography; Appleton's Cyclopedia of Amer- 
ican Biography; Hollister's History of Connecticut, Vol. I, Chap. 
VIII; Lamb's History of New York, Vol. I, 149, 151, 209, 210, 221, 
330, 238, 243; Wilson's History of New York, Vol. I, 222, 310, 318, 
319, 337, 338; Lossing's The Empire State, 58, 85, 86); of Rev. 
Andrew Willet, D.D. (1562-1621), a graduate of Cambridge (Eng.), 
in 1580; Proctor of Cambridge College, 1585; chaplain and tutor to 
Prince Henry; Preacher to King James; appointed Prebend of 
Ely on Presentation of the Queen. He was famous as a powerful 
preacher and as the most learned and prolific author of his time. He 
was the author of more than forty treatises on Scriptural interpreta- 
tion and church history, one large work passing through eight edi- 
tions. His contemporaries spoke of him as a "walking library," as 
"one that must write while he sleeps it being impossible he should 
do so much waking." Bishop Hall of Exeter styled Willet as " Stu- 
por Mundi Clei-us Brittanicus ;" of Eev. Thomas Willet (1511-1598), 
Rector of Barley, Prebend of Ely and subalmoner to King Edward 
VI. General Russell was also descended from the " ancient and illus- 
trious" family of Gray (or Grey) in England, of which family was 
" Gray, Earl of Kent," " from which are descended and branched 
the Barons of Rotherfield, Codmore, Wilton, Ruthem, Groby, and 
Rugemont, the Viscount of Lisle, the Earl of Stamford, the Mar- 
quise of Dorset, and the Duke of Suffolk — all of that surname de- 
rived from the honour and Castle of Gray (or Croy as some write) 
in Picardy, their patrimony before the Conquest." (Nesbit's Her- 
aldry.) "The Grays were closely allied with the Royal House of 
England and were near the throne." "King Edward IV married 



416 GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 

Elizabeth Gray the widow of Sir John Gray." " Sir Edward d 
Gray married dau. and heiress of Henry, heir apparent of WilUam. 
" The union of the Grays with the royal line of Tudor was by the inai 
riage of the Duke of Suffolk with Mary, daughter of Henry VII, sisto 
of Henry VIII, and widow of King Louis XII of France who ha^ 
died Jan. 1, 1515." 

William Eussell, the American ancestor, came from England ii 
1638. He left only one son, an infant only one year old, and (hi 
wife having previously died) directed in his wiU that his " son b 
devoted to God in the way of learning, being likely to prove a usefu 
instrument in the good work of the ministry," and designated the per» 
son to be his guardian. This son, Eev. Noadiah Eussell, graduated ai 
Harvard in 1681, was tutor in Harvard College (Short History of Eng-; 
lish Colonies in America, by Henry Cabot Lodge, p. 436), and was on( 
of the ten foimders of Yale College, and one of the original trustee! 
of Yale College during twelve years (1701-1713). (TrumbuU'i 
History of Connecticut, [reprint 1898] Vol. I, 402, 410, 419; Hoi- 
lister's History of Connecticut, Vol. II, 577, 578.) He was pastor oi 
the First Congregational Church in Middletown (Conn.), twenty- 
five years, until his death, and it was written of him that he "waf 
accounted a man of weight and wisdom throughout the Colony.'' 
John L. Sibley, Librarian Emeritus of Harvard University, piib- 
lished a sketch of Eev. Xoadiah Eussell, from which the following 
are quotations : " How well he performed his work, how effectually 
he moulded the character, and formed the habits of the people, and 
how much he had of their grateful affection, may be inferred from the 
fact that when he died, in the fifty-fifth year of his age, and twenty- 
ninth of his pastorate, his son became in a few months his successor,' 
and labored there for almost fifty years, — the entire period from) 
the ordination of the father to the funeral of the son being more than 
three-quarters of a century." " Eussell was one of the founders and 
trustees of Yale College and one of the framers of the Saybrook 
Platform and of course held high rank among his brethren." Other 
published memorials prove how much Eev. Noadiah Eussell was hon- 
ored. Noadiah married Mary, daughter of Hon. Giles Hamlin, i 
who came from England and was one of the first settlers and priD-i| 
cipal proprietors of Middletown, and styled " one of the pillars of 
the Colony." The prominent and honorable record of Giles Hamlin . 



GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 417 

and family for more than one hundred years may be found in Holh's- 
ter's History of Connecticut, Vol. I, 510; and in the historical ad- 
dress of Eev. David Field, D.D., at the second centennial of Middle- 
town, Nov. 13, 1850. Eev. William Eussell, M.A., son of Noadiah, 
also a clergyman, was graduated from Yale in 1709, was sometime a 
tutor at Yale, and trustee of Yale College sixteen years, from 1745 
to 1761. Eev. Mr. Whitfield wrote concerning him : " I think him 
' an Israelite indeed and one who has been long mourning over the 
deadness of professors. Oh, that all ministers were like minded." 
Trumbull, the historian, describes his as "A gentleman of great 
respectability for knowledge, experience, moderation, and for pacific 
measures on all occasions." (Trumbull's History of Connecticut 

■ [reprint 1898], Vol. II, 86, 87, 98, 100, 101, 264, 422, 425, 449.) 
He was offered the position of rector or president of Yale College, 
" and was the first of the alumni to receive that honor from his alma 

' mater," but could not accept because "negotiations with the people 
of Middletown for the removal of their pastor were ineffectual." 
(Kingsley's History of Yale College.) For a period of forty-six years, 

■ until his death in 1761, he was pastor of the First Congregational 
Church in Middletown, to which he was called immediately upon the 
death of his father. Eev. William Eussell married Mary, oldest 

' daughter of Eev. James Pierpont (Harvard, 1681), also one of the 
ten founders of Yale College, and one of the original trustees of Yale 
College thirteen years (1701 to 1714), and during a period of thirty 

' years until his death (1685-1714), pastor of the First Congregational 
Church in New Haven. Another daughter, Sarah Pierpont, married 
Eev. Jonathan Edwards, D.D. (Yale, 1720), the distinguished theo- 

• logian and president of Princeton College, and ancestor of three 
presidents of Yale (Timothy Dwight, president 1795-1817; Theo- 

^ dore D. Woolsey, president 1846-1871; Timothy Dwight, president 
1886-1899), and whose granddaughter married Eli Whitney, inventor 
of the cotton-gin. These Pierponts were descended from Sir Hugh 
de Pierrepont, of Picardy, in France, A. D. 980, whose grandson. Sir 
Eobert de Pierrepont, went from France to England as commander 
in the army of William the Conqueror in 1066, and was ennobled 

' for distinguished conduct at the battle of Hastings (1066), and from 

' him descended the dukes and earls of Kingston. (Genealogical Ab- 

■ stract of the Family of Pierrepont, Yale College Library; also Hoi- 



418 GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON EUSSELL, M.A. 

lister's History of Connecticut, Vol. I, 458-459, 510.) Eev. Noadiah 
Kussell, M. A. (Yale, 1750), son of William and Mary (Pierpont) 
Eussell, was pastor of one Congregational church thirty-seven years. 
He married Esther Talcott, daughter of Joseph Talcott, treasurer 
of the Colony of Connecticut thirteen years (1756-1769), and grand- ( 
daughter of Joseph Talcott, Speaker of the House, Judge of the ! 
Supreme Court, and Governor of Connecticut seventeen years (1724- ■ 
1741), until his death while in office. He was the first governor of i 
Connecticut horn within its limits. Henry Cabot Lodge, in his li 
Short History of English Colonies in America, page 382, makes I 
special mention of Governor Talcott's "long term,'' and concludes i 
with the statement that he carried on a steady, frugal government 
which was probably " one of the best the world has ever seen." 
The Connecticut Historical Society devoted two entire volumes i 
(over nine hundred pages) to Governor Talcott and his official 
papers. Esther was also great-granddaughter of Major (Lieut.-Col.) 
John Talcott, a magistrate in the Colony, and treasurer of the Colony 
twenty-six years, from 1652 to 1678. He commanded the "stand- 
ing army" of Connecticut and their Indian allies in King Phihp's 
War, and was one of the patentees named in the Charter which 
King Charles II. granted to Connecticut, and was one of the three 
to whom it was intrusted for safe keeping. Palfrey, in his History 
of New England, styles him the " indefatigable Major Talcott," and 
states that he " was appointed Commander-in-Chief.'' It was written 
of him that "he was always victorious and obtained great renown 
as an Indian fighter." (Palfrey's History of New England, Vol. 
Ill, 197, 198, 203; Hollister's History of Connecticut, Vol. I, 
209-211, 284-287, 476-483; Trumbull's History of Connecticut 
[reprint, 1898], Vol. I, 46, 55, 179, 184, 194, 205-207, 211, 213, 
214, 226, 230, 292, 293.) His father, John Talcott, came from Eng- 
land with Eev. Thomas Hooker, in 1632, and was one of the chief 
magistrates of the Colony until his death, one of the wealthiest of 
the original settlers and proprietors of Hartford, and his name is in- 
scribed upon the monument erected to perpetuate the memory of the 
founders of the Colony of Connecticut. (Talcott Pedigree, 22-34, 
32-35, 39-51, 66-80; Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, , 
Vol. VI, 23.) Matthew Talcott Eussell, son of Noadiah and Esther, 
graduated form Yale in 1779, and was tutor in Yale College four 



GENEEAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 419 

years. He entered the legal profession, was State's Attorney, and dur- 
ing thirty years was Deacon in the First Congregational Church 
in Middletown, He married Mary, oldest daughter of EeV. Enoch 
Huntington (Yale, 1759), and a niece of Samuel Huntington, M.A., 
iLL.D. (Yale), signer of the Declaration of Independence, unan- 
imously elected president of the Continental Congress, 1779, 1780, 
tod 1781 (until impaired health compelled him to resign), Chief 
Justice of the Superior Court, and during ten years until his death 
in office (1786-1796), annually elected Governor of Connecticut. 
Mary's father and two brothers all won the Berkeley prize for schol- 
arship at Yale. Rev. Enoch Huntington was a fellow (Trustee) 
Df the corporation of Yale College twenty-eight years (1780-1808), 
md Secretary of the Yale corporation from 1788 to 1793. He was 
pastor of the First Congregational Church in Middletown forty- 
seven years commencing 1762. Three of his brothers were prom- 
inent (Congregational) clergymen. He was described as a man of 
remarkable scholarship, and it was recorded that " on the death of 
President Stiles, of Yale College, in 1795, Mr. Huntington was 
prominent as a candidate to succeed him, but his failing voice obliged 
aim to decline the honor." (See interesting account of the Clergy 
in Connecticut previous to 1818 in Short History of English Colonies 
m America, by Henry Cabot Lodge, 423-425, 429-434; Hollister's 
History of Connecticut, Vol. I, 427, 428, 447, 448; Sanford's His- 
tory of Connecticut, 124.) Simon Huntington (ancestor) came 
from England, and was one of the original proprietors, first settlers, 
md deacons of Norwich, Conn. (See Old Houses of the Ancient 
Town of Norwich, Yale College Library.) The only son of Matthew 
Palcott Eussell who married was Gen. William Huntington Eussell, 
M.A. (Yale, 1833), who was valedictorian of the class of 1833, 
sometime tutor, and founder of the famous Skull and Bones Society 
'it Yale, and that society perpetuated his name by being incorporated 
'IS the "Russell Trust Association." He married Mary Elizabeth 
Hubbard, daughter of Thomas Hubbard, professor at Yale from 
1829 until his death, in 1838, whose only other daughter, Frances 
Harriet Hubbard married Eev. Simeon North, D.D., LL.D., val- 
edictorian of the class of 1825 (Yale), professor of Greek and Latin 
(1829-1839), and president of Hamilton College eighteen years 
(1830-1857). 
21 



420 GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 

Gen. Eussell was born August 12th, 1809, in Middletow] 
Conn., where three of his ancestors had been pastors of tl 
First Congregational Church a continuous period of one hundre. 
and eighteen years, and his father deacon for thirty years. BefoT; 
entering Yale he was for several years a cadet in the famous militai 
academy founded and conducted by Capt. Alden Partridge (U. S. A.' 
a graduate of West Point, and for twelve years previously professo 
and military superintendent at the National Academy at West Poini 
This academy was similar to West Point, having as an object th, 
preparation of young men " to command in time of need the hastiliij 
raised troops of a great and growing nation," and General Sherman 
stated that it at one time almost rivalled the National Academy a, 
West Point. It was these years of strict military discipline tha;l 
gave General Eussell such a knowledge of military affairs and influl 
enced his life work. The death of his father, aged sixty-eight, fron 
acute erysipelas, and changes ia the fortunes of the family threw thd 
the care of his mother (who had vigorous health to the age of eighty- 
seven), upon him, and he subsequently entered Yale under circum- 
stances of severe financial adversity. He was self-supporting in col- 
lege, and in all his frequent journeys between New Haven and hit 
home in Middletown (twenty-six miles) was obliged to go on foot, 
owing to financial necessity. Such was his ability and industry, 
that, in spite of these impediments, he graduated as valedictorian in 
1833, at the head of a class which in Sophomore year numbered 
one hundred and twenty-two students, among whom were manyi 
who attained much distinction in their life work. He had hoped to 
enter the ministry. Urgent financial necessity, and the need of 
assuming responsibilities left by the death of his father, forced 
him to give up his earnest desire to study theology, and he then begani 
teaching, to obtain immediate income. In September, 1836, he 
opened in a small dwelling house a new private school for boys, 
preparatory for college. With only a few pupils at first, and no 
assistance from anyone, and owing only to his personality and schol- 
arship, his school rapidly became large and famous, and when it 
closed at his death. May 19th, 1885, there were said to have been four 
thousand young men from all parts of this and some foreign coun- 
tries under his care as pupils. During about half a century there 
were at Yale young men who had prepared for college under his care. 



GENEEAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 421 

'Never seeking to lay up riches, giving away freely of what he had, 
he was ever ready to assist many young men who without means 
sought an education. It was written of Gen. Eussell that "he was 
a striking example of the New England life and character;" that 
" his personality was a remarkable one, and fitted him to train youth 
for an upright, independent, and conscientious manhood;" that 
"he ranked with Dr. Thomas Arnold, master of Rugby School;" 
'that "by his transparent integrity and native vigor of intellect he 
impressed himself on all his pupils and on every order of mind 
with which he came in contact." Gen. Eussell's greatest service 
was the impression which he made by his character and scholar- 
ship and influence upon the thousands of young men who, dur- 
ing nearly half a century, came from all parts of the country to 
be his pupils. It was written that " Hon. William H. Russell 
was a Whig representative in 1846-1847. Upon the repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise in 1854 he became active as one of the 
'leaders of the movement which resulted in the organization of the 
'Republican party." He was a strong Abolitionist and a personal 
friend of John Brown, the anti-slavery martyr, and in a will which 
Brown made William H. Russell was named as one of the trustees. 
'He was the Connecticut representative on the National Kansas 
' (anti-slavery) committee before the war, and John Brown was 
many times a guest at his house. Rev. E. S. Lines (Bishop 
of diocese of Newark), president of the Historical Society, wrote 
of Gen. Russell, that he had " a New England ancestry than which 
one more distinguished could hardly be named." " He had the 
respect and regard of all men. He commanded a feeling akin to 
• reverence." " Because he wanted justice for all men he threw himself 
' into the anti-slavery movement with all his heart," and that he " has 
a high and influential place among those who made the anti-slavery 
: sentiment of the North, and especially of New England." Congress- 
man Sperry wrote, " If there ever was a man who labored faithfully 
and efficiently for the cause of the anti-slavery party and the elec- 
tion of Abraham Lincoln, that man was General Russell. He put 
his heart and soul into the cause. Those who knew him best during 
the days of the anti-slavery excitement and the rebellion which fol- 
lowed, will admit that he had no superior in loyalty, earnestness, 
and devotion to the cause." Believing civil war to be inevitable, he 



422 GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 

introduced, about 1840, very thorough military drill and discipline 
into his school to fit every pupil to serve his country in war as well 
as to furnish a sound education for times of peace. In 1861, at 
the outbreak of the Eebellion, military instructors were so difficult ! 
to obtain that even the younger boys from his school were in de- 
mand at the encampment as drill instructors for the new recruits i 
for army service. It was stated that over 300 men who had been his i 
pupils fought in the Union Army, In 1861, at the commencement of 
the Civil War, Governor Buckingham relied upon William H. Rus-i 
sell, as the man best qualified by early training and knowledge of i 
military affairs, to organize the militia of Connecticut for army t 
service, and first by appointment of the Governor and later by act of < 
the Legislature he was appointed Major-General. Such was his 
earnestness in the prosecution of the war that, it being impossible 
to send his five sons into the army (as he otherwise would have ; 
done), because the oldest was only about thirteen years of age, and . 
the youngest an infant, he hired five men to represent them in the < 
army who otherwise would not have enlisted. Both he and his 
wife were earnest Christians in every day's work. Always ready to 
help the weak and unfortunate, the last act of his life (and cause 
of death) was characteristic of him. In May, 1885, he saw from 
his window numerous street boys throwing stones at the birds in the 
park. He ran out to protect the birds from being injured by the 
boys, but the boys were active and numerous, the park was large, 
and he was too old for such active, prolonged effort. Overcome by 
the effort he fell unconscious from a fatal rupture of a blood-vessel 
(apoplexy) and died May 19th, 1885, aged seventy-six years. He had 
never had a day of illness previously since childhood. Investigation 
of old records proves that his ancestry was especially conducive to 
vigorous mental and physical health and longevity, and freedom from 
any tendency to disease. His wife died December 11th, 1890, aged 
seventy-four years, having had good health until her last illness. 
Immediately after his death the veteran soldiers of Admiral Foote 
Post, G. A. R., passed the following resolution : " Eesolved, That on 
Saturday next, May 30th, and on all future Decoration Days in 
which we may participate, we will decorate the grave of Major 
General William Huntington Russell in the same spirit of affection- 
ate respect with which we lay our garlands upon the graves of our 



GENERAL WILLIAM HUNTINGTON RUSSELL, M.A. 423 

comrades." Sixteen years after General RusselPs death the New 
Haven Colony Historical Society held a meeting commemorative 
of his public services at which addresses were made by President 
Lines (now Bishop of the diocese of Kewark) and others, and his 
portrait was hung in their hall. Donald G. Mitchell of Edgewood 
(Yale, 1837), the well-known author (related to William H. Rus- 
sell, through ancestry), wrote of him that he was one of "those 
who had left reputations and traditions behind them at Yale," " and 
stories of his brilliant and effective speech-making were very cur- 
rent about the corridors of the old Lyceum," and that "he did 
enough to sway into higher and conquering ways of thought, the 
minds of hundreds of young people with whom he was brought into 
professional contact, and of older ones, too, who responded to the 
touches of his magnetic influence." Henry Holt, the publisher 
(Yale, 1857), one of General Russell's old pupils, wrote that he 
regarded him " as a very remarkable personality. When he smiled 
his eyes glowed with a silvery light that I have never seen in any 
other eyes than Herbert Spencer's," and that he knew of no one 
whom he would put in advance of him as a model of prompt and 
inflexible allegiance to duty. Another old graduate of Yale, refer- 
ing to William H. Russell, wrote, " I thought him to be the best 
speaker and scholar I had seen." His sons are: Talcott Hunting- 
ton Russell, B.A., Yale 1869, LL.B., Columbia 1871, Instructor on 
Municipal Corporations in Yale Law Department 1892 to 1900. 
He practices law in New Haven, where he has resided since birth; 
Thomas Hubbard Russell, Ph. B. Yale 1872, M.D. Yale 1875, Pro- 
fessor in Yale University from 1883 to the present time; Philip 
Gray Russell, B.A. Yale 1876, LL.B. Yale 1878, who after a very 
successful career in the legal profession died without issue in Wash- 
ington, D. C, July 21, 1900, age forty-six, from acute inflammation 
of kindneys resulting from severe appendicitis; Edward Hubbard 
Russell, Ph.B. Yale 1878, inventor of Russell Processes for Silver 
Ores, who lives abroad; Robert Gray Russell, who died from acute 
dysentery during his Sophomore year at Yale. 

A sketch of his son, Thomas H. Russell, Ph.B., M.D., Pro- 
fessor in Yale University from 1883 until the present time, can be 
found on page 424 in this volume. 



THOMAS HUBBARD RUSSELL 

RUSSELL, THOMAS HUBBAED, Ph.B., Yale 1872, M.D.I 
Yale 1875, Professor in the Medical Department of Yale 
University from 1883 to the present time, was born in New 
Haven, December 14th, 1851. He was descended from two founders! 
of Yale, and from a distinguished Puritan and earlier English 
ancestry; every male ancestor was a college graduate since a date* 
previous to the founding of Yale. Since Yale was founded every 
male ancestor graduated from Yale. His four brothers also graduated ^ 
from Yale, excepting one who died from acute dysentery in Sopho-; 
more year. His mother was Mary E,, daughter of Thomas Hubbard, 
a Professor in Yale University from 1829 until his death in 1838. 
Some account of his illustrious ancestry for several hundred years 
may be found in the sketch of his father. General William Hunting- 
ton Eussell, valedictorian of the class of 1833 (Yale), on page 410 
of this volume. Until 1868 he received his education in the large 
preparatory school established and conducted by his father in New 
Haven. In 1868 he resided in the home of his uncle, Eev. Simeon 
North, ex-president of Hamilton College, and there continued his 
preparations for Yale. Although prepared to enter the Academical 
department in 1869, he preferred the Scientific course, and having 
obtained his father's consent to the change, passed the entrance exam- 
ination without conditions and received the degree of Ph.B. in 1872. 
In 1872 he was assistant to Professor 0. C, Marsh on his 
paleontological expedition. He performed all his duties in such 
a thoroughly satisfactory manner that Prof. Marsh endeavored to 
persuade him to take up Paleontology as his life work. This Dr. 
Russell did not consider advisable, as he was unwilling to longer delay 
medical studies. A year later Prof. Marsh urged him with addi- 
tional inducements to go with him on another expedition, and told 
him he would always leave his proposals open for acceptance at 
any future time. Professor Marsh showed his complete confidence in 
Dr. Russell's work by depending upon him as his physician and inti- 

424 



O^HOMAS HUBBARD BUSSELL. 427 

mate friend until his death in 1899. His father having sultered 
severe losses from depreciation in real estate. Dr. Kussell was self- 
supporting by teaching during his professional studies and subse- 
quently until his medical practice furnished sufficient income. He 
received the degree of M.D. in 1875, and commenced practice in 
February, 1875. While studying medicine, and during six or eight 
years afterward, he was assistant to Prof. Francis Bacon. In 1875 
he was resident physician and surgeon to the New Haven Hospital, 
and was for some years physician to the New Haven Dispensary. 
From 1877 to 1879 he was assistant to Professor David P. Smith, 
and from 1880 to 1883 was Lecturer on surgical subjects in the Yale 
Medical Department. He has been attending surgeon to the New 
Haven Hospital from February, 1878, to the present time. He was 
Professor of Materia Medica and Therapeutics at Yale from 1883 
to 1891. In 1891 he was appointed Professor of Clinical Surgery, 
and still occupies that position. In 1886 he went abroad. On Decem- 
ber 21st, 1882, he married Mary K., daughter of Lyman E. Munson, 
formerly Judge of the United States Court of Montana by appoint- 
ment from President Lincoln. Mrs. EusselFs ancestors, through 
both parents, were Puritans, and left a notable record of success, 
health, and longevity. Both of her parents are still living, in good 
health, aged 84 and 79. His five children, Mary Talcott, Thomas 
Hubbard, Jr., William Huntington, Eleanor, and Edward Stanton, 
are all living. The doctor, his wife, and three oldest children are 
members of the First Congregational Church. The other two chil- 
dren are as yet too yoimg to become church members. His practice 
has extended, in consultation and otherwise, over a considerable por- 
tion of the state. He has written many papers on professional sub- 
jects which have been read before medical associations or published. 
He owes much to the help and companionship of his good wife, who 
has been all that a Christian wife and mother could be, who never 
tires of doing good, and has always had perfect health, sound com- 
mon sense, and all the most lovable qualities of mind and heart. 
She had the advantage of education in both European and Amer- 
ican boarding schools. Their home life has been as happy as pos- 
sible. Like his brothers, who have all been successful in their pro- 
fessions, he had by inheritance absolutely no money, but what was 
far better, sound health and a good name. As a foundation for his 



428 THOMAS HUBBARD RUSSELL. ; 

! 

life work he received from both parents a most careful religious 
common-sense training, a college education, freedom from bad hab 
its, and an ability and willingness to do hard and successful pro 
fessional work. 

His reply to the question as to success is that it, like all othei 
desirable objects, can only be obtained by paying the price, which is 
asking God's help, a strictly upright life, seeking all useful knowledge^ 
from books and from advice of others, and doing the best, most thor-i 
ough work which one's ability and strength permit, systematically! 
and continuously, in some one definite line, however unpleasant the 
task or inconvenient or long the hours. 

He is a member of the foUowirig societies: American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science; Connecticut Academy of Artst 
and Sciences; New Haven Colony Historical Society; American i 
Medical Association; Connecticut Medical Society; New Haven i 
County Medical Association; New Haven (City) Medical Associa- 
tion; Graduates' Club. 



LIST OF BIOGRAPHIES 



VOLUME n 



, Page 

(john C. Adams 192 

i Joseph Anderson 150 

Francis Atwater 288 

I Lewis J. Atwood 147 

1 Benj. W. Bacon 77 

Josepli L. Barber 297 

Joseph L. Bartlett 249 

! Wm. L. Bennett 45 

jl Theo, A. Bingham 75 

jjohn Birge 236 

[ Edward G. Bourne 154 

[ Thos. D. Bradstreet 295 

Wm. H. Bristol 347 

Chas. F. Brooker 59 

James F. Brown 234 

John D. Browne 358 

Jonathan B, Bimc© 68 

Wm. Butler 193 

Wm. S. Case 28 

Geo. L. Chase 52 

Samuel H. Chittenden 223 

Levi N. Clark 197 

Atwood Collins 371 

Alfred W. Conyerse 299 

Albert S. Cook 109 

Philip Corbin 91 

Wilbur L. Cross 84 

Howard J. Cxirtis 43 

Edward L. Curtiss 184 

Chas. H. Daris 203 

Clarence Deming 86 

Edward B. Dunbar 251 

Augustus J. DuBois 175 

Wm. T. Elmer 21 

Samuel E. Elmore 123 

Ralph H. Ensign 125 

Geo. H. Ford 266 

Edwin B. Gager 35 



Page 

Oliver Gildersleeve 403 

Geo. S. Godard 49 

Theo. S. Gold 373 

Thos. D. Goodell 136 

Casper H. Goodrich 380 

S. J. Hall 275 

Atemas E. Hart 307 

Buell Hemingway 311 

Andrew B. Hendryx 261 

Ludwig Holmes 321 

Edward W. Hopkins 313 

Wm. F. Hopson 315 

Henry L. Hotchkiss 170 

Leverett M. Hubbard 324 

Robert W. Huntington, Jr 367 

Chas. M. Jarvia 95 

Albert D. Judd 337 

Geo. E. Keeney 318 

Geo. T. Ladd 340 

Chas. M. Lewis 330 

Lewis A. Lipsette 343 

Wm. DeLoss Love 332 

Wm. E. Mead 263 

Alexander R. Merriam 117 

Ernest deF. Miel 384 

Edward Miller 283 

Henry G. Newton 247 

James Nichols 63 

Chas. H. Noble 354 

Elisha L. Palmer 143 

Frank L. Palmer 376 

Lewis B. Paton 168 

Tracy Peck 166 

Samuel L. Penfield 240 

Wm. L. Phelps 271 

A. W. Phillips 356 

Louis V. Pirsson 255 

James P. Piatt H 



Rollin J. Plumb 207 

David S. Plume 138 

Frank C, Porter 285 

Rockwell H. Potter 378 

W. H. Preseott 189 

Joel H. Reed 31 

Silas A. Robinson 23 

Cephas B. Rogers 179 

Alberto T. Roraback 15 

Thos. H. Ruger 106 

Thos. H. Russell 424 

Wm. H. Russell 410 

John H. Sage 326 

John C. Schwab 214 

Edwin L. ScoJSeld 242 

Chas. E. Searls 225 

Ernest T. Seton 144 

Wm. C. Sharpe 291 

Milton A. Shumway 39 

Harold W. Stevens 121 

Benj. R. Stillman 257 

Andrew J. Sloper 113 

Friend W. Smith 211 

James D. Smith 133 

John B. Talcott 102 

John M. Thayer 18 

Geo. F. Tinker 129 

Percy R. Todd 217 

Jerome Tourtellotte 232 



Fredk. T. Towne 386 

Wm. K. Townsend 9 

Justus A. Traut I5g 

Chas. S. Treadway 2I8 

Julius Twiss 229 

Joseph H. Twitchell 277 

Augustus C. Tyler 209 

Isaac M. Ullman 392 

Chas. M. Upson 387 

Evelyn M. Upson 160 

Curtiss H. Veeder 394 

Homer L. Wanzer 305 

Herbert C. Warren 162 

Wm. H. Watrous 199 

Nelso J. Welton 364 

Meigs H. Whaples 65 

Geo. W. Wheeler 25 

Ralph Wheeler 33 

Richard A. Wheeler 182 

John H. Whittemore 57 

Amos Whitney 303 

Horace J. Wickham 71 

Marcellus B. Willcox 119 

Wm. H. Williams 397 

W. T. Woodruff 98 

Henry Woodward 351 

P. Henry Woodward 81 

Theo. S. Woolsey 299 



LIST OF FULL PAGE PORTRAITS 



VOLUME n 



Page 

Francis Atwater 288 

Lewis J. Atwood 147 

John Birge 237 

Thos. D. Bradstreet 294 

W. H. Bristol 246 

John D. Brown 359 

William Butler 196 

William S. Case 28 

Geo. L. Chase 62 

Atwood Collins 370 

Philip Corbin 90 

Howard J. Curtis 42 

E. B. Dunbar 251 

William T, Elmer 20 

R. H. Ensign 124 

Goo. H, Ford 267 

Edwin B. Gager 35 

Oliver Gildersleeve 402 

George S. Godard 48 

Casper Goodrich 381 

S. J. Hall 274 

A. B. Hendryx 260 

Buell Hemingway 310 

H. L. Hotchkiss 171 

Chas. M. Jarvis 94 

A. D. Judd 336 

G«o. E. Keeney 318 

Edward Miller 282 

H. G. Newton 247 

James Nichols 62 



Page 
A. W. Phillips 357 

E, J. Plumb 206 

David S. Plume 139 

W. H. Prescott 188 

Cephas Rogers 178 

Alberto T. Roraback 14 

W. H. Russell 411 

Thomas H. Russell 425 

John H. Sage 327 

A. J. Sloper 113 

J. D. Smith 133 

F. W. Smith 211 

J. B. Talcott 103 

W. K. Townsend 8 

Justus Traut 157 

C. S. Treadway 219 

Julius Twiss 228 

Isaac Ullman 391 

C. M. Upson 391 

H. C. Warren 163 

W. H. Watrous 198 

N. J. Welton 365 

Ralph Wheeler 32 

Amos Whitney 302 

H. C. Wickham 71 

W. H. Williams 397 

W. T. Woodruff 99 

P. H. Woodward 80 

Henry Woodward 351 



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