NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES
3 3433 08254188 3
Men of Mark in South Carolina
Ideals of American Life
A Collection of Biographies of Leading Men
of the State
J. G. HEMPHILL
Editor of "The News and Courier"
Illustrated with Many
Full Page Photo-Steel Engraved Portraits
MEN OF MARK PUBLISHING COMPANY
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Washington, D. C.
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Men of Mark Publishing Company
AJjAN, JAMES, of Charleston, South Carolina, business
man, bank director, and for five years school commis-
sioner of Charleston, is a native of Scotland who by his
long identification with the interests of Charleston, South Caro-
lina, has come to be a type of that large body of Scotch- American
citizens whose sound Biblical principles, honesty and industry,
have had a marked influence upon the history and the develop-
ment of the state of South Carolina in all its political, business
and social interests.
He was born at Caithness, Scotland, October 6, 1832. His
father, Alexander Allan, was a cabinet maker who prided himself
upon the thoroughness of his work and the honesty of all his
transactions. He came to the United States in 1837, when his
son, James, was but five years old.
Passing his boyhood after that time in the city schools of
Charleston, James Allan had as his teachers Mr. Blum and Dr.
Faber, who are gratefully remembered by many men who were
Charleston school boys sixty years ago. His fondness for fine
mechanical work of all kinds inclined him to watchmaking,
especially for the delight he took in exact machinery and the use
of instruments of precision. He studied watchmaking under a
German, Francis Stein, for four years from the time he was
seventeen; and gradually he made his way to the management
of an important business in jewelry and watchmaking.
During the War between the States he served as a lieutenant
of volunteers at Charleston.
He feels that he owes the steadying influences of his life in
no small degree to the example and the teaching of faithful
parents who had strong religious convictions. Contact with other
business men also contributed much, he feels, to confirming his
integrity of life and his desire to be of use to others in the
community in which he lives. While he is a most loyal American,
and a South Carolinian in all things, he is proud of his Scotch
ancestry. He served for five years as president of the St.
Andrew society of Charleston. He is also a master Mason, and
a Knight Templar, and was master of Orange lodge for six years.
Early a member of the Presbyterian church, he has been for many
years an elder in that denomination. He is a Democrat, and
has never varied in his allegiance to the platform and candidates
of the party. He has found his chief amusement and recreation
He was school commissioner in Charleston for five years, and
was chairman of the commission for repairs and improvements
of the school buildings after the great earthquake in 1886. He
is also director of the Exchange Bank and Trust company.
On August 13, 1856, he married Miss Amy Sarah Hobcraft.
Of their eleven children, eight are living in 1907.
In the advice which he gives to young Americans, Mr. Allan
shows himself to be one of that great body of American citizens
who hold to the old standards which have given worth and
dignity to generations of family life in Scotland and in the
United States : "First, take the Bible as your guide ; and practice
sobriety, industry and honesty, so that men may trust your word
as they would your bond."
Mr. Allan's address is Charleston, South Carolina.
HARTWELL MOORE AVER
A~ER, HARTWELL MOORE, was born at Beauford's
Bridge, Barnwell county, South Carolina, January 7,
1868. His father, Lewis Malone Ayer, was a man of
versatile talent. At one time actively engaged in farming, he
attained prominence in professional and public life. He taught,
preached, and practiced law, and just at the breaking out of the
War between the States he was elected to the Confederate con-
gress, and served as a representative throughout the four years
of storm and stress that followed. After the war he conducted a
seminary in Anderson, and also served as a member of the South
Carolina legislature. His marked characteristics were, in the
words of his son, "intellectuality and unswerving devotion to
duty, together with public spirit, and old-fashioned high tone."
The Ayer family settled in South Carolina in colonial times.
Thomas Ayer, of Scotch-Irish descent, had come to Marlboro
before 1776, and when the war for independence broke out he
became a leader of the patriots in the struggle. Another member
of the family was Lewis Malone Ayer, Senior, who acted as
courier for General Francis Marion. His son, Lewis Malone
Ayer, Junior, many years afterward was one of the leaders in
the Kansas-Nebraska troubles in 1854.
Hartwell Ayer's early life was passed, for the most part, in
Anderson, South Carolina. He owes much to the training of an
excellent mother, who not only managed her household efficiently,
but gave her children the elements of a sound education. From
his early youth, Mr. Ayer has been fond of reading. As a boy
he devoted much time to history and romance. After some years
of study in W. J. Ligon's school in Anderson, he entered South
Carolina college, from which he was graduated in 1887. After
his graduation, Mr. Ayer taught for a time in his father's semi-
nary at Anderson and in the Bamberg county schools. Meanwhile
he was studying law, and was beginning to make his way in
journalism. Starting as reporter for the "Charleston World," he
became successively city editor of that journal, telegraph editor of
the "Columbus (Georgia) Enquirer-Sun," and of the "Savannah
HARTWELL, MOORE AYER
Morning News," editor and proprietor of the "Charleston Post,"
and finally editor and proprietor of the "Florence Daily Times."
Mr. Ayer was admitted by the supreme court to the practice
of law in 1897. In 1904 he was appointed a member of the state
board of education, and served in the state legislature. He has
served in the state militia for four years, and is a member of
the Masonic order and of the Knights of Pythias, having held
the offices of chancellor commander and district deputy grand
chancellor in the latter organization. He is a Democrat. He is
connected with the Episcopal church. Mr. Ayer finds rest and
relaxation from his journalistic duties in such out-of-door sports
as swimming, walking and hunting, together with the healthful
open-air life and discipline of the state militia encampments.
On June 25, 1890, he married Cornelia W. Smith. They have
had six children, four of whom are now (1907) living.
The following, in Mr. Ayer's judgment, are among the
guiding principles for the attainment of true success in life:
"High ideals; strict attention to details; honesty and courage,
coupled with the desire and the willingness to learn from anybody
or from any source anything that will contribute to thorough
knowledge of the particular subject in question."
His address is Florence, South Carolina.
THOMAS WRIGHT BAGOT
BACOT, THOMAS WRIGHT, is a native of Charleston, as
his ancestors were for several generations. His father,
Robert Dewar Bacot, was a cotton merchant and rice
planter, a man of integrity, strength of character and modesty.
The earliest member of the family to come to this country was
Pierre Bacot, who was born in Tours, France, and emigrated to
Carolina in the latter part of the seventeenth century. At about
the same time, soon after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes,
Mr. Bacot's maternal ancestor, Daniel Huger, emigrated from
France and settled in Carolina, where his descendants from that
day to this have been well-known citizens and men of prominence
in public affairs, especially in the city of Charleston.
Thomas W. Bacot was born April 14, 1849. His youth was
passed for the most part in Charleston, though with intervals of
residence in the country. Endowed with good health, he entered
with zest into the various outdoor sports afield and on the water ;
and through most of his life he has continued to take delight in
such manly exercises as riding, hunting and shooting. Among
his youthful studies, languages and mathematics appealed to him
particularly, but the book that influenced him most of all, he
says, was the Bible.
After some years of study in the private and public schools
of Charleston, and in the country, Mr. Bacot entered the College
of Charleston, from which he was graduated in 1870, with the
degree of B. A., taking the second honor in his class. After
spending some time in the study of law in the office of McCrady
& Son, in Charleston, in 1871 he was admitted to the bar. He
began practice January 1, 1872. He soon won for himself a high
position in his profession, and in 1899 he was admitted to prac-
tice before the United States supreme court. Among the many
important duties which Mr. Bacot has discharged in the course
of his practice have been those of counsel for the Coosaw com-
pany, and in the litigation over the South Carolina railroad and
the South Carolina railway. He is solicitor of St. Philip's parish,
THOMAS WRIGHT BACOT
Mr. Bacot, in addition to the regular duties incident to his
professional practice, has taken a prominent part in the affairs of
his state. From 1892 to 1902 he served as member of the South
Carolina house of representatives, during the last four years of
that time holding the very responsible position of chairman of
the judiciary committee. He has also served as delegate to the
political conventions of his county and state. He is now the first
assistant United States attorney for the two districts of South
Carolina, at Charleston.
Educational and religious interests claim a large part of his
attention. He has served as a trustee of South Carolina college.
He was a lay-delegate from the diocese of South Carolina in the
general convention of the Protestant Episcopal church, which
met in Boston, Massachusetts, in October, 1904. He is a vestry-
man of St. Philip's church, Charleston, and has represented his
parish in the convention of the diocese of South Carolina.
Mr. Bacot is president of St. George's society of Charleston,
and one of the vice-presidents of the Huguenot society. He is a
member of the Commercial club of Charleston, and of the South
Carolina Historical society, and a member of the committee on
charity of the South Carolina society.
A man of strong religious convictions, Mr. Bacot has ever
striven to regulate his life by the principles laid down in the
Bible. He is profoundly convinced that the welfare of society
depends upon the maintenance and defence of the sanctity of the
home, and is a pronounced enemy, not only of divorce, but of
the remarriage of divorced persons. He does not advocate the
abolition of the liquor traffic, but prefers that it be so regulated
as to minimize the "profit- feature" in the sale of intoxicating
beverages. Any advice which he might give to the youth of the
country would be summed up in the Christian rule of love to
God and to man, together with temperance, or self-mastery, in
On April 18, 1877, Mr. Bacot married Miss Louisa de Ber-
niere McCrady. They have had seven children, of whom all but
one are now (1907) living.
His address is Charleston, South Carolina.
WILLIAM WATTS BALL
BALL, WILLIAM WATTS, since 1904 assistant editor of
the Charleston "News and Courier," and for the last
seventeen years connected with editorial and newspaper
work in the South, was born in Laurens county, South Carolina,
on the 9th of December, 1868. His father, Beaufort Watts Ball,
was a lawyer, who incidentally edited a country newspaper and
conducted a farm. He was a member of the state legislature, and
was a state prosecuting attorney. He married his third cousin,
Miss Eliza Watts. During the War between the States he was
a private in Hampton's legion, and later he was made captain
and assistant adjutant-general of General Gary's brigade in the
Confederate States army.
The ancestors of the family were chiefly English, who had
settled in Virginia before the War of the Eevolution. His great
great-grandfather, William Ball, removed from Virginia to South
Carolina in the eighteenth century, as did also his great great-
grandfather Watts, both on his father's and his mother's side.
As a rule, the members of his family have been well-to-do
In his boyhood he had good health, and he was blessed with
a father who early put into his hands the best books and taught
him to love good literature. He attended the village schools of
Laurens, South Carolina, and later a preparatory school at Wal-
halla, South Carolina. He was graduated from South Carolina
college (now the University of South Carolina) in 1887; and
after his graduation, in 1888 and 1889 he pursued post-graduate
courses in English and ethics for a year. He was admitted to
practice law by the supreme court of South Carolina, in May,
1890, after studying in his father's office. In the summer of 1890
he took a summer course in law at the University of Virginia.
While studying at Columbia he taught in the public schools of
Admitted to the bar in May, 1890, he became soon afterward
the proprietor of the "Laurens Advertiser," a weekly paper. He
bought the paper with the intention of practicing law and at the
same time doing editorial work. But after eighteen months of
12 WILLIAM WATTS BAT,!.
practice, with fair success, he definitely chose the profession of
newspaper work as his life work, following in this choice his own
personal preference, and acting against the advice of his family
and friends. His "only ambition has been to learn thoroughly
newspaper making." The taste for this work showed itself early
in his college course, and determined his vocation. In 1894 he
was editor of the Columbia "Journal" ; from 1895 to 1897 he was
editor of the Charleston "Evening Post"; from 1897 to 1898 he
edited the "Greenville Daily News," at Greenville, South Caro-
lina; for some months in 1898 he was a reporter for the "Phila-
delphia Press"; from 1900 to 1902 he was city editor of the
Jacksonville, Florida, "Times-Union"; in 1904 he was news
editor of the Columbia "State"; and since September, 1904, he
has been assistant editor of the Charleston "News and Courier,"
engaged chiefly in editorial writing. He has also acted as corre-
spondent for various newspapers throughout the country.
On the 21st of April, 1897, Mr. Ball married Miss Fay Witte,
daughter of Charles Otto Witte, of Charleston, South Carolina.
They have had five children, four of whom are living in 1907,
He is identified with the Protestant Episcopal church. In
politics an independent Democrat, he voted for Palmer and
Buckner in 1896, having attended the Indianapolis convention,
which nominated them, and served as one of the members of the
committee to draft a platform for that convention.
Mr. Ball was a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity
at college. He is a Mason. He is a member of the Knights of
He is president of the Laurens Publishing company, and still
contributes the editorials to the publications of that company.
Mr. Ball writes of himself: "I have been simply a fairly
hard-working newspaper man." He was graduated from college
when but a few months over eighteen years of age the youngest
member of his class. He began newspaper work in 1890, only
two months before Governor Tillman was elected. State politics
were at white heat. He was opposed to "Tillmanism" ; his father
was a political supporter of Wade Hampton, and Mr. Ball feels
that an "aggressive and constant opposition to the Tillman school
of politics has been the feature of his work."
Mr. Ball has always advocated in all his newspaper work the
public-spirited effort to develop the industries of his state. He
is now a director in two cotton mill corporations.
JOHN A. BARKSDALE
BARKSDALE, JOHN A., physician and banker, of Laurens,
South Carolina, was born within two miles of the town
where he still (1907) resides, October 1, 1826. His father,
Allen Barksdale, at one time sheriff of Laurens county, twice
elected to the state legislature, was a man of striking integrity
and strong religious character, prominent in every effort to influ-
ence his community for good. His mother was Nancy Downs
Barksdale. Among his ancestors distinguished for patriotism and
public service, he numbers Abram Alexander (his great-grand-
father), who was president of the Mecklenburg convention, held
at Charlotte, North Carolina, in May, 1775, which adopted the
first famous declaration of independence, known as the "Meck-
He refers with especial tenderness to the influence upon his
life of his mother, and he feels that the devotion to parents and
the love of family, which were uniformly felt and inculcated in
his home-life, early formed standards of life for which he has
always been grateful. While he was not occupied in any regular
tasks of manual labor, he often worked upon the farm and in
the garden, Saturdays, when he was not at school. He was fitted
for college at the classical school at Laurens, South Carolina, and
was a student at Transylvania university, in Kentucky, in 1845.
His course in medicine he took at the medical college in Charles-
ton, South Carolina, in 1846 and 1847, in which latter year he
was graduated from that institution. In March, 1847, following
his own early choice of a profession, he took up the practice of
medicine in his native town, and he continued that practice until
1886. For the last twenty years he has given his time and
attention to his duties as president of the National Bank of
Laurens, South Carolina.
On October 7, 1852, he was married at Newberry, to Martha
Amelia Nance; and of their seven children, five are living in 1907.
Doctor Barksdale served for two terms in the legislature of
South Carolina. He was vice-president of the Greenville and
Laurens railroad when it was organized. He is a Mason.
14 JOHN A. BARKSDALE
A member of the Baptist church, he has all his life been
deeply interested in the development of the Sunday school work
of his church and his state. The health, of which he has had
so good a measure for four score years, he attributes in part
to his fondness for exercise on horseback, his favorite form of
In his kindly devotion for forty years to the health and the
physical welfare of the community in which he resides; in his
later influence in developing the business interests of the com-
munity through the administration of the affairs of the bank of
which he has been president for the last twenty years; and in
his lifelong interest in bringing the best of influence to bear upon
the children of the state through Sunday schools and Christian
training at home, that they may be fitted for good citizenship,
Doctor Barksdale has shown himself a man of mark, and a true
son of South Carolina.
His address is Laurens, South Carolina.
GEORGE HOLLAND BATES
BATES, GEORGE HOLLAND, lawyer, state senator, was
born at Upper Three Buns, in Barnwell (now Aiken)
county, South Carolina, July 27, 1853. His father, Wil-
liam T. Bates, was a farmer and a country magistrate, loyal to
his own conceptions of duty and devoted to the interests of the
Baptist church, in which he was a deacon. He died at Goldsboro,
North Carolina, May 13, 1865, a soldier in the Confederate army.
The earliest known ancestor in America was Michael Bates, who
came from Germany and before the Revolution settled in what
is now the lower part of Newberry county.
His mother died when George Holland Bates was but eight
years old. As the oldest of the five children, he remained on the
old homestead with his father, the younger children going to the
home of their grandmother. As a boy on his father's farm, he
had daily tasks to do in hoeing cotton, corn, etc., and he says:
"I always went to work as early as possible, to gain time for
reading." He attended a number of common schools in the
country a few months at a time, and later had two years at
Richland academy. But upon the death of his father, in 1865,
he also went to reside with his grandmother; and when his only
surviving uncle was married, in 1872, he was left, at eighteen
years of age, the oldest male member of a family of ten, charged
with the responsibility of managing the farm, and, by its man-
agement, of supporting the family. The disastrous effects of the
War between the States made it difficult to procure the necessaries
of life, and the money for a college course he could not command.
He worked on a farm until he was thirty-one years old, with
the exception of five months in 1882, when he taught school, and
a short time in 1883, when he kept a country store, which allowed
him more time for reading and preparing himself for admission
to the bar. While he was working on the farm, and before his
marriage, he had begun to read law under the direction of Major
John W. Holmes, afterward editor of the "Barnwell People."
He says that he began reading law against the protest of all his
relatives; and after his marriage he determined to abandon his
legal studies, but his wife prevailed upon him to continue them,
18 GEORGE HOLLAND BATES
and to the wishes and the steady encouragement of his wife he
feels that he owes his professional career. He was married at
Aiken, South Carolina, on February 28, 1878, to Miss Elizabeth
O. Burckhalter. He feels that he owes his initial impulse to
begin the study of law to his early school teacher, Major Holmes;
while the success he has attained he feels is in large measure due
to his coming into relations with the Honorable Isaac M. Hutson
and Judge John J. Maher. That other lawyers may be reminded
afresh of opportunities to help the young, Mr. Bates recalls
gratefully the fact that "when I opened my law office I had but
three books in my library; these two gentlemen opened to me
their law libraries, and rendered me all the help they could."
In 1886, Mr. Isaac M. Hutson, having recognized the ability of
Mr. Bates, invited him into a partnership; they practiced law
together under the firm name of Hutson & Bates until the death
of Mr. Hutson. In 1889, Mr. Bates formed a partnership with
Mr. Charles Carroll Simms.
He has allowed himself to be a candidate for office but twice.
He was elected a member of the State Constitutional convention
in 1895, and took an active and helpful part in the work of that
convention. In 1886 he was elected one of the trustees of the
Barnwell graded schools; in November, 1890, he was made chair-
man of the board, and in that position he was continued, not-
withstanding repeated requests to be excused from further duty,
until he resigned in January, 1905, to enter upon his duties in
the state senate. He was also a member of the county board of
education from December, 1893, until he resigned in 1895.
In his boyhood he became a member of the Methodist church.
He was a delegate to the general conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, which met at Dallas, Texas, in May,
1902, and also to its next meeting, held at Birmingham, Alabama,
in May, 1906. In 1901 he was made a member of the board of
trustees of the South Carolina college, at Columbia. He is
president of the Barnwell County Building and Loan association.
Among social fraternities, he is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias,
and a Woodman of the World.
Senator Bates has always had the confidence and the cordial
esteem of the communities in which he has lived. His devotion
to his profession has left him little time for sport or amusement,
but he finds helpful exercise in working in his garden and his
GEORGE HOLLAND BATES 19
fruit orchard. He has always been a member of the Democratic
party, and he holds that it is the duty of every citizen to be
thoughtful for the welfare of his own community and of his state,
and to hold himself ready to bear the burdens and discharge
the duties of good citizenship, even at material cost to his own
business and his own purely selfish interests. The patriotic spirit
of devotion to his state which carried his father and four of his
uncles into the War between the States has always been strong
in his life, and leads him to public service for the commonwealth
and the country.
His address is Barnwell, South Carolina.
WILLIAM TERTIUS GAPERS BATES
BATES, WILLIAM TERTIUS CAPEES, physician,
planter, and state treasurer of South Carolina for three
terms, was born at Orangeburg, South Carolina, July 16,
1848. His father, Dr. Rezin W. Bates, a physician and planter,
had shown his public spirit by service in the legislature of the
state and as chairman of the committee on roads, bridges and
ferries. His father's ancestors were originally from England;
his mother's (Elizabeth Evans) from Wales.
Doctor Bates passed his boyhood, in which he did not have
robust health, upon a farm in the country. He was "fond of
farming and of country scenes and sports." In answer to the
question, "Did you have in your early life regular tasks which
involved manual labor?" Doctor Bates replies in a few sentences
which are sure to commend themselves as truthful to very many
men who have realized in later life the happy results of such an
intimate knowledge of plants and animal life as can only be
gained by a boyhood passed in the country, on a farm, with eyes
open to the meaning of the daily tasks that keep one close to
nature. He says: "I was required to assist in tending the farm
animals, and also in field work. My physical health was benefited
thereby, and I acquired a practical knowledge of the business of
farming. I learned the value of money, the use and wisdom of
economy, self-denial and energy. I learned to love plants and
flowers and animals; and I learned how to care for them. As
I am now growing old, I find that this knowledge is useful,
pleasurable and profitable to me." The strong influence of his
mother's example and teaching has always been felt in his life.
While he was a boy, Shakespeare and the Bible became his
In 1864, while he was but sixteen, he entered the Confederate
army. Later he attended the Pine Grove academy, preparing
there for the South Carolina college; and in 1868 he was grad-
uated from that college with the degree of M. D. He took post-
graduate courses at the Bellevue Medical college, New York city,
1868 to 1869, and again in New York city hospitals in 1883.
While he continued in active practice he was not satisfied unless
WILLIAM TERTIUS CAPERS BATES 23
he made a constant effort to keep abreast of the later discoveries
and literature in his profession.
He began the practice of medicine, in May, 1869, at St.
Matthews, South Carolina. In his choice of this life work he
was largely influenced by the wishes of his parents. He con-
tinued the practice of medicine until 1886. In 1881 he located
in Columbia, South Carolina, and made a specialty of diseases
of the mind and nervous system. He was unanimously elected
president of the Richland County Medical society. His health
failing, he gave up practice, returned to his old home in 1886,
and the following year became president of the Bank of St.
Matthews. He was the state treasurer of South Carolina for
three terms, from November, 1890, to February, 1897 the most
critical and difficult period in the history of this office. He has
long been a trustee of the South Carolina college. Three times
he has served as intendant of St. Matthews. On December 23,
1872, he married Miss Mary B. Wannamaker.
At college he was a member of the Chi Psi fraternity. He
is a Knight of Pythias. In politics he is a Democrat. Doctor
Bates has always had at heart the improvement of the physical
condition, the business enterprises and the moral tone of his town.
He attends the Methodist church. Throughout his life his health
has been far from robust, and his early retirement from the active
practice of his profession was due in large part to his health.
Many of his fellow-citizens of South Carolina would say of
Doctor Bates as Doctor Bates has written of his own father, that
he was a man of "strong will-power, uncompromising and deter-
mined in his stand for principles of righteousness and justice,
and of untiring energy."
The address of Dr. Bates is St. Matthews, South Carolina.
Vol. II. S. C. 2.
GEORGE DUNCAN BELLINGER
BELLINGEE, GEOEGE DUNCAN, son of John A. and
Ann P. Duncan Bellinger, was born November 4, 1856,
at Barnwell, South Carolina. His father was a lawyer,
a man of amiability and courage ; he was lieutenant in Lancaster's
company, Brown's regiment, and, in 1863, was killed at James
Island, South Carolina, being but thirty years of age.
The Bellingers are descended from the Bellinghams, of
Bellingham, in Northumberland, and have kept their identity
separate and distinct since 1475, when Walter Bellinger was
created Ireland King at Arms, and granted the coat-of-arms
"Argent, a Saltire engrailed sable, entre four roses, Gules." The
earliest known ancestor in America of the family, Edmund
Bellinger, of Westmoreland county, England, settled on James
Island in 1674. He was commander of the ship Blake, Royal
navy, in 1697; April 1, 1698, he became surveyor-general of the
Carolinas; and on May 7, 1698, he was created landgrave.
Mr. Bellinger's grandfather, Edmund Bellinger, Jr., lawyer
and legislator, was, by order of the legislature, author of
"Bellinger on Elections" ; he was also a member of the celebrated
Nullification convention of 1832.
George Duncan Bellinger's early life was passed in a village;
as a boy he was not robust. No regular duties were required
of him; but he was allowed to spend his time practically in
accordance with his own wishes. He early developed a taste
for scientific subjects, especially those pertaining to physics and
At the age of four years he suffered an irreparable loss in
the death of his mother, and, as stated, at six that of his father.
The chief influences in molding his life have been the school and
contact with the active world of work. He was fortunate in the
possession of educational advantages, the means to complete a
college course being furnished him by a distant relative. On the
14th of June, 1879, he was graduated from Furman university
with the degree of A. B. The subjects which most interested
him during his student life were mental philosophy, biology and
sociology. Following his college course, Mr. Bellinger entered
GEORGE DUNCAN BELLINGER 27
upon the study of law under the direction of Judge J. J. Maher,
finishing in 1880. His active life work began in December, 1880,
when he began the practice of law in Barnwell, South Carolina.
Here he continued until January, 1903, when he removed to
In 1882, Mr. Bellinger became a member of the legislature
of South Carolina; from 1883 to 1892 he was master for Barn-
well county; from 1892 to 1898 he was solicitor of the second
circuit ; from 1898 to 1902, attorney-general of the state ; in 1903
he was made special circuit judge; in 1904 he became trustee of
Clemson college; in 1895 he was a member of the Constitutional
convention of the state; from 1883 to 1890 he was mayor of
Barnwell; from 1890 to 1892, secretary of the State Democratic
executive committee, and, until recently, chairman of the execu-
tive committee of the Democratic party of Barnwell county.
Mr. Bellinger may, with justice, be styled one of the makers
of the state of South Carolina; in the Constitutional convention
of 1895 he was chairman of the committee on jurisprudence, and
was the author of the entire article VI, sections 2, 4, 5 and 6
being without precedent. In the convention he introduced an
ordinance to prevent lynching and to punish by removal and
disfranchisement sheriffs, constables and other officers who per-
mitted lynching to occur. This ordinance was emasculated and
changed to what now appears as section 6 of article VI. During
the last twelve years Mr. Bellinger has also participated in some
of the most important criminal prosecutions in his state. He
conducted the prosecution of the Broxton Bridge lynchers at
Walterboro and Aiken in 1896 ; was leading counsel in the prose-
cution, in 1904, of James H. Tillman for the murder of Editor
Gonzales, and also in the prosecution and conviction, in 1901, of
W. A. Neal, superintendent of the South Carolina penitentiary.
He is now practicing his profession at Columbia, South Carolina,
with R. H. Welch, the firm being Bellinger & Welch.
Mr. Bellinger is a chapter Mason, a member of the Knights
of Pythias, of the Odd Fellows, the Elks, and the Commercial
club at Charleston. He has also held the position of first chan-
cellor commander of Lodge No. 16 of the Knights of Pythias.
As indicated, Mr. Bellinger is a Democrat, this party having,
from the beginning of his voting, claimed his allegiance and
28 GEORGE DUNCAN BELLINGER
suffrage. In religion he is a Baptist. His rest and recreation
he finds in reading, gardening and the raising of chickens.
A sketch of Mr. Bellinger appears in "Eminent Men of
South Carolina," and also in the book published by J. C. Gar-
lington. Further data regarding his life and work may be found
in the files of "The News and Courier" and "The State" and
"Register," and in the proceedings of the Constitutional conven-
tion of 1895, the records of the Broxton Bridge trial in the
spring of 1896, the history of the memorable campaign of 1896,
and in the records of the second trial of the Broxton Bridge
case, at Aiken, in November, 1896.
On June 7, 1881, Mr. Bellinger married Miss Fannie J.
O'Bannon. They have had seven children, five of whom are now
Mr. Bellinger's address is "Shandon," Columbia, South Caro-
JOSEPH HUIET BOUKNIGHT
BOUKNIGHT, JOSEPH HUIET, since 1891 president of
the Bank of Johnston, was born on Mt. Willing planta-
tion, Edgefield county, South Carolina, November 25,
1840. His father, William Bouknight, was a planter, a man of
fine public spirit, "punctual and energetic, patient and amiable,
and generous to a fault," who held no public offices, but in the
conduct of his own affairs showed marked executive ability. His
mother, Nancy Huiet, died while he was very young; and he has
always felt keenly the loss which left his boyhood without a
mother's influence. The ancestry of his father and mother was
German. John Bouknight and Jacob Huiet emigrated from
Germany, and before 1775 settled in Lexington county, South
He knew a healthy and vigorous boyhood; and his interest
in all out-of-door sports, and especially in hunting, was keen.
His early life was passed on his father's plantation, where he
was not charged with any special cares or responsibilities save in
his studies and in the full development of all his physical powers.
He was a student at the Lutheran college at Newberry, and at
the Arsenal in Columbia, and he "was graduated at the Citadel
in Charleston, South Carolina, with the class of 1864." He has
served in the battalion of Citadel cadets for one year. At the
close of the War between the States, in 1865, he became the
manager of his father's plantation in Edgefield county, his own
personal preference as well as the wishes of his father leading
him to this choice of a life work.
While Mr. Bouknight has devoted himself steadily to the
duties of business life, he has taken a broad interest in the public
affairs of his community, and not only in the conduct of his own
business, but in his relations to the business of other men, through
his position as president of the Bank of Johnston since 1891,
and as a director of the Bank of Edgefield since 1890, he has
contributed in many ways to the advancement and prosperity of
his county and state.
On October 23, 1889, he married Miss Emma Bettis, daughter
of Benjamin and Elizabeth Bettis, of Edgefield county. They
30 JOSEPH HUIET BOUKNIGHT
have four children three sons and one daughter. In tracing the
influences which have contributed to his own usefulness in life,
Mr. Bouknight places first "the home, and especially the influence
of my father" ; then he mentions the acquaintance and the influ-
ence of "The Citadel" at Charleston, and contact with men in
active life, as inspiring and determining influences in his career.
His life as a planter and farmer led him to take an early interest
in the development of the agriculture of his state. He is a life
member of the South Carolina Agricultural society. His political
affiliations have always been with the Democratic party. In
religious convictions he is with the Methodist church. He has
been fond of exercise on horseback; and he also finds relaxation
and amusement in driving, and in reading current literature.
If he were asked to suggest to the boys and young men of
his state the two qualities which would most certainly contribute
to their success in life, he would name "honesty and punctuality."
The address of Mr. Bouknight is Johnston, South Carolina.
DAVID FRANKLIN BRADLEY
BRADLEY, DAVID FRANKLIN, editor of the "Pickens
Sentinel," member of the house of representatives of
South Carolina from 1874 to 1878, and of the senate of
South Carolina from 1878 to 1882, has been actively identified
with the development of the material interests and the social and
political welfare of his county and state for the last forty years.
He was born at Pickens, on the 5th of September, 1842, the son
of Joel Bradley, a farmer, captain and major in the state militia,
a man remembered as "scrupulously honest, and charitable." His
great-grandfather, Asa Bradley, was of English descent and had
settled in Virginia before the Revolutionary war.
Reared on a farm, early learning to do all kinds of work
usually required of a farmer's boy, in his boyhood he had good
health, and he found his strongest interests (apart from farm
work) in reading and hunting. His mother, whose influence on
his moral and spiritual life has always been strong, early imparted
to him a love for the Bible and an interest in reading history.
His opportunities for study in school were few, and his education
he acquired chiefly through private reading, and later by himself
teaching school; but he feels that the most valuable part of his
education has come to him through his experience as an editor in
publishing a newspaper. His work as a man he began as school
commissioner of Pickens county, and a little later as the founder
and subsequently the editor of the "Pickens Sentinel." He
entered the Southern army soon after the outbreak of the War
between the States, and served from 1861 to 1864, as private,
orderly sergeant, and lieutenant. He was in many engagements,
and he was wounded three times. He lost his left arm in the
battle of the Wilderness.
After the war, the breadth of his interest in all that con-
cerned his community and his county is shown in the fact that
he was not only farmer, school commissioner, and publisher and
editor of a newspaper, but he also represented his county in the
South Carolina house of representatives from 1874 to 1878, and
in the state senate from 1878 to 1882. He was for six years a
director of the penitentiary of the state; he was collector of
34 DAVID FRANKLIN BRADLEY
internal revenue during Cleveland's first administration; he has
long served as school trustee; he is a director in the Easley cotton
mill, and was formerly president of a cotton and oil mill, as well
as director in other corporations. He is a member of the Pres-
byterian church, and a ruling elder in that body. He finds his
amusement and relaxation in reading and in social intercourse
with his neighbors. From his earliest manhood he has been
identified with the Democratic party, as citizen and editor. He
has felt it his duty to "contribute what influence and ability he
possessed in helping to rid the state of carpet-bag and negro
domination, and in shaping legislation for the upbuilding of the
state after the white people had gained the ascendancy again."
On November 3, 1865, he married Miss Mary Barbara
His life illustrates the wide reach of influence for good which
is possible for the editor of a newspaper who will devote himself
in all right ways to the public service.
PETER LINDSY BREEDEN
BREEDEN, PETER LINDSY, merchant and planter, of
Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South Carolina, was born
in that county on November 24, 1832, the son of a planter,
Linclsy Breeden, who was county commissioner, school trustee,
etc., and in his private business had uniformly shown himself
public-spirited, energetic and practical. His ancestors had come
from England and settled in Maryland and Virginia in ante-
Of delicate health in his boyhood, he felt from his earliest
years an interest in "trade and all things that pertain to trade."
He says that his early life was passed "in the country, working
on a farm, where I did any and everything that came to hand
except ditch and split rails, and I guess it was the making of me."
His schooling was limited to two or three months in each year,
in a poorly taught country school. But he qualified himself to
become (in 1853) the teacher of a country school. He feels that
home, industry, and contact with energetic, successful and honor-
able business men, have been the strongest influences in his life.
In 1855 he became clerk in a general merchandise business
at Bennettsville. At the outbreak of the War between the States
he entered the Southern army and served for four years. He
was captain of Company E, Fourth South Carolina volunteers,
cavalry, and was wounded at Hawes Shop, Virginia, May 28,
1864. Returning to Bennettsville, he engaged again in trade;
and he has been identified with many of the most important
business enterprises of his town and county.
With others he contributed money to organize and start what
is now the graded school of Bennettsville. In 1883 he was elected
president of the South Carolina Pacific railroad. The ground
had not been broken. Nothing had been done. He conducted
negotiations with the Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley railroad;
closed contracts and went to work; and by the end of 1884 he
had the road ready for business. He was a stockholder and
director of the first oil mill in Bennettsville. He contributed to
the capital of the first cotton mill, assisted in its organization,
and was a director from the time it was started until the merger
38 PETER LINDSY BREEDEN
of cotton mill interests in 1903. For the last twenty years, and
since its organization, he has been a director and stockholder in
the Bank of Marlboro, and he is now vice-president of that bank.
He has also served as county commissioner; he has been mayor
and alderman of his town in past years, and has declined to serve
again in these positions, believing that it is wiser to "make
way for younger and more active men." He has never been a
candidate for a place in the state legislature, but has declined
repeatedly when solicited to accept a nomination, and once, when
without his consent he had been nominated for the legislature,
he refused to run.
He believes in "doing his part in a quiet way" for the public
welfare and the political interests of his town and county.
Connected with the Democratic party; a Mason for forty-
three years ; and inclined by religious conviction to the Methodist
church; he has found his exercise and relaxation in riding,
driving and "looking after his business and his surroundings."
The degree of success which he has attained as a business
man and a public-spirited citizen should command attention to
this advice which he offers to young Carolinians : "Be honest and
truthful; keep sober; be ambitious to excel; practice economy;
cultivate energy; and give your entire time and thoughts and
strength to your undertakings ; if you do this, and are helped by
a little common sense, I guarantee success in whatever line you
choose. Always keep good company."
His address is Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South Caro-
ASHBEL GREEN BRIGE
BRICE, ASHBEL GREEN, lawyer, was born in Chester
county, South Carolina, April 7, 1854. His parents were
Robert Wilson and Anna M. (Steele) Brice. His father
was a minister of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church,
a man of strong mind, excellent judgment and high character, a
leading minister of the section and highly esteemed not only by
his congregation but also by all who knew him. His mother, a
graduate of the Female seminary, Washington, Pennsylvania,
was a woman of excellent qualities of mind and heart, who
exerted a strong influence for good in the community in which
she lived. The earlier ancestors of Mr. Brice were of Scotch-
Irish blood. Several of them settled in the upper part of South
Carolina, and were influential in the early days of the state.
His paternal great-grandfather emigrated from County Antrim,
Ireland, and settled in Fairfield county about 1780. He was a
tailor by trade and became a large land owner. He married
Jane, a daughter of Robert Wilson, who was then living in the
vicinity and was said to belong to the family of Wilsons who
came from Ireland in 1733 and settled in Williamsburg county.
Robert Wilson was an earnest patriot. He was so severely tor-
tured by the Tories that the scars which resulted from his injuries
remained until his death.
The grandfather of the subject of this sketch was born in
1791 ; married Margaret Simonton, whose father came to South
Carolina from Pennsylvania, during the Revolutionary war,
intending to join the Continental army under General Greene,
but instead he joined the command of General Sumter, and took
part in the battle of Brattonsville and other engagements in the
state. He had twelve children, all of whom lived to maturity
and left descendants. The father of Ashbel Brice was born July
2, 1826, was graduated from Erskine college and studied theology
at Erskine seminary and at Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He was
married, March 4, 1850, to Anna M. Steele, whose father, the
Reverend John Steele, was a noted minister of the Associate
Reformed Presbyterian church.
42 ASHBEL GREEN BRICE
Ashbel Brice spent his childhood and youth in the country
and on a farm. In accordance with the custom of the time, his
father, though a minister, was also a farmer, as the meager salary
paid in those days was not sufficient to enable the preacher to
support a family. Ashbel was one of ten children and from very
early years was engaged in the work that falls to a boy on a farm.
In his eleventh year the war closed, and as the negroes had been
made free, he was obliged to take up a regular course of farm
work. He paid special attention to the care of live stock, and
worked in the garden, but in his sixteenth year he took his place
as a full plough hand in the field. He had little time for social
enjoyment, and, as the neighborhood was sparsely settled, he had
very few companions of his own age. He was taught by his
mother and did not attend school until after his sixteenth year,
when he began to prepare for college. The particular pleasures
of his boyhood he mentions as going to singing school after the
summer crops were laid by, attending an occasional wedding, and
the infrequent gatherings of the younger people of the com-
munity. At this time he read but few books, but was deeply
interested in the daily papers. He studied for awhile in the
neighborhood schools, and in the autumn of 1872 he entered the
sophomore class of Erskine college. In the sophomore and junior
years he stood first in his class, and in the senior year he won
three of the five medals that had been offered to the class. After
he was graduated he taught school one year in Newberry county.
In December, 1876, he began the study of law in the office of
Colonel James H. Eion, at Winnsboro, South Carolina. The
following year he was admitted to practice and opened an office
in Winnsboro, but his father's health having failed, he soon
returned to the old home, where he remained until his father's
death, in March, 1878. He managed the farm during most of
that year, but in November he commenced law practice in Chester,
and in January, 1879, he permanently located in that town.
Mr. Brice never sought practice in the criminal courts and
has appeared in only a few cases in the court of sessions, pre-
ferring to give his time and attention to civil cases. He was
of a quiet and somewhat retiring disposition, but he soon gained
the confidence of the community and there was only a brief period
of waiting for clients. During the last twenty-five years he has
appeared in a large proportion of the most important civil cases
ASHBEL GREEN BRICE 43
tried at the Chester bar, and, either alone or in connection with
local counsel, he has taken part in the trial of many cases in
the courts of neighboring counties. From December, 1893, to
January, 1900, he was general counsel of the Carolina and North-
western railway. During this time he planned and secured the
reorganization of the old Chester and Lenoir railroad, now the
Carolina and Northwestern railway, and thereby enabled the
home people who had built the road to save most of the money
which they had invested therein. He was counsel in matters
pertaining both to the reorganization of the company and to the
operation of the road, and, with the assistance of local counsel,
had charge of all the litigation for and against the company in
South and North Carolina. He was one of the original directors
of the Exchange bank, of Chester, and for most of the time from
its organization to December, 1899, was its legal adviser. On the
date last named he was elected president of the Commercial bank,
of Chester, which had just been organized, and he retains this
position at the present time (1907). He has been a director in
several other business and manufacturing corporations in or near
Chester, and has also maintained his legal practice.
In December, 1883, Mr. Brice was married to Miss Sallie L.
Miller, youngest daughter of the Reverend Doctor John and Mrs.
Sarah (Pressly) Miller, of Camden, Alabama. She is a woman
of highly cultured intellect, varied accomplishments and untiring
energy. Adding to these a happy disposition, she has proven a
true helpmeet to her husband, and is the center of a circle of
helpful services in the social and church life of her adopted city
By nature and disposition Mr. Brice has never been an active
politician, but he has always voted and acted with the Democratic
party. In 1892, without solicitation on his part, he was elected
to the legislature from his county. He served in the regular
sessions of 1892 and 1893, and then in January, 1894, resigned his
office, for the reason that holding it interfered with his privileges
as general counsel of a railway company, which position he had
recently accepted. In the fall of 1894 he was strongly solicited
to stand for reelection, but declined to be a candidate. In Novem-
ber, 1906, he was again elected a member of the state legislature.
Mr. Brice has always been an active advocate of free common
school education. He has served for many years on the board
44 ASHBEL GREEN BRICE
of school trustees in his city, and for the most of the time as its
chairman. He has shown a sincere interest in the elevation and
education of the colored race. Without solicitation or suggestion
from himself, he was elected by the legislature one of the trustees
of the Industrial and Mechanical college for negroes when it was
organized in 1896, and has by reelection since served on this
Like many people of Scotch-Irish descent, Mr. Brice was
reared in the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church. He has
long been a member and officer of that body, and after the death
of his father, in 1878, he was elected to succeed him as treasurer
of the synod, and up to the present time he has managed the
general and home mission funds of that body with marked
success. While loyal to his church and her institutions, he has
always recognized the full equality and fraternity of all other
evangelical churches, and is catholic and conservative in his views
of religion. He has a clear and logical mind and a sound and
discriminating judgment; is conscientious, careful and pains-
taking in all his work; and is recognized by the bar as a safe
and strong lawyer. He is a man of decided character, and he
stands for law and order in all things. In disposition he is
retiring and modest, but he is firm and courageous in the perform-
ance of every duty. Strict morals, plodding industry, practical
economy and an abiding faith are the elements that lie at the
foundation of the success he has made of life.
The address of Mr. Brice is Chester, South Carolina.
JAMES ALBERT BROCK
BROCK, JAMES ALBERT, son of Andrew J. and Eliza-
beth Ann Brock, was born in Anderson county, South
Carolina, February 11, 1847. His father was a merchant,
characterized by generosity, fair dealing, and a disposition to
Mr. Brock's paternal great-grandfather, Reuben Brock,
migrated from Scotland to Virginia in the seventeenth century,
moving later to South Carolina. Mr. Brock's maternal grand-
parents also came from Virginia.
Albert enjoyed a normal boyhood, the first seven years of
his life being spent on a farm, the next ten in a village. He was
healthy and strong. His reading was directed by his mother, by
whom his attention was early turned to the Bible. Her influence
on his life, intellectual, moral and spiritual, and especially on the
latter, was strong and helpful.
Young Brock obtained an education only through difficulties.
The war came at the time when the youth should have been in
school; and the absence of the father and older brother in the
army required that Albert should help support the family. His
active life work began in 1860, when he became clerk to a mer-
chant in Honea Path, South Carolina. In entering upon this
work he was not following a special bent, but simply accepting
what offered. In 1866 he began bookkeeping in Anderson. In
1869 he accepted the position of auditor and paymaster of the
Greenville and Columbia railroad, removing to Columbia. He
was elected cashier of the bank in Anderson in 1872; eighteen
years later he was made president of the bank. In 1889 the
Anderson Cotton mills were organized, and he was elected presi-
dent. In 1903 he was elected president of the Brogon mills, and
in 1904 was made president of the Anderson Traction company,
organized at that time. He was also president of the Anderson
Oil and Fertilizer company for sixteen years until its absorption,
in 1901, by the Anderson Phosphate and Oil company.
Mr. Brock is also a director of the Bank of Anderson, the
Citizens bank of Honea Path, the Anderson Cotton mills, the
Brogon mills, the Toxaway mills, the Charleston and Western
48 JAMES ALBERT BROCK
Carolina railroad, the Baltimore Mutual Fire Insurance company,
the Anderson Phosphate and Oil company, the Anderson Traction
company, the Anderson Real Estate and Improvement company,
the Anderson Real Estate and Investment company, the Acme
Drug company, the Anderson Water, Light and Power company,
and the Standard Warehouse company.
Eor years Mr. Brock has been prominent in business circles
of his state. Under his able management the National Bank of
Anderson enjoyed remarkable success, attaining third rank among
the banks of the South and seventh in the United States as to
the book value of its stock. His business career has been marked
by unusual activity and success, and his life characterized by
integrity and usefulness in every sphere of duty, his church, the
Baptist, of which he is an active and official member, not excepted.
In politics he is a Democrat. He is also a member of the Masonic
fraternity. His advice to the young is: "Be religious; acquire
good habits, and deal uprightly always, as the merited good
opinion and confidence of leading men in a community is most
helpful to young men in life's battle."
Mr. Brock has been twice married: first, in 1873, to Miss
Copeland, who died eighteen months later; second, in 1881, to
Mrs. Davis, nee Reed. One child was born of each marriage;
both are now (1907) living.
Mr. Brock's address is 708 McDuffie street, Anderson, Ander-
son county, South Carolina.
PAUL THOMAS BRODIE
BRODIE, PAUL THOMAS, A. B., B. S., educator, and
civil engineer, was born near Leesville, Lexington county,
South Carolina, January 11, 1866, the son of T. F. Brodie
and Claudia Quattlebaum. His father was an enterprising and
successful business man, and at the time of his death, in 1871,
was senior member of the firms of T. F. Brodie & Company,
lumber manufacturers and dealers, and Brodie & Company, cotton
factors, in the city of Charleston, South Carolina. His marked
characteristics were gentleness and a retiring manner, coupled
with soundness of judgment, steadiness of purpose, and a personal
integrity that gained him recognition, wherever known, as the
"soul of honor." Before his death, however, he was led to make
business connections so unfortunate that, after his demise, his
family suffered the loss of almost all of the estate he had formed.
The paternal ancestors were Scotch, of the Brodie clan; the
maternal, German. The paternal great-grandfather left his home
in Scotland about 1780 and settled in Charleston, South Carolina.
The maternal great great-grandfather settled in North Carolina
before the Revolution. The maternal grandfather of the subject
of this sketch, General Paul Quattlebaum, was an officer in the
Florida war, was a signer of the ordinance of secession, and was
for many years prominent in state affairs. He died in 1890.
Owing to the losses referred to, young Brodie suffered embar-
rassments in acquiring an education and establishing himself in
life. But his love of knowledge was decided; and the influence
of a noble mother, glad to make every sacrifice for the good of
her children, was an unfailing source of inspiration and encour-
agement. After the death of the father the family made their
home with the grandfather Quattlebaum at his country residence
near Leesville, South Carolina. Here young Brodie gained much
practical information. He learned to do mending in the black-
smith shop at pleasure, acquired skill in working machinery in
the flouring and saw mills, and early became interested in elemen-
tary hydraulics and other engineering, all of which were to his
taste. His grandfather, though self-educated, was a practical
engineer in good standing, and before going to college young
Vol. II. S. C. 3.
50 PAUL THOMAS BRODIE
Brodie acquired considerable technical knowledge by association
with him, both in the field and in the office. His uncle, Colonel
P. J. Quattlebaum, of the United States corps of engineers, also
favored him with aid and encouragement.
After studying at home for some years he won, by competi-
tive examination, a cadetship in the South Carolina Military
academy. But lacking the advantages of good health and ade-
quate preparation, he soon left the military academy and entered
with zeal upon a course of systematic study in Stuart's Classical
academy, at Charleston. Later he entered Furman university,
at Greenville, South Carolina, and in 1887 was graduated with
the degrees of A. B. and B. S., having devoted special attention
to the study of mathematics under the noted Dr. C. H. Judson.
Choosing teaching as a profession, he first accepted the principal-
ship of the Lewiedale high school. After a year's service there
he was elected superintendent of the Lexington graded schools,
serving in that capacity for four years. In June, 1891, he became
superintendent of the Spartanburg city schools, remaining there
from 1891 to 1895. While engaged in school work he devoted
himself earnestly to the study of higher mathematics and civil
engineering, spending the vacations in post-graduate work in the
higher universities. In December, 1895, he was elected assistant
professor of mathematics in Clemson college; in 1897 he was
placed in charge of the civil engineering course; and in 1899 he
became professor of mathematics and civil engineering, which
position he now (1907) holds. His success he modestly ascribes
in a considerable measure to the generous help accorded him by
his grandfather Quattlebaum ; by Doctor C. H. Judson, who was
to him an unfailing source of inspiration while a student at
Furman university, not forgetting the skilful instruction afforded
him by Dr. W. M. Thornton, of the University of Virginia, and
others, while devoting his energies to the work of a preparation
for his chosen profession.
Though engaged principally in teaching, Professor Brodie
has done considerable engineering work of merit. He has also
served as a member of boards of education, as instructor in
teachers' institutes, as professor of mathematics in the state sum-
mer school, and as state director for the National Educational
association. His writings have been chiefly in the form of brief
articles on mathematical and engineering subjects. He is a
PAUL THOMAS BRODIE 51
member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity, and of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science, engineering section.
He was president of Clemson College Science club, and of the
South Carolina State Teachers' association, in 1905. He is a
member of the Baptist church. In politics he is a Democrat.
He was married, June 30, 1891, to Miss Isabel Bradford.
They have one son, Oren B. Brodie, aged fifteen, and an infant
daughter, Isabel, living in 1907.
The address of Professor Brodie is Clemson College, South
GEORGE WASHINGTON BROWN
BROWN, GEORGE WASHINGTON, of Darlington, South
Carolina, was born in Lancaster, July 22, 1857. His
father, Daniel W. Brown, was a planter, a man of gen-
erous and sympathetic nature, and open, frank disposition, quick
to resent, and quick to forgive. The earliest one of Mr. Brown's
known paternal ancestors in this country was Michael Hamilton,
of the Scottish clan of the McDonalds of Glencoe, who settled
in Massachusetts in 1712. Daniel McDonald removed from
Massachusetts to South Carolina in 1720, and took land on both
sides of the Catawba river, at a place which has been known for
generations as Brown's Ferry. One of his sons, William, was a
sergeant in the Colonial army in the War of the Revolution.
From another son, Middleton, George W. Brown is descended;
his family being thus of Scotch- Irish extraction.
On his mother's side, Mr. Brown is descended from English
ancestry through the Barnes family which settled in Massachu-
setts in 1630, just ten years after the landing of the Pilgrims.
The Southern branch of the family settled in Maryland in 1700,
and furnished names which were conspicuous on the rolls of honor
in the Revolutionary and the Mexican wars. Mr. Brown's uncle,
Honorable Dixon Barnes, represented Lancaster county in the
state senate, was colonel of the Twelfth South Carolina regiment
in the War between the States, and was killed in the battle of
Sharpsburg in 1862.
Enjoying fairly robust health in his youth, George W. Brown
entered heartily into such outdoor sports as hunting, riding and
fishing, and had the healthy boy's love of books of adventure.
Most of his time during these years was spent at his home in
Lancaster, until in 1872 he entered Wofford college, from which
he was graduated four years later with the degree of Bachelor
Mr. Brown feels that he owes much of the best inspiration
of his life's achievement to the professors under whom he studied
in Wofford college, and especially to the two college presidents
there, Dr. A. M. Shipp and Dr. James H. Carlisle. The influence
of men like these deeply influenced his life and character, while
contact with men of prominence in active business and profes-
GEORGE WASHINGTON BROWN 53
sional pursuits since his youth has acted as a stimulus to personal
ambition. But back of the influences of college days was the
enduring power of the pure and wholesome surroundings of his
home and his early school. In Mr. Brown's view, it is ultimately
the influence of home which is predominant and ineradicable.
After graduating from college, Mr. Brown studied law at
intervals, as he had opportunity, under W. A. Moore, of Lan-
caster, and A. C. Spain, of Darlington. While studying law,
he was at the same time acting as principal of the school at
Timmonsville (1877-78). In September, 1878, he removed to
Darlington, and for a year acted as deputy clerk of court, in the
meantime pursuing his legal studies. After September, 1879, he
devoted his entire time to the study of law until his admission
to the bar in May, 1880. Four years previously, when he was
nineteen years of age, though at the time neither a candidate nor
an aspirant for public office, he had spoken upon every political
platform in the county of Lancaster in furtherance of the great
movement for good government in 1876. After his removal to
Darlington, in 1878, Mr. Brown for many years was secretary
and treasurer of the county executive committee of the Demo-
cratic party, until, on the retirement of Mr. John W. Williamson
as chairman of the executive committee, Mr. Brown succeeded
him in that office, which he held until 1886.
He was a member of the South Carolina house of represen-
tatives from 1884 to 1886. He served as state senator for two
terms, from 1898 to 1902, and again from 1902 to 1906. In
connection with his senatorial duties he was a member of such
important committees as the judiciary committee, and the com-
mittee on education, of which latter he was chairman. While
in the senate he was an ex officio trustee of South Carolina college
and of the Winthrop Normal and Industrial college. He was
elected major (line officer) of the Fourth regiment of South
Carolina militia, and later was lieutenant-colonel of the same
regiment, until his resignation in 1890.
Mr. Brown has always retained his interest in such active,
outdoor sports as hunting and fishing. His genial disposition
and social qualities have led to his membership in many fraternal
organizations, including the Free Masons. He has been twice
married: in 1881, to Minnie Caldwell Lawrence, of Tuscaloosa,
Alabama; and September 14, 1892, to Harriet Mclver Ervin.
His address is Darlington, South Carolina.
RANDOLPH RIDGELY BROWN
BROWN, RANDOLPH RIDGELY, manufacturer, and
man of affairs, was born April 14, 1847, near the site of
Pacolet mills, in the county that has always been his
home; the son of William P. and Milbry (Jones) Brown, and
grandson of John Brown, who came from England to Virginia
and removed to Spartanburg county at the age of fourteen.
William P. Brown was a man of strong Christian character, a
close student of the Bible, a hard and constant worker, and it
was natural that the son should be trained in habits of faithful
industry. At the same time, the mother's influence was most
marked in his intellectual as well as moral and religious develop-
ment. To these home influences, which have remained with him
through his later life, he attributes his success, especially as
manifested in his repeated appointment to positions of honor and
As the War between the States called for renewed sacrifices
by the citizens of the state, he joined a number of other young
men and gave a year of service in the army, first as private, then
as corporal. When mustered out, in common with others, he faced
the general destitution; but, with high ambition, he set himself
to contribute his share to the solution of the hard problems with
which his people had to deal. He had always had a taste for
mercantile life, and entered upon it in Union county in 1868.
He now began to reap the advantage of his reading on agriculture
and manufacturing. Turning his attention to the manufacture
of cotton goods, he occupied successive positions, of increasing
responsibility, successfully, and since 1890 he has been president
and treasurer of the Cowpens Manufacturing company. He is
also vice-president of the Merchants and Planters bank, Gaffney,
South Carolina, and director of the First National and American
National banks, Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Broadened by contact with men in active life, he has taken
a deep interest in public matters, and has been repeatedly called
to the mayoralty of his native city, furnishing a notable illus-
tration of the type of man to whom South Carolina owes much.
RANDOLPH RIDGELY BROWN 57
He is a member of the Baptist church. In politics he is a
He was married April 14, 1874, to Louisa H. Wood. They
have had six children, of whom four are living in 1907.
The secret of his own success is found in his counsel to young
men, "to seize every opportunity by the forelock; closely apply
themselves to duty; lead Christian lives, and use every moment
to some benefit."
His address is Cowpens, Spartanburg county, South Carolina.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER BROWN
BROWN, WILLIAM ALEXANDER, planter, legislator,
and member of the state board of education, was born in
Marion, South Carolina, the son of Travis Foster Brown,
a farmer, "public-spirited, religious, very successful, and a lover
of education." His mother, Martha Baker Brown, died while
he was an infant. Her ancestors, coming from England, were
among the early settlers in Marion county. His great-grand-
father, William Baker, served as colonel in the Revolutionary
Since Mr. Brown is best known throughout his native state
as an advocate of the best attainable public schools for all the
children, and has done much to influence the public sentiment of
his state in favor of compulsory education, and of the provision
of uniform text-books (free to needy children) in all the public
schools, and in favor of centralizing country schools and trans-
porting children to such schools in wagonettes it is interesting
to see how important was the part played in his own boyhood by
determined effort to secure an education, and how steadily his
father and the boy himself made the attainment of an education
for the young a consideration of the first importance in all their
Mr. Brown says of himself : "There has been nothing striking
or unusual in my life. It has been one of constant labor. Early
in life my father taught me to employ all my time in doing some-
thing." "I was about fourteen years old when my father went
into the army. A younger brother and myself were the only
members of the family at home. With a trusty old negro, whom
my father had employed, I managed the large farm and about
fifty negroes. When my father was not in the war it was my
almost daily occupation to take an old gray mule and buggy and
carry a part of their journey soldiers who were on their way
home or who were returning to the army. At the close of the
war we were almost broken up; but my father never became
discouraged. He went to work, and we helped him. My father
and I worked and denied ourselves that I might attend college.
He was anxious and determined, above all else, to educate his
WILLIAM ALEXANDER BROWN 59
children. I went to the Marion high school for a few months,
and then to Wofford preparatory school for one year, and then
to Wofford college, from which I was graduated in June, 1874,
receiving from my class the honor of delivering the valedictory.
During the entire four years at college I did not miss a single
roll call or chapel service."
After leaving college, Mr. Brown taught for two years,
intending to take up the study and practice of medicine. Health
failed him. He began farming, "with the poorest sort of a
prospect of success." He says: "I bought an old mule for forty-
five dollars, did my own ploughing, made eight bales of cotton.
From this I began to enlarge my farm, and every year made
something clear." In 1880 he was elected to the legislature,
serving two years; and he was elected again in 1884. In 1892
he was elected to the state senate, and in 1896 he was reflected
He married Miss Eliza Clark, November 27, 1889. They
have four children living in 1907.
He served for four years on the state board of education.
While in the state senate he was for six years chairman of the
senate committee upon education.
He is a member of the Methodist church. He is identified
with the Democratic party. He attributes his early determina-
tion to succeed in life more to the example of his father and to
close intercourse with him than to any other source.
Among the citizens of South Carolina who have seen most
distinctly that the best interests of the state they love require a
thorough system of public schools with the best facilities, sup-
ported by a law enforcing compulsory education, Mr. Brown has
taken a most honorable place.
Asked to suggest to his young fellow- citizens of his state
methods and habits which in his belief will contribute to the
strengthening of sound ideals in American life, he says: "Have
a purpose in life, and work up to it. Industry and temperance
are essential. Be patient in working and waiting for results.
Do the right always, and never compromise with wrong or evil."
His address is Marion, South Carolina.
JOHN GENDRON GAPERS
GAPERS, JOHN GENDRON, United States commissioner
of internal revenue, was born at Anderson, South Caro-
lina, April 17, 1866. His father, the Right Reverend
Ellison Capers, is the Protestant Episcopal bishop of South
Carolina, who served as major, lieutenant-colonel, colonel, and
brigadier-general in the Confederate States army, and was
severely wounded in several engagements, was secretary of the
state of South Carolina from 1867 to 1868, and entered the
Protestant Episcopal ministry in 1867. His mother, Charlotte
Rebecca (Palmer) Capers, was a collateral descendant of General
Francis Marion. On his father's side he numbers Captain Wil-
liam Capers and Bishop William Capers of the Methodist Church,
South, among his ancestors and kinsmen.
His boyhood was passed in the town of Greenville, South
Carolina. Under the strong and loving influence of a mother
whose touch upon his moral and spiritual life he has always felt,
and a father who seemed to his son, as he expresses it, "a man of
great wisdom and loving kindness in dealing with his fellowmen,
of the highest integrity of character and of patriotism and
courage, both moral and personal," the years of his boyhood were
passed in study, with a great fondness from the first for history
and particularly for biography; while a genuine boy's interest
in the green things growing in the garden, and in the horses and
the life of the place generally, at home, prevented studies from
filling the whole horizon of his life, and early taught him to
do some things with his own hands. He studied at Professor
Mazyck's school, at Greenville; at Captain Patrick's military
school, and at Doctor Porter's school (the Holy Communion
Church institute), and the Citadel academy, in Charleston. He
was graduated in law at Columbia, South Carolina, and was
admitted to the bar before the supreme court in 1887. He was
superintendent of education for Greenville county from 1887
to 1889. In 1893 he acted as editor of the Columbia "Daily
Journal." For seven years, from 1894 to 1901, he was assistant
United States attorney at Washington, District of Columbia, and
in 1901 he was appointed United States district attorney for
JOHN GENDRON CAPERS 63
South Carolina, with his office at Charleston, in which office he
served for one term.
When his successor as United States district attorney assumed
the duties of that office, Mr. Capers' law office was at Greenville,
South Carolina, and he in addition opened a law office in Wash-
ington, District of Columbia, devoting his time to the practice
of law in both places.
He was engaged in the practice of law in this way, when,
in June, 1907, President Roosevelt appointed him United States
commissioner of internal revenue, upon the resignation of
Honorable J. W. Yerkes, of Kentucky. Mr. Capers accepted the
office for the short term, with the statement and understanding
that he preferred the practice of law to government service, even
in so high a position.
At first identified with the Democratic party, upon the
nomination of Bryan in 1896 he became a supporter of McKinley
and joined the Republican party. He shared in the campaign
for McKinley and Roosevelt in 1900. He was delegate at large
from South Carolina to the National Republican convention at
Chicago in 1904, and he has been a member of the Republican
national committee since 1904.
In 1889, Mr. Capers was married to Miss Sue Keels, sister
of his brother Frank's wife, and daughter of John M. and Susan
Maxwell Keels, of South Carolina. Always frail of health, she
lived little more than a year. Six years after her death, Mr.
Capers married Miss Lilla Trenholm, daughter of Frank H. and
Mary E. Trenholm, of Charleston, South Carolina, and a grand-
daughter of George A. Trenholm, who was secretary of the
Confederate States treasury in President Davis' cabinet.
There are no living children by the first marriage. By the
second marriage there are two daughters, Charlotte Palmer,
eleven years of age, and Frances Trenholm, eight years of age,
at this time (1907).
Mr. Capers is a Master Mason, and a Knight of Pythias.
He is a member of the college fraternity of Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
and has been president of the fraternity and editor of its journal,
"The Record." His church relations are with the Protestant
Episcopal Church of America. He has found his exercise and
relaxation, he says, "in the general out-of-door work about my
64 JOHN GENDRON CAPERS
little country summer home at Cedar Mountain, North Carolina."
He declines to offer to his young fellow-citizens advice based
upon his own experience in life, in these words: "As I am not
yet forty years of age, I am myself trying to grow older and
wiser in the light of other men's examples."
MARK LEE CARLISLE
CARLISLE, MARK LEE, D. D., preacher and pastor,
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, now of Marion,
South Carolina, was born at Pendleton, Anderson county,
South Carolina, October 13, 1863. He is the son of the Reverend
John Mason Carlisle, "a quiet man, of few words, a clear thinker
and a strong preacher." His mother was Elizabeth Catherine
(Sharp) Carlisle, and her son declares of her: "My mother has
been the largest factor in my life." When he speaks of his "first
ambition to be a man 'worth while,' " he mentions the inspiring
influence of two of his former teachers, John S. Moore, of Ben-
nettsville, South Carolina, and Doctor Charles Forster Smith,
now of the University of Wisconsin; but he adds, "first and
chiefest, was always my mother." His father's ancestors came
from Ireland about a hundred years ago.
His boyhood was passed "mainly in towns," and he early
showed a marked taste for reading and study; and in boyhood,
as well as through his youth and manhood, his favorite reading
has been "history, biographies, travel, and, above all, the Bible."
After studying in the common schools and at home, he entered
Wofford college, and was graduated (A. B.) in 1883. In Sep-
tember of that year he took up the work of a school teacher in
Orangeburg county; and he continued to teach there, and at
Marion, South Carolina, and in Union county, until December,
1886, at which time he was received into the ministry of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, a member of the South Car-
olina conference. During the twenty years since his ordination
as preacher of the Gospel, Doctor Carlisle has filled the following
pastorates: Clifton circuit, 1887; Walhalla circuit, 1888-1890;
Camden, 1891-1894; Chester, 1895-1896; Central church, Spar-
tanburg, 1897-1900; Washington Street church, Columbia, 1901-
1904; Bethel church, Charleston, 1905-1906, and the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, Marion, South Carolina, at the present
In June, 1901, Wofford college conferred upon him the
honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity. He has been a member
of the board of missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
66 MARK LEE CARLISLE
South, since 1902. He has been chairman of the South Carolina
conference board of missions since 1903. He is a member of
the Chi Phi college fraternity. His convictions have led to his
identification with the Democratic party. He has given some
attention to physical culture, believing that it is every man's duty
to keep his body in good condition, that it may be the efficient
servant of his mind and will; but he has never been a devotee
of athletics. He finds his favorite exercise and relaxation in
gardening, and, when opportunity offers, in mountain climbing.
To the youth of South Carolina he commends: "Truth, purity,
sincerity, modesty, and a determination to be and to do the best,
with a moral and genuinely religious life."
ROBERT THURLOW GASTON
G ASTON, ROBERT THURLOW, lawyer and banker, like
many another successful practitioner of the law, began
his active work in life as a school teacher. While he
is a native of South Carolina, he taught school for some years,
first in Kentucky and then in Texas. But through all these six
years of teaching he was steadfast in his purpose ultimately to
follow the profession of the law. He says: "I expected to prac-
tice law from my earliest recollection." In answer to the request
to estimate the relative strength upon his life of the influences
of home, school, early companionships, private study, and contact
with men in active life, he writes that with him the influence of
home was strongest; next he would rank the effect upon his life
of his intercourse with active and successful men; private study
ranks third with him, and his course of study in school he places
fourth in order of importance.
He is the son of W. Thurlow Caston, a lawyer, and of Sarah
A. (Bryce) Caston. His father's ancestors emigrated from Wales
to the United States before the Revolutionary period; and soon
after the War of the Revolution the earliest known American
ancestor of his mother settled in South Carolina, coming from
In his efforts to acquire an education he had to depend in
no small degree upon his own efforts.
He was born at Camden, South Carolina. Attendance at the
schools of Spartanburg preceded his entrance to Wofford college,
from which he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1871,
receiving the degree of A. M. three years later.
When he had completed a course of law studies preparatory
to admission to the bar, he began the practice of law as partner
of the late Chief Justice Mclver, in December, 1876, at Cheraw.
In addition to the duties which have devolved upon him in
the care of his professional business and in safeguarding the
interests of his clients, Mr. Caston has served as president of
the Bank of Cheraw since November, 1889.
68 ROBERT THTJRLOW CASTON
While he has not held political office, he declares himself to
be a "Democrat, straight out," and he has "never changed his
party allegiance, though tempted so to do."
He is identified with the Methodist church.
The address of Mr. Caston is Cheraw, South Carolina.
WILLIAM ERNEST GHESWELL
CHESWELL, WILLIAM EKNEST, president of the
Cheswell Cotton mill, of Westminster, South Carolina,
is a type of the adopted sons of South Carolina who,
coming into the state with the development of manufactures in
recent years, have added so largely to the business enterprise and
prosperity of the commonwealth. He was born at Newmarket,
Rockingham county, New Hampshire, on November 11, 1858, the
only son of his parents, Charles Allen and Sarah Rogers Cheswell.
His great-grandfather, Wentworth Cheswell, served in the Con-
tinental army. The Cheswell ancestry in America dates back to
Paul Cheswell, a native of New Hampshire in 1720.
After studying at Newmarket high school he began work in
his chosen line of life (that of the manufacture of cotton goods)
in the number four mill of the Newmarket Manufacturing com-
pany, as oiler and band boy of the ring spinning room. From
the first he was a critical observer of all the processes of the mill,
and he interested himself in visiting as many as possible of the
mills of New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Maine, while he was
still a very young man. After a few years of mill work, he
took a position with the Saco Water Power company, in erecting
cotton machinery, that he might fit himself more fully to become
a manager of mills and a manufacturer. In 1885 he was engaged
as overseer of spinning and dressing in the Gibson Cotton mills,
at Marysville, New Brunswick, remaining there until July, 1888,
when he went to the St. Croix Cotton mills, at Milltown, New
Brunswick, a mill with a very large range of pattern work.
Attracted by the opportunities offered in the South for young
men of ability in the line of cotton manufacturing, Mr. Cheswell
accepted the position of superintendent of the Georgia Manu-
facturing company, at Whitehall, Georgia, in January, 1890, and
remained with them until November, 1892. He was superin-
tendent of the Laboratory mills, at Lincolnton, North Carolina,
from November, 1892, until January 1, 1894, at which time he
accepted the position of general manager of the Courtenay Manu-
facturing company, Newry, South Carolina, of which William
A. Courtenay was president and promoter. He took charge of
Vol. II. S. C. 4.
72 WILLIAM ERNEST CHESWELL
the work at Newry before the mill buildings and the dam were
completed. He superintended the completion of the buildings
and the installation of machinery, and started the mill on print
cloths. Those who have watched the development of cotton
manufacture in the South will remember that the Courtenay
Manufacturing company was one of the first mills in the South
to start manufacturing on number 28 warp, number 36 filling.
On December 12, 1899, the Cheswell Cotton Mill company, at
Westminster, South Carolina, was organized by Mr. Cheswell,
who was elected president and general manager of the new mill
and company, while he still retained the superintendency of the
Courtenay Manufacturing company, but fourteen miles distant.
In July, 1900, as the result of overwork and exposure, from his
double duties while he was completing the Cheswell mill and
installing its machinery, Mr. Cheswell was taken seriously ill,
and was compelled to resign his connection with the Courtenay
September, 1900, saw the Cheswell mill ready for its equip-
ment. Few, if any, of the cotton mills in the South, of anything
like its size, have been built so quickly. Mr. Cheswell designed
the entire plant, and has equipped it with all the known modern
appliances for producing the best goods at a minimum cost. He
personally superintended the construction, equipment and starting
of the mill; and although it began to turn out goods at a time
when old-fashioned firms found it difficult to sell their goods in
an overstocked market, the Cheswell mill soon secured a ready
market for its entire production, and at remunerative prices.
Mr. Cheswell is still (1907) president and general manager
of the mill which bears his name. He devotes himself with
singleness of purpose to the business enterprise he has in hand.
And he conducts that enterprise by methods and upon principles
which he believes will inure to the economic profit and the social
welfare of the state and of the community in which the mill is
Identified with the Democratic party, in his religious con-
victions he is affiliated with the Baptist church. He is a Mason,
an Odd Fellow, a Knight of Pythias.
WILLIAM ERNEST CHESWELL 73
Those who are interested in the prosperity of his community
and his county regard Mr. Cheswell as a strong addition to the
citizenship of his adopted state, since he is one of the best
equipped, strongest and most practically successful of the man-
agers of the new cotton mills in the South.
His address is Westminster, South Carolina.
WILLIAM FORGE CLAYTON
CLAYTON, WILLIAM FORCE, teacher, farmer, lawyer,
member of the state board of education, was born at
Athens, Georgia, August 17, 1843. His ancestors of
the Clayton family in Virginia, Delaware, North Carolina and
Georgia came from England and settled in these colonies; the
branch of the family from which he is descended settled in
Culpeper county, Virginia. The Harpers, with whom his grand-
father's family intermarried, were from Abbeville, South Caro-
lina. Through his father's mother he is descended from the
Carnes and the Armours, who came from Ireland. His great-
grandfather Carnes was a circuit judge; his grandfather, Augus-
tin S. Clayton, was a judge and a member of congress, and was
chairman of the first nullification meeting held in Georgia in
1832. An uncle, Judge George R. Clayton, was a candidate for
governor of Mississippi on the platform against repudiation when
that was the issue; but the opposing party won the election.
He is the son of Philip Clayton and Leonora Harper. Philip
Clayton was for some years second auditor and assistant secretary
of the United States treasury, residing at Washington, District
of Columbia, where most of the boyhood of William Force
Clayton was passed. His father was afterward consul at Callao,
Peru, where William Force Clayton acted as vice-consul. Philip
Clayton, his father, was also assistant secretary of the treasury
department of the Confederate States of America, during the
short existence of that government. He is remembered by his
son as a man "jovial in disposition, but strong in his affections,
with a high sense of honor, and very firm in his religious belief
a member of the Episcopal church."
William Force Clayton spent most of his boyhood at Wash-
ington, District of Columbia, attending the Union academy, the
Rugby academy, and other preparatory schools at Washington;
but the War between the States prevented his acquiring a colle-
giate education. As a boy he had had an especial interest in
matters connected with the navy ; and on the outbreak of the war
he entered the Confederate navy as midshipman, and as passed-
midshipman he served four years during the war. After the
WILLIAM FORCE CLAYTON 75
war he had some experience in the service of an express company
at Atlanta, Georgia; and after the failure of that company he
moved to Marion county, South Carolina, and taught school
during the years 1868 and 1869. From 1870 to 1892 he was a
farmer and planter. Having studied law, he was admitted to
the bar when nearly fifty years old; and after some experience
in the service of a railroad at Macon, Georgia, he began the
practice of law at Florence, South Carolina, in 1893. In 1895 he
was chosen a member of the Constitutional convention of South
Carolina. He has been magistrate, school trustee, clerk of the
board of county commissioners, member of the county board of
control; and for four years he has acted as member of the state
board of education of South Carolina.
In his political convictions he is a Democrat. He has all
his life been exceptionally fond of reading. His mother, whose
influence on his moral and spiritual life was strong, early made
the Bible, Shakespeare and some of the best English prose writers
his favorite reading; and as he grew older he became a constant
reader of the best English poetry. He has occasionally contrib-
uted articles to newspapers and to magazines. The exercise on
which he has depended to keep his health good he has taken "in
the care of a good garden." He reckons the influence of his early
home as the strongest power for good in his life. In his boyhood
and youth he saw much of the "statesmen of ante-bellum times,"
and from his acquaintance with these men he received an impulse
to make the most of his life. He says it has been the chief
ambition of his life "to do my duty in the sphere of life in which
I might be placed." "My ambition to be a naval officer was
ended with the fall of the Confederacy ; and as an humble citizen
I have made a living, have accumulated little, but having had
food and raiment, I have always been content." His family have
always been affiliated with the Episcopal church; and while his
convictions upon certain ideas and forms which are adhered to
by Christians of certain denominations have kept him from
becoming a member of any church, he says : "I recognize the fact
that the church is doing much good. I seldom go to church, but
I have all my children go, as they cannot contemplate the matter
as I do, and they might be led astray. I remain at home on
Sunday, read the Bible and other books and papers, and observe
76 WILLIAM FORCE CLAYTON
the day as a day of rest, and grieve to see it desecrated by
railroads and others while the church keeps silent."
His advice to the young people of his state is: "Fear God
and keep his commandments; be guided by principle; keep good
company; avoid liquor, cards and impurity; do unto others as
you would have them do unto you."
On December 22, 1869, Mr. Clayton married Miss Elizabeth
Brown. She died November 10, 1898. Of their eleven children,
eight are living in 1907.
His address is Florence, South Carolina.
ZEGHARIAH THORNTON CODY
CODY, REVEREND ZECHARIAH THORNTON, D. D.,
pastor of the First Baptist church of Greenville, South
Carolina, was born near Franklin, Henry county, Ala-
bama, on the 21st of May, 1858. His father, Reverend Edmund
Cod} 7 , was a minister of the Gospel and a planter, whose life was
marked by sanity, integrity and piety. His mother, Mrs. Sarah
(Henderson) Cody, was a true helpmeet to her husband. His
earliest ancestor in America was James Cody, who emigrated
from Ireland about 1740 and settled in Virginia.
Attending the country and village schools which were within
his reach in early boyhood, he fitted himself for college and
entered Mercer university at Macon, Georgia. After a year at
that institution he studied at Carson-Newman college, in Ten-
nessee ; but his college course was cut short by lack of funds, and
he did not take a degree. From 1883 to 1887 he was a student
in the Southern Baptist Theological seminary, at Louisville,
Kentucky, from which institution he received, in 1887, the degree
of Master of Theology. Looking back over his life from the
mature years of pastoral service, he feels that the books and the
lines of reading to which he owes most are the Bible, the writings
of Frederick Denison Maurice, and (in later years) Jonathan
Edwards, and Charles Darwin. He has received the honorary
degree of Doctor of Divinity from colleges in Missouri and
In 1887 he took up the work of the pastorate, preaching for
the Baptist church at Mays Lick, Kentucky. After 1885 he
served as pastor in Louisville, Kentucky, Mays Lick, Kentucky,
and Georgetown, Kentucky, where he had been a useful pastor
for twelve years when he accepted the call of the Baptist church
of Greenville, South Carolina, on November 1, 1901, the pastorate
which he now (1907) fills with the cordial support of his church
and the esteem of the community.
Doctor Cody has always been allied with the Democratic
party. He is a member of the Thirty-nine club, of Greenville,
South Carolina. His favorite form of out-of-door sport for exer-
cise has been baseball. He has contributed articles to newspapers
78 ZECHARIAH THORNTON CODY
and periodicals, some of which, with certain of his sermons, have
been published in pamphlet form.
On the 9th of November, 1887, he married Miss Susan
Isabella Anderson, daughter of Henry David Anderson, of Ken-
tucky. They have had two children, both of whom are living
To the young he says : "Above everything, a sound religious
and moral character is the chief element in success. Next to
this, habits of industry, wise economy, and true liberality. The
highest success is hardly possible without a thorough education;
and no young man is worthy of citizenship who does not take
an interest in all that pertains to the economic welfare and the
civic righteousness of our people."
Doctor Cody's address is McBee avenue, Greenville, South
HENRY KEMPER GOVINGTON
GOVINGTON, HENRY KEMPER, farmer and dairyman,
of Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South Carolina, was
born on the 28th of September, 1861, in the town where
he still resides. His father, Tristram Covington, was a planter,
"pensive and unobtrusive by temperament." He served for years
as county commissioner. His mother was Jane Covington, daugh-
ter of Thomas S. and Sarah Covington, of Marlboro county.
The family trace their descent from the Covingtons and Cooks,
who immigrated to the American colonies in the seventeenth
His boyhood was passed in the country. He had excellent
health. His taste, even in boyhood, was strongly for the study
of mathematics. While he was taught to have regular tasks
involving manual labor, he was fond of reading, particularly in
those branches of natural science which bear upon practical
agriculture. He attended the schools within reach of his home
and fitted himself for Wofford college, from which institution he
was graduated with the degree of B. S. in 1882, having given
especial attention to courses in chemistry, physics, analytical
geometry, and trigonometry.
His early home training was perhaps the influence which
was decisive with him in choosing farming as his life work. He
has given some especial attention to the work of dairy-farming;
but his principal work has been that of a farmer and planter.
He has invented a pea-huller which has had considerable sale.
On the 19th of November, 1883, Mr. Covington married Miss
Mary J. Fletcher; and some time after her death he married, on
the 20th of January, 1904, Miss N. O. Wells. He had three sons
by his first marriage, all of whom are living in 1907.
While at college he was a member of the Delta chapter of
the Kappa Alpha fraternity. In political relations he is identi-
fied with the Democratic party.
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
82 HENRY KEMPER COVINGTON
His favorite amusement and recreation is music, and he has
always been fond of playing the piano, finding in this devotion
to music delight, recreation and relief from the cares of business.
His advice to young South Carolinians who would succeed
is : "Select carefully your vocation ; pursue it assiduously. Shun
the common vices. Have confidence in God and your fellow-men.
Success will follow."
THEODORE GAILLARD CROFT
CEOFT, THEODORE GAILLARD, son of Theodore
Gaillard and Eliza Webb B'Oley Croft, was born at
Greenville, South Carolina, July 10, 1845. His father,
a physician and planter, was characterized by determination,
firmness and fearlessness, combined with great courtesy and kind-
ness of manner. Edward and John Croft, the earliest known
ancestors of T. G. Croft, migrated from the West Indies, or
direct from England, to Charleston, South Carolina, about 1700.
John Gaillard, uncle of Doctor Theodore Gaillard Croft, was
United States senator from South Carolina for twenty- four years.
Theodore Gaillard was judge in South Carolina for many years.
The subject of this sketch was in childhood healthy and
strong, fond of reading, but devoted to outdoor sports; his early
life was passed in the country. His duties were light, involving
nothing more than at times helping on the farm. The influence
of his mother upon his moral and spiritual life was strong and
helpful. His education was interrupted by the war; his pro-
fessional education he won only as a result of his own labor, no
pecuniary assistance coming to him from others. For reading
he was fond of biography, especially of the men who have
impressed themselves upon the world's history. The influences
which have affected him have chiefly been the teachings of home
life, supplemented by contact with men in the world outside.
He attended Pierce's school and also Furman university in
Greenville, South Carolina; these courses were supplemented by
study in the Citadel academy, Charleston, and in the University
Mr. Croft began the active work of life at Rome, Georgia,
in 1869, as superintendent of a draying outfit and of hauling
trucks. He continued in this work until 1871; from 1872 to
1873 he was outdoor superintendent of the Aetna Iron Works,
Georgia. From childhood, however, he had a strong desire to
be a physician. To fulfil this purpose he attended the Medical
College of South Carolina, at Charleston, and completed the
course, graduating March 5, 1875, valedictorian of his class.
Doctor Croft then became a general practitioner of medicine and
86 THEODORE GAILLARD CROFT
later was appointed surgeon for the Southern railway, a position
he still (1907) holds. He is examiner for all the principal life
insurance companies, and referee for two of them. He was
surgeon of the First regiment of South Carolina state troops for
eight or ten years. In 1902 he was made a member of the South
Carolina state board of medical examiners; from 1879 to date
(1907) he has been vestryman and warden of St. Thaddeus's
Episcopal church. He served in the Sixteenth regiment, Con-
federate States volunteers, and in the battalion of Citadel cadets
during the War between the States; about 1878 he became chair-
man of the Aiken Central Democratic club. For one year, from
1861 to 1862, he served as sergeant of the Sixteenth Confederate
States volunteers; and from 1862 to 1865 he was connected with
the South Carolina Military academy.
Doctor Croft is a member of the American Medical associa-
tion, of the Medical Association of South Carolina, of the Tri-
State Medical association, the Association of Surgeons of the
Southern railway, and of the Aiken County Medical association.
From 1901 to 1902 he was president of the South Carolina
Medical association, and in 1904 he became one of its councilors,
an office he still holds; in 1904 he was chosen vice-president of
the Aiken County Medical association. Doctor Croft is a Demo-
crat in politics. He finds recreation in fishing and hunting.
To the young he commends untiring devotion to the work of
their choice, allowing nothing to come before it; punctuality in
all business appointments, and fair and honest dealing with all.
Doctor Croft has been twice married: First, on April 5,
1877, to Miss Mary Ella Chafee; and second, in July, 1904, to
Miss Estelle Allison. Of his six children, four are now (1907)
His address is Aiken, South Carolina.
GEORGE BENEDICT GROMER
CKOMEK, GEORGE BENEDICT, LL. D., ex-president
of Newberry college, South Carolina, lawyer, and three
times mayor of Newberry, was born in Newberry county,
South Carolina, October 3, 1857. His father, Thomas H. Cromer,
was a farmer and merchant, whose ancestors several generations
ago came from Germany.
His boyhood was passed in the country, and when not busied
in school he did such kinds of daily work as are usually required
of a boy on a farm. After several years of study at the school
of Thomas H. Duckett, he entered Newberry college, and was
graduated in 1877, receiving the degree of A. M. in 1879. In
October, 1877, he became a teacher in the preparatory department
of Newberry college; and although he continued to teach in
connection with the college for four years, he was also studying
law; and he was admitted to the bar and began the practice of
law in December, 1881. For fourteen years he gave himself
to the practice of law. Identified with the Democratic party,
although never an active politician, he was chosen mayor of
Newberry in 1886, serving until 1890. In 1896 he was elected
president of the Newberry college, and his administration of that
institution covered a period of eight and a half years, until 1904.
In 1905 he was again elected mayor of Newberry.
President Cromer has received the degree of LL. D. from
Wittenberg college, Ohio, and from Muhlenberg college, Penn-
He was married, on October 11, 1883, to Miss Carolyn J.
Motte, who died in 1888. On November 27, 1890, he married
Harriet S. Bittle. He has four children living in 1907.
An especial interest attaches to the life history of a man who
immediately upon graduation becomes a teacher in the institution
from which he was graduated, and who proceeds from the pro-
fession of teaching to the practice of law, and so fully gains and
keeps the respect and regard of his fellow-citizens, among whom
his entire life has been passed, that he comes to be in turn the
mayor of the city for six years, again a trusted practitioner of
the law, and then president of his alma mater in the same city,
88 GEORGE BENEDICT CROMER
and at once, upon his resignation from the presidency of the
college, is again chosen to fill the office of mayor of the city, to
the service of whose people and institutions his whole life has
been given. Even to those who are not familiar with the insti-
tution over which he has presided, or the community in which he
dwells, it would seem that the life work of President Cromer
marks him as "a favorite son" of Newberry.
JAMES WALTER DANIEL
DANIEL, JAMES WALTEE, D. D., minister in the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and now pastor of
the Washington Street Methodist Episcopal church, at
Columbia, South Carolina, is the author of several books and of
a volume of poetry, and has all his life been strongly drawn to
authorship, and, rather against his convictions, has been deeply
interested in the study of the history and the science of warfare,
although his example and his preaching make for peace and
He was born in Laurens, South Carolina, August 27, 1857.
His father, James Wright Daniel, was a merchant and farmer,
a justice of the peace, and, in the words of his son, was charac-
terized by "integrity, independence of thought and action, perfect
memory, good judgment, quick perception, a fine sense of humor,
and by public spirit, liberality and piety." His mother, Eliza
(Anderson) Daniel, was a woman of great common sense, of
soundest principles, of thorough education, and of sincere piety
of spirit and life; and her influence on her son was strong. Mr.
Daniel's family is of Huguenot descent, having come to Virginia
from France, immediately after the revocation of the Edict
of Nantes (1685), John Daniel, his great-grandfather, was
a soldier of the American Eevolution. He married Priscilla
Harrison, a daughter of Benjamin Harrison, the signer of
the Declaration of Independence. His mother's grandfather,
William Anderson, came from County Antrim, was a staunch
Presbyterian, a psalm-singer, and landed at Charleston, South
Carolina, on Christmas eve, 1792, with his wife and five
children, one of whom, Thomas Anderson, was the grand-
father of the Reverend Doctor James W. Daniel. With his
family, William Anderson proceeded at once to the upper
part of Abbeville county and bought a plantation which
included within its boundary lines the present town of Due West,
"the mecca of the denomination to which he belonged." Accord-
ing to the traditions of his family, immediately after coming
into possession of the place he gave land for a school house, and
that school later developed into Erskine college, where Eliza
90 JAMES WALTER DANIEL
Anderson, Doctor Daniel's mother, was educated. The history
of the Harrison family with whom the Daniels intermarried is
well known, from their earliest settlement in Virginia, through
successive generations, with two presidents of the United States
among its sons. Peter Daniel, a judge of the supreme court of
Virginia, was a direct progenitor of Doctor Daniel.
Where the family line is clearly traced and the family spirit
and family traditions are strong, it is sometimes interesting to
note the ideals and the estimate of themselves which are cherished
in such a family connection. Doctor Daniel writes: "The
tradition of my family is that no Daniel was ever tried or
convicted of any crime in any court of justice. Another tradition
is that our branch of the family, coming from France, were
originally Jews. A Jewess and her five sons were converted to
Christianity about the tenth century. Thus the name is accounted
for. And it is a little remarkable that the Jewish physiognomy
still makes its appearance in the family. John Moncure Daniel,
the prominent Confederate editor, was frequently taken for a
Jew. Driven out of France by the revocation of the Edict of
Nantes, a part of the family came to Virginia, and have been
permanently connected with all the interests of that state from
its early colonial history."
Perfectly healthy in childhood and youth, James Walter
Daniel was a country boy, fond of boyish sports, but reading
much, especially history and biography. Until he was seventeen
his life was spent upon a farm, and he says : "My father required
of us work on the farm when we were not in school. He taught
us never to be ashamed of any legitimate work, and this early
training has been helpful to me all through my life." After
studying at the ordinary country schools near him in his boyhood,,
at seventeen he entered the preparatory department of Newberry
college. He was graduated in 1879 with the degree of A. B.
The college gave him the degree of A. M. three years later.
In the early winter of the year of his graduation from college
he was ordained as a junior preacher on the Pickens circuit,
Pickens county. His choice of a life work was due to "no influ-
ence other than the impression of duty to God; I was converted
and felt deeply impressed that it was my duty to preach the
JAMES WALTER DANIEL 91
In his boyhood he had written several stories, some of the
earliest of which were published in the "Home Circle," of
Charleston, when he was eighteen. From his earliest recollection
he has been fond of writing fiction. He says: "I have striven
against the desire, yielding three times and publishing three
novels. Composition has always been a recreation, especially
composition of fiction. I have never cultivated it."
His early home had been one where the great Methodist
preachers of the days of his childhood were frequently enter-
tained. He ranks as the strongest influence in his life, after the
ideals of his family and the training of his early home, the
frequent contact and the kindly and familiar intercourse with
these prominent ministers.
As a veteran soldier is entitled in his biography to the record
of the successive engagements and promotions which have marked
his life, so even a brief biography of a minister of the Methodist
Episcopal church cannot be written to the satisfaction of his
friends and former parishioners unless it mentions his successive
stations and pastorates. Beginning with his ordination, in
December, 1879, he served on the Pickens circuit until December,
1880; then on the West Anderson circuit, December, 1880, to
December, 1881; on the Fork Shoals circuit, Greenville county,
December, 1881, to 1883; the Pendleton circuit, December, 1883-
1886; Bennettsville station, Marlboro county, December, 1886, to
December, 1890 ; Chester station, from December, 1890, to Decem-
ber, 1893; Sumter station, from 1893 to 1897; Abbeville station,
from December, 1897, to 1900; as pastor of Trinity church, at
Charleston, South Carolina, from December, 1900, to December,
1903; at the Bethel church, Charleston, for the next year; and
since December, 1904, he has been pastor of the Washington
Street Methodist Episcopal church, at Columbia, South Carolina.
From his colleagues in the ministry he has received recog-
nition repeatedly. At the session of the South Carolina confer-
ence in December, 1897, he was elected a delegate to the general
conference, held at Baltimore, Maryland, in May, 1898. In
December, 1901, he was again elected to the general conference
held at Dallas, Texas ; and he acted as secretary of the publishing
committee of that body in May, 1902.
In June, 1899, his alma mater, Newberry college, conferred
upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity.
Vol. II. S. C. 5.
92 JAMES WALTER DANIEL
His published books are: "The Girl in Checks" (1891);
"Out from Under Caesar's Frown" (1892) ; "A Eamble Among
Surnames" (1893); "A Maid of the Foothills" (1905); and
"Cateechee" (1898), a short poem which gives the meaning of
the Indian names in upper Carolina. He has written two poems
not yet published, of the same order, designed to give in popular
and poetic form the meaning of the Indian names in lower and
Doctor Daniel has received many letters in acknowledgment
of the service he has done in reclaiming from oblivion the
meaning of the Indian place names of his state.
A Democrat by conviction, he has always been identified with
that party. He is a Mason. From his boyhood he has found
the study of bird life especially interesting, and he gets his
out-of-door exercise chiefly in long walks, in which he observes
the phenomena of nature, and particularly the life and habits
He was married to Miss Emma Hunt, at Greenville, South
Carolina, December 8, 1880; of their nine children, seven are
living in 1907.
To the young Americans of his state he offers these sugges-
tions: "Without patriotism no man can be a truly great man.
Cultivate it. Christianity, pure and simple, must be the founda-
tion of every truly successful life. Avoid association with people
of loose morals. Master some one thing in life. Never let any
habit master you. Be yourself, never making any man your
model, save the perfect man, Jesus Christ."
The address of Doctor Daniel is Columbia, South Carolina.
CHARLES MCQUEEN DAVIS
DAVIS, CHAKLES McQUEEN, farmer, merchant, state
senator, was born in Clarendon county, South Carolina,
December 6, 1848. His father, T. J. M. Davis, was a
farmer, a captain of militia, stern and positive in his convictions
and his character. Through both his father and his mother he
is of Irish descent.
He had a sturdy and vigorous boyhood, which was passed
in the country; and he says that he very early felt a strong
desire "to make and to have property of my own." He writes:
"I performed manual labor on the farm and was taught to rise
early and get at work. At the age of sixteen I was made a full
hand on the farm; and for the benefit of others who have to
work I will say that work always agreed with my health." His
opportunities for attending school were limited to "about three
years of old-field schooling." When but sixteen he served for a
time during the War between the States in the militia of his state.
He began his active business life in Richland county.
On February 9, 1869, he married Miss Mary T. Bynum.
They have had ten children, nine of whom are living in 1907.
Two years after his marriage he returned to his native
county, Clarendon, where he has since resided. He was president
of the Davis Station Cotton mill, after consolidation. He was
one of the directors of the Independent Cotton Oil company, and
resident manager of the Davis Station Cotton mill. He says:
"From as early a date as I can remember I have had the belief
that push, energy, econ^m^ u 1 ' ^ ^sty would 'win out' ; and
these principles I have striven to put into my life work."
In 1894 he was elected a member of the house of representa-
tives of his state; and he was reflected in 1896, serving until
1898. He was a candidate for the state senat r , but was defeated
by Louis Appelt. In 1901 he was again a can^ ~te, and he
defeated his former opponent. Senator Davis's term expired in
1906. He is identified with the Democratic party. He is a
member of the Methodist church. He is also a Mason. He has
found his favorite exercise and amusement in bird and duck
shooting, and in hunting deer.
96 CHARLES M'QUEEN DAVIS
To young South Carolinians, Senator Davis offers these
suggestions for success in life: "Honesty; careful observance of
promises; faithfulness in the discharge of duty; regularity of
habits; economy, and 'push'."
His address is Summerton, South Carolina.
JAMES EVANS DAVIS
DAVIS, JAMES EVANS, lawyer, was born in Barnwell,
South Carolina, September 17, 1856. His parents were
James L. and Alpha (Evans) Davis. His father was
noted for his public spirit and for his noble and generous
impulses. He was of a social and kindly nature, given to hos-
pitality, and in all respects a worthy type of the old-fashioned
Southern gentleman. Although largely engaged in planting, he
had a fine literary taste and was a close student of books and
of men. He held the office of court clerk of Barnwell district,
and was a gallant soldier in the Confederate army, in which he
won the rank of major, though by his friends he was usually
called colonel. The mother of the subject of this sketch was a
woman of rare sweetness and purity of character, and she exerted
a powerful and an enduring influence for good on the intellectual
and moral life of her son.
Until James Davis was thirteen years of age he lived in the
country upon his father's farm. His tastes and interests were
those of the average boy of his time and place, but the war,
which began before he was five years old, and the absence of his
father during the conflict, interfered greatly with his home life
and his educational advantages. When his father returned from
the army he found that a large part of his property had been
swept away and that what remained had greatly depreciated in
value. He undertook, however, the task of restoring his fortunes
as far as possible, and, as a means to this end, he began the
cultivation of his plantation. When James was thirteen years
of age he also went to the plantation and commenced active
work in the fields. He was strong and well and cheerfully and
resolutely gave himself to the performance of all kinds of labor
required of an ordinary field hand. While thus engaged, he
improved every possible opportunity for study and reading.
Fortunately, his taste was for books of standard excellence, and
he was able to obtain Gibbon's Rome, Macaulay's England, and
many other historical works, including a number which were
devoted especially to the history of his own country. In this
100 JAMES EVANS DAVIS
reading and study he not only obtained a great deal of valu-
able information, but he also disciplined and developed his mind
along other lines of thought. He remained on the plantation
until he was nineteen years of age. The outdoor life and the
active labor in which he had been engaged had developed his
physical powers and given him a large measure of strength and
From early childhood James Davis had desired to become a
lawyer. Through all the changes he had passed and the diffi-
culties in securing an education, and knowing that because of the
disasters of the war his father could not help him, his ambition
never left him. Although there was no hope that he could obtain
a college education, he resolved in opening manhood that he
would carry into effect the purpose of his early life. In order
to secure the necessary means for doing this, he taught school
in the fall and winter months and during the remainder of the
year studied law in the office of the Honorable James Aldrich,
who was then a prominent lawyer and afterwards elevated to
the bench, becoming one of the most eminent jurists in the
state. By close application to study he was, in a comparatively
short time, sufficiently advanced to take the examination, and on
December 13, 1880, he appeared before the supreme court of
South Carolina, and, after passing a most creditable examination
was admitted to the bar. On March 31, 1881, he began the
practice of his profession in his native town of Barnwell. He
was successful from the first and his energy and ability, industry
and integrity, during the intervening years, have given him a
lucrative practice, both in the nisi prius and the appellate courts,
and given him a high rank among the lawyers of the state. In
the examination of witnesses he shows a remarkable degree of
skill, and when pleading his causes he is an eloquent and impres-
sive speaker. In 1900 he was elected solicitor of the second
circuit. He filled this position so acceptably that in 1904 he was
reflected for a term of four years. In this office he has shown
absolute fearlessness in the prosecution of evil-doers, and has
won high rank among the prosecutors in the state. Many of his
friends predict that Mr. Davis will contiue to advance, both in
politics and as a lawyer, and that higher honors than he has yet
received will crown his efforts to win a place in the first rank
of the distinguished men of South Carolina.
JAMES EVANS DAVIS 101
In politics Mr. Davis is a Democrat. In religion his denomi-
national preference is for the Methodist Episcopal church.
Mr. Davis was married January 28, 1886, to Miss Mary Ella
Bronson. They have one child living in 1907.
The postoffice address of Mr. Davis is Barnwell, South Caro-
ALVIN H. DEAN
DEAN, ALVIN H., lawyer and state senator, was born
near Duncan's, in Spartanburg county, South Carolina,
March 22, 1863. His father, Captain A. H. Dean, was
a farmer who served for two terms, 1898 to 1902, as a member
of the house of representatives of the state, and during the War
between the States was captain of Company E of the Sixteenth
South Carolina cavalry. His mother was Mrs. Eugenia (Miller)
In his boyhood he lived on a farm in the country, and
attended the country schools. He was sturdy, strong and fond
of study; and he worked willingly on the farm in his boyhood
and youth. He attended the high schools in Spartanburg county,
and later took a course of study at Furman university. His
professional course of study in the law was taken at Vanderbilt
university, by which institution he was "licensed to practice" in
1884. In the same year he began the practice of the law at
Greenville, South Carolina, where he has since resided. A natural
inclination to this profession he felt even in his boyhood; and
this inclination was strengthened by what his friends regarded
as a natural talent for oratory. He has always been ready to
express clearly, forcibly and with a good degree of rhetorical
finish, his convictions upon all public questions, and his influence
with his fellow-citizens has been in large part due to his power
of clear and convincing expression.
He was chosen alderman of Greenville in 1892, serving until
1896. In 1895 he was elected state senator, and he was reflected
in 1899, serving until 1904.
The newspapers of his district at the time of his candidacy
for the senate spoke of him as "a lawyer of rare qualification and
superior ability, recognized as one of the strongest advocates in
the state ; in speech, eloquent and magnetic, graceful in delivery,
and especially forceful in the presentation of facts."
He is a Knight of Pythias and an Odd Fellow. He belonged
to the college fraternity of Sigma Alpha Epsilon.
Early identified with the Democratic party, he has uniformly
voted for its candidates and has supported its party measures.
ALVIN H. DEAN 103
By religious conviction he is a Presbyterian, and has been a
deacon in that church for the last ten years. For exercise and
amusement he has always delighted in the use of good horses,
riding and driving a great deal.
In March, 1886, he married Miss Lida Byrd, who died in
1894. In August, 1898, he was married a second time to Miss
Sally Preston, of Seven Mile Ford, Virginia.
Among the active and outspoken legislators of South Caro-
lina of the younger generation, Senator Dean has already made
for himself a prominent place in the esteem and confidence of
His address is Greenville, South Carolina.
HENRY MONTGOMERY DIBBLE
DIBBLE, HENRY MONTGOMERY, was born October
12, 1859, in Marshall, Calhoun county, Michigan. His
father was Charles P. and his mother H. J. Dibble.
His father was a merchant and a banker, and, for a time, held
the office of mayor of Marshall. He was noted for his public
spirit and his active interest in the schools and industries of
Henry Dibble's early life was passed in Marshall; his early
health was excellent ; he was always a great reader and especially
fond of history and biography. He studied in the Marshall
public schools, graduating in 1879 from the high school. The
years of 1879 to 1882 he spent in Cornell university, graduating
in 1882 with the degree of Lit. B., his course having been liter-
ary. In the choice of his work he was largely influenced by the
wish of a relative.
After leaving the university, Mr. Dibble studied law for
one year at Grand Rapids, Michigan. The confinement of office
work, however, caused a breakdown in his health, and he was
ordered south by his physician. In the fall of 1883 he went to
Aiken, South Carolina, and, finding that the climate agreed with
him, soon bought the property known as the "Vale of Mont-
morenci," lying seven miles southeast of Aiken, where he has
since made his home. Soon after, he started the dairy farm,
which is now among the largest in the state, having about one
hundred and fifty thoroughbred Jersey cows. In 1884 he built
what was probably the first silo ever erected in South Carolina.
Mr. Dibble's farm is famous for its beautiful scenery, its
large masses of rock, which are a curiosity in that section of the
state, and for its beautiful artificial lake.
Since 1895 Mr. Dibble has been president of the Bank of
Aiken, and since 1898 president and treasurer of the Carolina
Light and Power company. Mr. Dibble also assisted in organ-
izing the Aiken Library association and is its president; he is
also treasurer of the Aiken Cottages, a charitable organization
for the treatment of young men with pulmonary troubles, which
institution has in ten years accumulated an endowment fund of
HENRY MONTGOMERY DIBBLE 105
nearly $50,000. He is a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity,
and also of the Phi Beta Kappa society. In Michigan he was a
Republican, but when he became a citizen of South Carolina he
became convinced of the necessity for the supremacy of the white
race, and on that issue has since supported the Democratic party.
In religion he is an Episcopalian. His relaxation is found in
farming and landscape gardening. He has never been married.
His address is Aiken, South Carolina.
JAMES W. DILLON
DILLON, JAMES W., of Marion county, South Carolina,
merchant, president of J. W. Dillon & Son Company,
a mercantile corporation, was born near Little Rock,
Marion county, November 25, 1826. His father, William Dillon,
was a farmer. His grandfather, Joshua Dillon, came from Ire-
land about 1775, settling in Virginia and afterward removing to
South Carolina and settling in upper Marion county.
Born on a farm, he was early trained to do farm work, and
he learned with some thoroughness the use of carpenters' tools.
From boyhood he was accustomed to regular tasks of useful
labor. From 1834 to 1844 he attended the country schools which
were within his reach. He had to provide the means to pay for
his board and tuition by working upon the farm in vacation
time. Like thousands of Americans who were boys in school in
the first half of the last century, he feels that he owes a debt to
Webster's spelling book, with its practical maxims of life, and
such brief lessons of morality as "no man may put off the law
In 1853, at the age of twenty-seven, he began business for
himself, keeping a store at Little Rock, South Carolina. His
business at Little Rock increased slowly but steadily, and in
1882 his son, T. A. Dillon, was taken in as copartner and J. W.
Dillon & Son succeeded. For several years Mr. Dillon was post-
master of Little Rock.
In 1891 he removed from Little Rock to Dillon, South
Carolina. This town had been established upon land owned by
Mr. Dillon and his son, T. A., and from the beginning he was
actively interested in promoting the welfare and the business
prosperity of the town. The postoffice and town were named
after him. In 1889 he and his son, T. A., had established there
a branch store; by 1891 the business of this branch had become
so important that he made Dillon his permanent residence. In
January, 1903, the business was incorporated under the name of
J. W. Dillon & Son Company. Beside the capital which is
invested in the mercantile business, Mr. Dillon and his son,
T. A., are owners of valuable real estate in this part of the state.
JAMES W. DILLON 109
Mr. Dillon had capital invested in other interests when he came
to reside in the town which bears his name. The settlement then
might fairly have been described as "in the woods." Within the
last twelve years it has grown to be a flourishing town with a
population of about two thousand. At every point in its progress
Mr. Dillon has been prominent in assisting and guiding the
growth of the community by liberal advances for agricultural
purposes and otherwise.
In April, 1851, he married Miss Harriett Jones; they had
four children, one of whom is living in 1907. Some time after
his first wife died, Mr. Dillon married Miss Sallie McLaurin;
they had two children, both of whom survive their mother, and
are now living in 1907. In April, 1889, Mr. Dillon married Miss
Sallie I. Townsend.
Mr. Dillon is a Mason. In his political relations he is
identified with the Democratic party. By religious conviction and
training he is identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, of which he has long been a member.
Mr. Dillon's business record as a merchant affords another
noteworthy instance of the fine enterprise and energy with which
men of business in South Carolina, who were already past middle
life when the new manufacturing interests in South Carolina
began to be developed, interested themselves in new lines of
manufacturing interests which have done much to create the new
era of business which characterizes the history of the last fifteen
years in South Carolina.
JAMES THOMAS DOUGLASS
DOUGLASS, JAMES THOMAS, farmer and state
senator, is a native of Goshen Hill, Union county, where
he was born, April 23, 1838, the son of a physician,
George Douglass, M. D., and of Frances (Jeter) Douglass, of
His boyhood was passed on a farm in the country, and from
his earliest years he delighted in the life and the business of a
farm, and was fond of hunting as an amusement. He feels that
agricultural labor, with which he early became familiar, helped
to give him the strong physical development which has served
him well in later life.
He studied at Mt. Zion academy, under Professor J. W.
Hudson, and afterward studied at the University of North Caro-
lina, from which institution he was graduated in the class of 1860
with the degree of B. S.
He began the active work of life for himself as an agricul-
turist, in Union county, South Carolina, in 1865. He had a
strong wish to study medicine, but he was compelled by circum-
stances to take up the business of farming, which he has pursued
for forty-five years. He entered the Confederate army as a
private in 1864, and was later elected captain, serving in that
capacity until the surrender at Appomattox. He was in all the
principal battles of the Virginia and East Tennessee campaigns,
and was three times severely wounded.
He has served as county commissioner of his county for three
terms. He was a member of the South Carolina Constitutional
convention in 1895. Elected a member of the senate of South
Carolina in 1894, he has been repeatedly reflected, and he still
(1907) serves as state senator.
In college he belonged to the Chi Psi fraternity. His party
relations are with the Democrats. In church relations he "is
inclined to the Presbyterian denomination." He has found exer-
cise and relaxation in hunting, in its various forms.
Senator Douglass is one of the large number of South
Carolina farmers and planters who, while managing their own
business affairs successfully, have found time and inclination to
JAMES THOMAS DOUGLASS 113
serve with acceptance and fidelity as representatives of their
fellow-citizens in the senate of their state.
He married Miss Mary Jane Jeter on December 5, 1866, and
their only child is living (1907).
To his young fellow-citizens he commends: "Dogged perse-
verance" as a winning virtue. " 'Be sure you are right, then go
ahead,' and keep steadily at it."
The address of Mr. Douglass is Union, South Carolina.
MAREEN WALKER DUVALL
DUVALL, MAREEN WALKER, merchant, was born near
Cheraw, Chesterfield county, South Carolina, May 26,
1856. His parents were Gideon Walker and Sarah
Rebecca (Powe) Duvall. His father was a planter who was
highly respected in the section in which he lived and who was of
sufficient importance to be elected a member of the state senate.
The first ancestor of the family to come to America was Mareen
Duvall, a French Huguenot, who in the summer of 1659 settled
in Anne Arundel county, Maryland.
In childhood and youth Mareen Duvall lived in the country.
His health was good and he took part in and enjoyed the sports
and pastimes in which his youthful companions participated.
After obtaining the rudiments of education at the neighboring
schools he studied at Cheraw academy and later at the Porter
Military academy, and the high school, at Charleston, South
Carolina. He began the active work of life as a bookkeeper for
a firm in his native town. He thoroughly learned the details
of mercantile business, in which he has long been successfully
engaged. In politics he has always been a Democrat. His relig-
ious affiliation is with the Protestant Episcopal church.
On October 17, 1877, he married Margaret D. Evans. Of
their six children, five are living in 1907.
The postoffice address of Mr. Duvall and his family is
Cheraw, Chesterfield county, South Carolina.
JULIUS RICHARD EARLE
EARLE, JULIUS RICHARD, lawyer, from 1894 to 189G
member of the state house of representatives, and since
1904 member of the state senate of South Carolina, was
born in Anderson county, South Carolina, November 4, 1863. His
father, Rev. Julius Richard Earle, was a Baptist minister, who
served in the Confederate army throughout the War between the
States with the rank of major, and represented Franklin county,
Georgia, in the legislature of his state from 1890 to 1892.
His mother was Lucy A. M. (Brockman) Earle. His earliest
ancestors in America were John and Mary Earle, who emigrated
from England and settled in Westmoreland county, Virginia, in
1652. This John Earle traced his descent through Earles and
Newtons to the Earle of Newton, afterwards Earle of Shrews-
berry, who came to England with William the Conqueror. Three
separate families of Earles in America trace back to the same
English stock. One of these groups of families is descended
from Ralph Earle and his wife, Joan, who settled in Rhode
Island in 1638. The second group trace their descent from John
and Mary Earle, the ancestors of the subject of this sketch. The
third group are descended from James and Rhody Earle, who
settled at Easton, Maryland, in 1683. John Earle, of Westmore-
land county, Virginia, received a grant of sixteen hundred acres
for the transportation of a colony of thirty-two persons in 1652.
Through the subsequent colonial and revolutionary periods, as
well as during the three or four generations since the Govern-
ment of the United States was established, members of this
family have been prominent and useful citizens, residing chiefly
in Virginia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mis-
sissippi and Texas.
Farm work learned in boyhood helped to develop in the sub-
ject of this sketch a strong physical constitution and good health.
From his earliest recollection he felt a strong desire for learning,
which helped him to overcome the difficulties he encountered in
acquiring an education. After studying in country schools and
at home he entered South Carolina college, but he did not com-
plete the undergraduate course. He was thirty years old when he
Vol. II. S. C. 6.
118 JULIUS RICHARD EARLE
began the practice of law at Walhalla in 1893. In 1894 he was
magistrate at Walhalla. In the autumn of that year he was
elected to the South Carolina house of representatives, serving
until 1896. In the autumn of 1904 he was elected to represent
his county in the state senate of South Carolina for the term
1904 to 1908.
Mr. Earle has published a compilation of business and law
forms designed to be of practical use to business men and farmers
as well as to lawyers. In 1894 he served as captain of the Blue
Ridge Rifles in the state militia. He is a Mason. He is identified
with the Democratic party in his political affiliations. He is a
member of the Baptist church, in which his father was a useful
Pie has been twice married: First, to Miss Lula Perry Hix,
of Fair Play, South Carolina, who died August 10, 1891, leaving
one child. He was married a second time to Eva Merritt, of
White county, Georgia, October 26, 1892, and they have five
children living in 1907.
His suggestions to young Americans are brief, and are given
in these words: "Truthfulness is the greatest lack of the day.
The address of Mr. Earle is Walhalla, South Carolina.
SAMUEL HENRY EDMUNDS
EDMUNDS, SAMUEL HENRY, superintendent of the
city schools of Sumter, South Carolina, was born at
Mill Grove, Richland county, May 28, 1870. His father,
Reverend Nicholas William Edmunds, D. D., was for twenty-five
years pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Sumter; and
his son remembers him and many of his former parishioners
describe him as "a man of deep consecration and high intellec-
tuality." His mother was Mary Claudia (Leland) Edmunds.
Her family were from Massachusetts and trace their descent from
John Leland, of the time of Henry VIII., in England. To her,
her son ascribes a deep and strong moral and spiritual influence
upon his entire life. His earliest known ancestor in America
was Martin Marshall, who came from England to South Carolina
His boyhood was passed in the country or in a village. He
was fond of "all the sports of the field, the water and the woods."
His parents, by their own sacrifices, made the way to a liberal
education easy for him, so far as pecuniary matters were con-
cerned. After studying in the common schools of Sumter, he
was admitted to Davidson college, and was graduated in 1890
with the degree of A. B. Since his graduation he has followed
some post-graduate courses in literature under Professor Currell,
now of Washington and Lee university.
He began the work of teaching, his chosen profession, as
principal of the city schools of Sumter, in 1890, holding that
position until 1893. He was principal of the high school at Rock
Hill, South Carolina, from 1893 to 1895. From 1895 until the
present time (1907) he has been superintendent of the Sumter
city schools. He is also a member of the Sumter county board
On December 24, 1896, he married Miss Eliza Champion
Davis; and they have had five children, all of whom are now
He is affiliated with the Democratic party. He is connected
with the Presbyterian church. Throughout his professional life
120 SAMUEL HENRY EDMUNDS
he has found his favorite relaxation, exercise and sport in
hunting. He is a Knight of Pythias.
Superintendent Edmunds feels, as do many others who study
the tendencies of the last two decades in American life, that a
great danger threatens the oncoming generation of our young
people in the prominence now given in public thought to "prac-
tical commercialism." His advice to young Carolinians is that
they make business life and money making "a means and not an
end"; and that "consecration to a lofty idealism is needed; and
realization of the truth a deep-seated and positive realization
that our life here is but a school of discipline to fit us for some-
thing higher and better."
His address is Sumter, South Carolina.
CYPRIAN MELANGHTHON EFIRD
EFIRD, CYPRIAN MELANCHTHON, lawyer, state
senator, state reporter, and author of Efird's "Digest of
South Carolina Reports," is a type of the lawyer of
high purpose and sound character to whom his fellow-citizens
intrust not only legal business, but the responsibility of acting
upon boards of trust for their colleges and seminaries, and of
representing them in the legislature of their state. He was born
in Lexington county, South Carolina, December 18, 1856. His
father, the Reverend Daniel Efird, was a minister of the Gospel
and a forceful preacher in the Lutheran church, whose ancestors,
coming from Germany, settled in central North Carolina; his
mother, Henrietta M. Dreher, was the granddaughter of Godfrey
Dreher, who was also a Lutheran preacher, well remembered still
in Lexington county, South Carolina. His early life was passed
in the country; and as a boy he was "required to do regular
work about the house and the farm," and was thus "aided in
forming habits of industry."
Preparing for college at the Pine Ridge academy, in Lex-
ington county, he pursued his college studies at Newberry college,
taking the degree of A. B. in 1877, and receiving the degree of
A. M. four years later. He taught school in Newberry and
Lexington counties after his graduation from college. Drawn by
his own personal preference to the practice of law, he completed
a course of law studies by private reading, and was admitted to
the bar in June, 1882. At once he began the practice of his
profession at Lexington, where he has ever since resided, and
from whose citizens he has received many evidences of confidence
and esteem. In 1892, but ten years after he began the practice
of his profession, he was elected upon the Democratic ticket as
state senator, serving for four years. When the Constitutional
convention of 1895 was called, Mr. Efird was chosen a member
of the convention. In 1896 he was appointed state reporter, a
position which he still (1907) holds.
Connected with the Lutheran church, of which his father
and his grandfather were ministers, he has for some years been
a member of the board of trustees of Newberry college. He is
124: CYPRIAN MELANCHTHON EFIRD
also a member of the board of directors of the Theological
seminary of the United Synod of the South; and he acts as
treasurer of the endowment fund of that institution.
In 1904 he published Efird's "Digest of South Carolina
Reports," covering Volumes XLIII-LX.
On December 28, 1882, he married Miss Carrie Boozer,
daughter of Doctor Jacob and Eva C. Boozer, of Lexington
county, South Carolina. They have had four children, all of
whom are living in 1907.
He advises the boys of South Carolina, in planning for
success in life, to "make it their steadfast purpose, first, to adhere
to correct moral and religious standards; second, to acquire a
thorough preparation for their chosen life work; and third, to
give assiduous attention to business."
The address of Mr. Efird is Lexington, South Carolina.
JAMES EDWIN ELLERBE
ELLERBE, JAMES EDWIN, member of congress from
South Carolina, was born on the 12th day of January,
1867, in Marion county, South Carolina, from the mar-
riage of William S. Ellerbe and Sarah E. Haselden. His father
was a farmer by occupation and never held a public office. He
was a man of absolute honesty and marked devotion to his
chosen occupation. Mr. Ellerbe's earliest ancestor in America
was Thomas Elerby, who emigrated from England to Virginia
in 1737. Another Thomas Ellerbe, of Revolutionary fame, was
also a member of the family. The subject of this sketch grew
up in the country in the enjoyment of perfect health. While
the necessity therefor did not exist, he nevertheless passed much
of his time in hard work upon his father's farm. His education
was easily acquired. Morally and spiritually his mother's influ-
ence upon his life was very marked. He attended a preparatory
school at Pine Hill, South Carolina, and in June, 1887, was
graduated from Wofford college, South Carolina, with the degree
of A. B. On the 23d of November, 1887, he married Nellie
Converse Elford, by whom he has had five children, three of
whom are living in 1907. He began the business of farming and
merchandising in Marion county in July, 1887, continuing the
same until December, 1891, when he discontinued the merchandise
business and devoted himself wholly to farming. He served in
the state legislature from 1894 to 1896, in the state Constitutional
convention in 1895, was elected a member of congress in 1904,
and is still (1907) a member of that body.
His success in life has been largely due to home influences
and to private study, as well as to his contact in public life with
eminent men. Mr. Ellerbe is an active Mason, having taken the
Shriner degree, and is a member of the Chi Phi fraternity.
He is a member of the Democratic party, and of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South.
His postoffice address is Sellers, Marion county, South Caro-
WILLIAM ELLIOTT, JR.
ELLIOTT, WILLIAM, JR., attorney at law, lieutenant
in the navy during the period of the war with Spain,
special commissioner to codify the laws of South Caro-
lina, general manager of the Street Railway, Light and Power
company of Columbia, South Carolina, at which city he resides,
was born at Beaufort, South Carolina, on the 30th of March,
1872. He follows the profession of his father, William Elliott,
Esquire, a lawyer, and a member of congress, who represented
the Seventh and the First South Carolina districts (the latter
including Charleston) for fourteen years. His mother was Mrs.
Sarah (Stuart) Elliott. A sketch of his ancestors' life is found
in the biography of his father, Honorable William Elliott, in
As a boy he had excellent health, was fond of hunting and
of all athletic sports, and developed into a young manhood
physically robust and vigorous. His family circumstances were
such as to open the way to courses at preparatory schools and at
the university without need of effort on his part to provide for
self-support. In securing an education he says that he had "no
difficulties to overcome except an excessive enthusiasm for foot-
ball!" He studied for several years at the Episcopal high school
at Alexandria, Virginia. In 1891 he entered the University of
Virginia, and was graduated in 1893, having found his chief
interest in the study of law. Admitted to the bar, he began to
practice at once in his father's law office, at Beaufort, South
Carolina, in 1893. In 1898 he was commissioned a lieutenant of
the navy, and he served until October, 1898, throughout the
period of the war with Spain. In 1901 he was appointed code
commissioner of the state of South Carolina, charged with the
duty of codifying the laws of the state. Since 1901 he has
published the acts of the legislature of South Carolina.
Mr. Elliott is attorney for the Capital City mills, for the
Richland Cotton mills, the Granby Cotton mills, the Olympia
Cotton mills, and for several other corporations. He is also
general manager of the Street Railway, Light and Power com-
pany of Columbia, South Carolina.
WILLIAM ELLIOTT, JR. 127
At college he was a member of the Delta Psi fraternity.
He is a Mason. He is identified with the Protestant Episcopal
Church. In his party relations he is a Democrat; and he has
never swerved in his allegiance to the principles and the nominees
of that party. In addition to his youthful enthusiasm for foot-
ball, to which reference has been made, Mr. Elliott has found,
and still finds, a favorite form of exercise and amusement in
On the 15th of November, 1900, he was married to Miss
Leila G. Sams, daughter of Barnwell S. Sams, of Beaufort, South
Carolina. They have had three children, all of whom are living
Mr. Elliott does not yet feel that he has reached a time of
life which would justify him in offering formal advice to the
young people of South Carolina who hope to attain true success
in life; and he declines to go upon record as a giver of such
advice. But it is not too much to say that in his devotion to
his professional work and in the measure of success which he has
already attained at the age of thirty-four, his younger fellow-
citizens may find certain suggestions as to the conditions and the
secret of success.
BARNETT ABRAHAM ELZAS
ELZAS, BARNETT ABRAHAM, scholar, author, critic,
editor, historian, and rabbi, was born at Eydkuhnen,
Germany, December 7, 1867. He is the son of Abraham
and Hinda Lewinthal Elzas. His father was a clergyman and
author, a minister of the Jewish congregation and master of the
Hebrew school at Leeds, England. Abraham Elzas was born
and educated in Holland, and went to England from Russia about
1867. He traveled extensively, visiting for purposes of study
many parts of the world. In 1871 he removed from Leeds to
Hull, where he became master of the Hebrew school, and for
some years rilled the post of minister to the congregation. Failing
health led him to resign in 1877. For some years previous to his
death, in 1880, he was occupied in literary as well as scholastic
pursuits, and he published translations of several books of the
Bible, including "Proverbs" (1871), "The Book of Job" (1872),
"The Minor Prophets" (1873-1880), with critical notes. The
early life of Barnett Elzas was passed in England; he enjoyed
the best of health; in youth he developed a taste for the study
of natural science and history; he was an omniverous reader, his
reading including the Bible, Shakespeare, Macaulay's works, the
latter being cultivated for English style. Schooling was his for
the taking. He was educated for the Jewish ministry at Jews'
college, London, of which he is an "Associate." He held several
scholarships while a student in that institution. His secular
education he received at University college, London, where he
was the "Hollier Scholar," in 1886. He is a first B. A. of the
University of London.
From London Mr. Elzas went to Toronto, Canada, to take
charge of a synagogue. While in Toronto he studied Semitic
languages under Professor McCurdy, and graduated with first
class honors from the University of Toronto in 1893. From the
South Carolina college he received, in 1905, the honorary degree
of LL. D. In Charleston, South Carolina, he studied medicine
and pharmacy at the Medical college, receiving the degree of
M. D. and Phar. G. in 1900 and 1901 respectively.
BARNETT ABRAHAM ELZAS 131
Doctor Elzas is by profession a rabbi. His first charge was
the "Holy Blossom" congregation at Toronto, to which he
was appointed by Doctor H. Adler, chief rabbi of the United
Hebrew congregations of the British Empire. Here he remained
for three years, 1890-93. From here he received a call to Sacra-
mento, California, in 1893, and remained one year, when called
to the pulpit of the historic congregation of Beth Elohim, of
Charleston, South Carolina, which he still occupies.
Doctor Elzas has been chaplain of the Actors' Church alli-
ance, having its headquarters in New York city. He is a Mason,
a member of the Mystic Shrine, and of the Independent Order
of B'nai Brith. He has held the position of thrice illustrious
master of Enoch Council, No. 1, A. F. and A. M., and also that
of deputy president for South Carolina of the Independent Order
of B'nai Brith.
Doctor Elzas has for the past twelve years been a prolific
and valued contributor to Jewish publications. His historical
researches in unexplored fields, notably the early history of the
Jews in South Carolina, have given him an honored place among
contemporary Jewish historians. Among his many publications
the following may be mentioned: "Judaism an Exposition";
"The Jews of South Carolina from the Earliest Times to the
Present Day"; "Documents Relative to a Proposed Settlement
of Jews in South Carolina in 1748"; "Old Jewish Cemeteries";
"A Review of the Article 'Charleston' in Volume III of the
Jewish Encyclopedia"; "The Elzas-Huhner Controversy"; "A
History of the Congregation of Beth Elohim, of Charleston,
South Carolina, 1800-1810"; "A Century of Judaism in South
Carolina"; and "Leaves from My Historical Scrap Book."
Doctor Elzas is particularly interested in all matters relating
to higher education in South Carolina. He believes the trend of
events to point clearly to the restoration of political leadership
to that state. This, in his judgment, can be brought about only
by the citizens of South Carolina doing their duty in the matter
of higher education in the state. His views on this subject he
has embodied in an address made at the Centennial celebration
of South Carolina college, and highly commended by the press.
He believes the material prosperity of the state in the future will
largely depend upon the attitude of the citizens of South Caro-
lina on this question. He is likewise very much interested in
132 BARNETT ABRAHAM ELZA8
the questions of the upbuilding of an industrial Charleston. His
thought on this subject was brought out (January 18, 1905,) in
an address in response to the toast, "The City of Charleston,"
before the German Friendly society.
Doctor Elzas's relaxation is literature and gardening. His
"Men say I've failed; I have not failed.
If I've brought truth to men they'd not receive,
'Tis they have failed, not /."
To the young he says: "Work for work's sake, irrespective
of material gain or success. True success comes not as the result
of ambition to grasp it. Material success may never come, but
faithful effort is in itself its own ample reward. The greatest
blight on the American character today is the inordinate grasping
after immediate results." Doctor Elzas's biography has been
published in the American Jewish Year Book (1903, page 52,)
and in the Jewish Encyclopedia (Volume V).
On June 25, 1890, he was married to Miss Annie Samuel,
daughter of Reverend Isaac Samuel, of London, England. They
have had three children, one of whom is now (1907) living.
His address is Charleston, South Carolina.
WILLIAM DEWITT EVANS
EVANS, WILLIAM D E WITT, planter, member of the
legislature from 1886 to 1890, state senator from 1890 to
1894, and chairman of the board of railroad commis-
sioners of South Carolina from 1895 to 1901, was born at Society
Hill, South Carolina, July 31, 1849. His father, Samuel Wilds
Evans, was a planter, a member of the legislature from Chester-
field county, who is described by his son as "candid, positive, a
man of strong convictions, but kindly and gentle in his nature."
His mother, Mrs. Alexina (Wallace) Evans, was the daughter of
Andrew Wallace, of Columbia, South Carolina, who came from
Scotland to South Carolina, about 1790, and married Sarah
Patrick, of Virginia. His father's family is of Welsh descent,
and Thomas Evans, who came from Wales to Pennsylvania in
1700, and removed to Welsh Neck, South Carolina, in 1736, is
his earliest known ancestor in America. Through his paternal
grandmother William DeWitt Evans is descended from William
DeWitt, who was a son of Martin DeWitt, who came from
Holland to Fredericksburg, Virginia, and settled in Darlington
county, South Carolina, in 1760. William DeWitt served in the
Revolutionary war as captain under General Marion. Judge
Josiah James Evans, his grandfather, lawyer and jurist, elected
United States senator from South Carolina in 1852, is one of the
distinguished members of this family.
Born in the country, passing a healthy boyhood in country
life, William DeWitt Evans says of himself that he w T as "fond
of the society of his mother, his sisters and other girls" ; and that
he found delight through his boyhood in horseback riding and
hunting. He adds : "I made my own money after I was eleven
years old by working at odd times on a little farm which was
set aside for me by my father."
After a few years of study at St. David's academy at Society
Hill, in Darlington county, he was compelled to quit school when
but sixteen to engage in the active work of life. In 1867, when
but eighteen years old, he became the manager of his father's
plantation in Marlboro county. The wishes of his parents and
his own personal preference inclined him to the life of a planter,
136 WILLIAM DEWITT EVANS
while love of country and family pride impelled him to the service
of his state and his country. By conviction a member of the Demo-
cratic party, in 1878 he was chosen president of the Bennettsville
Democratic club, and he was reflected to that office for twenty
years until 1898, when he declined reelection. From 1890 to 1902
he was chairman of the Democratic executive committee of Marl-
boro county; and from 1890 to the present time (1907) he has
been a member of the State Democratic executive committee.
He was chosen a member of the house of representatives from
Marlboro county for two terms, serving from 1886 to 1889. In
1889 he was chosen state senator, serving for four years until
1894. In 1895 he was elected a member of the railroad commis-
sion of South Carolina ; and he served as chairman of that board
from 1895 to 1901. As a member of the constitutional convention
of South Carolina in 1895 he was chairman of the committee on
finance and taxation.
Many friends who admired the character and the public
services of Mr. Evans, and who had felt the power of his forceful
speeches, urged that he make a canvass of the state as a candidate
for governor, but this he declined to do. He says : "I have never
desired high political honors; and I have taken the positions
which I have accepted only with the hope of making the com-
munity better for my having lived in it. I do not consider life a
failure because a fortune has not been made in money, or because
high political honors have not been won."
Besides the political positions and offices already referred to,
Mr. Evans has received proof of the esteem and confidence of his
fellow-citizens in his choice to other positions of prominence and
trust. He was president of the Farmers' Alliance of South Caro-
lina from 1891 to 1892. He was president of the Agricultural
and Mechanical Society of South Carolina from 1901 to 1902.
From 1893 to 1896 he was a trustee of the Methodist Female
college ; from 1890 to 1895 he served as trustee of the South Caro-
lina college ; and since 1898 he has been a trustee of the Clemson
Agricultural and Mechanical college.
He is affiliated with the Episcopal church. His favorite
form of exercise is horseback riding.
He was married to Miss Mary Elizabeth Pegues, daughter
of Colonel B. F. Pegues, of Marlboro county, December 17, 1873.
Of their twelve children, ten are living in 1907.
Mr. Evans' address is Cheraw, South Carolina.
-/ 1 ^ J.H; w y o -JVDA -7 -. M ,,
JOHN ALEXANDER FANT
FANT, JOHN ALEXANDER, merchant and mill president,
was born in Union, Union county, South Carolina, April
22, 1857. His parents were David J. and Nancy A.
(McJunkin) Fant. His father, a planter, was noted for his
honesty, sobriety and industry. His mother was descended from
Joseph McJunkin, a major in the War of 1812.
In his boyhood and youth John Fant was well and strong.
His home was in the village in which he was born, and he had
no tasks to perform which involved manual labor. He attended
the common schools in Union until he was fifteen years of age,
when he became a clerk in a country store. He retained this
position for ten years, and then became a merchant. In this
business, which he followed for twenty-five years, and in which
he is still engaged, he has been quite successful. During the last
five years he has been president and treasurer of the Monarch
mills at Union. His good judgment and executive ability have
made the mills a great success and won for Mr. Fant a prominent
position among the cotton manufacturers of this state.
He has never sought public office, but for six terms he served
as mayor of the town of Union, and for some years was chairman
of its board of school trustees. He is also a trustee of Furman
university. He is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, and a member
of the Commercial club of Charleston. His religious affiliation
is with the Baptist church.
In the choice of an occupation Mr. Fant was governed by the
wishes of his parents. The first strong impulse to strive for the
prizes of life seems to have come from a desire which manifested
itself in his early years to make a name for himself and accom-
plish something for the good of mankind. Among the various
influences which have greatly aided him in his efforts to succeed,
he names that of home as the most important. In response to a
request that he would offer suggestions which he thinks would
help ambitious young people in their efforts to become known
and useful in the world, he advises them to choose "honesty,
punctuality, truthfulness, sobriety and industry," as the guiding
principles of their lives.
14:0 JOHN ALEXANDER FANT
Mr. Fant was married to Ora Wilkes, April 27, 1881. Of
their four children, all are now (1907) living.
Since the above sketch was prepared for the printer Mr. Fant
died suddenly at his home in Union on September 24, 1907.
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FRANCIS MARION FARR
FARE, FRANCIS MARION, as merchant, manufacturer
and banker, is connected with most of the leading cor-
porations and business enterprises of Union county, South
Carolina. He was born in that county, January 17, 1843, the
son of a planter, James Farr, who had been county treasurer
of Union county, and was a man "of great energy and good
judgment, and very popular in his county." His mother, Mrs.
Parmelia (Sharp) Farr, laid deep and strong the foundations of
her son's intellectual and moral life; and the influence of her
memory has been strong through all these years. His ancestors
have been for several generations residents of Virginia and
Maryland, and several of the Farrs were in the army of the
united colonies in the Revolutionary war.
Born in the country, having good health throughout his
boyhood, he was early taught to labor on a farm, and he says:
"It gave me good health and activity and energy."
At the Male academy, at Union, South Carolina, he pursued
studies preparatory to a more advanced course to be taken at
Charleston, and entering the South Carolina Military academy,
of that city, he was graduated in April, 1863.
But one course seemed natural to the boys and young men
who were studying at the Charleston Military institute in 1863;
and as was to be expected, immediately upon his graduation he
entered the Confederate service. First as a private, and later
as captain of Company H of the Fifteenth South Carolina
volunteers, he served until the close of the war. He then engaged
in the work of teaching school and of farming for four years.
On January 1, 1869, he began his business career as a merchant
at Union, South Carolina. He says that his first strong deter-
mination to strive for success in life came from "seeing what
men had accomplished by persistent effort; and this determined
me to try myself to accomplish something in life. I felt a great
desire, too, to do some good for my fellow-men."
His business career began as a member of the firm of John
Rodger & Company. His later connections have been with the
firms of Harris & Farr, F. M. Farr & Company, and Farr &
Vol. II. S. C. 7.
144 FRANCIS MARION FARR
Thomson. He has been a director in the Merchants and Planters
National bank, of Union, since its organization, in 1872, and for
the last fifteen years he has been the president of that bank.
He is a director of the Monarch, the Buffalo and the Jonesville
Cotton mills. He is also a director in the following corporations
and enterprises: The Rice Drug company; the Lipscomb com-
pany, wholesale grocers; the Hames Grocery company; the
People's Supply company ; and he is president of the Union Times
(newspaper) company, and of the Cotton Growers' association.
For many years he was one of the public trustees of the Union
school district, and he was active in building up the graded
school system in Union, in erecting brick school-houses, etc. He
has been chairman of the board of commissioners of public works
in Union since that office was created, in 1896.
He is a member of the Presbyterian church. He is a member
of the Democratic party, and uniformly supports its principles,
its measures and its candidates. He is a member of the Knights
of Honor. Necessary relaxation and change from business he
finds in visiting the mountains during the summer.
In November, 1872, he married Miss Mary D. Winebrenner.
In September, 1885, he was a second time married to Miss Julia
Rainey. He has one child, a son, living in 1907.
As a business man, Mr. Farr commends to the boys and young
men of South Carolina "energy, application, and loyalty to their
employers," and "charity in all relations with their fellow-men."
His address is Union, South Carolina.
f U SUC LIBRARY
WILLIAM WALLACE FENNELL
FENNELL, WILLIAM WALLACE, M. D., was born in
Chester county, South Carolina, August 29, 1868. His
parents were James F. and Alethia (Beckham) Fennell.
His father was a machinist by occupation, though he had com-
menced the study of medicine in Cincinnati before the opening
of the War between the States, which prevented his graduation.
He never held office, but was a man of kindly disposition and
highly respected by his acquaintances. His mother was a woman
of excellent qualities of mind and heart. The earliest ancestor
of the family in this country was a Huguenot from France.
In childhood and youth William Fennell lived in the small
village of Richburg, South Carolina. His interests were those
of the average boy of his time. He was especially fond of horses.
His preparatory and literary education was limited. As clerk in
a country store at Lando, South Carolina, he began work at an
early age and saved a little money each year to be used for school
purposes. His inclination at this time was for business pursuits,
and though his means were wholly inadequate to meet the expense
of the education which he desired to obtain, he entered the busi-
ness department of the Kentucky university, from which he was
graduated in 1887. He then became manager of the mercantile
department of the Fishing Creek Manufacturing company, in
Lando, where he remained until 1892, when, having concluded
that he would rather be a physician than a business man, he
resigned his position and entered the South Carolina Medical
college, from which he was graduated in 1895. At the time of
his graduation he was offered a hospital position by Dr. Manning
Simons, who was authorized to choose one man from each class.
The appointment was regarded a great honor, but the financial
condition of Doctor Fennell was such that he was obliged to
decline. In fact, he was compelled to borrow money with which
to pay his railroad fare home. Very soon after his graduation
he began the practice of medicine at Rock Hill, where he soon
won popular regard and where he is still in active service as a
physician. Doctor Fennell has taken repeated post-graduate
courses at the New York Polyclinic hospital, and has studied in
148 WILLIAM WALLACE FENNELL
the private hospital of Dr. W. Gill Wylie, and at Bellevue several
times. In the summer of 1895 he visited some of the principal
hospitals in Europe and saw many operations performed by noted
In estimating the relative strength of certain specified influ-
ences which have been helpful to him in the work of life, he
places in the first rank those of private study and of contact with
men in active life. Next he places that of home. His mother
died when he was young, but she left a strong impress for good
upon his intellectual and moral life. In the third and last rank
he places school and early companionship as equal in their effect
upon his success. He also feels that the hard work of early life
was very useful, as it caused him to form habits of industry and
perseverance and tended to make him self-reliant. He has never
taken any course of physical culture, but finds both exercise and
relaxation in hunting. He is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias.
In politics he is a life-long Democrat. His religious affiliation is
with the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church, of which he
is an active and influential member.
In reply to a request that in case there had been any partial
failure to accomplish what he had hoped to do he would, for the
sake of helping young people who may read his biography, state
what useful lessons can be drawn therefrom, Doctor Fennell said
that he feels that he has so far succeeded reasonably well rather
better than he expected. But he greatly regrets that he did not
spend more time in acquiring a literary education. And when
asked to make suggestions as to the principles and methods which
will contribute to the strengthening of sound ideals and help
young people to attain true success in life, he said : "I believe for
any young man to gain a large success in a profession he should
decide early what he wants to do and work steadily and earnestly
to that end. Failure, in my mind, is often the result of not being
decided on what you want to do. My advice to a young man is
to select an honorable career and 'stick to his last.' The secret
of success is concentration."
On January 11, 1899, Doctor Fennell was married to Mary
Lyle. Of their three children, all were living in 1907.
His postoffice address is Rock Hill, South Carolina.
JOHN W. FERGUSON
FEEGUSON, JOHN W., of Laurens, South Carolina,
colonel of the Fourth infantry, in his early life a teacher,
since 1874 a lawyer and an editor who early championed
the "straight-out movement," for two terms a state senator for
South Carolina, was born in Newberry county on the 29th of
November, 1834. His father, Dr. George Ferguson, was a prac-
ticing physician, of Scottish descent, his ancestors having come
from Dumfries, Scotland, to settle in the Carolinas. Through
his mother, Mrs. Mary (Peterson) Ferguson, he inherits a strain
of Danish blood. His father died when he was two years old;
and after she had cared for her orphan son until he was eight
years old, his mother died.
As a boy of eight he was thus left upon his own resources,
his entire inheritance being only about one thousand dollars. He
writes: "By spending all that I had, with the help of relatives
I obtained a good education."
In 1850 he was sent to Greenwood, South Carolina, then an
educational center, to prepare for college. Entering the Pres-
byterian school at Greenwood, he studied there for four years
under Dr. Isaac Auld, of Charleston, South Carolina, whose first
assistant was Dr. John Henry Logan. From the Greenwood
school he entered Oglethorpe university, an institution located at
Midway, about a mile from Milledgeville, Georgia. This college
perished from lack of support in the troubled years which imme-
diately followed the War between the States.
After graduation from Oglethorpe, in 1856, Mr. Ferguson
was elected principal of the Male academy at Cross Hill, South
Carolina. He continued in charge of this academy for four
years, meanwhile reading law under Colonel B. W. Ball and
passing his examination for appointment to the bar in 1859.
Upon the first call for volunteers in 1861, he enlisted in
Company F, Third regiment, Kershaw's brigade. After some
months of active service, he was discharged because of physical
disability. Reentering the service as soon as his health permitted,
for the last eight months of the war he served as colonel of the
Fourth regiment of South Carolina troops, having all the time
150 JOHN W. FERGUSON
a discharge in his pocket for physical disability. At the close
of the war, he says, "I found myself a pauper, and returned to
the school room." In 1868 he became principal of the Male
academy at Laurens, South Carolina. After six years in this
position, he began the practice of law at Laurens in 1874. In
1876 the owners of the Laurensville "Herald" placed Mr. Fer-
guson in charge of that paper during the Wade Hampton
campaign. Under his management the paper became a strenuous
advocate of the "straight-out movement." Upon the election of
Wade Hampton, he left the editorial chair to resume his practice
of the law. In 1880 he was elected to the state senate, declining
a reelection. In 1888 he was again chosen state senator and after
serving his term was a candidate for reelection in 1892; but he
"went down before the tide of Tillmanism." Since 1892 Colonel
Ferguson has devoted himself strictly to the practice of the law.
While he has no personal taste for politics, and no definite
political ambition, he has always held it to be the duty of every
good citizen to study public affairs and to express his choice and
will by his vote on every election day; and he never fails to go
to the polls. He has marked literary taste and finds his chief
relaxation and delight among his books. In 1891 he was elected
a trustee of South Carolina college, and he served for six years.
In December, 1869, Colonel Ferguson married Miss Mary
Dorroh, a daughter of Dr. William Dorroh, of Newberry, South
Mr. Ferguson is an elder in the Presbyterian church. He is
a Mason and has taken the Council degrees.
His address is Laurens, South Carolina.
RICHARD THOMAS FEWELL
FEWELL, RICHARD THOMAS, banker and mill presi-
dent, residing at Rock Hill, York county, South Carolina,
was born in that county, October 13, 1855. His father,
Alexander F. Fewell, was a merchant and farmer after the war
exclusively a farmer; and, in the language of his son, "a self-
made man, stern of character, of excellent judgment, whose
opinions were always sought and valued one who sought no
offices or titles and lost no friends liberal, public-spirited."
In boyhood Richard Fewell's health was not vigorous. He
passed his early years in the country on a farm. He says
significantly that his earliest interest in his childhood was "the
wish to do my duty." On account of limitations of health, and
trouble with his eyes, he worked for two years upon a farm.
Overcoming very serious difficulties in his determination to give
himself some educational advantages, he was able to attend the
Ebenezer academy, and, after acting as clerk for two years, to
spend one year at the King's Mountain Military school, and later
(in 1875) to take a course of study at Eastman's Business college,
at Poughkeepsie, New York.
He began business for himself, June 1, 1876, in the firm of
Ivy & Fewell ; but after ten years this partnership was dissolved
and the firm became R. T. Fewell & Company, the name under
which as partner and manager he conducted a large business until
"after the fire" in 1898. The firm then discontinued their general
merchandise business, but Mr. Fewell has continued a business
in fertilizers, lumber and coal. In 1895 he organized the Arcade
Cotton mill, with a capital of $100,000, and he is still (1907)
president of that corporation. He is also president of the Bank
of Rock Hill, which he organized in 1903. With J. M. Cherry,
he built and owned the Rock Hill Water Works and the Electric
Street Railroad System of Rock Hill. Besides the corporations
and institutions of which he has been president or a large owner,
he was a charter member and a mover in organizing the Savings
Bank of Rock Hill, the Globe Cotton mill, the Standard Cotton
mill, the Rock Hill Oil mill, and the Rock Hill Construction
company. Indeed, he has been a director in every considerable
152 RICHARD THOMAS FEWELL
business enterprise which has been started at Rock Hill since his
own business life began in that community. He was connected
with the local militia from 1875 to 1891, having served as
He belongs to the orders of Masons, Knights of Pythias,
and the Woodmen of the World. He is a member of the board of
governors of the Commercial club, and of the Piedmont club, of
By religious convictions he is identified with the Presbyte-
rian church. His political affiliations are with the Democratic
party. He finds amusement and exercise in bowling.
Young Americans who are hoping for a success in life that
shall make them more useful to others as they increase in influ-
ence will be interested in the very practical suggestions which
Mr. Fewell offers to his younger fellow-citizens, as the results
of his own observation and experience in the life of a business
man who has been prominently identified with all the business
interests of his part of the state. He writes: "Be invariably
prompt in keeping every engagement. Try to excel in anything
you may undertake, and concentrate your mind upon it, making
a study of your business. Be broad and liberal toward others,
but just. Grant every one a right to an opinion. Remember
that when you lose your temper you lose your point." And if
these paragraphs fall under the eye of any South Carolina boy
who feels that his lot in life is hard because he does not inherit
wealth, let him note especially the opinion which Mr. Fewell
gives in his last sentence to young Carolinians: "It is a curse
for a boy to have too much money to spend. If you are working
for money, save it, and work rather to excel than merely to make
money for the time, and you will have more money as the result
FORD, RUFUS, pastor of the Baptist church at Marion,
South Carolina, was born in Marion county, South Caro-
lina, August 22, 1852. His father, E. B. Ford, was a
farmer and "magistrate," "a man of deep sympathy always a
friend of the poor, and especially a friend of the wives and
widows of soldiers during the War between the States a peace-
maker, who for the twenty-five years while he was an officer of
the law always used his office rather to settle differences than to
favor litigation." His mother was Anna Jane Herring. On
both sides he is descended from English ancestry who came to
America in the colonial period.
A healthy boy, he early learned something of work on the
farm ; and the regular tasks of physical toil prescribed to him in
his boyhood and youth, and varied by such amusements in fishing,
hunting and bathing, as come to boys in country life, he regards
as upon the whole "a discipline which was morally and physically
good." His mother died when he was but three years old; but
she made a strong impression upon her son, of whom she said
even at that early age, "If he lives, he will yet preach."
The disorders of the War between the States, beginning when
he was but nine years old, interfered with his schooling and his
systematic preparation for college. But after the war he studied
at Marion academy and at Wake Forest college, North Carolina,
from which he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1878.
Two years of professional study followed, at the Southern Bap-
tist Theological seminary. He had supported himself for several
years, from the time he was eighteen, by work as a clerk and
bookkeeper at Nicols, South Carolina. His own personal pref-
erence drew him to the work of the Christian ministry. From
1879 until 1890 he was pastor of country churches in Marlboro
county. From 1890 to 1895 he was pastor of the Baptist church
at Newbern, North Carolina, and from 1895 to December, 1905,
he was pastor of the Baptist church in Bennettsville, South
Carolina. On the date last named he became pastor of a Baptist
church in Marion, South Carolina, where he still (1907) remains.
154 RUFUS FORD
In addition to his regular pastoral work, he has served on
several different boards of church work, and for the past nine
years he has been chairman of the board of trustees of the
Marlboro graded school. During the period of his pastorate at
Bennettsville, the congregation to which he ministers has erected
and paid for an enlarged and handsome brick church. They
have also built and paid for a new parsonage.
The Reverend Mr. Ford has always shown a disposition to
identify himself sympathetically, actively and most usefully with
the moral, educational and religious interests not only of his
parish but of the town and the county in which he has labored.
He married Miss Hattie Temple, April 6, 1880. Of their
seven children, six are now (1907) living.
To others who are thinking of preparing themselves for the
ministry of the Gospel he wishes to express his conviction that
his own work would have been in several respects more effective
if he had taken time to complete the full course of study at the
theological seminary, and had done some post-graduate study at
a university, before he settled in a pastorate.
Asked for a word of suggestion for the young people of
South Carolina, based upon his own observation and experience,
he writes : "Our young people need to guard against superficiality.
Making a good living ought not to satisfy. The Great Teacher
said that 'a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the
things which he possesseth.' Making a good life is far more than
making a good living."
His address is Marion, Marion county, South Carolina.
THOMAS BOONE ERASER
FRASER, THOMAS BOONE, lawyer, and since 1900 a
member of the house of representatives of South Carolina,
was born at Sumter, South Carolina, June 21, 1860. He
has chosen for himself, and has steadily followed, the profession
of his father, Thomas Boone Fraser, who was a lawyer, a member
of the South Carolina house of representatives, state senator,
and judge of the third circuit. His mother, Sarah Margaret
(Mclver) Fraser, died when he was but three years old. The
family trace their descent from John Fraser, who emigrated from
Scotland and settled near Georgetown, South Carolina.
In his boyhood Thomas B. Fraser was delicate; and he has
never had vigorous health. At a private school in Sumter he
pursued his preparatory studies, and entering Davidson college,
North Carolina, he was graduated in 1881 with the degree of
From his earliest recollection, he says, "My ambition was to
be a lawyer of integrity and ability." He pursued the study of
law at home under the guidance of his father, Judge Fraser,
and in December, 1883, he commenced practice.
He has always voted and acted with the Democratic party
of his state, not being drawn aside from party allegiance into
independent action, nor "bolting" on a temporary issue. His
fellow-citizens elected him one of the aldermen of his town. In
1900 he was chosen a member of the house of representatives and
has been three times reflected to that office. He was a member
of the dispensary investigating committee, appointed in 1905,
and is now (1907) chairman of the judiciary committee of the
On December 16, 1886, he married Miss Emma M. Edmunds.
They have had one child, who is living in 1907.
He says: "I have been more influenced by the Bible than
by any other book." A member of the Presbyterian church, he
was made a deacon in 1882, and he has been a ruling elder in
that church since 1901. He was also a member of the Birming-
ham assembly (Southern Presbyterian Church), and opposed the
156 THOMAS BOONE PHASER
"Articles of Agreement" on the ground that their adoption would
be a surrender of autonomy and unconstitutional.
As a lawyer who has been in practice for more than twenty
years, and as a South Carolinian who has been a lawmaker for his
state since 1900, the opinion of Mr. Fraser should have weight
with his fellow-citizens when he writes by way of suggestion to
boys and young men the principles which will contribute most
helpfully to their success in life : "The greatest need of our people
today is reverence for law as law. Disregard of law is well-nigh
universal. In the citizen this shows itself conspicuously in 'lynch
law,' so-called. If a measure is deemed for the public good, the
legislature will enact a law which is clearly forbidden by the
constitution. The executive department does not try to enforce,
or enforces only in part, laws which do not meet with the execu-
tive approval (the dispensary law, for instance). Even the
courts overrule long-established principles in order that 'justice'
may be done in a particular case."
The address of Mr. Fraser is Sumter, South Carolina.
FRANK RAVENEL FROST
FROST, FRANK RAVENEL, a lawyer, and in the Spanish-
American war a captain in the Third United States
volunteer infantry, was born at Society Hill, Darlington
county, South Carolina, October 17, 1863. His father was Elias
Horry Frost, a merchant. His mother was Fanny (Ravenel)
Frost. He traces his descent from the Reverend Thomas Frost,
M. A., a fellow of Cains college, Cambridge university, England,
who came to this country after the Revolutionary war, and who
became rector of St. Philip's church, Charleston, South Carolina.
His grandfather was the Honorable Edward Frost, judge of the
court of appeals and court of errors of South Carolina.
His boyhood and early youth were spent in his native state.
After fitting for college, he matriculated at Harvard university,
and was graduated with the degree of B. A. in 1886.
Soon after graduation he took up the study of law and began
to practice in Charleston, South Carolina. He is now a member
of the law firm of Smythe, Lee & Frost.
In his political convictions he is identified with the Demo-
cratic party, but he has acted independently of the party, and
in 1896 voted for McKinley. By religious belief he is affiliated
with the Episcopal church, and has been a director of the Young
Men's Christian association for many years.
Mr. Frost is a member of most of the prominent clubs and
societies in Charleston. He has been a member of several public
boards. He is a trustee of the Porter Military academy. He has
been friendly to the cause of educating the negro, so long as the
negro remains in this country, along lines which will make him as
useful and capable as he can be made, and as worthy of respect
of all persons as his nature will permit.
He married Miss Celestine H. Preston, April 18, 1900; and
they have had two children, both of whom are living in 1907.
The address of Mr. Frost is Charleston, South Carolina.
PHILIP HENRY GADSDEN
GADSDEN, PHILIP HENKY, lawyer, and president of
the Charleston Consolidated Kailway, Gas and Electric
company, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, on
the 4th of October, 1867, son of Christopher S. Gadsden and
Florida I. Gadsden. His father was a civil engineer by profes-
sion and held the position of second vice-president of the Atlantic
Coast Line railway. He was characterized by great firmness and
determination of purpose. Among the earliest known ancestors
of Philip H. Gadsden was Thomas Gadsden, of England, a lieu-
tenant in the Royal navy and collector of the port of Charleston
in 1722; while among his distinguished ancestors were Christo-
pher Gadsden, general in the Revolutionary army, and Paul
Hamilton, secretary of the United States navy.
In youth Philip H. Gadsden's physical condition was good.
His special tastes were literary. His life was passed chiefly in the
city of Charleston, and his preparatory education was obtained
at the Holy Communion Church institute, in Charleston. He
was graduated at the South Carolina college in 1888 with first
honor and with the degree of B. A. He studied law at the South
Carolina college and was admitted to practice in 1889. He began
active life as a clerk in the office of T. M. Mordecai, Esquire, of
Charleston, South Carolina, with whom, in 1900, he formed a law
partnership under the firm name of Mordecai & Gadsden. The
influence and example of Mr. Gadsden's parents have had a
marked effect upon his career, but the choice of a profession was
determined by his own personal preference.
Up to the year 1899, Mr. Gadsden devoted himself wholly
to the practice of law. In August, 1899, he was elected vice-
president of the Charleston Consolidated Railway, Gas and Elec-
tric company. In February, 1903, he rose to the presidency of
the same company. In October, 1903, he was made president of
the Roanoke Navigation and Water Power company, of Weldon,
North Carolina, and in February, 1905, vice-president of the
Charleston Light and Water company. He was thrice elected
member of the legislature from Charleston county, South Caro-
lina, serving from 1893 to 1898. In February, 1907, he was
PHILIP HENRY GADSDEN 161
elected vice-president of the Charleston chamber of commerce,
and in the following month he was appointed by the mayor of
Charleston, under resolution of city council, to go to Germany
as a representative of the city of Charleston to investigate the
matter of immigration to the South, and on his return he made
to the mayor of Charleston a very full report, which has been
published by direction of the chamber of commerce.
Mr. Gadsden is a prominent member of the Masons and the
Knights of Pythias; has been master of a Masonic lodge and
chancellor commander of the Knights of Pythias. He has always
been a Democrat, and is a member of the Protestant Episcopal
church. His life has been so busy that he has found little time
for relaxation, and has given no special attention to athletics or
any special system of physical culture. He is in the prime of life,
with great mental and physical vigor, and occupies an important
position in his native city.
In April, 1895, he married Sallie Pelzer Inglesby. She died
July 22, 1900, leaving two children, both of whom are now (1907)
His address is Number 64 Hasell street, Charleston, South
JOSEPH AUGUSTUS GAMEWELL
GAMEWELL, JOSEPH AUGUSTUS, professor of Latin
at Wofford college, Spartanburg, South Carolina, was
born in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, on the 3d of
His father, Reverend W. A. Gamewell, was a Methodist
preacher of the South Carolina conference, filling several promi-
nent pastorates in the state and serving as presiding elder for a
number of terms, and as a member of the board of trustees of the
Columbia Female college and president of the board of trustees of
Wofford college until the time of his death, he was prominently
identified with all the ecclesiastical and educational interests of
the Methodist church in his state. Not only Professor Gamewell's
father, but his grandfather as well, was a member of the South
Carolina conference and a minister of the Gospel. His father
married a Miss McDowell, a granddaughter of Colonel Joseph
McDowell, who took a prominent part in the battle of King's
Mountain. His father's brother was the inventor of the Game-
well fire-alarm, extensively used throughout the country, while
another uncle, Frank Gamewell, made a most brilliant record at
the South Carolina college, but died in early youth.
In his boyhood he attended private schools at Columbia and
Darlington. At the age of fifteen he enlisted in the Confederate
army and served in the Inglis light battery. He was prepared
for college chiefly at Darlington. Entering Wofford college, he
was graduated with the class of 1871. He was a member of the
Kappa Alpha fraternity. After graduation he taught for four
years the Boys' high school at Mt. Sterling, Kentucky. In 1875
he was invited to a position in the corps of instructors at Wofford
Professor Gamewell has not only discharged faithfully and
acceptably the duties of his professorship, but he has also been
active in all that concerns the welfare of the college, and he has
been particularly useful to the life of the college through his
interest in the work of the Young Men's Christian association.
He was president of the first association established in Spartan-
burg, and he is still a member of its board of managers. For
JOSEPH AUGUSTUS GAMEWELL 163
nine years he acted as president of the Wofford College lyceum.
On the 17th of September, 1879, Professor Gamewell mar-
ried Miss Julia McDowell, of Asheville, daughter of Dr. Joseph
McDowell. They have had two children, a son and a daughter,
both of whom have married and are living in 1907.
Professor Gamewell has for some years acted as steward of
the Central Methodist church, of Spartanburg.
Vol. II. S. C. 8.
ARTHUR LEE GASTON
G ASTON, ARTHUR LEE, lawyer, legislator, was born in
Chester, South Carolina, August 14, 1876, son of Thomas
Chalmers and Adelaide (Lee) Gaston. He is descended
from a long line of distinguished ancestors, both American and
European, the first known of whom was John Gaston, Grand
Duke of Tuscany, cousin to Louis the XII of France, who, on
account of his Huguenot affiliations, was banished from his
country, and subsequently took up his residence in Scotland.
The first member of this family who came to America was
likewise named John Gaston, one of the first settlers of Penn-
sylvania. His father was William of Cloughwater, of Ireland,
whose brother John, who died in America in 1783, was the great-
grandfather of Honorable William Gaston, late governor of
Massachusetts. John Gaston married Esther Waugh, in Ireland,
sometime prior to his coming to the colonies, and held the office
of justice of the peace under the crown. He removed to South
Carolina about 1751 or 1752, and was the father of twelve chil-
dren, nine of whom were soldiers in the War of the Revolution.
One of the sons, Joseph, was wounded at the battle of
Hanging Rock, later was a magistrate for nearly half a century,
and was for many years an elder in the Presbyterian church.
In 1830 he was elected to a seat in the legislature of South Caro-
lina, and died October 10, 1836. His wife, nee Jane Brown, has
passed into literature as one of the characters in "Women of the
His oldest son, Dr. John Brown Gaston (born January 22,
1791, and died January 24, 1864), was a physician of note, and
married Polly Buford McFadden, who bore him eleven children.
Of these, two sons, James McFadden Gaston and John B. Gaston,
served as field surgeons throughout the War between the States;
two sons, Joseph Lucius Gaston and William H. Gaston, fell
within elbow touch at Seven Pines, on May 31, 1862; and still
another son, Isaac N., died in the military hospital at Fairfax
Thomas Chalmers Gaston, another son of Dr. John B. and
father of Arthur Lee Gaston, took no active part in the war.
ARTHUR LEE GASTON 167
He was born October 4, 1847, and died August 15, 1885. He was
graduated at the University of South Carolina in 1869; was
admitted to the bar in 1870, and early in 1871 formed a partner-
ship with Giles J. Patterson, Esq., which lasted until his death.
He was a member of the Democratic state convention, 1876, at
which General Wade Hampton was nominated for governor, and
was temporary secretary of that convention. In 1876 he was
elected solicitor of the sixth judicial circuit, and held that office
for eight years. Judge Gage, in writing of him at the time of
his death, said : "As a man, Mr. Gaston was of the highest moral
type. He entertained the strictest notions of integrity and lived
squarely up to them. His nature, while reserved and apparently
somewhat austere, was as sympathetic as a child's; he was kind,
courteous and generous to the high and low alike. As state's
attorney, he was firm and zealous and withal prudent. As a
lawyer, no man of his age in the state held higher rank, and with
his acknowledged ability and force of character none had fairer
promise of still greater distinguishments." The lamented Daw-
son, editor of "The News and Courier," said of him : "Mr. Gaston
was a man of high character, large ability and varied attainments.
In public life, and in the line of his profession, he was most
encouragingly successful, and, indeed, he was looked upon as one
of the younger men in the state who, having risen considerably,
was destined to rise still higher."
Arthur Lee Gaston received his preparatory education in the
graded schools of Chester, and was graduated from Davidson
college, North Carolina, with the degree of A. B. in 1896. He
took up the study of law at the University of Virginia in the
following academic year, pursuing simultaneously advanced
courses in logic, philosophy, history and English literature. He
completed his legal studies in the office of Judge George W. Gage,
was admitted to the bar in December, 1897, and rose rapidly to
conspicuous rank in his profession. In 1900 he was elected a
member of the South Carolina house of representatives, and was
reflected in 1902, and again in 1904, and served continuously
as a member of the judiciary committee of that body. He was
also chairman of the dispensary committee, and member of the
dispensary investigating committee. He is vice-president and
one of the incorporators of the Commercial bank, of Chester;
solicitor and one of the incorporators of the Chester Building and
168 ARTHUR LEE GASTON
Loan association ; vice-president of the Patterson Public Library
association; and first secretary and treasurer of the Commercial
and Manufacturers' club. During the Spanish- American war he
served from May to November, 1898, as first lieutenant of Com-
pany D, First South Carolina volunteer infantry.
On December 3, 1902, Mr. Gaston married Virginia Aiken,
daughter of the late David Aiken, of Greenwood, South Carolina,
and granddaughter of Congressman Aiken, deceased. They have
one child, David Aiken Gaston, now (1907) living.
WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER GERATY
GEKATY, WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER, of Yonge's
Island, South Carolina, the originator of a great indus-
try in early vegetables grown on the sea islands off
South Carolina coast, and for his very remarkable business of
growing hardy, open-air plants on these islands for transplanting
and shipping to many other cities, where they reach maturity
some weeks earlier than do hothouse plants transplanted to the
open air, known and corresponded with as "The Cabbage Plant
Man," has attained business success and general recognition by
an altogether exceptional line of enterprising activity, which has
benefited multitudes of people in many states.
He was born in the city of Charleston, South Carolina, on the
6th of February, 1850. His father, C. Geraty, was a merchant
and storekeeper, who never held public office, but was possessed
of an active intelligence and a ready and energetic will, as well
as of sound principle. His mother, Mrs. Ann (Walker) Geraty,
her son describes as "a most practical business woman, who taught
me to consider all agreements and verbal contracts as binding as
if they had been written, and on every point to make my word
my bond in all transactions." Her son ascribes to her influence
much of his business success in life. She was a native of Athlone,
Ireland. His father was from county West Meath, Ireland, and
they were married after they came to Charleston.
From the age of eight until he was twelve he attended the
public schools of Charleston in the morning, while in the after-
noon and evening he waited upon customers in his father's store.
"The most that I have learned," he writes, "has been learned by
reading the newspapers and magazines, and especially agricul-
tural bulletins issued by the department of agriculture and by
various state colleges." He has been strongly attracted all his
life to the reading of history and biography.
When he was twelve years old, in 1862, he left home to take
the place of mess-boy on the steamer "Syrine," which was engaged
in running the blockade, carrying freight from Charleston to
Nassau, in the Bahama Islands. He continued in this service on
170 WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER GERATY
the "Syrine," making two trips each month, from 1862 until the
evacuation of Charleston by the Confederate forces.
He had been led to undertake this service not because of any
love for the sea, but simply from the wish to earn his own support
and save some money. From his earliest boyhood he had felt a
strong desire to live in the country, and service on the sea was only
a means to that end. In 1867 he started in business for himself,
and in 1868 he formed a partnership in a general merchandise
and cotton-ginning business with F. W. Towles at Martin's Point,
Wadmalaw Island, Charleston county. Mr. Geraty was eighteen
years old and his partner twenty. With their store and cotton
gin they bought and took charge of a farm as part of their gen-
eral business. Acquaintance with his father's customers secured
credit for Mr. Geraty with all the merchants of Charleston with
whom he wished to deal; and while their joint capital was only
about five hundred dollars, they were soon doing a successful
business on sea island cotton crops, while at the same time they
started the growing of early plants, cabbage and Irish potatoes
for shipment to Eastern markets.
Geraty & Towles were the first firm on the sea islands to
grow early vegetables for the Northern markets ; and the present
enormous trucking interests on those islands are a direct out-
growth of this original undertaking, some four or five of the
largest truck-gardeners having learned their business by acting
as overseers while working on the farm of Geraty & Towles.
Their first shipments were to Charleston by river steamer, and
thence by the "Adger Line" of steamers to New York. Much of
the green truck thus shipped was overheated on the long voyage,
and reached the New York market so damaged that Mr. Geraty
determined more than twenty years ago to secure increased facili-
ties for rapid transportation.
In 1885, Geraty & Towles bought the Yonge's Island planta-
tion just across the Wadmalaw river from the Martin's Point
plantation. Mr. Geraty then devoted himself at once to the effort
to have built a branch railroad line to the wharf, to secure quick
railroad transportation for fresh vegetables to New York city.
This was accomplished in the spring of 1886 ; and from that time
dates the rapid growth of the industry of raising vegetables on
the sea islands for shipment to the New York market. For
twenty-five years, until 1893, Geraty & Towles continued partners,.
WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER GERATY 171
and they dissolved partnership without any breach in their kindly
relations, only because each now had grown sons to join him in an
independent business along the lines they had together developed.
The industry which Mr. Geraty began to develop in 1892
is in line with the great discoveries made in recent years by
the traveling agents and explorers sent out by the agricultural
department of the United States to secure for introduction into
American agriculture plants and fruits which by many years of
growth under peculiar conditions of soil, climate and moisture
have developed through successive generations a hardiness which
so influences them that they give remarkable results in early and
abundant fruitfulness when transplanted to or sown in new soil
similar in climate and conditions of moisture to that in which
their plant-ancestors have been growing for decades. All who
follow the more recent developments of agriculture know some-
thing of the marvelous results which have been produced in our
arid lands of the West by planting there wheat which had grown
for centuries in other continents under similar climatic condi-
tions; and the still more wonderful hardiness and productivity
of the cereals, wheat, barley and oats, which have been imported
from the cold uplands of Russia and Siberia and are sown and
raised in the newly developed Northwestern lands of the United
States and Alaska.
Mr. Geraty made similar discoveries with reference to the
development of singularly hardy and early young plants of cab-
bage. He writes: "In 1892 relatives of my wife from Orange-
burg, South Carolina, visited my place in February, and were
much surprised to see cabbage growing thriftily in the open field
at that season of the year. When they were to return to their
home I requested them to take some of these hardy sea island
plants and set them out in their own garden. The result was
cabbage well headed three weeks earlier than it could be grown
from hothouse plants raised there for an early transplanting."
Mr. Geraty then sent out plants for tests in nearly all the states
east of the Mississippi river; and it proved that cabbage plants
grown on the sea islands in the open air were exceptionally tough
and hardy, resisting the late freezes and the spring frosts in the
states at the North when hothouse or coldbed grown plants raised
there were killed.
172 WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER GERATY
Since the price of early vegetables grown for market is so
much higher for those which reach the market two or three weeks
before the average crop, the advantage in growing these hardy
sea island plants is at once evident. A rapidly developing and
very prosperous business has resulted for Mr. Geraty. "Ten
years ago," he writes, "sixty pounds of cabbage seed sowed on
two acres of land supplied the demand for these early plants.
In 1906 I have sowed two tons and a half of cabbage seed on one
hundred and twenty-five acres of land, and orders are already
booked for more plants than I can possibly supply this coming
spring." In 1907 three tons of seed was used and the demand
for plants could not be fully supplied. Plants are shipped by
the full carload to all states east of the Mississippi river, and in
some cases to points west of the river. Until the last five years
Mr. Geraty was the only man who dealt in these sea island plants.
There are now about forty other dealers.
On the 8th of February, 1872, Mr. Geraty married Miss
Sarah Ann Kay, daughter of John D. Ray and Maria Smoak
Ray. They have had one daughter and seven sons, and three of
their sons are living in 1907.
Mr. Geraty is a communicant of the Roman Catholic church.
He is a member of the Calhoun lodge of the Knights of Pythias,
connection with which he retains by special dispensation from
Leo XIII. In politics he is a Democrat. His favorite sport,
.amusement and mode of relaxation, he writes, has always been
'"reading." "I spend all my spare time reading, and besides
scientific agricultural reading, I find my keenest pleasure in
In order to perpetuate the business, the William C. Geraty
company has been formed. Of the stock of this company, which
is held entirely by the family, the eldest sons, John W. Geraty
and Charles Walker Geraty, own a majority, and after the death
of their father, which occurred on Tuesday morning, December
17, 1907, they assumed absolute control of the business.
The blessing pronounced upon the man who "makes two
blades of grass grow where one grew before" is evidently deserved
by one whose life-work has developed so peaceful and beneficent
an agricultural industry as Mr. Geraty has developed in vegetable
growing on the sea islands of South Carolina.
WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER GERATY 173
To the young people of his state he offers this advice: "Devote
your time and energy to some one line of work which you find
congenial; then make a specialty for yourself in that line, and
do your best to produce an article well above the average. Do
not let the gaining of money be the greatest consideration; but
work for the general good of your community and your race."
THOMAS BENTON GIBSON
GIBSON, THOMAS BENTON, banker, and vice-president
of the Marlboro Cotton mills, is a type of what deter-
mination and patient perseverance can accomplish in
these years when the rapidly developing manufacturing interests
of South Carolina offer rich rewards for business enterprises and
He was born in Eichmond county, North Carolina, January
17, 1851. His father, Nelson M. Gibson, was a farmer and served
as captain in the Confederate army during the War between the
States, descended from a sturdy line of Scotch ancestry; and
while a devout Methodist, not narrowly sectarian in his religious
views. Thomas and Nelson Gibson, brothers, who came from
Virginia about 1760 with their widowed mother, settled ten miles
northeast of Rockingham, in Richmond county. Their family
was originally from Scotland.
One of the brothers of Mr. Thomas Benton Gibson's father
was an able and conscientious Methodist minister. Another
brother, Nathan Gibson, about 1830 moved to Ohio; but before
he left North Carolina he had represented Richmond county for
several terms in the state legislature.
Born in the country and living as a boy upon a farm, T. B.
Gibson nevertheless had a mechanical turn of mind, and "was
never satisfied at spare moments unless he could be in his father's
shop tinkering on something." He feels that the systematic life
to which his father trained him on the farm had much to do
with the development of traits of persistent, systematic toil which
have given him success in his business undertakings. He had
great difficulties to overcome in acquiring even a common school
education. The "old-field schools are all I ever attended, and
these I attended very little after I was fifteen years old," he says.
He was but ten years old when the war broke out. His
father and his older brother were both in the Confederate army.
He was the support of the family the only one to whom his
mother could look; and he took care of a family of six girls
and a younger brother, besides the negro women and children,
"When General Sherman passed through, in 1865, the Seven-
THOMAS BENTON GIBSON
teenth army corps, under General Blair, camped on my father's
plantation. They destroyed everything above ground, and took
off all the able-bodied negro slaves, leaving only the negro women
to be taken care of."
The War between the States and its consequences thus made
it impossible for Mr. Gibson, who was but fourteen when the
war closed, to secure a college or even an academic education.
He worked on his father's farm until he was of age. The next
year, he writes, "I hired to my father for eight dollars per month,
furnishing my own clothes, and I saved out of that year's earn-
ings about seventy-five dollars. The next year he gave me a
one-horse farm of poor land, which he valued at a thousand
dollars, and I made the crop that year, hiring the crop gathered."
For the six years immediately succeeding he was a clerk in
the store of R. J. Tatum (where the town of Tatum is now
situated). In 1879 failing health led Mr. Gibson to return to his
farm, and two years of farm work restored his health. He began
the mercantile business with his cousin, F. B. Gibson, at Laurel
Hill, North Carolina, where he remained four years, returning
in 1885 to his old homestead, which is now in the center of the
village of McColl. In 1884 the South Carolina Pacific railway,
the first railroad built in that county, was constructed from the
state line to Bennettsville ; and the town of McColl was located
on Mr. Gibson's plantation. The village grew slowly until 1891,
when the ground was broken for the first cotton mill. This
modest venture in manufacturing, which started with a capital
of about fifty thousand dollars, was the beginning of a company
which today keeps forty-five thousand spindles whirling and is
capitalized at one million dollars, "chiefly home capital, very few
shares being owned north of the Mason and Dixon line."
Mr. Gibson has been president of the Bank of McColl since
it was organized in 1897. He is now vice-president, has been
president, and president and treasurer, and secretary and treas-
urer, of the cotton mills at McColl since their organization ; and
since the five cotton mills were consolidated into the Marlboro
Cotton Mills company, he has been president of the company.
He is identified with the Democratic party. He is a member
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and has served as a steward
in that church for over ten years. He has been a director of the
South Carolina Pacific Eailway company continually since the
178 THOMAS BENTON GIBSON
road was built in 1884. He is chairman of the board of trustees
of the public schools of McColl, and was one of the principal
contributors to the erection, recently, of a central graded school
building, erected by public subscription at a cost of over twelve
thousand dollars. While Mr. Gibson's spirit of enterprise, hope-
fulness, and ambition for the town has had a strong effect for
good upon the development of McColl, the gradual cutting up
of what he styled his "one-horse farm" into village lots has given
to Mr. Gibson a large part of the benefit of that "unearned
increment" which comes from the massing of population upon
small areas of land. A population of over twenty-five hundred
people, with one bank, three churches, a good school building,
has grown up rapidly upon Mr. Gibson's old cotton field; and
the prosperity which has come to Mr. Gibson as a consequence
his fellow-citizens rejoice in, because he has shown from the first
a disposition to inaugurate and administer important business
enterprises with a public spirit which has brought a degree of
prosperity to all the inhabitants of the place, and not to himself
In his own childhood, and since he established a home of his
own by marriage, Mr. Gibson has enjoyed deeply and steadily
the influences of home; and he does all that lies in his power to
promote the erection of comfortable and commodious dwellings
and buildings of all kinds, and to encourage the beautifying of
the grounds and houses of the community.
He was married May 12, 1886, to Miss Sallie Belle Tatum ;
and of their seven children, six are now (1907) living.
To the boys of South Carolina who are planning to make
their lives not only successful for themselves, but useful to the
community, he offers this advice : "First, get an education at any
cost (except at the cost of health) ; let tobacco, cigarettes and
whiskey alone; learn to depend upon your own careful judgment,
knowing that without well-wrought plans, thoroughly studied,
there can be no permanent success; and when you have decided
upon the work in life for which you are best suited, stick to it.
There is nothing like perseverance."
His address is McColl, Marlboro county, South Carolina.
GODFREY, WILLIAM, of Cheraw, Chesterfield county,
South Carolina, vice-president of the Cheraw and Lan-
caster railroad, and senior member of William Godfrey
& Company, lumber manufacturers, was born near Cheraw, in
Chesterfield county, on the 2d of November, 1870. His father,
Samuel G. Godfrey, was engaged in railroading. His mother
was Mrs. Harriett E. (Powe) Godfrey, the great-granddaughter
of Thomas Powe, who in 1740 removed from Virginia to Cheraw ,
South Carolina. His father's great-grandfather was also of
Virginia birth, and removed to Cheraw, South Carolina, in 1750.
His boyhood was passed in the country, and from early years
he worked systematically upon a farm; but during four years of
his youth, from sixteen to tw y enty, he was a student at the South
Carolina Military academy, from which institution he was grad-
uated in 1890. In January, 1891, he took the position of agent
for the Seaboard Air Line railway at Hoffman, North Carolina,
thus beginning the work of life in the occupation which had been
that of his father. In 1894 he began business for himself at
Cheraw, organizing and rapidly building up a large business for
the manufacture and sale of lumber. He organized the Cheraw
and Lancaster railroad, in 1900, of which he is now a vice-
president. As his business grew he took in partners for its
further development; and he is now the senior member of the
firm of William Godfrey & Company, lumber manufacturers.
This company has seven plants in Chesterfield county, two in
Kershaw county, and one in Cumberland county, North Carolina,
and employs from three hundred to four hundred men. He
has recently become interested in establishing a line of steamers
between Cheraw and Georgetown. Mr. Godfrey has been promi-
nent among the large lumber manufacturers of the South, and
has served as president of the South Carolina Lumber association.
He was one of the originators of the rules of inspection of yellow
pine lumber, and he compiled the collection of rules known as
"Rules of 1905," under which all yellow pine lumber in the
United States is now bought and sold. Mr. Godfrey is allied
with the Democratic party, and whatever the issues in his state,
180 WILLIAM GODFREY
he has uniformly supported the principles and the nominees of
that political organization.
In religious belief he is identified with the Protestant Epis-
On the 29th of December, 1897, Mr. Godfrey married Miss
Cora H. Page, daughter of A. H. Page, of North Carolina. They
have had three children, all of whom are living in 1907.
WILLIAM JAMES GOODING
G CODING, WILLIAM JAMES, of Crocketville, Hamp-
ton county, South Carolina, member of the state legis-
lature from 1858 to 1861 ; sheriff of Beaufort district,
1866 to 1868 ; county treasurer of Beaufort county, 1877 to 1878 ;
treasurer of Hampton county, 1878 to 1880, and a member of the
Constitutional convention in 1895, was born near the Savannah
river in Barnwell county, South Carolina, on the 9th of Novem-
His father, James Alexander Gooding, was a planter who
had served from 1840 to 1848 as tax collector for Prince William
parish in the Beaufort district, and is remembered throughout
that region for his fair dealing and his industrious, upright life.
He traced his descent from Thomas Gooding, who came from
England about the middle of the seventeenth century and settled
at Dighton, Massachusetts. His mother was Mrs. Mahala (Gray)
A sturdy and vigorous boy, passing his early years in the
country, he was fond of study and equally fond of out-of-door
sports. While still a small boy he was taught all kinds of farm
work which he had the strength to undertake ; and while he was
not constantly engaged in this work, he grew through boyhood
to manhood, developed and trained by working with his hands,
until he was familiar with all kinds of labor on the farm and
knew something about managing other laborers. Meanwhile he
had attended the home schools and Ligon's academy, at Sandy
Run, Lexington district, South Carolina. He passed one year in
the South Carolina Military academy, at Columbia, South Caro-
lina; but his father's death made it necessary for him to return
to his home in order to help his mother in the management of
the plantation. His opportunities for regular attendance at school
were thus shortened, but he had acquired a taste for study and
for reading ancient as well as modern history; and throughout
his life he has shown an interest not merely in the current news,
but also in the current literature of the land.
In 1857 he established himself as an independent farmer in
Beaufort (now Hampton) county. He took an active interest in
184 WILLIAM JAMES GOODING
the discussions which preceded the outbreak of the War between
the States. In speaking of his life, he says that he was "drawn
to choose planting and farming as a profession, because the
country offered at that time few occupations outside of agricul-
ture ; and love of country life, with the independence assured the
farmer, together with the examples of men who, while they lived
by managing farms and plantations, had risen to eminence in
various walks of life, led him to make it his constant hope and
endeavor to be a useful citizen of his state as well as a farmer.''
Two years after he established himself in Beaufort county he was
elected by his fellow-citizens to represent Prince "William parish
in the state legislature, filling this position from 1858 to the
outbreak of the war in 1861. In the militia of South Carolina
he had served as adjutant of the Twelfth regiment of infantry
from 1856 to 1858, and as major and lieutenant-colonel of the
same regiment from 1858 to 1861. Becoming a volunteer in the
Confederate army, he served as captain of Compan}^ D of the
Twenty-fourth infantry, South Carolina volunteers, resigning in
1862. From 1863 to 1865 he served as lieutenant in Company D,
Eleventh South Carolina infantry. He was severely wounded
in the head on the 9th of May, 1864, in the engagement of Swift
Creek, between Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia; and as a
consequence he was detailed for duty in the war tax department
as assessor of war taxes for Beaufort district, South Carolina, in
the winter of 1864, and he served there until the close of the war.
In 1866 he was elected sheriff of the Beaufort district, serving
until 1868. Nine years later he was chosen treasurer of Beaufort
county, filling that position from 1877 to 1878, and he was treas-
urer of Hampton county from 1878 to 1880.
A Democrat in politics, he was county chairman of the
Democratic party from 1882 to 1886; and he was a member of
the Democratic state committee during the same years. In 1895
he was elected a member of the Constitutional convention of
South Carolina, taking an active part in the work of that con-
vention. During the forty years from 1856 to 1895 he served on
many local boards in various capacities, evincing a public spirit
and an interest in the public welfare which led to his choice by
his fellow -citizens repeatedly for such positions.
WILLIAM JAMES GOODING 185
Of his religious convictions he says : "In my youth I favored
the Baptists, but I now prefer the Presbyterians, although I am
not affiliated with either."
On the 4th of September, 1856, he married Miss Elizabeth
Annie Terry, daughter of Michael and Elizabeth Terry, of Beau-
fort district. She died on the 22d of May, 1894. Of their four
children, two sons and two daughters, all are living in 1907.
He is a Mason and has beeu master of his lodge, and he was
at one time a Dictator in the Knights of Honor, although he is
not now affiliated with either of these orders. His favorite forms
of exercise and recreation have been fishing, shooting, "and a
little work and study."
To the young he commends "a definite object set before one
for attainment; truthfulness; honesty; and healthful physical
exercise in congenial work."
Vol. II. S. C. 9.
ROBERT PICKET HAMER, JR.
HAMER, ROBERT PICKET, JR., was born in Darling-
ton county, April 10, 1863. His father is a planter and
manufacturer. On the father's side descent is traced
to English immigrants who settled in Maryland about 1750.
The mother, Mrs. Sallie McCall Hamer, who has exerted a most
powerful and beneficent influence upon the life of her son in
every way, is of Scotch-Irish descent, and her first ancestor in
America was William McCall, who came from Ireland to the
colonies in 1770.
From his earliest boyhood his ambition was "to make of
himself a good farmer." He lived in the country, twenty-two
miles from a railroad and the county-seat. He had excellent
health and high spirits. Daily duties were assigned him about
the home, and he was also required to work on the farm as a
training for later life. When a boy he was given a small piece
of land that he might work it for his own profit. He was
required to keep a strict account of the outlay upon that land and
the income from the crops. He had to pay for all the fertilizers
used on it and for all labor done on it other than what he himself
chose to do ; and his father gave the son his note, bearing interest
for whatever was due him from the crop above the expenses
incurred in making it.
He attended the Little Rock high school and the Bingham
school, in North Carolina, and was graduated from South Caro-
lina college with the degree of A. B. in June, 1885. On Feb-
ruary 4, following, he entered formally upon the active business
of life by engaging in farming at Little Rock. His own decided
preference led to the choice of this life work. That he has made
it a decided success is evidenced by the fact that he is now the
most extensive planter in South Carolina. He cultivates land in
four counties in this state and in two counties in North Carolina,
and runs, in the aggregate, one hundred and sixty plows. Soon
after commencing planting on a large scale he became interested
in the manufacture of cotton. He became a director of the Dillon
Cotton mill, and president and treasurer of the Hamer Cotton
mill. He has been postmaster at Hamer for the last fifteen years,
,, J7 f-
ROBERT PICKET HAMER, JR. 189
general manager of the South Atlantic Cotton Oil mill at Hamer,
and agent for the Atlantic Coast Line railway at Hamer for
fourteen years. Indeed, the town of Hamer was named for him
in 1891. While he has interested himself primarily in agriculture
and in manufacturing, and has not devoted himself to politics,
he is identified with the Democratic party and has never changed
his party allegiance, except that he was not a "sixteen to one"
Democrat. He has been for twenty years the chairman of his
township Democratic committee, and, for the same period, a
member of the county executive committee. He is now (1907)
commissary-general, with the rank of colonel, on the staff of
His own liberal education, and the breadth of his outlook
upon the educational life and the social tendencies of his state,
have led him to take an active interest in the higher education of
South Carolina. He has been a member of the board of trustees of
the South Carolina college since January, 1904. Since February,
1905, he has been a member of the board of trustees of Clemson
college, and was made chairman of the board in April, 1906. He
has also been for ten years a member of the executive committee
of the South Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical society (the
state fair) ; and he was president of that society for the year
1903, and again for the year 1904. During his administration
the state fair grounds were moved from the west to the east side
of the city of Columbia, and the change, effected in less than six
months, was followed by the largest and best fair ever held in
the history of the society. There have not been lacking frequent
newspaper paragraphs from admirers of Mr. Hamer, suggesting
that he is the logical candidate for governor of the state at an
In college he was a member of the Alpha Tau Omega college
fraternity. He is also a Mason and a Knight of Pythias. While
he is not a member of a church, his associations through his
family are with the Presbyterian and Methodist churches, and
he is interested in the support of churches of all denominations.
While he finds his amusement and relaxation "in attention to his
business," he has all his life been fond of the exercise of walking,
driving and horseback riding; and he is especially fond of exer-
cise in the saddle. To help young people who ask for suggestions
that will lead to success in life, he recommends: "Thorough
190 ROBERT PICKET HAMER, JR.
preparation, systematic methods, careful use of opportunities and
of time. Always be sure before you take your stand; but when
you have once taken it, stand firm and go forward. Be on the
side of right and justice, and not on the side of policy."
His address is Hamer, Marion county, South Carolina
JAMES DAVID HAMMETT
HAMMETT, JAMES DAVID, by reason of his executive
ability and his familiarity with the details of all the
business connected with a cotton mill, has been pro-
moted within the last fifteen years from clerk in a mill office
through the entire range of offices connected with the business
management of a mill, until in 1902, at the age of thirty-four,
he became president and treasurer of the Chiquola Cotton mill.
He was born in Greenville, South Carolina, on March 16,
1868. His father, Henry Pinckney Hammett, was a cotton
manufacturer, a member of the state legislature, and mayor of
Greenville a man of sterling integrity, indomitable energy and
great loyalty to his state and people. He believed that devotion
to his own business was the best means of helping those who
at the close of the War between the States were left poor and
fatherless; and this conviction led him to withdraw from the
management of railroads to engage again in cotton manufactur-
ing, that he might furnish employment for as large a number as
possible of his fellow-citizens who needed it. His mother, Mrs.
Deborah Jane Hammett, influenced her son "for good in all
things," and he says, "I owe more to her than to all others."
Jesse Hammett, the first ancestor in America, from whom the
family trace their descent, came to this country from England
just before the Revolutionary war and settled in Maryland. The
family have been planters in successive generations, until Mr.
Henry Pinckney Hammett, with his father-in-law, William Bates,
began the manufacturing of cotton.
Born in Greenville, "which at that time was no more than
a village," J. D. Hammett had a healthy and happy boyhood,
greatly enjoying out-of-door sports and hunting. With reference
to the good influence upon a boy with regular engagements and
occupations when not busy in school, he writes: "In my youth
it was my business to drive my father to his office and to remain
there with him when not engaged in school ; and although I then
regarded this as a hardship, I now see the wisdom which my
father displayed in carrying out this policy and giving me an
insight into his business."
JAMES DAVID HAMMETT
He attended the Patrick school, of Greenville, South Caro-
lina, and the Bingham school, in North Carolina; and for the
college course he was matriculated a student at Furman univer-
sity; but he did not complete the course of study which leads to
a degree. Instead, he became a clerk in a wholesale and retail
grocery store in Greenville. After serving as a clerk in 1888, he
became collector in a bank in 1889. In 1890 he served as a clerk
in a mill office for a year. From 1892 to 1899 he was paymaster
of the cotton mill. He became secretary and assistant treasurer
of the mill in 1900; and two years later he was made president
and treasurer of the institution.
His only military service has been as a private in the militia
of his state. He is a Mason, a Knight of Pythias, an Odd Fellow
and a member of the order of Eed Men. In his political relations
he is identified with the Democratic party. He is a member of
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. His favorite reading
has been history.
On April 20, 1902, he married Miss Lula Scott. They have
had three children, all of whom are living in 1907.
Mr. Hammett is still a comparatively young man; but this
makes none the less interesting the suggestions which he offers
to young Americans : "Do not be afraid to work, and do not try
to pick out for yourself the easy positions too early in life. Show
that you are willing to do the work, and let the pay take care
of itself. I worked for two years as a clerk in a wholesale and
retail grocery, did the hardest manual labor of my life, and did
not know what salary I was getting until I was about to leave
Mr. Hammett's address is Honea Path, South Carolina.
GODFREY MICHAEL HARMAN
HARMAN, GODFREY MICHAEL, of Lexington, South
Carolina, since 1870 editor and proprietor of the "Lex-
ington Dispatch," for many successive years mayor of
Lexington and a member of the city council, was born in the city
where he still resides, on the 4th of June, 1845. His father,
Reuben Harman, was postmaster, sheriff, magistrate and assistant
clerk of the court "a fine business man, generous and popular."
The ancestors of the family came from Germany and settled in
Lexington county, about four miles from the court-house.
A sturdy boy, passing his youth in the village of Lexington,
he was taught as a boy to be industrious and regularly employed.
The War between the States broke out when he was but fourteen.
He volunteered for service in the Confederate army in April,
1861, and continued in the volunteer service until 1865. He
joined the First South Carolina regiment (Gregg's), then entered
the Thirteenth South Carolina regiment (from which he was
discharged because he was under age), but he later reenlisted in
the Twentieth South Carolina regiment, with which he remained
until the close of the war.
In 1870 he entered the newspaper business at Lexington,
convinced that here was a good opening for a newspaper which
would grow to be influential in that section of the state. He has
given his time and confined his attention almost entirely to the
publishing and editing of the "Lexington Dispatch" for the last
thirty-seven years. This has given him a wide acquaintance with
all classes of people in his county and throughout the state; and
his influence as a writer and publisher has had much to do with
shaping the life of the community in which he has lived for the
last generation. The confidence and esteem of his fellow-citizens
has been shown in his election and his repeated reelection to the
office of mayor of Lexington.
On the 24th of November, 1864, he married Miss Pauline
Lavinia Boozer, youngest daughter of Judge Lemuel Boozer, of
Lexington, South Carolina.
196 GODFREY MICHAEL HARMAN
Mr. Harman is a Mason. He is an Odd Fellow, and for
twenty-six years he has served as a secretary of his lodge. He
is a member of the Eoyal Fraternal union.
Fully identified with the Democratic party, for forty years
he has advocated its principles and supported its nominees. He
is a member of the Lutheran church. He professes himself a
follower of Izaak Walton in his devotion to the piscatorial art.
Throughout his life he has abstained from the use of intoxicants
and tobacco; and he suggests to young South Carolinians who
wish to attain true success in life, first of all, "abstinence from
drink and tobacco." He adds this advice: "Never be idle for
idleness is the source of many crimes."
HAZARD, WALTER, lawyer and legislator, was born in
Georgetown, South Carolina, December 25, 1859. His
parents were Benjamin Ingall and Sarah Freeborn
(Ingall) Hazard. His father was a merchant who was noted
for his integrity, energy, firmness of will and business sagacity.
He held the office of city and county tax assessor, and also served
as assistant chief of the fire department of Georgetown. The
earliest ancestors of the family in this country were Thomas
Hassard (or Hazard), who came from England, in 1639, and
settled in Aquidneck, Rhode Island. None of the immediate
family were specially distinguished, but Rowland G. Hazard, a
collateral kinsman, was a well-known woolen manufacturer and
an eminent writer.
In childhood and youth Walter Hazard lived in the small
town in which he was born. His health was good and he was
interested in outdoor sports, though he was especially fond of
reading and the study of languages. He had no regular tasks to
perform and no difficulties to overcome in acquiring an education.
His preparatory studies were taken at Winyah Indigo Society
academy, Georgetown, after which he attended Princeton univer-
sity, from which institution he was graduated with the degree
of A. B. in 1877. Three years later he received from the same
institution the degree of A. M. The active work of life was
commenced in 1878 in the office of Congdon, Hazard & Company,
merchants, in Georgetown, South Carolina. In 1880 he founded
the "Georgetown Enquirer" and edited the same until 1889, when
he retired from journalism. He had studied law and was admitted
to the bar in 1882. He entered the political field in 1882, as a
member of the state house of representatives, in which he served
for two yars. He was again elected for a like term in 1888, and
was reflected in 1890. At the close of this term, in 1892, he was
elected to the state senate, in which he served until 1894, when,
on account of ill health, he resigned. In 1890 he was a delegate
to the famous anti-Tillman convention. He was appointed orator
of the day for "South Carolina Day," June 28, 1907, at the
Jamestown exposition and delivered the address on that occasion.
198 WALTER HAZARD
Of the books which he has found most useful in preparing
him for and carrying on the work of life, Mr. Hazard mentions
the Bible, English literature, works on sociology, and the sermons
of Frederick D. Maurice, Arthur Cleveland Coxe, and Charles
Kingsley. When asked to name the source of the first strong
impulse to strive for the prizes of life, he said that it could not
be definitely stated, but was the outgrowth of school-day influ-
ences and of sermons preached by the late Reverend W. T. Capers
and Reverend John A. Porter, members of the South Carolina
conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. In the
choice of his life work he was left entirely free, but his inclina-
tions coincided with the wishes of his parents. In estimating the
relative strength of certain specified influences upon his success,
he places, first, school ; second, home in which the example and
precepts of his mother had a beneficent and enduring effect upon
his intellectual, moral and spiritual life; third, private study;
fourth, contact with men in active life; and fifth, early compan-
ionship. His favorite means of amusement and relaxation are
boating, hunting and fishing. He is a member of various societies
and fraternities, including the Winyah Indigo society, of which
he was secretary for five or six years and afterward president and
is now its attorney and escheator; the Palmetto club; the South
Carolina Bar association; and the Red Cross society. Among
other services to his home city may be named that of chairman
of the board of trustees of the Winyah Indigo school district,
and president of the Georgetown board of trade. He is greatly
interested in popular education, and hopes to secure the erection
of a new graded school building and the establishment of a public
library and a high school. In politics he has been a lifelong
Democrat. His religious affiliation is with the Protestant Epis-
copal church, of which he has long been an honored member.
He has several times been a delegate to the diocesan conventions,
and in 1903 and 1905 he was a delegate to the general convention
of the Episcopal Church in the United States.
On October 17, 1882, Mr. Hazard was married to Jessie
Minnie Tamplet. After her death he was married, December 7,
1897, to Florence Adele Tamplet. Of his four children, two are
living in 1907.
When asked for advice and suggestions to help young people
to attain success in life, he says that "concentration of purpose
WALTER HAZARD 199
and self-denial, undeviating adherence to conviction, absolute
truthfulness, unselfish devotion to duties, high ideals and will-
ingness to accept God's will in all things," are essential to the
The address of Mr. Hazard is Number 117J/2 Screven street,
Georgetown, South Carolina.
EDWARD PALMER HENDERSON
HENDERSON, EDWARD PALMER, son of Daniel S.
and Charlotte Eraser Henderson, was born at Walter-
boro, South Carolina, January 31, 1854. His father
was a lawyer, who represented the Colleton district in the state
legislature several terms before the War between the States.
Daniel Henderson was a man of gentle, kind, serene spirit, fond
of his children and most sincerely devoted to his state, for which
he gave up all his property and, finally, life itself.
The earliest known ancestors of the family were Daniel
Henderson, who in 1790 emigrated from the north of Ireland to
Charleston, South Carolina; and John Eraser, who about 1700
came from Scotland and settled near Coosawhatchie.
Edward Henderson's early life was passed in a village; as
a boy he was healthy and robust, fond of reading, of hunting, of
work in the garden and of active games. He was early inured
to toil. When the war ended he was but eleven years of age,
and he at once found it necessary to do hard manual work, and
plenty of it. He attended to the chores at home, worked some
two years as a laborer in the fields, cared for the family garden,
clerked in stores, etc., when opportunity offered, and learned to
feel that all manual labor is honorable. This feeling was of great
benefit to him, enabling him to work better for the benefit of those
he loved, and also to improve his own opportunities of acquiring
The influence of the boy's mother was strong upon all the
aspects of his life, but especially upon the ethical and spiritual
sides. For reading he turned to history, but more especially to
biography. The lives of men of energy and character, for exam-
ple, William of Orange, and George Washington, interested him
greatly and helped him. He was also interested in Walter Scott's
novels and poems, Hugo's Les Miserables, some of Stevenson's
works, some of Dumas's, which, like "The Three Guardsmen," are
marked by snap and energy. Tennyson's poems, especially "In
Memoriam," the poems of Longfellow, and of Henry Timrod,
were also helpful. Education came to young Henderson with
difficulty. He was able, however, to take the course in the high
EDWARD PALMER HENDERSON 201
school of Charleston, from which he was graduated. This course
he followed with a post-graduate course of one year under Mr.
William Kingman, principal of the Charleston high school.
Mr. Henderson began the actual work of life when, in 1874,
he became clerk on a wharf in Charleston; this he followed up
with the work of wharfinger, and later that of bookkeeper. He
had, however, from his earliest years, felt a strong drawing
toward the law, the profession of his father and of his two elder
brothers. As opportunity afforded, he pursued the study of law,
and in 1880 was admitted to practice. He now formed a copart-
nership, at Aiken, South Carolina, with his brother, D. S. Hen-
derson, and has since that date constantly practiced his profession
at that place. From January 1, 1880, the Henderson law firm
was entitled "Henderson Brothers," and was composed of D. S.
and E. P. Henderson. On January 1, 1899, P. F. Henderson,
son of D. S. Henderson, was admitted, and the firm name was
changed to "Hendersons," and so continues.
Edward P. Henderson has never sought nor held political
office. From 1876 to 1883 he served in a rifle company. In 1882
he was appointed by Governor Johnson Hagood as judge advo-
cate of the Second brigade, first division of the volunteer state
troops, and served two years. Since 1884 he has been a deacon
in the Presbyterian church, and since 1886 treasurer of his church
Mr. Henderson commends to young Americans the observance
of the Sabbath, the cultivation and preservation of the home as
one of the chief foundations of American liberty, the maintenance
of strict integrity in business relations, the care of the body and
physical health, observance of regular hours of work and rest,
respect for the laws of the land, trust in God, and earnest effort
to win the approval of the Divine Presence.
Mr. Henderson's life for twenty-eight years has been largely
absorbed in the work of the law. His firms have been engaged
in all of the important cases in and near Aiken county. The
published reports of the supreme court of South Carolina, and
records of the United States court for that state, show the number
and nature of the cases engaged in. Mr. E. P. Henderson has
given personal attention to nearly every case his firm has man-
aged in that period, and he has appeared in the trials of a large
majority of them. His special talent is in the preparation of
202 EDWARD PALMER HENDERSON
cases, and in the management of the lucrative practice of the
business of his firm. He has taken part in many of the business
enterprises in his locality and is adviser for many corporations
in his county. He was elected one of the vice-presidents of the
State Bar association for the year 1906.
The community in which he lives respects him as a man and
trusts him in every way. His record with all the judges of
the courts of his state is that he is competent, careful, always
prepared, and fair. By his own efforts he has acquired a com-
petency in his life work, and his financial credit is excellent.
He is a responsible officer in the Presbyterian church and values
highly this position. He is very happy in his family relations
and feels that God has been good to him indeed.
On October 11, 1883, Mr. Henderson married Miss Harriett
Lee Johnson. They have had five children, three of whom are
living in 1907.
His address is Aiken, South Carolina.
CHARLES HAMMETT HENRY
HENRY, CHARLES HAMMETT, son of J. B. and Mary
E. Henry, was born at Greenville, South Carolina, Sep-
tember 19, 1871. His father was engaged in the cotton
Charles Henry as a boy enjoyed excellent health and was
fond of outdoor exercise. His youth was passed in Greenville,
South Carolina. He attended Furman university two years, but
did not graduate, withdrawing on account of temporary trouble
with his eyesight. The lines of reading w r hich most appealed to
him were history, political economy and psychology.
Among the influences which have most affected the life and
character of Mr. Henry may be named: home, school, and asso-
ciation in early life with able business men. His choice of
occupation was determined by circumstances. His active life
work began in 1890. He accepted a position as bookkeeper at
the Camperdown Cotton mills in Greenville. After two years
spent at this work, he went into the newspaper business in 1891,
and, with the exception of two years, he has followed this work
continuously ever since. In 1900 he established the "Spartanburg
Journal," a daily newspaper which has achieved great success.
Of this paper he is sole owner, editor and manager.
Mr. Henry is a member of the Chi Psi fraternity and of the
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In politics he is a
Democrat. He is a member of the Protestant Episcopal church.
His views are liberal and tolerant on all subjects. To the young
he commends, above all things, the development of character,
supplemented by habits of energy, system, persistence and deter-
mination, and the cultivation of resourcefulness and self-reliance.
On September 29, 1897, he married Ruth Petty, daughter of
Captain and Mrs. Charles Petty, of Spartanburg. Two children
are still (1907) living.
His address is Spartanburg, South Carolina.
WILLIAM GODBER HINSON
HINSON, WILLIAM GODBER, planter, and a pioneer
in practical agricultural drainage and in the use of
commercial fertilizers in South Carolina, was born on
James Island, Charleston county, December 23, 1838. His father,
Joseph Benjamin Hinson, was a planter "whose keen sense of jus-
tice and the judicial fairness of whose mind" strongly impressed
those who knew him. His mother was Mrs. Juliana (Rivers)
Hinson, and through her he is descended from Captain Robert
Rivers, who came from England about 1710 and settled on James
Island. Benjamin Stiles, who came from England a little later
and settled on James Island, as well as Captain Joseph Hinson,
who came from Bermuda in 1797 to make a home for himself on
James Island, are among the more prominent of his kinspeople
in earlier generations. To his mother he feels that he is greatly
indebted for the elements of moral and spiritual training.
Born in the country, he had for the most part good health
in his childhood, and he knew the interests and occupation of
boys who grew up upon a farm or plantation in the second half
of the last century. The circumstances of his father's family
were such as to relieve him from the need of working to secure
the means for an education. He attended the schools of James
Island, Bluffton and Greenwood; and, later, he was for a time
at Mount Zion academy, at Winnsboro.
The outbreak of the War between the States found him
promptly enlisted under the banner of his state, and as lieutenant
of Company G in the Seventh South Carolina cavalry he served
throughout the war, from 1861 to 1865, and surrendered at Appo-
mattox with the Army of Northern Virginia. During the war
he was wounded three times. In the year after the close of
hostilities he took up his father's business, that of a planter, at
James Island. His own personal preference and circumstances,
and the interests of his family, led him to follow his father in
this line of life.
In enumerating the influences which have been strongest in
his life he places first the home of his childhood and the influence
of his family circle, and second, contact with men in active life.
WILLIAM GODBER HINSON 207
He has interested himself especially in the drainage of agri-
cultural land. Not only has he studied this for himself, and for
the management of his own property, but he has disseminated
information among the farmers and planters of his state upon
this subject, and he has used his influence in the different agri-
cultural societies with which he is connected to promote scientific
drainage and the use of commercial fertilizers. When he began
to agitate in favor of these forms of scientific agriculture, imme-
diately after the war, there was great need of public enlighten-
ment upon these matters, which are now much more thoroughly
understood by all farmers and planters through the influence of
the state agricultural colleges and the agricultural experiment
stations, and the literature which these institutions prepare and
circulate. Mr. Hinson deserves much credit for his early and
prolonged advocacy of drainage and scientifically selected ferti-
As a planter he has found that most of his interests, and
many of his strongest personal friendships, led him toward mem-
bership in agricultural societies. He is a member and director
of the Commercial club, but with that exception the organizations
to which he belongs are the State Agricultural and Mechanical
society (the oldest agricultural organization in the United States,
though not chartered until a year after a society in Massachu-
setts), of which he has been an officer more than thirty years;
the South Carolina Agricultural society, in which he has held
office nearly as long; and various other organizations which have
for their end the advancement of the agricultural interests. For
some time, when it was a large and influential body, he was
president of the Farmers' Alliance, which, in recent years, has
been largely superseded by other organizations.
His religious associations and convictions identify him with
the Protestant Episcopal church. He is a Democrat, and has
never acted with any other political party or organization. He
has never married.
While Mr. Hinson speaks with great modesty of his own life
as "simple and retired," those who have watched the development
of the agricultural interests of South Carolina give him credit
for example and achievement which have been of very material
advantage to his neighborhood and to the state.
His address is Charleston, South Carolina.
Vol. II. S. C. 10.
GEORGE JUDSON HOLLIDAY
HOLLIDAY, GEORGE JUDSON, farmer, merchant and
dealer in real estate, a lawyer by professional study,
although he has never practiced his profession, and a
state senator, was born June 10, 1875, at Galivant's Ferry, South
Carolina, where he still (1907) resides. His father, Joseph
William Holliday, a farmer and merchant, had been county
commissioner of Horry county, and left a considerable estate.
He had refused several political honors; and he is described by
one who knew him as "a man of great strength of character,
possessed of a wonderful amount of energy and determination,
and of a great store of common sense a man whose pungent and
practical sayings are still quoted in Horry county." His mother,
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Grissette Holliday, strongly influenced his
moral and spiritual life, although she died on his fourteenth
His father's ancestors were of English and Welsh descent,
while his mother's family, Huguenots, came from France and
settled on the southern coast of South Carolina. Among his
father's kinspeople several have been prominent in the history of
Virginia as statesmen and educators. Governor Holliday was
known as "the governor with a conscience." His mother's father,
R. G. W. Grissette, was a state senator from Horry county.
Born in the country, having frail health as a boy, George
Holliday grew stronger by indulging in out-of-door sports, hunt-
ing, fishing and horseback riding. While the circumstances of
his family were such that he did no work from motives of self-
support, he was required by his father to work on the farm, "to
hoe and to plough," and he was charged with the especial duty
of looking after the cattle, to see that they were properly fed
and housed. Entirely apart from reasons of economy, his father
required all his children to work, "the daughters to learn to cook
and sew and do housework," the sons "to do thoroughly well any
work that came to hand, if their assistance were needed, in farm
The family removed to Marion when he was twelve years
old, especially to secure better school facilities for the children.
GEORGE JUDSON HOLLIDAY 211
His father purchased the old Planters hotel; and as a boy he
served as clerk there, and among the guests and traveling men
from various states and counties he formed many interesting
acquaintances; and he believes that his acquaintance with trade
and business interests of all kinds, and whatever facility he has
in meeting men for the transaction of business, is in large part
due to the early experience and the wide acquaintance which he
acquired in hotel life there.
He first attended the public county schools of Horry county,
then the Marion graded school, the Bethel Military academy,
Bethel, Virginia; and he took the last two years of the college
course at Center college, Danville, Kentucky, from which insti-
tution he was graduated with the degree of B. L. in 1897.
He had already been for two years a member of the faculty
of the Hogsett Military academy, of Danville, Kentucky, and he
was admitted to the bar of Kentucky at the age of twenty-one,
before his graduation from college, and proceeding to Harvard
university, he did post-graduate work in law and English from
1897 to 1899. In 1899 he became a clerk and assistant in his
father's business of farming and merchandising and real estate
at Galivant's Ferry. He had expected to practice law, but his
father's health was already undermined, and feeling that he
ought to relieve his father as much as possible from business cares
and feeling always that strong desire to succeed in whatever he
undertook, which had won for him prizes, medals and distinction
in his course of study, he soon became deeply interested in busi-
ness, and after his father's death he purchased from the other
heirs the business of his father at Galivant's Ferry.
Mr. Holliday is still a comparatively young man, and the
care of his father's estate (of which he is an executor), and his
service as guardian of the younger children, together with the
prosecution of his own business, has engrossed most of his time.
From 1900 to 1902 he was a member of the county board of
education in Horry county. He has been a delegate to several
of the state Democratic conventions. He is also state senator
from Horry county. He has been zealous in the upbuilding and
development of the schools of his county, and worked for the
interests of the county and state at large.
He is connected with the Baptist church. He is a Mason
and a Knight of Pythias. While at school and college he was
GEORGE JTJDSON HOLLIDAY
much interested in athletics, and took several medals and prizes,
having represented Center college at the amateur athletic asso-
ciation at Chicago, where he won two medals in the sprinting
race, and equaled the world's record for the hundred-yard dash.
At Harvard he won several athletic distinctions. He is very fond
of hunting and fishing, but of late years he declines to take time
from business and professional duties to indulge his fondness for
On June 19, 1901, Mr. Holliday married Miss Flora Johnson,
daughter of Solicitor John Monroe Johnson, of Marion, South
Carolina. Of their four children, two daughters are living in
His address is Galivant's Ferry, South Carolina.
DANIEL EDWARD HYDRIGK
HYDRICK, DANIEL EDWARD, was born August 6,
1860, in Orangeburg, South Carolina. He was the son
of Jacob H. Hydrick and Margaret Hildebrand Hydrick.
His father was a farmer, a man of marked character, noted for
honesty, truthfulness and tenacity of purpose. His mother, who
was possessed of more than ordinary intellectual attainments,
devoted herself to the education and moral training of her
children. To her influence, and to the inspiration derived from
her high ideals of life and character, more than to anything
else, Daniel Hydrick attributes what measure of success he has
Daniel Hydrick's maternal grandfather was Jacob Hilde-
brand, whose wife was Jemima Leonard. His paternal grand-
mother was an Evans.
Daniel Hydrick's early life was uneventful but pleasant.
He enjoyed good health, was fond of reading, but never took
much interest in boyish or outdoor sports. His youth was passed
in the country on his father's farm. He did all sorts of farm
work, and was clerk in a grocery store, and later in a drug store,
seeking always to do as well as he could whatever he undertook.
Daniel Hydrick's opportunities for schooling were meager,
the terms being short and irregular, but he was determined to
obtain a collegiate education and so made the most of the limited
opportunities afforded by these schools. He attended Captain
Hugh S. Thompson's Columbia Male academy about one-half
session. In October, 1876, when sixteen years of age, he entered
the preparatory department of Wofford college at Spartanburg,
Early in the spring of the next year he went home on account
of his mother's last sickness. He kept up his studies at home,
however, without the aid of a teacher, returned to Wofford in
the fall of 1877 and entered the freshman class. In Wofford he
continued until the completion of the junior year, when he was
awarded the medal offered by the alumni association for the
highest proficiency in general scholarship. Leaving Wofford,
214 DANIEL EDWARD HYDRICK
Daniel Hydrick went to Vanderbilt university, Nashville, Ten-
nessee, and pursued a classical and literary course. At the end of
his first year he was given a scholarship for proficiency in Greek.
He was graduated in May, 1882, with the degree of A. B. He
took with him, also, certificates showing that he lacked but two
branches of having completed the course leading to the degree
of A. M. He was offered a post-graduate fellowship in the
department of English language and literature, but declined it.
The studies which have done most for Mr. Hydrick are
the classics, the English language, literature and history. The
masterpieces of thought and expression are, in his judgment, of
inestimable value, and, at the head of the list, he unhesitatingly
places the Bible and Shakespeare. The influences of his mother,
private study, school, contact with men, and early companionship,
may be noted as the forces which have most affected his life.
In October, 1882, he accepted the principalship of the Dar-
lington Male academy, where he taught for three years. At the
end of this time he gave up the school, studied law, and in 1886,
at the spring term of the supreme court, was admitted by that
body to the bar. He practiced in Spartanburg until elected
circuit judge. For about eight years he practiced with Captain
John W. Carlisle, as Carlisle & Hydrick. From 1894 until 1905
he practiced at Union, South Carolina, with J. A. Sawyer, as
Hydrick & Sawyer, and from the fall of 1895 to January, 1900,
he practiced with Honorable Stanyarne Wilson, at Spartanburg,
South Carolina, as Hydrick & Wilson. From 1895 to 1900, Mr.
Hydrick served as county attorney. In 1897 he was elected to
fill the unexpired term in the South Carolina house of represen-
tatives; in 1898 he was reflected for a full term; in 1900 he was
elected state senator, and in 1904 was reflected.
As an able, scholarly and conscientious lawyer, Mr. Hydrick
won a commanding position at the bar and in the councils of his
state. In 1905, by an act almost unprecedented in the legislative
annals of South Carolina, a judge whose term was expiring was
set aside; and on the first ballot Mr. Hydrick was elected judge
of the seventh judicial circuit.
Judge Hydrick is a member of the Masonic order, of the
Knights of Pythias, Red Men, and the State Bar association.
Since 1902 he has been eminent commander of Spartanburg
Commandery, Number 3, Knights Templar. He is a member of
DANIEL EDWARD HYDRICK 215
Oasis Temple of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He was also
a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity at Wofford college.
Judge Hydrick is a lifelong Democrat, and a member of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He enjoys horseback riding
and is fond of bird shooting, but he has not devoted much time
to outdoor sports. Upon every young American he would impress
the conviction that there is no royal road to success, and the
necessity of being honest, sober and industrious. These virtues,
he believes, coupled with even a moderate degree of ability, with
high ideals of the duties and responsibilities of life and a tena-
cious purpose to do something worth while, will not only insure
success, but peace, happiness and wealth.
On October 24, 1882, Judge Hydrick married Rosa Lee,
daughter of Major John A. Lee, of Spartanburg. Four children
have been born of this marriage, two girls and two boys. All
are now (1907) living.
His address is 47 Lee street, Spartanburg, South Carolina.
JOHN MURGHISON JACKSON
JACKSON, JOHN MURCHISON, merchant and farmer,
residing at Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South Caro-
lina, was born at Clio, in that county, on the 23d of May,
1853, the son of Owen Jackson.
His mother's family trace their descent from Philip Murchi-
son, who married Miss Margaret McRae, and emigrated from
Inverness, Scotland, about 1775, settling first at Wilmington,
North Carolina, shortly afterward removing to Fayetteville,
North Carolina, and subsequently to Selkirk, Marion county,
South Carolina. His father's grandfather, Edward Jackson,
came from Virginia just at the close of the Revolutionary war
and settled on Cat Fish creek, in Marion county, South Carolina.
The history of Marion county, by W. W. Sellers, contains sketches
of several members of the Jackson family.
In his early years slender of physique and frail in health,
he feels that he owes his later good health to the out-of-door
country life he knew in his boyhood. Fishing and shooting were
his favorite sports; and to the work which he did on the farm,
in assisting his father and brothers in the support of the family,
he attributes his good health, while it gave him business-like
habits which have been of value to him in later life. His oppor-
tunities for attending school were limited, and the facilities
offered by the country schools within his reach were meager.
When he was nineteen he left home to take the position of
salesman in a country store near Marion, South Carolina. In
the fall of 1873 he entered a store at Bennettsville, which was
owned by his uncle, John D. Murchison, whom he succeeded in
business, January 1, 1884. His attention to business and his
integrity and public spirit led his fellow -townsmen to choose him
an alderman of the town ; and he served as chairman of the first
board of public works, which installed the electric light plant of
the town. He has also been a trustee of the graded schools of
Bennettsville for the last eleven years, and is now chairman of
On the 10th of November, 1887, he married Miss Elizabeth
Walker Duval. daughter of Mareen H. H. Duval, who came from
JOHN MURCHISON JACKSON 219
Maryland and settled in Cheraw, Chesterfield county. They have
had seven children, all of whom are living in 1907. A member
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Mr. Jackson has
served as a steward (and recently chairman of the board) of the
Methodist church at Bennettsville for the last twenty years.
Having acquired a competence, Mr. Jackson now exercises
only a general supervision of his large business, leaving the
details to his employees. He is a Democrat in politics and has
uniformly supported the principles and nominees of his party.
Horseback riding has been his favorite form of exercise, and
the raising of poultry his diversion from regular business. He
suggests to the young people of his state, as a key to success in
life : "Be perfectly honest in small things as well as great ; finish
every undertaking which you begin ; and never play any game of
JOSEPH TRAVIS JOHNSON
JOHNSON, JOSEPH TEA VIS, lawyer, and member of
congress from the fourth district of South Carolina, was
born in Brewerton, Laurens county, South Carolina, Feb-
ruary 28, 1858. His parents were Benjamin and Mary (Medlock)
Johnson. His father was a farmer by occupation, and was a
highly respected citizen, but never sought or held a public office.
The grandfather of the subject of this sketch removed from
Virginia to South Carolina about the year 1820.
In childhood and youth Joseph T. Johnson lived in the
country. His father died in 1860, and the War between the
States swept away nearly all of the property he had accumulated.
A little land was left, however, and as soon as he was able to
work, the youth was required to assist regularly in its cultivation.
His health was good, and the outdoor work, though it seemed
hard at the time, promoted his bodily growth and mental devel-
opment, and, as he was convinced later on, proved of great and
permanent benefit. When he was fourteen years of age he sus-
tained an irreparable loss in the death of his mother. From
infancy she had exerted a powerful influence upon his moral and
intellectual natures, and her last words to him were the expression
of a strong desire that he should lead an irreproachable life. He
was anxious to obtain a thorough education, but being left alone
in the world at this early age, and with very limited means, it
was exceedingly difficult for him to make satisfactory progress
in his studies. He attended country schools for a while and then
entered upon a course of study at Erskine college, from which
institution he was graduated in 1879. Afterward he studied law
and on June 1, 1883, he began the practice of his profession at
Laurens, South Carolina. Here he was successful from the first
and became well known as an able advocate. This, however, did
not satisfy his ambition. From early years he had felt a strong
desire to enter political life. Even when he was only a lad he
told people with whom he came in contact that he intended
sometime to go to congress, and perhaps to reach even a higher
position. While he now feels that all of his early hopes cannot
be fulfilled, he has the great satisfaction of having carried out
JOSEPH TRAVIS JOHNSON 221
his plan of becoming a member of congress. In this capacity he
has served his constituents repeatedly and ably. He was elected
to the fifty-seventh congress in 1900, and, by reelections, became
a member of the fifty-eighth, fifty-ninth and sixtieth congresses.
As he has always been a Democrat, he was a member of the
minority party in congress and was thus prevented from taking
an active part in shaping legislation. But in spite of this handi-
cap he rendered excellent service to the country at large, and was
especially helpful to the district which he more immediately
represented. He has been a careful student of matters of current
interest, and has paid special attention to financial affairs. The
results of his studies in the last named line may be found in his
book on "The Money Question," which was published in 1895,
and which was well received.
Mr. Johnson is a Royal Arch Mason, a Knight Templar, a
Shriner, and a member of the Knights of Pythias. His religious
affiliation is with the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Earlier
in life he found his principal mode of relaxation in playing chess,
but of late years he has had very little time for this or any other
On July 30, 1890, he was married to Sarah Anderson, and
of their six children, five are now (1907) living.
The address of Mr. Johnson is 136 North Converse street,
Spartanburg, South Carolina.
ADAM CRANE JONES
JONES, ADAM CRANE, merchant, was born in Laurens,
Laurens county, South Carolina, June 2, 1855. His parents
were Benjamin F. and Katharine F. Jones. His father was
a farmer, honest and energetic, with decided convictions, who
served in the Confederate States army throughout the war, and
was severely wounded in the battle of the Wilderness. The
earliest ancestors of the family in this country came from Wales,
Scotland, and Ireland, and settled in the vicinity of the old
Ninety- Six district. They bore the family names of Jones, Mac-
beth, Wilks, and Blakeley. A. C. Jones, a great-grandfather on
the paternal side of the subject of this sketch, was a soldier in the
War of the Revolution. His grandfather on the maternal side
was of Irish descent, who married a Wilks, settled in Laurens
county, and was a Whig in politics. The Macbeth family came
from Scotland before 1789. They were stanch Presbyterians,
and brought with them their family Bible, which was printed in
Scotland in 1642 and contains family records about as far back
as 1600. This Bible is now in possession of Mrs. J. H. Oliver,
of Cherokee Springs, South Carolina, who is a lineal descendant
of John Macbeth, its first owner.
In childhood and youth Adam Crane Jones lived in the
country, but within a few miles of a thriving town. He was well
and strong. His tastes and interests were divided between books,
of which he was very fond; hunting and other outdoor sports,
and work on the farm. He was religiously inclined and had a
strong desire to obtain an education, but the circumstances of the
family were such that he was obliged to spend a considerable part
of his time in farm work. Even in boyhood he had to plough and
do nearly all the various, and in some instances difficult, kinds of
farm labor. The country schools of those days gave very meager
educational advantages, but they were the best that were within
his reach. Even these were closed to him more than half the
time, for he was obliged to work on the farm one year and could
attend school only a part of the next year. In 1869, when only
fourteen years of age, he attended school in Union county, and
there completed his public education. As he could take only a
ADAM CRANE JONES 225
part of the prescribed course of study, he was never graduated.
After leaving school he returned to his father's farm in
Laurens county. There he remained until September, 1871, when
he became a clerk in a store. He chose this occupation in hope
that he could support himself and could also have some time in
the evenings which could be devoted to study. For two years
from 1871 he was clerk in a dry goods store in Clinton; during
the next four years he was a clerk in dry goods stores at New-
berry. He then became a merchant in Newberry, which business
he followed until 1882. In 1883 he was appointed clerk to
Captain James N. Lipscomb, secretary of state of South Carolina,
which position he held for four years and declined the offer of a
reappointment by Major Leitner, who then succeeded Captain
Lipscomb as secretary of state. In 1887 he became a salesman,
and from that time until 1900 represented various firms, working
mostly in South Carolina, but in some instances also in North
Carolina. From November, 1900, to March 31, 1905, he was
traveling salesman for Arnold, Constable & Company, for South
Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia. At the
end of his term of service for this company he again engaged in
the mercantile business at Newberry, where he still remains. Of
the books which have been most, helpful in preparing him for
and in enabling him to carry on his work most successfully he
names : the Bible ; history, especially that relating to the United
States and to South Carolina ; newspapers and magazines, together
with the current literature of the day.
The first impulse to strive to secure the prizes of life came
in early youth in the desire to pay his way and to increase his
educational advantages. His choice of an occupation was due to
his own personal preference. In estimating the relative value of
certain specified influences upon his success in life he names, first,
that of home, where he was taught to reverence the Bible and
honor God; second, school; third, early companionship; fourth,
private study ; fifth, contact with men of high principle and noble
purpose. The sports which he finds most helpful for relaxation
are hunting and driving, and he enjoys all kinds of innocent
amusement, but he adds that his time has been so completely
occupied with business affairs that he has for many years been
able to give very little attention to any of them. Mr. Jones is
affiliated with several fraternities and societies, including Amity
226 ADAM CRANE JONES
lodge, No. 87, of which he is past master ; member Signet Chapter,
No. 18; member Columbia Council, No. 5; Oasis Temple, Char-
lotte, North Carolina ; Columbia Commandery, No. 2 ; Knights of
Pythias, No. 75, and member board of trustees; member United
Commercial Travelers; the Travelers' Protective association;
member Interstate Committee Young Men's Christian association,
and has been connected with association work since 1877. His
first active work in politics was during the Hampton movement
in 1876. He was at this time vice-president of the first young
men's Democratic club organized in his county, and strongly
advocated the policy of nominating a "straight-out" Democratic
party ticket, which policy finally prevailed. Except on the free
silver issue, he has always adhered to the Democratic party, but
from 1892 until the cause was successful he was earnestly engaged
in efforts to secure a prohibitory law in place of the state dispen-
sary. In order to further this interest he decided in April, 1905,
to become a candidate for governor in the Democratic primary
for 1906. His appeal to the Democrats of the state was "to vote
the dispensaries out county by county, and at the same time to
elect men to the legislature who will enforce the law and give
the people a clean, economical, business administration." He thus
represented all Democrats who were opposed to the dispensary
system, and all Prohibitionists who would prevent the sale of
intoxicating liquors as a beverage in any form. The election was
held in November, 1906, and resulted in the overthrow of the
dispensary system. His religious affiliation is with the Presby-
terian church, in which he has held the office of deacon since 1877.
Mr. Jones was married on November 15, 1877, to Lula M.
Greneker. Of their four children, three are now (1907) living.
In reply to a request for suggestions as to principles, methods
and habits which will most help young people to attain true
success in life, he says: "First, a due regard to health; second,
the importance of a well-rounded Christian character; third, to
learn to do everything in school and in business well; fourth,
after learning to do well, learn to do quickly; fifth, to perform
the smallest duty as carefully and as well as if much depended
upon the manner it was done ; sixth, to let your word be as good
as your bond in every transaction in life; seventh, to be loyal to
your friends, yourself, and your country."
The postoffice address of Mr. Jones is Calhoun street, New-
berry, South Carolina.
JONES, WILIE, banker and brigadier-general of the South
Carolina militia, was born at Hillsboro, Orange county,
North Carolina, on the 17th of October, 1850. His father's
name was Cadwallader Jones, and that of his mother, Anna
Isabella Jones. His father was a farmer, a lawyer and a soldier.
He held the office of solicitor in North Carolina for thirty years,
and subsequently removed to South Carolina and became a mem-
ber of the senate of that state, from York county. During the
War between the States he was a colonel of the Twelfth South
Carolina regiment, Confederate States army. The earliest ances-
tors of Mr. Jones' family emigrated to America during the
seventeenth century, from Wales, England, Scotland and Ireland.
His great-grandfather, James Iredell, was associate justice of the
supreme court of the United States, and his grandfather, James
Iredell, Jr., was governor and United States senator from North
The 'early life of Mr. Jones was passed on his father's plan-
tation near Kock Hill, in York county, South Carolina, where
he ploughed cotton and corn when a youth. His health was good
and his tastes and interests soon turned to business, political and
military life. The whole course of his moral and intellectual
life was shaped by his mother, who was a devout member of the
Episcopal church. He received a common school education, but
was never able to attend college. He began the active work of
life as a clerk in a store at Rock Hill, but subsequently, at the
age of nineteen, obtained a position in the Carolina National
bank, in Columbia, South Carolina, and has remained in this
bank ever since, being cashier for twenty-three years, and rising
finally to the office of vice-president, which he now holds. Mr.
Jones was the architect of his own fortune. He has been a great
student of human nature, and much of his success is due to his
knowledge of men. He was a member of the state Democratic
committee of South Carolina, and has been secretary and treas-
urer thereof, and its chairman for the past twenty-five years.
He was a member of the Constitutional convention of South
Carolina in 1895, and colonel of the Second South Carolina
230 WTLIE JONES
regiment in the Spanish war. He was a member of the board
of directors of the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian
exposition, held at Charleston, December 1, 1901, to June 1, 1902.
Besides his last military service, he has had large experience as
a militia officer, having been a captain of the Governor's guards
of Columbia for fifteen years, colonel of the Second South Caro-
lina militia regiment for twelve years. He is now (1907) brigade
commander of the South Carolina troops, and is also president
of the chamber of commerce of the city of Columbia. He is a
prominent member of the Knights of Pythias, the Elks, and
the Masonic fraternity. He has always been a member of the
Democratic party and of the Episcopal church. The dominant
traits of General Jones' character are pluck and energy, joined to
a spirit of mildness and to bland and gentle manners, which have
contributed greatly to his success in life.
General Jones' postoffice address is Columbia, South Carolina.
CHARLES HALLETTE JUDSON
JUDSON, CHARLES HALLETTE, LL. D., professor of
mathematics and astronomy in Furman university, Green-
ville, South Carolina, was born in Monroe, Connecticut,
April 20, 1820. His parents were both of pure English stock.
His father, Charles Judson, was a man of sterling qualities and
became one of the most prominent men in his community in
business and social circles. He was noted for a high sense of
honor, a strict adherence to principle and rare good judgment.
While not having a collegiate education, he was by nature gifted
with a fine mind, which was cultivated by reading, by keen
observation and by association with men of education and culture.
His grandfather, James Judson, lived and died in Connecticut,
and was distinguished for his sterling worth, business habits and
correct principles. The mother of Dr. Charles H. Judson, wife
of Charles Judson, was Miss Abi Sherman, and a relative of the
distinguished Roger Sherman.
Professor Judson's earliest education was obtained at the
public school in his own town. From this he was sent to a high
school near his home, taught by a graduate of Yale. He was
afterwards sent to New Haven to prepare himself for business.
Not long after going to that city he became interested in meetings
in one of the Baptist churches of the place. He professed faith
and joined the Baptist church. At about the same time, Locke's
"Essay on the Human Understanding" fell into his hands. These
two circumstances combined to change the current of his life.
As a result, he resolved upon leaving business and continuing
studies. He entered Hamilton Literary and Theological institute,
located at Hamilton, New York. He remained there two years
and was then compelled to teach for awhile to obtain means with
which to prosecute his studies. Ever since that day he has been
able to sympathize with the poor boy struggling for an education.
He went from Hamilton to Virginia, where he taught several
years, and then entered the University of Virginia, where he
remained two years. This course helped him to shape his work
as a teacher for life. There he formed high ideals as to what a
college ought to be, and these high ideals he has had before him
Vol. II. S. C. 11.
234 CHARLES HALLETTE JUDSON
for fifty years and more, and this has largely made Furman
university what it is.
In 1847 he married Miss Emily Bosher, of Richmond, Vir-
ginia. Together they walked life's journey, till May, 1903, when
she entered her heavenly rest. Soon after their marriage he
began teaching a boys' school in Loudon, Virginia. After two
years here he went to Warrenton, Virginia, where he remained
teaching one year. While at Warrenton he heard of a vacancy
in an institution of learning at Ansonville, North Carolina, and
without friends there, or special influence, or even acquaintance
in the college or community, he journeyed thither and made
application for the position. In 1851, while seeking pupils for
this school, he heard of the proposed opening of Furman univer-
sity, at Greenville, South Carolina, and that a faculty would soon
be elected. He applied for the chair of mathematics and physics
and was elected. That was a good day for Furman university,
Greenville, and for South Carolina. He has filled the chair of
mathematics ever since, and even now, in his eighty-sixth year,
he still meets with his classes in astronomy, and is in close touch
with the classes in mathematics, though the daily routine of that
work is thrown upon the shoulders of another. When he became
connected with Furman there was no building, no equipment, and
only a small endowment. He selected the plans and superin-
tended the erection of the first college building; he purchased
the apparatus and equipments, and has led every movement since
then for the growth, improvement, enlargement of the buildings,
grounds and endowment, and has largely directed in fixing the
course of study and the standard of the institution. Until
recently he was the treasurer and managed the funds and prop-
erty, and it was very largely due to his prudence, foresight,
personal sacrifices, unremitting watchfulness, and faithfulness,
that the college property, funds and equipment were not lost
entirely during the War between the States and in the dark days
of financial stringency since. The institution has grown up
around two men, Doctor Judson and Doctor James C. Furman,
the first president. Doctor Judson has for many years been the
dean of the faculty, and was for a year or more acting president,
and he refused the presidency of the institution.
During the War between the States, Doctor Judson was
president of the Greenville Female college, and for several years
CHARLES HALLETTE JUDSON 235
after the war. In this position he was instrumental in saving
that institution also. He managed its affairs with great ability,
saved its property, and contributed to its support during seasons
of great depression and stringency. In the recent effort to
increase the endowment of Furman university he contributed
over twenty-six thousand dollars. He is not a rich man, but by
frugality, economy and good management he accumulated some
means, and he has always been generous, and a liberal contributor
to benevolent, charitable and religious purposes. He is a Baptist,
not a minister, but has been deacon in the First Baptist church,
Greenville, for many years. He is devout, consistent in life,
broad in his sympathies, and his fellow-men have the utmost
confidence in his exalted character.
Doctor Judson made Greenville his home in 1851, and the
upbuilding of Furman university his life work, and nothing has
changed his purpose. He has given his life and his property to
that institution. He has had the opportunity, time and again,
of changing his home and going elsewhere. Twice he was offered
the presidency of the Judson institute, Marion, Alabama, and
twice that of the Richmond Female institute, Richmond, Vir-
ginia, and twice he was offered a professorship in Richmond
college. After settling at Greenville he was never a place-seeker,
his one aim and ambition being to make Furman university
worthy of the people of the state-
As a scholar and teacher he is preeminent. He is well
known in the realm of letters and science. His papers have been
copied into the leading scientific journals of the day. One of
these, "An Investigation of the Mathematical Relations between
Zero and Infinity," is noticed in full in the "Analyst" for 1881.
He assisted in compiling Wentworth's Geometry. 1879, and pub-
lished and assisted in revising many other text books on geometry
and algebra. As a mathematician he has probably no superior
in the South, and few superiors anywhere. More than that, no
student ever sat under Professor Judson to learn mathematics
and went away, either with or without a diploma in this school,
in just the same ethical mood that he came. He was taught
mathematics, he imbibed great moral ideas. His idea of life, of
duty, of obligation, and manhood, underwent a change as inevi-
236 CHARLES HALLETTE JUDSON
table as that brought about by the science of mathematics in the
domain of the pure intellect.
Since the above sketch was written, and was revised by the
editor, Professor Judson has been called away. He died at his
home in Greenville on January 12, 1907. It is interesting to note
that about two weeks before his death the Carnegie Foundation
of New York city granted him an annuity of twelve hundred
dollars because of his eminence as a mathematician and in recog-
nition of his long term of service as a teacher in one institution.
JOHN ALEXANDER KELLEY
KELLEY, JOHN ALEXANDER, son of Joseph J. and
Ann J. Campbell Kelley, was born July 20, 1848, in
Clarendon county, South Carolina. His father was a
farmer, who died when the son was but three years old.
Mr. Kelley's paternal grandfather, Daniel J. Kelley, came
from Ireland to America just after the Revolutionary war. His
maternal grandfather, Alexander Campbell, was a soldier in the
Revolutionary war, and was said to have been a very active
patriot. Alexander Campbell's parents came from Scotland to
America prior to the Revolution.
As a boy John Kelley was strong and vigorous, and mani-
fested a great fondness for hunting and fishing, amusements
which, however, did not result in the neglect of his studies. He
was brought up in the town of Manning, Clarendon county, South
Carolina. His mother was left a widow when quite young and
in poor circumstances. This made it necessary for the boy to
cultivate the vegetable garden and do work of every kind about
the home until he went to college. To the habits of industry thus
early formed he attributes his subsequent success in life, work
having become with him a matter of fixed habit.
Among the influences that affected the character and devel-
opment of John Kelley, the greatest was that of his home, and
especially of his mother, whose greatest desire was to see her son
become a good and successful man. Education was possible for
him only by the surmounting of great difficulties, poverty being
the chief. As a mere boy, however, he attended the sessions of
the court in his home town and listened to the eloquent speeches
made by the attorneys at the bar. These inspired him with an
ambition to become a lawyer. In addition, he read history and
historical novels. He attended the academy at Manning, taught
by John Witherspoon Ervin. As a sixteen-year-old boy, he
entered the Confederate army, continuing there for one year.
In 1866 he entered South Carolina university and took an elective
course. Being poor, he taught school and studied law, receiving
books and assistance from Johnson & Johnson, of Marion, South
240 JOHN ALEXANDER KELLEY
In 1872 he was admitted to the bar. His active life-work
began in 1869 as a teacher in Marion county. His chief business,
however, has been that of a lawyer. In 1888 he served a term in
the legislature of the state. He has always been deeply interested
in everything tending to local improvement, and has done much
to build up the town. It was through his influence that the new
railroad depot was erected, and he organized a cotton seed oil
mill which is an important industry. About three years ago he
secured the erection of a handsome school academy building in
the town, and he has since aroused sufficient interest to induce
the voters of the district to provide for another building for the
same purpose at a cost of several thousand dollars. He is vice-
president of the Bank of Kingstree, in the organization of which
he took a prominent part. Mr. Kelley took an active part in the
redemption of Williamsburg county from Radical rule. He is a
Mason and a Knight of Pythias. In the Masonic lodge he has
held the office of master and district deputy grand master. In
politics he has always been a Democrat, His religious affiliation
is with the Methodist church, of which he is an active member
and to which he is a most liberal contributor. The practice of
law he varies with attention in summer to his farm and to bird
hunting in winter.
Captain Kelley feels that he has made serious failures ; these,
however, having been due primarily to defective eyesight, which
prevented proper application to his studies. To the young he
suggests that the acquiring of the habit of early industry will
contribute more than anything else to their success.
Mr. Kelley married, October 29, 1872, Elizabeth B. Boyd,
daughter of Dr. Robert J. Boyd, of the South Carolina Methodist
conference, and Rachel B. Boyd. They have had three children,
two of whom are now (1907) living.
His address is Kingstree, Williamsburg county, South Caro-
JAMES PINGKNEY KINARD
KINARD, JAMES PINCKNEY, son of John M. and
Lavinia Rook Kinard, was born at Kinards, in Newberry
county, South Carolina, July 17, 1864. His father was a
planter, and, until his death on the field of battle, captain of
Company F of the Twentieth regiment of South Carolina vol-
Until seven years of age James Kinard lived in the country.
He then moved with his mother to the town of Newberry. Unlike
many town boys, however, he was trained to work. The influence
of his mother was strong on his moral life. Educational oppor-
tunities were available for him in youth only with difficulty;
nevertheless, he was enabled to attend, first, the Newberry Male
academy, and, later, Newberry college and the South Carolina
Military acadenry. From the last named institution he was grad-
uated in 1886 with the degree of B. S. Afterward he studied in
Johns Hopkins university, from which institution he received in
1895 the degree of Ph. D.
Mr. Kinard began the active work of life as principal of the
Male academy at Newberry, South Carolina. Through life he
has been a teacher, serving as principal of the Newberry Male
academy from 1886 to 1888, as assistant professor of English in
the South Carolina Military academy from 1888 to 1891, and as
professor of English in Winthrop college, Rock Hill, South Caro-
lina, from 1895 to the present (1907) date. In 1902 he edited
"Old English Ballads," and in 1906 he published an "English
Grammar for Beginners." He is a Democrat in politics and a
Baptist in religion. On June 20, 1899, he married Lee Wicker.
Of this marriage have been born three children, all of whom are
now (1907) living.
His address is 339 Oakland avenue, Rock Hill, York county,
KUKEE, JOHN, the son of Deiderich H. Kuker and Sophie
Oestman Kuker, was born August 27, 1845, in Hamburg,
Germany. His father was a civil service employee in the
postoffice department, and was characterized by scrupulousness,
punctualitjr and system.
John Kuker in } 7 outh possessed rugged health and delighted
in athletic sports, boating and sailing especially. His youth was
passed in the city of Hamburg, Germany. No regular tasks were
required of him. Early education offered him no difficulties. He
was graduated in 1864 from the high school of Hamburg. His
reading lay in the lines of current literature, political economy,
statistics, and kindred subjects pertaining to practical business.
The study of botany in school turned his attention to the study
of drugs and led to his acceptance of a position in the drug firm
of Hasche & Woge, in Hamburg.
In early life Mr. Kuker was trained to habits of method and
system. Being always affable and courteous, he enjoyed extensive
friendship among people generally, and from these friends he
gained much in ideas and knowledge. For a time Mr. Kuker was
a pharmacist; later he became interested in general real estate,
loans and securities. He has also been alderman and mayor of
the city of Florence, serving nine years in the former and one
year in the latter capacity. He is president of the Commercial
and Savings bank of the city of Florence, vice-president of the
Florence Loan and Investment company, and a member of the
New York Cotton exchange. He is a member of the Masonic
fraternity, a Democrat, and a Lutheran. Traveling during the
summer months constitutes his chief relaxation.
To the young, Mr. Kuker says: "Cultivate decision of char-
acter, develop individuality, and avoid the listless, mechanical,
imitative habits which so many people of good ability fall into.
Don't constantly look to others, lest you become hopelessly
Mr. Kuker was married on August 12, 1870, to Miss Louise
Lay. Of this marriage six children have been born, five of
whom are living in 1907.
His address is Number 223 Evans street, Florence, South
JOHN ADGER LAW
EW, JOHN ADGER, son of Thomas Hart Law and Anna
Elizabeth Law, was born September 19, 1869, at Spar-
tanburg, South Carolina. His father was a clergyman,
the pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Spartanburg and
district superintendent of the American Bible society. He was
a consecrated Christian, and good business man as well. The
earliest known paternal ancestors in America were French Hu-
guenots; the maternal ancestors, Adger by name, were Scotch-
Irish, from Antrim county, Ireland. Dr. John B. Adger, uncle
of John A. Law, was a missionary to Armenia.
As a boy John Law was active and robust, fond of athletics,
of domestic work and horses. His early life was passed in the
town of Spartanburg. He was taught to do all light forms of
manual labor around the house, including carpentering, garden-
ing, and caring for animals. The chief influence in molding the
life and character of John Law were, first, the home, in which
his mother was a most potent factor; then, in order, men in
active life, early companionship, private study and school. For
reading, he was especially fond of the historical novel. Educa-
tion of both school and college grade was given him by his
parents. He attended private schools and Wofford college, grad-
uating from both. In 1887 he received the degree of A. B. from
Wofford college. His active work was begun in the capacity of
stenographer and typewriter. Into this, as into all subsequent
work, he threw himself with all his might, having been taught
from earliest childhood to strive for success in everything he
Mr. Law was from 1887 to 1889 private secretary to the
superintendent of the Southern Express company at Charlotte
and Wilmington, North Carolina; from 1889 to 1891 he was
bookkeeper for the First National bank of Spartanburg; from
1891 to 1901 he was cashier of the Spartanburg Savings bank;
from 1901 to the present (1907) time he has been president of the
Saxon mills; also, since 1903, president of the Central National
bank of Spartanburg, and of the Spartanburg Savings bank.
As a business man he has the confidence, esteem and best wishes
244 JOHN ADGER LAW
of all who know him; by nature, training, and associations, he
has the promise of a brilliant career, and the members of his
community are glad to entrust to him positions of responsibility.
Mr. Law is an elder in the Presbyterian church; but has
declined all political honors. He is a member of the National
Association of Manufacturers, of the American Bankers associa-
tion, and a member of the Converse College Choral club, and also
of the executive committee of the latter organization. In politics
he is a Democrat. He finds his relaxation in hunting, fishing,
tennis, horseback riding, and driving.
From the thwarted ambitions and shattered ideals of life
Mr. Law draws one lesson, namely: that of unending persever-
ance. To the young he commends a return to the simpler and
more economical methods of living of our forefathers to old-
fashioned honesty, energy, and sobriety.
On November 14, 1895, Mr. Law married Pearl S. Sibley,
daughter of William C. and Jane E. Sibley, of Augusta, Georgia.
Of their five children, four are living in 1907.
His address is Spartanburg, South Carolina.
JACOB ADAM LIGHTSEY
E'GHTSEY, JACOB ADAM, farmer, merchant, banker and
dealer in live stock, of Crocketville, Hampton county,
South Carolina, was born in Lexington county, South
Carolina, on the 20th of December, 1848. He is a son of a farmer,
John Frederick Lightsey, and Mrs. Teresa (Kinard) Lightsey.
His mother's family were descended from a German family who
settled near Newberry, South Carolina, in the last century.
Born in the country, as a boy fond of hunting, fishing and
riding horseback, he was early assigned regular tasks of farm
work and learned to do a full day's work with the negroes on his
father's farm. His opportunities for attending school were very
limited. He says: "The school held in an old pine-log school-
house near my early home gave me most of my education ; but I
read many books in my boyhood." In the War between the
States, young as he was, he served as a Confederate soldier in
Company F, Third South Carolina cavalry, Colonel C. J. Colcock,
from October, 1864, to April, 1865. He entered the Confederate
army when only sixteen years of age, answering to the last call
for troops, the "call for all from the cradle to the grave," as it
was popularly denominated. Officially it asked for all from six-
teen to sixty; and boys of sixteen and under entered the service,
while men of sixty and upwards, who had before been exempt,
were also called into the service.
Immediately after the war he began to earn his living by
working with his own hands on his own farm. His determined
ambition to acquire an independent property led him, in 1880, to
begin a general merchandising business. As he succeeded in this,
he developed a varied business, dealing in live stock, the manu-
facture and sale of lumber, and in horses and cattle. As his
capital increased he established a private business. His business
extended over two or three counties. At various times he has had
men identified with him as partners, but only to a very limited
extent until his sons became of age and were able to take an active
part in conducting his business. His various business interests
have grown into such proportions that it is divided into three
main lines : His son Frederick has general charge of the mercan-
248 JACOB ADAM LIGHTSEY
tile business; another son, Henry W., has general charge of the
saw mill and lumbering interests; while Mr. Lightsey gives his
personal attention to business in live stock and horses, and to his
extensive farming interests. In his business he has never asked
for extension of time; nor has he ever offered to pay any of his
large obligations at less than one hundred cents on the dollar.
He has always taken an active part in politics, but he has refused
time and again to run for office, his extensive business interests
precluding the possibility of leaving them for any considerable
length of time. He is one of the largest land-holders of that
section of the country, holding three thousand acres of timber.
Much of his progress in life he attributes to the influence and
assistance of his wife.
He was married, on December 14, 1873, to Miss Suzanna
Elizabeth Cone, daughter of W. F. Cone, of Barnwell county.
They have had six children, four of whom are living in 1907.
He married a second time, in 1894, Miss Addie E. Kearse, daugh-
ter of S. F. Kearse, of Hampton.
He is a director in the Bank of Hampton County, South
Carolina. He has been for years a commissioned officer in the
State militia. He is a Mason. He is a member of the Presby-
terian church, and for over twenty years he has been a deacon in
In politics he has always been a Democrat.
LEE DAVIS LODGE
E~>DGE, LEE DAVIS, president of Limestone college,
Gaifney, South Carolina, was born in Montgomery county,
in the state of Maryland, on the 24th day of November,
1865. His father was James L. Lodge, D. D., a leading minister
of the Baptist denomination; the name of his mother was Alice
Virginia Lodge. His father was a man of great intensity of
character, a finished writer and an eloquent speaker. The Lodge
family in America derives its descent from the English poet,
Thomas Lodge. Doctor Lodge's mother was a Warfield, related
to many prominent families in Maryland. He was a healthy
child, although his life was passed chiefly in cities. His tastes
in childhood were literary, with a special turn towards history;
his mother's character exerted a profound influence upon every
phase of his life. He attended high schools in Jersey City and
Newark, New Jersey, and obtained the degree of A. M. from
Columbian university, Washington, District of Columbia, in 1885.
After his graduation he pursued elaborate studies in French,
political science and philosophy at the Columbian university and
received from that institution the degree of Ph. D., for work
done, in 1892. Doctor Lodge has been married twice; first, to
Lelia Ella White, daughter of the Rev. S. R. White, of Rockville,
Maryland; and after her death he married, on August 25, 1897,
Mary Louise McClammy, daughter of the Hon. Charles W.
McClammy, United States representative from North Carolina.
He has had five children, of whom three are now (1907) living.
He began the active work of his life as tutor in Greek at
Columbian university, in September, 1884, a position offering an
excellent opening in the line of his chosen profession. From
earliest childhood his father and mother spared no pains to stir
his ambition. Home and school influence and the influence of
private study were very strong upon his intellectual development.
The writings of the idealistic philosophers Greek, French and
German greatly influenced his mind in the formative period of
its development, a development which was wisely directed by the
companionship of President Welling and Professor O. T. Mason,
of the Columbian university. For fifteen years he held profes-
250 LEE DAVIS LODGE
sorships in Columbian university, at Washington, District of
Columbia, resigning in 1899 to accept the presidency of Lime-
stone college, Gaffney, South Carolina, which position he now
Doctor Lodge has written "A Study in Corneille," published
in 1891, which has been highly commended by competent critics,
both French, English and American. He has also written a
number of occasional essays and reviews, and is now employed
upon a "History of French Philosophy," which he hopes soon to
publish. As a public speaker he has won considerable distinction.
He is a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity and the Cosmos
club of Washington, District of Columbia. In religion he is a
Baptist, and in politics a Democrat. Biographical notices of
Doctor Lodge have appeared in White's "Cyclopedia of Amer-
ican Biography," volume II; in Herringshaw's "Nineteenth Cen-
tury Biography," and in the various editions of "Who's Who in
His address is Gaffney, Cherokee county, South Carolina.
^ > lUC LIBRARY j
BENJAMIN LUGIOUS LOWERY
E'lWERY, BENJAMIN LUCIOUS, lumber merchant, and
until recently president of the Citizens bank at Seneca,
was born near Fairplay village, Oconee county, South
Carolina, May 4, 1844. His father, Andrew Jackson Lowery,
was a farmer and a man of upright character, who had many
friends in his community. His mother was Catherine Lowery.
He is a direct descendant of the Harrisons and Gordons, who
came to Virginia from Ireland about 1700.
Mr. Lowery was brought up on a farm. Owing to the
limited means of his father, his only school training was obtained
at odd times in a little country school. Although he had slight
opportunity for the study of books, his natural ambition enabled
him to gather much information from his associates. In 1867 he
started farming for himself in Oconee county. He had but one
horse and no help. After several years' hard work he came to
the conclusion that farming on so small a scale did not pay. In
1875 he started a small lumber mill. Following the example of
others who were successful, he went to work at this new under-
taking with a determination that was bound to bring results.
His business grew steadily, so that today the former owner of the
little mill in Oconee county is head of a large lumber plant in
Ellisville, Mississippi, president of the Farmers and Merchants
bank in the same city, and has only recently sold out his interest
in the Citizens bank of Seneca, of which he was also the president.
As advice to young men how to be equally successful in life, he
says: "If possible, take up your chosen profession with a deter-
mination to succeed. Above all, be honest, sober and truthful."
During the four years War between the States Mr. Lowery
fought as a private in the Confederate ranks. His favorite
amusement is driving.
On May 4, 1871, he was married to Miss S. C. Hunnicutt.
They have one child living in 1907.
His address is Seneca, Oconee county, South Carolina.
WILLIAM ERNEST LUCAS
E'TCAS, WILLIAM ERNEST, cotton manufacturer, of
Laurens, South Carolina, was born in Hartsville, Dar-
lington county, South Carolina, November 16, 1863.
He comes of distinguished ancestry, among his forebears
being such men as Benjamin Simons, who came from France and
settled in Charleston in 1685, and Jonathan Lucas, who came
from England in 1785 and also settled in Charleston. Jonathan
Lucas was the inventor of rice mills, and his son, Jonathan Lucas,
Jr., was noted for improvements upon this invention. Benjamin
Simons, third, his great great-grandfather, was a member of the
Jacksonboro legislature, and his father, Benjamin Simons Lucas,
Jr., is a physician and surgeon of considerable reputation, and a
man of marked intelligence, as well as urbanity of manner. His
mother, who was Miss Ellen S. King, was a woman of refinement
and true piety whose influence upon her son's life and upon his
mental and spiritual development has lasted him through life.
Mr. Lucas was a typical country boy, of strong and healthy
frame, which received added vigor from outdoor living and work
on his father's farm, in which he engaged for about two years
during his youth. His education was received at ordinary country
schools and at Wofford college.
His first entrance into business life was as a clerk in Harts-
ville, South Carolina, in the early eighties. In 1890 he became
president of the Morgan Iron Works at Spartanburg, South Caro-
lina, and in 1895 he organized the Laurens Cotton mills. In 1900
he was elected president of the Darlington Manufacturing com-
pany, and in 1903 he organized the Watts mills, of Laurens, of
which corporation he is president. His success as a manufacturer
has brought him into prominence throughout his state and has
also been the means of his acquisition of considerable wealth.
He is a member of the Protestant Episcopal church, and in
political affairs is identified with the Democratic party. His
principal forms of relaxation are riding and driving, his fondness
for horses and for outdoor life being a heritage from his boyhood
days on the farm. December 18, 1890, he married Miss Cora Cox.
WILLIAM ERNEST LUCAS 257
They have had three children, two of whom are living in 1907.
As a substantial type of the level-headed, enterprising busi-
ness man, Mr. Lucas is among the foremost citizens of South
Carolina, whose staple industry of cotton manufacturing he is
doing no little to promote.
VoL II. S. C. 12.
E. PRESSLY McGLINTOCK
McCLINTOCK, KEVEKEND E. PKESSLY, D. D., for
more than a third of a century pastor of the Thompson
Street Associate Reformed church, and a prominent
figure in the history of Newberry, South Carolina, was born in
Laurens county, South Carolina, on June 11, 1845. His ancestors
were of the group of Protestant Irish immigrants, McClintocks,
Laws, Aikans, and Martins, who came from the town of Bally-
mena, County Antrim, Ireland, to Fairfield county, South Caro-
lina, many of them as merchants, planters and professional men
becoming prominent in the history of the communities where they
settled and of the state. David Martin, his mother's father, was
a member of that company of Colonel Winn's regiment, South
Carolina, Continental troops, of which his brother, Edward Mar-
tin, was captain in the Revolutionary war.
His father, John McClintock, was a farmer, characterized,
says his son, by religious-mindedness and a thirst for knowledge,
and by those Scotch-Irish qualities of character which made him
the successful owner of a hundred African slaves. By his mother,
Mrs. Mary (Martin) McClintock, his life was strongly influenced
for good, and he was early inclined to the life-work to which he
has devoted himself.
His boyhood was passed in the life of a typical plantation,
where the patriarchal form of American slavery was to be seen in
its least objectionable form. A hundred slaves lived and worked
under the kindly supervision of a humane Christian master. The
negroes who were willing to be taught to read were instructed by
the white children of the family, especially on the Sabbath. Like
the other children of his family, he was "subjected to no labor,
but was served by the slaves belonging to his parents, and was
himself required to be a faithful school-boy." Every encourage-
ment and all assistance possible were given him in attaining a
liberal education. After preparation at a classical school in the
country near his home, he entered Erskine college, at Due West,
where so much of his after life was to be spent; and was gradu-
ated A. B. in 1861.
E. PRESSLY M'CLINTOCK 261
The outbreak of the War between the States interrupted his
studies; and with the other eager and spirited young men of his
state he enlisted, serving two years and six months in Company
G, Second South Carolina cavalry, in Wade Hampton's original
legion in the Army of Northern Virginia.
After the war his early conviction that the church of which
he was a member needed for its ministry men thoroughly trained
by a college course, the desire to be useful to his fellow -men in
such a ministry of the Word became definite. He took a course
of theological study at Erskine Theological seminary, and was
graduated B. D. in 1869.
For six months he preached in Mississippi. In 1871 he was
installed as pastor of the Thompson Street church at Newberry
a place which he has filled most acceptably for thirty-five years.
At the same time he was placed in charge of the church at King's
Creek, in the same county; and for eight years he ministered to
both these congregations. Since 1879 his time and efforts have
been given entirely to the church and community of Newberry,
and to those lines of church work for and with his denomination
which this prominent pastorate and his own personality have
devolved upon him.
On May 17, 1870, he married Elizabeth J. Young, daughter
of Prof. J. N. Young, LL. D., of Erskine college and Euphemia
(Strong) Young. Of their five children, two are now (1907)
To his choice of a life-work Doctor McClintock feels that he
was first and most strongly impelled by the ideals and the life of
an intelligent and pious home. The work of the ministry has
seemed to him to be most interesting and rich in its rewards to
one who cares for the highest values. "I have served the church
at Newberry continuously and have found the field and its work
sufficient to demand and employ all my powers and all my time,"
he writes; and he recounts as his public services "only those
which grew out of the office of pastor in an energetic college
town." How far-reaching is the influence of such a pastor upon
the lives of those young people who, trained by a liberal course
of study, are to be leaders of thought and life in their generation,
those alone can estimate who remember how great is their own
debt to the preachers who inspired them in their student years.
262 E. PRESSLY M'CLINTOCK
He was a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity in college.
He is by conviction and by party relations a Democrat. The
college of which he is an alumnus he has served in many ways,
during the thirty-six years of his postorate, in the college town
where he was graduated.
Since 1900 he has been chairman of the board of trustees of
Erskine college. In 1903 Newberry college conferred on him the
honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity.
Doctor McClintock has rendered an important service to his
state and to the entire South by advocating strongly and most
effectively the higher education for women. Not only in public
addresses and sermons has he favored advanced courses of study
for women, but by example, in the thorough education which he
gave to his own daughters, he has done much toward that pro-
nounced change in ideals of the possible and the desirable in
women's education which has been wrought in the Southern states
and throughout our land since 1865. One of his daughters,
Euphemia McClintock, is president of the College for Women,
at Columbia, South Carolina. Another daughter, Mary Law
McClintock, is lady principal of the Mount Ida school, Newton,
To young men who intend to enter the ministry Doctor
McClintock offers this advice, based on an experience of nearly
two-score years in preaching in a college town: "Study the per-
sonality of Jesus Christ. Imitate Him. Preach the duties of
good citizenship, holding to the doctrine that civil government is
an ordinance of God."
And for all the young people of his state he writes : "I have
always cherished a conviction that the youth of my time and my
section inherited as splendid traditions and as high sentiments as
the youth of any other period and section; and that loyalty to
inheritance is of material help in the development of one's own
powers in one's own day."
CHARLES EDGAR McDONALD
McDONALD, CHARLES EDGAR, since 1892 pastor
of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church at
Winnsboro, South Carolina, in 1895 moderator of the
Associate Reformed Presbyterian synod of the South, for eight
years editor of the "Associate Reformed Presbyterian Quarterly"
for Sunday schools, and for fifteen years associate editor of the
"Associate Reformed Presbyterian," was born in Richburg,
Chester county, South Carolina, November 23, 1859. The "blood
of the Scotch Covenanters" is in his veins, through the ancestors
of his mother and his father.
His father, Reverend Laughlin McDonald, was an able and
eloquent preacher, whose example and influence must have been
a great stimulus to the son. His mother, Mrs. Malissa Lucinda
(Stinson) McDonald, did much to inspire the ideals and form the
character of her son. Her father's ancestors came from Ireland
before the Revolutionary period, and settled on Rocky creek,
Chester county, South Carolina, and they were by descent a blend
of Scotch Covenanters and Irish Protestants. His father's earliest
American ancestors came directly from Scotland, descendants of
Covenanters, and settled in Georgia. Daniel Green Stinson, his
mother's father, was a local historian of some repute who pre-
pared sketches of twenty of the "Women of the Revolution" for
the work so entitled, by Mrs. Ellet. He also assisted Doctor
Lyman C. Draper in the preparation of his volume, "The Battle
of Kings Mountain."
Born in the country, he passed his boyhood on a farm, robust
in health, strong in physique. He had regular duties in "doing
chores" on the farm; and for two years he acted as "a hand" in
But the way to a liberal education was made easy for him.
His father's property was sufficient to provide a good education
for all the children. Prepared for college at New Hope academy,
he entered Erskine college, and was graduated A. B. with the
class of 1877 when but eighteen years old. Two years of healthful
work on the farm followed. But he felt himself unquestionably
264 CHARLES EDGAR M 5 DONALD
called to the work of the Christian ministry, and he soon began
his especial studies for that work.
In 1880 he entered Erskine Theological seminary, where he
O */ 7
studied theology for two years, and was graduated in 1881.
Ordained to the ministry, he began the active work of the pasto-
rate in charge of the Steele Creek Associate Reformed Pres-
byterian church, in Mecklenburg county, North Carolina, in
October, 1882. Here he continued to serve as pastor and preacher
for ten years, until he was called, in April, 1892, to the pastorate
at Winnsboro, South Carolina, which he has filled in a manner
most acceptable to his church and to the community in which he
has lived for the last fourteen years.
As editor of the "Sunday School Quarterly," and as associate
editor of the "Associate Reformed Presbyterian," he has served
well and with scholarly and practical efficiency that branch of the
Church of Christ with which he is denominationally connected.
The cordial appreciation of his fellow-ministers and their confi-
dence in him was shown by his choice as moderator of the
Associate Reformed synod of the South, which met at Due West,
South Carolina, in 1895.
Mr. McDonald was married to Margaret Harris, daughter of
Robert H. Harris, of York county, on December 23, 1886. She
died on June 15, 1903. Of their five children, three are living
Since 1884 he has been a member of the South Carolina
Historical society. In political relations he is a Democrat. He
has identified himself with all the prohibition movements in his
state for the last thirty years, opposing the liquor evil with pen
and voice, attending conventions and conferences, and awakening
the public conscience on this important question of practical
morality. His interest in sound family life and civic healthful-
ness, so alarmingly attacked by the curse of "drink," has made
the advocacy of temperance, in his estimation, one of the foremost
of Christian duties.
He served as chairman of the executive committee in the
interest of prohibition for Fairfield county, conducting the cam-
paign of 1892.
He has filled but two pastorates during the twenty-five years
of his active ministry; and in each of these his people have been
led, under his administrations, to build a new church and to build
CHARLES EDGAR MCDONALD 265
or acquire a manse. At Steele Creek a fine church was erected
in 1883 and a manse in 1887. At Winnsboro a large and com-
modious manse, of colonial architecture, was purchased in 1894,
and a beautiful modern church was erected in 1903. In this new
church building was celebrated the Centennial of the Associate
Reformed Presbyterian synod of the South, in November, 1903.
As a minister of the Gospel who believes that the life his
state needs is found in the life of Christ freely imparted to those
who will receive Him, he gives this brief advice to the young
people of South Carolina who wish to succeed in life: "True
success is to be found only in 'living the old-time religion.' "
JAMES HASELDEN MANNING
MANNING, JAMES HASELDEN, planter, banker, for
six years a member of the State Phosphate commis-
sion, was born in the country near Little Rock, Marion
county, South Carolina, on the 16th of April, 1857. His father,
Thomas J. Manning, descended from a family who had moved
from Virginia to South Carolina during the progress of the
Eevolutionary war, was a planter, who served as a major of
militia during the War between the States, and was killed by
deserters in 1864. He was impetuous, energetic, and, in the
conduct of his business as a planter, remarkably successful. His
wife, Mrs. Annie Maria (Haselden) Manning, devoted herself to
the rearing and training of her children; and would have sent
her son James to college had he not refused to go because he felt
himself needed at home after his father's death.
Born upon a farm and passing his boyhood in the country,
he grew up with excellent health, strong and vigorous in his
physical development, and exceptionally fond of the care of stock
and of all forms of outdoor work. He attended the country
schools near his home for a part of each year until he was fifteen.
In that year, 1872, he took entire charge of his father's estate
near Dillon, South Carolina, declining to continue study because
he felt that he ought to act as the head of the family.
Assuming thus early the responsibilities and the duties of
manhood, it is natural that he should have found his associates
among men older than himself ; and in speaking of the influences
which have affected his life for good, he lays especial stress upon
this fact. He says : "I have always associated with men who were
my seniors, and I have profited by doing so."
By his studious attention to the duties of an intelligent
planter, and by his success in the management of his father's
estate, Mr. Manning won the confidence and esteem of his fellow-
citizens. While planting has been the chief business of his life,
he has been interested in the Bank of Latta, and in 1904 he served
for a time as president of that bank. He is also a director of the
Bank of Marion, at Marion, South Carolina; and he continues
to be a director of the Bank of Latta. As a member of the
JAMES HASELDEN MANNING 269
Phosphate commission for six years, he became officially identified
with the study and the administration of the mineral deposits of
South Carolina. In 1890 Governor Richardson appointed him a
delegate to the Interstate Farmers' convention, which met at
Montgomery, Alabama. In 1898 Governor Ellerbe appointed him
a representative of South Carolina to attend the Farmers' con-
vention at Galveston, Texas.
On December 25, 1877, Mr. Manning married Miss Florence
Ellerbe, daughter of Captain W. S. Ellerbe, of South Carolina.
They have had eleven children, seven of whom are living in 1907.
In his political relations Mr. Manning writes himself down
as "Democratic and anti-Tillmanite." He is a member of the
Methodist Church, South. He has always been fond of out-of-
door exercise of all forms; and he finds relaxation and enjoyment
To the young people of South Carolina he writes: "If a
young man wishes to succeed he should live within his income,
practice economy and industry, and learn to make money before
he spends if"
OSCAR BAKER MARTIN
MARTIN, OSCAR BAKER, state superintendent of
education, was born in Central, Pickens county, South
Carolina, November 8, 1870. He is the son of T. C.
Martin and Hattie Baker Martin. His father was a farmer, and
at one time county commissioner for Pickens county, and chair-
man of the school board. He is a man of energy, honesty and
good judgment. His ancestors were Welsh-Irish and Scotch-Irish
sturdy yeomanry who had an ardent love of home and country.
They came first to Virginia and later to upper South Carolina.
Brought up as a country lad on his father's farm, Oscar
Baker Martin was a sturdy youth, fond of hunting, fishing and
all outdoor sports, and full of curiosity and ambition. While yet
a mere boy he was deeply interested in public events and read
the newspapers with avidity. In one summer he read the thirty-
seven plays of Shakespeare, and before he had left school he had
read the Bible through several times. After attending the public
and high schools, he entered the North Georgia Agricultural
college, where he remained for one year. Later he took a course
at Furman university, where in 1892 he was graduated with the
degree of A. B. He has also attended summer schools at Glens
Falls and Chautauqua, New York. He began teaching in Pickens
county when he was sixteen years of age, and during the greater
part of his college course he earned his own livelihood in this
manner. After graduation he adopted teaching as a profession
and became instructor in the Donalds high school, in Abbeville
county. One year later he was appointed to the principalship of
the Pendleton street graded school, in Greenville, and two years
afterward he was promoted to the high school department in
the same city. He held this position for seven years, until 1903,
when he assumed his present duties as state superintendent of
Professor Martin was for three years a deacon in the Baptist
church, is a member of the Kappa Alpha college fraternity, of
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Woodmen of
the World. In politics he is a Democrat. Gardening, hunting
and fishing are his favorite forms of amusement. Speaking of
OSCAR BAKER MARTIN 271
the impulses which have brought him success in life, he says:
"My first impulse was to please my parents, and my next was to
accomplish the greatest amount of service with whatever talents
had been given me. My failures have been the occasions of
greater resolutions. I am a great believer in the power of pur-
pose. Training of the will is the greatest education. Many fail
from lack of perseverance in a good work."
In 1897 Professor Martin was married to Dora Cook, daugh-
ter of A. and Eliza Cook, of Laurens county.
His address is Columbia, South Carolina.
ALEXANDER JAMES MATHESON
MATHESON, ALEXANDER JAMES, banker, financier,
business administrator, was born on "Attadale" estate,
Marlboro county, South Carolina, July 11, 1848, the
son of Donald and Christiana MacLeod Matheson.
His father was a lawyer and small planter, a scholarly man
of high Christian character, and an elder in the Presbyterian
church. He was born in Loch Carron, Scotland, and came to
Charleston, South Carolina, in 1825. His brother, Sir James
Matheson, of Stornoway Castle, the proprietor of the Island of
Lewis, and another brother, Sir Alexander Matheson, of Ross
Castle, were raised to the peerage of Scotland in recognition of
their efforts to relieve the poor and distressed. Sir Kinneth
Matheson, a cousin of Alexander J., of Duncrogie Castle, also
rose to a place of prominence in his native country.
On the maternal side, Mr. Matheson's ancestors, the Mac-
Leods, were also Scotch, and descended from the well-known
family in Scotch annals resident for many generations at Dun-
vegan Castle, Skye. His grandfather MacLeod settled at Wil-
mington, North Carolina, in 1T75.
The childhood and youth of Alexander J. Matheson were
spent on a small farm amid wholesome surroundings. He was
early inured to the routine of farm work, and received a limited
education in the common schools. In 1869 he worked on a farm
in Marion county, South Carolina, for exceedingly small wages,
saved his money, and in the following year began a small mer-
cantile business. His first efforts at merchandising were not
successful, and in 1872 he returned to farming. By persistent
endeavor and hard work he acquired a modest capital and
reengaged in the mercantile business, this time with much greater
assurance of success. In 1879 he removed to Blenheim, South
Carolina, and continued planting and merchandising on a larger
scale. In 1895 he began a wholesale grocery business in Ben-
nettsville, in the same state, which rapidly developed, and at the
same time he invested largely in real estate.
Mr. Matheson was elected president of the Planters National
bank, of Bennettsville, in 1902 ; was made president of the Union
ALEXANDER JAMES MATHESON 275
Savings bank, in 1903; is president of the Marlboro Wholesale
Grocery company; is vice-president and general manager of the
Bennettsville and Cheraw railroad, in which he is a large stock-
holder; and is directly or indirectly connected with a number of
other minor interests. He has been active in the river and harbor
improvements of the state, and placed before congress a plan to
improve the channel of the Pee Dee river, which is now pending.
From 1863 until the close of the war Mr. Matheson served
in the Confederate army. He is an elder in the Presbyterian
church, an ardent patron of education, and has devoted much
time and energy to the promotion of local interests. Starting in
life with many heavy handicaps, by close application, promptness
in his business relations, unswerving integrity, and strict concen-
tration of energy upon the immediate affairs in hand, he has
reached a commendable degree of success.
In 1903 he erected a sumptuous residence, surrounded by
large grounds, near the center of Bennettsville, which he named
"Shiness," in honor of his grandmother's home in Southerland-
shire, Scotland. He has made a number of visits to Europe
especially to Scotland and initiated a movement, in 1904, to
induce Scotch immigrants to settle in South Carolina.
On April 20, 1870, Mr. Matheson married Sarah Ellen Jar-
nigan, daughter of B. W. Jarnigan and Mary Jarnigan, of
Marion county. Nine children were born to this union, eight of
whom are now (1907) living.
His address is Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South Caro-
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN MAULDIN
MAULDIN, BENJAMIN FKANKLIN, banker, for the
year 1904 to 1905 president of the South Carolina
Bankers association, is president of the Bank of An-
derson, in which town he has resided since his early manhood.
He was born in Anderson county on March 24, 1850. His father,
whose name was also Benjamin Franklin Mauldin, was a mer-
chant and a Baptist minister, and was a member of the Secession
convention in 1861, a business man full of public spirit, and of
the strictest integrity of character, he was well known throughout
the county, and had a reputation in the state at large. His
mother, Mrs. Adaline Tyrrel (Hamilton) Mauldin, had a marked
influence upon the character of her son in early boyhood, and has
always retained an altogether exceptional place in his memory.
She was descended from Archibald Hamilton, who had emigrated
from Scotland and married Frances Calhoun. His earliest known
ancestor in America on his father's side was Joab Mauldin, who
made swords for the Revolutionary soldiers.
He was born in the country and lived for a large part of
his boyhood in the village of Williamston. He did not have
robust health in his boyhood ; but he won a reputation for energy
and activity, even as a boy. His earliest inclination was toward
the life of a farmer and the pursuit of scientific agriculture.
He entered Furman university, at Greenville, South Carolina,
but was not graduated, withdrawing at the end of the second
year of the co.urse by reason of the lack of funds, the war having
"swept away his father's property."
In 1867 as a man he began to support himself, having a
position in the internal revenue office at Anderson, South Caro-
lina. He almost immediately developed a marked inclination to
the study and practice of banking; and in 1872 he was made
assistant cashier of the National Bank of Anderson. In 1891 he
became cashier of that bank. He organized and became president
of the following named banks : the Bank of Due West, the Bank
of McCormick, Bank of Hodges, and the Lowndesville bank, as
well as of the Bank of Mt. Carmel, the Bank of Trenton, and
the Bank of Townville. Having been chosen to organize a state
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN MAULDIN 279
bank under the name of the Bank of Anderson, he became presi-
dent of that bank in January, 1906, a position which he still
holds. The State Bankers association of South Carolina chose
Mr. Mauldin as its president for the year 1904 to 1905.
On May 22, 1872, he was married to Miss Mary E. Eeed,
and they have had three children, all of whom are living in 1907.
He is a Democrat, "of the Grover Cleveland type," of conviction
and principle. He finds his amusement and recreation in ama-
teur farming, devoting his attention especially to the raising of
poultry and of pet stock.
He is a member of the Baptist church, and has for some
years held the office of deacon in that church.
His address is 603 North Main street, Anderson, South
WILLIAM McINTYRE MONROE
MONROE, WILLIAM McINTYRE, of Marion, South
Carolina, merchant, was born near the town where he
still resides, in Marion county, South Carolina, Decem-
ber 3, 1851. His father was a planter, David Monroe, whose
Scotch ancestors had bequeathed to him habits of thrift and
honesty. His mother was of English descent and made her influ-
ence felt in the moral and spiritual life of her son.
It was a healthy boy's life which he passed on his father's
farm. "When not in school I worked on my father's farm for
several years; and I am sure it was a great help to me. The
effect on my character and habits was good," he writes.
The War between the States, beginning when he was a boy
of ten, interfered with his systematic education. The impover-
ished condition of the country after the war made a college
education seem to him impossible of attainment. Country schools,
and later a few terms at the school in the town of Marion, com-
pleted his education from books.
He was eager to make his way in life; and the first business
opening which was offered him, a clerkship in a general mer-
chandise store at Marion, he at once accepted. Even in early
boyhood he had felt a strong desire to be "independent" in means,
but he has never known the ambition to be rich.
From a clerkship he made his way, by faithful attention to
duty and fair dealing, to an independent business of his own, and
as a merchant of Marion for twenty-three years he has interested
himself in all that concerns the welfare of his town and commu-
nity. He is interested in the Marion bank, is a stockholder and
director of the Marion Cotton mill, vice-president of the Farmers
and Merchants bank, and has been a member of the board of
directors from the date of its organization.
He is a Democrat in his party politics. In religious convic-
tions he is allied with the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
For recreation and exercise he spends all the time he can take
from his business in work upon his farm.
WILLIAM M'INTYRE MONROE 281
The advice which he offers young men is encouraging for
those who feel themselves without exceptional endowments of any
kind. He says : "Make up your mind to do something, and stick
to it. Any healthy man will succeed if he attends closely to his
business and saves what he makes. Do not spend a dollar until
you have earned it and got it."
On May 16, 1882, Mr. Monroe married Mary A. McMillan,
daughter of Major S. E. and A. S. McMillan, of Marion. They
have had nine children, of whom six are living in 1907.
Vol. II. S. C. 13.
THOMAS MOULTRIE MORDEGAI
MORDECAI, THOMAS MOULTRIE, lawyer, was born
in Charleston, South Carolina, March 12, 1855. His
parents were Thomas Whitlock and Lucretia (Cohen)
Mordecai. His father was a merchant, an excellent business man
who never cared for public life, but whose mind was cultivated
and who gave much of his leisure time to literary pursuits. The
earliest ancestor of the family in this country was the great-
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, Moses Mordecai, who
was born at Bonn, Germany, and married Elizabeth Whitlock,
of London, England, and came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
In childhood and youth Moultrie Mordecai lived in the city.
His health was excellent. His tastes and interests centered largely
in books, and he was especially fond of Greek and Latin works.
He was the youngest of eighteen children, and, as he was only
ten years of age when his father died, it was difficult for him to
secure an education. But his mother devoted her life to him, and
by her aid financial and other obstacles were overcome and he was
enabled to pass through the usual collegiate course. He studied
at the high school in Charleston, entered the College of Charles-
ton, from which institution he was graduated with the degree of
A. B. in 1873, and received the degree of M. A. in 1877. After
graduating from college he studied law for eighteen months in
the office of Rutledge & Young in Charleston, and on December
3, 1873, when only eighteen years of age, he was admitted to the
bar by the supreme court of South Carolina, a special act of the
legislature, the first of the kind ever passed, having been obtained
to permit him to practice law before attaining his legal majority.
By his clear and forceful presentation of his cases, and close
attention to business, he soon won the confidence of the court,
the members of the bar, and his clients, and by the uprightness
of his character he gained the confidence of the community at
large. For thirty-three years he has been engaged in the active
practice of the law and has been highly successful therein. In
addition to a large general practice, he has done a great deal of
THOMAS MOULTKIE MORDECAI 285
work as a corporation lawyer. He is now the senior member of
the firm of Mordecai, Gadsden, Rutledge & Hagood.
The first impulse to strive for the prizes of life came from
a desire to support his mother and five sisters and make a name
for himself worthy of his ancestors and his people. The choice
of his profession was determined by the wishes of his relatives
and friends and his own inclination.
In reply to a request that he state the relative strength of
the influences of home, school, early companionship, private study
and contact with men in active life, upon his own success, Mr.
Mordecai says that each had its proper proportion of influence in
due course. His principal relaxation, which he is glad to take at
every opportunity, is found in reading ancient Greek authors.
He is connected with several orders and fraternities, including
the Masons, Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, Order of the
United Workmen, and I. O. B. B. He has been president of
District Grand Lodge, No. 5, I. O. B. B., and in the Masonic
order he has been worshipful master of Friendship lodge, No. 9,
and high priest of the Carolina chapter, Charleston. In politics
he has always been a Democrat. His religious affiliation is with
In looking over his life he feels that he has been successful,
and says that he has "no complaint to make" regarding the out-
come of his efforts. He has never held or desired public office,
but he has always been deeply interested in the welfare of his
city and state. In reply to a request for suggestions as to prin-
ciples and methods which in his opinion will help young people
to attain true success in life, he says : "Bend every effort to secure
a classical education ; never be afraid of work, mental or physical,
and never be too proud to be seen doing anything honest."
Mr. Mordecai was married, first, to Annie A. Brooks, who
died in 1888 ; and second, on September 17, 1893, to Gertrude A.
Dahl. Of his three children, all are living in 1907.
His residence is Number 93 Rutledge avenue, Charleston,
DANIEL GREEN MORTON
MORTON, DANIEL GREEN, of Greenville, Greenville
county, South Carolina, railroad engineer and railroad
manager, was born in Richmond, Virginia, on the 5th
of September, 1858. His father, Richard Morton, was a civil
engineer in his early life; a man of clear mind, great gentleness
of character, and exceptional integrity. His mother, Mrs. Mary
Virginia (Green) Morton, was the daughter of Samuel Slaughter,
of Culpeper, Virginia.
His early life was passed in Baltimore, Maryland. He had
good health and was fond of out-of-door tasks; and he attended
with faithfulness, and with interest in his studies, the public
schools of Baltimore, completing the course in June, 1887. He
studied civil engineering; and he began his work as an engineer
in 1888, as rodman on the engineering corps of the old Richmond
and Danville railroad, in Western North Carolina. From 1889
to 1891 he served as resident engineer of that railroad. From
1893 to 1896 he was supervisor of the track of the Baltimore and
Ohio railroad, at Wilmington, Delaware. From 1896 to 1898 he
was engaged as engineer and contractor on public work in and
around Baltimore. Since July, 1899, he has been president of
the Carolina Supply company, Greenville, South Carolina, which
deals in cotton mill and factory supplies of all descriptions.
On the 17th of April, 1892, he married Miss Anne Louise
Rose, daughter of Arthur Barnwell Rose, of Charleston, South
Carolina. They have two children, both of whom are living in
Mr. Morton is a Democrat, on the tariff issue.
By religious conviction and training he is identified with the
Protestant Episcopal church. His favorite forms of recreation
are "reading for indoors, and golf for out-of-doors."
JAMES LANE NAPIER
NAPIEK, JAMES LANE, physician, was born at Mars
Bluff, Florence county, South Carolina, January 2, 1845,
son of Robert and Elizabeth (Lane) Napier. He belongs
to an old American family of English extraction, which was
founded in 1708 by Robert Napier, before the Revolutionary war.
In the maternal line he is descended from James Lane, also of
English descent, who settled in South Carolina about 1719. His
father was a minister of the Baptist church, of pleasant and
agreeable manners, good attainments and markedly energetic.
Doctor Napier's childhood and youth were passed in the
country, where he received his preliminary education. He was
an active youth, healthy and vigorous, and took special delight
in outdoor sports and amusements. The chief tragedy of his
youth was the death of his mother while he was quite young, and
the consequent loss of her influence on his early career. He con-
tinued his studies at Mars Bluff academy, 1852-1861, and then
entered the Medical College of South Carolina, at Charleston,
where he was graduated in 1868 with the degree of M. D. From
1861 to 1865 he served as a Confederate soldier in the Army of
Northern Virginia, and participated in all the battles of its
Doctor Napier began the practice of his profession at Blen-
heim, Marlboro county, in 1871, and during the last quarter of a
century has risen to the foremost rank of the medical profession
in that county. In 1895 he was president of the South Carolina
Medical association; in 1897 was made a member of the state
board of medical examiners, and is at the present (1907) time
president of the board. He is also examiner for the principal
life insurance companies represented in Marlboro county, and has
a wide and varied practice extending into adjacent counties. In
politics he is a Democrat, and in religious affiliation a member of
the Baptist church. Fraternally, he belongs to the Masons and
the Knights of Pythias.
On February 12, 1873, Doctor Napier married Marietta
Donaldson, daughter of J. R. and M. A. Donaldson, of Marlboro
county. They have had seven children, all of whom are now
(1907) living two daughters and five sons.
His address is Blenheim, Marlboro county, South Carolina.
GOTTLOB AUGUSTUS NEUFFER
NEUFFEK, GOTTLOB AUGUSTUS, M. D., physician
and surgeon, was born in Orangeburg, Orangeburg
county, March 14, 1861. His father, Gottlob Augustus
Neuffer, a merchant, came to this country in 1838 from Basing-
heim, Wurtemburg, Germany, and settled in Charleston. He was
a man of marked energy and perseverance, social in disposition,
of liberal heart, and a great reader. His mother, Maria Louisa
Neuffer, was the daughter of Christian David Happoldt, who
also came to this country from Wurtemburg. She exerted a
strong influence upon the moral, spiritual and intellectual life of
her son, who, in looking back over his life, names his mother as
the source of his first strong impulse to strive for success.
Under happy home influences Gottlob Neuffer grew up in a
village and city to be a strong and healthy boy. He attended the
primary schools in Orangeburg, and later the Bennet school in
Charleston. When eleven years old as circumstances compelled
him to earn his own livelihood he found employment in a drug
store. Although his school training ceased early, his natural
fondness for reading and study, under the direction of his mother,
enabled him to become one of America's many self-educated men.
In 1879, although one year under the required age, he passed the
examination of the state board of pharmaceutical examiners and
was granetd a license as pharmacist. Three years later he entered
the Medical College of South Carolina, from which institution he
was graduated in 1884 with the degree of M. D., ranking third
in a class of twenty-two.
After leaving college he served for one year as house surgeon
in the city hospital of Charleston. In 1885 he began his profes-
sional career as physician and surgeon in Abbeville. In 1901 he
supplemented his course at the medical college by a post-graduate
course in the New York Polyclinic. Apart from his professional
career, Doctor Neuffer has taken an active interest in public
affairs. He is an alderman of Abbeville, is a member of the
Knights of Pythias, of the Knights of Honor, and of the Inde-
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. He has been grand chancellor
and supreme representative for South Carolina in the Knights of
GOTTLOB AUGUSTUS NEUFFER 291
Pythias, and is now (1907) deputy grand master of the Grand
Encampment, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He has also
taken an active part in the state militia, and was surgeon-general
on Governor Heyward's staff. In politics he is a Democrat, and
in religion a Methodist.
In reviewing his life, Doctor Neuffer declares that home,
private study, early companionship, contact with men, and school
training, each in the order named, have been of greatest impor-
tance in shaping his career; and to all young men, whom the
story of his success may inspire, he says: "Prompt discharge of
duty, systematic study, and perseverance in purpose, will bring
Doctor Neuffer has been married twice: First, in 1889, to
Annie Arnett Hemphill, daughter of Senator R. R. Hemphill;
and in 1902, to Florence Rebecca Henry, daughter of Francis
Henry, of Abbeville. Gottlob Augustus Neuffer, third, is the
son of his first wife, and his two daughters and one son are the
children of his second marriage.
His address is Abbeville, South Carolina.
GEORGE WILLIAMS NICHOLS
NICHOLLS, GEOKGE WILLIAMS, was born December
5, 1849, on a farm on Tyger river, in Spartanburg county,
South Carolina. His father was George Nicholls, farmer
and surveyor, and sheriff of Spartanburg county in 1843 ; his
mother, Catherine M. (Crook) Nicholls, died before he was five
years old. His family is known to have been in South Carolina
since 1760, when George Nicholls and James Crook, his grand-
fathers, were farmers on Tyger river, in Spartanburg county;
another grandfather, Captain Andrew Barry, commanded a com-
pany in the American army in the War of the Revolution.
He spent his time entirely in the country until he was of
age, and was always robust and strong. He attended the country
schools as frequently and as long as he could; later he went to
Furman university. In 1870 he commenced teaching school in
Spartanburg, and continued for three years. Having decided to
become a lawyer, he read law in his spare time while teaching.
He then entered the office of Evins & Boman, Spartanburg, and
under them completed the study of law, was admitted to the bar
in 1876, and at once began to practice. In the fall of the same
year he was elected probate judge of Spartanburg county, a
position in which he served for five terms (ten years) with credit
to himself and satisfaction to the bar and to those having business
before the court. His decisions are noted for common sense and
a thorough knowledge of law. Since his admission to the bar he
has practiced law with marked success.
He is among the most public-spirited citizens of Spartanburg
and is always ready to perform any duty of good citizenship.
He has served as chairman of the board of stewards of Central
Methodist Episcopal Church, South ; as chairman of the board of
school trustees of Spartanburg; and he is a trustee of Converse
college, Spartanburg. He is a Mason and has served as worship-
ful master of Spartanburg lodge. In politics he is and has always
been a Democrat. He is quiet and unassuming, always courteous
and always ready to assist those in need, and is generally liked.
On May 29, 1884, he was married to Minnie L. Jones, daugh-
ter of Reverend Samuel B. Jones, D. D. Of their five children,
all are living in 1907.
His address is 249 East Main street, Spartanburg, South
JOHN WILKINS NORWOOD
NORWOOD, JOHN WILKINS, banker, was born in
Hartsville, Darlington county, South Carolina, March
18, 1865. His parents were George Alexander and Mary
Louisa (Wilkins) Norwood. His father was a banker, a man of
independent spirit, at once frank and modest, and an able financier.
His mother was a woman of culture and refinement. Her father,
Reverend Samuel B. Wilkins, was an able and honored Baptist
minister in South Carolina. One of the paternal ancestors was
John Norwood, who, about 1770, moved to Darlington district,
South Carolina, from Warren county, North Carolina. He was a
captain in the Revolutionary war and served in General Francis
Marion's brigade. The North Carolina Norwoods claim descent
from Colonel Henry Norwood, who settled in Virginia about 1660
and who was appointed treasurer of Virginia by Charles the
In his early years John Norwood enjoyed good health. With
the exception of two months each year he lived in a city. He had
no regular tasks to perform, and the only difficulty he met in
obtaining an education was a distaste for books until he was about
seventeen years of age. He attended the schools of Charleston,
to which city his parents removed in his early years, was a cadet
for one year at the South Carolina Military academy, and later
studied at Wake Forest college, North Carolina, and Richmond
college, Virginia, but he did not graduate from either of these
institutions. As his tastes were for a business rather than for a
professional career, he entered, in December, 1884, the employ of
G. A. Norwood & Company, cotton and naval stores commission
merchants, where he remained until April, 1887, and thoroughly
learned the details of business. During this period he carried on
for himself a small note brokerage business. On the date last
named he became cashier of the Peoples bank, of Greenville,
South Carolina, and six months later was elected president of the
Greenville Savings bank. He was then in his twenty-third year
and was supposed to be the youngest bank president in the United
States. His skill as a financier soon became apparent, and his
reputation spread beyond the bounds of the state. In 1892 he
resigned from the Savings bank and organized and became presi-
296 JOHN WELKINS NORWOOD
dent of the Atlantic National bank, of Wilmington, North Caro-
lina, which position he held until 1902. He was president of the
City National bank, of Greenville, South Carolina, from 1903
to February, 1906, when he retired from office and disposed
of his interest in the bank in order to organize the Greenville
Savings and Trust company, of which he was president. On July
1, 1907, this company was succeeded by the Norwood National
bank, of Greenville, of which Mr. Norwood is president. Since
1894 he has been president of the Wilmington Savings and Trust
company, Wilmington, North Carolina, and since 1898 he has
been president of the Blue Ridge National bank, of Asheville,
North Carolina. He is also vice-president of the American Spin-
ning company, Greenville, South Carolina, and is a director in
various corporations. The institutions with which he has been
closely identified have grown rapidly and been prosperous in
In the choice of his life work Mr. Norwood followed his own
inclination. Of the books that have helped him in fitting for
and in carrying it on he names works on commercial law, such
as contracts, and negotiable instruments, as of great importance.
He keeps well informed not only regarding business affairs, but
also concerning topics of general interest. He thinks and speaks
rapidly, and when he has the facts he decides questions without
hesitation. He has never taken up any form of physical culture,
but believes in outdoor exercise and delights in driving and in
horseback riding. He takes pleasure in reading history, biogra-
phy, political economy, fiction and poetry. In politics he is a
Democrat, but he refused to support the Chicago platform, and
since 1896 he has voted for the Republican presidential nominees.
In reply to a request for suggestions, drawn from his own expe-
rience and observation, which will help young people, he says
that integrity, industry and economy are essential to the attain-
ment of true success in life. And these, it may be added, are the
principles which he adopted and in following which he has won
a brilliant success.
Mr. Norwood married Miss Vina Patrick, of Greenville ; and
after her decease, Miss Lida Goodlett, of Spartanburg. Some
time after her death, in October, 1906, he married Miss Fannie
Conyers. He has two children.
His address is Greenville, South Carolina; and his very
attractive home is near that city.
WILLIE ROBERT OSBORNE
OSBORNE, WILLIE ROBERT, of Anderson, South
Carolina, merchant, director and president of several
manufacturing companies and of other important cor-
porations, was born at Anderson, on the 9th of June, 1864. His
father, William Moultrie Osborne, merchant and farmer, whose
ancestors were of English descent, is cordially remembered by a
wide circle for his integrity and his kindly charitableness of
feeling and action.
Not robust as a boy, his tastes were for reading and study
rather than for out-of-door sports. His educational opportunities
were very limited were, in fact, confined to attendance in boy-
hood at common country schools near his home, and to reading
at home. But early in his boyhood he came under the influence
of strong biographies of men of marked character ; and he writes
that all his life he has been greatly influenced by biographical
reading. In particular, he declares that biographies of successful
men who began life in poverty influenced his thought and formed
his ideals. "I believed that if other poor boys whose circum-
stances were like my own could succeed in life and make their
mark, 7 could." He was trained to hard manual work on a farm
in his boyhood and youth. In October, 1880, he became clerk in
a store at Anderson, and the rather exceptionally quick promotion
and steady advancement which came to him in mercantile life
convinced him that he had chosen the career in which he could
make the most of his own powers and develop the widest influence.
Of his mother, Mrs. Irene Jane (Clinkscales) Osborne, he writes,
"the strongest influence ever brought to bear upon my life was
my mother"; and to her high and earnest ambition for him he
feels indebted for much of the inspiration of his life.
A clerk from 1880 to 1888, in the latter year he became
a member of The Sylvester-Bleckley Company, continuing a
partner in that firm until 1893. From 1893 to 1901 he was a
member of the firm of Brown, Osborne & Company. Since 1901
he has been senior member of the firm of Osborne & Pearson, in
the general mercantile business.
298 WILLIE ROBERT OSBORNE
Mr. Osborne is a director and the vice-president of the
Anderson Telephone company; a director and the vice-president
of the Corona Knitting mills; a director and the vice-president
for some years and later the president of the Anderson Mattress
and Spring Bed company ; he is a director of the Riverside Cotton
mills and of the Toxawav Cotton mills, both of Anderson, South
Carolina; a director and president of the Merchants' Grocery
company, wholesale grocers; a director and president of the
Domestic Manufacturing company ; a director of the Perpetual
Building and Loan association of Anderson, South Carolina, and
a director of the Bank of Starr, South Carolina.
He has always taken an active interest in the social and civic
life of Anderson. He is a director and the treasurer of the
Anderson chamber of commerce, and the chairman of its com-
mittee on education. He is an alderman of the city of Anderson,
now serving his second term, and is chairman of the sanitary
committee and a member of the following committees of the
council: auditing, finance, civic improvement, streets, and police.
A member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Mr.
Osborne has for the last twenty years been superintendent of the
Sunday school and a member of the board of stewards of St.
John's church at Anderson, South Carolina ; and he has served
for seven years as treasurer and is at present chairman of the
board of stewards. In 1905 he was a delegate from the Green-
ville district to the South Carolina annual conference of his
church. In 1906 he was a delegate from the Anderson district,
and he served on several committees. He has acted as district
steward of the Greenville district and of the Anderson district
for the last three years.
Mr. Osborne has never married. He is a Royal Arch Mason,
a Knight of Pythias, and a Noble of Oasis Mystic Shrine. He is
the fraternal master of Security lodge, No. 241, of the Fraternal
Union of America. He is identified with the Travelers' Protec-
tive Association of America.
In politics he is a Democrat.
To the young people of South Carolina he commends these
three cardinal principles: "honesty, sobriety, industry."
FRANCIS LE JAU PARKER
PARKER, FRANCIS LE JAU, M. D., an eminent physician
and surgeon of Charleston, was distinguished among the
professional men contributed by South Carolina to the
armies of the Confederacy. He was born in Abbeville district,
September, 1836, a son of Captain Thomas Parker, who com-
manded the Abbeville volunteers in the last Florida war, and
Eleanor Legare Frost, and grandson of Thomas Parker, first
United States district attorney of South Carolina after the Revo-
lution. He is also a grandson of William Henry Drayton, chief
justice of South Carolina, and is a lineal descendant, on the
maternal side, of the Reverend Doctor Francis Le Jau, rector of
Goose Creek church, 1707-1717. Doctor Parker's family has been
identified with the history of his state from colonial times. In
1855 he was graduated from the South Carolina Military academy,
and in 1858 he was graduated in medicine from the Medical Col-
lege of the State of South Carolina, at Charleston, having studied
in the office of his uncle, the late Professor Henr} T R. Frost, M. D.,
one of the founders of the college. After his graduation from
the Medical college he was elected one of the house physicians of
the Roper hospital, April, 1858, and during the terrible epidemic
of yellow fever which immediately followed he remained faithful
at his post, himself suffering from the dread disease. Subse-
quently he began the practice of medicine at Charleston, and was
appointed assistant demonstrator and prosector of anatomy to
Professors Holbrook and Miles of the Medical college at which
he had studied. In March, 1861, after the secession of his state
from the Union, Doctor Parker entered upon his first military
service. He was commissioned assistant surgeon of South Caro-
lina volunteers, and was assigned to the First regiment of artil-
lery, Colonel Wilmot D. DeSaussure commanding, at Morris
Island. In April, 1861, he participated in the bombardment of
Fort Sumter and saw the first signal shell fired from the mortar
battery at Fort Johnson, James Island, by Lieutenant James,
formerly of the United States army, but at the time of the bom-
bardment in the service of South Carolina. At the beginning of
the War between the States, Doctor Parker was commissioned
300 FRANCIS LE JAU PARKER
assistant surgeon provisional army of the Confederate States and
assigned to duty at Manassas Junction, where he served on the
staff of Doctor Williams, medical director of General Johnston's
army. Subsequently he was assigned to duty as assistant surgeon
and afterward was surgeon in charge of the South Carolina
hospital at Manchester, Virginia, until after the battles before
Richmond, 1862, when he was commissioned surgeon and assigned
to the staff of Commodore Page, Confederate States navy, at
Chapins Bluff, James river, below Richmond. But desiring more
active duty, he obtained a transfer, and was appointed surgeon
of the Hampton Legion infantry, Colonel M. W. Gary command-
ing, Jenkins's brigade, Longstreet's corps, Army of Northern
Virginia, and was on duty with this command in the Suffolk and
Blackwater campaign about Petersburg and Richmond in 1863;
at Chickamauga, and during the investment of Chattanooga and
through the campaign in East Tennessee, when the skill and
endurance of medical officers were severely taxed. While in
Tennessee, Doctor Parker was attached to the staff of Major-
General S. B. Buckner, commanding Hood's old division, and
later was appointed chief surgeon of this division, subsequently
commanded by General Fields. On the return to Virginia, he
shared the fortunes of the First corps in the battles of the Wil-
derness, Spottsylvania court-house, North and South Anna rivers,
Cold Harbor, and in the fighting before Richmond and Peters-
burg, and finally the retreat to Appomattox. Then he returned
to Charleston, resumed his practice and renewed his connection
with the Medical college, of which he was elected demonstrator
in 1866 and professor of anatomy in 1870. Afterward he served
as clinical lecturer on diseases of the eye and ear, and in 1881 he
became dean of the faculty. In 1892 he was elected provisional
president of the Alumni association. In 1894 he effected the
reestablishment of the College of Pharmacy. For many years he
represented the Medical Society of South Carolina in the annual
conventions of the South Carolina Medical association. On Jan-
uary 1, 1903, he was elected an honorary member of the Medical
Society of South Carolina, and, on April 16 of the same year,
honorary member of the South Carolina Medical association.
Doctor Parker was one of the surgeons of the City hospital. He
served as one of the editors of the Charleston "Medical Journal,"
to the columns of which he contributed many valuable papers.
FRANCIS LE JAU PARKER 301
He has also written exhaustively and well for numerous other
medical publications, including "The American Journal of Med-
ical Sciences," "The Transactions of the South Carolina Medical
Association," and "The Medical and Surgical History of the War
of the Eebellion," his papers dealing with general surgery, par-
ticularly with diseases of the eye, ear, throat and nose.
Recently Doctor Parker resigned the deanship, and the pro-
fessorship of anatomy, of the Medical college, and was elected
emeritus professor of the branch last named.
Doctor Parker's address is Charleston, South Carolina.
THOMAS FLEMING PARKER
PARKER, THOMAS FLEMING, cotton manufacturer,
was born in Charleston, South Carolina, December 28,
1860. His parents were Thomas and Margaretta Amelia
Parker. His father resided in Charleston for many years and
was one of the merchant princes of his day. He was a man of
culture, and in his home the leading men and women of the South
in his day were frequently entertained. Soon after the opening
of the War between the States he enlisted in the Confederate
States army, and he was killed in the battle of Secessionville
when he was only twenty-nine years of age. The earliest known
ancestor in this country was John Parker, who came from the
Island of Jamaica to South Carolina, where he died in 1695.
Thomas Fleming Parker passed the years of childhood and
youth in the city of his birth. He completed the course of study
at the preparatory school of A. Sachtleben, and subsequently
entered the College of Charleston. Here his eyesight became
impaired, and at the end of the sophomore year he was obliged
to leave the institution and spend a large part of his time out of
doors. He engaged in farming and out-of-door pursuits, and,
though unable to continue the studies he had planned, he acquired
much practical knowledge and training in affairs. He took a
deep interest in the community in which he lived. For some time
he was president of the Linville Improvement company, in North
Carolina, which engaged in the improvement of land. Later,
when he had regained his eyesight in a large degree, he became
president of the Monaghan Cotton mills, at Greenville, South
Carolina, and in this capacity he has become widely and favor-
ably known. Although a decided innovation on the prevailing
system of management, his methods proved a great success, and
to a considerable extent they have been copied by many progres-
sive mill owners in the South. These methods have solved the
problem of how to permanently keep the operatives, which is by
far the greatest difficulty which they have thus far encountered.
The Monaghan mills were organized in 1900 with a capital
of $700,000. The property is located just outside the limits of
Greenville, and forms a village of eighteen hundred population.
THOMAS FLEMING PARKER 305
Mr. Parker employed a landscape architect to map out the prop-
erty, locate the streets and grades, lay out a park and a cemetery,
and make suggestions along sanitary and esthetic lines. Houses
were provided for the operatives and land upon which domestic
animals could be kept was provided free. Thus the surround-
ings were made so pleasant and healthful that operatives with
families, when once located, had no desire to drift away to other
mills. The mill building itself was improved in appearance by
the planting of vines around it, and many of the men and women
adopted the same method of beautifying their own homes.
Perhaps an even more important benefit was conferred upon
the operatives by the formation of a branch of the Young Men's
Christian association with excellent facilities for carrying on its
work. It is said, in fact, that this establishment is superior in
construction and equipment to any similar building in the state.
Later the Young Women's Christian association was opened with
a home of its own. The Young Men's Christian association,
including club house and fixtures, cost approximately $18,000, and
the stockholders admit that it was a most judicious expenditure.
There is a secretary and assistant secretary for each association,
men and women who work in the village and whose salaries are
paid by the corporation. With institutions of this character, with
delightful homes, and with all the modern facilities of a city for
the operatives, the owners have no trouble in securing steady and
efficient help, although the mill is located in a section where labor
is at times alarmingly scarce. And it is due to the good judg-
ment and wise management of Mr. Parker, seconded by the
directors of the company, that such favorable conditions have
Mainly as the results of Mr. Parker's efforts, a Municipal
league was formed in Greenville two years ago. The object of
this association, of which he was made and still is president, was
to make the city more attractive to its residents and to strangers.
The public soon became interested. The services of landscape
architects were secured, an associate branch was organized by the
women, and the work of improvement was soon well under way.
The league is non-partisan and non-political. Its membership
includes practically every public-spirited citizen, and more than
one hundred women. Much has been done to beautify and adorn
Vol. II. S. C. 14.
306 THOMAS FLEMING PARKER
the city and much more in the same line will be accomplished in
Mr. Parker has chosen the life which is free from political
cares and trials, but he sympathizes and votes with the Demo-
cratic party. The only order with which he is affiliated is the
South Carolina Society Sons of the American Revolution.
On April 6, 1887, he was married to Miss Lisa deV. Foulke,
who died May, 1902. Of their two children, one is living in 1907.
In June, 1906, Mr. Parker married Miss Harriet Horry Frost, of
Charleston, South Carolina.
The address of Mr. Parker is Greenville, South Carolina.
JAMES E. PEURIFOY
PEUKIFOY, JAMES E., of Colleton county, lawyer, state
senator, was born in Edgefield (now Saluda) county,
South Carolina, on May 9, 1872. His father, Daniel
Byrd Peurifoy, was a merchant and farmer who represented his
county (at first Edgefield, later Saluda county) for several years
in the South Carolina house of representatives. The ancestors
of his father came from England in colonial times and settled
in North Carolina.
His boyhood was passed in the country, and he was early
trained to regular tasks on the farm. He was not very strong,
although seldom ill. He became fond of books and reading while
still a boy ; and he early determined to be a lawyer. But he had
to support himself during his years of study; and he taught
for some years after his college course was completed, meantime
reading law, before he found himself in position to give his entire
time to his chosen profession, the law.
By his faithful work as a boy in preparatory schools he
qualified himself for and won a beneficiary scholarship in the
South Carolina Military academy, from which institution he was
graduated in June, 1894, with the degree of B. S.
In September of the same year he began to teach, as principal
of the Walterboro graded school. He pursued law studies and
was admitted to the bar (December, 1897,) while still teaching.
In June, 1898, he gave up teaching to engage in the practice of
After four years of practice his townspeople and the voters
of the county had come to know him so well and so favorably
that they chose him state senator in 1902. He served Colleton
county in the upper house of the state legislature of South Caro-
lina until 1906, when he declined reelection, desiring to give his
entire time to the practice of his profession.
He is a Democrat in his political convictions, and he has
always acted with his party.
He is a Knight of Pythias and a Free Mason. He has served
as captain of a company of South Carolina militia.
308 JAMES E. PEURIFOY
While still a teacher, in November, 1897, he married Carrie
Hagood Witsell, daughter of Doctor Charles Witsell and Mrs.
Emmeline Witsell. Of their three children, two are living in
Mr. Peurifoy is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South. He has found his favorite form of exercise and recrea-
tion in looking after his farm. Early following the example of
his father in entering upon the career of a legislator for his
county, Mr. Peurifoy has sought to qualify himself for his duties
by special reading and by a broad-minded view of the possibilities
for good which are within reach of the average American citizen.
He is still very young. His friends look for much useful service
of the state by him.
To the young he commends as the surest and firmest stepping-
stone to true success, "scrupulous honesty in all transactions, sobe?
and correct habits, and hard work 'keeping always at it.' :
JOSEPH CALVIN PLONK
PLONK, JOSEPH CALVIN, cotton manufacturer, presi-
dent of the Cherokee Falls Manufacturing company, of
Cherokee Falls, Cherokee county, South Carolina, was
born December 9, 1852, in Cleveland county, North Carolina.
His parents were John Jonas Plonk (now, 1907, living at the age
of eighty-four) and Ann Ellen (Oates) Plonk, who died in 1905
in her seventy- fourth year. His mother had always been fond of
reading, and was a woman of deep piety and exemplary life.
The Bible was her constant companion, and its precepts and its
spirit went into the training she gave her children. "If there
is any good in me of any kind, I owe it to my mother," writes
His father's family were of German extraction ; his mother's
were English and Scotch. His paternal great-grandfather, Jacob
Plonk, came from Pennsylvania and settled in what is now Lin-
coln county, North Carolina, before the Revolutionary war. His
son, Joseph Plonk, was born in Lincoln county in 1788, and died
in 1888, aged one hundred years and two months. He was a
skilled workman, and made spinning-wheels, hand-looms, violins,
and many other articles, without the use of machinery. Both
of Mr. Plonk's maternal great-grandfathers, William Oates and
Samuel Espey, came from Pennsylvania before the Revolution
and settled in what is now Cleveland county, North Carolina.
They were soldiers in the Revolutionary war, and were at the
battle of King's Mountain, Espey serving as captain. William
Oates, son of William Oates and grandfather of Joseph Calvin
Plonk, built wagons and other vehicles. He was also a farmer,
and a land surveyor. He died in 1857. John Jones Plonk, the
father of Joseph Calvin, was born in Lincoln county, North Caro-
lina, in 1823, and is still living at the age of eighty-four, having
been an incessant worker himself and believing it a sin to be idle.
Descended from sturdy forebears, Joseph Calvin Plonk was
blessed with a strong physique, which his life on the farm helped
to develop. At the age of six he began to engage in helpful tasks,
following the example of his father, who taught him that he
ought not to "eat the bread of idleness."
312 JOSEPH CALVIN PLONK
The War between the States began when he was eight years
old. School facilities were very limited. In his twentieth year
he attended a high school in Newton, North Carolina, for ten or
twelve weeks, but Reconstruction troubles left the family without
means, and he was forced to leave school to go to work. He
found that unskilled labor hardly brought him a livelihood ; and
realizing his deficiencies, he determined to overcome them. By
hard work and close saving, he accumulated money enough to
enable him to spend ten months at a country academy. At
twenty-three he began five years of alternate school teaching and
On April 13, 1880, he married Miss Laura Elmina Roberts.
Three months of unsuccessful partnership "in a store," and two
years as official surveyor of Cleveland county, were followed by
his reelection as surveyor ; but in 1883 he resigned and went into
the lumber business, again meeting with failure.
About this time cotton manufacturing began to take on new
life in the South. Several modern mills had been built in the
vicinity of Charlotte, North Carolina, and Spartanburg, South
Carolina. An accidental visit to one of these mills gave him the
determination to learn the cotton manufacturing business. In
September, 1883, he applied for work at McAdensville, and began
by sweeping the floor of the mill. After about a week he was
promoted, and as he made it a rule to do well whatever work was
assigned to him, without asking questions, he began to find favor
in the eyes of those above him. His wages at first were seventy-
five cents a day.
After he had been at McAdensville for nine months, his
superintendent resigned and went to Cherokee Falls, taking
Plonk with him. At his new location he was made overseer of
the card room at one dollar and twenty-five cents a day. Sixteen
months afterward the superintendent went to take another posi-
tion, and Mr. Plonk was left in charge of the mill at Cherokee
Falls. In six months more he was made superintendent, at a
salary of a thousand dollars a year a position which he held
until 1892, when he went to Georgia and built a new and more
modern mill, and started work on printed cloths. This was the
second mill in the South to make these goods, the first having
been started in February, 1893, while this one did not begin
operation until May of 1893. He stayed in Georgia two years,
JOSEPH CALVIN PLONK 313
and in November, 1894, he returned to Cherokee Falls. In the
meanwhile, September, 1894, the old mill had been destroyed by
fire. At the unanimous request of the stockholders, Mr. Plonk
rebuilt the mill on modern lines and on a much larger scale. He
was made superintendent and general manager, and he held these
positions until, in 1900, he was elected president of the company,
which office he still holds.
Mr. Plonk is also a director of manufacturing corporations,
a member of several important industrial associations, a vice-
president of the National Association of Manufacturers, and
president of the Cherokee Iron company, a South Carolina cor-
poration dealing in mineral lands.
When he went to McAdensville he had just one five-dollar
gold piece between him and starvation. He now owns one-eighth
of the stock of the Cherokee Falls Manufacturing company, whose
plant cost the stockholders half a million dollars; and he is the
owner of much other property.
Mr. Plonk has necessarily had many opportunities to help
others, and he has not neglected them. Remembering, doubtless,
his own hard struggle to get a start in the world, he has been
quick to extend a helping hand to others who have shown a dispo-
sition to help themselves. He has done what he could for the
interests of the employees of his mill. Religious services are
maintained here, and there is a free school which is open seven
months in the year and is w r ell patronized. Mr. and Mrs. Plonk
have adopted a daughter, to whom they are warmly devoted.
In religious preference Mr. Plonk is a Presbyterian; and he
holds the office of deacon in his church. In politics he is a Dem-
ocrat, though in 1896 and 1900 he voted for McKinley, differing
with his party on the financial question. To young Carolinians
he says: "My progress would have been swifter and my success
more complete had I at the outset governed my life more closely
by the golden rule. There are two sides to every debatable ques-
tion, and at least two interests in every business transaction. To
realize these facts, and to govern your actions accordingly, will
inspire confidence in you; and that is worth more than money.
'The world deals with you as you deal with it.' There are excep-
tions to this rule, but if your dealings are honest, open and
upright, you will find ninety-five per cent, of the people you come
in contact with willing to meet you on the same plane."
The address of Mr. Plonk is Cherokee Falls, South Carolina.
NELSON GARTER POE
POE, NELSON CAETEK, of Greenville, South Carolina,
merchant, director in banks and cotton mills, and vice-
president of the F. W. Poe Manufacturing company, was
born in Montgomery county, Alabama, on the 7th of November,
1851. His father, William Poe, was a bank president, a man of
business integrity and executive ability. His mother was Mrs.
Ellen Cannon (Taylor) Poe, daughter of Joseph Taylor, of
Anderson county, South Carolina. The earliest known American
ancestor of the family was John Poe, who came from Ireland
about 1745 and settled in Baltimore. John Poe's son (General)
David Poe, was the grandfather of Edgar Allen Poe, the poet
and man of letters ; and William Poe, the youngest son of John,
was the grandfather of Nelson Carter Poe. On his mother's side,
a great-grandfather, Col. Samuel Taylor, served in the Colonial
army during the Revolutionary war.
His early life was passed in the village of Pendleton. He
was trained in his boyhood to familiarize himself with "any kind
of honest work" which needed to be done about the home; and
the discipline which he received from early familiarity with
manual labor he regards as of life-long value to him. He was
especially fond of reading in his boyhood. To his mother he
owes much for intellectual impulse and moral influence in his
He attended the village academy of Pendleton, after some
years in the village primary schools; but he did not undertake a
course of study at college. When eighteen years old he took a
place as clerk in a hardware store at Columbia, South Carolina.
Becoming thoroughly familiar with the hardware business in all
its branches, he removed to Greenville, South Carolina, in 1877,
and soon became an active member of the hardware firm of
Wilkins, Poe & Company. As director in several banks, cotton
mills and various other business enterprises, he has done his full
share in developing the commercial interests of the town; and
he has not been lacking in public-spirited interest in all that
concerns the welfare of the community.
NELSON CARTER FOB 315
He is a member of the Democratic party, and has always
voted for the candidates and the principles of that party.
By religious conviction he is identified with the Presbyterian
During the administration of Governor Ansel he was
appointed one of the five commissioners "to wind up the dispen-
sary system in the state"; but he declined to serve on this com-
On the 12th of May, 1880, he married Miss Nannie CraAvford,
daughter of James W. Crawford, of Pendleton, South Carolina.
Of their five children, three are living in 1907.
STEWART WYLIE PRYOR
PEYOR, STEWART WYLIE, M. D., was born in
Spartanburg county, South Carolina, January 29, 1864.
His parents were Stewart Love and Susan Catherine
(Haynes) Pry or. They removed from North Carolina to Spar-
tanburg county, South Carolina, about 1860, and some twenty
years afterward settled in a section of Union county which is now
a part of Cherokee county. The father was a skillful machinist
and millwright. He held no public office except in connection
with local schools, but he was a man of kindly disposition and
was highly esteemed by those who knew him. The mother, now
(1907) eighty-two years of age, is a woman of fine mind and
most excellent character. The ancestors of the family in this
country settled in Virginia and North Carolina. Some of the
members on the maternal side were soldiers in the Revolutionary
war, and their families, as well as themselves, suffered greatly
at the hands of the British and Tories.
The years of boyhood and early youth of Stewart Pryor
were passed in the country. His health was good. He enjoyed
outdoor sports and pastimes, but was especially fond of reading.
The schools near his home were poor, but he attended them in
term time and made good use of such opportunities as they
afforded. When not in school he performed the tasks on the
farm which usually fall to a boy of his age. In 1881 he became
a clerk in a store in Gaffney, South Carolina. The following
year he took a course of study in a business college in Baltimore,
and 1883-85 he was employed as a bookkeeper in Gaffney. His
professional education was completed at the Atlanta Medical
college, from which he was graduated in 1887. Later he took
fifteen post-graduate courses, one annually for fifteen years, at
the New York Polyclinic.
After graduation, Doctor Pryor practiced a few months at
Cherokee Springs, near the paternal home. He then removed to
Chester county, and after a few months at Lowryville, began his
practice in the town of Chester. Here he had to "start at the
bottom" and work for success in competition with physicians of
more than ordinary skill. As he demonstrated his ability, the
1 as-Q*. u*o* .
STEWART WYLIE PRYOR 319
demand for his services rapidly increased. He developed special
skill in surgery, and feeling the want of accommodations for his
patients, who were coming from a widening circle, he built, about
1884, a combined residence and hospital. This was designed to
be of ample capacity, but as his reputation extended it proved to
be inadequate, and in 1904 the Magdalene hospital was erected at
Chester with modern equipment, including electrical and X-Ray
apparatus. It was expected that this would for a long period
meet all requirements, but it was crowded almost from the first,
and in less than two years after its establishment it was materially
enlarged. In this hospital a free bed is maintained for the poor
by benevolent people in the city.
In the choice of an occupation he felt free to follow his
own inclination. This, from childhood, was very strong. He
delighted to "play doctor," and for most of his reading he pre-
ferred books relating to medicine and surgery. Occasionally he
enjoyed a humorous work, but he never cared for novels. His
home life was pleasant, and his mother exerted a remarkably
strong influence upon him for good.
Doctor Pryor was called upon at different times to prepare
papers on special subjects for the associations of which he was a
member, as also articles for prominent medical journals. He was
president of the Chester County Medical society, vice-president of
South Carolina Medical association, member of Tri-State Medical
association, chief surgeon of the Lenoir and Chester and Chester
and Northwestern railway companies, chief medical adviser of the
Mutual Benefit association of South Carolina, and examiner for
many other insurance companies. He is a member of the Chester
Social Medical club and the Mercantile and Manufacturers' club.
His religious affiliation is with the Methodist Episcopal Church,
On February 14, 1888, Doctor Pryor was married to Miss
Carrie Magdalene Tinsley, daughter of Rufus Waring and Sallie
Rogers Tinsley, of Union, South Carolina. In the community,
as in the home, her influence for good is strong and constant.
She takes commendable pride in the success of her husband, and
to her no small part of it is due. For her the Magdalene hospital
was most appropriately named. They have six daughters living
The family residence is at Chester, South Carolina.
HENRY EDMUND RAVENEL
RAVEN EL, HENKY EDMUND, lawyer, business man,
and author, was born September 3, 1856, on Seneca plan-
tation, Oconee (then Pickens) county, near Seneca city,
South Carolina. His father, Henry Edmund Ravenel, cotton
exporter, was a fine business man and a cultivated gentleman of
the old Southern type; his mother, Selina E. Ravenel, was a
woman of marked culture and refinement. His descent on both
sides is Huguenot. His first American ancestor, Rene Ravenel,
came from Vitre, France, in 1686, and settled in South Carolina,
near Charleston. Shortly afterward he married Charlotte de St.
Julien, who, like himself, was driven from France by the religious
persecution of the period.
The subject of this sketch spent his childhood in the country
and there received his primary education. Later he moved to
Charleston and became a student at Charleston college, where he
was graduated A. B. in 1876 and A. M. in 1878. While pursuing
his post-graduate studies he also studied law with Simonton &
Barker, a prominent Charleston firm, and immediately after his
graduation he was admitted to the bar and began the practice
of law in Charleston. A few years later he removed to Spar-
His practice was from the first largely along commercial lines
was intentionally made so by him and it was not long before
he was not only attorney for a number of prosperous business
corporations, but a considerable owner of stock in them. He is
a director of and attorney for the Saxon Cotton mills ; a director
of the Tucapau Cotton mills; director of and attorney for the
Spartanburg Home Building and Loan association ; a director of
the Spartanburg Savings bank ; president of the Ravadson Trust
company, and has other important business interests in the town
and near by, and also has a large and lucrative law practice.
He occupies a position in the front rank of the wide-awake,
progressive, public-spirited citizens of his town, is a participant
in every movement for the betterment of the people of town or
state; has been for nearly twenty years a trustee of the Spar-
tanburg public schools, and a deacon of the First Presbyterian
HENRY EDMUND RAVENEL 321
church for about the same length of time. He is president of the
corporation of the French Protestant church in Charleston.
He was joint author, with C. A. McHugh, of "Ravenel and
McHugh's Digest of South Carolina Reports," published 1880, in
Charleston, and author of "Ravenel Records," a history of the
Ravenel family, published 1898.
He is a member of the Knights of Pythias. In politics he
is, and has always been, a Democrat. His favorite recreations
are horseback riding and boating. As a man he is approachable,
genial, courteous and well liked. His chart of life for the young
is short and pointed: "First, do not mistake character-building
for the religious life ; second, study the constitution of the United
States; third, obey and uphold the law personally."
On April 14, 1886, he married Agnes Moffett Adger, daugh-
ter of William Adger and Margaret H. (Moffett) Adger. Of
their four children, all are now (1907) living.
His address is Spartanburg, South Carolina.
RICHARD CLARK REED
REED, KEY. RICHARD CLARK, D. D., was born in
Harrison, Hamilton county, Tennessee, January 24, 1851.
He is the son of Rev. James L. Reed, of the Presbyterian
church, and his wife, nee Elizabeth Jane McRae. The marked
characteristics of the father were a strong will, persistent energy,
with an uncompromising fidelity to his convictions of right and
An early ancestor in America on the maternal side was the
Rev. Thomas Craighead, who was born in Scotland and studied
medicine there, but soon became a minister of the Gospel and was
settled for ten or twelve years in Ireland. His name appears
first in this country in 1715 among the ministers of New England.
Mather, in instructing the people at Freetown, about forty miles
south of Boston, to encourage Mr. Craighead in his work describes
him as "a man of singular piety, meekness, humility and industry
in the work of God." Removing to Pennsylvania in 1733, he
became a member of Donegal Presbytery, which had a peculiar
love and veneration for him and always spoke of him as "Father
Craighead." He was very active in planting and building up
churches in that region. On the 17th of November, 1737, he
accepted a call from the people of Hopewell, whose place of
meeting was at the "Big Spring" near Newville. His pastorate
there was brief. He had become an aged man, though his earn-
estness and power remained unabated. Under his impassioned
discourses his hearers were often melted to tears Near the close
of April, 1739, while pronouncing the benediction in the pulpit,
he waved his hand, exclaimed "Farewell! Farewell!" sank down
and expired. His remains are said to lie, without monument,
under the cornerstone of the present house of worship at New-
Rev Alexander Craighead, the fourth son of Rev. Thomas
Craighead, removed from the Presbytery of Donegal to Augusta
county, Virginia, from whence he was sent by Hanover Presby-
tery to Rocky River, North Carolina, in 1757, to labor among the
Cherokee Indians. A monument has recently been erected to his
memory in Charlotte, North Carolina, on one face of which is
RICHARD CLARK REED 323
inscribed: "Inspirer of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Inde-
pendence." Others of the family in blessed labors in the Pres-
byterian ministry have been Rev. Thomas B. Craighead, son of
Rev. Alexander Craighead; Rev. John Craighead, and Rev.
James Geddes Craighead, D. D.
In childhood and youth the physical condition of the subject
of this sketch was always good. His early life was passed in the
country, on the farm of his grandfather, in Tennessee on the
Tennessee river. He records that he "kept the lead in the field"
when a boy, and that he spent all his leisure hours in the river.
He formed habits of industry and correct ideas of manual labor;
developed his physical constitution, and, he says, learned how to
wait on himself. His mother dying when he was only two years
old, he was reared in the family of his maternal grandfather.
The War between the States, coming when he was a lad, closed
the country schools, and lack of means and poverty deprived him
of a good preparation for college. He did not neglect books,
however, and those which he found most helpful in fitting him
for his work in life were the standard English poets, which exer-
cised much influence on his early life in kindling the imagination
and in stimulating worthy aspirations. Since then theology and
history have been his principal studies.
He attended King college, Bristol, Tennessee, and was grad-
uated therefrom, in 1873, with the degree of A. B. He subse-
quently took a course of professional study at Union Theological
seminary in Hampden-Sidney, Virginia, and was graduated in
1876. He married, October 19, 1876, Miss Mary Cantey Venable,
daughter of Thomas F. and Mary P. Venable, of Virginia, of the
highly distinguished family of the name. To this union have
been born seven children, of whom six are living.
He determined on the Gospel ministry as his life-work
through personal preference. Innate ambition to excel made him
the oratorical medalist and valedictorian in college. In the more
serious contests of life a sense of duty has been the impelling
motive to the success which he has attained, since directed always
by the "sense of God in heart and conscience."
He commenced the active work of his life as a minister in
the Presbyterian church in Somerville, Tennessee, in 1876. He
then served successively as pastor in Smithville, Virginia, 1877-
85; in Franklin, Tennessee, 1885-89; in Charlotte, North Caro-
324 RICHARD CLARK REED
lina, 1889-92; in Nashville, Tennessee, 1892-98, and in 1898 was
elected professor of church history in the Presbyterian Theologi-
cal seminary, of Columbia, South Carolina, which chair he con-
tinues to fill. For some years he was associate editor of the
"Presbyterian Quarterly," the leading journal of the Presbyterian
church in the United States. At present he is associate editor
of the "Presbyterian Standard," published in Charlotte, North
The honorary degree of D. D., in recognition of his attain-
ments, was conferred on him by King college in 1891, and that
of LL. D. in 1906. In 1907 he was elected to membership in the
American Society of Church History. His written and published
works are held in high esteem. They are : "The Gospel as Taught
by Calvin," 1897; "History of the Presbyterian Churches of the
World," 1904; "John Knox An Address Before the General
Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States,"
delivered at Fort Worth, Texas.
He would commend as most helpful to young Americans as
the principles and habits most highly contributive to the strength-
ening of sound ideals of American life and which will most help
young people to attain true success in life: "A definite aim, a
worthy aim, and earnest consecration to that aim; temperate
habits; methodical habits; industry; perseverance; pluck; put-
ting supreme value on character; recognizing that true success is
rather a condition of the inner than the outer life."
His address is Columbia, Richland county, South Carolina.
JOHN SGHREINER REYNOLDS
REYNOLDS, JOHN SCHKEINER, son of George Norton
Reynolds, Jr., and Susan Eliza (Schreiner) Reynolds,
was born at Charleston, South Carolina, on September
28, 1848. His father was by occupation a carriage maker and
dealer. He represented the parishes of St. Philip and St. Michael
in the house of representatives of his state; his character was
marked by energy and vivacity, which accounted for his suc-
cess in life. William Reynolds, great-grandfather of John S.
Reynolds, came to Yorktown, Virginia, from England. He was
distinguished only for energy, probity, and patriotism, yet this
should be distinction enough for any man. George N. Reynolds,
son of William Reynolds, born in Yorktown, Virginia, removed
to Charleston, South Carolina, early in the nineteenth century,
where he engaged successfully in the carriage business. His son,
George N. Reynolds, Jr., was the father of the subject of this
sketch. John Henry Schreiner, his maternal grandfather, was a
native of Hamburg, Germany, and the son of a Lutheran clergy-
man. He came to Charleston early in the nineteenth century and
there successfully engaged in business as a merchant. He was a
man of the highest integrity and considerable scholarship.
In childhood John S. Reynolds was handicapped by frail
health. Because of this, he took little interest in outdoor sports ;
neither was he habituated to regular physical labor. Reading
was his chief enjoyment, and the chimney-corner and his books
occupied much of his time. Until fourteen years of age his life
was spent in the city of Charleston ; from that time until he was
twenty years of age he lived at Winnsboro. The influences which
most affected his early career were private study, contact with
men in active life, early companionship, and home. His mother
was a woman of strong character, and her influence was in all
respects excellent and most effective in shaping the tastes and
directing the tendencies of her son. His first strong impulse to
make his life something worth while he attributes to her counsels.
Young Reynolds found no royal road to culture; various
difficulties beset his pathway. Reading, however, filled what
might otherwise have proved serious gaps in his early education.
vol. ii. s. a IB.
326 JOHN SCHREINER REYNOLDS
He was devoted to history, political writings, and books of law;
and he made the English language a subject of special study.
His schooling was acquired in the common schools of Charleston
until 1862. Next he studied at Mount Zion institute in the years
1863 and 1864. He left school in November, 1864, to enter the
Confederate army, and resumed his studies in September, 1865.
In October, 1867, he entered the University of South Carolina,
from which institution he was graduated in 1868. In the univer-
sity he graduated with distinction in Latin and belles lettres, and
received the junior certificate of distinction in French and in
mental and moral philosophy. Though disappointing at the
time, events have proved that the break in his college course was
not an unmixed evil.
Mr. Reynolds' active life-work began in a store in Winns-
boro, South Carolina, on the 10th of September, 1868. From this
date until January, 1869, he was a clerk in Winnsboro; in 1869
he taught a country school in Marion county ; from 1870 to 1875
he was instructor in history and belles lettres at King's Mountain
Military school, Yorkville, South Carolina. He was admitted to
the bar at Winnsboro, January, 1876, having acquired his legal
knowledge while teaching. Until January, 1887, he occupied
himself with the law and journalism, being connected with the
Winnsboro "News and Herald." Removing to Columbia in Janu-
ary, 1887, he was at different times connected with "The Record,"
"The Register" and "The State," meantime looking for an oppor-
tunity to practice the profession of his choice. From the time
that opportunity came he practiced law in Columbia until August,
1902, when he was appointed supreme court librarian, a position
which he still holds, and in connection with which he continues
the practice of his profession.
Mr. Reynolds' political activities have included, in addition
to his newspaper work, attendance upon the Democratic state
convention of May, 1876; county conventions in Fairfield; active
participation in the campaign of 1876, and attendance upon the
county conventions of Richland and the state Democratic con-
vention in 1896. Mr. Reynolds was elected a member of the
house of representatives of South Carolina, from Richland, in
1896, and served one term. His principal service in this legis-
lative session was the introduction of and successful fight made
by him for the Reynolds printing bill, which provided that the
JOHN SCHREINER REYNOLDS 327
public printing be biennially let to the lowest responsible bidder.
He has held office in local Democratic clubs for nearly thirty
years. He served in the Confederate army, in the state troops,
from November 30 to December 26, 1864, and was a member of
the arsenal corps of the state cadets from December 26, 1864, to
May 5, 1865. He has also given attention to literature, having
written "Reconstruction in South Carolina," a work which was
published in 1905, and which has been very favorably received.
Mr. Reynolds attends the Protestant Episcopal church. In
politics he is a life-long Democrat.
In his own view, Mr. Reynolds' life has not been an unquali-
fied success. His early and constant ambition has been to be a
lawyer. Circumstances, however, over which he apparently had
no control, hindered him from devoting himself closely and
continuously to the practice of his profession.
His advice to the young is to select the work of life early,
and give persistent, unflagging attention thereto, and he regards
as essential elements of success, honesty, sobriety, fidelity to
friends, respect or veneration for parents, devotion to wife, and
justice and tenderness to children.
Mr. Reynolds was married on the 9th day of December, 1880,
to Miss Susan Gadsden Edwards. Seven children have been born
to them, of whom five are still (1907) living.
His address is 1403 Pendleton street, Columbia, South Caro-
JOHN GARDINER RICHARDS, JR.
RICHARDS, JOHN G., JR., of Liberty Hill, South Caro-
lina, planter and stock-raiser, for five consecutive terms
elected from Kershaw county a member of the South
Carolina house of representatives, where he has served as chair-
man of the committee on public schools and of the committee on
ways and means ; the author of the law appropriating money to
build and equip better school houses in the rural districts; of
the law establishing a model school building in connection with
Winthrop Normal and Industrial college for women, and of the
law providing free scholarships at that institution; and of that
part of the Clemson college scholarship law that provides schol-
arships for boys who expect to make agriculture their life-work,
is the name-sake and son of an honored father who has long
preached the Gospel in South Carolina, and has made his father's
name still better known by reason of the son's devotion to the
educational and agricultural interests of the state.
Born on Sunday, September 11, 1864, at Liberty Hill, he is
the son of Eev. John Gardiner Richards and Sophia Edwards
(Smith) Richards. His father, a graduate of Oglethorpe univer-
sity and of the Theological seminary at Columbia, South Caro-
lina, has been in the active ministry of the Presbyterian church
for over fifty years; and, as moderator of the synod of South
Carolina, for twenty years a member of the board of directors of
the Theological seminary of Columbia, and a successful and
beloved pastor and preacher, he has enjoyed the honor and loving
esteem of his colleagues in the ministry and of a host of his
fellow- citizens. He was chaplain of the Tenth South Carolina
regiment, and served in the Confederate army throughout the
War between the States; while two of his brothers were also
officers in the Confederate army.
Mr. Richards' maternal ancestors were English settlers in the
colonies of Virginia and North Carolina, before the Revolution.
John Fullerton, his great great-grandfather (born in Scotland,
1734; died at Charleston, 1779; buried in Old Circular church-
yard, Charleston), was commissioned captain of the Indian Field
company by the council of safety of South Carolina, December
JOHN GARDINER RICHARDS, JR. 331
1, 1775. A nephew of David Hume, the great philosopher and
historian, he was disinherited by his father and rebuked and
reproached in a letter from his uncle, David Hume, for his "rebel-
lious spirit and actions in vigorously supporting the cause of
independence for the colonies." He died from the results of a
severe cold taken while directing the work of his company in
erecting Fort Johnson as a defence for Charleston against the
anticipated attack of the British fleet and army.
Joseph Bighton, his mother's grandfather, was born in the
Bermuda Islands, September 9, 1762, and died at Charleston,
January 7, 1847. He served in the Revolutionary army ; and he,
also, is buried in the Old Circular churchyard at Charleston.
He had been a prisoner on board the British prison-ship Forbay,
His mother's brother, Gen. William Duncan Smith, was a
graduate of West Point, served in the Mexican war, and, like so
many other graduates of West Point, he was made a brigadier-
general in the organization of the Confederate army. He died
at Charleston early in the first year of the war.
Born in the country, passing his early life in a village, fond
of athletic sports, and particularly of baseball, tennis, and fox
hunting, he early learned to work on a farm regularly. He
writes: "I have worked on a farm the greater part of my life;
in early years at set tasks, and in later life as the owner and
manager of a farm; and the effect has been to teach me faith-
fulness to duty and independence in thought and action."
He feels himself most deeply indebted to his parents for a
strong and enduring influence upon his intellectual, moral and
spiritual life. He attended preparatory school at Liberty Hill,
and entered Bingham's school at Mebane, North Carolina; but
for family reasons his presence at home was needed, and he did
not complete a course of a desired study.
In 1884, at the age of nineteen, he began the "active work
of life for himself by taking the management of a farming
and stock-raising interest at White Oak, Kershaw county. The
"desire to be of service to his state and county," which his home
training had made a controlling desire in his life, led him to plan
in his manhood to devote himself to advocating and enforcing
measures which should advance the interests of education and of
agriculture in South Carolina.
332 JOHN GARDINER RICHARDS, JR.
Farming has always been his chief occupation, and stock-
raising in connection with farming. A Democrat by conviction,
and wishing to secure legislation which should give better educa-
tional facilities in the farming regions of the state and should
result in a more thorough scientific training for farmers, he early
began to give attention to party organization and to legislative
measures which favor schools and agriculture. He was elected a
magistrate of Kershaw county and served for eight years before
his first election to the house of representatives. He has been a
member of five Democratic state conventions; member of the
state Democratic executive committee for six years, and in 1907
he is vice-president of the Democratic party of the state.
In 1898 he was the Democratic nominee for the house of
representatives of his state, and he was triumphantly elected.
Four times since he has been reflected, twice without opposition
in his party. The nine years already passed in the legislature
have been marked by the advocacy of many measures to improve
the schools and to help the farmers of the state.
The bill to exempt the graduates of the Medical college of
Charleston from examination by the state board, he introduced,
and, after a four years' struggle, carried through to enactment
as a law. To the bill to give agricultural scholarships at Clemson
college and at Winthrop Normal and Industrial college, and to
the bill to build and equip better rural school houses, reference
has been made. His determination to do what he can as a
member of the house to help schools and farming has led him
twice to decline honorable and lucrative positions in connection
with the state government, in order that, as a legislator, he might
continue to work for what he has most at heart. In 1905 he was
elected a member of the board of visitors for Clemson college,
and in 1907 he was reflected.
In his church relations he is with the Presbyterian church
the church of his fathers. He has served as a deacon and is now
a ruling elder of the church at Liberty Hill.
In 1893 a company of the South Carolina militia, known as
the "Liberty Hill Rifles," was organized at Mr. Richards' resi-
dence, and he was elected captain of the company. This position
he filled until 1907. In 1907 he was unanimously elected by
his fellow-officers major of the First regiment, infantry, of the
National Guard. South Carolina. Governor Ansel named Mr.
JOHN GARDINER RICHARDS, JR. 333
Richards upon his military board and he still holds that position.
Governor Heyward appointed him a member of the Jamestown
Exposition Commission for South Carolina.
On the 12th of June, 1888, Mr. Richards was married to
Miss Bettie Coates Workman, daughter of W. H. Workman, Esq.,
a prominent lawyer of Camden. Of their nine children, eight
are living in 1907.
Mr. Richards attributes "to the influence of his early home,
more than to all other causes," the success he has won in life;
and it is interesting to see how the religious teaching and the
Christian principles of the home of that faithful preacher and
pastor, his father, have worked themselves out in the practical,
public-spirited, useful and honorable life of the legislator who
was trained in the Christian home.
WILLIAM ANSON ROGERS
ROGERS, REV. WILLIAM ANSON, A. B., was born in
Bishop ville, Sumter county (now Lee county), South
Carolina, September 29, 1849. He was the son of Wil-
liam Rogers, a native of Connecticut, and his wife, Annie Jane
McCollum, born of Scotch parentage in Robeson county, North
Carolina. His father was a man of marked intelligence, of ster-
ling character, diligent and practical in business affairs, gentle
in manner and firm in his adherence to principle and duty. He
came to the South in early life, and at once established himself
in the regard of his neighbors, whose esteem grew yearly with
increasing knowledge of the worth of the man, and his death was
deplored as a public loss. He was a zealous Christian and filled
many official positions in the Methodist Episcopal church. He
was highly successful, both as a merchant and farmer. Mrs.
Rogers, the mother, was a woman of great strength of mind, of
broad views, liberal culture, and gentle and unassuming in
manner. Her chief aim was to order her household aright and
to train her children in all the attainable graces of Christian
character. According to well-authenticated information trans-
mitted in the family, they were of the descent of John Rogers,
the martyr who was burned at the stake at Smithfield, England,
February 4, 1555.
The earliest ancestor in America was Hope Rogers, who
settled in Connecticut about the year 1700.
The subject of this sketch was the youngest of six children.
His early life was spent in the quiet of a country village, and
he grew up a healthy and vigorous lad, assisting his father in the
store and having at times the oversight of some of the slaves on
the farm contiguous. He was of studious habits and enjoyed a
wide range of reading, including fiction, history, poetry, and
works of a more serious character. He expressed the special
delight which he took in boyhood in the books of DeFoe, Poe,
and Augusta J. (Evans) Wilson.
He reverently testified to the directive influence on his spir-
itual life exercised by his excellent and deeply pious mother.
WILLIAM ANSON ROGERS 335
His preparatory education was in the village of his birth at
Bishopville academy. The War between the States, 1861-65,
interrupted his studies. In 1867 he went to Washington and Lee
university, then under the presidency of General Robert E. Lee,
and spent there one year. Whilst there he was initiated into the
Alpha chapter of the Kappa Alpha fraternity. In October, 1868,
he entered the freshman class in AVofford college, Spartanburg,
South Carolina. Mr. Rogers was president of the Calhoun Lit-
erary society, and was the founder and first G. M. of Delta
chapter of the Kappa Alpha fraternity, the first secret order
established at Wofford college. From this institution he was
graduated A. B. in June, 1872, delivering the valedictory of his
From personal preference and a conviction of duty he deter-
mined upon the ministry as his life-work. In December, 1872,
he was admitted on trial in the South Carolina conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, of which body he was ever
a faithful and efficient member. His first charge in the ministry
was Lynchburg, South Carolina. He afterward served as pastor
at Greenwood, Marion; Trinity, Charleston; Central, Spartan-
burg; Buncombe Street, Greenville; and Orangeburg, and for a
short time as presiding elder of the Spartanburg district. He
also served as the financial agent of his alma mater, Wofford
college; as one of its trustees from 1886 until his death in 1906,
and as assistant editor of the "Southern Christian Advocate."
He married, March 22, 1876, Miss Annie Maria Anderson,
daughter of the Rev. Edmund Anderson, of the Presbyterian
church, and a native of Dallas county, Alabama. Her grand-
father was Robert Anderson, a son of Colonel Robert Anderson,
of the Revolutionary war, who was subsequently made general
of the state troops, and after whom Anderson county, South
Carolina, is named. Of their seven children, five are now (1907)
Loyal to the state of his birth and the best interests of the
South, Mr. Rogers was constant in his allegiance to the Demo-
cratic party. As a pastor, Mr. Rogers was sympathetic, tender,
faithful; as a friend, true to the core; as a man among men, a
gentleman. As a preacher he was logical and direct, and being
of a poetical temperament, this imparted a chaste glow to his
periods; but he never sacrificed truth to rhetoric, nor the teach-
336 WILLIAM ANSON ROGERS
ings of the Gospel to the beauties of expression. Fidelity and
modesty were his marked traits ; sympathetic and wise in counsel,
his friendship was a boon.
He enjoined upon all young Americans who would achieve
true success in life to decide conscientiously upon some course of
usefulness, to pursue it constantly and with the entire strength
of their being, striving ever for higher and greater fullness of
Owing to failing health, Mr. Rogers withdrew from active
ministerial work in December, 1901, and located in Spartanburg.
He died there on the 29th of September, 1906, the anniversary of
his fifty-seventh year.
EDWIN GRENVILLE SEIBELS
SEIBELS, EDWIN GRENVILLE, son of Edwin Whipple
Seibels and Marie J. (Smith) Seibels, was born at Colum-
bia, South Carolina, in September, 1866. His father was
a general insurance agent, noted for firmness of character and a
Mr. Seibels' great-grandfather, John Jacob Seibels, emigrated
from Elberfeldt, Germany, to Charleston, South Carolina, about
1760. His great-grandmother, Lady Sarah Temple, lived in
Boston, Massachusetts ; she was the daughter of William Temple,
brother of Sir John Temple, of England. Among his ancestral
connections, Mr. Seibels counts Robert Emmett, the Irish patriot.
Mr. Seibels' early years were passed chiefly in Columbia.
Life was care- free. His college course cost him little struggle,
although he paid his own way. He was fond of reading, and
covered a wide range, including, first and last, almost all of the
standard authors of ancient and modern times. His mother's
influence upon his life was marked. Later forces that affected
his character were the example and standing of others ahead of
Mr. Seibels' first schooling was obtained under Mrs. Frank
Elmore; later he attended Thompson's academy; his course here
he followed with a course in South Carolina university, from
which institution he was graduated with the degree of B. E. in
1885. The serious work of life began for him when in Septem-
ber, 1886, he assumed charge of his father's insurance office. His
original desire was to be an engineer. Work was offered him in
connection with the Panama railway, but circumstances took him
instead into insurance. Since that time he has been constantly
identified with this business. From September, 1886, to January,
1887, he was special agent for a fire insurance company; in the
Southern field from 1887 to 1888 he was a member of the firm
of E. W. Seibels & Son; from 1888 to 1892, special agent of
various companies; from 1892 to 1898, general adjuster of fire
losses; in 1898 he became Southern manager of the Glens Falls
Insurance company; in 1900 he was appointed joint manager of
the Rochester German and New Hampshire Insurance company,
340 EDWIN GRENVILLE SEIBELS
with the Glens Falls company. Since that date he has also had
the management of the Milwaukee Mechanics, the American
Insurance company, of New Jersey, and the Royal Exchange
Assurance corporation; he also manages a large foreign marine
insurance business. In addition, Mr. Seibels has held the office
of president of the tree and park commission of the city of
Columbia. He is president of South Carolina college alumni
association and promoted the movement for the establishment of
an endowment fund for the college by the alumni association,
and is the president of the board of trustees of the alumni fund.
He was elected president of the Clariosophic society of South
Carolina college in his junior year. He has held various social
positions, is president of the South Carolina club and of other
clubs ; he is also a Mystic Shriner in the Masonic order, a member
of the S. A. E. fraternity, the Columbia club, and the Metro-
politan club, and was president of the general convention of the
S. A. E. fraternity in 1884.
Mr. Seibels is a Gold Democrat, and an Episcopalian.
The fact that, though defeated in his original purpose to
become an engineer, he nevertheless has succeeded in the business
which circumstances thrust upon him, may be, he thinks, a source
of encouragement to young people who, like himself, have been
unable to follow their native bent into their chosen pursuit. His
advice to young Americans is : "Be straightforward. Help others
whenever an opportunity presents itself. Don't tell your business
to people, but never do anything in business you could not tell."
On February 25, 1892, Mr. Seibels was married to Miss
Dorothy Newton, granddaughter of Commodore John Thomas
Newton and of Commodore Eben Farrand, of the Confederate
The address of Mr. Seibels is Columbia, South Carolina.
-' ri ," ;:
JOHN GALHOUN SHEPPARD
SHEPPARD, JOHN CALHOUN, lawyer, banker and
statesman, was born in Edgefield county, South Carolina,
July 5, 1850. His parents were James and Sarah Louisa
(Mobley) Sheppard. His father was a farmer, a man of integ-
rity, sobriety and industry, who was prominent in the community
in which he lived and was a member of the state legislature for
several terms. The mother of the subject of this sketch was a
woman of fine character, and her influence upon the moral and
intellectual life of her son was strong and permanent.
In childhood and youth John C. Sheppard was strong and
active. He had a marked taste for books, but after he was ten
years of age, at which time he removed from the village to the
country, he also took great pleasure in hunting, fishing and in
outdoor life in general. His primary education was obtained in
the schools of his neighborhood. Later he studied at Bethany
academy under Professor George Galphin. When he became
large enough to work he had regular tasks to perform after the
hours of school, and for two years subsequent to leaving the
academy he performed all kinds of labor incident to farm life
in order that he might obtain means with which to attend a
higher institution of learning. He spent three years at Furman
university, and in 1871 he was admitted to the bar and immedi-
ately entered upon the practice of his profession at Edgefield,
where he has remained until the present time. His choice of the
law as a profession was due to a strong inclination which he had
cherished from very early days. He writes: "I can remember
as well when I learned to walk as I do when I first entertained
the purpose of devoting myself to the law."
Had public affairs been in a settled condition, it is probable
that he would have devoted his life entirely to the practice of
his profession; but in 1876 the political conditions in his section
had become so intolerable that he felt compelled to make an effort
to help redeem the state from the condition which had been
brought about under the regime which followed the War between
the States. He had been a close student of public affairs from
the beginning of the Reconstruction period and had not only
344 JOHN CALHOUN SHEPPARD
witnessed but had suffered from the wrongs perpetrated upon the
people by the administrations of governors forced upon them,
and he entered eagerly and actively into the organization which
was then being formed for the purpose of securing a government
of their own choice. From the date of the May convention to
the day of election his whole time was given to the work of this
campaign. During the same year he was nominated and elected
a member of the South Carolina house of representatives, and
participated actively in the organization of the "Wallace house."
In December, 1877, Speaker Wallace having been elected judge
of the seventh judicial circuit, Mr. Sheppard was elected speaker
in his stead. In 1878 and also in 1880 he was reflected member
and speaker of the house. In 1882 he was elected lieutenant-
governor on the ticket on which Hugh S. Thompson was elected
governor, and they were reflected in 1884. In July, 1886, Gov-
ernor Thompson having been appointed by President Cleveland
for service in the national government, Mr. Sheppard became
his successor and discharged the duties of the office until the
inauguration of Governor John Peter Richardson in December
of the same year. Upon the expiration of his service as governor,
Mr. Sheppard resumed the practice of law and devoted himself
exclusively to the duties of his profession until 1892, in which
year the conservative element of the Democratic party nominated
him as their candidate for governor, in opposition to the reelec-
tion of Governor Benjamin E. Tillman. The campaign which
followed was one of the most memorable in the history of South
Carolina, and while it resulted in the reelection of Tillman, the
conduct and bearing of ex-Governor Sheppard was such as to
win for him the respect and admiration of friends and foes alike.
After the election of 1892 he again resumed the discharge of his
professional and business duties, in which he continued until
1895, when he became a candidate for the Constitutional conven-
tion, which had been called to assemble in August, and although
he conducted no campaign, and made only one speech before the
people (which was made when the campaign party addressed the
people of the village in which he lived), he was elected a member
from Edgefield county of that great convention. Regarding the
value of his services in the convention, the records afford ample
evidence. Suffice it to say that he measured fully up to the lofty
JOHN CALHOUN SHEPPARD 345
standard of honor, patriotism and unselfish public service which
he had set for himself in the early part of his career.
In 1898 he was a candidate for an unexpired term of two
years in the state senate, and after a canvass in which his
opponent was the Honorable Thomas H. Rainsford, and in which
every inch of the ground was hotly contested, he was elected by
an overwhelming majority. In 1900 he was reflected to the
senate for a full term without opposition. Upon the expiration
of this term, in 1904, he was urged to again be a candidate, but
he declined to do so in order that he might devote his entire time
to his alt'airs as lawyer and banker, together with the onerous and
important duties of supreme dictator of the Knights of Honor,
a position to which he had been elected in 1903 and held until
June, 1907, when he declined reelection. He is also a member of
the Knights of Pythias, and has been connected with many other
social, literary and fraternal societies, in some of which he has
held important offices. In 1890 he became president of the Bank
of Edgefield, a position which he still retains.
He is a member of the Baptist church, and is prominent in
all that makes for the social, educational and religious advance-
ment of his community, contributing liberally of his means to
charity and all public movements for the betterment of the town
in which he lives, as well as assisting in the promotion of all its
enterprises, and exhibiting in all the relations of life the public
spirit and broad-minded generosity which ever characterize the
man who endeavors to live up to the best that is in him and to
discharge with fidelity all the obligations of good citizenship and
In response to a request that, from his own experience and
observation, he would offer suggestions as to the means which
will most help young people to attain success in life he says:
"If a young man adopts the principles of integrity, veracity and
sobriety, and adheres to the methods of industry and economy,
and practices the habits of prudence, patience and politeness, he
On May 22, 1879, he was married to Miss Helen Wallace,
daughter of Judge William H. Wallace, of Union, South Caro-
lina. Of their eight children, seven are now (1907) living. These
devoted parents have earnestly and conscientiously endeavored to
346 JOHN CAL.HOUN SHEPPARD
provide for the physical, moral and spiritual welfare of their
children, who have not only been trained in the Christian virtues
at home, but have also been given excellent advantages in schools
of high grade.
His address is Edgefield, South Carolina.
CHARLES CARROLL SIMMS
SIMMS, CHARLES CARROLL, was born at Woodlands,
near the town of Midway, in Bamberg county, South
Carolina, October 20, 1862. He was the son of William
Gilmore Simms, LL. D., and Chevillette Eliza (Roach) Simms.
Doctor Simms was an author, historian, poet, novelist, and biog-
rapher. He represented Barnwell county in the legislature of
South Carolina. He was intensely patriotic, entirely loveable in
his domestic life, impulsive, courageous, true, generous to prodi-
gality in all things, and in all things a man. Governor James
H. Hammond testified of him that he had met all the great men
of America, including her leading statesmen, but that Doctor
Simms was intellectually the greatest man he ever met.
The grandfather of Charles Carroll Simms was William
Gilmore Simms. The great-grandfather bore the same name; he
was Scotch- Irish, and was in the Coffee brigade under Jackson.
He was a poet, and from him William Gilmore Simms inherited
the poetic gift.
As a child the subject of this sketch was in delicate health ;
later, however, he developed a strong constitution. He was inter-
ested in reading, and from this exercise derived much of his early
education. His youth was passed in the country near Woodlands,
in Barnwell county, near Midway, and in Charleston, where he
went to school.
Young Simms was early trained to work. He performed
farm labor, of a more or less exacting character, and served as
outdoor clerk, first for George W. Williams & Company, and
afterward for Norwood & Coker; both firms doing business in
Charleston. He also clerked in a country store in Barnwell,
When but eleven months old, Charles Carroll Simms suffered
a great loss in the death of his mother, and when but eight years
old his father died, in 1870. His early educational advantages
were slight. The war having left his father's family in an
impoverished condition, he was compelled to leave school when
less than fourteen years of age and go to work. Nevertheless, he
continued his reading, confining this largely to standard works,
Vol. II. S. C. 16.
350 CHARLES CARROLL SIMMS
and avoiding the sensational and inferior literature upon which
the time of many young people is wasted, or worse. Such
schooling as he received was obtained at the schools of the Misses
Roach and Professor Sachtleben in Charleston.
Mr. Simms's active life work began in December, 1883, when,
at twenty-one years of age, he was admitted to the bar before
the supreme court of South Carolina. The forces which have
impelled him onward have been self-respect and determination.
The success he has attained he attributes chiefly to private study,
contact with men of prominence, and travel. He has held no
offices of influential character, save that of chairman of the board
of trustees of the graded schools of Barnwell. In his legal prac-
tice he has been brought, in a limited measure, into contact with
corporations for which he has at times served as counsel. Since
1887 he has practiced law at Barnwell in copartnership with the
Honorable George H. Bates.
The chief public service rendered by Mr. Simms has, in his
judgment, been the opposition which, in behalf of the conserva-
tive wing of the Democratic party in his state, he has offered to
the policies of Benjamin R. Tillman, first governor, and now
United States senator. In this work he three times stumped his
section of the state, the second district, and, though his wing of
the party was in a hopeless minority, he was always treated with
respect and consideration by his political opponents and voters,
a fact largely due to his systematic effort to allay bitterness and
establish harmonious relations between the two factions of the
party. He congratulates himself that he has lived to see an end
of factional strife and antagonism and the consolidation of all
elements of the Democratic party in his district. For this happy
condition he believes that his efforts and influence have been in
some measure responsible.
Mr. Simms is a member of the Masonic order blue lodge,
chapter, commandery, and fourteenth degree Scottish rite; Im-
proved Order of Red Men, Woodmen of the World, and Knights
of Pythias. He has been worshipful master in the Masonic order
as well as a D. D. G. M. thereof for years; and has filled all
offices in the Knights of Pythias, including grand chancellor and
supreme representative from his state.
Mr. Simms is not a confirmed member of any religious
denomination, but prefers to attend the Protestant Episcopal
CHARLES CARROLL SIMMS 351
church, wherein he was christened when an infant. His exercise
he finds in walking and swimming, to which he is devoted ; he is
also a member of fishing, social, business and agricultural clubs.
Mr. Simms is deeply attached to his state. In 1882-83 he was
in San Francisco and other parts of California, and would,
no doubt, have remained there, to his own personal advantage,
had not his love for South Carolina, its history, traditions, insti-
tutions, and aspirations, recalled him, that he might devote his
life and powers to the service of this great commonwealth.
His advice to the young is to cultivate self-respect. He
believes that where the home, associations with others, and even
the church, have failed rightly to regulate and direct character,
the inculcation of self-respect will hold the young in the right
course and impel them to the highest attainments of which they
Mr. Simms's successes have all been achieved within his pro-
fession. He has been engaged in the most prominent litigation
on all sides in his county and elsewhere, and has given his exclu-
sive attention to his profession. He regards political life as a
failure, and office-holding as more of a curse than an advantage.
Above all things, he esteems the life of a private citizen as most
independent, dignified and desirable. Such a life, he believes,
will make a man respectable when public life oftentimes will
In January, 1886, Mr. Simms was married to Miss Emily
M. Maher, daughter of the late Judge John J. Maher. She lived
only a year after the marriage; and on April 18, 1894, Mr.
Simms was married to her sister, Miss Fanny H. Maher. Of
their six children, four are now (1907) living.
The address of Mr. Simms is Barnwell, South Carolina.
JOSEPH EMORY SIRRINE
SIKRINE, JOSEPH EMORY, civil engineer and engineer
for industrial plants and water power development, was
born in Americus, Sumter county, Georgia, December 9,
1872. His parents were George W. and Sarah E. Sirrine. His
father was a carriage and wagon manufacturer, an energetic and
public-spirited man, who was devoted to his family, and who,
though never holding political office, was helpful in the commu-
nity in which he lived. For many years he was president of the
free public library of Greenville and also of the Hospital asso-
ciation of that town. The earliest ancestor in this country whose
name is known was John Sirrine, who was born January 4, 1769.
His father, whose name is not remembered, came from France
and settled in Louisiana. John Sirrine was the great great-
grandfather of the subject of this sketch. He died February 4,
1812. On the maternal side, the great-grandfather of Joseph
Sirrine was John Rhinelander, the name afterward shortened to
Rylander, who either settled or was born near Savannah, Georgia.
His family came from the province of Salzburg, in Germany.
His mother's maternal grandfather was Joseph Brown, who
resided in the old Abbeville district, South Carolina.
In childhood and youth Joseph Sirrine was strong and well.
His home was in the village of Greenville, and he was fond of
outdoor life and was also deeply interested in machinery. Except
while at school he had regular tasks to perform, and he believes
that this was of great benefit, because it taught him the value of
close application to the work in hand. There were no difficulties
to overcome in his efforts to secure an education. He was fond
of reading and study, and his mother exerted a strong influence
on his intellectual life. Until he was thirteen years of age he
attended public and private schools in Greenville. He then
entered Furman university, where he remained three years, but,
as he omitted the last year of the course, he was not graduated.
In his boyhood he was especially fond of books of travel, but
while at the university his time was largely given to the study
of mathematics. From very early years he had desired to become
tf BUC U3RA1Y
JOSEPH EMORY SIRRINE 355
a civil engineer, and to this choice there was no opposition on the
part of his relatives or friends. The active work of his life was
commenced in June, 1890, as a rodman on a railroad survey.
From this time to 1895 he was engaged in the general work of a
civil and a mill engineer. In the year last named he became
associated with the firm of Lockwood, Greene & Company, of
Boston, Massachusetts, as constructing engineer. He remained
with this firm until 1902. During the last three years of this
connection, a period of great activity in the erection of cotton
mills in that section, he was manager and chief engineer in their
Southern department. Foreseeing a great development in the
manufacture of cotton in the South which would bring a large
amount of business to men in his profession, he severed his con-
nection with the Boston firm, and in 1902 began business under
his own name as a mill engineer. The success which had attended
his work had given him an excellent reputation, and when he
opened an office in Greenville, in which he employed several
assistants, his services were in great demand, and from that time
to the present he has carried on a large business in planning
industrial plants and in water power developments. Many of
the larger manufacturing plants now in operation in his section
of the state were constructed according to his plans and under
his supervision. It is safe to say that he is recognized as the
foremost mill engineer in South Carolina, and his reputation has
extended far beyond the bounds of the state.
Of fraternal orders, Mr. Sirrine is a member of the York
Rite Masons, and is a noble of the order of the Mystic Shrine;
while of scientific bodies he is a member of the American Society
of Civil Engineers and of the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers. In politics he is a Democrat, although in 1896 and
1900 he refused to vote the national ticket on account of its
advocacy of the free coinage of silver. He is a close student
and a hard worker, but occasionally secures recreation out of
doors in the common sports, while for indoor amusement he
enjoys card games, especially whist.
In reply to a request for suggestions in regard to habits and
principles which help young people to attain true success in life,
he says : "Work without regard to purely temporary benefits will
356 JOSEPH EMORY SIRRINE
insure a fair degree of success to any man of average mind and
good habits. Faithfulness and energy are the only things that
can make success."
On November 8, 1898, Mr. Sirrine was married to Jane
Pinckney Henry. Their home is Number 326 North Main street,
Greenville, South Carolina.
7 . ) \ -s
AUGUSTUS WARDLAW SMITH
SMITH, AUGUSTUS WAKDLAW, financier, merchant and
manufacturer, was born April 29, 1862, in Abbeville, Abbe-
ville county, South Carolina. His father, Major Augustus
M. Smith, planter and member of the state legislature, a man of
much public spirit and very popular, was killed in the battle of
Gaines Mill, in the War between the States, while major of the
First South Carolina regiment. His mother, Sarah (Wardlaw)
Smith, was a cultured and pious woman and exercised a strong
influence in the formation of his moral character.
He is of Scotch blood. His paternal great-grandfather,
William Smith, moved from Virginia to Stony Point, Abbeville
county, South Carolina, and his grandfather, Joel Smith, of
Abbeville county, was a noted financier of the last century, who
amassed nearly a million dollars previous to the War between the
States. On the maternal side, Robert Wardlaw, his fourth great-
grandfather, originally from Scotland, was the founder of the
American branch of the family. He came from Ireland to Penn-
sylvania at the time that persecution at home was sending a
steady stream of Scotch and Irish Presbyterians to this country,
then to Virginia, and finally settled in Abbeville county, where
the family has been prominent ever since. John Wardlaw, his
great-grandfather, was clerk of the county court for thirty-eight
years. Judge D. L. Wardlaw, his grandfather, was a member of
the South Carolina state legislature from 1826 to 1841; speaker
of the house in 1836; judge of the circuit court in 1841 ; a member
of the state conventions of 1852, 1860-62, and 1865; one of the
signers of the ordinance of secession, and was in 1865 elected
associate justice of the state court of appeals.
In childhood he was delicate, but soon grew more robust and
in youth was active in such sports as horseback riding and fox
hunting. He decided early from personal preference to make his
life a commercial one, and his education, arranged in accordance
with that decision, was obtained at Judge W. C. Benet's school,
Cokesbury, South Carolina; the high school, Abbeville, and the
University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee. When he left the
latter institution he went to work on a farm as a helper, at the
360 AUGUSTUS WARDLAW SMITH
age of seventeen, and remained there a year. This was a great
help to him physically, besides teaching him how to apply him-
self to work systematically.
Mr. Smith began his business career in 1881 as a clerk in his
uncle's store in Abbeville; in 1883 he started a store of his own,
and from that time his rise in the commercial world was rapid.
In 1900 the business, having outgrown the town, was removed to
Spartanburg, and soon became one of the largest in that section.
In the same year he organized and became president and treasurer
of the Woodruff Cotton mills, Woodruff, South Carolina, which he
built and has made to rank among the finest and most prosperous
in the state. A year later, in 1901, he organized and became
president of the Bank of Woodruff, which stands high among the
financial institutions of the state, and since 1905 he has been a
director of the Central National bank, of Spartanburg. In
November, 1906, he was elected president of the Union-Buffalo
Mills company, the Union Manufacturing Power company, and
the Union Glenn Springs railroad, all situated at Union, South
In 1890-91 he was colonel of the Third South Carolina regi-
ment state troops, and was mayor of Abbeville 1891-92. He says
he has never had any ambition beyond being a good business man
and a good citizen, both of which he is beyond question. He has
devoted much time to mathematics and the study of books on the
manufacture of cotton. This study, together with his natural
ability and his untiring energy, enabled him to achieve a marked
success before he reached middle age. His career has been a
practical demonstration of the value of his advice to the young
man starting in life in any line of endeavor : "Be strictly honest
in all dealings; never procrastinate in what is to be done; always
be polite and just; overcome all obstacles in business by attention
Among the potent influences of his life he rates home first
and contact with men next. He is a member, past chancellor
commander and department grand commander of the Knights of
Pythias, and he is a member of the Alpha Omega college frater-
nity. His religious connection is with the Protestant Episcopal
church, of which he is a member. In politics he is a Democrat.
He finds his most enjoyable recreation in quiet rest at home.
AUGUSTUS WARDLAW SMITH 361
On January 5, 1887, he married Mary Noble, daughter of
Edward Noble, of Abbeville, and on June 5, 1901, Belle Perrin,
daughter of the late L. W. Perrin, of Abbeville; five children
have been born to them, of whom four are now (1907) living.
His address is Spartanburg, South Carolina.
RUFUS FRANKLIN SMITH
SMITH, KUFUS FEANKLIN, M. D., successful financier,
was born in Equality, Anderson county, South Carolina,
August 17, 1858. His father was James Monroe Smith, a
Southern planter and merchant, who has been described as "a
dignified gentleman of the old school." His mother was Hester
Watkins Smith, and his maternal great-grandfather, David Wat-
kins, whose father came to this country from Wales.
Doctor Smith grew up on a plantation, where, as a well-
developed, sturdy youth, he took a lively interest in farm life,
and especially in horses. After attending Adger college in Wal-
halla, South Carolina, he took a course in the medical department
of the University of Virginia, where in 1881 he was graduated
with the degree of M. D. He supplemented this training by
special courses at the University of Pennsylvania, at Jefferson
college in Philadelphia, and in New York. He then returned to
the plantation and took up the practice of medicine, which he
continued until 1900. In that year he relinquished his profession
in order to devote his attention to his large financial interests.
He is president of the Easley Oil mill, president of the Easley
Loan and Trust company, and was identified with the establish-
ment of the Easley graded school. He is an elder in the Presby-
terian church ; an active member of the Masonic fraternity, of the
Knights of Pythias, and of the Woodmen of the World. In his
professional work he has been connected with county, state and
national medical societies.
Doctor Smith takes an active interest in political affairs.
He was a member of the South Carolina constitutional convention
of 1895, and was sent as a delegate to the national Democratic
convention at St. Louis in 1904. Whether in politics, in the
medical profession, or in the financial world, he has always been
an earnest and persevering worker.
He is interested in the study of evolution as it affects the
human family, and retains his early love for fine horses and other
blooded stock, as well as for all athletic sports. He owns exten-
sive farming lands, is largely interested in agriculture and cotton
RUFUS FRANKLIN SMITH 365
manufacture, and he is a director in the Easley, Glenwood, Lib-
erty, and Calumet Cotton mills. He is also president of the
Easley Cotton Seed Oil mill, of the Liberty Cotton Seed Oil mill
and of the Easley Loan and Trust company.
On August 22, 1888, he married Ida J. Hollingsworth, of
Pickens, South Carolina. They have had six children two
daughters and four sons all of whom are now (1907) living.
His address is Easley, Pickens county, South Carolina.
THOMAS BASGOM STAGKHOUSE
STACKHOUSE, THOMAS BASCOM, son of T. F. Stack-
house and Mary A. (Bethea) Stackhouse, was born near
Dillon, South Carolina, in Marion county, on November
Mr. Stackhouse is a man of distinguished ancestry. Com-
mencing with the year 1502, down for upwards of two centuries,
may be found members of the Stackhouse family noted as col-
legians and writers, most of them being in orders. At present
several of the name are priests in the Church of England. Lead-
ing the list of divines in the family was Thomas, at one time
principal of St. Austin's hostel, Troters; vice-chancellor of
Cambridge, and chaplain to Henry VIII, and rector of Kirby
Sigiston, Yorkshire. Others are Hugh Stackhouse, collegian and
naturalist; Thomas Stackhouse, Bible historian, and William
Stackhouse, D. D., rector of St. Erme, Cornwall. Thomas Stack-
house was a classical scholar, and John a botanist. Another
Thomas Stackhouse was famous both as a Friend and antiquarian.
From Yorkshire this family has spread over the world. Richard
Stackhouse came to New England in the Puritan times; two
Thomas Stackhouses and a John came to the Province of Penn-
sylvania. The elder Thomas married twice; his first wife's
family were of distinguished lineage, and the second has given to
the Society of Friends some of its most illustrious writers. John,
the brother of Thomas, Jr., left many descendants. Thomas, the
elder brother, left no children. He was a prominent Friend in
Thomas Stackhouse, the younger, came to America when
about twenty-one. He was wealthy, occupied many offices of
trust, was one of the four collectors of money granted proprie-
tary; represented Bucks county, Pennsylvania, in the Colonial
assembly, 1711-13-15, and was reflected in 1716, but refused to
serve. He built the first meeting house at Middletown, Bucks
county, in 1690; was on various committees of the society, and
was three times married. The coat-of-arms in this family is
argent on a bend engrailed, sa, three bucks' heads of the field.
THOMAS BASCOM STACKHOU8E 369
Crest: A buck's head, as in the arms. Motto: "Er cordiad y
caera." (From foundation of the fortress.)
William Stackhouse was born in Bucks county, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1736, and came to Marion county, South Carolina, about
1760. He took part in the Revolutionary war, and was paroled
at the surrender of Charleston to Cornwallis. He had two sons,
William and John.
John Stackhouse was born October 22, 1766. He had five
sons: Herod, Isaac, John, Tristram, and Hugh, and died June
22, 1819. Isaac Stackhouse was born October 10, 1790. He had
six sons : Maston, Thomas, William, Tristram, Milton and Robert.
All of these were successful farmers.
Eli Thomas Stackhouse was the pioneer in intensive farming
in South Carolina, a colonel in the Confederate army, and a
member of congress. He died June 14, 1892, while a member of
Tristram F. Stackhouse was born the 23d of August, 1835.
He inherited from his father the lands settled on by William
Stackhouse about the year 1760, and cultivated these lands to the
time of his death, June 6, 1905. He represented his county,
Marion, in the legislature for tl^ree terms, and was noted for his
fairness and honorable dealing. He had three sons, Thomas,
Randolph and Lawrence. Randolph P. Stackhouse has devoted
his life to agriculture, and now cultivates, in addition to other
lands, the lands which belonged to the Stackhouse family for
about a century and a half. He was a member of the Consti-
tutional convention of South Carolina in 1895.
Thomas B. Stackhouse was brought up in the country. He
loved horses, worked on the farm when not in school, and fre-
quently picked more cotton than any negro on the place. The
forces which affected the life of young Stackhouse were the
beneficent influence of his mother, reading, school, early com-
panionship, private study, and contact with men. He taught
school before going to college and during every vacation. He
attended Wofford college, graduating in 1880 with the degree of
A. B., and was for several years a trustee of that institution.
He was a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity. His active
life began in 1881 as a merchant at Little Rock, South Carolina,
in which business he was successfully engaged till 1885. From
1882 to 1902 he farmed near Dillon, South Carolina. In 1897
370 THOMAS BASCOM STACKHOUSE
he organized the Bank of Dillon, and had the active management
of same till 1903. In 1900 he was instrumental in building the
Dillon Cotton mills, of which he was elected president. The
latter part of 1902 he resigned his position in the Bank of Dillon
and the Dillon Cotton mills and moved to Spartanburg, South
Carolina, where he helped to organize the American National
bank and the Southern Trust company, of which he was respect-
ively cashier and treasurer during 1903 and 1904. In January,
1905, he was elected vice-president of the National Loan and
Exchange bank, of Columbia, and president of the Bank of
Dillon, which positions he still (1907) retains. In addition to
his official connection with these two banks he is a director in the
American National bank and the Southern Trust company, of
Spartanburg, the Security Savings and Investment company, of
Newberry, the Cowpens Manufacturing company, the Hamer
Cotton mills, and a trustee of the Epworth orphanage.
His address is Columbia, South Carolina.
WILLIAM FRANCIS STEVENSON
STEVENSON, WILLIAM FEANCIS, lawyer, banker, and
ex-speaker of the house of representatives of South Caro-
lina, was born near Statesville, Iredell county, North Caro-
lina, on the 23d of November, 1861. His parents were William
Sidney Stevenson and Eliza (McFarland) Stevenson. His father
was a farmer by occupation, but for some time was engaged in
teaching. He was a man of tenacious memory and conspicuous
piety, and was a leading elder of the Presbyterian church of his
neighborhood for nearly fifty years. The earliest ancestor of the
Stevenson family in America was William Stevenson, the great
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, who came to
Pennsylvania in 1748 and removed to Iredell county, North Caro-
lina, in 1761, where the family has since lived. Among Mr.
Stevenson's distinguished relatives were his second cousins, Adlai
E. Stevenson, vice-president of the United States; J. H. Bell, an
associate justice of the supreme court of Texas, and A. P. McCor-
mick, United States circuit judge, of Dallas, Texas.
Mr. Stevenson's physical condition in childhood and youth
was strong and robust; he was very fond of active outdoor life
and passed his early years in the country. From the time that
he was ten years old until he was eighteen he labored on his
father's farm, working regularly in the making and harvesting
of every crop and doing all sorts of farm work. In winter he
attended the public schools. He prepared for college in Taylors-
ville, North Carolina, and was finally graduated at Davidson
college, North Carolina, with the A. B. degree. His education
was not acquired without difficulty, as he had to make his own
way through college, but inspired by home influences, especially
the influence of his mother, he attained his college degree with
distinction. His chief reading was in the line of history and the
works of D'Aubigne, Alex. H. Stephens, and Macaulay, were
among his greatest favorites. Subsequently to his graduation he
studied law in the office of General W. L. T. Prince, of Cheraw,
South Carolina, and he began the practice of law at Chesterfield,
South Carolina, in July, 1887.
372 WILLIAM FRANCIS STEVENSON
Mr. Stevenson has had a busy and successful career. In
addition to his work as a lawyer, he has been president of the
Merchants and Farmers bank, of Cheraw, South Carolina, since
1900 ; president of the Chesterfield and Lancaster Railroad com-
pany since 1901; director of the National Loan and Exchange
bank, of Columbia, since 1903 ; district counsel of the Seaboard
Air Line railway; vice-president of the Chesterfield County Oil
company from its organization in 1901 until it was merged in the
Independent Cotton Oil company, of which he is a director. He
is now (1907) attorney for the state commission of South Carolina
which was appointed to wind up the affairs of the late state dis-
pensary, a concern which owed about a million dollars and had
assets worth about the same sum when it was forced out of business
by legislative enactment. He has also been conspicuous in political
life, having been a member of the South Carolina house of repre-
sentatives from 1896 to 1902, speaker of the house from 1900 to
1902, and mayor of Cheraw from 1894 to 1896. Mr. Stevenson
is a member of the Presbyterian church and has been an elder
in that church since 1888. He was moderator of the synod
of South Carolina in 1900, being the first lay moderator ever
appointed. Mr. Stevenson was president of the Democratic state
executive convention in 1900 and was chairman of the legislative
committee that investigated the penitentiary of South Carolina
in 1899, an investigation which resulted in the discovery and
exposure of great abuses. He is a member of the Beta Theta Pi
college fraternity. He has always been a Democrat, and all his
public services have been given to the furtherance of his party
On November 13, 1888, Mr. Stevenson married Mary E.
His address is Cheraw, Chesterfield county, South Carolina.
CHARLES WIGHTMAN STOLL
STOLE, CHARLES WIGHTMAN, lawyer, since 1904
mayor of Kingstree, Williamsburg county, South Carolina,
was born near Kingstree, on the 4th of February, 1867.
His father, James C. Stoll, was a minister of the Gospel, active
in the work of the South Carolina conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, and for four years presiding elder of
the Florence district, a man who is remembered for his "high
sense of honor, his purity of purpose and character, the spiritu-
ality of his life, and his marked and intense love of reading."
His ancestors were English and Scotch immigrants, who settled
in Charleston and in Williamsburg county in colonial days. The
family is identified with the history of Old Bethel church, on
Calhoun street, Charleston, South Carolina ; and one of the small
streets of Charleston carried the family name. His mother was
Mrs. Mary (McCollough) Stoll. Her ancestors came from Scot-
land with the body of Scotch-Irish settlers of old Williamsburg.
They are related to and intermarried with the Jameses, Pressleys,
Witherspoons and other historic families of Williamsburg. They
were planters and slaveholders, and were noted for their family
sense of honor and their patriotism.
Of his boyhood Mr. Stoll writes: "I was an ordinary South
Carolina boy, hearty, vigorous, full of fun and fond of outdoor
sports, fishing being my favorite sport. My boyhood days were
spent in town and country, after the fashion of a preacher's son.
I was the wood-cutter, the cow-milker, the horse-feeder, the
garden-worker and the errand-boy. I was taught to work with
my hands. Difficulties which beset me were an aid to my educa-
tion. My father lived in the country until I was fourteen, and
my school days were passed there. When I entered a good town
school, and was made to feel my backwardness, I determined to
improve my opportunities, and I studied hard. At eighteen I
was ready for college, but I could not attend college for want of
funds. After losing two years, I finally entered Wofford college
in the spring of 1887.
"My father's assistance, and rigid economy on my part,
allowed me to complete the course, and I was graduated in the
Vol. II. S. C. 17.
376 CHARLES WIGHTMAN STOLL,
class of 1890 with the degree of A. B., with a creditable standing
and some honors, having been president of one of the literary
societies and winning the alumni science medal in my senior year.
After graduation I taught in the city schools of Orangeburg.
I was principal of the Orangeburg graded schools, and later
of the Kingstree academy, as it was then called, and at other
places, for several years, in the meantime taking the degree of
A. M. from Wofford college with the view of making teaching
O O O
my profession. The school room proved to be too confining for
my health, and I gave up teaching and began the study of law."
In 1902, with his brother, P. H. Stoll, Esquire, he opened an
office in Kingstree for the practice of his profession, having been
admitted to the bar in 1901.
In reply to the question, "What particularly determined you
in the choice of your profession?" he writes: "The desire to be a
useful and respected citizen to be something and to do some-
thing." Whatever moral force marks his character, Mr. Stoll
attributes to the influence of his home and his parents; and
private study has steadily contributed to such success as he has
attained in his profession. Throughout his life he has "tried to
understand and to avoid the mistakes of others."
Mr. Stoll is a lawyer by profession ; but he is also a banker,
and he is practically interested in farming. He helped to organ-
ize the Bank of Williamsburg, the largest banking house in
Williamsburg county, and since 1906 he has been president of this
bank. His law firm, Stoll & Stoll, acts as solicitors for the bank.
At college he was a member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity.
In politics he is a Democrat and has never swerved in his allegi-
ance to that organization. He is identified with the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South. Mr. Stoll has never married.
He does not rely upon any particular form of sport or exer-
cise for relaxation from business; but he writes: "When I tire
of office work I go to my farm, and the change and the exercise
always prove beneficial."
The confidence and esteem felt by his fellow-citizens for Mr.
Stoll have found expression in his election as mayor of Kingstree
in 1903 to fill out an unexpired term, and in his reelection by a
large majority in 1905 for the full term, in which he is still
serving. As mayor, his administration has been marked by a
CHARLES WIGHTMAN STOLL 377
progressive and liberal policy, encouraging all the sound enter-
prises which have been established at Kingstree.
To the young people of South Carolina he offers these sen-
tences for consideration: "Our country has the possibilities of a
paradise, if they are properly used. What we need is honest
work and honest economy, with the purpose to make men and not
to make dollars. Money should be subservient to man, not man
CHARLES EDWARD SUMMER
SUMMER, CHARLES EDWARD, merchant, was born in
Lexington county, South Carolina, November 18, 1858.
His parents were George W. and Martha D. Summer.
His father was a farmer, who served in the Confederate army
and died in a hospital in Virginia, July 13, 1862. His mother
was a woman of exemplary life, who exerted a strong and benefi-
cent influence upon the intellectual and moral nature of her son.
His earliest known ancestors in this country came from Germany
and settled in that part of Lexington county, South Carolina,
which is now known as Dutch Fork.
As a boy, Charles Summer was strong and active. He took
a lively interest in the outdoor sports common in the country, in
which his childhood was passed. He early evinced both a liking
and an aptitude for agriculture and the performance of helpful
duties around the farm in boyhood taught him lessons of perse-
verance and endurance which have been of great benefit to him
in later years. There were many difficulties in the way of his
securing an education. It is well known that in the poverty-
stricken condition of his state immediately after the war the
country schools, which were the only ones he could attend, were
of but indifferent character. Then, too, even in early youth, his
time was mainly spent at work on his father's farm. Conse-
quently he had but little leisure for study or for general reading.
The Bible constituted the greater part of his own library, and
there were but comparatively few books which he could borrow
from his friends. Much as he desired a college education, circum-
stances placed it entirely beyond his reach.
The active work of life was begun in 1877, when, although
but nineteen years of age, he engaged in farming in Lexington
county. Here he remained until 1888, when, in quest of a larger
field and in hope of securing a higher degree of success, he
became a merchant in Newberry. He began business in a small
way, but it rapidly grew in extent and importance until it became
a conspicuous success. Meanwhile Mr. Summer was rapidly rising
in public esteem. He had identified himself with the interests
of the town and become prominent in its affairs. He is now a
CHARLES EDWARD SUMMER 381
director in several business enterprises, including the Mollohon
Manufacturing company, the Newberry Warehouse company, and
the Newberry Land and Security company. He is vice-president
of the two companies last named, and is secretary and treasurer
of the Newberry Warehouse company. He has served two terms
as alderman of Newberry, and since 1901 he has been a commis-
sioner of public works.
Mr. Summer was married, first, on January 1, 1877, to
Leonora Sease, who died in 1884; and second, on January 2,
1886, to her sister, Mary Jane Sease. Of the three children by
the first marriage and six by the second, all except one are living
Always fond of outdoor life, Mr. Summer finds his principal
relaxation in hunting and fishing. In politics he is a Democrat.
His religious affiliation is with the Lutheran church, of which he
is a prominent member. He believes in the practical virtues of
industry and economy and in doing with one's might the task
which falls to his lot. Temperance and fidelity to principle and
to duty have been essential elements in his own life and are
heartily commended to others. And as an important aid to
substantial success he notes the habit of saving, which many
successful men have found to be one of the first requisites to
His address is Newberry, South Carolina.
GEORGE WALTER SUMMER
SUMMER, GEORGE WALTER, the son of George W.
Summer and Martha D. Summer, was born at Lexington,
Lexington county, South Carolina, July 15, 1861. As
noted in the biography of his older brother, Charles E. Summer,
his father was a farmer, who served in the Confederate army in
the War between the States and died in a hospital in Virginia
when George was but one year old. The family ancestors emi-
grated to America from Germany about 1775, on the eve of the
Young Summer enjoyed robust physical health as a child;
he lived in the country and early developed an interest in labor-
ing and saving for the future. To this habit much of his later
success is no doubt due.
The influence of his mother was particularly strong on the
development of his intellectual, moral and spiritual life. His
early educational advantages were meager, being limited to those
afforded by the country schools; the opportunities of college
training were also denied him. At the age of twenty-three he
determined to enter upon a mercantile career; and in November,
1884, he began, on his own responsibility, the serious work of life
as a merchant at Newberry city.
Mr. Summer has since been active in the business circles of
his community, and has held the following offices: President of
the Mollohon Manufacturing company; president of the New-
berry Warehouse company; director in the Commercial Bank of
Newberry ; director in the Southern Trust company, in Spartan-
burg; director in the Security Loan and Investment company,
Newberry ; trustee of the Newberry graded school. In the latter
position he served about five years. Mr. Summer is also a master
Mason, and belongs to the Newberry lodge of the Knights of
Mr. Summer has through life been a member of the party
of Jefferson and Jackson; in religion he is a Lutheran. His
favorite relaxation is the companionship of his family after the
close of the labors of the day. The degree of his success has been
to him a source of gratification and surprise. His advice to
GEORGE WALTER SUMMER 385
young men is to resolve to be something and to do something;
and do it. Determination, perseverance and persistency are, in
his judgment, cardinal virtues, and he believes that "in the bright
lexicon of youth" there should be no such word as "fail."
On October 13, 1881, he was married to Miss Polly L. Long.
Of their ten children, seven are now (1907) living. His mother,
and his two brothers, C. E. and J. H. Summer, are living.
His address is Newberry, South Carolina.
ANDREW JACKSON SPEARS THOMAS
THOMAS, ANDREW JACKSON SPEARS, D. D., was
born near Bennettsville, South Carolina, December 14,
1852. He is the son of Rev. J. A. W. Thomas and Mar-
garet (Spears) Thomas. His father was a prominent and useful
minister of the Gospel widely known and abundantly loved and
honored not only in the Palmetto State but throughout the South.
He was a gallant soldier in the Confederate army, serving as
captain of Company F in the Twenty-first South Carolina regi-
ment of volunteers. He was a man of notable physical vigor,
mental strength and clearness, devoted to duty, public-spirited,
and patriotic. His active ministry continued for nearly fifty
years in the county in which he was born and reared. The
earliest known American ancestor of this Thomas family was
Tristram Thomas, who was born in Wales about 1674.
The early life of the subject of this sketch was spent on his
father's farm in Marlboro county, South Carolina. Here he
engaged in such tasks and recreations as a wholesome boy would
naturally be expected to enjoy. Ploughing, hoeing, driving the
wagon, chopping wood, and like homely duties, aided in the
development of his physical powers.
At an early age he attended the local schools at Bennettsville,
and later took a college course at Furman university. Having
decided to give his life to the work of preaching, he took a full
course in the Southern Baptist Theological seminary, graduating
therefrom in 1879.
Doctor Thomas began his active work as a minister in Bates-
burg, South Carolina, January 1, 1880. Since then he has held
the following pastorates in the state and for the periods men-
tioned: Batesburg, 1880-1883; First Baptist church, Charleston,
1883-July, 1887; Orangeburg, July, 1887-May, 1891. In May,
1891, he became part owner and editor of the "Baptist Courier,"
the organ of the Baptists of the state, and in this responsible
post he still (1907) serves.
Doctor Thomas has held during his long and active life only
one public office, that of supervisor of the census in 1900 for the
ANDREW JACKSON SPEARS THOMAS 387
counties of Oconee, Greenville, Pickens, Spartanburg, Cherokee,
As a minister, Doctor Thomas was acceptable and effective
in all the fields he occupied, but his main work has been done
during his editorial career, which has already extended over quite
Under his guidance the "Baptist Courier" has been a strong,
clean, fearless paper. Loyal to the doctrines and practices of the
denomination for which it stands, it has at the same time been
free from all rancor and bitterness toward those of different
communions. In the many controversies through which it has
passed it has preserved an unbroken and dignified freedom from
offensive personalities. Published in one of the most intensely
Southern of the states of the South, it has been in line with all
that was best in the olden life and traditions of its people, but it
has never encouraged, either by its publications or by its silence
on public issues, the spirit of sectional hate. Its spirit has been
both conservative and progressive. The marked ability with
which the paper has been edited, the force of its editorials, and
the skill with which its news has been gathered and served to
the public, have given it standing and influence far beyond the
confines of the state in which it is published. Behind the paper
is always, whether it is named prominently or not, the person-
ality of the editor. There is no such thing as impersonal jour-
nalism. An impersonal journal is a mere bulletin. From what
has been said of his paper a fair estimate of Doctor Thomas may
be obtained as a man of robust convictions, fearless temper,
kindly heart, a strong sense of personal dignity, wide and gener-
ous sympathies. As a writer he is simple, lucid, direct, plain
almost to a fault. He cares little for the graces of writing, has
few fancies, but usually knows just what he wishes to say and
says it without parleying and without circumlocution.
In private life Doctor Thomas is companionable and has a
host of devoted friends who are ready to defend him from attack
or support him in his honorable ambitions. These ambitions,
however, do not include any rewards for himself. He is best
content when he is serving others.
He reckons as the most influential force in shaping his life
the lovely Christian home in which he was reared and in which
the example and spirit of a singularly noble mother, rich in
388 ANDREW JACKSON SPEARS THOMAS
intellectual, moral and spiritual gifts, combined with the ripe
wisdom and seasoned grace of his father to impress indelibly his
Next to this was his life at school, which brought him into
close contact with some rare and admirable men, who have helped
to mold thousands of young men in the South, and, indeed,
throughout the land. He himself acknowledges a large debt also
to the men with whom he has come into association in his active
Doctor Thomas was married August 21, 1877, to Miss Isabelle
Roempke, daughter of Alfred and Jessie Robertson, of Charles-
ton, South Carolina. Five children have been born to them, three
of whom are now (1907) living.
Doctor Thomas' address is Greenville, South Carolina.
H.DKN FOUND ATIOWi
WASHINGTON HODGES TIMMERMAN
TIMMERMAN, WASHINGTON HODGES, M. D.,
physician, farmer, banker, and legislator, was born in
Edgefield district (now county), South Carolina, May
29, 1832. His parents were Ransom and Lydia (Bledsoe) Tim-
merman. His father was a successful farmer, a man of sober,
industrious and frugal habits, who, though his own education was
limited, gave his children, eight in number, such advantages as
could be obtained in the local schools. He also trained his sons
to perform the various forms of labor incident to farm life. To
the habits of industry thus formed in early life Doctor Timmer-
man justly attributes much of the success which has attended his
career. His mother was a woman of great worth, whose influence
on the moral and spiritual life of her son has been felt throughout
his long and useful life. The earliest known paternal ancestor
of the family in this country was Jacob Timmerman, who came
from Germany and settled in Newberry county, South Carolina,
soon after the Revolutionary war.
As a boy, the subject of this sketch, though not strong,
enjoyed good health. He was of a rather serious turn of mind,
with a fondness for books and a thirst for knowledge, which the
lack of a well-stocked library gave him but limited means of
gratifying. However, he always took a high stand in his classes
at the "old field" schools which he attended, and was marked for
his quiet, studious habits. He completed his academic studies at
Hodge's institute, Greenwood, Abbeville district, South Carolina,
leaving that institution in 1851, after being prepared to enter the
sophomore class at South Carolina college. The following year,
in accordance with his own preference and his father's wishes, he
began the study of medicine under the preceptorship of the late
Dr. John G. Williams, in the meanwhile teaching a country school
in Edgefield district for about eight months. In the spring of
1854 he was graduated at the Medical College of the State of
South Carolina, Charleston, and in November of the same year
he began the practice of his chosen profession in what is known
as the Philippi section of Edgefield county. Here he pursued
his vocation with gratifying success until 1873, with the exception
392 WASHINGTON HODGES TIMMERMAN
of an interim, during which he was engaged, with most of his
fellow-citizens of the South, in fighting the battles of the Con-
federacy in the War between the States. As a soldier he served
with conspicuous courage and gallantry, and won the rank of a
commissioned officer of the line, becoming first lieutenant and
afterwards captain in Company K, Nineteenth South Carolina
regiment. In July, 1862, he was compelled to give up military
service on account of ill health, but entered military service again
in 1864 as captain of Company B, Second regiment of state
Along with the practice of medicine, Doctor Timmerman con-
ducted successful farming operations, and in 1884 he gave up the
professional practice of medicine altogether. In 1882, through
the solicitation of his friends and neighbors, Doctor Timmerman
allowed himself to be voted for as a member of the South Caro-
lina house of representatives and was elected by a highly com-
plimentary vote. He served for two years, and in 1890 he was
again elected to the same office without being a candidate, the
only incident of such a character in the history of Edgefield
county. In 1891, the state senator from that county having died,
Doctor Timmerman resigned as a member of the house of repre-
sentatives and became a successful candidate for the unexpired
term in the senate. He was reflected for a full term as senator
in 1892, and at the reorganization of the senate in that year he
was made president pro tempore. Lieutenant-Governor Eugene
B. Gary, having been elevated to an associate justiceship of the
supreme court, resigned his position as lieutenant-governor at the
close of the legislative session of 1893, and Doctor Timmerman
succeeded to the vacancy. He was elected lieutenant-governor
in 1894, and served in that capacity for two years. In 1895 he
was a member of the constitutional convention, and in 1896 and
again in 1898 he was elected state treasurer without opposition,
serving as such for four years. In 1902 he was an unsuccessful
candidate for governor.
As a financier, Doctor Timmerman has been called upon, not
only to act in the public capacity of state treasurer, but as a
private citizen he has been the chief executive officer of several
banks. He has been identified with the Farmers bank, of Edge-
field, ever since its organization, and was its first president, a
position in which he served without salary. He was for several
WASHINGTON HODGES TIMMERMAN 393
years connected with the Farmers and Mechanics bank, of Colum-
bia, and when what is now known as the State bank of Columbia
was organized he was made its president. He resigned that
position in 1900, when he accepted the presidency of the First
National bank, of Batesburg, which he held until 1905, when he
assisted in organizing the Citizens bank, of Batesburg, of which
he is now president. In party affiliation Doctor Timmerman has
always been a Democrat. By denominational preference he is a
Baptist, and has been prominent in the councils of that church,
having acted as treasurer and moderator of the Edgefield Baptist
Doctor Timmerman was married, first, in 1856, to Pauline
F. T. Asbill, who died in 1873; and second, in May, 1879, to
Henrietta Bell. Six children by the first marriage, and two by
the second, were living in 1907. Of these, two are physicians and
one is a lawyer who is now solicitor of the fifth judicial district
of South Carolina. The wife and all the children are members
of the Baptist church.
In all the relations of life, public and private, Doctor Tim-
merman has been guided by a high sense of duty and honor. He
has always been mindful of the rights of others, and by his kindly
interest, faithful service and fine example he has commanded the
respect and won the esteem of a large circle of acquaintances and
friends. His prominence in the affairs of his state has not been
due to self-seeking, or to a desire for position or notoriety, but
has resulted from the recognition of his merit as a man and a
citizen by those with whom he has long associated and among
whom he has lived.
ARTHUR SMYLY TOMPKINS
TOMPKINS, ARTHUR SMYLY, farmer and lawyer, of
Edgefield, South Carolina, was born at Meeting Street
postoffice, Edgefield county, South Carolina, March 31,
1854. His father, DeWitt Clinton Tompkins, was a physician
who served as magistrate in his county, and in the War between
the States was captain of Company K, Fourteenth South Caro-
lina regiment, a man who is remembered for his amiability and
his conversational powers. His mother, Mrs. Hannah Virginia
(Smyly) Tompkins, was a woman of exceptionally strong mind,
of good business ability, and a strong Christian character, whose
influence over her son has continued strong throughout his life.
Her earliest known American ancestor was Colonel James Smyly,
born in Ireland, who came to South Carolina about 1785. His
father is descended from Captain Stephen Tompkins, who raised
and commanded a company of cavalry in the Revolutionary war.
His boyhood was passed in the country. Until thirteen he was
robust and vigorous; but after that age his health was delicate.
Even in early boyhood he was required to do some regular work
on the farm. He says: "It hardened my muscles and gave me
a tough constitution." While still a boy he became passionately
fond of three books: the Bible, Shakespeare, and Virgil. He
attended the country schools of Edgefield, and entering the South
Carolina university at Columbia, he was graduated in 1872.
His father had made easy for him the way to a liberal edu-
cation, providing him with ample funds. After completing the
undergraduate course at the University of South Carolina, he
took a two-years' course in law at the law school of Columbia
university, at Washington, District of Columbia. He then read
law for a year in the office of Frank H. Miller, Esq., at Augusta,
Georgia, where he was admitted to the bar, June 15, 1875. He
opened a law ofiice the same summer in Augusta, Georgia, where
he resided until 1876. In 1879 he settled in Edgefield, Edgefield
county, where he has since divided his time and attention between
the practice of law and farming. Of the occupations and expe-
rience of a South Carolina lawyer in the rural districts, Mr.
Tompkins gives his impressions in these words: "A lawyer in a
ARTHUR SMYLY TOMPKIN8 395
country town is a sort of waste-basket for all the petty ills and
quarrels of the country around him, and must be a man of all
sorts of capacities, who will not mind interruption ; he must often
undertake the hard task of trying to explain to his client how he
lost his case. But a country lawyer has a heap of leisure and a
lot of fun."
Mr. Tompkins was married, June 15, 1880, to Lizzie D. Hoi-
stein, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Moses N. Holstein, of Ridge
Spring, both of whom are still living in the house into which
they moved when they were married fifty-four years ago. They
have had several children, but during all this long period the
family circle has not been broken by death. The father of Mrs.
Holstein was Allen Dozier, a wealthy planter who was noted for
his piety and whose home was near Big Creek, in what is now
Saluda county. They have had nine children, of whom eight
are living in 1907. Mr. Tompkins has contented himself with
attempting to discharge the duties of a private citizen, and he
has never held or aspired to hold any official position. In college
he was a member of the Chi Psi fraternity. He is a Knight of
Pythias and a Knight of Honor. In his church relations he is
affiliated with the Baptists. He finds his favorite exercise in
walking, swimming and hunting.
He has all his life been very strongly impressed with the
conviction that children should pass their lives until they are
nearly twenty in the healthful surroundings of the country ; and
during their years of schooling should be taught gardening, farm
work, and other useful out-of-door occupations. He holds it
"self-evident that the city is no place for a boy." He advocates
systematized efforts, on the part of parents who live in cities, to
organize schools for their little ones in country places, and even
at the cost of separating children from their parents, he advises
the training of all city children in country schools.
CHARLES PINGKNEY TOWNSEND
TOWNSEND, CHARLES PINCKNEY, lawyer, legislator,
jurist, was born in Bennettsville, Marlboro county, South
Carolina, July 1, 1835, son of Mekin and Rachel J.
(Pearson) Townsend. He is descended from a long line of
American ancestors of English and Welsh blood on the paternal
and maternal sides of his family, respectively. His paternal
grandfather was Jabesh N. Townsend, who married Elizabeth
Spears. His maternal grandfather, Lamb Pearson, married Miss
Mary David. Moses Pearson, his great-grandfather, was an
officer in the War of the Revolution, and subsequently served as
Mekin Townsend, father of Charles P. Townsend, was a
prosperous merchant, characterized by good judgment, great
energy and commendable foresight. He was the owner of the
Marlboro factory, located near Bennettsville, the first cotton fac-
tory of consequence in the state of South Carolina, which unfor-
tunately was burned about the time of his death and never rebuilt.
It was operated by water power, and its output attained large
proportions. In the year 1838 he was elected sheriff of Marlboro
county, and died in December, 1852, at the early age of forty-five
Charles P. Townsend inherited a robust constitution and was
reared amid exceptionally wholesome surroundings. His mother
wielded a strong influence on his moral and spiritual nature, and
his father early inculcated habits of industry. Up to the age of
sixteen his time was divided between going to school and clerking
in his father's store. While still a clerk in his father's employ,,
his desire for a more complete education was stirred by a Fourth
of July address delivered by a graduate of South Carolina college
in his native town, and he determined, if possible, to secure it.
His father being at the time in far from affluent circumstances,
approved his wish, but was unable to help him. He succeeded,
however, in negotiating a loan from Colonel W. T. Ellerbe, an
opulent and public-spirited citizen, to further his ends, which he
paid back by teaching school. With the money thus secured he
entered Bennettsville Male academy, and subsequently South
CHARLES PINCKNEY TOWNSEND 397
Carolina college, from which he received the degree of A. M. in
1854. During this period, and, indeed, throughout his entire
career, he read widely in general literature, and the works of
Shakespeare, Plutarch, Rollin, Gibbon, Hume, and, above all, the
Bible, became his companions and inspiration.
Mr. Townsend read law in the office of C. A. Thornwell,
Esquire, of Bennettsville, and was admitted to practice before
the old court of appeals of South Carolina in 1858. In the same
year he opened an office in Bennettsville, and for almost half a
century he has been a prominent representative of the South
Carolina bar and the recipient of many public honors.
Previously, however, in 1856, after his graduation from col-
lege, and while teaching school in Clarendon county, the South
called for volunteers to go to Kansas in an endeavor to create a
slave state out of that commonwealth. In companionship with
Colonel Wilkes, John Buchanan and others, Mr. Townsend joined
in the movement. After the futility of attempting this object
had been demonstrated, he remained at Leavenworth, Kansas,
and was admitted to the bar, but was soon after compelled to
return home on account of sickness.
In 1858, and following, Mr Townsend served three terms as
a member of the general assembly of South Carolina ; from 1865
to 1868 he was commissioner in equity for Marlboro county ; from
1872 to 1878 he was circuit judge for South Carolina; from 1872
to 1877, was assistant attorney-general of the state; and from
1900 to 1904, was assistant United States district attorney for
South Carolina. During the War between the States he served
four years in the Confederate army, and was mustered out of
the service as captain of Company G, Eighth South Carolina
For more than forty years he has been a member of Marlboro
lodge, A. F. M., Number 88. Politically he is a stanch Democrat
and has taken an active and influential part in state politics. In
religion he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.
Mr. Townsend's career is illustrative of the steady rise of a
young man from comparative obscurity to a place of honor and
distinction in the state. His ambition in early life was to become
a good and successful lawyer, and the numerous recognitions that
have come to him at the hands of the people attest in an emphatic
way his ability and capabilities. In many respects he is a good
Vol. II. S. C. 18.
398 CHARLES PINCKNEY TOWNSEND
living example of his own philosophy that "unflinching honesty,
incessant work and study, sound ideals, and unvarying fidelity to
moral and exemplary habits," will, if persevered in, lead to a
higher order of success in life.
He has been twice married: First, on October 1, 1860, to
Amanda McConnel, daughter of Andrew and Mary McConnel,
of Columbia, South Carolina; second, on October 16, 1887, to
Nannie Henley, daughter of Stephen Henley and Eleanor Henley,
of Chatham county, North Carolina. By his first marriage he had
eight children ; by his second marriage three children, Charles P.,
William B., and Eleanor.
His address is Bennettsville, South Carolina.
WILLIAM HAY TOWNSEND
TOWNSEND, WILLIAM HAY, lawyer, was born January
9, 1868, in Barnwell, Barnwell county, South Carolina.
His father, William Hutson Townsend, lawyer and insur-
ance agent, who died at the early age of thirty-one, was a man
of fine business capacity; his mother, Harriet Ford (Hay) Town-
send, a woman of high intellectual attainments, was naturally
everything in his life, she molded his character, nourished his
budding intellect, and encouraged and spurred his ambition. His
blood is English, Scotch and Irish ; one of his double great-grand-
fathers, Reverend William Hutson, was pastor of the Circular
church, in Charleston, South Carolina, prior to the War of the
Revolution; another, Colonel Ami Hawks Hay, of Westchester
county, New York, was commander of the Fourth regiment West-
Chester militia in the War of the Revolution, and his grandfather,
Colonel Frederick Hay, removed from New York to Barnwell
county, South Carolina, soon after the Revolution. Other ances-
tors, from England, Scotland and Ireland, were in New York,
Virginia and South Carolina prior to the Revolution.
His early life was passed in the village of Barnwell and the
town of Aiken. As a boy he was studious, and especially fond
of history. He received his academic education in the local
schools and by private tutors. At the age of eighteen, lacking
the means to go to college, he began to read law in the office of
Hon. James Aldrich, a lawyer of high standing, and studied so
faithfully that, in 1889, when he was admitted to the bar, not
long after his twenty-first birthday, he was better qualified to
practice than many men with diplomas from colleges and law
schools. His whole heart was in his work, and, with confidence
in his ability to do so, he determined to win success in the profes-
sion he had chosen, solely because it was his personal preference.
Immediately following his admission to the bar he formed a
copartnership with Colonel William Elliott and began the prac-
tice of law in Beaufort, South Carolina, remaining there and
steadily growing in repute as a lawyer, until 1894, when he
removed to Barnwell. He was solicitor of the second judicial
circuit, 1898-1900; and code commissioner of South Carolina,
400 WILLIAM HAT TOWNSEND
1900-1903, during which period he compiled and edited the "Code
of Laws of South Carolina," published 1902. Since 1903, when
he accepted the position of assistant attorney-general of South
Carolina, which was tendered him solely on his professional merit,
he has resided in Columbia and has continued to gain in profes-
His career is a striking illustration of what a young man
with sufficient pluck and industry and fixedness of purpose can
do for himself. He is a member of the Presbyterian church.
In 1895 he was elected elder of the Barnwell church. In politics
he is, and has always been, a Democrat.
His address is 915 Barnwell street, Columbia, South Carolina.
MILTON PYLES TRIBBLE
T KIBBLE, MILTON PYLES, farmer and legislator, was
born in Laurens county, South Carolina, August 27, 1840.
His parents were John Allen and Susan Elizabeth (Pyles)
Tribble. His father was a farmer, an energetic and industrious
man, of stern appearance, but indulgent to his children. The first
paternal ancestor to settle in this country was Ezekiel Tribble,
of Scotch-Irish blood, who came from Ireland, located in Vir-
ginia, and about 1790 removed to South Carolina. The mother
of the subject of this sketch was descended from Doctor Abner
Pyles, of French Huguenot extraction.
In childhood and youth Milton Tribble lived in the country.
He was healthy and strong and was fond of outdoor life and
work. One of his special tastes was the care of domestic animals.
He attended the "old field" schools for a while, but was not able
to enter any higher institution of learning. At a comparatively
early age he had to take his place as a regular farm hand. This
work gave him physical vigor, and he improved his mind by
observation of natural phenomena and by reading after the work
of the day was done. He was especially interested in historical
literature, and the information obtained therefrom, with the
mental discipline which came with its acquirement, proved of
great benefit to him in later years. In April, 1861, in response to
the first call for volunteers in the War between the States, he
enlisted in an infantry regiment. In the following year he was
transferred to a cavalry regiment and served as a scout until the
surrender at Appomattox. Soon after the close of the war he
removed to Anderson county and commenced the active work of
life as a farmer. This business he carried on without interruption
until 1876, when the peaceful revolution, known as the "Hampton
Movement," for the purpose of redeeming the state from carpet-
bag and negro rule, was started. Mr. Tribble was so popular in
the community in which he lived that he was elected colonel of a
"red-shirt" regiment, a volunteer organization that extended over
the state and contributed greatly to the success of the movement.
His course in this matter was so efficient as to greatly increase his
popularity, and in 1880 he was elected treasurer of the county.
402 MILTON PYLES TRIBBLE
At the end of his term of two years he was reflected and served
until 1884, in which year he was elected clerk of the court of
common pleas and general sessions for Anderson county. This
office he held for two terms until 1892. Two years later he was
appointed postmaster of the city of Anderson and served until
1898. In 1902 he became a member of the state legislature, and
was reflected in 1904. The editor of a prominent newspaper in
the state, writing of "two stalwart members" of the legislature
whom he describes as "a little gray with years creeping on, who
belong to that fast disappearing generation that may never be
equalled for noble virtues, perhaps, and who bring to mind the
proudest days of South Carolina," said : "One of these is a Lau-
rens man, native to the manner born, and though he represents
Anderson now, Laurens has a right to be proud of him and is
proud of him. His name is M. P. Tribble 'Mit' Tribble, his old
friends call him. He was a soldier of gallantry, he was a Demo-
crat when it cost most to be a Democrat, and he is and always
has been a man every inch of him."
Of the various influences which have helped him greatly in
preparing for and carrying on the work of life, he names as most
important the example and teaching of his mother and contact
with men in active life. The occupation of his early manhood
was determined by circumstances beyond his control. The first
strong impulse to strive for the prizes of life came to him during
the war, when he felt a desire to be "something more than a
drone." After the close of the war this impulse was strengthened
by the awakening of an ambition to win regard as an honorable
man. He has never taken a course of physical culture, and from
his observation that "boys who went to school and took life easy
stood service in the army better than those who had to work
regularly," he infers that such courses are unnecessary. In reply
to a request that if any partial failure had been made he would,,
for the benefit of his readers, state the cause of the same, he says
that he had "too much confidence and trust in other people by
which I lost all the accumulations of my labor in life." And in
response to a request for suggestions which may help young
people to attain true success in life, he says: "Guard against
associations with such as will give you no credit and from whom
you can secure no benefit."
MILTON PTLES TRIBBLE 403
On October 28, 1868, Mr. Tribble was married to Mary Eliza-
beth Young. Of their six children, three are living in 1907.
Mr. Tribble is a prominent member of the Baptist church,
but is friendly toward other denominations, and is interested in
every good work. He has served his country faithfully in war
and peace and has richly deserved the honors which have been
awarded him. In his quiet home he enjoys the society of his
family and friends, and he has the esteem of a large number of
acquaintances throughout the state.
He resides at 321 Fant street, Anderson, South Carolina.
JOHN DAVID VERNER
VERNER, JOHN DAVID, was born July 12, 1844, at
Retreat, Oconee county, South Carolina. He was the
son of Samuel Johnson and Malinda Crawford Verner.
His father was a farmer, and for a time served on the board of
county commissioners. Samuel Johnson Verner was a man of
strong will-power, yet at the same time marked by liberality.
He was a great church worker, industrious, economical, and a
man of unusual strength of character.
His earliest known ancestor in America was John Verner,
Sr., of Pennsylvania, who in the middle of the eighteenth century
moved to Abbeville county, South Carolina. John Verner, Jr.,
was a soldier in the Revolutionary army, and, for the remarkably
long period extending from 1787 to 1853, was a magistrate.
John David Verner was strong and vigorous in youth; he
was interested in stock raising, agriculture, and farm work in
general. His early life was passed in the country and on a farm
near Retreat, South Carolina. His life made it possible for him
to receive effective instruction in business and training in the
habits of industry and economy. The strongest of the influences
affecting his early life was that of his mother, which, in things
both of mind and heart, was potent. His education was inter-
rupted when he was but seventeen years of age by his call to the
army. Afterward he found it possible to attend Retreat academy.
The end of the war, however, left him in such circumstances that
it was necessary for him to put forth every effort to provide
means to educate and support five brothers and sisters, and to
support his mother. He first began work on the farm. His incli-
nations, however, drew him toward merchandising, upon which
he first entered in Walhalla, South Carolina, in 1871. Afterward
he became connected with the banking business at the same place.
In addition, he has been intendant, warden, and mayor of the
town of Walhalla for a number of years ; president of the board
of trustees of Adger college, Walhalla, South Carolina, for the
five years from 1895 to 1900; president of the Walhalla Cotton
mill, and, for a time, president of the Bank of Walhalla.
JOHN DAVID VERNER 407
He is a member of the Knights of Honor, Walhalla lodge,
in which order he has held the rank of dictator. He is a member
of the Knights of Pythias, and of the Ancient Order of United
Workmen. He has also been a representative in the grand lodge
of the Knights of Honor.
Politically, he has through life been a Democrat. Relief
from the confinement of his urban life he finds in looking after
On January 2, 1872, he married Mary J. Lovinggood. Of
this marriage seven children have been born, six of whom three
sons and three daughters are now (1907) living.
His address is Walhalla, Oconee county, South Carolina.
JOSEPH GEORGE WARDLAW
WARD LAW, JOSEPH GEORGE, financier, and
manufacturer, was born April 4, 1859, in Abbeville,
Abbeville county, South Carolina. His father, Joseph
James Wardlaw, M. D., physician and surgeon, member of the
state legislature, 1858-59, and of various state conventions, was
noted for courtesy, intelligence and integrity; his mother, Mary
Ann (Witherspoon) Wardlaw, a refined and highly cultured
woman, was, jointly with his father, the most potent influence on
all sides of his life.
His blood is Scotch, and his ancestry carries many distin-
guished names, among them, on the paternal side, Sir Henry
Wardlaw, archbishop of St. Andrew's and founder of the Uni-
versity of St. Andrew's, Scotland, and Reverend Ralph Wardlaw,
D. D., a famous Scotch preacher; on the maternal side it can be
traced back to King Robert, "The Bruce," and one of the family
married a granddaughter of John Knox, the famous reformer
and Presbyterian; the maternal great-grandfather, James With-
erspoon, was a captain in the Revolutionary war. The founder
of the American family, on the paternal side, Robert Wardlaw,
born about 1675 in Scotland, came to America about 1725. His
son William settled in Virginia, near Alexandria, and his son
Hugh moved to Abbeville county, South Carolina, was captain in
the War of the Revolution, judge of the county court of Abbe-
ville, 1797-1800, and died in 1802. His son James (grandfather
of the subject of this sketch) was for forty years clerk of the
county court of Abbeville, and he and his son held one ecclesi-
astical office for ninety-five years. On the maternal side, the
American founder, John Witherspoon, born in 1670 in Scotland,
moved to County Down, Ireland, 1695, came to South Carolina,
1734, and settled in Kingstree, Williamsburg county, where he died
in 1737. His double great-grandfather, Major Robert Crawford,
of the Waxhaws, Lancaster county, South Carolina, equipped a
company for service in the War of the Revolution at his own
expense, commanded a brigade in the battle of Hanging Rock, and
was especially commended by General Marion for gallantry and
faithfulness ; his grandfather, Colonel James H. Witherspoon, of
Aua Sla'-V fO\x
JOSEPH GEORGE WARDLAW 411
Lancaster county, was lieutenant-governor of South Carolina,
1826, and in 1842, at the time of his death, candidate for congress
and his election almost assured.
Joseph G. Wardlaw spent his early life in the village in
which he was born. He was robust, loved all kinds of athletic
sports, and had a strong taste for biography and history. He
had no home tasks involving manual labor, and regretted it later
in life, when experience had caused him to believe that every boy
should have them as a part of his training. He was educated
in the excellent private schools in Abbeville, and in the King's
Mountain Military school, Yorkville, South Carolina, where he
completed the junior course in 1879. The death of his father and
loss of means somewhat disarranged his educational plans. He
read a course of medicine; also some law, but abandoned the idea
of practicing either, and, partly from personal preference and
partly from force of circumstances, entered upon a business
career. He was bookkeeper for Hunter & Gates, Yorkville, July,
1879, to October, 1883; head accountant and paymaster of the
Clifton Manufacturing company, Clifton, South Carolina, Octo-
ber, 1883, to December, 1894; secretary of the Gaffney Manu-
facturing company, Gaffney, January, 1895, to September, 1904,
and of the Orient Manufacturing company, Charlotte, North
Carolina, January, 1900, to September, 1904, and was vice-presi-
dent of the Cowpens Manufacturing company and of the Gaffney
Building and Loan association for several years. Since 1897 he
has been vice-president of the Gaffney National bank; from
December, 1904, to October, 1905, president of the Orient Manu-
facturing company, Charlotte, North Carolina, and since April,
1905, president of the York Cotton mills, Yorkville, South Caro-
He modestly declares that he has "failed to accomplish
much," but the dates in the record of his career show that there
has been steady progress and accomplishment; there have been
no spectacular bounds up the ladder of success, such as men are
sometimes enabled to make by a combination of fortuitous circum-
stances. From the bookkeeper's desk to the leading position he
now holds in the highest financial and manufacturing circles of
his own and the adjoining state he has gone step by step, and
owes his rise to hard work and intelligent comprehension of all
duties entrusted to him in other words, to personal merit. He
412 JOSEPH GEORGE WARDLAW
has only applied the principles of true success which he once
suggested for the benefit of young men, "hard work, persistence,
and reliability," and he has been duly rewarded.
The taste for military affairs he acquired in school has always
been retained. He has served in the state militia for about
twenty-five years, filling every position from corporal to colonel,
and still finds his most enjoyable recreation in military exercises.
He commanded a regiment during the riots in Darlington in 1894,
and was highly commended for the speedy manner in which he
brought order out of the ugly situation that confronted him when
he arrived with the troops.
From 1888 to 1895, in addition to his private business duties,
he was trial justice in Clifton; chairman of the board of school
trustees, and for two years, 1890-92, chairman of a Democratic
political club. Since 1900 he has been an elder in the Presby-
terian church, and in 1902 was a commissioner to the general
assembly. He was president of the Gaffney Library association,
is a member of the Knights of Pythias, and has been chancellor
commander and member of the grand lodge, and is a member and
has been commandant of a camp of United Sons of Confederate
He thinks the strong influences in his life have been, in the
order named, home, early companionship and environment, and
contact with noted good and prominent men and relatives in
Abbeville; that natural aspiration and pride gave him his first
strong impulse to strive for success, and that the books most
helpful in fitting him for his career were histories and those per-
taining to manufacturing, though his medical and legal reading
was of service in broadening his mind and his outlook.
On May 23, 1893, he married Sallie F. Carroll, of Aiken,
South Carolina; and on December 20, 1900, Emmie D. Sams,
daughter of Professor E. O. Sams, of Gaffney, South Carolina,
who died in 1906. Of their two children, one, Joseph George,
Jr., is now (1907) living.
The address of Mr. Wardlaw is Yorkville, York county.
HENRY HITT WATKINS
W ATKINS, HENRY HITT, lawyer, was born in
Waterloo township, Laurens county, South Carolina,
June 24, 1866. His parents were Henry H. and Han-
nah Elizabeth (Culbertson) Watkins. His father was a farmer
who was noted for his liberality, hospitality, his enjoyment of
argumentative discussions, and his pride in and self-sacrifice for
his children. He was a man of powerful physique and great
strength of character. He never held or sought a public office,
but served as captain of a militia company before the war and
was a lieutenant in the Confederate States army during the con-
flict between the states. The earliest known paternal ancestor of
the family in this country came from Wales and settled in Vir-
ginia sometime prior to the Revolution. His descendants, with a
company of Scotch-Irish settlers from that region, removed to
Laurens county, South Carolina. On the maternal side, the first
ancestor in America was Robert Culbertson, who came from
Ireland and settled in Pennsylvania several years before the
Revolution. His son, James Culbertson, removed to Caswell
county, North Carolina, and thence to Laurens county, South
Carolina, where he remained until his death. Neither these
immigrants nor the majority of their descendants were specially
prominent in public affairs, but they were well represented in the
Revolution and in the War between the States.
In childhood and youth Henry Watkins lived in the country.
His health was fairly good. While he was fond of athletic sports
and of youthful companionship, he was also deeply interested in
reading and study. He did his share of the farm "chores," but
was neither required nor allowed to perform any work that would
interfere with his studies. From 1873 to 1879 he attended the
"old field" school at Centerville, Laurens countv, South Carolina.
In October of the year last named he entered Furman university,
from which institution he was graduated with the degree of
A. M. in June, 1883. He was then only seventeen years of age.
His love of books led him to take the four-years' course of study
marked out by the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific circle,
which he completed in due time and from which he derived
414 HENRY HITT WATKINS
considerable benefit. In 1890 he took the summer law course in
the University of Virginia, under Dr. John B. Minor. Long
before he completed his public educational course Mr. Watkins
entered upon the active work of life. At the early age of fifteen
he took the county school teachers' examination and received a
first grade certificate. For two summers prior to his graduation
he was assistant teacher in a country school and afterward taught
for several sessions as principal of such schools. In 1887 he was
elected principal of the preparatory school of Furman university,
which position he held for four sessions. He was admitted to
the bar in May, 1892, and in June of the same year he began
active practice at Anderson, South Carolina, where he had formed
a law partnership with Major E. B. Murray. This partnership
continued until the death of Major Murray, in July, 1894. In
the following month Mr. Watkins formed a partnership with
Gen. M. L. Bonham, under the firm name of Bonham & Watkins,
which has continued until the present time and which is one of
the leading law firms in the state. Mr. Watkins has always
maintained his interest in education and has served as trustee of
several institutions of learning, including Furman university,
1894-98; Greenville Female college, 1893-98; Anderson graded
schools, 1895-98; and he was a trustee of the Connie Maxwell
orphanage, 1897-98. When in 1898 there was a call for troops
to serve in the Spanish- American war, Mr. Watkins promptly
enlisted in a company raised at Anderson, and was elected its
captain. This company formed a part of the First regiment,
South Carolina volunteer infantry. Its services were not required
and it was mustered out in the November following its organiza-
tion. In politics Mr. Watkins has always been a Democrat. He
was chairman of the Anderson county executive committee of his
party from 1902 to 1906, and is now (1907) a member of the
state executive committee. He was presidential elector in 1904,
and from 1903 to 1907 was quartermaster-general on the staff
of Governor Heyward. He is one of the directors and vice-
presidents of the chamber of commerce of Anderson, and is a
member of the board of directors of several business and financial
He is a Mason and a member of the Knights of Pythias.
While friendly to all denominations, his religious connection is
with the Baptist church. On December 27, 1892, he married
HENRY HITT WATKINS 415
Maude Wakefield, of Anderson county, South Carolina, and she
has been the chief source of inspiration in his work. In esti-
mating the relative strength of various means which have been
specially helpful in his effort to win success, he places first that
of home and states that both his father and mother exerted a
powerful influence on his intellectual, moral and spiritual life.
Next, in the order named, he places school, private study, contact
with men in active life, and early companionship. Earnest pur-
pose and diligent application have given him a high position at
the bar. His wisdom and foresight give weight to his political
counsel, while his unblemished character gives him the confidence
and regard of the people among whom he lives.
His address is Anderson, South Carolina.
EBBIE JULIAN WATSON
WATSON, EBBIE JULIAN, commissioner of agricul-
ture, commerce and immigration of the state of South
Carolina, was born at Ridge Spring, Edgefield (now
Saluda) county, South Carolina, June 29, 1869. His parents were
Tilman and Helen O'Neall (Mauldin) Watson. His father was
an architect and builder, a resourceful, energetic, and public-
spirited man, who gave most of his time to his business interests,
but who served a number of terms as alderman of the city of
Columbia, South Carolina. The paternal ancestors were Scotch-
Irish and were among the earliest settlers in America. Several
brothers came to Virginia, but one of them soon removed to
South Carolina. Colonel Michael Watson, a great-grandfather
of the subject of this sketch, distinguished himself and lost his
life in the battle of Orangeburg, in the War of the Revolution.
From early times the family has been identified with the history
of Edgefield county. The maternal ancestry directly descended
from the famous McHardy family, of Scotland and England,
whose record is identified with the history of Great Britain since
1346. Captain McHardy, who commanded the British ship "Vic-
tory," and to whom Lord Nelson issued his oft-quoted dying
message, was a direct ancestor of the grandmother of Ebbie J.
Until he was six years of age the subject of this sketch lived
in the country. His parents then moved to the city of Columbia,
where the remainder of his early days were passed. His health
was good, but in early childhood an accident caused a permanent
lameness, which has been something of a handicap since. His
special tastes were for reading, working with machinery, tilling
the land and taking care of domestic animals. He was constantly
searching for knowledge in various and diverse fields. His early
education was obtained in schools at Columbia, the Columbia
Military academy, and the Barnwell high school. In 1884 he
entered the University of South Carolina and was graduated with
the degree of A. B. in 1889.
He commenced the active work of life in the field of jour-
nalism, in which he made a marked success. Offered the position
EBBIE JULIAN WATSON 419
of city editor of the Columbia, South Carolina, "Evening Record,"
he accepted at once. He remained with this paper until February
18, 1891, when he resigned in order to take a similar position on
the Columbia "State." In January, 1903, he became news editor
of that paper a position which he filled during the Spanish-
In October, 1902, he was, without solicitation, elected secre-
tary of the chamber of commerce of Columbia, which office, with
his newspaper position, he held until March 15, 1904, when he
resigned them both in order to accept an unsolicited appointment
to the office of state commissioner of agriculture, commerce and
immigration, which position he still holds. In January, 1906, he
was offered the secretaryship of the chamber of commerce of
Augusta, Georgia, with about double the salary he was receiving;
but he declined the offer, preferring to work for the interests of
his city and state. From 1899-1903 he served as lieutenant-colonel
on the staff of the governor of South Carolina. For some years
he has been a member of the Columbia city board of health,
rendering efficient service.
For several years there has been a growing demand for more
factory hands and tillers of the soil in the rapidly developing
Southern states, and much attention has been given to the problem
of providing a proper distribution of immigration to prevent a
congestion of the newly arriving immigrants at the great ports
of entry. The South Atlantic states have called for a trans-
Atlantic steamship service providing for direct export and import
trade between the producing South Atlantic states and the mar-
kets of the world. After carefully studying the problems
involved, in all their phases, Commissioner Watson sailed for
Europe in August, 1906, and immediately opened offices on behalf
of the state of South Carolina in several foreign countries, begin-
ning an active campaign to secure passengers enough to bring a
standard-line steamship direct into Charleston harbor, the central
harbor of the South Atlantic coast. He pursued the policy of
carefully examining the prospective immigrants, at their own
homes in Europe, to determine their fitness for the work for
which they were wanted a policy several times hinted at as a
possibility, but which no one had before dared to attempt to put
into execution. In pursuance of this policy, it was necessary to
get the sanction of foreign governments and the aid of the Fed-
Vol. II. S. C. 19.
420 EBBIE JULIAN WATSON
eral consular service. He succeeded in getting the North German
Lloyd Steamship company, of Bremen, interested in the plan;
and on October 16, 1906, he sailed with five hundred immigrants
from the continental countries direct to Charleston harbor on the
steamship Wittekind. He had used the right granted the state
under Federal laws to prepay passages; and when on November
4th he sailed into Charleston harbor the United States Commis-
sioner-General of Immigration Sargent, United States Labor
Commissioner Neill, and many other United States officials, were
on the dock to inspect the immigrants. Thousands of people
were there to welcome them, committees and delegations coming
from other Southern states. The United States authorities pro-
nounced the people one of the best looking bodies of immigrants
ever brought into this country on one ship.
At once the question was raised whether the state had the
right to prepay their passage, although the United States state
department had already so construed the law. A case was made
up, and it went to Secretary Straus, who decided in favor of
the state. His decision was hailed as marking an epoch in the
history of the United States the establishment of a movement
that promised a solution of the problem that was hampering the
South, and help in solving the general problem of congested
immigration at Eastern ports. Certain interests, however, were
not satisfied that the states should have this right, and a contest
was started in congress, which ended, in the closing hours of the
session, in the passage of the "1907 Immigration Act."
In the meantime the country at large was kept continually
astir over the matter, and a national commission was provided
for, and was sent abroad, thoroughly to investigate the immigra-
tion and labor problems, and to recommend to the next congress
such changes as would relieve the situation by a better distribution
of immigrants. There has been no attempt to test the prepaid-
passage issue, under the new act. Immediately after congress
adjourned (having provided, as a result of this agitation, an
appropriation of seventy thousand dollars for the erection of an
immigration station at the port of Charleston, making that port
the port of entry for immigration for the South Atlantic states),
Mr. Watson returned to Europe for the purpose of getting a
permanent trans- Atlantic service inaugurated between European
EBBIE JULIAN WATSON 421
ports and Charleston, and organizing more effective work for
selected immigration to the Southern states.
In his determined efforts to draw desirable immigration to
the South, Commissioner Watson has from the first held it abso-
lute^ necessary that what he calls a "foundation" should be
carefully established by selecting and building up in the Southern
states the necessary nucleus of "satisfied people" immigrants
who have found satisfactory labor and wages and comfortable
homes in the Southern states, who will write to their relatives
and friends in Europe letters which will bring a steady flow of
interested immigrants into the Southern states. The body of
immigrants which he himself carefully selected in Europe and
brought to Charleston upon the "Wittekind," on November 4,
1906, was designed to be the beginning of such a foundation ; and
the same steamship brought into Charleston harbor, in February,
1907, a second load of carefully selected immigrants. Commis-
sioner Watson was the only American on the ship ; and the incep-
tion and carrying out of the plan has been almost exclusively the
result of his intelligent interest and determined energy. Soon
after his return in 1906 he was unanimously elected president of
the Southern States Association of Commissioners of Agriculture,
and, by special invitation, addressed the American Manufacturers
association, in May, 1907, at their annual meeting in Philadelphia,
on the subject of immigration. Notwithstanding the difficulties
which have been met in attempting to adjust congressional legis-
lation to the plan for choosing and managing by a state commis-
sioner direct immigration from Europe to one of the United
States, it now looks as if the work begun in 1906 by Mr. Watson
would result in the opening up of the South Atlantic states to
lines of immigration and of freight and passenger service direct
from European ports. While this tends to relieve congestion in
the great centers of population, it will send desirable immigrants
in considerable numbers to the agricultural districts of the coun-
try, where they are so greatly needed.
In much of his work for the state Mr. Watson has been a
pioneer. He has been instrumental in bringing a large amount
of industrial capital into the state, and in leading a large number
of desirable immigrants to settle within its borders. It was
largely owing to his efforts that the Congaree river was opened
to navigation ; and he has done much to advance the agricultural,
422 EBBIE JULIAN WATSON
industrial and commercial interests of the state. He is vice-
president and member of the executive committee of the Interstate
Sugarcane Growers' association; vice-president of the Southern
Industrial parliament and a member of the department of immi-
gration of the National Civic federation. He is an honorary
member of the historic South Carolina Agricultural society.
His work, from the beginning of his journalistic career, has
brought him into contact with successful men, many of them older
than himself, and he has learned many useful lessons by study-
ing their characteristics. The self-sacrifice and devotion of his
mother in encouraging and aiding him to obtain an education has
been a great help and inspiration in his life. He is author of a
number of monographs, chiefly on agricultural and industrial
topics, as follows: "The Garden Country of America" (1904);
"South Carolina A Primer" (1904) ; "Climatology of South
Carolina" (1904); "Zuid Carolina" (1905); "Sued Carolina"
(1905) ; "Zuid Carolina" (2) (1905) ; "Official Map of South
Carolina" (1904) ; "Isothermic Map of South Carolina" (1904) ;
"Precipitation Map of South Carolina" (1906) ; "South Carolina,
U. S. A.," (1906); "The Granite Industry of South Carolina"
(1906) ; "South Carolina, U. S. A." (published in Scotland 1906) ;
"South Carolina Statistics" (1906) ; "Kesources of South Caro-
lina" (1906) ; and "Handbook of the Resources of South Caro-
Mr. "Watson has never sought a position, but preferment has
come to him as a recognition of his ability and his character.
To the young people of his state he says: "I would advise all
young Americans to start out in life with the determination to
succeed; to avoid waste of time; to secure an education at any
sacrifice ; to be honest and sincere ; to use their brains to the best
of their ability ; and to make absolute devotion to duty the key-
stone of their life-work, no matter whether the task be great or
In response to an inquiry for his views relating to important
matters of public interest or public policy in the state, he says:
"I believe the South Atlantic states are the coming section of our
common country; and I consider it of vital importance to South
Carolina that her patriotic men labor unceasingly to bring about
that degree of industrial, commercial and agricultural develop-
ment that should be hers by reason of her variety of resources.
EBBIE JULIAN WATSON 423
Energetically presented, the resources of this state should attract
a splendid increase in population and wealth, and South Carolina
should become one of the leading states of the Union. Carefully
selected immigration is a vitally necessary means to this end."
Mr. Watson belongs to the Elks, the Elks club, the Kidge-
wood club, and the National Hoo Hoo organization. He has been
one of the trustees of the Elks. In politics he has always been a
Democrat, and he has served on the Kichland county Democratic
committee. Although he is not an active member of any denomi-
nation, his religious sympathy is with the Protestant Episcopal
On December 17, 1896, Mr. Watson was married to Margaret
Smith Miller. Their home is at Number 1402 Gervais street,
Columbia, South Carolina.
EMORY OLIN WATSON
WATSON, REV. EMORY OLIN, presiding elder of the
Marion district for the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, and for the last fourteen years secretary of the
South Carolina conference of that church, was born at Newberry
county, South Carolina, on the 5th of August, 1865. His father
was the Reverend John Emory Watson, a minister of the Metho-
dist church, a scholarly and sternly conscientious man, who made
upon his son such an impression that the son writes, "my father's
teaching and companionship have been the strongest influence in
my life." His mother, Mrs. Lavinia (Ritchie) Watson, of New-
berry county, was also helpful in her influence over her son.
The years of his boyhood were divided about equally between
life in the country and life in a village or city. He was a strong,
sturdy boy, with a boy's love for horses, but with a fondness, too,
for books and reading, Avhich early inclined him toward a liberal
education and a literary life. Asked whether, when a boy, he had
regular tasks set him which involved manual labor, he answers:
"I always had a fair share of real w r ork to do, and I am as
grateful to my father for this as for any other factor in my
His father was his principal teacher, arranging his family
life with a view to giving systematic and thorough instruction to
his son. Occasionally he attended some school, when his father
could not give to the son's studies the necessary attention. As a
boy he read much biography and history, and in his youth he
had a marked taste for philosophy, which was gratified to the
full in the reading prescribed and the advice given by his father
and in the discussions which were encouraged by his father. In
1883, at the age of eighteen, he began to teach in Leesville college
at Leesville, South Carolina; but his work as teacher, he feels,
was merely incidental, while his work as a minister of the Gospel
was undertaken in response to a sense of duty, and has been his
life work, joyously and heartily done.
In 1885 he entered upon his first pastorate. He has had
charge of various churches of his denomination in South Caro-
lina, among them the church at Orangeburg, the Bethel church
EMORY OLIN WATSON 425
of Charleston, and the Central church of Spartanburg. Since
1906 he has been presiding elder of the Marion district of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
Mr. Watson has been grand chief templar of the Independent
Order of Good Templars. He has also been president of the
State Epworth league of South Carolina. Since 1893 he has
served as secretary of the South Carolina State conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
On the 10th of March, 1886, he married Miss Mattie M. West,
daughter of Captain A. P. and Martha M. West, of Edgefield
county. They have had eight children, all of whom are living
Mr. Watson is a Mason. There is a large circle of South
Carolina men and women in the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, who recall with gratitude and pleasure the relations which
Mr. Watson has maintained with them while he has been pastor
of the churches in which they are communicants. And not only
these members of the Methodist church, but many others in South
Carolina, recognize in this earnest son of a devoted minister of
the Gospel of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, a strong
and useful leader, whose present appointment to official leader-
ship is but the beginning of an enlarged administrative career,
which they trust will be of great use to his church and to the
WILLIAM FRANKLIN WATSON
WATSON, WILLIAM FRANKLIN, son of George
Corey Watson and Isabella Byron Watson, was born
May 11, 1861, in Jackson, Carlton county, New Bruns-
wick, Canada. His paternal grandparents emigrated from Dur-
ham, England; his maternal grandfather from Edinburg, Scot-
land. His maternal grandmother was a Canadian. All of these
lived in the province of New Brunswick, Canada.
In his youth W. F. Watson lived in the country and in a
village. He was interested in poetry and astronomy. The influ-
ence of his mother was very strong and inspiring. He attended
Houlton academy, in Maine, and was graduated in 1887 from
Colby university with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 1892-93
he studied at the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1898 in the
University of Chicago. In the year 1890 Colby university con-
ferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts.
Professor Watson is a life long teacher. For several years
before coming to the South he taught in the grammar and high
schools of Maine. For twenty years he has held the chair of
chemistry and biology in Furman university in Greenville, South
Carolina. In addition, he is now (1907) secretary of the faculty
and curator of the museum of that institution.
Professor Watson is also a popular lecturer on scientific
subjects, in which capacity he has won high encomiums. Among
his subjects are the following: "The Microscope and Camera in
Biology," illustrated with lantern slides and moving pictures of
living specimens; "Freaks and Monsters of the Ancient World,"
with lantern slides of an extinct menagerie; "Genesis and Geol-
ogy," a discourse on the harmony of the Bible and science, for
Sunday appointments; and "Reproduction of Plants and Ani-
mals," an untechnical discussion of nature's mysteries, for Young
Men's Christian association courses.
With the crystalline lens from the eye of a bullock, Professor
Watson photographs objects which are too small for the common
camera and yet too large for ordinary microscopic photography.
His work in this line has been favorably commented upon by the
press, not only of America, but of France and Spain.
WILLIAM FRANKLIN WATSON 427
Professor Watson is a writer as well as a teacher and lecturer.
In 1887 he published "The Children of the Sun," a book of poems,
and in 1901 he published a text book on "Experimental Chem-
istry." He is a contributor for the "Scientific American," "Scien-
tific American Supplement," "Collier's Weekly," "The New York
Tribune," "The Youth's Companion," "The American Inventor,"
"The New York Journal and American," "Science, Arts, et Na-
ture," of Paris, France, "La Illustracion espanola y Americana,"
of Madrid, Spain, and other publications.
At the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian exposition,
held at Charleston in 1901-02, Professor Watson was awarded the
medal for inventing a process for the purification and concentra-
tion of monazite sand.
Professor Watson is a member of the Phi Delta Theta fra-
ternity, the American Microscopical society, the American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Science, and of the National
Geographic society. He is also vice-president of the American
Microscopical society. He is a member of the Baptist church and
also of the local Club of Thirty-nine. Professor Watson varies
his scientific labors with an occasional resort to the hook and line.
On June 24, 1889, he married Miss Clara Norwood, of
Marion, South Carolina. They have two children.
His address is University Ridge, Greenville, South Carolina.
SAMUEL ADAMS WEBER
WEBER, SAMUEL ADAMS, D. D., Methodist clergy-
man, educator and editor, was born January 19, 1838,
on a farm in Iredell county, North Carolina. His
father, John Weber, farmer, justice of the peace and captain of
militia, was a man of good common sense, original and striking
in his language, of cheerful temperament, and disposed to be
helpful to others, especially to aspiring youths; his mother, Ann
Maria (Lander) Weber, a good woman, died when he was only
seven years old. His blood is Dutch-Irish. His great-grand-
father Weber, from Holland, settled in Virginia prior to the War
of the Revolution; his maternal grandfather Lander, from Ire-
land, settled in North Carolina early in the nineteenth century.
Among his connections were Honorable William Lander, of
North Carolina, prominent in law and politics from 1845 to 1865,
and Reverend Samuel Lander, D. D., noted as an educator of
girls in North and South Carolina from 1870 to 1894.
Samuel A. Weber spent his early life mostly in a village;
was rather delicate and fonder of books than of sport; did no
manual labor, but assisted in doing the home chores; when quite
young he felt a distinct call to preach the Gospel, and his per-
sonal inclination led to his combining a literary occupation with
He was educated at Shelby (North Carolina) Male academy,
Olin (North Carolina) high school, and at Wofford college, South
Carolina, from which he was graduated A. B. in 1859, and which
conferred the honorary degree of A. M. upon him in 1862. In
1892, Emory college, Georgia, honored him with the degree of
D. D. The session following his graduation he began to teach
in Cokesbury institute, South Carolina.
In 1862 he entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, and has been, altogether, a pastor for about
twenty-five years. Since 1901 he has been assistant pastor of
Trinity church, Yorkville, York county, South Carolina. From
1866 to 1876 he was a professor in Davenport. North Carolina,
and Williamston, South Carolina, female colleges, and from 1878
to 1886 he was editor of the "Southern Christian Advocate,"
SAMUEL ADAMS WEBER 429
the official journal of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South,
published at that time in Charleston, South Carolina. In his
tri-sided career he has always enjoyed the reputation of being an
earnest, faithful, conscientious and successful worker, though he,
in looking back over his life, has seemed inclined to the opinion
that his success would have been greater had his efforts been more
concentrated. He has modestly said: "I have done too many
things to have done any one thing well"; but those who have
known him and his work best do not accept that view of his
He was delegate to the Ecumenical conference on the cen-
tenary of Methodism, Baltimore, Maryland, 1884, and to the
quadrennial general conferences of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, 1886, 1894 and 1898, and has been a voluminous
contributor to periodicals, religious and secular.
He has always been fond of history, especially as told in
the biographies of the men who helped to make it; thinks the
highest earthly factor in his career was his early married life;
advises the young, as essentials to true success, to strive honestly
to have a Christian conscience, a level head, a modest competency,
to eat temperately and to abstain from tobacco and liquors that
intoxicate. In politics he is and has always been a Democrat.
On November 20, 1861, he married Sarah Alston Langdon;
and on December 27, 1889, Mrs. Camilla Jefferys, widow of
Captain T. S. Jefferys, of Yorkville, South Carolina; three chil-
dren have been born to them, all of whom are now (1907) living.
His address is Yorkville, York county, South Carolina.
LEONARD WALLER WHITE
WHITE, LEONARD WALLER, merchant, was born in
Abbeville, South Carolina, July 7, 1843. His parents
were John and Lucy White. His father was a mer-
chant, a man who was noted for his honesty and fidelity, and who
was held in high esteem by the people among whom he lived.
His mother had fine qualities of mind and heart and she exerted
a strong and an enduring influence upon the moral and intellec-
tual life of her son.
As a boy Leonard White was strong and well. He enjoyed
the sports and pastimes which were favorites with his companions
and he also had a marked fondness for books, to which much of
his spare time was given. Surrounded by the influences of a
good home and fond parents, he spent his childhood and youth in
a normal manner, steadily developing the powers of mind and
body as a genuine American boy should, and he grew into man-
hood in the healthful, quiet way that is always conducive to the
His opportunities for education were such as the times and
the established position of his family afforded. Pie did not have
to struggle for an education; nor was he compelled to provide
the means therefor himself. Up to the beginning of the War
between the States he had as good opportunities for schooling,
and improved them as well, as most boys of his age and social
position. He was prepared for college at the schools in Abbeville,
and more especially by the attention to his education received
from his brother, Professor William Henry White, who was at
that time principal of the Abbeville Male academy. In December,
1860, he entered the sophomore class at South Carolina college,
in Columbia, but about this time the war began, and prevented
the completion of his collegiate course. At the age of seventeen
he became a soldier in the Confederate army, and followed the
fortunes of the "Bonnie Blue Flag" during those four fearful
years of sacrifice and slaughter which saw the South devastated
and well-nigh destroyed. As a soldier he was faithful to every
call of duty, and while he never received a commission, was pro-
moted to the rank of sergeant. He was severely wounded at the
LEONARD WALLER WHITE 433
battle of Gaines Mill, having been shot through the body. When
the war was over he returned to his home with the proud con-
sciousness of having served his state and his country with sincere
patriotism and unselfish devotion.
He had long cherished the ambition to become a lawyer, but
as his college career had been closed by the war, and he had
attained his majority, he felt that he could not afford to give the
time that would be required to qualify him for this profession
and then wait, perhaps for years, for satisfactory returns. Soon
after peace was restored a good business opportunity opened in
Abbeville. This he accepted, and for more than forty years he
has been a merchant in the town in which he was born. His
success in business has often caused his advice to be sought by
others. That he is a wise counsellor where financial matters are
concerned is shown by the fact that for twenty years he has held
the position of vice-president of the Abbeville National bank.
Although he has never held or sought political office, Mr. White
has been deeply interested in public affairs, and has cheerfully
served his community in minor positions without reward. He
has taken especial interest in the cause of education, and in the
capacity of trustee he labored for many years to improve the
school system of his town.
In politics Mr. White has always been a Democrat. He is
a Presbyterian. He is not a member of any secret society, but
finds the center of attraction and the place for recreation in his
own home. He was married, May 9, 1871, to Mary Helen Jones.
Of their nine children, eight were living in 1907.
Mr. White owes much to the influences of home, but to a
great degree his success is due to a strong determination to be
independent and an earnest desire to be useful in every relation
Since the above sketch was prepared for the printer, Mr.
White died at his home in Abbeville on February 13, 1907.
THOMAS HENRY WHITE
WHITE, THOMAS HENRY, junior member of the
banking firm of White Brothers, of Chester, South
Carolina, and a director of the Spratt Building and
Loan association and of the Carolina and North-Western railway,
was born near Bullock's Creek, York county, South Carolina, on
March 29, 1863. His father, Matthew White, was a merchant,
who died (in 1864) while the son was still too young to be greatly
influenced by the father's example. His mother, Mrs. Catherine
(Westbrooks) White, watched over and guided his early boy-
hood; but she, too, died while he was still a boy. His father's
family trace their descent from John White, an emigrant from
Ireland who settled near Chester in 1767.
In his boyhood he says he was "kept too busy to develop any
special tastes or interests." He lived and worked on a farm
thirteen miles west of Yorkville. He learned how to labor, regu-
larly and systematically, while still a boy. His father left barely
property enough to enable the son to get an education. After
studying in the common schools, he completed his preparation
for Erskine college at Due West, South Carolina, from which
institution he was graduated in 1884.
In September of the same year he took a position as book-
keeper for a mercantile establishment at Chester, retaining the
place until 1890, when he became a bookkeeper in the Exchange
bank, of Chester. From 1894 until 1902 he was cashier of the
Exchange bank. Since January, 1902, he has been associated
with his older brother in the banking firm of John G. and T. H.
White, "White Brothers," of Chester, South Carolina.
Mr. White's business experience is such as to make his fellow-
citizens desirous of his cooperation in business plans in which
many are united in interest. He is a director of the Spratt
Building and Loan association. He is a director of the Carolina
and North- Western railway, of Chester, South Carolina. He is
interested in all that promotes the welfare of his town and county.
Allied with the Democratic party, he has not swerved from
allegiance to the men and measures advocated by that party.
THOMAS HENRY WHITE 435
He is a member of the Associate Keformed Presbyterian
church. His favorite exercise and recreation he finds in horse-
He was married June 25, 1889, to Lula Carlisle, of Spartan-
burg, South Carolina. Of their four children, three are living
His address is Chester, South Carolina.
GEORGE W. WILLIAMS
WILLIAMS, GEORGE W., banker, was born in Charles-
ton, South Carolina, January 20, 1860, and is a direct
descendant of Richard Williams, who came to America
in 1636 from Glamorganshire, Wales, and settled in Taunton y
Massachusetts, having purchased land from the Indians. In early
life Mr. Williams attended the well-known school kept by Doctor
Bruns in the city of Charleston, and subsequently the academy
in the same city, conducted by Professor A. Sachtleben. After
some years spent at Adams academy, Quincy, Massachusetts, in
preparation for college, he entered Harvard university as a mem-
ber of the class of 1882, but after remaining there for a year the
condition of his eyesight forced him to leave college. He then
went abroad and spent a year taking lectures, including a course
in the University at Bonn on the Rhine, in Germany. In the
fall of 1880 he returned to Charleston and entered into active
business in connection with various enterprises in which his
father, the distinguished banker, George W. Williams, Sr., was
interested. He was elected a director, then cashier, and subse-
quently vice-president, of the Carolina Savings bank, of Charles-
ton, and at the death of his father, in 1903, he was elected to
the presidency of the bank, in succession to his father, which
position he now (1907) holds. Mr. Williams served as alderman
of the city of Charleston for one term during the administration
of Mayor John F. Ficken, and for two terms during the admin-
istration of Mayor J. Adger Smyth. He has been for many
years a member of the board of trustees of the William Enston
home and of the board of commissioners of the Charleston
Orphan house. The work of caring for dependent orphans has
interested Mr. Williams more deeply than any other duty in
In 1883 he married Margaret Adger. They have five chil-
dren three girls (one of whom is married) and two boys. Mr,
Williams' parents were Methodists and he has long been a mem-
ber of that church. He divides his vacation periods as nearly
as possible between the seashore and the mountains. His life
work may be said to lie in Charleston, but he has a farm in
GEORGE W. WILLIAMS 437
Northeast Georgia, which affords him the rest most needful for
a business man. He is also fond of travel, and has been three
times to Europe, besides visiting various parts of this country
and Canada. Mr. Williams is among the most enterprising and
substantial citizens of Charleston and has never failed to respond
to all public calls that have been made upon him in which the
welfare of his native city and state are concerned.
His postoffice address is 15 Meeting street, Charleston, South
Vol. II. S. C. 20.
JOHN OWENS WILLSON
WILLSON, JOHN OWENS, D. D., president of Lander
college, in early manhood attorney-at-law, then min-
ister of the Gospel in the Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, was born at Cedar Grove plantation, Berkeley county,
South Carolina, January 27, 1845. His father, Dr. John Willson,
was a planter and physician and for many years representative
and senator from St. James, Goose Creek parish, a man still
remembered for his faithfulness in public and private trusts, his
kindness to his slaves and his charity to all people. Dr. Willson
married Miss Sarah Elizabeth Owens, whose influence on her
children was deep and abiding.
John Owens Willson was the second child and oldest son of
his parents. His boyhood was spent on a cotton plantation,
where he was encouraged to engage in outdoor exercises, but not
to labor on the farm. His education began in the "good old
neighborhood schools," continued at King's Mountain Military
academy, the Arsenal, and Citadel academy. He left the last-
named school to enter the Confederate army in June, 1862, and
served first in Company F, Aiken's regiment of cavalry, and then
in Company I of the Third South Carolina cavalry. In 1865
and 1866 he studied law and was admitted to the bar, November,
1866. After a year at Kingstree and a few months at Florence,
he located at Marion, as partner first of Gen. W. W. Harllee, and
then of Hon. C. D. Evans.
In 1873 he was convinced that he had a call to preach, and
in December he entered the South Carolina conference, Methodist
Episcopal Church, South. He was pastor of churches until 1889,
when he was appointed presiding elder and so served five years.
In December, 1894, he was elected editor of the "Southern Chris-
tian Advocate," and was reflected in 1897 for a term of four years.
In 1902 he labored at Abbeville; 1903-04, he was in Cokesbury
district, and since July 26, 1904, he has been president of Lander
college for women. Wofford college gave him the degree of
Doctor of Divinity in 1896. He has been a delegate to the general
conference of his church in 1890, 1894, 1898, 1902 and 1906; a
member of the Sunday school board since 1895; a representative
JOHN OWENS WILLSON 441
to the Ecumenical Conference of Methodists, held in London,
England, 1901 ; and a commissioner on joint commission of
Northern and Southern Methodism to make a common order of
worship and to prepare standard catechisms for both churches.
He was a pastor in Charleston, South Carolina, and was sent
North as collector for the injured church buildings of Southern
and Northern Methodists.
He has traveled in Europe, Africa and the Holy Land. He
is a Royal Arch Mason, a Knight Templar, and a member of
various fraternal organizations. In politics he is a Democrat.
On April 27, 1871, he married Miss Mary Oriana Richardson,
of Marion. They had one child, now the wife of Captain T. Q.
Donaldson, Eighth United States cavalry. On August 27, 1896,
he was married to Miss Kathleen McPherson Lander.
To the young he commends "patient preparation for life, not
so much in special lines as in what all vocations demand; fixed
purpose to preserve personal integrity; cultivation of genuine
interest in our fellow-men; and faith in God."
His address is Greenwood, South Carolina.
WILSON, HUGH, editor and publisher of the "Abbeville
Press and Banner," was born in Laurens county,
November 1, 1838. His father, Hugh Wilson, was a
millwright of noted mechanical skill. His grandfather, also
named Hugh Wilson, came to Charleston from Scotland in 1882.
After living for a time in Newberry he finally settled in Laurens,
where with two others he built a small cotton mill, which was
burned in 1830. His mother was Mary Godfrey Wilson.
Hugh Wilson was a sturdy boy. Though he lived in the
country until he was twelve years old, he evinced a marked
inclination for all things mechanical. When only thirteen he
became an apprentice in the office of the "Due West Telescope,"
now the "Associate Reformed Presbyterian" at Due West, where,
though having but a primary school education, he learned to set
type, thus following his grandmother's wishes, for it was her
desire that he become a printer. Hugh Wilson was ambitious,
determined to become a successful printer. In 1859 he bought
an interest in the Abbeville "Press and Banner," the paper that
he now edits. In 1904 he sold the paper to W. W. and W. R.
Bradley, but he takes the same interest in its success as he did
while he was its owner. Journalism has been his life work.
Though he has never held public office, he has always taken an
active interest in the material development of the town in which
he lives. For the last twenty years he has been identified with
every enterprise having for its object the improvement of Abbe-
ville. He has been director in the Abbeville Cotton mill and a
director in the Abbeville warehouse. He takes stock in each
worthy enterprise, and after it is well established sells out to
reinvest his money in another new one. He has been a member
of the Abbeville Literary club since its organization twenty-
eight years ago. At one time he was a member of Clinton lodge,
No. 3, F. A. A. M., but he has now demitted. As a young
man he was an active member of several temperance societies.
He is a contributary member of the State Press association, and
for one year was elected its president, an honor he holds as the
HUGH WILSON 443
highest that was ever bestowed upon him. He is a Democrat,
and although he has often criticised his own party and always
regards it his public duty to vote for the best man available, he
has ever maintained his party allegiance. He believes that the
state should insure the lives and property of its citizens at the
usual rates, and that by this means it would secure a revenue
sufficient to meet the entire expense of the government. In the
great trial of strength between the North and South, Private
Hugh Wilson rendered faithful service in the Western army of
the Confederacy. He was wounded at the battle of Chickamauga.
In speaking of his relations to the social world, Mr. Wilson
says: "My greatest social distinction is that I am no kin to John
C. Calhoun or any other great Irishman." Asked to discuss the
partial failures of his life, he declares: "I failed to win the
affections of the first girl I courted as I did those of others. The
greatest misfortune of my life is that I failed to marry. All
men should marry. The man who marries may possibly make a
mistake, but the man who stays single is sure to make a mistake.
An old man without family ties is lonely indeed." As advice to
young men who desire to lead useful and successful lives he says :
"Honesty in men, like virtue in women, is more to be prized than
all else. There is always a demand and a place for honest young
men men who would not sacrifice principle or character for
gain. More men fail because of lack of fidelity than for any
Mr. Wilson is identified with the Associate Reformed Pres-
His address is Abbeville, South Carolina.
WILLIAM BLACKBURN WILSON
WILSON, WILLIAM BLACKBURN, lawyer and
legislator, was born January 12, 1850, in Yorkville,
York county, South Carolina. His father, William
Blackburn Wilson, lawyer, member of state legislature before
and after the War between the States, and of the South Carolina
secession convention, was scholarly, cultured, confiding and reli-
gious, a typical old-school gentleman ; his mother, Arrah Minerva
(Lowry) Wilson, a refined and highly cultured woman of unusu-
ally strong character, was a potent and lasting influence on all
sides of his life. His blood is English, Irish and Scotch, repre-
sented on the paternal side by the Wilson and Stanyarne families
from England, who settled in lower South Carolina in colonial
days, and on the maternal side by the Lowry, McLure and Gaston
families from Scotland and Ireland, who settled in upper South
Carolina long prior to the War of the Revolution; his great-
grandfather, George Blackburn, descendant of generations of
family lawyers in the old country, came to America from Dublin
university, and was professor of mathematics and astronomy in
William and Mary college, Williamsburg, Virginia, and in South
Carolina college, Columbia.
W. B. Wilson spent his early life in his birthplace; was
healthy, strong and vigorous, and in school and college took an
active and prominent part in all kinds of athletics. He was
always ambitious, and stood high in his classes. His primary
education was obtained in the Yorkville private schools of Doctor
Robert Lathan and William Currell, and he prepared for college
in the King's Mountain Military school, Colonel Asbury Coward
principal. Thence he went to South Carolina college, where he
was graduated A. B. in 1869. His own preference and the wishes
of his parents coinciding, he took up the study of law in his
father's office, and was admitted to the bar January 14, 1871.
He at once began practice in Yorkville, in copartnership with his
father, under the firm name of Wilson & Wilson, where he con-
tinued successfully until 1876, with the exception of two years'
absence in Texas on account of his connection with the Ku Klux
and the Federal prosecution of the members of that patriotic
WILLIAM BLACKBURN WILSON 447
order in 1871-1873. In 1876 he removed to Rock Hill, in the
same county, where he has enjoyed one of the largest practices in
the state and acquired extensive business interests.
He has been active in politics as an unchangeable Democrat ;
was a member of the South Carolina house of representatives,
1884-1888; of the state senate, 1888-1892, and of the Constitu-
tional convention of 1895, and made a highly creditable record.
As a business man he has been conspicuously progressive and a
leading participant in all movements for the improvement of the
town. He is president of the Rock Hill Land and Town Site
company, of the Rock Hill Street Railway company, and of the
Carolina- Cuba company ; also a life trustee of the graded schools.
He is a member of the Protestant Episcopal church, the Knights
of Pythias, the Piedmont club, Phi Kappa Psi college fraternity,
and is a Mason.
The potent influences in his life have been, in the order
named: his wife, home, contact with men in active life, school,
private study and early companionship. His most enjoyable and
helpful recreations are driving and farming. As a man he is
approachable, genial and popular.
On December 29, 1875, he married Isabella Hinton Miller
(daughter of Doctor William R. Miller, of Raleigh, North Caro-
lina), a woman of unusual personal attraction and strength of
character, a member of the Colonial Dames of her native state
and an active force in church and society. Of their ten children,
all are now (1907) living. The oldest son, W. B. Wilson, Jr.,
is in partnership with his father in the practice of law.
The address of Mr. Wilson is Rock Hill, ^ork county, South
CHARLES ALBERT WOODS
WOODS, CHAELES ALBEKT, LL. D., associate justice
of the supreme court of his native state, was born in
Darlington, Darlington county, South Carolina, July
31, 1852. His father, Alexander Samuel Woods, merchant, was
widely known and esteemed for his marked business and personal
integrity; his mother, Martha Jane DuBose, a woman noted for
her refinement and accomplishments, deeply impressed his early
life. The family was founded on the paternal side, in America,
by Frame Woods, from the north of Ireland, who settled in Dar-
lington county, South Carolina, about 1770 ; on the maternal side
by Isaac DuBose, from Dieppe, France, who settled in lower
South Carolina a century earlier, about 1665.
His early life was spent on a farm near Darlington. His
early education was obtained at the village school in Darlington.
In 1869 he went to Wofford college, from which he was graduated
A. B. in 1872. In 1904, as a recognition of his eminent career,
his alma mater honored him with the degree of LL. D.
Like so many other distinguished Americans, he began his
working career as a teacher. His first service in this direction
was at Wesley Chapel school, in Darlington county, in 1873.
While teaching he took up the study of law, which he pursued
with all the natural enthusiasm of his Irish-French blood. He
soon abandoned teaching for the law T , but he has never lost interest
in educational work. With his qualifications, added to a pleasing
personality, his law practice soon became large and lucrative.
Incidentally his practice of law demonstrated in a marked degree
his ability as a financier, and he was made president of the Bank
of Marion, at Marion, South Carolina, a position he has filled for
years with credit to himself and profit to the bank.
Although not a politician, in the ordinary sense of the word,
he has been actively identified with the Democratic party since
he was old enough to cast his first vote, but the only official posi-
tion he has ever held is that of associate justice of the supreme
court of South Carolina, which he assumed January 28, 1903, and
still (1907) holds. No member of the court has a higher standing
with the bar and people of the state. He is and has long been a
CHARLES ALBERT WOODS 449
consistent and active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
On December 20, 1884, he married Salley Jones Wannamaker,
daughter of J. J. and Mary K. Wannamaker, of Orangeburg
His address is Marion, South Carolina.
List of Full Page Portraits
ALLAN, JAMES 3 JONES, WILIE 229
BACOT, THOMAS W 9 JUDSON, CHARLES H 233
BATES, GEORGE H 17 KELLEY, JOHN A 239
BATES, WILLIAM T. C 20 LIGHTSEY, JACOB A 247
BELLINGER, GEORGE D 24 LOWERY, BENJAMIN L . . . . 253
BRADLEY, DAVID F 33 LUCAS, WILLIAM E 254
BREEDEN, PETER L 37 MCCLINTOCK, E. PRESSLY. . 258
BRICE, ASHBEL G 41 MANNING, JAMES H 266
BROCK, JAMES A 47 MATHESON, ALEXANDER J. . 272
BROWN, RANDOLPH E 54 MAULDIN, BENJAMIN F . . . 276
CAPERS, JOHN G 60 MORDECAI, THOMAS M 282
CHESWELL, WILLIAM E 71 NAPIER, JAMES L 289
COVINGTON, HENRY K 81 NORWOOD, JOHN W 295
CROFT, THEODORE G 85 PARKER, THOMAS F 302
DAVIS, CHARLES McQ 95 PLONK, JOSEPH C 311
DAVIS, JAMES E 99 PRYOR, STEWART W 316
DILLON, JAMES W 106 RICHARDS, JOHN G., JR. . . 328
DOUGLASS, JAMES T 110 SEIBELS, EDWIN G 339
DUVALL, MAREEN W 114 SHEPPARD, JOHN C 343
EFIRD, CYPRIAN M 123 SIMMS, CHARLES C 349
ELZAS, BARNETT A 128 SIRRINE, JOSEPH E 352
EVANS, WILLIAM DEW. . . . 135 SMITH, AUGUSTUS W 359
FANT, JOHN A 139 SMITH, RUFUS F 362
FARR, FRANCIS N 143 STACKHOUSE, THOMAS B . . 366
FENNELL, WILLIAM W. . . . 147 STOLL, CHARLES W 375
GADSDEN, PHILIP H 158 SUMMER, CHARLES E 378
GASTON, ARTHUR L 164 SUMMER, GEORGE W 382
GIBSON, THOMAS B 174 TIMMERMAN, W. H 391
GOODING, WILLIAM J 183 VERNER, JOHN D 404
HAMER, ROBERT P., JR. ... 186 WARDLAW, JOSEPH G 408
HAMMETT, JAMES D 193 WATSON, EBBIE J 416
HINSON, WILLIAM G 204 WHITE, LEONARD W 430
HOLLIDAY, GEORGE J 208 WILLSON, JOHN O 438
JACKSON, JOHN M 216 WILSON, WILLIAM B 444
JONES, ADAM C 222
Index of Biographies
ALLAN, JAMES ............ 3 EDMUNDS, SAMUEL H ..... 119
AYER, HARTWELL M ...... 5 EFIRD, CYPRIAN M ....... 123
BACOT, THOMAS W ....... 9 ELLERBE, JAMES E ........ 125
BALL, WILLIAM W ....... 11 ELLIOTT, WILLIAM, JR . . . . 126
BARKSDALE, JOHN A ...... 13 ELZAS, BARNETT A ....... 128
BATES, GEORGE H ......... 17 EVANS, WILLIAM DEW 135
BATES, WILLIAM T. C. . . . 20 FANT, JOHN A ........... 139
BELLINGER, GEORGE D ..... 24 FARR, FRANCIS N ......... 143
BOUKNIGHT, JOSEPH H . . . . 29 FENNELL, WILLIAM W ---- 147
BRADLEY, DAVID F ........ 33 FERGUSON, JOHN W ...... 149
BREEDEN, PETER L ........ 37 FEWELL, RICHARD T ...... 151
BRICE, ASHBEL G ......... 41 FORD, RUFUS ............. 153
BROCK, JAMES A ......... 47 ERASER, THOMAS B ....... 155
BRODIE, PAUL T .......... 49 FROST, FRANK R ......... 157
BROWN, GEORGE W ....... 52 GADSDEN, PHILIP H ...... 158
BROWN, RANDOLPH R ..... 54 GAMEWELL, JOSEPH A ..... 162
BROWN, WILLIAM A ...... 58 GASTON, ARTHUR L ....... 164
CAPERS, JOHN G .......... 60 GERATY, WILLIAM C ...... 169
CARLISLE, MARK L ....... 65 GIBSON, THOMAS B ....... 174
CASTON, ROBERT T ........ 67 GODFREY, WILLIAM ....... 179
CHESWELL, WILLIAM E . . . 71 GOODING, WILLIAM J ..... 183
CLAYTON, WILLIAM F ..... 74 HAMER, ROBERT P., JR ---- 186
CODY, ZECHARIAH T ...... 77 HAMMETT, JAMES D ...... 193
COVINGTON, HENRY K. . . . 81 HARMAN, GODFREY M ..... 195
CROFT, THEODORE G ....... 85 HAZARD, WALTER ......... 197
CROMER, GEORGE B ....... 87 HENDERSON, EDWARD P . . . . 200
DANIEL, JAMES W ........ 89 HENRY, CHARLES H ....... 203
DAVIS, CHARLES McQ ..... 95 HINSON, WILLIAM G ...... 204
DAVIS, JAMES E .......... 99 HOLLIDAY, GEORGE J ...... 208
DEAN, ALVIN H .......... 102 HYDRICK, DANIEL E ...... 213
DIBBLE, HENRY M ........ 104 JACKSON, JOHN M ........ 216
DILLON, JAMES W ........ 106 JOHNSON, JOSEPH T ...... 220
DOUGLASS, JAMES T ....... 110 JONES, ADAM C .......... 222
DUVALL, MAREEN W ...... 114 JONES, WILIE ............ 229
EARLE, JULIUS R ......... 117 JUDSON, CHARLES H. . rrr7""233
454 INDEX OF BIOGRAPHIES
KELLEY, JOHN A 239 ROGERS, WILLIAM A 334
KINARD, JAMES P 241 SEIBELS, EDWIN G 339
KUKER, JOHN 242 SHEPPARD, JOHN C 343
LAW, JOHN A 243 SIMMS, CHARLES C 349
LIGHTSEY, JACOB A 247 SIRRINE, JOSEPH E 352
LODGE, LEE D 249 SMITH, AUGUSTUS W 359
LOWERY, BENJAMIN L. . . . 253 SMITH, KUFUS F 362
LUCAS, WILLIAM E 254 STACKHOUSE, THOMAS B . . 366
McCLiNTOCK, E. PRESSLY. . 258 STEVENSON, WILLIAM F . . . 371
MCDONALD, CHARLES E . . . 263 STOLL, CHARLES W 375
MANNING, JAMES H 266 SUMMER, CHARLES E 378
MARTIN, OSCAR B 270 SUMMER, GEORGE W 382
MATHESON, ALEXANDER J. 272 THOMAS, ANDREW J. S. . . . 386
MAULDIN, BENJAMIN F. . . 276 TIMMERMAN, W. H. ...... 391
MONROE, WILLIAM Mel . . . 280 TOMPKINS, ARTHUR S 394
MORDECAI, THOMAS M . . . . 282 TOWNSEND, CHARLES 'P. . . . 396
MORTON, DANIEL G 286 TOWNSEND, WILLIAM H. . . 399
NAPIER, JAMES L 289 TRIBBLE, MILTON P 401
NEUFFER, GOTTLOB A 290 VERNER, JOHN D 404
NICHOLLS, GEORGE W 292 WARDLAW, JOSEPH G 408
NORWOOD, JOHN W 295 WATKINS, HENRY H 413
OSBORNE, WILLIE R 297 WATSON, EBBIE J 416
PARKER, FRANCIS LsJ. . . . 299 WATSON, EMORY 424
PARKER, THOMAS F 302 WATSON, WILLIAM F 426
PEURIFOY, JAMES E 307 WEBER, SAMUEL A 428
PLONK, JOSEPH C 311 WHITE, LEONARD W 430
POE, NELSON C 314 WHITE, THOMAS H 434
PRYOR, STEWART W 316 WILLIAMS, GEORGE W 436
RAVENEL, HENRY E 320 WILLSON, JOHN 438
REED, RICHARD C 322 WILSON, HUGH 442
REYNOLDS, JOHN S 325 WILSON, WILLIAM B 444
RICHARDS, JOHN G., JR . . . 328 WOODS, CHARLES A 448