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University of California Berkeley 



Affiliated WITH MINING and 

in the 

Cripple Creek 




till II V .R't 



"D OB WOMACK, "The Father of the Cripple Creek District" ! 
^^ Such a title ! And yet the man who holds the honor, and 
holds it alone, of giving to the world the greatest high-grade mining 
camp on the continent, is today helpless and penniless, dependent 
upon a loving sister for the clothes he wears and the food he eats. 

Where is there a more bitter piece of irony than this? The 
case has no parallel. The man who shipped the first car load of 
ore from the great gold camp; the man who formerly owned the 
property which has made hundreds fabulously rich ; the man who 
suffered the humiliation in the early days of the camp for his per- 
sistent efforts to find "a paying proposition" ; the man who actually 
opened up the famous Gold King property and owned hundreds of 
acres of land adjoining it, all of which is now sending its stream of 
yellow metal to the four corners of the earth such a man sick and 
penniless ! Verily, the days of Bob Womack, "The Father of the 
Cripple Creek District" are numbered and he is destined, so fate 
has decreed, to die in abject poverty! 

The story has oft' been told. As a young man on a cattle ranch 
owned jointly by himself and father, his spare moments were spent 
on the now famous hills of the great camp, prospecting for gold. 
He was laughed at and he was jeered but he did not care. He was 
convinced that wealth was hidden beneath the rock-ribbed hills for 
someone and he kept pegging away. 

At last he found it, but even Bob Womack did not dream of 
the future of the Cripple Creek district. He was generous to a 
fault and his generosity proved to be his downfall. He gave away 
mining claims and sold others for a song. From time to time he 
was "tricked" out of a piece of valuable property. Finally, but. alas, 
too late, he realized that hundreds of millions of dollars had slipped 
through his fingers. 

Bitter irony of fate ! 

IN Discovery of Gold at Cripple Creek 



Rise of the richest mining district in the world from its beginning, 
fourteen years ago, furnishes a tale of immense human interest. 

The history of the great gold camp 
reads like a romance. 

It is a story of engrossing interest, 
not only to that large element of the 
world's population to whom the discov- 
ery of treasure appeals, but to the stu- 
dent of human achievements and human 
progress as well. 

To the former class the story of Crip 
pie Creek would seem like a page from 
the Arabian Nights. To the latter, it 
speaks of the restless search which has 
been prolonged through the centuries, 
for that fabled land in which nature had 
filled her storehouse with golden treas- 
ure, El Dorado. 

Cripple Creek, a name to conjure with, 
is known wherever the English tongue 
is known> a familiar name wherever the - 
yellow 7 metal is regarded as the one 
great thing to be desired and earnestly 
sought for. The output of its great 
mines which has so materially swelled 
the world's supply of the precious metal, 
has opened the eyes of the world to the 
fact that a section of the long-sought 
El Dorado has been found in the hills 
which stretch for miles to the westward 
of that grand old landmark, whose name 
is synonymous with that of the yellow 
metal in the minds of the people, Pike's 

When the Argonauts of '49, lured by 
tales of the discovery of gold on the 
strand of the great Western sea, united 
in a mad rush for the gold fields of 
California, they passed over the Rocky 
Mountain chain, and some of the most 
adventurous of their number found, in 
the hills surrounding Pike's Peak, traces 
of that magnet, which is so infallible in 
drawing the hearts of men gold. But 
California was to them the El Dorado, 
and they never dreamed of stopping 
short of their goal. 

The so-called Golden State was rich 
in the yellow metal, exceedingly rich, 
and its fame spread to the uttermost 
confines of the civilized world, but 
California could not afford to all of the 
treasure-seekers the wealth they craved 
and, weary and disgusted, they turned 
their faces toward the land of the rising 
sun. drawn by the stories of the exist- 

ence of gold in the hills lying around 
about Pike's Peak. 

Traveling over the great American 
desert, IqJ.ig after the fertile fields of 
the Missouri valley had been left behind, 
the eye of the pioneer was attracted by 
a peak which towered above its neigh- 
bors like a Gulliver among the Lilli- 
putians. What was more natural than 
that the traveler should steer his course 
by such a landmark, or that, reaching its 
base, he should linger to search the 
storehouse of Nature for its hidden 
treasure ? But Nature placed her seal 
upoji the treasure vaults of the great 
hills and reserved the blessings of a 
Cripple Creek for a future generation. 

At intervals during the years which 
witnessed the up-building of the young 
commonwealth of Colorado, occasional 
efforts were made to find out just what 
was hidden in the clefts and seams of 
the granite hills of the Cripple Creek 

There were men who felt sure that 
the tales of the pioneers about Pike's 
Peak gold were based upon something 
more than fancy, and they were confi- 
dent that they would, sooner or later, un- 
earth the treasure., In sunshine and 
shade, midst the balmy days of summer 
and the chilling blasts of winter, these 
men persevered in their search. Now 
and then repojrts reached the outside 
world of what searchers were doing, 
but the world was skeptical and stories 
of the finding of rich treasure in the 
hills to the westward of Pike's Peak 
were laughed to scorn. 

How the geologists examined the 
formation of the hills lying to the west 
of Pike's Peak, and how the men, 
versed in the lore of the books, declared 
that it was impossible to find gold 
here in paying quantities because the 
formation was not right, is an old story 
which has been often told, and the tale, 
although interesting, is beyond the scope 
of a work such as this. 

The discovery and location of the 
Cripple Creek district was prefaced by 
two mining excitements, neither of 
which amounted to anything 1 , the fact 
being doubtless due to the difference of 


conditions here prevailing, from those 
known in gold-bearing regions. 

When the United States georogicai 
survey, under the direction of Hayden, 
was in progress in what is now the 
Cripple Creek district, H. T. Wood, one 
of the party, found specimens of gold 
ore. No attention was paid to the mat- 
ter at the time, but when Mr. Wood 
visited Colorado Springs, in 1874, he told 
of what he had found. In August of 
that year a party was made up and this 
party located what is called the Mount 
Pisgah district. This was the first at- 
tempt to uncover the precious metal 
in the Cripple Creek region, and again 
in 1884, another rush was made to 
Mount Pisgah. Both of the booms were 
fruitless, and it is a singular fact that 
to this day, not a mine has been opened 
in that part of the district which first 
received the attention of the prospectors, 
while the territory over which they 
passed to reach the hoped-for bonanza 
country, has developed into the most 
marvelous gold-producing region in the 

The Weltys settled in the valley of 
Cripple creek, their home nestling upon 
the banks of the creek, just below where 
the Florence & Cripple Creek depot is 
now located. Their cattle roamed over 
the hills, waxing fat upon the grass 
which grew there so luxuriantly. 

Then came Bob Womack. This in- 
domitable prospector lingered in the 
beautiful valley and, day by day, he wan- 
dered over the hills, picking up bits 
of rock which his trained vision told 
him contained gold. Continuing in his 
tireless search, at last, in the fall of 1890, 
he found ore in place up in the region 
known as Poverty gulch, and he located 
the El Paso claim, now famous as the 
Gold King mine. With a sack full of 
specimens, he visited Colorado Springs, 
where he attracted the attention of E. 
M. De La Vergne and E. C. Frisbee, 
who visited the district in the winter of 
1891. The result of their visit was the 
opening of the Gold King mine, from 
which the first shipment of ore was 
made in November, 1891. The opening 
of a pay mine stimulated prospecting, 
and success followed their efforts. They 
are the men who really opened and 
developed the mines of the greatest gold 
camp on earth. 

Discoveries quickly followed the Gold 
King, and later E. M. De La Vergne 
opened the Raven mine, on Raven hill, 

which now belongs to the Elkton Com- 

The following spring, in 1893, saw the 
third great rush to the district, but 
this time the finds were genuine. Pros- 
pecting was started on all the hills, and, 
with quick succession, mines were 
opened and their development rapidly 
pushed. The Buena Vista, the Mary 
McKinney, Independence, Anaconda, 
Victor and Morning Star were among 
the first mines to become prominent. 
Before many months elapsed, all the hills 
of the district were covered with min- 
ers, the results of which the world 
knows. Of course, the two previous 
mining excitements caused many to be 
skeptical, which, to a great extent, kept 
men of capital out, so the district was 
developed by the tenderfoot. Work was 
carried on in a small way, as few had 
the necessary capital. Ore was found, 
and it piid the cost of mining, as the 
work progressed, a condition that all 
camps cannot boast of. 

The year 1892 proved to be an im- 
portant one, and two bonanza producers 
that have since attracted the attention 
of the civilized world were opened, the 
Portland and Stratton's Independence. 

Early in the year work was started 
on what has since proven to be the 
great Portland mine, and soon there- 
after an ore shoot was opened right 
at the surface. The news of the great 
Portland strike caused tremendous ex- 
citement and people flocked from every- 
where to see it. Beginning in that small 
way the company rapidly increased its 
holdings, until now it is one of the 
greatest mining companies in the United 
States. One shaft after another was 
sunk and the great ore bodies demon- 
strated, until now it is said there is 
all of twenty-millions' worth of ore in 
sight. Since opening the first ore there 
have been many surprises in store, even 
for the management of the company. 
Ore bodies after ore bodies have been 
opened, and while considerable of the 
territory has been prospected there are 
left many acres of virgin territory. 

It was on the fourth day of July, of 
the same year, that the late W. S. Strat- 
ton located the Independence claim. 
That he did not think much of it at the 
time was evidenced by the fact that he 
granted a two months' lease on the 
claim, while he continued operations on 
the Washington claim. The lessees, in 
the two months that they worked the In- 


dependence claim, cleaned up $150,000. 
When the lease expired Mr. Stratum 
commenced operations on the Indepen- 
dence, the development of which, a few 
years later, enabled him to sell the en- 
tire property for $10,000,000. 

Mining experts, men of great experi- 
ence in underground work, now began 
to visit the district. Many made adverse 
reports . That there was ore they ad- 
mitted, but many of them put tnem- 
selves on record that the ore occurred 
only in surface deposits. They ex- 
plained how impossible it was for gold 
to exist in this formation. They turned 
their backs on the infant camp and left 
behind them the treasure-vaults long 
sought for. 

Notwithstanding the adverse reports 
on the camp, the production for 1892 
amounted to $600,000. Stock companies 
were organized and work was carried 
on with more capital, with the result 
that the properties were developed fast- 

In 1893 silver was demonetized and 
business generally throughout the state 
was paralyzed . Miners began to flock 
here from the great silver camps. Cap- 
ital was still wary. Then, like a ray 
of sunshine through the darkness, came 
the announcement that the Pharmacist 
Company, on Bull hill, would pay a 
dividend. That news turned the tide to 
the new El Dorado, and people from 
every quarter of the globe began arriv- 
ing. The stage coaches rolled in packed 
to the boot. 

The strikes on Gold hill also startled 
everybody. Over on Battle mountain the 
Portland was in ore. Money, the profit 
from mining operations, commenced to 
circulate for the first time. The only 
facility for transporting the ore to mar- 
ket was the wagon. Stamp mills were 
put up to treat the ore. On account of 
the peculiar complex condition of the 
rock, it did not prove to be an ore 
adapted to the plates or to concentra- 
tion. Notwithstanding all the diffi- 
culties, when the close of the year 1893 
came, there had been shipped a total of 
$2,500,000 worth of ore. 

In the succeeding year, 1894, Tutt and 
Penrose and C. M. McNeill erected a 
chlorination mill, of 75-tons capacity, at 
Lawrence, and to them is due the credit 
of treating the Cripple Creek ores by 
the chemical process. The mill burned, 
and then they went to Colorado City, 
where they erected their present fine 

plant, which today forms the greatest 
milling and reduction works in the 

The little mill at Lawrence was kept 
busy treating ores. The windlass was 
superseded by the steam plant. Then 
came the great strike that tied up nearly 
every great mine. 

In June of 1894 the Florence and Crip- 
ple Creek Railroad reached the district. 
The advent of the road was the cause 
of much rejoicing, for its coming was 
recognized as the opening of an era of 
cheap transportation of ores, and con- 
sequently of greater profits to the pro- 
ducers of the yellow metal. 

In the early part of the year last men- 
tioned the Gold Coin mine was discov- 
ered by the Messrs. Woods. The mine 
was located in the very heart of the 
town of Victor, recently established. 
Two shafts were sunk and some values 
were found. The construction of the 
Victor hotel furnished a surprise, for 
in cutting a drain under the building a 
lead of marvelous richness was cut. The 
Woods brothers located a shaft midway 
between the two already sunk, and the 
strike which followed astounded the 
mining world, so rich was it. 

The first shipment of ore from tne 
Gold Coin was made in April, and it was 
not long before the stock, which had 
been selling at five cents per share, had 
gone beyond the dollar mark. 

The year closed with a total produc- 
tion for the camp of ore to the value of 
$4,000,000, while the dividends paid had 
amounted to slightly over one million 

In the year 1895 the various shafts 
of the district were driven deeper, and 
with, depth the ore bodies showed up 
greater in size and of greatly enhanced 
value. The year, with a record of a 
production valued at $8,000,000, fur- 
nished proof tihat the greatest gold 
camp on earth had been discovered. 

The Midland Terminal Railroad had 
been in course of construction for some 
time, but, owing to the fact that the 
line had been originallv designed as a 
narrow gauge, and that the plans had 
been changed, the road did net reach 
the camp until November of 1895. 

The year 1896 showed a production 
valued at $10,000.000. while in 1897 this 
was swolen to the handsome average of 
a million dollars a month. As the pro- 
duction increased the dividends showed 
a corresponding gain, the total for the 


year being $2,120,395 Heavier machin- 
ery was installed, and this in turn has 
been replaced by other, still greater. 

Mine after mine was opened, devel- 
opment w : as pushed upon the known 
bonanzas, and when the year 1898 
showed an output valued at $16,000,000 
the people of the camp began to talk of 
a yearly output of $20,000,000. 

The sale of Stratton's Independence 
mine caused the eyes of the investing 
world to again be turned towards the 
district, and efforts were made to secure 
the richest tracts of territory, but the 
owners too well knew the value of their 
properties, and what sales were made 
were at the owner's figures. 

In 1899, for the second time, bonanza 
ore was found in the famous Doctor 
mine on Raven hill. Litigation between 
the Doctor and the Jack Pot resulted, 
and this was settled through the con- 
solidation of the two properties, and pro- 
duction was resumed. The predictions 
of the sanguine were verified, for 1899 
showed a total production valued at 


In the year 1900 W. S. Stratton creat- 
ed considerable comment by purchasing 
the entire purchasable ground from the 
limits of the city of Cripple Creek, up 
Poverty gulch to Hoosier pass. For 
this Mr. Stratton paid, in round num- 
bers, $3,500,000. 

Besides buying Bold and Globe hill 
acreage, he purchased considerable terri- 
tory on Bull hill. That Stratton had 
faith in the future of the district, and 
especially the north end, he conclusive- 
ly evidenced. He started to sink the 
deepest shaft in the district, the Eagles, 
on Bull hill, which today is 1,540 feet 
from the collar of the shaft to the bot- 
tom of the dump, which is forty feet 
below the floor of the bottom level. 
He took hold of the Abe Lincoln, that 
had been idle for years, and made it a 
steady shipper. The breast of the Chi- 
cago-Cripple Creek tunnel was pushed 
ahead and Globe hill developed at great 

During the year a number of big con- 
solidations were made. The properties 
of the Tornado, Raven and Elkton com- 
panies were combined into one, giving 
the new company an immense estate on 
Raven hill. 

As the end of the year drew to a 
close a consolidation was effected be- 

tween the Doctor, Jack Pot and Nug- 
get companies, putting to an end for- 
ever the costly litigation that was in 

When the year 1900 had rounded out 
the production had reached the enor- 
mous sum of $22,500,000. 

During the second year of the twen- 
tieth century W. S. Stratton started his 
great work, that would demonstrate to 
the world that the north end contains 

freat bodies of rich ore. The Lady 
tith shaft, the largest in the district, 
was started, with three shifts pushing 
the w r ork of sinking. 

A big consolidation was effected in 
Beacon hill properties by the El Paso 
company taking in the Kimberly and 
Cripple Creek-Columbia comanies, mak- 
ing a compact group of better than sixty 
acres of the choicest part of that won- 
derfully rich little hill. 

The work of opening the Deerhorn 
mine, on Globe, w-as also started by 
W. S. Stratton. So great was the ore 
body uncovered that it was quarried out 
and shipped without sorting. True, it 
was of low grade, but such an immense 
tonnage was made that an enormous 
profit resulted. 

The construction of the Short Line 
Railroad from Colorado Springs was 
completed early in the spring, and a new 
avenue of transporting the ores opened. 
Milling capacity being needed, the erec- 
tion of additional chemical plants was 
started to handle the great output of 
gold-bearing rock that was hourly hoist- 
ed through the deep shafts. 

With the close of the year 1901 the 
mines of the district had made the larg- 
est annual contribution in their history, 
amounting to $24,986,990. 

The first decade in the history of Crip- 
ple Creek had drawn to a close, and the 
people proudly stood up and proclaimed 
to the world the wonderful achieve- 
ments of its operators, who had trans- 
formed a cow pasture into the greatest 
gold camp on earth in that period, with 
a record of having produced the enor- 
mous sum of $121,286,990. 

More wonderful still than that is the 
fact that there are known ore bodies 
that will in the next decade yield as 
much more. 





FRANK J. CAMPBELL, of Denver, 
is prominent among the leading 
men of Colorado. Mr. Campbell is gen- 
eral manager of the Anaconda mine, pres- 
ident of the Golden Cycle Mining com- 
pany, president of the Eagle Ore com- 
pany, and secretary and general manager 
of the Vindicator mine, in which he be- 
came a stockholder in 1896. 

Mr. Campbell was born near Lockport, 
N. Y., in 1855. He came to Colorado in 
1878 and was engaged in the hardware 
business at Chaffee, Gunnison, and Buena 
Vista for ten years. In 1888 he sold his 
hardware interests and became engaged 
in railroad contracting for the Pacific and 
Great Northern companies through Mon- 
tana, Washington, and Arizona". Mr. 
Campbell acquired his first mining inter- 
ests in 1890 in the Cripple Creek district. 




/ T N HE record of James Wright, one of the most successful of 
* lessees of the Cripple Creek district, is little less than phe- 
nomenal. His first achievement of note in the great gold camp 
was the successful development of the Thompson claim of the Elk- 
ton Consolidated Gold Mining company, into the treasury of which 
organization he paid $60,000 in royalties during the two years of 
the life of Ms lease. The figures attest Mr. Wright's ability as a 
mine manager, and the additional facts that he made a fortune for 
himself and gave employment to scores of men, paying out thous- 
ands upon thousands of dollars in wages, is further evidence that 
Mr. Wright is one of the best informed practical mining men of 
the Cripple Creek district. 

Several months ago Mr. Wright, with associates, secured a 
lease on the Zenobia on Bull hill, one of the holdings of the 
Stratton estate. It was but a few weeks after securing the lease 
that the lessees commenced to ship ore. The mine had a deep 
shaft and considerable lateral work, but prior to Mr. Wright's 
advent on the mine but little ore had been extracted. He went 
all together on another theory, and his deductions were shortly 
proven in substantial form. 

Last December Mr. Wright purchased the celebrated Joe Dan- 
dy mine on Bull hill for a cash consideration of $100,000, after 
making a thorough inspection of the property. Since then he has 
opened up several rich veins and has installed a new plant of ma- 
chinery for its development. The Joe Dandy is now one of the 
best equipped mines in the district and it gives promise of greatly 
increasing the wealth of the new owner. 




TWT R. GEORGE C. HILL, of the firm of Frees 
"^ & Hill Lumber Co., of Cripple Creek, and 
the Victor Lumber and Timber Co., of Victor, is the 
resident partner of these two companies. He became 
engaged in the retail lumber business twenty years 
ago, as manager of a small lumber yard at Indianola, 
Neb., owned by the Frees & Hocknell Lumber Co. 
Mr. Hill's connection with B. M. Frees, the million- 
aire retail lumberman of Chicago, begun at that 
time, has been continued ever since, formerly as an 
employe and later as a partner. 

Mr. Hill came to Cripple Creek on February 19, 
1901, at which time the Frees & Hill Lumber com- 
pany was organized and began business by the pur- 
chase of the two yards then belonging to the New- 
ton Lumber Co. Later, other yards were bought, 
and the Victor Lumber and Timber company was 
the result of a consolidation of these small yards. 
The companies of which Mr. Hill is the president 
and manager, do a large business throughout the 
district, enjoying an exceptionally good trade with 
the mines. They have acquired a splendid reputa- 
tion among buyers of building material for com- 
pleteness in assortment and quality of stocks, and 
promptness in delivery. The offices of the com- 
panies are at 161 East Masonic Ave., Cripple Creek, 
and 116 South Second St., Victor. 





TWT R. J. E. JONES, vice-president of 
"* the Gold Sovereign Mining and 
Tunnel company, treasurer and director 
of the Palace Gold Mining company, and 
a director of the Camilla Gold Mining 
and Milling company, all of the Cripple 
Creek district, is one of the prominent 
mining men of the great gold camp. Mr. 
Jones was formerly interested in the Sun- 
set-Eclipse property and the famous 
Thompson lease, of Cripple Creek, as well 
as in the May-Mazeppa mine of Gunnison. 

Mr. Jones was born at Whitford, Flint 
county, Wales, in 1868 and was educated 
in England. He came to Colorado in 
1880, interesting himself in several min- 
ing companies of Gilpin and Gunnison 
counties. He first became interested in 
mining in the Cripple Creek district in 





TWT R. WALTER SWANSON was born in 
*** Malmo, in the southern part of Swed- 
en, in 1869, coming to America in 1893. He 
had considerable experience in practical mining 
in the Gunnison, Creede and the Central City 
mining districts before going to the Cripple 
Creek district, this experience enabling him 
to become actively engaged in the industry at 
once, upon taking up his residence in the great 
gold camp in 1897. 

Mr. Swanson has charge of the affairs of 
The Tunnel Mining and Leasing company, 
which controls the Abe Lincoln, Arcadia, 
Lillie, Home Fraction, May Queen, Happy 
Boy, Granite Hill and several other well lo- 
cated properties of the great camp. 

Mr. Swanson's first experience with mining 
in the Cripple Creek district was as a lessee 
on the Hidden Treasure on Bull hill, the Morn- 
ing Glory and Colorado Boss, both on Gold 
hill, and the Monument on Battle mountain. 
He also drove a 1,500- foot tunnel through 
Copper mountain. 



D. N. HEIZER 19 

***- as one of the most conservative and most 
successful mining operators of Colorado. Besides 
being secretary and treasurer of the famous Spear- 
fish Gold Mining company, of the Deadwood dis- 
trict of South Dakota, and vice-president of the 
Moccasin Mining and Milling company, of Mon- 
tana, Mr. Heizer is the largest stockholder and sec- 
retary of the Little Puck Gold Mining company, 
as well as president of the Chicola Gold Mining 
company whose interests lie in the Cripple Creek 
district. Mr. Heizer has been prominently identi- 
fied with the development of "the greatest gold camp 
on earth" and is one of the most ardent exponents 
of deep mining in that territory. 

Mr. Heizer was born in Ross county, Ohio, but 
was reared to young manhood in Iowa, where he 
graduated from the Iowa state university. He 
served for two years in the Second Iowa cavalry, 
entering the university at the close of the war. In 
1893 Mr. Heizer moved to Colorado Springs and at 
once became actively interested in mining. 




TWT R. JOHN KUHN VANATTA, a prominent 
" * attorney of Colorado Springs, is heavily in- 
terested in several successful mining enterprises, 
notable among which are the Spearfish Mining and 
Reduction company of the Black Hills district, and 
the Gould Gold Mining company of the Cripple 
Creek district. He incorporated the Orpha Bell 
Mining company of Cripple Creek and is also one 
of its heaviest stockholders. 

Mr. Vanatta was born in Columbiania county, 
Ohio, in 1853. Seven years later his parents moved 
to Central Iowa and it was there that Mr. Vanatta 
received his education, graduating from Tobin's 
academy. Upon finishing school he went into his 
father's law office until he was 21 years old, being 
admitted to the Iowa bar in 1874. In January, 1879, 
Mr. Vanatta moved to Leadville, Colo., where he 
prospected for a year, but later he moved to Buena 
Vista and engagel in the practice of law until 1886, 
when he moved again to Colorado City. Mr. Van- 
atta has been a resident of Colorado Springs since 



-H II U 



WITH extensive mining interests in the 
Cripple Creek district and real estate in- 
terests in Colorado Springs. Denver and elsewhere 
in the state, Judge E. A. Colburn is recognized 
as one of the leading mining and business men of 
Colorado. Judge Colburn is president of the Gold 
King Mining company and the Ajax Gold Mining 
company, vice-president of the Enterprise Gold 
Mining company and secretary of the Strong 
Gold Mining company, as well as being heavily 
interested in the Little Puck, the St. Thomas and 
the Mary Jane Gold Mining companies, all of the 
Cripple Creek district. 

Judge Colburn was born in Essex county, N. 
Y., in 1843, but moved with his parents to Iowa, 
where he graduated from the state university law 
school in 1872. He was one of the pioneers of the 
Cripple Creek district and one of the original 
stockholders of the Gold King mine in Poverty 
Gulch. Judge Colburn built a handsome resi- 
dence at 978 Logan avenue, Denver, and has a 
suite of offices, 901 to 907, in the Equitable build- 
ing of that city. 




1WT R. E. A. NORTON is a New York State man by birth ; he 
*** came from that sturdy, independent and ambitious stock that 
demands a wider field of action than New York afforded and he, 
therefore, chose the West for the place of action in building his for- 
tune. He began business as a farmer in Iowa where he laid the 
foundation for his extensive ranching business afterwards carried 
on in the Dakotas and Montana. It was while following his occupa- 
tion in these states he came in contact with some of the rich mines 
of the Northwest and saw the great possibilities in the mining 
business. His investments in both Montana and the Black Hills 
mines were so fortunate that he decided to make mining his chief 
business and entered upon the arena of this new field with his 
characteristic ability in the great Cripple Creek District. His in- 
vestments and his promotions in making mines were so strong and 
he pushed them with such energy and dispatch that old-timers 
were amazed with his results. 

His success has been phenomenal in the Cripple Creek district. 
He is not only an officer in several mines, but he is one of the largest 
operators. He has extended his mining operations to the Black 
Warrior and Neal districts, Idaho, where he has extensive gold in- 
terests in a number of rich properties, and to the Encampment dis- 
trict, Wyoming, where he has already made a reputation for him- 
self in his connections with copper mining. 

Those who know Mr. Norton and are acquainted with his suc- 
cessful operations in mining class him as a winner and are willing 
to follow his judgment in any of his numerous mining connections. 
Several of the largest and greatest promotions of recent years 
in the Cripple Creek district owe their origin to his energy and 
capital. Those acquainted with him predict in time his name will 
rank with the so-called mining kings of the West in future years. 




TV/T R. C. E. MIESSE is one of Cripple Creek's substantial 
"* mining men. His home was formerly Chicago, 111. 
where he published a trade journal devoted to the interests 
of power farm machinery and was engaged in the manufac- 
ture and publication of a line of educational works. The 
application in Cripple Creek of the same energy and intelli- 
gence which made him so eminently successful in his Chicago 
business at once gave him rank among the mine operations of 
Cripple Creek. 

Mr. Miesse has perhaps brought more money into the 
Cripple Creek district for the making and developing of mines 
since he began operations there than any other single mine 
operator. He and Mr. E. A. Norton laid the foundation for 
handling and converting the millions of tons of low grade 
ores, which had been counted as worthless waste, into millions 
of dollars of profit, and thus opened the way to make the 
district the greatest low grade gold camp as well as being 
the greatest high grade gold camp in the world. He has a 
large interest in a number of prominent mines of the Cripple 
Creek district. The ability he has shown as an officer and 
operator of these mines has awakened the people of Cripple 
Creek to the greater possibilities of their gold district. 

He also has valuable holdings in mining properties in the 
Black Warrior and Neal Gold camps of Idaho, and the En- 
campment Copper district of Wyoming. 

Mr. Miesse has in an eminent degree the qualities neces- 
sary for successful and extensive mining operations. He 
knows a good mine when he sees it ; he had the ability to pro- 
duce the money necessary to place it on a producing and divi- 
dend basis; he has the courage to spend the money necessary 
for development and will never quit short of success. 



F . M . K U R I E 29 

"T^RANCIS MARRION KURIE enjoys the enviable 
* reputation of being not only the manager of the 
largest and one of the most famous gold mines of the 
Cripple Creek district, but the youngest mine manager 
of the great camp. Appointed to the position of resident 
engineer of the Portland property on June i, 1896, his 
ability was soon recognized by the officers and stock- 
holders of the company and on Oct. i, 1903, he was 
made assistant general manager, which position he held 
until July, 1904. At that time he was again advanced tc 
the position of general manager of the Portland, assum- 
ing full charge of the army of 550 men employed on the 
property. The Portland company owfts 180 acres of 
the most valuable property on Battle Mountain and 
boasts of the biggest pay roll in the Cripple Creek district. 
To have full charge of such an enterprise is an honor 
that seldom comes to one of Mr. Kurie's age. 

Mr. Kurie was born at Paoli, Orange county, Ind., in 
1873. I n l &9 2 ne came to Cripple Creek, becoming asso- 
ciated with Hills and Willis as assistant mining engineer 
in the Cripple Creek district and also as United Stares 
deputy surveyor. During that time he was employed 
from time to time on nearly all of the mines of the great 
camp. Probably no one is better informed regarding the 
Cripple Creek district than Mr. Kurie. 





TVT O ONE bears a more unique history in the Colorado 
* ^ mining world than S. S. Bernard of this city. Mr. 
Bernard is one of the most eminently successful operators 
of the great Cripple Creek district and today enjoys the 
largest stock brokerage business of any member of the 
Colorado Springs Mining Stock exchange. 

Mr. Bernard was born in Adams county, 111., 45 years 
ago, and has been a resident of Colorado Springs for 
seventeen years. Before becoming interested in mining 
he was engaged in the grocery business in this city. He is 
now the largest individual stockholder and general man- 
ager of the famous El Paso mine, and a heavy stockholder 
in the Elkton company, of which he was a member of the 
board of directors for the first ten years of the history of 
this well-known organization. 

It was not a question of "luck" that Mr. Bernard be- 
came heavily interested in these famous producers, but a 
matter of shrewd business foresight. Appreciating the ad- 
vantages offered for investment in mining in the Cripple 
Creek district from the very birth of the camp, Mr. Bernard 
"grubstaked" Wm. Shemwell and J. W. Mahoney, who lo- 
cated the Elkton and El Paso properties, respectively, and 
is thus entitled to the honor of being prominently identified 
with the active development of the greatest mining camp on 
the continent. 

Mr. Bernard is also a lover of horseflesh and owns 
some of the finest and fastest animals in the west. Among 
his thoroughbreds are the following well-known track 
horses : Phylis, trotter, 2 124^ ; J. G. M., Jr., trotter, 2 129 J ; 
Dora Delpha, pacer, 2 109, and two full brothers of the 
famous horse "Winfield Stratton". which are now three- 




MR. GEORGE BERNARD was born at Payson, Adams 
county, 111., in 1851, moving with his parents at the age 
of fourteen years to Clay county, Mo., where he attended a country 
school until he was of age. He was married at the age of 27 in 
Platte county, Mo., coming to Colorado Springs in 1886 for the 
benefit of his wife's health and engaging in the grocery business 
at 104 South Tejon street, which he sold later to join the great rush 
to the Cripple Creek district in 1891. 

Mr. Bernard associated himself in the great gold camp with 
F. M. Young, C. A. McLain and associates, forming the Monarch 
group of claims on Globe Hill, which property was afterwards sold 
to W. S. Stratton for $140,000. The next venture was the pur- 
chase of the Elkton group and the organization of the Elkton Min- 
ing and Milling company. Mr. Bernard, with keen foresight and 
excellent judgment continued work with the result that he made 
the property one of the most famous producers of the district. To 
him more than to anyone else is due the credit of making this 
wonderful mine. 

The Elkton company has already paid $1,500,000 in dividends 
and through Mr. Bernard's management has acquired additional 
property until today it owns 71 acres in the heart of the great 
gold camp. Mr. Bernard severed his connection with the company 
in 1902. 

Messrs. George and Sam Bernard grubstaked J. W. Mahoney 
at an expense of $50 each, the location and successful development 
of the two Orizaba claims of The El Paso Gold Mining company 
on Beacon Hill being the result of this undertaking. The El Paso 
Gold Mining company was organized by the Bernard brothers, 
650,000 shares, having a par value of $1.00 each, being put on the 
market and 250,000 being kept in the treasury for working capital. 
The El Paso Gold Mining company is today one of the largest 
mining propositions in the state, and the Bernard brothers have 
acquired additional property until the company now owns 70 acres 
of mining ground. 

Mr. Bernard is now vice-president of the famous El Paso Con- 
solidated Gold Mining company, as well as the second largest 
individual stockholder. 

Mr. Bernard also owns a big stock ranch of 3,750 acres, 21 
miles northeast of Colorado Springs, where he is engaged in rais- 
ing high grade and thoroughbred Gallaway cattle. He also owns 
two-fifths of the stock of the National Land and Cattle company. 
While his time is largely divided between his home in Colorado 
Springs and his ranch, he still owns a large block of stock in the 
El Paso and other famous Cripple Creek District mining enterprises. 





DOUGLAS BERNARD was one of the pi- 
oneers of the Cripple Creek district. Coming 
to Colorado Springs from Missouri in 1893, he 
engaged in the grcery business with his brother, 
S. S. Bernard, at 105 South Tejon street, but the 
following year Mr. Bernard moved his business to 
Victor and opened the first store at that place. He 
was appointed the first postmaster of Victor. Dur- 
ing his term of office he became quite extensively 
interested in mining and later sold his grocery busi- 
ness in order to devote his undivided time to the 
new enterprise. Later Mr. Bernard opened the Ber- 
nard livery on Cucharras street, Colorado Springs, 
which business is still conducted under that name. 
He also purchased a big cattle ranch fifty miles east 
of the Pike's Peak city, near Ramah, but later sold 
it back to Ed Stark, the original owner. 

Mr. Bernard is largely interested in the El Paso 
Consolidated Gold Mining company, and has a suit 
of offices at 321 East Bennett avenue, Cripple 
Creek, where he conducts a brokerage business, re- 
ceiving the daily quotations for the benefit of his 
customers. Mr. Bernard is a native of Quincy, 111. 




MR. JOHN M. JORDAN is a stock- 
holder in the El Paso Consolidat- 
ed Gold Mining company as well as sec- 
retary and treasurer of the now-famous 
organization. He was born in Gentry 
county, Mo., in 1868, where he received 
his education, and in 1888 he went to 
Sherman county, Kan., where he became 
cashier of the Sherman County Bank. 
Mr. Jordan moved to Colorado Springs 
in 1895, taking charge of H. E. Bassett's 
loan and brokerage business. Prior to his 
connection with the El Paso company he 
was also employed in the office of the as- 
sessor of El Paso county. 



ti v ILT 



MR. C. P. CAMPBELL, one of the best-known 
mining men of the west, who was for years 
connected with the Dorsey Investment company, one 
of the largest brokerage firms of Colorado Springs, 
has extensive interests in both the San Juan and the 
Cripple Creek mining districts of Colorado, and in the 
famous Goldfield, Nev., camp. He is president of 
the Bullion Bar Mining company, of the San Juan 
district, besides owning the controlling interest in 900 
acres of valuable ground at Goldfield. Mr. Campbell 
is now engaged in promoting a number of companies 
which own property in the three camps in question and 
which have unusually bright prospects for the future. 
Mr. Campbell was born in Ingham county, Mich., 
in 1872, receiving his education in the public schools 
of that place and at the Michigan State Agricultural 
college. He first came to Colorado in 1897 and has 
followed the brokerage and promotion business since 
that time with an unusual degree of success. He 
has a suit of offices in the Postof fice building of Colo- 
rado Springs and is a member of the Colorado Springs 
Miining Stock association. He is president of the 
Goldfield-Comstock Mines company, the Nevada 
Homestake Mines company, and vice-president of the 
Goldfield-Victoria Mines company, besides being in- 
directly interested in a number of other Goldfield com- 
panies. } 




MR. HOWARD MASTERSON, secretary of the 
Zoe Gold Mining company, of the Goldfield- 
Kawich Exploration company, of the Johnson Furnace 
and Engineering company, and the Albemarle Mining 
and Milling comwpany, is one of the most prominent 
young business men of Colorado Springs. Mr. Mas- 
terson is also private secretary to James F. Burns, the 
largest stockholder and former president of the great 
Portland Gold Mining company of the Cripple Creek 
district, which position he has held since 1900, thus 
familiarizing himself with every detail of the mining 

Mr. Masterson was also private secretary of T. F. 
Burns, owner of the Colorado Springs Western League 
baseball team, for four years, resigning that position 
in 1905 because of the press of other business interests. 
For the last six years he has also done a general loan, 
investment and insurance business and through his 
untiring enterprise he has built up a "large following 
in this line. 

Mr .Masterson was born at Prescott, Ariz., in 
1878. He was educated at Shortlidge college, Pa., 
and came to Colorado in 1899. 




MR. J. Q. MAC DONALD first became interest- 
ed in mining and milling in 1891 as chief 
chemist for the Tabor Investment company, of Den- 
ver, when that company owned the Cyanide process 
patents for the treatment of ore. Two years later he 
went to the Cripple Creek district and erected the 
Brodie mill at Mound City and was identified with 
this enterprise and other mill industries until 1898 
when he went to Mexico and California and built other 
mills. Mr. MacDonald returned to the Cripple Creek 
district in March, 1899, and immediately became asso- 
ciated with Messrs. Tutt, Penrose and MacNeill, of 
the United States Reduction and Refining company, 
of Colorado Springs, building for that concern the 
National and Union mills at Florence, and the Nation- 
al sampler at Goldfield. 

Mr. MacDonald is manager of the Union, Metallic, 
and National mills at Florence and employs 300 men. 
He has served as mayor of the city of Florence and is 
now secretary of the State Military Board. 

Mr. MacDonald was born in Clay county, Iowa, 
in 1872, coming to Colorado in 1880. He received his 
education in the Gilpin school and the High Schools 
of Denver, soon afterward becoming associated with 
the Tabor company. 




MR. WILLIAM LENNOX a resident of Colorado 
Springs since 1872, has been eminently success- 
ful in his mining ventures in the Cripple Creek district. 
Appreciating the advantages for investment in the great 
camp from its birth, Mr. Lennox acquired extensive in- 
terests before the real "boom" set in and was prominently 
identified with the development of the district. In sub- 
stantiation of this statement the fact need only be cited 
that in 1892 Mr. Lennox acquired by purchase the prop- 
erty of the Gold King Mining company in Poverty Gulch, 
from which the first shipment of ore from the great 
camp was made the previous year by Bob Womack, 
"Father of the Cripple Creek district". Under the di- 
rection of Mr. Lennox this property became one of the 
best producers of the camp. 

Mr. Lennox's first mining venture was the acquisition 
of the property now owned by the Katinka Mining com- 
pany on Guyot Hill. Shortly afterward he procured the 
Gold King property and became heavily interested in 
the Strong Gold Mining company, of which he is now 
president. He is also interested in the Henry Adney 
mine, the Sangre de Christo Tunnel and Mining com- 
pany and many other Cripple Creek District mining con- 
cerns, as well as in placer and lode mining in the Brecken- 
ridge district. 

Mr. Lennox is a native of Iowa City, Iowa. He 
engaged in the hay, grain and feed business in Colorado 
Springs soon after coming here and later embarked in 
the retail coal business, which he followed until 1901. 





MR. OLIVER H. SHOUP, confiden- 
tial manager of the Reed Investment 
company, has been for many years closely 
identified with the progressive development 
of Colorado's best interests. The Reed In- 
vestment company has extensive banking 
and mining interests throughout the state, 
deals largely in bonds and mortgages and 
is developing one of the biggest sugar beet 
industries in the state on the Western slope. 

Mr. Shoup was born in Champaign 
county, 111, Dec. 13, 1869. Coming to Colo- 
rado Springs with his parents in 1882, he 
received his education in the public schools 
of this city and at Colorado College. In 
June, 1888, Mr. Shoup entered the office 
of the Colorado Springs company, severing 
his connection with that concern in 1895 to 
engage in business with Mr. V. Z. Reed. 









JOHN H. HOBBS, a member of the 
firm of Edsall, Key & Co., of Colora- 
do Springs, has been interested in mining 
in the Cripple Creek district since the great 
camp was opened up in 1891, both as an 
owner of valuable property and as a lessee. 
He has also been heavily interested for 
several years in mining in the northwest- 
ern part of Mexico where he organized a 
number of successful mining companies. 
His latest promotion in that district was 
the Laluz Mines company, of Guanajuato. 
Mr. Hobbs was born in Douglas 
county, Colo., in 1874. Since 1880 he 
has lived in Colorado Springs, "receiving 
his education in the public schools of this 



C. D. WEIMER 53 

MER, one of the most prominent min- 
ing men of Colorado Springs, has extensive 
mining interests in the Rio Hondo district of 
New Mexico, and in the new Goldfield, Nev., 
camp. He is secretary and treasurer of the 
American Consolidated Mines company and the 
Minerva Gold Mining and Milling company, 
of the Rio Hondo district, and of the Gold- 
field & Ruby Hill Mining company and the 
Goldfield Hummer Gold Mining company, of 
Goldfield. He is also secretary and treasurer 
of the Cheyenne Canon & Seven Falls Devel- 
opment company of this city. 

Mr. Weimer was born in Minerva, Ohio, 
on September 10, 1869. For several years he 
was connected with the Pennsylvania Railroad 
company, being located at several different 
sections of that company's system, chiefly at 
Willesville and Cleveland, Ohio. He became 
interested in mining several years before com- 
ing west and after coming to Colorado he de- 
voted his entire time to his interests along that 
line. Mr. Weimer came to this state in 1896 
but moved to Taos, N. M., a short time after- 
ward. In 1903 he took up permanent residence 
in Colorado Springs. 



V II U U 1 Vfc^ 



BURN, son of Judge E. 
A. Colburn, of Denver, was born 
in Colorado Springs in 1877, re- 
ceiving his education in the public 
schools of this city and at the Ar- 
mour Institute of Technology. 
For five years he was master me- 
chanic of the Ajax mine at Victor, 
after which he became interested 
with his brother, E. A. Colburn, 
Jr., in the Antlers Automobile 
company of this city at 8-10 
North Nevada avenue. Later the 
business was transferred to Den- 
ver because of the larger field of- 
fered in that city. 




KENNETH MACDERMID, a resident of Colorado 
Springs for the last seventeen years, is prominently iden- 
tified with the best interests of his home city and the Cripple 
Creek district. He came to the Pike's Peak region before gold 
was discovered in the great camp and when the boom started 
there in the early go's he was among the first to appreciate the 
advantages offered. Mr. Macdermid "got in on the ground 
floor" of a number of the most successful mining enterprises 
in the district and is today a heavy stockholder and secretary 
of the following organizations : The C. K. & N. Gold Mining 
company, the Acacia Gold Mining company, the Colorado 
Springs Gold Mining company and the Uncle Sam Mining 
company, all of which own valuable property in process of de- 
velopment in the Cripple Creek district. 

Mr. Macdermid is at present a member of the Colorado 
Springs Mining Stock Exchange and was a member of both the 
Board of Brokers and the Board of Trade during their exist- 
ence. Both as a broker and a promoter Mr. Macdermid has 
always jealously guarded the interests of his clients, a fact 
which has contributed largely to his unusual success.. 

Mr. Macdermid is also secretary of the Colorado Springs 
Driving club and is the owner of two or three fast harness 
horses . His business is conducted in the Mining Exchange 
building, Colorado Springs, where he has a suite of offices. 

Mr. Macdermid is 41 years old. He was born March 4, 
1864, at Taunton, Mass., but his parents moved to Sydney, 
Casper Brenton, Nova Scotia, when he was but seven years 
old, receiving his education in the public schools of that place. 





CHARLES WALDRON is one of the most prominent 
mining men of the Cripple Creek district. Few men in 
the district have as many separate mining interests as Mr. 
Waldron and few, if any, are better informed as to the possi- 
bilities of the camp. Mr. Waldron is general manager and 
superintendent of the Last Dollar mine on Bull Hill, one of the 
deepest mines of the district, which has paid $1,250,000 in 
dividends. The Last Dollar company gives employment to 
from 90 to 125 men, notwithstanding the fact that its property 
above the tenth level is under lease to practical miners, all of 
whom are making handsome profits. Good ore has been 
opened up in the thirteenth level and it is the plan to continue 
further downward, Mr. Waldron being one of the champions 
of the policy of deep mining in the great gold camp. 

Mr. Waldron is leasing on his own account on the Rose 
Nicol property and on block 193 of the Stratton Independence 
Limited. He is also president of the Diana, Don Carlos and 
Imp companies, whose property he located, and also vice-presi- 
dent of the Blue Bell Gold Mining company, manager of the 
Bull Hill Mining and Development company, and a director 
of the Katinka Gold Mining company, all of which own val- 
uable property in process of development in the Cripple Creek 

Charles Waldron was born in Stuttgart, Germany. He 
came to America in 1882 and to Colorado Springs in 1884. 
While a resident of this city he constructed Prospect Lake, 
Lake Moraine and the Ute Pass road, and was formerly the 
owner of the Monument Garden Ranch. 




IRVING HOWBERT, a leader among leaders of men, 
has long been prominently identified with the pro- 
gressive development of Colorado Springs as a city and 
Colorado as a state. His interests extend over a large 
field, but consist principally of mining, banking and rail- 
roading. Mr. Howbert is not only president of the First 
National bank of Colorado Springs, one of the state's 
leading financial institutions, but is also president of the 
great Portland Gold Mining company, owning the largest 
producer of the great Cripple Creek district. 

Until recently Mr. Howbert was also president of the 
famous Short Line road connecting Colorado Springs 
and the great gold camp to the west, in which he was 
one of the heaviest stockholders until the line was sold 
a short time ago to the Colorado & Southern company at 
a handsome price. Mr. Howbert was one of the organ- 
izers of the railroad company and it was almost wholly 
through his enterprise that the great scenic line was built. 
He is still a member of the board of directors of the line, 
and, it might incidentally be mentioned, is also a director 
of Colorado College and formerly served as regent of 
the Colorado State university. 





DP. VAN FLEET was born in Drake county, 
Ohio, in 1858, where he taught school for four 
years prior to coming to Colorado in 1885. He was 
married in 1884, bringing his family with him the fol- 
lowing year and settling in the San Luis valley in the 
southern part of the state. His first mining experience 
was in the well-known Creede camp, where he became in- 
terested in the Amethyst mine as the direct representa- 
tiv of David H. Moffatt and also in a numbr of success- 
ful mining enterprises of his own. In 1893 Mr. Van 
Fleet moved to the Cripple Creek district. For three 
years prior to that he devoted his time almost exclusively 
to other mining interests which he had acquired in Chima- 
hua, Mexico, consisting of 100 acres of valuable mineral- 
bearing ground which is now producing ore. 

Mr. Van Fleet is now extensively interested in leas- 
ing in the Cripple Creek district, having three excellent 
leases on the property of the Montrose Mining company, 
the Arizona claim and the Right All Right group on 
Ironclad Hill, as well as in other parts of the great camp. 
Mr. Van Fleet employes in the neighborhood of 30 men 
and pays out about $4,000 a month in wages. 

Mr. Van Fleet has two daughters, Estella and Pearl. 
The former is now a member of the Junior class of the 
Colorado Springs High School. The latter is a graduate 
of the Music and Art department of the Denver uni- 





NO ONE has worked more indefatigably for the best interests 
of Colorado mining than H. H. Barbee, of Colorado Springs, 
and few have accomplished as much. Mr. Barbee is heavily inter- 
ested in mines of the Cripple Creek district and, backed by New 
York capitalists, he has just organized a new company with a cap- 
italization of $3,000,000 for the development of 100 acres of val- 
uable property in the Boulder district. It is the intention of this 
company to acquire extensive interests in the Cripple Creek district 
and its possibilities seem almost boundless. 

Mr. Barbee is president and general manager of the Princess 
Alice Mining company, which will probably consolidate with the 
Bonnie Nell company, making one of the largest mergers of the year 
in the great gold camp. Mr. Barbee became interested in the Cripple 
Creek district in 1890 and in 1891 he promoted the Cripple Creek 
Columbia, now the famous El Paso company, having a lease on the 
property in the early days of the camp together with V. Z. Reed 
and associates. He also promoted the Bonnie Nell, Ouray and 
Soltaire companies and formed the consolidation which made the 
Jennie Sample Consolidated Mining company on Raven Hill. Mr. 
Barbee is now a heavy stockholder in this company and also in the 
Gould Consolidated Mining company, as well as in many other 
prominent companies of the Cripple Creek district. He was also 
largely interested in the Beacon Hill Ajax company until its property 
was purchased by the El Paso company. 

Mr. Barbee has made ten trips to New York state in the last 
eighteen months in the interest of his mining enterprises throughout 
the state, spending on his own account in the neighborhood of 
$14,000 in the interest of Colorado mining. He is heavily interested 
in real estate in Colorado and Kansas, having just taken over all 
of the Pomeroy estate in the Sunflower state, and is associated with 
land valued at $750,000. 



C H A S. N. M I L L E R 67 

CHARLES N. MILLER, of Denver, secretary and treasurer of 
the Gold Bond Consolidated Mines company and of the Amal- 
gamated Gold Mining company, both of which own valuable prop- 
erty in the Cripple Creek district, is one of the best-known mining 
men of the West. Mr. Miller is also extensively interested in the 
great Goldfield, Nev., camp and in the Sonora, Mexico, .district, 
where companies with which he is connected are operating on a large 
scale with flattering results. He is president of the Providential 
Mines company and secretary of the Goldfield United Mines com- 
pany, the former owning well located property near Goldfield, and 
the latter owning 318 acres of valuable ground in the heart of the 
new camp. One of the Sonora companies in which Mr. Miller is 
heavily interested possesses 300 acres of ground and is erecting a 
loo-ton mill for the treatment of its own ore. 

Mr. Miller was, in the early days of the Cripple Creek district, 
a member of the firm of Miller & Young, brokers, one of the largest 
concerns of its kind in the state. This firm promoted several com- 
panies in the Cripple Creek district and others throughout Nevada 
and Mexico, being at all times actively connected with the rapid 
development of the mining industry in general throughout the West 
and South. Mr. Miller built the first residence in the town of Crip- 
ple Creek and acquired extensive real estate interests there, much 
of which he still owns. He took up residence in Cripple Creek in 
1892, locating a number of claims soon afterward. However, most 
of his first locations he lost during the big strike of 1894, among 
them being the Legal Tender, now one of the best-known properties 
of the camp. 

Mr. Miller was born at Buffalo, N. Y., in 1871, receiving his 
education at Erie, Pa. He is at present associated with A. P. Miller, 
ln's brother, with offices at 424, 425 and 426 Mining Exchange 
building, Denver. , 




RICHARD WILLIS is regarded as 
one of the most successful mining 
promoters of Colorado. He is presi- 
dent of the Grandma, Blizzard, Bull 
Frog, North Star and Kentucky Bells 
companies and is also heavily interested 
in the Centurian company. Mr. Willis 
is a member of the Colorado Springs 
Mining Stock Association and main- 
tains a suite of offices in the Out West 
building, Colorado Springs. 

Mr. Willis was born in London and 
educated in England. He came to 
America for the second time five years 
ago, locating in Colorado Springs soon 
after coming to this country. He at 
once engaged in the mining promotion 
business and has met with an unusual 
degree of success. 



n u 



HM. GILBERT has been successfully 
engaged in mining in the Cripple 
Creek district since 1894. In that year he 
came to Colorado from Milwaukee, Wis., 
but returned to his native state in 1895. He 
had the genuine "mining fever" by that time, 
however, and was not content to remain in 
the Lake Michigan city, returning to the 
Cripple Creek district again is the spring of 
1896. Since that time he has devoted his 
entire time to his mining interests and his 
efforts have been crowned yith success. 

Mr. Gilbert was born in Waukesha coun- 
ty, Wis., in October, 1867, where he lived 
until he was twenty years old. He attended 
the Wisconsin State Normal school and 
afterward taught school for three years in 
Waukesha county. After that he engaged in 
the wholesale grocery business in Milwaukee 
and later went to Arkansas and Georgia, 
where he erected mills for a Chicago and 
Milwaukee syndicate. 




MR. GAY GLENN was born at Lynn county, Mo., in 
1871. He came to the Cripple Creek district in 
1895 an d aftrward worked in nearly every property of note 
in the camp. On Aug. 28, 1897, Mr. Glenn secured a 
lease on the Pinnacle property, on which he made a fortune 
of $250,000 in less than eight months. With him we r e 
associated Messrs. Lee Glenn, F. G. Whipp and S. E. 
Whiiip. the company spending over $700,000 in the develop- 
ment of various properties in the great gold camp since its 
organization. Mr. Glenn is also interested in the Favorite, 
on Cold Hill, and the Blanche and Suns Consolidated prop- 
erties on Mineral Hill, as well as the Ide in Goldfield. 

Mr. Glenn has made an enormous amount of money in 
Pinnacle, which must be taken up by March 25, 1907, with 
favorable indications that he will be the owner of 36 acres 
of valuable property north of the famous Isabella and the 
Cameron townsite, within the next twelve months. The 
Pinnacle company receives 20 per cent, royalties from Mr. 
Glenn, said royalties applying on the bond. 

Mr. Glenn has made an enormous amount of money in 
the mining industry in the Cripple Creek district and bears 
an enviable reputation as a mining man/ He is also well 
informed as to other camps of the West, having visited 
Tonapah and other camps of the West and Northwest in 
company with D. H. Shepard, of Denver, and Hank Smith, 
superintendent for 22 years of the famous Mackey and 
Fairs properties in Nevada, in which time that mine yielded 

Mr. Glenn's immediate relatives reside in Lynn county, 




dent and general manager of the Expo- 
sition Mines and Leasing company and the 
Mine and Mill Supply and Machinery com- 
pany, of Cripple Creek, is one of the most prom- 
inent young mining men of the great gold 
camp. Mr. Kenyon is now working the South 
Burns and the Los Angeles mines under lease 
and has other extensive business interests in 
the district. , 

Mr. Kenyon was born at Lawrence, Kan., 
in 1873, receiving his education in Chicago. 
He came to this state in 1892 and went to the 
Cripple Creek district in 1897, where he soon 
appreciated the advantages offered in the min- 
ing industry. 

Before going to Cripple Creek Mr. Kenyon 
was engaged in the railway engine and train 
service, being connected with the C. B. & Q. 
road for two years, with the Colorado Midland 
for two years and the remainder of the time 
with the Southern Pacific and Southern Cali- 
fornia railway system in southern California. 



C. A. FITCH 77 

CLARENCE A. FITCH was born in 
Rochester, Olmstead county, Minn., in 
1868, receiving his education at Minneapolis, 
where he graduated from the High School of 
that city in 1888. The following year Mr. 
Fitch came to Colorado Springs and has resid- 
ed here continuously since that, though spend- 
ing much time in the Cripple Creek district, 
where he has numerous interests in leasing 
propositions. For over seven years he was 
cashier of the Colorado Springs Gas and Elec- 
tric company. In 1899 he was made secretary 
of the Free Coinage Gold Mining company and 
went to the Cripple Creek district that year 
to look after his mining interests. Later he 
became general manager of the Free Coinage 
company and also operated leases on the Pinto, 
Burns, Atlanta, and the Bonanza King with a 
remarkable degree of success. 

Mr. Fitch was assistant to Secretary C. C. 
Hamlin, of the Cripple Creek Mine Owners' 
association, for a year and a half and prior 
to that time was in charge of the estate of Sam 
Strong in the Cripple Creek district. 





stands out prominently among the lead- 
ing young mining men of Colorado. Born in 
Colorado Springs in 1882, Mr. Colburn re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of the 
city and at Colorado College, taking a special 
course in Chemistry and Mining Engineering 
at the latter institution in 1897 and 1898. Later 
he became a student of practical mining at the 
Ajax mine at Victor under the tutelage of E. 
W. Brooks, chief chemist and metallurgist, be- 
ing advanced to the position of assistant super- 
intendent in 1900 and again in 1903 to the su- 
perintendency of the famous mine. Later Mr. 
Colburn severed his connection with the Ajax 
mine and organized the Antlers Automobile 
company, installing auto liveries in both Den- 
ver and Colorado Springs. Mr. Colburn is at 
present associated with his father, E. A. Col- 
burn, Sr., and Josiah Winchester, lessees of the 
Golden Wedge claim of the Mary Jane Mining 
company, which is generally regarded as one 
of the choicest of Raven Hill properties. 


MR. H. J. NEWMAN, a leading mem- 
ber of the Colorado Springs Mining 
Stock Exchange, is secretary and treasurer 
of the Little Cut Diamond Consolidated 
Gold Mining company, the Estella Gold 
Mining company, and the Gold Bullion Min- 
ing and Milling company ; vice-president and 
treasurer of the Aola Gold Mining company, 
president of the Rose Archer and Mar- 
garette Gold Mining companies, all of the 
Cripple Creek district; vice-president and 
treasurer of the Goldfield-Comstock Mining 
company, which owns no acres of well-lo- 
cated property in the Goldfield, Nev., dis- 
trict, and 500 acres at Tula canon, 36 miles 
south of Goldfield; vice-president and a di- 
rector of the Goldfield- Victoria Mines com- 
pany, which owns 135 acres of valuable prop- 
erty in the heart of the Goldfield district; 
and vice-president and treasurer of the Ne- 
vada-Homestake Mines company, which 
owns no acres in the Goldfield camp. 




11 U II* 


W. R. GREIR 83 

MR. W. R. GREIR secretary 
and treasurer of the Ma- 
roney Lumber company of Crip- 
ple Creek, is one of the prominent 
lessees of the great gold camp. 
Mr. Greir was born Oct. 23, 1869, 
at Peoria, 111., where he lived until 
he was eleven years old. He is a 
graduate of the Manual Training 
school of Washington university, 
St. Louis. After completing his 
education Mr. Greir became en- 
gaged in the lumber business, 
which he has followed for more 
than sixteen years. He moved to 
Cripple Creek in 1896. 




WF. LITTELL, secretary 
and manager of the Moun- 
tain Boy Gold Mining company and 
the Big Twenty Consolidated Gold 
Mining company, came to Colorado 
in 1888 from Lynn county, Kan., his 
birthplace, engaging in minim; in 
Chaffee county. In 1892 he went to 
the Cripple Creek district and has 
since been successfully engage' I in 
mining and promoting in the f amen 3 
camp. The Mountain Boy company 
is now shipping ore and the property 
holds forth great promise for the fu- 
ture under Mr. LittelFs direction. 
Mr. Littell has also been connected 
from time to time with a number of 
successful leasing concerns operating 
in the Cripple Creek district. 




MR. F. W. WEIBER stands well at the 
head of the mining experts of the West 
and is regarded as one of the best practical 
mining men of Colorado. He is largely in- 
terested in Cripple Creek properties and has 
been connected since 1883 with one or two 
mining concerns operating in the Guadalupita 
district of New Mexico. Mr. Weiber first be- 
came actively interested in the Cripple Creek 
district in 1893, in the early history of the 
camp, and is secretary and general manager 
of the Jewel Gold Mining company and also 
of the Brilliant Gold Mining company of the 
great camp, besides being heavily interested in 
a number of other mining enterprises there. 

Mr. Weiber has from time to time experted 
a number of Cripple Creek properties and no 
one is better informed than he as to the value 
of stocks and the general mining stock market, 
conditions. He has had offices in the Midland 
block, Colorado Springs, for the .last eleven 
years and during that time he has kept thor- 
oughly in touch with the entire mining market. 

Mr. Weiber was born at Centralia, 111., 
in 1 86 1. He was educated at Mt. Vernon, 
[11., and came to Colorado Springs in 1886, 
becoming quite extensively interested in min- 
ing soon after his arrival here. 







born in Rock Island county, 
111., in 1858, but came to Colorado 
with his parents in 1860 and received 
his education in the public schools of 
Black Hawk, Colo. For many years 
Mr. Maroney followed, with an en- 
viable degree of success, the lumber 
and saw-miill business. He came to 
the Cripple Creek district in 1893 
and engaged there in the retail lum- 
ber business and afterward became 
vice-president and a stockholder in 
the First National Bank of that city. 
Mr. Maroney has a beautiful sum- 
mer home seven miles out of Den- 
ver on the Morrison road/ where 
he spends much of his time. He 
stands among the leading business 
men of the Cripple Creek district. 




MR. H. A. RIEDEL was born in Milwaukee, Wis., where he 
received his education. While in that city he was con- 
nected with the Central National Bank and the Wisconsin National 
Bank, for a period of six years, serving in several responsible 

Nine years ago Mr. Riedel came to Colorado Springs, entering 
upon the real estate, mining and insurance business, which he fol- 
lowed with a marked degree of success. During that time he ac- 
quired mining interests in the Cripple Creek district and other 
mining camps of the state, and later sold out his real estate and in- 
surance business in order to devote his undivided attention to his 
extensive mining interests which had grown materially. Since that 
time Mr. Riedel has been exclusively engaged in the mining and 
promoting business and has been identified with the most progres- 
sive development of the best mining districts of Colorado. He now 
has interests in several large producing properties of the Clear 
Creek and Gilpin districts and has been eminently successful in 
interesting many conservative eastern capitalists in Colorado min- 
ing. Mr. Riedel has been connected with the most important tun- 
nel enterprises of the Clear Creek district and now controls one of 
the largest tunnels, as well as one of the largest estates of that 
camp. His properties include some of the most important pro- 
ducers of the western part of the state mines that are now under- 
going active development on a large scale. 

Mr. Riedel also owns considerable property in the Goldfield 
and Bullfrog, Nevada, districts, which are now under development 
and give promise of great things for the future. He is president 
of the H. A. Riedel Investment company, whose main offices are 
located in Denver. Mr. Riedel enjoys an unusual degree of success 
in his mining operations because of his fair dealing and his keen 
business judgment and foresight. Indeed there are few if any 
more successful promoters in Colorado than he. 




MR. E. G. TAYLOR was born in Mercer county, 
Pa., in 1863, moving with his parents in 1872 to 
Kansas, where he completed his education begun in his 
native state. Mr. Taylor had considerable experience in 
coal mining in the eastern counties of Kansas. He came 
to Colorado in 1889, being first attracted to the Cripple 
Creek district in January, 1894. His first active experi- 
ence in mining in the great gold camp was in contract 
work which he followed with an enviable degree of suc- 
cess. Mr. Taylor has had charge during his residence in 
the Cripple Creek district of the Free Coinage and Christ- 
mas ore houses and later had charge of a lease on the Ana- 
conda property. In 1901 he took charge of the C. K. & N. 
property, which he developed from a mere prospect to one 
of the best mines of the entire camp. The C. K. & X. 
has produced to date more than $1,500,000 and is today 
employing regularly 75 or 80 men. Mr. Taylor also 
opened the Old Gold property, which lies near and directly 
west of the Raaler Mine. The property is also producing 
a goodly amount of ore and carries great promise for the 

Mr. Taylor has fully demonstrated his ability as one 
of the leading mine managers of the Cripple Creek dis- 




JOHN M. PARFET was born in Pennsylvania on March 13, 
1857, and from his boyhood has followed mining, becoming di- 
rectly connected with the coal mining industry in his native state 
when but a mere boy. He followed every stage and feature of 
anthracite coal mining in Pennsylvania and later did considerable 
contracting in the Moogan Iron company mines with which he was 
connected for several years. 

Mr. Parfet came to Colorado in 1873, when he became engaged 
in mining in the Bob Tail tunnel at Central City. From there he 
went to Montana and Idaho and became general superintendent of 
the Hecla Consolidated Mining company in the former state. He 
also had charge of the Clipper Bullion, Burlington and Wellington 
Mining companies, as well as the Pine Creek Mining and the Pan- 
ther Creek Mining and Milling companies. 

Mr. Parfet came to the Cripple Creek district in 1897 and was 
instrumental in the organization of the Geyser Mining and Milling 
company, which later consolidated with the Gold Exploration and 
Tunnel company, out of which has been created the Cripple Creek 
and Pueblo Railway company. He is also connectel with the 
Ophelia Mining and Leasing company and other bonding and 
leasing concerns of the Cripple Creek district. The Ophelia tunnel 
is over two miles in length and has nearly three miles of under- 
ground track. This tunnel has cut innumerable veins and the cost 
of operation to date exceeds $500,000. The breast of this tunnel 
is now under the famous Sheriff property at Windy Point in the 
heart of the great gold-producing area. The tunnel is equipped 
with 3O-pound rails and the transportation facilities employed in it 
are all operated with electricity. 



11 a 



MR. JOHN R. SMITH has been engaged in prac- 
tical mining, making a specialty of ore sampling 
for a number of years, and is rated as perhaps the leading 
authority in the state in that particular line of the mining 
industry. After following the cattle-raising business with 
success for ten years, Mr. Smith became interested in the 
Cripple Creek Gold Mining District in 1892 and ore in- 
spector and general mining for the Raven Gold Mining 
company, which consolidated a few years ago with the 
Elkton company. From 1900 to 1905 Mr, Smith served 
in the capacity of ore inspector for the Stratton Inde- 
pendence Ltd. company. He estimates that during his 
experience in mining he has sampled more than 400,000 
tons of Cripple Greek ore. 

Mr. Smith is also one of the successful lessees of 
the great gold camp and also has extensive mining inter- 
ests in Boulder county and the new'Goldfield, Nevada, 
camp, controlling 130 acres of well-located ground at 
the latter place that holds forth great promise for the 

Mr. Smith was born in Randolph County, Mo., in 
1857, coming to this state in 1882. 




born in Baltimore, Md., 
in 1853, receiving his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Keo- 
kuk, Lee County, Iowa, where he. 
went with his parents when a boy. 
Mr. Finnerty came to Colorado in 
1879, when he was 25 years of 
age, locating in Denver. In that 
year he became interested in the 
Leadville mining district during 
its "boom" days. Later he or- 
ganized the Adams Mining com- 
pany and became extensively in- 
terested in such well-known prop- 
erties as the Hidden Treasure, the 
Dick Mackey, and the Burlington, 
and also in various mines of the 
Monarch district in Chaf fee coun- 
ty and at Central City and Alma 
in Gunnison county. In 1893 
Mr. Finnerty went to the Cripple 
Creek district and purchased the 
famous Dillon mine, in which he 
is today heavily interested. Mr. 
Finnerty also has extensive inter- 
ests in the Golfield, Nev., district. 
He is looked upon as one of the 
most successful operators of the 




D. W. MASON 103 

MR. D. W. MASON was born in Wales in 
1871, coming from a ij,mily which has fol- 
lowed mining with a marked degree of success for 
generations. When fourteen years old he came to 
this country and later removed to Silverton, Colo., 
where he engaged in mining. When a boy Mr. 
Mason received a scholarship in one of the leading 
mining schools of England. He has followed the 
industry in its various branches in South Africa, 
British Columbia, and nearly all of the leading min- 
ing camps of this state. 

Mr. Mason went to the Crippel Creek district in 
1897, attracted there by the unusual advantages pre- 
sented for investment, and is today connected with 
a number of the leading leasing companies of the 
great camp. He is associated with ]. H. Hobbs, of 
Colorado Springs, one of the foremost yoang min- 
ing men of the west, leasing on a block of the Strat- 
ton Independence Ltd. company at Victor, the 
Orpha May and other well-known property. He 
has been superintendent of the Grafton Gold Min- 
ing company, operating in the Cripple Creek district, 
of the La Lus Gold Mining company, operating in 
Old Mexico, and of the Leary company, operating 
in British Columbia. 





of the Upper House of the Colorado State 
Legislature from El Paso and Teller counties, 
is one of the foremost mining men of the state. 
Senator De La Vergne is manager of the famous 
Elkton mine and controls a great deal of other valu- 
able property in the great Cripple Creek district. 

Senator De La Vergne was born in Marietta, Ohio, 
in 1848, coming to this state when thirty years old 
and settling on the Ute Reservation in Gunnison 
County. Later he went to Mexico, but soon re- 
turned to Georgetown, Colorado. In December, 
1900, when spending the holidays in Colorado 
Springs visiting his family, Senator De La Vergne's 
attention was first attracted to the Cripple Creek 
district, when the now great camp was considered 
more of a joke than anything else. The next month 
he located the Eldorado claim, next to the now fa- 
mous Gold King, and bears the distinction of being 
the first man to take tools into the district with which 
to work his property. His standing in the mining 
world today testifies the ultimate result of his keen 
foresight. ' 





J l 





MR. J. B. WIGGENHORN, general passenger 
agent of the Midland Terminal and the 
Florence and Cripple Creek railroads, is re- 
garded as one of the most progressive young rail- 
road men in the west. He. was born in St. Louis, 
Mo., in 1871, residing there until he was 23 years 
old and receiving his education in the public schools 
of that city. 

In 1897 Mr. Wiggenhorn became connected with 
the Vandalia line as a rate clerk of the passenger 
department. Later he became city passenger agent 
of the Chicago and Alton road at Denver, and after 
a short time was made city passenger agent of the 
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific at that place. 

Mr. Wiggenhorn went to the Colorado Midland 
road as chief clerk to the general passenger agent, 
and in June, 1900, was made assistant joint agent 
of the Transcontinental Passenger association at 
San Francisco. He first became connected with 
the Midland Terminal road in 1902, and is now 
chief of the passenger departments of that road and 
the Florence and Cripple Creek line. 










E.G. SHARER 115 

MR. E. C. SHARER, private secretary to 
J. R. McKinnie, of the McKinnie- 
Davie Investment company, has been asso- 
ciated with that company in a number of large 
mining deals throughout Colorado and else- 
where, and is one of the promising young 
business men of Colorado Springs. He is 
an officer and director of several well-known 
mining companies, and is associated with the 
McKinnie-Davie company in its extensive 
sugar beet industry at Grand Junction, on the 
western slope an industry which holds forth 
great promise for Colorado, since the state 
outranks all others in the quality of beets 
grown and already stands second of the states 
of the union in the number of its factories. 
Mr. Sharer is secretary-treasurer of the West- 
ern Sugar and Land company, which owns 
one of the largest sugar factories in the state 
at Grand Junction. 

Mr. Sharer was born in Mercer county, 111., 
thirty years ago. He is a graduate of the law 
department of Kent College, Chicago. 





FRANK LESTER SMALE is superintendent of the fa- 
mous Portland mine at Victor, the largest mine of the 
great Cripple Creek district. Mr. Smale entered the ser- 
vice of the Portland company as a miner in 1896, since which 
time he has enjoyed promotion in rapid succession from the 
bottom to the top round of the ladder, having at the present 
time between 500 and 600 men directly under his control 
the largest number of men employed on any property in the 
Cripple Creek district. The fact that the Portland company 
has a monthly pay roll averaging between $50,000 and $55,000 
attests the responsibility resting upon the shoulders of the 

Mr. Smale was born in Orono, Ontario, in 1867. He 
moved with his parents to Kansas and lived with them on a 
farm until he was 18 years of age. He then came to Colorado, 
engaged in mining in the St. Elmo mining camp in Chaffee 
county. He worked from time to time in nearly every camp 
of consequence in the west, returning to Colorado in the fall 
of 1893. Mr. Smale has had more practical experience in 
mining than many men twice his age. Before becoming con- 
nected with the Portland company, Mr. Smale worked in many 
of the prominent properties of the great gold camp, including 
the Elkton and the Independence No, 2. 


















) 1 


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