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1833 02328 847 

iGc 977.2 H24 5m v. 2 pt.2 
Harrison, William Henry, 

Messages and letters of 

Wi. 1. Henrv Hs^rrison 


— -St'?' »'1!IJ.-'rV-.-Vr >'l<r»*«.»>.yJ;-»-y«i O ! lJH » . ?f -^-T- 


Volume IX 

i4 ' ' 

' ' «J 



Allen county PubUc L^m 
900 Webstef Street i 

PO Box 2270 j.^, 2270 
Fort V/ayne, IN 46801'ZZ/w 


Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Chilacothe 17th Maj-cli 1813 

Sir : 

I had the honor tliis day to receive your communication of 
tlie oth Instant, [see above] I have in a former letter informed 
you that I thouglit it necessary to reiterate my application 
to the Governor of Kentucky for the two Regiments which I 
had requested him to organize for immediate service. This 
step was taken after the most mature deliberation and upon 
the fullest conviction not only of its propriety but of its abso- 
lute necessity. With the exception of two Remnants of Tribes 
and a part of another we are nov/ at war with all the Indians, 
which fonned the confederacy that was opposed by the army 
under General Wayne, Avith the addition of Several numerious 
and warlike Tribes and the wiiole of this savage force di- 
rected by the skill of British officers and supported by the 
steady valour of British vetei'ans. Several important posts 
have been established in the immediate vicinity of the enemy 
in which and in those which connect them with the settlements 
large supplies, have been deposited of immense value from 
their actual cost and of vital importance to our future opera- 
tions. With a frontier so extensive to protect and a deposit 
so sacred to guard against the attempts of any enemy as sub- 
tle and formidable as Indians and British when united cer- 
tainly are — I could not think that a force which in the agre- 
gate would not exceed three thousand and which from experi- 
ence 1 knew would not amount to two thousand effectives 
w^ould be two large. The post at the Miami Rapids may be 
maintained for some weeks with Five hundred or six hundred 
men. It ought not hov/ever in my opinion to have less than 
twelve hundred. The Forts upon the Auglaize and St. Marys 
seven in number including Fort Wayne must be kept up to 
pi'eserve our convoys. That of Lower Sandusky is so impor- 
tant and so easily assailable as soon as the lake is navigable 
that I feel great apprehentions for it altho' protected by two 
companies. That at Ujjper Sandusky has now within its walls 
upwards of three thousand barrels of Flour Twelve thousand 
bushels of forage and othei- valuable stores, surrouiided by 
three hundred Wyandot Warriors whose friendly disposition 
can not be considered unequivocal. I could not commit its 


protection to less than two weak companies. At Mc Arthurs 
and Findley's Block Houses there are nearly three thousand 
barrels of flour which also require protection and the Five 
thousand which are at St. Marys (Girtys Town on the Map) 
and Amanda (Tawa Tov/n on the Augiaize) cannot descend 
to the Rapids in safety without escorts even if it were not 
necessary to send Troops to the Rapids to supply the place of 
the Virginia and Pennsylvania Militia whose term of service 
Vv'ill expire in fifteen days. 

*The known candour of your character is a sufficient se- 
curity for my receiving your pardon for the liberty I take in 
making objections to the plan of operations communicated 
in your letter of the 5th Inst. If there is a positive certainty 
of our getting command of Lake Earie and having a regular 
force of three thousand five hundred or even three thousand 
well disciplined men the proposed plan of setting out from 
Cloaveland and landing on the northern shore below Maiden 
would perhaps be the one by which that place and its depend- 
encies, could be most easily reduced. I am unacquainted with 
the extent of the preparations that are making to obtain the 
naval superiority upon Lake Earie, but should they fail and 
the Troops be assembled at Cleveland, it would be dificult to 
get again upon the proper track for making the attack round 
the Head of the Lake. The attempt to cross the Lake from 
Clcaveland should not be made with any other than well dis- 
ciplined Troops. A comparatively smaller number of men of 
this description could effect the object and for those the means 
of conveyance might be obtained. But the means of trans- 
porting such an army as would be required of Militia or un- 
disciplined regulars could not be procured. I can see no rea- 
son why Cleaveland should be prefered as the point of em- 
barcation for the Troops or the deposit of provisions and 
stores. These are already accumulated at the Rapids of 
]\Iiami or in situations to be easily sent thither to an amount 
nearly equal to the consumption of a protracted campaign. 
Altho the expence and difficulty of transporting the provisions, 
artillery and stores, for an army round the head of the Lak(i 
would be very considerable, the Lake being possessed by our 
ships and the heavy baggage taken in boats along its margin 
the troops would find no difficulty in the land route. The 
force contemplated in your letter is in my opinion not suffi- 


cicnt to insure success. Admitting that the whole should be 
raised by the time pointed out they would be very little su- 
perior to militia, the officers having with scarcely an excep- 
tion to learn their duly before they could instruct llieir men, 
we have therefore no alteniative but to make up by numbers, 
the deficiency in discipline. I am well aware of the intolera- 
ble expence which attends the employment of a large militia 
force. We are now however in a situation to avoid the errors 
which made that of the last campaign so peculiarly heavy. 
Our supplies are procured and so deposited that the period for 
the march of the army from the advanced posts can be ascer- 
tained to an hour; and of course the troops need not be called 
out until the moment they are to act. Experience has con- 
vinced me, that militia are more efficient in the early than in 
the latter part of their service. Upon the whole it is my 
decided opinion that the Rapids of Miami should be the point 
of Rendezvous for the Troops as well as the principal depot. 
Indeed it must necessarily be the first deposit, the provisions 
for the army being so placed that they can be taken to the Lake 
in no other way. The Artillery and a considerable supply of 
ammunition are already there. Boats and perouges, have 
been built in considerable numbers on the Auglaize and St. 
Marj^s Rivers and eveiy exertion is now making to increase 
them, intended for the double purpose of taking do^\^l the pro- 
visions to the Rapids and for coasting the Lake with the bag- 
gage of the army in its advance. I had calculated upon being 
able partially to use this mode of transportation even if the 
enemy should continue their naval superiority on the lake — 
but with this advantage on our side the whole baggage of the 
army could be safely, and expeditiously carried along the coast 
in the boats and Perouges which could be taken into the Strait 
to transport the amiy to the Canada shore. As I have before 
observed, the army unincumbered with heavy baggage would 
find no difficulty in marching round the lake at any season, 
but what the enemy would create; and we have the means of 
subsisting a force that vrould be irresistable. The objection to 
proceeding in this way stated in my letter to I\Ir. IMonroo arose 
from the time that would be necessary to construct boats after 
"we should have arrived at the Strait but this objection is en- 
tirely obviated by our obtaining the command of the Lake as 
the boats and perouges built upon the Miami will answer the 
purpose. ■ . 


With regard to the quantui'n of force, my opinion is that 
not only the rcg'uhir Troops, dcsi<!;nated in your Letter, but 
a large auxiliary coi'ps of Militia should be employed. The 
only objection arrises from the expensiveness of troops of that 
description. This however could not be an object considering 
the very short time that it would be necessary to employ them. 
Let the moment for the commencement of the march from 
tlie Ilapids be fixed, and the Militia might be taken to that 
point proceed and accomplish the object and return home in 
two months. Amongst the reasons which makes it necessary 
to employ a large force, I am sorry to mention the dismay and 
disinclination to the service which appears to prevail in the 
western country. Numbers must give that confidence which 
ought to be produced by warriors valour and intrepidity which 
never existed in any army in a superior degree than amongst 
the greater part of the militia which were with me through 
the winter. The new drafts from this State are entirely of 
another character and are not to be depended upon. I have 
no doubt however but a sufficient number of good men can be 
pi'ocured and should they be allowed to serve on Horse Back 
Kentucky would furnish some regiments that would be not 
inferior to those that fought at the River Raisin and they were 
in my opinion superior to any militia that ever took the field 
in modern times. Eight troops of cavalry have been formed 
in Kentucky to ofi'er me their services and several of them 
were intended for 12 months volunteers. Gov. Shelby has 
some thoughts of taking the field in person; a number of good 
men will follow him. He thinks that an address from me to 
ihc i)eople of the state would produce a good effect. I have 
strong objections to those addresses but will nevertheless have 
recoui'se to one should other means fail of bringing forward 
a snfTicient force. 

l'A-(M'y exertion shall in the mean time be used to forward 
tlic i-ecruiting service. Foi' a fev/ weeks I think that my 
services would be more useful in that than any other employ- 

For the Wiuit of another ofiicer wlio is qualified for so im- 
po)-t;int a charge I hav(! been obliged to order Colo. [John] 
Millo)- of the IDth to Camp Meigs and have committed the re- 
ci-uiling disti-ict to Major [John] Whistler until the arrival of 

I. 'J'hr I'ait-i of this letter Ijclwcen the two *'s wcro umlci .scoif<l by the sccrftaiy 
of v;tr anrl foiinci) the basis of the eiiMiin!,' campaign. 


Lt. Col. [John B.] Campbell who is hi the southern part of 
Kentucky on furlough. 

The British emissaries have been throu.'^hout the winter 
amongst the Indian Tribes engaging them for the service of 
the present spring. The Potav\'atimies and Miamies alone 
have agreed to furnish 1000 wari'iors and the British have 
promised to meet our army between the Miami Rapids and 
Maiden. The Indians will not want to be cooped up in Maiden, 
Knowing then the point, and having it in our power to fix the 
hour Y/hen the decisive action will be fought — why with such 
a population as the western country affords should we not 
have a force that will leave nothing to chance? I must again 
intreat your pardon for the freedom with which these obser- 
vations are made and beg you to believe that whatever may 
be your final orders and however oposcd to my own opinions 
they shall be executed with promptitude and fidelity. I shall 
be thankful for as early information as may be convenient 
as to the extent of the command which is intended for me and 
whether any cooperating expeditions to the westward are in- 
tended. Upon this subject my opinion is that feints well 
supported will answer every purpose of making divertions. It 
is the intention of the British to assemble for the protection 
of Maiden all the Indians they can get. I do not therefore 
believe that any attempt Vv^ill be made by a considerable force 
upon our settlements to the westward until late in the sum- 
mer. They may however make demonstrations in that direc- 
tion to cause a division of our force. Col. [William] Russell 
of the 7th Regt. has hitherto commanded under my orders in 
the Indiana Territory. He is I believe now in Kentucky. I 
shall order him to Vincennes immediately. I am convinced 
that I can render more service by remaining within the set- 
tlements in forwarding the recruiting service and organising 
the new army than by returning to the frontier. I beg leave 
to recommend that a Brigd. be sent on to take the command at 
the Rapids. I have understood that Genl. William Clark is to 
be appointed a Brigd. Having served several years with this 
gentleman and having a perfect knowledge of his character 
and talents I do not hesitate to say that in the kind of warfare 
in which we are engaged I had lathei' have him with me than 
any other man in the United States. 

From the concluding paragraph of your letter I have sup- 


posed that it was the intention of the Pj-esidcnt to ix^i-mit me 
to nominate the staff of the N. Western army. I have not 
however done so, and shall wait your further instructions upon 
the subject. 

I have the honor to be with perfect respect 

Yr. lib. Svt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Ilonble. John Armstrong Esq. Secy, of War 

Indorsed : 

Chilicothe 7th March 1813. Major Genl. Harrison. Has reit- 
erated his request to the Gov. of Kentucky for' additional 
forces — states forts and their strengths — thinks the Rapids a 
point of rendezvous preferable to Cleveland — Does not think 
the force assigned him sufficient for the object, cannot at first 
be better than militia — states the great advantage of com- 
manding the Lakes — Col. Russell ordered to Vincennes. 

. . Shelby to Harrison 
> ,;„ .r: > . : Frankfort March 20th, 1813 

Har. Pa. 970-976 

Dear Sir: 

By the mail of last evening I was favored by the receipt of 
your letter of the 12th inst. At the time it came to hand 
Brigdier Genl. Green Clay, and the Field officers of the De- 
tachment now ordered from this State to the Rapids was in 
council at Lexington to determine on the most suitable places 
to assemble the troops on the rout to Limestone. Their ren- 
dezvous having been previously ordered by my self to be on the 
29th inst. Immediately on the receipt of your letter I dis- 
patched an express to General Clay, who will command the 
detachment, inclosed him a copy of your letter to me and di- 
rected him to fix upon such places for the rendezvous as 
would facilitate the movement of the troops on the rout to 
Cincinati as you request except such of them as would neces- 
sarily come by Limestone from the northeastern part of the 
state the whole of this detachment being ordered from the 
north side of Kentucky as it was believed they could join you 
from eight to ten days sooner than if ordered from the south- 
ern quarter of the state. My express to Genei'al Clay was 
instructed to arrive in Lexingtoji this morning by daylight 



before tlie board of officers should disperse. I cannot say 
exactl^^ vvhat poi'tion of the troops maj' assemble at Limestone 
but probably not more than one Batalion. 

The Residue of the Militia directed to be organix'Xi and 
detached by the Act of the 3d of Feby. last say 1500 infantry 
now stand detached from the Militia of this State in pursu- 
ance of that Law subject to any future requisition from the 
General Government. 

It was truly unfortunate that you could not accomplish the 
destruction of the Queen Charlotte as without the command 
of Lake Erie it is evident to every reflecting- mind, that no 
decent upon Upper Canada by way of ]\Ialdcn, can promise a 
favourable issue, and it will be madness in the extreme to put 
to hazard the best blood and interest of our country to attempt 
it until that event is effected, very many considerations might 
be urged in support of this opinion v/hich have no doubt oc- 
curred to you, and are unnecessary for me now to repeat. I 
fear however that the British are also constructing vessells 
of War and that when the Spring opens they will be able to 
counteract us upon the Upper Lakes. It is said by some of 
the prisoners taken at River Raisin that seventy ship carpen- 
ters were met on the way to Maiden by our men on their 
march to Fort George besides the enemy have many harbours 
of Vv'hich we know nothing and at which they may be erecting 
vessels of war, whose timber and etc. are at places entirely 
out of our reach or conception. 

The citizens of Kentucky feel a deep interest in the event of 
future operations against the enemy and I have no doubt if 
such measures for the reduction of Maiden was adopted, as to 
promise success to the enterprise that the inhabitants of this 
state would litterall.y rise in mass to effect its destruction, and 
revenge the massacre of our fellow-citizens. It would be the 
extreme of folly and madness to enter upper Canada with a 
force barely sufficient to effect the conquest of any particular 
place. Our force should be an imposing one aii army in which 
all would have confidence and success not less than from ten 
to fifteen thousand men — This would draw out men of talents, 
wealth, and influence, from whose exertions and enterprise 
everything might be expected that can be achieved by any 
set of men on earth. But my dear Sir, if our success is to 
d('])end on half measures such as have been too often experi- 

28— 22CG4 


cnced during the late campnigii, nothing more need be ex- 
pected from Kentucky tlian what will be coerced bj' the Law 
of the Land, 1 wish sincerely tliat tliis subject could ])c im- 
pres.sed, deeply impressed upon the mind of our beloved Pres- 
ident, that when he does invest you with power to make a 
d.'ccnt u])on Canada, that he would also authorize you to call 
for a force competent to the great object in view nor do I 
believe that any force ought to cross above until a sure foot- 
hold was obtained below to keep the enemy imployed in that 

Governor Edwards has recently informed me that he has 
obtained satisfactory information that the British agents are 
cxlcemi^ly busy about the Lake Michigan and that quarter. 
That Dixon is embodying the Indians and has artillery, mili- 
tary stores etc. at Chicago. The proximity of this place to 
I"\nt Wayne makes it highly probable that it will be an object 
of attack early this season and renders prudent every precau- 
tion which can be taken to strengthen and secure it. Should 
tlie savages with the aid of a few pieces of artillery once 
succeed in taking one of our forts, particularly as important 
an one as that of Fort Wayne it will add much to their Spirit, 
for enterprise and plunder, and give them a confidence in 
thiMi* own sti-englh which as yet they do not possess when 
bi'ought in contact with the more common fortifications. It 
\\ould also have a very alarming effect I fear upon our fron- 

WTthin a few weeks past several volunteer troops of six 
months cavalry have been raised and have reported them- 
selves to me and make applications for commissions and as 
yet I have not acted on them, not knowing that you v/ould 
want them. You will be pleased to notify me of your wishes 
on this subject and if it is desirable I will proceed to organize 
and connnission as many as may offer, or as you may suppose 
you may stand in need of. 

I have v>'ith considerable concern learned that the ]\Iilitia 
who served under you, have not received their pay. I do not 
know where the fault lies, nor that it will be in your power 
to i-emedy it, should it be, I know you will interpose with 
cheerfulness. I undei'stood that Mr. [Jesse] Hunt of Cin- 
cinati was by stipulation to have come to this state, and paid 
over the money to the Regime ntal paymasters but has failed 


to do so. I am also informed that the three Regiments of De- 
tached Militia who served under Genl. [Samuel] Hopkins are 
in a similar situation. I have to acknowledge the receipt of 
your several letters of the 11th 16th 18th and 24th covering 
your extensive correspondance with the Secretary at War. 
I am highly pleased with the views you have taken of our sit- 
uation, their general scope and tenor meet my entire appro- 

Accept my Dear Sir the Consideration of my high esteem 
and regard and remain Yr. Mo. Ob. Servt. 

Isaac Shelby 
General Williaim H. Harrison 

Com-manding the Northwestern Ariity 

Edvv^ards to Shelby 

Kaskaskia, (I. T.) March 22, 1813 

Niles' Register IV, H8 

A few days ago I transmitted to you important informa- 
tion relative to the British and Indians in the upper parts of 
this territory. An express yesterday brought me informa- 
tion that eighteen pieces of cannon and a British ofllcer had 
arrived at Prairie de Chien. The ice is now completely out of 
our rivers. Some spies that I sent up the Illinois river are 
returned, reporting that they saw too much Indian signs to 
proceed as high up as they were directed. The express states 
that an Indian was discovered a day or two past very near to 
Fort Russell — he evidently was a spy. 

I have melancholy presages of what is to happen in the coun- 
try, particularly at Prairie de Chien, or rather at the mouth of 
the Ouisconsing. Should the British take possession of that 
place, I need not point out to you the difficulty of retaking it, 
or the importance of it to them. By water we should have to 
ascend 700 miles, by land not less than 400. Seven thousand 
Indians may easily be assembled at that place. Last year, in 
time of peace, there were 3377 there in the months of April 
and May. The following facts, which you need not doubt, 
will shew its importance: goods can be carried there fi'om 
Montreal by the way of the Utawas river, more expeditiously, 
with less expense and more safety, than by way of the lakes. 
It is a fact that a canoe from Montreal by this route, arrived 


with clisi)aU]ics to a gentleman in Cahokia in 30 day^. On Jiis 
nlurn lie went in llie same canoe to I\Iakanac, by the Illi- 
nois ri\er and could thence have descended to I\Iontreal in 
nin(; days. The traders of ]\Iontreal have passed from lake 
8up':)-ior to the Llississippi, thence into the North V\"'est. and 
have been brought into collision with the Hudson Hay Coni- 
jsany. The British can easily push a trade up the 'olumbia 
live)-. And combining all these facts, a person tolerably ac- 
quainted with geography of the country, the nature of the fur- 
trade, the inducements v.'ith the North-west Company to retain 
it, and the evident policy of the British in supporting it, can 
have no doubt of their inducements to occupy the mouth of 
the Ouisconsing. 

These anticipations make me feel for my country's honor: 
certainly it must be destructive of its reputation to permit 
such plans to be realized. The point I have mentioned, once 
fortified, will be more difTlcult to take than ]Malden. I am well 
ai)prized of all the objections that may be made to these 
speculations, on the score of provisions ; but those who make 
them cannot know much of the supplies that can be furnished 
by the settlements of Green bay (where there is an elegant 
mercliant mill, fine farms, &c.) and Prairie de Chien itself. 

T never c-ould see the advantage of so great a struggle for 
Maldi-n. ^Montreal once taken, it would fall of itself; and one 
single expedition would drive to the I\Iississippi country all 
the Indians that ever had intercourse v/ith that place. It 
would not cut off the intercourse as has been supposed. 

Notwithstanding I have regularly communicated inforn.ia- 
tion which must have' shown what our situation would be ;.t 
this time, and notwithstanding our present difiPicultics, I a'li 
now as I v,-as last year, totally without any instructions, act- 
ing upon my own responsibility. I have had great success in 
raising volunteers fj'om the local militia; and neither they nor 
myself luive been idle. I again set out tomorrow for the 

[NiNiAN Edwards] 

Floyd to Gibson 

- ;■■-. - ' .•- K v^ Charles Town, ]\Iarch 21, 1S13 

Har. Pa. 27J,-~76 

Di:ar Sir: 

On the night of the twenty first about one o'clock at night 

*AJB»^aawiiitari*t iifti» tftlii* Wi^iCt«^pWiW.ll;iA-> 


I IukI informatioii that the Lidiaiis had attacked a house about 
7 miles from this phice and had kiHed and wounded several 
of the family I ai'ose tho in veiy ill health and at sun up was 
at the place with about twenty men. We found the owner of 
the liouse a Mr Huffman killed, his wife badly wounded and 
one of his daughters slightly wounded and a little boy his 
grandson, missing, the Indians had also killed two horses and 
stripped the saddle, and bridles off them and taken them off 
after a little examination \ye found a ti'ace made by horses and 
pursued it after a very forced march of about 20 miles came 
up with the Indians four in number, they had been detained 
crossing T^Iushkaqueteck which v^^as very high and when we 
came in sight 1 believe that they were just getting out of the 
I'iver on the opposite shore. I put spurs to my hors and be- 
foi-e they had time to mount was on the oposite bank say thirty 
0]- forty yards apart one of the Indians who was either more 
unwilling or more unable to leave the horses than the rest 
was in the act of picking up his little cloathing and before 
I was prepared to fire he had retreated say twenty steps he 
again halted and stooped down appearing to be trying to get 
on a mokison and while in that attitude I took deliberate aim 
at his body perfectly fair as soon as my gun fired he sprung 
to his feet and turned and walked off from all appearance un- 
able to run and where he had halted left one leggin his knap- 
sack with all his little trinkets, I immediately ordered such of 
the men as were riding the stoutest horses to plunge in and 
swim across but in doing so out of five who made the attempt 
(myself amongst the number) only two guns were dry and 
two of that number were like to be drowned upo]) attempting 
to pursue I found that they had scattered and made to poor 
dry ridges where they could not be tracked. The bottom of 
the crick was all covered with water and we could find no 
blood. After I shot I believe there were nine or ten others 
fired at the same fellows back and him ',\'alking ofi' before he 
got out of our gunshot. We brought in the horses and all the 
little plunder which they had. 
In great haste I am Respectfully 

Your Obedient Servant 

Davis Floyd 


Shelby to Harrison 

March 27tli, ISir. 

From Gorciio-r Is<uic Shclbii's "Leflcr Dnok A", 70 

Dr. Sir: 

1 have the honour to aclmowlodgc Llic receipt last evening 
of \oiu- favor of the 23rd inst., together with a copy of the 
letter of the Se::retavy of War of the 5th inst., to you and copy 
of your answer thereto also duplicate of your letter to me of 
the 12th inst.. Ou the 20th inst., I had the honour of answer- 
ing your letter of the 12th and of giving you some of my vievrs 
of liie (M-isuing campaign. On the same day I addressed a let- 
ter to tlie Secrc'tai-y at War on tlnit subject I inclose a copy 
of it for your information. 

In these letters you v/ill see tliat I have expressed in strong 
language my opini'.^.ss of the importance of urging a much 
stronger force for the invasion of upper Canada tlian is con- 
templated by the Secretary at War. I see no cause to change 
my opinions on this subject. It is to be hoped that our orders 
which will arrive near about the same time, strongly urgin 
tlie same measure and written without any interchange of 
ideas between us, may induce our venerable president to think 
din'ert-ntly on the subject should it not I have serious doubt 
of tlie issue of tlie campaign. 

It is extremely gratifying to me to learn that there is a 
prospect of our obtaining the command of Lake Erie and the 
waters above, the importance of this measure is incalcuable. 
I onl.N' v/onder that it was not sooner duly appreciated — v^ith 
the perfect command of the lakes and suflicency of v^atercrafi 
It does not seem to me very important where is the point of 
embarkation that it must be in part from the rapids I ha\(; 
!io doubt because the mih'tary stores &c., are alread:,- too far 
in advance to be taken to anothei' Point. I am not sunicienti>- 
ac'iuaintc^d with the Canada side of lake Erie to say whether 
it will be l)est to commence the attack below Maiden in pref- 
ei-ence to going round the head of the Lake. I am thoroughly 
convinced of the absolute necessity of a consido'able force of 
Cavalry or mounted Infantry in the advnnce without it you 
v/il! l.x- pe]'petu;dly hai'rassed by small parties of Indians who 
v>ill defy tlie pursuit of footmen— as they retreat singly that 
is each warrior at his own will and on his own force — and 


can only be pursued by a reguliu' force or the pursuit will al- 
ways be in danger of being- cut off. If this body of horse can- 
not with perfect safety be taken across the Lake the embarka- 
tion at Cleveland should in my opinion be given up. 

One advantage i-csulting from the plan of the Secretary at 
War will be that our preparatioiis will be much better masked 
and there will be a strong probability that you v/ould so far 
take them by surprise as to avoid the meeting of a very strong 
force befoi'e you readi ^Maiden, you would also in all probabil- 
ity stand a better c" mce to have an equal selection of the 
ground for a general action, should one be offered you, than 
if you were to go round the Lake — Should you on the other 
hand go round the head of the Lake & have a General action 
v:ith the British and Indians and gain a decided victory, it 
will in my opinion if well follovred up decide the Indian War 
and the fate of upper Canada, particularly if in the meantime 
the forces on the Niagra should make good their attack upon 
Fort George and the adjoining country — 

As much as I deprecate the mode of warfare pursued by 
the savages, I deem it indispensible that you should employ 
as many of those that remain friendly to us as you can, noth- 
ing but a clean ignorance of the true Indian character could 
induce a belief that they can be kept neutral, and if they 
could some will always be found among them who would carry 
news to our cr.emies, employ them and let them commit them- 
selves by acts of hostility and they will in their own defense 
be faithful to us, 

After the cold blooded masacre at Raison in violation of 
the solemn stipulation of a capitulation, to refrain from em- 
ploying them against the enemy out of refined ideas of human- 
ity would be folly in the extreme. Our enemy can never be 
taught the rules of civilized warfare but by retaliation. 

I feel also well satisfied that tlr'ough the number you will 
be able to engage they will be amongst the most valuable of 
your troops, and I am much mistaken if they will not be found 
as cheap as any other forces employed — But were that not 
the case ^ve must meet the enemy in his own mode of v/arfare 
if he is bountiful to the Indians on his side we must not be 
nigardly to those on ours. It is certainly more economical to 
pay say 500 warriors two prices than to have to pay the addi- 
tional troops which would be required were they to go over 
to the enemv. 


A considorable number of Cavahy and mounted Infantry 
can no doubt be raised and organized liere in a Short time, 
it will take a longer period to organize ordinary Infantry — 
and there can be no doubt but you will stand in need of thein 
I know not v>diat steps may be taking to raise the two Ohio 
Regiments spoken of by the Secretary at Wai^ in his letter to 
you as to the regiment to be raised in this State I am not yet 
informed that the appointments of any of the Officers have 
been made I am positive you need not calculate anything on it 
for certain by the middle of May, men cannot be so easily 
inlisted as to fill the ranks in less time than it took Congress 
to pass the bill. 

If you should be authorized to make a further call on the 
Executive of this State, I shall hold myself in readiness to raise 
and organize with the least possible delay the forces that may 
be required should it afford me an opportunity of seeing you 
personally, I shall my dear sir feel myself highly gratified. 

I received on last evening by Express a letter from Col 
[William] Russell of the 7th U. S. Regt. requesting my co- 
operation in a contemplated expedition against the Indians on 
the Wabash — as I forward by this mail a letter from Col. 
Russell to you brought by the express it will no doubt give 
you his views, a copy of my answer to him, I have the honour 
to enclose for your information. 

Isaac Shelby 
To General Wm. H. Harrison 

' - '^ . ' Harrison to Secretary op War 

. Headquarters CINCINNATI 27th March 1813 

', .■ : • -■ Har. Pa. 900-969 

(No. 47) ' ; 


I had the honor to receive your favor of the 7th Inst, [see 
above] on Tuesday last, and should have ansv/cred it by the 
return of the mail but was misinformed as to the time of its 

Those of the 15th and 17th [see above] arrived last evening. 
Had your letter of the 5tli been received before the measures 
foi' bringing out the Militia which I had requested from the 
State of Kentu( ky had ])rogressed so far that the day of Gen- 
eral Rendezvous had been ai»pointed and the men left their 


Homes, I should have requested Govr. Shelby to countermand 
the order for calHng them out altho I am well eonvined that 
if they are delayed four weeks we shall scarcely have a post 
remaining upon this frontier. The Militia which have been 
embodied from this state upon my last requisition are not 
sufficient to garrison the small posts. 

One of the Divisions furnished Forty instead of Two hun- 
dred and fifty men. 

In your letter of the 5th Inst. I am authorized to maintain 
or abandon the post at the Rapids of Miami as the o]i.e or the 
other may appear most proper under the circumstances which 
you mention. 

It could not be abandoned without sacrificing the Artillery 
and valuable stores which are there, and which no Human 
Means that I know of could bring off through the Swamps 
that soround that place at this Season, to attempt to bring 
them up the Miami and Auglaize Rivers would from the length 
of time that it would take, expose the Detachment escorting 
them to inevitable destruction. I had therefore no alternative 
but to maintain the post. It is safe from the attempts of the 
enemy untill Lake Erie is navigable and as long as the Vir- 
ginia and Pennsylvania Brigades of Militia remain there. On 
the 2d proximo, however the last of these Troops will be dis- 
charged. If it is not then strongly reinforced it will be in 
considerable danger. A smaller work would have been more 
def en sable. 

But I must confess that the Idea never occurred to me that 
the Government would be unwilling to keep in the field at least 
the semblance of an army of Militia until the regular Troops 
could be raised. A regular strong work calculated for Three 
or four hundred men could have been erected but with that 
force only at the Rapids there could be no possible impediment 
to the enemy in taking all the small Forts in the rear, except- 
ing McArthurs Findleys and Upper Sandusky wliicli are 
sorounded by a swamp. There are Three hundred Indian 
Warriors in the neighbourhood of Upper Sandusky (Wyajidots 
and a mixture of Delawares and Munsees). Their fiicndship 
towards us is by no means unequivocal. An army of ours in 
their front will ensure their neutrality, but that army dis- 
missed and a British and Indian force appearing amongst 
them nine tenths of these warriors would inevitably join them. 


The posts of Upper and Lo^vo^ Snncliislcy would fall and the 
vviiole frontier as far as Delaware at least, would be swept of 
its inhabitants. Further west in the immediate vicinity of 
Fort McArthur whore we have a large deposit of stores there 
are one or two hundred Shawanoes and a mixture of Iroquois. 
Their friendship for us is more to be depended on. But 
should the enemy appear in force a great part of the young 
men would certainly join them. Fort McArthur has not a 
man to defend it. Gov. Meigs sent there two companies called 
out for thirty days and they abandoned it at the expiration 
of that time. Still further v/est upon the Head of the Auglaize 
River is the large Shawanoe village of Wapochkonneta the 
chiefs of which, are altogether in our interest and may be re- 
lied upon. But the warriors like all others of their descrip- 
tion might be easily seduced. Near to the village of Piqua 
the Delav/ares to the amount of nine hundred souls and up- 
wards of two hundred warriors are encamped. Their chiefs 
are men of principle, but the greater part of their warriors 
are attached to the enemy and would join them whenever an 
opportunity offered. The disaffected can at any time they 
please communicate with the Hostile Indians. The posts of 
Wapockkanata Lorimers — St. Marys — Amanda — Jennings — 
BroMTi and Winchester (consisting of Block Houses, connected 
by pickets and having the immense supplies of provisions con- 
tained in the enclosed schedule) are immediately in the front 
of these people. Untill the arrival of the newly drafted Mili- 
tia from this state the force for the defence of all these posts 
consisted of eighteen invalid regulars and a weak and worth- 
less company of dismounted Rangers. As soon as Lake Erie 
is navigable the enemy could in six hours reach the post of 
the Miami Rapids or Sandusky bay with all their disposable 
force, and with any quantity of Artillery which they choose 
to bring. Admitting that the post at the Rapids could not 
have been taken (but what work with no greater natural ad- 
vantages than that possesses could long resist a superior force, 
with the immense train of battering Artillery which the enemy 
could with such facility bring to bear upon it) without an 
army there capable of opposing the enemy in the field, nothing 
could prevent them f]'om taking all our posts in the i-ear and 
I have before stated that they would find friends \hviv willing 
to assist them in all tlieir enterprises. It may be objected that 


Ui.> retaining the post at the Rapids was injudicious. I an- 
swer]- that at the time it was occupied I had the strongest liopes 
oi" being enabled to advance against Maiden and having gotten 
on tliere the artillery and stores when the ground was frozen 
llipy could not have been taken back, But there were many, 
\rr\- many, other considerations which determined me to re- 
l.-n'ii tluit ])osition. It is only necessary for me to mention 
one of tliem. The greater part of the supplies for the oper- 
ation of the ensuing season v\^ere placed upon the Auglaize and 
St. Marys. Those rivers arc navigable in the spring only. At 
that season they could be transported in boats to the Rapids 
for one-twentieth part of the expense which it would cost to 
take them by Land. Should the Rapids be abandoned they 
could not be reoccupied until the season for navigating the 
small rivers v/ould have passed. With this view of the sub- 
ject I could not hesitate (as I conceived that I possessed the 
P}"esidents authority for doing it) to call for a sufiicient num- 
ber of ]Militia to ensure an effective force at the Rapids of from 
hiteen hundred to two thousand and I regret that I have not 
the power of calling for as many more men effectually to cover 
Foit Wayne and the other posts in that direction. For the 
former I entertain great apprehensions. In a letter addressed 
to Colo. Monroe in January last, I explained the facility, with 
which an attack upon that place may be made from Chicago. 
I flid not believe however that there would be much danger, 
until Lake Michigan was navigable but if the information 
[x\lar. 22 above] received by Govr. Shelby from Govr. Ed- 
wards is correct, it may be invested much earlier. I have v/ith 
the army two Capts. of Engineers (one of them Capt. 
[Charles] Gratiott) has been ill for many weeks, Captain 
[Eleazer Derby] Wood was sent to improve the work at Lower 
Sandusky. I shall order him immediately to Fort Wayne for 
the same purpose. The latter was once a strong i-egular work 
a fatal and false econimy caused it to be destroyed and a small 
picketted v/ork substituted. 

The order to the Q. blasters and Commissarys for the set- 
tling their accounts has been given; the measure is no doubt 
a proper one altho the high character of the principals of those 
Departments is a warrant for the correctness of their conduct. 

The pack Horses which were uiifit for service have been 
sold. The rest together with those purcha.sed for the Artillery 


tsa%'c !>oi-n ])laccd in situations where they can be cheaply fed 
\<) Vivrwli. This direction was given before I received your 
loiter inlorniin^ me that means were taken to obtain the naval 
-.u!Krio)'iiy upon Lake Erie. As I am still apprehensive that 
\v=< may fail in tliat desirable object, the Horses Vvill be kept 
iiS liuy arc until your further order is received. 

Thr construction which is put upon the last law raising the 
p.\y of tiu' Troops excludes the volunteers vrhich were in serv- 
jre before the 31st of December last from its benefits. Noth- 
snj? could be more galling to the feelings of this small but 

• iatriuiic and gallant band than such a distinction. A com- 
l»;usy or ivaop of this description are in the same camp with 
mhc of Regulars and one of Militia. The former enlisted at 
tho ^.lUiH" time vrith the volunteers and perform duty in com- with tliem, yet the services of the regulars are considered 
.'.s wortit three dollars per month more than the volunteers, a 

• ju?*,jiari.son with the situation of the IMilitia is still more 
.vJiou.^ to the volunteers. The former have been forced into 
?-rrvice for six months, the latter have entered voluntarily for 
i-,vcivc-- under these circumstances the volunteers will con- 
lin\n* to do their duty but I greatly fear that the zeal and 
ar\|<jur for which they were remarkable will be found to have 
k'l-JsUy abated if not entirely fled. 

1 have the lionor to bo with great respect Yr. Hb. Servt 

WiLLM. Henry HarrisOxN 
Hoi.bk? John AtIxMstrong, Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
/ . ■ ■ • Head Quarters Cincinnati 28th March 1813 

''■■"■" ' ' Har. Pa. Q77-9S2 

Frivate. . ;. 

I iiave thought it my duty to enclose you a Letter just re- 
finvfcl from <;ovr. Shelby, [see March 27, above] I am well 
coFiviru-cd that the sentiments it contains are common to the 
wliolo western country, and that they will not only affect calls 
U-:T militia, wliiL-li (1,0 Governor may make both as to the num- 
;'- '>i ajid quality of the men, but will have great and unfriendly 
mfluence upon the recruiting of the 12 months Regulars. , In 
Hie bi-lief that the government is about to employ a smaller 


force against Canada than tliat of the enemy would justify 
in raising the contemplated Regiments vre shall have not 
to contend with thic clamor of the usual opposers of the ad- 
ministration, but the tenderness of parents and even a false 
patriotism itself will be strenuously exerted, to prevent the 
youth of the country from going into what is termed certain 
destruction. It i impossible that the impolicy of relying upon 
IMilitia, for the prosecution of the war, can be more strongly 
impressed upon the mind of any person than it is upon mine. 
If I had had tvro thousand regular troops, after the defeat 
of Genl. Winchester instead of four thousand ]\Iilitia vre should 
at this moment have been in possession of Llaiden and the 
fleet of the enemy. But IMilitia can only be employed with 
effect, to accomplish a single distinct object, which will require 
little time and not much delay, on the way. We last year com- 
mitted errors, which has cost the nation enormous sums. 
Thousands of men were hurried to the field before it was rec- 
ollected that they would require subsistence, ammunition and 
artillery. We have now everything of this kind in abundance. 

The object is distinctly before us there is no necessity for 
those delays which evaporate the spirit of men, who cannot 
remain long from their families and which causes such heavy 
drafts upon the public funds. 

We can fix the day when our operations shall commence. 
Not a moment need be lost. Not a day paid for but what is 
employed in actual service. I have often stated to the Gov- 
ernment that in the invasion of Upper Canada the acfval force 
of the enemy will be in an inverted ratio to ours : if we are 
weak they will be strong, if Vv'e are strong their actual strength 
will diminish, in proportion to the opinion which the Indians 
may have of the dificulty of resisting us. The present ap- 
pearances upon our frontier are well calculated to inspire con- 
fidence in the hostile Indians. It is decidedly my opinion that 
the employment of a large force would not only be most cer- 
tain, but in the end most econnomical. I do not think that the 
Regular troops contemplated to be raised in the western coun- 
try can be procured. There is at any rate no other way of 
getting them than by suffering it to be made public that sucli 
a force will be employed as v/ill give universal confidence. 1 
think that authority ought to bo given to employ volunteer 
corps of every description many of them can be procured 


which would agree to serve forty or fifty days after their a]-- 
rival at the Rapids who would care nothing for pay. Let a 
considerable army advance from the Rapids towai'd IMalden 
and the Indians who may not have joined the British standard 
will suspend their operations against our frontiers until they 
see the result. The command of the Lakes will give facility 
to our operations, and the expense of the vessels v»'ill nearly 
be paid for by the saving in land transportation. I greatly 
however fear that the naval superiority upon the upper Lakes 
will not be obtained and if it is not, what will be our situation 
unless we are prepared to take the other course. In my offi- 
cial letter I have observed, that if I had the power I would 
can out the ballance of the Three thousand men which have 
been organized in Kentucky for the protection of Fort Wayne 
etc. I will only add that if any disaster happens to any of the 
posts for the want of troops to protect them, the popularity 
of the administration in the western country will receive a 
shock [from] which it will never recover. 

Nothing is so painful as to be obliged to denounce an In- 
dividual and yet I should not do my duty If I were not to rec- 
ommend that the accounts of Mr. [Joseph] Wheaton an Asst. 
Dp. Q. Mr. be most critically examined. He expended thirteen 
or fourteen thousand dollars in bringing on the part of the 
artillery and stores from Pittsburgh to U. Sandusky and I 
cannot conceive how it could cost half the sum 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir Yr. Hb. Svt 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honbl. John Armstrong, Esq. Secy, of War 

Gibson to Secretary of War 

ViNCENNES Marh 31st, 1813 

Har. Pa. 271-273 


Since I last had the honor of addressing you upon the sub- 
ject of the removal of Fort Knox, I have had the disagreeable 
moi'lification of suffering the grossest insult I ever experienced 
in my life. Understanding that the greater part of the timber 
necessary for the erection of the Fort, was brought down here, 
and receiving an intemation that Lieut. Tho. H. Richardson 
of the U. S. Troops, intended to assume to himself the author- 


ity of fixing upon the scite, I informed him by a note in writ- 
ing that so soon as 1 was notified by him that the necessary 
timber was brought to Vincennes I would then fix upon and 
inform him of the site inclosing him at the same time a Copy 
of the Honrablc the late Secretary of War's letter to me au- 
thorizing the removal of Fort Knox to or near this place. But 
notvrithstanding this condescention on my part this young 
Gentlemen has taken upon himself not onlj'' without my con- 
sent but contrary to my opinion to commence the building of 
the Fort and that too in the most disadvantageous and useless 
place in or adjacent to the whole town. 

I presume Sir, that this young man would not have assumed 
the authority and evinced the barefaced affontery of the erec- 
tion of the Fort without having previously consulted me had 
it not been owing to the malicious council of Capt. [Ambrose] 
Whitlock and a Mr. Butler. I disdain complaining in the gen- 
eral but when a circumstance so malicious and disrespectful 
as the above and which I am convinced is intended not only as 
an insult upon myself but the Government I think myself 
measurable bound to communicate it to you. Whilst upon this 
subject Sir, permit me to relate another part of Lieut Richard- 
son conduct, one which proves a great degree of vreakness or 
venality. Last fall when Fort Harrison was beseiged by the 
Indians and Col. [William] Russell had hastily marched for 
its relief It became necessary to forward provisions not only 
for the Col.'s forces but also for the Garrison and the Con- 
tractor was dispatching a number of waggons under an Es- 
cort of one hundred and thirty odd men furnished by me. In 
a conversation with I\Ir. Richardson upon the subject of for- 
warding supplies to fort Harrison I informed him of this cir- 
cumstance and advised him to take advantage of this oppor- 
tunity if he had any stores to forward — he promised me he 
would but suffered the opportunity to slip by and a few days 
afterwards came to me and informed me that he intended to 
send off a Mr. Black and his Waggon under and Escort of a 
Sargeant and twelve men. I disuadcd him from the measure 
observing to him that times were extremely dangerous, the 
guard very small and that in my opinion they stood a great 
chance of being cut off. The result proved the correctness 
of my advice. The Escort were completely defeated with the 
loss of seven killed and one or two wounded the waggon cut 


to pieces and all the public property destroyed by tlie Indians. 
Ui\ Black (a private citizen of this Territory) \vet lying out 
of deserved remuneration for his losses and services and drove 
to a suit against this Lieut Richardson which is now depend- 
ing in our General court. ■ Upon the arrival of Col. Russell 
here (a few days since) I informed him of the Conduct of 
Lieut Richardson and Ui\ Butler to which the Col. replied he 
would arrest them provided I would prefer charges against 
them, to this I answered that I would not, but that I would 
refer the matter to you. The Indians are extremely trouble- 
some to the citizens upon our frontier. One man has been 
recently killed and others wounded near Vellonea. another 
(a W. Huffman) killed a part of his family wounded an a part 
supposed to be taken prisoners within seven miles of Charles 
Town. A succinct [account] of which you will find in the in- 
closed letter [see Mar. 24 above] to which I beg leave to refer 
you. A barge loaded with supplies for Fort^ Harrison was 
the other day attacked by a pretty considerable party of In- 
dians within six miles of the Fort (in ascending) and defeated. 
One of the hands killed and a number wounded. The boat 
and ballance of the crew have returned to this place. Today 
two other boats have been dispatched by Col. Rusell for Fort 
Harrison under a strong Escort and tomorrow he sends off a 
party of one hundred and odd Rangers by land for the same 
place. A part of those rangers are those who have lately ten- 
dered me their services of which there is one companv'from 
this county (Knox) and one other from Jefferson. By an 
Act of the last Session of the Legislature of this Territory the 
Seat of Government is to be removed to Corydon. The Gov- 
ernor and Secretary are by the same law permitted to reside 
wherever they please in the Territory. I shall reside in Jeff er- 
sonville where I shall of course keep my office. 
I have the honor to be Sir 

Your devoted Humble Servant 
Hon. John Armstrong Sect, of War '^^"^ Gibson 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters CinciNxNati 30 I\Iarch 1813 

Sir.* Har. Pa. 9S3, SSIt 

I have just received letters from the I\Iiami Rapids inform- 
ing me of the determination of the Virginia and Pennsylvania 


Militia that are now there, to leave that place the very mo- 
ment that their time of service expires even if the troops 
destined to relieve them should not have arrived. The dis- 
agreeable circumstances of one of our men having been taken 
by the enemy will apprize them of the situation of the post 
and will I fear induce them to undertake some enterprise 
against it before it can be reinforced. I have determined 
tb.erefore to set out early tomorrow for Camp ]\Ieigs by the 
way of St. ]\Iarys Colo. [John] IMiller with about 120 Regulars 
and 80 militia of the state will I hope be ready to descend the 
Auglaize the day after tomorrow in boats and will arrive at 
the Rapids in three days — there are also about 180 of the 
Ohio militia building boats at Fort Findlay about 44 miles 
from the Rapids and 150 of these have been ordered to pro- 
ceed thither immediately. 

A company of the Kentucky ^Militia reached Ne\\TDort yes- 
terday and others will arrive in a day or two. Having a num- 
ber of Pack Horses in the neighbourhood I have determined 
to employ them to expedite the I\Iarch of a few of those com- 
panies by assigning one of them to every two men. 

I\Iy uneasiness at the situation of Camp [Meigs is greatly 
increased from the state of the weather for some time past 
which will render Lake Erie navigable much earlier than 
usual. The Indians have connnenced their depredations nearly 
all round the frontiers. The people are much alarmed. I 
must take the liberty again of stating my belief that it will 
be necessary to call out the remaining part of the jNIilitia that 
have been organized for service in Kentucky and that they 
be marched in the direction of Fort Wa3me advanced of St. 
Marys where they can be supported easily and when they will 
overawe the Indian tribes in that quarter and protect our de- 
posits of provisions, as well as cover the Frontiers. 

I am with great Respect Sir Yr. Humble Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. The Secretary of War 

Tipton to Gibson 

April, [1?] 1813 

Cockrum, Pioneer History Indiana, 372 

Since I have had command of the militia on the borders of 
Harrison and Clark counties, the Indians have caused us much 



trouble and murdered a number of citizens on tlie frontiers 
of these counties, all of which I have reported to Colonel 
[Robert] Evans; but in order that you may understand the 
situation, I have directed this letter to you. 

On the 18th of March one man was killed and three others 
wounded near this place (Valonia). [see INIarch 24 above] 
At that time I was not there. On my arrival I took twenty- 
nine men and went up to Drift river, twenty -five miles, and 
here found a party of Indians on an island in the river. In 
a skirmish of twenty minutes, I defeated them, killed one and 
saw others sink in the river, and I believe if any made their 
escape by swimming, they lost their guns. I lost no men. 
[See Apr 12, 1814 below] 

On the sixteenth inst. two men were killed and one wounded 
southwest eight miles of this place and a number of horses 
were stolen. I immediately took thirty men and followed them 
three days. We had five large creeks to raft and many to 
wade and every day rain fell. The third day I directed my 
spies to march slowly. The Indians' horses were showing e^i- 
dences of fatigue, and I thought it best not to overtake them 
until night; but contrary to my orders, they came up with 
one Indian who had stopped to fix his pack and fired at him. 
The other Indians were but a little in advance and they all left 
their horses and plunder. The ground being hilly, we could 
not overtake them. Had it not been for my orders being dis- 
obeyed, I would have been able to have killed or captured them 
in their camp that night. As they went out they passed Salt 
creek and there took an old trail directly for Delaware town, 
and it is my opinion that while the government was support- 
ing one part of that tribe, the others were murdering our 
citizens. It is much to be desired that these rascals, of what- 
ever tribe they may be harbouring about their town, should 
be routed. This could be done with one hundred mounted men 
in seven days. 

If there is not an effective measure taken to guard this 
place, all of Clark and Harrison Counties will break. It is 
rumored here that when the rangers come out, the militia will 
be dismissed. If so, our case is a dangerous one, as it is hard 
for mounted men to range through the swamps and back- 
waters of Driftwood and Muscackituck rivers, as they have 
been for most of the season more than a mile wide, by reason 


,,.f !u\v, niar.sliy bottoms which overflow, and many times three 
i4?al four miles wide. The Indians come in and secrete them- 
?;t Ives in some liiffh ground surrounded by water and by the 
hiip of bark canoes, come in and do mischief and until I came 
«njl, m-ver could be found. Since I came they have made two 
attrmi)ts to tiike off the horses. The first time, on the 12th 
in St., I look all their horses but one. The last time I took all 
aiui still followed them with footmen. The last time we lived 
three days on a little venison, without bread or salt, and I 
believe if thei'e are to be rangers, there should be spies of 
young and hardey footmen, who can lay and scout through 
the swamps and thickets as the Indians do; then we will be 
secure, not else. I have been constantly out for the last eight 
days on foot, wading and rafting the creeks. I have seen 
many signs of Indians, such as camps where they have lain, 
and killed hogs and cattle to live on, and many canoes to ap- 
proiK l» our settlements, and I am conscious if you had not 
ordered out the additional company and made those excellent 
r.rrangements of the ninth of February, [see Feb 9 and 17 
al>ove] all of this frontier would have been murdered ere now. 
Tluj citizens are living between hope and despair, wating to 
know their doom. 

[John Tipton] 

Recruiting in Kentucky 

Georgetown (Ky.) April 1. 1813 

Niles' Register IV, 116 

Mounted Regiment : The most flattering accounts are re- 
ceived from various quarters that the mounted regiment (to 
bo commanded by R. ]\L Johnson) is rapidly filling its ranks. 
This suits Kentuckians. In the old war, they were all carried 
to the enemy on horseback. They are prejudiced in favor of 
a corps of this description. All seem to be aroused — men 
above 45, and boys under 18 years of age, are volunteering, 
anxious for an opportunity to avenge the blood of their 
slaughtered fj-iends. 

Capt. [William] Dudley,^ of Frankfort, passed through this 
place, on Tuesday night, with 122 as respectable, as brave and 
as fine volunteers, as any country ever produced, destined for 

1. William Dudley was a native of Spotlsylvanla Co., Va., but was then living In 
Fayette Co., Ky. He was killed at Fort Meigs. 


the Rapids. We will venture to assert, that captain Dudley 
and his patriot band will give a good account of themselves 
when attacked by the enemy, they will leave their mark. 

Lexington, March 30. Yesterday Col. Dudley's regiment 
of Kentucky volunteers was paraded in this town, and are 
expected to march in a few days on NewiDort. 

The men appear to be cheerful and animated and inspired 
with the purest feelings of patriotism. With pride we men- 
tion that several who served on the last campaign have again 
volunteei'ed their services. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 3rd, 1813 

Ha/r. Pa. 6^-66 


Your dispatch of the 17th ultimo [see Mar. 17 above] from 
Chilicothe has been received and I hasten to repeat to you 
the views of the President in relation to the next campaigii 
and the injunctions growing out of these, with regard to the 
employment of Militia. 

Our first object is to get a command of the lakes. Means 
to accomplish this object have been taken, and we have the 
fullest assurance that by the 1st day of June it will be accom- 

This fact assured, there can be no longer a doubt by what 
means or by what Route, the Division of the Army assigned 
to you, ought to approach Maiden. A passage by water will 
carry you directly to the Fortress you would attack without 
impairing your strength by fatigue, or diminishing it by bat- 
tle. A passage by land will on the other hand call for great 
efforts and expose you to great losses, which if they do not 
destroy, will at least cripple you. The former will be easy, 
safe and economical, the latter difficult, dangerous and enor- 
mously expensive. 

On the other supposition, that we fail to obtain the com- 
mand of the Lake, a new question will arise — whether the 
campaign shall take an offensive or defensive character? Be 
this question determined as it may, the utmost extent which 
will be given to the force employed, will be seven thousand 

Various reasons determine this point. The enemy have 


never had in the field for the defence of Maiden more than 
two thousand men. Their number has no doubt been hitherto 
limited by their means of subsistence and this cause is not 
likely to suffer any very material change in their favor, dur- 
ing the ensuing campaign. More than seven thousand men 
therefore would be unnecessary on our part. Again, to main- 
tain a greater number would be impracticable, in the present 
state of the Treasury. 

It now remains only to signify to you clearly and distinctly 
the kind of force the Government mean hereafter to employ 
in offensive operations, if it can be obtained. 

When the Legislature at their last session adopted the meas- 
ure of augmenting the Army to fifty-two Regiments of the 
Line, it was expressly in the view of superseding hereafter 
the necessity of employing militia, excepting in moments of 
actual invasion. In obedience to this policy the President as- 
signed to the 8th military District of the United States, four 
of these new Regiments, which if filled, and super-added to 
the two Regiments of the line now in that District, and the 
24th in march for it, will give a total of seven regiments or 
seven thousand men. This number forbids the belief, that any 
employment of Militia drafts will be necessary, when it shall 
have been collected. Till however this be done, or at least 
till time be given for the experiment, so many militia only 
are to be called out as shall be necessary for the defense of 
your posts on the Miami and of your depots of provision on 
the Lake, and should the recruiting service go on less fortu- 
nately in the patriotic states of Kentucky and Ohio than in 
other parts of the Union, you are in that case, and in that 
case only, authorized to call out as many militia drafts, as will 
make good the deficiency — and organizing these under the 
rules already prescribed, await the farther orders of the Presi- 
dent in your camp at the Rapids. 

To these orders I have to add that you will regard it as your 
duty to keep this Department regularly and frequently in- 
formed of the actual condition of the Troops under your com- 
mand as well in regard to equipment and supplies of provi- 
sion and ammunition as to numbers, discipline and health and 
that your weekly and monthly reports shall include also the 
state of the Ordnance and Quarter Master's Departments, 
noting particularly the number of Horses and oxen employed 



by both. You will readily perceive the necessity for giving 
this order, when I state that no return of any description from 
your Division of the Army has ever been received at the Adju- 
tant General's Office. Your proportion of the new staff has 
been given to you. Captain [Nathaniel F.] Adams has been 
appointed Assist. Adjutant General, and :\Ir. [John C] Bart- 
lett Deputy Qr. Master General of your division. The Briga- 
dier Generals [Duncan] McArthur and [Le\\as] Cass are 
employed in superintending the Recruiting Service. A letter 
from the latter gives reason to believe that this will go on 
well in the State of Ohio. 
I^Iajor General Harrison 

Shelby to Harrison 

Apl. 4th, 1813 

J. ^ ^'^0'*^^ Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A", 75 

I received two letters [see .Alar. 22 above] yesterday from 
Governor Edwards of Illinois, the information they contained 
being of the most serious and alarming nature. I do mvself 
the honour to enclose herewith copies of them, to apprise vou 
ot the strides which are making by the British evidentlv with 
a view to future conquest. 

You are no doubt well aware of the importance which the 
i^ost at Prairie Duchim ^^^ill give to their arms as it respects 
the numerous tribes of savages to the west of the Mississippi 
who heretofore have felt but little inducements to enter into 
the war on either side. 

It is a misfortune that the representation of Gov. Edwards 
made last year have not been duly appreciated, It will now 
require ten times the force that might have established a post 
by our Government at Prairie Duchin & thereby have broken 
mat Cham of water communication from the Lakes to the 
western ocean, which I fear we shall not be able to wrest from 
tne enemy and they know too well the great value of the Ter- 
ritory to the north of it to surrender it to us on a General 
reaco without a concession on our part of more value to them. 

1 saw one of the Regiments of the Lake brigade which 
marched from this State to join you— except two companies, 
great part of them too men under size and in other respects 
hardly Kentuckians. You must have a different kind of troops 


to meet the enemy on the field, but while an opinion is enter- 
tained in Kentucky that the Government is going on in too 
small a scale to meet the enemy, the better kind of people who 
are able to send a substitute will not go themselves to fight a 
battle which promises nothing but defeat and disgrace, and 
unless you shall have a discretion to call out a force which you 
!nay deem sufficient and of every description of Troops suffi- 
cient by their numbers to insure success, you need hardly ex- 
pect a man from Kentucky upon any future draft who is able 
to send a substitute in his room and of all others an army of 
raw substitutes are least proper to meet an enemy of well 
disciplined troops flanked by strong bodies of Indians. The 
defeat of St. Clair and many others I Could mention will jus- 
tify this opinion, I wish my voice could reach the ear of our 
good President and induce him to call General Wilkinson to the 
command of our North Eastern Army, his talents and experi- 
ence would open a seam both in the field and in the war de- 
partment of a different aspect from what has yet been con- 
ceived by any one before him. 

^'*' ^'- ISSAC SHELBY 

To General Wm. H. Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 8th 1813 

Ott>. Hot. Pa. 60 

I have received the two letters you did me the honor to 
write to me on the 27th and 28th ult. [see above] In a for- 
mer letter you had stated that a number of Boats were build- 
ing under your direction. I send you the inclosed extract 
from a letter written by Major [Thomas Sidney] Jessup of 
the 19th Regt. now at Cleveland. If the number he has con- 
tracted for be more than will be wanted, (calculating those 
you are building at other points) you will be pleased to give 
him that information, in time to enable him to lessen the num- 

Some portion of your last requisition upon the Ohio militia, 
ought to be placed at those points on the Southern shore of the 
Lake, which will be most likely to invite the attacks of the 

Major General Wm. H. Harrison. 


Harrison to Gov. Shelby 

Head Quarters Fort Amanda on tlie Auglaise River 

9th April 4 o'clock A. ^I. [1S13] 

Har. Pa. 993-995 

Dear Sir: 

Altho I have reason to believe that the povv^er formerly given 
to me to call upon the Executive of the adjacent states and 
Territories for Detachments of Militia is considered by the 
Secretary of War as being annuled yet such is my view of 
the critical situation of our affairs in the country that I am 
induced to request your Excellency to take such measures as 
you may judge most effectual and speedy to send me a rein- 
forcement of at least fifteen hundred men. The season is 
scarcely sufficiently advanced to afford wild food for horses 
but as we have a considerable quantity- of forage at some of 
the advanced posts I must request you to dispatch immedi- 
ately the Regt. of Mounted Riflemen commanded by the 
Honble. R. M. Johnson or such part of it as may be raised 
without waiting for the infantry. Should the Government 
not think proper to authorize the employment of the latter vou 
^vill receive notice of it before they can have arrived at \he 
General Rendezvous as I have already written on the subject 
and I am persuaded that neither your Excellency nor the ofn- 
cers and men who may be called out will regret the trouble vou 
will have on this occasion should it even prove ultimatelv to 
produce no advantage. 

From the information received yesterday it is very evident 
that the enemy intended to attack the post at the Miami Rap- 
ids They have been apprised of the reduced state of the 
troops there and calculate upon an easy conquest. I have 
been obliged to dispatch for its protection the Squadron of 
Dragoons and have now with me about 300 men which is all 
that I could possibly take from the protection of the posts on 
this line. Indeed one of them is left to the protection of the 
Friendly Indians with only a sergeant and 3 men of ours. I 
shall embark in one hour in a boat and perogues and calculate 
on reaching the Rapids tomorrow night. I am informed by 
Major [Amos] Stoddard who commands at Camp IMeigs that 
the Indians are in force on the Rivers between Fort Win- 
chester and the former. 


Without a very considerable addition to my present force it 
will be impossible to defend the extensive line of weak posts 
on the frontier and maintain that at the Rapids. The enemy 
have a single point only to defend, their forces are concen- 
trated, they command the lake & can take their troops to any 
point they think proper to attack with a great facility. Our 
movements on the contrary are necessarily laborious and 
tardy & not knowing on which of our numerous and vulner- 
able points the storm is to fall it is necessary upon every 
military principle that our force should be treble theirs; at 
present it is inferior, 

I have the honor to be with great Respect Sir Yr. Obt. 
& Hbl. Servt. 

(Signed) W. H. Harrison 
His Excellency Isaac Shelby, Esqr. Governor of Kentucky 
True Copy L. Hukills, A. D. Camp 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 49.) 

Head Quarters N. W. Army Camp Meigs (Miami Rapids) 

[About April 15, 1813] 

Har. Pa. 9 85-9 S 8 


I arrived here on the morning of the 12th Inst. [April] 
having decended the Auglaize and Miami Rivers with all the 
Troops that I darst take from the Forts in that direction. 
Major [Amos] Stoddard who commanded here for some days 
previously to my arrival informed me that he had communi- 
cated to the Adt. General some recent information he had re- 
ceived respecting the designs of the enemy upon this post. I 
have no reason to doubt the correctness of the accounts he had 
received, indeed they are corroborated by a number of cir- 

I found on my arrival here that Genl. Leftwitch had done 
little or nothing towards completing the defences of the post. 
Major Stoddard had however employed himself very actively 
after the command had devolved upon him and since my ar- 
rival the whole of the troops have been engaged in finishing 
the old works and erecting new ones. Amongst the latter are 
an earthern Parapet (nearly completed) round the whole 


Camp and several new Sod Batteries in addition to those 
wliich were laid do-\vn in the plan which I had the honor to 
forward. A Grand Traverse across the whole Camp and a 
few additional counter Guards vrill render all the efforts of 
the enemy unavailing. I pledge myself to defend it to the last 
extremity. Today or tomorrow I shall be reinforced by a part 
of the Kentucky Troops. The whole must be considerably ad- 
vanced and will shortly join me. As the enemy are Imown to 
have several parties of Indians out for the purpose of inter- 
cepting the mail and may very probably suceed altho it is 
guarded by a detachment of dragoons I shall wait for a safer 
opportunity which will occur in a few days to communicate 
some further information. When the Law for raising 12 
months volunteers was in force I authorized I\IcFarland to 
raise a company of Artillery having been furnished with blank- 
commissions for that purpose. He had recruited thirty men 
before the law was repealed and having expended a good deal 
of money and manifested much zeal for the service I prom- 
ised him a Captaincy in one of the new Regiments. I shall be 
gratified to have this promise fulfilled. I believe him to be 
worthy of the appointment. 

I have received no letter from you later than the 17th ultimo. 

I have the honor to be with gi'eat respect Sir Yr. Ob. Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Ilonble John Armstrong, Esq. Secy, of War. 

(No. 50) 

Rarrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Camp Meigs 17th April 1813 

Har. Pa. 9 S 9-9 9 2 


I must beg you to believe that I would not disobey any order 
of yours unless I was sure that my doing so would meet your 
approbation when you should be informed of all the circum- 
stances that produced such disobedience. Nothing can be more 
proper than the regulations contained in your letter of the— 
[13?] ulto. on the subject of calling out the Militia and Yet 
such was my view of the critical situation of our affairs in this 
quarter that I have been obliged to accept of companies from 
the State of Ohio that do not contain more than forty men. 
Indeed there is scarcely one with more than half the comple- 


ment. As soon however as I can get them together and con- 
sult Govr. Meigs they shall be consolidated. I have the honor 
to enclose a copy of my letter to Gov. Shelby of the 9th Inst, 
[see above] Having written to you before on the subject of 
calling out those Troops There will be time enough to in- 
struct the Governor should it be determined that they are not 
to be employed before they can be put in motion. 

The enemy have not yet made their appearance but from 
the information received through the ^^'yandotts of Sandusky 
they are collecting a large force for the attack of this or some 
other of our posts. 

John S. Wills Esq. Judge Advocate to the Army will set out 
tomorrow for Franklinton. I have mentioned some particu- 
lars to him which I did not ^^ish to conmiit to paper and he 
will have the honor to communicate them by letter from that 
place or Upper Sandusky. 

When I arrived here I was informed by IMajor [Amos] 
Stoddard that he had written to the Ajdt. Genl. and given 
him all the intelligence which he had received of the Move- 
ments and intentions of the enemy. I have since learnt how- 
ever that he forgot to mention that the British had lately 
launched at ]\Ialden a vessel carrjang Eighteen gims which 
was completely equipped and ready for a voyage and that an- 
other of the same size was nearly ready to be launched. 

The difficulty of procuring proper persons for scouts (spies 
they are called in the western country) and the verj^ 
exorbitant price which they demand has made it necessary 
to employ some of the friendly Indians for that purpose. I 
have now with me about Thirty and have promised them fifty 
cents per day. Altho there is no Law authorizing this I in- 
tended to pay them out of the fund which Government has 
always put at my disposal for extra presents and which yearly 
amounts to a much larger sum than will be given them. The 
Agent Mr. [John] Johnson will have directions to draw for 
their compensation in this way. If there were no other rea- 
sons for the emplojanent of the friendly Indians the confidence 
in their fidelity which it gives to our ovra people upon the 
frontiers makes it absolutely necessary. I have been under 
very great apprehensions that some scoundrels in the neigh- 
borhood of Piqua would fall upon the Delawares. 

A few of our people and Twenty Indians are now out in the 



direction of the River Raisin for the purpose of taking a 
prisoner to gain information. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Yr. Ob. Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honble John Armstrong, Esq. Secy, of War. 

Shelby to Harrison 

April 18th, 1813 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A", 96 

Dr Sir : 

On the 15th inst., while at mj^ farm in Lincoln, I had the 
honour of receiving your letter of the 9th inst., [see above] 
making a requisition on me for a reinforcement of at least 
fifteen hundred men and desiring in particular the Regiments 
of mounted men commanded by R. I\I. Johnson, Esq. 

I immediately started for this place which I reached in the 
course of the next day and that afternoon issued orders for 
the rendezvous at George Town on the 2nd day of IMay of the 
two remaining regiments of the detached militia of this State, 
to march from thence without delay to your Head Quarters. 

These Regiments having been raised under a Law which 
vests me with the discretionary power of ordering them in 
the service whenever the exigiencies of the War might in my 
opinion require, I felt no difficulty in ordering them out under 
the critical posture of our affairs in your quarters as repre- 
sented in your letter — Having a confidence however that the 
measure would be sanctioned by the president of the United 
States or if not that I should receive notice of his disappro- 
bation in time to stop their march before they left the limits 
of the State — 

I have received no communications from the president of 
the U. S. nor from the Secy, at War, relative to the authority, 
said to be given to Mr. Johnson to raise a Regiment of 
mounted Infantry, newspaper publication is all I have seen 
on that Subject — 

I do not know what law that Regt. is said to be raised under, 
nor its object. And I have no reason to believe that it is or- 
ganized. Indeed the State Constitution forbids the appoint- 
ment of a member of Cong-rcss to any office of Trust or Profit 
under its authority — The Federal Constitution is equally cau- 


tioiis as to their holding any office- under the General Govern- 

Under existing circumstances I could therefore take no no- 
tice of the mounted Riflemen. 

I flatter mj'self that with, the forces under your command 
you will be able to maintain your ground against any force 
that the enemy can bring against you, until you are reinforced 
so as to enable you to commence Offensive measures. 

I am Dr Sir &c., 

Isaac Shelby. 
To General Harrison 

P. S. You have said nothing to me in your letter about an 
assurance of pay to the men ordered to your assistance. It 
will certainly be expected, and it is much to be wished that 
they may receive it. Should this reach you in time I hope you 
will give orders that at least one month's pay be advanced to 
them before they leave Cincinnati. I. S. 

Secretary op War to Harrison 

War Department April 18th 1813 

Hoa: Pa. 67 


Enclosed is an order recalling Brig. General [Duncan] Mc- 
Arthur to the discharge of the duties to which he had been 
specially assigned by this Department. 

Letters from Fort Meigs of the 9th Instant have been re- 
ceived from Major [Amos] Stoddard. The enemy's parties 
besetting the approaches to the fort have been small and might 
have been chastised had the Detachments sent in pursuit of 
them been larger. When your whole force is collected, it would 
be desirable that Colonel Proctor should make an attempt to 
dislodge or to invest you. He can neither bring into the field 
nor keep in it more than two thousand effectives. The regular 
force sent to him from the Niagara and arriving after his 
defeat of General Winchester, did not exceed the number he 
lost in that affair. His field train consists of six or eight six 

Major General Harrison 


Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 51) 

Head Quarters Camp Meigs 21st April 1813 

Har. Pa. 99S-1007 


I had the honor last evening to receive your favor of tlie 
4th [3d] Inst. The party which was sent to the River Raisin 
returned with three Frenchmen from that settlement. The 
information given by the latter is that the enemy are still urg- 
ing on their preparations for the attack of this place. The 
transports for the troops and Artillery were preparing. The 
Prophet and his Brother had arrived at the River Raisin ^^ith 
a reinforcement of Indian Warriors and a still larger was ex- 
pected on the day after from the south side of Lake IMichigan. 
Three Artillery officers had been sent to fix on the sites for 
their Batteries on the Bank of the River opposite to this place. 
The Prisoners captured on the 7th Inst, had been taken in and 
had informed the enemy of the strength of this post. But a 
salute which had been fired upon my arrival here was heard — 
the intention kno^vn and a belief entertained that I had 
brought a large reinforcement. The Indians began to waver. 
Their employers were stimulating them by every means in 
their power. To the Prophet and his followers assurances 
were given that the Michigan Territory should be theirs. The 
Indians objected to the plan of attack proposed by the British 
which was to detach the Militia and the Indians to intercept 
our retreat whilst the Regular Troops were employed in an- 
noying us from the opposite side of the River, The attack on 
this post would now be desirable and I only fear that they 
may abandon the Idea for one more easily executed. I\Iy fears 
for the safety of Fort Wajme are removed for the present, as 
all the accounts agree as to the point of the exertions making 
by the enemy to draw to Maiden every Indian from the coun- 
try between the Wabash and Lake Michigan. 

The plan for future operations as laid down in your letter 
of the 4th [3d] is no doubt the best that could have been 
devised in the event of the promised naval success and a 
prosperous issue to the Recruiting business. My measures 
will therefore be entirely directed to the prosecution of the 
campaign in that way. 

There is nothing to be feared as to the ulterior operations 
of the campaign. But all my apprehentions are awake for the 


present moment. To you Sir, it is unnecessary to say that it 
requires a larger force to defend a line of frontier as exten- 
sive as ours is than to carry on offensive operations against 
an enemy whose force is concentrated and who possesses the 
power of attacking any point they please. I had much rather 
when joined by Genl. [Green] Clay wiDi the Kentucky troops 
advance upon Detroit than attempt to defend our long lines 
of weak posts. The Point mentioned in the address to you 
from certain citizens of this state is no doubt very much ex- 
posed but it is not more so than others that are more im- 

I shall however attend to it as soon as possible The position 
which I occupy here certainly possesses more advantages than 
any other that could have been taken, and yet such is the 
adverse nature of this country, for Military operations, that 
had I a disposable force of some thousands, the enemy could 
turn my right by landing at Sandusky and operate against 
the Forts there with impunity. It is now raining as it has 
been for two days and the Swamps which run parallel to this 
River throughout its whole extent must in a few hours be 
absolutely impassable to Infantry. I shall cause the move- 
ments of the enemy to be narrowly watched. But in the event 
of their landing at Lower Sandusky that post cannot be saved. 
I will direct it in such an event to be evacuated. The stores 
there are not of much consequence excepting about 500 stand 
of arms which I will cause to be removed as soon as the roads 
are practicable; at present it is impossible. 

Before I left Cincinnati I was informed by a Letter from 
Genl. Leftwitch that the Pensylvania and Virginia I\Iilitia 
would remain here, until other troops should arrive, upon no 
condition but that of receiving their arrears of pay before 
their departure. I accordingly dispatched my Aid de Camp 
Lieut. [Levi] Hukill with directions to assure them that their 
wishes should be complied with, and I directed I\Ir. [Jesse] 
Hunt Paymaster to send on Twenty thousand dollars to this 
place to be delivered to Colo. [Samuel] Huntingdon whom I 
was in hopes would be found here on the arrival of Mr. Hukill 
the greater part of the Militia were gone about tv/o hundred 
Pennsylvanians however volunteered their services to remain 
for fifteen days and upon my arrival liere they demanded a 
fulfillment of the promise. Col. Huntingdon was not here, 


and from the circumstance of a part of the detachment being- 
made up of small fragments of Companies, there was great 
dilhculty in adjusting their accounts. The money was how- 
ever placed in the hands of Lt. [David] Gwynne Pay Master 
to the 19th llegt. U. S. Infy. by whose exertions and knowl- 
edge of accounts the payment has been made in such a manner 
as to insure justice to the public and individuals altho it will 
no doubt cause a little more trouble al the Genl. Pay office. 
Lt. Gwynne will send to the pay Master Genl. one of the tripli- 
cate setts of Receipt Rolls which were taken, with an explana- 
tion of the whole proceedure. You will I am persuaded Sir 
not regret any additional trouble which this affair may cause 
in youi* Department when you reflect upon the necessity of 
most scrupulously fulfilling every engagement made betv/een 
the agents of the Government and Militia placed in the situa- 
tion that these were to whom the promise of payment was 

I am convinced the Adjutant Genl. is mistaken in saying 
that no returns have been forwarded from this army. From 
October until January every exertion was made to get the 
IMilitia Corps of which it was composed to make regular and 
formal returns. They were generally received but so incorrect | 

that nothing could be made from them. 

In the last mentioned month however a General Return 
was completed and forwarded by Capt. [Nathaniel] Adams 5 

and since that another. Capt. Adams was left by me at Cin- * 

cinnati at his request to make up his accounts as pay master J 

to the 'Ith Rogt. He is now ordered on and will resume his ] 

functions upon his arrival. The orders contained in your let- 
ter of the dth shall be observed in future as far as is prac- 
ticable. But You Sir who have been accustomed to see Militia 
officers who could at least read and write can have no Idea 
of the ignorance of many of those even of considerable Rank 
in the western country, [see Nov. 18, 1812 as a sample] A 
field oflk-er of the Ohio Troops to whom I gave a day or tvv^o 
aro a form of his report as offiicer of the day acknowledged to 
me (liat he was unable to fill it up. From the Quarter Master 
l)t.'j)artment inore regularity and more economy may be ex- 
pected. The faults in that Department have arisen from two 
sources viz. the creation of two independent heads and the 
necessity of employing a vast number of suboi-dinate agents 


wliose characters could not be ascertained. From tlie latter 
cause notwithstanding- the abilities of Colo. [James] MorW- 
son, and the high integrity of both him and Captain [John 
H.] Piatt I do not believe that there has been more fraud and 
peculation practiced upon the public in this quarter since last 
fall than in any other army, that was ever found. With some 
few exceptions, it has I believe been principally confined to 
Pack Horse IMasters and Waggon INIasters. 

I had one of the latter confined at Chilicothe for selling 
public oxen and stealing others. The officers who were to 
have composed the court to try him were obliged to come off 
to the army and the fellow has since been released by the civil 
authority. I gave you the name of a higher officer in a private 
letter who is looked upon with moi-e than suspicion; it is be- 
lieved that he has at least $10,000 of the public monej'' in his 
possession. Could I have this to spend a short time in the 
interior where these enormities have been committed I would 
endeavor to bring some of these scoundrels to punishment. 
From the number of posts in which valuable public property 
is deposited there requires a very considerable number of 
subordinate Q Masters. All these posts (one only excepted) 
have militia garrisons whose commanders seldom have the 
firmness and inclination to control their men. It is necessary 
that there should be in each of them a Quarter Master or 
agent. Young men of character might be got for from Thirty 
to Forty Dolls, per month. The Quarter Masters under the 
old law have been necessarily continued untill they can be 
replaced by the new appoinments. I have heard not a word 
from the 24th Regiment. Pursuing the plan laid down in your 
letter of the 4th [3d] I can see no advantage in the point of 
embarkation mentioned in a former letter. The ]\Iiami Bay or 
Sandusky would be infinitely preferable. The other place 
possesses no advantage which these do not afford they are 
nearer our deposits and the marching of the Troops from this 
direction to the other place would point out the intention to 
the enemy. I will thank you to inform me whether any altera- 
tion will be made, in this res])ect as soon as convenient, as it 
will govern me in the orders to be given for the March of the 
24th Regt. Nothing, I presume, can be expected from me as 
to the provision of transports. In the proposed direction, 
open boats will not answer. 

30— 22G64 


No person is mentioiiGcl in your letter of the 4th [3d] for 
the Inspectors Department. I had always intended to recom- 
mend for it Lieut. [Levi] Hukill my Aid de Camp who is 
better qualified for it than any person I know of and I sin- 
cerely believe better than any other Plattoon ofliccr in the 
army. I have the honor to enclose herewith an extract of a 
letter [see I\Iar. 27 above] from Govr. Shelby on the subject 
of the employment of Indian auxiliaries. His sentiments on 
the subject are precisely mine. 

I have the honor to be ^^ith great Respect Yr. Ob. Svt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honble John Armstrong, Esq. Secy, of War. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 52) 

Head Quarters Camp Meigs 25th April 1813 

Har. Pa. 1-S 


I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter 
of the 8th Inst, [see above] The directions given by me to the 
Q. Mr. on the St. IMarys last winter were to prepare a number 
of boats of that kind which were calculated, as well for coast- 
ing the lake as for descending the rivers. From the difliculty 
of procuring workmen five only of that description were built, 
perouges and flats being substituted for them. Your sugges- 
tion with regard to the disposition of the Ohio Militia shall be 
attended to. If the enemy do not commence offensive opera- 
tions soon I shall be able to dismiss a considerable proportion 
of them and you may rely upon my doing it at the moment at 
which I think their services can be spared. 

In your favor of the 4th [3d] Inst, you observe that my 
proportion of the staff has been assigned to me but the names 
of none of them are given but those of majors [Nathaniel] 
Adams and [John C] Bartlett I must beg leave to observe 
that in my opinion this army will require a more numerous 
ptaff than any other because it will consist almost exclusively 
of raw troops and inexperienced officers. For this reason I 
have ventured to detain Major [Levi] Hukill until your 
further determination shall be kno^^^l, my having done so will 
not offend General [Wade] Hampton. He is personally the 
friend of the Major who was some time in his family and has 


written to him that it is not his wish that he should abandon 
any situation in this army for the one which would be offered 
hiin in his staff should he prefer the foi'mer. 

The following circumstance will then shew the importance 
of IMajor Hukills services to me at present. The labour on 
the defences of the Camp being pretty well gotten over a Gen- 
eral order was issued for placing the whole of the Troops off 
duty on Drill for several hours each day. But amongst all the 
officers under my command of every grade I am persuaded 
there is not an individual, Majors Adams and Hukill excepted 
(& perhaps Lt. Col. [Edmund Pendleton] Gains of the 24th 
whom I do not knov/) who are capable of properly directing 
a drill or manoeuvring a Battalion. I should prefer Major 
Hukill to any other person as the Inspector of this army. 

I have the honor to enclose herewith a rough sketch repre- 
senting the situation of the posts in this quarter and a more 
correct view of the Islands in Lake Erie than any printed 
map furnishes. In the group called Bass Islands there is one 
of the finest harbours in the world. It is the Bay formed by 
an indenture in Edwards Islands and nearly shut up by an- 
other Island this harbour as the Frenchman lately brought 
from the River Raisin informs me the British are about Forti- 
fying. It is said to be eminently calculated for defence. The 
shore which commands the Harbour being high and a rock. 

I have the honor to be with great Respect Yr. Ob. Svt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

P. S. When I was appointed to the command of the N, W. 
Army the secretary of war informed me that the President 
would confirm any staff appointments that I might make 
which were allowed by law amongst others I appointed John 
S. Wills Esq. Divis J. Advocate he has performed the duties 
faithfully but his appointment has not yet been confirmed. I 
shall be gratified by having it forwarded. The officers of the 
17th and 19th Reg. U. S. Infy. are anxious to know whether 
their Regimental and lineal Rank has been determined. 

W. H. H. 

Honb. John Armstrong, Esqr. Secy, of War. 


Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 27th 1813 

Har. Pa. 08 


On looking back on the correspondence between this De- 
partment and yourself, it is perceived that under the unex- 
pected and alarming circumstances of General Hull's surren- 
der, a great effort was deemed necessary on the part of the 
Government to accomplish, if possible, the objects assigned to 
that officer, and at least to regain what of honor and of ter- 
ritory had been lost. In this view it was thought proper to 
give to you a carte blanche on the resources of the country, 
both as to men and money. The late and present admonitions 
of the Treasury make it inexpedient to continue to this au- 
thority its original latitude. The whole military expenditure 
of the United States cannot exceed one million four hundred 
thousand Dollars per month. As therefore in a former letter 
your authority to draw out militia was restricted to the de- 
fence of Fort Meigs its dependant posts and your depots of 
pi'ovision on Lake Erie, so in this it becomes necessary to put 
tliat of drawing, oi* of authorizing others to draw bills upon 
this De])artment under the following rules, viz. 1. Bills shall 
not be drawn at a sight. 
Major Genl. Harrison. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 28th 1813 

Har. Pa. 6S 


I did propose doing myself the honor of writing to you at 
some length but as the post hour presses, I am constrained to 
refer you to the copy of a letter written to B. Ge]il. [Lewis] 
Cass, as containing some portion of the views intended for 
you. i 

I beg you to accept the assurance of my great respect. 

Major Genl. Harrison. 

Harrison to Meigs 
Head Quarters Calip Meigs 2Sth Apl. 1 81:5 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book U" i'.> 

Dr Sir : 

The enemy are determined to put their threats in execution 


llieir columns are now in sight and their Gun Boats with 
their artillery &c about two miles from us and the woods on 
both sides of the river are full of Indians. I send this by a 
confidential person, Mr. [William] Oliver, who will take it on 
as far as he thinks proper. 

Be pleased to write immediately to the Governor of Ken- 
tucky — my men are in fine spirits, do not my dear sir doubt 
the results — the enemy little dream of the bitter pill I have 
prepared for them. In a little time I hope to be able to in- 
form you of their complete discomfiture. The additional men 
v/hom you have ordered out were very acceptable. 

Yours truly 

William Henry Harrison 
His Excellency Govr. Meigs 

Myers to Proctor 

April 28, 1813 
Dawson, Harrison, 381 

We look with confident hope for the report of your success 
— and brigadier-general Vincent, (who is here, and by whose 
directions I am writing to you,) has desired me to impress 
upon you, what essential aid could be rendered to us by the 
timely arrival here of five hundred Indians; should you have 
secui-ed Harrison's army, it is the brigadeir-general's desire, 
and in which I most earnestly join, that you forward to us 
in the king's vessels to Point Abino, that number with as great 
exi)edition as possible. In the event of your having captured 
Harrison's army, you will see the impossibility under existing 
circumstances of our taking charge of them here, and there- 
fore brigadier-general Vincent requests you will make the 
best arrangements in your power to dispose of them, either 
by securing them at one or the other of your o^vn posts, or 
passing them on parole into the United States by way of Cleve- 
land or other routes, as you may find expedient; the latter line 
of conduct is perhaps the most preferable, on account of the 
state of your supplies of provisions. 

Sincerely wishing every success, and hoping to send you, 
and receive from you, good accounts, I have the honor to be, 

Christo Myers, Col Act. Q. M. G. 
Brig. Gen. PROCTOR 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 53) 

Head Quarters Camp LIeigs 2Sth Apl. 1813 

Har. Pa. k 

The columns of the enernj' are now in siglit; an ofncer has 
just reconoitered them who thinks they amount to between 
two and three thousand the gunboats beai'ing their artillery 
&c. are about two miles from us at this moment and the In- 
dians are in swarms through the woods on each side of the 
River. ]My men are in fine spirits and we shall soon put them 
upon a retrograde march. I had a confidential person i\Ir. 
[William] Oliver with a few attendants upon fleet horses to 
carry this to the settlements.^ 

I have the honor to be with great respect Yr. Obt. Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honb. John Armstrong, Esqr. Secy, of War. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Departi\ient I\Iay 4th 1813. 

Har. Pa. 69 


Your dispatch of the 17th ult. [see above] covering the copy 
of one from you to Governor Shelby of the 9th [see above] 
has been received. 

The theory of this new rule with regard to the service of 
militia is to make the law operate on individuals not on collec- 
tive bodies of any description. So long as we call for com- 
panies, regiments and brigades we are sure to have a plentiful 

CIIILICOTHE, Mfiy 5, 1S13 
1. An expiess has this rmmcnt reached town, bearing despatches from Kovernor 
Mei>'rs at Frankiinton to brigadier-general M'Arthur now at this place. The Kovcrnor 
states that he has just received an express from peneral Harrison, statinji that Fort 
Meigs is under close seise, surrounded by about SOOO British and Indians, which c\it.s 
ofl all intercourse between him and the frontiers, and requests immediate assistance 
from this state to open the communication ; in consequence of which the light C'-m- 
panios, and nil the mounted volunteers who can possibly bo i-aised, are to march im- 
mediately for the Rapids. The drums are now bcatincr to amis ; and no doubt need be 
entertained but that the "backwoodsmen" will do their duty. Clay, with 1500 Kcu- 
tiickians, is now at Portage river, IS miles from the Rapids. It is hoped he will not 
attempt to go through until reinforced. It is thought that Harrison's effective forces 
do'^s not exceed 1500 men; yet with this number in n strong garrison, well BuppHed 
vsfith provisions, ammunition, and cannon, there is little fear of his sustaininK a defeat. 
P. S. It is about two hours fcince the express came in ; a respectable company ia 
raised and will march in the morning. Ohio is true. 

Nilei' Register, IV, 17S 


lack of privates and a great superabundance of officers. If 
on the other hand we call for individuals we either get them 
or v/e do not. In the first case, there is no evil to remedy, in 
tlie last the remedy is to do what you propose, to embody the 
privates and send home the surplus officers. It is by pursuing 
this plan that we shall avoid imposition, that the state shall 
-be credited v/ith the effective force she gives, that the Union 
shall be debited Vvith what she has actually received, and that 
the commands of Generals shall not be nominal only. Gov- 
ernor Meigs cannot but meet you half way in conforming to 
arrangements productive of effects like these. 

You will have seen in my last communication my opinion 
respecting the probability of an attack on your post. 

Major General [Henry] Dearborn sailed from Sackett's 
harbor on the 23d ult his objects are the destruction of the 
enemy's naval force at York, (2 frigates) and the taking of 
forts George and Erie on the Niagara. 

Major General Harrison Ft. Meigs 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Camp Meigs 5th May 1813 

Har. Pa. 5-9 


I am sorry to inform you of another disaster to the Ken- 
tuck}'- troops not indeed bearing any comparison to that of the 
River Raisin in point of killed and wounded but exceeding it 
as to the number of prisoners. I had the honor to inform you 
in my letter of the 2Sth Inst, [see above] that the British 
Troops destined to beseige this place was then in view. On 
the succeeding night they broke ground upon the heights op- 
posite and on the following morning our batteries opened upon 
them and continued a partial firing throughout that and the 
following day. On the first of I\Iay the enemy returned it 
from two guns a)id one mortar battery and on the 2nd from 
a third Gun Battery. On the night of the 3d they passed a 
part of their troops to this side of the River and opened an- 
other gun and mortar battery within two hundred and fifty 
yards of our lines. They were soon however driven from 
that position and obliged to take one at a more respectful dis- 
tance. On the 1st, 2nd, and 3d Inst, the fire was most in- 


sislant and tremendous Sy^ ^^^ §1/2 inch shells with 24 lb. 
ball fell in shoAvers in our camp and would have produced the 
most unfoi'tunate effect but from the great pains and labour 
which had been bestowed in the erection of Traverses which 
in a great degree shielded our Camp from the former. For 
the latter there was no prevention but that of taking the Bat- 
teries. About 12 o'clock last night an oflicer arrived in a 
boat from Genl. [Green] Clay to inform me of his approach 
and that he would reach this place in about 2 hours. I im- 
mediately determined upon a general sally and sent an officer 
to Genl. Clay directing him to land eight hundred men some 
short distance above, to attack and carry the battery spike 
the cannon and destroy the artillery. The Genl. w^as unfor- 
tunately delayed longer than he expected in passing the Rapids 
and the detachment destined to make the attack did not reach 
the landing until near nine o'clock. This however did not pre- 
vent them from making the attempt and never was anything 
more completely successful. The four Batteries were imme- 
diately taken possession of and their defenders driven off and 
the cannon spiked. Here the work of our men was done. But 
that confidence which always attends Militia when successful 
proved their ruin. Although there was time sufficient to re- 
turn to the boats before a reinforcement arrived to the enem^^, 
they remained upon the ground in spite of the repeated calls 
which we made across the River to bring them back and suf- 
fered themselves to be amused and drawn into the woods by 
some feint skirmishing whilst the British Troops and an im- 
mense body of Indians were brought up. A severe action 
then took place. The British immediately intercepted the re- 
treat of our men to the plain on the river where they would 
have been under cover of our cannon but about one hundred 
and fifty only — out of nearly eight hundred effectives thus 
escaped to the boats. When the Ballance of Genl. Clay's force 
made its appearance and attempted to land above the garrison 
their flank was attacked by a large body of Indians I imme- 
diately ordered out a dctaclnnent consisting of part of the 
I'Jlh U. S. Regt. about one hundred twelve months volunteers 
and some ]\Iilitia. They however succeeded in driving the 
enemy entirely off. Pursuant to the plan which I had formed 
an attack was then made upon the Batteries on this side of 
the River conducted by Col. [John] Miller of the 19th Regt. 


with part of his Regt.. the aforesaid vohinteei's and a fev.- 
militia. This attack was also completely successful the enemy 
were driven from their works a number killed and two British 
ofiicers and forty one privates brought into camp. This at- 
tack was intended to be simultaneous with that on the other 
side and it was nearly so. Notv^dthstanding the severe loss 
we have sustained in the Kentucky Militia the events of the 
day have been honorable to the American army. The detach- 
ment under Colo. Miller suffered very little and had the mili- 
tia been contented with executing what they v^ere ordered to 
do every object which I had contemplated would liave been 

I have only time to add that I am confident of my ability 
to defend this place until the expected large reinforcements 
arrive and that 1 am with great respect Sir Yr. Hb. Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honble John Armstrong, Esq. Secy, of War. 

You will pardon the inaccuracy of this when I inform you 
that I write it amidst a thousand interruptions. I will en- 
deavor to transmit a more definite account in a day or tv\'o if 
the fort is not again surrounded by Indians, w^ho have, I be- 
lieve, at this moment all returned. 

I have reason to believe that the guns of the enemy were 
very imperfectly spiked. 

Harrison and Proctor 

In an agreement for the exchange of prisoners made be- 
tween Brigadier General Proctor Commanding his Brit- 
TANic Majesty's Forces on the Miamies and ]\Iajor Gen- 
eral W. H. Harrison commanding the North Western 
Army of the United States. 

May 7 1813 

Ear. Pa. _U 

The prisoners of the Kentucky Militia now in possession of 
General Proctor to be sent to the river Huron upon the condi- 
tion of not serving against Great Britain during the war be- 
tw^een that powder and the United States. Captain [Samuel] 
Price of the U. S. Lt. Artillery and twenty regulars of the U. 
S. Army now in possession of General Proctor will be consid- 
ered as exchanged and permitted to sei've after the termina- 


tion of one month. Licuts. Mclntire and Hailes of the 41st 
Regrt. [British] were also to be considered as exchanged but 
are not to serve excepting on garrison duty until the expira- 
tion of the one month. The allotment of prisoners released on 
each side to be furnished to the respective commissioners of 
each nation and the surplusage to be accounted for in a future 
settlement of the account of Prisoners agreeably to the tariff 
of exchange heretofore established. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison, Majoi^ Genl N. W. Army. 
Henry G. Procter 

Brig. General Commimding His Brittanic Majesty's 

Forces on the Miami 

Head Qr. Camp ]\Ieigiis 7th May 1813. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department May 8th, 1813 

Har. Pa. 70, 71 


Your letters of the 21st and 25th ult. [see above] have been 
received. I never meant that you or your Artillery or stores 
for the campaign now collected at Fort Meigs should be 
brought back to Cleveland for embarkation. My intention was 
that the Boats built there should move along the coast in the 
wake of the fleet to Sandusky or to the very foot of the Rapids, 
if that were practicable and exjDodient, taking in on the route 
what was v/anted. The Boats building, and built, by Major 
[Thomas Sidney] Jessup are not decked but strong and high 
sided and very competent to the navigation of the Lake par- 
ticularly between the chains of islands and the west shore. ^ 
If Major [Levi] Hukell's continuance with you as Assistant • 
Inspector General can be made acceptable to General Ilamp- \ 
ton it will be entirely so to me. The exchange of Captain « 
[Daniel] Baker of the 1st Infantry Vv'ill enable me to give you ' 
a second oflicer of the same grade and departinont. Tlici'e 
will be business enough for both. You may multiply your i 
assistant Dep. Quarter Masters according to the exigencies of j 
the Service. Governor Meigs has recommended IMr. [Jose]:)h] | 
Wheaton for the appointment of D. Q. M. Genei-al, Undeceive ' 
the Governor. What are the proofs of the facts stated by you 
in relation to Wheaton? A commission is sent to LIr. [Sam- 


iiel] Wells. The frontiers of the Territories seem to be in a 
state of much excitement from the attacks of small parties 
and the dread of large ones. Would there be sufficient reason 
fo]- sending Colonel Johnson's mounted Riflemen into that sec- 
tion of the District? You can better estimate the character 
of their demands than I. So long as they have Maiden to de- 
fend, or you to destroy, the enemy will not in my opinion take 
a new object. I shall soon have events in the north to com- 
municate whicli fortunate or otherwise will have a consider- 
able bearing on your operations. 

P. S. Since writing this letter I have seen one from Mr. 
Calvin Pease dated at Sandusky and stating that you had been 
attacked on the 1st of May. We look confidently for a good 
issue to the conflict. 

]\rajor General HARRISON FoRT MEIGS. 

Harrison General Orders 

Head Quarters Fort Meigs 9th May 1813 

Har. Pa. 22-26 
The information received by the General and the movements 
of the enemy indicating their having abandoned the siege of 
this post, the General congratulates his troops on having com- 
pletely foiled their foes and put a stop to that career of vic- 
tory which has hitherto attended their arms. He cannot find 
words to express his sence of the good conduct of the troops 
of every description and of every corps. As well in sustain- 
ing and returning the heavy fire of the enemy as for their 
assiduity and patience in the performance of those laborious 
duties which the occasion called for. When merit was so 
general indeed almost universal it is difficult to discriminate. 
The General can not hov/ever omit to mention the names of 
those whose situation gave them an opportunity of being more 
particularly useful. From the long illness of Capt. [Charles] 
Gratiot of the Corps of Engineers the arduous and important 
duties of fortifying the camp devolved on Capt. [Eleazer 
Derby] Wood of that corps. In assigning to him the first palm 
of merit as far as it relates to the transactions within the 
works the General is convinced that the decision will be 
awarded by every individual in camp who witnessed his in- 
defatigable exertion, his consummate skill in providing for 


the safety of every point and in foiling every attempt of the 
enemy and liis undaunted bravery in the performance of his 
duty in the most exposed situations. An unfortunate wound 
in the commencement of the siege deprived the General after 
that time of the able services of Major [Amos] Stoddard of 
the artillery whose zeal and talents liad been eminently useful. 
Captn. [Charles] Gratiot in the remission of a severe illness 
took charge of a battery and managed it with ability and ef- 
fect. Capt. [Daniel] Gushing of the artillery and Capt. Hall 
of the 17th Infy. (but doing duty with the former corps) were 
extremely active and attentive to their post. To Col. [John] 
jMiller and IMajor [George] Todd of the 19th U. S. Infantry 
]\Iajor [James V.] Ball of the Dragoons, Sodwick and Major 
Ritzer of the Ohio militia and Major Johnson of the Kentucky 
militia rendered the most important services to each of the 
above gentlemen as well as to each Capt. subaltern non com- 
missioned officer and private of their respective commands 
the General gives his thanks and expresses his warm approba- 
tion. Also to Adjt. Brown ]\Ir. Peters conductor of artillery 
I\rr. Lion (principal artificer) and Timberlee and to Sergeant 
Henderson, Tommes and ]\Ieldrum who severally had charge 
of Batteries and Block Houses. The Battery managed by Ser- 
geant Ilendei'son was as the enemy confessed managed with 
peculiar efficacy and effect. With respect to the sorties which 
were made on the 5th Inst, the subsequent information which 
has been received from the prisoners has given the gallant 
troops which were engaged on those occasions additional 
claims upon the gratitude of their General. It is ascertained 
that in both Instances, the enemy far outnumbered oui- troops. 
The General gives his thanks to Brigadier Genl. [Green] Clay 
for the promptitude with which the detachment of his Brig- 
ade WTre landed and the assiduity given him in forming them 
for the attack on the left. To Col. Boswell and ]\Iajor Fletcher 
for their gallant)"y and good conduct in leading them in the 
charge made on the enemy and to Capts. [Petei-] Dudley, 
Simmons and Metcalf the subalterns non-cominissioned offi- 
cers and privates for the distinguished valou]' with NNiiich 
they defeated the enemy. The Gen. has in the oi'dcr of the 
6th inst. expressed his sense of the conduct of the regular 
troops and volunteers which wei'e engaged in the sorties on 
the left flank but he omited to mention Capt. Sebree's corn- 


pHiiy of Ky. ]\Iililia wliose gallantry was not surpassed by 
tliat of any of the companies wliich foiig-lit by their side. The 
Pittsburg Blues led by Lt. McGec in the illness of their gallant 
Captain sustained the reputation which they had acquired at 
IMississineway the Petersburg Volunteers and Lt, Drums de- 
tachment discovered equal intrepidity. To the detachments 
from the 17th & 19th U. S. Regt. under their respective com- 
manders Capt. [George] Croghan, [William] Bradford, 
[Angus Lev/is] Langhan, [Wilson] Elliott, [Asahael] Near- 
ing the honourable task was assigned of storming the British 
T'attories defended by two hundred British granadiers and 
light infantry flaiiked by an host of Indians and two com- 
I)anics of Canadian Militia, Col. Miller speaks in the highest 
terms of the conduct of the captains before mentioned and 
Lieutenants [James] Campbell, [David] Gwynne, [Stephen] 
Lee, [Samuel] Kircheval and [Jonathan] Rees and of Ensigns 
[Edmund] Sliipp, [Martin L.] Hav/kins, [Batteal] Harrison, 
[Chaj'les] iMitchel and [John] Stockton. The General re- 
ciuests Col. ]\Iiller Major Todd and each of the ofTicers above 
named together with all the oflicers non commissioned officers 
and soldiers who were engaged on the 5th Inst, to accept his 
thanks. The general is under the highest obligation to his 
staff for their conduct as well in the action of the 5th Inst, 
as for the assistance which he received from them, throughout 
the seige. Major [Levi] Hukill the acting inspector. General 
distinguished himself by his assiduity in forwarding the parts 
of our works wiiich was most necessary and which was most 
exposed to the fire of the enemy. From Major [Richard] 
Graham, his aid de camp, his volunteer aid de camp J. John- 
son Esqr. and from Lt. [John] 0. Fallon acting assistant ad- 
jutant general as well as from the Dep. Qr. Master Mr. 
[James T.] Eubanks he received the greatest assistance. It 
rarely occurs that a General has to complain of the excessive 
ardour of his men yet such appears always to be the case 
whenever the Kentucky militia are engaged. It is indeed the 
source of all their misfortune. They appear to think tha.t 
valor can alone accomplish anything. The General is led to 
make this remark from the conduct of Capt. [William] Dud- 
ley's Company of the Regiment as he has understood that that 
gallant officer was obliged to turn his espontoon [?] against 
his company to oblige them to desist from a further pursuits 


of the enemy in complyance with an order from the General. 
Such temerity although not as disgraceful is scarcely less fatal 
than cowardice. And in the instance above had it been per- 
sisted in would have given a different result to the action. As 
the whole of the enemy's force v/hich were placed near the 
batteries would have been precipitated upon the rear of our 
detachment. The pursuit being stopped allowed time for a 
new disposition under cover of our cannon and the enemies 
batteries were attacked and carried without difficulty. 

John O'Fallon, Act Assistant Adjt. Genl 
(A Copy) 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 54) 

Head Quarters Camp Miegs 9th May 1813 

Har. Pa. 10-13 


I have the honor to inform you that the enemy having been 
for several days making preparations for raising the seige 
of this post accomplished this day the removal of the last of 
their artillery from the opposite bank and about 12 o'clock 
left their encampment below were soon embarked and out of 
sight. I have the Honor to enclose you an agreement entered 
into between Genl. Procter and myself for the discharge of the 
Prisoners of the Konty. IMilitia in his possession and for the 
exchange of the officers and men of the Regular Troops which 
were respectively possessed by us. [see May 7 above] IMy 
anxiety to get the Kentucky Troops released as early as pos- 
sible induced me to agree to the dismission of all the prisoners 
I had Altho their was not as many of ours in Genl. Proctors 
possession. The surplusage is to be accounted foi* and an 
eaqual number of ours released from their parole, whenever 
the Government may think proper to direct it. I am sorry to 
inform you that the loss of the Kentucky Troops in killed and 
missing is much greater than I had at first believed. It 
amounts u]iwards to three hundred but of these I hope that 
many have escaped up the north side of the river to Fort 
Winchester. However much this unnecessary waste of lives 
may be lamented it will give you great pleasure to learn that 
the two actions on this side the River on the 5th were infinitely 
more important and more Honorable to our army than I had 


at first conceived. In the Sortie made upon the left Flank 
Capt. [Asahel] Neaving.s company of tlie 19th Regt. a De- 
tachment of 12 Mos. vohmtecrs under Maj. Alexander and 
three companies of Kentucky Militia under Colo. [William E.] 
Boswell defeated at least double the number of Indians and 
British militi'. The sortie on the right Avas still more glori- 
ous. The British Battei'ies in that direction were defended 
by the Granidier and Light Infantry companies of the 41st 
Regt. amounting to two hundred eff(3ctives and two militia 
companies flanked by a host of Indians. The detachment sent 
to attack these consisted of all the men off duty belonging to 
the companies of [George] Crogan and [William] Bradford 
of the 17th Regt. [Angus LoA^is] Langhani, [Wilson]' Elliott 
late [Richard] Grahams and Nearings of the 19th about 
eighty of Major Alexander's volunteers and a single company 
of Kentucky militia under Captain Sebree, amounting on the 
whole to not more than three hundred and forty. Yet the 
event of the action was not a moment doubtful and had not 
the British troops been covered in their retreat by their allies 
the whole of them would have been taken. 

It is not possible for Troops to have behaved better than 
ours did throughout. All the officers exerted themselves to 
execute my orders and the enemy who had a full view of our 
operations from the opposite shore declared that they had 
never seen so much work performed in so short a time. To 
all the commandants of corps I feel particular obligations. 
These were Col. [John] ]\Iiller of the 19th Regt. of Infy. Col. 
Mills of the Ohio Llilitia Maj. [Amos] Stoddard of the Ar- 
tillery Maj. [James V.] Ball of the Dragoons and Maj. [John 
T.] Johnson of the Kentucky Militia. Capt. [Charles] 
Gratiott of the engineers having been for a long tiine much 
indisposed the task of fortifying this post devolved on Capt. 
[Eleazer Derby] Wood. It could not have been placed in 
better hands. Permit me to recommend him to the President 
and to assure you that any mark of his approbation bestowed 
on Capt. Wood VvT)uld be highly gratifying to tlie whole of the 
troops who witnessed liis arduous exertions. Froin Maj. 
[Levi] Hukill acting Inspector General my aid de Camp Maj. 
[Richard] Graham, Lieut. [John] O'Fallon who has done the 
duty of Asst. Ajd. Genl. in the absence of Maj. [Nathaniel] 
Adams and my volunteer aid de camp John Johnson Esq. I 
received the most useful assistance. 


I have the honor to enclose you a list of the liillod and 
wounded during the siege and in the two soi'tics. Those of 
the latter was much greater than I had at first expected. 
Want of sleep and exposure to the continued rains which have 
fallen almost every day for some time past renders me iri- 
capable of mentioning many interesting particulars amongn 
others a most extraordinary proposition of Colo. Proctors en 
the subject of the Indians within our Boundary. These shall 
form the subject of a communication to be made tomorrow or 
next day and for which I will provide a safer conveyance than 
that which carried this. All the Prisoners and deserters agree 
in saying that the information given to Maj. Stoddard by 
Pvyland of the British haveing launched a sloop of war this 
spring is incorrect and the most of them say that the one 
which is now building will not be launched for many weeks. 

I have the honor to be Sir with great respect yr. obt. Huni1\ 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Hon. John Armstrong Esqr. Senj. of TF«r 

P. S. Capt. [Samuel] Price of the Reg-t. D. Artillery and 
the twenty regulars prisoners with Genl. Procter were^aken 
on the north \V. side of the river with the Kenty. militia. We 
had no prisoner taken on this side Tluring the seige. The re- 
turn of the killed and wounded could not be gotten ready for 
this convej'ance. 

Gen. Green Clay to Harrison 

Camp At Fort Meigs, May [9], 18L3 

Har. Pa. 15-17 


On the 5th inst. about 8 o'clock, A. Isl. descending tlie i\Iia]ni 
of the lake about midway the Rapids, with 1200 of the Ken- 
tucky troops in 18 flat bottomed boats, I was met by captain 
Hamilton [of the Ohio I\Iilitia] and a subaltern, who delivered 
me (as he said) the orders of major general Harrison to the 
following effect: 

You must detach about 800 men from your brigade who will 
land at a point I will shew about one or one and half miles 
above the Fort, and I will conduct them to the British bat- 
teries on the left bank of the river. They must take posses- 



sion of the onemy's cannon, spike tliem, cut down the carriages 
and return to their boats. Obsen'ing that the British force 
at their batteries was inconsiderable, but tliat tiieir main force 
was at the old garrison, about one and a-half miles below, on 
the same side of the river; that the Indian forces were chiefly 
on the riglit ban.k of the river. The balance of the men, under 
your connnand, must land on the right bank, opposite the hrst 
landing, and will fight their vray ilirough the Indians to the 
Fort observing that the route thus to be taken would be shewn 
by a subaltern oflicer, there in company v.ith capt. Hamilton, 
who would land the Perogue at the point on the right bank, 
at which the boats would land. 

The order of descending the river in boats was the same 
as the order of march in line of battle, in solid column, each 
officer taking position according to his rank. Col. [William] 
Dudley, the eldest colonel, led the van, and in this order the 
river had been descended. As soon as capt. Hamilton had de- 
livered these orders, being in the thirteenth boat from the 
front, I directed him to proceed immediately to col. [William] 
Dudley and order him to take the men in the 12 front boats, 
and execute general Harrison's orders on the left bank of the 
river; and post his (capt. Hamilton's) subaltern on the right 
banks to conduct myself with the men in the six rear boats to 
the Fort. I ordered the 5 boats in the rear to fall in a line 
and follow me. High winds and the rapidity of the current 
drove 4 of the rear boats ashore in the attempt to follow on 
according to order, where they remained a short time, suffi- 
cient however to detain them half or 3 quarters of a mile in 
the rear. To land according to order, I kept close along the 
right bank until opposite col. Duley's landing. There I found 
no guide left to conduct me to the Fort as capt. Hamilton had 
promised. I then made an attempt to cross the river and 
join col. Dudley but from the rapid current on the falls I was 
unable to land on the point with him. Being nearly half 
across the j'iver, and the waves running too high to risk the 
boat then driving dovni the cun-oit sidewise — veered about 
the boat and rowed the best way we could to save our boats. 
i\Iy attempt to cross the river to col. Dudly, occasioned all the 
boats (I presume in the rear of me) and which were then out 
of hailing distance, to cross o\'er and land with Col. Dudley. 
Having been defeated in a landing on the left, we then en- 

Sl— 22Cf,4 


deavored to effect one on the riglit, even without a guide: But 
before a landing- could bo effected we received a brisk fire from 
the enemy on the shore, which was returned and kept up on 
both sides and I was in this unavoidable situation compelled to 
make to Fort Meigs with no other force than about 50 men on 
board the other boats being still in the rear and to receive the 
enemy's fire until we arrived under tlie protection of the Fort. 
Col. [William E.] Boswell's command (except the men in my 
boat) having landed to join col. Dudley, were, as I have been 
informed ordered by captain Hamilton immediately to em- 
bark and land on the right hand shore about a mile above the 
Fort, and prepare to fight his way through to the garrison. 

The colonel embarked, landed as he conceived at the proper 
point, pursuant to captain Hamilton's order, and was forming 
his men in order of battle, when he was met by captain Shaw, 
and ordered to march into the garrison at open order, the 
safest route. 

When my o^vn boat landed we were met by two men who 
took charge of the boat as we understood to bring her under 
the protection of the fort batteries. Believeing our baggage 
to be thus made safe, we forbid our servants to carry any 
portion of it, but loaded them with cannon balls which they 
bore to the fort. Our baggage was however taken by the 
Indians in a very short time after we left the boat. Upon 
receiving the orders of captain Hamilton, I asked if he had 
brought spikes to spike the enemy's cannon. To which he 
replied he had plenty. 

I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Green Clay, Brig. Gen. 
His Excellency, Maj. Gen. Harrison 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 55) 

Head Quarters Lov^ER Sandusky 13th May 1813 

Har. Pa. 2S-S7 


Having ascertained that the enemy (Indians as v^ell as Brit- 
ish) had entirely abandoned the neighbourhood of the Rapids 
I left the command of Camp Meigs with Gen. [Green] Clay 
and came here last night, [for^ the purpose of providing for 

1. The parti5 enclosed In brackets were ixndcrRcorcd by p.omo one !n Wat'hlnirtor). 


the better security of this post and to procure some Troops 
for the protection of Cleveland. Another motive for the trip 
was the security of the prisoners of war whicli were sent to 
the River Huron in their march of 40 miles through a Wilder- 
ness from the settlements at the mouth of Huron to Mansfield. 
Arms and ammunition have been forwarded from this place 
to them and I sliall take care to have the country well recon- 
noitred between this post and Lake Erie, the only route by 
which a body of Indians could approach the prisoners. I 
thought those steps proper altho I have the solemn promise 
of Gen Procter that the Indians should not be suffered to go 
in that direction.]^ It is with the greatest satisfaction I in- 
form you Sir, that I have every reason to believe that the loss 
of the Ky. Troops in killed on the North side of the River 
does not exceed fifty. On the 10th and 11th Inst. I caused 
the ground which was the scene of the action and its environs 
to be carefully examined and after the most diligent search 
45 bodies only of our men were discovered. Amongst them 
was the (weak and obstinate but brave) leader of the detach- 
ment Col. [William] Dudley. No other officer of note fell in 
the Action. I have strong reason to believe that a consider- 
able number of the Kentuckians effected their retreat up the 
River to fort Winchester. 

Gen. Proctor did not furnish me with a return of the 
Prisoners in his possession altho repeatedly promised. His 
retreat was as precipitate as it could properly be leaving a 
number of Cannon Ball, a new Elligant Sling carriage for 
Cannon and other valuable articles. The night before his 
departure two persons that were employed in the British Gun 
boats (American by Birth) deserted to us. The informa- 
tion they gave me was very interesting. They say that the 
Indians of which there were from 1600 to 2000 left the Brit- 
ish the day before their departure in a high state of disatis- 
faction, from the great loss which they had sustained in the 
several engagements of ihe 5th and the failure of the British 
in accomplishing their promise of taking the post at the Rap- 
ids. From the account given by those men my opinion is con- 
firmed of the great superiority of the enemy which were de- 
feated by our Troops in the Troops sallies made on the 5th 
inst. That led by Col. [John] Miller did not exceed 350 men 
and it is very certain that tlicy defeated 200 British Regulars, 


150 militia and 4 or 500 Indians. That American Rcegulars 
(altho they were raw recruits) and such men as compose the 
Pittsburgh (Pa.) & Petersburg (Va.) vohmteers should be- 
have well is not to be wondered at. But that a company of 
Militia should maintain its ground against four times its num- 
bers (as did Capt. Sebrees of the Ky.) is truly astonishing. 
These brave fellows were at length however entirely sur- 
rounded by Indians and would have been entirely cut off but 
for the gallantry of Lt. [David] Gwymie of the 19th Regt. who 
with part of Capt. [WilsoJi] Elliott Compy charged the enemy 
and release! the Kentucldans. I enclose you a hst of the killed 
and wounded during the whole seige. It is considerably larger 
than I had supposed it would be when I last wrote to you. But 
it is satisfactory to know that they did not bleed uselessly, but 
in the course of successful exertions. The returii does not 
embrace the ones who fell on the N. W. side of the IMiami. 

[I have^ no immediate fears for any of our pof^ ts but Fort 
Winchester. Genl Clay left there an immense deposit of Pro- 
visions but he certainly did not manifest his usual judgment 
in not reinforcing it. As soon as I do what is requisite in 
this quarter I shall proceed to upper Sandusky and dispatch 
some Troops, the first that I can command to Fort Winchester. 
I have the honor to enclose you Gen. Procter's proposition 
to me to exchange the Ky. Militia in his possession for the 
friendly Indians v/ithin our line. I ansv/ered him that the 
subject w^ould be refered to you but that 1 was pursuaded it 
would never be assented to.]^ 

You will also receive herewith a monthly return of the 
Troops at Camp Meigs. For the last month the communica- 
tion with the other posts being cut off, the returns were not 
received. A copy of Gen. Clay's Report [see May 9 above] 
to me of the manner of his Executing my order for the at- 
tack at the enemies Batteries is likewise forwarded — By which 
it will be seen that my intentions were perfectly understood — 
and the great facility with which they might have been exe- 
cuted is apparent to every individual who v/itnessed the scene. 
Indeed the cannon might have been spiked, the carriages cut 
to pieces, the magazine destroyed and the retreat eU'ectcd to 
the Boats without the loss of a man. As none were killed ii' 
taking the Batteries, so complete was the surprise. Ai) < -■ 
tensive open plain intervenes between the River and the iiiH 


ui,)()]i which the Batteries of tlie enemy were placed. The 
Hill plain and was raked by 4 of our 18 pounders a 12 and a 
six. The enemy even before their guiis were spiked could not 
have brought a single gun to bear upon it. So perfectly se- 
cured was their retreat the 150 men who came off effected it 
without loss and brought off some of the wounded one of them 
u)?<on tlie backs of his comrades. The Indians followed them 
to the woods but dared not enter into the plain. 

I am unable to form a coii'ect estimate of the Enemies forces 
which attacked Fort Meigs. The prisoners varied much in 
Ihoir accounts. Those who made them least stated that the 
Regulars at 550 and Militia 800 but the number of Indians 
were beyond comparison greater than have ever been brought 
into the field. Numbers arrived after the seige commenced. 
1 have caused their Camps in the south East side of the River 
to be particularly examined and the general opinion is that 
there could not have been fewer on that side than 1000 or 
]20(K They are indeed the efficient force of the enemy. 

[Our' officers are unanimously of opinion that 100 of our 
men could in the woods defeat 200 British Regulars easier 
than 100 Indians. 

The public property has suffered very much during the 
siege. The 24 pound shot and 81/2 inch shells destroyed the 
roofs of all of our Block Houses and Stores and the rains 
which fell the greater part of the time has greatly injured 
many articles. I am under the greatest apprehension for the 
salted beef and Pork which had been put down in bath. Be- 
fore the siege commenced the making of barrels to repack it 
liad progressed considerably. The seasoned timber was how- 
ever nearly all made up and Kiln drying of the rest was neces- 
sarily suspended. Gen. Clay has particular directions to 
attend to it and no one has more judgment in such matters.]^ 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favours 
of 14th 17th 18th and 28th Ult. and 4 Inst, [see above] 

Upon a reconsideration of all the circumstances which in- 
duced me to order Gen. [Duncan] Mc Arthur & Col. [John] 
r^liller to repair to the Miami Rapids I do not consider that I 
merit the rebuke contained in your letter of the 14th Ult. 
When the order was given to Colo. Miller an Ohio Militia Col. 
was on his way to camp Meigs whose rank would have given 
him the command after the departure of Gen. Leftwich and 


Crooks and whose militia)y information is perhaps as hmited 
as that of any person who ever held a commission. Lt. Col. 
[John B.] Campbell of the 19th Rejxt. was shortly to return 
from Furlough and was intended to supply Col. IMillers place. 
In the meantime an officer every way adequate was found on 
the spot in the person of Major [John] Whistler. 

When the order was first given to Gen. ]McArthur to repair 
to the Kapids in the event of his receiving the appointment, 
it was done from the motive of securing an officer of rank and 
experience for the command of that post. 

I think I am incapable of suffei-ing myself to be governed 
by any personal consideration in opposition to my duty and 
the Public interest I believe that no one who is acquainted 
with the situation of my family when I last come into the set- 
tlement can believe that there ever existed stronger claims 
upon the feelings of a husband and a Father than those by 
which I was assailed urging my remaining at Cincinatti for 
some weeks. The afflictions and suffering of the Slajor part 
of my family are without a parallel, yet it will I think be ad- 
mitted from the promptitude of my return to Fort i\Ieigs that 
I should not have been induced to go into the settlement at all 
had I not supposed that it was my proper post — and that a 
Junior Officer could be entrusted with the command of Fort 
Meigs. I^Iy after experience has convinced me of the correct- 
ness of this opinion. The order to Gen. ]\IcAruthur vras long 
since countermanded. 

I have not yet been honored with your command upon tlie 
subject of the assembling the Troops, the direction of tlicir 
march etc nor do I know whether it is expected that I should 
give directions with regard to the providing of Artillery. 
ordinance Stores etc. From a letter writeen by Major [Isaac] 
Craig at Pittsburgh to llajor [Amos] Stoddard it would seem 
that order had been given to the Dy. Commander of OrdnariCe 
there to make the proper provisions. I can now state to you 
a circumstance which prudence forbid me to mention in any 
former letter — at the commencement of the seige we had but 
360,18 Pd. shot and less than that quanity for 12 pounder.<. 
the v/hole quanity of the former sent on from Pittsljurgh was 
500. Vv''e were therefore obliged to be extremely sparing of 
our fire from the 18 pounders or I do believe from the effect 
which they produced on the Enemy's Batteries we could have 


complctelj'- silenced them before they were spiked. Their 12 
])ounders suppHed us with shot of that description but they 
had no eightecns their larp;e guns being all tvsTnty fours. 

I am sorry to inform you that Major [Amos] Stoddard died 
the night before I left the Rapids of a Lock Jaw produced by 
a slight wound from the fragement of a shell which struck 
him on the thigh. Several have died in this way from their 
great unavoidable exposure to cold. — but the Sergeons assured 
me and my own observations sanctioned the opinion that per- 
haps there never was so many instances of desperate wounds 
being likely to do v/ell. The Gallant Capt. [William] Brad- 
ford will recover. 

I shall go from here to upper Sandusky and shall take my 
station at Delaware or Franldinton until the troops are assem- 
bled. Gen. Clay who commanded at the Rapids is a man of 
Capacity and is entirely to be relied on. I have the Honor 
to be with great respect 

Sir your Humble Servt. 

William Henry Harrison 
The Honble. John Armstrong Esq. Sectary of War 

P. S. I am mortified upon examing the enclosed monthly re- 
turn. You will pardon its slovenly appearance when you are 
informed that it was made by a young gentleman who never 
did anything of the kind before. Nor was there an officer 
in Camp Meigs Hukel excepted & the two captains of the 
Engenier Corps who could have made it better. Capt. Adams 
has not yet joined me. 

Meigs: General Orders 
Headquarters, Lov^er Sandusky, May 14, 1813 

Niles' Register IV, 223 

The governor of Ohio hastens to inform the good citizens 
of the state, who have rallied and repaired to his standard, 
upon his call to 'arms' with a promptitude and zeal which 
proves their pati'iotism and love of country, that their serv- 
ices are rendered unnecessary by a change of circumstances 
whicli required the call. The most important fortress of the 
western countiy, Camp Meigs, was invested by the enemy — 
information of it reached his excellency, and orders immedi- 
ately issued. In an instant you were soldiers — the prompt- 

^asPA'At^.^ fig-lf^^i, 


ness, good order and regularity of j'our inarch excites admira- 
tion. His excellency is entirely satisfied with your conduct; 
and for it returns his warmest thanks. He is sensible your 
domestic avocations at this season of the year, must require 
your laobrs at home — a sufficient force reached his headquar- 
ters to afford adequate relief, which he desigiied to command 
in person — many more were on their march, but thanks to 
the valor, talents and exertions of the commanding general, 
and his brave little army, they have convinced the enemy of 
the rashness of his enterprize, compelled him to raise the seige, 
and seek his ovni safety in flight! The governor, therefore, 
gives you an honorable discharge, which I am ordered to make 
public; and also that you have the thanks and respect of his 
excellencj^ the commanding general who is advised of your 

By his excellency's command, 

Henry Brush 

Harrison to Poague 

(No date given) (May 15, 1813) 

Penn. Mag. of History, XXXII, 117 

Dear Sir: 

The enemy have fled & as it is difficult to get provisions in 
front for the pursuit, you will be so obliging as order Col. 
[Philip] Barber to return immediately to St. IMarys with his 
Regiment as well as Jenkinsons Battalion & the Col. must 
have directions to funiish a small escort of from 20 to 30 men 
with the waggons which may be ready to come out with pro- 
visions from St. Marys. With your own Regiment you will 
continue to open the road on to Fort Defiance & bring on with 
you the stores &c. of the ]\Iilitia which are under the charge of 
Col. [William] Jennings. You will be pleased also to dispatch 
Capt. [Angus] Langham immediately with all the Beeves ex- 
cepting about 60 & these sixty you had better send back to 
Col. Jennings to keep. 

Order Capt. Langham to proceed with the utmost rapidity 
with the beeves & with the pack-horses, which were at Col. 
Jennings block house. If you did not bring the pack-horses 
with you Capt. Langham must not wait for them Init must 
come on with the beeves & when Col. Jennings sends on the 


paclc horses to you, you Avill be pleased to dispatch 20 men 
under a subaltern with them, 

Yours respectfully 

Wm. H. Harrison 
Col. [Robert] Poague 

1 have ordered your tents & baggage to be brought in from 
St. I\Iarys to you. You had better send back the Quarter- 
Tklaster to attend to bringing them on. 

Harrison: General Orders 

Head Quarters, Franklinton, jNIay 16th, 1813 

Dawson's Harrison, 395 

The commanding General has observed with the warmest 
gratitude the astonishing exertions, which have been made by 
liis excellency governor Meigs, and the generals and other 
militia ofTicers of this state, in collecting and equiping a body 
of troops for the relief of camp INIeigs. But the efforts of 
these men would have been unavailing, had thej" not been sec- 
onded by the patriotic ardor of every description of citizens, 
which has induced them to leave their homes, at a most critical 
season of the year, regardless of every consideration but that 
of rendering service to their country. The General found the 
road from Lower Sandusky to this place, literally covered 
with men, and amongst them many who had shared in the 
toils and dangers of the revolutionary war, and on whom, of 
course, there existed no legal claim for military services. The 
General has every reason to believe, that similar efforts have 
been made in Kentucky. He offers to all those brave men 
from both states, his sincere acknowledgements ; and is hapjn- 
to inform them, that there is at present no necessity for their 
longer continuance in the field. The enemy has fled with 
precipitation from camp Meigs, and that is in a much better 
situation to resist an attack, than when the last siege was 

By order of the General, 

R. Graham, Aid 


HARrasoN to Secretary of War 

(No. 56.) 

Head Quarters Franklinton 18th May, 1813 

^ Har. Pa. S8-S9 


I had the honor this moment to receive your favour of the 
8th inst. [see above] I am perfectly convinced that noth- 
ing can be more correct than the opinion you have given of 
the nature and extent of the warfare that is and will be car- 
ried on upon the frontiers of the Territories. I will at least 
guarantee that no attempt in force will be made on the Wa- 
bash, nor do I believe that any other than light parties will 
invest the Illinois. Dixon if he has artillery may attempt to 
carry one of the posts on the Mississippi or perhaps attack 
some of the exposed villages, but I rather suppose that he will 
not descend lower than Prairie de Chien. There is no object 
that would authorize the risk and there would be great diffi- 
culty to persuade the Indians to attack posts and villages in 
any other way than by treachery. I am perfectly acquainted 
with the Wabash and Illinois Indians and I am fully persuaded 
that since the departure of Tecumseh and his brother from 
that quarter the larger part will remain neutral. Such is the 
activity of these people in the kind of warfare which they 
carry on upon the frontiers that a very few can do a great 
deal of mischief. I ascertained that seven of those scoundrels 
killed no less than thirty odd of our people (men, women, & 
children) in the course of a few weeks of the spring of 1812. 
I shall set out for Cincinnati the day after tomorrow. I will 
from thence be able to give you more correct opinion of the 
course which is to be pursued to protect the frontiers. I will 
answer your inquiry on the sub. of [Joseph] Wheaton to- 
morrow, and am with great respect sir Your 

Humble Servant. 

Hon. JOHN Armstrong • ^iliam Henry Harrison 

(No. 57) 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
Head Quarters Franklinton May 18th, 1813 

gjjj. Har. Pa. 40-47 

In the evening of the day on which I had the honor to 
address you from Lower Sandusky Gov. ]\Ieigs arrived at that 
place with about 500 mounted and dismounted Infantry. 


Upon a consultation with the Gov. it was determined that 
all the Troops of which there were as he supposes, two or 
three thousand in motion, should be dismissed as soon as pos- 
sible, excepting two hundred for the Garrison of Lower 
Sandusky. There appeared to be no motive for retaining 
them as it was evident that the enemy, Indians as well as 
British, had returned to I\Ialden. Expresses were sent along 
the principal roads with directions for all the troops of eveiy 
description to return ; more than three fourths of them were 
volunteer corps raised by popular and patriotic men who 
turned out for the occasion ^^ithout wishing or expecting any 
compensation. There were however amongst them some 
drafted men to make less the deficiency of the former call. 
Of these I desired the Governor to form two companies of 100 
men each for the garrison of Lower Sandusky and I ordered 
the Garrison of that place amounting to 125 to proceed to 
Cleveland. As they were taken from the Militia of the Con- 
necticut Reserve, the neighbourhood of that place. The gov- 
ernor has gone on in person to Cleveland and will complete 
this detachment to two companies of one hundred each — at 
least he will endeavour to make this arrangement, but it can- 
not be done without the consent of both men and officers. The 
law of this State makes a company to consist of 72 non-com- 
missioned officers and privates. The men have the privilege 
of electing their ovni officers and they cannot be forced to 
serve in any other way than their own laws direct until they 
are organised under one passed by the United States. I 
found Gen. Cass with Gov. IMeigs. He had ordered in a full 
company of 13 months Recruits from Zanesville and a part 
of another from this neighbourhood. They have been directed 
to return to this place. 

Gen. McArthur was on Hull's Road marching in the direc- 
tion of the Rapids with about 300 men and will probably have 
proceeded as far as Fort Findley before he meets the messen- 
ger who was sent with order for his return. I have directed 
him to ascertain the situation of Fort Winchester and rein- 
force the Garrison. From the Kentucky newspapers I learn 
that Colo. [R. M.] Johnsons Regt. of mounted riflemen were 
ordered by Gov. Shelby to rendevous at Georgeto^vn on the 
20th inst. for the purjDose of marching to Fort Meigs, I have 
dispatched an express to the Colo, desiring him to dismiss his' 


men. The citizens of Ohio and Kentucky deserve great credit 
for the promptitude of their exertions upon this occasion. But 
the above detail of the loose manner in which they were pro- 
ceeding to the scene of action sufficiently indicates what would 
have been their fate had they attempted to force a passage to 
Fort Meigs with the small detachments that were in advance. 

By a gentleman who has just arrived from Lexington I 
learn that the 24th Regt. left that place on Friday last and 
that after marching a few miles upon the Limestone road, 
took the direction of Georgetown and Cincinnati. I have had 
no communication whatever with Colo. [William P.] Anderson 
and I am not acquainted with the route prescribed to him. 
As Cleveland will soon have a respectable Militia Corps for 
its protection I would by no means recommend that the 24th 
Regt. proceed thither. 

General Cass informed me that it is one of the most sickly 
places in the Western Country ; that even in spring the in- 
habitants are much subject to intermittent and billions fevers. 
I should certainly prefer the route by the two Sanduskys or 
that of St. Marys and Fort Winchester for all the troops com- 
ing from Kentucky or those reunited in this state west of the 
Muskingum River and south of the dividing ridge between 
the waters of Lake Erie and those of the Ohio. The Militia 
above mentioned and such of the Recruits as are raised in the 
Connecticut Reserve and East of the Muskingum would, I 
should suppose, be adequate to the defence of Cleveland. 

I hope to receive your particular instructions. I am far 
from wishing to avoid responsibility. I am only fearful of 
counteracting your intentions without Imowing them. The 
recruiting of the 12 months men suffers much from the want 
of Clothing. Gen. Cass informs me that he has not heard 
that any has been sent in. 

I have seen and conversed with several of the Militia who 
were made prisoners on the north side of the Miami on the 
5th inst. They state the loss of the enemy in killed and 
wounded as very great. One of them who was wounded him- 
self says that there were sixty nine of the enemys woundt^d 
on board the same vessel with himself. The Indians also suf- 
fered very severely but retaliated upon our unfortunate pris- 
oners. The man from whom I received the information states 
that at least 40 were killed after they were prisoners that the 
British in vain endeavoured to prevent it and a British soldier 


was shot down (a centinel I believe) in endeavouring to 
counteract them in the presence of the British officers. Num- 
hcrs of the Indians left their allies on the Evening of the 5th. 

I have the honor to enclose you a paper presented to me by 
all the field officers shortly after the attack upon Fort Meigs 
commenced requesting me to allow the men an additional half 
ration ; being fully convinced that they could not undergo the 
excessive labour required of them unacquainted as they were 
with those Economical arrangements which enables the ex- 
perienced soldier to subsist upon his allowence. I could not 
hesitate to comply with the recommendation of the officers 
and the measure will I hope meet your approbation. 

In the course of last winter I directed Major [Amos] Stod- 
dard to prepare an estimate of the Ordnance, ordnance stores 
and ammunition which would be wanted for the ensuing cam- 
paign. His estimate vv^as made out and forwarded to Capt. 
[Hezekiah] Johnson at Pittsburgh who delivered it to the Dy. 
Commissary of Ordnance there. As I had no information at 
that time of the determination of the Government to obtain 
the naval superiority on Lake Erie, I directed the cannon (5- 
18 Pounders) to be sent early in the spring to Cincinatti, that 
it might be taken by the route of the Miami of the Ohio and 
that of the Lake to Fort Meigs. I was accidently informed 
some time since that five cannon of that description had ar- 
rived at New port, but that it was not known whether they 
were intended for the North Western Army or to descend the 
Mississippi. Three days ago I received information from the 
Dy. Commissary of Ordnance [Abram R.] Woolley that they 
were those which I had required. The season of navigating 
the Miamis has now passed and I have no alternative but that 
of bringing them up the Ohio to the mouth of the Scioto and 
from thence by land to Sandusky. I have directed the Dy. 
Commissary of Ordnance to send the remaining part of the 
Stores required to such point on the lake as may have been 
selected for the other stores v/hich are to be sent from Pitts- 

Major [James V.] Balls Squadron is now here the horses 
suffered considerably during the seigo, many were killed and 
the whole so reduced that it was with difficulty they were 
gotten in. They will however be soon and cheaply recruited 
in the rich pastures which this country affords. 

Major [Amos] Stoddard's death will make it necessary that 


another field officer of Artillery should be sent on to this Army. 
Indeed a few experienced subaltern officers of that Corps 
would be highly desireable. 

A Sergt. [John] Henderson of the Petersburgh Va. Volun- 
teers had charge of the most important Battery during the 
siege and distinguished himself much. That corps consists 
chiefly of young Gentlemen of the first respectability in the 
State. Mr. Henderson is not inferior to any of them in cor- 
rect and gentlemanly deportment. He would accept of a Sec- 
ond Lieutenancy of Artillery and would I am pursuaded do 
honor to the appointment. 

I have the honor to be with Great Respect Sir Your Humble 

William Henry Harrison 

John Armstorng Esq. Sect of War 

Harrison to B. G. Orr 
Head Quarters, Franklinton, May 19, 1813 

Am. Sta. Pa. — Military Affairs I, 645 


You will be pleased to provide for the issuing of provisions 
at such places within the settlements as Brigadier Generals 
[Duncan] M' Arthur and [Lewis] Cass, and Major [J. C] 
Bartlett, the Deput Quartermaster General, may require. I 
can give no direction with regard to the forwarding of provi- 
sions to the frontiers, or the lakes ; nor information as to the 
delivery of those which the Government have accumulated 
there, until I receive further information from the Secretary 
of War. But the posts of Cleveland and Lower Sandusky 
having been exclusively furnished by the late contractor (Mr. 
Porter) it will be necessary that you make immediate arrange- 
ments for issuing at both these places by the 1st of June. Pro- 
vision should be made at Cleveland for at least eight hundred 
daily issues, and at Lower Sandusky for four hundred. 

I am, respectfully, your humble servant, 

William Henry Harrison 
Benjamin G. Orr, Contractor 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 58) 

Head Quarters Franklinton 19th May 1813 

Ha/r. Pa. ^8-52 


The circumstances which occasioned the suspicions against 
Capt. [Joseph] Wheaton and which I learned from Capt. 
[John H.] Piatt Dy. Qr. M. Genl. are as follows. He was sent 
from Pittsburgh with some cannons in Waggons, a number of 
Cannon Carriages and some waggons with stores and ammuni- 
tion in the whole about 70 teams. His route lay through New 
Lisbon in this state, Canton, Wooster and Mansfield to Upper 
Sandusky and he was furnished by the Quarter Master with 
7500 Dollars for forage and other incidental expenses. Upon 
his arrival at Canton he drew upon the Secretary of War for 
a considerable sum, if I recollect right 2500 or 3500 Dollars 
— at Wooster 80 miles from Canton he sent an Express to 
Capt. Piatt requesting a supply of 3000 Dollars, which was 
sent to him at Wooster he was also furnished with about 1000 
bushels of grain, deposited there by Capt. Piatt At Mansfield 
30 miles from Wooster he again sent to Capt. Piatt for 2 or 
3000 Dollars which was by my order refused. But he re- 
ceived there 600 bushels of grain from Capt. Piatt's Agent. 
From Wooster to Mansfield there are no settlements from 
thence to Sandusky a distance of 45 miles, there is not a house. 
Capt. Wheaton reached the latter place early in Jany and in 
a few days after the cannon and waggons arrived. The 
Horses so worn down the greater part of them drawing empty 
carriages, that they could scarcely be gotten into the settle- 
ment. In a short time after his arrival Capt. Piatt informed 
me that he w^as convinced that Capt. Wheaton could not have 
expended in the public Service all the money he had received. 
That he appeard to wish to get as much as possible in his 
hands and that he believed that Wheaton had a large sum in a 
small trunk in his possession. I was so fully impressed with the 
probability of this being the case that I had at one time de- 
termined to seize the trunk and have it examined. Wheaton 
afterwards made an attempt, in settling with the Team driv- 
ers, to get from them a voucher which would have been passed 
to his credit in the War office, and give them his own private 
due bills for the amount ; this was however prevented by Capt. 


Piatt and I believe that the Waggoners were sent back to 
Pittsburg without tlieir pay. There is no necessity for my 
saying any thing to Gov. Meigs to develope Wheatons char- 
acter. The latter was sent from this place by Major [John 
C] Bartlett as Quarter Master for the Troops which the Gov. 
was taking on to the Rapids when I met them at Lower San- 
dusky the Gov. informed me that he had never seen a man 
so entirely worthless and unfit for any kind of duty and that 
he was laughed at and scorned by all the detachment. Such 
indeed is his character. I regret the necessity of speaking in 
this way of a man who never did me an injury and employed 
more of his thoughts and time in endeavours to conciliate and 
gain my confidence than he does in the discharge of the duties 
of his appointment. 

In the beginning of March I sufl^ered Doctor [Garret E.] 
Pendergrast to leave the army on Furlough for six or eight 
weeks upon his informing me that he would incur a great loss 
of property if he were not permitted to go to Philadelphia. 
He pledged himself to return as there was no surgeon belong- 
ing to the Regular Troops I selected Doctor [Hugh] Stannard 
the Senior Surgeon of the Virginia Brigade of Militia to take 
charge of the Hospital Stores and superintend the Hospital 
until the return of Doctor Pendergrass. Since the discharge 
of his Brigade I have continued him, because there was no 
other in service within my reach that could be trusted with 
the important duties that he performs. The Surgeon of the 
19th Regi;. has been represented to me, by several Medical 
and other respectable characters upon whom I can rely, as be- 
ing a perfect quack, alike destitute of Talents, medical expe- 
rience and education. This will surprise you when you re- 
collect that he was recommended by the members of the Sen- 
ate of this State. He wrote a recommendation, procured the 
signatures of several members and the rest signed it because 
others had done it. They now, I am told, express wonder at 
his having been appointed. Doctor Stannard will continue to 
act until another is sent out. He would, I believe gladly ac- 
cept a prominent appointment, I know that he stands very 
high in the estimation of Gov. Barbour of Virginia. 

Mr. B. G. Orr met me at this place and showed me a copy 
of a contract he has made for supplying the Troops under 
my command. Is it intended that the provisions belonging to 


the United States should be delivered to him? I think the 
public would gain by turning it all over to him with an allow- 
ance of I2V2 per cent for issuing. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir your 
Obt. Humble Servant., 

William Henry Harrison 
The Honble John Armstrong, Esq, Sect, of War 

P. S. The christian name of Sergt. Henderson wliom I had 
the honor to recommend to you for an appointment is John. 

General Orders 

Adjutant General's Office, Head-Quarters, Kingston, 

May 21, 1813 

Niles' Register IV, 272 

The commanding general has great satisfaction in announc- 
ing to the troops the brilliant result of an action which took 
place on the banks of the ]\Iiami river on the 5th inst. with 
part of the North Western Army of the United States, under 
major-general Harrison, and which terminated in the com- 
plete defeat of the enemy, and capture, dispersion or destruc- 
tion of thirteen hundred men, by the gallant division of the 
army under the command of the brigadier general [Henry] 
Proctor. Five hundred prisoners were taken, exclusive of 
those who fell into the hands of the Indians, and whose num- 
ber could not be ascertained. 

Brigader-general Proctor praises the gallant conduct of 
those under his command, and refers to official despatches not 
yet received. The enemy's loss was very severe ; while that of 
the British amounted only to 14 rank and file killed — 1 sub- 
altern, 4 Serjeants, and 37 rank and file wounded. Of the 
militia, 1 captain killed 4 rank and file wounded. 

Edward Baynes, Adj. Gen. [Briiish Army'] 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Departi^ient May 21st 1813 

Har. Pa. 72, 73 


The letters you did me the honor to write to me on the 5th, 
9th and 13th [see above] instant have been received and sub- 



mitted to the President, who has been pleased to direct that 
I should communicate to j^ou, and through you to the Troops 
composing the garrison of fort Meigs, his thanks for the valor 
and patriotism displayed in the defence of that place, and 
particularly by the Corps employed in the Sorties made on the 
5th instant. 

Your future requisitions for ordnance stores will be gov- 
erned by the quantity on hand at Fort Meigs and Franklinton 
and the number and calibre of the pieces you propose to take 
with you against Maiden. Your whole train, if I am well in- 
formed, amounts to thirty five pieces of which nine are eigh- 
teen pounders. 

The 24th Regiment was on the 10th instant at Lexington 
(Ky.) on their way to Cleveland. You will give it any other 
point of rendezvous you may think proper and adopt such 
means to assemble the other parts of your Division, as will 
be most advisable. On this head I would but suggest that 
the arrangement which shall best mask your real design and 
most impress the enemy with a belief that your march to 
Maiden will be by land will be the best. 

Clothing for the 26th, 27th, and 28th Regiments has been 
forwarded from Philadelphia. 

The last accounts of the Boats preparing by Major [Thom- 
as S.] Jessup were favorable. That officer will necessarily 
report to you and take your orders. 

General Proctor's proposition concerning the Indians within 
our Limits, was artful and perhaps but meant to excite suspi- 
cions of them on our part, while it held out to the Indian the 
paternal regards of H. B. Majesty. 

Major Genl. Harrison 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 59) 

Head Quarters, Cincinnatti 23rd May, 1813 

Har. Pa. 53-56 


Upon my arrival here yesterday evening, I was informed 
that Col. [R. M.] Johnson had arrived at New Port a few 
hours before with his Regiment of mounted Infantry. He 
called on me this morning and delivered the letter of which 
the enclosed is a copy, [see following] He further stated to 


^v,^ iU:\t ^\}H•n lie met with the person bearing my order for 
?<!f7uriK ''-'i^'^^ ^^^^- Troops which had been embodied for the 
iilirf of Fort Meigs he had consulted the officers upon the 
j.ri»i)n'('ly of dismissing their men and it was their unanimous 
(ipiiiion that if they were now disappointed in their expecta- 
fion of engaging in actual sei*vice they could never again be 
)))oug)it into the field. This consideration together with the 
letter the Col. had received from you informing him that I 
)iad been authorized to employ the Regiment for the protec- 
tion of the Frontiers induced him to determine to come on 
until they received further directions from me. 

Being as yet uninformed as to the situation of affairs on the 
Illinois, Wabash and Mississippi, I could not determine upon 
the propriety of sending these Troops there immediately. But 
under the circumstances I am pursuaded that a demonstra- 
tion in the direction of Fort Wayne, by such a body of mounted 
men would be attended with very happy effects. I am not 
entirely at ease on the subject of the garrisons in that direc- 
tion. The enemy, if they understand their business (wanting 
provisions as they do) will certainly make an attempt to carry 
some of our weak posts where we have large deposits. Col. 
Johnson's Corps will make all safe in that quarter. Should 
it be determined to send them to the Territories the route 
down the Wabash from Fort Wayne would be quite as eligible 
as any other and by a little inclination to the north they might 
strike some of the Indian Villages on the St. Joseph, or the 
heads of the Illinois. 

I shall order them therefore to Fort Winchester in the first 
instance from thence they can go to either of the Territories, 
make a Coup De Main on some of the Villages in the Vicinity 
of Chicago or some short time hence in conjunction with the 
squadron of dragoons an attack upon Detroit or Brownstown 
by a very favourable route leading from Fort Wayne across 
the head Waters of the River Raison. I have always been 
partial to the assembling a body of Troops in the Vicinity of 
Fort Wayne. It is in the immediate line of communication 
between the Indians of the Wabash, Illinois, Mississippi and 
the South and West sides of Lake Michigan and Maiden. 

Col. [William P.] Anderson with the part of his Regiment 
which was at Massac has arrived here. The Col. has just 
waited on me and shewed me his orders which were to 


proccced to Cleveland. Being at this place there is no more 
eligible route even to Cleveland than that by the way of 
Franklinton and Upper Sandusky. But I should suppose that 
it is no longer desirable that he should go to Cleveland. I 
fear before he could reach that point that the vessels may be 
on the way up the lake to receive the Troops. 

I shall leave this in a few days for Franklinton and com- 
mence the assembling the Troops as soon as I receive your or- 

I have heard indirectly that the recruiting of the 12 months 
men goes on briskly in Kentucky. But I have received no 
Report. Indeed I Imow from common fame only who has been 
appointed the Col. of the Regt. to be raised there. 

I have the honor to be with 
great respect, Sir, Your Obt. Hbl Servant 

William Henry Harrison 
The Honble John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War 

R. M. Johnson to Harrison 

Cincinnatti, 23rd May, 1813 

Ha/r. Pa. 57, 58 


The attack upon Fort Meigs, the small force which you were 
known to have to defend that important post, the danger of 
the intermediate Posts on the left wing of the army under 
your command and other considerations equally important and 
impressive induced me to anticipate the v/ishes of the Presi- 
dent and Secretary of war in marching the Regt. of ]\Iounted 
Volunteers to your command with every practicable dispatch. 
You are aware that the Gov. of the state of Kentucky had also 
recommended the measure. 

After having fixed the day of Rendezvous I was happy to 
receive a letter from the Secretary of war in which he inti- 
mated that you were authorized to call the Regt. in executing 
the plan of a Campaign which you had reported to the Sec- 
retary, and stating positively taht you were authorised to use 
the Regt. for the defence of the Territorial Frontiers. Under 
this view of the subject, I considered it my indispensible duty 
to march the Regt. to the Ohio River and prepare for actual 


I am well convinced that if the Regt. should now be dis- 
missed, it cannot easilj^ be collected, for reasons obvious and 
not necessary to be enumerated. My desire to continue in the 
so'vice with the Regt. does not arise more from the great anx- 
iety of officer and men to serve their country, than from what 
I consider the real advantage which will result from that 
service. I am now anxiously waiting to know what is your 
determination and whether you consider the service of the 
Reg-t. at this time important and necessary, if so, to receive 
your orders upon that ground and I wish your decision, as I 
am convinced that what ever course you may pursue, it will 
meet the entire approbation of the President of the U. States 
and Secretary of War. 

With sentiments of great 
respect and esteem your Obt. Servt 
(Signed) R. M. Johnson 
General W. H. Harrison 

Dr. Samuel M'Keehan's Narrative 

May 24, 1813 

Niks' Register IV, 2U 

On the 31st of January last, I was ordered by general Har- 
rison to proceed to the river Raisin, with a flag of truce, and 
from thence to Maiden, if not stopped by the Indians. We ar- 
rived at the foot of the rapids of the Miami at dark, and not 
finding a company of rangers as expected, we encamped in a 
cave [?], the horse and cariole before the door, and a flag 
standing by them. About mid-night the Indians fired in upon 
us, killed Mr. Lemont, wounded myself in the foot, and made 
us prisoners. After dispatching JNIr. Lemont with the toma- 
hawk, scalping and stripping him, they seized my horse, har- 
ness, great coat, blankets and other cloathing, and one hun- 
dred dollars in gold, which the general had sent to procure 
necessaries for the wounded of general Winchester's army. 

That night I was made to walk more than twenty miles to 
where captain Elliott was stationed with a party of Indians. 
The Captain treated me politely, and sent me to colonel Proc- 
tor. I was scarcely seated before the colonel began to abuse 
general Harrison, said he had been used to fight with Indians, 
and not British; found fault with my instructions, and said 


the flag was only a pretext to cover a bad design. I rebutted 
his insinuations with indignation, which I believe was the 
cause of all my troubles, since I was not received in my official 
character until the 5th of February, when I was informed by 
Proctor's aid, that I should attend the wounded with Dr. 
Bower, and that I should be sent to the United States, but by 
a different route from that by which I came. Dr. Bower in a 
few days was sent home and I detained. 

On the 2d of March I was arrested by order of colonel Proc- 
tor, and accused of carrying on a private correspondence. On 
the 8th, without having any trial, I was ordered to Montreal, 
and hurried on from Fort George night and day, although 
thinly clothed and the weather very cold. From Kingston to 
Prescott, I was made to eat with the officer's servants ! This 
course of torture being finished on the 28th, when I arrived 
at Montreal, and without being asked any questions, or being 
suffered to ask any myself, I was put into a dungeon, eight 
or ten feet below the surface of the ground, where I had 
neither bed or bedding, chair, bench or stool — denied pen, ink, 
paper; or even the use of a book, for two weeks. The only 
fresh current of air that passed through my apartment came 
through the bowels of the privy! Here I was kept thirty- 
three days, when I was to my great joy, put up with the Amer- 
ican prisoners, and with them permitted to remain till last 
Monday, when I was liberated by the intercession of lieu- 
tenant Dudley, of the navy. Colonel Bajaies aid to the gov- 
ernor told me that the outrage which had been committed on 
my person was contrary to his orders. 

I left fourteen American prisoners in jail, who were kept 
in close confinement, notwithstanding colonel Lethbridge and 
major Shackelford had pledged their words to captain Con- 
key, before he left Montreal for Quebec, that they should have 
the liberty of the to\\ai during the day. But the captain was 
scarcely gone, when the pledge was either forgotten or dis- 
regarded. The prisoners now are not permitted to procure 
such necessaries as their small stock of money would provide. 
Sometimes they are half a day without water, and two or three 
days without wood, and if they complain, they are cursed and 
abused by the jailor, and told they are only allowed a quart 
of water in the day. I am requested to represent their situa- 
tion to gen. Dearborn, which I intend to do as soon as I arrive 
at Sackett's Harbor. 


This is a sketch of the indignities I have had to put up with 
since the last of January. 

I am yours, &c. 

Samuel M'Keehan 

John Wingate to Harrison 

St. Mary's, May 28th, 1813 

Har. Pa. 59-61 


The copious fall of rain has given an opportunity of send- 
ing on all the company stores at this place, and the principal 
part at Amanda. 18 flat boats started from this post last eve- 
ning well loaded and there are 28 boats at Amanda but have 
not men to mann all of them, every man able to do duty at 
this post descended the St. Mary's with boats from here. I 
have ordered all from Amanda but a Sergeant, Corpl. and 12 
men, and have ordered Ensign [James] Gray from Ft. Lori- 
mies with 17 recruits to Ft. Amanda to descend with boats 
to the rapids ; it appears I cannot raise as many men as will 
mann all the boats at Amanda. Col. [B. G.] Orr used every 
exertion to procure some assistance from the Indians, but 
could not prevail upon them to send one man, there is some- 
thing new amongst them. They find a thousand faults, they 
say there is but few of them and we wish to have them cut 
off by placcing them in the front of battles and other dangerous 
places, and that they receive no pay for their services, they 
also say that the British Indians, (those that were prisoners) 
had told them they had taken a number of towns and that 
their forces would soon meet tliose in tlie north and take their 
whole country, which appears to have staggered their faith 
& Col. Orr and others have attempted to explain away those 
impressions but without success. They are still under the 
idea that the Americans are trying to deceive them and that 
they stand in a very critical situation, and appeared to be at 
a stand how to act. 

The Boats at Amanda will not start for 3 days as the water 
is now too high and rising, we will start as many as possible, 
all if we can. 1 have directed them to make a stand at Fort 
Winchester and send two or three of the men to Fort Meigs 
and ascertain whether it be safe to proceed to the Rapids and 


if not safe to ask assistance & Further orders from Gen. Mc- 
Arthur who I understand commands at Ft. Meigs. 

I expect a small rifle company from the 5th division to be 
here this evening or tomorrow, one half at least, ought to be 
stationed at Lorimies; you will see the necessity of more men 
being ordered on to this place. 

Capt. [Hugh] Moore complains of not being reinforced at 
Ft. Wayne the Company I expected here this evening are very 
anxious about some money. I promised them a month's pay 
before they agreed to come on. I think a line from Your Ex- 
cellency to the District paymaster would be of service for if 
they should disperse we shall be left in an unpleasant situa- 
tion on this line. I have written Mr. [Jesse] Hunt on the 
subject &c. 

A few minutes ago Black Fish an Indian came in, he states 
that one of Blue Jackets sons was at Wogioockhana, a few 
days ago this fellow fought against you at Fort Meigs, this 
will explain the former part of my letter. 

I have just learned but 15 Boats will start from Amanda 
and that they will set out about 10 o'clock tomorrow. There 
ought to have set out 28 but there are no men to take them. 

There is yet then, a very considerable quantity of provision 

Your Excellency will at once see the necestity of sending 
more troops on this line. 

I am Yours &c with High Esteem 

John Wingate, Br. GL 3rd Detachment O. M. 
His Excellency Genl. Harrison 
A true copy Wm. Winchester, Lt. Aid de Camp 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department May 31, 1813 

Har. Pa. 7A, 75 


Your letter of the 19th instant has been received, [see 

Arrangements will be made for increasing the medical staff 
of your command. 

Herewith inclosed you will receive a copy of the contract 
for supplying the froops in the State of Ohio. You are au- 


thorized to fill up the blank attached to the copy and to ap- 
point agents to deliver over to Messrs. [B. G.] Orr and 
[Aaron] Greely such provisions now in deposit as you may 
deem proper to issue according to the agreement, taking their 
duplicate receipts for the same, one of which must be trans- 
mitted to the accountant of this Department and one to the 
Superintendent General of Militaiy Supplies that Orr and 
Greely may be held accountable for the provisions so received. 

Major Genl. Harrison 

General Orders 

Chillicothe, June 5, 1813 

Niles' Register IV, 271 

The unaccountable delay which has taken place in the march- 
ing of some of the detachments of troops destined for the 
North Western Army, makes it necessary that some effectual 
remedy be provided for an evil which is pregnant with the 
most fatal consequences. 

The general, therefore, directs that every officer when or- 
dered to march with a detachment of troops, shall, upon re- 
ceiving the orders, commence a journal in which he shall in- 
sert the date of his having received the order, and every cir- 
cumstance which tends to procrastinate his march, or delay 
it after it shall have commenced until his arrival at the point 
of destination. In all cases where the orders may have been 
received from the general, or where detachments are destined 
for the head-quarters of the army, or any post upon the fron- 
tiers, a copy of the journal so kept and certified on honor by 
the commanding officer, will be forthwith forwarded to the 
adjutant general's office. In all other cases the copy of the 
journals will be sent to the oflicer ordering the march. 

By order, 

Robert Butler, Cai-). 24th Inf. Assist, Adj. General 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 61) 

Head Quarters Franklinton 8th June, 1813 

Har. Pa. 62-66 


I met here a soldier of the 19th Reg-t. who had been taken 


from Camp Meigs in March last by the Indians, ransomed by 
some of our citizens at Detroit and landed with about 50 of 
the Kentucky Militia at Huron on the 19th Ultimo. This man 
confirms the account of the dispursion of the Indians and he 
says that he was repeatedly informed that they went off in 
high disgust against the British, many of them declaring 
that they would never again make war upon the United States. 
The reason assigned for their disatisfaction was the failure 
of the attempt upon Fort I\Ieigs. The British had promised 
to put them in possession of all the Country between the Ohio 
and the Lake. The provisions which they expected to take at 
Fort I\reigs was to afford them the means of further opera- 
tions. Many of them observed that they were now convinced 
that the British were unable to perform their promise as they 
had been repulsed from Fort Meigs. 

I have no doubt of the correctness of this information. But 
I should deeply regret to having any effect to retard our 
operations or lessen the force which it was contemplated to 
employ. The declarations of an Indian and even his feelings 
today give no security for his conduct on tomorrow — nor 
ought any calculations to be drawn from the destruction of 
their destined presents at York. A substitute can easily be 
found in the large stock of goods which are in the possession 
of private Traders. The British agents are well acquainted 
with the Indian Character. Long experience has put them in 
possession of all the means by which their confidence is to be 
obtained or their passions stimulated. The communication 
from Gov. [Ninian] Edwards to Gov. [Isaac] Shelby and 
which I have seen published in the Kentucky papers shows the 
correctness of the opinion which you long since formed. That 
as long as they had Maiden to protect or my Army to destroy 
they would never think of any other than a desultory war 
upon our Western Settlements. All the Indians that they can 
possibly raise from the country between the Lakes and Mis- 
sissippi will certainly be brought down to Maiden. 

It appears to me that a collateral expedition of (to the one 
across the Lakes) mounted men directed immediately against 
Detroit or wherever the Indians might be found would be 
highly useful. It could be accomplished with little expense. 
Col. [R. ]\I.] Johnson's Regt. and the Dragoons under Lt. Col. 
[Jas. v.] Ball might be encreased by Volunteers from Ken- 


tucky and this state who would serve for 30 or 40 days with- 
out pay to a most formidable body. 

Will you be pleased to inform me whether such an expedi- 
tion will be permitted by the Government. The Volunteers I 
speak of will not be Militia but associations of Individuals 
who will select their own officers and which in this country 
will bring out the best men in it, generally those who are no 
longer on the Llilitia rolls — at least four fifths of the officers 
will be of that description. 

I did myself the honor to inform you that Capt. [Nathaniel] 
Adams had declined the appointment of Asst. Adjt. Genl. As 
there was a necessity of having an officer of that department 
with me I have appointed Capt. Robt. Butler of the 24th Regt. 
to do the duty. He is well qualified for it and I should be 
extremely gratified if he could get the appointment perma- 
nentlj^ Indeed he has some claim to it having been appointed 
by the President early last Winter Asst. Dy. Adjt. Genl. He 
did not however receive any notification of his appointment. 
It was made in the first instance by me upon the recommenda- 
tion of Genl. Winchester. The misfortune to that Gentleman 
and the disbanding of the greater part of his army rendered 
this employment in the Staft' unnecessary until the law was 
repealed under which he was appointed. 

I must beg leave also to recommend that Major [John C.] 
Bartlett be promoted to the rank of Quarter Master Genl. The 
laborious duties of that department require a higher compen- 
sation than he receives and as to his abilities to discharge 
them I should not hesitate to prefer him to any other. Mr. 
[James] Brown of Orleans and Mr. [Henry] Clay of Kenty, 
are both intimately acquainted with him. 

The 24th Regt. arrived here last Evening. It is much re- 
duced by sickness, the reports this morning make only 314 
rank and file present fit for duty. 

I have the honor to be with great Respect 
Sir Your Humble Servt. 

William Henry Harrison 
The Honble John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War, 


Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department Juno 9th, 1S13 

Har. Pa. 70 


General [Benjamin] Howard and Governor [Ninian] Ed- 
wards urge the necessity of more troops in that quarter and 
there being no other disposable force for that purpose at this 
time, the President directs that you order Colonel [R. ^L] 
Johnson with his Regiment of mounted Volunteers directly to 
Kaskaskias to report to General Howard. 

Jilajor General Harrison 

Harrison to R. M. Johnson 
Head Quarters Franklinton 11th June, 1813 

Har. Pa. 67-7^ 

Dear Sir : 

Your letters of the 4th and 5th Inst, were received yesterday 
I inclose you a copy of a letter which came to hand last eve- 
ning giving an account of the glorious success of our army on 
Lake Ontario and of the departure of the forces which de- 
fended INIalden to the assistance of their defeated brethren 
below. Never was a more glorious opportunity offered to 
make a brilliant stroke in the direction of j\Ialden as it is as- 
certained from the accounts brought by all the Kentucky pris- 
oners that its Indian defenders had dispersed immediately 
after returning from the seige of Fort Meigs. Unfortunately 
my Infantry is not in a situation to make a movement whicli 
is calculated to hold the ground that we should occupy. 

Nothing therefore can be done but by way of Coiip De Main. 
Your situation is eminently calculated to make one against 
BrowTistown or any other point in the neighbourhood of it 
which from the information you may receive you may think 
yourself able to attack with success. 

I send the bearer to you. i\Ir. LIcClusky [Col. James ^Ic- 
Closky] who is well acquainted \\ith the Countries around 
Detroit and who will bo able to give you every necessary in- 
formation with respect to its Topography. 

In making the attempt above suggested it is impossible that 
I can give you any other than general instructions for the 
Government of your conduct. Your course in other respects 


must be governed bj- Circumstances as they arise arjd the in- 
formation you may receive. Should you have obtained intelli- 
gence to induce you to believe that the enemy are still in con- 
siderable force at or near INIalden the expedition must be 
given up. But if no information has been received by you to 
contradict the opinion entertained of the dispersion of the In- 
dians and the departure of the British Troops for the Lower 
part of Upper Canada I would have you take the road for- 
merly recommended to you, leading to tlie River Raisin and 
proceed along it to the exterior settlements on untill you shall 
obtain information that can be relied on of the situation of the 
enemy. If it should be such as to promise success to an at- 
tack upon Brownstown or any other of the Enemies Estab- 
lishment in that direction j^ou will immediately make it. If 
otherwise you will return to Fort Wincliester or to Fort ^leigs 
as you may think proper. 

You must constantly have in mind that a partial success 
will be much better tlian to run any considerable risk to obtain 
a greater. Your Corps being however finely mounted your 
movements may be so rapid as to allow you to make your 
stroke and escape pursuit. Unless the enemy should be em- 
bodied to an amount greatly superior to your force. 

The great danger lies in the inattention, (so customary Vvitli 
Militia) of your officers and men, to those measures which are 
necessary to guard against surprise and the confidence and 
rashness with which a first success is so apt to inspire our 
back-woods-men. I rely upon your authority and exertions to 
guard you against the effects of a disposition which has al- 
ready proved so false. When you make an attack let your 
plan be fairly and distinctly formed and see that your princi- 
pal officer's well understand it as must every subordinate one 
the part he is to act. Assure all your men that those who dis- 
tinguish themselves be their station what it may, shall be 
properly noticed in my communication to the President. On 
the contrary those who, by their disobedience or want of at- 
tention to the orders they may receive, may endanger the coips 
or prevent its success shall be publicly and everlastingly dis- 
graced. Your men must be particularly cautioned against 
shouting or firing upon their approach to the enemy until or- 
dered to do so. An imprudence of this kind enabled many of 
the Indians to escape Col. [James] Campbell at the Missis- 


sinway Towns and discovered to Genl [Henry] Proctor the 
advance of Col. [William] Dudley against his Batteries some 
time before he would otherv/ise have known it. To prevent a 
similar occurence you ai'e hereby positively ordered to direct 
the odlcers to cause the first man who offends in this particu- 
lar to be shot down. The lives of hundreds must 7iot be 
jeopardized by the folly or villany of a few individuals. 

I am sorry that the provisions and stores sent from St. 
jMaiy's have been stoped at Fort Wayne. If the river is suffi- 
ciently high, I hope you will use the authority vested in you to 
order the Boats to proceed unless there is a probability of 
their being taken by the enemy. 

A detachment has been sent up from Fort Meigs to Fort 
Winchester to bring down the Boats that are there. If they 
have not all left the latter they can be sent down under the 
escort of the Kentucky Militia company which was sent there 
from Fort McArthur. In the deficiency of men at Amanda 
the Company last spoken of should have been sent up to bring 
down the ballance of the stores and provisions. 

I shall set out in a day or two for the margin of the Lake, 
your letters may be sent to Camp Meigs and if I am not there 
to Lower Sandusky. Inform the people at the River Raisin 
that I shall soon be there with an army to protect them, and 
tliat it is my intention to establish a considerable post there 
in my advance from Fort Meigs. 

I am with Regard Sir Your humble Servant 

(Sig-ned) William Henry Harrison 
Col. R. M. Johnson Com. a Regt of Moimted Infantry 
A true Copy John O'Fallon Aid de Camp 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Franklinton 11th, June 1813 

Har. Pa. 73-77 


1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favors 
•>n}io 19th and 21st Ult. [see above] 

iho approbation bestowed by the Pi'csident upon my own 
and lhi> conduct of the troops employed in the defence of Fort 
•i('ig.s, is highly llatcring, and will prove a great stimulus to 
future exertions. 


I received last evening a letter from the Adjutant General 
of Genl. [Henry] DearlDorn's army, conveying the glorious in- 
telligence of the taking of Fort George and the repulsing the 
enemy in their attack upon Sacketts Harbor. Col. [Winfield] 
Scott also states that it was understood that Genl. [Henry] 
Proctor had gone down with his force to the assistance of 
Genl. Vincent and that he supposes the junction would take 
place near Lake Simcoo. This, must however, be a mistake, 
If Proctor has taken that direction, he must have gone down 
Lake Erie as far as Long Point, from vvhich a settlement and 
road extends to that, leading from Sandwich up the Thames 
to York but whatever route he may have taken, his absence 
from Maiden affords an opportunity for the commencement of 
operations in that direction, which I am unable to profit by, in 
any other way, than by a Co^q) De Main with the mounted 
force under Col. Johnson. 

The Col. left St. Mary's on the 5th inst. with seven hundred 
men for Fort Wayne, from whence he was to get into the road 
leading from the St. Joseph's river to the river Raisin and act 
as circumstances might authorize against the enemy, and then 
proceed to Fort Winchester. 

I have this morning dispatched Mr. McCloskey an intelli- 
gent young man, who is well acquainted with the country, with 
instructions of which the enclosed is a copy, [see above] I am 
convinced that an opportunity of making a very brilliant 
stroke will be offered him, there is nothing to be dreaded but 
the Col.'s inexperience and, the want of discipline amongst 
his men ; for zeal, activity, and bravery, his corps is exceeded 
by none. My presence is indispensibly required here or I 
should have taken this command myself. 

The horses of Col. [James V.] Ball's squadron suffered so 
much in the siege of Fort Meigs that they are not yet fit for 
service, but will be so in a short time. 

Capt. [James R.] Butler of the twelve months Vol. and Lt. 
[David] Gwynn of the 19th Regi: arrived here the day before 
yesterday from Fort IMeigs; from them and the letters brought 
by them, I learn that the troops at that post had been reduced 
by sickness to five hundred effectives. The prevalent diseases 
were the dysentary, and measles, the former brought on by 
exposure during the siege, seized almost every individual. 
There were however, but few deaths, and much the greater 


portion of the sick were convalescent and but few new cases. 
A drove of fine fat Beeves wliich reached the fort some days 
ago, will add greatly to their recovery. 

Every exertion is making to push on the new raised troops 
towards the Lake, the twenty-fourth Regt. would have 
marched tomorrow, ]:>ut for a heavy rain, which fell last night, 
and which has rendered the creeks impassible, I shall go with 
it or follow soon afte]\ 

Gen. [Duncan] I\IcArthur, [Lewis] Cass, and [James] 
Findley have recommended to you a Mr. [Simon Zelotus] 
Watson for the appointment of topographical engineer to this 
army, from what I have seen and heard of him he appears to 
be qualified for the appointment and perhaps better ac- 
quainted with Canada than any other person in the United 

I have the Honor to be With Great Respect Sir 

William Henry Harrison 
Honble. John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of ivar 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department June 14th 1813 

Har. Pa. 77 


The commissions may be bestowed as you propose in your 
letter of the 5th instant. My preceding letters have author- 
ized you to assemble the troops where you may think best — 
keeping in view their prompt embarkation when the vessels 
shall be ready for action. The clothing foi- the three new regi- 
ments has been long since on the road for Chilicothe and New- 

The order given for issuing half a ration per man extra, 
may have been justified by the circumstances of the siege, but 
ought to have terminated with th(?se. 

I have not received the list of prisoners of war who have 
enlisted. There is on the subject of exchanges, an obstinacy 
and insolence on the part of Sir Geo. Prevost which must be 

It would be of much importance to have circulated among 
the hostile tribes of Indians the late occurrences on Lake On- 
tario and Niagara River. How could this be done? The enemy 


^vi]l no doubt endeavor to keep these poor wretches in the 

The wliole number of Deputy connnissaries of Ordnance au- 
tliorized by law is four. I have proposed to Congress to add 
five others. This proposition, if adopted, will give room for 
]\Ir. [Robert D.] Richardson. 

I\Iajor General Harrison 

Harrison to John H. Piatt 
Head Quarters Franklinton June 18th 1813 
Sir: Har. Pa. 102 

You will superintend the issues and safe keeping of all the 
provisons belonging to the United States except tliose at Camp 
Meigs, the two Sanduskys, Delaware, Franklinton, Chilicothe 
and those to the eastward of the Scioto. 

The Contractors are not to be suffered to issue at any of 
those places where the public have provisions. 

Every possible exertion is to be made, to have the provisions 
from Fort Wayne, Fort Winchester and Amanda taken to the 
Rapids, and that at Lorimie's taken to St. Marys. ^ 
I am Respy. Yr. Humble Servant. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
John H. Piatt Dy. Coinmng. Genl. 

Harrison to B. G. Orr 
Head Quarters, Franklinton, June 20, 1813 

o,^ . Avi. Sta. Pa. Mil. Affairs I, GJt5 

I am directed, by the Secretary of War, to complete the 
arrangements v/ith you for turning over to you all the pro- 
visions which have been purchased on the public account. 

1. From the North West. INIajor acn. HaniKon was at Franklinton, June 16. 
Col. Anfleison with a ro.;;iment of regulars, 800 .stiduK, liad airived there from Ten- 
nessee, where they were recruited. We may look for offensive operations in a few days. 
The frovernor of Ohio has invited his fellow-citizens to join Kcn. Harrison in a short 
tdvir of duty in the territory of Michiican and distiict of Maiden, aKainst their IJrilish 
enemies and their ferocious allies, that peace may rest on their borders. They are 
to be mounted. 

A regiment of T2 months men, laised in Kentucky, and cominaiidcd by Col. [Thomas 
novel OwinRs, were to ma)oh to join (Ion. Harrison about the 24th of .lune. 

The death of Ken. Green Clay, of Kentucky, at Fort MeiKs, has been announced. 
Wc are happy to say the report is not true. lie had been ill, but was convalescent. 

NUcs' Rci/iUcr IV, gS!) 



It is necessary, therefore, that you should immediately meet 
mo at Lovrcr Sandusky, in order that the business may be 
finislied as soon as possible. I have directed that no issues 
of provisions be made, on your account, at any of the posts 
wliere the public have th.ern. There is, I imagine, full as much 
provisions on hand, the property of the United States, as will 
be wanted for the campaign some fresh beef excepted. 

I am, etc. 

William Henry Harrison 
B. G. Orr, Confracfor to the Eight Military District 

Green Clay to Harrison 

Cai^ip Meigs, June 20th, 1813 

Har. Pa. 7S-S1 

Dear Sir : 

Two men, one a Frenchman and the other a private in the 
late Col. [William] Dudley's regiment have just arrived from 
Detroit and from whom we have the important intelligence 
that the enemy contemplates another attack upon this Gar- 

The Frenchman states "that the Indians had for some time 
been urging Genl. Proctor to renew the attack. A council of 
war was held a few days since when it was determined to re- 
new the attack on Fort Meigs, and the combined forces were 
to set out on this day or tomorrow at furthest ^\ith that view. 

From every information the Indians would be about 4,000 
strong with the expectation of an additional reinforcement of 
perliaps as many more. The British Regulars (about 1600 
strong) from fort George and Fort Erie, had been sent for 
and were expected at ]\Ialden. 

The Canadian Militia had been paraded on the 4th June 
(the Kings birth day) and after a speech by the Genl had beer. 
ordered to yield up their arms being deemed unworthy his 
majesty's service. 

Tecumsch was encamped on the River Rouge near its mouth. 

The Prisoner, Thomas Law of Capt. Kerrs Company Ken- 
tucky ]\Iilitia, states "on the 5th i\Iay he was taken prisoner 
by the Indians and carried about 150 miles above Detroit to 
the Sajuna [Saginaw] Tribe v.'here he remained with two 
other Prisoners untill a few days past when all three at- 
tempted their escape. 

They were discovered by the Indians fired on and scattered 


but neither killed. He then made his way good to the neigh- 
bourhood of Detroit when ho fell in with the Frenchmen whose 
statement precedes and who agreed to accompany him to this 

When at a small distance from Detroit he was met or over- 
tiiken by a large portly man of fair complextion who tole him 
to hurry on to this place with all possible expedition and in- 
form the Commanding oflicer there that this place would be 
again besieged. The enemy would consist of about 400 In- 
dians 15 or IGOO regulars (a reenforcement just arrived at 
]\Ialden) and the whole regular foiTe from that post, and that 
the enemy would set out by Monday — tomorrow for this place. 

He also states that previous to his leaving the Indians nearly 
all the warriors from the Saguna tribes had left their To'\\ms 
for Detroit. 

That the person who gave him this information states as his 
opinion that the enemy intended an attack on the post in the 
rear of this and that his opinion was founded on information 
secured from a squaw. 

The officers of the garrison have been generally consulted 
an they give the fullest confidence to the belief that the enemy 
contemplate another attack on this Fort nor do I hesitate to 
join in the belief. 

The importance of this communication needs no comment 
from me. 

We shall be prepared to give our enemy a warm reception 
come when they will. I have every confidence in your exer- 
tions and feel that it is through you this army looks for tri- 
umphs over its enemies. 

I have sent express on different routes and to different 
posts to meet you and enclosed copies of this communication 
to Gov. Meigs and Shelby. I have taken the liberty to order 
Colo. [R. M.] Johnson's regiment of mounted men from Fort 
Winchester to this place immediately. 

By different detachment sent from this place we have re- 
ceived from Fort Winchester about 1200 barrels flour includ- 
ing that escorted by Ensign Gray from Amar.da. 

I am with high consideration and respect your Humble 

(Signed) Green Clay 
His Excellency ]\Iajor Genl. William H. Harrison 
A True Copy John O'Fallon Aid de Camp 


Harrison to B. G. Orr 
Head Quarters, Franklinton, June 22, 1813 

o„. Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Affairs I, 6i5 

Your letter of this date is now before me; the pi'oposition 
contained in it cannot be acceded to. The only arrangement 
which I think myself authorized to make, is that of delivering 
over to you all the public provisions, of every description, 
which have been purchased fo]* the army, and taking your 
receipt for it, in the manner prescribed by the Secretary of 
War's instructions. I must observe, also, that most of the 
provisions arc placed in situations where it was never in- 
tended they should be used; nor can I say how far the United 
States will be bound to pa.y for the transportation of it. This 
question will remain for the determination of the Secretary of 
War. I have also to inform you that a contract exists and is 
now in operation for transporting the provisions which are at 
Norton and Upper Sandusky to Lower Sandusky. The pub- 
lic teams are also engaged in this business. Should it be de- 
termined that the contractors are to pay the expense of trans- 
portation, all that is transported after this day will of course 
be charged to them. I cannot give you a correct statement 
of the provisions we have on hand; it is, however, sufficient 
to serve the whole of the troops to be employed within this dis- 
trict, and in the operations against Detroit and Maiden, at 
least, until the first of December, next. 

I am, very respectfully, your humble servant, 

William Henry Harrison 

Harrison to Governor Meigs 
Head-quarters, Franklinton June 23d, 1813 

Dear Sir* NUcs' Register IV, SOS 

An express has just arrived from camp Meigs, bringing 

information that an army of British and Indians Vv'^ere about 

to make another attack upon that place. I think it probable 

that fort ]\Ieigs is not the object, but that the attack will be 

upon Lower Sandusky, Cleveland or Erie. I shall set out early 

in the nioj'ning for Saiidusky, and will keep you constantly 

a|)prised of the events passing in that direction. I am your 


Wm. II. Harrison 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 64) 

(Head Quarters) Franklinton, June 23, 1813 

Har. Pa. S3 


The letter from Genl. [Green] Clay of which the enclosed is 
a co}3y was received by an express this moment arrived, [see 
June 20 above] 

The five companies of the 24th Rcgt. are between Upper and 
Lower Sandusky, one hundred and forty of the 26ih Regt. 
and about sixty of the seventeenth, are at this place, about 
fifty of the latter are on the march from Cincinnati. 

The recruits of the 26th when assembled will amount to 
about three hundred, one fourth of them, are however, pris- 
oners of War. 

I send this through to ineet the mail at Zanesvihe. I have 
sent an express to Col. [R. IM.] Johnson, directing him, if pos- 
sible to get into Fort Meigs, should he be unable to do so he 
will pj'oceed to join the troop on the road from this to Camp. 
Meigs. I have sent an express to inform Major [Thomas J.] 
Jessup and Capt. [Oliver H.] Perry of the navy of the move- 
ments of the enemy. 

I shall set out tomorrow myself for Sandusky. 

WiLLiA^i Henry Harrison 
The Hon. John Armstrong Secretary of War. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 65) 

Head Quarters Franklinton 23rd June 1813 

Har. Pa. SJf, 85 


Having understood that insinuations had been made to the 
prejudice of Col. [James] ]\Iorrison late Dy. Qr, Genl. of the 
Noi'th Westei'n army whilst acting in that capacity, justice to 
that Gentlema)! induces mc; to declare that I am fully pur- 
suaded that no man in the U. States could have jjcj-formed the 
duties of that Department with more zeal, fidelity and aility 
than did that Gentleman. Such were his ar]-angements that in 
despite of the most unfavorale winter ])erhaps that has ever 
been known in the Westei'n Country for such operations, the 
Army would have been supplied with pi'ovisions in its advance 


to Maiden. The great expenses of his Department were early 
foreseen and stated by him to the Secretary of War, and al- 
though it cannot be denied that great abuses have been prac- 
ticed by many of the inferior Agents of the Department, they 
were unavoidable from the necessity that existed of employing 
men for whose character he was obliged to rely upon the in- 
formation of others. 

I have the honor to be with great respect 
Sir Your Obedient Servt. 

William Henry Hariiison 
The honble John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 66) 

Headquarters Franklinton, 24th June 1813 

Har. Pa. 85-90 


I wrote to you last night hastily encloseing a copy of a letter 
just received from Gen. [Green] Clay. I think it most prob- 
able that the enemy will attack some other point than Fort 
Meigs; their great objects are to get provisions and destroy 
our vessels before they are ready for service. 

There are at Lower Sandusky about five hundi'cd barrels 
of flour I sent Col. [Samuel] Wells off last evening to that 
post with directions to take command of it and should the 
Lritish approach it in force to destroy the stores and fort and 
i-..;lire towards Upper Sandusky with the Garrison which is 
coiii{)()sod entirely of nuitinous militia. The post indeed could 
not be defended against Heavy artillery which could be 
brouglit by water to the spot. Provisions being necessary to 
tlio enemy, and our supplies so large, that it appears to me 
to be our policy to destroy any of our magazines rather than 
run any great risque of having them taken. 

I have directed Col. [\^'illiam P.] Anderson to lialt between 
('j)ix'r and Lower Sandusky and fortify his camp. I sliall 
reach him tomorrow night. The troops that are coming on 
in deta(']nn(!nts from the recruiting rendezvous have been oi'- 
dered to follow in that way. 

Mr. [Ben. G.] Orr the conti-actor declines taking the public 
provisions untill he can see you for which purpose he sets out 
this moniing for Washington, he complains of the want of 


funds and asserts that he has purchased or left money to pur- 
cliase a considerable quanity of provisions at Cleveland, this 
he ouglit not to have done, at least not to a greater amount 
than for the temporary supply of Cleveland and Lov/er San- 
dusky as he knew of the immense supplies we had on our 

I enclose herewith a statement of the provisions now on 
hand at Fort Meiges. 

I have the honor to be with great 
respect your Obedient Servant 
William Henry Harrison 
lion. John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War "\ 

Roi)ort of provisions remaining at different posts on the Cen- 
ter and Left wing of the N. W. Army the purchases of John 
II. Piatt Depy. Purchasing Commissary on the 24th day of 
June 1813. 

Name of Post 





T3 O 

m ^ 

—; =" 

— ; " 


3 *r3 

— < -t-^ 

. M 

g o 

3 o 

(P 73 

-^ 2, 

.Q .2 

-^ "rt 

-o o 

o a 

O o 

O d 

CQ Ph 

M P5 


m m 

W Ph 

Ph cq 

« W 

m u 

Kt. Winchester. .1,209 247 119 13 

Ft. Jennings 


St. Marys 





Ft. Findley 

Ft. McArtluir... . 















193 607M 2523^^ 




20,000 I 101 18l Part of the 
flour damaged being sunk in 
the river after leaving Amanda 
and St. Marys and for the 
want of proper care after it 
arrived at Ft. Winchester. 

























Good ord. 

73 Total Amt 

At all the above mentioned Posts I have appointed issuing 
commissaries by Order of Major Gcnl. William H. Harrison 
at thirty dollars per month who will continue to issue till ar- 
rangements are made for the contractors to receive the public 

provisions at those posts. 

John H. Piatt 


John H. Piatt to Harrison 

Cincinnati, Jime 30, 1813 

Am.. State Papers Military Affairs, 653 

Dear Sir : 

Having made the necessary arrangements, I returned to this 
place on the 28th, and shall take every possible care to have 
the provisions in my charge taken care of, and issued in the 
proper manner. I have now ready two hundred and twenty- 
five beeves, taken up at Manary's block-house, which shall be 
forwarded whenever your excellency thinks proper to give the 
order. Your family are in good health. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, John H. Piatt 

Harrison to Secretary of War ? ' 

(No. 68) 

Head Quarters Lower Sandusky July 2nd 1813 

Har. Pa. 91-9 A 


I did myself the honor to write to you on the 23rd Ult. 
[see above] from Franklinton communicating the information 
I had received from Fort Meigs and my intention of setting 
out for that post the next day. I overtook the 24th Regi 
about 20 miles below upper Sandusky in the evening of the 
2()ih and having selected the men who were able to make a 
forced march to the amount of 300 I proceeded with all pos- 
sible expedition and on the evening of the 28th reached Fort 
IMeigs. I found that Col [R. M.] Johnson's Mounted Inft. 
had been there some days. As Genl [Green] Clay could give 
no fresh information of the movements and designs of the 
eiiemy I directed Col. Johnson to despatch a select party of 
men to the river Raisin to procure it. The Colonel took com- 
mand of the party and returned to Fort Meiges the night be- 
fore last, bringing with him two Frenchmen one of them a 
citizen of the Michigan Territory the other a British Subject. 
The Colonel visited all the inhabited Houses at the River 

The information derived from all of them correspond and 
among them was Col. [Francis] Navarre a Militia oiTicer of 
Respectability. Tliey had heard of no reinforcement of Brit- 
ish Troops arriving at Maldon nor any considerable accession 


of Indians since the seige of Fort Meigs. The Indians had 
pressed Genl. Proctor to make another attack upon Fort Meigs 
and was much disatisfied with his putting them off. They at 
lengtli heard of the progress of the war below and the taking 
of Fort George through a Mr. Kinsey an Indian trader [John 
11. Kinzie, founder of Chicago] . Proctor caused Kinsey to be 
seized, the Indians demanded and obtained his release, and he 
had held councils, the proceedings of which were kept secret 
from the British. Co. Navarre also informed Col. Johnson 
that one hundred warriors principally of the Ottawa tribe 
had passed the River Raison in Boats and canoes to take scalps 
in the vicinity of this place. 

As there was no object of importance to keep me longer at 
Fort INIeigs I set out from thence yesterday with an escort 
of Col. Johnson Regt. and came to this place in the hope of 
meeting with Col. [James V.] Ball's squadron with which 
and the mounted riflemen I brought with me I expected to 
defeat any attempt of the Indians above mentioned. Unluck- 
ily they had made a stroke the day before killing at a farm- 
house near this place 3 men a woman and two children. They 
returned towards Fort Meigs and I am in hopes that Col. 
Johnson, whom I ordered to follow me will meet with them. 

Col. [James V.] Ball has not arrived but will be here in a 
few hours. His destination is Cleveland. I have ordered there 
also, all the recruits enlisted for the 27th Regt in the Connec- 
ticut Reserve and shall proceed there myself tomorrow. 

Upon the arrival of Col. Johnson at Fort Wayne he deemed 
it proper to follow some Indians, that had killed three men in 
a Boat descending the St. Marys, as far as the Potawatimie 
Town or the St. Josephs of Lake Michigan. He saw several 
small parties of Indians but was unable to come up with them. 
The Towns were destroyed by a Detaclmient which I sent 
from Fort Wayne last September and have not since been re- 
built. The colonel returned to Fort Wayne and from thence 
descended to Fort Winchester where he was preparing to ex- 
ecute my order for an attack upon Brownstown when he re- 
ceived a letter from Gen. Clay requiring him to repair to Fort 
Meigs. His horses are too much reduced to undertake the 
proposed enterprise against Brownstown. I have therefore 
directed him to go to Huron River to recruit them. The en- 
emy are so illy supplied with provisions as to justify very con- 


siderable risk to obtain them. Should they reduce Fort Wayne 
or Fort Winchester what they might obtain at those places 
will be of little services to them as they cannot take it off. 
From this place Huron or Cleveland it could be easily carried 
to ]\Ialden. At the two places there is a considerable quantity 
of Hour the property of Individuals. 

The position which Col. Johnson will occupy will enable him 
to reinforce the troops at this place or Cleveland with great 

The monthly Returns from the several posts under my com- 
mand having not reached Fort Meigs till a few days before 
my arrival there, it is not in my power at present to forward 
a Genl. Retum, But have left Capt. [James R.] Butler the 
Actg. Asst. Adj. Genl. at Fort Meigs to prepare one from 
there which will be forwarded as soon as completed. 

I have the Honor to be with Great Respect Sir 
Your Humble Servt. 

^^ ^'y^ ^:£':r;/ i^ iVNA ■ WiLLIAM HENRY HARRISON 

Hon. Gen. Armstrong. Secty. of War 

R. M. Johnson to Harrison 

, ^ . ' Camp at Lower Sandusky, 

July 4th, 1813 
-^ _, ... McAfee, History, 310 

Dr.,\n Sir— 

I an-ived at this place last evening with a part of the 
mounted regiment, after two days march from camp Meigs, 
leaving two companies four miles in the rear, who were un- 
able to reach this place; besides about twenty horses left on 
the way, which I am in hopes will be able to get back to camp 
Meigs or come to this place in a few days, where we can keep 
them together and recruit them. Having been in the most 
active service for upwards of forty days, and having travelled 
upwards of 700 miles, much of it forced marching, it is nat- 
ural to conclude that most of the horses are weak ; and we feel 
grunt pleasure, and obligations to you, in finding your ar- 
rangements such as to enable us to recruit the horses of the 
regiment. To be ready to move with you, to Detroit and 
Canada, against the enemies of our country, is the first wish 
of our hearts. Two great objects induced us to come — first, 
to be at the regaining of our own territory and Detroit, and 
at the taking of Maiden and secondly to serve under an officer 


in wliom we have confidence. We could not have engaged in 
the service without such a prospect, when we recollected what 
disasters have attencd us for the want of good generals. We 
did not want to serve under cowards, drunkards, old grannies, 
nor traitors, but under one who had proved liimself to be wise, 
prudent and brave. The officers of the mounted regiment had 
some idea of addressing you on their anxiety to be a part of 
your army in the campaign against Canada, and of giving you 
a statement of the importance of having an opportunity to 
make the regiment efficient for such a campaign by recruiting 
their horses. As to the men they are active, healthy and fond 
of service. This morning I have sent out 100 on foot to scour 
the surrounding country; and wherever we are we wish con- 
tinual service. Our regiment is about 900 strong when all 
together. I have left 100 at Defiance to regain some lost 
horses, and to guard that frontier. 

You have not witnessed the opposition I encountered in 
raising the regiment. Every personal enemy, every traitor 
and tory, and your enemies, all combined — but in vain. Noth- 
ing but the hurry which attended our march prevented me 
from having 1500 men. Nothing but the importance of the 
service, which I thought we could render, would have justified 
my absence from the present catch penny congress. (The 
great object of the session was to raise a revenue) My 
enemies, your enemies, the enemies of our cause, would exult 
if the mounted regiment should from any cause, be unable to 
carry a strong arm against the savages and British, when 
you strike the grand blow. 

It is with much diffidence I write you anything touching 
militaiy matters; but the desires of my soul and the situation 
of the regiment, have induced me thus freely and confidentially 
to express myself. In the morning we shall leave this place 
for Huron, ready to receive your orders, which will always be 
cheerfully executed at every hazard. 

Your obedient servant 

Rd. M. Johnson 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
No 70 

Head Quarters Cleveland July 6th, 1813 

o,„ Har. Pa. 95, 96 


I arrived here at 9 o'clock this morning. I found ]\Iajor 


[Thomas S.] Jessup with about 170 effective men, 80 of which 
are of the Artillery Corps viz. Capt. [Stanton] Sholes com- 
pany of the 2nd Regiment and the small detachment that was 
taken with Capt. [Samuel] Price. 

I have had only verbal accounts of the progress of our naval 
armament at Erie towards completion. A letter from Capt. 
[Oliver Hazard] Perry unfortunately passed me on the way 
hither and will not arrive until late this evening. I am in- 
formed, however that the vessels are equipped and waiting 
only for their crews. It is highly desirable that they should 
pi'oceed up the Lake as soon as possible. By taking possession 
of the Harbour at the Bass Islands they would oblige the ships 
of the enemy to confine themselves to Maiden or risk a battle 
in the present deficient state of their crews. Is it not indeed 
the intention of the Government to bring to speedy issue the 
contest for the naval superiority upon this lake? 

In a former letter you did me the honor to inform me that 
the deficiency in the regular troops contemplated to be em- 
ployed under my command, was to be made up with militia. 
From whence are these Militia to come? and by whom called 
into service? They could be furnished with most convenience 
and marched to the Lake much sooner from the upper coun- 
ties of Pennsylvania and Virgina, than from Kentucky or even 
from this state. There will be no difficulty in getting the Ken- 
tucky Militia now in service to cross the Lake, nor am I ap- 
prehensive that any will exist with those which maj^ be taken 
from the other states. 

I have the honor to be Vv^ith great respect and consideration 

Humble Servant 

William Henry Harrison 
Ilonble. J. Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary op War 
No 71 

Head Quarters Cleveland July, 9th, 1813 

Har. Pa. 97-99 


I had not the honor of receiving youi" letter of the 9th of 
June, [see above] until the evening before last, it had been, 
by a blunder of the post master at Chilicothc sent to Cin- 


cinatti; the moment I received it, I dispatched a special 
express to Col. [R. M.] Johnson directing* him to' proceed im- 
mediately to Kaskaskias. I have left to him the choice of 
the two routes, Vis, by Forts Winchester and Wayne and 
down the south side of the Wabash to Vincennes, or that by 
U. Sandusky, Fort McArthur, St. Marys, Greenville. The old 
Delaware towns, or White river, Ft. Harrison and Vincennes. 

I am still of opinion that the fears entertained of an inva- 
sion of the Illinois and Missouri Territories, by anj'' consider- 
able force, are entirely groundless. All the accounts lately re- 
ceived from Maiden and Detroit, agree as to the daily 
expectation of the arrival of [Robert] Dixon with a further 
reinforcement of northern and V/estei-n Indians. 

I have as yet received no information from Capt. [Oliver 
II.] Perry. My anxiety to know the precise situation of our 
naval armament, has induced me to dispatch an officer to Erie. 

A company of the 27th Regt. will probably arrive here this 
evening. Major [Robert] Morrison who was sent by Genl. 
[Lewis] Cass to command the two companies ordered here, 
arrived a few days ago. I am sorry to find that he, as well 
as Maj. [Jeremiah R.] IMunson the other Major of the Regi- 
ment are prisoners of war, as I am told is the case with sev- 
eral of the other ofTicers, and a number of the men. It is 
much to be regreted that one of those regiments had not been 
allotted to Tennessee, or the upper parts of Virginia and Pen- 
sylvania. f 

Major [Andrew Hunter] Holmes has arrived at this place. 

I have the Honor to be With great i-espect Sir, 
Your Humble Servant 

William Henry Harrison 
The Hon. John Armstrong Esq. SecreUiry of War 

N. B. Lt. [William 0.] Winston's resignation is accepted to 
take effect this day. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No 72) 

Head Quarters Cleveland 9th July 1813 

Har. Pa. 100 


The uncommon sickness of the Troops for two months past 
and the great waste of Hospital stores and medicines by the 
Militia Surgeons and mates at the small posts render it ncc- 



ossaiy that a supply should be forwarded as soon as possible. 
I do myself the Honor to enclose a list of such as will be im- 
tnodiately wanted, furnished by Dr. [Hugh] Stanard. 

1 have written to the Dp. Qr. Master Genl. at Pittsburgh 
to send on by land to this place, a few articles of groceries 
and some muslins. Permit me to request that orders be given 
foi' all the liquor destined for the Hospital department to have 
a d)y Barren put over that which contains them. Experience 
has long since convinced all those in the Western country who 
a)"c desirous of having their Liquors secured from plunder and 
adulteration, that it is the only way of affecting it. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir Yr. Humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Tlie Honble John Armstrong Esqr. Secretary of War 

The following is a list of Medicine and Hospital Stores 
which will be immediately wanting. 


Peruvian Bark (in powder) 50 

Opium 10 

Camphor 10 

Calomel 5 

Corrosive Sublimate 2 

Tfirtar Emetic 2 

(.•amhnpo 2 

•^«1"P 10 

IlK.'cauanto 17 

Iihcubarh (in powder) 10 

Kino 15 

Colombo (in powder) 20 

Nitro Crude 20 

Sweet Spirits 40 

C.Iaubors Salts 50 

Prepared Cludk... 20 

Coaster Oil 12 

Olive Do 5 

(ium Arabic 20 

AHume 5 

Accjuous 20 

Adlifsive plaster 20 

I-'arloy 2 

Chocolate 300 

Tapioca 50 

Meigs, June 30, 1813 

lb. Blisting Ointment 20 

lb. Bees Wax 20 

lb. Mariated Acid 4 

lb. Sulphuric Acid 4 

lb. Nitric do 4 

lb. Vials 5 

lb. Instruments- 
lb. Amputation 3 

lb. trepanning 3 

lb. Pocket 3 

lb. Cases Scalpels No. 

lb. Lancets 3 

lb. Splints 12 

lb. Sponge 7 

lb. Muslin 1000 

lb. Wine 200 

gal. Brandy or Rum 100 

" Vinegar 200 

lb. Molasses 200 

CofTee 300 

lb. IlysonTea 60 

lb. Rice 5 

barl. Sugar 6 

lb. Sago 50 


H. Stanard 
Hospital Surg. Mate. 















R. M. Johnson to Harrison 

Camp Mouth Huron, Ohio, July 9th 1813 On Lake Erie 

Har. Pa. 103-108 

Dr. Sir: 

The absence of the Lt. Cols, and 2nd Major and the indis- 
position of Major [Duval] Payne prevents me from waiting 
upon you personally in consequence of the favor I have just 
received from you. You have the evidence of the resolution 
and willingness of the Mo. Regt. to do their duty and what 
is here to be said is predicated upon the situation of the Mo. 
Regiment. I have been afraid to distress the officers and men 
of this Regt. with a communication of the contents of yours, 
untill I can again hear from you ; after faithfully stating facts 
which cannot be entirely known to you much less could the 
President know them on the 9th June when he gave an order 
to the War Dept. to direct the march of this Regt. to Kas- 
kaskias. I put wholly out of the question the desire of the 
men to serve under you personally and the anxiety of assisting 
in retaking our lost territory and seeing Maiden fall. These 
desires and anxieties, however to be indulged among friends 
in social life, must not be mentioned against a military order. 

Inability to comply with the order to any advantage to the 
Country or to the honor of the Corps is alone taken as the 
ground for a wish to remain on this station — the difficulty does 
not exist in your mind, as you express a regret of the necessity 
of a separation from your command, the order of the Presi- 
dent alone will create the doubt, if any, what course ought 
to be pursued. I only in my turn regret that I had not the 
speed of an arrow to give him the statement I am now mak- 
ing out for you. That great and good man would not hesi- 
tate one second to comply with my reasonable wishes With 
the opportunity now offered of feeding our horses on grain 
and good grass ten days is the earliest possible period that 
the Regiment could take uj) the line of march to any distant 
point or attempt with any advantage a forced march a shorter 
distance. After which, commencing the march, say to Kas- 
kaskias at least 400 miles or more the route we should have 
to go, the Regt. could not average more than 15 miles per day, 
leaving out the necessity that would occasionally occur to pre- 


vent marching every day. Say 30 days to travel to Kaskaskias 
It wouki then require at least 15 or 20 days upon g'}-ain and 
forage to fit our hoi'ses for active service U}3on the frontiers, 
or into the enemies country. The Regt. would then ha^'e been 
in service 110 days 50 days having elapsed leaving 20 days 
to complete the term of service for which they engaged, unless 
some extraordinary occurrences should make it indispcnsible 
to remain longer. But this is not all ; under these circum- 
stances we should not get to Kaskaskia more than 400 horses, 
more especially if I leave behind Capt. [Duval] Payne's Com- 
pany which I am disposed and willing to do if left to me. This 
Sir, is a Regt. for which I stand pledged in the hou]- of peril, 
will be destroyed and rendered totally useless to their beloved 
country, to say nothing of the prospects which now opens to 
them in this quarter of usefulness of glory and honor. But 
this is not the only conti'ast. By remaining at Huron ten or 
15 days feeding our Horses on grain and guarding the im- 
portant frontier by scouting parties daily with an opportunity 
of feeding our Horses one or two days at Lower Sandusky on 
grain on our returning the same opportunity of five days at 
Camp Meigs and the grain is all purchased and the Mounted 
Regt, can transport it to those places then and in that case 
I can carry to Raison, Brownstown, Detroit, Maiden and its 
vicinity under forced marching or otherwise between 800 and 
900 eflfective men. So effective that they shall on all occa- 
sions drive superior numbers of the enemy. In this situation 
if our horses should fail we can again give them rest while 
we act as Infantry corps or should we be dismissed having 
performed our duty and tour our horses could be driven to 
10 or 15 miles a day homewards without loss to indigent and 
patriotic men or the public at this moment, in lost and dis- 
abled horses. I have more than 100 dismounted. Arrange- 
ments have been made by new purchases &c. to keep up the 
strength of the Regt. leaving a few men to search for lost 
Horses at different points and to take care of the Invalid 
horses, which can be saved alone by this plan. Strange as 
this may appear I have in nothing exagerated. If the oflicers 
collect should be called upon, a statement more unfavourable 
would be given. In the revolving seasons of 20 years per- 
haps no spring and summer could have been so unfavoui'able 


for the horses of a Mo. Regt., notwitlistaiiding which we 
avoided no duty; Indeed we tliinlc we have done much in 
frustrating the savages in their designs against any part of 
our extensive frontier. To Fort Wayne from the point of our 
rendezvous 300 miles. Our Circuit to Lake Michigan about 
200 miles, making 500. To Camp Meigs from Fort Wayne 
100 making 600 miles. To River Raison and back 60 miles 
to this place 70 miles making total of at least 730 miles and 
this is the 50th day since we took up our line of march; and 
leaving at these different points parts of the Regt. to guard 
and act as reconnoitring parties to be concentrated when or- 
dered. Altho it would be improper for one in my situation 
to say anything that would seem to insinuate that any or- 
der from a superior might be superceded without injurious 
consequences still it is not improper to express some 
consolation in a Belief from recent circumstances and infor- 
mation that no great body of Indians are embodied upon the 
Frontiers of Indiana and Illinois &c. but that they still re- 
main in the circle of Brownstown, Maiden &c. except those 
who have scattered off into small parties from disaffection 
to the cause of G. Britain and I may also add that before 
this Regiment could reach Kaskaskias I hope the people there 
will be rendered still more secure by your movements and 
success here. If the Regt. had been destined to Kaskaskias 
in the first Instance, no service would have been more ac- 
ceptable, except a wish to be attached to this part of the N. W. 
Army. But no hesitation would have been manifested. But 
imperious circumstances, made it highly important that we 
should take the route to Fort Wayne, then to this place and 
such is the situation of the Regt. at present as represented. 
I hope you will concur with me in seeing the evident pro- 
priety and equally evident necessity of our remaining on this 
station where the Regiment can be of some service to the 
sacred cause in which we are all engaged upon this statment 
Dear General I wish you to detain us on this station, and send 
this as a part of the Reasons why you have done so or leave 
to me the entire responsibility of remaining or of marching 
to Kaskaskias undei* existing circumstances, not known to the 
President when he gave the order. If ojie or the other should 
not be in your power, I shall look back with little pleasure 



to the day the Regiment was ordered to take np arms to de- 
fend the rights nnd honor of the U. States, as their usefulness 
from tills time must be destroyed when the brightest pros- 
pects opened to their view. 
Your friend and servt. 

R. M. Johnson Col. K. M. V. 
Genl. Wm. H. Harrison 

N. B. I wish to have a personal interview if necessary. 

A True Copy 

John O'Fallon Aid de Camp 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No 73) 

Head Quarters Cleaveland 12th July 18L3 

Har. Pa. 108-110 


I have the honor to enclose you a copy of a letter from Col. 
[R. M.] Johnson [July 9 above] from the tenor of this letter 
and the information I have received from other sources I am 
inclined to believe that the Col. will find it difficult to enforce 
obedience to the order for marching to the Illinois Territory. 
I have directed him to proceed with all whose horses are fit 
for service and leave the rest to follow. 

By a private letter to a Gentleman here from his friend in 
Erie received last night we are informed that our vessels are 
nearly ready to sail, but the Hands to man them have not ar- 
rived, and that the probability is that they will not have their 
compliment before the first of August. I hope and believe 
however that the writer is mistaken. I wait with anxiety for 
private information from Capt. Perry. I beg leave to recom- 
mend that the vessels be fully manned. The expense of an 
extra number of seamen will be trifling because they can be 
dismissed as soon as our command of the Lakes is secured. 
Indeed it appears to me that a consideration of this kind ought 
to govern on all our preparations for the reduction of Maiden. 
A single well supported efi'ort will be sufficient. That place 
once in our possession and the naval superiority acquired, 
Mackinac and St. Josephs will fall of course, and with them 
every vestage of Indian war will vanish. A fourth part of 
the force necessary for the conquest will be sufiicicnt to hold 


these posts when thej^ are in our possession. The balance 
can be disbanded or employed elsewhere. 

I hope that Capt. [James R.] Butler may have forewarded 
before this a g-eneral monthly return ; he was directed to do so 
without sending- it to me to avoid delay. 

With great respect and consideration I have the honor to be 
Sir your humble Servant 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Genl. John Ar^istrong Secretary of War 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department, July 14, 1813 

Hisloncal Register JII, 86 

Orders have been sent to captain Perry to communicate 
to you the naval movements and to concei't with you the nec- 
essary co-operations. 

Of the militia, you are authorized to take what in your 
judgment will be necessary. Such of the Kentucky militia 
as are in service would be better tlian a new draft. There is 
(of the Pennsylvania militia) one regiment at Erie armed, 
equipped, etc. These are subjected to your command. [Ex- 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department July 14th 1813 

Har. Pa. 78 


I regret that tlie Letter ordering Col. [R. M.] Johnson West- 
ward ever reached you. Since the date of that letter, infor- 
mation has been received that the whole story of Dixon and 
his intention of attacking St. Louis etc. with which Governor 
Edwards so often alarmed himself and others was without 
foundation. Relieving that the Colonel's expedition toward 
Brownstown would have put him out of the reach of this order 
and knowing that your opinion resembled my own in relation 
to the western combinations of Scioux and Foxes &c. &c. I 
had hoped that the want of foundation in the story would 
have reached you before the Colonel's return, and fui-nished 
a reason for delaying the execution of the order. Is it too 
late yet to correct this error? If it be possible it ought to I)e 


done. Johnson's Regiment would be useful in making demon- 
strations by land while you go by water for protecting the 
frontier against small desultory attacks. 

Major General Harrison 

Secretary of War to Major J. S. Swearingen 

War Department July 14th 1S13 

Ear. Pa. 79 


You will forwa]'d to lower Sandusk^^ by the way of Cleve- 
land to the order of General Harrison two of the large Regi- 
mental Medicine chests which have been deposited at Pitts- 
burg and hospital stores conformably to the inclosed invoice. 

Major J [AMES] S[trode] Swearingen D. Q. M. Gr. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department July 14, 1813 

Har. Pa. SO 


Tlie medicines in deposit at Pittsburgh are put up in chests, 
some of which are veiy large. One of these or tv/o at most 
would be quite sufficient for the intended service of the hos- 
pital. The quarter master will have ordei's to forward them 
and a quantity of hospital stores. During your last cam- 
paign a double allowance [not completed] 

I\Iajor Genl. Harrison 

Harrison to Governor Shelby 

Head Quartei's L Sandusky 20th July 1813 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book li" 26 

My dear sir 

I have this moment received a letter from the Secretaiy 
of war in which he authorizes me to call from the neighboring 
states such numbers of militia as I may deem I'cquisite for the 
ensuing operation against upper canjida. It was originally in- 
tended that the Army should consist of regular troops only, ]}ut 
it is now ascertained that the coutemplatcd number cannot 
be raised. It is indeed late very late to call out militia but 
still it will bo better to do this than enter into opej'ation upon 


which so much depends with an inadequate force. - 1 am not 
uninformed of the present indisposition to the service which 
begins to prevail in Kentucky and the difficulties w^hich your 
Excellency, may have to cncouiiter to organize another de- 
tachment of mihtia I believe ho^^■ever it will not be impossible 
for you to reanimate your patriotic fellow^ citizens and once 
nioi'e to bring" a portion of them to the field, what that portion 
will be, your own Judgment nmst determine. I have sent 
j\Iajor [David] Trimble my aid de camp to you to inform you 
of many circumstances which I have not time nor indeed would 
I like to commit to paper — send me as many good men as you. 
can conveniently collect or as you may deem proper to call out 
not less than four Jw.ndred nor more than itvo tJiouscnd. The 
jjcriod has arrived when with a little exertion the task as- 
signed to this section of the union may be finished, and com- 
plete tranquility restored to our frontiers. To make this last 
effort why not, my dear sir, come in person, you would not 
object to a command that would be nominal only — I have such 
confidence in your wisdom that you in fact should "be the 
guiding Head and I the hand." The situation you would be 
placed in is not without its parallel. Scipio the conqueror of 
Carthage did not disdain to act as a Lieutenant of his younger 
and less experienced brother Lucius. I refer you to I\Iajor 
Trimble who is instructed to communicate many particulars 
to you. 

With regard and respect 

I am Dr Sir 

WiLLiAiM Henry Harrison 

His Excellency Govr. Isaac Shelby 
Frankfort (Ky) 

Green Clay to Harrlson 

Camp Meigs July 22nd 1S13 

Har. Pa. 119 

Dear Genl: 

We have no certain intcligence as to the number of the 
enemy. From appearance vre expect their number of regular 
troops and militia to exceed 2000 of the number of Indians we 
have no criterion to judge except that of their former forces. 

They have not yet opened their Batteries upon us — but v.-e 



hourly expect it and are fully prepared to meet them in any 
maimer they may make the attack. 

Our troops are in high spirits and most woefully will the 
enemy be deceived in their anticipations of conquest. 

I have the honor to be with sentiments of the highest esteem 
and respect your obt. servt. 

(Signed) GREEN Clay 

Major Genl. Harrison 

A True Copy 

John O'Fallon Aid de Camp 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No 74) 

Head Quarters Lower Sandusky 23rd July 1813 

Har. Pa. 112-115 


Fort Meigs is actually invested by the enemy an express 
arrived here last evening with the information. The British 
and Indians appeared to be in considerable force. They were 
not discovered untill the morning of the 21st when they fired 
upon a party that was leaving the Fort and killed 6. The 
express says that the British were erecting batteries on the 
opposite bank and the Indians occupying the wood around the 
Fort from whence they kept up through the day a warm fire 
on the Fort doing however no injuiy. The post is in every 
respect in a better situation for defence than it was when be- 
sieged before, it has Col. [William P.] Anderson Col. [Ed- 
mund Pendleton] Gains and 300 picked men of the 24th Regt. 
They have 76 or 80 181b. shot less than at the commencement 
of the former attack but more than double the number of 121b. 
shot and 5 p. inch shells 61b shot and case and grape in abun- 
dance the latter of every size together with 270 241b. shot 
which suits the calibre of our Howitzers and serve well for 
Racochet firing. 

I have with me here about 300 effective Regulars and a few 
worthless militia whom I was upon the point of discharging. 
I shall leave Major [George] Croghan here with a sufficient 
Garrison and with the ballance take a position at the old 
Seneca Town nine miles higher up the River on the road to 
Upper Sandusky, the distance from that place to Fort jMeigs 
is precisely the same as from here, and from thence or further 



on towards Upper Sandusky will be the only route to approach 
Fort Meigs with a probability of reaching it undiscovered. A 
swamp of 30 miles intervenes to which there is nothing to be 
compared even in this generally swampy country. It is at 
this moment nearly half leg deep in mud and water through- 
out. Three hundred and forty or fifty men of the 27th Regt. 
are between this place and Upper Sandusky — Col. [Thomas 
Deye] Owings with 500 of the 28th Regt. must be near to 
Franklinton. I have sent after Col. [R. M.] Johnson, he may 
be overtaken at Urbanna but the greater part of his men will 
have scattered and gone off to Ky. after fresh horses. The 
prospect of assembling a sufficient force to raise the siege in 
a short time is gloomy. However doubt not, I pray you, of 
my utmost exertions. You will have heard of the Blockade 
of Erie could the fleet but get out and be able to drive off that 
of the enemy Maiden might fall and the return of Proctor in- 
tercepted. He has with him Gun Boats and small crafts only. 
I could engage to succeed with the few Troops I have in any 
enterprize rather than the defeating four times their number 
of Indians in the Black Swamp. It is not the least of my 
embarrassments to know what to do with the Sandusky In- 
dians. 60 of these are now here to offer their services. The 
professions of the greater part are I fear hollow and made 
under the belief of the prosperous state of our affairs. The 
least disaster will I fear discover that their Hearts are not 
with us. The Shawanese have lately given a striking proof 
of their fidelity which I have not now time to explain. A few 
of the Delawares are our friends one of them put to death a 
few days ago, an Indian of the name of Blue Jacket who was 
coming here to assassinate me and then escape to the enemy. 
I have the Honor to be with Great Respect Yr. Humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. Genl. Jopin Armstrong Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No 75) 

Head Quarters Seneca Towns 9 miles from L. Sandusky 

24th July 1813 

^ Har. Pa. 116-118 

Mr. [William] Oliver, who set out from Fort Meigs in the 



nip:ht between the 21st and 22nd a few hou]'s after the express 
messenger mentioned in my last, met me yestei'day morning 
on the march to this place and last evening- tlie enclosed letter 
[July 22 above] From Genl. [Green] Clay was broiiglit to me 
by a Sergeant who left the Fort at 11 o'clock the preceding 
night. An intelligent young gentleman a private iii the Pe- 
tersburgh volunteers, accompanied the sergeant. From all of 
these persons I have ]'eceived the satisfactory informatiori 
that the Health of the Troops at Fort IMeigs was most wonder- 
fully restored before the appearance of the enemy. That the 
lines are well manned and the whole of [Col. William P.] An- 
dei'son's Regiment (300 choice men) left as a disposable force 
when the Sergeant left the garrison it was not ascertained 
that the enemy had erected or were erecting any Batteries. 
The cannonading was continued at intervals through the 
whole of yesterday and as I had supposed untill 11 o'clock last 
night but one of my parties, who were last night at Portage 
River are of opinion that what we heai'd here was thunder, 
not a gun has been heard today. I have two parties of In- 
dians, accompanied each by a person whom I can depend upon 
now out for the purpose of approaching the Fort as near as 
possible and taking a prisoner. If the object of the enemy is 
the attacking of Fort Winchester and Wayne I have not the 
means of preventing their success, but their safe retreat will 
be more jeopardised than Genl. [Henry] Proctor will (as I 
would suppose) be willing to risk for the object to be gained 
by taking them. His appearing before Fort i\Ieigs may have 
been intended to draw our attention and forces to that quar- 
ter whilst his real object is to attack Lower Sandusky or 
Cleaveland, he former place is untenable there is nothing in 
it of any value but two hundred barrels of Flour and I have 
made arrangements for withdrawing the garrison and leaving 
the Fort. Another project of Genl. Proctors may be to dravr 
me into the Black Swamp and overwhelm me with his Indians. 
IIl)on the whole I have little apprehension for the safety of 
Fort ]\reigs. Nothing, however, shall be neglected to ascertain 
its security. Should it appear to be in danger before I am 
enabled to collect a sufhcient force to meet the enemy in the 
field I will endeavour to break through them with two or three 
hundred picked men. 

]\Iajor [Levi] Hukill is endeavoring to prepare for a com- 


plcte muster and Inspection of the army at the close of the 
month, should our situation allow it. The Task is not an easy 
one from the neglect, inexperience and ignorance of many of 
the officers. Should the President think proper to allow me 
an Inspector Genl. I could wish that Major Hukill could re- 
ceive the appointment, and Capt. [James R.] Butler that of 
Assistant. I have the Honor to be with great Respect Sir 
Your Obt. servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honble. John Armstrong, Esq. 

Col. Wm. Russel to Governor Thomas Posey 

ViNCENNES, July 25, 1813 
Niles' Register V 9 


I have completed my intended scout, and reached every 
point of destination, and arrived at this place in four weeks. 
On our route we had much rainy weather and consequently 
high waters, which destroyed much of our provisions, and 
made the route much more disagreeable than otherwise it 
would have been. The route from this place until we returned 
amounts to upwards of 500 miles, the gi-eater part of which is 
certainly equal (if not superior) to any tracts of country upon 
the western v/aters; all of which lies in your territory. We 
proceeded from Vallonia to the Delaware to^vns, from thence 
to the Mississinawa towns, there we found four or five distinct 
villages ; one pretty strongly fortified, adjoining which a very 
considerable encampment of Indiaiis had been kept up, all of 
which we destroyed. We supposed the Indians had evacuated 
those towns very early in the spring. From thence we pro- 
ceeded do\vn the Wabash to Eel river town, froin thence to 
Winemack village, from thence to the Prophet's town, from 
thence we re-crossed the Wabash, and took the Winebagoe 
town in our route to Fort Harrison. We went to every place 
where we could expect to fall in with the enemy (that our sit- 
uation would justify) as our provisions were then very short 
and our horses much fatigued. 

I had a part of six companies of rangers and a few volun- 
teers from the territory, and was joined by one hundred vol- 
unteers of Kentucky — when I found our force was 573 ef- 
fective men. The army marched in five distinct columns, with 


instructions how the front the rear and the flanks were to act 
in case of an attack on either. The right flank was com- 
manded by general Cox of the Kentucky vohmteers the ex- 
treme left v,-as commanded by Col. [Robert] Evans, of the 
Indiana territory the other column on the right was com- 
manded by general Thomas of the Kentucky volunteers, the 
other column on the left commanded by col. [Walter] Wilson 
of this territory, and the centre by maj. Z. Taylor of the U. 
S. army; all those officers discovered so much zeal for the suc- 
cess of the expedition, as convinced me they would have done 
themselves credit had we encountered the enemy. Col. 
[Joseph] Bartholomew acted as my aid-de-camp; this veteran 
has been so well tried in this kind of warfare, that any en- 
comiums from me would be useless, major John Allen from 
Kentucky, acted as quarter-master, Mr. Hancock Taylor, as 
quartermaster sergt. maj. Harden acted as adjutant, and 
Homer Jolinson [Knox Co.] of the rangers as his assistant. All 
those gentlemen acted with such promptitude as gave me but 
little trouble, and that only to check their zeal on certain oc- 
casions, gen. Clever of Kentucky, commanded the advanced 
party, and acquitted himself much to my satisfaction. I find 
also in the Kentucky corps several professional and other 
characters of high standing — which are deserving of their 
country ; from the zeal of the officers and privates I entertain 
great hopes that they will render considerable service to their 
country. The volunteers from the territory were principally 
men of experience in Indian warfare, consequently capable 
of rendering services. 

I\Iessrs. [Joseph] Barron and [Pierre] Laplant, your In- 
dian interpreters, accompanied us as guides, assisted by lieut. 
[Hyacinthe] Lasselle, who were ahvays on the alert, and dis- 
charged the duties assigned them with great promptitude. 

Such was the disposition of the army, and happy should I 
have been could they have had an opportunity of realizing the 
high expectations I entertained of them. 

I have the honor to be, with high respect, your obedient 

William Russell 

P. S. Col. Bartholomew and lieut. [Joseph] Shields (of 
captain Peyton's company of rangers) volunteered and 
crossed thi'ough the country from below the Prophet's to^\Ti 


to the Ohio, in two places; from this you will discover, that 
the country has been completely chequered in all directions — 
and strange to tell, saw no fresh sign of Indians. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
Head Quarters Lower Sandusky 25th July 1813 

. HoA'. Pa. Ill 


Lieut. [David] Gwynne late paymaster of the 19th Regi- 
ment having expressed a great anxiety to have his accounts 
settled I have directed him to repair to Washington for that 
purpose. I have before mentioned this young officer to you, 
for gallantrj^ honour and correctness of conduct he is not ex- 
celled by any officer in the service. 

I have the honor to be with high Respect Sir Your Humble 
Svt WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

The Honble Genl. John Armstrong Secretary of War < 

Green Clay to Harrison 

Camp Meigs July 26th 1813 

Ha7\ Pa. 120, 121 

Dear Genl. 

We are still surrounded by the enemy. They have not as 
yet opened their artillery upon us. 

Their principal force remained at the old garrison and near 
their former encampment from the 20th until the 23rd when 
I sent a corps of observation from the garrison and I recon- 
noitred around and within view. 

This movement was observed by the enemy and a consider- 
able number of their forces crossed the River and were in a 
few minutes around us firing small arms which done no in- 

On the 24th their whole forces crossed over to this side 
where they remained encamped but in what particular posi- 
tion we have not yet ascertained. 

Their vessels are sometimes in view crossing and recrossing 

This evening they gave us a sham battle amongst themselves 
along the trace and nearly in view ; no doubt to decoy us out. 
Our Troops paraded to make the Battle a real one. The move- 


ments of the enemy are somewhat misterious. Experience has 
already proven to them that any attempt on this post would 
be vain make it when and in what wa\' they will and most 
woefully will they repent their temerity. Our troops are in 
fine health and spirits and anxiously await another oppor- 
tunity to distinguish themselves. 

I have the honor to be with the highest esteem your Ob. Svt. 

(Signed) Green Clay 
]\Iajor Genl. William H. Harrison Com(j. the N. W. Anny 
(A true copy) J. 0' Fallon A. D. C. 

Green Clay to Harrison 

Camp Meigs July 28, 1813 

Har. Pa. 125, 12>j 

Dear Genl. 

The enemy occupied their encampment on this side of the 
river below us until this morning. When with great pre- 
cipitation they set sail from the hrst bend below. They were 
in full view and displayed two schooners and about one hun- 
dred and fifty sail. Small craft apparently all filled with men. 

The Indians have been rapidly going down on the opposite 
shore nearly all day. They were principally mounted and 
about 400 in number. 

It was said by an officer that about 20 cannon shot from the 
Lake was heard just before their departure. 

Whether they have actually abandoned all idea of attacldng 
this post, or what are their views I can form no conjecture. 

So far from lulling us into security their recent movemerxt 
has increased (if possible) our vigilance. 

The troops here continue in good health and spirits and 
never did soldiers more vigilantly watch or anxiously wait the 
approach of ^aiy enemy. Several of the oflicers who were here 
during the former siege deem the number of the enemy con- 
siderably greater now than was brought against you. 

Be assured Sir whatever may be their designs they never 
-will subdue this post with even double the numbers they have 
this day presented to our view. I have the honor to be with 
the highest Sentiments of Respect & Esteem Your Obt. Sevt. 

Green Clay 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 76) 

Head Quarters Senaca Towns 9 miles above Lower 

Sandusky 28th July 1813 

Har. Pa. 122-1 2U 


Capt. McCune of the Ohio Militia whom I sent from this 
place on the 25th to endeavour to penetrate to Fort Lleigs re- 
turned last evening with the enclosed letter from Gen. [Green] 
Clay, [see July 28, above] Capt. McCune gives me such an 
account of the state of the works and garrison as to leave no 
room for apprehension for its safety unless indeed they should 
be weak enough to suffer themselves to be decoyed into the 
woods by the strategems of the enemy-. It was extremely for- 
tunate that Capt. McCune got into the Fort on the morning 
of the 26th as it is more than probable that a sally in force 
would have been made for the assistance of their supposed 
friends. I am under apprehensions for Fort Winchester. I 
have not yet heard from the Officer whom I sent to watch the 
movements of the enemy in that direction. 

Since I had the Honor to address you I have been joined 
by Colo. [George] PauU with 350 effectives of the 27th reg. 
and 150 Dragoons under Lt. Col. [James V.] Ball, unfortun- 
ately ten of the officers of the former Regiment and nearly 
one third of the men are prisoners of war; of the two com- 
panies of the 26th that I have with me Capt. [William Henry] 
Puthuff (an officer that would do honor to any service) one 
of his subalterns and more than one third of the Company 
are in the same situation. Col. [Thomas D.] Owings with his 
Regt. left Franklinton on the 25th, one would suppose that 
our officers had learned their tactics from the maxims of 
Augustus and that the *S'?;e?t de Bradoes [make haste slowly] 
of which he was so fond, governed them in all their move- 
ments. A very large body of the enemy's Indians are mounted 
fearing that by a rapid march they might tui'n my left and 
reach Upper Sandusky I have directed Col. Owings to 
strengthen the garrison with 50 men. I keep the country to 
the westward as far as Hulls road well reconnoitred. The 
Indians cannot take Sandusky and if the British should at- 
tempt it they shall have reason to I'epent it. I hear nothing 
since my last from Capt. [Oliver II.] Perry. I cannot make a 


selection of Sergcante or Ensigns untill the communication 
with Fort oMoigs is opened — in the mean time permit me to 
recommend Lieut. ]Major James ]McQuire of the 19th Infy. 

There are several of this grade that will bear promotion 
and more amongst the Volunteers. Shall I have the privilege 
of appointing some of these pro fern pore? It is much to be 
regretted that Capt. Jas. Butler who commands the Pittsburgh 
Blues had not made known his wishes for an appointment in 
the Regular Service earlier. He is the son of the late Genl. 
Richard Butler. The British Army has not a more accom- 
plished Capt. should there be an original vacancy of ]\Iajor 
or Capt. or even of Col. the public interests would be served 
by giving it to him. Why not in the 26th and endeavour to 
fill it up in the upper part of Pennsylvania. 

With great respect I have the Honor to be Sir your Hubl. Svt 

WiLLJ^i. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. Genl. JoiiN Art^istrong Secretary of War 

-Harrison to Croghan 

July 29, .1813 

McAfee, History, S22 


Immediately on receiving this letter, you will abandon fort 
Stephenson, set fire to it, and repair with your command this 
night to head quarters. Cross the river and come up on the 
opposite side. If you should deem and find it impracticable 
to make good your march to this place, take the road to Huron 
and pursue it with the utmost circumspection and despatch. 

Secretary of \Yai\ to Harrison 

War Department July 29th 1813 

Har. Pa. SI 


Herewith inclosed you will receive a comnnmication from 
the Executive of Kentucky transmitted through tlieir delega- 
tion in Congress. 

The subject has been before you and you will please to 
direct a settlement of all the just claims of the militia for re- 
tained rations, and authorize the proper agent to draw on 
this Dept. for such expenditures. Where abstracts were fur- 


iiished to the Contractor for such retained rations the amount 
due the troops is chargeable to him, an account of which 
should be immediately transmitted to this Department, 
Llajor General Harrison, Cleveland 

Croghan to Harrison 

July 30, 1813 

McAfee, History, 323 


I have just received yours of yesterday, 10 o'clock P. M. 
ordering me to destroy this place and make good my retreat, 
which was received too late to be carried into execution. We 
have determined to maintain this place, and by heavens we 

Harrison to Croghan 

July 30, 1813 

Dawson, Harrison, U02-3 


The General has just received your letter of this date, in- 
forming him that you had thought proper to disobey the order 
issued from this office, and delivered to you this morning. It 
appears that the information which dictated the order was 
incorrect; and as you did not receive it in the night, as was 
expected, it might have been proper that you should have re- 
ported the circumstance and your situation, before you pro- 
ceeded to its execution. This might have been passed over, 
but I am directed to say to you, that an officer who presumes 
to aver, that he has made his resolution, and that he will act 
in direct opposition to the orders of his General, can no longer 
be entrusted with a separate conmiand. Colonel [Samuel] 
Wells is sent to relieve you. You will deliver the command to 
him, and repair with colonel [James V.] Ball's squadron to 
this place. By command, etc. 

A. H. Homes, Aast. Adj. General 

Shelby to Colonels A to Z Ky. Militia 

Frankfort, July 31st, 1813 

McAfee, History, 336 

Dear Sir: 
The following address to the militia of Kentucky will in- 


form you of the call that has been made upon the governor of 
Kentuckj' for a reinforcement to the novthwestern army; and 
of my views as to the mode of complying with it. I forward 
one to you particularly, sir, under the hope that you will exert 
your influence to bring into the field all the men in your power. 
Be so good as to acknowledge the receipt of this letter, and 
apprize me of the calculations which I may make of the num- 
ber of men that can be raised in your county and whether it 
will suit your convenience to go with us. I shall at all times 
take a pleasure in acknowledging the public spirit by which 
you will be actuated and the obligations you will lay me under. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir, Your obt. 
servant, Isaac Shelby 

Shelby to Militia 

Frankfort, July 31st, 1813 

McAfee, History, 337 

Fellow Soldiers: 

Your government has taken measures to act effectually 
against the enemy in Upper Canada. General Harrison, un- 
der the authority of the president of the United States, has 
called upon me for a strong body of troops to assist in effect- 
ing the grand objects of the campaign. The enemy in hopes 
to find us unprepared, has again invested fort Meigs; but he 
will again be mistaken ; and before you can take the field he 
will be driven from that post. 

To comply with the requisition of general Harrison, a draft 
might be enforced; but believing as I do, that the ardor and 
patriotism of my countrymen has not abated, and that they 
have waited with impatience a fair opportunity of avenging 
the blood of their butchered friends, I have appointed the 
31st day of August, next, at Newport, for a genei'al rendez- 
vous of Kentucky Volunteers. I will meet you there in person. 
I will lead you to the field of the battle, and share with you 
the dangers and honors of the campaign. Our sei-viccs will 
not be required more than sixty days after we reach headquar- 

I invite all officers, and others possessing influence, to come 
foi'ward with what mounted men they can raise; each shall 
command the men he may bring into the field. The supt-rior 
officers will be appointed by myself at the place of general 


nni(l(z\ous, oi' on our ai."i"iv;il at 1)^ adquariert;: and X >s]iali 
t:ii:c plc^isurc in acIinowicut'TDj^'- to niy country the merits and 
laiblic spirit of tliose who may b(^ u:-.cliil in collectini.; a force 
for the present emergency. Vv'ivo liave s'()od j'jiles, and luie.y liov; to use them, \\'il] 
! ring' tliej"'! alonjj;. Those wlu) have not, v;ih be furnished 
\vit]) m;;sket>. at Newjiort. 

FeL' ■'•:'. Citizen! No^v is the i.i:ne to ael ; and by one de- 
cisive b' •\', put an end to tlie contest iri tliat quarter. 

Isaac Shelby 

Shelby to Secretary of War 

Frankfort, August 1, 1813 

Hisiorical Register III, 9/j. 
SlK : 

A fevv days ago I was honoured y/iih. a letter from general 
Harrison under date of the 20th ultrmo, [see above] by his 
aid-de-carrrp [Cob Allen] Trimble. I)) it he says, that "he had 
just received a letter from the secretary at war authorizing 
him to call from the neighbouring states such numbers of 
militia as he might deera requisite for the O'lsuing operations 
against Upper Canada." In pursuance of thrd. p0Y\^er, he has 
made a requisition on the govei'nment of Kerducky for rein- 
forcements, and has referred me to J\'Iajor Tri;nble for infor- 
mation, etc. and lias in warm terms solicited my taking the 
field in pei'son. Much delay would have been the inevitable 
consequence of ordering out the militia as infantry in the 
ordinary inode, by draft. As mounted volunteer; ,. a competent 
force can, i feel confideni, be eas!:, raised. T have therefor': 
appointed the 31st of this month, at Newport, in this state, 
for a general rendezvous of mounted volunteei's. 

I have the honour of inclosing for the information of the 
president a cojsy of my address [see above] to the militia of 
this state on ihe occasion. 

The jn'O'pc; ' c>f acting e(neien|iy against Upper Canada 
v.'ill, I have rio, call foidh a lirge force to our standard, 
and they will 1)0 immediately nuiv hod to tlie head-quarto3'S 
of the north ~v» ••stern army, in su( ii bodies as will best facili- 
tate their movements; when tlKne they can act as foot or 
mounted, as circumstances ma>y rctiuij-c. 

! 'viall \nk(' gr'.'at pleasure to hmi' IVom the president on 


tliis subject previous to my departure from this place, and I 
request the favour of you to lay this letter immediately be- 
fore him for his consideration, and that you will be pleased 
to apprise me of the result by the earliest conveyance. 

I have the honour to be, most respectfully, your obedient 
servant, Isaac Shelby 

The honourable the Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 77) 

Head Quarters Seneca Towns 

9 miles above L. Sandusky 1st Aug. 1813 

Ha/r. Pa. 127-120 


I have the honor to enclose you a letter received the evening 
before the last from Genl. [Green] Clay communicating the 
departure of the enemy from before Fort Meigs, [see July 28 
above] I have not yet been able to ascertain whether the 
British Troops and the main body of their allies have returned 
to Maiden, or whether they still hover on the southern shore 
of the Lake, with a design to attempt some other enterprise. 
Since the morning of the 29th the latter have so swarmed 
in the woods around us as to leave me for sometime little 
doubt of an intended attack upon Lower Sandusky or this 
place and I suppose that the British were coming up the San- 
dusky Bay and River. The parties which I have sent to the 
Lake have not yet returned. As the wind has been favourable 
and the enemy were not near Sandusky this morning I con- 
clude that they have sought their own shores. Should this 
be the case the advantage gained by them on this second in- 
vasion, in which there could not have been less than 5000 
men employed amount to the surprise of a picket guard near 
to Fort Meigs by the Indians, and killing and taking six of 
the men, and wounding an Express and a boy of 14 years of 
age on the road to Sandusky. To ballance them I have the 
honor to inform you that Col. [James V.] Balls dragoons met 
with a party of Indians last evening near to Lower Sandusky 
and killed 11 out of the 12 of them. The Indians had formed 
an ambush, and fired upon the advanced guard consisting of a 
Sergeant and five privates upon seeing the squadron pursued 
by Col. Ball and overtaken by the front squad of Capt. Hop- 


kins Troops. Tlie greater part of them were cut down by Col. 
Ball, Capt. [S. G.] Hopkins and liis subalterns, whose horses 
being fleetest overtook them first. The loss on our side con- 
ists of two privates wounded one of them very slightly two 
horses killed and [?] badly wounded. 

I shall learn early tomorrow whether the enemy have gone 
down the lake or not. H they have I shall take the road to 
Cleaveland with the Dragoons and 200 mounted militia which 
I expect to join me tonight or tomorrow morning. Col. 
[Thomas D.] Owings has not yet arrived. I have been un- 
ceasingly employed in fortifying my position here to remedy 
in that way the weakness of my force. 

I received letters from Erie last night of the 27th Inst. 
Capt. Perry was then only in want of men and officers to en- 
able him to leave the harbor and attack the 4 vessels of the 
enemy then in sight. 

I have the honor to be with great Respect Sir Yr. Humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

The Honble Genl. John Armstrong Esqr. Secretary of TFar 

P. S. My fears for the safety of Fort Winchester were re- 
lieved by the return of Lt. [Benjamin W.] Sanders on the 
29th inst. he crossed the Miami River above Fort JMeigs and 
found no appearance of any number of the enemy having 
passed up in that direction. 

Harrison to Secretary op War 

(No. 78) 

Head Quarters Seneca Towns Aug. 1st 1813 

Har. Pa. ISO 


Since I had the honor of writing this morning to you, the 
party which I had sent to the Lake returned they saw some 
boats, three vessels with sails and a number of Indian canoes 
near to the mouth of the Sandusky Bay. They wei'e unable 
to approach near enough to make any particular discoveries 
and had no glass. There can be no doubt however but the 
enemy are there in force. 

Will you be so obliging as to order some small spy glasses 


to be sent by the Express mail via Cleavcland for the use of 
the officers commanding Scouting parties. 

I have tlio honor to be with Great Respect Yr. Obt. Servt. 

WiLLi^i. Henry Harrison 

The Ilonble John Armstrong Esqr. Secretary of War 

Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort — August — 2d — 1813 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A" 125 

Dear Sir 

Your favour of the 20 ult. by major [David] Trimble has 
been d\\\y received since which a letter from General [Green] 
Claj' has also come to hand stating that the combined force 
of British & Indians had invested Fort Meigs — I have con- 
sidered a volunteer scheme as the course most likely to obtain 
the reinforcement which you request & have in consequence 
of that opinion appointed the olst day of this present month, 
for a General rendezvous of mounted volunteers at New Port 
on the Ohio and propose to head them myself. In addition 
to this I have addressed a circular letter to most of the Field 
officers & other influential characters in this State to step 
forth on this occasion — I am yet not able to say what will be 
the result but I flatter myself that a sufficient number to meet 
your wishes will turn out and you may rest assured every 
energy which I possess shall be exerted the utmost to efl'ect it. 
I need not observe to you how important it will be to have 
rations and forage laid in on the way it will be impossible to 
move on mthout the latter indeed a supply must be laid in 
in this State. — Men who travel from the southern parts of it 
will require both rations & forage at that place to enable them 
to proceed. I beg you may attend to this subject and let me 
know what is to be expected seeing that you cannot be rein- 
forced in any other way the Government must not stickle at 
the trifling Expense of a little forage to obtain an eflicient 
force for the main objects of the campaign. You shall be 
regularly informed of the progress I am making to reinforce 
you of the steps I deem necessary to efl'ect it & hope they will 
meet your approbation & that of my countiy. no apology was 
necessary to invite me to your standard had I more age & 
much greater experience I would not hesitate to fight under 


your banner for the honour & interest of my beloved country. 

Accept my good sir assurances of most perfect esteem and 

regard and remain 

Your obt. servant 

m r^ 1 Tir.x.TT ^xr Isaac Shelby 

To Genl. Harrison 

George Croghan to Harrison 

Lower Sandusky, Aug. 3, 1813 

^ „ Niles' Register IV, 3S9 

Dear Sir ; 

The enemy made an attempt to storm us last evening, but 
was repulsed with the loss of at least 100 killed wounded and 
prisoners. One Heut. col. (It. col. Short) a major and a lieu- 
tenant, with about 40 privates, are dead in our ditch. I have 
lost but one in killed, and but few wounded. Further state- 
ments will be made you by the bearer. 

George Croghan, major, commanding Fort Sandtisky 

N. B. Since writing the above, two soldiers of the 41st 

regiment have got in, who state that the eneiny have retreated. 

In fact, one of their gunboats is within three hundred yards 

of our works, said to be loaded v/ith camp-equipage, &c. which 

they, in their hurry have left. 

George Crogan 

John Johnson to Secretary of War 

PiQUA, August 3, 1813 

Niks' Register V, 7 

The Delaware and Shav^^anoese Indians on this frontier have 
turned out about two hundred men who have marched to the 
relief of gen. Harrison. The Wyandots within our lines, the 
Senecas and Mingoes have also tui'ned out their disposable 
force, about two hundred more. The whole intend to continue 
with the army during the campaign. 

Jno. Johnston, Indian- Agent 

William Russell to Posey 

Vincennes August 4, 1813 

Nilcs' Register V, 10 

On ray return from the Mississinawa, I found the Indians 


had got in small parties on this side of the Wabash, between 
this place and the mouth of White river. Those two rivers 
for some distance up, ai-e skirted with prodigious svv^amps and 
brush, which afforded them a complete shelter, I despatched 
rangers in different directions in order to drive them out, the 
citizens also assembled and assisted to chequer the country — 
some of the Indians had got possession of some horses and 
were making off. They were pursued by capt. [Touissant] 
Dubois, and a party of men, who overtook them and recovered 
three horses, but did not get sight of an Indian, captain John 
Andre of the rangers volunteered his services to follow them, 
he went on with 16 or 18 rangers. He was also joined by 
captain Dubois and Mr. [Joseph] Barron your interpreter, to- 
gether with a Potawatomy Indian that resides with Mr. Bar- 
ron; they soon discovered a trail of horses making out from 
the settlement, which they pursued, and soon overtook a spy 
that was kept in the rear; they pushed on and dispatched him, 
which gave notice to those in front who left their horses and 
fled with great precipitation — and from the nature of the 
country could not be followed; they got from this party also 
5 horses ; the party returned on the 2d inst. Capt. Dubois and 
Mr. Barron are active men ; captain Andre is also a very brave 
active and enterprising man. I hope this friendly Indian will 
in future prove serviceable, as I am told nothing can exceed 
his activity in the woods particularly on a trail. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
Head-Quarters, Seneca Town, August 4, 1813 

Historical Register, II, '251 


In my letter of the 1st instant, I did myself the honour 
to inform you that one of my scouting parties had just re- 
turned from the lake shore, and had discovered, the day be- 
fore, the enemy in force near the mouth of the Sandusky bay. 
[see Aug. 1 above] The party had not passed Lower San- 
dusky two hours, before the advance, consisting of Indians, 
appeared before the fort, and in half an hour after a large 
detachment of British troops ; and in the course of the night 
they commenced a cannonading against the fort with three 
six-pounders and two howitzers; the latter from gun-boats. 


Tilt" firing was partially answered by majoi' [George] Crog- 
han, having a six-pounder, the only piece of artillery. 

The fire of the enemy was continued at intervals, during 
the second instant, until about half after five, P. M., when 
liiuling that their cannon made little impression upon the 
works, and having discovered my position here, and appi'e- 
licnding an attack, an attempt was made to carry the place by 
storm. Their troops were formed in tvv^o columns; lieutenant- 
roloncl Short headed the principal one, composed of the light 
and battalion companies of the 41st regiment. 

This gallant oflicer conducted his men to the brink of the 
ditch, under the most galling and destructive fire from the 
garrison, and leaping into it was followed by a considerable 
luu't of his own and the light company; at this moment a 
mask'cd port hole was suddenly opened, and a six-pounder with 
a half load of powder and double charge of leaden slugs, at 
the distance of 30 feet, poured destruction upon them and 
hillc'd or \\'oundcd nearly every man who had entered the ditch. 
In vain did the British officers exert themselves to lead on 
the balance of the column; it retired in disorder under a 
shower of shot from the fort, and sought safety in the ad- 
joining woods. The other column headed by the grenadiers 
had also I'etired, after having suffered from the muskets of 
our men, to an adjacent ravine. In the course of the night, 
the enemy, with the aid of their Indians, drew off the greater 
part of the wounded and dead, and embarking them in boats 
descended the river with the utmost precipitation. In the 
course of the 2d instant, having heard the cannonading, I 
made several attempts to ascertain the force and situation of 
the enemy ; our scouts were unable to get near the fort, from 
the Indians which sui"}'ounded it. Finding however, that the 
enemy had only light artillery, and being well convinced that 
it could make little impression upon the works, and that any 
attempt to storm it would be resisted with effect, I waited 
for the arrival of 250 mounted volunteers, which on the even- 
ing before had left Upper Sandusky. But as soon as I was 
ill formed that the enemy were retreating, I set out with the 
dragoons to endeavour to overtake theni, leaving generals 
[Duncan] IM'Arthu]' and [Dewis] Cass to follow with all the 
infantry (about 700) that could be spared from the protec- 
tion of the stoi'es and sick at tliis place. I found it impossible 


to come up with tlicm. Upon my arrival at Sandusky, I ^vas 
informed by tlie prisoners that the enemy's forces consisted 
of 4D0 reg-uhir troops, and 500 [Robert] Dixon's Indians, com- 
manded by general [Henry] Proctor in person, and that 
Tecumseh, with about 2000 warriors, was somewhei-e in the 
swamps, between this and Fort I\reigs, expecting my advanc- 
ing, or that of a convoy of provisions. 

As there was no prospect of doing any thing in front, and 
being apprehensive that Tecumseh might destroy the stores 
and small detachments in my rear, I sent orders to general 
Cass, vv'ho commanded the reserve, to fall back to this place, 
and to general ^M'Arthur with the front line to follow and 
support him. I remained at Sandusky until the parties that 
were sent out in every direction returned — not an enemy was 
to be seen. 

I am sorry that I cannot transmit you major [George] Crog- 
han's official report. He was to have sent it to me this morn- 
ing, but I have just heard that he was so much exhausted 
by 36 hours of continued exertion as to be unable to make it. 
It will not be amongst the least of general proctor's mortifica- 
tions to find that he has been baffled by a youth who has just 
passed his twenty-first year. He is, however a hero worthy 
of his gallant uncle (general George R. Clark). 

Captain [James] Hunter, of the 17th regiment, the second 
in command, conducted himself with great propriety; and 
never were a set of finer young fellows than the subalterns. 
viz. lieutenants [Benjamin] Johnson and [Cyrus Alexander] 
Baylor of the 17th, [Joseph] Anthony of the 24th, [John] 
]Meeks of the 7th, and ensigns [Edmund] Shipp and [Joseph] 
Duncan of the 17th. 

The following account of the unworthy artifice and conduct 
of the enemy will excite your indignation, major Chambers 
was sent by general Proctor, accompanied by colonel Elliott, 
to demand the surrender of the fort. They were met by en- 
sign Shipp. The major observed, that general Proctor had a 
number of 'cannon, a lai'ge body of regular troops, and so many 
Indians whom it was impossible to conti'oul; and if the fort 
was taken, as it must be, the whole of the garrison would be 
massacred. IMr. Shipp, answered, that it was the determina- 
tion of major Croghan, his ofiicers and men, to defend the 
gari'ison or bo bu]'ied in it; and that Uw.y might do their best. 


Colonel Elliott then addressed Mr. Shipp, and said, "you are a 
fine young' man; I pity your situation; for God's sake sur- 
render, and prevent the dreadful slaughter that must follow 
resistance." Shipp turned from him with indignation, and 
was immediately taken hold of by an Indian, who attempted 
to wrest his sword from him. EHiott pretended to exert him- 
self to release him, and expressed great anxiety to get him safe 
in the fort. 

I have the honour to enclose you a copy of the first note re- 
ceived from major Croghan. It was written before day; and 
it has since been ascertained, that of the enemy there remained 
in the ditch one lieutenant-colonel one lieutenant and 25 pri- 
vates : the number of prisoners, one serjeant and 25 privates : 
14 of them badly wounded : every care has been taken of the 
latter, and the ofiicers buried with the honours due to their 
rank and bravery. All the dead that were not in the ditch, 
were taken off in the night by the Indians. It is impossible, 
from the circumstances of the attack, that they should have 
lost less than 100. Some of the prisoners think that it 
amounted to 200. A young gentelman, a private in the Peters- 
burg volunteers, of the name of Browai, assisted by five or six 
of that company, and of the Pittsburg blues, wdio wore acci- 
dentally in the fort, managed the six-pounder which produced 
such destruction in the ranks of the enemy. 

1 have the honour to be &c. 

Wm. Henry Harrison 

N. B. Of our few wounded men there is but one that will 
not be well in less than six days. 

Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort Aug 4th 1813 

From Goi'crnor Isaac Shelby's "Letter' Book A" 138 

To Gcnl. Harrison, 
Dr Sir 

Since I had the honour of addressing you last I have heard 
from several of the adjoining counties — The information re- 
ceived confirms the opinion I had entertained that the patri- 
otism of this State had not diminished, and induces me to 
believe I shall on the day of rendezvous meet four or five thou- 
sand vollunteers and per]ia])s a much hu'ger number this ren- 


ders it highly impoi'lant that supplies of provisions, forage, 
(fee, &;c., should be laid in with a liberal hand. I flatter my- 
solf that you will give the requisite orders on the subject v.^- 
as soon as practicable. I am still of opinion that forage pro- 
vision should be laid in at George town that the men may then 
draw what will last them untill they get to New Port ; those 
from the southern part of the State cannot well move on VN-ith- 
out it — you will please let me hear from you as soon as pi'ac- 
ti cable. 

I have the honour to be very respectfully 
Your obt. Servt. 

Isaac Shelby 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head-Quarters, Seneca To^VN, 
5th August, 1813— S o'clock A. :.I. 

Histo)-ical Register II, ;?54 

I have the honour to enclose you major [George] Croghan's 
report of the attack upon his fort, which has this moment come 
to hand. Fortunately the mail has not closed. 

With great respect, I have the honour to be, sir, your humble 

Wm. Henry Harrison 

Croghan to Harrison 

Lower Sandusky, August 5, 1813 

Historkcl Register II, ^5.i 

Dear sir, 

I have the honour to inform you that the combined forces 
of the onem\', amounting to at least 500 regulars and 700 or 
800 Indians, under the immediate command of general 
[Ileniy] Proctor, made its appearance before this place early 
on Sunday evening last, and so soon as the general had made 
such disposition of his ti'oops as would cut off my retreat, 
should I be disposed to make one, he sent colonel Elliott, ac- 
companied by major Chambers, with a flag, to demand the sur- 
render of the fort, as he was anxious to spare the effusion of 
blood, which he should probably not have in his power to do, 
should he be reduced to the necessity of taking the place by 
sto]-m. My answer to the summons was, that I was deter- 


mined to defend the place to the last extremity, and that no 
force, hov/ever large, should induce me to surrender it. So 
soon the flag had returned, a brisk fire was opened upon us 
i'l-om the gun-boats in the river, and f}*om a 51/2 inch howitzer 
on shore, which was kept up with little intermission through- 
out the night. At an early hour next morning, three sixes 
(which had been placed during the night within 250 yards 
of the pickets) began to play upon us v/ith little effect. About 
four o'clock, P. M., discovering that the fire from all his guns 
was concentrated ag-ainst the northwestern angle of the fort, 
I became confident that his object was to make a breach, and 
attempt to storm the works at that point, I therefore ordered 
out as many men as could be employed for the purpose of 
strengthening that part, which was so effectually secured by 
means of bags of flour, sand, etc. that the picketing suffered 
little or no injury; notwithstanding which the enemy, about 
500, having formed in close column, advanced to assault our 
works at the expected point, at the same time making two 
feints on the front of captain [James] Hunter's lines. The 
column which advanced against the northwestern angle, con- 
sisting of about 350 men, was so completely enveloped in 
smoke, as not to be discovered until it had approached within 
18 or 20 paces of the lines, but the men being all at their posts 
and I'eady to receive it, commenced so heavy and galling a fire 
as to throw the column a little into confusion; being quickly 
rallied, it advanced to the outer works, and began to leap into 
the ditch. Just at that moment a fire of grape was opened 
from our six-pounder (which had been previously arranged so 
as to rake in that direction) which, together with the mus- 
ketry, threw them into such confusion that they v/ere com- 
pelled to retire precipitately to the woods. 

During the assault, which lasted about half an hour, an in- 
cessant fire was kept up by the enemy's artillery (which con- 
sisted of five sixes and a howitzer) but without effect. My 
whole loss during the siege, was one killed and seven wounded, 
slightly. The loss of the enemy in killed, wounded and pris- 
oners, must exceed 150: one lieutenant-colonel, a lieutenant, 
and 50 rank and file were found in and about the ditch, dead 
or wounded. Those of the remainder who were not able to 
escape were taken off during the night ))y Indians. Seventy 
stand of arms, and several brace of pistols have been collected 


near the works. About three in the morning the enemy sailed 
down tlie river, leaving behind them a boat, containing cloth- 
ing and considci'able military stores. 

Too much praise cannot be bestowed on the officers, non- 
commissioned officers, and privates under my command, for 
their gallantry and good conduct during the siege. 

G. Croghan, Major 17 United States Infantry 
I\Iajor General Harrison, commanding N. W. Army 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department August 5, 1813 

Har. Pa. S2, S3 


The best interpretation of the late movements of the enemy 
in your quarter is that De Rottenburg has detached to the aid 
of [Henry] Proctor between four and five hundred men, and 
that with these he is attempting to save INIalden by attacking 
fort IMeigs. If this conjecture be well founded it suggests the 
true policy on our part provided our flotilla can get over the 
Bar. Go directly to IMalden, and leave Mr. Proctor to amuse 
himself with fort I\Ieigs. There is no objection to your ap- 
pointing the Sergeants to other offices pro tempre. Captain 
[Robert] Butler has been appointed ]Major of the 32d Regi- 
ment and Lieut. [James] McGhee Captain in the 42nd. 

I\Iajor Genl. Harrison 

Harrison to Meigs 
Headquarters, Upper Sandusky, Aug. 6, 1813 

T^ ^ Niles' Register, IV, i20 

Dear Sir: 

Your excellency's letter of the 4th inst. was delivered to me 
yesterday morning by colonel [Henry] Brush. The exertions 
which you have made, and the pi'omptitude with which your 
orders have been obeyed to assemble the militia to repel the 
late invasion of the enemy, is truly astonishing, and reflects 
the highest honor on the state. Believing that in a formal 
interview I could best explain to you the intention of the gov- 
ei-nment and my own views, I determined to come on to this 
place to see you. I have now the honor to repeat to j'ou in 


this way the result of my determination on the employment 
of the militia, and most of the facts upon which my determina- 
tion is founded. It has been the intention of government to 
form the army destined for operations upon Lake Erie, ex- 
clusively of regular troops, if they could be raised ; the number 
was limited to 7,000 — the deficiency of regulars was to be 
made up from the militia. From all the information I at pres- 
ent possess, I am convinced that there will be a great deficiency 
in the contemplated number of troops, even after the militia 
now in service, and whose time of service will not expire im- 
mediately, have been added to the regulars. I have therefore 
called upon the governor of Kentucky for 2000 effective men ; 
with those, there will still be a deficiency of perhaps 1,200 
troops. Your excellency has stated to me, that the men who 
have turned out upon this occasion, have done it with the ex- 
pectation that they would be eff"ectually employed, and that 
should they be sent home, there is no prospect of getting them 
to turn out, should it be hereafter necessary. To employ them 
all is impossible; with my utmost exertions the embarkation 
cannot be effected in less than 15 or 18 days. Should I ever 
determine to substitute them for the regular troops which are 
expected ; to keep so large a force in the field, even for a short 
period, would consume the means which are provided for the 
support of the campaign, and which are only collected for the 
number above stated. Under these circumstances, I would 
recommend a middle course to your excellency, viz. to dismiss 
all the militia but two regiments of 10 cojnpanies each, of 100 
men and an usual proportion of field, plattoon and non-com- 
missioned officers and musicians; that the corps be encamped 
at or near this place until it is ascertained whether their serv- 
ices will be wanted — a short time will determine the question. 
Permit me to request your excellency to give your countenance 
and support to the exertions which general [Duncan] 
M'Arthur will make to fill up the 26th regiment of 12 months 

It appears that the venerable governor of Kentucky is about 
to take command of the troops of the state. Could your ex- 
cellency think proper to follow his example, I need not tell you 
how highly grateful it would be to, dear sir, your friend. 

Wm. II. Harrison 


Proctor to Harrison 

Amherstburg, Aug. 7th, 1813 

Niles' Register IV, .U9 

Sin : 

Tho bearer, lieiit. Le Breton in the service of his Britannic 
majesty, I send under a flag of truce, with surgical aid, of 
which you may not have a sufTiciency, for the brave soldiers 
\\\\o were too severely wounded to come off, or who may have Iheir way after the unsuccessful attack made on the 2d 
ijkst. on the fort at Sandusky. 

ICxpccling every consideration from the brave soldier for a 
wounded enemy, I flatter myself that those prisoners in your 
po5sessi()n, and who can be removed without injury, will be 
IHTmilted to return here on my parole of honor, that they shall 
not .serve until truly and regularly exchanged. 

1 have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient and humble 

Henry Proctor 
To the oflicer commanding the fort at Sandusky 

Shelby to Harrison "' ;;^ 

Frankfort Aug 8th 1813 

From GoveiTLor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A" 138 

miwi Sir 

I wrote you about the 2nd inst., by major [Peter G.] Voris 
und by the mail about the 4th for I have not the copies by 
rue niucv whicli I have received information from various quar- 
Urn of the State that the volunteer scheme will succeed but 
It ift itupossit)l(« lo speak with any kind of certainty at so early 
■A Mrtfre of the business I flatter myself however that I shall 
''<• able to bring in the field from two to three thousand or 
isj^ward. my i)resent view^s are that all these men will ride 
t" thf margin of the Lake and if they cross over leave about 
•'*T',..' tenth man to bring the horses back some distance & herd 
th'Mi in the best range in partials until the campaign expires 
J!!:iny of the volunteers that will compose this corps will be 
♦ •ent. who will care less about emoluments than their own 
«'.'rs4> anil coTivenience & must have their horses taken care of to 
rule home a gi-eat proportion of the volunteers will come from 
the So. western parts of the State who will have to travel 


from two to three hundred miles before they arrive at the 
points of rendezvous many of them too will be poor men who 
will not be able to proceed unless forage & rations are both 
supplied — indeed I shall expect that forage will be directed to 
be furnished at Georgetown in this State — Horses will other- 
wise become so weak it will be impossible for them to proceed 
further. I must therefore my good sir beg your early and 
particular attention to the subject of forage from George 
Town onwards least from the want of it the whole scheme to 
reinforce you from this State shall prove abortive. I should 
suppose that the discretion confided to you by the department 
of war will justify you in taking this step, which in my opinion 
is all important & cannot be dispensed with, but at the hazard 
of defeating the whole enterprise. — Major [David] Trimble 
your aid de camp has stated that you would not Guarantee 
the pay of more than 2000 men but will accept the services of 
a much larger number, were I to make this public I am con- 
fident it would damp the ardor of volunteers — even Gentlemen 
of fortune (of whom there are many that will go in the ranks) 
could not with any confidence encourage their poorer neigh- 
bors to hazard their lives and loose their times for nothing it 
is at any rate a great sacrifice for a citizen of Kentucky to 
make for the mere pay of a common foot soldier for the serv- 
ice of himself & horse. — I hope you will reflect also on this sub- 
ject and authorize the payment for all that go, at least for 
4000 men should so many turn out. for I shall otherwise 
not be able to draw the distinction between those that will be 
entitled to receive pay and those that shall not if more than 
2000 volunteers turn out. If the want of forage or any other 
trifling occurrence should disgust the volunteers and cause 
them to refuse to proceed on from George town or the Ohio, 
rest assured that there will be an end to the spirit of volun- 
teering from Kentucky. — You were not mistaken as to the in- 
disposition of the people here to turn out again and it is has 
taken great exertion to reanimate them hence the greater 
necessity in the Government doing them at least common 
Justice — it is not a matter of so much moment that the men 
should be paid instantly — but such a debt of gratitude should 
be acknowledged by the Government & paid when she has 
funds to do it. I must my dear sir, hear from you before I 
leave New Port and if possible before the men leave their 


homes. — That every practicable difficulty may be removed & 
that the true standing of corps may be fairly understood. 
I have the honour to be ]\Iost respectfully, Dear General 
Your most obdt. servt. 

Isaac Shelby 
Major General William Henry Harrison 

General Order 

Head-quarters, Eighth Military District, 
Seneca Towns, 9th August, 1813 

Niles' Register, IV, Jt20 

Complaints having been made of unfair practices by some 
of the recruiting officers, in the enlistments of men ; the com- 
manding general directs the superintendent of each recruiting 
district to give the most prompt attention to every allegation 
of the Idnd, and immediately discharge every person who may 
have been enlisted contrary to law and the instructions of 
the war department. It shall also be the duty of such superin- 
tendants to arrest and send on to head-quarters for trial, every 
officer who may have offended in this way and the general 
announces it his unalterable determination to punish with the 
utmost rigor, such as may be convicted. But, whilst he thus 
evinces his desire to preserve his fellow citizens from every 
species of militarj' oppression; he hopes that the patriotic citi- 
zens will venture their efforts to shield the recruiting officers 
from the persecutions of certain vile miscreants, who, dis- 
gracing an honorable and liberal profession, and for a con- 
temptible fee, are constantly endeavoring to deprive their 
country of the service of men, who have been fairly and legally 


A True Copy 

A. H. Holmes, Assist. Adj't Gen. 

Harrison to Proctor 

Head-quarters, Eighth I\Iilitary District of the 

United States, August 10, 1813 

g Niles' Register IV, 410 

Your letter addressed to the offiicer commanding at Lower 
Sandusky, [see Aug. 7 above] was forwarded from thence to 


me, and received this moment. Upon my arrival at Fort 
Sandusky on the morning of the 3d instant, I found that major 
[George] Croghan, conformable to those principles which are 
held sacred in the American army, had caused fill the care to 
be taken of the wounded prisoners that his situation would 
permit. Having with me my hospital surgeon, he was par- 
ticularly charged to attend to them, and I am warranted in 
the belief that every aid that surgical skill could give was af- 
forded. They have been liberally furnished too with every 
article necessary in their situation which our hospital stores 
could supply. 

Having referred to my government for orders respecting 
the disposition of the prisoners, I cannot with propriety com- 
ply with your request for an immediate exchange. 

But I assure you, sir, that as far as it depends upon me, the 
course of treatment which has been commenced towards them, 
whilst in my possession, will be continued. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your humble servant, 

Wm. H. Harrison 
Maj. Gen. coynmanding 8th U. S. District 
To General Proctor 

Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort Aug 11th 1813 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Booh A" 151 

Dear Sir 

I think it my duty to apprise you of every occurrence rela- 
tive to the reinforcing you from Kentucky. 

When my address of the 31st July to the militia of this 
State was first published (of which I inclose you a copy) 
[see July 31 above] the public spirit of this country as usual 
flared out & it was expected every where that five Thousand 
men & probably a much greater number of volunteers would 
turn out & go with me to reinforce you it being just such a 
tower as they had cried out for & often solicited me to at- 
tempt. But their ardour has greatly subsided <fe the inquiry 
from all points is what pay are we to receive, shall we get 
paid for our lost horses and is forage laid in on the way for 
them &c. I am greatly mortified at the present prospect, but 
shall continue to exert every power to get out as large a force 

86— 22C64 


as possible. There is a much greater degree of public spirit 
on the North side of the Kentucky River than on the other. 
I have this day ordered a draft on the South side of Keiitu(k\ 
for 1500 men to be taken from the bounds in which tlie for- 
mer 1500 men were drafted that were discharged in conse- 
quence of your letter to me of the 21st of April last. I hojie 
that this step will produce that number from the southern 
side of the Kentucky, & that probably one thousand volunteers 
will turn out on the north side — I never have been so far dis- 
appointed in the patriotism of my countrymen befoi'e & am 
at a loss for what cause to attribute their backwardness all 
at once. The 1500 to be drafted are to rende/.vous at Ceorgc 
Town in this State on the tenth day of next month, and the 
necessary arrangements in the quartermaster line will be reii- 
uisite for their advance. 

I have admitted in the order for the draft that all who come 
forward & join the mounted volunteers from the south side 
of Kentucky, may be considered as a part of the quota re- 
quired by the draft, & I flatter myself this proposition will 
induce many to come on from that quarter to the General 
rendezvous on the 31st inst., al: Newport. 

I beg leave to remind you once more of the importance of 
liaving forage laid in on the way. 

I shall apprise you from time to time of the prospects which 
I have relative to my success in obtaining men, fo the end 
that if they don't meet your expectation you can look to other 
sources for relief. 

The mail is this moment closing & only affords me time to 
conclude with sincere wishes for your welfare & prosiioity 

And remain your obt friend &c., 

Isaac Siieluy 
To Majr. Gen. Wm. Henry Harrison, 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Seneca Towns 11th August 1813 

Hur. Pa. 131-1:; J, 


Genl. [Henry] Proctor returned to Maiden on the Gth or 
7th and excepting a very few I believe that all his Indians 
liave also retired some of their signs are occasionally seen, but 


they have become so shy that they attempt no mischief. A 
party of our friendly Indians picked up near the Lake, 4 Brit- 
ish Soldiers who had made their escape from the ditch at Fort 
Sandusky, but were unable to overtake their own army. 

A British Lieutenant accompanied by a surgeon arrived at 
Sandusky yesterday morning with a Flag and letter from 
Genl. Proctor and were very improperly sent to me without 
any previous notice. I have the honor to enclose herewith 
a copy of his letter and my answer, [see Aug. 7 and 10 
above] The prisoners that are not wounded, 16 in number 
have been sent to Upper Sandusky. What disposition will you 
have made of them? 

When the news of the invasion of this state was made known 
an immense number of militia was put in motion by Govr. 
I>*Ieigs and the different general offtcers. Having received a 
letter from Govr. Meigs informing me of his arrival at Upper 
Sandusky with the advanced detachments. I met him there 
on the 6th Inst and addressed a letter [see Aug. 6 above] to 
him advising him to dismiss all the militia excepting ten com- 
panies of one hundred each, who might be retained untill it 
could be ascertained whether the whole or any part would be 
wanted. Major [A. H.] Holmes has forwarded the Return 
of all the Troops excepting those at Fort IMeigs. The Return 
from thence was received this morning and will be fonvarded 
by the next mail, from this you will perceive that it will re- 
quire at least 4000 militia to make up the compliment of 7000 
destined for the expedition into Canada. 

The Ohio Militia which were called into service last spring 
will all be discharged in ten days and there will remain only 
about 650 of the Kentucky Militia. I have required Govr. 
Shelbj^ to furnish twenty companies of 100 men each. He is 
now raising them and will command them in person. They 
will come in on Horses and send them back. 

Commodore Perry sailed from Erie on the 5th Inst, in pur- 
suit of the enemy. I should have no apprehension for the 
issue of the conflict if he had a proper compliment of seamen 
and ofllcers. They are he informs me greatly deficient and an 
eye witness writes that there is not more than half the proper 
number of good seamen. He has some volunteers from the 
Pensylvania Rcgt. of Militia at Erie. The rest have resolved 
"that they will come on to join this army as ordered provided 
they get two months pay beforehand". 



Permit mc to solicit j^our attention to the staff of this army, 
]\Iajor [Levi] Hukill and Major [A. H.] Holmes will not be 
able for a considerable time to reduce into order the chaos that 
reigns from the entire want of experience in the officers of the 
new Regiments. Col. [Edmund P.] Gaines who has lately 
been promoted to the Command of the 25th Regt. is here. 
He would make a most excellent Adjutant General and will 
serve in that capacity unless his regiment is full in which case 
he would prefer to join it. 

My Aid de Camp Lieut. [John] 0' Fallon is a 2nd Lieut, in 
the 1st Regt. permit me to request that he be transfered to 
the 24th Regt. with the same rank of that of 1st. Lieut, if 
the vacancies of that grade are not all taken up by the promo- 
tion of the Subalterns heretofoi'e in that Regiment. 

I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect Yr. Humbel 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

The Honble Genl. John Armstrong Secretary of War 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
No 81 

Head Quarters Seneca Towns 12th Augt. 1813 

Har. Pa. 135 


IMajor [Levi] Hukill has written to the Inspector Genl. for 
blank inspection Returns but he has received none. Will you 
be pleased to give directions for having them forwarded by 
the express mail. There is difficulty in getting these printed 
in this country. 

The British Surgeon's Mate who came with the Flag ac- 
knowledgers that they lost 91 killed and missing. He did not 
mention the number of wounded that has been taken off, but 
said that several had died before they got to the Lake. Major 
Muir one of their best officers was supposed to be mortally 

I have tlie honor to be with great respect, Sir Yr. Humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. Genl. John Armstrong, Secretary of War 


Harrison to Voorhies 
Head Quarters, Seneca Town, August 18, 1813 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Aff. I, 653 


As you have reported yourself to me as the authorized agent 
of the contractor, I must request that you take immediate 
measures for having two hundred thousand rations of salted 
pork or bacon prepared at Cleveland, Sandusky, or some other 
place on the lake, to be used when the army shall arrive on 
the Canada shore. Should you think proper to supply the 
other component parts, and make the two hundred thousand 
complete rations, you are at liberty to do so. You have the 
flour at Cleveland, and as it will not be wanted there, it can be 
used for the above purpose; however, the pork must be pro- 
cured at any rate. 

I am, very respectfully, your humble servant 

William H. Harrison 
I\Taj. Peter G. Voorhies Agt. for Orr and Greely 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No 83) 

Head Quarters Seneca Town August 22nd 1813 

Har. Pa. 136-7 


I returned this day from a visit to Commodore Perry who 
is nov/ with his fleet (10 sails) off the mouth of the Sandusky 
bay. He received an accession of officers and seamen before 
he left Erie but he is still very deficient in both in the number 
and quality of the latter. To remedy this defect as far as pos- 
sible, I have furnished him with one hundred of my best men, 
including all the seamen that could be found in the companies 

An order has also been forwarded to Fort Meigs to select 
all of the latter that are there and send them down to the 
Commodore at the mouth of the Miami bay. 

The Commodore and myself have agreed upon the propriety 
of his proceeding immediately off Maiden to brave the enemies' 
fleet, and if possible bring them to action before he shall be 
encumbered with our troops. I am aflraid that they will not 
fight him at present, but his appearance before Maiden will 


have a great effect upon the Indians, between whom and their 
allies verj^ serious disputes have arisen. Three Wyandot In- 
dians, in whom I have entire confidence have been sent by 
their old chief the Crane upon my suggestion to widen the 
breach and endeavour to prevail upon them to return home and 
suffer the contest to be decided by the British and us alone. 

I am exerting every nerve to complete my preparations for 
crossing the Lake as soon as I am reinforced by two thousand 
of the Kentucky militia. That number is indispensible from 
the sickly state of the regular troops, of whom I shall think 
myself fortunate to take with me two-fifths of the aggregate 

I shall do myself the honor to write to you more fully by the 
next mail. 

I have the honor to be, Sir with great respect your humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. John Armstrong Esquire SecreUiry at War 

Aaron Greely to Harrison 
Camp Harrison, Cleveland, August 25, 1813 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Aff. I, 653 


I have taken the liberty to send you enclosed a correct state- 
ment of the component parts of rations at this time ready to 
be delivered in good order along the lake coast, on the nav- 
igable waters within this district; the pj'incipal part of which 
are at this place. All the component parts of the rations can 
be delivered almost exclusively at this post immediately, ex- 
cept the salted pork, which will fall short of the two hundi'cd 
thousand rations about thirty thousand; this deficiency is not 
in the country, neither can it be procured in time at this season 
of the year. If you should think it proper to take salted beef 
in lieu of this deficiency, I have the barrels and salt on hand, 
and can deliver to you five hundred barrels prime beef, in 
good order, and warranted to keep good until the first of May 
next. Ten day's notice will be sufficient I have contracted 
for ten thousand pounds of bacon ; the time in which it was 
to be delivered has expired since the 20th instant. I expect 
it every day, and am confident it will be here in time. 


I have a number of bakers employed in baking biscuit, of 
which I can immediately furnish you with fifty thousand ra- 
tions, warranted to keep good for one year. Colonel [B. G.] 
Orr's long stay in the city of Washington prevented my re- 
turning here before you left this to attend to your orders. 

I experience a very serious difficulty for the want of stores 
for the provisions. Was Mr. Duncan Reed, the acting Deputy 
Quartermaster, more attentive to his business a few boards 
might be procured to cover those provisions which are now 
lying exposed to the storms on the lake shore, and the evil 
in a great degree be remedied. The regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania militia, under the command of Colonel Rees Hill, 
amounting to about six hundred and fifty men, will arive here 
on Sunday next. I shall ever endeavor at all times to obey 
you and comply with your requisitions, and exert myself for 
the good of the pubhc service. 

I am, with pleasure, respectfully your obedient humble 

Aaron Greely 
His Excellency Wm. H. Harrison Maj. Gen. Com. N. W. Army 

Croghan to Editor of Liberty Hall 

Lower Sandusky, August 27, 1813 

Cincinnati Liberty Hall, Sept. i4, 1813 

I have with much regret seen in some of the public prints, 
such misrepresentations respecting my refusal to evacuate this 
post, as are calculated not only to injure me in the estimation 
of military men, but also to excite unfavorable impressions 
as to the propriety of General Harrison's conduct relative to 
this affair. 

His character as a military man is too well established to 
need my approbation or support. But his public services en- 
title him at least to common justice, this affair does not fur- 
nish cause of reproach. If public opinion has been lately mis- 
led respecting his late conduct, it will require but a moment's 
cool, dispassionate reflection, to convince them of its propriety. 
The measures recently adopted by him, so far from deserving 
censure, are the clearest proofs of his keen penetration and 
able Generalship. It is true that I did not proceed immedi- 
ately to execute his order to evacuate this post; but this dis- 


obedience was not, as some would wish to believe, the result 
of a fixed determination to maintain the post contrary to his 
most positive orders, as will appear from the following de- 
tail, which is given to explain my conduct. 

About 10 o'clock on the morning of the 30th ultimo, a letter 
from the Adjutant General's ofTice, dated Seneca Town, July 
29, 1813, was handed me by Mi\ [John] Conner, ordering me 
to abandon this post, burn it, and retreat that night to head- 
quarters. On the reception of the order I called a council of 
officers, in which it was determined not to abandon the place, 
at least until the further pleasure of the General should be 
Imown, as it was thought an attempt to retreat in the open 
day, in the face of a superior force of the enemy would be 
more hazardous than to remain in the fort, under all its dis- 
advantages. I therefore wrote a letter to the General, couched 
in such terms as I thought were calculated to deceive the 
enemy should it fall into his hands, which I thought more 
than probable — as well as to inform the General, should it be 
so fortunate as to reach him, that I would wait to hear from 
him, before I should proceed to execute his order. This let- 
ter, contrary to my expectations was received by the General, 
who, not knowing what reasons urged me to write in a tone 
so decisive, concluded very rationally that the manner of it 
was demonstrative of the most positive determination to dis- 
obey his order under any circumstance. I was therefore sus- 
pended from the command of the fort, and ordered to Head 
quarters, But on explaining to the General my reason for not 
executing his orders, and my object in using the style I had 
done, he was so perfectly satisfied with the explanation, that 
I was immediately reinstated in the command. 

It will be recollected that the order above alluded to, was 
written on the night previous to my receiving it — had it been 
delivered to me, as was intended, that night, I should have 
obeyed it without hesitation; its not reaching me in time, was 
the only reason which induced me to consult my officers on 
the propriety of waiting the General's further orders. 

It has been stated, also, that upon my representations of my 
ability to maintain the post, the General altered his deter- 
mination to abandon it. This is incorrect. No such repre- 
sentation was ever made. And the last order I received from 
the General, was precisely the same as that first given, viz. 


'That if I discovered the approach of a large British force by 
water, (presuming that they would bring heavy artillery,) 
time enough to effect a retreat, I was to do so ; but if I could 
not retreat Vvith safety, to defend the post to the last ex- 

A day or two before the enemy appeared before fort jMeigs, 
the General had reconnoitred the surrounding ground, and 
being informed that the hill on the opposite side of Sandusky 
completely commanded the fort, I offered to undertake, with 
the troops under mj^ command, to remove it to that side. The 
General, upon reflection, thought it best not to attempt it, as 
he believed that if the enemy again appeared on this side of 
the lake, it would be before the work could be finished. 

It is useless to disguise the fact, that this fort is commanded 
by the points of high ground around it ; a single stroke of the 
eye made this clear to me the first time I had occasion to ex- 
amine the neighborhood, ^^'ith a view of discovering the rela- 
tive streng-th and weakness of the place. 

It would be insincere t-o say that I am not flattered by the 
many handsome things which have been said about the de- 
fence which was made by the troops under my command ; but 
I desire no plaudits which are bestowed upon me, at the ex- 
pense of General Harrison. 

I have at all times enjoyed his confidence so far as my rank 
in the army entitled me to it. And on proper occasions re- 
ceived his marked attention. I have felt the warmest at- 
taclmient for him as a man, and my confidence in him as an 
able commander remains unshaken. I feel every assurance 
that he will at all times do me ample justice; and nothing 
could give me more pain than to see his enemies seize upon 
this occasion to deal out their unfriendly feelings and acrim- 
onious dislike — and as long as he continues (as in my humble 
opinion he has hitherto done) to make the wisest arrange- 
ments and most judicious disposition, which the forces under 
his command will justify, I shall not hesitate to unite with the 
army in bestowing upon him that confidence which he so richly 
merits, and which has on no occasion been witheld. 

Your friend, 

George Croghan Maj 17 Inf 


Field Officers to ILarrl^^on 

Lower Seneca Town. Aug. 29, ISlo 

Daw? on, Harrison, .109 

Th-: undersigned, being the general, field, and staff ofricci s. 
with that portion of the north-western army under the im- 
mediate command of General Harrison have observed with le- 
i^\\:t iind surprise that charges as iniproper in the form as in 
the substance have been made against the conduct of General 
Harrison during the recent investment of Lov.-er Sandusky. 
At another time, and under ordinary circumstances, we shor/k; 
deem it improper and unmilitary thus publicly to give ariv 
opinion resi^ecting the movements of the army. But public 
{•onfulence in the commanding General is essential to the suc- 
cess of the campaign, and causelessly to withdraw or to witli- 
hold that confidence, is more than individual injustice; it be- 
comes a serious injury to the seiwice. A part of the force, 
of wliich the American army consists, will derive its greatest 
strength and efficacy from a confidence in the commanding 
General, and from those moral causes which accompany and 
give energy to public opinion. A very erroneous idea respect- 
ing the number of the troops then at the disposal of the Gen- 
eral, lias doubtless been the primary cause of those unfortunate 
. ! il unfounded impressions. A sense of duty forbids us from 
giving a detailed view of our strength at that time. In that 
resr''-f:t, we have fortunately experienced a very favorable 
cliange. Lut we refer the public to the General's official re- 
port to the secretary of war, of major [Geo'ge] Croghan's 
successful dcfeiir-e of Lower Sandusky. In that will be found 
a sb'iiement (m" Oiir wliole disposable force; and he who be- 
lieves that with such a force, and under the circumstances 
wliich then occurred. General Har}'ison ought to have advan.ced 
ui)on the enemy must be left to correct his opinion in the 
School of experience. 

On. a review of the course th< ,■• adopted, we are decivi< c'ih 
^'f the oj)in;on, that it was such as was dictated by mil-iavy 
v^•isdom. and by a due regard to oio: own circumstances and 
to the situation of the enemy. The reasons for this opinion 
it is cvidfTitly improper now to >rivr>. but we hold ourselves 
^ >r.dy at ;. {."iiture poriotL and when olhci' circumstances shall 
have inie/v^ ned, to salr.iy every man of its cori-ectness who 
is anxioi:. to investigate and willing to receive the truth. 



And with a rcadj^ acquiescence, beyond the mere claims of 
militarj' duty, we are prepared to obey a General, whose meas- 
ures meet our most deliberate approbation, and merit that of 
his country, 

Lewis Cass, Bng Gen. U. S. A. 

Samuel Wells, Col. 17, R. U. S. I 

Thos. D. Owings, Col. 28 R. U. S. I 

George Paull, col. 17 R.U. S. I. 

J. C. Bartlett, Col Q. M. G. 

James V. Ball, Licnt. Col. 

Robert Morrison, Lieiit Col. 

George Todd, Maj. 19 R. U. S. I. 

James Smiley, Maj 28 R. U. S. I. 

William Trigg, Maj, 28 R. U. S. I. 

Rd. Graham, Maj 17 R.U, S. I. 

George Croghan, Maj. 17 R. U, S. I. 

L. HUKILL, Maj & As. Imp. Gen. 

E. D. Wood, Maj Engineers 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 84) 

Head Quarters Seneca Town August 29th 1813 

Har. Pa. 138-liO 


An indisposition of which I am now getting the better pre- 
vented me from writing to you by last mail. 

I shall be able to embark some day between the 10th and 
15th Proximo with upwards of 2000 regular troops and three 
thousand militia. Every exertion has been and is continued 
to be made to prepare for the contemplated offensive opera- 
tions, but as we could not navigate the Lakes untill our Flo- 
tilla came up nor accumulate any power on its margin the 
stores that were at Upper Sandusky and Fort Winchester dur- 
ing Proctor's late invasions it will take the time I have men- 
tioned before the embarkation can be effected. It might be 
facilitated by moving the troops that are here immediately to 
the Lake and there waiting for the Kentucky Militia. But it 
is extremely unhealthy on the edge of the southern shore from 
Huron to the River Raison that the most fatal effects would 
follow the keeping the Troops upon it even for a few days. 
You can form no correct estimate of the dreadful effects of 


the immediate body of stagnant water with wliich the vicinity 
of the Lake abounds, from the state of the troops at Lower 
Sandusky upwards of ninety are this morning reported on 
the sick, out of about 220. Those at Fort Meigs are all much 
better. This position is tlie most healthful] in the whole coun- 
try. I am removing part of the sick from Fort Meigs here 
and shall place the ill men upon Edwards Island as soon as 
the fleet returns. The Commodore has been absent for seven 
days. A Frenchman from the River Raison who arrived at 
Fort ]\Ieigs the day before yesterday says that he was off the 
mouth of the Straight Thursday early but that the British fleet 
remained in the Harbour. This Frenchman is a respectable 
citizen of the IMichigan Territory (Col. Navarre) and on the 
way from Fort Meigs saw all tlio Wyandots and Shawneese 
with their chief on the Mission to the Hostile Indians, I ex- 
pect by them important information. Should they arrive be- 
fore the mail closes it shall be communicated. 

I have the Honor to be with Great Respect Sir Your Humb. 

WiLLM. Henry HARrasoN 

The Honble John Ar^istrong, Esqr. Secretary of War 

., Shelby to Harrison 

New Port Sept 1st 1813 8 o'clock P. M. 

From Governor Isaac Shelby'fi Letter Booh D, lOS 

Dear Genl. 

I have now the pleasure to acquaint you that I arrived here 
yesterday about 10 o'clock and the mounted volunteers have 
been crossing the Ohio since early on Monday by Companies. 
I have ordered the whole to concentrate at Springfield where 
I shall halt a day or two for some ammunition and hospital 
stores and endeavor to organize the army after which not a 
moment will be lost until I join you. my whole force as well 
as I can now judge will be about three thousand Ave 
hundred. They are all mounted and can reach you in ten or 
twelve days if we are not disappointed in forage &c. In a 
letter which I had the honour to address you shortly before I 
left Frankfort I took the liberty to }-ecommond the calling ou 
Governor Meigs for an additional force of his militia to enab]*-- 
you to make a sure stroke upon the enemy. I am still of the 
same opinion for although you may be restricted to a par- 


ticular number to make the decent into Canada you ought to 
put nothing to hazard for sliould you even ti'ansend your 
power if we are fortunate your company will approve, the 
measure ; and if otherwise we cannot complain, I shall be sorry 
to see any attempt made to invade the enemys country until 
we are prepared to hold every inch of ground that we may 
conquer — I am inforaied by a letter from your aid Major 
[David] Trimble of the 23rd ult., that some advance of pay 
would be made to the volunteers and that blankets could be 
furnished to such as were without any although I have not 
communicated the information to the troops it would be most 
grateful to them to receive a small advance and even a good 
blanket to some would be an object as many are poor men 
and the call has been so sudden as not to afford them the 
chance of supplying themselves before they started — 

I shall be highly gratified to hear from you on my march 
and to be apprised of so much of your view as may be proper 
& safe to communicate at the same time believe that every pre- 
caution is necessary to avoid any intelligence falling into the 
hands of the enemy by which they could counteract your de- 
sign. Majr. [Thomas] Bodlcy informed me that there was a 
large quantity of corn at Cleveland would it not be adviseable 
to have a portion of it forwarded to Sandusky. I beg you to 
reflect how our horses are to be supported to send them back 
will be out of the question I would also suggest that there is a 
deficiency of arms at this place by about seven hundred. I 
should like to be informed at what point we can be supplied. 
I shall cross the Ohio early in the morning on my way to join 

I have the honour to be Your mo. obt. 

Isaac Shelby 
Mjr. Genl. Wm. Henry Harrison 

Harrison to Meigs 
Head-Quarters, Seneca Towns September 4th, 1813 

Niles' Register V, 86 

Dear Sir: 

Information recently received has satisfied me, that the Del- 
aware Indians near Piqua are in great danger from the re- 
sentment of the people in that quarter. 

I regret that any portion of the community should thus ven- 


ture to compromise the public faith and to violate engage- 
nun Is solemnly entered into. I regret it the more, as the 
j)()licy on the part of the enemy to produce such a state of 
thinK-^ and to excite discord and collisions between our own 
y,vn\)]r and the Indians attached to our cause, is too manifest 
to rM-apo observation, and facts which have come to my knowl- 
('<1k«' convinco me that this obvious course of policy has been 
{i(loi)t(>(l, and unless its effects are immediately checked, it 
promises to be but too successful. I trust the authority of 
your cxcelloncy, aided by the good sense of the community, 
V, ill ho sudicient to prevent those Indians from being sacrificed 
to t'als'' iinpj-essions and angry passions. Did I suppose that 
any of tlu-so were concerned in the recent murders and depre- 
(!ntiolJ^ committed upon the frontiers I would lose no time in 
].r'«uring their apprehension and bringing them to justice. 
! am assured by their chiefs, now here, that in case it can 
!>(' proven, they will immediately apprehend and surrender 
them to the civil authority of the country. This is all the 
vaufX nVrid justice can demand. The conduct of the Shawanes 
upon a late and similar occasion, ought to satisfy every one 
that Ihoy are disposed to listen to and redress every complaint 
whrn properly made and supported. When one of their young 
in* n m July last shot one of our citizens, he was immediately 
Ajjpri'hciulcd by the chiefs and surrendered to general 
(Thoinan S.] Wingate at St. Mary's; two of these very Dela- 
^Viin^ Indjj'.n.s who have been most strongly suspected, have 
lAU]y i)rovon their fidelity in a very exemplary manner, by 
th»' rrscue of one of our officers from a party of hostile In- 
djans. I request your excellency to take immediate steps to 
uJford .'^Turity to these people. They have thrown themselves 
u{K>n m for piotection. The faith of the country has been 
M'l.iTinly i.lcdgcd that this protection shall be afforded them. 

Many of their wari-iors are now here rendering important 
^ rvire to the army. If any man has just cause of complaint 
^kMin.nt th-rn. lot him come forward; he shall be heard and 
»r,irrs.:ic<i. Were I not correctly convinced that the supicions 
*e^imiihvM' people are groundless, I should be one of the last 
«t?< n m the country to lend them countenance and support. 

Uii « \uu^ acquaintance with them gives me some right to 
yi<\K^\ .uul tli.-Jr recent conduct, present situation and future 
in>i^:s, couvuue mc that their fidelity to the United States is 


unquestionable. To attempt indiscriminately to murder these 
people, would inflict a blot upon the national honor which 
would never be effaced. It would drive every Indian, in their 
own defence, to take up arms against us, and it would afford 
to the enemy a subject of rejoicing to find us pursuing a 
course of conduct, only to be paralleled by the tragic scenes of 
Hampton. I yet hope the information I have received upon 
this subject may prove erroneous, and that my countrymen 
will still manifest sacred regard to public faith, which has 
heretofore characterized the government and community. But 
the crisis is so important, and the subject so interesting in 
every point of view, that I should have deemed myself culpa- 
ble had I not requested you to direct your attention to it. 

In a personal interview with your excellency, I could give 
you many reasons for my opinions, but as they ought not to 
be committed to paper, I must rest satisfied with making this 
communication. . :.^: 

I am dear sir with great regard. 

Your humble servant, 

Wm. Henry Harrison 
His Excellency R. J. Meigs 

P. S. I have been informed that the man whose wife was 
killed near to Piqua asserts, that he Imew the Indian who 
killed her to be a Delaware. There are persons now here 
who were at Brownstown when her scalp was brought in by 
a party of the prophet's Indians. 

B. G. Orr to Harrison 

Seneka Towns 7 Sept. 1813. 

Hwr. Pa. lil-H3 


When in Washington lately on the subject of the protested 
drafts of the contractors I urged to the Secretary of War the 
necessity of devising some means to prevent the recurrence of 
wants so fatal to their credit and possibly injurious to the 
public interest unable to ascertain what the wants of the army 
you command might be and unwilling to give to any one the 
power of drawing ad Hbitiim on the public treasury he told 
me I must submit to you an estimate of the cost of each requi- 
sition that might be made on me for which when approved by 


you as reasonable, I might draw without danger of protests. 
For this purpose I now enclose you a view of what I suppose 
the current issues to recruiting and marching parties thro the 
state of Ohio for the present month will amount to as well as 
the recent requisition for 300,000 rations for the proposed in- 
vasion of the enemys country. I hope you will find it satis- 
factory and that notwithstanding the want of instruction from 
the Secretary on the subject as it does not increase your re- 
sponsibility you will not decline this the Secretary's own ar- 

I have the honor to be Sir with Respect Yr. Most. Ob. St. 

,_ . „ , ,T Benj. G. Orr 

Maj. Genl. Harrison 

Sept 7, 1813 
The Contractors Estimate 

I suppose the current issues to recruiting and marching par- 
ties throughout the state of Ohio will for the month of Sept. 
amount to $5000 

300,000 rations recently required for the army 
in its operations against the enemy I suppose 
will cost 55000 

Sink a Town [Seneca Town] 7th Sept. 1813 

The above estimate amounting to sixty thousand dollars is 
respectfully submitted to the consideration of Genl. Harrison. 

Benj. G. Orr 
One of the contractors for the 8th Military District 

A true copy 

John O'Fallon, A. D. Camp. 

Return of Provision now deposited at different places on the 
shore of Lak(^ Erie for the use of the N. W. array by Benj. G. Ork & 
Aauon Gkeely Contractors AuRust 25th 1813 


Flour Whiskey 




Bbl Rations 


Rations Gals 


Pound Ration 

Pound Rations 

513 130453 


132220 1933 




350 23333 

7 1802 


1G878 GO 


18 478,8 


13972 3000 


G 1590 



644 144,704 


1G8130 4992 




350 23333 


Vinognr Salt 

(tals. Ilalions Bbl Rations At what place deposited 

1100 110000 05 520000 Clcaveland 

10 80,000 Huron 

Grand River 

1100 110000 75 COOOOO 


On- & Gi-eelcy Contractor for the N. W. Army 

(A true Copy) 
John O'Fallox, .4. D. Camp. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters Seneca Town 8th Sept. 1813 

Har. Pa. lhU-lU7 


I have the honor to inform you that I am now in complelo 
readiness to embark the troops the moment Govr. Shelby shall 
arrive. I shall march from hence for the margin of the Lake 
in three days and shall lose no time in prosecuting the contem- 
plated offensive measures. 

The Catallion of the U. S. Rifle Regiment and the recruits 
from Knoxville for the 24th Regiment will I fear not arrive 
in time but we must do without them. 

Upon reference to my late letters I find that I have not com- 
municated the result of the mission sent by the Wyandot chief 
to the hostile Indians. Their arrival at Brownstown was im- 
mediatelj^ communicated to the British and they were obliged 
to deliver their speech which was intended for the Wyandots 
alone to a general council of all the chiefs at which [Matthew] 
Elliott and [Alexander] McKee were present. The answer 
was given by Round Head who is entirely in the British in- 
terest and was such as Elliott dictated. 

A private message was hov/ever sent by Walk in the Water 
the principal chief of the British Wyandots and a man of good 
character that he would use his utmost exertions to induce 
the Indians to abandon the British and that he had deter- 
mined not to fight us but upon our advance to seize the Huron 
church at Sandwitch with all the waj'riors he could engage to 

37— 22CC1 



assist him and defend himself against the British and their 

Commodore Perry has just sent me three American citizens 
wlio came from Detroit nine days ago. They had taken great 
pains to ascertain the enemies force previously to their coming 
off. They make the number of Indians from 1800 to 2000 
militia 1000 Regulars 800 effectives. 

The Billious and intermitant fevers are the worst enemies 
we have to encounter the number of sick decreases here but at 
Fort I\Ieigs and Lower Sandusky nearly half the men are on 
the sick report. 

]\Iajor Haines has resigned the appointment of Assist<int 
Adjt. Genl. I had no alternative but to accept Col. [Edmund 
P.] Gains in the Execution of the duties of Adjt. Genl. having 
no other officer of the line capable of performing the duties 
of that office, 

1 have the Honor to enclose you the copy of a letter from 
Mr. [B. G.] Orr the contractor. [Sept 7 above] Having re- 
ceived no directions from you on the subject on which it is 
written I could not authorise the drafts he speaks of. I think 
it proper however to state that I have called upon him for 
300,000 rations to be issued on the Canada shore but of this 
quantity he has on hand much the greater part which was 
purchased at Cleveland or near it with the money vrhich he 
received for the bills he drew on your department previously 
to his going to the seat of government the last time. I enclose 
the schedule of the provisions which his partner i\Ir. [Aaron] 
Greely returned as being on hand on the 25th ultimo at Cleve- 
land and in the neighbourhood of that place. In a letter from 
IMr. Orr of the 29th he contradicts Mr. Greely's report of the 
pork on hand making it two hundred barrells less, but there 
are at Lower Sandusky thirty-five barrells the property of the 
contractor which are not included in the return. One hundred 
and sixty five barrels of pork then deducted from the schedule 
it exhibits a true state of the provisions on hand to answer 
the demand of the 300,000 rations, the ballance must bo pro- 
cured by purchase. I am thus particular to enable you to 
judge of the sum which it may be necessary to advance to IMr. 
Orr. I demanded the 300,000 rations to ensure a supply upon 
our first arrival in Canada by uniting his exertions with those 
of our commissary. 


I have the honor to enclose you a copy of a letter from the 
Genl. and field officers upon the subject of hospital stores for 
tlio army. I agree with them entirely as to the deficiency of 
those stores. 

T have the Honor to be with Great Respect Sir Your Hum. 


WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

Honblc John Armstrong Esqr. Secretary at War 

Perry to Harrison 

U. S. Brig Niagara, off the Western Sister &c. 

September 10th, 1813. 4 P. M. 

McAfee, History, J5/^ 

Dear General: 

W^e have met the enemy and they are ours — two ships, two 
brigs, one schooner and a sloop. 

Yours with great respect and esteem. 
Oliver Hazard Perry 

Harrison to Shelby 
Head Quarters, Seneca, 12th September, 1813 

McAfee, History, 353 

You will find arms at Upper Sandusky; also a considerable 
(luantity at Lower Sandusky. I set out from this place in an 
hour. Our fieet has beyond all doubt met that of the enemy. 
'I'iie day before yesterday an incessant and tremendous can- 
nonading was heard in the direction of Maiden by a detach- 
mout of troops coming from fort Meigs. It lasted two hours. 
I am all anxiety for the event. There will be no occasion for 
your halting here. Lower Sandusky affords fine grazing. 
\\'ith respect to a station for your horses, there is the best in 
the world immediately at the place of embarkation. The San- 
dusky bay, lake Erie, and Portage river form between them 
a i)eiiinsula, the isthmus of which is only one mile and a half 
aci-oss, A i'ence of that length, and a suflicient guard left 
there, would make all the horses of the army safe. It would 
enclose fifty or sixty thousand acres, in which are many culti- 
vated fields, which having been abandoned, are now grown up 
with the finest grass. Your sick had better be left at Upper 
Sandusky or here. Harrison 


Perry to Secretary of Navy 

Sept. 12, 1813 

McAfee, History, 059 


It has ])lGased the Almighty to give the arms of the U. 
States, a signal victory over their enemies on this lake. The 
British squadron, consisting of two brigs, two ships, one 
schooner, and one sloop have this moment, surrendered to the 
foi'ce under my command, after a sharp conflict. 


Perry to Harrison 
United States schooner Ariel, September 15, 1813 

Nilcs' Register V, 2G3 


The very great assistance in the action of the 10th inst., 
derived from those men you were pleased to send on board 
the squadron, render it a duty to return you my sincere thanks 
for so timely a reinforcement. In fact sir, I may say, without 
those men the victory w'ould not have been achieved ; and 
equally I assure you, that those officers and men behaved as 
became good soldiers and seamen. Those who v/ere under my 
immediate observation evinced great ardor and bravery. Cap- 
tain [Ilcnry B.] Brevort, of the second regiment of infantry, 
serving on board the Niagara, I beg leave to recommend par- 
ticularly to your notice; he is a brave and gallant odlcer, and 
as far as I am capable of judging an excellent one. I am con- 
N'inced you will present the merit of this officer to the view of 
the honorable seci'etary of war, as I shall to the honorable sec- 
retaiy of the navy. 

Very respectfully, I am sir. Your obedient servant, 

^, . Oliver II. Pr:RRY 

Major Gen. Wm. IL Harrison, 

Comma uder-in-diicf of N. IV. Army 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 8G) 

Head Quarters Mouth of Portage Pjver on Lake Erie 

15th Sept. 1813 
t. Har. Pa. 148, JA9 

You will have been infornied froni the letter of Commodore 

Vor\-y to tlio Sccvotary of tlic Navy of ih'^ Di'iliiaiii naval ^•ic- 
lo)'y (^blaiiU'C! lA' liiiii and Ih''^ capiavo of the \\]\ok' ol' 1;];'. oac- 
mJL'S fiotina oa this \akij. 1 aia-;\T(' laav tlie day bofo..;^:; y^s- 
['^■'•day wilii a part oi tiio tL'oo]js fi-cja Soneca {own and ihis 
r](>! i^iiij; Gcid. [Lewis] ('as.^ Iia- bj'(a(giit oi^ 'he Temahid-:;!-. 
(;ov\-vnor [bu(ac] Sludb}' lias a'-'O ii'vivcd \.<:h Ins nriilia. 
Wo aro unsii\ ei"iji;a^;';!ul taabaai-iiiiji uie :>toj'cs and artillery raid 
by \'n:' day after to^aorrow th*' wliolo v/ill be alloat. Gen). 
[Dujuaii] ]\k-Aj'thii]' w'.U joia nie tlie day ai'ter at the Bass 
Islands v/itji tlie troopr; i-o]n Fort Tdeigv and on the follovvdng- 
ni^rht if the \,'eathcr per. ails we shall sail for the Canada 
sliore. As soon as I ]ia\( driven tlie enemy from IMalden and 
Detroit I shall despatcl". detaclrinent for the reduction of 
?lac]dnac and St. Josep]!'"- a.nd will expect your orders for rjiy 
funheA- Pxiox'i.nients. The upper part of the province of Upper 
Canmada being cleared of the enemy unless it should appear 
ex])edicnt to pursue the Indians the army under my connnand 
raii'.lii; nioN'o do^vn tlie lake to long poiiit or belov," it and co-op- 
eretc with that under Gonl. [James] Wilkinson. From my 
pv: ;.;.nt imj;]-essions with regard! to our affairs in that quaiter 
1 siiould if I considered myself authorised to do so immediately 
proceed to the lower end of the lake. Commodore Perry had 
out with him in the late actittu about one hundred and thirty 
of my men, he speaks in the highest to-ms of their conduct. 
.Maj. [E. D.] Wood had aridved at this place with two com- 
jiaiiJes wJuTi the Commodore returned to Put in Bay lie im- 
mediately sent him a reijifoi'coneut of fifty miii \-drich were 
of great service in secairing the prisoners. 

I have the Honor to be with great respect Sir \ouv Hunibl. 

Servt. „, ^-. 

W'JLLM. Henry rlAKRisoN 

The Honble. Jno. Armstrong. Scciefarii of War 

Speech of Tecu?.iseh 

Amiierst.-eefg. Sf^pt. IS, 1813 

Nilcs' Register, V, IT.'f. 

In the name of the Indian chiefs and wairi'jrs, to major-gen- 
' ra] Proctor. ;:.•; the reiJivscntvdive of their rii^d father — the 
ki -g. 

i .\'!^i!ER, iisb a Lo >our chddren; i'ou ]ia\c them now all 
be- ore you. 


Tlic war bcfoi'c this, our British father gave the hatchet 
\o his red cliildren, when our chiefs were alive. They iwr 
liOW dead. In that war, our fatlier was throvrn on his back 
by the Americans, and our father took them by the hand with- 
out our kjiowledge; and we are afraid that our father will do 
so again at this time. 

Summer before last, when I came forward with my red 
brethren, and was ready to take up the hatchet in favor of 
our British father, we were told not to be in a hurry, that 
he had not yet determined to fight the Americans. 

Listen! When war was declared, our father stood up and 
gave us the tomahawk, and told us that he was then ready to 
strike the Americans; that he wanted our assistance and that 
he would certainly get us our lands back, which the Americans 
had taken from us. 

Listen ! You told us, at that time, to bring forward our 
families to this place; and we did so; and you promised to 
take care of them, and that they should want for nothing, 
while the men would go and fight the enemy. That we need 
not trouble ourselves about the enemy's garrison ; that vre 
knew notliing about them, and that our father would attend 
to that part of the business. You also told your red children, 
that you would take care of your garrison here, which made 
our hearts glad. 

Listen ! When we were last to the Pvapids, it is true we gave 
you little assistance. It is hard to fight people who live like 
gj'ound hogs. 

Father listen! Oui- fieet has gone out; we know they have 
fought ; we have heard the great guns ; but know nothing of 
v/hat has happened to our father with one arm. Our ships 
liave gone one way, and we are much astonished to see our 
father tying up everything and preparing to run av\ay the 
other, without letting his red children know what his inten- 
tions ai-e. You always told us to remain here and take care of 
oui- lands; it made our liearts glad to hear that was your wish. 
Our great father, the king, is our head, and you represer:t 
him. You always told us, that you would never draw your 
foot off British gi'ound; but now, father we see you are dra^^'- 
ing back, and we are sorry to see our father doing so without 
seeing the enemy. We must compare our father's conduct to 
a fat animal, that carries its tail upon its back, but when af- 
f)-ighted, he drops it between his legs and runs off. 


Listen Father! The Americans have not yet defeated us by 
land; neither are we sure that they have done so by water; 
we, therefore, wish to remain hero, and fight our enemy, if 
they should make their appearance. If they defeat us, we v/ill 
then retreat with our father. 

At the battle of the Rapids last war, the Americans certainly 
defeated us ; and when we retreated to our father's fort at that 
place the gates were shut against us. We were afraid that it 
vv^ould now be the case; ))ut instead of that we now see our 
British father preparing to march out of his garrison. 

Father! You have got the arms and ammunition Vviiich our 
great father sent for his red children. If you have an idea of 
going away, give them to us, and you may go and welcome, for 
us. Our lives are in the hands of the Great Spirit. We are 
determined to defend our lands, and if it be his will we wish 
to leave our bones upon them. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quakters Kingston 19th Sept. 1813 
Har. Fa. IS 7-1 91 

The centre division of the Upper Canada army is placed in a situ- 
ation veiy critical and one novel in the system of war that of investing 
a force vastly superior in numbers within a strongly intrenched posi- 
tion. It was adopted and has been maintained from a confident ex- 
pectation that with the cooperation of the squadron under your com- 
mand a combined attack ere this could have been effected on the enemy 
at Fort George with every prospect of success. To the local disad- 
vantages of the position occupied by our army have vmhappily been 
added disease and desertion to a degree calling for immediate remedy. 
We are therefore required to proceed with the Fleet under your com- 
mand with the least possible delay to the head of the Lake affording 
sufficient convoy to tlie small vessels containing those stores and sup- 
plies of which the army is in the most pressing want. Upon your 
arrival near the Head Quarters of the Center Division you will consult 
with Major General De Rottenburg who will unite in his pex'son the 
civil and military command in upper Canada upon my withdrawing 
from the provinces. Upon the eligibility of a combined attack for the 
purpose of dislodging the enemy from the position of Fort George by 
a i-apid foi'ward movement of the army bringing up in Battery at the 
same time the heavy ordnance mortars and howitzers now embarked. 
This attack must be supported by the countenance of your squadron and 
the fire of such vessels as are armed with a description of ordnance 
favourable to it. Should this attempt appear to you to be attended 
with too great hazard to the squadron under youi" command, under the 


possible circumstance of the enemy's aiipcarir.p; on the Luke you will 
in that case distinctly state your sentiments to I^.Iajor General De Rot- 
tenburg who will immediately upon a-ccrtainint^- your inability to assist 
him to take measures for cvacuatinu- the position he now occupies in 
the execution of which movement you will g:ive his army every support 
and assistance consistent v.ith the safety of your vessels and having 
performed this service you will p-usLie such measures as shall appear 
most probable speedily to ensure the acquisition of the naval ascendancy. 
You are already acquainted v.-ith the decided line of conduct which I 
wish to be observed on Lake Erie by Captain [Robert H.] Barclay and 
you will not fail to impress en tluit officer the absolute necessity of 
regaining the naval superiority arid to preserve uninterrupted the ir.- 
tcicourse between Amhurstburgh and Long Point in order that the sup- 
plies and stores in depot at the latter place and at the Head of the 
Lake may be transported in safety to the Right Division. 

The Flotilla of Transports on Lake Ontario are to be kept employed 
as long as the season will admit in the conveyance of the provisions and 
other supplies collected at Kingston and destined for the Right and 
Center Division of the araiy and they are to receive from your force 
the necessary protection. 

I have the honor to be Sir Your most Obedient and Humble Servant 
George Prevost, Comnnander of the Forces 
To Commodore Sir James Lucas Yeo. 

Letter found amongst Genl. Proctors papers from Sir 
George Provost to Sir Jas. Yeo. I shall send a detachment to 
Long Point to take or destroy any depot of provisions they 
may have there. 

I have the honor to be with great respect sir your humb. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. J. i\I. Armstrong Esqr. Secy, of Wai\ 

Secretary of \^''ar to Harrison 
War Department Sackett's Harbor 22nd Sept. ISlo 

Ear. Pa. 90 


Information has reached me thro various but unoOicial 
channels that Commodore Perry had captured the vrholo of 
the British fleet on Lake Erie. If this be true it is matter of 
much personal and public cojigratulation. It enables you to 
make sure of i\Ialden and as a subsequent measure to carry 
your main body down the lake and by throwing yourself into 
De Roltenberg's rear to compel him to quit his new position 


befoi'G fort GcorgG. After Gcnl. [James] Wilkinson sJiall have 
left that place there will be found on the two sid( s of the 
Niagara a force amounting to three thousand men wlio will 
be subjected to your order. By giving this new direction to 
your operations, you will readily perceive of how much more 
importance it is in the opinion of the Executive to ber.t or to 
cxpell the enemy from the country lying between tlio tvro 
lakes, Erie and Ontario, than to pursue the Indians irito their 
woody and distant recesses. A few days will put us in motion 
from this point. 

;Major Genl. HARRISON 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
Head Quarters Bass Island 22nd Sept. 1813 

Har. Pa. 150 


The greater part of the troops are here with me and the 
whole will I believe be up by twelve o'clock. I shall proceed 
as far as the Middle Sister in the course of tonight and tomor- 
]'ow and in the follov/ing night get so near the enemies coast 
as to land two or three vessels below I^.Ialden by eight o'clock 
in the morning. These prospects may however be retarded 
by adverse wind. Commodoie Perry gives me every assist- 
ance in his power but his crews were so much cut up in the 
late action that he cannot navigate his vessels without the aid 
of my men. In obedience to your order to settle the accounts 
of the Kentucky militia for back rations I have appointed 
Lewis Sanders Esqr. a citizen of Lexington of the greatest re- 
spectability to do the business and have authorized him to 
draw upon you for the amount. 

I have the Honor to be with great Respect your humbl. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Honble John Armstrong Esq. Seoctaiij of War. 

Perry to Secretary of Navy 

U. S. schooner Ariel, :\Ialden Harbor, 

23d Sept. 1813, 5 P. ^L 
X;7('.s* Registtr V, 117 

Sir : 

I have the honor to acquaint you that the army under ma- 


jor-general Harrison have this moment marched into Maiden 
without opposition, and that the sqiiadi'on are now at anchor 
ofi' tlic town. 

I have the lionor to be etc. 

To the Sec. of the Navy 0. II. Perry. 

General Orders 

Head Quarters on Board the U. S. Aeriel 

September 27th 1813 

Hot. ra. 153-160 

As it is the intention of the General to land the army on 
the enemy's coast the following will be the order of debarka- 
tions of march and of battle : 

The rig-ht wing of the army will be composed of the Ken- 
tucky volunteers under the command of his Excellency Gov- 
ernor Shelb-y acting as Major General. The left wing of the 
light corps of Lieut. Col. [James V.] Ball and the Brigades of 
General [Duncan] McArthur and [Lewis] Cass. This ar- 
rangement is made with a view to the localities of the ground 
upon which the troops are to act and the composition of the 
enemy's forces and is calculated in marching up the lake oi- 
strait to place our regular troops in the open ground on the 
lake, where they will probably be opposed by the British reg- 
ulars, and the Kentucky volunteers in the woods which it is 
presumed v/ill be occupied by the enemy's militia and Indians. 
When the signal is given for putting to the shore, the corps of 
Lt. Col. Ball will precede the left wing; the regiment of volun- 
teer riflemen the right wing. These corps will land with the 
utmost celerity consistently with preservation of good Order 
and as soon as landed will seize the most favorable position 
for annoying the enemy and covering the disembarkation of 
the troops of the line. Genl. Cass's Brigade will follow Col. 
Balls corps and General Calimes [Calmes] the volunteer Riffle- 
men. The regiments will land and form in succession upon 
those which precede them. The I'ight v/ing with its left in 
front displaying to the right and the left wing with its right in 
front displaying to the loft. The Brigades of Genls. [John 
Edward] King, [James] Allen and [Samuel] Caldwell will 
form successively to the right of General Calmes. General 
McArthurs and [David] Chile's Bj-igades will form the re- 


serve. The General will command in person the Brigades of 
Genls. Cass and Calmes assisted by ]\Iajor General [William] 
Henry, His excellency Governor Shelby will have the imme- 
diate command of the three Brigades on the right assisted by 
Major Genl. [Joseph] Desha. As soon as the troops are dis- 
embarked the boats are to be immediately sent back to the 
fleet. It will be observed that the order of landing here pre- 
scribed is somewhat that of direct Eschellons deployed into 
line upon the advanced corps of the right and left wing. It 
is the intention of the General ho^vcver that all the troops 
who are provided with boats, should land in as quick succes- 
sion as possible, and the General Officers commanding towards 
the extremities of the line are authorised to deviate from the 
arrangement to counteract any movement of the enemy by 
landing any part of their commands, previously to the forma- 
tion of the corps which is herein directed to precede them. 
The Corps of Lt. Colo. Ball and the Volunteer riffle regiment 
will maintain the position they occupy on landing until the 
troops of the line are formed to support them. They will then 
retire through the intervals of the line, or to the flanks and 
form in the rear of the line. 

A detachment of artillery with a six four and three pounder 
and Howitzer will land with the advanced light corps the rest 
of the artillery will be held in reserve and landed at such 
points as ]\Iajor [E. D.] Wood may direct. The point of land- 
ing for the reserve under Brigadier Genl. ]\IcArthur cannot 
now be designated it will be made to support any point of the 
line which may require aid or be formed on the flanks as cir- 
cumstances may render necessary. The arrangement for 
landing the troops will be made entirely under the direction 
of an oflicer of the Navy whom Commodore Perry has been 
so obliging as to off'er for that purpose. The debarkation of 
the troops will be covered by the cannon of the vessels. The 
troops being landed and the enemy driven off or not opposing 
the landing the army will change its front to the left and form 
in order of battle in the following manner: The two Brigades 
of regular troops and two of the Volunteers to be formed in 
two lines at right angles to the shore of the Lake. General 
McArthurs Brigade and Calmes to form the front line, and 
Cass and Chiles the second line; the regular troops still on. the 
left, that flank of both lines resting on the shore the distance 


between the two lines will be three hundi'ed yards. The re- 
maining three Brigades of Volunteers will be drawn up in a 
single line of two ranks, at right angles to the line of march 
its head upon the right of the front line forming a crotchet 
(en potcncc) with that line and extending beyond the second 
line. The Corps of Lt. Col. Ball will form the advance of the 
left wing at the distance of 300 yards, the regiment of Riffle 
Volunteers the advance of the right wing at the same difitance. 
Some light pieces of artillery will be placed in the road 
leading up the lake and at such other points as Major Wood 
may direct. When the order is given for marching the first 
and second Hnes will advance by files from the heads of com- 
panies in other words these tv/o lines will form two columns 
marching by their flanks by companies at entire distances. 
The Three Brigades on the right flank, will be faced to the 
left and marched forward, the head of this column still form- 
ing 671 potencc with the front line. It is probable that the two 
Brigades of the front line will extend from the lake some dis- 
tance into the woods on the right flank and it is desirable it 
should do so. But should it be othervv'ise and the crochet or 
angle be at any time on the open gi-ound His Excellency Gov- 
ernor Shelby will immediately prolong the front line to the 
right by adding to it as many companies of the leading brigade 
of the flank column as will bring the angle and consequently 
the flank column itself completely v/ithin the woods. It is to 
be presunied that the enemy will make their attack upon the 
army on its march that their regular troops will form their 
right upon the lake, their militia occupy the ground between 
the regulars and the Vv^oods and the Indians and the woods. 
The formation herein prescribed is intended to resist an ar- 
rangement of this kind — should the gcnl. conjecture on this 
subject prove correct as it must be evident that the right of 
the enemy cannot be turned, and on that v/ing his best troops 
must be placed it will be propei' to I'efuse him our left and 
direct our principal effort to uncover the left flank of his reg- 
ulars by driving off his militia. In the event here supposed 
therefore it will be proper to bring up a part O)' the whole of 
Cenl. Cass's Brigade to assist the charge made by Genl. 
Calmes or that the former should change position with the 
Bi'igade of Volunteer in the second line. Should the General 
think it safe to ordei- the Vvhole of Cass's B)-igade to the right 


without replacing it with another Cenl. Cass will march it to 
the right formed in oblique eschellons of compaiiics. It will 
be the business of Genl. McArthu]' in the event of his wint^ 
being refused to watch the motions of the enemy (and with 
the assistance of the artillery) prevent his front line at least 
from interrupting the progress of our right. Should the ei">- 
cmys militia be defeated, the brigade of ours in advance will 
immediately wheel upon the flank of the British regulars, and 
Genl. McArthur will advance to attack them in front. In the 
mean time his Excellency Governor Shelby can use the Brig- 
ade in reserve of the second line to prolong the flank line from 
its front or loft to reinforce any weak part of the line. In all 
cases v/here troops in advance are obliged to retire through 
those which are advancing to support them it will be done by 
companies in file which will retire through the ir.tcrvals of 
the advancing line arid will immediately form in the rear. The 
light troops v/ill be particularly governed by this direction. 

The disposition of the Troops on the right flank is such as 
the commanding general thinks best calculated to resist an 
attack from Indians which is only to be expected from that 
quarter. His Excellency govr. Shelby will however use his 
discretion in making any alteration which his experience and 
judgment may dictate Lt. Col. Ball, Lt. Col. [James] Simrall 
and the General Ofliccrs commanding on the flank line are to 
send out small detachments in advance of the tw^o former 
corj)s and to the flank of the latter should they discover the 
enemy in force immediate notice will be sent to the lines. The 
General commanding on the spot will immediately order the 
sigiial for formin.g in order of battle which Vs'ill be the beat 
"to arms." 

All signals will be immediately repeated by all the drums 
of the liiie. The signal foi' the whole to halt is the retreat. 
Drums will be distributed along the heads of companies and 
the taps occasionally given to regulate their march. 

Lt. Col. Ball and Simrall are to keep the General constantly 
advised of the discoveries made by tlie advanced parties. When 
it shall become necessary for the corps of Ball and Simrall 
to retii'o they v. ill form on the flank or in the rear of IMcAr- 
thu]'s and Calmes Brigades and receive the orders of the Bri- 
gadici's respectively. 

Bi'igadiei- Genl. Cass will desigiuile such oHicers as he may 


deem proper to assist Captain Elliott of the navy in the ar- 
rangement of the boats and the debarkation of the troops. The 
Genl. will be the signal for the whole to move. 

Detachment to reinforce the army below. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir your humble 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

Truly copied from the Original Robert Butler A. A. Adj. 

By command, Edmund P. Gaines Col Adj. Genl. 
Honble. John Armstrong Secy, of War. 

Harrison to Gov. Meigs 
Amherstsburg, 27th of September, 1813 10 o'clock P. II. 

Niles' Register V, 117 

Dear Sir: 

The enemy have given up this important place without op- 
position ; having destroyed the fort and all the public buildings 
which were immensely extensive and valuable, particularly the 
navy yard. 

Proctor was yesterday at Sandwich, with his regulars and 
Indians. It is supposed he is bending his course to the river 
French, there to fortify and make a stand. I shall follow him 
as soon as I collect a few horses to mount the general oflicers 
and some of the staff. 

A miserable French poney upon which the venerable and 
patriotic governor of Kentucky was mounted, is the only one 
in the armj\ 

We landed three miles below the town. I wish your troops 
to remain at one of the Sandusky's for orders. 

Your friend, 

Wm. H. Harrison 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 87) 

Head Quarters Amhurstburgh 

27th Septen\ber 1813. 
Har. Pa. 151-152 


I have the honor to inform you that I landed the army 
under my command about 3 miles below this place at 3 o'clock 


lliis evening' Nviihout opposition and took possession of the 
Tov/n in an hour after. Genl. [Heni'y] Proctor has retreated 
to Sandwich with his regular troops and Indians having pre- 
viously burned the Fort, Navy Yard, barracks and public store 
houses. The two latter were very extensive covering several 
acres of ground. I will pursue the enemy tomorrow altho 
there is no probability of overtaking him as he has upwards 
of 1000 horses and we have not one in the army. I shall 
think myself fortunate to be able to collect a sufficiency to 
mount the general officers. It is supposed here that Genl. 
Procter intends to establish himself upon the River French 40 
miles from ISIaldcn. 

I have the Honor to be with great respect Your most obt. 
Humble Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. John Armstrong Esqr. Secretary of War 

P. S. The Aggregate amount of the force with me is about 
5000 of which 2000 are regulars and the rest Kentucky mili- 
tia the Pennsylvania Regits. wnth the exception of about 100 
refused to cross the line. 

Secretary of War to Shelby 

War Office, September 27, 1813 

Historical Register, III, 95 


In the absence of the secretary of war, I have the honour 
to inform your excellency, that the president has been pleased 
to approve your ari'angements, in substituting volunteers for 
the detached militia required by general Harrison. 

The term of service for the detachment under your excel- 
lency, must depend on the arrangements of the commanding 
general, to whom you are referred for the necessary informa- 
tion relative to their duty and the points where your troops 
will be expected to operate. 

It will be proper for your excellency to keep up a corre- 
spondence with general Harrison. This is rendei'cd the more 
necessary, as the several requisitions which have been made by 
liim for volunteers and militia have not been accurately re- 
ported to the war office; and it is possible he may find it ad- 
viseable to discharge a part of your force before they reach 
the frontier. 



In the pi-esent critical period of the campaig-n, it seems ad- 
viscal^le to submit all further anaug'cments to ft-encral Hai- 
risou, under the insuuctions he has received from the piesi- 
deiit through the secretary of wa}-. 

With pei'fect lespect, I have the honour to be, your excel- 
lency's most obedient humble servant, 

Danl. PATiKER, C. C. War Deportment 

Ilis Excellency Gov. Isaac Shelby. Gov. Ky. 

Sparks to Harrison 

Lawrenceburgh 27th Sept. 1813 

Har. Pa. 4-^4, 4-^5 


Sometime ago you done me the honor to put under cover to 
me, a commission from the President, appointing to tlie office 
of an attorney for the U. States, in this Territory of Indiana. 
You and he vill receive my ardent thanks, unmixed with base 
flattery. I never sought but one appointment (to the late 
vacancy in our Judiciary) from the General Government, in 
which I was disappointed; to the surprise and astonishment 
of a large portion of the citizens here; and wherefore it is 
difhcult to account, as few applicants could expect a stronger 
recommendation, than was forwarded in my behalf. But as 
I was not influenced by motives neither popular nor lucrative 
(motives which never shall entirely regulate my conduct, in 
any pursuit, unless I degenerate in sentiment) my mortifica- 
tion under the disappointment was neither deep nor lasting. 
I am bound to believe, that my chief Llagistrate, acts for tlie 
supposed best. Under the government I wish never to be a 
Senicure (we have too many such in the Territory already) 
tiierefore it is not my desire to hold the present ofilce, merely 
for the names-sake. The duties thereof I must aim conscien- 
ciously to observe and discharge. This I cannot do unless 
those duties ai'e accurately mai'ked, and defined with pei'spe- 
cuity. The Law of Congress whence the appointmeiit eman- 
ates, does not contain any specification of obligation on the 

-Amongst genuine Pccpublicans, 1 believe it is not considered 
a o'ime, ntala 1)1 se, to confess ignorance where the means to 
(^l)tain information, have not been i-eceivcd. Then, 1 ]n-ofess 


to you, Sir, that I am at a loss to know, liow far the functions 
of an attorney for tlie U. States in this Territo}"y connect with 
the Judiciary establishment in the same, as filled by the U. S. 
judges. All crimes, as well as misdemeanors, both in the su- 
perior and inferior courts, throughout the Territory, are pros- 
ecuted in the name of, and carried on by and under the au- 
thority of the United States. Formerly the Governor, in vi]-- 
tue of the poAver, as vested in him by the ordinance, com- 
missioned an attorney General for the Territory, who ap- 
pointed his deputies in each county. At present, the Governor 
by the same power continues to appoint the attorney General 
whose duty, infer alia, is to prosecute in the General Court and 
the Governor also by Statute law, commissions a prosecutor 
in each county. I have entered upon the duties of my ap- 
pointment, so far as they are comprehended; but I wish to 
be guided by a more certain directoi', than conjecture. Does 
the appointment conferred upon me take from the Governor, 
the right exercised under the ordinance, to appoint an At- 
torney General for the Territory Or does it unite with the 
General Court so far only, as I hold Federal District powers? 

I have called on the governor for information supposing 
him to be a proper person, as he was in Congress at the pas- 
sage of the law, but he does not understand neither the object, 
nor extent of the appointment ! This may, at least palliate my 
ignorance. I\Iy dear Sir, deem me not troublesome, as I seek 
information, and write with great difficulty, having been con- 
fined for two weeks, by a pretty severe attack of the Fever. 

I will submit to your friendly consideration, whether or not 
I am entitled to receive the laws of the United States? If so, 
vrhere and how I am to obtain them? Here they can be had, 
only in detached Vols. If hereafter on any occasion you should 
require my services, please to command my attention. Doct. 
Edward Tiffen, of your city, has had with me a long ac- 

With my fervent orisons to the throne of God, for your 
health and prosperity, I am, Venerable sir, with sentiments of 
high regard, your Obt. Servt. 

Elijah Sparks 

38— 22G64 


A Proclamation 

By William Henry Harrison Major General in the army 
of the United States and commanding' in chief the 8th Military 

Detroit, Sept. 29, 1813 

Har. Pa. 185, 186 

The enemy having been driven from the Territory of Michi- 
gan and a part of the army under my command having taken 
possession of it, it becomes necessary that the civil govern- 
ment of the Territory should be reestablished and the former 
oflicers renew the exercise of their authority. I have there- 
fore thought proper to proclaim that all appointments and 
commissions which have been derived from British officers are 
at an end and that the citizens of the said Territory are re- 
stored to all the rights and privileges which they enjoyed 
previously to the capitulation made by General Hull on the 
16th of August 1812. Under the present circumstances and 
until the will of the government can be made known I have 
thought proper to direct that persons having civil offices in the 
territory of Michigan at the period of the capitulation of De- 
troit resume the exercise of the powers appertaining to their 
offices respectively. 

In the present dispersed state of its population many officers 
are doubtlessly absent. In all cases thus situated the last in- 
cumbent who resigned the offiice will resume the exercise of its 
duties, the laws in force at the period above mentioned will 
be reestablished and continue in force until repealed by the 
proper authority. Given at Head Quarters Detroit 29th day 
of September 1813. 

Signed William Henry Harrison 

By order of the General 

Signed John O'Fallon Aid de camp 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 88) 

Head Quarters Sandwitcii (Upper Canada) 

30th Septr. 1813 
Har. Pa. 1(U; 


The enemy having broken down the bridges over several 


uiifordable creeks between Amhurstburgh and this i^lace I was 
unable to reach it until yesterday. Genl. Procter had the night 
before left his encampment eight miles above pursuing the 
road on the margin of the Lake to the Thames. Having so 
much the start of me and having striped the country of 
Horses, which prevented me from procuring a sufficiency to 
mount even the general officers it was impossible to pursue 
him further with any hopes of success until we could be joined 
by Col. [R. M.] Johnsons Regiment of mounted infantry 
which was on its way from Fort IMeigs and which had the 
night before encamped at Brownstown. The Col. Arrived this 
day at Detroit and his Regt. is now crossing over. But as our 
boats are illy calculated to carry horses it is attended with 
much diihculty. I hope however that they will be all over 
early in the morning when we shall again take up the line 
of march. Genl. Procter has with him four hundred seventy 
five regulars of the 41 and Newfoundland Regiments sixty of 
the 10th Regiment of A^etrans 4b Dragoons and from six hun- 
dred to a thousand Indians, some deserters that left him the 
night before last give the latter as the number, the citizens 
of Detroit supposed the former to be correct. If he makes 
the contemplated st^nd on the river French he will be able 
to add several hundred militia to his force. My great appre- 
hension however arrises from a belief that he will make no 
halt. The Potawatimies and a Banditti of Winebagoes Fox 
Hurons and other northwestern Indians are at the River Rouge 
they remained in the vicinity of Detroit until the arrival of 
the army at this place and continued to plunder the inhabi- 
tants to the last moment indeed but for our opportune arrival, 
it is more than probable that there would have l^een a gene)*al 
massacre of the Inhabitants and burning of their houses. 

The Ottawas and Chippewas have withdrawn from the Brit- 
ish and have sent in three of their warriors to beg for peace 
promising to agree to any terms that I shall prescribe. I have 
agreed to receive them upon condition of their giving hostages 
for their fidelity and immediately joining us with all their war- 
riors. The Wyandots, ]\Iiamis and the band of Delawarcs 
which had joined the enemy are also desirous to be received 
upon the same terms. I shall enter into no engagement with 
them upon the subject of their lands but refer the whole to 
[he decision of the president, the projn-ioty of recei\'ing the 


Indians in the manner hero p)'oposcd appears to me to be £0 
obvious as to require no illustration. It was recommended 
to me by all the unanimous voice of all the General officers 
and by the urgent entreaties of the citizens of Detroit, whose 
safety cannot be ascertained without it. Tv/o thousand men 
placed at Detroit could not protect the scattered settlements 
from the depredations of the hostile Indians. The gleanings 
of the farms and of the corn fields would afford them support 
for months. I think it necessary however that some severe 
example should be made and every motive of justice and policy 
points at the Potawatimies as the Tribe which ought to be 
selected for the purpose. They are the most guilty and the 
most able on any further occasion to give trouble to the U. 
States. The celebrated Chief Main Pock is at the head of 
the hostile band on the Detroit side of the Streight. Tecumseh 
leads that which remains with the British. The inhabitants 
of Detroit who v/ere in daily communication with them, make 
the former from one thousand to twelve hundred their object 
in dividing their force was to make a night attack upon the 
part of the army which crossed over to Detroit or that Vvdiich 
remained on this side by a junction of their force some miles 

A detachment of the army and soine of the vessels of War 
will set out for the reduction of Macinac and St. Josephs in a 
few days. The occupancy of Chicago must be left for another 
season, the I\Iilitia have already become restless and desirous 
of returning home. They will go however v/ith cheerfulness 
as long as there is a prospect of overtaking the enemy but no 
human influence will keep them any longer. I shall have, 
after their departure and that of the 12 months volunteers, 
about twenty-five hundred regulars; these will be sufiicient for 
the reduction of Maccinac and for the safety of the country. 
But until the Indians are more completely under our control 
I do not think it would be proper to make any Detachment to 
reinforce the army belov/. 

I have the honor to be with great Respect Sir your IluJiibl, 

. ■. , WiLLiM. Henry Hakrison 

Honble. John Armstrong Esqr. Seciy of War 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
No. 89 

Head Quarters Near I\T0RAVIAN Town on the River 
French [Thames] 80 miles from DETROIT 5th Oct. 1813 

Har. Pa. 161-105 

Ott. . 
>3;iv . 

I have the honour to inform you that by the blessing of 
providence tln^ army under my command has this evening ob- 
tained a complete victory over the combined Indian and Brit- 
ish forces under the command of Genl. [Henry] Proctor. 

I believe that nearly the whole of the enemies Regulars 
are taken or killed amongst the former are all the superior 
officers excepting Genl. Procter. My mounted men are now 
in pursuit of him. 

Our loss is very trifling. The brave Col. R. M. Johnson 
is the only ofiicer whom I have heard of that is wounded. 
He badly but I hope not dangerously. []\Iortality in the dupli- 

I have the honor to be with great respect your obt. svt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
The Honble. JOHN Armstrong, SecreUiry at War 

(This was sent in duplicate, both copies arriving) 

Proctor to Harrison 

October 8th, 1813 

Niks' Register V, 312 


The Fortune of War having ])]aced the private property of 
the officei's and several Families of the Right Division of the 
British Army in Upper Cariada in youi' povrer, as also letters, 
Papers, and Vouchers of the greatest consequence to indi- 
viduals without being of any to the of the captors, I do 
myself the honor of applying to you in tneir behalf, hoping 
that agreably to custoin of War you will avail yourself of this 
favorable opi)ortu.nity to alleviate private Feelings by causing 
the said property and Documents to be restored. I must also 
intreat that every consideration in your power be shown for 
private families not of the ai-my. 1 trust that with the same 
view, you will i)enriit tlie Bearei' hereof to ascertain the fate 
of Individuals and lliat you you will facilitate the reii'eat of 


any Families tliai may have im fortunately been i]iten-uptod 
ii\ the attempt. 

1 have the honor to be, Sir, Your obedieiit and humble serv- 

(signed) Henry Proctor 
Maj. General in his Brittanic Majesty's Service 
Major Gen. Harrison 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 90) 

Head Quarters Detroit 9th October 1813 

Har. Pa. 168-1 SO 


In my letter from Sandwich of the 30th ultimo [see above] 
I did myself the honor to inform you that I was preparing to 
pursue the enemy the following day. From various causes 
liowever I was unable to put the troops in motion until the 
morning of the 2nd Instant and then to take with me only 
about one hundred and forty of the Regular Troops. [R. M.] 
Johnson's mounted Regiment and such of Gov. Shelby volun- 
teers as were fit for a rapid march the whole amounting to 
about three thousand five hundred men. To Genl. [Duncan] 
]\IcArthur (with aout seven hundred effectives) the protecting 
of this place and the sick was committed. Genl. [Lewis] 
Cass's Brigade and the Corps of Lt. Col. [James V.] Ball were 
left at Sandwich with orders to follow me as soon as the men 
received their knapsacks and blankets, v/hich had been left 
on an Island in Lake Erie. 

The unavoidable delay at Sandv/ich was attended v/ith n.o 
disadvantage to us. Genl. Proctor had posted himself at Dal- 
Kon's on the right bank of the Thames (or French) fifty six 
miles from this place where I was informed he intended to 
fortify and wait to receive me. He must have believed how- 
ever that I had no disposition to follow him or that he had 
secured my continuance here by the reports that were circu- 
lated that the Indians would attack and destroy the place upon 
the advance of tlie army. As he neglected to conmience the 
breaking up the bridges until the night of the second instant. 
On that night our army reached the river v/hich is twenty 
five miles from Sandwich and is one of four streams crossing 
our route, over all of which are bridges, and being deep and 


muddy ai'c unfordable for a considerable distance into the 
country, the bridge here was found entii'e and in the morn- 
ing I proceeded with Johnson's Ifegiment to save if possible 
the othei-s. At the second bridge over a branch of the River 
Thames we were fortunate enough to capture a Lieut, of Dra- 
goons and eleven privates who had been sent by Genl. Proctor 
to destroy them. From the prisoners I learned that the third 
bridge was broken up and that the enemy has no certain in- 
formation of our advance. The bridge having been imper- 
fectly destroyed, was soon repaired and the army encamped at 
Drake's farm four miles below Dalson's. 

The river Thames along the banks of which our route lay is 
a fine deep stream, navigable for vessels of considerable bur- 
then, after the passage of the bar at its mouth, over which 
there is six and a half feet water. 

The baggage of the army was brought from Detroit in boats 
protected by three gun boats, which Commodore Perry had 
furnished for the purpose as well as to cover the passage of 
the army over the Thames itself, or the mouths of its tributary 
streams ; the banks being low and the country generally open 
(Prairies) as high as Dalson's these vessels were well calcu- 
lated for that purpose. Above Dalson's however, the charac- 
ter of the river and adjacent country is considerably changed. 
The former, though still deep is very narrow and its banks 
high and woody. The Commodore [Perry] and myself there- 
fore agreed upon the propriety of leaving the boats under a 
guard of one hundred and fifty infantry and I determined to 
trust to fortune and the bravery of my troops to effect the 
passage of the river. Below a place called Chatham and four 
miles above Dalson's is the third unfordable branch of the 
Thames, the bridge over its mouth had been taken up by 
the Indians as well as that at McGregor's Mills one mile above. 
Several hundred of the Indians I'emained to dispute our pas- 
sage and upon the arrival of the advanced guard, commenced 
a heavy fire fi'om the opposite bank of the ci'eek as Vv-ell as 
that of the river. Believing that the whole force of the enemy 
was there I halted the army formed in order of battle and 
brought up our two six pounders to cover the party that were 
ordered to rc^pair the bridge. A few shot from those pieces 
soon drove off the Indians and enabled us in two hours to 
repair the bridge and cross the troops. Col. Johnson's 


mo,n,t«l .TS-i.nent being u„o„ tl,c right of tl,e armv luul .oized 

I K IiulL. ,. Oiii- loss „iK,„ tl,is occasion was two killed aiui 
U. -ee 0,- fcmr wounded. That of ll,e enenn- was a e rtai "' 
to be considerably greater. A l,ouse near tl e brid '; " onta in 
...8- a ver.. considerable nuniber of nn.skets bad b ;„ f on" 
At tl e fi'. st'T '""^■"'■■*"<' "■^' -"• I'-l- and (he arn vc" 

e..sels 01 fiie, loaded arms and ordnance .^t^res and 
learned that they were a few miles ahead of us s. | on hp 
nght bank of the river with the great bo ,0 In „ " '' 
Bowles's farm, four miles from tlie bridge we h-lto for ft 
...gW found two other vessels and a largc^di i He;! fi ,ed V 

names. It was impossible to put out the firc-lvo t--er.t^• 
four pounders with their carriages were taken a n d a 1 ! 
quantity of ball and .shells of va,4s sizes. Th ni™ wa , ul 
m motion early on the morning of the 5th I n h ,^ ' 

advancew,ththemountedregi„rentaiK;ie uest^ictL ,bv 
to follow as expeditiously as pcss.:ble with the Inf n'tr e 

uon, 11 was found too deep ior the Infantry. Haxino- hov 
ever fortimately taken t^■.•o other boats and som I, H „' 
fanoes on the spot and obliging tlie hor-emen (o it r 

rmiiL'tmihc' ''' "'""'° "■■^'°^' '^'''^' -o-d'VioV:.,o ;;; 

uTvXT ",'"'""S' "'" '"'"■''"' " I'ai'm "here a part of 

lie, ,.oops had encamped (he i,ie;l,t before u„ r the 

Proctor"h °/ ^°'- ,^:-*--'«"- ^'l- detachmeii „ Ge 
mil^s higher^r '''' '"'"" ''" '" ''"'"^"^"^ T'"™ ^-"■ 

Being now certainly near the enemv I directed the ■idv,,,-. 
Joliiisoii's Regiment to accellerate their marcl ,' " ,;. 

n a si oTT-"''"-'' '"^"''=™'«'- 'J'h>.' oliicer commanding 
lone '' '"'^ '" '"'■"'■'" '"" l''^>t li- i"-n.,-e,^s wa 

,l?r ''-^ '!«/■""">■ "-I"- «-e formed acro.s c^ur line 
mnuh. One 0/ (he enemy's waggoners beingahso taken pri n 


from the information received from him, and my own obser- 
vation, assisted by some of my ofliccrs I soon ascertained 
enoug^h of their position and order of battle to determine that 
which it was proper for me to adopt. 

I have the honour herewith to enclose you my general order 
of the 27 ultimo [not found] prescribing tlie order of March 
and of battle when the whole army sliould act together. But 
as the number and description of the troops had been essen- 
tially changed since the issuing of the order, it became nec- 
essary to make a corresponding alteration in their disposition. 
Erom the place VN-here our arniy was last halted, to the ]!\Iora- 
vian Towns, a distance of about three and a half miles, the 
road passes through a beech forest without any cleariiig and 
for the first two miles near to the bank of the River. At from 
two to three hundred yards from the river a swamp extends 
parallel to it, throughout the v/hole distance. The intermedi- 
ate ground is dry and although the trees are tolei'ably thick, 
it is in many places clear of underbrush. Across this strip 
of land its left appayed upon the river supported by artillery 
placed in tiie v.cod, their right in the sv.-anip covered by th.e 
whole of their Lidian force, the British Troops were drawn 
up. The troops at my disposal consisted of about one hun- 
dred and tv\-enty regulars of the 27th regiment, five brigades 
of Kentucky Volunteer ^Militia Infanti-y under his Excellency 
Gov. Shelby, averaging less than five hundred men and Col. 
Johnson's Regiment of ^Mounted Infantry making in the whole 
an aggregate something above three thousand. No disposi- 
tion of an army opposed to an Indian foj-ce can be safe unless 
it is secured on the flanks and in the rear. I had therefore 
no dilTiculty in arranging the Infantry conformably to my 
general order of battle. GerJ. [George] Trotter's brigade of 
five hundred men formed the front line, his right upon the 
road and his left upon the swamp Genl. [John Edward] King's 
brigade as a second line one hundred and fifty yards in the 
rear of Trotter's and [David] Chiles' brigade as a corps dc 
reserve in the rear of it these thi'ee brigades formed the coua- 
mand of r^Iajor Genl. [William] Henry, the whole of Genl. 
[Josei)h] Deshai's Division consisting of two brigades v^•ere 
formed oi potencc upon tlie left of Trotter. 

Whilst I was engaged in forming the Infantry I had directed 
Col. Johnson's Regiment which was still in front, to be formed 


in two lines opposite to the enemy and upon the advance of the 
Infantry to take ground to the left and forming upon that 
flank to endeavour to turn the right of the Indians. A mo- 
ments reflection however convinced me that from the thick- 
ness of the woods and swampiness of the ground, they would 
be unable to do anything on horseback and there was no time 
to dismount them and place their horses in security. I there- 
fore determined to I'efuse my left to the Indians and to break 
the British lines at once by a charge of the Mounted Infantry, 
the measure was not sanctioned by anything that I had seen or 
heard of but I was fully convinced that it would succeed. The 
American backwoodsmen ride better in the woods than any 
other people. A musket or rifle is no impediment to them 
being accustomed to carry them on horseback from their 
earliest youth. I was persuaded too that the enemy would be 
quite unprepared for the shock and that they could not resist 
it. Conformably to this idea I directed the regiment to be 
drawn up in close column with its right at the distance of 
fifty yards from the road, (that it might be in some measure 
protected by the trees from the artillery) its left upon the 
sv/amp and to charge at full speed as soon as the enemy de- 
livered their fire. The few regular troops of the 271h Regi- 
ment under their Col. [George] (Paul) occupied in column 
of sections of four, the small space betv/een the road and the 
river for the purpose of seizing the enemy's artilleiy and some 
ten or twelve fi'iendly Indians were directed to move undcr 
the bank. The Crotchet formed by the front line and (lenl. 
Desha's division was an important point. At that place, the 
venerable (lovernor of Kentucky was posted, who at Iho age 
of sixty-six preserves all the vigor of youth, the ai'dent /cal 
which distinguished him in the Revolutionary War and the 
undauiitcfi bravery which he manifested at King's I\Tountnin, 
with my aids de camj) the acting assistant adjutant General 
Cai)t. fRobeiil Rutlei' my gallant friend Commodoi-o Perry 
who (lid ]ne the honour to serve as my volunteer aid de camji 
ajid ilrigadier General Cass who having no command tendo'ed 
nio his assistance. I i)laced myself at the head of the front 
liiu' of lnfantr\-, to direct the movements of the Cavalry and 
gi\-(' them the necessary suppo)'t. The army had moved on in 
this oi'der Init a shoi-t distance, wh(^n the mounted men re- 
ceived th(,^ fii'c of the r.ritish line and were ordered to charge, 


the horses in the front of the cohnnn recoiled from the fire, 
another was given by the enemy and our cohimn at length 
getting in motion broke throug'h the enemy with irresistible 
force, in one minute the contest in front was over, the Brit- 
ish officers seeing no hopes of reducing their disordered ranks 
to order, and our mounted men v.'hceling upon them and poui"- 
ing in a destructive fire immediately surrendered, it is cer- 
tain that three oidy of our troops were wounded in this charge 
(upon the left however the contest was more severe with the 
Indians. Col, Johnson, who commanded on that flank of his 
regiment recei\'ed a most galling fire from them, which vras 
returned with great effect). The Indians still further to the 
right advanced and fell in with our front line of Infantry near 
its junction with Desha's division and for a moment made an 
impression upon it. His Excellency Gov. Shelby however 
brought up a regiment to its support and the enemy receiving 
a severe fire in front, and a part of Johnson's Regiment hav- 
ing gained their rear, retreated with precipitation their loss 
was very considerable in the action and many were killed in 
their retreat. 

I can give no satisfactory information of the number of 
Indians that vv'ere in the action but they must have Ijeen con- 
siderabl}^ upwards of one thousand. From the documents in 
my possession (Genl. Proctor's oflicial letters all of which were 
taken) and from the information of respectable inhabitants 
of this Territory the Indians kept in pay by the Britisli were 
much more numerous than has been generally supposed. In 
a letter to Genl. De. Rottenburg of the 27th Inst. Genl. Proctor 
speaks of ha^■ing prevailed upon most of the Indians to accom- 
pany him. Of these it is certain that fifty or sixty Wyandot 
Warriors abandoned him. 

A British officer of high rank, assured one of my Aids de 
Camp that on the day of our landing Gen. Proctor had at his 
disposal upwards of three thousand Indian \Varriors but as- 
serted that the greatest part had left him previous to the 

The number of our troops was certainly greater than that 
of the enemy but when it is recollected that they had chosen 
a position that effectually secured their flank which it was im- 
possible for us to turn and that we could not present to them 


a line more extended than their own it v/ill not be considered 
arrogant to claim for my troops the pahn of superior bravery. 

In communicating to the President through you Sir my 
opinion of the conduct of the officers who served under my 
command I am at a loss how to mention that of Gov. Shelby 
being convinced that no eulogium of mine can reach his merits. 
The Governor of an independent State greatly my superior in 
years, in experience and in military character he placed him- 
self under my command and is not more remarkable for his 
zeal and activity than for the promptitude and cheerfulness 
with which he obeyed my orders. The Major Generals Henry 
and Desha and the brigadiers [James] Allen, [Samuel] Cald- 
vrell. King, Chiles, and Trotter all of the Kentucky volunteers 
manifested great zeal and activity. Of. Gov. Shelby's staff his 
adjutant General Col. [Joseph] McDowell and his Quarter 
I\Iaster Genl. Col. [George] Walker rendered great service, 
as did his aids de camp Genl. [John] Adair and Majors [Wil- 
liam T.] Barry and [J, F.] Crittenden the military skill of the 
former was of great service to us and the activity of the two 
latter Gentlemen could not be surpassed. Illness deprived me 
of the talents of my adjutant General Col. [Edmund P.] 
Gaines who was left at Sandwich. His duties were however 
ably performed by the acting assistant adjutant general Capt. 
Butler. My aids de camp Lt. [John] 0' Fallon and Capt. 
[Charles Scott] Todd of the Line and my volunteer aids John 
Speed Smith and John Chambers Esq. have rendered me the 
most important services from the opening of the Campaign. 
I have already stated that Genl. Cass and Commodore Perry 
assisted me in forming the troops for action the former is an 
officer of the highest merit and the appearance of the bravo 
Commodore cheered and animated every breast. 

It would be useless Sir after stating the circumstances of 
the action to pass encommium upon Col. Johnson and his regi- 
ment. Veterans could not have manifested more firmness. 
The Colonel's numerous wounds prove that he was in the post 
of danger. Lt. Col. James Johnson and the i\Iajors [De Vail] 
Payne and [David] Thompson were equally active though 
more fortunate. ]\Iajor [E. D.] Wood of the Engineers al- 
ready distinguished by his conduct at Fort IMeigs attended 
the army with two six pounders. Having no use for them in 
the action, he joined in the pursuit of the enemy and. with 


Major Payne of the Mounted Regiment two of my aids do 
ramp Todd and Chambers and three privates continued it for 
r.evcral miles after the rest of the troops liad halted and made 
many prisoners. 

1 left the army before an official return of the prisoners 
or that of the killed and wounded was made out. It was how- 
ever ascertained that the former amounts to six hundred and 
one regulars including twenty-five officers. Our loss is seven 
killed and twenty two wounded five of wiiich have since died, 
of the British Troops twelve wore killed and twenty two 
wounded the Indians suffered most,' thirty three of them hav- 
ing been found upon the ground besides those killed in the 

On the day of the action, six pieces of brass artillery were 
taken, and two iron twenty four pounders the day before. 
Several others were discovered in the River and can be easily 
procured, of the Brass Pieces three are the trophies of our 
Revolutionary War, that were taken at Saratoga and York 
and surrendered by General Hull. The number of small arms 
taken by us and destroyed by the enemy must amount to up- 
wards of five thousands most of them had been ours and taken 
by the enemy at the surrender of Detroit, at the river Raisin 
and Colo. [William] Dudley's defeat. I believe that the enemy 
retain no other military trophy of their victories than the 
standard of the 4th Regiment. They were not magnanimous 
enough to bring that of the 41st Regiment into the field or it 
would have been taken. 

You have been informed Sir of the conduct of the Troops 
under my command in action it gives me great pleasure to in- 
form you that they merit also the approbation of their country 
for their conduct in submitting to the greatest privations with 
the utmost cheerfulness. The Infantry were entirely without 
tents and for several days the whole army subsisted upon 
fresh beef without bread or salt. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir your Humb. 

:; :a s:>Hv . i WiLLM. HENRY HARRISON 

Gen John Armstrong Sec. of War 

P. S. Genl. Proctor escaped by the fleetness of his horse es- 
corted by forty dragoons and a number of mounted Indians. 


Extract from the Deposition of Major Chambers 

Dawson, HarrisoTt, 4- -J 

During the whole pursuit, and indeed from the time I first 
joined General Harrison, he evinced in his whole conversation 
and conduct the most ardent disposition to push the campaign 
into the enemy's country, and to meet general Proctor in the 
field, at the same time that he evinced a devotion to his duties 
which I have never seen equalled in any station. 

John Chambers^ 
Extract from the Deposition of Colonel Todd 

■'-v ^ ;-.;." -.; . . ■■ ■^.. ,'^ ■■'■■, '~ ':Kv..: iS; *-: Dawson, Harriscni, i2i 

During the whole period that I had the pleasure to be asso- 
ciated with General Harrison, with various opportunities of 
observing his conduct and appreciating his motives, I do most 
unequivocally declare my conviction, that the unremitted zeal, 
the unshaken firmness, the spotless integi'ity, and the con- 
summate ability with which he conducted the north-western 
army to complete victory amidst innumerable difficulties, (cor- 
rectly estimated by those only who participated in them) se- 
cured my entire approbation, and give him just claims to the 
eternal gratitude of his country. 

:,.■.. . .. ; ;cv '' ^ .: ■; C. S. ToDD^ 

: ^ ~^: ■ •; Cass to Harrison 

Aug. 31, 1817 
Dawson, Harrison, ^23 

Upon the subject of the council which was held at Sand^v^ch 
I cannot speak with precision ; I think that for some cause I 
do not now recollect, I was not present at its deliberations. 
But I do recollect that at all the inten'iews I had with you, 
you were ardent and zealous for the pursuit of Proctor, nor 
did I ever hear that a doubt had been expressed by you upon 
that subject till long after the events themselves had passed 
av/ay. In the letter from govcmor Shelby to you which has 
been published, the governor has stated so correctly and dis- 

1. Aid de Camp of }Iarr!son at the battle. 

2. Colonel of the nth regrinient. These extracts arc printed here merely to indi- 
cate that these campaigns were all foupht over again and apain in ConKress.-[n the 
pres* and on the stump. 


tiiictly the propositions which were made for the pursuit of 
Proctor, that there is the less necessity for me to enter into 
a detail of them. The main body of the enemy's army had left 
Amhcrstburg: some days before we landed, and were under- 
stood to be upon the river French, If conducted with common 
prudence, it was my opinion then and it is my opinion yet 
that they might have moved with such celerity as to have ren- 
dered it impracticable for us to have overtaken them, A deep 
indentation of the lake some distance below Maiden would 
have brought us within a few miles of the road upon which 
Proctor retreated, and considerably advanced of the position 
where we overtook him. The propriety of pursuing him 
along the road he had taken, or of endeavouring to inter- 
cept him by the other route was the subject of conversation 
on our first arrival at Sandwich, But whenever I conversed 
with you, the latter route was mentioned as one which de- 
served examination rather than one upon v/hich any decided 
opinion had been formed. Upon a consideration of its un- 
certainty at that season of the year, it was soon abandoned. 
I was with you frequently, and conversed with you freely 
during our continuance at Sandwich, and am confident you 
never hesitated in your determination to pursue Proctor. So 
far as my feeble testimony can aid in removing erroneous im- 
pressions, which have injured you, it is given with pleasure. 
From the time I joined the army under your command its 
operations were conducted with as much celerity as possible, 
and so far as respects yourself, its fiscal concerns, I am con- 
fident, were managed with the most scrupulous integrity. 

[Lewis Cass] 

Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort, April 21, 1816 

Dawson, Harrison, 422 

Dear General, your letter of the 15th instant has been duly 
received in which you stated that a charge has been made 
against you, "that you were forced to pursue Proctor from my 
remonstrances," and that I had said to you, upon that occasion 
"that it was immaterial what direction you took, that I was 
resolved to pursue the enemy up the Thames": and you re- 


quest me to give you a statement of facts in relation to the 
council of war held at Sandwich. 

I will in the first place freely declare that no such language 
ever passed from me to you, and that I entertained throughout 
the campaign too high an opinion of your military talents to 
doubt for a moment your capacity to conduct the army to the 
best advantage. It is well recollected that the army arrived 
at Sandwich in the afternoon of the 29th of September, and 
that the next day was extremely wet. I was at your quarters 
in the evening of that day; we had a conversation relative to 
the pursuit of the enemy, and you requested me to see you 
early the next morning. I waited on you just after day break, 
found you up, apparently waiting for me; you led me into 
a small private room and on the way observed, 'We must not 
be heard.' You were as anxious to pursue Proctor as I was, 
but might not have been entirely satisfied as to the route. You 
observed that there were two ways by which he might be over- 
taken ; one was down the lake by water, to some post or point, 
of the name of which I am now not positive, thence to march 
across by land twelve miles to the road leading up the Thames, 
and intercept him. The other way, by land, up the strait, and 
up the Thames. I felt satisfied by a pursuit on land that he 
could be overhauled, and expressed that opinion with the rea- 
sons on which it was founded, and we readily agreed in senti- 
ment ; but you observed as there were tv/o routes by which he 
might be overtaken, to determine the one most proper was 
a measure of great responsibility, that you would take the 
opinion of the general officers as to the most practicable one, 
and you requested me to collect them in one hour at your quar- 
ters. I assembled them accordingly, to whom you stated your 
determination to pursue Proctor, and your object in calling 
them together; and after explaining the two routes by which 
he might be overtaken, you observed, 'that the governor 
thinks, and so do I, that the pursuit by land up the Thames 
will be most effectual.' The general officers were in favour 
of a pursuit by land; and in the course of that day colonel 
Johnson with his mounted regiment was able to cross over 
from the Detroit side to join in the chase. He might, how- 
ever, have been ordered the day before during the rain to cross 
over with his regiment, but of this I have not a distinct rec- 
ollection. The army I know was on its march by sunrise on 


the morning of the 2nd of October, and continued the pur- 
suit (often in a run) until the evening of the 5th, when the 
enemy was overtaken. During the vrhole of this long and 
arduous pursuit, no man could make greater exertions or use 
more vigilance than you did to overtake Proctor, whilst the 
skill and promptitude with which you arranged the troops for 
battle, and the distinguished zeal and bravery you evinced dur- 
ing its continuance, merited and received my highest approba- 

In short, sir, from the time I joined you to the moment of 
our separation, I believe that no commander ever did or could 
make greater exertions than you did to effect the great objects 
of the campaign. I admired your plans, and thought them 
executed with great energj-; particularly your order of bat- 
tle and arrangements for landing on the Canada shore vrere 
calculated to inspire every officer and man with a confidence 
that we could not be defeated by any thing like our own num- 

Until after I had served the campaign of 1813, I was not 
aware of the difficulties which you had to encounter as com- 
mander of the north-western army. I have since often said, 
and still do believe, that the duties assigned to you on that 
occasion w^ere more arduous and difficult to accomplish than 
any I had ever known confided to any commander; and with 
respect to the zeal and fidelity with which you executed that 
high and important trust, there are thousands in Kentucky, 
as well as myself, who believed it could not have been com- 
mitted to better hands. 

With sentiments of the most sincere regard and esteem, I 
have the honour to be, with great respect, your obedient sei'\'- 

Isaac Shelby 
Maj Gen Wm Harrison . . 

Perry TO Harrison -^m:&i^::i 

Newport, August 18, 1817 

Dawson, Harrison, 423 

I\lY Dear Sir, 

I have received your letter of the 11th ult. in which you re- 
quest me to reply to the following questions, viz, first, 
'Whether the statements made by governor Shelby in his let- 



tor to you of the 21st April, 1816, be substantially correct?' 
to Avhich I reply in the affirmative. Secondly, 'Whether you 
did ever, cither in the council held at Sandwich or in private 
conversation with me, evince anything like an indisposition 
to i)U]'sue the British army by one of the two routes which 
were under consideration?" to v.hich I answer in the negative. 
In a conversation which I held v\-ith you the morning prior to 
the assembling of the general council at Sandwich, you ap- 
peared particularly desirous of attempting to cut off the re- 
treat of the British army by the route from port Talbot. To 
your arguments in favour of this measure I opposed our lim- 
ited means of transportation, and the great difficulty and un- 
certainty of the lake navigation at that season of the year. 
These obstacles appeared to induce you to have recourse to the 
measure which was afterwards adopted. 

Although I have little or no pretensions to military knowl- 
edge as relates to an army, still I may be allowed to bear testi- 
mony to your zeal and activity in the pursuit of the British 
army under general Proctor, and to say, the prompt change 
made by you in the order of battle on discovering the position 
of the enemy always has appeared to me to have evinced a 
high degree of rnilitary talent. I concur most sincerely with 
the venerable governor Shelby in his general approbation of 
your conduct (as far as it came under my observation) in that 
campaign. With great regard, I am, my dear sir, your friend. 

0. H. Perry 
I\Iaj. Gen. W. H. Hareison 

Gibson to Secretary of State 

Jeffersonville Oct. 9th 1813 

Har. Pa. 446-^4 9 

Dear Sir : 

Presuming that some erroneous statements may have here- 
tofore been made to you, The Ilonble. Secretary of War, or His 
Excellency the President, respecting my conduct whilst acting 
Covemor of this Territory (Indiana) in the acceptance of cer- 
tain rangeing companies And in order to repel any malev- 
olent misrepresentations or insinuations that may hereafter 
be made against me upon that subject I now take the liberty of 
giving you a succinct detail of my conduct in regard to those 


Rangciiig companies and earnestly solicit your friendship in 
communicating the same to His excellency the President and 
Honblc. the Secretary of War. 

On the 20th of March lilt. I received a circular letter [see 
Feb. 27 above] from the Honblo. Jonathan Jennings, (the 
Delegate from Indiana in Congress) dated City of Washing- 
ton 27th February 1813 informing me that he had made ar- 
rangements with the Honble. Secretary of War for the raising 
of Four additional Companies of Rangers to consist of Five 
Commissioned ofTicers and One Hundred and one noncommis- 
sioned officers and privates to be stationed in the Territory 
for the protection of the Frontier, that the men were then to 
meet and elect their officers, and then make a tender of their 
services to the Governor or Secretary of the Territory, who 
should recommend the officers to His Excellency the Presi- 
dent, whereupon commissions would be forwarded from the 
war Department. A number of Mr. Jennings' circulars of 
the same tenor and date, were received by individuals at the 
time I received the one addressed to me and notwithstanding 
my conviction of the impropriety of acting officially upon the 
t29si dixit of even the Honble Jon. Jennings, I was importuned 
by offers of companies, pursuant to the circulars and the 
alarming cricis in which the territory was placed by savage 
depredations and menaces ; induced me to act under the letter. 
The result has however proved that a contrary determination 
in me, would not only have been adviseable but prudent. My 
determination to act being avowed, Lieut. Craven Payton then 
of one of the old Companies of U. S. Rangers tendered him- 
self, and proposed to raise a company either in the Territory 
or from Kentucky, From my personal knowledge of Mr. Pay- 
ton, information of the respectability of his connections and 
the warm recommendations of Colonel William Russell of the 
7th U. S. Regiment (under whom Mr. Peyton had served upon 
his and Governor Edward's excursion to Peoria) I accepted 
of his offer and directed him to repair to Kentucky, raise his 
company as immediately as possible (for I considered that 
being raised and brought from thence, they would be a great 
acquisition to our strength and phisical means of defence) 
and repair by the way of Jeffersonville to Velonia, from which 
latter place an Expedition was intended to be marched under 
command of Col. Russell against the Mississineway Indians. 


Thus I considered one of the four companies disposed of. 
About this time Capt. Pierre Andre tendered his services, was 
accepted and the officers recommended by me. Thus a second 
company was disposed of. 

A few days afterwards Capt. WilHam Hargrove tendered 
himself and company to me, and I accepted his offer and early 
in April he was ordered by me to report himself to Colonel 
Paissell. Thus I considered a third company disposed of. It 
may not be improper here to observe that oweing to a neglect 
in Capt. Hargrove's Muster Maker, his Muster Rolls did not 
come on to me, consequently I could not recommend his com- 
pany not knowing who they had elected as their oflicers. 

In the latter part of March or beginning of April Capt. 
[Williamson] Dunn (of Jefferson County) v/ent on to Vin- 
cennes with the muster roll of his company which I accepted 
and shortly after recommended the officers. Then and there was 
the four companies compleat. About this time Capt. [Patrick] 
Shields of Harrison County Capt. [James] Bigger of Clark, 
and Capt. [Frederick] Shoults of Franklin tendered them- 
selves (in person or by letter) and companies whom I sever- 
ally rejected, because I considered the four companies already 
accepted of. 

I will now remark as to Capt. Peyton and Hargrove, that 
they are athletic, courageous and enterprising men, men whose 
patriotism have always been held in the highest estimation 
and their companies have since the month of April last 
peformed very arduous and beneficial services in the protec- 
toin of our frontier. 

I have the honor to be Dr. Sir with sentiments of the high- 
est consideration and esteem Your obd. and very Humble 

Jno. Gibson 
Secry. of hidiana Territory 
The Honble James Monroe, Secretary of State of the U. S. 

Washington City 

P. S. His Excellency Gov. Posey has written fully to the 
Honble. The Secretary of War upon this subject. I beg leave 
to refer you to his letters for further particulars. J. G. 


Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 91) 

Head Quarters Detroit 10th Oct. 1813 

Har. Pa. lSl-18.', 


Previously to my leaving Sandwich with the army I had 
received a deputation from the Tawas [Ottowas] and a few 
Chippewas who had abandoned the British soliciting forgive- 
ness and desiring to know upon what terms they could be 
again taken under the protection of the U. States. I returned 
for answer that the final decision of their fate rested with the 
Government that I could only suspend hostilities against them 
which would be done upon the condition of their bringing in 
their v/ives and children as hostages and immediately joining 
their arms to ours. This proposition was readily agreed to 
but as the arrangement could not be made before the march of 
the army I directed Genl. IMcAilhur to attend to it. Accord- 
ingly after my departui-e, the Chiefs came in attended by 
those of the IMiami Tribe and some Potawatimies all of whom 
requested to be allowed the same terms. They are now en- 
camped about three miles from this Town with their families. 
A few miles further are the band of Potawatimies headed by 
IMarpock, the most inveterate of our enemies. From him also 
some feint propositions have been made to Genl. McArthur 
but I am convinced with no other view then to wait the issue 
of the contest upon the river Thames. I informed you some- 
time ago that the Wyandot chief Walk-in-the- Water informed 
me that he had prepared his warriors to join me upon my 
arrival here, I believe he did separate himself from the Hos- 
tile party upon our landing and was in the neighborhood of 
Sandwich upon our arrival there but he fell back upon the 
Thames probably fearful offallinginwith our mounted militia. 
Upon my advance up the Thames he sent a flag to me to know 
my pleasure. I directed him to remove with his women and 
children up the creek upon which he was then encamped and 
remain there. He did so and I expect him today. I am very 
much at a loss to know what to do with these people. There 
are many considerations of policy which urge the pardoning 
of the small tribe of Tawas and such of the Wyandots as have 
acted with the British ; they have also some claims upon our 
humanity as they certainly saved the inhabitants of this ter- 


ritory from a general masscre. The citizens are very desi- 
rous of having them spared under the full conviction that their 
safety will be better ascertained by that means than by any 
other that could be adopted. 

The Miamios and Potawatimies deserve no mercy, they were 
the tribes most favored by us. They have been (the latter 
particularly) our most cruel and inveterate enemies. Under 
present circumstances however it would be proper to grant 
them an armistice in order to get them to their own grounds 
where they will be perfectly in our power. Genl. McArthur 
has pledged himself too far with them to authorize me to 
strike them without some new provocation, this they will take 
care not to give. Indeed I believe that the Indian War may 
be terminated with a little management without any further 
bloodshed and the terms of peace dictated by the U. States un- 
less we suffer the British again to get footing in our Territory. 
I should be thankful for instructions from the government on 
this subject and the course of conduct to be pursued with the 
Indians as soon as possible. 

In granting them an armistice I was governed by the 
following considerations— Should we press upon them with- 
out destroying them, they will join the British army on Lake 
Ontario. Although the possession of this country v/ill cut off 
the communication between the Indians of the Wabash, Illi- 
nois, Huron and St. Joseph Rivers until we are in possession 
of l\Iontreal, the northern Indians will be entirely independ- 
ent of us. 

Arrangements have been made by Commodore Perry and 
myself to send a detachment of troops in some of his vessels 
immediately to !\Iacinac for the reduction of that post and St. 
Josephs. It will sail from here I hope the day after tomorrow. 
The assistance or neutrality of the Chippewas and Tawas 
would greatly facilitate the reduction of these posts. I see 
by the late papers that there is a great danger of a general 
defection of the southern Indians. There is a constant and 
regular communication between them and the hostile tribes in 
this quarter the former will soon be informed of the extremity 
to which the Indians here have been reduced by listening to 
the insidious councils of the British and it may have the effect 
of preventing the defection of such of the southern tribes as 
have not yet taken up the Tomahawk against us. 


I have the honor to enclose you a proclamation which I 
issued upon my first arrival here. The superior offic(n-s of 
the Territory are nuich wanted. I shall take upon myself to 
arm and organize the militia for their temporaiy defence. 

Gen. Proctor had placed the upper district of U. Canada 
under martial law some days before our landing so far as to 
seize and send off suspected persons and to take from the 
farmers the necessary subsistance for his troops. I shall con- 
tinue the government upon the same footing until I receive 
the directions of the President. The Kentucky volunteers 
turned out only to effect the conquest of this district they will 
immediately return home. 

The public buildings of every description at Maiden were 
burned, as were the barracks and magazines in the fort at this 
place. Is it the intention of the government to have the fort 
at Maiden repaired or shall a new one be built on the Island 
of Bois Blanc which is opposite to Maiden on our side of the 

I have the honor to enclose you a copy of a [Proclamation] 
[see Sept. 29 above] 

;^ - William Henry Harrison 

Harrison to Meigs 
Head-quarters, Detroit, Oct. 11, 1813 

Niles* Register V, 186 

Dear Governor : 

You will have heard before this reaches you that I was 
fortunate enough to overtake general Proctor, and his tawny 
allies, and to give them a complete drubbing. I have six hun- 
dred and one prisoners of the British regulars, officers in- 
cluded, among which there are two colonels. 

Nothing but infatuation could have governed genl. Proctor's 
conduct. The day that I landed below Maiden he had at his 
disposal upwards of 3,000 Indian warriors; his regular force, 
reinforced by the militia of the district, would have made his 
numbers nearly equal to my aggregate ; which, on the day of 
landing, did not exceed 4500. The papers have greatly exag- 
gerated the number of militia from Kentucky; those which 
embarked with me at Portage, did not amount to three thou- 
sand rank and file, and several hundred of them were left in 
the islands. 


The Indians were extremely desirous of fighting us at 
Maiden. I enclose you Tecumseh's speech to Proctor; [Sept. 
18 above] it is at once an evidence of the talents of the former, 
and the great defect of them in the latter. His inferior offi- 
cers say that his conduct has been a continued series of blun- 
ders. He manifested, indeed, some judgement in the choice of 
his field of battle, as he was so posted that I could not turn 
him, and could only oppose a line of equal extent to his. How- 
ever, the contest was not for a moment doubtful. The greater 
part of his Indians were in the air (according to the Persian 
military phraseology) and his regulars broken and were made 
prisoners by a single charge of mounted infantry. We took 
up on the ground, or near it, a fine brass field train of artil- 
lery, Several of the pieces are the trophies of the revolution, 
taken at Saratoga and York, and surrendered by gen. Hull. 
The number of small arms and military stores taken by us or 
destroyed by the enemy is immense. My force in the action, 
of all descriptions, was short of 2500. 

I am preparing an expedition to Michilimackinac, and an- 
other to Long Point, to destroy at the latter a depot of pro- 

I shall send orders to general [John S.] Gano, by this con- 
veyance. It is probable that the greater part of his troops 
may be dismissed in a short time. The Indians in this neigh- 
borhood, are submitting at discretion. ., ;^ 

I am your friend. 

; ; ..,., Wm. H. Harrison 

To Governor Meigs 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 93.) 

Head Quarters Detroit 11th Oct. 1813 

Har. Pa. 192 


Upon submitting my official letter to you of the 9th [see 
above] to Gov. Shelby, he has convinced me that I have greatly 
overrated our force in the action of the 5th and that it fell 
short of two thousand five hundred of every description. 

It is also proper to observe that as soon as the Regiment 
(Col. [James] Simrals) which was brought up by the Cover- 


nor to reinforce the left line arrived the Indians gave up the 
contest. •": U :'^ 

I have omitted to mention the name of Capt. [Angus S.] 
Langham, Brigade Major to Genl. Cass as one of seven or 
eight who pursued the enemy for several miles after the rest 
of the troops had halted. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir Your Humble 

bervt. WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

Honble. John Armstrong Secy, of War ^^ ^ 

Armistice WITH Indians 

Detroit Oct. 14, 1813 

Hot. Pa. 206, 207 

Terms of an Armistice entered into between William 
Henry Harrison Major General in the service of the United 
States and the Tribes of Indians called the Miamis, Potawa- 
TOMIES, Wyandots, Weas, Eel River Miamies, Ottaways, 
and Chippeways 

Article 1st. There shall be a suspension of hostilities between 
the United States and said Tribes from this day 
until the pleasure of the Government of the 
former shall be known. In the mean time the 
said Tribes may retire to their usual hunting 
grounds and there remain unmolested provided 
they behave themselves peacebly. 
Article 2nd. In the event of any murder or other depredation, 
being committed upon any of the citizens of the 
United States by any of the other Tribes of In- 
dians, those who are parties to these presents, 
shall immediately unite their efforts to punish the 
Article 3rd. Hostages shall be given by said Tribes who shall 
be sent into the Settlements and there remain, 
until the termination of all the differences with 
the United States and said Tribes by a Council 
to be held for that purpose. 
Article 4th. All the prisoners in the possession of said Tribes, 
shall be immediately brought to Fort Wayne or 
some other post, and delivered to the Command- 
ing officer. 



Done at Detroit this 14th day of October 1813 and of the 
Independence of the United States the thirty eighth. 

In testimony whereof the said Major General and the Chiefs 
representing said Tribes here present, set their hands and 
affix their seals. 

Wm. Henry Harrison 


Lewis Cass, Brig. Gen. Army U.S... m 
Wm. p. Anderson Col. 24th Reg. Inft. '3 

John Miller Col. 19 Reg. Inft '^ 

E. P. Gaines Adjt. General & 

D. Trimble A.D. Camp to the Major -g 
General ^ 

R. D, Richardson D. Com of Ord- 
nance -2 

B. P. Stickney Indian Agent i 

Robert Abbott French Interpreter . . ^ 
William Conner, Delatvare Interpreter 


Tobinibee his X mark 
Magonago his X mark 
Wagishgomet his X mark 
< Lamanpoch his X mark 
Onocksa his X mark 



Pocanna his X mark 
Osage his X mark 
WoNKEMA his X mark 

Retonga his X mark or Charley 
Chief of the Eel River Miamis 

Bts. Chandonnae, Potawatomie 

DircHOUQurr, Shatvnee Interpreter. . . 

Louis Beaufait, Taway & Chipeway 

1 Newa Shosa or Stone Eater his X 

Papahongua or Lapousur his X mark 

i ^ fCHAWKAWBE his X mark 
John Walker, Wyandot Interpreter. . 2s|Shecoha his X mark 

^"^[Jean Bst. Rchville his X mark 

a true copy C. S. 
de Camp. 

Todd Extra Aid 


09 ' 


Mash ke man his X mark 

Tone had Gone or the dog his Xmark 

Otish Quoi Gonaim his X mark 

O Tapon his X mark 

Apagona his X mark 

O Co NonGowsy his X mark 

Waitaishoo Na Wa his X mark 

Awasho Qui Juk his X mark 

Kit TWA wiOTUM his X mark 

Kow BE Miscobeo his X mark 

Wa-gaw his X mark 

Pash-kiesh quash ROM his X mark 

O Gu-Bonawke his X mark 

PoN-Ti-ACK queen of the Tawas and 

Ottoways her X mark 
Kenobamia or otter his X mark 


• f?;*?/'^ :' X;i>' Chepe or (?) his X mark 
• 7: .■• . V -.; , PoMA GwAMO OF Thundeu his X mark 

50 i'Mayar or Walk in the Water his 
o X mark 

g < R08URAHOR or Armewas his X mark 
(^iTahhon of HOATA his X mark 
[Orory miah his X mark 

-^ ~ A Proclamation - ^ • 

#;^k^ Detroit Oct. 16, 1813 

; .• • ' ■ NUes' Register, V, 215 

An Armistice [see above, Oct. 14] having been concluded 
between the United States and the tribes of Indians called 
Miamies, Potawatamies, Eel river Miamies, Weas, Ottoways, 
Chippeways, and Wyandots, to continue until the pleasure of 
the government of the former shall be known; I do hereby 
make known the same to all whom it may concern. The ar- 
mistice is preparatory to a general council, to be held with 
these different tribes; and, until its termination, they have 
been permitted to retire to their hunting-grounds, and there 
to remain unmolested, if they behave themselves peaceably. 
They have surrendered into our hands hostages from each 
tribe; and have agreed immediately to restore all our prison- 
ers in their possession, and unite with us in the chastisement 
of any Indians who may commit any aggression upon our 
frontiers. Under these circumstances, I exhort all citizens 
living upon the frontiers to respect the terms of said armis- 
tice, and neither to .engage in nor countenance any expedition 
against their person or property ; leaving to the government, 
with whom the constitution has left it, to pursue such course, 
with respect to the Indians as they may think most compati- 
ble with sound policy and the best interests of the country. 

Wm. H. Harrison 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 94.) 

-i , . Head Quarters Detroit 16th October 1813 

Har. Pa. 193-195 


A detachment of the army under the command of Brig. 
Genl. [Duncan] McArthur has been for some days waiting at 
this place, for the necessary provisions to proceed to Lake 


Michigan. I am sorry to inform you however that from the 
effects of a violent storm there is now no prospect of accom- 
plishing that desirable object the reduction of Michillimack- 
inac this season. It is with the greatest regret I inform you 
that it is almost reduced to a certainty that two of our schoon- 
ers have been lost on Lake Erie the "Chippewa" and "Ohio" 
the former loaded with the baggage of the Troops from Bass 
Island, the latter with flour and salt provisions from Cleve- 
land. Our whole stock of the latter on hand at this place is 
forty barrels nor is there a possibility of obtaining a supply 
for a considerable time as the "Ohio" contained nearly the 
whole of the contractors stock of that article. Upon a con- 
sultation with the two Brigadiers and Commodore Perry and 
Capt. [Jesse D.] Elliott, it was unanimously determined that 
the season is too far advanced to attempt an expedition to 
Maccinac if it were not commenced in two or three days and 
there was no hope of thQ supplies being obtained in that time. 

It is generally believed here that Genl. Proctor dispatched 
an order to the Commanding officer at Macinac to destroy the 
post and retreat by the way of Grand River at any rate it is 
not a matter of much importance to have that place in our 
possession during the winter, cut off as it is from a communi- 
cation with the rest of the world. 

I have the honor to enclose you a copy of the terms of an 
armistice [see Oct. 14 above] concluded with seven of the late 
hostile Tribes of Indians. I have no doubt of the sincerity of 
their repentance excepting perhaps the celebrated Main Poke 
and of him I judge only from the former inveteracy of his 
hate. I have promised the Tribes, that remained faithful to 
us that their annuities shall be sent them ; they deserve them 
and I am obliged also to promise the late Hostile Tribes that 
they shall receive occasional supplies of provisions. Unless 
this is done they must plunder the inhabitants which will 
again produce hostilities. 

I have received no instructions from the war office for sev- 
eral months and I am much at a loss to know what is expected 
from me. 

I have the Honour to be with great respect Sir 
Yr. Humb. Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

Honble. John Armstrong Secy, of War 


P. S. The late storm has deprived us of a great deal of val- 
uable property taken from the enemy. A small schooner laded 
with camp equipage ordnance and ordnance stores and several 
boats were abandoned by them and I fear that very few of 
the articles will be recovered but all the artillery taken in the 
field is safe. I greatly fear too some of the prisoners may 
have escaped, they were under a militia guard and were scat- 
tered for several miles as I am informed. However I believe 
that we shall be able to muster six hundred exclusively of the 
officers. _ W. H. H. 

A Proclamation 

Sandwich Oct 17, 1813 

Niles' Register V, 215 

Whereas, by the combined operations of the land and naval 
forces under our command, those of the enemy within the 
upper district of Upper Canada have been captured or de- 
stroyed, and the said district is now in the quiet possession of 
our troops; it becomes necessary to provide for its govern- 
ment: Therefore, we do hereby proclaim and make known, 
that the rights and privileges of the inhabitants^ and the laws 
and customs of the country, as they existed or were in force 
at the period of our arrival, shall continue to prevail. All 
magistrates and other civil officers are to resume the exercise 
of their functions; previously taking oath to be faithful to 
the government of the United States, as long as they shall be 
in possession of the country. The authority of all militia 
commissions is suspended, in said district and the officers re- 
quired to give their parols, in such way as the officer, who may 
be appointed by the commanding general to administer the 
government^ shall direct. 

The inhabitants of said district are promised protection to 
their persons and property, with the exception of those cases 
embraced by the proclamation of general Proctor, of the [?] 
ult. which is declared to be in force, and the powers, therein 
assumed transferred to the officer appointed to administer the 

' ' ^ Wm. H. Harrison 

Oliver H. Perry 


. Harrison to Secretary op War 

No. 95 

.,,.«,:: Head Quarters Detroit Oct. 17th 1813 

■■'^- -'-; •^•. v.--: - : .-^: Har. Pa. 197-20U 


Among the papers which were taken on the 5th Inst, [illegi- 
ble] to the [illegible] is a letter from Edward Bayne (adju- 
tant genl. to Sir George Provost) to Major GenL Proctor a 
copy of which I have the honor to inclose to your address. 
I have the honor to be with great respect . 

Sir your Humble Servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 

~ Head Quarters Kingston 18th Sept. 1813 

In the letter which I had the honor of addressing you on 
the 16th Inst. I informed you that I had by order of the com- 
mander of the Forces, on that day announced to Major Genl. 
De Rottenburg that considerations of a publick nature would 
induce his Excellency to remove his Head Quarters to Mon- 
treal about the middle of this month. 

I was at the same time instructed to acquaint the Major 
Genl. Commanding that his Excellency confided in his judg- 
ment and discretion to determine how far it would be prudent 
to continue to contend against the increasing evils and diffi- 
culties with which the centre and Right Divisions have to 
struggle. This important decision must in a great measure 
depend on the issue of impending events of the campaign 
which cannot be much longer procrastinated. It is very much 
to be regreted that a decisive action between the two squad- 
rons on the Lake Ontario has been so long delayed, and has 
unavoidably entailed upon the army a corresponding state of 
inaction and in a great degree involved it in the very critical 
state in which it is now placed. As on the issue of that all 
important event the ulterior operations of the army campaign 
have been necessarily suspended, for offensive military opera- 
tions presented little prospect of being prosecuted with suc- 
cess without the aid and cooperation and more particularly 
the protection to be derived from a superior maratime force. 
At the same time it would have been highly impolitic to have 
anticipated the failure of that support and by adopting meas- 
ures of precaution to have relinquished one foot of the ground 
on which we so proudly stand. Such a measure would have 


lost us all our wavering friends and would have proved dis- 
tructive to our Indian alliance. 

The superior resources of the enemy have indeed enabled 
him to render our situation critical and difficult but it still 
does not yet amount to that point as to render a retrograde 
movement indispensible and untill that is the case it should 
be avoided by every possible exertion and devise. 

Should however such a measure become unfortunately un- 
avoidable, it is his Excellency's express Commands that it be 
not resorted to untill its necessity and the mode of carrying it 
into effect has been previously well weighed and considered 
and all necessary arrangements made. That under every cir- 
cumstance it be conducted with order and regularity. His 
Excellency trusts that the Advanced divisions of the army are 
not incumbered with heavy or superfluous baggage. No con- 
siderations of that nature is to be suffered to impede the 
march of the troops for one single moment. The removal of 
all sick and convalesents must be previously provided for. 
Every position which the country affords is to be occupied 
and defended so that the enemy be made to pay dearly for 
every step he advances. All retrograde movements are to be 
resorted to with reluctance and they are to be as limited as 
the circumstances which cause them will admit and they are 
never to be hurried or accelerated unless warranted by cir- 
cumstances of peculiar urgency. 

Should your situation become desperate you are recom- 
mended to adopt a line of conduct suitable to the urgency of 
the case and as every thing must be sacraficed by a retrograde 
movement you will exaust every resource and means within 
your power before you resort to that measure. This policy 
particularly applies to the Marine Force and you will there- 
fore impress upon Capt. Barclay in whose zeal talents and 
determined Fortitude the commander of the Forces has the 
most firm reliance, that the squadron under his command, be- 
ing inevitably involved in the common fate of the Military 
Positions on Lake Erie, is to be devoted to their preservation, 
and if necessary, sacraficed to the last atom. Sooner than a 
vestage be left to swell the pride of an arrogant Foe and you 
will be careful on your part, that nothing that can be in any 
way useful to the Enemy, be suffered to fall into his hands. 
His Excellency looks with confidence to your exertions that 


every injury and annoyance which it is possible for the com- 
bined discipline and Gallantry of the Forces under your Com- 
mand to perform will be called forth to cripple and repulse 
the enemy. 

His Excellency is particularly solicitous, that the relative 
dependence and mutual support that exists between the Cen- 
tre and right divisions may never be lost sight of. He rec- 
ommends that every attention and exertion be made to keep 
the communication open both by land and water and that a 
perfect understanding prevail, of the relative state, plans and 
occurrances of each division in as far as they may influence 
the operations of the other exist. With this view his Excel- 
lency has been pleased to sanction Major Genl. DeRothenburg 
opening any publick dispatch to his address from you under 
circumstances of Emergency that you may not be able to re- 
port officially seperately to the Major Genl. in order that your 
wants may meet with prompt relief when circumstances admit 
of his affording it to you. 

Commodore Sir James Yeo returned here on Thursday last. 
His third Cruise I regret to say has notbeen marked with any ad- 
vantage whatever on our part. A great deal of maneuvering 
attended with distant cannonading in which the Enemy being- 
favoured by the wind had probably the advantage. Four of 
our men were killed and I believe about the same number 
wounded. The commander sails again this evening with the 
Squadron and will afford convoy to all the small vessels with 
stores. If it is deemed elegible a proposed attack will be made 
on the Enemy's position at Fort George previous to Major 
General DeRothenburg getting that occupied by his division, 
which from the local defect it is exposed to, and the very har- 
rasing duties intailed upon the Troops has introduces among 
them, disease and desertion to a very great degree. 

I envelop a letter which I have received from Major Mc- 
Pherson commanding the 10th Royal Veterans Battalion, and 
you are requested to make the best arrangements, and afford 
such relief as is in your power. 

I have the Honor to be Sir, Your Most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

Edward Baynes, Adgt General 
Major Genl. Proctor, Com'd the Right Division 
A True Copy. D. Trimble A. DeC amp .- ;:;..-';=.. ih; 


General Orders 

Montreal, October 18th, 1813. 

Historical Register II, 605 

The commander of the forces has the deepest regret in an- 
nouncing to the army, that lieutenant ReifFenstein, a staff- 
adjutant, arrived yesterday, and is the bearer of the following 
unpleasant intelligence. That major-general Proctor having 
sustained, by the unfortunate capture of the squadron on Lake 
Erie, the loss of a very considerable portion of his military 
force, which was serving on board that fleet, as well as the 
principal heavy ordinance necessary for the defence of his mil- 
itary positions, commenced his retreat from the fort of Sand- 
wich on the 24th September, having previously dismantled the 
posts of Amherstburg and Detroit, and burned and destroyed 
every public building and stores of every description. 

The retreating regular force consisting of a small detach- 
ment of royal artillery, a troop of provincial dragoons, and 
the remains of the 41st regiment, in all about 450 rank and 
file — which was accompanied by a body of Indian warriors 
from 1000 to 1500. 

The enemy's fleet and army appeared off Amherstburg on 
the 26th September, and landed on the following day, but soon 
re-embarked their troops and proceeded by Lake St. Clair, to 
the mouth of the Thames river. The American army was 
again landed, and accompanied by gun-boats, followed the 
route .of major-general Proctor's corps, which having been 
much retarded by the slow progress of loaded batteaux, they 
were enabled to come up with the rear guard and loaded boats 
on the 3d instant, and succeeded in capturing the whole. Ma- 
jor-general Proctor being thus deprived of the means of sup- 
porting his little army, was under the necessity of awaiting 
the enemy's attack; which took place at 4 o'clock on the eve- 
ning of the 5th instant, near the Moravian village. 

A six-pounder on the flank was, by some unpardonable neg- 
lect, left destitute of ammunition, and the enemy, availing 
himself of this unfortunate circumstance, pressed upon that 
part of the line, which, wanting the support of artillery, was 
forced by the superior numbers of the enemy. Major-general 
Proctor exerted himself to rally the troops, who being ex- 
hausted with fatigue, not having received any provisions the 



preceding day, were unable to make adequate exertions to re- 
sist the superior numbers by which they were assailed. 

The safety of major-general Proctor, the officers of his per- 
sonal staff, and some few others, together with about 50 men 
has only as yet been ascertained. The Indian warriors re- 
treated towards Mackedash. 

The enemy's forces employed on this service is estimated 
from 10 to 12,000 strong, including troops of every descrip- 
tion. , . . 

' ■"". '.Edward Baynes, A(Zy. Gen. 


Detroit Oct 19, 1813 

Hot. Pa. 208-210 

To his Excellency Brigader General Lewis Cass commanding 
the United States Troops, at Detroit. 

The Petition of the citizens of the United States, of the 

District of Erie and Territory of Michigan 

May it Please Your Excellency 

The distressed farmers and settlers of the river Raisin, cit- 
izens of the United States, who have been drove from their 
homes since the month of January last, by the ferocious sav- 
ages under the influence and direction of the British Govern- 
ment, and of whom a list accompanies the present, have ap- 
pointed the subscribers a committee to represent to you their 
services and present disastrous situation, in full confidence 
from your Excellency's known philanthrophy, that you will 
take their peculiar case into your excellency's paternal con- 

A short time before accounts of the declaration of war, with 
England reached this country, the citizens of Erie were called 
upon, by the local Government for a draft from the Militia 
for one company to be put into actual service ; but the partiot- 
ism of this section of the country all volunteered their services 
to the General Government, to a man, and they proceeded to 
elect their own officers and organized the required quota; (in- 
dependent of the Volunteers v/ho joined the cavalry under the 
command of Capt. Richard Smith of Detroit, and were posted 
at the river Raisin as a detachment to protect the settlement 
and escort the mails to Detroit — most hazardous seiTices) . 


Shortly after, owing to the egregious misconduct of Gen. 
Hull the savages joined the British, who excited them against 
that exposed section of the Territory, in consequence of which, 
the whole were called into service, and did actual duty in the 
Fort at the River Raisin, and in patroling parties in the vi- 
cinity, until accounts were received of the infamous capitula- 
tion at Detroit, by a British flag of truce, followed up by a 
band of savages, who generally plundered their private prop- 
erty, stole or wantonly destroyed their cattle and horses, in 
a most cruel manner ; which was arrested only by the arrival 
of a detachment of the United States troops under the com- 
mand of that brave veteran. Col. [William] Lewis who was 
immediately joined by a number of our Raisin citizens, aiding 
in the first victory, several of v/hom were afterwards slain in 
the last battle v/here a scene the most shocking to humanity, 
impossible to be pourtrayed by us, was perpetrated on the un- 
fortunate prisoners of war who had surrendered on the word 
of General Proctor that they would be protected from the sav- 
ages — but, where in the dwelling houses of Messrs. [Hubert] 
LaCroix, [George] McDougall, [Gabriel] Godfroy, and [Jean 
Baptiste] Conture (where the United States Detachment had 
intrenched themselves) they were cruelly mangled, and 
thrown alive in those buildings, which were purposely set on 
fire to conflagrate the unfortunate wounded. Others being 
left in the vicinity exposed on the roads to be eat up by the 
Hogs and Dogs ! ! ! — and not alloived to be interred — and where 
their bones have lain exposed until lately, when through the 
auspicious bravery of the United States forces our appressors 
have been taken, or driven out of the country and the savages 
compelled to implore the clemency of the General Government. 
We beg leave to be excused for this painful digi'ession, to re- 
turn to the forlorn state of the settlement. The Indians, being 
irritated at the inhabitants for the active part they had taken 
against them, plundered and abused them afresh, several hav- 
ing made their escape towards the army at Fort Meigs and 
Sandusky, and the remainder driven from their homes to De- 
troit, where they have generally languished in poverty and 
distress, suffering, even here, every outrage from the savage 
barbarians. Deprived of all sustenance and famine staring 
them in the face, they confidently look up to their country for 
support, during the ensuing inclement season, inasmuch, as 


they have never been renumerated, and have sacrificed their 
all in her service; humbly trusting that your Excellency will 
have compassion on their indigent state, and grant them im- 
mediate support, by a supply of provisions and ammunition 
and that your Excellency would be pleased to make a repre- 
sentation of their deplorable state to the President, and Con- 
gi'ess of the United States, to grant them such relief in the 
premises as their wisdom may deem meet and as in duty 
bound the settlement of Erie will ever pray. 

_. John Anderson 

J^^;^'''-^-^";H'^--M^:;y'---- :"■_;." '■^' Geo. McDougall 

■V'" v''^ -;. ^'"^'v^. '?;."-.;ii%.C ■■""''■ ■■ .,r/:,,; G. GODFROY 

A Copy C. A. Norton, Aid-de-Camp 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

Sackett's Harbour 20th October 1813 

Sjjj. ^ .--.'t ..^ '•: - ", .. ,, ^ Har. Pa. 91, 92 

The enemy's corps before fort George broke up their can- 
tonments on the 9th and marched rapidly for Burlington Bay 
which he reached on the 11th. By taking this route he may 
intend to reinforce Proctor on the French River or Kingston 
at the head of the St. Lawrence. He was apprised of the 
abandonment of Maiden on the 5th. 

We are perhaps too remote to profit by each others sugges- 
tions. But it does not appear to me that Sandwich is the 
point at which Proctor will stop, if you pursue him. From 
point aux Pins on lake Erie there is a good road to Chatham 
on the Thames. The Distance not more than twenty-four 
miles. Were this gained and travelled back to Sandwich the 
enemy's means of subsistence might be destroyed and himself 
compelled to surrender. But of the practicability of this you 
are the best judge. My opinion is suggested by the Map. 

The first Division of this army sailed two days ago — the 
2nd and the reserve follow today. 

Harrison to Secretary of War 
No. 96 ^ ^r 

^^ - • Head Quarters, Erie Pa. 22nd Oct. 1813 

c^.p . Har. Pa. 211, 212 

Soon after my letter to you of the 16th Inst, [see above] 


was written, I was informed that a special messeng:er with 
dispatches from you had left Bass Island in the schooner Chip- 
pewa which had been driven from the mouth of the Detroit 
River in a violent storm and from the circumstance of a quan- 
tity of baggage belonging to the officers which was known to 
have been on board being found on the lake Shore. She was 
believed to have been lost. As I had nearly completed the 
arangement for a suspension of hostilities with the Indians, 
although I had no information as to the movement of the army 
on Lake Ontario, I determined to embark Genl. McArthur's 
Brigade and the batallion of U. States Riflemen and proceed 
with them down the lake until I could receive some certain 
information of the movements of the army under Genl. Wil- 
kinson and what was expected from me. I arrived here this 
morning with Commodor Perry in the ariel having left the 
remainder of the fleet at Bass Island, it is probable they will 
be here this evening when we shall immediately proceed to 
Bujffaloe. I have learnt that the Chippewa was not lost as 
was supposed at the upper end of the Lake but is on shore 
near to Buffaloe where the unfortunate messenger is said to 
have perished in endeavoring to reach the shore. 
I have not above eleven hundred men with me. 

,, I have the honor to be with gi-eat respect 

:,, / Sir Your Humble Servant 

-; I'^l^ X :\:;.: ; - v^L : . William Henry Harrison 

:''\ Harrison TO Secretary OF War 
No. 97 ^. • 

.^ ,.; ;; Head Quarters Buffaloe, N. Y. Oct. 24th 1813 

., ^ ., Ha/r. Pa. 213, 21i 

Sir: '""'■ '^"■''' -"■--- '^-- 

I have this moment landed at this place, from on board of 
the Schooner Ariel which is one of the several vessels, with 
which I left Detroit, having on board the greater part of Mc- 
Arthur's Brigade and the detachment of the U. States Rifle 
Regiment under Col. [Thomas] Smith. The other vessels are 
all I believe in sight and will be up in a short time. The ag- 
gregate number of Troops with me is about thirteen hundred 
but not more than one thousand iit for duty. Before this 
reaches you, you will no doubt be informed of the loss of your 
Messenger Capt. Brown, with the dispatches that were en- 


trusted with him. Not having received your directions and 
being entirely ignorant of the state of our mihtary operations 
in this quarter, I was much at a loss to know how to proceed 
but believing that Genl. Cass with his Brigade would be able 
to secure Detroit and our adjacent Conquests, after having 
concluded an armistice with the greater part of the Hostile 
Tribes, I concluded that I could not do better than to move 
down the Lake with the remaining part of the Troops. A 
part of McArthur's brigade is still at the Bass Islands where 
they were left for the want of the means of conveyance, and a 
considerable portion of their baggage was also left from the 
same cause. Means have however been taken to collect and 
bring them on. 

I shall move down the Troops immediately to Fort George 
where I shall await your orders unless an opportunity should 
previously occur of striking at the enemy the information I 
have received here of the situation and movements of the 
enemy on the Head of the Lake Ontario is vague and contra- 
dictory. I propose to send off my adjutant General Col. [Ed- 
mund P.] Gaines to see you in the morning, if his state of 
health will allow it. 

Presuming that my official dispatches from. Detroit via 
Washington must have reached you, I scarcely need add that 
on the 5th Instant, I was fortunate enough to overtake Genl. 
Proctor and after a short action to capture upwards of Six 
hundred of his regulars and to defeat and disperse his Indian 

I have the honor to be with great Respect 
Sir Your Humble Servant. 
William Henry Harrison 
Honble John Armstrong Esq. 

P. S. I have promised the bearer that you will reward him in 
proportion to the exertion he makes to deliver you this. It 
is now 2 o'clock P. M. W. H. H. 

Harrison TO Gen. Vincent 
Head-Quarters Fort George 3rd Nov. 1813 

, „ ,. , ^ Ha/r. Pa. 218-223 

sir: ■-.^^.»-'t..„,....te::.fy 

Lieutenant LeBreton, an officer in your service, arrived at 
Detroit on the 15th Ultimo, bearing a flag and a letter to me 


from General Proctor, requesting humane treatment for the 
prisoners in my possession and the restoration of private 
property and papers. This letter was directed to me at the 
Moravian Towns and as the subject was not of the importance 
to ♦ authorize the Lieutenant pursuing me to Detroit, I was 
somewhat surprised at his doing so. It did not appear proper 
to permit him to return in that way and as I was upon the 
point of setting out for this frontier by water, I conceived 
that that mode of conveyance would be fully as agreable to 
him and would enable him to meet General Proctor as expedi- 
tiously as by the land route. I regret that badness of the 
weather and other causes which he will explain has detained 
him until this time. 

Understanding that you are the senior officer I have deter- 
mined to address my answer to you. With respect to the 
subject of General Proctor's letter, those which I have the 
honor to enclose you from the British officers, who were taken 
on the 5th ultimo to their friends and the reports of Lt. Le- 
Breton will satisfy you, that no indulgence which humanity 
could claim in their favor or the usages of War sanction has 
been withheld. The disposition of the property taken on the 
field of action or near it, was left to the commanding officer 
at Detroit. The instructions given to this gentleman and the 
well known integrity and generosity of his character will in- 
sure to the claimants the utmost justice and liberality in his 
decisions. In making this statement, I wish it however to be 
distinctly understood that my conduct with regard to the pris- 
oners and the property taken has been dictated solely by mo- 
tives of humanity and not by a belief that it could be claimed 
upon the score of reciprocity of treatment towards the Amer- 
ican prisoners, who have fallen into the hands of General 
Proctor. The unhappy persons of that description who have 
excaped from the tomahawks of the savages in the employ- 
ment of the British Government, under the immediate orders 
of that Officer, have suffered all the indignities and depriva- 
tions which human nature is capable of supporting. There is 
no single instance that I have heard of in which the property 
of the Officers has been respected. But I am far from believ- 
ing that the conduct of General Proctor has been thought an 
example worthy imitation by the greater part of the British 
officers and in the Character of General Vincent I have a 
pledge that he will unite his exertions with mine to soften 


as much as possible the fate of those whom the fortune of 
War may reciprocally place in our power. 

But Sir, there is another subject upon which I wish an ex- 
plicit declaration. Will the Indians who still adhere to the 
cause of his Brittanic Majesty be suffered to continue that 
horrible species of warfare which they have heretofore prac- 
tised against our Troops and those still more horrible depre- 
dations upon the peaceble inhabitants of our frontiers? I 
have sufficient evidence to show that the latter have not al- 
ways been perpetrated by small parties of vagrant Indians 
acting at a distance from the British army. Some of the most 
atrocious instances having occurred under the very eyes of 
the British Commander and the Head of the Indian Depart- 
ment. I shall pass by the tragedy of the River Raisin and 
that equally well known which was enacted at the Miami River 
after the defeat of Col. [William] Dudley and select three 
other instances of savage barbarity committed under the au- 
spices of General Proctor. 

In the beginning of June last a small party of Indians con- 
ducted by an Ottawa chief, who I believe is now with the 
British Army under your command, left Maiden in bark 
canoes in which they coasted lake Erie to the mouth of Por- 
tage river, the canoes were taken across the portage to San- 
dusky bay, across which, the party proceeded to the mouth of 
Cold Creek and from thence by land to the settlements upon 
that creek where they captured three families consisting of 
one man and twelve women and children. After taking the 
prisoners some distance, one of the women was discovered to 
be unable to keep up with them in consequence of her ad- 
vanced state of pregnancy. She was immediately toma- 
hawked, stripped naked, her womb ripped open and the child 
taken out. Three or four of the children were successively 
butchered as they discovered their inability to keep up with 
the party. Upon the arrival of the Indians at Maiden, two or 
three of the prisoners were ransomed by Col. Elliott and the 
others by the citizens of Detroit, where they remained until 
they were taken off by their friends upon the capture of that 
place by our army. / have been informed that the savage 
Chief received from Col. Elliott a repremand for his cnielty. 

On the 29th or 30th of the same month, a large party of 
Indians were sent from Maiden on a War Expedition to Lower 


Sandusky. At a farm house near to that place they murdered 
the whole family consisting of a man, his wife son and daugh- 

During the last attack upon Fort Meigs by General Proctor 
a party, headed by a Seneca, (an intimate friend of Tecum- 
seh's) was sent to endeavor to detach from our interest the 
savages of Wapokonata. In their way hither they murdered 
several men and one woman who was working in her corn- 

I have selected. Sir, the above from a long list of similar in- 
stances of barbarity which the history of the last 15 months 
could furnish because they were perpetrated if not in view of 
the British commander and by parties v/ho came immediately 
from his company and returned to it. Who ever received their 
daily support from the King's Stores and who in fact (as the 
documents in my possession show) formed part of his army. 
To retaliate these upon the subjects of the King would have 
been justifiable by the Laws of War and by the usages of the 
most civilized nations. The tide of fortune has changed in 
our favour and an extensive and flourishing province opened 
to our army. Nor have instruments of vengence been want- 
ing. The savages who have sued to us for mercy would gladly 
have shown their claims to it by reacting upon the Thames, 
the bloody scenes of Sandusky and Cold Creek, A single sign 
of approbation would have been sufficient to pour upon the 
subjects of the King their whole fury. The future conduct of 
the British officers will determine the correctness of mine in 
withholding it. If the savages should be again let loose upon 
our settlements I shall with justice be accused of having sac- 
rificed the interest and honour of my country and the lives 
of my fellow citizens to feeling of false and mistaken Human- 
ity. You are a soldier Sir, and as I sincerely believe possess 
all those honorable sentiments which ought always to be found 
in men who follow the profession of arms. Use then I pray 
you your authority and influence to stop that dreadful efl"usion 
of innocent blood which proceeds from the employment of 
those savage monsters whose aide (as must now be discov- 
ered) is so little to be depended upon when it is most wanted 
and which can have so trifling an efl;ect upon the issue of the 
War. The effect of their barbarity will not be confined to 
the present generation. Ages yet to come will feel the eff"ect 


of the deep-rooted hatred and enmity which they must pro- 
duce between the two Nations. I deprecate most sincerely 
the dreadful alternative which will be offered to me should 
they be continued, but I do most solemly declare that if the 
Indians that remain under the influence of the British Govern- 
ment are suffered to commit any depredations upon the citi- 
zen within the district that is committed to my protection, I 
will remove the restrictions which have been imposed upon 
those who offered their sei-vices to the United States and di- 
rect them to carry on the war in their own way. I have never 
heard a single excuse for the employment of the Savages by 
your Government unless we can credit the stoiy of some Brit- 
ish Officer having dared to assert that "as we employed the 
Kentuckians you had a right to make use of the Indians". 
If such injurious sentiments have really prevailed to the preju- 
dice of a brave, well informed and virtuous people, it will be 
removed by the representations of your officers, who were 
lately taken upon the River Thames. They will inform you 
Sir, that so far from offering any violence to the persons of 
their prisoners, "these Savages" would not peiTnit a word to 
escape them, which was calculated to wound or insult their 
feelings, and this too, with the sufferings of their friends and 
relatives at the River Raisin and Miami fresh upon their re- 

I have the honor to be Sir, your very Humble Servant 

Signed William Henry Harrison 
Maj. Gen. Vincent Commanding British Forces 
Burlington Heights 

P. S. I pledge myself for the truth of the above in relation 
to the murders committed by the Indians. 

W. H. H. 

;• . Secretary of War to Harrison 

BoONSViLLE 3d Nov. 1813 

Har. Pa. 93, 9U 

Dear General 

I have fortunately met Colonel [E. P.] Gaines on the way 
to his Regt. The Deputy Paymaster should have orders to 
attend to the Brigade you have brought with you. Capt. 
[Robert] Butler will act as your asst. adjutant general and 


shall receive an appointment as such. The officers of the 
several corps composing your Division, (as well those at fort 
George as General Cass's Brigade) not indispensable to the 
command of the troops now in the field should be immediately 
dispatched on the recruiting service. I need not invite your 
attention to a subject so important to the early and successful 
opening of the next campaign and to the extent and character 
of your particular command. Will the whole of Cass's brigade 
be wanted to the Westward ? In the event of a peace with the 
savages a less force would be sufficient and to hasten and se- 
cure this event, the present moment and present impression 
must be seized. Of the warriors sueing for peace one or more 
should be sent by the nearest route and by the most expedi- 
tious mode to the Creek nation. The story of their defeat 
by you and subsequent abandonment by the British communi- 
cated by themselves would probably have a decisive effect on 
their red brethren of the South and save us the trouble and 
expense of beating them into a sense of their own interest. 
When I wrote to you from Wilna it was doubtful whether our 
attack would be made directly upon Kingston or upon Mon- 
treal. Reasons exist for prefering the latter course and have 
probably determined General Wilkinson to go down the St. 
Lawrence. In this case the enemy will have at Kingston, be- 
sides his fleet, a garrison of 12 or 1400 men. Had we not a 
corps in the neighborhood these might do mischief and even 
render insecure the winter station of our fleet. To prevent 
this (and when the frost has bridged the St. Lawrence to do 
more) it is deemed advisable to draw together at Sackett's 
Harbour a considerable military force. There are now at that 
post between four and five hundred men of all descriptions — 
sick, convalescent and effective. Colonel [Winfield] Scot's 
detachment (about 700) are on their march thither, and it 
is barely possible that Colonel [Thomas Mann] Randolph's 
(not arriving in time to move with the army) may be there 
also. This does not exceed 350. McArthur's Brigade added 
to these will make a force entirely competent to our objects. 
To bring this Brigade down the Lake you must have the aid 
of the fleet which will be readily given by Commodore [Isaac] 
Chauncey. On this point I shall write to him and suggest 
a communication with you in relation to it. This new dispo- 
sition will render necessary the employment of so many of 


the militia and volunteers now in service under General 
[George] McClure as you may deem competent to the safe 
keeping of Forts George and Niagara and their dependencies. 
It is not intended by these instructions to prevent either you 
or General JVTcArthur from visiting your families or from go- 
ing directly to them, if you so desire, from Fort George. In 
this case the command will devolve on Colonel [Alexander] 
Smith. To Genl. McArthur I would however barely suggest 
that I shall on my arrival at Albany institute a Court Martial 
for the trial of Hull — the court to sit at that place — and that 
in this event, it might be more convenient for the General to 
be at Sackett's Harbour. By the way this suggests also the 
necessity of immediately relieving General Cass (whose pres- 
ence as a witness will be indispensable) and making such dis- 
positions with regard to Majors [David] Tremble, [Thomas 
S.] Jessup and etc. as will best and most easily combine the 
public object with their personal convenience. 

P. S. For the better accommodation of the troops it may 
be well to leave 500 of them at Oswego. They will there find 
good Barracks for that number and may be brought to Sack- 
ett's Harbour in a single day. The contractor ought to be 
apprised of the arrangement. 
Major General Harrison ""/£?' 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Headquarters, Newark 8th Nov. 1813 

"';■;■:>-.*'.-:■: "'.•■-i?;-iv.';.\::.:' -'■.■■;-. , :> •'^.\:;, Har. Pa. 215-217 


I had last evening the Honor to receive your favor of the 
30th ultimo. The enemy are still at the Head of Burlington 
Bay but my utmost exertion to effect it, have not been suf- 
ficient to obtain such information as I can rely upon, in rela- 
tion to their number or intentions. The necessity of driving 
them from thence was so apparent that I dispatched orders 
from Buffaloe on the 28th Ult. to General Cass to join me im- 
mediately with his Brigade and to General [John] Gano of 
the Ohio Militia to take the command at Detroit. Unluckily 
the vessel which took the order, was driven back and forced 
on shore at Buffaloe with three others. The dispatch to Gen- 
eral Cass and another to Capt, [Jesse D.] Elliott, who now 
commands the vessels on Lake Erie were forwarded by land 


to Erie. The Captain has dedined the employment of any of 
his vessels but the five Gun boats and a schooner, for the 
transportation of the troops. Of these, one is on shore at 
Buffaloe and two are lying in the Head of Niagara River. As 
from these circumstances I could not calculate upon the ar- 
rival of Gen Cass time enough to assist in the operation 
against Burlington, I have countermanded the order for his 
coming down. General [George] McClure having informed 
me that he had authority to call for Militia from the neigh- 
ouring counties of New York, I have directed him to call out 
one thousand and I have employed Gen. [Peter Buel] Porter 
and Col. Chapin to raise Volunteers, the whole to serve for one 
month after their arrival here. I have the honor to enclose 
you, returns of the regular troops and of General McClure's 
command. As the enemy must have at least one thousand 
Indians, you will, I am persuaded, agree with me as to the 
necessity of calling out an additional Militia force. It is much 
to be regretted that Col. [Winfield] Scott did not remain here 
with his command. With those I should not have hesitated to 
have advanced upon General Vincent. I still hope to be able to 
effect his removal. I shall have no doubt of it, if I can infuse 
into the New York Militia, the spirit that animates those from 
Kentucky. Every exertion is made to restore the health of 
the regular Soldiers but notwithstanding they are in good 
quarters and are well provided for, the number of sick has 
increased almost daily. A very considerable number are how- 
ever convalescent. 

The expedition to the Head of the Lake would be necessary 
to destroy the subsistence upon the road leading to the Thames 
to prevent the enemy from making any attempts to regain 
the upper province in that direction, in the event of their 
keeping possession of York. 1 found at Fort Niagara a suf- 
ficiency of many articles of clothing for my men, but they are 
in great want of Woollen overalls, some blankets, and stock- 
ings will be wanted also. May I hope that some of these ar- 
ticles will be forwarded immediately. 

I have the honor to enclose you a copy of a letter received 
from General Proctor [see Oct. 8 above] by a flag before I 
left Detroit together with my answer directed to General Vin- 
cent. [Nov. 3 above] I thought the opportunity a good one, to 
bring forward the subject of Indian depredations. 


Since I began this letter, a decent, respectable looking young 
man has arrived, who says he is a Sergeant in the Glengary 
Regiment and deserted in consequence of his having been dis- 
appointed of promised promotion. I enclose you a copy of his 
examination taken before General's IMcArthur and IMcClure 
[following] . The number of Indians is certainly exaggerated, 
but I do not believe that the amount of Regulars is much under 
what he makes them. As you will be possessed of all the in- 
formation that I have upon the subject, I should like to re- 
ceive your directions. Shall I advance upon the enemy if I 
can obtain one thousand additional jMilitia after leaving three 
hundred men in each of the Garrisons I shall then be enabled 
to march something upwards of two thousand. 

I have the honor to be with High Re- 
' - , spect and Consideration 

.''• I > - . Sir Your Humble Servant 

''''''■ William Henry Harrison 

Honble. John Armstrong Esq. Secretary of War 

Examination of Charles Johnston, A Deserter from the 
British Army 

Har. Pa. 225 

He belonged to the Glengary Regiment, left Burlington on 
the 7th at 9 o'clock acting as Assistant Provost martial that 
he left there, the whole of the Royal Scotch Regiment the 
v/hole of the 100th, the light company of the 8th and the re- 
maining part of the 41st about 150 or 60 Dragoons. The light 
company of the Scotch Royals arrived a few days before he 
left Burlington. He believed that the whole of the forces 
amounted to 2000 regulars and 2000 Indians. They have a 
very large supply of provisions flour and pickled pork — part 
of which, they have been sending to York that a large quan- 
tity of presents vvero distributed amongst the Indians on Fri- 
day last. That he then saw them together and believes that 
there were 2000 warriors, that the Indians who escaped from 
the Battle of the Thames are all there, that the Prophet had 
appointed a succesor to his Brother Tecumseh who was killed 
in said battle. 


., . ,- Gen. Vincent TO Harrison 

Head Quarters Burlington Heights 10th November, 1813 

Har. Pa. 230-232 


Lieut. LeBreton having deHvered your letter of the 3rd 
inst. [see above] I have directed Capt. IMerritt of the Provin- 
cial Dragoons to proceed with a Flag to Fort George as the 
Bearer of this acknowledgement of your obliging communica- 

The account given of the British officers whom the fortune 
of War has lately placed at the disposal of the United States, 
is such as cannot fail affording very consoling reflections to 
this army and their anxious friends. 

Tho you must be sensible that there are several points in 
your letter respecting which it is wholly beyond my power to 
afford you the satisfaction of an explicit, declaration, yet be 
assured Sir I shall never feel the smallest degree of hesitation 
in joining you in any pledge, that it \\ill ever be my anxious 
wish and endeavour to alleviate as much as possible the fate 
of those who may fall into my power by the chances of war. 

Believe me Sir, I deprecate as strongly as yourself the per- 
petration of acts of cruelty committed under any pretext, and 
I shall lament equally with yourself that any state of things 
should produce them. No efforts of mine will be ever wanting 
to diminish the evils of a state of Avarfare, as far as may be 
consistent with the duties which are due to my King and 

The Indian when acting in conjunction with the Troops un- 
der my command, has been invariabley exhorted to mercy, 
and have never been deaf to my anxious entreaties on this in- 
teresting subject. 

I shall not fail to transmit the original of your letter to the 
Lower Province for the consideration of His Excellency the 
Commander of the Forces. I feel particularly anxious to be 
made acquainted with your instructions relative to the dis- 
posal of the gallent and truly unfortunate Captain Barclay, 
whose wounds I lament to hear arc such as to preclude all 
hope of his being ever again able to resume the honourable 
duties of his station. Under these circumstances I am in- 
duced to rely on your liberality and generous interferance to 


obtain a release or parole that he may be allowed the indulg- 
ence of immediately proceeding to the Lower Province. 

I have the Honor to be 

your very Obeidient Servant 
. ■ .. John Vincent il/. GenemZ 

His Excellency Major Gen. Harrison 
A true Copy John O'Fallon A. D. C. 

(No. 99) 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

Head Quarters, Newark 11th Nov. 1813 

Q, Har. Pa. 225-22S 

I had the honor to receive your letter of the 3d inst. the day 
before yesterday, [see above] 

I fear there has been some mistake in relation to the period 
of service for which the Militia under General [George] Mc- 
Clure was called out. He says that it was for three months 
only and that the term of the whole will expire in three or four 
weeks. If that is the case and the Regular Troops are sent off 
Fort George will be left without defence unless a new draft is 
made immediately. General McClure has called for 1000 men 
from the two adjoining counties but they were called for one 
month only. I suppose however that as they are drafted men, 
the authority of the Governor would be sufficient to oblige 
them to stay. But the great difficulty will be in getting them 
to remain on this side or even to come over at all, when they 
discover that they are to be retained for three months. I give 
you this information, supposing that it might produce a coun- 
termand of the order for sending McArthur's brigade belov/. 
I should not think it safe, to bring Cass's brigade from De- 
troit at present. It was my intention, if my first order for 
their coming had been successful, to have sent them back 
from Long point after having visited Burligton. [George] 
Dixon passed up from York some time since, with a very large 
quantity of goods. It is possible that he may be able to in- 
duce the Potawatomes, Chippewas and Ottawas again to com- 
mence hostility. I am however, pretty confident that with a 
little attention and address, it may be prevented and perfect 
tranquility restored to the Western Country, which would en- 
able the Government to use the whole of the resources of that 
country in the lower part of Canada. Within a few months 


after security is given to the frontiers, our Treasury will re- 
ceive the whole of the large sums which have been expended 
in that District back again for lands. There is much delicacy 
and some dificulty in determining what course is to be taken 
with the hostile Indians. Unless they are treated with some 
forbearance at first, they will conceive their situation so bad 
as to induce them to adopt some desperate course. 

Before I received your letter I was well aware of the neces- 
sity of my returning to the Westward or having some person 
there, vested with general powers for the command of the 
District. It requires immediate attention. In my former let- 
ters I have mentioned the instructions given to the command- 
ants upon the frontiers, to supply them with small quantities 
of provisions and ammunition. Unless this is done, they will 
starve or break upon the frontiers to obtain supplies. I rec- 
ommend that a supply of goods be immediately sent to the 
Factor at Fort Wayne. It would be extremely gratifying to 
me and I believe promotive of the Public Interest if I could 
have an interview with you. Unless I receive before I leave 
this some unexpected information from the West (or orders 
to the contrary) , it is probable that I may take Washington 
in my route. I am accustomed to travel with so much expedi- 
tion that it would make no great difference in the time of my 
arriving in my district. 

To my great disappointment and mortification, I find that 
there are but 400 Cartouch boxes to be procured for the mili- 
tia that are expected. If they should not have them the ex- 
pedition to the Head of the Lake cannot take place. There 
are neither tents nor camp kettles and I fear that the Militia 
of this frontier will not, like the Kentuckians, do without 
them. I am still in the dark as to the intentions of the Enemy 
at the Head of the Lake. I believe that they will retire to 
York, but so strong were the reports, that they were advanc- 
ing upon us yesterday and had reached the 40 miles Creek 
(30 from this) that I changed the disposition of the troops to 
receive an attack. 

. ; With the highest consideration 
. y I have the honor to be Sir 
your Humble Servant 
William Henry Harrison 
Hon. John Armstrong. Esq. Secretary of War 



Harrison to Secretary of War 
(No. 100) 

Headquarters Newark 14th Nov. 1813 

- .A*r 'i -. - . Har. Pa. 229 

Sir: ' - ' - - 

I understand that volunteers are commg on in considerable 
numbers to join me from the neighboring counties. I should 
have no doubt of giving a good account of General Vincent 
and his army if his position were not such as precludes I fear 
every hope of reaching him in any other way than by regular 
approaches. For operations of that kind we are entirely un- 
prepared. However, I will go up, if the force that joins me 
is such as is expected and will do the best I can to prevent 
his being troublesome in future. I have an accurate delinea- 
tion of his position, and if I mistake not, it is one of the 
strongest in America calculated either for defence retreat or 
to receive reinforcements from York. Notwithstanding the 
utmost care and attention both of the sick and well, my ef- 
fective regular force daily decreases. I shall not be able to 
march more than six hundred rank and file. 

I have the honor to enclose you a copy of General Vincents 
answer to my letter to him of the 3rd instant, [see Nov. 10 

. . With the highest consideration and regard 
.', I am sir your, Humble Servant. 
.,.;,=. William Henry Harrison 
Hon. John Armstrong. 

P. S. Col. Wilcox just informed me that the enemy are build- 
ing largely at York and have a considerable force there. 

-;•- :.'V.,h:.,v..:..,^-v:..,.v:- . W. H. H. 

,• . - , Harrison to Clarke 

Head Quarters, Newark 15th Nov. 1813 

- . ' - : , - Har, Pa. 236, 227 

Dear Sir : 

Being ordered to the Westward you will be pleased to re- 
sume the command, which you exercised previously to my 
arrival on this frontier. The orders which you have hereto- 
fore receive will govern you. It will be necessary that you 
keep a vigilant eye over the disaffected part of the inhabitants 


and I recommend that you make use of the zeal, activity and 
local knowledge which Col. Wilcox certainly possesses to coun- 
teract the machinations of our enemy and assure the confi- 
dence of our friends amongst the inhabitants. It will how- 
ever, I am pursuaded, be your wish as it is your duty, to guard 
the latter as much as possible from oppression. 

The volunteers which were lately called out, will be re- 
tained as long as you consider their services necessary. The 
drafted militia, untill further orders are received from the 
Sect, of War. There can be little doubt of its being the in 
tention of the enemy to send the greater part of the troops, 
which they have at Burlington and York to Kingston, and to 
make York the right of their line, they may however leave a 
small command at Burlington and these may be so securely 
posted as to render them safe from any desultory expedition 
you may set on foot but it is desirable to have any supplies 
which they may have collected at the Mills in the neighbour- 
hood, destroyed, and should the success below be not such as 
to promise possession of the whole of the upper province, the 
mills may be destroyed. 

Capts. [John] Leonard and [James] Reed or either of them 
are appointed to muster your troops when and where you may 
think proper. 

In closing this communication, I should not do justice to my 
feelings, if I were not to acknowledge the zeal and talents with 
which you have managed your command. Your conduct ap- 
pears to me to have been extremely judicious and proper 
throughout and your troops exhibit a State of improvement 
and subordination which is at once honorable to your officers 
and themselves. 

* V' ^«:^-:^ '^ I am very sincerely Your 
-" ^ / friend and Humble Servant 

-• - William Henry Harrison 
Brig. Gen. W. Clarke 

P. S. 

With regard to the inhabitants of the country who have 
been taken up as spies or for other causes, I have been in a 
great degree governed by the opinions of Col. Wilcox. I rec- 
ommend the same course to you, unless you should discover 
that it leads to an improper result. W. H. H. 


, • ■ McClure to Harrison 

_,,.., "-[>'\ Fort George, November 15, 1813 

Cttj . Har. Pa. 2^1 

The subject of our conversation this morning has occupied 
my most serious reflections. The deadly blow heretofore given 
to the patriotism of our citizens on this frontier, have pre- 
pared them for murmurs and complaints. Those who are now 
on the march have left their homes and their business under 
great sacrifices with the certainty of being brought into ac- 
tion. The last address which I issued under your directions 
and which I am happy to find has met your approbation, gives 
them reason for indulging the expectation of service, and they 
are anxious to drive the enemy from their borders forever. 
The high character of Gen. Harrison, combined with these cir- 
cumstances, has excited strong interest in the public mind rel- 
ative to our operations. 

In this peculiar situation of affairs, I feel it to be due to the 
gallant volunteers and militia who are assembled and collect- 
ing, and to my own reputation, most respectfully to solicit, 
that if it is not incompatible with your instructions and your 
better judgment, you will not abandon our projected expedi- 
tion against Burlington Heights. Such is the anxious wish 
of the Militia and I have no doubt the soldiers under your 
command are equally if not more desirous of the employment. 

My anxiety on the subject, I trust will excuse the appear- 
ance of any disrespect in making this communication which 
certainly is far from my feelings. My confidence in the valor, 
ability, and prudence of Gen. Harrison, will dispose me most 
cheerfully to submit to any arrangements he may be bound 
to make, however great may be my disappointment in their 

I have the honor to be. Sir Your Humble Servt. 

Major General Harrison «^°- McClbre 

., :,.,^ Harrison to McClure 

Head Quarters, Nenvark Nov. 15, 1813 

DEAR Sir: ' ■ Har. Pa. 23s, 21,0 

Your letter to me of this morning has been received. I feel 

most severely the weight of the reasons which you urge for 


the prosecution of the intended expedition to Burlington. The 
disappointment however, of the brave and patriotic men who 
have turned out under the expectation of serving their country 
effectually in the field at this inclement season is the most 
painful circumstance attending it, as I am well convinced from 
the information received this morning and last evening that 
the enemy are moving as fast as possible from the Head of 
the Lake to Kingston, which has been left with a very small 
part of the force that was lately there, and it is more than 
probable that should we advance in force the enemy having 
none but effective men at Burlington would destroy the stores, 
which they have remaining there and retreat too rapidly to be 
overtaken. These are considerations however which would 
make it extremely desirable to make an exhibition of force in 
that quarter. But the orders I have received from the Sec- 
retary of War leaves me no alternative. 

Comodore Chauncy is extremely pressing that the troops 
should immediately embark, declaring that the navigation at 
this season to small vessels is very dangerous. The force at 
Sackets harbour is very small, less by one Regiment than the 
Secretary of War supposed it would be when he gave me the 
order for the embarkation of the Regular Troops that are 
here. The troops at York are all hastening down to Kingston. 
Sackets harbour may be endangered by even the delay of a 
few days and should the troops that are here not get down 
before the Lake is frozen, our fleet may be destroyed for the 
want of their aid. I cannot therefore, take upon myself the 
responsibility of delaying their going down even a day. 

Will you be so obliging at the proper time as to explain the 
above circumstances to the Patriots who have left their homes 
with the intention of assisting me to drive the Enemy far from 
our borders, and assure them that I shall ever recollect with 
the warmest gratitude the partiality which they have been 
pleased to express for me and their preference of serving un- 
der my Command. 

I will direct payment to be made to the volunteers for ra- 
tions and forage in coming on. 

Accept my best wishes for your health 
.' .. ^ and happiness and believe me 

i ^ v^.A >- sincerely your friend. 

., ,7 . . V( : ' • William Henry Harrison 


Harrison to Secretary op War 
(No. 101) 

, , Head Quarters Newark IGth Nov. 1813 

Har. Pa. 23i 


Comodore Chauncey with the Fleet arrived here yesterday 
morning and informed me that he was ready to receive the 
Troops to convey them down the Lake and that the season was 
so far advanced rendering the navigation dangerous to the 
smaller vessels, that it was desirable they should be embarked 
as expeditiously as possible. As a very small part of the mili- 
tia and Volunteers had arrived and the situation of Sacketts 
Harbour appearing to me to require immediate reinforcement 
I did not think proper to take upon myself the responsibility 
of postponing the departure of the Troops for the Lower part 
of the Lake conformably to the directions contained in your 
letter of the 3rd Instant. The information I received yester- 
day from two respectable citizens that were taken near to Fort 
Meigs in June last and who made their escape in an open boat 
from Burlington confirmes me in the propriety of sending 
them off. These men state the troops were hurrying to King- 
ston from York as fast as possible. The regulars going dovv^n 
in boats and Militia bringing the latter back. 

The troops are now all embarked and are under the com- 
mand of Col. Smith who is an officer in whose capacity and 
bravery the greatest relyance may be placed. 

I shall set out this evening for the seat of Government. 

I have the honor to be with the highest 
\,'"^" "' consideration, Sir, Your Humble Servant. 

'■^ . ' \'- - William Henry Harrison 

John Armstrong Esq Sect of War 

^-f ..:;:: - . McClure to Harrison 

Fort George, 16th November, 1813 

Har. Pa. 235 

My Dear Sir : 

I cannot suffer you to depart from this post without ex- 
pressing to you the great satisfaction I have received from 
our intercourse and my extreme regret that its continuance 
is so short. You carry with you. Sir, the highest esteem and 


the warmest admiration of every officer and soldier under my 
command who has had any opportunity of forming an ac- 
quaintance with you. 

Your recommendations will meet with every attention and 
respect in my power, and I shall only regret that you are not 
here yourself to execute them. 

For the terms of approbation which you have been pleased 
to use in speaking of my conduct, I can tender you only my 

With the warmest wishes for your health and prosperity 
and that of your officers with whom I have had the pleasure 
of an acquaintance. 

I remain with utmost respect 
^" ''-" * ^"L " ,, , ' Your friend and servant 

Geo. McClure 
Major Gen. Harrison ' 

Posey Message to Assembly 

December 6, 1813 

,^.. _ - ; Western Sun, December 25, 1813 

" '".' "■ f^ Dillon, History of Indiana, 527 

Gentlemen of the Legislative Council and of the House of Rep- 

The period which calls you in your legislative capacity hav- 
ing arrived, it is with pleasure I give my attendance and will 
cheerfully cooperate with you in exerting to promote the pub- 
lic good and welfare of the Territory. 

The present crisis is awful and big with great events; our 
land and nation is involved in the common calamity of war, 
but we are under the protecting care of the beneficent Being 
who has, on a former occasion, bro't us in safety through an 
arduous struggle, and placed us on a foundation of independ- 
ence, freedom, and happiness. He will not suffer to be taken 
from us what he in his great wisdom has tho't proper to con- 
fer and bless us with, if we make a wise and virtuous use of 
his good gifts. 

In the present contest with Great Britain, in contending 
for the preservation of our dearest rights it would be im- 
proper to omit our supplications to that Almighty Being, who 
rules over the universe, who presided in the councils of na- 


tions, and whose providential aids can supply every human 
defect. We have great reason to be thankful to him for the 
success of our arms by land and water. Altho' our affairs at 
the commencement of the war wore a gloomy aspect, thoy have 
brightened and promise a certainty of success, if properly di- 
rected and conducted, — of which I have no doubt, as the Pres- 
ident and heads of departments of the general government are 
men of undoubted talents, patriotism, and experience, and who 
have grown old in the service of their country. We have 
reason to be thankful that such men are at the head of our 
affairs. Our army and navy have brought to view officers of 
the gi^eatest bravery, patriotism, sldll, and enterprise. Our 
soldiers and seamen, tho' almost undisciplined, have in many 
instances, fought with as much bravery and perseverance as 
the most hardy veterans. If there is so great a promise at so 
early a period of the war, what must be our prospects should 
the war continue? Our cause is just, and if we have virtue 
and constancy what is there to cause doubt of success? It 
must be obvious to every thinking mind that we were forced 
into the war. Every measure consistent with honor, both be- 
fore and since the declaration of war, has been tried to be 
upon amicable terms with our enemy. If they will not listen 
to reciprocity, and be at peace with us, where is the man who 
is a friend to his countrj'- that will not give a helping hand 
and use his best exertions to presence and maintain inviolate 
the just rights of his country? It is to be hoped there is none 

I now come to the part we are more immediately interested 
in. Upper Canada is nearly or altogether in possession of the 
armies of the United States. This is a happy event for the 
peace and security of the western country. We partake in a 
very essential degi'ee of the blessing. The communication 
being cut off between the British and Indians, will ensure 
peace with the latter ; and I hope and trust what has caused 
our country to expend so much blood and treasure will never 
be resigned or relinquished. It is essentially necessary that 
the United States should hold possession of Upper Canada at 
least; and true policy would dictate to our government to get 
possession (and keep it) of both Upper and Lower Canada — 
making the citizens free and independent, though to form a 
part of the Union. I could wish, and am fully of opinion, that 
it would be the interest of the United States if the whole 


of the British possessions or dominions in North America 
were independent of Great Britain. 

There is a bill before Congress, introduced by Mr. [James] 
Kilbourn, of the State of Ohio, purporting to lay off a district 
of country upon our northwestern frontiers, stretching from 
the Connecticut Reserve and lake Erie to the jMississippi, and 
giving a cei'tain quantity of land as a donation to all who may 
become actual residents. Should the bill pass into a law there 
can be very little doubt of the speedy settlement of the dis- 
trict, — which, together with Upper Canada in our possession, 
will form a barrier that may bid defiance to any Indian hos- 
tilities on any of our frontiers east of the I\Iississippi, and 
no doubt will aiford protection to the Missouri territory. 

I will now call to your attention such subjects as require 
the deliberations of your present meeting. ]\Iuch depends upon 
you, gentlemen, in bringing to maturity such laws as will have 
a tendency to render equal justice to each individual of the 
community, and promote the general welfare of the Territory. 
You, who reside in various parts of the Territoiy, have it in 
your power to understand what ^vHl tend to its general and 
local advantage. 

The judiciary system would require a revisal and amend- 
ment. The militia law is very defective and requires imme- 
diate attention. It is necessary to have good roads and high- 
ways, in as many directions through the Territory as the cir- 
cumstances and situation of the inhabitants will admit of; it 
would contribute very much to promote the settlement and 
improvement of the Territory. Attention to education is 
highly necessaiy; there is an appropriation made by congress 
in land, for the purpose of establishing public schoools. It 
comes now within your province to cany into operation the 
design of the appropriation. The situation and state' of the 
treasury is a necessary subject for your consideration ; a state- 
ment (marked A) [omitted] of the disbursements of the ap- 
propriation made by the legislature at their last session, con- 
stituting a contingent fund subject to my disposition, is here- 
with transmitted. 

All the necessary documents relative to the situation of the 
territory and other subjects as they may occur, shall be com- 
municated from time to time, thro' the course of the session. 

I wish you a pleasant session, recommending harmony and 
dispatch of business. ^^^^,^3 p^^^^. 


, , Harrison on the IMilitia 

Toast at Philadelphia Dec. 9, 1813 

Niks' Register 


Permit me to offer j^oii a volunteer toast, and very briefly 
to state the motive whicli prompts me to take one of the reg- 
ular toast of the day as a mean of communicating my opinion. 
Believing, as I do, that a sentiment is gaining gi'ound un- 
friendly to republicanism and injurious to the nation, and 
knowing from my own experience, that the sentiment is not 
well founded, I will give you 

The Militia of the United States. They possess the Ro- 
man spirit and when our government shall think proper to 
give them that organization and discipline of which they are 
susceptible, they will perform deeds that will emulate those of 
the legions led by Marcellus, and Scipio. 

* . ' Harrison to Secretary of War 

\ , ' ' Washington City 21st December, 1813 

-,'1 ■ .; . ' Har. Pa. 245-246 


The probability of the Ohio being soon closed with ice has 
determined me to proceed to the westward tomorrow, altho 
I should have been extremely glad to have had the honour of 
another interview with you. At Cincinnati I shall wait your 
further instructions. The President is apprehensive that the 
enemy will make and attempt this winter to re-occupy IMalden 
and Detroit. An enterprise of that kind is not very improb- 
able for the purpose of regaining the confidence of the In- 
dians. As General Cass has been withdrawn!, I think it im- 
portant that some officer of rank and talents should be sent 
to succeed him. Gen. [Benjamin] Howard can be spared from 
the Missouri Territory. To the Military Talents of Governor 
[William] Clark and his intimate acquaintance with the In- 
dians our affairs in that quarters can be safely confided. 

If the determination of the Government in relation to the 
late hostile Indians should be such as you suggested and which 
I believe is approbated by the President, it is requisite that 
immediate attention be given to that subject to anticipate the 
British Agents who will certainly be at work amongst them. 


Those that were formerly employed should be immediately 
paid. A distribution of goods should take place to relieve 
their immediate and pressing wants and moderate quantities 
of provision and ammunition furnished. The late hostile 
chiefs were very desirous of knowing whether the former 
boundary of their lands was to continue. Upon this subject 
I have had some conversation with the President and some of 
the leading western members their opinions seem all decidely 
to coincide with mine that the Indians ought to be made easy 
in this particular because it is evident that upon the restora- 
tion of peace any extinguishments of title which the United 
States may acquire can be effected for a consideration so 
trifling that it ought not to be regarded. 

A considerable portion of the Ohio ]\Iilitia now in service 
may be dismissed, a few will be necessary to garrison certain 
posts upon the frontiers. Shall I expect your particular di- 
rections as to the number of those to be kept up? ]\Iost of 
the Rangers may also be dismissed. One company at St. Louis 
will I think be sufficient for that quarter. But it will be neces- 
sary to raise one at Detroit. I deem this an indispensable 
measure to the safety of that country. What shall be done 
with the horses of [S. G.] Hopkin's Troops of Light Dragoons 
which were left at Cleveland? There is also a quantity of pub- 
lic property at all the Posts in Ohio which is no longer useful. 
Shall it be collected and sold? 

From a letter which has been written from the War Office 
since your departure to the Northern Frontier, I perceive that 
Gen. Howard has been authorised to consider himself as hav- 
ing an Independent command. It will therefore require a 
letter from you directing him to repair to Detroit or requir- 
ing him to receive my orders. 

Upon the subject of Indian affairs I should be glad to re- 
ceive your directions in detail and permit me to request that 
your answer to this letter may be immediately forwarded to 
Cincinnatti to meet me upon my arrival there. 

I have the honor to be with the ]\Iost Respectful Considera- 

Sir, Your Humble Servant, 

William Henry Harrison 
Honble. John Armstrong 


;■ Posey Special Message 

CORYDON, Dec. 27, 1813 

Western Sun, Febmary 19, 181U 

Dillon, History of Indiana, 529, note 

The honorable the President of the Legislative Council: 

Sir: I wish you to communicate to your honorable body 
that the deHcate state of my health will not admit of my longer 
continuance at this place, [Corydon]. I find myself badly 
situated on account of the want of medical aid ; my physician 
is at Louisville, and I have taken the medicine bro't with me. 
The weather is moderate now, which will be favorable to my 
going on to Jeffersonville, where any communications that 
the two houses of the Legislature may have to make will find 
me. Mr. [Basil?] Prather will, in the most expeditious man- 
ner, bring them on, and it ^vill take but a short time for me 
to act upon them and for his return, v>^hich would not detain 
the Legislature in session more than a day longer. Be as- 
sured, sir, that nothing but imperious necessity compels me to 
this step. 

Accept of assurances of my high respect for yourself and 
your honorable body.^ 

Th: Posey 

Secretary of War to Harrison 
-;■ -'^ ■ ' ■' ■' War Department Dec. 29th 1813 

' ' ■ Har. Pa. 85, SO 


I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter 
of the 21st and 22d instant, [see above] 

Captain [Charles Scott] Todd has been, as you wished, ap- 
pointed an asst. to Inspector General, in the room of Lieut. 

1. The Governor's decision to leave the capital for his home before the end of the 
legislative session excited fconie censure, as is shown by the following communication to 
the Western Sun, Feb. 19, ISM: 
"Mr. [Elihii'i Stout, [Editor]: 

"It is said in some parts of this Territory that the murmur raised in Vincenncs 
against the Governor, on account of his leaving the seat of government during the 
session of the legislature, is unfounded, and treating him with ingratitude, for that his 
leaving the seat of government during the session, was known to the legislature, and 
by them approved of. To put a stop to the error, I give you a copy of his excellency's 
letter to the president of the Legislative Council, and the resolution entered into imme- 
diately upon reading his Ictlci-, which I trust will be sufficient evidence to the people 
of the Territory that the Legislative Council did not approve of his plan, mode, and 


[Levi] Hukill deceased. Lieut. [David] Tremble will be placed 
where you desire, if it be practicable. You are apprised of 
the excitement and clamor which follows the introduction of 
strangers into old Corps, and in violation of the rule of sen- 
iority. It is this circumstance that gives occasion to any de- 
gree of doubt on the subject. 

Dr, [Edward] Scull shall be appointed to the 19th Regi- 
ment. I am entirely of opinion that the enemy will endeavour 
to reestablish himself to the West. The failure of the cam- 
paign on the St. Lawrence, and the late abandonment of the 
Peninsula by General McClure will quicken his hopes and en- 
deavours in the prosecution of this policy. To recover his as- 
cendencj'- over the Indians, he must stretch himself to the 
Westward and take a position which will facilitate his com- 
munications with them. The British Settlements on the 
Thames will furnish this position. These facts indicate the 
course we ought to pursue. 

1st. These settlements must be broken up and converted 
into a desart or they must be held by a superior force — a force 
competent to controul the inhabitants and to meet any auxiliary 
means General Prevost may detach for the purpose of recov- 
ering what Proctor has lost. Between these two modes of 
proceeding we cannot hesitate — the former is the cheapest and 

2nd. We must conciliate the late hostile tribes and make 
them parties with us in the War. This cannot be done but by 
supplying their wants and by assuring them that their pres- 
ent boundaries shall continue, as though no War had arisen 
between us. 

3rd. Thus engaged, they should be led early in the Spring 
against the British frontier. Let loose upon that and well di- 
rected, we should not by the 1st day of June have a British 

manner of abandoning the seat of government. [Here follows the Governor's message, 
as given above.] 

"On motion of Mr. [Walter] Wilson, [of Kno.x] the Legislative Council came to 
the following resolution : 'Whereas, it hath been represented to this house that his 
excellency the Governor is about to leave the seat of government and go to the town 
of Jeffersonville, in Clark county, — Resolved, therefore, by the Legislative Council and 
House of Representatives, that the committee of enrolled bills be instructed not to 
deliver the enrolled bills to any person except his excellency.' This resolution was sent 
to the House of Representatives for concurrence; the following day the House of Rep- 
resentatives infoiTncd the Council that they had concurred in the above resolution. By 
the above letter and resolution you mu.-t think that the Governor's leaving the scat of 
government met with the disapprobation of the Legislature. 

' ' A Subscriber." 


settler west of Kingston. A question may occur here — under 
what, if any restrictions as to their mode of warfare we ought 
to employ them? This question has in it no difiiculty. Under 
what justification do we employ them at all? The example 
of the enemy. It was not our choice but theirs, and but an 
appeal made to their fears after having unsuccessfully made 
man3^ to their justice. The experiment should therefore have 
fair play. All the horrors brought to our firesides ought to be 
carried to theirs. Nor is this a policy of mere retaliation. The 
settlements in upper Canada abandoned their posts cannot be 
supplied, and will of course be also abandoned. 

General Mason will receive directions to forward supplies 
agreeably to a list which I understand you left with him and 
it will be for you to judge of the quantities of provision and 
ammunition that shall be distributed. Such portions of the 
Ohio Militia as can in your opinion be safely dispensed \^ith 
should be immediately discharged. The 1st and part of the 
24th Regt. of Infantry should be withdra\\Ti, and put on their 
march for Sackett's Harbour. General [Benjamin] Howard's 
opinion may decide what portion of the Rangers may be re- 
tained in Service. If two or more of these be thought useless, 
at St. Louis or its vicinity, two others may be substituted for 
them at Detroit. General Howard will be instructed to take 
your orders. 

I cannot add by anything I can say to the interest you will 
take in filling up the Regiments of the Line which have hith- 
erto formed your Division. Most of these have been raised 
and will be recruited within your District. If any new legis- 
lative measures be taken in relation to the recruiting service 
they shall be immediately communicated. It is worthy of in- 
quiry how many Riflemen could be engaged under the denomi- 
nation of Volunteers, within the State of Kentucky for the en- 
suing campaigii and within what time they could be brought 
to Sackett's Harbour. 

The Horses of [S. G.] Hopkin's troop may be sold and those 
and other articles the property of the public to which you al- 
lude, and which do not appear to be longer useful. A report 
of the articles and the prices at which they shall be sold will 
be sent to this office. The enemy have crossed the Niagara, 
burnt Lewiston and carried Fort Niagara by surprise. These 
new and humiliating circumstances furnish fresh reasons for 


quickness and vigor in the course we adopt for engaging the 
Indians and otherwise defending what your last Campaign 
has given us. Will the fleet be safe at Erie and at put-in-Bay? 
If not, should you not take that circumstance into the account 
and make provision accordingly? .. 

Major Genl. Harrison Cincinnati, 0. 

" ^" - Harrison to Secretary of War 

(No. 102) 

Head Quarters, Pittsburgh, 29th Dec. 1813 

Ear. Pa. 2i8 


You have been informed that the two ships, taken by Como- 
dore Perry from the enemy were left at Put in Bay under the 
protection of a small guard of Infantry. As there can be no 
doubt but the enemy will make every exertion to destroy our 
fleet on Lake Erie and as it can easily be effected with regard 
to these at the Bay without much difficulty, I think we should 
anticipate them and destroy them ourselves. The guns on 
board these vessels would be of immense importance to the 
enemy. Without them they could not arm their vessels, even 
should they succeed in building one or two at Long Point after 
destroying the whole of ours. I think that this subject re- 
quires immediate attention. 

Permit me to remind you of the claims of Col. Smith for the 
command of the contemplated Rifle Brigade. 

Our vessels at Erie should in my opinion be enclosed with 
Picketts, it would not be difficult to efl"ect it. 

I have the Honor to be with gi-eat Respect 
Sir Your Humble Servant 
i William Henry Harrison 
Hon. John Armstrong. Esq Secretary of Wen- 

Secretary of War to Harrison 
f , . ., War Department January 1st 1814 

'■-- -^- -^ ' Har. Pa. 87, 88 


We are advised by Genl. [James] Wilkinson that a corps of 
two thousand five hundred men were pushed up the St. Law- 
rence by forced marches for Kingston. It is less probable that 


this corps is destined against Sackett's Harbour as suggested 
by the General than that it is going westward to re-establish 
the British power on the Detroit or to take the place of corps 
who may have already moved with that intention. 

We are advised also by captain [Jesse D.] Elliott that the 
ships in put-in bay may require some troops for their protec- 
tion during the winter. Of the number of these you ^^ill be 
the most competent judge. The vessels at Erie are also to be 
protected, but for these I shall make provision through the 
Governor of Pennsylvania and by recruits from Pittsburg. 

Genl. [Lewis] Cass's Brigade has suffered a most rapid 
and alarming diminution. At the date of his last Brigade re- 
turn, his rank and file fit for duty did not exceed 470 and this 
is said to have been since reduced to less than half that num- 
ber. An epidemic little, if at all under the control of medi- 
cine, is believed to be the cause. This circumstance and that 
contained on the first paragraph of this letter offer sufficient 
reasons for continuing the Ohio Regiments of Militia in sei'\'- 
ice, until by other calls or by the organization of a Volunteer 
force (which may be better) you may be able to meet the exi- 
gencies of the moment. 

The President bids me to say to you, that on reflection he 
thinks the measure indicated in my last letter with regard to 
the British settlers on the Thames is more severe than may 
be proper and that of course you will change it for the fol- 
lowing viz : to make prisoners and remove to our settlements, 
so many of the male British settlers as may be most disposed 
to do us harm. 
Major Genl. Harrison 

J ' '; J' Secretary of War to Harrison 
:,. • : .- War Department Jany. 8th, 1814 

-t - .-,,= . ^ Har. Pa. S9 


The measure you suggest of burning the ships in Put-in 
Bay can only be resorted to when all others calculated for 
their defense have failed. The ships themselves present a 
heavier battery than any that can be brought against them 
on the ice. If therefore precautions be taken against board- 
ing they may winter securely. Some efficient officer and a 
competent garrison should occupy the Block House. Genl. 


[Lewis] Cass has probably left Detroit for Albany. General 
[Benjamin] Howard should lose no time in pressing forward 
to the former of these places. 

There are about twelve hundred public arms at Cleveland 
with which you will arm any new corps of militia to be called 
out or which, should the enemy continue to ascend the Lake 
and burn the Villages, you may distribute for purposes of de- 
Major Genl. Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department January 11th, 1814 

Har. Pa. 95 


You are authorized to invite the late hostile Indians to a 
Treaty of Peace. Time must be allowed for General Mason 
to get forward his supplies. You v/ill select the place of hold- 
ing the treaty. Fort Wayne suggests itself. Let us know 
•your decision with regard to both time and place as earlj^ as 
Major General Harrison 

' M 'V Secretary of War to Harrison 

; - y _ War Department January 13th 1814 

Har. Pa. 96 


Herewith inclosed you will receive a copy of a requisition 
made by General Cass for a detachment of ]\Iilitia from the 
State of Ohio and a copy of my letter to the Governor on the 
subject. You Avill adopt such further arrangements as the 
good of the service may require. 
Major Genl. Harrison, Cincinnati 

'• • Prevost TO Dickson 

,:' ' Jan. 14, 1813 

Mich. Pio. and Hist. Soc. Pub. XV, 218 

Reposing especial trust in your Zeal, loyalty and ability, I 
have been induced to appoint you to be agent for the Indians 
of the several Nations to the Westward of Lake Huron, by 



Commission dated on the 1st Jany. 1813, \vith a salary of £200 
per Annum payable through the accounts of the Indian De- 
partment and the several allowances of a superintendent to- 
gether with an allowance of £300 A. H. C. per Annum which 
\vi]\ be paid you from another source, to cover all traveling and 
contingent expenses. 

It appears to be highly expedient for the benefit of the Pub- 
lic Welfare in this part of H. M. Dominions that as effective 
an Indian force as practicable should be brought forward next 
spring from amongst the Western Nations, to be employed 
when circumstances may require their Aid in the Province of 
Upper Canada. With a view therefore to accomplish this ob- 
ject and to give greater respectability and efficacy to your 
exertions, you are hereby furnished with a Commission from 
me, and you are required to proceed without delay upon the 

I approve of LaBaye [Green Bay] and Chicago being the 
place of rendezvous for the Indians,, where as many of the 
articles stated in the returns submitted by you to the Confi- 
dential Board at Montreal, as can be furnished will be ordered 
to be sent as early as possible in the spring from Amherstburg 
and Michilimackinac, and you have authority to purchase such 
provisions as maj^ be absolutely necessary for the subsistence 
of the Indians until the several Articles arrive, as also some 
Tobacco & Liquor, to be given them as a regale. When Col- 
lected You will report the same to the Oflicer Commg in Up- 
per Canada, stating to him the Number of Warriors dispos- 
able, and wait instructions for their movements from thence 
according to the Circumstances of the War. 

You have Authority to make such requisitions as may be 
necessary upon H. M. Indian storekeepers or other proper 
officers for such goods and provisions, as from time to time 
shall be Considered needful for the accomplishment of the Ob- 
ject in Viev/, such requisitions being with the Knowledge & 
Concurrence of the Officer Comg. H. M. Forces at the Post 
where the requisition is made. Instructions to this eff'ect will 
be given to the proper Officers by ]\Iajo Genl Sheaffe and Sir 
John Johnson. 

Amable Chevalier the Ottawa Indian will be allowed to ac- 
company you upon your intended excursion and may be con- 
sidered as a Lieut. & Interpreter and receive pay of 5 s. Cur- 
rency per day. Captain Norton may also proceed with you 


from Niagara to Amherstburg, and return as soon as possible 
if Major Genl. Sheaffe can dispense with his services for the 
period he would be absent. 

You will be allowed to employ a number of officers, not ex- 
ceeding Five Who must be men of intelligence and confidence, 
& a Number of Interpreters well versed in the languages of the 
Western tribes not exceeding 15, being in all 20. The Offi- 
cers will hereafter be furnished with Commissions as Lieutts. 
with Provincial rank and the pay of 6s 6d per day and allow- 
ances, The Interpreters will have w^arrants & pay at the 
rate of a Dollar a day & allowances. The above numbers of 
officers and interpreters are mentioned in the Anticipation 
that upwards of 1000 picked Warriors will be Collected. If 
less than that number the Officers and interpreters should be 
in proportion. 

During the period of your present employment it is to be 
understood that you are not to be engaged in any trade what- 
ever, & your appointment is only intended during the war 
with the United States, unless Government should see fit at 
the peace to prolong it. It is also to be understood that the 
subordinate appointments are only to continue during the war. 

In the policy to be strictly observed, in your conduct towards 
the different tribes, it is desirable that you should endeavour 
to conciliate them to act together harmoniousl3^ that you 
should restrain them by all the means in your power from 
acts of Cruelty and inhumanity, encouraging in them a dis- 
position to preserve an alliance of friendship with their great 
father the King of England, by whose special favour they are 
indulged with his protection, and that the presents and other 
comforts they now receive flow from his bounty, in his kind 
consideration to preserve them and their families from the 
miseries to which they are exposed by an Enemy overrunning 
their Country. 

The Indians in General should be instructed to hold out to 
all Americans whether in arms or otherwise that they must 
retire beyond the boundary line fixed by Wajme's treaty and 
that no Americans can be allowed to remain on the Indian 
side of the line, without the risk of being treated as enemies, 
except where reserves have been granted by treaties with the 
Indians, and it is to be clearly understood that the Indians 
. only are to appear as the movers in such proceedings. 

You will report to me from time to time by the most ex- 


peditious route all your proceedings & you will carefully main- 
tain a communication with the ofllcers commg His IMajesty's 
Forces in U. Canada, respecting the success or difficulties 
which may attend the important service j'ou have undertaken. 

George Prevost, Com. of the Forces 
To Robert Dickson 

Gano to Harrison 

Head Quarters, 0. M. Lower Sandusky 

January 17, 1814 

Am. St a. Pa. Mil. Aff. I, 656 

Dear General: 

The disagreeable news from below occasions me to have 
great anxiety for the vessels at Put-in-bay. I proceeded a 
few days ago to Portage, in order to cross to see their situa- 
tion ; the ice prevented my going by water and was not suffi- 
cient to bear. I have, however, been relieved by a visit from 
Lieutenant Champlain, and Doctor Eastman of the navy, who 
came up the night before last and returned yesterday; they 
came over on the ice, though it was very thin in places. The 
lieutenant informs me he has ten seamen and forty soldiers, 
and has his vessels and guns so prepared, that, in case of an 
attack, he can bring about forty to bear from on board and 
a small block-house, on the rocky point of land near the ves- 
sels. I shall, by his request, and my own opinion of the ne- 
cessity of the measure, send a reinforcement of about thirty 
of the regulars from Seneca, as soon as the ice is sufficiently 
strong to bear them. At the fort at Portage I have o:ne hun- 
dred militia, which may render them some assistance if nec- 
essarj'- ; my troops are very much scattered, and I believe every 
post is in a tolerable state of defence. The troops have had 
immense fatigue since they have been out, they are now more 
healthy, and appear in better spirits since two months' pay 
has come on, though nothing will induce them to continue 
longer than their term of service, which expires the last of 
next month. Majors Vance and I\Ieek arrived three days ago 
from Detroit, and have an exalted opinion of the vigilance and 
arrangements of Colonel Butler; the officers Captains Holmes 
and Hill, commanding Maiden and Sandwich, have put them- 
selves in the best possible state of defence. A detachment 
under the command of IMajor Smiley has gone up the river 


Thames. The mihtia at Detroit are discontented, a number 
sick, some dead, etc. I have been hawk and buzzard as to sup- 
plies — the commissary and contractor — and I fear that with 
all the exertions that can be made some of the posts must 
suffer; at Lleigs no flour, and two or three other posts in the 
nearly the same situation. I called on the contractors and 
urged the necessity of immediate supplies, but I cannot rely 
on their promises. The want of forage has nearly destroyed 
all the transport on this line ; I have urged Captain Gardner to 
supply the agent of that department, at this place, with funds 
for that purpose but to no effect. I have been lately very un- 
well, but have recovered, except a lame ancle. As it is un- 
certain where this will meet you, I shall not give a detailed 
account until I know where you are, and will then write more 
fully, and send you a report of the troops under my command. 
I have the honor to be, your most obedient and very humble 
. . , servant, 

John S. Gang 

P. S. Six o'clock P. M. An express from Erie has just ar- 
rived here, a naval officer with a letter from General Cass, and 
a request from Captain Elliot for a reinforcement for Put-in- 
Bay of two hundred men. I have ordered Lieutenant ]\Ic- 
Farland from Seneca with all his effective regulars, about 
thirtj' able to march being all the disposable force I have, 
except a small command at Portage erecting a fortification 
there, from which I will detach a part, though the whole can- 
not make more than a third of the number required. From 
information there is not the least doubt but an attempt will 
be made to take or destroy the vessels; it is the opinion of 
Lieutenant Packet and General Cass also. Will it not be 
proper to send on some regular troops or militia from the in- 
terior without delay? 

John S. Gano 

His Excellency Wm. H. Harrison 

. M, Harrison TO Shelby 

■' ■ Head Quarters Cincinnatti 17th Jany. 1814 

I V. \ From Governor Isaac Shelbi/a "Letter Book B" 45 

^ • Dear Sir ' 

The situation of our frontiers requiring in my opinion all 
the regular Troops to be marched from the interior I must 


request your Excellency to detach a command of one Lieuten- 
ant one Ensign and sixty-five non-Comniissioned Ofllccrs and 
privates to guard the Arsenal and the Prisoners of war at 

I have the honour to be with great respect &. consideration 
: ' , • Your Excellency 

Humble servt. 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
Gov. Isaac Shelby, Frankfort 

; Vm ! ; '. Gang TO Harrison 

;' ' V , " ._ Head Quarters, 0. M. Lo\YER Sandusky, 

:''■■; \ January 25, 1814 

. Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Aff. I, 656 

Dear General: 

Yours of the 16th inst. I received this day, and directed my 
brigade major to make the enclosed report, by which you will 
see the situation of the troops under my command. I have 
issued orders as per enclosed copies. The difficulty in for- 
warding provisions, owing to the impossibility of transporta- 
tion by land, has been and is, severely felt; the troops at 
Meigs have been obliged to take flour from Winchester them- 
selves, there being no other means of transport, and are now 
but scantily supplied; I have urged the contractors on this 
head, but have received nothing but fair promises, until my 
patience is entirely exhausted, and I have directed Mr. Oliver 
to supply. A man from Put-in-bay left here this morning. 
He informs me the detachment I sent on had not been able to 
cross, but are waiting at the point of the peninsula, and will 
cross as soon as possible; I have ordered Major Crooks with 
some militia to cross ; which will make the force there as fol- 
lows : sailors twenty two, Atkins' command forty-two, all now 
there; [Daniel] McFarland with twenty-eight regulars on the 
march, and Crooks with Captain Howel's company, say fortj^ 
which is one hundred and thirty-two, and I have one company 
at the fort at Portage. I fear the provisions at the island are 
not sufficient to support them until the ice will break up to 
afford water transportation to them; and at Portage they de- 
pend on this place for flour, which is scarce; they have, hovr- 
ever, meat enough here. Thus, you see, as before I observed 


to you, we have been between liawk and buzzard — the con- 
tractor and commissary, I am informed the detachment that 
returned to Detroit from the Thames did not succeed in get- 
ting the quantity of provision expected, I am also informed, 
by some officers from Buffalo, that the British were preparing 
a secret expedition; their destination unknown. I am happy 
to inform you every exertion has been made at Detroit, Sand- 
wich, and Maiden to defend those places to the last extremity 
and the commanding officer, since General Cass left there, de- 
serves great credit. Neither of those places will be given up 
without, some fighting; the officers commanding each are in 
high spirits, and have great confidence in their ability to de- 
fend their posts. Some artillery officers have passed on to 
Detroit, and I am of opinion that some active regular officers 
are wanting there, as many have left it. The militia have 
been very much reduced there, as you will see. I must inform 
you I have lost a number of my militia, out of the few I had 
here. I buried at this place fifteen or sixteen, which is as 
gi'eat a proportion as they have lost at Detroit ; and one other 
small part of a company has buried seven. I have never men- 
tioned this part of the subject before, as I thought it best to 
keep it close. I am informed some Canadians attempted to 
cross from Long Point to Put-in-bay, but found the ice in- 
sufficient and returned; their object not known. I assure you 
I have and will continue to use every exertion for the good 
of the service ; I have had the arms, etc. that the Kentuckians 
threw away at Portage collected, and the principal part 
brought to this place, and the cattle and some horses have 
been taken and converted to public use. There is plenty of 
ammunition at Fort Meigs, but it is scarce on this line. I sent 
for powder to Meigs, but our means of transportation was 
such that we only received two hundred pounds half cannon ; 
but I am informed there is a large quantity on board the ves- 
sels fixed and unfixed, and six thousand five hundred stand 
of arms, some field carriages, etc. which I have ordered to be 
brought over as soon as the ice will permit; the roads arc so 
very bad it has been impracticable. I am well satisfied I have 
not been ordered to Detroit, and particularly' as General Cass 
appeared to be opposed to it; and I have had an immense 
trouble in regulating my different posts, and quieting the mur- 
murs of my militia. They are very good, but not such as 1 


used to take the field with when we were first acquainted in 
the former Indian wars. I have ordered to be transmitted to 
the secretary of War the sentence of two general court mar- 
tials, as I (by the articles of war) am authorized to approve 
of the sentence, and have it carried into effect. If those pow- 
ers are delegated to you, sir, please to inform me by the 
bearer. Mr. Sallion, Avho has been stationed at Fort Meigs 
in the commissary's line, can give you much information on 
many points that I cannot at present. General Cass, by my 
request, ordered Colonel Paul to inspect the militia at this 
Post, Portage, Meigs, Findlay, Upper Sandusky, and Mc- 
Arthur, and Captain Moore on the other line, which is com- 
pleted by this time. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect and esteem, your 
most obedient and humble servant. 

John S. Gano 
His Excellency William H. Harrison ^ -m 

P. S. You will see a great diminution of my force, many 
being sick and absent, and I having discharged two companies 
by your order to escort the prisoners, etc. My first report was 
two thousand one hundred and thirty-four, and the amount or- 
dered to Detroit was near six hundred. You see now the 
number of effectives there are amazingly reduced. 

- Shelby TO Harrison 

- ' ■ '• ■ Frankfort January 25th 1814 

Frmn Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A" 17 i 

Dear Sir 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt last evening of 
your favour of the 17th inst., [see above] requiring me to 
order to Newport one Lieutenant, 1 Ensign and sixty-five 
non-Commissioned Officers & privates to guard the Arsenal 
& prisoners of war at that place. 

In consequence of which I have ordered Major General Bos- 
well commanding the division most contiguous to that point 
to detach immediately from his command the force you re- 
quire, and order them to their post of destination without the 
least possible loss of time. 

As you have not stated for what length of time their services 
would be required I have ordered them out for three months 


from the time they arrive at Newport unless sooner discharged 
by your Orders, if therefore it should be necessary to relieve 
this detachment at the expiration of their time of service you 
will be so good as to apprise me in time that it may be effected 
in due season. 

Permit me to congratulate you on your safe arrival to your 
familj'- who I hope you found in good health — I am sure you 
must want rest and trust the cause of your Country will now 
afford you the opportunity to enjoy it at your own fireside — 
I will take this occasion too to thank you for the loan of your 
sorrel horse, and to inform you that I left him in the care of 
General Gano (as you requested) at lower Sandusky he prom- 
ised me to take special care of it and let you know that he 
had him in charge. 

With sincere regard & esteem 
I remain 

Dear Sir '.. 

Your most obt. servt. 

Isaac Shelby 

Genl. Harrison 

Gano to Harrison 

Lo\VER Sandusky, January 27, 1814 

Am. Sia. Pa. Mil. Aff. I, 657 

Dear General: 

Captain Payne has called on me to sanction his drawing 
funds for his department ; I have thought proper to refer him 
to j^ou ; I am informed a good supply of corn may be had near 
a mill forty miles from this. Will it not be advisable to have 
three or four hundred of meal forwarded on to the army? 
The flour the contractor's agent promised, should have been 
here ten days ago, but has not arrived, and owing to the dis- 
appointment we are reduced in that article at this post to 
nineteen barrels Senecca, seventeen Portage. I sent four bar- 
rels there yesterday; at Meigs they are very short, at Win- 
chester they have two or three hundred barrels, but short of 
meat. I must confess I have been completely deceived and 
disappointed by them, they having stated it was on the road. 
I gave them notice 24th December, to have three months' ra- 
tions at different posts for the number of men specified. Cap- 
tain Payne knows the situation ; you will please give him such 


directions as you think proper, on this subject; he ceiiainly 
exerted himself much to my satisfaction, in forwarding pro- 
visions and clothing to Detroit; you know him. If he could 
get leave to settle his accounts it may be best. Excuse this 
suggestion. If you had not arrived in your district, I was 
determined to have sent in every direction and purchased pro- 
visions at all events for the troops in service, and those that 
were to relieve them, but I am happy the arrangement has 
fallen into your hands, for I think I would hang half of the 
quartermasters and all the contractors, if I was to remain in 
sei'vice much longer ; and I am astonished how you have man- 
aged with them to effect the objects you have, for there ap- 
pears no system or regularity with any of them. I have or- 
dered one company more to this place from Findlay, and a 
sergeant, two corporals, and twelve men from Upper Sandusky 
to that post, which is all the force I can order hero from 
this and the centre line. This day's report is eighty sick, at 
Meigs. I am happy to inform you the troops at Detroit are 
recovering, for you see we can afford them but little aid. If 
a successful attempt is made at Put-in bay, (which God for- 
bid, and I think impossible,) we may have a visit from them. 
We will endeavor to give a good account, for my men are in 
high spirits, and I have added much to the strength of this 
place; we are not well supplied with ammunition, but have 
sent for some from the shipping and Franklinton. 
I am, with great respect, your humble servant. 

John S. Gano 

M. Elliott to Glegg 
;•> ■"'■'- ■ Beach 31st January 1814 

" ■ Mich. Hist, and Pio. Soc. Pa. XV, J,Si 


The Indian I\Iessengers I had sent to the Westward arrived 
to day at 12 o'clock Just as I received your letter. 

They brought a Speech on Wampum from their Brethern 
expressing their joy at our success and their anxious wishes 
for our speedy arrival among them, telling their Father that 
they have only taken the Big Knife by his fingers end and 
have spoken to them from the lip outwards and that they are 
always ready to obey their Father's order so soon as given. 
That they are more afraid of the French inhabitants who are 


all armed, than of the American Troops, because if they hear 
of their having received messages from this place they will 
seize their wives & children and put them in confinement. 

The messengers report that the inhabitants have made the 
Indians believe that the Americans had cleared all before them 
to Quebec & that the small remnant was shut up in Quebec 
living on dogs & horses. 

The Americans they suppose are in expectation of a rein- 
forcement at Detroit as a vast number of Hogs & Cattle are 
daily killed & the store kept full. The Detroit with about a 
hundred Shot Holes on her is at Amherstburg ancl all the other 
vessels at Presquisle. This we will be more certain of when 
Captain Caldwell arrives. Our Friends to the westward make 
a demand of arms & ammunition and Vvish us to send about 
forty men loaded with the articles. Arms also & Gunpowder 
are wanted for the people here of the first I secured some from 
Kingston & you can supply the latter. The Stores here will 
othen\ise answer all the demands. 

The Sakies & Foxes as they intend to go to their own coun- 
try are arriving at Detroit, will take their Families with them, 
but as there are not many of them the Expence will not be 
considerable. The other Tribes leave their families here. 
six hundred warriors if wanted are readj^ to cooperate with 
the Troops & only wait the call. 

Upon this point the Lieut Genls further directions are re- 
quested — 

Altho' desirous of manifesting in the name of H. R. H. 
the Prince Regent, his desire to maintain a perfecT:ly good 
understanding with the Western Indians & to protect them 
from the encroachments of the U. S. upon their territory I 
am disposed to relinquish that wish provided Lt. Genl. Drum- 
mond is satisfied that the reasons alleged are Just &, ought 
to be attended to — 

I had almost forgot to mention that I received a few days 
ago a letter on the Subject of the projected Expedition from 
His Honor Lieutenant General Drummond requiring my opin- 
ion about employing only the Delawares & Munscys, and also 
his desire that no useless consumer of provisions should be 
allowed to go along. I certainly am of his & General Riall's 
opinion as to the last but I stated to him on the subject of the 
Munseys & Delawares, that it appeared to me impolitic, & 


might occasion jealousies, & I proposed a selection from all 
the Tribes, amounting to the number that might be required, 
as a step that I was sure would give general satisfaction, 

I am now recruiting slowly & hope in a few days to be able 
to undertake any sei'vice General Riall may wish to be per- 
. I have the honor to be Sir 

Your obedient Humble Servant 

M. Elliott S. I. A. 
To Capt. J. B. Glegg 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department Feby. 5th 1814 

■ Hao: Pa. 97 


Brig. General Howard's destination to Detroit has been sus- 
pended. The state of his health is represented as bad. [he 
died Sept. 18] This may account for your not having heard 
from him. I inclose the substance of Lt. Worley's informa- 

Will it not be well to bring off the guns from the ships at 
Put-in-bay? Were the vessels completely dismantled, they 
would form a small object for the enterprise of the enemy. 

The alarms for the safety of Erie and the shipping there, 
which followed the disasters on the Niagara brought together 
a host of 3000 volunteers and militia. If the passage of the 
Lake be practicable to the enemy why not to us also? 1000 
of the Volunteers may cross over to long-point and break up 
that establishment. Orders to this effect have been given. 
Major General Harrison 

Gano to Harrison 

Lower Sandusky, February, 10, 1814 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Af. I, 657 

Dear General: 

The day before yesterday I returned from Foii: Meigs, after 
making some necessaiy arrangements there. I have one addi- 
tional company of men at Portage, who have orders to cross, 
as soon as the ice will admit, which will fill the complement 
required. They marched from Fort Findlay; the man who 


floated off on a cake of ice is safe. It wafted him to the ice 
fast to the island a singular escape. I believe the vessel safe, 
but will be ready to afford all the protection in my power. I 
have been obliged to discharge some men who had certificates 
of having served a month last summer a year. The men are 
all anxious to be relieved; they have had a busy tour, and 1 
would be glad to have those at the island relieved before, or 
by the time their term of service expires ; and if those on this 
line could be mustered at Upper Sandusky, if you approve can 
deposite their arms there, and those of Detroit and Meigs 
could be mustered at Winchester or St. i\Iary's. I will await 
your orders on this subject, and if I remain alone will keep 
this post until relieved or ordered away, though I feel anxious 
to see my family, and particularly on account of the indisposi- 
tion of a part of it. 

I have ordered the arms from this to Franklinton that want 
repair, and if you advise tents and camp kettles, axes, etc., 
could be sent in by return wagons. There has been no pos- 
sible way of removing the six or seven thousand stand of arms, 
etc, etc, from the vessels. My brigade major has not been 
able to return, and I think there has been a kind interposition 
of Providence in the protection of the vessels. This winter, 
provision has been extremely scanty ; we have been reduced to 
half a barrel flour here, but I ordered from Seneca three bar- 
rels, and purchased or borrowed two or three for the company. 
At Portage, and at Fort Meigs, they were four days without, 
though twenty-four barrels arrived there the night before I 
left there, and more expected. Mr. Oliver informs me, sup- 
plies will shortly be on to this place ; you must have received 
the news from Detroit as late as this, therefore I will not com- 
municate. Please present my compliments to your good lady 
and familj'', and believe me to be, with much esteem. 

Your most obedient humble servant 

John S. Gano 
To His Excellency Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department Feby 10th 1814 

'- Har. Pa. 98 


Your letter of Dec 24th addressed to the Department of 


State has boon referred to this Department and conformably 
to your offer, I have to request you to forward charges with 
such evidence as you may possess, relative to the mal-conduct 
of John Sibley, Indian agent at Natchiteches. 
Wm. H. Harrison 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jefferson viLLE, 17th Feb. 1814 

■ - Har. Pa. 281, 282 


I herewith inclose to you an annual return of the militia 
of this Territory, the aggregate of which including officers, 
commissioned and non-commissioned and rank and file, will 
amount to 5017. This number I thought sufficient to form 
three divisions six brigades and twelve regiments. The num- 
ber as well as the large extent of the Territory and dispersed 
situation of the militia would justify it and the Territory is 
increasing very fast in population. A consideration of the 
foregoing circumstances, together with the more practical 
mode of discipline has induced me to the formation of the 
militia in the manner mentioned. 

I have not yet completed my selection of General officers, 
but shall make out a list and transmit to you in a few weeks, 
to be commissioned by the President. [The return was not 

I have the honor to be with much respect 
Your obt. and Humble Servant. 

Th. Posey 
Gen. John Armstrong Sect, of War 

P. S. The Adjutant General informs me he has inclosed 
the annual return of the militia a few days since. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department March 2nd 1814 

Har. Pa. 99 


I had the honor of receiving your letter of the 13th ult. As 
a general principle it cannot be doubted but that the Govern- 
ment has a right to dispose of the Officers of the Army as they 
may think best for the public interest because (among other rea- 
sons) they alone can be acquainted with all the demands made 


upon them by that interest. The utmost therefore that either 
reason or economy requires of them is to advertise the ofBcer 
commanding a District of the abstractions which pubhc poHcy 
makes necessary from his command. The order in question 
was a notice of "this sort" and of course strictly an observance 
of military usage. Had it been sent through you to General 
Howard, the objects of Government might have been hazarded 
by the delay which would have necessarily attended this mode 
of transmission. The fact out of which it grew is that Gen- 
eral Flournoy had sought a recall from New Orleans and that 
in casting about for a successor General Howard was selected. 
Major General Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department March 3rd 1814 

Har. Pa. 100 


Governor Cass and some of the members of Congress from 
the State of Ohio have suggested as part of the arrangement 
to be made with the Indian tribes at the ensuing treaty — a 
commutation of land: for instance, that the Wyandots, Dela- 
wares and Shawonese should on relinquishment of their for- 
mer settlements and removal to the country between the Mis- 
sissippi and Illinois Rivers, be established therein. The pol- 
icy of separation would, in theory as well as practice, be 
useful. So long as their settlements and ours actually touch 
each other collisions are to be feared. The policy also of keep- 
ing our own line of settlements unbroken, is obviously sound. 
How far the Indians may be disposed to meet us on these 
grounds is questionable. On this point make the necessary 
inquiries and communicate the result in time to shape the 
instructions which it may be proper to give on the subject. 

Your letter stating that you had deputed ]\Ir. [John] John- 
ston to hold a preliminary meeting with the Indians has been 
Major Genl. Harrison 

Elliott to Stewart 

, • ' Delaware March 4th, 1814 


I have this day had a meeting with the Indians, on the sub- 


ject of carrying a quantity of ammunition to their friends 
within the American Territory. The result is that they re- 
fuse to proceed with the ammunition on the ground that our 
regular troops do not advance further than the Settlements 
on the River Thames, and of course would be of no use in pro- 
tecting their friends, in the enemies country. The Americans 
might hear of these supplies being sent to the Indians & the 
consequence would be fatal, perhaps to their whole Tribes. 
They would therefore rather suffer for want of ammunition, 
than endanger themselves or their families. 

I am &c. 

M. Elliott 
To Col. Alexander Stewart 

Holmes TO Butler 

Fort Covington, March 10th, 1814 

HistoHcal Register IV, i-9 


I have the honor to submit in writing, that the expedition 
sent under my command against the enemy's posts by your 
special orders of the 21st ultimo, had the good fortune on the 
4th instant to meet and subdue a force double its own, fresh 
from the barracks, and led by a distinguished officer. 

I had been compelled to leave the artillery, by the invincible 
difficulties of the route from Point au Plait to the Round 0. 
No wheel carriage of any kind had ever attempted it before, 
and none will ever pass it until the brush and fallen timber 
are cut away, and the swamp causewayed or drained. After 
joining captain [William] Gill, I began the march for Fort 
Talbot, but was soon convinced of its being impossible to reach 
the post, in time to secure any foi'ce which might be there or 
adjacent. This conviction, united with the information that 
the enemy had a force at Delaware upon the Thames, that I 
should be expected at Fort Talbot, and consequently that a 
previous descent upon Delaware might deceive the foe, and 
lead him to expose me some point in defending others he 
might think menaced, and coupled with the possibility that 
he.'U'ing of captain Gill's march to the Round 0, by M'Gregor's 
militia, whom he had pursued, a detachment had descended 
the Thames to intercept him, determined me to exercise the 


discretion allowed by the order, and to strike at once upon 
the river. 

On the 3d instant, when only fifteen miles from Delaware, 
we received intelligence that the enemy had left Delaware 
with the intention of descending the river, and that we should 
probably meet him in one hour; that his force consisted of a 
light company from the Royal Scots, mustering for duty 120 
men; a light company from the 89th regiment of foot (effi- 
ciency not Imown) ; Caldwell's Indian and M'Gregor's mili- 
tia: amounting all to about 300 men. My command originally 
had not exceeded 180 rank and file. Hunger, cold, and fatigue 
had brought on disease, and though none died, all were ex- 
ceedingly depressed, and sixteen had been ordered home as 
unable to continue the march. I resolved therefore to avoid 
the conflict on equal gi'ounds, and immediately retreated five 
miles for the sake of a good position, on the western bank of 
the Twenty Mile Creek, leaving Captain Gill with twenty 
rangers to cover the rear, and to watch the enemy's motions. 
We had encamped but a few minutes, when captain Gill joined, 
after exchanging shots with the enemy's advance, in vainly 
attempting to reconnoitre his force. The Twenty Mile Creek 
runs from north to south, through a deep and wide ravine, 
and of course, is flanked east and west by lofty heights. My 
camp was formed upon the western heights. The enemy's 
upon the opposite. During the night of the 3d all was quiet. 
At sun-rise on the 4th, the enemy appeared thinly upon the 
opposite hights, fired upon us without effect, and vanished. 
After waiting some time for their re-appearance lieutenant 
[John] Knox of the rangers was sent to reconnoitre. On his 
return, he reported that the enemy had retreated Avith the 
utmost precipitation, leaving his baggage scattered upon the 
road, and that his trail and fires made him out not more than 
seventy men. Tvlortified at the supposition of having retro- 
graded from this diminutive force, I instantly commenced 
the pursuit, with the design of attacking Delaware before 
the opening of another day. We had not however proceeded 
beyond five miles, when captain [Stephen] Lee, commanding 
the advance, discovered the enemy in considerable force, ar- 
ranging himself for battle. The symptons of fear and flight 
were now easily traced to the purpose of seducing me from the 
heights, and so far the plan succeeded. But the enemy failed 



, to improve the advantage. If he had thrown his chief force 
across the ravine above the road, and occupied our camp when 
rehnquished, thus obstructing my communication to the rear, 
I should have been driven upon Delaware against a superior 
force, since found to be stationed, or forced to take the wilder- 
ness for Fort Talbot, without forage or provisions. Heaven 
averted this calamity. We soon regained the position at 
Twenty Mile Creek, and though the rangers were greatly dis- 
heartened by the retreat, and to a man insisted upon not 
fighting the enemy, we decided an exhibit to that spot the 
: scene of death or victory. 

I was induced to adopt the order of the hollow square, to 
prevent the necessity of evolution, which I knew all the troops 
- were incompetent to perform in action. The detachments of 
the 24th and 28th infantry occupied the brow of the heights. 
The detachment from the garrison of Detroit formed the 
north front of the square, the rangers the west, and the mili- 
tia the south. Our houses and baggage stood in the centre. 
The enemy threw his militia and Indians across the ravine 
above the road, and commenced the action with savage yells 
and bugles sounding from the north, west, and south. His 
regulars at the same time charged dov/n the road from the 
opposite heights, crossed the bridge, and charged up the 
heights we occupied within twenty steps of the American 
line, and against the most destructive fire. But his front sec- 
tion was shot to pieces. Those who followed were much 
thinned and wounded. His officers were soon cut down, and 
his antagonists continued to evince a degree of animation that 
be-spoke at once their boldness and security. He therefore 
abandoned the charge, and toolc cover in the woods at diffused 
order, between fifteen, twenty, and thirty paces of our line, 
and placed all hope upon his ammunition. 

Our regulars, being uncovered, were ordered to kneel that 
the brow of the heights might partly screen them from the 
enemy's view. The firing increased on both sides with great 
vivacity. But the crisis was over. I knew the enemy dared 
not uncover, and of course no second charge would be at- 
tempted. On the north, west, and south front the firing had 
been sustained with much coolness, and with considerable loss 
to the foe. Our troops on those fronts being protected by 
logs, hastily thrown together, and the enemy not charging 


both the rifle and the musket were aimed at leisure, perhaps 
always told. The enemj^ at last became persuaded that Pi'ov- 
idence had sealed the fortune of the day. His cover on the 
east front was insufficient; for as he had charged in column 
of sections, and therefore, when dispersing on either side of 
the road, was unable to extend his flanks and as our regulars 
presented an extended front from the beginning, it is evident 
that a common sized tree could not protect even one man, 
much less the squads that often stood and breathed their last 
together; and yet upon his regulars the enemy relied for vic- 
tory. In concert therefore, and favored by the shades of twi- 
light, he commenced a general retreat after one hour's close 
and gallant conflict. 

I did not pursue, for the following reasons. 1. We had tri- 
umphed against numbers and discipline, and were therefore 
under no obligation of honour to incur additional hazard. 2. 
In these requisites (numbers and discipline) the enemy were 
still superior, and the night would have insured success to an 
ambuscade. 3. The enemy's bugle sounded the close upon the 
opposite heights. If then we had pursued, we must have 
passed over to him as he did to us, because the creek could 
be passed on horseback at no other point, and tlie troops being- 
fatigued and frost bitten, and their shoes cut to pieces by the 
frozen ground, it v/as not possible to pursue on foot. It fol- 
lows, that the attempt to pursue would have given the enemy 
the same advantage that produced the defeat. 

Our loss in killed and wounded amounted to a non-commis- 
sioned oflicer and six privates; but the blood of between 80 
and 90 brave Englishmen, and among the 4 officers, avenged 
their fall. The commander, captain Barden of the 89th, is 
supposed to have been killed at an early stage of the contest. 
The whole American force in action consisted of one hundred 
and fifty rank and file, of whom seventy were militia, includ- 
ing the rangers. The enemy's regulars alone were from one 
hundred and fifty to one hundred and eighty strong, and his 
militia and Indians fought upon three fronts of our square. 

I am much indebted to all my regular officers, and trust 
their names will be mentioned to the army and to the war 
department. Without intending a discrimination it must be 
acknowledged that the exertions of lieutenant [John C] 
Kouns and [William] Henry of the 28th and [Hezekiah] Jack- 


son and [John C] Potter of the 24th were most conspicuous, 
because fortune had opposed them to the main strength of the 
foe. Captain Lee of the Michigan dragoons was of great as- 
sistance before the action at the head of the advance and spies, 
and my warmest thanks are due to acting saiHng-master Darl- 
ing of the United States schooner Somers, who had volun- 
teered to command the artillery. Ensign Heard of the 28th, 
acting as volunteer adjutant, merits my acknowledgments, and 
especially for his zeal in defending my opinion against a final 
retreat, when others permitted their hopes to sink beneath the 
pressure of the moment. 

The enemy's wounded and prisoners were treated with the 
utmost humanity. Though some of our men were marching 
in their stocking feet, they were not permitted to take a shoe 
even from the dead. 

I have the honor, to be with perfect respect, sir, your most 
obedient servant, 

(Signed) A. H. Holmes 

Cwptain 2Uth Infantry 

Lieutenant-Colonel [Robert] Butler, commanding the Tcrn- 
tory of Michigan mid its dependencies 

Harrison to Secretary of War 

H. Q. Cincinnati, March 22nd, 1814 
' ■ , McAfee, TJie Late War, ^3-^7 


The tribes of Indians upon this frontier and east of the Mis- 
sissippi, with whom the U. S. have been connected by treaty, 
are the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoese, Miamies, Potawat- 
amies, Ottawas, Chippewas, Piankasshaws, Kaskaskias, and 
Sacs. All but the two last were in the confenderacy, which 
carried on the former Indian war against the United States, 
that was terminated by the peace of Greenville. The Kaskas- 
kias were parties to the treaty, but they had not been in the 
war. The Wyandots are admitted by the others to be the 
leading tribe. They hold the grand calumet, which unites 
them and kindles the council fire. This tribe is nearly equally 
divided between the Crane at Sandusky, who is the grand 
Sachem of the nation, and Wal-in-the-Water at Brownstown, 
near Detroit. They claim the lands, bounded by the settle- 
ments of this state, southwardly and eastwardly ; and by lake 


Erie, the Miami river, and the claim of the Shawanoeso upon 
the Auglaize, a branch of the latter. They also claim the 
lands they live on near Detroit, but I am ignorant to what 

The Wyandots of Sandusky have adhered to us through the 
war. Their chief, the Crane, is a venerable, intelligent, and 
upright man. Within the tract of land claimed by the Wyan- 
dots a number of Senecas are settled. They broke off from 
their own tribe six or eight years ago, but receive a part of 
the annuity granted that tribe by the U. States, by sending 
a deputation for it to Buffaloe. The claim of the Wyandots 
to the lands they occupy, is not disputed, that I know of by any 
other tribe. Their residence on it however, is not of long 
standing, and the country was certainly once the property of 
the Miamies. 

Passing westwardly from the Wyandots, we meet with the 
Shawonese settlement at Stony creek, a branch of the big 
Miami, and at Wapockaunata on the Auglaize. These set- 
tlements were made immediately after the treaty of Green- 
ville, and with the consent of the Miamies, whom I consider 
the real owners of those lands. The chiefs of this band of 
Shawanoese, Blackhoof, Wolf, and Lewis, are attached to us 
from principle as well as interest — they are honest men. 

The Miamies have their principal settlements at the forks 
of the Wabash, thirty miles from fort Wayne; and at Missis- 
sineway, thirty miles lower down. A band of them under 
the name of weas, have resided on the Wabash sixty miles 
above Vincennes ; and another under the Turtle on Eel river, 
a branch of the Wabash, twenty miles northwest of fort 
Wayne. By an artifice of the Little Turtle these three bands 
were passed on general Wayne as distinct tribes, and an an- 
nuity was granted to each. The Eel river and Weas however 
to this day call themselves Miamies, and are recognized as 
such by the Mississineway band. The Miamies, Maumees, or 
Tewicktovies, are the undoubted proprietors of all that beau- 
tiful country which is watered by the Wabash and its branches ; 
and there is as little doubt, that their claim extended at least 
as far east as the Scioto. They have no tradition of removing 
from any other quarter of the country ; where as all the neigh- 
boring tribes, the Piankishaws, excepted, who are a branch 
of the Miamies, are either intruders upon them, or have been 


permitted to settle in their country. The Wyandots emigi'ated 
first from lake Ontario, and subsequently from lake Huron — 
the Delawares, from, Pennsylvania and i\Iaryland — the Shaw- 
anoese from Georgia — the Kickapoos and Potawatamios from 
the country between lake IMichigan and the Mississippi — and 
the Ottawas and Chipewas from the penninsula formed by 
the lakes IMichigan, Huron, and St. Clair, and the streight 
connecting the latter with Erie. The claims of the Miamies 
were bounded on the north and west by those of the Illinois 
confederacy, consisting originally of five tribes, called Kas- 
kaskias, Cahokias, Peorians, IMichiganians, and Temarois, 
speaking the Miami language, and no doubt branches of that 

When I was first appointed governor of Indiana Territory, 
these once pov*'erful tribes were reduced to about thirty war- 
riors, of whom twenty-five were Kaskaskias, four Peorians, 
and a single Michiganian. There was an individual lately 
alive at St. Louis, who saw the enumeration made of them 
by the Jesuits in the year 1745, making the number of war- 
riors four thousand. A furious war between them and the 
Sacs and Kickapoos, reduced them to that miserable remnant, 
which had taken refuge amongst the white people of the towns 
of Kaskaskia and St. Genevieve. The Kickapoos had fixed 
their principal village at Peoria, upon the south bank of the 
Illinois river, whilst the Sacs remained masters of the coun- 
try to the north. 

During the war of our revolution, the Miamies had invited 
the Elickapoos into their country to assist them against the 
whites, and a considerable village was formed by that tribe 
on the Vermillion river near its junction with the Wabash. 
After the treaty of Greenville, the Delawares had with the 
approbation of the INIi amies, removed from the mouth of the 
Auglaize to the head waters of White river, a large branch 
of the Wabash and the Potawatamies without their consent 
had formed two villages upon the latter river, one at Tippe- 
canoe, and the other at Chippoy twentj^-five miles below. 

The Piankishaws lived in the neighbourhood of Vinconnes, 
which was their ancient village, and claimed the lands to the 
mouth of the Wabash, and to the north and west as far as the 
Kaskaskians claimed. Such was the situation of the tribes, 
when I received the instructions of President Jefi"ersou shortly 


after his first election, to make efforts for extinguishing the 
Indian claims upon the Ohio, below the mouth of the Ken- 
tucky river, and to such other tracts as were necessary to 
connect and consolidate our settlements. It was at once de- 
termined, that the community of interests in the lands amongst 
the Indian tribes, which seemed to be recogiiized by the treaty 
of Greenville, should be objected to; and that each individual 
tribe should be protected in every claim that should appear 
to be founded in reason and justice. But it was also deter- 
mined, that as a measure of policy and liberality, such tribes 
as lived upon any tract of land which it would be desirable 
to purchase, should receive a portion of the compensation, al- 
though the title might be exclusively in another tribe. Upon 
this principle the Delawares, Shawanoese, Potawatamies, and 
Kickapoos were admitted as parties to several of the treaties. 
Care was taken however, to place the title to such tracts as it 
might be desirable to purchase hereafter, upon a footing that 
would facilitate the procuring of them, by getting the tribes 
who had no claim themselves, and who might probably inter- 
fere, to recognize the titles of those who were ascertained to 
possess them. 

This was particularly the case with regard to the lands wa- 
tered by the Wabash, which were declared to be the property 
of the Miamies, with the exception of the tract occupied by 
the Delawares on White river, which was to be considered the 
joint property of them and the ]\Iiamies, This arrangement 
was ver}^ much disliked by Tecumseh, and the banditti that 
he had assembled at Tippecanoe. He complained loudly, as 
well of the sales that had been made, as of the principle of 
considering a particular tribe as the exclusive proprietors of 
any part of the country, which he said the Great Spirit had 
given to all his red children. Besides the disaffected amongst 
the neighboring tribes, he had brought together a considera- 
ble number of Winebagoes and Folsovoins from the neighbor- 
hood of Green Bay, Sacs from the IMississippi, and some Ot- 
tawas and Chipewas from Abercrosh on Lake Llichigan. These 
people were better pleased with the climate and country of 
the Wabash, than with that they had left. 

The Miamies, resisted the pretensions of Tecumseli and his 
followers for some time, but a system of terror was adopted, 
and the young men were seduced by eternally placing before 


them a picture of labor, and restriction as to hunting, to which 
the system adopted inevitably would lead. The Potawatamies 
and other tribes inhabiting the Illinois river and south of lake 
Michigan, had been for a long time approaching gradually 
towards the Wabash. Their country, which was never abun- 
dantly stocked with game, was almost exhausted of it. The 
fertile regions of the Wabash still afforded it. It was repre- 
sented, that the progressive settlements of the whites upon 
the that river would soon deprive them of their only resource 
and indeed would force the Indians of that river upon them, 
who were already half starved. 

It is a fact, that for many years the current of emigration, 
as to the tribes east of the Mississippi, has been from north 
to south. This is owing to two causes; the diminution of 
those animals from which the Indians procure their support; 
and the pressure of the two great tribes, the Chippewas and 
Sioux to the north and west. So long ago as the treaty of 
Greenville, the Potawatamies gave notice to the Miamies, that 
they intended to settle upon the Wabash. They made no pre- 
tensions to the countrj^, and their only excuse for the intended 
aggression, was that "they were tired of eating fish, and 
wanted meat." It has been already observed that the Sacs 
had extended themselves to the Illinois river, and that the set- 
tlement of the Kickapoos at the Peorias was of modern date. 
Previously to the commencement of the present war, a con- 
siderable number had joined their brethren upon the Wabash. 
The Tawas from the Des Moins river have twice made at- 
tempts to get a footing here. 

From these facts it will be seen, that it will be nearly im- 
possible to get the Indians south of the Wabash to go beyond 
the Illinois river. The subject of providing an outlet to such 
of the tribes as it might be desirable to remove, has been un- 
der consideration for many years. There is but one. It was 
long since discovered by the Indians themselves, and but for 
the humane policy which has been pursued by our government, 
the Delawares, Kickapoos and Shawanoese would long since 
have been out of our way. The country claimed by the Osages 
abounds with everything that is desirable to a savage. The 
Indians of the tribes above mentioned have occasionally in- 
truded upon them — a war was the consequence, which would 
soon have given a sufficient opening for emigration. But our 


government interfered and obliged the hostile tribes to make 

I was afterward instructed to endeavour to get the Dela- 
wares to join that part of their tribe, which is settled on the 
west side of the Mississippi near Cape Girardeau. The at- 
tempt was unsuccessful at the time. I have no doubt how- 
ever, that they could be prevailed on to move; but it ought 
not in my opinion to be attempted in a general council of the 

The question of the title to the lands south of the Wabash 
has been thoroughly examined: every opportunity was af- 
forded to Tecumseh and his party to exhibit their pretensions, 
and they were found to rest upon no other basis, than that 
of their being the common property of all the Indians. The 
Potawatamies and Kickapoos have unequivocally acknowl- 
edged the Miami and Delaware title. The latter as I before 
observed can I think be induced to remove. It may take a 
year or eighteen months to effect it. The Miamies will not 
be in our way. They are a poor, miserable, drunken set, di- 
minishing every year. Becoming too lazy to hunt, they feel 
the advantage of their annuity. The fear of the other In- 
dians has alone prevented them from selling their whole claim 
to the United States; and as soon as there is peace, or the 
British can no longer intrigue, they will sell. I know what 
inducements can be held out to the Wyandots to remove ; they 
were not formerly under my superintendence, but I am per- 
suaded that a general council would not be the place to at- 
tempt it. 

I have the honor, &c. &c. „,,, tt tt.^^ ^,. 

' Wm. H. Harrison 

Glaus to Loring 

York 28th March 1814 

Mich. Hist, and Pion. Soc. Pub. XV, 525 


I received a letter yesterday from Colonel [Matthev^'] Elliott 
of the 25th Instant. I herewith transmit for the information 
of His Honor Lieut General Drummond. I have directed 
Colonel Elliott to send off the runners immediately to Mar- 
pock & the Potawatamies. 

Col. Elliott ought to know the strength of the Nations that 
is said to have joined the Enemy, but I am at a loss to know 


where they can have such a force. I know the Hurons are 
very weak & most of the Shawanese moved some years ago 
to the West of the Mississippi, the Delawarcs whose place of 
residence is on the Eel River near the head of the Wabashe are 
the strongest Nation, but the distance is so great that I should 
doubt very much their coming forward with the enemy. The 
want of Wampum is very great as no business can be done 
with Indians without it, a Requisition was send down more 
than twelve months ago for that article, but none was re- 

I also put under cover a letter from Major Givins of the 
23d instant addressed to me on the subject of Rations being 
issued to the families of officers of the Indian Department. I 
beg leave to submit the same to His Honor the president hop- 
ing that the same indulgence may be granted to the Indian 
Department that this order gives to the Staff & Army in the 

I have the honor to be Sir 
. Your most obedient humble Servant. 

• W. Claus, D. S. G. 
To Capt. Robert R. Loring 

■ ;_" ■ :• Posey Convening Assembly 

April 4, 1814 

, Western Sun, Apr. 16, 18H 


WHEREAS, congress has passed an act to establish the 
mode of laying off the territory of Indiana into districts for 
the election of its members of the legislative council ; 

Now be it known to all concerned that I, Thomas Posey, 
governor and commander in chief in and over the Indiana 
territory, by virtue of the above recited act, do issue this my 
proclamation, requiring that the members of the house of rep- 
resentatives of said territory do convene at Corydon, the seat 
of government, on Wednesday, the first day of June' ensuing, 
then and there to take up the subject of the aforesaid act, 
agreeable to the intent and meaning thereof. 

Given under my hand and seal at the town of JefTersonville, 
this 4th day of April, in the year of our Lord, 1814. 

^' ■■ :. Th: Posey 


. ^ ' , John Johnston to Huffman 

PiQUA, Ohio April 12, 1814 

Har. Pa. 285, 286 

Dear Sir : 

Agreeabl}^ to my promise made to you when last at this 
place, I now communicate the result of my enquiries after 
your chiled. I am sorry indeed that the prospect of getting 
him is so remote, had he remained in the custody of the In- 
dians I would have had the happiness of shortly restoring him 
to you. [See Mar. 24 and Apr. 1, 1813, above] 

The following is a true copy of a certificate which I yester. 
day received from Saint Joseph of Lake Michigan relative tc 
my inquiries : 

We do hereby certify that we are known to a delivery 
made unto Captain Charles Roberts in the service of his 
Britance Majesty commanding at the Island of Mickel- 
imackinac by Joseph Bailly a British Trader from the 
River Saint Joseph of a Prisoner Boy named Peter, 
(the surname unknown to us), about six years old, fair 
.'. complexion, and sandy hair taken at the River Ohio, by 

Saw Omock or the yellow Beaver in the month of march 

(signed) John W. Burn^^tte 
(signed) Antone Quitmot 

dated mouth of the River Saint Joseph March 20, 1814 

Thus you see now it is out of my power to take any farther 
step for the recovery of your child he being now in the pos- 
session of the British, it is possible that Capt. Roberts motive 
in taking the child was a good one, and that he may intend 
to have him restored to his people. 

I have thought that the best course to pursue under existing 
circumstances as Mackinac will probably be abandoned by the 
English this spring would be for you to apply to M. [Jona- 
than] Jennings the delegate from your Teriitory, or to Gov- 
ernor Posey, deliver this letter, and ask them to apply to the 
secretary of War, forwarding this letter at the same time to 
him, and procure the interference of the Government in your 
behalf, the proper course in my opinion would be to instruct 
the commanding general near the Head of Lake Ontario or 
on the Niagara Strait to apply to the British General com- 


manding in that quarter, for the release of your son. Capt. 
Roberts will be somewhere in that country you ought to for- 
ward an accurate description of your son and this letter should 
accompany the same to the War office. I have no doubt small 
as the case is but the head of the War Department will in- 
terest himself for you. The presumption is if Capt. Roberts 
is ordered to evacuate the Fort at IMacldnac he will take the 
boy down with him. 

Wishing that you may soon have the happiness of behold- 
ing your child again I remain with much respect. [See 
Ketcham's narrative end of 1812 above] 

Your most Ob. Servant 

John Jopinston, Indian Agent 
Mr. Benjamin Huffman near Charleston Clarke County In- 
diana Territory 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 21st. 1814 

Har. Pa. 101, 102 


I have the honor to aclmowledge the receipt of your letters 
of the 30th ult. and 10th inst. [Not found] Of the ti?»c and 
place of holding the treaty, you will yourself decide — taking 
as your guides, the economy in the one case that may be found 
in delajdng it until green forage will do away [with] the ne- 
cessity for dry and the public safety as well as convenience in 
the other of holding it without the limits, but not remote from 
our own settlements. The President approves your ideas of 
not mingling with the question of peace any proposals for 
either buying or exchanging lands. 

P. S. Capt. [John] O'Fallon may remain with you as your 
aid. The new law on this subject permits captains to be taken 
as the aids of Major Generals — Lieuts, of Brigadiers. 
Major General Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

- War Department April 22d, 1814 

:■ • ^: "' '.: ■ , • Har. Pa. 102, 10 It 


Mr. [B. G.] Orr, the contractor, has presented abstracts 


to a considerable amount, on v/hich monies liave been advanced 
to him on account. Circumstances however induce a belief 
that a considerable quantity of the provision represented by 
these abstracts have been purchased by agents of your appoint- 
ment and with public money advanced to them here. It is 
important that the fact in its whole extent and in its details 
should be ascertained and reported to this Department with as 
little delay as possible. Permit me to invite your attention to 
this subject and to hope from it the means of judging how 
far we have been and shall hereafter be safe in making ad- 
vances to this contractor. Part of the information must come 
from Detroit. 
Major Genl. Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 23d 1814 

Har. Pa. 103 


I have the honor to inclose a letter from John Mason Esq. 
Comd. Genl. of Prisoners announcing the President's inten- 
tion of releasing on parole the British Prisoners, hostages 
in Kentucky, Pittsburg &c. The object of this note is to ask 
you to assign some discreet officer of our army to accompany 
them on their march to the frontier; to indicate the route 
most convenient for them and for us, and the place at which 
they may be passed over to a post of the enemy. Can they 
go from Erie? or must they go to Niagara? The form of 
the parole to be signed by them is inclosed. The prisoners at 
Pittsburg ^nll be retained until those coming from Kentucky 
will arrive there (Pittsburg). They will then go on together. 
Genl. Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 2oth 181 1 

Hur. Pa. 105 


I have the honor to inclose the copy of an order [not found] 
sent directly to Detroit for the purpose of saving time in the 
arrangements necessary to its execution. I am &c. &c. 
Major Genl. Harrison 


Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department April 29tli 1814 

Har. Pa. 106 


There are reasons for discontinuing all purchases made by 
commissaries. You will therefore be pleased to give your 
orders accordingly and direct supplies to be made by the con- 
tractor. The commissaries will send in their accounts for 
purchases made by them and accompany them by the neces- 
sary vouchers. If any abstracts for provisions of their pro- 
curing have been put into the hands of IMr. [B. C] Orr, or of 
any Deputy of his, the amount will be reported. 
Major Genl. Harrison 

Harrison to Shelby 

Head Quarters Cincinnatti May 2d 1814 
From GovoiTior Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book B" 49 

Dear Sir 

The term of service for which the militia at Newport were 
called out being about to expire, I have to request of your Ex- 
cellency to have detailed from the militia of your State, one 
Captain, one first Lieutenant one Second Lieutenant one third 
Lieutenant one Ensign five Sergeants, six Corporals, two 
musicians and ninety privates to relieve those now serving at 
New Port as a guard to the British Prisoners. 

As the engagements of those now in service will expire 
about the 12 or 15 inst., it is important that the new detach- 
ment should be pushed on as soon as possible. 

Until this day I had supposed that I had written to you be- 
fore on this subject but upon examining my papers I find that 
I was mistaken 

I am Dear Sir with great truth your devoted friend 

WiLLM. Henry Harrison 
His Excellency Isaac Shelby Governor of Kenhi.chij 

Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort 5th ]\lay 1814 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A" 185 

Dear Sir: 

I have to acknowledge the r(>ceipt this moment of your fa- 


voiir of the 2nd inst., conformable to which I have issued my 
order to l\Iajor General Wm. E. Boswell to direct the organ- 
ization and march from his Division as speedily as possible 
a detachment of militia to the amount of your requisition, 
for the purpose of guarding the British prisoners at New Port 
for another term of three months. 

I have great doubts whether they can arrive in time to re- 
lieve those now on duty before the expiration of their term 
of service, but everything will be done (that can) to expedite 
their march — As those now on duty are volunteers and it 
being too late for them to engage in any business for the pres- 
ent season I think it most probable that they will cheerfully 
continue another tenor of ninety days or at least until they are 
duly relieved by the new guard — I have therefore directed 
Genl. Boswell to continue as many of the detachment now on 
duty as will consent to serve other ninety days. 

With sentiments of sincere friendship and esteem I have 
the honor to be 

your most obt. ser\i:. 

Isaac Shelby 
His Excellency Major General Wi^i. Henry Harrison 

Harrison to the President 


Head-quarters, Cincinnati, May 11, 1814 

The Tippecanoe Text Book, It9 [Niks' Regisicr] 

Dear Sir — I have this day forwarded to the secretary of war 
my resignation of the commission I hold in the army. [Not 

This measure has not been determined on, without a refer- 
ence to all the reasons which should influence a citizen, who 
is sincerely attached to the honor and interests of his coun- 
try; who believes that the war in which we are engaged is 
just and necessary; and that the crisis i-equircs the sacrifice of 
every private consideration, which could stand in opposition 
to the public good. But after giving the sul^ject the most 
mature consideration, I am perfectly convinced, that my re- 
tiring from the army is as compatible with the claims of pa- 
triotism, as it is with those of my family, and a proper regard 
for my own feelings and honor. 

I have no other motives in writing this letter than to as- 


sure j^ou, that my resignation was not produced by any dimi- 
nution of the interests I have always taken in the success of 
your administration, or of respect and attachment for your 
person. The former can only take place, when I forget the 
republican principles in which I have been educated ; and the 
latter, when I shall cease to regard those feelings, which must 
actuate every honest man, who is conscious of favors that it 
is out of his power to repaj'. 

Allow me, etc. 

Wm. Henry Harrison 
James Madison Esq. President of U. S. 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville, May 12, 1814 

<^ . Har. Pa. 2S0 

For the better government, organization, and discipline of 
the Militia, I have laid off the Territory into three Divisions, 
six brigades, and twelve regiments, and have nominated the 
Major Generals and Brigadiers, a list of which I send on to be 
commissioned by the President of the U. S. agreeably to the 
provisions of the ordinance for regulating the Territories. 
Since the last return of the strength of the Territory there has 
been a very considerable augmentation and increase of the 
militia by a numerous imigration, and in the last return there 
is no mention of the Squadron of Cavalry, or of four Com- 
panies of Rangers. The increase of iiraiiigration which is very 
likely to continue very rapidly, and the return of the Rangers 
to the Militia will fully justify the arrangement. Not having 
any General officers appointed in the Territory, the ^Militia 
have been subjected to be commanded by General officers from 
the state of Kentucky, which has been a very considerable 
matter of complaint by them. I have arranged the officers as 
they are to take rank. For ]\Iajor Generals I nominate Joseph 
Bartholomew first in rank, who will command the second Di- 
vision. James Dill Second in rank to command the third Di- 
vision, and Robert M. Evans third in rank to command the 
first Division. For Brigadier Generals first Division, first 
Brigade, Hugh McGary — 1st Division 2nd brigade Walter Wil- 
son — 2nd division 3rd Brigade Joseph Paddocks, — Second Di- 
vision fourth Brigade William IMcFarland — third Division, 
fifth Brigade James Noble — Third Division sixth Brigade 


George Hunt — The commissions for the Brigadiers to be of 

the same date, who will take ranke agreeably to former services 

— The arrangement that I have made I think is for the good 

of the Service. There can be no doubt but it will have the 

effect to produce greater attention to discipline and give a 

considerable degree of consequence to the whole body of I\Iili- 


I have the honor to be with respect your 

humble Servant ^ ^ 

Th. Posey 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department May 14th 1814 

^ Har. Pa. 107 


The inclosed copy of a letter to the President will sufficiently 
indicate the plan of campaign for the ensuing summer. Orders 
have been given by the Secretary of the Navy in conformity 
thereto, with the exception that two armed vessels and a de- 
tachment of Infantry, will prosecute the expedition against 

It will be for you to direct the number of men to be retained 
as garrisons for Detroit and IMalden. The residue will be held 
ready for the movement down the lake to Buffaloe whither will 
be taken also all that can be moved of the 17th 19th 24th and 
28th regiments of infantry. Brigadier [Duncan] I^IcArthur 
now relieved from Court IMartial services may be designated 
for the command of these corps. 

The adjutant general will transmit to you the new arrange- 
ment of the 17th and 19th regiments. 

Accept sir the assurance of my great respect. 
Maj. Genl. Harrison 

P. S. The President not having yet determined whether 
you shall act with, or without associates, in making the pro- 
posed treaty, your commission and instructions for that pur- 
pose are unavoidably delayed. 

Shelby to the President 
.;. _^ Frankfort, Llay 15, 1814 

T^ ^ Tippecanoe Text Bool:, 1^9 [Niks' RenisteA 

Dear Sir : ^ j 

The interest I feel for the prosperity of our beloved coun- 

44— 22GC4 


try, at all times, but especially in the common cause in which 
she is at present engaged, will, I flatter myself, be a sufficient 
apology for addressing you this letter. The motives which 
impel me, arise from considerations of public good, and are 
unknown to the gentleman who is the subject of the letter. 

It is not my intention to eulogize general Harrison; he is 
not in need of that aid, his merits are too conspicuous not to 
be observed ; but it is my intention to express to you with can- 
dor, my opinion of the general, founded on personal observa- 

A rumor has reached this state, which, from the public 
prints, appears to be believed, that the commanding general of 
the northern army may be removed from that command. The 
circumstance has induced me to reflect on the subject, and 
give the decided preference to major-general Harrison, as a 
successor. Having served a campaign with general Harrison, 
by which I have been enabled to form some opinion of his mili- 
tary talents, and capacity to command, I feel no hesitation to 
declare to you, that I believe him to be one of the first militaiy 
characters I ever knew; and, in addition to this, he is capable 
of making greater personal exertions than any officer -with 
whom I have ever sei'ved. I doubt not but it will hereafter 
be found, that the command of the north-western armj-, and 
the various duties attached to it, has been one of the most 
arduous and difficult tasks ever assigiied to any officer in the 
United States; yet he surmounted all. 

Impressed with the conviction, that general Harrison is 
fully adequate to the command of tlie northern army, should 
a change take place in that division, I have ventured thus 
freely to state my opinion of him, that he is a consummate 
general, and would fill that station with ability and honor; 
and that if, on the other hand, any arrangement should take 
place in the war department, which may produce the resigna- 
tion of general Harrison, it will be a misfortune which our 
country will have cause to lament. His appointment to the 
command of the northern army would be highly gratifying to 
the wishes of the western people, except some who may, per- 
haps, be governed by sinister views. 

I confess the first impressions upon my mind, when in- 
formed of the defeat of colonel [William] Dudley's regiment, 
on the 5th of May last, were unfavorable to general Harrison's 


plans; but on correct information, and a knowledge of his 
whole plans, I have no doubt but they were well concerted, 
and might, with certainty, have been executed had his orders 
been strictly obeyed. I mention this subject because ]Mr. H. 
Clay informed me that he had shown you my letter, stating 
the impressions which that affair had first made upon my 
mind, on information that was not correct. 

Hoping that my opinion of this meritorious officer will not 

be unacceptable to you, I have candidly expressed it, and 

hoping the apology stated in the preceding part of this letter, 

will justify the liberty taken of intruding opinions unsolicited. 

I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your 

obedient servant. 

Isaac Shelby 
His Ex. James Madison, Pres U. S. 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department i\Iay 24th 1814 

• ; ■ Har. Pa. lOS 


Your letters of the 10th and 11th instant have been received. 
[Not found] Your resignation has been communicated to the 
President who is now on a visit in Virginia. 

As soon as the Commission is returned from the President, 
it will be transmitted, with the necessary instructions for 
holding the proposed treaty with the Indians. 

Col. R. ]\L Johnson and the Hon. Jeremiah i\Iorrov,' will be 
associated with you in this mission of which they are advised 
and requested to communicate with j^ou relative to the place 
of meeting. 

Major Lownsly of the Canadian Militia who has been re- 
cently made prisoner should be retained until further orders. 
IMaj. General Harrison 

Secretary of War to Harrison 

War Department, Jlay 28th, 1814 

Har. Pu. J 09 


Your resignation is accepted to take place on the 31st in- 
stant as you requested and Gcnl. [Duncan] I\IcAi'thur is ac- 
cordingly ordered to take command of the District. 


I beg you Sir, to accept the assurance of my gi-eat Respect. 
Major Genl. Harrison 

Col. Robert McDouall to Indians 

MiCHlLLlMAClNAC June 5, 1814 

Mich. Hist, and Pion. Soc. Pub. XV, 5S1 

j\lY Children : 

I embrace the opportunity when we are here met to cele- 
brate the Birth Day of the King, your great Father, to reply 
to the words which you lately addressed to me; on this happy 
occasion, I am proud to see such an assemblage of distin- 
guished Chiefs & Warriors around me, many of vdiom have 
already signalized their valor in his service during this war. 
I thank you all for your past services, but particularly for the 
proof of loyalty and attachment you have shown in hastening 
to the defence of the Island when threatened by the enemy. 
You have now proved that you merit the benevolence & kind- 
ness with which your Great Father has always treated you; 
be assured that the interests of his red children will never 
be forgotten by him, that he will keep his word & the promises 
which he has made you. 

My Children, Listen to my words, that I may make you 
acquainted with the auspicious events which have lately taken 
place. Your Great Father Sir George Prevost has received 
powerful reinforcements, and is at the Head of a large Army 
of Your White Brethren, who have again defeated the Ameri- 
cans, in another attempt to invade Lower Canada. Kingston 
and Fort George are now places of great strength, and con- 
tain formidable Garrisons; we are in possession of the whole 
Niagara Frontier and also of its harbour v\^hich the enemy 
last year found so advantageous. Our Fleets on Lake Ontario 
are also more numerous, and stronger than those of the 
Enemy, tlie impoi-tant Fort of Oswego has lately been taken 
from them by our ships, while theirs dare not stir from the 
shelter of their harbours. 

My children, Everything looks well for us, the black & 
louring clouds that spread darkness around us are dispersed, 
and we have once more over our heads a clear and serene 
sky. The Great Spirit shines on our just cause, but froTSTis 
on that of the deceitful Americans, because they have cruellj'' 


oppressed you, they have robbed you of those lands which you 
inherited from your brave ancestors, and still they are not 
satisfied, the fertile Country which they have usurped, only 
encrease their appetite for fresh encroachments, and you will 
gradually be driven toward the sitting sun. 

My Children You possess the Warlike spirit of your Fathers 
you can only avoid this horrible fate, by joining hand in hand 
with my warriors in first driving the Big Knives from this 
Island, & again opening the great road to your country^ I 
shall then be enabled liberally to supply your Vv^ants; You 
will once more see the Traders in your Villages, v^dth Ammu- 
nition for yourselves, and clothing for your women & chil- 
dren ; the days of your prosperity will return, and the songs 
and the dance be again heard in your land. 

My children, The time is favourable for this, and will soon 
arrive. The King your great Father has destroyed his foes 
on the other side of the big Lake ; He is now the most power- 
ful monarch in the world ; and has no other Enemy but the 
Americans. You know we were often victorious over them 
when but few in numbers, how then will they stand against 
the invincible Warriors & the mighty Fleets which are now 
coming against them? Already they tremble at the thoughts 
of this, and know not which vray to turn to escape the tre- 
mendous vengence which they know they have deserved. 
They are conscious that resistance is vain, and that their 
power compared to that of King George, is like dust before 
the wind. They therefore ^^ish to lay down the Tomahawk 
& treat for peace. 

My Children, I have heard of the message which the Ameri- 
can have latelj' sent to your red Brethren; it is sufficiently 
humiliating, for it aclmowledges their incapacity to carry on 
the war with the King Your Great Father; it likewise shovrs 
their usual disregard to truth, for they say that when a peace 
is made, he will withdraw, from you, and that they then will 
punish all those who do not now renounce our friendship. 

My Children, When these perfidious people fail in war, they 
try to succeed by artifice & cunning, qualities to which they 
excel all other nations. You must therefore beware how you 
are deceived by their stratagems, which is meant to sow dis- 
seriiion among the ti'ibes, in order that one after the other, 
they more easily become the \ictims of their treacheiy. 

My Children, I again ask, which of you can be so blind & 


infatuated, as not to sec that the big Knives will never be 
satisfied, until they possess all your lands and destroj* you 
root and branch from the face of the earth. They have no 
pity for you, and openly avow this wicked intention. Which 
of you do not know that it is the powerful protection of the 
King your gi-eat Father, which has hitherto saved you from 
this miserable fate, and which can only save you from it in 

My Children, Listen well to my words, none of you must 
be misled by this deceitful message, for it will be dangerous 
for you to go astray into the wrong road, and difficult for you 
to return. What is there in it but a convincing proof that the 
power of the Enemy is on the decline and instead of intimi- 
dating your young men, should inspire them with fresh cour- 
age to get back their old boundaries & restore the days of 
plenty and happiness among you; Listen again my children, 
the time is at hand when these great blessings can be recov- 

Mtj Children Should the King your great Father deign to 
listen to the proposal which the Enemy have made for peace, 
it will be on the express condition that your interests shall be 
first considered, your just claims admitted and no infringe- 
ments of your rights permitted in future. 

My Children doubt not but this will be the case. The King 
your great Father has assured you that he will never abandon 
his red children whom he has so long fostered and adopted. 
The Great Chief at Quebec, Sir George Prevost has also given 
his word to the same effect, this ought to set your minds at 
rest upon the subject, for they are not the promises of the 
faithless Americans but of those who hate duplicity and false- 

My Children I opened my ears and listened attentively to 
the words w^hich you addressed to me. I was moved v\'ith 
compassion when you told me of your v/ant and distresses last 
winter, and that some of the supplies intended for you did not 
reach you owing to the distance. Now that you are here, I 
will endeavour to make up as well as I can for the disappoint- 
mejit and to give you proofs of my esteem, and of the confi- 
dence which I place in your valor and courage. 

My Children I am highly pleased tliat you have listened to 
the wise councils of your friend and chief the Red Head, 
whose constant study is for your advantage and to do you 


good. Your Great Father at Quebec lias confidence in him, 
and in appointing him your chief, has given you a strong 
proof of his paternal regard. 

My Chikbi I wish you to show your gratitude by obeying 
him in all things that he wishes you to do. I recommend to 
you that the utmost friendship and harmony prevail among 
the different tribes, and that the young men do not disgrace 
themselves by any disturbance or impropriety of conduct. It 
is proper that they should listen to the voice of their Chiefs 
& of thier Fathers, &. derive instructions from their Council 
and experience. 

My Children I am delighted with what your Great Chief 
the Red Head has told me; that in your wars with the Big 
I^iives you have been equally distinguished by your bravery 
in the field and by your mercy to the vanquished; that in no 
one instance has their helpless women and children sustained 
an injury. Let me exhort you to a continuance of this praise- 
worthj^ act, which is the more meritorious on your part, con- 
sidering the provocation which the enemy have given you. 

My Children Happy are those warrors who rush into the 
fight, having justice upon their side. You go forth to combat 
for the tombs of your forefathers and for those lands, which 
ought now to afford shelter and sustenance to your wives and 
children. !May the Great Spirit give you strength and courage 
in so good a cause, and crown you ^\ith victory in the day of 

^^^^^^' Lt. Col. Robert McDouALL 

Posey to Secretary of War 
•, Jeffersonville Ind. Ter. 23 June 1814 

Sm: Ha,: Pa., S3 

You will receive inclosed a letter [April 12 above] from IMr. 
John Johnston Indian agent to I\Ir. Benjn. Huffman an in- 
habitant of this Territory relative to a child of his taken by 
the Indians. If you can be instrumental in regaining the 
child, it will be a very humane and friendly act in restoreing 
him to his parents. The discription recited in I\Ir. Johnston 
letter, I am informed by Wm. Huffman answers to that of his 
child except the hair is of a shade between red and yellow. 

I am very respectfully 
Your Obedient Scrvt. . 
Th. Posey 


Shelby to Harrison 

Frankfort June 28ih 1814 

From Governor Isaac Shelb7j's "Letter Book B" 112 

My Dear Sir : 

I had the pleasure last evening to receive your favour of the 
27th inst., Soon after I wrote you last I was determined to 
accept of the Mission to treat with the North W. Indians in 
that determination I was a good deal influenced by the pleas- 
ure I should derive of acting once more with you for the inter- 
est of our country But the constitutional Barrier which has 
since presented itself has made me decline all thoughts of the 
journey of which I have already advised the president of the 
United States of my determination. 

The 17th section of the 6th article of the Constitution of 
Kentucky declares in express terms that "No person holding 
or exercising any office of trust or profit under the United 
State shall hold or exercise any office of trust or profit under 
this Commonwealth." The office of a Commissioner to treat 
with the Indians is an office of trust and the necessity of com- 
mission from the president (which I have received) is the 
strongest evidence of the fact. 

I have not a single doubht but my acceptance of the Com- 
mission to treat with the Indians would vacate the office of 
Governor of Kentucky and altho, I care very little about this 
office I wish I was rid of it upon Honourable terms — I would 
not do an act by which my Country might be thrown into a 
state of confusion & distraction — for there are not wanting 
amongst us men enough ready to lay hold of any pretext to 
disturb the public mind — when you have reflected on these 
subjects you will I have no doubt think that my objection to 
accept the m ;sion is well founded. That your efforts to serve 
your Country in the arduous task before you may be crov.aied 
with real advantages to her interests and with honour to 
yourself is the sincere prayer of My Dear Sir your very affec- 
tionate friend &, most obt. servant. 

Isaac Shelby 
Major Genl. Wm. Henry Harrison 

P. S. present me respectfully to Governor Cass — 


Thomas Posey, second aiid last Territorial Governor of Indiana, 
was a neighbor of the Washingtons and Harrisons of Virginii:. He was 
boin near Alcxandiia, July 9, 1750. In 1774 he joined the Dunmore 
expedition against the Ohio Indians, marching under General Lewis to 
the field of Point Pleasant, where he distir.guished himself in that bloody 
battle, October 10, 1774. The following year he helped his ])atriotic 
neighbors drive Govei'uor Dunmore out of Virginia. During the devolu- 
tion he was in the service continuously — under Washington in New Jer- 
sey, under Morgan at Saratoga, under Sullivan against the Iroquois, 
under Washington at Monmouth, under Wayne at Stony Point, under 
Washington at Yorktown — and made an honoiablc ]'ecord. 

February 22, 179-'^ he was aj^pointcd a Biigadier General and joined 
the army, under his old commander, Wayne, in Ohio. Decenibei' 11), 
17'J8, he Avas a];i)ointed a land commissionei- in Viiginia. About 1800 
he ca)rie to Kentucky and became a membei- of the kjgislatuic. Just 
before the war of 1812 he moved to Louisiana and soon aL'ter was ap- 
pointed a United States senator to finish the unexpii-ed ieini of Senator 

February 14, 1813, President Madison appointed Posey governoi' of 
Indiana territory. He served till Indiana became a state, J'ecenibe)-, 
181(), when he became Indian agent on the Wabash. He died at Shav/nee- 
town, Illinois, March ID, 1818. 


Posey Convening Assembly 

Jeffersonville July IG 1814 
Western Sun, July 23, ISII^ 


Whereas circumstances of a nature highly important to the 
welfare and interest of the territory, render it necessary that 
the Legislature should be convened at an earlier period than 
is fixed and prescribed by law. Therefore, I Thomas Posey, 
Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Indiana 
Territory, do issue this my Proclamation, Requiring the at- 
tendance of the members of the Legislative Council and House 
of Representatives of said territory, who may be elected at 
the ensuing election on the first Monday in August next, to 
meet at the town of Corydon, the seat of government, on 
Monday the 15th day of August next, at which time will be 
laid before them for their consideration, such subjects as will 
require their attention. 

Given under my hand and the seal of the Territory, at Jef- 
fersonville, this 16th day of July, 1814. 

Th. Posey. 

^ Posey to General Assembly 

Corydon, August 15, 1814 

Mss. in Secretary of State's Office 
Western Sun, Angiist 27, 181J, 

Gentlemen of the Legislative Council, and Gentlemen of the 

House of Representatives : 

The circumstances which have been considered to exist by 
the passage of a law at the last session of the legislature, 
entitled "An act reorganizing the courts of justice", have con- 
strained me to convene the legislature at the present period, 
believing it to be necessary that the law should undergo a 
reconsideration and amendment; or malce such other arrange- 
ments as in the discretion of the legislature may be thought 

The present existing law reorganizing the courts of justice 
has not only been thought defective by tlie judges of the 
superior court, but by a number of lav/ characters, and others, 
men of information and experience. Some of the courts have 


been partially organized, and in some counties there has been 
no court established under the present law, and none of the 
courts have proceeded to do business considered of any mate- 
rial consequence. That, taking into consideration the griev- 
ances the citizens of the territory labour under in the delay, 
and stop put to the proceedings of the courts, I have thought 
it my indispensable duty to convene the legislature as early 
as possible after the election- 
It may also be advisable that the militia lav,- should undergo 
a reconsideration. The mode of calling out the militia into 
actual service in time of invasion is not so clearly defined as 
it may be, and by a reconsideration, other defects probably 
may be discovered which may make it necessary to amend. 
At all times it is necessary to have the militia well organized 
and kept in good training, but particularly at the present crisis 
of the state of affairs, so interesting to the U. States. Peace 
may take place between the U. States and G. Britain, at a 
short period, but from recent circumstances that have taken 
place in Europe, I am of opinion that peace is much more 
remote than many calculate upon ; and the best waj' to have 
an honorable peace is to be well prepared for war. I do not de- 
spair of obtaining an honorable peace, neither have I a want 
of confidence in the administration of our general government, 
or in the disposition of our citizens at large to risk their lives 
and property for the security of our just rights. God will 
protect our country if the citizens have virtue, and will lay 
their shoulders to the wheels of government. Better would it 
be for the credit of our nation to wage a perpetual war, than 
be disgi'aced by a relinquishment of the rights of freemen. Si^ 

The length of the present session depends upon yourselves; 
you can make it long or short, as may best comport with the 
interest of our territory. I shall not only feel it a duty in- 
cumbent upon me to cooperate with you, but it will be a pleas- 
ure for me to do so, and to render every possible service for 
the public good. In the course of your deliberations, I recom- 
mend harmony, & wish you a pleasant session. 

Th: Posey 


Posey to General Assembly 

CoRYDON August 18, 1814 

Western Sny2, Seijiembo' S, ISUt 
Mhs. in Secretary of State's Office 

To the Honourable President and Members of the Legislative 


It is with much pleasure I observe in your answer to my 
communication that my conduct in convening the legislature 
at the present period meets your approbation, and that you 
approve of the several subjects offered for your consideration. 

I am of opinion with you, that the law reorganizing the 
courts of justice is far from being so defective as many have 
considered, and as has been handed out to the community ; and 
I am of opinion that had the courts been organized to the 
extent that was contemplated when passed, that it would have 
been attended with happy consequences and given very gen- 
eral satisfaction. 

In the course of your deliberations to provide a remedy 
for our present deranged judiciary, I have full confidence that 
you will use every exertion in your power to have the best 
possible system that you can devise, to secure to our citizens 
their just rights of life, liberty, and property. I receive with 
pleasure your sincere wish for my happiness, and most sin- 
cerely hope and wish you may individually and collectively 
enjoy health and prosperity. 

I am, with perfect respect and regard, your obt. servt. 

Th: Posey 

Isaac Shelby to Thomas Posey 

Charlestown September 15th 1814 

Mss. in Indiana State Library 

His Excellency Thomas Posey 

Governor and- Commander in Chief of Inda Tery 

Not having saw Colo [Joseph] Bartholomew last evening 
as I expected in consequence of it being late in the evening 
as I passed, I this day called to see the Colo and communicated 
to him the subject of our conversation when I was last in your 
Company — Upon which the Colo observed that in Justice he 
could not feel himself sufficiently qualified to fill that Office, 


and discharge the duties which would be incumbent upon him, 
And at the same time requested me to return his warmest 
thanks to you for the high Consideration your Excellency 
entertained of him &c; The Colo then observed there were 
men in the County he thought better qualified for that Office 
than himself, and Particularly named Judge [William] Good- 
win, as he had heretofore filled the Office of a Judge in our 
Former Court of Common Pleas, which Office he had Honor- 
ably filled, and as Mr. Goodwin had experience and was also 
Better qualified than himself, he, would certainly much rather 
Judge Goodwin would be named to your Excellency — when 
I discovered that the Colo was averse to it, I Rode over to 
Judge Goodwin's, to whom I expressed the Colos. wish &c. and 
as the Judge had been named also to j^ou, I solicited Mr. Good- 
win upon the occasion, who expressed much reluctance to ac- 
cept, having heretofore spent a considerable length of time in 
discharging the duties of a member of the Court, and would 
rather some other person could be had that was Better quali- 

However the Judge after some consideration observed he 
was never unwilling to serve his Countrey in any way that he 
thought he could render them any kind of good — And that if 
your Excellency should think proper to confer on him the 
appointment he would with pleasure accept &c 

Not presuming to Dictate to your Excellency I feel no kind 
of doubt in saying that Judge Goodv/in [appointed Sept. 17, 
1814] will Honourably fill the Office should you think proper 
to appoint him — 

With Sentiments of high consideration I am &c 

Isaac Shelby 

Posey to William Polke 
■ . JEFFERSONVILLE 15th September 1814 

Police Mss. furnished hy Mrs. Rximely 

Dr. Sir: 

I herewith enclose to you the commission for the Associate 
Judge for the county of Knox, & a commission for coroner of 
Sd. county, also a commission for Isaac Blackford Esqr. as 
circuit Judge of the 1st District, & a connnission for yourself 
to administer the oath of office. 

I have no blanks in the office at present for Justice of the 


Peace, we were expecting them from the printer every day, as 
soon as they come to hand I shall a commission for W. Mc- 
Namee as Justice of the Peace. After your clerk is commis- 
sioned & taken the oath of oflice &c. he will have the power to 
administer oaths of ofhce. As soon as your Judges have 
taken the oaths of office I wish them to proceed immediately 
to make choice of a Clerk of the Circuit Court & send on the 
nomination as soon as possible [see Oct. 4, below] . 

Yours very respectfully 

Tns. Posey 

Endorsed on back: William Polke Knox County 

Posey to Secretary of War 
Jeffersonville Indiana Territory 16th Sept. 1814 

■ Har. Pa. 293 


Friendly Indians in a small number have resided at Vin- 
cennes nearly 10 months, and there is an addition made to 
them at different times now making the number 17, some of 
which are found to be very useful in scouting and following 
after Indians who at times commit depredations on the fron- 
tiers and near to Vincennes. I have ordered that rations 
should be furnished them, also some necessary clothing. It is 
expected that more will come in. I wish to be advised upon 
the subject. It will be necessary to appoint some person to 
attend to them. Mr. Joseph Barron Indian interpreter for 
this Territory would be a proper person. He resides at Vin- 

. . I am very respectfully 

. ' . Your Obt. Servt. 

Th. Posey 
General John Armstrong, Secretary of War 

William Polke to Posey 

Vincennes, October 4th 1814 

. i '. ; Mss. furiiislied by Mrs. Favnic S. Ritiiicly 


I have received commissions of the Circuit Judges Mr. 
[Isaac] Blackford, Circuit Judge Daniel Sullivan and James 
B. McCall associate Judges [see below] and proceeded to ad- 


minister the oath of office to the associate judges on the 21st 
of September at which time I conminnicatcd that part of your 
Excellency's letter to the Judges wishing* them to proceed 
immediately to the nomination of a clerk of the Circuit Court 
the Associates after consultation proceeded to the nomination 
of a Clerk as it was uncertain whether the nomination could 
with safety be delayed untill the arrival of Mr. Blackford at 
Vincenncs as the Court Came on Vvithin a few days and I 
informed the Judges that in a conversation with Mr. Black- 
ford on the Subject he had informed me Stranger as he was 
at Vincennes he should concur in the nomination of the Asso- 
ciates for a Clerk, on the same evening Mr. [Robert] Bunton 
one of the Candidates for the Clerkship presented a petition 
addressed to your Excellency signed by a number of respecta- 
ble characters praying his appointment as Clerk and wished 
my signature to which I declined observing to him that I 
wished not to interfere in favor as they observed to Mr. Bun- 
ton that your Excellency had authorized the Judges to nomi- 
nate a Clerk and advised him to present his petition to the 
Judges for their consideration and Received for an answer 
that he had a similar petition for the Judges and that Send- 
ing the same to your Excellency would do no harm or words 
to that amount. I then returned Home Satisfied in having 
Done my Duty and yesterday morning early came to this 
place in order to administer the oaths of office to Mr. Black- 
ford and the Clerk so that no neglect of mine should impede 
the courts proceeding to Business on my arrival I proceeded 
to administer the oath of offiice to Mr. Blackford. When he 
informed me your Excellency had enclosed a Blank Commis- 
sion for the Clerk and authorized him to fill up the same v/hich 
on mature reflection he had Declined and informed your Ex- 
cellency thereof I sincerely regrett the course this Business 
has taken as at the time the Delegation from Knox wished 
you to postpone the appointment of Clerk untill the Judges 
should nominate one and you was so obliging as to ace- de to 
their wishes no diffiiculty was expected from that course of 
proccedure as from the communication. I expect you will 
receive by this mail your Excellencj'' will be in full possession 
of all the circumstances necessary to be known. I hope you 
will proceed to the appointment as soon as possible as the 
County is suffering seriously for the want of such an offiicer 


particularly several Estates within my knowledge who cannot 
obtain Letters of administration before tlie appointment and 
it is all important the stock should be sold as soon as possible 
which must be my excuse for troubling; your Excellency at 
this time. I remain your Sincere friend [see Sept. 15 above]. 

Wm. Polke 
His Excellency Thos. Posey. 

P.S. The Associate Judges wishes me to inform your Ex- 
cellency that Mr. Bunton laid the petition mentioned above 
before them and they took the same under consideration in 
their nomination. 

Shelby to Posey 

Frankfort Octr 31st 

From Governor Isaac Shelby's "Letter Book A" Q19 


I have the honor of inclosing herewith a Copy of an indict- 
ment against one Isaac Holeman, who I am informed has fled 
from Jefferson County [Ky.] to your territorj^ — in persuance 
of the Act of Congress in such case provided I have to request 
of your Excellency to have him arrested, and information 
thereof communicated to me that he may be brought to trial. 
Should it be found more convenient you may, in case of his 
arrest, cause him to be delivered to any person designated by 
Judge Cosby. 

I have the honor to be 

Respectfully - - 

Your mo. obt. servt. 

Isaac Shelby 
His Excy. Thomas Posey Govr. of Indiana 

• Posey to Secretary of Wat. 

Jeffersonville, Ind. Ter. 3 Nov. 1814 

Har. Pa. 295 


I herewith inclose to you the copy of a letter which I re- 
ceived by express from Joseph Barron Indian Interpreter at 
Vincennes. In my answer to him I have ordered the friendly 
Indians to be received and furnished vrith rations and a pres- 
ent of some trifling tilings and a few blankets should they 


stand in need of them. I have likewise given orders to assign 
to them a proper place for an encampment, near to wood and 
water and have ordered that a commissioned officer from the 
]\Iilitia of conciliating disposition and friendly disposed guard 
should be stationed near their encampment for the purpose of 
protecting the Indians from evil disposed men, and to keep 
order and prevent their stealing from or insulting any of the 
inhabitants. It is necessary to appoint an agent to attend min- 
utely to the wants and necessaries of those Indians and receive 
all friendly Indians that may come in. I have made a tempo- 
rary appointment of Joseph Barron, Indian interpreter to dis- 
charge the duties assigned. 

I wish to receive instructions from the department of war 
relative to the foregoing subject, and such other circumstances 
as may octur relative to Indian affairs. There has been for 
12 months or more 17 friendly Indians at Vincenns under 
my protection, who have received regular supplies of pro- 
visions and some articles of clothing. Of this circumstance, 
I gave information to Gen. Armstrong secretary of war and 
requested that he would instruct me upon the subjects as well 
as to any other friendly Indians that might come in. 

I also wrote to him that there was clothing which had been 
deposited and which was in charge of the former Governor, 
that all the blankets which had been delivered to Gen. 
[Samuel] Hopkin's militia agreeable to orders (Genl. [John] 
Gibson informs me) but as to the validity of the orders I am 
not informed. All the woollens are also given out and what 
now remains, are muslins, callicoes, shawles and trifling arti- 
cles all much dammaged. There are some saddles and keggs 
of powder etc. I am of opinion much waste has been made, 
but if the few articles on hand were sold thej^ would bring 
something to the public whereas by keeping they probably will 
be a total loss. I have never received an answer from the 
department of wai' either upon the subject of Indian affairs, 
or the Indian goods and if convenient should be glad to be 

I am very respectfully your 
Obedient Servant. 

Th. Posey 

Hon. James IMonroe Secrctarij of War 

City of Washington 


Posey to Secretary of War 

Jfeefrsonville Ind. Ter. 12th Nov. 1814 

Har. Pa. SO 2, S03 


About a week since, by last mail, from this I wrote to you 
upon the subject of Indian affairs and enclosed to you a letter 
from Joseph Barron Indian Interpreter at Vincennes, respect- 
ing the subject. 

I have this moment received by mail a letter from Judge B. 
Parks of Vincennes, giving me information that upon the 
notice given by Little Eyes a chief mentioned in Barron's let- 
ter inclosed to you [see above] of the encampment of I^Iain- 
polle's [I\Iarpack's] Potawatomies, who have been commiting 
considerable depredations in the neighbourhood of Vincennes 
and Fort Harrison, and now encamped on the road to St. 
Josephs on Yellow creek at a place call'd the great cut off 90 
miles above Ft. Harrison, 40 in number that Capt. [Pierre] 
Andre commanding a company of Rangers at Vincennes, a 
brave and determined officer, set out on an expedition the 6th 
Inst., with two hundred rangers and mounted men and 25 
days provisions in order to strike at IMainpolles encampment, 
or where he and his party may be found. He has taken with 
him Little Eyes or a petit onounted, who was desirous of ac- 
companying the expedition also Joseph Barron Interpreter. 
Should Capt. Andre be fortunate in falling in with Mainpolle 
and his Indians, I have no doubt of his success. 

Capt. [William] Russell who commanded at Vincennes upon 
being informed of the death of Brig. Genl. [Benjamin] Hov>'- 
ard, went on immediately to St. Louis to take command there. 

You will please to answer my letter of the Sd inst addressed 
to you upon the subject relative to instructions respecting 
the reception of Indians who may come in proffesing friend- 
ship. They must be fed, and have some necessary clothing 
furnished at expense of the public. Should it be thought 
proper to have an agent appointed for the purpose of attend- 
ing to their necessities any instruction which I may receive 
shall be duly discharged. 

I am very respectfully 

Your Obt. Servt. 

Th. Posey 
Col. James Monroe Secretary of War 

City of Washington 



Barron to Posey 

ViNCENNES Nov. 12 1814 
Har. Pa. 297-298 

merely with a view of getting near Vincennes for the pur- 
poses of trade and friendly intercourse. They further stated 
that there were many other families or large parties equally 
anxious to come in, could they only have assurance of being 
well received, among which a camp of Kickapoos of about 20 
cabbins residing north of Tippecanoe. Upon this conference 
it Vv'as determined that Little Ej^es should be detained until 
your pleasure in the case should be known but as they had 
promised their family to return in eight days, and warned 
them in case they did not, to ascribe their absence to some 
fatal accident or occurrence and immediately to break up their 
camp and fly back, it was deemed expedient that Tacko set 
out tomorrow in order that he may reach them before the time 
expires. I shall continue to support and protect Little Eyes, 
and any other friendly Indians that may come in, in conform- 
ity with your directions, and shall expect your farther com- 
mand in this relation. I would further beg leave respectfully 
to sugger/i: to you the propriety of making some trifling pres- 
ent to each one that may com in provided there be proper 
deportment. Not that they have hinted that any such thing 
is desired or ecpected, but merely as a measure dictated by 

I presume one or more of the officers will furnish you with 
a corresponding narative. and now sir, after having done 
what I conceived to be my duty in this business I respectfully 
await your dictates as to the best means of bringing repent- 
ant enemies over to peace and amity, and your orders as to 
the part I am to act therein, 

I have the honor to be very respect 

Your Obt. Servt. Joseph Barron 

Indian Interpreter 

P. S. 

Little Eyes gives information that the friendly Kickapoos 
already mentioned are in two parties, one about 12 miles 
above Tippecanoe and the other about 16 miles fartlier and 
that about 60 miles from them on the road to St, Josephs on 


Yellow Creek at a place called the Great Cutoff is a band of 
about 40 Potawatomie warriors under J/Tainpoke and that 
these are the Indians that have killed our men and stole their 
horses at Ft. Harrison and the neighbourhood. The informa- 
tion comes through the Kickapoos mentioned who state that 
they have a small prairie full of horses. That they slip out 
from their hiding place and sell the horses, come down here, 
get a resupply, return with them etc. Now as it appears that 
we have enemies on the north, it seems to me a measure of 
indespensible caution and in this I have the concurrence of 
all with whom I have conversed, that in order to distinguish 
between the friend and the foe, that all Indians that are re- 
ceived as friendly be place on our West or south, say Embar- 
ras, little Wabash, or White river, near the mouth in all which 
places game i:^ abundant. This point is with deference sub- 
mitted. [Fragment.] 

J. B. 

Benjamin Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES, IND. TER. 13th. Nov. 1814 

Har. Pa. 299-301 


Capt. [Frederick] Sholts and Lt. [Hyacinth] LaSsell ar- 
rived from Fort Harrison this evening. 

About the time Capt. [Pierre] Andre maj'ched from this 
place, Lieut. LaSseli crossed the country to White river for 
Little eyes people and with them (10 or 12 warriors and 20 
woman and children) joined the Captain at Ft. Harrison. 
Two Miamics who came to Little eyes camp, while the latter 
was here, gave Capt. Andre the following information. That 
there are about two hundred Kickapoos, warriors and a few 
Potawatomies on the Virmillion about three hundred Pota- 
watomies at Tippecanoe and other bands of that tribe scattered 
from there to the Chicago and other posts of the enemy. The 
Kickapoos, in part are represented as friendly and the greater 
portion of the Potawatomies decidedly hostile. About the 1st 
of Oct. a number of these Kickapoos and Potawatomies re- 
ceived a considerable present of amnumition and clothing 
from a British trader near Chicago and the last of this month 
another supply was promised from the same place. The re- 
pulse of [George] Cro.r.han at Mackinac, and the capture of 
Prairea Do Chain wei'C passed upon those Indians as sure 


progiiostigations of future success and that next spi ing;. De- 
troit, and Vincennes were to be taken. 

That the Tiitish were using every exertion to keep the Indi- 
ans steady to their interest — and promised the estabhsliment 
of a post at or near Chicago that the few Potawatomies that 
visited at Greenville at the treaty were advised to that step 
by the British to get powder and ball, to be used against our 
people on their return — And that the Kickapoos iDeiixg ques- 
tioned as to their motive in going to the British at Clr'cago, 
answered, that their fatlier, the President was too sparing of 
his presents. 

Lieut. Lassell has known the Miamies who gave this infor- 
mation for ten or twelve years; and has great confidence in 
their integi'ity. Capt. Andre believing his force much too 
small to march into the Indian country as intended, halted at 
Ft. Harrison and yesterday dispatched Little Eyes to the Kick- 
apoos, to ascertain more precisely their intention. 

Lassell believes that the Weas (upwards of two hundred 
souls) and probably a part of the Kickapoos will come in and 
a prospect of a small supplj' of ammunition and clothing will 
no doubt induce some of the Indians really hostile to profess 
peace and claim our protection, and their wants supplied for 
the winter, desert and turn their arms against us in the spring. 
Under these circumstances I must beg the favor of more pre- 
cise instruction than I have yet reed. What place is to be 
assigned for the residence of the Indians that may come in? 
and what is the nature and extent of the supplies with v\iiich 
you wish them furnished? If they are fixed beyond the set- 
tlements where they might derive a partial subsistence from 
hunting, they will not only keep the frontiers in alann, but 
they will themselves be liable to injury by mischievous white 
people, and however well disposed, any ill treatment from us, 
would occasion their instantly rejoining the hostile Indians. 
If brought within the settlements, they will be an intolerable 
expense to the Government but probably it may be cheaper to 
feed and clothe them than to wage war against them. 

In regard to the Inidians generally, whilst the British, or 
their agents have access to them, they will never remain at 
peace with us and should the Lliamies remain in the Indian 
country this winter, they will, if not from inclination, at least 
from a dread of the Potawatomies be again at war with us 
next spring. Possibly it might be best for peace not to be 


made with, or any protection afforded any of the Indians, but 
upon condition of their entering into our service, and sending 
their women and children within our settlements. V/e would 
then have a strong pledge for their fidelity, and their services 
against the hostile Indians might be rendered eminently use- 

I have the honor to be veiy respectfully Sir Your Obt. Svt. 

Govenior PosEY ^- P^^ke 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonvillb Ind. Ter. 18th Nov. 1811. 

o _ . ■ Har. Pa. 30^, 305 

I am of opinion froni recent information that the Indians 
are about to become extremely troublesome upon our frontier. 

I have by express just received a letter [Nov. 13 above] 
from Judge Benj. Park of Vincennes a copy of which I here- 
with inclose to you. 

I have written very lately to you upon Indian affairs, and 
requesting your instructions upon that subject you will dis- 
cover in a considerable degree from Judge Parks letter what 
may be necessary to be done. Untill I receive instructions 
from the department of war I have authorized Judge Parke 
and Mr. Tusaint Dubois both residents in and near Vincennes 
to receive the friendly Indians and have them encamped at 
some suitable distance (near to wood and water) from Vin- 
cennes to have them supplied with rations by the contractor, 
authorizing him to issue provisions for the Indians; and do 
for the Indians that may come in, whatever may appear for 
the best advantage to promote the public welfare. Should 
you think it necer jary to appoint an agent to attend to these 
friendly Indians that may come in to Vincennes, I could rec- 
ommend Mr. Tusaint Dubois who is a man very much re- 
spected and to be I'elied on, who has been an old Indian trader, 
is well acquainted with a great many of them; speaks the 
Indian language, and has been a resident at Vincennes for at 
least thirty or more years. It will be necessary that supplies 
of provision some articles of clothing and some ammunition 
be ordered for them. 

T am very respectfully yours 

Your Obt. Servt. 

Th. Posey 


B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES Nov. 18, 1814 
Har. Pa. 309-3U 


Yours of the 12th inst. has been received. Information by 
the last mail renders it pro;)able that Montreal and iTlackinac 
will not be obtained this campaign, and those places in the 
hands of the English, the Indians will receive their accustomed 
supplies of arms, and ammunition and clothing for another 
year. Whilst the war continues with Great Britain, and the 
subjects of that power have access to the Indians the latter 
will also be engaged in war with us. Indeed v/here they 
break and make peace, they still entertain an implacable 
enmity against us, and which manifests itself in open hostili- 
ties on the slightest occasions that occur. The Indians feel 
the greatest regard for the French but cut off from all inter- 
course with that nation, the British have the next place in 
their affections, the Americans in v/ar or peace they detest. 
The reason is obvious. The French while they possessed the 
Canadas asked for no more land than was necessary for their 
trading establishments. Their settlements occasioned no 
deminution of game, no interruption of the Chase, They 
exchanged goods for peltry many of the Traders mariied into 
Indian families and adopted their language, manners and dress. 
Their trade was beneficial, their policy conciliatory and the 
extension of the settlements of the British Colonies excited as 
lively resentments in the minds of the Savages, as have since 
been manifested in their v^^ars against the Americans. The 
policy of the French has since the peace of '63 been pursued 
by Great Britain and friendly connections with that Govern- 
ment and enmity and hostility against the Americans are cul- 
tivated and maintained through the agency and influence of 
the desendants of the ancient Canadian French. They are to 
be found at every village and camp from our frontier settle- 
ments to the Slave Lake and the Mountains and by their em- 
ployment only the N. \V. Company were enabled to extend 
their trade and obtain the control they now possess and exer- 
cise over the ludian^. But, in addition to the machinations 
and influence of the Traders there are other sources of irri- 
tation. They dread and are exasperated at the extension and 
proc= -^ss of our settlements. There are Indians now living 


"who in their youth, were accustomed to cross the Allegheny 
moimtains in their war excursions. They now find our set- 
tlements at the ^Mississippi and the Lakes. Ten or twelve 
years ago they enjoyed extensive hunting grounds on the Ohio 
and before the present war commenced our settlements had 
forced them back toward three hundred miles from that river. 
The Indians are alarmed for their lands, the British for the 
Canadas and hence the famous projects of Tecumseli, of Unit- 
ing all the nations East of the ]\Iississippi and south of the 
lakes and prohibiting the sale of lands by any Tribe without 
the consent of the whole confederacy. Fifty or sixty years 
ago the Peorias, Cahokias, ]\Iicheganians, Kaskaskias, and 
Peankashaws, especially the two last, were numerous and war- 
like, three of those tribes are now, I believe extinct, the others 
nearly so and the few that remain are the most worthless 
vagrants of their color. Whatever the Indians may appre- 
hend fate has in reserve for them thej' doubt not, but that 
their misfortunes and calamities will proceed from the Amer- 
icans, they will never treat with us in good faith whilst the 
British hold any part of the Continent contiguous to them and 
if they make peace it will be founded in hypocracy and vio- 
lated the first favourable opportunity that occurs. The Dele- 
wares may be considered an exception. They are hov:ever the 
only one of the small bands that were with the N. W. Army 
need not be mentioned. I speak generally of the Indians. 
Tribes that had participated largely of the bounty of the Gov- 
ernment, and Chiefs who had been caressed and indulged to 
the extent of their desires were on the commencement of 
the war amongst the foremost in raising the Tomahavrk 
against us. 

An officer at the head of his army — after giving them re- 
peated defeats, is the most competent negociator to treat vritli 
the Indians. Tlie first treaty of Greenville was of longer dura- 
tion than it otherwise would have been as General Wayne 
was the agent employed to make it; but even that Treaty 
would have been violated long before it was had it not been 
for the influence of the British agents having prepared tlie 
Indians for war. They wished the relation betv/een us and 
England to assume a more decisive character before they com- 
menced hostilities and it was contrary to their vievvs that the 
.battle of Tippecanoe was fought. 


If the information derived from the ]\Iiamis and communi- 
cated to you in mj^ last letter be correct, the motive of the 
Potawatamies in re-establishing themselves on the Wabash 
is clear, it is for the purpose of driving the T^Iiamis into the 
hostile confederac}' and if they remain beyond the frontiers, 
it will in four months be accomplished. And next spring, as 
supplies can be obtained by the Indians from Chicago as they 
were formerly at Maiden, our situation will be precisely vrhat 

it was in 1812. t i i-u tt < i ^ 

I have the Honor lo be very respect. 

Sir Your Obt. Servant 

^ _, B. Parke 

GoveiTior Posey 

B. Parke to Posey 

VINCENNES Nov. 20th, 1814 
Har. Pa. S27, 32$ 


I have this day received a letter from Gov. [William] 
Clarke. Information recently conveyed to him by the Indians 
of the Illinois River induces a belief that the object of the 
assemblage at Tippecanoe is hostile. This together wfOi the 
information from the INIiamis removes all doubt upon tlie sub- 
ject. The British are still in possession of Prairie De Chain 
and it was rumoured that a detachment of Troops v/ere on 
their march from Montreal by the way of Grand River, to 
strengthen that Post. Rest assured that if ^Montreal and 
Machinac should remain in the hands of the English till next 
spring, that the frontiers of this and the two neighbouring 
Territories will receive a more severe scourging than they 
have yet suffered. 

I have the Honor to be respectfully Sir Your Obt. Servant. 

Gov. POSEY ^- P^^^^^ 

P. S. At the date of the Governor's letter Col. [William] 
Russell was in pursuit of some Indians in the direction of 
Boon's Lick on the ]\Iissouri and expected to return to St. 
Lewis before Wednesday next. I hope the Col. vdien he hoars 
the change that has taken place on the Wabash will return to 
this place. The Possee at Tippecanoe ought to be surprised 
and driven off directly. The safety of the frontier of this 
Teri'itory depends on keepin the hostile Indians beyond the 
Illinois River. 


B, Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES 23rd. November 1814 

Har. Pa. SO 9 


Your letters of the 15th and 18th inst were received on 
Monday evening, I had hoped that you should have furnished 
me instructions more specific than I have yet received and I 
beg you to be assured that I feel a just sense for the conii- 
dense you are pleased to repose in me but under an authority 
so general and unlimited with no information of the treaty 
of Greenville except from vague report or any knowledge of 
the policy that the President might wish to be pursued 
towards the Indians, whilst attempting to secure the frontiers 
from Indian depredation, I may involve the interests and 
counteract the views of the Gen. Govt. Under these circum- 
stances I shall not encourage the visits or enter into any ar- 
rangement with any of the Indians. With such as may come 
to Ft. Harrison a friendly understanding will be cultivated, 
some provisions occasionally furnished, and to facilitate their 
hunting ammunition very sparingly distributed. I will keep 
an interpreter at that post and should any considerable num- 
ber come in I will go there myself. There is not much danger 
to be apprehended from the hostile Indians before the month 
of February by that time they will be in motion and before 
Christmas it is to be hoped that the direc-tions of the secretary 
of war may be received. 

I handed Mr. [Touissant] Dubois your letter. He declines 
accepting the agency offered him. He can neither read nor 
write, but in the way you proposed he can be useful. I be- 
lieve his zeal and enteii^rise were frequently seiTiceable to 
Gov. Harrison. 

I have the honor to be with respectfully your Hm. Ser. 

B. Parke 

P. W. I had determini' ' yesterday to send a copy of our cor- 
respondence to the Secretary of War and to seek special in- 
structions from that Depar. I have this morn, abandoned it. 
If I do no good I will endeavor to do no harm. 


James Bigger to Posey 

ViNCENNES Nov. 23, 1814 
Har. Pa. 329 

Dear Sir: 

On yesterday Negomin a war chief of the Delaware Tribe 
came into the settlement v>ith the object of obtaining permis- 
sion for himself and party of Friendly with the Whites on the 
frontiers. His party consists of twenty men with their fam- 
ilies. I directed the said chief and his party to keep twenty 
miles without the settlement on sand creek until I could know 
from your Excellency your wishes respecting the party. I 
gave the liberty to some of the party to come in and procure 
salt and some other necessaries in as much as they were suf- 
fering. They will be in in the course of four or five days. 
Negomin himself in ten or twelve. I wish information of 
your Excellency how to act. 

I am with Esteem Yours 

Gov. Posey '^^^^^^ Bigger, Cajjt. U. S. R. 

Posey to Secretary of War 
Jeffersonville Indiana Territory 25th [28th] Nov. 1814 

Har. Pa. 306, 307 


I am convinced that your time is very precious at the pres- 
ent periods, which makes me the more reluctant to make any 
encroachments upon it; but as the subject upon which I have 
been addressing and am now addressing for your considera- 
tion, is of considerable importance I think it will be a sufficient 

Judge Benj. Parke, whome I vested with such powers as I 
may possess, for the purpose of acting as agent for Indian 
aftairs at and in the vicinity of Vincennes, has been communi- 
cating with me upon the subject all of which communications, 
I have inclosed, you copies, [see above] and have solicited you 
to either give me instructions or appoint an agent or define 
to me, or whomesoever you may think proper, the necessary 
course to be taken relative to receiving any bands of Indians 
who profess friendship to the U. States. It is probable they 
must be fed and clothed in as frugal a manner as possible and 


til -it they must hrve a moderate supply of ammunition for 
hunting. And it will be necessary to consider whether they 
should be encamped inside or outside of the settlements. 

I am very respectfully 
Your Obt. 

Th. Posey 
Honble. James Monroe, Secretary of War 

P. S. I have never been furnished with the proceedings of the 
treaty held last summer by Gen. Harrison at Greenville, neither 
do I know any thing relating to the policy of the President or 
department of War upon the subject of Indian Affairs. 

My residence being at this place and the Indians generally 
coming into Vincennes obliges me to appoint an agent there. 

I think Judge Benj. Parke v/ill accept the appointment for 
Indian affairs at Vincennes and the country about Ft. Har- 
rison, should you think of having one appointed. He having 
resided in the territory a number of years and pretty conver- 
sant in Indian transactions while Genl. Harrison was Gov- 
eiTior will make him a proper person for the appointment. 

PosEY TO Secretary of War 
Jeffersonville Indiana Territory 26th Nov. 1814 

Har. pa. 326 


I have just received further communication from Judge 
Ben. Parke and Capt. Bigger [see above] of the rangers rela- 
tive to Indian affairs copies of which I here\^ath transmit for 
your further information. This is the third letter to you upon 
the subject of Indian affairs and not having received any in- 
structions from the department of war, relative thereto, I 
hope to be informed of the person or persons, or department 
that is, or may be authorized to attend to the business of 
Indian affairs in this Territojy. Probably the business comes 
properly within the notice of the commanding ofTicer of this 
district, or of such regular officers as may command at diffei- 
ent posts or stations. Since the duties of the Governors of 
the Territories have been curtailed and military concerns, or 
opperations are vested in the regular officers, I do not feel 
authorized to act, except against any sudden incursions of the 
enemy. The present situation of the friendly disposed, as 


well as the hostile Indians, demands immediate attention and 
for the present time, and untill the secretary of war gives 
proper authority or information where the proper authority 
is vested, I have so far as my authority extends (if I have 
any) authorized Judge Parke of Vincennes and a Mr. TuSaint 
Dubois near thereto, who has been an old Indian trader & 
pretty well acquainted with a great many tribes of the Indians 
to act in conjunction as agents for Indian affairs in that quar- 
ter. I did recommend JNIr. Dubois to the department of War 
as a proper person to be appointed Indian agent, but I am 
informed he will not accept the appointment. 

I am veiy respectfully your Obt. Servt. 

"^ Th. Posey 

James Monroe, Sect, of War 

B. Parke to Posey 

Vincennes November 29th, 1814 

Har. Pa. 291-292 


A few daj''s since several Miamis and Kickapoos came to 
Fort Harrison. Amongst the rest were Labossierre, LaFrano- 
bois aiid Negro Legs. Labossierre appeared to be suspicious 
and manifested no disposition to conciliate and it would seem 
that the object of his visit was to induce Little Eyes and his 
band to return to the Indian Countiy. In a private council 
he stated to them that [William] Conner v>-as the only lionest 
man that he knew amongst the Americans — that, frank and 
candid, he gave him the news entire — that, he had informed 
him, the City of Washington had been taken by the British 
and the President, driven from his house and that orders had 
been given to the people of Vincennes and the neighbouring 
settlements, to be ready, on the shortest notice to abandon the 
Coutiy Labossierre added that the Indians need not be solici- 
tous about cultivating the friendship of the Americans if they 
came within the settlement of the Whites, they would be ex- 
posed to ill treatment, to be throv/n into prison etc. and that 
if thej'- would remain back in the country the British would 
i m restore them to iho. quiet possession of their land. An 
Indian who says he was present at the Council, gives infor- 


mation of this speech. William Conner Labossierre informant 
is a Brother of John Conner, formerly Interpreter for the Del- 
awares. What employment he is in on White River I know not, 
— Whether this talk originated with Labossierre or whether 
he received it from Conner, as an Emissary of the British, is 
indifferent. — the manner in which he is propagating it mani- 
fests an mifriendly disposition tov»''ards the U. States. Labos- 
sierre has been orator for and a leading man amongst the 
Weas for many j^ears past, 

I forwarded instructions to [Joseph] Barron agreeably to 
my letter of the 23 inst but, before they were received, Little 
Eyes wishing to come dov^ul, Barron gave him permission and 
he is now on his way by water to this place. I vrill endeavour 
to dispose of him and his people (about 20 persons) so that 
they will receive no harm, and be as little expense to the Gov- 
ernment as possible. Wishing Barron to be here, I have sent, 
[Michael] Bruillet, to Fort Harrison a copy of my instruc- 
tions to him is inclosed. On Saturday night, last, one horse 
and on Sunday night five horses vrere taken from the Bus- 
seron settlement 25 miles distant from this place — supposed 
to be stolen by Indians. A party of Rangers, are in ursuit 
of them. But with Indians at least profosedly lijondly, 
hunting in the neighbourhood of the frontiers, under the 
sanction as it is said of the Greenville Treaty, and assailed by 
hostile Indians — the Rangers in pursuit will be as likely to 
fall in with friends as enemies and a I\Iiami will not be read- 
ily distinguished from a Potawatomy or Winebago a friendly 
Deleware had like to have lost his life a few days since by a 
party of Public Surveyors on White River the consequence of 
such an accident must be obvious. The ]\Iiami boundary is 
within five and thirty miles of our settlements betvv'cen the 
Wabash and White River. 

I have the Honor to bo very respectfully Sir 
Your Ob. Servt. B. Parke 

Gov. Posey 

P. S. just as I had closed the above, I rec'd your letter of 
the 26th ins! lo advise with M. Dubois is certainly what I 
shall wish to do. But I repeat that if his agency should be 
required he can be most beneficially employed in the way I 
mentioned in my last — and in no other. 


B. Parke to I\IicriAEL Brouillette 

ViNCENNES, Nov. 29tli, 1814 
Har. Pa. 2S8, 2S0 


You will proceed without delay to Fort Harrison to receive 
and confer with such Indians as may come to that place. 
For the present no encouragement will be given to the Indians 
to come to that place or to siwy P^i't of the Wabash Settle- 
ments, with a view of receiving presents from the Govern- 
ment, or any of its agents — but, such as may come to the 
Fort, you will receive with kindness and endeavour to detach 
them from the British and their emissaries in the Indian 
Country and to conciliate their affections towards the United 

The object of your being placed at Fort Harrison is to ob- 
tain information of what is passing in the Indian Country 
and for the accomplisliment of which you will use your best 
endeavours. Your extensive acquaintance amongst the 
Wabash Indians will enable you (if it can be done at all) to 
collect correct information of their numbers, positions, views, 
and the talks that may be sent tliem from the British or the 
Illinois and Mississippi Indians, and the manner in which 
those talks may be received — as also the supplies they may 
receive from the British — the channels through which and the 
places vfhere, and the Tribes or persons to whom delivered. 
In furtherance of this, you will be furnished with a few arti- 
cles of Merchandise which you will distribute as occasion may 

There being many of our citizens out exploring the country, 
it will not be altogether safe for the Indians to hunt, below 
the boundary line. You will therefore advise them not to 
come below Raccoon Creek for that purpose. Such as come to 
Fort Harrison ought to bring a flag. 

Yours respectfully 

Michael Brouillet Intopretcr Parke 

Posey to Secretary op War 

Jeffersonville, Ind. 6th Dec. 1814 

Har. Pa. 287 


I liave just received further communications from Judge 


Benj. Parke of Vincenncs [see above] relative to Indian af- 
fairs, copies of v/hicli I herevrith inclose to yon, thinking it 
my duty to ali'ord you every information in my power respect- 
ing Indian affaij's, until I am informed of the policy of the 
president, and receive instructions, or a notice to whom in- 
structions are or may be given upon the subject. I have writ- 
ten several letters to you, and to Gen. Armstrong before his 
resignation and have not received any answer or instructions 
relative to Indian affairs. 

I am very respectfullj^ 

Your Obedient Servant 

Tn. Posey 
Honble. Jat.ies ;Monroe, Secretary of War 

City of Washington 

B. Paeke to Posey 

ViNCENNES 7th Dec. 1814 
^ Har. Pa. 317 


Information was received last evening from Capt. [Fred- 
erick] Sholts at Fort Harrison, from which it appears that a 
few days ago the principle chief now with the Vermillion 
Kickapoos came to that fort with strong professions of amity 
and good mil toward the U. States. The Capt. took the chief 
and his wife to his Cjuarters to lodge, and v/hile they were 
asleep one of the strangers fired his piece at them through a 
window and killed a squaw. 

The chief reported that in a few days a considerable num- 
ber of her people might be expected at the Fort all fiiendly 
disposed. To receive them, a.^. also to endeavor to patch up 
the unconscionable outrage of the rangers, Mr. [Touissant] 
Dubois sen. will set out for the Fort tomorrow. It is neces- 
sary that a prompt endeavor should be made to heal the wound 
occasioned b}^ this outragious murder of the sciuaw. I would 
go to the Fort myself but I have been in bad health for some 
time, and the vveather is now extremely inclement and prob- 
ably 1\lv. Dubois is more competent than I ;.m to accomplish 
the object in view. 

Your letters of the 2Sth ult. and tlie 'ith inst. I haA'o received. 
I have tlic honor to be with respect Sir 
Your Obi. Scrvt. 

TT- -n 11 r^ -n^.T... J^- Pakke (Copy) 

His Excellency Gov. PoSEY ^ '"^ ' 


B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES Dec. 21 1814 

Har. Pa. 3-21-3 2 J, 


Mr. [Touissant] Dubois retunied from Fort Harrison oii 
Sunday last. The Kickapoos chief had left the Fort two or 
three days after the murder of his wife — meeting at that 
place with some men of the same tribe. ]\Ir. Dubois sent for 
them for him. He came with his family and profiting by the 
occurence the little Otter a Kickapoo Chief Laposure, Negro 
Legs and La Frambois of the Weas and ]Miamis, with about 
three hundred men women and children, also came in. Their 
professions were amicable and the Kickapoos accepted the 
present that I sent to appease his resentment for the loss of his 
wife. As regards the Indians, that unpleasant affair may be 
considered as satisfactorily'- settled. 

Mr. Dubois represents the Indians as extremely necessitous. 
Their arms out of order Vvith little or no amunition and 
their clothing miserable. They express a vrish that some ar- 
rangement could be made that would enable them to have 
access t- our traders and above all that they could get their 
arms repaired. You will judge of the propriety of the course 
that ought to be pursued. To hunt they must have their arms 
in order — to procure clothing and ammunition they must have 
an opportunity of vending their skins and furs. As these 
people have made a peace with the United States they con- 
sider that they have some claim to the privilidge that they 
ask and it is very certain that if they do not obtain it from 
us they will seek it else where. They v>ill go to the British. 
The Emissaries of the latter are vigilant and are now endeav- 
ouring to reattach them to the hostile confederacy. The loss 
of the Tygress and Scorpion and the retreat of General 
[George] Izard have been communicated to them in a manner, 
to give them a high Idea of British prowess and to induce a 
belief that our affairs are in the decline. Tlie hope of the 
est<iblishment of a post, for their convenience at Prairie Vachc 
on the St. Josephs near the southern extremity of Lake Michi- 
gan is still encouraged and the assurance repeated that if they 
would adhere to the British they should be reinstated in all 
their lands. 

From the character of the Indians their jealousy of. the 


Americans and attachment for the Britisii M-hilst we are at 
war with the hatter, and their agents and traders have the 
means of furnishing them supplies, I consider pacific arrange- 
ments of the Government with them as mere expedients. Es- 
pecially if they are not enabled to obtain their wanted supplies 
either in Donations from the Government or from an inter- 
course with our Traders. If from the Treaty, we are to con- 
sider them friendly, they ought to enjoy a portion at least 
of the benefits they were accustomed to derive from a state 
of peace. 

If you should think proper to license any person to trade 
with the Indians, it might be advisable that they should not 
vend their goods below Fort Harrison. The irritation of the 
people from recent injuries, and their being some of the most 
inconsiderate and unprincipled men in tlie settlements on the 
frontiers that ever disgraced humanity, it might be unsafe 
for the Indians for the purpose of Trade to come below the 
Fort and if it should be thought proper to repair their arms a 
Gun Smith might be established at the same place. 

The Indians appeared to be so urgent upon the subjects of 
Trade and gettijig their arms repaired tliat Mr. Dubois prom- 
ised them that ho would endeavor to obtain an answer to their 
application in a month or six Vv^eeks. 

Totally ignorant of tlie views of the President I have been 
more particular in stateing these subjects to you. If it should 
comport with the views of the Government to grant the re- 
quest of the Indians possibly they might be as conveniently 
accommodated at Fort Wayne or the Deleware Tov/ns as at 
Foil; Harrison. 

Mr. Dubois volunteered to go to Fort Harrison but as he 
was detained some days longer than I expected he would have 
been, I think he ought to have an allowance especially as I 
consider his services meritorious. He was absent ten days. 
I had to soul Mr. [Josepli] Barron to interpret for him with 
him — he has been accustomed to receive an extra allovrance 
for extra services of this kind. He was also employed ^^^th 
Capt. [Pierre] Andre in the month of November twenty-one 
days. During Barrons absence, I had to employ a m:'n to act 
for him here promising to recommend him to you ^or such 
w.iges as you might think propei' to allow for Dubois, I 
would mention three dollars per day and Barron one dollar 

40— 226G1 


and the necessary expenses of each and to the other Mr. 
Payette fifty cents per day. The several claims are submit- 
ted for your consideration. 

Your letter of the 11th inst. has been received. A Ranger 
of Capt. [Frederick] Slioltes company is suspected of having 
murdered the Kickapoo squaw. He is in close confinement at 
the Fort — whether he will be tried by a court martial or by 
our Territorial Court I know not. From a late act of the 
Legislature it would seem that I have no authority to inter- 
fere. But however aggravated his guilt or decisive t^ie proof 
I entertain no expcctatio]i from past experience of his being 
punished. Since ]riy residence here several outragous mur- 
ders have been committed on the Indians — No one has been 
punished. In one very clear case, the Grand Jury refused to 
find a Bill. These circumstances induced me to endeavor to 
effect a prompt accommodation according to the Indian mode, 
with the Kickapoos and it is highly probable that it is all the 
redress they will ever receive. 

I have the honor to be very respectfully 
Your Obt. Servant 
Gov. Posey ^' P^^e 

Posey to B. Parke 

Jeffersonville 25th, Dec. 1814 


Har. Pa. 31S-320 

Yours of the 21 inst [see above] I received by last mail and 
shall transmit a cop3^ to the secretary of war. I have not 
received answers to any of my conmninications to the depart- 
ment of v/ar upon Indian affairs, and am at a loss to imagine 
a reason. Should it bo the opinion of the President or secre- 
tary of war that Governor of the Territory already possess 
sufficient authority — clothed with the pov/ers of agency rela- 
tive to the superintendency of Indian aHairs yet it would be 
necessary to receive instructions as relates to the policy of the 
Gen. Goverjiment toward the Indians, particularly those tribes 
who come in with professions of friendship. I know nothing 
of the results or conditions of the treaty v/hich took place last 
summer at Greenville. It shurely Vvill be the best policy and 
most co]iducive to the j^ublic. goo! under existing circum- 
stances (so large a num])er of Indians having come in Avith 
frie}idly overtures to take shelter under our goverinnent) to 


favor their friendly offers, and to aid and assist them. If we 
neglect or reject them the British eniisaries and hostile tribes 
will be actively engaged in their endeavours to gain theni over 
to join our enemy. From what I can learn, there are at pres- 
ent among those Indians who have come in as friends several 
Indians trying to effect this purpose. 

You say three hundred have lately come into Vincennes and 
that you have directed they shall be encamped at or near Fort 
Harrison, where all that have, or may come in to your parts, 
are ordered to rendezuou.s., to meet with such supplies as can 
be procured for them. I know of no arrangements made by 
the Gen. Government to supply the Indians. There is a law 
to supply the Indians. There is a law of Congress to license 
persons to trade with the Indians, \^ithin their own limits; 
and there is a law of the Territory to license persons to trade 
with them, within the part of the Territor^^ to which the In- 
dian title has been extinguished. I shall grant a license under 
the Territorial law, to a person to trade v/ith them at Fort 
Harrison, but wi; h -'ou to recommend a suitable per; on. The 
Indians may exp..- some present/. They must be of a very 
partial nature, unlill I can hear from the Gen. Government. 
1 hope Government will make provision for the friendly In- 
dians and appoint some particular station where they may 
receive supplies. 

With respect to a compensation to j\Ir. Dubois and others, 
who have or may be engaged in Indian affairs, I will endeavor 
to be informed upon that subject, and will give you informa- 
tion. I am very happy to find that ]\Ir. Dubois has had the 
address to appease and bring about a reconciliation by a suita- 
ble present to the chief whose wife was murdered by the U. S. 
Ranger. I hope the fellow will meet a punishment justly due 
him, for perpetrating such a horrid crime. 

I have already vested you with such authority as I possess, 
which from a wrait of information or instructions from the 
Gen. Government, I am not able to define, particularly as to 
the policy to be observed. I am well assured you will do all 
in your power to promote the interest of the U. States. 

I am very respectfully 
Your Obt. Servt. 


Honblc. Judge Ben. Parke Vincennes (Copy) 


Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville 2Tth Doc, 1814 

Har. Pa. 315, J16 


I herewith inclose to you sundry documents, which I think 
essential that you and the President should see. I have writ- 
ten several letters to you which I thought necessary that you 
should be made acquainted with their contents. The Indian 
affairs in this Territory are becoming very important and re- 
quire the attention of the Gen. Government. 1 am cntireh- 
unacquainted with the policy to be observed toward the Indiari 
tribes, who are daily coming in. I know of no provision made 
to afford supplies in this Territory and should they not meet 
v.'ith supplies and attention from our Government they most 
assuredly will go to the enemy Vv4io are ready to supply them 
and are making every exertion to gain them over. I have 
prevailed with Judge [Benjamin] Parke who resides in the 
quarter where the Lidians generally come in, to use his exer- 
tions to conciliate their affectioris, and furnish them occasion- 
ally with pr,)visions and clothirig — such articles as they are 
really in great need of and which probably may be obtained 
from the merchants of Vincennes. The whole of them will be 
encamped at or near Ft. Harrison with liberty to hunt on the 
frontiers and trade with such person as I shall license for the 
purpose under a Territorial lavr. They are at present in a 
verj^ distressed situation, as j^ou may observe from Judge 
Parke's letter. There are about twenty families come into, 
or near Valony. I have been informed they are encamped on 
Sandy Creek [see Nov. 23 above], fifteen or twenty miles 
north of Valony about 70 or 80 miles from this, in Washing- 
ton county. They request to be allowed to hunt and trade. 
The inhabitants on the frontiers appear to be well satisfied 
that they should remain there, thinking it will afford a degree 
of safety from the depredations of the hostile Indians. I be- 
lieve I shall license some person to trade with them. ]Mr. Du- 
bois will give every assistance in his power to Judr.e Parlve. 

I am very Respectfully 

your obt. Pervt. 

Til. Posey 
Hon. James Monroe, Sec, of War 


Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville Ind. Ter. 14th Jan. 1815 

Har. Pa. S38-3JfO 


Your letter of the 22nd Ult. came to liand by last mail, the 
contents of which shall be attended to. I have in sundry let- 
ters addressed to the department of war, been verj^ particular 
to give information as relates to Indian affairs in this Terri- 
tory. One of the 16th Sept. last to Genl. Armstrong and to 
yourself one of the 3rd Nov. the 12th 26th and 28th one of 
the 6th Dec. and of the 27th [see above]. I should not feel 
concerned were I certain those letters or any of them reached 
the department of War, but from no acknowledgement of the 
receipt of any of them, I am fearfull they have miscarried. 

Your letter of the 22nd Ult, [not found] mentions that "It 
has been intimated to this Dept. that several of the hostile 
tribes within the neighbourhood of your Territory arc desir- 
ous of renewing with the United States a state of peace." 

The information conveyed in my letters was respecting In- 
dians that had actually come into our settlements with their 
fa] lilies with a desire of being received upon friendly terms 
and treated in a friendly manner in affording [a sheet gone 

P. S. 

I am informed by the Honble. Jonathan Jennings repre- 
sentative from this Territory in the House of Representatives 
in Congress that he had it from the Department of War, that 
not more than one Maj. Genl. and two Brigadiers will be com- 
missioned for the Militia of this Territory. In that case I 
recommend Joseph Bartholomew as Maj. Gen. Ind Militia aiid 
James Dill for the Eastern half of the Territory and Walter 
Wilson for the Western half of the Territo)y as Brigadiers 
Ind. Militia. 

T. P. 

Pierre Andre to Posey 

VlNCi:NNES 8th Feb. 1815 
Har. Pa. i^G, SIJ 

Dear Sir : 

I herein give you the information received by Lt. [Hya- 
cinth] Lasselle respecting the Indians. An Indian states to 


Lt. Laselle that the Indians have received fifty cag's of povrder, 
lead and flints in proportion at the St. Joseplis and he was 
also informed by one of the Kicliapoos that in the course of 
six weeks it v.'as tlie intention of the Indians to make an 
attack on Ft. Harrison arid would return to the British ini- 
mediatelj* after the attack. He heard one of the Miami In- 
dians also observe on tlie parade one day on seeing the 
me]-! parade, that they should not do it longer than six weeks. 
:;e ^,'as also informed by the Indian called Parish Constance 
that Lapoo. ■ r had received three invitations from the British 
since last fa;!, Lapoosier has also invited Little Eyes v;ith his 
party to go and join him at his camp. 

One of the Kickapo^s has told an old Frenchman who he 
considered as a particular friend that he will give him infor- 
mation when the Indians intend making the attack on the fort. 
The Indians are somevviiat dissatisfied that Government has 
not given presents except what they purcliase with their 

I have two Indians in confi:iement at the Garrison for mis- 
behaving themselves or in consequence of their having at- 
tempted to kill me. 

I am with respect 
Your Humble Scn't. 

Pierre Andrie, Caryl . U. S. Pumgers (Copy) 
Gov. Posey, Jeffersonville 

• B. Parke to Posey 

Vincennes Feb. 15, 1815 

Har. Pa. 340-0 5 2 


I returned from Corydon on the niglit of the 12 inst. Dur- 
ing my absence six horses were taken from the other side of 
the river immediately opposite the village supposed to be 
stolen by the Indians. A short time since tliree Potavvato- 
mies came to Ft. Harrison one of whom for his indolence and 
ma); -O's was chastised by the Commanding Ofiicer, leaving 
the fort with the others, he v.ounded several cattle v.'ithin 
view of the Fort and escaped. The other tsvo vv'^ere taken, 
but upon the ad\ice of I\L [Touissaint] Dubois were after- 
wards discharged. On the afternoon of CAinday last a small 


party of Indians same to Biisseron settlonent, killed a man, 
wounded another badly and took two boys prisoners. A man 
is also missing from the same settlement supposed to be killed 
or taken. It is more than prol^able that this mischief was 
done by the Potawatomies, but as Little Eyes and his party 
and other bands of the Miamies were in the neighborhood of 
the frontiers and might h-.i fallen in with by some of our 
scouts, I directed the inter]n*eter as soon I learned the above 
to go to Little Eyes and advise him of what had happened 
and for him and the other Miamis to remove to the neighbour- 
hood of the Delav\^ares on White river. I have often admon- 
ished the Miamis of the danger of hunting near the frontier 
settlements (see my instructions to Brouilette Nov. 29th). As 
I had no evidence of the Ivliamis having committeed an act of 
hostilit}^ since the treaty I thought that justice and humanity 
required this. I fear the precaution may be useless as I am 
since informed that a considerable party of Citizens rendez- 
voused and marched yesterday with the avowed purpose of 
exterminating Little Ej^es party and other bands friends or 
foes, within their reach. The injuries v/hich the Indians have 
inflicted on the inhabitants of the frontiers are sufficient to 
exasperate them to a high degree, but that men having some 
pretensions to civilization and professing to be Christians 
should under any circum; tances manifest such a Dial^olical 
disposition can scarcely be believed. Yet I am told that a 
preacher of the Gospel is at the head of this party of llrA- 

I herewith enclose you a letter I have received from Lieut. 
[Hyacinth] Lasselle. I think it better to send you the Orig- 
inal than to attempt any translation. I consider it important 
not that I believe there is any probability that the English vrili 
aid the Indians with Cannon in an attack on Ft. Harrison, or 
that there are five thousand Indian v/arriors at St. Joseph, Chi- 
cago, an.' Udiowaky ?, but it shows the diligence ajid zeal of the 
agent and party and of tliat power in disseminating amongst 
tlie Indians whateve]- will have the tendency of strengthening 
their prejudice and increasing their irritation against the U. 
States. It is highly probable that Little Eyes is correct as 
regards the Miamis. What motive could the m^an have in 
misr> presenting the people of his own nation that Labossieur 
is a British partisan. I have been convinced for three months 


but whatever the feelings and views of the ]\IiamiK may be, 

situated as they are, in respect to our settlements, and the 

hostile Indians they cannot remain neutral. They cannot 

muster more than four hundred warriors and are unable to 

oppose their hostile Neighbors the Potawatomies. Besides 

the hostile parties that attack the frontiers commonly retreat 

through their country, to excite suspicions against and to 

draw our scouts amongst them. They must be removed from 

the Country, and taken under the immediate protection of the 

Un, States or they v/ill shortly in all probability be arranged 

with the hostile Indians against us. With respect to stolen 

horses. It appears that several that have been taken since the 

treaty are in the possession of the Miamis and Kickapoos. 

They allege that they procured them from the Potawatomies. 

It may be so. I have urged them to bring in all that have 

been taken since that period, and that their excuse of having 

purchased them from the Potav/atomies was inadmissable. 

Agreeably to your instructions I have employed a Gun 

Smith to work for the friendly Indians. You v/ill see the 

terms upon which he is engaged and the instructions under 

which he is to work for the enclosed notes to Brooks & Brou- 


I have the honor to be vitli great respect 

Your Obedient Servant. 

tT- -c^ n n -n^M^,. B- Parke 

His Excellency Gov. Posey 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville 18th Feby 1815 

Har. Pa. 31,5 


Your letter of the 7th Dec. 1814 I have received by the last 
mail. It was addressed to me at Kaskaskia and no doubt has 
been the rounds of several hundred miles, with a detention at 
the several post offices. I am sorry it did not come to hand 
in due time it would have been very satisfactory and is so at 
the present time as having instruction from the Department 
of War relative to Indian affairs, tho I have acted pretty much 
in conformety to the instructions upon my own responsibility, 
but shall now proceed with confidence. 

It is to be apprehended that the Bi'itish will set the Indians 
on our frontier settlements early in the ensuing spring. I 
herewith enclose you a copy of a letter received within a few 


days from Capt. Pierre Andre [Feb. 8 above] in command at 
Fort Harrison. 

The friendly Indians are generally encamped in the neigh- 
bourhood of Ft. Harrison and a fcvv near Valony and the 
frontier of Franklin county. I have licensed proper charac- 
ters to trade with them. The British arc using every en- 
deavor to draw them off from us. 

Your instructions at any time will be gladly received, and 
executed as promptly as possible. 

I am with great respet. 

Your Obt. Servant 

Hon. James Monroe Sec. of War '^^^' ^^^^^ 

P. S. I shall take the necessary steps to be prepared for 
any invasion of the Indians on the frontiers of this Territory. 

The friendly Indians have had some partial presents made 
them, but they are more unhappy at beirig deprived from get- 
ting whiskey than any other circumstance. 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jefferson viLLE 21st Feb. 1815 

-, Hai: Pa. S^S 


I herewith enclose to you a copy of a letter just received 
from Judge B. Parke [Feb. 15 above] merely to show you the 
indefatigable industry of British agents among the Indians. 

Should the Indians make their threatened attack I have no 
doubt we shall be prepared to receive them. I have ordered 
a detail of militia to be held in readiness to m;!rch at the 
shortest notice. The Rangers and regulars at Vincennes, 
Fort Harrison and the frontiers of the Territory are at pres- 
ent under the co)nmand of Maj. Zachary Taylor of the U. S. 
Infantry. He is a very attentive officer and will do his duty. 

I should be happy to hear that an expedition was concerted 

to undertake an enterprise up the Mississip]n against the Bi'it- 

ish and Indians that may be embodying to inake a stroke upon 

our frontiers. t ir n 

I am very respectfully 

: , :y ;: Your Obt. Servt. 

Til. Posey 
Honblc. Col. James Monroe, Sect, of War 

City of Washington 


B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES May, 10, 1815 

Har. Pa. 6',5/^ 


The regular soldiers in Garrison at this place v/ere mostly 
enlisted for the war, and I suppose will shortly be discharged. 
One Company of Rangers v/as discharged the beginning of 
this month. The balance of that Corps that is now in this 
quarter must be discharged in about six weeks. What then 
v/ill become of Fort Harrison? As to the Fort at this place 
it might be abandoned with propriety, but I would respectfully 
suggest the necessity of Fort Harrison being occupied. Pos- 
sibly it might be best to remove the Foi't to this boundary at 
Raccoon Creek or the Vermillion River. I have heard that 
Col. [James] Miller v/ith his Rogt. is on his march to one of 
the Territories. Probably you may see him and he may have 
authority to arrange in respect to tlie above. I have just 
written to Col. [William] Russell Vvdio is still at St. Louis, on 
the Subject. 


Your Obedient Serva.nt 
B. Parke 
His Excelency Gov. Posey 

P. S. If it were possible for you to visit us and remain here 
a few Vv^eeks, I am confid(-nt it would be highly beneficial to 
this part of the Territory. 

Laframboise to Parke 

Fort Harrison TJay 17, 1815 

Har. Pa. 332 

My father: 

I am sorrj?" to tell you tliat the chiefs v/ho were sent v/ith 
your speech to the Patav/atomies and Kickai-oos have re- 
turned — for this reason — I ]:new that the Bi'itisli have in\'ited 
them to their country and tluit they Vv^ere gone.- 

My father — I listen with pleasure to your sjnjeeh. It v/ould 
be unnecessary foi* us to go to the Kickapoos and Potav/ato- 
mies knowing they could tell us nothing but lies. 

My father — You ] now th:it the Kickapoos and Potavv ato- 
mies told you at tliat they had sent and Express to 


their nations for you — and that they consciiled to send the 
express at Fort Harrison. They told you a lie. 

My father — I bch'eve that the Britisli have sent for the In- 
dians to inform them that peace has been made between the 
U. S. and Great Britain. 

My father — the British sent for us (the Weas) — we are 
determined not to g'o. 


B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES May 19 1815 

Har. Pa. 54.? 


I have just received an Express from Fort Harrison by 
which I am informed that the Kickapoos and Potavv-atomies 
are gone to the British. LaFrambois says that the Idiamis 
will not go. I will &r]id you a c .py of his speech [see May 17 
above] by next mail and which I have not time now to copy 
as the mail is closing. I am novv^ satisfied that my arrange- 
ment with the Indians v»dll end in nothing. 

I have the honor to be respectfully sir Your Obt, Servant. 

B. Parke 
Gov. Posey 
P. S. Your letter of the 12 inst. is received. 

B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES May 25th 1815 

Har. Pa. C50-.J(U 


I informed you in my letter of the 18th inst. of the arri^•al 
of the Owl and two other Indians. The one his son, tlie other 
called Popping Dick [see index McGowan]. I put them in a 
house v/here I was in hopes tlicy v/ould be safe. Frid<'iy night 
a gi.;i was fired througli the door Vvdiich wounded Dick in the 
foot. He M'as sent to tlie fort and is undo' the care of the 
surgeon. The Owl an.d his son I took to my own liou^e. A 
trader starting for Fort Harrison on Monday, I got them jn:!- 
vately to his boat and v\'as in hopes of bein; . rid of them. Tlie 
trader finding it as lie thouglit, dangerous to proceed returned 
next morning'. I shall have some diil'iculty iu g(;tLing them oil' 


as I have been in formed over and over that all the road from 
this to the frontier are constantly patroled for the purpose 
of intercepting and destroying" these people on their return. 
This is a sad state of society and such as I hope never again to 
witness. Believing that some parties of citizens might prob- 
ably attempt to do some injuiy to the friendly Indians, I ap- 
prized them of it, advised them to remove which they were 
to do on ]\Ionday. Since I was told that a large party of citi- 
zens have passed the frontiers determined to put to death 
every Indian they meet. I do not believe that they will find 
the Weas. 

The Ov/1 inforjns me that he heard the same report.s in the 
Ind'-n country of which I have lately informed you that the 
Kic)' ooos and Potawatomies are not to be relyed on and that 
Pec is clearly for and gone to the English. 

I iclose you a letter I have just received from the Col. 
[William] Russel). As you are in full possession of all the 
infoi lation relative to the situation of affairs here you vrill 
deteii.iine on the measures it is necessary to adopt. [Pierre] 
Andre's Company was discharged the first of this month but 
I believe he a^ his Lieut. [Hya^ inth] Lassal" would enter 
again; if nec^_ ;ary could soon get his company together. 
[Frederick] Sholts I believe intends to leave the Service. He 
has promised me to write you respecting his Company. 

The party mentioned by Labousiur was the one that de- 
feated ]\Ir. Morrison. Twenty-five of them returned by La- 
bosiurs camp with four horses and some other plunder of 
]Morrison's Camp, and Mr. Boyez of this place prisoner thay 
had taken anolier prisoner but being badly wounded they 
Tomhav/.ced him. One of Morrisons party is still not ac- 
counted for. Sin-ma-dall [Six Medals] mentioned by La- 
bossiur is a son of the Five Medals who signed the Treaty at 

I most earnestly repeat my request tliat you will imariedi- 

ately visit this part of the Territory. I assure you I thir.k 

it indispensibly necessary and am happy to learn that youi' 

health is so completely restored that you could do it witliout 

the least personal inconvenience. 

Yours respectfully 

^ B. Parke 

Governor Posey 

P. S. 

Since v/riting the above a man has come in who had been 


with the party of citizens I have mentloiied. He loft them 
(from 60 to 100 in no.) beyond the frontiers on the trail of 
the retreating- enemy Indians and determined to follow them 
till last night. If in this pursuit friendly Indians be fallen in 
with they cannot be readily distinguished from Enemy In- 
dians. Of the danger to which they ought to subjected on 
such occasions I have repeatedly informed them and from it 
endeavored to convince them of the necessity of active execu- 
tions on their part to prevent the approach of the hostile In- 
dians. But I believe if they have committed no act of hos- 
tility it is very certain that they have never raised hands to 
oppose the passage through their county of the hostile Indians 
from the upper country. However they have frequently given 
information at Fort Harrison of some approach. 

B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES, May 25, 1815 Evening 

Har. Pa. 337 


I do not know that as Governor you have authority to order 
Militia into the Service of the U. S. and you will determine 
whether Col. [William] Russells Letter confers any. 

As to my opinion, I really think that two companies ought 
to be immediately raised for the protection of the Wabash 
settlements. Possibly one, ^vith [Frederick] Sholts Company 
as a mere defensive measure might answer. 

If you should determine to call any men into service please 
state specially the terms and conditions upon which they are 
to serve. The period of service — pay — whether found — or to 
be found by the public in rations — to be mounted or dis- 
mounted — and the number officers — non-commissioned officers 
and privates to a company. 

Sholts' Company as I have iiiformed you goes out of service 
the beginning of July. The Captain wishes me to inform you 
that although he is desirous of quitting the Service he will if 
necessr^ry continue for a term longer. He can have a com- 
pany i.imediately after his Ranger command expires. I think 
him a good officer as much so at least, as any you will probably 
get. He say.i that his Lieut. [Enoch] Blasdel will continue 
if desired. He is a clever fellow. 

Captain [Pierre] Andre and Lieut [Hyacinth] Lasselle have 
called upon us and requested me to inform you that they v.ill 


enter ag'ain with pleasure. I beJiovc you could not get two bet- 
ter men liere. If desired they can have a company in two or 
three days. The other Subaltern [Harvey] Gregg \Vd, join 
them, at a word if notified of it. 

John F. Myers and Pierre Laplante have requested me to 
mention them as desirous of raising a companj^ of volunteers 
for the defence of the frontiers. The former, formerly be- 
longed to Captain [William] Perry's Rangers and the latter 
to [Parmemis] Becke . and Andres. They think that they 
could raise m company with ease. How well they would officer 
one I do not know. Captain Sholts thinks it would not do. 

After the first next month of this Ranger Corps, Sholts 
Company only, continues in service there ought to be from 
fifty to one hundred men in Garrison at Fort Harrison. 

Should Militia be called for and it be so arranged it would 
be much the best that they should be furnished by the publick, 
Rangers furnishing themselves is an abominable feature in 
that system and the contractor here says he is full}^ competent 
to furnish what will be necessary foi two companies. 
Yours respectfully 

B. Parke 
Governor PoSEY 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville Ind. Ter. SOtli T»Iay, 1815 

Har. Pa. S.10 


I herewith inclose sundry documents recently re^ .dved from 
Judge B. Parke who acts as deputy Indian Agent at Vinccnnes, 
Fort Harrison etc. You will observe from those documents 
that our frontier is very much infested by hostile Indians. I 
am fearful from information received through various chan- 
nels that the Indians will be extremely troublesome. Scout- 
ing p.Tties are not sufllcient to keep them under; probably it 
will be necessary to send a coiisiderable force into the Indian 
country to bring them to a right understanding. This is a 
measure to be considered by the departm.cnt of war. Certain 
it is, that some s])eody and effectual measures should be 
ado])ted to r ve security to our frontier settlers. True it is, 
that I could and have at sundry times ordred out the Militia 
to scour along the fi'ontiers, but this mode proved inelfectual. 


The time of service of the rangers has g'enerally expired and 
we have no regular forces, You will please to write me upon 
the foregoing subjects. 

I have the honor to be vrith great respect. 
Your Obedient Servant. 

Honbl. the Acting Sect, of Vv'ar, 
City of \Vashtngton 

Til Posey 

Posey to Secretary of War 
Jefferson viLTE Indiana Territory August 3rd, 1815 

Har. Pa. Shl-Sh^ 


The rangers having served tlie time for which they were 
raised and being discharged and the hostile bands of Indian.s 
committing depredations upiai our defenceless inhabitants, I 
ordered several companies of -Militia to guard tlie frontiers, 
but before they were organized I received a requisition from 
Col. [William] Russell (who vras in cominand of this district) 
to have two complete companies of mounted l^Iihtia to supply 
the place of the rangers. I then declined ordering out all the 
Militia infantry and have agreeably to the requisition raised 
two volunteer companies of mounted I\Iilitia to serve six 
months except sooner discliarged. As soon as they were 
mustered into service the muster-rolls were sent q\\ to the com- 
mandant at St. Louis supposing it to be the proper channel 
to report through and the commandant (Col. Russell) re- 
turned the muster-rolls. It being necessary they should be re- 
ported to the department of vrar through some channels, I 
have herewith enclosed them accordingly The IMount; d vol- 
unteers above mentioned cannot furnish themselves v/ith ra- 
tions and forage. Col. Russell gave orders that the contra! tor 
should furnish rations but has r\\v le no arra igement for sup- 
plying forage. I could wish to have instructions upon that 
head and it will be necessary that tliey should be attended in 
case of sickness by a physician. The commandant at St. Louis 
would give no ii' .tructioriS relative to forage or medical aid. 

I am very respect, vour Obt. Ser „ „ 

' • Th. Posey 

Acting Sect, of War, City of W.^siiington 

P. S. The Indians heretofore hostile, still discover a very 
inveterate & hostile disposiLion. I am of opinion nothing sat- 


isfactory will take place with them as to a peaceful disposition 
until they are humbled. 

B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES Nov. 1st, 1815 

Har. Pa. ^53-356 


On the 19th Ult. I informed you of my intention of visiting 
the Weas and Vermillion Kickapoos. I saw all the Chiefs but 
one and was much gratified with their orderly conduct and the 
desire they manifested of attoning for their past errors and 
misconduct. They now appear to be sensible of the iDenefits 
resulting from a state of peace and the interest tliey have in 
preserving it. 

A chief of the Vermillion Kickapoos treated with the Com- 
missioners, and made peace at Portage Des Sioux, were on 
their way to the Embarrass and Sangamond, the former a 
branch of the Wabash, the latter of the Illinois and both in the 
adjoining Territory. Those on the Enibarass will be about 
one and those on the Sangamond not more than three days 
Journey from Fort Harrison. He further states that on their 
arrival on those waters for their Winters hunt a deputation of 
their Chiefs intended to visit me. There are still too many 
exasperated, unprincipled men in those settlements to render 
it safe for the Indians to come to this place. And should the 
Chiefs of that Tribe really wish to see me, I will meet them 
at the Fort. They however properly belong to Gov. [Ninian] 
Edward's agency and I am ignorant of liie arrangemer ts that 
have been made at Portage des Sioux. 

The same chief informed me that he had understood that 
the Shaw];eese and other adherents of the Prophet intended 
to re-establish themselves at Tipi ';canoe. Should those mis- 
creants return to that place it will be for the purpose of ex- 
citing mischief and dissentions amongst the Wabash Indians. 

In the spring of 1812 a miserable remnant of the Pyanka- 
shaws residing in the neighbourhood of this place were for 
their siifety advised to remove back into the Indian Country. 
They settled on the neighbourhood of the Kickapoos. Russels 
expedition drove them i'roiii thence. Tliey then went to the 
Missouri where they were taken piisoners by a detachment of 
Rangers avid Militir. They h;'.ve since been under the pro- 
tection of <!.nd I believe subsisted by tbc V. State in the Mis- 


souri Ty. They now earnestly solicit to return to their old 
hunting grounds on the Embarrass and little Wabash and liave 
sent me a talk to obtain permission for that purpose. They 
have I believe a considerable Tract of Country between the 
lands they sold the United States and the lands of the ICicka- 
poos but all in the Illinois Territory. I shall therefore not 
give the permission solicited unless instructed so to do. Were 
they pennitted to return all public business might be 
easil}' dispatched with them, as also the Prairie Kickapoos at 
Ft. Harrison, as it now is with the Weas and Vermillion Kick- 

Maj. [Willoughby] Morgan occupying Fort Harrison with 
two companies it is no longer convenient for the inteipreter 
and Gunsmith to remain in it. I have purchased near the 
Fort a small Cabin, part finished completing that and building 
another adjoining it f o ■ a shop accommodation will be afforded 
them. The house will also serve as a place of rendezvous for 
the Indians who resort to that place. On Saturday last Maj. 
Morgan discharged the Militia Rangers raised under the requi- 
sition of Col. Russell a few months since. 

Whilst the Rangers were in Service, I had to hire an ex- 
press but in a single case, the Officers of that Corps kindly fur- 
nished me men for that service. I had occasion frequently 
for them. Scarcely a week elapsed that I did not receive a 
communication from the Indians that required attention as 
it would not be prudent for [Michel] Broulette to send an In- 
dian messenger to mo, it will scarcely be possible for him to 
get an express at tl; Fort. And to depend on transient per- 
sons would not comprt with the Public Interest. I could wish 
to engage a man for three five or six months upon the terms 
on which the rangers were enlisted. Until Januarj^ he ought 
to go to the Fort and return weekly during the frosts and 
high waters of the winter and spring once in t\>'0 weeks. I 
believe it would be as che- p, cheaper to the Goveramcnt than 
hireing men as occasion may require and would insure a safe 
and expeditious mode of transmiting inteligerjce to and from 
the Indian Country. 

The proposition is respectfully submitted for your determi- 
nation. T i.r n r<- 

I am respectfully Sir your 

Obe. Servant. 
His Excellency Gov. Posey ^' "^^^^^ 



Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville Ind. Ter. 12 Nov. 1815 

Har. Pa. S57 


Thinking it necessary that the department of war should 
be made acquainted with the present temper and disposition 
of the Indians within my district, I herewith enclose to you a 
copy of a letter from Judge B. Park [Nov. 1 above], who 
I have been under the necessity of employing as an assistant 
in Indian affairs owing to the dispersed situation of the In- 
dians at different st-itions upon our frontiers. In addition to 
Judge Parke's letter, I inform you that all the tribes at other 
stations as well as Ft. Harrison are very amiably disposed. 
All the friendly Indians have been greatly distressed for the 
want of provision and to relieve their distresses only in a 
moderate degree, I have given them partial supplies, which I 
presume will meet the approbation of Government. I have 
licensed Traders to furnisl the Indians at the different sta- 
tions and I am in hopes they will be enabled to furnish them- 
selves considerably if not altogether by hunting. In all the 
accounts which I have sanctioned and sent on to the depart- 
ment of War, I have endeavored to economise as much as pos- 
sible and have endeavored to explain the necessity of furnish- 
ing the several articles charged by accompany 'ig documents 
where they were not sufficiently explained in tlie account. 

I am with great respc .'t 
;;; Your Humble Servt. 

-.- ' v. r .-■ Th. Posey 

Honble. William H. Crawford 

City of Washington 

'' ■■• ';"' Posey TO General Assembly 

Jeffersonville Dec 4 1815 

ii. ss. in Sec. of State's Office 

Regular Message 

Gentlemen of the Legislative Council ana of the House of 
The period for the meeting of the legislature of the terri- 
tory has once more arrived, and it is with th most heartfelt 


satisfaction that I now congratulate you, that since your last 
meetincT, a bloody war has been terminated by an honorable 
peace, le blessings of which have been diffused and felt 
throughout our beloved country. We cannot be too grateful to 
that providence, in whose hand:; are the destinies of nations, 
that he has blessed our efforts in a just and arduous struggle, 
with a poY/erful and ambitious enemy, and finally crowned 
them with the most glorious sue ss. This event has furnished 
a new era in our history, from Vv liich the most flattering pres 
ages may be drawn ; it has taught us confidence in ourselves, 
and demonstrated the efffciency of a free government in war, 
as well as in peace. These political blessings which are of a 
nature so interesting and important, were not obtained but at 
the expense of blood and treasure and individual privation; 
these however are the natural concomitants of war, and should 
be cheerfully submitted to, in order to insure great national ob- 
jects. In no section of the union is there more cause for 
rejoicing at the restoration of peace than in this territory. A 
cruel and bloodthirsty enemy, who border on our frontier, and 
whose mode of warfare ] the indiscriminate slaughter of the 
infants, the aged, and ihe helpless part of the community, 
have agreed to bury the tomahawk, and once more live with 
us in the bonds of friendship. From this event has flowed 
and is still flowing the most lasting benefits to our country; 
an emigration which is rapidly populating our fertile lands, 
and which in a little time will enable us to be admitted into 
the political family of the union as an independent state. 

Permit me to recommend to the legislature the propriety as 
well as justice of imposing as modei'ate taxes on the emigrants 
to the territory as may be compatible with the public interest. 
Most of them ha\ removed from a great distance, at a con- 
siderable expense. They have to encounter many difficulties 
in opening their farms for cultivation, before they can derive 
a supp;.-rt, much more a profit from them ; and con? oquently 
their ability will be excus^^d from contributing largely for a 
short time to the public exigencies. These circumstances are 
not unknown to you genthnnen, and I make no doubt "svlien 
you take up the subject of taxation you will give them that 
consideration which theii" importance merits. 

The present seems to be a favorable time to airn your atten- 
tion to the promotion of education and the improvement of the 


state of roads and highways. Both of these subjects h; 
been already acted on. By reviving them a knowledge of 
their practical operation, may demonstrate the necessity of 
making alterations and improvements that will be extensively 

A revision of the territorial lav, s is highly necessary and 
should be taken up as early in the session as possible. There 
have not been for some time any of the acts of 1808 or 1810 
to distribute to justices of the peace and others who wore en- 
titled to them; in fact from their detached and deranged situ- 
ation, the laws have become complicated and difficult to be 
searched out and properly understood. 

Every dictate c'^ prudence recommends an amendment to 
the militi • system, so as to render it free from any unnecessary 
delay in its operation, and to secure by more certain and ade- 
quate punishments, prompt obedience to such requisitions as 
emergencies may fi'om time to time require. 

I cannot close this communication, without expressing my 
coniidcj ice in a wise and honorable result to your deliberations, 
and assurances of the faithful zeal with which my cooperating 
duties will be discharged ; invoking at the same time the bless- 
ing,-^, of Heaven on our beloved country. 

Th. Posey 

■'- • ' Harrison to Congress 

Cincinnati December 20, 1815 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Af. I, 650 

In a letter which I had the honor to receive from Mr. Fisk, 
who was the chairman of a committee appointed, in. the spring 
of 1814, to inquire into the complaints of improper interfer- 
ences with the contractors by the commanding generals, and 
which letter was dated August 3d, 1814, he says, that he "had 
formed an unfavo ible opinion of me, from some statements 
which had been made to the committee, suppoiled by docu- 
ments, chiefly my ov/n letters, substantiating the following 
facts, viz : that, in a letter addressed by me to the contracted' 
Mr. [B. G.] Orr, about the 24th of June, 1813, I informed liiin 
that I had provisions enought on hand for fourteen thousand 
men for one yeai-, that about the 2'lth of August of the same 
year, I made a large requisition upon him for supplies, which, 
in consequence of the former letter, he was unable to furnish, 


and that I liad also caused large purchases to be made by the 
commissaries of the army after the said 2-lth of Juri:\ and 
that, notwithstanding- all this, the army vranted provisions at 
Maiden, and on the expedition to the ^Moravian towns." Never 
was there a more artful combination of truth and falsehood 
than this statement contains. The army did not want pro- 
visions at Maiden; it remained at that place but one night. 
The troops had drawn provisions for that and the following 
day, and there \Yere at least eighty thousand rations on board 
the vessels, at the wharfs, at the distance of only one hundred 
yards from the encampment. I should indeed but illy have 
deserved the situation which I occupied if I had invaded an 
enemy's country without a single day's provisions for my 
troops. Could I, for a moment, have presei^-ed the confidence 
of a single man in the army under such circumstances? 
What Vv'ould have been the feelings of the volunteers, and their 
venerable and patriotic leader? Would not the latter have 
denounced me immediately to the Government as entirely' in- 
competent to t-\e command? And yet I do Imovr that, not- 
withstanding the army did want provisions when operating 
on the Thames, so entirely evident was this want beyond exer- 
tions of mine to prevent, that Governor Shelby, who vas inti- 
mately acquainted with i\\\ my plans, and wit" the whole 
course of my conduct has continued to speak of me, and to 
write of me, in a manner far (I must acknovrledge) beyond 
either my merits or pretensions. His letters to the President 
will prove this. I shall advance nothing in this statement 
without adducing evidence in support of it, although the state- 
ment which I shall make will be so consistent that I trust it 
would, of itself, have carried conviction to the minds of the 
committee. I ask them, therefore, to refer to my official ac- 
count of the operations at Detroit, and upon the Thames, in 
which it is stated that the vessels which had been sent back 
from ?<Talden for provisions had been driven to the lower end 
of the lake, by a storm, and that they had not arrived at that 
time, nor, indeed, did they arrive until after I had sailed for 
Buffalo. L'i on what, then, could tlie army, the prisoners, the 
Indians, with whom I was treating, and the inhabitants of 
Detroit, a part of whom I v»;'.s' obliged to supply, subsist from 
the 27th of Sc]'tembcr to the 12th or 15th of October, but upon 
the provisions which were taken over with the troops? I 


acknowledge that the}' were not well supplied, but tlie issues 
could not have been less than seven thou. sand rations per diem. 
Fiom the following statement it will appear that the contrac- 
tors, and not me, were to blame for the deficiency of pro- 
visions, and that if I had relied entirely upon them the army 
would have starved. I cannot find in any of my letters to 
the contractors, that I ever said I had provisions for fourteen 
thousand men for one year. In the letter of the 20th of June, 
the paragraph in relation to this subject stands tlius: "there 
is, I imagine, full as much provisions on 1 nd, the property of 
the United States, as will be wanted for the campaign, some 
fresh beef excepted." 

In the letter of the 22d of June, I state, that "there will be 
quite provisions enough for all the troops that are to be em- 
ployed at least until the 1st of December," The difference be- 
tween the statement is, however, not at all material to the 
argunTnt, since I broadly acknov/ledge that I not only directed 
the C( ractor to procure no provisions for the campaign, but 
compL.ined to the Secretary of War that he had made consid- 
erable purchases at Cleveland. By ef erring to a map of the 
State of Ohio, the movements of the northwestern army on the 
three lines of operation leading from the first to the second 
military base may be traced as follows, viz: the right line 
ascending the Scioto river from Delaware and descending San- 
dusky river to Upper and then to Lower Sandusky. The left 
taking the direction c' that branch of the T\Iiami of the Ohio 
which interlocks with die i^Iiami of the lake, crossed the Por- 
tage between them, and descended the latter river to Fort 
Meigs. I shall advance nothing in this statement but what is 
supported by an original document sent with it, or which will 
be confiremed by the persons to whom I shall refer, and who 
a:"e within reach of the committee. For the quantity of pro- 
visions on hand at the date of my letter to ]\Ir. Orr, 24th June, 
see original returns of the commissaries, marked No. 1. I 
have no return by me of the quantity of provisions on hand at 
Fort IMeigs in J. le, 1813, but the deposition of Captain 
[Williar.i] Oliver, th/ commissary, accompanying this, will 
furnish it. ]\Iy estimate is eight hundred barrels of flour and 
a much larger quantity of meat. If this estimate is correct, 
we have on the left and centre lines, and at Fort I^.Ieigs, which 
terminated th( .n, flour equal to nine hundred and forty thou- 


sand rations, and half that number of rations of salted acat. 
The above provisions were purchased under a particular order 
from the Secretary of War. These facts can bo ascertained 
by reference to the War Otnce and Colonel [James] ]Morri- 
son, and ti.e honorable ]\Ir. Creighton. Admitting; that of this 
quantity there had been consumed, on the 24th of June, 1813, 
four hundred thousand rations, which is a large allov\'ance, 
there will remain for this line, one n.illion five hundred thou- 
sand of all the component parts of the rations, meat excepted, 
for a considerable quantity of the meat procured for this line 
had bci I driven to Fort ]Meigs in the preceding winter, and 
there salted. 

From these facts it will be admitted that, on the 22d June, 
1813, 1 was authorized to say we had provisions enough on 
hand for the campaign. But by what sad reverses were these 
bright prospects so blasted that it became necessarj'' to pur- 
chase more provisions, and in August to call upon the con- 
tractors for a large supply? From the affidavit of Mr. Pirtt, 
and from the personal evidence which he will give to the com- 
mittee, it \n\\ be seen that it is not true that provisions were 
purchased by the commissaries of the army after the month 
of June, and before the montli of September, excepting some 
beef cattle, to no g. -at amount, to make the other component 
parts of the rations on hand complete rations. The call upon 
the contractor was rendered necessary from the follovring cir- 
cumstances : The provisions on the left line were brought 
from the I\Iiami country, and deposited at St. Mary's on the 
river of that name, and at Amanda, on the Auglaize, (called 
on the map Tawa town) and boats were prepared at each of 
those places to take them for fort jMeigs. The greater part 
of the boats were upon the arrival of General [Green] Clay's 
brigade of Kentucky militia in the latter end of April, and by 
that ofiicer very properly taken to convey his troops to the 
re ief of fort ]\Icigs, then besieged by the enemy. Part of the 
flour was, however, taken down as far as Fort Winchester, 
and there left, that the troops might be unincumbered with it 
in their approach to the enemy. After the siege of fort I\Ieigs 
was raised, orders v/ere given to provide other boats at St. 
T^i'uy's and Amanda, (those which had descended could not 
be taken back) and when I wrote to th'i contractors, on the 
22d of June, I had still strong hopes that, by the usual re- 


currence of a fresh at that season, the provisions might be 
brought down. In this hope I was, however, disappoint<'d. 
Mr. Piatt knows better than I do how much of it reached fort 
Meigs. My own belief is that a very fevv^ barrels of that 
which was deposited at Fort Winchester arrived, and that in 
a damaged state. Very early in the spring a large deposite 
of flour had been made at fort ]\Ieigs; to that place also, largo 
droves of hogs and beeves were driven from Urbana and 
Franklintoii. The preservation of this provision engaged my 
early and particular attention. The flour was put under 
cover before the sick wei'e sheltered in any other way than by 
tents; barrels were ordered to be prepared for the pork and 
beef; but, as it was necessary to salt it before these could be 
made ready, the meat was put in la^ . e vats which were 
deemed safe, as ship carpenters were employed to make and 
calk them. Notwithstanding all my personal care and atten- 
tion, hoY;ever, a great part of the flour as well as the meat 
spoiled. During the siege of fort Meigs the covering of the 
flour was destroyed by the enemy's shot, and a great number 
of the barrels shattered, and the whole exp.;sed to the eoli- 
th' aed rains which fell for several weeks. Apprised of this 
circumstance, I directed that it should be overhauled, sift d 
and repacked, and iS much as possible baked into biscuits. 
This business was in full operation when the enemy made 
tlieir seco]id appearance, and caused it to be suspended. Upon 
the final report of the state of the provisions at fort Tileigs in 
August, I found that a considerable quantity of the flour had 
been destroyed. A great doal of the salted meat was vho 
spoiled, supposed to be occasioned by the shot from the 
enemy's batteries causing the reservoirs to leali. The garri- 
son, too, had been obliged to use the salt meat contrary to my 
intention, as the communication was intercepted, and the 
fresh beef could not be taken to them. The supplies upon the 
right Vvdng had also sufl'ei'ed very materially. The flour was 
principally i.archasc.l in the neighboi'hood of Cliiiicothe, froin 
whence it was taken in wagons to Franklvnton, Delaware; 
from those places to Norton ; from Norton to Upper San- 
dusky, a id from that to Lov/er Sandusky. From these re- 
peated changes of the carriages, f]'om the frequent loading and 
unloading, and from the excessive bad I'oads, the barrels Vv'ere 
much broken, ar.d the militia officers, v.dio commanded at the 


several d 'pots, were' not as attentive as they oiigiit to have 
been in the construction of sheds to keep them from the 
weather. From these causes the greater part of the flour vras 
much injured, altliough it was all examined, and the sound 
part separated from that which was damaged and repacked; 
the loss was very considerable. The consumption upon this 
vring was also unexpectedly inci'eased to an enormous amount 
from the number of the Ohio militia wliich turned out to repel 
the second invasion of the enemy, and from the unnecessary 
retention of tv/o thousand of them at Upper Sandusky, after 
the enemy had retired. On the 18th of August I had ascer- 
tained that there v/ould be a deficiency of salted provision in 
the public depots, and as I knew that the contractors had a 
quantity of iliat article at Cleveland, which they never had 
been required to purchase, I addressed a letter to their agent, 
requiring of them two hundred thousand rations of salt meat 
for the consumption of the troops when in Canada. I did not 
at that time suppose that the flour would be wanted ; but as it 
would have been unjust to have obliged the contractors to fur- 
nish the salted meat, which was then scarce, and upon which 
they would probably lose, I gave then the option of furnishing 
the other parts of the vation or not, as they pleased. See the 
original draughts of my letter, (No. 2) and ^Ir. Greely's an- 
swer, (No. 3) enclosing the return of provisions on hand a. 
Cleveland, by which it will appear that they had at that time 
upwards of three-fourths of the whole quantity demanded. 
It is true that I\Ir. Orr (see his letter No. 4) contradicts the 
statement of his partner, Mr. Greely; but the reason of his 
doing so was soon explained. Upon his arrival at headquar- 
ters, about the 7th of Scpteniber, he stated to me that the Sec- 
retary of War would not pay his draughts unless they were 
sanctioned by me upon an estimate of the cost of provision 
which I might require of him. I agi'eed to authorize his draw- 
ing, upon his submitting an estimate. His letter and esti- 
mate, (No. 5) will show that he ^^^shed the Government to 
advance the whole cost of the three hundred thousand rations 
vv'hich had been required ( i him, although he had on hand the 
greater part of the amount purchased with funds that had 
been placed in his hands when he took the contract. I refused 
to sanction his drawing for more than a reasonable advance 
upon the provisions which wei'c then to be purchased. Tlie 


whole affair was explained to the Secrctaiy of War in a letter 
of the 8th of September. This refusal of mine to suffer Orr 
to draw for sixty thousand dollars to purchase one hundred and 
thirty-five thousand rations, (which was tlie quantity wantod 
to make up the three hundred thousand which v/ere I'cquired ) 
gave the first shock to the good understanding which had sub- 
sisted between us, and my taking him severely to task, when 
the army ^yas crossing the lake, for not providing vessels to 
transport his provisions, entirely destroyed it 

From the foregoing s^ tement it willi I trust, be acknowl- 
edged that, In June 18la, I w s authorized to say that there 
w.s sufficiency of provisions in the public stores fci the con- 
templated campaign, and that there was nothing unjust 
towaras the contractors, or injurious to the public interests, 
m the demand of three hundred thousand rations in the latter 
end of Augiist, since I knew that the greater part was on 
hand I acknowledge that, at the time I gave the order, I 
thought it probable that all the salted meat required could not 
be procured, and certainly I should not have blamed thecon- 
tractors for not performing impossibilities. The troops did 
not suffer because this provision vras not purcl ed but thev 
were stinted in their supplies at Detroit, because the contrac- 
tors did not (as they might have done) procure the means of 
tiansporting their provisions across the lake. The demand 
for. the three hundred thousand rations was made to render 
security more sure"; a maxim that should be constantly in 
the mmd of every general when providing for the subsistence 
01 his :.rmy m a wilderness, or in an exhausted country Hov^ 
many m other respects well-planned enterprises have failed 
fmn neglecting it? The great King- of Prussia, who, .bove 
all otl .T generals, was famous for ascertaining the subsis- 
tence of his army, failed in an attempt upon Olmutz, in the 
seven year s war, because for once he trusted to a single 
resource Had he succeeded in this attempt, he mMn. m % 
few week's ; fter, have dictated the terms of peace to the 
Empress Queen in her ca])ital. But, without recurring to re- 
mote examp^ ., our own annals furnish a fatal instance of the 

lln^n f ; 'i ' '^^'''' ^'^^"'^^^ Wilkinson says that he was 
unable to ake Montreal in the fall of 1813, because ho was 
not joined by the corps under General [Wade] Hampton; and 
the latter asserts that he could not form the desired junction 
lor want of provisions 


I have never heard that the retention of the provisions, pur- 
chased by the agents of the United States in the hnnds of tlieir 
commissaries after the commencement of JMr. Orr's contract, 
formed a part of his complaints against me. If such, should 
be the case, hovrever, Colonel ]Morrison will give the commit- 
tee the most satisf; etory information upon the subject. It 
was in pursuance of his advice that I prescribed the terms 
upon which the provisions should be delivered, and Vvdiich were 
refused by 'Mr. Orr. 

Mr. Orr has asserted that he cleared one hundred thousand 
dollars by the contract, and that, but for me, he would have 
made three hundred thousand. (See the depositions of Cap- 
tain Reed, late assistant deinity quarter-master general and 
three other gent/emen, marked No. 6) I know of no act of 
mine that could have operated so injuriously to the interests 
of the contractors, unless in the two instances in wh'ch their 
entire failure to supply the troops was cor:; cted by purcliases 
made by the officers of the United States. Upon my return 
into the district, in .January, 1814, Captain Oliver, the com- 
missary, waited on me to inform me that he was then em- 
ployed, under an order from Brigadier General Cass, in pu'-- 
chasing provisions for the troops at Detroit, who were almost 
in a starving situation in consequence on the neglect of tlie 
contractors to comply with General Cass's requisitions. I ap- 
proved of the order which had been given to General Cass, and 
his successor, in the command of Detroit Colonel Butler, and 
directed Captain Oliver to continue his exertions to execute 
them. (See the deposition of Captain Oliver, No. 7.) I had 
scarcelj^ disposed of this affair wlien I was alarmed by the 
intelligence received from Llajor General Gano, of the Ohio 
militia, to whomi was entrusted the defence of Lowei' San- 
dusky and Put-in-ba3% at the latter of which lay the prize 
ships taken from the enemy, that the troops at those places 
were siip]:ilied with provisions from the contractors had been 
unavailing. (See T deposition of General Gano No. 8) The 
matter was so urgent that no time was to be lost. Captain 
Oliver was, th .'efore, instru.cted to make a contract for the 
delivery nf forty tliousand rations, at Lower Sandusky, with 
the utmost possible despatch, to make the best bargain he 
could for the interests of the contractors, but to give a price 
whi( h would insur: the delivery of the p] ^visions. What less 


could have been done in the tv\^o cases here mentioned? Should 
I have countermanded tlie orders given by General Cass and 
Colonel Butlei-, by the execution of which alone the important 
posts at Detroit and I^.Ialden could be preserved, or should I 
have permitted the enemy to retalie the ships in harbor, at 
Put-in-bay, which vvould have enabled them again to contend 
for the superioi'ity on the lakes, for fear that I sliould deprive 
Mr. Orr of the opp;irtunity of making three hundred thousand 
dollars instead of one hundred thousand? 

In order to gain credit to his complaints of persecution 
from me, it Vv^as conceived to be necessary by Mr. Orr and his 
friends lo assign some motive for it, and they have chosen to 
account for it by supposing partiality, on my part, towards 
Mr. John IT. Piatt, the Deputy Commissary General. As this 
officer was allowed a certain per centum upon his expendi- 
tures, his emohriiient, consequently, increased by every order 
to purchase provisions. The contractors Vv^ere made to fail, in 
order that business might be throv/n in Piatt's hands ; and I 
believe that it has been more than insinuated that we divided 
the spoil. By referring to Mr. Piatt's deposition. No. 9, it 
will be seen, and the fac :'an be verified by his account;' which 
have been passed at the War Office, that after the commence- 
ment of Oi'r's contract, Piatt never received an ord'. r from me 
to purchase any provisions, but in a single instance, and that 
was some beef cattle for the purpose of making the flour and 
other component parts of tue rations in the hands of the 
United States commissaries complete rations. Tiie order for 
the purchases to remedy the failure of the contractors at De- 
troit and Maiden, in the winter of 1813-1814, was given when 
I was out of the district, first by General Cass, and aftervv^ards 
by Colonel Butler, that for the supply of Sandusky and the 
Bass islands' was committed to Captain Oliver. To give color 
to my supposed subserviency to the interests of Mr. Piatt, it 
has, I understand, been asserted that I drew him from obscur- 
ity to place him in the lucrative ofilce which he filled. This 
story is just as false as the inference that is drawn from it. 
I was a perf( ct stranger to Mr. Piatt when I found liira upon 
the frontier.^ of this State acting as purchasing commissary 
under an appointment from General Hull. I continue i him in. 
opposition to Iho claims of a friend of eighteen years sti.inding, 
because I was informe.I that he had given great satisfaction 


to Hull's army by his zeal and industry. (See certificates of 
Generals Taylor, Findlay, and Colonel Jesup -narked No. 10) 
With Mr. Piatt I never had any connexion, but in the relation 
of commanding" general and commissary, in my life. If exam- 
ined upon oath by the committee he will testify that all the 
pecuniaiy trar;sactions v^'hich ever passed between us were me 
renting a house from him iri Cincinnati for my family, for 
which he charged me more than the preceding tenant had paid ; 
his purchasing two yoke of oxen from my farm after I had left 
the army, and a book account of fifty dollars, principally for 
articles furnished my family in my absence. In a case of this 
kind, where even the suspicion of improper conduct would be 
nearly as fatal to my character as a conviction of guilt, all 
delicacy should be laid aside and the affair examined to the 
bottom. It is, therefore, my earnest vvish that Colonel J.Iori- 
son, Mr. Piatt, and such other officers as served under me, 
who are within reach C the committee, may be required to 
testify.' not only as to the f ; cts, but to declare their opinion 
and the general impressions existing in the army. It would 
be V cy difficult to exhibit positive proof of the corruption of 
a commanding general, bi^t there are a thousand circum- 
stances which might come to the knov.icdge of those about 
him which would be quite as convincing as the most authentic 
document. I do not indeed think it vrould be v. rong to make all 
public officers account for any sudden increase of vrealth. To 
show that this has not bee my case, I h ve procured the d po- 
sit ■ jn of General Findlay and Mr. Burnett, to shovv' that I left 
the army poorer than when I entered it, and that I have since 
been obliged to have recourse to loaris to put my farm in a 
situation to support mj^ family. The high characl : of these 
gentlemen \vi\\ be vouched for by all the Ohio delegation. 

I have no claim to push the investigation I have solicited 
further than is necessary to my own defence, but if with a 
view to a better understanding of the operations which may 
be nececsar\'' in a future war, the House of Rei)resentatives 
should determine to give greater scope to the inquiry, the re- 
sult v/ill, I am sure, prove the correctness of the places v.-hich 
were adopti a for the support of the Northv/est^ini army, and 
that the actual cost of the supplievS will bear a favorable com- 
parison with that of any other army -\%'hich preceded it in the 
same tract, or v/iih tho/ whi-, h, in the late war, were cm- 


ployed in otlier sections of the country. I do not coiisider 
myself, hov, er, rcLponsible for the amount of money which 
maj^ have been expended by the army under my command, 
excCijting* as to its faithful application, so far as that de- 
pended on me. I am, indeed, ignorant of the amount. All 
that my duty required me to know, was that it was as little as 
possible, to give security to the measures which I was directed 
to pursue. My opinion may differ from many, with regard 
to the quantum of supplies necessary to produce that security, 
and I may perhaps be blamed for having ordered them to be 
provided on a scale unnecessarily large. It cannot, hov/ever, 
be b.y those who are acquainted with the countiy which was the 
scene of our operations, or who v/ill recollect that the army 
under General St. Clair was in a starving condition when it 
was defeated, and that of General Wayne, after a preparation 
of two and a half j'^ears, was scarcely able, upon very reduced 
allowance, to reach the poi t of its destination. 

William Henry Harrison 
Late Major General hi the United States Army 

General Assembly TO Posey 

CORYDON Dec. 26 1815 

;•■; Har. Pa. /,^7H50 


House of RErRESENTATivEs 
-'■-■' ' • " :/ Resolution of the House 

Resolvf.i unanimously by the House of Representatives of 
Indiana, That Ezra Ferris and Joseph Holman bo, and they 
are hereby appointed a committee to w^ait upon his Excellency 
the Governor of this Territory v/ith the following Address, as 
expressive of the sentiments of this House. 
To his Excellency Thomas Posey, Governor of the 


The House of Representatives, owing to your absence at the 
opening of the present sessio . of the Logislature, were pre- 
vented from making a formal answer to your v/ritten com- 
munication: They now take the oppoitu«i.ty of informing 
your Excellency, that tiiey highly approbate tlie measures you 


were pleased to recommend ; but owing to the prospects of 
going into a State Government shortly, they have thought 
proper to postpone the consideration of some of the subjects 
recommeiided, until the next session of the Legislature; and 
wishing to express the sentiments of esteem and respect v/hich 
they feel towards your Excellency, before they are dissolved 
as a legislative body, the last, perhaps, that will act as such 
during our Territorial existence, the., cannot refrain from 
declaring their perfect approabation of your offical conduct as 
Governor of this Territory. During your administration, Sir, 
many then existing evils have been remedied; and we particu- 
larly admire the calm, disp;i,ssionate, impartial conduct of your 
administration, which has produced the salutary effect of 
quieting the violence of party spirit, harmonizing the interests 
as well as feelings of the different parts of the Territory ; and 
under your auspices, we have become as one people. We cor- 
dially wish renovated health, domestic happiness, and public 
applause, which you so justly merit, may accompany your 
future days, and be the rev»^ard of a life devoted to your coun- 
try's service. 

Dennis Ppjnnington 
-■' • •■ ■ ' *• i Speaker of the House of Representatives 

■ ■ Governor's Refly 

Mr. Spea er, and gentlemen of the House of Represen- 
tatives OF the Indiana Territory: 

The address of your House, delivered by your committee, 
Messrs. Ferris and Holman, I receive with unspeakable pleas- 
ure, and deem it to have a i lace among the most consoling 
everit of my life Yes, gentlemen, the approbation of so re- 
spectable a body, relative to my administration, will make an 
impression upon my mind that can only be eradicated by a dis- 
solution of my existence in this life. But while life remains, 
and I continue in the reputable station wliich I hold, you shrill 
always find m.e devoted to render to the citizens of our Terii- 
tory all the faithful services which are committed to my 
charge, and made my duty to administer. 

The probability is, that we shall sliortly take a stand as a 
state, and add orxe more brilliant star to the Union of our be- 
loved country; and let my station be as it may, bother public 
or private it shall be devoted to do all the good i can to serve 


and promotG the happiness and welfare of my fellow-citizens. 

You will please to receive my thanks for the impressive 
manner in which you appreciate my services, and the interest 
you take for my personal welfare. Please to accept my best 
wishes that each individual may enjoy health anu prosperity 
through your public and private life; that upon your retire- 
ment, you may have a happy meeting with your families ; and 
th:'-t you may be under the providential care of the Supreme 
Governor of the Universe. 

Th. Posey 
The Honorable the Sieaker of the House of Representatives 

26tl. Dec. 1815 

Harrison to John McLean 

Cincinnati Decern er 29, 1815 

A771. Sta. Pa. Mil. Af. I, 658 

Dear Sir : 

From Mr. [Jaco].] Burnet and other veiy respectable char- 
acters who have lateb^ returned from the Eastern States, I 
have learned that the industry and motives of a few enemies 
have produced an impression so general an ' unfavorable to 
my reputation, that it becora- s a duty to my family, my char- 
acter, and even my country, to endeavor to remove it. There 
was no means of accomplishing this which appeared so proper 
as tl 't of ?n investigation by the House of Representatives. 
I have accoi dingly solicited one by a letter address i to their 
Speaker, which is here^vith enclosed: [see Dec. 20 above] it is 
also accompanied by a statement wiiich I have prepared, with 
a number of docinnents to support it. The letter having been 
presented, you will oblige either to put the statement and 
documents also in possession of the House or deliver them to 
the Committee that ma}'' be appointed, as you may judge 
proper. I cannot believe that there will be any hesitation to 
grant nr, rc:iu : but if there should, I hope you will be pre- 
pared to suppoil my claims. Mr. Bassett, who is my near 
relation, Mr. Pleasants, and Mr. Nelson of Virginia, will all 
of them readily yield you thvAv aid, as would Mr. Clay himself 
if he should have an opportunity of speah'^ig. I wil^ thank 
you Uj m£:ke knowTi my wishes to these gentlenien. ... think 
it is probable that you may be one of the committee: if you 
arc, I must repeat in this private letter what I have said in 


that to the Speaker, that I wished the investigation to take 
the greates possibk' scope, and that no sense of delicacj'' 
towards me should prevent the asking the officers v/ho may be 
summoned before the cominittcj any questions which will 
probe the subject of the investigation to the bottom; and if I 
have a friend on the committee, he will take that course with- 
out the least apprehensio; that any thing will come to light 
which would cause him to blush for me. Others have served 
the country more successfully, but none with more i:oal and 
fidelity than I have done. I claim no reward, I would be con- 
tented vvith > ■curity ; but I cannot rest under unmerited ob- 
loquy. I see that my old opponent (Proctor) has been se- 
verly reprimanded by the Prince Regent. My fate has been 
more hard than his. He had (I presume) a fair trial, I have 
been condemned unheard. His crime was the loss of an army 
and a province; mine of having incurred (in what way I 
know not) the hatred of a minister, and forcing a coritractor 
to do his duty. 

I have selected you as the medium of fdving the enclosed 
papers their destination as well from the high opinion I enter- 
tain of your character ..< your being the Representative of my 
district. The trouble you may give yourself on this occasion 
will be gratefully remembered by dear sir, your friend imd 
humble servant, 

William Henry Harrlson 
Hon. John McLean, Esq. 

Burnet and Findlay to Congress 

Cincinnati Jan 20, 1816 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. Af. J, 058 

Hamilton County, ss: 

Before me the subscriber, one of the Justices of the Peace 
in and for the county of Hamilton, came personally James 
Findlay and Jacob lurnct, who, on oath, depose and say, they 
are intimately acquainted v/ith Major General William Henry 
Harrison, and that during the time lie coirmianded the north- 
western army, they had some agency in the management of 
his priva' pecuniary concerns, .'-nd know that he borrowed 
money . defray the ordinary expenses of his family. They 
furtlior state, that since his resignation, he has increased the 
loans that v/ore made during the wai', for the pu pose of im- 



^ proving and stocking 'is farm at North Bend, whic]) loans he 
has not refunded to the present day. And these deponents 
state further that the said General William H. Harrison is 
jointly interested with them in fifteen thousand dollars of the 
stock of the Tvliami Exporting Company, which is all the stock 
o^Mied by him in thjit bank, ^vllich amount of stock was pui'- 
chased with money received f)- sm the sale of land situated in 
; e Miami, purchased and o^nied jointly by him and these 
deponents prior to the commencement of the late war. These 
deponents know that the General is, and for many years past 
has been, possessed of a large and very valuable real estate; 
but whk'h has not been sufficiently productive to defray his 
ordinary expenses, in consequence of which he has been under 
the necessity of having recourse to loans, as above stated. 
These deponents know, that he proposed, since he left the 
service, to sell his bank stock for the purpose of raising 
money to enlarge the improvements on Ins farm, which was 
pi'evented by an offer from the bank to extend his accommo- 
dations. These deponents being intimately acquainted with 
the property business and circumstances of General Harrison, 
are convi :^d, that he did not add to the value of his estate 
during the war, and that he left the army more embarrassed 
than he was when he entered it. The conviction produced on 
our minds, by a long, intimate, and confidential acquaintance 
with the General, requires us to declare, on this occasion, that, 
in point of ho^ior and integrity, he is not excelled by any per- 
son in the circle of our acquaintance, and that we believe he 
would rather saci'ifice his fortune than add to it by an ac! 

dishonest or dishonorable. 

Jat^ies Findlay 

Jacob Buknet 

Sv/orn and subscribed to, this twentieth day of January, 
1816, by James Findlay, one of the Deponents before mc. 

Andrevv' Mark, J. P. 

State of Ohio, Rosr County, I\Tayor's office, Chiliccthe, SS: 

I, Levin Belt, Mayor of the town of Chilicothe aforesaid, 
do hereby certify, tb it the foregoing deposition was sworn to 
and subscribed before mo, by Jacob Burnet, oiio of the mem- 
bers from Hamilton County, of our pi'cr.ent Legislature, now 
in session in thi place. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and 


affixed the seal of iny o.', o this twenty-sixth day of January, 
in the year one thousand eigh.t hundred and sixteen. 

Levin Belt, Mayor 

Posey to Secretary of War 
Jeffersonville Indiana Territory 25th Jany. 1816 
Dr. Sir: Har. Pa. j^r^s, j^sj, 

The third of March ensuing brings my appointment as Gov- 
ernor of this Territory to a close, probably the President may 
be apprized of this. I herewith enclose to you an address of 
the House of Representatives to mc [see Dec. 26 above]. If 
conristant with the views of the President, I shall readily 
accept of a reappointment. 

Some of our citizens are very restless to go into a State 
Governmicnt. I wish the people were v/ell prepared for iYio. 
measure, but I may say with propriety that at least two thirds, 
or three fourths are not able to contribute but veiy little, if 
anything to the support of a state; and there is also a very 
great scarcity o.: talents or men of such information as are 
necessary to fill the respective stations, and offices of govern- 
ment. No doubt you have seen the memorial of the two 
Houses of the Legislature to Congress for the purpose of goin; . 
into a state government. If Congrc ss should be so benevolent 
as to grant all applied for, there would be no difllculty except 
the want of men of good information. 

It is calculated that we shall go into a State government in 
twelve or eighteen months. I think three years v/ould be 
short enough to place the Territoi-y in a situation for the 
change. But so anxious are maiiy, that no doubt they will be 
ready to accept of any teriiis. We have numbers sufficient, 
and that is .ill Vv^e can boast of. 

In the mtercm, should a new territory be laid off, or sliouki 
anything occur in creating an office; or should any vacancy 
take place- the office of which I might be thought adequate to 
perform the duties of I sliall be very thajilvf ull for an appoint- 
ment. Were I not needy, and in degree thinking my;-olf 
entitled to a cla'm of some attention (however small) fi'oii: 
my country I would not ask the favor. 

I am with much respect and esteem 

Your obt. ..crvt. ^j^_ ^^^^^ 

Honble. Col. James Munroe Secrekiry of Sktte 


B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENNES Fc' 6th, 181'') 
Har. Pa. S7'Z-S7h 


For some time rcpoii.s have been circulating' in the Indian 
Country that the F' kapoos attached to the Prophet had ceded 
to Captain [Mattb... .\'^] ElUott's son the Silver Twines which it 
is supposed by Traders and Indians are on the Vermilhon and 
that the British intend to take posession of them and estab- 
lish a fort on that River in a fevv^ months. That as the British 
would make war on the Americans next Spring an oppo}'tu- 
nity would then be offered of revenging the death of the Kick- 
apoos who was killed in October last near Detroit. That War 
talks had been distributed. That ;j'eat dissatisfaction and 
angry countenances were manifested by m.any of the Indians 
and that In Ap; '1 or May next tlic Indians intc'id to iiold a 
Grand Council to consult upon their : Tairs. 

I have just now learned from a source tolerably authentic 
that the British have dispatched runners to all the chiefs of 
the different Tribes to invite them to T\Ialden for the purpoijc 
of arranging the necessary measures to compel the Gc erix- 
ment of the United States to admit British. Traders to a par- 
ticipation in the Indian trade within the Territory of the 
United State and that some of the Indians are now on their 
way .0 Maiden to confer witli the British on this subject. 

Whetlier those machinations proceed from the perfidy of 
the British agents british traders or british Indians wit-iin our 
Territory must for the present be a matter of conjecture. 
The experience of tlie last thirty years however authorise the 
belief that it may be fairl^^ ascj^bed to the former and I am 
also inclined to this opinion from the information a spy who 
was at Maiden and Sandv/ich in September last has given me. 
He say;.; the British were then intriguing v/itli Pecan and 
other Chiefs vvith respect to their trade. It was insinuated 
that the Indians had a right and ought to insist upon the 
Britisii Merchants being i:dmitted into their country. A/iat 
the Indians v/ould deri\'e greater advaninges from the trade 
of the British merchants in respect to the quality and price of 
goods than fro.i i the Americai: and that the Indians Wvtuld 
be in^ ted to Maiden in the course of the winter to consul t 
upon Uie subjects, I have great confidence in the India a v, j 
comrnuiiicated this information to me. 


I give the following anclote as authorised. Shortly after 
the peace of 83 the Britih agent at Detroit was desirous of 
prevaihi.g- upon the IndiaiiS to continue the war against the 
Americans. A council was assembled at Detroit detection 
was apprehended and the council removed to the Moravian 
Towns in Upper Canada there the Indians were promised 
arms and what 'ver might be necessary to enable them to pros- 
ecute the war and the means devised for their receiving them 
in such manner as not to implicate the British Government in 
respect to the Treaty of Peace then recently made between 
that Government and the United States. A gentleman of re- 
spectability now here was at the council. 

I have the honor to be very respectfully Sir 
Your Obedient Servnt. 
p <^ B. Parke 

Since vv^riting the above a Miami has sent me a message 
thri >h a respectable Channel that not long since a Kickapoo 
probcibly of the Otter Band liid a Pottawatomie of Gomas* 
band came to- the Miaraies at Mississinnevv^ay with a war letter 
from s they said the Pattaw-.tomy and Kickapoo Trib . 
They said tliat those a'ibes intended to make Vv^ar against the 
United States next Spring, that they might even take some 
scalps this Winter, they wished the Miamis to unite with 
them if not they vv-ould consider and treat them as enemies, 
they alleged the sur eying the mniitary lands between the Illi- 
nois and Mississij'^^n and the non arrival of their ammunities 
as a cause of their hostile views. The Miamis refused to ac- 
cept their belt. 

I have been extremely ill of an influenza but I ai.i so far 
recovered that I expect to ].:ave for Gov; don next week 
and after Court intend to visit yoa at Jeffeisonville. I v/ish 
to have a personal conference with you in respect to Indian 
affairs. p p 

Copy of a letter froin Jiidge B. Parke to Gov. Po:^.ey 
B. Parke TO Posey 

ViNCENNES Feb. 11 1816 
Har. P'l. 379, 380 


Ti Indians are constantly inquiring when they may expect 


their annuities. Much uneasiness and some ill Vvill have been 
mf.nifested on account of their non arrival and their makins' 
this a subject of complaint might probably be considered as 
an evidence of an unfricidly disposition. I have told them 
that there had not yet been time to enable the President to 
send them on. Could the Indians receive their annuities 
shortly, I believe it vv^ould produce the best effects. 

From the Indian Treaties published it appears that the Ver- 
million Kickapoos are not provided for in the manner that 
the other Wabash Indians have been. The annuity under the 
Treaty of the 9th Dec. 1809 is not revived. As the latter are 
to receive the sam ;. amount to \Yhich they were entitled in 
1811 it might be unpolitic to malco a solitary exception of the 

I have t],e honor to be & . B. Parke 

To Gov. Posey 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville, Ini' Ter. March 16th 1816 

1 hej-ev.'ith inclose to you two letter [Feb. 11 above] lately 
received from Judge B. Parke deputy assist and Indian Agent 
at Vincennes. 

I have tlie honor to be with respect and /esteem Your Ob.t. 

^^'■^'- TK. POSEY 

B. Parke to Posey 

Vincennes 15th Feb, 1816 

Har. Pa. 370 


The Little Ducks informs that a short time since a Wea 
party of Sauky sixty in number, v;^ere on their march to pun- 
ish the Miamis (or rather Vv^ea:;) for the Death of Renard, 
(see my letter April 20th 1815) who was crippled at this 
pla-^e last A. ril by Sto)ie Eater but that tlirough the intei- 
position of the Kickapoos they had been induced to abandon 
the pi'oject r.nd return to their own country. 

This may appear to be rather an improbable tale but from 
the well kno^^^'l friendship that has long since subsi.sted be- 
tween the Sauks and Kickapoos I think it probable that the 
little Du;.ks is correct. 


, It is i-roi osed hy soniO of the Citizens of the Eastern part 
of the Territory to petition tlic President to open a negoti- 
ation for extinguishing the Lidian title to the Country in- 
habited by the Delawares. 

However desirable it may be to acquire that Country a 
more improper time than the present could not be selected to 
make the attempt. The Delawares might not object but the 
Miamis are joint owners with them jf the country watered 
by White River. No cession of the Fornier would be valid 
without the consent of the latter. That I am v/ell assured 
could not now be ol tained and it would be at the risk of a 
new \var that the proposition would be made to them. 

The 8th of Novembe" last I mentioned to you V. d it was 
desirable to obtain permission of the Delawares and Miamis 
to open a road through tlie Delaware counby or a direct 
route from Dayton to this place. To this I believe they would 
accef'e and for a time nothing more ought to be attempted. 

At the same time I mentioned the case of Laframbois' Horse 
is the horse or an equivalent likely to be recovered? K not 
tis time I gave Laframbois as I promised a Hoi'se to re- 
munerate him for his loss. Labc. -.eiure is dead. 1 liope aiid 
expect that Laframbois \\m11 supply his place the Weas could 
not make a better choice. 

A son of 1he Grand Poc is substituted by the Eickapoos fo. 
the deceased Renard. The latter was a good man the family 
of the former is one of tli most mi'.cliievous in the Indian 

I have the Honor to be 

B. Pakke 

Copy of a letter from Judge B. Parke to Gov. Posey 

'V- •■ ' ■ B. Parke to Posey 

■ ■ VINCENNES Feb. 19 1816 

Har. Pa. 375-378 


A Wea i "orms tliat the Lliamis have received a Talk, from 
the Winabagoes and jther nations in that quarter desiring 
them to cause the Americans to remove fi'om the Lands ( i 
the Vv'abash purchased in 1809 and that should it be neces- 
sary they v/ould render such aid as vrould enable thon to 
effect it. 


- The above wa^:. first coniinimic. Led by a very Vv-orthless fel- 
low but has since been confirmc^d by an Indian of a good char- 
acler and who has long- been very much attached to my Intsi:- 

A Kickapooe lately from Maiden states that two Attav/as 
and Chippeways 'lad been killed at or near Detroit by the 
American.', and tl, .t those ti'ibes were so much irritated that 
they contemplated hostilities. 

Another Kickcipoo told my Interpreter at the Fort confi- 
dentially that me::it of tlie young' men of his Tribe v/ere more 
inclined to war than peace, he stated fui'tlier th^.t a Kickapoo 
chief lately fi'om Maiden had reported that the British were 
strengthening- themselves in Canada shortly expected a rein- 
forcement of Troops and that they had informed the Indians 
that as the Americans had vio;:;ited the Treaty in sheding 
Indian Blood they would make war on them next spring- to 
avenge thei injuries. 

You may recollect that towards the close of the Grand 
Council at Detroit Ve Prophet with some Kickapoos etc Vvith- 
'.'rew went over to the British and refused to sign the Treaty. 
It is to those misc]-eants that we e indebted for the circula- 
tion through the L:.dian country of so many mischievou, tales 
from Maiden. 

It might be supposed that the kindness and humanitj'' the 
candoi and integrity manifested by our government in the 
intercourse with the Indians contrasted with the conduct of 
the British Government would conciliate and attach them to 
the former and totally aleniate them from the latter. It is 
however not tlie fact, but precisely the reverse. The Ameri- 
cans they almost unanimously distrust and detest but as oc- 
casion mvites they hesitate not a moment in throwing them- 
selves in the Arms of the British.. The most vulgar con- 
temptable trader of the NW. Company can exercise a more 
extensive and decisive influence over them than the most dis- 
tinguished agent the President has in employ. And thus it 
will ahvays be vdiilst the British Agents or Traders have ac- 
cess to or can maintain any Ivind of intercourse v/ith tht . 

There was neither deception or intrigue practised in obtain- 
ing the treatj'- of 1809 it was fairly and honorably negoti. ted. 
The several Tribes who were Parties to it were highly grati- 
fied \/ith the arrangement and it Wiis probably for a time the 
most popular treaty evci" made on the Wabash. Nine m nth;3 


;ifter, the Propliet at the instigation of the Bi'itish a id sup- 
ported by his posse of Winebagocs at Tippecanoe first taught 
the Miamis to believe that they had been deceived and de- 
frauded of the lands acquired by that treaty. Labossieure 
took the lead amongst the Weas, and until his deatli perse- 
vered in his opposition and muririurs. His memory is warmly 
cherished by many of the band and 1 suspect some collusion 
between them and the distant Indians with respect to th, re- 
ported threat of the Winebagoes, etf. I believe that some 
mischievous project is on foot but ^ ether it is confined to 
a few restless intriguous fellov/s or extends to tribes I can- 
not deteri ine probably I may be able to asc rtain there facts 
in the course of two or three weeks. 

I ha^ c the honor to be B. Parke 
Governor PosEY 

Davis Floyd to Posey 

February 24th 1816 

Har. Pa. 371 


A Delaware Indian by the name of Nagomen Lately on a 
visits to the trading houses i drift wood River in a confiden- 
tial manner communicated io a person there in my employ 
to be communicated to your Excellency that a part of the 
Potawatomies and a part of the Kickapoos v/ere still mad 
and would probably strike the white pec; Io the ensuing 
Spring that the British tlieir Fathers would also soon be mad 
and that they would be supported by tliem. 

This Delav.are is a mafi of consi^'erable consequence in the 
Delaware nation being one of their first war Chiefs — lie is 
entitled to the confidence of the Americans having accom- 
panied Gen'l Harrison on l,.s expedition against Canada. 
Whether the uneasiness is general or confined to a few rest- 
less vagabonds time alor e can develop. Certp.''i it is the fel- 
low who gave the information is sijicerc in his belief. 

I am res] ctfully your Obedicit Servant 

Davls Floyd 
His Excv Gov. PosEY 


B. Parke to .'osey 

VINCENNES Feb. 29, 1.81G 
Har. Pa. 383 


Tlie LittiG Ducks and another Kickapoos inform IJiat there 
are two Pottawatomis and one Otawas in tlie neighbonrhood 
of the frontiers who intend to steal some horses and perhaps 
take •<■■ sccdp. 

I am respectfully Sir /our Oby. Servt. 

};. Parke 

Posey to SECRfiTARY of War 

Jefferson viLLE, 1st l^iarch ISIG 

Har. Pa. 368 


From recent information. I think it is discoverable that the 
Indians entertain a hostile temper and disposition toward 
the U= States. They surely contemplate mischief toward the 
settlements upon our froiitiei ^ and probably upon the whole 
of the Northwestern frontiers. 

I herewith inclose to you copies of sundry letters from 
Judge B. Parke deputy Indian agent, and one from Maj. 
Davies Floyd [see above] who is licensed to keep a trading 
house for the Indians [on Di-iftwood] . Should any thing far- 
t];or transpire relative to the unfriendly temper of the In- 
dians, it ''all be made known to you. 

I have tiie \:onor to be very respectfully 
Your Obi. Scrvnt 

Th. Posey 
Hon. William H. Crawford Sccretanj of War 

City of Washington 

B. Parke to Posey 


liar. Pa. 331, 382 


On Thursday evejiing, I learned that a fow^ days before an 
Ip' m came to a party of Harris' surveyors on tlie N. W. 
sir of the Wabash, eight or ten miles distant from Fort Har- 
ri;:.on defaced the marlcs tliey had made on a corner tree and 


manifested such a degree of anger and resentment towards 
them that apprelicnding* he would proceed to open violence, 
Harris and all his i eople abandoned their work and came to 
the Fort. They add that they thought from his lohistlmg 
and whoo'ping there was a party within hearing ready to sup- 
port him. I should infer precisely the reverse believe he was 
entirely alone and that there v'as no necessity for discontinu- 
ing the survey. The circumstance, however has excited alarm 
and Harris is not inclined to resume the work unless an ar- 
rangement should be made for ensuring th< personal safety 
of himself and hands. I have offered him an escort of friendly 
Indians which for the present is all that I think necessary. 
Should he not accept it other measures must I suppose be 
t; ' en. 

A Kickapoo quavv" informs rry i iterpreter that incaiy of 
the Pottawato -. having been ii. ited by the Briti li are gone 
to Maiden anc- that many more are about procecdin;- to the 
same place. 

I am very respectfully Sir You.r Obt. Servant. 

B. Parke 
His Ex. Gv V. Posey 

P. S. Your 1 ,.ter of the 23ih ult. by Col. [Allen B.] Thorn 
has been received. 

B. Parke to Posey 

ViNCENl'ES April 10th, 1816 

Har. Pa. SSi, 3S5 


By the .'_rd article of the treaty of Fort Wayne (7th June 
1803) it was stipulated that the Tiibes who were parties to 
it should annually recei\c a quantity of salt, not exceeding 
one hundred and fifty bushels. The Weas and Vermillion 
Kickapoos have lately ^-'eminded me that they expected ilie salt 
to which they were entitled under that article. 

No injury has yet been done oi the frontiers and the little 
Ducks and others ca the Vermillion Kickapoos vehemently 
deny any knowledge of the warriors of their tribe contem- 
plating the perpotr:,tion of mischief. 

Inclosed herewith arc tv/o talks delivered on Sunday last to 
Ma,', [Willoughby] Morgan at Ft. Harrison. Lafrombois is 
a \ ea and the Ducks a Vennillion Kick^i}; >. It appears 


Ihrt they are sM\ indisposed to yeikl with respect to the dis- 
puted boundary. The Weas miO. Vermillion Kickapoos are 
too contemptablc to admit of the suposition that this plan 
of opposition orig-iLated with them. The pretention has been 
a-Z/anced under an idea that they would be countenanced and 
supported by the other Indians. To the British they appear 
to listen with complaisance and attention, and promptly ac- 
cede to the arraiigement proposed by them. Lafrombois too 
has received a belt from the british advising the Weas to bo 
quiet and no'- injure the americans. These stories are in- 
tended to amuse, are but half told and the balance may prob- 
abl}^ be pointed out in a few days. Lafrombois insinuates 
that I acted improperly in selecting- the Indians, I intended 
to invite to the Cc: ncil. I told the^n that I should send for 
all the Miamis the v^'ermillion Kickapoos, and the Delawares 
and as the little Otter of the Prairie Vv'as a particular friend 
of ihe Vermillion band, frequently transacted business with 
them and vvith their ovm chiefs signed their treaties that I 
should send for him also but as to the other chief of the 
Prairie Kiclrapoos, I l^ ould not send for them. The Vermil- 
lion Kickapoos are intruders, but they have for raa' y years 
been in the quiet possess!*; of the country they inhabit on 
the Wabash a^-J Vermillion and may novv^ be considered as 
the rightfull occupants. ,-. p.^^^p 

Go 7. Posey 

P. S, I believe the story of the Squaw. She is of a power- 
full fan lly and disregards the Ducks and his squav'. A 
Kickapoo left the Ft. Ilaslily just after she arrived, and I 
believe gave notice to the .var party that v,'as approaching 
our settlements that they were discovered. I am of the 
opinion that no mischief will be done till the term of the 
grand council is over. I have attended to your instructions 
and have no knowledge of any intruders on Ii:.dian lands in 
this Territory. B. Parke 

Posey to Secretary of War 
;,. . Jeffersonvillb Indiana Territory 20th April 1816 

q . Har. Pa. 3S6-3SS 

I h' -.^ewith incivso to you two talks [following] of the In- 
dians also the c y of a letter just received from Judge B. 


I'..rke. [Apr. 10 above.] He advised of meeting t}i; t lie 
liad with the Indians at Fort Harrison of recent date and 
that he had appointed the 23 of May for a grand council of 
tlie Indians to be held at sd place. He observed that he had 
communicat'.d v/ith you and given you an account of the re- 
sult of the meeting apologising to me for the step he had 
taken ; that it was owing to the siiortness of the time and the 
necessity of the communication reaching the department ^ 
war i]' the most speedy manner. He furnished mo with copies 
of his letters communicated to you. 
I am very respectfully 

Your Obt. Servant. 


Hor-)le William H. Crav/ford, Secrclanj of War 
City of Washington. 

Lafrombols said th..t he had but little to commuriicate and 
that related to peace. That Pecan had se: i a m.essage to all 
i'e Miainis informing them that he was about ecitablishing 
a village et Eel River, and invited them to bring their wives 
and c'uildren thei-e. That they would endeavor to establish 
their village in the old form. Tl^^t their presents would be 
delivered at Ft. Wayne, that the com -nan ding officer at Ft. 
Wayne told him that there were many dishonest agents but 
he would see that justice was done them. That tlo President 
would fulfill all his ey;jr ,:ments with him snd that he La- 
frombols) had learned that the British had sent a belt to the 
Kickapoos advising them to remain at peace. 

Being asked whetlier the Indians Iiad thought fartlier on 
the subject of the disputed boundary Lafrombois ansv/ered 
that it was the general sentiment amongst tlie Indians the t 
Gen. Harrison, Barron the Interpreter, and all the Indians 
w' h 1 been at tl e treaty (probably that of the 30th Sept. 
1800) should be called togetlicr. That it was probable that 
some of the Indians did not understand the subject. That 
the Kickapoos had been sejit for but that they had nothinL 
to do with it. That th ■ land never belonged to them. 

It being suggested that their opposition to the treaty re- 
peatedly ratified, might be considered unfriendly. Lafrom- 
bois o] . rved that were the President ofTended he could not 
help it. That it would be hard were the Indians to be de- 


frauded of all tlicir land^. The Lilllo Ducks said that t\vo 
young- men had arrived with .■ belt of Vv'-ampiim from the 
British, i'liat the Brit; li told them thai they must remain 
at pea-, e and neitlier kill tlic white people or steal their horses. 
That if they went to war again tliey would be ei'terminated 
that they were too weak. That when the British and Ameri- 
cans made peace, the latter promised to cloth and feed the 
Indians plentifully but when they looked upon them they sav^^ 
them naked and starving. That they did not expect this. 
That the Americans had not complied with their promise. 
That the young men Vviio brought the belt, had told the Iri- 
dians, that the British gave them more than 'hey could de- 
stroy whilst the Indians v/ithi^: the American Territorj'- had 
scarcely any thing to eat. 

That the British advised the Kickapoos to collect in a vil- 
lage o the V/abash. That they would do so bit had not yet 
fixed u; .)n a place. That the E -itish advised tlie Miamis to 
do the same thing and for the Miamies and Kickapoos to live 
together as friends. That if the Kickapoos sav/ any of the 
Pottawatomies moving tov/ard the frontiers for a, mischiev- 
ous pi ,>ose they Vv^ere advised by the britisli to give infor- 
mation of it to the Ame: leans. (Copy) 

B. Parke to Posey 
' ' ViNCENNES April 25 18 IG 

Har. Pa. ^90-392 


Sunday Little Eyes informed me that the British ha.. 
advised the Indians not to permit the survey! g and settle- 
ment of their lands purchased froin them untill they recei\ ed 
their annuities from the Unitoi' States. That a talk to that 
effect had been dispatched to all the Indians of the Indiana 
and Illinois (and to the Mahas Richards and C. of the IMis 
souri) and furtlicr that in the course of this year a great 
council would be held at Port ge Desoux. That an agent of 
the British would attend it to see that the Indians had jus- 
tic;; done them l^y the U. S. in v/hat evc" regarded their lands. 
He added that the exceptic 'able conduct of the Wcas and Ver- 
milli' n Kickapoos at Fort Harrison Vv .; jus' ly to be attributed 
to the BriMsh. 
' You ar: acquainted v/ith the favorable opinion I \\i\\Q of 


Little Eyes. He has never deceived me and h( ever extraor- 
dinarj^" or improbable his communication may ax>pear, I assure 
you I have :o doubt of its truth. 

I rej:,ret that Little Eyes was not at tl.'c con -il but bein,fj 
at a distant hunting ground he was not invited. 

Little Eyes observed the conduct of the Weas and Vermil- 
lion Kickapoos had been disingenious and flag-rantly unjust. 
That they all knew the land had been sold and the boundary 
fairly established and that instead of cavc'Tng or preten.divig 
they knew nothing of the sale they ought frankly to have 
acknowledged the cause of their objection to the surveying of 
the land. That liis friendship for the U. State induced him 
to offer me his advice. That when the Indians assem.bled at 
Ft. Harbison, I should deli"'/er them their annuities whicli 
"\ ould instantly remove all obstacles to the quiet occupation 
of the land. Otherwise, he apprehended they would persist 
in t' eir opposition. 

'li.e since "ity of Litile E; cs may be questioned, but vdiat 
ever was his motive for suggesting this arrangement, it is not 
to be dorbted that the immediate delivery to the Indians of 
their annuities would have a good effect. Seven iUv ths have 
elapsed since the treaty at Detroit and ere this they profess 
to believe their goods might have been forwarded. They do 
not, or will not comprehend the explanations frequently given, 
as to the cans .■ of this delay. British agents or Traders or 
disaffected Indian: ha x repeatedly informed them that the 
U. States vfoul / keep their land, but that tliey v»'-ould paj^ tliem 
nothing for it. That they need not expect their annuities and 
that the President vfould deceive them. 

B. Parke 
To Gov. Posey 

Posey to Secretary of War 

Jeffersonville 4th May 1816 

Har. Pa. 589 


I herev/ith inc' .e you a copy of a lettei' just received from 
Judge B. Parke, [Apr. 25 above] I think of a nature worthy 
to be attended to. I have information from oihor quaiiers 
of the same nature. The Indian are very loud a.-d restless 
in their complain' s, of not having received their annuities. 


They are under strong apprehenyion that the II. StatcG mean 
to defraud them and take their kinds from them without mak- 
ing compensation. Tiiere is a quantity of salt due th^^jn by 
treaty which is mentio^ied in a formci* letter of Judge Parke 
a copy of which was i olos d to you. I have given them par- 
tial supplies of salt, with supplies of provision at different 
times '.ut they want the quantity of salt stipulated to I^e given 
the- 1 by treatj^ I do not conceive myself authoiized to g'rro 
it to them without directions from the department of war. 
I have the Honor to be very respect 
Your Obt. Servant 

Th. Posey 
William H. Cravv^'^okd, Secretary of V/ar 

Posey to Secretary of Wah 

Jeffersonville 11th May 1815 

Hai\ Pa. 303 


The information given of the 19t;i Ult. from the Depart- 
ment )f v ', came to hand by the last mail. That the an- 
nuities 'lie the Kickapoos, Weas, and Peankaiiaws for tl: 
years 1813, 14, 15 and 16 have been ordered to be p rehased 
and sent on to my care and also three thousand tv/o hundred 
(..ollars worth of goods to be distributed as prese; .s to the 
Indians at siich times and on such occasions as I may deei.i 

I shah carefully attcu'l to all the instructions and think it 
verv importarif that the goods should be sent on as speedily 
as possible. 

I have the honor to be with great respect 
Your Obt, Servant 

Th. Posey 
Hon William K. Crawford, Secretary' of VJar 

Resolution of Constitutional Convention 

CoRYDOi, Indiana Jud' 20 181o 

I'ar. Pa. J,10-.i,12 

Be it ordained by the Representatives of the people of the 
Territory of Indiai a in Conventio met at Corydon on Mon- 


day the tenili day of June in the year of our Lord eighteen 
hundred and sixteen that sve do for ourselves aiid our pos- 
terity, ag-ree, determine, declare and ordain that wo will and 
do hereby accept the propositions of the Congress of the 
United States, as made and contained in their act of the nine- 
teenth day of April, eigiiteen hundred and sixteen, entitled 
"An act to enable the people of the Indiana Territory t > form 
a Constitution and Sta^e (Government, and for the admission 
of such State into the Union on an equal footing vvith the 
original States". And we do further for i.-^rselves and our 
posterity, hereby ratify, conliini, and establ' \i the boundaries 
of the -aid State of Indiana as fixed, prescribed, iai.:I dov/n, 
and established in the Act of C' i gross aforesaid, and we do 
also fui-ther for ourselves ?nd our posterity, hereby, agree, 
determine, declare, and ordain, that each and every tract of 
land soil' by the Unit d States within the said State, and 
which shall be sold from and afte.. the first day of December 
next, shrll be and remain exempt from any tax laid by order 
or uiider any autho; ity of the said State of Indiana, or by or 
under the authority of liie General Assembly thereof, v/hether 
for State, Cf 'y, or To^=. nship, or any other purpose what- 
ever for the ;j. )\ of five ye^rs from and a^ter the day of sale 
of any such tract of land and we do moreover for ourselves 
and our posterity hereby declare and ordain thaj this o di- 
nance and every part thereof shall foi-ever be and remain ir- 
revocable, and inviolate without the consent of the United 
States in Cong-; ess assembled first had and obtained ;^or the 
alteration ther'.of or any part thereof. Done in Convention 
June 29th 1816. By order of the C'-nvcntion, 

Jonathan Jennings 
President of tlie CGnvention 
Attest : 
William "Tendricks, Secy. 

Gibson to Secretary of State 

Jefferson viLi.:. July 6th 1816 

liar. Pa. J^: ) ',() 


I have the honor to enclose you a transcript •' f the proceed- 
ings of the Executive of the Indiana Tei-ritory fo}' the hali 
year ending the 30th of June 1816. [Not found] The Con- 

49— 22GC1 


venticii of the Territory closed its sgp .ion of tlirce weeks on 
Saturday the 30th ultimo. They Imvc formed a Constitution, 
and detci'mined to commence the oper^-tions of theii- State 
Government the fii'st Mon^^ny in November next. I h' i^e It 
wiil be in my power to transmit you a printed co_;.y of it by 
next mail. 

I have the he or to be v/ith high consideration of esteem 
and respect 

Yr. most obt. servt. 

Jno. Gibson 
The Honble. James IIokroe, Sccty. of Siatc 

To THE Senate and E use of Repeesentatives of the 
United States the Memoeial op the LEciSLA'iijiiE of tih'' 
Indiana TEr ttory ]\Iost Respectfully SiiEVr' ri : 

That tiiv inl .bitants of the said Territory suffer evils from 
the nature of their political institutions to which it becomes 
their nnperioi's duty to seek a constitutional remedy. VvHien 
an interesting' portion of the american population unite in 
forming* a wish for an important chang-e in their political 
situation it may be fairly infei'cd that ) o palliative • can lessen 
the evils they endure and it is an happy circum.-;..ance that 
th' redress which is he object of the present memoii il ■.) 
obtain has been foreseen provided for and will excite in its 
acco)nplisiiment neither* convulsioii nor storm. 

Your memorialists v;ill not arraigni the wisdom of Congress 
in forming the ordinance for the Government of the North- 
western Territory. They may have had solid reasons fo)' giv- 
ing to the Territorial O]' Coloneal governments ilu: singular 
monarchial feature they now exhibit. But it will be allov/ed 
that all those governments present features vciy little recon- 
cilable to the principles vhich ha\c go\-erncd the institutioris 
of the different states of the Union. 

Born and educated in the different states of tliu Union; in 
the enjoyment of civil and political rights, they think it haixl 
to be in a degree disfranchised as a pcop .; wlion 1hcy have 
done 710 crime, but by their niigratiofi thither confered a bono- 
ht to the Uidted i ^ates. 

Your memorialists deeply impressed wiLh a sense of tlK'i!' 
}.rovincial dependence, in b/half of themselves and cc i&titu- 
ents now make a solcnm appeal to th nati;*ii,'il Le;:i;;>la!.in o 
and pray tluit they Uiay have the liliorty of forming a con- 


' stitution and be admitted as an independent ;:.tate into the 
Union upon the same footing- as one of the oi-iginal states. 
The unexampled increase in population of the state of Ohio 
warrant the ijolief that similar consequences vrould attend 
the emancipation of Indiana, It is principle anr not men or 
measures that Vv-'e complain of, and confiding in i e justice of 
our cause we doubt not of our case meeting proper considera- 
tion and you memoi-ialists as in duty bound will ever pra}' 

GiJNL. YV. Johnston, S'peakcr of the House of Rcjrrescntativcs 

Jas. Bi'^GGS, Picsidsnt of the Lcgidc ive Council 

Posey to Seckbtary of Waf, 

Jeffersonville Inc. Ter 24 Se. t. 181G 

Har. Pa. 3'.)J^, COo 


At different shipmenis from the arsenal near Pittsburg 
sent on by Maj. [Abram R.] Woolley, I have received a fov/ 
days sirico tlie whole of the goods ordered l^y Govcrnmeiit to 
my address. The U. &. pi-esen' and the annuities for the 
Weas, Kickapoos and Pyankasliav.^s for the years 1813-14-15 
and 16. And yesterday I shipped thera to Viiicennes to be 
delivered there to Judge C Parke to whom I have given direc- 
tions to send them immediately on to Ft. Harrison ■ dis- 
tribution, except the Pyankashaws an'iuities vvjiich I have 
directed to be stored at Shav/nectovvm under the care of Mr. 
Joseph U. Street subject to be called for by Col. Pierre 
Menard Indian Agent at Kaskaskiii for him. to deliver to the 
Pyankashaws agreeable to the solicitatio;i of Governors [Will- 
5!.; i] Clark and [j 'inian] Euv/ards by whom I was infonned 
that it w^ould be very inconvenient for the Pyankashaws to 
attent at Ft. Harrison. They living at a considerr]4e dis~ 
t, nee therefrom and they being miserably poor and needy 
the four hundred dolUfs that I am authorized to draw upon 
the department of war for to ]jo ])aid them in cash if equally 
convenient to goverimicmt I would be glad to obtain an order 
upon the receiver at Vincenncs or Kaskaskia for. 

I have the Honor to be with great resp^^ct Your 01 . Servant 

Til Posey 

P. S. 1 shall a'tend at Fort Harrison by the time the goods 
reach, there for the purpose of v "sti-ibuting them. 


Posey to Seck^jtaky of War 

Jei Cj ONVlLLE 2yth Sept. 1816 
Har. Pa. COT 


Yours of tlie Gth inst. I have received 8"iving- iiriormalion 
of my .i.ppointment together with Judge B. Parke and Phidilio 
Sharp for holding.: a treaty with the Indians for a purchase 
of land. 1 have al.'^o received a letter of instructions relative 
thereto of the 12th inst. and shall pay the ner sary atten- 
tion to tJie business. I have written on to Judge Parke and 
Mr. Sharp and expect an ar3^angeine]]t will take plac;. imme- 
diately to carry into execution the design of the President. 
The goods sent on to nie to Ido distributed to the Indians at 
present I expect to make use ot. while engaged iit the treaty 
and it may be that I shall have to make some purchases. I 
sli order supplies of provisions but it w'U also bo necessary 
to nave the con'i'nand of sorre money, co -d an arrangement 
be made to get money from some of the receivers of tnis part 
of the country or from some of the Banks? Of this you will 
please 'nfo]"7i me. 

I liave the lion'' to bo ■ "th great respect 
Your Obt S.irvant 

Til Posey 
Hon the s- ty. of War Wiij.iam H. Crawford 

Posey Tr "eci tary of War 

ViNCENNES 24th Oct. 181 


j arrived here or Monday in oi'der to meet some Indian 
chiefs that are here and am on my way to F. Plaiiison to 
the Treaty to be held there. The Water is so extrcinely low 
that the Indian annuities and presents have not yet rea-.Icd 
this plac I am anxioi -y waiting for thorn and shall go on 
to Ft. iiarrison with. tli:;m for tlie pui'p. c of distributioii. 
Tln\e chiefs are hero to visit my elf and Judge Park. Little 
Eyes and Sa,co of the Weas. I am very attentive o them, 
have made them ,^omo presents etc. They ap/pca]* tu be in a 
pretty good humor we have met and conversed several times 
sometimes upon the business of tao land, but verjv litely upon 


that subject whenever it is mentioned it comes froi i them- 
selves. We dont wish to say much upon that subject untill 
they receive their annuities and presents. I ship'd the In- 
dian goods from JefFersonville all in good order on the 27th 
Ult. Since here I have sent an expa'css to know what detains 
them and to know :..t whr.t time vro may expect them, The 
success of the Treaty very much depends upon a spc y dis- 
tribution of the annuities and presents. I think the business 
in a pretty good train an?' that thei'c can scarcely be any 
doubt of success 'n the pui'chase of some land more or less 
the least quanti may be a million of acr.s a great chance 
for more. We m.iy be under the necessity of maldng more 
presents than what is committed to my char;"-e — for that i ur- 
pose $3,200 is the ammount. 

I have this moment heard fi'om the boat brin;, ing on tlie 
Indian goods. The goods are all safe, but the boat cannct 
progress for vvant of water. I must use some method by 
small craft or waggoning to get them on. The treaty will 
hold on the e'l 'venth next month. 

I have t]:e honor t bo very respectful!" 
Your Obt. Servant 

Th. Posey 

Ilonble. Wm. II. Crawford, Secretanj of Vicir 

Posey to Secretary of War 

VlNCEZ\>:i Nov. 21 IS 16 

Har. Pa. 30J-367 


In furnishing an estimate of tjie expenses of the T dian 
Dept. at this pf ?e I have thought it v.'ould be but to exlribil 
a statement of the disbursements that have been made on 
account of that Dept. from the time I came into office up to 
the present period and which appears from tlie papers lierc- 
with enclosed r arked A & B. From these you will bo enabled 
to judge of the propriety of the estima.o mark C, an^- vrlucl"; 
is also enclosed. 

The Py-mkashaws having removed bcyoiul tlie ^lississipiu. 
I forward- i annuities to the Agent at Kaskaskia and he lias 
dcli\ ed iom to the Indians and beiieviog that the CIov. 
would hereafter send theii. -m io th;it i>hice, I \vc\\ \]<A in- 
cluded tlierein the estimate enclosed. 


' ]\Iy intercourses willi the Dciewares, Upper Miainis and Pot- 
tawatamies has not been such as to enal^lo me to asco'tain 
tJi.; number of persons belonging: to those tribes. The Wcas 
amount to four liundred arid sixty and the Vcrniilllon Kicka- 
poos to four hundred and forty persons. 
I have the Honor to be vei-y respectf. 

Sir Your Obedient Servant. 

[Thoimas Posky] 

An f> timatc of the Lxp riscs of tl\(,> liuli;ui Dopt. ;vt Vinceiraes 
or year 1817 

,'inm '. lies 




llf)iisc rent 
& Fuel 



Dols ots. 

Dolls. Tts. 

i:)ol. Cts. 

Dol. Cis. 

Dol;;;. Cts. 

Dolls c; . 








Some Worl: at 




F(.. IImv. 

Dols Cts. 

Dols CLs. 

Dels. Cts. 

Dols. Cts. 

Dol. Cts. 






E.xpross Tvider 
from Vinociine.=: 
to Ft. Ilanisoii 

Dollars Cl^, 


Doll:ns Cent.' 

319 37>^ 

165S7 373.; 


Abstract of jjiovisioii is^>uecl by the Coutrac')!; to tlic TiKJiniis at 
Viiicentics and T rt HajTiso)> fron tbe Lst of Sc'pionbor ISU to 
Isl Novcmbej' ISK) 

At Viiiccnue- 

pouin!'^ of 

jjouti'l-':; (.[ 

l)ou;ul.s of 

porind of 





Sep ct 0(^1 




Novoniijci-. . 



Decembci'.. . 


788 j.;; 



Januar^ ISl.j 




12 ',2 

1 ■■bruftJ ■■•. . . 




5' ■■ 

r larch 



■ ■> 




■1-. 3 

4 OS 
















S^ tembor.. 


30 ^ 


October .... 





5571 j J 



Novcrnl icr . . 








January 1810 





Fcl)i-u;,ry . . . 






25 [ 














J. 1 










8<'pt ember.. 




Q4? of 

October .... 










brt. Down . . 


5571 K 


■,'V ■> 



132733 V 






At Ft. Hn.rri.son 

Sept i'^ Oct. ISll 



January 1815 










Noveiiiber. . . 
DeccriibL-r . . . 
January 1810 . 
I'ebruary . . . . 







September . . . 

brought doM'n. 






51' J 
152 !>^ 













J 300 


12032K' 2048 

870 ■'! 





qts. lbs 

W'hi.'-kev f;oai) 




31 j 




771 : 072 


Ab.stract of th(> Exi)fn.s(\s other tliaii }')ro\i>ions i<sin.d by th'.'- 
(CoRtracto ■) c-f the I'ulian Dej)t— 


House ilcnl, 


Fnel f<u- 








Horses & 

liorse hire 

Dolls. Cio 

D.,,ils. Ct-: 



D.iii-:. Cts. 

Doll.-. Cts 

33 . 

38 .... 

13 25 

115 ... 

•13 75 


1 10 

101 50 

7700 123 i 

.. . , 

% 75 

10 .... 

7S10 62>^ 




40 75 

100 25 



\ ork At 

DoHs. ^^ts 

Dolls. Cts. 

Dolls. Cts. 

.",0-1 /in 

3 . . 

Note — Tliprr- is now on I-ind of t'-' 

3 .... 
i 50 

35 ... 

nbovc; .■■ntoi;:i! of Prc-icni;' j'^ircha.-i? 

for the y:-:\r ISH'i 

Amt. for. by CiV. .3200 

of i'oo-Ih pur. in 20S5 

10 50 

810 23jo 

52S5 Doh. 


Depi't'tmcnt under tho siiperiiitendanccs of Gi.iveriior T Po-r v 

riinSniith Work at 
Ft. Har. 







i Iii'cvprctc - 


Purcha.sp of 
.Shop <t Iron 

Doll. C:^. 

1 \'ineonti. .-j 


Dol. Ct,5. 

Do!s. Cts. 



Dols. Cts. Dolls. 



' 390 

SO .... 

4S0 .... 
4fj.) . . . 


1 624 .... 
, 024 .... 
: 5S0 .... 



890 .... 

ISl 75 


ISOo .... 

181 75 

9G0 .... 



; 2224 .... 







Interpret ors 


Interpret ors 

Rides from 

to I ■: 



a! i 


D- 's. Cts. 

Dolls. Cts. 

Dolls. Cts. 





S- : 


oo; .J : 



137 .... 
51 .... 

16 50 

10 50 
50 12}^ 

39 .... 
307 37>^ 

204 50 

CO C2>^ 

3 : 36M 




\ iNCEN>; .:-, 6th Deci 1816 

Har. Pa. .^o:-^'):- 

Sir : 

YoiiTs of the 23d Sept. I rcc'd at ihi.^ place. In ordor to 
lav bcforj the Indians I'l- subject which you Iiavo recoir- 
iiiended respectinr'' the furnishin.u" ihvm mecli iiics i Jioii:iht 
it would ad'ord yoa a i^ood opportunity to recuiiimeiKi to them 


to go into a Stale v)f civilization for iniless tlioy have a (..usiiv^ 
tu become civilized, I\Iecliaiuc:s will be of very liltlo ii j lo 
them. '! 'iCieroi'o 1 made a ypc^ech to llio]!! upon the subject. 
a copy Oi. wiiic 1 I herewith enc]o.>e to you [follovriiiy.-]. Whcv 
I have said is mei'dx' recommendatory ^md not p :-' ively e, 
gaging that government vrill comply v.ith what I advise, ex- 
cept as to furnishing them with mechanics for which they 
\ 'Ore t''' make a compensation. I hope what I have recom- 
mends to the Indians may not be thought to arrogate, as 
exceeding the duty of an Indian agent. I should li]'o to have 
the sentiments of the Depr,..tment of wrv upon tlie subject 
^'^hicli I have recommendL • to the Indians; for I ^^ould not 
by any means have the thought that I v.^ould do aiiything con- 
trary to the sentiiients of government. The Indians received 
(; parently) rny advise with great attention, and by their 
re. *y was well that their f^^hers the Americans would 
have so tender •: regard for them as to assist then] in en- 
deavoring to civilize them. They said they would take tlie 
subject in'O consideration and after making it generally 
]rao\Mi amc-ng their peoiple the vv'ould probal;ly by n; spring 
■ ive an answer; and v , to the su' '-^ct of receiving n: chanicb 
it should ;3e considered sei-arately. 

I have the hoiior to be very respectfully yonr Obt. St'r\i.. 

Til. Posey 
The Honble The Sec tary of War 

City of Washing': ^i 

A Speech Delivehed by GoveRx^joii Posey /igent for I; diax 


/I . /„, ; . , 22nd Novr. 181 G 

Har. P". ,404-.; (;- 

My CJiikh n: I am happy to meet with you this day anc; 
to have tnis opportu ity to oi ju )ny mirid and speak to yon. 
Unstop your ear , Oi'en your eyes, look, b.ear and consider 
well v.iiat your father '^, /eac terpen is goir., lo say to you, l!:t 
it sink d( p into your hearts, and if >'0u approve of my ad- 
vice you should follovr it, but you ha\e a riglit to follow it 
or not as you may tliink proper, tho I must request you to 
kcc]') this my advice in your memory ar.d tell it 'o your cliil- 


d,reii your chijdi'o:--i's children and let it be handed di wn \o 
fut re genera^ ions what Weactonon ncv: say< to yor : 

A/.'/ Red Children: Weas, Kickapoos, Potatwatomies, Chiefs 
and Warriors and whatever other bands may be preyent, a 
great inany of you are collected here at this place, look up 
to the great Spirit, the Father and creator of the Heavens 
the earth, and every living creature; He is now looking dovni 
upon, us; He knows our hearts and is acquainted witii every 
thing .hat is done either by us or- in any way wliatever. If 
we do what pleases him he smile: upon us and •vill rcvrard 
us if anything (• it displeases him he is angry and will punish. 
us either in this world oi' in the world where our Spirit go 
and p}" bably in both. 

My Children: 'T'he Great Spirit has put 'is lavrs into the 
hearts of all his children of whatever complexion, vrhether 
white, Rv 1 0}- Black; of whatever nation tongue and kindred, 
they all kno'^ -hen they do right and when tl'iey do wrong 
as well be acceptable to youj' fat. ler tlie President and great 
council of the nation. 

Mv cjiildren: Look and see how hap])y many of the people 
av'- 'lat have got into a settled state, S; the Cherikees, tlie 
Chi.kasaws, Choctav>^s and some of tlie Crorks, tliey live liap]v..- 
and are increasing. Why not follow tlseir example and be 
ha 'py too? They have th ir good houses, their good planta- 
tions, stock of every kind to subsist on, and a great deal to 
sell to the white people. Many of them are getting ^-ery rich. 
Do ye follovv^ their examph^. They don't steal and plunder 
the v/hite people and one another. Now my advice to you is 
in order to be at peace and friendslM]) with tlie \'\liite people. 
and vvith each oth( ' that you do nut steal and ])lunde]-, ar.d 
if you have anything that some of your bad men have taken. 
deliver it u,> that the right o^\mer m; y get it again. We have' 
some bad men amoiig us as well as you have but we stri^•o 
to kc-ep them from stealing, plundering and treating you ill, 
and if they have an^'thing belonging to you it must be re- 
stored to you. 

My ('kildren: This may be the last time I n.iy ever see 
you but if the great Spirit pleases to give me life and healtli. 
I expect to s(-< you again next spring, v.hen you expect to sec 
us or some others that your father tl P]-esident will send 
to me^^t you upon the business f < . vrliicn we were sent to see 
you, aud have a tallv. We all know that i" is ou duty to lovo 

HA -■>V'TQ.OM. ATT.'''-"-.' ^ /''"■><-.' ^ "'^\ T P^"rT~''''C "^ '■ '• 

tlio great Spirit aiul keep his lav;s; He furin^Iics us with 
■very good ihini;- — with Vviu.l ^^'e eat, drink and v;ear — then 
we ought to Io\e him, and he has told us lo k)ve liini, tc l:eep 
his jaws, in our hearts, to love on anothei- lovu our fatliers. 
mothers, our l)rothers and sisters and our wives and clukli'trii. 
We must do no wrong one to another; we nuist be in peace 
Yvuth men — not kid, not steal and not have malHce in our 
]:earts one to anotlier. 

Mu Children: Your Fatlier the Presiderit, the great Am^eri- 
can. Council wish you Vvell and wish you to be in friendship 
and at peace willi the American peopk', v ith one arioiher and 
vrith r I. nations of people; they wish you to oe iiappy, and 
would a sis; you if you would strive to make yourselves luippy. 

My C'tilld: sn: I have grown old in tlic service of my coun- 
try-. I have s ved as a war chief in time of w. r and ha\c 
s-r\'ed in mc ''' i> ace. I have >■ ai and expei'ic ced a grca". 
deal of the ti ansactions bet -een man and man, and can giN- 
you good advice. The time lias come thr.t men are '.visor, 
n ore enlirr ened, have greater expericns, :- arv.. knc more tlie 
great spirit than formcj-ly. 

xl/// Children: Your father ^e President and ' 'eat .- leri- 
can council \ to see yow happy and hear thai you have a 
desire to be settled, I '^m authorized to tell you and my advice 
to iou seeing and knu. ing (i.ltiio you possess a great deal of 
land) youi' subsistcince by hunting has dinrnishea and is daily 
decreasi; ', tlie wi^d animals by which you used to be sup- 
po ed ha\e got so scarce IJ it i with great difficulty (in 
ma.iy parts where you reside) furnish yourselves with nour- 
ishment — ^then my children why not set about immediately 
to alte your niude of life? Settle yourselves in villages or 
otherwise, ruse s^ock oC every land particularly cattle ar 1 
hogs, cultivate th:; earth, raise coi-n and othei' kinds of iib- 
sistance, build houses, and learn the useful arts; have your 
chudren taught to read and write and to love the Great Spirit 
and ser\"e lii i. If you incline tc- follow my advice ,.ou mu;a 
give me infc.mation as soon as you can^. And I v.ill give 
information to y<. u- father the Piwsidcnt and great Council 
of tie Naiion, who I have no doubt v/ill assist you, ihe>' will 
s, nd trad m; n to shovi'' you liow^ to bulk lious;. , an.-, make 
necessary furniture, to make plouglis, axes, hoes, ant; every 
kind of usef ull toi : ; you will have men sent t sliew j'oii liow 
to cultivate your fields; you have son horses that may be 


1 .;; to plough, aiic; niore can. be I'urmV' 3c!; jx>ii will hrivo 
oxc , carts, sled, and lia^ness ol" e\'ei'y kind u-'f^rull for you 
and you will hnvQ women sent to teach you'' ^voinen how to 
spin, wea\e, and r-.ako your clothin^^', to make a beginnhig 
u.'.efuU teols and •mplements of husbandry, and some pro- 
vision will be sent to you. 

Now my Children: Ali'io a g-'ca' deal may be given to 
you, you I^now that all tnesc services cannot be done I'or 
nothing; some compensatioii must be made you liavo it in 
your power to make such kind of componsatiori vrith you, 
\ hen you expect, to have the Dclav, 'es i-uid M'.vmies v/ith 
you. But ].\. the meantime if you sliould ii;^]: ■ up your mijids 
upon the subjects wLiclt I have n 'iitioned to you, you must 
mak„ it known to i ic. The way v/ill always be open to me 
for comi iunication. If you make your mind k ov/n to T ajor 
[Jojm T.] Chun who commands a> Ft. HariUon to Jud: e I>. 
Parke or ^Toseph Barron In" ; Interpreter at Vincenru- it 
will soon find me. I sha'' ue either at Vin^ onncs or at no 
^:rer!t distance irom thence. It iiay be iiat I shaii !?e at Ft. 
u lai :"ison again in the course of a month or two your annuities 
v/ill be d( ivercd o you as soon as the coun ' brc ks up, 
after v 'lich we shall part for t' ^s time, and novv"" I pray that 
the great Spirit may talco you into his Holy keeping-, ajid 
guide you unto ; 11 truth and do not foi,,_-,et v, at Weactonon 
has said to you, he will ilways do what the great Spirit may 
enable hiin to do for your good. You ha\^e given me the 
name of Weactonon, I think it an lionorab: ? name, and shah 
hand it down to my Children. I nov/ shakr- Tiands with you 
GaJTiclin or Madison; L Itle-Eyes o]- Wasidn;^ m, Ston eater, 
Jackson, Little Ot:: , Little Ducks, ?^Iegrolcge, Yellow-L avc! , 
and the rest of the Villag;. and War Chiefs. 

To this speech several of the chi Ts replied and was wll 
pleased saying they would give an answer on or before next 
spring. That in the meantime they would consult their re- 
spective 1 mds and ti'ibes and make the contents of tijc spc: 'di 
known gx iierally araorxg them. 



Yours of tlu \[\\ Ocir. I I'c. ivod at t'lis place early in 
Novi'. Agieeabi, to the requisil' -w therei]! co!!i:ained and in 


, order to make my r.. - vl upon tlie subject accurate ujkI -pro-)- 
erly ex} .inccl upon .i..' dilierent items tlie names and prol)- 
able numbers of tlie tribes under my superintendency, th. 
amo-int of the annuities paid tbeid, the amount of presents 
other V'-?,ii provision which rjght to be d'stribilted ; inong 
then:, the annual expense of in-ovisions issued to them, and 
an est'^nate of thie authorized .nd. contirigent exjicnses of my 
agency, incUidirig not only the items just enumerated, but 
also my pay and emoluments and tliose of the interpreti s 
an'" other persoiis in ^ ly employment as agent. 

Wlien I received yo .a- letter I v\-as on my vay to treat vitli 
the adians at Ft. Harrison, I had not documents with me. 
and I t'^iought by postpones ant of the report to you I could 
mal: ■ it much i ore satisfactoiw after the treaty. When the 
trcc"; y broke up ai.d I returned t^'. t' "s place I immediatel\ 
set about to mnko 'he report bv there were documents av 
Jeffersouville ' t v. ore necessan' lo be oL'ained. t have dis- 
patched av' ex; •(;. which I expect will return m a fow days, 
but not in ;i a' for the rep' "t to go by the return of next 
mail vrhich will be on tha 12tl; Inst, tho. the report could be 
ready to Stud > H" in a few days aii..r. By t'^e next r :ccc:.ding 
ma 1 it will be certainly sent on, and will reach you the first 
or second week of Jan;,-, next. 

The business of the agency I find increasing very much. 
The salary of the agency as annexed to tliis office of Gov- 
ernor of the Territory vv'as S800, this su-ni as a salary for tho 
agent of this station (Ft. Hri-rison an..'., its dependencies) is 
surely v'ery inadequate. The duties of the agent are proljably 
equal to those discharged by an}" other agent, and of course 
the sah'vy ought to be equal. I wish the Piosideiit to take 
this subject into consideration, a; d that you would a ' Mso me 
what I ain to receive as my salaiy from the time I wer.t out 
of office as Go^■er::or of Indiana Territory. 

I have the hone ' to be very respectfully, 
Your Obt. Servt. 

Tn. Posey 

Ho]ible. Secretary of War 
City of W.vsiitng'; jn 


Report of Harrison Invest .gation 

January 23, 3P-17 

Am. Sta. Pa. Mil. A/. 7, cil? 

Mr. Richard M. Johnson made tlio followmg repovt: 
T...J select committee, to whomx was referred the letter and 
documents from the acting- Secretary' of War on tlie subject 
of General Harrison's leti:er, (Dec. 20, 1815) asli lca^'e to 
report : 

That tliey have investigated the facts involved in this in- 
quiry bv- the examination, of docm ■ ts, and a gre;i'; v unber 
of the m.ost respectable Vvitnosses pcrsoually acquainted with 
the transacticis pon v/hicli. tlie inquiry originated; aud the 
con- riittec ■ e unanimously of opinion that Genera.] Harrison 
stands abo\e suspicion, as to hi having lad any pecuniary 
or imp -per connexion v/ith the officers of the commissariat 
foi- the supnly of tl;.: r,orth western army; that he did not 
wantonly oj iie.properly interfere vv'itli the rights of con- 
tra' tors, and that he was in his measures governed by a 
prop-r zeal diid dcvoiion to the public interest. The connnit- 
tec as^' leave to be discharged from the fur '• coit si deration 
of the su' -ct; an(', as tlie papers refer '■ pa^L to conduct 
and tra ctions of the contractors of the northwestern army, 
wl-ose accounts are unsctled, and only incidentally involv ■! 
in this inquiry, that the papers be ti'.-irismitted to the Depa - 
me t of War. 

CoxnmL'.nicated to the House of Rci es'jntati\'es. 


NORTU Benp, 14th Nov. 1817 

CJioicaa Mss. JJ/, L.- Louit; McrcaniUe Lv. /«,•;/ 

Dear c;i.i 

The lapse of years has lut obliterated from m.y memory 
the civilities I rec' ivcd from you on my several visits to St. 
Louis. T wish nevv' to add to tlie oliigation by re(jue::tinr 
f'-r tlie be .or hereof ]\.Ir. Jnu. L. Watkius auy aid ycu nia\- 
have in your power to ani"oi-d him in the prosecution of ';is 
view; He wishes to be employed as a Teaches- of yoiilh be- 
ing v ell acquainted with the Latin aud Gicolv I/ni,',';uar;o and 
the "' itlnnatics. 

He lived for a con.'.:der;ible time as a tutor iu. in ■ lamib/ 


and ]ias since superintend. I an Academy in Shelijj ville Ivy. 
in both o.r which situations has given j2;'reat satisfaction. Any 
civiHties or scrviC"S you. ma; rend -r him will be acknov/I(?d^:ed 
by me. 

Bo pleased ..> present e in the most resi- 'ctful ternis to 
Madame Choteaii to yo^ • brother and his fa jly an.d those 
of McFom^ ad and Mr. Gratiot. 

I am yr'b with gieat respect and R(\<i'ard 


Aug. CitOTEAU, Esq. 


Nor H Bend neai Gleves 6th Dec. 1883 

Tipton Mss. Ind. StoJc Lihrary 

Dear General 

I liave had your remarks on the i.'- tides whic.i appe .red 
in the Kenincky intelligencer repubi >hed in the Han- ^ ton 
hiiiUigincer of this state in which one of the fortvis was pub- 
lislied some thne last summer. Tvly ov/n replj' will come oit 
next Saturd:,. I thong' it best to piibhsh omo docurnenl.^- 
which were furnished by Wah'er T;iyIor & ot' ers, when those 
infamous chai;i,-es wliicli tlie writer f, the Kentucky Irlcl- 
ligenocr has revived first made their app avance in print, 
and that Hiey phould be .• comp?nied Vyiih some explanatory 
remarks from myself. vvould have been unnecessary if 
your publication had been under your proper signature. At 
least it would have been so as fa] as my \'i :'ication v/as con- 

I ' ;g you to believe thr-t I fee' tiie warmest gra.itudo for 
the kind feeling- you exprer.s for me in the conclusion of your 
piece. Indeed it has been a souicc of the greatest gratifica- 
tic i to me amidst the per -ecutions I have suffered thnl I hav.-^ 
rarely faih. J to fmd a friend when ever I meet witii im- one 
w-K) hi; served under ivy command or with me ui)dor the 
CO;, nai..! ol; others. A;, instance of tbe latter occur/cd tlii. 
day. A man wh ■ now ]cr;ides in Indiana & who served with 
me cix years as :. Corpora) iri the first Ti. S. Reg. Infy. under 
GenoT' . St. ChiM' & Wayne, r.-dled on me. The moment I 
laid my eyes on irim I kficw liim as i lO person wlio ai the- 
instant he v/as about t(.) bo ex' -'uted I hai the happiness to 

f.O— 22CCi 


,stop the i)roccc'(l)i)i:,s hy Jiaiuling- to Iho ofncvr of ilie day 
pardon fyom the commanding general. He v/as then (17^.' i; 
a vox, Innidsome young man oi 22. His criine was tluit of 
having f i'erv d his guard (v/hich lie commai)ded to take care 
of the c.-.itle 'l the a-cray) to kill oiie of tliem. Ho was pr;- 
donc'' from tiie yalhintry he had displaied in the ac- .i nt 
the rapids of the ]\iiami of the lake a few v\-eeks beir> Oi in 
wliich he had received a flesii wound, Ne.ver did I see a n:?.ri 
brave death with mor fortitude. Until tlie ]) ^rdon was an- 
nounced his countenance was marked b}' a ^;u^ n indigiiaiioi; 
which he felt as he informed me f}'om tlio ignominiou ■' :..ll" 
which had beeii assigned to him. When his ;irnis \'.'ere Joos- 
oncd & the rope removed from his neck he leaned out of th*; 
w^aggon in \'h.ich he had been placed, took a youn gii"'! (who 
was hio mistress & who had stood weeping by the side of .be 
waggon) in his arms kissed her &. folding his arms reg^rcvd 
the ]au::hter which he cij'cumstances produced & the filin 
off of the /umv (wliich had bee;, turned out on tlie occasion' 
with equal in-ifrerence. I believe i' w^a proved on h^s tria' 
that ^^e was absent from his guard wiien they killed tlic animal 
b:'t that covdd not be admitted as any -.xtenuation of t'.; 
crime by the Court- j^^artud. Tliis mart wlioso nai e is Jam 
Redding came to g. from me a certificate of his servic '. 
Having liea. d of the j^.;. obability of the soldiers of 'hese e? Siv 
wars being placed upon ihe pension list. It app^:ar3 to iri? 
that sucli ought to be tise case. The troops who served wiT: 
]ia" '^r, St, CTur &, Wayne unde;; svent excessive Jiardship? 
& received a very small compensation. 'The privates vre:. e 
allowed only $3 dollars ."Cr r ontli. For a year an hal,' I w; 
T^nsign on the pfiy of f-^lS per mon h & two rations and altbo 
I fared mise ibly so high was e\A'ry nec(^:-sar>' that I coul'l 
not live upon it & procu' e proper Regim- Tals. WHien I be- 
came the Aide- •^-Camp of. the Commanding General I ]■-- 
cived the pay c-: emolumimts of a Major of the hue \ sich 
was $6'; r ' 4 rations & $1/. for forage for month ]jui ev'%1 
this was ]■. ^'oly sufr'Tent to vCep me in cha' iug, hoses, T 
equipments. I was ob^ligcd i keep t\vo horses &■ sucli r we. :■ 
fit for an aid u: cainp cou d not [)e obinincd bn- lc>s th. 
from $1B9 to $250. I say fit for .•,■. aid do cariVj.', bee: vis 
none but those of gre .i ^•' o/igih, a' i!\^iiy &. flectnoss will s-: 
swoj- for tliat service. le deliveiv' of an order a jitmi. : 


soo]}or or later might bo proclut vo of mc. t hqtIoiw. conso- 
qucncc:-;. 1 know indcicd two instaiicej- in \\liich tlic li-. os oi" 
0ilicei';s bCcU-iiig important order,-.:, v/ero pi'esoi'VGd by lie llecl- 
ness and acti\ ity of tticir Iiorsc::;. At th". seigc of I'^rt r/Ieigs 
on the cventiiil 5ih oi' i\iay, 1 hiad .' it the squadron ■.■'i 
dra^-oons under th.e command of Cc.o. Bail to cover the land- 
ing of Gen. Clay's troops above tiie fort. Seeing- with my 
(flass that Ball (in the plain on the Ri.ver) was al>out to bo 
attacked from the high ground^ ^vithiii rifle distance, by a 
body of Indians (my aid de camp being at that moment other- 
V7ise ( iployed) I sent Quarter I'-Taster Euboj to direct Ball 
to aoCcad the hill & drive off the Indians whc .; pos^^ion was 
on tlie flank of the r( ito t.;f Clay's troops to the F ' Eu- 
banks I'oute was also a'ong that plain which C' posed him 
likewise to the fir^ of the Indians. To give him every pos- 
."■iblc chance I mounted him on one of my ovv'n horses. As 
1 anticipated, the Indian,, began t fire on h' .i before he g-t 
one fourth ]>art of the way but being under full speed he was 
not hit, TJ,. re ran a ditch through the pi:. in which had be^ 
dug to drain r pond. Unluckily, Eubanlv came to tlu pari: 
which, was Y:'/y' and deepest. He a' ipled .) ma! • the 
le p but the horse frightc::ed at the yenov/ clay b:inl-: of the 
o; posite side suddenly vrheeled & ran off. E. hv.wcver stoped 
Si t.urned him & giving him the whip & spur again lirought 
' im up & obliged him to take the leap, a mou: trous lea" it 

The xndiau: were all the while firing at him but so ex- 
tremely rapid was his ino\:''mcnt '^ th Indians being mucli 
above him he xaped unhurt. Tlse otiier instance to wliich 
I :icfe]red occiirred to myself at the Battle of tfie Rapids of 
the Miami (not ]\'"aumee) of the lake. Whilst tlie advanced 
light troops were engaged with the Indians &, the infantry 
0: 1 'le line were fonning G iL Wayne sent me with nn order 
to the di' 'Toons on the ri:_,:it to charge for the pur] ,se of 
chccki f' ;c advance of the enemy ujitil the lino was forme^'. 
As the nearest way, I took the diagonal lir,;: in front ■ f the 
I;ifantr--. When I reached the point opposite the riglit bat- 
talion of the 1st sub legion they were eng.'iged vriih the In- 
dians who had driven in the light troops: \vhich covered th.^ 
part of the line. I was thus exposed to -h^- hrc of both bit 
my gpllant teed Viore nif oirward \vith siu i ra,:' Miy that I 


e^;cal)ed uiiliuj-L. W 1 ['atiguo you with these 6 tails, so uniii- 
tercstiiig' to ail biit ihoso wlio v;ere coiicoi ntxl in thern you 
mil i: attribute il to 'ny having < :un:ht something of the o-ir- 
rul.ity if yonr constituent old Heading. j\Iy j^iincipal oijjo^t 
in wiiting t^ is letter is to enqiii)'e whether you Ivriovr any 
thing of a Delaware chief called N^icoming who vva.- with rne 
at the battle of the T"i mes c^: aii other c lied Little Boa-^-r 
of the same tribe, The latter was the person (tlicn a lad of 
18 years old) who saved my life by killing the Indian wlio 
was sent by the beligcrent Indians to assassi-'-^ate me v.-hc'i 
I was \ '[h the :rmy at Sen ;c;. on tiie Sandus'.y. ;-Iy ob:t-cl 
in enquiring" after these meni is to g-^o them .o go with v\-} 
on ;n expedition I meditate up the Missouri on to the fr;;.- 
tiers o;' Mexico. Notvv^ith standing the gj'eat sacrifice of pro;> 
erty I have made to pay my own del't & those for wliich I 
was bour ] as securitj^ I still owe about ??12''0O the g.ei .v'r 
pai't as endorser fo]- Thomson Ncbv of Cijicinnali who is 
quite : le to pay it if he '^ad the inch la' ion to do it. I have 
been ; 'king every exertion in )!iy power to make my ag i- 
cultu al pursuits productive enough to pay my current ex- 
penses as well as the interest of ivy debts & a ^ .idual i:- 
du. "on of the capital. I hav; not yet succeeded. I ' r. ?, 
however a project in progress hich n^ay pi event the ne^es- 
sh. of recurring to the scheme above mentioned. T am pro- 
paring an ajiparatus foi' ' ' n drying corn in the manner prac- 
ticed at the Brandywine mills. If it succeeds as I Q^-ncci, 
I can pu.t my corn in a state either ground or unground l-; 
be transpoi t. d to the dist- nt markets wi^'hout risk of spoiling 
&; at considerable profit. If it de^^s not succeed I can have 
recourse to the other p oject. Bat as such an undent king 
must be commenced in May or June it is necessary lo tak-.. 
some of the steps necessary to its success in the course fji 
this winter. Two Indians such as I kno v Nicomi;ig »!i t'n? 
Beaver to be may be of great service to me on an expediti- .. 
of the kind T contemplate. You will say perhaps tl:at s h 
an enterprise -s nol suitable to my advanced ag^ If : y 
heali . shoi.ld continue until the f.jirii^g as good as u novr is 
I would have v- hesitation in under !aking it. My co- -tii.;- 
tio'' seems suitvd to exposure & liardsliip. But ;\i. an;-.- rai'..- 
it my corn dr\ ;ng scheme fails 1 shall have no aUt-.i^: ti^ :■. 
The Bank U. S. Vvdiich is my c redilor for all of the [iilegib- ] 
debt must soon \:ind up its cnK-eiiis. I have rcW so )nuch 


of my property tluit kIigiiIcI I be obliged to sell a.v; much as 
would clear mo of debt 1 should be left without the means 
of suppc ting the large family o}* inore propc.'~-ly families 
which ai-e dependent upon me, VaiT js other scliejpes ha\'(^ 
been thought of, ojiamijied & aljadoned. It v.'ould rcquii'e a 
great deal of time to qualify me for the bar or for the prac- 
tice of Physic altho I was a student of the latter for neai'ly 
two years before I entered the ainiy. I never could succeed 
in the mercantile business even if I had capital to commence 
it. Such pursuits are neither conr.eriial to my iiature or tl; 
iiabits r my life. I might take one of the 1 ;g Hotels n 
Cincinnal' but the same objections oppose it, \.'\ih the addi- 
tional or of the burden it v/ould inij^c e upon my "amily. 
To the hi; ting &. trapping expeditioji no objection can be 
made but the on bovc sug ^sted viz personal hardships & 
personal hazard. hose I was never accustomed to regard 
wher I vas in tlie sei'vice of rny countiy neither should they 
form an obstacle to an enterprise having foi* its object the 
adv.miage of my family. 

I h :ve heard fiom :- y son Benjamin within a few ('.ays. 
He was then on ihe Big Horn I .ver and was concluding a 
small trapping ex];edition farther west on his owti account. 

I send you '^cIosg ' th -amilton paper containing the 
"Voiunte.. .' " & the Editors remarks on the piiblications o^ the 
Kentucky I teUigettcer. 

F Gsent my re pects to my frier d Hendricks. 
I am D*.ar General 

Very Sincerely yr friend 

W. H. Hi, .isa 

P. S. A nephew of mine will be in Washington this vrinter 
0'\ sor, .' -.usiness with Congress, lie is from tlie county in 
Va with Gov. Tyh^ •. 1 have enclosed i line of introduction 
to hi' .. He is a highly respectable &. .viniable man. Ciov. T 
will info • .1 you of his vrrival, I enclose you 
Honb-e. (;en. Joi-IN Xm-xON 

Hal •' iON TO TiproN 
' ■ ■' ■ "' NORTJi Bkn;' 2nd May 18o. 


Your le'ter enclo; 'ng the article rom the Mechanic reached 
me in duv' time. It iVun;' m<" iri bad he. 1th, in bad spirit &. 


, feeling more like a iiiisa ithi-opo tluui I have evrr done in 
my life before, & tJierefore tho mr "gnant altack of "iii<:' 
friend to truth" did not make the imiiressiun U;;oii ::ie whi:-h 
it wouli,. have done at another time. I still however thc^lA 
I might ansver it & in tiie mean tinic determined to v.-rite 
to three of the ge ilemen who v.-er- in my ftaff at the battle 
of the Thames to see 'f their recolle. lions of tlie circum- 
stances agre*^-^ with mi^ e. 

I Iiave rec ed ansvrers from all & all coincide v. ith me in 
their relation f the facts bearing o. the case. 

Wlien yoi! le/.r them you vrill be convinced that this attacl: 
(altho as yo say it is a nal',) is as malignant a or:o 
as any of ti^ose which . r near 20 years have have been 
made upon me. I sent the extract ,\ou forwarded to Colo. 
Todd bat if I recc :-ct arright it asserts tliat 'X-( iudr Perry 
& several other American Officers as well as British ofiiceis 
who knew Tec' '.athe saw and recognized his body." Now I 
will venture my L,-ad if Comdr Perry or any of the Amer:- 
can fhcers or any Am-rican Sold jr vh > was in the action 
had ever seen Tecumth-. in tlieir lives, myself only excepted, 
I ^ ouh' make the sai : venture that no c ncer of the Eriti: .. 
. '^:gidar army saw the body ti at was supposed to be T — e. 
For early in the morning after the action I sent them down. 
the river to a farm house & only tw; of them were permitted 
to returr again to our camp in chi rge of an officer to s- ar. ■ 
for some baggag • whicli had been plund'. ed from them by 
the women of their o\"i\ a my. I was persuaded t(o that 
no e of them heard anj^ thing certainly about the death of 
T- -e until after their arrwal at Detroit & then only as ;. 
rumour. The British trciops forniing the left wing of thtj 
army could not see &. could not possibly know what passed 
bet'veen the Indians & those who were opposed to the i in 
the swamp on their right. I have said that no British o'lic- : 
of tneir Regular a my .ad seen & recogiiized the body ;>f 
Tecumthe & in 'his I am supported b.y Colo. Todd wiio wa- 
the A .?t. Inspector -enl. of the army (& the Senior oi'ic •; 
of that dcpart^nerit . .■esent) & to Vvdiom the char,; .:• of tl. 
Br'tish dicers were comni: led) & by Coio. OTallon & Major 
Chamb vTS the former one of my regular Aids de Camp i I'm. 
latter a volunteer Aid de camp. But neither of the two 
former ]ior jayself (unt^: I got the cnclosod leltor from Ciiaoi- 
bers) ever heard tbit ' j had taltcn Colo Ba'^y a i^.Ie.cht, of 


Sandwich mA a Militia C^^lonel to see tlio bociy. The cau^^: 
of V not havhij; been mentionGd to m<; by Clianibe: s is state*"' 
in liis letter. 

In the morning ai'tei' the action I ijidcrfit( kI that a C~n- 
adian ho had beci cpntiircd in the i-etreat had asserted that 
T — G was killed I \v( o see this man & he told n.;.' -iiat he 
had ,-ec : Tecunithc wounded mortally & that the Indians had 
wonndea him. If I am not mistalvcn this man (the Canadian) 
died of a wound he had received. Another Canadian in- 
formed O'F Hon that he w.s told on the retreat that T— e 
v/as killed. He -said he would easily recogiize T — e & I di- 
rected CT to take (he man & examine the ' odies which were 
left on the ground. He reported to me thiit tlie man. recog- 
nized a body as T — e & declared that an other bod:,- ^v}:icb h\y 
near it wrs tne Prophets. But that body had two eyes. The 
I opliet w;,- kno'wn to have but one &, the Ca^adi-ln ackno^vl- 
edy-T; ■ ' was m^^takon. Toward the evening" of that day 
I took ;i;mGi'. Perry & several othee officers & went a ex- 
amine <.ie ' edy which had been thi; designated as — e. I 
found it in uie situati described by CI imbers & vas very 
much m-jriined & ii'r=' led. I was certain tlu: I had seen 
the p: rson ijefore bui. .. could not delermiijc whether it was 
T — e or a Potawalimi Chief who had always been ■ ith hhn 
when ever 1 had seen him. 

Th'; face was much swd'en & it appeared to have Imd a 
stre ' witii a Tonnaw: or sometliing els. over the top of 
t ie nead. O'Fallon says that he h \d on a cotton huiUnig 
siiirt vchen he ; w liim. I think nowever the body was either 
naked or the s./irt v/as roliod up above the breast whc. I 
saw it. The British writer says thn' he v/a. ''disting^'.h'iud 
by wearing a leiither shirt" now altlio you vv'cre n iny hundr;'d 
: dies from the Thames at the time yet from your knov>ded. e 
of the predv ictioii of the N. A. Indians for thiit article of 
dress you v/ould no doubt give it as your opinion thid y'vA Oi 
tlv- 1800 or 2,000 Indians who were in the action (or n er 
it ■'!' Nine tc (lis of the wlsole numbc}- did n ;. lire a gan) 
there must haee been some hundicds who Were thus "d' - 
tinguished" greatly' vexed & mortiaed at the nuit;;dati(m (jf 
the body I would not suffer any persfin vvdio liad b^on v.t- 
t' .: cd {■■:■ the British; iinvy to be called to ■■'XaivMne it c:. was 
desirous inat it should be attrib ted to our Indians who v,-ouid 
I \a(.'\v suii'er no loss of honour I>y it. fjut yei 1 veas morally 


' cijriD^n that tiioy (oi,-- Indians) i s n(;. co]umitted i.. I 1- 
the c my eiilu- ■ that E—g or eariy th(3 next monnn^r ^ py,,.. 
cccded to Detroit ^vith Comdr. Perry to nako arraiig-eincnt-. 
for an cxpcditi.-^n to the upper lances. I prepared vny officia.l 
dispatch on my arrival ' ..t as the de.'th of Tccnnthe slil^ 
remahied i;, a great d^'gree m- tain 1 did not inention i:. 
I was hov>- ever morally certai-. tliat he was killed but as 
one account siatos hi' f)oing wounded & taken off I was un- 
willing to ru tlic rislc of having my report contradictcl hy 
tlu: '' est evidence viz. that of his presenting himself alive to 
his [illeg'ble] Provost. My dispatch was submitted to Ge ;■. 
Shelby for his cori'ection if there v as any error. Lie made 
none & declared that . mple justice, w; s done to all oiicerned. 
If I had mentioned tlie probability of T — e's d('ath , could .;'-;i 
have with any ort of justice attributed it to any individuai 
n-jr indeed c ml,: I have deta-m]ued t) - . 70/7)5 by whi^di it 
had been ^ne. From ,y ikci> inforr \ inn I should ha- 
attributed it to the Infantry, because I iiew tl^at they hi 
encountered the LdiaL neav L- the spot. As 1 found thni 
hotly engaged wiLi the India when I repaired fi'om th 
i.ght to the left of ou-_ line, ii war: not r \y inte. tir.^i llr 
Johnson's Corps should crvjv.3 [n contact N.-ith the Indii - n; 
did I k-.ow until I saw ^ sta aent in McAtfee's his; y • ■■ 
what exien- it Lad done so. ] knew indeed that Colo. J — i. 
had been Wv mded by Ind us f;T he told me so i, ad^ied t]i:.t 
he Jiad killed uro of them, when I visitted him shoj'tly aftc]' 
the action. I have b'^en c I'cavouring to recollect vrhc]i ii 
was tiiat I nrst iiea. J that it was supposed tliatT — v/a- killed 
by Colo. Johnson. I am satisfied that it v.. s not until ni - 
return to Ohio in the Febry. foil ving & I believe not until 
some time in the sprin;.. CiiambL:.,- (v.dio went immediately 
heme after the action) says that he is satisfied that he did 
not hear it for several months & so say both Todd &. O'FaLon. 
The latter say:- that "when he I'oturned to Ky ait';^r the v,-a:' 
w. s ovt he ^■. as asked this question "whether if Colo. Joli; - 
son did kill an Indian there ■ as ;iol tnorc pro' abiliry t'at 
it was T — e than any otbc:. And he avoA\'od aiiirmativcl,. " 
Now this is precisely the ground th.;t I always took, '^"^hoii 
evertV ' circumstance was mentioned in my pr( ;;v'nco I aLvnys 
referred to tlie fact that CoL^ Ji had info/med mn i.;nnc- 
diately after r!!p action that he had kiUed an Indian & b'^foro 
lie couLi ha\ heard that '. — -e was .hilk:d -& ha\'i — li-'ard .1 .i;:"; 


good an ovlty ' ni T — e had said to Genl. P}-oc1o>" a lev,' day.'-"; 
before at Chatham Creel; that he was determined to coiiqiier 
or die. (His expression Avas "jiere Genl. liaiiison or I shall 
lay 'Ur incs") I coiicluded that it Wi- most prfibable that 
seeing fj'om the position of Colo. Jn that he was the Comch*. 
of the party whicli was about to -^ssail him T — e had singic^.d 
liim out rushed r.pon him ci feV in the contest This opiv;!on 
i have alwaj's expressed. The object of tlie autlior of the 
"friend to truth" is to hx upon nie the crim? of having with- 
iield the informatic of ih" death o^ Tecum the from cnmit\' 
to or jealc' ;y to Colo. J — n. Far froin feeling uny enmity 
toward him T was upon the most intin- •.te terms of friend- 
shi,, v/ith him. Theie v/as not indeed an individual in the 
army for whom ' felt warmer regard. And as to je; ^oiis}' 
in the name of ;"'ommun sense of Vv'hat could I be jealous? 
Of his br. 'ery? No I have- him in that r- spect 
ample justice. None but Coij. Daviess' fi.i'.nds &. this Knn^ e 
& fool vdio dares to assume the garb oi '"ruth" would ever 
have tiu Li^.ht ^f the Commdr. in chief of an army ;eing 
jealous of the gal' ni^y of a "'elc officer, lut whatever might 
have ■ '']! my fc.'Jngs I ce. ainly never heard it suggcc :-d 
that • 0. J — ns ^vas tiie arm by which T — e came toll is death 
until e mont^'S after. Indeed I am certaiii not until I 

had r ;ned my commission in the army. None of J-ns. 
corps ; ow T- -e nordidT~-eorany rf his Indians kiiov/ John- 
son. Of cou-'se it could only be asserlained that -ih. latter 
kilicv. t- former by an investigation &, a comparison of cir- 
cumstarices &. this was not done initil iift. r the campaign. 
The British officers of course could hav Irnov/n n^ hing of 
the matter as they were in an other pait of the field & had 
sufficient occupation in the --■ion & no opportu7iity of making 
inquiries af terv. rd. 

Whatever infoimation in relation to the afifair whi; they 
gave !;o th British hi.': orian they must have acquired wirile 
tl y •.■/ere prisoners in Kenty. If truth really was the o' "::t 
of the ^--riter Vvdio made tl]is attack Uii)on me ought he i to 
ha^■v b(,en struc' wiin the circumstances that none ol tlie 
Western historian of the war nor ;iny oiie else in the \V',\ster]i 
Country had blamed me •' r not menti; dug iAi^r death of 
Tecumthe. ?" less than tv*; of tlv liistorys of Ih.e Vv^ai- were 
written by m; .nbers of Johi'sons ;o)'ps. Ouic by one or Ins 
Captains (McAlTee now our :i^harge des affairs at Bogoa) 


& ihe other V)y a l\h\ Druwn oi N w York who sci'ved as a 
vcluntver in vbe Reo;t. & yet botli nf them alt]i,o the ix\or::0. 
friends of Colo, Johnso]i sp ak of my wliole ;. oudra-t Y\"it:: 
marked approbation. But I am tired of this subj.— t. All 
my friends here have strongly protested agaijisfmy ;ipp-"ar- 
ing in ; rint in answer to this vile slanderer vJiom I take 
to be ti": san' v^ v\ o some years ago sent an annonimons article 
to the L Jitor of the Ne\\- Yk. Coaintl. Advcrr. in which it was 
said that when our troops got neai the enemy I was no vrlitvo 
to be found & that Col. . J — n made all the arran<5ei icnts for 
the action. I strongly suspect tliat I could guovs v;] ^- v/a- 
the author o:' both. I must enjoin it upon you my dear .Tcn. 
not tj pi:blish this lettv r nor auuthing that is in i- in arj 
m''mier or sJia^ ?. 

i have been obliged to abrndon my inten; 1 trip to the 
West. In Febiy, I was prc^ iring to go to N Orleans to 
obtain thi'orgh the assists' ce of a vriued friend I 1 :\yq thcv, 
thi- -neans of ca'"]'ying my pr^ 'ect Im execution wh . I was 
arrested b;- a violent illness m the effects f ■' which I I .^ve 
not to this moment rec. vc ed & to my astoni; hmen' & great 
re^Tot my son Bcnjamiji returned from the RcKky JMcurtai:- ■ 
soon afte . In his trip he cont iv.-l to squander at least 
$1,0. in a maner totally unaccountable. Since I c mmcnced 
tb'o letter m;, son Scott returned from N. 0. On his w?: 
dc n he lost one of his boats & no; rly the whole cargo. Iz 
wa^; sunk by the falling of trees & it \\-as with no small rik 
that hin^ & Benjamin &, two r hei's that w -e in the boil 
saved their li\-es.. Our entire loss is about $' 00. I had [il- 
legible] onlj^ $400 & tj Cc.rgo v,\>uiu have > old readily f^ v 
$1100. In my < dvanced age I am jiot a favorite of Forturn?, 
But come what may, neiL er to licr frowns nor tothepeltings 
& persecutions I have experience;! cc may still experience fror.i 
those from whom I had a right to •'^^xpect diffei-ent treatmenl. 
v.'ill make me succumb. 1 will, i. use the language of thx- 
Tennessr^ '7'oion«el, endeavor still to "go ahead" altho in n\ 
exertions .;> jo so like the boy on the sleet I go tvro step- 
backv. ard for one Hiat I go for\ "rd. 

Eat amidst all my dilliculties 1 have a con; dation in bc- 
]■ ving that I have a few faith "ul friends & ihero is ru, e 
amon, t them whose dsintei'estcd ■dtachmenl.; 1 \alnc more 

tha]i yours 

/ cc'^pt mv b«: -t wi,>;:/ :^ 

W. H. iiAiirrsoK 


P. S. Colo, -eld Ik's just -^viMtl-?!! t- ac tliat ho jiiIctkIg 
to aDswei- ^'the rricnd of truth" & tlv I i : wi'^ lo'v/ard it (■ 
you to be inserted in the Media vie. I mention ttiis in con- 
fidence. He will anr^wcr ef^\-'ctually. 

Return me Chamber's lett-,!'. 

"R: bb Gcnb Tipton 

Hatikison'to CoivUliT"'':]i; 

Cl jinnati 2Brd Octr 1 '5 

La::sclle M>-s. lad. Sluic lAbnu'y 

C ::ntlemen 

Wher I liad th'^ Iionour to r'X:ei've yo:ir letter of the 17tu 
Ar ist last inviti. j me to particJiiale in the celebiatiun of 
th anniversiiry of th bait ^^ of Tippc' anoe on tlr spot ■ liere 
it Avas fou^^ht I was ai^prehen^dve b:at it would not be in my 
povj.r t attend, ardently as it wa, my wish to do so. I do 
t ' od however to (.'elay my an ^ver lor some time in the 
hop: hat something might occur to enable me to g b m 
incli jubons by ab ending without vi'^' !;iiig any ( di^^atieiis -t 
duty in relation to tl;. ollico I hold ihis county. I am ]••,.' 
ho \ 'ever reluctantly constrained to abandon the idea. Ti:- 
CO L't v:f which I am clerk is 'x\^s>j- In S'/osion with no probabil 
it; of its adjournment until after the day of the celebration 
shall hrvc passeb. All thi;it remains therefore is to oRer you 
my thanks for Wvo. ' ;• :jur you have done me by the in\'it^iion. 
<fe particularly i'or UiQ m: nner in wliJch you have ^een pleased 
to s}:K-}ak of my public services. 

The attendance 'vf the y uth oi e r roun'^y upon siub a 
celebration on the spot which was bie seen of the pati'" lie 
devotion which it is the object to hoiiour, camiot but be . i- 
ductive of the greatest advanti'ge. It wdll inspire them vm 
the feeliiig and sentiments v/hich ann' lated Daviess "i Spc^ri- 
cor Owen Sz Warrick under tlie influence of v»'hich th' y aba.n 
donrd their fires" les tbfir bi.oiness <b th^ir families to .-jain- 
tair the l^onour and itit'-v-: :.:t ol" th(b:' country ami(bd peiils 
& e .:i;:ers which they had (;ea}iy r();>ieon & A^hich t!"icy 
determined to disregard. Tli^-Jr fall & all the atleivbnit ci]~ 
cum 'lances sufOciently p^ a;; that 'bis was their dctei'i bna 

I sec sign'd to \-)\\v lei ei- (R?ntlenn'i) !ianies irb lately con- 
n ded with the went you intend to ci'iebrate, ( le of theiii 


pai ncular'y, vhitli v:ill ahviU's be associal 1 wi. i Iho gio-y 
of ■(• cifhievGrncnt. To ihonQ wIk) are thus ;:i(.i-tted the rccc' 
leclioii of this (•irciini^;taiicc shoukl constitute nu addiliojial 
mo'ive ior the disdiarge of all tlie duties wliie, appeidahi to 
the /haraetev of the pati'iot & citizen soldier. 
I am Gcutleuien witli ■roat Ilesiv-xt 
Your Hum S rt 

W. IL liAnRiSf.o; 
Messrs Spear S. Tipton 

STANLSLAI S } jA sselle 


Dani l Sparks 

Co))r,n.Uicc for the cekhrailon af 
the battle of Tiirpccunoc 


(*Refers to footnotes) 

Abbott, Robert, 578. 
Adair, Maj. John, 261; Gen., 564 
Adams, Martin, 285; Lt., 288. 
Adams, Capt. Nathaniel, 6; 100; 

185; Maj., 261; Adj. Gen., 414; 

424; 426; 467. 
Adams, Will, 322. 
Adkison, John, 286. 
Alexander, Capt., 260. 
Allison, James, 285. 
Allen, Gen. James, 546; 564. 
Allen, Col. John, 108*; 109; 124; 

141; 170; 171; 314; 315; 319; 

320; 321; 340; Maj., 498. 
Allen, Mo.<es, 285. 
Allen, Col. Wm., 74. 
Amable, Chevalier, 252; 618. 
Ammerson, Albert, 323. 
Anderson, Alexander, 286. 
Anderson, Col. James M., 179; 188; 

Anderson, John, 588. 
Anderson, Robert, 286. 
Anderson, Col. William P., 204; 

306; 452; 459; 473; 478; 494; 

496; 578. 
Andre, Pierre, 15*; 376*; 510; 572; 

665; 667-668; 681; 689; 692; 

693; to Posev, 685-686. 
Andrew, Capt, 281 ; Col., 207. 
Andrews, Lt. Col. John, 367. 
Anthony, Lt. Joseph, 512. 
Apagona, 578. 
Armewas, 579. 

Armistice, with Indians, 577-579. 
Armstrong, Ensign Daniel D., 250. 
Armstrong, George, 285. 
Armstrong, Will, 322. 
Armstrong, Gen., 679; 685. 
Arnold, Capt. John, 59*. 
Atwater, Reuben, 54*. 
Audrain, James, 2,17; 289. 
Auglaize, 150. 
Avasho Qui Juk, 578. 

Baby, Col., 750. 

Bacon, Capt, 167. 

Baen, William C, 2. 

Baillv, Joseph, 643. 

Bain, Capt. Paterson, 257; 289. 

Baker, Capt. Daniel, 434. 











Baker, Ensign Isaac, to Hariison, 

327; to Winchester, 371-375. 
Baker, Maurice, 286. 
iJaldwin, Daniel, 37. 
Baldwin, John, 285. 
Ball, James V., 137*; 

216; 248; 253; 254 

259; 260; 265; 270 

292; 304; 307; 370 

453; 466; Col., 471 

503; 506; 531; 546-547; 548 

549; 558. 
Ballard, Capt Bland W., 319; 321; 

329; 372. 
Banta, Henry, 286. 
Barbee, Col. Joshua, 95; 143; 149; 

161; 239. 
Barbour, Col. Phillip, 88; 120*; 

121*; to Gibson, 130-131; 132; 

133; 193; 224; 232; 234; 448. 
Barbour, Gov. Virginia, 456. 
Barclay, Capt. Robert H., 544; 583; 

Barden, Capt, 635. 
Barker, Col., 323. 
Barnes, David, 282; 285. 
Barnes, John, 286. 
Barnes, Leonard, 20. 
Barr, George, 323. 
Barron, Joseph, 26; 192; 498; 510; 

663-664; to Posey, 666-667; 077; 

681; 725; 742. 
Bari-v, Major William T., 504. 
Bartholomew, Col. Joseph, 282-283 ; 

498; 648; 659; 685. 
Bartholomew, John, 285. 
Bartlett, John C, 236; 245; 246: 

384*; 414; 426; Major, 454; 456: 

467; 531. 
Barton, Capt., 4; 6-7. 
Basev, Lt Edward, Q. M., 168; 

259; 263; 289. 
Basidon, Joseph, 29; 712. 
Basset t Bui-Avell, 29; 712. 
Batthis, John, 15* ; 32. 
Baubee, Col., 371; 374. 
Baudy, John, 280. 
Baum, 237. 
Baylor, Lt. Cyrus Alexander, 260; 

290* 512. 
Bayne, Edward, 582. 




Beadle, Luther, 285. 

Beall, Gen. Reasin, 188*; 189; 204 

207; 215. 

Beam, Capt, 279. 

Beam, Michael, 285. 

Bean Blossom creek, 279 

Beasly, Maj. N., 219; 8(37. 

Beaufait, Louis, 578. 

Beck, George, to Harrison, S0-P>1* 

Beckes, Parmenius, 15*; Caut ?,!■ 

32; 37; 284; G94. ' ' ' • 

Bcckley, John, 323. 

Bedford, Thomas, 260; 263 

Beems, 277. 

Belt, Levin, 714-715. 

Bender, Lt., 94. 

Bcnnet, John, 263. 

Benson, Sergeant, 322. 

Bentley, Major Solomon, 367 

Bergin, Isaac, 286. 

Bernet, Thomas, 285. 

Bigger, David, 286. 

Bigger, James, 15*; 281- Cant 

282; 283; 284; 376*; 572- to 

Posey, 674; 675. 

Big Knives, 60. 

Black, 407. v 

Blackfish, 464. 

Blackford, Isaac, 660; 061 

Blackhoof, 637. 

Blair, John, 285. 

Blankenship, Isaiah, 286 

Blankenship, William, 286 

Blasdel, Lt. Enoch, 693. 

Bledsoe, Jesse, 87*. 

^^^^soe, Capt. Richard, 319; 322- 
329, > '^•^^j 

Blondeau, Maurice, 27. 

Blood, Hosea, 6. 

Bloomington, 284. " ""*-. 

Blue river, 72; 73; 133. 

Blythe, James E., 327, 

Bodley. Major Thomas, 161- to 
Harrison, 238-240; 249; 533 

Boilvm, Nicholas, 271; 533 

Boone, Daniel, 163*. 

Boone, Capt, Hiram, 277-278 

Boothes, Harrison, 322. 

Boswell, Col. William E., 436- 442- 

Maj. Gen., 647; 624. 
Botts, Ensign John, 329. 
Boutcllier, Francis, 236. 
Bowel, Corporal Basil, 284 
Bowen, Dr., 371; 372; 375- 46'? 
Bowles, Ensign, 319. ' 

Boyd, John P., 17; 18; 49* 
Boyez, 692. 
Bradcn, David, 263. 
Bradford, diaries, 823. 
Bradford, Capt. William, 437- 439- 
447. ' 

Bradshaw, 288. 

Bratton, George, 285. 
Brcckcni'idgG, Major J. C, 234. 
Breneman, Corporal Henry, 203 
Brenton, Henry, 15*; Capt., SIGK 
Brevort, Capt. Plenry B., 540 
Bridges, John, 322. 
Bright Horn, 247. 
Brinton, Lt. Henrv, 280. (See 
; Brock, General, to Lord Livcjpool, 
102-103; 208; 235. 
Brouillettc, Michael, 24; 32- 38- 

677; 678; 697. 
Brov/n, 754. 
Brown, Adj., 436. 
Bro-WTi, Beverly, 260; 263. 
Browm, Capt., 589. 
Brov.Ti, Dr., 374. 
BroA\m, Ii-venne, 323. 
Brown, James, 28; 180*; 467. 
Bi-own, Joseph, 15*; 32. 
Brush, Major Henry, 168; 171; Col., 

Brush, Col, Elijah, 874. 
Bryson, Lt. James W., 89*; 92; 221. 
Buck creek, 95*. 
Buford, Thomas, 92; 119; J29- 140- 

Col., 151; 160; 177. 
Buntin, Lt. Robert, Jr., 309; 381*; 

Buntin, Robert, 49; 662. 
Burchstead, H., 6. 
Burnett, Jacob, 709; to congress, 

713-714; 712. 
Burnette, John W., 643. 
Burr refugees, 34*. 
Burton, Lt. 0. G., to Harrison, 2; 6. 
Buskirk, Absalom, 276. 
Butler, 407. 
Butler, Capt., 289. 
Butler, Capt, James R., 255*; 257; 
471; 482; 491; 497; 502; 516. 
Butler, Gen. Richard, 234; 255*; 502 
Butler, Capt. Robert, 255*; 467; 
562; Col., 594; 632-G36; 620; 
707; 708. 
Butler, Thomas, 159*. 
Butler, Ensign Williain 0„ 319; 
327; 329. 

Cahokias, 671; 633. 

CaldAvell, Ensigr,, 319; Capt., 627. 

Caldwell, General Samuel, 546-548;' 

Captain Jonny, 247*. 
Campbell, Lt. James, 258; Col 

299; 305; 313; 437; 469. 
Campbell, Lt. Col. John B., 179*; 

211; 244; 247; to Harrison, 248- ' 

249; 253-262; 252; 268; 271; 

287-289; 292; 304; 307; 356; 

370 391 ; 446. 



Campbell, Robert, 2G3. 

Cardwell, Ensign George, 329. 

Carnahan, Thompson, 2G3. 

Carr, John, 15*; 284; 376*. 

Cass, Lewis, 2G8; Col., 380; Briga 
dier General, 414; 428; 451; 452 
454; 472; 485; 511; 531; 541 
546; 547; 548; 549; 558; 562 
to Harrison, 566-567; 577; 578 
590; 596; petition from Mich 
Terr., 586-588; 610; 616; 617 
621; 623; 624; 631; 656; 707. 

Chaine, Isodore, 54-55; 60; 61*. 

Chalfant, Nathan, 280. 

Chambers, Editor Zanesville Mes- 
senger, 139. 

Chambers, Major John, 512; 514; 
560*; 564; 760; 752; to Proctor, 

Chambers, Joseph, 263. 

Chambers, Lt., 620. 

Chandonnae, J. Bts., 578. 

Chappin, 175; Col., 597. 

Charley, 174 ; 578. 

Chauncey, Commodore Isaac, 595; 
605; 606. 

Chawkawbe, 578. 

Cheiner, Lt, 323. 

Cheiner, Alfred, 323. 

Cheiner, Nathan, 323. 

Chepe, 578. 

Cherokees, 27; 740. 

Chess, Isaac, 264. 

Chicago, 85; 86; fall of, 108; 111. 

Chickasaws, 740. 

Chiles, Brigadier General, 564, 

Chile, Major David, 546; 561. 

Chinn, EnsigTi Thomas, 819; 329. 

Chippewas, 50*-53; 56; 59; 555; 
574; 577; 579; 600; 036; 638; 
639; 640; 720. , , 

Chittenden, 374. '■ 

Choctaws, 740. 

Cholier, Capt. Coalman, see Collier. 

Choteau, August, 744. 

Chunn, Capt. John T., 49; 309*; 
320; 360; 381*; Maj., 742. 

Clark, Capt., 216. 

Clark County, 133. 

Clark, Dr., 127; 227. 

Clark, General George, 512. 

Clark, Isaac, 285. 

Clark, John, 285. 

Clark, John U., 285. 

Clark, Thomas, 47*. 

Clark, Capt. Thomas A., 205-296. 

Clark, Gen. William, 391; 602-603; 
610; Gov., 672; 731. 

Claus, to Brock, 61-62; to Loring, 

Clav, Heni-v, 87; 98; ISO*; 2;!G; 
467; 651. 

Clay, Green, 135* Brigadier Gen- 
eral, 392; 423; 430*; 432; 436; 
444; 445; 447; to Harrison, 440- 
442; 473*; 477; 478; 480; to 
Harrison, 474-475 ; 493-494 ; 496 ; 
to Harrison, 499-500; 501; 506; 
508; 703; 747. 

Clermont County, indorses Harri- 
son, 310-311. 

Clothing for Militia, 157-158. 

Colbert, John, 286. 

Colbert, Willis, 323. 

Coleman, Wiatt, 286. 

Collier, Capt. Coalman, 319; 329. 

Collier, Elijah, 286. 

Collins, James, 285; Capt., 323. 

Collins, Sergt. William E. L., 284. 

Combs, Benjamin, 286. 

Comstock, Lt, 320. 

Comstock, Ensign Lynden, 329. 

Conkey, Capt, 462. 

Connor, John, 43; 45; 48; 78; 186; 
189; 228; 528; 677; 164. 

Connor, William, 18G; 228; 257; 
262; Capt, 289; 578; 676-677. 

Conqee, 578. 

Conture, Jean Baptiste, 587. 

Cook, Isaac, 6; 8-9. 

Cooper, Isaiah, 285. 

Cooper, Robert, 263. 

Cosncr, John, 285. 

Cotgrave, Major W. W., 330; 332; 

Covington, Col. Leonard, 310. 

Cowen, James, 285. 

Cowen, John, 285. 

Cowley, Corporal Matthew, 286. 

Cox, John, 323. 

Coxe, Will, 65 ; 274. 

Craig, George, 286. 

Craig, Major Isaac, 446. ' 

Craig, Sir James, 208. 

Craig, John, 285. 

Craigs, 277. 

Crane, 526; 637. 

Crawford, Isaac, 286. 

Crawford, Lewis, 236. 

Creeks, 27 ; 60. 

Creighton, 703. 

Crittenden, Major J. F., 564. 

Crockett, Anthony, 59*; Capt., 
192* • 845. 

Crockett, Col. Joseph, 192*. 

Croghan, Capt. George, 437; 439 
Major, 494; 502; 511; 512; 521 
to Harrison, 503; 509; 514-516 
to editor Liberty Hall, 527-529 
530-531; 667. 

Crooks, General, 241; Major, 622. 

Crow, Thomas S., 323; 327. 

Culbertson, to Chambers, 139-140. 

CumniJngs, Capt Alcxando", 216* 



Cunningham, Daniel, 2G4. 

Curry, James, 15*; 24G; Lt., 2S4; 

Cushinjv, CapL. Daniel, 43G. 
Cutting, Lewis, 285. 

Daniel, John W., 323. 

Danolds, Sergt. John, 286. 

Darnell, Sergt., 323. 

Darnell, Daniel, 327.- 

Darrow, Maj. George, 367. 

Davenport, John, 323. 

Davidson, Andrew, 286. 

Daviess, Maj. John, 10; 250; Col, 

Daviess, Wm., 323. 
Davis, John, 286. 
Davis, Thomas, 286. 
Davy, Brig. Gen. Wm. R., 377='. 
Dawson, S. G., 158. 
Day, Isaac, 314; to Harrison, 307- 

Day, Joseph, 323. 
Dearborn, Gen. Henry, 103; 155; 

Maj. Gen., 431; 471. 
Dearborn, Fort, 81. 
Decker, Col. Luke, 81; 350. 
Defiance, Fort, 143. 
Delawares, 13; 34; 36; 39; 40; 45; 

50*; 52-53; 56; 83; 97*; 164; 

175; 18G; 229; 254; 275; 401; 

402; 419; 509; 535; 555; 027; 

631; 636; 636; 638, 639; 041; 

642; 671; 687; 719; 72J ; 734. 
Denny, Ebenezer, 137; 150; Maj., 

157; 164; 177; 180; 182; 213; 

Depredations, Indian, 35-37. 
Deputy, Co3-p. Joshua, 286. 
DeRottenbucsv, Mnior General, 543- 

544 ; 563 ; 582 ; 584. 
Desha, Maj. Gen. Joseph, 547; 561; 

562; 563; 564. 
Detachment Orders, 17; 18. 
Detroit, Fall of, 108; 111; march 

toward, 156. 
Devason, Benjamin, 20. 
Dickey, William, 286. 
Dickson, Robert, 207*; 209; state- 
ment, 235-236; to General Pre- 

vost, 251-252; see Dixon, 
Dill, James, 28; 29; 102; 048; 685; 
Dishman, Cornet, 258; Comd., 289. 
Dixon, George, 600. 
Dixon, Robert, Biitish Indian 

Agent, 394; 485; 450; 512. 
Dodd, Jos., 264. 
Doom, George, 280. 
Dougherty, Hannibal, 286. 
Downey, Henry, 327. 
Downey, William, 20. 

; 641. 




., 281 

Driftwood, Settlement, 3G. 
Di-ummond, Lt. General, G27 
Dubois, Toui?sant, 1; 18; 31: 

192; 510; G69; G73 ; G7G: 

G80; GSl; G83; G8G. 
Ducharme, Paul, 236. 
Duchouquit, 578. 
Dudley, Capt. Peter, 436. 
Dudley, Capt. William, 41 

437; Col., 441; 443; 470; 

565; 592; 650. 
Duncan, Lt. Jo.seph, 512. 
Dunlap, Col. James, 144; 26S. 
Dunlap, John, 285. 
Duidap, Moses, 285. 
Dunlap, Stephen, 285. 
Dunn, John, 286. 
Dunn, Nathaniel, 286. 
Dunn, Williamson, 15*; Capt 

282; 286; 376*; 572. 
Duval, Capt., 233; Maj., 276 
Dyer, 281. 

Eastin, Charles, 20; 28G. 

Easlin, Phil, 20. 

Eastin, Thomas. 264. 

Eastman, Dr., 'G; 620. 

Edwards, Gov. Ninian, 27; 41-42; 

58; 59; 71; 79; 84; 95; 179; 233; 

394; 403; 414; 466; to Shelbv, 

395-396; 491; 571; 696; 731. 
Edwards, Sergt. Major G., 2G0; 

263; 289. 
Eel River Miamies, 18; 50*; 53; 

56; 229; 577; 579. 
Elhuton, William, 322. 
Elliot, Capt. Jesse D., 580; 59G; 

616; 621. 
Elliott, Corp. E., 264. 
Elliott, Capt. V/ilson, 253; 257: 

258; 362; 371; 374; 437; 439; 

444; 461; 550. 
Elliott, Matthew, 54; 61; 93; 220; 

Col., 247*; 512; 518; 514; 537; 

592; to Glegg, 626-628; to Stew- 
art, 631-632; 641; 716. 
Elmore, Capt., 2G3. 
Ervin, Ensign, 288. 
Estes, Abiaham, 322. 
Estes, Clement, 322. 
Eubank, James T., 246; 437; 747. 
Evans, Robert M., 49='; Col., 107; 

285; 410; 498; 6-18; 285. 
Eyke, Ten, 374. 

Farley, William, 28G. 

Feriis, Ezra, 710; 711. 

Ficklin, 323. 

Fielas, Luke, 323. 

Field Officers, to Harrison, 530-531. 


Fields, Green B., 15*; Ensign, 28(>; 

Findley Blockhouse, 388; '101. 
Findlay, .James, 268; 472; General, 

Finley, Col. James, 150*; 171; 172. 
Fishel, 288. 

Fisk, Abraham T., 19. 
Five Medals, 33 ; 692. 
Fleet, Ensign William, 319; 323; 

Flenn, Martin, 280. 
Fletcher, Major, 436. 
Flint, John, 285. 
Floyd, Davis, 43; Maj., 50*; 57; 

59; 350; to Gibson, 396-397; to 

Posev, 721 ; 722. 
Floyd, Maj. George R., 123. 
Folsovoins, 639. 
Forsyth, Cap t., 312. 
Ft. Stephenson, 502. 
Ft. Wayne, besieged, 117; 130; 

143; 145; 149; 482. 
Ft. Winchester, 482; 485. 
Foster, JosJah D., 6; 284. 
Fowler, Jacob, 246. 
Foxes, 626. 
Frame, William, 323. 
Franklin, County of, 48. 
Franks, Jacob, 236. 
Frederick, Maj. Jacob, 367. 
Fuller, Charles, 6. 
Fullerton, Adjt., 260; 289. 
Funk, Frederick, 281. 

fe Gainer, William, 285. 
S^ Gains, Lt. Col. Edmund P., 427; 
494; 524; 538; 564; 578; 590; 
Galloway, Maj. James, 217; 367. 
Gamelin, 742. 

Gano, John S., 576; Gen. 596; to 
Harrison, 620-621; 622-624; 625- 
626; 628-629; 707. 
Gardner, Capt. Benjamin, 246; 620. 
Garrard, Lt. Ashton, 329. 
Garrard, Maj. James, 320; 321; 

Garrard, Capt. William, 108; 124; 
140; 141; 144; 149; 256; 259; 
263; 272; 289; 304. 
Geigcr, Frederick, 68. 
General Orders, 94; 124; 141; 142; 
288-291; 435-438; 457; 465; 520; 
:^.- Gerles, Charles, 327. 
I Gibson county, 65*. 

Gibson, John, to HnrgTove, 71; 75- 

76; 80-81; 91; 95; 133-134; 138; 

,v 139; to President, 75; 363-304; 

' ■■ Alien Residents, 101-102; to Sec- 

61— 220C4 

retarv War, 308-309; 349-350; 
362-363; 381-382; 40G-40S; to In- 
diana Assemblv, 346-349; 354; 
607-609; to Secretary of State, 
570-572; 729-730. 

Gibson, General John, 154; 179; 
223; 285; 664. 

Gibbons, Corp. Jonathan, 284. 

Giflin, James, 263. 

Giles, Henrv, 287. 

Gill, Capt. William, 632; 633. 

Gilmore, William, 287. 

Girty's town, 149; 388. 

Gist, 234. 

Givins, Major, 642. 

Glaves, Capt. Michael, 319; 323: 
334; 340; to Harrison, 341. 

Giegg, Capt. J. B., to Bavnes, 207- 
210; to Harrison, 626-628. 

Godfrey, Mouse, 23; 374. 

Godfroy, Gabriel, 587; 588. 

Gooding, Lt., 4 ; 6 ; 8. 

Goodwin, Judge V/illiam, 660. 

Graham, Major Richard, 437; 439; 

Grand Poc, 719. 

Gratiot, Charles, 137*; Capt., 178; 
237; 244; 250; 306; 403; 435; 
436; 439; 745. 

Graves, Major Benjamin, 319; 320; 
321; 373. 

Graves, Thomas, 323. 

Gray, Ensign James, 463; 475. 

Gray, Samuel T., 287. 

Grear, Cornet, 260 ; 264 ; 289. 

Gregg, David, 15* ; 376*. 

Gregg, Harvey, 694. 

Gruly, Aaron, 202; 465; to Harri- 
son, 526-527 ; 538 ; 705. 

Greenup, Christopher, 98*. 

Greenville, peace of, 85. 

Griffith, William N. 285. 

Griffith, Sergt. John, 286. 

GrigTion, Louis, 236. 

Grignon, Pierre, 236. 

Guiger, Capt., 3* ; 4; 8; 31*. 

Gunn, George, 287. 

Guthrie, John, 280; 287. 

Guy, Adj., 288. 

Gwynne, Lt. David, 258; 289; 424; 
437; 444; 471; 499. 

Hadden, Jolm, 15*; 376*. 

Hailes, Lt., 434. 

Haines, Major, 538. 

Hamblen, William, 287. 

Hamilton, Capt. John, 319; 323; 
329; 440. 

Hamilton county, indorses Harri- 
son, 310-311. 



Hampton, General Wade, 310; 

, 377*; 426; 434; 70G. 

Hangonahkqua Scpoo, 274, 

Hanna, Joseph, SO. 

•Harber, Major John, Co*. 

Harden, Serg-t. Major, 498. 

Hardin, Major, 247. 

Hargrove, instructions to, 71-73; 
Capt., 95*; 572. 

Harmar, 188. 

Harmon, 237. 

Harrison, Ensign Battail, 289; 437. 

Harrison, Benjamin, 749; 754. 

Harrison county, 73. 

Harrison, George, 309. 

Harrison, Robert, 322. 

Harrison, Scott, 754. 

Harrison, William Henry, reports 
by officers, 5-13 ; remonstrances, 
29*; general orders, 35-38; com- 
missioned major general, 91 ; 
calls mounted volunteers, 147; 
rescue of Foi-t Wayne, 166; gen- 
eral orders, 223 ; appointments in 
army, 226; api!ointment as major 
general, 377*; plan of northwest 
campaign, 390* ; exchange of 
prisoners, 433-434; general or- 
ders, 435-438; 449; 457; 465; 
520; 546-550; M'Keehan narra- 
tive, 461-463; provision report, 
479; relieves Croghan, 503; de- 
fended by CrogJian, 527-529; de- 
fended by field officers, 530-531; 
contractor's estimate, 535-537; 
report of lake battle, 539; be- 
haviour of men in battle, 541; 
congratulated on lake victory, 
545; proclamation, 554; victory 
over Proctor, 557; defended by 
Chambers, 564; defended by 
Todd, 566; armistice with In- 
dians, 577-579; proclamation, 
579; 581; loss of messenger, 
588-589; treatment of prisoners, 
590-594; 599; British deserter, 
597-598; toast to militia, 610; ill 
health of Gen. Howard, 628; In- 
dian question, 636-641; resigna- 
tion from army, 647-648; 651- 
652 ; Indian treaty, 675 ; 725 ; re- 
port of investigating committee, 
744; saved life of Kidding, 746; 
soldiers' pensions, 746-747; death 
of Tecumseh, 749-754; unable to 
attend celebration of battle of 
Tippecanoe, 755-756; 588; 487; 
490; 493-494; 499-500; 502-503; 

Harrow, Ensign Joseph, 319; 329. 

Harryman, 42, 

Hart, Capt. Gray S., 372. 

Hart, Capt. Nathaniel, G. T., 180*. 

Hart, Capt. Thomas, 180*. 

Hart, Phillip, 285. 

Haslett, Samuel, 285. 

Hai'vey, Absalom, 29. 

Hawkins, A., 6 ; 287. 

Hawkins, Joseph II., 343-344. 

Hawkins, Lewis, 286. 

Hawkins, Ensigii Martin L., 437. 

Hav/kins, Strother I., 260; 263; 

Sergt, 289; Lt., 234. 
Hawkins, Ensign Thomas, 309. 
Hay, James, 285. 
Hay, John D., 285. 
Hays, David, 283. 
Heald, Capt. Nathaniel, 99; 103*; 

105; 187. 
Heard, Ensig-n, 636. 
Hedges, Lt. James, 259; 263; 289. 
Henderson, Sergt. John, 436; 454. 
Hendricks, Capt., 43. 
Henry, Major General William, 

547; 561; 635. 
Henseley, Samuel, 20. 
Herndon, Capt., 46. 
Herod, Cornet, 259 ; 289. 
Herrod, Hanes, 285. 
Herrod, Sergt. John, 284. 
Herrod, Corp. Samuel, 284. 
Herron, Ensign James, 319; 329. 
Hickman, Lt. David, 263; 289. 
Hickman, Harris H., 259. 
Hickman, Capt. Pascal, 316; 320; 

323; 327. 
Hickman, R., 343-344. 
Higgins, Lt. John, 319; 329. 
Hightower, Capt. Richard, 319; 

322; 329. 
Hiler. William, 285. 
Hill, Capt., 620. 
Hill, Col. Rees, 527. 
Hillis, Lt. David, 15*; 286; 376*. 
IlJllis, Sergt. Ebenezer, 2SG. 
Hindostan, 44. 

Ilinkton, Capt., 205; 217; 220. 
llinton, 30; 274; 276. 
Hite, Capt. Lewis, 252; 260; 288; 

289" 292. 
Hobson, Lt.; 258 ; 289. 
Hoggerhs, William, 63*. 
Holcroft, John, 263. 
Holder, Lt. Caleb, 319; V/'O. 
Iloleman, Aaron, 285. 
Holeman, Isaac, 663. 
Halland, Corp. Andrcv.' B., 284. 
Holman, Josejdi, 710; 711. 
Holmes, Capt., 620. 
Holmes, Maj. Andrew Hunter, 485; 

523 ; 524 ; to Butler, 632-636. 
Holt, Col., 261. 


Holton, John A., 323. 

Hopkins, S. G., Jr., to Harrii^on, 

Hopkins, General Samuel, 98; 

120*; 122; 123; 153: 154; 159; 

to Harrison, 1G2-163; to Gov. 

Shelby, 231-234; 1S6; 189; 192; 

193; 201; 204; 211; 224; 245; 

256; 262; 268; 308; 395; 664. 
Hopkins, Capt. Samuel G., 216; 

259; 263; 272; 289; 304; 506- 

507; 611; 614. 
Hospital Stores List, 486. 
House Representatives, to Gibson, 

Howard, Capt., 622. 
Howard, Governor Beniamin, 27; 

92; 179; Brig. G^n., 610; 614; 

628; 665. 
Hudson, Dudley, 322. 
Huff, Fort, 276. 
Huffman, Benjamin, 279; 280; 643- 

644; 655. 
Huffman, Isaac D., 285. 
Huffman, W., 408; 307. 
Hughes, Major, 234. 
Hukill, Lt. Levi, 241; 246; 310; 

423; 4::.3; 427; 434; 437: 439; 

447; 496; 497; 524; 531; 613. 
Hull, David, 264. 
Hull, Gen. William. 67*; 68; 77; 

80; 90; 91*; 92; 97; 105; 106; 

111; 113; 119; 141; 150; 209; 

243; 565; 587. 
Humble, Jesse, 322. -- 

Hunt, George, 102 ; 649. 
Hunt, Henry L., 374. 
Hunt, Jesse, to Harrison, 28-30*; 

118; 119; 151: 394; 423; 464. 
Hunter, Cyrus, 264. 
Hunter, Capt. James, 3*; 512; 515. 
Hunter, W. S., 181. 
Huntingdon, Col. Samuel, 423. 
Hurons, 642. 
Hurst, A., 37. 
Hurst, H., 11. 
Hurst, John, 101*. 
Hutcherson, 278. 
Hutchins, Esraim, 286. 
Hutson, 31 ; 33. 

Indian speeches, 50-53. 
Ingles, George, 198; 199; 200. 
Investigation, Harrison connection 

to commissary of Northwest 

Army, 744. 
Invoice of Stores, 194-200. . ;: 
Iroquois, 402. 
Ii-win, Williamson, 287. 
Izard, General George, 680. 

Jackson, Hezokiah, 635. 

James, Capt. Henry, 320; 329. 

Jem, 15. 

Jenkins, 285. 

Jenkinson, I\Iajor Joseph, 161. 

Jennings Blockhouse, 161; 184. 

Jennings, Col., 95. 

Jennings, Jonathan, to 28; 

29; to Harrison, 152-153; 228; 

280; to constituents, 376-377; 

571; 643; 685. 
Jennings, William, 131; 143; 149; 

161; 181; 448. 
Jessup, ]\Iajor Thomas Sidney, 415; 

434; 458; 477; 484; 596; Cok, 

Johnson, Lt. Benjamin, 512. 
Johnson, Charles, British deserter, 

Johnson, D. IT., 128. 
Johnson, Capt. Hezekiah, 289; 453. 
Johnson, Homer, 15*; to Harrison, 

193; 200; 221; 222; 376*; 498. 
Johnson, James, Jr., 287. 
Johnson, John, 12; 14; 44*; 56; 

secretaiy war, 509; to Huffman, 

167*; 175; to Harrison, 186-187; 

189; 262; 277; 419; 437; 439; to 

643-644; 655. 
Johnson, Capt. John, 250. 
Johnson, Major John T., 437; 439; 

Lt. Col., 564. 
Johnson, Sir John, 618; 631. 
Johnson, Jonathan, 285. 
Johnson, Richard M., 144*; Maj., 

149; 158; 190; 201; 298; Col., 

411; 416; 420; 435; 451; 458; 

459: 466; to Hairison, 460-461; 

468-470; 475; 477; 480; to Har- 
rison, 482-483; 485; 487-490: 

491; 495; 555; 557; 559; 561; 

563; 568; 651; 752; 753; 751. 
Johnson, Steven, 175*. 
Johnson, William, 287; 350. 
Jones, Peter, 1. 
Jones, Robert, 286. 
Jones, Richard, 374. 
Jones. Thomas, 16 ; 24 ; 287. 
Jordan, W. K., to his v.^ife, 165- 

167*; Capt, 239. 

Kaskaskias, 636; 671. 

Keen, Pollard, 329. 

Kelso, General. 173. 

Keith, George, 322. 

Kelly, Abraham, 286. 

Kelly, Davis, 285. 

Kelly, Jacob, 20. 

Kelly, James S., 286. 

Kelly, Capt. Joseph, 319; 323; 320. 

Kelly, Robert, 323. 



Kellv, Thomas F., 28G. 

Kelly, William, 280. 

Kentucky Vountcers, 80; 88. 

Ketcham, Scvgt. John, ranger sciX' 
ice, 274-284^ 

Ketcham, Lewis, 286. 

Kickapoos, 4; 21; 22; 25; 27; 33 
41; 50*; 53; 55; 50; 61; 66; 77 
83; 96; 163; 187; 192; 232; 275 
638; 639; 640; 641; 666; 607 
668; 676; 679; 086; 688; 695 
691; 092; 696; 697; 716; 717 
718; 720; 721; 722; 724; 726 
727; 728; 731; 734; 737; 740. 

Kilbourn, James, 609. 

Kimberlin, 279. 

Kimble, Jesse, 72. 

King, Gen. John Edward, 546 ; 561 ; 

Kinsey, 481. 

Kircheval, Lt. Samuel, 437. 

Kit Twa Wiotum, 57S. 

Knox, Ft., 26. 

Knox countv, 36; 101. 

Knox, Lt. John, 033. 

Kow Be r.Iiscobeo, 578. 

Koun.s, John C, Lt., 635. 

Labbadi, Medare, to Harrison, 360- 

362; 374. 
Labossierre, 676-677; 686; 692; 

LaCroix, Hubert, 587. 
LaFrambois, 676; to Parke, 690- 

691; 719; 723; 725. 
Lamani3och, 578. 
Lamb, Dr., 276. 
Langham, Capt. Angus Lewis, 368; 

383; 437; 439; 448; 577. 
Lansing, Francis, 264. 
LaPlante, John Baptiste, 12-13. 
LaPlante, Pierre, 498 ; 694. 
Lapousier, 24; 25; 32; 38; 56; 83; 

578; 680; 686. 
Larrabee, C., 10-11. 
Lascelles, 93. 

Lascelles, Mademoiselle, 374. 
Lascelles, Stanislas, 756. 
Lasselle, Hyacinth, 15*; 372; Lt, 

376*; 498; 067-068; G85; 687; 

692; 693. 
Latham, Pobert, 131; 132. 
Law, Thomas, 474. 
Law, Corp. Willis, 286. 
Lawrence, Thomas, 40-41. 
LeBreton, Lt., 518; 591; 599. 
Lee, Cornet, 260; 264; 289. 
Lee, John, 287. 
Lee, Lt. Stephen, 437; Capt., 633; 


Lcftwich, General, 333: 356; 383; 

417; 423; 445. 
Legislature of Indiana, Memorial 

to Congress, 730-731. 
Lcmar, Joseph (Penard), 125. 
Lemon, James, 101*. 
Lemon t, 461. 

Leonard, Capt. John, 603. 
Lethbridge, Col., 462. 
Levitt, Sergt. William, 258; 289. 
Le\\ds, 037. 
Lews, Jacob, 287. 
Lewis, James, 287. 
Lewis, Brig. Gen. INIorgan, 377*; 

Lewis, Richard, 282; 285. 
Lewis, Severe, 283; 287. 
Lewis, Col. William, 124; 144; 314; 
315; 310; 817; 318; 325; to Win- 
chester, 319-324; 328; 329; 335; 
337; 339; 340; 587. 
Lindsey, Joshua, 280. 
Lindsey, William, 285. 
Lennard, V\'illiam, 198; 199; 200. 
Little, Lt. Alexander, 03*. 
Little Beaver, 748. 
Little Ducks, 722; 720; 742. 
Little Eves, 24; 32; 35; 38; 665; 
666; 668; 676; 687; 726; 727; 
732 ; 742. 
Little Otter, 742. 
Little, Samuel, 15*; 32. 
Little Thunder, 262. 
Little Turtle, to Harrison, 18-19; 

21; 262; 637. 
Lock, John, 322. 
Logan, Major Eobert, 192; 246; 

Logan, Vv'illiam, 63*; 186. 
Logue, William, 263. 
Long, Samuel, 287. 
Loring, Capt. Robert R., 041-042. 
Lousong, Francis, 260. 
Lownsley, Major, 051. 
Luce, Capt., 2^0; 289. 
Lyanor, Sergt., 323. 

Mack, Ma j., 374. ' • 

Madison, Mai. George, 158; 319; 

320; 321; 322; 328. 
Madiss, Charles, 246. 
IMagee, Lt. Matthew F., 288. 
Magonago, 578. 
j\Tain Poc, 550; 580; 067. 
Maiden, Ft., 16; 279-304. 
Manarv, Capt. James, 168; 171; 

186; 191*. 
Marchus, Robert, 20. 
Marcle, Capt. Abraham, 249; 257*; 

258; 200; 263; 272; 289; .292; 



Mark, Andrew, 714. 

Markel, See Marcle. 

Marpack, 21. 

Marpock, 611. 

Mars, 233. 

Martin, Maj. Thomas, 82; 92. 

Maslikeman, 578. 

Mason, General, 614; 617; 64.5. 

Massie, Gen. Nathaniel, 190*. 

Mathers, Mrs. L. C, 167*. 

Matson, Capt., 319; S22. 

Maxwell, David, 283; 287. 

Maxwell, John, 287. 

May, John, 263; 285; judge, 374. 

Mavo, Daniel, 246. 

McAffee, Capt., 12; 753. 

McAllister, Walter, 264. 

McArtliur, Gen. Duncan, 190'' 
268; 380; 414; 421; 430; 445 
446; 451; 454; 472; 511; 512 
517; 541; 546; 549; 558; 573 
574; 579; 589; 596; 598; 600 
624; 649; 651. 

McArthur Blockhouse, 176; 184; 
388; 401. 

McCall, James B., 661. 

McCall, Adj. John, 321; 329. 

McCarmon, John, 263. 

]\IcCartney, 287. 

McClanahan, Maj., 333; 334; 338; 

to Harrison, 338-341. 
McClanahan, Cornet, 259; 289. 
McClary, Ensign, 319. 
McCleland, Joseph G., 257; 259; 

McCloskey, Asst. Q. M., 239. 
McCIoskev, Col. James, 468; 471. 
McClure, Gen. George, 596; 597; 
598; 000; 013; to Harrison, 604; 
McClu>py, James, 246. 
McCollough, James, 275; 287. 
McConnell, Col., 140. 
McConnell, Edvrard, 322. ■ .-.: 
McConnell, Ja., 263. 
McConnell, Thomas, 287. 
McCracken, Capt. W., 319; 322. 
McCracken, Capt. Virgin, 372. 
McCullough, Silas, 257; 288; 289. 
McClure, Capt., 501. 
McDermot, filichael, 264. 
McDougliall, George, 587; 5S8. 
McDowall, Col. Robert, to Indians, 

McDowell, Col. -Joseph, 564; Maj. 

257; 289; 292*. 
McFarland, 418. 
McFarhmd, Daniel, 622. 
McFarland, William, 648. •-. - 
McGan", Hugh, 648. 
McGary, Maj. William R., 130-131. 

McGee, Lt., 437. 

McGhee, Lt. James, appointed 
Capt., 516. 

McGowan, John, 24; 44*; 691. 

McGuire, Lt. William, 319; 329. 

Mclntire, Lt., 43 i. 

Mcintosh, 16; 24. 

McJunkin, John, 107. 

McJunkin, Ferriage, 222-223. 

McCay, George, 287. 

McKav, James, 287. 

McKav, Robert Fourth, 287. 

I\IcKay, Robert Third, 287. 

McKay, William, 287. 

McKee, Maj. Alexander, 93; 189'=; 

McKee, John, 189*. 

McKce, Samuel, 158; ISO*. 

McKeehan, Dr. Samuel, 359; 372; 
375; narrative, 461-463. 

McLean, John, 712. 

McNair, Capt, 239. 

McNamee, W., 661. 

McNaught, John, 285. 

McNight, John, 285. 

McQuire, Lt. I\Iajor James, 502. 

Meeks, Atha, 42*. 

Meeks, John, 512. 

Meeks, Maior John, 620. 

I\Ichl, to MeW, 22-23. 

Meigs Cam.p, 488; 489; 494; 945. 

Meigs, Fort, 440-445; 447; 459; 

Meigs, Gov. R. J., 97*; 99; 106; 
, 108; 119; 139; 140; 147; 152; to 
Harrison, 164; 173; 179; 182- 
183; 188; 213; 214: 215; 250; 
334; 341; 402; 419; 430*; 431; 
434; 449; 450; 451; general or- 
ders, 447-448; 456; 475; 523; 
533; 575-576. 

Meld rum, Sergt. 436. 

Menard, Col. Pierre, 731. 

Meredith, William P., 15*; Lt., 
284; 376*. 

Merrit, Capt, 599. , -C ' 

Meshewa, 578. ' C'^:^ 

Metcalf, Capt, 436. vi "'' ' 

l\Ietz, Peter, 287. 

Miamis, 5; 15; 16; 18; 25; 31; 34 
39; 40; 50*-o3; 56; 97*; 109 
117; 125; 128; 138; 143; 104 
174; ISG; 189; 19li; 201; 229 
2.30; 254; 270; 391; 555; 573 
574; 577; 579; 636; 637; 640 
667; 672; 676; 677; GS6; 687 
688; 091; 717; 718; 719; 721; 
725; 734. 
Michiganians, 638; 671. 
Michilam.'cinack, 81. 
Military Board, 114. 


Militia, condition, 113-114. 

Miller Col. Charles, 367. 

Miller, James, Lt. Col., 17; 18: 42; 

88; 090. 
Miller, Col. John, 122; 131; 132; 
133; 193; 217; 224; 233; 390; 
409; 432-433; 436; 437; 439; 
443; 445; 446; 578. 
Milton, John, 286. 
Minary's Blockhouse, 170. 
MingoGs, 97*; 509. 
Minto, 75. 

Missineway, expedition, 209-274. 
Missineway Indians, 571. 
Mitchel, Dr. 236. 
Mitchel, Ensign Charles, 437. 
Mitchel, Robert, 258; 289. 
Moheccon John's Creek, 156*. 
Monroe, James, 287; 359; 368; 403. 
Monroe, William, 264. 
Montgomery, Thomas, 158; Sej-gt., 

Montgomery, William, 258. 
Mooney, James, 286. 
Moore, Dr. 289. 
Moore, Capt. Hugh, 404; 024. 
Moore, Joshua, 322. 
Moore, Thomas, 258; 200. 
Moore, Lt. William, 319; 329. 
Mooring, Ensign Joseph, 329, 
Moravian town, 560; 561. 
Morgan, Ensign John E., 250. 
Morgan, Moses, 323. 
Morgan, William, 47*. 
Morgcin, Willoughby, 697; 723. 
Morris, Capt., 339. 
Morris, B., 323. 
Morris, Samuel R., 107. 
Morrison, Ensign, 319. 
Morrison, Ephraim, 47*. 
Morrison, James, 139*; Col., 177- 
178; 210; 215-216; 227; 237; 
239; 241; 245; 294; 299; 317; 
355; 383; 425; 477; 703; 707; 
Morrison, J, W., 47*. 
Morrison, Major Robert, 485; Col., 

531; 692. 
Morrow, Jeremiah, 651; 97*; 108. 
Mounted Volunteers, 147. 
Mudhole, 72. 
Muir, Major, 371; 375. 
Mundy, Ensig'n James, 329. 
Munsees, 401; 027. 
Munson, Maj. Jeremiah R., 485. 
Murray, 233. 

Muster Roll, Rangers, 284-287. 
Myeis, John F., to Proctor, 429; 

Naggs, Capt. James, 257; 289; 373. 

Nash, Ensign John W., 319; 329. 
Nash, Ensign William, 319; 329. 
Navarre, Col. Francis, 339; 480- 

481; 532. 
Nearing, Capt. Asahael, 437; 439. 
Nebuc, Thomson, 748. 
Neely, 30. 
Negomin, 074. 
Negro Legs, 32; 37; 128; 070; 080; 

Nelson, 712. 

Netherford, Martin, 372; 375. 
Newland, John H., 287. 
Newport, 80, 
Nicoming, 748. 
Noble, Benjamin, 285. 
Noble, James, to Harrison, 45-46*; 

47; 48; 102; 048. 
Nolan, John, 322. 

NortliAvestern Army, 130-137; 149. 
Norton, Capt., 018. 
Nugent, Levi, 286. 

Oconongoway, 578. 

drain, 374. 

O'Fallon, Lt. John, 437; 439; 524; 

564; 644; Col,, 750; 751; 752, 
Ogdon, Brig. Gen. Aaron, 377*. 
O Gu Bonawke, 578. 
Ohio Militia Officers, to Harrison, 

Oliver, William, 429; 430; 495; 

629; Capt., 707; 708. 
Onocksa, 578, 
Orory Miah, 579. 
Orr, A. D., 246. 

Orr, B. G., 202; orders from Har- 
rison, 454; 450; 403; 465; 473; 

478; Col., 527; to Harrison, 535- 

537; 538; 644; 045.- 700; 702,^ 

705; 707; 708. 
Osage, 578; 040. 
Ostrander, Lt. Phillip, 100. 
Otapon, 578. 
Otish Quoi Gonaim, 578. 
Ottawa Town, see Tawa. 
Ottawas, 50*; 53; 50; 97*; 481; 

555; 573; 577; 579; 592; 000; 

636; 039; 720; 722. 
Otter, 578; 680. 
Overton, James, 328. 
Oveiton, Moses, 287. 
Owen, Braclcctt, 287. 
Owen, Georg-e W., 285, 
Owen, Harvey, 285. 
Owens, Ensign Jack, 282 284. 
Owens, John, 15*; 370.* 
Owens, Col. Thomas D., 473*; 495; 

501; 507; 531, 
0\:1, 174; 691-092. 


Packett, Lt., G21. 

Paddocks, Joseph, 648. 

Pain, John C, 240. 

Papaliongua, sec L.-ipousier. 

Parish, Constance, 68G. 

Park, Judge Benjamin, 30; to 

Posey, GG7-6G9; G70-G73; G7G- 

677; G79; G80-G82; G8G-G88; 690; 

691-G94; 69G-G97; 71G-717; 718- 

721; 722-724; 726-727; to Brouil- 

lette, 669; 674; 675; 678; 684; 

689; 694; 698; 725; 731; 732; 
' 742. 
Pash Kiesh Quash Rom, 578. 
Patrick, Corp. William, 284. 
Patterson, Capt., 289. 
Patton, David, 287. 
Paull, Col. George, 501; 531; 562; 

Paul, John, 102. 
Payette, 682. 
Payne, Lt., 289. 
Payne, Major Duval, 487; 488; 

Payne, Capt., 625. 
Payne, Gen. John, 74; 98; 108; 109; 

113; 138; 140; 141; 142; 144; 

152; 260; to Shelby, 318; 330; 

332; 337. 
Payton, Capt., 282. 
Payton, Lt. Craven, 571. 
Pearce, Capt. Bennoni, 253; 256; 

Pease, Calvin, 435. 
Pearcy, Henry, 285. 
Pearcy, Robert, 285. 
Peck, Adam, 285. 
Pecon, 229; 692; 716; 725. 
Pendall, Thomas H., 246. 
Pendcrgrast, Dr. Garret E., 456. 
Pennington, Dennis, 711. 
Peoples, James, 323. 
Peorians, 638; 671. 
Percy, Capt. William, 191; 694. 
Perkins, Gen. Simon, 189; 211 

188*; 202; 203; 213; 214; 227 

240; 311; 319; 330; 332; 336 

Perry, Andrew, 285. 
Perry, Capt. Oliver H., 31*; 477; 

484; 485; 490; 491; commodore, 

501; 506; 523; 525; 538; 544; 

559; 562; to Harrison, 539; 540; 

to secretai-y of navy, 510; 545- 

546; to Harrison, 5G9-570; 589; 

615; 750; 751; 752. 
Peter, 15-16. 
Peter, Vanvacter, 275. 
Peters, John, 287; 436. 
Petition, from Madison, 19-20; of 

Michigan territory, 5SG-58S. 

Phillip, Joseph, 188. 

Piankeshaw, Dick, 24*. 

Piankeshaws, 21; 22; 50*; 53; 56; 
75; 63G; 637; G71; 696; 728; 
731; 733; 737. 

Piatt, John H., 118*; 140; 151; 
156; 157; IGl; 176*; to Har- 
rison, 181; 183; 213; 317; 355; 
383; 425; 455; 456; 473; 479; 
to Harrison, 480; 704; 708. 

Piatt, Salem, 259; 2G4. 

Piatt, Capt. William, 118*; 176*. 

Pidgeon Roost, 121; 276; massacre, 
116; 133; 138-139. 

Pierce, Capt. Bennoni, 249; 264. 

Pierceall, Jeremiah, 285. 

Piqua, Council of, 97*. 

Piqua, 152. 

Pitts, Capt. Butler, 264. 

Pleasants, 712. 

Poague, Col. Robert, see Pogue. 

Pocanna, 578. 

Pogue, Robert, 343; 149; 161; 181; 
238; 239; 448-449. 

Polke, William, to Posey, 661-663. 

Pollord, Rev., 375. 

Pomagwamo, 578. 

Ponce Passu Creek, 232: 233. 

Pontiack, 578. 

Popping Dick, 691. 

Porter, John P. B., 213; general, 

Porter, M., 206. 

Porter, Thomas, 263. 

Posey, Gov. Thomas, to secretary 
war, 377*-37S; 385; 497; 509- 
510; 572; special message, 612; 
to secretary war, 630; convenes 
assembly, C42; 657; to secretary 
war, 648-649; 655; GGi; GG3-G65; 
669; 674-676; 678; 679; 684-685; 
G88-G89; 694-696; 698; 715; 718; 
722; 724-726 727-728; 731; 732- 
734; 738-743; to general assem- 
bly, 657-658; 659; 698-700; to 
William Pulke, 660-661; to 
Parke, 682-683; reply to legisla- 
ture, 711-712; speech to Indians, 
739-742; 659; 661; G63; GG6-669; 
670; 673; 674; 685; 686; 710. 

Potawatomies, 12; 14-16; 21; 22; 
31; 33; 44; 45; 48; 49; 50*; 51- 
53; 56; 58; 60; 6G; 84; 96; 109 
143; 146; 174; 18G; 187; 211 
231; 280; 316; 360; 373; 391 
510; 555; 55G; 573; 574; 577 
579; GOO; 636; 638; 639; 640 
641; 665; 667; 672; 677; 686 
688; 690; 691; 692; 717; 721 
722; 723; 734; 740. 

Potter, John C, 636. 



Prairie du Chien, 450. 

Prather, Basil, G12. 

Provost, Sir George, 103; 472; 
544; Gen., 613; to Dickson, G17- 
C20; G52; 654; 752. 

Price, Capt. Samuel, 433; 440. 

Price, Williamson, 322. 

Prince, Capt. William, 197; 228; 
262; Major, 354; 3G3. 

Prisoneis, agreement for exchange, 

Proclamation, 554; 579; 581; con- 
vening general assembly, 249; 
642; call for volunteers, 106; 
116; volunteers wanted, 106-107; 
war with England, 116-117; to 
militia of Ky., 342-343; encour- 
agement to volunteers, 343-344. 

Proctor, Col., 421; Brig. Gen., 430; 
438; 443; 458; 462. 

Proctor, Gen. Henry, 470; 471; 
474; 481; 496; 512; 514; 516; 
522; 523; to Harrison, 518; 541; 
550; 551; 555; 557; 559; to Har- 
rison, 557-558; 5G0; 563; 565; 
566; 568; 575-576; 580; 5S2; 
585; 586; 587; 588; 591; 593; 
597; 613; 713; 753. 

Prophet, 5^^; 12-13; 32; 33; 39; 
43; 45; 109; 146; 175; 187; 208; 

. 232; 234; 360; 422; 598; 720; 

Provisions issued to Indians, at 
Vincennes, 735; at Fort Har- 
rison, 736. 

Purcell, Jonathan, 44*. 

Purcell, John, 287. 

Purcell, William, 44*. 

Puthuff, Capt. V/illiam Henry, 501. 

Quarles, Capt., 91; 131. 
Queen Charlotte, 267. 
Quitmot, Antone, 643. 

Ramsay, John, 287. 

Randolph, Thomas, 1; Col., 595. 

Rawlins, Joseph, 286. 

Ray en. Col. William, 367. 

Reed, 279. 

Recruiting in Kentucky, 411-412. 

Red Banks, 57; 90. 

Reddiok, William, 274; 281. 

Redding, James, 74G. 

Reed, Duncan, Deputy Q. M., 527. 

Reed, Capt. James, 603. . 

Reed, John, 285. ^ ■: .-^ 

Rees, Lt. Jonathan, 437. 

ReifTenstein, Lt., 585. - 

Renard, 718. 

Renis, William, 287. 

Reports, by officers., 5. 
Resolutions on war v»'ith England, 

75; const, convention, 728-729; 

House Representatives, 710-711. 
Return, battle MissJneway, 262- 

Reynolds, Maj. (British), 321. 
Rhea, James, Capt., 103*; 151; 

166; 167*. 
Richeson, Lt., 234. 
Richardson, Robert D., 246; 473; 

Richardson, Moses, 263. 
Richardson, Lt. Thomas H., 400; 

Richardville, 186; 229; 578. 
Riddle, Corp. Harry, 2G4; 258; 289. 
Ridge, Samuel, 282; 285. 
Ried, Co)p., 264. 
Rings, Robert, 323. 
Rislj', James, 323. 
Ristine, Lt. Henry, 15*; 286; 376*. 
Ristine, John, 287. 
Ritzer, Major, 436. 
River au Raisins, 93. 
Roach, John, 323. 
Robb, Major, 10. 
Robb, Fort, 72. 
Robbins, Gevardus R., 20. 
Roberts, Capt. Charles, 643-644. 
Rol)orts, Peter H., 287. 
Robinson, Thomas, 263. 
Rogers, 31; 277. 
Rogers, David, 279. 
Rogers, Isaac, 285. 
Rogers, James, 279; 285. 
Rogers, Lewis, 285. 
Roper, Major, 167; 170; 171. 
Rose, Thomas, 285. 
Ross, Charles F., 285. 
Ross, George, 285. 
Ross, Hugh, 285. 
Ross, James, 285. 
Rosurahor, see Armewas. 
Round Head, 537. 
Ruland, Capt. John, 257; 289. 
Rule, Lt. Bryan, 319; 329. 
Russel, Col. William, 57*; 59; 66 

67*; 71; 155; 163*; 192*; 245 

287; 378; 382; 391; 400; 407 

408; to Posey, 497-499; 509-510 

571; 665; 672; 690; 692; 693; 

695; 697. 
Ryan, Thomas, 285. 
liyker, Geviwdus, 287. 
Rvker, John C, 287. 
Ryker, Corp. Peter, 286. 
Rykcr, Tno., 20. 

Sabree, Capt. Uriah, 823; 329; see 



Sxnco, 732, 

Sacs, 41; 636; 640. 

SalTord, Col. Robeit, 217; 307. 

Sage, John. 276: 285. 

Sage, William, 287. 

Sallion, 621. 

Salsbury, Thomas, 263. 

Salt Peter, 274. 

Salvers, Henry, 287. 

Samuel, .John, 281. 

Sanders, Lt. Benjamin W., 507. 

Sanders, Lewis, 545. 

Sands, James, 280. 

Sands, John, 286. 

Saxes, 027. 

Scarles, Charles, S23. 

Scott, Gov. Charles, 81; 82; 84; 
87; 90; 91*; 98; 163*; 191: 370. 

Scott, Dr. James, 74; 143*. 

Scott, James, Speaker House, 353. 

Scott, Miss, .374. 

Scott, Thomas, 15* ; Z2. 

Scott, Col. Winfield. 471; 595; 597. 

Scott, William, 264. 

Scull, Dr. Edward, 613. 

Sebree, Capt. Uriah, 319; 430. 

Secretary War, to Harrison, 14-15; 
71; 92; 96-97; 105; 106; 129; 
136-137; 139; 148; 155: 164; 
187-18S; 201; 251; 265-269: 312- 
314; 326-327; 355; 375; 377; 
378-3S1; 412-414; 415; 421; 428; 
430-432; 434-435; 457-458; 404- 
465; 468; 472-473; 491-492; 502- 
503; 516; 544-545; 616-617; 028; 
629-630; 630-631; 644-646; 649; 
651-652; to Johnson, 128; to 
Shelbv, 135-136; 551-552; to gen- 
eral Hull, 191-192; plan north- 
v.'estei*n campaigii, 390*; to 
BTajor Swearimren, 492; 702; 
706; 724-726; 727-728. 

Selby, James, 263. 

Senecas, 509. 

Seneca To^\ti, 536. 

Severns, John, Jr., 65*. 

Shacklet, Major, 234. 

Shackleford, Major, 462. . 

Shane, Anthony, 238*. 

Shane's Crossing, 238*. 

Shank, John, 287. 

Sharp, Phidilio, 732. 

Shaw, John. 33; 43. 

Shawnees, 22; 27: 39; 50*-53; 50: 
60; 61; 6G: 76: 96; 125; 186: 
208; 402; 509; 532; 534; 631; 
636; 638; 639; 042. 

SheafTe, Major General, 618; 019. 

Shecoha, 578. 

Shelbv, Gov.. 91*; 95-96; 98; 99; 
245; 201-202; 306; 385; S90; 

401; 403; 404; 420; 430; 451 
466; 474; 492; 537; 539; 541 
546; 547; 548; 549; 558; 560 
561; 563; 564; 566; 570; 576 
621-622; 046; 701; 752; to secre- 
tary war, 111-116; 505-506; to 
Thomas Buford, 119; to Hopkins, 
120-121; 123; 131-132; to citi- 
zens of Kentucky, 121-122; to 
quartermaster, 132-133; to pay- 
master, 133; to Clay and South, 
135; to Harrison, 153-155; 192- 
193; 224; 345-346; 353; 392- 
395; 398-400; 414-415; 420-421; 
508-509; 513-514; 518-520; 521- 
522; 532-533; 567-569; 624-025; 
646-647; 656; to James Blair, 
15S-159; to Col. A to Z Ky. 
Militia, 50.3-504; to Militia, 504- 
505; to president, 649-651; to 
Posev, 659-600; 663. 

Shields, Capt. Patrick, 282; 283; 

Shields, W., 307. 

Shields, Joseph, 498. 

Shipp, Ensign Edmund, 437; 512. 

Shipman, Stephen, 285. 

Sholes, Capt. Stanton, 484. 

Short, Cvrus, 323. 

Short, Isaac, 287. 

Short. Lt. Col., 509. 

Shoults, Frederick, 15*; 287; 376; 
572; 667; 679; 682; 692; 693; 

Sidnev, John P., 327. 

Silver Heels, 229. 

Silver Heels Towi, 248. 

Silver IMines, 717. 

Simmons, Capt., 

Simpson, John, 158. 

Simpson, Joseph, 322. 

Simpson, William, 323. 

Simrall, Col. James, 145*; 170; 
172; 253; 254; 256; 258; 200; 
265; 270; 289; 292; 304; 549; 

Sioux, 59; 236; 640. 

Six Medals, 692. 

Skilly, Corp, Robert, 263. 

Small, John, 41. 

Smart, 374. 

Smilev, Major James, 531; 620. 

Smitl), Col. Alexander. 506; 015. 

Smith, Scrgt. Byrd, 204. 

Smith, James, 203. 

Smith, John, 29; 287; 564. 

Smith, Richie, 287. 

Smith. Capt. Richard, 250; 289; 
321; 586. 

Smith, Samuel, 323. 

Smith, Col. Thomas, 589. 



Smith, Sergt. Thomas, 263. 

' Smock, Jacob, Jr., 20. 
Sinocke, Abraham, 20. 
Smock, Jacob Scnr., 20; 28. 
Smytho, Gen. Alexander, 21)(;=''. 
Snelling, Capt., 4; 0; 9-10; 12; 21; 
24-2.5; 26; 40; 44; to Harrison, 
15-16; 31-82; 37-39., Samuel, 287. 

South, Samuel, 135. 

Sparks, Daniel, 750. 

Sparks, Eliiah, to Harrison, 552- 
553; Major, 279. 

Spencer, Thomas, 107*. 

Split Log, 220. 

Spy, British, 81. 

Stannard, Dr. Hugh, 456; 480. 

St. Clair, Gen., 710. 

Stevens, James, 287. 

Steele, David, 264. 

Stewart, Sergt. James, 382. 

Stewart, William, 285. 

St. George, Col., 361. 

Stickney, Boiiamin F., 44; 77; 
175*; 181; 189; 578; to Har- 
rison, 53-55; 164; to secretary 
war, 56; 68; 69. 

St. Mary's, 149-150. 

Stockton, Ensign John, 437. 

Stoddard. Amos, 129; Mai., 137; 
155; 173*; 193; 221; 416: 417; 
419; 421; 435; 439; 446; 447; 4.53. 

Stone Eater, 15; 31; 57; 83; 578; 
718; 742. 

Storm, Corp. Andrew, J., 286. 

Storm, Jack, 279. 

Storm, John, 20: 286. 

Storm, Peter, 287. 

Storv, Subaltern Lt., 319. 

Stout. Daniel, 277. 

Street, Joseph U., 731. 

Strickland, Corp. Joseph, 286. 

Stuart, William D., 287. 

Stucker, David, 287. 

Studabaker, David, 286. 

Sturgeon, David, 278. 

Sturgeon, Robert, 277. -• 

Suear Creek, 232. : '.;: . . 

Sullivan, Lt., 234. 

Sullivan, Judge Daniel, 661. 

Swany, Robert, 285. 

Swoaringcn, Major James Strode, 

SjTTimes, 118*. 

Tahhon, or Hoata, 579. ' 
Tarn, John, 203. ' ' ■ ' 

Tawa Town, 148; 152*; 244; 250; 

Tawas, 574. 
Taylor, Hancock, 498. 

Taylor, Hubbard, 246. 

Taylor, Gen. James, 100; 119*; to 

Harrison, 12-1-128. 
Taylor, Col. Richard, 281*; 234. 
Taylor, Waller, 11 ; 745. 
Taylor, Zacharv, 49; 56; 70; 8S; 
89; Cant., 133; Maj., 171; 227; 
234; 498: 609; 709; to Harrison, 
82-83; 134; 150. 
Tecumseh, 14; 18; 27; 50*; 59; 
62; 76; 82; 93; 102; 209; 252; 
262; 450; 474; 512; 576; 598; 
639; 641; 671; 750-754; to Ehot, 
60-61; speeches, 541-543. 
Temarois, 038. 
Terrell, Roll, 323. 

Territorial Council, to Gibson, 351. 
Tessier, 362. 

Thompson, Capt. James, 257; 289. 
Thompson, Maior David, 564. 
Thorn, Sergt. John, 286. 
Thorn, Col. Allen B., 723. 
Tiermans Creek, 24. 
Tippecanoe, Battle of, 3; 5. 
Tipton, Gen. John, 73; 278; 281: 
745-750; Journal, 62-65; to Gib- 
son, 409-411. 
Tipton, Spear, S., 756. 
Tobinibee, 578. 
Todd, Cliarlev L., 246. 
Todd, Capt. Charles Scott, 564: 
612; 750; 752; 755; on Har- 
rison's conduct, 566*. 
Todd, TiLajor George, 436; 531. 
Todd, John, 329. 
Todd, Thomas, 91*. 
Ton-uiies, Sergt., 436. 
Tonehadfonr-. 578. 
Tour, John, 323. 
Tremble, David, 91; Major, 493; 

533; 578; 596; 613. 
Trigg, Maj. William, 531, 
Tr;mble, Col. Allen, 174; 190; 505; 

508; 519. 
Trotter, Capt. George, 248; 253; 
257; 259; 260; 264; 289; 292; 
General, 561; 564. 
Trotter, George, Jr., 163*. 
Trotter, Lt., 289. 
Trumbo, Jacob, 287. 
Tupper, General Edward, 152*; 
164; 173; 174; 179; 184; 185: 
210; 223; 227: 250; 335: 336; 
356: 367: to Harrison, 167-172; 
205*-207; 216-221=^. 
Tupper. Samuel, to Perkins, 202- 

203; 206. 
Turner, William, 19. 
Turtle, 33. 
Turtle's To\vn, 149. 
Tyler, Gov., 749. 


Ulmer, Gc-rge, 285. 
Undenvood, Edmund, 323. 
Urbana, 159. 

Vallonia, 34*; 275. 

Vance, Major, G20. 

Van Cleave, David, 20. 

Vanderburgh, Judge H., 4. 

Vanranssalear, Gen., 178; 296. 

Varvel, Abraham, 287. 

Ventioneer, James, 287. 

Viel, James, 323. 

Vincent, Brig. Gen., 429; 471; 590- 

594; 599-600; 602. 
Vinsant, John, 323. 
Vorhies, Mai. Peter Gordon, 141; 

518; 525. 

Wadsworth, Gen. Elijah, 173*; 

183; 188; 189; 191; 203; 204; 

207; 213; 215; 268 to Harrison, 

Wagaw, 578. 
Waggener, Lewis, 20. 
Wagishgomet, 578. 
Waitaishoo Na Wa, 578. 
Walk in the Water, 537; 573; 579. 
Walker, Col. George, 564. 
Walker, Jeremiah, 322. 
AValker, John, 578. 
Wallace, George, 181. 
Waltz, Lt. David, 249; 253; 258; 

259; 260; 263. 
Wapaghkennetta, 239. 
Warbarton, Col., 560. 
Ward, Annstead, 323. 
Ward, John, 323. 
Ward, Thomas, 323. 
Wardle, Corp. Robert, 284. 
Warren, Lt., 260; 264; /idjt., 289. 
Washburn, Capt, 234. 
Watkins, Sergt, Jonathan, 284. 
Watkins, John L., 744. 
Watson, Simon Zelotus, 472. 
Watters, Henry, 264. 
Wavne, Gen. Anthony, 177; 180; 

188*; 387; 671. 
Weas, 37; 49; 50*; 53; 56; 125; 

128; 175; 229; 577; 579; 637; 
- 6G8; 677; 691; 696; 697; 719; 

721; 723; 724; 727; 728; 731; 

7-^i; 737; 740. 
We;, i hers, Thomas, 285. 
Webb, 233. 

Webster, Thomas, 264. 
Welch, Capt., 8. 
Wells, Ensign Levi, 372. 
Wells, Capt. William, 14; 18; 53; 

68; 70; 87; 99; 165; to secretary 
, war, 21-22; 27; 33; 34; to Har- 
•' risen, 70-78. 

Wells, Col. Samuel, 85; 111; 138; 
140; 141; 144; 145; 149; 156; 
291; 297*; 306; 332; 335; 339; 
353; 435; 478; 503; 531. 

Wends;iw, Thomas, 287. 

Westfall, Newton, E., 40*. 

Wheaton, Capt. Joseph, 406; 434; 
450; 455. 

Whistler, I\Iaj. John, 390; 446. 

Vv^iitaker, Daniel, 287. 

White Loon, 229. 

White Oak Springs, 72. 

While Pidgecn, 16; 24; 174; 190; 

^^^lite Raccoon, 175*. 

While, I\Iaj., 140; contractor, 156; 
176; 184; 236; 248. 

Whitelev, Elam, 286. 

Whitlock, Capt. Ambrose, 350; 407. 

Wilcox, Col. Joseph, 88; 89*; 131; 

Wilcox, Col. Phillip, 193; 224; 233; 

Wilkinson, 163*. 

Wilkinson. Brig. Gen. James, 377* ; 
415; 541; 545; 595; C15; 706. 

Wilkinson, Sergt. Joshua, 286. 

Williams, Daniel, 282; 285. 

Williams, Sergt. Josiah, 284. 

Williams, V.eecc, 285. 

Williams, Capt. Samuel L., 319; 
323; 329. 

Y»lHiamson, Lt. Oliver, 319; 374. 

Wilman, trumpeter, 289. 

Wells, John D., 246. 

Wills, Judge John S., advocate, 
419; 427. 

Will son, Henry, 263. 

Wilson, James. 285. 

Wilson, Martin, 285. 

Wilson, Walter, Col., 15*; 32; to 
Gibson, 354-355; 408; 613*; 64S; 

Winchester, Gen. James, 90; 105 
106; 108; 109; 110; 115; 117 
121; 141; 145; 149; 152; 153 
1C7-168; 17:; 176; 178; 179 
205; 211; 21:0; 227; 240; 241 
246; 247; 250; 291; 294; 297 
300; 315; 317; 318; 331-332 
335; 337; 339: 340; 353; 361 
362; 367: 421; 467; general 
orders, 160; orders to Tupper, 
168-172; 1.0 Harrison, 314; 315- 
316; 325-326; to secretary v^-ar, 

Winchester, Ft., 459. 

Wingate, John, to Harrison, 463- 

Wingate, Thomas S., 104; 309; 
general, 534. 

Winemac, see Winimac. 



Winimac, 44; 247. 

Winlock, Gen., 120; to Gibson, 

• 123. 

Wiiniebagocs, 4-5: 14-16; 25: 

41; 49; 50^^; 53; 55; 56; 58 

6G; 77; 96; 165; 176: 232; 

274; 360; 555; 609; 677; 72: 
Winston, Lt. William 0., 4S5. 
Wise, Tlnoma.', 2S7. 
Wittinuton, Thomas, 264. 
Wolf, 637. 
Woukema, 578. 
Wood, Capt. E. D., 205; 220; 

435; 439; Maj. Engineer, 

541; 547; 564. 
Wood, Thomas, 323. 
Woodfolk, Capt. John H., 372. 
Woodson, Obediah, 323. 
Woodward, Augustus B., 874. 
Woollev, Major Abram E., 






531 ; 


Worley, Lt., 628. 
Worthington, Thomas, 97*; 99. 
Worthinglon, Gen. Thomas, 103; 

Wright, J. A., 105. 
Wright, Sergt. -James, 263. 
Wright, Noah, 274. 
Wright. William, 287. 
Wvandots, 35; 50-53; 56; OS; 97*; 

301; 362; 387; 401; 419; 509: 

526; 532; 555; 573; 577; 579; 

631; 630; 637; 638. 

Yellow Beaver, 742. 

Yeo, Sir James, 544; 584. 

Yunt, Jacob, 20. 

Zenor, Jacob, 62^' 
Zink, John, 270. 

63; 64. 

V^' ^-