Skip to main content

Full text of "Messenger (1991)"

See other formats

^;3 - a / 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 

In an age of instant communication, one regrettable limitation of 
a monthly magazine is the long lead time required. 

We're used to that, of course, but we're aware that not all of 
you are. We regularly receive letters asking us to announce 
meetings scheduled for three weeks later, or asking us why the 
Turning Points submission sent in two months earlier hasn't yet 

This is what's involved in getting an article into print: 

This January issue is scheduled to be mailed December 21. 
That comes after one week in camera and stripping; two weeks 
for printing, folding, and binding; and two or three days for 
labeling in the mailroom. 

Articles for the January issue were edited by the beginning 
of November to allow for several weeks of proofreading, 
collecting photos, designing layouts, and creating the pages on 
our desktop publishing system. We proofread each article at 
every stage, until finally the entire magazine is sent on com- 
puter disk to a Linotronic printer that produces our camera- 
ready pages. These camera-ready "boards" were turned in to 
the printer on November 26. 

Since articles must be edited by early November, it's way 
back in October that we need to receive information for news 
articles and Turning Points. A top-priority news story can make 
it in later (a few days before we send out the computer disk, if 
necessary), but routine information is needed three months 
before the date on the front of the magazine. 

Occasionally, when we have an overflow of information for 
Turning Points, we have to "bump" names to the next issue. 
That can make for an even longer delay before you see the 
names you sent in. 

So be patient. The Turning Points information you sent two 
months ago is probably on the press now. And the November 
news release you sent about your upcoming Christmas event 
will be reported around February as history. 


January 1 99 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Reports from Brethren in Sudan and 
a profile of moderator Phil Stone. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Karia Boyers 


Sue Radcliff 

Subscription services 

Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; IllinoisAVisconsi; 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana. Leon. 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana, Lois Ei 
Michigan. Marie Willoughby; Mid-Atlantic 
Ann Pouts; Missouri, Grace Miles; 
Missouri/Southern Arkansas, Mary 
McGowan; Northern Plains, Pauline Flory; 
Northern Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Pacific 
Southwest, Randy Miller; Middle 
Pennsylvania, Peggy Over; Southern 
Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. Gleim; Western 
Pennsylvania, Jay Christner; Shenandoah, 
Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike Gilmore; 
Western Plains, Dean Hummer; West Marv 
Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of the 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as second- 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, Nov 

I, 1984. Messenger is a 

member of the Associated 
*■" P^* Church Press and a subscriber 
■^ to Religious News Service and 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise mdicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, $ 1 0.50 church group plan, $ 1 0.50 gift 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send with 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. Allow 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com- 
mission, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111., and at additional mailing office. Januar 
1991. Copyright 1990, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355. 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes t 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 


In Touch 2 
Close to Home 
News 6 
Stepping Stones 
Mixed Reviews 
Letters 30 
Pontius' Puddle 
Opinions 32 
Turning Points 
Editorial 36 





^over: John L. Ludwig 

2 left: Terri Meushaw 

2 right; Sara Wilson 

1 top: Glenn Hassinger 

4 bottom: Kenneth A. MacCord 

V Bob Baucher 

■!; Religions News Service/Reuters 

II): Religious News SeiTice 

12: Wallowitch 

19: Georgia Engelhard 

25: Don Honick 

27: Lois Schmidt 

Led to the land of the morning calm 1 1 

David R. Radcliff reflects on his new assignment to carry out 
the church's ministries in Korea. ' 

Why pastors leave 12 

James Benedict reports on his recent survey of pastors who 
have left the pastorate. Sidebars by Robert E. Faus and John 

When the call changes 16 

Kathy S. Hauger profiles pastors who have left or who have 
considered leaving the pastorate. 

Spying out a strange land 19 

Dan and Cindy Bamum-Steggerda describe the issues faced 
by couples serving together in ministry. 

Teamwork 21 

For many couples, team ministry is working well. Story by 
Karla Boyers. 

I. W. Moomaw: Prophet of justice 25 

J. Benton Rhoades gives tribute to longtime missionary I. W. 
Moomaw, "apostle to the rural poor," who died October 2. 

A day in the life of a missionary 27 

Nigeria teacher Galen Hackman provides a slice of life from 
the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria. 

Januaiy 1991 Messenger 1 

Not all washed up 

Earl Heckman, a retired 
mechanical engineer, has 
designed a cost-cutting heat 
recovery system that saves 
about one dollar in fuel per 
hour of use at the New 
Windsor (Md.) Service 

A resident of Elgin, 111., 
Earl worked for 16 years at 
the Greeley & Hansen 
Engineering Company in 
Chicago as head of the 
mechanical engineering 
group, which designs water 

' In Touch' ' profiles Brethren we 
would like you lo meet. Send story 
ideas and photos (black and white, 
if possible) to "In Touch." 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave.. 
Elgin. IL 60120. 

and waste-water treatment 
plants. Wearing retirement in 
October 1989, Earl offered 
his services to the center, 
where he has worked the past 
year through Brethren Volun- 
teer Service. 

At New Windsor, he has 
created a new, more efficient 
in-house laundry system. 
Over the course of a year, the 
system will more than pay for 

A helical heat transfer coil 
removes heat from the 
washer waste water and 
preheats the cold water 
supply entering the heater in 
the boiler. 

Thanks to Earl, the center 
will continue to work at 
better stewardship of the 
earth's resources.— Terri 

Let there be trees! 

Billboards advertising "Let 
There Be Trees" are part of a 
fundraising effort to plant 
100 million trees around the 
world in the coming decade. 

The billboards urge people 
shopping at Dillons grocery 
stores to buy a one-dollar 
button and fund the planting 
of one tree. Customers 
wearing the button are given 
25 cents off each Nintendo or 
video cassette rental. 

The effort was organized 
by Trees for Life, an organi- 
zation based at the First 
Church of the Brethren in 
Wichita, Kan., and directed 
by Balbir and Treva 
Mathur. Brethren Volunteer 
Service worker Jeff Boshart 
also works for Trees for Life 
making presentations to area 

Trees for Life has chalked 
up some victories this year: 
Balbir distributed 700,000 
tree-planting kits to school- 
children across the nation. 
Rotary clubs in Nepal planted 
150,000 banana suckers in 
1990— each tree will provide 
up to 10,000 pounds of fruit. 
Boy Scouts in Kenya are 
organizing to plant 10 million 
trees during the coming de- 
cade. More than 10,000 indi- 
genous people in Guatemala 
planted a tree in their gardens 
during 1990. 

Treva, keeping her eye on 

the fundraising effort, 
announced in November, 
"Only 92 million to go!" 
-Irene S. Reynolds 

Delivery man 

In July, Herman Miller was 

chosen carrier of the month 
for the ViennalOakton Con- 
nection, a normal enough an- 
nouncement, except he was 
approaching his 79th birth- 
day. Most of his colleagues 
were teenagers or younger. 
Herman was surprised by 
the selection but was willing 
to share tricks of the trade 

learned in more than 30 years 
of professional work as a 
postal clerk and as a carrier 
for Washington-area newspa- 
pers. The 400-plus papers he 
delivers once a week is a nice 
change from the seven-days- 
a-week route of earlier years. 

It is normal for Herman to 
combine the past with the 
present. He and his wife, 
Frances, live in a simple 
country-style house he and 
his father built a half century 
ago. Masses of old-fashioned 
flowers flourish in the yard, 
which joins modem raised 
vegetable beds. 

In the community and 
church, Herman has also 
"delivered" over the years. 
Bom and raised in the 

2 Messenger Januar)' 1991 

shadow of the Oakton Church 
of the Brethren in Vienna, 
Va., he has assisted with 
program, property, and 
outreach. Greeting worship- 
ers as head usher especially 
suits his quiet manner. 

He recently received a 
citation from the church for 
"dedicated services." In his 
modest way, he said, "Some- 
one had to do it, and I 
enjoyed it." 

He had little time to bask in 
the honor. With two fellow 
churchmen, he was off to St. 
Croix for a month of volun- 
teer disaster response work. 
Chances are his paper route 
will wait for him, as will 
other opportunities. A carrier 
who gives full service is hard 
to replace and never out- 
dated!-SARA G. Wilson 


The Boleyn family has been 
reunited. Sisters Naomi 
Stovall and Virginia Ahalt, 

and their brother, Lester 
Boleyn, who is working in 
Kenya through the Church of 
the Brethren, helping to trans- 
late the Bible into Sudanese 
languages, located their 
youngest sister this past 

In 1951, the children were 
separated when their mother 
died. Seventeen-year-old 
Naomi became independent, 
but Lester and Virginia were 
put in one foster home and 
Mary Catherine in another. 
Their father, who died seven 
years later, visited them all 
but lost contact with Mary 
Catherine when she was 
adopted by another family. 

When their search was 
blocked by sealed records, 
Virginia and Naomi turned to 

the Frederick (Md.) News- 
Post. An article entitled 
"Search for a Sister" 
included a 1949 picture of 
Mary Catherine. 

The sisters got results that 
evening in the form of a 
telephone call from Mary 
Catherine Guthrie, who had 
no previous knowledge of her 
biological family. 

"I didn't think I had any 
blood relatives other than my 
two kids," she told her new- 
found sisters. 

Truckin' for peace 

The sixth Pastors for Peace 
humanitarian aid caravan, 
which departed from four 
northern US cities this past 
July, took supplies to non- 
governmental development 
projects and churches in 
Nicaragua. Ten trucks carried 
$450,000 in tools, school 
supplies, medicine, and 
construction materials. 

Wayne Judd, pastor of the 
Elizabethtown (Pa.) congre- 
gation, and Frank Layman, 
pastor of the Monte Vista 
church near Boones Mill, 
Va., were among drivers. 

Pastors for Peace, a project 
of the Interreligious Founda- 
tion for Community Organi- 
zation, was initiated in 
August 1988 in response to a 
contra terrorist attack on a 
Nicaraguan passenger ferry. 
IFCO executive director 
Lucius Walker Jr. was 
wounded in the attack. 

Names in the news 

Frank Ramirez, pastor of 
the Elkhart (Ind.) Valley 
church, got a lot of attention— 
and pledges— at Elkhart's 

annual CROP walk. He ran 
the 6.2 miles in rainy weather 
wearing a three-piece suit. 

The Sugarland church near 
Parsons, W. Va., presented 
Wilma Waybright with a 
diamond watch for 60 years 
of service as a Brethren 
minister, on September 30. 
She was licensed September 
6, 1930, and was ordained 
September 11, 1966. 

Stauffer Curry, of New 
Oxford, Pa., was honored by 
On Earth Peace at a private 
ceremony in July. He is a 
director emeritus of the OEP 
board and served as director 
of the National Service Board 
of Religious Objectors after 
World War II. 

OEP also honored Eliza- 
bethtown College professor 
Donald F. Durnbaugh and 
Shalom!, an organization of 
peace-oriented Brethren 
youth, at its annual recogni- 
tion banquet in September. 

High school student Brad 
Campbell, of the Turkey 
Creek church in Edwards, 
Mo., has been elected 
governor of the 1990 
Missouri Boy's State, visited 
the Soviet Union in a People 
to People program, placed 
first in a state speech contest, 
and is chairman of his student 
council, as well as being the 
youngest delegate to Missouri 
District conference. 

Anne Kenderdine, of the 
Elizabethtown (Pa.) church, 
and Eric Clair, of the 
Swatara Hill church in 
Middletown, Pa., were 
selected Elizabethtown area 
boy and girl of the month in 
October. Both are high school 

Shelly Rocke, of the 
Highland Avenue church in 
Elgin, 111., was chosen Larkin 
High School's homecoming 
queen in October. 

Although Mike Thralls, of 

the Antelope Valley church 
near Billings, Okla., did not 
succeed in his bid for a state 
Senate seat, he did receive 43 
percent of the vote in his area 
in the November 6 election. 
He also serves as moderator 
for the Southern Plains 

NYC-goers from Western 
Pennsylvania District 
witnessed an engagement this 

summer when aduh advisor 
Michael Swick proposed to 
advisor Wendy Davis at the 
meeting point of the district's 
three National Youth 
Conference-bound buses. 

Rodrick Rolston, of the 
Crest Manor church in South 
Bend, Ind., was selected 
Indiana Correctional Educa- 
tor of the Year for 1990. A 
sociologist and teacher at 
Indiana State Prison, he was 
also given the Lifers award 
by Lifers United, an inmate 

A. Herbert Smith, 
professor of religion and 
philosophy at McPherson 
College, has won the 1990 
Sears-Roebuck Foundation 
Teaching Excellence and 
Campus Leadership Award. 
Such recognition was given 
to 700 private college faculty 
this year— each receives 
$1,000 and the host institu- 
tion receives $500- 1 ,500 
depending on enrollment. 

Sam Erbaugh, of the 
Trotwood (Ohio) church, has 
written a book. Chief Among 
Publicans, released by 
Winston-Derek Publishers. 

January 1991 Messenger 3 


On the bright side . . . 

A recent love feast at the 
Ephrata (Pa.) church 
included 25 members of the 
Bright Side Baptist Church, a 
black congregation in the city 
of Lancaster. 

Ephrata members, mostly 
white and living in a more 
rural location, began to think 
of ways to demonstrate inter- 
racial harmony when in 1988 
the area became the site of 
gatherings of the Ku Klux 
Klan. The Brethren discov- 
ered that the Baptists were 
also eager to demonstrate that 
far more united than sepa- 
rated them. An exchange has 
continued ever since. 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home," Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Ephrata pastor Albert Sauls (left) and 
moderator Dan'in Boyd share a hug with 
Bright Side pastor Louis Butcher Jr. 

The love feast was an 
experience the Baptists were 
looking forward to and were, 
of course, curious about. 
What better way to develop 
love and unity with someone 
than to kneel down and wash 
their feet! 

Culminating the exchange 
was Bright Side's leadership 
in Ephrata 's October 14 
service. The young adult 
choir witnessed through song, 
and pastor Louis Butcher Jr. 
spoke on "Strangers and 
Pilgrims"— once we were 
strangers, now we are friends, 
but we were always pilgrims 
on a mission for the Lord. 
-Deborah R. Gilbert 

The Chetvertukins are sponsored in the US by the Myerstown 
church: pictured with Rimma and Nikolay (second and third 
from left in front) are children (from left) Natalya, Magarita, 
Galina. Nikolay. Gregory, Rimma, Igor, Dimitry, and Sergey. 


Meet the Chetvertukins, a 
Soviet refugee family of 1 1 
sponsored through Church 
World Service by the 
Myerstown (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

After a stay in Italy, the 
family came to the US in 
March, drawn by the large 
settlement of Russian 
Pentecostals in the New 
Holland (Pa.) area. Members 
of the congregation met the 
family at the airport, helped 
find housing and jobs, 
provided initial rent and 
groceries, and helped obtain 
driver's licenses, required 
shots, and certificates. 

"None of them spoke 
English," says pastor Glenn 
Hassinger, who notes that 
similar hymns and tunes have 
created a bond in worship. 
After Sunday service at 
Myerstown, the Chetvertuk- 
ins normally travel another 
40 minutes to worship with a 
community of approximately 
200 Soviet friends. 

"One blessing we've 
received from having them 
become part of our congrega- 
tion is the sense of commit- 
ment and dedication to their 
religious conviction," says 

Glenn. "They've reminded 
us anew of the freedoms we 
so often take for granted." 

'Round the mountain 

A third annual Alpine Wild- 
erness Hike, co-sponsored by 
the Outdoors Ministries 
Association and the United 
Church of Christ's Commu- 
nity Church of Columbus, 
Ohio, takes place July 24- 
August 6. 

The 99-mile hike of the 
Wonderland trail circles Mt. 
Rainier at 5- to 6,000 feet. A 
maximum of 12 people will 
be allowed for the hike. The 
cost of $200 includes food, 
supplies, and shuttle transpor- 
tation from Camp Koinonia 
to the trail. Contact Marvin 
Thill, Missouri District 
executive, (816) 747-6216. 

Campus comments 



Juniata College gave 
Community Service Awards 
to 19 students at Homecom- 
ing, in place of choosing a 
queen. Student Kelly 
Crawford said the committee 

4 Messenger January 1991 

wanted "to avoid the sexist 
perspective normally associ- 
ated with the selection of the 
homecoming queen." 

Matthew Smucker and 
Cynthia Bull received Man- 
chester College's first Stu- 
dent Alumni Service Awards 
at Homecoming. Alumni 
Service Awards were pre- 
sented to General Board 
member Robin Lahman, 
Betty Leffel, Florence Freed, 
the late Liegh Freed, and 
Helen Taylor. 

Three Elizabethtown 
College alumni received 
awards at Homecoming: 
Bethany Seminary board 
chairman Clyde R. Shallen- 
berger, Helen Walton Eber- 
sole, and Henry J. Pownall. 

A fall art exhibit at 
Elizabethtown featured a 
collection donated by Mr. and 
\ Mrs. Philip Berman, includ- 
ing lithographs by Salvador 
Dali, Paul Gauguin, and 
Pablo Picasso, among other 
well-known artists. 

Bridgewater College has 
honored Margaret Flory, 
Wampler Rainbolt, and 
William L. Mengebier with 
Outstanding Service Awards. 

What's happening 

A merger is underway be- 
tween Missouri and South- 
ern Missouri/Arkansas 

Districts, pending Standing 
Committee approval in July. 

Adopting terminology 
consistent with other districts. 
Pacific Southwest Confer- 
ence has changed its name to 
Pacific Southwest District. 

The Lampeter (Pa.) 
church has hosted kindergar- 
ten classes for the Hans Hen- 
Elementary School, while the 
school's new addition is built. 

Trinity church in Sabetha, 
Kan., sponsored its 30th 
annual "Labor Day Weekend 
Safety Break" this year in 
cooperation with a Methodist 
church. Up to 1 ,600 travelers 
stopped to share the refresh- 
ments served at a rest stop by 
a busy highway junction. 

Garden Terrace, operated 
by the Wenatchee Brethren 
Baptist Homes Inc., has been 
remodeled at an expense of 
$64,000. An October open 
house displayed improve- 
ments in the apartment house 
for senior citizens. "It's just 
like walking into a big hotel 

Gene Palsgrave and Mary Boucher admire Third World crafts 
in the Modesto (Calif.) church's SERRV shop, which opened 
more than a year ago and averages $700 in sales each month. 
' 'One of the things that really helps is to take a display to 
other meetings such as Church Women United," Mary says. 

in New York," said resident 
Janet Sweetapple. 
Central Evangelical 

church in the Koreatown area 

Charlottesville (Va.) church. 
The move was inspired by 
former Ethiopian refugee 
Mickael Asefa. 


^ *y- ^^ ^ 351 5? 

Central Evangelical Church 


of Los Angeles, Calif., has 
received approval for a 
$300,000 loan from the 
General Board to pay off two 
private loans and new 
building projects. 

A sixth annual volleyball 
tournament at the Scalp 
Level church in Windber, 
Pa., raised $3,107.23 for the 
Brethren Home. Locust 
Grove church in Johnstown 
took first place. 

Members of First Central 
church, Kansas City, Kan., 
repainted a Salvation Army 
Family Shelter as part of a 
Bible study on homelessness. 

A new history of the 
Brethren in Indiana is 
underway, sponsored by 
historical committees of 
Northern Indiana and 
South/Central Indiana 
Districts. The last such 
history was published some 
40 years ago. 

Possibly the first anointing 
by barbecue sauce dedicated 
a barbecue pit at the Mount 
Pleasant church in Harri- 
sonburg, Va., in September. 
Ground was also broken for a 
new fellowship hall. 

At the closing of Waka 
(Texas) School, its library 
was transferred to the Waka 
church, to serve as a commu- 
nity library. 

An Ethiopian refugee 
family— Berhane and As- 
segedech Melles and their 
sons, Alexander and Lijam— 
has been sponsored by the 


The Farmington-Bethel 
(Pa.) church celebrated 125 
years September 16. 

The Sugar Grove church, 
Hooversville, Pa., celebrated 
a centennial September 16. 

The Turkey Creek church 
in Edwards, Mo., celebrated 
100 years in June. Members 
call it the "halfway house" 
as the most central church in 
the merger of Missouri and 
Southern Missouri/ Arkansas 

The Ottumwa (Iowa) 
church celebrated 90 years of 
worship and 3 1 years at its 
present location on Septem- 
ber 15-16. 

The Waka (Texas) church 
observed a 75th anniversary 
November 1 1 . 

The Bassett (Va.) church 
observed a 65th anniversary 
October 14. 

On September 16, the 
Springfield (Ohio) congrega- 
tion voted to close its church 
and to merge with the 
Donnels Creek church in 
North Hampton. 

The Pleasant Dale church 
near Decatur, Ind., burned its 
mortgage September 16. 

The Lakeview church in 
Brethren, Mich., broke 
ground for a new "barrier- 
free" addition October 4. 

Planned for October 14, 
dedication of the Christ Our 
Shepherd fellowship in 
Indianapolis, Ind., has been 
postponed due to cash-flow 

January 1991 Messenger 5 

Sudanese may face mass 
starvation, devastation 

In Sudan in 1988, drought combined 
with the upheaval of civil war caused 
250,000 people to die. The situation 
unfolding today is even more devastat- 

Because of the lack of rains in 1990, 
the present crop harvest is but 20 or 30 
percent of last year's. One million 
people are expected to be displaced from 
their homes in search of food. During the 
first two weeks of September, 10,000 
southern Sudanese came to Khartoum, 
the capital city, which already contained 
up to 1.5 million displaced people who 
arrived during the past two years. 

As new arrivals appear in Khartoum, 
the government registers and transports 
them away from the city, disallowing 
them the use of already overtaxed 
systems and supplies. The result likely 
means death to these people, for there 
are no food or services available to them 
in the areas where they are being sent. 

The United Nations and the World 
Food Program see need for one million 
metric tons of food to avert further 
tragedy in Sudan. With the world 
currently focusing its attention on the 
reunification of Europe and the Gulf 
crisis, it is feared global interest will not 
be adequate to meet the need. 

In addition, the Sudanese government 
denies reports that millions of its people 
face starvation. The chief government 
economist said in October that the 
government would refuse relief even if 
there were famine. US relief officials say 
their shipments will be restricted 
because of actions of the Sudanese 
government, which has confiscated relief 
grain and has hindered United Nations 
and Red Cross efforts. 

Death due to starvation has already 
occurred in and around Khartoum, where 
Brethren R. Jan and Roma Jo Thompson 
work in disaster relief and theological 
education with the Sudan Council of 
Churches (SCC) and the Presbyterian 
Church in Sudan (an interview with the 
Thompsons will appear in February). 
Soon the starvation will take on mass 
proportions. Food supplies that remain 

6 Messenger January 1991 

are being hoarded for profiteering. 

The SCC recently imported 500 metric 
tons of grain, which was strategically 
placed in Kosti for distribution. Govern- 
ment forces commandeered the ware- 
house. A few days later, armed person- 
nel carried the grain away with no 
explanation or reimbursement. 
—Kenneth O. Holderread 

Marion (Ind.) members used alterna- 
tive transportation and challenged 
neighboring churches to do the same. 

The Genesis Sunday school class at 
the Hagerstown (Md.) church postponed 
a trip to Pennsylvania because of the 
heavy use of gasoline required. 

"Oil-Free Sunday" events at First 
church in Chicago, 111., and at the 

Members of the Antelope Valley church near Billings, Okla., traveled on horseback, I 
by foot, and by car-pool for an ''Oil-Free Sunday' ' observance October 28. 

Cliurclies respond to call 
for 'Oil-Free Sunday' 

Brethren congregations participated in 
"Oil-Free Sunday" October 21, in 
response to a call from the General 
Board's peace team to avoid using oil- 
fueled vehicles in favor of walking, 
bicycling, public transportation, car- 
pooling, and in some cases, horseback 
riding. The campaign intended to 
connect US consumption of oil to the 
crisis in the Persian Gulf. 

Among participating congregations 
was the Quinter (Kan.) church, where 
one family rode horses to church and 
others ran or walked. A small covered 
wagon also carried Quinter worshipers to 

Members of the Antelope Valley 
church near Billings, Okla., also came to 
church on horseback for an "Oil-Free" 
observance October 28. 

Northview church in Indianapolis, Ind., 
were featured on area television station!" 

A Saturday evening hay-ride became 
the "Oil-Free" event at the Faith churc 
in Batavia, 111. , 

The issue was a tough one for 
McPherson (Kan.) members who own c 
rigs. "The joke was, let's call for a 50' 

A peace delegation, composed of 12 USil 
and Canadian members of the Church of 
the Brethren, the Mennonite churches, 
and the Brethren in Christ denomination, > 
left November 21 for a 10-day stay in Iraq ' 
as this issue went to press. 

Church of the Brethren representatives ' 
included Julie Garber, General Board 
editor of study resources, and Bill Keim, 
an administrator at the Sandy Spring 
(Md.) Friends School. A report will appear ' 
in March. 


lercent oil freeze since we only import 
iO percent of our oil," pastor Don Booz 
old the Wichita Eagle. 

"Not everybody participated, obvi- 
)usly," said David Radcliff, General 
Joard peace consultant and liaison to 
Christian Peacemaker Teams, a Men- 
lonite and Brethren organization that 
iriginated the idea. Some Brethren 
hought "Oil-Free Sunday" was 
inworkable in their own situations, 
ladcliff said. But for those who took 
)art, "it was an opportunity to think 
ibout the Middle East conflict from a 
aith perspective." 

The observance was also an opportu- 
lity for churches to get media coverage 
ind publicity, he added. The media 
'seemed to have a genuine interest" in 
Itemative views of the Gulf situation, 
e said. "I'm glad we had some congre- 
ations who provided that for them." 

^BC begins Lafiya program, 
lears from Bethany Hospital 

1 the first meeting of the board of the 
issociation of Brethren Caregivers 
'ormerly the Brethren Health and 
k'elfare Association and the Brethren 
[[ealth Foundation), plans were made to 
jegin a "Lafiya" program in the US. 
I "Lafiya: A Whole Person Health 
flinistry" is designed to encourage and 
ipport congregations and church- 
;lated groups to be healing communi- 
(es. The program is named after a 
rethren health ministry begun in Niger- 
in 1973. A half-time position was 
oproved for a Lafiya denominational 
cilitator to help select and work with 
X congregations during this first year. 
Lafiya is one of two ABC projects to 
ceive substantial funding from the 
general Board's "Vision for the '90s" 
ogram. Assistance will also be given 
; the Castaiier (P.R.) Hospital, in the 
rm of capital improvements, including 
edical staff housing. 
ABC's health foundation board re- 
j ived a report on the status of Bethany 
ospital in Chicago, 111. (see accompa- 
'ing article). Owner Evangelical Health 

Systems asked ABC to waive first right 
of refusal to purchase, anticipating a 
possible interest on the part of Cook 
County. A committee was appointed to 
determine ABC's options and to recom- 
mend action. 

Among other business, ABC: 

—adopted a mission and goals state- 

—decided to work on a statement on 
nicotine use; 

—decided to encourage Annual Con- 
ference to pass a resolution on the 
themes of silence, shame, and suffering, 
as they pertain to issues such as child- 
battering, AIDS, addictions, incest, 
codependency, and homosexuality 
within congregations; 

—recommended construction of a 
portable platform lift to assure access to 
the main Annual Conference platform; 

—worked on plans for a pre-Confer- 
ence meeting featuring Marie Marshall 
Fortune, a United Church of Christ 
minister who founded the Center for the 
Prevention of Sexual and Domestic 
Violence in Seattle, Wash.; 

—worked on plans for an older adult 
conference to be held in the fall of 1992; 

—decided to sponsor a 10-day work- 
camp in Culebra, P.R., this summer; 

—decided to co-sponsor a two-week 
Nigerian Health Care Study Tour in 
January 1992 with Bethany Seminary 
and the Africa/Middle East office of the 
General Board; and 

—appointed Paul Boll, executive 
director of the Lebanon Valley Brethren 
Home in Palmyra, Pa., to ABC's older 
adult board. 

Bethany Hospital continues 
operations under new plan 

Brethren-founded Bethany Hospital, on 
the West Side of Chicago, 111., plans to 
continue operations in the face of serious 
financial difficulties (see December, 
page 7). The hospital has been losing up 
to $1 million a month. 

Evangelical Health Systems, owner of 
the 212-bed facility, says it will try to 
cut costs and increase revenue through 

layoffs of about 12 employees, freezes 
and cuts in salaries, extra funding for 
Medicare patients because of changes in 
that program, and more funding from the 
state for Medicaid patients, spokes- 
woman Karen Schickedanz told the 
Chicago Sun-Times. 

The hospital may also try to coordi- 
nate work with area health facilities and 
will try to recruit more physicians and 
admit more patients. 

"The idea of the county buying the 
hospital received a cool reception" at a 
Cook County board meeting, the 
newspaper said. The former county 
board president recommended buying 
Bethany as a satellite for the aging Cook 
County Hospital. A coalition of West 
Side health groups protested the sale, 
claiming neighborhood physicians would 
have no place to admit patients and 
would leave the area. 

Deaf ministries to be 
cooperative venture 

The Church of the Brethren will take 
part in a new Anabaptist Deaf Ministries 
Board with other Anabaptist denomina- 
tions, the Parish Ministries Commission 
decided in October. 

Cooperative work will be only one 
part of the Brethren response to the deaf 
ministries recommendations from 
Annual Conference, said PMC executive 
Joan Deeter. PMC has also appointed a 
deaf ministries task force and approved a 
budget for its work in 1991. 

Some cooperative work is already in 
place, Deeter emphasized. The Univer- 
sity Park Church of the Brethren in 
Hyattsville, Md., is housing the Mennon- 
ite Board of Missions' Deaf Ministries 
Office. MBM is to be primarily respon- 
sible for the cooperative board and will 
provide the bulk of the necessary funds 
at this time. Cooperating denominations 
are expected to work at fundraising for 
the effort. 

Janice Martin and Jan Eisemann will 
represent the Brethren on the board. 
Members of the new Brethren task force 
are still to be named. 

January 1991 Messenger 7 

World AIDS Day 1990 took place December 1 , focusing on issues 
related to women and AIDS. The World Health Organization esti- 
mated that in 1990 one-third of the six million people infected with HIV 
were women. With the impact of AIDS as both an illness and a social 
and economic challenge, the day drew attention to the special 
problems faced by women and highlighted the need for women to 
become involved in the worldwide fight against AIDS. From its start in 
1988, World AIDS Day has been the only international day of 
coordinated action in the global effort to meet the challenge of AIDS. 

The 1990 Presidential End Hunger Award was received by 
Heifer Project International (HPI) at a White House ceremony in 
October. The award, sponsored by the US Agency for International 
Development, is presented annually in conjunction with World Food 
Day to eight US citizens and organizations making significant 
contributions to end hunger. Samson Kisekka, prime minister of 
Uganda, nominated HPI for the award after visiting the Perryville, Ark; 
livestock research and education center. Kisekka commented that HPI 
"provides a hand up rather than a handout." 

Statements about the nature of Jesus Christ have divided 
Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christians for 1 ,500 years, since the 
Council of Calcedon in 451. But in a meeting in September, 34 
theologians from 16 countries gave unanimous approval to a state- 
ment attempting to mend the theological divide. Discussions con- 
cluded that both Orthodox families have maintained authentic Chris- 
tological faith, though perhaps have used Christological terms 
differently. Theologians noted, "It is this common faith and continuous 
loyalty to the apostolic tradition that should be the basis of our unity 
and communion," Religious News Service reported. 

The call to abolish conscription in Germany is part of a 
declaration adopted by the free churches of the former Federal 
Republic, who feel that a military draft is no longer needed. The 
declaration also calls for a drastic reduction in the size of the profes- 
sional army and asks that a social peace service for men and women 
replace the existing civilian alternative service. 

Cooperation in Bible translation and distribution is being 
worked on more closely as a result of meetings held in England in 

On bended knee. Attorney General Dick Thornburg presents a checi 
for $20,000 to Kisa Iseri, 102, from Ontario, Ore., at a ceremony iielc 
at tfie Justice Department in October Laws for sucti payments of 
redress to Japanese-Americans for internment in camps during Woric 
War II have been supported strongly by Brethren over the years, as 
have programs for their resettlement. 

October by the United Bible Societies. The hope is to avoid duplica- 
tion as well as unproductive competition in the task of making 
scripture available. In a statement from 12 organizations, both distri- 
bution and translation agencies, it was noted that familiarity and use 
of scripture has greatly diminished in "developed" countries, and tha 
there has been an increase in sharing from personal experience as 
opposed to using scripture. Agencies at the meeting felt these trends 
are undermining the church's reliance on the word of God for 
guidance and teaching. 

The Vatican-sponsored World Peace Day theme, observed 
January 1 , was one of "conscience." A Vatican statement said, "If y( 
want peace, respect everyone's conscience," and that "this is true fc 
individuals as for communities," Peace Media Service reported. 

Brethren provide $41,000 
for food, disaster funds 

A one-time grant for $23,000 has been 
given through the Global Food Crisis 
Fund to the Church of the Brethren in 
the Dominican Republic, toward the 
purchase of a diesel engine and pump. 
The grant will allow for the construction 
of a pump house in Los Toros, an area 
that has suffered two years of drought, 
and will enable 150 farm families to 
irrigate approximately 6,175 acres of 
land, assuring them a steady supply of 

8 Messenger January 1991 

food and some cash income from the 
sale of produce. 

Another $8,000 Global Food Crisis 
Fund grant was given for the purchase of 
25 tons of salt for the new Sudan 
Council of Churches in the south of 
Sudan. Salt, which is not available in the 
region, is needed for human consump- 
tion and as an item for barter, and will 
be used for the relief program of the 
council and to buy grains and supplies to 
transport and exchange for other items of 

Grants of $5,000 each were given 

through the church's Emergency 
Disaster Fund to help the people of Chi 
and Cambodia. In Santiago, Chile, the 
money will go toward the provision of 
food supplements to seven church 
communities and to support efforts 
toward self-sufficiency. 

In Cambodia, an estimated 149,000 
people in nine provinces have been 
displaced due to fighting in the western 
provinces. The $5,000 grant will buy k 
containing blankets, plastic sheeting, , 
mosquito nets, water buckets, cooking 
pots, utensils, salt, and other supplies. 

New church development 
right on target for 1990 

With the development of 1 1 new congre- 
gational starts in 1990, the goal of 1 10 
churches for the decade is "right on the 
money," says Merle Crouse, church 
development staff. 

Of the 1 1 new churches, two are 
Korean, six Hispanic, and three Anglo. 
"This is a much heavier proportion of 
ethnic minorities than what we've seen 
in the '80s, and I think this is indicative 
of what we will be seeing," says Crouse, 
who predicts 60 percent of future growth 
will be in minority populations. 

Another new trend concerns the 
decline of the "fully funded" church. 
Many new starts are beginning with part- 
time or limited full-time pastors, renting 
space from schools, fire halls, or other 
churches, and staying with a rental as 
long as it serves the need. "This is the 
only way to go for some congregations 
in areas where land and buildings are too 
expensive," says Crouse. 

To overcome the financial struggle, 
some congregations are buying other 
denominations' structures as the facili- 
ties are outgrown, or the congregations 
move to new locations. Still others are 
seeking innovative solutions through 
renting their own space to other groups 
such as day care businesses. 

"The key for growth in the '90s," 
says Crouse, "is to find different, more 
effective ways to reach out to our 
neighborhoods and communities." 

General Board, Benefit Trust, 
district announce new staff 

Timothy A. McElwee has been named 
he Washington representative for the 
General Board, effective May 1 . He 
lolds a degree in peace studies and 
eligion/philosophy from Manchester 
Tollege, a master of divinity from 
3ethany Seminary, and a master of 

' 'TOlitical science from Purdue University. 

' i^e has served as campus pastor at 

' Jerry D. Rodeffer, of Snohomish, 
iVash., began work in November in a 

Timothy A. McElwee 

Janice L. Kensinger 

Jerry D. Rodeffer 

new position as 
treasurer of the 
Brethren Benefit 
Trust and as 
director of the 
Brethren Founda- 
tion. Rodeffer 
received a master 
of business admin- 
istration from the University of Wash- 
ington. He has been involved in real 
estate management and management 

Janice L. Kensinger began January 1 
as associate executive for youth minis- 
tries in Atlantic Northeast District. She 
has served the past eight years as part- 
time associate for youth ministries. 

Brethren involved in forum 
for Salvadoran women 

The inaugural meeting of the Women's 
International Network for Development 
and Democracy in El Salvador (WINDS) 
took place in Washington, D. C, in 
October, and was attended by women 
from around the world. 

Jan Schrock, director of Brethren 
Volunteer Service, was present as a 
member of the international advisory 
board. Laura Lomas, a second-year 
BVSer in the Washington office of Co- 
MADRES, a Salvadoran human rights 
organization, was a key organizer of the 

"Salvadoran women are an example 
to international women, and WINDS is a 
way for us to learn from them and to 
imitate their commitment to their 
community and to peace and justice," 
says Lomas. 

WINDS grew from a July event in El 
Salvador, when 600 Salvadoran women 
gathered to discuss how to increase 
women's leadership in the political, 
cultural and economic life of their 
country. Among the topics covered at 
the October forum were connections 
between international women of faith. 

women's involvement in the labor 
movement, their role in economic 
development, and their response to the 
environmental crisis in El Salvador. 
The group decided to establish an 
office in El Salvador from which Sal- 
vadoran women have the leadership to 
direct women's self-development pro- 
jects, and for which volunteers in the US 
can assist Salvadoran women by getting 
them office equipment, medical sup- 
plies, tools, and educational materials. 

Large Soviet increase 
in refugee program 

"While the overall caseload of refugees 
is approximately the same as in recent 
years, there is a large increase projected 
for 1991 in the number of persons 
coming from the Soviet Union," says 
Donna Derr of the Brethren refugee 

In its original proposal for the year. 
Congress has approved approximately 
124,000 funded admissions for all 
nationalities, with an additional "special 
need" cap of 50,000 for Soviet cases 
alone. Derr attributes this recent increase 
to the fact that the Soviet Union has 
become more lenient in its own immi- 
gration policies of late, as well as to the 
longstanding invitation from the US to 
take as many of those who want to come 
and experience religious freedoms. 

"It's hard to tell in terms of numbers, 
how many families the Church of the 
Brethren helps to resettle," says Derr, 
noting final federal budget approvals and 
immigration bills as key factors deter- 
mining the overall number of cases 
allocated to Church World Service, and 
in turn, to the Brethren and other 

"The church does act as full sponsor 
for the family, however, providing tem- 
porary housing, clothing, assistance with 
employment, and access to some sort of 
tutoring or education classes if needed." 

Other significant portions of the 
remaining two-thirds of the refugee 
population now entering the US are 
composed largely of Amerasian chil- 
dren, and Africans and Mid-Easterners. 

January 1991 Messenger 9 

New book on environment 
released by Brethren Press 

Creation in Crisis: Responding to God's 
Covenant, written by Shantilal Bhagat, 
World Ministries staff for economic 
justice/rural crisis, was released by 
Brethren Press in December. 

This 13-chapter book is related to 
Bhagat's paper entitled "Creation: 
Called to Care," which was presented 
last summer at Annual Conference. The 
book is designed for use as Sunday 
school material, for small group discus- 
sion, or to be read individually. 

It explores a Christian understanding 
of creation, economical and ecological 
linkages to the earth, human degradation 
of the planet's resources, and a look 
toward the future in regard to lifestyle 
choices. Ample study and discussion 
questions, as well as lists of other 
available resources, are included. 

"We have treated the earth as just a 
resource," says Bhagat. "It is important 
for us as Christians to become more 
conscious and active in realizing that 
ultimately the environment does not 
depend on us; we depend on it." 

New Anabaptist curriculum 
to be produced for kids 

In cooperation with the Anabaptist 
Curriculum Project for Children, the 
Church of the Brethren is beginning 
development of new Sunday school 
material, working with the Mennonite 
Church, the General Conference Men- 
nonite Church, and the Brethren in 

The new curriculum, with a produc- 
tion date set for September 1994, will 
concentrate on helping adults share the 
biblical faith with children and how each 
child is part of God's story of faith. The 
educational approach will be one of 
congregational discipling by interweav- 
ing Christian education, worship life, 
and daily service to God with reaching 
out to others. 

The Parish Ministries Commission has 
already approved development of the 

1 Messenger January 1991 

Springbok and Newborn Lamb, nis photo by Betty K. Bruce was a winner in the 
annual National Bible Week photo contest. It illustrates Genesis 1 :24. ' 'And God 
said, 'Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds.' " 

curriculum. Staff related to the project 
include June Gibble, congregational nur- 
ture. Bob Dumbaugh, Brethren Press, 
and Julie Garber, editor of study re- 
sources. Other Brethren who will help 
give overall direction to the project are 
Jean Moyer and Donna Forbes Steiner, 
members of the curriculum development 

Rosella Wiens Reigier, former secre- 
tary for children's education with the 
General Conference Mennonite Church, 
is the project's executive director. 

World conflicts hurt poor, 
Hunger 1990' report says 

Militarization is the chief cause of 
hunger and famine in the world, accord- 
ing to a report released on World Food 
Day, October 16. 

"Hunger 1990," published by Bread 
for the World, was co-sponsored by 
World Concern, the Christian Children's 
Fund, Heifer Project, Church World 
Service, World Vision, Catholic Relief 
Services, and Lutheran World Relief. 

The Gulf crisis illustrates the link 
between arms and hunger, the 1 34-page 
report said. The invasion of Kuwait was 
"a consequence of the Cold War, whose 
sponsors have poured billions of dollars 
worth of arms into the region." 

The report accused regional conflicts 
of causing hunger by disrupting the 
production and distribution of food. 
Examples include civil wars in Africa, 
fought with US and Soviet arms and 
causing famines affecting up to 20 
million people. 

Hunger is increasing in Third World 
countries, where military spending has 
increased, and in the US, where the 
study said "there are 18 to 20 million 
people who are so poor that they 
sometimes go without food." The $300 
billion US defense budget has been 
partly responsible for less spending on 
food, housing, and job training. 

"Now that the Cold War has come to 
an end in Europe, the superpowers are 
scaling down their competition in the 
Third World," the report said. But the 
economic needs of Eastern Europe and 
the decline in "strategic value" of Third 
World countries may mean the Third 
World gets less superpower assistance. 

Specific causes of hunger vary, the 
study said. "In Ethiopia, the most 
pressing issue is peace. In Brazil, the 
pressing issues are international debt, 
economic mismanagement, and social 
injustice. In the US, the most pressing 
issues are a lack of commitment to 
providing jobs with adequate pay and 
benefits' and insufficient funding of 
social programs that have proved their 

Led to the land 

of the morning calm 

by David R. Radcliff 

"It's no accident that they chose the 
peace consultant to serve as the director 
of Korean ministries! ' ' 

I heard this comment a number of 
times since adding this assignment to my 
responsibilities on the denominational 
staff. Indeed, if one were to go by the 
conflicting feelings and perspectives in 
evidence over the "'Korea question" at 
this past summer's Annual Conference, 
it is easy to see why my recent appoint- 
ment would evoke this kind of reaction. 

It should be no surprise that an issue 
such as overseas Korean ministry would 
prove challenging and controversial for 
our denomination at this point in our 
history. Not having faced the prospect of 
church planting outside the United States 
in some time, we have likewise not had 
to face our varying understandings of the 
importance and nature of ecumenical 
work in other lands, as well as different 
convictions about the manner of Breth- 
ren "mission" in today's global context. 

At this point in my new assignment, it 
seems to me that the decision of Annual 
Conference with regard to Korea has 
pushed us on toward a resolution of 
liese different approaches to Brethren 
mssion outside the US. Within the 
World Ministries Commission and its 
*5taff, from the general secretary and 
imong others in the church with whom I 
lave spoken, there appears to be a 
growing consensus that we are moving 
n a direction that many of us can affirm. 
Vlore importantly, there is a feeling of 
jod's call having broken through all our 
.vrangling and given us a clear indica- 
ion of what God would have us do. 

As our denomination takes the next 
teps toward establishing itself in "the 

land of morning calm," it seems to me 
that there are several important markers 
that guide our endeavors. 

First of all, we must see these early 
stages as a period of discernment in 
which we earnestly seek God's direction. 
The way in which we proceed at this 
time will have consequences for our 
long-term mission in Korea, so it 
behooves us to move carefully and 

We must go to Korea as who we are. 
There are already over five million 
Christians in the Republic of Korea 
(South Korea), with many Protestant 
denominations and over one million 
Roman Catholics. We need to offer our 
unique perspective on Christianity to the 
people of Korea, or else we may find 
ourselves simply further muddying the 
denominational waters. 

Even as we offer our distinctive 
Brethren witness in this new land, we 
must be ready to receive the spiritual 
gifts that will surely be offered us by the 
people of Korea. This is a people with a 
cultural history dating back nearly five 
thousand years. Their affinity for 
spirituality is well-known. We can 
expect that, out of this history and 
heritage, they will be among us as 
teachers as well as learners. 

We must seek the counsel of current 
Korean Brethren as we move into this 
mission. Many of these Brethren have a 
deep personal commitment to seeing our 
denomination established in their 
ancestral homeland. They also offer 
invaluable practical assistance in 
bridging the many chasms between our 
two worlds. 

We should be open to establishing our 
denomination in both North and South 
Korea. Prospects for the reunification of 

the Korean peninsula are as bright now 
as at any recent time. We may be able to 
play a role in making this a peaceful 
reconciliation through ministries on both 
sides of the current border. 

And so, given these underlying 
principles and guided by the Spirit of 
God, we proceed toward mission and 
ministry in Korea. A discernment team 
will have made an exploratory visit to 
Korea by the time of the Portland 
Annual Conference. 

Having made this visit and perhaps 
another follow-up visit early next fall, I 
will be prepared to make a recommen- 
dation to the General Board at its 
meeting in October. This proposal will 
outline the manner in which we should 
proceed in addressing the two-pronged 
mandate of the 1 990 Annual Confer- 
ence: in establishing the Church of the 
Brethren in Korea, and in developing 
relationships with the Korean Evangeli- 
cal Church (a small Protestant denomi- 
nation with whom we share many 
similar beliefs and concerns). 

The Church of the Brethren stands at 
yet another border in its denominational 
life. As at any such border, we are bound 
to experience a measure of fear and 
uncertainty. Yet, as at any border, we 
find that our God is fully able to guide 
our passage and to grant us sustenance 
along the way. Let us go forth in 
faith, hope, and love. 


David R. Radcliff is director of Korean ministries 
and peace consultant for the Church of the 
Brethren General Board. 

January 1991 Messenger 11 



by James Benedict 

Several young pastors who serve Church 
of the Brethren congregations in Middle 
Pennsylvania District gather regularly 
for fellowship and mutual support. With 
our spouses and children, we meet 
approximately once a month just to swap 
stories, tell a few jokes, eat sweets, and 
to step out of the pastoral role for a few 

The topics of conversation are wide 
ranging— everything from potty training 
to process theology. But inevitably the 
subject of pastoral transitions arises. We 
share the latest news about our peers in 
other places: who has resigned, who has 
taken a new church, and (with fair 
frequency) who has left the pastorate I 

It was after hearing of several col- 
leagues leaving the pastorate in the past 
few years that 1 grew curious. At times, 
it sounded like a crisis; the pastoral 
ranks of the Church of the Brethren | 
seemed to be hemorrhaging. Aware of 
the chronic shortage of pastors in the 
denomination, I began to suspect that 
pastors leaving the pastorate might be as 
significant a reason for the shortage as 
the more commonly identified failure to 
recruit persons to enter the pastorate. 

Beyond mere curiosity and questions 
about the shortage of pastors was real 
personal concern. Many of those I heard 
had left the pastorate were classmates 
and friends. I remembered their enthusi- 
asm as we left the seminary to begin our 
careers. What had happened? 

Focusing my curiosity and concern, I 
developed a survey to find answers to 
the questions that troubled me. How 
many of my peers had actually left the 
pastorate? Why had they left? Were they 
leaving religious work completely or 

1 2 Messenger January 1 99 1 

only the pastorate? Were those who left 
lost to the pastorate forever? 

With the assistance of Robert Faus, 
the church's consultant for ministry, and 
John Cassel, dean of students at Bethany 
Theological Seminary, I mailed a brief 
survey to 1 25 persons who had gradu- 
ated from Bethany between the years of 
1977 and 1986 with master of divinity 
degrees. Those chosen to receive the 
survey were people who might have held 
a Church of the Brethren pastorate at 
some time since graduation. 

The response to the survey was 
gratifying. Ninety-seven people (77.6 
percent) returned the survey, providing a 
wealth of previously unavailable 
information. Of those who returned the 
survey, six indicated they had never 
entered the pastorate. Thus, the basic 
statistical pool was a group of 9 1 men 
and women who had graduated from 
Bethany between 4 and 14 years ago and 
served as Church of the Brethren pastors. 


uch of what the survey revealed 
was more positive than I had anticipated. 
For example, nearly 80 percent of those 
who had entered the pastorate were 
currently serving in that capacity. 
Almost two-thirds had remained in the 
pastorate continuously, while another 15 
percent had left for a time and later 

i returned. Roughly 1 2 percent more were 
presently working as chaplains, denomi- 
national staff, or executives of other 

, religious agencies. 

Thus, more than 90 percent were still 
in some form of ministry. A vast 
majority were in the pastorate, and 
several of those who weren't had moved 
along as part of a preconceived career 

, plan or in response to what they de- 
scribed as another "calling." 

Even those who were currently out of 
the pastorate gave evidence of continued 
interest in that role. Six of the 19 said 
they were likely to return to the pastor- 
ate; another 1 1 said they might, though it 
was unlikely; and only 2 said they would 
never return. Overall, the survey 
indicated among the respondents a deep 
and abiding commitment to the church 
and to the pastoral ministry. 

Less encouraging, however, was the 
percentage of those who had left the 
pastorate at one time for six weeks or 
more. Thirty-six percent, or more than 
one out of three, had opted out of the 
pastorate after entering. 

More troubling still were the reasons 
they gave. While some advanced 
according to plan or responded to a 
sense of call, most left for less salutary 
reasons. The majority named some 
combination of conflict in or with the 
congregation (48.5 percent), burnout 
(27.3 percent), and inadequate salary 
(21.2 percent) among their motivations 
for leaving. A significant number of 
women mentioned a lack of opportuni- 
ties and/or support for women in 
ministry as a factor in their decision. 

Most who left the pastorate were 
young when they entered and still young 
when they left. The average stay before 
leaving was slightly less than five years. 
All but a handful of those who left 
started in the pastorate while in their late 
20s and left while in their early or mid- 
30s. None of the respondents moved on 
after spending 10 years or more in the 

What began as a simple survey meant 
to satisfy my curiosity became also an 
opportunity for the subject group to vent 
their feelings about serving as Church of 
the Brethren pastors. Besides answers to 
the questions on the survey, I received 

much additional information in the form 
of comments, notes, and even letters 
returned with the survey. 


hirty respondents wrote notes and 
nine wrote letters of a page or more. 
Several wanted to explain special 
circumstances. Many who hadn't left the 
pastorate wrote to say that they had 
considered it seriously, for the same 
reasons given by those who had actually 
left. Some who had left expressed 
appreciation that someone had shown an 
interest. They complained that leaving 
the pastorate seemed to have rendered 
them invisible in the eyes of the church. 

After reading through the surveys and 
the letters, I was left with the impression 
that there was a great deal of frustration 
and dissatisfaction concerning the 
pastorate among the respondents. As a 
group they showed perseverance, but 
they were an unhappy lot. They were, on 
the whole, struggling to find fulfillment 
as pastors. 

Particularly of concern to me are the 
reasons most gave for leaving or 
thinking about leaving: conflict in or 
with the congregation, burnout, and in- 
adequate salary. These concerns deserve 
the attention of the church. I know of no 
quick or painless solution to these 
problems, but I do believe that the 
respondents' descriptions of these 
problems may point us in helpful 

In those cases where respondents 
described the nature of the conflict they 
experienced in or with the congregation, 
it was often rooted in a difference in 
values and expectations. In part, this 
seems to have resulted from a lack of 

(continued on page 18) 

January 1991 Messenger 13 

Good news-bad news 

by Robert E. Faus 

Jim Benedict's study of beginning 
pastors provides us some important 
"good news-bad news" information. 
We can be reassured by the dedication, 
faithfulness and persistence of these 
church leaders. What is troubling 
though, are the signs of discontent 
welling up in so many of these same 
persons, especially the issues which 
seem to be fueling the discontent. 

For over a decade, in my role as 
consultant for ministry in the Church of 
the Brethren, I have been an observer/ 
participant in the start-up of many of 
these same pastors. I offer a few reflec- 
tions from that perspective. 

How does the church value its leader- 
ship? One obvious way is that when it 
employs them in functional ministries 
like pastoral ministry it provides just and 
fair compensation. 

For about 30 years the church has had 
a salary scale and guidelines for structur- 
ing satisfactory agreements between 
congregations and pastors. Yet only 
about a third of our congregations are on 
the recommended scale; many are 
straining to maintain salary support 
levels whether or not they are paying 
scale. Little wonder that the Benedict 
sample reports stress around the matter 
of financial support. 

Stress is also in congregations, 
especially in those congregations 
pouring a high percentage of their 
resources into pastoral support and for 
those calling pastors with many years of 
experience. The rapidly rising health 
costs on the benefit side signal the 
reality that the compensation issue will 
become more rather than less troubling 
in the years ahead. 

There are other ways of valuing 
pastors, more important than money. A 
congregation aware of its inner dynam- 
ics and committed to a mission and 

1 4 Messenger January 1991 

understanding of the variety of cliques 
and sub-groups that make up its mem- 
bership will be ready to affirm the pastor 
as the spiritual guide for everyone. Yet 
we know that pastors are often placed in 
the middle of ongoing and often long- 
standing family, personal, or theological 
feuds which, if handled undiplomati- 
cally, result in stress for the pastor or 
even termination of the pastorate. 

Congregations value their pastors 
when their understanding of ministry 
(their own and the pastor's) grows out of 
the biblical image of gifts in the body of 
Christ rather than a secular employment 
model in which a ministiy specialist is 
hired to do all of the work. Pastors are 
affirmed when they know that strengths 
in ministry have been sought and 

Congregations value 
their pastors when 
their understanding 
ofministij grows out 
of the biblical 
image of gifts in the 
body of Christ. 

In analyzing the findings in his study, 
Jim Benedict does not mention one fact 
that could be at the heart of some of the 
latent problems he discovered: First 
pastorates are notoriously stressful. 

Students, even with the advantage of 
summer pastorates, internships, and 
concurrent ministries, move from an 
academic laboratory to a congregational 
setting. Beginning pastors are filled with 
a sense of the call, they are on a spiritual 
high, and they are eager to put into 
practice many good ideas. 

Congregations have a history of their 
own and have seen a series of pastors 
come and go and function at their own 
pace. A year or two into the pastorate, 
start-up pastors wonder why they 
haven't been more effective and congre- 
gations discover yet another pastor who 
isn't the "messiah." 

What should be refreshing realism for 
both pastor and congregation leading 
them to a relaxed assessment of their 
mutual ministry in the service of God in 
that place often instead becomes the first 
hints of disappointment in their relation 

Neill Hamilton, for a decade a 
researcher of pastoral beginnings, says 
that the first three to five years of 
pastoral ministry are critical. If the 
church wants to perform a very valuable f 
service in conserving pastoral leadership 
it should pay much more attention to 
new pastors. 

Bethany Seminary is on target with its 
advanced pastoral seminars, bringing 
back graduates after three years in a 
pastorate and adding non-Bethany 
graduates to the list of invited partici- 
pants. Three different districts have 
appropriately conducted new pastor 
retreats for almost a decade. And severall 
districts on their own are providing 
mentors and spiritual shepherding for 
new pastors on that first journey. 

I have wondered whether the church 
should enter a partnership with Bethany 
to have practical ministries in a start-up 
congregation become an extension of the' 
seminary's theoretical, theological, and 
biblical preparation. That way start-up 
congregations would be participants in 
the development of competencies, and 
start-up pastors would feel less pressure 
to be expert in everything when 
they begin their service. 


Robert E. Faus is the Church of the Brethren 
General Board's consultant for ministry. 

Ministry together 

by John Cassel 

Each fall and spring the Bethany 
Seminary faculty and staff are inspired 
and renewed by the commitment and 
enthusiasm of new students and graduat- 
ing seniors. It is gratifying to read Jim 
Benedict's data indicating that 90 
percent of our master of divinity grads 
are active in ministry and that 80 percent 
are serving in pastoral ministry. The data 
is all the more impressive when one 
realizes that many persons in our culture 
experience three to five career changes 
over a lifetime. 

Bethany takes seriously its role in 
educating persons for the various 
ministries of the church. Part of this role 
is in the training and formation of "set- 
apart" ministers. But, wisely, the 
Church of the Brethren has never iden- 
tified its strength by looking solely to its 

In July 1990 the board of Bethany 
Theological Seminary adopted a "Part- 
nership Vision" of theological educa- 
tion. The board was expressing its strong 
consensus that a partnership of mutuality 
represented the best way for Bethany 
and the church to think about the 
theological education of church leaders 
and church members. Jim Benedict's 
article allows us to explore some of what 
a partnership vision might mean. 

What shape does ministry take in the 
iChurch of the Brethren? What does 
Iministry mean in our cultural and 
historical time? The recent Lilly-funded 
research of the seminary and the General 
;Board points to some wonderful heritage 
resources and some difficult issues. The 
Church of the Brethren has a strong and 
rich heritage in terms of ministry and 

i:alling to ministry. Yet, these are hard 
imes for the church. As a denomination 
ve are experiencing a declining mem- 
oership. With all Christian churches we 
;are facing an ever more secular world. 

The place of religion and the church in 
our society is confused. North American 
affluence offers a powerful seduction to 
our values and commitments. 

We are also reminded that the Church 
of the Brethren does not have substantial 
years of experience with full-time. 

Together we can have 
strong congregations. 
Together we can 
discover Gods will 
for the church in our 
time. Together we can 
be Gods people. 

professional, "career" ministry. Many 
Brethren know that a competent and 
effective pastor can do much to enhance 
the life and vitality of a congregation. 
There is less consensus regarding the 
challenge of pastoral ministry. What can 
we expect from those we ask to provide 
pastoral leadership? What can they 
expect from the congregation? These are 
questions still being hammered out on 
the anvil of experience. 

New patterns of ministry and hard 
times for the church beg the question. 
How has the church and seminary 
responded to the new realities of our 
time? At least two signposts come to 

a) Some 20 years ago, Bethany 
introduced a style of education that 
attempted to address the multiplicity of 
skills and abilities required by pastoral 
leadership. In recent years these con- 
cerns have evolved into the Ministry 
Sequence courses. Central to these ways 
of organizing the curriculum is a 
concern to provide students with people 

skills, an appropriate self-understanding, 
and the means to keep growing across 
their years in ministry. 

b) Student indebtedness (gathered 
through four years of college and three 
years of graduate school) has grown in 
alarming ways in the past decade. While 
the Bethany board has attempted to 
address this particular issue, the finances 
of ministry and ministry preparation 
remain troubling. 

A 25-year-old seminary student in 
1991 could well be active in ministry 
into the year 2035 and beyond— in a new 
world demanding new skills. Bethany's 
curriculum is designed to enable 
graduates to understand and work within 
a variety of cultural and ethnic contexts 
—including points as diverse as Jim 
Benedict's rather homogeneous congre- 
gation in New Enterprise, Fa., and the 
urban congregations in Nigeria to which 
our Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria 
students are likely to return. 

Brethren have always relied for 
guidance on both the inspiration of the 
Holy Spirit and the disciplining commu- 
nity of the church. Together— as persons 
of faith, as congregations, as districts, as 
institutions— we can call, train, and 
support persons in ministry. Together, 
we can grow in our understandings of 
scripture. Together we can have strong 
congregations. Together we can provide 
a context where each member can think 
about career and calling. Together we 
can discover God's will for the church in 
our time. Together we can be God's 

But when each part— whether each 
Christian, each pastor, each congrega- 
tion, each district, or each school— is left 
to its own devices, then we will fall like 
Humpty-Dumpty, never to 
come together again. 


John Cassel is dean of students at Bethany 
Theological Seminary, Oak Brook. III. 

January 1991 Messenger 15 


the call 

by Kathy S. Hauger 

Why do pastors leave? The statistics 
from Jim Benedict's survey provide a 
foundation for thought. His article (page 
12} builds upon that foundation by 
explaining some of the numbers and 
placing them into categories. 

The following thumbnail sketches of 
selected pastors help us move from 
statistics to individuals, in an attempt to 
better understand the answer to the 
survey question. 

In all of these vignettes is a sincere 
attempt to maintain integrity and 
continue following God's leading. Faith, 
while shaken perhaps, seems never to 
have been lost. After listening to these 
stories, we are reminded that these are 
not the only times that God has taken 
seeming defeat and turned it into victory. 

Irving Glover 

Following God's leading is Irving 
Glover's goal, whether it takes him into, 
out of, back into, or back out of the 
pastorate. He clearly states his belief that 
"God's call is not static" any more than 
is God's Spirit. 

Drawn to the Brethren in his youth, 
Irving felt God's leading through his 
initial 13 years in pastoral ministry and 
his subsequent move into the music sales 
industry. After four years of success in 
the music business, he began to feel 
God's prompting to reenter the pastorate. 
Floating his minister's profile brought 
him to a call to the Daleville congrega- 
tion in Virginia. 

After 10 years he again felt God's 
prompting to move. This time, not clear 
whether God wanted him in the pastorate 
or out, Irving explored both options. He 
turned down a concrete offer in the 
music sales industry because it just 
didn't feel like God wanted him there. 

Leaving a certain opportunity for 
uncertain searching, Irving waited while 
his profile continued to circulate and 
substitute taught in the meantime. 
Finally, an invitation came from the 
Midland (Va.) church. It felt right to him 
and it felt right to them. Irving Glover 
returned to the pastorate. 

"Being in the pastorate does not mean 
you have to say, 'Whoopie!' You're 
there because you're called to be there." 
The important thing, he says, is to 
remain open to the continuing moving 
Spirit of God. 

Barb Lahman & Gary Hogle 

Barb Lahman and her husband, Gary 
Hogle, were in the pastorate as a team 
until their decision to leave, over three 
years ago. Barb now stays home full- 
time with their two children. Gary works 
full-time as site superintendent for a Girl 
Scout camp. 

They experienced the pastorate in 
different ways. For Gary, the wife- 
husband team ministry is not a workable 
model for pastoral ministry. Though he 
believes the congregation found the 
arrangement workable and perhaps even 
enjoyable, he would not recommend it. 

He began to question the experience 
during the second year of his position. 
After his third year he began looking 
elsewhere. Exploring camping as an | 
alternative to the pastoral ministry, Gary 
accepted a position at a camp only an 
hour away from his previous pastorate. 
He enjoys his work, is glad now that it is 
"secular," and is happy with the 
direction their lives are taking. | 

Barb found the team model of minis- 
try more workable than did Gary. 
Though it's not likely, she doesn't rule 
out returning to the pastoral ministry. If 
she enters the pastoral ministry again, it 
might easily be as part of a pastoral 
team. She resigned her position as pastoi 
when she discovered she was pregnant, 
before Gary had decided to resign. She 
jokes that when Gary resigned the 
congregation was confused: he couldn't 
be pregnant! 

Like Gary, Barb is glad for her 
decision and likes what she is doing. Yei 
there are times when she struggles with 
her choice. As a pastor she found herself 
a well-respected professional. As an at- ' 
home mom in an area where she has mei 
few professional women, she has found 
quite an adjustment to make. 

1 6 Messenger January 1991 


Judy Georges 

Judy Georges only recently left the Ivy 
Farms Church of the Brethren in Virgin- 
ia to become campus minister at the 
University of La Verne, in California. 

Her move was motivated by a desire 
to head west to be closer to family and a 
big-city atmosphere. While Judy loves 
the pastorate, she is pleased at the 
professional opportunity to be able to 
diversify her resume. She doesn't rule 
out pursuing a Ph.D. at some point, and 
believes she is opening herself to a wider 
range of ministries than if she had 
remained in the pastorate. 

But she has "a strong sense I will 
some day return to the parish, because I 
love and always will love the parish. Ivy 
Farms, take that personally!" 

Ken Bomberger 

To Ken Bomberger, God's call has been 
to be a self-supporting pastor, a ' 'free 
minister." So, while it may appear that 
he has left the pastorate for secular 
employment, he continues to see himself 
as being called to the pastoral ministry 
and as answering that call. 

For eight years Ken pastored as a 
partially salaried minister. When the 
;ongregation chose to go to a full-time 
Dastor, he felt led to focus full time on 
lis photography business and to leave 
he salaried ministry. Remaining a 
nember of the congregation. Ken "laid 
ow" for a couple of years. He is now 
actively involved in a growing children 
ind youth ministry in that church, as 
jvell as managing a thriving photography 
Many questions remain for Ken. There 
re few clear signals to guide him, as he 
eeks to follow his call from God to be a 
jelf-supporting pastor. Yet he is very 
'ertain about one thing— that he has not 
;ft the ministry. 

Cindy Weber-Han 

Cindy Weber-Han was a pastor for 12 
years. Even while enjoying a successful 
pastorate, though, she began to question 
the pastoral experience. 

The questions became stronger after 
she was called to a new assignment and 
found herself placed in an unexpected 
congregational "hornet's nest." Finally, 
she says, she chose to follow God's 
leading toward a healthier position after 
becoming increasingly frustrated and 
experiencing broken promises and 

Cindy does not rule out returning 
some day to the pastorate she left four 
years ago. She continues to feel called 
into the ministry. But today she is 
answering that call by counseling drug- 
and alcohol-dependent people through 
Lutheran Social Services of Illinois, 
working largely with the homeless and 
societally marginal. 

In addition to her concern for those 
she counsels, Cindy has concern for the 
health of the pastoral system. She 
believes that, as a pastor, she was 
encouraged to become so involved with 
taking care of everyone else that a 
healthy sense of self was in danger of 
being lost, and she sees this in other 
pastors today. 

Dean Miller 

In his many years as a pastor. Dean 
Miller has never left the pastorate. 
Would he ever consider leaving? His 
answer is a qualified no. 

Toward the end of his last pastorate. 
Dean began to realize that his age might 
work against him. While he wanted to 
remain in the pastorate, he considered 
other forms of ministry because he 
figured congregations might want a 
younger pastor. In the middle of his 
searching, he received a call from the 
Mountville (Pa.) church, where he now 

Dean feels that he's had "good, 
challenging pastorates" that have 
allowed him the freedom to bring his 
personality into his work. But pastoring 
can be draining, he says, because of the 
diverse expectations of parishioners. To 
counter the drain. Dean works at times 
of recharging. He carves out time when 
he can "let his hair down" with good 
friends or pursue personal interests. This 
way he'll be able to remain in the 
pastorate as long as he feels called 


Freelance writer Kathy Hauger. an ordained 
Church of the Brethren minister, lives in Chester, 



January 1991 Messenger 17 

(continued from page 13) 

As a denomination, we are aggres- 
sively promoting urban ministry. We 
often focus on understanding other 
cultures and ethnic groups, and it is a 
priority among our leadership that the 
seminary remain in at least a suburban 
(if not urban) setting. 

But the reality for many seminary 
graduates is that their first church is in a 
homogeneous white, traditional, and 
rural setting. The seminary offers 
courses in urban ministry, black, and 
even Native American culture. Students 
are taught to understand and appreciate 
the values of these settings and peoples. 
But it is assumed that they understand 
and appreciate the culture and values of 
the rural Brethren with predominantly 
German ancestry whom they frequently 
find themselves ministering to after they 
leave the seminary. 

Very often they do not understand the 
people they are called to serve, nor are 
they prepared for the isolation of rural 
settings. Many are accustomed to greater 
cultural and educational opportunities 
and more simple conveniences than are 
available to them. Also, few are lucky 
enough to find readily available peers to 
provide support. While many of the 
frustrations of ministering in a rural 
setting cannot be avoided, it may at least 
be possible to prepare pastors better to 
meet them. 

The problem of burnout, the second 
most common complaint of pastors who 
have left or have considered leaving the 
pastorate, may also be treatable— in this 
instance, not so much by the seminary 
through preparation as by the congrega- 
tion through expressions of appreciation 
and support. The surveys revealed quite 
clearly that burnout was not a result of 
long hours and high expectations alone. 

Rather than see burnout as simply a 
matter of the pastor working too hard, 
driven either by inner needs or external 
pressures, it is more helpful to view 
burnout as an instance in which positive 
reinforcement from all sources (congre- 
gation, spouse, family and friends, 
district, denomination at large) is 

1 8 Messenger January 1991 

insufficient to support the level of 
activity and energy output required of 
the pastor by those same sources. 

In short, burnout occurs when stress 
overwhelms a person's coping resources 
—that are in part a product of positive 
reinforcement. A congregation does not 
always control all the sources of stress in 
a pastor's life. The congregation can 
control the demands they place on their 
pastor professionally. But health 
problems, marital troubles, and personal 
debt (all of which may be unrelated to 
the pastor's work) can also create stress. 
So, too, can a growing family or the 
death of a loved one. 

While the congregation cannot always 
control the sources of the stress that may 
lead to burnout, it can balance the 
equation by adding support and affirma- 
tion when the pastor is under stress. 
Regular attendance, a note of apprecia- 
tion, an offer to watch the children so 
that the pastor and the spouse can spend 
time together alone, even a simple pat 
on the back— all can help prevent 

X inally, there is the issue of inadequate 
salary. One in five who left named it as a 
significant reason for leaving the 
pastorate. Pastors are notoriously sensi- 
tive about money matters. They don't 
get into the pastorate to get rich, yet they 
do expect to be supported at a fair rate. 
Most pastors I know dread the annual 
review of salary and benefits as much or 
more than their church boards do. 

The survey indicated that most pastors 
who left because of inadequate salary 
were being paid less than scale and felt 
forced to fight for every penny they 
received. They were accused of being 
mercenaries. Yet it seemed to them that 
the church boards or executive commit- 
tees were always more willing to ask 
them to make a large sacrifice than to 
ask all the members of the congregation 
to make much smaller sacrifices in order 
to provide the money for the pastor's 

Before churches play hardball in 

salary negotiations with their pastors, 
they may want to take note of the 
Bureau of Labor statistics. According to 
the most recent government figures, 
clergy rank near the bottom among 
professionals in median weekly earnings 
Office machine repairers, postal clerks, 
plumbers, and laboratory technicians all 
have median weekly incomes higher 
than those of clergy, without putting in 
three years of graduate school after four 
years of college. Pastors are a bargain, 
relatively speaking. 

What pastors really want when it 
comes to salary is only to feel that they 
are treated fairly and with respect. They 
understand that congregations go 
through financial crises and in most 
cases are willing to share the burden of 
the crisis by increasing their contribu- 
tions along with the rest of the congrega 
tion's members. What they resent is 
being asked to bear the burden alone. 

This survey of pastors who leave the 
local church setting seemed to touch a 
nerve among many who serve or have 
served our denomination. The group 
surveyed is already well represented 
among our denominational leadership 
and is likely to become better represent- 
ed as the years pass. It behooves the 
church to listen closely to these pastors 
and former pastors as they describe thei) 
experiences. The response of the i 

denomination and of local churches will 
have an impact not only on the retention 
of pastors but on the quality of ministry ' 
congregations receive and on the ! 

recruitment of new pastors. 

First Timothy reminds us, "If anyone 
sets his heart on being an overseer 
(pastor), he desires a noble task" (NIV> 
The men and women among us who 
have been called to this noble task need! 
the support, understanding, and respect 
of the church at large. All of that de- 
pends on open, honest communication. 
Through the survey, the pastors have 
spoken. May those to whom and with 
whom they minister respond 
in grace. 


James Benedict is pastor of the New Enterprise 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 

Spying out a strange land 

Couples in co-ministry 

by Dan and Cindy Bamum-Steggerda 

"The Lord said to Moses, 'Send men to 
spy out the land of Canaan, which I am 
giving to the Israelites.' " 

Moses sends his scouts out to "see 
what the land is like, and whether the 
people who live in it are strong or weak, 
whether they are few or many, and 
whether the land they live in is good or 
bad, and whether the towns that they live 
in are unwalled or fortified, and whether 
the land is rich or poor, and whether 
there are trees in it or not. Be bold, and 
bring some of the fruit of the land" 
(Num. 13). 

Last year, at a seminar held at Beth- 
any Theological Seminary and spon- 
sored by the General Board, this scrip- 
ture passage opened our conference on 
clergy couples in co-ministry. "Spying 
out a strange land" is what it's like for 
clergy couples in co-ministry and, quite 
likely, for the congregations they serve. 

Our leaders were Jim and Jo Carole 
Bundy, who have been in co-ministry for 
16 years in the United Church of Christ. 
Their congregation is a small one on the 
west side of Chicago. To enhance our 
discussions, the number of couples at the 
conference was limited to 10. Other 
couples registered but were turned away. 

Although the geographic locations, 
districts, and church sizes differed, many 
of the issues and concerns that we lifted 
up at the seminar were similar. As we 
shared our reflections on what it is like 
to be in co-ministry with our spouses, 
these common issues, both positive and 
negative, emerged. 

The issue of time has many dimen- 
sions. Pastors, as a rule, spend a lot of 
time working. Co-ministry couples are 

no different. Instead of just one pastor, 
now there are two. And although they 
are both part-time, both pastors put in 
hours that reflect the old "two for the 
price of one" adage. 
This problem of too many work hours 

is an issue not only for the couple and 
their families to grapple with. The 
congregation and solo pastors following 
a team need to be aware of this issue. 
What's fair to the couple and their 
families? What's fair to the congrega- 

January 1991 Messenger 19 

tion? What's fair to those who follow 

When speaking of time, we must 
consider work time versus family time 
versus couple time versus individual 
time. Each requires its share of quality 
attention. Work time is important, to 
serve the congregation and God. As 
good stewards and as disciples of Christ, 
we need to model good use of time in all 
areas of our lives. When one area gets 
too much time, other areas suffer and are 

A good example of this is called 
conflation. Simply put, this means 
bringing work issues home and home 
issues to work. There is little or no 
differentiation between work and home 
life. Sometimes this is lived out in our 
bedroom by discussing church matters. 
When church completely invades the 
home life, children can be shut out and 
feel excluded. The problems increase 
when congregations have difficulty 
remembering what the boundaries 
between home and church are. 

There are time advantages in the 
clergy couple model, too. One of these 
advantages can be seen in couples that 
have children. Parenting is shared, which 
enhances the care and nurture of the 
child and minimizes the need for paid 
child care. Another advantage comes 
when one or both spouses want to try 
additional ministry opportunities or other 
interests. Some of the couples have 
explored teaching, counseling, writing, 
and accounting. 

Another common issue is identity. We 
each have a hard enough time claiming 
an identity for ourselves as ministers. 
For many of us, being a part of a clergy 
couple is our first experience in pastoral 
ministry. For some of us, one is just 
entering the pastoral ministry while the 
spouse has already had years of experi- 
ence. For women, being a part of a 
clergy couple in co-ministry could be 
their only way to have a pastoral 

The pastor's wife syndrome was 
discussed, but most felt that this problem 

20 Messenger January 1991 

lessened as the congregations became 
more comfortable with the co-ministry 
model. For most, but not all, couples, the 
woman in ministry gained pastoral 
identity by preaching half of the time. 

The identity that we have as a married 
couple, as a family, and as individuals 
seems to be put on hold in order to 
concentrate on the professional identity 
of each person. Identity issues seemed to 
increase if the couples were newly 
married and new to the co-ministry 
model. Couples who have recently 
married are dealing with identity issues 
of single versus married in addition to 
the other identity issues above. 

An identity question brought up during 
our seminar had to do with whether we 
are "pastor" or "pastors." If Cindy 
visits someone in the hospital, was Dan 
there to visit too, or was one of the 
pastors there and Dan is expected to do 
his own visit? This question affects not 
only the identity issue— "who is the 
pastor?" or "who are the pastors?"— but 
also the issue of time and the duplication 
of efforts and duties. Couples and 
congregations need to struggle with this 

We have named the final issue 
complementation. This means division of 
tasks or duties. Couples divided duties 
differently, but gifts and interests were 
always a major criterion. Being able to 
divide duties based on gifts and interests 
is a definite advantage to the couple and 
the congregation. 

Preaching did seem to be divided 
equally, with one exception. Other areas 
of ministry such as administration, 
visitation coordination, youth, Christian 
education, witness, and nurture were 
split based on skill and interest. Some 
couples also seemed to divide office 
time based usually on who was preach- 
ing because they shared an office. Some 
even shared a desk. 

All the couples seemed to highlight 
the positive aspects of co-ministry 
because of the ability to divide duties 
based on skills and interests, likes and 
dislikes. It seems as though the congre- 

gations can benefit from complementc 
tion too! 

The flip side of the complementatio 
issue has to do with power and who he 
it. More simply asked: "Who's in 
charge?" One way that our congrega- 
tion, the Christian Church Uniting, ha 
dealt with this power issue was to buil 
both of us offices. They also changed 
location of the pastor's office so that £ 
power associated with that space was 
negated. The "Who's in charge?" 
question seems to be one that is in a 
constant state of negotiation by the 
couple and by the congregation. More 
important than "who is in charge" is 
that someone is in charge so that detai 
and people don't slip through the crac 

As the seminar progressed one thinj 
became increasingly clear. It is crucia 
for clergy couples to find support both 
outside and inside their congregations 
We also felt that congregations need 
support and guidance as they "spy ou' 
this new land." This seminar was a gr 
way to begin the important dialog and 
support between clergy couples. We 
recommend that such a seminar be 
offered again for the many other clerg 
couples in the denomination. 

We also recommend that two insigh 
sessions be offered at Annual Confer- 
ence—one for congregations who have 
clergy couple as pastor or are considei 
ing calling a clergy couple, and one fc 
clergy couples. 

In the Church of the Brethren we ha 
at least 40 clergy couples in co-minist 
and 10 couples in ministry serving 
different congregations or church-relai 
institutions. We ask that the Church ol 
the Brethren ' 'pay attention to clergy 
couples," as we continue our mission 
ministry together. As a denomination ' 
have tremendous leadership and pastoi 
care possibilities. Clergy couples n 
are a gift to the church. L_ 

Dan and Cindy Barnum-Steggerda are pastor 
of Christian Church Uniting Church, Virginia 
Beach, Va.. a combined United Church of Christ 
Church of the Brethren congregation. Both are 
graduates of Bethany Theological Seminary. 


Glennis and Ernest Walker 

by Karla Boyers 

Dick Buckwalter chuckles, remembering 
the phone calls he and his wife, Anita, 
have received over the past 14 years 
while serving as co-pastors at the 
Lansing (Mich.) First congregation. The 
phone calls came from persons outside 
their congregation asking for "pastor 

"At first, Anita would hand the phone 
over to me by habit," says Dick, who 
pastored solo for three years previous to 
their working as a team. "So I had to 
start saying, 'There's two of us here. 
Which one did you want?' " 

While they've been around for awhile 
now, co-pastors, team ministers, clergy 
couples (or whatever else one may call 
them), for many, still seem to take some 
getting used to. 

For John and Janice Kulp Long, who 
entered the pastoral ministry together 
two years ago, both felt very little 
hesitation from the Center congregation 
in Louisville, Ohio, to try them as a 
team. "There was a period of time when 
I was introduced as 'the pastor's wife' " 
says Jan, "though the members were 
very good at correcting themselves 
almost as soon as they slipped. ' ' 

Pattie Stem, who has served as co- 
district executive for Pacific Southwest 
along with her husband, Irven, for 
almost six years, has met with similar 
response. "In the beginning, I often 
overheard someone saying, 'I want you 
to come meet our district executive and 
his wife.' " 

"Sometimes I think it's more a matter 
of attitudinal barriers than theological 
ones," says Irven. 

January 1991 Messenger 21 

Phillip and Louise (Louie) Rieman are 
prime examples of broken barriers. 
Louie, who soloed for five years while 
Phil maintained the household, was then 
joined by Phil in ministering to the 
Ivester church in Grundy Center, Iowa, 
where they've been the past five years. 

"When we first started as a team," 
says Louie, "Phil was uncomfortable at 
times because members of the con- 
gregation tended to look to him, as the 
male, for leadership, when in actuality I 
had more pastoring experience." 

Just how did these couples get in- 
volved in their "partnerships?" For John 
and Jan Long, they weren't even 
considering it. Attending seminary for 
reasons of personal growth, and neither 
having the intention of pastoring, it was 
in the "gradual awareness of our gifts 
and abilities that we felt we should make 
ourselves available as a team, sensing 
the need for leadership in the church," 
says Jan. 

Ernest and Glennis Walker, both 
retired at the time, felt a call to "fill the 
gaps," of an open church, believing that 
what they couldn't do alone could be 
accomplished together. They had to 
move a long way from their home, 
children, and grandchildren in Kentucky, 
when they made the decision to take a 
three-year pastoral commitment with the 
Worthington congregation in Reading, 
Minn., drawn by the realization that if 
they weren't there to fill the pulpit, it 
just might remain empty. 

Dick and Anita Smith Buckwalter 
approached their congregation with the 
idea of working as a team. "After the 
birth of our first son, Anita was wanting 
still to be involved professionally," says 
Dick, "and I wanted to have more time 
with Nathan. So for us, the idea emerged 
from our family situation. We were 
hoping to somehow share parenting and 
professional roles." 

Between them, both Jerry and Becky 
Baile Grouse have had several separate 
experiences in interim positions, summer 
pastorates, and working as youth direc- 

22 Messenger January 1991 

tors. But when they talked about long- 
range pastoral positions, they looked 
ahead to family and felt that, for them, it 
would be important to share a congrega- 
tion. So they put out their profile as a 
team, and are now halfway into their 
third year of serving the Antioch 
congregation in Rocky Mount, Va. 

When an opening came up for district 
executive in their area, Pattie and Irven 
Stem received separate letters asking 
them to consider the position. Both read 
the letters and laid them aside— inter- 
ested, but certainly not something they'd 
think of attempting alone. Then one day, 
Irven called Pattie and said, "What do 
you think about doing this together?" 

"As for congregational response," 
says Phil Rieman, "I sense that team 
ministry is not a fast-growing movement 
in the denomination, though I think it's 
steadily being seen as a viable alterna- 

And while certain tensions still seem 
to exist within the denomination con- 
cerning the "female factor" of ministry 
(language being noted as among the 
larger hurdles faced by women), the 
overall response, at least from the 
congregations involved, seems to be 
widely supportive. 


'ick Buckwalter, who has been active 
in the rewriting of hymns and other 
materials used in their congregation's 
worship, feels his part in the issue of 
female ministry is one of being an 
advocate for women in leadership. "In 
my scriptural understanding of my 
position, men are called to be about the 
affirming of the gifts of the sisters." 

Some have found transitions rather 
smooth. Glennis Walker was a pastor's 
wife a long time before becoming a 
pastor. As far as a change in role, she 
feels she "does a lot of the same things 
as before, only now in an official 

"I think we have to realize," says 
Jerry Grouse, "that team ministry has 

been around a long time— it just hasn't 
been called that. And I think any spousei 
of a pastor can tell you that." 

Perhaps just being able to name it has 
been a relief to some. Pattie Stem, also 
having spent significant time as a 
pastor's wife since the days when she 
and Irven were first missionaries in 
Nigeria, now feels that her role is less 

"As the pastor's wife it is sometimes 
hard to know what others expect of you. 
Now I'm in a position where I'm free to 
flesh out my gifts and talents, and 
somehow, for me, there's more of a 
feeling of having been called." 

So what's in it for the church? "Op- 
tions," says John Long. Like many 
pastors and pastoral teams, he and Jan 
offer counseling services, and consider i 
an invaluable plus to give members the 
choice between a male and female 
perspective, realizing preference and the 
multitude of past experiences, oftentime 
painful, which may make a person 
uncomfortable disclosing problems or 
concems with one or the other sex. 

"I think it lends a sense of integrity, 
especially when we do marital or 
premarital counseling," says Louie 
Rieman. ' 'The impression is given that 
we won't ask them to process anything 
we haven't or aren't willing to do 

"Working as a team allows the 
congregation different perspectives," 
says Jan Long. "They don't have to 
listen to just one of us in the pulpit time 
after time. The change keeps them 
attentive. ' ' 

One thing seems certain. For those 
congregations that have either sensed . 
the need to tum in the direction of a fl 
shared ministry, or for those that have 
ventured on speculation that it may be 
something worthwhile for them to try, 
there seems to be the overall impression 
of a mutually beneficial relationship at 

For the Riemans, it has been a "good 
marriage for both," says Phil, noting 

'^attie and Irven Stern harmonize during a Pacific Southwest district board retreat. 

heir strong stance on war tax resistance 
IS a challenge their congregation has had 
wrestle with. "One of our biggest joys 
n this congregation," says Phil, "is the 
;upport we've felt in asking the church 

cooperate with us on this conviction, 
'erhaps because there are two of us, this 
las allowed them to be less hesitant, 
mowing that if one of us is arrested, the 
)ulpit can still be filled." 

For Dick Buckwalter, the plus has 
)een in sharing yet another level of 
ntimacy with his wife. "It's great to be 

1 co-worker with your friend, lover, 
vife, and co-parent." Anita would add 
hat the partnership has kept their 
narriage commitment vibrant. "Sharing 
n ministry keeps us working and current 
it other issues in our marriage because 
t's hard to get a task accomplished with 
lirty dishes in the way." 

For Jerry Crouse, a benefit has been 
he relief from constant pastoral respon- 
ibilities. "The awesomeness of having 

do sermon preparation and preach 
ach week is alleviated in the context of 

1 team. Sometimes I need a break, and 
vith Becky there, I can get one." 

Just how the nitty-gritty of negotiating 
responsibilities is worked out varies 
somewhat from couple to couple. For the 
Stems, "the work seems to divide itself 
naturally," says Pattie. She and Irven 
share the responsibility of one commis- 
sion and split the remaining four, though 
each often fills in for the other. 

"When we're called on to be guest 
speakers at a congregation, or have 
responsibilities to perform ordination 
services, we tend to write the text 
together. First we talk through what we 
want to say. Then one writes, and the 
other edits. In the end, we both feel the 
benefit in having worked through it 
together," says Pattie. 

The Riemans, who had heard before 
that people will regard as pastor the one 
who preaches most, decided to take turns 
giving the sermon, as most pastoral 
teams seem to do. "Basically, the one 
not preaching spends the first day in the 
office and the rest of the week at home 
maintaining the household," says Louie. 
"The one preaching is usually in the 
office the rest of the week." 

A similiar arrangement is shared by 

John and Jan Long, looking ahead three 
to six months to make a working 
schedule, keeping in mind family events 
and other outside commitments such as 
Jan's participation as district peace 

For most couples, administrative 
duties are either shared or divided 
according to particular interests, talents, 
or experience. Visitation may be shared 
or divided, as is leadership in special 
services. "One of the biggest joys for 
me," says Jan, "is performing a 
wedding ceremony as a team. There 
seems to be such a model of partnership 

Working together as a team within the 
same congregation is not for everyone, 
however. Tim and Beth Sollenberger 
Mophew, who met at Bethany Seminary, 
had discussed the option, but never 
seriously considered it. Yet both felt 
called to do pastoral ministry. So now on 
Sunday mornings, Tim preaches at the 
more rural West Charleston church in 
Tipp City, Ohio, while Beth gives the 
sermon to the urban Mack Memorial 
congregation about 18 miles away in 

"We knew we wouldn't do well 
working together," says Beth. "We're 
both territorial, and clarity of role is 
important for us. And as a woman in 
ministry, it's important for me to be able 
to have a clear understanding of myself 
as pastor." 

' This is the set-up that works best for 
us," says Tim. "When Beth comes 
home with a difficult situation, I feel I 
can lend more objectivity, since I exist 
outside the problem. In a sense, we're 
our own two-person support group. Then 
too, we wanted to be outside the mind 
games— which can exist when working in 
the same congregation— of who's in 
charge. This way Beth doesn't get 
referred to as the 'pastor's wife,' 
except," he laughs, "at the West 
Charleston congregation, where she is." 

Likewise, there may be a right and a 
wrong time to "team." Jan Long feels a 

January 1991 Messenger 23 

definite advantage is that they were 
married 12 years before venturing into 
the team capacity. "We were in touch 
with ourselves and each other before- 
hand, so the transition seemed rather 
smooth. Though I'm sure it could be 
done, I can only imagine the intensity of 
the struggle in being newly married and 
tackling ministry as a couple at the same 


. nd taking a team pastorate in their 
senior years, Glennis and Ernest Walker 
prove that it's never too late to consider 
the option. "1 can see where, financially, 
working as a team in ministry could be a 
real struggle when you're a young 
couple with children," says Ernest. "I 
strongly believe there is a real need and 
calling for older couples who are at a 
point in life where they have a world of 
experience to share, and who are 
physically and financially able, to 
become involved in ministry." 

As couples in team ministry know 
only too well, church and personal lives 
can sometimes intermesh. 

While the Riemans enjoy the flexibil- 
ity with home life that team ministry can 
offer, the reality of pastoring a congrega- 
tion often involves odd hours with 
evening meetings. 

"I think the hardest time for me in 
juggling work and family was when I 
held an interim position outside our 
congregation," says Louie. "There just 
didn't seem to be enough of me to go 
around. Even when the kids get older, 
they still need you around to unload." 

Most couples would stress the need for 
good communication with congregations 
to form reasonable boundaries and time 
commitment expectations, as well as the 
need to be aware, as a couple, of the 
' 'two-for-the-price-of-one" pitfall. 

The Buckwalters have pretty much 
formed the habit of taking off Mondays 
and reserving that as their "couple 
time." In addition, Anita does her best 
to take one day a month for an individ- 

24 Messenger January 1991 

ual "retreat," finding a place where she 
can spend the day with her Bible and 
journal in silence, meditation, and 

Jerry and Becky Grouse have made a 
habit of keeping track of the hours they 
work. "Each week we review what 
we've done with our time. It helps us to 
avoid bum-out if we can actually see 
how much time we've put in and 
where," says Jerry. "And our congrega- 
tion is good with encouraging us to take 
time off to compensate." 

For a couple like the Stems, work and 
play can often seem one and the same. 
"In a district like the Pacific Southwest, 
when we travel to certain congregations 
for a licensing or an ordination, we may 
be driving for a whole day just to get 
there," says Irven. So they make good 
use of their time, with a dictaphone 
hooked to the cigarette lighter, and a 
laptop typewriter that mns on batteries. 
"But we have fun along the way, and 
will sometimes incorporate little side 
trips on our way back home," says 
Irven. "In the end, it has to be fun." 

All couples would agree, it seems, that 
the support and love they've felt from 
their congregations have been over- 
whelming—from surprise weekend 
getaways, to monetary gifts for a trip 
back to Nigeria, right down to a loaf of 
homemade bread left on the doorstep. 

The message of team ministry? 
Apparently just that— TEAM. Says Louie 
Rieman, "The feeling of a team is that 
all of us together are ministers to one 

Dick Buckwalter says that, for him, 
one of the biggest joys in co-pastoring 
with Anita has been in watching mem- 
bers of their congregation become 
increasingly comfortable with many 
different individuals taking leadership. 
"It's exciting to be part of a model that 
works to enable that team spirit as a 
whole, and to sense that taking shape in 
the worship community." 

"It's really a variation on the same 
theme," says Jerry Grouse. "The 

Ghurch of the Brethren theology has 
always been the priesthood of all 
believers. So in a sense, having team 
pastors in ministry is not such a new 

"And I think it depends on how you 
define 'team,' " says Beth SoUenberger 
Morphew. "Tim and I consider our- 
selves a team because we're married, 
we're involved in the same denomina- 
tion, and, in a sense, are a model of the 
larger church. It's exciting to be part of 
two congregations that are in some ways 
different, because we get a glimpse of 
the bigger picture." 

Beth and Tim often "share" their f 
congregations by occasionally exchang- 
ing pulpits, planning picnics together, 
and inviting both congregations to joint 
events such as an open house at Christ- 
mas. Special services, such as the 
dedication of their son, Keith, are i 
performed so that both congregations 
can be present. 

"We really sense the expansion of 
fellowship growing in relationship 
among the two congregations," says 
Tim. "And for us, there's such a joy in 
having that many more members in our 
church family." 


I ot only does the team concept of 
ministry seem to advocate a simple 
lifestyle (many couples living off one 
working salary), and not only does it 
uphold church and family as priorities bj 
blending them into a tightly woven 
pattern, but working as a team somehow- 
muddies the sometimes sharp delineatioi 
of who-can-or-should-do-what. 

Like most things, the message seems 
to trickle down and, perhaps, gets most 
honestly and adequately expressed by 
the children. Ten-year-old Micah Smith 
Buckwalter, modeling his father, now 
regularly makes eggs for himself. When 
asked by his daddy "why?"— the reply: 
That he's practicing— "so when I get big 
I can cook 'em for my wife and 
kids too." 


I. W. Moomaw: 

Prophet of justice 

y J. Benton Rhoades 

W. Moomaw, a beloved brother, died 
;tober 2, 1990. We do well to thank 
3d for his life among us. He spent 
iich of his life serving in the larger 
umenical church. He was also very 
Lich one of us in the Church of the 

I first met Dr. Moomaw while he 
jght at Bethany Seminary, after 
mpleting 19 years as a Brethren 
issionary in India. We students knew 
it he had graduated from Manchester 
)llege and had also earned the master's 
d doctor's degrees in agriculture and 
ricultural economics. At the start of 
; course, we addressed him as "doc- 
r," but he insisted: "Please, 'brother' 
quite enough." He was a modest man. 
For 63 years he shared life with Mabel 
inger Moomaw. They reared two sons, 
ivid and Richard. She was both a 
3ther and a professional woman. She 
IS deeply loved and respected by her 
isband. Near the end of her life, he 
•ote to his sons: "Although I have 
garded our marriage as an equal 
rtnership— her full devotion to you lads 
d your families had been the central 
irpose of her life down to the present 
lur." I. W. Moomaw was a family 

While a rural missionary in India, I. 
. taught in the Vocational Teachers 
jllege at Anklesvar. The creative 
ture of his work led to his being 
med to the All-India Committee on 
isic Education. Thus, he became 
quainted with Mahatma Gandhi, 
tting on the floor with him at lunch 
le day, Gandhi said: "No one wants 
ar, but we're being swept toward the 
ost terrible conflict in history." I. W.'s 
sponse: "Mr. Gandhi, you could lead 
e beyond my depth in world politics. 

My only competence, if any, is in 
farming and village life." The subject 
changed, but I. W. never stopped 
thinking about the connection between 
technology, politics, and the spirit. 

I. W. Moomaw was an apostle to the 
rural poor— from Midwest family farmers 
to the peasants in Asia, campesinos in 
Latin America to village tribes in Africa. 
He was executive secretary of Agricul- 
tural Missions Inc. from 1945 to 1963. 
His job was to advise mission boards on 
their rural work, never losing sight of its 
roots in the gospel. He traveled widely 
as a counselor to hundreds of agricultur- 
al missionaries. 

After official retirement, the 
Moomaws engaged in various consultant 

assignments for Agricultural Missions 
and other church organizations. When I 
asked how he could be compensated, 
I. W. said: "My only fee is that Mabel 
be enabled to travel with me. We have 
been separated so much in our work." 
She did and they worked as team. 

One assignment was to Vietnam 
Christian Service during the war there. 
They were convinced that our nation's 
ill-advised war to curb Communism was 
having the opposite effect. 

In Central America they helped 
conduct a field program study of rural 
church work. War clouds were building. 
Also rural cooperatives were growing 
based on the study of the Bible in the 
base Christian communities. They 
reported, "We often met the nonviolent 
pleas of the peasants for justice. ' ' Justice 
was delayed. Violence followed. 

The Moomaws were peacemakers. 
They went beyond resisting war to do 
the things that make for peace. 

Brother Moomaw 's latter years were 
lived in Sebring, Fla. He chaired the 
witness commission in the local church 
and district. He represented the Brethren 
on the Florida Council of Churches Task 
Force on Social Justice for Farmworkers. 
I often found young people in the 
Christian Ministry to Farmworkers 
grateful for the support of I. W. Moo- 
maw to interpret to the churches what 
the farmworkers were seeking. 

Church people did not always hear 
him gladly. But his ability to listen and 
to reason with those who differed was a 
gift both to the workers and to the 
churches. I. W. Moomaw was a 
gentle, yet firm prophet of justice. 


J. Benton Rhoades retired at the end of 
December as executive secretary of Agricultural 
Missions Inc. . New York City. He served the Church 
of the Brethren as a missionary in Ecuador for a 
decade beginning in 1946. 

January 1991 Messenger 25 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Welcome to Stepping 

Each month in this column 
I will share snapshots of life 
that I hope will prove helpful 
to you in your Christian 
journey. I will focus upon 
little insights for some of our 
daily crosses and thorns. 

What I have to offer are 
suggestions, perspectives, 
and opinions— not absolutes. 
Indeed there are pitifully few 
absolutes to offer, since God 
has designed us as incredibly 
complex creatures and much 
of our emotional and rela- 
tional behavior is directed 
by intangibles. I say this in 
part by way of disclaimer, 
because if you do not like 
what I share I've little doubt 
you can find a credible 
person who disagrees with 

Besides— sometimes I'm 

As you can see, the tone of 
this column will be informal 
rather than formal, personal 
rather than professional. 

Day after day I counsel 
with individuals who are 
overwhelmed with problems 
—depression, anxiety, 
divorce, school and job 
pressures, loneliness, faith 
crises, marital tension, 
sexual misconduct, various 
addictions . . . and the list 
goes on. 

Husbands may genuinely 
love their wives but are 
unable to express it con- 
vincingly. Women often 
realize they're excessive 
with eating, spending, or 
affections but can't seem to 
stay within appropriate 
boundaries, even when 
they're self-prescribed. 
Adolescents emphatically 
insist they want their 
parents' trust, then betray it 
at every turn. And there are 
countless verses to the theme 

song "I'm no good, I'm no 
good, I'm no good, baby, 
I'm no good. . . ." 

1 listen to them, I labor 
with them, I ache for them, 
I've even been known to cry 
with them. And while age, 
sex, social status, and 
situations vary, a common 
theme runs throughout: 
They're at the end of their 
coping resources, weighed 
down with despair, and fresh 
out of hope. 

Whatever the problem, 
whatever the solution, 
whatever the strategy, I'm 
convinced the surest route to 
frustration is to expect too 
much and to travel too fast. 
The unfortunate backwash 
from the energetic, goal- 
oriented products of the 
baby-boom generation is a 
mindset that believes the sky 
is the limit and the deadline 
was yesterday. 

Not long ago my husband 
and I had the privilege of ac- 
companying a group of teen- 
agers to Florida via Gatlin- 
burg. While in those Great 
Smoky Mountains, part of 
the planned agenda was to 
climb the "Chimney Tops" 
peaks— not up the path like 
normal tourists, mind you; 
we were to scale up the back. 
I felt secretly challenged and 
proud that at thirtysomething 
I would be able to keep up 
with those young, energetic 
hotshots. I embarked full 

But then somewhere about 
halfway up all my nerve, 
optimism, and cockiness 
evaporated. I have never 
feared for my life as I did on 
that cold, sunny, slippery 
mountainside. In fact, many 
of those kids delighted in 
giving account of how white 
my face became! 

But here's what I noticed: 
Every time I tilted my head 

back and focused on the top 
of the mountain I felt dizzy, 
weak, and totally immobi- 
lized. However, when I 
simply concentrated upon 
the next step, the next 
foothold, the next tree root to 
grasp, I was able to slowly 
but surely climb over the 
top. A goodly portion of the 
journey was made on my 
backside. But I got there. 

Thefamily of 12-step 
programs have adopted as 
their slogan: "One day at a 
time." The saying itself is 
certainly not new. But it 
provides renewal. 

We are all wounded 
people at best. I've often 
thought that, if the scars on 
our psyches were visible to 
the human eye, some of us 
would be a scary sight 
indeed. The discouraging 
word is that life is beset with 
trials and tribulations. We 
will always have problems, 
obstacles, conflict, unreal- 
ized dreams, high demands, 
and low thresholds. 

But the good news is that 
we don't have to control 
every variable, cater to every 
demand, cover every base, or 
conquer every goal. So 
whoever told you that you 
had to be "successful" in 
order to be acceptable was 
wrong. And whoever said 
that you had to be perfect in 
order to be worthy, lied. God 
is more than adequate for the 
job of being God ... he only 
requires us to be faithful. 

So remember, when it 
comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to 
walk on water. We just need 
to learn where the 
stepping stones are. 


Robin Wentworth App, of 
Nappanee, Ind.. is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren. Etna Green. Ind. 

26 Messenger January 1 99 1 

A day in the life 
of a missionary 

Kamale ( ' 'Finger Mountain' ' ) 

by Galen R. Hackman 

The village of Kwachi is located at the 
foot of the famed Kamale or "Finger 
Mountain" of the Mandara chain, about 
25 kilometers over dirt road and through 
streams and rivers. The village has been 
the site of Christian activity for some 
years, but today the labors of those in the 

past will be realized as this EYN 
"preaching point" is recognized as a 

One hundred baptized members are 
needed to reach congregational status. 
With the designation comes the respon- 
sibility of paying dues to the denomina- 
tional headquarters of Ekklesiyar 
'Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYN— the Church of 

January 1991 Messenger 27 


the Brethren in Nigeria. This responsibil- 
ity sometimes makes preaching points 
that would be large enough to be 
designated as congregations hesitate to 
be organized as a church. Times are hard 
in Nigeria and money is not easily 
acquired, by people or congregations. 

People have gathered from far and 
wide. Even non-Christian village folk 
have come to witness this special event. 
The facilities have been prepared. Grass 
roofs have been set up outside under 
which the special guests will sit. The 
pulpit has been erected, also under a 
grass roof. Three women's groups have 
come to sing, as will a youth group and 
the choir of the local church. Denomina- 
tional representatives are present. The 
atmosphere is charged with anticipation. 

The Boy's Brigade has also assem- 
bled, providing leadership to direct 
people for seating, to park the two or 
three cars that show up loaded with 
people, and to be certain the children 
stay in their assigned places. Children 
are everywhere in Nigeria, and they 
flock to any special event such as this, 
because herein lies their entertainment. 
Usually the children are not allowed in 
the sanctuary or, in this case, among the 
adult guests spread out under the trees. 
(One exception is the performance of a 
drama. Then children are welcome in the 
congregation.) Nevertheless, many 
gather on the fringes of the crowd and 
crane their necks to see the action. 

Long before the appointed 10 a.m. 
hour of worship, the various groups 
begin to sing, each taking their turn as 
they prepare the assembly for worship. 
People are still gathering, as the worship 
leader invites us to pray. 

The service is typical of Nigerian 
worship services— scripture readings, 
songs, prayers and preaching. The 
preacher is a young man newly set apart 
as a probational minister. For a year or 
two he will test his calling, later to be 

28 Messenger January 1991 

ordained to full ministerial status. 
During the service, an offering is taken 
for the benefit of the church. 

Following the sermon, which challen- 
ges the people to accept the work of the 
church as their work, the chairman of 
EYN stands to lead the people in the 
official dedication service. He conse- 
crates the work to God in a special 
ceremony and invites all members of the 
congregation to gather before him for a 
prayer of dedication. Young and old, 

The people of Nigeria 
might be poor by 
earthly standards. But 
as their faith and work 
for the Lord bears 
fruit, they are rich 
toward God. 

men and women move forward slowly to 
take their position before him. He leads 
in prayer, asking God to enter afresh into 
the work of this congregation and these 
people. It is a solemn event. 

I'm thinking the service is about over 
when the fundraising begins. The 
worship leader begins to call the names 
of all the district (gunduma) organiza- 
tions. Representatives from any church 
in that district, or from the district at 
large, are invited to come forward and 
place their contribution in the pot. As 
they do, their names are announced 
along with the amount of the contribu- 
tion. Everyone claps and cheers. Then 
another donation is given and the scene 
is repeated over and over again. 

I am struck again by the differences in 
our respective cultures. To announce 
publicly the amount of my gift and have 

people cheer about it grates me the 
wrong way. Didn't Jesus say we are no 
to let our left hand know what our righ 
hand is doing? But this is a different 
world, and here the Nigerian church ha 
emerged into its own genus of Christia 
ity, with its unique way of applying the 
principles of the Word to life. 

On and on the process goes, through 
14 districts (comprising 133 congrega- 
tions), five congregations directly unde 
the denominational headquarters, Kulp 
Bible College staff, and the headquarte 
staff. There is no hurry. Introductions c 
special guests are made in between the 
offerings. Where the offerings come 
slowly, we linger to give people time t 
decide what to give, and perhaps to let 
them feel the peer pressure urging then 
to give. 

It is nearing 2:30 p.m. and my 
stomach rumbles. The service is comin 
to an end. Someone in our party sugge; 
that we prepare to leave. That's fine w: 
the Nigerians, but we cannot leave 
without filling our stomachs. We are le 
into the sanctuary where food is quickl 
placed before us. In typical fashion, wc 
are offered minerals (soda pop) and tu\ 
with miya. We form the tuwo (commes 
porridge) into balls and dip it into the 
miya (meat with red palm oil gravy). 

Our hunger being satisfied and 
goodbyes being said, we head back 
across the dirt paths and nearly dry 
stream beds to our home at Kulp Bible 
College. The scene we have just wit- 
nessed—that of a preaching point J 
becoming a full congregation— is • 
repeated often in the fast-growing EY> 
The people of Nigeria might be poor b; 
earthly standards. But as their faith and 
work for the Lord bears fruit, [Tj 
they are rich toward God. i 

Galen Hackman is sen'ing in a rwo-year 
reaching assignment ai Kulp Bible College, Mubi, 
Nigeria, which trains leaders for the Church ofth 
Brethren in Nigeria. 




by Cheryl L. Martin 



Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. 

It is human nature to label 
others, and we seem to do an 
especially good job at name- 
calling— often with an 
element of putting people 
down— when others don't see 
or do things the way we do. 

The authors of Type Talk 
(Dell Publishing, 1988, 
$9.95) don't discourage 
labeling other people. In 
fact, they enthusiastically 
endorse it. But Otto Kroeger 
and Janet M. Thuesen offer a 
way of replacing perjorative 
name-calling with non- 
judgmental labels. 

The "types" in Type Talk 
are based on a psychological 
test called the Myers-Briggs 
Type Indicator (MBTI), 
developed in the 1 930s by 
Katherine Briggs and her 
daughter, Isabel Briggs 
Myers, based on the theories 
of Carl Jung. Kroeger and 
Thuesen coined the term 
"Typewatching" to describe 
the use of Myers-Briggs 
types in everyday life. 

"There are no good and 
bad 'types' in Typewatch- 
ing," explain the authors; 
"there are only differences. 
. . . With Typewatching, the 
tendency for a friend to be 
late might be viewed as a 
typological characteristic 
rather than a personal affront 
or character defect." 

To give you an idea how 
this works, I'll explain my 
type, which is described with 
the letters "INTJ." Each 
letter stands for a preference 
in how I get energy, gather 
information, make decisions. 

and orient my outer world. 

For instance, the "I" 
indicates that I have a 
preference (slight in my 
case) for Introversion over 
Extroversion— Ihal is, I 
recharge my personal 
batteries through time spent 
alone rather than from time 
spent with others. The "N" 
refers to my tendency to 
gather information figura- 
tively or iNtuitively, rather 
than literally, or with my 

When it comes to making 
decisions, I'm more likely to 
make Thinking ("T") 
choices based on objective 
facts, rather than Feeling 
decisions based on how my 
choice will affect others. 
And finally, I'm a strong 
"J" (Judger), preferring to 
act on information I already 
have, rather than gathering 
more, as a Perceiver would. 

The four preferences 
combine 16 different ways, 
forming "types" that add up 
to more than the sum of their 
parts, as each preference 
interacts with the others. The 
principle behind Myers- 
Briggs types is that if we 
know our own and others' 
preferences, or "types," we 
can turn put-downs into 
constructive information, 
and prevent conflicts that 
can damage or destroy 

By avoiding psychobabble 
and embracing a light- 
hearted, humorous approach, 
Kroeger and Thuesen make 
it fun to learn about improv- 

ing our daily interactions 
with colleagues, friends, 
spouses, parents, children, 
and even— they say— pets. 

Type Talk is a widely 
accessible introduction for 
the average reader, and 
therefore is more likely to be 
read, and— most importantly 
—used to change behaviors. 

I have used the book 
successfully as a topic for 
discussion in a mid-week 
church group. But while I 
agree with the authors' claim 
that it is quite possible to 
figure out your own type and 
benefit from Typewatching 
without taking the official 
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator 
test (available only through 
professionals, for a fee), I 
should note that several in 
my discussion group who 
had not previously taken the 
test never did decide their 
own types. 

Type Talk can at least help 
those of you who hate being 
placed in a box to better 
understand those of us who 
enjoy categorizing. And 
understanding can make the 
difference between writing 
people off and trying to work 
with them. 

I knew I had caught on to 
Typewatching when, instead 
of exasperatedly calling a 
friend "perpetually indeci- 
sive," I caught myself 
chuckling while de- 
scribing her as a "P." 


Cheryl L. Martin is a member of 
the Mennonite Church-related 
Community House Church of 
Washington, DC. 

January 1991 Messenger 29 


Win some, lose some 

The article on CPS (October) is one of 
the best I have read about that program. 

My husband and I were married 
September 19, 1942, and on October 7 
he left for Camp Walhalla. Our years in 
CPS greatly changed our lives— we have 
spent many years working with high 
school and college youth. 

Our grandchildren are now of draft 
age, and are very much interested in the 
peace position. Let's hope they can 
witness to peace in their lives without 
having to be drafted. Peace is not only 
an absence of war; it is a building of 
relationships and a working for the truly 
better way of life. 

Louise Shively 
Roann, Ind. 

Not that I envy any editor who attempts 
to put together a 50th-anniversary issue 
about Civilian Public Service, but yours 
was pathetic. 

I am sorry your coverage (October) 
did not convey the incredible diversity 
of young men that CPS brought to the 
attention of the Church of the Brethren. 
I am dismayed that your coverage makes 
so little attempt to understand who went 
to CPS and what happened to them later, 
and then explain it to readers. I dislike 
the suggestion that CPS is to be cele- 
brated as an institutional matter, and I 
dislike the thought that anyone in CPS 
was a hero. I react, too, at the assump- 
tion that CPS was something new for 
Brethren people. 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial Judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

What troubles me the most is that in a 
Christian group that truly practices peace 
there is so little respect for the ideas of 
people. CPS was about ideas, and CPS 
cannot be understood except in terms of 
ideas. Looking backward five decades 
about CPS is difficult, but it requires 
precise thought, including thinking the 
unthinkable often. It is not family- 
reunion time. 

Wilbur Dunbar 
Wooster, Ohio 

What God can do 

In "Things God Cannot Do" (Novem- 
ber, page 9), T. Wayne Rieman says, 
"God cannot know what has not 
happened or what may happen." What 
are we going to do with all the prophets 
in the Bible? What should we do with 
the Bible itself? Rieman also tells us we 
should "refrain from using the term 
'almighty God.' " I am sure he knows the 
Bible uses the term. 

Tim Webb 
New Castle, Ind. 

It is misleading to imply that C. I. 
Scofield would question God's omnipo- 
tence. In the comments referred to by T. 
Wayne Rieman, Scofield does say that 
"it is to be regretted that Shaddai was 
translated 'Almighty.' " However, in the 
very next sentence, Scofield states that 
"the primary name. El or Elohim, suf- 
ficiently signifies almightiness" (New 
Scofield Reference Bible, page 25). 

It is uncomfortable to believe a 
paradox, but it is irresponsible to deny a 
revealed attribute of God in an attempt 
to make the universe comprehensible to 
our minds. The God who granted us the 
opportunity to choose has allowed 
natural consequences to our actions in 
order to give meaning to our choices. 
That is why war and injustice exist. 

God's will is for us to choose, even 
though that divine decision allows 
results that are ungodly. Evidently God 
thinks it's worth it. Quite frankly, the 
fact that we may disagree alters reality 
not one bit. 

God's self-restraint at this point in 
history must not be interpreted as 
impotence. One day the voice of a great 
multitude will echo the truth that has 
always been true: "Alleluia: For the 
Lord God omnipotent reigneth" (Rev. 
19:6 KJV). 

Suzanne Sampsor 
Elgin, III 

The proper translation of El Shaddai 
aside, the Old and New Testaments are 
permeated with references to God's 
power and dominion. I sympathize with 
T. Wayne Rieman's struggle to reconcile 
the desperate condition of this world and 
a good God who chooses not to effect 
the cures to our liking and on our 
timeline. However, I adamantly disagree 
with the conclusion drawn from his 
reasoning that God is not wholly 

Debbie Burkholdei 
Nappanee, Ind 

When theologians vote 

In "Is That Jesus We Hear Speaking?" 
(October, page 22), Richard B. Gardner 
has provided us with an informative and 
essentially unbiased presentation on the 
work of the Jesus Seminar. 

I do object, though, to one conclusion: 
"The seminar is not trying to vote 
anything out of the Scriptures. It is not 
challenging the inspiration or authority 
of any saying in the Gospels. Rather, thei 
votes it takes simply try to distinguish 
between different levels of sayings in the 

The type of voting described actually 
does question inspiration and authority. 
A saying that is coded as gray or black is 
inherently a fraudulent saying; does the 
Holy Spirit inspire sayings that are not 
from Jesus and yet claim to be from I 
Jesus? Personally, I question whether a ' 
pink saying would be fully inspired and ' 
authoritative, and do not consider mysell 
"misinformed" because I challenge ; 
another scholar's logic. j 

Patrick R. Dunmin^ 
Warrenville, Hi 

30 Messenger January 1991 

Vith the Jesus Seminar, you have only 
le listed names of the voters. Neither 
ou nor anyone else knows who voted 
low (or why). 

There is no need for anyone's vote to 
« justified, explained, or defended. No 
ne's reputation is put on the line nor 
ny personal responsibility taken for the 
utcome of the vote. There is no way of 
nowing which votes represented a 
incere effort to get to the truth of the 
ospel and which a disinterested. 
Hearing "scholarship" representing no 
ersonal investment at all. 

I suggest that modem society is 
ompletely off track in putting so much 
list in polls, or votes— thinking these 
present a valid and reliable method of 
etting at the truth of anything— least of 
U the deep faith-truth of the gospel. I 
fWl always value the devout and 
onsidered opinion of even a single 
listed brother or sister Christian scholar 
jjver all the secret ballots of any number 
ff reputed (but anonymous) "experts." 
I Vernard Eller 

\ La Verne, Calif. 

>ats on the back 

"he November issue was superb. It 
liowed the new format at its best and 
icluded information, edification, and 
tiallenge. I just wanted you to know 
our work is appreciated. 

Jim Benedict 
New Enterprise. Pa. 

iliank you very much for the November 
ditorial ("Management by Query")! It 
i absolutely on target. I'm convinced 
le issues pointed to have been creeping 
naybe leaping) into Conference 
ynamics for some time. Some will say 
is an insignificant issue, but I believe 
le role and function of Annual Confer- 
nce is very significant for future 
enominational planning. 

J. Bentley Peters 
Elgin, III. 

."hanks for the nice job on the November 
isue. I especially liked "Management 

by Query." You said well what dis- 
turbed me at Annual Conference, but 
which I was unable to articulate. 

Steve Shelton 
East Lansing, Mich. 

The brief summary of interviews with 
Brethren Volunteer Service workers 
conducted by Jan Schrock (October, 
page 6) was a boon to our efforts to 
provide the Palestinians a voice in 
America. Opportunities to share our 
views are key to the effectiveness of our 
work in this troubled land. Thank you 
for giving your readers some glimpse of 
indignities inflicted on Palestinians 
every day. 

Tim Bock, Jo Kimmel, 

Rita McGaughey, Jon VanKamp 

BVSers in Israel 

and the Occupied Territories 

Bethany, go west 

To listen to Emmert Bittinger's logic on 
relocating Bethany Seminary (October, 
page 34), "to land it where it should be 
—near the center of the Church of the 
Brethren constituency," is to also say 
that Moses shouldn't have left Egypt, 
Peter shouldn't have left the boat, Paul 
shouldn't have walked the road to 
Damascus, and Jesus should have talked 
and walked only with Jews. There is life 
west of the Mississippi! 

David W. Kirchner 
Cedar Falls, Iowa 

If the Church of the Brethren desires to 
rekindle the mission spirit, perhaps a 

start would be to locate the seminary in 
an area sparsely populated by Brethren. 
This might encourage our future leaders 
to leave the comforts of the familiar and 
reach outward with Christ's love and 
power. The eastern half of the US is not 
the only place that needs to hear the 
message of Christ via Brethren ideals. 

Diane Mason 
Moulton. Iowa 

The Spirit is inclusive 

The spirit of "Our Salt Has Lost So 
Much Savor" (August/September, page 
35) was very distressing in its exclusiv- 
ity and absence of compassion. 

The implied condemnation of whole 
groups of the humanity to whom the 
Spirit of Christ reaches out brings further 
distress to those who are already mar- 
ginalized because of divorce, sexual 
orientation, poverty, cultural difference, 
race, or ill health. Historically and 
currently, the spirit of this statement has 
given permission for scapegoating, self- 
righteousness, and hatred. 

The statement says, "The Holy Spirit 
must be free to convict, teach, lead, and 
empower for ministry." In the Bible and 
in the history of the church, the individu- 
als and groups so touched by the Holy 
Spirit were often surprising choices. The 
church must not reflect the society that 
indulges in polarization and victimiza- 
tion. We are called to be open to the 
Spirit of Christ and to serve as channels 
for that Spirit to all humanity. 

Steering Committee 

Church of the Brethren Womaen's Caucus 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint ' 'Pontius' Puddle' ' from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. 


^^£9 7 I 


sot^E w?slo^^^R^ES 

January 1991 Messenger 31 


On Persian Gulf, peace movement 

Respond in love 
to Iraqi people 

On October 20, Brethren college 
students from Bridgewater, Juniata, and 
Manchester inet for a retreat at Bridge- 
water College. During discussion, our 
nation's military presence in the Middle 
East and the likelihood of war in that 
region became the focus of much 
concern. Out of a desire to see a greater 
response to this crisis, we decided to 
share our concern with the church. 

We are alarmed that so many Chris- 
tians in our nation support a US military 
presence in the Persian Gulf with very 
little apparent understanding of the 
political context of the conflict. We are 
particularly appalled that so many 
Christians are supporting actions that are 
clearly not in keeping with Christ's 
commandment to love with the kind of 
love that casts out all fear, the kind of 
love that is patient and kind, the kind of 
love that hopes and endures all things, 
the kind of steadfast love that is the call 
of Christian discipleship. As members of 
the Church of the Brethren, we have 
grown up being taught that all war is sin. 
We want to affirm and embrace actions 
that produce wholeness and healing of 

We strongly feel the absence of such 
attempts at reconciliation in the Middle 
East. We feel it is not unrealistic for our 
nations to sit down and work to under- 
stand each other. Few Americans truly 
understand the ways in which Iraq feels 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
church with whom we agree or disagree is a 
characteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
the continuation of this value, and to an open and 
probing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
' Opinions' ' pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All ' 'Opinions' ' are edited for 

32 Messenger January 1991 

threatened. Undoubtedly, few Iraqis 
fully understand the ways in which the 
United States feels threatened. So far, 
we have been unwilling to negotiate and 
listen to Iraq's concerns. We have 
created a diabolical image of a man 
whom we supported financially and 
militarily just months ago. 

The world will always have conflicts. 
Until we learn to deal with them 
peacefully, we will never know the 
peace that God has intended for us. We, 
as Christians, must not continue the 
cycle of hatred and mistrust; we must 
practice love. 

We challenge our church to unite and 
explore ways to respond in love. We 
have, for ourselves, chosen to write 
letters like this one. We have decided to 
educate ourselves so that we can 
confront the fear and prejudice that 
results from ignorance and misunder- 
standing. We feel Christ's call to action 
and are compelled to continue to 
prayerfully discern the will of God for 
our lives. 

How will the church respond? 


This letter to the church was signed by 34 
students from Bridgewater, Juniata, and Man- 
chester Colleges. 

An appeal on 
the gulf crisis 

Each of us makes it a little easier or a 
little harder for the US to go to war in 
the Middle East. The sentiment in each 
Brethren congregation makes it a bit 
harder or a bit easier. Which side is our 
tiny weight on? 

Jesus told his followers: ' 'Love your 
enemies" (Matt. 5:44). 

How do we see the designated enemy 
—now especially the Iraqis? In the clas- 
sic Polish film The Magician, little boys 
on a beach are lured into a shooting gal- 
lery and taught to shoot at target. When 
a mother doll with a baby is set before a 

lad, he shakes his head in refusal. But 
then the word enemy is given, he shoot: 
the figures to shreds, and the officer 
nods approval. Does that designation, 
enemy, evoke a comparable response ir 
us? Or do we resist the call to war? 

Jesus taught: "The Father loves evei 
sparrow; how much more does he love 
every human being" (Matt. 10:29-31). 


. war would probably bring death to 
hundreds of thousands of Iraqis, a 
majority of them civilian victims killec 
in bombings. Can we as disciples of 
Jesus go along with that? Or do we 
really believe that God loves each Iraqi 
as truly and fully as each one of us and 
that Jesus died for each Iraqi as much a 
for each of us? Do we have some sense 
of the human reality of those people ov 
there as persons with much the same 
needs, hopes, and fears and with the 
same love and concern for children? Ir; 
has half a million Christians. It is hard 
support the slaughter of people whom 
we see as much like ourselves. 

In the Old Testament God forbade th 
sacrifice of children to Moloch and oth 
gods. Aztecs on feast days would 
sometimes sacrifice 20,000 people to 
avert disaster and assure a better future 

Are we willing to sacrifice the lives i 
30,000 young Americans— perhaps man 
more— for Middle Eastern oil? Saddam 
Hussein did many terrible things befon 
the invasion of Kuwait, but he was seei 
as an ally and was given huge amounts! 
of arms until he appeared to threaten 
Western access to and control of Middi 
Eastern oil. How would we see havingi 
someone in our own family circle get 
killed for that cause? 

In the wilderness, Jesus was tempted 
by the devil to become a military ' 

messiah and seize political power so a' 
to be able to set things right in the 

Do we with Jesus reject the military , 
way or do we go with the masses who i 
accept it? Are we easily persuaded by 

e media that other efforts are failing 
id war would bring the answer? 
We should be praying fervently for a 
iftening of hard-line attitudes on both 
des and a diplomatic solution. The 
:rsian Gulf crisis can be resolved by 
^gotiations. The main responsibility for 
tiling the crisis should be returned to 
e United Nations and to the Arab 
ttions of the region. 
The embargo should not include food 
id medicines ("If your enemy is 
ingry, feed him"— Rom. 12:20). But 
tonomic sanctions otherwise should be 
ven more time. The US could agree to 
ithdraw step by step from Saudi Arabia 
return for comparable Iraqi with- 
awal from Kuwait. The US could press 
r Israeli withdrawal from the occupied 
rritories in the same way that it 
mands that Iraq leave Kuwait. United 
itions resolutions are equally clear on 
)th occupations. Iraq, which has been 
jthout a port on the Persian Gulf, could 
offered a free port, perhaps under 
(lited Nations supervision. More peace 
legations should go to Iraq to build 
idges of understanding. 

V war with Iraq would not be another 
enada or Panama. The Iraqi army has 
fd years of experience in desert 
irfare. The US forces have had none, 
le Middle East is a powder keg. A war 
Duld unleash incalculable forces. Iraq 
ight attack Israel with chemical 
papons, and Israel respond with 
iclear weapons. Anti-American 
Iplings in Arab nations and many other 
iuntries would be greatly intensified, 
iolent reprisal strikes against Ameri- 
ins and other Westerners would almost 
|rtainly become much more frequent. A 
kr would cause havoc in the American 
ii,d world economies. 
The Persian Gulf crisis is to be seen as 
. est of our discipleship: Do we go with 
sus and his way or do we follow 
iders who point us to military 
ight and war? 


uhis statement was adopted by the tri-district 
•yrdinating committee (Atlantic Northeast, 
ulhern Pennsylvania and Mid-Atlantic) of the 
ethren Peace Fellowship and mailed to pastors in 
ise three districts. 

Krista Spangler 

Christians must 
join peace effprt 

I was so pleased at the attention given to 
Civilian Public Service in the October 
issue. I had the opportunity to work in 
the office of NISBCO before I left for 

Take Hold of Your Future 

my permanent Brethren Volunteer 
Service project in England, and there I 
gained a great appreciation for the work 
that was done by conscientious objectors 
—both practical and symbolic. 

At the Celebration of Conscience 
conference, I saw that many of those 
objectors did so much more than simply 
saying no. They were saying yes to 
peace, to life, to service in humility, and 

One Step at a Time 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

"/n Nigeria there^s not much publicity about the colleges in 
America. I read about McPherson in the Messenger. 1 enjoy my 
classes and the envu-onment here. The people are very cooperative, 
and I have good teachers in the classes Fm attending. " 

— Bitrus A. Bdlia 

Principal, Kulp Bible School, 1981-1986 

Mubi, Nigeria 

Scholarships /Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


Address . 

. State . 

. Zip . 

Phone i )_ 

. Year of Graduation . 

Send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, P.O. Box 1402, 

McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call collect (316) 241-0731. 


of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability. 

January 1991 Messenger 33 


From the 

Office of Human Resources. 

Two, 1/3rd time, volunteer staff positions ore 




—Excellent administrative skills 

—Experience w/coordinating programming or 

Experience w/conference events 
—Initiative / self-starter 
—Work vj/dietai\: follovi^-ttirough skills 
—Human relations skills 

Interested and qualified persons may make 
application by sending a letter of interest and 
a resume to; Dale E. Minnicti, 1451 Dundee 
Ave, Elgin, IL 60120. 

Applicants ore requested to contact 3-4 per- 
sons and tiave them provide a letter of 

All materials due by deadline dote: January 
26. 1991 

they were still doing it today. But my 
lingering question: Why are they so few? 

I work now in a secular organization— 
the largest peace group in Britain. And I 
am worried because I do not see a 
distinctly Christian force for peace, 
when the church could be so influential. 
What other reason is there for meeting as 
a church than to give us collectively a 
power that individually we lack? 
Knowing the key to peace, why do we 
allow the secular peace movement, 
which only thinks it has the power to 
bring about peace, to act alone so often? 

I believe that there is a mission field 
here that we want to ignore, and it lies in 
the people who are working doggedly 
for peace but who have no understanding 

of the Prince of Peace. 

I believe that we must demonstrate ou 
solidarity with and love for these people 
by joining them in their demonstrations 
and direct actions. We can't bury our 
heads in the sand, hiding from the "rad- 
icals" and the "peaceniks"; they need 
us. But when we do stand with them we 
must make it clear that we are first and 
foremost pleading the cause of Christ. 

I hope that the churches that have 
produced such fine objectors to violence 
will join forces and lend their power, the 
power of Christ in us, to saying yes 
—to loving the peacemakers. 


Krisia Spongier is a Brethren Volunteer Sen-ice 
worker with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarma- 
ment. London, England. 


WANTED-Director of Christian Education and Youth. 
Ephrata (Pa.) Church of Brethren seeking full-time person to 
coordinate our Christian education, youth programs. Some 
experience in youth work required. Interested person should 
send resume to Atlantic Northeast District Office. Attn: Allen 
Hansen, 900 S. Arlington Ave.. Rm. 213. Harrisburg, PA 

WANTED-Design Manager for small Western Kansas 
manufacturer. Should have agricultural background, quali- 
fications in drafting, engineering. Duties incld. design of 
machinery, product improvement, administering R&D, 
Field Service. Near Quinter (Kan.) Church of Brethren. Send 
resume to: Quinstar Corp., P. 0. Box 424, Quinter, KS 

FOR SALE-Commemorative and customized church 
plates, mugs, T-shirts and sportswear made special for your 
church by Brethren family. Use for gifts, fundraisers. Con- 
tact Dodd Studios, 2841 Belair Drive, Bowie, IvID 2071 5. Tel. 
(301) 262-4135. 

FOR SALE-Lorida, Fla., 3 bdrm., 21/2 bath ranch-style, c.b. 
house. Two blocks from Lorida Church of the Brethren. 6 
yrs. old. Dbl. lot, citrus trees, landscaped. Fenced. Storage 
barn. Attached garage. Lrg. family rm. Central A/C. Great 
bass fishing. $75,000. Call (813) 655-3913 or (414) 473- 

FOR SALE-Our Family Books 
Record (revised), 1990; Va. 
$32.50. John Mason and Mary 
dents, $32.50; others $31.50. 
process). (W\\\et m. 1 Susanna 
beth Garber, widow of Nicholas 
Floyd R. Ii^ason, 4409 Park Rd 

by fy^ason: Ziegler Family 
residents, $33.50; others 
Ann Miller. 1986; Va. resi- 
Michael Milter of 1692 (in 
Agnes Bechtol; m. 2 Eliza- 
Garber.) For info. SASE to: 
Alexandria, VA 22312. 

FOR SALE-History of Driver-Sprenkle family. Descendants 
at Ludwig Treiber (Lewis Driver) and Barbara Sprenkte in the 
Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, USA. More than eight gen- 

erations compiled fr. cemetery, census, probate, Bible, 
birth, death, marriage records. Over 500 pps.; more than 
400 family record sheets. Over 3000 descendants w/75 
allied surnames and complete genealogy. Old photos, 
space to add notes, favorite pictures. Indexed collector's 
item, hard-bound cover; gold foil-stamped lid, spine on acid- 
free archival paper. Cost $47.75, inclds. postage and han- 
dling. Va. residents add $2.15 tax per book. Send check or 
money order to Driver-Sprenkle Genealogy, c/o Driver & 
Gassett, Compilers, 1 1 94 Westmoreland Dr., Harrisonburg, 
VA 22801-3540. 

TRAVEL- You are invited to join Host Wayne F. Geisert, 
President, Bridgewater College, on tour to exotic orient. 
Tour includes Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong 
Kong (Jul. 8-22, 1991). Departure via San Francisco imme- 
diately following 1991 Annual Conference, Portland. Inclu- 
sive price $3,290 per person (dbl. occupancy). 15-day 
adventure includes American breakfast each day, and one 
special dinner and cultural performance as well as local 
tours in four major cities. Economical air connections to San 
Francisco fr. Portland, Ore.; Washington, D.C.; other points 
can be arranged. For additional info, contact Dr. W. F. 
Geisert, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812, Tel. 
(703) 828-3362; Fax (703) 828-2160; or Ms. Jacque Wood 
Halpern, Turner Travel, (800) 542-2029. 

TRAVEL-With a purpose with Wendell and Joan Bohrer to 
Alaska following Annual Conference next year. Beginning 
July 9 in Portland. For information concerning this cruise/ 
tour write: Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow 
Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel. (317) 882-5067. 

TRAVEL-Annual Conference. A/C coach tour to Annual 
Conference, Portland, Visit Bethany Sem., Elgin hdqtrs. 
Hear Mormon Tabernacle Choir in Salt Lake City, Return 
rte. via Victoria, Canadian Rockies, Lake Louise, Write J, 
Kenneth Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Road, Elizabethtown, PA 

SINGLES-Are you lonely? Maybe Crossroads can help yo 
too. Some of the couples who have met their mates throug 
us include a nurse and a minister, a teacher and a carpente 
and a widow and a farmer. Other clients are meeting frienc 
who share their interests. Some are still waiting to meet tli 
right one. Perhaps they are looking for you. How will you fin 
out if you don't join? For information write to Crossroad; 
Box 32, N. Tonawanda, NY 14120, 

RETIREMENT-Consider living at The Palms Estates 
Lorida, Fla., a caring independent-living community on Laf 
Istokpoga, 15 miles s.e. of Sebring, near Lorida Church 
the Brethren, Access to large lake via canal. Citrus grove 
volunteer service opportunities, pool, many activities. Lo 
for lease to construct cottages or place single or doubl 
wide mobile homes. Sponsored by C.O.B. Atl. S.E. Distrii 
Camp in RV park while deciding whether this is the place 
the sun for you. Limited number mobile home rentals for ; 
month renting period. Write; Walter C. Gingrich, P.O. Be 
364, Lorida, FL 33857. Tel. (813) 655-1909. 

INVITATION-lf you or someone you love moves to orvis'' 

Los Angeles, tour Crystal Cathedral and Disneyland t,- 

worship in exciting church-the Panorama City Church 

Brethren, 14517 Osborne, near Van Nuys and NordC 

Panorama City Church has congregations in 4 language 

In English-language congregation (9:30 a.m.) are Kore; 

Hispanic, India, White and African Americans. Truly urb 

church with strong Brethren values. Small and growir 

Contact Wayne Zunkel, 15843 Blackhawk, Granada HII 

CA 91344. Tel. (818)891-2231. 

INVITATION-ln Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Chur 
of the Brethren for 10 a,m. church school and 11 a 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail and 
85 North, exit 38, Norcross, Contact Pastor Joe May at (4(i 
985-1360 or John and Debbie Hammer, 5584 Wilmerl- 
Norcross, GA 30092, Tel, (404) 448-9092. 

34 Messenger January 1991 


cIs Covenant, All. N.E.; Jay 
Aumenl. Chuck Albrecht. 
iackee Bender, Ron Bender, 
Philip Buckwalter, Steve 
Buckwalter, Andy Canillo, 
Liz Carrillo, James Fry, Sr., 
Jill Fry, James Fry, Randy 
Gerlach. Joel Heisland, David 
Kammerer, Peggy Kammerer, 
Tim Keebaugh, Vicki Kee- 
baugh, Janelle Kestner, Donna 
Lehman, Jill Lehman, Gail 
Lowe. Harriet Manion. Angie 
Ruhl, Gary Ober, Sherry 
Ober. Laureen Sauder, Gloria 
Spangler. Mark Stauffer, Deb 
Thomas, Rick Thomas, Jeff 
Wagner, Nicole Wert 
titelope Park, W. Plains: Christy 
Dowdy, Dale Dowdy, Steve 

ihland Dickey, N. Ohio: Tom 
Crone, Mary Jo Crone, Bill 
Fliger, Durward Hays, Kevin 
Hess. Ray, Cindy, Leah & 
Michael Hileman, Richard 
Koch, Sarah Koch, Greg 
Turk. Jennifer Turk 

Hse Valley, Idaho: Tammy Birt 

ish Creek, Mid-.Atl.: Joseph 
Jardine, Michelle Jardine, 
Kevin Brunner, Lou Gloyd, 
Mickey Greene 

istine, S. Ohio: Kelly Bayer, 
Norma Jean Hall, Doug 
Harter, Melinda Harter, 
Abigail Brown, Kami Ellison, 
Keyna Ellison, Amber Myers, 
Jill Overholser, Christina 
Stover, Chris Sinclair, Terry 
Stover, Carol Retry 

irist Our Shepherd Fellow- 
ship, S/C Ind.: Valerie Finnell, 
Paul Finnell, Rachel Vice, 
Joseph Vice, Debt Troyer, 
David Troyer, Jami Miller, 
Jan Miller, Dan Stover, 
Heather Stover, Rhonda 
Hughes, Andy McQueen, 
Jeremy BoUnger 

ab Orchard, Virlina: Kimberiy 
Alderman, Roberi Alderman, 
Cynthia Cook. Rebecca 
Jarrett, Matthew Jarrett 

St Chippewa, N Ohio: Rommie 
& Ellen Moore 

iniew, N. Plains: John Swimm 

'St-Johnson City, S.E.: Kim 
Edwards. Sandy Robinson, 
Mitch Robinson, Tammy 

nnanlown Brick, Virlina: 
Justin Carter, Duane Hale, 
Kimberiy Jarrett, Noel Naff, 
Steven McBride, Christina 
McBride, Tara Perdue, April 
Perdue, Scott Sink, John 
IS Lavinder 

lendale-Ariz., Pac. S.W.: Sybil 

i Keim, Robert Keim, Stacey 
Uphoff, Jeff Uphoff, 
Elizabeth Fanner, Angie 
Mannino, Sherry Turner, 
Robert Hale, La Vera Hale, 

I Chuck Springer, Angie 

' Lahman. Jack Dunbar, Eileen 

, Dunbar, Pat Marmino 

.'ster, N. Plains: Mary Jane 

' Button-Harrison 

■nark, Ill.AVis.: Whitmey Miller 

wer Deer Creek, S/C Ind.: 

Mary Kessler 

Maple Spring, W. Pa.: Nick & 
Janna Bennett, Amy Fisher. 
Anna Haburcsak. Bessie 
Haburcsak. Mary Haburcsak. 
Dale Leverknight. Joe & 
Patricia Moehler. George & 
Cathi Neuhof, Blaine Shaffer, 
Nancy Stahl. Amanda 
Thomas, Becky Weimer, 
Wade & Nancy Weimer 

McPherson, W. Plains: Lora Coff- 
man, Lynda French, Cheryl 
Hammarlund, Jeannie Harden. 
Jo Eva Jones, Steven Kaboyo. 
Dorothy Michaelis, Douglas 
Miller, Emmanuel Smaci, 
Angela Wallick, Bitrus Bdlia, 
Denise Butler, Shannon Hull 

Mechanicsburg, S. Pa.: Lindsey 
Wakefield, Ronald Bamhart, 
Stephanie Bamhari, Marga- 
rette Knox. Denise Sieke, Carl 
Sieke, Darlene Walters 

Mexico, S/C Ind.: Peggy Owens, 
Hali Gibson, Heather Gibson. 
Holly Baker, Adam Moore, 
Dean Weaver, Janet Weaver, 
Jenny Conner, Rhonda 
Lippold, Cunis Dillman, Greg 
Donaldson, Nathan Collins, 
Rick Pierce. Janet Baker 

Mineral Creek, Mo.: Jason 
Bradley. Justyn Bradley, 
Caleb May, Reuben May 

Mohler, Atl. N.E.: Brian Loose, 
Mark Rabold 

Mount Vernon, Shen.: Teny Shu- 
maker, Carolyn Shumaker, 
Paul Henninger, Betty 
Henninger, Thelma Cash, 
Donna Falls 

Prices Creek, S. Ohio: Elsie 
Knotts, Mary Poffenber 

Pyrmont, S/C Ind.: Leon and 
Linda Welk 

South Waterloo, N. Plains: 
George Daringer, Jime 

Springfield, All. N.E.: Richard 

Troy, S. Ohio: Pam Dalton 

Uniontown, W. Pa.: Edward 
Baugh, Betty Baugh. James 

West Richmond, Virlina: Donna 
Marie. Alyce Newman. Nancy 
Curley, Wister Vernon, Ann 
Vernon, Paige Tucher, Steve 

Wilmington, Ail. N.E.: John 

Woodland, Ill./Wis.: Erin Sell, 
Julie Ann Ott, Linda Bricker, 
Marilyn Danner, Theresa 

York First, S. Pa.: Karen Gentzler 

The following wedding anni- 
versaries are listed in Turning 
Points: 50, 55, 60, 65, and 
anything after 70. Remember 
to include first and last names, 
town, state, and the number of 
the aimiversary. 


Alrey, Elven and Leta, Dayton, 

Va.. 50 
Becker, Raymond and Florence, 

Troy, Ohio, 50 

Duncanson, Harold and Kathryn, 

Modesto, Calif., 50 
Fackler, Charles and Anna Mae, 

Annville, Pa., 50 
Fike, Paul and Ella Mae. 

Bridgewater. Va.. 50 
Kiracofe, Henry and Vallie, / 

Bridgewater, Va., 50 
Koehler, Frederick and Icel, 

Udell, Iowa, 60 
Mallison, Victor and Alvetta, 

Custer, Mich.. 50 
Miles, Charles and Alma, Queen 

City. Mo.. 60 
Miller, Garland and Edith. 

Bridgewater. Va.. 50 
Miller, Versal and Grace, 

Centerville, Iowa, 50 
Sheffer, Wilson and Treva, 

Bridgewater, Va., 60 
Sisler, Warren and Lila. 

Cloverdale, Calif., 60 
Tate, Edgar and Geraldine. Salem. 

Va., 50 
Tate, Prentiss and Aurelia, Salem, 

Va.. 50 
Watson, Stanley and Alice, 

Modesto, Calif., 50 
Wine, Everette and Lela, 

Bridgewater, Va.. 50 
Ziegler, William and Florence, 

Palmyra, Pa., 60 


Adams, Oscar, 72. Ephrata, Pa.. 

Sep. 26. 1990 
Allman, Walter, 87, Dayton, Va.. 

Jul. 15, 1990 
Arey, Roy, 95, Hinton, Va.. Aug. 

10, 1990 
Bachman, Sandra JoAnn, 43, 

Glendale, Ariz.. Jun. 26. 1990 
Barnett, Luther W.. 60, Salem. 

Va., Apr. 14. 1990 
Benson, William E., 82, Mason, 

Mich.. Aug. 28. 1990 
Berheibile, Daisy R.. 92. 

Rockwood. Pa„ May 4, 1990 
Bertha, Davis, 82, Polo, 111., Oct. 

3, 1990 
Botkin, Charles, 89, Sugar Grove, 

W. Va..Jul. 8, 1990 
Bowser, Edward Sr., 87, York, 

Pa.. Sep. 12. 1990 
Cable, Oscar. 88. Monticello. 111., 

Apr. 15. 1990 
Capps, G. Glenn, 80, Cerro 

Gordo, 111., Apr. 9. 1990 
Carnall, Waldon, 84, La Verne, 

Calif, Oct. 21. 1990 
Cash, Jesse, 74, Harrisonburg, 

Va.. Sep. 6. 1990 
Coleman, Nellie. 80, Caldwell, 

Idaho, Jul. 18. 1990 
Craun, Dee, 87, Bridgewater, Va., 

Oct. 23. 1990 
Cupp, Daniel, 87. Staunton. Va., 

Jul. 26, 1990 
Danielson, Era Bemice, 87, Hair- 
field, Iowa, Sep. 30, 1990 
Davis, Earl, 74, Mechanicsburg, 

Pa.. Oct. 19. 1990 
Delawder, Vesta. 64. Broadway, 

Va., Oct. 23, 1990 
Dillon, Macie, 82, Roanoke, Va., 

Sep. 28. 1990 
Dorraugh, Charles, 81, Luray, 

Va., Sep. 19, 1990 
Eagles, Mabel, 85, Palmyra, Pa., 

Jul. 21, 1990 
Eavers, Melvin R., 81, Stuarts 

Draft, Va., Aug. 2, 1990 

Ebersole, Effie, 77, Palmyra, Pa., 

Sep. 2. 1990 
Eby, Ralph V.. 67. Elkhart. Ind.. 

Oct. 28. 1990 
Enyeart, Effie M.. 88. S. Whitley, 

Ind., Oct. 14, 1990 
Evans, Gladys, 96, Glendora, 

Calif, Oct. 20. 1990 
Everhart, Mary. 85. San Dimas. 

Iowa. Aug. 28. 1990 
Evers, Melvin. 80. Stuarts Draft, 

Aug. 2, 1990 
Fitzwater, Marshall. 75. Harrison- 
burg. Va.. Aug. 31, 1990 
Flook, Roger, 82, Boonsboro. 

Md.. Aug. 12. 1990 
Flora, Opel. 90. Boones Mill. Va., 

Aug. 28, 1990 
Garber, Wilbur. 91. Bridgewater. 

Va..Sep. 11. 1990 
Gochenour, Thomas. 32, 

Edinburg, Va.. Aug. 26. 1990 
Heckman, Eunice, 85, Decatur, 

111.. May 25. 1990 
Hellam, Anna Mae, 78, Phoenix, 

Ariz.. Feb. 17, 1990 
Hendershot. Sandra, 51, Polo. 111., 

Sep. 23. 1990 
Hess, Max. 74, Harrisonburg, Va., 

Aug. 13, 1990 
Higgs, Myrtle, 70, Harrisonburg, 

Va..Oct. 20. 1990 
Horst, Brian, 18, Lebanon. Pa.. 

Oct. 26. 1990 
Jacobs, Mary Propst, 97, Bridge- 
water, Va.. Jan. 30. 1990 
Jones, John E.. 81. Hagerstown, 

Md,, Jun. 30. 1990 
Judy, Monna, 94, Franklin, W. 

Va.. Sep. 6. 1990 
Kestner, Lillian. 80. Twin Falls. 

Idaho, Oct. 22, 1990 
Kestner, Lincoln, 81, Twin Falls, 

Idaho, Sep. 2. 1990 
Kline, Mary, 60, Washington, 

DC, Oct. 21, 1990 
Kline, Orpha. 74. Wardensville. 

W. Va..Jul. 17, 1990 
Kohart, Bemice, 87, Continental, 

Ohio, Sep. 28. 1990 
Kurtz, Eula Rose, 88, Phoenix, 

Anz., Sep. 3, 1990 
Lambert, Arthur, 80, Franklin, W. 

Va., Jul. 4, 1990 
Lee, Leslie H.. 60. Modesto, 

Calif., Aug. 20. 1990 
Lehman, William, 66, York, Pa.. 

Sep. 19, 1990 
Lesby, Russell, 84, Falls Church, 

Va..Oct. 20, 1990 
Lichty, Stephen A.. 30, Waterloo, 

Iowa, Nov. 1. 1990 
Luster, Sarah, 84, Roanoke, Va., 

Sep. 16. 1990 
Manner, Mary. 98, Wakarusa, 

Ind.. Oct. 13. 1990 
Marchand, Dorothy, 81, McPher- 
son, Kan.. Oct. 28. 1990 
May, Rhoda, 85, Fulks Run, Va.. 

Aug. 13, 1990 
McCumber, Helen, 72, Scottville, 

Mich., Oct. 1. 1990 
McKinney, O'Neil. 66, Mechan- 
icsburg, Pa.. Jul. 2. 1990 
Mellinger, Emily, at birth, 

Pyrmont, Ind.. Jul. 18. 1990 
Mellinger, Seldon, 78, Carlisle, 

Pa., Sep. 30. 1990 
Mikesell, Zelma, 83, Greenville, 

Ohio, Sep. 23. 1990 
Miller, Dove. 81. Bridgewater. 

Va.,Oct. 2, 1990 
Miller, Icie V., 88, Harrisonburg, 

Va., Oct. 28, 1990 

Miller, Mary. 84, Mount Jackson, 

Va.. Jul. 12. 1990 
Minnie, Ralph, 8 1 , La Verne, 

Calif., Oct. 19. 1990 
Mitchell, Hazel, 86, Broadway, 

Va. Aug. 15. 1990 
Mitchell, William S., 78, Tacoma, 

Wash.. Aug. 30. 1990 
Mongold, Mallie V., 82, 

Hamsburg, Pa.. Sep, 18. 1990 
Moomaw, Ira W.. 96. Jackson- 
ville, Fla. Oct. 2, 1990 
Morell, Mary, 67, Custer, Mich., 

Jul. 18. 1990 
Newman, A. B.. 95. Salem. Va., 

Oct. 27. 1990 
Nininger, R. Douglas. 84, 

Roanoke, Va.. Sep. 25. 1990 
Noffsinger, Irene W.. 71. Elkhart. 

Ind.. Oct. 16. 1990 
Painter, David Franklin. 77. 

Palmyra. Pa.. Jun. 4, 1990 
Palmer, William, 72. Astoria, 111., 

Jul. 8. 1990 
Petry, Earl, 97, Eaton, Ohio, Oct. 

20. 1990 
Price, Ethel, 71, Broadway, Va., 

Oct. 16. 1990 
Rhoades, Louise. 80. Rocky Ford, 

Colo.. Oct. 7. 1990 
Rummel, Martha. 83. Greenville, 

Ohio, Sep, 25, 1990 
Shank, Gertrude M,, 85, 

Lancaster, Pa., Oct. 13, 1990 
Shepherd, Charles, 9 1 , Tampa, 

Ha., Apr. 12, 1990 
Shepherd, Fannie, 97, Tampa, 

Fla., Sep. 24. 1990 
Shoemaker, Earle. 72. CoUege- 

ville. Pa.. Jun. 10. 1990 
Sisler, Warren, 84, Cloverdale, 

Calif., Sep, 27, 1990 
Slead, Minnie Mae, 97, Kalona, 

Iowa, Oct. 6, 1990 
Smucker, Carl S.. 80. Sun City, 

Ariz., May 19, 1990 
Smyser, Henry, 82, Dallastown, 

Pa., Sep. 29, 1990 
Snyder, Irene E.. 87. North Man- 
chester, Ind., Oct. 22. 1990 
Sowers, Bertha, 86, Floyd, Va., 

Jul. 21, 1990 
Speer, Cecil M.. 83, Loma Linda, 

Calif.. Aug. 11. 1990 
Stalder, Edith, 86, Cen-o Gordo, 

111, Jun. 14, 1990 
Stauffer, Miriam, 70. Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., Oct. 21. 1990 
Stubbs, Mildred, 88, Richmond, 

Ind., Sep. 30. 1990 
Summers, Willie M., 93, Bridge- 
water, Va.. Sep. 7. 1990 
Travis, Dorothy A., 8 1 . Wenat- 

chee. Wash., Oct. 24. 1990 
Turner, Virginia. 76. Stanley. Va.. 

Jul. 9. 1990 
Wagoner, Dwight, 68, Pyrmont, 

Ind.. Aug. 24. 1990 
Wertz, Wilbert. 78. Blue Ridge, 

Va..Jul. 26. 1990 
Whitehead, Wallace. 65. Phoenix. 

Ariz., May 7. 1990 
Wieand, Viola, 99, Peoria, 111.. 

Mar. 20. 1990 
Williams, Robert E.. 77. Carlisle, 

Pa.. Oct. 14. 1990 
Wine, Effie, 102, Mount Sidney, 

Va.. Sep. 20, 1990 
Wood, Pearl, 83, Broadway, Va.. 

Aug. 28, 1990 
Wright, Fred H., 82. Youngtown, 

Ahz.. Feb. 28, 1990 
Zimmerman, Ruth C, 85. Bridge- 
water, Va.. Jun. 18, 1990 

January 1991 Messenger 35 

Christmas past 

I've always been a bit intrigued by the idea that 
children resemble their parents. Since I'm 
adopted, I had no firsthand experience with what 
is really a very commonplace idea. 

So quite regularly, now, I gaze on my own 
child with a sense of wonder. The eyes and nose 
are unmistakeably mine. The mouth and hair 
come straight from her dad. And I think I can 
take credit or blame for that independent streak 
that I see developing. 

It is a bit incredible to see these pieces of a 
previous generation emerging in a new human 
being who is, regardless, developing into a 
unique person in her own right. She will no doubt 
be very different from the child we expect to 
arrive in a few months. 

It's natural to think of babies and births at 
Christmastime. It's an even more compelling 
connection when one has a toddler underfoot and 
a baby in the making. The birth of one's babies is 
every woman's Christmas, writes Madeleine 

As our 20-month-old folds her hands in 
nighttime prayers and learns the names of the 
figures in the creche, I am overwhelmed by the 
innocence of childhood and the astonishing 
choice that God made to send his Son in the form 
of a baby. 

How did God choose to send this Savior 
through the common experience of childbirth? 
What did God ponder as he gazed for the first 
time at the human face of his Son? Did God, like 
any new parent, marvel at the tiny fingers? 

And what did Mary ponder as she gazed at 
the divine face of her son? Did she look for the 
curve of her mouth in his face? Was she mysti- 
fied by a child fully divine and fully human? 

36 Messenger January 1991 

Between Christmas and Epiphany, a day we 
low-church Christians are scarcely aware of, lies 
another day even more obscure— Holy Innocents' 
Day, which recalls Herod's slaughter of the 
innocent babies of Bethlehem. After that day, 
what did Mary ponder as she gazed at her baby's 

That story, like others that tell of children 
taken from their parents, cuts into some new part 
of me now that I am a mother. It never fit well 
with the shepherds and the angels, of course, but 
now I am even more capable of grasping its 
horror. 'When Herod lashes out at God incarnate, 
Christmas is over. 

On Christmas day, is this what God saw 
foreshadowed in the face of his Son? Is this what 
Mary saw? 

When we reach January, we have finished our 
festivities and unpacked the post-Christmas blues. 
When we reach Epiphany, we have come through 
both Christmas and Holy Innocents' Day. We 
have seen God's most glorious gift, and we have 
seen humankind's most terrible response. We 
have seen candlelight, and we have seen the harsh 
reality of desert sun. We have seen the olive 
branch of peace, and we have seen the machinery 
of war. 


> ut God sent his own Holy Innocent, who bears 
the likeness of the one who sent him. The story of 
Christmas will not be complete until Easter. 

That is what we remember as we weep with 
Rachel for her children, as we bow in adoration 
with the magi, as we gaze at the face of the Child. 
When Christmas is past, Christmas still is 
present.-WENDY Chamberlain McFadden 

Our shirts will suit you to a T 


Shipping address (no box numbers)- 


Sizes and colors available (shirt color is listed first; ink colors are neon green and neon pink): 


large and extra large: black/green, black/pink, white/green, white/pink, raspberry/green, royal blue/pink. 
medium: raspberry/green, royal blue/pink. 


2-4: white/pink, royal blue/green, royal blue/pink. 

6-8: black/pink, black/green, raspberry/green, royal blue/pink. 

10-12: black/green, black/pink, white/pink, white/green, raspberry/green, royal blue/pink. 

Quantity Size Shirt color Ink color Price 



Total enclosed: 

(Payment must be included. ) 

Send order form and check to Messenger T-shirts, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 (800-323-8039). 
Please make checks payable to Messenger/General Board. 

Have you noticed? MESSENGER has gotten closer 
to home. 

We've expanded our local news into two sec- 
tions-In Touch and Close to Home. In Touch 
profiles people we'd like you to meet. Close to 
Home highlights news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, and other local and regional life. 

But that's not all. Mixed Reviews offers you a 
Brethren critique of various media. Turning 
Points lists new members of the church. And, be- 
ginning this month, the informal Stepping Stones 
column promises to help you through life's ups 
and downs. 

Take a closer look. We're closer to you. 

MESSENGER. We're bringing you home. 


with love! - 

For many years we've wondered how the Church of the Breth- 
ren might get MESSENGER into every Brethren home. While 
Messenger reaches 24,000 subscribers, what about the other 
36,000 or so Brethren households (figuring roughly two and a 
half people per household divided into a denominational 
membership of about 150,000)? 

Well, that is now happening with the issue 
you're holding in your hands. Through a one-time 
cooperative effort of Messenger and the stew- 
ardship staff, this issue is being provided free to 
an additional 40,000 households. The Sudan 
articles and a special centerfold will help congre- 
gations learn more about the ministries supported 
through the One Great Hour of Sharing offering 
emphasis, and it's through that major interpreta- 
tion effort that the free magazines are being 
distributed to congregations in a quantity that we 
hope is roughly the same as the number of 
households. (We're not sending bundles to those 
churches that already subscribe for all their members.) 

In addition to providing extra exposure to the One Great 
Hour of Sharing material, we hope many people will take a 
closer look at Messenger, and consider subscribing. 

And, by the way, a closer look at this issue will reveal yet 
another innovation. We're launching a series of occasional 
features that help you relate your Christian faith to daily life. 
We hope this series, called "Faith at Home," will enrich you. 


COMING NEXT MONTH: Articles on evangelism and 
Nigeria's Rural Health Program, plus reports from Brethren 
visitors to Iraq. 

February 1! 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford. Karia Boyers 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast, Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; lUinois/Wiscon 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Leo 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana, Lois I 
Michigan, Marie Willoughby; Mid-Atlanl 
Ann Fouls; Missouri, Mary Greim; Mis- 
souri/Southern Arkansas, Mary McGowaj 
Northern Plains, Pauline Flory; Northern 
Ohio, Shen-y Sampson; OregonAVashingi 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe; 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania. Peg| 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania, Jay Chrisli 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer; 
West Marva. Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of th 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as second 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, Nc 

1, 1984. Messenger is a 
A^ member of the Associated 
"""" /^' Church Press and a subscribe 

to Religious News Service an 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate, $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gif 
subscriptions. Student rate 75(2 an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send witl 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. M\o\ 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com- 
mission, Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin, 
111., and at additional mailing office, Feb- 
ruary 1991. Copyright 1990, Church of thi 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 

In Touch 2 
Close to Home 
Vews 6 
Column 1 1 
iitepping Stones 
^ixed Reviews 
setters 33 
Opinions 34 
'ontius' Puddle 
rurning Points 
Editorial 40 





rover: United Nations 
!: Thad Allton/ropfia Capital-Journal 
! top: Phil/Kathy Jones 
I bottom: Irene S. Reynolds 
V. Bob Fellers 
i left: Sue Radcliff 
i right: Florence Firebaugh 
' left, 12-13: George Keeler 
i top: Cheryl Cayford 
i bottom, 10 bottom, 17, 24 bottom: 
Wendy McFadden 
10 top: RNS/Robert Boczkiewicz 
1 6, 27 art: Kermon Thomasson 
19, 24: J. Roger Schrock 
!1, 23: R. Jan Thompson 
!2, 24 top: Phil Grout 

A lawyer with convictions 12 

Bob Bowman introduces Phil Stone, the yirginia attorney 
who will moderate the 1991 Annual Conference. 

Cain Lackey: A mountain legend 15 

The moderator's great-grandfather was a legendary moun- 
taineer preacher. Story by Kermon Thomasson. 

Sudan prays for peace 1 9 

Roger Schrock 's recent trip to Sudan revealed a deep hunger 
for peace. Article by Wendy McFadden. 

Hunger in Sudan 21 

The situation in Sudan is desperate, say Jan and Roma Jo 
Thompson, Brethren workers there. Interview by Cheryl 

Taming the tube 27 

Parents must help kids monitor the media, says Quentin J. 
Schultze. Interview by the editors of U.S. Catholic. 

page 27 

Cover: A Liber ian mother and child. This year the Church of the Brethren 
has provided $25,000 through its Emergency Disaster Fund for people in 
Liberia, who are suffering from a year of ruthless violence from the civil war. 
Food and medical needs are severe. 

These grants have been made in response to Church World Service's 
appeal for $1 million from US churches. More than 80 percent of the 
population in the capital dry of Monrovia are malnourished. Hardest hit are 
women, children, and the elderly. 

Relief and development assistance in Liberia and elsewhere around the 
world are made possible through such efforts as the One Great Hour of 
Sharing, highlighted in this issue with a special insert. 

February 1991 Messenger 1 

Flap jack quilter 

Lewis Butts became a quilter 
by need. His wife, Cleo, 
needed someone to piece 
quilt tops for her when she 
became unable to do work at 
her sewing machine. 

Lewis now pieces quilts for 
the women's fellowship at 
the Topeka (Kan.) church. 

and I couldn't make the 
comers match," he says. 

Lewis has boxes of fabric 
blocks already cut, just 
waiting for him to sew 
together. Many are made 
from double-knit fabric for 
lap quilts that the church 
group will "coarse quilt." 
There are between 30 and 35 
of the quilt tops waiting for 

■ I /I Touch' ' profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to ' 'In 
Touch," Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

One of the quilts he cut out 
and pieced— in a personally 
designed pink and blue Tic 
Tac Toe pattern— was auc- 
tioned at the church's Dun- 
kerfest Days in September. 

After Lewis pieced the 
quilt, the women's group, 
including Cleo, met weekly 
to quilt it by hand. Lewis cuts 
fabric blocks and pieces and 
binds quilts, but doesn't do 
the hand quilting. 

He does, however, cut all 
his quilt pieces with scissors, 
though he has a faster rotary 
cutter. "Some say I'm awful 
particular because some of 
the patches the women cut, 
they didn't cut true enough 

the women to quilt, and 
Lewis estimates the group 
has already completed 50. 
Some are donated to the 
Rescue Mission or North 
Topeka Outreach, and others 
are sold to individuals or to 
benefit the church. 

The Butts have also col- 
laborated on some quilts for 
their children and grand- 

Lewis is known as the 
"Flap Jack Man" in the 
Good Sam recreational ve- 
hicle organization. He fries 
pancakes at Good Sam gath- 
erings and at state meetings 
has been known to use 150 
pounds of mix. 

"I like to keep my hands 
going. If I read a little, I go to 
sleep, so then I go back and 
start sewing. That's the way I 
relax, I guess."— Anita 
Miller Fry 

This article is excerpted from the 
Topeka Capital-Journal, with 

Walker with a cause 

From the rural hills of 
southern Virginia, to the 
lakefront of Chicago, III., 
Andy Jones is a walker with 
a cause. Just ask him. Ask 
him why he is always ready 
to step off on the next walk 
designed for supporting some 
worthy group or social 

His answer will be a solid, 
no-doubt-about-it, " 'cause 
it's fun." That's reason 
enough for this nine-year-old 
presently living with his 
family in Oak Brook, 111. 

Andy's first experience 
was in a world hunger walk 
sponsored by his home con- 
gregation, the Antioch (Va.) 
church. He, along with 124 
others, stepped off together 
on the first of what has 
become an annual event for 
raising money to help fight 
world hunger. 

Since then, Andy has 
walked in a CROP walk in 
Virginia as well as one in 
Lombard, 111. He joined over 
800 other walkers in a 16- 
mile trek along the lakefront 
of Chicago last April. This 
walk generated thousands of 
dollars for research of 
multiple sclerosis. This fall 
he was also involved in other 

Andy enjoys the fellowship 
and fun and senses the good 
that comes from such events. 

2 Messenger February 1991 

He likes the idea that lots of 
money can be raised this way 
to help people. Those who 
see him grow and develop 
glimpse more. But for Andy, 
this is reason enough. 
—Phil and Kathy Jones 

Rabbits, rabbits, rabbits 

"I can't keep all my baby 
rabbits," says Carolyn 
Martin, a 16-year-old 
member of the Ottawa (Kan.) 

"Donating them to Heifer 
Project International is the 
next best thing. I know I'm 
starting a chain of helping 
others when I give my rabbits 
as breeding stock to HPI, and 
the offspring go to less 
fortunate people who donate 
their first-born doe to 
someone else." 

"Carolyn names, feeds, 
and gives tender loving care 

to all her rabbits," says her 
mother, Mrs. Richard Martin. 
"She hugs and talks to them, 
and cries hard when they 
leave for HPI's 1,200-acre 
ranch at Perryville, Ark.. And 
we never, ever think about 
eating one." 

Each year, Carolyn takes 
her rabbits to The Bishop's 
Roundup in November in 
Lawrence. There, Heifer 
Project trailers load up used 
clothing and livestock. The 
intemational project, started 
in 1944 by Brethren Dan 
West, of Goshen, Ind., now 
has 150 projects in 44 

Last year, Carolyn donated 
five Dutch rabbits. Her 
parents received a tax 
exemption of $75, and the 
receipt indicated that the 
baby bunnies went to an 
Indian reservation in Sioux 
Falls, S. D. 

Carolyn was 10 years old 
when Helen Jamison, another 
Brethren from rural Ottawa, 
gave her a Heifer Project 
T-shirt. She was so "turned 
on to HPI" that she chose it 
as the topic of an eighth 
grade heritage project. 

While other students were 
digging into family histories, 
Carolyn researched Heifer 
Project from the time during 

the Spanish Civil War when 
Dan West doled out pow- 
dered milk and decided, "If a 
cup, why not a cow." 

In comparison to heifers, 
rabbits efficiently and quickly 
convert food into meat. The 
offspring of prolific rabbits 
can total 150 pounds of meat 
in one year. 

Most of the 17 rabbits 
Carolyn has donated have 
been crossbreeds from white 
Califomian bucks. She's had 
New Zealand, Mixed Satin, 
and even Champagne 
d'Argent, a rabbit bom with 
black fur that changes to 

Carolyn is on her high 
school honor roll and is 
president of her 4-H club. 
Her near-future plans are to 
get a part-time job cleaning 
out animal pens for a 
veterinarian; her long-range 
plans are to work in a zoo. 
-Irenes. Reynolds 

TV for children 

Brethren media education 
volunteer Ramona Pence, 

who gives workshops on 
media and children, and 
Brethren Jean Meyer, were 
among about 50 people from 
various denominations at a 
symposium on "Television 
and Children" in November. 
Initial plans were made to 
create and produce a high- 
quality, value-based chil- 
dren's television program 
dealing with affective 
development. "The United 
Methodist communication 
team will meet to find 
sponsors, set goals, and test 
some pilots," reported 
Ramona. "At this point they 
don't know what type of 
children's program it will be, 

what vehicle (public, cable, 
or network), or what age they 
will target. It was the 
beginning step." 

Names in the news 

Daria Kay Bowman, a 

student at Bridgewater (Va.) 
College, will spend three 
weeks in February as an 
intern at the Quaker United 
Nations office in Geneva, 
Switzerland, monitoring the 
UN human rights commission 

Dale Ott, of Geneva, 
Switzerland, visited Romania 
in November as a member of 
the Christian Children's Fund 
team that spoke with officials 
concerning family-based 
living alternatives for 
institutionalized children. 

Gary and JuliAnne 
Bowser Sloughfy have been 
instrumental in starting a 
Habitat for Humanity chapter 
in Fostoria, Ohio. JuliAnne, 
pastor of the Fostoria church, 
has volunteered in helping 
form the new chapter, of 
which Gary is president. 

Phyllis and ClifTord 
Oshel, and son Johnathan, 
of the Topeka (Kan.) church, 
were one of five families 
selected as Topeka family of 
the year. The Oshels have 
taken in three teenagers who 
otherwise would be in insti- 
tutions for homeless youth. 

Anna Snyder, of First 
church in Chicago, 111., is 
associate director of the 
Albert Einstein Peace Prize 
Foundation and helped organ- 
ize a January seminar in 
Moscow, with Mikhail 
Gorbachev as the keynote 
speaker. The foundation 
awarded him its peace prize 
in June. 

February Messenger 1991 3 

■ 'Close to Home' ' highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 


Fifty-two years ago Novem- 
ber 9, the peace of the world 
was shattered by Kristall- 
nacht in Germany— "the 
night of broken glass' "—when 
Jewish homes, property, and 
synagogues were destroyed 
and 30,000 Jews were carried 
off to concentration camps. 

Ira Lydic, pastor of the 
Lebanon (Pa.) church, gave 
the sermon at a recent Jewish 
observance of Kristallnacht. 

In the summer of 1990, the 
Lydics went to Germany to 
visit their daughter, who is an 
exchange student. Visiting 
the Dachau concentration 
camp, Ira noted the silence of 
visitors in the presence of the 
gas chambers and was 
impressed by a sign that said: 
"If we do not remember the 
lessons of the past, we are 
doomed to repeat the mis- 
takes of the past." 

Eager not to "repeat the 
mistakes of the past," he 
conferred with his friend 
Louis Zivic, rabbi of the Beth 
Israel Synagogue, and the 
idea of a community com- 
memoration service was 
formed. Eight people 
representing different faiths 
participated in the service and 
Ira gave the sermon. Spon- 
sors included almost 50 
Protestant and Catholic 

Mindful of a common 
heritage, the people of good 
faith in Lebanon Valley 
joined in commemorating 
Kristallnacht by leaving 
building lights on as beacons 
in the night. 

On the previous Sunday 
Rabbi Zivic attended the 
Lebanon church to invite the 
congregation to the Kris- 
tallnacht service, while 
members of a Roman 

Catholic church were in the 
basement preparing noon 
meals for the needy. Three 
very different faiths— within 
the same walls— with no 
barriers between them. 
-Harlan D. Bross 

Paving the way 

The Hagerstown (Md.) 
congregation is getting 
"lots" of use from its park- 
ing lot. As an outgrowth of 
involvement in the Education 
for Urban Ministries pro- 
gram, the church has worked 
to identify some needs of 
people in the immediate area 

to which they might relate. 

One simple act of friend- 
ship has been to allow 
neighbors to park in desig- 
nated areas of the church lot, 
except on Sunday momings. 

In October, the church held 
its fourth annual Fall Festival, 
and the parking lot was trans- 
formed into a petting zoo, 
with sheep, goats, rabbits, 
and chickens. Free refresh- 
ments were provided, and 
inside the church were dis- 
plays, games for children, 
bingo (with groceries for 
prizes), and music. 

"We wanted to give people 
in the community the feeling 
that they are free to enter the 
church, and that it's a place 

Kids Night Out with God (K.N.0.W. God) is a weekly Bible 
study for children ages 4 to 12 at the Castine (Ohio) church. 
During the Pn'o years it has been in progress, attendance has 
grown from about 10 to 40. Sharon Fellers, one of six teach- 
ers, says the church felt the children could benefit from 
additional Bible study outside of Sunday school. 

Separated according to age, the three classes have, among 
other things, spent time studying their heritage by writing 
letters to CROP, Heifer Project, and mission projects to learn 
more about what Brethren are doing. 

Twenty minutes of music from the study hour has given rise 
to the congregation s first children s choir. Other activities 
include crafts, keeping prayer journals, and community 
activity such as ' 'pick-a-treat' ' at Halloween, when the 
children take goodies to others instead of collecting them. 

4 Messenger February 1991 

where they're welcome," 
says Guy Wampler, pastor of 
the congregation. 

Yet another use for their 
pavement evolved last May, 
when free table space was 
provided on the church lot for 
a community yard sale. 

What's happening 

Camp Mardella has pro- 
duced an audio tape of camp 

songs entitled "Mardella's 
Musical Memories." 
As part of an International 
1 Peace Lantern Exchange 
I Project, children from the 
I Westminster (Md.) church 
created peace lanterns they 
sent to the Soviet Union and 
held a ceremony setting 
afloat lanterns they received 
j from Soviet children. 
j Ridgeway Community 
' church in Harrisburg, Pa., 
hosted a 14th annual volley- 
ball marathon with more than 
100 people representing nine 
Brethren churches. In 24 
hours $84,000 was raised for 
Heifer Project International. 

"The King's Kids" 
Sunday school class of the 
Parker Ford (Pa.) church 
raised $750 by recycling 20 
tons of glass. Now the con- 
gregation is enjoying padded, 
upholstered pews the money 
helped purchase. 

Happy One Hundred! 

The University of La Verne 

(Calif.) celebrates its centen- 
nial with festivals and awards 

throughout the 1990-91 year. 
Harold Fasnacht, president 
emeritus 1948-68, received 
the first centennial medallion 
for his 42 years of service. 

After 43 years of coaching 
the La Verne football team, 
Roland Ortmayer was 
awarded a centennial medal 
of distinction at halftime of 
his final game in November. 
Herman Landis, 92, one of 
the oldest La Verne alumni, 
has also been honored with a 
distinguished service medal 
for his ongoing support over 
the past 70 years. 

Manchester College, in 
North Manchester, Ind., won 
first place in a National Asso- 
ciation for Campus Activities 
contest to find the college 
with the most outrageous, 
creative, unusual, imagina- 
tive, or bizarre outdoor event. 
The prize-winning activities 
included a hog-roast, a 
lifesize monopoly game, and 
a mudfest. 

A recent Beverage Respon- 
sibility Education Week at 
Juniata College in Hunting- 
don, Pa., included a "Happy 
Hour" with "mocktails" and 
Friday night entertainment 
with a keg of draft birch beer, 
as well as lectures on drink- 
ing and driving. "This is not 
an anti-alcohol campaign," 
said one student organizer. 
Chuck Howells. "Instead we 
hope to promote responsible 

Memories mal<e money 

A book by Geraldine Crill 
Eller is helping raise money 
for the Mustard Seed Day 
Care Center sponsored by the 
Wenatchee (Wash.) Brethren 
Baptist Church United. 
Each donor of $10 or more 

Thirteen new members joined the Clover Creek church in a 
special 200th anniversary baptism in the nearby Clover Creek. 

gets a free copy of A Pot- 
pourri of People, a collection 
of memories of people and 
events that helped shape and 
sustain the church. 

"Even with much donated 
labor, we still need cash," 
Geraldine writes. "I decided 
that offering a free book for a 
donation to the center would 
bring in more revenue than 
passing the collection plate. It 

The center provides care 
for latchkey children as well 
as preschool services five 
days a week. Organizers have 
also designated a room for 
English classes for home- 
bound Hispanic mothers, 
Geraldine reports. 


Anyone who has ever been a 
camper at Camp Mon-Dak, 

near Dunseith, N. D., is 
invited to an all-camper 
reunion July 12-14. "We're 
hoping to reach people who 
have at some time been in the 
camp and would like to come 
back," said organizer Ruth 
Clark. Contact her at Rt. 2, 
Box 36, Froid, MT 59226; 
(406) 963-2533. 


The Clover Creek church in 
Fredericksburg, Pa., observed 
its 200th anniversary with a 
weekend of special activities 
in September. In an old- 
fashioned baptism in nearby 
Clover Creek, 1 3 new 
members were received. 

Center Hill church near 
Kittanning, Pa., celebrated 
1 70 years October 2 1 . 

The La Verne (Calif.) 
church celebrated the 100th 
anniversary of its founding 
November 3. 

The Freeport (III.) church 
observed its 75th anniversary 
October 28. 

The Cooperative Disaster 
Child Care program 
celebrated its 10th anniver- 
sary in October. 

La Mision de Jesus in 
McFarland, Calif., has been 
received as a Church of the 
Brethren fellowship by 
Pacific Southwest District. 

The Somerset (Pa.) church 
held a mortgage burning 
October 2 1 to celebrate the 
conclusion of part of its 
renovation program. 

Bethel Temple church in 
Pomona, Calif., has been 
disorganized. Its final service 
was held January 28, 1990. 

February Messenger 1991 5 

Christian Peacemal<er Teams 
group reports on trip to Iraq 

A Brethren, Quaker, and Mennonite 
Christian Peacemaker Teams delegation 
that traveled to Iraq November 21 — 
December 1 says war can be avoided if 
the US shows respect for Iraq's point of 
view and for Arab culture. 

The 12-member group, including 
Brethren Julie Garber and Bill Keim, 
met in Iraq with government officials 
and with officials of the US and Cana- 
dian embassies, as well as leaders in a 
women's organization, school children, a 
hospital administrator, and a Syrian 
Catholic bishop. 

The highest-level meeting took place 
with Nazir Hamdoon, Iraq's deputy 
foreign minister. Hamdoon and delega- 
tion members discussed the possibility of 
using third-party negotiators with 
international profiles, such as Roger 
Fisher and Ramsey Clark, to arbitrate the 

In addition, the team urged the release 
of all foreign "hostages" and specifi- 
cally asked for the release of six US 
citizens with serious medical conditions, 
giving names provided by the US State 

"Only later did we learn that five of 
the six were released to Muhammad Ali, 
who also went to Baghdad to seek 
freedom for captives," reported Julie 
Garber. "The five had been held in 
strategic sites and claim to have been 
treated well." 

A $12,000 shipment of medicine for 
infants and children, prepared by the 
New Windsor (Md.) Service Center, was 
presented by the group to the Red 
Crescent Society, the Arab equivalent of 
the Red Cross. The delegation reported a 
shortage of vaccines and medicines, 
water purification chemicals, and fuel 

"I'm generally hopeful that there will 
not be an armed conflict," Garber told 
reporters at a press conference upon 
returning to New York December 1 . 
Iraqi leaders are willing "to put any- 
thing on the negotiating table," she said. 

CRT coordinator and team member 
Gene Stoltzfus said, "Iraq will not pull 

6 Messenger February 1991 

back until their matters (about dissatis- 
faction with Kuwaiti leaders) are talked 
about in a serious way." Iraqi leaders 
believe Kuwait took advantage of Iraq 
during its war with Iran, he said, and 
they believe they have a right to Kuwaiti 

The delegation also included Quaker 
Landrum Boiling, who has extensive 
experience in informal diplomacy 
between US and Soviet leaders and US 
and Palestinian leaders. 

"I think we're part of a pretty solid 
voice that opposes a military operation" 
to end the crisis, Garber said. "And I 
hope we demonstrated that to Iraq and, 
more importantly, to our own govern- 

(The March Messenger will cany 
first-hand reports of the trip from Julie 
Garber and Bill Keim and a news report 
from a December trip by general 
secretary Donald Miller, with 18 other 
top US church leaders, to cities in the 
Middle East.) 

Bretliren Press becomes 
a center for resources 

In a move intended to make Brethren 
Press the center for development of 
resources for Brethren congregations and 
members, the editorial and publishing 
units of Brethren Press have been shifted 
into the Parish Ministries Commission. 
The shift came after a decision at the 
October General Board meeting to put 
the press under the direction of the 
treasurer's office, moving it from the 
General Services Commission. 

Order fulfillment and Brethren Press 
finances are now administered by the 
treasurer's office, and order procedures 
will not change. An editorial unit, 
directed by editor of study resources 
Julie Garber, and a publishing unit, 
directed by Brethren Press publisher 
Robert Dumbaugh, are administered in 
the Parish Ministries Commission. Pub- 
lishing goals, decisions, and recommen- 
dations are made or reviewed by the 
publishing council, now to be convened 
by Dumbaugh. 

The editing and publishing units will I 
begin to examine what resources the 
Brethren most need, said PMC executivt 
Joan Deeter. "Beyond that we will 
obviously be exploring which of our 
pieces will serve a wider audience." 

Brethren Press will now do more to 
publicize and explain the work of the 
church, especially the Goals for the '90s 
said Deardorff. More work in communi- 
cation will help the denominational stafl 
districts, and congregations work 
together to achieve the goals, he said. 

The press continues to sell to a wider 
readership through the "faithQuest" 
venture, which markets Brethren Press 
products. FaithQuest has been made a 
separate department, Deardorff said, so 
that its financial success or failure does 
not affect the regular workings of 
Brethren Press. 

"I've had some concern that if 
Brethren Press is seen as only an 
income-producing unit," said general 
secretary Donald Miller, "then it's unde 
heavy pressure to balance its budget. I 
believe that Brethren Press is primarily 
to resource the congregations. 

"There's been talk about how we hav^ 
two editorial staffs, one in PMC, and om 
in Brethren Press," he added. " 'Breth- 
ren Press' will continue to be the way of 
designating or identifying the publishing 
function" of the church. 

Peace, creation, and structure! 
Iiead Conference discussion 

Among business on the agenda for the 
July 2-7 Annual Conference in Portland, 
Ore., are proposed statements on 
peacemaking and creation, a report from 
the denominational structure review 
committee, and a series of new queries. 

The peacemaking paper offers 
guidance for the ministry of peacemak- 
ing to individuals and congregations. 
The statement is an unfinished item of 
business from last year. Also unfinished 
business is the 1990 paper on creation, 
which Conference decided to circulate a 
a study document. The paper has been 
revised and is brought for approval as a 

enominational statement. 

The structure review committee will 
ive a report on its assignment to review 
hurch structure as a way of enhancing 
le church's ministries. 

Queries for discussion at Conference 

New relationships with Brethren 
eritage churches worldwide. Atlantic 
outheast District asks Conference to 
cause the Church of the Brethren USA 

take initiative in approaching the 
ther churches around the world who 
link of themselves as of the Schwar- 
enau Brethren heritage to consider 
j/ays of meeting together for worship, 
;llowship, mutual encouragement, and 
oint planning of how we might work 
jgether and witness to Christ's love in 
,ie world." 

1 Query on missions to unreached 
eople groups. Northern Indiana Dis- 

The 1991 Annual 
Conference logo 
Brethren to expe- 
rience, proclaim, 
and share the joy 
of worshiping a 
living God. 

Jesus Christ as the Savior of the world 
and as head of the Church according to 
the Scriptures." 

The nature of the church. Atlantic 
Northeast District asks Conference to 
appoint a study committee to report in 
1992 with a statement on "the essential 
nature of the Church of the Brethren, 
that without which we would no longer 
be the Church of the Brethren," suggest- 
ing that such a statement would be 
useful in church planting in new ethnic 
and geographic areas. 

Query on organ and tissue donation. 
Northern Ohio District asks Conference 
to recommend a church response in 
educating and encouraging members as 
to how they might help relieve the 
suffering of individuals requiring organ 
and tissue donations. 

Ethics in ministry relations. Oregon- 
Washington District asks Conference to 

recommend tithing. 

Phillip Stone, Annual Conference 
moderator, will preside over the business 
sessions and preach at the opening 
worship on Tuesday evening. 

Other conference speakers are Eugene 
Roop, professor of Old Testament at 
Bethany Seminary, on Wednesday 
evening; June Yoder, professor at 
Associated Mennonite Seminaries in 
Goshen, Ind., on Thursday evening; 
Gilbert Romero, pastor of the Bella 
Vista church in Los Angeles, Calif., on 
Friday evening; and Susan Stem Boyer, 
associate pastor of the Manchester 
church. North Manchester, Ind., on 
Saturday evening. Thomas Geiman, 
pastor of the Mill Creek congregation in 
Port Republic, Va., will speak at the 
closing Sunday morning worship. 

Janice Fralin, from Edgemont, Colo., 
will be music coordinator, and Bruce 
Hirsch, faculty member of the University 
of La Verne (Calif.), Conference choir 
director. Mary Jo Flory Steury, co-pastor 
of the Troy (Ohio) church, will be 
worship coordinator. 

The theme of this year's Conference is 
"Behold! The wonder of God's pres- 
ence!" Patricia Helman of Fort Wayne, 
Ind., and Rosanna McFadden of Indian- 

1 ^... 

Phillip Stone 

Ettiit'iw Hi'i'p 

|ict asks: "Should the Church of the 
.Irethren have a clear and specific plan 
jWhich identifies countries, ethnic/racial 
roups, timetables, and estimated 
ssource allocations) for proclaiming the 
ospel and planting Churches of the 
Irethren among unreached people 
roups?" The query states that "36 
ercent of the world's population" do 
|0t know Christ. 
Religious pluralism and headship of 
Christ. Atlantic Northeast District asks 
mnual Conference to "formulate a 
lear and concise statement concerning 

June Yoder 

Gilbert Romero 

Susan Stern Bover 

Thomas Geiman 

appoint a committee to "develop a code 
of ethical principles for clergy in the 
Church of the Brethren . . . which would 
include the concerns of the 'Ethics in 
Ministry Relations' paper passed by 
Standing Committee in 1988." 

Support of Brethren outreach 
ministries. As part of the Goals for the 
'90s program to expand mission efforts 
and work in the areas of young adult and 
deaf ministries, the General Board rec- 
ommends that Conference challenge 
congregations to increase support "by 
10 percent each year through 1995" and 

apolis, created the logo design. 

The location for business sessions, 
worship services, exhibits, and all main 
activities will be the new Oregon Con- 
vention Center in Portland. Special 
events include a Saturday evening 
concert by pianist Ken Medema. 

Information about registration, 
accommodations, transportation, and 
special events will be mailed in packets 
to all churches and registered delegates 
in March. Contact the Annual Confer- 
ence Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 
IL 60120. 

February 1991 Messenger 7 



Roger Schrock to take 
new post in Sudan 

Roger Schrock has resigned his execu- 
tive post with the Church of the Brethren 
General Board effective July 3 1 in order 
to take a key assignment in Sudan. 

Schrock has been named acting 
executive secretary of the New Sudan 
Council of Churches, an ecumenical 
agency recently begun to assist Chris- 
tians in the southern, rebel-controlled 
part of Sudan. He and his wife, Carolyn, 
will move to Torit, in southern Sudan, 
next September. 

Schrock has served as associate 
general secretary and executive of the 
World Ministries Commission since 
1985. Previously he was the denomina- 
tion's Africa representative. 

His Africa experience also includes 
three years teaching at Waka Schools in 
Nigeria, several years managing Breth- 
ren mission hospitals and later heading 
the Lafiya health care program in 
Nigeria, and three years in Sudan coor- 
dinating a primary health care program. 
He has also pastored the Lewiston 
(Minn.) Church of the Brethren. 

During his tenure as WMC executive, 
Schrock was heavily involved in work of 
the National Council of Churches— 
especially through Church World Ser- 
vice, the NCC's relief and development 
arm. Schrock was a member of the 
"Committee of Fifteen," which helped 
design a restructure of the NCC in 1989. 

8 Messenger February 1991 

Selection of liymns almost 
complete for new hymnal 

After years of sorting and debating, the 
three Hymnal Project committees- 
music, text, and worship— made final 
recommendations in October, and then 

The decision-making Hymnal Council 
then voted— hymn by hymn— on the rec- 
ommendations, singing many of them, 
rejecting some, accepting others. By the 
end of the meeting, the total number of 
approved hymns reached nearly 600. 
The final 100 or so were to be selected 
at the last meeting of the 14-member 
council in January. 

Three Hymnal Project staff— managing 
editor Rebecca Slough, music editor Ken 
Nafziger, and administrative secretary 
Lani Wright— will prepare the hymnal 
for publication, presenting it to the 
printers by early 1992, with release set 
for June 1. The hymnal will cost $14.95. 

A reduced price of $ 11 .95 will be 
offered for pre-paid orders between Jun 
1 and December 31, 1991. 

The new hymnal, produced jointly by 
the Mennonite Church, General Confer- 
ence Mennonite Church, and the Churcl' 
of the Brethren, replaces the 1951 
Brethren hymnal and the 1969 Mennon<! 
ite hymnal.-STEVE Shentk 

Bethany gives full tuition 
to Brethren students 

At a fall meeting, the board of Bethany 
Theological Seminary decided to make- 
full tuition scholarships available to 
Brethren students in the master's 
programs, beginning in the 1991-92 
school year. 

The board adopted a goal of raising 
$500,000 to help pay for the new schol-i 
arships. Financial aid for non-Brethren 

Three church leaders from Panama visited the General offices November 30, 
giving a panel report and discussion on the situation in their country since the Deceri 
ber 1989 invasion by US forces. 

Secundino Morales {center below), a bishop of the Evangelical Methodist Church^ 
Ernesto Weigandt (second from left), a Lutheran Church pastor, and Alcibiades Lope 
(right), a Baptist Church pastor, shared events suffered by their people both physical 
and economically. 

Lope: emphasized the need for the people of Panama to "be given back the rlght\\ 
to act as a nation" and not be ' 'strait-jacketed by outside forces." 

All three expressed appreciation for US church Involvement in the concerns of 
their country. As for continuing pressure on the US government to remove military 
control and provide reparation to the Panamanian people. Weigandt urged those 
present not to give up. "We are living at a time of reshaping," he said. 


itudents will continue to be available. 
The board also discussed criteria for 
elocating the seminary and appointed a 
|roup to prepare a plan for marketing the 
jresent campus in Oak Brook, 111.; began 
I search for a new president; adopted a 
lew faculty manual; adopted a new 
)olicy on sexual harassment for a one- 
/ear trial period; and noted progress in 
in accreditation self-study. 

i^oung adults gather, 
velcome the stranger 

rhe 15 th annual Young Adult Confer- 
;nce at Camp Woodland Altars in 
'eebles, Ohio, brought participants from 
IS far away as California and Massachu- 
letts to spend their Thanksgiving holiday 
n fellowship and renewal. 

Workshop leaders Bob and Nancy 
^aus focused on several dimensions of 
he theme, "Welcoming the Stranger," 
)y looking not only at the stranger out- 
ide, but at the strangers within— those 
)arts which seem "out of sync with our- 
elves," said Bob Faus. "We are called 
come to know, to serve, love, and in- 
cite the stranger into our midst because 
n that stranger, God himself is 

Fourteen workshops focused on topics 
uch as community, faith sharing, and 
jadership within the church. In one 
ession, Phyllis Carter, Annual Confer- 
nce moderator-elect, shared the urgent 
all to spiritual renewal recently released 
y six denominational leaders. "Planting 
reams with youth is extremely impor- 
int," said Carter. "If we're going to get 
ack to our roots, this is where to start." 

During the weekend conference, 10 
lembers of the group drafted a state- 
lent declaring and confirming Brethren 
eace and nonviolence convictions, par- 
cularly in response to the Persian Gulf 
risis, which was then made available 
)r those who wished to sign. Partici- 
ants had the option of donating a per- 

ntage of the fuel cost of the trip to 

ipport the church's peace office. A 

>tal of $231 was collected. 

Of the record 115 registered for the 

inference, some went to reunite with 

old friends, to meet new ones, or to 
escape the stresses of studying. Others 
participated in the conference to see how 
Brethren young adults in other/congrega- 
tions are thinking and feeling about life 
in the church, and to take new ideas for 
revitalizing youth back to their own 
home congregations. 

"This is the future of the church," said 
Judy Dotterer of the Union Bridge (Md.) 
church, attending the conference for her 
seventh time. "We have here this 
weekend future moderators and general 
secretaries for the Brethren." 

NCC speaks out on the gulf 
as it celebrates 40 years 

The National Council of Churches' 270- 
member general board in November 
called for "an immediate halt to the 
buildup and the withdrawal of US troops 
from the Gulf region"— except those 
explicitly recommended by the United 
Nations security council. 

The council also pressed the US to ne- 
gotiate, "including direct negotiations 
with Iraq." The statements came during 
a meeting in which the organization 
celebrated its 40th anniversary. 

To mark the occasion, a new logo was 
adopted. Brethren staff Howard Royer 

and Wendy McFadden were part of the 
logo constituency committee, which 
Royer chaired. The teal and purple 
design represents the "ecumenical 
ship," with the cross as a mast, riding 
waves suggesting the world, the waters 
of baptism, and the winds of the Holy 

Spirit. It was designed by Beleski and 
Swain Design, of Westport, Conn. 

Joan B. Campbell was elected unani- 
mously as general secretary through 
1995. She is currently executive director 
of the Worid Council of Churches' US 
office and is a minister both in the 
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) 
and the American Baptist Churches 
(USA). New directors were chosen for 
the NCC's four units: Lani Havens will 
direct the Church World Service and 
Witness Unit; Constance Tarasar the 
Unity and Relationships Unit; Kenyon 
Burke the Prophetic Justice Unit; and 
J. Martin Bailey the Education, Commu- 
nication, and Discipleship Unit. 

General Board announces 
half-time staff member 

Jean L. Hendricks began January 1 as 
ministry training field associate, work- 
ing in the central and western regions of 
the Church of the 
Brethren. A gra- 
duate of McPher- 
son College and 
Bethany Seminary, 
she lives in Law- 
rence, Kan., where 
she is pursuing 
graduate work and pastoring the Law- 
rence Mennonite Fellowship. 

Brethren group to visit 
sister church in Cuba 

A "sister church encounter between 
North and South" will take place in 
April when Brethren visit the Christian 
Pentecostal Church of Cuba. Brethren 
are invited to apply to take part. 

"Our Cuban sisters and brothers live 
in a socio-political context very different 
than ours," said Latin America/Carib- 
bean representative Yvonne Dilling. 
"Exchanges can enrich our awareness of 
diversity in the global body of Christ." 
Contact the Latin America/Caribbean 
Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120; (708) 742-5100. 

February 1991 Messenger 9 

Church gives $20,000 
to ease malnutrition 

A grant for $15,000 was given through 
the church's Emergency Disaster Fund 
to cover shipping costs of food and 
medical supplies to the people of Liberia 
suffering from widespread malnutrition 
due to the fighting in their country. 

Another EDF grant for $5,000 was 
donated in response to the economic 
crisis in Argentina, where there is a great 
need for food and medicines to help 
alleviate the increasing problems of 
hunger, malnutrition, and sickness. 

Peacemal<ers offer groceries 
at Colorado air force base 

At their November "peace revival" in 
Denver, Colo., attendees of the Christian 
Peacemaker Teams conference ended 
the weekend of workshops and keynote 
speakers with a demonstration outside 
Lowry Air Force Base, gathering with an 
offering of groceries that was later 
distributed to area food banks. 

Cliff Kindy, a member of the CPT 
steering committee and of the Man- 
chester church in North Manchester, 
Ind., said the $4,000 of donated foods 
and money was presented to "contrast 
how money could be used to help 
people, as opposed to how Lowry spends 
money." The grocery sacks were deco- 
rated by children, and some of the 

Groceries were donated outside Lowry Air Force Base in Colorado during a Novei 
ber Christian Peacemaker Teams "peace revival," and later went to area food bai 

children present wrote a letter to 
President Bush describing the activity. 

A final act of demonstration came 
when five members of the group 
proceeded inside the base, taking infant 
formula that they requested be sent to 
the gulf to "contrast how Jesus calls us 
to respond to our enemy, as opposed to 
how Lowry responds," said Kindy. 

Lowry Air Force Base is the financial 
center for US Air Force activity, writing 
the checks for materials and supplies. 
CPT, a Brethren and Mennonite peace 
group, sponsored a 12-member delega- 
tion to Iraq in November (see page 6). 

Talking with the deaf 


is possible with a tele- 
communications device 
for the deaf (TDD) like 
the one Parish Minis- 
tries administrative 
assistant Joan Pelletier 
demonstrates at left. 
Messages are keyed in 
and appear on an elec- 
tronic display. Those 
who have a TDD can 
now call the denomina- 
tional offices using the 
regular number, (708) 

Moscow choir shares 
more than music 

Every concert given by the 45-memb 
Logos Choir of the Moscow Baptist 
Church received a standing ovation d 
ing the group's October 23— Novemb 
14 tour. Traveling in 13 states, the ch 
performed to a total of 18,400 people 
Church groups gave lodging and fooc 

Clyde Weaver, of the Highland 
Avenue church in Elgin, 111., coordini 
the tour, which was sponsored in part 
New Call to Peacemaking, an effort c 
Brethren, Mennonites, and Quakers. 

"Our country has entered a new st£ 
of giving to the Soviet people," he sa 
"But giving only is lonely. This was 
opportunity to have the Soviets share 
their gifts with us." This "mutuality 
exchange," is a way to begin perceiv 
Soviet brothers and sisters "biblicall) 
instead of politically," he said. 

One of the choir's instrumentalists, 
who left the group illegally toward th 
end of the tour, wrote a note asking fc 
giveness of his colleagues. He said he 
could not return to his country for 
reasons he did not explain. "Though 
came as a surprise, there were no hare 
feelings from other members," said 

1 Messenser Februarv 1991 

of order! 

The moderator 
esponds to three 
questions raised in 
'ast year's Annual 
onference debate. 

by Phillip C. Stone 

Every Annual Conference moderator 
approaches Conference with the full 
assurance that several points of order 
will be raised as to procedural matters. 
Several points of order raised at the 
1990 Annual Conference in Milwaukee 
dealt with the procedures associated with 
the use of queries for bringing business 
before the Annual Conference. The 
misunderstandings or differences of 
opinion related to at least the following 

1) Whether a query can be sent 
directly to Annual Conference from a 
district board. Some, including persons 
who had significant responsibility in 
drafting and interpreting the polity rules 
about queries, believe that queries 
should not come directly to Annual 
Conference from the district board. 

However, one phrase in the polity 
relating to queries reads: "when a 
district board or district conference 
initiates a query. ..." This implies to 
some that queries can come directly 
from district boards. 

Those who believe that queries should 
not pass directly from district boards to 
the Annual Conference interpret that 
language in the context of a general 
requirement that even queries initiated 
by the district board still need to go to 
district conference. Certainly the 
language is not so clear as to preclude a 
different interpretation. 

Furthermore, as recently as 1983 and 
1984 Annual Conference received and 
adopted queries coming directly from 
district boards. There is sufficient ambi- 
guity in language and sufficient prece- 
dent for direct referrals from district 
boards that it would be difficult to reject 
a query on this basis under present rules. 

2) Whether a query can contain its 

own answer. While polity provides that 
the query should "avoid giving an- 
swers" or proposing a specific solution 
to the problem raised by the query, a 
proposal may be offered. While the 
suggestion of an answer is discouraged, 
it is not prohibited. It is important, 
however, that Conference distinguish 
between accepting the query (with the 
right to provide its own answer) and 
endorsing the proposed answer. 

3) Whether queries containing 
apparently conflicting proposed 
resolutions can both be accepted. Since 
Annual Conference has authority to 
make judgments as it deems appropriate, 
there is nothing in polity that automati- 
cally precludes Conference from taking 
action that some observers would claim 
to be incompatible. The issue of com- 
patibility, like other issues such as 
limited resources, would be proper 
subjects for the floor debate and should 
be resolved by voting. 

X he church has developed written 
polity setting out procedures for the de- 
velopment and handling of queries. This 
procedure ought to be consulted and 
followed when a query is proposed. In 
addition to the procedures described 
here, there is a strong recommendation 
for consultation with local, district, and 
national church staff persons to see 
whether the query has previously been 
answered, to find out whether resources 
exist that would make an answer 
unnecessary, and to help develop the 
query into its most useful form. Those 
procedures help assure that the limited 
Annual Conference time can be 
used wisely. 


Phillip C. Stone is moderator of the 1991 Annual 

February 1991 Messenger 11 

A lawyer with convictions 

Phil Stone brings 
more to the job of 
moderator than just 
a legal mind. He 
earnestly seeks unity 
and spirituality for the 
entire church. 

by Bob Bowman 

"Do you know why Washington, D. C, 
is full of lawyers and New Jersey is full 
of toxic dumps?" 

Phil Stone, moderator of the 1991 
Annual Conference, suave and polished 
in his three-piece suit, had a twinkle in 
his eye as he continued: "Because New 
Jersey got first choice." 

Lawyers put up with a lot of ribbing. 
But Phil is an attorney himself. He is 
listed in three editions of Outstanding 
Lawyers of America and has been a 
partner in the law firm of Wharton, 
Aldhizer & Weaver since 1972. The list 
of honors he has gotten and the associa- 
tions to which he has been elected as a 
part of his practice are impressive. 

Formerly most of Phil's practice was 
in the courtroom as a trial lawyer. In 
1985, however, he switched partly to 
commercial practice— corporate work 
and estate planning— so he could have 
more time with his family. 

As the first lawyer elected to moderate 
the Church of the Brethren Annual 
Conference, Phil says his first reaction is 
uneasiness. Dunkers aren't known for 
their support of the legal profession. 
"I'm really surprised that they would 
elect a lawyer to a major position like 
that," he admitted. 

Yet, just because Brethren have been 
reluctant to sue one another does not 
necessarily mean they are against 
lawyers. Somebody has to draw up our 
wills, see that the accused get a fair trial, 
and help us plan out estates. 

In fact, his training as a lawyer will be 
one of the gifts he brings to the Portland, 
Ore., Annual Conference. "Analytical 

1 2 Messenger Febraary 1991 

ithinking is certainly a part of practicing 
law," he said. "My practice has taught 
me certain rules about procedures that 
ought to be valuable in terms of moder- 
ating Annual Conference. I hope I have 
some understanding about what it takes 
to be fair, about the flow of business, 
and how to frame motions in a proper 

■'I see the moderator as an advocate 
for the delegates. The delegates are the 
ones who are going to have to decide. 
While everybody can speak and make 
motions, the delegates are the ones who 
are accountable. 

"When I sit there as a moderator I 
hope I'll be thinking, 'How should an 
advocate protect his delegates?' One 
way is to respect their time. Another is 
to make sure they get good information. 
Another is to make sure the process is 
not unwieldy. And another concern is to 
look out for comfort. ' ' 

Phil grinned. ' "That may be my worst 
problem in this whole process because I 
demand a lot of myself and sometimes 
have a problem wanting to keep things 
moving even when breaks or rest stops 
ought to take place." 


e will also bring his deep Brethren 
convictions to the job of moderator as he 
does to his law practice. One of the least 
attractive duties of his practice was 
handling divorce. Several years ago he 
stopped taking such cases, although he 
still does some counseling to try to stave 
off divorce. Phil may have a unique way 
of handling these cases. He tells about 
talking to a man who had come to see 
him once about a divorce. 

"Do you ever do business just by 
word of mouth and a handshake," Phil 
asked, "or do you require a written 
contract for each transaction?" The man 
acknowledged that he did a lot of work 
by verbal agreement. "In fact," he said, 
"a lot of my business I conduct over the 

"And do you expect that your partners 
in these verbal agreements will stick to 
their word even when there are no 
witnesses to your phone conversations?" 

The man said he counted on it. In fact, 
if anyone ever backed out of a deal they 
had made with him verbally, he would 
no longer do business with them. 

"What if you made binding verbal 
commitments in front of a room full of 
witnesses. What if you made a contract 
with the most formal words and in the 
presence of a minister? Would you 
expect those commitments to be kept 

The man paused. He was beginning to 
get the drift of Phil's questions. He 
thought about it from a new perspective. 

"To the best of my knowledge," Phil 
added later, "he and his wife are still 

Phil Stone grew up in the Mount 
Hermon Church of the Brethren in 
Henry County, Va. It is a congregation 
that has contributed many leaders to the 
denomination. What is there about 
Henry County that has nurtured so many 
strong church leaders? 

Phil is one of seven children of a 
close-knit family. "The area where we 
grew up," he explains, "was a neighbor- 
hood. Not a village or a town, but a 
community with neighbors. Many of the 
people in the community went to the 
Mount Hermon church. It was the social 
center for the neighborhood. 

"When I was a child there was a 
neighborhood grocery store across the 
road from the church. Granny Eanes, 
who kept the store, had the church key, 
so if any of us needed to get into the 
church to practice piano or do anything 
we'd ask her. She was a kind of guardian 
of the church. 

"I remember one of the things that 
made quite an impression on me. I must 
have been eight or nine— I joined the 
church at that age— when I was meeting 
the pastor for some conversation about 
that. Guy Wampler Sr. was my pastor. 

Top: During his busy schedule at last 
year's Annual Conference, Phil Stone 
found a place to call home. He was 
wishing his mother happy birthday. 
Bottom: His legal training came in 
handy when, as moderator-elect, he 
functioned as parliamentarian for 
moderator Curtis Bubble. 

February 1991 Messenger 13 

He was one of my great heroes. I 
thought I was really an adult because I 
had just joined the church and could go 
ask Granny Eanes for the key. I was very 
proud of the fact that I was going to 
open the church door myself. 

"I went over there but I couldn't get 
the door open. Somehow, even with my 
scant strength, I bent the key double. I 
was just petrified. While Granny Eanes 
was a very sweet person, I was also a 
little intimidated by an adult. And she 
was the custodian of the key. And I had 
to take this back to her. 

"When Guy Wampler arrived, he 
replaced that key with his own and 
straightened out the bent key to keep for 
himself. I thought I had just been 
delivered from the enemy. I learned 
about grace at an early age." 

Phil also remembered that his congre- 
gation gave him and other youth many 
opportunities for leadership. "We 
probably weren't very adept at those 
skills, but people were patient with us 
and encouraged us and supported us." 

"As I think about that," he mused, "I 
regret the fact that some of our churches 
have gotten so sophisticated that the 
young people do not have a chance to 
participate and so they don't feel that the 
church relates very directly to them." 

One of his early opportunities came in 
1961 when he was able to attend the 
German "Kirchentag" as an exchange 
student under the Church of the Breth- 
ren-inspired International Christian 
Youth Exchange. That was the last such 
meeting of Lutherans from both East and 
West Germany before the Berlin Wall. It 
will be a special joy when, in June, he 
visits the German Lutheran Church for 
the first "Kirchentag" as a united 

On Phil's resume are some surprising 
entries. He lectured at the American 
Society of Abdominal Surgeons in 1985. 
He also has spoken to state seminars for 
physicians. He served on a committee to 
prepare a document "Principles of Co- 

operation for Physicians and Attorneys 
in the Commonwealth of Virginia." 

Part of this activity comes out of a 
Brethren interest in reconciliation. Phil 
has been active in pressing for legisla- 
tion that would restrict lawsuits against 
physicians but would establish stronger 
ways for doctors to police their own 

Phil lives with his wife, Cherryll, and 
four children on a farm that once be- 
longed to the Abraham Lincoln family. 
You will find him there occasionally, 
sitting on an old Massey Ferguson 
tractor, running a bush hog over the 
fields with some of the Lincoln aura still 
hovering nearby. 


.e is a history buff; for a short time 
he was a high school history teacher. An 
area of special interest is his lifelong 
study of Abraham Lincoln. For years he 
has held annual memorial services at a 
local cemetery where some of the 
Lincoln family are buried. It takes very 
little prodding to get a rich lecture on 
Abraham Lincoln and the place Lin- 
coln's faith played in his life. 

Phil has more than an academic 
interest in relating faith to life, however. 
Some time ago he determined that wor- 
ship should be the theme of the Annual 
Conference he moderated. "When I told 
the Central Committee my idea, they 
were coming up with scripture verses 
right and left. We finally settled on 'Be- 
hold, the wonder of God's presence.' " 

The theme of worship brings together 
several concerns that Phil has been 
facing. He feels a loss of aliveness in 
much Brethren worship. The denomina- 
tion is facing flat budgets and dwindling 
membership, but an even deeper concern 
for Phil is broken relationships within 
the church. 

"Sometimes we are really nasty to 
each other," he said. "I've received 
more vicious attacks from church 
members as a member of the General 

Board and as moderator than I ever have 
as a lawyer. I chose a worship theme i 
because it's awfully hard to get up off i 
your knees and then abuse each other." 

Nastiness has not been the predomi- 
nant impression Phil has gained as 
moderator, however. He is quick to poini 
out the many letters he has received 
offering prayer for him during this year. 
"I'm overwhelmed by the support of 
folks. People are so supportive." 

At the same time, Phil is burdened by 
what he senses as a growing alienation 
between our national leadership and the 

"I hear this from both sides. It was 
particularly strong at Aimual Conference 
last year. I am not employed by the 
church, either at the local level or the 
national level, so I hear it from both 
sides. Our staff are committed and 
sacrificial. And we, as a denomination, 
are partly to blame for the stress they 
experience. This stress affects their 
families as well as themselves. So it is 
unseemly of us to be judgmental." 

He found his experience on the 
General Board to be particularly helpful 
in learning to appreciate diversity. 
"There were some people on the board 
with whom I couldn't agree if we were 
together for 10 years! But we still 
experienced unity. We can't sacrifice 
community just because we don't 

The worship theme is not simply a 
tool to make us more gentle with each 
other, however. In choosing this theme, 
Phil is responding to his own sense of 
the majesty of God. For Brethren who 
are often remarkably casual in their 
worship, he would like to recapture an 
awareness of the awesome and holy 
nature of God. "How do we encounter 
God today? Very few of us see a burning 
bush, as Moses did. And yet we 
have our own burning bushes." 


Bob Bowman is pastor of the Pleasant Valley 
Church of the Brethren, Weyers Cave, Va. 

14 Messenger Febraary 1991 

Cain Lackey 

A mountain legend 

Annual Conference moderator Phil Stone has a rich Brethren 
heritage, including a rough-hewn great-grandfather who shaped 
himself into a revered and effective mountaineer preacher. 

by Kermon Thomasson 

Virginia's Patrick County a hundred years ago had a reputa- 
tion for lawlessness and rough living. Hardy Scotch-Irish had 
settled the Blue Ridge Mountains 150 years earlier. The good 
creek and river bottom land had been taken up first, and as 
one generation succeeded another, cabins were built farther 
and farther up the hollows and hillsides. 

Each of these generations found life a little harder. 
Schools, and often churches, were forgotten, and all energies 
were devoted to wrenching a living from the grasp of a 
reluctant land. There were few roads, mostly trails that 
connected one cabin clearing to another. Cut off from the rest 
of the country, the mountaineers' life took on a character of 
its own— shaped by ignorance, hardship, and isolation. 

Over the Blue Ridge, in Floyd County, the Church of the 
Brethren— known in the area then as "Dunkards"— was strong 
and well established. (Floyd County today is the only county 
in the United States where the Church of the Brethren is the 
predominant denomination in numbers.) What is known 
today as Topeco would become the mother congregation of 
many offspring in southwestern Virginia, North Carolina, and 
West Virginia. 

A young man from Patrick County, John Abe Hooker— one 
of the few there getting an education— attended school in 
Floyd, became attracted to the Brethren there, and joined the 
Topeco "Dunkards." Enthusiastic about his new-found faith. 
Hooker invited ministers to come and preach in his home 
community across the Blue Ridge. After a time of successful 
meetings in schoolhouses and groves, the Smith River 

Cain Lackey with his third wife, Hettie. Once, after preaching 
an impromptu sermon while dressed in work clothes. Lackey 
was urged to speak again that evening. Overhearing the 
mountain preacher protesting his unreadiness, a bystander 
shouted out, ' 7 want to hear the man with overalls on!' ' 

February 1991 Messenger 15 

Top: Smith River, where Cain Lackey 
gave his life to Christ in 1892, recently 
celebrated its centennial. Lackey also 
served here as minister. Bottom: Cain 
Lackey's gravestone epitaph, despite its 
frequent use, seems appropriate for this 
man still so well remembered in the 
mountains where he ministered. 



congregation of "Dunkards" was 
founded in 1890. (Smith River cele- 
brated its 100th anniversary this past 
October with activities that attracted 
statewide television coverage.) 

A couple of years later, J. A. Dove, of 
Botetourt County, came to Smith River 
as an evangelist. The new congregation 
was thriving, and good-sized crowds 
were attracted. One afternoon, as 
Brother Dove and the pastor, W. A. 
Elgin, were out on foot making evangel- 
istic calls, they were crossing a field 
when they saw a young man digging a 
ditch. Brother Dove asked the pastor 
who the man was. Brother Elgin replied, 
"That's Cain Lackey, but you don't 
want to go down there. He's the worst 
man in this country." 

On the surface, the pastor's characteri- 
zation was warranted. In a community of 
rough and tough men, Cain Lackey 
stood out as the main one you didn't 
want to mess around with. He was bom 
William Elkanah Lackey, on January 3, 
1869, to Croff and Martha Lackey of 
Patrick County's Elamsville community. 
(Elkanah was— and still is— a popular 
name in this area. It comes from 
1 Samuel 1:1— the father of Samuel. 
Often it is pronounced "Elkaney" or 
shortened to "Caney" or "Cain." A 
prominent Primitive Baptist preacher 
and state legislator— Elkanah B. Turner- 
helped popularize the name.) 

Cain was the oldest of 1 1 children. He 
grew up amid the hardships common to 
all his neighbors. Late in life, he recalled 
lying in bed at night as a child and 
seeing the stars through the shingles of 
his parents' cabin. By the age of 10 he 
was helping clear new ground for farm- 
ing, using a two-horse plow. At age 15 
he helped his father build a grist mill on 
Puppy Creek, 10 miles from their home. 
Cain picked and shoveled on the mill 
race all day and slept at night on rough 
boards under the open sky, waking at 
dawn with his clothes soaked with dew. 

Cain's physique seemed to be shaped 
and strengthened by such hardships. He 

grew into a giant of a man who could 
outwork any of his peers. One friend 
recalled how Cain could cut wheat (with 
a farm implement called a "cradle") 
until he was drenched with sweat, then 
stand in the river to cool off. Once he 
"cradled" 172 dozen sheaves of wheat 
in 10 hours. 

Cain's strength was prodigious. A 
neighbor remembered, "I used to see 
him pick up railroad cross-ties as easily 
as an ordinary man picking up a two-by- 
four. ' ' When he was hauling cross-ties 
by wagon to sell to the railroad com- 
pany, occasionally the load would 
"slip." Cain would use one cross-tie in 
his hands as a maul to knock the others 
back into place. Arriving at the railroad 
depot, Cain unloaded his ties into stacks 
15 feet high, laying them up by himself, 
without apparent effort. 

Yet the man who could handle a cross- 
tie as if it were a two-by-four could 
combine his great strength with compas- 
sion and gentleness. Once Cain was 
walking home from Roanoke, a distance 
of about 50 miles. Snow lay a foot deep 
on the ground. His companion, a large 
black man, overcome with cold and ex- 
haustion, fell over in the snow and could 
not go on. Cain picked his friend up and 
carried him in his arms until he found a 
house where he could be cared for. 

Reminiscent of Abraham Lincoln 
legends, Cain was a champion wrestler 
who could lick men larger than himself. 
He admitted that he had met big men 
who could throw him, but he had never 
found anyone who could keep him on 
the ground. 

Such was the strength and reputation 
of this hard-working, hard-living, hard- 
drinking, hard-fighting young man, that 
still today his exploits are told by old 
men who witnessed them. It was said 
that he could lick any man on Smith 
River or Shooting Creek. And the fights 
were of the knock-down, drag-out, eye- 
gouging, nose-biting, no-holds-barred 
variety. In a fight at Old Union Church, 
Cain beat off another roughneck and 13 

1 6 Messenger February 1991 

of his friends in a free-for-all that left 
Cain's head scarred for life from the 
mule spurs his opponents beat him with. 
The fight ended with Cain throwing his 
chief opponent into the river and asking 
who wanted to be next. In later life, Cain 
called the scars on the back of his head 
"the scars of sin." 

This not-to-be-meddled-with brawler 
was the man whom Brother Elgin called 
"the worst man in this country." But, to 
the pastor's surprise Brother Dove 
replied, "Then he's the very man I want 
to see, because Christ came to save 
sinners." He strode over to young Cain 
and asked him to come to the revival 
that night. 

Cain, noted for his forthrightness as 
well as for his temper and strength, 
replied, "You don't want a man like me 
to come to church." 

"Yes, you're the very man I want to 
see at church tonight," countered 
Brother Dove. "Will you come?" 

"Yes, I'll come," said Cain, after a 
moment of hesitation. 

As the two preachers walked back 
across the field to the path. Brother 
Dove asked, "Will he come?" 

"Yes," responded Brother Elgin. "If 
he tells you he'll come, he'll be there. 
He's just that sort; he'll do what he tells 

Part of the legacy of 
Cain Lackey are 
descendants who 
have been active in 
the Church of the 
Brethren. Two 
currently sen'e in 
top posts in the 
Wilfred E. (for 
Elkanah) Nolen 
(left), executive of 
the Brethren Benefit 
Trust, and Phillip C. 
Stone, Annual 

you. But if he tells you he'll give you a 
whipping, he'll do that too." 

And Cain Lackey came to church that 
night . . . and kept on coming back. 
Hettie Elgin, who later became Cain's 
third wife, remembered the conversation 
among her companions as they rode a 
farm wagon home from church that night 
Cain first attended the Smith River 
revival. One young man, who knew Cain 
well, said, "The preacher can preach 
until his hair comes out, but he'll never 
reform that young buck." 

On the last Saturday night of the 
revival, a seeming miracle occurred. 
When the call came for those who 
wished to give their life to Christ to 
come forward, Cain Lackey rose from 
his pew. He had his 2-year-old child 
asleep in his arms. The small church 
was packed. Moved by an irresistible 
impulse, Cain mounted the pew back in 
front of him and walked forward to the 
minister, pew back to pew back, with the 
sleeping child in his arms! No one there 
had ever seen the likes. 

Yet, despite Cain's dramatic response 
to the altar call, so bad was his reputa- 
tion and so strong the doubt that he 
could possibly have been converted, that 
he actually was denied baptism for the 
time being. But not only was the new 

convert sincere; he was also humble, 
patiently bore the rebuke, and waited for 

Ignorant and unable to read or write, 
he had never even seen a Bible. He knew 
nothing of the Christian faith but what 
he had learned at the revival. He had 
simply been moved by the evangelist's 
preaching . . . and believed. He actually 
thought, he confessed later, that each 
Christian sect had its own Bible. Thus 
his first request to pastor Elgin was to be 
given a "Dunkard Bible." 

From the night of his conversion, Cain 
Lackey was a changed man. And a 
determined one. He struggled until he 
was able to read the New Testament for 
himself and learned to write as well. He 
considered his attaining literacy the 
greatest achievement of his life. 

In a few years he was called to the 
ministry at Smith River. Mindful of his 
earlier reputation, Cain took up the work 
of Christian ministry with humility and 
patience. He said later, "As a new 
minister, I desired the prayers of the 
whole church, even from the least to the 
greatest. And I decided that if I should 
ever fall into sin, making it necessary for 
the church to disfellowship me, I would 
keep right on going to church and sit, not 
with the members, but just back of them, 
and I would be so faithful that they 
would have to take me back." 

Cain Lackey gave himself to a 
ministry that included not only pastoring 
Smith River but evangelizing a large 
area and establishing other fellowships. 
He sought full-time work from the 
Church of the Brethren General Mission 
Board, but was turned down. Undiscour- 
aged, he ministered on, supporting 
himself and his family by farming and 
saw-milling. Losing two wives to early 
deaths, Cain was married three times and 
fathered nine children. Croff, his 
youngest, still survives, in his mid-80s. 

Cain's ministry was often as difficult 
as the farming and saw-milling. While 
many people appreciated his ministry 
and responded favorably, there was still 

February 1991 Messenger 17 

the rough-hewn mountain culture to 
contend with. 

Once he was preaching in a one-room 
schoolhouse near Stuart. A gang of 
ruffians tried to overturn the little 
building with big skids they had cut for 
the purpose. Cain went out to quiet them 
down, but when he went back in the 
pranksters renewed their disturbance. 
Back outside went the preacher. "Men," 
he said, "we invite you to come inside 
and be quiet. If you don't, it is better for 
us and for you that you clear out and 
leave us alone. I came here to have this 
meeting and I don't intend to let a bunch 
of yellow cowards run me off." The 
ruffians, admiring the mountain preacher 
for his courage, and knowing his 
physical capabilities, slunk away 

Each weekend Cain rode many miles 
on horseback, preaching in two or three 
different churches on Sunday. He 
ministered all through Patrick and into 
adjoining Floyd and Henry Counties. 
Bad roads, swollen creeks, and deep 
snow drifts did not stop him. One winter 
morning he started out on horseback for 
a distant church that was expecting him. 
The snow drifts got so deep that he left 
his horse and continued on foot. The 
snow was up to his elbows, but he 
trudged on, not wanting to disappoint 
those awaiting him. 

When Cain got to the church there was 
not a track in the snow. The little church 
was empty and cold. Not one person had 
come for the service. Undaunted, Cain 
sang, prayed, and went away feeling 
blessed. Afterward, he said, "I did not 
feel that I was alone. There were two of 
us at Rock Hill that snowy day. The 
Lord was with me there." 

The strongest threads that run through 
the fabric of Cain Lackey's life and 
ministry are his humility, his generosity, 
his firmness, his persistance, and the 
inflexibility of his principles. Nothing 
less than these could have gained and 
kept for him the respect of the rough- 
necks, moonshiners, bootleggers, and 
other hard-living types that he neigh- 
bored with and ministered among. 

Cain Lackey often said, "Let a man 
stand for something, and, whatever you 
do, don't be on the fence. Get on one 
side or the other so people will know 
where to place you." One person said of 
Cain, "He always has his colors up so 
that the neighbors can see where he 
stands on matters. They know, too, that 
when he has taken his stand he cannot be 
bought off in his opinions and that he 
will go through fire and face death to 
accomplish his purposes. His is a faith 
that wins." 


'ain Lackey also won over many 
people because his method carried with 
it not only force but love. He strongly 
opposed and worked against the illegal 
whiskey-making and selling that was a 
way of life in the mountains. Yet he 
gained the respect of moonshiners and 
bootleggers with his fearless but love- 
filled confrontations. 

Once he went to a liquor still where 
three men were busy making moonshine. 
Upon seeing the preacher, they were 
scared almost out of their wits. To their 
surprise, Cain put his arm around one of 
them as an expression of the love he had 
for them as neighbors. The man was 
speechless in Cain's embrace and 
trembled and wept with emotion. "I go 
to them empty-handed," Cain would 
explain about such encounters. "If they 
kill me, tell them they have lost their 
best friend." 

Cain Lackey was well known for his 
Christian generosity— generosity that led 
to his approaching the end of his life im- 
poverished, having to sell his farm and 
move to poorer quarters to make ends 
meet. "I have never turned down the 
opportunity to help anybody," he 
declared. "Even the very worst sinner 
might come to my door begging food 
and clothes and I would give him the last 
thread off my back and the only meat 
left in the house before I would see him 
go away hungry and cold." 

An elderly nephew of Cain's recently 
marveled at this aspect of his long-dead 
uncle's generosity. "Can you imagine 

anybody living like that today, with all 
our greed? Yet that's how Uncle Cain 
lived and that's what the Bible teaches.' 

This remarkable preacher and practi- 
tioner of Christ's gospel lived out his lif 
and ministry in the vicinity of Patrick 
County's Elamsville, dying at age 64 in 
1933. The Gospel Messenger, upon his 
death, ran a photo and an obituary that 
summed up Cain Lackey's life in a suc- 
cinct statement: "Although he suffered 
greatly, he remained faithful to his 
duties, both to the church and home." 

Cain's grave is in a small family 
burying ground in a cow pasture on the 
farm that was his home for many years. 
Hardtop highways coimect the settle- 
ments of Cain's lifetime. Most of the 
people round about seem prosperous anc 
middle-class, many of them commuting 
to jobs in nearby factories, offices, and 
shops. The character of the community 
is still quite rural, but education and 
communication have brought it into the 
mainstream of American life— for better 
or worse. 

Cain Lackey is well remembered. The 
exact measure of what this one unlikely 
Christian minister accomplished is 
impossible to take. But that he had a | 
lasting, positive influence on many lives 
and left his community a better place is 
not disputed by anyone. Gone nearly 60 
years, Cain Lackey lives on in memorie; 
that are still fresh, and the man has 
become a legend that continues to in- 
spire those who know and 
recite it. 


Special thanks are due to Joel B. Naff 
ofBoones Mill, Va.,for much of the 
material used in this article. Joel Naff 
served as a summer pastor at Smith 
River in the early 1930s, collected 
material on Cain Lackey, and produced 
a short biography. Brother Naff gave us 
his kind ' 'permission to revise the story 
if you like and use as much of it as you 
like, or quote from it, giving me just a 
little credit for the authorship." At the 
recent Smith River centennial, the 84- 
year-old minister and author was an 
honored guest. 

1 8 Messenger February 1991 

Sudan prays for peace 

by Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

')uring a fall sabbatical spent working 
n Sudan, World Ministries Commission 
executive J. Roger Schrock was invited 
become acting executive secretary of 
he New Sudan Council of Churches, a 
ledgling council created to ser\>e Chris- 
tans in the southern, liberated part of 
he country (see news story on page 8). 

Consequently, during part of his time 
n southern Sudan, in the town ofTorit, 
lager carried out the initial tasks of 
etting up shop— establishing an office, 
tiring an administrative assistant, 
ollecting supplies. 

He will return to Sudan for two 
lonths this spring, to assist the council 
urther. Then, after winding up his re- 
ponsibilities in the US as World Min- 
stries executive this summer, he and his 

wife, Carolyn, will move to Torit in 
September. In his new post, he will be 
seconded to the New SCC by the Church 
of the Brethren and other North Ameri- 
can church partners. 

Out of his recent trip, he compares life 
in southern Sudan with life in the North, 
and the situation today as opposed to his 
experiences working there seven years 

As Roger Schrock traveled this past 
fall in southern Sudan, church leaders 
testified to the growth of the Christian 
church: "Not everyone in the New 
Sudan will be a Christian when the war 
is over, but everyone will have been told 
the story of Christ." 

The "New Sudan," or the part of the 

country "liberated" from the govern- 
ment, possesses a vitality that contrasts 
sharply with life in the North, Roger 
reported. A 10- week sabbatical took him 
to both parts of the country. 

He had been invited into the South by 
leaders of the New Sudan Council of 
Churches, a council formed recently to 
help unite Christians in the southern, 
liberated area. The Khartoum-based 
Sudan Council of Churches, with which 
the Church of the Brethren has worked 
for a decade, is unable to provide 
assistance to the South because of the 
civil war. 

While the war has caused separation, 
the church in the South has not been 
diminished, Roger learned. Bishop 
Nathanael of the Episcopal Church in 

n the town ofNasir. near the Ethiopian border, Roger Schrock was warmly welcomed by the large Christian community. 


February 1991 Messenger 19 

























■£ V) 




o Da 






















































































































































13 73 








>^ «i 







Bor told him, "In 1984, the war isolated 
us from the rest of the church. I had 
nothing to share with my people but the 
cross. We have always preached about 
the power of the cross, but now we know 
the power of the cross. 

"With the example of Christ and the 
symbol of the cross, we no longer need 
to have any fear. We know that God's 
will shall be done and some day, in 
God's time, there will be peace in 

While every church building in Bishop 
Nathanael's diocese has been destroyed 
or damaged, the number of Christians 
has more than doubled since 1984, 
Roger learned. 

The area where Roger and his family 
worked in the early 1980s has also 
experienced phenomenal church growth. 
When they left in 1983, there were seven 
churches for 200,000 people. Now there 
are over 200 churches. 

But the growth is not without a major 
problem— leadership. In the western Nuer 
region where the Schrocks lived, there 
are no ordained priests or pastors. 

In Nasir, a center for the Presbyterian 
Church, near the Ethiopian border, the 
church has 1 5 1 preaching points and 
29,310 baptized Christians. But there has 
been a pastor there only four months out 
of the last five years. 


hen he stepped off the plane in 
Nasir, Roger was greeted by a crowd of 
150 Christians with choirs and drums. 
They said he was the first church repre- 
sentative from the outside to visit them 
in five years. 

Later he met with more than a hun- 
dred church leaders, some of whom had 
walked two days to see him. On Sunday 
morning, nearly a thousand people 
gathered under the trees for prayer. 

"When it came time for the offering, 
people brought grain— in a sense sharing 
out of their own mouths with people who 
have less," Roger said. 

But one's exuberance with the 

20 Messenger February 1991 



church's strength is diminished by the 
realities of war. Roger experienced the 
civil war first-hand when the town of 
Torit suffered aerial bombing one day. 
Hearing the bombs drop closer and 
closer to him— the closest landing about 
400 yards away— was the most terrifying 
experience of his life, he said. Thirteen 
people were killed, and 27 injured. 

"All you can do is lie on the ground 
and pray and hope," said Roger. "Then 
you rise up and realize you are okay, 
deeply shaken, emotionally traumatized. 
You look around and become concerned 
to see who has been hurt and if there are 
any casualties, feeling very helpless as 
people begin to die. 

"Then you sit around for some hours 
reflecting with fellow Christians about 
the senselessness of war and the great 
difficulties that people seem to have in 
peaceably resolving conflicts. You 
finally have to say, 'We have to really 
trust that God will find a way.' " 

One of the amazing experiences of his 
time in Sudan "was to experience for 
the first time what a liberation move- 
ment means to the people involved. 

"I had assumed that liberation meant 
fi'eedom in a political or military sense. 
Instead it has meant a change in attitude 
about being responsible for one's own 
destiny and not being bound by those 
things that historically have limited a 
person or society." 

' 'There is almost no question in their 
minds that eventually their movement 
will succeed, even though they know it 
may be a long and difficult journey to 

reach the destination." 

Roger began his visit to Sudan in the 
capital city of Khartoum, where he wai 
warmly reunited with friends from his 
earlier years in Sudan. Many of the Nuer 
people who had lived in Bentiu and 
Mayom, the towns where the Schrocks 
served in the early 1980s, are displaced 
people in shanty towns and camps 
around Khartoum. 

In Mayom, where they had started the 
church with Nuer friends, only one 
building is left standing, Roger learned. 
Many of the survivors had walked the 
600 miles to Khartoum. 

When Roger visited camp Souk el 
Markazi, where many of those from 
Mayom now live, he found that the 
15,000 residents had been almost totally 
without water for three days. Their only 
food was what the women who worked 
as servants in Arab homes could beg, 
scavenge, or steal. 

"Yet the amazing lasting impression 
have is that they have an undying faith 
and hope that God will find a way to 
bring peace to their land and they can 
return to their own homes," said Roger, 

"Whether in the government-con- 
trolled North or the liberated South of 
Sudan, I was struck by the one theme 
that was common to the Christians on 
both sides— the hope for peace." 

The church there invites people to 
enter into prayer on their behalf, said 
Roger. "They have a deep desire for 
peace, and they hope their fellow 
Christians would join them in 



One Great Hour of Sharing 
















_ a;_g 

_g ^ tn 

t. o 


O 3 

>^ O ■" 

S S3 

u ^ 


in ii 
<o _ 




"' ^ c 

oj a> 

g m w 

o i^ 

:S 6 " 
<. 2i-H 

O 'J m 

^ S c 












Young . . . and at risk. These 

■en, typified above by a Sudanese boy encamped 

>. .. .^um at a resettlement center of the Sudan Council 

of Churches. Upwards of 9 million of his people face starvation. 

Over the past 18 months Church World Service has sent $500,000, and 

the Church of the Brethren $135,000, to assist refugees in Sudan. 

Bor told him, "In 1984, the war isolated 
us from the rest of the church. I had 
nothing to share with my people but the 
cross. We have always preached about 
the power of the cross, but now we know 
the power of the cross. 

"With the example of Christ and the 
symbol of the cross, we no longer need 
to have any fear. We know that God's 
will shall be done and some day, in 
God's time, there will be peace in 

While every church building in Bishop 
Nathanael's diocese has been destroyed 
or damaged, the number of Christians 
has more than doubled since 1984, 
Roger learned. 

The area where Roger and his family 
worked in the early 1980s has also 
experienced phenomenal church growth. 
When they left in 1983, there were seven 
churches for 200,000 people. Now there 
are over 200 churches. 

But the growth is not without a major 
problem— leadership. In the western Nuer 
region where the Schrocks lived, there 
are no ordained priests or pastors. 

In Nasir, a center for the Presbyterian 
Church, near the Ethiopian border, the 
church has 1 5 1 preaching points and 
29,310 baptized Christians. But there has 
been a pastor there only four months out 
of the last five years. 


hen he stepped off the plane in 
Nasir, Roger was greeted by a crowd of 
150 Christians with choirs and drums. 
They said he was the first church repre- 
sentative from the outside to visit them 
in five years. 

Later he met with more than a hun- 
dred church leaders, some of whom had 
walked two days to see him. On Sunday 
morning, nearly a thousand people 
gathered under the trees for prayer. 

"When it came time for the offering, 
people brought grain— in a sense sharing 
out of their own mouths with people who 
have less," Roger said. 

But one's exuberance with the 

church's strength is diminished by i 
realities of war. Roger experienced 
civil war first-hand when the town ■ 
Torit suffered aerial bombing one c 
Hearing the bombs drop closer and 
closer to him— the closest landing a 
400 yards away— was the most terri 
experience of his life, he said. Thir 
people were killed, and 27 injured. 

"All you can do is lie on the groi 
and pray and hope," said Roger. "' 
you rise up and realize you are oka; 
deeply shaken, emotionally trauma 
You look around and become conci 
to see who has been hurt and if thei 
any casualties, feeling very helples; 
people begin to die. 

"Then you sit around for some h 
reflecting with fellow Christians ab 
the senselessness of war and the gn 
difficulties that people seem to hav^ 
peaceably resolving conflicts. You 
finally have to say, 'We have to ret 
trust that God will find a way.' 

One of the amazing experiences ( 
time in Sudan "was to experience 1 
the first time what a liberation move 
ment means to the people involved. 

"I had assumed that liberation meant 
freedom in a political or military sense. 
Instead it has meant a change in attitude 
about being responsible for one's own 
destiny and not being bound by those 
things that historically have limited a 
person or society." 

' 'There is almost no question in their 
minds that eventually their movement 
will succeed, even though they know it 
may be a long and difficult journey to 

LI A oir^ 




























































3 TS 








>-, «3 







return lo meir own nuiiic!>, bam rvugcir 

"Whether in the government-con- 
trolled North or the liberated South of 
Sudan, I was struck by the one theme 
that was common to the Christians on 
both sides— the hope for peace." 

The church there invites people to 
enter into prayer on their behalf, said 
Roger. "They have a deep desire for ■ 
peace, and they hope their fellow | 
Christians would join them in 

20 Messenger February 1991 

One Great Hour ofSharini^ 



Young . . . and at risk. These 

are the world' s children, typified above by a Sudanese boy encamped 

outside Khartoum at a resettlement center of the Sudan Council 

of Churches. Upwards of 9 million of his people face stan'ation. 

Over the past 18 months Church World Service has sent $500,000, and 

the Church of the Brethren $135,000, to assist refugees in Sudan. 

In Liberia (above), last year's 

civil war dislocated a million persons, separating in Monrovia alone 10,000 children 

from their families. Church World Service now seeks 

$1 million for emergency support and medical teams in Liberia; recent Church of 

the Brethren grants total $25,000. At right, in newly independent 

Namibia, a country reeling from 70 years of control by South Africa, 

young returnees await repatriation. Through Church World Service the churches have 

invested $600,000 in relief and repatriation in Namibia. 


One Great Hour of Sharing 

One Great Hour of Sharing 

In the Dominican Republic, 

Church World Service has worked for 30 years on programs of integrated 

development with SSID, the social service arm of the country' s 

Protestant and evangelical churches. In the village of Los Toros, 

a recent Church of the Brethren grant of $23,000 will bring irrigation 

to 150 farm families and 6.000 acres. Children from the new Church of the Brethren 

congregation in Los Toros are pictured above. 


Through One Great Hour of Sharing, the Emergency Disaster Fund, and the Global Food Crisis Fund, the 
Church of the Brethren contributes over $1 .25 million a year in Christ's name for programs of relief and develop- 
ment and in response to hunger, homelessness, and disaster. A large proportion of those served are children. 

::^v in Sudan 

onfiscating food that other relief 
gencies had in their storerooms. 

Why does the Sudanese government 
eny that starvation is going on? 

Jan: I think it is pride. They do not 
'ant to admit that their fundamentalist 
luslim govemment is involved in a 
ituation where people are hungry. Some 
;lief agencies have indicated that the 

February 1991 Messenger 21 

One Great Hour of Sharing 

In the Dor 

Church World Service has worked for 30 years 

development with SSID, the social servict 

2 fT> 






Protestant and evangelical churches. In th 

a recent Church of the Brethren grant of $23 

to 150 farm families and 6,000 acres. Children from the new Church of the Brethren 

congregation in Los Toros are pictured above. 

Through One Great How of Sharing, the Emergency Disaster Fund, and the Global Food Crisis Fund, the 
Church of the Brethren contributes over $1 .25 million a year in Christ's name for programs of relief and develop- 
ment and in response to hunger, homelessness. and disaster. A large proportion of those served are children. 

Hunger in Sudan 

)y Cheryl Cayford 

!. Jan and Roma Jo Thompson are 
brethren stajf seconded to the Sudan 
'!ouncil of Churches (SCC) and the 
'resbyterian Church in Sudan. Jan 
.'orks on disaster relief, crucial in a 
'rought- and war-ravaged country 
fhere the northern Muslim government 
as lost much control of the rebel- 
ontrolled and mostly Christian South, 
'oth Roma Jo and Jan teach in and help 
md a Theological Education by 
Extension (TEE) program in the capital 
ity of Khartoum in the North. The 
jllowing inten'iew was made during a 
ionth's vacation in the US. They 
eturned to Sudan November J . 

What is the situation of relief work 
1 Sudan? 

Jan: Starting the first of August, the 
udanese government required all relief 
gencies to receive permission from a 
linistry to buy food from brokers or 
rain dealers. The International Commit- 
5e for the Red Cross was trying to get 
ood for an airlift into a besieged, 
ovemment-held town. When I left they 
ad waited six weeks and still had not 
sceived permission to buy grain. And in 
lose six weeks, the government began 
onfiscating food that other relief 
gencies had in their storerooms. 

Why does the Sudanese government 
leny that starvation is going on? 

Jan: I think it is pride. They do not 
i'ant to admit that their fundamentalist 
Muslim government is involved in a 
ituation where people are hungry. Some 
elief agencies have indicated that the 

February 1991 Messenger 21 

government sold a bunch of its grain to 
Iraq this spring as a swap for military 
armaments, because Iraq has been 
supporting the Sudanese government in 
the civil war. I think the government is 
a little bit embarrassed for people to 
realize that they swapped food for 

I think it is also a way to say to Arab 
countries, "The Western Christian 
nations are not supporting us. We need 
support from the Arab countries." And it 
will be an excuse for them to disinvite 
Western relief agencies out of the 
country. The relief agencies also monitor 
civil rights abuses and make reports to 
the world press. 

Civil rights abuses are going on in 

Jan: We hear from our Sudanese 
friends, from people who are picked up 
off the street, taken to jails, tortured. 
Security police took the editor of the 
sec monthly newsletter from his office 
in the middle of March and he still is in- 
carcerated. People are not permitted to 
visit him, and there was no explanation 
given as to why he was picked up. He 
had written a fairly strong editorial the 
month before condemning some action 
that the government had taken. 

Are Christians especially under 

Jan: Yes. 

Roma Jo: According to one of the 
pastors, there have been young men, 
from age 12 to their early 20s, picked up 
off the street and not heard from again. 
No one knows for sure where they are or 
what happened to them. The pastor has 
been in touch with several families that 
have lost young men. 

Jan: It is thought the government is 
taking them and brainwashing them to 
be jihad, which is the holy war for the 
Muslims, and that they would be a jihad 

green beret-type corps. Since the young 
men are southerners and speak the 
southern language, they would then be 
used as a guerrilla unit. 

So mostly southerners are being 
picked up? 

Jan: Yes. We heard that some sou then 
young men have been forcibly picked 
up. Others have been enticed by money 
and offers of prestigious posts. When 
Roma Jo was talking with the Dinka 
tribespeople about starting a TEE 
class . . . 

Roma Jo: The Dinkas were saying 
how difficult it was to get transportation 
for the teacher or the tutor to get to a 
group discussion. I said, "Couldn't you 
have a class in your house or your 
courtyard?" They said, "Probably not" 
—because when there is a regular event 
or a group meeting, then they are 
under surveillance and they are ques- 

Jan: When Roger Schrock (executive 
of the General Board's World Ministries 
Commission) wanted to live with a 
Sudanese family to study Arabic, we 
tried for four or five months to get 
families to open their homes, and they 
all said, "It is not safe to have a 
kuwadja (white person) living with us, 
or even to be seen coming and going 
from our home. We would be questionec 
by the security and possibly impris- 

Jan: And I have had my Sudanese 
counterpart, when letters have to be 
signed and so forth, simply say, "It is 
not safe for a Sudanese to put his name 
on letters of protest at this time." So I 
think the Sudanese are very, very aware 
of the potential for retaliation from the 

Has this come about because of the 
civil war, or is it the conflict between 
Muslim and Christian or North and 

22 Messenger Febraary 1991 

These children are among thousands of displaced people living in Wau. 

The story of Abuk 

I found Abuk sitting on the floor 
among idle, rusting machinery. Frail, 
aged, and dressed in a cloth that could 
only have been used as a dust cloth by 
western standards, Abuk was sweeping 
her small living area. The cloth 
covered the lower half of her body. 
The upper was bare, exposing her thin 
and weakened condition. She smiled 
and I felt her saying, "This is not my 
choice, but we must survive." 

Abuk is one of thousands who have 
moved into the forestry workshop and 
office complex in the city of Wau. 
They sleep under workbenches, in the 
wrecked hulls of trucks, in hallways, 
and under the open sky. The roofs leak 
and they have no protection from the 
weather and the swarms of mosquitoes. 

Wau, in southwestern Sudan, was 
once a thriving community of 25,000 
that enjoyed public services such as 
electricity, water, and telephones. 
River barges from Khartoum brought 
many consumer goods. The commu- 
nity was surrounded by large teakwood 
plantations and rich farm land. 

The city is now a "garrison" town 
controlled by the Sudanese military. 
The surrounding countryside is 
controlled by the SPLA rebel group. 
Diesel to run the power plant and the 
waterworks no longer comes by road 

or barge. Displaced people have 
swelled the population to more than 
250,000. The land can no longer be 
tilled due to the insecurity of the area. 
One does not leave town without 
risking being caught by either side. 

Any available land— along the road, 
between the curb and sidewalk, in a 
roundabout, next to a market stall— is 
planted with either dura grain, toma- 
toes, eggplants, or peanuts. Gardens are 
planted right up to the houses, as 
opposed to the usual practice of 
keeping a clear space to discourage 
snakes and insects from getting in. 

Aurelio Madut and I were in Wau to 
finalize arrangements for an airlift of 
relief supplies from Nairobi. Canada 
International Development Agency, the 
Mennonite Central Committee, and the 
Lutheran World Federation agreed to 
help with funding, supplies, and logis- 
tics. The total cost will be between $2 
1/2 and 3 million. The airlift is 
expected to carry 1 ,765 metric tons of 
food, seeds, hand tools, fuel, and spare 
tires, and will feed 40,000 people for 
three months. 

I am often reminded of Abuk and 
pray that the assistance provided by all 
the relief agencies, little as it seems to 
be, will offer comfort to her and her 
people.-R. Jan Thompson 

Jan: It is more the government trying 
to silence the Christians and impose the 
total Muslim religion on the country. 
The government will do anything it can 
to control the southerners, who are the 
Christians. In August the government 
closed down two of the Catholic youth 
clubs. The government has told the 
Sudan Bible Society that it is going to 
have to close its office. It is another 
indication that the government is really 
moving on the Christian church. 

Roma Jo; Being a southerner says you 
are Christian, and you are on the 
opposite side of the government, which 
is Muslim. 

How does this affect your work with 
the TEE program? 

Roma Jo: So far I do not feel any 
direct impact from the government, but I 
am always just a little bit leery that they 
might show up during a group discussion 
time and say, "Disband." We meet in a 
church yard and there should be some 
sanctuary and safety there, but there is 
no guarantee. 

Jan: We felt fairly safe personally, up 
until the gulf crisis started. 

And that has changed the situation? 

Jan: Yes. We are returning with some 
apprehension, honestly, but we feel that 
we need to go. When we first went to 
Sudan, Roger Schrock and Ken Holder- 
read (former General Board Africa 
representative) both said, "Your basic 
role is to be there and to be in solidarity 
with the church. The accomplishments 
you make are not so important. It is 
more important that your presence is 
there." If that is true, it is probably more 
important that we be there now than it 
was a year ago. 

What about the food situation? Is 
mass starvation really right around 
the corner? 

February 1991 Messenger 23 

Jan: There is a Sudanese government- 
sponsored program called the Early 
Warning System, that comes out once a 
month. It lists prices in the markets, the 
rainfall for the year to date, and it gives 
indications of harvest. We in the SCC 
took the information— from government 
sources— indicating that we will have 20 
to 40 percent of a normal harvest this 
fall, if that much. The figures also 
indicate that there is just no surplus grain 
in storage now. 

We have also talked with other relief 
agencies and with pastors who have said, 
"We have people who are starving." I 
attend a meeting every Monday in which 
all the relief agencies get together under 
government auspices and we report what 
is going on. The relief and rehabilitation 
commission survey teams reported 
starvation in a small community outside 
Juba. There were also cases in the town 
of Kosti. 

Roma Jo: Death by starvation. 

Jan: And Kosti is where the govern- 
ment confiscated grain that the SCC had 
purchased. Before we left Sudan, 10,000 
people from the Dafur region came into 
Khartoum in a two-week period. Dafur is 

R. Jan and Roma Jo Thompson 

usually a breadbasket region. The people 
said they had been living off wild shrubs, 
and fruits for three months. They had 
sold their animals and there was nothing 
left to do, so they came to Khartoum. 
When you have 10,000 people walk 
across the desert, that is an indication 
that there are problems. 

The government is now stopping all 
these persons 30 to 40 miles outside of 
Khartoum and putting them in military 
camps. I think the government is afraid 
of food riots. There had been one food 
riot in a western town the week before 
we left. Even if there was food, it is 
almost impossible to deliver it because 
of the civil war and the militia, a kind oi 
home guard of northern Arabs. The 
World Food Program had a train loaded 
with grain headed to a certain area. The 
militia would not let it move, and that 
train has been sitting there for a year, i 

Is the government confiscating most 
of the relief that goes into the country 

Jan: I do not know how much relief is 
going into the country. The New York 
Times indicated that the US has stopped 
all their flow of relief supplies. Omar 
Bashir, the president of Sudan, quietly 
asked US AID for $150 million in grain, 
and the agency laughed at him and said 
no, because of his government's previ- 
ous actions. I think the Western nations 
will not send food to the present regime 
both because of the confiscation of relie 
supplies and its support of Iraq. I think 
there is going to be mass starvation. i 

Is there anything the churches can 

Jan: The Sudanese pastors and Chris- 
tians say the best thing the international 
community can do is pray for Sudan. 

Roma Jo: If there were an overthrow 
and a new government, there is the 
possibility that things could turn around 
But how many attempts have there 

24 Messenger February 1991 

been? Four or six attempts in the last six 

How long can the government, or 
even the country itself, survive under 
these conditions? 

Jan: I think the country cannot 
survive. The International Monetary 
Fund has declared Sudan a non-cooper- 
iting government, which means other 
;ountries are not supposed to extend 
;redit. Now, because of the gulf crisis, 
he Arab countries that have been 
supportive of Sudan are not sending 

For example, medicines— the doctor 
will write a prescription for you and you 
10 down to the local pharmacy and they 
ust laugh at you. A lot of factories have 
lad to close down because of lack of raw 
Tiaterials. That has put a lot of people 
)ut of work. There are hundreds of 
Sudanese coming back from Saudi 
\rabia, where they were working, 
)ecause the Saudis have told them to go 
tome. Sudan was getting a lot of its 
breign currency from Sudanese working 
n the gulf states. When those persons 
;ome home it means more mouths to 
eed, a decrease in international cur- 
■ency, and it is just all piling up. 

What is the situation with the rebels 
n the South? 

Jan: They control an area larger than 
he country of Uganda. There are 
garrison towns that the government 
:ontrols, but the only way the govem- 
nent can supply them is by air. The 
ntemational community has been 
eeding the people of the garrison town 
)f Juba for a year and a half by daily 
lirlifts from Nairobi. The SCC is feeding 
he people in the garrison town of Wau 
^'ith an airlift. 

People who have been in the South 
ndicate that churches are growing, 
schools are being conducted without a 

lot of supplies, and the "liberated areas" 
in rebel control are being supplied 
through Nairobi. World Vision, USAID, 
Catholic Relief Services, and others are 
giving food and supplies. A New SCC is 
being established there for relief and 
training of pastors. 

So the situation for people in "liber- 
ated areas" in the South is better than 
in the North? 

Jan: It seems to be. 

You know, we really would like to be 
positive about something. We can be 
positive about the faith of the Christians. 
We can be positive about the friendship 
of the Sudanese people on a one-to-one 
basis. I have had several Sudanese say, 
"If you had been here three or four years 
ago, I would have had you and your 
family to my place for a meal." And 
they kind of cry, and they say, "We 
cannot host you." 

Roma Jo: The way they would like to. 

Jan: Because of so many southerners 
either living with them, or because of the 

I was kidding with one of my friends 
at SCC— we were late at a meeting and 
Roma Jo expected me home at two 
o'clock and it was five o'clock— and I 
said, "Lino, I'm going to have to go 
home with you." He said, "Fine, you 
will be the 43rd person in line to go to 
the bathroom. I have 42 people living 
with me." 

He is, I presume, not a rich person? 

Jan: No, he is an accountant. And the 
SCC is advancing salaries for people. 
There are some people who have taken 
their salaries as far as two years in 
advance. We can be positive about the 
church and about the people, but we 
cannot be positive about the situation. 

Roma Jo: It is a desperate situation. 
The best solution would be two Sudans, 
a southern Sudan and a northern Sudan. 

But the northerners would not stand for 
that because so many of the resources 
are in the South. And transportation— I 
suppose it would take years for the roads 
and the river and other means to open 
up. I do not know what the answer is. 

Jan: If the war were to stop, it would 
take 15 or 20 years of development and 
a massive amount of funds to replace the 
infrastructure that the British had when 
they were in Sudan. 

The Brethren are still funding some 
relief shipments. Are those shipments 
also going to be confiscated? Are we 
throwing our money down the drain? 

Jan: Good question. We do not know. 
The Emergency Disaster Fund helped 
pay freight costs for 55,000 blankets, 
10,000 school kits, and some baby 
layettes and sewing kits that Church 
World Service donated. I do not think 
the government will confiscate blankets 
as it has food, but that is a possibility. 

I was willing to gamble because the 
blankets are so greatly needed. It gets 
cold in November, December, and 
January, and people live in the refugee 
settlements with very little clothing and 
are malnourished and need something to 
keep them warm. We could have used 
half a million blankets and still not had 
enough. Probably it will give one or two 
blankets per family for a family of six. 

Even the TEE program is being 
hindered because of lack of supplies. We 
are taking 20 reams of mimeograph 
paper back to Sudan with us. Even if we 
have to pay $200 overweight charges to 
take the paper on the plane, that still will 
be cheaper than what we would pay in 
Sudan, if we could find it there. But 20 
reams is not going to last very long. 

Roma Jo: Is the church wasting its 
money by having done what it has done? 
Maybe, but we still have to gamble that 
the aid is going to reach its destina- 
tion and help the people who 
need it. 


February 1991 Messenger 25 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Not too long ago I received 
from a client one of the 
nicest compliments I've ever 
had: "You always make me 
think . . . and I can't remem- 
ber your ever using the word 
'should.' " 

"It's a four-letter word," I 
said, "and a sizeable per- 
centage of the people who 
end up in my office are here 
because of too many 
'shoulds' in their lives." 

Though oversimplified, 
my response was not too far 
from the truth. "Anxiety" is 
that subjective state of fear 
and apprehension that inter- 
feres with the ability to think 
clearly, to solve problems, 
and to adequately manage 
environmental demands. 
Excessive anxiety can lead 
to what early psychodynamic 
theory called "neurosis," 
which described the condi- 
tion of those individuals who 
were demonstrably "sane," 
but who engaged in rigid, 
self-defeating behaviors. 

While the term has been 
deleted as a diagnostic 
category, it still retains some 
descriptive value in distin- 
guishing between the milder 
psychological disturbances, 
i.e. "neuroses," and the 
more severe, debilitating 
ones, i.e. "psychoses." 

In my experience, it seems 
that such neurotic anxiety all 
too often has its roots in 
other-oriented thinking— 
which invariably gives birth 
to an endless list of 
"shoulds" and "oughts." 

I realize I need to be 
careful here lest I leave the 
impression that I am advo- 
cating a hedonistic narcis- 
sism . . . which I'm not. For 
those of us who accept the 
message and Lordship of 
Jesus Christ, there is an 
external standard that man- 
dates a concern for others 

that is not only altruistic, but 

The difference lies in the 
choice of verb to express the 
intention. A concern for 
others bom out of conviction 
says, "I want . . .," while a 
preoccupation with others 
rooted in compulsion says, 
"I should. ..." The former 
communicates, "I am con- 
cerned about you because 
you are important and I care 
for you." The latter states, 
"I am worried about what 
you will think of me if I 
don't live up to your stan- 
dards." The former denotes 
integrity and promotes 
strength. The latter gener- 
ates anxiety and fosters 
neurosis. Listen to the 

"I should invite her to 
church. "/"I want to invite 
her to church." 

"I should teach Sunday 
School. "/"I want to teach 
Sunday School." 

"I should volunteer. "/"I 
want to volunteer." 

"I should give more 
money. "/"I want to give 
more money." 

Can you hear how much 
more power and energy is 
reflected in the "want 
to's" as opposed to the 
"shoulds"? The very word 
"should" sounds weak and 
grudging, while the phrase 
"want to" communicates 
motivation and deter- 

Now for the confusing 
part. More often than not, the 
external behavior manifested 
by said "shoulds" and 
"want to's" is incredibly 
similar, if not identical. 
That's one of the reasons a 
lot of seemingly healthy 
people "suddenly" suffer 
some kind of breakdown or 
find themselves in desperate 
need of psychological inter- 

vention. It's also why sin- 
cere, conscientious people 
are particularly vulnerable to 
the compulsive trappings of 
"shoulds." And as a ther- 
apist I know too well that the 
last thing someone who is 
stumbling under a load of 
"shoulds" needs is more of 
the same. 

I have an exercise for you: 
Just for fun, monitor the 
"shoulds" and "oughts" 
that parade through your 
mind. I predict you'll find an 
undeniable correlation be- 
tween their frequency and 
your level of stress. 

After they're tallied, ex- 
amine them and eliminate 
the ones that don't belong to 
you. This is crucial, because 
most of you cooperate with 
"shoulds" that are not con- 
ducive to your personal 
well-being and do not nur- 
ture an effective Christian 
witness. So divest yourself of 
those anxieties by casting 
them upon the One who 
cares for you. 

Now, for those expecta- 
tions you believe have a 
place in your life, delete the 
word "should" and insert 
the phrase "want to." I think 
you're in for a pleasant 
surprise. You'll find anxiety 
replaced by energy. 

Living according to the 
"shoulds" of others results 
in neurotic compulsion. 
However, choosing to 
internalize a "should" and 
making it a "want to" com- 
municates conviction and 
demonstrates the highest 
level of adaptive functioning 
. . . even by secular 


Robin Wentworth App, of 
Nappanee, Ind., is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Etna Green, Ind. 

26 Messenger Febmary 1991 



Taming the tube 

an interview with Quentin J. Schultze 

his is the first in an ongoing series of 
ccasional articles that help relate 
'hristian faith to daily living. 
' 'We are a nation of people sitting 
round in the evening watching tele- 
ision," says Quentin J. Schultze, 
iterviewed here by the editors of M.S. 
'atholic. Professor of communication 
rts and sciences at Calvin College in 
rrand Rapids, Mich., Schultze recently 
onducted in-depth interviews with 
oung people aged 10 to 18 as principal 

author o/ Dancing in the Dark: Youth, 
Popular Cuhure and the Electronic 
Media (Eerdmans. 1990). 

"The only way to cope," he tells 
parents, ' 'is to develop interpersonal 
relationships that are so healthy and so 
authentic that your children's need to 
reach out to the media and even, to some 
extent, to peers is not so strong." 

Is life harder for kids growing up 
today than it was a generation ago? 

It's harder in some ways and easier in 
others. In terms of basic economic 
survival, it's easier for those in the US 
middle class. But in terms of coping 
emotionally, there's no question that it's 
more difficult now. 

Growing up begins earlier and ends 
later than it used to. What used to be 
confined in North American culture to 
the teenage years is now extending fur- 
ther and further. Today you can find 10- 
year-old girls dressing like they're 16, 

February 1991 Messenger 27 

/ think today s kids are 
exceedingly unhappy. 
They find pleasure in 
rapidly changing 
experiences, including 
media consumption; 
but they have a deep, 
lurking need for some 
meaning and purpose 
in their lives. 

behaving provocatively without even 
knowing that they're doing it. But they 
sense that they have to be women and 
that they need to find some kind of 

You also find grown men who drive 
around in sports cars, dress like teenage 
boys, job-hop, and avoid getting married 
or taking on responsibilities. There is an 
implicit selfishness in their lifestyle, yet 
they have a strong sense that their lives 
lack real meaning. They're not sure who 
they are; they define themselves in terms 
of the job they do or the activity they're 
involved in at the moment. They're just 
out on the prowl. 

Are today's kids happy? 

I think they're exceedingly unhappy. 
They find pleasure in rapidly changing 
experiences, including media consump- 
tion; but they have a deep, lurking need 
for some meaning and purpose in their 
lives. The very thing that they're after 
—the thing that their parents have trained 
them to be after— is material gain, and 
young people are finding it less and less 

Unhappy children tend to blame their 
parents for causing their problems, and 
parents in turn often blame institutions, 
such as churches and school systems, for 
not bringing their kids up right. But I 
think parents are a major, if not the 
major, part of the problem. 

What do young people want out of 

Youth have essentially two needs: onei 
is for identity, and the other is for i 

intimacy. They're stuck between kid- 
hood and adulthood, and they're grap- 
pling with the basic question of identity: 
Who am I? 

In terms of intimacy, they need a 
close, open relationship with another 
person. This relationship doesn't have tc: 
be specifically sexual, though expres- 
sions of sexuality are one way teens 
meet their need for intimacy. In addi- 
tion, people in our culture question their^ 
identity at the same time they experieno 
physiological changes and a growing ' 
awareness of their sexuality. So the 
answers to the question "Who am I?" 
get wrapped up in the answers to "Whoi 
am I as a male or female?" i 

Who's providing these answers? 


In the past, identities and intimacies 
were formed in the traditional social i 
institutions. The family was number one 
but the school, the church, and the 
neighborhood were also very powerful. ! 
Neighborhood ethnic groups that 
included one's church and family were 
especially important. These were the la; 
pockets of resistance to the influence of 
the electronic media in this culture. 

But where do today's teens go to findi 
out about sexuality? The answer is veryis^i 
clear— their peers. Thirty percent of i 
teenagers say peers are their number-on 
source. The second source— just behind ' 
peers and equivalent in influence— is 
films. Parents and pastors are so far 
down the list they don't even matter I 

If we take this a little bit further and 
ask teenagers where their peers are \ |i| 
getting their ideas about intimacy and 
identity, they say: "From peers and the 

28 Messenger February 1991 



ledia." So a kind of youth ghetto has 
een created, where youth communicate 
lostly with other youth, consuming 
outh-oriented media and Hving in a 
ukure that is increasingly separate from 
ny other culture within the society. 

When did the media begin to take 

After World War II, all kinds of 
lectronic, youth-oriented media were 
eveloped. These media stepped in and 
rovided teaching and nurturing while 
ther institutions disintegrated. Trans- 
ortation and communications technol- 
gies came together at a time when 
ffluence developed rapidly. More and 
lore parents said, "Our principal desire 
i for a better life— materially." They 
lade decisions without, perhaps, 
linking through all the implications of 
leir decisions. In a society of abun- 
ance, they decided that material wealth 
'as more important than the careful 
urturing of their children. As these 
ecisions were made implicitly, the 
lectronic media moved in. 

To see how this works, think about the 
arent who says, "Isn't TV great with a 
-year-old? If I turn it on, the kid will sit 
lere and watch it and I can get other 
lings done." Or, "I'd rather have my 
jenagers sitting in the house watching a 
ideo— even when I'm not exactly happy 
bout its content— than out on the 
treets." You see, parents and others 
riticize the media but also depend on 
le media to help them continue their 
elfish lifestyles. 

How do you suggest that families 
ught to change? 

They can start by cutting back on 
idividual media consumption. Then 
ley can encourage family activities, 
dmost any activity that families engage 

in together will end up promoting 
conversation. They can take walks, go 
for drives, or play board games; the 
activity depends on the ages of the kids. 

Going on vacations together is good, 
though more and more it is the tendency 
for yuppie parents to leave their kids 
behind with someone else and go on 
vacation by themselves. Parents need to 
get away sometimes, but vacations have 
been very important occasions for 
families to get away from the media and 
be together. 

I have asked adults, "What are the 
things you remember that built relation- 
ships between you and your parents?" 
And the very kinds of things they said 
are things that are disappearing, such as 
doing the dishes together. Obviously 
that's not directly related to the media, 
but it's amazing how many people said 
that before they had dishwashers they 
would take turns in the kitchen. One 
parent would be there with a different 
kid each time, and they would talk. 

So when I speak to people about this, I 
simply say, "Think back on your own 
experiences while growing up. What 
things did you do that promoted commu- 
nication, that helped to frame your 
character? Then figure out which ones 
will work with your family." 

These activities will pay off by 
automatically developing relationships. 
These lead into discussions in which 
parents can provide insight. The way 
that parents do or don't provide insight 
about everyday issues influences the way 
their children will make judgments about 
the media and the wider culture. 

How can watching television cause 

The biggest problems are that it's in 
the home, it's free, and it's effortless. It 
takes more effort to read a book or to do 
almost anything else. Even architecture 

is designed for television viewing, and 
chairs are set up in rooms to make it 
easier to watch television and more 
difficult to discuss things with people. 

The average mother now spends about 
15 minutes a day communicating with 
her children; and the average father 
spends about 2 to 4 minutes, though one 
study has it at 40 seconds a day. In the 
average home the television set is on 
more than seven hours a day, and it's 
driving out interpersonal communica- 
tion. We are a nation of people sitting 
around in the evening watching televi- 

People watch a sitcom, ' 'The Cosby 
Show," for example, and say, "Boy, 
that's a great family— you know, that's 
what my family ought to be like." Well, 
maybe it is and maybe it isn't. 

In my home, we say, "An hour a day 
for TV, and that's it." If something 
special— the Winter Olympics or a movie 
we all love— is on, then we make an 

But we've decided that if we have 
only 2-1/2 hours of time to spend as a 
family each day and we use that all up 
with television, what's left? How are my 
son and daughter going to learn anything 
from me or my wife just through normal 
interaction? I'm not talking about sitting 
the kids down for a lecture, saying, "I 
want to teach you something." But I am 
talking about doing things that naturally 
promote communication. 

Going for walks is a major activity in 
my home, and my son and I go out and 
share ideas. We usually commiserate 
about the "girl problem": He has his 
version of it; I have my version of it. 

But once we were walking down the 
street in one of the wealthiest areas in 
town. I was eyeing the big homes with 
gates and long driveways and all. Out of 
the silence, my son asked, "Dad, are the 
people who live here going to heaven?" 
I said, "What do you mean? I don't 

February 1991 Messenger 29 

Let's get youth into 
the mainstream 
activity of our 
churches not just 
as token represen- 
tatives but as bona 
fide people who are 
becoming adults 
and have something 
to offer 

know these people." And he said, "But 
doesn't the Bible say that rich people 
can't get to heaven?" 

So there we were, walking through 
this neighborhood and talking about ca- 
mels, the eyes of needles, and the hu- 
man heart. Now, take the best television 
program you can think of— the most re- 
deeming one on— and I ask you: Should 
I, as a father, trade those walks with my 
son for that program? I don't think so. 

You've said that kids usually turn to 
the media rather than their parents 
for information. What messages do 
they get? 

"You're sexually frustrated? We've 
got the solution. You want to be thought 
of as sexually attractive? Here's how 
you dress; here's how you speak." 
Something that's natural about the way 
we're made, male and female, has 
become a matter of cultural exploitation 
by those who stand to gain by defining 
"male" and "female" in a certain way. 

You can't understand Madonna as a 
phenomenon, for example, without 
understanding that her message to 
women is, "I've got something for you 
to be like." The flip side is her message 
to men, saying, "Isn't this really what 
you want in a woman?" Sexual mes- 
sages are pervasive in this culture. 

MTV is the first television network 
designed specifically to say to young 
people, "We've got the answers to the 
problems that you have regarding 
intimacy and identity." The whole 
channel was set up with that in mind. 
The people who designed it knew exact- 
ly what they were doing. 

For instance, when they set up the 
VJs, which are the video equivalent of 
disc jockeys, they said, "Let's have 
them in a very personal environment, 
kind of like a family room. We'll dress 
them informally and make it seem live. 

so that individual teenage viewers 
watching will feel like they are develop 
ing a relationship— an intimacy 
—with a VJ as a friend." This is just onei 
example of how MTV has tried to pull 
this off. They've concentrated on it, 
whereas the other media are still figuring 
out how they can best take advantage of 
those basic needs for identity and 

Soap operas are another big attraction' 
for teenagers. I've asked some youth 
why they watch them, and the best way ] 
can summarize their answers is to report 
that soap operas seem like a window intd 
the adult world for teenagers. Young 
people want to know what the adult 
world is all about, and they can turn on ; 
TV and see the intimate adult world. 

Now, obviously, real adults know that 
soap operas are hardly a reflection of 
what the real adult world is like. At best 
they're an exaggerated version of some ' 
parts of it. But teenagers who watch the 
soaps don't know that. 

I remember speaking to a large group 
of parents and being asked by one man, 
"What can I do to keep my 1 6-year-old i 
daughter from watching a soap opera 
every day?" I didn't want to embarrass 
him; but I responded with, "When was ( 
the last time you talked with your 
daughter about sex?" He turned beet 
red, and I sort of wished I hadn't asked 
him that. But I said, "Your daughter ha; 
some needs that are being met by this 
program, and they're not just needs for i 
entertainment. She's looking for exam- 
ples of intimacy and of what women are 
supposed to be like as grownups." I 
suggested that he sit down and watch th 
show with her and then talk about the 
extent to which it portrays adult life as i 
really is. Opening up communication 
can weaken the soaps' strong lure. 

Rock songs and rap music are 
getting a lot of press lately. Are they 

30 Messenger February 1991 

eally a bad influence? 

Here's a surprising finding: Though 
nany young people know the lyrics of 
;very single popular song, most have 
lever thought about the lyrics at all. I'd 
isk them, "What do you think this 
neans?" In almost every case, even if 
he meaning was clear, they didn't get it. 
Because music is experiential, it com- 
nunicates on many different levels; and 
'oung people tend not to think about it 
n terms of the lyrical message. The 
yrics of most popular songs could be 
;hanged, and they would be just as 

If the message doesn't matter, why 
ire the lyrics so graphic? 

The message matters, but the message 
s not just lyrics; it's feelings and emo- 
ions that youth often cannot express 
:asily in words. 

People who produce these products 
lave their own ideas about what makes 
hem successful. Sensationalism is one 
hing that will get people talking. When 
I rap group has a record that gets cen- 
ored, the fuss is probably the single best 
)romotional thing that could happen to 
hem. So the message becomes, "Be 
taring" or "Be cool," especially by 
mying our record. 

Why don't young people show better 
udgment in choosing their entertain- 

Though superficially sophisticated, 
^outh are basically very naive about the 
nedia and popular art. Schools, public 
ind private alike, fail students by not 
lelping them develop some type of 
nedia literacy. The visual media are 
)eginning to dominate public communi- 
:ation in this society and, increasingly, 
iround the world. If students cannot read 

a visual message critically— can't even 
understand what's being said through 
color, through symbol, through perspec- 
tive, and so forth— they're not receiving 
an adequate education. Christian schools 
have an incredible opportunity to bring 
into the classroom not just a neutral 
visual literacy but also a religious 
perspective from which to interpret 

Youth are incredibly informed about 
what's going on in popular culture; but 
they have no idea, for example, what 
goes into the production of rock videos. 
Almost all young people that I've talked 
with think that these videos are made by 
the rock groups themselves. They don't 
understand that very few groups have 
any control whatsoever over their 
videos. They're made like commercials: 
The record company hires a producer, 
usually someone from the advertising 
business, and the producer makes a 
commercial for a record. Very few rock 
groups have the clout to control their 
publicity rights, so most just allow them- 
selves to be used in whatever way neces- 
sary for the purposes of promotion. But 
few fans understand that. They're con- 
vinced that the rock group is trying to 
say something to them, that there's a 
special message to be found if they just 

In fact, the real message is something 
like, "Enjoy this experience and buy the 
recording. We love your money." 

So how can parents and parishes 
become more influential than the 

If churches don't offer real and 
positive views of sexuality, of identity 
and intimacy, then they're setting up 
situations where the media can come in 
and offer solutions to the problems 
young people face. The way most insti- 
tutions have responded to youth prob- 

lems in general is to try to get youth 
together. They are treated like youth and 
taught like youth (by people who try to 
be like youth) in their own "youth 
ghetto." I think church youth groups, by 
and large, are part of the problem rather 
than part of the solution. What churches 
have done by setting youth apart in this 
way is to set up the very kind of market 
conditions that the media need to reach 

We really need to figure out ways to 
promote cross-generational communi- 
cation within traditional social institu- 
tions. For example, some young people 
and adults from one church traveled 
together throughout the South for a 
couple of weeks building houses for poor 
people. They prayed together, they 
worshiped together, and— probably for 
the first time in their lives— the youth 
had some adults treat them as adults and 
bare their spiritual souls to them. When 
the kids came back, many said that their 
lives had been transformed in the short 
period of time. 

The fact is that adults have needs for 
identity and intimacy, too. In most cases, 
though, they have done a somewhat 
better job of finding real, God-glorifying 
ways to meet these needs. 

The youth ghetto that has developed 
depends upon the maintenance of 
immaturity among youth, a group that 
now encompasses people 28 and 29 (and 
soon 35 and 40 and 65) years of age. I 
suggest churches take these youth and let 
them mature by working with adults. Let 
them build self-esteem by accomplishing 
something. Let's get youth into the 
mainstream activity of our churches not 
just as token representatives but as bona 
fide people who are becoming adults 
and have something to 


This article is reprinted, with permission, from 
the October 1990 issue ofU. S. Catholic. 

February 1991 Messenger 31 

Is love 
as strong 
as death? 

by Frank Ramirez 


Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. 

"Believe. ..." 

(advertising slogan for 
the movie Ghostj 

"The affirmation 'For love 
is strong as death . . .' has 
been generally recognized as 
the theme and message of 
the Song of Songs" (Marvin 
Pope, Anchor Bible, page 
226). Although the movie 
Ghost bears little outward re- 
semblance to the delicate 
biblical poem of sexuality, 
the same thread is woven 
throughout its story. 

G/!05? (PG- 13) is a well- 
crafted thriller with a 
supernatural twist. Patrick 
Swayze plays Sam Wheat, a 
yuppie New York banker. 
Demi Moore plays his lover. 
When Sam is murdered 
during an apparently random 
robbery, he finds himself 
suspended between heaven 
and hell, a prisoner of earth 
unable to touch the life of 
the one he loves. 

Sam discovers his death 
was no accident, and his 
lover is the next target. Only 
with the unwilling help of a 
charlatan spiritualist, played 
by Whoopi Goldberg, who 
steals the show, can he 
haltingly communicate with 
the living. 

Love is as strong as death, 
at least in this film, and the 
action of love can protect 
and defend as well. "It's 
amazing," Sam says near the 
end. "The love you carry 
inside, you keep." His final 
words, "See ya," hold in 
them the promise of reunion 
and restoration. 

The whole genre is send- 
ing a message to Christians. 

Ghost, with such recent films 
as Always, Hello Again, and 
Chances Are, tells us our 
secular age owns a great 
anxiety about death along 
with a hunger to know about 
the life after. Though not a 
Christian film, it asks ques- 
tions to which Christians 
profess to have answers. It is 
not enough to know we 
survive death. Will we still 
love and care for the same 

One of the most over- 
looked aspects of the 
resurrection of Jesus is the 
fact that on his return from 
death he ministered first to 
those who loved him. The 
character of his love was 
unchanged. The potential of 
love had expanded. No 
longer housed in that chosen 
and feeble vessel that could 
be tortured on the cross, his 
love could "inspire," in the 
sense of giving breath. Is 
love as strong as death? 
Three things abide, we read 
in 1 Corinthians, and the 
greatest of these is— 

Ah, you interrupt! The 
world wants quantified 
results, a report from that 
"undiscovered country, from 
whose bourn no traveller 
returns" (Hamlet Ill-i), even 
at the risk that a tale should 
"unfold whose lightest word 
would harrow up thy soul 
..." (Hamlet I-v). We offer 
Good News, but it must be 
taken as the substance of 
things hoped for. In inviting 
someone to take that leap of 
faith we may show them the 
effects left in the wake of the 
great leveling storm of Love. 
He is risen! 

One thing the film makes 
clear is something our 
ancestors in the faith took 
for granted— we live in 
middengeard, that is, 
middle-earth, a rather vague 
place suspended between 
the clarification of heaven 
and the dissolution of hell. 
At any moment the thin 
tissue of this world can 
collapse, sending us in a 
burst into a wider world that 
was never more than a breath 
away. Such a world demands 
real choice, not merely 
between "tastes great" and 
"less filling," but between 
real life and real death. 
Believe. . . . 

One other element 
deserves mention. Sam 
Wheat discovers in death 
that he left much unsaid. 
How often, as clergy and 
caregivers, do we turn the 
thoughts of the dying, and 
the living, away from the 
unassailable fact that "Men 
must endure their going 
hence" (King Lear V-ii)? 
Ministry with the dying 
should emphasize the 
importance of articulating 
love, settling accounts, 
achieving closure. 

The action of Ghost is 
vivid and graphic. It contains 
extremes in language and 
situations of the sort regu- 
larly encountered in a major 
city. Having stated this 
caveat, I have no hesita- 
tion in recommending 

"See ya!" 


Frank Ramirez is pastor of the 
Elkhart Valley Church of the 
Brethren, near Elkhart, Ind. 

32 Messenger Febraary 1991 

., 1. 


Loving God comes first 

Praise the Lord for Vemard Eller's 
November article, "Why the First 
Commandment Must Be First." 

We must love God as our first priority 
in order to condition ourselves to love 
self in a God-like way. Then we will be 
ible to love our neighbors, be they 
Friend or foe. 

To love God with our whole being is 
:o find the peace of God that passes all 
inderstanding (Phil. 4:7). That condi- 
;ions us for the second commandment. 

Wilmer M. Lehman 
Edison, Neb. 

Choices in the Gulf 

^ou disparage President Bush's efforts 
'or peace in the Persian Gulf (October 
iditorial, "Which Drummer Shall We 
"■ollow?"). But isn't there a greater sin 
;han war? 

You turn a blind eye to the flouting of 
ntemational law in the invasion, 
ooting, raping, and spoiling of Kuwait. 
yVould the editorial have read the same 
Nay if it dealt with Hitler's invasion of 
^land? Get real. 

Myron C. Hoist 
York. Pa. 

I write this as the USA is poised on the 
Drink of war. Our national leaders have 
he same values and assumptions as 
hose of our leaders of the 1960s on such 
ssues as winnable wars, evil empires. 

r/ie opinions expressed here are nor necessarily 
hose of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
n the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
'.xpressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful of 
he opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
hat respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
miy when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
varranted. We will not consider any letter that 
-omes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
etier, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
'Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. 

justifiable use of force, covert activities 
too sensitive for public scrutiny, and 
acceptable risks to human life. President 
Bush reveals his own shallow under- 
standing of history by promising never 
to enter a military situation that we 
would not win. 

No one can win a war. Innocents will 
die and we will have lost in trying to 
win. The more convinced or convincing 
the president is about winning, the more 
destructive, unrealistic, and ultimately 
prolonged the war would become. Our 
country has not even dealt fairly with the 
victims and veterans of our past wars, 
whose disfiguring injuries, enduring 
psychological problems, and inadequate 
health care remind us of only a fraction 
of the cost of war. 

We have a choice that we may never 
have again. If we are indifferent and 
complacent about peace, the choices will 
be made for us, and the outcome will be 
war. We do not have to accept President 
Bush's version of history, his determina- 
tion of what is worth dying for, or what 
he thinks we should kill for. This is a 
time for the courage and moral outrage 
of citizens to turn the direction of 
misguided leaders. 

Mike Stern 
Seattle, Wash. 

CPS: Right then and now 

The October coverage of Civilian Public 
Service was excellent. My father is Luke 
Bachman, who was quoted about quietly 
influencing his children. 

I was proud of my father for choosing 
an unpopular stand on an issue he felt 
strongly about. His action influenced me 
to become a non-registrant when I turned 
18 in 1971. 1 chose to enter Brethren 
Volunteer Service even though I was not 
technically a "CO." 

After my BVS term, served at Elgin 
(111.) State Hospital, I stayed on as a 
hospital employee for several years. This 
led to my becoming a registered nurse 
and currently being close to my ultimate 
goal of completing medical school (this 
June) and practicing as a naturopathic 

physician in the Pacific Northwest. 

Throughout these 20 years of my 
involvement in the health care field I 
have had the strong support of both my 
father and my mother (who served as a 
volunteer at Elgin State Hospital also 
and served at Castafier Hospital, in 
Puerto Rico, with my father). 

My parents' experience with CPS 
definitely "rubbed off on me" in a most 
positive and powerful way. 

Gary Bachman 
Seattle, Wash. 

I was a pastor in Lima, Ohio, and a 
member of Annual Conference Standing 
Committee when, in December 1940, the 
committee was summoned to a meeting 
in Chicago to consider the US govern- 
ment's proposal that the Historic Peace 
Churches (Brethren, Mennonites, and 
Friends) set up, administer, and pay for 
CPS camps for our COs and others. We 
accepted that proposal. 

CPS was right for that time. It had its 
pluses and minuses but it affirmed our 
support of our Brethren COs. 

Charles E. Znnkel 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Debating God's abilities 

Most readers of the November article 
"Things God Cannot Do" will miss the 
point made in the first paragraph, that 
God cannot do certain things because 
God is self-limited. This article will be 
widely misunderstood and will do much 
more harm than good. 

Roy White 
Citronelle, Ala. 

T. Wayne Rieman's assertions about 
what God cannot do are all contradicted 
by scripture. Because we are limited and 
weak, we imagine that at some point 
God is too. The "Almighty God" is 
beyond our reach. No amount of human 
intelligence or reasoning can change 
that. If we could understand God he 
would be unworthy of our worship. 

W. Ken Groff 
Dayton, Ohio 

February 1991 Messenger 33 


On the need for spiritual renewal 

Joyce S. McFadden 

Work for Brethren 
spiritual renewal 

The December Messenger, from cover 
to cover, grew on me as I read one 
article after another. I identified with 
Michael King's telling of depression and 
"tear-filled soul," of "busying our- 
selves to forget the hurt" (page 1 1). I 
affirm, with King, that, yes, the story of 
the birth of the Holy One is true, and we 
will all "get picked up," not only at 
Christmas, but on any day we see the 
need and ask for help. 

I was so moved by the call to spiritual 
renewal by our Church of the Brethren 
leaders (page 10), that I reread and stud- 
ied it carefully, even spending several 
hours poring over scripture and Richard 
Foster's Celebration of Discipline. As I 
read, and as I prayed for a sense of 
God's will for me on this issue, I got 
excited. Mighty winds of the Spirit can 
move, even in a quiet living room, and I 
felt as if a gust from the General Board 
room in Elgin, 111., had touched me. 

I made an inner commitment to join in 
prayer with my sisters and brothers at 
7:30 a.m., EST, each Monday. I suspect 
that I have only begun to struggle with 
the thought of fasting. 

Imagine a group of Brethren fasting 
and rejoicing together, celebrating what 
God has done and can do for us as 
individuals and as a denomination. No 
sackcloth and ashes, mind you, but 
putting God at the center of our worship 
and celebration, bringing our gifts and 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
church with whom we agree or disagree is a 
characteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
the continuation of this value, and to an open and 
probing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

34 Messenger February 1 99 1 

heaping our offering tables as full as we 
usually do our potluck dinner tables. 

Jorge Toledo and our Dominican 
Republic Brethren (page 18) might be 
able to help us learn to rejoice in our 
plenty. They seem to understand the joy 
of just singing and praying together. 
They seem capable of worship "free of 
lethargy and empty repetition, but filled 
with awe, reverence, and energy," as 
called for by our Faithful Six (page 10). 
Spontaneous singing and witnessing, 
perhaps. I'll bet that Jorge's Brethren 
don't have printed bulletins for their 
two-to-three-hour nightly meetings! 

And imagine us "all going to church 
early in the morning to praise before 
(we) go to work." I would settle for us 
gathering for collective silent prayer and 
meditation. The December Messenger 
gave us a vision. Let's go for it. 

I call the church to go a step farther 
than the February 1 7 day of confession 
and repentance and ask, "To what 
lengths are we willing to go to be 
healed, empowered, energized. Spirit- 
filled?" We need to move beyond Bible 
study, prayer, fasting, and worship, and 
do some thorough personal and corpo- 
rate soul-searching and confession 
before we can truly know the depths of 
God's love and grace for us or be 
cleansed and empowered to respond to 
God's call. 

Any serious recovering alcoholic who 
works the Twelve Steps of Alcoholics 
Anonymous knows that recovery is 
thwarted and stunted until there is a 
willingness to face self-inventory and 


confession. As Christians, we pray for 
God to forgive us our trespasses (debts) ■ 
as we forgive our debtors. How many of i 
us have taken time, however, to quietly • 
and prayerfully list these wrongs, these i 
trespasses? To bring them to the light of i 
consciousness, in written form? 

It is amazing to consider the energy : 
and power that these free-floating guilts,: 
fears, hurts, resentments, angers, and 
other impotent, prideful, shameful 
feelings drain from our souls and to 
consider the depression that often 
results. It is equally amazing to considerfl» 
the transformation and freedom that 
come from sharing with God and anothe: 
human being the exact nature of these t 
debilitating qualities. The power they 
hold over us is broken, and we become : 
free to be empowered with the gifts of ' 
the Spirit that Paul talks about. 

This inventory and confession that has 
transformed millions in Twelve Step 
programs over the past 50 years is not 
new to AA. Richard Foster quotes ■ 

Dietrich Bonhoeffer and tells of his own ' 
experience in finding that confessing ' 
"releases the power that heals. Our 
humanity is no longer denied, but 
transformed." And so it is. 

I can see us Brethren moving to a 
corporate inventory and Confession, 
looking at the resentments, hurts, and 
pain within our body as a church. 

This would lead naturally into some- 
thing I remember was done routinely in 
my childhood: The deacons came to us 
before communion and asked if we had 
anything against a brother or sister that 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint ^'Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joe\ 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526. 

HEV, &0D, X RESENT tWl^imMS 
BE\MO RE.FER'^EO to in 




&006 90lhiT. 


bate on flag use in churches 

e needed to make right before ap- 
roaching the Lord's table. What if we 
jterally, prayerfully, and humbly asked 
jod and others to forgive us and 
intended this kindness to those with 
|hom we have been angry or by whom 
'6 have been hurt? What if we took the 
pok of James seriously? Are we afraid 
i) trust the very fellowship we call the 

ody of Christ? 

If we were as honest and open in the 
ihurch as persons are in the Fellowship 
f Alcoholics Anonymous, we would 
lave to risk being shredded in the 
jrocess. But by God's transforming 
race, this doesn't have to be true in the 

God is calling the Church of the 
■rethren to spiritual renewal, not a 
•urial, as Wayne Fralin may have been 
fnplying (pages 6 and 32). But bless 
iour heart for getting our attention, 
brother Fralin. We need to acknowledge 
le encumbering grave clothes that are 
inding and killing us before we can see 
le need for change or catch the 
ision for spiritual renewal. 


Joyce S. McFadden is a member of the 
'anchester Church of the Brethren, North 
'anchester, Ind. 

ohn R. Long 

Let's debate the 
JS flag issue 

appreciated Jay Steele's November 
)pinion piece, "We Are Mired in 
'■Mediocrity." I, too, was very disturbed 
t Annual Conference's refusal to 
espond to the query "Use of Flags on 
uhurch Properties." And I was amazed 
In the first place by Standing Commit- 

e's recommendation to send it back 

The Church of the Brethren has no 
official historical statement on the 
iresence of flags in its sanctuaries, 
likely the use of a flag was so uniformly 

opposed in the past that the matter never 
came up for discussion. In this day of 
"mediocrity," however, things have 
become blurred in our church-state 
relationships, even though Annual 
Conference approved a paper on church 

Take Hold of Your Future 

and state relations in 1989. 

Two things impressed me about this 
flag item of business. First, the query 
was worded very carefully, so as not to 
be offensive or inflamatory in its 
wording. Second, a passionate story was 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 


McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Kevin, a sophomore, and Laurale. a senior, shown with their parents, 
Carol and Rev. George Snyder '63. 

^^McPherson College extends a warm tvelcome offiienSship to visitors and students. The College and its 
faculty offer an atmosphere of caring plus sharing of ideas for an excellent education. " 

— G«orge Snyder 

1963 Alumnus and Parent of two McPherson College students; 

Pastor, West York Church of the Brethren 

York, Pennsylvania 

Scholarships /Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 
Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

fi"^- : Send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, P.O. Box 1402, 

McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call coUect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability. 

Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


Address . 

. State . 

. Zip. 

Phone I )_ 

. Year of Graduation . 

February 1991 Messenger 35 

told by the pastor of the congregation 
from which the query came, concerning 

From the 

Office of Human Resources — 


A Whole-Person Healtti Ministry 

This part-time position requires no relocation 


-interpret & promote newly developed program 
for Association of Brethren Caregivers (ABC) 

-vi/ork vj/6 modei congregations annuaiiy to 
facilitate this program 

—serve as trainer 

-work w/ABC Executive Director in directing 
and implementing the Laflya program. 


— theiogicai training 

—experience in health core field & con- 
gregational ieadership 

-understanding of wAiolistic health principles 

-v\niiing to travel & spend extended time vinth 
each of the model congregations 

Interested and quaiified persons may make 
application by sending a letter of interest and 
a resume to: Dale E. Minnich, 1451 Dundee 
Ave,, Elgin, iL 60120. Applicants are requested 
to contact 3-4 persons and have them provide 
a letter of reference. 
All materiais due by February 21, 1991. 

its struggle over the issue. Here was a 
plea for direction from the Brotherhood 
on a matter of great concern to that 
congregation . . . and that district. But 
Conference chose simply to throw the 
matter back into the laps of the congre- 
gation and district. "Anything will be 
fine." seemed to be the response. 

After that business session was over, I 
mentioned my concern to another pastor 
and he told me, "Well, you know, this is 
really not an issue in our churches." His 
reply surprised me, but apparently this is 
true for some congregations and some 
pastors. My knowledge of what is 
happening in the Brotherhood is not 
extensive, but I do know that the 
struggle of the congregation in Shenan- 
doah District is not unique. It is an issue 
for many people. 

The flag issue is one we should 

address. The presence of our national 
flag in the house of God does say 
something about our church-state 
relationship and how we view it. Who do 
we put first in our life? Why? In what 
ways do the presence of symbols in our 
churches affect that? We need to be 
dealing with such questions. 

The only Brethren paper related to the 
issue (as far as I know) is one pulled 
together by E. Paul Weaver some 20 or 
30 years ago. Apparently it was handed 
out to Standing Committee members at 
Milwaukee. There is nothing official 
about this paper, but it might be worth 
considering. Perhaps it should be 
circulated as part of the process of 
discussing this important issue. 


John R. Long is co-pastor of the Center Church 
of the Brethren. Louisville. Ohio. 


WANTED-Residential Manager. Christian married couple 
needed as Residential Managers in group home for devel- 
opmentally disabled adults. Also to provide daily supervi- 
sion to residents. Position inclds. planning, implementing 
individual goals. Prefer one spouse have degree in human 
service field. Experience with developmentally disabled 
helpful. Salary, benefits, rm./board provided. Inclds. private 
apt. For more info, contact Angle Petersheim, Executive 
Director, C.R.O.S.S., Inc., 712 Pinola Rd., Shippensburg, 
PA17257. Tel. (717)530-1788. 

WANTED-lmmediate pos. opening, Dir. of Member Serv- 
ices, Mennonite Health Services, Akron, Pa. Start date 
negotiable. Provide direction, administrative services to 
health, welfare institutions; develop, execute programs of 
administrative consultation, contracted management serv- 
ices for member institutions. Executive exp.. Master's 
degree in healthcare administration preferred. Strong lead- 
ership skills, Mennonite, Brethren in Christ or Church of 
Brethren affiliation essential. Detailed job description pro- 
vided on request. Contact Carl L. Good, Executive Director. 
Mennonite Health Services, Box 500, Akron, PA 17501- 
0500. Tel. (717)859-1151. 

FOR SALE-Our Family Books by Mason; Ziegler family 
Record (revised), 1990; Va. residents, $33.50; others 
$32.50. John Mason and Mary Ann Miller. 1986; Va. resi- 
dents, $32.50; others $31 .50. Michael Miller of 1692 (in 
process). (Miller m. 1 Susanna Agnes Bechtol; m. 2 Eliza- 
beth Garber, widow of Nicholas Garber.) For information 
SASE. Write; Floyd R. Mason, 4409 Park Rd., Alexandria, 
VA 22312, 

FOR SALE-Being ex-CPSer myself, I found CPS articles in 
October MESSENGER issue very interesting. Many Church 
of Brethren CPS boys were in camps with us Old German 
Baptist boys. I have written a book-OW German Baptists in 
CPS (1989). Gives info, on our church's long-time opposi- 
tion to war; formation of CPS in earliest days incld. corre- 
spondence that transpired between Government. Selective 

36 Messenger February 1991 

Service, NSBRO and Old German Baptist Service Commit- 
tee in connection with Church of Brethren. 288 pages incld. 
pictures, contributions of experiences fr. over 40 Old Ger- 
man Baptist CPSers. $10.50 postpaid. Available fr; John 
W. Brubaker, 2323 Halderman Rd., West Alexandna, OH 

TRAVEL-With a purpose with Wendell and Joan Bohrer to 
Alaska following Annual Conference next year. Beginning 
July 9 in Portland. For information concerning this cruise/ 
tour write; Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow 
Dnve, Indianapolis, IN 46217. Tel. (317) 882-5067. 

TRAVEL- You are invited to join Host Wayne F. Geisert, 
President, Bridgewater College, on tour to exotic orient. 
Tour includes Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong 
Kong (Jul. 8-22, 1991). Departure via San Francisco imme- 
diately following 1991 Annual Conference, Portland. Inclu- 
sive pnce $3,290 per person (dbl. occupancy) 15-day 
adventure includes American breakfast each day, and one 
special dinner and cultural performance as well as local 
tours in four major cities. Economical air connections to San 
Francisco fr. Portland, Ore.; Washington, D.C.; other points 
can be arranged. For additional info, contact Dr. W. F. 
Geisen, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812. Tel. 
(703) 828-3362; Fax (703) 828-2160; or Ms. Jacque Wood 
Halpern, Turner Travel, (800) 542-2029. 

TRAVEL-Annual Conference. A/C coach tour to Annual 
Conference, Portland, Visit Bethany Seminary, Elgin 
hdqtrs. Hear Salt Lake City Mormon Tabernacle Choir. 
Return route via Victoria, Canadian Rockies, Lake Louise. 
Wnte J. Kenneth Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer Road, Eliza- 
bethtown, PA 17022. 

TRAVEL-South Pacific. Once in lifetime trip to New Zeal- 
and, Australia. Inclds. Great Barrier Reef, Milford Sound, 
home stay and dinner, sheep station, Sydney, Christ- 
church. Springtime down under. Nov. 20-Dec. 7. Hurry. 
England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland optional. June 14- 

June 30 or July 6. More than just another commercial tour. 
We give you more for less. Rothrock Tours, 502 Charies, 
McPherson, KS 67460. Or call for brochures-(316) 241 

TRAVEL-Experience Magic of the Alps in 1991. Austria 
Switzerland, or Germany used to enhance tours of Europe 
Why not enjoy all three on tour June 20-July 3, 1991 . Co- 
hosted by Frank Miller, retired Purdue Extension Agent, anc 
Cass White, Program and Seivice Dept., Timbercres' 
Home. Alternate date July 4-17, 1991. Tour arranged bj 
Rural Route Tours. Visit Munich, Rothenburg, Zermat (a 
foot of Matterhorn), St. Moritz, Innsbruck, Vienna, Oberatii' 
mergau, Salzburg, Geneva, Augsburg, Frankfurt. Ride fa 
mous Glacier Express. Visit a family in Bavarian Alps. View 
ancient castles, quaint villages fr. riverboat deck on deligfit 
ful blue Danube cruise. Relax in first-class hotels, Buffe 
breakfast, 3-course dinner daily except Vienna. Trave 
deluxe motor coach designed for sightseeing. Full-timf 
professional English-speaking Tour Manager. Contac 
Frank Miller, 317 Hickory Lane, North Manchester, ih 
46962. Tel. (219) 982-4529 or Cass White (219) 982-6649 

INVITATION-lf you or someone you love moves to or visit 
Los Angeles, tour Crystal Cathedral and Disneyland bu 
worship in exciting church-the Panorama City Church o 
Brethren, 14517 Osborne, near Van Nuys and NordofI 
Panorama City Church has congregations in 4 languages 
In English-language congregation (9;30 a.m.) are Korear 
Hispanic, Indian, White and African Americans. Tmly urbai 
church with strong Brethren values. Small and growinj 
Contact Wayne Zunkel, 15843 Blackhawk, Granada Hills 
CA91344. Tel, (818)891-2231. 

INVITATION-ln Atlanta, Ga., join Faithful Servant Churc 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.iT 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail and « 
85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact John and DebW 
Hammer, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. Tel. (■ 



)asuies Foi The Road 

990 NYC theme with 3,000+ backup singers 

Lines Foi The Biethien 

the miciophones in heaven) 

iedicated to everyone who has waited to speak 
Annual Conference 

u Let Me See The Music 

I love song lor those who give us the beauty 

lot We Ccdl Love 

984 SAC theme at Manchester College 

Order from: 














"Just As I Am" 

Jxist As I Am 

about abuse and survival 

Hi. Little ButteillT 

simple flight of fancy 


Tony And I 

T.V. violence and you and me 

, Happy To Be Your Man 

written by a guitar player with a broken finger 

Preacher Sarah 

a history lesson about the first women preacher in 
the Church of the Brethren 

5 in Cassette or CD 

Andy & Teiiy Munoy 

R.D, 4, Box 3 
Huntingdon, PA 16652 

pif Please send me cassettes at $9.95 each 

PlfifTSft sftnri mft CD's rrt ?; 1 4 O.S errrh 

J. Shipping and Handling 

■ Pennsvlvania residents Dlease add 6% Sales Tax 






II you would like to have a signed albuin lor a gilt, please 
enclose the name ol the person lor whom it is intended 


O To Christian Ministry 

O To Congregational Leadership 

O To Peacemaking & Service 

O To Provide Financial Support 

O To Study Scripture 

O To Encourage Others 

O To Upbuild the Church of the Brethren 

Dear Friends, 

You can bury it as deep as a bone, but 
the thing you want more than anj^thing 
is not to speak about the Word, but to 
receive it. Not to say the word of grace, 
but to hear God call your name. Young or 
old. East or West, North or South, rich or 
poor, that is the hunger of people at 
Bethany. Not so much to know, as to be 
known; not so much to find as to be 
found. Won't you join us in our life of 
obedience to God's call? 

Fumitaka Matsuoka 

Academic Dean 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

In God*s Love, 

Bethany Theological Seminary 




nn Arbor Mennonite-Brelhren, 

Mich.: Joe Harvey 

rcadia, S/C Ind.: Mildred 

ethany. Mid-Atl.: Garey Morris, 
Denise Morris. Linda Tribbilt. 
Chnstine Basnight, June 
Hasseti, Bonnie Brown, Karen 
Finney, David Moore 

elhel-Neb.. W. Plains: Steve and 
Penny Dombierer, Emily Jo 
Gunn. Jordan Dowdy, Joshua 
Wieldel, John and Karen 

ethlehem, Virlina: James Cor- 
nog. Martha Comog 

enter, N. Ohio: Phyllis Butt. 
Lisa Dawson 

hiques, Atl. N.E.: Jay. Susan, 
and Heather Eberly. Kenneth 
and Nedra Shuman 

loverdale, Virlina: Blanche 
Dooley. Donna Mooney. John 
Mooney, Linda Naff 

ommunity, Atl. S.E.: Pat and 
Arlene Burnett. Wyota Fleet- 
wood. Josephine Frankham. 
Doris Gorman. William and 
Deanna Holland, Robert Ne- 
ville. Earl and Anne Peterson, 
Michael Pridemore. Wade and 
Sharon Sansing, James Shoe- 
maker. Beverly Sielski 

ounty Line, W. Pa.: Danielle 
Hammel, David Hammel, 
Debra White 

rexel Hill, Atl. N.E.: Billie 
Bums. Michael Bums, Carol 
Carolan. John Carolan. Dawn 
Descamps. Sharon Gerry. 
Nancy ShuU. Paty Sihler, Ruth 

llisford/Whitestone, Ore.AVash.: 
Tim Sibley. Jennie Weddle. 
Teresa Oh Happy, Corey 

phrata, Atl. N.E.: Anne 
Burridge. Steven Burridge, 
Shawn Felix. Bonnie Keller, 
Laura Keller. Mildred 
Clifford. Walter Horst, Ethel 
Horst. Dennis. Nancy. Caralyn 
J., and Kathryn Schonewetter. 
Dean Sensenig 

Irst-Harrisburg, Atl. N.E.: 
Bruce Dawson. Becky Eberly. 
Hazel Ebersole. Dallas Mayor 

irst-Phoenix, Pac. S.W.: Robert. 
Evelyn, and Scott Peck. 
Murray and Ruth Williamson, 
Tim and Dawn Snell 

lorin, Atl. N.E.: Larry and 

Norma Baum. Nevin and Beth 
Wagner. Suie Cinder. Linda 
Baum. Andy Graham. Tim 
Kay, Michael Kline. Michelle 
Kline. Matt Krouse. Bob 

lower Hill, Mid-Atl.: Kevin 
Brumbaugh. Natalie Brum- 
baugh. Bill Ziegler. Linda 
Ziegler. Chris Ryan. Edwina 
Ryan. Jeff Coe, Lora Coe. 
Troy Atkinson. Marie Atkin- 
son. Alan Sine, Wanda Sine 

ood Shepherd, Virlina: 
Cornelia. Gabriella, Jan. and 
Natasha Flora. Lynn Oliver. 
David Doughty. Bethley 
Dowdy. Sarah Hagedom 

ostetler, W. Pa.: Jennifer Miller, 

Barbara Kerschensteiner, 
Howard and Martha Gragg. 
John and LuAnn Jackson 

Lilitz. Atl. N.E.: Elizabeth 
Weidman, Nancy Wenger 

Lone Star, W. Plams: Clint and Jo 
Leon. Shirley Brandes 

Maple Grove. N. Ind.: Michael 
Barkey. Michael Cardosa. 
Todd Lehman. Judy Lehman. 
Joan, Sandy. Randy, and 
Terry Sizemore, Lawrence 
Watkins. Ruth Watkins 

Maple Spring. W. Marva: Orville 
Kight, Shirley Kight. Teresa 
Peterson. Ruth Peterson. 
James Layman. Emily Lewis 

Marilla, Mich.: Sam Beckelic 

McPherson, W. Plains: Bret Bow- 
man. Sandra Lolling. Steve 
Mason. Barbara Wagoner. 
Doug and Karen Burkholder. 
Rick and Gayle Doll, Glen 
and Kerri Snell, Doug and 
Tandy Wine 

Meadow Branch, Mid-Atl.: Tracy 
May, Heather Watson, David 
Watson, Shawn Stewart. Kim- 
berly Click Stewart, Richard 

Middle Creek, Atl. N.E.: Naomi 
King. Loren Hosier. Jessica 
Brubaker, Kirby Garman, 
Melanie Martin. David 

Midland, Mid-Atl.: Beverly 

Butterfield. Benjamin Cooke. 
Betty Coffman, Curtis 

Mount Vernon, Shen.: Elwood 
Arehart. Fred Hollen 

New Enterprise, M. Pa.: Jolene. 
Nancy, and Raymond 
Albright. Christopher Baker. 
Eric Corle. Jeanne Defibaugh, 
Richard Defibaugh, Erin 
Drenning, Corey Imes. Jami 
Reighard, Tony Shope, Bran- 
don. Julie, and Kristie Snider, 
Linda Weitzel. Terry Weitzel. 
Greg Wood, Andrew Van 

New Paris, N. Ind.: Vernon Jr. 
and Karen Hartley. Waller and 
Edith Homes, Mervin. Judy, 
Mary and Junior Miller 

Painesville, N. Ohio: Alexis 
Olson. Jason Ashton. Robert 
Knepp. Alissa Ward. Holly 
Ray. Amanda Horton 

Peoria, Ul.AVis.: Barbara Stan. 
Steven Gilbert 

Pilsburg, S. Ohio: Nadine 
Zimmer. John K. Strawser 

Pleasant Hill, S.E.: Leslie Shaver 

Red Hill. Viriina: Neal Arthur, 
Daniel Arthur. Brenda 
Hawkins, Brenda Gregory, 
Sue Van Name. Bill Van 
Name. Billy Van Name. Ron 
Byrd, Jennifer Byrd. Jessica 
Muncy. Kathy Cochenour. 
Darrel Altic. Meg Weeks, 
Michelle Altic, Danny Craft, 
Rose Blankenship, Lewis 
Blankenship, Justin Boyd 

Ridge, S. Pa.: Donald Halter. 
Isabelle Halter, Sharon 
Thomas, Jenny Holtry, Keith 
Kunkleman. George Finken- 
binder, Dorothy Finkenbin- 
der. Victoria Burger 

Root River, N. Plains: Benjamin 
Broadwater, Shaun Rindels 

Springfield, Ore./Wash.: Debbie 
Roberts. Steve Kinzie 

Summerdean, ViHina: Carlton 
and Lisa Radcliff. Kevin 
Shearer. Mtuie Schroeder. . 
Teresa Delano 

Tucson, Pac. S.W.: Jessica Dice. 
Misty Row. Rudy Miller. 
Patricia Judd, Geary Judd. 
Bertha Holcomb 

University Park, Mid-Atl: 

Kimberly McDowell. Hooker 

Wawaka, N. Ind.: Gene Clemens. 
Rachel Custer, Kathryn Frick. 
Mike Jones. Doug Lengel. 
Wylene Lengel. John McGill. 
Dean Norris, Bemie Norris. 
Troy Stewart 

Welty, Mid-Atl.: Paulette Pickett, 
Jason Pickett 

Winter Park, Atl. S.E.: Sheila 
Baker. Steven Bollinger, 
Jennifer Burke. Rebecca 
Cooke. Richard Cooke, Stacy 
Hoover. Danny McGlothlin. 
Joe McGlothlin, Amy Mon- 
roe, Kathleen Smith. Helen 
Spence. Carol Yeazell 

Woodbridge, Mid-Atl.: Sarah 
Bowman, Sharon Hewitt, 
Gregory Hewitt, Lisa Dex- 
heimer, Darlene Graham, 
Barbara Atwine, Mary Sager. 
Andy Bridenbaugh. Kim 
Bridenbaugh. Anne Owens, 
Amanda Ayers. Eric Garber, 
Jason Garber, Peggy Ward. 
Teresa Franklin. Eden Till, 
Kelly Saylor. Bruce Brown, 
Pal Mederois, Tom Owens, 
Sara Gangawere 

Woodbury, M. Pa.: Kenny and 
Sue Ott 

Yellow Creek, N. Ind.: Mike Van- 
derveer, Pat Vanderveer. 
Jenny Purdue. Ryan Barthol- 
omew. Melissa Debroka 


Albright, Kim Yaussy. from sem- 
inary to Huntington. S/C Ind. 

Baker, George and Sandra, from 
secular to Beachdale. W. Pa. 

BenhofT, Steven, from secular to 
Trotwood. S. Ohio 

Carter, Karen, from secular to 
Monte Vista. Virlina 

Deardorff, Tim, from secular to 
Mexico. S/C Ind. 

Herbert, Frank W.. from Venice 
Fellowship. Atl. S.E.. to 
Johnson City/Kingsport. S.E. 

Hyre, Greg, from secular to 
Eaton, S. Ohio 

KaufTman, Herman, from Paines- 
ville, N. Ohio, to Everett, M. Pa. 

Lowe, John Jr., from Elkhart Val- 
ley. N. Ind., to Prince of 
Peace. N. Ind. 

McPherson, Steven, from Painter 
Creek, S. Ohio, to Nampa. 

Miller, R. Eugene, from Rockhill, 
Mid. Pa., to Longmeadow, 

Myers, Craig A., from seminary to 
Blue River, N. Ind. 

Planck. Roy. from secular to 
Eaton, S. Ohio 

Ramsey. Randolph, from Hollins 
Road. Virlina. to St. Peters- 

burg First, Atl. S.E. 

Wheeland, Frank, from secular to 
Black Valley, Fed.. M. Pa. 

Yoder, Gary, from Fairview, N. 
Plains, to Pamter Creek. S. 

Younkins. Gale, from Longmead- 
ow, Mid-Atl., to Walnut 
Grove. W. Pa. 


Bolhnger, Dale. licensed Jul. 24, 

1990. Cocalico. Atl. N.E. 
Burke. David H.. licensed Sep. 8. 

1990, Bush Creek, Mid-Atl. 
Cepero, Juan O., ordination 

received Jul. 21, 1990. Vega 

Baja. Atl. S.E. 
Chandler, Michael D., ordained 

Sep. 29, 1990, First. ViHina 
Durr, Marilyn J., ordained Sep. 

29. 1990. Cherry Grove. W. 

FIgueroa, Juan A., ordination 

received Jul. 21. 1990. 

Segunda Iglesia Crislo 

Misionera, Atl. S.E. 
Figueroa, Isabel, ordination 

received Jul. 21, 1990, 

Segunda Iglesia Cristo 

Misionera. Atl. S.E. 
Hollenberg, Keith Earl, ordained 

Oct. 6, 1990. Lost Creek/Free 

Spring, S. Pa. 
Ilyes, Charles L., licensed Jun. 28, 

1990. New Fairview. S. Pa. 
Kunselman. Dorothy, licensed 

Oct. 6. 1990. Oakdale. W. Pa. 
Leatherman, Roger D., ordained 

Sep. 29. 1990, Romney, W. 

Markey, Dale E.. licensed Jun. 28, 

1990, New Fairview, S. Pa. 
Matteson, Russell L., licensed 

Apr. 21. 1990, Christ Church, 

Carol Stream. lU./Wis. 
Matteson. Erin A., licensed Jun. 

16, 1990, Christ Church, 

Carol Stream. Ill./Wis. 
Messier, John H., licensed Sep. 8, 

1990, Fnendship. Mid-Atl. 
Yenser, Herald E., ordained Jun. 

9, 1990, Defiance, N. Ohio 


Baldwin, Charles and Naomi, 
Syracuse, Ind., 50 

Billings, Leo and Mary Mae, 
Ottumwa, Iowa. 70 

Black. Leroy and Vemeda, Clays- 
burg. Pa.. 50 

Darcy. Fred and Frances. Sparta, 

Dunbar, Jack and Eileen, Sun 
City. Ariz.. 55 

Ford. James and Margaret, 
McPherson. Kan., 50 

Hubbard, Clarence and Juanita. 
Lawrence, Kan.. 50 

Loucks, William and Fanny, 
Goshen, Ind., 73 

Ott. Howard and Edna. 
Bridgewater. Va., 50 

Phibbs. Paul and Bertha. Bridge- 
water, Va.. 50 

Shiplett, Lester and Camilla, 
Greenbelt, Md., 50 

Stehman. Willis and Alta. Lake 
Odessa, Mich.. 50 

Worthen. George and Agnes, 

Rockford. 111.. 60 


Achey, Mae, 89, Richland. Pa.. 

Sep. 26. 1990 
Agee, Doris, 68. Roanoke. Va.. 

Nov. 16. 1990 
Baugher, Christopher, 8, Gettys- 
burg, Pa., Sep. 15. 1990 
Beadle, Thomas. 60. Ottumwa, 

Iowa. Oct. 15, 1990 
Bean, Amanda, 84. Elgin, III.. Oct. 

26, 1990 
Bowman. Berkley, 92. Bridge- 
water. Va..Nov. 8. 1990 
Buhrman, Edna. 67, Rougerville. 

Pa.. Sep. 2. 1990 
Clark, Margaret L.. 83, Easton. 

Md., Oct. 28, 1990 
Craun, Dee H.. 87. Bridgewater, 

Va.. Oct. 23, 1990 
Deardorff, Noble E.. 88. Wenat- 

chee. Nov. II. 1990 
Denzer, Millie. 99. Minnesota 

City. Minn.. Sep. 23, 1990 
Diehl, Irvin, 67. Weigelstown. Pa., 

Sep. 14. 1990 
Evans, Mary £.. 68. Altoona, Pa.. 

Nov. 14. 1990 
Fasick, Carris. 85. West Milton. 

Ohio. Oct. 15. 1990 
Fuhrman, Dorothy. 81. Hanover, 

Pa.. Nov. 3, 1990 
Griffith, Aldean M.. 77, Wool- 
wine. Va.. Nov. 20, 1990 
Hainsey, Melvin. 76. Claysburg, 

Pa.. Aug. 2, 1990 
Heckman, Lanah K.. 89, Mercers- 
burg. Pa.. Nov. 4. 1990 
Henderson, Maude, 76, West 

Milton. Ohio. Mar. 27, 1990 
Houck, Bums, 74. Westminster. 

Md.. May 17. 1990 
Jacobs, Virginia. 84. York New 

Salem, Pa., Nov. 14, 1990 
James, Lasee. 8 1 , Syracuse. Ind., 

Oct. 30, 1990 
Kleist, Evelyn G., 82, St. Charles, 

Minn.. Oct. 3, 1990 
Lawyer, Ferres, 62. Hanover, Pa., 

Oct. 31. 1990 
Lewber. Maudie. 80. West Milton. 

Ohio, Apr. 24, 1990 
Marchand, Dorothy, 81. McPher- 
son. Kan.. Oct. 28, 1990 
Maystorovich. Gertrude, 60. 

"Windber, Pa.. Sep. 10, 1990 
Mellinger, Shelden, 78. Carlisle, 

Pa.. Sep. 30, 1990 
Rarish, Earl. 65. Royersford, Pa., 

Sep. 18. 1990 
Schrock, Bessie. 92, Elkhart. Ind.. 

Nov. 19. 1990 
Sell. Joseph W.. 89, Modesto, 

Calif.. Nov. 26, 1990 
Sharpleff, Hulda. 65. Union 

Bridge, Md., Oct. 4, 1990 
Spitler, Charles. 83. West Milton. 

Ohio. Aug. 30, 1990 
Stump, Guy K., 88. Waynesboro, 

Va., Nov. 19, 1990 
Weaver. Tracy. 83. Hummel- 

stown. Pa..Ocl. 2, 1990 
Webber, Ralph. 85. Modesto, 

Calif., Nov. 17. 1990 
Wheeler. Martha. 63, Flora, Ind.. 

Nov. 15, 1990 
Williams, Herbert. 61, Austin- 
burg, Ohio. Oct. 25. 1990 
Wine, Effie, 102, Mount Sidney, 

Va., Sep. 20, 1990 

February 1991 Messenger 39 

Labor that's not in vain 

Ten years ago— Sunday, February 1, 1981—1 
attended Christian worship under a tamarind tree 
in Mayom, Sudan. At that time Roger and 
Carolyn Schrock were helping the Sudan Council 
of Churches establish a primary health care 
program in this remote area of Africa's largest 
country. It was the Schrocks' third Sunday in 

1 wrote about my experience in an editorial 
titled "Thoughts Under the Tamarind Tree" 
(April 1981). One of my thoughts was "of 
another Brethren venture begun under a tamarind 
tree-at Garkida in Nigeria, March 17, 1923." Of 
the Nigeria venture 1 wrote, "The seeds of hope 
and faith planted there have yielded a bountiful 
harvest of thousands of committed Christians." 
Of the Sudan venture I asked, "What would 
come of our work in Sudan, begun so modestly at 
Mayom? Who knows?" 

Who knew, indeed! 

War between northern Sudan and southern 
Sudan forced the Schrocks to leave Mayom in 
1983. Fighting in the Mayom area ravaged the 
little village. Today many of those who survived 
the fighting live in shanty towns and camps on 
the outskirts of Khartoum— 600 miles away, a 
point they reached on foot. At Mayom only one 
building is still standing, Roger Schrock learned 
on a recent trip to Sudan (see page 19). 

In Khartoum's camp Souk el Markazi, Roger 
found his former Mayom neighbors living on the 
brink of starvation, in direst want of the basics of 
life. Their cattle-herding way of life is "on 
hold," and their very culture is in danger of being 
destroyed by the displacement and chaos. 

Considering the depths to which the fortunes 
of the Nuer folk of Mayom have sunk, one is 
reminded of the advice Job's wife gave him as he 
sat among the ashes: "Do you still persist in your 
integrity? Curse God, and die." 

But wait! Roger says, after visiting the 
Christians in Souk el Markazi, "The amazing, 
lasting impression I have is that they have an 
undying faith and hope that God will find a way 
to bring peace to their land and they can return to 
their own homes." 

Apparently the years of war waged by the 
Muslims of Sudan's North have served to temper, 

40 Messenger February 1 99 1 

rather than destroy, the faith of the Christians of 
the South. In February 1981, there was a mere 
handful of Christians under the tamarind tree in 
Mayom. In 1983, when the Schrocks left, there 
were seven churches in the area. Now, Roger has 
learned, there are over 200 churches. 

It is back into war-torn southern Sudan, still 
heavily bombarded by the army from the north— 
and suffering as well from the counter action of 
the rebel army— that Roger and Carolyn are 
committed to return this coming fall. Roger will 
serve as acting executive secretary of the New 
Sudan Council of Churches (see news story, 
page 8). 


n my aforementioned editorial I stated, "You 
can be sure than anyone in Sudan today who is a 
Christian isn't into it for fun or fringe benefits." 
That was in 1981. What more of 1991? 

I find myself inspired, not only by the 
courage and faith of the Christians of Sudan, but 
by the willingness of the Schrocks to return to 
work there, knowing that they will be under fire, 

It makes me sad to remember that 1981 
Sunday church service under the tamarind tree, 
knowing how the years that followed have 
brought so much misery to the people I met and 
admired. But now I have a better understanding 
of God's guidance of human affairs. 

We do well not to count too much on things 
turning out the way we plan them, when we 
involve ourselves in mission. "The best laid 
schemes . . . gang aft a-gley," even for the most 
earnest Christian worker. The important thing is 
not the fulfillment of our "best laid schemes," 
the playing out of our rosy scenarios of what 
should come to pass. The important thing is to be 
faithful, to be undaunted by setbacks and adver- 
sity, to "keep on keeping on." 

It is appropriate that I end this 1991 editorial 
the way I ended the 1981 editorial, with the 
words of Paul in 1 Corinthians 15:58. "There- 
fore, my beloved, be steadfast, immovable, 
always excelling in the work of the Lord, because 
you know that in the Lord your labor is not in 
vain.— K.T. 

Have you noticed? MESSENGER has gotten closer 
to home. 

We've expanded our local news into two sec- 
tions-In Touch and Close to Home. In Touch 
profiles people we'd like you to meet. Close to 
Home highlights news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, and other local and regional life. 

But that's not all. Mixed Reviews offers you a 
Brethren critique of various media. Turning 
Points lists new members of the church. And, be- 
ginning this month, the informal Stepping Stones 
column promises to help you through life's ups 
and downs. 

Take a closer look. We're closer to you. 

Messenger. We're bringing you home. 


July 2-7, 1991 
Portland, Oregon 

Portland is a very 

appealing location 

for our Annual 

Conference — 

located on the 

banks of the ,^,^^^ 

Willamette J^^^i*^'^^^L '^^i6i^S>^\^ 

River, its " -^-^^^^^j''^ ^^ 

skyline backed 

by towering evergreens; and Mount Hood, the State's highest mountain at 11,325 feet, provides a 

backdrop for one of the nation's most attractive cities. Portland is knov\/n as the "City of Roses." 

1991 Conference theme design 

Conference will be located in the beautiful 
new Oregon Convention Center. 

There will be a heavy schedule of business 
and a great variety of music and worship 
styles in evidence of the richness of worship 
throughout the world, 

One special program of note — Ken 
Medema will present a concert following the 
Saturday night worship service. 


The Conference will begin with the Tuesday evening worship service and conclude with the Sunday 
morning worship and consecration service, information about pre-conference meetings and other 
programs is provided in this issue of MESSENGER. 

What an opportunity to experience the Great Northwest with Its majestic mountains and Pacific 
Coast! Watch for the 1991 INFORMATION PACKET with tour options prior to or following the 


I am volunteering my help with conference tasks I have marked 
beiovi/. I have numbered them in order of preference. I plan to arrive 
at Conference on July 

Brethren Press Book Exhibit 

Registration (t>'pe badges, collect fees, sort cards) 

Usher (business and general sessions) 

Child care services 

Children's activities (age 6-11) 

Youth activities 

Messengers (Conference business sessions) 

Tellers (Conference business sessions) 

Information/mail desk 

Ticket sales 

SERRV Exhibit 

Annual Conference office 

Please circle 
approximate age; 




60 + 


. State . 


Telephone No. 

Additional volunteers may indicate on a separate sheet their 
interest in serving. 


(Available in May) 

Please send the follovi/ing: 

copies at S7.00 each of the 1991 Annual Conference 

Booklet (regular binding) 

copies at $10.50 each of the 1991 Annual Conference 

Booklet (spiral binding) 

1991 Annual Conference Information packet. 

(Add $1.00 for postage and handling) 


St/RFD . 


. State . 


Amount remitted $ 

(Delegates sending the delegate authorization form and registra- 
tion fee will automatically receive one program booklet viflthout 
further cost) 

Ttiere will be no pre-conference registration for non-delegates 
this year. 

Information about Conference programs and reservation forms 
may be obtained by contacting your pastor or write: 

Annual Conference Manager 

1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, Illinois 60120 

1^^ tl 

I the unshakable faith 

that ChristUke, sacrificial i 

love can overcome all evil, 

we reaffirm our conviction 

that all war is sinful, and 

that all attempts to promote 

and prepare for war are 

inimical to peace and 

antagonistic to Christ's way. 

1948 Annual Conference Resolution on Peace 

i.i|'7b^.9VI IC«(2V 


Down luiiiic in \'iiiiinia 

As followers of this column have noticed, it has carried the 
name of managing editor Wendy McFadden for the past four 
issues while the editor was on a sabbatical (a fringe benny 
received by members of the General Board's staff). Most 
colleagues, upon first seeing the editor around the offices again, 
commented, "1 forget what it was you were 
doing while you were gone."" Others, including 
the magazine's readers, never knew. Some 
accountability seems in order. 

The editor spent the fall months roving about 
the denomination, getting closer in touch with 
Messenger's constituency, the better to fine-tune 
the magazine to meet its needs. The itinerary 
touched 12 states and included visits to three 
district meetings, several congregations, some 
Brethren-related agencies, a few individuals, and 
a delightful weekend at the 14th annual Brethren 
Disaster Relief Auction in Lebanon, Pa. The 
sabbatical, in the editor's view, was a great 
success. He has returned to his desk rejuvenated. 
His good spirits are due, in part, to the great job the maga- 
zine staff had done in his absence. No work had piled up. It was 
just a matter of jumping back in. 

The editor's friends and family know he sees himself as a 
Virginian-in-exile and so were not surprised that he made his 
headquarters for much of his sabbatical down home in the Blue 
Ridge mountains. That "down-home"" orientation may explain 
why the editor enjoys putting together the "In Touch" and 
"Close to Home" pages, which are calculated to make MESSEN- 
GER kinder and gentler, warmer and fuzzier for its readers. 
Going through congregational and district newsletters, college 
news releases, and newspaper clippings in preparing those pages 
is a delightful way for the editor to continue, in a desk-bound 
way, the roving he did on sabbatical. It's interesting to learn 
what individuals and congregations find to do in witnessing to 
their faith. 

We hope that the aforementioned features and the entire 
magazine, in its new format, are getting closer to home. Let us 
hear from you . . . with constructive criticism, newspaper 
clippings, and tips for items to pick up on. 


March 1991 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Karla Boyers 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radclitf 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Noilheast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer: lllinois/Wisconsii 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Leona 
Holderread: South/Central Indiana, Lois Eii 
Michigan, Maine Willoughby; Mid-Atlantio 
Ann Fouts; Missouri, Mary Greim; Mis- 
souri/Southern Arkansas, Mary McGowan;i 
Northern Plains. Pauline Flory; Northern 
Ohio, Sherry Sampson; OregonAVashingto) 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwes^ 
Randy Miller: Middle Pennsylvania, Pegg; 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q, 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christne! 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer: 
West Marva. Winoma Spurgeon. 



Messenger is the official publication of the 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as second- , 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of J 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date. No' 
1. 1984. Messenger is a r 



COMING NEXT MONTH: A cluster of articles on '^Brethren 
and their faith," plus two features on mission in the Dominican 

member of the Associated 
Church Press and a subscriber 
to Religious News Service ant 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12.50 individual 
rate. $10.50 church group plan. $10.50 gifi 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. If 
you move, clip address label and send with 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. Allo\ 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Com 
mission. Church of the Brethren General \ 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgin 
111., and at additional mailing office. Marc 
1 99 i . Copyright 1 99 1 . Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-0355 
POSTMASTER: Send address changes 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 



Touch 2 

ose to Home 


;ws 6 

orldwide 9 

le Church Alive 27 

epping Stones 


ixed Reviews 


'tiers 32 

tntius' Puddle 


irning Points 


litorial 36 


ver: Photo by Religious News 


iide front cover; Ruth Thomason 

Don Petersen 

Phil Grout 

8, 19, 20: Kermon Thomasson 

Jim Solheim 

US Senate 

: Mennonite Reporter photos by Ron 


, 18: Francine Buono Moody 

: art by Paul Grout 

: Three Lions 

Promoting peace in Baghdad IQ 

Julie Garber describes a visit to Baghdad from which she 
returned sure that war with Iraq could be avoided. 

Projecting the war's aftermath 1 1 

Bill Keim analyzes the background of the Middle East crisis 
and projects the likely consequences of the US action. 

Seed sowers of the truckstops 16 

Highway chaplains "share the load" with truck drivers on 
the Pennsylvania highways. Story by Jackie Rollfinke. 

Nigeria's Rural Health Program comes of age 19 

For 1 8 years a unique health-care program has been growing 
in Nigeria. Carol and Ralph Mason chronicle that growth and 
RHP's coming of age. 

Beyond the grieving 22 

When our weeping's over, there is a gift waiting for us to 
receive. Easter meditation by Kenneth L. Gibble. 

Chasing after sinners 25 

James Benedict wonders, if God is so interested in people we 
might call "sinners," shouldn't we be also? 

Omegatrends 29 

Terry Hatfield looks to the future and projects some happen- 
ings that Brethren should be preparing to deal with. 

War in the Middle East gets major attention 
this month, with news coverage on page 7, 
articles starting on pages 10 and 11, and an 
editorial on page 36. 

March 1991 Messenger 1 

Any objections? 

When Plowshare Peace 
Center, in Roanoke, Va., 
scheduled an information 
session for January 15— Iraq's 
Kuwait pullout deadline— it 
was natural to turn to Clyde 

Plowshare was putting 
together a panel of people 
trained to counsel young men 

while fulfilling a promise to 
his dad to spend at least a 
semester at Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary, he made a 
switch: He discovered that he 
and pastoral ministry had the 
right chemistry. 

Clyde pastored the Mid- 
land Church of the Brethren 
in northern Virginia from 
1961 to 1972, where he 
counseled scores of young 

' In Touch' ' profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and while, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

considering taking a "consci- 
entious objector" (CO) 
position if the military draft 
resumes. Clyde is Plow- 
share's "dean" of CO 
counselors. He is the one to 
whom it refers the questions 
that come into its office. 

Clyde, who is pastor of 
Mount Bethel Church of the 
Brethren, in rural Eagle 
Rock, Va., has been doing 
CO counseling since the 
middle 1950s. He began 
when he was active in the 
Fellowship of Reconciliation 
(FOR) during his student 
days at Bridgewater College. 

After college, Clyde served 
as a CO himself, doing his 
alternative service through 
Brethren Volunteer Service, 
working with East German 
refugees in West Berlin. 

He planned a career in 
chemistry. But immediately 
following his BVS term. 

men on Selective Service 
obligations. "All the boys in 
my congregation decided not 
to go (into the armed 
forces)," he recalls, "after 
the first one was drafted." 

His CO counseling 
continued after he moved to 
Daleville— near Roanoke. 
There he lives on a secluded, 
wooded hilltop overlooking 
Tinker Creek, made famous 
by writer Annie Dillard. The 
Carter home, "Day spring," 
a model of rustic elegance, 
includes an office and 
counseling center where 
Clyde meets his counselees. 

Although Clyde is sympa- 
thetic to any sincere expres- 
sion of opposition to war, he 
has little patience for coun- 
seling those who lack a deep 
commitment to pacifism. "If 
a man is not willing to go to 
jail for what he believes," 
Clyde says, he won't counsel 

him. Conscientious objection 
"is not an escape from 
something, but a behef." 

Clyde believes his job is 
not to tell men how to avoid 
the draft, but to help them 
state their beliefs clearly and 
document them in a form 
acceptable to the draft board. 

When his counselees write 
their statement of beliefs, 
Clyde has them send it to 
Plowshare and to the peace 
group in their denomination. 
In the case of Church of the 
Brethren counselees, they 
should contact the peace 
consultant's office in Elgin, 
111. (Call 1-800-323-8039 and 
ask for David Radcliff.) 

"Some of the guys are 
scared to death of the draft 
board," says Clyde. He tells 
them they need not be. With 
the good counseling that 
Clyde provides, they will be 
able to address that board 
with courage, conviction, and 
an articulate statement of 
their pacifist beliefs. 

Don't touch that dial! 

When Kent Leininger 

graduated from DeVry 
Institute of Technology in 
1987 and began working for 
electronics giant Hitachi 
Industries as an electron 
microscope technician, he 
seemed headed for "suc- 

But the career advance- 
ment wasn't enough. "Mak- 
ing the money wasn't all it 
was cracked up to be," he 
decided. "I wanted to do 
something to help people." 

Kent entered Brethren 
Volunteer Service and now, 
with no salary, he works for 
Radio Lumiere, the voice of 

2 Messenger March 1991 

the Baptist Church in Haiti. 
The station's programing is 
done by Haitians. Kent 
provides the technical know- 

Because of Haiti's 85- 
percent illiteracy rate, radio 

broadcasts are crucial to 
communication. Radio 
Lumiere promotes the 
Christian way as a faith that 
tempers the misery of life in 
troubled Haiti. It also reports 
on political events, health 
services, and human rights 

Says Kent, "The Haitians 
have a sense of dignity and 
hope that boggles my mind." 
When people mention the 
"sacrifice" he is making, he 
replies, ''Sacrifice? I con- 
sider it a real privilege to 
serve here." 

A familiar ring 

The 1935 West Waterloo 
High School class ring was 
found in the mud beneath the 
lake in Pine Lake State Park, 
near Eldora, Iowa. But whose 
ring was it? Inside were the 
faded initials "WP." 

An effort was made to find 
the owner, using high school 
records. There were two 1935 

graduates with the right 
initials, but neither one could 
be located. After several false 
leads, the search was 
dropped. That was over two 
years ago. 

Recently, a newspaper 
reporter mentioned the matter 
to Bob Smith, director of the 
Church of the Brethren's 
Camp Pine Lake, adjacent to 
the state park. With a call to 
the Church of the Brethren 
General Offices in Elgin, III., 
Bob tracked down the elusive 
"WP"— Wayne Parris— in 
Sandy Spring, Md. 

It was, indeed, his long lost 
ring. Wayne recalls that he 
was a camper in 1939, 
playing water polo with his 
future wife, Melba, when he 
threw out his arm "and the 
ring went flying." 

The ring is now back 
home. The Parrises, who 
served as Church of the 
Brethren missionaries in 
Nigeria, 1947-1950, celebrate 
their 50th wedding anniver- 
sary June 8. 

Stiil in print 

Charles Ferry, retired since 
1982 from the Forry and 
Hacker, Inc., printing 
business, now "works for the 

Lord," as he puts it. He 
outfitted a little print shop in 
the Lititz (Pa.) Church of the 

Brethren (where he is a 
member) and does volunteer 
printing for Church of the 
Brethren projects in the area. 
His biggest project recently 
was the 14th annual Brethren 
Disaster Relief Auction last 
September (see December 
1990, page 4). Charlie 
cranked out 80,000 sale bills, 
10,000 bookmarks, 2,000 
posters, 20,000 church 
bulletin inserts, and 3,000 
quilt auction papers, in 
addition to other work. 

Names In the news 

Louise and Albert Gray, of 

the Brook Park (Ohio) 
Community Church of the 
Brethren, were volunteer 
teachers for last year's fall 
term at Rust College, an all- 
black school in Holly 
Springs, Miss. Albert taught 
economics and Louise 
supervised a tutorial lab. 

Wenatchee (Wash.) Valley 
College has honored the late 
Jay Eller with a scholarship 
in his memory. It aids 
second-year students in 
physics or engineering— Jay's 
field, in which he taught at 
WVC. He also was a Church 
of the Brethren minister for 
over 50 years. 

Ann Showalter, of Oak 
Park, 111., received the US 
Assistant Secretary of Health 
award this past December for 
"outstanding effort in the 
fight against AIDS." Ann 
works with the pastoral-care 
network for AIDS in Chicago 
and serves with the Church of 
the Brethren AIDS Ministries 
Task Group. 

Karen Graham, a member 
of the Snake Spring Valley 
Church of the Brethren, near 

Everett, Pa., was the 1990 
' 'Nurse of Hope ' ' for the 
Bedford County (Pa.) unit of 
the American Cancer Society. 
She serves at the regional 
cancer center at Altoona's 
Mercy Hospital. 

David and Sandra 
Reisinger FrankHn com- 
pleted six years of volunteer 
service in Bangladesh in 
February, serving through 
Mennonite Central Commit- 
tee. David is a member of the 
Modesto (Calif.) Church of 
the Brethren and Sandra is a 
member of the Chiques 
congregation, Manheim, Pa. 


Herman Landis, 92, died 
December 13, 1990, in La 
Verne, Calif. Last month's 

Messenger (page 5) 
mentioned the University of 
La Verne honoring Herman 
with a distinguished service 
medal. Herman, a member of 
the La Verne Church of the 
Brethren,was a missionary in 
Nigeria, 1938-1952. 

Missionary centenarian 

Mary Schaeffer, of Brethren 
Village, Neffsville, Pa., 
celebrated her 1 (X)th birthday 
this past December 16. She 
served as a Church of the 
Brethren missionary in 
China, 1917-1950. Mary was 
an In Touch subject in the 
March 1983 Messenger. On 
her birthday she was looking 
forward to an early February 
visit from China's Yin Ji 
Zeng (see January 1989 cover 
story), whom she knew as a 
little boy in China. 

March 1991 Messenger 3 


' 'Close to Home' ' highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and while, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

A church for the '90s 

The La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren ended 
its centennial year with a 
vision for the years ahead. 
Centennial Sunday speaker 
Earle W. Fike Jr. exhorted the 
congregation to "adjust its 
program and open the doors 
wider' ' as it moves into the 
1990s and prepares for the 
approaching new century. 

"A wise congregation in 
the '90s will ... be a wel- 
come place for fellowship 
and community," said the 
Huntingdon, Pa., pastor. 
"Welcome singles, families, 
heads of household, the 
disenfranchised, the upperly 
mobile," he advised. 

"Find ways to function 
that allow people to partici- 
pate," he continued. "Don't 
badger them about time. 
Make it easier for harried 
adults, children, and youth to 
be involved. Provide basic 
handles on how faith works 
in everyday life. Give them 
the basis to see how Christian 
faith helps them through the 
next week." 

Singing in fine shape 

The Folklore Society of 
Greater Washington con- 
ducted a traditional shape- 
note sing last fall at the 
"Dunker Church" on the 
Antietam National Battle- 
field, near Hagerstown, Md. 
The group sang from the 
Original Sacred Harp, an 
1 844 collection of sacred 
choral music that has given 
its name to a folk tradition 
known today as "sacred harp 

This four-part, unaccompa- 
nied, community singing 

tradition is also called "fa- 
so-la" or "shape note," 
referring to the system of 
musical notation used by 

the Brethren rebuilt the 
church. It is the focal point of 
the battlefield park today. 
Each year, on the Sunday 













singing-school masters since 
the 1 790s to make easier the 
learning of tunes. 

The sing at the "Dunker 
Church" followed the 
traditional pattern, in which 
the singers or "class" sit in 
their four vocal sections in a 
hollow square facing each 
other, and different leaders 
take turns leading a tune or 
"lesson" of their choice. 

The setting of the "Dunker 
Church" was not without its 
irony. Brethren who wor- 
shiped there in Civil War 
times would have been 
scandalized by such carrying- 
on. Brethren leader Peter 
Nead, writing in 1850, called 
four-part harmony "an 
abomination to God." 

The Brethren didn't even 
publish a hymnal with music 
until 1872. But when they did 
(The Brethren's Tune and 
Hymn Book) it used the 
shape-notes and harmony 
they earlier had scorned. 
Brethren hymn books used 
shape-notes until 1925. 

The "Dunker Church" 
was known to the Brethren as 
the Mumma meetinghouse. 
Ruined in the 1862 battle of 
Antietam, it was restored and 
used until a 1921 storm 
flattened it. The remains were 
stored away until 1962, when 
the National Park Service and 

nearest the battle date- 
September 17— the Church of 
the Brethren holds a memo- 
rial service there. 

Vice versa 

The Marcos Inhauser family, 
Brazilians now living in 
Quito, Ecuador, spent two 
months last summer as 
"missionaries in reverse," 
speaking to groups, leading 
Bible studies, and introducing 
new Latin American hymns 
among eight congregations in 
the Church of the Brethren's 
Northern Indiana District. 

"Instead of sending, we 
received," said Yvonne 
Dilling, Latin America/ 
Caribbean representative on 
the General Board staff, who 
initiated the visit. It was an 
attempt to expand awareness 
of the gifts in the Latin 
America church. ^ 

Marcos Inhauser, on 
sabbatical from his work with 
the Latin American Council 
of Churches, came with his 
wife, Suely, and their three 

"Part of the mission was to 
get the family into congrega- 
tions and help members 
understand the church in 
Latin American countries," 

4 Messenger March 1991 

said district associate 
executive Ron Finney, who 
coordinated the itinerary. 

For the Inhausers, it was a 
chance to "see if missionar- 
ies who have been sent to 
their country represent the 
average church member in 
the United States." 

25th anniversary 

The Brethren Peace Fellow- 
ship of Atlantic Northeast 
District will hold a 25th 
anniversary dinner meeting 
April 11. The 6:30 p.m. 
meeting will be held at the 
Elizabethtown (Pa.) meeting- 
house. Wayne Zunkel, who 
was instrumental in begin- 
ning the fellowship, will 
speak. He is pastor of the 
Panorama City Church of the 
Brethren, Grenada Hills, 

Gifts that beget 

The third annual Heifer 
Project International (HPI) 
"Living Gift" fair, held at 
Lititz (Pa.) Church of the 

Brethren, raised more than 
$7,000 for the well-known 
Brethren spin-off that sends 
livestock to the needy around 
the world. 

This and that 

Copahee volunteers- 
Brethren Disaster Service 
workers who helped in 
cleanup and repair in Co- 
pahee, S.C, after 1989's 
Hurricane Hugo— were 
invited back this past January 
12 for a "thank-you barbe- 
cue" hosted by grateful 
recipients of the Brethren aid. 
A new house in Mount 
Pleasant, S.C, was dedicated 
in memory of Wayne 
Gingerich, a volunteer from 
the Madison Avenue Church 
of the Brethren, York, Pa., 
who died January 15, 1990, 
while working in Copahee. 

Miami (Fla.) First Church 
of the Brethren organized a 
toy fair during the 1990 
Christmas season to promote 
toys that don't encourage 

Rambo, GI Joe, and 
Teenage Mutant Ninja 
Turtles were out. Seven 
stores agreed to bring to the 
fair only "nonviolent" toys. 
The congregation assembled 
a collection of toy catalogs. 

"Parents don't know 
where to go buy these 
things," said co-pastor Sue 
Wagner Fields. "Even if 
people don't buy, this sparks 
their mind with other ideas." 

The Greencastle (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren was a 
church really on fire for a 
brief time last December 13. 
During a remodeling project 
a welder's torch set the roof 
ablaze. A section of roof was 
burnt, but the interior of the 
church was not damaged. 

Harold and Sherry Cripe, 
Dallas and Barbara Ganger, 
and Paul and Fern Crispyn, 
all from the West Goshen 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Goshen, Ind., were among the 
drivers for six truckloads of 

Christmas supplies donated to 
Galilean Home Ministries, in 
Liberty, |Cy., by churches in 
the area of Elkhart County, 
Ind. Other Brethren drivers 
were Don and Doris Walter, 
Greg Kirkdorffer, and Terry 
Flickinger, from the Union 
Center congregation, 
Nappanee, Ind. The Kentucky 
ministry cares for 75 children 
either disabled or abused and 
no longer wanted by their 
parents. The trucks carried 
frozen meat, canned food, 
fresh fruit, school supplies, 
toys, and other items. 

The youth of the Mount 
Vernon Church of the 
Brethren, Waynesboro, Va., 
are proving themselves 
stewards of creation by 
"adopting" a two-mile 
stretch of highway near the 
church. They pick up 
roadside litter four times a 
year. Before each cleanup the 
youth meet to discuss safety 
procedures and stewardship 

Campus comments 

Bridgewater College will 
host the Southeastern 
Regional Youth Roundtable 
April 20-21 for Church of the 
Brethren youth from Pennsyl- 
vania to Florida. Resource 
leader for the event is David 
Radcliff, peace consultant on 
the General Board staff. The 
roundtable theme is "Com- 
mitted for Life . . . Ready to 

McPherson College has 
been adopted by Leticia 
Martinez, a second-grade 
pupil in San Jose, Calif. 
McPherson participates in a 
program initiated by San 
Jose's Eden vale Elementary 
School, which has its pupils 

"adopt" a college in a 
program calculated to steer 
more of its minority children 
toward a college career. Jack 

. .-US' 

.. jT^ 





Patino, a 1989 McPherson 
graduate (shown in photo 
with Leticia), serves as 
Edenvale's representative 
from the college. 

Bridgewater College will 
host a special conference 
October 4-5, on the topic of 
"Brethren in Transition: 
Trends and Implications." 
Several Brethren scholars 
will speak, and perspectives 
will be offered from the 
Brethren Church and Men- 
nonites, as well. 

One of the event's planners 
states, "The conference is 
being organized on the 
assumption that the Church 
of the Brethren has not 
systematically looked at the 
causes of its decline in 
membership. Or, it's easier to 
fix (something) if you know 
what's broke." 

The University of Kansas, 
in Lawrence, is looking for a 
full-time campus minister, 
preferably someone from the 
Church of the Brethren, 
Presbyterian Church USA, or 
United Church of Christ. 
Contact: United Ministries in 
Education, Office of Person- 
nel Information, 1 1780 
Borman Dr., Suite 1-C, St. 
Louis, MO 63141. 

March 1991 Messenger 5 

us government concedes 
to sanctuary movement 

Settling a five-year-old lawsuit, the US 
government has agreed to stop deporting 
undocumented Salvadorans and Guate- 
malans, halt reprisals against sanctuary 
churches, and adopt new procedures for 
political asylum. The agreement ends a 
decade of action against the refugees and 
the sanctuaries that sheltered them. 

The "American Baptist Churches 
case" was brought by 80 religious and 
refugee groups and charged the govern- 
ment with violating the Refugee Act of 
1980, barring ideological considerations 
in granting political asylum. 

"According to the suit, the refugees 
had a 'well-founded fear of persecution' 
in their countries, but the federal govern- 
ment was unwilling to admit this was the 
case because such an admission would 
suggest that the US was aiding govern- 
ments that violate human rights,"" 
Religious News Service reported. 

About 1 50,000 asylum requests that 
have been denied or are pending will get 
new hearings, and another 350,000 
refugees will be encouraged to apply, 
according to attorneys for the 80 groups. 
The government also agreed to provide 
$200,000 to work with religious and 
refugee groups to locate refugees who 
may be eligible for asylum. 

Lucas Guttentag, a lawyer for the 
American Baptist Churches, is "cau- 
tiously optimistic that the new asylum 
procedure . . . will be a fair one."" 

Another lawsuit ended in December 
when a federal judge ruled government 
agencies do not have "unfettered discre- 
tion"" to infiltrate religious gatherings as 
part of criminal investigations. Judge 
Roger D. Strand said investigators could 
infiltrate churches without warrants in 
certain circumstances, however, such as 
being invited by church members to par- 
ticipate in criminal activities. 

The 1986 lawsuit by four Arizona 
churches and their parent denomina- 
tions—the Presbyterian Church (USA) 
and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in 
America-charged that Immigration and 
Naturalization Service agents, who were 
part of an undercover operation to gather 

6 Messenger March 1991 

Scenes such as the one above, in which refugees from Guatemala appear masked 
before a 1985 press conference to protect themselves from being identified, may be a 
thing of the past since the settlement of the American Baptists' sanctuary case. 

information about the sanctuary move- 
ment, created a "chilling effect" on the 
free exercise of religion when they made 
secret tape recordings at services. 

Evidence was presented during the 
trial that the ministry of the congrega- 
tions was directly impaired when the 
surveillance became known. Two of the 
churches eventually closed because of a 
drop in attendance caused by distrust and 
fear, according to the churches" lawyer. 

The Church of the Brethren signed as 
a "friend of the court"" in a 1987 appeal 
to a previous ruling on the case. The pas- 
tor of one of the churches— John Fife, of 
the Southside Presbyterian Church in 
Tucson, Ariz.— spoke at the Messenger 
dinner at Annual Conference in Phoenix 
in 1985. 

As of May 1987, 12 Brethren congre- 
gations had declared themselves sanctu- 
aries and 9 others were involved in some 
way. Conference endorsed sanctuary for 
Latin American and Haitian refugees in 
1983, saying it "is an appropriate 
Christian response." 

Emergency Disaster Fund 
helps Sudanese go home 

A grant of $12,000 has been given from 
the Emergency Disaster Fund to cover 
costs of returning 2,500 western Nuer 
people to their homes in southern Sudan. 

This is a test to see if the "war-torn 
region's infrastructure can handle it," 

said Roger Schrock, World Ministries 
executive. Over 100,000 of the 1.5 
million displaced people in and around 
the capital, Khartoum, are from the Nue 
homeland, 600 miles southwest. Schrocl 
and his family worked on a health care 
program there during the early 1980s. 

Much of the Khartoum area has "seer 
only a 20-percent harvest this year" 
because of drought, and according to 
some experts five million people are in 
danger of starvation, Schrock said. 
Despite the civil war in the South, the 
Nuer Christians feel they have a better 
chance of survival away from the 
government-controlled North, where the 
legal system of Islam makes them 
"second-class citizens," Schrock said. 

It is hoped the Nuer will become self- 
sufficient. "We've been in conversatior 
with other churches in the US to possibr 
help us move others, if all proves 
satisfactory," said Schrock. 


Newsline, a new telephone news 
service from the Church of the 
Brethren, features the latest 
Brethren responses to the war and 
other Brethren news. A Maryland 
number-(301) 635-8738-plays a 
three-minute recorded message 
available 24 hours a day. A new 
message will be available each 
Thursday morning. 

rethren join other Christians 
I responding to the war 

Surely God mourns over the loss of 
iman life and the seeming eagerness 
ith which our nation has entered the 
ar," general secretary Donald Miller 
rote in a pastoral letter mailed to each 
(ngregation January 18. 
"Over the years the Church of the 
rethren has borne witness to our 
inviction that there is always a nonvio- 
nt means for resolving conflicts. Now, 
war has broken out, let us witness 
;ain to our conviction that war is not 
e answer to this or any international 
spute," Miller said. 

hurch leaders express concern 

iller was among 25 US church leaders 
ho agreed on a common response to 
e war, including prayer for a speedy 
id to the conflict, a call for an immedi- 
2 cease-fire, and concern for all at risk. 
The Church of the Brethren has 
ovided information on conscientious 
)jection to the group, which represents 
majority of the 30-plus denominations 
the National Council of Churches. 
Statements in opposition to the war 
so were issued by National Council of 
lurches leaders, the general secretary 
the World Council of Churches, and 
m-govemmental organizations (NGOs) 
the United Nations. 

isaster/refugee developments 

le Cooperative Disaster Child Care 
ogram has agreed to work with the 
5d Cross and the State Department to 
re for children of military personnel 
covering from serious injuries. 
The State Department is establishing 
ic "family support centers" in the US. 
le Child Care program will provide 
)lunteers to one of the centers, in Fort 
;wis. Wash. 

The Refugee/Disaster program has 
jreed to work with the State Depart- 
ent and the Red Cross in providing 
rvices to refugees. The government 
iticipates offering care for up to a 
illion refugees, housed in the US at 
mporary "mass care centers." Breth- 
n will work at two centers, in Mary- 

land and Virginia. 

"We see our service in these areas as 
an opportunity to witness to lovfe and 
peace in a very crucial way," said 
refugee/disaster director Donna Derr. 
"We are in no way condoning US 
military actions. We are trying to be true 
to our mandate to serve the innocent 
victims of this man-made disaster." 

Brethren prepare for a draft 

Since January 1, peace consultant David 
Radcliff has mailed almost 600 "peace 
packets" giving information on draft 

possibilities and statements of conscien- 
tious objection. Radcliff holds files for 
COs in case of a draft. 

Brethren Volunteer Service has 
applied to Selective Service to employ 
COs doing alternative service. Director 
Jan Schrock encourages Brethren to 
develop BVS projects in their churches 
and communities, as the demand for as- 
signments in the event of a draft may 
exceed the current number of projects. 
Health care assignments will be needed 
in particular, as health care professionals 
may be drafted, Schrock said. 

General secretary travels with US group to the Middle East 

A delegation of 19 US church leaders, 
including Church of the Brethren general 
secretary Donald Miller, traveled to the 
Middle East December 14-20 to meet 
with Christians there and to "pray 
together, hear one another's concerns, 
and consider what US churches can do to 
encourage peace," Miller said. 

He was one of nine delegation 
members who met with Christian leaders 

General secretary Donald Miller (third 
from right) was one of 19 US church 
leaders to go to the Middle East. His 
group visited Jerusalem and is shown 
below at the Al Aqsa mosque. 

in the cities of Jerusalem and Bethle- 
hem, in Israel and the Occupied Territo- 
ries. Another group went to Beirut, 
Lebanon, and a third traveled to 
Baghdad, Iraq. 

In Jerusalem, the Greek Orthodox 
Patriarch, the Armenian Patriarch, and 
the Roman Catholic Patriarch "spoke of 
the great devastation that will result if 
war breaks out in the Middle East," Mil- 
ler said. "All agreed that the invasion of 
Kuwait is unjust, but that the destruction 
resulting from all-out conflict would 
hardly save Kuwait and could spread." 

The group visited the Dome of the 
Rock, the site of recent violence, and 
talked with Islamic leaders who "voiced 
the cry of the Palestinians, many of 
whom have been forced to leave their 
homes for the sake of the Jewish state," 
Miller said. "We were asked dozens of 
times why the US supports the United 
Nations resolution regarding Kuwait, but 
vetoes those regarding the Palestinians. 
Their concern was for the US to be more 
even-handed ... to be as concerned 
about human rights as about oil." 

Invited by the Middle Eastern Council 
of Churches, the group began its trip in 
Cyprus, where the Greek Orthodox 
bishop asked "why Americans are so 
concerned about Kuwait, but say nothing 
about the Turkish occupation of Cy- 
prus," Miller said. "Those of us who 
went to the Middle East return home to 
call people to join in prayer for peace 
and justice there." 

March 1991 Messenger 7 

Shanksters retire with 41 years 
of church service in Nigeria 

Celia and Owen Shankster have an- 
nounced their retirement in June after 
serving 41 years as Church of the 
Brethren employees in Nigeria. 
The Shanksters went to Nigeria in 

1950. Since then, 
Owen has over- 
seen many 
churches and 
other buildings 
for the Ekklesiyar 
" Yanuwa a Nigeria (the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria), the Waka schools 
complex, construction for the Lafiya 
health program, and a well-digging 
program begun under Lafiya and now an 
EYN project. 

The well program, which works 
cooperatively with communities, had 
completed 2,500 wells as of June 1990. 
For the past year Owen has served as an 
advisor only, having turned over 
directorship to his assistant. 

Celia Shankster has given much of her 
time in Nigeria to bookkeeping, teach- 
ing, and treasurer's work. For the past 
several years she has taught at a school 
in Garkida. 

Schwarzenau group will visit 
Brethren in the United States 

About 35-40 residents of Schwarzenau, 
Germany, part of the Schwarzenau 
Heritage Society, will be hosted by 
Brethren when they visit the US in late 
March and early April. Donald F. 
Dumbaugh, professor at Elizabethtown 
(Pa.) College and the US contact for the 
group, said this is a "return visit." 

"Every year, hundreds of Brethren 
from the US go through Schwarzenau, 
where they are very generously shown 
and told about their historic Brethren 
roots," said Dumbaugh. "The reverse 
motivation for this trip is to let the 
German residents see where and how 
Brethren in the West live." 

8 Messenger March 1 99 1 

The group plans to arrive in Philadel- 
phia and travel west for a visit of about 
15 days. 

Proposal in development 
for caregiver curriculum 

An eight-person committee representing 
five Anabaptist denominations is 
developing a proposal for curriculum to 
teach caregiving to congregations. 

Jay Gibble, executive director for the 
Association of Brethren Caregivers and 
chairman of the project, said the mater- 
ial will be a "sequel of sorts" to Called 
to Caregiving: A Resource for Equipping 
Deacons in the Believers Church. 

The committee felt the uniqueness of 
Anabaptist community-based faith 
defined their objectives. "Most other 
training resources focus on pastors and 
leaders," said Gibble, "but how do you 
then equip laity as caregivers? Anabap- 
tist theology clearly speaks to the 
ministry of all believers. And in a time 
of crisis, most people tend to turn first to 
a close friend, spouse, or family member 
before seeking help from a profession- 
ally trained person." 

Plans are to have a finalized proposal 
by May. Several phases will focus on 
relationships between seminaries and 

On Earth Peace conference 
focuses on environment 

Faith and environmental renewal was the 
theme for a December conference on 
peacemaking hosted by the On Earth 
Peace Assembly in New Windsor, Md. 

Keynote speakers for the event were 
Shantilal Bhagat, staff for eco-justice 
and rural concerns, and Richard Cart- 
right Austin, a Presbyterian specializing 
in environmental theology and ethics. 

Tom Hurst, director of OEPA, said the 
conference was a success because it did 
not merely look at the problems. Rather, 
speakers gave practical measures one 
can take whether living on a farm or in 

an apartment, such as to create a 
landscape in your yard that is beautiful 
yet at the same time edible. "Partici- 
pants left feeling positive with practical 
things to do," said Hurst. 

"Working on these . . . issues is part 
of the Brethren peace wimess because 
we cannot be at peace unless we're at 
peace with the earth," Bhagat said. 

Pre-Conference workcamp 
to take place in Portland 

Portland, Ore., the location of Aimual 
Conference this summer, is also the site 
of a week-long workcamp for young 

Up to 25 people ages 18-35 can take 
part in the June 25 -July 1 project to re- 
habilitate older houses for low-income 
families. Cost is $70. Contact the Younj 
Adult Ministry Office, Church of the 
Brethren General Offices, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

New Murray album features 
NYCers singing theme song 

The National Youth Conference theme 
song, "Treasures for the Road," is 
included on a new album by Andy and 
Terry Murray called "Just As I Am," o 
sale through Brethren Press. 

"Treasures for the Road" uses the i 
voices of 3,000-plus NYC participants. '•■ 
"We positioned microphones so that wt' 
would get voices but no instruments," 
Andy Murray said. "We added instru- 
ments, lead voices, and effects. I think 
the NYC back-up singers will be please 
with the way their song turned out." 

The title song "is about the pain and 
confusion of an abused child growing u 
in a church that does not understand an( 
often does not acknowledge the issue ol 
abuse," he said. Another song, "No 
Lines for the Brethren," is dedicated "i 
all those who have ever been frustrated 
waiting their turn to speak at Annual 
Conference." Compact discs and 
cassettes are available. 

Critical food shortages in Africa mean millions may starve in 
Ethiopia, Sudan, Liberia, Angola, and Mozambique. A coalition of six 
relief organizations, including the World Council of Churches, says the 
famine may be as bad or even worse than that of 1984-85, with 
possibly 20 million Africans facing starvation this winter unless an 
immediate influx of food aid is received. 

The Ethiopian government and rebels agreed to reopen the port of 
Massawa and to share humanitarian food relief, announced the United 
Nations World Food Program. Shipments will be divided betw^een gov- 
srnment- and rebel-held areas. The port was closed in February 1990. 

The 1890 massacre of over 200 Lakota Sioux by us 

^rmy troops at Wounded Knee, S. D., was remembered in somber 
jrayer during a December ceremony that began with 1 50 Indians on 
lorseback circling the mass grave. At an earlier mass, Ben Black Bear 
Jr., a Catholic deacon, compared those slain to the Holy Innocents: 
'They were our first martyrs." 

To help Indians buy their land, the Catholic Church in 
Ecuador is paying $28 million of Ecuador's $1 1 .2 billion foreign debt, 
rhe debt paper will convert to local currency for use in financing low- 
nterest credits for the Indians to buy land, for farm training, health and 
jducation programs, and the restoration of their religious and artistic 
jstates. About 30 percent of Ecuador's 10.7 million population are 
ndians living in extreme poverty in mountain and jungle regions. 

The Immigration Act of 1990 is the first major reform to 
mmigration since 1965, and the most significant since the 1920s, 
^mong changes, the law increases overall annual immigration to 
700,000 people a year for the next three years; revises or eliminates 
Bxclusion of entry based on political views or sexual orientation; speeds 
:he naturalization process; emphasizes the reuniting of separated 
'amilies; and grants a "temporary protected status" to certain nationals 
3f counthes in civil strife or natural disaster situations, such as the 

The Vietnamese government gave permission to the Men- 
lonite Central Committee to set up an office in Hanoi, marking the 
approval of the first Amehcan relief agency in the country since the 
i/ietnam War. An earlier (vICC office in Vietnam was closed in 1975. 

Four more medical personnel have joined a Church World 
Service medical team in Liberia, including a retired Mennonite physician 
jnd his wife from Pennsylvania, a United Methodist physician from 
Sierra Leone, and an Episcopal nurse from New York City. The group 
eft for Monrovia, capital of the civil war-torn country, in January to join 
a team of three personnel sent in December. 

Abortion as a legal option in certain cases is supported by a 
Tiajority of Presbyterian Church (USA) clergy and laity, according to the 
'first-ever scientific survey of the 2.9-million-member denomination on 
the issue," Religious News Service reports. A majority also oppose the 
lotion of unrestricted abortions, in what is believed to be the most 
9xtensive of any abortion survey conducted by a large mainline Protes- 
tant denomination in recent years. Over 90 percent of the respondents 

Health care was the topic when Annual Conference moderator 
Phillip Stone (at right above) and Washington Office staff Melva 
Jimerson delivered a petition with 700 Brethren signatures (gathered 
at Conference) to Senator Jay D. Rockefeller, chairman of the Pepper 
Commission. Concern for 34 million Americans without health 
insurance prompted the petition, which calls for legislative hearings on 
universal access to health care. Rockefeller is expected to pursue a 
bill seeking reform in health insurance practices. 

said abortion should be legal for women whose health is seriously 
endangered because of pregnancy; over 80 percent approved abortion 
in cases resulting from incest or rape; and more than 70 percent 
thought it should be permitted when a strong chance for serious 
defect in the baby existed. 

Some military have been protesting US policy in the 
Persian Gulf by refusing to report for active duty, according to the 
International Fellowship of Reconciliation. Marine reservist Erik Larsen 
began questioning his military role two years ago and is now trying to 
leave the reserves as a conscientious objector. An active duty Marine 
in Hawaii was placed in solitary confinement for refusing to board a 
plane to the Middle East. In Fort Benning, Ga., 200 soldiers in the 
197th Infantry Brigade failed to show when the President called them 
to action, as did 12 soldiers at a Kansas base. 

Religious News Service reported that Sergeant George Morse 
sought conscientious objector status after his division was alerted for 
duty. Vowing to go to prison rather than serve in Saudi Arabia, he was 
sentenced to five months in jail, demoted to private, and faces a bad- 
conduct discharge. 

A new Army procedure is forcing military persons seeking CO 
status to deploy to potential combat zones before filing. 

More than half of us adults read the Bible at least monthly, 
according to a report from the Princeton Religion Research Center, 
but only a little more than a third can name the four Gospels. "The 
Role of Bible in American Society," a report based on a telephone 
survey of 1 ,021 randomly selected adults and conducted in November 
by the Gallup organization, found that 17 percent reads the Bible at 
least daily, 23 percent reads the Bible at least weekly, 13 percent at 
least monthly, and 20 percent rarely or never. Just 37 percent could 
name all four Gospels and 50 percent could name one. in a 1982 
Gallup survey, 42 percent could name all four. 

March 1991 Messenger 9 


Promoting peace in Baghdad 

Julie Garber and Bill Keim were the 
Brethren representatives in a 12- 
member delegation to Iraq, November 
21— December 1. 

Sponsored by Christian Peacemaker 
Teams, an initiative of Mennonites 
and Brethren, the group sought to 
listen to people there, to engage in any 
efforts possible to encourage peace, 
and to deliver medicines that are in 
short supply because of the embargo. 

While this and other peace missions 
did not avert war, the Brethren, out of 
nearly 300 years of conscientiously 
opposing war, continue to believe that 
war is not the answer to any interna- 
tional dispute. 

In the next pages, Julie Garber 
reports on the details of the trip, and 
Bill Keim analyzes the background of 
the crisis and likely effects of the war. 
The experience that this group had in 
Baghdad contributes to the Church of 
the Brethren's improved understand- 
ing of those our country considers the 

10 Messenger March 1991 

by Julie Garber 

Twelve delegates representing four 
peace churches in the US and Canada 
traveled to Baghdad on a mission of 
peace, November 2 1 —December 1 . 
Eight Mennonites, two members of the 
Church of the Brethren, one Brethren in 
Christ, and one Quaker formed a 
Christian Peacemaker Team to deliver 
medicines in short supply due to the 
embargo and to tell the Iraqis that many 
Christians in the West support a negoti- 
ated settlement in the Middle East crisis. 

In meetings with high-level govern- 
ment leaders, the team expressed its 
rejection of all war, including the 
invasion of Kuwait and the amassing of 
American troops on the Saudi-Kuwait 
border. Spokespersons Gene Stoltzfus 
and Landrum Boiling emphasized that 
war in the region would be catastrophic, 
protracted, and would solve nothing. 

Noting Christian teachings to love 
enemies and citing United Nations 
resolutions disallowing the embargo of 
food and medicine, our delegation con- 
fessed that our government's embargo of 
food and drugs was immoral. To 
alleviate shortages, we delivered a 
$12,000 shipment of medicines to the 
Red Crescent Society, the Arab equiva- 
lent of the Red Cross. Church World 
Service contributed the shipment, made 
up entirely of medicines for infants and 
children. The supplies were assembled at 
the New Windsor Service Center in 

In light of US State Department decla- 
rations that hostages were expendable in 
the face of war and had no value as a 
human shield, we urged the Iraqis to free 
all hostages. More specifically, we asked 
for the release of six hostages with seri- 

ous medical conditions. We had been 
given their names by the State Depart- 

Only later did we learn that five of the 
six were released. The five had been 
held in strategic sites and claimed to 
have been treated well. 

When we had been in Iraq nearly a 
week, we were granted a meeting with 
the deputy foreign minister, Nazir 
Hamdoon, the highest ranking official 
we were to see. Landrum Boiling, 
veteran Middle East activist with con- 
nections with top political leaders in the 
area, asked for a meeting with the 
foreign ministry to test the idea of 
bringing in third-party negotiators to 
mediate the crisis. Canadian Mennonite 
Harry Huebner and I accompanied 
Landrum to the sensitive meeting. 

The meeting was unlike our other 
meetings with officials. We usually filed 
into a room to hear a 45-minute, party- 
line speech, while video cameras and 
tape recorders and notetakers recorded 
every comment and every face. 

Hamdoon served in the Iraqi Embassy 
in Washington for four years and is 
assistant to Tariq Aziz, who later met 
with President Bush and Secretary of 
State Baker. He came into the room, 
skipped the usual speech, looked directly 
at Landrum, and asked what connections 
we had to people who could help. 

Landrum suggested that third-party 
arbitrators were available who could 
communicate with both sides. Figures 
such as Jimmy Carter, Roger Fisher, 
Ramsey Clark, and Jesse Jackson have 
been important players in informal inter- 
national diplomacy. We asked the Iraqis 
whether non-govemmental people with 
international profiles and diplomatic 
(continued on page 12) 


Projecting the war's aftermath 


by Bill Keim 

A primary goal in all of our discussions 
was to listen carefully to the perspec- 
tives of our Arab hosts so that we could 
carry their concerns back home. 
These conversations took place with a 
wide variety of people ranging from high 
governmental officials to average 
citizens of Iraqi, Jordanian, Palestinian, 
and Lebanese descent. 

One of the most interesting aspects of 
these talks was the consistency of the 
message we received. Three important 
themes emerged from these exchanges: 

Iraqi grievances with Kuwait. There 
seems to be little doubt that Iraq had a 
number of legitimate grievances with 
Kuwait. Although the western press has 
characterized this dispute as an argument 
over oil prices and production levels, it 
is much more complex. 

A key factor in their quarrel is a 
border dispute involving a major oil 
field. According to the Iraqis, 90 percent 
of that oil field is on their side of the 
border. During the Iran-Iraq war, the 

Top: As a statement of humanitarian 
support for children suffering under the 
embargo, delegation leader Gene 
Stoltzfus presents a can of infant formula 
to Iftekhaar Ahmad Ayoub, vice presi- 
dent of the Iraqi Women' s Federation. 

Bottom: F. S. Al-Alousi, general 
secretary of the Red Crescent, receives a 
shipment of medicine (stacked behind 
the group) from delegation members 
Julie Garber, Bill Keim, and Elias 
George. The shipment, given by Church 
World Service, was arranged through 
the Church of the Brethren and prepared 
at the New Windsor (Md.) Sen'ice 

Kuwaitis developed extensive oil wells 
on their side and seriously depleted the 
oil reserves in this field without compen- 
sating Iraq. 

Another issue relates to the aid 
provided by Kuwait to Iraq for the war 
with Iran. At one level this was a war for 
land and control of the strategic Shatt al 
Arab waterway, but at another level it 
was an effort to block the spread of 
Islamic fundamentalism. The ruling 
families in Kuwait and the other gulf 
states stood to lose a great deal if that 
movement spread from Iran into the 
Arabian peninsula. 

To prevent that development, these 
states provided Iraq with massive 
financial assistance during the war. Iraq 
viewed this aid as grants to support a 
common cause, but after the war Kuwait 
demanded repayment, insisting that their 
advances had been loans. 

With these two issues already strain- 
ing relationships, Kuwait insisted on 
maintaining oil production levels beyond 
the limits established by OPEC, thus 
lowering the international market price 
of oil. This seriously threatened Iraq's 
ability to meet heavy financial obliga- 
tions and development needs resulting 
from the war. 

A related allegation is that Kuwait was 
also using its enormous foreign reserves 
to manipulate and weaken Iraqi cur- 
rency. In total, these economic maneu- 
vers were viewed in Iraq as deliberate 
acts of economic warfare. 

A number of diplomatic initiatives 
were undertaken to address these 
grievances, and all met with failure. 
Several people spoke of the rude and 
"un-Arab" way in which these initia- 
tives were rejected by the Kuwaitis. 

According to one account. King 

March 1991 Messenger 11 


Garber (from page 10) 
experience could be helpful. Hamdoon 
seemed very interested in the idea. We 
promised to contact negotiators if they 
so desired. We left having planted the 
seed, not knowing if it took root. 

Our main mission that week was to 
listen. We wanted to hear the Iraqi story. 
We learned that, in this market culture, 
everything is negotiable. The Iraqis told 
us over and over that they would put 
everything, including Kuwait, on the 
bargaining table, but they would not 
accept any preconditions to the talks. 

We learned of intense feelings in the 
whole Arab world that America is 
seeking its own self-interest in the region 
and opposes Arab self-determination. 
Each escalation of the crisis solidifies 
the resolve in Arab countries to resist US 

hegemony. Months ago, the Iraqis were 
disgruntled by their leader, but they now 
make him a symbol of Arab unity. Even 
the people of Jordan and Palestine are 
willing to overlook Saddam Hussein's 
human rights abuses because he offers 
them power over their future. 


e learned that the invasion of 
Kuwait cannot be separated from the 
Palestinian issue. The Kuwait invasion 
has become a platform for airing all the 
issues affecting the Arab world, includ- 
ing a homeland for Palestinians, an Arab 
federation, and a fair distribution of 
wealth for all Arab states. 

Though Palestinians did not figure 
into the invasion of Kuwait, Saddam 
Hussein has maximized on the logic of 

consistency, calling for the withdrawal 
of all major powers from small defense- 
less countries. Specifically, there would 
be more willingness on the part of Iraq 
to withdraw from Kuwait if the Israelis 
would comply with United Nations 
resolutions 338, which forbids occupa- 
tion of one state by another, and 242, 
which specifies withdrawal of Israel 
from the Occupied Territories. 

Unlike Arab states with religious 
regimes, Iraq is a secular society with 
surprising openness and freedom for its 
citizens. We saw signs of a police state, 
to be sure: surveillance equipment, 
videotaping of all our meetings, armed 
guards, and official and constant escorts. 
Yet we could photograph and tape 
record anything. 

Religious groups are unhindered by 

Keim (from page ll) 
Hussein of Jordan agreed to serve as a 
mediator but wasn't even allowed to 
disembark from his jet after landing in 
Kuwait. Such a snub by the rulers of 
Kuwait represents a tremendous insult 
within the Arab culture. 

Iraqi interpretation of this intransigent 
attitude followed two general theories: 
Some stated that the Kuwaitis were 
hardened by the knowledge the US 
would back them-that American troops 
were, in fact, already on their way 
before Iraq invaded. A more sinister 
view was that the Kuwaiti actions were 
being orchestrated by the US in an 
attempt to topple the regime of Saddam 
Hussein and establish a pretext for 
American military presence in the 

Arab vs. international solutions. 
Another common theme that emerged 
from our discussion was alarm over the 
swift and massive international response 

12 Messenger March 1991 

to the invasion. Everyone with whom we 
spoke felt that the problem could have 
been resolved as an inner-Arab issue if 
the US had allowed such a solution. No 
credence was given to the argument that 
the US had to rush in to protect Saudi 
Arabia. Most with whom we spoke felt 
that an international solution was not 
necessary but, having elevated the issue 
to that level, it is crucial that the West 
deal consistently in responding to such 

In both Jordan and Iraq we heard great 
resentment about the double standard 
that has been applied to United Nations 
resolutions related to this region. 
Although Turkey's invasion of Cyprus 
was condemned by the Security Council, 
no action has been taken and Turkish 
troops still occupy much of the island. 

UN condemnation of Israel's Lebanon 
invasion resulted in similar inaction. 
And in spite of overwhelming interna- 
tional support for UN resolutions 242 

and 338, Israel continues to occupy the 
Arab lands that were invaded in 1967. 
Such selective application of interna- 
tional law is viewed with great suspicion' 
in the Arab world. 



' hile in the West we hear that the 
gulf crisis is the first test of a new worldj 
order, many Arabs see this situation as 
the first crisis created by that new world' 
order. With the demise of Soviet power, 
the US, they say, is now unrestrained in 
the pursuit of its own global interests. 

From that perspective, the invasion of 
Kuwait provided a pretext for America 
to establish a permanent military 
presence on the Arabian peninsula. That' 
presence is viewed as a long-held US 
goal that will be used to exert control 
over the crucial oil reserves of the 

In that context, the current crisis is 
seen as an attempt of western powers, 



he government. Even the Christian 
ommunity, making up only 5 percent of 
le population, enjoys active church life, 
outh activities, and open worship. We 
/orshiped in a Syriac Catholic Church 
nd talked briefly with the bishop. He 
Did of an international peace conference 
osted by Christian churches in Iraq. 
Some of our group dreaded what they 
lought would be a dry visit at the gov- 
mment offices for women, but were 
aptivated by the astounding story of 
/omen in Iraq. In very few places in the 
^rab world have women achieved as 
luch as they have in Iraq. They drive 
ars! Women are found in every profes- 
ion: medicine, engineering, economics, 
nd education. They have been instru- 
lental in providing health care, espe- 
ially midwifery, across the country and 

are credited with helping to lower infant 
mortality to a respectable rate. Twenty- 
four women fill seats in a parliament of 
200 representatives. 

Perhaps the most surprising visit we 
made was to the Saddam Center for the 
Arts, a modem art museum. If art reveals 
something about a society, this art was 
very telling. Islam traditionally forbids 
depicting human forms, so geometric 
shapes and designs figure highly in Is- 
lamic art. 

But Baghdad does not observe strict 
Islamic law. Its artwork is freer, varied, 
and expressive. Paintings depict sexual- 
ity, birth, and love— highly unusual in the 
Arab world. Anti-war and anti-West 
poster art gave us the only hint of 
political debate in a country solidly 
behind Saddam Hussein. And Christian 

themes— Jesus in modem Arab dress, the 
last supper with 12 women surrounding 
Jesus— spoke of religious pluralism. No 
one in our group, with 30 collective 
years of experience in Arab countries, 
had seen this kind of art in the region. 

Ihe art museum was representative of 
modem Baghdad. Iraq is a major indus- 
trial, commercial, and military power, 
one of three among the Arab states. Only 
Egypt and Syria are as developed. It has 
a highly developed system of highways, 
modem architecture, active universities 
and schools, and research and teaching 

However, the intemational embargo is 
having some effect on city services. At a 
children's hospital we learned of short- 


specially the US and Great Britain, to 
j-exert control over the region. Saddam 
lussein's popularity among citizens in 
le Arab world derives, not from his 
ggressive invasion of Kuwait, but rather 
rom his determination to stand up for all 
irabs against these neo-colonialist 
/estem aspirations for dominance over 
le Arab homeland. This is a crucial 
spect of the confrontation that has not 
een understood or sufficiently ad- 
ressed by western media. 

Prospects for peace/costs of war. 
according to President Bush, the US 
ought four goals through the deploy- 
lent of American troops in the region: 
) the withdrawal of Iraqi troops from 
Kuwait, 2) restoration of the legitimate 
kUwaiti govemment, 3) release of all 
oreign hostages, and 4) implementation 
f adequate security arrangements to 
ecure stability in the region. 

One of the strongest impressions I 
rought back from the trip was that these 

goals could be achieved through peace- 
ful means. Everyone with whom we 
spoke expressed a desire for direct talks 
between the US and Iraq. There was also 
a clear willingness to negotiate all 
aspects of the dispute, including Iraqi 
withdrawal from Kuwait. 

Two questions that were frequently 
asked and difficult to answer were why 
our govemment seemed so eager to go to 
war and why it was so set against talking 
with the Iraqis. 

Given the fact that direct substantive 
talks seemed to provide great potential 
for successful resolution of the conflict. 
Bush's opposition to such dialog was 
quite baffling. Many Arabs asked 
whether there was a second, private 
administrative agenda that is the real 
motive for our strategy toward Iraq. 

Given our official reactions to dialog 
and several statements from US officials, 
one might assume that the tme purpose 
of our military buildup is to "take out" 

Saddam Hussein and destroy Iraq's 
military and economic strength. That 
strength and Hussein's articulation of 
long-held pan-Arabist sentiments may 
well be the real reason for massive 
military intervention in the region. 

Regardless of the reasons for such 
reliance on a military option, it is clear 
that the war with Iraq will have tremen- 
dous long- and short-term costs and will 
seriously undermine US interests in the 
region for decades to come. Although 
the administration is frantically assuring 
the American public that a war with Iraq 
will not be another protracted Vietnam, 
the cost in human life could be just as 

With conservative official estimates of 
US losses set at 20 to 30 thousand, other 
experts predict as that as many as 50,000 
Americans will die. That number equals 
the number lost over several years in 
Vietnam, but those deaths would likely 
be experienced in six months or less. 

March 1991 Messenger 13 


Garber (continued) 

ages of medicines. Because of this, 
hospitals can perform only emergency 
surgeries and life-saving treatments. 
Vaccines are in short supply because the 
international community fears Iraq will 
cultivate live vaccines for germ warfare. 

We also visited an elementary school 
where the educational model was largely 
rote memorization. Each class we visited 
provided us with a recitation of the 
alphabet or a reading. Some welcomed 
us to Baghdad in unison English. 

In exchange we offered them cards 
and notes with messages of peace from 
American children. The older children 
assembled in a courtyard to demonstrate 
their patriotic support of Saddam 
Hussein. Of course, the teachers encour- 
aged their excitement about him, but the 

session finally broke into real communi- 
cation when the children rushed up to us 
practicing their English and asking, 
"What is your name? How are you? 
Please write your name for me." Chil- 
dren are children are children. The boys 
wanted their pictures taken with us. The 
girls were anxious to see these western 
men up close. 

For many Iraqis, Iraq is a place of pro- 
mise. They credit Saddam Hussein for 
development in the country and for 
bringing the Arab nations together. 
Despite the existence of secret police 
(who seem to exert control mainly on 
political figures), the use of poisonous 
gas against their own countrymen, and 
long years of exhausting war with Iran 
and now, perhaps, with the US, the 
Iraqis are determined to help the Arab 

world organize itself for economic and 
social development and for control of 
their lands. Saddam Hussein, they 
believe, can help them do it. 


t sounds far-fetched to say Saddam 
Hussein is a moderate, that he is inter- 
ested in democracy, that his government 
has been working on a constitution, or 
that he believes the wealth of one Arab 
nation should be used to support weaker 
Arab nations. But that's what unsolicited 
merchants in the market, school chil- 
dren, professionals, politicians, and 
military officials said. 

Party politicians reminded us over and 
over that the US is not innocent— that 
America was the first to use nuclear 
weapons; America used Agent Orange, a 

Keim (continued) 

US officials are less forthcoming with 
estimates of Iraqi military and civilian 
casualties as a result of war, but one can 
only assume that such losses would be 
even more devastating. While it is 
difficult to predict the outcome of any 
war, it appears that the US strategists 
have seriously underestimated both the 
resolve of the Iraqi citizens and their 
loyal support of Saddam Hussein. 

Underestimating those factors could 
well lead to an overly simplistic ap- 
praisal of the price of pursuing the 
military option. Few Iraqis, when faced 
with such a war, need to ask the ques- 
tions of purpose that are already com- 
mon among American soldiers. They 
know what is at stake for Iraq and its 

If the human costs of such a war aren't 
sufficient to give pause, the resulting 
disruption of oil supplies caused by war 
could have a devastating impact on the 

14 Messenger March 1991 

economies of all nations of the world. 
That impact would be especially hard on 
the US economy because we will carry 
most of the direct costs of war. 

Cj ven if such human and economic 
costs seem justified by Saddam 
Hussein's perceived threats to the 
region, our long-term interests .seem 
even more jeopardized by such a war. 

Throughout the region our delegation 
heard Arab aspirations for developing 
more democratic forms of government. 
Those who presented such sentiments 
have been greatly encouraged by recent 
events in the Soviet Union and Eastern 
Europe. One might assume that the 
current American intervention would be 
welcomed by those seeking such 
democratic changes. 

That perspective loses sight of the fact 
that we are intervening to reinstate a 
Kuwaiti government that is widely seen 

as a corrupt and despotic regime. In fact,iji 
most of our political support throughout 
the region is extended to governments 
that provide little or no democratic 
participation for their citizens. 

Even if we are successful in military 
terms and manage to dispose of Saddam 
Hussein as a threat, the legacy of such an 
Arab humiliation could create a ground- 
swell of popular opposition to American 
involvement in the Arab world. That 
sentiment could easily result in the 
overthrow of the gulf royal families and 
any other Arab governments that sided 
with the US in the venture. Such 
developments would undermine the very 
regional security that we seek to estab- 
lish and could result in ever-widening 
circles of military conflict. 

Sorting out the facts. As with any 
conflict it is difficult to reconcile the 
viewpoints we heard with those provided 
by our government officials. One week 
visiting and talking with Iraqis certainly 


;hemical weapon, in Vietnam; America 
las used aerial bombing indiscriminately 
igainst civilians; America has invaded 
small countries in self-interest. None of 
his excuses Iraq's aggression and 
violence. It merely puts all war and 
Jaddam Hussein into perspective. 

When we left Iraq, I felt sure that war 
;ould be averted. The Arab coalition 
supporting the US seemed fragile. 
Domestic and congressional support was 
leeply divided at home. Arab leaders 
vere working hard toward a comprehen- 
live solution to Middle East problems. 
\.nd heads of state had agreed to talk. 
But as January 1 5 approached (the 
'resident's deadline for an Iraqi with- 
Irawal from Kuwait), diplomacy 
)etween the US and Iraq failed as 
)oliticians stirred the situation to crisis 


proportions. On January 16, peace gave 
way to war. 

I took the failure of diplomacy very 
personally. Through our visit, the enemy 
was personalized and I worked hard for 
their safety, speaking to churches, 
organizations, students, and politicians. 
It was also personal because, like you, I 
knew American doctors, pilots, and 
soldiers in Saudi Arabia and I worked 
equally hard for their safety. 

Sadly, the great sacrifice on the 
battlefield will not answer the questions 
that remain: What, if any, role should 
the US play in the Middle East? How 
shall the Arab nations relate to one 
another profitably and amiably? Why do 
we support regimes such as Kuwait and 
Saudi Arabia but not Iraq? What is the 
solution to the Israeli-Palestinian 

question? What sacrifices will America 
make in funding for our schools, clinics, 
roads, jobs, and the arts so that we may 
be the world's greatest military power? 
When victory comes to one side or the 
other, we will certainly face more 
questions than when we started. 

The burden of sadness, the sense of 
failure, and the human loss nearly 
immobilizes us. But the light shines in 
the darkness and the darkness of sinful 
war has not overcome it. However 
disappointing war is (especially to 
God!), we are the body of Christ sent to 
reconcile the world, and by the grace 
of God, we will be tools 
for peace. 


Julie Garher is editor of study resources for the 
Church of the Brethren General Board. 

ioesn't make one an expert on the 
;ubject. Given the human-rights viola- 
ions attributed to Saddam Hussein, one 
nay well doubt whether any of those 
vith whom we met could truly have 
)een speaking their conscience. And yet, 
here was a ring of truth to much of what 
ve heard. 

In sorting through the claims and 
:ounter-claims, I was heartened by the 
vords of Mahdi Saleh, the speaker of the 
'National Assembly. In responding to our 
ielegation's plea for the release of all 
lostages, he said that he and the govem- 
nent shared our opinions but were 
ooking for "the slightest hint of 
softening in the American position" 
)efore taking that step. Saddam 
"lussein's decision to release all hostages 
;ame as no surprise, therefore, following 
Bush's move in December toward talks, 
rhat official Iraqi response provides 
jome verification of the sincerity and 
genuine desire for peaceful resolution 

that we sensed in all of our meetings 
with Iraqi officials and citizens. 

It was clear from our discussion that a 
peaceful solution was possible but that 
Iraq would not easily be beaten into 
submission. Given the Arab view of 
international intervention, two factors 
must be included in any UN- or US- 
brokered settlement. 

J^ irst, we in the West must not insist on 
formulas that require the public humili- 
ation of Saddam Hussein. The opening 
US position— that Hussein must totally 
withdraw his forces before any negotia- 
tion takes place— was clearly a formula 
for humiliation. 

Secondly, any settlement must be seen 
as the UN's first step at resolving the 
many ongoing conflicts of the region. 
Although the Israeli-Palestinian conflict 
will be much more difficult to address, 
western credibility will be seriously 

undermined if there isn't comparable 
energy devoted to the resolution of this 

While the White House would have us 
believe that Saddam Hussein is totally 
responsible for initiating this war, 
George Bush clearly shares responsibil- 
ity for the failure of a diplomatic solu- 
tion to the crisis. His decisions will have 
even more impact on how that war ends. 

We can only pray that greater cultural 
sensitivity will be demonstrated by 
President Bush once the military 
objectives have been met and that our 
nation exhibits as much concern for the 
Iraqi people as we have for the Kuwaitis. 
If not, our highest aspirations for the 
new world order will be undermined by 
a legacy of hate and mistrust, for rJ/T] 
much of the Muslim world. I 1 

Bill Keim is assistant head of Sandy Spring (Md.) 
Friends School. He served as the Church of the 
Brethren's Africa/Middle East representative 1985- 

March 1991 Messenger 15 

Chaplain Don Mason (left) meets with 
trucker Ken Boyer, a deacon at the 
Carlisle (Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 

Some seeds fall on the parking lot pavement and 
are ground under the tires of big Mack trucks; 
some fall on the median strip and forthwith 
spring up, only to be mowed down by the high- 
way department; some fall on the embankments 
and the flowering vetch smothers them out; 
but others fall on . . . well, let the Truckstop 
Ministry Chaplains tell you about them. 

16 Messenger March 1991 



Seed sowers 

of the truckstops 

oy Jackie Rollfinke 

rompact cars, move over. Here come 
he big rigs. They're huge, they're tough, 
ind without a doubt they're the kings of 
he road. 

It's a cool, drizzly morning in Penn- 
;ylvania's Cumberland Valley— not the 
)est conditions for hauling a load of 
reight across the country or across the 
:ounty. Many of the truckers have been 
m the road since 2 a.m., and they're 
eady for a cup of thick, dark coffee by 
he time they pull into one of the 
ruckstops flanking the Carlisle- 
Middlesex interchange. 

More than 20,000 rigs a day pass 
hrough this crucial cloverleaf at the 
;rossroads of Interstate 8 1 and the 
Pennsylvania Turnpike (the second 
)usiest trucking area in the entire United 
Jtates), so it's understandable that the 
ZB airwaves are alive with chatter. 
Jome of it's pretty glum. Truckers with 
landles such as "Widow Maker," "Bad 
^ews," or "Devil's Advocate" have a 
ot to gripe about, ranging from the 
imount of time they have to spend away 
rom home to the police's latest drug 
:ting operation. 

Suddenly another voice cuts in— a 
lelpful, caring one. The old pros can tell 
hat this CB radio isn't a deluxe model; 
hey refer to him as "the guy with the 
oy," but he does have an official 
landle— "Seed Sower." We're not 
alking about wild oats. We're talking 
Vlatthew 13:1-23, and the fellow who 
lopes that the seed of his ministry falls 
)n receptive ears and hearts is Donald 
Vlason, the Truckstop Chaplain. 

The Truckstop Ministry was initiated 
as an outreach program of the Pennsyl- 
vania Council of Churches' Leisure 
Ministries Committee, which for a 
number of years was chaired by Warren 
Eshbach, district executive of Southern 
Pennsylvania District of the Church of 
the Brethren. Southern Pennsylvania has 
joined with the regional subdivisions of 
five other denominations to become the 
ecumenical sponsors of the chaplaincy 
serving the Carlisle/Greater West Shore 

It is not unusual for Don Mason, an or- 
dained minister in the United Church of 
Christ, to be the guest preacher before a 
Brethren congregation, or for monthly 
Church of the Brethren offerings to be 
earmarked for the support of his work. 

Ihe Carlisle program is one of three 
truckstop chaplaincies that have been 
begun in the past five years by the 
Council of Churches. Glenn McQuown 
serves in the Brookville/ Strattenville 
area, and Fred Simmel assists truckers 
and travelers at the Breezewood inter- 
change of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. 

The latter ministry is supported by a 
six-member ecumenical coalition, 
including Middle Pennsylvania District 
of the Church of the Brethren. Funding 
for these programs is supplied not only 
by the Council of Churches and the 
district and congregations, but also by 
the trucking industry and interested indi- 
viduals, including the truckers them- 

Described by Don Mason as "almost a 
mission field," the Truckstop Ministry is 

in some regards unique. Whereas most 
congregations are settled, stable commu- 
nities of people who are such creatures 
of habit that they tend to sit in the same 
pews week after week, Don's flock is by 
definition an assortment of rolling 
stones. Since he assumed his position in 
January 1990, "Chaplain Don," as the 
truckers call him, has spoken with, 
counseled, or otherwise served over 
1,300 individuals. Perhaps five of them 
are persons he has seen more than once. 

The focus of Pennsylvania's Truckstop 
Ministry also is atypical. Church groups 
in other states have made efforts to reach 
out to truckers, but these programs 
usually take the form of converting an 
18-wheeler into a mobile chapel and 
presenting religious services at a 
different truckstop each evening. The 
Pennsylvania chaplains prefer to connect 
truckers or travelers seeking worship 
opportunities with area congregations; 
instead of emphasizing sermons, they 
offer what they call a "presence- 
oriented" ministry, characterized by 
listening, encouragement, and construc- 
tive actions. 

Nobody knows the need for these 
services better than Ken Boyer. The 
genial, Texas-sized trucker, who usually 
wears a Western shirt, cowboy boots, 
and jeans that are topped by a 
handtooled leather belt with an ornate 
Navajo buckle, is hard to distinguish 
from many other persons who share 
coffee breaks with Chaplain Don at the 
truckstops' lunch counters. But Ken is 
there to discuss plans more often than 

A deacon at the First Church of the 

March 1991 Messenger 17 

Chaplain Don 
Mason listens 

to the concerns of 
a trucker at a 
Carlisle, Pa., 

truckstop counter. 

Brethren in Carlisle, Ken has been a 
strong backer of the Truckstop Ministry 
since its inception. He was a member of 
the original "start-up" committee, along 
with Warren Eshbach and First Church's 
former pastor, Mike Morrow. He 
continues to work with the current 
Carlisle pastor, Ed Poling, on the 
committee that provides supportive 
services for the chaplain's personal and 
professional growth. 

Trucking dominates Ken's life— even 
in church on Sunday mornings. When 
the Carlisle congregation erected a new 
sanctuary several years ago, it became 
clear that air-conditioning would be a 
necessity rather than a luxury. The 
church property is located so close to 
Interstate 8 1 that the windows can never 
be opened during services: The roar of 
tractor-trailers would drown out the 
voices of the preacher and choir. 

While the constant presence of the 
trucking industry may provide minor 
inconveniences for some Cumberland 
Valley residents, it puts food on Ken 
Boyer's dinner table. It also keeps him 
away from that table to an extent that 
can be painful. 

In "An Understanding Friend Away 
from Home," a videotape about the 
Truckstop Ministry produced for the 
Council of Churches by the Church of 
the Brethren's ubiquitous Dave SoUen- 
berger. Ken sums up the truckers' 
dilemma poignantly: "It's our job to 

move the freight. The more you work, 
the more money you make. And the 
more you work, the more you're away 
from home. Your wife and family need 
you at home, but at the same time you 
can't spend too much time at home with 
them, or you're not going to be able to 
give them what they need financially." 

Being in such a bind throughout one's 
entire working life can be rough, and it's 
not surprising that a psychologist who 
studied truckers concluded that trucking 
is the most stressful career in the world. 
It follows, then, that a large portion of 
Don Mason's work consists of counsel- 
ing persons tormented with loneliness, a 
sense of separation from their families, 
and assorted job-related tensions. 

The chaplain, who makes good use of 
his bachelor's degree in psychology, 
currently is bolstering his skills by 
taking courses in clinical pastoral 
education at the Milton S. Hershey 
Medical Center. "So much loneliness, 
pain, and anger to relieve," he writes in 
his newsletter. Seeds of the Sower. "So 
much to share about God's love and 
Christ's redemption." 

As he moves from truckstop to 
truckstop, Don finds many people 
desperate for help and healing. One day 
it's a trucker having difficulty determin- 
ing the line between disciplining his 
stepchildren and abusing them. The next 
day it's a female hitchhiker in need of 
food and medicine. The plague of 

homelessness afflicting the United States 
also infects the truckstops, and at times 
the chaplain has found himself driving a 
stranded individual or family to a shelter 
in the early morning hours of the night. 

Nonetheless, Don Mason seems to 
thrive on what he calls "the best job I've 
ever had." When his eight-year-old son 
Harris visited him at work and observed 
him conversing with the truckers in the 
TV lounge and video game room, the 
boy asked, "Dad, is this what you do for ' 
a living— drink coffee, watch TV, and 
play video games?" 

"Well, you might say that's a part of 
it," Don answered. 

"Dad," said Harris, "how can / get a 
job like that?" 

For the Truckstop Ministry chaplain, 
each day has its share of camaraderie 
and catastrophes— and also challenges. 
High on Don's agenda is the need for 
better funding and for volunteers to 
provide even more services to truckers 
and travelers who need to feel God's 
love in their lives. Having already been 
accepted warmly by the truckstop 
owners and staff, the chaplain is working 
hard to establish better rapport with the 
trucking industry, to let them know, as 
Charles Dorsey of the Pennsylvania 
Council of Churches puts it, that when 
their "relationship with God, and within 
their own heart, and with their family is 
good, that's going to make a driver a 
better driver for the company." 


'hat some individuals might find to 
be a burden is for Don Mason the most 
rewarding part of his work— the "assured 
presence of needy people; the fact that 
there's always someone here who needs 
to know Christ cares for them." And 
when they have met the truckstop 
chaplain, the truckers know and experi- 
ence that caring. 

"Friendship: That's what the love of 
God is," one trucker remarked after 
talking with Don. 

The chaplain simply responds 
"I share the load." 


Freelance writer Jackie RoHfinke is a member of 
the Carlisle (Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 

1 8 Messenger March 1 99 1 


Nigeria's Rural Health Program 

comes of age 


by Carol and Ralph Mason 

A milestone has been quietly passed in 
the ongoing story of the work begun in 
Nigeria 68 years ago this month by the 
Church of the Brethren. 

In 1990 the Rural Health Program that 
the Church of the Brethren Mission 
began in 1973 was handed over to 
Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYN— 
the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria). It 
completed a process, begun in 1985, of 

the US-based Church of the Brethren 
putting its Nigeria mission work in the 
hands of EYN. 

The Rural Health Program (RHP) is 
one of seven programs of EYN that once 
were operated by the Church of the 
Brethren Mission and its partner church, 
the Switzerland-based Basel Mission. 
The other six are the Self-help Well- 
drilling Project, Garkida Technical Shop 

A Rural Health worker-in-training learns how to conduct a diagnosis. 

March 1991 Messenger 19 

A health-care worker leads a clinic for 
under-five children and their mothers. 
Early childhood diseases and malnu- 
trition are among the threats to life and 
good health in this area of the world. 

and Training School, Rural Develop- 
ment Program, Adult Literacy Project, 
Kulp Bible College, and Theological 
Education by Extension. 

Last year was also a historic year 
within RHP itself. For the first time it 
had a Nigerian medical consultant to 
oversee the treatment of diseases carried 
out at RHP's health posts and dispensa- 
ries and to teach at the RHP Training 
School. Dr. Isaiah Tari was bom and 
grew up in Micika, in the eastern area of 
EYN. He got his medical training at 
Ahmadu Bello University, in Zaria, 

What do the changes mean? For one 
thing, while the Church of the Brethren 
USA is no longer initiating health, 
education, and welfare programs in 
Nigeria, the ones that took root in the 
past 68 years are stronger and more vital 
than ever, reaching a greater number of 
people each year. 

RHP, serving six tribes in two states 
and 10 local-government areas, sees an 

estimated 182,000 patients a year (1987 
figures). It maintains 70 health posts 
covering all 14 EYN church districts, 
and 12 dispensaries. 

RHP also trains 100 village health 
workers annually, in a 3-month health 
course taught by the medical consultant. 
RHP touches the lives of countless other 
people with its each-one-teach-one 
policy of home visits, social gatherings, 
and informal meetings where stories and^ 
dramas about health-care procedures are ^ 

For another thing, EYN officials who 
have long been given direction and 
funding by the Church of the Brethren 
USA's General Board, are finding their i 
footing in administering and budgeting 
the essential programs they have chosen 
to continue. 

"Effective supervision and continuing 
education for its staff have been the 
primary reason for RHP's successful 
growth," says Bulama Birdling, RHP's ' 
Nigerian director since 1984. "But," he 

20 Messenger March 1 99 1 

dds, "the cost of that supervision and 
inding the funds to attract skilled 
ersonnel are two of RHP's biggest 
roblems at present." 

Isaiah Tari concurs. He has worked for 
le government as well as in the private 
ector and, from 1983 to 1985, was the 
ledical officer in charge of Garkida 
Jeneral Hospital (founded by the 
lission in 1924 and turned over to the 
;deral government in 1976). Dr. Tari 
nows the material benefits of such work 
nd realizes that EYN cannot begin to 
ffer its workers incentive salaries and 

"How to maintain high morale and 
lotivation among staff has to be 
/eighed against our turnover," he says. 
Consider that we are trying to keep our 
rices as low as possible." Dr. Tari con- 
ludes, "Keeping a good team of dedi- 
ated workers comfortable on the job 
/ill be one of our biggest problems." 

"Comfortable" is a highly subjective 
/ord, but what Dr. Tari alludes to is the 
omparison between attracting a 
lissionary doctor who comes with an 
xpectation of service— but who also has 
le backing of relatively affluent 
hurches in the United States— and 
ttracting talented Nigerian doctors to a 
iral Garkida village without incentives 
f a high salary, household equipment, 
ducational opportunities for children, 
nd increased medical benefits. 

Director Birdling sees that the 
reatest advantage of having a Nigerian 
ledical consultant instead of a foreign 
ne, in addition to ease of communica- 
on and knowledge of the culture, is that 
the Nigerian doctor is likely to stay in 
le program longer, while the US 
lissionary doctor has a limited time of 

How to draw up guidelines to make 
lat possibility reality is one of the tasks 
efore RHP today. "We need more 
killed workers to assess the impact our 
ealth posts and dispensaries are 
laking," says director Birdling. He 
onsiders the American workers to be 
etter skilled in organization and re- 
earch, as well as in taking initiative and 

"executing a plan of action thai' would 
help RHP know how well it is doing." 

Because of the reasonable prices, 
availability, and— most importantly— 
purity of their drugs, the EYN dispensa- 
ries are drawing more patients every 
day. Regular clinic hours and skilled 
paramedics continually attract new 
patients to the RHP health posts. 
Explains director Birdling, "In Wandali 
(a village on the western edge of the 
EYN area), for instance, more people 
come to the dispensary for advice and 
treatment than go to the local hospital." 


major difficulty for RHP is meeting 
transportation costs. "Vehicles are the 
backbone of this program," noted Dr. 
Lois Wise, a recent short-term worker 
from the USA. All the dispensaries are 
reached by car or Land Rover, and most 
could easily be reached for much of the 
year by motorcycle. But a motorcycle 
that cost 6,000 naira three years ago cost 
between 12,000 and 15,000 in 1990. (A 
good monthly salary in Garkida is 200 
naira, where a chicken costs 30 naira.) 
The present RHP vehicles are not 
sufficient and are under frequent repair 
for damage caused by bad roads. A 
pick-up truck was recently repaired for 
14,000 naira, even with the low-cost 
labor charges in the EYN shop. 

RHP's 12 dispensers usually live close 
to their dispensaries, but the health posts 
must be visited regularly by the supervi- 
sors to maintain efficiency of these 
prime preventive centers of health 
education. The 70 health posts are 
divided into four quadrants, each under 
the direction of a supervisor who goes to 
the villages each working day to give 
immunizations, on-site training to 
village health-care workers, advice and 
consultations to patients, and who 
implements the health-care strategies 
outlined by the director. 

These strategies often include sanita- 
tion and clean water supply plans. In 
carrying out these plans, the whole 
community may participate, under the 
supervision of the health post. The EYN 

Self-help Well Project, under the 
management of Owen Shankster (a 
missionary in Nigeria for 41 years), has 
been responsible for 2,508 wells. A 
clean water source is the first priority in 
preventing disease. 

In addition to the dispensary and 
health post activities, RHP maintains a 
training school for village health 
workers, dispensers, supervisors, and all 
other RHP staff. The school's courses 
are popular for both men and women 
seeking to upgrade their village life. 
They return home to share their training 
in symptoms of common diseases, use of 
simple medicines, physical exams, and 
the knowledge of how diseases are 
contracted and can be prevented. 

The RHP medical stores in Garkida 
house the largest supply of inexpensive, 
pure drugs in Gongola and Bomo states. 
As a nonprofit organization, RHP is able 
to charge more than 50 percent less for 
drugs that are guaranteed fresher and 
purer than anything available on the 
market. With the high cost of hospital 
care (to say nothing of the conditions in 
many hospitals), treatment at home with 
the advice of the RHP medical consult- 
ant or village health worker is often 
preferable or really the only choice. RHP 
gets most of its supplies from agencies 
that import directly from Europe and are 
well aware of the importance of expira- 
tion dates and sealed packaging. 

In spite of all the difficulties that it 
faces in operating its program, the RHP 
had steadily built a reputation for effec- 
tiveness, dependability, and caring. The 
goal of health care and health conditions 
that are on a par with those of more 
developed countries will not be reached 
in the EYN area for years to come. But 
the 18-year-old program has already 
proven that its Nigerian and American 
founders were on the right track, and it 
has become a role-model for health 
programs in other developing coun- 
tries in Africa and else- 


Carol and Ralph Mason are workers in EYN 
from the Church of the Brethren USA. 

March 1991 Messenger 21 

Beyond the grieving 

When our weeping 
for a loss is over, we 
find there is some- 
thing being offered— 
beyond the grieving— 
if only we can receive 
it. It's a gift called 
resurrection . . . and 
the giver is God. 

by Kenneth L. Gibble 

What do you do when someone you love 
dies? You grieve. At least that's what 
you do if you can. 

Frederick Buechner, in The Sacred 
Journey, writes of his father's death, 
which took place when Frederick was 10 
years old. Looking back on that event, 
Buechner understands now that for many 
years he was unable to deal with the fact 
that his father had taken his own life. He 
explained the death by telling people 
that it had resulted from "heart 
trouble," as, in a sense, it had. 

Buechner says he did not feel real 
grief over his father's suicide until more 
than 30 years later. "The grief was post- 
poned," he writes, "until only in middle 
age did it became real enough for me to 
weep real tears at last and to see better 
than I ever had earlier who it was that I 
was weeping for and who I was that was 

What is it, who is it, that we grieve 
over when someone we love dies? We 
say it is loss that causes us to grieve, and 
that is true enough. But usually it is our 
loss we mean. What we grieve over is 
ourselves and the sense of lostness and 
helplessness and loneliness that we feel. 
In a way, it is our own death we are 
mourning, that ultimate separation from 
everything and everyone we have loved. 


rhat about our Lord's disciples? How 
did they react when the one they loved 
had died? There is but one brief mention 
of their grief recorded in Mark 16: 10. 
But this was not the normal kind of 
grieving. Jewish custom of the time 
called for ritual mourning immediately 
after the death, on the way to the burial, 
at the place of entombment, and for at 

least seven days afterwards. Such rituals; 
were not possible for those who loved 
Jesus. He had died as a criminal, and his 
tomb was surrounded by a Roman guard 

The Gospels of IVIark and Matthew 
record that angels instructed the women 
who found the empty tomb to tell the 
disciples that the risen Lord would 
appear to them in Galilee. Why did the 
disciples go to Galilee? Perhaps they 
were so numb from all that had hap- 
pened in the previous few days that they 
simply obeyed the message without 
thinking. It's also possible the disciples '. 
were so filled with joy at the women's 
words that they left for Galilee in a burs, 
of excitement. But I rather doubt it. 

Most likely they dismissed the 
women's story as wishful thinking. Luk* 
tells us that the men regarded what the 
women told them as "an idle tale." 
Mark gives us the disciples' response to^ 
the women's report with the succinct 
comment: "They did not believe it." 
Still, there was nothing better to do. 
Why not leave this wretched Jerusalem, 
this hellhole of a city that had swallowi 
up their master and all their dreams 
along with him? Go back to Galilee. Gd 
back home. And try to forget. 

So they went. And if in their going i 
they carried deep in their hearts the seecj 
of an incredible hope, there was some- 
thing else they carried with them— fear. 
For, as Edmund Steimle has noted in 
Preaching the Story, when the disciples 
buried their Lord's body in the tomb, 
"they buried not only their hopes and 
dreams and all the promises he had helc^ 
out to them, all the love and care he hac^ 
shown, all his concern for the unlovely j 
and downtrodden; they also buried 
"their shoddy faith, their shabby 
quarrels as to who was greatest in the j 
kingdom, all the petty jealousies . . . thf! 

1 .5SS 

22 Messenger March 1991 


igly scenes of denial and betrayal— all 
his was buried with him too. ..." 
If Jesus was alive, then all their 
ailings were alive as well! And if the 
lisciples went to Galilee in hope of 
ineeting their risen Lord, they went also 
vith the opposite hope that the whole 
hing would just go away— the broken 
Ireams, the vivid memories, the haunt- 
ng awareness of their own failures. Let 
hem all die as he had died. 

It's easy for us to fault such a lack of 
courage in the disciples. Easy, but 
dishonest. For the truth is that you and I 
resist the resurrection much the same as 
they did. We prefer selective amnesia 
over resurrection. We'd rather pretend 
that the pain of past disappointments and 
betrayals and failures never happened. 
We don't want to relive all that, thank 
you just the same. If the Lord is really 
risen, Peter must look into the face of 

the one he had denied three times. If the 
resurrection really did happen, then you 
and I must face the truth of our own 
denials and cowardice, we must deal 
with the painful reality of judgment. 

Maybe it isn't mostly doubt that 
makes so many people resist the resur- 
rection; maybe it's mostly fear. Few of 
us like to be reminded of our mistakes, 
our faulty judgment, our sin. We prefer 
to say, "What's done is done," "Let 

Maiy at the Tomb." by Paul Grout 

March 1991 Messenger 23 

sleeping dogs lie," "That's water over 
the dam." Resurrection means we can't 
say that anymore. A risen Lord means 
we must meet him again with all the 
dark places of our living exposed to his 
relentless light. 

And so Simon Peter said, "I am going 
fishing." Can we blame him? Going 
fishing, for Peter, was a way of going 
back to the way life had been before the 
man from Nazareth had said, "Follow 
me." Back to the way life was before he 
believed Jesus was the promised messiah 
. . . and before his promise to Jesus, "I 
will die with you," had been revealed as 
pathetically empty boasting. 

"I am going fishing," said Peter. And 
we say it with him whenever the flimsy 
structure of our own lives threatens to 
come crashing down around our ears. 
It's what we say whenever we want to 
make ourselves forget that every 
precious thing we've ever known has 
been shattered, one way or the other. We 
say, "I am going shopping," or "I am 
going to the office," or "I am going out 
to mow the lawn," in the hope that the 
old routines will absorb our sorrow, our 
fear, our memories of failure. 

Oo Peter goes fishing, and the others 
go with him. They fish all night and 
catch nothing. Not that it matters. It isn't 
fish they want, it is the fishing. But then, 
just as dawn is about to break, they see a 
man standing on the beach. It is the 
Lord, and after they struggle to shore, he 
gives them bread and fish to eat. And he 
is restored to them. 

Then he turns to face Peter, and the 
disciple learns what resurrection means. 
Three times Jesus asks him, "Do you 
love me?" Three times Peter says, 
"Yes, Lord, you know that I love you." 
Three times, as many times as Peter had 
denied his Lord. Peter learns that resur- 

rection means confronting his failures 
and fears. But he learns that it also 
means those failures and fears need not 
be the last word. The last word is for- 
giveness, new life. Resurrection means 
that grief and fear give way to joy. 

That is what Easter is all about. And it 
is even the barest hint of this joy that 
brings out the crowds on Easter. Many 
who find themselves in church aren't 
sure themselves why they are there. 
They may think they've come because 
somebody in the family wanted them to. 
Maybe they come because it seems like 
a nice thing to do. But underneath it all, 
I think what gets them there is an unarti- 
culated yearning to believe that Easter is 
more than just a nice story with a happy 
ending, more than a rite of spring. 

A few years ago I found myself 
driving to a retirement home for a visit I 
dreaded. My mother, whose mental state 
had been gradually declining because of 
Alzheimer's disease, had suddenly 
begun to slip rapidly. I knew she would 
be in a different building now, one 
designed for people whose physical and 
mental states made it impossible for 
them to care for themselves. For some 
reason, I decided to swing by the house 
where I had spent most of my youth. It 
was a crisp morning, with one of those 
achingly bright blue skies one knows 
will soon enough give way to the 
chilling rains of November. 

1 got out of the car and walked around. 
The feed mill where my father had 
worked for 25 years of his life was doing 
a booming business. The sycamore tree 
he had planted 10 years before his death 
had grown tall and thick-trunked. I 
wanted to look at more, but I couldn't 
see because the tears I thought had all 
been shed years before now flooded my 
eyes. Why was I crying? For all the 
reasons people cry, I guess. And because 
I knew somehow that in a few months. 

Mother would no longer be able to 
recognize any of us anymore. I wept 
because I was beginning to know what 
it's like to be the last generation. I wept 
because . . . when someone you love 
dies, you grieve. 


• ut out of such a time, and others like 
it, there is something being offered— 
beyond the grieving— if only we can 
receive it. It's a gift called resurrection, 
and the giver is God. 

You may tell me I'm kidding myself 
to say I look forward to a time, beyond 
time, when my mother will know us 
again, when I will once again see and 
hear her laugh the way she used to, when 
I will feel again the scrape of my 
father's five-o'clock-shadow whiskers 
on my cheek. You might call it self- 
delusion, or religious sentimentality, or 
wishful thinking. And you could be right 
about that. 

And you might object that things such 
as laughter and the touch of one cheek 
on another are too earthly, not spiritual 
enough for sound theology. And this too 
may be so. But I take comfort in the 
Gospel's account of the risen Jesus doing 
earthy things, such as having a fish fry 
on the seashore for his friends. And I 
remember with joy how Jesus enabled 
Peter to deal redemptively with the 
betrayal that could have destroyed that 

Resurrection faith isn't something we 
get because we are good or smart or 
deserving. It's a gift given for no earthly 
reason, no reason at all, except that 
which abides in the heart of the God whc 
loves us. And that's reason 


Kenneth L. Gibhle is co-pastor of the Arlington 
(Va.) Church of the Brethren and promotion 
consultant for Messenger. 

24 Messenger March 1 99 1 

Chasing after sinners 

by James Benedict 

I'll never forget the day I found out my 
father was once a cheerleader. 

I was a teenager in my family in Iowa 
when I made my discovery. Somehow a 
conversation about school cheers got 
started. It was not a topic I figured my 
father would even be interested in. My 
brothers and I were taking turns reciting 
our favorite cheers, when Dad, who was 
on the edge of the conversation, chimed 
in, "How about this one? 

One. tv,'o, three, four, five, six, 

All good players go to heaven. 

When they get there, they scream 
and yell, 

'All bad players go to ... .' 

Rickety-rackety russ. 
We' re not allowed to cuss. 
But, nevertheless, we must 

There' s no one better than MHS." 

My brothers and I looked at each other 
in stunned silence. Finally somebody 
asked, "Dad, how do you remember that 
cheer after so many years?" 

"Well, I was a cheerleader," he said, 
as if it were obvious. 

My mouth dropped open. I hadn't ever 
considered even the possibility that a 
male could be a cheerleader. My image 
of a cheerleader was a pretty, bouncy 
young female in a bright sweater, a short 
pleated skirt and saddle oxford shoes. I 
can't describe the pictures that flashed 

through my mind— my father a cheer- 

Every once in a while you find out 
something about someone that makes 
you re-evaluate everything you thought 
you knew about that person. Jesus, as he 
is presented in the Gospels, seemed to 
have a way of saying things that struck 
the religious leaders of his day in just 
about the same way that I was struck by 
finding out my dad was once a cheer- 

Jesus described God in ways that 
dumbfounded the scribes and Pharisees. 
In fact, I imagine that Jesus' ways of 
describing God dumbfounded just about 
everybody. Jesus seemed to turn the 
universe upside down. People could not 
take Jesus seriously without needing to 
re-evaluate everything they thought they 
knew about God. 

Jesus did this best with his parables. 
Take the parable of the prodigal son, in 
which (everyone realized) the father 
represented God. The story is full of 
elements that shocked the audience. 

The first is that the younger son would 
dare to ask for his inheritance. Such a 
request was unthinkable in that culture. 
(For that matter, try to imagine it in 
ours!) It was like saying, "Dad, I wish 
you were dead. All I really want is your 

The second element that shocked the 
audience was that the father said, 
"Yes." What kind of a father would go 
for a deal like that? Why give anything 

March 1991 Messenger 25 

to such a disrespectful child? 

But the element that absolutely 
floored the audience comes near the end 
of the story, when the boy has come to 
his senses after wasting his inheritance 
on riotous living and is on his way 
home. The audience probably thought 
this story finally was turning out right. 
This no-good boy has suffered and 
learned his lesson. Now, if he's lucky, 
his father will give him a good stem 
lecture and allow him to work as a day 
laborer on the family farm. A day 
laborer was lower than a slave in many 
respects, and that is what the boy 


^et, just as everything seemed to be 
beginning to make sense, Jesus' story 
took a turn that flabbergasted everybody. 
The father, seeing this no-good son 
coming up the lane, gets up, runs to 
meet him and smothers him with kisses. 

He runs! Mature gentlemen did not 
run in those days. Running was consid- 
ered highly undignified. And to run to 
embrace a bad person— unthinkable! And 
to top it all off, this old man represented 
God! This was God making a fool of 
himself to go embrace a sinner! Shock- 
ing indeed! 

The two parables that come before the 
prodigal son were shocking in a similar 
way. Jesus was accused by the religious 
folks, the good people, of spending too 
much time with bad people— tax collec- 
tors and other kinds of sinners. Hearing 
the complaints, Jesus responded with 
two brief stories. The first is about a 
shepherd whose flock numbers 100. If 
one is lost, Jesus asked, won't the 
shepherd leave the 99 to find the one? 
And won't he and all his friends rejoice 
when that one is found? 

The good people knew what he meant. 
God as a shepherd of the people was a 
traditional image (Psalm 23, Ezekiel 34). 
The lost sheep was a sinner and the 

26 Messenger March 1991 

shepherd was God. 

Then Jesus told a parable about a 
woman who lost one of 10 coins. Most 
likely these coins were those arranged on 
a chain that were the equivalent of a 
modem woman's wedding ring. The 
woman would search and search for it. 
And how she would celebrate— she and 
all her friends— when she found it. It is 
obviously the same story and Jesus' 
audience got the point. 

But they were scandalized. The story 
suggests that God goes out searching for 
sinners. They ought to look for God! 
They know where to find God. Anyone 
can point them to the temple. They can 
find out what the Scriptures say if they 
want. Why should God go out looking 
for them? If they're interested, let them 
do the looking. 

That was the attitude of Jesus' 
audience. As they saw it, it didn't suit 
God's dignity or glory or holiness to be 
out looking for sinners, especially not in 
order to forgive and bless them. 

That is too often our attitude, too. 
Frederick Buechner has said, "One of 
the blunders religious people are par- 
ticularly fond of making is the attempt to 
be more spiritual than God." What he 
means is that we have this high and holy 
image of God and it is hard for us to 
imagine that God wants to be involved 
in the world in the way that God appar- 
ently does want to be. 

George MacCleod offers a good 
thought when he reminds us, "Jesus was 
not crucified in a cathedral between two 
candles, but on a cross between two 
thieves; on the town garbage heap; on a 
crossroad so cosmopolitan that they had 
to write his title in Hebrew and Latin 
and in Greek (or shall we say in English, 
in Bantu, and in Afrikaans?); at the kind 
of place where cynics talk smut and 
thieves curse and soldiers gamble. That 
is where he died and that is what he died 
about. And that is where churchmen 
should be and what churchmen should 

be about." 

But if the tmth were told, it would be 
that as often as not we religious folks 
would like to keep God out of certain 
kinds of neighborhoods and away from 
certain kinds of people. We would like 
to get God to move out of the wrong pa 
of town, away from sinners, into a 
resplendent temple, or into a fine 
cathedral, or a fine new suburban 
Brethren church where all we good 
people could come and worship. 

But God will not be moved. As 
shocking as it may be to us, God has 
decided to chase after sinners in the 
wrong part of town. God has decided to 
go looking for people who don't deservi 
to find God. As the author of the letter c 
1 Timothy puts it, God is even interest© 
in "the worst of sinners." 

So the decision is up to us. We will 
have to re-evaluate some of the things 
we thought we knew about God. And if 
we discover, to our surprise, that God 
really is interested in folks we might cal 
"sinners," we will have to decide if we 
are going to be interested in those 
"sinners." If God wants to be over then 
on the wrong side of the tracks, we will 
have to decide if we are going over thert 
on the wrong side of the tracks. Do we 
want to be with God? 

Xhis is what it means to be tmly "in 
mission"— to be among the people that 
Jesus showed us God was interested in. 
To reach out, beyond the safety of our 
own circle, to others who need God. It 
means further involvement in prison 
ministries, among the urban poor, and in 
the developing world. It also means 
more intentional outreach to the "sin- 
ners" in our own neighborhoods. 

It's frightening and it's risky. 
But it is our calling. 


James Benedict is pastor of the New Enterprise 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren. 


k ckmti 


by Paul E. R. Mundey Staying put 

happening in many congre- 
gations—a tendency to grasp 

"The Church Alive" is an 
evangelism column that appears 
three limes a war. 

In the late 1950s the digital 

too tightly what worked at 

watch was presented to the 

one time in history, but does 

leaders of the Swiss watch 

not work today. 

industry. They rejected it 

For "turn-around" to 

because they 

knew that they 

occur, congregations need to 

had the best watch already. 

abandon some of the old- 

The man who offered them 

reaching for the new, which 

the watch sold the idea to 

is yet to be. The future is 


bright for congregations "in 

In 1940 the Swiss watch 

touch with the times "-eager 

industry employed 80,000 

for the new thing that God 

people. Today they employ 

longs to bring forth. 

18,000. In 1940, 80 percent 

of the watches sold in the 

world came 
land. Today, 

Tom Switzer- 
80 percent of 

'Bright Spots' 

the watches 

are digital. 

On your local radio station. 

This is a parable of what is 

air 60-second spot announce- 

Reasons Families Join Churches 

n ChecK. 
below t 
your de 



A friendly 

A church's 


111 the reasons listed 
hal entered Into 
cision for Joining 

■ Of all the reasons you 

joined your current church, 
whlcti would you say Is the 
main reason you joined? 

1 7Q-/. 

1 35% 





1 ■;■;% 



H^^H 1 6% 




The church's 




1 '*■•«»«■ 


Invited me 

L 1 2go/^ 


Visit by the 

I 1 10% 



L|_ lin-/. 
■ 6% 

ments that are friendly, 
positive, and directed toward 
"everyday living" themes. 

Sign up for Radio Bright 
Spots by contacting the Net 
Resources Center at 1 (800) 
638-3463. You will receive 
260 different scripts a year- 
enough for five days a week, 
52 weeks a year. 

Congregations have 
reported these benefits from 
using the 60-second spots: 

• They attract visitors. 

• They raise the visibility 
of the congregation in the 

• They provide an identity 
in the community for the 

• They multiply the 
number of ministry opportu- 
nities for the congregation, 
as unchurched people 
approach Bright Spots 
churches for assistance. 

Wliy visitors stay 

A widely circulated research 
finding reveals that between 
80 and 85 percent of all new 
people come to a church 
because of being invited by a 
friend, relative, or loved one. 
But why do they stay . . . and 
eventually join? 

A research study done 
recently by Group magazine 
sheds light on this question 
—at least for families with 
children. The top three 
reasons cited were preach- 
ing, youth ministry, and 
a friendly atmosphere. 


Paul E. R. Mundey is the General 
Board's stajffor evangelism. 

March 1991 Messenger 27 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

I hate volleyball. 

And it has nothing to do 
with not being good at it. I'm 
a lousy bowler, for example, 
but I always have fun bowl- 
ing. When it comes to run- 
ning I'm more tortoise than 
hare, but jogging is an 
activity I have appreciated 
and practiced for many years 
now. So I'm persuaded there 
is no correlation between my 
level of skill and my enjoy- 
ment barometer. With 
volleyball there is an inter- 
vening variable. 

In volleyball I am inevita- 
bly assigned to a team that 
has at least one member who 
really likes to win. And it 
doesn't take this person long 
to figure out that I'm not 
good at volleying. Before 
you know it, this teammate 
is sticking to me like Velcro. 

Then my assertiveness 
skills exit, my reason 
evaporates, my feet turn to 
cement, my arms become 
lead, and my brain is like 
cotton. In no time my 
"rescuer" and I are into an 
ineffective, dysfunctional 
relationship characterized by 
dependency, resentment, and 
lop-sided responsibility. 

And you know what? Our 
team nearly always loses: 
One person cannot consis- 
tently be in two places at 
once, and one player cannot 
indefinitely carry the weight 
of two. Sooner or later the 
rescuer slips up, or wears 
out, or breaks down. Then 
we not only have lost the 
game; we're angry, resentful, 
and blaming as well. 

The same situation has 
been observed repeatedly in 
families, and defined by the 
addictions treatment field as 
"enabling." In a family 
system, the role of "ena- 
bler" is the one who helps 
{enables) a sick person to 

stay sick. Or to lift it out of 
the disease model and 
describe in operational 
terms, an "enabler" neutral- 
izes all motivation for a 
person with a problem to 
change by constantly rescu- 
ing that person from the 
natural, if unpleasant, conse- 
quences of his behavior. 

In a chemically dependent 
family the "enabler" is the 
person who repeatedly "calls 
in sick" for a spouse who is 
experiencing physical illness 
as a result of excessive 
drinking. Or the parent who 
intervenes on behalf of off- 
spring who are suffering the 
logical consequences of 
substance abuse— by bailing 
them out of jail, or loaning 
them money when they have 
repeatedly mismanaged their 
finances. In such situations 
the relationships become 
progressively dysfunctional 
and mutually dependent. 

Although these roles are 
more glaring and rigid in 
chemically dependent, bio- 
logical families, similar 
dynamics have been ob- 
served in many organizations 
including the workplace and 
the church. Dysfunction 
comes in many shapes and 
sizes, and unfortunately has 
many aliases. Especially in 
the church context, where we 
diligently strive to "do unto 
others" and to "turn the 
other cheek," it is all too 
easy for "enabling" to 
masquerade as virtues . . . 
virtues such as: 

Support: However, true 
support will uphold construc- 
tive behaviors while allow- 
ing destructive behaviors to 
collapse. In contrast, ena- 
bling cultivates the sickness 
at the expense of the health. 

Help: The difference here 
is that genuine help encour- 
ages one to outgrow the 

helper. "Help" that is 
enabling fosters dependence. 

Forgiveness: In order for 
forgiveness to be forgiveness 
it must never diminish the 
damage. We make a mock- 
ery of Christ's sacrifice and 
atonement if we do not 
acknowledge the magnitude 
of our transgression. Ena- 
bling has no common ground 
with forgiveness, for 
enabling pretends no harm 
has been done and refuses to 
admit, let alone address, the 
problem. Enabling overlooks 
the problem, lets it slide, 
shrugs it off. 

Are you wondering 
whether or not you are 
"enabling" someone? Here 
are some checkpoints: 

If your person-with-a- 
problem is aware of it, 
working on it, and showing 
improvement, it is unlikely 
that you are enabling. 

Are you talking about it? W 
you are covering up and 
keeping secrets, consider it a 
sign of enabling. 

If your actions help your 
accept responsibility for his 
behavior, then it is not 
enabling. An enabler's 
"help" provides infinite 
excuses to blame others. 

My volleyball illustration 
is not a perfect parallel 
because in a game like that 
the problem is obvious and 
easily corrected (compara- 
tively speaking). In people 
systems, however, enabling 
is more subtle, enmeshed, 
and debilitating. But one 
similarity that does hold 
true: As long as enabling 
continues, everyone rJjT' 
loses. tZr! 


Robin Wentworth App. of , 

Nappanee, Ind.. is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren. Etna Green. Ind. i 


28 Messenger March 1 99 1 


by Terry Hatfield 

We Brethren can no longer think in provincial 

terms. From Lititz to La Verne, from Flint to 

Falfurrias,from Seattle to San Juan, we have 

become part of the global community. 

"The year 2000 is not just a new century 
but a religious experience. ..." Accord- 
ing to John Naisbitt, in Megatrends 
2000, "the 1990s present a new world 
view. It will be a decade like none that 
has come before. ..." 

Naisbitt goes on: "The year 2000 is 
operating like a powerful magnet on hu- 
manity, reaching down into the 1990s 
and intensifying the decade." 

I have identified, with Naisbitt's 
counsel, some "Omegatrends" related 
to the Church of the Brethren that might 
mark the path to "The End" and usher 
in the Alpha of the 21st century or signal 
the reign of God. 

Omegatrend: Life will get better for 
most of us. 

The ability to care for ourselves and 
our families will improve in the 1990s. 
We will have more disposable income. 

We will be able to choose, vote, and 
invest with our money in more of what 
we consider is important. Stewardship 
will have its greatest potential for human 
good in history. We will give to Christ 
and the church in unprecedented ways or 
succumb to the poverty of secular 

Omegatrend: The poor will be with us. 

However, economic justice will have 
its greatest opportunity in human history. 
Capitalism and socialism both have 
shown their shortcomings. The world 
arena for economic justice in this decade 
will be an emerging democratic capital- 
ism. Perhaps the church's most effective 
response to the world's poor will be to 
educate and train persons to find a place 
in the first truly global economy. 
Traditional welfare approaches will 
create dependencies and increase the gap 

between the rich and the poor. 

On the US domestic scene, poverty 
and the erosion of the family are directly 
related. Ninety-four percent of married 
couples are not in poverty. Single 
parents and their children represent the 
largest impoverished group. 

The church's greatest contribution will 
be to help create healthy families, teach 
values that honor covenant, and provide 
an atmosphere of support and healing to 
hurting marriages and dysfunctional 

Omegatrend: Our identity as a historic 
peace church will become less impor- 

The message of the futility of war has 
been heard and experienced. Superpower 
governments know it, and most major 
denominations have incorporated "a 
peace position" into their global 

March 1991 Messenger 29 

perspective. Despite the current situation 
in the Persian Gulf, I believe that the last 
world war has already been fought, save 
the unpredictable and ever-present 
possibility of Armageddon. 

War on a regional scale will continue. 
Our vigilance for peace will need to be 
keen. But the world will look for a 
"restoric" peace church, a church that 
will help restore God's intended peace 
for the soul, the person, and the family. 
It will look to a church that is not 
historic in its peace position, but rather 
one that in the present visibly lives 
peace out in its congregational life and 
in the daily walk of its disciples. 

Omegatrend: Our foreign missionary 
activity will follow the trade routes. 

Just as Corinth became a key port for 
distributing goods and the gospel, so will 
the rise of Asia and Eastern European 
economies become a trade route to 
missionary activity. We can ill afford 
traditional imperialistic missionary 
efforts— neither their moral or cultural 
destructiveness nor their bottomline 
dollar cost. 

In Asia, indigenous Church of the 
Brethren congregations in South Korea 
will provide an opportunity to carry the 
gospel to Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, 
Malaysia, and Singapore. These national 
churches will provide the training and 
financial base for churches in China, 
North Korea, Manchuria, Vietnam, and 
the Philippines. 

Omegatrend: The simple "gospel 
truth" will become more appealing. 

The glut of information continues to 
overload computers, billions of reams of 
paper, and the human mind. The com- 
plexity of choices that stifles decision- 
making and discourages commitment is 
creating a hunger for a clear, simple (but 
not simplistic) understanding of the 
purpose and meaning of life. 

30 Messenger March 1 99 1 

Omegatrend: The church's aging and 
leadership concerns will be relieved by 
ethnics and women. 

The "melting pot" may be an Ameri- 
can myth, but its results are not. The 
influx of ethnic groups and immigrants 
into a culture (and the church) decreases 
the average age of the culture and brings 
in that ethnic group's "brightest and 

Just over 39 percent of the 14.2 
million executive, administrative, and 
management jobs are held by women. 
Women may, in fact, be better socialized 
for the relational teamwork and self- 
management skills needed by leadership 
in the '90s. The church has vast leader- 
ship resources in women and new ethnic 

Omegatrend: The focus on the individ- 
ual versus the collective will increase. 

From the dismantling of the collective 
farm system in China and the Soviet 
Union to the blossoming of personal 
freedoms in Eastern Europe, individual- 
ism will continue to rise. The individ- 
ual's need will become the focus of 
successful marketing in business and 
compassionate response in religion. 

However, true community will be 
embraced as a necessary part of the 
individual faith journey. Churches must 
recognize that the personal relationship 
of their individual members with Jesus 
Christ as Savior and Lord is paramount 
to their corporate life and mission. 

Omegatrend: Worship will become 
more visual. 

The renaissance in the arts and the 
emergence of the first adult generation 
that does not remember life without 
television, computers, sophisticated 
stereo sound, and a culturally indigenous 
rock music will change the ways the 
church expresses its adoration to an 

awesome and wonderful God. Contem- i 
porary music, drama, video clips, dance, 
symbols, and works of art will mark the 
worship services of alive missional 
churches. I 

Omegatrend: A great new revival will 

The signs of revival are all around us. i 
The interest in spirituality is growing in ; 
most cultures and in most religions. 
Revival will renew the church where the 
Spirit of God is not thwarted by human 

The Church of the Brethren and other 
mainline churches need to acknowledge 
the huge moderate evangelical core in 
their membership calling for a return to 
the centrality of Jesus Christ as the only 
biblically offered basis for salvation, the 
teaching of the Scriptures, the preem- 
inence of evangelism in the purposes of 
the church, and the proclamation of the 
gospel as central to social action and 
service. Likewise, individual spirituality' 
and human emotion must be celebrated 
as a part of the Christian experience. 

So much for the "Omegatrends." 
What does all of this have to do with the 
Church of the Brethren? Most of it 
seems so global. 

That is absolutely right. We can no 
longer think in provincial terms. From 
Lititz to La Verne, from Flint to Falfur- 
rias, from Seattle to San Juan, we have 
become a part of the global community. 
We are no longer able to hang on to a 
single cultural norm to make decisions, 
define mission, and risk internal change.; 
Jesus Christ is presenting himself in 
proportions we cannot ignore— King of 
Kings, Lord of Lords, Master of the 
Millennium. Let us respond in propor- 
tions that bring honor to his 



Terry Hatfield, of South Bend. Ind., is executive 
for Northern Indiana District of the Church of the 

A canvas 
of suffering 

! by William 


Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. 

For the past 25 years, Chaim 
Potok has written insightful 
and provocative novels of 
Jewish life in America. 
Though his stories are 
diverse in subject matter, 
there is an integrating theme 
that unites his work: the 
tension between the distinct- 
iveness of being Jewish and 
the intrusions that a plural- 
istic society brings upon it. 

This is particularly evident 
in Potok's recent novel. The 
Gift ofAsher Lev, a sequel to 
his critically acclaimed My 
Name is Asher Lev, first 
published in 1972. Reading 
them in order will help you 
understand the allusions, 
character development, and 
story line in the sequel. 

In The Gift ofAsher Lev, 
this tension is portrayed in 
the life of Asher Lev, an 
observant Hasidic Jew who 
is a remarkably gifted and 
controversial world-famous 
artist. Early in the story, this 
tension is poignantly 
expressed in a comment 
Asher makes to his wife, 
Devorah: "When I paint, I 
think of the truth of the 
painting, I try never to think 
of the consequences." It is 
this world view and passion 
that creates and sustains the 
interweaving conflicts in 
Asher's Ladover Hasidic 
community, his family, the 
secular art world, and, most 
painfully, himself. 

The Gift of Asher Lev 
begins with Asher's return 
home to Brooklyn for the 
funeral of his Uncle 
Yitzchok Lev. There the 
Rebbe (a spiritual leader), 

while praising the dead man, 
offers Asher this riddle: 
"Three will save us, the 
third is our future." The 
riddle resonates throughout 
the story to its conclusion, 
when Asher comes to 
understand what his gift as 
an artist really is. 

The story of Yitzchok 
(who has a puzzling art 
collection) is interwoven into 
Asher's so that the issues 
regarding secular art, its 
value and purpose, and the 
obligations of the individual 
to one's personal integrity, 
family, and the faith 
community are drawn out 
in a matrix of theological, 
ethical, and existential 

As in his other novels, 
Potok creates a thoughtful 
story based on the particular 
experience of Jewish life in 
order to raise questions of 
universal significance. In this 
story, these questions are 
painted on a canvas of 
suffering: To whom is one 
ultimately obligated— self, 
family, or community? What 
is the relationship between 
good and evil? Do good and 
evil exist dualistically, or do 
they co-exist in some 
mysterious way? Can 
humans simultaneously 
possess these qualities? Is 
the world chaotic, ambigu- 
ous, or ordered? Can anyone 
really leave the faith 
community that formed 
them? Should one submit 
one's unique self for the sake 
of family or the faith 

Potok does not provide 

any easy answers to such 
questions. But he does 
provide the anguish. Indeed, 
there is a painful logic in the 
tension between distinction 
and plurality, community 
and individual that drives the 
story to its heart-rending 
conclusion. And the answers 
one may derive from this 
story may be just as haunting 
as the questions raised. 

This is a story for all 
people who value their faith 
communities for their life 
and hope, including us who 
practice our faith in the 
Church of the Brethren. The 
Gift of Asher Lev deserves 
careful reading and reflec- 
tion because it resonates with 
our values of community, 
discipleship, inclusion, and 

Potok provides creative 
insight into the mores and 
theology of Hasidism and the 
philosophy and business of 
art. The story also helps us to 
understand the artists' world 
view in light of such recent 
issues as the obscenity trial 
in Cincinnati over porno- 
graphic art and the political 
wrangling over funding for 
the National Endowment for 
the Arts. 

This is a deeply moving, 
carefully crafted story, 
written in hope for those who 
may not know where they 
are going and especially for 
those who are so sure 
where they are headed. 


William Haldeman-Scarr is co- 
pastor, with his wife. Sara, of the 
Mo.xham Church of the Brethren, in 
Johnstown. Pa. 

March 1991 Messenger 31 

Bring the jubilee 

The December Messenger cover was 
especially good. The texture of the paper 
fitted well with Rosanna Eller McFad- 
den's calligraphy. 

I also liked Wendy McFadden's 
editorial, "It's Time for a Jubilee." I 
will be interested in hearing if such a 
thing as a Brethren "jubilee" Confer- 
ence comes about. 

Marianne Michael 
Iowa City, Iowa 

An issue witli feeling 

I appreciated the December Messenger 
being a "feeling" issue— not so much 

There were four articles that spoke so 
much to me that I have filed them away 
for future reference— "Christmas Means 
We'll Get Picked up." "Brown-eyed 
Angels," "The Irrational Season," and 

Glee Yoder 
Willow Street. Pa. 

Thanks for Stepping Stones 

Thanks for the brand-new column in 
Messenger, "Stepping Stones," by 
Robin Wentworth App (see January, 
page 26; February, page 26; and this 
issue, page 28). It's the best thing you 
have printed in years. I can live with it 
for a long time. 

That last paragraph in the January 
column says it all for me: "So remem- 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

32 Messenger March 1991 

ber, when it comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where the 
stepping stones are." 

Dorothy S. Williams 
Goshen, Ind. 

Some spirited responses 

The Brethren Revival Fellowship 
Committee affirms the direction evident 
in the "Call to Spiritual Renewal" 
initiated at last October's General Board 
meeting (see December, pages 6, 10). 

At the same time, it is deeply con- 
cerned about the heresies in some of 
T. Wayne Rieman's columns in the 1990 
Messengers. The November installment 
says, "God cannot know what has not 
happened or what may happen. If God 
already knows the future or what we will 
do, then we are not free." This is not a 
minor deviation from truth, but a major 
heresy. The committee is saddened by 
such theological nonsense. 

When people are serious and earnest 
about spiritual renewal, they will have a 
strong desire not to grieve the Holy 
Spirit. It is inconsistent to make pious 
calls for Bible study, prayer, and 
worship and then publish material that 
demeans the omniscience of God. 

Messenger and the signers of "A 
Call to Spiritual Renewal" should 
diligently maintain doctrinal integrity 
along with the spiritual disciplines called 
for in the document. 

BRF Committee 
York, Pa. 

The Church of the Brethren is declining 
in numbers (see December, page 7). but 
what gets numbers? 

Do added numbers indicate more 
spirituality (see December, pages 6, 10)? 
Does it prove great skill and dedication 
in reaching more people? Could we do 

Also, what is "spiritual"? In counsel- 
ing, I pray, "May your will be done, and 
the Holy Spirit guide." Then I check the 
counselee's godliness in personal 
relations. Would we be more spiritual if 
we shook or fell on the floor? Would we 

be better to see flashes and hear bells? 

Do growing groups grow without 
taking to the streets and going on the 
air? If the Church of the Brethren does 
that, what is to be our message? Must wt 
first get it? Would a modem Jonah know 
where a message is needed today? 

I know what he might say. 

Roy Whit 
Citronelle, Ala 

The movement of God's spirit amid the 
statistics in the General Board report 
(see December, page 6), is an inspira- 

The need for church renewal is 
critical. The responsive chord struck in 
the General Board could mark a turning 
point in Church of the Brethren history. 
The board is to be commended for 
stopping its meeting for this focus. 

The idea of a denominationwide focus 
on prayer, Bible study, fasting, and 
worship returns us to our Brethren roots 
As our history reflects, these disciplines 
are in our origin. 

David S. Youn 
West Chester, Pi 

The nub of the matter i 

Why do Church of the Brethren pastors ' 
leave? (See January, page 12.) Many * 
pastors leave because they are not filled 
with the Holy Spirit or do not have a 
personal relationship with our Lord, 
Jesus Christ. They go searching for 
something they think will be more 

For years the Church of the Brethren 
has been declining in interest, service, 
and membership. How much attention \i 
given nowadays to the Peace Corps, 
volunteer service, and the Holy Spirit 
Conference? There is little motivation 
for young people to stay with the work 
of the Lord. 

Why is the larger body of the Church 
of the Brethren so apathetic about and 
aloof from the Holy Spirit Conference 
(a Brethren special-interest group now 
known as Brethren Renewal Services- 
Ed.)! At our conferences we are lifted 
up and inspired to work for our Lord. 

et I never see anything about our work 

I used to read Messenger from cover 
cover. Now I just scan it, only reading 
e letters and editorials. We need 
tides of more interest to readers. 

Rosella Miller 
New Lebanon. Ohio 


Pontius' Puddle 

IM THE- BEC^lW^^I^4Cr, 



NOTICE; Church and district newsletters that reprint ' 'Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is oyer 500} for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann, til Carter Road, Goshen. IN 46526. 







eneral Board not trusted 

'endy McFadden's editorial in the 
ovember 1 990 Messenger made sense 
me. Annual Conference more and 
ore has been taking it upon itself to do 
ings that the General Board should be 

But the question not addressed in the 
litorial is "Why?" 
Annual Conference delegates are 
ving such specific instructions to the 
eneral Board because they don't trust 
e board to carry out broader Confer- 
ice directives. 

Some groups in the denomination 
gue that the General Board is selective 
which Conference directives it picks 
) on. Others have gone so far as to say 
at the General Board actually works 
;ainst the will of Annual Conference on 
me issues, such as homosexuality. 
So the trend toward "management by 
lery" is just a symptom of the deeper 
oblem of mistrust. When that mistrust 
allayed, management by query will 

m Don Fitzkee 

'-< Elizabethtown, Pa. 

eiebrate true war heroes 

took personal courage and conviction 
ir Civilian Public Service (CPS) 
orkers to refuse to fight in World War 
, the most popular war in US history 
ee October 1990, 10-21). 
But in reading the article "War 
eroes" (page 15), I could not equate 
PSers' hardships with the supreme 
icrifice of those who gave their lives to 
eserve our democratic system and the 
ght of choice. 
For each conscientious objector (CO), 

Take Hold of 


One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Pictured is Tahnee Carlson, McPherson College freshman, with her 
parents, John and Neva Carlson. 

"A/cP/ierson College offers a positive transition from home to profession. The small campus 
promotes responsibility and growth. We support McPherson because of its commitment to positive 
values. Intentional values in education are critical. " 

— Neva and John Carlson, Ft. Collins, Colorado 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Chiu'ch Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 


Yes, I want to take the 
McPherson CoDege. 




and find 






_ State _ 

_ Zip 

Phone i i. 

. Year of Graduation . 

Send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, P.O. Box 1402, 

McPherson, KS 67460 or 
caUcoUect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on tine 

basis of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability 

March 1991 Messenger 33 

there were counterparts in the armed 
forces who fought and died to preserve 
that CO's right to be a CO and, 50 years 
later, to "celebrate" the CPS experi- 

I hope that the CPS celebrants 
appreciate what was done for them. 

J. A. Kruppenbach 
Lancaster, Texas 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 



—overseas experience 

— management skills & experience 

—at least a Bactieior's degree w/graduate 

training desired 
—demonstrated communication skills 
—willingness to travel 
—commitment to ttie ecumenical ctiurcti 

For furttier information contact; Dale E, 
Minnich, 1461 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, 



—management skills & administrative 

—pastoral experience/theological training 


for furtlier information contact; Donald Rov/e, 
V^Box 188, New Windsor, MD 21776, 

Sell seminary and forget it 

I have a better idea for what to do with 
Bethany Theological Seminary (see 
1990 articles on Bethany's future- 
January, page 5; February, page 19; 
April, pages 7, 14, 17; May, page 35; 
June, page 9; August/September, page 
16; October, page 34): Sell the seminary 
and give the money to a mission 
program that proclaims the gospel to 
save souls. 

My congregation interviewed a 
pastoral candidate who graduated from 
Bethany Seminary and did not believe in 
the virgin birth of Jesus! Another 
candidate said that Bethany doesn't even 
teach belief in the virgin birth ! 
Neither does it teach the inerrancy of 

These two failings of Bethany faculty, 
along with the seminary's position on 
homosexuality, are abominations in the 
Lord's sight. 

We should send our ministerial 
students to a seminary that teaches the 
whole Bible as truth . . . from cover to 


Ron Teubner 
Cando. N.D. 

I\/IESSENGER as connection 

A member of the Onekama (Mich.) 
Church of the Brethren, I moved to Nev 
Mexico to teach for the winter. I 
underestimated how much I would miss 
my church. 

The only Church of the Brethren 
congregations in New Mexico are Clovi 
and Tokahooka'adi— both hours of 
driving from here. 

So when the first Messenger arrived.' 
I grabbed it and read it from cover to 
cover. And I have done the same with 
the others as they have arrived. 

Although I feel God's presence daily, 
I have come to appreciate more than i 
before my Brethren heritage and the pax 
the church has played in my spiritual 
growth. Messenger connects me with 
home— 1,700 miles away. 

I appreciated seeing in the November 
issue (page 3) mention of Richard Ward' | 
my late pastor. He and his wife, Mary, 
were instrumental in bringing me into 
the Church of the Brethren. 

I would appreciate hearing from 
Brethren in New Mexico. 

Nan Nielsi 
Angel Fire, N.A 


WANTED-Looking for ways to put your faith into action? 
Join Brethren Volunteer Service, Challenging service op- 
portunities in 16 countries, 35 US slates, territories need 
you. Call BVS office at (708) 742-51 00 or (800) 323-8039 or 
for more info, write us at 1 451 Dundee Ave,, Elgin, IL 601 20, 

FOR SALE-Commemorative and customized church 
plates, mugs. T-shirts and sportswear made special for your 
church by Brethren family. Use for gifts, fund-raisers. 
Contact Dodd Studios, 2841 Belair Drive, Bowie, MD 2071 5, 
Tel, (301)262-4135, 

FOR SALE-Our Family Books by f^flason: Ziegler Family 
Record (revised), 1990: Va, residents, $33,50; others 
$32.50, Mn Mason and Mary Ann Miller, 1986; Va, resi- 
dents, $32,50; others $31 ,50, Michael Miller of 1692 (in 
process), (lyliller m. 1 Susanna Agnes Bechtol; m. 2 Eliza- 
beth Garber, widow of Nicholas Garber.) For information 
SASE. Write: Floyd R. Mason, 4409 Park Rd„ Alexandria, 
VA 22312, 

SCHOLARSHIP-Baker Peace Scholarship. Competitive 
scholarship available to students interested in pursuing 
concentration in Peace and Conflict Studies, Juniata Col- 
lege. $1 ,000 p/year for four years. Inquire immediately at; 
Baker Peace Institute, Juniata College, Huntingdon, PA 
18852,Tel, (814) 643-4310 ext, 361, 

TRAVEL-Greece, 1991, Join tour host Richard J, Hall 
(pastor, Newport Church, Shen, district) and Or, Donald B, 
Strobe in tour of Greece, Focus on ministry of Paul, Some 
points of interest; Thessalonika, Kavalla, Philippi, Meteora, 

34 Messenger Marcli 1991 

Delphi, Mycenae, Corinth, Athens, Dr, Strobe (professor, 
Jerusalem Center for Biblical Studies) will present seven 
lectures on biblical events and background. Departure; Oct, 
1 6, 1 991 , fr. JFK, Retum; Oct. 25. $1 798 plus $1 25 for fees. 
Early registration discounts available. Inclds. round trip 
airfare, first-class accommodations, much more. For bro- 
chure, contact; Pastor Hall, 421 Fourth Street, Shenan- 
doah, VA 22849. Tel. (703) 652-8029. 

TRAVEL-Annual Conference. A/C coach tour to Annual 
Conference, Portland, Visit Bethany Sem„ Elgin hdqtrs. 
Hear Mormon Tabernacle Choir in Salt Lake City, Return 
rte. via Victoria, Canadian Rockies, Lake Louise. Write J. 
Kenneth Kreider, 1300 Sheatfer Rd, Elizabethtown, PA 

TRAVEL-With a purpose with Wendell and Joan Bohrer to 
Alaska following Annual Conference this year. Beginning 
July 9 in Portland. For information concerning this cruise/ 
tour write; Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow 
Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46217, Tel, (317) 882-5067, 

TRAVEL- You are invited to join Host Wayne F, Geisert, 
President, Bridgewater College, on tour to exotic orient. 
Tour includes Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hong 
Kong (Jul, 8-22, 1991), Departure via San Francisco imme- 
diately following 1991 Annual Conference, Portland, Inclu- 
sive price $3,290 per person (dbl, occupancy) 15-day 
adventure includes American breakfast each day, and one 
special dinner and cultural performance as well as local 
tours in four major cities. Economical air connections to San 
Francisco fr, Portland, Ore,; Washington, D,C,; other points 

can be arranged. For additional info, contact Dr, W, 
Geisert, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812, Ti 
(703) 828-3362; Fax (703) 828-2160; or Ms, Jacque Wo( 
Halpern, Turner Travel, (800) 542-2029, 

SINGLES-Are you lonely? Maybe Crossroads can help yt 
too. Some of the couples who have met their mat( 
through us include a nurse and a minister, a teacher and 
carpenter, and a widow and a farmer. Other clients a 
meeting friends who share their interests. Some are si 
waiting to meet the right one. Perhaps they are lookir 
for you. How will you find out if you don't join? F 
information write to Crossroads, Box 32, N, Tonawand 
NY 14120. 

INVITATION-lf you or someone you love moves to or visi 
Los Angeles, tour Crystal Cathedral and Disneyland b 
worship in exciting church-the Panorama City Church 
the Brethren, 14517 Osborne, near Van Nuys and Nordo 
Panorama City Church has congregations in 4 language 
In English-language congregation (9:30 a,m,) are Korea 
Hispanic, Indian, White and African Americans, Truly urb£ 
church with strong Brethren values. Small and growin 
Contact Wayne Zunkel, 15843 Blackhawk, Granada Hill 
CA91344, Tel, (818)891-2231, 

INVITATION-ln Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Churcl 
of the Brethren for 10 a,m, church school and 11 a.r 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail an 
1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact John and Debb; 
Hammer, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092, Tel. {W 


7 help us compile thisfealure, 
riodically send us a list of new 
embers of your congregation, 
tst give names of new members 
id the congregation. Send to 
ESSENGER. Turning Points. 1451 
mdee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

rcadia, S/C Ind.: Mildred 

;achdale, W. Pa.: Timothy 
Sanner, Diana Sanner, Tina 
Knopsnyder, Harry G. 

radford, S. Ohio: Milte & 
Debbie Erbaugh. Larry & 
Diana Beck, Samuel 
Christophel. Steve & Debbie 
Ganger, Susan Ganger, Mary 
Jane Sargent 

JSh Creek, Mid-Atl.: Joseph 
Jardine, Michelle Jardine, 
Kevin Brunner, Larry, Chris, 
and Mickey Greene. Larry 
Summers. Janeice Summers. 
Gary Weller. Lou Gloyd 

mdo, N. Plains: Tanya Raddohl, 
Travis Shock 

!dar Lake, N. Ind.: Karen 
Farlow. Jim Farlow, Curry 
Harding. Jack Harding, 
Roland Harding. Amanda 
Wells. Jaime Wells, Jim Wells, 
Rozzy Wells 

irist Our Shepherd, S/C Ind.: 
Marsha Anderson, David 
Anderson. Donald, Connie, 
Donald Jr., Jason, Steven. & 
Thomas McQueen 

'erett, M. Pa.: Christopher 
Barley, Fern Rose, Duane 
Bowman, Tiffany Defibaugh, 
Amy England. Barry Han- 
man. Alicia Hunt, Jessica 
Hunt. Brenda Kay Claycomb, 
Richard Morgart, Judy 
Morgan, Mary Ellen Morral 

lirview, Mid-Atl.: Terri Lynn 

lirview, Virlina: Alvin & 
Dorothy Mitchell 

llowship, Mid-Atl.: Lesley 
Mason. Jesse Ruppenthal, 
G. W. Stocker, Crystal, Tanya, 
James Sr., & Doris Shade 

rsl-Rockford. Ill.AVis.: Mark 
Beesley, Sharon Shipp 
Beesley, Edwin Okeson, 
Debbie Ritchey 

■een Tree, Atl. N.E.: Damon 
Grier, Michael & Lori Lantzy, 
Patricia May, Charles & 
Cynthia Mordan, Stephen 
Washko. Sara Stiles 

-eenmount, Shen.: Karen & 
Robby Burke, Linda Buston, 
Ricky Dove, Polly Frye, Lois 
Hisey, Jeremy Houts, 
Shannon Mongold, Jeanette & 
Jennifer Morris 

mover, S. Pa.: Peggy Fiorello, 
Michael Hippensteel, Theresa 
Hippensleel, Maciah Bair, 
Keri Yinger, Mary Wilson, 
Carl Elliott, Nettie Elliott 

y Farms, Virlina: Michael 
Nelson, Elizabeth Nelson, 
Tamra Jones, Jerry Furr, Rita 
Furr, Lenora Richardson 

nnersvilie, Atl. N.E.: Ronald 
MuUins, Brooke MuUins 

Leamersviile, M. Pa.: Agnes Sell 
Smith. Debbie Regets 

Lima, N. Ohio: Diane Crider, 
Renee Looker 

Loon Creek, S/C Ind.: Stacy 
Fouts, Jan Smith 

Midland, Mid-Atl.: Adam 
Coffman, Kyle Wilkison. 
Barbara Wilkison 

Mohler, Atl. N.E.: David 
Sprenkle, Dory Sprenkle 

Nappanee, N. Ind.: Tim Wentz, 
Dan Widmoyer 

New Carlisle, S. Ohio; Dan 
Sprinkle, Wava Davidson, 
Mary Mantel, Doug Shroyer, 
Evelyn Shroyer 

Nokesville, Mid-Atl.: Edwin Neff. 
Kathleen Neff, Deborah 
Edenhan, Rebecca Earhan, 
Saffan Andolsun, Janet 
Graham, Patricia Hall, 
Kimberly Kenner, Keith 
Long, Catherine Long 

Northview, S/C Ind.: John Leinin- 
ger, Delia Gonzalez-Huffman 

Paradise, N. Ohio: Hilda 

Kauffman, Adam Wengerd, 
Bethany Hochstetler, Jessica 
Snyder, Alice Evans. 
Stephanie Evans, Edna Lopez, 
Doyle Rudy 

Pasadena, Pac. S.W.: Jennifer 
Passamano, Sarah Passamano 

Peace Valley, S. Mo./Ark.: Louis 
Jackson, Roger Jackson. Jr., 
Bronwen Madden, Benha 
Miller, Matthew Norsworthy, 
Jane Reno, Jennipher 

Rummel, W. Pa.: Richard Wirick, 
James, Beverly, and Julia 
Huskins. Randy Statler, 
Connie Statler 

Scalp Level, W. Pa.: Christopher 
Fuska, Sabrina Gladis, 
Raymond Crawford, Marcie 
Thomas, Kelly Gordon, Todd 
Shaffer, James Weaver, 
Charlene Weaver, Melissa 
Deyarmin, David Patterson 

Uniontown, W. Pa.: Les & Lois 

Wakarusa, N. Ind.: Brandon 
Tom, Melody Cunningham, 
Lulu Hoffer 

Wakemans Grove, Shen.: 
Jennifer Baker. Dina Fix. 
David Robbins, Valerie 
Robbins, Lisa Wells, Chris 
Lutz, Angela Haycock, Phyllis 
Smith, Kristi Miller 

West Goshen, N. Ind.: Jennifer 
Sherman. Bridget Keil. Abby 
Whirledge, Carol & Jonathon 
Millard, Erma Searls. Nancy 
Elliott, Donald & Emma Mae 
Bates, Lester & Rebecca Fike, 
Kenneth & Leona Holderread, 
Joseph Lidy 

White Oak, Atl. N.E.: Amy 
Becker, Laura Hershey, John 

Woodbury, M. Pa.: Jessica Lyn 
Appleman, Jason Banon, 
Deliah Kennedy 


Bustillo, Luis M., ordained Nov. 
10, 1990, La Mision de Jesiis, 
Pac. S.W. 

Crain, Keith, ordained Sep. 8, 
1990, Mill Creek, S.E. 

Firestone, Reid A., licensed Nov. 
10, 1990, Medina, N. Ohio 

Flecke, John B., licensed Nov. 10, 
1990, Good Shepherd, Mid- 
Atl. ' 

Hironimus, Bertha, ordained Sep. 
22. 1990, Ligonier, W. Pa. 

Kingsbury, Tommy D., licensed 
Nov. 17, 1990, Mount Airy, 

Liggett, Julie, ordained Nov. 3, 
1990, Northern Colorado, W. 

Wiltschek, Walter J. Jr., licensed 
Oct. 18, 1990, York First. S. 


Drumeller, Dick, from other 
denomination to Independ- 
ence, W. Plains 

Herbert, Donna, from other 
denomination to Good 
Shepherd-Bradenton, Atl. S.E. 

Kingsbury, Tommy, from secular 
to Mount Airy, S.E. 

Tijerina, Jacob, from seminary to 
Iglesia Evangelica, N. Ind. 

Wine, Doug, from secular to 
McPherson, W. Plains 


Brubaker, Wayne and Betty, Van 

Buren, Ind.. 50 
Fusselman, Luther and Louise, 

Huntington, Ind., 50 
Heinbaugh, Ray and Feme, Som- 

merset. Pa., 74 
Hochstetler, Richard and Irene, 

Orrville, Ohio, 50 
Kalp, William and Olive, 

Rockwood, Pa.,50 
Power, Leo and Florence, Ollie, 

Iowa, 65 
Reid, Dale and Anna, Danville, 

Va.. 60 
Schrader, Dale and Sylvia, 

Waterloo, Iowa, 65 
Shever, Darrell and Elda, Moville, 

Iowa. 50 
Spradling, Ralph and Pauline, 

Floyd, Va., 50 
Stutzman, Verda and Vernon, 

Johnstown, Pa., 50 
Worthen, George and Agnes, 

Rockford, 111., 60 


Alexander, Rose, 83. Hagerstown, 

Md.. Mar. 7, 1990 
Andrew, Barbara, 42, Brush 

Valley, Pa., Nov. 25, 1990 
Athey, Mae, 95, Boonesboro, 

Md., Mar. 6. 1990 
Bastin, Orpha, 9 1 , West Plains, 

Mo., Oct. 12, 1990 
Blackwell, Leonard W., 84, Chris- 

tiansburg, Va., Nov. 2, 1990 
Bond, Everett A., 83, Kansas City, 

Kan., Aug. 9, 1990 
Bowers, John, 73, Hagerstown, 

Md..Jan. 3, 1990 
Bowman, Rhea W.. 89, Bridge- 
water, Va., Dec, 7, 1990 
Broadwater, Clair, 70, Preston, 

Minn., Dec. 20, 1990 

Brooks, Nelson, 65, Roanoke, 

Va., Dec. 24, 1990 
Brubaker, Ethel, 77, Virden, 111., 

Apr. 2, 1990 
Buchanan, Ruth, 95, Boonesboro, 

Md., Feb. 20. 1990 
Burger, Ruth, 66. Perryton, Tex., 

Nov. 23, 1990 
Burkett, Almeda, 100, Windber, 

Pa, Jan. 29, 1990 
Burkhart, Hannah, 84, Cando, 

N. D., Dec. 3, 1990 
Campbell, Ella, 67, Hagerstown, 

Md., Dec. 13, 1990 
Cartwright, Veva, 88, Cando, 

N. D., May 23, 1990 
Coy, Catherine, 75, York, Pa., 

Dec. 12, 1990 
Crider, Marguerite, 89, Hagers- 
town, Md.. Mar. 13, 1990 
Deaver, John, 73, Riverview, Fla., 

Sep. 18, 1990 
Deibert, Walter, 89, Williamspon, 

Md.,Jun. 5, 1990 
Dell, Miriam, 88, McPherson, 

Kan., Jan. 4, 1991 
Detter, Rachel, 88, La Verne, 

Calif.. Dec. 1, 1990 
Dietz, Galen, 96, Harper Woods, 

Mich., Nov. 21. 1990 
Ecklund, Robert O., 62, Windber, 

Pa., Aug. 26. 1990 
English, Doris, 78, Newport 

News, Va., Nov. 15, 1990 
Faust, Sadie, 93, Windber, Pa., 

Apr. 3, 1990 
Fenstermacher, Cora, 85, Pine 

Grove, Pa., Sep. 20, 1990 
Fitz, Robert J., 91, New Oxford, 

Pa., Oct. 7. 1990 
Flory, Lola M., 94, Lawrence, 

Kan., Nov. 24, 1990 
Francis, John, 50, Elton, Pa., Dec. 

16, 1990 
Garvick, Ruth, 71, East Berlin, 

Pa., Aug. 18, 1990 
Gatton, Thomas, 74, Virden, 111., 

May 4, 1990 
Gearhart, Carole, 28, Hagers- 
town, Md., Sep. 28, 1990 
Gibson, Lois, 79, Keota, Iowa, 

May 8, 1990 
Gilbert, William H., 93, Spindale, 

N. C.Nov. 12, 1990 
Gilland, Kate. 93, Williamsport, 

Md.. May3, 1990 
Glenn, Hazel, 81, Virden, 111., Sep. 

15, 1990 
Gnagey, Vicie, 96, Greenville, 

Ohio, Oct. 11, 1990 
Godfrey, May, 65, York, Pa., Dec. 

11, 1990 
Grove, Nora. 91, North English. 

Iowa, Jun. 8, 1990 
Haller, Arbutus, 91, Hagerstown, 

Md.,Jan. 3. 1990 
Heid, Eldon, 68, Rockford, 111., 

Nov. 6, 1990 
Hershberger, J. Edward, 82, Day- 
ton, Ohio, Nov. 13, 1990 
Hess, Chester B., 93, Strasburg, 

Pa., Oct. 31, 1990 
Hinegardner, Jack. 73, Cando, N. 

D., Nov. 15. 1990 
Hochstetler, Richard, 71, Orrville, 

Ohio, Dec. 18. 1990 
Hogle, Mae M.. 82, Conrad, Iowa, 

Nov. 17, 1990 
HufT, Edna, 74, Middletown, Md., 

Nov. 20, 1990 
Huston, Phyllis. 53, Covina, 

Calif.. Nov. 25, 1990 
Hutzell, Austine, 66, Hagerstown, 

Md.,Jul. 31, 1990 
Hykes, Minnie, 103, Boonesboro, 

Md., Feb. 24, 1990 

James, Woodrow. 78, Pyrmont, 
Ind., Nov. 20. 1990 

Johnston, Marie, 74, McPherson, 
Kan., Dec. 25, 1990 

Kintzel, Alma, 74, Pine Grove, 
Pa., Nov. 15. 1990 

Lahr, Ernest, 87. Huntington, 
Ind., Jul. 8, 1990 

Lawyer, Ferres. 62, Hanover, Pa., 
Oct. 31, 1990 

Lo Prinzi, Charles, 76, Whiting, 
N. J., Sep. 28, 1990 

Long, Erma, 75, Virden, 111., Oct. 
20, 1990 

McAninch, Harold, 58, Union- 
town, Pa., Dec. 18, 1990 

McCary, Joseph, 79, Hanover, 
Pa.," Dec. 5. 1990 

Mikesell, Irene, 86, Greenville, 
Ohio, Oct. 22, 1990 

Myers, Alvin P., 86, Clemmons, 
N. C, Sep. 2. 1990 

Neher, Edna, 89, Topeka, Kan., 
Jan. 3, 1991 

Nelson, Virgil, 85. Newport News, 
Va.. Aug. 3, 1990 

Nieder, Mabel, 93. Lawrence, 
Kan.. Dec. 6. 1990 

Petry, Ann. 70, Akron, Ohio, 
Dec. 9, 1990 

Phibbs. Paul V., 70, Bridgewater, 
Va., Dec. 22, 1990 

Phillips, William H., 76, Windber, 
Pa., Dec. 14, 1990 

Rhinehart, Kenneth, 82, Greens- 
fork, Ind., Nov. 19, 1990 

Rhoades, Chalmer, 84, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Nov. 29, 1990 

Rosalo, Chester, 7 1 , Virden, 111., 
Sep. 19, 1990 

Sawyers, Thelma, 83, Hazel Park, 
Mich, Oct. 11, 1990 

Sexton, John, 70, Yorktown, Ind., 
Nov. 22, 1990 

Shankster, Owen S., 86, Pioneer, 
Ohio, Dec. 3, 1990 

Shever, Darrell, 74, Moville, 
Iowa. Oct. 12. 1990 

Smith, Isabel B. 96, Martinsburg. 
Pa., Nov. 26. 1990 

Sollenberger, Elizabeth, 95, Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa.. Dec. 21, 1990 

Stanley, Lena, 75, Virden, 111., 
Aug. 28, 1990 

Stouffer, Margaret, 87, Williams- 
port, Md., May 24, 1990 

Swesky, Virgie, 80, Dayton, Ohio, 
Nov. 27, 1990 

Taylor, Ruth H., 76, McGaheys- 
ville. Va., Nov. 23, 1990 

Thomas, Frances, 93. Hager- 
stown. Md.. Jan. 1, 1990 

Troutman, Ray, 64, St. Clair, 
Mich., Oct. 8. 1990 

Walter, Effie. 81. Hanover. Pa., 
Oct. 24. 1990 

Wambaugh, Harold. 83, Pine 
Grove, Pa.. Oct. 7. 1990 

Weagley. Jessie, 95. New Oxford, 
Pa., Oct. 29. 1990 

Wentz, Carrie. 96. Johnstown, Pa.. 
Sep. 1, 1990 

Weyant, Benha M., 91, Windber, 
Pa.. Dec. 25. 1990 

White, Jane, 68, Hagerstown, 
Md.. Oct. 29, 1990 

Wilt, Chalma, 56. Norwick. N.Y., 

Dec. 15. 1990 
Wirth, Pauline. 80. Doylestown, 

Ohio, Dec. 23. 1990 
Wright, H. Verl, 94, Greenville, 

Ohio, Oct. 6, 1990 
Wrightsman, Estell, 93, Virden, 
III., Apr. 24. 1990 

March 1991 Messenger 35 

The day the war intruded 

The week the war erapted in the Middle East began 
for us here as it did for many other Brethren across 
the denomination. On the night of January 15 
Elgin's Highland Avenue Church of the Brethren 
was filled for a solemn candlelight service, open to 
the community. Even back in December the church 
had held early-morning prayer vigils while peace 
groups were visiting the Middle East. 

On Wednesday evening, with the war just a 
couple of hours old, we got our first calls from 
Brethren out in the congregations, wanting to know 
what response the General Board staff had to the US 
invasion of Iraq. 

Thursday was a long day for the Communication 
Team as we set aside our usual deadlines and 
concentrated on the war. The day began with the 
General Offices staff and all employees meeting in 
the chapel for a prayer service. Immediately 
following that, the Communication Team met and 
set things in motion to respond to the press and the 
Brethren constituency. 

Quickly we gathered with general secretary 
Donald Miller, World Ministries executive Roger 
Schrock, and peace consultant David Radcliff. We 
decided on a threefold strategy— a news release; a 
letter from Don Miller; and a two-page piece that 
would tell Brethren how to get news, summarize 
various Brethren responses to the war, and offer 
suggestions for individual and congregational 

Everyone then scurried to work stations. Mate- 
rial must be gathered, the pieces written, the printers 
notified of our need, and address labels requested 
from the computer room. 

Don Miller, in his letter to congregations, called 
on Brethren to "witness again to our conviction that 
war is not the answer to this (the war with Iraq) or 
any international dispute." He had visited the 
Middle East in December with 1 8 other top church 
leaders in efforts to pursue peace. In recent days and 
weeks, he had signed several ecumenical appeals to 
President Bush that urged continued dialog and 
other nonviolent efforts to resolve the crisis. 

We hastily assembled news developments (see 
page 7): On the day the war began, Brethren 
Cooperative Disaster Child Care had agreed to a 
State Department request to provide volunteers for a 
center in Fort Lewis, Wash., to care for children of 
military personnel recovering from war injuries. 

For persons from the Middle East displaced by 

36 Messenger March 1991 

war, the US government had made plans for "mass 
service centers" offering transitional care for up to a 
million people. On January 15, Donna Derr, director 
of Brethren Refugee/Disaster Services, had arranged 
with the State Department and the Red Cross to 
render such services as transportation and immigra- 
tion counseling at two of the centers. 

To get up-to-date information on the war and the 
Brethren response. Brethren were instructed to call 
Church of the Brethren "Newsline"-(301) 635- 
8738— for a three-minute recorded news message 
prepared by our Communication Team. Already in 
place was the Church of the Brethren "computer 
bulletin board" (Cobweb), carrying transcriptions of 
the "Newsline" telephone messages, information on 
conscientious objection, updates on Brethren 
responses to the war, and other material related to 
the Middle East crisis. 

Brethren youth and young adults wanting 
information on conscientious objection to war were 
asked to contact the Church of the Brethren peace 
consultant, David Radcliff. 

Brethren Volunteer Service had applied to 
Selective Service to be designated as an employing 
agency for persons doing alternative service in lieu 
of military induction, should the draft resume. 

Other information that we sent to congregations 
included a call to interfaith dialog among Muslims, 
Jews, and Christians; a caution to seek alternative 
news sources to the media usually turned to, in order 
to get a balanced view of the Middle East situation; 
to pray for peace; and to find effective ways to 
publicize the Church of the Brethren peace stance 
(one church already has run a half-page newspaper 
ad, stating a peace message). 


• y the end of the working day on Thursday, our 
news release had been faxed, and our printer had run 
the other pieces. Volunteers would stuff all the 
material into envelopes the next day for mailing. 

On Friday we returned to our neglected dead- 
lines. But our minds were still on the war and our 
hearts were heavy for those with family members in 
the armed forces and for our brothers and sisters in 
the Middle East caught up in a conflict beyond their 
control. Our hope was that we had adequately done 
our part to support Brethren peacemakers who need 
to know what their denomination was doing in 
response to the war.— K.T. 

1991 Youth 

le 1991 youth theme is "Committed for Life, 
eadytoServe."Je$u$ commanded us to serve 
ie mother as part of our faith when he washed 
|e disciples' feet at the Last Supper, 
orkcamps give youth an opportunity to 
]>lore timely issues from a Christian perspecthre 
d put their faith into action. 

le National Youth Office is sponsoring seven workeamps for high school aged youth during the 
mmer of 1991: 

Reynosa, Mexico 

June 8-1S 

Brooklyn, New York 

June 17-23 

Tijuana, Mexico 

June 22-29 

Manchester, Kentucky 

July 14-20 

Putney, Vermont 

July 22-28 

Miami, Florida 


uly 29-Augu$t 4 

Moorefield, IVett Virginia 

Augutt 5-11 


more information contact: 
Rhonda IC Pittman 

1991 Youth Workcamp Coordinator 

1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, IL 60120 


Plan now to attend a youth workcamp this summer. 


O To Christian Ministry 

O To Congregational Leadership 

O To Peacemaking & Service 

O To Provide Financial Support 

O To Study Scripture 

O To Encourage Others 

O To Upbuild the Church of the Brethren 

Dear Friends, 

Bethany has taken a bold new initia- 
tive in response to the leadership needs 
of our denomination. Beginning with 
1991-92, all Church of the Brethren 
M.Div., M.A.Th. and TRIM students will 
be eligible for a fiiU tuition scholarship. 
We trust the new program will: 

a) make a seminary education access- 
ible to all; 

b) encourage persons who have not 
thought of ministry; 

c) keep educational debt manageable. 

We need the support of the church. We need you to call quality per- 
sons to ministry. We need you to financially underwrite this program, 
Please write or call for details regarding this new partnership in minn 
istry training. 

In God's Love, 

John J. Cassel 

Dean of Students 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

OdL, J C^jJ 

Bethany Theological Seminary 



Church of the Brethren April 1991 

'An hour is coming when those 

who kill you will think that by 

doing so they are offering 

worship to God.' 

-John 16:2 


AnisI Jan Lu\ken 

For this history aficionado, putting together the cluster of 
articles (pages 20-33) on Brethren and their faith was a lot of 
fun. I love to run downstairs to the Brethren Historical Library 
and Archives and root through old magazines and books in 
search of source material and graphics to illustrate the stories. 
On this assignment, however, some of the 
graphics were more ""graphic" than I care to see. 
Martyrs Mirror illustrations leave little to the 
imagination. In fact, as I selected those to use 
in Messenger, I was careful to spare the readers 
the more gruesome scenes. 

Who was the artist who etched the 104 
martyrdom scenes that appeared in the 1685 
edition of Martyrs Mirror? 

Jan Luyken (1649-1712) was an important 
Dutch printmaker, much in the tradition of 
Rembrandt, who preceded him. He designed over 
3,000 copper plates to illustrate histories. Bibles, 
and his 1 1 books of religious verse. The fifth 
child of a humble, devout Amsterdam couple, 
Luyken experienced conversion at age 26 and his art thereafter 
reflected his new faith. 

Luyken illustrated more than 500 books in his lifetime and 
spent his final years quietly working in his printmaker's studio, 
living simply, helping the poor, and providing spiritual aid to 
friends and strangers. Of his art, he remarked humbly, "It serves 
me only as a staff to sojourn in the present country." 

As I explain in my foreword for the cluster, on page 20, the 
"Brethren and Their Faith" articles are presented in the hope 
that they will help readers more readily answer those who ask, 
""So, what's different about the Brethren?" 

April 19? 

^IjUlMt^i^ uA(S^ 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Annual Conference preview, photos 
of Portland, and articles on New Church Development. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Karla Boyers 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives; 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; Illinois/Wiscon; 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana, Leoi 
Holderread: South/Central Indiana, Lois E 
Michigan. Marie Willoughby; Mid-Atlant 
Ann Fouts; Missouri, Mary Greim; Mis- 
souri/Southern Arkansas, Mary McGowai 
Norlhem Plains. Pauline Flory; Nonhem 
Ohio. Sherry Sampson; Southern Ohio, 
Shirley Petry; OregonAVashington. 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe?, 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania. Pegg 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. i 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania, Jay Christr; 
Shenandoah. Jerry Brunk; Virlina. Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains. Dean Hummer; ' 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication of thi 

Church of the Brethren. Entered as seconci 

class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 

Congress of Oct. 17. 1917. Filing dale. Nt 

1 , 1 984. Messenger is a 

member of the Associated 

Church Press and a subscribe 

10 Religious News Service ar 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 

udicated, are from the New 



Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates; $12.50 individual I 
rate. $ 1 0.50 church group plan, $ 1 0.50 gi| 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. I 
you move, clip address label and send wiv 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL60I20. AUci, 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Coo' 
mission. Church of the Brethren General j ^^ 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgii j 
III., and at additional mailing office, April 
1 99 1 . Copyright 1 99 1 . Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-035 

POSTMASTER; Send address change 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 






[n Touch 2 
Close to Home 
News 6 
Worldwide 9 
Poetry 18 
!)tepping Stones 
Letters 36 
Pontius' Puddle 
Furning Points 
Editorial 40 




I^over, 30-31, 33: Martyrs Mirror 
I photo: Brotherstone Publishers 
I art: Christopher Raschka 
! top: Richard Gwin 

I top: Alan Brown 

5 right: McPherson College 

): Karen S. Carter 

1: R. Jan Thompson 

'i top, 1 1 top, center; Kermon 

^: Roger Schrock 
10: Photographer's Comer and Framery 

I I bottom, 28, 32: Brethren Historical 
I Library and Archives 

12-13: Pablo Stone 
14-17, 19: Phil Grout 

Pilgrim on a perilous road 10 / 

China's Pastor Yin Ji Zeng clearly is a "survivor," having 
weathered many storms in his journey as a Christian. 
Special Report by Cheryl Cayford. 

Food for the hungry 12 

"Don't send us food," the Los Toros people told the Breth- 
ren. Karla Boyers describes the better gift sent instead. 

A people hungry for the gospel 14 

Photos taken by Phil Grout in the Dominican Republic show 
a people filled with spirituality and inured to hardships. 

A time for prophets and pastors 1 8 

David Radcliff reminds us that we can witness against a war 
and still show compassion toward people caught up in it. 

The faith that saves 20 

Galen Hackman explores James, a book that Brethren 
consider basic to their principle of a faith bonded by works. 

No creed but the New Testament? 24 

Richard B. Gardner says that our popular Brethren slogan 
"No creed but the New Testament" has much to teach us 
about the faith we confess and the way we confess it. 

Truths not so self-evident 26 

Paul W. Keller uses the story of Michael Wohlfahrt and 
Benjamin Franklin to encourage us to hold on to our Brethren 
tradition as "dissenters from certainty." 

Remembering our martyrs 30 

Hated by Protestants and Catholics alike, and bent on 
reforming the church, many early Anabaptists paid for their 
faith the price of martyrdom. Kermon Thomasson reviews a 
perilous chapter in the story of our spiritual forebears. 













Page 30 

April 1991 Messenger 1 

Consider this ant 

James H. Lehman, a 

member of Highland Avenue 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Elgin, 111., has been known 
more than 15 years for his 
scholarly works such as The 
Old Brethren, church school 
curriculum, audiovisuals on 

providing clever illustrations 
that make the reader say, 
"Yes, that's just the way 
■Shaky' must have looked." 

Why a children's book 
from this author? "1 felt the 
children's book industry was 
expanding and would be a 
good place to break in," 
explains Jim, who is his own 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible! to "In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

denominational program, and 
studies on higher education 
and evangelism. Sober and 
serious stuff, and Jim is 
obviously no sluggard. • 

But now he's wised up, * 
having gone to an ant and 
considered its ways. He's 
come out with a children's 
book, called The Saga of 
Shakespeare Pintlewood and 
the Great Silver Fountain 

"Shaky" is no ordinary 
ant. He sees things the way 
little girls and boys do. He 
wants to write stories about 
what he sees. There follows a 
heroic struggle to use a huge 
fountain pen. resulting in 
Shakespeare Pintlewood 
becoming a literary giant. 

Artist Christopher Raschka 
plays A. B. Frost to Jim's 
Joel Chandler Harris, 

publisher— Brotherstone 
Press. Proof that he's serious 
about his new venture, Jim is 

soon to publish a second 
children's book. The Owl and 
the Tuba, also illustrated by 

Christopher Raschka. 

Ants and owls are symbols 
of wisdom. Was it mere 
serendipity that they are the 
heroes of Jim's first two 
books in his children's 
series? Perhaps, but there 
just may be something going 
on here. 

Coming out in the wash 

In our January story on Earl 
Heckman ("Not all Washed 
up"), we erred in saying that 
he had worked through 
Brethren Volunteer Service. 
Points out Eleanor Rowe, 
director of personnel at the 
New Windsor Service Center, 
"In fact Earl did not come to 
New Windsor through BVS 
but by direct negotiation." 

Our apologies. Meanwhile 
Earl is on a new project, 
doing remodeling work at the 
General Offices of the 
denomination, in Elgin, III. 

What earthly good is it? 

Carine Ullom is committed 
to minimizing her impact on 
the earth. While in Germany 
as a Fulbright scholar, this 
member of the Wiley (Colo.) 
Church of the Brethren joined 
Robin Wood, a European 
awareness group working to 
save trees. "I strove to 
understand environmental 
issues," says Carine. "But 
the more I learned, the more 
frustrated I felt." 

Last fall Carine (now a 
student at the University of 
Kansas) joined three other 
concerned persons who had 
decided on Earth Day, April 
22, 1990, to organize a store 
selling environmentally 

2 Messenger April 1991 


Carine Ullom (right) and a partner. Sue Dalton. stock their 
shop shelves with environmentally responsible items. 

responsible items. In Decem- 
ber the Simple Goods 
General Store opened in 

The store offers such 
products as "100 percent 
post-consumer" recycled 
paper, "Earth Lights"— 
energy-saving light bulbs, 
and "transparent cellulose 
food bags" to replace plastic 
freezer storage bags— made of 
plant fiber and 100 percent 
biodegradable. Other "simple 
goods" are cotton shower 
curtains, reclaimed motor oil, 
insulated window coverings, 
reflector shades, and items 
sold in bulk to avoid unneces- 
sary packaging. But the 
"hottest" item of Simple 
Goods is its solar-powered 
battery charger. Just put your 
old batteries in the unit, set it 
in sunlight, and the photo- 
voltaic cells in the unit 
generate the electricity to 
recharge the batteries. 

Community education is 
one of the store's goals. A 
rocking chair in the resource 
center encourages customers 
to sit and read up on environ- 
mental issues. 

The goods are simple and 
so is the concept: Use only 
those things that aren't 
injurious to the environment. 

Let's hope Carine and her 
kind have a maximum impact 
on humanity if not on the 

Centenarian cowboy 

Milton Lohr, of the 

Hooversville (Pa.) Church 
of the Brethren, turns 100 
April 20. His congregation 
will celebrate the event, as it 
did his 99th birthday, when 
the Pennsylvania Senate pre- 
sented him with a citation as 
one who "exemplifies the 

Milton Lohr dandles a great- 
great grandson. 

finest virtues of American 

Milton's most memorable 
experien'ce occurred shortly 
after World War 11, when he 
served as a "sea-going 
cowboy" with Brethren 
Service, caring for heifers 
being shipped to Poland to 
replace animals destroyed in 
the war. The Brethren Service 
workers served through 
UNRRA (United Nations 
Relief and Rehabilitation 


Fritz Eichenberg. print- 
maker and illustrator of 19th- 
century classics, has died at 
age 89. The gentle Quaker 
artist, who emigrated from 

Eichenhero' s "Peaceable Kingdom" 

Germany to the USA in 1933, 
illustrated such works as 
Dostoevski's The Brothers 
KaramazoY. Brethren ap- 
preciated him for his prints 
carrying the theme of peace. 

Names in the news 

Katie Yelinek. an 1 1 -year- 
old member of the Waynes- 
boro (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, had a poem. "Birds 
of Prey," published in the 
February issue of Wildbird 
magazine. It was her first 
published work. 

Sarah Kinsel, a 12-year- 
old member of the Beaver- 

creek (Ohio) Church of the 
Brethren, sent MESSENGER a 
poem she wrote out of 
concern for the killing going 
on in the Middle East War. 
One verse of her poem reads 
"You say this land 
is worth fighting 
But I care about the 
people more." 

Harlan Brooks, of 
Hemdon. Va., has written an 
autobiographical work. Call 
to India. He and his wife. 
Ruth, were Church of the 
Brethren missionaries to 
India, 1924-1960. 

Harry Coffman, a 
member of the Uniontown 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren, 
was named 1990-1991 
"Educator of the Year" by 
the Uniontown Area Cham- 
ber of Commerce Education 
Council. Harr>' has been a 
school principal in Union- 
town for 21 years. 

Lowell Zuck, of St. Louis, 
Mo., has been installed as the 
first United Church professor 
of theology and histor>' at 
Eden Theological Seminary, 
in St. Louis. He has taught at 
Eden since 1955. 

Eloise and Eugene Lichty, 
members of the McPherson 
(Kan.) Church of the Breth- 
ren, have begun a two-year 
stint of Brethren Volunteer 
Service as directors of the 
World Friendship Center in 
Hiroshima. Japan. The center, 
established in 1965, is 
committed to building lasting 
peace based on international 
friendship and to supporting 
the atomic bomb survivors in 
Hiroshima. Starting with 
Brethren Service in Italy in 
1946-1947, the Lichtys have 
been active through the 
years in f>eace, community, 
church, and social justice or- 

April 1991 Messengers 

Kids breaking up stuff 

These kids break up every- 
thing they get their hands on! 

The "King's Kids" 
Sunday school class at 
Parker Ford (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren collected and 
sold 20 tons of glass over the 
past two years, learning the 
recycling habit and earning 

$750 from its work. 

Are the "King's Kids" 
resting on their laurels now? 
No! They are resting, instead, 
on new velour-covered pew 
cushions bought for their 
church with their earnings. 

Over the years, the class 
had used the recycling 
earnings to buy Christmas 
gifts and food baskets for the 

Above: The ' 'King's Kids." Front: Teacher Rose Ella 
Latshaw. David Weaver. Nevin Kramer. Tammy Yeager. Becky 
Romig. Christina Ewing. Back: Joel Romig, Laurel Kramer, 
Kristi Gehris. Michele Ewing, Tim Doering. 

' Close to Home' ' highlights 
neiis of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (Mack and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Freedom singing 

The third annual "Sing Out 
Against Apartheid" was 
sponsored by the Church of 
the Brethren South African 
Network and Synapses, a 
Chicago-based justice and 
spirituality organization. The 
event is held each year on 
Martin Luther King Jr.'s 
birthday and staged outside 
the South Africa Consulate in 

Among the participants 
were the youth choir from 
Chicago First Church of the 
Brethren, Douglas Park 
Church of the Brethren 
members, Chicago-based 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
workers, several Bethany 
Seminary students, and the 
195th Brethren Volunteer 
Service orientation unit. 

Below: Apartheid protesters 
from Douglas Park Church 
of the Brethren Steve 
Aldridge, pastor Jack 
Eairweather, Emily Harris, 
and Carol Aldridge. 

needy, to hold socials for 
senior citizens, and to provide 
blankets for disaster relief. 
This time around, the kids 
decided they would do some- 
thing closer to home. So the 
Parker Ford congregation is 
now sitting pretty and the 
"King's Kids" fundraisers 
are r'aring to go on a new 

Dismantling a wall 

The third annual service 
marking Martin Luther King 
Jr.'s birthday was held at 
Woodberry Church of the 
Brethren, in Baltimore, Md. 
Noteworthy in the gathering 
was the integrated character 
of the participants, which 
would have gladdened the 
heart of the civil rights 
leader. Many people came 
from two largely black 
Catholic churches, and others 
came from several largely 
white United Methodist 

"Things like this take 
down some of the walls," 
reflected Helen Downs, a 
Woodberry member. 

4 Messenger April 1991 

Who's got the quilts? 

Rachel Weybright, of the 
Association for the Arts in 
the Church of the Brethren 

(AACB), is in a bind. AACB 
is celebrating its 20th 
anniversary this summer at 
Annual Conference and 
wants to display quilts from 
each Conference since its 
first quilting bee in 1974. 
Problem is, AACB doesn't 
have a record of who bought 
the quilts for 1975 and 1976, 
and those quilts are needed to 
complete the exhibit. 

The quilts didn't have the 
date embroidered on them, 
but can be identified by the 
Conference logo— 1975: "All 
Creation Awaits" and 1976: 
"Set Free to Serve." The 
owners of those quilts should 
contact Rachel Weybright, 
13394 County Road 48, 
Syracuse, IN 46567. Tel. 
(219) 642-4675. 

Land of the rising sun 

J. Calvin Bright, pastor of the 
East Dayton (Ohio) Church 
of the Brethren, is chairman 
of the board and senior board 
member of Sun Rise Multi- 
purpose Center, a 22-year-old 
agency he helped found to aid 
the needy of Dayton. 

Sun Rise works to "move 
folks from dependency to 
independence, from lack of 
self-esteem to a sense of self- 
worth, from exploitation to 
power," according to Calvin. 

Some 3,000 people are 
coming through the Sun Rise 
doors to get help from the 
whole gamut of social 
services provided by the 
several agencies under Sun 
Rise's umbrella. 

One secret to Sun Rise's 

success: The center is funded 
by the county and city com- 
missioners and even receives 
federal money. 

Signing the pledge 

In December 1989. 142 
people in the Mount Pleas- 
ant Church of the Brethren, 
in North Canton, Ohio, 
signed a pledge to read the 
Bible during the coming year. 

This past January, 54 
certificates and ribbons were 
awarded to those who plowed 
through the entire Bible. 
Special recognition was 

Bible literates Amanda 
Workinger and Jessica Toth. 

given to Amanda Workinger 
and Jessica Toth, 13-year- 
olds— the youngest members 
among the finishers. 

Home, sweet home 

Ralph Carujo and Madeline 
Diaz and their seven children 
had a home this past winter, 
thanks to 35 volunteers from 
the Hempfield Church of the 
Brethren, East Petersburg, Pa. 

The Hempfield folks 
renovated a badly run-down 
house in Lancaster owned by 

the Water Street Rescue 
Mission, which leased the 
house to the needy Carujo 
and Diaz family for 25 
percent of its net income. 
Hempfield also donated 
$4,000 worth of materials. 

Campus comments 

The business newspaper 
Investor's Daily highlighted 
the University of La Verne 
as a school whose "come- 
back has a lesson for manag- 
ers." The school's centennial 
fundraising campaign had 
collected $1 1.3 million at the 
time the article was published 
and was way ahead of its 

Mubarak E. Awad, founder 
and director-in-exile of the 
Jerusalem-based Palestinian 
Center for the Study of Non- 
violence, was Bridgewater 
College's Glen Weimer 
Lecturer in December. 

"Amish Culture in 
Transition" was the topic of 
a lecture series at Elizabeth- 
town College February 19- 
March 26. Complementary to 
the series is an exhibit of Old 
Order Amish art at the 
Bucher Meetinghouse. 

An exhibit of memorabilia. 
"Martin Luther King Jr., 
Peacemaker," was on display 
at Manchester College 
throughout February. 
Manchester's "Church as 
Peacemaker" conference is 
being held April 6-8. A report 
on it will be in the July 

Elizabethtown College 
held a "teach-in" in January 
on the Persian Gulf crisis and 
options for response and 
action. A prayer vigil 
followed. The college also 
issued a statement on the 

Gulf crisis, reaffirming 
Elizabethtown's peace 
heritage through its Church 
of the Brethren founding. 
A chapter of Habitat for 
Humanity has been formed at 
McPherson College. Each 
Saturday, student volunteers 

McPherson campus minister 
David Valeta and students 
Tahnee Carlson and Bret 

Bowman install insulation. 

for Habitat work on construc- 
tion projects in the town to 
help persons who otherwise 
could not afford adequate 
living quarters. 


Jones Chapel congregation, 
near Martinsville, Va., 
celebrates its 50th anniver- 
sary April 7, with Western 
Pennsylvania district execu- 
tive Ron Beachley (former 
Jones Chapel pastor) as the 
main speaker. 

West York congregation, 
York, Pa., will celebrate its 
25th anniversary May 2-5. 
Speakers include Southern 
Pennsylvania district execu- 
tive Warren Eshbach and 
former Annual Conference 
moderator William A. Hayes. 

April 1991 Messengers 

Brethren campuses 
respond to war 

From Bridgewater College to the 
University of La Verne, students and 
faculty are finding a variety of ways to 
both protest US involvement in the Gulf 
and to show support for the troops in 
action, recognizing mixed feelings on 

Manchester, Ind., president William 
Robinson expressed opposition to the 
war while appealing for listening skills 
and mutual understanding. A student 
peace group struggled with how to 
respond to a planned "victory rally," 
choosing a silent witness to express a 
difference of opinion while preserving 
others' freedom of speech. 
University of La Verne (Calif.) vigils 

Elizabethtown and Juniata College students and professors joined Brethren from 
Pennsylvania, Virginia, and other areas at a January 26 march for peace in Wash- 
ington, D.C. Press reports said 75,000 were there; organizers counted up to 250,000. 

At Bridgewater (Va.) College on 
January 23 a peace fellowship commit- 
tee held a morning peace demonstration. 
That afternoon, students held a "pro- 
America" rally and made a video to 
send to troops stationed in Saudi Arabia. 

On the Elizabethtown (Pa.) College 
campus, weekly informal "gulf talks" 
are held in dormitories. On Thursday 
nights, a support group meets for those 
with family and friends in the US armed 
forces in the Middle East. 

David Valeta, campus minister at 
McPherson (Kan.) College where 
students vigil for peace regularly in the 
community, said the college itself has 
not issued an official position but is 
"trying to allow freedoms of expression 
for all sides." 

At Manchester College in North 

6 Messenger April 1991 

have included participants on both sides 
of the war debate. A number of faculty 
panel assemblies held on campus have 
aimed to open dialog on the war and 
related issues, as has a political ethics 
class devoted to looking at cultural, 
political, and historical aspects of the 

At Bethany Seminary in Oak Brook, 
111., a seminar exploring different faith 
perspectives on peace was opened to the 
larger community. Chimes sound across 
campus to remind students to stop and 

David Satterlee, campus minister at 
Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pa., said 
discussion on campus has been ongoing. 
Before the war, there were "positive 
feelings that peace would come," said 
Satterlee. "Now there is more silence 

.... more prayers for mercy and for- 
giveness, and for people caught in the 
cross-fire."— Karla Boyers 

Pamphlet tells how to help 
children cope with war 

The Cooperative Disaster Child Care 
Program is providing advice on how to 
understand children's wartime fears. 

"When Children Ask About War"— a i 
pamphlet by director Lydia Walker— [ 
gives ways to respond to children's | 
questions, pain, and confusion resulting > 
from war, including the separation from [: 
or death of a family member. Order fron| 
Cooperative Disaster Child Care, New 
Windsor Service Center, Box 188, New 
Windsor, MD 2 1 776; (30 1 ) 635-8734. 

Church gives $20,000 in aid 
for war-displaced people ' 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant of 
$20,000 will help meet needs of Middle 
Easterners affected by the Gulf war. 
Reports estimate that 1 .4 million 
people may flee to Jordan, Syria, 
Turkey, Iran, Lebanon, and Bahrain, 
among other areas. The Ecumenical i 
Relief Service of the Middle East 
Council of Churches (which handles 
funds donated through Church World 
Service) anticipates heavy costs in food >j 
distribution, medical supplies, and ■ 

material aid. Plans include transforming ' 
family centers currently giving preven- 
tive health care into emergency clinics. 
It is anticipated that grants or loans of ; 
about $400 per displaced family will be 
given for transportation and provisional 

Historic peace churches, 
FOR make declaration 

A statement by the "historic peace 
churches" and the Fellowship of 
Reconciliation (FOR) has been pub- 

shed as a book, A Declaration on 
'eace: In God's People the World s 
'enewal Has Begun. A group of 
lennonites, Friends, and Brethren 
aveled to Geneva, Switzerland, to 
resent the book to World Council of 
!hurches head Emilio Castro and to 
egin a dialog on the statement. 
"Is loyalty to Jesus Christ compatible 
Axh participation in war? We believe 
lat it is not," state authors Douglas 
rwyn, George Hunsinger, Eugene F. 
loop, and John Howard Yoder. The 
ook focuses on the people of God as "a 
ving parable of the new creation" and 
icludes a short history of peace church- 
OR cooperation. Contact Herald Press, 
cottdale, PA 15683. 

Discernment committee' 
lamed for Korea worl( 

L committee has been named to help 
iscem "what the shape of the Church 
f the Brethren mission will be in 
[orea," reported David Radcliff, 
ieneral Board staff for Korea. 

The group has taken as its mandate the 
jinual Conference directives to 
stablish a relationship with the Korean 
Evangelical Church and to plant the 
!hurch of the Brethren in Korea, 
ladcliff said. Serving with him on the 
ommittee are Joan Hershey, General 
loard chairwoman; Irven Stem, Pacific 
outhwest District co-executive; John 
ark, pastor of the Central Evangelical 
Church of the Brethren, a Korean 
ongregation in Los Angeles; Abe Park, 
Korean Brethren pastor from Laguna 
liguel, Calif.; and Shin II Jo, pastor of 
le new Korean Brethren fellowship in 

"We can't map out in advance how 
lis will shape up," Radcliff said. "My 
wn concern is that we be open to God's 
jading" and to the possibility that some 
doors may be closed to us," he said. 

The committee will decide who to 
ontact in Korea and will consider 
ifferent models for establishing the 
hurch, Radcliff said. The group hopes 
3 make a trip to Korea by mid-June and 

will sponsor an insight session at Annual 
Conference in July. A recommendation 
on how to proceed in Korea may be 
made to the General Board in the fall. 

Globai warming is topic 
of churcli consultation 

Representatives of North American and 
European churches met in Gwatt, 
Switzerland, in January to discuss 
measures pushing for international 
efforts to reduce "greenhouse gas" 

The International Ecumenical Consul- 
tation on the Responsibility of the 
Churches for the Protection of the 
Earth's Atmosphere gathered 80 persons 
from 18 northern industrialized nations. 
Shantilal Bhagat, General Board staff for 
eco-justice and rural concerns, was one 
of nine US delegates. 

The meeting proposed that industrial- 
ized nations reduce carbon dioxide 
emissions by three percent annually. The 
US delegates call on churches to give a 
high priority to climate change problems 
and urge the US government to support 
targeted reductions. 

Over $90,000 given 
for disaster relief 

A final grant of $40,000 was given 
through the Emergency Disaster Fund to 
cover costs of closing work on Hurricane 
Hugo rebuilding projects. 

An allocation of $12,000 was given to 
purchase food and medicine for children 
and disabled persons in Romania. 

Refugees get water 
jugs, drinking cups, 
and charcoal at a 
camp set up after 
authorities destroyed 
a camp near Khar- 
toum, Sudan. Breth- 
ren staff R. Jan 
Thompson says the 
Sudan Council of 
Churches has no food 
to give there because 
donors do not want to 
encourage displacing 
other camps. 

A grant of $10,000 was given in 
response to food needs in the Soviet 

To help provide food in an airlift to 
250,000 Sudanese trapped in the 
government-held garrison town of Juba, 
surrounded by rebel-held territory, an 
EDF grant of $10,000 was given. 

In response to November's severe 
flooding in Washington state, $10,000 
was given for Snohomish county— one of 
three counties hardest hit by the disaster. 

A total of $3,279.47 went to cover 
training costs of Brethren coordinators 
and workers in the Cooperative Disaster 
Child Care program. 

The church also gave $3,000 to defray 
the cost of medical supplies taken to Iraq 
by the Christian Peacemaker Team dele- 
gation that visited last November. 

In response to severe crop loss due to 
flooding in Honduras, a grant of $2,000 
went toward the purchase of medical 
supplies, clothing, food, and tools. 

District executives endorse 
call to spiritual renewal 

In a January 7 meeting, the Council of 
District Executives adopted a statement 
endorsing the "Call to Spiritual Re- 
newal" issued by denominational 
leaders in December (see December 
1990, page 10). 

"We believe spiritual renewal in our 
districts is the key to effective ministry 
and denominational growth," the 
statement said. The executives pledged 
commitment to spiritual disciplines 
leading up to Annual Conference, 
including Bible study, prayer, fasting, 
and "meaningful worship." 

April 1991 Messenger 7 

Bethany Seminary group 
visits church in Nigeria 

A group of fifteen, including Bethany 
Seminary students, president Wayne 
Miller, and professor of church history 
Murray Wagner, spent a two-week 
"winter intensive" January term 
traveling through Nigeria. 

The group visited congregations of 
Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria), exchanging 
greetings especially with families whose 
children are now attending the seminary. 
The group also met with EYN faculty 
and staff at the Theological College of 
Northern Nigeria, where they partici- 
pated in classes. They spent a day at the 
Yankari Game Reserve and visited a 
leprosarium founded by the Church of 
the Brethren. 

Wagner, who led the group, said the 
richest parts of the tour were "relation- 
ships we were able to establish in person 
with EYN people" and the opportunity 
to see what Brethren mission work has 
done in Nigeria. 

General Board announces 
new Africa/Middle East rep. 

Mervin B. Keeney began in March as 
the General Board's Africa/Middle East 
representative. From 1978-85 he served 
the board in personnel positions. He was 
seconded to the Sudan Council of 
Churches as a 
medical adminis- 
trator in 1985-87. 
Recently, Keeney 
was employed in 
the US General 

Brethren Benefit Trust board 
lowers pension plan age 

Some Brethren Benefit Trust Pension 
Plan members may be able to start 
annuities as early as age 55, the BBT has 

8 Messenger April 1991 


The Fsmily Life Task Force, appointed last March, met in February to plan Annuat 
Conference insight sessions on parenting, marriage, and family ministry, and to dis- 
cuss upcoming events and involvement. The group was appointed for an interim perioc 
until a stajf position for family ministry is created (see June 1990, page 7). 

' 'One of the first things we did was to review the needs assessment survey given at 
Annual Conference last year," said executive for Parish Ministries Joan Deeter. The 
sun'ey was conducted to find out what family ministries would benefit Brethren. 

The task force will continue to ' 'struggle to form a definition of 'family' that can 
speak to our diversity," said Deeter, ' 'and not just rely on the traditional understand- 
ing of a family unit." Members are: (front row) Colleen Eastis, Tom Deal, Glen 
Crago; (second row) Joan Deeter, Anita Smith Buckwalter , Susan Sassenberg, and 
Donald Booz. Carroll Petiy is not pictured. 

announced. The lowered minimum age 
requirement, previously age 60, was set 
by the board of directors in November. 

Plan members can begin receiving an 
annuity at the earlier age, effective 
immediately, if the employer has chosen 
to go with the lower age requirement. 
Each Brethren institution in the plan 
may place its own restrictions, which 
cannot now go below age 55. 

The Annual Conference Pastoral Com- 
pensation and Benefits Advisory 
Committee sets the age limit for pastors 
and other church and district employees. 

New plans for the '90s 
made by On Earth Peace 

The On Earth Peace Assembly is 
expanding its ministry with additional 
peace academies and new approaches to 
peace education. 

Seventeen academies are offered in 
1991— up from nine last year. Most of 
the academies are intended for young 
people, and six this year will be held for 

the youth in specific districts. Several 
special academies have also been 
created for the needs of other groups, 
such as an April session to train pastors 
in employing peacemaking in their con- 

Director Tom Hurst said past acade- 
mies tended to focus on war and peace 
issues, mostly through lectures. "While ^ 
we still look at our denomination's 
traditional understanding and teaching o 
peace and war, we're also broadening 
our focus to peacemaking tensions 
within ourselves— our lives at home and' 
school, and how we respond interraciall 
and in the city," he said. The academies 
will begin "eliciting more from the 
young people" in terms of activity and 
input. I 

OEPA assemblies, offered twice a 
year, also reflect a broader view. One , 
held last year looked at environmental 
issues and an assembly in December wi 
emphasize how to make peace with the 
animal kingdom. 

New this year are retreats exploring 
peacemaking from a cross-cultural and 
"contemplative" standpoint, a peace 


)espite the war in the Gulf, leaders of churches in the Middle 
last showed strong support for continuing with the February 7-20 
Vorld Council of Churches Seventh Assembly in Canberra, Australia. 
Now, more than ever, we need that assembly," said Andrea Cano, a 
VCC press officer. 

The first days of meetings were dominated by the war and Abori- 
inal issues. Concern was voiced for refugees throughout the world- 
specially those displaced by the war. Said Edmond Browning, bishop 
if the US Episcopal Church, "I believe that if Augustine and Aquinas 
/ere alive now, and had to contend with the Smart Bomb, they would 
of have reached the just war theory that they did." Asked what side 
jod is on, Gabriel Habib, general secretary of the Middle East Coun- 
il of Churches, said God "is on the side of those who are suffering." 

The US delegation led the way in condemning the war. In a doc- 
ment issued by the National Council of Churches, members opposed 
ie war on moral grounds, calling for churches to reach out to those 
urt by the war-to be "havens of prayer," places for discussion, and 
centers for nonviolence." "The words of the gospel cannot be recon- 
iled with what is now happening in the Gulf," the statement con- 
luded. The document was signed by 74 US church leaders, including 
heads of denominations and 15 Catholic bishops. 

Eighty thousand European youth gathered in Prague, 
Izechoslovakia, December 28-January 2 to recognize the discourage- 
lent of many Eastern Europeans despite newfound freedoms. Cana- 
ian Catholic Brother Emile, a member of the French-based Taize 

community that orchestrated the event, said sessions stressed the 
responsibility of Christians to be a "leaven of reconciliation at this 
special fime in the history of Europe." Half of the participants came 
from Poland and for the first time in the history of Taize's regular New 
Year's meetings, the Soviet Union was represented. 

Lutherans and Episcopalians have reached accord in 
talks conducted over the past 20 years which may lead to a "full 
communion" of the two denominations in the receiving of sacraments, 
liturgical functions, and the consecration of bishops. Theologians said 
agreement was reached over the troublesome concept of the "historic 
episcopate" which would allow the churches to remain autonomous 
while becoming interdependent. Earliest approval of the document, 
which is expected to receive some stiff opposition, would come in 
1994 at the Episcopal Church General Convention, and in 1995 at the 
Churchwide Assembly of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. 

Former US President Jimmy Carter has been nominated 
for the Nobel Peace Phze by the American Friends Service Commit- 
tee. Carter's achievements, as listed by the AFSC, include mediation 
efforts in the Middle East, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka, and Somalia, as well 
as work on Haitian, Nicaraguan, and Panamanian elections. AFSC 
executive secretary Asia A. Bennet said Carter has "used the prestige 
and power of his position as an ex-President-not for personal advan- 
tage or gain-but to address some of the most intractable problems 
that exist in various parts of the world." 

amp training for Sunday school 
sachers and Bible school leaders, and an 
'elderhostel'" program for senior 

A master list of pastors, speakers, 
ounselors, and peace educators is also 
leing compiled. "Eventually, people 
an call up looking for workshop leaders 
nd peace trainers, and we'll be able to 
sll them who they might contact in their 
rea," said Hurst. 

Geraldine Click, OEPA president and 
laughter of On Earth Peace founder 
4. R. Ziegler, said OEPA's overall 
nission is to "educate the person in the 
lew to witness to the church peace 
losition and to help young people learn 
make decisions as adults— to help 
)eople work at solving their problems 
vithout going to war." As the program's 
endowment grows, Click hopes it will 
)ecome self-supporting and able to 
ncrease its services. 

Enten Eller, a Bethany Seminary 
tudent and OEPA board member for 
leven years, said he sees "education as 
ictive peacemaking" and feels it is a 

commitment to a diverse peace educa- 
tion that is the strength of the program. 
As for the future. Hurst hopes OEPA 
will become more of a resource center, 
offering materials for in-depth peace 

study and becoming a meeting place for 
people with varied perspectives to 
resolve differences. Eller said such 
hoped-for expansion is really a "recap- 
turing of an old vision" of the founder's. 

Brethren Volunteer Service Unit 195, an extra training unit held to handle this 
year's overflow number of volunteers, went through orientation in Chicago January 
15-25. Members are: (front row) Samuel Spire, Anna Fillmore, Molly De Maret, 
Angle Breidenstine (orientation assistant), Debbie Eisenbise (orientation coordina- 
tor), Angela Wallick, Bill Romberger; (second row) Todd Tijerina, Phyllis Butt 
(assistant to the director). Rebekah Truemper, Jan Schrock (director), Steve Cay ford. 

April 1991 Messenger 9 

Pilgrim on 
a perilous road 

by Cheryl Cayford 

The prospect of meeting Barbara Bush at 
the White House did not seem to make 
Yin Ji Zeng nervous. After all, the 
diminutive 80-year-old had been the 
Bush family's pastor when George Bush 
served as head of the US Liaison Office 
in Beijing, China, in the 1970s (see 
January 1989, pages 1, 14-16). 
Yin and three other Protestant Chinese 

leaders (Kan Xueping, Feng Hao, and 
Ge Bay Juan— a woman and the only one 
of the delegation fluent in English) 
arrived in the US at the end of January 
for a first visit to this country. They had 
heard they might visit the White House, 
and so brought a gift worthy to give the 
President— a large and splendid scroll 
painting of two tigers. Fortunately, a 
February 19 date to visit the White 
House was confirmed. 

Yin, in life's pilgrimage, has con- 
quered many obstacles and depended on 
the grace of Christ. After growing up in 
a Brethren family, the son of Chinese 
Brethren pastor Yin Han Zhang, Yin 
graduated from seminary in 1938. One 
of his first pastorates was in the town of 
Xiyang, Shanxi Province, occupied by 
the Japanese and surrounded by the 
Communist Eighth Route Army. The 
Japanese thought Yin was a spy for the 
Communists; the Communists thought 
Yin was a spy for the Japanese. Finally 
the Japanese accused him of being "a 
running dog of the American people." 
He was ordered to fetch his family, then 
living in the town of Pingding, and brinj 
them back to serve the Japanese. 

He left town very early on the second 
morning after the interview. 

In 1941 Yin was invited to go to work 
with the Presbyterian church in Beijing. 
At the end of World War II, the Chinese 
Civil War began in earnest. Yin and his 
family joined the Church of the Brethrer| 
missionaries in Christian work in 
Sichuan Province. But upon completion I 
of the Revolution in 1 950, Yin returned 
to the Presbyterian church in Beijing. , || 

The Communist government reorgan- < 
ized all the churches in China and 
labeled some pastors "rightists." What \ 
had been 64 churches and at least 10 
denominations in Beijing were "mixed 
up," as Yin says, into four congrega- 

Left: Pastor Yin renewed ties with 100^ 
year-old Mary Schaejfer during his US 
visit. The centenarian missionary served 
in China 1917-1950 and has known 
Pastor Yin since he was a little boy, 
although the two had not seen each 
other in over 40 years. Right top: A 
good-natured Pastor Yin ticks ojfthe 
events of his life for interviewer Cheryl 
Cayford. Right center: Pastor Yin was 
hosted at the General Offices in Elgin, 
III., by General Board Asia representa- 
tive Lamar Gibble and general secretary 
Don Miller. Right bottom: Pastor Yin 
found this old photo of himself and his 
family in the Brethren Historical Library 
and Archives. BHLA presented him with 
a copy, his family memorabilia having 
been lost in the turmoil of China politics 
and social upheaval. 

1 Messenger April 1991 



^J( ■■ 

»- J^ ■^ 

H h^. 

tions and one Protestant church. Fewer 
pastors were needed and Yin was sent to 
work on a large farm outside Beijing. 

He returned in 1961, but the Cultural 
Revolution closed all churches and all 
pastors became laborers. 

As Yin contemplated returning to his 
church work, the government religious 
affairs officials turned to him for help. In 
1971, shortly before US President 
Nixon's 1972 visit, Yin was asked by 
government officials to return to Beijing. 
A leader of the Three-Self Movement— a 
movement for self-sufficiency among 
Chinese Christians— asked him to attend 
a meeting with two army officials. 

They asked him to hold worship 
services for foreigners in Beijing. Yin 
chuckled as he remembered the meeting. 
The Christians refused. The army men 
became very polite. They acknowledged 
the harm done to the pastors by the 
political movement, but persuaded them 
to follow the Maoist "revolutionary 
foreign affairs way"— the policy, as Yin 
explained, of replying in friendship to 
the overtures of other countries. 

The first foreigner to worship with 
them was a maid from Pakistan's 
embassy, who wanted to spend Christ- 
mas in a church. Others soon followed, 
including future US President George 
Bush and his family. 

In 1979, at Easter, after the end of the 
Cultural Revolution and changes of 
power in the government, churches were 
allowed to reopen and Chinese Chris- 
tians allowed to attend and worship. This 
they did. The number of reopened 
churches is about 6,000 and the number 
of practicing Christians in China has 
grown to 5,000,000-from 700,000 
before the civil war. Other religions also 
are open and flourishing. 

Theological seminaries were reopened 
in Nanjing in 1981 and 14 others have 
opened in various parts of the country 
since then. Yin now serves as president 
of Beijing's Yan Jing Theological 
Seminary, opened in 1986. He also is 
chairman of the city's Three-Self 
Movement and president of the Beijing 
Christian Council. 

The "mix up" in the church has been 
beneficial, he reported. Christians 

believe in "one way," but through 
historical developments, have organized 
different churches, he said. Why not 
come together in one church? 

Beijing's Chongwenmen church, 
where Yin serves as senior pastor, 
retains characteristics of the original 
denominations: Baptisms are performed 
by both immersion and sprinkling, and 
communion is celebrated in a variety of 
ways. Many different worship styles are 
used, including Saturday services for 
former Seventh Day Adventists. 

The government has changed its 
attitude toward religion, Yin said. In 
1949 the Communists were convinced 
that religion had no place in a socialist 
country. But the policy of attempting to 
eradicate all religion waned. When Yin 
took part in a "very important" 1988 
meeting with an official of religious 
affairs, Christian leaders heard that the 
government had realized that religion 
would last for a long time. 

The official said religion had the 
advantage of "giving happiness to the 
Chinese people's spirit," and announced 
that the government intended to encour- 
age the seminaries to train more pastors. 
Christian leaders have seen no evidence 
of this actually happening, however. 

Meanwhile, with help and financial 
support from the Church of the Brethren 
General Board, the National Council of 
Churches, and the Presbyterian Church 
(USA), the Chinese delegation has been 
able to visit with Christians in the US to 
see how churches here minister to their 
people. Lamar Gibble, General Board 
representative for Europe and Asia, was 
able to help Yin renew ties to the Church 
of the Brethren in visits to the General 
Offices in Elgin, 111., the New Windsor 
(Md.) Service Center, Atlantic Northeast 
and Mid-Atlantic Districts, the Brethren 
Village (a retirement home in Lancaster, 
Pa.), and several Brethren congregations. 

In addition to friendship and hospital- 
ity, the Brethren were able to give 
something back to Yin— family photo- 
graphs preserved in the Brethren 
Historical Library and Archives. Much 
of his own memorabilia has been lost, 
and the photographs are priceless 


April 1991 Messenger 11 

Where there's water, there's 

Food for the hungry 

'Don't send us food,' the Los Toros people 

told the Brethren. 'What we really need is 

help to make our farms produce again.' 

by Karla Boyers 

In the village of Los Toros, in the 
province of Azua in the Dominican 
Republic— approximately one mile off 
the paved highway running from the 
capital city of Santo Domingo to the 
Haitian border— 5,000 people live with 
only sporadic electricity and a water 
system that is inefficient at best. 

They are largely an agrarian people, 
growing vegetables for sale to major 
canning companies in the area, which 
supply incentives for planting particular 
types of produce. Tomatoes, beans, com, 
eggplant, squash, and okra compose the 
bulk of such "truck crops" raised. But 
two years of drought have left the 
harvest unmaterialized. The farmers turn 
their animals into the fields to graze on 
what little there is to eat. Children and 
adults are left ill with diarrhea and 

And yet, when the townspeople met to 
discuss their crisis and what they should 
do, instead of immediate food aid, they 
decided what they really could use was 
an irrigation pump. Although their need 
for a high school (the nearest is 15 miles 
away) or a health center (a doctor visits 
once a week) is great, they agreed their 
first priority was a way to secure water 

1 2 Messenger April 1991 

for their land to produce food for 

Los Toros is one of 10 preaching 
points of the Church of the Brethren in 
the Dominican Republic and the largest 
of seven congregations in the province 
of Azua. Initial evangelism began seven 
years ago by Puerto Rican Brethren, who 
were joined by the US church after the 
1990 Annual Conference action calling 
for expanded mission in the DR. 

Last September, Santos Mota, pastor 
of the Los Toros church, and other 
Dominican Brethren called the General 
Board's Latin America/Caribbean 
representative, Yvonne Dilling, to ask 
for help in their hunger situation. 
Through the Global Food Crisis Fund (a 
Brethren program of relief for hunger 
and homelessness both domestic and 
overseas) $23,000 was given to Iglesia 
de los Hermanos in Los Toros for the 
purchase of a water storage tank, an 
irrigation pump, and a diesel engine. 

Pablo Stone, a retired agricultural 
engineer, went to Los Toros last Novem- 
ber to oversee the project purchases and 
initial installation. A member of the 
Disciples of Christ, he has a long history 
of missionary involvement in South and 
Central American countries, including 
eight years as director of Heifer Project 

International in Mexico. 

During the 15 days he spent in the DR, 
Pablo met with church people, members 
of the five associations of farmers (ap- 
proximately 150 laborers), a mothers 
club (many who are wives of the farmers 
and involved in nutrition and health care 
issues), and the Church World Service 
office in Santo Domingo. 

"Many are getting desperate in terms 
of what to eat, some migrating to larger 
towns for work," said Pablo. "There are 
300 children under the age of five whose 
mothers measure their arm and wrist 
circumference to classify them as first- 
second-, or third-degree malnourished so 
they can get milk. ' ' 

One of the first things Pablo did was 
to help Santos and others choose the 
pump and get the necessary materials- 
cement, sand, and reinforcing pipe— to 
begin work. The community had already 
gained approval to tap the government- 
controlled canal running beside their 

While in Los Toros, Pablo also spent 
time working out a contract between the 
church and the farmers for care and 
maintenance of the system. A decision- 
making board of directors was formed 
from both church people and members 
of the five associations of farmers to 

jovem the future of the pump. 

"While the pump stays in ownership 
Df the church in Los Toros, the church 
las placed no restrictions on who can 
ise it," said Pablo. Just who can use the 
3ump, however, does depend on nature 
[how much water remains available) as 
ivell as basic physics. "Depending on 
he gravity, about 500 acres can be 
rrigated. ' ' 

When it comes to making the schedule 
for pump use, the board of directors 
;onsiders what stage each of the various 
:rops is in (who needs water most now), 
ind how much land is owned by each 
farmer. The more land, the more water is 
illotted, and the higher the dues the 
^armer pays. 

As well as covering diesel fuel costs 
rnd other ongoing operation expenses, 
:oIlected dues help pay the wages of the 
;Ocal man hired to maintain the system— 
;he single paid position of the entire 
Droject. All other work has come from 
i'olunteer efforts of community mem- 
bers. And, all pump users are expected 
:o rotate turns as nightwatchman. 

According to Pablo, this system of 
"fair scheduling" is a characteristic of 
:he people. "There is a unique spirit of 
:ooperation to be found in the Domini- 
:an culture. They have a long tradition 
jf helping each other farm. Others come 
to plow, plant, or harvest in turn of 
whose crop is at that particular stage. 
Fheir payment is lunch from the land- 

When Pablo left Los Toros, construc- 
tion had just begun on the pump house, 
ind the people were digging the ditch to 
lay pipe. Everyone was working stead- 
ily, eager to have the system operational 
is quickly as possible. 

Of the 1 ,000 families in Los Toros, 
about 150 are now actively using the 
pump. "Initial estimates of benefitting 
1,500 people directly could easily extend 
to twice that indirectly because of 
economic boosts to merchants and local 
shop owners," said Pablo. While there is 
hope that the irrigation pump will turn 

Opposite: Los Toros' dry river bed. Top: Fablo Stone, with Danilo de Leon, vice- 
president of the Dominican Church of the Brethren Council. Above: Four men 
(including pastor Santos Mota, left) mark the corners for the irrigation project' s pump 
house. Below: A Los Toros farmer prepares fields that will be irrigated. 

Los Toros around economically, Pablo 
marks September— completion of the 
first major harvest cycle— as "the true 
indicator. ' ' 

Meanwhile, the people of Los Toros 
wait, laboring in faith as well as in hope 
that water will restore productivity 
to a parched land. 


April 1991 Messenger 13 

Photography by Phil Grout: 

A people hungry 
for the gospel 

Jorge Toledo, a Puerto Rican member of the Church of the 
Brethren instrumental in beginning Brethren mission work in 
the Dominican Republic, describes his motivation simply: 
"Every time I went there I saw the people hungry for the 
gospel, hungry for interrelationships, and I started to dream. I 
wanted to start churches in small villages where there are no 

Now there are beginning to be churches in small villages, 
projects to help the Dominicans lead healthier lives, and 
interrelationships that are a blessing to Dominicans, Puerto 
Ricans, and US Brethren alike. Phil Grout captures some of the 
spirit of Brethren mission in the Dominican Republic in his 
photographs shown on these pages.— Kermon Thomasson 

Left: Two children of Viajama are 
absorbed in a worship service. 

Above: A young girl lifts her hand in 
praise during the dedication senncefor 
the new church in Los Toros. 

14 Messenger April 1991 

Left: A young Haitian man worships reverently in Santo 

Above: Santos Mota preaches during a nighttime service in 
Santo Domingo, his face lit only by a kerosene lamp. 

April 1991 Messenger 15 

Above: A weary man wipes the sweat off his brow as he pauses from 
toil in his Los Toros garden. 

Top right: A Los Toros farmer waters his tomato plant bed. 

Right: A pensive little girl rests outside the Viajama church. 



16 Messenger April 1991 

Left: Jorge Toledo 
(right), a member of 
the Church of the 
Brethren in Vega Baja, 
P. R., and instrumental 
in starting the mission 
work in the Dominican 
Republic, frequently 
visits to encourage the 
church and to nurture 
its leaders. Here he 
visits Viajama pastor 
Vidal Geraldo in his 

Below: Gathered outside the newly dedicated Los Toros church is a group symbolic of 
the three-way partnership that works in the Dominican Republic— Earl Ziegler (far 
left) and Thorn Keller (far right), US Brethren from Pennsylvania: Pedro Brull 
(second from left) and Jorge Toledo (second from right), Puerto Rican Brethren: and 
Dominican Santos Mota (center), pastor of the Los Toros congregation. 

April 1991 Messenger 17 

When I am Zacchaeus 

by Carol Bowman Gnagy 

When I am Zacchaeus, 

I, too, become small- 
Shriveled in spirit and soul, 
A shrunken scrap of insignificant flesh, 
Reduced by alienation and pain. 

When I am Zacchaeus, 
I, too, become small- 
Separated from the human family 
By taxing wrongs I have imposed— 
Harsh words spoken here or there 
A lack of patience. 
Stubborn pride insisting I am right. 
Intolerance of the truth others see. 
Actions that rob others of self-worth. 

When I am Zacchaeus, 
I, too, must go tree-climbing— 
Out on a limb. 
A fall 

or being seen 

or a change of view. 

When I am Zacchaeus, 

Christ comes to me . . . 

Looks me full in the face. 

And loving me for all I am. 

Says, "I'm coming to your heart today." 

When I am Zacchaeus, 

Accepted, loved, forgiven seventy-times-seven, 
I, too, grow in stature. 
Full-size, I reflect the image of the Great I Am— 

Accepting, forgiving, loving. 
Restoring to the human family what I have stolen, 
Offering to my brothers and sisters love I have received. 

Then, Praise God! For I have grown! 
I am whole again! 
Praise God! 
I have grown! 

Carol Bowman Gnagy. of the Sunnyslope Church of the Brethren/United 
Church of Christ congregation, Wenatchee. Wash., is a member of the 
General Board. 


A time foi 

by David Radcliff 

Two recent phone calls demonstrated to 
me something of the dual challenge 
facing the church in a time of war. One 
was from a member of a Church of the 
Brethren congregation that was doing 
what we might expect a peace church to 
be doing these days— speaking out for 
peace. The other was a reminder that the 
church, even a peace church, has more 
than one dimension to its mission during 
a time of international conflict. Both 
calls also highlighted the opportunity 
before us in this or any time of crisis. 

The first call was from a woman in the 
San Diego (Calif.) congregation. She 
and other members had joined with 
fellow Christians and community people 
in a peaceful witness to their faith in a 
public setting. This expression of their 
convictions took an additional measure 
of courage, since San Diego is a major 
port for the US navy. 

Whatever negative reaction this peace 
witness may have engendered, the Breth- 
ren members found another response 
from some of those who joined them in 
their peace vigil that day. Seeing the 
sign identifying the Church of the Breth- 
ren members, several people expressed 
interest in knowing more about their 
congregation. Notable among these were 
some people who expressed their dissat- 
isfaction with their own church commu- 
nities because of their home congrega- 
tions' perspective on the war. "I had 
never felt so isolated in my congregation 
before," said one. "With the outbreak 
of war, I have come to realize just how 
much different my beliefs are from those 
of my congregation as a whole." 

The San Diego members plan to return 
to this place of witness. They want to 
continue to express their disagreement 
with the war, but are also planning to 
"arm" themselves with pamphlets ex- 
plaining the church's beliefs, practices, 
and location. 

The second telephone call came from 
a person who, like the San Diego caller, 
expressed strong emotions about this 

18 Messenger April 1991 


rophets and pastors 

var. This man's first questions had to do 
vith a number of hymns that he could 
lot find in the present Brethren hymnal, 
spurred on by a magazine article he had 
ead, he had looked in vain for hymns 
;uch as " Onward Christian Soldiers" 
ind ' 'The Battle Hymn of the Repub- 
ic." " I want to know why somebody 
"elt that these hymns didn't belong in 
)ur hymnal anymore." he said. 

In talking further, it became clear that 
lis concerns were deeper than simply the 

all-encompassing love for human beings. 
This is why we abhor war— because of 
what it does to human life. Yet this same 
love also must enable us to respond to 
the many who find themselves caught up 
in the very war we oppose. 

Jesus showed loving concern for those 
people who were caught up in things of 
which he may have been critical. 
Healing the Roman soldier's slave, 
visiting Zacchaeus, forgiving the 
woman caught in adultery— all these 

We can witness against a war and still show 
compassion toward people caught up in it. 

nclusion of certain hymns in the hym- 
lal. It turned out that he was a Vietnam 
/eteran. He had grown up in the Church 
)f the Brethren, but had found that the 
:hurch seemed to turn its back on him 
ipon his return from southeast Asia. Out 
}f the church for a while and now back, 
le found some of his old frustrations 
surfacing. As he listened recently to 
mnouncements in his congregation 
ibout Brethren support for conscientious 
ibjectors, he wondered what the church 
vould do with those of its members who 
were either in the military or who had 
'amily members there. Would those of 
his generation who are caught up in the 
A'ar effort feel as abandoned by the 
:hurch as he had felt? 

I was thankful that I could tell him 
A'hat I had been hearing from around the 
ienomination. I described how some 
;ongregations had been reaching out to 
hose within and beyond their fellow- 
ihips whose lives were being affected by 
his war. I told him that our church lives 
n tension at times like this. We need to 
ift up our historic peace testimony, and 
/et we have a responsibility to minister 
those whose lives are being grievously 
iffected by the trauma of war. 

The church has both a prophetic and a 
pastoral ministry in time of war. At the 
leart of God's call to us is a deep and 

stories demonstrate how Jesus sought out 
and cared for human need wherever he 
encountered it. 

This did not mean that Jesus curtailed 
his witness against violence or dishon- 
esty or unfaithfulness in marriage. It did 
mean that he could align himself against 
those things that violate human life or 
relationships while showing love and 

compassion for the people who were 
caught up in these same things. 

Of course, the result of Jesus' compas- 
sion for others often was that they found 
themselves drawn to a new way of life. 
So astounding was this combination of 
intolerance for the sin of the world with 
unconditional love for the people of the 
world, that people experienced genuine 
transformation upon encountering it— the 
miracle of the gospel. 

So it can be for the church in the 
context of today's war afflicted world. 
Warfare is to be condemned as an 
affront to God's purposes for human life. 
Of this we can be sure. Yet those people 
who find themselves enmeshed in war 
and its bitter fruits are as in need of the 
love and care of the church as any of 
God's children. 

If and when this prophetic witness and 
this pastoral compassion meet, those 
around us may be so surprised and 
delighted that they will want to know 
who we are. We must be ready 
to tell them. 


David Radclijfis peace consultant on the 
General Board staff. 

David Radclijf presents peace issues to a Brethren youth gathering. 

April 1991 Messenger 19 

\/ (Bretfiren 

"Arbeite und hojfe ' : "Work and hope' ' —from an old Pennsylvania German print. 

Faith bonded by works: 

The faith that saves 

When people ask you, "What's 
different about the Brethren?" or 
"What do Brethren believe?" what do 
you tell them? What is unique about 
the Church of the Brethren? 

With those questions in mind, we 
have assembled a cluster of articles 
that works at defining what our 
Brethren forebears . . . and their 
forebears, the Anabaptists . . . held to 
as the basis of their faith. It was a faith 
that withstood persecution, even 
martyrdom. It's a faith that we would 
do well to hold onto today. 

20 Messenger April 1 99 1 

by Galen R. Hackman 

Read: James 2:14-26 

If the Brethren have a favorite book 
among the epistles of the New Testa- 
ment, James likely is the one. James has 
a concern for a practical, aggressive 
faith rooted in right thinking and belief. 
The practical nature of the book has 
grounded it deep in the Brethren 
consciousness. (See "Brother James: the 
First of the Brethren?" by Ronald C. 
Amett, February 1989.) 

Throughout this book, the issue that 
bums in James' heart is that of genuine 
faith. Authentic faith, James insists, will 
handle trials and temptations and it will 
open a person's heart to God's Word and 
to other people. In 2:14-26 (which 
perhaps was intended to be the very 

climax of his message), James turns to a i 
thorough discourse on the very nature of; 
genuine, saving, justifying faith. 
Genuine faith is a message that also has t 
burned in the hearts of Brethren through 
out our history. James 2:14-26 stirs our i| 
souls and our minds. 

The setting of James' message 

Why does James say what he does? 
Apparently his readers were being f 

enticed to turn away from their commit-l 
ment to a faith that was wholly inte- l 
grated with works. Someone (or some 
group of people) was bringing to James i 
readers a different understanding of < 
faith. The presence of this influence is i 
reflected in verse 14, where James 
writes, "... if someone says he has I 
faith" (NKJV) and again in verse 18, : 


vhere he writes "But someone will 
:ay. . . ." Whether this distortion in 
ioctrine was a resuh of a misunderstand- 
ng of Paul's teaching is not indicated in 
he passage, but clearly an influence 
)ther than James' was being felt in the 
rhristian community. 

What was the argument being pre- 
;ented by James' opponents? The 
;tatements that James identifies as 
;oming from his opponents (verses 14 
ind 18) show that the rival doctrine was 
lot a total repudiation of works. Instead, 
ames' opponents presented an "either/ 
)r" alternative. 

The original argument raised by the 
)pposing teachers is implied in these 
/erses: "What good is it, my brothers 
ind sisters, if you say you have faith but 
lo not have works? Can faith save 
/ou?" (2:14) and "But someone will 
;ay, 'You have faith and I have works' " 

Rather than a total repudiation of 
vorks, what James' opponents appar- 
;ntly were promoting was the notion that 
aith and works are both vital means of 
ixpressing a commitment to God. That 
s, one person might have faith and 
mother have works, and each gift should 
)e accepted as equally efficacious. After 
ill, they may have argued, no one has all 
he gifts, therefore faith is as good a gift 
IS works, and vice versa. Either you 
lave faith or you have works, but not 

To this situation and way of thinking, 
'ames directs his teaching. He says, 
'Show me your faith apart from your 
vorks, and I by my works will show you 
ny faith" (2:18b). James' proposition is 
simple, yet strong. He raises a straight- 
orward question, "How can a claim to 
aith be proven if it has no visible 
;ffects?" Against this "faith alone" 
:oncept, James argues for a working 
laith. He insists on a faith bonded with 

works, in which both are equal aspects 
of a single energizing force— the faith 
that saves. 

Genuine faith is not an empty claim 

In response to the teaching of those who 
propose that faith alone is sufficient for 
salvation, James presents three stirring 
arguments. In the first of these (verses 
14-17), he challenges his readers with 

Brethren of genuine 
faith will, on the one 

hand, carry a 

concern for personal 

holiness by keeping 

free of immorality 

and the 'sins of the 

flesh J and, on the 

other hand, both 

care about and act 

upon the social 

needs of the day. 

the idea that genuine faith is not some- 
thing barren, but rather it is dynamic, 
alive, and functioning in practical ways. 

"What good is it, my brothers and 
sisters," James challenges, "if you say 
you have faith but do not have works?" 
(2:14). Under the force of James' words 
we are compelled to consider what 
practical value a claim to faith has if 
there is no change in life, no outward 
manifestation of the new-found faith in 
one's conduct. Of what use and purpose 
would such a claim be? 

James' emphasis is upon those who 
claim faith, but who cannot demonstrate 

faith. He asks very pointedly, "Can faith 
save you?" (2:14b). The argument (as 
brought out clearly by the New Interna- 
tional Version's "Can such faith save 
him?") is that an empty faith, unaccom- 
panied by works, is without merit in 
God's eyes. 

To drive home this point, James 
follows with an illustration right from 
the streets of his day: "If a brother or 
sister is naked and lacks daily food, and 
one of you says to them, 'Go in peace; 
keep warm and eat your fill,' and yet 
you do not supply their bodily needs, 
what is the good of that?" (2:15-16). 

Again, James raises the question, 
"What good is it?" To wish pleasantries 
on someone who is suffering without 
also acting upon that sufferer's need 
accomplishes nothing except to make the 
well-wisher feel better. So it is with a 
faith void of deeds. 

Genuine faith is not an empty claim. 
Verse 17 closes the argument: "So faith 
by itself, if it has no works, is dead. ' ' 
This pronouncement that faith without 
works is dead is reminiscent of Jude's 
description of the apostates of his day 
being "twice dead" (Jude 1:12). A 
workless faith is dead both in its ability 
to produce fruit and in its saving value. 
The evidence of a dead faith is that it 
exists "by itself" (Jas. 2:17). 

Genuine faith is not mere acceptance 
of a creed 

With verses 18 and 19, James mounts his 
second attack against the kind of faith 
espoused by his opponents. James is 
combating the idea that faith alone is a 
suitable means of commitment to God. 
In verses 18 and 19, he rejects this 
teaching by building upon the idea that 
faith alone (that is, unaccompanied by 
works) cannot be proven. 
People can make any kind of verbal 

April 1991 Messenger 21 


statement about what they believe. They 
may even give intellectual assent to an 
orthodox creed. James reminds his 
readers (and us) that no one holds to a 
more orthodox creed than the "de- 
mons." They readily proclaim the shema 
(the central proclamation of the Jewish 
faith, from Deuteronomy 6:4: "Hear, O 
Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord 
alone"). The "demons" hold to the 
basic truth of the Judeo/Christian 
philosophy— monotheism. The "de- 
mons" do not question the truths of 
Christianity: They know them to be fact. 
However, the "demons" are not 
righteous in God's sight because their 
faith is not genuine. Their faith is mere 
intellectual assent— mere acceptance of a 
creed. With the "demons," what they 
know to be true somehow does not 
permeate into the heart and demonstrate 
itself in actions. Otherwise, they would 
no longer be "demons." 

22 Messenger April 1991 

So it must be with us. Faith must find 
its way into the heart to affect one's 
feelings and into the will to change one's 
actions. Of course, belief in cortect 
doctrine is necessary and important, for 
it is with hearing and believing that faith 
begins, as Paul puts it: "But how are 
they to call on one in whom they have 
not believed? And how are they to 
believe in one of whom they have never 
heard? And how are they to hear without 
someone to proclaim him? And how are 
they to proclaim him unless they are 
sent? As it is written, 'How beautiful are 
the feet of those who bring good 
news!' " (Rom. 10:14-15). 

The church of today needs to be 
committed to orthodox, biblical truth. 
Belief that does not transform one's life, 
however, is insufficient for salvation. 
Not only is there no way for persons to 
prove the sincerity of their faith except 
by works, but also a faith that is power- 

less to produce works is completely deac 
and unable to provide any real spiritual 

With these two concepts forming a 
foundation, James goes on to consider 
his final point about faith and works: 

Genuine faith is manifested through 
good works 

The third and final approach that James 
uses against this false idea of faith is 
drawn from Hebrew history, in which hil 
readers were steeped. James' goal is to 
show that whenever one is declared 
righteous by God, that declaration is 
God's gift in response to genuine faith 
on the part of the receiver. Genuine 
faith, James asserts once again, is a faith 
bonded with works— a working faith. 
He begins with an invitation to be 
open-minded and learn from the history 
of God's actions with humanity. He 
asks, "Do you want to be shown, you 
senseless person, that faith apart from 
works is barten?" (2:20). His evidence 

X^ irst, it is argued that the great 
ancestor of the Jewish people, Abraham'! 
was indeed justified by works (2:21-24)1 
(See Genesis 15:6, quoted by James in 
2:23; and Genesis 22:1-19, especially 
verse 12.) The key verse in understand- 
ing James' argument is verse 22: "Youi' 
see that faith was active along with his 
works, and faith was brought to complej 
tion by the works." James is not saying! 
that Abraham's faith in God's promise 
(made in Genesis 15:6) was of no 
consequence. Rather, he is insisting thai] 
since Abraham believed with genuine 
faith, that faith went on to produce 
obedience in Abraham's life. 

The key words in verse 22 are "activi' 
along with" and "brought to comple- 
tion." James uses noteworthy language i 
to express his doctrine of working faith. 


'rimarily, he is saying that faith does not 
stand alone, but has another dimension. 
Fhe abstracts of belief must be balanced 
A'ith the practicalities of works. The two 
:ooperate with each other. 

James claims that through Abraham's 
ivork of obedience, his faith came to 
;ompletion. The basic idea behind this 
vvord "completion" is that of "bringing 
an end," "finishing," and "accom- 
Dlishing." Although the word often is 
:ranslated "perfect" in the more literal 
;ranslations, in the original language of 
;he Bible the word contains no idea of 
absolute perfection or impeccability. 
Rather, the idea is that the thing (or 
oerson) to which perfection is ascribed 
rias fully completed the purpose for 
which it was created. It has reached its 
;nd. It has accomplished its goal. 

This same meaning can be seen in 
James 1:2-4, where James delineates the 
purpose of trials. He insists that trials 
have the benevolent purpose of bringing 
Faith to perfection. 

James is explaining that genuine faith 
has a purpose— transforming character 
md developing obedience. He explains 
that when faith produces works, those 
works are the very fruit of faith and 
bring to full completion the purpose for 
which faith exists. The production of 
works in the life of the believer accom- 
pUshes the end (or goal) of genuine 

Abraham began his intimate relation- 
ship with God when he believed God's 
promise in Genesis 15:6: "And he 
believed the Lord; and the Lord reck- 
oned it to him as righteousness." In 
response to Abraham's faith, God 
granted to him a righteous standing. But 
the faith flourishing in Abraham's heart 
was placed there for a purpose— to create 
good works, and to transform Abraham's 
life into one of obedience. Abraham's 
willingness to take the long journey with 
his son Isaac, and his ultimate submis- 
sion to God's request, put his faith to the 

test and provided an outward manifesta- 
tion of the faith that propelled him 
through life. The work proved, per- 
fected, and completed the faith. James 
closes this illustration from Israel's 
history with the words, "You see that a 
person is justified by works and not by 
faith alone" (2:24). 

James' second illustration also is taken 
from Hebrew history. He tells of Rahab 
the prostitute, who helped the Hebrew 
spies escape entrapment in Jericho on 
their information gathering mission for 
Joshua. (See Joshua 2:1-24, 6:22-23; and 
Hebrews 11:31.) 

J ames makes the same claim for Rahab 
that he did for Abraham: Faith was 
completed by works, resulting in 
Rahab's justification. He asks, "Like- 
wise, was not Rahab the prostitute also 
justified by works when she welcomed 
the messengers and sent them out by 
another road?" (2:25). 

Why did James choose these two 
illustrations? Abraham is understand- 
able: He is the esteemed ancestor of the 
Hebrews. But why choose the example 
of a woman of questionable character 
and of relative obscurity? 

Perhaps James chose people from 
these two social extremes to prove a 
point: In contrast to each other, Abraham 
was a Jew, a man, and a noble person, 
while Rahab was a Gentile, a woman, 
and a prostitute. And yet, even with this 
polarization, Abraham and Rahab were 
saved by the same means. 

Jew and Gentile, male and female, 
social elite and social outcast have but 
one hope of eternal life— salvation by 
grace through a working faith. Regard- 
less of nationality, sex, character 
qualities, personality, or social standing, 
to be right with God requires believing 
God's promises with a faith that will 
transform the life into one of obedience. 
We cannot best James' closing remark. 

"For just as the body without the spirit 
is dead, so faith without works is also 
dead" (2:26). 

Works is more than avoiding sin 

When James speaks of works, he has 
much more in mind than just keeping 
oneself free from personal sinful acts. 
His concept of works is dynamic, 
aggressive, and holistic. For James, 
genuine faith will produce works of a 
social dimension, as well as a private 
one. The person of faith will heed 
James' command to "keep oneself 
unstained by the world" (1:27) and also 
stand against showing favoritism (2:1- 
13), oppose materialism (4:1-2), and 
defend the rights of the oppressed (5:1- 
6)— to name a few social concerns that 
James addresses. 

In today's world, the person of 
genuine faith will, on the one hand, 
carry a concern for personal holiness by 
keeping free from immorality and the 
"sins of the flesh," and, on the other 
hand, both care about and act upon the 
pressing social needs of the day. This 
may mean working to relieve world 
hunger, or to witness against war, or to 
support the victims of abortion, or to 
speak out for justice for minority groups, 
or to aid the homeless of the city streets, 
or to address the needs of neighbors who 
cannot make ends meet. 

What then is genuine Christianity? 

Justification comes by faith alone— the 
great cry of the Reformation— but not by 
the faith that is alone (void of works)— 
the essence of James' teaching. Genuine 
Christianity is both faith— right belief 
about the things of God— and works \it | 
zing as the people of God. I — J 

—right living ; 

Galen R. Hackman is a Church of the Brelhren 
missionary, leaching at Kulp Bible College, near 
Mubi. Nigeria. 

April 1991 Messenger 23 



For Brethren today: 

No creed but the New Testament? 

by Richard B. Gardner 

'If any one voice in scriptumid'-^dminates our 

reading of the whole that it drowns out other 

voices, we have a serious problem.' 

Slogans. Most of the groups or organiza- 
tions I know have some slogan, some 
catchy phrase they use to describe 

"Be prepared." 

"In God we trust." 

"The quality goes in before the name 
goes on." 

"Veritas liberat." 

So it is, likewise, in the Church of the 
Brethren. And one of the slogans we like 
to cite provides the title of this article: 
"No creed but the New Testament." 

The position summed up in this slogan 
goes all the way back to the 18th 
century. According to Samuel Smith, a 
Quaker historian in colonial Pennsylva- 
nia, the Brethren "have a great esteem 
for the New Testament, valuing it higher 
than all other books, and if they are 
asked about the articles of their faith, 
they know of no other than what is 
contained in this book, and therefore can 
give none." 

In the era of our early forebears, such 
a position was quite novel. It contrasted 
sharply with the mindset of many 
religious groups, who fought wars over 
creeds and sought to silence dissenters. 

But that was then. What about today? 
Is the slogan "No creed but the New 

24 Messenger April 1991 

Testament" only a relic of history? Or 
does it still say something important 
about who we are as Brethren— and who 
we want to be? 

Before answering that question, we 
need to admit up front that our cherished 
slogan has its dangers and limitations. 
Sometimes it has been abbreviated to 
read simply "No creed," conveying the 
mistaken idea that we never confess our 
faith or that convictions are unimportant. 
Sometimes the slogan is used as a basis 
for bashing the Old Testament, over- 
looking the fact that the New Testament 
constantly appeals to the Old. And 
sometimes, regrettably, the slogan has 
been only a slogan, mouthed by persons 
who know neither the creeds nor the 
New Testament. 

So, where does that leave us? In spite 
of its misuse, the slogan "No creed but 
the New Testament" belongs with our 
future as well as our past. It has much to 
teach us about the faith we confess and 
the way we confess it. 

The faith we confess cannot be pack- 
aged once and for all in a neat state- 
ment or system. 

That particular learning did not come 

easily for me. Journal entries from 
earlier days remind me of a time when I 
operated with a very tight doctrinal 
system. I equated that system with true 
faith and was ready to defend it against 
all threats, real or imagined. 

Somewhere along the line, however, 
the system began to crack. I came to 
realize that no statement of faith, no 
well-structured theological system, can 
ever nail God down. God's reality is 
forever overflowing our rational contain 
ers, and God's surprises are forever 
confounding our calculations. 

This does not mean that statements of 
faith are wrong. To the contrary, 
confessing our faith is an essential part 
of our witness, whether in personal 
exchange, congregational worship, or 
papers of Annual Conference. State- 
ments of faith are a means of declaring: 
This is how we perceive God's story at 
this juncture in our own story. 

No matter how well we say it, how- 
ever, no statement is ever the final word 
No matter how well we put the pieces 
together, no system is ever the final 
system. "No creed but the New Testa- 
ment" is a reminder that the mystery of 
God cannot be captured or exhausted in 
our attempts to define that mystery. 

The faith we confess has a clear point 
of reference, a primary story from 
which we take our clues for interpret- 
ing all of life. 

It is commonplace now to describe the 
worid we inhabit as pluralistic. We live 
in a kind of cultural "farmer's market," 
full of booths or stands displaying 
different texts, different traditions, 
different lifestyles, different ideologies. 
In the midst of this market, we con- 
stantly are deciding what to keep, what 
to sell, and what to buy. But how do we 
make those decisions? 

The slogan "No creed but the New 
Testament" helps to define the ground 
rules by which we barter in the market. 
On the one hand, it permits us to draw 
from the diversity around us. Because 
we are not bound by a closed system, we 
are free to sample the wares that others 
offer. Who knows what God might have 
in store for us, from a source we least 

On the other hand, we are guided in 
this process by the New Testament story 
of God's agenda in Jesus Christ. We do 
not wander through the market as 
aimless consumers, but as people formed 
by a particular promise and vision. We 
are ready to explore the truth claims that 
come to us from other sellers. But we 
know that whatever is true and valid 
must in some way fit with our charter 
story, the New Testament story of God 
at work in the world to redeem all 
creation. That is our compass, our 
constant point of reference. 

The faith we confess must be shaped by 
all the voices that speak in the Scrip- 
tures, not just those we know or like 

There is a persistent tendency in the 
church to fasten on one element in 
scripture and overlook the rest. As others 
have put it, we establish our own "canon 
within the canon." 

For some persons, this selective canon 
consists of a favorite section or author in 
the Bible— perhaps the letters of Paul, the 
Sermon on the Mount, or the letter of 
James (see page 20). For others, it may 
be a favorite theme or emphasis— justifi- 
cation by faith, liberating the oppressed, 
or following the way of Jesus. Whatever 
our preferred texts or themes, they 
become the lenses through which we 
read the rest of scripture. 

To be sure, there are times when we 
need to focus on one particular strand of 
the Bible. In a culture that is obsessed 
with law and performance, the grace 
notes of Paul's letters sound a vital 
corrective. In a church where patriarchy 
still reigns, texts that challenge patriar- 
chy deserve our special attention. In a 
violent society, our red-letter texts must 
be those that call us to peace and 


Lowever, if any one voice in scripture 
so dominates our reading of the whole 
that it drowns out other voices, we have 
a serious problem. The faith we confess 
will be a very distorted faith. 

"No creed but the New Testament" is 
a reminder to listen to all the voices of 
the biblical story. As in every choral 
concert, some of the voices and some of 
the numbers may appeal to us more than 
others. It is in the whole program, 
however, that we experience the fullness 
of God's self-disclosure. 

The faith we confess springs from 
direct engagement with the biblical 
writings, not from positions taken by 
those who went before us. 

The issue is well-stated in a query that 
came to our Annual Meeting in 1857: 
"Would it not be better in deciding upon 
all subjects ... to refer first to the Word 
of God, instead of first referring to the 
old minutes?" With brevity and 
wisdom, the delegates gave the answer: 

"We think it always safest to refer first 
to the Word of God!" 

The 19th century Brethren who 
debated this query were free enough 
from the creeds of other churches. At the 
same time, they had become captive to a 
century's worth of traditions of their 
own making, covering every facet of 
life. In confronting this situation, the 
instincts of those who brought the query 
were sound. They realized that it is not 
sufficient to live out of traditions derived 
from the New Testament. It is essential 
in every generation to return to our 
biblical wellsprings and discover anew 
what is there for faith. 

How easily we forget that, however. 
Activists can become content with the 
stale visions of yesterday's movements. 
Theologians can become mired in the 
language and methods of yesterday's 
thought systems. Church boards can 
become stuck in programs that respond 
to yesterday's problems. 

The slogan "No creed but the New 
Testament" points us in a different 
direction. It summons us to turn afresh to 
the primary sources of our faith, and to 
let ourselves be changed by what we 

A Brethren tract from the 1 8th century 
describes this process of discovery and 
transformation rather well: "The 
necessity of Christendom requires that 
all the words of Christ and his Spirit be 
so read, considered, and believed . . . 
that the entire New Testament is written 
into the hearts of its readers, until their 
lives become living letters of God in 
which one can read all the command- 
ments of Jesus Christ." 

When and where this happens. "No 
creed but the New Testament" is more 
than a mere slogan for us to recite. The 
word has become flesh, text 
incarnate in life. 


Richard B. Gardner is assistant professor of New 
Testament at Bethany Theological Seminary. Oak 
Brook, til. He also senes as director of ministry 
training on the General Board staff. 

April 1991 Messenger 25 


Truths noi 

by Paul W. Keller 

In Philadelphia of the late 1720s, 
Benjamin Franklin was just a young 
buck, at least 50 years away from 
becoming the gentle philosopher, 
scientist, and statesman of our history 
books. The German immigrants who 
would become today's Church of the 
Brethren had been in town scarcely a 
decade. Yet, the Dunkers, as they 
already were called, were getting a bad 
press in the City of Brotherly Love. So 
were other sects that espoused peace, 
particularly the Quakers, who had gone 
on record with their principle that no 
kind of war was lawful. 

One day, Dunker Michael Wohlfarht 
fell into conversation with young 
Franklin. The future publisher of The 
Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Rich- 
ard's Almanac was still working for 
other printers at the time. Wohlfahrt was 
out of sorts. The Dunkers, he groused, 
were being "grievously calumniated 
("bad-mouthed," we'd say today) by 
the zealots of other persuasions, and 

were being charged with abominable 
principles and practices to which they 
were utter strangers." 

Franklin listened sympathetically, and 
responded, in effect, "Hey! New sects 
often get this kind of treatment. It's par 
for the course." He suggested for the 
Dunkers ". . .it might be well to publish 
the articles of their belief and the rules 
of their discipline." 

Wohlfahrt had heard that line before. 
He told the printer that the idea had beer 
proposed and discussed among the 
Dunkers and they had decided against it, 
for these reasons: 

"When we were first drawn 
together as a society, it had 
pleased God to enlighten our 
minds so far as to see that some 
doctrines which were esteemed 
truths, were errors, and that 
others which we had esteemed 
errors were real truths. From 
time to time he has been 
pleased to afford us further 
light, and our principles have 
been improving and our errors 

Michael Wohlfahrt: 'Denouncing vengeance' 

The Michael Wohlfahrt who modestly told Benjamin Franklin of being unsure that he 
had arrived "at the perfection of spiritual or theological knowledge" was no longer 
assailed by uncertainty once he joined Coru-ad Beissel's Ephrata society. Franklin 
affords this vignette of "Brother Angonius" as gadfly at best and prophet of doom at 
worst, in the September 24, 1734, issue of The Pennsylvania Gazette: 

"Yesterday morning Michael Wohlfahrt, one of the Christian Philosophers of 
Conestoga, appeared in full Market in the Habit of a Pilgrim, his Hat of Linnen, his 
Beard at full Length, and a long Staff in his Hand. He declared himself sent by 
Almighty God to denounce Vengeance against the Iniquity and Wickedness of the 
Inhabitants of this City and Province, without speedy Repentance. The Earnestness of) 
his Discourse, which continu'd near a quarter of an Hour, the Vehemence of his 
Action, and the Importance of what he delivered, commanded the Attention of a 
Multitude of People. And when he had finished, he went away unmolested." 

26 Messenger April 1991 

to self-evident 

diminishing. Now we are not 
sure that we have arrived at the 
end of this progression and at 
the perfection of spiritual or 
theological knowledge, and we 
fear that if we should once print 
our confession of faith, we 
should feel ourselves as if 
bound and confined by it, and 
perhaps be unwilling to receive 
further improvement, and our 
successors still more so, as con- 
ceiving what their elders and 
founders had done to be 
something sacred— never to be 
departed from." 
Ben Franklin was mightily impressed. 
This modesty in a sect," he wrote 
ears later in his autobiography, "is 
erhaps a singular instance in the history 
f mankind, every other sect supposing 
self in possession of all truth and 
lat those who differ are so far in the 
'rong. ..." 

Pretty heady stuff, that kind of praise. 
00 bad that Michael Wohlfahrt did not 
ve up to the image projected to 
lenjamin Franklin. Prominent in the 
'onestoga congregation of the Dunkers, 
e came under the sway of maverick 
lonrad Beissel and locked horns with 
le Dunkers' leader, Alexander Mack. 
;/hen Beissel split off and began 
jrming the Ephrata society, Wohlfahrt 
allowed him and became his faithful 
Brother Angonius." He became 
nathema to Mack's followers, appear- 
ig in their meetings and, claiming to 
peak by direct revelation from God, 
enouncing those who refused to submit 
) Conrad Beissel 's teaching and 

In spite of Wohlfahrt not living up to 
ranklin's billing, the truth is that the 
rethren are part of a remarkable 

The Jirsf Brethren gathered together because 
they were not satisfied to accept the state church 
catechism as a final word. They saw that human 
beings . . . and their institutions . . . were too 
faulted for finality. We were, at our beginning, 
dissenters from certainty. 

Benjamin Franklin wasn't a big name yet when he met Michael Wohlfahrt. 

April 1991 Messenger 27 



tradition, whose unusual roots we often 
overlook. We marvel at the insight and 
wisdom of the founders of this nation- 
Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, James 
Madison, and the others. They had a 
vision of checks and balances in govern- 
ment that proved durable and produced a 
model that has served other nations. 

For similar reasons we should appreci- 
ate the insights of our Church of the 
Brethren founders. They sensed two 
truths not so self-evident to members of 
other religious groups: 1) Understanding 
is never complete, and 2) written 
authority can be injurious to your mental 
and spiritual health. 

Understanding (religious and other- 
wise) is never complete; it is a process. 

The Brethren founders knew that what 

looked like enlightenment needed more 
enlightenment. As Wohlfahrt explained, 
"Doctrines which were esteemed truths 
were errors, and . . . others which we had 
esteemed errors were real truths." Then 
the founders came to a conclusion that is 
the very essence of all learning: "Now 
we are not sure that we are arrived at the 
end of this progression." 

There is profound humility in that 
statement. It acknowledges that human 
beings are limited, that their knowledge 
is incomplete, and they have personal 
needs and wants that color anything they 
think or believe. 

Michael Wohlfahrt's statement 
represents a shining moment in our 
history, consistent with how our whole 
fellowship had its beginning. That little 
cluster of "first" Brethren gathered 
together because they were not satisfied 

J. H. Moore: 'Spoiling a little history' 

Editor J. H. Moore wrote in the May 2, 1931, Gospel Messenger, "We must spoil a 
little history for some of our writers and public speakers. It has been frequently 
asserted that the Brethren of colonial days refused to formulate and publish a state- 
ment of the faith and practice of the church for the reason given by Michael Wohlfahrt 
(in his conversation with Benjamin Franklin)." Moore's speculation was that Franklin 
"... seems not to have known that there were two separate bodies of people then 
known as Dunkers or German Baptists; one with headquarters at Germantown and the 
other at Ephrata. ..." Wohlfahrt, claimed Moore, "... was not a member of the 
Church of the Brethren." 

Moore, who called Conrad Beissel and his followers "dreamers, theological 
speculators and mystical in the extreme," had as his main point the contention that 
Mack's followers, on the other hand, ". . . had some understanding about their tenets, 
faith and practice, their doctrinal claims. ..." 

He countered other writers' claims that Wohlfahrt was speaking to Franklin about 
Alexander Mack's followers by citing Mack's publications Grundforschende Fragen 
(Basic Questions) and Rechte und Ordnungen (Rights and Ordinances). 

Michael Wohlfahrt was bom in 1687 in Memel (now in Lithuania). He migrated 
to Pennsylvania in the 1720s and was baptised by Conrad Beissel in the Conestoga 
congregation in 1725. Devoted to Beissel, Wohlfahrt followed him when he broke 
with the Brethren in 1728. He remained an active member of the Ephrata society until 
his death in 1741. 

J. H. Moore wrote off Michael Wohlfahrt as one who "... probably did some 
good, but as a proselyter, a great deal of mischief, and would doubtless have passed 
into the realms of unknown history had it not been for the interview with Benjamin 
Franklin. . . ."— Kermon Thomasson 

28 Messenger April 1991 

to accept the state church catechism as al 
final word. They saw that human beings 
. . . and their institutions . . . were too 
faulted for finality. We were, at our 
beginning, dissenters from certainty. 

Written authority can be injurious to 
your mental and spiritual health. 

Consider Wohlfahrt's words: ". . . [W]e 
fear that ... we should feel ourselves asi 
if bound and confined by (a printed 
confession of faith) . . . and our succes- 
sors still more so, as conceiving what 
their elders and founders had done to be 
something sacred— never to be departed 

People are seduced by two tempta- 
tions—the desire for certainty and the 
wish to control the thinking of others. 
Early Brethren sensed a need to resist 

4oth temptations. They refused to 
ssume they had some final word and 
hey refused to saddle future genera- 
ions with the weight of their authority. 
Marshall McLuhan was right: The 
nedium is the message. Something put 
nto print looks more certain than it is. 
\nyone who questions it is threatened 
ivith the "sin" of nonconformity. 
) The person who wants things written 
llown, once and for all, is like the man in 
William Saroyan's fable who had a cello 
vith only one string on it. He would sit 
or hours, drawing his bow over the one 
string, all the while holding his finger in 
me place. The man's wife put up with 
his awful noise for a long time, but 
inally she got the courage to speak to 
lim about it. "I've noticed," she said 
/ery quietly, "that when others play the 
;ello, they have four strings over which 
hey draw the bow and they move their 
"ingers around constantly." Her husband 
stopped playing for a moment, looked 
lard at her, and responded: "You just 
ion't understand. Of course the others 
nove their fingers around constantly, 
rhey are looking for the place. I have 
bund it! ' ' 

That is a state of mind the early 
Brethren were determined to avoid, 
lence the noncreedal church we have 
ilways been— "No creed but the New 

But a new breeze is blowing across the 
and. The fastest growing denominations 
)ffer a menu of theological certainties 
hat seems irresistible to millions of 
jeople. By comparison, the Brethren's 
simple fare seems pallid and insipid. 

Maybe that accounts for recent calls 
imong the Brethren for more reliance on 
;he authority of Annual Conference, for 
nore disciplined membership, and for 
dynamic certainties to reverse the 
slippage in membership. We yearn for 
unanimity and the single voice. We 
iflagellate ourselves because we don't all 
hold the same theology. And we take it 
as a given that we are losing members 

Ben Franklin: 'Traveling in fog' 

Benjamin Franklin contrasted the Brethren with those who suppose themselves in pos- 
session of all truth, who are ". . . like a man traveling in foggy weather: Those at 
some distance before him on the road he sees wrapped up in the fog, as well as those 
behind him, and also the people in the fields on each side. But near him all appears 
clear, though in truth he is as much in the fog as any of them." 

because we have diluted our message. 

A friend tells me of a religious sect in 
which dissent is quieted with the simple 
statement "The thinking's been done on 
that." There is, I fear, an increasing 
number of members of the Church of the 
Brethren who wish for a voice that 
speaks with that authority. 

We need the message of Michael 
Wohlfahrt to help us stay the course. His 
message came at a time when the 
Dunkers felt threatened and put upon. Its 
power was in holding fast to a founding 
principle on the ground that it was true, 
not on the ground that it worked. 

The Church of the Brethren has a 
tradition its members should appreciate. 
William P. Robinson reminds us in 
"The Unique Challenge of the Faith We 
Have to Share" (Brethren Life and 
Thought, Summer 1990) that we con- 
tinue to make unique contributions in 
peace and social justice, in modeling the 
simple life, in service at home and 

abroad, and in noncreedalism. Now is no 
time for a loss of nerve. It is a time, 
rather, for reaffirming our beginnings: 
We are a learning, questing, searching 

Our base is far wider than a rigid 
authoritarianism and, for the long run, 
far stronger. If it is true (and I believe it 
is) that we always will need "new 
vision" to revitalize us, the soil of 
openness that has been with us from our 
beginning is ideal for planting and 
nurturing that vision. 

The Church of the Brethren stands as a 
living reminder that there can be 
commitment without domination, 
conviction without dogma, and 
action without intimidation. 


Paul W. Keller is professor emeritus of speech 
communication at Manchester College and a 
member of the Manchester Church of the Brethren. 
North Manchester. Ind. In the middle 1940s he 
served as an assistant to Messenger editor 
Desmond W. Billinger. 

April 1991 Messenger 29 


Remembering our martyr; 

Hated by Protestants and Catholics alike, the 
Anabaptist 'radical reformers' not only were 
bent on reforming the church but on restoring itS 
The price for many was martyrdom. 

by Kermon Thomasson 

In today's world of religious pluralism, 
it's hard to imagine people in the 16th 
century being tortured, burned at the 
stake, or drowned over the issue of how 
one is to be baptized. 

Even after the Protestant Reformation, 
infant baptism— the accepted mode for 
most of Christian history— remained in 
practice. Baptizing only adults— those 
who chose to be baptized— was a far-out 
notion that cut at the heart of both 
church and state. 

Yet it was just one of many revolu- ' 
tionary ideas of the Anabaptists ("rebap 
tizers")— the "radical reformers." The ' 
issue of civil government was another 
factor in the creation of Anabaptism. 
Some of the Anabaptists wanted a totall; 
self-governing church, free of govern 
ment meddling. And these radicals 
didn't want merely to reform the church] 
they wanted to restore it wholly to what 
they perceived to be its initial purity ancf 

Elaborate church bureaucracies 
rankled the Anabaptists. Decisions, they 


Dirk Willems rescues his pursuer 

Dirk Willems, of Asperen (in today's Netherlands), as an Anabaptist, was being held i 
a castle turned into a prison. He let himself out of a window with a rope made of 
knotted rags, dropping onto the ice that covered the castle moat. 

Seeing Dirk escape, a guard pursued him as he fled. Running across a pond 
covered with thin ice, the emaciated Dirk did not break through. His heavier pursuer, 
however, did not make it. Dirk heard his cries, turned back, and rescued him. The 
ungrateful guard seized Dirk and returned him to captivity. 

Tradition holds that Dirk's execution by burning was bungled, with a high wind 
blowing the flames away from him, delaying his death. The town's present-day 
citizens consider Dirk a folk hero and have named an Asperen street in his honor. 

30 Messenger April 1991 

^n Anabaptist loses his cover 

,ugustijn, a baker of Beverwijk (in today's Netherlands) was an Anabaptist who had 
le protection of the town's police officer. But one day the mayor, a fanatic of the 
aditional faith, had Augustijn arrested while his friend was out of town. Surprised at 
is breadmaking, Augustijn had no time to escape. He was hastily tried, sentenced to 
eath, and rushed off to a bed of hot coals. 

The taunting mayor assured Augustijn that he was destined for hell. The doomed 
lan turned on his persecutor, sharply commanding him to appear for judgment before 
rod within three days. 

Immediately after the execution, the mayor fell ill. Deranged in mind, he cried 
ut over and over, "Peat and wood," and died within the prescribed three days. 

Urk Willems rushes back to save his pursuer, only to be returned to captivity. 

Augustijn, an Anabaptist baker in 
Beverwijk, thought he was safe, having 
the town police officer as his protector. 
But while the friend was out of town, 
Augustijn' s enemies seized him and took 
him away to trial and execution. 

declared, should be made not by a 
hierarchical leader but by the entire 

Separation of church and state was 
another central Anabaptist tenet. The 
church, they said, is to be composed of 
free, "uncompelled" people. One's 
conscience should not be coerced by the 

The Anabaptists saw nonviolence as 
central to Jesus' teaching, so pacifism 
was another important feature of their 
lives. Jesus' followers should be distinct 
from society, even a society that called 
itself "Christian." 

Anabaptism was too much for both the 
traditional Catholic church and the new 
Protestant followers of Martin Luther 
and the other great reformers. For them, 
Anabaptist extremism justified their 
being persecuted, executed by fire, 
sword, garrote, gallows, or drowning. 
Thousands of Anabaptists paid for their 
convictions with their lives. 

A Dutch writer, Thieleman Jansz. van 
Braght, wrote and published in 1660 a 
massive book on the persecutions 
because he thought the Anabaptists of 
his time needed the witness of their 
forerunners who had so courageously 
died for their faith. The book is known 
today as Martyrs Mirror. 

To illustrate a 1685 edition of the 
book, a premier Dutch printmaker, Jan 
Luyken, produced 104 copper plates that 
captured scenes of public torture and 

April 1991 Messenger 31 

V ^BrttfiTtn 

death. Until recent years the original 
plates were thought to have been lost in 
the destruction caused by World War II. 
But 30 of them were discovered in 1975 
—straggling survivors of a 300-year 

Seven of these plates were purchased 
in 1977 by an Old Order Mennonite 
historian, Amos Hoover, of Lancaster 
County, Pa. The other 23 plates disap- 
peared into the hands of a Rhineland art 
collector by the name of Lamberts. 
Hoover retained two plates and sold his 
other five to interested persons and 

institutions. The Brethren Historical 
Library and Archives acquired one, and 
Bethany Theological Seminary another. 
(See sidebar, page 33.) 

In 1988 Hoover got word that the art 
collector had died and the remaining 
plates were up for sale. After a tedious 
round of negotiations the plates were 
purchased on behalf of various Mennon- 
ite patrons. 

Good Books, of Intercourse, Pa., 
recently has published Mirror of the 
Martyrs, in which is reproduced the 30 
etchings matching the copper plates now 

known to exist. Brief versions of the 
stories that the etchings illustrate are told 
by the book's authors— John S. Oyer and 
Robert S. Kreider. Oyer teaches at 
Goshen (Ind.) College and Kreider has 
taught at Bluffton (Ohio) College and 
Bethel College, North Newton, Kan. 

Write Oyer and Kreider, "These 
artistic works should ... be received 
gratefully as a conduit of a collective 
memory. Encompassed by the caring 
wings of story, a people nurtures and 
passes on its faith. These ancient plates 
offer an opportunity to tell in fresh ways I 

Ephrata prior Peter Miller spent three 
years translating Martyrs Mirror. The 
result was a huge 1 .500-page, leather- 
bound tome (below). The Ephrata logo 
(above, right) says. ' 'Work and hope." 

Ephrata prints a Martyrs Mirror j 

At the request of Pennsylvania Mennonites, the Ephrata society, a group that broke 
from Alexander Mack's followers in 1728, printed a new edition of Martyrs Mirror in 
1751 that ran to more than 1,500 pages. Jan Luyken's illustrations are not carried in 
this edition. It did feature, however, a frontispiece depicting the immersion baptism ol 
Jesus. This was left out of copies sold to Mennonites, who did not baptize by immer- 
sion. Brethren buyers, who held to trine immersion, got copies with the baptism scene 

Peter Miller, prior at the Ephrata Cloister, had the task of translating the book. A 
visitor to the cloister in 1753 recorded his conversation with Miller: "He showed me ' 
the History of the Persecutions of the Anabaptists, a large and thick folio volume, ' 
which he himself had translated from the Holland into the German language, and had ■ 
afterwards had it printed there in Ephrata, saying that it was the largest book that had 
been printed in Pennsylvania, as also that he had labored for three years upon the 
translation, and was at the same time so burthened with work that he did not sleep 
more than four hours during the night. ..." 

When the Revolutionary War broke out in the 1770s the American army seized 
from the Ephrata Cloister the remaining stock of the book, using the paper for car- ' 
tridge wadding ... to the consternation of the pacifist community. As recorded in the 
society's official record, Chronicon Ephratense, "This gave great offence in the 
country, and many thought that the war would not end favorably because the memo- 
rial of the holy martyrs had been thus maltreated."— Kermon Thomasson 

32 Messenger April 1 99 1 

brethren own Martyrs Mirror plates 

ivo of the 30 Jan Luyken copper plates, from the seven acquired in 1977 by Amos 
oover, were purchased by Brethren institutions. The Brethren Historical Library and 
rchives, in Elgin, 111., now owns the plate depicting the execution of Hendrik 
smkens. Eemkens, an illiterate tailor from East Frisia (islands off the coast of 
ermany), used his vast store of memorized scripture to counter the arguments of the 
ergy who tried to make him recant. At Eemkens' execution a bag of gunpowder was 
ing around his neck and fired before his body was burned. His executioners consid- 
ed killing with gunpowder more humane than the slower burning to death. 

Bethany Theological Seminary, in Oak Brook, 111., owns the plate depicting the 
;capitation of Wolfgang Binder, of Scharding, Bavaria. 

endrik Eemkens (above, right) was executed "humanely" by the exploding of a bag 
'gunpowder tied around his neck. Wolfgang Binder (right) was killed by 
^capitation, a more common means of execution practiced in the 1 6th century. 

)w in perilous times the faithful 
illowed Christ with joyful abandon." 
The plates carry a universal story, the 
ithors point out. "Although denying 
e practice publicly, many governments 
ill carry out evil acts of torture. More 
isoners of conscience languish now in 
nely cells than in the 1500s. In the 
)th century more people have been 
lied for conscience sake than in any 
her century in history. The Anabaptist 
artyrs have kinship with a host of 
artyrs past and present." 
The Brethren, whose movement was 
lunded in Schwarzenau, Germany, in 
708, were latter-day Anabaptists who 
tperienced persecution in Europe that 
id nothing of the dimensions of the 
errors depicted in Mirror of the 
'artyrs. Yet those martyrs writhing in 
;ony in Jan Luyken's etchings are the 
)iritual ancestors of us Brethren of 
'day. Separated from us by four 
mturies, still they are our sisters and 
others in the faith. Struggling to live 
it our Anabaptist beliefs in today's 
lUralistic and materialistic world, we 
ive much to learn from the 
iges of this book. 


The horror of it all 

Even we who can remember Ku Klux Klan lynchings of blacks and Jews not so long 
ago and all of us who are jaded by the violence we see on television (including the 
killings in the Middle East) are horrified by the carnage of the Anabaptist persecutions 
portrayed in Mirror of the Martyrs. Executioners frequently bungled their gory work 
and were derided in turn by spectators in the carnival atmosphere of the event. 
The executioner strangled, then burned David van der Leyens of Ghent (in 
today's Belgium). After the coals had died down around David's supposedly lifeless 
corpse, spectators cried out that he still lived. Goaded by their jeers, the executioner 
plunged a large iron fork into David's breast. 

The executioner makes sure that David van der Leyens is no longer alive. 

Mirror of the Martyrs is available 
om Good Books, Main St., Intercourse, 
A17534. Tel. (717)768-7171. 

April 1991 Messenger 33 

f- .■« 

July 22-25 

Manchester College 
N. Manchester, Indiana 

August 5-8 

Bridgeiuater College 
Bridgeujater, Virginia 





Cynthia Hale 

Pastor, Ray of Hope Christian 
Church, Decatur, GA. 

Herb Miller 

Executive Director, National 

Euangelistic Association; 

National Leadership 


July 29- August 1 

University of LaUerne 
LaUerne, California 

August 12-15 

UJarner Pacific College 
Portland, Oregon 

Gary Demarest 

Associate Director of Euangelism and 
Church Deuelopment, Presbyterian 
Church USA. 

Jeremiah lUright 

Pastor, Trinity United 

Church of Christ, 

Chicago, IL. 

July 15-18 

McPherson College 
McPherson, Kansas 

August 19-22 

Life Enrichment Center 
Leesburg, Florida 

Frank Harrington 

Pastor, Peachtree Presbyterian Church 
Atlanta, GA. 

Eddie Gibbs 

Professor of Euangelism, 

Fuller Theological Seminary, 

Pasadena, CA. 

Brochures and an interpretatiue uideo are available 

Contact: Euangelism Leaders Academy 

1451 Dundee Auenue Elgin, IL 60120 1-800-323-8039 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Horror movies scare the 
daylights out of me. 

Whenever I watched one 
as a kid it was weeks before 
I could make it through the 
night without a trip to my 
parents' bed. Even now, if I 
accidentally glimpse a scene 
during a preview I have an 
irrational urge to cross 
myself and recite the rosary 
. . . except that I don't know 
the rosary. 

So while I don't make a 
habit of watching them, it 
seems to me that the "hor- 
ror' ' component of typical 
horror movies revolves 
around dead things that 
won't stay dead— zombies, 
vampires, mummies, ghosts 
—dangerous creatures that 
are supposed to have died 
but who continue to terrorize 
the living because they are 
not really dead. 

On the psychological 
level, the same scenario 
repeats itself in our lives. 
Often we are most terrorized 
and immobilized by some 
past occurrence that's 
supposed to be a dead issue, 
but instead keeps reaching 
out from its grave. It may be 
a guilty secret, an honest 
mistake, a destructive habit, 
an old grudge, or the silent 
shame borne by an assault 
victim. But what inevitably 
happens in many a person's 
life is that one mistakenly 
assumes that such things are 
dead when they're only 
dormant . . . buried alive. 

Among the most frequent- 
ly voiced misconceptions 
concerning the therapeutic 
process is the idea that "all 

the therapists do is dwell on 
the past and blame the 
parents for everything. Why 
dredge all that stuff up. . . . 
Aren't we supposed to 
forgive and forget and just 
get on with life?" Yeeesss, 
but . . . 

Haven't you placed 
carefully wrapped leftovers 
in your refrigerator, forgot- 
ten about them, and then 
found them spoiled? In spite 
of the cool temperature, in 
spite of being sealed off 
from other perishables, 
eventually the stench of the 
spoiled food permeates the 
whole compartment and if 
you don't act fast the good 
stuff is contaminated by the 

And haven't you seen cuts 
and abrasions that on the 
surface seemed to be healing 
over, but underneath were 
teeming with infection? 
Everyone knows that in such 
cases you can't cure the 
infection unless you reopen 
the wound. 

Ignoring something does 
not make it go away. Denial 
is not death. In order for a 
painful part of our past to 
die, it has to be killed. In 
order to kill it, we must do 
battle. And in order to do 
battle, we must confront it. 
Then and only then can we 
bury it and expect it to stay 

In his letter to the 
Corinthian church, Paul 
stresses how that which is 
sown does not come to life 
unless it dies (Cor. 15:36). If 
the seed does not die, it will 
not produce fruit. Newness 

then can only happen after a 
death and a burial. On a 
spiritual level, we symbolize 
this through baptism. How- 
ever, we run into problems 
when attempting to apply 
this principle in our day-to- 
day lives and personal his- 
tories, because "dying" 
hurts and "burial" is hard 
work. Which is why most 
people avoid doing either. 

Consequently, the thera- 
peutic process often necessi- 
tates a confrontation battling 
the "psychological zom- 
bies" and "emotional 
mummies" so they can be 
killed and buried. Which in 
turn sets us free to newness 
—new options, new possibili- 
ties, and new depth in rela- 
tionships without the icy 
fingers of not-yet-dead issues 
clawing at us from inconti- 
nent "graves." 

In horror movies, the story 
reaches a resolution only 
after the protagonist success- 
fully kills the frightening 
creature. In real life the 
death of old fears, memories, 
and resentments also brings a 
successful resolution. But 
left to themselves they 
usually don't die; they only 
fester. Confronting them 
releases us from their grip, 
neutralizes their power, and 
allows "forgetting what lies 
behind and straining forward 
to what lies ahead" 
(Phil. 3:13). 

Robin Wentworth App, of 
Nappanee, Ind.. is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren. Etna Green, Ind. 

April 1991 Messenger 35 


Have you noticed? MESSENGER has gotten closer 
to home. 

We've expanded our local news into two sec- 
tions-In Touch and Close to Home. In Touch 
profiles people we'd like you to meet. Close to 
Home highlights news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, and other local and regional life. 

But that's not all. Mixed Reviews offers you 
a Brethren critique of various media. Turning 
Points lists new members of the church. And the 
informal Stepping Stones column is designed to 
help you through life's ups and downs. 

Take a closer look. We're closer to you. 

MESSENGER. We're bringing you home. 

Encouraging disciple makers 

As pastor of the Elkins congregation, I 
am extremely grateful for the gift of 
February Messengers to our members. 
Many of these Brethren will really enjoys 
reading Messenger . . . most of them 
for the very first time. 

I really like the new format of the 
magazine. And it's uplifting to see new 
members listed. That encourages our 
congregations to work hard at making 

D.Arnold Naff Sr 
Elkins, W. Va 

Stirred by February issue 

The February Messenger was great. I 
liked the cover and other pictures, the 
print, the church news, the mission 
news, and all the other informative 
articles. Continue on! 

Erma Petri 
North Manchester, Ina 

A few years ago I wouldn't have 
bothered to read Messenger. But I have 
been deeply moved by recent issues, 
such as December 1990 and February. 

I was particularly stirred by the 
February issue, which I read in Colo- I 
rado, while at a district stewardship 
commission meeting. Joyce McFadden'i 
piece on spiritual renewal. Bob Bow- 
man's "A Lawyer With Convictions" 
(which makes me want to know our 
moderator and brother Phil Stone), and 
"Cain Lackey: A Mountain Legend" 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive thei 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions arii. 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful o\ 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letter j 
that respond directly to items read in the magazint 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print <A«J 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

36 Messenger April 1991 

Pontius' Puddle 

e some of the most moving reading 
lyone could find. 

These articles are spiritually uplifting 
id upholding to one who affirms that 
e Church of the Brethren needs new 
rection ... in the midst of more than a 
ndful of Brethren who hold a pharisai- 
1 view that the Church of the Brethren 
n do no wrong. 

Larry L. Ditmars 
Lincoln, Neb. 

auding the legend 

le Cain Lackey "legend" was much 
predated. It provided insight into our 
rlier Brethren— how they lived and 
iw they influenced our church of 

Tucked away among the hills and 
Jleys of Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
irginia, and West Virginia, there must 
many more stories like this one. I 
ish our Brethren historians would write 
sm up for us. 

Glenn Klahre 
Everett, Pa. 

[)u know the type 

le "type watching" that Cheryl Martin 
scribes in "Mixed Reviews" (Janu- 
y, page 29) also is dealt with in the 
lok Please Understand Me, available at 
DSt bookstores. A 75-question test 
veals your type. The rest of the book 
plains the various types in easily 
iderstood language. 
Here in Idaho District we used the 
pewatching with our district board and 
scovered that we were typical. Ninety- 
/e percent of ministers are "intuitive 
elers" (IF), which means their first 
mcem is people and feelings. Seventy- 
/e percent of congregations are 
sensation judging" (SJ), which means 
eir first concern is tradition and duty, 
ith this knowledge we can understand 
e conflict between ministers and 
ingregations: The minister asks, "How 
ill this program affect people?" The 
lurch board asks, "How will this 
ogram affect the budget (or change 

NOTICE: Church and dislrici newslellers ihal reprint ' 'Pontius' Puddle' ' from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526- 


TUis. IS YooR ^A^lr^ 
AMP^^Bl^^^, pontics. 
OIVE tAE rwE. 


THOO SH^\.L mX COM^-\ \ 
TrtOO SHML ^40T SWE^U ' 

rAO«.E U\P. 

( )nc Step ;it a 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 







W'^r~" -' 


^ ^ 


Pictured with Denise (at right), a senior at McPherson College, are her parents 
Velva Wagner Butler and Donald Butler. 

^^McPhenon College offers a good ratio of students to professors and a variety of oppottunities to be in- 
volved in — churck, academic programs, and extracurricular activities. " 

— Donald '55 and Velva Wagner Butler '54 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 
Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


* Awards are 
renetvable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Address _ 


Phone t- 

. State . 

. Zip . 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call coUect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability 

April 1991 Messenger 37 


tradition)?'" When you understand what 
is important to the other person, it is 
easier to be tolerant— and easier to find 
solutions to problems. 

The book is a great resource for a 
board retreat, making board members 
better able to understand each other. Its 
use might make it possible for a pastor 
to stay in a congregation longer (see 
January, pages 12-18). It's also good for 
marriage counseling: Expectations of 
marriage partners become more realistic. 

From the 

Office of Human Resources ^ 


More than half of the Church of 
the Brethren congregations call 
part-time pastors to serve them! 
Have you considered re-locating 
to serve? Or in retirement, have 
you considered serving one of 
these congregations? 

For further conversations, contact 
your District Executive or Robert 
Faus, Consultant for Ministry, 1451 
Dundee Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120. 

Public schools in Idaho use the 
concept to match students and teachers. 
An SJ (duty) teacher becomes impatient 
with an SP (freedom) student, who feels 

that few things are worth giving up 
personal freedom. 

Donis Murdo< 
Boise. 1dm 



Gifts and Giving ^ 

August 1 - 4, 1991 ^^ X/ 1 ^^ 


Elizabethtown College ^^ £ / 1 1 

V ! 

Elizabethtown, Pa. M X / \ \ 


featuring / l(/| /J ^ 


Celia Allison Hahn 1 1 \l §(11 1 


Editor-in-Chief 1 \^-t\( J 


Alban Institute Publications % \ 1 l\^^ 


$140 postmarked by June 10, 1991 ^L \ ^ 


$160postmarkedafter June 10, 1991 ^^^ J J ^ 


Commuters : $ 1 00 by June 1 "V ^^ 


$115 after June 10 y 


DEADLINE: July 8, 1991 


For brochures and scholarship information contact 


Program for Women, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120 


(708)742-5100, ext. 279 



WANTED-Young adults, ages 18-35, are invited to unique 
opportunity for service, fellowship, worship, Bible study. 
Young adult workcamp in Portland, Ore., June 25-July 1, 
1991 (week before Annual Conference). Young adults will 
team up with Habitat for Humanity in Portland, renovate 
number of older houses. Low income families are enabled 
to purchase their own homes at more reasonable cost 
because of this volunteer labor. Cost is $70 for entire week 
(inclds. food, housing, work materials, etc.). Registration 
forms available by writing to Chris Ivlichael, YouthA'oung 
Adult Ministry Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

FOR SALE-H/story of the Nokesville Church of the Breth- 
ren. 1883-1950, by J. Robert Beahm. 57-page illustrated 
booklet describes this Northern Virginia congregation. 
Included is brief history of Hebron Seminary, which in its 1 5 
yrs. had as students or faculty Brethren leaders I. N. H. 
Beahm, William Beahm, Anna Beahm Mow, Baxter Mow, 
Sarah Beahm Miller, Samuel Harley, William Moomaw, 
Early Flohr, Mary Royer, Guy West, Russell West, Isaac 
Sanger, and J. F. Graybill. $6 ppd. Send orders to Church 
of the Brethren Library, P. 0. Box 56, Nokesville, VA 221 23. 

FOR SALE-Our Family Books by Mason: Ziegler Family 
Record (revised), 1990; Va. residents, $33.50; others 
$32.50. John Mason and Mary Ann Miller. 1986; Va. resi- 
dents, $32.50; others $31 .50. Michael Miller of 1692 (in 
process). (Miller m. 1 Susanna Agnes Bechtol; m. 2 Eliza- 

38 Messenger April 1991 

beth Garber, widow of Nicholas Garber.) For information 
SASE. Write; Floyd R. Mason, 4409 Park Rd., Alexandria, 
VA 22312. 

FOR RENT-Modern Ozark country home in south/central 
Mo. Three bdrms., new well, garden spot. Near Churches of 
Brethren. Available mid June. Contact Eldon Coffman, HC 
Rt. 7, Box 24, Cabool, MO 65689. Tel. (417) 962-4493. 

RETIREMENT-Retiring? Come to Washington, Kan., 
where hwry. 36 and 15 intersect in northern Kan. Small rural 
town that takes care of senior citizens. Not far from several 
good sized towns. Small alive Church of the Brethren. Eco- 
nomical housing. Beautiful rolling hills, trees. Long spring- 
time, long fall. Contact John and Edith Ditmars, R.R. 2, Box 
221, Washington, KS, 66968. Tel. (913) 325-2608. 

RETIREMENT-/! Consumer's Guide to Selecting a Retire- 
ment Park can be yours free. Call now for this free educa- 
tional packet. Learn 1 1 secrets of happy, healthy retirement 
park; 7 potential drawbacks of retirement parks; 9 mistakes 
to avoid when choosing retirement park; 26 tough questions 
to ask before selecting retirement park. Plus, get full details 
about The Willows at Camp Verde, northern Ariz., unique 
retirement park in clean, smog-free setting. It's all free. So 
call now toll free 1-800-658-5916 or write to Tom and Jan 
Pobst or Galen and Ruth Snell, The Willows Retirement 
Mobile Park, HC 75, Box 1520, Camp Verde, AZ 86322. 

TRAVEL- You are invited to join Host Wayne F. Geist 
President, Bridgewater College, on tour to exotic orii| 
Tour includes Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Hi 
Kong (July 8-22, 1 991 ). Departure via San Francisco itni 
diately following 1991 Annual Conference, Portland. In 
sive price $3,290 per person (dbl. occupancy) 15- 
adventure inclds. American breakfast each day, and ' 
special dinner and cultural performance as well as k 
tours in four major cities. Economical air connections to ! 
Francisco fr. Portland, Ore.; Washington, D.C.; other po 
can be arranged. For additional info, contact Dr. W 
Geisert, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, VA 22812. 
(703) 828-3362; Fax (703) 828-2160; or Ms. Jacque W 
Halpern, Turner Travel, (800) 542-2029. 

TRAVEL-Annual Conference. A/C coach tour to Ani 
Conference, Portland. Visit Bethany Seminary, E 
hdqtrs. Hear Salt Lake City Mormon Tabernacle 01 
Return route via Victoria, Canadian Rockies, Lake Lot' 
Write J. Kenneth Kreider, 1300 Sheatfer Road, E ■ 
bethtown, PA 17022. ' 

INVITATION-ln Atlanta, Ga., join Faithful Servant Chi,! 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 ■ 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail ai 
85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact John and De il 
Hammer, 5584 Wilmer Dr., Norcross, GA 30092. Tel. (■ 


nnville, Atl N.E.: Elizabeth 
Light. Carl Longnecker. 
Sharon Clark. Beverly Finkle, 
Jackie Weaver, Jeff Snyder. 
Denise Snyder, Fran, Dale, 
Matthew. Michelle, and 
Melonie Bushong 

ntioch, Virlina: Jason M. Jones 

enterHill, W, Pa.:Carland 
Karen Baughman, Delbert, 
Tara. and Cory Smeltzer, 
Roxanne Fink, Lenya Baker 

tiarlottesville, Shen.: Anne 
Weybrighi, George and 
Barbara Henry. Kim Seivers. 
Ryan Spencer, Chris Neofolis. 
Paul and Sarah Bowman 

liiques, Atl. N.E.: Nevin 

[iristian Church Uniting, 
Virlina: Charles Bennett. 
Dawn Bennett, Mary Lee 

lover Creek, M. Pa.: Dusty 
Bassler, Darla, Harry, and 
Shawn Claycomb, Larry 
Criswell. Mary Criswell. 
Kevin. Ryan, and Sherry 
Dilling, Jennifer Dixon. 
Candy Hoover, Jennifer Lear, 
Dorothy Long. Mark Long, 
Kathy Mowery, Glen Norris, 
Robert Reighard, Julie 
Ritchey, Bob. Cindy, and 
Lynea Wareham, Steve Weber 

Doestoga, Atl. N.E.: Richard 
Travis, Melanie Koser. Terry 
Kuny. Holly Kuny. Lindsay 
McElhenny. Brenda Riehl, 
Bruce Snader. Matthew 
Stoltzfus. Amy Yingling. 
Mark Yingling, Robert Good, 
Lori Good, Betty Jane Stoltz- 
fus, Tami Denlinger. Diane 
Gontero. Gary Gontero, Heidi 
Hartmann. Jan Hess, Wes 
Koser, Jay Riehl. Dina 
Smoker. Nancy Good. Wayne 

enance, N. Ohio: Lorraine Grim. 
Susan Perez. Beth Bohn. 
Lynette Galusta. Deana Koch 

ast Chippewa, N. Ohio: Marie 
Patton Buchwalter 

llzabethtown, Atl. N.E.: Clar- 
ence and Jane Crider, Rebecca 
Thomas, Helen Holmes, 
Alfred and Darlene Myers, 
Kenneth and Margaret Shaffer 

reen Tree, All, N.E.: LuAnn 
Gantz. Michail Ganiz, Dory 
Schwanger, John Townsend, 
Ken Risser, Sue Risser, Carl 
Drumheller, Joanne Drum- 
heller, Dave Heckman. 
Charles Stanford 

rottoes, Shen.: Jack and Tina 
Glover. Jeanetle Winegard 

idian Creek, Atl. N. E.: Timothy 
Schwager, Susan Schwager. 
Sandra White. John Hauck. 
Deborah Hauck, John Paul 
Holsey. Joyce Detweiler 

eyser, W. Marva: Scott Hoti, 
Adam Rice, Donald Shiriey, 
Jackqueline Shirley. Cindi 

' Leatherman, Harold Statler, 

I Ruth Statler. Anna Mae Clay, 

I Linda Wilson 

jacey Community, Ore./Wash.: 
Helen Lawrence, Toby Gos- 

ney. Ada Webre, Johnny 
Webre. Lloyd, Denise. and 
Abner Hoage. Carolyn 
Spivey, Alice Colyar, Way- 
land Rice. Maude Rice. Helen. 
Millard, and Barbara Fall, 
Joanne Presley, Harold 
Boone, Leta Boitnott. Clair 
Boitnott. Dawn Wiggins. Ben, 
Pamela, and Alesha Almaraz, 
Bonnie Bieg 

Memorial. M. Pa.: Kathleen 
Greenloaf. Rick Yingling. 
Mark. Nancy, and Heather 
Oldham, Craig Hinish. 
Eugene Feather, Robin Shaw, 
Brice Verbit, Tom Wareham, 
Krisly Hoover, Sherri Verbit 

Middle Creek, Atl. N.E.: Richard 
Pomeroy Jr., Kathy Ann Geib, 
Peter Rutt, Charlene Rutt 

Midway, Atl. N.E.: Lisa Hess, 
Debra Brubaker, Christopher 
Wenger. Kendra Reist, Janelle 
Harrell, Jason Martin, Tammy 
Keller, Eldon Martin. Helen 
Martin, Beverly Bollinger 

Mohrsville, Ati. N.E.: Dustin 
Risser, Michelle Sensenig 

Monroeville, W. Pa.: Charles 
Daw, Andrew Hendricks, 
David Kreke, Robyn Kreke, 
Karen Story, Robert 

Mount Vernon, Shen.; Elwood 
Arehart, Beth Hollen, Fred 
Hollen, Sherrie Tush 

Peace, N. Plains; Vera Daniels, 
Howard Daniels, Kathy Rowe, 
Myrtle Dofner 

Pine Creek, N. Ind.: Deaima Buss, 
Ralph and Joan Baughman. 
Arlene Cohee, Catherine 
Stone, Carolyn Figg, Suzanne 
Figg, Julie Gensinger. Jessica 

Pipe Creek, S/C Ind.: Brenda 
Starkey, Bob Daggelt, Cary 
Stephens. Barb Stephens. 
Brad Dirrim 

Prices Creek, S. Ohio: Heather 
Miller. Gregory McWhinney, 
Kurl McWhinney, Judith 
Shiverdecker, Wanda 

Spring Mount, M. Pa.: Myers 
Kimmel, Lois Kimmel 

Sunnyside, W. Marva: Randy 

Westernporl, W. Marva: Harry 
Kyle. Kimberly Lewis, Carl 
Spiker, Shirley Spiker 

Zion Hill, N. Ohio: Anna Conard, 
Rachel Conard, Jonathan Bell, 
Emily Jacoben, Stacy 
Jacoben, David Bomberger 

195th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orienlation completed January 

25, 1991) 

Cayford, Steve, Glendale, Calif., 

to Washington Office on 

Haiti, Washington, D. C. 
De Maret, Molly, Ft. Worth, 

Texas, to project pending 
Fillmore, Anna, Buffalo Grove. 

Jll., to Unity House Chicago, 

Chicago, 111. 
Romberger, Bill, Bath, N. C, to 

Washington Office on Haiti. 

Washington, D. C. 

Spire, Satnuel, Dandridge, Tenn., 
to Central Evangelical 
Church, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Tijerina, Todd, North Manches- 
ter. Ind., to Building with the 
Voiceless of El Salvador, 
Washington, D. C. 

Truempcr, Rebekah. Valparaiso, 
Ind., to NISBCO. Washington, 

Wallick, Angela, Tulsa, Okla.. to 
On Earth Peace Assembly, 
New Windsor, Md. 


Baker, Jimmy Lee, ordained Jan. 

12, 1991, Pipe Creek, S/C Ind. 
Fike, Matthew P., licensed Aug. 

14. 1990. Oak Park, W. Marva 
Romack, C. Richard, licensed Jan. 

12, 1991. Muncie, S/C Ind. 
Waas, Martha Susan, ordained 

Jan. 12. 1991. Northview. S/C 

Wilkes, O. Magee. ordination 

received Nov. 10. 1990, East 

Valley, Pac. S.W. 


Allen, richard. from other 

denomination to Andrews, 

S/C Ind. 
Bitner, Robert, from secular to 

Harris Creek. S. Ohio 
Cloyd, Gary, from secular to 

Beech Grove, S. Ohio 
Coffman, Eldon M., from Cabool, 

S. Mo./Ark., to English River, 

N. Plains 
Elgin, Glenn, from secular to 

Pleasant Dale. Virlina 
Griffith, Tony, from other 

denomination to Beech 

Grove, S. Ohio 
Mallow, Terrell, from Glendale. 

M. Pa., to Maple Grove, W. 

Morris, Robert III, from Marion. 

N. Ohio, to Bridgewater, 

Noffsinger, Bruce, from Mount 

Hermon, Virlina. to HoUins 

Road, Virlina 
Payne, Russell, from Liberty, 

S.E.. to Blissville. N. Ind. 
Penrod, Robert, from Emmanuel, 

S. Ohio, interim, to 

Emmanuel, S. Ohio 
Reeves, Marvin, from retirement, 

to Pleasant View, Virlina 


Fike, Ralph and Dorothy. 

Westemport, Md., 50 
Marsh, Irvin and Edna, 

Westemport. Md.. 60 
Millard, Edward and Ann, North 

Canton. Ohio. 50 
Shriver, Landis and Virginia, 

Saxton. Pa., 50 
West, Lester and Cecille, Prescott. 

Iowa, 50 
Ziegler, Wilmer and Myra, 

Annville, Pa., 50 


Allman, Dorothy, 68, Greensburg, 
Pa.. Oct. 20, 1990 

Bariko, Michael, 73. Harrison 
City. Pa,,Jun. 8. 1990 

Baughman, Charles. 84. Gettys- 
burg. Pa.. Nov. 27. 1990 

Blair, Mildred, 81, Somerset. Pa.. 
Sep. 27. 1990 

Boyer, Charles. 79. Sandy Spring. 
Md..Jan. 19. 1991 

Burnett, Frances, 88. Richmond. 
Ind.. Dec. 19. 1990 

Caccia, Betty. 67. Greensburg. 
Pa.. Aug. 28, 1990 

Claypool, Mildred, 67, 

Kittanning, Pa.. Oct. 12. 1990 

Culler, Trevadon O.. 85. Nash- 
ville, Mich., Jan. 20. 1991 

Dawson, Catherine. 81. Green- 
ville, Ohio, Dec. 23, 1990 

Dean, Louise Mills. 75. Harrison- 
burg, Va., Jan. 7, 1990 

Diaz, David. 60, Pomona. Calif., 
Jan. 1. 1991 

Dunbar, Rosetta, 77, Adrian, 
Mich., Nov. 1, 1990 

Eberly, Lillian. 96, Neffsville, Pa., 
Nov. 26, 1990 

Eyier, Joyce L.. 42. New Windsor. 
Md., Dec. 14, 1990 

Fairall, Carl V., 70, York, Pa.. 
Jan. 20. 1991 

Fink, Vergie M.. 89. Hollidays- 
burg. Pa., Dec. 29, 1990 

Focht, George M.. 72, Hollidays- 
burg. Pa.. Dec, 28. 1990 

Fogelsonger, W. H, 71, Waynes- 
boro. Pa.. Oct. 23, 1990 

Foltz, Russell, 88, Westemport. 
Md., Jun. 17, 1990 

Gearhart, Jennie, 87, Ruffsdale, 
Pa.. Jun. 11, 1990 

Gettemy, Hazel. 91, Greensburg. 
Pa., Nov. 1, 1990 

Gordon, Nina, 79, Worthington, 
Minn., Jan. 16. 1991 

Graybill. Mark, 8 1 . Littiz, Pa., 
bee. 6. 1990 

Guilliams, Virgil, 62. Boones 
Mill. Va.. Dec. 12, 1990 

Harding, Maurice, 75. Harlville, 
Ohio, Jan. II, 1991 

Harris, D. M., 85, West Man- 
chester, Ohio, Jan. 10. 1991 

Hartman, Arthur, 88, Piedmont. 
W. Va.. Dec. 16, 1990 

Heidlebaugh, Lucy E., York. Pa.. 
Dec. 23. 1990 

Heidlebaugh, Raymond E. Sr.. 
93, York. Pa., Jan. 18, 1991 

Helmick, Mary P.. 93. Palmyra. 
Pa., Oct. 22. 1990 

Henry, John F.. 50, Elton, Pa,, 
Dec. 16. 1990 

Henry, Mary E., 88, Greencastle, 
Pa., Dec. 22. 1990 

Hoover, Bertha. 74. Union 
Bndge. Md.. Dec. 29. 1990 

Johnston, Benha. 83. Greensburg, 
Pa., May 25, 1990 

Johnston, Marie, 74, McPherson, 
Kan., Dec. 25. 1990 

Kauffman, Jean, 58. Hamburg, 
Pa., Nov. 3. 1990 

Kibble, Etta, 86. Dixon. 111.. Jan. 
11. 1991 

King, Ida Clara, 94, Kittanning. 
Pa.. Dec. 6, 1990 

Landis, Herman B., 92, La Verne, 
Calif, Dec. 13. 1990 

Lawrence, Dorothy. 71. Greens- 
burg. Pa., Dec. 12, 1990 

Lehman, Elizabeth, 99, Martins- 
burg, Pa.. Feb. 19. 1990 

Marsh, Robert. 48. Burlington. 
W. Va.. Feb. 26. 1990 

McCabe, Marybell. 77. Greens- 
burg. Pa.. Sep. 8. 1990 

McCary, Joseph D.. 79, Hanover, 
Pa.. Nov. 5. 1990 

McDaniel, William, 77, Milton. 
Del.. Jan. 18. 1991 

Mengel, S. Maude, 79. Richfield. 
Pa. Oct. 24. 1990 

Miller, Vema, 85, Reading, Pa., 
Jan. 6, 1991 

Mussetter, Homer Ray. 88. Penn 
Laird, Va.. Jan. 16. 1990 

Myers, Russell A., 81. Harrison- 
burg. Va., May 28. 1990 

Myers, Ed L. Sr.. 73. Penn Run, 
Pa.. Dec. 23, 1990 

Nell, Pauline, 87, East Berlin, Pa.. 
Dec. 29, 1990 

Osterwise, James, 49, Greens- 
burg, Pa.. May 26. 1990 

Outten, Rosalee. 64, Greenwood, 
Del., Dec. 6. 1990 

Oxford, Ruby. 71, Akron. Ohio, 
Jan. 13. 1991 

Painter, Paul. 83. Palmyra. Pa., 
Jan. 4, 1991 

Railing, Mary E.. 93. Carlisle, Pa.. 
Oct. 26. 1990 

Reents. Bemard C. 67, Wells- 
burg, Iowa, Jan. 7, 1991 

Sabatine, Kathryn, 48, Greens- 
burg, Pa., Dec. 29, 1990 

Schlenker, Jonathan, 67. Pasa- 
dena. Calif , Dec. 12, 1990 

Shank, Gertrude. 85. Lancaster, 
Pa., Oct. 13.J990 

Shearer, Wilford H., 69, Glen- 
ville. Pa.. Dec. 21. 1990 

Shoemaker, Gary Scott, 45, 
LinviUe, Va.. Mar. 26, 1990 

Simon, Elnora B.. 69. Syracuse. 
Ind., Dec. 26, 1990 

Singer, Bertha E.. 79. Taneytown. 
Md.. Nov. 26. 1990 

Snyder, Beatrice V., 74, York, 
Pa.. Jan. 10. 1991 

Snyder, Olive. 69. Greensburg, 
Pa.. Jun. 22, 1990 

Stauffer, Miriam. 70, Elizabeth- 
town. Pa.. Oct. 21, 1990 

Stott, Barry. 42, Norristown, Pa., 
Aug. 27. 1990 

Stott, Clara, 75, Audubon, Pa., 
Sep. 8, 1990 

Strife, Cyms L., 80. Hagerstown, 
Md..Jan. 5. 1991 

Sutton, Edna, 99. Pomona, Calif, 
Dec. 29, 1990 

Thompson, Claude, 85, Bent 
Mountain. Va.. Jan. 15. 1991 

Truxal, Elsie, 87, McMurray, Pa., 
Jul. 26. 1990 

Uhl, Victoria. 96. Keyser. W. Va.. 
May 23. 1990 

Vearn, Harry. 87. Dayton, Ohio, 
Dec. 29. 1990 

Wareham, Irvin. 92. Roaring 
Spring, Pa., Dec. 30. 1990 

Willett, Laura. Bent Mountain, 
Va..Jan. 18, 1991 

Wilson, Bessie Willett. Bent 
Mountain. Va., Jan. 22. 1991 

Winand, Neil R., 76. Dallastown. 
Pa.. Dec. 6. 1990 

Wisner, Maynard, 86. Polo. III.. 
Dec. 26. 1990 

Witter, Susan G., 87, New 
Oxford, Pa.. Dec. 7. 1990 

Younkins, Clark. 80, Kittanning, 
Pa.. Aug. 17, 1990 

April 1991 Messenger 39 

Mark Twain in Kennebunkport 

One morning I was trudging along down ttie street to 
work. It was still dark and a snow storm was raging. 
I was moving against the wind, my head drawn 
down into my feathers and my thoughts fixed on hot 
coffee. Suddenly in the whiteness of the storm a 
dark shadow began flapping over me. I looked up, 
startled, half expecting to feel the talons of Sinbad's 
giant roc from The Arabian Nights. But it was only 
the magnified shadow of a neighbor's American 
flag, floating between me and his porch light. 

That ominous shadow set the mood and direction 
of my thoughts for the remainder of my walk to the 
office. Even later, as I drank my hot coffee. 

Aside from feelings that stem from my deeply 
held Brethren conviction that all war is wrong, I 
have been troubled since the beginning of the war 
against Iraq by the media event that television 
makes of it, the power of television news to shape 
our views, and what passes for correct patriotism in 
the mind of the masses. 

Most troubling is the attitude implied by the 
pro-war voices that unless you are hysterically 
waving the Stars and Stripes and busily tying yellow 
ribbons around everything, there are grounds for 
suspecting you of un-Americanism at best and 
treason at worst. 

My attention was caught by a newspaper article 
about a Sunday church service in Kennebunkport, 
Maine. President Bush was there. When the congre- 
gation was invited to express prayer concerns, a man 
stood up near the president and said, "I have a 
concern. Think of the 18 million people of Iraq. Half 
are children under the age of 15. There are children, 
just like the children sitting here. ..." 

"As he continued," the article says, "voices in 
the church began to cry, 'Enough!' and then the 
congregation rose and started singing the first verse 
of 'God Bless America.' " The man was dragged 
away by police and thrown in jail. 

I remember that church. I'm Just sure it's the 
same one described by Mark Twain in his story 
"The War Prayer." 

"It was a time of great and exalting excite- 
ment," wrote Twain. "The country was up in arms, 
the war was on, in every breast burned the holy fire 
of patriotism." He goes on to describe a scene 
familiar to us today: "On every hand and far down 
the receding and fading spread of roofs and balco- 
nies a fluttering wilderness of flags flashed in the 
sun." Twain doesn't record it, but I am sure a 
yellow ribbon was tied on every tree and gatepost. 

In the church the pastor was winding up a long 

40 Messenger April 1991 

and impassioned prayer that God would "... watch 
over our noble young soldiers and aid, comfort, and 
encourage them in their patriotic work, . . . help 
them to crush the foe (and) grant to them and to 
their flag and country imperishable honor and 

A stranger moves up the aisle, silences the 
pastor, and addresses the congregation. He assures 
the patriotic parishioners that God has heard their 
prayer. Both prayers, for he explains there have been 
two prayers, "... one uttered, the other not." To his 
puzzled listeners, the stranger recites the unspoken 
prayer of their hearts: 

"O Lord our Father, our young patriots, idols of 
our hearts, go forth to battle— be Thou near them! 
With them, in spirit, we also go forth from the sweet 
peace of our beloved firesides to smite the foe. 

"O Lord our God, help us to tear their soldiers 
to bloody shreds with our shells; help us to cover 
their smiling fields with the pale forms of their 
patriot dead; help us to drown the thunder of the 
guns with the shrieks of their wounded, writhing in 
pain; help us to lay waste their humble homes with a 
hurricane of fire. 

"Help us to wring the hearts of their unoffend- 
ing widows with unavailing grief; help us to turn 
them out roofless with their little children to wander 
unfriended the wastes of their desolated land. . . . 

"For our sakes who adore Thee, Lord, blast their 
hopes, blight their lives, protract their bitter pilgrim- 
age, make heavy their steps, water their way with 
their tears. . . . We ask it, in the spirit of Love, of 
Him Who is the Source of Love, and Who is the 
ever-faithful refuge and friend of all that are sore 
beset and seek his aid with humble and contrite 
hearts. Amen." 


.fter standing and singing "God Bless America" 
(Twain forgot to mention), the God-fearing and 
patriotic folks in this church decided "... that the 
man was a lunatic, because there was no sense in 
what he said." 

Thus Twain abruptly ended his indictment of 
those who thoughtlessly cheer on the troops. The 
moral of the tale came earlier, in these words of the 
stranger: "If you would beseech a blessing upon 
yourself, beware! lest without intent you invoke a 
curse upon a neighbor at the same time." 

And "Who is my neighbor?" That's a good 
question. One that the wavers of flags and tie-ers of 
yellow ribbons well might ask.— K.T. 


O To Christian Ministry 

O To Congregational Leadership 

O To Peacemaking & Service 

O To Provide Financial Support 

O To Study Scripture 

O To Encourage Others 

O To Upbuild the Church of the Brethren 

Dear Friends, 

Bethany has taken a bold new initia- 
tive in response to the leadership needs 
of our denomination. Beginning with 
1991-92, all Church of the Brethren 
M.Div., M.A.Th. and TRIM students will 
be eligible for a full tuition scholarship. 
We trust the new program will: 

a) make a seminary education access- 
ible to aU; 

b) encourage persons who have not 
thought of ministry; 

c) keep educational debt manageable. 

We need the support of the church. We need you to c£dl quality per- 
sons to ministry. We need you to financially underwrite this program. 
Please write or call for details regarding this new partnership in min- 
istry training. 

In God's Love, 

John J. Cassel 

Dean of Students 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

Oo/m J C^Jci 

Bethany Theological Seminary 








jA/elcome the 12 new churches that have sprouted up in the 
rch of the Brethren this past year. Welcome their arrival in 
ertoRico, California, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. 
Rejoice in the spiritual enrichment that six new Hispanic and two 
jUe^ Korean churches bring. Nurture the dream of 1 10 new 
«nurch starts in the 1990s. Celebrate newness of life among 
persons and families and in the community of Jesus Christ. 

Support new church development through a Pentecost 
offering to your local church, or send it to the Church of 
the Brethren, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120, 




Church of the Brethren May 1991 

kew church signboards 
on the Brethren scene 




.■. = -s1t,tt| 




24-hour headline news from 
the Church of the Brethren 

Messages updated by Thursday morning each week. 

For more information, contaa the Communication Team 

1451 Dundee Avenue, Elgin IL 60120; (800) 323-8039 

One of the Communication Team's objectives in the Goals for 
the '90s is to get the news out faster to the folks in the congrega- 
tions. In this age when you can watch a war on TV while it's 
happening in the Persian Gulf, it is ironic that we here at the 
Church of the Brethren General Offices can't get the primed 

word out to the 
denomination as 
fast as our prede- 
cessors could a 
hundred years ago! 

So we are 
looking for ways 
other than print to 
get the word out. 
One method we 
now are using is 
Cobweb, the 
Church of the 
Brethren "computer 
bulletin board." Problem is, not every Brethren has the tech- 
nology at home to benefit from Cobweb. 

But now we have something we think just about every 
member of the Church of the Brethren can use. It's "Newsline." 
If you want to get an update of Brethren news, just pick up your 
phone, dial (301 ) 635-8738, and you'll hear the pleasant voice 
of our own Cheryl Cayford giving three minutes of late- 
breaking Brethren news. 

We were working on this idea and talking about when we 
would begin the service when the war broke out in the Persian 
Gulf. That crisis made up our mind for us. We scrambled and 
began Newsline immediately. The first few weeks were devoted 
to the Brethren response to the war. But now you'll hear more 
general news. 

On the last day of the March General Board meeting, here 
in Elgin, we introduced Newsline to board members by having 
the chairwoman, Joan Hershey, dial the Newsline number, and, 
through use of an amplifier, the board heard a special Newsline 
broadcast summarizing the General Board meeting just then 
concluding. You can't get news any hotter than that. So we are 
putting a check mark by our Goals for the '90s objective. 

That number, once again, is (301 ) 635-8738. Dial it and see 
what exciting things besides Newsline are happening out there. 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Articles on singles in the Church of 
the Brethren, faith-shaping events in persons' lives, and a salute 
to the 100th anniversary of the University of La Verne. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Karia Boyers 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radclift 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Raymer; IIHnois/Wiscon 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.: Northern Indiana. Lee 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana. Lois I 
Michigan, Marie Willoughby: Mid-Atlan 
Ann Fouts; Missouri, Mary Greim: Mis- 
souri/Southern Arkansas, Mary McGowa 
Northern Plains. Pauline Flory: Nonhcm 
Ohio. Sherry Sampson: Southern Ohio, 
Shirley Peiry; OregonAVashington. > 

Marguerite Shamberger: Pacific Southwe 
Randy Miller: Middle Pennsylvania, Pegj' 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania. Elmer Q. | 
Gleim: Western Pennsylvania, Jay Chrisli, 
Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Virlina, Mike ' 
Gilmore: Western Plains, Dean Hummer;| 
West Marva, Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publication oft! 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secon 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of' 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, N 

1 . 1 984. Messenger is a 
^ member of the Associated 
'" ^' Church Press and a subscribi 

to Religious News Service ai 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $ 1 2.50 individual 
(-ate. S 10.50 church group plan. $IQ.50g 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue. 1' 
you move, clip address label and send wi 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. AII( 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Con 
mission. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Elgii 
111., and at additional mailing office, Maj 
1991. Copyright 1991, Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-035 
POSTMASTER: Send address change 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 



1 Touch 2 
lose to Home 4 
ews 6 
olumn 9 
onference Preview 
tepping Stones 42 
etters 44 
ontius' Puddle 
urning Points 
ditorial 48 




5ver, 39: Ken Bomberger 

left: Irene S. Reynolds 

;enter right, 14 map, 16: Kermon 


right: Al Friesen 

WCC/Peter Williams 

Karla Boyers 
' top: Andy Arenz 

left, 19 top, 20: Larry Geddis 

right: Steve Terrill 

-23: Messenger files 
|, 25 top and center, 26 center left and 
light, bottom: World Council of 
ii^hurches photos by Peter Williams 

bottom: Phil Grout 

top, 27: Howard Royer 

, 36: Pattie Stem 

left: Cheryl Cayford 

: L. Vernon Frazier 

On the Oregon trail 14 * 

To heighten Annual Conferencegoers' anticipation of that 
drive to Portland, we had Karla Boyers assemble some stories 
from the host districts. Sidebars on Jan EUer and Sidney King 
and a selection of photos depicting scenes travelers may see. 

On second thought 21 

Turns out that a lot of those former Annual Conference 
moderators would do things differently if they had a chance. 
Elaine Sollenberger found that out . . . and other interesting 
details . . . when she surveyed her fellow veterans of the 
denomination's highest elective office. 

In Canberra: Sparks from the Holy Spirit 24 

Howard Royer fills us in on the happenings at the recent 
World Council of Churches meeting in Australia. 

Rediscovering church extension 28 

Merle Crouse, staff for new church development, does a self- 
interview to update us on the progress of church planting. 
Sidebar on telemarketing a new congregation. 

Why we're excited 30 

Karla Boyers interviewed eight new Brethren to learn what it 
was that turned them on about the Church of the Brethren. 

Some plantings that rooted 33 

Don Fitzkee and Karla Boyers present eight new church 
plantings that took hold and are growing. The fledgling 
congregations tell what worked for them. 

From Ghana to Germantown 38 

A "missionary" from Ghana ministering in the "mother 
church" at Germantown? How did that come about? Don 
Fitzkee profiles Richard Kyerematen. 

Page 39 

May 1991 Messenger 1 

Mean on mavericks 

When cattle skedaddle, John 
Honeywell hits the saddle. 

"Neighbors all around call 
John to saddle up and come 
corral their cattle," says his 
mother, Loraine. The 1 7- 

"In Touch' ' profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch," Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

year-old president of the 
youth group at the Antelope 
Valley Church of the Breth- 
ren, in Billings, Okla., is 
always ready to oblige. 

When a bunch of calves 
got loose during an ice storm, 
they created havoc on the 
nearby highway. Their 
owner, driving a pickup, 
couldn't manage on the ice. 
Enter John on his trusty horse 
Jazz. He soon had the 
cavorting calves back behind 
their fence again. 

John got started horsing 
around three years ago, when 
his dad. Rusty, bought Jazz 
for him. John had become 
interested in roping, watching 
some cousins who were into 
the sport. 

After attending a couple of 
roping schools, John began to 
practice in earnest, riding 
Jazz. He is now winning belt 
buckle prizes at rodeo events 
in north central Oklahoma. 

John and his younger 

brother. Rocky, do team 
roping. John lassos the calf's 
head, then turns the animal so 
that Rocky can rope its feet. 
Sister Stacy often hazes for 
her brothers — helping comer 
the calves so the ropes can be 

Last Memorial Day 
weekend, a roping arena kit 
that Rusty had ordered 
arrived on Saturday. Loraine 
recalls, "Our fellows were so 
eager, they spent the weekend 
digging 75 post holes, setting 
the posts, erecting the panels, 
and spot-welding them in 
place. On Monday evening 
their friends joined them for a 
full-blown roping session." 

Where is all this leading? 
Given enough rope and with 
some luck, John hopes to 
compete someday in the 
National Finals Rodeo. 
— Irene S. Reynolds 

Keystone in place 

When Stanley Earhart took 
over in January as director of 
the Keystone Bible Institutes, 
he was accepting responsibil- 
ity for an agency that not 
only had its keystone solidly 
in place but had a firm 
foundation as well. 

Keystone Bible Institutes 
(KBI) began over 20 years 
ago with the purpose of 
providing basic Bible 
teaching for lay people of 
Anabaptist tradition. Today it 
still reaches out to that consti- 
tuency, but its program has 
evolved to include courses 
that reach people "where they 
are" — courses including 
family life, AIDS, social 
issues, loneliness . . . what 
have you. 

"There is no systematic 

agenda that we follow," says 
Stanley, as he explains the 
scope of the KBI sessions. 
"We usually get input from 
those attending the institutes 
in order to select subjects for 
the coming year." 

Over the 20 years, more 
than 22,000 people have 
participated in the institutes, 
which are open to any 
denomination interested in 
learning more about Anabap- 
tist beliefs and traditions. 
Eleven 5-day institutes 
were scheduled for 1 99 1 . 
They began January 6 and 
ended March 1 1 . They take 
place at churches and 
retirement homes in the 
general area of Southern 
Pennsylvania and Atlantic 
Northeast Districts of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

KBI is a cooperative 
program of the Church of the 
Brethren, Brethren in Christ, 
and Mennonite Churches of 
Eastern Pennsylvania. The 
two Church of the Brethren 
districts mentioned earlier 
appoint members from their 
ranks to the KBI board. 

One of Stanley's goals is 

to attract younger people to 
the institutes. Right now most 
participants are older people, 
ranging downward to young 

2 Messenger May 1991 

adults. KBI waives the basic 
$15-a-week fee for high 

Stanley, a retired church 
worker now living at Breth- 
ren Village, Neffsville, Pa., 
has served the Church of the 
Brethren as pastor, district 
executive (Southern Pennsyl- 
vania), and director of district 
ministries on the national 
staff(I983-1986). He knows 
his KBI constituency well 
and has a high regard for its 
performance. "Through 
KBI," he says, "many people 
are deepened spiritually and 
become informed and 
equipped to serve Christ 
more effectively." 

For those lay people who 
will not be moving on to 
more formal education, KBI 
courses may well be the 
keystone of their faith that the 
institute name implies. 

Word to Wise 

Bob Wise, a member of the 
McPherson (Kan.) Church of 
the Brethren and current 
president of the Kansas Bar 
Association, was one of 500 
American lawyers and 1,000 
Soviet lawyers who heard 
Mikhail Gorbachev extol 
perestroika last fall at the 
Moscow Conference on Law 
and Bilateral Economic 

Since then, perestroika 
(economic restructuring) and 
glasnost (openness) have 
become tainted watchwords, 
but Bob still is favorably 
impressed with what he 
experienced in the Soviet 

He witnessed a peaceful 
protest in Moscow's Red 
Square that involved 25,000 

demonstrators. "The Soviet 
people are engaged in a 
frantic effort to achieve a free 
society," said Bob. "All of us, 
as citizens of the world, have 
a tremendous stake in their 
achieving that goal." 

Bob considers Gor- 
bachev's reforms "one of the 
most remarkable chapters in 

Bob Wise (left) with president of 
USSR's Union of Legal Profes- 
sionals, outside the Kremlin. 

world history." And, the 
Kansas lawyer is still 
optimistic that the "remark- 
able chapter" will endure in 
the record. 

Scamper School pioneer 

Evelyn Metzger has been 
honored by Cedar Lake 
Church of the Brethren, 
Auburn, Ind., for her 17 years 
as director/teacher of its pre- 

school program. Many of her 
students returned for the 
surprise celebration. During 
her years with Scamper 
School, Evelyn was noted for 

her creative activities, rang- 
ing from students preparing 
their own healthy snacks to 
adventuresome field trips. 

To show her appreciation 
to Cedar Lake in return, 
Evelyn has presented it with a 
"Peace Pole," which now 
stands near the church door. 


Sam Lindsay, 84, of 

Broadway, Va., died March 
2. He is remembered for 
restoring the Broadway home 
of Brethren martyr John 
Kline. Called "Tunker 
House" by Lindsay and his 
wife, Pauline, the Kline home 
(which also is the birthplace 
of M.R. Zigler) hosted an 
important 1973 meeting of 

representatives of the five 
Brethren bodies. The Tunker 
House meeting led to the 
1983 publication of the 
Brethren Encyclopedia. 

Names in the news 

Steven Edris, of East Fair- 
view Church of the Brethren, 
near Manheim, Pa., has been 
named "Builder of the Year" 
by the Building Industry 
Association of Lancaster 
County. The award recog- 
nizes individual achieve- 

ments and involvements in 
industry, community, and 
association activities. 

John Vance, of the Twin 
Falls (Idaho) Church of the 
Brethren, and his wife, Renee 
Johns, have begun a three- 

year assignment in Mongo, 
Chad, through Mennonite 
Central Committee. John's 
assignment is teaching 

Wallace Hatcher, of 
Linville Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Broadway, Va., 
received the Harrisonburg- 
Rockingham County Cham- 
ber of Commerce "Business- 
person of the Year" award. 
President of Lantz Construc- 
tion Company, he is chairman 
of the Bridge water College 
Board of Trustees. 

Orville Lauver, of York 
(Pa.) First Church of the 
Brethren, received the 
"Distinguished Community 
Service" award from the 
Founder's Club of The 
Brethren Home, New Oxford, 
Pa. He is known for his many 
gifts to his church, the home, 
and other agencies. 

Timothy K. Jones, who 
formerly held Church of the 
Brethren pastorates in 
Virginia and Texas, recently 
published a book Mentor and 
Friend: Building Friendships 
That Point to God (Lion 
Publishing Corporation). Tim 
is associate features editor of 
Christianity Today magazine, 
in Carol Stream, 111. 

May 1 99 1 Messengers 


"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Axe.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Light from a logo 

Turkey Creek Church of the 
Brethren, at Fristoe, Mo., has 
adapted the denominational 
logo to make a stained-glass 
art piece at the back of its 
chancel. It is dedicated to 
those who have served the 
congregation. Turkey Creek 
celebrated its 100th anniver- 
sary in 1989. 

Summer homework 

For the Brethren youth who 
spent a week last summer 
cleaning, painting, and 
repairing at the Brethren 
Fellowship House in Harris- 
burg, Pa., the seeds of hope 
they planted have sprouted 
and produced fruits. 

The work of the youth and 
other volunteers made it 

possible for a family of seven 
facing eviction to have a 
second chance. 

The fellowship house is the 
work of the Brethren Housing 
Association, a ministry 
started by five Harrisburg 
area congregations. Together, 
Harrisburg First, Spring 
Creek, Hanoverdale, 
Ridgeway Community, and 
West Green Tree own five 
apartments and two houses 
that provide transitional 
homes for families in crisis 

Selected families may stay 
up to a year, paying monthly 
expenses for the property — 
basically the cost of utilities. 

Weekly sessions with the 
families help establish goals, 
financial budgets, and lend 
emotional and spiritual 

Gerald Rhoades of First 
Church says the housing 
ministry is "a way for 
families facing homelessness 
to get back on their feet." 

Sisters: Take note 

The Brethren Revival 
Fellowship held a 1-day 
training seminar in late 
March at the Midway Church 
of the Brethren, near Leba- 
non, Pa. Among the topics 
covered were "The Privilege 
of Being a Wife and Mother," 
"Visiting the Elderly," and 
"Women in the Life of 

South Africans' R & R 

Smuts and Nokwazi 
Ngonyama, of South Africa, 
for several weeks were the 
guests of Baltimore (Md.) 

First Church of the Brethren. 
The family has been active in 
the Christian Freedom 
Movement in its home 
country and needed time for 
rest and reflection because of 
the extended stress of its 
work. In Baltimore the 
Ngonyamas were hosted by 
General Board member 
Barbara Cuffie. They 
accompanied her to the 
General Board meeting in 
Elgin, 111., in early March, 
before returning to South 

Hillcrest accredited 

Hillcrest Retirement Com- 
munity, in La Verne, Calif., 
is among 100 retirement 
communities accredited by 


the national Continuing Care 
Accreditation Commission. 

Hillcrest president Charles 
Cable says that the benefits of 
accreditation for Hillcrest 
include respect of communi- 
ties and the public for 
meeting higher standards of 
management, plus the 
advantages of making a self- 
study of one's own facilities. 

Opening barriers 

Lakeview Church of the 
Brethren, in Brethren, Mich., 
dedicated a barrier-free 
addition to its building April 
14. The addition includes a 
restroom and a three-stop 
elevator. A five-session class 
has been conducted on 
"God's Love — Available to 

4 Messenger May 1 99 1 

Mid-winter spirit lift 

East Chippewa Church of 
the Brethren, Orrville, Ohio, 
held a Mid-Winter Festival of 
Faith in early February. This 

congregation is crammed full 
of musical talent. The senior 
choir was accompanied by a 
six-piece "Brethren Brass" 
ensemble and a seven-piece, 
intergenerational string 


Campus comments 

Three buildings and a 
fountain at Manchester 
College have been named to 
the National Register of 
Historic Places. The "historic 
district" includes the Admin- 
istration Building, Ikenberry 
Hall, and Oakwood Hall. 

The University of La 
Verne, continuing its 
centennial celebrating, has 
published a book The 
University of La Verne, A 
Centennial History: 1891- 
1991. An all-day birthday 
party was held in March and 
an Alumni Day celebration 
April 27. The school's 
anniversary will be high- 
lighted with articles in the 
June Messenger. 

The American Armenian 
International College of the 
University of La Verne 
celebrated its 1 5th anniver- 
sary in February. The college 

traces its ties to the Church of 
the Brethren to Brethren aid 
to Armenians after the 1915 
massacre of Armenians by 
the Ottoman Turks. 

Bridgewater College held 
its 96th Spiritual Life 
Institute in March. Brethren 
minister Earl Mitchell and 
Ron and Shirley Spire — co- 
executives of Southeastern 
District of the Church of the 
Brethren — were given the 
college's Outstanding Service 

Juniata College's Church 
College Relations Council 
unanimously passed a 
resolution urging the US 
government to renew its 
commitment to international 
peace. The resolution was 
presented to the council by 
freshman Brian Kreps, of 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Biff Green, vice president 
for university relations at the 
University of La Verne, will 
become president of Friends 
University, in Wichita, Kan., 
it was announced in March. 
Green is a member of the La 
Verne (Calif.) Church of the 

Bethany Theological 
Seminary's Summer 
Extension Schools will be 
held at Bridgewater College 
July 22-26, led by Eugene 
Roop and June Gibble, and at 
the University of La Verne 
August 5-9, led by Fumitaka 
Matsuoka and Yvonne 

The McPherson College 
Concert Choir was on tour in 
Kansas and Colorado over 
the first of April. Coordinat- 
ing the tour was campus 
pastor David Valeta. 

James M. Wall, editor of 
Christian Century magazine, 
was the lecturer for the 
annual Anna B. Mow 
Symposium at Bridgewater 

College. His opening presen- 
tation was on religion and 
politics in the Middle East. 

McPhei'son College's 
Religious Heritage lecturer 
this year was John Howard 
Yoder, a scholar whose focus 
is on the theology of peace. 
In addition to his lectures, he 
appeared in several classes at 
the college. Yoder teaches 
theology at Notre Dame. 

Juniata College's presi- 
dent, Robert W. Neff, has 
been appointed to serve a 2- 
year term on the board of 

directors of the National 
Council of Independent 
Colleges, an association of 
300 private schools. 

Elizabethtown College 
will host the Brethren Bible 
Institute July 15-19. Instruc- 
tors include Harold Martin, 
Frank Reed, Craig Alan 
Myers, Steve Hershey, John 
Minnich, and James F. Myer. 

Elizabethtown College 
also will host the Interna- 
tional Communal Studies 
Association, July 25-28. This 
is the first time the associa- 
tion has met in the USA. The 
focus will be on historical 
and present-day communal 
societies around the world. 

Spring break in Florida 
didn't mean wild beach 
parties for the 20 Juniata 
College students traveling by 
van and U-Haul to the 
Sunshine State to study 
wildlife. Said biology 

professor Robert Fisher, the 
group would "actually see 
and hear the wildlife it has 
been studying in the lab." 

The 1990 edition of 
Ripples, the Bridgewater 
College yearbook, received a 
first-place award from the 
American Scholastic Press 
Association, winning 900 out 

of 1 ,000 points. Editor was 
Kajsa Svarfvar, a 1990 
graduate from Umia, Sweden. 

Let's celebrate 

Genesis Church of the 
Brethren, Putney, Vt., 
dedicated its new facility 
April 27-28, beginning with a 
love feast. A bus and van 
carried folks up from 
Southern Pennsylvania 
District (of which Genesis is 
a part) for the event. 

Upper Conewago Church 
of the Brethren, near East 
Berlin, Pa., will observe "the 
250th anniversary from its 
start-up at Big Conewago," 
September 7-8. 

New Covenant Church of 
the Brethren, Powell, Ohio, 
dedicated its new sanctuary 
April 14. 

Wilmington (Del.) Church 
of the Brethren kicked off a 
year-long 75th anniversary 
celebration in January. A 
birthday party will conclude 
the observance December 1 . 

May 1991 Messenger 5 

At its March meeting, the General Board reflects on the aftermath 
of the war and hears plans for relief efforts in the Middle East 

"Now is not the time to forget that we 
have concerns about the war and the 
aftermath of the war," said World 
Ministries Commission chairwoman 
LaVon Rupel. A "Lenten Letter" on the 
war was a major item at the General 
Board's March meeting, which was 
marked by an emphasis on spirituality. 

War on the agenda 

"Looking back over the past months, 
we have been deeply troubled by the 
efforts to justify the Gulf war as holy, or 
just, or moral," the Board said in the 
Lenten Letter, which was sent to all 
Brethren congregations. "We have been 
alarmed by the glorification of the new 
military technology. . . . We are grieved 
by the killing of innocents and combat- 
ants and the destruction of property, 
antiquities, and the eco-system." 

The Board expressed concern about 
division caused by the war in churches 
and communities and listed "glaring 
contradictions" raised by the conflict. 
"As we again proclaim our Christian 
faith that the crucifixion gave way to the 
resurrection," the letter concluded, "we 
also proclaim our faith and hope that this 
heinous conflict can be transformed . . . 
into new life and peace." 

Relief efforts 

The Board heard plans for a Brethren, 
Mennonite, and Presbyterian effort to 
send $100,000 in aid to Iraq and perhaps 
Kuwait. An Emergency Disaster Fund 
grant of $52,000 will go to relief in the 
area and the church is contributing to the 
salary of one of two Middle East 
Council of Churches personnel who are 
in Baghdad to develop relief services. 

A renewing spirit 

An emphasis on spirituality begun by 
church leaders in October continued 
with a feetwashing and love feast 
Sunday evening and a prayer meeting 
Monday morning to coincide with a 
weekly time of prayer for renewal of the 

An emphasis on the Spirit was also set 
by a pre-meeting discussion of the 
World Council of Churches Seventh 
Assembly in Canberra, Australia, using 

6 Messenger May 1 99 1 

the theme, "Come, Holy Spirit, Renew 
the Whole Creation." Brethren who 
attended the assembly reported and the 
Board discussed how issues raised at the 
assembly relate to the Brethren, includ- 
ing power-sharing and inclusion in the 
church, women in leadership, the role of 
youth, care for creation, and the situation 
of native peoples. 
Among other business 

• A paper on "Peacemaking: The 
Calling of God's People in History," was 
passed to Conference for consideration, 
as was a revised version of the "Cre- 
ation: Called to Care" paper. 

• The Board endorsed a proposal for a 
National Older Adult Conference in 
October 1992. 

• The Board's Goals and Budget 
Committee approved a project to send 
English Bibles and biblical reference 
materials to the Nuer people in Sudan. 

• The Goals and Budget Committee 
assigned staff to explore responses to 
urban violence, in response to a Pacific 
Southwest District request. 

• The Parish Ministries Commission 
discussed guidelines for local church 
building loans. District executives 
present said the proposed guidelines 
caused dismay among district leaders 
because of the degree of district respon- 
sibility in relation to that of the congre- 
gation. PMC member Earl Traughber 
and Board staff will meet with the 
Council of District Executives for 
further discussion. 

• The General Services Commission 
lent support to tentative plans for a 
national media campaign to raise 
awareness of the Church of the Brethren. 

• A paper on church growth goals for 
the '90s was referred back to staff by 
PMC after discussion revealed differ- 
ences on the issue. Staff will bring a re- 
vision to a PMC meeting at Conference. 

• WMC heard plans for a retirement 
community at the New Windsor (Md.) 
Service Center and asked staff to report 
on management options. 

• The Board approved a response to 
the Improving Relations Study (IRS) 

An Australian aborigine dances at the ' i 
Seventh Assembly of the World Council 
of Churches. Brethren who attended 
reported to the Board in March. i 

Committee report on improving relatior 
between the Board, districts, congrega- j 
tions, and individual Brethren, includinj 
recommendations to avoid bureaucratic 
terms and raise awareness of the denom 
ination at district events. \ 

• GSC appointed Cathy Simmons ' 
Huffman, of Linthicum Heights, Md., tc : 
the Brethren Historical Committee. 

• A briefing was given on "The Face . 
of Mission," a program in which Board { 
members and staff will visit more than 
200 congregations to present the work c 
the church. 

• Cuts were made to meet budget 
projections, including reducing the PM( 
executive position to 80 percent and ' 
asking other agencies to increase 
financial support for cooperative work. 

The Board met its budget in 1990 andli 
congregational giving was up two per- li 
cent from 1989, but direct giving was I 
down in the last half of '90. An increase 
of more than 230 percent in bequests 
may result from aging membership and 
past emphasis on bequest giving. 

The New Windsor Service Center lost 
$265,760 through cuts in the Church 
World Service clothing program and in 
government support for aid shipments. 
Low returns from a direct mail campaig 
contributed to a Brethren Press loss of 
$156,630. Both programs will bring 
reports of efforts to improve the situa- 
tions to the Board in June and October. 

blunteer from Israel 
}lls 'war story' 

here are "two nights I'll never forget," 
lys Tim Bock, Brethren Volunteer 
ervice worker who has returned from 
rael and the Occupied Territories. 
At 3 a.m. on January 16, civilians 
amed of the US and allied forces' 
tack on Baghdad. Standing on the 
rrace of Ecco Homo — the convent 
here he lived and worked in 
jrusalem's Old City — Bock says the 
luslim quarter seemed "subdued." 
gveral blocks away, however, Israelis 
I the Jewish quarter were on the roofs 
jlebrating with loud music. 
Twenty-four hours later, the first air- 
lid sirens blared, warning civilians to 
:treat to sealed rooms and don gas 
lasks. "You could tell there was a 
ecret pleasure' among the Palestin- 
ins," says Bock. While they were 
ixious about the attack, "they believed 
addam Hussein would never hit them." 
nd Palestinians were happy for a strong 
rab leader to "shake things up." 
The first three missile warnings 

created "pandemonium." Bock fumbled 
to put gas masks on uncooperative 
children in the basement of the convent, 
which had offered its facility to the Mus- 
lim community in the event of an attack. 
Some 200 people came the first night. 

But after the first few weeks of SCUD 
warnings, people grew "casual" about 
the "minor inconvenience," says Bock. 
Many went on roofs to spot SCUD and 
Patriot missiles. 

When Bock left in February, prepara- 
tions were being made for the short 
ground war that started two days later. 
He wonders what it was like for people 
to be able to take the tape off the win- 
dows and put their masks away. "I felt 
like I saw the beginning of the film but 
missed the conclusion," he says. He 
imagines Israelis must be happy, but 
word of a cease-fire must have brought a 
"dark day" for Palestinians and "grave 
disappointment" that Hussein's big 
threats did so little to change their lives. 

Bock served most of his three-year 
assignment in Israel and the Occupied 
Territories at Tantur, an ecumenical 
theological institute. Before the invasion 

Discernment team' prepares for visit to South Korea 

he new Korea "discernment" team (see April, page 7) met in February to discuss its 
isit to South Korea May 28-June 8. (From left) Abe Park, Joan Hershey, John Park, 
hin II Jo, Irven Stem, and David Radcliff will travel to different parts of the country, 
leeting with religious leaders and others to assess possibilities for church planting, 
hin II Jo expressed hope for a successful trip, saying he "felt the Holy Spirit was 
resent" during the meeting. Abe Park has "waited a long time for this" and hopes the 
lurch will back it as "the way to China and North Korea." Work in North Korea will 
ot now be explored but the group is interested in such contacts in the future. 

of Kuwait, he had the opportunity to 
travel for several weeks in Syria and 
Jordan. Now he has returned to the US to 
do another term of service at the B VS 
office in Elgin, 111. — Karla Boyers 

Church sends aid, 
workers to Brazil 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant of 
$10,000 has been given to rebuild the 
meeting house of the Tunker, or Comu- 
nidade Pacifista Crista church in Rio 
Verde, Brazil. The building — also the 
home of pastor Onaldo Pereira — was 
destroyed in a flash flood in January. 

Pereira first contacted the Church of 
the Brethren in 1982. He attended 
Bethany Seminary in 1984-85 and in 
1987 spent several months in Virlina 
District, where he was ordained. Pereira 
then returned to Brazil and helped a 
group of worshipers formally incorporate 
in the city of Fortaleza. In 1989, suffer- 
ing exhaustion and overwhelmed by the 
immense responsibilities of the new 
church, he returned to Rio Verde to rest. 

As he regained health, he again felt 
God calling him to ministry, but hesi- 
tated to take leadership. He asked US 
Brethren for guidance. Latin America/ 
Caribbean representative Yvonne Dilling 
and Shenandoah District executive 
Merlin Shull visited Pereira in February. 

There is no structural tie between Bra- 
zilian and US Brethren, but there is a 
spiritual tie. The church's name "reflects 
the group's affinity for, and understand- 
ing of, the ideals and beliefs of the 
Church of the Brethren," Dilling said. 
For now, she encourages support through 
prayer and correspondence. The possibil- 
ity of providing leadership training to 
members of the group is being explored. 

A team of Brethren disaster volunteers 
(Cliff Kindy, James Grove, Bob Pittman, 
Bruce Reeves, and Grant Verbeck) went 
to Brazil in March to help rebuild the 
meeting house. Dilling said there has 
also been interest in helping replenish a 
theological library lost in the flood. To 
avoid duplication, Dilling's office is 
coordinating contributions. 

May 1991 Messenger? 

ABC staff go to Puerto Rico, 
begin pians for ceiebration 

Next year marks the 50th anniversary of 
Brethren health work in Puerto Rico. A 
celebration is planned for November 
1992 to commemorate the occasion. 

In March, staff from the Association 
of Brethren Caregivers went to Puerto 
Rico to initiate planning for the celebra- 
tion and to assist the Castaiier Hospital 
with a $1 million capital improvement 
drive. The hospital seeks money to build 
staff housing, relocate and enlarge the 
laboratory, and make improvements to 
meet licensing requirements, says Elsa 
Groff, chairwoman of the fundraising 
committee. Now serving more than 
25,000 people in four mountain commu- 
nities, the hospital has an enviable 
record in community-based health care. 

The celebration will also focus on 
health ministries in other parts of Puerto 
Rico, including an ABC volunteer 
community health organizer to be placed 
there later this year. 

ABC staff also visited the Christian 
Community Center in Rio Piedras, 
housed in the Second Iglesia Cristo 
Misionera, a church that has recently 
affiliated with the Brethren. The center 
works on health and human needs in its 
impoverished neighborhood, and 
neighborhood homes destroyed by 
Hurricane Hugo have been rebuilt 
through the Brethren disaster program. 
"I can't get up and talk about love, I 
can't talk about justice, and wall myself 
off from the people around me," said 
pastor and center director Juan Figueroa. 
— Elizabeth Jamsa 

Team spreads peace message 
to summer youth camps 

Four Brethren high school and college 
students will spend six weeks this sum- 
mer visiting church youth camps, 
spreading "the Brethren peace stance," 
says Outdoor Ministries Association 
director Nancy Knepper. 

Christopher Brown, Joy Kraybill, 
Andy Loomis, and Audrey Osboume 
will lead discussions, workshops, and 

8 Messenger May 1991 

worship at Camp Bethel, near Fincastle, 
Va.; Camp Carmel, near Linville, N.C.; 
Brethren Woods, near Keezletown, Va.; 
Camp Ithiel, near Gotha, Fla.; and Camp 
Swatara, near Bethel, Pa. The team is a 
new initiative of the youth ministries 
office, the peace consultant, the Outdoor 
Ministries Association, and the On Earth 
Peace Assembly. 

Brethren World Assembly 
planned for July 1992 

A Brethren World Assembly, tentatively 
scheduled for July 15-18, 1992, is 
planned by members of the Brethren 
Encyclopedia, Inc., board of directors to 
com-memorate the 250th anniversary of 
the first Annual Conference in 1742 and 
will take place at Elizabethtown (Pa.) 

Donald Dumbaugh, Elizabethtown 
College professor, said planners hope to 
draw Brethren from around the world 
and across denominational lines. The 
meeting will focus on a common 
heritage and "the international character 
of the Brethren movement," he said. 

The Brethren Encyclopedia board 
includes members of the five major 
Brethren denominations — the Church of 
the Brethren, the Brethren Church, the 
Dunkard Brethren, the Fellowship of 
Grace Brethren Churches, and the Old 
German Baptist Brethren Church. 

Gardner writes commentary 
for Herald Press series 

Herald Press will publish a commentary 
on the book of Matthew written by Rich- 
ard B. Gardner, associate professor of 
New Testament studies at Bethany Sem- 
inary and director of ministry training 
for the General Board. 

The book is part of the Believers 
Church Bible Commentary series, a joint 
effort of Brethren and Mennonite 
churches that focuses on a believers' 
church perspective on scripture and 
biblical interpretation by the community. 
Matthew is to be published in June. 

Video to provide glimpse 
of new worship hymnal 

Hymnal: Our Singing Faith is a new 
video made to promote the new coopera- 
tive hymnal of the Church of the 
Brethren and the General Conference 
Mennonite and Mennonite Churches. 

A promotion manager for the GCMC 
is in charge of the video. Footage 
includes a mixture of congregational 
activity and interviews with people 
involved in creating the hymnal. 
Brethren Press hopes to have the video 
available at Annual Conference. 

Brethren young adults join 
Europeans in Nigeria work 

A workcamp sponsored by young adult 
ministries and the Africa/Middle East 
office took 13 American, 5 Swiss, and 5 
German young adults to visit the 
Ekklesiyar "Yanuwa a Nigeria (the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) 
January 18-February 12. 

European participants were from the 
Basel Mission, a "sister" mission of 
EYN. The group spent 12 days building 
student houses at Kulp Bible College 
and working on roofs and kitchens for 
staff houses at EYN headquarters. They i; 
also visited villages, churches, a game 
reserve, and other places of interest. 
Monroe Good, who led the group, said 
the two churches the group worshiped ini 
were among the 25 new EYN churches 
organized in 1990. 

For Rhonda Bingman, a US partici- 
pant, a high point was the "camaraderie i 
of the group." "What started out as 
difficult (a language barrier) brought us ' 
together because we had to work harder 
to understand each other." 

The trip was a return home for Jeff 
Boshart, a Brethren Volunteer Service 
worker in Kansas. He was bom in 
Nigeria during the time his parents 
worked there. "This is a church and a 
people that has definitely not lost its 
salt," he said. "Nigeria may not be as 
rich or powerful, or have the comforts ol 
the US . . . but the quality of life is of 
the highest imaginable." 

Apocalypse, now and then 

by Frank Ramirez 

rhe morning after the ceasefire in Iraq 
ook effect I walked by the "Today 
5how" on TV and caught a glimpse of 
^enry Kissinger. Hey, I thought, don't I 
enow you? Didn't you used to be the 

It was back in the early 1970s, during 
ny days in California (otherwise known 
IS the womb of the gods). New religions 
)op up like puppies there, and old ones 
ake on new life. I had been to Calvary 
rhapel a few times, enjoyed the Chris- 
ian rock, and was leaning again toward 
Christianity as my religion of choice. 

Those were apocalyptic times. The 
Jnited States was reeling in Vietnam 
md Cambodia. A presidency was on the 
/erge of toppling. Governments in 
Europe were experimenting with 
;ocialism. Belief in basic values was 
)eing questioned. 

Books by writers such as Hal Lindsay 
;onfidently pointed to current events as 
;lear pointers to the end. The strident 
lature of their call turned off some non- 
)elievers, and many believers as well. 

The world didn't end. 

Henry Kissinger now dwells in that 
wilight zone between his memoirs. Time 
nagazine, and interviews with perky 
vake-up hosts who have to remind us 
A'ho he was. And I'm happy to say that 
;ven though the world didn't end, many 
)f those converts from that time when 
3ur nation seemed to be falling apart are 
still believers. 

And the same people are still publish- 
ng books interpreting current events as 
;lear pointers to the end. 

Saddam Hussein was only the most 
■ecent of a number of Antichrists touted 
3y sincere people of faith. To be honest, 
Hussein was not much of an Antichrist, 
rhe emperor wore no clothes, and the 
Tiother of all battles turned into a lulu of 
i rout. 

Nevertheless, in a short amount of 
time he created a tremendous furor 
among preachers and believers regarding 
his place in biblical prophecy. Books 
appeared with the speed of a blitzkrieg 
affirming the end was near. (Alas for the 
publishing trade, such books quickly 
have become dated). There were reports 
on National Public Radio of children 
who came to school crying because of 
what they had heard at church. Articles 
in the Elkhart newspaper about area 
ministers confirmed that this particular 
hysteria was a local phenomenon as 

Attempts to match current world 
events to Armageddon are nothing new. 
The events of a millennium ago doubt- 
lessly will be repeated during the months 
leading to that moment in the year 2000 
when the odometer turns over and we 
get to see all those zeros pop up. 

The danger of those who cry "Wolf!" 
is that they distract potential believers 
from the true facts of the gospels — that 
no one knows the hour this will occur. 
We are such things as dreams are made 
of, and in his own time the dreamer will 
cry "Wake!" to the sleepers and bring us 
all to the new world of the morning. 

Vemard Eller, of La Verne, Calif., has 
written the best book on the subject — 
The Most Revealing Book of the Bible. It 
is currently out of print but available in 
an authorized study edition through the 
University of La Verne. Vemard points 
out that every doomsayer has been 
batting .000. Is it fair to assume, he asks, 
that God would reveal a message about 
which every single generation but one 
would be doomed to a false interpreta- 
tion? His book suggests that a more 
biblical approach to the book of Revela- 
tion is to take its message of salvation 
seriously, instead of literally, especially 
since no one agrees with another on 
what it literally says. The Bible promises 
that no one will know the hour of the 

end, but that everyone will know what is 
expected of him. Revelation, then, 
presents a gospel consistent with the rest 
of the Bible. 

Every preacher who stands up and 
identifies the date and time, including 
those who pointed to Hussein and Iraq as 
the keys to understanding, while making 
an honest mistake, ends up looking 
stupid in the eyes of the world. And all 
of Christendom looks foolish in the 

All people of faith take a beating from 
these speculations. The materialists 
thrive on those who make a spectacle of 
themselves, since it confirms their 
fondest suspicions. 

I suggest a moratorium on hysteria 
about the end. I'd like my fellow 
preachers to think twice before failing 
again at the game of biblical prophecy. I 
suggest we all take a deep breath and 
calm down, and that believers in general 
get back to the business of the gospel. 
There are hurting people who need what 
we have to offer to keep us busy until 
the end really comes. 

And you know, I've got a funny 
feeling if we just stop looking and 
pointing and matching the show 
really will close. 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart, tnd. 

May 1991 Messenger 9 



From July 2 to 7 Brethren will meet 
along the Willamette River at the new 
Oregon Convention Center in Portland — 
the "rose city" — for a week of inspira- 
tional worship, work, and reunion. The 
theme for the 1 99 1 Conference is 
"Behold, the Wonder of God's Pres- 
ence." Business will be moderated by 
Phillip C. Stone, an attorney from 
Harrisonburg, Va. 

Repeat conferencegoers are well 
•acquainted with the regular array of 
offerings — exhibits, the quilt auction 
that benefits hunger causes, late-night 
insight sessions. New events and other 
highlights are presented in this preview 
of the Portland Conference. For more 
information, see the Annual Conference 
packets distributed to each congregation 
or contact the Annual Conference office 
at 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; 
(800) 323-8039. 


Tuesday evening: Preacher: Phillip C. 
Stone, Annual Conference moderator. 
Topic: "How Awesome Is This Place." 

Wednesday evening: Preacher: 
Eugene Roop, professor of Old Testa- 
ment at Bethany Seminary. Topic: "Our 
Hope is Gone." 

Thursday evening: Preacher: June 
Yoder, professor at Associated Menno- 
nite Seminaries, Elkhart, Ind. Topic: "It 
Ain't Like in the Pictures!" 

Friday evening: Preacher: Gilbert 
Romero, pastor of the Bella Vista 
Church of the Brethren, Los Angeles, 
Calif. Topic: "Look Who is Going to 
Take a Spiritual Bath!" 

Saturday evening: Preacher: Susan 
Stem Boyer, associate pastor of the 
Manchester congregation. North Man- 
chester, Ind. Topic: "In Joy and Fear." 

Sunday morning: Preacher: Thomas 
Geiman, pastor of the Mill Creek 

1 Messenger May 1991 

congregation. Port ^• 

Republic, Va. Topic 

"The Real Wonder of God!" 

Pre-conference meetings 

A conference on "Violence and Abuse: 
Challenge for the Church" begins 
Monday at 7 p.m. and ends Tuesday at 
noon. The speaker is Marie Fortune, 
author of Se.xual Violence: The Unmen- 
tionable Sin and director of the Center 
for the Prevention of Sexual and 
Domestic Violence in Seattle, Wash. 
The event is sponsored by the Associa- 
tion of Brethren Caregivers, the Program 
for Women, and the Womaen's Caucus. 

The Ministry of Reconciliation, 
through the On Earth Peace Assembly, is 
offering a workshop on "Interpersonal 
Peacemaking and Reconciliation," 
Tuesday, 8:30 a.m.-4:15 p.m. 

Frank R. Tiliapaugh, pastor of the 
Bear Valley Baptist Church in Denver, 
Colo., is keynote speaker at the 
Minister's Association meeting, Monday 

7:30-9:30 p.m. and 
Tuesday 9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Tiliapaugh, 
author of The Church Unleashed and 
Unleashing Your Potential, will speak 
on "Building the Church; Penetrating the 

Norman Whan will lead a new church 
development workshop on telephone 
marketing called "The Phone's For 
You," Monday, 8 a.m. -4 p.m. (see 
page 40). 

The Day of Intercession is held 
Tuesday 9 a.m. -4 p.m. 

An orientation for first-time attendees 
is held Tuesday 3:30-5 p.m. 

Also meeting before Conference are 
Standing Committee, the General Board, 
the Brethren Health and Welfare board, 
the Brethren Health Foundation board, 
the Brethren Homes/Older Adult board, 
and the district executives. Bethany 
Seminary will hold a reception. 

Tours, and more tours 

A variety of sightseeing tours will be offered Monday, Tuesday, and Sunday of 
Conference week. 

A favorite tour for Portland visitors is the Mount Hood Loop, stopping at 
Crown Point, Multnomah Falls, and Bonneville Dam and Fish Hatchery en route 
to Mount Hood National Forest and the Cascade Range. 

A city tour of Portland includes the 22-room French Renaissance Pittock 
Mansion, a stroll through the Japanese Gardens, and a chance to see 10,000 rose 
bushes of 400 varieties at the International Rose Test Gardens. 

The Columbia River Gorge tour includes stops at Women's Forum State 
Park, Crown Point, the 620-foot Multnomah Falls, and the Bonneville Dam and 
Fish Hatchery. 

A tour of the north Oregon coast includes stops at the Maritime Museum 
and the 1 66-step Astor Column in Astoria, and a Lewis and Clark fort replica at 
Fort Clatsop. 

The Mount St. Helens Loop captures the essence of the volcano's eruption 
from Windy Ridge, with a vantage point to see the crater (Monday tour only). 

For cost and registration information contact Cathy Barclay at Raz Trans- 
portation Company— (800) 666-3301 or (503) 246-3301. 

Annual Conference preview by Karla Boyers 

Young Adults at Conference 

A pre-Conference workshop for young adults, sponsored by the Young Adult 
Steering Committee, will review structure and polity of Annual Conference and 
the General Board, important issues to be discussed at Conference, and the role 
of young adults in participating in Conference decision-making. 

The Tuesday 9 a.m. -noon workshop will feature presentations from General 
Board staff. Annual Conference moderator-elect Phyllis Noland Carter, and 
pastor Chuck Boyer, of the La Verne (Calif.) congregation. 

The Young Adult Steering Committee is also sponsoring a workcamp the 
week prior to Annual Conference, in cooperation with Portland's Habitat for 
Humanity. Cost is $70. Contact the Young Adult Ministries office at 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 323-8039. 

during the week 

Jlble studies: Electives, Wednesday 
hrough Saturday, 7:30-8:30 a.m. 

Committee hearings: Tuesday 9-10 
).m.: Denominational Structure Review: 
'eacemaking; Brethren and Black 
Americans; Creation: Called to Care; 
'astoral Compensation and Benefits 
Advisory Committee. 

Forums: (Discussions on items of 
jeneral interest) Tuesday, 9-10 p.m.: 
rommittee on Interchurch Relations, 
jeneral Board Response to Annual 
ronference Actions. 

Insight sessions: Wednesday through 
'riday, 9-10 p.m. 

General Board live report: Thursday 

Age-group activities: Combined 
ictivities are planned for single adults 
age 25 and older) and young adults (age 
8-30). Senior highs (grades 9-12), 
unior highs (grades 6-8), and children 
K-5th grade) also have special activi- 
ies. Child care is available for infants 
hrough age 5 during business sessions 
ind worship. 

Meal events 

Sreakfasts: Tickets are $6.50. Thurs- 
iay: Brethren Press. Friday: Evangel 21: 
evangelical Leaders, People of the 

Covenant. Saturday: On Earth Peace 
Assembly. Sunday: Sunday School 

Luncheons: Tickets are $8.50. 
Tuesday: Ministers' Association (box 
lunch $5), Wednesday: Association of 
Brethren Caregivers Recognition, 
Ecumenical, Outdoor Ministries, 
Program for Women. Thursday: Young 
Adult Ministry, CoBACE, Association 
for the Arts lunch and tour of Portland's 
Pittock Mansion, Japanese Gardens, and 
International Rose Test Gardens (limited 
number available in advance from An- 
nual Conference office for $15), Breth- 
ren Journal Association, Older Adult, 
HIV/AIDS Ministry Network. Friday: 
Church and Persons with Disabilities, 
Womaen's Caucus, Passing on the Prom- 
ise, Congregational Deacons, Urban 
Ministries, Youth Ministry, Association 
of the Arts (AACB). Saturday: 
Bridgewater College, Elizabethtown 
College, Juniata College, University of 
La Verne, Manchester College, 
McPherson College. Sunday: On Earth 
Peace Assembly (box lunch $6.75). 

Dinners: Tickets are $10.50. Wednes- 
day: Church Growth and Evangelism. 
Thursday: Messenger. Friday: World 
Ministries, Higher Education. Saturday: 
Hispanic Ministries. 

Tickets for meal events will be 

available at Annual Conference, but 
conferencegoers are encouraged to 
purchase tickets early through the 
Annual Conference office. 


Early evening concerts: Wednesday 
through Saturday, 6-6:45. Wednesday: 
Mike Stem, songwriter from Seattle, 
Wash., and "Just Us" folk music group. 
Thursday: Steve Kinzie, songwriter and 
guitarist from Eugene, Ore., and friends. 
Friday: William Stafford, Oregon poet 
and teacher. Saturday: "Northwest 
Potpourri," musicians from Oregon and 
Washington District. 

The Conference choir will be 
directed by Bruce H. Hirsch, of Alta 
Loma, Calif. To sign up, send $7 for a 
music packet to the Conference office. 

The handbell choir will be directed 
by Lois Schopp. To sign up, write to her 
at 401 Marilyn, Wenatchee, WA 98801. 

Spouse support 

Ordained minister and Pacific 
Southwest District co-executive 
Pattie Stem will speak at the 
Pastors' Spouse Support Group 
meeting, on Tuesday at noon. 

Stem, a pastor's wife for more 
than 20 years and previously a 
missionary in Nigeria, now shares 
the district executive position with 
her husband, Irven. 

Pre-registration is available by 
sending $7.50 for a bag lunch to 
Nancy Fitzsimons, P.O. Box 355, 
Outlook, WA 98938. A limited 
number of tickets will be available 
at the Ministers' Association 
Conference on Monday, July 1, 
from 6-7:30 p.m. Child care is 

May 1991 Messenger 11 

Charles Boyer 

Theresa Eshhach 

Judy Mills Reimer 

Albert Sauls 

Candidates for moderator-elect 

Charles Boyer La Verne, Calif.. (Pacific Southwest) La Veme congregation. Age 53. 
Pastor. Church board, chair; Sunday school teacher. District writing clerk; youth 
cabinet. Annual Conference Standing Committee; study committee. Director of 
volunteer services; peace consultant; national youth cabinet advisor; campus minister 
to international students. National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious 
Objectors, board member, chair. 

Theresa Eshbach Thomasville, Pa., (Southern Pennsylvania) Bermudian congre- 
gation. Age 50. Executive director. Children's Aid Society. Sunday school teacher; 
vacation Bible school director. District Christian education commission; camp board, 
leader. Annual Conference Standing Committee, nominating committee, chair; study 
committees, chair. Health and Welfare board, executive council; health foundation. 
Educational development team. Author/curriculum writer. 

Judy Mills Reimer Roanoke, Va., (Virlina) Williamson Road congregation. Age 
50. Owner/manager office furniture retail business. Church board; nurture and witness 
commission, chair; children's director; Sunday school superintendent; deacon. District 
board; nurture commission; outdoor ministry committee. Brethren Volunteer Service; 
General Board, chair; commissions, chair. Ecumenical observer. Annual Conference 
study committees. Institute of Industrial Ministries, chair. 

Albert Sauls Ephrata, Pa., (Atlantic Northeast) Ephrata congregation. Age 59. 
Pastor. District moderator; board, chair; witness commission; new church planting; 
board for ministerial matters, chair; discipleship and reconciliation committee, evan- 
gelism committee. Annual Conference delegate; speaker; study committee. Evange- 
lism counselor. Local ministerium, president; hospital chaplaincy committee; Ecu- 
menical Christian Action Committee. 

Initial 1991 ballot 

General Board, district representa- 
tives. (Five-year term. Standing Com- 
mittee selects two from each district.) 
Michigan: Kathi Griffin, Freeport, 
Mich.; Brian L. Rise, Lake Odessa, 
Mich.; Thomas Wagner, Muskegon, 
Mich.; Douglas E. Wantz, Middleton, 
Mich. Southern Pennsylvania: Donald 
Fogelsanger, Chambersburg, Pa.; John 
L. Huffaker, Waynesboro, Pa.; Carol A. 
Scheppard, Princeton, N.J.; Walter Wilt- 
schek Jr., Hellam, Pa. West Marva: 
Samuel K. Detwiler, Moorefield, W.Va.; 
J. Rogers Pike, Mountain Lake Park, 
Md.; Norma Osborne McCombs, Eglon, 
W. Va.; Sue Sappenfield Overman, 
Morgantown, W. Va. 

General Board, at-large representa- 
tives. (Five-year term. Standing Com- 

1 2 Messenger May 1991 

mittee selects four.) Gary Benesh, North 
Wilkesboro, N.C.; Betty Jo Buckingham, 
Prairie City, Iowa; Kathlyn L. Coffman, 
Cabool, Mo.; Donald R. Fitzkee, 
Elizabethtown, Pa.; Edith Gauby, Waka, 
Texas; Kiyo Mori, Covington, Wash.; 
Carl E. Myers, Elgin, 111.; Colleen Beam 
Smith, Orlando, Fla. 

Annual Conference Central Com- 
mittee. (Three-year term. Standing 
Committee selects two.) Kim Yaussy 
Albright, Huntington, Ind.; David M. 
Bibbee, South Bend, Ind.; Jeff Parsons, 
Sparta, N.C.; Gilbert Romero, Los 
Angeles, Calif. 

Pastoral Compensation and Benefits 
Advisory Committee, laity. (Five-year 
term. Standing Committee selects 
two.) Rita Beam, McPherson, Kan.; 
David Hurlbut, Modesto, Calif.; Ja- 

CPS Reunion 

A reunion for Civilian Public 
Service veterans who were at 
Cascade Locks (CPS #21) during 
1940-46 has been planned for June 
26-28 at the Menucha Retreat and 
Conference Center, 22 miles east 
of Portland. 

Wives, widows, and other 
CPSers are also welcome. Accom- 
modations may require sharing 
rooms with 6-8 people. Contact 
Charlie Davis, 4295 S.W. 
Melville, Portland, OR 97201; 
(503) 244-8288. 

son D. (Dick) Lindower, South Bend, , 
Ind.; Virginia Hileman Meyer, Naper- 
ville. 111. 

Committee on Interchurch Rela- 
tions. (Three-year term, Standing 
Committee selects two.) Larry M. 
Dentler, North Liberty, Ind.; Geraldine 
Zigler Glick, Broadway, Va.; Bettina 
Harmon, Denver, Colo.; David G. Metz 
ler, Bridgewater, Va. 

Brethren Benefit Trust. (Four- 
year term. Standing Committee selects 
two.) Carl L. Brubaker, Lititz, Pa.; Don 
Fecher, Rocky Mount, Va.; James K. 
Garber, North Manchester, Ind.; 
Raymond Martinez, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
Electors, college. (Five-year term. 
Standing Committee selects two.) P. 
Joan Austin, Elizabethtown, Pa.; Doris 
Coppock, McPherson, Kan.; Judith 
Georges, La Veme, Calif.; Dorothy 
Hershberger, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 
Electors, laity. (Five-year term. Stand- 
ing Committee selects two.) Jay Crist, 
York, Pa.; Marsha K. Hoover, Claren- 
don Hills, 111.; Charles H. Kwon, 
Evanston, III.; Peg Margus Yoder, 
Huntingdon, Pa. | 


^ew Business 

>Jew business focuses on a broad variety 
if issues including evangelism and the 
lature of the Church of the Brethren and 
esus Christ. 

A Northern Indiana query — Missions 
unreached people groups — asks 
>innual Conference if the denomination 
hould have "a clear and specific plan 
. . for proclaiming the gospel and plant- 
ng Churches of the Brethren among 
inreached people groups." 

Two Atlantic Northeast District 
lueries request statements from Annual 
Conference. Religious pluralism and 
leadship of Christ asks for a statement 
onceming Jesus Christ as "Savior of the 
vorld and as head of the church accord- 
ng to the Scriptures." The nature of the 
:hurch requests the appointment of a 
tudy committee to report in 1992 with a 
lefinition of the "essential nature of the 
rhurch of the Brethren, that without 
vhich we would no longer be the Church 
if the Brethren." 

Other new business includes: 

Seeking new relationships with 
brethren heritage churches world- 
vide. Atlantic Southeast District asks 
he church to consider ways to meet with 
)ther Brethren denominations around the 

Support of Brethren outreach min- 
stries. The General Board recommends 
hat Conference challenge congregations 
increase financial support and tithing. 

Pursuing stewardship practices in 
seeping with our calling. Southern 
'lains District petitions for a committee 
study the financial savings of steward- 
ship measures such as holding Confer- 
;nce biannually. 

Per capita funding of district pro- 
»ram. Missouri District asks the General 
Board to appoint a committee to study 
he equalizing of district funding. 

Procedure for presenting queries to 
Annual Conference. Middle Pennsylva- 
lia District asks Standing Committee to 
eview and clarify procedures for bring- 
ng queries to Conference. 

Ethics in ministry. Oregon/Washing- 
on District asks for a committee to 

develop a code of ethical princi{)les for 
Brethren clergy. 

Organ and Tissue Donation. North- 
ern Ohio District petitions for the ap- 
pointment of a committee to evaluate 
organ and tissue donation. 

Changes in Brethren Medical Plan/ 
Pension Plan, Ministers' Group. The 
Pastoral Compensation and Benefits 
Advisory Committee recommends 
changes in the Medical Plan: increasing 
the deductible to $200 and eliminating 
base benefits. It also recommends that 
the minimum age to receive an annuity 
be lowered from 60 to 55. 

Ratification of Brethren Benefit 
Trust Action. The Brethren Benefit 
Trust board recommends changes in 
qualifications for election of members. 


Quick Conference news 

From June 30-July 7, Newsline, a 
Church of the Brethren telephone 
news service, will feature daily 
updates on Annual Conference 

Newsline currently provides 
weekly updates on Brethren news, 
with new messages posted Thurs- 
day mornings. Newsline's three- 
minute recorded message can be 
reached 24 hours a day, seven days 
a week. Call (301) 635-8738. 

Unfinished business 

Brethren and Black Americans. The 

committee appointed last year will bring 
a report, including recommendations to 
the General Board that high priority be 
given to an anti-racism program in the 
Goals for the '90s; that the Urban 
Ministry staff position be restored to 
full-time; that a black staff member be 
hired by the Board with full-time 


Help wanted 

Annual Conference wouldn't be 
possible without the help of 

The Deaf Ministry Task Force is 
looking for people to help with 
deaf interpretation. Contact Janice 
Martin, 504 Elm Street, Frederick, 
MD 21701; (301) 662-0342. 

Doctors and nurses are needed to 
serve in the first aid room. Contact 
Dr. Wayne Zook, 201 S. Elliott 
St., #16, Wenatchee, WA 98801; 
(509) 662-2972. 

The Church and Persons with 
Disabilities Network offers a 
"Buddy System" to adults or 
children with disabilities. Contact 
the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers, 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 323-8039. 

To find out about other volun- 
teer opportunities, contact the 
Annual Conference Office. 

responsibilities for black ministries; that 
a relationship be developed with a black 
US denomination; that each Brethren 
college establish a relationship with an 
historically black college; and that 
congregations be in solidarity with black 
Americans and other victims of racism. 

The denominational structure 
review committee will also report. 

Two papers — "Peacemaking: The 
Calling of God's People in History" 
and "Creation: Called to Care" — will 
be brought for approval. The first at- 
tempts to make a comprehensive 
statement on the Brethren commitment 
to peacemaking as a way of life. The 
second paper was brought to last year's 
Conference, where delegates asked that 
it be made available for study and be 
brought again this year. The paper has 
been revised and shortened. 

May 1991 Messenger 13 

O Whitestone 

^^^ A Vi OEllisforde 

feeattlePeace^ ^^^ 

Olympic Viewm/ gunnyslope 

I Tacoma.0 q "wenatchee_ 

Olymrnaf^ Camp Komoma 

•SalkumQ q 

' Richland O Outlook 


PORTLAND 06p„,,,,, 

f Salem 


On the 


by Karla Boyers 


6 Springfield 
'bCamp Myrtlewood 


ts PassO^ 

V \ o Klamath Falls 


Fruitlandij Mountain View 

BowmlW^«-- ^- 
Boise Valley 


Jackpot 9 

The districts of Oregon- 
Washington and Idaho 
comprise 25 congre- 
gations. Brethren driving 
to Conference from 
Pacific Southwest 
District or from the 
eastern states will pass 
close to many of them. 
All have their welcome 
mats out for the travelers. 

To whet your appetite for that trip to Annual Conference 

in Portland, we have assembled a few stories from the 

host districts. Oregon-Washington and Idaho welcome you. 

Wenatchee's day care center 
operates on faith 

When the Wenatchee (Wash.) Brethren- 
Baptist Church United challenged its 
congregation to find a way to minister to 
children in the neighborhood, a group of 
five women began meeting weekly for 
prayer and conversation. From the 
meetings, the idea emerged for a day 
care center, with special emphasis on 
benefitting low-income families. 

The women canvassed the neighbor- 
hood for its opinions and talked to 
school officials to see what needs 
existed. The idea — planted in faith in 
October 1 989 and watered by prayer and 
the generous financial sponsorship of the 
Wenatchee church — sprouted in April 
1990 with the opening of the Mustard 
Seed Day Care Center. 

1 4 Messenger May 1991 

The center has its own board of 10 
directors, seven of them members at 
Wenatchee. Besides contributions of the 
Brethren-Baptist congregation, the board 
presently is looking to other churches in 
the area, "hoping to find others to co- 
sponsor" the center. Funds are solicited 
from the community, which is "very 
supportive," according to Lynn Brown, 
volunteer director of the non-profit 

Mustard Seed meets in the lower level 
of a small church in the community 
since the Wenatchee church does not 
pass strict fire code standards for such 
use. Of the 22 children registered, 70 
percent are from low-income families. 

In an informal study conducted by the 

principal of the Wenatchee school 
district, it was found that 36 percent of 
its students are at home alone after 
school, and 80 percent are on free or 
reduced-price lunches. 

"Wenatchee has no provision for 
latchkey children," says Lynn. The day 
care center has plans to expand and 
incorporate this group of children as 
well. A property located cattycomered td 
the low-income school Mustard Seed is 
hoping to serve has been purchased and 
donated to the center. ^J 

A committee of community leaders 
(including the mayor's wife) is applying 
for grants to finance building the new 
Mustard Seed structure. Hopes for the 
future also include recruiting members 
of a retirement community to help out at I 
the center, which now operates with foun 
full-time staff and other volunteer labor. 

It's "amazing, really, that we've done ! 
what we have so quickly," says Lynn, 

A'ho believes strongly that from the 
)utset of their brainstorming meetings it 
was "God's idea to pull us along." 

This year, the Mustard Seed Day Care 
Center was selected as one of seven 


finalists in the nation for a World Vision 
church project called, ironically enough, 
the "Mustard Seed Award" . . . which 
goes to show what a little act of faith can 
grow into. 


Mustard Seed director Lynn Brown 
with a few of her charges. 

Camp Myrtlewood respects 
its 'spiritual' setting 

Zamp Myrtlewood, 156 acres nestled "in 
he hills" just outside of Myrtle Point, 
3re., is a "spiritual" place, says Mar- 
garet Jones, co-director of the Church of 
he Brethren camp for over seven years, 
ilong with her husband, John. She notes 
hat the Indians who were "here before 
as" have left a certain feel to the land. 

The 55-year-old camp is host to about 
50 groups year-round, and operates with 
1 full-time staff of three — Margaret, 
lohn, and current Brethren Volunteer 
Service (BVS) worker, Jim Borkholder. 
Several other volunteers help out in the 
summer or during times when larger 
groups are using the facilities. 

Camp Myrtlewood works hard to 
incorporate into its program a respect for 
he environment. Recently they have 
^een working with the Oregon state 
Isheries department on a Salmon Trout 

Enhancement Program (STEP). The 
nearby logging industry has polluted the 
river system. The water "gets silty. The 

Above: A deer commands the morning in 
a Camp Myrtlewood meadow. 

Below: BVSer Jim Borkholder salvages 
firewood for Camp Myrtlewood from a 
logging company' s clearcut area. 

May 199! Messenger 15 

eggs of spawning fish hatch, but choke," 
Margaret explains. 

To help correct the problem, spawning 
fish are caught and their eggs are taken. 
When the eggs reach the "rubbery" stage 
where they can be easily handled, they 
are transported back to the river and 
placed in a "hatch box" — a wooden box 
set in the river, allowing water to run 
over the eggs. When the eggs hatch and 
grow to "about an inch long," the hatch 
boxes are opened and the fish are 
released. "Instead of there being a 95- 
percent mortality rate, this way we only 
lose about five percent," says Margaret. 

The camp also is involved in a stream 
enhancement program with the Oregon 
fish and wildlife department, putting 
"debris" back into the stream. Trees and 
rocks are "glued" into the water to give 
fish a "hiding place" and keep them 
from getting washed downstream into 
the flood plain. 

"Sometimes we're branded as 'envi- 
ronmentalists, but okay people,' " said 
Margaret. "People know how (ecologi- 
cally concerned) we are, but they also 
know that we understand them as neigh- 
bors, know their fears, and have concern 
and respect for them as people." 

Idaho Brethren are betting on 
Jackpot being a winner 

Ervin Huston, formerly Idaho District's 
executive, was president of the Twin 
Falls (Idaho) Association of Churches 
when a Methodist member of the group 
put her chips on the table, so to speak, 
broaching the possibility of a joint 
venture in Nevada. 

Six years ago, a meeting was held to 
discuss the ecumenical move, which 
began with Church of the Brethren, 
Presbyterian, Methodist, and Catholic 
participants, later joined by Disciples of 
Christ, Evangelical Lutheran Church in 
America, and American Baptist Con- 
vention denominations. "We first had to 
work through our different traditions and 
develop trust," said Ervin. 

The building — donated by the Idaho 
Catholic Archdiocese — was to be trans- 
ported from Eden, Idaho, to Jackpot. It 
was decided the church would provide 
separate services for Catholics and Pro- 
testants. All Protestant groups decided 
the emphasis should be interdenom- 

inational. "We wanted a strong church 
that says we can overcome our doctrinal 
differences, that doctrine is not the 
ultimate part of ministry," said Ervin. 
The venture, however, marking the first . 
Brethren involvement in Nevada, was 
still without a pastor. 

Meanwhile, in the rolling hills of 
eastern Kentucky, Peggy Boyce, a part- 
time Presbyterian pastor, picked up an 
interview for a church opening in Ne- 
vada through a resume computer match. 

"The church traveled 70 miles and I 
came 2,100," said Peggy. Both arrived 
in one piece, although, unlike Peggy, the 
church had to get some fixing first. 
While it was en route to Jackpot, riding 
atop a flatbed tractor-trailer, a pin in 
the back axle of the truck broke, causing 
the church to slide into a ditch and break 
in two. But the little broken one made it 
to Jackpot none-the-less, where it is ' 
located "past the end of Progressive ■ 
Drive. You get off the road and keep on 

Jan Eller: A lot of administrative skills 

Jan Eller, Oregon and Washington 
District's executive since 1986, grew up 
in Long Beach, Calif., and moved to 
Portland, Ore., in 1973. She is a long- 
time volunteer in various capacities on 
the district level — including work on 
ecumenical hunger projects — and was 
district moderator-elect when the DE 
position became available. 

"They were looking for someone who 
had a lot of administrative skills," said 
Jan. At the time, she had spent the past 
four years working on a budget advisory 
committee for the city of Portland. 
Likewise, her master's degree in public 
administration made it clear that she was 
a prime candidate for the job. 

"Because of my education and 
experience, I understand systems," said 
Jan, who enjoys "trying to facilitate the 

1 6 Messenger May 1991 

right match between pastor and church," 
and who says the position hasn't brought 
any "big surprises" for her. "What I 

don't like — and don't think any DE ] 

enjoys — is conflict in which I have to i ^ 
intervene." ■ • 

Jan is excited about new-church > 

growth for the district, which is involved f 
in Passing on the Promise, the denomi- ' 
national program for evangelism. Sup- ' 
port is being lined up, but "the biggest \ 
key is finding the right people to lead," \ 
said Jan. 

For Jan, Oregon- Washington District ' 
is "defined a lot by its geography." "Ont 
thing that's different here from the area 
east of the Mississippi is that we tend to 
be more relaxed, more casual about ' 
things." : 

Casual, however, by no means 
translates as lackadaisical when it come; ' 
to Jan's search for "the right match." 
Two-thirds of the pastors in Oregon- 

?oing," says Peggy. 

A town of about 1 ,000 located 55 
miles south of Twin Falls, Jackpot is a 
'one-business town" where the 
'gaming" industry (as they call it in 
Nevada) is king. The church is four- 
tenths of a mile from one casino, and 
seven-tenths from Cactus Pete's — the 
largest casino employer in the area, 
rhere are only two trailer parks (the 
predominant type of housing) that aren't 
Dwned by the casinos, and one of those 
is for employees of the elementary-high 
school of 257 students. 

Peggy, who began services at Jackpot 
Community in August 1990, sees little 
difference between Jackpot and any 
'steel town" in America where every- 
:hing is dominated by a single trade. In 
;he case of Jackpot, however, the trade 
runs 24 hours a day, seven days a week 
—an interesting dynamic to consider 
ivhen making a worship schedule. 
Currently, Protestant services run 4 p.m. 
Sundays, 10 a.m. Tuesdays, and 9 p.m. 
rhursdays. Sometime soon, Peggy may 
;nd up incorporating a 2 a.m. service to 
iccommodate yet another "shift" of 
:asino employees. 
I The church, currently operating with 

Washington's 18 congregations (totaling 
ibout 1,963 members) are seminary- 
rained and ordained — which is signifi- 
:ant says Jan, considering the small size 
3f some of the congregations. 

As a "half-time" DE, Jan travels 
ilmost 30 percent of her time, and 
spends about nine hours a week in the 

"We're looking forward to hosting 
Annual Conference this summer," says 
fan, whose excitement is shared by 
.Tiany from Oregon-Washington District 
vvho might not be able to attend a 
Conference in the East. 

For information on sightseeing 
ittractions in the district, contact the 
castors in those areas; or for Portland, 
:all Jan Eller at the district office: (503) 
^53-6099.— Karla Boyers 

Top: A front-end 
loader nudges the two 
pieces of the Jackpot 
church back together 
after an accident 
occurred while the 
building was being 
moved. Above: A 
recent photo shows 
the remodeled 
church, none the 
worse for its ordeal. 
Right: Pastor Boyce 
held the first worship 
service in the church 
last September. Folks 
from Twin Falls. 
Idaho, had come 
down to help clean 
and paint. 

May 199! Messenger 17 

Right: The Columbia River Gorge lies along 
the scenic route east of Portland. 

Below: Skidmore Fountain and the 
surrounding 20-block historic district mark 
Portland's original commercial core. 
Portland's Metropolitan Area Express 
(MAX) light rail line has a 15-mile course. 

Left: Multnomah Falls cascades over the 
rock walls of the Columbia River Gorge, 
east of Portland. At 620 feet, it is the fifth 
highest waterfall in the United States. 

portable toilets, unfinished floors, and no 
lock on the door, is "about $5,000 away" 
from a permanent permit. The 
unfinished renovations keep Peggy from 
launching many of the activities she 
would like, including youth groups, 
special services for pre-school children 
and their parents, crafts and sewing 
times, Sunday school (though it may not 
be on Sunday), as well as special events 
such as a Mother's Day Out. 

Besides juggling her schedule to 
involve as many people as possible, 

1 8 Messenger May 1 99 1 

another part of Peggy's challenge right 
now is developing polity to incorporate 
all participating denominations' faith 
traditions. Although it presents a diffi- 
culty at times, Peggy has "always 
believed we can get more done to- 
gether." She hopes to keep and celebrate 
the various traditions. "Very few people 
in Jackpot have a sense of denomination 
and church history or ties — I want to 
allow them to fit in where they feel 

Peggy "loves" the new venture and is 

"having the time of her life." "I want to 
be here to marry the children I'm 
baptizing, and to baptize their children."' 
And yet. Jackpot still doesn't feel like a ■ 
hometown to her. "To call a place a 
hometown, there has to be a school, a 
church, a playground, and a cemetery. 
We don't have a playground or a 
cemetery yet." 

But Jackpot Community church is ' 
working on all that, and Peggy is taking ! 
the gamble that someday. Jackpot will '• 
become a real hometown. ' 

Sidney King: She's held every office 

Before Sidney King became Idaho 
District's executive in November 1989, 
she "held every office" and has worked 
tvith all of Idaho's executives since it 
Decame a district in 1972. 

Bom in Caldwell, Idaho, Sidney is 
:hird-generation Idahoan. In 1865, her 
great-grandmother came west in a 
:overed wagon, and seven years later 
gave birth to Sidney's grandmother in a 
:ave during an Indian uprising. 

The oldest of three daughters, Sidney 
Dften went pheasant hunting with her 
Father — an interest that continues today 
ivith her husband, Verl, with whom she 
ilso hunts deer, antelope, and duck. 

Sidney and Verl live in Twin Falls 
where they are members of the Church 
3f the Brethren congregation there. As 
DE, Sidney works about eight hours a 
week out of her home, where she also 
works as an accountant. In addition to 
denomination involvement as a DE, 
Sidney also works in the denomination's 
Womaen's Caucus. 

What Sidney most enjoys about being 
DE is "working with people and congre- 

gations." Sometimes, to do just that, she 
has to travel quite a distance — from 1 30 
to 200 miles to Idaho's six congregations 
(excluding Twin Falls). Once a month 
she visits all pastors. At least once 
during the year she attends each congre- 
gation for worship and board meetings. 
Sidney says there is excitement in the 

district about Passing on the Promise, a 
denomination program for evangelism in 
which each Idaho congregation currently 
awaits results of a self-study research. 
As for the buzz right now, "many are 
talking of taking buses to Annual 
Conference," says Sidney. 

Idaho itself is "one of the fastest 
growing states in the nation," according 
to Sidney. "And we're friendly." 
Easterners who come through, and 
pastors who come from the east "take a 
while getting used to our openness." 

As a sampling of Idaho hospitality, 
Sidney, along with her district, invites 
any travelers — campers, hitchhikers, or 
otherwise — to stop through on their way 
to Annual Conference. For brochures of 
must-see attractions, names of camp- 
grounds and other areas to pitch your 
tent, or for general information on Idaho 
District and its congregations, send a 
SASE to Joan Holloway, Rt. 1, Filer, ID 
83328. Or contact Idaho District office, 
1758 8th Ave., Twin Falls, ID 83301; or 
telephone (208) 734-7813.— Karla 


May 1991 Messenger 19 

Above: Mount Hood, 
Oregon's highest peak at 
11, 325 feet, provides a 
backdrop for the Annual 
Conference city. Portland is 
known as "the City of 
Roses," because of the 
abundance and quality of 
those flowers there. 

Right: Pioneer Court House 
Square once was a dreary 
parking lot. It is a public 
gathering plaza and staging 
area for Portland's festivals. 

20 Messenger May 1991 


On second thought 

What Annual Conference moderators wouldn't enjoy a 

chance to improve on their earlier record? Most of the former moderators 

in this survey would do things differently if they 

had it to do all over again. 

3y Elaine Sollenberger 

lince the late 1940s Annual Conferences 
egularly have had a theme. Not all of 
hem were memorable, but phrases such 
IS "To Heal the Broken," "Flamed by 
he Spirit," "All Creation Awaits," "Go 
"orth in Faith," and "Teaching Them to 
Dbserve all Things" may bring to mind 
;ome of the Brethren gatherings of the 

Annual Conference themes, although 
iltimately chosen by Central Commit- 
ee, often reflect the preference of the 
noderator. In fact, one expectation of 
he moderator is that of ". . . assuming 
esponsibility/privilege in determining 
he focus/theme ... of the conference." 

Recently the former moderators were 
isked to participate in a complete-the- 
lentence kind of survey. The hypotheti- 
;al sentence read: "If I were moderator 
tgain, I would propose that the theme be 
. . " and "the title of my moderator's 
iddress would be. . . ." The respondents 
:ould include the main points of the 
iddress and offer some wording for a 
:oncluding paragraph. 

"Where is the passion of the church 
oday?" "Where has our energy and 
inthusiasm gone?" are two questions 
hat Nevin H. Zuck (1962) would pose 
i" ^^^^ to the denomina- 

^^PHN^ tion, in an address 

^M^ \ titled "Authentic 

^1 j^ ^ Passion." He 

defines passion as 
"living so intense- 
ly in some area of 
life that it hurts." 
lis theme for Conference would be 
The Reformation Radicals Ride 

"The Church Doing What Nobody 
ilse Can Do" is the theme proposal of 
flarold Z. Bomberger (1971). He 

asserts that the church needs "to be the 
force portrayed in 
the book of Acts, 
when the church 
was young" and 
not fail to "make 
known the love of 
God, the grace of 
Jesus Christ, and the dynamic and 
fellowship of the Holy Spirit." 
Another call to faithfulness comes 
from A. Blair 
through the theme 
"God's Call to the 
Brethren to Be 
Faithful." He 
suggests that "the 
Christian faith 
does not lead us to arrogance but to 
humility, not to bondage but to freedom, 
not to hatred but to love, not to division 
but to unity, not to inaction but to 
commitment, not to selfishness but to 
service." Says this former moderator, 
"We cannot be certain that we will 
succeed in our mission in our time. We 
are not required, however, to succeed, 
but our Lord commands us to be 
Immediate past moderator Curtis W. 
would continue to 
challenge the 
Church of the 
Brethren to live in 
obedience and 
faithfulness to 
God's call, using 
the theme "Faithful to Christ in These 
Times." He counsels, "Sisters and 
brothers, there is always a time in 
history that calls for faithfulness. For 
you and me, that time is now.'' 
Paul M. Robinson (1956) would 

Desmond W. Bittinger (right). 1958 
moderator of Annual Conference, passes 
the gavel to his successor. William 
Beahm. The 1958 Conference marked 
Bittinger' s second stint as moderator. He 
had served in that post at the 1951 
Conference, in San Jose, Calif. At age 
85, and living in La Verne, Calif, 
Desmond Bittinger shares with 
A. Stauffer Curry (1955. 1965), New 
Oxford, Pa., the distinction of being the 
last surviving moderators who have 
served more than one term. 

remind Brethren of their "glorious 
tradition of mission and service" and 
then ask "What do we yet lack?" In 
response to that question, he says, "We 

May 1991 Messenger 21 

must try to discern the leading of God's 
spirit for tiie 
ministry of the 
church in this 
decade. We must 
be prepared for 
new, adventurous 
patterns of 
ministry, not 
bound by the past but using our heritage 
as a launching pad for future areas of 
witness and service." 

"Can the Church of the Brethren be 
saved?" would be the question at issue 
for Dale W. Brown (1972). He ex- 
presses "genuine 
empathy" for both 
the present con- 
cerns for the 
church and the 
temptations to 
devise strategies to 
save the Church of the Brethren." He 
then turns to the "increasingly hopeful 
signs and manifestations of the very 
message and incarnations of the things 
for which the Brethren were called out to 
be and to practice." 

Former moderator Brown adds, "Since 
there are growing signs that those things 
for which God called out the Brethren in 
the stream of human history will survive 
until the end, I no longer need to save 
the Church of the Brethren. ... I am free 
to enthusiastically call all of us to 
participate in the wonderful manifesta- 
tions of the kingdom coming, which we 
can both inspire and join. Maybe God 
will save us if we lose our life and lives 
for Christ." 
In an address titled "Let the Church of 
the Brethren Come 
to Life," William 
R. Eberly(1980) 
would say, "The 
church is the 
physical embodi- 
ment of Christ. . . . 
Today, as in 1980, 
the call comes for us to 'build up the 
church.' . . . The church, like the fabled 

22 Messenger May 1991 

rider who rode his horse off in all 
directions at once, seems to be going in 
all directions at once and, as a result, is 
going nowhere. Just as we believe that 
Christ lives in and among us, so the 
church will live if we let it. Let the 
Church of the Brethren live again!" 

Earle W. Fike Jr. (1982) puts 
forward "Behold! I Make All Things 
New" as a Conference theme. "Who 
Really Wants to 
Be New?" would 
be his Conference 
address title. Some 
thoughts on that 
^^ ^Ka^T question: "New 

HH 9|^^^B requires change — 
HB I In^^^H individually and 
corporately. That's risky. That's a faith 
adventure. We may not recognize our- 
selves after the new look. When God 
does the changing through Christ, the 
new is real and good. ... If we are truly 
Christ's, then there are things in store for 
us that we wouldn't be caught alive 
doing. Unless we are alive in the Spirit 
of One who makes all things new." 

James F. Myer (1985) would focus 
on the theme "Living in the Resurrec- 
tion." He reflects, "The validation of the 
Christian faith 
continues by virtue 
of a 1,900-year- 
old fact — the 
resurrection of 
Jesus Christ. It is 
the day in history 
that the real and 
only Messiah of God stood tall. It is 
because of the living Christ that our past 
has unique richness, our present has 
inexhaustible fulfillment, and our future 
has unequaled hope. It is this Christ 
whom we pro- 

With the theme 
"Back to the 
Basics, " M. Guy 
West (1968) 
would call the 
denomination to 
strive for spiritual renewal: "Let these 

words from the Book speak to moti 
vate and guide us into the future: 'If ^ 
my people who are called by my name 
humble themselves, pray, seek my face, 
and turn from their wicked ways, then 
I will hear from heaven, and will for- 
give their sin and heal their land' " 
(2Chr. 7:14). 
Long-time advocate for and partici- 
pant in ecumenical 
endeavors DeWitt 
L.Miller (1964) 
proposes the 
theme "Whose 
World Is This, 
Anyhow?" He 
emphasizes the 
point that "now is the time for the 
ecumenical movement to articulate its 
vision for all people living on the earth 
and caring for creation as a family where 
each member has the same right to 
wholeness of life. . . . This vision is 
spiritual, but it must be expressed in 
concrete action." 

projects this 
theme — "Care- 
takers of God's 
Creation." His 
challenge is to "let 
Brethren who have applied the kingdom 
ethic to peacemaking now apply it also 
to the care of the earth. Let farmers 
protect the earth for long-term produc- 
tivity. Let Brethren engineers design 
machinery that operates cleanly and 
efficiently. Let scientists among us 
search for alternative sources of energy. 
Let musicians bring harmony to this 
planet. Let artists create beautiful shapes 
and colors. Let all 
of us, where we 
live and work and 
play, preserve and 
enhance the beauty 
and hospitality of 
God's good 
Donald E. Rowe (1975) sums up his 



houghts this way: "The basic concern I 
lave is that we confront our members 
A'ith what it means to be Christian/ 
Brethren in a nuclear world. We have 
aecome so acculturated that basic 
Christian principles seem to make little 
difference in our everyday life." 

"Enlarging the Circle of Peace" is the 
heme that Donald F. Durnbaugh 
;1986) selected. He stresses that "Chris- 
tian churches are 
open to the gospel 
as never before in 
history. . . . It's 
incumbent on the 
Historic Peace 
Churches to 
revitalize the 
:estimony of peace. . . . Brethren must 
seize the kairos moment to do whatever 
we can to enlarge the circle of peace." 

With mission in mind, Charles M. 
Bieber (1977) would title his Confer- 
ence address 
'Even So Send I 
You." He says, "It 
is for us in the 

present age to ^ll.«„^*&* 

discover afresh the 
many ways in 
kvhich Jesus Christ 
was present in the world — in revelation, 
in proclamation, in healing, in redeem- 
ing, in teaching, in strengthening, in 
loving — the many ways in which God 
sends us to be Christ's presence in the 

Charles E. Zunkle (1961) also 

would emphasize 
mission, specifi- 
cally mission in 
Korea. "We need 
to be in mission 
again. Korea is 
asking us to 
come. . . . Now is 
not the time to delay. Now is God's time 
for us to act." 

Dean M. Miller (1973) would 
remind the denomination that "we can 
hold on to the anchor of hope because 
this is a world where Christmas comes 

out of a stable, and the Son of God 
comes out of a 
place such as 
Nazareth, and 20 
centuries of 
Christianity came 
from a graveyard. 
Let's close our 
ears to the 
soothsayers of optimism and the prog- 
nosticators of doom. Instead, let us listen 
for the stone that God can move, for in a 
world where carpenters are resurrected, 
anything can happen." He would use the 
theme "Anchoring Our Lives on Hope." 

If Warren F. Groff (1979) were to 
prepare a mod- 
erator's address 
again, the title 
would be "That 
the Lord's Name 
Be One." A major 
point of emphasis: 
"Unity is central, 
not peripheral, to the church's life and 
mission. It is an essential part of what 
God intends for creation as revealed in 
Jesus Christ." 

For Paul H. Fike (1984), Christian 
■P' .mS^^H ^<luc^tion should 

get the emphasis, 
using the theme 
"Prepare Ye the 
Way of the Lord." 
He would stress 
the importance of 
our discovering 
"that the Lord is forever willing and 
capable to take us from where we are to 
where he would have us be . . . accord- 
ing to our ability to become." 

Desmond W. 
Bittinger (1951, 
1958) would urge 
the Brethren to 
acquire "more 
knowledge about 
the world and its 

people, about economics, world hun- 
ger . . . about our responsibilities to one 

another," as well as "sharing knowledge 
and services." Churches around the 
world need to "sow the seed for sharing 
and growing together as brothers and 
sisters of one Lord." 

All the former moderators maintain an 
interest in the larger church and expect 
the church to continue making a differ- 
ence in the world. Harper S. Will 

(1950) reflects, 
"I think that 
Advent — God's 
Way' would make 
an excellent 
Conference theme. 
I can see God, a 
long time ago — 
some 20 centuries, looking down upon 
our planet Earth and seeing strife and 
loneliness and hunger and cruelty. And, 
like us, not liking what he saw, he 
decided something ought to be done. 
Help was needed. 

"There followed what we call Advent. 
Advent was bom — a baby was laid in a 
manger. A life was lived, some parables 
and other teachings were given on what 
life — life eternal — is ail about. A cross 
and a resurrection and a magnificent 
outlook followed. 

"I see no adequate answer to our 
human needs, our earth dilemmas, other 
than the truth wrapped up in the Advent 
happenings. When will we learn to hold 
high the Advent banner, take God's way 
— forgiving, sharing, loving, being kind? 
They are all so well spelled out in the 
life of Jesus, the Christ, our Savior." 

We hold Conference only once a year, 
and occasionally we toy with the idea of 
holding it even less often. But if we were 
inclined to hold Conference more 
frequently. Central Committee would 
not need to look far for speakers. Some 
of these former moderators could bring 
messages from which we all 
might benefit. 


Elaine Sollenherger is a member of the Everell 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren. She is a former 
chairwoman of the denomination' s General Board 
and. like the subjects of her survey, a former Annual 
Conference moderator (1989). 

May 1991 Messenger 23 

In Canberra: 

Sparks from 
the Holy Spirit 

Korean theologian Chung Hyun Kyung 
hums a list of victims — the holocaust, 
freedom fighters, spirits of struggling 
Korean women and the poor, and those 
who were in Japan's "prostitution 
army" during World War II. "Without 
hearing the cries of these spirits," she 
declared, "we cannot hear the voice of 
the Holy Spirit (at the Canberra WCC 

by Howard Royer 

Stretch and strain are essential compo- 
nents of an international gathering such 
as the Seventh Assembly of the World 
Council of Churches. Inevitably, when 
300-plus churches tackle a theme such as 
"Come, Holy Spirit, Renew the Whole 
Creation," the theological and cultural 
sensitivities of participants are both 
affirmed and assaulted. 

From the kaleidoscope of events at the 
February 7-20 assembly in Canberra, 
Australia, for this observer three central 
impressions or lessons remain fixed. 

Lesson No. 1. In the praise of God, 
creation is at times an exuberant ally. 

Early on in the assembly, 10,000 
locals and guests spread out on blankets 
across Commonwealth Park for an 
evening festival. Billed as the Gathering 
Under the Southern Cross, this welcom- 
ing event of the Australian churches was 
a mix of worship, pageantry, and story- 
telling. Taking center stage were an 
orchestra and a 500-voice choir amassed 
from churches in three cities, a pageant 
with a cast of hundreds, and a giant 
video screen that displayed building-size 
images. But standing like sentinels 
behind the platform and screen was a 
row of gum trees, mute but not immo- 
bile. As the evening breezes swept 
through the park, the eucalyptus seem- 
ingly swayed in rhythm, making vivid 
the Isaiah 55:12 text: "And the trees of 
the field shall clap their hands." 

Some days later, when inevitable 
differences arose internally on what 
prophetic words to utter on public issues, 
which priorities to rank foremost in light 
of diminishing resources, and how to 

arrive at just representation on commit- 
tees, a rare afternoon shower was 
followed by a resplendent rainbow. In 
fact, by a double rainbow. The biblical 
reminder of covenant and hope broke 
through with uncanny timing. 

Creation was not to be stilled. On the 
second Sunday in Canberra, Charles 
Adams, a dynamic preacher and presi- 
dent of the Progressive National Baptist 
Convention, led the late afternoon 
"black church service." His text was on 
Pentecost. As if his lilt and fervor were 
not enough to move the throng of 
worshipers and the massive worship tent, 
surprise gusts pounded the canvas and 
shook the steel rafters. "The rush of a 
mighty wind" was felt neither before or 
after the Adams sermon, but intermit- 
tently throughout. 

For a theme that delved into the Holy 
Spirit and creation, what could be more 
appropriate than having unfold before 
your eyes Psalm 148 — the psalm that 
calls on the sun and moon and stars and 
storms and creatures and mountains and 
trees to praise God. 

In the Land of the Spirit, the cosmic 
and the divine played hand in hand. 

Lesson No. 2. When it comes to per- 
ceiving matters of the Spirit, indigenous 
people have a lot to offer the church. 

At the opening ceremony worshipers 
walked through smoke to enter the 
worship tent. This cleansing rite is 
common among Australia's aborigines 
and other peoples of the Pacific. The 
baleful but captivating sound of the 
didgeridoo in calls to worship, and 
invitations to guests "to speak gently and 
walk softly, for you are on aboriginal 
land," tended to remind assemblygoers 

24 Messenger May 1991 

hat spirituality is no recent invention. 

Foremost the testimony of the aborigi- 
les was to cherish the land, remember- 
ng that it is not ours but the Spirit's, and 
hat it figures prominently in the history 
ind the holiness of many traditions. 

In the opening address Paul Reeves, 
brmer governor-general of New 
?!ealand, a former archbishop, and now 
\nglican representative to the United 
'"lations, shared insights about the land 
Tom his own Maori heritage. The Maori 
;ee the land as mother, loving it as a 
nother is loved. To work the land is to 
ake part in the sacred act of bringing 
ife to birth. 

"Food is the source of a person's 
)odily strength. The land is the source of 
heir spiritual strength," Reeves quoted 
in old Maori saying. 

Christians cannot separate God's 
)romise of redemption from the human 
esponsibility to cherish the land. Reeves 
idded. "The land remains forever, but 
people pass on." 

Indigenous people may be adept at 
lemonstrating not only a oneness with 
he land and a harmony with creation, 
3ut at sharing insights bom of "thou- 
iands of years of spirituality," declared 
5outh Korean theologian Chung Hyun- 
iCyung, "You have to understand where 
persons are coming from and the place 
rf pain, the place of the heart," she said. 
'When you get to that place, then dialog 
;an begin." 

In the most arresting presentation in 
Canberra, one that opened with a 
Iramatic farmers' dance by white-clad 
/oung Koreans and one that invoked and 
nemorialized the spirit of martyrs 
hrough the ages, the 34-year-old 

Top: Canberra attenders 
walked through smoke to 
enter the worship tent at the 
opening ceremony. This 
cleansing rite is a familiar 
one among Australia's 
aborigines and other peoples 
of the South Pacific. 

Left: Charles Adams, 
president of the Progressive 
National Baptist Convention, 
was a dynamic speaker, 
speaking on the topic of 

Below: John Guli was 
present in Canberra, 

representing a recently 
accepted member of the 
WCC — Ekklesiyar ' Yanuwa a 
Nigeria (the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria). 

May 1991 Messenger 25 

y., ^•^♦- 




7op; Brethren participant Ingrid Rogers plants eucalyptus and acacia trees on a 
barren hill near Canberra. The tree-planting project highlighted an assenibly sub- 
theme, "Renewing the Whole Creation." Above left: WCC general secretary Emilio 
Castro pleaded that by the ne.xt assembly WCC members would come together in 
common communion. Above right: A new WCC member is the 5.5 million-member 
China Christian Council, represented in Canberra by its president. Bishop K. H. Ting. 
Below: Ecleri Querevara and Sereana Bese,from Fiji, called assembly participants to 
worship, playing a traditional Fijian instrument. 

systematic theologian called for three 

One was for "our generation to learn 
how to live with the earth, promoting 
harmony, sustainability, and diversity." 

The second was a shift from "dualism' 
to "interconnection," overcoming 
polarities of body and spirit, emotion 
and mind, immanence and transcen- 
dence, women and men, black and 
white, poor and rich. 

The third change was to move from a 
"culture of death" to a "culture of life." 
War, in which winning is deemed more 
important than saving lives, exemplifies 
the culture of death. 

"Creation theology, feminist theology, 
liberation theology, syncretism are not 
the issues of the day. Power is," Chung 

"For 2,000 years we have been 
listening to you, the patriarchs, the 
bishops and the archbishops, the privi- 
leged class. Take 200 years, or at least 
the next 20, to listen to our voices — the 
women, the simple people of the church,' 
the land. We are the new paradigm. We 
are the new wine." 

Lesson No. 3. Churches need to work ■ 
intentionally and persistently at common 
understanding and common witness. 

The celebration and dialog that occur 
among WCC member churches at an 
every-seven-years-or-so assembly are 
important, but perhaps even more 
strategic are the special study confer- -i 
ences and convocations that the WCC 
convenes between assemblies. It is in 
these encounters that such themes as 
mission and evangelization; justice, 
peace and the integrity of creation; and 
faith and order are probed in depth. 

On the matter of peace and war, there 
were countless individual voices at 
Canberra denouncing the just war 
theory, declaring it as no longer theo- 
logically viable. One amendment to the 
assembly's gulf war statement that 
would have effectively put the WCC on 
record as a pacifist organization held for 
about four hours — until the final vote oni 
the statement was nearing. The amend- 
ment was reconsidered and defeated by i 
ratio of two to one. But the signal was 
sounded that an increasing number of 

26 Messenger May 1991 

ihurch leaders from across a broad spec- 
rum of traditions are openly questioning 
eligion's sanctioning of war. 

A second area where the churches 
leed sustained dialog and prayer is in 
he celebration of holy communion. 

Once again at Canberra Protestants 

and Orthodox held separate eucharists, 
quite to the dismay of the majority. 
WCC general secretary Emilio Castro 
was almost strident in his plea that by 
the time the next assembly is convened, 
WCC member churches come together 
in common communion. Further, he 

Joel Meyer (left), a Brethren steward at Canberra, takes communion. 

Dunkers down under 

The Church of the Brethren was represented at the WCC Seventh Assembly by 
three delegates — general secretary Donald E. Miller, Elgin, 111.; former General 
Board member Peggy Reiff Miller, Sharpsburg, Md.; and Judith Georges, 
University of La Verne (Calif.) campus minister. Ekklesiyar " Yanuwa a Nigeria 
(Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) was represented by its general secretary, 
John Guli. 

Three Brethren young adults were stewards — Alicia Calderon, Brethren 
Volunteer Service worker from Denver, Colo., serving in Geneva, Switzerland; 
Joel Meyer, Juniata College student, from Lombard, 111.; and Rhonda Pittman, 
Brethren Volunteer Service worker from Blacksburg, Va., serving in Elgin, 111. 

Shantilal Bhagat, World Ministries staff for economic justice/rural crises, 
was a program panelist. Howard Royer, director of interpretation on the General 
Services communication team, assisted with assembly media coverage. Others 
present from the General Board were two Parish Ministries staff members — 
Chris Michael, youth and young adult ministries; and Paul Mundey, evangelism; 
and General Board member Ingrid Rogers, North Manchester, Ind. 

Other Brethren present at Canberra were Warren Eshbach, Southern Penn- 
sylvania District executive, his wife, Theresa, and his son, Rob; Fumitaka 
Matsuoka, dean of Bethany Theological Seminary; Phyllis Miller, wife of 
general secretary Donald Miller; E. Paul Weaver, Everett, Pa.; and Bonnie and 
Ken Kline-Smeltzer, co-pastors of Modesto (Calif.) Church of the Brethren, and 
their son, Jesse. 

Happy to welcome Brethren and former colleagues to Canberra was Harriet 
Ziegler, Victoria, Australia, former managing editor of Messenger and director 
of news services on the General Board staff. 

questioned, how can the churches with 
integrity call on world leaders such as 
George Bush and Saddam Hussein to 
come to the negotiating table when 
Christians cannot unite around the 
Lord's table? 

Ongoing discussion is needed as well 
on the role of women and youth in the 
decision-making of the World Council 
but perhaps even more, in the member 
churches themselves. Were those 
concerns resolved among the member 
churches, the WCC scramble for a more 
balanced representation would be aided 

Six new churches were admitted at the 
outset of the Canberra Assembly, and 
about a dozen others recognized that had 
come into membership since the 1983 
assembly. Among the latter was 
Ekklesiyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria, the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria, 
represented in Canberra by John Guli, its 
general secretary. Of special note was 
the admission of still another church late 
in the assembly proceedings, the 5.5- 
million-member China Christian 
Council, represented by its president. 
Bishop K. H. Ting. 

As any single denomination can attest, 
the task of achieving and sustaining a 
cohesive theological base among diverse 
followers today is a challenge indeed. To 
accomplish this with 300 churches 
reveals the formidable undertaking the 
World Council of Churches faces. No 
wonder, as first-time delegate Judith 
Georges, of the Church of the Brethren 
observed, the World Council appears 
"surprisingly fragile." 

But paired with the fragility is the 
possibility of stirring new sensitivities 
and new commitment throughout 
Protestant and Orthodox communions. 

And stirring as well something very 
ancient in Christian belief — the presence 
and leading of the Holy Spirit. If what 
was sparked in the worship and the 
plenaries in Canberra takes hold 
throughout the churches, therein the 
Seventh Assembly will have made HZF' 
its most far-reaching contribution. I 1 

Howard Royer is director of imerprerarion on 
the General Board staff. 

May 1991 Messenger 27 

Planting ^^ 
new churches 




'A denomination that came out of the 1960s 

with a secular mindset and much discomfort 

with spiritual talk and evangelism 

is now doing a turnaround.' 

by Merle Grouse 

What happened to us? 

If someone would sit down with NCD/ 
COB (New Church Development/ 
Church of the Brethren) and ask: "What 
happened to us in the 1980s?" one 
response would be: "We rediscovered 
church extension, our calling to give 
birth to new churches." 

A denomination that came out of the 
1 960s with a secular mindset and much 
discomfort with spiritual talk and 
evangelism is now doing a turnaround, if 
new church development is any indi- 
cation. During the last half of the 1970s, 
five new Church of the Brethren 
congregations were started. In the first 
half of the 1980s, there were 25 new- 
church projects. In the last half of the 
1980s, there were 33 more. A total of 63 
new-church projects were started in the 
15 years that ended with the 1980s. The 
denominational objective for the 1990s 
is 1 10 new church starts. We are into a 
movement that is now a priority. 
Twenty-three of the 24 districts have 
something going in new church develop- 
ment. Atlantic Southeast started 15 
projects in Florida, Georgia, and Puerto 

28 Messenger May 199 1 

Rico. Pacific Southwest started 10 in 
California and Arizona. Atlantic North- 
east was involved with seven in Pennsyl- 
vania and Maine. Two other districts had 
four projects each. A regular feature of 
Annual Conference for the past five 
years has been the welcoming of new 
fellowships and congregations. 

What effect is this having on the 
Church of the Brethren? 

The new church movement is acceler- 
ating the ethnic and cultural diversity in 
the denomination. It is the vehicle for 
expanding the church into new geo- 
graphical areas. It is introducing new 
leaders to the Church of the Brethren. It 
is providing an edge of growth in the 
church during a time of membership 
decline. The new Brethren are saying 
that the Church of the Brethren has a 
wonderful message and a mission that 
are much needed in this world. 

We are learning some things: Brethren 
response to human need should address 
spiritual disaster, broken relationships 
with God and neighbor, the need for 
community, and hunger for worship that 
touches the depth of our emotions and 
lifts up the fullness of God's love and 

power. We are rediscovering that we 
have a deep ecumenical spirit, but that 
we are not mainline American Christian- 
ity, that radical discipleship is in our 
genes and makes us different. That 
difference is attractive to many people in 
a general population. For them it can 
represent spiritual rebirth. 

We are thinking some creative 
thoughts about church buildings and 
property. We are feeling more at home 
in the city. The denomination's grand- 
parents may have spoken Pennsylvania 
Dutch, but the grandchildren are speak- 
ing Spanish, Korean, French, Creole, 
Navajo, and Pilipino, as well as English.i| 
There are times when we wonder if the 
old gray mare church might not become 
a frisky young filly again. 

Can you tell us more about the 63 

At the end of the 1980s, 54 (86 percent) 
of the 63 projects were functioning as 
Church of the Brethren congregations, 
one had become a community service 
project and two were congregations not 
incorporated in Church of the Brethren 
structures. Four (six percent) had closed. 
Two others were inactive, with potential 

or re-starting. Of the 54 active congre- 
;ations, four had started, lost momen- 
um, and stopped. Instead of declaring 
hem closed, the sponsors wisely treated 
hem as dormant and later started them 
vith a different approach, sometimes at 
. different location. 

Every project has involved motivated 
,nd venturesome individuals and 
amilies stepping out in faith to reach 
ithers with the gospel. Even with the 
irojects that have closed, lives were 
hanged and God's love touched people 
n important ways. Each project has its 
iwn unique story of God's people 
eeking to be faithful. 

Thirty-three percent (21 ) of the 63 
)rojects are west of the Mississippi 
liver, 54 percent (34) east of the 
fclississippi, and 13 percent (8) in Puerto 
lico. Before 1980, there were no 
kethren congregations in 14 states: 
Uaska, Georgia, Hawaii, Mississippi, 
•Jevada, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming, 
ind the six New England states. During 
he 1980s, projects were started in 
jeorgia, Maine, Vermont, and New 
iampshire. There are already two native 
*Iew Englanders licensed to the ministry 
IS a result. A two-day joint planning 
etreat in 1990 projected more growth in 

Above left: Pastor Luis Bustillo, of La Mision de JesHs. baptizes a new convert. 
Above: Philadelphia First Korean displays new Dunker diversity — chopsticks and 
forks, men in consen'ative pinstripes and sisters in prayer coverings, and skins of 
different hues — at a fellowship meal during its celebrative opening last November. 

New England in coming years. 

New church development in Maine is 
sponsored by clusters of congregations 
through the Brethren Revival Fellowship 
(BRF) and is related to Atlantic North- 
east District. The projects in Vermont 
and New Hampshire have been spon- 
sored by Southern Pennsylvania District. 
The Faithful Servant Fellowship in 
Atlanta, Ga., is related to Atlantic South- 
east District. Years ago there had been 
Brethren in Georgia who had related to 
the Brethren in Florida, but those 
Georgia Church of the Brethren congre- 
gations had died out by 1924. 

The Brethren in Idaho are helping 
sponsor an independent, union congre- 
gation just across the state line, in 
Jackpot, Nev. (See page 16.) That 
project will be recognized this summer 
at the Portland Annual Conference. 
Informal groups have met for a time in 
Alaska, Massachusetts, and Utah. The 
denomination has not had a formal plan 
for establishing work beyond the 
boundaries of existing districts. 

What about the Brethren ethnic 
minority groups? 

The group of five congregations that 
started in the late 1970s all served white, 
Anglo communities. The 58 projects 
started in the 1980s included four that 
were predominantly African-American, 
four Korean, 15 Hispanic, and one each 
Khmer Cambodian, Haitian, Navajo, 
Filipino, and Asian Indian. Fifty-six 
percent of the 63 projects were Anglo 
and 44 percent ethnic minority. During 
the 1990s, the majority of the projects 
probably will be with ethnic minority 

The Annual Conference study on the 
Brethren and Black Americans, to be 
reported in Portland in July, should 
strengthen ministries with African- 
Americans. There are Korean ministries 
in California, Pennsylvania, and 'Wash- 
ington. Hispanic new-church projects 
have been started in California, Colo- 
rado, Florida, Indiana. Pennsylvania. 

(Continued on page 40} 

May 1991 Messenger 29 | 

Planting ^ 
neiv churches 




Eight new 


tell what 

drew them 

into the 


profiles by 
Karla Boyers 

Shin II Jo 

Korean ministry is vital 

Shin II Jo thinks the Church of the 
Brethren is "as 'Brethren' as it gets. . . . 
We are all brothers and sisters in God." 

Shin II, pastor of the Philadelphia 
(Pa.) First Korean church (see page 34), 
was previously a member of the Presby- 
terian Church in Korea, but he was not 
involved with any denomination in the 
US before coming to the Church of the 

He learned about the denomination 
while in Santa Monica, Calif., where he 
was pastor of a non-affiliated church. 
The church had been practicing feet- 
washing in an "independent sort of 
way." and Shin II was interested in 
finding other churches with this tradi- 
tion. He met and became good friends 
with Dan Kim, Church of the Brethren 
consultant for Korean ministries. 

Shin II is glad to be working within 
this denomination and believes the 
future of Korean ministry is vital. He 
sees Korea as the "brain" for further 
mission to China, Vietnam, and the 
Soviet Union — "one of the main spots 
from which to spread Christianity in 
Asia." "Once the two Koreas are 
united," says Shin II (who believes they 
will be within the next 10 years), "there 
will be much need for mission." 



Pedro Brull 

Meeting people's needs 


Pedro Brull was drawn to the Church of 
the Brethren by its "philosophy of social 
work." He has a "holistic vision" himsell 
for all the churches in Puerto Rico to 
become more involved in the needs of its 

Pedro owns a travel agency in Vega 
Baja and is a self-supporting executive 
minister for Brethren in Puerto Rico. He 
met members of the Church of the 
Brethren seven years ago when his fam- 
ily started attending worship services at 
the Vega Baja church. 

He soon was invited to share in 
preaching, which was nothing new for 
him. Previously, Pedro was pastor of a 
Missionary Alliance church, and 
throughout his involvement in secular 
work he always has had his hands in free 
ministry and evangelism. 

One thing Pedro would like to see for 
the future of the church is the creation of 
a separate district for the Caribbean "so 
we can get involved in all the surround- 
ing islands." 



30 Messenger May 1991 

.ydia Cooper 

Personal testimony is it 

^t the end of a six-week Brethren beliefs 
lass offered at the Germantown 
ongregation in Philadelphia (see page 
18), Lydia Cooper "basically agreed 
;vith everything" she had heard. She 
:hose to become Brethren because of the 
trong peace and service emphasis of the 
ienomination. Other attractions for her: 
brethren "agree to disagree," and 
jecause women "don't have to sit in a 

Lydia, who works for the Department 
)f Public Welfare in Philadelphia, had 
lever heard of the Church of the 
brethren until an old friend invited her 
church at Germantown, five years 

One of Lydia' s concerns is the lack of 
emphasis on evangelism and witness 
vithin the Church of the Brethren. "No 
natter what program or activity is being 
performed in the church, there's nothing 
hat compares with your personal 
estimony," she says. "Whenever Jesus 
lealed someone, he always told the 
lerson to go and tell somebody else." 

Lydia hopes to see the denomination 
jrow, but believes it depends on every- 
body making a point to invite friends, 
neighbors, and relatives to church. 
People should be more personally 
nvolved with other persons, not just 
urograms," she says. 

Luis Bustillo 

A scandalous gospel 

Luis Bustillo believes there is a great 
opportunity for Hispanic growth within 
the denomination, a tremendous "open 
door for ministry." "There are a lot of 
Brethren churches already in places 
where there are large Hispanic popula- 
tions. Now we're just lacking the 

Luis, whose ordination was recognized 
by the denomination last December, is 
pastor of La Mision de Jesiis in McFar- 
land, Calif., the Hispanic "daughter" 
congregation of the McFarland congre- 
gation (see page 36). He came to know 
about the Church of the Brethren 
through long-time friend and Brethren 
pastor. Jose Jimenez, whose congrega- 
tion Luis and his wife began attending in 
Los Angeles. 

Luis has always believed in and 
worked to live a simple life, and he 
enjoys the freedom of Brethren to 
"embrace other denominations in 
Christ." He promotes evangelism as 
essential for the church's future: "I 
believe in a scandalous gospel. It's not 
meant to be quiet. You must do what- 
ever you can to get the door open." 

Tiffany Rouillard 
It's the friendliness 

What drew Tiffany Rouillard to the 
church of the Brethren was "everyone's 
friendliness." She likes the way Brethren 
"put an emphasis on youth," and says it 
was easy to become involved with the 
church because she "knew what they 
were doing was right." 

Tiffany started attending the Lewiston 
(Maine) Fellowship (see page 36) six 
years ago. A friend, whose family is 
"charter members" of the congregation, 
was "always asking me to come to 
church," says Tiffany. Although they 
have been good friends since grade 
school, it wasn't until Tiffany was a 
sophomore in high school that she 
finally came to youth group, and then to 
Sunday morning worship. 

One in the large number of French- 
Canadians in her area. Tiffany grew up 
in Auburn, the twin city of Lewiston. 
She graduated from high school in 1 989, 
and is now assistant manager of a paper 
and party supplies outlet store. Her 
fiance, currently in Brethren Volunteer 
Service with Habitat for Humanity in 
Americus, Ga., is also a member of the 
Lewiston Fellowship. 

May 1991 Messenger 31 

Planting ^ 
new churches 

Carol Scheppard 

The sense of community 

While growing up in the "industrial belt" 
of Connecticut, Carol Scheppard "saw a 
tendency to make faith peripheral," and 
was drawn to the Church of the Brethren 
by its sense of community. Within the 
denomination, she believes there is a 
"unique (though healthy) tension" 
between Brethren Pietistic roots — which 
center on questions pertaining to 
individual faith — and its Anabaptist 
heritage — which focuses on accountabil- 
ity to one another. 

Five years ago, after she read an 
invitation on the wall of the town's post 
office, Carol Scheppard came to a 
Sunday morning worship at the Genesis 
Fellowship in Putney, Vt. She describes 
Genesis as "a place where people are 
really committed as a community and to 
a Christ-centered life that asks a lot of 
questions . . . without offering pat 

For 10 years Carol taught learning dis- 
abled students in high school and college 
residential settings and is currently 
halfway into a three-year program at 
Princeton Theological Seminary. She 
spent last summer as an associate pastor 
at the Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren at Weyers Cave, Va., a "place 
where people were asking 'how can we 
love each other in community?' " 

32 Messenger May 1991 

Guillermo Encarnacion 
Minority involvement needed 

Coming from a Mennonite background, 
Guillermo Encarnacion has found no big 
surprises in Church of the Brethren 
teachings. He appreciates the denomina- 
tion's emphasis on simple living, as well 
as its "democratic way of business." 
Guillermo does believe the church 
should be more involved with minorities, 
however, and thinks it may have 
difficulty reaching them because there 
are so few minority leaders in decision- 
making bodies. 

And, for many Hispanics, it seems 
some Brethren are "living in the past," 
says Guillermo, and such an emphasis on 
Brethren heritage may present a "prob- 
lem" for them. 

While not "new" to the Church of the 
Brethren, Guillermo is involved in a new 
part of the church's ministry. He is 
pastor of the Alfa y Omega Fellowship 
in Lancaster, Pa., a Hispanic ministry 
that began as prison outreach for the 
large population of inmates and their 
families in the area. 

Previous to Alfa y Omega, Guillermo 
was pastor of the Falfurrias (Texas) 
congregation for five years — and before 
that, spent 10 years at the Castaiier 
church in Puerto Rico, where he first 
met members of the denomination. 

Karen and John Poison 

The 'hands-on' approach i 

Karen and John Poison first learned 
about the Church of the Brethren five 
years ago through Don Booz — then 
Atlantic Southeast district executive, 
who was also doing marriage counsel- 
ing. Karen and John became two of the 
six "charter members" of the New 
Covenant Fellowship in Orlando, Fla. 

Karen, who considers her previous 
faith tradition (Roman Catholic) to havi 
been more of a "spectator" religion, wa 
impressed with the "hands on" mission 
of Brethren-related outreach programs 
such as Heifer Project International. Sh 
also was drawn to the denomination 
because of its decision-making structun 
which "flows out" instead of "down 
from the Pope." She would like to see 
more emphasis placed on evangelism 

For John, the idea of pacifism is 
"strong in our minds." Then, too, that 
Brethren agree to disagree is "both , 
attractive and a point of tension for the , 
church" and a freedom "quite unusual i 
many denominations, because of set-in 
doctrines." While John is confident tha 
the church is in a new growth mode, he 
feels the need to become more "front- 
line" in the direction of urban ministrie , 
"We have a lot to offer," says John, "bi 
we just haven't exposed ourselves 
fully yet." 


Some plantings that rooted 

We asked eight new Church of the Brethren groups to tell us what was 

the key to their successful planting and nurturing. The answers they 

gave us show that there are a variety of strategies that work. 

by Karla Boyers and Don Fitzkee 

^orth County 

Offering a service motif 

"en years ago, San Marcos, Calif., was 
lasically rural chicken farms 40 miles 
lorth of San Diego. Now, through a 
oiling urban sprawl, the population has 
nultiplied fivefold — from 6,000 to over 
iO,000 people — and is home to the 
viorth County Church of the Brethren. 

Just over a decade ago. Pacific 
louthwest District had worked for a year 
establish a church in a nearby area, 
without success. New church develop- 
nent staff then helped the district 
restudy" its geography and try again. In 
lart, San Marcos was chosen to make a 
leace witness. Camp Pendleton, a large 
Marine base, is in the area. 

In December 1982, Glenn Frazier, 
vho was pastoring the Antelope Park 
rommunity church in Lincoln, Neb., 
vas asked to come and initiate a new 
ongregation. There were no Brethren in 
he area when Glenn, his wife, and their 
wo daughters made the move. At the 
)eginning, the Fraziers traveled 40 miles 
worship on Sunday mornings; but in 
September 1983, the new church was 

From a core group of six people, a 
lecision was made to set up a SERRV 
lift shop in the community. The organiz- 
:rs put up their own money to buy initial 
nventory. Seven years ago. Loving 
iands Gifts International was opened in 

a complex adjacent to a grocery store. 
"We wanted to make a place where 
people would come and visit," says 
Glenn, whose church office is in the 
back of the store. "It's an excellent place 
for shoppers and volunteers to learn 

about the Church of the Brethren." 

The store, run entirely on volunteer 
labor, "employs" about 50 people from 
both the church and community, and 
"functions as a regular congregation." 
explains Glenn. "We can do witnessing 

By opening a SERRV gift shop. North County church actually "created two 
congregations," says pastor Glenn Frazier. The shop, staffed by volunteers such as 
Ma.xine Peed, has provided the church with $40,000 toward its building fund. 

May 1991 Messenger 33 

new churches 

because of the store that would never 
happen otherwise." 

According to Glenn, North County's 
thrust is service with a connection to 
commitment. "It's as important to be out 
there as to be in the pews." Finding 
volunteers for the store, many of whom 
are retired and of various ethnic groups, 
has been easy for Glenn, who sometimes 
finds it harder to schedule in everyone 
who wants to work. 

North County church itself — with a 
membership of 32 and average atten- 
dance of 50 — rents space in a Bingo hall 
that is available three hours each Sunday 
morning. Hopes for moving to a meet- 
inghouse of its own are targeted for 
Christmas 1991, although Glenn notes 
that steep developer fees and Califor- 
nia's water situation may delay construc- 

"We're at a point where we're really 
feeling the need for our own structure 
for ministries. A lot of witness to 
Christian education programs, especially 
for children, has suffered." Another hope 
for the future of North County church is 
to become a facility day care center for 
head injured children and adults, a real 
need in the community. 

By opening the SERRV shop. North 
County has actually "created two 
congregations" — a church worship 
congregation, and, through its involve- 
ment with third-world industries, a 
"congregation" of caring community 

Last year. Loving Hands Gifts 
International grossed $142,000, which 
translates into yearly income for about 
500 to 1,000 families of developing 
countries involved in SERRV. Today, 
the store not only is self-supporting, but 
has provided North County church 
$40,000 to put toward its new structure 
— a building for which plans include a 
warehouse for SERRV store items. 

Glenn notes the philosophy behind a 
church that has come full circle: Learn 
what it means to commit your life to 
Christ; learn what it means in terms of 
doing; then, do the work. In an area 
where "many surrounding churches 
show people how to be blessed" with 

34 Messenger May 1991 

nice homes, expensive cars, and com- 
fortable pension plans, Glenn says North 
County offers a "service motif where 
the opportunities are varied. — Karla 


Philadelphia First Korean 
Videos on God's Word 

Shin II Jo was pastoring a non-affiliated 
church in Santa Monica, Calif., when he 
was approached by Atlantic Northeast 
District to come and serve. The district, 
wanting to launch a Korean ministry, 
had studied its geography and found the 
heaviest Korean population (approxi- 
mately 40-50,000) to be in and around 

The ideal structure — the Philadelphia 
First Church — had already been chal- 
lenged to provide free office space and 
rent for the new venture. Shin II arrived 
the first week of September 1 990, and 
services began a month later. An 
opening celebration, held November 1 1, 
drew 150 people who came to support 
the new church start. 

Presently, seven families are commit- 
ted to the congregation, which meets on 
Sundays at 1 p.m., after Philadelphia 
First's morning service. A potluck meal 
at the church follows every worship, 
when the families enjoy further fellow- 
ship. Members of Philadelphia First 
Korean have taken as their motto 
"Worship, Education, Fellowship, and 

Part of Shin Il's community outreach 
includes a video ministry. He distributes 
a series of tapes on different theological 
issues to believers and non-believers for 
them to "see and listen to God's word." 
"Many Korean Christians do not know 
much about Christianity and church 
history," Shil II explains. The tapes, 
made in Korea, feature well-known 
Korean theologians. 

Shin II is among a group of six 
Brethren who will travel to South Korea 
this summer to discern prospects for 
planting Church of the Brethren congre- 
gations in the country. He feels strongly 

First Korean s pastor , Shin II Jo, 
preaches from the pulpit hut also 
spreads the word through video tapes. 

that Korea needs to be served by 

According to Bob Kettering, associate! 
district executive for Atlantic Northeast, 
the church has plans for chartering later 
this year. And, he says those going to tb 
district's annual Brethren Disaster Relie 
Auction can expect to see an authentic 
Korean food stand among the more 
traditional offerings of apple pie and ' 
funnel cakes. — Karla Boyers 

Christ the Servant 

Its name is its mission 

A generation ago, there was talk among 
some concerned Brethren that the 
denomination was dying, that while the 
church was involved in the social action 
of the '60s, no new churches were 
opening to minister to the needs of 
people and their communities. 

In 1976, Christ the Servant congrega 
tion in Cape Coral, Fla., was "the first 
one out the chute" with a brand-new 
vision for church development, says 
pastor Don Shank, who left his 14-year 
ministry with the Highland Avenue 
congregation in Elgin, 111., to begin wor 
in the Sunshine State. 

Impetus for the church start began 
with Atlantic Southeast District, which 
conducted a feasibility study exploring 
the demographics of several communi- 
ties. Cape Coral was found to be "stra- 
tegically" located. 

The district wanted the church to 
"grow upon the existing community ami 
not just meet the needs of visiting 

Brethren," said Don. "We didn't want a 
'winter resort' congregation." Since Don 
first arrived 1 5 years ago. Cape Coral, 
the "stepchild" of Fort Myers, has 
proven its potential for growth, increas- 
ing in population from 13,000 to about 
75,000 people. 

Merle Crouse, staff for new church 
development, says that while Don was in 
Elgin he used the tactic of forming 
relationships with non-Brethren while 
working as a "chaplain of sorts" at a 
bank in the community. He also had the 
experience of organizing the Drexel Hill 
^Pa.) congregation during the '50s, and 
50 was well versed in the type of "bi- 
vocational" outreach needed to start a 
new congregation. 

i Pastoring seven-eighths time, Don also 
jJoes counseling, and says that probably 
20 families now in the congregation are 
there as a result of such contact. Christ 
the Servant, which met in Don's home 
its first year, currently has about 128 in 
average attendance, and is in the process 
of relocating the church from land 
Durchased by the denomination's 
3eneral Board to another site nearby. 
The change will make possible needed 
expansion of facilities. 

"We have established ourselves as a 
:roup of caring people," says Don. In 

cooperation with 1 1 other churches, 
Christ the Servant has helped form Cape 
Coral Caring Center — the "first social 
service agency on the Cape," providing 
food, rental assistance, and counseling 

"We're known in the area almost 
exclusively as Christ the Servant," said 
Don. "We've wanted our name to be our 
mission — servants to the community." 

Knowing first hand the difference a 
new church can bring to a growing city, 
Christ the Servant is committed to 
tithing $40,000 to $50,000 back to the 
denomination's development program, 
securing an opportunity of growth for 
the next generation. — Karla Boyers 

Medina Fellowship 

Doing community surveys 

If Plato were alive today, he might 
amend his famous line "Know thyself 
with "and it helps if you know your 
community, too." That's what Medina 
(Ohio) Fellowship has set out to do, and 
it seems to be doing quite well. 

Mel Menker arrived at Medina Fel- 
lowship, a church "restart," in August 
1989 to begin the work of building a 

i^ape Coral's Christ the Servant congregation is "ntovin on," having outgrown its 
vicinal location and sought out a new site that provides room for expansion. Pastor 
Oon Shank {shown here) has been with the church since its 1976 planting. 

base of individuals committed to growth 
and meeting the needs of each other and 
the larger community. Mel had been 
pastor of the Donnels Creek congrega- 
tion in Southern Ohio District for 1 1 
years, when he was commissioned by 
Northern Ohio District to begin the new 

By November 1989, two evening 
Bible studies and several children's 
programs were in action. The group of 
25 then agreed that it was time to begin 
public services. A service took place 
Christmas Eve, and December 31 
marked the first regular Sunday morning 

One appealing aspect of the congrega- 
tion (now numbering about 60 in 
average attendance) is its approach to a 
"caregiver ministry," says Mel — 
focusing on mental, emotional, and 
spiritual support to those outside the 
church. How does the Medina Fellow- 
ship keep in tune with those needs? It 
conducts a survey of every family that 
comes through its doors, asking thoughts 
and opinions on church, church life, 
pastors, needs of the community, and 
why people don't go to church. 

Demographically, what has been 
found about Medina itself — a suburban 
sprawl south of Cleveland — is that it's a 
highly transient white-collar society 
(large corporations in the area keep 
people coming and going) with a median 
age of 28. The city of 20,000 experi- 
ences a population turnover every three 
years. And the number-one need to 
address is loneliness, says Mel. 

"Because of the predominance of the 
younger culture, there is often no focus 
on the needs of senior citizens." Like- 
wise, with a 65-percent divorce rate, 
there is a large number of women with 
small children, for which the congrega- 
tion is in the early stages of developing a 
support base. The church just recently 
became chartered to M.O.P.S (Mothers 
of Pre-Schoolers), a national organiza- 
tion providing support and parenting 

"Medina is typical of a true baby- 
boomer community," says Mel, in that 
it's "very interested, not in the denomi- 

May 1991 Messenger 35 

new churches 

nation name, but in what the church is 
doing in terms of service to the commu- 
nity . . . what kind of ministries you're 
doing to care for other people." 

As Gordon Bucher, Northern Ohio 
district executive, says of Medina, it's 
"an enthusiastic, forward-looking 
group." In working to understand and 
minister to the community beyond itself, 
Medina Fellowship is helping to turn a 
fast-food town into something with a 
warmer ambiance. — Karla Boyers 

La Misiort de Jesus 

Spanish speaking is essential 

McFarland (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren is a largely white congregation 
in a farming community nearly 80 
percent Hispanic. For several years, the 
congregation wanted to begin a Spanish- 
speaking ministry, but wasn't quite sure 
how to start. 

So it contacted Luis Bustillo, who at 
the time was assisting Jose Jimenez, 
pastor of a Hispanic Brethren congrega- 
tion in Los Angeles. A member of the 
Southern Baptist church since 1976, Luis 
had been ordained in 1982 and was co- 
pastor for five years of a church in east 
Los Angeles before going on an evangel- 
istic circuit with groups in the US, 
Mexico, and overseas. In 1987, after 
getting married and feeling the need to 
settle down, Luis began work as a 
supervisor for IBM corporation, but soon 
had the desire to return to pastoring. 

McFarland sent Luis to Philadelphia, 
Pa., for a conference on Spanish- 
speaking ministry. When he came back 
to report, "things just clicked," he says. 

In February 1989, just three days after 
arriving at McFarland, Luis began a 
Bible study. By the end of the year, the 
group was meeting in a separate wing of 
the church. But it was soon evident to 
both "mother" and "daughter" that at the 
rate it was growing, the new ministry 
really needed a place of its own. 

Across town from the McFarland 
congregation, there was an abandoned 
Pentecostal church. While they weren't 

36 Messenger May 1 99 1 

La Mision de Jesus pastor Luis Bustillo sees himself as a catalyst for developing othe, 
Spanish-speaking ministers. Bustillo is shown consecrating five men who will be 
mentored by him in a three-year reading program Pacific Southwest District created. 

even sure at the time whether the owner 
was going to sell the building, "We took 
a step of faith and came at nights to fix it 
up," says Luis. 

Although in separate structures now, 
McFarland and La Mision de Jesus 
continue the familial relationship, often 
celebrating love feasts, baptisms, and 
other special services together. As Luis 
points out, however, "Everyone has his 
own culture. If you want to reach 
Hispanics, you have to have a Spanish- 
speaking ministry." 

The burgeoning congregation is now 
home to 84 adults and 35 children. 
About a year ago, Luis noticed there 
were members in the church desiring 
training for ministry. Under the direction 
of Pacific Southwest District, a Hispanic 
curriculum committee was formed that 
modeled and approved a three-year 
reading program for the seven men who 
expressed interest in receiving licensing 
and ordination within the denomination. 
"My vision is to be a catalyst for 
developing other ministers," says Luis, 
who is helping to mentor the men. 

One of the main thrusts of La Mision 
de Jesus is evangelism. After Friday 
night services, some go to a local bar to 
pass out tracts and talk to the patrons. 
One night two boxes of Bibles were 
handed out. Groundwork is also under- 
way to start an extension of the Hispanic 
ministry in Earlimart, 15 miles away. 

"I hope our ministry is a light to other 
congregations that want to step out in 

faith," says Luis. "McFarland had the | 
faith and vision to begin a new ministry' 
They had to increase their budget by 
$30,000 to do it. But God has blessed U! 
because of the faith of all of us, not just 
because of one special person." 
— Karla Boyers 

Lewiston Fellowship 

Bible teaching is its thing 

Lewiston, Maine, is a city of approxi- 
mately 40,000 people. Across the river 
sits its twin. Auburn, with nearly 35,00( 
inhabitants. Together, they form the 
second largest urban population in the 
state, including a large number of 
French-Canadians with roots in the 
Catholic faith. 

Back in the late 1970s, the Brethren 
Revival Fellowship (BRF) was looking ' 
for a place to begin a volunteer service 
project. It knew of some Mennonite 
volunteers who had been working in ■ 
Maine, and began gathering names of ; 
housing authorities in the New Englanc. 
area where it might establish itself. Of ^ 
all the possibilities, Lewiston seemed tl. 
most receptive, though there was some 
"concern that those coming would not i, 
proselytizing," says James F. Myer, a ; 
BRF leader. j 

At the start of the BRF Brethren j 
Volunteer Service project (established ; 
1979) houseparents and volunteers live 

1 and worked for the Lewiston housing 
uthority in a 90-unit complex, perform- 
ig office work and a number of mainte- 
ance tasks. While current BVSers still 
ve in the complex, the project has 
hanged to the Good Shepherd Food 

Merv Keller, pastor of the Lewiston 
ellowship, says that from the beginning 
f the BRF project, it was "in the back 
f our minds to start a fellowship up 
lere." Sure enough, two years after the 
irst volunteers arrived, a worshiping 
ommunity was established. 

According to Jim Myer, the BRF had 
;sued a challenge for six families to 
;locate to begin a new church in 
.ewiston. Eighteen members from the 
^hite Oak, Blue Ball, and Upton 
ongregations heeded the challenge, 
icluding Merv Keller and his family. 

The congregation, now with 54 
lembers and an average attendance of 
0, is known in the area as a church with 
strong family ties," says Merv. "Our 
imily relationships have spoken loudly" 
D the community. 

Merv said members have been able to 
lake good contact with people over the 
ears. Currently, Lewiston is facing an 
conomically depressed time, many 
eople losing their jobs as industries 
love south. But the BRF is there to stay 
nd minister to people's needs. "People 
/ho come are looking for that tradition 

.ewiston Fellowship 
astor Merv Keller greets 
ladassah Myer in his 
hurch narthex. The 
.ewiston planting began 
s a Brethren Volunteer 
ervice project staffed by 
lembers of the Brethren 
levival Fellowship, 
'eople are drawn to the 
-ewiston church by its 
trong emphasis on Bible 
eaching and strong 
amily ties. Lewiston now 
'as an average 
ntendance of about 60. 

of strong Bible teaching," says Merv. 
"That's one reason we're here. It's sort 
of our trademark." — Karla Boyers 

ACTS Covenant 

Cell groups are its heart 

What's in a name? In the case of a new 
congregation in Lancaster, Pa., lots. 
Understanding the name of ACTS 
Covenant Fellowship is a big help to 
understanding its growth. 

The acronym "ACTS" points to what 
the congregation sees as its four-fold 
mission — Abiding, Caring, Training, and 

Begun in June 1986 as a seven-person 
Bible study, meeting in the home of 
John and Anne Gibbel, ACTS Covenant 
in less than five years has mushroomed 
to a membership of 1 25 and average 
attendance of just under 200 — mostly 
younger "baby boomers" from a variety 
of cultural and socio-economic back- 
grounds. About half of the adult mem- 
bers are single. "ACTS is doing the best 
job with baby boomers as any congrega- 
tion I know of," says Merle Crouse, 
General Board staff for new church 

"We really emphasize that everything 
we do as a congregation should come 
out of what God is calling us to do," says 

pastor Henry Buckwalter. That convic- 
tion shapes the congregation's Sunday 
"worship celebration," which includes a 
period of singing and silence to "allow 
the spirit of God to break in" with a 
prophetic word or word of encourage- 

Atlantic Northeast District associate 
executive Bob Kettering points out, 
"While they are charismatic in their 
worship style, they are clearly Anabap- 
tist in their theology." 

Although Sunday morning worship is 
central to the life of the congregation, 
much of the caring takes place during 
the week in the dozen cell groups. "We 
really see our cell groups as the heart of 
the congregation," says Henry. "It's a 
way of delegating pastoral care." In 
addition to caring for those already in 
the church, cell groups are geared 
toward evangelism and community 

That's where the training or equipping 
comes in. "Our whole emphasis is to 
equip the members to do the work of 
ministry, rather than having the pastoral 
leadership do it all," Henry explains. A 
special, six-week Summer Break 
Through Discipleship training program 
for youth is a new endeavor scheduled 
for this summer. 

Training is not only for ministry at a 
local level, but for sending people out to 
engage in worldwide mission. At present 
the congregation's focus is mostly local, 
but ACTS Covenant views itself ulti- 
mately as a mission church. It supports 
the programs of the Church of the 
Brethren and the Mennonite Church. 

The covenant part of ACTS Covenant 
points to the commitment the congrega- 
tion feels to each other and to God. 
Every member signs a congregational 
covenant annually as a way of renewing 
a commitment to Christ and the church. 

While ACTS Covenant Fellowship has 
built a vital church, it hasn't built a 
building for worship; nor does it intend 
to. "We feel our investment should go 
more in terms of ministry to the world 
rather than creating a big center for 
worship," Henry explains. The congre- 
gation does own a "Ministry and 

May 1991 Messenger 37 

Planting ^^ 
new churches 

Training Center" in Lancaster, which is 
used for office space, meetings, and 
small fellowship gatherings, but Sunday 
worship takes place in the Lancaster 
Recreation Center. 

Both Merle Crouse and Bob Kettering 
agree that ACTS Covenant Fellowship 
(along with Communion Fellowship of 
Goshen, Ind., after which ACTS is 
patterned) is providing the Church of the 
Brethren with an exciting, new model 
for ministry. — DON FiTZKEE 

Stevens Hill 
Knocking on doors 

The Stevens Hill Church of the Brethren 
closed its doors early in 1989. But what 
looked like the end of a congregation 
turned out to be the beginning of the 
new Stevens Hill Community church. 

With the little meetinghouse closed up 
tight, Atlantic Northeast District brought 
in Bill Longenecker to serve as "shep- 
herd." His task was to guide into new 
pastures the remaining members of the 
Stevens Hill flock — which had been 
plagued by years of internal conflict — 
while seeing whether a new flock could 
be gathered from the rural area west of 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Bill began leading Bible studies in 
homes in February 1989. By October of 
that year Sunday services resumed, with 
average attendance in the 20s. During 
late 1989 and early 1990 the rundown 
meetinghouse was spruced up with new 
paint, lights, and carpet. By February 
1991 average attendance had climbed to 
about 60, and close to 100 people had 
attended at least three times. "It's al- 
most a totally new group," says Bill. 

Associate district executive Bob 
Kettering attributes much of the growth 
to Bill's creative leadership: "Bill has 
worked very hard at developing a new 

38 Messenger May 1991 

style of ministry," says Bob. 'Visiting is a 
large part of that style. 

"What are you gonna do?" Bill asks. 
"We started with nothing. The only 
thing I knew to do was start down the 
road and knock on doors." Early on, the 
congregation drew up a map of all the 
homes within a two-mile radius of the 
simple meetinghouse. Bill and a core 
group of members have visited 400 
homes at least once and figure they have 
another 200 to do. 

Families have been contacted by visit, 
phone, and letter up to six times before 
they attend church, according to deacon 
Tim Shenk, who helps with the visiting. 
"People really don't mind (being 
contacted so frequently)," he adds. 

Once the people do attend, the church 
is adept at welcoming and involving new 
people. "Anybody who steps in the door. 
Bill gets them plugged in," says Tim. 

Another part of the church's success 
has been occasional special services, 
designed to attract new people. Two 
Christmas Eve services last year, pre- 
ceded by a community mailing, drew 
close to 200 people. 

While the flock at Stevens Hill 
Community has grown steadily, growth 
hasn't come by "stealing sheep" from 
other churches. "There are a lot of 
people out there who don't go to 
church," Bill emphasizes. Many of the 
new faces at Stevens Hill attended other 
churches at one time but eventually 
wandered away. 

Enough of them have now been 
brought back into the fold that farmer 
Bill is trying to sell some of his own 
sheep — the woolly kind — so he can have 
more time to feed the lambs at Stevens 
Hill Community church. — Don 


Don Fitzkee is a member of the Chiqiies Church 
of the Brethren, in Manheim. Pa. A freelance writer, 
he sen'ed as an editorial assistant with Messenger 



by Don Fitzkee 

Richard Kyerematen is an "African 
missionary" who doesn't fit the Breth 
missionary mold. For one thing, he is 
white. For another, he ministers in th( 
United States. 

In fact, the path Pastor Richard has 
followed from Ghana to Germantowr 
Pa., has been anything but typical. "C 
thing led to another," he explains, "ai 
ended up at the Germantown Church 
the Brethren. It was a divine working 
that has tended to be good for me and 
the congregation." 

Bom in Kumasi, Ghana, Richard gi 
up in an Anglican home with his five 
brothers and sisters. During his senioi 
year at the University of Ghana, he 
experienced spiritual renewal through 
campus evangelistic meeting. "That v 
followed," he says, "by a questioning 
my life objectives" and an "urgency t 
be more involved in ministry." 

While completing a post-graduate 
degree in journalism and mass comm 
ications from 1983 to 1985, Richard 
worked with an indigenous, evangelis 
para-church organization called Chris 
tian Outreach Ministries. He created < 
edited a quarterly Christian magazine 
and also freelanced articles for some i 
Ghana's leading newspapers. 

Recognizing his need for theologici 
education, Richard departed in 19851 
Sweden's Upsala University, where H' 
did graduate research. After one year^ 
decided that the kind of broad-based 
education he was looking for could be* 
be found elsewhere. He eventually ch 
Lancaster (Pa.) Theological Seminary 

When he graduated in 1989 with an 
impressive academic record and withr 
any denominational affiliation, he anc 
Brethren leaders in search of a pastor 
the historic but down at the heels 
"Mother church" at Germantown four 
each other through mutual friends. To 

jhana to Germantown 

frican missionary in America 

ate, neither party has regretted it. 
"Richard is an outstanding urban 
;ader,'" says Merle Crouse, General 
loard staff for new church development. 

'ho, along with Atlantic Northeast 
)istrict's associate district executive, 
lob Kettering, interviewed Richard for 
le Germantown position. "He's got 
pme really great 'people' gifts, a good 
bncept of worship, and he appreciates 
lie Brethren." 

Richard arrived in Germantown in 
me 1989 and found a congregation 
hose morale and numbers had plunged 
I the face of a leadership crisis. "My 
lain goal initially," he says, "was to be 
1 instrument of healing in the church." 
uring a quiet 1989 he worked at mend- 

ing relationships and making connec- 
tions in the urban community. 

"Richard, in his kind of unassuming 
but savvy way," says Merle, "was 
able to pick up on 
where people were 
at Germantown and 
soon he had that 
place humming along 
pretty well." 

Things began to 
hum early in 1990. 
Fueled by the 
church's feeding 
program for home- 
less people and 
relationships culti- 
vated with some area 
drug rehabilitation 
programs, average 
church attendance at 
Germantown swelled 
from about 20 to 
more than 80, with 
well over 100 attend- 
ing on special Sundays. 
The congregation has 
outgrown its small 
meetinghouse chapel 
and now gathers in 
the larger fellowship 

While the numerical 
growth has been 
encouraging, Richard emphasizes "I'm 
not into counting. Our focus is what 
happens every Sunday. We quantify 
our good in terms of lives that have 
been changed." 

Sunday worship at Germantown is 
lively, with ample time for singing 
choruses and sharing testimonies and 
musical talents, but it doesn't appeal 
only to the emotions. "His worship is 
very interesting," says Merle, "in that it 
is really intellectual, but you don't 
notice it." At the same time, "he's got a 
knack for not threatening anybody, but 

being very direct with an evangelistic 

The Brethren at Germantown also 
appreciate Richard for his availability. 
Jemma Kistow, who leads the Kids 
Club, was instantly won over by 
Richard's warm smile and friendliness. 
"He's the kind of pastor you can reach," 
she says. "He's always there. He's more 
like part of the congregation." 

"He commands a lot of respect 
because he lives what he preaches," adds 
Lydia Cooper, who chairs the church's 
witness commission. (See page 31.) 

Despite such words of praise. Richard 
is reluctant to take credit for the 
church's turnaround. "We've come this 
far by God's grace," he says. "God is 
certainly the one who has provided these 
opportunities." Richard is also grateful 
to the denomination and to the congrega- 
tions of Atlantic Northeast District that 
have supported the work at German- 

At the same time, he believes the 
Brethren need to do more. He enjoys 
serving in a congregation that is multi- 
racial — with blacks, Hispanics, and 
whites. But, he asks, "Why are there so 
few blacks in the Church of the Breth- 
ren, and what is being done to attract 
new black people?" 

Richard believes that the Church of 
the Brethren, with its balanced emphasis 
on piety and service, is uniquely 
qualified for urban ministry. "The 
Church of the Brethren has potential to 
blossom in the city," he says. 

For now, Richard is doing his part to 
nurture the budding Brethren efforts at 
Germantown. He is content to remain 
there "as long as God wants me there 
and I can be useful to the 


Don Fitzkee Is a member of the Chiques Church 
of the Brethren, in Manheim. Pa. A freelance writer, 
he sen-ed as an editorial assistant with MESSENGER 

May 1991 Messenger 39 

Planting ^^ 
new churches 

(Continued from page 29) 
and Washington, as well as in Puerto 
Rico. Before the 1980s, there was one 
congregation in Puerto Rico. Now there 
are nine. 

Leadership training programs have 
been started in Korean and Spanish. 
Pastor Ludovic St. Fleur, of Miami's 

Eglise Des Freres Haitiens, is a graduate 
of the Education For Shared Ministry 
(EFSM) program. Some Brethren 
literature is available in Korean and 
Spanish. Support structures at the 
national level have been developed with 
Hispanics and Koreans. There are 
Hispanic support structures in two 

districts and for Haitians, in one. Puerto 
Rico now has its own board, annual 
delegate conference, and associate 
district executive — Pedro Brull. 

What is the leadership picture? 

Leadership is the key element for 



Keeping the phone busy in Portland 


"After just eight weeks of effort using a method called 'The 
Phone's For You!' a handful of volunteers welcomed 261 
people to the first service of a brand-new Friends (Quaker) 
church in Upland, Calif. Using this same method, five more 
new Friends churches soon opened with between 150 and 500 
at their first services. 

"First-century church 
growth is happening in the 
20th century! God's Holy 
Spirit is reaching out through 
people using a common 20th- 
century tool — the telephone — 
and the 'law of large num- 

"For every 1 ,000 phone 
calls made, approximately 100 
people respond positively, and 
10 attend the opening church 
service. If 20,000 homes are 
dialed, attendance at the first 
worship service is usually 200 
or more. Many are spiritually 
ready to respond to Jesus 
Christ and to grow through a 
new church. 

" 'The Phone's For You!' 
has been used by over 90 
denominations throughout 
North America to plant more 
than 3,000 new churches and 
increase attendance in over 3,100 existing congregations." 

That's a quotation from Norman Whan's program bro- 
chure. On Monday, July 1, Norman Whan will present training 
for "The Phone's For You!" program as resource person for 
the New Church Development all-day workshop, a pre-Annual 
Conference event in Portland, Ore. The workshop is open to 
anyone interested in outreach growth for new-church projects 
or long-established congregations. 

For years Norman Whan was a successful insurance 
executive. To sell much insurance, he learned that he had to be 
in touch with many people. Only a certain percentage of 
people at any given time want insurance. That means he 

40 Messenger May 1991 

Norman Whan 

needed to reach hundreds and thousands of people with a clea| 
simple message so that dozens of people would learn of his 
product and buy it. 

In the middle 1980s, Norman experienced a religious 
awakening and dedicated himself to serve God in a new way. 
He discovered that the church, with the most valuable produci 
in the world, the Good News of God's love, was not very 
effective at getting that message to the people. He asked: "If 
the law of large numbers works for insurance, why won't it 
work for the message of the church?" 

Norman learned that telemarketing was the most effective 
method for reaching people in their homes, so he developed ; 
telemarketing plan for church outreach, called "The Phone's 
For You!" In six years, more than 5,000 churches have used i 
his program, a simple plan created especially for new-church 
projects, but also useful for long-established congregations. 

The plan calls for new-church planters to choose the exact I 
community in which the ministry is to be focused. A calendai-i' 
of preparation leads to the opening public worship Sunday. 
Callers are recruited, trained, and guided through two to four ,| 
weeks of calling residents of the ministry area, inviting them | 
to the opening service. Calls are supplemented with mailings ';' 
to those who respond positively. 

Part of the plan in Portland is for Norman Whan to 
supervise a calling center in the exhibit area during Confer- 
ence week. Volunteers will work at phoning on behalf of a 
new-church project either in the host district or elsewhere. 
Thousands of calls will go out from the Portland Annual 
Conference, and some will be the channel for persons to 
become new Brethren and new disciples in the way of Christ. 
The goal is 200 volunteers making 100 calls each, resulting iii 
the birth of a new congregation. 

The program requires careful organization, hard work, andi 
a high motivation to reach new people with the church's 
ministry. "The Phone's For You!" is not for everyone. But it's' 
worth checking out as one of many ways of starting a new 

For information and registration forms, contact Portland 
NCD Workshop, Church Development Office, P. O. Box 
700296, St. Cloud, FL 34770-0296.— Merle Crouse 

Merle Crouse is Parish Ministries staff for new church development. 

isuring effectiveness in planting new 
hurches, both in the planter-pastor and 
1 the support structure persons. 

A survey of 55 of the projects shows 
lat 17 started with full-time pastors, 24 
'ith part-time, and 14 with non-salaried 
laders. Twenty pastors served in teams, 
ight of whom were in spouse teams, 
he 55 projects involved 1 14 ministers, 
ifty-four (47 percent) of them came 
cm the pool of Church of the Brethren 
!aders, including 10 directly from 
ethany Theological Seminary and one 
om a Bible school. Twenty-seven (24 
ercent) were recruited from other 
enominations and 33 (24 percent) were 
died out of the projects themselves. 

Projects under the care of part-time 
astors grew as well during the first five 
ears as those with full-time pastors, 
.fter five years, the full-time pastors 
ave done better. Generally, the projects 
ave not grown rapidly. If more aggres- 
ve evangelistic patterns were used, it is 
kely that full-time pastors and even 
lulti-staff teams would be necessary. 

The experience of the 1980s suggests 
lat planter-pastors should be seasoned, 
Ffective pastors, carefully selected and 
dequately trained for the special tasks 
f new church development. 

^hat about facilities and church 

he basic new-church model in the 
950s church extension era and yet 
)day for most denominations is the 
3mmunity-oriented congregation in a 
ew residential area. It is geared for new 
isidents just moving in, has a prominent 
ite (5-plus acres) with full-service 
icilities (sanctuary for 200-plus, fellow- 
lip hall, and Christian education 
icilities), at least one full-time pastor, 
nd a membership of 200 or more. 
Fifteen of the 63 new church starts of 
le last 15 years followed this model, 
ome have done moderately well, none 
as done great, some have struggled 
lightily, and all have struggled consid- 
rably. The large costs of new church 
evelopment are for facilities and 
;adership. Prime land and the cost of 
onstructing new buildings (including 
xpensive and highly restricted code 

requirements) and slow growth are 
making it more difficult to afford new 

The alternatives are to build and 
utilize the facility with another partner 
(such as the Good Shepherd Church with 
a day care business, in Blacksburg, Va.) 
or to purchase and adapt an existing 
structure (Lewiston, Maine; Genesis, in 
Putney, Vt.; Alfa y Omega, in Lancaster, 
Pa.) or plan to always rent facilities for 
worship and Christian education needs 
(Communion Fellowship, in Goshen, 
Ind.; ACTS Covenant, in Lancaster, 
Pa.). Another alternative is to grow 
faster and bigger. Ninety-four percent of 
the 63 projects began in rented or 
donated use facilities, but most aspire to 
possess their own space some day. 

None of the other models being used 
by the Brethren stress the need for a new 
building on empty prime land. Other 
models that have been used are the 
Discipleship/Brethren or Anabaptist 
identity church (10), the racial/ethnic 
identity church (15), and the house 
church (5). Only the house churches 
tend to desire no property at all. The 14 
new churches that have been received 
by adoption represent a variety of 
congregational styles in terms of 
facilities, leadership patterns, and 
worship expression. 

Is God reshaping the Brethren? 

A great variety of people are becoming 
new Brethren. In the Anglo churches, 39 
percent were already Brethren, but 6 1 
percent are new. Ten percent were 
Catholic, 24 percent were from other 
Protestant groups and 27 percent have no 
meaningful Christian experience or 
memory. Each of the ethnic minority 
churches has a different mix of back- 
grounds that reflects its cultural heritage 
and place of origin. 

The primary purpose of new church 
development is to reach people with 
God's redeeming love and for them 
to participate in the faith community 
in life-giving ways. God is doing lit i 
amazing things with us and in us. I J 

Merle Croiise is Parish Ministries staff for new 
church development. 

Todd Tijenna 

York Center COB 

BVS Unit 195 

Join over 

100 volunteers 

who will spend this year 

Eugene & 

Eloise Lichty 

McPherson COB 

BVS Unit 194 

Kent Leininger 

Middle Creek COB 

BVS Unit 194 

Denise Patcties 

Wliite Oak COB 

BVS Unit 193 

Brenda Willoughby 
Manila COB 
BVS Unit 192 

making peace, 
advocating justice, 
serving the needs 
of humanity and this 
earth through Brethren 



Doug Heishman 
Manassas COB 
BVS Unit 191 

Ratna Hadiwirawan 

Panttier Creek COB 

BVS Unit 190 

Alana Switzer 
Modesto COB 
BVS Unit 189 




and get into the picture 

call Brethren Volunteer 

Service at 1 -800-323-8039 

or 708-742-5100, or write 

us at 1451 Dundee Ave., 

Elgin, IL 601 20. 

May 1991 Messenger 41 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

You remember the 
shoemaker's children, don't 
you? The ones who go 
barefoot? I often consider 
the chilUng implications of 
that old adage for the 
therapist's son. 

Of all the jobs I do, of 
all the hats I wear, of all 
the roles I play, of all the 
people I am, I consider no 
task or commission as high 
and as holy as mothering 
my son. I also consider 
nothing else as difficult or 
as scary. 

Most challenges I'll 
meet without flinching. 
Have you got sullen, 
rebellious teenagers? Send 
them my way. A married 
couple seething with 
hostilities? I can help. 
Want me to write a thesis? 
Anytime. Organize Annual 
Conference? No problem. 
Preach before a large 
assembly heavily populated 
with individuals who 
believe women should not 
be in the pulpit? I'm ready 
when you are. 

What's that? I'm 
supposed to be gentle, firm, 
patient, understanding, and 
consistent with my pre- 
schooler? Lord, have 

I suspect that children 
are mysteriously programed 
with an instinct that drives 
them toward the ultimate 
goal of making their 
parents feel like failures. 
During my younger years I 
foolishly thought this didn't 
surface until adolescence. 1 
now know that it begins to 
assert itself as soon as chil- 
dren are capable of under- 
standing what we want. 

I don't allow my son to 
have toy guns. So what 
does Jameson do? He 
creates "guns" out of his 
toy flute, Lincoln logs, or 

anything else with a 
"barrel." And when he 
"shoots," he usually aims 
directly at me. 

I have this nightmarish 
fantasy that someday he'll 
take a semi-automatic on a 
wild shooting spree. Then 
when he's apprehended and 
questioned as to why he 
did it, he'll reply: "My 
mother never let me play 
with guns when I was 

So I worry that he's 
going barefoot. . . . 

I work toward mini- 
mizing sex-role stereo- 
typing. I change the word- 
ing of stories as I read to 
Jameson, I employ inclu- 
sive language as much as 
possible, and we talk about 
the things that both boys 
and girls can do. 

Then one day while he 
was yet three years old, I 
commented that I needed a 
ladder to change a light- 
bulb. Jameson informed me 
that "wadies don't use 
wadders, mens use wad- 
ders." Who's been indoc- 
trinating my child behind 
my back? Bone of my 
bone, flesh of my flesh, 
fruit of my womb. . . . 

And 1 wonder, is he 
going barefoot? 

I explain consequences 
of choices to my son and 
reasons for restrictions, 
beginning with good inten- 
tions of listening through 
his objections. But as the 
whining and resistance 
escalate, my composure 
disintegrates and I snap, 
"just SHUT UP!" And 
immediately I feel the 
Sword pierce my soul. For 
in that instant, I know he's 
going barefoot. 

So I ask myself the 
question that parents have 
asked for generations: Am 

I doing anything right? 

Yes . . . yes, I think so. 
I'm loving Jameson. I 
observe him in the labor- 
atory of life as he interacts 
with people. He expects to 
be liked and accepted by 
whomever he meets and 
has yet to encounter a 
stranger he could not 
charm into attentiveness 
and engage in conversation. 

With children he is 
considerate, with adults he 
is cooperative. He is bright, 
winsome, and gregarious. 
He is also independent, 
strong-willed, and demand- 
ing. We have our battles 
and we have our moments. 

Is this shoemaker's 
child going barefoot? I'm 
afraid that some days he 

But then I comfort 
myself with the same pro- 
verb, quoted by more than 
one New Testament writer, 
that I use to encourage 
other parents: "Love cov- 
ers a multitude of sins." If 
"sin" literally means "to 
miss the mark," then love 
is able to close the gap 
between my imperfect aim 
and the "bull's eye." 

So to all mothers and 
fathers facing their up- 
coming special days with 
guilt, confusion, and 
anxiety: Take heart. No- 
body has all the answers 
— not even the "experts." 
Love covers a multitude of 
mistakes and is able to 
compensate where we lack. 
I'm trusting it is more than 
adequate to make up for 
those barefoot 


Robin Wentworth App. of 
Nappanee, Ind.. is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Etna Green, Ind. 

42 Messenger May 199 1 


Mirror of the Martyrs 

by Robert S. Kreider and John S. Oyer • 96 pages • $9.95, paper ($12.95, Canadian) 

"In these stories selected from the Martyrs Mirror we come into the presence 
of several thousand Anabaptists who died as martyrs." 

Why did these persons hold firmly to their faith, often leaving behind children and 
spouses? Who were their executioners? 

In this exploration of courage and martyrdom, Kreider and Oyer raise the questions 
these people had to answer — what beliefs are worth dying for? Is teaching to love 
one's enemy practical counsel? 

Includes etchings and their details. 

Tlie CPS Story: An Illustrated History of Civilian Public Service 
by Albert N. Keim • 128 pages • $11.95, paper ($15.50, Canadian) 

The time was World War II. The United States government had not devised a way 
to deal with conscientious objectors to the war Eager to avoid a repeat of the harsh 
treatment their young men had experienced during World War I, the Historic Peace 
Churches fashioned the Civilian Public Service program. This is a pictorial history of 
that movement by a leading expert. It is an earthy story, full of personal struggle, 
government red tape, humor and loss — an unusual experiment in church-state 

"Must be reckoned among the best of its kind — the specialist history written for 
the general reader." — Booklist 

Reflections of an Hispanic Mennonite 

by Jose Ortiz and David Graybill • 96 pages • $6.95, paper ($8.95, Canadian) 

An Hispanic professor and church leader talks candidly about finding a place in the 
Mennonite faith community, being a Puerto Rican in Anglo society, raising children 
in North America and teaching in Puerto Rico, Central America and the U.S. Midwest. 
He tells of his struggle to overcome insensitivity and prejudice. 
"Attractive and fast-paced." — Mennonite Weekly Review 
"Traditional Mennonites need to read this book." — Mennonite Mirror 

A Modest Mennonite Home 

by Steve Friesen • intro. by Andrew Wyeth • 96 pages • $9.95, paper ($12.95, Canadian) 

Here is a book full of interesting history, colorful anecdotes, and beautiful color 
photography! In the early 1700s, the family of Hans Herr joined the exodus of per- 
secuted Mennonites from the Palatinate, making their way to the New World. Following 
the urging of William Penn, this group settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. 
Friesen re-creates the facts and ambience of the time when the 1719 Hans Herr house 
(still standing today) was built. 

"Betsy and I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book about my ancestral home." — 
Andrew Wyeth 





Available from local bookstores or directly from the publisher. 

Main Street, Intercourse, PA 17534 

Call toll-free 800/762-7171. (In Canada, call collect 717/768-7171.) 


Fresh perspectives 
on fellowship 
and travel 


2,100 North Amehcan hosts (46 states, 8 
provinces) • 220 International contacts 
(57 countries) • 58 What To See spots 

• Centerfold Map of Important Places 

• Mennonlte World Conference 1990, 
Winnipeg (features/maps) • Ross Bender 
& Don Jacobs on International travel 

• MWY users' stories • Nature travel 
actlvltlea • Swap and Share • Stauffer 
MYW mid-llle perspectives 

FOR THE YEARS 1 990, 1 991 , 1 992 

Single copy $11 00* 

2 Copies $20.00- 

3-11 Copies each $ 8.50* 

12 or more / wholesale prices available 

' U.S. funds only, price Includes 4th clasa 
postage to one address 

copies at $_ 

Total Due $_ 

i% Tax - PA residents _ 


Name _ 

Mail to: Mennonite Your Way 

Box 1525, Salunga, PA 17538 

Looking back at the war 

Americans have worked hard at getting 
God out of government, getting prayer 
out of schools, banning nativity scenes 
on court house lawns and crosses on 
public buildings. Some people don't like 
"one nation, under God" in the Pledge of 
Allegiance and "In God we trust" on our 

But once the gulf war started, the 
preachers, radio announcers, TV news 
reporters, and government officials were 
all publicly praying and clamoring for 
the rest of us to join them. 

But does God listen to such prayers? 
On whose "side" is God? 

If there is one thing we might learn 
from this war it would be to acknow- 
ledge God's mercy and blessings and to 
match our ways to his way. 

Wendell Bohrer 
Greenwood, Ind. 

In Bill Keim's assessment of the gulf 
war situation (March, page 1 1) the 
substantial factual information is so 
heavily overbalanced with official Iraqi 


Thursday, July 4, 1991, 5 p.m. 

Annual Conference 

Portland, Oregon 

Music by '7ust Us," a 
lively and original folk 
quintet from Seattle. 
Songs grounded in 
Christian, pacifist 

Just Us 


perspective and post- Vietnam paranoia 
that the writer's credibility as prognost 
cator and ours as peace witnesses are 
seriously jeopardized. 

What is missing is any real sense tha 
Jesus mandated that we love our enemi 
(and, by a little extension, that we not 
kill them) even if it is irrational to do s 
from the world's perspective. 

Wayne and Judi Bish || 
Altadena, Ca. 

The March Messenger cover says ". 
we reaffirm our conviction that all wari 
sinful." How do we reconcile that with 
Romans 1 3 : 1 and 4? Or Proverbs 21:1? 

In the realm of the "world system," 
law and order is ordained of God, and 
the government is the God-appointed 
protector. In the "kingdom of God," 
however, the ruler is Jesus Christ. This 
the kingdom of peace. It is as the ruler 
this kingdom that Christ teaches us to 
love our enemies. 

We grossly err when we try to con- 
form the world to the principles of the 
kingdom of God. 

Henry S. Smt 
Manheim, P 

The gulf war has led to a spiritual 
depression in our country. Our hopes fc 
a better world after the end of the "cold 
war" have been dashed. Also, the war 
undermined the moral foundations of oi 
country. The motives stated by our 
president for mounting the war were no 
the true motives. Further, the popularit)| 
of the war among Americans serves to 
repress expressions of doubt about the 
Tightness of it. 
We need to listen to the still small 


The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive the: 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions ar< 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters should be brief, concise, and respectful a 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to lettei 
that respond directly to items read in the magazim 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the' 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

44 Messenger May 1991 

oice of conscience and speak out, if we 
re to free ourselves from our depres- 
lon. Spiritual good health is not pos- 
ble until we confess and reaffirm our 
onviction that all war is sin. 

Curtis Thill 
Paoli, Ind. 

telling Bethany short 

on Teubner, in his March letter ("Sell 
eminary and Forget It"), displays 
inorance about the Church of the 
brethren and its seminary. 

Bethany, as stated in its catalog, is 
the graduate school of theology of the 
:hurch of the Brethren." In that sub-title 
f the seminary are implied two facts 
^at refute Teubner's remarks: 

One, in the tradition of the Church of 
le Brethren, being non-creedal and not 
sing force in matters of faith have been 
n essential part of Brethren identity. 
iFhis position is what drew me initially 
) the Church of the Brethren.) There- 
Dre, a seminary within that tradition has 
creed to impose or particular tenets to 
nforce as essential to one's faith. 

Two, a graduate school is intended 
ot so much for indoctrination as for 
ssisting students to know what ques- 
ons are to be asked and how to 
esearch the answers. A graduate school 
» not an institute, where the goal is 
imply to have students parrot back facts 
pnsidered to be important to the 
pachers, administration, or the wider 
onstituency. Therefore, "giving the 
ight answers" is not the criterion for 
iethany Seminary graduates. Pastoral 
earch committees may reject Bethany 
raduates if they don't like their answers 
b the committee's questions, but those 
nswers may not serve as the basis for 
udging the seminary. 

I am thankful for Bethany's commit- 
lent to academic credibility. Also, I am 
ympathetic to the struggles of maintain- 
ig that credibility when there are 
onstituents who consider this antitheti- 
al to their preconceived notion of how 
iethany graduates should think and act. 
'his goes against the very best in higher 
ducation and the Brethren tradition. 

Tom Bryant 
Lynchburg, Va. 

Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and dislikl newslellers Ihai reprini "Pnntiiis' Puddle" frnm 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if cinulaiinn is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kuuffmuntr 111 Carter Road. Goshen. IN 4652b. 




vouvo - 



SUV LOv/, 

^ LlCrHT -^ • 


Olio -Step at ii 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Bertie Pfaltzgraif, a sophomore at McPherson College, poses with 
her parents, Roy '65 and Kathryn '63. 

"We were glad wheti Bertie decided lo attend McPherson, She'll get more than an education there; she'll 
get values in the process. We also like the religious emphasis — not overbearing, but ever present. " 
"Some may think a private school is too expensive for their child.. But in McPherson's case, that's not 
true because of scholarships available." 

— Roy '65 and Kathryn '63 Pfaltzgraff 
Haxton, Colorado, Church of the Brethren 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

X , "■ ' ' 

Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Address . 


Phone t- 

. State . 

. Zip. 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
call coUect (316) 241-0731. 

May 1991 Messenger 45 

Time to clean up our act 

I continually read and hear of criticism 
of MESSENGER'S transgressions of basic 
biblical truths of the Holy Spirit and the 
gospel of Jesus Christ. 

Messenger, in subtle ways, integrates 
the sins of the worid into the Christian 
lifestyle. Wise people accept constructive 

From the 

Office of Human Resources — ^ 


Full-time ot Elgin; Housing available; One year 
coinmiTment desirable 



Groundskeeping & building maintenance 


Practical maintenance sl<ills 



Organize space, manage consignments, pro- 
mote sales 


Familiarity witli SERRV. and publications 
Sound management practices. Relevant 
experience desirable. 

mation contact Mory & Ned Stowe, directors. Pro- 
gram Volunteer Service, 1451 Dundee Avenue, 
Elgin, IL 60120 

criticism. It's time that Messenger 
starts listening to this constructive 
criticism from its readers and supporters 
and cleans up its act. 

Laddie D. Oliver 
Douds, Iowa 

A need for church renewal 

1 agree with David Young's letter in 
March: We do need a focus on prayer, 
Bible study, fasting and worship. 

Margaret Cosner 
Boonshoro. Md. 

Recalling Lackey country 

1 appreciated the February article "Cain 
Lackey: A Mountain Legend." It brought 
back memories of the years of pastoring 
that my husband, Galen Wine, did in the 
area that provided the story's setting. 

In the late 1950s we were at the 
Mount Hermon church, where Wil 
Nolen and Phil Stone (great-grandsons 

of Cain Lackey and mentioned in the a^ 
story — Ed.) were young people and ^ 

active in the congregation. Later we 
were at Fairview-Goodwill (now knowr 
as New Hope). Goodwill had been 
founded by Cain Lackey. Fairview was 
at Elamsville, Cain Lackey's home 

Reba H. Wii 
Roanoke, V. 

Guided by the Holy Ghost 

I appreciated reading the General 
Board's resolution on the Middle East 
crisis. (See December 1990, page 6.) I ^ 
live far away from the denomination's 
heartland, but I try to stay informed re- 
garding Bible teaching and world event: 

Thus isolated, 1 marvel that I can 
agree with even my own group so 
totally. Some folks have been doing the 
homework and have Holy Ghost guid- 
ance besides. Salaam! 

Roy Whii 
Citronelle, AU 

WANTED— Interim pastor. Come over into Macedonia and 
help us. Today this request could just as well come from 
Philadelphia as from Macedonia, Located northwest sub- 
urb adjacent to Philadelphia, First Church, as part of 
transition from thirty-year pastorate, examining, redefining 
its role in proclaiming God's presence in world. Would like to 
involve interim pastor in this exciting, sometimes rocky, 
quest. Interested people should contact Allen T, 
Hansen, Atlantic Northeast District Office, 900 South 
Arlington Avenue, Room 213, Harrisburg, PA 17109, Tel, 

WANTED— Administrator, New CovenantCfiristian School, 
Anabaptist, preschool-8th. Position available July 1 , Quali- 
fications-master's degree and/or administrative exp. Con- 
tact Bob Baker, 2403 E, King St„ Lebanon, PA 17042, Tel, 

RETIREIulENT— A Consumer's Guide to Selecting a 
Retirement Park can be yours free. Call now for this free 
educational packet. Learn 1 1 secrets of happy, healthy 
retirement park; 7 potential drawbacks of retirement parks; 
9 mistakes to avoid when choosing retirement park; 26 
tough questions to ask before selecting retirement park. 
Plus, get full details about The Willows at Camp Verde, 
northern Ariz,, unique retirement park in clean, smog-free 
setting. It's all free. So call now toll free 1 -800-658-591 6 or 
write to Tom & Jan Pobst or Galen & Ruth Snell, The 
Willows Retirement f^lobile Park, HC 75, Box 1520, Camp 
Verde, AZ 86322, 

SINGLES— Are you lonely? l»/laybe Crossroads can help 
46 Messenger May 1991 


you too. Some of the couples who have met their mates 
through us include a nurse and a minister, a teacher and a 
carpenter, and a widow and a farmer. Other clients are 
meeting friends who share their interests. Some are still 
waiting to meet the right one. Perhaps they are looking 
for you. How will you find out if you don't join? For infor- 
mation write to Crossroads, Box 32, N, Tonawanda, NY 

TRAVEL— Post-Conference family oriented, high-country 
adventure in foothills of North Cascade U\.s. 4 days, 3 
nights. Gentle 5-mi, walk to base camp at Horseshoe Basin 
on US-Canada boundry. Hikers carry personal items, pack 
horses carry heavy stuff. Planned activities w/ free time, 
Delicious meals prepared by exp, high-country cooks. See 
magnificent scenery of 2 nations for price of one; $50/adult, 
$25/age 12 and under. Limit 25 persons. Host families 
available for night before and after hike, 10 hrs, n, of 
Portland, Dates; July 10-13, 1991, Register by June 15, 
Contact Whitestone Church of the Brethren, 321 20 Hwy 97 
N„ Tonasket, WA 98855, Tel, (509) 486-2629 or Ernie Bolz, 
tel, (509) 486-2553, 

TRAVEL— Family Camp, Exper, High Sierra tvlts, in North- 
ern Calif, by attending Family Camp at Camp Peaceful 
Pines on way to Annual Conference, in Portland, Ore,, 
June 22-27, 1991 , Paul fvlundey. Church of Brethren evan- 
gelism staff person, and wife, Robin, resource leaders. For 
info, contact Hazel Hoover, Registrar, 3536 Shoemake 
Ave,, fyjodesto, CA 95351 , Tel, (209) 527-7447, 

TRAVEL— Alaska, hosted by Dr. and Mrs, Clayton Pheas- 

ant '67— July 7-21 , 1991 , China and Hong Kong, hosted H 
Rex and Dottle Hershberger '50, '50— Aug, 14-29, 199' 
Bermuda, hosted by Bob and Karen Orr '76, '76— Nov, 7-1 i' 
1991, Christmas Time in Bavaria— Dec, 8-16, 1991/ Fi 
info, and resen/ations contact; Volker K, UoW, Gatew; i 
Travel Center, Inc, 606 Mifflin St, Huntingdon, PA 1665 "I 
Tel, 1-800-322-5080, ' 

TRAVEL— Attention Annual Conference Brethren crossirj 
Ohio, Overnight lodging with members of Pleasant Vie 
(Ohio) Church of Brethren available. Located 1 mile s, of U i 
30 at 175 overpass. Contact David Rusmisel, tel, (41 9) 64; ( 
3775 or Pleasant View church, tel, (419) 643-4495, \ '' 

TRAVEL— One e in a lifetime, two springs in one year. Dor 
miss this tour of South Pacific— New Zealand and Australii | 
Nov, 20-Dec, 7, 1 991 , More than commercial tour, Expei ' \ 
ence beauty, history, people of New Zealand with Mao 
Concert and dinner, Milford Sound, Christchurch, fan 
home stay. Visit Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney Australi i 
incid, 3 fascinating days on Great Barrier Reef, Experience \ 
leaders, Mustenroll soon. Write orcall for brochure, Rothroc I 
Tours, 502 Charles, McPherson, KS 67460, Tel, (316) 24' 
2670. Still room if you hurry for British Isles, Ireland^un 
15-June29or July 5, 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Churc 
of the Brethren for 10 a,m, church school and 11 a.n 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail an 
1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross, Contact John and Debbi 
Hammer, 5584 Wilmer Dr„ Norcross, GA 30092, Tel. (40' : 


ntelope Park, W. Plains: Bruce 
Blocher, Cora Gallentine, 
Dalene Royer Moore 
issett, Virlina: David Turner, 
Angela Martin. Amy 
Coffman. Amanda Martin, 
Jerry Martin, Sara Ray, 
Mandy Shaver, Smokey 
Gilbert, Clearissa Moore. 
George Moore 
:aver Dam, Mid-Atl: Clarence 

J. Stitely 
ue Ridge Chapel, Shen.: 
Beverly Bowen. Phillip 
Bowen, Jennifer Craig, Brian 
Ketterer, BeHnda Ross, 
Nathan Showalter, Michael 
Smiley, Jeremy Worley, 
Sandra Worley 
irlisle, S. Pa.: Tessie Shrawder 
;dar Lake, N. Ind.: Adam 
Jordan, Mandy Freebum, 
Mike Parker, Jodi Shull 
>vington, S. Ohio: Kenneth 
Hahn, Gary Lavey, Regina 
Looker, Lewis Wills 
mville, N. Ohio: Brock Stull 
kins, W. Marva: Allen Cosner. 
Lynda Cosner, Robert 
Fumier, Bette Fumier, Terry 
Daman, Darlene Bumside, 
Kathy Phares. Chad Phares, 
Michelle Woods. D. J. 
Yokum, Ruby Bennett 
)hrata, Atl. N.E.: James and 

Janet Rhen 
lirview-Rocky Mount, Virlina: 
Pam Moyer, Pette Wethington 
rst-Harrisonburg, Shen.: Judy 
Craun. Wilson Robinson, 
Judie Tullock, Eugene 
Wiseman. Reba Wiseman 
rst-Phoenix, Pac. S.W.; Phyllis 

Gibson, Bill Nichol 
rst-San Diego. Pac. S.W.: 
Steven Beck, Rocci Hildum, 
Alice Hildum, Jim Wade. Dee 
Wade, Margaret Manyak 
when City, N. Ind.: Mark 
Sternberg, Steve Strycker, 
Eugene and Mary VanDusen, 
Lester and Sherri Otto. Nolan 
and Carie Bucher, Mary Beck 
iperial Heights, Pac. S.W.: 
I Linda Animashaun, Ann 
Brown, Jerry Brown, Derrick 
Harley, Alice Lowe, David 
Hopson, Don Mitchell. Ron- 
i aid and Nina Porter, Conrad 
I and Devance Thompson. 
I Rose, Jamal, and Troy St. 
I Thomas, Jamil McClain, 
Nonleigh Porter, Danielle 
Metcatf, La Tanya, Kenneth, 
• and Kedrean Matthews 
linark, lll./Wis.: Whittney 
j Miller. Steven and Janna 

Landgraf. Gary and Martha 
, Dean 

';wiston, Atl. N.E.: Dawn 
Spalding, Dorothy Marston, 
Darin Copenhaver 
ick Creek, N. Ohio: Lori Bolton, 
; Julie Fox, David Hamer, Scott 
1 Hamer, Sherry Newman, 
, Melissa Shearer. Sandy 
I Kimpel, Betty Laub Kyser 
laple Grove, N. Ohio: Beau 
; Roberts, David and Margaret 

Good. Ryan Barr. Doug 

March Creek, S. Pa.: Barry 
Arendt. Gayle Ingle, Daniel 
Millar. Andy Musselman, 
Philip Turner, John D. Poore, 
Curtis Rowland, Cheryl 

McPherson, W. Plains: Dorsey 
and Mildred Rotruck. Jim and 
Sharon Stevens. Ken Queen, 
Sharon Knechel, Mary 
Holloway, Meg Litrell 

Ottumwa, N. Plains: Darrell Ware 

Pasadena, Pac. S.W.: James 

McClendon, Nancey Murphy 
McClendon, Ardeth Maung 

Peace, N. Plains: Dale, Joan, and 
Edgar Brumbaugh 

Pine Grove, W. Marva: Jerry. 
Cathy, Craig, and Bryan Cal- 
houn, Andy, Shirley, Frank, 
and La Rue Lewis. Jim 
Savage, Mary Jo Savage, 
Marshall Woods, Debra 
Woods, Donna Bittinger, Tom 
Beachy, Laura Harvey, Shan- 
non Philippi, Timothy Woods, 
Shawn Lewis Christy Reams 

Pleasant Chapel, N. Ind.: William 
and Kris Fry 

Pulaski County, Virlina: Joyce 
Taylor, Angela Arehart, Burl 
Bowman, Jr., Robin Bowman. 
Debbie Smith, Linda Hamrick 

Quakertown, Atl. N.E.: Andrea 
Adams, Shirley Unangst, Jeff 
Titlow, Pat Titlow, Kim Diehl 

SIpesville, W. Pa.: Susan Aultz. 
Wendy Aultz, Michael Saylor, 
Debra Gary, Richard Bittner, 
Margaret Bittner. James 
Beggs, Marcy Beggs, Bill 
Spencer, Dorothy Spencer 

South Waterloo, N. Plains: Dor- 
tha Parris, Laurie VanDerPol, 
Randall VanDerPol 

Troy, S. Ohio: Joe and Bethany 
Dukehart, Wayne, Susan, and 
Katie Hoover 

Uniontown, W. Pa.: Jack and 
Grace Siebe 

Waterloo, N. Plains: Roy Meyers, 
Sandra Bennett, Richard 
Nielsen. David and Diane 
Shindley, Betty Wagner, Iris 
and Buck Power, Allen Fecht 

Waynesboro, Shen.: Dennis, 
Rachel, and Katie Brown. 
David Eton, Mary Eton, Kay 
Fulk. Mariann Van Buren, 
Chris Batman, Tim Batman, 
Dana Collins, Andy Wood 

Wenatchee Brethren-Baptist, 
Oreg./Wash.: Ian Linterman, 
Philip Smith 

West Green Tree, Atl. N.E.: 
Randy, Joy, Kristen, and Ken 
Derek, Sarah Kalp 


Beutler, Kelly J., licensed Feb. 21, 

199I,Roann. S/CInd. 
Cooke, Richard, licensed Jan. 19, 

1991. Winter Park, Atl. S.E. 
Fiske, Randall C, ordained Jan. 

19, 199l,Buffalo, S. Pa. 
Gresh, Kenneth P., licensed Dec. 

11, 1990, Lost Creek/Free 

Spring, S. Pa. 

Jones, Phillip Lynn, licensed Jan. 

19, 199I.Amioch, Viriina 
Keebaugh, Timothy, ordained 

Jan. 19, 199l,Knobsville, 

S. Pa. 
Myers, Craig Alan, ordained Nov. 

17. 1990, Asher Glade. W. Pa. 
Myers, Guy L., ordained Nov. 17, 

1990. Conemaugh. W. Pa. 
Scott, Marilyn L.. licensed Jul. 12, 

1990, Mill Creek. Shen. 
Smith, Kathleen, licensed Jan. 19, 

1991. Winter Park. All. S.E. 
Smoot, Mark Roland, licensed 

Dec. 5, 1990, Salem, S.Ohio 
Wagner, Kenneth, ordained Nov. 
10, 1990, Lewiston, M. Pa. 


Baker, Jimmy, from Pipe Creek. 

S/C Ind.. to Indiana. W. Pa. 
Borgmann, R. Kurt, from 

seminary to Sebring, Atl. S.E. 
Conn, Barry, from secular to Pike 

Run, W. Pa. 
Jinks, James, from secular to 

Mount Olivet, Shen. 
McCiure, Dennis, from other 

denomination to Oakley 

Brick. III.AVis. 
Ritchey, Amy Gall, from 

seminary to Florence, N. Ind. 
Ritchey, Kurt, from seminary to 

Florence, N. Ind. 
Ritchey, Arthur W., from Martin 

Creek, lll./Wis., to LaMotte 

Prairie, Ill./Wis. 
Thompson, Wendell, from secular 

to Owl Creek, N. Ohio 
Wagner, Kenneth, from secular to 

Bannersville, M. Pa. 
Wagner, Liane, from secular to 

Bannersville, M. Pa. 
Zumbrun, Melvin J. from Union 

Center, N. Ind., to Allison 

Prairie. Ill./Wis. 


Brandt, Abner and Martha, 

Manheim, Pa., 50 
Brumbaugh, Raymond and 

Berdella, Hartville, Ohio. 65 
Dalton, Matthew and Gladys, 

Hiwassee, Va., 60 
Hartman, Saylor and Nellie, 

Palmyra. Pa., 50 
Hull, Lowell and Catherine, 

Brookville, Ohio, 50 
Longenecker, Julia and Paul, 

Martinsburg, Pa., 50 
Martin, Josephine and Paul, 

Troy, Ohio, 50 
McCary, Harry and Theresa, 

Ariington, Va., 50 
McMullen, Richard and Ruth, 

Hershey. Pa., 55 
Merrifieid, Daniel and Edna, 

Champaign, III., 65 
Miller, Herbert and Nancy, 

Myerstown, Pa., 50 
Mummert, Ross and May, 

Chamber&burg. Pa., 50 
Peters, Harry and Verda Mae, 

Hillsboro. Ohio, 50 
Phibbs, Arby and Mary Kath- 

erine, Pulaski, Va., 50 
Randolph, James and Marguerite, 

Bridgewaler, Va.. 50 
Rhynard, Albert and Naomi. 

Troy, Ohio. 55 
Townsend, Frank and Wilma. 

Lake Odessa. Mich., 50 
Whitman, Slim and Jerry. 

Middleburg, Fla.. 50 


Acker, Elizabeth M.. 88, Har- 
risonburg, Va., Sep. 23. 1990 
Ackley, Dorothea, 98, Ellinwood, 

Kan., Feb. I, 1991 
Ankeny, Estella K., 98. Windber. 

Pa.. Jan. 18. 1991 
Ankrom, J. Vernon, Rayland. 

Ohio. Dec. 7. 1990 
Bartlett, Fay Zinn. 88, New 

Cariisle, Ohio. Feb. 12. 1991 
Baughman, Herb. 93, Glenford, 

Ohio. Jan. 24, 1991 
Berkinholz, Gertrude. 87. Prairie 

City. Iowa, Jan. 1, 1991 
Bowman, Grace, 7 1 . Dayton. 

Ohio. Feb. I, 1991 
Brandt, Anna, 85, Palmyra. Pa., 

Jan. 26, 1991 
Byfield, Raymond A., 85, Mo- 
desto, Calif., Dec. 29, 1990 
Clark, Jettie S., 85. Bassett, Va., 

Nov. 28, 1990 
Conner, Abram, 75, Manassas, 

Va., Feb. 19, 199! 
Cornett, Roy G., 48, Bassett. Va., 

Oct. 29, 1990 
Crawford, Katherine F.. 90, 

Bassett, Va.. Oct. 20, 1990 
Crowell, Bruce, 89. Dayton. Ohio, 

Feb. 6. 1991 
Cummins, Ada, 89, Sebring. Fla., 

Feb. 16. 1991 
Curry, Susie S., 80. Bassett. Va., 

Sep. 19, 1990 
Dell, Miriam, 88. McPherson, 

Kan., Jan. 4. 1991 
Depoy, Harry, 66, Weyers Cave, 

Va.,Sep. 18. 1990 
Dine, Harold C, 8 1 . New Paris. 

Ohio. Feb. I, 1991 
Dull, Brona, 76, Sebring, Fla., 

Jan. 5, 1991 
Eckroth, Margaret, 93, Neffsville, 

Pa., Jan. 26. 1991 
Eisenhour, Martha S., 86. 

Palmyra. Pa.. Nov. 11, 1990 
Forror, Mackey, 69, La Mesa, 

Calif., Sep. 8, 1990 
Foster, Charles. 70, Sebring, Fla., 

Dec. 3, 1990 
Fourhman, Sadie, 75. York, Pa., 

Feb. 3. 1991 
Garber, Ethel C. 93. Weyers 

Cave. Va., Jan. 1, 1990 
Garst, Vera K.. 94. Mt. Morris, 

Hi., Dec. I, 1990 
Gerdes, E. Wayne, 98, Dixon, II!.. 

Feb. 5, 1991 
Gilmer, Sherma n. 76, Harrison- 
burg, Va., Jan. 28, 1991 
Grove, Ruth Arbaugh, 91. West- 
minster, Md.. Feb. 4. 1991 
Hall, Mary, 87. Sebring, Fla.. 

Oct. 15, 1990 
Helser, Roberta. 61, Thomville, 

Ohio. Jan. 11, 1991 
Hollenberg, John, 95, Sebring, 

Fla.. Dec. 22, 1990 
Bollinger, Ada S., 88, Palmyra, 

Pa.,Jan. 5, 1991 
Hoover, Kermit, 74, Glenford, 

Ohio. Dec. 29, 1990 

Horton, Daisey M., 97. Williams- 
burg, Pa., Feb. 24. 1991 
Huffman, Agnes T.. 79, Seffner. 

Fla.. Aug. 20, 1990 
Jefferis, Raymond H., 78, Green- 
ville. Ohio, Feb. 22. 1991 
Jump, Ira, 77, Ariington. Va., 

Oct. 1, 1990 
Kimmel, Harry, 89, Somerset, Pa.. 

Feb. II. 1991 
Kimmel, Mabel A., 98, Shelocta. 

Pa.. Jan. 7, 1991 
Kister, Emma, 93, Somerset, Pa., 

Dec. 6. 1990 
Kline, Vadah. 85, Oakton, Va., 

Feb. 14. 1991 
Lindsey, Samuel. 84, Broadway, 

Va., Mar. 2. 1991 
Lynds, Marcus, 79. Sebring. Fla., 

Oct. 4. 1990 
Martin, Sailie M.. 74, Bassett, 

Va.,Jul. 2, 1990 
Maust, Ernest. 70. Somerset, Pa.. 

Dec. 2. 1990 
McKimmy, Mary E.. 94. Beaver- 
ton. Mich.. Feb. 24, 1991 
Moomaw, I. W., 95, Jacksonville. 

Fla., Oct. 2, 1990 
Neher, Edna. 89, Topeka. Kan.. 

Jan. 3. 1991 
Norris, Helen 1., 84. South 

Whitley, ind., Jan. 26, 1991 
Oviatt, Marion G.. 84, Bridge- 
water. Va.. Jan. 23, 1 99 1 
Painter, Paul, 83, Palmyra, Pa.. 

Jan. 4, 1991 
Patrick, Edward. 90, Pyrmont, 

Ind., Feb II, 199! 
Reinke, Charlotte, 76, Sebring, 

Fla.. Jan. 24. 1991 
Roberts, Paul W., 89, Ottumwa. 

Iowa. Jan. 21, 1991 
Rorrer, Klyde, 89. Bassett. Va., 

Feb. 10, 1991 
Ruby, Paul, 9 1 , Ottumwa, Iowa, 

Feb. 12. 1991 
Sauder, Marian. 55. Akron. Pa., 

Jan. 18, 1991 
Severns, Dorothy, 85, Glenmont, 

Ohio, Jan. 16, 1991 
Shafer, Pauline I., 72, Conti- 
nental. Ohio. Feb. 3, 1991 
Shaffer, Edna, 89. Uniontown. 

Pa., Jan. 5, 199! 
Shankster, James, 5 1 . Syracuse. 

Ind., Mar. 3, 1991 
Shickel, Jacob S., 92, Harrison- 
burg, Va.. Feb. 14, 1991 
Stern, Vernon. 54, Montclair. 

Calif.. Jan. 3, 1991 
Stitely, Clarence J.. 88, Johnsville. 

Md..Jan. 31. 1991 
Summy, Katie, 92, Masterson- 

viUe, Pa.. Jan. II, 199! 
Thompson, Marie M., 105, Dixon. 

111., Feb. 12, 1991 
Tome, Edna, New Oxford, Pa., 

Jan. 4. 1991 
Van Pelt, William Martin. 85. 

Portland. Ore., Feb. 3, 1991 
Wampler, Virginia P.. 88. Weyers 

Cave, Va.. Oct. 30, 1990 
Will, Eva C, 83, Lorida, Fla.. 

Dec. 31. 1990 
Williams, Audra, 93, Copemish, 

Mich., Feb. 3. 1991 
Wine, Ruth E., 86. Falls Church. 

Va..Jan. 31, 1991 
Wright, I^ta C, 84, Grottoes, 

Va., Feb. 26. 1990 
Yaney, Josephine D., 90. New 

Canaan. Conn.. Mar. I, 1991 

May 1991 Messenger 47 


Pondering the madness of war 

I'm out of sorts. Totally. I haven't got a "sort" 
left to my name. Totally opposed to the recent 
Persian Gulf war — as a Christian and Brethren 
should be — I held forth hope as it began and 
progressed that the result would be a grim 
reckoning of the American people — shock at 
war on such a scale being waged on trumped-up 
charges by a president seemingly more persuaded 
by a need for high political ratings than by 
concern for human justice; indignation at the 
cruel, heartless reality of mass killings; and a 
ground swell of protest that would bring us closer 
to saying, "War, never again." 

My hopes are unfulfilled, if not dashed ... for 
the moment. History has taught me that euphoria 
(which our president piously admonishes us to 
forgo), over time, gives way to a more balanced 
view of things. Perhaps we may yet come to our 
senses. But, for the moment, I am discomforted, 
yea, dismayed, by the giddy-headed response of 
the American public, generally, to the "victory" 
over "anti-Christ, Hitler-reincarnated" Saddam 
Hussein and his country. 

As best I understand this American response, 
the war was perfectly justified. America, the land 
of the free and the home of the brave, is a land of 
altruistic people, always ready to thwart despots 
wherever they attempt to do mischief. War is an 
acceptable, even the preferred, way of righting 
wrongs and settling international disputes. A US 
president and his generals, in wartime, can do no 
wrong. Whoever questions the rightness of war is 
flirting with treason and certainly trampling 
patriotism underfoot. In a war it is appropriate to 
ignore the killings by the US military, to marvel 
at the "small number" of casualities as if we 
hadn't murdered thousands of Iraqi soldiers and 
civilians. It is appropriate to swell with patriotic 
pride, to welcome home the troops as if the world 
had just been saved from evil. The thing to say is 
that American depression over the Vietnam War 
has forever been laid to rest; again we can hold 
up our head as a nation. 

Frankly, I had appreciated the pause we had 
taken at "losing" the Vietnam War. I had been 
under the illusion that we had learned some 
valuable lessons in that sorry period of American 
history — not only that our country is vulnerable 
to military defeat, but that war has no place as a 
remedy for international misunderstanding. 

48 Messenger May 1991 

And I am horrified by the perceptions I 
mentioned in paragraph three. 

I can scarcely believe how completely this 
country has succumbed to its darker self, when 
egged on by a president who resorts to war on a 
whim and whips up support by calling for the 
worst form of "patriotism" and the glorification 
of war and who offers the most transparent justi- 
fication for his action. I am alarmed as never 
before at how dangerous television is. Its influ- 
ence in creating the conditions I am talking about 
makes it hard for me to keep in mind the redeem- 
ing qualities of this medium of communication. 

Where is the mind of the American people? 
How can we so blindly ignore the hypocrisy of 
what we have done? How can we be sucked in by 
such patriotic hogwash that would have shamed 
even the Crusaders? What kind of mentality does 
it take to believe that some puffed-up general is 
presidential timber? Where have the Christians of 
this country mislaid their New Testaments? How 
can we rejoice like Viking barbarians returning 
from a raid? Where is our sackcloth and ashes? If 
we stop to think of the domestic problems here in 
the United States begging for resolution and 
reckon what the money spent on one day of the 
war could have done for that resolving of the 
problems of poverty, ignorance, racism, drugs, 
crime, and so on, how can we avoid horror, 
shame, and remorse? 

There. I have laid out my frustration for 
display. Weeping Jeremiah has said his piece. 
Those I condemn by my questions naturally will 
be more gleeful than before, to read of my 
discomfort. But, for the moment, it is my reaction 
and response to this shameful adventure of the 
American military so fully supported by the 
civilian population back home. 


Let, in all my agony and despair, I do not 
abandon hope. History lessons take time to sink 
in. We may yet come to our senses and — down 
the road — take a more sober look at what we 
allowed ourselves to do in our drunken revelry, 
our light-hearted attempt to amuse ourselves by 
playing the deadly game of reenacting World 
War II. 

But, in the meantime, I hurt as a Christian. 
God forgive the collective guilt I share.— K.T. 

O To Christian Ministry 

O To Congregational Leadership 

O To Peacemaking and Service 

O To Provide Financial Support 

O To Study Scripture 

O To Encourage Others 

O To Upbuild the Church of the Brethren 

Dear Friends, 

Recently I completed my 46tli year in 
the ministry. Seven were spent in for- 
mal preparation, seven in pastoral 
ministry and 32 at Bethany Seminary. 
While 1 had no idea what was in the 
future when I accepted the call of the 
church, it has been a constant challenge. 
Intense study was only the beginning. 
The years in a local parish put those 
ideas to work. Then the call to an even 
wider ministry expanded my parish to 
the whole denomination. What a 

The church needs leadership today. If you want a rewarding 
experience, listen for Christ's call and pray for the wisdom and 
strength to respond to that call. 

In God*s Love, 

Bethany Theological Seminary 



E. Floyd McDowell 

Director of Development 

Bethany Theological Seminary 


JULY 2-7 







♦ Opening 



Tuesday, July 2 

7:00 p.m. 

♦ Closing 


Sunday, July 7 

The site of the 1991 Annual Conference 
is the NEW Oregon Convention Center. 

Portland, known as the Cit{; of Roses, has 
the ambience of a large cit\j and the 
friendly atmosphere of a small town. The 
beautiful Northwest country; with its 
rivers, mountains, and ocean views 
provide a refreshing vacation 

Bring the family . . . attend the Annual 
Conference and visit the Oregon and 
Washington scenic and historical sites all 
in one trip! 

Participate in the Conference programs: 
worship services, business sessions, 
children and youth activities, area field 
trips, musical and drama programs. Special 
concert on Saturday 
night by Ken 


Medema, christian 
composer and performer. 


Singled out 

Singles in the cliurcli 

Rosalita Leonard 

When a newcomer to your staff comes directly from employ- 
ment with the WCTU, residual stereotypes lead you to expect a 
humorless person of dour mien, like the ladies in artist Grant 
Wood's painting "Daughters of the American Revolution." 
Boy, but we got fooled by Rosalita Leonard, who wrote this 
month's cover story on singles in the Church 
of the Brethren. 

Soon after Rosalita came to the General 
Offices as a library technician in the Brethren 
Historical Library and Archives, she established 
her reputation as our unofficial humorist-in- 
residence. For a time she published an "under- 
ground" staff newsletter that kept us in stitches 
(so long as we were not among the staff mem- 
bers who got skewered by its gossip items). 
Rosalita has become a regular performer at the 
Highland Avenue Church of the Brethren's 
coffee house evenings, her witty monologs being 
the biggest hit of her repertoire. 
Rosalita is capable of adding a flavorful but 
healthy dash of humor in places where we soberer sorts would 
least expect it. Who but Rosalita, in a report on Annual Confer- 
ence, would think to present the Conference Booklet's Robert's 
Rules of Order instructions in the guise of a Gregorian chant, 
done by a choral group at the back of our office chapel? 

As you read "Singled Out" (page 10), you will see evidence 
of Rosalita's humor as she describes her own experience as a 
Brethren single and chides plurals (with good humor) for their 
shortcomings in relating to the singles in their midst. 

June 1J 

ajjL^i4i^c^^ uA^^ 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing editor 

Wendy Chamberlain McFadden 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Karia Boyers 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L, Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Raymer: lllinoisAViscon 
Fletcher Farrar Jr.; Northern Indiana. Lee 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana, Lois 
Michigan. Marie Willoughby; Mid-Atlani 
Ann Fonts; Missouri. Mary Greim; Mis^ 
souri/Southem Arkansas. Mary McGowa 
Northern Plains. Pauline Flory: Northern 
Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Southern Ohio. 
Shirley Petry; OregonAVashington. 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Southwe 
Randy Miller; Middle Pennsylvania, Pegj 
Over; Southern Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. 
Gleim; Western Pennsylvania. Jay Christi 
Shenandoah. Jerr>' Brunk; Virlina. Mike 
Gilmore; Western Plains, Dean Hummer; 
West Marva. Winoma Spurgeon. 



COMING NEXT MONTH: A salute to the Association for 
the Arts in the Church of the Brethren (AACB) and a look 
at the peace studies programs at Juniata College and 
Manchester College. 

Messenger is the official publication of 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as secom 
class matter Aug. 20, 1918, under Act of 



of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date, Ni 
1. 1984. Messenger is a 
^ member of the Associated 

Church Press and a subscribe 
to Religious News Service ar 
Ecumenical Press Service. 
Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: S 12.50 individual 
rate. $10.50 church group plan, $10.50 gi 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an issue, 
you move, clip address label and send wit 
new address to Messenger Subscriptions, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. Alio 
at least five weeks for address change. 

Messenger is owned and published 1 1 
times a year by the General Services Conr 
mission. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. Second-class postage paid at Eigir 
111., and at additional mailing office, June 
1 99 1 . Copyright 1 99 1 . Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-035* 
POSTMASTER: Send address change; 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 



n Touch 2 

"lose to Home 


*Iews 6 

.Vorldwide 9 

Stepping Stones 


^lixed Reviews 


.etters 26 

^ntius' Puddle 


Turning Points 


Editorial 36 


rover, 1: Bakstad Photographies 
nside front cover, 4 right: Kermon 

'. right: Peter Michael 
i left: Stuart Leask 
jl right (art): Becky Bowman 
;) right, 2 1 : George Keeler 
y. Cheryl Cayford 
i top, left: Phil Smith 
i top, right: Olan Mills 
h Religious News Service/Reuters 
16: Skjold Photographies 
19-20: University of La Verne 


Singled out 10 

Rosalita J. Leonard tells what it's like being a single person 
in the Church of the Brethren and offers suggestions for the 
church's response. Sidebars by Cheryl Cayford tell other 
singles' stories and what some congregations are doing. 

What nurtures faith? 16 

Don Jordan surveyed 38 members of the Church of the 
Brethren and now describes his findings on what it is that 
best nurtures our young people's faith. 

There once was a college called Lordsburg 1 9 

An excerpt from the centennial history of the University of 
La Verne, written by Herbert W. Hogan and Gladdys E. 
Muir, describes the first years of what was then known as 
Lordsburg College. 

Roland Ortmayer: A legend at La Verne 20 

Marlin L. Heckman tells how the commitment of a World 
War II conscientious objector led to a 43-year career at the 
University of La Verne. 

We have this treasure 23 

Frank Ramirez, in a 70th anniversary salute to Myra Brooks 
Welch's poem "The Touch of the Master's Hand," explores 
the "magic" of what he calls "thumbtack poems." 

Page 10 

June 1991 Messenger 1 


Compassion for kids 

If Evelyn Bow had a resume 
of her life it would overflow 
with the details of her love 
and concern for children. 

Married 53 years, Evelyn is 
a member of the Bowmont 
(Idaho) Church of the 

about child abuse. She 
informs her audiences about 
actions that can be taken and 
hands out sample letters, lists 
of legislators, and phone 
numbers so that participants 
can't leave without having 
something they can do. 
More recently, Evelyn 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to ' 'In 
Touch." Messenger, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Brethren, and chair of the 
Idaho District board Witness 
Commission. Back when she 
and her husband, Lloyd, were 
newly married (and before 
they had two daughters of 
their own) Evelyn became 
interested in a local child 
abuse case in which a boy 
supposedly had drowned but 
actually had been killed by 
his stepfather and mother. 

Evelyn "couldn't imagine 
it." At the time, she says, 
there were no laws in Idaho 
that really spoke to the 
protection of abused children. 

Since she began lobbying 
on her own, 15 years ago, 
Evelyn has helped get seven 
children out of abusive 
homes and has been key in 
establishing telephone 
hotlines for abused children. 

She also speaks at seminars 
for church groups and other 
organizations concerned 

brainstormed a way to raise 
awareness about railroad 
safety. In her own commu- 
nity. Union Pacific Railroad 
was experiencing a number 
of accidents. 

When the Canyon County 
commissioners formed a 
committee to promote safety, 
they asked Evelyn to join. 
Believing that "education is 
the only way," she organized 
a poster contest for sixth 
graders in the district and 
asked a local television 
station to judge the 1,691 
entries displayed in a 
shopping mall. 

In addition to paying cash 
prizes for the top three 
winners. Union Pacific 
honored Evelyn with a dinner 
and gave her a steam-engine 
train "that even smokes." 

Although Evelyn can't find 
enough time to be involved 
with all she would like to get 

into, she "takes care of what 
ills" she can. She does so 
"because it has to be done. 
And because I love children." 

For the past three years, 
Evelyn and Lloyd (them- 
selves long-time game 
hunters) have taught hunter 
safety classes to 1 1- and 12- 
year-olds. And right now, 
Evelyn would like to teach 
her grandson to golf, a long- 
time passion of her own. 
— Karla Boyers 

Protesting war taxes 

Last-minute taxpayers in 
Iowa City, Iowa, rushing to 
mail their returns late at night 
on April 15, were met by 
demonstrators in front of the 
post office, protesting tax 
money being spent for 
military purposes. 

Among the demonstrators 
was peace activist Marianne 
Michael, a member of the 
Panora (Iowa) Church of the 
Brethren. Said she to a 

newspaper reporter, "It's 
obscene that the government 
spends so much on the 
military when there are so 
many things here at home 
that we need to work on. The 
US has a poor sense of values 
when our tax money is spent 
on things that destroy human 

2 Messenger June 1 99 1 

Carl Stevens with his "comprehensive nwdel" (center) 

Peace models 

A self-described "social 
inventor," 82-year-old Carl 
Stevens of First Church of 
the Brethren, in Wichita, 
Kan., awaits the implementa- 
tion of his inventions. The 
result of 60 years of practical 
and theoretical engineering, 
Carl's "Peace Tower" exhibit 
was dedicated for display at 
his church in 1989. His 
"invention" is a system for 
achieving world peace 
described not in a textbook 
but in a series of models. 

"In a symbolic way," says 
Carl, "I've been carrying a 
message my whole life of the 
gospel of peace and the sys- 
tem in which it is achieved." 
He builds models because he 
believes ordinary people can 
understand them . . . and thus 
understand his theories. 

Two of Carl's models 
blueprint how adequate 
multiple-unit housing can be 
provided for singles or 
families while conserving 
materials and intentionally 
maximizing human contact. 
Another model illustrates the 
inadequacy of human struc- 
tures of justice. What Carl 
calls his "comprehensive 
model" shows five dimen- 
sions of reality coinciding to 
provide a holistic peace 
system called "existential 


Carl's two dozen models 
get into some really heady 
stuff, but it all comes together 
when surrounded by the bea- 
titudes and other teachings of 
Jesus displayed on the walls. 

Carl believes our educa- 
tional system omits the bases 
for social responsibility 
— ethics, ecology, and theol- 
ogy. He has gone to great 
lengths to convey that vital 
information. — Dean R. 

Recalling the ZamZam 

Survivors (and their families/ 
descendants) of the sinking of 
the ZamZam will gather in 
reunion at St. Olaf College, 
Northfield, Minn., July 2 1 . 
The ship was sunk by the 
Germans in 1 94 1 , during 
World War II. (See "The 
Night They Sank the 
April 1981.) 

Aboard the ship and 
captured by the Germans 
were three Church of the 
Brethren missionaries bound 
for Nigeria — Ruth Utz (now 
deceased); Alice Engel, 
Taneytown, Md.; and Sylvia 
Oiness, Baltimore, Md. 

For more information, 

3750 Emerson Ave., 
Boulder, CO 80303; Tel. 


Names in the news 

David Malafa was elected 
chairman of Ekklesiyar 
'Yaniiwa a Nigeria (Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria) at 
EYN's Majalisa (Annual 
Conference) in April. He 

succeeds John Kudzar. Both 
men were at last year's 
Annual Conference in 
Milwaukee. Mallam (Mr.) 
David spent last year as an 
exchange pastor in the Mount 
Wilson Church of the 
Brethren, Lebanon, Pa. (See 
December 1990, page 3.) 

Paul and Priscilla 
Wampler and Alvin 
Conner, all members of the 
Manassas (Va.) Church of the 
Brethren, were given Out- 
standing Service Awards at 
Bridgewater College's 
Founders Day dinner, April 
5. The recipients have been 
major financial benefactors of 
the school through the years. 

Ruth Goehle, a medical 
doctor who worked with the 
Church of the Brethren in 
Sudan, 1982-1988, received 
the honorary degree Doctor 
of Humane Letters from 

Concordia College, St. Paul, 
Minn., in April. Ruth lives in 
White Bear Lake, Minn. 

Frank Ramirez, pastor of 
the Elkhart Valley Church of 
the Brethren, Elkhart, Ind., 
has published a novel. The 
Third Letter (Cliffhanger 
Press, 166 pages, $8.95). In 
addition to his pastoral work, 
Frank writes a biweekly 
column for the Elkhart Truth. 

Artist Linda Faw Neher, a 
member of the Quinter ( Kan. ) 
Church of the Brethren, had 
an exhibit of her work, 
"Layering Experience," at the 
Moss-Thorns Gallery of Art, 
Fort Hays State University, 
Hays, Kan., in April. Linda 
just received her MFA degree 
from Fort Hays. 

Earl Hess, a member of 
the Conestoga Church of the 
Brethren, Leola, Pa., has been 
named to the Governor's 
Commission for Children and 
Families by Pennsylvania 
governor Robert Casey. 


Everett Fasnacht, 78, of 

Sebring, Fla., died April 10. 
Everett and his wife, Joy, 
served as missionaries in 
India, 1940-1979. 

Truman Northup, 70, of 
Modesto, Calif., died April 
1 8. Truman served in several 
pastorates in his career, and 
was executive of Pacific 
Southwest District, 1969- 

Flora Hoover Bowman, 
102, Bridgewater, Va., died 
March 4. A 1909 graduate of 
Bridgewater College, she was 
the "first lady" of the school 
1918-1946, while her 
husband, Paul H. Bowman 
Sr., was president. 

June 1991 Messenger 3 

Hear! Hear! 

Ridgeway Community 

Church of the Brethren, in 
Harrisburg, Pa., offers 
worshipers with hearing 
impairment the opportunity 
to sit wherever in the 
sanctuary they please . . . and 
still hear the service. 
Ridgeway does it with an 

"Close to Home" highlights 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home," Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. 

Ruth Tune and Nathan 
Kinsey demonstrate 
Ridgeway' s auditory 
enhancement system. 

auditory enhancement system 
that uses the broadcasting 
part of its intercom system. 
Users either put a button in 
their ear or adjust their 
hearing aids to a telephone 
position. The broadcast is 
received in a box that users 
attach to their belt or wear 
around their neck. 

For the vision impaired, 
Ridgeway provides large- 
print bulletins and large-print 
copies of the hymns for the 
day's service. 

To accommodate wheel- 

chairs, the sanctuary has a 
section with movable chairs, 
so wheelchair users can sit 
with their families. 

Mighty accommodating, 
those Ridgeway folks. 

Nothing rustic here 

Mid- Atlantic District is going 
first-cIass with its new 
Shepherd's Spring Camp 
and Retreat Center, south of 
Hagerstown, Md. 
"It's not going to be all that 
rustic," explains Guy 
Wampler, Hagerstown pastor 
and chairman of the new 
camp ' s planning committee . 
"The kids of today's world 
don't enjoy sleeping bags and 
tents," Wampler adds. 

The first phase of camp- 
building began this spring. It 
calls for six cabins, a pavil- 
ion, a lodge with a dining hall 
seating 200 people, swim- 
ming pool, maintenance 
building, and roads. 

Located by a canal tow 
path and the Potomac River, 
the camp is just three miles 
from Antietam National 
Battlefield Park. Civil War 
artifacts have been discov- 

The camp pavilion is now 
under construction. 

ered on the property. A 200- 
year-old house on the camp 
property will be restored and 
become a heritage center, 
Wampler reports. 

Doing Charleston 

Thirteen teenagers from 
Leningrad, USSR, visited the 
West Charleston Church of 
the Brethren, Tipp City, 

t«5 • 


The Soviet visitors were 
given sweatshirts bearing a 
logo designed by artist 
Becky Bowman, a West 
Charleston member. 

Ohio, for a week in March. 
The experience grew out of a 
visit to the USSR last year by 
West Charleston members 
Fairy and Ken Bowman and a 
dream nurtured by a USSR 
tour guide. 

The USSR visitors stayed 
in West Charleston homes, 
visited local institutions and 
events, and participated in 
church life. They experienced 
their first church "carry -in" 
meal, among other unique 
encounters with US culture. 
One visitor said the really 
memorable thing about her 
experience was the love she 
felt from her Brethren hosts. 

4 Messenger June 1991 

Run with perseverance 

Lititz Church of the Brethren 
is holding its ninth annual 
■Run for Peace" June 8. Main 
event for the day is the 
1 0,000 meter run. Profits go 
to Juniata College's Peace 
and Conflict Studies pro- 

^Let's celebrate 

Spring Branch Church of 
the Brethren, near Wheatland, 
Mo., has celebrated its 
centennial. A 3 1 -page history 
was published in booklet 

Donnels Creek Church of 
the Brethren, North Hampton. 

Ohio, dedicated its new 
educational wing April 7. The 
wing comprises 10 class- 
rooms, a media center, 
restrooms, and a foyer. 

Mont Ida Church of the 
Brethren, Welda, Kan., has 
added a 49 ft. by 36 ft. 
fellowship hall/overflow 
room to its sanctuary. Three 
new classrooms are in the 

9,365 phone calls later 

When the new East Cocalico 
Church of the Brethren held 
its first service Easter 
Sunday, it had over 200 "new 
faces," thanks to a telemar- 
keting strategy involving 
9,365 phone calls made in 
February. The church, 
pastored by James Rhen, is in 

For more on telemarketing 
as a new-church planting 
strategy, see "Keeping the 
Phone Busy in Portland," 
May Messenger, page 40. 

Campus comments 

Bridgewater College's 

Brethren Student Fellowship 
dedicated a "peace pole" in 
front of the Alexander Mack 
Library on March 28. In the 
photo above are campus 
minister Robbie Miller, 

college president Wayne 
Geisert, students Hirotaka 
Namioka, Vipul Shah, Karen 
Click, Bitrus Balami. Laura 
Brunk, Morrison Satvedi, 
Darin Keith Bowman, 
professor David Metzler, and 
students Darla Kay Bowman, 
Roger Glick, and Steve Spire. 

Coiy Adamson took a USA Today honorable mention. 

Bridgewater College 

senior Cory Adamson 
received honorable mention 
from USA Today in an article 
saluting "the best and the 
brightest" students selected 
nationwide. Adamson, from 
Jackson's Gap, Ala., was 
student body president his 
junior and senior years, and 
editor of both the campus 
newspaper. Talon, and the 
college yearbook. Ripples. He 
also was a member of 
Brethren Student Fellowship. 

McPherson College 
hosted a Church of the 
Brethren Regional Youth 
Conference April 19-21, with 
about 75 Brethren youth 
attending. The conference 
featured fblksinger/guitarist 
Michael Kelley Blanchard. 

Manchester College, in its 
April 26 Hunger Relief Day 
observance, held a dinner to 
raise funds for a local "food 

Bridgewater College's 
1991 W. Harold Row Lecture 
featured former Costa Rica 
president Oscar Arias 
Sanchez. In his address, the 
1987 Nobel Peace Prize 
winner stated, "It is much 

easier to declare war than it is 
to achieve peace." 

Ashland Theological 
Seminary had among its 
May 1 8 graduates Toma 
Ragnjiya, M.A., former 

general secretary of 
Ekklesiyar ' Yanuv/a a 
Nigeria (Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria). 

Bridgewater College 
concluded its Hunger 
Awareness Week April 21 
with a "CROP Walk. " CROP 
was initiated by the Church 
of the Brethren to provide 
European relief after World 
War II. Its office opened in 
August 1947 at Bethany 
Seminary, in Chicago. CROP 
rapidly became a broad-based 
ecumenical agency. 

June 1991 Messenger 5 

Finances force Bethany 
to scale back program 

Bethany Seminary board members faced 
grim news at their April meeting: 
Without a drastic change in finances, the 
seminary can continue its present level 
of operation only two more years. 

While the perception across the church 
seems to be that Bethany is sitting on a 
goldmine, the facts are that cash is low 
and that income from the sale of land is 
probably vastly overrated. 

Budget figures presented by president 
Wayne L. Miller predicted a deficit of 
$1 million by 1997, given the same level 
of spending. Without the sale of prop- 
erty, the seminary cannot function in its 
present mode after June 30, 1994, he 

But the land is worth only about half 
of what a 1988 study estimated, accord- 
ing to the board's new consultant, Pete 
Pointner, head of Planning Resources 
Inc., Wheaton, 111. And, in today's 
market, there is no way the seminary 
will be paid in one lump sum, he said. 

In remarks at the beginning of the 
board meeting. Miller recommended that 
the board "decide on one priority 
program and do it well." 

What's needed is to "rebuild an 
institution that is fiscally viable, not just 
educationally viable," said Miller. "This 
has been a remarkable institution 
educationally. But it can be no better 
ultimately than the finances." 

Calling this "a turning point," Miller 
presented two options to the board: 
greatly reduce expenditures within one 
year, or close down and reopen in a few 
years, after income from the sale of land 
is realized. 

Board members agreed that they were 
committed to keeping the institution 

"The denomination should know that 
we need its support, and this board is 
devoted to the continuation of this 
seminary in whatever form we can 
continue it," summarized board member 
Marsha Hoover. 

The board decided that the 1992-1993 
budget will be balanced, and that the 
actions required to accomplish that will 

6 Messenger June 1 99 1 

Members of the Schwarzenau Heritage Society were welcomed to the church q 

the Brethren General Offices in Elgin, III., with an all-staff reception April 2. The 
group of 41 citizens of Schwarzenau, Germany, where the Church of the Brethren got 
its start, visited Elgin on a tour of the US that included places of historical interest to^ 
the Brethren and other Anabaptists. The group was hosted by Brethren families. 

be done "on a cooperative and voluntary 
basis." In other words, chairman Clyde 
Shallenberger explained later, the 
administration and faculty would take 
advantage of retirements and other 
attrition to pare down, rather than the 
board mandating the cuts. 

Approval of the 1991-1992 budget 
was delayed until July, following 
program cuts to reduce operating 

The board also spent considerable 
time working on the relocation of the 

A site selection task force was 
established, given guidance, and asked 
to report in July. The relocation must 
enable the seminary to maintain a strong 
witness to the Church of the Brethren 
understanding of the Anabaptist/Pietist 
faith, said the board. It also placed 
priority on relocating in an area that is 
urban and has many Brethren congrega- 

Another committee was set up to 
explore the possibility of a "satellite" 
campus in Pennsylvania, based on the 
heavy concentration of Brethren there 
and their interest in such a site. 

The land sale task force will follow up 
consultant Pointner' s report with the 
next steps required to market the 

In other business: 

— Wayne Miller has agreed to remain 
as president full-time through 1991 and 

half-time through June 1992; 

— Kaysa McAdams was hired as 
business manager; 

— approval was given to a one-year 
program that would result in a Certifi- 
cate of Achievement in Theological 

— the board discussed the work of a 
committee examining the future of the 
rural/small membership church; 

— the name of the board was changed 
from board of directors to board of 
trustees to better reflect the members' 

— in a change in the bylaws, board 
associates were made full board mem- 

— approval was given to solicit by 
mail 1 ,000 people to fund the program 
that provides free tuition to Brethren 
students. — Wendy Chamberlain 

Church of the Brethren: Is a 
change of name in order? 

A request to study changing the name of 
the Church of the Brethren will come to 
Standing Committee this year at Annual 

After last year's Mid-Atlantic district 
conference turned down a Washington 
(D.C.) City church query on changing 
the name of the denomination, the query 

'as presented to the officers of Annual 
onference with a request that it be sent 
) Standing Committee. The query was 
;nt with affirmation from the Washing- 
)n City church and was signed by more 
lan 30 other Brethren individuals and 
roups reflecting a mix of people from 
;ross the denomination. 
"In our history we have been known as 
le Neue Taufers (New Baptists), 
ierman Baptists, German Baptist 
rethren, and Church of the Brethren," 
le query states. "We believe it is time 
nee again to consider our name. With 
langes in language and changes in 
nderstanding of the roles of male and 
;male, would there be a name that 
ould better facilitate mission, that 
ould be inclusive of both brothers and 
sters?" the statement asks. 

letwork explores sexuality 
isue, supports homosexuals 

. "Supportive Congregations Network" 
as been formed of Mennonite and 
rethren churches that wish to explore 
le issue of homosexuality in the church 
id that support gay. lesbian, and 
isexual members. The network has 
;en formed "in line with denomina- 
onal statements encouraging dialog on 
lis question," the group said in a press 

People supportive of the Brethren and 
lennonite Council for Lesbian and Gay 
oncems (BMC) initiated the network, 
lit it is separate from the BMC, said the 
lennonite network committee chair- 
oman Norma Goertzen. She said the 
Jtwork already has three dozen congre- 
itions on its list, including eight 
rethren churches. "We're trying to 
tract others that might be interested," 
le said. 

Member churches may fall into three 
itegories: exploring congregations, 
iterested in the issue but only beginning 
iscussion of the topic; accepting 
ingregations, prepared to accept gay, 
sbian, and bisexual members; and 
Tirming congregations, prepared to 
.ke on public advocacy in support of 

homosexual and bisexual people in the 

The Brethren member of the three- 
person committee is Deanna Brown, 
pastor of the Skyridge church in 
Kalamazoo, Mich. She is planning an 
informal gathering at Annual Conference 
in July to meet with Brethren wanting 
in-depth exploration of the issue of 
sexuality in their congregations. She will 
also make available a resource packet 
from the Supportive Congregations 

Christians and Jews issue 
joint post-war statement 

The National Council of Churches and 
the Union of American Hebrew Congre- 
gations, a Reform Jewish group, have 
issued a joint statement in the aftermath 
of the Gulf war. 

"We are relieved that the armed 
conflict in the gulf region has ended but 

must state categorically that there is 
little cause for jubilation," the statement 

The statement came out of a meeting 
of NCC and UAHC leaders March 26. 
UAHC leaders called for the meeting, 
after objecting to an NCC general board 
resolution of November 15 linking the 
Iraqi invasion of Kuwait with Israel's 
Occupied Territories. 

In the statement, both groups joined in 
a hope that "Israel's neighbors will 
recognize her legitimate right to exist 
within peaceful and internationally 
recognized borders" and "that the 
Palestinian people and all others must be 
assured of their full human rights by all 
the states of the region. 

"The realization that our government 
was able to quickly finance and mount a 
campaign to turn back Iraq's aggression 
against Kuwait forces us to consider why 
the pain and suffering of our own land 
have not been addressed with equal 
determination and will," the statement 

Brethren respond to war's aftermath with olive branch 

In response to continued need for relief brought on by the gulf war, the Church of the 
Brethren has taken special initiative to raise $150,000 toward a Church World Service 
"Olive Branch" appeal of $1.25 million. Brethren have already given $52,000 to the 

Although the Brethren appeal will continue throughout the year, congregations are 
encouraged to choose their own kickoff date for collecting a special love offering. 

David Radcliff, church peace consultant, said education and service components 
are part of the Brethren initiative that go beyond the monetary appeal. Through the 
provision of study and reflection resources, it is hoped churches will look at "what 
new light scripture can bring" to understanding and interpreting peacemaking and to 
"speak to questions the war has been raising," said Radcliff. 

The church is also seeking opportunities for persons to be involved through the 
sending of Brethren relief workers, and through church activities such as "Children to 
Children" in Bible school and summer camps, said Merv Keeney, Africa/Middle East 

The olive branch symbolism, which CWS latched onto at the February World 
Council of Churches Assembly in Canberra, Australia, "offers a symbol which 
Christians can claim," said Keeney. The dove and the branch, images derived from the 
flood stories in the Old Testament, are "symbols of renewal and of divinely bestowed 
new life following destruction." 

Already there is much interest from church members wishing to respond to the 
crisis. At the Southeastern Regional Youth Roundtable held in April in Bridgewater, 
Va., the 335 participants collected $2,000 to donate toward the appeal — well above 
their normal $300 offering. 

June 1991 Messenger 7 

Brethren couple goes to work 
in Liberia, church sends aid 

Ralph and Flossie Royer, who worked in 
Africa for the Church of the Brethren for 
35 years, have returned to do relief work 
in Liberia. The country has been 
decimated by a civil war. 

The couple are working through the 
National Council of Churches' Church 
World Service agency. Ralph will plan 
logistics for relief teams and Flossie will 
seek medical work. 

The Church of the Brethren recently 
gave $20,000 in response to Liberia's 
ongoing need for food, clothing, and 
medicine. The war has displaced almost 
half the population and 50,000 lives 
have been lost. 

Two disaster grants totaling $25,000 
have recently been given for relief in 
Sudan. A $20,000 grant was given to 
buy supplies for three hospitals in a 
region of southern Sudan where goods 
were stolen by retreating government 
soldiers. Another $5,000 was given to 
assist refugees without shelter while on 
their way home to southern Sudan. 

Other disaster grants include: 

— $12,500 for food and medicine in 
Bulgaria, where political changes have 
created a severe economic crisis; 

— $3,000 for food and aid following 
the February earthquake and flooding 
along the Afghanistan/Pakistan border; 

— $2,000 to boost a relief program 
providing food and financial assistance 
to farmworkers in California following 
the December freeze; 

— $2,000 to cover costs of the work of 
eight volunteers doing clean-up follow- 
ing a severe ice storm in Rochester, NY. 

Bethany, Northern Ohio 
announce retirements 

Effective July 1 , Floyd McDowell will 
retire from 32 years of service as 
director of development for Bethany 
Seminary. McDowell may continue on 
quarter time as consultant. 

Gordon Bucher, Northern Ohio 
District executive, will retire Septem- 

8 Messenger June 1 99 1 

Fl('\d Ml Dm ell Gordon Bucher 

ber 1. His 33 years 
serving as DE is 
the longest tenure 
of any district 
executive. Bucher 
began as executive 
for Northeastern 
Thomas Zuercher Ohio in 1958. For 

two years he also served as the executive 
in Northwestern Ohio until the two 
districts merged in 1963. 

Thomas L. Zuercher has accepted 
the Northern Ohio District executive 
position beginning September 1 . Pastor 
of the Mount Pleasant church in North 
Canton, Ohio, Zuercher is currently a 
member of the General Board. 

'Families 2000' looks 
at changes in families 

Changes in American families was the 
focus of a "Families 2000" conference 
attended by over 700 church leaders. 

Sponsored by the National Council of 
Churches, the April 10-14 conference 
brought together people from more than 
20 US and Canadian denominations. 
Brethren participants included Don 
Booz, Brethren representative to the 
NCC's Commission on Family Ministry 
and Human Sexuality; Nancy Knepper, 
Outdoor Ministries Association staff; 
Judith Kipp, Program for Women staff; 
and Steve Reid, a seminar presenter for 
the conference. 

With the help of speakers Ofelia 
Ortega, pastor of the Presbyterian- 
Reformed Church of Cuba, and Virginia 
Ramey MoUenkott, Christian feminist 
and professor at William Paterson Col- 
lege, and through Bible study, worship, 
music, seminars, small groups, and 
multimedia presentations, participants 
sought new ways to respond to the mas- 
sive changes in family life patterns. 
Among changes are today's high rates of 
divorce and remarriage, the large num- 
bers of homes headed by single parents 
or in which both parents work outside 

the home, and the oppression of abuse, 
violence, poverty, racism, and sexism. 

One participant summarized the 
concerns of the churches, "We have 
structures and programs with the 
anticipations of the '50s, but we have th< 
problems of the '90s." The conference 
has provided resources to respond to the 
fundamental issues and has given the 
American denominations a foundation 
for future discussions and programs. 

"The Church of the Brethren can be at 
the forefront of family issues and it 
should be our mission," Steve Reid said. 
"The future of the family rests not on 
our ability to define family constella- 
tions but rather our openness to the dif- 
ferent types of families that now exist. 

"The Church of the Brethren needs to 
make sure that we take care of the 
people we have in the church by 
addressing the tough questions that 
surround the real needs and pains within 
our families," he added. — Don Booz 

'Discernment committee' 
loses and gains member 

John Park, pastor of the Central Evan 
gelical Church of the Brethren in Los 
Angeles, Calif., has resigned from the 
new Korea "discernment team" (see 
May, page 7). "Since the initial meeting 
of the team, John Park felt it necessary 
to resign from the group," said staff for 
Korea David Radcliff. 

Park's place will be filled by Dan 
Kim, a Korean Brethren pastor from 
Calabasas, Calif., who also serves the 
denomination as consultant for Korean 
ministry in the US. 


1991 women's conference 
celebrates gifts, giving 

A national Church of the Brethren 
women's event sponsored by the 
church's Program for Women will be 
held August 1 -4 on the campus of 
Elizabethtown (Pa.) College. The theme 
is "Gifts and Giving" and the purpose is 





i'he "Olive Branch" effort of the National Council of Churches 
as airlifted aid to victims of the Gulf war and the Kurdish refugees— 
lankets and heavy clothing and $300,000 fonwarded to the Middle 
ast Council of Churches. MECC general secretary Gabriel Habib 
aid the "survival of the fittest" situation for the Kurds is "tragic in the 
nort-term and potentially catastrophic in the long-term," estimating 
lat the situation might last six months to two years. 

The MECC, working with Turkish Christians to plan for long-term 
eeds of the thousands of Kurds now in camps, is also working with 
yrian Orthodox volunteers, and has set up a five-member team in 
Dutheast Turkey to unload and deliver relief supplies. In Baghdad, 
CC Middle East director Dale Bishop said distribution of medicine is 
problem and that "surgery has become a medieval exercise." 

"So long as white minority rule prevails, we will keep 
ressing banks and corporations to stop all business with South 
frica," said Tim Smith, head of the Interfaith Center for Corporate 
esponsibility, which with the National Council of Churches and the 
S Catholic bishops, has indicated that a call for an end to sanctions 
ill come only when the South African churches issue such a call. The 
outh African Council of Churches, the South African Roman Catholic 
ishops, and the African National Congress want sanctions kept in 
lace until more progress has been made toward dismantling 
partheid, Religious News Service reported. 

A new Bible version is aimed at "hearing" the word. The 
ontemporary English Version (CEV) New Testament is designed for 
stter understanding when read aloud. Issued by the American Bible 
ociety and Thomas Nelson Publishers, it is the result of nearly six 
sars of work by 100 people including biblical authorities, translators, 
fid English language specialists. The complete CEV Bible is 
:heduled for publication in 1996. An illustrated children's version is 
ue next fall. 

Kurdish refugee children wait in the trunk of a car to cross into Turl(ey 
from Iraq. The Church World Service agency is helping provide relief 

Human rights violations in Guatemala are chronicled in a 
first report from the Roman Catholic Church's fledgling human rights 
office in Guatemala, which plans to produce yearly reports. The report 
includes statistics, interviews with victims, and photographs. Coordi- 
nator Monsignor Juan Jose Gerardi said it is not intended to be a 
critique of the military or government, but to provoke thought and 
encourage change. 

Habitat for Humanity has built io,ooo houses, in April the 
ecumenical housing ministry begun in 1976 dedicated its 10,000th 
house in Atlanta, Ga., and its 10,001st in Ghana. 

) "recognize and share our gifts with 
ne another." 

Keynote speaker Celia Allison Hahn is 
ditor-in-chief and coordinator of the 
ublication Management Team of the 
Jban Institute, an ecumenical research 
gency focusing on the congregation. 
Contact Judith Kipp, Program for 
/omen, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
0120; or call (800) 323-8039. 

ninisterial committee meets, 
lys groundwork for goals 

he eight-member Committee on 
linisterial Leadership, created at 
innual Conference last year, met for the 

first time March 15-17 at church 
headquarters in Elgin, 111. 

During the five years for which the 
committee has been appointed, members 
will review denominational practice and 
procedures for calling, searching for, and 
placing personnel in pastoral and 
denominational staff positions; review 
Brethren theology and practice of 
ordination; develop strategies for calling 
and forming quality ministerial leader- 
ship and maintaining current leadership; 
and consider ways to ease financial 
burdens incurred by training ministers. 

Members include Warren Groff, 
former Bethany Seminary president; 
Elaine Sollenberger, former Annual 
Conference moderator; Jan Eller, 
Oregon-Washington District executive; 

Joyce Hicks, General Board member; 
pastors Guillermo Encamacion, John 
Park, and Craig Myer; and former pastor 
Mary Jessup. 

Members were selected from a slate 
jointly prepared by Annual Conference 
officers, the General Board, and Bethany 
Seminary. John Cassel of Bethany has 
been asked to serve as observer and 
General Board consultant for ministry 
Bob Faus is the staff liaison for the 

"About every decade, the church 
works on ministry in a serious way," 
said Faus. "This committee has the 
potential for being one of those signifi- 
cant contributors." 

The committee is expected to report to 
Standing Committee in July. 

June 1991 Messenger 9 

Singled out 


by Rosalita J. Leonard 

I once attended a singles retreat where 
an entire evening was spent trying to 
think of a definition or a substitute name 
for the word single. Although aware that 
the church sometimes has difficulty 
identifying us (widowed, divorced, 
single parents, and even life-time older 
singles often get left out when planning 
events for singles), I had not realized 
that we didn't know who we were, or 
that we viewed the name as negative. 

To be single, whether that state is 
chosen or thrust upon us, is neither 
inherently bad nor good. But because we 
singles have such very mixed feelings 
about what it means to be single, it is 
hard to give generic suggestions to the 
church for how to relate to us. 

But at least start with the assumption 
that the long-term singles within the 
church are either happy as singles or 

10 Messenger June 1991 

have adjusted to it even if it has not been 
their choice. It is not the role of the 
church to pity, patronize, or pray for 
partners for its singles. It is probably not 
the role of the church to provide well- 
organized activities for singles, although 
such activities should be encouraged if 
the singles seek them. 

Most singles who wish to be involved 
in the church can find a place to work 
within its structure. Our churches are not 
so blind as to refuse the gifts of any 
individual. All right, I acknowledge that 
may not be true for many, for a variety 
of prejudices or petty reasons. But that is 
an issue broader than singles. For the 
most part, singles can find places to 
work in the life of the church. More to 
the point is what place the church will 
find in the life of the single. More 
important than providing program for 
singles, the role of the church is to 
identify the unique qualities of its 

singles and to be sensitive to these ' 
qualities. I \ 

One of the greatest needs of the sinpi 
especially in this day when the extende*: 
family is usually scattered, is the need 
for family. The Brethren are very famil; 
oriented, and this orientation can either: 
draw singles in or set them firmly on thi 
outside of the circle. As a single, I needj 
that family to include me. I need to 
know that a "family night" will not 
mean I will sit by myself for a game orl 
that my "family" that night will consistit 
only of other singles. As a single, I nee( 
to have a family that invites me to their 
tablecloth at the church picnic or who 
accepts when I invite them to my 
tablecloth. I need church sisters who 
remember my birthday. I need church i 
brothers who will tease me when I get o 
one of my soapboxes. 

In short, I need people who know me 
very, very well. I need people with 

Unintentional hurt 

Esther Frey's husband. Orlin. died in 
1970. She had three children, the oldest 
ready for college 
and the youngest in 
junior high. 
■'In many 
respects the church 
has been support- 
ive," says Esther, 
but she still felt 
isolated at the Mount Morris (111.) 
church. She tells of a Sunday school 
party where tables were set for four. She 
was asked to go through the food line 
first, filled her plate, and sat down. 
Another widow came and sat with her, 
but the others — couples — sat at other 
tables. "During the meal we were 
completely isolated. I felt that very 
keenly." Now, at potlucks, "I've found it 
wise to go last" because she has ob- 

served that if she sits down before 
others, families will sit elsewhere. 

"People don't intend to cut us out," 
she says, remembering a district meeting 
in which a General Board staff member 
talked about nurturing small groups. 
(Esther has served Illinois/Wisconsin 
District in various capacities, including 
that of moderator.) The man made 
comments such as, "It doesn't take more 
than four or five couples." Finally she 
asked, " 'You've been talking about 
couples. What are you going to do about 
those of us who are uncoupled?' His 
mouth dropped open. I almost laughed," 
she remembers. "He said, 'I never 
thought about that." " 

"I'm sure what the church does to hurt 
us single people is not intentional," she 
says. "But I find that to be a full mem- 
ber, I have had to put forth the major 
part of the effort." — C. C. 

whom to develop intimacy. Intimacy is a 
word denoting such closeness that we 
often talk of it only as available between 
husband and wife or between lovers. But 
intimacy is more than sexual, and 
psychologists assure us that everyone, 
married or single, needs intimacy with 
persons of both sexes. I would like those 
people with whom I develop intimacy to 
be people within the faith community. 

Intimacy involves having people who 
can sense when I am feeling down. It 
involves having someone to call when I 

get back from a trip. It includes knowing 
there is someone who will rescue me 
when my car runs out of gas. But one- 
way intimacy cannot be sustained. I 
must be needed as well. Sometimes 
church people are willing to do anything 
in the world for the church singles 
except to lean on them. 

Actually, effective interaction between 
the singles and married of the church 
relies as much on our action as on yours. 
We must allow people to know who we 
are. We must admit our need of the 
church family and must act as brothers 
and sisters ourselves. There is no reason 
we cannot initiate the extended families. 
I can reach for a baby, invite a child to 
go to McDonald's, or visit an adopted 
aunt in a nursing home. A district family 
camp I know of has a "family" that al- 
ways attends, composed of several sin- 
gles, a young married couple or two, a 
(continued on page 12) 

Being single is okay 

"The Church of the Brethren expresses a 
lot of acceptance and affirmation as far 
as my pastoral credibility goes," says 
Rodney Caldwell, 
pastor of the 
Freeport (111.) 

Although he 
feels the Freeport 
church has affirmed 
him as a single 
pastor, he is still discovering some of the 
unique aspects of his situation. "One of 
the positive things is that I have a lot 
more freedom" to attend conferences 
and other events than many pastors with 
families have. But a big issue for his 
church, he thinks, is having a pastor who 
dates. People keep wondering if he is 
going to get married soon. 

Among negative aspects is the fact 
that "there are some people who are a 
little uncomfortable" with a single 
pastor. Some attitudes he has encoun- 
tered include a view that singles are not 
as settled or secure as married people, an 
assumption that every single person 
wants to get married, the attitude that 
single people are not as responsible as 
married people, and, in the church, a 
feeling that singles need to be shunted 
into separate programs. Rodney would 
rather be included in the mainstream. 

"I've gained a lot" through being 
single, he says. "We need to affirm that 
being single is okay, that it's not just a 
transition thing. I think the Church of the 
Brethren is concerned about these issues 
and is doing a good job," but he wants 
Brethren to be aware that most people go 
through a time of singleness in their 
lives, and the church needs to help them 

As part of our faith, he adds, we have 
to affirm that contentment comes from 
the primary relationship with Christ, "in 
whatever situation we find ourselves." 
— C. C. 

June 1 99 1 Messenger 1 1 

Taking a risk 

The singles program at the Bear 
Creek church in Dayton, Ohio, 
started in 1989 with a conversation 
between Sheila Shumaker and pastor 
Andrew Wright. Sheila "came to me and 
said, 'I really have a burden for singles,' 
being single herself," says Andrew. She 
had tried different singles groups in the 
Dayton area, but "they weren't what I 
wanted," Sheila remembers. At one 
singles retreat she ran into other Breth- 
ren, and they decided they needed their 
own program. 

Andrew took Sheila's dreams and 
ideas to the Bear Creek board. "She 
wanted the freedom to see what she 
could do, and we gave her that free- 
dom," he says. The result has been 
"Single Image," a program that now 
serves about 35-40 active participants. 

Single Image has three focuses. Sheila 
says: fellowship, "talk-it-overs" or Bible 
studies on issues of concern to singles, 
and outreach to the community. The 
outreach "has worked out really well," 
she says. "Those activities have been the 
glue, have bound us together." 

The first outreach project was an 
evening of child care for parents in the 
church. It was a success, and this past 
Christmas the group did child care at 
three churches in the area. And married 
parents have returned the favor by 
providing child care at singles meetings. 
The group has also visited nursing 
homes. Its next service project is to work 
at a farm that takes in children and 
shows them what farm life is like. 

Ages range from 19 to "we don't even 
ask how old," Sheila says, and now 
seven non-Brethren churches are 
represented. "Fairly early on, folk began 
to appear from other Brethren congrega- 
tions," Andrew says. "I think because 
there was no attention paid to single 
people." He has encouraged participants 
who are not from Bear Creek to work 
within their own churches on singles 
issues, and they avoid planning Single 
Image activities on Sundays so as not to 
conflict with activities at other churches. 

Sheila has "been really pleased" with 

12 Messenger June 1991 

how the Bear Creek congre- 
gation has accepted the singles 
group. "Once they recognized the need, 
they were willing to open up. They were 
very open to changing the way they do 

Andrew says the new emphasis on 
single people was a shock to the church. 
"We didn't really understand what the 
viewpoint of the singles was," he says. 
The church began to realize that habits 
such as using family-oriented curriculum 
materials, and seating single people by 
themselves at Sunday services, were not 
welcoming. "I was guilty of that too," he 
says, "until it was pointed out. I just 
didn't realize." 

Both Andrew and Sheila are impressed 
by the size of the single population in 
the US. Sheila quotes a 1986 Wall Street 
Journal article: 46 percent of the adult 
population was single in 1985. A 
Leadership magazine article of January 
1991 projects that by the year 2000 a 
majority of adults — 5 1 percent — will be 
single. "I know it's true," Sheila says, 
"because I look around in my workplace 
and they are there. And then I look 
around in the pews. . . . Where are 

WTiat keeps singles out of the church? 
"A lot of times singles are defensive, 
and a lot of times couples are defen- 
sive," Sheila says. There is a concept 
that singles are "in the hallway of life 
waiting for a door to open up. But 
they're not, they're in the living room of 
life," she says. "They're ready to join 
church activities now. Attitudes on both 
sides need to change. People need to be 
aware of what their attitude is. Singles 
programs are great, but they're in 
addition to the regular learning" in a 

"I think the church generally, and 
married people in the church, needn't be 
threatened by single people," says 
Andrew. He thinks single people have 
been afraid that if they "make a noise" 
the church will turn away. "Single Image 
has empowered people to stand up and 
be themselves — which is always a heck 
of a risk." — Cheryl Cayford 

Singled out (continued) 
couple of babies, and sometimes a set o 
grandparents. I cherish a support group 
that consists of a college student, a i 
woman in her 70s whose shared wisdor 
includes the rich experience of serving 
beside her pastor husband, and three of 
us somewhere in the middle. We five 
have become sisters in spite of the near 
six-decade span of our actual ages. 

My first inclination was to begin this; 
article with a sampling of outrageous 
anecdotes regarding the church and 
singles but I decided I'd rather be more 
positive. But let me cite just a few of 
these examples, lest some reader think 
that there really is no problem between 
the church and the single. 

On Valentine's Day a pastor, wishing 
"to honor all those in love," asked all 
the married couples to stand, then said, 
"I guess that's just about everybody," 
although several had remained seated. 

A Sunday school that divided even it 
adults by age group, called its first clas 
beyond the youth class, the "Young 
Married People's Class." Some Sunda; 
school attenders remained "youth" well 
into their 30s until a non-marital status 
specific class became available. Other 
Sunday schools have adopted names 
such as "Pairs and Spares," as if it wen 
necessary to identify marital status to b 
part of a class. 

A pastor was taught in seminary that 
he should never touch a single parishio 

er of the opposite sex for anything but 
handshake, not even a hand on the 
shoulder, with the possible exception o 
a new widow and not even then if the 
widow were young. To be single 
apparently is to be morally dangerous I 
(continued on page 14) 

Talk about it 

In the Baltimore (Md.) First church, 
Barbara Cuffie feels "affirmed as a 
person, and it doesn't hinge on being 

single or married." 

As a General 
Board member who 
has had involve- 
ments in the church 
at all levels, and as 
a professional 
woman: chief of the 
security and integrity branch of 
Baltimore's Social Security headquar- 
ters: she has noticed barriers to single 
people in the church — lack of opportu- 
nity for social interaction; hesitancy to 
talk about sexuality; a bias against 
divorced people; and the barrier of race. 
"We need to talk about those things," 
she says, as well as society's deep-seated 
fear of the intermingling of races. 

The Brethren also need to be aware 
that "in the church there are many more 
women than there are men." The men 
who are over 35 in general "are either 
there with their wives or are widowed." 
Older single men have to face suspicion 
of homosexuality or be subjected to 

endless matchmaking, "and that's 
bothersome to me." Women are not as 
often suspected of homosexuality, she 
points out. 

"It's as if the church doesn't affirm 
singleness. . . . Sometimes I think we 
haven't learned how to be single either." 
She gives an example of churches 
celebrating wedding anniversaries, with 
no equivalent in single life. Why not 
celebrate the number of years a single 
person has been successfully employed 
and independent? 

She feels fortunate in her congrega- 
tion, which is not judgmental and 
accepts people for who they are. But that 
can also be bad, she says, because 
people sometimes are weighed down 
with guilt (for not being celibate, for 
example) and are not encouraged to 
address the causes or be comforted by 
the redemptive love of Christ. 

"I felt a lot of support from church 
members as I went through my divorce," 
she says. But the church was not as good 
at supporting her husband. "There was 
not the kind of reaching out that was 
necessary to keep both of us in 
church." — C. C. 


Being a single young adult is "kind of a 
double-edged sword," says Nat Bryan of 
the Pleasant Dale church in Decatur, Ind. 
"You have the 
freedom to get 
involved in other 
functions, but you 
don't have a lot of 

Having just 
finished a master's 
program in social work, with plans to 
join Brethren Volunteer Service in 
September, Nat says it is "tough to be 
involved and connected with the church 
as a young adult. In some ways it's not 
like you really belong." 

He has returned for a year to his 
congregation after being away at college 

and work. People have changed, and 
gotten married. He counsels the youth 
group, is involved in a young adult class, 
and has helped start a Bible study. 

"In a way I've given up on my own 
church" to make changes and tp address 
some issues that he feels are important — 
for example, sending volunteers to BVS 
or addressing peace issues. "For me the 
Young Adult Conference was fantastic" 
because it provided a "sense of support 
that I don't always get around here." He 
looks to programs outside the congrega- 
tion, like camp, the young adult pro- 
gram, and BVS, for opportunities to 
continue growing. 

"I'm trying to reinvest. I feel like I can 
do a little more if I reinvest in the youth 
and encourage them to be involved by 
being involved myself." — C. C. 

Just a lull? 

Attendance at the Illinois/Wisconsin 
District singles retreats has gone up and 
down over the years. A small group of 
only seven or eight gathered for the most 
recent retreat in April. 

"Part of the problem is getting the 
information out," says Gail Clark, the 
district board's liaison to the singles 
program and one of the organizers of the 
retreats. The district sends information 
to churches but some don't pass it on to 
their members, she says. 

Gail has always enjoyed the retreats, 
which have been held twice a year 
recently. "When I get there I forget 
about my work and the stresses and 
strains of life," she says. "They're very 
relaxed, leisurely," with time for 
relaxation as well as worship built on 
sharing from the group and a speaker 
and discussion of a theme. She is 
disappointed to see the attendance drop 
so low after some years of high interest. 

"We keep hoping to get some new 
blood in," Gail says. She thinks that as 
men are in the minority at the retreats, 
some may be dissuaded from attending. 
But the usual group of participants is 
congenial, she says, with a mixture of 
ages — people in their 30s to 70s. The 
mix has enhanced the gatherings. 

The consensus at the April retreat was 
that they should consider cutting down 
to one retreat a year, she says. Perhaps a 
one -evening event or a sightseeing trip 
to Chicago would be more successful. In 
any case, the future of the program is up 
for discussion. She has been told not to 
lose hope. From past experience, this 
may just be a lull, and interest may rise 
again in the future. — C. C. 

June 1991 Messenger 13 

Inclusiveness is key 

About one-third of those active in the 
Good Shepherd Fellowship in 
Blacksburg, Va., are single, says pastor 
Marianne Pittman. And most of the 
single people are young adults, as the 
church is in a university community. 
Turnover is rapid. "It is not really 
uncommon for there to be as many as a 
fourth that would leave" in any given 
year, out of an attendance of 45-55 

The fellowship is unique in that only 
one member has extended family in the 
community and no one has extended 
family within the congregation. No 
aunts, uncles, grandparents, or cousins. 
Marianne says this makes it easy to be 
welcoming to single people. 

But single members who move away 
often have a hard time establishing 
themselves in another place, Marianne 
has noticed. "I think this is one way the 
Church of the Brethren loses many. 

many people." At the fellowship, "we 
try to make that linkage for them," she 
says, by providing names of contacts and 

An inclusive attitude is key, says 
Marianne, who cringes at the terms 
"family" Bible camp and "family" 
Memorial Day camp. By the word 
choice, some people are set aside. The 
church has to be intentionally inclusive, 
she says. "So much of society right now 
is single, and if the church doesn't 
provide a warm place there is much of 
society we're not reaching." — C. C. 

The bottom line 

"The issue with being a single female is 
that it's scary for some people to see an 
independent woman taking a lot of 
authority," says Zandra Wagoner, a 
Bethany Seminary student from La 
Verne, Calif. "I'm breaking a traditional 

Although she says there is often a 
place on church boards or committees 
PI .^^Hl^^ IT reserved for a single 
person, "there's not 
a structural place 
for single people in 
) v^ ^M the church. 

Churches do have 
singles groups, but 
churches are family 
oriented. The definition of family 
doesn't always include a single adult." 
"We don't fit into the church struc- 
ture," she says, "because the church is 
built on family relationships. That's the 
bottom line." — C. C. 

Singled out (continued) 
the pastor. 

Here are a few specific suggestions for 
dealing with me and perhaps other 

• Do not presume that I am merely 
marking time till marriage. Whether I 
ever marry or not, I am doing more right 
now than marking time. 

• Do not assure me that somewhere 
God has the right man for me, and I will 
find him when the time is right. I am 
more firmly grounded in reality than 
that. Time magazine has assured me that 
there is a greater chance that I will be 
killed by a terrorist than that I will 
marry. Either is possible. Neither is 

• If you see me infrequently, say only 
at Annual Conference, do not inquire if I 
have married yet. I promise I will let you 
know if I have. 

• Do not be afraid to touch me. I must 
rely on you for my hugs or even for a 
handclasp. If we do indeed need 1 2 hugs 
a day to be healthy, as Leo Buscaglia 
assures us we do, many singles are in 
trouble. I may not experience that many 

1 4 Messenger June 1 99 1 

hugs in a month. 

• Do not be offended if I do not 
initially respond to touch. I may not be 
used to it. I may not be comfortable with 
it. (Please note this is an editorial "I." 
The personal "I" has no trouble with 
hugs . . . anymore.) 

• Call me by name when you see me. 
Persons without a spouse, especially 
elderly persons, may go for days without 
hearing their own name. 

• Do not refer to my sister and me as 
the "Leonard girls." We are Linda and 
Rosalita, all grown up. 

• Do not price things cheaper for a 
couple than for two singles unless it is 
clear that a couple can be any two 

• Do not express surprise that I climb 
ladders to change light bulbs or that a 
male single cooks. We singles are 
seldom helpless. 

• Do not presume that your children or 
grandchildren will marry. Help them to 
be aware of the many single adults they 
know and help them to see them in a 
positive light. 

• Include single role models in Sunday: 
school curricula or sermons and let them 
sometimes be something other than a 
missionary nurse. But remember that thci 
line "She gave up family to serve the i 
Lord" can be overdone or incorrect. i 

• Be patient if I talk a lot. I may not 
have talked to anyone from the time I 
left work last night till I got back this i 
morning. Actually, last night I answered 
two phone calls — both wrong numbers. : 

• Be patient if I don't talk at all. 
Sometimes I forget how. A couple of 
caring questions might get me started. 

• Do not blatantly matchmake. Do noti 
however, forget to introduce me to your I 
friends, and family, whether single or 

• Because I am happy single, do not 
presume that I am anti-men, or have 
somehow found the basic sexual urge 
less strong than you, or that I am gay. 
Accept me as a sexual being much like 

• Be willing to allow me to struggle 
with issues of celibacy and sexual 
intimacy without implying by your 

A lonely place 

'If I weren't a pastor, I don't know if I'd 
"ind as much for myself in the church," 
says Christy Waltersdorff, minister for 
Christian nurture at 
the Westminster 
(Md.) church. 

She has noticed 
that churches are 
family-oriented and 
tend not to think 
about singles. But 
'our whole society has a hard time 
iealing with singles," she adds. She has 
"ound support in her church where 
Tiembers have offered their help and 
:ompanionship, but being single is still 
'a lonely place. It's hard to develop a 
support system as a pastor in the first 
5lace, and doubly so as a single person." 

She has also heard from friends — 
jther single pastors — "who have had 
iifficulty finding jobs because people 
hink they're gay." 

silence that the problem must not exist 
3r by your quick answers that the 
problem is easily solved or suppressed. 

• Do not presume that because I do not 
lave family responsibilities that I have 
inlimited time to do church projects. I 
Nork, take care of a home, and try to put 
n the time necessary to make relation- 
ships work just as my married sisters do. 

Being single is part of who I am. It 
nust be understood to understand me, 
3ut it is no more an important part of 
who I am than the fact that I am a 
ivoman, a former missionary teacher, a 
ibrary tech, and a grouch in the mom- 
ng. What is important is that I have 
people who do know me well and care 
ibout me as an individual. Because I am 
single I may have to work a little harder 
;o become known by others because I do 
lot have the built-in intimacy of 
lusband and children. I count on the 
;hurch to be available for the 
building of such intimacy. 


Rosalita J. Leonard is a library technician in the 
brethren Historical Library and Archives, Elgin, 111. 

She believes "there's something 
special" at church for single ydung 
adults, and she senses that those in their 
20s and 30s who don't attend will come 
back when they are ready. She is also 
trying to figure out how to reach college 
students in the area, but she doesn't 
worry about it. 

"I'm not into gimmicks" to try to lure 
people back to the church, she says. 
"When it's important to them, they'll be 
back."— C. C. 

98-percent single 

The denomination's young adult 
program "is not designed around 
singles," says General Board staff for 
youth and young adult ministry Chris 
Michael. However, "in actual practice a 
good deal of it gets oriented that way," 
she says. 

Attendance at the annual Young Adult 
Conference is "98 percent" single, she 
says, and it "ends up being a singles 
event." The young adult newsletter The 
Bridge also serves mostly singles. At 
young adult workcamps the majority are 
single, but at a recent workcamp in 
Nigeria the group included four married 
people — a couple and two who came 
without their spouses. 

Chris is beginning a new project this 
fall to train church leaders to reach 
young adults. The training will specifi- 
cally address the different needs of 
single and married young adults, as well 
as the needs of different ages within the 
"young adult" category of 18-35. 

For married young adults, "churches 
need to be very intentional about 
programing in marriage enrichment, 
parenting skills, and ministries that are 
inclusive of whole families," Chris says. 
"With singles the opposite is true. You 
need to have programing that is not 
oriented just to those traditional family 

"Philosophically I'm not a strong 
proponent of saying you need specific 
programing for singles," says Chris. She 
challenges churches "to find ways to be 
inclusive in all of congregational life." 
— Cheryl Cayford 

June 1991 Messenger 15 

What nurtures faith? 

On a sabbatical from his pastoral work. 
Don Jordan did some checking on the 
things that nurture faith in young people. 
He talked to 38 members of the Church 
of the Brethren from 12 congregations in 
four districts. 

The participants were selected by their 
pastors as people of faith who had 
grown up in the Church of the Brethren. 
There were equal numbers of men and 
women, in three age groups — 60s. 40s, 

and 20s. 

* * * 

What experiences, persons, and events 
shaped your faith in your adolescent 

Almost all of the people I put that 
question to said their parents were the 
most important influence on their faith 
when they were youth. 

Tom (all names are changed) said his 

16 Messenger June 1991 

by Don Jordan 

family was quite poor following the 
Great Depression. One year they were 
not able to afford license plates for their 
car, and every Sunday they walked the 
three miles to church. 

Joe said his father regularly gave $25 
to the offerings at district conference, a 
significant amount for that time. One 
year he did not have the money, so he 
borrowed it from the bank in order to 
meet his commitment. 

For many persons, going to church 
was simply taken for granted in their 
families. They knew that on Sunday 
mornings their parents would be going, 
and the whole family was expected to 

Many Brethren have had parents who 
were "quiet Christians." Parents often 
did not say a lot about their faith in the 
home; they simply acted it out. In fact. 


most did not have regular devotions at 
home, although they did pray at meal- 

There were exceptions to this, how- 
ever, and those exceptions were mean- 
ingful. Mary woke up to her father 
singing hymns of faith every morning. 
Jerry's parents shared stories of their 
days in Brethren Volunteer Service. 
Ruth's step-father spoke freely about his 
experience as an alcoholic. 

Such stories of faith were important in 
faith development. A recent study on 
effective Christian education in congre- 
gations says that one of the most 
powerful connections to faith maturity 
for youth is the religiousness of their 
family. Congregational leaders con- 
cerned about effective youth ministry im 
the church should take into account the 
role of parents in the lives of adoles- 

;ents, providing guidance and support 
or those parents. 

In addition to mentioning their 
)arents, persons of faith said they were 
nfluenced by adults and peers in the 
i;ongregation who showed interest in 

] Margaret grew up in a home marred 
:)y alcohohsm. A woman in a nearby 
rhurch of the Brethren congregation 
befriended her, helping her cook special 
projects for 4-H, serving as her youth 
counselor for a number of years, and 
jeing a supportive friend and guide. 
jVlany years later, this woman continues 
!o be a friend and support. 
; For Ethel, an adult became a mentor 
:o her. This person discovered Ethel's 
nterest in music and teaching and 
nvited her to help with her Sunday 
school class, expressed interest in her, 
ind encouraged her musical ability. 

It is also important to have pastors 
*vho are friendly, accessible, interested 
n youth, and who invite them to use 
heir talents in the church. 

Timothy remembers that his pastor 
lamed each child and youth as they left 
he church on Sunday morning. 
-Florence's pastor volunteered to lead a 
Bible study for the youth several times a 
/ear. Beatrice described a pastor who led 
he youths' membership retreat where, 
'or the first time in her life, the Bible 
;ame alive on her level. One pastor 
nvited a youth to give the children's 
itory one Sunday; it went so well that he 
|lid it several more times, and eventually 
t led to a career for the youth in 
blementary education. 
! Youth counselors and camp counselors 
ire important. Youth are most attracted 
;o those who can relate to them on their 
^evel. Alfred talked about a camp 
:ounselor who went "creek stomping" 
with the youth. Susie remembered 
counselors who "stood with" the youth 

The most influential Sunday school 
ceachers are those who are able to bring 
:opics of interest to the youth class rather 
han forcing their own agenda on the 
;lass. Teachers who relate to youth 
jutside the class and invite them to 

social activities are important. For some 
older people of today, Sunday school 
teachers provided the only organized 
activity they experienced as youth. 

When Brethren tell about their youth 
group and their relationship with peers 
within the church, three themes stand 
out: the importance of peers in providing 
support; opportunities for leadership; 
and challenge and growth in their world 
view, stimulated by activities involving 
youth programs beyond their congrega- 

Several people described a close 
bonding with their youth group. During 
her junior high years, Geraldine attended 
church only because she was taken by 
her parents. But in her youth years she 
went freely because she wanted to be 
with the other senior high youth. A 
number of people spoke of the youth 
group as an extended family. Shirley, a 
woman in her 40s, still remembers 
everyone in her youth group by name. 

The freedom of being with others who 
shared common values was significant. 
It was as if the youth group were an 
alternative community, in which one 
could avoid the negative peer pressure 
experienced in high school. 

Some people said they felt invisible in 
high school; they were too shy to exert 
much leadership. But in their own youth 
groups they were elected as officers, 
selected for the leadership cabinet, and 
were able to grow in their ability as 
leaders. A number had also served as 
members of a district youth cabinet. 

Oome of them were surprised at the 
responsibilities they accepted. Isabel 
edited a newsletter and was pleased that 
she was able to fulfill that responsibility 
on her own. Paul had a lot of far-out 
ideas that he was afraid to express in 
high school, but in the youth group he 
could test them out. 

Activities with the youth program, 
especially beyond the congregation, 
often challenged the youths' parochial 
vision and widened their view of the 
world. Georgia remembers a week-long 
youth leaders' training event at 

Manchester College. She went on the 
spur of the moment, but "it changed my 

Everyone who had attended National 
Youth Conference said it broadened 
their view of the world. A workshop on 
draft resistance, led by Enten Eller, 
prodded the thinking of some, for 
example. For Richard, a demonstration 
at the Rocky Flats nuclear weapons plant 
came at a time when he needed to 
express his opposition to war. 

Overall, I didn't hear a lot about 
Sunday morning worship services. 
Apparently it was important to be 
involved in the worship, and they liked 
worship services that were creative. 
They remembered being asked to tell a 
children's story, lead worship, play the 
trumpet, or sing. But worship seems not 
to have been the most influential thing in 
their adolescent years. 

Questions about spiritual life and 
times of feeling close to God sparked 
touching stories. 

Delora described a time when a group 
of youth at camp had remained follow- 
ing campfire to talk and sing together. 
She felt as if God were right beside her. 
Peter remembered spending an hour on 
vesper hill at camp with Baxter Mow, 
listening to him talk about the stars. 
Alicia spoke of a time on the mountain 
near the YMCA Camp of the Rockies 
when she felt in touch with the entire 
universe. Almost all the persons had a 
moving story about a time when they felt 
close to God. 

Two factors about spiritual growth 
were important — the impact of crises 
and the effect of transition. People 
talked about the death of a parent or 
grandparent. David was the only relative 
around when his grandfather died and he 
had held him in his arms. David gained 
maturity and strength from the experi- 
ence. Carolyn said she will always 
remember the day she left home to go 
into nursing training against her parents' 
wishes. Judith chose to attend National 
Youth Conference even though she had 
to miss volleyball camp and was cut 
from the team. She does not regret that 
(continued on page 30) 

June 1991 Messenger 17 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Last summer my son, Jamey, 
accidentally locked us out of 
the house. My husband 
wasn't due home for many 
hours, and the thought of 
spending the entire afternoon 
and a goodly portion of the 
evening in my backyard with 
no access to life's amenities 
(such as the phone, refrigera- 
tor, and bathroom) didn't 
appeal to me. In fact, it 
almost felt frightening. I had 
to find a way into my house. 

The key Ron and I had 
hidden outside three years 
prior for just such an 
emergency must have been 
biodegradable since it was 
nowhere to be found. So 
Jamey and I circled our 
house checking every door 
and window on the outside 
chance I had negligently left 
one unlocked. No such luck. 

As I saw it, I had one 
option and that was to find a 
way into my house even if it 
meant doing damage. I knew 
that I could probably coax 
the attic window open. All I 
needed was a ladder to get 
up to the second story. There 
are times when being 
married to a "handyman" 
comes in handy, for there 
against the fence were not 
one, but three ladders . . . 
three heavy, rickety, 
wooden, extension ladders. 

Undaunted, and humming 
the "Indiana Jones" theme 
song under my breath, I 
dragged one of the ladders 
across the yard and set it 
against the house. I was 

home free I thought. All I 
had to do was climb up and 
crawl in. 

But I remembered on 
the way up that I am acro- 
phobic — scared of heights. 
As I neared the top of the 
ladder I felt like I was in a 
scene from Alfred Hitch- 
cock's film "Vertigo." I 
climbed down, said a prayer, 
and tried again. This time I 
had vivid images flashing 
through my mind of the 
ladder and me tilting 
backward and crashing to the 
ground, crushing my son 
beneath me and leaving us 
both critically injured and 
unconscious with the dog 
howling over us. I climbed 
back down. 

I am nothing if not 
persistent, so I went back up 
that ladder. I waited several 
long minutes with a death 
grip on the frame, trying to 
size up the distance between 
me and the window. Two 
and a half, maybe three feet 
at the most. And since a 
disproportionate amount of 
my height is in my legs, it 
should be a simple matter to 
stretch across the abyss and 
step in. So I told myself. 
Anchoring my left foot 
firmly on the rung, I tenta- 
tively ventured out with my 
right foot . . . and felt the 
ladder slide. 

With knees of Jell-0 and 
arms of spaghetti, I wobbled 
back down. 

I couldn't do it. I had the 
will and I had the way, but I 

couldn't implement my 

About that time I sensed, 
rather than heard, my 
neighbor in his own back- 
yard. Why hadn't I thought 
of him sooner? Like a 
proselyte quick'ning to the 
call, I approached him and 
said: "I have a problem. 
Would you help me?" 

This time it was a cinch. 
With Jim steadying the 
ladder, I scrambled up, 
grabbed hold, pushed off, 
and pulled myself inside. 

Mission accomplished. 

No matter how smart, no 
matter how strong, no matter 
how self-sufficient, no 
matter how spiritual you 
may be, sometimes you just 
have to ask for help. You 
may have identified your 
problem. You may have 
even arrived at a workable 
solution. But more often than 
not, you need someone else 
to stabilize and support you 
in order to turn your plan 
into action. 

Makes a lot of sense, 
doesn't it? And you probably 
think that it's somehow 
easier to put into practice for 
those of us who make a 
living and a mission out of 
helping others. 

Don't you believe 
it for a minute. 


Robin Wenrn'orth App. of 
Nappanee. Ind.. is a therapist, 
ordained minister, and a member of 
the Camp Creek Church of the 
Brethren. Etna Green. Ind. 

1 8 Messenger June 1 99 1 

There once 
was a college called 


The University of La Verne {Calif.) is 
celebrating its 100th anniversary this 
year. As a salute to the centennial, 
Messenger presents this story about the 
school's beginning as Lordsburg 
College. Adapted from The University of 
La Verne: A Centennial History, 1891- 
1991, by Herbert W. Hogan and Gladdys 
E. Muir. 

* * * 

By the middle of the 19th century, the 
Brethren had reached the Mississippi. 
When gold was discovered in California, 
that event drew few Brethren, for on the 
whole they were farmers, and gold, in its 
raw state, held less attraction for them 
than fertile land. A few Brethren came to 
the Coast by way of the Oregon Trail, 
md a few came by way of the Horn, but 
it was not until the transcontinental 
railroads had completed their lines to the 
Coast, and the land companies and real 
estate dealers were beginning to adver- 
tise the resources of California, that any 
:onsiderable number of Brethren came. 

They had a tendency to move in 
groups and settle in colonies, probably 
because they were German-speaking in 
the beginning, and there were some 
language and custom barriers separating 
them from the rest of the community. 
Then, too, they had come to believe that 
colonization was the best method of 
evangelization: The lonely preacher, 
unsupported by his brethren, did not 
have as good an opportunity to "enlarge 
the kingdom" as the member of a 
community who lived in warm and 
satisfying fellowship. This explains why 
the railroads were quite successful when 
they employed agents to encourage 
Brethren emigration to the West. They 
were likely to secure a whole colony of 
them instead of a few individuals. 

The Santa Fe Railroad reached the 
Pacific Coast in 1887, and some 25 
towns had sprung up like mushrooms 
along its lines. Azusa, Covina, Glendora, 
Lordsburg, and Claremont all had their 
birth in the boom. The Santa Fe had in 

its employ an agent, George McDon- 
augh, who had been active in establish- 
ing Brethren colonies in the Middle 
West. In 1889 he was transferred to the 
Pacific Coast to direct colonization 
there. 1|||^^ 

Much speculation had taken place, arid 
promotion by the land companies had 
encouraged over-investment. As a result, 
by the time McDonaugh began his work 
in California, the boom had collapsed, 
and land companies had some large 
hotels and many empty lots on their 
hands. To some of the Brethren this 
situation looked like economic oppor- 
tunity. McDonaugh planned excursions 
to California following the Annual 
Meetings of the Brethren. When the 
tourists arrived, they were shown the 
land, and possibilities of future develop- 
ment were pointed out. 

In November 1889, after the Annual 
Meeting at Harrisonburg, Va., there was 
such an excursion to the Coast. Among 
the group who made this trip was M. M. 

June 1991 Messenger 19 

Eshelman, a former editor of the 
Brethren At Work (a predecessor of 
Messenger) and associated with the 
recent establishment of McPherson 
College in Kansas. 

It is not difficult to understand that 
seed fell on fertile soil when Eshelman 
was taken to Lordsburg (named for land 
speculator Isaac Lord), where there was 
for sale a large hotel, erected during the 
boom at a cost of $75,000, and it was 
suggested to him that this might be a 
good place for a college. Eshelman was 
not interested at first, but, after he had 
mulled the idea over in his mind and 
talked with several Brethren about it, 
they decided to take an option on the 
building and 100 town lots. 

By the terms of the option, the build- 
ing and lots were to be sold for $15,000. 
There was to be a bonus of $ 1 ,250 if a 
school was opened within two years, 
under a competent faculty, and showed 
for the first term an average attendance 

First Lordsburg College basketball team, about 1905. 

of 65 students, and if it were maintained 
for a period of not less than 10 years. 

The little town of Lordsburg, in which 
the Brethren had made their investment, 
was scarcely more than a village, but it 
was located on a beautiful site at the foot 

of the mountains. The surrounding 
countryside looked inviting to people 
who thought of land in terms of farming 
possibilities. About half of the lots that 
they bought were in bearing prune trees. 
The soil was good. In fact, until the 

Roland Ortmayer: A legend at La Verne 

by Marlin L. Heckman 

A school celebrating its centennial is 
bound to have developed some legends 
along the way. For the University of La 
Verne, its most current and perhaps best 
beloved legend is one with the three- 
letter name of "Ort." 
* * * 

A legend ended at the University of La 
Verne commencement this May when 
Roland "Ort" Ortmayer walked away 
from the ceremonies marking the close 
of a 43-year coaching and teaching 
career at the school. 

The son of a Methodist minister, Ort 
was a member of the Fellowship of 
Reconciliation and a high school teacher 
when he was drafted during World War 
II. Ort's thoughts on war are succinct: 
"Nothing should destroy life. War is the 
ultimate punishment. When you use a 
war to settle a situation, that means you 

20 Messenger June 1991 

didn't settle it." 

As a concientious objector, Ort 
entered Civilian Public Service (CPS). 
His first contact with the Church of the 
Brethren came when he was assigned to 
the CPS camp at Cascade Locks, Ore. 
Ort jokes, "You know that I knew 
nothing about the Church of the Brethren 
when I tell you that my mother answered 
one of my early letters saying that I 
needed to learn how to spell Brethren." 

Ort met more Brethren at Waldport, 
Ore., and then at Buckley, Wash., where 
he became the director of the CPS unit 
for two years. There he had regular 
communication with Brethren Service 
personnel who were administering many 
of the camps. (See October 1990, pages 

When he was drafted, Ort was 
teaching in Kingsport, Tenn. There he 
had met Cornelia Bergen. They were 
married during Ort's CPS years. "At the 

close of four years, the war situation was 
changing and we were about to go bacl^" 
into the world. Comi and I decided that' 
we would like to repay those people and 
agencies who had helped us hold our 
position and take our stand. I had 
decided that I wanted to be a coach in a 
small college. 

"The president of William Penn 
College, in Oskaloosa, Iowa — a college 
committed to peace and social emphasis 
— was seeking personnel whom he felt 
would help keep that emphasis." A half 
dozen ex-CPS persons, including Ort, 
were recruited. But at the end of two 
years Ort and Comi felt that it was time 
to move on. They wanted to spend at 
least two years at a Church of the 
Brethren institution, but they had not 
sent out any inquiries. 

"Would you believe that in the same 
mail letters arrived from McPherson 
College and La Verne College? Both 




oming of the railroad and the boom that 
lad shattered the quiet pastoral atmo- 
phere, the land had been a wheatfield 
nd before that had been used only for 
he herds of the Mexican rancheros and 
he mission padres. 

The hotel that they had purchased was 
Tactically new: It had never been 
iccupied. It was a large rambling 
luilding with the cupolas and towers, 
lalconies, and long verandas typical of 
he 1890s. It contained 130 rooms, a 
lumber of them supplied with fireplaces, 
nd it was boasted that each room was 
quipped with an electric bell. 

The trustees of the new school secured 
1. S. Garst of eastern Tennessee for the 
irincipalship, and it was decided to open 
.ordsburg College in the fall of 1891. 
In 1917, after the death of Isaac Lord, 
he name of both the town and the 
ollege was changed to La Verne — the 
lame of the orange-growing district in 
vhich the town was located.) 

Although the Lordsburg College 
Association was a private agency, the 
trustees petitioned the Annual Meeting 
of the Brethren, which convened in 
Hagerstown, Md., that year, for permis- 
sion to establish a school "in harmony 
with the usages of the brotherhood," and 
asked the conference to appoint a 
committee to help them in their new 
undertaking. Elders J. W. Metzger, 
Enoch Eby, and J. S. Flory were ap- 
pointed to serve in this capacity. 

The building was put in order, and the 
grounds were improved with trees and 
shrubs, gifts from people of the commu- 
nity. The librarian issued a call for 
books, a pulpit Bible, and a set of ency- 
clopedias. The school opened on the date 
announced with 76 students, but, before 
the year had passed, 136 were enrolled. 

During the first 10 years, the Lords- 
burg trustees learned from experience 
that from a financial angle an educa- 
tional program was a losing proposition. 

Year after year they paid the deficits, 
but they managed to keep the college 
alive for 10 years, one of the conditions 
necessary for them to obtain clear title 
to the property. Then they began to 
consider the possibility of leasing it to 
someone who would carry the entire 
responsibility. No one could be found 
for a time, so the school was closed 

M. M. Eshelman terminated his 
service to the Santa Fe in 1895. He said 
he had crossed the continent 115 times 
and had brought many Brethren to the 
West. The growth of Lordsburg had even 
attracted the attention of the Los Angeles 
Times. The following item is taken from 
the issue of January 12, 1895: 

Around Lordsburg, a few miles 
west of Pomona, there has been a 
largely increased area of orchards set 
out, both deciduous and citrus. The 
Dunkards, who form a majority of 
the population here, are industrious 

stters asked the same question: 'Would 
'ou be interested in being athletic 
lirector and football coach?' It seemed 
is if providence had taken hold of our 

Why was La Verne chosen? "Comi 
ind I met in the Southeast, were married 
n Montana, lived in Washington, New 
fork, and Iowa, so the only place we 
ladn't been was the Southwest. We 
bought we would be at La Verne a few 
'ears, at least two. Something happened 
hat made us feel so at home and so 
nuch a part of La Verne that it has 
asted 43 years." 

Ort's contact with Brethren on the 
'acific Slope have included High Sierra 
frail Hikes and participation in youth 
md family camps in Idaho, Washington, 
Dregon, Arizona, and California. 

Everyone whose life has had an exper- 
ence with Roland Ortmayer during his 
.^a Verne years is better for it. For al- 

most 20 years Ort and Comi have taught 
a for-credit class called "When Lewis 
and Clark Met the Mountains." The 
unusual class takes students on a four- 
week adventure of kayaking, canoeing, 
and rafting down northwestern rivers. 

Ort's football career was featured in a 
September 1989 Sports Illustrated 
article, "A Most Unusual Man." The 
article described Ort's unorthodox 
approach to football, including his point 
that the value is in the playing, not the 

At the end of that article, Ort is quoted 
as saying, "Someday in May, I'll just 
walk away." He has walked away now, 
but his influence will endure in the lives 
he touched at the University of La 
Verne. Ort's two-year "debt" has 
been repaid many times over. 


Marlin L. Heckman is head librarian at the 
Universiry of La Verne (Calif.). 

June 1991 Messenger 21 

people who are as successful as 

the Mormons in making the 

desert bloom. 

Notice of the closing of Lordsburg 
College for an indefinite period had 
appeared in the Gospel Messenger. A 
reader who was much stirred by this 
announcement was W. C. Hanawalt, 
principal of the Derry City Schools of 
Pennsylvania. He thought this closing 
would be tragic, and in April 1902 
obtained a leave of absence from his 
position and came to California to 
investigate the situation. 

He believed that there was a future for 
a Brethren school in California. He met 
with several trustees of the college, and 
as a result of this conference a protocol 
of agreement was made on May 6, 1902, 
whereby the trustees of Lordsburg 
College Association agreed to lease the 
property to him for a period of five 
years. He was to reorganize the school 
and plan to offer preparatory work 
comparable to the high schools of 
California. College work was not to be 
offered until there was a demand for it. 

Teachers and students lived and 
worked together as one family in the old 
hotel. They had their own flower 
gardens, milked their own cows, made 
butter, and canned for their own use 
hundreds of quarts of fruit. President 
Hanawalt' s father built a large outdoor 
oven across the street in a eucalyptus 
grove, and there President Hanawalt's 
wife and his stepmother baked the big 
loaves of bread for the school. The 
senior Hanawalt also acquired about 20 
hives of bees which provided honey for 
the table. 

Many eastern Brethren coming to 
California stopped off a few days at 
Lordsburg and were able to secure board 
and lodging at the college. This must 
have made student life more interesting. 
Rail services in 1903-1904 were excel- 
lent. Lordsburg had 1 1 trains daily, 
seven mails, and was anticipating a new 
trolley line. Yearly Bible Institutes 
featuring leading churchmen from across 
the brotherhood attracted many, and 

22 Messenger June 1991 

some eastern Brethren became ac- 
quainted with California and Lordsburg 
College in this way. 

For some time the Brethren in Califor- 
nia and especially the people at the 
college had been hoping that an Annual 
Conference of the Brethren would be 
held in Southern California. This would 
bring many Brethren west, with the like- 
lihood that some of them would decide 
to settle in the area and further enlarge 
the Lordsburg College constituency. 

This hope was finally realized when it 
was decided that the 1907 Annual 
Meeting should be held in Los Angeles. 
A souvenir edition of the California 
Student was prepared for the Meeting 
guests, which pointed out the advantages 
of California, its climate, its chief towns 
and their attractive features, and espe- 
cially Lordsburg and the college. About 
2,500 (most of whom were Brethren) 
were on hand for the first session of the 
Annual Meeting, which was a larger 
attendance than expected. The singing 
was led by Professor Haugh of 
Lordsburg, and the success of this phase 
of the meeting brought favorable 
publicity to the college. Subsequent 
history shows that many Brethren 
decided at this time to settle in Southern 
California, and thus the Annual Meeting 
contributed indirectly to the growth of 
the college. 


Jthough the college seemed to be 
prospering, it was with great struggle 
that President Hanawalt carried on the 
work, for there was no one now to pay 
the deficits. It was found impossible to 
make the school pay for itself When the 
lease expired, the trustees of the 
Lordsburg College Association again 
assumed responsibility for the college 
and re-elected W. C. Hanawah as 
president of the college for another year. 
But by this time, the president of the 
board of trustees had something else in 
mind, namely, to ask the District of 
Southern California and Arizona Church 
of the Brethren to appoint a board to 

hold in trust the stock and funds of the 
Lordsburg College Association. This I" 
was the first substantial gift to the 

There was considerable controversy 
over the proposition. President Hanawalt 
was not in favor of it. The members of 
the original board of trustees had all 
passed away and been replaced by 
younger men. Nevertheless, the board 
finally decided to present the matter to 
the district. Again, there was great 
discussion, this time among the congre- 
gations. In view of the financial difficul-) 
ties, some did not want the church to 
assume this responsibility. At last the 
church agreed to accept the property, 
and trustees were elected. 

They then organized themselves, April 
16, 1908, and elected J. S. Kuns as 
president of the board. The new board 
then chose W. C. Hanawalt as president 
of the school for another year, but he 
soon resigned, for he did not agree with 
the steps taken by the board. Years 
later he explained that he had opposed 
the traixsfer of the college to the district 
out of a sincere effort to protect the 
future of the school; one of his chief 
fears was that the district would become 
discouraged with the enterprise and 
allow the property to revert to private 
ownership where it would not be used 
for educational purposes, thus defeating 
all for which he had labored. 

Although the Hanawalt period was a 
rather short interlude in the history of the 
University of La Verne, its importance 
should not be underestimated. President 
Hanawalt rescued the college at a 
critical juncture. He had the foresight to 
enlarge the campus by 20 acres, making 
possible future expansion. He tried to 
meet the chief need of the Brethren of 
his day, which was the need for a 
preparatory school. It cannot be denied 
that at a very crucial time, one man's 
faith and courage saved the 


Herbert W. Hogan has taught at the University 
of La Verne since 1946. Gladdys E. Muir (1895- 
1967) taught at La Verne 1916-1948. 


We have this treasure 

)y Frank Ramirez 

'Twas battered and scarred," but "The 
ouch of the Master's Hand," by Myra 
rooks Welch, first saw its way into 
rint 70 years ago. It told the story of a 
istoff violin about to be sold for three 
oUars at an auction. From out of 
owhere a master of the instrument 
rings the wooden box to his chin and 
lays such an air that the value of the 
iolin jumps to $3,000. Myra Brooks 
/elch concludes that just as the touch of 
master's hand transformed the value of 
le instrument, so too the Master of all 
ansforms lives that have been written 
ff by the world. 

This marvelous little poem has had a 
urability to match even the old violin 
le wrote about. In a Messenger article 

years ago (February 1981, page 25), 
ermon Thomasson wrote, "Probably no 
ther piece of Brethren writing has 
tijoyed such popularity beyond Breth- 
;n circles, or become such a part of the 
ublic domain." 

A sobering thought, that. When one 
links of the excellent writings pub- 
shed by Brethren authors, the inspira- 
onal, the educational, the visionary, the 
rophetic writings of sisters and brothers 
■ho have carried the torch for us all, it is 
eliciously ironic that the most influen- 
al stain against the silence was penned 

1 half an hour by a woman disabled by 
rthritis, living in La Verne, Calif. 

For what Myra Brooks Welch had 
enned was what I call a "thumbtack 
oem." A thumbtack poem is one that 
)r no clear reason takes on a life of its 
wn, far beyond the apparent merits of 
le piece itself, or the intention of the 
athor. Quickly written, it appears' in an 
phemeral medium, but unlike many 
etter pieces that are soon forgotten, it 
nds up tacked on bulletin boards. Soon 

is reprinted without attribution in 
ewsletters and newspaper columns, 
lisquoted at gatherings, stuck between 

the pages of Bibles, until it becomes part 
of the oral tradition that binds us 
together. Ernest Lawrence Thaver's 
"Casey at the Bat" is a good example, as 
are the "Desiderata," by Fred Werner, 
and the prose poem "Everything I Ever 
Needed to Know I Learned in Kinder- 
garten," by Robert Fulghum. Only with 
an effort can the poem remain connected 
with its author. 

Such poems endure. 

The most fascinating thing about 
poems such as "The Touch of the 
Master's Hand" is that they usually 
aren't really poems in the regular sense. 
The meter is flawed, the rhymes irregu- 
lar, there is an absence of simile or 
metaphor, none of the usual trappings of 
poetry. "Ballad" might be a better word, 
for they tell a story in a songlike fashion. 
"Doggerel" might be a more honest 

It doesn't matter. Better poets may 
disdain or criticize these works, but the 
little verse of Myra Brooks Welch has 
touched more lives — and for the better 
— with its honest and homey little lesson 
that God transforms our brokenness than 
nearly any technically correct poem you 

might point to. 

And there's the irony. "We have this 
treasure in earthen vessels," writes Paul 
in his second letter to the Corinthians. 
Jars, clay pots, purely functional in 
design, which break when they fall, and 
wear out from use. Yet even broken they 
gave good cheer, for the shards of a 
broken pot were recycled as letterhead, 
calling the receiver to share the joy of a 
banquet, a wedding, a celebration, 
reaching out to touch another with a 
message of love. God uses us, ennobles 
us, far beyond the world's perceived 
worth. And many a lost soul, "with life 
out of tune," has been ransomed by 
God's faithfulness. 

There is a lesson to be learned here. 
Somehow you knew it, didn't you? 
Though we may think we know best how 
to serve the Lord, it may be the least of 
our efforts that he will magnify. We may 
have our own plan to spread the gospel, 
yet God may choose some insignificant 
act of our own to change the lives of 

We must be prepared to be shocked 
and surprised at God's goodness, and his 
ability to transform. Not for this, we may 
think, do I desire to be remembered, and 
yet one small deed long forgotten may 
be the cause of song in eternity. 

Ask Myra Brooks Welch, when we 
gather by the river. She wrote many 
other poems, but this one verse leads the 
list as far as we Brethren are concerned. 
At least for now. At least until God 
works the magic again through another, 
who even now may be setting pen to 
paper, scratching out a few 
heaven-sent lines. 


( "The Touch of the Master's Hand" was first 
published in the February 26, 1921 , Gospel 
Messenger. In 1941 it was included in a collection 
of Myra Brooks Welch' s poetry published by The 
Brethren Publishing House. The copyright today is 
owned by Brethren Press. ) 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart. Ind. 

June 1991 Messenger 23 

A bow with 
loose ends 

by Sara 

Mixed Reviews critiques books, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to be taken as Messenger'5 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
subjects they treat. 


One of the most important 
gifts we can give our young 
children is tools that help 
prepare them to meet the 
various situations that 
confront them. Bubber, the 
main character in The 
Lemming Condition and The 
Clearing, books by Alan 
Arkin, is just such a tool. 

The Lemming Condition 
quickly places Bubber in a 
dilemma over which path in 
life to follow. Will he choose 
to follow the natural instincts 
of his community to leap 
from the cliffs in the west, or 
will he follow his own 
feelings, and reject this 
lemming tradition? 

Bubber's dilemma is one 
that faces our children every 
day as they interact with the 
different communities in 
their lives, school, peers, and 
family. Through the use of 
fantasy, Arkin skillfully ex- 
plores the emotions, conflict, 
and confusion that are 
prevalent in the children's 
lives when they find them- 
selves in the minority stand- 
ing against the majority. 

Arkin gives children an 
opportunity to read about 
how situations such as these 
can be handled in a positive 
way. Arkin is open and 
honest in dealings with the 
vulnerability of children and 
their struggle to self-identity 
through his use of Bubber's 
own struggle. Arkin manages 
to keep the reality of life in 

his fantasy when he resists 
the urge to end the story with 
all the loose ends tied in a 
perfect bow. He ends the 
story with integrity: All the 
questions are not answered. 
Bubber does emerge from 
his struggle, but not un- 
scathed or unaffected. 
Driven on by the questions 
that remain unresolved, he 
emerges to face his next 
quest — the quest for truth, 
his self-identity, and the 
meaning of life. 

In the sequel. The Clear- 
ing. Arkin continues his 
forthrightness. Once again, 
Bubber is in difficulty. He 
awakens from his near death 
struggle to discover himself 
in the jaws of a cougar. The 
cougar carries Bubber into a 
clearing and straight into the 
lives of a duck, a deer, a 
snake, and a bear — a com- 
munity united not by the 
wish for death but by the 
goal to attain life. 

Arkin's gift to children in 
this sequel is the gift of for- 
giveness, self-acceptance, 
and the meaning of life. The 
reader sees Bubber and his 
friends live as disciples of a 
bear that possesses mysteri- 
ous powers. These powers 
bring the past to the present, 
enabling everyone who hears 
the bear's words to break 
through life's horrors, 
experiencing tears of release 
that ultimately allow each 
animal to experience the 

needed forgiveness. 

The lively conversation, 
humorous encounters, 
philosophic discussions, and 
the untimely loss of the bear 
pushes each animal to face 
its future. They are forced 
toward trusting that part of 
themselves that brings them 
strength and confidence. 
With these new-found 
sources of individual power, 
they strike out on their own, 
returning to their homes 
renewed and reborn. 

Arkin offers messages of 
hope to children and adults 
who harbor fear and misgiv- 
ings about the future. He 
offers the message of for- 
giveness for even the deep- 
est, darkest secrets. He reas- 
sures the reader that within 
each and every person there 
is that essence that is good 
and trustworthy, but he also 
presents the realization that 
for some it takes a bit longer 
to discover and establish 
these qualities as part of 

Bubber is a wonderful 
teacher. Arkin reaches 
children and adults in the 
struggle of life by allowing 
them the escape of fantasy. 
I'd like to join these forest 
animals in their quest, for I 
share their questions 
and wonderings. 


Sara Haldeman-Scarr is co- 
pastor, with her husband. Bill, of 
Moxham Church of the Brethren, in 
Johnstown, Pa. 

24 Messenger June 1991 

PS.M.MS1" ,,h,vc swallowed >« Ae l-O""'"'"'"^ 

' .„ „„nne . '.(.:„■ uid ainon^ ^'.'..^i , hints 

,n tlic gJ-e. 


The Life of Paul 


Ken Kline Smelber 

Maria BieberAbe 





TTie Gospel of Mark 

8 Lessons 


6 Lessons 

David Witkovsky 

Walt Bowman 




Susan Boyer 

Cheryl Peterson 



7 Lessons 




Floyd Bantz 

Chalmer Faw 

6 Lessons 


Ronald Finney ^^ ^*r 



That Mark Twain editorial 

I admired and appreciated the April 
editorial, "Mark Twain in Kennebunk- 
port," examining patriotism in wartime. 

I wish the editorial could be worked 
into an "op-ed" piece for the Washington 
Post or some such publication. That 
editorial is just too poignant to be 
limited to the Brethren audience. 

Bill Winn 
Martinsville. Va. 

Wow! The April MESSENGER was a 
knockout. From front cover through 
editorial, everything was superb. 

Is it possible that faith grows best in 
an unfriendly atmosphere? The editorial, 
"Mark Twain in Kennebunkport," shows 
that in a country of affluence and 
religious freedom we are tempted to join 
the establishment by compromising 
Christian beliefs. 

Pastor Yin, in "Pilgrim on a Perilous 
Road," is living proof that dictatorship, 
such as that in China, cannot adversely 
affect the soul. He survived intact with 
dignity, and the number of Christians in 
China has been multiplied by seven. 

James White 
Yuba City. Aiiz. 

For the most part I agreed 100 percent 
with the April editorial, "Mark Twain in 
Kennebunkport." One exception is the 
implication that all people who had 
yellow ribbons out during the Persian 
Gulf war are "flag-wavers." 

We don't even own a flag, but we did 
have yellow ribbons on our car and in 
our yard, to show our concern for a 
grandson in the Marines in Saudi 

The money that our government spent 

The opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-to-face conversations. 

Letters shoidd he brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to MESSENGER Editor. J 45 J 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

26 Messenger June 1991 

on the Persian Gulf war could so well 
have been applied to our problems right 
here in the USA. 

Pauline Nushaiim 
Goshen, Ind. 

We have been Brethren for about two 
years, after retiring to Florida, and after 
spending our married life as Presby- 

We are very active in our congrega- 
tion and work hard at understanding 
Brethren beliefs. But some of the 
Messenger articles give us problems. 

The April issue, in particular, had 
some disturbing pieces, such as the 
editorial, "Mark Twain in Kennebunk- 
port" and David Radcliffs "A Time for 
Prophets and Pastors." Radcliff came 
across as patronizing and condescending 
to the Vietnam veteran. The editorial hit 
us the same way, with its reference to 
flags and yellow ribbons. 

We generally like Messenger articles, 
even when chided by "No Creed But the 
New Testament?" (after saying the 
Apostles' Creed every Sunday for years). 
But the peace references imply that we 
Brethren may feel "exclusive" in 
wanting peace and not war. No church ' 
supports war. We all pray for peace and 
believe there has to be another way to 
resolve differences. 

It's okay to advocate peace, but don't 
deride those who believe strongly that at 
some point one has to stand up for one's 
country, even taking up arms. Neither 
Hitler nor Saddam Hussein would ever 
have been stopped by wishful thinking 
or hand-wringing. 

Steve and Sandy Aldrich 
Sehring. Fla. 

Bretliren and their faith 

Naturally I liked the April Messenger's 
emphasis on heritage — the cluster of 
articles on "Brethren and Their Faith." 
Good job! 

Donald F. Dwnhangh 
Elizabethtown, Pa. 

As Don Dumbaugh, Dale Ulrich, Jacob 
Ness, and I traveled together to Ashland, 
Ohio, for a meeting of the Brethren 
Encyclopedia board we discussed the 

April Messenger and its articles on 
"Brethren and Their Faith." Jacob Ness 
hadn't seen the April issue at that time, 
but the others of us agreed it was terrific 
Messenger is a quality magazine for 
the Church of the Brethren. The April 
issue set a new standard. 

Ronald G. Lu 
Ambler, P« 

I found, in the April "Brethren and Thei 
Faith" cluster, Galen Hackman's "The 
Faith That Saves" and Rick Gardner's 
"No Creed but the New Testament?" to 
be especially helpful to me in my work 
in pastoral care at Zanesville's Good 
Samaritan Medical Center. 

Joseph A. Brannd 
Zanesville. Ok 

Do we burn heretics? 

I was disturbed by the March letter fron 
the Brethren Revival Fellowship 

It is not "brotherly" to charge "heresy 
when another Christian's theological 
perspective differs from our own. (I 
suspect, however, that the writers of tha 
letter would question whether one is a 
Christian unless one passed their 
doctrinal tests.) 

Is it possible to be branded a heretic i 
the Church of the Brethren? If so, whati 
is the accepted punishment for heretics' 
Do we bum them at the stake? Drown 
them? Stone them? 

That BRF letter sounds like a call for 
doctrinal related censorship. Surely the 
lessons of early Christians and early 
Anabaptists (see April articles on 
"Brethren and Their Faith") have taugh 
us something about discernment and a 
respect for doctrinal diversity. 

Steve Shelti 
East Lansing, Mic, 

IVIalting a list 

Reading the February article "Kids 
Night Out With God" (page 4) brought i 
back to mind an idea that surfaced in ' 
Nigeria before we retired. | 

Many Brethren want to serve under 
our own denominational banner, but in 
this time of reduced budgets there aren 

enough openings. So these people seek 
openings with other Anabaptist groups 
lOr other Christian organizations and 
pnstitutions. Should we not maintain a 
pist of such people and their services for 
juse at our General Offices, in district 
[offices, congregations, and Brethren 

Ivan and Mary Eikenberry 
Trotwood, Ohio 

Right place, wrong mosque 

On page seven of the March 
Messenger, the photo caption incor- 
rectly identifies Jerusalem's Dome of the 
Rock as the Al Aqsa mosque. Both are 
buildings in the esplanade known as the 
Haram es-Sharif. (That's what we get 
for trusting Episcopal News Service, 
which supplied us with the photo and 
caption information. — Ed.) 

Bob McFadden 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Not told the whole truth 

[ read with great interest and apprecia- 
;ion the March articles "Promoting 
Peace in Baghdad" and "Projecting the 
War's Aftermath." 

Most of the time we only hear what 
)ur government wants us to hear. Then, 
ater, we discover that we have not been 
old the whole truth. Wouldn't it be 
A'onderful if our government was as 
;ager to solve our domestic problems as 
t is to go to war? 

Gladys Haugh 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

Let the puddle dry up 

VIessenger, in its new format, is 
nformative, inspiring, and encouraging. 
But one holdover ought to be eliminated: 

never could understand, much less 
ippreciate, the cartoon strip "Pontius' 
'uddle." It is an insult to the members of 
he Church of the Brethren. 

Or am I the only "old-timer" who 
inds "Pontius' Puddle" offensive? 

Lyle D. Kurfis 
Millbury, Ohio 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and dislrki newslellers thai reprint "Pnnlius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulatinn is mer 500) fnr each m Jnel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 4652b. 



Z. ^AAOE. ^^v 


Ont-" .St(M» ill a '\'\mv 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Mary Gumm, a senior at McPherson College, with her mother Norita 
Elwood '83. 

"/ am so proud that Mary has been a part of a college that will give her life 
value through an education. As Mary graduates, I know that McPherson 
College will be standing in the wings applauding and supporting her all the 
way. " 

— Norita Elwood *83, Grimes, Iowa 
Dallas Center Church of the Brethren 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 


Yes, I want to take the next step and find out more about 
McPherson College. 


* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Address . 


Phone L- 

. State 

. Zip, 

. Year of Graduation . 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office, McPherson College, 
P.O. Box 1402, McPherson, KS 67460 or 
callcoUect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex. color, national origin, or physical/emotional stability 

June 1991 Messenger 27 

On certainty, peace, mission, wives 

Don Fitzkee 

Early Brethren 
had 'certainty' 

In his April article "For Brethren Today: 
No Creed but the New Testament." Rick 
Gardner warns that the Brethren motto 
"No Creed but the New Testament" at 
times "has been abbreviated to read 
simply 'No creed,' conveying the idea 
that we never confess our faith or that 

To hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
church with whom we agree or disagree is a 
characteristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
the continuation of this value, and to an open and 
probing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

convictions are unimportant." 

Ironically, in the next article in that 
issue, "Truths Not So Self-evident," Paul 
Keller nicely illustrates the danger to 
which Gardner points. Keller presents a 
distorted view of our Brethren heritage 
and then uses it to defend the modem 
Brethren tilt away from the New 
Testament and toward unrestrained 
individualism and near limitless theo- 
logical tolerance. 

That early Brethren rejected creeds 
does not mean they rejected "certainty." 
The old Brethren knew what the New 
Testament was saying to them in their 
day. and when unrepentant members 
violated New Testament standards as 
understood by the church at that time, 
they were disciplined, even disfellow- 

Brethren have not always been 
"dissenters from certainty," as Keller 





« «!' 

Celebrating Brethren Connections 

a liberal arts college within the Brethren tradition • fosters 
Christian faith and intellectual integrity • a community committed 
to faith, learning, and service • promotes an international 
consciousness, respect for ethnic and cultural pluralism, and an 
appreciation of the worth of every person • a value-based 

Educating Brethren Students For Over 100 Years 



North Manchester, IN 
For information, call: (219) 982-5223 

Manchester College does not discriminate on the basis of marital status, religion, race, color, national or ethnic 
origin, sex, or handicap in administration of its educational policies, recruitment and admissions policies 
scholarship and loan programs, employment practices, and athletic or other college-sponsored programs 

iry I 

asserts. The Brethren love affair with 
theological uncertainty is a 20th-century 
development that has had disastrous 
consequences for the denomination. In 
order for Brethren to become who they ' 
are today they frequently have had to 
misinterpret their heritage (as Keller 
does) to salve their collective conscieno 
and convince themselves that they are 
being faithful to a heritage that they 
abandoned long ago. 

The danger facing today's Brethren is 
not that they will lose noncreedalism, as 
Keller seems to fear, but that they will 
continue the 20th-century trend toward 
abandoning the New Testament itself as 
their rule for faith and practice. 

Far from abandoning their heritage, 
those voices in the denomination that an 
calling for more theological certainty 
and disciplined membership are reclaim 
ing the Brethren vision of a New Testa- 
ment church from those who have 
misused and misinterpreted our 


Don Fitzkee is a member of the Chiques Church 
of the Brethren, in Manheim, Pa. A freelance writei 
he was an editorial assistant with Messenger. 

Linda K. Williams 

Peace remains 
our business 

I disagree with Terry Hatfield's 
"Omegatrends" (March) statement that 
"our identity as a Historic Peace Church 
will become less important." 

In the aftermath of the very popular 
Persian Gulf war, the majority of 
Americans are saying, "Hey! War isn't 
so bad after all! Look at the good clean 
victory that our surgical strikes with I 
smart bombs brought about . . . and with 
so few casualties! Yes, war is the way to 
settle international disputes." 

Given this situation, we Brethren have ' 
an opportunity to reach out to and 
support those who are recoiling in 
horror, as we are, at the more than 
(continued on page 32) 

28 Messenger June 1991 


Rediscover the most important 
book ever written. . . 

with the magnificent new edition "of the most 
useful one-volume Bible on the market"* 

Like all great works 
of literature, 

The Bible has a rich and complex history. 
Just as readers of Shakespeare, Milton, or 
Dante turn to annotated editions to more 
fully appreciate those classics, for over a 
quarter of a century people have found 
a deeper, closer reading of the scrip- 
tures through The New Oxford Anno- 
tated Bible. Now, completely revised, 
expanded, and re-designed, the new edi- 
tion presents the entire Bible text anno- 
tated by what amounts to a fascinating 
guidebook to the entire biblical world: 
its background, customs, allusions, reli- 
gious beliefs, politics, and more. 

* r Including the/w// 
text of the New 
Revised Standard 
Version of the Bible, 

which Time magazine hailed as the ver- 
sion "used by millions of American Chris- 
tians for both private reading and public 
worship," The New Oxford Annotated 
Bible preserves both the literary power of 
the great English translations and the 
integrity of the original meaning. Distilling 
the latest and most authoritative biblical 
scholarship, the new edition provides: 

• General introductions to the Old and 
New Testaments and the Apocrypha 

• Essays on specific types of biblical lit- 
erature: prophecy, history, letters, poetry, 
and more 

• Introductions to each book of the 
Bible, illuminating composition, author- 
ship, date, and contents 

• Copious annotations summarizing large 
themes, elucidating important passages, 
words, and concepts, and providing spe- 
cific historical and theological background 

• Running heads and cross-references to 
other biblical passages 

• Supplementary articles on such topics 
as biblical geography modern Bible schol- 
arship, Hebrew poetry and literary forms in 
the Gospels 


H New Revised Standard "Lkrsion 






• Beautiful detailed full-color maps that are 
universally recognized as the most precise 

• An elegant new book design with larger pages 
and wider margins for note-taking 

"Under the general 
editorship of acclaimed 
Bible scholars 

Dr. Bruce Metzger, head of the New Revised 
Standard Version of the Bible revision commit- 
tee, and Professor Roland E. Murphy noted 
scholar of the Hebrew Scriptures, the new edi- 
tion of The New Oxford Annotated Bible was 
prepared with rigorous attention to clarity and 
detail. Together with an interdenominational 
group of seventeen other Bible scholars— care- 
fully selected for their expertise in the particular 
books or topics covered -the editors have 
compiled the most comprehensive and contem- 
porary set of notes and essays available on the 

annotated Bible 

"The New Oxford Annotated Bible with its excel- 
lent footnotes and concise introductory mate- 
rial . . . [has] a thoroughness and clarity that 
should prove invaluable to the lay reader and the 
scholar alike."— Frederick Beuchner 

"I know of no other annotated 
Bible that is as rich in both the 
precision of its textual notes and 
the clarity and helpfulness of its 
introductions. An extraordinari- 
ly useful edition "-Andrew M. 
Greeley Director of National 
Opinion Research Center 

Old and New Testaments: 
1,728 pp: 14 full color maps: 
cloth $34.95. Old and New 
Testaments with Apocry- 
pha: 2,112 pp; 14 full color 
maps; cloth $3795. Apo- 
crypha only: 384 pp.; 2 
maps; cloth $14.95, 
Available in a special 
genuine leather edi- 
tion: With Apocrypha 
$79.95; Without Apocrypha $74.95. 

Now at your bookstore, or order direct by calling toll-free 


(continued from page 1 7) 
decision to this day. 

Though aware of the Church of the 
Brethren's emphasis on peace and 
service, those I talked to were hard put 
to describe experiences in their adoles- 
cence that really contributed to their 
understanding of the role of peace and 
service to a person of faith. 

It appeared to LaVonne that the 
Church of the Brethren was not prepared 
during World War II, that we had not 
really decided on our position in terms 
of war, and therefore it became a 
sensitive issue we often avoided. 

Rudy remembered being denied 
acceptance as a conscientious objector 
by his draft board and having to appear 
before a judge. He was never more 

frightened in his life. Suddenly he knew 
that his own personal record — how he 
lived — was important and would 
influence the decision the judge would 
make. The experience showed Rudy that 
when we have to make a personal 
commitment about peace or service it 
means more to us. 

Kurt told about writing a paper for 
English class opposing the Vietnam 
War. He was supported by his teacher, 
but his classmates made fun of him. The 
support he received from his pastor 
decided his faith. 

Only a few persons talked about 
opportunities through their youth 
program to be involved in service on a 
regular basis. They learned about both 
the peace position and service more 


Thursday, July 4, 1991, 5 p.m. 

Annual Conference 

Portland, Oregon 

Music by '7ust Us," a ^ 

lively and original folk / AHl 

music quintet from Seattle, 'v' ^ 

Songs grounded in A 
Christian, pacifist 



Just Us 

- '■^f^'7-SFVf^gy^ ■ 

from their parents, former BVSers, or 
through National Youth Conference tha 
from the activities of their own congre- 

Much of what I learned from my stud 
was summed up by two people who 
grew up in neighboring churches. 

Floyd, an older man, was from a very 
small congregation. Often there were 
only 10 or 15 people at Sunday worship 
The congregation was pastored by free 
ministers who came from nearby 
churches on a rotating basis. Worship 
was irregular during the winter months. 
There was no organized youth program. 
Floyd did not attend camp, district 
activities, or National Youth Confer- 
ence. Yet his faith had always been a 
great satisfaction to him, and he had 
never known a time when it wasn't 

Vernon, who was younger, attended a 
large church. There were more people ii 
the youth group than there were in a 
Floyd's whole congregation. Vernon lee ' 
worship, preached as a youth, played hi 
trumpet in the worship service, was on 
the district cabinet, participated in a 
speech contest at Annual Conference, 
and worked at a summer Bible camp. 
The church had always been important 
in his life, and now he is involved 
professionally with the church. 

A large congregation and a strong 
youth program are not necessary to 
nurture a faith in young people. God's 
grace can work in all types 6f situations 
What does seem essential to properly 
nurture the gift of faith is parents who 
have a steadfast faith of their own, the 
involvement of the youth in the life of a 
congregation that cared for them and 
their gifts, and a good relationship to 
peers who are with them in their [Tij 
faith pilgrimages. I — 

Don Jordan is minister of Christian nurture in 
the Beacon Heights Church of the Brethren, Fort 
Wayne. Ind. 

30 Messenger June 1991 

An Attitude 
A Movement 

Evangel 21 

A Magazine 


"Evangel 21 is a moderate evangelical 
magazine in the Anabaptist /Pietistic tradition 
for members of the Church of the Brethren." 

Tferry Hatfield. Editor 

Yes! I want to be part of a new attitude, a new movement, a new magazine! 

Subscribe today! 

D Lifetime (Ours or yours, no 
guarantee for either!) $150 
n Three years (12 issues) $26 
D TWo years (eight issues) $18 
D One year (four issues) $10 

Mail Evangel 21 and my free book to 

(First name) (Middle initial) (Last name) 

(Street or P.O. Box) 

(Apt. No.) 




Please make checks payable to Evangel 21 and mail to: 
Evangel 21 

Subscription Department 
2742 Southridge Drive 
South Bend. IN 46614 

Proclaiming Christ's Good News through the Church of the Brethren in the 21st Century 

(continued from page 28) 
100,000 Iraqi deaths and the massive 
destruction that our "good, clean 
victory" brought about. It's a good time, 
too, to witness to those who have not 
been disturbed by the use of large-scale 
violence to settle disputes. 

Instead of our identity as a Historic 
Peace Church becoming less important, I 
contend, to the contrary, that the Church 
of the Brethren has a great opportunity 
to serve as a vocal minority in answer to 
the call upon our lives to be instruments 
of Christ's peace. 


Latfield based his statement on the 
fact that "most major denominations 
have incorporated a 'peace position' into 
their global perspective." Until January 
161 would have agreed with him. Many 
denominations were, indeed, quite vocal 
and public in their prayers and activities 
to promote a peaceful solution to the 
Middle East hostilities. 

But with the bombing of Iraq came a 
call for "the real peace churches to 
please stand up." While many of those 
"major denominations" remained seated, 
the Church of the Brethren stood up. The 
peace positions of most other denomina- 
tions were based largely on efforts to 
prevent a worldwide nuclear holocaust. 
Their positions apparently were "Love 
your enemies . . . unless or until your 
government decides to bomb them back 
to the Stone Age." 

• Of all the clergy previously active in 
our local "Interfaith Peacemakers" 
organization, only our Church of the 
Brethren pastor has remained active. 

• In an interview for our local 
newspaper, an Episcopalian minister 
indicated that "many parishioners were 
relieved when he told them there 

is no Christian position on the war and 
that Christians could legitimately be 
either for or against it." A Baptist 
minister "told his congregation that 
while Jesus was the Prince of Peace, 
some wars are inevitable and some are 
just." Of the 15 ministers interviewed, 
only one, a Unitarian, had preached a 
sermon opposing the war; he also 
noted that "Unitarian-Universalists can 

32 Messenger June 1991 

differ on the issue." 

• On a visit to a "Bible bookstore" I 
was stopped dead in my tracks by a 
display of a toy bomber, a toy tank, 
numerous fully armed toy soldiers, and 
an American flag. They were arrayed on 
stacks of books about Saddam Hussein 
and Armageddon, next to a Desert Storm 
devotional book titled Psalm 91 : The 
Ultimate Shield, which was complete 
with a camouflage-print cover. The 
assistant manager removed the toy 
display when I told her that, as a 
member of the Church of the Brethren, I 
felt very strongly that weapons of death 
and destruction had no place in a Bible 
bookstore. She commented, however, 
that mine had been the only negative 
reaction to the display. 

• Three friends — two Catholics and a 
Lutheran — have become very interested 
in the Church of the Brethren specifi- 
cally because their congregations clearly 
supported the government's militaristic 
position after the Persian Gulf war broke 
out. I met one of the three while I was in 
a peace demonstration, carrying a sign 
"All war is sin. Church of the Brethren." 
She approached me, wanting to know 
more. In addition to these three persons, 
two unchurched friends also have 
expressed interest in our congregation, 
after conversations were sparked by the 
peace messages on my lapel pin and 
bumper sticker. 


f these responses are typical, there are 
thousands of people who have not yet 
encountered a church that actively 
espouses the biblical pacifism they 
would love to find. Our Church of the 
Brethren "Passing on the Promise" 
program should incorporate an emphasis 
on our peace message. 

My congregation distributes a flier 
declaring "Looking for a Peace Church? 
You're Welcome to Come Visit Us!" It 
also has a monthly children's sermon, 
anthem, and a page in its newsletter 
highlighting peace. Church radio spots, 
described in Messenger, offer another 
way of giving listeners "food for 
thought" regarding our denomination's 
peace stance and activities . . . and the 


reasons behind them. 

David Radcliff, peace consultant on 
our national staff, publishes a newsletter, 
People of God's Peace, that tells about 
peacemaking activities throughout the 
Church of the Brethren. Call his office, : 
toll-free, at (800) 323-8039, extension 
229, to get on the mailing list. Fliers and 
"peace packets'" are also available. 

Contrary to "Omegatrends," our 
identity as a Historic Peace Church not 
only will become more important, 
it must do so. 


Linda K. Williams is a member of First Churcho/ 
the Brethren, San Diego, Calif. . 


Phyllis Butt 

Evangelize by i 
being in mission ij 

Many people think the way to spread the 
gospel is to "preach," to set themselves 
apart from others and to be "in the 
world, but not of the world." But as 
James Benedict pointed out in "Chasing 
After Sinners" (March), there is another 
way to evangelize — by being in mission. 

This is the basis for my work — and th« ■' 
work of many others — in Brethren 
Volunteer Service (B VS). As a BVSer I 
have grown emotionally and spiritually 
by leaps and bounds. This is important i) 
my witness to people's basic human 
needs and desire for justice and peace is 
to make any difference. 

The rub is that I may never know for i c 
sure if I have made any difference. I 
may never know if the boys from the 
group home with whom I spent a year , j^^ 
will turn their lives around and be able 
to be strong, emotionally healthy 
individuals who have dealt with the 
pains of their childhood and gone on to 
help others. 

I do know that to have "preached' 
zealously to them would have closed \ 
their ears to me. More than they needed 
to hear the gospel, they needed to see it , 
lived. I was accepted after the boys 
realized I was there not for purposes of 
my own, but for them. ' ^ 

There are different ways for reaching i 


Remember this? 


find it 

in the 



JUNE 1992 

regular price $14.95 
pre-paid order price $1 1 .95 

to order call 






Jesus Loves Me, This I Know 

JESUS U3VES ME 7 7.7 7 with Retain 

Anna B, Wamer. 1859 

William Batchelder Bradbury, 1862 

l^'yji'j'i'^ i i^i'i 1 ^ yff g l y n 1 ^ 

Je - sus loves me! this I know, for the Bi - ble tells me so. Lit - tie 

'^''f^' i f ^ ^ 1;^ t^ ^ \ i ^ t ^f^^ 

a — g 




f -'W' ji J' ^' J I n ^M J' J\J l l^J'^' i g 

ones to him be - long, they are weak, but he is strong. Yes, Je - sus loves me, 





' ^ f II P 


i'^'iffi'l ' ' i'h' l ^ 'iU'ft 

Yes, Je - sus loves me. Yes, Je - sus loves me, the Bi - ble tells me so. 



people with the gospel. The way for me 
is to be with them, among them, sharing 
their lives and burdens. The way for 
someone else may be different. There is 
no "best" or "only" way. In BVS I have 
found a way that works for me. It is the 
way I intend to follow even when 
I am no longer a BVSer. 

Phyllis Btitl is a BVSer serving in ihe BVS office 
in Elgin. III. 

Sara G. Wilson 

We're neglecting 
pastors' wives 

The January Messenger articles on 
"Why Pastors Leave" lacked reference 
to pastors' spouses and how they are 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 


Become better acquainted with how 
Annual Conference decisions get 
translated into action! See how the 
denominational headquarters moves to 
implement programs through coordination 
between Annual Conference, General 
Board, and denominational staff while 
serving a program need. Live in the 
Midwest in the interesting Fox River Valley of 
Illinois for two weeks or two years. Housing 

Positions available: 

Brethren Historial Library & Archives 

(Dan West materials need processing) 
Mailroom — Hospitality - Offices — 
Maintenance — Gift Shop - and Volunteer 

For further information contact 
Mary and Ned Sfowe, Directors, FYogram 
Volunteer SeiMce, 1451 Dundee Ave., 
Elgin, IL 60120. 

affected by the problems discussed. 

Research by the Alban Institute some 
10 years ago revealed that pastors' 
spouses, earlier than the pastors, suffer 
burnout for many of the same reasons, 
but without the safety valves available to 
the pastors — clergy confidants, teacher- 
mentors, discussion groups or — more 
importantly — the ability to work at or fix 
the problem causing the stress. 

I will speak here as a pastor's wife. 
Women are increasingly encouraged to 
become all that they can be, individual 
interests are being pursued, and careers 
are jeopardized by moving. 

While pastors have training theologi- 
cally and clinically to deal with their 
positions, their wives mostly are 
unaware of what their role will be. There 
are no guides to follow, few opportuni- 
ties to test their aptitude, and their 
"calling" is taken for granted. 

Being separated from family, discour- 
aged from close friendships (at least in 
the congregation), and living in a place 
not of her choosing may not be different 
from the experiences of wives of men in 
other professions. Seldom, however, is 
the stress of employment, performance, 
and job termination so intricately related 
in those other professions as they are for 
a pastor's wife. 

For some pastors' wives the idea of 
dissatisfaction is both irrelevant and 
irreverent. Adjusting their needs and 
interests to a common endeavor with 
their husbands, these wives find their 
lives bonded with their husbands' in a 

challenge that brings satisfaction and 
fulfillment. For many of these women, 
the congregation becomes an extended 
family, with each member comfortable 
with the other's gifts. 

Not so for many others, whose dreams 
and aspirations have given way to 
misplaced trust and broken relationships 
Many stereotypes of the pastor's wife 
are gone, but there still abound many 
unreal expectations of life in the 
parsonage. The resulting stress is 
compounded by the higher level of stresi 
eveijone is feeling these days. 

For several years, a group of Brethren 
pastors' spouses has attempted to form a 
support group at Annual Conference. 
(See May, page 11.) But it has been 
uphill all the way. Surprisingly, pastors 
generally have been unenthusiastic aboUj 
efforts to create spouse support. 

For those of us who struggle to find 
our way, simplistic judgments further 
isolate: "You should have known what 
you were getting into." "What you reall;^ 
want is to be the pastor yourself." "I 
have enjoyed every minute of being a 
pastor's wife." 

In a church where leaders are seen as ■ 
role models, in a church identified with ' 
traditional family life, the near crisis 
situations should be addressed with mor' 
help and concern for all, including those 
who have less choice and are not 
so visible. 

Sara G. Wilson, who has been a pastor's wifefo 
34 years, is a member of the Oakton (Va.) Church 
of the Brethren. 



RETIREMENT— ,4 Consumer's Guide to Selecting a Retire- 
ment Park can be yours free. Call now for this free educa- 
tional packet. Learn 1 1 secrets of happy, healthy retirement 
park; 7 potential drawbacks of retirement park: 9 mistakes 
to avoid when choosing retirement park; 26 tough questions 
to ask before selecting retirement park. Plus, get full details 
about The Willows at Camp Verde, northern Ariz., unique 
retirement park in clean, smog-free setting. It's all free. So